H. Rept. 113-16 - 113th Congress (2013-2014)

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House Report 113-16 - PROVIDING FOR CONSIDERATION OF THE BILL (H.R. 803) TO REFORM AND STRENGTHEN THE WORKFORCE INVESTMENT SYSTEM OF THE NATION TO PUT AMERICANS BACK TO WORK AND MAKE THE UNITED STATES MORE COMPETITIVE IN THE 21ST CENTURY

[House Report 113-16]
[From the U.S. Government Publishing Office]


113th Congress                                                   Report
                        HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
 1st Session                                                     113-16

======================================================================

 
   PROVIDING FOR CONSIDERATION OF THE BILL (H.R. 803) TO REFORM AND 
    STRENGTHEN THE WORKFORCE INVESTMENT SYSTEM OF THE NATION TO PUT 
 AMERICANS BACK TO WORK AND MAKE THE UNITED STATES MORE COMPETITIVE IN 
                            THE 21ST CENTURY

                                _______
                                

   March 13, 2013.--Referred to the House Calendar and ordered to be 
                                printed

                                _______
                                

                Ms. Foxx, from the Committee on Rules, 
                        submitted the following

                              R E P O R T

                       [To accompany H. Res. 113]

    The Committee on Rules, having had under consideration 
House Resolution 113, by a nonrecord vote, report the same to 
the House with the recommendation that the resolution be 
adopted.

                SUMMARY OF PROVISIONS OF THE RESOLUTION

    The resolution provides for consideration of H.R. 803, the 
SKILLS Act, under a structured rule. The resolution provides 
one hour of general debate equally divided and controlled by 
the chair and ranking minority member of the Committee on 
Education and the Workforce. The resolution waives all points 
of order against consideration of the bill. The resolution 
makes in order as original text for purpose of amendment an 
amendment in the nature of a substitute consisting of the text 
of Rules Committee Print 113-4 and provides that it shall be 
considered as read. The resolution waives all points of order 
against the amendment in the nature of a substitute. The 
resolution makes in order only those amendments printed in this 
report. Each such amendment may be offered only in the order 
printed in this report, may be offered only by a Member 
designated in this report, shall be considered as read, shall 
be debatable for the time specified in this report equally 
divided and controlled by the proponent and an opponent, shall 
not be subject to amendment, and shall not be subject to a 
demand for division of the question. The resolution waives all 
points of order against the amendments printed in this report. 
The resolution provides one motion to recommit with or without 
instructions.

                         EXPLANATION OF WAIVERS

    Although the resolution waives all points of order against 
consideration of the bill, the Committee is not aware of any 
points of order. The waiver is prophylactic in nature.
    Although the resolution waives all points of order against 
the amendment in the nature of a substitute made in order as 
original text, the Committee is not aware of any points of 
order. The waiver is prophylactic in nature.
    Although the resolution waives all points of order against 
the amendments printed in this report, the Committee is not 
aware of any points of order. The waiver is prophylactic in 
nature.

                SUMMARY OF THE AMENDMENTS MADE IN ORDER

    1. Foxx (NC): MANAGER'S Provides an application process for 
local or regional boards to be designated as a local workforce 
investment area, authorizes GAO to complete two studies related 
to Workforce Investment Act programs, and makes technical and 
clarifying amendments. (10 minutes)
    2. Gallego, Pete (TX): Adds advanced manufacturing in the 
state and local plans sections to assist American Veterans 
obtain better job opportunities in that field. (10 minutes)
    3. Young, Don (AK), Cole (OK), Noem (SD): Changes the 
percentage of authorized State Allotment funding set aside for 
American Indian, Alaska Native, and Native Hawaiian employment 
and training grants. It replaces a provision that limits the 
set aside to no more than 1 percent of total funding with a 
fixed 1 percent guarantee. (10 minutes)
    4. Black (TN): Expresses a sense of Congress that any 
administrative costs to federal, state, or local entities as a 
result of this act be off-set by funds currently being used for 
marketing and outreach at the United States Department of 
Agriculture (USDA). (10 minutes)
    5. Garrett (NJ): Requires that if reports due to Congress 
that evaluate the programs that are covered by this legislation 
are not transmitted on or before the time period specified for 
that report, amounts authorized to be appropriated under this 
title shall be reduced by 10 percent for the next fiscal year 
and reduced by an additional 10 percent for each subsequent 
fiscal year until such report is transmitted to Congress. (10 
minutes)
    6. Tierney (MA), Hinojosa (TX), Miller, George (CA): 
SUBSTITUTE Reauthorizes the Workforce Investment Act in a 
responsible way that ensures workers can obtain jobs and build 
careers through strategic partnerships and enables businesses 
to identify and hire qualified personnel to grow and continue 
our economic recovery. (20 minutes)

                    TEXT OF AMENDMENTS MADE IN ORDER

1. An Amendment To Be Offered by Representative Foxx of North Carolina 
               or Her Designee, Debatable for 10 Minutes

  In the table of contents in section 2, strike the item 
relating to section 139 and insert the following:

Sec. 139. Federal agency staff and restrictions on political and 
          lobbying activities.

  In the table of contents in section 2, add at the end the 
following:

              TITLE VI--STUDIES BY THE COMPTROLLER GENERAL

Sec. 601. Study by the Comptroller General on exhausting Federal Pell 
          Grants before accessing WIA funds.
Sec. 602. Study by the Comptroller General on administrative cost 
          savings.

  Page 12, line 8, insert ``pay-for-performance'' before 
``contract''.
  Page 12, line 11, strike ``performance outcome'' and insert 
``core indicators of performance''.
  Page 12, beginning line 14, strike ``a provider'' and insert 
``an eligible provider''.
  Page 12, line 16, insert after ``who'' the following: ``, 
within a defined timetable,''.
  Page 12, line 18, strike ``outcome measures'' and insert 
``core indicators of performance''.
  Page 12, line 19, strike ``, within a defined timetable''.
  Page 12, line 23, strike ``a provider'' and insert ``an 
eligible provider''.
  Page 12, line 24, insert ``program'' before ``participant''.
  Page 12, line 25, strike ``outcome measures'' and insert 
``core indicators of performance''.
  Page 13, line 7, strike ``a provider'' and insert ``an 
eligible provider''.
  Page 27, line 6, insert ``and'' before ``all that follows''.
  Page 27, beginning line 14, amend subparagraph (A) to read as 
follows:
                  (A) by amending paragraph (1) to read as 
                follows:
          ``(1) In general.--
                  ``(A) Process.--In order to receive an 
                allotment under section 132, a State, through 
                the State board, shall establish a process to 
                designate local workforce investment areas 
                within the State. Such process shall--
                          ``(i) support the statewide workforce 
                        investment system developed under 
                        section 111(d)(2) that will meet the 
                        workforce needs of the State and its 
                        local areas;
                          ``(ii) include prior consultation 
                        with chief elected officials;
                          ``(iii) consider comments received 
                        through the public comment process as 
                        described in section 112(b)(9); and
                          ``(iv) require the submission of an 
                        approved application under subparagraph 
                        (B).
                  ``(B) Application.--To be designated as a 
                local area under this paragraph, a local or 
                regional board (or consortiums of local or 
                regional boards) shall submit an application to 
                a State board at such time, in such manner, and 
                containing such information as the State board 
                may require, including--
                          ``(i) a description of the local 
                        area, including the population that 
                        will be served by the local area, and 
                        the education and training needs of its 
                        employers and workers;
                          ``(ii) a description of how the local 
                        area is consistent or aligned with--
                                  ``(I) service delivery areas;
                                  ``(II) labor market areas; 
                                and
                                  ``(III) economic development 
                                regions;
                          ``(iii) a description of the eligible 
                        providers of education and training, 
                        including postsecondary educational 
                        institutions such as community 
                        colleges, located in the local area 
                        available to meet the needs of the 
                        local workforce;
                          ``(iv) a description of the distance 
                        that individuals will need to travel to 
                        receive services provided in such local 
                        area; and
                          ``(v) any other criteria that the 
                        State board may require.
                  ``(C) Priority.--In designating local areas 
                under this paragraph, a State board shall give 
                priority consideration to applicants 
                demonstrating that a designation as a local 
                area under this paragraph will result in the 
                reduction of overlapping service delivery 
                areas, local market areas, or economic 
                development regions.
                  ``(D) Alignment with local plan.--A State may 
                designate an applicant as a local area under 
                this paragraph for a period not to exceed 3 
                years.''.
  Page 28, beginning line 22, strike ``and inserting the 
following:''.
  Page 28, line 24, through page 29, line 7, strike paragraph 
(3).
  Page 29, line 8, strike ``and''.
  Page 29, beginning line 9, amend subparagraph (E) to read as 
follows:
                  ``(E) by redesignating paragraph (5) as 
                paragraph (3); and''.
  Page 29, after line 10, insert the following:
                  (F) in paragraph (3) (as so redesignated), by 
                striking ``(2) or (3)'' both places it appears 
                and inserting ``(1)'';
  Page 29, line 14, strike ``(a)(1)(B), the Governor may 
designate a State'' and insert ``(a), the State board of a 
State may designate the State''.
  Page 36, line 25, strike ``individual training providers'' 
and insert ``each such eligible provider''.
  Page 37, line 2, insert ``eligible'' before ``providers''.
  Page 37, line 4, strike ``indicators as priority'' and insert 
``criteria as priority eligible''.
  Page 42, line 9, insert ``, with a focus on employment that 
fosters independence and integration'' after ``disabilities''.
  Page 55, line 23, insert ``subsection'' before ``(b)(2)(B)''.
  Page 70, line 24, strike the period and insert ``; and''.
  Page 86, beginning line 12, strike ``, as defined in section 
101(56),''.
  Page 86, line 15, insert ``eligible'' before ``providers''.
  Page 99, line 12, strike ``(B);'' and insert ``(B).''.
  Page 104, beginning line 3, strike ``an institution of higher 
education'' and insert ``a postsecondary educational 
institution''.
  Page 104, line 5, insert ``eligible'' before ``provider''.
  Page 104, line 9, strike ``and which'' and insert ``such 
contract''.
  Page 104, line 11, insert ``eligible'' before ``provider''.
  Page 104, line 11, strike ``if'' and insert ``and''.
  Page 106, beginning line 4, strike ``, as defined in section 
101(56),''.
  Page 118, line 24, strike ``(1)(A)''.
  Page 119, line 1, insert ``of paragraph (1)(A)'' after 
``clause (i)''.
  Page 119, line 6, insert ``of paragraph (1)(A)'' after 
``clause (ii)''.
  Page 122, line 10, strike ``(E)'' and insert ``(D)''.
  Page 128, line 25, strike ``1091(c))'' and insert 
``1091(c)))''.
  Page 154, line 2, strike ``Education.'' and insert 
``Education,''.
  Page 154, line 3, strike ``as well as'' and insert ``and''.
  Page 157, line 9, insert before the semicolon the following: 
``, and conforming the casing style of the headings of such 
subsections to the casing style of the heading of subsection 
(d), as added by paragraph (7) of this section''.
  Page 166, line 18, strike ``paragraph'' and insert 
``subparagraph''.
  Page 167, line 16, insert after ``STAFF'' the following: 
``AND RESTRICTIONS ON POLITICAL AND LOBBYING ACTIVITIES''.
  Page 168, line 11, strike ``eliminated'' and insert 
``repealed''.
  Page 168, line 16, insert ``and'' at the end.
  Page 221, line 11, insert before the period the following: 
``, as in effect on the day before the date of enactment of the 
SKILLS Act''.
  Page 221, beginning line 18, amend paragraph (5) to read as 
follows:
          (5) Public Law 91-378, 16 U.S.C. 1701 et seq. 
        (popularly known as the ``Youth Conservation Corps Act 
        of 1970'').
   Page 222, beginning line 21, move the quoted matter so that 
it appears in-line with ``following:'' on line 20 of such page.
  Page 230, line 11, insert ``and all that follows'' before 
``through''.
  Page 235, line 7, strike ``victim'' and insert ``victims''.
  Page 236, line 23, strike ``subsection'' and insert 
``subsections''.
  Page 236, line 24, strike ``subsection'' and insert 
``subsections''.
  Page 240, after the item relating to section 196, insert the 
following:
``Sec. 197. Restrictions on lobbying and political activities.''.

  Add at the end of the bill, the following new title:

              TITLE VI--STUDIES BY THE COMPTROLLER GENERAL


SEC. 601. STUDY BY THE COMPTROLLER GENERAL ON EXHAUSTING FEDERAL PELL 
                    GRANTS BEFORE ACCESSING WIA FUNDS.

  Not later than 12 months after the date of enactment of this 
Act, the Comptroller General of the United States shall 
complete and submit to the Committee on Education and the 
Workforce of the House of Representatives and the Committee on 
Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions of the Senate a report 
that--
          (1) evaluates the effectiveness of subparagraph (B) 
        of section 134(d)(4) of the Workforce Investment Act of 
        1998 (29 U.S.C. 2864(d)(4)(B)) (as such subparagraph 
        was in effect on the day before the date of enactment 
        of this Act), including--
                  (A) a review of the regulations and guidance 
                issued by the Secretary of Labor to State and 
                local areas on how to comply with such 
                subparagraph;
                  (B) a review of State policies to determine 
                how local areas are required to comply with 
                such subparagraph;
                  (C) a review of local area policies to 
                determine how one-stop operators are required 
                to comply with such subparagraph; and
                  (D) a review of a sampling of individuals 
                receiving training services under section 
                134(d)(4) of the Workforce Investment Act of 
                1998 (29 U.S.C. 2864(d)(4)) to determine if, 
                before receiving such training services, such 
                individuals have exhausted funds received 
                through the Federal Pell Grant program under 
                title IV of the Higher Education Act of 1965 
                (20 U.S.C. 1070 et seq.); and
          (2) makes appropriate recommendations with respect to 
        the matters evaluated under paragraph (1).

SEC. 602. STUDY BY THE COMPTROLLER GENERAL ON ADMINISTRATIVE COST 
                    SAVINGS.

  (a) Study.--Not later than 12 months after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Comptroller General of the United 
States shall complete and submit to the Committee on Education 
and the Workforce of the House of Representatives and the 
Committee on Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions of the 
Senate a report that--
          (1) determines the amount of administrative costs at 
        the Federal and State levels for the most recent fiscal 
        year for which satisfactory data are available for--
                  (A) each of the programs authorized under the 
                Workforce Investment Act of 1998 (29 U.S.C. 
                2801 et seq.) or repealed under section 401 of 
                this Act, as such programs were in effect for 
                such fiscal year; and
                  (B) each of the programs described in 
                subparagraph (A) that have been repealed or 
                consolidated on or after the date of enactment 
                of this Act;
          (2) determines the amount of administrative cost 
        savings at the Federal and State levels as a result of 
        repealing and consolidating programs by calculating the 
        differences in the amount of administrative costs 
        between subparagraph (A) and subparagraph (B) of 
        paragraph (1); and
          (3) estimates the administrative costs savings at the 
        Federal and State levels for a fiscal year as a result 
        of States consolidating funds under section 501(e) of 
        the Workforce Investment Act of 1998 (20 U.S.C. 
        9271(e)) to reduce inefficiencies in the administration 
        of federally-funded State and local employment and 
        training programs.
  (b) Definition.--For purposes of this section, the term 
``administrative cost'' has the meaning given the term in 
section 101 of the Workforce Investment Act of 1998 (29 U.S.C. 
2801).
                              ----------                              


2. An Amendment To Be Offered by Representative Gallego of Texas or His 
                   Designee, Debatable for 10 Minutes

  Page 26, line 20, insert ``including training in advanced 
manufacturing,'' after ``training,''.
  Page 44, line 24, insert ``including training in advanced 
manufacturing,'' after ``training,''.
                              ----------                              


3. An Amendment To Be Offered by Representative Young of Alaska or His 
                   Designee, Debatable for 10 Minutes

  Page 69, line 21, strike ``not more than''.
                              ----------                              


 4. An Amendment To Be Offered by Representative Black of Tennessee or 
                 Her Designee, Debatable for 10 Minutes

  Page 127, line 10, strike ``There'' and insert ``(a) In 
General.--There''.
  Page 127, after line 13, insert the following:
  ``(b) Sense of Congress Relating to Administrative Costs.--It 
is the sense of Congress that when funds are appropriated 
pursuant to the amendment made by subsection (a), the amount 
necessary to cover all administrative costs under title I of 
the Workforce Investment Act of 1998 should be offset by funds 
from the account for the Office for Advocacy and Outreach of 
the Department of Agriculture.''.
                              ----------                              


 5. An Amendment To Be Offered by Representative Garrett of New Jersey 
               or His Designee, Debatable for 10 Minutes

  Page 160, line 2, strike ``and'' and after such line insert 
the following:
          (5) by redesignating subsection (f) as subsection (g) 
        and inserting after subsection (e) the following:
  ``(f) Reduction of Amounts Authorized to Be Appropriated for 
Late Reporting.--If a report required to be transmitted to 
Congress under this section is not transmitted on or before the 
time period specified for that report, amounts authorized to be 
appropriated under this title shall be reduced by 10 percent 
for the fiscal year that begins after the date on which the 
final report required under this section is required to be 
transmitted and reduced by an additional 10 percent each 
subsequent fiscal year until each such report is transmitted to 
Congress.''.
  Page 160, line 3, strike ``(5)'' and insert ``(6)''.
  Page 160, line 4, strike ``(g)'' and insert ``(h)''.
                              ----------                              


      6. An Amendment To Be Offered by Representative Tierney of 
        Massachusetts or His Designee, Debatable for 20 Minutes

  Strike all after the enacting clause and insert the 
following:

SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE AND TABLE OF CONTENTS.

  (a) Short Title.--This Act may be cited as the ``Workforce 
Investment Act of 2013''.
  (b) Table of Contents.--The table of contents for this Act is 
as follows:

Sec. 1. Short title and table of contents.
Sec. 2. Purposes and principles.

                  TITLE I--WORKFORCE INVESTMENT SYSTEMS

                         Subtitle A--Definitions

Sec. 101. Definitions.

      Subtitle B--Statewide and Local Workforce Investment Systems

Sec. 111. State workforce investment boards and requirements for State 
          plans.
Sec. 112. State unified plan.
Sec. 113. Local workforce investment areas and boards.
Sec. 114. Additional one-stop programs and activities.
Sec. 115. Providers of training services.
Sec. 116. Youth activities.
Sec. 117. Adult and dislocated worker training activities.
Sec. 118. Unified performance accountability system.
Sec. 119. Authorization of funding for one-stop infrastructure.

                          Subtitle C--Job Corps

Sec. 131. Purposes.
Sec. 132. Definitions.
Sec. 133. Individuals eligible for the Job Corps.
Sec. 134. Recruitment, screening, selection, and assignment of 
          enrollees.
Sec. 135. Enrollment.
Sec. 136. Job Corps centers.
Sec. 137. Program activities.
Sec. 138. Support.
Sec. 139. Community participation.
Sec. 140. Industry councils.
Sec. 141. Experimental, research, and demonstration projects and College 
          Corps program.
Sec. 142. Technical amendment.
Sec. 143. Performance accountability and management.
Sec. 144. Authorization of appropriations.

                      Subtitle D--National Programs

Sec. 151. Native American programs.
Sec. 152. Migrant and seasonal farmworker programs.
Sec. 153. Veterans workforce investment programs.
Sec. 154. Repeal.
Sec. 155. Technical assistance.
Sec. 156. Innovation projects.
Sec. 157. Workforce and youth innovation and best practices grants.
Sec. 158. Evaluations.
Sec. 159. National dislocated worker grants.
Sec. 160. Youthbuild program.
Sec. 161. Authorization of appropriations.
Sec. 162. Transition grants to States.
Sec. 163. Interagency agreement.

                       Subtitle E--Administration

Sec. 171. Requirements and restrictions.
Sec. 172. Fiscal controls or sanctions.
Sec. 173. Reports, recordkeeping, investigations.
Sec. 174. Administrative provisions.
Sec. 175. Repeals.
Sec. 176. General program requirements.
Sec. 177. Office of Disability Employment Policy.
Sec. 178. Independent evaluation of the efficiency and effectiveness of 
          the Federal Workforce Investment System.

              Subtitle F--Community College to Career Fund

Sec. 181. Community College to Career Fund.

                 TITLE II--ADULT EDUCATION AND LITERACY

Sec. 201. Purposes, definitions, and miscellaneous provisions.
Sec. 202. Amendments to subtitle A.
Sec. 203. Amendments to subtitle B.
Sec. 204. Amendments to subtitle C.
Sec. 205. Amendments to subtitle D.

             TITLE III--AMENDMENTS TO THE WAGNER-PEYSER ACT

Sec. 301. Employment service offices.
Sec. 302. Definitions.
Sec. 303. Federal and State employment service offices.
Sec. 304. Allotment of sums.
Sec. 305. Use of sums.
Sec. 306. State plan.
Sec. 307. Performance accountability measures.
Sec. 308. Pilot projects.
Sec. 309. Labor market information system.

         TITLE IV--AMENDMENTS TO THE REHABILITATION ACT OF 1973

                   Subtitle A--Introductory Provisions

Sec. 401. References.
Sec. 402. Findings, purpose, policy.
Sec. 403. Rehabilitation Services Administration.
Sec. 404. Definitions.
Sec. 405. Administration of the Act.
Sec. 406. Reports.
Sec. 407. Evaluation.
Sec. 408. Carryover.
Sec. 409. Traditionally underserved populations.

             Subtitle B--Vocational Rehabilitation Services

Sec. 411. Declaration of policy; authorization of appropriations.
Sec. 412. State plans.
Sec. 413. Eligibility and individualized plan for employment.
Sec. 414. Vocational rehabilitation services.
Sec. 415. State Rehabilitation Council.
Sec. 416. Performance accountability measures.
Sec. 417. Monitoring and review.
Sec. 418. Training and services for employers.
Sec. 419. State allotments.
Sec. 420. Client Assistance Program.
Sec. 421. Technical assistance for quality services.
Sec. 422. Pre-employment transition services.
Sec. 423. American Indian vocational rehabilitation services.

                    Subtitle C--Research and Training

Sec. 431. Purpose.
Sec. 432. Authorization of appropriations.
Sec. 433. National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research.
Sec. 434. Interagency Committee.
Sec. 435. Research and other covered activities.
Sec. 436. Rehabilitation Research Advisory Council.
Sec. 437. Definition of covered school.

     Subtitle D--Professional Development and Special Projects and 
                              Demonstration

Sec. 441. Training.
Sec. 442. Demonstration and training programs.
Sec. 443. Migrant and seasonal farmworkers.
Sec. 444. Recreational programs.

               Subtitle E--National Council on Disability

Sec. 451. Report.
Sec. 452. Authorization of appropriations.

                     Subtitle F--Rights and Advocacy

Sec. 456. Board and Council.
Sec. 457. Protection and advocacy of individual rights.
Sec. 458. Standards for accessible medical diagnostic equipment.

 Subtitle G--Employment Opportunities for Individuals With Disabilities

Sec. 461. Projects with industry.
Sec. 462. Authorization of appropriations.
Sec. 463. Supported employment services.

  Subtitle H--Independent Living Services and Centers for Independent 
                                 Living

                      Chapter 1--General Provisions

Sec. 471. Purpose.
Sec. 472. Independent Living Administration.
Sec. 473. Definitions.
Sec. 474. State plan.
Sec. 475. Statewide Independent Living Council.
Sec. 476. Responsibilities of the ILA Director.

                 Chapter 2--Independent Living Services

Sec. 477. Administration.

                Chapter 3--Centers for Independent Living

Sec. 481. Program authorization.
Sec. 482. Centers.
Sec. 483. Standards and assurances.
Sec. 484. Authorization of appropriations.

  Chapter 4--Independent Living Services for Older Individuals Who Are 
                                  Blind

Sec. 486. Independent living services for older individuals who are 
          blind.
Sec. 487. Program of grants.
Sec. 488. Independent living services for older individuals who are 
          blind authorization of appropriations.

  Subtitle I--Increasing Employment Opportunities for Individuals With 
                              Disabilities

Sec. 491. Disability employment.
Sec. 492. Table of contents.

SEC. 2. PURPOSES AND PRINCIPLES.

  The purposes of this Act include the following:
          (1) To increase economic growth by improving the 
        education and skills of American workers.
          (2) To ensure middle class prosperity through strong 
        investment in talent and workforce development.
          (3) To prepare the unemployed, the underemployed, and 
        those most disadvantaged with skills to match up with 
        employer needs.
          (4) To provide individuals streamlined access to in-
        demand skills training and employment services by 
        aligning education, training and workforce investment 
        programs.
          (5) To strengthen engagement with employers in in-
        demand industries and all sectors to meet the needs of 
        employers.
          (6) To improve the competitiveness and dynamism of 
        the Nation's future workforce by investing in college 
        and career-ready pathways for young adults.
          (7) To ensure accountability and efficiency through 
        system performance measures that incentivize continuous 
        improvement in services for workers and employers.
          (8) To encourage private sector partnerships 
        connecting employers, labor unions, community colleges, 
        workforce boards and related stakeholders to develop 
        workforce skills that meet employer needs, including 
        career pathways, recognized postsecondary credentials, 
        and regional planning.

                 TITLE I--WORKFORCE INVESTMENT SYSTEMS

                        Subtitle A--Definitions

SEC. 101. DEFINITIONS.

  Section 101 is amended--
          (1) by striking paragraph (24) and by redesignating--
                  (A) paragraphs (52) and (53) as paragraphs 
                (60) and (61), respectively;
                  (B) paragraphs (40) through (51) as 
                paragraphs (47) through (58), respectively;
                  (C) paragraphs (25) through (39) as 
                paragraphs (31) through (45), respectively;
                  (D) paragraphs (18) through (23) as 
                paragraphs (25) through (30), respectively;
                  (E) paragraph (17) as paragraph (22);
                  (F) paragraphs (12) through (16) as 
                paragraphs (16) through (20), respectively;
                  (G) paragraphs (8) through (11), as 
                paragraphs (11) through (14), respectively; and
                  (H) paragraphs (5) through (7) as paragraphs 
                (6) through (8), respectively;
          (2) by inserting after paragraph (4) the following:
          ``(5) Career pathway.--
                  ``(A) In general.--The term `career pathway' 
                means a sequence of education, training, and 
                other supportive services, clearly articulated 
                from one level of instruction to the next, that 
                are designed to prepare individuals to meet a 
                set of career-related objectives as referenced 
                in subparagraph (C).
                  ``(B) Services.--The services referred to in 
                subparagraph (A) shall be--
                          ``(i) aligned with the skill needs of 
                        industries in the State or regional 
                        economy involved;
                          ``(ii) designed to increase an 
                        individual's educational and skill 
                        attainment, and improve the 
                        individual's employment outcomes and 
                        ability to meet career-related 
                        objectives, by--
                                  ``(I) preparing individuals 
                                for the full range of secondary 
                                or postsecondary education 
                                options, including 
                                apprenticeships registered 
                                under the Act of August 16, 
                                1937 (commonly known as the 
                                `National Apprenticeship Act'; 
                                50 Stat. 664, chapter 663; 29 
                                U.S.C. 50 et seq.) (referred to 
                                individually in this Act as an 
                                `apprenticeship', except in 
                                section 273);
                                  ``(II) including supportive 
                                services and counseling to 
                                support individuals in 
                                achieving their education and 
                                career goals;
                                  ``(III) including, as 
                                appropriate for an individual, 
                                education offered concurrently 
                                with and in the context of 
                                workforce preparation 
                                activities and training for a 
                                specific occupation or 
                                occupational cluster; and
                                  ``(IV) when participants are 
                                adults, organizing courses to 
                                meet adult participants' needs 
                                including flexible scheduling, 
                                multiple entry and exit points 
                                (that may correspond with work 
                                and stackable credentials), 
                                giving credit for learning 
                                toward credentials and adopting 
                                other strategies that 
                                accelerate the educational and 
                                career advancement of the 
                                participant to the extent 
                                practicable; and
                          ``(iii) at a minimum, provided 
                        through the alignment of core programs 
                        authorized under this Act with 
                        postsecondary education and training 
                        programs, consistent with descriptions 
                        included in the State and local plans.
                  ``(C) Objectives.--The objectives referred to 
                in subparagraph (A) include--
                          ``(i) enabling an individual to 
                        attain a secondary school diploma or 
                        its recognized equivalent, and at least 
                        1 recognized postsecondary credential; 
                        and
                          ``(ii) helping a worker enter or 
                        advance within a specific occupation or 
                        occupational cluster.'';
          (3) by inserting after paragraph (8) (as so 
        redesignated), the following:
          ``(9) Core program.--The term `core programs' means--
                  ``(A) chapter 4 and 5 of subtitle B of title 
                I (relating to youth workforce investment 
                activities and adult and dislocated worker 
                employment and training activities);
                  ``(B) title II (relating to adult education 
                and literacy activities);
                  ``(C) sections 1 through 13 of the Wagner-
                Peyser Act (29 U.S.C. 49 et seq.) (relating to 
                employment services); and
                  ``(D) title I of the Rehabilitation Act of 
                1973 (29 U.S.C. 701 et seq.), other than 
                section 112 or part C of that title (29 U.S.C. 
                732, 741) (relating to vocational 
                rehabilitation services).
          ``(10) Costs of infrastructure.--The term `costs of 
        infrastructure', used with respect to a one-stop 
        center, means the nonpersonnel costs that are necessary 
        for the operation of the one-stop center, including the 
        rental costs of the facilities, the costs of utilities 
        and maintenance, equipment (including assessment-
        related products and adaptive technology for 
        individuals with disabilities), and technology to 
        facilitate access to the one-stop center.'';
          (4) by inserting after paragraph (14) (as so 
        redesignated), the following:
          ``(15) Economic self-sufficiency.--The term `economic 
        self-sufficiency' means, with respect to a worker, 
        earning a wage sufficient to support a family 
        adequately and, over time, to save for emergency 
        expenses and adequate retirement income, based on 
        factors such as--
                  ``(A) family size;
                  ``(B) the cost of living in the worker's 
                community; and
                  ``(C) other factors that may vary by 
                region.'';
          (5) by inserting after paragraph (20) (as so 
        redesignated), the following:
          ``(21) In-demand industry sector or occupation.--
                  ``(A) In general.--The term `in-demand 
                industry sector or occupation' means--
                          ``(i) an industry sector that--
                                  ``(I) has a substantial 
                                current or forecasted impact on 
                                the regional economy overall, 
                                including attracting, expanding 
                                or retaining businesses or jobs 
                                (including, at a minimum, jobs 
                                that lead to economic self-
                                sufficiency and opportunities 
                                for advancement) in the region;
                                  ``(II) contributes to the 
                                growth of other supporting 
                                businesses, or the growth of 
                                other industry sectors within 
                                the region;
                                  ``(III) provides workers with 
                                jobs that have competitive, 
                                family-sustaining wages and 
                                benefits; and
                                  ``(IV) includes occupations 
                                that provide opportunities for 
                                career advancement; or
                          ``(ii) an occupation that--
                                  ``(I) has a significant 
                                presence in an industry sector;
                                  ``(II) has a shortage of 
                                available skilled workers;
                                  ``(III) pays competitive, 
                                family-sustaining wages and 
                                benefits that enable workers to 
                                achieve economic self-
                                sufficiency, or can reasonably 
                                be expected to lead to a 
                                position with such wages and 
                                benefits;
                                  ``(IV) provides opportunities 
                                for career advancement; and
                                  ``(V) has a significant 
                                impact in a region's economy.
                  ``(B) Determination.--The determination of 
                whether an industry sector or occupation is an 
                in-demand industry sector or occupation under 
                this paragraph shall be made using national, 
                State, or regional labor market information.'';
          (6) by inserting after paragraph (22) (as so 
        redesignated), the following:
          ``(23) Individual with barriers to employment.--The 
        term `individual with barriers to employment' means an 
        individual with any characteristic that substantially 
        limits an individual's ability to obtain employment, 
        including indicators of poor work history, lack of work 
        experience or access to employment in nontraditional 
        occupations, long-term unemployment, lack of 
        educational or occupational skills attainment, 
        dislocation from high-wage and high-benefit employment, 
        low levels of literacy or English proficiency, 
        disability status, homelessness, ex-offender status, or 
        receipt of welfare.
          ``(24) Industry or sector partnership.--The term 
        `industry or sector partnership' means a workforce 
        collaborative that--
                  ``(A) organizes key stakeholders in an 
                industry cluster into a working group that 
                focuses on the workforce needs of the industry 
                cluster and that includes, at the appropriate 
                stage of development of the partnership--
                          ``(i) representatives of multiple 
                        businesses or other employers in the 
                        industry cluster, including small and 
                        medium-sized employers when 
                        practicable;
                          ``(ii) representatives of a 
                        recognized State labor organization or 
                        central labor council, a union 
                        representing employees in the industry 
                        or sector and another labor 
                        representative, as appropriate;
                          ``(iii) 1 or more representatives of 
                        an institution of higher education 
                        with, or another provider of, education 
                        or training programs that support the 
                        industry cluster, including career and 
                        technical education providers; and
                          ``(iv) the State workforce agency 
                        providing labor market information and 
                        employment services under the Wagner-
                        Peyser Act; and
                  ``(B) may include representatives of--
                          ``(i) State or local government;
                          ``(ii) State or local economic 
                        development agencies;
                          ``(iii) State boards or local boards, 
                        as appropriate;
                          ``(iv) any local board that has 
                        established through its local plan a 
                        concentration of an industry cluster 
                        within its area;
                          ``(v) business or trade associations;
                          ``(vi) nonprofit organizations, 
                        community-based organizations, or 
                        intermediaries;
                          ``(vii) philanthropic organizations; 
                        and
                          ``(viii) other organizations, as 
                        determined to be necessary by the 
                        members comprising the industry or 
                        sector partnership.''.
          (7) in paragraph (36) (as so redesignated), by 
        striking ``as appropriate to the occupation for which 
        the participant is being trained'' and inserting ``to a 
        period not in excess of that generally required for 
        acquisition of skills needed for the position with a 
        particular occupation and'';
          (8) by inserting after paragraph (44) (as so 
        redesignated), the following:
          ``(45) Recognized postsecondary credential.--The term 
        `recognized postsecondary credential' means a 
        credential awarded by a training provider or 
        educational institution based on completion of all 
        requirements for a program of study, including 
        coursework or tests or other performance evaluations. 
        The term includes an industry-recognized certificate, a 
        certificate of completion of an apprenticeship, or an 
        associate or baccalaureate degree.''; and
          (9) by inserting after paragraph (57) (as so 
        redesignated), the following:
          ``(58) Workplace learning advisor.--The term 
        `workplace learning advisor' means an individual 
        employed by an organization who has the knowledge and 
        skill necessary to advise other employees of that 
        organization about the education, skill development, 
        job training, career counseling services, and 
        credentials, including services provided through the 
        workforce investment system, required to progress 
        toward career goals of such employees in order to meet 
        employer requirements related to job openings and 
        career advancements that support economic self-
        sufficiency.''.

      Subtitle B--Statewide and Local Workforce Investment Systems

SEC. 111. STATE WORKFORCE INVESTMENT BOARDS AND REQUIREMENTS FOR STATE 
                    PLANS.

  (a) Size and Functions of the State Boards.--Section 111 is 
amended--
          (1) in subsection (b)--
                  (A) in paragraph (1)(C)--
                          (i) by amending clause (i)(I), by 
                        striking ``including'' and inserting 
                        ``shall include''; and
                          (ii) by amending clause (vi) to read 
                        as follows:
                          ``(vi)(I) lead State officials with 
                        primary responsibility for the program 
                        and activities that are described in 
                        section 121(b)(2)(B)(1) (i) through 
                        (iv); and
                          ``(II) the State agency officials 
                        responsible for economic 
                        development;''; and
                  (B) by adding at the end the following:
          ``(4) Worker representation.--Not less than 20 
        percent of the Board shall be comprised of 
        representatives of the workforce within the State, 
        and--
                  ``(A) shall include representatives described 
                in clause (iii) of section 117(b)(2)(A);
                  ``(B) may include representatives of 
                community-based organizations that have 
                demonstrated experience and expertise in 
                addressing the employment needs of individuals 
                with barriers to employment, including 
                organizations that provide or support 
                competitive, integrated employment for 
                individuals with disabilities; and
                  ``(C) may include representatives of 
                organizations that have demonstrated experience 
                and expertise in addressing the employment, 
                training, or education needs of eligible youth, 
                including representatives of organizations that 
                serve out-of-school youth.''.
          (2) in subsection (d)--
                  (A) in paragraph (8), by striking ``; and'' 
                and inserting a semicolon;
                  (B) in paragraph (9), by striking the period 
                and inserting a semicolon; and
                  (C) by adding at the end the following:
          ``(10) promotion in the development of guidance on 
        career pathways by aligning workforce investment 
        programs for the purpose of providing individuals with 
        barriers to employment, including low-skilled adults 
        and youth, with the employment, training, education, 
        and supportive services the individuals need to attain 
        the necessary credentials to secure and advance in 
        employment;
          ``(11) promotion in the development of sector 
        initiatives such as industry or sector partnerships 
        relating to in-demand industry sectors and occupations;
          ``(12) provision of guidance on the alignment and 
        delivery of services between the local boards, one-stop 
        operator, and State entities carrying out relevant 
        State-administered programs;
          ``(13) provision of technical assistance to local 
        boards, one-stop partners, one-stop operators, and 
        providers, as appropriate, in local areas concerning 
        planning and delivering services; and
          ``(14) staff training and education across programs 
        supported under workforce investment systems in local 
        areas.''.
  (b) Required Content of State Plans.--Section 112 is 
amended--
          (1) in subsection (a), by striking ``a single State 
        plan (referred to in this title as the `State plan')'' 
        and inserting ``a single State plan (referred to in 
        this title as the `State plan') that shall include the 
        State plans of all core program and'';
          (2) in subsection (b)--
                  (A) in paragraph (4)--
                          (i) in subparagraph (C), by striking 
                        ``; and'' and inserting a semicolon; 
                        and
                          (ii) by adding at the end the 
                        following new subparagraphs:
                  ``(E) the State's strategic vision and goals 
                for preparing an educated and skilled workforce 
                (including preparing youth and individuals with 
                barriers to employment) and for meeting the 
                skilled workforce needs of employers, including 
                the workforce needs for civilian occupations 
                important to military installations and 
                including goals relating to performance 
                accountability measures based on primary 
                indicators of performance described in section 
                136(b)(2), in order to support economic growth 
                and economic self-sufficiency; and
                  ``(F) a strategy not inconsistent with the 
                program requirements of the core programs for 
                aligning the core programs, as well as other 
                resources available to the State, to achieve 
                the strategic vision and goals described in 
                subparagraph (E), including how the State will 
                meet performance accountability measures based 
                on the system-wide indicators described in 
                section 136(b)(2)(A) in order to support 
                program alignment.'';
                  (B) in paragraph (8)(A)--
                          (i) in clauses (ix) and (x), 
                        respectively, by striking ``; and'' and 
                        inserting a semicolon; and
                          (ii) by adding at the end the 
                        following:
                          ``(xi) apprenticeship programs 
                        registered under the National 
                        Apprenticeship Act (50 Stat. 664, 
                        chapter 663; 29 U.S.C. 50 et seq.);
                          ``(xii) State labor certification 
                        activities for employment-based 
                        immigration programs authorized under 
                        the Immigration and Nationality Act; 
                        and
                          ``(xiii) employment, training, and 
                        literacy services carried out by public 
                        libraries.'';
                  (C) in paragraph (12)(B), by inserting before 
                the semicolon the following: ``, and, after 
                consultation with the local boards, specifying 
                the minimum amount of Federal assistance under 
                section 133(b) (2) and (3) provided to each 
                local area that is to be spent on training'';
                  (D) in paragraph (17)(B), by striking ``; 
                and'' and inserting a semicolon;
                  (E) in paragraph (18)(D), by striking the 
                period and inserting a semicolon; and
                  (F) by adding at the end the following:
          ``(19) a process for providing guidance to local 
        areas and conducting oversight to ensure implementation 
        of priority of service for adult employment and 
        training activities; in accordance with section 
        134(d)(4)(E);
          ``(20) a description of how the State will develop 
        and implement career pathways and career and technical 
        education by aligning workforce investment programs for 
        the purpose of providing individuals, including low-
        skill adults and youth, with the employment, training, 
        education, and supportive services the individuals need 
        to attain the necessary credentials to secure and 
        advance in employment;
          ``(21) an objective assessment of the needs of 
        individuals in the State or outlying area for adult 
        education and literacy activities, including 
        individuals with barriers to employment;
          ``(22) a description of how the eligible agency will 
        develop program strategies for populations that 
        include, at a minimum--
                  ``(A) low-income students;
                  ``(B) individuals with disabilities;
                  ``(C) single parents and displaced 
                homemakers; and
                  ``(D) individuals with multiple barriers to 
                educational enhancement, including individuals 
                with limited English proficiency; and
          ``(23) a description of how the adult education and 
        literacy activities that will be carried out with any 
        funds received under this subtitle will be integrated 
        with other adult education, career development, and 
        employment and training activities in the State or 
        outlying area served by the eligible agency.''; and
          (3) in subsection (c), by striking ``Secretary of'' 
        and inserting ``appropriate Secretary of each core 
        program''.

SEC. 112. STATE UNIFIED PLAN.

  The Workforce Investment Act of 1998 is further amended--
          (1) by striking section 501; and
          (2) by inserting after section 112 the following:

``SEC. 113. STATE UNIFIED PLAN.

  ``(a) Purpose.--The purpose of the State unified plan 
required by this section is to align education, training, and 
workforce development programs in support of a comprehensive 
workforce investment system.
  ``(b) Definition of Appropriate Secretary.--In this section, 
the term `appropriate Secretary' means the head of the Federal 
agency who exercises administrative authority over an activity 
or program described in subsection (c).
  ``(c) State Unified Plan.--
          ``(1) In general.--A State shall develop and submit 
        to the appropriate Secretaries a State unified plan for 
        the core programs and may develop and submit one or 
        more of the program and activities described in 
        paragraph (2) in lieu of submitting two or more plans, 
        for the programs and activities and the core programs.
          ``(2) Programs.--The programs and activities referred 
        to in paragraph (1) are as follows:
                  ``(A) Career and technical education programs 
                at the secondary and postsecondary level 
                authorized under the Carl D. Perkins Career and 
                Technical Education Act of 2006 (20 U.S.C. 2301 
                et seq.).
                  ``(B) Programs authorized under part A of 
                title IV of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 
                601 et seq.).
                  ``(C) Programs authorized under section 
                6(d)(4) of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 
                (7 U.S.C. 2015(d)(4)).
                  ``(D) Work programs authorized under section 
                6(o) of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 
                U.S.C. 2015(o)).
                  ``(E) Activities authorized under chapter 2 
                of title II of the Trade Act of 1974 (19 U.S.C. 
                2271 et seq.).
                  ``(F) Activities authorized under chapter 41 
                of title 38, United States Code.
                  ``(G) Programs authorized under State 
                unemployment compensation laws (in accordance 
                with applicable Federal law).
                  ``(H) Programs authorized under title V of 
                the Older Americans Act of 1965 (42 U.S.C. 3056 
                et seq.).
                  ``(I) Employment and training activities 
                carried out by the Department of Housing and 
                Urban Development.
                  ``(J) Employment and training activities 
                carried out under the Community Services Block 
                Grant Act (42 U.S.C. 9901 et seq.).
                  ``(K) Programs authorized under section 212 
                of the Second Chance Act of 2007 (42 U.S.C. 
                17532).
  ``(d) Requirements.--
          ``(1) In general.--The portion of a unified plan 
        covering the core programs shall be subject to the 
        requirements of section 112 and to the additional 
        requirements contained in the authorizing statute of 
        the core program, if any. The portion of such plan 
        covering a program or activity described in subsection 
        (b)(2) shall be subject to the requirements, if any, 
        applicable to a plan or application for assistance for 
        that program or activity.
          ``(2) Additional submission not required.--A State 
        that submits a State unified plan covering an activity 
        or program described in subsection (b) that is approved 
        under subsection (d) shall not be required to submit 
        any other plan or application in order to receive 
        Federal funds to carry out the activity or program.
          ``(3) Coordination.--A State unified plan shall 
        include--
                  ``(A) a description of the methods used for 
                joint planning and coordination of the programs 
                and activities included in the unified plan; 
                and
                  ``(B) an assurance that the methods included 
                an opportunity for the entities responsible for 
                planning or administering such programs and 
                activities to review and comment on all 
                portions of the unified plan.
  ``(e) Approval by the Appropriate Secretaries.--
          ``(1) Jurisdiction.--The appropriate Secretary shall 
        have the authority to approve the portion of the State 
        unified plan relating to the activity or program over 
        which the appropriate Secretary exercises 
        administrative authority. On the approval of the 
        appropriate Secretary, the portion of the plan relating 
        to the activity or program shall be implemented by the 
        State pursuant to the applicable portion of the State 
        unified plan.
          ``(2) Approval of core programs.--No portion of the 
        plan relating to a core program shall be implemented 
        until the appropriate Secretary approves the 
        corresponding portions of the plan for all core 
        programs. Other core programs may continue in operation 
        while new plan provisions are revised or are awaiting 
        approval.
          ``(3) Timing of approval.--
                  ``(A) In general.--Except as provided in 
                subparagraphs (B) and (C), a portion of the 
                State unified plan covering the core programs 
                or a program or activity described in 
                subsection (a)(2) shall be considered to be 
                approved by the appropriate Secretary at the 
                end of the 90-day period beginning on the day 
                the plan is submitted.
                  ``(B) Plan approved by 3 or more appropriate 
                secretaries.--If an appropriate Secretary other 
                than the Secretary of Labor or the Secretary of 
                Education has authority to approve a portion of 
                a unified plan, that portion of the unified 
                plan shall be considered to be approved by the 
                appropriate Secretary at the end of the 90-day 
                period beginning on the day the plan is 
                submitted.
                  ``(C) Disapproval.--The portion shall not be 
                considered to be approved if the appropriate 
                Secretary makes a written determination, during 
                the 90-day period, that the portion is not 
                consistent with the requirements of the Federal 
                law authorizing or applicable to the program or 
                activity involved, including the criteria for 
                approval of a plan or application, if any, 
                under such law, or the plan is not consistent 
                with the requirements of this section.
          ``(4) Local jurisdiction.--The appropriate local 
        board shall approve the portion of the State unified 
        plan relating to the activity or program over which the 
        appropriate local board exercises administrative 
        authority. On the approval of the appropriate local 
        board, the portion of the plan relating to the activity 
        or program shall be implemented by the State pursuant 
        to the applicable portion of the State unified plan.''.

SEC. 113. LOCAL WORKFORCE INVESTMENT AREAS AND BOARDS.

  (a) Planning Process for Different Types of Regions.--Section 
116(c)(1) is amended--
          (1) by striking ``As part of'' and inserting:
                  ``(A) As part of'';
          (2) by striking ``may'' each place it appears and 
        inserting ``shall''; and
          (3) by adding at the end the following:
                  ``(B) Planning for cooperative initiatives 
                and arrangements.--In the regions comprised of 
                2 or more local areas, the State shall, in 
                consultation with local boards, require 
                regional planning, and service delivery, by 
                local boards in those regions. For the purpose 
                of administrative efficiency, the State shall 
                require the local boards in a planning region 
                to participate in a regional planning process 
                for cooperative initiatives and arrangements 
                that result in--
                          ``(i) the establishment and 
                        implementation of regional service 
                        strategies and activities, including 
                        service delivery cooperative 
                        arrangements and regional approaches to 
                        address the employment and training 
                        needs of the region, including 
                        strategies that meet the need of 
                        individuals with barriers to 
                        employment;
                          ``(ii) as appropriate, the 
                        development and implementation of 
                        initiatives involving in-demand 
                        industry sectors or occupations;
                          ``(iii) the collection and analysis 
                        of regional labor market data (in 
                        conjunction with the State); and
                          ``(iv) the establishment of 
                        administrative and infrastructural cost 
                        sharing, as appropriate.
                  ``(C) Regional plans.--The State, after 
                consultation with the local boards and chief 
                elected officials for the planning region, 
                shall require the local boards and officials to 
                collaborate in order to prepare, submit, and 
                obtain approval of a single regional plan. Such 
                plan shall include a description of the 
                cooperative initiatives and arrangements 
                developed pursuant to clause (iii) and 
                incorporate local plans for each of the local 
                areas in the planning region, which shall 
                contain strategies that are consistent and 
                aligned with each other.''.
  (b) Composition of the Board and Inclusion of Public 
Libraries.--Section 117(b)(2)(A)(iv) is amended by striking 
``individuals with disabilities and'' and inserting ``public 
libraries, individuals with disabilities, and''.
  (c) Worker Representation.--Section 117(b) is further amended 
by adding at the end the following:
          ``(5) Worker representation.--Not less than 20 
        percent of the Board shall be comprised of 
        representatives of the workforce within the local area, 
        and--
                  ``(A) shall include representatives described 
                in clause (iii) of paragraph (2)(A);
                  ``(B) may include representatives of 
                community-based organizations that have 
                demonstrated experience and expertise in 
                addressing the employment needs of individuals 
                with barriers to employment, including 
                organizations that provide or support 
                competitive, integrated employment for 
                individuals with disabilities; and
                  ``(C) may include representatives of 
                organizations that have demonstrated experience 
                and expertise in addressing the employment, 
                training, or education needs of eligible youth, 
                including representatives of organizations that 
                serve out-of-school youth.''.
  (d) Required Functions of the Local Boards.--Section 117(d) 
is amended--
          (1) in the matter preceding paragraph (1), by 
        striking ``The functions'' and inserting ``Consistent 
        with section 118, the functions'';
          (2) by amending paragraph (1) to read as follows:
          ``(1) Local plan.--The local board, in partnership 
        with the chief elected official for the local area 
        involved, shall develop and submit a local plan to the 
        Governor that meets the requirements in section 118. If 
        the local area is part of a planning region that 
        includes other local areas, the local board shall 
        collaborate with the other local boards and chief 
        elected officials from such other local areas in the 
        development and submission of the local plan as 
        described in section 116(c)(1)(A).''; and
          (3) in paragraph (3)(B)(i)--
                  (A) in subclause (II), by inserting ``or the 
                local board'' after ``entity'';
                  (B) in subclause (III), by inserting ``adult 
                education, literacy and employment services'' 
                after ``workforce investment activities'';
                  (C) in subclause (III)(ii), by adding at the 
                end the following: ``which staff, including 
                staff of a one-stop center, report to and are 
                responsible to the local board and not the 
                chief elected official'';
          (4) in paragraph (4) by striking ``with respect'' 
        through ``in local area'' and inserting ``in its local 
        area over the core programs as described in this Act'';
          (5) in paragraph (8)--
                  (A) in the paragraph heading, by striking 
                ``connecting'' and inserting ``convening'';
                  (B) by striking ``connecting'' and inserting 
                ``convening''; and
                  (C) by adding at the end the following: ``and 
                to link youth, dislocated workers and others to 
                opportunities for employment, internships, 
                registered apprenticeships, or work-based 
                learning''; and
          (6) by adding at the end the following new 
        paragraphs:
          ``(9) Career pathways development.--The local board, 
        in consultation with the State board and with 
        representatives of secondary, postsecondary, career and 
        technical education, and adult education programs, 
        shall lead efforts in the local area to develop and 
        implement career pathways within the local area by 
        aligning the employment, training, education, and 
        supportive services that are needed by adults and 
        youth, particularly individuals with barriers to 
        employment.
          ``(10) Workforce research and regional labor market 
        analysis.--In order to assist in the development and 
        implementation of the local plan, the local board shall 
        coordinate with the State public employment services 
        under the Wagner-Peyser Act (29 U.S.C. 49 et seq.) to--
                  ``(A) utilize analyses of the economic 
                conditions in the region, the needed knowledge 
                and skills for the region, the workforce in the 
                region, and workforce development activities 
                (including education and training) in the 
                region described in section 118(b)(1), and 
                regularly update such information;
                  ``(B) assist the Governor in developing the 
                statewide labor market information system 
                described in section 15(e) of the Wagner-Peyser 
                Act (29 U.S.C. 49l-2(e)), specifically in the 
                collection, analysis, and utilization of labor 
                market information for the region; and
                  ``(C) assemble and utilize such other 
                research, data collection, and analysis related 
                to the workforce needs of the regional economy 
                as the board, after receiving input from a wide 
                array of stakeholders, determines to be 
                necessary to carry out its functions, including 
                consideration of the workforce needs for 
                civilian occupations important to military 
                installations developing strategies across 
                local areas that will enhance civilian 
                employment opportunities on local 
                installations.
          ``(11) Proven and promising practices.--The local 
        board shall lead efforts in the local area to--
                  ``(A) identify and promote proven and 
                promising strategies and initiatives for 
                meeting the needs of employers, and workers and 
                job seekers (including individuals with 
                barriers to employment) in the local workforce 
                investment system, including providing physical 
                and programmatic accessibility, in accordance 
                with section 288 and applicable provisions of 
                the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 (42 
                U.S.C. 12101 et seq.) and section 504 of the 
                Rehabilitation Act of 1973 (29 U.S.C. 794), to 
                the one-stop delivery system; and
                  ``(B) identify and disseminate information, 
                in coordination with the Department of Labor 
                and the State board, on proven and promising 
                practices carried out in other local areas for 
                meeting such needs.
          ``(12) Technology.--The local board shall develop 
        strategies for using technology to maximize the 
        accessibility and effectiveness of the local workforce 
        investment system for employers, and workers and job 
        seekers, by--
                  ``(A) facilitating connections among the 
                reporting systems of the one-stop partner 
                programs to support a comprehensive workforce 
                investment system in the local area;
                  ``(B) facilitating access to services 
                provided throughout the one-stop delivery 
                system involved, including facilitating the 
                access in remote areas;
                  ``(C) identifying strategies for better 
                meeting the needs of individuals with barriers 
                to employment, including strategies that 
                augment traditional service delivery and 
                technologies that increase access to services 
                and programs of the one-stop delivery system 
                for individuals with disabilities and other 
                barriers to employment; and
                  ``(D) leveraging resources and capacity 
                within the local workforce investment system, 
                including resources and capacity for services 
                for individuals with barriers to employment.
          ``(13) Advertising.--The local board shall plan for 
        advertising one-stop services throughout the local 
        area.
          ``(14) Transition.--The local board shall develop 
        strategies to ensure that services provided in the 
        local area are coordinated with and meet the transition 
        goals and services developed for children with 
        disabilities under section 614(d)(1)(A)(i)(VIII) of the 
        Individuals with Disabilities Education Act.
          ``(15) Literacy.--The local board shall ensure that 
        one-stop operators in the local area develop and 
        implement policies to ensure that the literacy and 
        English language skills of an adult or eligible youth 
        are not barriers to accessing services, including 
        training services, that are available to assist 
        individuals obtain and maintain employment.
          ``(16) Sector initiatives.--The local board shall 
        develop and expand sector initiatives in the local area 
        or region which may include the convening of industry 
        or sector partnerships relating to in-demand industry 
        sectors and occupations.''.
  (e) Contents of the Local Plan.--Section 118(b) is amended--
          (1) in paragraph (1), by striking ``an identification 
        of--'' and inserting ``based on a labor market study 
        and input solicited from local businesses, an 
        identification of--''
          (2) by redesignating paragraphs (7) through (10) as 
        paragraphs (8) through (11), respectively, and by 
        inserting after paragraph (6) the following:
          ``(7) a description of how the local board will 
        coordinate workforce investment activities carried out 
        in the local area with apprenticeship programs 
        registered under the National Apprenticeship Act (50 
        Stat. 664, chapter 663; 29 U.S.C. 50 et seq.);''; and
          (3) by adding at the end the following:
          ``(12) a description of the procedure or process for 
        implementing a priority of service for adult employment 
        and training activities in accordance with section 
        134(d)(4)(E); and
          ``(13) a description of how the local board will 
        coordinate workforce investment activities carried out 
        in the local area with employment, training, and 
        literacy services carried out by public libraries.''.

SEC. 114. ADDITIONAL ONE-STOP PROGRAMS AND ACTIVITIES.

  Section 121 is amended--
          (1) in subsection (b)--
                  (A) in paragraph (1)(B)--
                          (i) in clause (xi), by striking ``; 
                        and'' and inserting a semicolon;
                          (ii) in clause (xii), by striking the 
                        period and inserting a semicolon; and
                          (iii) by adding at the end the 
                        following:
                          ``(xiii) programs authorized under 
                        section 212 of the Second Chance Act of 
                        2007 (42 U.S.C. 17532); and
                          ``(xiv) programs authorized under 
                        part A of title IV of the Social 
                        Security Act (42 U.S.C. 601 et seq.), 
                        subject to subparagraph (C).
                  ``(A) Determination by the governor.--
                          ``(i) In general.--An entity that 
                        carries out a program referred to in 
                        subparagraph (B)(xiv) shall be included 
                        in the one-stop partners for the local 
                        area, as a required partner, for 
                        purposes of this Act and the other core 
                        program provisions that are not part of 
                        this Act, unless the Governor provides 
                        the notification described in clause 
                        (ii).
                          ``(ii) Notification.--The 
                        notification referred to in clause (i) 
                        is a notification that--
                                  ``(I) is made in writing of a 
                                determination by the Governor 
                                not to include such entity in 
                                the one-stop partners described 
                                in clause (i); and
                                  ``(II) is provided to the 
                                Secretary and the Secretary of 
                                Health and Human Services.''; 
                                and
                  (B) in paragraph (2)(B), by striking clause 
                (i) and redesignating clauses (ii) through (v) 
                as clauses (i) through (iv), respectively; and
          (2) in subsection (e)--
                  (A) by striking ``If a one-stop'' and 
                inserting:
          ``(1) Existing systems.--If a one-stop''; and
                  (B) by adding at the end the following:
          ``(2) Collocation of wagner-peyser services.--
        Consistent with section 3(d) of the Wagner-Peyser Act 
        (29 U.S.C. 49b(d)), and in order to improve service 
        delivery, avoid duplication of services, and enhance 
        coordination of services, the employment service 
        offices in each State and the one-stop centers 
        established under this title shall be collocated to the 
        extent practicable.
          ``(3) Use of common one-stop delivery system 
        identifier.--Each one-stop delivery system shall 
        include in the identification of products, programs, 
        activities, services, facilities, and related property 
        and materials, a common one-stop delivery identifier. 
        The identifier shall be developed by the Secretary of 
        Labor, in consultation with heads of other appropriate 
        departments and agencies, and representatives of State 
        boards and local boards and of other stakeholders in 
        the one-stop delivery system, not later than the 
        beginning of the second full program year after the 
        date of enactment of this Act. Such common identifier 
        may consist of a logo, phrase, or other identifier that 
        informs users of the one-stop delivery system that such 
        product, programs, activities, services, facilities, 
        property, or materials are being provided through such 
        system. Nothing in this paragraph shall be construed to 
        prohibit one-stop partners, States, or local areas from 
        having additional identifiers.''.

SEC. 115. PROVIDERS OF TRAINING SERVICES.

  Section 122 is amended--
          (1) in subsection (a)--
                  (A) in paragraph (2)--
                          (i) in subparagraph (A)(ii), by 
                        striking ``or certificate'' and 
                        inserting ``recognized postsecondary 
                        credential''; and
                          (ii) in subparagraph (C), by 
                        inserting ``, which may include joint 
                        labor-management organizations, sector 
                        partnerships, and eligible providers of 
                        adult education and literacy activities 
                        under title II if such activities are 
                        provided in combination with 
                        occupational skills training'' before 
                        the period; and
                  (B) by adding at the end the following:
          ``(3) Inclusion on list of eligible providers.--A 
        private provider described in subparagraph (C) of 
        paragraph (2) shall comply with the criteria, 
        information requirements, and procedures established 
        under this section to be included on the list of 
        eligible training services described in paragraph (3). 
        A public provider described in subparagraph (A) and a 
        provider described in subparagraph (B) of paragraph (2) 
        shall be included and maintained on the list of 
        eligible providers of training services described in 
        subsection (d) for so long as they comply with the 
        requirements of this section and for so long as a 
        provider described in subparagraph (B) remains 
        registered as described in such subparagraph.'';
          (2) in subsection (d)(1)(A) is amended by adding at 
        the end the following:
                          ``(iii) information on the 
                        performance of the provider with 
                        respect to the performance 
                        accountability measures described in 
                        section 136 for such participants 
                        (taking into consideration the 
                        characteristics of the population 
                        served and relevant economic 
                        conditions), and information specifying 
                        the percentage of such participants who 
                        entered unsubsidized employment in an 
                        occupation related to the program, to 
                        the extent practicable; and
                          ``(iv) information on secondary or 
                        postsecondary diploma or its recognized 
                        equivalent, or recognized postsecondary 
                        credentials received by such 
                        participants; and'';
          (3) in subsection (e), by inserting after the first 
        sentence the following: ``The list of providers shall 
        also be based on the identified labor market needs of 
        employers in the local area based on input solicited 
        from local business and identified in the local plan 
        pursuant to section 118(b)(1).''; and
          (4) in subsection (h)--
                  (A) in the subsection heading, by striking 
                ``or Customized Training'' and inserting 
                ``Incumbent Worker Training, Customized 
                Training, and Other Training Exceptions''; and
                  (B) in paragraph (1), by striking ``or 
                customized training'' and inserting ``incumbent 
                worker training, customized training, 
                internships, and paid or unpaid work experience 
                opportunities, or transitional employment''.

SEC. 116. YOUTH ACTIVITIES.

  (a) Definition of Disadvantaged Youth and State Allotments.--
Section 127 is amended--
          (1) by amending subsection (a) to read as follows:
  ``(a) In General.--The Secretary shall use the amount 
appropriated under section 137(a) for a fiscal year to make 
allotments and grants in accordance with subparagraphs (A) and 
(B) of subsection (b)(1) and make funds available for use under 
section 166 (relating to Native American programs).'';
          (2) in subsection (b)--
                  (A) in paragraph (1), by striking 
                subparagraph (A) and redesignating 
                subparagraphs (B) and (C) as subparagraphs (A) 
                and (B), respectively; and
                  (B) in paragraph (2) by amending subparagraph 
                (C) to read as follows:
                  ``(C) Disadvantaged youth.--Subject to 
                paragraph (3), the term `disadvantaged youth' 
                means an individual who--
                          ``(i) is age 16 through 24; and
                          ``(ii) received an income, or is a 
                        member of a family that received a 
                        total family income, that, in relation 
                        to family size, does not exceed 150 
                        percent of the poverty line.''; and
          (3) in subsection (c), by amending paragraph (2) to 
        read as follows:
          ``(2) Amount.--The amount available for reallotment 
        for a program year is equal to the amount by which the 
        unobligated balance from State allotments to the State 
        at the end of the program year prior to the program 
        year for which the determination is made, exceeds 10 
        percent of the total amount of funds available to the 
        State for that prior program year, consisting of the 
        State allotment to the State for such prior program 
        year (including amounts from State allotments to the 
        State, for all program years before that prior program 
        year) that remained available.''.
  (b) Within State Allocations.--Section 128(c)(2) is amended 
to read as follows:
          ``(2) Amount.--
                  ``(A) In general.--The amount available for 
                allocation for a program year is equal to the 
                amount by which the balance that is unobligated 
                and unencumbered for training services at the 
                end of the program year prior to the program 
                year for which the determination is made, 
                exceeds 10 percent of the total amount of funds 
                available to the local area for that prior 
                program year, consisting of the local 
                allocation to the local area for such prior 
                program year (including amounts from local 
                allocations to the local area, for all program 
                years before that prior program year) that 
                remained available.
                  ``(B) Balance of funds.--For purposes of this 
                paragraph, the balance that is unobligated and 
                unencumbered for training services is the 
                amount that is the difference between--
                          ``(i) the total amount of funds 
                        available to the local area under this 
                        section for that prior program year 
                        consisting of the local allocation to 
                        the local area for such prior program 
                        year (including amounts from local 
                        allocations to the local area for all 
                        program years before that prior program 
                        year) that remained available; and
                          ``(ii) the amount, from that total 
                        amount of available funds, that is 
                        obligated or encumbered (in accordance 
                        with generally accepted accounting 
                        principles) for training services 
                        during such prior program year, except 
                        that for purposes of this paragraph the 
                        amount included as encumbered for 
                        raining services shall not exceed 10 
                        percent of the total amount of 
                        available funds described in clause 
                        (i).''.
  (c) Required Statewide Youth Activities.--Section 129(b)(2) 
is amended--
          (1) in subparagraph (C)--
                  (A) by inserting ``, or that fail to meet 
                local performance accountability measures,'' 
                after ``concentrations of eligible youth''; and
                  (B) by striking the period at the end and 
                inserting ``; and''; and
          (2) by adding at the end the following new 
        subparagraph:
                  ``(D) providing technical assistance to, as 
                appropriate, local boards, one-stop operators, 
                and eligible providers, including support for 
                the training or staff in evidence-based 
                practices for serving eligible youth (including 
                joint training) and facilitating remote access 
                to services provided through the one-stop 
                delivery system.''.
  (d) Local Elements and Requirements.--Section 129(c) is 
amended--
          (1) in paragraph (1)--
                  (A) in subparagraph (B), by striking ``shall 
                identify an'' and inserting ``shall identify 
                career pathways that include education and 
                employment goals''; and
                  (B) in subparagraph (C)--
                          (i) in clause (i), by striking ``, in 
                        appropriate cases'';
                          (ii) in clause (ii), by striking 
                        ``strong linkages between academic and 
                        occupational learning'' and inserting 
                        ``activities leading to the attainment 
                        of a secondary school diploma or its 
                        recognized equivalent, or a recognized 
                        postsecondary credential''; and
                          (iii) in clause (iv)--
                                  (I) by inserting ``employers, 
                                including small employers, and 
                                in-demand occupations'' after 
                                ``effective connections to''; 
                                and
                                  (II) by striking subclauses 
                                (I) and (II);
          (2) in paragraph (2)--
                  (A) by striking subparagraph (C) and 
                redesignating subparagraphs (D) through (J) as 
                subparagraphs (C) through (I), respectively;
                  (B) in subparagraph (C) (as so 
                redesignated)--
                          (i) by striking ``work experiences as 
                        appropriate,'' and inserting ``work 
                        experiences that include academic, area 
                        career and technical education or 
                        occupational education to ensure youth 
                        are college and career ready,''; and
                          (ii) after ``including internships,'' 
                        by inserting ``summer employment, pre-
                        apprenticeships programs, on-the-job 
                        training,'';
                  (C) in subparagraph (E) (as so redesignated), 
                by inserting ``such as youth service and 
                conservation corps,'' after ``include community 
                service'';
                  (D) in subparagraph (F) (as so redesignated), 
                by inserting ``, financial literacy education, 
                and entrepreneurial skills training'' after 
                ``supportive services''; and
                  (E) in subparagraph (I) (as so redesignated), 
                after ``which'', by inserting ``shall include 
                career counseling and career exploration 
                services, as appropriate, and'';
          (3) in paragraph (3)(C), by inserting ``and family 
        members, mentors,'' after ``parents''; and
          (4) by amending paragraph (4)(A) to read as follows:
                  ``(A) In general.--For any program year, not 
                less than 60 percent of the funds described in 
                paragraph (1) shall be used to provide youth 
                workforce investment activities for out-of-
                school youth.''.

SEC. 117. ADULT AND DISLOCATED WORKER TRAINING ACTIVITIES.

  (a) Definition of Disadvantaged Adult.--Section 
132(b)(1)(v)(IV) is amended by striking ``does not exceed and 
all that follow'' and inserting ``150 percent of the poverty 
line.''.
  (b) Reallotment.--Section 132(c)(2) is amended to read as 
follows:
          ``(2) Amount.--The amount available for reallotment 
        for a program year is equal to the amount by which the 
        unobligated balance from State allotments to the State 
        at the end of the program year prior to the program 
        year for which the determination is made, exceeds 10 
        percent of the total amount of funds available to the 
        State for that prior program year, consisting of the 
        State allotment to the State for such prior program 
        year (including amounts from State allotments to the 
        State, for all program years before that prior program 
        year) that remained available.''.
  (c) Transfer Authority.--Section 133(b)(4) is amended by 
striking ``20 percent'' both places it appears and inserting 
``30 percent''.
  (d) Within State Reallocation.--Section 133(c) 2 is amended 
to read as follows:
          ``(2) Amount.--
                  ``(A) In general.--The amount available for 
                allocation for a program year is equal to the 
                amount by which the balance that is unobligated 
                and unencumbered for training services at the 
                end of the program year prior to the program 
                year for which the determination is made, 
                exceeds 10 percent of the total amount of funds 
                available to the local area for that prior 
                program year, consisting of the local 
                allocation to the local area for such prior 
                program year (including amounts from local 
                allocations to the local area, for all program 
                years before that prior program year) that 
                remained available.
                  ``(B) Balance of funds.--For purposes of this 
                paragraph, the balance that is unobligated and 
                unencumbered for training services is the 
                amount that is the difference between--
                          ``(i) the total amount of funds 
                        available to the local area under this 
                        section for that prior program year 
                        consisting of the local allocation to 
                        the local area for such prior program 
                        year (including amounts from local 
                        allocations to the local area for all 
                        program years before that prior program 
                        year) that remained available; and
                          ``(ii) the amount, from that total 
                        amount of available funds, that is 
                        obligated or encumbered (in accordance 
                        with generally accepted accounting 
                        principles) for training services 
                        during such prior program year, except 
                        that for purposes of this paragraph the 
                        amount included as encumbered for 
                        raining services shall not exceed 10 
                        percent of the total amount of 
                        available funds described in clause 
                        (i).''.
  (e) Use of Unobligated Rapid-Response Funds.--Section 
134(a)(2) is amended--
          (1) in subparagraph (A)--
                  (A) by redesignating clauses (i) and (ii) as 
                subclauses (I) and (II), respectively;
                  (B) by striking ``A State shall use'' and 
                inserting:
                          ``(i) In general.--A State shall 
                        use''; and
                  (C) by adding at the end the following:
                          ``(ii) Use of unobligated funds.--
                        Funds reserved by a Governor under 
                        section 133(a)(2) to carry out this 
                        subparagraph that remain unobligated 
                        after the first program year for which 
                        such funds were allotted may be used by 
                        the Governor to carry out statewide 
                        activities authorized under 
                        subparagraph (B) or paragraph (3)(A), 
                        in addition to activities under this 
                        subparagraph.''; and
          (2) in subparagraph (B)--
                  (A) in clause (v), by striking ``; and'' and 
                inserting a semicolon;
                  (B) in clause (vi), by striking the period 
                and inserting ``; and''; and
                  (C) by adding at the end the following new 
                clause:
                          ``(vii) developing, implementing, and 
                        using layoff aversion strategies in 
                        collaboration with appropriate economic 
                        development and private sector 
                        entities, for implementation of 
                        strategies that may include early 
                        identification of firms at risk of 
                        layoffs, use of feasability studies to 
                        assess the needs of and options for at-
                        risk firms and the delivery of 
                        employment, training, economic 
                        development, investment and financial 
                        restructuring activities to address 
                        identified risk factors.''.
  (f) Shared Services.--Section 134(d)(1)(B) is amended--
          (1) by striking ``A portion'' and inserting the 
        following:
                          ``(i) In general.--A portion''; and
          (2) by adding at the end the following:
                          ``(ii) Additional costs of one-
                        stop.--Subject to the memorandum of 
                        understanding described in section 
                        121(c) for the one-stop delivery system 
                        involved, in addition to the funds 
                        provided for one-stop infrastructure 
                        described in section 137(d), a portion 
                        of funds made available under Federal 
                        law authorizing the programs described 
                        in section 121(b) and administered by 
                        one-stop partners, or the noncash 
                        resources available under such 
                        programs, shall be used to pay the 
                        additional costs relating to the 
                        operation of the one-stop delivery 
                        system that are not paid from the funds 
                        provided under section 137(d), as 
                        determined in accordance with clause 
                        (iv), to the extent not inconsistent 
                        with the Federal law involved. Such 
                        costs shall include the costs of the 
                        provision of core services described in 
                        section 134(d)(2) applicable to each 
                        program and may include common costs 
                        that are not paid from the funds 
                        provided under section 137(d).
                          ``(iii) Shared services.--Costs of 
                        shared services may include costs of 
                        services that are authorized for and 
                        may be commonly provided through the 
                        one-stop partner programs to any 
                        individuals, such as initial intake, 
                        assessment of needs, appraisal of basic 
                        skills, identification of appropriate 
                        services to meet such needs, referrals 
                        to other one-stop partners, and other 
                        similar services.
                          ``(iv) Determination and guidance.--
                        The method for determining the 
                        appropriate portion of funds and 
                        noncash resources to be provided by the 
                        one-stop partner for each program for a 
                        one-stop center shall be determined as 
                        part of the development of the 
                        memorandum or understanding under 
                        subsection (c) for the one-stop center 
                        and shall be stated in the memorandum. 
                        The State board shall provide guidance 
                        to facilitate the determination, for 
                        purposes of the memorandum of 
                        understanding, of an appropriate 
                        allocation of the funds and noncash 
                        resources in local areas.''.
  (g) Training Services.--Section 134(d)(4) is amended--
          (1) in subparagraph (B), by adding at the end the 
        following:
                          ``(iii) Rule of construction.--
                        Nothing in this paragraph shall be 
                        construed to require an individual to 
                        receive core or intensive services 
                        under paragraphs (2) or (3), 
                        respectively, prior to receiving 
                        training services under this 
                        paragraph.'';
          (2) in subparagraph (D)--
                  (A) in clause (ix), by striking ``; and'' and 
                inserting a semicolon; and
                  (B) by adding at the end the following:
                          ``(x) education, training, and skill 
                        upgrading for individuals to work and 
                        maintain proficiency as workplace 
                        learning advisors in programs sponsored 
                        by employers or joint labor-management 
                        partnerships.'';
          (3) in subparagraph (E)--
                  (A) by striking ``In the event'' through 
                ``priority'' and inserting ``With respect to 
                funds allocated to a local area for adult 
                employment and training activities, priority'';
                  (B) by inserting ``individuals with barriers 
                to employment'' after ``public assistance and 
                other''; and
                  (C) by striking ``making determination 
                related to'' and inserting ``implementing'';
          (4) by striking subparagraph (G) and inserting the 
        following:
                  ``(G) Use of individual training accounts.--
                          ``(i) In general.--Except as provided 
                        in clause (ii), training services 
                        provided under this paragraph shall be 
                        provided through the use of individual 
                        training accounts in accordance with 
                        this paragraph, and shall be provided 
                        to eligible individuals through the 
                        one-stop delivery system.
                          ``(ii) Training contracts.--Training 
                        services authorized under this 
                        paragraph may be provided pursuant to a 
                        contract for services in lieu of an 
                        individual training account if--
                                  ``(I) the requirements of 
                                subparagraph (F) are met;
                                  ``(II) such services are on-
                                the-job training, registered 
                                apprenticeships, customized 
                                training, incumbent worker 
                                training, entrpreneurial skills 
                                training, or transitional 
                                employment;
                                  ``(III) the local board 
                                determines there are an 
                                insufficient number of eligible 
                                providers of training services 
                                in the local area involved 
                                (such as in a rural area) to 
                                accomplish the purposes of a 
                                system of individual training 
                                accounts;
                                  ``(IV) the local board 
                                determines that there is a 
                                training services program of 
                                demonstrated effectiveness 
                                offered in the local area by a 
                                community-based organization or 
                                another private organization to 
                                serve individuals with barriers 
                                to employment; or
                                  ``(V) the local board 
                                determines that it would be 
                                most appropriate to award a 
                                contract to an institution of 
                                higher education or other 
                                eligible provider of training 
                                services, including area career 
                                and technical education centers 
                                in order to facilitate the 
                                training of multiple 
                                individuals in in-demand 
                                industry sectors or occupations 
                                and that such contract does not 
                                limit customer choice.
                          ``(iii) Linkage to occupations in 
                        demand.--Training services provided 
                        under this paragraph shall be directly 
                        linked to an in-demand industry sector 
                        or occupation in the local area or 
                        region, or in another area to which an 
                        adult or dislocated worker receiving 
                        such services is willing to relocate, 
                        except that a local board may approve 
                        training services for occupations 
                        determined by the local board to be in 
                        sectors of the economy that have a high 
                        potential for sustained demand or 
                        growth in the local area.
                          ``(iv) Rule of construction.--Nothing 
                        in this paragraph shall be construed to 
                        preclude the combined use of individual 
                        training accounts and contracts in the 
                        provision of training services, 
                        including arrangements that allow 
                        individuals receiving individual 
                        training accounts to obtain training 
                        services that are contracted for under 
                        clause (ii).''; and
          (5) by adding at the end the following:
                  ``(H) Reimbursement for on-the-job 
                training.--
                          ``(i) Reimbursement level.--For 
                        purposes of the provision of on-the-job 
                        training under this paragraph, the 
                        Governor or local board involved may 
                        increase the amount of the 
                        reimbursement described in section 
                        101(31) to an amount of up to 75 
                        percent of the wage rate of a 
                        participant for a program carried out 
                        under this chapter, if, respectively--
                                  ``(I) the Governor approves 
                                the increase with respect to a 
                                program carried out with funds 
                                reserved by the State under 
                                that chapter, taking into 
                                account the factors described 
                                in clause (ii); or
                                  ``(II) the local board 
                                approves the increase with 
                                respect to a program carried 
                                out with funds allocated to a 
                                local area under such chapter, 
                                taking into account those 
                                factors.
                          ``(ii) Factors.--For purposes of 
                        clause (i), the Governor or local 
                        board, respectively, shall take into 
                        account factors consisting of--
                                  ``(I) the characteristics of 
                                the participants;
                                  ``(II) the size and resources 
                                of the employer;
                                  ``(III) the likely employment 
                                opportunities available to 
                                workers who complete an on-the-
                                job training program; and
                                  ``(IV) such other factors as 
                                the Governor or local board, 
                                respectively, may determine to 
                                be appropriate, which may 
                                include the number of employees 
                                participating in the training, 
                                wage and benefit levels of 
                                those employees (at present and 
                                anticipated upon completion of 
                                the training), relation of the 
                                training to the competitiveness 
                                of a participant, and other 
                                employer-provided training and 
                                advancement opportunities.''.
  (h) Incumbent Worker Training Programs and Transitional 
Jobs.--Section 134(e) is amended--
          (1) in paragraph (1)--
                  (A) in subparagraph (A), by striking ``; 
                and'' and inserting a semicolon;
                  (B) in subparagraph (B), by striking the 
                period at the end and inserting ``; and''; and
                  (C) by adding at the end the following:
                  ``(C) work support activities designed to 
                assist low-wage workers in retaining and 
                enhancing employment, such as the provision of 
                activities described in this section during 
                nontraditional hours and the provision of child 
                care while such activities are being 
                provided.''; and
          (2) by adding at the end the following new 
        paragraphs:
          ``(4) Incumbent worker training programs.--
                  ``(A) In general.--
                          ``(i) Standard reservation of 
                        funds.--Except as provided in clause 
                        (ii), the local board may reserve and 
                        use not more than 15 percent of the 
                        funds allocated to the local area 
                        involved under section 133(b) to pay 
                        for the Federal share of the cost of 
                        providing training through a training 
                        program for incumbent workers, carried 
                        out in accordance with this paragraph.
                          ``(ii) Increased reservation of 
                        funds.--If the local board determines 
                        that there is sufficient evidence that 
                        use of the funds reserved under clause 
                        (i) led to employee retention by and 
                        contributed to creation of new jobs 
                        with employers that participated in 
                        incumbent worker training programs, the 
                        local board may reserve and use not 
                        more than a total of 20 percent of such 
                        funds to pay for the Federal share of 
                        such costs.
                          ``(iii) Determination of 
                        eligibility.--For the purpose of 
                        determining the eligibility of an 
                        employer to receive funding under 
                        clause (i), the local board shall take 
                        into account factors consisting of--
                                  ``(I) the characteristics of 
                                the participants in the 
                                program;
                                  ``(II) the relationship of 
                                the training to the 
                                competitiveness of a 
                                participant and the employer; 
                                and
                                  ``(III) such other factors as 
                                the local board may determine 
                                to be appropriate, which may 
                                include the number of employees 
                                participating in the training, 
                                the wage and benefit levels of 
                                those employees (at present and 
                                anticipated upon completion of 
                                the training), and the 
                                existence of other training and 
                                advancement opportunities 
                                provided by the employer.
                          ``(iv) Statewide impact.--The 
                        Governor or State board involved may 
                        make recommendations to the local board 
                        for providing incumbent worker training 
                        that has statewide impact.
                  ``(B) Training activities.--The training 
                program for incumbent workers carried out under 
                this paragraph shall be carried out by the 
                local board in conjunction with the employers 
                or groups of employers of such workers, or a 
                labor-management partnership, including joint 
                registered apprenticeship programs, for the 
                purpose of assisting such workers in obtaining 
                the skills necessary to retain employment or 
                avert layoffs.
                  ``(C) Employer payment of non-federal 
                share.--Employers participating in the program 
                carried out under this paragraph shall be 
                required to pay for the non-Federal share of 
                the cost of providing the training to incumbent 
                workers of the employers.
                  ``(D) Non-federal share.--
                          ``(i) Factors.--Subject to clause 
                        (ii), the local board shall establish 
                        the non-Federal share of such cost 
                        (taking into consideration such other 
                        factors as the number of employees 
                        participating in the training, the wage 
                        and benefit levels of the employees (at 
                        the beginning and anticipated upon 
                        completion of the training), the 
                        relationship of the training to the 
                        competitiveness of the employer and 
                        employees, and the availability of 
                        other employer-provided training and 
                        advancement opportunities).
                          ``(ii) Limits.--The non-Federal share 
                        shall not be less than--
                                  ``(I) 10 percent of the cost 
                                for employers with not more 
                                than 50 employees;
                                  ``(II) 25 percent of the 
                                cost, for employers with more 
                                than 50 employees but not more 
                                than 100 employees; and
                                  ``(III) 50 percent of the 
                                cost, for employers with more 
                                than 100 employees.
                          ``(iii) Calculation of employer 
                        share.--The non-Federal share provided 
                        by an employer participating in the 
                        program may include the amount of the 
                        wages paid by the employer to a worker 
                        while the worker is attending a 
                        training program under this paragraph.
                  ``(E) Worker protections.--If an incumbent 
                worker training program is proposed for an 
                employer whose workers are covered by a 
                collective bargaining agreement, the union 
                representing those workers will be consulted 
                regarding the incumbent worker training program 
                and concur prior to the start of the program.
          ``(5) Transitional jobs.--The local board may use not 
        more than 15 percent of the funds allocated to the 
        local area involved under section 133(b) to provide 
        transitional jobs under subsection (c)(4) that--
                  ``(A) are time-limited work experiences in 
                integrated settings that are subsidized and are 
                in the public, private, or nonprofit sectors 
                for individuals with barriers to employment who 
                are chronically unemployed, have no employment 
                experience or have an inconsistent work 
                history;
                  ``(B) are combined with comprehensive 
                employment and supportive services;
                  ``(C) are designed to assist the individuals 
                described in subparagraph (A) to establish a 
                work history, demonstrate success in the 
                workplace, and develop the skills that lead to 
                entry into and retention in unsubsidized 
                employment; and
                  ``(D) assist in placement or hiring to an 
                unsubsidized job.''.

SEC. 118. UNIFIED PERFORMANCE ACCOUNTABILITY SYSTEM.

  Section 136 is amended to read as follows:

``SEC. 136. UNIFIED PERFORMANCE ACCOUNTABILITY SYSTEM.

  ``(a) Purpose.--The purpose of this section is to establish 
shared performance accountability measures that apply across 
the core programs to assess the effectiveness of States and 
local areas in achieving positive outcomes for individuals 
served by those programs.
  ``(b) State Unified Performance Accountability Measures.--
          ``(1) In general.--For each State, the unified 
        performance accountability measures for the core 
        programs shall consist of--
                  ``(A)(i) the primary indicators of 
                performance described in paragraph (2)(A); and
                  ``(ii) the additional indicators of 
                performance (if any) identified by the State 
                under paragraph (2)(B); and
                  ``(B) A State adjusted level of performance 
                for each indicator described in subparagraph 
                (A).
          ``(2) Indicators of performance.--
                  ``(A) Primary indicators of performance.--
                          ``(i) In general.--The State primary 
                        indicators of performance for 
                        activities provided under the adult and 
                        dislocated worker programs authorized 
                        under chapter 6 of subtitle B of title 
                        I, the program of adult education and 
                        literacy activities authorized under 
                        title II, the employment services 
                        program authorized under sections 1 
                        through 13 of the Wagner-Peyser Act (29 
                        U.S.C. 49 et seq.) (except that 
                        subclauses (IV) and (V) shall not apply 
                        to such program), and the program 
                        authorized under title I of the 
                        Rehabilitation Act of 1973 (29 U.S.C. 
                        720 et seq.), other than section 112 or 
                        part C of that title (29 U.S.C. 732, 
                        741), shall consist of--
                                  ``(I) the percentage and 
                                number of program participants 
                                who are in unsubsidized 
                                employment during the second 
                                quarter after exit from the 
                                program;
                                  ``(II) the percentage and 
                                number of program participants 
                                who are in unsubsidized 
                                employment during the fourth 
                                quarter after exit from the 
                                program;
                                  ``(III) the median earnings 
                                of program participants who are 
                                in unsubsidized employment 
                                during the second quarter after 
                                exit from the program compared 
                                to the median earnings of such 
                                participants prior to the 
                                training;
                                  ``(IV) the percentage of 
                                program participants who obtain 
                                a recognized postsecondary 
                                credential, including in a 
                                registered apprenticeship or 
                                on-the-job training program, or 
                                a secondary school diploma or 
                                its recognized equivalent 
                                (subject to clause (iii)), 
                                during participation in or 
                                within 1 year after exit from 
                                the program;
                                  ``(V) the percentage of 
                                program participants who, 
                                during a program year, are in 
                                an education or training 
                                program, including a registered 
                                apprenticeship or on-the-job 
                                training program, that leads to 
                                a recognized postsecondary 
                                credential or a secondary 
                                school diploma or its 
                                recognized equivalent, or 
                                employment and who are 
                                achieving measurable basic 
                                skill gains toward such a 
                                credential or employment; and
                                  ``(VI) the indicators of 
                                effectiveness in serving 
                                employers established pursuant 
                                to clause (iv).
                          ``(ii) Primary indicators of 
                        performance for eligible youth.--The 
                        primary indicators of performance for 
                        the youth program authorized under 
                        chapter 4 of this subtitle shall 
                        consist of--
                                  ``(I) the percentage and 
                                number of program participants 
                                who are in education or 
                                training activities, or in 
                                unsubsidized employment during 
                                the second quarter after exit 
                                from the program;
                                  ``(II) the percentage and 
                                number of program participants 
                                who are in education or 
                                training activities, or in 
                                unsubsidized employment, during 
                                the fourth quarter after exit 
                                from the program;
                                  ``(III) the median earnings 
                                of program participants who are 
                                in unsubsidized employment 
                                during the second quarter after 
                                exit from the program compared 
                                to the median earnings of such 
                                participants prior to the 
                                training;
                                  ``(IV) the percentage of 
                                program participants who obtain 
                                a recognized postsecondary 
                                credential described in clause 
                                (i)(IV), or a secondary school 
                                diploma or its recognized 
                                equivalent subject to clause 
                                (iii) during participation in 
                                or within 1 year after exit 
                                from the program;
                                  ``(V) the percentage of 
                                program participants who, 
                                during a program year, are in 
                                an education or training 
                                program that leads to a 
                                recognized postsecondary 
                                credential or a secondary 
                                school diploma or its 
                                recognized equivalent, or 
                                employment and who are 
                                achieving measurable basic 
                                skill gains toward such a 
                                secondary credential or 
                                employment; and
                                  ``(VI) the indicators of 
                                effectiveness in serving 
                                employers established pursuant 
                                to clause (iv).
                          ``(iii) Indicator relating to 
                        credential.--For purposes of clause 
                        (i)(IV) or (ii)(IV), program 
                        participants who obtain a secondary 
                        school diploma or its recognized 
                        equivalent shall be included in the 
                        percentage counted as meeting the 
                        criterion under such clause only if 
                        such participants, in addition to 
                        obtaining such diploma or its 
                        recognized equivalent, have obtained or 
                        retained employment, have been removed 
                        from public assistance, or are in an 
                        education or training program leading 
                        to a recognized postsecondary 
                        credential described in clause (i)(IV) 
                        within 1 year after exit from the 
                        program.
                          ``(iv) Indicator for services to 
                        employers.--Prior to the commencement 
                        of the second full program year after 
                        the date of enactment of this Act, for 
                        purposes of clauses (i)(VI) and 
                        (ii)(V), the Secretary of Labor and the 
                        Secretary of Education after 
                        consultation with the representatives 
                        described in subsection (h)(2), shall 
                        jointly develop and establish, for 
                        purposes of this subparagraph, 1 or 
                        more primary indicators of performance 
                        that indicate the effectiveness of the 
                        core programs in serving employers.
                  ``(B) Additional indicators.--A State may 
                identify in the State plan additional 
                performance accountability indicators.
          ``(3) Levels of performance.--
                  ``(A) State adjusted levels of performance 
                for primary indicators.--
                          ``(i) In general.--For each State 
                        submitting a State plan, there shall be 
                        established, in accordance with this 
                        subparagraph, levels of performance for 
                        each of the corresponding primary 
                        indicators of performance described in 
                        paragraph (2) for each of the programs 
                        described in clause (ii).
                          ``(ii) Included programs.--The 
                        programs included under clause (i) 
                        are--
                                  ``(I) the youth program 
                                authorized under chapter 4 of 
                                this subtitle;
                                  ``(II) the adult program 
                                authorized under chapter 5 of 
                                this subtitle;
                                  ``(III) the dislocated worker 
                                program authorized under 
                                chapter 5 of this subtitle;
                                  ``(IV) the program of adult 
                                education and literacy 
                                activities authorized under 
                                title II;
                                  ``(V) the employment services 
                                program authorized under 
                                sections 1 through 13 of the 
                                Wagner-Peyser Act (29 U.S.C. 49 
                                et seq.); and
                                  ``(VI) the program authorized 
                                under title I of the 
                                Rehabilitation Act of 1973 (29 
                                U.S.C. 720 et seq.), other than 
                                section 112 or part C of that 
                                title (29 U.S.C. 732, 741).
                          ``(iii) Identification of state 
                        plan.--Each State shall identify, in 
                        the State plan, expected levels of 
                        performance for each of the 
                        corresponding primary indicators of 
                        performance for each of the programs 
                        described in clause (ii) for the first 
                        2 program years covered by the State 
                        plan.
                          ``(iv) Agreement of state adjusted 
                        levels of performance.--
                                  ``(I) First 2 years.--The 
                                State shall reach agreement 
                                with the Secretary of Labor and 
                                the Secretary of Education on 
                                levels of performance for each 
                                indicator described in clause 
                                (iii) for each of the programs 
                                described in clause (ii) for 
                                each of the first 2 program 
                                years covered by the State 
                                plan. In reaching the 
                                agreement, the State and 
                                Secretaries shall take into 
                                account the levels identified 
                                in the State plan under clause 
                                (iii) and the factors described 
                                in clause (v). The levels 
                                agreed to shall be considered 
                                to be the State adjusted levels 
                                of performance for the State 
                                for such program years and 
                                shall be incorporated into the 
                                State plan prior to the 
                                approval of such plan.
                                  ``(II) Third and fourth 
                                year.--The State and the 
                                Secretaries shall reach 
                                agreement, prior to the third 
                                program year covered by the 
                                State plan, on levels of 
                                performance for each indicator 
                                described in clause (iii) for 
                                each of the programs described 
                                in clause (ii) for each of the 
                                third and fourth program years 
                                covered by the State plan. In 
                                reaching the agreement, the 
                                State and Secretaries shall 
                                take into account the factors 
                                described in clause (v). The 
                                levels agreed to shall be 
                                considered to be the State 
                                adjusted levels of performance 
                                for the State for such program 
                                years and shall be incorporated 
                                into the State plan as a 
                                modification to the plan.
                          ``(v) Factors.--In reaching the 
                        agreements described in clause (iv), 
                        the State and Secretaries shall--
                                  ``(I) take into account how 
                                the levels involved compare 
                                with the State adjusted levels 
                                of performance established for 
                                other States;
                                  ``(II) ensure that the levels 
                                involved are adjusted, using 
                                the objective statistical model 
                                established by the Secretaries 
                                pursuant to clause (viii), 
                                based on the difference among 
                                States in economic conditions 
                                (including differences in 
                                unemployment rates and job 
                                losses or gains in particular 
                                industries) and the 
                                characteristics of participants 
                                when the participants entered 
                                the program involved, including 
                                indicators of poor work 
                                history, lack of work 
                                experience, lack of educational 
                                or occupational skills 
                                attainment, dislocation from 
                                high-wage and high-benefit 
                                employment, low levels of 
                                literacy or English 
                                proficiency, disability status, 
                                homelessness, ex-offender 
                                status, and welfare dependency;
                                  ``(III) take into account the 
                                extent to which the levels 
                                involved promote continuous 
                                improvement in performance 
                                accountability on the 
                                performance accountability 
                                measures by such State and 
                                ensure optimal return on the 
                                investment of Federal funds; 
                                and
                                  ``(IV) take into account the 
                                extent to which the levels 
                                involved will assist the State 
                                in meeting the goals described 
                                in clause (vi).
                          ``(vi) Goals.--In order to promote 
                        enhanced performance outcomes and to 
                        facilitate the process of reaching 
                        agreements with the States under clause 
                        (iv), the Secretary of labor and the 
                        Secretary of Education shall establish 
                        performance goals for the core 
                        programs, in accordance with the 
                        Government Performance and Results Act 
                        of 1993 and in consultation with States 
                        and other appropriate parties. Such 
                        goals shall be long-term goals for the 
                        adjusted levels of performance to be 
                        achieved by each of the programs 
                        described in clause (ii) regarding the 
                        corresponding primary indicators of 
                        performance described in paragraph 
                        (2)(A).
                          ``(vii) Revisions based on economic 
                        conditions and individuals served 
                        during the program year.--The Secretary 
                        of Labor and the Secretary of Education 
                        shall, in accordance with the objective 
                        statistical model developed pursuant to 
                        clause (viii), revise the State 
                        adjusted levels of performance 
                        applicable for each of the programs 
                        described in clause (ii), for a program 
                        year and a State, to reflect the 
                        economic conditions and characteristics 
                        of participants (as described in clause 
                        (v)(II)) in that program during such 
                        program year in a such State.
                          ``(viii) Statistical adjustment 
                        model.--The Secretary of Labor and the 
                        Secretary of Education, after 
                        consultation with the representatives 
                        described in subsection (h)(2), shall 
                        develop and disseminate an objective 
                        statistical model that will be used to 
                        make the adjustments in the State 
                        adjusted levels of performance for 
                        economic conditions and characteristics 
                        of participants under clauses (v) and 
                        (vii).
                  ``(B) Levels of performance for additional 
                indicators.--The State may identify, in the 
                State plan, State levels of performance for 
                each of the additional indicators identified 
                under paragraph (2)(B). Such levels shall be 
                considered to be State adjusted levels of 
                performance for purposes of this section.
                  ``(C) Alternate guidelines for measuring 
                performance for entrepreneurial training 
                services.--The Secretary of Labor shall 
                establish alternate guidelines for measuring 
                the progress of State and local performance for 
                entrepreneurial training services, as 
                authorized in section 134(d)(4)(D)(vi) and 
                provide the State and local Workforce 
                Investment Boards with specific guidance on 
                successful approaches to collecting performance 
                information on entrepreneurial self employment. 
                In determining the alternate guidelines, the 
                Secretary shall consider utilizing a State's 
                waiver authority, as authorized in section 
                189(i)(4).
  ``(c) Local Performance Accountability Measures.--
          ``(1) In general.--For each local area in a State 
        designated under section 116, the local performance 
        accountability measures for each of the program 
        described in subclauses (I) through (III) of subsection 
        (b)(3)(A)(ii) shall consist of--
                  ``(A)(i) the primary indicators of 
                performance described in subsection (b)(2)(A) 
                that are applicable to such programs; and
                  ``(ii) additional indicators of performance, 
                if any, identified by the State for such 
                programs under subsection (b)(2)(B); and
                  ``(B) the local level of performance for each 
                indicator described in subparagraph (A).
          ``(2) Local level of performance.--The local board, 
        the chief elected official, and the Governor shall 
        negotiate and reach agreement on local levels of 
        performance based on the State adjusted levels of 
        performance established under subsection (b)(3)(A).
          ``(3) Adjustment factors.--In negotiating the local 
        levels of performance, the local board, the chief 
        elected official, and the Governor shall make 
        adjustments for the expected economic conditions and 
        the expected characteristics of participants to be 
        served in the local area, using the statistical 
        adjustment model developed pursuant to subsection 
        (b)(3)(A)(viii). In addition, the negotiated local 
        levels of performance applicable to a program year 
        shall be revised to reflect the economic conditions 
        experienced and the characteristics of the populations 
        served in the local area during such program year using 
        the statistical adjustment model.
  ``(d) Performance Accountability Reports.--
          ``(1) In general.--Not later than 6 months after the 
        date of enactment of the Workforce Investment Act of 
        2012, the Secretary of Labor and the Secretary of 
        Education shall jointly develop a template for 
        performance reports that shall be used by States, local 
        boards, and eligible providers of training services 
        under section 122 to report on outcomes achieved by the 
        core programs, and to report on quantifiable benchmarks 
        established in the State plan as described in section 
        112 or the State unified plan described in section 113 
        that demonstrate annual improvement with respect to 
        each of the system-wide performance indicators 
        established under subsection (j)(2) of this section.
          ``(2) Contents of state performance reports.--The 
        performance report for a State shall include, subject 
        to paragraph (5)(C)--
                  ``(A) information specifying the levels of 
                performance achieved with respect to the 
                primary indicators of performance described in 
                subsection (b)(2)(A) for each of the programs 
                described in subsection (b)(3)(A)(ii) and the 
                State adjusted levels of performance with 
                respect to such indicators for each program;
                  ``(B) information specifying the levels of 
                performance achieved with respect to the 
                primary indicators of performance described in 
                subsection (b)(2)(A) for each of the programs 
                described in subsection (b)(3)(A)(ii) with 
                respect to individuals with barriers to 
                employment, disaggregated by each subpopulation 
                of such individuals;
                  ``(C) the total number of participants served 
                by each type of service of the programs 
                described in subsection (b)(3)(A)(ii), and the 
                types of core, intensive, and training services 
                provided;
                  ``(D) the number of individuals with barriers 
                to employment served by each type of service by 
                each of the programs described in subsection 
                (b)(3)(A)(ii), disaggregated by each 
                subpopulation of such individuals;
                  ``(E) the number of participants who are 
                enrolled in more than 1 of the programs 
                described in subsection (b)(3)(A)(ii); and
                  ``(F) other information that facilitates 
                comparisons of programs with programs in other 
                States.
          ``(3) Contents of local area performance reports.--
        The performance reports for a local area shall include, 
        subject to paragraph (5)(C)--
                  ``(A) information specifying the levels of 
                performance achieved with respect to the 
                primary indicators of performance described in 
                subsection (b)(2)(A) for each of the programs 
                described in subclauses (I) through (III) of 
                subsection (b)(3)(A)(ii), and the local 
                adjusted levels of performance with respect to 
                such indicators for each program;
                  ``(B) information specifying the levels of 
                performance achieved with respect to the 
                primary indicators of performance described in 
                subsection (b)(2)(A) for each of the programs 
                described in subclauses (I) through (III) of 
                subsection (b)(3)(A)(ii) with respect to 
                individuals with barriers to employment, 
                disaggregated by each subpopulation of such 
                individuals;
                  ``(C) the total number of participants served 
                by each of the programs described in subclauses 
                (I) through (III) of subsection (b)(3)(A)(ii), 
                and the types of core, intensive, and training 
                services provided;
                  ``(D) the number of individuals with barriers 
                to employment served by each of the programs 
                described in subclauses (I) through (III) of 
                subsection (b)(3)(A)(ii), disaggregated by each 
                subpopulation of such individuals;
                  ``(E) the number of participants who are 
                enrolled in any of the programs described in 
                subclauses (I) through (III) of subsection 
                (b)(3)(A)(ii) who are enrolled in more than 1 
                program described in subsection (b)(3)(A)(ii); 
                and
                  ``(F) other information that facilitates 
                comparisons of programs with programs in other 
                local areas (or planning regions, as 
                appropriate).
          ``(4) Contents of eligible training providers 
        performance reports.--The performance report for an 
        eligible provider of training services under section 
        122 shall include, subject to paragraph (5)(C), with 
        respect to each program of training services, including 
        core, intensive, and training services, of such 
        provider--
                  ``(A) information specifying the levels of 
                performance achieved with respect to the 
                primary indicators of performance described in 
                subclauses (I) through (IV) of subsection 
                (b)(2)(A)(i) with respect to participants 
                served under the adult and dislocated worker 
                programs under chapter 5 of this subtitle; and
                  ``(B) the number of participants served under 
                each of the adult and dislocated worker 
                programs under chapter 5 of this subtitle and 
                the number of individuals with barriers to 
                employment served under each of such programs, 
                disaggregated by each subpopulation of such 
                individuals.
          ``(5) Publication.--
                  ``(A) State performance reports.--The 
                Secretary of Labor and the Secretary of 
                Education shall annually make publically 
                available, including by electronic means, the 
                performance reports for States and local areas 
                containing the information described in 
                paragraph (2).
                  ``(B) Local area and eligible training 
                provider performance reports.--The State shall 
                make publically available, including by 
                electronic means, the performance reports for 
                the local areas containing the information 
                described in paragraph (3) and the performance 
                reports for eligible providers of training 
                services containing the information described 
                in paragraph (4).
                  ``(C) Rules for reporting of data.--The 
                disaggregation of data under this subsection 
                shall not be required when the number of 
                participants in a category is insufficient to 
                yield statistically reliable information or 
                when the results would reveal personally 
                identifiable information about an individual 
                participant.
  ``(e) Evaluation of State Programs.--
          ``(1) In general.--Using funds authorized under a 
        core program and made available to carry out this 
        section, the State, in coordination with local boards 
        in the State and the State agencies responsible for the 
        administration of the core programs, shall conduct 
        ongoing evaluations of activities carried out in the 
        State under such programs and in accordance with the 
        State unified plan. The State, local boards, and State 
        agencies shall conduct the evaluations in order to 
        promote, establish, implement, and utilize methods for 
        continuously improving core program activities in order 
        to achieve high-level performance within, and high-
        level outcomes from, the workforce investment system. 
        To the maximum extent practicable, the State shall 
        coordinate the valuations with the evaluations provided 
        for the Secretary of Labor and Secretary of Education 
        under section 172, section 343(b)(3)(E), section 10(b) 
        of the Wagner-Peyser Act (29 U.S.C. 49i(b)), and 
        sections 12(a)(5), 14, and 107 of the Rehabilitation 
        Act of 1973 (29 U.S.C. 709(a)(5), 711, 727) (applied 
        with respect to programs carried out under title I of 
        that Act).
          ``(2) Design.--The evaluations conducted under this 
        subsection shall be designed in conjunction with the 
        State board, State agencies responsible for the 
        administration of the core programs, and local boards 
        and shall include analysis of customer feedback and 
        outcome and process measures in the statewide workforce 
        investment system. The evaluations may include the use 
        of control groups.
          ``(3) Results.--The State shall periodically prepare, 
        submit to the State board and local boards in the 
        State, and make available to the public, including by 
        electronic means, reports containing the results of 
        evaluations conducted under this subsection, to promote 
        the efficiency and effectiveness of the workforce 
        investment system.
  ``(f) Sanctions for State Failure To Meet State Performance 
Accountability Measures.--
          ``(1) States.--
                  ``(A) Technical assistance.--If a State fails 
                to meet the State adjusted levels of 
                performance relating to indicators described in 
                subsection (b)(2)(A) for a program for any 
                program year, the Secretary of Labor and the 
                Secretary of Education shall, upon request, 
                provide technical assistance, including 
                assistance in the development of a performance 
                improvement plan.
                  ``(B) Reduction in amount of grant.--If such 
                failure continues for a second consecutive 
                year, or if a State fails to submit a report 
                under subsection (d) for any program year, the 
                Secretary of Labor or the Secretary of 
                Education, as appropriate, may reduce by not 
                more than 5 percent, the amount of the 
                allotment that would (in the absence of this 
                paragraph) be payable to the State under such 
                program for the immediately succeeding program 
                year. Such penalty shall be based on the degree 
                of failure to meet State adjusted levels of 
                performance.
          ``(2) Funds resulting from reduced allotments.--The 
        Secretary of Labor or the Secretary of Education, as 
        appropriate, shall use any amount retained, as a result 
        of a reduction in an allotment to a State made under 
        paragraph (1)(B), to provide technical assistance to 
        the States the Secretaries determine to be appropriate 
        to improve the performance of their core programs.
  ``(g) Sanctions for Local Area Failure To Meet Local 
Performance Accountability Measures.--
          ``(1) Technical assistance.--If a local area fails to 
        meet local performance accountability measures 
        established under subsection (c) for the youth, adult, 
        or dislocated worker program authorized under chapter 2 
        or 3 of subtitle B of title I for a program described 
        in subsection (d)(2)(A) for any program year, the 
        Governor, or upon request by the Governor, the 
        Secretary of Labor, shall provide technical assistance, 
        which may include assistance in the development of a 
        performance improvement plan, or the development of a 
        modified local plan or regional plan.
          ``(2) Corrective actions.--
                  ``(A) In general.--If such failure continues 
                for a second consecutive year, the Governor 
                shall take corrective actions, which may 
                include development of a reorganization plan 
                through which the Governor may--
                          ``(i) require the appointment and 
                        certification of a new local board, 
                        consistent with the criteria 
                        established under section 117(b)(1);
                          ``(ii) prohibit the use of eligible 
                        providers and one-stop partners 
                        identified as achieving a poor level of 
                        performance;
                          ``(iii) redesignate the local area in 
                        accordance with section 116; or
                          ``(iv) take such other actions as the 
                        Governor determines are appropriate.
                  ``(B) Appeal by local area.--
                          ``(i) Appeal to governor.--The local 
                        board and chief elected official for a 
                        local area that is subject to a 
                        reorganization plan under subparagraph 
                        (A) may, not later than 30 days after 
                        receiving notice of the reorganization 
                        plan, appeal to the Governor to rescind 
                        or revise such plan. In such case, the 
                        Governor shall make a final decision 
                        not later than 30 days after the 
                        receipt of the appeal.
                          ``(ii) Subsequent action.--The local 
                        board and chief elected official for a 
                        local area may, not later than 30 days 
                        after receiving a decision from the 
                        Governor pursuant to clause (i), appeal 
                        such decision to the Secretary of 
                        Labor. In such case, the Secretary 
                        shall make a final decision not later 
                        than 30 days after the receipt of the 
                        appeal.
                  ``(C) Effective date.--The decision made by 
                the Governor under subparagraph (B)(i) shall 
                become effective at the time the Governor 
                issues the decision pursuant to such clause. 
                Such decision shall remain effective unless the 
                Secretary of Labor rescinds or revises such 
                plan pursuant to subparagraph (B)(ii).
  ``(h) Definitions of Indicators of Performance.--
          ``(1) In general.--In order to ensure nationwide 
        comparability of performance data, the Secretary of 
        Labor and the Secretary of Education, after 
        consultation with representatives described in 
        paragraph (2), shall issue definitions for the 
        indicators described in this section.
          ``(2) Representatives.--The representatives referred 
        to in paragraph (1) are representatives of States and 
        political subdivisions, business and industry, 
        employees, eligible providers of activities carried out 
        through the core programs, educators, researchers, 
        participants, the lead State agency officials with 
        responsibility for the programs carried out through the 
        core programs, individuals with expertise in service 
        individuals with barriers to employment, and other 
        interested parties.
  ``(i) Fiscal and Management Accountability Information 
Systems.--
          ``(1) Wage records.--In measuring the progress of the 
        State across all core programs as identified in section 
        136(b)(2)(A) on State and local performance 
        accountability measures, a State shall utilize 
        quarterly wage records, consistent with State law. The 
        Secretary of Labor shall make arrangements, consistent 
        with State law, to ensure that the wage records of any 
        State are available to any other State to the extent 
        that such wage records are required by the State in 
        carrying out the State plan of the State or completing 
        the annual report described in subsection (d).
          ``(2) Confidentiality.--In carrying out the 
        requirements of this Act, the State shall comply with 
        section 444 of the General Education Provisions Act (20 
        U.S.C. 1232g).
  ``(j) System-Wide Improvements.--
          ``(1) Purpose.--The purpose of this subsection is to 
        establish system-wide improvements across all programs 
        to enhance data collection, ensure accountability and 
        increase administrative efficiencies in employment and 
        training programs that will expand the capacity and 
        improve the performance of the workforce system.
          ``(2) Development and implementation.--
                  ``(A) In general.--The Secretary of Labor and 
                the Secretary of Education, after consultation 
                with the representatives described in 
                subsection (h)(2), shall develop system-wide 
                performance measures across the one-stop 
                partner programs described in section 121(b) to 
                measure the collective effectiveness of the 
                workforce investment system in aligning and 
                coordinating the core programs and other one-
                stop partner programs, employers as a 
                meaningful system partner to address businesses 
                and other employer immediate and long-term 
                skilled workforce needs in in-demand, high-
                growth, and other occupations important to a 
                State, regional, or local economy, expanding 
                access to education and training for 
                participants (including participants with 
                barriers to employment), and establishing or 
                strengthening credential attainment and 
                measurement strategies. Not later than the 
                beginning of the third program year, the 
                Secretary of Labor and the Secretary of 
                Education after consultation with the 
                representatives described in subsection (h)(2), 
                shall develop system-wide performance 
                accountability measures.
                  ``(B) Benchmarks.--Not later than the 
                beginning of the third program year, each State 
                shall include in the State plan described in 
                section 112 or the State unified plan described 
                in section 113 quantifiable benchmarks that 
                demonstrate annual improvement with respect to 
                each of the system-wide performance indicators 
                established under this section.
                  ``(C) Requirements.--For each State, the 
                system-wide performance accountability measures 
                shall consist of--
                          ``(i) the indicators of performance 
                        described in paragraph (3) (A) through 
                        (D);
                          ``(ii) any other indicators 
                        established by the Secretary of Labor 
                        and the Secretary of Education in 
                        consultation with the representatives 
                        described in subsection (h)(2); and
                          ``(iii) a State adjusted level of 
                        performance for each indicator 
                        described in paragraph (3).
          ``(3) Indicators of performance.--The indicators of 
        system-wide performance shall be measured from baseline 
        data collected in the first year after the date of 
        enactment of this subsection and shall consist of the 
        following:
                  ``(A) Indicators of effectiveness in engaging 
                employers as a system partner.--The State 
                indicators of effectiveness in serving 
                employers shall at a minimum consist of--
                          ``(i) the number and percentage of 
                        employers in the State using one-stops;
                          ``(ii) the total number of returning 
                        employers in the State using one-stops 
                        and one-stop partner program services, 
                        including training;
                          ``(iii) the number of training 
                        modules created for specific employers 
                        or groups of employers; and
                          ``(iv) the size of each employer in 
                        the State using one-stops and one-stop 
                        partner programs services.
                  ``(B) Indicators of expanded access to 
                training services.--The State indicators of 
                expanded access to training services shall at a 
                minimum consist of--
                          ``(i) the number and percentage of 
                        participants who received training or 
                        education services under a one-stop 
                        partner program;
                          ``(ii) the number and percentage of 
                        participants and youth with barriers to 
                        employment who received services from a 
                        one-stop partner program resulting in 
                        entry into an education and training 
                        program that leads to employment or a 
                        recognized postsecondary credential;
                          ``(iii) the total number and 
                        percentage of participants concurrently 
                        enrolled in two or more core programs, 
                        or in at least one other one-stop 
                        partner program;
                          ``(iv) the number and percentage of 
                        participants engaged in career 
                        pathways; and
                          ``(v) the total number and percentage 
                        of participants who are enrolled and 
                        whose training is co-funded by Pell 
                        grants or other sources of financial 
                        aid.
                  ``(C) Indicators of credential attainment and 
                measurement.--The State indicators of 
                credential attainment and measurement shall at 
                a minimum consist of the total number and 
                percentage of recognized postsecondary 
                credentials earned during the program year by, 
                or awarded to, participants of programs 
                described in section 136(b)(3)(A)(i).
                  ``(D) Additional indicators.--A State may 
                identify in a State plan additional system-wide 
                performance accountability indicators.
          ``(4) Levels of performance.--
                  ``(A) State adjusted levels of performance 
                for system-wide performance accountability 
                indicators.--
                          ``(i) In general.--For each State 
                        submitting a State plan under section 
                        112 or section 113, there shall be 
                        established, in accordance with this 
                        paragraph, levels of performance for 
                        each of the system-wide performance 
                        accountability indicators that shall 
                        measure aggregate performance for the 
                        programs referred to in section 
                        121(b)(1)(B), and which may include 
                        data from programs referred to in 
                        section 121(b)(2)(B).
                          ``(ii) Identification in state 
                        plan.--Prior to the third program year 
                        after enactment of this Act, each State 
                        shall identify, in the State plan, 
                        expected levels of performance for each 
                        of the corresponding system-wide 
                        performance accountability indicators 
                        under subsection (j)(2) for each of the 
                        third and fourth program years covered 
                        by the State plan.
                          ``(iii) Agreement on state adjusted 
                        levels of performance.--The State shall 
                        reach agreement with the Secretary of 
                        Labor and the Secretary of Education on 
                        levels of performance for each 
                        indicator under subsection (j)(2) for 
                        each of the third and fourth program 
                        years covered by the State plan. In 
                        reaching the agreement, the State and 
                        Secretaries shall take into account the 
                        levels identified in the State plan 
                        under clause (ii), and may take into 
                        account the factors described in 
                        subsection (c)(3)(A)(v).
                  ``(B) Levels of performance for additional 
                indicators.--The State may identify, in the 
                State plan, State levels of performance for 
                each of the additional indicators identified 
                under subsection (j)(2)(E). Such levels shall 
                be considered the State adjusted levels of 
                performance for purposes of this section.
                  ``(C) Failure to meet system-wide performance 
                accountability measures.--If a State fails to 
                meet State adjusted levels of performance 
                relating to indicators described in paragraph 
                (3) for any program year the Secretary of Labor 
                and the Secretary of Education shall, upon 
                request, provide technical assistance, 
                including assistance in the development of a 
                performance improvement plan.
          ``(5) Reports.--Not later than 1 year after the date 
        of the enactment of the Workforce Investment Act of 
        2012, the Secretary of Labor shall report to the 
        Committee on Education and the Workforce on the 
        indicators described in paragraph (2) of this section 
        and provide recommendations to the Committee on 
        improving coordination and increasing efficiencies in 
        one-stop partner programs.''.

SEC. 119. AUTHORIZATION OF FUNDING FOR ONE-STOP INFRASTRUCTURE.

  Section 137 is amended by adding at the end the following:
  ``(d) One-Stop Infrastructure.--
          ``(1) Authorization of appropriations.--In addition 
        to the funds authorized under subsections (a), (b), and 
        (c), there is authorized to be appropriated an 
        additional amount equal to 3 percent of the total of 
        amounts appropriated under such subsections, for costs 
        of infrastructure including rental costs and other 
        expenses associated with establishing and maintaining 
        one-stop centers in accordance with section 121.
          ``(2) Allotment.--The Secretary shall allot the funds 
        appropriated pursuant to paragraph (1) for each fiscal 
        year among the States as follows:
                  ``(A) Two-thirds of such sums shall be 
                allotted on the basis of the relative number of 
                individuals in the civilian labor force in each 
                State as compared to the total number of such 
                individuals in all States.
                  ``(B) One-third of such sums shall be 
                allotted on the basis of the relative number of 
                unemployed individuals in each State as 
                compared to the total number of such 
                individuals in all States.
        For purposes of this paragraph, the number of 
        individuals in the civilian labor force and the number 
        of unemployed individuals shall be based on data for 
        the most recent calendar year available, as determined 
        by the Secretary.''.

                         Subtitle C--Job Corps

SEC. 131. PURPOSES.

  Section 141(1) is amended to read as follows:
          ``(1) to maintain a national Job Corps program, 
        carried out in partnership with States and communities, 
        to--
                  ``(A) assist eligible youth to connect to the 
                labor force by providing them with intensive 
                social, academic, career and technical 
                education, and service-learning opportunities, 
                in primarily residential centers, in order for 
                such youth to obtain secondary school diplomas 
                or recognized postsecondary credentials leading 
                to--
                          ``(i) successful careers, in in-
                        demand industry sectors or occupations 
                        or the Armed Forces, that will result 
                        in economic self-sufficiency and 
                        opportunities for advancement; or
                          ``(ii) enrollment in postsecondary 
                        education; and
                  ``(B) support responsible citizenship;''.

SEC. 132. DEFINITIONS.

  Section 142 is amended--
          (1) in paragraph (2)--
                  (A) by striking ``customer service'';
                  (B) by striking ``intake'' and inserting 
                ``assessment''; and
                  (C) by striking ``a Jobs Corps center'' and 
                inserting ``support the purposes of the Jobs 
                Corps'';
          (2) in paragraph (4), by striking ``before completing 
        the requirements'' and all that follows and inserting 
        ``prior to becoming a graduate.'';
          (3) in paragraph (5), by striking ``has completed the 
        requirements'' and all that follows and inserting the 
        following: ``who, as a result of participation in the 
        Job Corps program, has received a secondary school 
        diploma or recognized equivalent or completed the 
        requirements of a career and technical education and 
        training program that prepares individuals for 
        employment leading to economic self-sufficiency or 
        entrance into postsecondary education or training.'';
          (4) in paragraph (9), by striking ``area served by a 
        regional office of the Employment and Training 
        Administration'' and inserting ``defined by the 
        Secretary''; and
          (5) by adding at the end the following:
          ``(11) State.--The term `State' means any of the 
        several States, the District of Columbia, the 
        Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, Guam, the Virgin Islands, 
        the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, and 
        American Samoa.''.

SEC. 133. INDIVIDUALS ELIGIBLE FOR THE JOB CORPS.

  Section 144 is amended by adding at the end the following:
          ``(4) Special rule for veterans.--Notwithstanding the 
        requirement of paragraph (2), a veteran of the Armed 
        Forces shall be eligible to become an enrollee under 
        this section if the individual--
                  ``(A) meets the requirements of paragraphs 
                (1) and (3); and
                  ``(B) does not meet the requirement of 
                paragraph (2) because the military income 
                earned by such individual within the 6-month 
                period prior to the individual's application 
                for Job Corps prevents the individual from 
                meeting such requirement.''.

SEC. 134. RECRUITMENT, SCREENING, SELECTION, AND ASSIGNMENT OF 
                    ENROLLEES.

  Section 145 is amended--
          (1) in subsection (a)(2)--
                  (A) in subparagraph (C)(i), by striking 
                ``vocational'' and inserting ``career and 
                technical education and training''; and
                  (B) by amending subparagraph (E) to read as 
                follows:
                  ``(E) assure appropriate representation of 
                enrollees from urban areas and from rural 
                areas.'';
          (2) in subsection (a)(3)--
                  (A) in subparagraph (B), by striking ``; 
                and'' and inserting a semicolon;
                  (B) in subparagraph (C), by striking the 
                period and inserting ``; and''; and
                  (C) by adding at the end the following:
                  ``(D) child welfare agencies that are 
                responsible for children in foster care and 
                children eligible for assistance under section 
                477 of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 
                677).'';
          (3) in subsection (b)(1)(B), by inserting ``and 
        agrees to such rules'' after ``failure to observe the 
        rules'';
          (4) in subsection (c)--
                  (A) in paragraph (1) in the matter preceding 
                subparagraph (A), by striking ``an assignment'' 
                and inserting ``a'';
                  (B) in paragraph (2), in the matter preceding 
                subparagraph (A), by striking ``the Secretary 
                shall, every 2 years, analyze, for the Job 
                Corps center--'' and inserting ``every 2 years 
                the Secretary, in consultation with operators 
                of Job Corps centers, shall analyze relevant 
                factors relating to each Job Corps center, 
                including--'';
                  (C) in subparagraph (B), by striking ``; 
                and'' and inserting a semicolon;
                  (D) in subparagraph (C)--
                          (i) by inserting ``the education, 
                        training, and supportive'' after 
                        ``including''; and
                          (ii) by adding ``and'' after the 
                        semicolon; and
                  (E) by adding at the end the following:
                  ``(D) the performance of the Job Corps center 
                relating to the expected levels of performance 
                for the indicators described in section 
                159(c)(1), and whether any actions have been 
                taken with respect to such center pursuant to 
                paragraphs (2) and (3) of section 159(f).''; 
                and
          (5) in subsection (d)--
                  (A) in paragraph (1)--
                          (i) in the matter preceding 
                        subparagraph (A), by striking ``is 
                        closest to the home of the enrollee, 
                        except that the'' and inserting 
                        ``offers the type of career and 
                        technical education and training 
                        selected by the individual and, among 
                        the centers that offer such education 
                        and training, is closest to the home of 
                        the individual. The''; and
                          (ii) by striking subparagraph (A) and 
                        redesignating subparagraphs (B) and (C) 
                        as subparagraphs (A) and (B), 
                        respectively; and
                  (B) in paragraph (2), by striking ``to the 
                home of'' and inserting ``to the home of that 
                offers the career and technical education and 
                training desired by''.

SEC. 135. ENROLLMENT.

  Section 146(b) is amended--
          (1) in paragraph (1), by striking ``or''; and
          (2) by redesignating paragraph (2) as paragraph (4) 
        and inserting after paragraph (1) the following:
          ``(2) in the case of an individual with a disability 
        who would reasonably be expected to meet the standards 
        for a Job Corps graduate, as defined under section 
        142(5), if allowed to participate in the Job Corps for 
        not more than 1 additional year;
          ``(3) in the case of an individual who participates 
        in national service, as authorized by a Civilian 
        Conservation Center program, who would be granted an 
        enrollment extension in the Job Corps for the amount of 
        time equal to the period of national service; or''.

SEC. 136. JOB CORPS CENTERS.

  Section 147 is amended--
          (1) in subsection (a)--
                  (A) in paragraph (1)--
                          (i) in subparagraph (A), by striking 
                        ``vocational'' both places it appears 
                        and inserting ``career and technical''; 
                        and
                          (ii) in subparagraph (B), by 
                        inserting ``, or other entity with the 
                        necessary capacity,'' after ``local 
                        entity''; and
                  (B) in paragraph (2)--
                          (i) in subparagraph (A), by striking 
                        ``subsections (c) and (d) of section 
                        303 of the Federal Property and 
                        Administrative Services Act of 1949 (41 
                        U.S.C. 253)'' and inserting 
                        ``subsections (a) and (b) of section 
                        3304 of title 41, United States 
                        Code,''; and
                          (ii) in subparagraph (B)(i)--
                                  (I) in subclause (II), by 
                                striking ``vocational'' and 
                                inserting ``career and 
                                technical education and'';
                                  (II) in subclause (III), by 
                                striking ``is familiar with the 
                                surrounding communities,'' and 
                                inserting ``demonstrates 
                                relationships with the 
                                surrounding communities, 
                                employers, labor organizations, 
                                workforce boards,''; and
                                  (III) by amending subclause 
                                (IV) to read as follows:
                                  ``(IV) the performance of the 
                                entity, if any, relating to 
                                operating or providing 
                                activities described in this 
                                subtitle to a Job Corps center, 
                                including the entity's 
                                demonstrated effectiveness in 
                                assisting individuals in 
                                achieving the primary 
                                indicators of performance for 
                                eligible youth described in 
                                section 136(b)(2)(A)(ii).''; 
                                and
          (2) by amending subsection (c) to read as follows:
  ``(c) Civilian Conservation Centers.--
          ``(1) In general.--The Job Corps centers may include 
        Civilian Conservation Centers, operated under an 
        agreement between the Secretary of Labor and the 
        Secretary of Agriculture, that are located primarily in 
        rural areas. Such centers shall provide, in addition to 
        academics, career and technical education and training, 
        and workforce preparation skills training, programs of 
        work experience to conserve, develop, or manage public 
        natural resources or public recreational areas or to 
        develop community projects in the public interest.
          ``(2) Assistance during disasters.--Enrollees in 
        Civilian Conservation Centers may provide assistance in 
        addressing national, State, and local disasters, 
        consistent with current child labor laws and 
        regulations. The Secretary of Agriculture shall ensure 
        that with respect to the provision of such assistance 
        the enrollees are properly trained, equipped, 
        supervised, and dispatched consistent with standards 
        for the conservation and rehabilitation of wildlife 
        established under the Fish and Wildlife Coordination 
        Act (16 U.S.C. 661 et seq.).
          ``(3) National liaison.--The Secretary of Agriculture 
        shall designate a Job Corps National Liaison to support 
        the agreement under this section between the 
        Departments of Labor and Agriculture.''.

SEC. 137. PROGRAM ACTIVITIES.

  Section 148 is amended--
          (1) by amending subsection (a) to read as follows:
  ``(a) Activities Provided by Job Corps Centers.--
          ``(1) In general.--Each Job Corps center shall 
        provide enrollees with an intensive, organized, and 
        supervised program of education, including English 
        language acquisition programs, career and technical 
        education and training, work experience, work-based 
        learning, recreational activities, physical 
        rehabilitation and development, and counseling, which 
        may include information about financial literacy. Each 
        Job Corps center shall provide enrollees assigned to 
        the center with access to core services described in 
        section 134(c)(2) and the intensive services described 
        in section 134(c)(3).
          ``(2) Relationship to opportunities.--
                  ``(A) In general.--The activities provided 
                under this subsection shall be targeted to 
                helping enrollees, on completion of their 
                enrollment--
                          ``(i) secure and maintain meaningful 
                        unsubsidized employment;
                          ``(ii) enroll in and complete 
                        secondary education or postsecondary 
                        education or training programs, 
                        including other suitable career and 
                        technical education and training, and 
                        registered apprenticeship programs; or
                          ``(iii) satisfy Armed Forces 
                        requirements.
          ``(3) Link to employment opportunities.--The career 
        and technical education and training provided shall be 
        linked to the employment opportunities in the local 
        area in which the enrollee intends to seek employment 
        after graduation.'';
          (2) in subsection (b)--
                  (A) in the subsection heading, by striking 
                ``Education and Vocational'' and inserting 
                ``Academic and Career and Technical Education 
                and'';
                  (B) by striking ``education and vocational'' 
                and inserting ``career and technical 
                education'';
                  (C) by striking ``vocational educational'' 
                and inserting ``career and technical 
                educational''; and
                  (D) by striking ``or technical institutes'' 
                and inserting ``technical institutes, or 
                national service providers'';
          (3) in subsection (c)--
                  (A) by amending paragraph (2) to read as 
                follows:
          ``(2) Benefits.--During the period of participation 
        in an advanced career training program, an enrollee 
        shall be eligible for full Job Corps benefits, or a 
        monthly stipend equal to the average value of the 
        residential support, food, allowances, and other 
        benefits provided to enrollees assigned to residential 
        Job Corps centers.''; and
                  (B) in paragraph (3), by striking ``Each 
                year,'' and inserting ``The Secretary shall 
                develop standards by which''; and
          (4) by amending subsection (d) to read as follows:
  ``(d) Graduate Services.--In order to promote the retention 
of graduates in employment or postsecondary education, the 
Secretary shall arrange for the provision of job placement and 
support services to graduates for up to 12 months after the 
date of graduation. One-stop partners, may support the 
provision of these services, including services from the State 
vocational rehabilitation agency to supplement job placement 
and job development efforts for Job Corps graduates who are 
individuals with disabilities.''.

SEC. 138. SUPPORT.

  Section 150(b) is amended--
          (1) in the subsection heading, by striking 
        ``Readjustment Allowances'' and inserting ``Transition 
        Allowances and Support'';
          (2) in paragraph (1)--
                  (A) in the paragraph heading, by striking 
                ``graduates'' and inserting ``allowances for 
                graduates'';
                  (B) in the first sentence, by striking 
                ``readjustment'' and inserting ``transition''; 
                and
                  (C) by striking the second and third 
                sentences, and inserting the following: ``The 
                transition allowance shall be incentive-based 
                to reflect a graduate's completion of academic, 
                career and technical education or training, and 
                attainment of recognized postsecondary 
                credentials.''; and
          (3) by amending paragraph (2) to read as follows:
          ``(2) Transition support for former enrollees.--The 
        Secretary may arrange for the provision of 3 months of 
        employment services for former enrollees.''.

SEC. 139. COMMUNITY PARTICIPATION.

  Section 153 is amended--
          (1) by amending subsections (a) and (b) to read as 
        follows:
  ``(a) Business and Community Participation.--The director of 
each Job Corps center shall ensure the establishment and 
development of the business and community networks described in 
subsection (b) in order to enhance the effectiveness of such 
centers. At centers where a national training contractor 
provides career and technical education training, and has 
direct and long-standing linkages to registered apprenticeship 
programs or affiliated national employer groups, the national 
training contractor shall have the lead in maintaining networks 
with the programs described in clauses (ii) and (iii) of 
subsections (b)(1)(C).
  ``(b) Networks.--The activities carried out by each Job Corps 
center under this section shall include--
          ``(1) establishing and developing relationships and 
        networks with--
                  ``(A) local and distant employers, to the 
                extent practicable, in coordination with other 
                Federal and non-Federal programs that conduct 
                similar outreach to employers;
                  ``(B) applicable one-stop centers and 
                applicable local boards, for the purpose of 
                providing--
                          ``(i) information to, and referral 
                        of, potential enrollees; and
                          ``(ii) job opportunities for Job 
                        Corps graduates; and
                  ``(C)(i) youth programs;
                  ``(ii) registered apprenticeship programs, 
                labor-management organizations and local labor 
                organizations;
                  ``(iii) employers and contractors that 
                support national training contractor programs; 
                and
                  ``(iv) community-based organizations, non-
                profit organizations, and intermediaries 
                providing workforce development-related 
                services; and
          ``(2) establishing and developing relationships with 
        members of the community in which the Job Corps center 
        is located, informing members of the community about 
        the projects of the Job Corps center and changes in the 
        rules, procedures, or activities of the center that may 
        affect the community, and planning events of mutual 
        interest to the community and the Job Corps center.''; 
        and
          (2) in subsection (c)--
                  (A) by striking ``Liaison for'' and inserting 
                ``director of a''; and
                  (B) by striking ``establish and develop'' and 
                inserting ``ensure the establishment and 
                development of''.

SEC. 140. INDUSTRY COUNCILS.

  Section 154 is amended--
          (1) in subsection (a), by striking ``after 
        consultation with the Liaison''; and
          (2) in subsection (b)--
                  (A) in paragraph (1)(A)(ii), by striking 
                ``area'' and inserting ``areas in which 
                enrollees will be seeking employment'';
                  (B) by adding after paragraph (2) the 
                following:
          ``(3) Employers outside of local area.--The industry 
        council for a Job Corps center may include, or 
        otherwise provide for consultation with, employers from 
        outside the local area who are likely to hire a 
        significant number of enrollees from the Job Corps 
        center.
          ``(4) Special rule for single state local areas.--In 
        the case of a single State local area designated under 
        section 116(b), the industry council shall include a 
        representative of the State Board.''; and
                  (C) in subsection (c), by striking 
                ``vocational'' each place it appears and 
                inserting ``career and technical education 
                and''.

SEC. 141. EXPERIMENTAL, RESEARCH, AND DEMONSTRATION PROJECTS AND 
                    COLLEGE CORPS PROGRAM.

  (a) Miscellaneous Amendments.--Section 156 is amended--
          (1) by striking ``The Secretary'' and inserting ``(a) 
        In General.--The Secretary'';
          (2) by striking ``program and may waive'' and 
        inserting ``program. The Secretary may waive''; and
          (3) by inserting before the period the following: 
        ``if the Secretary informs the Committee on Health, 
        Education, Labor, and Pensions of the Senate and the 
        Committee on Education and the Workforce of the House 
        of Representatives, in writing, not less than 90 days 
        in advance of issuing such waiver.''.
  (b) College Corps.--Section 156 is further amended by adding 
at the end the following new subsection:
  ``(b) College Corps.--
          ``(1) Establishment.--The Secretary of Labor and the 
        Secretary of Education shall jointly establish a 
        demonstration project under this section to be known as 
        the `College Corps' that provide at-risk youth 
        intensive education and skills training in order to 
        prepare such youth for college and for high-skilled 
        employment that can only be achieved with a college 
        degree.
          ``(2) Selection of sites.--The Secretary of Labor and 
        the Secretary of Education shall jointly select sites 
        to participate, on a competitive basis, from among 
        underperforming Jobs Corps centers in areas with low 
        levels of college attainment.
          ``(3) Eligible operators.--The Secretary shall select 
        College Corps center operators on a competitive basis 
        from among nonprofit organizations with prior success 
        operating high-performing, college and career-ready 
        education residential programs for at-risk young 
        people.
          ``(4) Administration projects.--
                  ``(A) In general.--The Secretary shall 
                administer the College Corps sites in 
                collaboration with the Secretary of Education 
                with the development of an interagency 
                agreement that identifies the duties and 
                responsibilities of the Departments under these 
                projects.
                  ``(B) Partnerships.--As part of the 
                interagency agreement, the Secretary of 
                Education will be responsible for partnering 
                with a State or local education agency for the 
                purposes of granting a high school diploma that 
                adheres to college and career ready standards 
                and accessing State and local education 
                dollars.
                  ``(C) Deadline.--A grant, contract, or 
                cooperative agreement to operate at least one 
                center shall be awarded to an eligible 
                operative within 1 year from enactment.
          ``(5) Eligible participants.--Individuals eligible to 
        participate in College Corps projects under this 
        subsection shall be low-income youth who are in 6th or 
        7th grade at the time they begin participation who meet 
        at least two of the following criteria:
                  ``(A) Have a record of suspensions, office 
                referrals, or chronic truancy.
                  ``(B) Have failed to achieve proficiency on 
                State assessment in mathematics, reading, or 
                both.
                  ``(C) Live in a household that is headed by a 
                single parent or non-custodial parent.
                  ``(D) Is homeless or is a foster child.
                  ``(E) Live in a household that is public 
                housing or receives public housing assistance.
                  ``(F) Have an immediate family member who is 
                or has been incarcerated.''.

SEC. 142. TECHNICAL AMENDMENT.

  Section 158(c)(1) is amended by striking ``title II of the 
Federal Property and Administrative Services Act of 1949 (40 
U.S.C. 481 et seq.)'' and inserting ``chapter 5 of title 40, 
United States Code,''.

SEC. 143. PERFORMANCE ACCOUNTABILITY AND MANAGEMENT.

  Section 159 is amended--
          (1) in the section heading, by striking ``MANAGEMENT 
        INFORMATION'' and inserting ``PERFORMANCE 
        ACCOUNTABILITY AND MANAGEMENT''; and
          (2) by striking subsections (c) through (f), 
        redesignating subsection (g) as subsection (j), and 
        inserting after subsection (b) the following:
  ``(c) Information on Indicators of Performance.--
          ``(1) Levels of performance and indicators.--The 
        Secretary shall annually establish expected levels of 
        performance for Job Corps centers and the Job Corps 
        program relating to each of the primary indicators of 
        performance for eligible youth activities described in 
        section 136(b)(2)(A)(ii).
          ``(2) Performance of recruiters.--The Secretary shall 
        also establish performance indicators, and expected 
        performance levels on the performance indicators, for 
        recruitment service providers serving the Job Corps 
        program. The performance indicators shall relate to the 
        number of enrollees recruited, compared to the 
        established goals for such recruitment, and the number 
        of enrollees who remain committed to the program for 90 
        days after enrollment.
          ``(3) Performance of career transition service 
        providers.--The Secretary also shall establish 
        performance indicators, and expected levels of 
        performance for such indicators, for local and national 
        career transition service provides serving the Job 
        Corps program. The performance indicators shall include 
        the number of graduates and former enrollees--
                  ``(A) who entered an unsubsidized employment 
                related to the training they received at Job 
                Corps and their average wage; and
                  ``(B) who entered other types of unsubsidized 
                employment, the military, postsecondary 
                education, or advanced training programs, 
                including registered apprenticeship programs, 
                and their average wage, if applicable.
          ``(4) Report.--The Secretary shall collect, and 
        annually submit to the Committee on Health, Education, 
        Labor, and Pensions of the Senate and the Committee on 
        Education and the Workforce of the House of 
        Representatives, a report containing--
                  ``(A) information on the performance of each 
                Job Corps center, and the Job Corps program, on 
                the performance indicators described in 
                paragraph (1), as compared to the expected 
                level of performance established under such 
                paragraph for each performance accountability 
                measure; and
                  ``(B) information on the performance of the 
                service providers described in paragraph (2) on 
                the performance indicators established under 
                such paragraph, as compared to the expected 
                performance levels for the performance 
                indicators.
  ``(d) Additional Information.--
          ``(1) In general.--The Secretary shall also collect, 
        and submit in the report described in subsection (c), 
        information on the performance of each Job Corps 
        center, and the Job Corps program, regarding--
                  ``(A) the number of enrollees entering and 
                completing by field of education or training;
                  ``(B) demographic information on the 
                enrollees served, including age, race, gender, 
                and education and income level;
                  ``(C) the number of graduates who entered the 
                Armed Forces;
                  ``(D) the number of graduates who entered 
                unsubsidized employment related to the career 
                and technical education and training received 
                through the Job Corps program and the number 
                who entered unsubsidized employment not related 
                to the education and training received;
                  ``(E) the starting hourly wages of graduates 
                and whether they receive other forms of 
                compensation and benefits;
                  ``(F) the number and percentage of former 
                enrollees, including the number dismissed under 
                the zero tolerance policy described in section 
                152(b); and
                  ``(G) any additional information required by 
                the Secretary.
          ``(2) Rules for reporting of data.--The 
        disaggregation of data under this subsection shall not 
        be required when the number of individuals in a 
        category is insufficient to yield statistically 
        reliable information or when the results would reveal 
        personally identifiable information about an 
        individual.
  ``(e) Methods.--The Secretary shall collect the information 
described in subsections (c) and (d), using methods described 
in section 136(i)(2) and consistent with State law, by entering 
into agreements with the States to access such data for Job 
Corps enrollees, former enrollees, and graduates.
  ``(f) Performance Assessments and Improvements.--
          ``(1) Assessments.--The Secretary shall conduct an 
        annual assessment of the performance of each Job Corps 
        center. Based on the assessment, the Secretary shall 
        take measures to continuously improve the performance 
        of the Job Corps program.
          ``(2) Performance improvement.--With respect to a Job 
        Corps center that fails to meet the expected levels of 
        performance relating to the primary indicators of 
        performance specified in subsection (c)(1), the 
        Secretary shall develop and implement a performance 
        improvement plan. Such a plan shall require action to 
        be taken during a one-year period, including--
                  ``(A) providing technical assistance to the 
                center;
                  ``(B) changing the career and technical 
                education and training offered at the center;
                  ``(C) changing the management staff of the 
                center;
                  ``(D) replacing the operator of the center;
                  ``(E) reducing the capacity of the center;
                  ``(F) relocating the center; or
                  ``(G) closing the center.
          ``(3) Additional performance improvement.--In 
        addition to the performance improvement plans required 
        under paragraph (2), the Secretary may develop and 
        implement additional performance improvement plans. 
        Such a plan shall require improvements, including the 
        actions described in such paragraph, for a Job Corps 
        center that fails to meet criteria established by the 
        Secretary other than the expected levels of performance 
        described in such paragraph.
          ``(4) Civilian conservation centers.--With respect to 
        a Civilian Conservation Center that fails to meet the 
        expected levels of performance relating to the primary 
        indicators of performance specified in subsection 
        (c)(1), or fails to improve performance as described in 
        paragraph (2), the Secretary, in consultation with the 
        Secretary of Agriculture, may select an entity to 
        operate a Civilian Conservation Center on a competitive 
        basis, in accordance with the requirements of section 
        147(a)(2)(B).
  ``(g) Participant Health and Safety.--The Secretary shall 
require that an entity that has entered into a contract with a 
Job Corps operator to provide work-based learning activities 
for any Job Corps enrollee under this subtitle shall comply 
with the Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970 (20 U.S.C. 
651 et seq.) or, as appropriate, under the corresponding State 
Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970 requirements in the 
State in which such activities occur.
  ``(h) Buildings and Facilities.--The Secretary shall collect, 
and submit in the report described in subsection (c), 
information regarding the state of Job Corps buildings and 
facilities. Such report shall include--
          ``(1) a review of requested construction, 
        rehabilitation, and acquisition projects, by each Job 
        Corps center; and
          ``(2) a review of new facilities under construction.
  ``(i) National and Community Service.--The Secretary shall 
include in the report described in subsection (c) available 
information regarding the national and community service 
activities of enrollees, particularly those enrollees at 
Civilian Conservation Centers.''.

SEC. 144. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

  Section 161 is amended by striking ``fiscal years 1999 
through 2003'' and inserting ``fiscal years 2013 through 
2017''.

                     Subtitle D--National Programs

SEC. 151. NATIVE AMERICAN PROGRAMS.

  Section 166 is amended--
          (1) in subsection (a)(1)(B), by inserting ``and to 
        equip them with the entrepreneurial skills necessary 
        for successful self-employment'' after ``workforce'';
          (2) in subsection (c)(2), by adding at the end the 
        following: ``The Secretary may exercise the waiver 
        authority of the preceding sentence not more than once 
        during any 4-year period with respect to any single 
        recipient.'';
          (3) in subsection (d)--
                  (A) in paragraph (1)(B)--
                          (i) by inserting ``Alaska Natives'' 
                        after ``Indians'';
                          (ii) by striking ``unsubsidized''; 
                        and
                          (iii) by inserting ``leading to self-
                        sufficiency and the development of the 
                        academic, occupational, and literacy 
                        skills of such individuals'' before the 
                        period; and
                  (B) in paragraph (2)--
                          (i) in subparagraph (A)(i), by 
                        inserting ``, including training on 
                        entrepreneurial skills'' before the 
                        semicolon; and
                          (ii) in subparagraph (A)(ii), by 
                        inserting ``Alaska Native'' after 
                        ``Indian'';
          (4) in subsection (e)--
                  (A) in paragraph (3)--
                          (i) by striking ``unsubsidized''; and
                          (ii) by inserting ``leading to self-
                        sufficiency'' before the semicolon; and
                  (B) in paragraph (5)--
                          (i) by inserting ``accountability'' 
                        after ``performance''; and
                          (ii) by inserting ``, which shall 
                        include the primary indicators of 
                        performance described in section 
                        136(b)(2)(A) and expected levels of 
                        performance for such indicators, in 
                        accordance with subsection (h)'' before 
                        the period;
          (5) by redesignating subsections (h) through (j) as 
        subsections (i) through (k), respectively, and 
        inserting after subsection (g) the following new 
        subsection:
  ``(h) Performance Accountability Measures.--
          ``(1) Additional performance indicators and 
        standards.--
                  ``(A) Development of indicators and 
                standards.--The Secretary, in consultation with 
                the Native American Employment and Training 
                Council, shall develop a set of performance 
                indicators and standards that is in addition to 
                the primary indicators of performance described 
                in section 136(b)(2)(A) and that shall be 
                applicable to programs under this section.
                  ``(B) Special considerations.--Such 
                performance indicators and standards shall take 
                into account--
                          ``(i) the purpose of this section as 
                        described in subsection (a)(1);
                          ``(ii) the needs of the groups served 
                        by this section, including the 
                        differences in needs among such groups 
                        in various geographic service areas; 
                        and
                          ``(iii) the economic circumstances of 
                        the communities served, including 
                        differences in circumstances among 
                        various geographic service areas.
                  ``(C) Agreement on adjusted levels of 
                performance.--The Secretary and the entity 
                described in subsection (c) shall reach 
                agreement on the levels of performance for each 
                of the primary indicators of performance 
                described in section 136(b)(2)(A), taking into 
                account economic conditions, characteristics of 
                the individuals served, and other appropriate 
                factors and using, to the extent practicable, 
                the statistical adjustment model under section 
                136(b)(3)(A)(viii). The levels agreed to shall 
                be the adjusted levels of performance and shall 
                be incorporated in the program plan.'';
          (6) in subsection (i) (as so redesignated)--
                  (A) in paragraph (2)(A)--
                          (i) by striking ``performance 
                        measures'' and inserting ``regulations 
                        relating to the performance 
                        accountability measures''; and
                          (ii) by striking ``such subsection, 
                        taking into account the economic 
                        circumstances of such entities'' and 
                        inserting ``this section''; and
                  (B) in paragraph (4)(A), by inserting ``and 
                to provide the advice described in subparagraph 
                (C)'' before the period; and
          (7) in subsection (k) (as so redesignated)--
                  (A) in paragraph (1) by striking ``American 
                Samoans who reside in Hawaii for the co-
                location of federally funded and State-funded'' 
                and inserting ``the Cook Inlet Tribal Council, 
                Incorporated, and the University of Hawaii at 
                Maui, for the unique populations who reside in 
                Alaska or Hawaii, respectively, to improve job 
                training and''; and
                  (B) in paragraph (2), by striking ``fiscal 
                year 1999'' and inserting ``each of fiscal 
                years 2013 through 2017''.

SEC. 152. MIGRANT AND SEASONAL FARMWORKER PROGRAMS.

  Section 167 is amended--
          (1) in subsection (b)--
                  (A) by inserting ``and deliver'' after 
                ``administer''; and
                  (B) by inserting ``workforce investment'' 
                after ``including youth'';
          (2) in subsection (c)--
                  (A) in paragraph (2)--
                          (i) in subparagraph (A)--
                                  (I) by striking ``identify'' 
                                and inserting ``describe the 
                                population to be served and 
                                identify''; and
                                  (II) by inserting ``, 
                                including upgraded employment 
                                in agriculture'' before the 
                                semicolon;
                          (ii) in subparagraph (B), by striking 
                        ``; and'' and inserting a semicolon;
                          (iii) in subparagraph (C)--
                                  (I) by striking ``indicators 
                                of performance'' and inserting 
                                ``performance accountability 
                                measures''; and
                                  (II) by inserting ``, which 
                                shall include the expected 
                                levels of performance for the 
                                primary indicators of 
                                performance described in 
                                section 136(b)(2)(A)'' before 
                                the semicolon; and
                          (iv) by inserting after subparagraph 
                        (C) the following new subparagraphs:
                  ``(D) describe the availability and 
                accessibility of local resources such as 
                supportive services, services provided through 
                one-stop delivery systems, and education and 
                training services, and how the resources can be 
                made available to the population to be served; 
                and
                  ``(E) describe the plan for providing 
                services under this section, including 
                strategies and systems for outreach, career 
                planning, assessment, and delivery through one-
                stop delivery systems.'';
                  (B) by redesignating paragraphs (3) and (4) 
                as paragraphs (4) and (5), respectively, and 
                inserting after paragraph (2) the following new 
                paragraph:
          ``(3) Agreement on adjusted levels of performance.--
        The Secretary and the entity described in subsection 
        (b) shall reach agreement on the levels of performance 
        for each of the primary indicators of performance 
        described in section 136(b)(2)(A), taking into account 
        economic conditions, characteristics of the individuals 
        served, and other appropriate factors, and using, to 
        the extent practicable the statistical adjustment model 
        under section 136(b)(3)(A)(viii). The levels agreed to 
        shall be the adjusted levels of performance and shall 
        be incorporated in the program plan.''; and
                  (C) in paragraph (5)(B) (as so 
                redesignated)--
                          (i) by striking ``grant or contract'' 
                        the first place it appears and 
                        inserting ``grant, contract, or 
                        agreement'';
                          (ii) by striking ``under the terms of 
                        the grant agreement or contract'';
                          (iii) by striking ``requirement'' and 
                        inserting ``requirements'';
                          (iv) by striking ``plan described in 
                        paragraph (1)'' and inserting ``program 
                        plan''; and
                          (v) by striking ``grant or contract'' 
                        the second place it appears and 
                        inserting ``period of the grant, 
                        contract, or agreement'';
          (3) by amending subsection (d) to read as follows:
  ``(d) Authorized Activities.--Funds made available under this 
section and section 127 shall be used to carry out workforce 
investment activities (including youth workforce investment 
activities) and provide related assistance for eligible migrant 
and seasonal farmworkers, which may include--
          ``(1) outreach, employment, training, educational 
        assistance, literacy assistance, English language and 
        literacy instruction, pesticide and worker safety 
        training, housing (including permanent housing), 
        supportive services, and school dropout prevention 
        activities;
          ``(2) followup services for those individuals placed 
        in employment;
          ``(3) self-employment and related business or micro-
        enterprise development education as needed by eligible 
        individuals as identified pursuant to the plan required 
        by subsection (c);
          ``(4) customized career and technical education in 
        occupations that will lead to higher wages, enhanced 
        benefits, and long-term employment in agriculture or 
        another area; and
          ``(5) technical assistance to improve coordination of 
        services and implement best practices relating to 
        service delivery through one-stop delivery systems.'';
          (4) by amending subsection (f) to read as follows:
  ``(f) Regulations.--The Secretary shall establish regulations 
to carry out this section, including regulations relating to 
how economic and demographic barriers to employment of eligible 
migrant and seasonal farmworkers should be considered and 
included in the negotiations leading to the adjusted levels of 
performance described in subsection (c).'';
          (5) in subsection (g), by striking ``(enacted by the 
        Single Audit Act of 1984)''; and
          (6) by amending subsection (h) and deleting 
        subsection (i) to read as follows:
  ``(h) Funding Allocation.--From the funds appropriated and 
made available to carry out this section, the Secretary may 
reserve not more than 1 percent for national purposes, such as 
providing technical assistance to eligible entities.''.

SEC. 153. VETERANS WORKFORCE INVESTMENT PROGRAMS.

  Section 168 is amended--
          (1) in subsection (a)(3)(A), by inserting ``, 
        including services provided by one-stop operators and 
        one-stop partners'' before the semicolon;
          (2) in subsection (b)(2)(A), by inserting 
        ``accountability'' after ``performance''; and
          (3) by adding at the end of subsection (b) the 
        following new paragraph:
          ``(3) Performance accountability measures.--In 
        carrying out the responsibilities relating to 
        performance accountability measures described in 
        paragraph (2)(A), the Assistant Secretary for Veterans' 
        Employment and Training shall, for each grant or 
        contract under this section providing education, 
        training, or employment services to veterans, include 
        among such measures the primary indicators of 
        performance described in section 136(b)(2)(A)(i) and 
        adjusted levels of performance for each such indicator 
        that are agreed to by the Assistant Secretary and the 
        recipient of the grant or contract.''.

SEC. 154. REPEAL.

  Section 169 is repealed.

SEC. 155. TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE.

  Section 170 is amended by adding at the end the following new 
subsection:
  ``(c) Promising and Proven Practices Coordination.--
Consistent with the identification and dissemination of 
promising and proven practices under subtitle B of title I, the 
Secretary shall--
          ``(1) establish a system through which States and 
        local areas share information regarding promising and 
        proven practices with regard to the operation of 
        workforce investment activities under this Act;
          ``(2) evaluate and disseminate information regarding 
        such promising and proven practices and identify 
        knowledge gaps; and
          ``(3) commission research under section 170(c) to 
        address knowledge gaps identified under paragraph 
        (2).''.

SEC. 156. INNOVATION PROJECTS.

  Section 171 is amended--
          (1) in the section heading, by striking 
        ``DEMONSTRATION, PILOR, MULTISERVICE, RESEARCH AND 
        MULTISTATE PROJECTS'' and inserting ``INNOVATION 
        PROJECTS'';
          (2) by amending subsections (b) and (c) to read as 
        follows:
  ``(b) Innovation Projects.--
          ``(1) In general.--The Secretary shall, through 
        grants or contracts, carry out demonstration and pilot 
        projects that are consistent with the priorities 
        specified in the plan published under subsection (a) 
        and that are for the purposes of developing and 
        implementing techniques and approaches, and 
        demonstrating the effectiveness of specialized methods, 
        in addressing employment and training needs. Such 
        projects shall--
                  ``(A) include the provision of direct 
                services to individuals;
                  ``(B) be subject to measures of performance 
                that include the primary indicators of 
                performance described in section 136(b)(2)(A) 
                as well as other appropriate indicators; and
                  ``(C) include an evaluation component as 
                appropriate to the program design.
          ``(2) Types of projects.--Such projects may include--
                  ``(A) projects that assist employers in 
                connecting with the workforce investment system 
                established under this Act in order to 
                facilitate the recruitment, employment, and 
                retention of workers for jobs with career 
                pathways and to provide information to such 
                system on skills and high-growth occupations;
                  ``(B) projects that focus on opportunities 
                for employment in industries and sectors of 
                industries that are experiencing, or are likely 
                to experience, high rates of growth, including 
                health care and advanced manufacturing sectors, 
                and have jobs with wages and benefits leading 
                to economic self-sufficiency;
                  ``(C) projects that focus on local 
                partnerships of industry, labor, community 
                colleges, area career and technical education 
                centers community-based organizations, and 
                economic development organizations, to promote 
                opportunities for dislocated workers and long-
                term unemployed to receive training and related 
                services for employment and access to career 
                ladders in high-demand sectors;
                  ``(D) projects to determine the feasibility 
                of, and potential means to replicate, measuring 
                the compensation, including the wages, 
                benefits, and other incentives provided by an 
                employer, received by program participants by 
                using data other than or in addition to data 
                available through wage records, for potential 
                use as a performance indicator;
                  ``(E) projects to develop and implement 
                promising or proven approaches and 
                technologies, including the use of distance 
                education and activities to increase the 
                digital literacy of older individuals, in order 
                to deliver employment related, work-based 
                training services and recognized postsecondary 
                credentials;
                  ``(F) projects that provide retention grants, 
                which grants shall--
                          ``(i) be provided to job training and 
                        apprenticeship programs that have 
                        demonstrated expertise in serving low-
                        income individuals and that offer 
                        instruction, assessment, and 
                        professional coaching, for each low-
                        income individual who is retained in 
                        such employment with such employer for 
                        a period of 1 year; and
                          ``(ii) be provided taking into 
                        account the economic benefit received 
                        by the Federal Government from the 
                        employment and retention of the 
                        individual, including the economic 
                        benefit from tax revenue and decreased 
                        public subsidies;
                  ``(G) projects utilizing a pay-for-
                performance approach for providers of 
                education, training, and employment services to 
                individuals with barriers to employment, 
                including services targeted to addressing the 
                specific challenges and conditions that have 
                created barriers for participants in programs 
                under this Act;
                  ``(H) projects that provide comprehensive 
                education and training services, and support 
                services, in coordination with local boards, 
                for populations in targeted high poverty areas 
                where the greatest barriers to employment 
                exist, including ex-offenders, out-of-school 
                youth, and public assistance recipient 
                populations; and
                  ``(I) projects that seek to replicate 
                exemplary youth programs that have demonstrated 
                effectiveness in 2 or more noncontiguous local 
                areas in preparing youth for success in the 
                workforce.
          ``(3) Conditions.--
                  ``(A) Competitive awards.--Grants or 
                contracts awarded for carrying out 
                demonstration and pilot projects under this 
                subsection shall be awarded on a competitive 
                basis and in accordance with generally 
                applicable Federal requirements.
                  ``(B) Time limits.--The Secretary shall 
                establish appropriate time limits for carrying 
                out demonstration and pilot projects under this 
                subsection.'';
          (3) in subsection (e)(7), by striking ``(Public Law 
        109-58)'' and inserting ``(42 U.S.C. 15852)''; and
          (4) by adding at the end the following:
  ``(f) Small Business Liaison Pilot Program.--
          ``(1) Establishment of small business liaison pilot 
        program.--The Secretary may award competitive grants to 
        local boards, community colleges, postsecondary 
        vocational institutions, community-based organizations, 
        and apprenticeship programs, including joint labor-
        management training programs, in States and outlying 
        areas to promote local economic growth and eliminate 
        gaps between the workforce skills available and the 
        workforce skills needed in local areas or regions.
          ``(2) Application.--To receive a grant under this 
        subsection a local board, community college, or 
        postsecondary vocational institution in a State or 
        outlying area shall submit to the Secretary an 
        application in such manner, at such time, and 
        containing such information as the Secretary may 
        require.
          ``(3) Specifications of grants.--
                  ``(A) Time period.--A grant shall be used 
                over a 36-month period.
                  ``(B) Amount of grant.--In determining the 
                amount of a grant made under this subsection, 
                the Secretary may consider--
                          ``(i) the ability of the grant 
                        applicant to conduct outreach 
                        activities;
                          ``(ii) the ability of the grant 
                        applicant to conduct skills gap 
                        assessments;
                          ``(iii) the extent to which the grant 
                        applicant works with or, after 
                        implementing a strategic skills gap 
                        action plan, plans to work with small 
                        businesses within its local area or 
                        region; and
                          ``(iv) any other factor that the 
                        Secretary deems appropriate.
                  ``(C) Limitations.--
                          ``(i) A recipient may not receive 
                        more than one grant under this 
                        subsection.
                          ``(ii) No grant under this subsection 
                        may be for an amount more than 
                        $500,000.
                          ``(iii) The Secretary shall, in 
                        determining whether to award a grant, 
                        consider the geographic diversity of 
                        grant recipients.
                  ``(D) Use of funds.--
                          ``(i) In general.--A local board, 
                        community college, or postsecondary 
                        vocational institution that receives a 
                        grant under this subsection shall use 
                        the grant funds to pay for a new or 
                        current employee to serve as liaison to 
                        conduct activities described in clause 
                        (ii).
                          ``(ii) Small & local business 
                        liaison.--The liaison--
                                  ``(I) shall--
                                          ``(aa) prepare a 
                                        strategic action skills 
                                        gap assessment;
                                          ``(bb) develop a 
                                        strategic skills gap 
                                        action plan; and
                                          ``(cc) conduct any 
                                        other activity that the 
                                        Secretary deems 
                                        appropriate for the 
                                        purposes of this 
                                        subsection; and
                                  ``(II) may--
                                          ``(aa) engage in 
                                        outreach in the local 
                                        area or region;
                                          ``(bb) conduct 
                                        business site visits, 
                                        interviews, and 
                                        assessments;
                                          ``(cc) consult in the 
                                        implementation of the 
                                        skills action plan;
                                          ``(dd) complete more 
                                        than 1 skills gap 
                                        action plan; and
                                          ``(ee) consult with 
                                        the local offices of 
                                        the Small Business 
                                        Administration.
                          ``(iii) Prohibition.--A grant 
                        received under this subsection may not 
                        be used to supplant existing funding or 
                        efforts.
                  ``(E) Confidentiality of information.--The 
                grant recipient may not disclose the name, 
                address, or contact information of a business, 
                employer, or other person that provided 
                information to the grant recipient to compile 
                information in the strategic skills gap 
                assessment or strategic skills gap action plan 
                without consent of such business, employer, or 
                other person.
          ``(4) Reporting.--Each year, the Secretary shall 
        report to the Congress--
                  ``(A) the number of grants awarded under this 
                subsection;
                  ``(B) the recipients of grants awarded under 
                this subsection;
                  ``(C) the activities carried out by each 
                recipient under paragraph (3)(D); and
                  ``(D) an assessment describing--
                          ``(i) the success of the program to 
                        promote local economic growth and 
                        eliminate gaps between the workforce 
                        skills available and the workforce 
                        skills needed in local areas or 
                        regions; and
                          ``(ii) any recommendations for 
                        reauthorization and expansion of the 
                        program that the Secretary may have.
          ``(5) Definitions.--In this subsection:
                  ``(A) Community college.--The term `community 
                college' has the meaning given the term in 
                section 312(f) of the Higher Education Act of 
                1965 (20 U.S.C. 1058(f)).
                  ``(B) Local area.--The term `local area' 
                means the labor market immediately surrounding 
                or affected by a local board, community 
                college, or postsecondary vocational 
                institution.
                  ``(C) Postsecondary vocational institution.--
                The term `postsecondary vocational institution' 
                has the meaning given the term in section 
                102(c) of the Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 
                U.S.C. 1002(c)).
                  ``(D) Region.--The term `region' means 2 or 
                more local areas that comprise a common labor 
                market for an industry sector of related 
                occupations.
                  ``(E) Strategic skills gap assessment.--The 
                term `strategic skills gap assessment' means an 
                assessment that--
                          ``(i) identifies areas of current and 
                        expected demand for labor and skills in 
                        a specific industry sector of related 
                        occupations that is--
                                  ``(I) producing jobs in the 
                                local area or region involved;
                                  ``(II) developing emerging 
                                jobs in the local area or 
                                region involved; or
                                  ``(III) suffering chronic 
                                worker shortages;
                          ``(ii) identifies the current and 
                        expected supply of labor and skills in 
                        that sector or group in the local area 
                        or region;
                          ``(iii) identifies gaps between the 
                        current and expected demand and supply 
                        of labor and skills in that section or 
                        group in the local area or region;
                          ``(iv) contains the results of a 
                        survey or focus group interviews of 
                        employers, labor organizations, and 
                        other relevant individuals and 
                        organizations in the local area or 
                        region; and
                          ``(v) contains data regarding--
                                  ``(I) specific employment 
                                opportunities offered by 
                                industries in the local area or 
                                region;
                                  ``(II) specific skills 
                                desired for employment 
                                opportunities offered by 
                                industries in the local area or 
                                region;
                                  ``(III) occupations and 
                                positions in the local area or 
                                region that are difficult to 
                                fill;
                                  ``(IV) specific skills 
                                desired for occupations and 
                                positions in the local area or 
                                region that are difficult to 
                                fill;
                                  ``(V) areas of growth and 
                                decline among industries and 
                                occupations in the local area 
                                or region;
                                  ``(VI) specific skills 
                                desired for areas of growth 
                                among industries and 
                                occupations in the local area 
                                or region; and
                                  ``(VII) specific inventories 
                                of skills of unemployed or 
                                underemployed individuals in 
                                the local area or region.
                  ``(F) Strategic skills gap action plan.--The 
                term `strategic skills gap action plan' means a 
                plan based on the strategic skills gap 
                assessment that--
                          ``(i) identifies--
                                  ``(I) specific barriers to 
                                adequate supply of labor and 
                                skills in demand in a specific 
                                industry sector of related 
                                occupations that is producing 
                                jobs in the local area or 
                                region; and
                                  ``(II) activities that will 
                                remove or alleviate the 
                                barriers described in subclause 
                                (I) that could be undertaken by 
                                the local board, community 
                                college, or postsecondary 
                                vocational institution;
                          ``(ii) specifies how the local board, 
                        community college, or postsecondary 
                        vocational institution may integrate 
                        the activities described in clause (i) 
                        within the local area or region; and
                          ``(iii) identifies resources and 
                        strategies that may be used in the 
                        local area or region to address the 
                        skills gaps for both unemployed and 
                        employed workers in that industry 
                        sector.
          ``(6) Authorization of appropriations.--There is 
        authorized to be appropriated to the Secretary such 
        sums as may be necessary to carry out this 
        subsection.''.

SEC. 157. WORKFORCE AND YOUTH INNOVATION AND BEST PRACTICES GRANTS.

  The Workforce Investment Act of 1998 is further amended by 
inserting after section 171 the following new sections:

``SEC. 171A. WORKFORCE INNOVATION AND BEST PRACTICES GRANTS.

  ``(a) Purpose.--It is the purpose of this section to--
          ``(1) promote the development of comprehensive 
        workforce investment systems at the State, regional, 
        and local levels that reflect the alignment of 
        strategies and activities across the core programs and, 
        where appropriate, across other workforce development, 
        education, economic development, and human services 
        programs, to provide effective, high quality, and 
        client-centered services to job seekers and workers, 
        youth, and employers;
          ``(2) promote innovation and to improve, replicate, 
        and expand models and service delivery strategies of 
        demonstrated effectiveness in meeting the education, 
        training, and employment needs of job seekers and 
        workers, and youth, including such individuals with 
        barriers to employment, and employers; and
          ``(3) establish and improve programs for youth that 
        provide access to career pathways that include the 
        attainment of a recognized postsecondary credential or 
        employment that leads to economic self-sufficiency.
  ``(b) Program Authorized.--From amounts appropriated to carry 
out this section, the Secretary of Labor and the Secretary of 
Education, in accordance with section 176, shall--
          ``(1) for the first program year that begins after 
        the date of enactment of the Workforce Investment Act 
        of 2013, award transition grants in accordance with 
        section 175; and
          ``(2) with funds not awarded for transition grants 
        under paragraph (1) for the first program years that 
        begins after the date of enactment of the Workforce 
        Investment Act of 2013, and for subsequent years, award 
        workforce innovation and best practices grants to 
        eligible entities in accordance with subsection (c).
  ``(c) Workforce Innovation and Best Practices Grants to 
Eligible Entities.--
          ``(1) In general.--From funds described in subsection 
        (b)(1), the Secretary of Labor and the Secretary of 
        Education shall award workforce innovation and 
        replication grants on a competitive basis to eligible 
        entities in accordance with paragraph (2) to be used 
        for the purposes set forth in subsection (a).
          ``(2) Eligible entities.--
                  ``(A) In general.--To be eligible to receive 
                a grant under this subsection, a State 
                partnership or regional entity shall meet the 
                requirements of this paragraph, submit an 
                application in accordance with subsection (e), 
                and be in partnership with one or more of the 
                following:
                          ``(i) A nonprofit organization with 
                        relevant expertise, including a 
                        community-based organization.
                          ``(ii) An institution of higher 
                        education, including a community 
                        college.
                          ``(iii) A joint labor-management 
                        partnership.
                  ``(B) State partnership.--For a State 
                partnership to be eligible for funding under 
                this subsection, a Governor of a State shall--
                          ``(i) submit the application in 
                        partnership with the State board and 
                        with 1 or more regional entities in the 
                        State described in subparagraph (C); 
                        and
                          ``(ii) demonstrate that the State 
                        has--
                                  ``(I) aligned the core 
                                programs;
                                  ``(II) made significant 
                                progress towards aligning the 
                                core programs with other 
                                workforce investment programs; 
                                and
                                  ``(III) achieved the 
                                alignments described in 
                                subclauses (I) and (II) 
                                consistent with the State plan.
                  ``(C) Regional entities.--To be identified as 
                a regional entity and to be eligible for 
                funding under this subsection, a local board 
                for a local area that is aligned with a region, 
                or all of the local boards for local areas that 
                comprise a planning region under section 
                116(c), shall demonstrate that--
                          ``(i) the application has been 
                        developed in consultation with the 
                        State and is not duplicative of other 
                        applications under this subsection 
                        submitted by a State partnership; and
                          ``(ii) the local board, or all of the 
                        local boards for the planning region, 
                        has--
                                  ``(I) worked with the core 
                                programs to achieve alignment 
                                of such programs in the region;
                                  ``(II) made significant 
                                progress towards aligning the 
                                core programs with other 
                                workforce investment programs 
                                in the region; and
                                  ``(III) achieved the 
                                alignments described in 
                                subclauses (I) and (II) 
                                consistent with the State plan.
  ``(d) Types of Grants Authorized.--
          ``(1) In general.--From amounts appropriated to carry 
        out this section, the Secretary of Labor and the 
        Secretary of Education shall award eligible entities 
        one or more of the following:
                  ``(A) Planning grant.--The Secretary of Labor 
                and the Secretary of Education may award a 
                planning grant under this section, not to 
                exceed a total of $250,000 for a 1-year period, 
                to an eligible entity that--
                          ``(i) is preparing to establish an 
                        innovative workforce investment 
                        project; and
                          ``(ii) has not received a grant under 
                        this section.
                  ``(B) Innovation grant.--The Secretaries may 
                award an innovation grant under this section, 
                not to exceed a total of $3,000,000 for a 2-
                year period to an eligible entity that--
                          ``(i) has already received a planning 
                        grant under this section; or
                          ``(ii) has already established an 
                        innovative workforce investment 
                        project.
                  ``(C) Sustainability grant.--The Secretaries 
                may award a sustainability grant, not to exceed 
                a total of $2,000,000 for a 2-year period or 
                $5,000,000 for a 5-year period, to an eligible 
                entity that--
                          ``(i) has established an innovative 
                        workforce investment project that has 
                        demonstrated measurable improvements as 
                        measured by the performance measures 
                        set forth in section 136; and
                          ``(ii) seeks to expand or replicate 
                        that project on the State, local, or 
                        regional level.
          ``(2) Federal and non-federal share.--The Federal 
        share for the grants described in paragraph (1) shall 
        be--
                  ``(A) for a planning grant described in 
                paragraph (1)(A), 100 percent;
                  ``(B) for an innovation grant described in 
                paragraph (1)(B)--
                          ``(i) 90 percent of the costs of the 
                        activities carried out under the grant, 
                        in the first year of the grant;
                          ``(ii) 80 percent of such costs in 
                        the second year of the grant; and
                          ``(iii) 70 percent of such costs in 
                        the third year of the grant; and
                  ``(C) for a sustainability grant described in 
                paragraph (1)(C)--
                          ``(i) for an eligible entity that 
                        receives a 2-year grant--
                                  ``(I) not more than 50 
                                percent of the costs of the 
                                activities carried out under 
                                the grant, in the first year of 
                                the grant; and
                                  ``(II) not more than 30 
                                percent of such costs in the 
                                second year of the grant; and
                          ``(ii) for an eligible entity that 
                        receives a 5-year grant--
                                  ``(I) not more than 70 
                                percent of the costs of the 
                                activities carried out under 
                                the grant, in the first year of 
                                the grant;
                                  ``(II) not more than 60 
                                percent of such costs in the 
                                second year of the grant;
                                  ``(III) not more than 50 
                                percent of such costs in the 
                                third year of the grant;
                                  ``(IV) not more than 40 
                                percent of such costs in the 
                                fourth year of the grant; and
                                  ``(V) not more than 30 
                                percent of such costs in the 
                                fifth year of the grant.
          ``(3) Non-federal share.--The non-Federal share of an 
        innovation or sustainability grant under this section 
        may be in cash or in-kind, and may come from State, 
        local, philanthropic, private, or other resources.
          ``(4) Financial hardship waiver.--The Secretary of 
        Labor and the Secretary of Education may waive or 
        reduce the matching share of an eligible entity that 
        has submitted an application under this subsection if 
        such entity demonstrates a need for such waiver or 
        reduction due to financial hardship as defined by the 
        Secretary of Labor and the Secretary of Education.
          ``(5) Fiscal agent.--Each eligible entity that is a 
        State consortia or partnership receiving a grant under 
        this subsection shall designate an entity in the 
        partnership as the fiscal agent for purposes of this 
        grant.
          ``(6) Supplement not supplant.--Federal funds awarded 
        under this section shall be used to supplement, not 
        supplant non-Federal resources that would be used to 
        support activities carried out as part of the 
        innovative workforce investment project.
          ``(7) Grant period.--
                  ``(A) Planning grants.--Grants awarded under 
                paragraph (1)(A) shall be made for a period of 
                not longer than 1 year.
                  ``(B) Innovation grant.--Grants awarded under 
                paragraph (1)(B) shall be made for a period of 
                no longer than 3 years.
                  ``(C) Sustainability grant.--Grants awarded 
                under paragraph (1)(C) shall be made for a 
                period of no longer than 5 years.
  ``(e) Application.--An eligible entity seeking a grant under 
this section shall submit an application to the Secretary of 
Labor and the Secretary of Education at such time, in such 
manner, and containing such information as the Secretary of 
Labor and the Secretary of Education may require. An 
application submitted under this paragraph may include the 
following:
          ``(1) A description of the eligible entity, evidence 
        of the eligible entity's capacity to carry out 
        activities in support of the strategic objectives 
        identified in the application under paragraph (4), and, 
        if the eligible entity is a partnership, a description 
        of the expected participation and responsibilities of 
        each of the partners.
          ``(2) A description of the industry or targeted 
        industry cluster that will be served through the 
        project, including a description of how the skilled 
        workforce needs of small- and medium-sized employers 
        connected with that industry or industries will be 
        addressed.
          ``(3) A description of the target worker populations 
        to be served through the project, including a 
        description of target worker populations with 
        significant barriers to employment and a description of 
        strategies that will be used to help overcome such 
        barriers.
          ``(4) A description of the strategic objectives that 
        the eligible entity seeks to achieve through the funded 
        project for--
                  ``(A) implementing career pathways 
                strategies, which may include--
                          ``(i) providing clear linkages 
                        between remedial, academic and 
                        occupational programs within 
                        educational institutions, and 
                        articulation of credits across 
                        institutions;
                          ``(ii) designing curricula in terms 
                        of competencies required for education 
                        and career advancement, and, where 
                        possible, tied to industry skill 
                        standards, certifications or licensing 
                        requirements including those developed 
                        by industry or sector partnerships;
                          ``(iii) offering programs at times 
                        and places (including workplaces) 
                        convenient for working adults and 
                        structured in small modules or 
                        `chunks', each leading to recognized 
                        credential;
                          ``(iv) allowing flexibility to enter 
                        and exit education as participants' 
                        circumstances permit;
                          ``(v) providing support services, 
                        including career assessment and 
                        counseling, case management, child 
                        care, transportation, financial aid and 
                        job placement;
                          ``(vi) creating `bridge programs' for 
                        educationally disadvantaged youths and 
                        adults that teach basic skills such as 
                        office communication, math and problem 
                        solving in the context of training for 
                        advancement to better jobs and 
                        postsecondary training; and
                          ``(vii) aligning both public and 
                        private funding sources, such as the 
                        Carl D. Perkins Career and Technical 
                        Education Act, Workforce Investment 
                        Act, Adult Education and Family 
                        Literacy Act, Temporary Assistance to 
                        Needy Families, State and Federal 
                        financial aid, and employer tuition 
                        reimbursement;
                  ``(B) implementing industry or sector 
                partnerships, which may include-
                          ``(i) recruiting key stakeholders in 
                        the targeted industry cluster, such as 
                        multiple businesses and employers, 
                        labor organizations, local boards, and 
                        education and training providers, and 
                        regularly convening the stakeholders in 
                        a collaborative structure that supports 
                        the sharing of information, ideas, and 
                        challenges common to the targeted 
                        industry cluster;
                          ``(ii) identifying the training needs 
                        of multiple businesses, especially 
                        skill gaps critical to competitiveness 
                        and innovation in the targeted industry 
                        cluster;
                          ``(iii) facilitating economies of 
                        scale by aggregating training and 
                        education needs of multiple employers;
                          ``(iv) helping postsecondary 
                        educational institutions, training 
                        institutions, apprenticeship programs, 
                        area career and technical education 
                        centers, and all other training 
                        programs authorized under this Act, 
                        align curricula, entrance requirements 
                        and programs to industry demand and 
                        nationally portable, recognized 
                        postsecondary credentials (or, if not 
                        available for the targeted industry, 
                        other credentials, as determined 
                        appropriate by the Secretary), 
                        particularly for higher skill, high-
                        priority occupations validated by the 
                        industry;
                          ``(v) ensuring that the State agency 
                        carrying out the State program under 
                        the Wagner-Peyser Act (29 U.S.C. 49 et 
                        seq.), including staff of the agency 
                        that provide services under such Act, 
                        shall inform recipients of unemployment 
                        insurance of the job and training 
                        opportunities that may result from the 
                        implementation of this grant;
                          ``(vi) informing and collaborating 
                        with organizations such as youth 
                        councils, business-education 
                        partnerships, apprenticeship programs, 
                        secondary schools, and postsecondary 
                        educational institutions, and with 
                        parents and career counselors, for the 
                        purpose of addressing the challenges of 
                        connecting disadvantaged adults and 
                        disadvantaged youth as defined in 
                        section in this Act to careers;
                          ``(vii) helping companies identify, 
                        and work together to address, common 
                        organizational and human resource 
                        challenges, such as--
                                  ``(I) recruiting new workers;
                                  ``(II) implementing effective 
                                workplace practices;
                                  ``(III) retraining dislocated 
                                and incumbent workers;
                                  ``(IV) implementing a high-
                                performance work organization;
                                  ``(V) recruiting and 
                                retaining women in 
                                nontraditional occupation;
                                  ``(VI) adopting new 
                                technologies; and
                                  ``(VII) fostering 
                                experiential and contextualized 
                                on-the-job learning;
                          ``(viii) developing and strengthening 
                        career ladders within and across 
                        companies, in order to enable 
                        dislocated, incumbent and entry-level 
                        workers to improve skills and advance 
                        to higher-wage jobs;
                          ``(ix) improving job quality through 
                        improving wages, benefits, and working 
                        conditions;
                          ``(x) helping partner companies, 
                        industry or sector partnerships to 
                        attract potential employees from a 
                        diverse job seeker base, including 
                        individuals with barriers to employment 
                        (such as job seekers who are low 
                        income, youth, older workers, and 
                        individuals who have completed a term 
                        of imprisonment), by identifying such 
                        barriers through analysis of the 
                        existing labor market and implementing 
                        strategies to help such workers 
                        overcome such barriers; and
                          ``(xi) strengthening connections 
                        among businesses in the targeted 
                        industry cluster, leading to 
                        cooperation beyond workforce issues 
                        that will improve competitiveness and 
                        job quality, such as joint purchasing, 
                        market research, or centers for 
                        technology and innovation; and
                  ``(C) implementing credential attainment and 
                measurement strategies, which may include--
                          ``(i) establishing a cross agency 
                        committee (such as the State workforce 
                        investment board, a legislative task 
                        force, a P-20 Council, or some other 
                        agreed upon group) that is specifically 
                        focused on low and middle skill 
                        education and training outcomes to 
                        measure credential attainment through 
                        the State's workforce investment and 
                        training programs, by--
                                  ``(I) tracking, counting, 
                                measuring and public reporting 
                                credential attainment rates for 
                                all programs providing 
                                education and training beyond a 
                                high school diploma but less 
                                than a 4-year degree;
                                  ``(II) measuring the result 
                                of workforce training programs 
                                leading to an recognized 
                                postsecondary credential, 
                                certificate of degree;
                                  ``(III) establishing 
                                statewide policies, goals, and 
                                guidelines for the collection 
                                of credential outcome data for 
                                all employment and training 
                                programs and related programs 
                                and services within the State;
                                  ``(IV) engaging other related 
                                departments and agencies that 
                                may have data or are involved 
                                in activities related to 
                                workforce development and job 
                                training;
                                  ``(V) establishing standards 
                                and data collection 
                                infrastructure to assess the 
                                number of industry-recognized 
                                middle skill credentials or 
                                certificates produced through 
                                Federal or State programs, and 
                                their relation to labor market 
                                needs;
                                  ``(VI) setting credential 
                                attainment goals in high demand 
                                industry sector then monitor 
                                and measure progress over time; 
                                and
                                  ``(VII) providing an annual 
                                assessment and report to the 
                                Governor and Legislature about 
                                the type of credential outcomes 
                                produced by programs and 
                                provide recommendations to 
                                better align efforts across 
                                agencies to meet employer 
                                demand;
                          ``(ii) ensuring the collection of 
                        credential outcome data from a range of 
                        public workforce and education programs 
                        to ensure State agencies and programs 
                        are increasing the number of workers 
                        with the skills and credentials needed 
                        to fill the projected demand for middle 
                        and high skilled jobs;
                          ``(iii) using the data in order to 
                        assess workforce system outcomes, 
                        establish credential attainment goals, 
                        measure progress, and hold agencies 
                        accountable to increase the skills of 
                        the workforce; and
                          ``(iv) developing a comprehensive 
                        workforce system report that provides 
                        individual agency outcomes and 
                        statewide representation of the 
                        credential attainment outcomes of the 
                        State's workforce investment system.
          ``(5) A description of a pay-for-performance approach 
        for providers of education, training, and employment 
        services to individuals with barriers to employment, 
        including services targeted to addressing the specific 
        challenges and conditions that have created barriers 
        for participants in programs under this Act.
  ``(f) Award Basis.--
          ``(1) Geographic distribution.--The Secretary of 
        Labor and the Secretary of Education shall award 
        competitive grants under this section in a manner to 
        ensure geographic diversity.
          ``(2) Priorities.--In awarding grants under this 
        section, the Secretaries shall give priority to 
        eligible entities that--
                  ``(A) provide evidence of past or current 
                investments in workforce innovation projects 
                that incorporate one or more of the priority 
                strategies;
                  ``(B) focus on addressing the skill needs of 
                multiple employers, including small- and 
                medium-sized businesses; or
                  ``(C) target services to low-income 
                individuals, low-skill individuals, long-term 
                unemployed, and other populations with barriers 
                to employment.
  ``(g) Activities.--
          ``(1) In general.--An eligible entity receiving a 
        grant under this section shall carry out the activities 
        necessary to meet the strategic objectives, including 
        planning activities if applicable, described in the 
        entity's application in a manner that--
                  ``(A) integrates services and funding sources 
                in a way that enhances the effectiveness of the 
                activities; and
                  ``(B) uses grant funds awarded under this 
                section efficiently.
          ``(2) Administrative costs.--An eligible entity may 
        retain a portion of a grant awarded under this section 
        for a fiscal year to carry out the administration of 
        this section in an amount not to exceed 5 percent of 
        the grant amount.
  ``(h) Evaluation and Progress Reports.--
          ``(1) In general.--Not later than 1 year after 
        receiving a grant under this section, and annually 
        thereafter during the grant period, an eligible entity 
        shall report to the Secretary of Labor and the 
        Secretary of Education, and to the Governor of the 
        State that the eligible entity serves, on the spending 
        and activities funded pursuant to a grant under this 
        section, including an evaluation of the progress the 
        eligible entity has made toward the strategic 
        objectives identified in the application and measure 
        the progress using the performance accountability 
        measures identified in the application.
          ``(2) Public availability.--The Secretary shall 
        transmit such reports to the Congress and make such 
        reports available to the public.
  ``(i) Administration by the Secretaries.--
          ``(1) Administrative costs.--The Secretaries may 
        jointly retain a total of not more than 3 percent of 
        the funds appropriated to carry out this section for 
        each fiscal year to administer this section, including 
        technical assistance and evaluation activities.
          ``(2) Technical assistance and oversight.--The 
        Secretaries shall provide technical assistance and 
        oversight to assist the eligible entities in applying 
        for and administering grants awarded under this 
        section, including technical assistance and through the 
        collection and dissemination of information on best 
        practices.
          ``(3) Performance accountability measures.--The 
        Secretaries shall issue a range of performance 
        measures, with quantifiable benchmarks, and 
        methodologies that eligible entities may use to 
        evaluate the effectiveness of each type of activity in 
        making progress toward the strategic objectives 
        described in the application. Such measures shall 
        consider the benefits of the innovative workforce 
        development projects and its activities for workers, 
        firms, industries, and communities.
          ``(4) Dissemination.--The Secretaries shall--
                  ``(A) coordinate the annual review of each 
                eligible entity receiving a grant under this 
                section and produce an overview report that, at 
                a minimum, includes each funded project and 
                best practices identified;
                  ``(B) make resource materials, including all 
                reports published and all data collected under 
                this section, available on the Internet; and
                  ``(C) conduct conferences and seminars to--
                          ``(i) disseminate information on best 
                        practices developed by eligible 
                        entities receiving a grant under this 
                        section; and
                          ``(ii) provide information to 
                        interested stakeholders.
          ``(5) Report to congress.--Not later than 24 months 
        after the date of enactment of the Workforce Investment 
        Act of 2013 and on an annual basis thereafter, the 
        Secretaries shall transmit a report to Congress on the 
        grant program established by this section. The report 
        shall include a description of--
                  ``(A) the eligible entities receiving 
                funding;
                  ``(B) the spending and activities carried out 
                by the eligible entities;
                  ``(C) how the eligible entities were selected 
                to receive funding under this section; and
                  ``(D) an assessment of the results achieved 
                by the grant program including findings from 
                the annual reviews conducted under subsection 
                (i).

``SEC. 171B. YOUTH INNOVATION AND BEST PRACTICES GRANTS.

  ``(a) Program Authorized.--
          ``(1) In general.--The Secretary of Labor and the 
        Secretary of Education, shall--
                  ``(A) for the first program year that begins 
                after the date of enactment of the Workforce 
                Investment Act of 2012, award transition grants 
                in accordance with section 176; and
                  ``(B) with funds not awarded for transition 
                grants under paragraph (1) for the first 
                program year that begins after the date of 
                enactment of the Workforce Investment Act of 
                2012, and with the funds reserved for each 
                program year thereafter, award youth innovation 
                and replication grants to eligible entities 
                described in subsection (c) for the purposes 
                described in subsection (b).
  ``(b) Authorization and Purpose of Grants.--
          ``(1) In general.--From funds appropriated pursuant 
        to section 174, the Secretary of Labor and the 
        Secretary of Education shall award youth innovation and 
        replication grants on a competitive basis to eligible 
        entities described in subsection (c).
          ``(2) Use of funds.--The grants awarded under this 
        section shall be used to support the demonstration of 
        innovative new strategies and activities, or the 
        replication and expansion of effective evidence-based 
        strategies and activities that are designed to 
        substantially improve education and employment outcomes 
        for eligible youth, including preparation for post 
        secondary education and training and for careers. Such 
        strategies and activities shall include--
                  ``(A) establishing career pathways in in-
                demand industry sectors and occupations for 
                eligible youth, in collaboration with other 
                Federal, State, and local programs, and public 
                and private entities;
                  ``(B) developing and implementing a 
                comprehensive strategy, for an area of high 
                poverty, that provides education and training 
                programs, resources, and other activities that 
                prepare youth for postsecondary education and 
                training and for employment that leads to 
                economic self-sufficiency;
                  ``(C) developing and implementing strategies 
                and activities that provide opportunities for 
                youth with disabilities to receive education, 
                training, and employment services that lead to 
                a recognized postsecondary credential or 
                integrated, competitive employment, including 
                through incorporating elements of the 
                individualized education program and related 
                services under the Individuals with 
                Disabilities in Education Act;
                  ``(D) developing and implementing evidence-
                based strategies and activities, such as--
                          ``(i) education offered concurrently 
                        and contextually with workforce 
                        preparation and training for a specific 
                        occupation or occupational cluster;
                          ``(ii) career academies;
                          ``(iii) dropout prevention and 
                        recovery strategies;
                          ``(iv) paid or unpaid work 
                        experience, including summer employment 
                        opportunities and employment 
                        opportunities available throughout the 
                        school year, combined with academic 
                        learning leading to a recognized 
                        postsecondary credential;
                          ``(v) innovative programs for youth 
                        facing multiple barriers to employment 
                        that arrange for the provision of or 
                        provide supportive services combined 
                        with education, training, including 
                        preparation for postsecondary education 
                        and training, or employment activities; 
                        or
                          ``(vi) to include youth service and 
                        conservation corps programs in which a 
                        project undertaken is credited as 
                        qualifying experience for higher 
                        education, job training, or careers in 
                        public service; or
                  ``(E) other evidence-based strategies or 
                activities designed to improve the education 
                and employment outcomes for youth.
  ``(c) Eligible Entities and Application.--
          ``(1) Eligible entities.--An entity eligible to 
        receive a grant under this section shall include--
                  ``(A)(i) the Governor of a State in 
                coordination with the State board and with a 
                local board for a local area that is aligned 
                with a region, or with all boards for local 
                areas that comprise a planning region, under 
                section 116(c); or
                  ``(ii) a local board for a local area that is 
                aligned with a region, or all local boards for 
                local areas that comprise a planning region, 
                under section 116(c), in consultation with the 
                standing committee on youth associated with the 
                local board; and
                  ``(B) one or more of the following:
                          ``(i) A State education agency.
                          ``(ii) A local education agency.
                          ``(iii) A nonprofit organization with 
                        expertise serving eligible youth, 
                        including a community-based 
                        organization, youth corps, or an 
                        intermediary.
                          ``(iv) An institution of higher 
                        education, including a community 
                        college and an area career and 
                        technical education center.
                          ``(v) A joint labor-management 
                        partnership.
          ``(2) Application.--To receive a grant under this 
        subsection, an eligible entity shall submit an 
        application to the Secretary of Labor and the Secretary 
        of Education at such time, in such manner, and 
        containing such information, consistent with this 
        paragraph, as the Secretaries may require. Each such 
        application shall describe the innovation and 
        replication strategies and activities that the eligible 
        entity will carry out to strengthen the workforce 
        investment system in the State or region in order to 
        substantially improve education and employment outcomes 
        for youth, such as youth with disabilities, served by 
        such system, and may include--
                  ``(A) a description of the region in the 
                State or the State, as applicable, that will be 
                the focus of grant activities, including 
                analyses of economic conditions, skill needs, 
                the workforce, and the workforce development 
                services (including the strengths and 
                weaknesses of such services and the capacity to 
                provide such services) that are relevant to the 
                proposed strategies and activities that would 
                be carried out under the grant;
                  ``(B) a description of the youth populations 
                to be served, including individuals with 
                barriers to employment who are youth, and the 
                skill needs of those populations;
                  ``(C) a description of the promising 
                strategies and activities the eligible entity 
                is proposing to demonstrate, or the evidence-
                based strategies and activities that the 
                eligible entity is proposing to expand or 
                replicate;
                  ``(D) a description of how the eligible 
                entity will meaningfully involve youth in the 
                design and implementation of the proposed 
                strategies and activities;
                  ``(E) a description of how, in carrying out 
                such strategies and activities, the eligible 
                entity will--
                          ``(i) collaborate to leverage 
                        resources among strategic partners to 
                        achieve the purposes of the grant, and 
                        to provide the matching share described 
                        in subsection (d)(2); and
                          ``(ii) ensure the sustainability of 
                        the programs and activities supported 
                        by the grant after grant funds are no 
                        longer available;
                  ``(F) a description of how the strategies and 
                activities will be aligned with the State plan 
                and the local plans in the region of the State 
                that will be the focus of grant activities;
                  ``(G) a description of the outcomes, 
                including outcomes for the performance 
                accountability measures based on indicators of 
                performance described in section 
                136(b)(2)(A)(ii), to be achieved by the 
                proposed strategies and activities; and
                  ``(H) a description of how the eligible 
                entity will--
                          ``(i) use technology;
                          ``(ii) collect data;
                          ``(iii) made data publicly available; 
                        and
                          ``(iv) use technology and date to 
                        improve program delivery, activities, 
                        and administration.
  ``(d) Matching Funds Requirements.--
          ``(1) Innovation fund share.--The amount of the share 
        of the funds provided under this section shall be not 
        greater than 50 percent of the cost of the programs and 
        activities that are carried out under the grant.
          ``(2) Matching share.--
                  ``(A) In general.--
                          ``(i) Amount.--The amount of the 
                        matching share under this subsection 
                        for a program year may not be less than 
                        50 percent of the costs of the programs 
                        and activities that are carried out 
                        under the grant.
                          ``(ii) In cash or kind.--The matching 
                        share may be in cash or in kind (fairly 
                        evaluated).
                          ``(iii) Sources.--Not more than 50 
                        percent of the matching share required 
                        under this subsection may be provided 
                        from Federal resources, of which not 
                        less than 50 percent shall be provided 
                        from Federal resources from the partner 
                        programs identified in the application 
                        other than resources provided under the 
                        core programs. Non-Federal sources for 
                        the matching share may include State 
                        resources, local resources, 
                        contributions from private 
                        organizations, or a combination of such 
                        resources and contributions.
                  ``(B) Financial hardship waiver.--The 
                Secretary of Labor and the Secretary of 
                Education may waive or reduce the matching 
                share of an eligible entity that has submitted 
                an application under this subsection if such 
                entity demonstrates a need for such waiver or 
                reduction due to extreme financial hardship as 
                defined by the Secretary of Labor and the 
                Secretary of Education.
                  ``(C) Supplement not supplant.--The Federal 
                and matching share required by this subsection 
                shall be used to supplement and not supplant 
                other Federal and State funds used to carry out 
                activities described in this subsection.
  ``(e) Grant Period.--Grants awarded under this subsection 
shall be awarded for periods of not more than 3 years in 
duration and may not be renewed.
  ``(f) Reporting.--The Secretary of Labor and the Secretary of 
Education are authorized to establish appropriate reporting 
requirements for grantees under this subsection.
  ``(g) Technical Assistance and Evaluation.--For each program 
year for which funds are available to carry out this section, 
the Secretary of Labor and the Secretary of Education may 
reserve a total of not more than 3 percent of the amount 
available to carry out this subsection to provide technical 
assistance to applicants and grantees under this subsection and 
to evaluate projects carried out under this subsection. The 
Secretaries shall ensure that the results of the evaluations 
are publicly available, including through electronic means.''.

SEC. 158. EVALUATIONS.

  Section 172 is amended--
          (1) in subsection (a)(2), by inserting 
        ``accountability'' after ``performance'';
          (2) in subsection (c)--
                  (A) by striking ``as least'' and inserting 
                ``at least''; and
                  (B) by striking ``2005'' and inserting 
                ``2016'';
          (3) in subsection (e), by striking ``Labor and Human 
        Resources'' and inserting ``Health, Education, Labor, 
        and Pensions'';
          (4) by redesignating subsection (f) as subsection (g) 
        and inserting after subsection (e) the following new 
        subsection:
  ``(f) Publication of Reports.--If an entity that enters into 
a contract or other arrangement with the Secretary to conduct 
an evaluation of a program or activity under this section 
requests permission from the Secretary to publish a report 
resulting from the evaluation, such entity may publish the 
report unless the Secretary denies the request during the 90-
day period beginning on the date the Secretary receives such 
request.''.

SEC. 159. NATIONAL DISLOCATED WORKER GRANTS.

  Section 173 is amended--
          (1) in the section heading, by striking ``EMERGENCY'' 
        and inserting ``DISLOCATED WORKER'';
          (2) by striking subsection (b) and redesignating 
        subsection (a) as subsection (b), and inserting before 
        such redesignated subsection the following new 
        subsection:
  ``(a) Definitions.--In this section--
          ``(1) the term `emergency or disaster' means--
                  ``(A) an emergency or a major disaster, as 
                defined in paragraphs (1) and (2), 
                respectively, of section 102 of the Robert T. 
                Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency 
                Assistance Act (42 U.S.C. 5122 (1) and (2)); or
                  ``(B) an emergency or disaster situation of 
                national significance that could result in a 
                potentially large loss of employment, as 
                declared or otherwise recognized by the chief 
                official of a Federal agency with authority for 
                or jurisdiction over the Federal response to 
                the emergency or disaster situation; and
          ``(2) the term `disaster area' means an area that has 
        suffered or in which has occurred an emergency or 
        disaster.'';
          (3) in subsection (b) (as so redesignated)--
                  (A) by striking paragraph (4) and 
                redesignating paragraphs (1) through (3) and 
                (4) as subparagraphs (A) through (C), 
                respectively, and moving such subparagraphs (as 
                so redesignated) 2 ems to the right;
                  (B) in the matter preceding subparagraph (A) 
                (as so redesignated)--
                          (i) by striking ``The Secretary'' and 
                        inserting:
          ``(1) Grants.--The Secretary''; and
                          (ii) by striking ``emergency grants 
                        in a timely manner'' and inserting 
                        ``dislocated worker grants'';
                  (C) in subparagraph (A) (as so redesignated), 
                by striking ``subsection (c)'' and inserting 
                ``subsection (c)(1)(B)'';
                  (D) in subsection (B) (as so redesignated), 
                by striking ``an area that has suffered'' and 
                all that follows and insert ``a disaster area, 
                to provide disaster relief employment in the 
                disaster area'';
                  (E) in subparagraph (C) (as so redesignated), 
                by striking ``paragraphs (1) and (2)'' and 
                inserting ``subparagraphs (A) and (B)''; and
                  (F) by inserting after subparagraph (C) the 
                following:
                  ``(D) to provide additional assistance to a 
                State board or local board serving an area 
                where--
                          ``(i) a higher-than-average demand 
                        for employment and training activities 
                        for dislocated members of the Armed 
                        Forces, spouses described in section 
                        101(14)(E), or members of the Armed 
                        Forces described in subsection 
                        (c)(2)(A)(iv), exceeds State and local 
                        resources for providing such 
                        activities; and
                          ``(ii) such activities are to be 
                        carried out in partnership with the 
                        Department of Defense and Department of 
                        Veterans Affairs transition assistance 
                        programs; and
                  ``(E) from funds appropriated under section 
                174(c), to a State or entity described in 
                subsection (c)(1)(B) to carry out--
                          ``(i) subsection (e), including 
                        providing assistance to eligible 
                        individuals; and
                          ``(ii) subsection (f), including 
                        providing assistance to eligible 
                        individuals.
          ``(2) Decisions and obligations.--The Secretary shall 
        issue a final decision on a complete application for a 
        national dislocated worker grant under this subsection 
        not later than 45 calendar days after receipt of the 
        application.'';
          (4) in subsection (c)--
                  (A) in paragraph (1)(A), by striking 
                ``subsection (a)(1)'' and inserting 
                ``subsection (b)(1)(B)''; and
                  (B) in paragraph (2)--
                          (i) in the matter preceding 
                        subparagraph (A), by striking 
                        ``emergency'' and inserting 
                        ``dislocated worker''; and
                          (ii) in subparagraph (C), by striking 
                        ``emergency'' and inserting 
                        ``dislocated worker'';
          (5) in subsection (d)--
                  (A) by striking ``subsection (a)(2)'' each 
                place it appears and inserting ``subsection 
                (b)(1)(B)'';
                  (B) in paragraph (1)(A)--
                          (i) by inserting ``, in coordination 
                        with the Administrator of the Federal 
                        Emergency Management Agency, as 
                        applicable,'' after ``shall be used''; 
                        and
                          (ii) by striking ``structures'' and 
                        inserting ``public structures'';
                  (C) in paragraph (2), by inserting 
                ``emergency or'' after ``consequence of the'';
                  (D) in paragraph (3)--
                          (i) by striking ``No individual'' and 
                        inserting:
                  ``(A) In general.--Except as provided in 
                subparagraph (B), no individual'';
                          (ii) by striking ``natural disaster'' 
                        and inserting ``emergency or 
                        disaster''; and
                          (iii) by adding at the end the 
                        following new subparagraph:
                  ``(B) Extension.--At the request of a State, 
                the Secretary may extend such employment, 
                related to recovery from a single emergency or 
                disaster involving the State, for not more than 
                an additional 6 months.''; and
                  (E) by adding at the end the following new 
                paragraphs:
          ``(4) Use of available funds.--Funds made available 
        under subsection (b)(1)(B) shall be available to assist 
        workers described in paragraph (2) who are affected by 
        an emergency or disaster, including workers who have 
        relocated from an area in which an emergency or 
        disaster has been declared or otherwise recognized, as 
        appropriate. Under conditions determined by the 
        Secretary and following notification to the Secretary, 
        a State may use such funds, that are appropriated for 
        any fiscal year and available for expenditure under any 
        grant awarded to the State under this section, to 
        provide any assistance authorized under this 
        subsection. Funds used pursuant to the authority 
        provided under this paragraph shall be subject to the 
        liability and reimbursement requirements described in 
        paragraph (5).
          ``(5) Liability and reimbursement.--Nothing in this 
        Act shall be construed to relieve liability, by a 
        responsible party that is liable under Federal law, for 
        any costs incurred by the United States under 
        subsection (b)(1)(B) or this subsection, including the 
        responsibility to provide reimbursement for such costs 
        to the United States.'';
          (6) by striking subsection (e) and redesignating 
        subsections (f) and (g) as subsections (e) and (f), 
        respectively;
          (7) in subsection (e) (as so redesignated)--
                  (A) by striking ``paragraph (4)(A) of 
                subsection (a)'' each place it appears and 
                inserting ``subsection (b)(1)(E)(i)'';
                  (B) in paragraph (1)--
                          (i) in subparagraph (A), by striking 
                        ``clauses (i) through (v)'' and 
                        inserting ``clauses (i) through (iv)'';
                          (ii) in subparagraph (B)(iii), by 
                        striking ``enactment of this clause'' 
                        and inserting ``enactment of the 
                        American Recovery and Reinvestment Act 
                        of 2009 (Public Law 111-5, 123 Stat. 
                        115)''; and
                          (iii) in subparagraph (C), by 
                        striking ``subsection (g)'' and 
                        inserting ``subsection (f)'';
                  (C) in paragraph (2), by striking 
                ``subsection (g)'' and inserting ``subsection 
                (f)'';
                  (D) in paragraph (3)(A)(i), by striking ``not 
                later than'' and inserting ``notwithstanding 
                subsection (b)(2), not later than''; and
                  (E) in paragraph (7)(A)--
                          (i) in clause (i), by striking 
                        ``section 4980B'' and inserting 
                        ``section 4980B(f)(4)''; and
                          (ii) in clause (ii)(I), by striking 
                        ``clause (i), (ii), or (vi) of 
                        paragraph (2)(A))'' and inserting 
                        ``subparagraph (A), (B), or (F) of 
                        section 35(e)(1) of such Code)''; and
          (8) in subsection (f), (as so redesignated)--
                  (A) by striking ``paragraph (4)(A) of 
                subsection (a)'' each place it appears and 
                inserting ``subsection (b)(1)(E)(i)'';
                  (B) in paragraph (1), by striking 
                ``subsection (f)(1)(A)'' and inserting 
                ``subsection (e)(1)(A)''; and
                  (C) in paragraph (4)--
                          (i) in subparagraph (A)--
                                  (I) in the matter preceding 
                                clause (i), by striking ``this 
                                subsection'' and inserting 
                                ``subsection (b)(1)(E)(ii)''; 
                                and
                                  (II) in clause (i), by 
                                striking ``not later than'' and 
                                inserting ``notwithstanding 
                                subsection (b)(2), not later 
                                than''; and
                          (ii) in subparagraph (B), by striking 
                        ``174(c)(1)(B)'' and inserting 
                        ``subsection (b)(1)(E)(ii)''.

SEC. 160. YOUTHBUILD PROGRAM.

  Section 173A is amended--
          (1) in subsection (a)--
                  (A) in paragraph (3), by striking ``; and'' 
                and inserting a semicolon;
                  (B) in paragraph (4), by striking the period 
                and inserting ``; and''; and
                  (C) by inserting after paragraph (4) the 
                following new paragraph:
          ``(5) to improve the quality and energy efficiency of 
        community and other nonprofit and public facilities, 
        including those facilities that are used to serve 
        homeless and low-income families.'';
          (2) in subsection (b)--
                  (A) by striking paragraph (8) and 
                redesignating paragraphs (9) through (13) as 
                paragraphs (8) through (12), respectively;
                  (B) in paragraph (11) (as so redesignated), 
                by striking ``means housing provided'' and all 
                that follows and inserting ``has the meaning 
                given the term in section 401(29) of the 
                McKinney-Vento Homeless Assistance Act (42 
                U.S.C. 11360(29)).''; and
                  (C) in paragraph (12) (as so redesignated), 
                by striking ``or construction'' and inserting 
                ``construction, or energy efficiency 
                enhancement'';
          (3) in subsection (c)--
                  (A) in paragraph (2)--
                          (i) in subparagraph (A)(i), by 
                        striking ``or construction'' and 
                        inserting ``construction, or energy 
                        efficiency enhancement'';
                          (ii) in subparagraph (A)(iv)--
                                  (I) in subclause (II), by 
                                striking ``individuals with 
                                limited English proficiency'' 
                                and inserting ``participants 
                                who are English language 
                                learners''; and
                                  (II) in subclause (III), by 
                                striking ``General Education 
                                Development (GED) credential, 
                                or other State-recognized 
                                equivalent (including 
                                recognized alternative 
                                standard'' and inserting ``or 
                                its recognized equivalent 
                                including recognized 
                                certificates of attendance or 
                                similar documents'';
                          (iii) in subparagraph (A)(vii)--
                                  (I) by striking ``supportive 
                                services''; and
                                  (II) by inserting ``or 
                                training'' after 
                                ``postsecondary education'';
                          (iv) in subparagraph (B), by striking 
                        ``or construction'' and inserting 
                        ``construction, or energy efficiency 
                        enhancement'';
                          (v) in subparagraph (C)--
                                  (I) by striking ``or 
                                construction'' and inserting 
                                ``construction, or energy 
                                efficiency enhancement''; and
                                  (II) by striking ``10 
                                percent'' and inserting ``15 
                                percent''; and
                          (vi) in subparagraph (D), by 
                        inserting ``, including recruitment and 
                        selection of participants,'';
                  (B) in paragraph (3)(B)--
                          (i) in clause (i), by inserting 
                        ``construction and'' after 
                        ``opportunities in'';
                          (ii) in clauses (iii) and (vi), by 
                        striking ``or construction'' each place 
                        it appears and inserting 
                        ``construction, or energy efficiency 
                        enhancement'';
                          (iii) in clause (x), by striking 
                        ``vocational education'' and inserting 
                        ``career and technical education and 
                        training'';
                          (iv) in clause (xii)--
                                  (I) by striking ``results'' 
                                and inserting ``levels'';
                                  (II) by striking ``common'' 
                                and inserting ``primary''; and
                                  (III) by striking ``youth and 
                                lifelong learning, as 
                                identified by the Secretary'' 
                                and inserting ``eligible youth 
                                described in section 
                                136(b)(2)(A)(ii)'';
                          (v) in clause (xvi)--
                                  (I) in subclause (II), by 
                                inserting ``energy efficiency 
                                enhancement'' after 
                                ``construction''; and
                                  (II) in subclause (III), by 
                                striking ``vocational 
                                education'' and inserting 
                                ``career and technical 
                                education and training''; and
                          (vi) in clause (xvii)(I), by 
                        inserting ``energy efficiency 
                        enhancement'' after ``construction''; 
                        and
                  (C) in paragraph (4)--
                          (i) in subparagraph (C)--
                                  (I) by inserting ``community 
                                and'' after ``which the housing 
                                and''; and
                                  (II) by striking ``or 
                                construction'' each place it 
                                appears and inserting 
                                ``construction, or energy 
                                efficiency enhancement''; and
                          (ii) in subparagraph (J)--
                                  (I) in clause (ii), by 
                                inserting ``energy efficiency 
                                enhancement'' after 
                                ``construction''; and
                                  (II) in clause (iii), by 
                                striking ``vocational 
                                education'' and inserting 
                                ``career and technical 
                                education and training'';
          (4) in subsection (d), by striking ``or 
        construction'' each place it appears and inserting 
        ``construction, or energy efficiency enhancement'';
          (5) in subsection (e)(1)--
                  (A) in subparagraph (A)(iii), by inserting 
                ``, or an individual who was a school dropout 
                and has subsequently re-enrolled'' before the 
                period; and
                  (B) in amending subparagraph (B)(i) to read 
                as follows:
                          ``(i) are basic skills deficient, 
                        despite attainment of a secondary 
                        school diploma or its recognized 
                        equivalent (including recognized 
                        certificates of attendance or similar 
                        documents for individuals with 
                        disabilities); or'';
          (6) in subsection (f)(2)--
                  (A) in subparagraph (A), by inserting ``, or 
                to support pilot and demonstration projects or 
                program evaluations with recipients of grants 
                under subsection (c) as directed by the 
                Secretary, including pilot or demonstration 
                projects that create new career tracks for 
                Youthbuild participants in areas such as health 
                care and manufacturing'' before the period; and
                  (B) in subparagraph (B), by striking ``shall 
                reserve'' and inserting ``shall reserve not 
                less than 3 percent and not more than'';
          (7) in subsection (g), by striking ``postsecondary 
        educational institutions'' and inserting ``institutions 
        of higher education''; and
          (8) by amending subsection (h) to read as follows:
  ``(h) Authorization of Appropriations.--There are authorized 
to be appropriated for each of fiscal years 2013 through 2017 
such sums as may be necessary to carry out this section.''.

SEC. 161. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

  Subsections (a) and (b) of section 174 are amended to read as 
follows:
  ``(a) Native American Programs; Migrant and Seasonal 
Farmworker Programs; Veterans' Workforce Investment Programs.--
          ``(1) In general.--Subject to paragraph (2), there 
        are authorized to be appropriated to carry out sections 
        166 through 168 such sums as may be necessary for each 
        of the fiscal years 2013 through 2017.
          ``(2) Reservations.--Of the amount appropriated 
        pursuant to the authorization of appropriations under 
        paragraph (1) for a fiscal year, the Secretary shall--
                  ``(A) reserve not less than $55,000,000 for 
                carrying out section 166;
                  ``(B) reserve not less than $70,000,000 for 
                carrying out section 167; and
                  ``(C) reserve not less than $7,300,000 for 
                carrying out section 168.
  ``(b) Technical Assistance; Innovation Grants.--There are 
authorized to be appropriated to carry out sections 169 through 
171 such sums as may be necessary for each of the fiscal years 
2013 through 2017.''.

SEC. 162. TRANSITION GRANTS TO STATES.

  Subtitle D is further amended by adding at the end the 
following:

``SEC. 175. TRANSITION GRANTS TO STATES.

  ``(a) In General.--For the program year described in section 
171A, from the funds allocated for awards described in section 
171A and section 171B, the Secretary of Labor and the Secretary 
of Education shall award, on a competitive basis, transition 
grants to States. The Secretaries, to the extent practicable 
and consistent with the purposes of the transition grants under 
this section, shall award transition grants in a manner that 
maximizes the number of States benefitting from such grants.
  ``(b) Application.--To be eligible to receive a grant under 
this section, the Governor of a State, in coordination with the 
State board and in consultation with the local boards, shall 
submit an application to the Secretary of Labor and the 
Secretary of Education, at such time, in a such manner, and 
containing such information, consistent with this subsection, 
as the Secretaries may require, including--
          ``(1) a description of how the grant funds will be 
        used to carry out the transition activities described 
        in subsection (d);
          ``(2) a description of the process by which the State 
        will award funds to local areas in accordance with 
        subsection (d)(2); and
          ``(3) assurances that all the entities carrying out 
        core programs in the State will participate in the 
        activities.
  ``(c) Grant Period.--Grants awarded under this subsection 
shall be awarded for periods of not more than 2 years in 
duration and may not be renewed.
  ``(d) Use of Funds.--A State that receives a grant under this 
section--
          ``(1) may reserve not more than 40 percent of the 
        grant funds for transition activities to assist in the 
        development of the State plan under section 112 or 113; 
        and
          ``(2) shall use not less than 60 percent of the grant 
        funds to award subgrants to local areas for transition 
        activities to assist in the development local and 
        regional plans under section 116(c) and 118, with a 
        priority in making such awards to local areas most in 
        need of resources to make the transition to meeting the 
        requirements of the Workforce Investment Act of 2012.
  ``(e) Limitations.--No State may--
          ``(1) receive more than 1 grant under this section; 
        and
          ``(2) receive a grant under this section concurrently 
        with a grant under section 171A or 171B for the first 
        program year that commences after the date of enactment 
        of the Workforce Investment Act of 2011.''.

SEC. 163. INTERAGENCY AGREEMENT.

  Subtitle D is further amended by adding after section 175 (as 
added by section 112) the following:

``SEC. 176. INTERAGENCY AGREEMENT.

  ``(a) In General.--The Secretary of Education and the 
Secretary of Labor shall jointly develop policies for the 
administration of this subtitle in accordance with such terms 
as the Secretaries shall set forth in an interagency agreement. 
Such interagency agreement, at a minimum, shall include a 
description of the respective roles and responsibilities of the 
Secretaries in carrying out this subtitle (both jointly and 
separately), including--
          ``(1) how the funds available under this subtitle 
        will be obligated and disbursed and compliance with 
        applicable laws (including regulations) will be 
        ensured, as well as how the grantees will be selected 
        and monitored, and a peer review process for selection 
        of grantees that includes program practitioners and 
        national experts will be carried out;
          ``(2) how evaluations and research will be conducted 
        on the effectiveness of grants awarded under this 
        subtitle in addressing the education and employment 
        needs of job seekers and workers, youth, and employers;
          ``(3) how technical assistance will be provided to 
        applicants and grant recipients;
          ``(4) how information will be disseminated, including 
        through electronic means, on best practices and 
        effective strategies and service delivery models for 
        activities carried out under this subtitle; and
          ``(5) how policies and processes critical to the 
        successful achievement of the education, training, and 
        employment goals of this subtitle will be established.
  ``(b) Transfer Authority.--The Secretary of Labor and the 
Secretary of Education shall have the authority to transfer 
funds between the Department of Labor and the Department of 
Education to carry out this subtitle in accordance with the 
agreement described in subsection (a).
  ``(c) Reports.--The Secretary of Labor and the Secretary of 
Education shall jointly develop and submit a biennial report to 
the Committee on Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions of the 
Senate and the Committee on Education and Workforce of the 
House of Representatives, describing--
          ``(1) actions the Departments have taken to--
                  ``(A) assess the effectiveness of the 
                projects carried out under this subtitle; and
                  ``(B) facilitate the coordination of the 
                programs carried out through the grants awarded 
                with other education, employment and training 
                programs;
          ``(2) barriers that impede effectiveness of projects 
        carried out under this subtitle;
          ``(3) the best practices and effective strategies and 
        service delivery models that the Departments have 
        identified pursuant to this subtitle and actions the 
        Departments have taken to promptly disseminate 
        information, including through electronic means, on 
        such best practices, service delivery models, and 
        effective strategies; and
          ``(4) the actions the Departments have taken to 
        leverage resources provided under Federal law other 
        than this subtitle and non-Federal resources, to 
        improve the workforce investment system nationwide, 
        including in States, regions, and local areas that have 
        not received funds under this subtitle.''.

                       Subtitle E--Administration

SEC. 171. REQUIREMENTS AND RESTRICTIONS.

  Section 181 is amended--
          (1) in subsection (a), by amending subparagraph (B) 
        of paragraph (1) to read as follows:
                  ``(B) Rule of construction.--The reference in 
                subparagraph (A) to section 6(a)(1) of the Fair 
                Labor Standards Act of 1938 (29 U.S.C. 
                206(a)(1)) shall not be applicable for 
                individuals in territorial jurisdictions in 
                which section 6 of the Fair Labor Standards Act 
                of 1938 (29 U.S.C. 206) does not apply.'';
          (2) in subsection (b)(1) by striking ``investment'' 
        and inserting ``development'';
          (3) in subsection (c)(1), by inserting ``or 
        allocation'' after ``an allotment'';
          (4) in subsection (d)(2)--
                  (A) by striking ``employment and training 
                activity'' and inserting ``employment or 
                training activity'';
                  (B) by inserting ``incumbent worker training, 
                transitional employment,'' after ``on-the-job 
                training,''; and
                  (C) in paragraph (3), by inserting ``(or that 
                has provided funding to an entity that has 
                violated such paragraph)'' after ``violated 
                such paragraph'';
          (5) in subsection (e)--
                  (A) by inserting ``to carry out an activity'' 
                after ``No funds available'';
                  (B) by striking ``and similar activities'' 
                and inserting ``or similar activities''; and
                  (C) by striking ``title. No funds available 
                under subtitle B'' and inserting ``or under 
                subtitle C. No funds received to carry out an 
                activity under subtitle B or C''; and
          (6) in subsection (f), by inserting ``or subtitle C'' 
        after ``subtitle B'' both places it appears.

SEC. 172. FISCAL CONTROLS OR SANCTIONS.

  Section 184 is amended--
          (1) in subsection (a)--
                  (A) in paragraph (2)--
                          (i) in subparagraph (A), by striking 
                        ``the appropriate circulars'' and 
                        inserting ``appropriate circulars or 
                        rules''; and
                          (ii) in subparagraph (B)(ii), by 
                        striking ``administration of youth 
                        activities'' and inserting:
                          ``(iii) administration of youth 
                        workforce investment activities.''; and
                  (B) in paragraphs (5)(A), (6)(C), and (7) (A) 
                and (B), by inserting ``with the requirements'' 
                afer ``compliance'' each place it appears;
          (2) in subsection (b)(1)(B)(v), by inserting ``with 
        the provision'' after ``compliance'';
          (3) in subsection (c)--
                  (A) in paragraph (2)--
                          (i) by striking ``made available'' 
                        and inserting ``received'';
                          (ii) by striking ``offset repayment'' 
                        and inserting ``require payment by 
                        offsetting the amount''; and
                          (iii) by inserting ``under this 
                        title'' after ``may be entitled''; and
                  (B) in paragraph (4), by inserting 
                ``(subsequent to the program year for which the 
                determination was made)'' after 
                ``allocations''; and
          (4) in subsection (d)(1), by striking ``paragraphs 
        (2) and (3) of''.

SEC. 173. REPORTS, RECORDKEEPING, INVESTIGATIONS.

  Section 185(c) is amended--
          (1) in paragraph (2), by striking ``; and'' and 
        inserting a semicolon;
          (2) in paragraph (3), by striking the period and 
        inserting ``; and''; and
          (3) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
          ``(4) shall, to the extent practicable, submit or 
        make available (including through electronic means) any 
        reports, records, plans, or any other data that are 
        required to be submitted or made available, 
        respectively, under this title.''.

SEC. 174. ADMINISTRATIVE PROVISIONS.

  Section 189 is amended--
          (1) in subsection (a), by striking ``section 204 of 
        the Intergovernmental Cooperation Act of 1968'' and 
        inserting ``section 6504 of title 31, United States 
        Code'';
          (2) in subsection (g), by amending paragraph (2) to 
        read as follows:
          ``(2) Availability.--
                  ``(A) In general.--Funds obligated for any 
                program year for a program or activity funded 
                under subtitle B may be expended by each State 
                receiving such funds during that program year 
                and the 2 succeeding program years. Funds 
                received by local areas from States under 
                subtitle B during a program year may be 
                expended during that program year and the 
                succeeding program year.
                  ``(B) Certain national activities.--
                          ``(i) In general.--Funds obligated 
                        for any program year for any program or 
                        activity carried out under section 170 
                        or 171 shall remain available until 
                        expended.
                          ``(ii) Incremental funding basis.--A 
                        contract or arrangement entered into 
                        under the authority of section 170(c) 
                        (relating to research projects, studies 
                        and reports, and multistate projects) 
                        or section 171 (relating to 
                        evaluations), including a long-term, 
                        nonseverable services contract, may be 
                        funded on an incremental basis with 
                        annual appropriations or other 
                        available funds.
                  ``(C) Special rule.--No amount of the funds 
                obligated for a program year for a program or 
                activity funded under this title shall be 
                deobligated on account of a rate of expenditure 
                that is consistent with a State plan, an 
                operating plan described in section 151, or a 
                plan, grant agreement, contract, application, 
                or other agreement described in subtitle D, as 
                appropriate.''; and
          (3) in subsection (i)--
                  (A) in paragraph (3), by inserting 
                ``accountability'' after ``performance''; and
                  (B) in paragraph (4)--
                          (i) in subparagraph (A)(i)--
                                  (I) by inserting ``the 
                                funding of infrastructure costs 
                                for one-stop centers,'' after 
                                ``functions of local areas and 
                                local boards''; and
                                  (II) by inserting ``, and 
                                other requirements relating to 
                                the basic purposes of this 
                                title'' before the period;
                          (ii) in subparagraph (B)--
                                  (I) in the matter preceding 
                                clause (i), by striking 
                                ``investment'' and inserting 
                                ``development''; and
                                  (II) in clause (v), by 
                                striking `` an opportunity to 
                                comment on such request has 
                                been provided to the local 
                                board'' and inserting ``, in 
                                the case of a waiver for a 
                                local area, an opportunity to 
                                comment on such request has 
                                been provided to the local 
                                board for the local area for 
                                which the waiver is 
                                requested'';
                          (iii) in subparagraph (C), by 
                        inserting ``for which the waiver was 
                        requested'' after ``ensure that the 
                        local area''; and
                          (iv) by adding at the end the 
                        following new subparagraph:
                  ``(D) Expedited determination regarding 
                provision of waivers.--If the Secretary has 
                approved a waiver of statutory or regulatory 
                requirements for a State or local area pursuant 
                to this subsection, the Secretary shall 
                expedite the determination regarding the 
                provision of that waiver, for another State or 
                local area.''.

SEC. 175. REPEALS.

  The Act is further amended by striking section 190, and 
redesignating sections 191 through 195 as sections 190 through 
194, respectively.

SEC. 176. GENERAL PROGRAM REQUIREMENTS.

  Section 194 (as redesignated by section 185) is amended by 
adding at the end the following new paragraphs:
          ``(14) Funds provided under this title shall not be 
        used to establish or operate a stand-alone fee-for-
        service enterprise in a situation in which a private 
        sector employment agency (as defined in section 701 of 
        the Civil Rights Act of 1964 (42 U.S.C. 2000e)) is 
        providing full access to similar or related services in 
        such a manner as to fully meet the identified need. For 
        purposes of this paragraph, such an enterprise does not 
        include a one-stop delivery system described in section 
        121(e).
          ``(15)(A) None of the funds available under this 
        title shall be used by a recipient or subrecipient of 
        such funds to pay the salary and bonuses of an 
        individual, either as direct costs or indirect costs, 
        at a rate in excess of the annual rate of basic pay 
        prescribed for level II of the Executive Schedule under 
        section 5313 of title 5, United States Code.
          ``(B) The limitation described in subparagraph (A) 
        shall not apply to vendors providing goods and services 
        as defined in Office of Management and Budget Circular 
        A-133.
          ``(C) In a case in which a State is a recipient of 
        such funds, the State may establish a lower limit than 
        is provided in subparagraph (A) for salaries and 
        bonuses of those receiving salaries and bonuses from a 
        subrecipient of such funds, taking into account factors 
        including the relative cost of living in the State, the 
        compensation levels for comparable State or local 
        government employees, and the size of the organizations 
        that administer the Federal programs involved.''.

SEC. 177. OFFICE OF DISABILITY EMPLOYMENT POLICY.

  Subtitle E is further amended by adding at the end the 
following:

``SEC. 195. OFFICE OF DISABILITY EMPLOYMENT POLICY.

  ``(a) Purpose.--The purpose of this section is to establish 
an Office of Disability Employment Policy--
          ``(1) to help develop and support national policies 
        and practices that will increase employment and 
        economic advancement opportunities for all individuals 
        with disabilities; and
          ``(2) to ensure that such individuals are fully 
        integrated into the 21st century workforce.
  ``(b) Office.--There is established within the Department of 
Labor an Office of Disability Employment Policy (referred to in 
this section as the `Office'). Except as otherwise specifically 
provided in this Act, such Office shall be the principal entity 
carrying out the functions described in this section.
  ``(c) Assistant Secretary.--
          ``(1) In general.--The Office shall be headed by an 
        Assistant Secretary of Disability Employment Policy 
        (referred to in this title as the `Assistant 
        Secretary') appointed by the President by and with the 
        advice and consent of the Senate. Except as otherwise 
        specifically provided in this Act, the Assistant 
        Secretary shall be the principal officer carrying out 
        the functions described in this section.
          ``(2) Experience.--The Assistant Secretary shall be 
        an individual with substantial experience in, and a 
        thorough knowledge of, disability employment policy, 
        training and educational opportunities for individuals 
        with disabilities (including youth with disabilities), 
        public benefit programs for individuals with 
        disabilities, job development, and the barriers that 
        may limit employment and economic advancement 
        opportunities of individuals with disabilities.
          ``(3) Goals and direction.--In carrying out the 
        functions of the Office, the Assistant Secretary shall 
        be guided by the goals of achieving equal opportunity, 
        full participation, economic self-sufficiency, and 
        independent living for all individuals with 
        disabilities, to the greatest extent possible. In the 
        performance of the functions of the Office, the 
        Assistant Secretary shall be directly responsible to 
        the Secretary of Labor.
  ``(d) Functions.--The Assistant Secretary shall provide 
national leadership, and encourage interagency collaboration, 
on increasing employment and training opportunities for 
individuals with disabilities through the development of 
policies and initiatives (taking into account relevant 
information from other Federal agencies and including the 
awarding of grants as appropriate) that--
          ``(1) eliminate barriers to the employment and 
        training of individuals with disabilities;
          ``(2) advance opportunities for employment, and 
        identify strategies that increase employment 
        opportunities in the private sector, for individuals 
        with disabilities, including recruitment, retention, 
        and promotion of such individuals;
          ``(3) identify and remove disincentives that limit or 
        prevent the full employment of individuals with 
        disabilities who are receiving benefits through Federal 
        or State programs such as medical assistance under a 
        State Medicaid program under title XIX of the Social 
        Security Act (42 U.S.C. 1396 et seq.), disability 
        insurance benefits under title II of the Social 
        Security Act (42 U.S.C. 401 et seq.), or supplemental 
        security income benefits under title XVI of the Social 
        Security Act (42 U.S.C. 1381 et seq.);
          ``(4) advise and assist the Department of Labor and 
        other Federal agencies in the development of policies 
        and practices that increase employment opportunities in 
        the Federal Government for individuals with 
        disabilities, including outreach to and recruitment, 
        retention, and promotion of such individuals;
          ``(5) assist youth with disabilities, including such 
        youth who are out-of-school youth, in successfully 
        transitioning into the workforce;
          ``(6) increase access for individuals with 
        disabilities seeking employment, education, and 
        training services from a one-stop delivery system 
        described in section 221(e) of the Workforce Investment 
        Act of 2012, and other public and private providers of 
        such services and supports;
          ``(7) increase coordination of activities between 
        State vocational rehabilitation programs and the 
        workforce development systems (as defined in section 
        101 of such Act), including the one-stop centers (as 
        defined in such section 101), including assisting 
        individuals with disabilities in maximizing the 
        services available through such programs, systems, and 
        centers;
          ``(8) leverage available public and system resources 
        to address individual and systematic employment 
        barriers for individuals with disabilities, and assist 
        such individuals in navigating the process of 
        coordinating their public benefits, including health 
        care;
          ``(9) increase employment opportunities for 
        individuals with significant disabilities in 
        competitive integrated employment; and
          ``(10) meet other objectives, as specified by the 
        Secretary of Labor, that will increase employment and 
        training opportunities for individuals with 
        disabilities.
  ``(e) Report.--For each fiscal year, beginning with the first 
full fiscal year following the date of enactment of the , the 
Secretary of Labor shall prepare a report and submit the report 
to the Committee on Education and the Workforce of the House of 
Representatives and the Committee on Health, Education, Labor, 
and Pensions of the Senate, not later than 90 days after the 
end of that fiscal year. The report shall summarize the 
Office's progress in--
          ``(1) meeting the general objectives specified in 
        paragraphs (1) and (2) of subsection (a);
          ``(2) meeting each of the 4 goals specified in 
        subsection (c)(3); and
          ``(3) developing the specific policies and 
        initiatives specified in subsection (d).
  ``(f) Authorization of Appropriations.--There are authorized 
to be appropriated to carry out this section such sums as may 
be necessary for each of fiscal years 2013 through 2017.''.

SEC. 178. INDEPENDENT EVALUATION OF THE EFFICIENCY AND EFFECTIVENESS OF 
                    THE FEDERAL WORKFORCE INVESTMENT SYSTEM.

  (a) Definitions.--In this section--
          (1) the term ``Federal job training program'' means 
        any federally funded employment and training program; 
        and
          (2) the term ``individual with barriers to 
        employment'' has the meaning given such term in section 
        101(23) of the Workforce Investment Act of 2013.
  (b) Evaluation by the Government Accountability Office.--
          (1) Evaluation.--The Comptroller General shall 
        conduct an evaluation of the operations of federally 
        funded job training programs in order to evaluate their 
        efficiency and effectiveness in providing job training 
        services to eligible participants, particularly 
        individuals with barriers to employment. The evaluation 
        shall consider--
                  (A) the findings of the January 2011 report 
                of the Government Accountability Office 
                entitled ``Multiple Employment and Training 
                Programs: Providing Information, Co-locating 
                Services and Consolidating Administrative 
                Structures could Promote Efficiencies''(GAO-11-
                92);
                  (B) whether programs need to be enhanced in 
                order to more effectively provide needed 
                services;
                  (C) whether programs are effectively aligned 
                to provide needed services to different 
                eligible populations; and
                  (D) whether any programs provide duplicative 
                services to their participants and, if so, why.
          (2) Consultation and recommendations.--The 
        Comptroller General shall consult with the States, 
        local workforce investment boards, businesses, labor 
        organizations, workforce advocates and community 
        organizations, and relevant education-related 
        organizations in preparing its evaluation and may make 
        any recommendations to improve the efficiency and 
        effectiveness of training programs and attain needed 
        levels of services and accessibility of services.
          (3) Submission of plan.--Not later than 12 months 
        after the date of enactment of this Act, the 
        Comptroller General shall submit the evaluation and any 
        plan for improvement to the appropriate committees of 
        Congress.

              Subtitle F--Community College to Career Fund

SEC. 181. COMMUNITY COLLEGE TO CAREER FUND.

  Title I is further amended by adding at the end the 
following:

             ``Subtitle F--Community College to Career Fund

``SEC. 199. COMMUNITY COLLEGE AND INDUSTRY PARTNERSHIPS PROGRAM.

  ``(a) Grants Authorized.--From funds appropriated under 
section 199D(1), the Secretary of Labor and the Secretary of 
Education, in accordance with the interagency agreement 
described in section 199E, shall award competitive grants to 
eligible entities described in subsection (b) for the purpose 
of developing, offering, improving or providing educational or 
career training programs for workers.
  ``(b) Eligible Entity.--
          ``(1) In general.--Entities eligible for a grant 
        under this section are any of the following (or a 
        consortium of any of the following) in partnership with 
        employers or an association of employers:
                  ``(A) a junior or community college (as 
                defined in section 312(f) of the Higher 
                Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1085(f)));
                  ``(B) a four-year public institution of 
                higher education (as defined in section 101 of 
                the Higher Education Act of 1965) that offers 
                two-year degrees, will use funds provided under 
                this section for activities at the certificate 
                and associate degree levels, and is not 
                reasonably close, as determined by the 
                Secretaries, to a community college;
                  ``(C) a tribal college or university (as 
                defined in section 316(b) of the Higher 
                Education Act); or
                  ``(D) at the discretion of the Secretaries, a 
                private, not-for-profit, two-year institution 
                of higher education in Puerto Rico, Guam, the 
                United States Virgin Islands, American Samoa, 
                the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana 
                Islands, the Republic of the Marshall Islands, 
                the Federated States of Micronesia, or the 
                Republic of Palau.
          ``(2) Additional partnerships.--In addition to 
        partnering with employers or an association of 
        employers, the eligible entities described in paragraph 
        (1) may partner with any of the organizations described 
        in subparagraphs (A) through (D). Any such partnership 
        shall collaborate with, and may include, the State or 
        local workforce investment board.
                  ``(A) An adult education provider or 
                institution of higher education (as defined in 
                section 101 of the Higher Education Act of 
                1965).
                  ``(B) A community-based organization.
                  ``(C) A joint-labor management partnership.
                  ``(D) Any other organization that the 
                Secretaries considers appropriate.
  ``(c) Application.--An eligible entity seeking a grant under 
this section shall submit a grant proposal to the Secretaries 
at such time and containing such information as the Secretaries 
determine is required, including a detailed description of--
          ``(1) the specific project for which the grant 
        proposal is submitted, including the manner in which 
        the grant will be used to develop, offer, improve, or 
        provide an educational or career training program;
          ``(2) the extent to which the project will meet the 
        educational or career training needs of workers in the 
        area served by the eligible entity;
          ``(3) the extent to which the project will meet the 
        needs of employers in the region for skilled workers in 
        in-demand industry sectors and occupations;
          ``(4) the extent to which the project submitted fits 
        within any overall strategic plan developed by an 
        eligible entity; and
          ``(5) any previous experience of the eligible entity 
        in providing educational or career training programs, 
        the absence of which shall not automatically disqualify 
        an eligible institution from receiving a grant under 
        this section.
  ``(d) Criteria for Award.--
          ``(1) In general.--Grants under this section shall be 
        awarded based on criteria established by the 
        Secretaries, that include the following:
                  ``(A) A determination of the merits of the 
                grant proposal submitted by the eligible entity 
                to develop, offer, improve, or provide 
                educational or career training programs to be 
                made available to workers.
                  ``(B) An assessment of the likely employment 
                opportunities available in the region to 
                individuals who complete an educational or 
                career training program that the eligible 
                entity proposes to develop, offer, improve, or 
                provide.
                  ``(C) An assessment of prior demand for 
                training programs by individuals eligible for 
                training served by the eligible entity as well 
                as availability and capacity of existing 
                training programs to meet future demand for 
                training programs.
          ``(2) Priority.--The Secretaries shall give priority 
        to eligible entities that--
                  ``(A) include a partnership with a business 
                or industry or sector partnership that--
                          ``(i) pays a portion of the costs of 
                        such programs; or
                          ``(ii) agrees to hire individuals who 
                        have completed a particular 
                        postsecondary degree, certificate, or 
                        credential resulting from the training 
                        program of the eligible entity;
                  ``(B) enter into a partnership with a labor 
                organization or labor-management training 
                program that provides technical expertise for 
                occupationally specific education necessary for 
                a recognized postsecondary credential leading 
                to a skill occupation in an in-demand industry 
                sector;
                  ``(C) are focused on serving individuals with 
                barriers to employment, low-income, non-
                traditional students as defined in section 
                803(j) of the Higher Education Act (20 U.S.C. 
                11561(c)(j)), students who are dislocated 
                workers, students who are veterans, or students 
                who are long-term unemployed;
                  ``(D) are community colleges serving areas 
                with high unemployment rates, including rural 
                areas; and
                  ``(E) are eligible entities that include an 
                institution of higher education eligible for 
                assistance under title III or V of the Higher 
                Education Act of 1965.
  ``(e) Use of Funds.--Grants awarded under this section shall 
be used for one or more of the following:
          ``(1) The development, offering, improvement, or 
        provision of academic programs or training programs, 
        that provide relevant job training for skilled 
        occupations that will meet the needs of employers in 
        in-demand industries sectors, and which may include 
        registered apprenticeship programs, on-the-job training 
        programs, and programs that support employers in 
        upgrading the skills of their workforce.
          ``(2) The development and implementation of policies 
        and programs to expand opportunities for students to 
        earn a recognized postsecondary credential or degree in 
        in-demand industry sectors and occupations, including 
        by--
                  ``(A) facilitating the transfer of academic 
                credits between institutions of higher 
                education, including the transfer of academic 
                credits for courses in the same field of study;
                  ``(B) expanding articulation agreements and 
                policies that guarantee transfer between such 
                institutions, including through common course 
                numbering and general core curriculum; and
                  ``(C) developing or enhancing student support 
                services programs.
          ``(3) The creation of workforce programs that provide 
        a sequence of education and occupational training that 
        leads to a recognized postsecondary credential or 
        degree, including programs that--
                  ``(A) blend basic skills and occupational 
                training;
                  ``(B) facilitate means of transitioning from 
                non-credit occupational, basic skills, or 
                developmental coursework to for-credit 
                coursework within and across institutions;
                  ``(C) build or enhance linkages including the 
                development of dual enrollment programs and 
                early college high schools between secondary 
                education or adult education programs 
                (including programs established under the Carl 
                D. Perkins Career and Technical Education Act 
                of 2006 and title II of this Act);
                  ``(D) implement other innovative programs 
                designed to increase the provision of training 
                for students, including students who are 
                veteran members of the National Guard or 
                Reserves, to enter skilled occupations in in-
                demand industry sectors; and
                  ``(E) support paid internships that will 
                allow students to simultaneously earn credit 
                for work-based learning and gain relevant 
                employment experience in an in-demand industry 
                sector or occupation, which shall include 
                opportunities that transition individuals into 
                employment.
          ``(4) The support of regional or national in-demand 
        industry sectors to develop skills consortia that will 
        identify pressing workforce needs and develop solutions 
        such as--
                  ``(A) standardizing industry certifications;
                  ``(B) developing new training technologies; 
                and
                  ``(C) collaborating with industry employers 
                to define and describe how specific skills lead 
                to particular jobs and career opportunities.

``SEC. 199A. PAY-FOR-PERFORMANCE AND PAY-FOR-SUCCESS JOB TRAINING 
                    PROJECTS.

  ``(a) Award Grants Authorized.--From funds appropriated under 
section 199D(2), the Secretary of Labor and the Secretary of 
Education, in accordance with the interagency agreement 
described in section 199E, shall award grants on a competitive 
basis to eligible entities described in subsection (b) who meet 
specific performance outcomes and criteria established by the 
Secretaries under subsection (c). Projects funded by grants 
under this section shall be referred to as either Pay-for-
Performance or Pay-for-Success projects, as set forth in 
subsection (b).
  ``(b) Eligible Entity.--To be eligible to receive a grant 
under this section an entity shall be a State or local 
organization (which may be a local workforce organization) in 
partnership with entities such as community colleges and other 
training providers who--
          ``(1) in the case of Pay-for-Performance projects, 
        agree to be reimbursed primarily on the basis of 
        achievement of specified performance outcomes and 
        criteria agreed upon by the Secretaries under 
        subsection (c); or
          ``(2) in the case of Pay-for-Success projects, 
        include partnerships with investors, such as 
        philanthropic organizations that provide funding for a 
        specific project or projects to address a clear and 
        measurable job training need in the community or region 
        and agree to be reimbursed under the grant only if the 
        project or projects meet specified performance outcomes 
        and criteria agreed to by the Secretaries under 
        subsection (c).
  ``(c) Performance Outcomes and Criteria.--Not later than 6 
months after the date of the enactment of this subtitle, the 
Secretary of Labor and the Secretary of Education shall 
establish and publish specific performance measures for the 
initial qualification of eligible entities to receive a grant 
under this section. At a minimum, to receive an award an 
eligible entity shall--
          ``(1) identify a particular program area and client 
        population that is not achieving optimal outcomes;
          ``(2) provide evidence that the proposed strategy 
        would achieve better results;
          ``(3) clearly articulate and quantify the improved 
        outcomes of such new approach;
          ``(4) for Pay-for-Success projects, specify a 
        monetary value that would need to paid to obtain such 
        results and explain the basis for such value;
          ``(5) identify data that would be required to 
        evaluate whether outcomes are being achieved for a 
        target population and a comparison group;
          ``(6) identify estimated savings that would result 
        from the improved outcomes, including to other programs 
        or units of government;
          ``(7) demonstrate the capacity to collect required 
        data, track outcomes, and validate those outcomes; and
          ``(8) any other criteria the Secretaries may require.
  ``(d) Period of Availability for Pay-for-Success Projects.--
Funds appropriated to carry out Pay-for-Success projects 
pursuant to section 199D(2) shall, upon obligation, remain 
available for disbursement until expended, notwithstanding 
section 1552 of title 31, United States Code, and, if later 
deobligated, in whole or in part, be available until expended 
for additional Pay-for-Success grants under this section.

``SEC. 199B. BRING JOBS BACK TO AMERICA GRANTS.

  ``(a) Grants Authorized.--From funds appropriated under 
section 199D(3), the Secretary of Labor and the Secretary of 
Education, in accordance with the interagency agreement 
described in section 199E, shall award grants to State or local 
governments for job training and recruiting activities that can 
quickly provided businesses with skilled workers in order to 
encourage businesses to remain in or relocate to areas served 
by such governments. The Secretaries shall coordinate with the 
Secretary of Commerce in carrying out this section.
  ``(b) Purpose and Use of Funds.--Grants awarded under this 
section may be used by a State or local government to issue 
subgrants to eligible entities as designated by the 
Secretaries, including those described in section 199(b), to 
assist such eligible entities in providing training necessary 
to provide skilled workers for businesses that have relocated 
or are considering relocating operations outside the United 
States, and may instead relocate to the areas served by such 
governments.
  ``(c) Application.--A State or local government seeking a 
grant under the program established under subsection (a) shall 
submit an application to the Secretaries in such manner and 
containing such information as the Secretaries may require. At 
a minimum, each application shall include--
          ``(1) a description of the eligible entity or 
        entities the State or local government proposes to 
        assist in providing job training or recruiting 
        activities;
          ``(2) a description of the proposed or existing 
        business facility, including the number of jobs 
        relating to such facility and the average wage or 
        salary of those jobs; and
          ``(3) a description of any other resources that the 
        State has committed to assisting such business in 
        locating such facility, including tax incentives 
        provided, bonding authority exercised, and land 
        granted.
  ``(d) Criteria.--The Secretaries shall award grants to State 
and local governments that--
          ``(1) the Secretaries determine are most likely to 
        succeed with a grant under the program in assisting an 
        eligible entity in providing the training necessary to 
        cause a business or businesses to remain in or relocate 
        to areas served by such governments;
          ``(2) will fund training programs that will result in 
        the greatest number and quality of jobs;
          ``(3) have committed State or other resources, to the 
        extent of their ability as determined by the 
        Secretaries, to assist a business or businesses to 
        remain in or relocate to areas served by such 
        governments; and
          ``(4) have met such other criteria as the Secretaries 
        consider appropriate, including criteria relating to 
        marketing plans, benefits to ongoing regional or State 
        strategies for economic development and job growth.

``SEC. 199C. GRANTS FOR ENTREPRENEUR AND SMALL BUSINESS STARTUP 
                    TRAINING.

  ``(a) Grants Authorized.--From funds appropriated under 
section 199D(4), the Secretary of Labor and the Secretary of 
Education, in accordance with the interagency agreement 
described in section 199E, shall award competitive grants to 
eligible entities described in subsection (b) to provide 
training in starting a small business and entrepreneurship. The 
Secretaries shall coordinate with the Administrator of the 
Small Business Administration in carrying out this section 
including in the development of criteria and selection of 
proposals.
  ``(b) Eligible Entity.--
          ``(1) In general.--Entities eligible for a grant 
        under this section are any of the following (or a 
        consortium of any of the following) in partnership with 
        at least one local or regional economic development 
        entity described in paragraph (2):
                  ``(A) a junior or community college (as 
                defined in section 312(f) of the Higher 
                Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1085(f)));
                  ``(B) a four-year public institution of 
                higher education (as defined in section 101 of 
                the Higher Education Act of 1965) that offers 
                two-year degrees, will use funds provided under 
                this section for activities at the certificate 
                and associate degree levels, and is not 
                reasonably close, as determined by the 
                Secretaries, to a community college;
                  ``(C) a tribal college or university (as 
                defined in section 316(b) of the Higher 
                Education Act); or
                  ``(D) at the discretion of the Secretaries, a 
                private, not-for-profit, two-year institution 
                of higher education in Puerto Rico, Guam, the 
                United States Virgin Islands, American Samoa, 
                the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana 
                Islands, the Republic of the Marshall Islands, 
                the Federated States of Micronesia, or the 
                Republic of Palau.
          ``(2) Additional partnerships.--Local or regional 
        economic development entities described in this 
        paragraph are the following:
                  ``(A) Small business development centers.
                  ``(B) Women's business centers.
                  ``(C) Regional innovation clusters.
                  ``(D) Local accelerators or incubators.
                  ``(E) State or local economic development 
                agencies.
  ``(c) Application.--An eligible entity seeking a grant under 
this section shall submit a grant proposal in such manner and 
containing such information as the Secretaries and the Small 
Business Administrator shall require. Such information shall 
include the manner in which entrepreneurship training and 
education will be provided, the role of partners in such an 
arrangement, and the manner in which the proposal will 
integrate and partner with local economic development 
resources.
  ``(d) Use of Funds.--Grants awarded under this section shall 
be used to provide training in entrepreneurship and starting a 
small business, including through online courses, intensive 
seminars, and comprehensive courses.

``SEC. 199D. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

  ``(a) In General.--There is authorized to be appropriated 
$8,000,000,000 to carry out this subtitle, of which 
$4,000,000,000 is authorized to be appropriated to the 
Secretary of Labor and $4,000,000,000 is authorized to be 
appropriated to the Secretary of Education. Such amounts shall 
be used to carry out the programs authorized by this subtitle 
as follows:
          ``(1) $7,000,000,000 is authorized for the program 
        established by section 199;
          ``(2) $500,000,000 is authorized for the program 
        established by section 199A;
          ``(3) $250,000,000 is authorized for the program 
        established by section 199B;
          ``(4) $250,000,000 is authorized for the program 
        established by section 199C; and
          ``(5) Not more than 5 percent of the amounts 
        authorized under paragraphs (1) through (4) may be used 
        by the Secretaries to administer each respective 
        program, including providing technical assistance and 
        carrying out evaluations.
  ``(b) Period of Availability.--Except as provided in section 
199A(d), the funds appropriated pursuant to subsection (a) 
shall be available for Federal obligation for the fiscal year 
for which the funds are appropriated and the succeeding 2 
fiscal years.

``SEC. 199E. INTERAGENCY AGREEMENT.

  ``(a) In General.--The Secretary of Labor and the Secretary 
of Education shall jointly develop policies for the 
administration of this subtitle in accordance with such terms 
as the Secretaries shall set forth in an interagency agreement. 
Such interagency agreement, at a minimum, shall include a 
description of the respective roles and responsibilities of the 
Secretaries in carrying out this subtitle (both jointly and 
separately), including--
          ``(1) how the funds available under this subtitle 
        will be obligated and disbursed and compliance with 
        applicable laws (including regulations) will be 
        ensured, as well as how the grantees will be selected 
        and monitored;
          ``(2) how evaluations and research will be conducted 
        on the effectiveness of grants awarded under this 
        subtitle in addressing the education and employment 
        needs of workers, and employers;
          ``(3) how technical assistance will be provided to 
        applicants and grant recipients;
          ``(4) how information will be disseminated, including 
        through electronic means, on best practices and 
        effective strategies and service delivery models for 
        activities carried out under this subtitle; and
          ``(5) how policies and processes critical to the 
        successful achievement of the education, training, and 
        employment goals of this subtitle will be established.
  ``(b) Transfer Authority.--The Secretary of Labor and the 
Secretary of Education shall have the authority to transfer 
funds between the Department of Labor and the Department of 
Education to carry out this subtitle in accordance with the 
agreement described in subsection (a). The Secretary of Labor 
and the Secretary of Education shall have the ability to 
transfer funds to the Secretary of Commerce and the 
Administrator of the Small Business Administration to carry out 
sections 199B and 199C, respectively.
  ``(c) Reports.--The Secretary of Labor and the Secretary of 
Education shall jointly develop and submit a biennial report to 
the Committee on Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions of the 
Senate and the Committee on Education and the Workforce of the 
House of Representatives, describing the activities carried out 
under this subtitle and the outcomes of such activities.''.

                 TITLE II--ADULT EDUCATION AND LITERACY

SEC. 201. PURPOSES, DEFINITIONS, AND MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS.

  (a) Purpose.--Section 202 is amended to read as follows:

``SEC. 202. PURPOSE.

  ``It is the purpose of this title to create a partnership 
among the Federal Government, States, and localities to 
provide, on a voluntary basis, adult education and literacy 
activities, in order to--
          ``(1) assist adults to become literate and obtain the 
        knowledge and skills necessary for employment and 
        economic self-sufficiency;
          ``(2) assist adults who are parents to obtain the 
        education and skills that--
                  ``(A) are necessary to becoming full partners 
                in the educational development of their 
                children; and
                  ``(B) lead to sustainable improvements in the 
                economic opportunities for their family;
          ``(3) assist adults in attaining a secondary school 
        diploma or its equivalent and in the transition to and 
        success in postsecondary education and training, 
        including through career pathways;
          ``(4) assist immigrants and other individuals who are 
        English language learners in improving their reading, 
        writing, speaking, and comprehension skills in English;
          ``(5) assist immigrants in acquiring an understanding 
        of the American system of government and the 
        responsibilities of citizenship;
          ``(6) assist States in expanding a 21st century 
        delivery system for adult education, literacy, and 
        workplace skills services that meet the needs of adults 
        at all skill levels;
          ``(7) assist adults in developing technology 
        literacy; and
          ``(8) enable more adults to complete adult education 
        and enter and succeed in postsecondary education and 
        employment.''.
  (b) Definitions.--Section 203 is amended--
          (1) by amending paragraph (1) to read as follows:
          ``(1) Adult education.--The term `adult education' 
        means academic instruction and services below the 
        postsecondary level that increase an individual's 
        ability to--
                  ``(A) read, write, and speak in English and 
                perform mathematics or other activities 
                necessary for the attainment of a secondary 
                school diploma or its recognized equivalent;
                  ``(B) transition to and success in 
                postsecondary education and training; or
                  ``(C) obtain employment.'';
          (2) in paragraph (2), by striking ``activities 
        described in section 231(b)'' and inserting ``programs, 
        activities, and services that include adult education, 
        literacy, workplace adult education and literacy 
        activities, family literacy activities, English 
        language acquisition activities, workforce preparation 
        activities, or integrated education and training''';
          (3) by striking paragraphs (3), (8), (9), (10), (13), 
        (14), and (17) and redesignating paragraphs (4), (7), 
        (11), (12), (15), (16), and (18) as paragraphs (3), 
        (9), (10), (11), (13), (14), and (15), respectively;
          (4) in paragraph (3) (as so redesignated), by 
        inserting ``activities'' after ``literacy'';
          (5) by inserting after paragraph (3) (as so 
        redesignated) the following:
          ``(4) Eligible individual.--The term `eligible 
        individual' means an individual--
                  ``(A) who has attained 16 years of age;
                  ``(B) who is not enrolled or required to be 
                enrolled in secondary school under State law; 
                and
                  ``(C) who--
                          ``(i) is unable to compute or solve 
                        problems, or read, write, or speak 
                        English at a level necessary to 
                        function on the job, in the 
                        individuals' family, or in society;
                          ``(ii) does not have a secondary 
                        school diploma or its recognized 
                        equivalent, and has not achieved an 
                        equivalent level of education; or
                          ``(iii) is an English language 
                        learner.'';
          (6) in paragraph (5)--
                  (A) by striking ``means--'' and inserting 
                ``means an organization that has demonstrated 
                effectiveness in providing adult education and 
                literacy activities that may include--'';
                  (B) in subparagraphs (B) and (C), by striking 
                ``of demonstrated effectiveness'' both places 
                it appears;
                  (C) in subparagraph (H), by striking 
                ``literacy services'' and all that follows and 
                inserting ``adult education and literacy 
                activities to eligible individuals;'';
                  (D) in subparagraph (I), by striking the 
                period at the end and inserting ``; and''; and
                  (E) by adding at the end the following:
                  ``(J) a partnership between an employer and 
                an entity described in any of subparagraphs (A) 
                through (I).'';
          (7) by amending paragraph (6) to read as follows:
          ``(6) English language acquisition program.--The term 
        `English language acquisition program' means a program 
        of instruction--
                  ``(A) designed to help eligible individuals 
                who are English language learners achieve 
                competence in reading, writing, speaking, and 
                comprehension of the English language;
                  ``(B) that may lead to--
                          ``(i) attainment of a secondary 
                        school diploma or its recognized 
                        equivalent;
                          ``(ii) transition to success in 
                        postsecondary education and training; 
                        and
                          ``(iii) employment or career 
                        advancement; and
                  ``(C) that such programs may be sequential, 
                integrated, or concurrent in nature.'';
          (8) by inserting after paragraph (6) the following:
          ``(7) English language learner.--The term `English 
        language learner' when used with respect to an eligible 
        individual, means an eligible individual who has 
        limited ability in reading, writing, speaking, or 
        comprehending the English language, and--
                  ``(A) whose native language is a language 
                other than English; or
                  ``(B) who lives in a family or community 
                environment where a language other than English 
                is the dominant language.
          ``(8) High quality literacy instruction.--The term 
        `high quality literacy instruction' means 
        developmentally appropriate, explicit, and systematic 
        instruction that provides students with--
                  ``(A) early development and grade-level 
                mastery of oral language skills, both listening 
                and speaking, phonological awareness, using a 
                wide vocabulary, conventional forms of grammar, 
                and academic language;
                  ``(B) the ability to read regularly spelled 
                words and high-frequency irregularly spelled 
                words and to decode regularly spelled 
                unfamiliar words accurately, using phonemic 
                awareness, print awareness, alphabet knowledge, 
                and knowledge of English spelling patterns;
                  ``(C) the ability to read texts accurately, 
                fluently, and with comprehension, relying on 
                knowledge of the vocabulary in those texts and 
                of the background information that the students 
                possess;
                  ``(D) the ability to read with a purpose and 
                the capacity to differentiate purposes and to 
                select and apply comprehension strategies 
                appropriate to achieving the purpose;
                  ``(E) an understanding of, and ability to 
                adapt to, the varying demands of different 
                genres, formats, and types of texts across the 
                core content areas in order to comprehend texts 
                of appropriate levels of complexity and 
                content, including texts necessary for mastery 
                of grade-level standards;
                  ``(F) the ability to effectively access, 
                critically evaluate, and appropriately 
                synthesize information from a variety of 
                sources and formats;
                  ``(G) the development and maintenance of a 
                motivation to read and write, as reflected in 
                habits of reading and writing regularly and or 
                discussing one's reading and writing with 
                others; and
                  ``(H) the ability to write clearly, 
                accurately, and quickly so as to communicate 
                ideas and deepen comprehension, in ways that 
                fit purpose, audience, occasion, discipline, 
                and format; adhere to conventions of spelling 
                and punctuation; and benefit from revision so 
                as to improve clarity, coherence, logical 
                development, and the precise use of 
                language.'';
          (9) in paragraph (9)--
                  (A) in the paragraph heading, by striking 
                ``Services'' and inserting ``Activities'';
                  (B) in the matter preceding subparagraph 
                (A)--
                          (i) by striking ``services'' both 
                        places it appears and inserting 
                        ``activities''; and
                          (ii) by striking ``changes in a 
                        family'' and inserting ``improvements 
                        in the economic prospects for a family 
                        and that better enable parents to 
                        support their children's learning 
                        needs'';
                  (C) by striking subparagraph (C) and 
                redesignating subparagraphs (A) and (B) as 
                subparagraphs (B) and (C), respectively; and
                  (D) by inserting before subparagraph (B) (as 
                so redesignated) the following:
                  ``(A) Parent adult education and literacy 
                activities that lead to readiness for the 
                attainment of a secondary school diploma or its 
                recognized equivalent postsecondary education 
                or training, employment, career advancement, 
                and economic self-sufficiency.'';
          (10) by inserting after paragraph (10) (as so 
        redesignated) the following:
          ``(11) Integrated education and training.--The term 
        `integrated education and training' means services that 
        provide adult education and literacy activities 
        contextually and concurrently with workforce 
        preparation activities and workforce training for a 
        specific occupation or occupational cluster. Such 
        services may include offering adult education services 
        concurrent with credit-bearing postsecondary education 
        and training, including through co-instruction.
          ``(12) Integrated english literacy and civics 
        education.--The term `integrated English literacy and 
        civics education' means an integrated program of 
        educational services for immigrant and other limited 
        English proficient adults, including immigrant 
        professionals with degrees and credentials in their 
        native countries, that enables them to achieve 
        competency in the English language and acquire the 
        basic and more advanced skills needed to function 
        effectively as parents, workers, and citizens. Such 
        programs shall include instruction in literacy and 
        English language acquisition and instruction on the 
        rights and responsibilities of citizenship and civic 
        participation, and may include workforce training.'';
          (11) by amending paragraph (15) (as so redesignated) 
        to read as follows:
          ``(15) Workplace adult education and literacy 
        activities.--The term `workplace adult education and 
        literacy activities' means adult education and literacy 
        activities offered by an eligible provider in 
        collaboration with an employer or employee organization 
        at a workplace or an off-site location that is designed 
        to improve the productivity of the workforce.''; and
          (12) by adding at the end the following:
          ``(16) Workforce preparation activities.--The term 
        `workforce preparation activities' means activities, 
        programs, or services designed to help an individual 
        acquire a combination of basic academic skills, 
        critical thinking skills, and self-management skills, 
        including competencies in utilizing resources, using 
        information, working with others, understanding 
        systems, working with technology, and skills necessary 
        for successful transition into and completion of 
        postsecondary education or training, or employment.''.
  (c) Home Schools.--Section 204 is amended--
          (1) by inserting ``whether a home school is treated 
        as a home school or a private school under State law,'' 
        after ``home schools,''; and
          (2) by striking ``an English literacy program'' and 
        all that follows and inserting ``adult education and 
        literacy activities.''.
  (d) Rule of Construction.--Title II is further amended by 
redesignating section 205 as section 206 and inserting after 
section 204 the following:

``SEC. 205. RULE OF CONSTRUCTION REGARDING POSTSECONDARY TRANSITION AND 
                    CONCURRENT ENROLLMENT ACTIVITIES.

  ``Nothing in this title shall be construed to prohibit or 
discourage the use of funds provided under this title for adult 
education and literacy activities that help eligible 
individuals transition to and succeed in postsecondary 
education, including credit-bearing coursework, and training or 
employment, or for concurrent enrollment activities.''.
  (e) Authorization of Appropriations.--Section 206 (as so 
redesignated) is amended--
          (1) by inserting ``$1,100,000,000 for fiscal year 
        2013 and'' after ``to carry out this title''; and
          (2) by striking ``of the fiscal years 1999 through 
        2003'' and inserting ``succeeding fiscal year''.
  (f) Technical Amendment.--Title II is further amended--
          (1) by striking subtitle B;
          (2) by striking the subtitle A designation; and
          (3) by redesignating chapters 1 through 4 as 
        subtitles A through D, respectively.

SEC. 202. AMENDMENTS TO SUBTITLE A.

  (a) Reservation of Funds, Eligible Agencies, Allotments.--
Section 211 is amended--
          (1) by amending subsection (a) to read as follows:
  ``(a) Reservation of Funds.--From the sum appropriated under 
section 206 for a fiscal year, the Secretary--
          ``(1) shall reserve $250,000,000 to carry out section 
        242(c)(1)(E);
          ``(2) shall reserve 1.5 percent to carry out the 
        remainder of section 242, except that the amount so 
        reserved shall not exceed $15,000,000;
          ``(3) shall reserve 1.5 percent to carry out section 
        243, except that the amount so reserved shall not 
        exceed $12,000,000; and
          ``(4) shall reserve 12 percent of the amount that 
        remains after reserving funds under paragraphs (1) and 
        (2) to carry out section 244.'';
          (2) in subsection (b)--
                  (A) by striking ``section 205'' and inserting 
                ``section 206''; and
                  (B) by striking ``section 224'' and inserting 
                ``section 112 or a State unified plan approved 
                under section 113''; and
          (3) in subsection (c)--
                  (A) in paragraph (1)--
                          (i) by striking ``section 205'' and 
                        inserting ``section 206'';
                          (ii) by striking ``section 224'' and 
                        inserting ``section 112 or a State 
                        unified plan approved under section 
                        113''; and
                          (iii) in subparagraph (A)--
                                  (I) by striking ``$100,000'' 
                                and inserting ``$250,000''; and
                                  (II) by inserting ``except as 
                                provided in subsection (e)'' 
                                after ``outlying area''; and
                          (iv) in subparagraph (B), by striking 
                        ``$250,000'' and inserting 
                        ``$350,000''; and
                  (B) in paragraph (2), by striking ``section 
                205'' and inserting ``section 206'';
          (4) by amending subsection (f) to read as follows:
  ``(f) Hold-Harmless Provisions.--
          ``(1) In general.--Notwithstanding subsection (c), 
        for fiscal year 2011 and each succeeding fiscal year, 
        no eligible agency shall receive an allotment under 
        this section that is less than 90 percent of the 
        allotment the eligible agency received for the 
        preceding fiscal year under this section.
          ``(2) 100 percent allotment.--Notwithstanding 
        paragraph (1) of subsection (e), for a fiscal year for 
        which an eligible agency receives only an initial 
        allotment under subsection (c)(1) (and no additional 
        allotment under subsection (c)(2)) the eligible agency 
        shall receive an allotment under this section that is 
        equal to 100 percent of the initial allotment under 
        subsection (c)(1).
          ``(3) Ratable reduction.--If for any fiscal year the 
        amount available for allotment under this title is 
        insufficient to satisfy the provisions of paragraphs 
        (1) and (2), the Secretary shall ratably reduce the 
        payments to all eligible agencies, as necessary.''; and
          (5) by adding at the end the following:
  ``(h) Study and Report.--
          ``(1) Study.--The Comptroller General of the United 
        States shall conduct a study concerning the formula 
        described in this section and, in conducting the study, 
        shall, at a minimum--
                  ``(A) examine whether the formula results in 
                a distribution of funds that sufficiently 
                targets the entire population of individuals 
                eligible for adult education and literacy 
                activities under this title;
                  ``(B) examine whether the data used to count 
                qualified adults, for purposes of the formula, 
                accurately identify the population of 
                individuals eligible for the activities; and
                  ``(C) develop recommendations, as necessary, 
                for improving the formula so that the formula 
                results in a distribution of funds that better 
                serves that population and the data used to 
                count qualified adults accurately measure that 
                population.
          ``(2) Report.--Not later than 3 years after the date 
        of enactment of the Workforce Investment Act of 2013, 
        the Comptroller General shall submit to the Committee 
        on Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions of the Senate 
        and the Committee on Education and the Workforce of the 
        House of Representatives a report containing the 
        results of the study described in paragraph (1).''.
  (b) Performance Accountability System.--Section 212 is 
amended to read as follows:

``SEC. 212. PERFORMANCE ACCOUNTABILITY SYSTEM.

  ``Programs and activities authorized in this title are 
subject to the performance accountability provisions described 
in section 136. Additional indicators shall include the 
following:
          ``(1) Demonstrated improvements in literacy skill 
        levels in reading, writing, and speaking the English 
        language, numeracy, English language acquisition, and 
        other literacy skills.
          ``(2) Receipt of a secondary school diploma or its 
        equivalent.
          ``(3) Attainment of an industry-recognized workforce 
        readiness credential or other recognized postsecondary 
        credential, the attainment of which requires skills 
        below the postsecondary level.
          ``(4) Placement in, retention in, or completion of a 
        postsecondary education or training program.''.

SEC. 203. AMENDMENTS TO SUBTITLE B.

  (a) State Administration.--Section 221 is amended--
          (1) in paragraph (1), by striking ``submission, and 
        implementation of the State plan'' and inserting 
        ``implementation, and monitoring of the relevant 
        components of the State unified plan in section 112 or 
        the State unified plan in section 113''.
  (b) State Distribution and Matching Requirement.--Section 222 
is amended--
          (1) in subsection (a)--
                  (A) in the matter preceding paragraph (1), by 
                striking `` this subtitle'' and inserting 
                ``section 211(b)'';
                  (B) in paragraph (1)--
                          (i) by striking ``82.5 percent'' and 
                        inserting ``80 percent'';
                          (ii) by striking ``10 percent'' and 
                        inserting ``not less than 10 percent''; 
                        and
                          (iii) by striking ``of the 82.5 
                        percent'';
                  (C) in paragraph (2), by striking ``12.5 
                percent'' and inserting ``15 percent''; and
                  (D) in paragraph (3), by striking ``$65,000'' 
                and inserting ``$75,000''; and
          (2) in subsection (b)(1), by striking ``equal to--'' 
        and inserting ``that is not less than--''.
  (c) State Leadership Activities.--Section 223 is amended by 
amending subsection (a) to read as follows:
  ``(a) Activities.--
          ``(1) Required.--Each eligible agency shall use funds 
        made available under section 222(a)(2) and from other 
        funds available to the State for such purposes, for the 
        following adult education and literacy activities to 
        develop or enhance the adult education system of the 
        State or outlying area:
                  ``(A) The alignment of adult education and 
                literacy activities with other core programs 
                and one-stop partners, including eligible 
                providers, to implement the strategy identified 
                in the unified State plan under section 112 or 
                the State unified plan under section 113, 
                including the development of career pathways to 
                provide access to employment and training 
                services for individuals in adult education and 
                literacy activities.
                  ``(B) The establishment or operation of high-
                quality professional development programs to 
                improve the instruction provided pursuant to 
                local activities required under section 231(b), 
                including instruction incorporating the 
                essential components of reading, writing, and 
                numeracy instruction and instruction for 
                English language learners as such components 
                relate to adults, instruction related to the 
                specific needs of adult learners, instruction 
                provided by volunteers or by personnel of a 
                State or outlying area, and dissemination of 
                information about models and promising 
                practices related to such programs.
                  ``(C) The provision of technical assistance 
                to eligible providers of adult education and 
                literacy activities, including technical 
                assistance in--
                          ``(i) the development and 
                        dissemination of instructional and 
                        programmatic practices based on 
                        available evidence-based research, 
                        where appropriate, in reading, writing, 
                        speaking, mathematics, English language 
                        acquisition programs, distance 
                        education, and staff training;
                          ``(ii) the role of eligible providers 
                        as a one-stop partner in providing 
                        access to employment, education, and 
                        training services;
                          ``(iii) the use of technology, 
                        including for staff training, to 
                        eligible providers, especially the use 
                        of technology to improve system 
                        efficiencies;
                          ``(iv) the development of content and 
                        models for career pathways, including 
                        integrated education and training, 
                        career bridge programs or instruction, 
                        and postsecondary transition 
                        activities; and
                          ``(v) the acquisition and 
                        implementation of technology tools, 
                        applications, and other resources that 
                        will--
                                  ``(I) help in enhancing or 
                                redesigning adult education, 
                                literacy, and workplace skills 
                                curricula to improve technology 
                                literacy for adult learners;
                                  ``(II) facilitate assessments 
                                for data analysis to enable 
                                individualized instruction; and
                                  ``(III) be employed in 
                                professional development 
                                activities.
                  ``(D) The monitoring and evaluation of the 
                quality of, and the improvement in, adult 
                education and literacy activities and the 
                dissemination of information about models and 
                proven or promising practices within the State.
                  ``(E) The assessment of the quality of the 
                adult education teacher workforce in the State, 
                which shall include taking actions to improve 
                that quality, including by establishing a 
                requirement that all paid professionals have at 
                least a bachelor's degree and that volunteers 
                be required to be supervised or supported by a 
                paid professional with a bachelor's degree, and 
                through such actions as working in partnership 
                with colleges and universities to improve the 
                quality of adult education teacher preparation 
                and increase access to high-quality preparation 
                programs.
                  ``(F) The development of rigorous content 
                standards and aligned assessments for their 
                adult education programs that reflect accepted 
                standards for college- and career-readiness 
                that are aligned with the college- and career-
                ready standards the State develops and 
                implements in compliance with section 
                14006(d)(4) of the American Recovery and 
                Reinvestment Act of 2009.
          ``(2) Permissible activities.--Each eligible agency 
        may use funds made available under section 222(a)(2) 
        for 1 or more of the following adult education and 
        literacy activities:
                  ``(A) The support of State or regional 
                networks of literacy resource centers.
                  ``(B) The development and implementation of 
                technology applications, including online and 
                on-air educational digital content, translation 
                technology, or distance education, including 
                professional development to support the use of 
                instructional technology.
                  ``(C) The development and dissemination of 
                curricula, including curricula incorporating 
                the essential components of reading instruction 
                as such components relate to adults.
                  ``(D) The dissemination of content and models 
                for integrated education and training and 
                career pathways, including the provision of 
                technical assistance to eligible providers in 
                the State administering such programs.
                  ``(E) The provision of assistance to eligible 
                providers in developing and implementing 
                programs that achieve the objectives of this 
                title and in measuring the progress of those 
                programs in achieving such objectives, 
                including meeting the State adjusted levels of 
                performance described in section 136(b)(3).
                  ``(F) The provision of assistance to eligible 
                providers in the development of new data 
                management systems required by the performance 
                accountability system described in section 
                136(b).
                  ``(G) The development and implementation of a 
                system to assist in the transition from adult 
                education to postsecondary education, including 
                linkages with postsecondary educational 
                institutions or institutions of higher 
                education.
                  ``(H) The integration of literacy and English 
                language instruction with occupational skill 
                training, including promoting linkages with 
                employers.
                  ``(I) Activities to promote workplace adult 
                education and literacy activities.
                  ``(J) Activities to promote and complement 
                local outreach initiatives described in section 
                243(b)(3)(G).
                  ``(K) In cooperation with efforts funded 
                under sections 242 and 243, development and 
                piloting of--
                          ``(i) promising and proven assessment 
                        tools and strategies that--
                                  ``(I) are based on evidence-
                                based research, where available 
                                and appropriate; and
                                  ``(II) identify the needs and 
                                capture the gains of students 
                                at all levels, with particular 
                                emphasis on--
                                          ``(aa) students at 
                                        the lowest achievement 
                                        level;
                                          ``(bb) students who 
                                        are English language 
                                        learners; and
                                          ``(cc) adults with 
                                        learning disabilities;
                          ``(ii) strategies for improving 
                        teacher quality and retention;
                          ``(iii) assistance in converting 
                        evidence-based research into practice; 
                        and
                          ``(iv) strategies in the use of 
                        technology, including online and on-air 
                        educational digital content to improve 
                        technology literacy for adult learners.
                  ``(L) The development and implementation of 
                programs and services to meet the needs of 
                adult learners with learning disabilities who 
                are English language learners.
                  ``(M) Family literacy activities that promote 
                adult education and help parents become their 
                child's first teacher.
                  ``(N) Support for recruitment and outreach 
                for instructors, students, and employers.
                  ``(O) Other activities of statewide 
                significance that promote the purpose of this 
                title.
          ``(3) Digital learning.--Each eligible agency may 
        reserve up to 10 percent of the funds made available 
        under section (222)(a)(2) for grants to an entity that 
        owns and operates a television public broadcast 
        station, as defined in section 397(6) of the 
        Communications Act of 1934 (47 U.S.C. 397(6)) 
        (including a partnership of such entities), in 
        partnership with an eligible agency, State Board 
        described in section 111, or institution of higher 
        education to develop, disseminate, and provide online 
        and on-air education and training services for adults, 
        including:
                  ``(A) the development, training and use of 
                innovative, high-quality tools, products, and 
                educational digital content and services for--
                          ``(i) adult education and literacy, 
                        GED preparation, workforce training, 
                        and related outreach (including 
                        community and family) services;
                          ``(ii) professional development; and
                          ``(iii) English language education 
                        and services for non-English speakers;
                  ``(B) the development and implementation of 
                technology applications, including online and 
                on-air education digital content, translation 
                technology, or distance education, including 
                professional development to support the use of 
                instructional technology; and
                  ``(C) developing and piloting strategies in 
                the use of technology through online and on-air 
                educational digital content, including to 
                improve technology literacy for adult 
                learners.''.
  (d) State Plan.--Section 224 is amended to read as follows:

``SEC. 224. STATE PLAN.

  ``Each State desiring to receive funds under this title for 
any fiscal year shall submit and have approved by the Secretary 
and the Secretary of Labor a State plan in accordance with 
section 112 or a State unified plan in accordance with section 
113.''.
  (e) Programs for Corrections Education and Other 
Institutionalized Individuals.--Section 225 is amended--
          (1) in subsection (b)--
                  (A) in paragraph (1), by striking ``basic 
                education'' and inserting ``adult education and 
                literacy activities'';
                  (B) in paragraph (2), by striking ``education 
                programs'' and inserting ``education,''; and
                  (C) by striking paragraphs (3) and (4) and 
                inserting the following:
          ``(3) secondary school credit;
          ``(4) integrated education and training;
          ``(5) career pathways;
          ``(6) concurrent enrollment;
          ``(7) postsecondary correctional education linked to 
        employment;
          ``(8) peer tutoring; and
          ``(9) transition to re-entry initiatives and other 
        post-release services with the goal of reducing 
        recidivism.''; and
          (2) by striking subsection (d) and inserting the 
        following:
  ``(d) Report.--In addition to any report required under 
section 136, each eligible agency that receives assistance 
provided under this section shall annually prepare and submit 
to the Secretary a report on the progress, as described in 
section 136, of the eligible agency with respect to the 
programs and activities carried out under this section, 
including the rate of recidivism for the criminal offenders 
served.
  ``(e) Definitions.--In this section:
          ``(1) Correctional institution.--The term 
        `correctional institution' means any--
                  ``(A) prison;
                  ``(B) jail;
                  ``(C) reformatory;
                  ``(D) work farm;
                  ``(E) detention center; or
                  ``(F) halfway house, community-based 
                rehabilitation center, or any other similar 
                institution designed for the confinement or 
                rehabilitation of criminal offenders.
          ``(2) Criminal offender.--The term `criminal 
        offender' means any individual who is charged with or 
        convicted of any criminal offense.''.

SEC. 204. AMENDMENTS TO SUBTITLE C.

  (a) Grants and Contracts for Eligible Providers.--Section 231 
is amended--
          (1) in subsection (b), by striking ``one or more 
        programs that provide'' and all that follows and 
        inserting ``programs that provide adult education and 
        literacy activities, programs that provide such 
        activities concurrently with postsecondary education or 
        training or employment activities, and credit-bearing 
        postsecondary coursework.'';
          (2) in subsection (c)--
                  (A) by striking ``Each eligible'' and 
                inserting:
          ``(1) In general.--Each eligible'';
                  (B) by redesignating paragraphs (1) and (2) 
                as subparagraphs (A) and (B), respectively, and 
                moving such subparagraphs 2 ems to the right;
                  (C) in subparagraph (A) (as so redesignated), 
                by inserting ``and compete'' after ``apply''; 
                and
                  (D) by adding at the end the following:
          ``(2) GAO study.--Not later than the second program 
        year following the date of enactment of the , the 
        Comptroller General shall conduct a study to determine 
        how the provisions of paragraph (1) have been 
        implemented and whether such provisions accomplished 
        the purposes of such paragraph.'';
          (3) in subsection (d)--
                  (A) by striking ``section 203(1)'' and 
                inserting ``section 203(4)''; and
                  (B) by striking ``other than adult education 
                activities'' and inserting ``other than 
                activities for eligible individuals''; and
          (4) in subsection (e)--
                  (A) in paragraph (1), by striking ``will 
                establish measurable goals for participant 
                outcomes'' and insert ``would be responsive 
                to--
                  ``(A) regional needs as identified in the 
                local plan under section 118; and
                  ``(B) serving individuals in the community 
                who were identified in such plan as most in 
                need of adult education and literacy 
                activities, including individuals--
                          ``(i) who have low levels of literacy 
                        skills;
                          ``(ii) who have learning 
                        disabilities; or
                          ``(iii) who are English language 
                        learners;'';
                  (B) by amending paragraphs (2) through (8) to 
                read as follows:
          ``(2) capacity, including past effectiveness in 
        improving the English language, reading, and mathematic 
        skills of eligible individuals of the eligible 
        provider, to meet and exceed State-adjusted levels of 
        performance for the primary indicators of performance 
        described in section 136 for eligible individuals, 
        especially with respect to eligible individuals who 
        have low levels of literacy;
          ``(3) the extent to which the eligible provider 
        demonstrates alignment between proposed activities and 
        services and the strategy and goals of the local plan 
        under section 118, as well as with the activities and 
        services of the one-stop partners;
          ``(4) whether the eligible provider's program uses 
        instructional practices that include the essential 
        components of reading instruction;
          ``(5) whether the eligible provider's activities are 
        built on a strong foundation of evidence-based research 
        on available and effective educational practices;
          ``(6) whether the eligible provider's activities 
        effectively employ advances in technology and delivery 
        systems, including distance education;
          ``(7) whether the eligible provider's activities 
        provide learning in context, including through 
        integrated education and training, so that an 
        individual acquires the skills needed to transition to 
        and success in completing postsecondary education and 
        training programs, obtain and advance in employment 
        leading to economic self-sufficiency, and exercise the 
        rights and responsibilities of citizenship;
          ``(8) whether the eligible provider's activities are 
        delivered by instructors, counselors, and 
        administrators who meet minimum qualifications 
        established by the State, and who have access to 
        professional development, including through electronic 
        means;'';
                  (C) in paragraph (9)--
                          (i) by inserting ``eligible 
                        provider's'' after ``whether the'';
                          (ii) by inserting ``education, 
                        training, and social service'' after 
                        ``other available'';
                          (iii) by inserting ``local workforce 
                        investment boards,'' after 
                        ``postsecondary educational 
                        institutions,''; and
                          (iv) by inserting ``, business, 
                        industry, labor organizations, 
                        community-based organizations, 
                        nonprofit organizations, and 
                        intermediaries, for the development of 
                        career pathways'' before the semicolon;
                  (D) in paragraph (10)--
                          (i) by inserting ``eligible 
                        provider's'' after ``whether the'';
                          (ii) by inserting ``coordination with 
                        Federal, State, and local'' after 
                        ``schedules and''; and
                          (iii) by striking ``and 
                        transportation'' and inserting 
                        ``transportation, mental health 
                        services, and career planning''; and
                  (E) by striking paragraphs (11) and (12) and 
                inserting the following:
          ``(11) the capacity of the eligible provider to 
        provide integrated education and training;
          ``(12) whether the eligible provider maintains an 
        information management system that has the capacity to 
        report measurable participant outcomes (consistent with 
        section 136) and monitor program performance;
          ``(13) the capacity of the eligible provider to offer 
        or connect individuals with career pathways that will 
        lead to economic self-sufficiency;
          ``(14) whether the local areas in which the eligible 
        provider is located have demonstrated need for 
        additional English language acquisition programs, 
        integrated English literacy, and civics education 
        programs; and
          ``(15) the capacity of the eligible provider to serve 
        eligible individuals with disabilities, including 
        individuals with learning disabilities.''.
  (b) Local Application.--Section 232 is amended--
          (1) in the matter preceding paragraph (1), by 
        striking ``under this subtitle'' and inserting ``from 
        an eligible agency'';
          (2) in paragraph (1), by striking ``; and'' and 
        inserting ``consistent with the requirements of this 
        title;''; and
          (3) by striking the period at the end of paragraph 
        (2) and inserting a semicolon, and after such paragraph 
        inserting the following:
          ``(3) a description of how the eligible provider will 
        provide services in alignment with the local plan under 
        section 118, including how such provider will promote 
        concurrent enrollment in programs and activities under 
        titles I and II, as appropriate, to assist eligible 
        individuals in accessing and succeeding in 
        postsecondary education and job training services and 
        how such provider will promote access to career 
        pathways;
          ``(4) a description of how the eligible provider will 
        meet the State adjusted levels of performance described 
        in section 136(b)(3), including how such provider will 
        collect data to report on such performance indicators;
          ``(5) a description of how the eligible provider will 
        fulfill one-stop partner responsibilities as described 
        in section 121(b)(1)(A), as appropriate;
          ``(6) a description of how the eligible provider will 
        provide services in a manner that meets the needs of 
        eligible individuals; and
          ``(7) information that addresses the considerations 
        described under section 231(e), as applicable.''.
  (c) Local Administrative Cost Limits.--Section 233 is 
amended--
          (1) in subsection (a)(2), by striking ``personnel 
        development and interagency coordination'' and 
        inserting ``(including carrying out the requirements of 
        section 136), professional development, and the 
        activities described in paragraphs (3) and (5) of 
        section 232''; and
          (2) in subsection (b), by striking ``adequate 
        planning, administration, personnel development, and 
        interagency coordination'' and inserting ``the eligible 
        provider to carry out the activities described in 
        subsection (a)(2)''.

SEC. 205. AMENDMENTS TO SUBTITLE D.

  (a) Administrative Provisions.--Section 241(b) is amended--
          (1) in paragraph (1)(A), by striking ``adult 
        education and literacy activities'' and inserting 
        ``activities under this title''; and
          (2) in paragraph (4), by striking ``1 fiscal year 
        only'' and inserting ``not more than 1 fiscal year''.
  (b) National Institute for Adult Education and Literacy.--
Section 242 is amended--
          (1) in subsection (a)--
                  (A) in the matter preceding paragraph (1), by 
                inserting ``Adult Education and'' after 
                ``Institute for'';
                  (B) in paragraph (1), by striking 
                ``literacy'' and inserting ``effective adult 
                education and literacy activities for adults 
                and families, including the identification of 
                research topics'';
                  (C) by redesignating paragraphs (2) and (3) 
                as paragraphs (3) and (4), respectively, and 
                inserting after paragraph (1) the following:
          ``(2) supports the development and replication of 
        promising and proven approaches to adult education and 
        literacy activities and programs of demonstrated 
        effectiveness;'';
                  (D) in paragraph (3) (as so redesignated), by 
                striking ``literacy'' and inserting ``and 
                disseminates information on adult education and 
                literacy activities,''; and
                  (E) in paragraph (4) (as so redesignated), by 
                striking ``programs by--'' and all that follows 
                through subparagraph (A) and inserting 
                ``activities by--
                  ``(A) providing advice on the efforts of the 
                Department of Education, Department of Labor, 
                and the Department of Health and Human Services 
                and other relevant agencies to achieve the 
                goals of adult education and literacy programs 
                and programs consistent with title I, within 
                and across such agencies;
                  ``(B) coordinating and participating in the 
                Federal effort to identify, produce, and 
                disseminate information on adult education and 
                literacy activities that are derived from 
                available evidence-based research and effective 
                programs that serve adults and families, 
                including individuals with learning 
                disabilities; and
                  ``(C) providing current information annually 
                on effective practices and research in adult 
                education and literacy activities to the 
                Committee on Health, Education, Labor, and 
                Pensions of the Senate and the Committee on 
                Education and the Workforce of the House of 
                Representatives, and the relevant Federal 
                agencies.'';
          (2) in subsection (b)--
                  (A) in paragraph (1), by inserting ``Adult 
                Education and'' after ``Institute for''; and
                  (B) in paragraph (2), by striking 
                ``separate'' and inserting ``independent'';
          (3) by amending subsection (c) to read as follows:
  ``(c) Duties.--
          ``(1) In general.--In order to reinforce and support 
        the alignment of activities and programs consistent 
        with provisions under title I, the Institute is 
        authorized--
                  ``(A) to maintain a national electronic 
                database of information that disseminates 
                information to the broadest possible audience 
                within the adult education and literacy field, 
                and that includes--
                          ``(i) best practices and research 
                        regarding the provision of adult 
                        education and literacy activities, 
                        including instruction in the essential 
                        components of reading instruction, 
                        integrated education and training, and 
                        the integration of English literacy and 
                        civics education;
                          ``(ii) public and private adult 
                        education and literacy activities and 
                        programs, and Federal, State, and local 
                        policies, affecting the provision of 
                        adult education and literacy activities 
                        at the national, State, and local 
                        levels;
                          ``(iii) opportunities for technical 
                        assistance, meetings, conferences, and 
                        other opportunities that lead to the 
                        improvement of adult education and 
                        literacy activities;
                          ``(iv) a list of eligible providers; 
                        and
                          ``(v) best practices in reading 
                        research, numeracy instruction, and 
                        service to English language learners;
                  ``(B) to coordinate the support of promising 
                and proven research, as defined by the 
                Institute of Education Sciences, and 
                development on adult education and literacy 
                activities for adults and for employers across 
                Federal agencies, and to carry out basic and 
                applied research and development on topics that 
                are not being investigated by other 
                organizations or agencies, such as the special 
                literacy needs of individuals with learning 
                disabilities;
                  ``(C) to provide policy and technical 
                assistance to Federal, State, and local 
                entities for the improvement of policy and 
                programs relating to adult education and 
                literacy activities;
                  ``(D) to fund a network of State or regional 
                adult education and literacy resource centers 
                to assist State eligible agencies, eligible 
                providers, and private nonprofit efforts to 
                improve adult education and literacy activities 
                by--
                          ``(i) encouraging the coordination of 
                        adult education and literacy 
                        activities;
                          ``(ii) enhancing the capacity of 
                        State eligible agencies and eligible 
                        providers to deliver adult education 
                        and literacy activities; and
                          ``(iii) serving as a link between the 
                        Institute and eligible providers of 
                        adult education and literacy activities 
                        for the purpose of sharing information, 
                        data, research, expertise, and literacy 
                        resources, and for soliciting research 
                        needs;
                  ``(E) to establish and maintain a national 
                adult learning and technology resource center 
                to--
                          ``(i) develop frameworks for 
                        technology-based learning and 
                        professional development materials for 
                        adult education, literacy, and 
                        workplace skills;
                          ``(ii) support distance education for 
                        professional development for eligible 
                        entities and eligible providers of 
                        adult education, literacy, and 
                        workplace skills services;
                          ``(iii) coordinate and share 
                        information on the innovative uses of 
                        technology, such as the use of 
                        assistive technology to deliver digital 
                        content to adult learners; and
                          ``(iv) be accessible to the public 
                        through the website of the center;
                  ``(F) to advise Congress and Federal 
                departments and agencies regarding the 
                development of policy with respect to adult 
                education and literacy activities;
                  ``(G) to undertake other activities that lead 
                to the improvement of the Nation's adult 
                education and literacy delivery system and that 
                complement other such efforts being undertaken 
                by public and private agencies and 
                organizations, including activities that relate 
                to the acquisition of skills in reading, 
                writing, English language acquisition, and 
                mathematics;
                  ``(H) to assist States that are pursuing the 
                implementation of standards-based educational 
                improvements and related standards-based 
                assessment instruments for eligible providers 
                through the dissemination of training, 
                technical assistance, and related support; and
                  ``(I) to develop and disseminate best 
                practices on the education, training, 
                professional development, certification, and 
                credentialing of adult education instructors, 
                including how the use of technology can 
                contribute to such efforts.
          ``(2) Grants, contracts, and cooperative 
        agreements.--The Institute may award competitive grants 
        to, or enter into contracts or cooperative agreements 
        with, individuals, public or private institutions, 
        agencies, organizations, or consortia of such 
        institutions, agencies, or organizations to carry out 
        the activities of the Institute.
          ``(3) Coordination.--In identifying and supporting 
        promising and proven research the Institute shall use 
        standards for research quality that are consistent with 
        those of the Institute of Education Sciences.'';
          (4) in subsection (d)(1), by striking ``research, or 
        innovation'' and inserting ``or research'';
          (5) in subsection (e)--
                  (A) in the subsection heading, by inserting 
                ``Adult Education and'' after ``Institute 
                for'';
                  (B) in paragraph (1)--
                          (i) in subparagraph (A), by inserting 
                        ``Adult Education and'' after 
                        ``Institute for'';
                          (ii) in subparagraph (B)(i)--
                                  (I) by inserting ``adult 
                                education and'' after 
                                ``organizations and providers 
                                of''; and
                                  (II) by striking ``English 
                                literacy'' and inserting 
                                ``English language 
                                acquisition'';
                          (iii) in subparagraph (B)(ii), by 
                        striking ``literacy programs'' and 
                        inserting ``or have participated in or 
                        partnered with workplace adult 
                        education and literacy activities'';
                          (iv) in subparagraph (B)(iii), by 
                        striking ``literacy'' both places it 
                        appears and inserting ``adult education 
                        and literacy'';
                          (v) in subparagraph (B)(iv), by 
                        inserting ``adult education and 
                        literacy research, including adult'' 
                        after ``area of'';
                          (vi) in subparagraph (B)(vi), by 
                        striking ``and'';
                          (vii) in subparagraph (B)(vii), by 
                        striking the period and inserting ``; 
                        and''; and
                          (viii) by adding at the end the 
                        following:
                          ``(viii) institutions of higher 
                        education or postsecondary educational 
                        institutions.'';
                  (C) in paragraph (2)--
                          (i) in subparagraph (B), by striking 
                        ``and'';
                          (ii) in subparagraph (C), by striking 
                        the period at the end and inserting ``; 
                        and''; and
                          (iii) by adding at the end the 
                        following:
                  ``(D) review the biennial report submitted to 
                Congress pursuant to subsection (k).''; and
                  (D) in paragraph (5)--
                          (i) by striking ``Any'' and inserting 
                        ``A''; and
                          (ii) by inserting ``at a meeting for 
                        which there is a quorum'' before the 
                        period;
          (6) in subsection (k)--
                  (A) in the matter preceding paragraph (1)--
                          (i) by striking ``The'' and inserting 
                        ; and
                          (ii) by striking ``Committee on Labor 
                        and Human Resources of the Senate'' and 
                        inserting ``Committee on Health, 
                        Education, Labor and Pensions of the 
                        Senate and the relevant agencies'';
                  (B) in paragraph (1), by inserting ``adult 
                education and'' after ``field of''; and
                  (C) in paragraph (2), by striking ``adult 
                education and'' after ``goals of the''; and
          (7) by adding at the end the following:
  ``(m) National Institute for Literacy.--Any reference in any 
other Federal law, Executive order, rule, regulation, or 
delegation of authority, or any document of or pertaining to--
          ``(1) the head of the National Institute for Literacy 
        shall be treated as a reference to the head of the 
        National Institute for Adult Education and Literacy; 
        and
          ``(2) the National Institute for Literacy shall be 
        treated as a reference to the National Institute for 
        Adult Education and Literacy.''.
  (c) National Leadership Activities.--Section 243 is amended--
          (1) in the matter preceding paragraph (1)--
                  (A) by striking ``The Secretary'' and 
                inserting:
  ``(a) In General.--The Secretary'';
                  (B) by inserting ``and outcomes'' after ``the 
                quality'';
                  (C) by striking ``programs'' and inserting 
                ``activities and programs''; and
                  (D) by striking ``Such activities may include 
                the following:'' and inserting:
  ``(b) Allowable Activities.--The national leadership 
activities described in subsection (a) may include the 
following:'';
          (2) in paragraph (1)--
                  (A) by redesignating subparagraphs (A) 
                through (C) as subparagraphs (B) through (D), 
                respectively and inserting before subparagraph 
                (B) (as so redesignated) the following:
                  ``(A) assistance to help States meet the 
                requirements of section 136;'';
                  (B) in subparagraph (B) (as so 
                redesignated)--
                          (i) by striking ``developing and 
                        using performance measures'' and 
                        inserting ``using performance 
                        accountability measures based on 
                        indicators described in section 136, 
                        and data systems''; and
                          (ii) by striking ``, including family 
                        literacy services'';
                  (C) in subparagraph (C) (as so redesignated), 
                by striking ``including family literacy 
                services'' and all that follows and inserting 
                ``utilizing evidence-based research where 
                available;'';
                  (D) in subparagraph (D) (as so 
                redesignated)--
                          (i) by striking ``learning'' and 
                        inserting ``education''; and
                          (ii) by striking the period and 
                        inserting the following: ``, including 
                        through the use of instructional models 
                        that blend in-person and online 
                        instruction; and''; and
                  (E) by adding at the end the following:
                  ``(E) assistance in the development and 
                dissemination of promising and proven models 
                for addressing the digital literacy needs of 
                adults, including older adults.'';
          (3) by redesignating paragraph (2) as paragraph (3), 
        and inserting after paragraph (1) the following:
          ``(2) A program of grants, contracts, or cooperative 
        agreements awarded on a competitive basis to national, 
        regional, or local networks of private nonprofit 
        organizations, public libraries, or institutions of 
        higher education to build the capacity of such 
        networks' members to--
                  ``(A) meet the performance requirements, 
                described in section 136, of eligible providers 
                under this title; and
                  ``(B) involve eligible individuals in program 
                improvement.''; and
          (4) in paragraph (3) (as so redesignated)--
                  (A) in the matter preceding subparagraph (A), 
                by inserting ``institutions of higher 
                education,'' after ``postsecondary educational 
                institutions,'';
                  (B) in subparagraph (A), by striking 
                ``phonemic awareness'' and all that follows 
                through ``reading comprehension'' and inserting 
                ``the essential components of reading 
                instruction'';
                  (C) in subparagraph (B), by striking ``, 
                including family literacy services'';
                  (D) in subparagraph (C), by striking 
                ``research, such as'' and inserting: 
                ``research, including evidence-based research 
                where available, on national literacy basic 
                skill acquisition for adult learning, 
                including'';
                  (E) in subparagraph (D)--
                          (i) in clause (i), by striking the 
                        semicolon and inserting ``, which may 
                        include programs that--
                                  ``(I) accelerate learning 
                                outcomes for eligible 
                                individuals with the lowest 
                                literacy levels;
                                  ``(II) promote career 
                                pathways for eligible 
                                individuals;
                                  ``(III) promote concurrent 
                                enrollment programs in adult 
                                education and credit bearing 
                                postsecondary coursework; and
                                  ``(IV) develop high-quality 
                                professional development 
                                activities for eligible 
                                providers;''; and
                          (ii) in clause (ii), by striking 
                        ``such as the development'' and all 
                        that follows and inserting ``such as--
                                  ``(I) programs for skill 
                                certification;
                                  ``(II) the identification of 
                                effective strategies for 
                                working with adults with 
                                learning disabilities and with 
                                adults who are English language 
                                learners;
                                  ``(III) integrated education 
                                and training programs;
                                  ``(IV) programs providing 
                                adult education and literacy 
                                activities coordinated with 
                                employment services;
                                  ``(V) family literacy 
                                activities that promote adult 
                                education and help parents 
                                become their child's first 
                                teacher; and
                                  ``(VI) postsecondary 
                                education and training 
                                transition programs;'';
                  (F) in subparagraph (E)--
                          (i) in the matter preceding clause 
                        (i), by striking ``through studies and 
                        analyses conducted independently'';
                          (ii) in clause (i)--
                                  (I) by inserting 
                                ``accountability'' after 
                                ``performance'';
                                  (II) by inserting ``, 
                                including interim measures 
                                connected to increasing 
                                advancement along a career 
                                pathway,'' after ``measures of 
                                accountability''; and
                                  (III) by striking ``, 
                                including family literacy 
                                services'';
                          (iii) in clause (ii)--
                                  (I) by striking ``including 
                                family literacy services''; and
                                  (II) by striking ``adults 
                                (and of children'' and all that 
                                follows through ``in such 
                                activities'' and inserting 
                                ``eligible individuals, lead'';
                          (iv) in clause (iii)--
                                  (I) by striking ``adults'' 
                                and inserting ``eligible 
                                individuals'';
                                  (II) by striking ``family''; 
                                and
                                  (III) by striking 
                                ``programs'' and inserting 
                                ``activities''; and
                          (v) in clause (iv), by striking 
                        ``eligible agencies have distributed'' 
                        and all that follows and inserting 
                        ``different types of providers 
                        measurably improve the skills of 
                        eligible individuals in adult education 
                        and literacy activities;'';
                  (G) by redesignating subparagraphs (F), (G) 
                and (H) as subparagraphs (G), (H), and (K), 
                respectively;
                  (H) by inserting after subparagraph (E) the 
                following:
                  ``(F) carrying out research on the 
                relationship between instructional quality, 
                including education levels, certification 
                status, and experience of instructors, and the 
                performance outcomes of eligible providers 
                consistent with section 136;'';
                  (I) in subparagraph (G) (as so 
                redesignated)--
                          (i) by inserting ``of programs'' 
                        after ``building''; and
                          (ii) by striking ``subtitle'' and 
                        inserting ``title''; and
                  (J) in subparagraph (H) (as so redesignated), 
                by striking ``; and'' and inserting a semicolon 
                and inserting after such subparagraph the 
                following:
                  ``(I) supporting the development of an entity 
                that would produce and distribute technology-
                based programs and materials for adult 
                education and literacy activities using an 
                interconnection system (as defined in section 
                397 of the Communications Act of 1934 (47 
                U.S.C. 397)) and expand the effective outreach 
                and use of such programs and materials to 
                eligible providers;
                  ``(J) determining how participation in adult 
                education and literacy activities prepares 
                eligible individuals for entry into 
                postsecondary education and employment and, in 
                the case of programs carried out in 
                correctional institutions, has an effect on 
                recidivism; and''.
  (d) Integrated English Literacy and Civics Education.--
Subtitle D, as redesignated by section 201(f), is further 
amended by adding after section 243 the following new section:

``SEC. 244. INTEGRATED ENGLISH LITERACY AND CIVICS EDUCATION.

  ``(a) In General.--From funds made available under section 
211(a)(1)(C) for each fiscal year, the Secretary shall award 
grants to States, from allotments under subsection (b), for 
integrated English literacy and civics education.
  ``(b) Allotment.--
          ``(1) In general.--Subject to paragraph (2), from 
        amounts made available under section 211(a)(1)(C) for a 
        fiscal year, the Secretary shall allocate--
                  ``(A) 65 percent to the States on the basis 
                of a State's need for integrated English 
                literacy and civics education, as determined by 
                calculating each State's share of a 10-year 
                average of the data of the Office of 
                Immigration Statistics of the Department of 
                Homeland Security for immigrants admitted for 
                legal permanent residence for the 10 most 
                recent years; and
                  ``(B) 35 percent to the States on the basis 
                of whether the State experienced growth, as 
                measured by the average of the 3 most recent 
                years for which the data of the Office of 
                Immigration Statistics of the Department of 
                Homeland Security for immigrants admitted for 
                legal permanent residence are available.
          ``(2) Minimum.--No State shall receive an allotment 
        under paragraph (1) in an amount that is less than 
        $60,000.
  ``(c) Study To Determine Continued Need.--Not later than 2 
years after the date of the enactment of the Workforce 
Investment Act of 2012 and every 2 years thereafter, the 
Secretaries of Education, Labor, and Homeland Security shall 
submit a report to Congress about the English-language 
instruction needs of adult immigrants. It shall include changes 
in national, State and county-level approaches and requirements 
in English-language instruction; data on the composition of 
recent immigration flows and immigrant settlement patterns 
across States; and estimated instructional needs based on the 
English ability and educational attainment of recent immigrants 
from top immigrant-sending countries. Such study shall be 
commissioned by the Institute of Education Sciences, with its 
design conducted in collaboration with the Departments of Labor 
and Homeland Security.''.

             TITLE III--AMENDMENTS TO THE WAGNER-PEYSER ACT

SEC. 301. EMPLOYMENT SERVICE OFFICES.

  Section 1 of the Wagner-Peyser Act (29 U.S.C. 49) is amended 
by inserting ``service'' before ``offices''.

SEC. 302. DEFINITIONS.

  Section 2 of the Wagner-Peyser Act (29 U.S.C. 49a) is 
amended--
          (1) by redesignating paragraphs (2) through (5) as 
        paragraphs (3) through (6), respectively;
          (2) by inserting after paragraph (1) the following:
          ``(2) the term `employment service office' means a 
        local office of a State agency;'';
          (3) in paragraph (3) (as so redesignated)--
                  (A) by striking ``investment board'' each 
                place it appears and inserting ``development 
                board''; and
                  (B) by striking ``of 1998'' and inserting 
                ``of 2011'';
          (4) in paragraph (4) (as so redesignated)--
                  (A) by striking ``134(c)'' and inserting 
                ``221(e)''; and
                  (B) by striking ``1998'' and inserting 
                ``2011'';
          (5) in paragraph (6) (as so redesignated), by 
        striking the period and inserting a semicolon; and
          (6) by adding at the end the following:
          ``(7) except in section 15, the term `State agency', 
        used without further description, means an agency 
        designated or authorized under section 4; and
          ``(8) the term `workplace learning advisor', has the 
        meaning given the terms in section 101 of the Workforce 
        Investment Act of 1998.''.

SEC. 303. FEDERAL AND STATE EMPLOYMENT SERVICE OFFICES.

  (a) Coordination.--Section 3(a) of the Wagner-Peyser Act (29 
U.S.C. 49b(a)) is amended by striking ``services'' and 
inserting ``service offices''.
  (b) Public Labor Exchange Services System.--Section 3(c)(2) 
of the Wagner-Peyser Act (29 U.S.C. 49b(c)(2)) is amended by 
inserting ``, and identify and disseminate information on best 
practices for such system'' before the semicolon.
  (c) One-Stop Centers.--Section 3 of the Wagner-Peyser Act (29 
U.S.C. 49b) is amended by inserting after subsection (c) the 
following:
  ``(d) In order to improve service delivery, avoid duplication 
of services, and enhance coordination of services, the 
employment service offices in each State and the one-stop 
centers shall be collocated to the extent practicable.
  ``(e) The Secretary, in consultation with States, is 
authorized to assist the States in the development of national 
electronic tools that may be used to improve access to 
workforce information for individuals through--
          ``(1) the one-stop delivery systems established as 
        described in section 121(e) of the Workforce Investment 
        Act of 2012; and
          ``(2) such other delivery systems as the Secretary 
        determines to be appropriate.''.

SEC. 304. ALLOTMENT OF SUMS.

  Section 6 of the Wagner-Peyser Act (29 U.S.C. 49e) is 
amended--
          (1) in subsection (a)--
                  (A) by striking ``From'' and inserting 
                ``After making the reservation required by 
                subsection (c), from''; and
                  (B) by striking ``amounts appropriated 
                pursuant to section 5'' and inserting ``funds 
                appropriated and (except for Guam) certified 
                under section 5 and made available for 
                allotments under this section''; and
          (2) in subsection (b)(1)--
                  (A) in the matter preceding subparagraph 
                (A)--
                          (i) by inserting before ``the 
                        Secretary'' the following ``after 
                        making the allotments required by 
                        subsection (a),''; and
                          (ii) by striking ``sums'' and all 
                        that follows through ``this Act'' and 
                        inserting ``funds described in 
                        subsection (a)'';
                  (B) in each of subparagraphs (A) and (B), by 
                striking ``sums'' and inserting ``remainder''; 
                and
                  (C) by adding at the end the following: ``For 
                purposes of this paragraph, the term `State' 
                does not include Guam or the Virgin Islands.''.

SEC. 305. USE OF SUMS.

  (a) Resources for Unemployment Insurance Claimants.--Section 
7(a)(3) of the Wagner-Peyser Act (29 U.S.C. 49f(a)(3)) is 
amended--
          (1) by striking ``and'' at the end of subparagraph 
        (E);
          (2) by striking the period at the end of subparagraph 
        (F) and inserting ``; and''; and
          (3) by inserting after subparagraph (F) the 
        following:
                  ``(G) providing unemployment insurance 
                claimants and other unemployed individuals with 
                referrals to, and application assistance for, 
                training and education resources and programs, 
                including Federal Pell Grants under subpart 1 
                of part A of title IV of the Higher Education 
                Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1070a et seq.), 
                educational assistance under chapter 30 of 
                title 38, United States Code (commonly referred 
                to as the Montgomery GI Bill), and chapter 33 
                of that title (Post-9/11 Veterans Educational 
                Assistance), student assistance under title IV 
                of the Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 
                1070 et seq.), State student higher education 
                assistance, and training and education programs 
                provided under titles I and II of the Workforce 
                Investment Act of 2012, and title I of the 
                Rehabilitation Act of 1973 (29 U.S.C. 720 et 
                seq.).''.
  (b) State Activities.--Section 7(b) of the Wagner-Peyser Act 
(29 U.S.C. 49f(b)) is amended--
          (1) in paragraph (1), by striking ``performance 
        standards established by the Secretary'' and inserting 
        ``the performance accountability measures that are 
        based on indicators described in section 
        136(b)(2)(A)(i) of the Workforce Investment Act of 
        2012''; and
          (2) in paragraph (2), by inserting ``offices'' after 
        ``employment service''.
  (c) Providing Additional Funds.--Section 7(c)(2) of the 
Wagner-Peyser Act (29 U.S.C. 49f(c)(2)) is amended by striking 
``1998'' and inserting ``2011''.
  (d) Other Services and Activities.--Section 7(d) of the 
Wagner-Peyser Act (29 U.S.C. 49f(d)) is amended by striking 
``1998'' and inserting ``2011''.
  (e) Conforming Amendment.--Section 7(e) of the Wagner-Peyser 
Act (29 U.S.C. 49f(e)) is amended by striking ``labor 
employment statistics'' and inserting ``labor market 
information''.

SEC. 306. STATE PLAN.

  Section 8 of the Wagner-Peyser Act (29 U.S.C. 49g) is amended 
to read as follows:
  ``Sec. 8.  Any State desiring to receive assistance under 
section 6 shall prepare and submit to, and have approved by, 
the Secretary and the Secretary of Education, a State plan in 
accordance with section 112 or 113 of the Workforce Investment 
Act of 2011.''.

SEC. 307. PERFORMANCE ACCOUNTABILITY MEASURES.

  Section 13(a) of the Wagner-Peyser Act (29 U.S.C. 49l(a)) is 
amended to read as follows:
  ``(a) The activities carried out pursuant to section 7 shall 
be subject to the performance accountability measures that are 
based on indicators described in section 136(b)(2)(A)(i) of the 
Workforce Investment Act of 2011.''.

SEC. 308. PILOT PROJECTS.

  The Wagner-Peyser Act is amended by inserting after section 
13 (29 U.S.C. 49l) the following:

``SEC. 13A. PILOT PROJECTS.

  ``(a) Grants.--From funds appropriated under subsection (f), 
the Secretary, in consultation with the Secretary of Education, 
shall establish and carry out a pilot program. In carrying out 
the program, the Secretary shall annually make grants, on a 
competitive basis, to State agencies to cooperate in the 
administration of this Act by carrying out pilot projects that 
enhance the professional development and provision of services 
by the staff of such State agencies.
  ``(b) Use of Funds.--Funds made available under this section 
may be used to enable a State agency to--
          ``(1) make available a broad range of career guidance 
        services, including career planning, aptitude and 
        interest assessments, provision of labor market 
        information, job placement services, and evaluations of 
        the outcomes for recipients of such services;
          ``(2) strengthen the capacity of the State agency to 
        identify job openings through the use of technology, 
        and through intensive outreach to small- and medium-
        size employers while using and enhancing the business 
        and employer services authorized under this Act;
          ``(3) provide professional development and career 
        advancement opportunities for staff of a State agency 
        in order to upgrade their skills and competencies in 
        the provision of career development activities, 
        employer outreach, job placement, and other services 
        authorized under this Act, including upgrading those 
        skills and competencies through the training of such 
        staff to improve their knowledge of, and ability to 
        effectively interact with, staff and programs of one-
        stop partners and other entities administering 
        workforce development programs;
          ``(4) identify and implement strategies for State 
        agency staff to provide technical assistance and 
        training to assist other providers of workforce 
        development activities, including workplace learning 
        advisors, in providing counseling and employment-
        related services to workers and job seekers, and 
        employers; and
          ``(5) identify and implement new strategies for 
        integrating counseling and technology to enhance the 
        provision of employment-related services under this 
        Act.
  ``(c) Applications.--A State agency that seeks a grant under 
this section shall submit an application to the Secretary at 
such time, in such manner, and containing such information as 
the Secretary may require.
  ``(d) Priority.--In awarding grants under this section, the 
Secretary, in consultation with the Secretary of Education, 
shall--
          ``(1) give priority to a State agency that--
                  ``(A) demonstrates participation by employees 
                of the agency and their organized 
                representatives in the planning of the proposed 
                pilot project;
                  ``(B) demonstrates participation by the 
                employees, or provides an assurance that the 
                employees will participate, in the 
                implementation of the pilot project; and
                  ``(C) demonstrates that the State agency has 
                established a partnership, or provides an 
                assurance that the agency will establish a 
                partnership, with a relevant professional 
                organization, or with an institution of higher 
                education; and
          ``(2) ensure geographic diversity and diversity with 
        respect to the population density of the States in 
        which projects under this section will be carried out.
  ``(e) Authorization of Appropriations.--There is authorized 
to be appropriated to carry out this section such sums as may 
be necessary for each of fiscal years 2013 through 2017.''.

SEC. 309. LABOR MARKET INFORMATION SYSTEM.

  (a) Heading.--The section heading for section 15 of the 
Wagner-Peyser Act (29 U.S.C. 49l-2) is amended by striking 
``EMPLOYMENT STATISTICS'' and inserting ``LABOR MARKET 
INFORMATION SYSTEM''.
  (b) Name of System.--Section 15(a)(1) of the Wagner-Peyser 
Act (29 U.S.C. 49l-2(a)(1)) is amended by striking ``employment 
statistics system of employment statistics'' and inserting 
``labor market information system''.
  (c) System Responsibilities.--Section 15(b) of the Wagner-
Peyser Act (29 U.S.C. 49l-2(b)) is amended--
          (1) by striking paragraph (1) and inserting the 
        following:
          ``(1) In general.--
                  ``(A) Structure.--The labor market 
                information system described in subsection (a) 
                shall be evaluated and improved by the 
                Secretary, in consultation with the Workforce 
                Information Advisory Council established in 
                subsection (d).
                  ``(B) Grants and responsibilities.--
                          ``(i) In general.--The Secretary 
                        shall carry out the provisions of this 
                        section in a timely manner, through 
                        grants to or agreements with States.
                          ``(ii) Distribution of funds.--Using 
                        amounts appropriated under subsection 
                        (g), the Secretary shall provide funds 
                        through those grants and agreements. In 
                        distributing the funds (relating to 
                        labor market information funding) for 
                        fiscal years 2013 through 2017, the 
                        Secretary shall continue to distribute 
                        the funds to States in the manner in 
                        which the Secretary distributed funds 
                        to the States under this section for 
                        fiscal years 2004 through 2008.''; and
          (2) by striking paragraph (2) and inserting the 
        following:
          ``(2) Duties.--The Secretary, with respect to data 
        collection, analysis, and dissemination of labor market 
        information for the system, shall carry out the 
        following duties:
                  ``(A) Assign responsibilities within the 
                Department of Labor for elements of the labor 
                market information system described in 
                subsection (a) to ensure that the statistical 
                and administrative data collected is consistent 
                with appropriate Bureau of Labor Statistics 
                standards and definitions, and that the 
                information is accessible and understandable to 
                users of such data.
                  ``(B) Actively seek the cooperation of heads 
                of other Federal agencies to establish and 
                maintain mechanisms for ensuring 
                complementarity and nonduplication in the 
                development and operation of statistical and 
                administrative data collection activities.
                  ``(C) Solicit, receive, and evaluate the 
                recommendations from the Workforce Information 
                Advisory Council established in subsection (d) 
                concerning the evaluation and improvement of 
                the labor market information system described 
                in subsection (a) and respond in writing to the 
                Council regarding the recommendations.
                  ``(D) Through the Bureau of Labor Statistics 
                and the Employment and Training Administration, 
                and in collaboration with States, develop and 
                maintain the elements of the labor market 
                information system described in subsection (a), 
                including the development of consistent 
                procedures and definitions for use by the 
                States in collecting the data and information 
                described in subparagraphs (A) and (B) of 
                subsection (a)(1).
                  ``(E) Establish procedures for the system to 
                ensure that--
                          ``(i) such data and information are 
                        timely; and
                          ``(ii) paperwork and reporting for 
                        the system are reduced to a minimum.''.
  (d) Two-Year Plan.--Section 15 of the Wagner-Peyser Act (29 
U.S.C. 49l-2) is amended by striking subsection (c) and 
inserting the following:
  ``(c) Two-Year Plan.--The Secretary, acting through the 
Commissioner of Labor Statistics and the Assistant Secretary 
for Employment and Training, and in consultation with the 
Workforce Information Advisory Council described in subsection 
(d) and heads of other appropriate Federal agencies, shall 
prepare a 2-year plan for the labor market information system. 
The plan shall be developed and implemented in a manner that 
takes into account the activities described in State plans 
submitted by States under section 112 or 113 of the Workforce 
Investment Act of 2012 and shall be submitted to the Committee 
on Education and the Workforce of the House of Representatives 
and the Committee on Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions of 
the Senate. The plan shall include--
          ``(1) a description of how the Secretary will work 
        with the States to manage the nationwide labor market 
        information system described in subsection (a) and the 
        statewide workforce and labor market information 
        systems that comprise the nationwide system;
          ``(2) a description of the steps to be taken in the 
        following 2 years to carry out the duties described in 
        subsection (b)(2);
          ``(3) an evaluation of the performance of the system, 
        with particular attention to the improvements needed at 
        the State and local levels;
          ``(4) a description of the involvement of States in 
        the development of the plan, through consultation by 
        the Secretary with the Workforce Information Advisory 
        Council in accordance with subsection (d); and
          ``(5) a description of the written recommendations 
        received from the Workforce Information Advisory 
        Council established under subsection (d), and the 
        extent to which those recommendations were incorporated 
        into the plan.''.
  (e) Workforce Information Advisory Council.--Section 15 of 
the Wagner-Peyser Act (29 U.S.C. 49l-2) is amended by striking 
subsection (d) and inserting the following:
  ``(d) Workforce Information Advisory Council.--
          ``(1) In general.--The Secretary, through the 
        Commissioner of Labor Statistics and the Assistant 
        Secretary of Labor for Employment and Training, shall 
        formally consult at least twice annually with the 
        Workforce Information Advisory Council established in 
        accordance with paragraph (2). Such consultations shall 
        address the evaluation and improvement of the 
        nationwide labor market information system described in 
        subsection (a) and the statewide labor market 
        information systems that comprise the nationwide system 
        and how the Department of Labor and the States will 
        cooperate in the management of such systems. The 
        Council shall provide written recommendations to the 
        Secretary concerning the evaluation and improvement of 
        the nationwide system, including any recommendations 
        regarding the 2-year plan described in subsection (c).
          ``(2) Establishment of council.--
                  ``(A) Establishment.--The Secretary shall 
                establish an advisory council that shall be 
                known as the Workforce Information Advisory 
                Council (referred to in this section as the 
                `Council') to participate in the consultations 
                and provide the recommendations described in 
                paragraph (1).
                  ``(B) Membership.--The Secretary shall 
                appoint the members of the Council, which shall 
                consist of--
                          ``(i) 4 members who are 
                        representatives of lead State agencies 
                        with responsibility for workforce 
                        investment activities, or State 
                        agencies described in section 4, who 
                        have been nominated by such agencies or 
                        by a national organization that 
                        represents such agencies;
                          ``(ii) 4 members who are 
                        representatives of the State labor 
                        market information directors affiliated 
                        with the State agencies that perform 
                        the duties described in subsection 
                        (e)(2), who have been nominated by the 
                        directors;
                          ``(iii) 1 member who is a 
                        representative of providers of training 
                        services under section 122 of the 
                        Workforce Investment Act of 2012;
                          ``(iv) 1 member who is a 
                        representative of economic development 
                        entities;
                          ``(v) 1 member who is a 
                        representative of businesses, who has 
                        been nominated by national business 
                        organizations or trade associations;
                          ``(vi) 1 member who is a 
                        representative of labor organizations, 
                        who has been nominated by a national 
                        labor federation;
                          ``(vii) 1 member who is a 
                        representative of local workforce 
                        investment boards, who has been 
                        nominated by a national organization 
                        representing such boards; and
                          ``(viii) 1 member who is a 
                        representative of research entities 
                        that utilize labor market information.
                  ``(C) Geographic diversity.--The Secretary 
                shall ensure that the membership of the Council 
                is geographically diverse and that no 2 of the 
                members appointed under clauses (i), (ii), and 
                (vii) represent the same State.
                  ``(D) Period of appointment; vacancies.--
                          ``(i) In general.--Each member of the 
                        Council shall be appointed for a term 
                        of 3 years, except that the initial 
                        terms for members may be 1, 2, or 3 
                        years in order to establish a rotation 
                        in which one-third of the members are 
                        selected each year. Any such member may 
                        be appointed for not more than 2 
                        consecutive terms.
                          ``(ii) Vacancies.--Any member 
                        appointed to fill a vacancy occurring 
                        before the expiration of the term for 
                        which the member's predecessor was 
                        appointed shall be appointed only for 
                        the remainder of that term. A member 
                        may serve after the expiration of that 
                        member's term until a successor has 
                        taken office.
                  ``(E) Travel expenses.--The members of the 
                Council shall not receive compensation for the 
                performance of services for the Council, but 
                shall be allowed travel expenses, including per 
                diem in lieu of subsistence, at rates 
                authorized for employees of agencies under 
                subchapter I of chapter 57 of title 5, United 
                States Code, while away from their homes or 
                regular places of business in the performance 
                of services for the Council. Notwithstanding 
                section 1342 of title 31, United States Code, 
                the Secretary may accept the voluntary and 
                uncompensated services of members of the 
                Council.''.
  (f) State Responsibilities.--Section 15(e) of the Wagner-
Peyser Act (29 U.S.C. 49l-2(e)) is amended--
          (1) by striking ``employment statistics'' each place 
        it appears and inserting ``labor market information'';
          (2) in paragraph (1)(A) by striking ``annual plan'' 
        and inserting ``plan described in subsection (c)''; and
          (3) in paragraph (2)--
                  (A) in subparagraph (G), by inserting ``and'' 
                at the end;
                  (B) by striking subparagraph (H);
                  (C) in subparagraph (I), by striking 
                ``section 136(f)(2) of the Workforce Investment 
                Act of 1998'' and inserting ``section 131(i)(2) 
                of the Workforce Investment Act of 2012''; and
                  (D) by redesignating subparagraph (I) as 
                subparagraph (H).
  (g) Authorization of Appropriations.--Section 15(g) of the 
Wagner-Peyser Act (29 U.S.C. 49l-2(g)) is amended by striking 
``1999 through 2004'' and inserting ``2013 through 2017''.

         TITLE IV--AMENDMENTS TO THE REHABILITATION ACT OF 1973

                  Subtitle A--Introductory Provisions

SEC. 401. REFERENCES.

  Except as otherwise specifically provided, whenever in this 
title an amendment or repeal is expressed in terms of an 
amendment to, or repeal of, a provision, the amendment or 
repeal shall be considered to be made to a provision of the 
Rehabilitation Act of 1973 (29 U.S.C. 701 et seq.).

SEC. 402. FINDINGS, PURPOSE, POLICY.

  (a) Findings.--Section 2(a) is amended--
          (1) in paragraph (5), by striking ``and'' at the end;
          (2) in paragraph (6), by striking the period and 
        inserting ``; and''; and
          (3) by adding at the end the following:
          ``(7)(A) a high proportion of students are leaving 
        secondary education without being employed in 
        competitive integrated employment, or being enrolled in 
        postsecondary education; and
          ``(B) there is a substantial need to support such 
        students as they transition from school to 
        postsecondary life.''.
  (b) Purpose.--Section 2(b) (29 U.S.C. 701(b)) is amended--
          (1) in paragraph (1)--
                  (A) in the matter preceding subparagraph (A), 
                by striking ``with disabilities'' and all that 
                follows through ``economic'' and inserting 
                ``with disabilities, including individuals with 
                the most significant disabilities, to maximize 
                opportunities for competitive integrated 
                employment and to achieve economic''; and
                  (B) at the end of subparagraph (F), by 
                striking ``and'';
          (2) in paragraph (2), by striking the period at the 
        end and inserting a semicolon; and
          (3) by adding at the end the following:
          ``(3) to increase employment opportunities and 
        employment outcomes for individuals with disabilities, 
        including through encouraging meaningful involvement by 
        employers and vocational rehabilitation service 
        providers on successful and prospective employment and 
        placement strategies; and
          ``(4) to ensure, to the greatest extent possible, 
        that youth with disabilities and students with 
        disabilities who are transitioning from receipt of 
        special education services under the Individuals with 
        Disabilities Education Act (20 U.S.C. 1400 et seq.) and 
        receiving accommodations and supports consistent with 
        section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 (29 
        U.S.C. 794) are either continuing their education or 
        employed in competitive integrated employment.''.

SEC. 403. REHABILITATION SERVICES ADMINISTRATION.

  Section 3 (29 U.S.C. 702) is amended--
          (1) in subsection (a)--
                  (A) in the first sentence, by striking 
                ``Office of the Secretary'' and inserting 
                ``Office of Special Education and 
                Rehabilitative Services'';
                  (B) in the second sentence, by striking ``IV 
                and V'' and inserting ``IV, V, VII, and VIII''; 
                and
                  (C) by striking the last 3 sentences and 
                inserting ``The functions of the Commissioner 
                shall not be delegated to any officer, unless 
                the officer is directly responsible to the 
                Assistant Secretary for Special Education and 
                Rehabilitative Services.'';
          (2) by redesignating subsection (b) as subsection 
        (c);
          (3) by inserting after subsection (a) the following:
  ``(b) The Secretary shall ensure that--
          ``(1) the Rehabilitation Services Administration 
        provides oversight of, conducts monitoring of, and 
        provides technical assistance to, the designated State 
        agencies funded under this Act; and
          ``(2) the staff providing such oversight, monitoring, 
        and technical assistance includes individuals who have 
        training in and experience with the programs 
        administered by the Rehabilitation Services 
        Administration.''; and
          (4) in subsection (c), as redesignated by paragraph 
        (2), by striking ``for the programs'' and all that 
        follows and insert ``in a manner that is consistent 
        with the purposes of the program for which the funds 
        are appropriated and of this Act, as enumerated in 
        section 2(b)''.

SEC. 404. DEFINITIONS.

  Section 7 (29 U.S.C. 705) is amended--
          (1) in paragraph (2)--
                  (A) in the matter preceding subparagraph (A), 
                by inserting after ``means'' the following: 
                ``an assessment that presumes the attainment of 
                an employment outcome for all individuals with 
                disabilities (including individuals with 
                significant disabilities and individuals with 
                the most significant disabilities), and that 
                relies on''; and
                  (B) in subparagraph (B)--
                          (i) in clause (iii), by striking 
                        ``and'' at the end;
                          (ii) in clause (iv), by striking the 
                        semicolon and inserting ``; and''; and
                          (iii) by adding at the end the 
                        following:
                          ``(v) to the maximum extent possible, 
                        relies on information obtained from 
                        experiences in integrated employment 
                        settings in the community, and other 
                        integrated community settings;'';
          (2) in paragraph (5)--
                  (A) in the matter preceding subparagraph (A), 
                by striking ``for employment, including career 
                advancement'' and inserting ``for competitive 
                integrated employment and for career 
                advancement, including'';
                  (B) by redesignating subparagraphs (O) 
                through (Q) as subparagraphs (P) through (R);
                  (C) by inserting after subparagraph (N) the 
                following:
                  ``(O) customized employment services;''; and
                  (D) in subparagraph (R), as redesignated by 
                subparagraph (B) of this paragraph, by striking 
                ``(P)'' and inserting ``(Q)'';
          (3) by redesignating paragraphs (6) as paragraph (7) 
        and inserting after paragraph (5) the following new 
        paragraph:
          ``(6) Competitive integrated employment.--
                  ``(A) In general.--The term `competitive 
                integrated employment' means work by an 
                employee who is an individual with a 
                disability--
                          ``(i) that is compensated at a rate 
                        that--
                                  ``(I) is the same rate as the 
                                rate for other employees who 
                                are not individuals with 
                                disabilities, and who are 
                                similarly situated in similar 
                                occupations by the same 
                                employer and who have similar 
                                training, experience, and 
                                skills; and
                                  ``(II) shall be in accordance 
                                with the applicable law, but in 
                                no event less than the higher 
                                of the rate specified in 
                                section 6(a)(1) of the Fair 
                                Labor Standards Act of 1938 (29 
                                U.S.C. 206(a)(1)) or the 
                                applicable State or local 
                                minimum wage law;
                          ``(ii) for which the employee 
                        receives health and employment benefits 
                        comparable to those of other employees;
                          ``(iii) that is at a location 
                        typically found in the community where 
                        the employee interacts frequently with 
                        other employees and individuals who are 
                        not individuals with disabilities to 
                        the same extent that non-disabled 
                        employees in comparable positions 
                        interact with others; and
                          ``(iv) that provides opportunities 
                        for advancement that are equivalent to 
                        those for other employees who are not 
                        individuals with disabilities and who 
                        have comparable positions.
                  ``(B) Inclusion of customized or supported 
                employment.--The term `competitive integrated 
                employment' includes integrated employment 
                resulting from the provision of customized 
                employment strategies or supported employment 
                services, provided the work involved satisfies 
                the criteria described in subparagraph (A).
                  ``(C) Inclusion of self-employment or micro-
                enterprises.--The term `competitive integrated 
                employment' includes self-employment or micro-
                enterprises, as long as the work involved 
                satisfies the criteria described in 
                subparagraph (A).'';
          (4) by redesignating paragraphs (8) through (28) as 
        paragraphs (9) through (29), respectively, and 
        inserting after paragraph (7) the following:
          ``(8) Customized employment.--The term `customized 
        employment' means an employment outcome in competitive 
        integrated employment, for an individual with a 
        significant disability, that is based on an 
        individualized determination of the strengths, needs, 
        and interests of the individual with a significant 
        disability, is designed to meet the specific abilities 
        of the individual with a significant disability and the 
        business needs of the employer, and is carried out 
        through flexible strategies, such as--
                  ``(A) job exploration by the individual; and
                  ``(B) working with an employer to facilitate 
                placement, including--
                          ``(i) customizing a job description 
                        based on current employer needs or on 
                        previously unidentified and unmet 
                        employer needs;
                          ``(ii) developing a set of job duties 
                        (including a work schedule) and 
                        specifics of supervision (including 
                        performance evaluation and review), and 
                        determining job location;
                          ``(iii) representation by a 
                        professional chosen by the individual, 
                        or self-representation by the 
                        individual, in working with an employer 
                        to facilitate placement; and
                          ``(iv) providing services and 
                        supports at the job location.'';
          (5) in paragraph (12) (as so redesignated)--
                  (A) in subparagraph (A), by striking 
                ``competitive employment in the integrated 
                labor market'' and inserting ``competitive 
                integrated employment''; and
                  (B) in subparagraph (C), by inserting 
                ``customized employment,'' after ``outcome 
                of'';
          (6) in paragraph (18) (as so redesignated)--
                  (A) by striking the ``and'' at the end of 
                subparagraph (C);
                  (B) in subparagraph (D), by striking the 
                period at the end and inserting a semicolon; 
                and
                  (C) by adding at the end the following:
                  ``(E) transition and prevention services 
                that--
                          ``(i) facilitate the transition of 
                        individuals with significant 
                        disabilities from nursing homes and 
                        other institutions to home and 
                        community-based residences, with the 
                        required supports and services;
                          ``(ii) provide assistance to 
                        individuals with significant 
                        disabilities who are at risk of 
                        entering institutions so that the 
                        individuals may remain in the 
                        community; and
                          ``(iii) facilitate the transition of 
                        youth (including students) who are 
                        individuals with significant 
                        disabilities, who were eligible for 
                        individualized education programs under 
                        section 614(d) of the Individuals with 
                        Disabilities Education Act (20 U.S.C. 
                        1414(d)), and who have completed their 
                        secondary education or otherwise left 
                        school, to postsecondary life, 
                        including employment; and
                  ``(F) services to promote full access to 
                community life.'';
          (7) in paragraph (21)(B), by striking ``and VII'' and 
        inserting ``VII, and VIII'';
          (8) by redesignating paragraphs (29) through (34) as 
        paragraphs (32) through (37), respectively;
          (9) by inserting after paragraph (29) the following:
          ``(30) Post-employment service.--The term `post-
        employment service' means a service identified under 
        section 103(a) that is--
                  ``(A) provided subsequent to the achievement 
                of an employment outcome; and
                  ``(B) necessary for an individual to maintain 
                or regain an employment outcome in competitive 
                integrated employment, consistent with the 
                individual's strengths, resources, priorities, 
                concerns, abilities, capabilities, interests, 
                and informed choice.
          ``(31) Pre-employment transition services.--
                  ``(A) In general.--The term `pre-employment 
                transition services' means a coordinated set 
                activities for an eligible student with a 
                disability, designed within an outcome-oriented 
                process, that promotes movement from school to 
                any of the following post-school activities: 
                postsecondary education, vocational training, 
                competitive integrated employment (including 
                supported employment), adult education, adult 
                services, independent living, or community 
                participation.
                  ``(B) Specific services.--The term `pre-
                employment transition services' means a set of 
                services, that is available to students with 
                disabilities, and that makes available, at a 
                minimum--
                          ``(i) career counseling;
                          ``(ii) work-based learning 
                        experience, including in-school and 
                        after school work experience, or work 
                        experience outside the traditional 
                        school setting (such as experience 
                        through job training or internships), 
                        that is provided in an integrated 
                        environment to the maximum extent 
                        possible;
                          ``(iii) counseling on opportunities 
                        for enrollment in a comprehensive 
                        transition or postsecondary educational 
                        program at an institution of higher 
                        education;
                          ``(iv) school-based preparatory 
                        employment experiences such as role 
                        playing, social skills development, and 
                        independent living training, 
                        coordinated with any transition 
                        services provided by the local 
                        educational agency under the 
                        Individuals with Disabilities Education 
                        Act (20 U.S.C. 1400 et seq.); and
                          ``(v) training in self-advocacy, 
                        individual rights, self-determination 
                        skills, and the informed consent 
                        process, as well as peer mentoring.
                  ``(C) Coordinated set of activities.--For 
                purposes of subparagraph (A), the coordinated 
                set of activities shall be based on the 
                individual student's needs, taking into account 
                the student's preferences and interests, and 
                shall include education and training, community 
                experiences, the development of employment and 
                other adult living objectives, and, when 
                appropriate, acquisition of daily living skills 
                and functional vocational evaluation.'';
          (10) by redesignating paragraphs (35) through (39) as 
        paragraphs (39) through (43), respectively, and 
        inserting after paragraph (37) (as so redesignated) the 
        following:
          ``(38) Student with a disability.--
                  ``(A) In general.--The term `student with a 
                disability' means an individual with a 
                disability who--
                          ``(i) attends a secondary school;
                          ``(ii)(I) is not younger than the 
                        earliest age for the provision of 
                        transition services under section 
                        614(d)(1)(A)(i)(VIII) of the 
                        Individuals with Disabilities Education 
                        Act (20 U.S.C. 1414(d)(1)(A)(i)(VIII)); 
                        and
                          ``(II)(aa) is not older than 21 years 
                        of age; or
                          ``(bb) if the State law for the State 
                        provides for a higher maximum age for 
                        receipt of services under the 
                        Individuals with Disabilities Education 
                        Act (20 U.S.C. 1400 et seq.), is not 
                        older than that maximum age; and
                          ``(iii)(I) is eligible for, and 
                        receiving, special education or related 
                        services under part B of the 
                        Individuals with Disabilities Education 
                        Act (20 U.S.C. 1411 et seq.); or
                          ``(II) is an individual with a 
                        disability, for purposes of section 
                        504.'';
          (11) by striking paragraphs (38) and (39), as 
        redesignated by paragraph (12), and inserting the 
        following:
          ``(38) Supported employment.--The term `supported 
        employment' means an employment outcome in competitive 
        integrated employment, including customized employment, 
        that is consistent with the strengths, resources, 
        priorities, concerns, abilities, capabilities, 
        interests, and informed choice of the individuals 
        involved, for individuals with the most significant 
        disabilities--
                  ``(A)(i) for whom competitive integrated 
                employment has not historically occurred; or
                  ``(ii) for whom competitive integrated 
                employment has been interrupted or intermittent 
                as a result of a significant disability;
                  ``(B) who, because of the nature and severity 
                of their disability--
                          ``(i) need intensive supported 
                        employment services for the period 
                        described in paragraph (39); and
                          ``(ii) need extended services 
                        described in paragraph (13) in order to 
                        continue to perform in such work beyond 
                        the period described in paragraph (39); 
                        and
                  ``(C) to the extent that on-going extended 
                services, as described in paragraph (13) of 
                this section, are needed, the designated State 
                unit will assist the individual in identifying 
                providers of those services.
          ``(39) Supported employment services.--The term 
        `supported employment services' means ongoing support 
        services, including customized employment, needed to 
        support and maintain an individual with a most 
        significant disability in an employment, outcome that--
                  ``(A) are provided singly or in combination 
                and organized and made available in such a way 
                as to assist an eligible individual to succeed 
                in competitive integrated employment;
                  ``(B) are based on a determination of the 
                needs of an eligible individual, as specified 
                in an individualized plan for employment; and
                  ``(C) are provided by the designated State 
                unit for a period of not more than 24 months, 
                except that the period may be extended, if 
                necessary, in order to achieve the employment 
                outcome identified in the individualized plan 
                for employment.''; and
          (12) by inserting after paragraph (43) (as so 
        redesignated) the following:
          ``(44) Youth with a disability.--The term `youth with 
        a disability' means an individual with a disability 
        who--
                  ``(A) is not younger than 14 years of age; 
                and
                  ``(B) is not older than 24 years of age.''.

SEC. 405. ADMINISTRATION OF THE ACT.

  Section 12(a)(1) (29 U.S.C. 709) is amended--
          (1) by striking ``(1)'' and inserting ``(1)(A)''; and
          (2) by adding at the end the following:
          ``(B) provide technical assistance to the designated 
        State units on developing successful partnerships with 
        local and multi-State businesses to increase the 
        employment of individuals with disabilities; and
          ``(C) provide technical assistance to providers and 
        organizations on developing self-employment 
        opportunities and outcomes for individuals with 
        disabilities.''.

SEC. 406. REPORTS.

  Section 13 (29 U.S.C. 710) is amended--
          (1) in section (c)--
                  (A) by striking ``(c)'' and inserting 
                ``(c)(1)''; and
                  (B) by adding at the end the following:
  ``(2) The ILA Director described in section 701A shall 
include, in the annual report, information on the extent to 
which centers for independent living receiving funds under part 
C of title VII have complied with the standards and assurances 
set forth in section 725. The ILA Director may identify 
individual centers for independent living in the analysis 
contained in that information. The ILA Director shall include 
in the report the results of onsite compliance reviews, 
identifying individual centers for independent living and other 
recipients of assistance under part C of title VII.''; and
          (2) by adding at the end the following:
  ``(d)(1)(A) The Commissioner shall ensure that the reports, 
information, and data described in subparagraph (B) are made 
publicly available in a timely and accessible manner, including 
through electronic means, in order to inform the public about 
the administration and performance of programs in each State 
under this Act.
  ``(B) The reports, information, and data referred to in 
subparagraph (A) shall consist of--
          ``(i) reports submitted by a designated State agency 
        or designated State unit under this Act;
          ``(ii) accountability information, including State 
        performance information relating to evaluation 
        standards and performance indicators, and additional 
        performance accountability indicators, under section 
        106, including information on compliance with such 
        standards, indicators, and measures, relating to 
        individuals with disabilities, submitted by a 
        designated State agency or designated State unit under 
        this Act, or submitted by a State to the Secretary of 
        Labor or the Secretary of Education under section 136 
        of the Workforce Investment Act of 1998;
          ``(iii) data collected from each designated State 
        unit under this Act; and
          ``(iv) reports from monitoring conducted under this 
        Act, including relevant reports required under section 
        136 of the Workforce Investment Act of 1998 and other 
        relevant reports, information, and data required under 
        title I of such Act.
  ``(C)(i) The Commissioner shall ensure that the information 
described in clause (ii) is made publicly available in a timely 
and accessible manner, including through electronic means.
  ``(ii) The information referred to in clause (i) is--
          ``(I) the reports, information, and data required to 
        be submitted by designated State units or designated 
        State agencies under this Act;
          ``(II) evaluations, studies, and audits conducted by 
        Federal agencies, concerning programs carried out under 
        this Act; and
          ``(III) a list that specifies the designated State 
        unit or designated State agency for each State, 
        including a link to the website maintained by each such 
        unit or agency.
  ``(2) The Commissioner shall maintain public use read-only 
access to the State and aggregated reports, and analyzed data, 
concerning programs carried out under this Act, that are filed 
and maintained in the Rehabilitation Services Administration 
management information system or a system maintained by the 
Department of Education.''.

SEC. 407. EVALUATION.

  Section 14(f)(2) (29 U.S.C. 711(f)(2)) is amended by striking 
``nonintegrated to integrated employment'' and inserting 
``nonintegrated to competitive integrated employment''.

SEC. 408. CARRYOVER.

  Section 19 (29 U.S.C. 716) is amended--
          (1) in subsection (a), by striking ``part B of title 
        I'' and all that follows through ``including'' and 
        inserting ``part B of title I (except the client 
        assistance program funded under section 112), part B of 
        title VI, or chapter 2 and 4 of title VII including''; 
        and
          (2) by adding at the end the following:
  ``(c) Client Assistance Program; Protection and Advocacy of 
Individual Rights.--
          ``(1) Appropriated amounts.--Notwithstanding any 
        other provision of law, any funds appropriated for a 
        fiscal year to carry out a grant program under section 
        112 or 509 (except as provided in section 509(b)), 
        including any funds reallotted during that fiscal year 
        under such grant program, that are not obligated and 
        expended by a recipient prior to the beginning of the 
        succeeding fiscal year, shall remain available for 
        obligation and expenditure by such recipient during 
        such succeeding fiscal year.
          ``(2) Program income.--Notwithstanding any other 
        provision of law, any amount of program income received 
        by a recipient under a grant program under section 112 
        or 509 in a fiscal year that is not obligated and 
        expended by the recipient prior to the beginning of the 
        succeeding fiscal year, shall remain available until 
        expended.''.

SEC. 409. TRADITIONALLY UNDERSERVED POPULATIONS.

  Section 21 (29 U.S.C. 718) is amended in subsection (a), by 
striking paragraphs (1) and (2) and inserting the following:
          ``(1) Racial profile.--The demographic profile of the 
        United States is changing at an unprecedented rate, 
        with the population of the Nation becoming far more 
        ethnically diverse than in the past. Within the United 
        States, while the rate of increase from 2000 to 2010 
        for White Americans was 7.9 percent, the rate of 
        increase during that period for racial and ethnic 
        minorities was much higher: 42.0 percent for Latinos, 
        11.4 percent for African-Americans, and 34.9 percent 
        for Asian-Americans.
          ``(2) Rate of disability.--Ethnic and racial 
        minorities tend to have disabling conditions at a 
        disproportionately high rate. In 2005--
                  ``(A) among Americans ages 25 through 64, the 
                rate of disability was 17.3 percent;
                  ``(B) among African-Americans in that age 
                range, the disability rate was more than twice 
                as high, at 21.3 percent; and
                  ``(C) for American Indians in the same age 
                range, the disability rate was 25.6 percent of 
                the general population.''.

             Subtitle B--Vocational Rehabilitation Services

SEC. 411. DECLARATION OF POLICY; AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

  (a) Findings; Purpose; Policy.--Section 100(a) (29 U.S.C. 
720(a)) is amended--
          (1) in paragraph (1)(C), by striking ``gainful 
        employment in integrated settings'' and inserting 
        ``gainful employment in competitive integrated 
        employment settings'';
          (2) in paragraph (2)(B), by striking ``gainful 
        employment'' and inserting ``high quality employment 
        that will increase opportunities for economic self-
        sufficiency''; and
          (3) in paragraph (3)--
                  (A) in subparagraph (B), by striking 
                ``gainful employment in integrated settings'' 
                and inserting ``competitive integrated 
                employment'';
                  (B) in subparagraph (C)(ii), by striking 
                ``for the individuals''; and
                  (C) in subparagraph (E), by inserting 
                ``should'' before ``facilitate''.
  (b) Authorization of Appropriations.--Section 100(b)(1) (29 
U.S.C. 720(b)(1)) is amended by striking ``fiscal years 1999 
through 2003'' and inserting ``fiscal years 2013 through 
2017''.

SEC. 412. STATE PLANS.

  (a) Plan Requirements.--Section 101(a) (29 U.S.C. 721(a)) is 
amended--
          (1) in paragraph (1)--
                  (A) in subparagraph (A), by striking ``to 
                participate'' and all that follows and 
                inserting ``to receive funds under this title 
                for a fiscal year, a State shall submit, and 
                have approved by the Secretary and the 
                Secretary of Labor a State plan in accordance 
                with section 112, or a State unified plan in 
                accordance with section 113. The State plan or 
                State unified plan shall include the provisions 
                of a State plan for vocational rehabilitation 
                services, described in this subsection.'';
                  (B) in subparagraph (B)--
                          (i) by striking ``in the State plan 
                        for vocational rehabilitation 
                        services,'' and inserting ``as part of 
                        the vocational rehabilitation services 
                        portion of the State plan or State 
                        unified plan submitted in accordance 
                        with subparagraph (A),''; and
                          (ii) by striking ``Rehabilitation Act 
                        Amendments of 1998'' and inserting 
                        ``Workforce Investment Act of 2012''; 
                        and
                  (C) in subparagraph (C)--
                          (i) by striking ``The State plan 
                        shall remain in effect subject to the 
                        submission of such modifications'' and 
                        inserting ``The vocational 
                        rehabilitation services portion of the 
                        State plan or State unified plan 
                        submitted in accordance with 
                        subparagraph (A) shall remain in effect 
                        until the State is required to submit 
                        the plan in accordance with 
                        subparagraph (A) or until the 
                        submission of such modifications''; and
                          (ii) by striking ``, until the State 
                        submits and receives approval of a new 
                        State plan'';
          (2) in paragraph (2)--
                  (A) in subparagraph (A), by striking ``The 
                State plan'' and inserting ``The State plan for 
                vocational rehabilitation services'';
                  (B) in subparagraph (B)(ii)--
                          (i) in subclause (III), by striking 
                        ``and'' at the end;
                          (ii) in subclause (IV), by striking 
                        the period and inserting ``; and''; and
                          (iii) by adding at the end the 
                        following:
                                  ``(V)(aa) has the authority 
                                and responsibility within the 
                                State to ensure that the funds 
                                appropriated under this title 
                                are expended only in a manner 
                                that is consistent with the 
                                purposes of this title; and
                                  ``(bb) the authority and 
                                responsibility described in 
                                subparagraph (aa) may not be 
                                delegated to or performed by 
                                another agency, including the 
                                designated State agency for the 
                                vocational rehabilitation 
                                program, and or individual.'';
          (3) in paragraph (5)--
                  (A) in subparagraph (C), by striking ``and'' 
                at the end;
                  (B) by redesignating subparagraph (D) as 
                subparagraph (E); and
                  (C) by inserting after subparagraph (C) the 
                following:
                  ``(D) notwithstanding subparagraph (C), 
                assure that the designated State unit may give 
                priority for the provision of services to those 
                eligible individuals who require specific 
                services or equipment in accordance with an 
                approved individualized plan for employment to 
                maintain an employment outcome under the 
                vocational rehabilitation program; and'';
          (4) in paragraph (6)(B), by striking ``to employ and 
        advance in employment'' and inserting ``to recruit, 
        employ, and advance in competitive integrated 
        employment'';
          (5) in paragraph (7)(A)(v)--
                  (A) by striking subclause (I) and inserting 
                the following:
                                  ``(I) a system for the 
                                continuing education of 
                                rehabilitation professionals 
                                and paraprofessionals within 
                                the designated State unit, 
                                particularly with respect to 
                                rehabilitation technology, 
                                including training implemented 
                                in coordination with entities 
                                carrying out State programs 
                                under section 4 of the 
                                Assistive Technology Act of 
                                1998 (29 U.S.C. 3003); and'';
          (6) in paragraph (8)--
                  (A) in subparagraph (A), by striking 
                ``(5)(D)'' and inserting ``(5)(E)'';
                  (B) in subparagraph (B)--
                          (i) in the matter preceding clause 
                        (i) by striking ``(5)(D)'' and 
                        inserting ``(5)(E)''; and
                          (ii) in clause (iv), by striking 
                        ``(5)(D)'' and inserting ``(5)(E)''; 
                        and
                  (C) in subparagraph (C)(i), by striking 
                ``(5)(D)'' and inserting ``(5)(E)'';
          (7) in paragraph (10)--
                  (A) in subparagraph (B), by striking 
                ``annual'' and all that follows through ``of 
                1998'' and inserting ``annual reporting of 
                information, on eligible individuals receiving 
                the services, that is necessary to assess the 
                State's performance on those primary indicators 
                of performance (described in section 
                136(b)(2)(A) of the Workforce Investment Act of 
                2012)'';
                  (B) in subparagraph (C)--
                          (i) in the matter preceding clause 
                        (i), by inserting ``, from each 
                        individual State,'' after ``additional 
                        data'';
                          (ii) in clause (i)(II), by striking 
                        ``determined'' and all that follows and 
                        inserting ``determined to be ineligible 
                        for vocational rehabilitation services, 
                        and the reason for such determination 
                        of ineligibility (disaggregated by type 
                        of disability, and age);'';
                          (iii) in clause (ii)--
                                  (I) in subclause (I), by 
                                striking ``(5)(D)'' and 
                                inserting ``(5)(E)'';
                                  (II) in subclause (II), by 
                                striking ``and'' at the end; 
                                and
                                  (III) by adding at the end 
                                the following:
                                  ``(IV) the total number of 
                                individuals with ongoing open 
                                cases (disaggregated by 
                                individuals who are in training 
                                settings, and individuals who 
                                are in postsecondary 
                                education), and the services 
                                individuals described in this 
                                subclause are receiving;
                                  ``(V) the total number of 
                                students with disabilities that 
                                are receiving pre-employment 
                                transition services, and the 
                                total cost for providing those 
                                services for each full fiscal 
                                year after the date of 
                                enactment of the Workforce 
                                Investment Act of 2012;
                                  ``(VI) the total number of 
                                students with disabilities that 
                                are receiving transition 
                                services, and the total cost 
                                for providing those services 
                                for each full fiscal year after 
                                the date of enactment of the 
                                Workforce Investment Act of 
                                2012;
                                  ``(VII) the number of 
                                individuals referred to one-
                                stop centers, as defined in 
                                section 134(c) of the Workforce 
                                Investment Act of 1998; and
                                  ``(VIII) the number of 
                                individuals referred from such 
                                one-stop centers to designated 
                                State units and the outcomes of 
                                such referrals;'';
                          (iv) by striking all of clause (iii) 
                        and inserting the following:
                          ``(iii) the number of applicants and 
                        eligible recipients, including the 
                        numbers of individuals with significant 
                        disabilities, who exited the program 
                        carried out under this title and the 
                        number who achieved employment outcomes 
                        after receiving vocational 
                        rehabilitation services, including--
                                  ``(I) the number of youth 
                                with disabilities who--
                                          ``(aa) entered 
                                        postsecondary education 
                                        and the earnings of 
                                        such youth who 
                                        completed postsecondary 
                                        education, by academic 
                                        fields;
                                          ``(bb) attained 
                                        academic levels and job 
                                        skills needed for 
                                        employment, such as a 
                                        high school diploma, 
                                        certificate, or other 
                                        educational credential 
                                        required for the 
                                        employment outcome 
                                        specified in the 
                                        individual's 
                                        individualized plan for 
                                        employment;
                                          ``(cc) entered 
                                        postsecondary training 
                                        or programs for 
                                        apprenticeships 
                                        registered under the 
                                        Act of August 16, 1937 
                                        (commonly known as the 
                                        `National 
                                        Apprenticeship Act'; 50 
                                        Stat. 664, chapter 663; 
                                        29 U.S.C. 50 et seq.); 
                                        and
                                          ``(dd) the number of 
                                        youth with disabilities 
                                        who entered employment;
                                  ``(II) for individuals who 
                                obtained an employment outcome 
                                with wages--
                                          ``(aa) the average 
                                        length of time for 
                                        obtaining employment;
                                          ``(bb) the average 
                                        earnings of individuals 
                                        who obtained an 
                                        employment outcome;
                                          ``(cc) the number who 
                                        earned the minimum wage 
                                        rate specified in 
                                        section 6(a)(1) of the 
                                        Fair Labor Standards 
                                        Act of 1938 (29 U.S.C. 
                                        206(a)(1)) or another 
                                        wage level set by the 
                                        Commissioner, during 
                                        such employment; and
                                          ``(dd) the number who 
                                        received employment 
                                        benefits from an 
                                        employer during such 
                                        employment;
                                  ``(III) a comparison, among 
                                individuals who obtained 
                                employment, of the number of 
                                individuals who no longer used 
                                public benefits; and
                                  ``(IV) for those individuals 
                                who received supported 
                                employment services--
                                          ``(aa) the number of 
                                        individuals who were 
                                        employed 6 months after 
                                        receiving such 
                                        services;
                                          ``(bb) the number of 
                                        individuals who were 
                                        employed 12 months 
                                        after receiving such 
                                        services; and
                                          ``(cc) the number of 
                                        individuals who earned 
                                        wages at not less than 
                                        the minimum wage rate 
                                        determined under 
                                        section 6(a)(1) of the 
                                        Fair Labor Standards 
                                        Act of 1938 (29 U.S.C. 
                                        206(a)(1)) during their 
                                        employment; and''; and
                          (v) by striking clause (iv) and 
                        inserting the following:
                          ``(iv)(I) the transition from school 
                        to postsecondary life, including 
                        employment, and achievement of the 
                        postsecondary vocational goals, of 
                        students with disabilities served under 
                        the program carried out under this 
                        title; and
                          ``(II) the provision of supported 
                        employment services; and'';
                  (C) in subparagraph (E)(ii), by striking ``of 
                the State'' and all that follows and inserting 
                ``of the State in meeting the standards and 
                indicators established pursuant to section 
                106.''; and
                  (D) by adding at the end the following:
                  ``(G) Rules for reporting of data.--The 
                disaggregation of data under this section shall 
                not be required within a category if the number 
                of participants in a category is insufficient 
                to yield statistically reliable information, or 
                required if the results would reveal personally 
                identifiable information about an individual 
                participant.
                  ``(H) Comprehensive report.--The State plan 
                shall specify that the Commissioner will 
                provide an annual comprehensive report that 
                includes the reports and data required under 
                this section, as well as a summary of the 
                reports and data, for each fiscal year. The 
                Commissioner shall submit the report to the 
                Committee on Education and the Workforce of the 
                House of Representatives, the Committee on 
                Appropriations of the House of Representatives, 
                the Committee on Health, Education, Labor, and 
                Pensions of the Senate, and the Committee on 
                Appropriations of the Senate, not later than 
                180 days after the end of the fiscal year 
                involved.'';
          (8) in paragraph (11)--
                  (A) in subparagraph (A)(i)(II), by inserting 
                ``(including programmatic accessibility and 
                physical accessibility)'' after ``program 
                accessibility'';
                  (B) in subparagraph (C)--
                          (i) by inserting ``the State programs 
                        carried out under section 4 of the 
                        Assistive Technology Act of 1998 (29 
                        U.S.C. 3003),'' after ``including'';
                          (ii) by inserting ``noneducational 
                        agencies serving out-of-school youth,'' 
                        after ``Agriculture''; and
                          (iii) by striking ``such agencies and 
                        programs'' and inserting ``such 
                        Federal, State, and local agencies and 
                        programs'';
                  (C) in subparagraph (D)--
                          (i) in clause (ii), by striking 
                        ``completion'' and inserting 
                        ``implementation'';
                          (ii) by redesignating clauses (iii) 
                        and (iv) as clauses (iv) and (v), 
                        respectively; and
                          (iii) by inserting after clause (ii) 
                        the following:
                          ``(iii) identifying options for 
                        additional education and training, in 
                        order to facilitate the provision of 
                        services for youth with disabilities, 
                        including transition services for 
                        students with disabilities, such as 
                        services provided under section 114;'';
                  (D) by redesignating subparagraphs (E) and 
                (F) as subparagraphs (F) and (H), respectively;
                  (E) by inserting after subparagraph (D) the 
                following:
                  ``(E) Coordination with employers.--The State 
                plan shall contain plans, policies, and 
                procedures for coordination between the 
                designated State units, State workforce 
                investment boards, local workforce investment 
                boards, and employers that provide for building 
                relationships with employers and identifying 
                community-based competitive integrated 
                employment opportunities and career exploration 
                opportunities, in order to facilitate the 
                provision of transition services for youth with 
                disabilities and students with disabilities, 
                such as services provided under section 114;'';
                  (F) in subparagraph (F), as redesignated by 
                subparagraph (E) of this paragraph--
                          (i) by inserting ``chapter 1 of'' 
                        after ``part C of''; and
                          (ii) by inserting ``, as 
                        appropriate'' before the period;
                  (G) by inserting after subparagraph (F), as 
                redesignated by subparagraph (E) of this 
                paragraph, the following:
                  ``(G) Cooperative agreement regarding 
                individuals eligible for home and community-
                based waiver programs.--The State plan shall 
                include an assurance that the designated State 
                unit has entered into a formal cooperative 
                agreement with the State agency responsible for 
                administering the State Medicaid plan under 
                title XIX of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 
                1396 et seq.) and the State designated agency 
                described in section 125(d) of the 
                Developmental Disabilities Assistance and Bill 
                of Rights Act of 2000 (42 U.S.C. 15025) with 
                respect to the delivery of vocational 
                rehabilitation services, including extended 
                services, for individuals with the most 
                significant disabilities who have been 
                determined to be eligible for home- and 
                community-based services under a Medicaid 
                waiver, Medicaid State plan amendment, or other 
                authority related to a State Medicaid program. 
                The agreement shall describe strategies for 
                collaboration and coordination in providing 
                vocational rehabilitation services to such 
                individuals receiving Medicaid home- and 
                community-based services in a manner consistent 
                with the person-centered planning process 
                required by Medicaid.'';
                  (H) in subparagraph (H), as redesignated by 
                subparagraph (E) of this paragraph--
                          (i) in clause (ii)--
                                  (I) by inserting ``on or'' 
                                before ``near''; and
                                  (II) by striking ``and'' at 
                                the end;
                          (ii) by redesignating clause (iii) as 
                        clause (iv); and
                          (iii) by inserting after clause (ii) 
                        the following:
                          ``(iii) strategies for the provision 
                        of transition planning, by personnel of 
                        the designated State unit, the State 
                        educational agency, and the recipient 
                        of funds under part C, that will 
                        facilitate the development and 
                        implementation of the individualized 
                        education programs under section 614(d) 
                        of the Individuals with Disabilities 
                        Education Act (20 U.S.C. 1414(d)) and, 
                        as appropriate, the development and 
                        completion of the individualized plans 
                        for employment under section 102, in 
                        order to enable students with 
                        disabilities to achieve employment 
                        outcomes;''; and
                  (I) by adding at the end the following:
                  ``(I) Coordination with assistive technology 
                programs.--The State plan shall include an 
                assurance that the designated State unit, and 
                the lead agency and implementing entity (if 
                any) designated by the Governor of the State 
                under section 4 of the Assistive Technology Act 
                of 1998 (29 U.S.C. 3003), have developed 
                working relationships and will enter into 
                agreements for the coordination of their 
                activities, including the referral of 
                individuals with disabilities to programs and 
                activities described in that section.
                  ``(J) Coordination with ticket to work and 
                self-sufficiency program.--The State plan shall 
                include an assurance that the designated State 
                unit will coordinate activities with any other 
                State agency that is functioning as an 
                employment network under the Ticket to Work and 
                Self-Sufficiency Program established under 
                section 1148 of the Social Security Act (42 
                U.S.C. 1320b-19).'';
          (9) in paragraph (14)--
                  (A) in the paragraph header, by striking 
                ``Annual'' and inserting ``Semiannual'';
                  (B) in subparagraph (A)--
                          (i) by striking ``annual'' and 
                        inserting ``semiannual'';
                          (ii) by striking ``(and thereafter'' 
                        and all that follows through 
                        ``representative)'' and inserting ``, 
                        and annually thereafter''; and
                          (iii) by striking ``to competitive'' 
                        and all that follows and inserting the 
                        following: ``to competitive integrated 
                        employment or training for competitive 
                        integrated employment;'';
                  (C) in subparagraph (B), by striking ``and'' 
                at the end;
                  (D) in subparagraph (C), by striking ``the 
                individuals described'' and all that follows 
                and inserting ``individuals in attaining 
                competitive integrated employment; and''; and
                  (E) by adding at the end the following:
                  ``(D) an assurance that the State will report 
                the information generated under subparagraphs 
                (A), (B), and (C), for each of the individuals, 
                to the Administrator of the Wage and Hour 
                Division of the Department of Labor for each 
                fiscal year, not later than 60 days after the 
                end of the fiscal year.'';
          (10) in paragraph (15)--
                  (A) in subparagraph (A)--
                          (i) in clause (i)--
                                  (I) in subclause (II), by 
                                striking ``and'' at the end; 
                                and
                                  (II) by adding at the end the 
                                following:
                                  ``(IV) individuals with 
                                disabilities receiving Medicaid 
                                home- and community-based 
                                waiver habilitation services 
                                (reference), including pre-
                                vocational and supported 
                                employment services; and
                                  ``(V) youth with 
                                disabilities, and students with 
                                disabilities, including their 
                                need for pre-employment 
                                transition services described 
                                in section 114 or other 
                                transition services; and''; and
                          (ii) by striking clauses (ii) and 
                        (iii) and inserting the following:
                          ``(ii) include an assessment of the 
                        needs of individuals with disabilities 
                        for transition services and pre-
                        employment transition services provided 
                        under this Act, and coordinated with 
                        transition services provided under the 
                        Individuals with Disabilities Education 
                        Act (20 U.S.C. 1400 et seq.), and an 
                        assessment as to whether the transition 
                        and pre-employment transition services 
                        provided under those Acts meet the 
                        needs of individuals with 
                        disabilities.'';
                  (B) in subparagraph (B)--
                          (i) by redesignating clause (iii) as 
                        clause (iv); and
                          (ii) by inserting after clause (ii) 
                        the following:
                          ``(iii) the number of individuals who 
                        are eligible for services under this 
                        title, but are not receiving such 
                        services due to an order of selection; 
                        and''; and
                  (C) in subparagraph (D)--
                          (i) by redesignating clauses (iii) 
                        through (v) as clauses (iv) through 
                        (vi); and
                          (ii) by inserting after clause (ii) 
                        the following:
                          ``(iii) the methods to be used to 
                        improve and expand vocational 
                        rehabilitation services for students 
                        with disabilities, including the 
                        coordination of services designed to 
                        facilitate the transition of such 
                        students from the receipt of 
                        educational services in school to 
                        postsecondary life (including the 
                        receipt of vocational rehabilitation 
                        services under this title, 
                        postsecondary education, employment, 
                        and pre-employment transition services 
                        under section 114);'';
          (11) in paragraph (20)--
                  (A) by redesignating subparagraph (B) as 
                subparagraph (C); and
                  (B) by inserting after subparagraph (A) the 
                following:
                  ``(B) Information on assistance for 
                beneficiaries of assistance under title ii or 
                xvi of the social security act.--The State plan 
                shall include an assurance that the designated 
                State unit will make available, to individuals 
                entitled to benefits under title II or XVI of 
                the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 401 et seq., 
                1381 et seq.) on the basis of a disability or 
                blindness--
                          ``(i) information on the availability 
                        of benefits and medical assistance 
                        authorized under the State Medicaid 
                        program under title XIX of the Social 
                        Security Act (42 U.S.C. 1396 et seq.) 
                        or under the Medicare program under 
                        title XVIII of the Social Security Act 
                        (42 U.S.C. 1395 et seq.), and medical 
                        assistance authorized under other 
                        federally funded programs;
                          ``(ii) information on the 
                        availability of assistance through 
                        benefits planning and assistance 
                        programs authorized under section 1149 
                        of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 
                        1320b-20) and services provided by the 
                        State protection and advocacy system 
                        and authorized under section 1150 of 
                        the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 
                        1320b-21); and
                          ``(iii) in the case of individuals 
                        who are also eligible for a ticket 
                        under the Ticket to Work and Self-
                        Sufficiency Program established under 
                        section 1148 of the Social Security Act 
                        (42 U.S.C. 1320b-19), general 
                        information regarding the options for 
                        using the ticket and information on how 
                        to contact a program manager of the 
                        Ticket to Work and Self-Sufficiency 
                        Program to obtain information on 
                        approved employment networks, on 
                        providers for the benefits planning and 
                        assistance programs described in clause 
                        (ii) in the State, and on the services 
                        provided by the State protection and 
                        advocacy system and described in clause 
                        (ii).''; and
          (12) by adding at the end the following:
          ``(25) Services for students with disabilities.--The 
        State plan shall provide an assurance satisfactory to 
        the Secretary that, with respect to students with 
        disabilities, the State--
                  ``(A) has developed and will implement--
                          ``(i) strategies to address the needs 
                        identified in the assessments described 
                        in paragraph (15); and
                          ``(ii) strategies to achieve the 
                        goals and priorities identified by the 
                        State, in accordance with paragraph 
                        (15), to improve and expand vocational 
                        rehabilitation services for students 
                        with disabilities on a statewide basis; 
                        and
                  ``(B) has developed and will implement a plan 
                to carry out the provision of pre-employment 
                transition services in accordance with section 
                114.
          ``(26) Job growth and development.--The State plan 
        shall provide an assurance describing how the State 
        will utilize initiatives involving in-demand industry 
        sectors or occupations as defined in section 101 of the 
        Workforce Investment Act of 2012 to increase 
        competitive integrated employment opportunities for 
        individuals with disabilities.''.
  (b) Approval.--Section 101(b) (29 U.S.C. 721(b)) is amended 
to read as follows:
  ``(b) Submission; Approval; Modification.--The State plan for 
vocational rehabilitation services shall be subject to--
          ``(1) section 112 of the Workforce Investment Act of 
        1998, in a case in which that plan is a portion of the 
        State plan described in that section 112; and
          ``(2) section 113 of such Act in a case in which that 
        State plan for vocational rehabilitation services is a 
        portion of the State unified plan described in that 
        section 113.''.
  (c) Construction.--Section 101 (29 U.S.C. 721) is amended by 
adding at the end the following:
  ``(c) Construction.--Nothing in this part shall be construed 
to reduce the obligation of a local educational agency or any 
other agency to provide or pay for any transition services that 
are allowable under the programs of the respective agencies.''.

SEC. 413. ELIGIBILITY AND INDIVIDUALIZED PLAN FOR EMPLOYMENT.

  (a) Eligibility.--Section 102(a) (29 U.S.C. 722(a)) is 
amended--
          (1) in paragraph (2)--
                  (A) in subparagraph (A)--
                          (i) in the subparagraph header, by 
                        striking ``Demonstration'' and 
                        inserting ``Applicants''; and
                          (ii) by striking ``, unless'' and all 
                        that follows and inserting a period; 
                        and
                  (B) in subparagraph (B)--
                          (i) in the subparagraph header, by 
                        striking ``Methods'' and inserting 
                        ``Responsibilities'';
                          (ii) in the first sentence--
                                  (I) by striking ``In making 
                                the demonstration required 
                                under subparagraph (A),'' and 
                                inserting ``Prior to 
                                determining under this 
                                subsection that an applicant 
                                described in subparagraph (A) 
                                is unable to benefit due to the 
                                severity of the individual's 
                                disability or that the 
                                individual is ineligible for 
                                vocational rehabilitation 
                                services,''; and
                                  (II) by striking ``, except 
                                under'' and all that follows 
                                and inserting a period; and
                          (iii) in the second sentence, by 
                        striking ``individual or to determine'' 
                        and all that follows and inserting 
                        ``individual. In providing the trial 
                        experiences, the designated State unit 
                        shall provide the individual with the 
                        opportunity to try different employment 
                        experiences, including supported 
                        employment, and the opportunity to 
                        become employed in competitive 
                        integrated employment.'';
          (2) in paragraph (3)(A)(ii), by striking ``outcome 
        from'' and all that follows and inserting ``outcome, 
        including supported employment, from vocational 
        rehabilitation services due to the current (as of the 
        date of the determination) severity of the disability 
        of the individual.'';
          (3) in paragraph (5)--
                  (A) in the matter preceding subparagraph 
                (A)--
                          (i) by striking ``If an individual'' 
                        and inserting ``If, after the 
                        designated State unit carries out the 
                        activities described in paragraph 
                        (2)(B), a review of existing data, and, 
                        to the extent necessary, the assessment 
                        activities described in section 
                        7(2)(A)(ii), an individual''; and
                          (ii) by striking ``is determined'' 
                        and all that follows through ``not to 
                        be'' and inserting ``is determined not 
                        to be'';
                  (B) by redesignating subparagraphs (A) 
                through (D) as subparagraphs (B) through (E), 
                respectively;
                  (C) by inserting before subparagraph (B) the 
                following:
                  ``(A) the ineligibility determination shall 
                be an individualized one, based on the 
                available data, and shall not be based on 
                disability category;''; and
                  (D) in clause (i) of subparagraph (C), as 
                redesignated by subparagraph (B) of this 
                paragraph, by inserting after ``determination'' 
                the following: ``, including clear and 
                convincing evidence that forms the basis for 
                the determination of ineligibility''; and
          (4) in paragraph (6), by striking ``60 days'' each 
        place it appears and inserting ``45 days''.
  (b) Development of an Individualized Plan for Employment, and 
Related Information.--Section 102(b) (29 U.S.C. 722(b))--
          (1) in paragraph (1)--
                  (A) by redesignating subparagraphs (B), (C), 
                and (D) as subparagraphs (C), and (D), and (E), 
                respectively; and
                  (B) by inserting after subparagraph (A) the 
                following:
                  ``(B) information on the availability of 
                assistance from consumer organizations, as 
                defined in section 106(a)(4) (including a 
                listing of such organizations) that can assist 
                an individual in the development of an 
                individualized plan for employment;'';
          (2) in paragraph (3), as redesignated by paragraph 
        (2) of this subsection--
                  (A) in subparagraph (E)--
                          (i) in clause (i), by striking 
                        ``and'' at the end;
                          (ii) in clause (ii), by striking the 
                        period and inserting ``; and''; and
                          (iii) by adding at the end the 
                        following:
                          ``(iii) amended, as necessary, to 
                        include the post-employment services 
                        and service providers that are 
                        necessary for the individual to 
                        maintain or regain employment, 
                        consistent with the individual's 
                        strengths, resources, priorities, 
                        concerns, abilities, capabilities, 
                        interests, and informed choice.''; and
                  (B) by adding at the end the following:
                  ``(F) Timeframe for completing the 
                individualized plan for employment.--The 
                individualized plan for employment shall be 
                developed as soon as possible, but not later 
                than a deadline of 90 days after the date of 
                the determination of eligibility described in 
                paragraph (1), unless the designated State unit 
                and the eligible individual agree to an 
                extension of that deadline to a specific date 
                by which the individualized plan for employment 
                shall be completed.
                  ``(G) Failure to develop the individualized 
                plan for employment within the specified 
                timeframe.--In the event the individualized 
                plan for employment is not completed by the 
                deadline or extended deadline, as appropriate, 
                under subparagraph (F), the eligible individual 
                shall have the right to request both mediation 
                and an impartial due process hearing according 
                to the procedures described in subsection (c). 
                At such hearing, the hearing officer shall have 
                the authority to order the designated State 
                unit to complete the individualized plan for 
                employment within a specific period of time, 
                not to exceed 60 days from the date of the 
                decision, in addition to any other authority 
                given to the officer under this section.''; and
          (3) in paragraph (3)--
                  (A) in subparagraph (A), by striking ``choice 
                of the'' and all that follows and inserting 
                ``choice of the eligible individual, consistent 
                with the employment outcome of competitive 
                integrated employment (except that in the case 
                of an eligible individual who is a student, the 
                description may be a description of the 
                student's projected employment outcome);'';
                  (B) in subparagraph (B)(i)--
                          (i) by redesignating subclause (II) 
                        as subclause (III); and
                          (ii) by striking subclause (I) and 
                        inserting the following:
                          ``(I) needed to achieve the 
                        employment outcome, including, as 
                        appropriate--
                                  ``(aa) the provision of 
                                assistive technology devices 
                                and assistive technology 
                                services (including referrals 
                                described in section 103(a)(3) 
                                to the device reutilization 
                                programs and demonstrations 
                                described in subparagraphs (B) 
                                and (D) of section 4(e)(2) of 
                                the Assistive Technology Act of 
                                1998 (29 U.S.C. 3003(e)(2))) 
                                through agreements developed 
                                under section 101(a)(11)(H); 
                                and
                                  ``(bb) personal assistance 
                                services (including training in 
                                the management of such 
                                services);
                          ``(II) in the case of a plan for an 
                        eligible individual that is a student, 
                        the specific transition services and 
                        supports (including work experience, 
                        mentoring activities, and supported 
                        employment) needed to achieve the 
                        student's employment outcome or 
                        projected employment outcome; and'';
                  (C) in subparagraph (F), by striking ``and'' 
                at the end;
                  (D) in subparagraph (G), by striking the 
                period and inserting ``; and''; and
                  (E) by adding at the end the following:
                  ``(H) for an individual who also is receiving 
                assistance from an employment network under the 
                Ticket to Work and Self-Sufficiency Program 
                established under section 1148 of the Social 
                Security Act (42 U.S.C. 1320b-19), a list of 
                the services that are listed in the individual 
                work plan that the individual developed with 
                the employment network under subsection (g) of 
                that section, and a description of how 
                responsibility for service delivery will be 
                divided between the employment network and the 
                designated State unit in accordance with the 
                agreement between the two parties required 
                under the Ticket to Work and Self-Sufficiency 
                Program.''.
  (c) Procedures.--Section 102(c) (29 U.S.C. 722(c)) is 
amended--
          (1) in paragraph (1), by adding at the end the 
        following: ``These procedures also shall allow for the 
        review of any delay in the vocational rehabilitation 
        process.'';
          (2) in paragraph (2)--
                  (A) in subparagraph (A)--
                          (i) in clause (ii), by striking 
                        ``and'' at the end;
                          (ii) in clause (iii), by striking the 
                        period and inserting ``; and''; and
                          (iii) by adding at the end the 
                        following:
                          ``(iv) any applicable State limit on 
                        the time by which a request for 
                        mediation under paragraph (4) or a 
                        hearing under paragraph (5) shall be 
                        made, and any required procedure by 
                        which the request shall be made.''; and
                  (B) in subparagraph (B)(iii), by inserting 
                ``the denial,'' before ``reduction,''; and
          (3) in paragraph (5)--
                  (A) by striking subparagraph (A) and 
                inserting the following:
                  ``(A) Officer.--A due process hearing 
                described in paragraph (2) shall be conducted 
                by an impartial hearing officer who, on 
                reviewing all the evidence presented, shall 
                issue a written decision based on the 
                provisions of the approved State plan, 
                requirements specified in this Act (including 
                regulations implementing this Act), and State 
                regulations and policies that are consistent 
                with the Federal requirements specified in this 
                title. The officer shall provide the written 
                decision to the applicant or eligible 
                individual, or, as appropriate, the applicant's 
                representative or individual's representative, 
                and to the designated State unit. The impartial 
                hearing officer shall have the authority to 
                render a decision and require actions, 
                consistent with the requirements specified in 
                this title (including regulations implementing 
                this title), regarding all aspects of the 
                applicant's or eligible individual's vocational 
                rehabilitation services under this title.''; 
                and
                  (B) in subparagraph (B), by striking ``in 
                laws (including regulations)'' and inserting 
                ``about Federal and State laws (including 
                regulations) and the approved State plan''.

SEC. 414. VOCATIONAL REHABILITATION SERVICES.

  Section 103 (29 U.S.C. 723) is amended--
          (1) in subsection (a)--
                  (A) by striking paragraph (15) and inserting 
                the following:
          ``(15) transition services for students with 
        disabilities, that facilitate the transition from 
        school to postsecondary life, such as achievement of an 
        employment outcome in competitive integrated 
        employment, or pre-employment transition services 
        described in section 114;'';
                  (B) by redesignating paragraphs (17) and (18) 
                as paragraphs (18) and (19), respectively;
                  (C) by inserting after paragraph (16) the 
                following:
          ``(17) customized employment services;'';
                  (D) in paragraph (18), as redesignated by 
                subparagraph (C) of this paragraph, by striking 
                the ``and'' at the end;
                  (E) in paragraph (19), as redesignated by 
                subparagraph (C) of this paragraph, by striking 
                the period and inserting ``; and''; and
                  (F) by adding at the end the following:
          ``(20) mentoring services.''; and
          (2) in subsection (b)--
                  (A) in paragraph (2)(A), by striking the 
                second sentence and inserting ``Such programs 
                shall be used to provide services that promote 
                integration into the community and that result 
                in competitive integrated employment, including 
                supported employment and customized 
                employment.''; and
                  (B) by striking paragraph (6) and inserting 
                the following:
          ``(6) Consultation and technical assistance services 
        to assist State educational agencies and local 
        educational agencies in planning for the transition of 
        students with disabilities from school to postsecondary 
        life, including employment.''.

SEC. 415. STATE REHABILITATION COUNCIL.

  Section 105 (29 U.S.C. 725) is amended--
          (1) in subsection (b)(1)--
                  (A) in subparagraph (A)--
                          (i) by striking clause (ix) and 
                        inserting the following:
                          ``(ix) in a State in which one or 
                        more projects are funded under section 
                        121 and in which such services are 
                        provided through those projects, at 
                        least one representative of the 
                        directors of the projects located in 
                        such State;'';
                          (ii) in clause (x), by striking 
                        ``and'' at the end;
                          (iii) in clause (xi), by striking the 
                        period and inserting ``; and''; and
                          (iv) by adding at the end the 
                        following:
                          ``(xii) the director of the State's 
                        comprehensive statewide program of 
                        technology-related assistance funded 
                        under section 4 of the Assistive 
                        Technology Act of 1998 (29 U.S.C. 
                        3003).''; and
                  (B) in subparagraph (B)--
                          (i) in clause (xi), by striking 
                        ``and'' at the end;
                          (ii) in clause (xii), by striking the 
                        period and inserting ``; and''; and
                          (iii) by adding at the end the 
                        following:
                          ``(xiii) the director of the State's 
                        comprehensive statewide program of 
                        technology-related assistance funded 
                        under section 4 of the Assistive 
                        Technology Act of 1998 (29 U.S.C. 
                        3003).''; and
          (2) in subsection (c)(6), by striking ``Service Act'' 
        and all that follows and inserting ``Service Act (42 
        U.S.C. 300x-3(a)) and the State workforce investment 
        board, and with the activities of entities carrying out 
        programs under the Assistive Technology Act of 1998 (29 
        U.S.C. 3001 et seq.);''.

SEC. 416. PERFORMANCE ACCOUNTABILITY MEASURES.

  Section 106 (29 U.S.C. 726) is amended--
          (1) by striking subsection (a) and inserting the 
        following:
  ``(a) In General.--
          ``(1) Standards and indicators.--The evaluation 
        standards and performance indicators for the vocational 
        rehabilitation program carried out under this title 
        shall be subject to the performance accountability 
        provisions described in section 136(b) of the Workforce 
        Investment Act of 2012.
          ``(2) Additional performance accountability 
        indicators.--
                  ``(A) In general.--Subject to subparagraph 
                (B), the Commissioner may establish through 
                regulation additional performance 
                accountability indicators, which may include 
                outcome and related measures of program 
                performance.
                  ``(B) Comment.--Such additional performance 
                accountability indicators shall be developed 
                with input from State vocational rehabilitation 
                agencies, related professional and consumer 
                organizations, recipients of vocational 
                rehabilitation services, and other interested 
                parties.
          ``(3) Reports.--Each State that receives funds under 
        this title shall submit a report to the Commissioner 
        containing information on any additional performance 
        accountability indicators established under paragraph 
        (2).
          ``(4) Consumer organization.--In this subsection, the 
        term `consumer organization' means a membership 
        organization, or disability advocacy group, for which a 
        majority of the members of the board of directors of 
        the organization or group are individuals with 
        disabilities or family members of individuals with 
        disabilities.''; and
          (2) in subsection (b)(2)(B), by striking clause (i) 
        and inserting the following:
                          ``(i) on a biannual basis, review the 
                        program improvement efforts of the 
                        State and, if the State has not 
                        improved its performance to acceptable 
                        levels, as determined by the 
                        Commissioner, direct the State to make 
                        revisions to the plan to improve 
                        performance; and''.

SEC. 417. MONITORING AND REVIEW.

  (a) In General.--Section 107(a) (29 U.S.C. 727(a)) is 
amended--
          (1) in paragraph (3)(E), by inserting before the 
        period the following: ``, including personnel of a 
        client assistance program under section 112, and past 
        or current recipients of vocational rehabilitation 
        services''; and
          (2) in paragraph (4)--
                  (A) by striking subparagraphs (A) and (B) and 
                inserting the following:
                  ``(A)(i) the eligibility process to ensure 
                compliance with the requirements set forth in 
                section 102(a); and
                  ``(ii) implementation of an order of 
                selection, if applicable, to ensure compliance 
                with the requirements set forth in section 
                101(a)(5); and
                  ``(B) the provision of services to ensure 
                compliance with section 103;'';
                  (B) in subparagraph (C), by striking ``and'' 
                at the end;
                  (C) by redesignating subparagraph (D) as 
                subparagraph (E); and
                  (D) by inserting after subparagraph (C) the 
                following:
                  ``(D) data on individuals determined to be 
                ineligible for services due to severity of 
                their disability, to determine if systematic 
                changes could result in increased capacity to 
                meet the needs of such individuals; and''.
  (b) Review.--Section 107(d) of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 
(29 U.S.C. 727(d)) is amended, in paragraphs (1) and (2), by 
striking ``a final determination of the Commissioner under 
section 101(b) or subsection (c)'' and inserting ``a final 
determination on a State plan for vocational rehabilitation 
services under the procedures referenced in section 101(b), or 
a final determination by the Commissioner under subsection 
(c)''.

SEC. 418. TRAINING AND SERVICES FOR EMPLOYERS.

  Section 109 (29 U.S.C. 728a) is amended to read as follows:

``SEC. 109. TRAINING AND SERVICES FOR EMPLOYERS.

  ``A State may expend payments received under section 111 to 
educate and provide services to employers who have hired or are 
interested in hiring individuals with disabilities under 
programs carried out under this title, including--
          ``(1) providing training and technical assistance to 
        employers regarding the employment of individuals with 
        disabilities, including disability awareness, and the 
        requirements of the Americans with Disabilities Act of 
        1990 (42 U.S.C. 12101 et seq.) and other employment-
        related laws;
          ``(2) working with employers to--
                  ``(A) provide opportunities for work-based 
                learning experience (including internships, 
                short-term employment, apprenticeships, and 
                fellowships), such as opportunities in 
                conjunction with pre-employment transition 
                services;
                  ``(B) recruit qualified applicants with 
                disabilities;
                  ``(C) train employees with disabilities; and
                  ``(D) promote retention of employees who are 
                at risk of losing a job due to disability-
                related barriers;
          ``(3) providing consultations, technical assistance, 
        and support to employers on workplace accommodations, 
        assistive technology, and facilities and workplace 
        access;
          ``(4) assisting employers with utilizing available 
        financial support, including tax credits and deductions 
        available for hiring or accommodating individuals with 
        disabilities; and
          ``(5) supporting the development of working 
        relationships between State vocational rehabilitation 
        agencies, the workforce investment system, their 
        community partners, and employers on multi-State and 
        national levels, including--
                  ``(A) encouraging employers to recruit 
                qualified individuals with disabilities for 
                available employment opportunities;
                  ``(B) facilitating such recruitment by 
                disseminating information about specific 
                available employment opportunities to qualified 
                individuals who are recipients of vocational 
                rehabilitation services under this subtitle, or 
                who are applicants for such services;
                  ``(C) matching qualified individuals who are 
                recipients of vocational rehabilitation 
                services under this subtitle, or who are 
                applicants for such services, with employers 
                that have available employment opportunities on 
                the local, regional, or national level; and
                  ``(D) providing support services, as 
                appropriate, to employers to facilitate the 
                hiring of qualified individuals who are 
                recipients of vocational rehabilitation 
                services under this subtitle, or who are 
                applicants for such services.''.

SEC. 419. STATE ALLOTMENTS.

  (a) In General.--Section 110 (29 U.S.C. 730) is amended--
          (1) in subsection (a)(1), by striking ``Subject to 
        the provisions of subsection (c)'' and inserting 
        ``Subject to the provisions of subsections (c), (d), 
        and (e), and section 303(d)''; and
          (2) by striking subsections (b) and (c) and inserting 
        the following:
  ``(b)(1) Not later than 45 days prior to the end of the 
fiscal year, the Commissioner shall determine, after reasonable 
opportunity for the submission to the Commissioner of comments 
by the State agency administering or supervising the program 
established under this title, whether any amount from the 
payment of an allotment to a State under section 111(a) for any 
fiscal year will not be utilized by such State in carrying out 
the purposes of this title.
  ``(2)(A) As soon as practicable but not later than the end of 
the fiscal year, the Commissioner shall reallot the amount 
available under paragraph (1) to other States, consistent with 
subparagraphs (B) and (C), for carrying out the purposes of 
this title to the extent the Commissioner determines that 
another State will be able to use an additional amount, during 
that fiscal year or the subsequent fiscal year for carrying out 
such purposes.
  ``(B)(i) The Commissioner shall reallot a portion of the 
amount available under paragraph (1) for a fiscal year to each 
State whose allotment under subsection (a) for such fiscal year 
is less than such State's allotment under subsection (a) for 
the immediately preceding fiscal year, adjusted by the 
percentage change in the funds available for subsection (a) 
from the immediately preceding fiscal year.
  ``(ii)(I) Subject to subclause (II), a State that is eligible 
to receive a reallotment under clause (i) shall receive a 
portion for a fiscal year from the amount available for 
reallotment under paragraph (1) that is equal to the difference 
between--
          ``(aa) the amount such State was allotted under 
        subsection (a) for such fiscal year; and
          ``(bb) the amount such State was allotted under 
        subsection (a) for the immediately preceding fiscal 
        year, adjusted by the percentage change in the funds 
        available for subsection (a) from the immediately 
        preceding fiscal year.
  ``(II) If the amount available for reallotment under 
paragraph (1) is insufficient to provide each State eligible to 
receive a reallotment under clause (i) with the portion 
described in subclause (I), the amount reallotted to each 
eligible State shall be determined by the Commissioner.
  ``(C) If there are funds remaining after each State eligible 
to receive a reallotment under subparagraph (B)(i) receives the 
portion described in subparagraph (B)(ii), the Commissioner 
shall reallot the remaining funds among the States requesting a 
reallotment.
  ``(3) The Commissioner shall reallot an amount to a State 
under this subsection only if the State will be able to make 
sufficient payments from non-Federal sources to pay for the 
non-Federal share of the cost of vocational rehabilitation 
services under the State plan for the fiscal year for which the 
amount was appropriated.
  ``(4) For the purposes of this part, any portion made 
available to a State for any fiscal year pursuant to this 
subsection shall be regarded as an increase of such State's 
allotment (as determined under the preceding provisions of this 
section) for such year.
  ``(c)(1) For fiscal year 2012 and for each fiscal year 
thereafter, the Commissioner shall reserve, from the funds 
appropriated under section 100(b)(1) for each fiscal year, an 
amount that is not less than 1.23 percent and not more than 1.5 
percent of those funds in order to carry out section 121, 
provided that the minimum percentage that may be reserved shall 
increase by 0.01 percent for each succeeding fiscal year after 
fiscal year 2012.
  ``(2) Notwithstanding paragraph (1), there shall be no 
increase in the minimum percentage of funds reserved under 
paragraph (1) unless there is an equivalent increase in the 
funds appropriated under section 100(b)(1).''.
  (b) Reservation for Transition and Pre-Employment Transition 
Services.--Section 110 (29 U.S.C. 730) is amended by adding at 
the end the following:
  ``(d) From any State allotment under subsection (a) for a 
fiscal year, the State shall reserve not less than 10 percent 
of the allotted funds for the provision of transition services 
to assist students with disabilities and youth with 
disabilities in transitioning from education or training to 
employment, which includes pre-employment transition services 
under section 114.''.

SEC. 420. CLIENT ASSISTANCE PROGRAM.

  Section 112 (29 U.S.C. 732) is amended--
          (1) in subsection (a), in the first sentence--
                  (A) by striking ``grants to States'' and 
                inserting ``grants to agencies designated under 
                subsection (c) (referred to individually in 
                this section as a `designated CAP agency')'';
                  (B) by inserting ``including under sections 
                114,'' after ``all available benefits under 
                this Act,''; and
                  (C) by inserting ``and eligibility'' after 
                ``to ensure the protection of the rights'';
          (2) in subsection (b), by striking the matter 
        preceding paragraph (1) and inserting ``Neither an 
        agency within the State, nor the State, may receive 
        payments from an allotment under subsection (e) in any 
        fiscal year unless the State has designated under 
        subsection (c) an agency that--'';
          (3) in subsection (c)--
                  (A) in paragraph (2), by inserting ``(as 
                defined in section 106(a))'' after ``consumer 
                organizations''; and
                  (B) in paragraph (3), by striking ``agency 
                designated under this subsection'' and 
                inserting ``designated CAP agency'';
          (4) in subsection (d), by striking ``agency 
        designated under subsection (c) of this section'' and 
        inserting ``designated CAP agency'';
          (5) in subsection (e)--
                  (A) in paragraph (1)--
                          (i) by striking subparagraph (A) and 
                        inserting the following:
  ``(A) After reserving funds under subparagraphs (E) and (F), 
the Secretary shall allot the remainder of the sums 
appropriated for each fiscal year under this section among the 
designated CAP agencies within the States on the basis of 
relative population of each State, except that no such agency 
shall receive less than $50,000.'';
                          (ii) in subparagraph (B), by 
                        inserting ``the designated CAP agencies 
                        located in'' before ``American Samoa''; 
                        and
                          (iii) by striking subparagraph (D) 
                        and inserting the following:
  ``(D)(i) For any fiscal year for which the funds appropriated 
for such fiscal year under subsection (h) exceed $7,500,000, 
the minimum allotment under this subsection shall be $100,000 
for the designated CAP agencies located in States and $45,000 
for the designated CAP agencies located in territories.
  ``(ii) For any fiscal year for which the total amount 
appropriated under subsection (h) exceeds the total amount 
appropriated under such subsection (or the corresponding 
provision) for the preceding fiscal year, the Secretary shall 
increase each of the minimum allotments under clause (i) by a 
percentage that shall not exceed the percentage increase, 
calculated by dividing such total amount for the fiscal year 
involved by such total amount for the preceding fiscal year.
  ``(E)(i) For any fiscal year for which the amount 
appropriated under subsection (h) equals or exceeds 
$13,000,000, the Secretary shall reserve funds appropriated 
under subsection (h) to make a grant to the protection and 
advocacy system serving the American Indian Consortium, to 
provide designated CAP agency services in accordance with the 
requirements of this section. The amount of such a grant shall 
be the same amount as is provided to a territory under 
subparagraph (B), as increased under clauses (i) and, if 
applicable, (ii) of subparagraph (D).
  ``(ii) In this subparagraph:
          ``(I) The term `American Indian Consortium' has the 
        meaning given the term in section 102 of the 
        Developmental Disabilities Assistance and Bill of 
        Rights Act of 2000 (42 U.S.C. 15002).
          ``(II) The term `protection and advocacy system' 
        means a protection and advocacy system established 
        under subtitle C of title I of the Developmental 
        Disabilities Assistance and Bill of Rights Act of 2000 
        (42 U.S.C. 15041 et seq.).
  ``(F) For any fiscal year for which the amount appropriated 
under subsection (h) equals or exceeds $14,000,000, the 
Secretary shall reserve not less than 1.8 percent and not more 
than 2.2 percent of such amount to provide a grant for training 
and technical assistance for the programs established under 
this section. Such training and technical assistance shall be 
coordinated with activities provided under section 
509(c)(1)(A).'';
                  (B) in paragraph (2)--
                          (i) except as provided in clause 
                        (ii), by striking ``State'' each place 
                        it appears and inserting ``designated 
                        CAP agency''; and
                          (ii) by striking ``States'' each 
                        place it appears and inserting 
                        ``designated CAP agencies''; and
                  (C) in paragraph (3), by striking ``agency 
                designated'' and all that follows and inserting 
                ``designated CAP agency the amount specified in 
                the application approved under subsection 
                (f).'';
          (6) in subsection (f), by striking ``State'' and 
        inserting ``designated CAP agency'';
          (7) in paragraph (1) of subsection (g), by striking 
        ``such programs'' and inserting ``the designated CAP 
        agency of a State''; and
          (8) in subsection (h), by striking ``1999 through 
        2003'' and inserting ``2013 through 2017''.

SEC. 421. TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE FOR QUALITY SERVICES.

  Part B of title I (29 U.S.C. 730 et seq.), is amended by 
adding at the end the following:

``SEC. 113. ADDITIONAL TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE.

  ``The Commissioner shall provide technical assistance for 
programs provided under this title regarding improving the 
quality of vocational rehabilitation services provided through 
the programs, including--
          ``(1) consulting with the Department of Labor, the 
        Small Business Administration, other appropriate 
        Federal agencies, State and local workforce investment 
        boards, and businesses or business-led intermediaries;
          ``(2) based on information obtained through the 
        consultations, providing--
                  ``(A) technical assistance that improves 
                quality by enabling designated State units to 
                develop successful partnerships with local and 
                multi-State businesses in an effort to employ 
                individuals with disabilities; and
                  ``(B) technical assistance on developing 
                self-employment opportunities and improving 
                employment outcomes for individuals with 
                disabilities; and
          ``(3) providing technical assistance to improve the 
        quality of vocation rehabilitation services programs 
        carried out under section 121.''.

SEC. 422. PRE-EMPLOYMENT TRANSITION SERVICES.

  Part B of title I (29 U.S.C. 730 et seq.), as amended by 
section 521, is further amended by adding at the end the 
following:

``SEC. 114. PROVISION OF PRE-EMPLOYMENT TRANSITION SERVICES FOR 
                    STUDENTS WITH DISABILITIES.

  ``(a) In General.--From the funds reserved under section 
110(d), and funds made available from State, local, and private 
funding sources (consistent with requirements that apply to the 
acceptance and use of such funds), each State shall ensure 
that--
          ``(1) the designated State unit shall provide, or 
        arrange for the provision of, pre-employment transition 
        services for all students with disabilities who are in 
        need of such services; and
          ``(2) the designated State unit will not expend more 
        than 5 percent of the funds reserved to carry out this 
        section to pay for the administrative costs associated 
        with providing pre-employment transition services under 
        this section.
  ``(b) Local Pre-Employment Transition Coordinator.--
          ``(1) Coordinator.--Each local office of a designated 
        State unit shall designate at least 1 staff person to 
        carry out the responsibilities of a Local Pre-
        Employment Transition Coordinator for students with 
        disabilities, as well as appropriate staff to support 
        the Coordinator in carrying out the responsibilities as 
        described in paragraph (2).
          ``(2) Responsibilities.--It shall be the 
        responsibility of a Local Pre-Employment Transition 
        Coordinator to--
                  ``(A) attend individualized education program 
                meetings, as appropriate, for students with 
                disabilities;
                  ``(B) work with the local workforce 
                investment boards, one-stop centers, and 
                employers to develop job opportunities for 
                students with disabilities, including 
                internships, summer employment opportunities 
                and other employment opportunities available 
                throughout the school year, and 
                apprenticeships; and
                  ``(C) work with schools, including those 
                carrying out activities under section 
                614(d)(1)(A)(i)(VIII) of the Individuals with 
                Disabilities Education Act (20 U.S.C. 
                1414(d)(1)(A)(i)(VIII)), to coordinate and 
                ensure the provision of pre-employment 
                transition services for students with 
                disabilities, including services described in 
                clauses (i) through (v) of section 7(30)(B).
  ``(c) National Pre-Employment Transition Coordination.--
          ``(1) In general.--The Secretary of Education and the 
        Secretary of Labor shall each designate a lead staff 
        person to fulfill the responsibilities of a National 
        Pre-Employment Transition Coordinator for Students with 
        Disabilities. The National Pre-Employment Transition 
        Coordinators shall work cooperatively, and with other 
        Federal agencies including the Corporation for National 
        and Community Service, to develop and coordinate--
                  ``(A) agency policies related to pre-
                employment transition services; and
                  ``(B) resources to increase job opportunities 
                for students with disabilities, including 
                internships, summer employment opportunities 
                and other employment opportunities available 
                throughout the school year, and 
                apprenticeships.
          ``(2) Construction.--Nothing in this subsection shall 
        be construed to prohibit either Secretary from 
        assigning additional responsibilities, other than the 
        responsibilities described in this subsection, to a 
        staff person designated under this subsection.''.

SEC. 423. AMERICAN INDIAN VOCATIONAL REHABILITATION SERVICES.

  Section 121 (29 U.S.C. 741) is amended--
          (1) in subsection (a), in the first sentence, by 
        inserting before the period the following: ``(referred 
        to in this section as `eligible individuals'), 
        consistent with such eligible individuals' strengths, 
        resources, priorities, concerns, abilities, 
        capabilities, interests, and informed choice, so that 
        such individuals may prepare for, and engage in, high 
        quality employment that will increase opportunities for 
        economic self-sufficiency'';
          (2) in subsection (b)--
                  (A) in paragraph (1)--
                          (i) in subparagraph (B), by striking 
                        ``and'' at the end;
                          (ii) in subparagraph (C), by striking 
                        the period and inserting ``; and''; and
                          (iii) by adding at the end the 
                        following:
                  ``(D) contains assurances that--
                          ``(i) all decisions affecting 
                        eligibility for vocational 
                        rehabilitation services, the nature and 
                        scope of available vocational 
                        rehabilitation services, and the 
                        provision of such services, will be 
                        made by a representative of the tribal 
                        vocational rehabilitation program 
                        funded through the grant; and
                          ``(ii) such decisions will not be 
                        delegated to another agency or 
                        individual.''; and
                  (B) by striking paragraphs (3) and (4) and 
                inserting the following:
  ``(3) If an application is approved under this part for a 
grant, the resulting grant shall be for 5 years, if the grant 
recipient complies with the program requirements for the 
program carried out under this part (including the regulations 
promulgated for the program). The grant shall be renewed for 
additional 5-year periods if the Commissioner determines that 
the grant recipient demonstrated acceptable past performance 
and the grant recipient submits, and obtains approval by the 
Commissioner, for a plan, including a proposed budget, that 
identifies future performance criteria, goals, and objectives. 
The State shall continue to provide vocational rehabilitation 
services under the State plan to American Indians residing on 
or near a reservation whenever such State includes any such 
American Indians in its State population under section 
110(a)(1).
  ``(4) In allocating funds for grants under this part, the 
Secretary shall give priority to paying the continuation costs 
of projects in existence on the date of the allocation and may 
provide for increases in funding for such projects that the 
Secretary determines to be necessary.'';
          (3) by redesignating subsection (c) as subsection 
        (d); and
          (4) by inserting after subsection (b) the following:
  ``(c)(1) From the funds appropriated and made available to 
carry out this part for any fiscal year, beginning with fiscal 
year 2012, the Commissioner shall first reserve not less than 
1.8 percent and not more than 2 percent of the funds to provide 
training and technical assistance to governing bodies described 
in subsection (a) for such fiscal year.
  ``(2) From the funds reserved under paragraph (1), the 
Commissioner shall make grants to, and enter into contracts and 
other arrangements with, entities that have experience in the 
operation of vocational rehabilitation services programs under 
this section to provide such training and technical assistance 
with respect to developing, conducting, administering, and 
evaluating such programs.
  ``(3) The Commissioner shall conduct a survey of the 
governing bodies regarding training and technical assistance 
needs in order to determine funding priorities for such grants, 
contracts, or other arrangements.
  ``(4) To be eligible to receive a grant or enter into a 
contract or other arrangement under this section, such an 
entity shall submit an application to the Commissioner at such 
time, in such manner, and containing a proposal to provide such 
training and technical assistance, and containing such 
additional information as the Commissioner may require. The 
Commissioner shall provide for peer review of grant 
applications by panels that include persons who are not 
government employees and who have experience in the operation 
of vocational rehabilitation services programs under this 
section.''.

                   Subtitle C--Research and Training

SEC. 431. PURPOSE.

  Section 200 (29 U.S.C. 760) is amended--
          (1) in paragraph (1), by inserting ``technical 
        assistance,'' after ``training,'';
          (2) in paragraph (2), by inserting ``technical 
        assistance,'' after ``training,'';
          (3) in paragraph (3)--
                  (A) in the matter preceding subparagraph 
                (A)--
                          (i) by inserting ``, use, and 
                        adoption'' after ``transfer''; and
                          (ii) by inserting ``in a timely and 
                        efficient manner,'' after 
                        ``disabilities''; and
                  (B) in subparagraph (D), by inserting ``and 
                dissemination of research findings to 
                individuals with disabilities and other 
                interested entities'' after ``technology'';
          (4) in paragraph (5), by striking ``and'' after the 
        semicolon;
          (5) in paragraph (6), by striking the period and 
        inserting ``; and''; and
          (6) by adding at the end the following:
          ``(7) identify effective strategies for supporting 
        the employment of individuals with disabilities in 
        competitive integrated employment.''.

SEC. 432. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

  Section 201(a) (29 U.S.C. 761(a)) is amended--
          (1) in paragraph (1), by striking ``1999 through 
        2003'' and inserting ``2013 through 2017''; and
          (2) in paragraph (2), by striking ``1999 through 
        2003'' and inserting ``2013 through 2017''.

SEC. 433. NATIONAL INSTITUTE ON DISABILITY AND REHABILITATION RESEARCH.

  Section 202 (29 U.S.C. 762) is amended--
          (1) in subsection (a)(1)(A)--
                  (A) in clause (ii), by striking ``and 
                training; and'' and inserting ``, training, and 
                technical assistance;'';
                  (B) by redesignating clause (iii) as clause 
                (iv); and
                  (C) by inserting after clause (ii) the 
                following:
                          ``(iii) knowledge translation and 
                        dissemination; and'';
          (2) in subsection (b)--
                  (A) in paragraph (3), by striking ``in 
                rehabilitation'' and inserting ``on disability 
                and rehabilitation'';
                  (B) in paragraph (4)--
                          (i) in the matter preceding 
                        subparagraph (A), by inserting 
                        ``education, health and health care,'' 
                        after ``independent living,''; and
                          (ii) by striking subparagraphs (A) 
                        through (D) and inserting the 
                        following:
                  ``(A) public and private entities, 
                including--
                          ``(i) elementary schools and 
                        secondary schools (as defined in 
                        section 9101 of the Elementary and 
                        Secondary Education Act of 1965);
                          ``(ii) institutions of higher 
                        education; and
                          ``(iii) nongovernmental agencies and 
                        organizations;
                  ``(B) rehabilitation practitioners;
                  ``(C) employers and organizations 
                representing employers with respect to 
                employment-based educational materials or 
                research;
                  ``(D) individuals with disabilities 
                (especially such individuals who are members of 
                minority groups or of populations that are 
                unserved or underserved by programs under this 
                Act);
                  ``(E) the individuals' representatives for 
                the individuals described in subparagraph (D); 
                and
                  ``(F) the Committee on Health, Education, 
                Labor, and Pensions of the Senate, the 
                Committee on Appropriations of the Senate, the 
                Committee on Education and the Workforce of the 
                House of Representatives, the Committee on 
                Appropriations of the House of Representatives, 
                and the National Council on Disability;''.
                  (C) in paragraph (6)--
                          (i) by inserting ``disability and'' 
                        after ``advances in''; and
                          (ii) by inserting ``education, health 
                        and health care,'' after ``independent 
                        living,'';
                  (D) in paragraph (7), by striking ``taking 
                whatever action is necessary to keep the 
                Congress fully and currently informed'' and 
                inserting ``reporting to Congress on a 
                continuing and yearly basis'';
                  (E) in paragraph (8), by striking ``health, 
                income,'' and inserting ``health and health 
                care, income, education,'';
                  (F) in paragraph (10), by striking ``and 
                telecommuting; and'' and inserting ``, 
                supported employment (including customized 
                employment), and telecommuting;'';
                  (G) in paragraph (11), by striking the period 
                and inserting ``; and''; and
                  (H) by adding at the end the following:
          ``(12) ensuring that the research activities and 
        findings, demonstration projects, reports, evaluations, 
        studies, information described in this section, as well 
        as information about any reports in progress, will be 
        made publicly available in a timely manner, including 
        through electronic means (such as the website of the 
        Department of Education and other relevant government 
        agency websites) in order to inform the public about 
        the research and activities performed under this 
        title.'';
          (3) in subsection (d)(1), in the second sentence, by 
        inserting before the period the following: ``, and 
        shall not be an employee of the Department of Education 
        during the 90-day period before such appointment'';
          (4) in subsection (f)(1), by striking the second 
        sentence and inserting the following: ``The scientific 
        peer review shall be conducted by individuals who are 
        not Department of Education employees, who are 
        scientists or other experts in the disability and 
        rehabilitation field (including the independent living 
        field), including individuals with disabilities and the 
        individuals' representatives, and who have sufficient 
        knowledge to review applications for the financial 
        assistance. Such panel shall include a member of the 
        covered school community (for any activity resulting in 
        educational materials or a product to be used in a 
        covered school), a member of the business community 
        (for an activity resulting in a product to be used in 
        an employment activity), a member of the assistive 
        technology community (for an activity relating to 
        assistive technology), and an accessible electronic and 
        information technology vendor or manufacturer (for an 
        activity relating to accessible electronic and 
        information technology). The peer review panel shall 
        include a director of a designated State unit for a 
        panel that considers research related to the operation 
        or administration of the vocational rehabilitation 
        program.'';
          (5) in subsection (h)--
                  (A) in paragraph (1)(A)--
                          (i) by inserting ``disability and'' 
                        after ``priorities for''; and
                          (ii) by inserting ``dissemination,'' 
                        after ``training,''; and
                  (B) in paragraph (2)(A), by striking ``, 
                especially in the area of employment'';
          (6) by redesignating subsections (i), (j), and (k), 
        as subsections (j), (k), and (l), respectively;
          (7) by inserting after subsection (h) the following:
  ``(i)(1) The Director shall determine if entities that 
received financial assistance under this title are complying 
with the applicable requirements of this Act and achieving 
measurable goals, described in section 204(d)(2), that are 
consistent with the requirements of the programs under which 
the entities received the financial assistance.
  ``(2) To assist the Director in carrying out the 
responsibilities described in paragraph (1), the Director shall 
require recipients of financial assistance under this title to 
submit relevant information to evaluate program outcomes with 
respect to the measurable goals described in section 204(d)(2) 
pursuant to section 75.118 of title 34, Code of Federal 
Regulations.'';
          (8) in subsection (k), as redesignated by paragraph 
        (6), by striking paragraph (3); and
          (9) by striking subsection (l), as redesignated by 
        paragraph (6), and inserting the following:
  ``(l) The Director shall make grants to institutions of 
higher education for the training of rehabilitation 
researchers, including individuals with disabilities and 
traditionally underserved populations of individuals with 
disabilities, as described in section 21, with particular 
attention to research areas that--
          ``(1) support the implementation and objectives of 
        this Act; and
          ``(2) improve the effectiveness of services 
        authorized under this Act.
  ``(m)(1) Not later than December 31 of each year, the 
Director shall prepare, and submit to the Secretary, the 
Committee on Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions of the 
Senate, and the Committee on Education and the Workforce of the 
House of Representatives, a report on the activities funded 
under this title.
  ``(2) The report under paragraph (1) shall include--
          ``(A) a compilation and summary of the information 
        provided by recipients of financial assistance for such 
        activities under this title;
          ``(B) a summary of recipients of financial assistance 
        received under this title and the progress of the 
        recipients of financial assistance in achieving the 
        measurable goals described in section 204(d)(2); and
          ``(C) a summary of practical implications of research 
        outcomes and anticipated next steps.
  ``(n)(1) If the Director determines that an entity that 
receives financial assistance under this title fails to comply 
with the applicable requirements of this Act, or to make 
progress toward achieving the measurable goals described in 
section 204(d)(2), with respect to the covered activities 
involved, the Director shall enact monitoring and enforcement 
measures pursuant to section 75.253 of title 34, Code of 
Federal Regulations.
  ``(2) As part of the annual report required under subsection 
(m), the Secretary shall describe each action taken by the 
Secretary under paragraph (1) and the outcomes of such 
action.''.

SEC. 434. INTERAGENCY COMMITTEE.

  Section 203 (29 U.S.C. 763) is amended--
          (1) in subsection (a)(1)--
                  (A) by striking ``and cooperation'' and 
                inserting ``, cooperation, and collaboration'';
                  (B) by inserting ``disability and'' after 
                ``agencies conducting'';
                  (C) by inserting ``the Chairman of the 
                National Council on Disability, the Assistant 
                Secretary for Disability Employment Policy, the 
                Secretary of Defense, the Director of the 
                Office on Disability of the Department of 
                Health and Human Services,'' after ``Assistant 
                Secretary for Special Education and 
                Rehabilitative Services,''; and
                  (D) by striking ``and the Director of the 
                National Science Foundation.'' and inserting 
                ``the Director of the National Science 
                Foundation, the Secretary of Commerce, and the 
                Administrator of the Small Business 
                Administration.'';
          (2) in subsection (b)--
                  (A) in paragraph (1), by striking ``from 
                targeted individuals'' and inserting 
                ``individuals with disabilities and their 
                representatives''; and
                  (B) in paragraph (2)--
                          (i) by striking subparagraphs (A) and 
                        (B) and inserting the following:
                  ``(A) share information regarding the range 
                of assistive technology research, 
                rehabilitation research, and research that 
                incorporates the principles of universal 
                design, that is being carried out by members of 
                the Committee and other Federal departments and 
                organizations;
                  ``(B) identify and make efforts to address, 
                gaps in assistive technology research, 
                rehabilitation research, and research that 
                incorporates the principles of universal 
                design, that are not being adequately 
                addressed;'';
                          (ii) in subparagraph (D)--
                                  (I) by striking ``and 
                                research that incorporates the 
                                principles of universal 
                                design'' and inserting ``, 
                                rehabilitation research, and 
                                research that incorporates the 
                                principles of universal 
                                design''; and
                                  (II) by striking ``and'' 
                                after the semicolon; and
                          (iii) in subparagraph (E), by 
                        striking ``and research that 
                        incorporates the principles of 
                        universal design.'' and inserting ``, 
                        rehabilitation research, and research 
                        that incorporates the principles of 
                        universal design; and'';
          (3) by striking subsection (d);
          (4) by redesignating subsection (c) as subsection 
        (d);
          (5) by inserting after subsection (b) the following:
  ``(c)(1) Not later than 2 years after the date of enactment 
of the Workforce Investment Act of 2012, and periodically 
thereafter, the Committee shall host a disability and 
rehabilitation research summit, for the purposes of 
establishing a research agenda to ensure projects are relevant 
and applicable, bringing together policymakers, representatives 
from Federal agencies conducting disability and rehabilitation 
research, nongovernmental funders of rehabilitation research, 
and organizations representing individuals with disabilities, 
researchers, and providers.
  ``(2) Based on the proceedings of the summit described in 
paragraph (1), the Committee shall develop a comprehensive 
Government-wide strategic plan for disability and 
rehabilitation research. The strategic plan shall include 
measurable goals and objectives, action-oriented measures, 
timetables, budgets, and assignment of responsible individuals 
and agencies for carrying out research activities. At a 
minimum, the strategic plan shall include--
          ``(A) research priorities and recommendations;
          ``(B) the development of a searchable Government-wide 
        inventory of disability and rehabilitation research for 
        trend and data analysis across Federal agencies;
          ``(C) a set of guiding principles and policies and 
        procedures for conducting and administering disability 
        and rehabilitation research across Federal agencies; 
        and
          ``(D) a summary of underemphasized and of duplicative 
        areas of research.
  ``(3) Not later than 90 days after the conclusion of the 
summit described in paragraph (1), the strategic plan described 
in paragraph (2) shall be submitted to the President and the 
Committee on Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions of the 
Senate and the Committee on Education and the Workforce of the 
House of Representatives.
  ``(4) The annual report prepared by the Committee under 
subsection (d) shall include an annual accounting of the 
progress made in implementing the strategic plan described in 
paragraph (2), including achievement of measurable goals and 
objectives, timetables, budgets, and the assignment of 
responsible individuals and agencies.
  ``(5) The Committee shall have the authority to facilitate 
collaborative projects among Federal agencies by receiving the 
transfer of funds from such agencies.'';
          (6) in subsection (d), as redesignated by paragraph 
        (4), by striking paragraph (1) and inserting the 
        following:
          ``(1) describes the progress of the Committee in 
        fulfilling the duties described in subsections (b) and 
        (c), and including specifically for subsection (c)--
                  ``(A) a report of the progress made in 
                implementing the strategic plan;
                  ``(B) a description of the achievement of 
                measurable goals, objectives, and timetables;
                  ``(C) detailed budgetary information; and
                  ``(D) the assignment of responsible 
                individuals and agencies.''; and
          (7) in subsection (e)--
                  (A) in paragraph (1), by striking ``and'' 
                after the semicolon; and
                  (B) in paragraph (2), by striking the period 
                at the end and inserting ``; and''; and
                  (C) by adding at the end the following:
          ``(3) the term `rehabilitation research' means 
        research on issues and topics related to attaining 
        maximum self sufficiency and function by individuals 
        with disabilities, including research on assistive 
        technology and universal design, employment, education, 
        health and function, and community integration and 
        participation.''.

SEC. 435. RESEARCH AND OTHER COVERED ACTIVITIES.

  Section 204 (20 U.S.C. 764) is amended--
          (1) in subsection (a)--
                  (A) in paragraph (1)--
                          (i) by inserting ``have practical 
                        real life applications and'' before 
                        ``maximize''; and
                          (ii) by striking ``employment, 
                        independent living,'' and inserting 
                        ``employment, education, independent 
                        living, health and health care,'';
                  (B) in paragraph (2)--
                          (i) in subparagraph (A), by inserting 
                        ``and from which the research findings 
                        can be transferred to practice'' after 
                        ``State agencies''; and
                          (ii) in subparagraph (B)--
                                  (I) by striking clause (ii) 
                                and inserting the following:
          ``(ii) studies and analysis of policies and the 
        interaction of how particular factors (industrial, 
        vocational, educational, employment, social, 
        recreational, psychiatric, psychological, economic, and 
        health and health care), including for traditionally 
        underserved populations as described in section 21, 
        affect the rehabilitation of individuals with 
        disabilities;'';
                                  (II) in clause (iii), by 
                                striking ``are homebound'' and 
                                inserting ``have significant 
                                challenges attempting to engage 
                                with community life outside of 
                                their homes'';
                                  (III) in clause (iv), by 
                                inserting ``, including the 
                                principles of universal design 
                                and the interoperability of 
                                products and services'' after 
                                ``disabilities'';
                                  (IV) in clause (v), by 
                                inserting ``, and to promote 
                                employment opportunities in 
                                competitive integrated 
                                employment'' after 
                                ``employment'';
                                  (V) in clause (vi), by 
                                striking ``and'' after the 
                                semicolon;
                                  (VI) in clause (vii), by 
                                striking ``and assistive 
                                technology.'' and inserting ``, 
                                assistive technology, and 
                                communications technology; 
                                and''; and
                                  (VII) by adding at the end 
                                the following:
          ``(viii) studies, analyses, and other activities 
        affecting employment outcomes as defined in section 
        7(11), including self-employment and telecommuting, of 
        individuals with disabilities.''; and
                  (C) by adding at the end the following:
  ``(3) In carrying out this section, the Director shall 
emphasize covered activities that include plans for--
          ``(A) dissemination of high quality materials, 
        scientifically valid research results, or findings, 
        conclusions, and recommendations resulting from covered 
        activities, including through electronic means (such as 
        the website of the Department of Education), so that 
        such information is available in a timely manner to the 
        general public; or
          ``(B) the commercialization of marketable products, 
        research results, or findings, resulting from the 
        covered activities.'';
          (2) in subsection (b)--
                  (A) in paragraph (1), by striking ``(18)'' 
                both places the term appears and inserting 
                ``(17)'';
                  (B) in paragraph (2)--
                          (i) in subparagraph (A), by striking 
                        clauses (i) and (ii) and inserting the 
                        following:
          ``(i) be operated in collaboration with institutions 
        of higher education or providers of rehabilitation 
        services, developers or providers of assistive 
        technology devices, assistive technology services, or 
        information technology devices or services, or 
        providers of other appropriate services; and
          ``(ii) serve as centers of national excellence and 
        national or regional resources for individuals with 
        disabilities, as well as providers, educators, and 
        researchers.'';
                          (ii) in subparagraph (B)--
                                  (I) in clause (i), by 
                                striking ``alleviate or 
                                stabilize'' and all that 
                                follows through the semicolon 
                                and inserting ``maximize health 
                                and function (including 
                                alleviating or stabilizing 
                                conditions, or preventing 
                                secondary conditions), and 
                                promote maximum social and 
                                economic independence of 
                                individuals with disabilities, 
                                including promoting the ability 
                                of the individuals to prepare 
                                for, secure, retain, regain, or 
                                advance in employment;'';
                                  (II) in clause (iii), by 
                                striking ``and'' after the 
                                semicolon; and
                                  (III) by striking clause (iv) 
                                and inserting the following:
          ``(iv) serving as an informational and technical 
        assistance resource to individuals with disabilities, 
        as well as to providers, educators, and researchers, 
        through conferences, workshops, public education 
        programs, in-service training programs, and similar 
        activities and providing knowledge translation to 
        promote the use of research findings through training, 
        technical assistance, and dissemination, including 
        identifying potential new areas of research; and
          ``(v) developing practical applications for the 
        findings of the research of the Centers.''; and
                          (iii) in subparagraph (C)--
                                  (I) in clause (i), by 
                                inserting ``, including 
                                research on assistive 
                                technology devices, assistive 
                                technology services, and 
                                accessible electronic and 
                                information technology 
                                devices'' after ``research'';
                                  (II) in clause (ii), by 
                                striking ``and social'' and 
                                inserting ``, social, and 
                                economic'';
                                  (III) by striking clauses 
                                (iii) through (vi) and 
                                inserting the following:
          ``(iii) improving the evaluation process for 
        determining the assistive technology needs of 
        individuals with disabilities;
          ``(iv) research related to vocational rehabilitation, 
        including the use of assistive technology devices and 
        accessible electronic and information technology 
        devices in employment;
          ``(v) continuation of research that promotes the 
        emotional, social, educational, and functional growth 
        of children who are individuals with disabilities, as 
        well as their integration in school, employment, and 
        community activities;
          ``(vi) continuation of research to develop and 
        evaluate interventions, policies, and services that 
        support families of children and adults who are 
        individuals with disabilities;
          ``(vii) continuation of research that will improve 
        services and policies that foster the independence and 
        social integration of individuals with disabilities, 
        and enable individuals with disabilities, including 
        individuals with intellectual disabilities and other 
        developmental disabilities, to live in their 
        communities; and
          ``(viii) research, dissemination, and technical 
        assistance on best practices in supported employment 
        and other strategies to promote competitive integrated 
        employment for persons with the most significant 
        disabilities.'';
                                  (IV) by striking subparagraph 
                                (D) and inserting the 
                                following:
  ``(D) Training of students preparing to be rehabilitation 
personnel or to provide rehabilitative, assistive, or 
supportive services (such as rehabilitation counseling, 
personal care services, direct care, job coaching, aides in 
school based setting, or advice or assistance in utilizing 
assistive technology devices, assistive technology services, 
and accessible electronic and information technology devices 
and services) shall be an important priority for each such 
Center.'';
                                  (V) by striking subparagraph 
                                (I); and
                                  (VI) by redesignating 
                                subparagraphs (J) through (O) 
                                as subparagraphs (I) through 
                                (N), respectively;
                  (C) in paragraph (3)--
                          (i) in subparagraph (B)--
                                  (I) in clause (ii)(II), by 
                                striking ``employment'' and 
                                inserting ``educational, 
                                employment,''; and
                                  (II) in clause (iii)(II), by 
                                striking ``employment'' and 
                                inserting ``educational, 
                                employment,'';
                          (ii) in subparagraph (D)(ii), by 
                        adding at the end the following: ``Each 
                        such Center conducting an activity 
                        relating to assistive technology or 
                        relating to accessible electronic and 
                        information technology shall include in 
                        the advisory committee a member of the 
                        assistive technology or accessible 
                        electronic and information technology 
                        community, respectively. Each such 
                        Center conducting an activity resulting 
                        in educational materials or a product 
                        to be used in a covered school, or 
                        resulting in a product to be used in an 
                        employment activity, shall include in 
                        the advisory committee a member of the 
                        covered school community, or a member 
                        of the business community, 
                        respectively.''; and
                          (iii) in subparagraph (G)(ii), by 
                        inserting ``the success of any 
                        commercialized product researched or 
                        developed through the Center,'' after 
                        ``individuals with disabilities,'';
                  (D) in paragraph (4)(B)--
                          (i) in clause (i)--
                                  (I) by striking ``special'' 
                                and inserting ``unique''; and
                                  (II) by inserting ``social 
                                and functional needs, and'' 
                                before ``acute care''; and
                          (ii) in clause (iv), by inserting 
                        ``education, health and health care,'' 
                        after ``employment,'';
                  (E) in paragraph (8)--
                          (i) by striking ``Veteran's 
                        Administration'' and inserting 
                        ``Department of Veterans Affairs, the 
                        Department of Defense, the Substance 
                        Abuse and Mental Health Services 
                        Administration, the Federal 
                        Communications Commission,''; and
                          (ii) by inserting ``the Department of 
                        Commerce, the Small Business 
                        Administration, the Department of 
                        Labor,'' after ``Space 
                        Administration,'';
                  (F) by striking paragraphs (9) and (11);
                  (G) by redesignating paragraphs (10), (12), 
                (13), (14), (15), (16), (17), and (18), as 
                paragraphs (9), (10), (11), (12), (13), (14), 
                (15), and (16), respectively;
                  (H) in paragraph (11), as redesignated by 
                subparagraph (G)--
                          (i) in the matter preceding 
                        subparagraph (A), by striking 
                        ``employment needs of individuals with 
                        disabilities,'' and inserting 
                        ``employment needs, opportunities, and 
                        outcomes (including those relating to 
                        self-employment, supported employment, 
                        and telecommuting) of individuals with 
                        disabilities, including older 
                        individuals with disabilities, students 
                        with disabilities who are transitioning 
                        from school to postsecondary life, 
                        including employment, and out of school 
                        youth with disabilities,'';
                          (ii) in subparagraph (B), by 
                        inserting ``and employment related'' 
                        after ``the employment'';
                          (iii) in subparagraph (E), by 
                        striking ``and'' after the semicolon;
                          (iv) in subparagraph (F), by striking 
                        the period at the end and inserting ``; 
                        and''; and
                          (v) by adding at the end the 
                        following:
                  ``(G) develop models and alternatives to help 
                transition sheltered workshops for individuals 
                with disabilities to competitive integrated 
                employment for such individuals, and develop 
                recommendations for decreasing reliance on the 
                special minimum wage certificate program under 
                section 14(c) of the Fair Labor Standards Act 
                of 1938 (29 U.S.C. 214(c)).'';
                  (I) in paragraph (14), as redesignated by 
                subparagraph (G), by striking ``and access to 
                gainful employment.'' and inserting ``, full 
                participation, equal opportunity, and economic 
                self-sufficiency.''; and
                  (J) by adding at the end the following:
  ``(17) Research grants may be used to provide for research 
and training concerning the delivery of vocational 
rehabilitation services. Such projects and activities may 
include projects and activities designed to--
          ``(A) identify, develop, and evaluate evidence-based 
        practices or policies that are effective in improving 
        employment outcomes for individuals with disabilities;
          ``(B) conduct research related to improving the 
        provision of services for underserved or special 
        populations, such as strategies to enhance employment 
        services and outcomes for middle-aged and older workers 
        with disabilities or American Indians with 
        disabilities;
          ``(C) conduct research on the delivery of vocational 
        rehabilitation services to rural areas;
          ``(D) demonstrate innovative models of service 
        delivery or testing methods of service delivery that 
        have the potential to improve the effectiveness of 
        programs authorized under this Act, including the use 
        of assistive technology devices and accessible 
        electronic and information technology devices in 
        employment;
          ``(E) conduct research on ways to improve the 
        performance of State vocational rehabilitation 
        agencies;
          ``(F) disseminate and promote the implementation of 
        evidence-based practices identified through these 
        activities; and
          ``(G) conduct rigorous evaluations of programs and 
        activities administered by the Rehabilitation Services 
        Administration or supported under this Act.''; and
          (3) by adding at the end the following:
  ``(d)(1) The Director shall award the grants, contracts, or 
other financial assistance under this title on a competitive 
basis.
  ``(2)(A) To be eligible to receive financial assistance under 
this section for a covered activity, an entity shall submit an 
application to the Director at such time, in such manner, and 
containing such information as the Director may require.
  ``(B) The application shall include information describing--
          ``(i) measurable goals, as established through 
        section 1115 of title 31, United States Code, and a 
        timeline and specific plan for meeting the goals, that 
        the applicant has set for addressing priorities related 
        to--
                  ``(I) commercialization of a marketable 
                product (including a marketable curriculum or 
                research) resulting from the covered activity;
                  ``(II) in the case of a covered activity 
                relating to technology, technology transfer;
                  ``(III) in the case of research, 
                dissemination of research results to, as 
                applicable, Government entities, individuals 
                with disabilities, covered schools, the 
                business community, the assistive technology 
                community, and the accessible electronic and 
                information technology community; and
                  ``(IV) other priorities as required by the 
                Director; and
          ``(ii) how the applicant will quantifiably measure 
        the goals to determine whether the goals have been 
        accomplished.
  ``(3)(A) In the case of an application for financial 
assistance under this section to carry out a covered activity 
that results in the development of a marketable product, the 
application shall also include a commercialization and 
dissemination plan, as appropriate, containing 
commercialization and marketing strategies for the product 
involved, and strategies for disseminating information about 
the product. The financial assistance shall not be used to 
carry out the commercialization and marketing strategies.
  ``(B) In the case of any other application for financial 
assistance to carry out a covered activity under this section, 
the application shall also include a dissemination plan, 
containing strategies for disseminating educational materials, 
research results, or findings, conclusions, and 
recommendations, resulting from the covered activity.''.

SEC. 436. REHABILITATION RESEARCH ADVISORY COUNCIL.

  Section 205 (29 U.S.C. 765) is amended--
          (1) in subsection (a), by inserting ``not less than'' 
        after ``composed of''; and
          (2) by striking subsection (c) and inserting the 
        following:
  ``(c) Qualifications.--Members of the Council shall include 
representatives of rehabilitation professionals, rehabilitation 
researchers, the directors of community rehabilitation 
programs, the business community (including a representative of 
the small business community) that has experience with the 
system of vocational rehabilitation services carried out under 
this Act and with hiring individuals with disabilities, 
assistive technology developers and manufacturers, information 
technology vendors and manufacturers, entities carrying out 
programs under the Assistive Technology Act of 1998 (29 U.S.C. 
3001 et seq.), covered school professionals, individuals with 
disabilities, and the individuals' representatives. At least 
one-half of the members shall be individuals with disabilities 
or the individuals' representatives.''.

SEC. 437. DEFINITION OF COVERED SCHOOL.

  Title II (29 U.S.C. 760) is amended by adding at the end the 
following:

``SEC. 206. DEFINITION OF COVERED SCHOOL.

  ``In this title, the term `covered school' means an 
elementary school or secondary school (as such terms are 
defined in section 9101 of the Elementary and Secondary 
Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 7801)) or an institution of 
higher education.''.

     Subtitle D--Professional Development and Special Projects and 
                             Demonstration

SEC. 441. TRAINING.

  Section 302 (29 U.S.C. 772) is amended--
          (1) in subsection (a)--
                  (A) in paragraph (1)--
                          (i) in subparagraph (E)--
                                  (I) by striking all after 
                                ``deliver'' and inserting 
                                ``supported employment services 
                                and customized employment 
                                services to individuals with 
                                the most significant 
                                disabilities''; and
                                  (II) by striking ``and'' 
                                after the semicolon;
                          (ii) in subparagraph (F), by striking 
                        ``and'' after the semicolon;
                          (iii) in subparagraph (G), by 
                        striking the period at the end and 
                        inserting ``; and''; and
                          (iv) by adding at the end the 
                        following:
                  ``(H) personnel trained in providing 
                assistive technology services.'';
          (2) in subsection (b)(1)(B)(i), by striking ``or 
        prosthetics and orthotics'' and inserting ``prosthetics 
        and orthotics, rehabilitation teaching for the blind, 
        or orientation and mobility instruction'';
          (3) in subsection (g)--
                  (A) in paragraph (1), by adding after the 
                period the following: ``Any technical 
                assistance provided to community rehabilitation 
                programs shall be focused on the employment 
                outcome of competitive integrated employment 
                for individuals with disabilities.''; and
                  (B) in paragraph (3)--
                          (i) in subparagraph (A), by striking 
                        clause (iv) and inserting the 
                        following:
                          ``(iv) for the 2 years following the 
                        date of enactment of the Workforce 
                        Investment Act of 2012, to provide 
                        training regarding the amendments made 
                        to this Act.''; and
                          (ii) in subparagraph (B), by striking 
                        ``on the date of enactment of the 
                        Rehabilitation Act Amendments of 1998'' 
                        and inserting ``on the date of 
                        enactment of the Workforce Investment 
                        Act of 2012''; and
          (4) in subsection (i), by striking ``fiscal years 
        1999 through 2003'' and inserting ``fiscal years 2013 
        through 2017''.

SEC. 442. DEMONSTRATION AND TRAINING PROGRAMS.

  Section 303 (29 U.S.C. 773) is amended--
          (1) in subsection (b)--
                  (A) in paragraph (5)--
                          (i) in subparagraph (A)--
                                  (I) by striking clause (i) 
                                and inserting the following:
                          ``(i) special projects and 
                        demonstration programs focused on 
                        improving transition from education to 
                        competitive integrated employment for 
                        youth who are individuals with 
                        significant disabilities;''; and
                                  (II) by striking clause (iii) 
                                and inserting the following:
                          ``(iii) increasing competitive 
                        integrated employment for individuals 
                        with significant disabilities.''; and
                  (B) by striking paragraph (6);
          (2) in subsection (c)(2)--
                  (A) in subparagraph (E), by striking ``and'' 
                after the semicolon;
                  (B) by redesignating subparagraph (F) as 
                subparagraph (G); and--
                  (C) by inserting after subparagraph (E) the 
                following:
                  ``(F) to provide support and guidance in 
                helping individuals with significant 
                disabilities, including students with 
                disabilities, transition to competitive 
                integrated employment; and''; and
          (3) by amending subsection (e) to read as follows:
  ``(e) Authorization of Appropriations.--For the purpose of 
carrying out this section (other than subsections (c) and (e)), 
there are authorized to be appropriated such sums as may be 
necessary for each of the fiscal years 2013 through 2017.''.

SEC. 443. MIGRANT AND SEASONAL FARMWORKERS.

  Section 304(b) (29 U.S.C. 774(b)) is amended by striking 
``fiscal years 1999 through 2003'' and inserting ``fiscal years 
2013 through 2017''.

SEC. 444. RECREATIONAL PROGRAMS.

  Section 305 (29 U.S.C. 776) is amended--
          (1) in subsection (a)(1)(B), by striking 
        ``construction of facilities for aquatic rehabilitation 
        therapy,''; and
          (2) in subsection (b), by striking ``fiscal years 
        1999 through 2003'' and inserting ``fiscal years 2013 
        through 2017''.

               Subtitle E--National Council on Disability

SEC. 451. REPORT.

  Section 401 (29 U.S.C. 781) is amended by striking subsection 
(c).

SEC. 452. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

  Section 405 (29 U.S.C. 785) is amended by striking ``fiscal 
years 1999 through 2003'' and inserting ``fiscal years 2013 
through 2017''.

                    Subtitle F--Rights and Advocacy

SEC. 456. BOARD AND COUNCIL.

  (a) Architectural and Transportation Barriers Compliance 
Board.--Section 502(j) (29 U.S.C. 792(j)) is amended by 
striking ``1999 through 2003'' and inserting ``2013 through 
2017''.
  (b) Program or Activity.--Section 504(b)(2)(B) (29 U.S.C. 
794(b)(2)(B)) is amended by striking ``vocational education'' 
and inserting ``career and technical education''.
  (c) Interagency Disability Coordinating Council.--Section 
507(a) (29 U.S.C. 794c(a)) is amended by inserting ``the 
Chairperson of the National Council on Disability,'' before 
``and such other''.

SEC. 457. PROTECTION AND ADVOCACY OF INDIVIDUAL RIGHTS.

  Section 509 (29 U.S.C. 794e) is amended--
          (1) in subsection (c)(1)(A), by inserting ``a grant 
        or contract for'' before ``training'';
          (2) in subsection (f)--
                  (A) in paragraph (2)--
                          (i) by striking ``general'' and all 
                        that follows through ``records'' and 
                        inserting ``general authorities 
                        (including rights and remedies), 
                        including the authority to access 
                        records''; and
                          (ii) by inserting ``of title I'' 
                        after ``subtitle C''; and
                  (B) in paragraph (3), by striking 
                ``authority'' and inserting ``authority 
                (including the right)'';
          (3) in subsection (g)(2), by striking ``was paid'' 
        and all that follows and inserting ``was paid, except 
        that program income generated from the amount paid to 
        an eligible system for a fiscal year shall remain 
        available to such system in accordance with section 19 
        of this Act.'';
          (4) in subsection (l), by striking ``1999 through 
        2003'' and inserting ``2013 through 2017'';
          (5) by redesignating subsections (l) and (m) as 
        subsections (m) and (n), respectively; and
          (6) by inserting after subsection (k) the following:
  ``(l) System Authority.--For purposes of serving persons 
eligible for services under this section, an eligible system 
shall have the same general authorities, including access to 
records, as the system is afforded under subtitle C of title I 
of the Developmental Disabilities Assistance and Bill of Rights 
Act of 2000 (42 U.S.C. 15041 et seq.), as determined by the 
Commissioner of the Administration on Developmental 
Disabilities.''.

SEC. 458. STANDARDS FOR ACCESSIBLE MEDICAL DIAGNOSTIC EQUIPMENT.

  Section 510 (29 U.S.C. 794f) is amended--
          (1) by redesignating subsection (c) as subsection 
        (d);
          (2) by inserting after subsection (b) the following:
  ``(c) Regulations.--Not later than 6 months after the date of 
the issuance of the standards under subsection (a), each 
appropriate Federal agency authorized to promulgate regulations 
under section 504 or the Americans with Disabilities Act of 
1990 shall prescribe regulations in an accessible format, to 
the extent necessary to carry out the provisions of this 
section, section 504, and the Americans with Disabilities Act 
of 1990, as applicable, that include accessibility standards 
that are consistent with the standards issued under subsection 
(a).''; and
          (3) in subsection (d), as redesignated by paragraph 
        (1), by adding at the end the following: ``Not later 
        than 6 months after the date of the issuance of such 
        amended standards, each Federal agency covered by 
        subsection (c) shall prescribe revised regulations, in 
        an accessible format, that are consistent with the 
        amended standards.''.

 Subtitle G--Employment Opportunities for Individuals With Disabilities

SEC. 461. PROJECTS WITH INDUSTRY.

  Section 611 (29 U.S.C. 795) is amended--
          (1) in subsection (a)--
                  (A) in paragraph (1)--
                          (i) by striking ``in the 
                        competitive'' and inserting ``in 
                        competitive integrated employment in 
                        the''; and
                          (ii) by inserting ``locally'' after 
                        ``career advancement'';
                  (B) in paragraph (2)--
                          (i) in the matter preceding 
                        subparagraph (A)--
                                  (I) by inserting ``local and 
                                national'' after ``jointly 
                                financed''; and
                                  (II) by inserting ``in 
                                competitive integrated 
                                employment'' after ``career 
                                opportunities'';
                          (ii) in subparagraph (A)--
                                  (I) by striking clause (ii) 
                                and inserting the following:
                  ``(ii) identify job and career availability 
                within the community in consultations with 
                local workforce investment boards, consistent 
                with the existing and emerging in-demand 
                industry sectors and occupations as defined in 
                section 101 of the Workforce Investment Act of 
                2012, and the employment needs of employers in 
                those industry sectors and occupations;'';
                                  (II) in clause (iii), by 
                                striking ``and'' after the 
                                semicolon;
                                  (III) in clause (iv), by 
                                inserting ``and'' after the 
                                semicolon; and
                                  (IV) by adding at the end the 
                                following:
                  ``(v) coordinate such training and job 
                placement activities with the local workforce 
                investment boards described in clause (ii) as 
                appropriate, and with the Job Corps center 
                industry councils established under section 154 
                of the Workforce Investment Act of 2012.''; and
                          (iii) in subparagraph (C)--
                                  (I) in clause (i), by 
                                striking ``and'' after the 
                                semicolon;
                                  (II) by redesignating clause 
                                (ii) as clause (iii); and
                                  (III) by inserting after 
                                clause (i) the following:
                  ``(ii) internship programs for individuals 
                with disabilities who seek employment; and'';
          (2) in subsection (e)(2), by striking ``in States, 
        portions of States, Indian tribes, or tribal 
        organizations'' and inserting ``nationally or in 
        States, in portions of States, across multiple States, 
        or in Indian tribes or tribal organizations''; and
          (3) by adding at the end the following:
  ``(i) Prohibited Use of Funds.--Grant funds awarded under 
this section shall not be used to support services in sheltered 
workshops or segregated settings.''.

SEC. 462. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

  Section 612 (29 U.S.C. 795a) is amended by striking ``fiscal 
years 1999 through 2003'' and inserting ``fiscal years 2013 
through 2017''.

SEC. 463. SUPPORTED EMPLOYMENT SERVICES.

  Part B of title VI (29 U.S.C. 795g) is amended to read as 
follows:

                ``PART B--SUPPORTED EMPLOYMENT SERVICES

``SEC. 621. PURPOSE.

  ``It is the purpose of this part to authorize allotments, in 
addition to grants for vocational rehabilitation services under 
title I, to assist States in developing collaborative programs 
with appropriate entities to provide supported employment 
services for individuals with the most significant 
disabilities, including youth with the most significant 
disabilities, to enable such individuals to achieve an 
employment outcome of supported employment in competitive 
integrated employment.

``SEC. 622. ALLOTMENTS.

  ``(a) In General.--
          ``(1) States.--The Secretary shall allot the sums 
        appropriated for each fiscal year to carry out this 
        part among the States on the basis of relative 
        population of each State, except that--
                  ``(A) no State shall receive less than 
                $250,000, or \1/3\ of 1 percent of the sums 
                appropriated for the fiscal year for which the 
                allotment is made, whichever amount is greater; 
                and
                  ``(B) if the sums appropriated to carry out 
                this part for the fiscal year exceed the sums 
                appropriated to carry out this part for fiscal 
                year 1992 by $1,000,000 or more, no State shall 
                receive less than $300,000, or \1/3\ of 1 
                percent of the sums appropriated for the fiscal 
                year for which the allotment is made, whichever 
                amount is greater.
          ``(2) Certain territories.--
                  ``(A) In general.--For the purposes of this 
                subsection, Guam, American Samoa, the United 
                States Virgin Islands, and the Commonwealth of 
                the Northern Mariana Islands shall not be 
                considered to be States.
                  ``(B) Allotment.--Each jurisdiction described 
                in subparagraph (A) shall be allotted not less 
                than \1/8\ of 1 percent of the amounts 
                appropriated for the fiscal year for which the 
                allotment is made.
  ``(b) Reallotment.--Whenever the Commissioner determines that 
any amount of an allotment to a State for any fiscal year will 
not be expended by such State for carrying out the provisions 
of this part, the Commissioner shall make such amount available 
for carrying out the provisions of this part to one or more of 
the States that the Commissioner determines will be able to use 
additional amounts during such year for carrying out such 
provisions. Any amount made available to a State for any fiscal 
year pursuant to the preceding sentence shall, for the purposes 
of this section, be regarded as an increase in the allotment of 
the State (as determined under the preceding provisions of this 
section) for such year.
  ``(c) Limitations on Administrative Costs.--A State that 
receives an allotment under this part shall not use more than 5 
percent of the funds made available through the allotment to 
pay for administrative costs.
  ``(d) Services for Youth With the Most Significant 
Disabilities.--A State that receives an allotment under this 
part shall expend half of the allotment for the provision of 
supported employment services, including extended services, to 
youth with the most significant disabilities in order to assist 
those youth to achieve an employment outcome in supported 
employment.

``SEC. 623. AVAILABILITY OF SERVICES.

  ``(a) Supported Employment Services.--Funds provided under 
this part may be used to provide supported employment services 
to individuals who are eligible under this part.
  ``(b) Extended Services.--Except as provided in paragraph 
(c), funds provided under this part, or title I, may not be 
used to provide extended services to individuals who are 
eligible under this part or title I.
  ``(c) Extended Services for Youth With the Most Significant 
Disabilities.--Funds allotted under this part, or title I, and 
used for the provision of services under this part to youth 
with the most significant disabilities pursuant to section 
622(d) of this part, may be used to provide extended services 
to youth with the most significant disabilities for a period 
not to exceed four years.

``SEC. 624. ELIGIBILITY.

  ``An individual, including a youth with a disability, shall 
be eligible under this part to receive supported employment 
services authorized under this part if--
          ``(1) the individual, including a youth with a 
        disability, is eligible for vocational rehabilitation 
        services under title I;
          ``(2) the individual, including a youth, is 
        determined to be an individual with a most significant 
        disability; and
          ``(3) a comprehensive assessment of rehabilitation 
        needs of the individual or youth described in section 
        7(2)(B), including an evaluation of rehabilitation, 
        career, and job needs, identifies supported employment 
        as the appropriate employment outcome for the 
        individual or youth.

``SEC. 625. STATE PLAN.

  ``(a) State Plan Supplements.--To be eligible for an 
allotment under this part, a State shall submit to the 
Commissioner, as part of the State plan under section 101, a 
State plan supplement for providing supported employment 
services authorized under this Act to individuals, including 
youth with the most significant disabilities, who are eligible 
under this Act to receive the services. Each State shall make 
such annual revisions in the plan supplement as may be 
necessary.
  ``(b) Contents.--Each such plan supplement shall--
          ``(1) indicate each designated State agency as the 
        agency to administer the program assisted under this 
        part;
          ``(2) summarize the results of the comprehensive, 
        statewide assessment conducted under section 
        101(a)(15)(A)(i), with respect to the rehabilitation 
        needs of individuals, including youth, with significant 
        disabilities and the need for supported employment 
        services, including needs related to coordination;
          ``(3) describe the quality, scope, and extent of 
        supported employment services authorized under this Act 
        to be provided to individuals, including youth with the 
        most significant disabilities, who are eligible under 
        this Act to receive the services and specify the goals 
        and plans of the State with respect to the distribution 
        of funds received under section 622;
          ``(4) demonstrate evidence of the efforts of the 
        designated State agency to identify and make 
        arrangements (including entering into cooperative 
        agreements) with other State agencies and other 
        appropriate entities to assist in the provision of 
        supported employment services;
          ``(5) demonstrate evidence of the efforts of the 
        designated State agency to identify and make 
        arrangements (including entering into cooperative 
        agreements) with other public or nonprofit agencies or 
        organizations within the State, employers, natural 
        supports, and other entities with respect to the 
        provision of extended services;
          ``(6) a description of the activities to be conducted 
        under this part, using the funds specified in section 
        622(d) of this title, for providing supported 
        employment services to youth with the most significant 
        disabilities, including--
                  ``(A) the provision of extended services for 
                a period not to exceed four years; and
                  ``(B) how the State will use the funds 
                specified in section 622(d) to leverage other 
                public and private funds to increase resources 
                for extended services and expand supported 
                employment opportunities for youth with the 
                most significant disabilities;
          ``(7) provide assurances that--
                  ``(A) funds made available under this part 
                will only be used to provide supported 
                employment services authorized under this Act 
                to individuals, including youth, who are 
                eligible under this part to receive the 
                services;
                  ``(B) the comprehensive assessments of 
                individuals with significant disabilities, 
                including youth with the most significant 
                disabilities, conducted under section 102(b)(1) 
                and funded under title I will include 
                consideration of supported employment as an 
                appropriate employment outcome;
                  ``(C) an individualized plan for employment, 
                as required by section 102, will be developed 
                and updated using funds under title I in order 
                to--
                          ``(i) specify the supported 
                        employment services to be provided, 
                        including as appropriate for youth with 
                        the most significant disabilities, 
                        transition services and pre-employment 
                        transition services provided in 
                        accordance with sections 101(a)(25) and 
                        114;
                          ``(ii) specify the expected extended 
                        services needed, including the extended 
                        services that may be provided to youth 
                        with the most significant disabilities 
                        under this part, in accordance with an 
                        approved individualized plan for 
                        employment, for a period not to exceed 
                        four years; and
                          ``(iii) identify, as appropriate, the 
                        source of extended services, which may 
                        include natural supports, or to the 
                        extent that it is not possible to 
                        identify the source of extended 
                        services at the time the individualized 
                        plan for employment is developed;
                  ``(D) the State will use funds provided under 
                this part only to supplement, and not supplant, 
                the funds provided under title I, in providing 
                supported employment services specified in the 
                individualized plan for employment;
                  ``(E) services provided under an 
                individualized plan for employment will be 
                coordinated with services provided under other 
                individualized plans established under other 
                Federal or State programs;
                  ``(F) to the extent jobs skills training is 
                provided, the training will be provided onsite;
                  ``(G) supported employment services will 
                include placement in an integrated setting 
                based on the unique strengths, resources, 
                priorities, concerns, abilities, capabilities, 
                interests, and informed choice of individuals 
                with the most significant disabilities;
                  ``(H) the State agencies designated under 
                paragraph (1) will expend not more than 5 
                percent of the allotment of the State under 
                this part for administrative costs of carrying 
                out this part; and
                  ``(I) with respect to supported employment 
                services provided to youth with the most 
                significant disabilities with the funds 
                described in section 622(d), the designated 
                State agency will provide, directly or 
                indirectly through public or private entities, 
                non-Federal contributions towards the grant 
                award in an amount that is not less than 10 
                percent of such costs; and
          ``(8) contain such other information and be submitted 
        in such manner as the Commissioner may require.

``SEC. 626. RESTRICTION.

  ``Each State agency designated under section 625(b)(1) shall 
collect the information required by section 101(a)(10) 
separately for eligible--
          ``(1)(A) individuals receiving supported employment 
        services under this part; and
          ``(B) individuals receiving supported employment 
        services under title I; and
          ``(2)(A) youth receiving supported employment 
        services under this part; and
          ``(B) youth receiving supported employment services 
        under title I.

``SEC. 627. SAVINGS PROVISION.

  ``(a) Supported Employment Services.--Nothing in this Act 
shall be construed to prohibit a State from providing supported 
employment services in accordance with the State plan submitted 
under section 101 by using funds made available through a State 
allotment under section 110.
  ``(b) Post-Employment Services.--Nothing in this part shall 
be construed to prohibit a State from providing discrete post-
employment services in accordance with the State plan submitted 
under section 101 by using funds made available through a State 
allotment under section 110 to an individual who is eligible 
under this subpart.

``SEC. 628. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

  ``There is authorized to be appropriated to carry out this 
part, including for technical assistance, such sums as may be 
necessary for each of the fiscal years 2013 through 2017.''.

  Subtitle H--Independent Living Services and Centers for Independent 
                                 Living

                     CHAPTER 1--GENERAL PROVISIONS


SEC. 471. PURPOSE.

  Section 701 (29 U.S.C. 796) is amended, in paragraph (3), by 
inserting before the period the following: ``, with the goal of 
improving the independence of and equal opportunity for 
individuals with disabilities''.

SEC. 472. INDEPENDENT LIVING ADMINISTRATION.

  Title VII (29 U.S.C. 796 et seq.) is amended by inserting 
after section 701 the following:

``SEC. 701A. INDEPENDENT LIVING ADMINISTRATION.

  ``(a) Establishment.--In order to promote the philosophy and 
purpose of section 701, there is established within the 
Department of Education an Independent Living Administration, 
independent of the Rehabilitation Services Administration.
  ``(b) Director.--The Independent Living Administration shall 
be headed by a Director (referred to in this title as the `ILA 
Director') appointed by the Secretary. The ILA Director shall 
not have been an employee of the Department of Education during 
the 90-day period before such appointment, and shall have 
substantial knowledge of independent living services. The 
Independent Living Administration shall be the principal 
agency, and the ILA Director shall be the principal officer, of 
the Department for carrying out this title. The ILA Director 
shall have the same reporting relationship as is outlined in 
section 202(a)(2), and shall be a different individual than the 
Commissioner.
  ``(c) General Counsel.--The Office of the General Counsel of 
the Department of Education shall designate 1 or more 
individuals, with substantial background in and knowledge of 
independent living services and centers for independent living 
under this title, to provide advice, support, and technical 
assistance to the ILA Director.
  ``(d) Input.--The ILA Director shall have the authority to 
seek such input and advice, including convening meetings, as 
the ILA Director determines to be appropriate with respect to 
the policies and conduct of the Independent Living 
Administration.
  ``(e) Staff.--The Secretary shall ensure that--
          ``(1) the Independent Living Administration has 
        sufficient staff to provide oversight of, conduct 
        auditing of, and provide technical assistance to, the 
        centers for independent living and Statewide 
        Independent Living Councils funded under this Act; and
          ``(2) such staff includes qualified individuals who 
        have significant experience with centers for 
        independent living or Statewide Independent Living 
        Councils described in section 705.''.

SEC. 473. DEFINITIONS.

  Section 702 (29 U.S.C. 796a) is amended--
          (1) in paragraph (1)--
                  (A) in the matter before subparagraph (A), by 
                inserting ``for individuals with significant 
                disabilities (regardless of age or income)'' 
                before ``that--'';
                  (B) in subparagraph (A), by striking ``and'' 
                at the end;
                  (C) in subparagraph (B), by striking the 
                period and inserting ``, including, at a 
                minimum, independent living core services as 
                defined in section 7(17); and''; and
                  (D) by adding at the end the following:
                  ``(C) has sufficient staff to provide the 
                services described in subparagraph (B).''; and
          (2) in paragraph (2), by striking the period and 
        inserting the following: ``, both in terms of--
                  ``(A) the management, staffing, 
                decisionmaking, and operation of the center; 
                and
                  ``(B) the center's establishment of policies, 
                direction, and provision of services.''.

SEC. 474. STATE PLAN.

  Section 704 (29 U.S.C. 796c) is amended--
          (1) in subsection (a)--
                  (A) in paragraph (1)--
                          (i) by inserting after ``State plan'' 
                        the following: ``developed and signed 
                        in accordance with paragraph (2),''; 
                        and
                          (ii) by striking ``Commissioner'' 
                        each place it appears and inserting 
                        ``ILA Director'';
                  (B) in paragraph (2)--
                          (i) in the matter preceding 
                        subparagraph (A), by striking 
                        ``developed and signed by''; and
                          (ii) by striking subparagraphs (A) 
                        and (B) and inserting the following:
                  ``(A) developed by the chairperson of the 
                Statewide Independent Living Council, the 
                director of the designated State entity 
                described in subsection (c), and the directors 
                of the centers for independent living in the 
                State, after receiving public input from 
                individuals with disabilities throughout the 
                State; and
                  ``(B) signed by--
                          ``(i) the chairperson of the 
                        Statewide Independent Living Council, 
                        acting on behalf of and at the 
                        direction of the Council;
                          ``(ii) the director of the designated 
                        State entity described in subsection 
                        (c); and
                          ``(iii) not less than 51 percent of 
                        the directors of the centers for 
                        independent living in the State.'';
                  (C) in paragraph (3)--
                          (i) in subparagraph (A), by striking 
                        ``State independent living services'' 
                        and inserting ``independent living 
                        services in the State'';
                          (ii) in subparagraph (B), by striking 
                        ``and'' at the end; and
                          (iii) by striking subparagraph (C) 
                        and inserting the following:
                  ``(C) working relationships and collaboration 
                between--
                          ``(i) centers for independent living; 
                        and
                          ``(ii)(I) entities carrying out 
                        programs that provide independent 
                        living services, including those 
                        serving older individuals;
                          ``(II) other community-based 
                        organizations that provide or 
                        coordinate the provision of housing, 
                        transportation, employment, information 
                        and referral assistance, services, and 
                        supports for individuals with 
                        significant disabilities; and
                          ``(III) entities carrying out the 
                        vocational rehabilitation program 
                        established under title I, and other 
                        programs providing services for 
                        individuals with disabilities; and
                  ``(D) cooperative agreements and partnerships 
                to provide a seamless model for provision of 
                services to individuals with disabilities and 
                to avoid duplication of services.'';
                  (D) in paragraph (4), by striking 
                ``Commissioner'' each place it appears and 
                inserting ``ILA Director''; and
                  (E) by adding at the end the following:
          ``(5) Statewide basis.--The State plan shall provide 
        for the provision of independent living services on a 
        statewide basis, to the greatest extent possible, 
        including through the establishment of additional 
        centers for independent living or focused outreach to 
        serve underserved populations.'';
          (2) in subsection (b), by striking the period and 
        inserting the following: ``, as well as a plan for 
        funding the administrative costs of the Council.'';
          (3) in subsection (c)--
                  (A) in the subsection heading, by striking 
                ``Unit'' and inserting ``Entity'';
                  (B) in the matter preceding paragraph (1), by 
                striking ``the designated State unit of such 
                State'' and inserting ``a State entity of such 
                State (referred to in this title as the 
                `designated State entity'), which may be the 
                designated State unit, an entity within the 
                designated State agency, or an entity within a 
                different State agency,'';
                  (C) in paragraphs (3) and (4), by striking 
                ``Commissioner'' each place it appears and 
                inserting ``ILA Director'';
                  (D) in paragraph (3), by striking ``and'' at 
                the end; and
                  (E) in paragraph (4), by striking the period 
                and inserting ``; and'';
          (4) in subsection (i), by striking paragraphs (1) and 
        (2) and inserting the following:
          ``(1) the Statewide Independent Living Council;
          ``(2) centers for independent living;
          ``(3) the designated State entity; and
          ``(4) other State agencies or entities represented on 
        the Council, other councils that address the needs and 
        issues of specific disability populations, and other 
        public and private entities determined to be 
        appropriate by the Council.'';
          (5) in subsection (m)--
                  (A) in paragraph (4), by striking 
                ``Commissioner'' each place it appears and 
                inserting ``ILA Director''; and
                  (B) in paragraph (5), by striking 
                ``Commissioner'' each place it appears and 
                inserting ``ILA Director''; and
          (6) by adding at the end the following:
  ``(o) Promoting Full Access to Community Life.--
          ``(1) In general.--The plan shall describe how the 
        State will provide independent living services that 
        promote full access to community life for individuals 
        with significant disabilities.
          ``(2) Services.--The services shall include--
                  ``(A) facilitating transitions of individuals 
                with significant disabilities from nursing 
                homes and other institutions, to home- and 
                community-based residences, with the requisite 
                supports and services;
                  ``(B) providing assistance to individuals 
                with significant disabilities that are at risk 
                of entering institutions so that the 
                individuals may remain in the community; and
                  ``(C) facilitating transitions of youth 
                (including students) who are individuals with 
                significant disabilities, who were eligible for 
                individualized education programs under section 
                614(d) of the Individuals with Disabilities 
                Education Act (20 U.S.C. 1414(d)), and who have 
                completed their secondary education or 
                otherwise left school, to postsecondary life, 
                including employment.''.

SEC. 475. STATEWIDE INDEPENDENT LIVING COUNCIL.

  Section 705 (29 U.S.C. 796d) is amended--
          (1) in subsection (b)--
                  (A) by striking paragraph (2) and inserting 
                the following:
          ``(2) Composition.--The Council shall include--
                  ``(A) among its voting members, at least 1 
                director of a center for independent living 
                chosen by the directors of centers for 
                independent living within the State;
                  ``(B) among its voting members, for a State 
                in which 1 or more centers are funded under 
                section 721(c)(4), at least 1 representative of 
                the directors of the centers; and
                  ``(C) as ex officio, nonvoting members, a 
                representative of the designated State entity, 
                and representatives from State agencies that 
                provide services for individuals with 
                disabilities.'';
                  (B) in paragraph (3)--
                          (i) by redesignating subparagraphs 
                        (C) through (F) as subparagraphs (D) 
                        through (G), respectively;
                          (ii) in subparagraph (B), by striking 
                        ``parents and guardians of''; and
                          (iii) by inserting after paragraph 
                        (B) the following:
                  ``(C) parents and guardians of individuals 
                with disabilities;''; and
                  (C) in paragraph (5)(B), by striking 
                ``paragraph (3)'' and inserting ``paragraph 
                (1)'';
          (2) by striking subsection (c) and inserting the 
        following:
  ``(c) Functions.--
          ``(1) Duties.--The Council shall--
                  ``(A) in conjunction with the directors of 
                the centers for independent living in the 
                State, and the designated State entity, jointly 
                develop and sign the State plan as provided in 
                section 704(a)(2);
                  ``(B) monitor, review, and evaluate the 
                implementation of the State plan;
                  ``(C) have at least 4 regularly scheduled 
                meetings per year, and ensure that such 
                meetings of the Council are open to the public 
                and sufficient advance notice of such meetings 
                is provided;
                  ``(D) submit to the ILA Director such 
                periodic reports as the ILA Director may 
                reasonably request, and keep such records, and 
                afford such access to such records, as the ILA 
                Director finds necessary to verify the 
                information in such reports; and
                  ``(E) as appropriate, coordinate activities 
                with the State Rehabilitation Council 
                established under section 105, if the State has 
                such a Council, or the commission described in 
                section 101(a)(21)(A), if the State has such a 
                commission, and councils that address the needs 
                of specific disability populations and issues 
                under other Federal law.
          ``(2) Authorities.--The Council may, consistent with 
        the State plan described in section 704, unless 
        prohibited by State law--
                  ``(A) facilitate the improvement and 
                coordination of services provided to 
                individuals with disabilities by centers for 
                independent living, the designated State unit, 
                other government agencies, and community 
                organizations;
                  ``(B) conduct resource development activities 
                to obtain funding from public and private 
                resources to support the activities described 
                in this subsection or to support the provision 
                of independent living services by centers for 
                independent living; and
                  ``(C) perform such other functions, 
                consistent with the purpose of this chapter and 
                comparable to other functions described in this 
                subsection, as the Council determines to be 
                appropriate.
          ``(3) Limitation.--The Council shall not provide 
        independent living services directly to individuals 
        with significant disabilities or manage such 
        services.'';
          (3) in subsection (e)--
                  (A) in paragraph (1), in the first sentence, 
                by striking ``prepare'' and all that follows 
                through ``a plan'' and inserting ``prepare, in 
                conjunction with the designated State entity, a 
                plan''; and
                  (B) in paragraph (3), by striking ``agency'' 
                and inserting ``entity''; and
          (4) in subsection (f)--
                  (A) by striking ``such resources'' and 
                inserting ``available resources''; and
                  (B) by striking ``(including'' and all that 
                follows through ``compensation'' and inserting 
                ``(such as personal assistance services), and 
                to pay reasonable compensation''.

SEC. 476. RESPONSIBILITIES OF THE ILA DIRECTOR.

  Section 706 (29 U.S.C. 796d-1) is amended--
          (1) by striking the title of the section and 
        inserting the following:

``SEC. 706. RESPONSIBILITIES OF THE ILA DIRECTOR.'';

          (2) in subsection (a)--
                  (A) in paragraph (1), by striking 
                ``Commissioner'' each place it appears and 
                inserting ``ILA Director''; and
                  (B) in paragraph (2)--
                          (i) in subparagraph (A), by striking 
                        ``Commissioner'' each place it appears 
                        and inserting ``ILA Director''; and
                          (ii) in subparagraph (B)--
                                  (I) in clause (i)--
                                          (aa) by striking 
                                        ``Secretary'' and 
                                        inserting ``Secretary 
                                        or the Commissioner''; 
                                        and
                                          (bb) by striking ``to 
                                        the Commissioner; and'' 
                                        and inserting ``to the 
                                        ILA Director;'';
                                  (II) by redesignating clause 
                                (ii) as clause (iii); and
                                  (III) by inserting after 
                                clause (i) the following:
                          ``(ii) to the State agency shall be 
                        deemed to be references to the 
                        designated State entity; and'';
          (3) by striking subsection (b) and inserting the 
        following:
  ``(b) Indicators.--Not later than 1 year after the date of 
enactment of the Workforce Investment Act of 2012, the ILA 
Director shall develop and publish in the Federal Register 
indicators of minimum compliance for centers for independent 
living (consistent with the standards set forth in section 
725), and indicators of minimum compliance for Statewide 
Independent Living Councils.'';
          (4) in subsection (c)--
                  (A) by striking paragraph (1) and inserting 
                the following:
          ``(1) Reviews.--
                  ``(A) Types of reviews.--The ILA Director 
                shall annually conduct--
                          ``(i) onsite compliance reviews of at 
                        least 15 percent of the centers for 
                        independent living that receive funds 
                        under section 722 and shall 
                        periodically conduct such a review of 
                        each such center;
                          ``(ii) onsite compliance reviews of 
                        at least one-third of the designated 
                        State units that receive funding under 
                        section 723, and, to the extent 
                        necessary to determine the compliance 
                        of such a State unit with subsections 
                        (f) and (g) of section 723, centers 
                        that receive funding under section 723 
                        in such State; and
                          ``(iii) onsite compliance reviews for 
                        at least 10 percent of the Statewide 
                        Independent Living Councils established 
                        in each State under section 705.
                  ``(B) Selections.--The ILA Director shall 
                select the centers, State units, and Councils 
                described in this paragraph for review on a 
                random basis.''; and
                  (B) in paragraph (2)--
                          (i) in the matter preceding 
                        subparagraph (A), by striking 
                        ``Commissioner'' and inserting ``ILA 
                        Director'';
                          (ii) in subparagraph (A), by striking 
                        ``such a review'' and inserting ``a 
                        review described in paragraph (1)''; 
                        and
                          (iii) in subparagraphs (A) and (B), 
                        by striking ``Department'' each place 
                        it appears and inserting ``Independent 
                        Living Administration''; and
          (5) by striking subsection (d).

                 CHAPTER 2--INDEPENDENT LIVING SERVICES


SEC. 477. ADMINISTRATION.

  (a) Allotments.--Section 711 (29 U.S.C. 796e) is amended--
          (1) in subsection (a)--
                  (A) in paragraph (1)(A)--
                          (i) by striking ``Except'' and 
                        inserting ``After the reservation 
                        required by section 711A is made, and 
                        except''; and
                          (ii) by inserting ``the remainder of 
                        the'' before ``sums appropriated''; and
                  (B) in paragraph (2)(B), by striking 
                ``amounts made available for purposes of this 
                part'' and inserting ``remainder described in 
                paragraph (1)(A)'';
          (2) in subsections (a), (b), and (c), by striking 
        ``Commissioner'' each place it appears and inserting 
        ``ILA Director''; and
          (3) by adding at the end the following:
  ``(d) Administration.--Funds allotted or made available to a 
State under this section shall be administered by the 
designated State entity, in accordance with the approved State 
plan, except for States covered by section 723.''.
  (b) Training and Technical Assistance.--Part B of title VII 
is amended by inserting after section 711 (29 U.S.C. 796e) the 
following:

``SEC. 711A. TRAINING AND TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE.

  ``(a) In General.--From the funds appropriated to carry out 
this part for any fiscal year, beginning with fiscal year 2012, 
the ILA Director shall first reserve not less than 1.8 percent 
and not more than 2 percent of the funds to provide training 
and technical assistance to Statewide Independent Living 
Councils for such fiscal year.
  ``(b) Allocation.--From the funds reserved under subsection 
(a), the ILA Director shall make grants to, and enter into 
contracts and other arrangements with, entities that have 
experience in the operation of Statewide Independent Living 
Councils to provide such training and technical assistance with 
respect to developing, conducting, administering, and 
evaluating Statewide Independent Living Councils.
  ``(c) Funding Priorities.--The ILA Director shall conduct a 
survey of Statewide Independent Living Councils regarding 
training and technical assistance needs in order to determine 
funding priorities for such grants, contracts, or other 
arrangements.
  ``(d) Review.--To be eligible to receive a grant or enter 
into a contract or other arrangement under this section, such 
an entity shall submit an application to the ILA Director at 
such time, in such manner, and containing a proposal to provide 
such training and technical assistance, and containing such 
additional information as the ILA Director may require. The ILA 
Director shall provide for peer review of grant applications by 
panels that include persons who are not government employees 
and who have experience in the operation of Statewide 
Independent Living Councils.''.
  (c) Payments.--Section 712(a) (29 U.S.C. 796e-1(a)) is 
amended by striking ``Commissioner'' and inserting ``ILA 
Director.''
  (d) Authorized Uses of Funds.--Section 713 (29 U.S.C. 796e-2) 
is amended--
          (1) by striking the matter preceding paragraph (1) 
        and inserting the following:
  ``(a) In General.--The State may use funds received under 
this part (but not more than 30 percent of the funds paid to 
the State under section 712) to provide the resources described 
in section 705(e), relating to the Statewide Independent Living 
Council, may retain funds under section 704(c)(5), and shall 
distribute the remainder of the funds received under this part 
in a manner consistent with the approved State plan under 
section 704 for the activities described in subsection (b).
  ``(b) Activities.--The State may use the remainder of the 
funds described in subsection (a)--''; and
          (2) in paragraph (1), by inserting ``, particularly 
        those in unserved areas of the State'' after 
        ``disabilities''.
  (e) Authorization of Appropriations.--Section 714 (29 U.S.C. 
796e-3) is amended by striking ``1999 through 2003'' and 
inserting ``2013 through 2017''.

               CHAPTER 3--CENTERS FOR INDEPENDENT LIVING


SEC. 481. PROGRAM AUTHORIZATION.

  Section 721 (29 U.S.C. 796f) is amended--
          (1) in subsection (a)--
                  (A) by striking ``1999'' and inserting 
                ``2012'';
                  (B) by striking ``Commissioner shall allot'' 
                and inserting ``ILA Director shall make 
                available''; and
                  (C) by inserting ``, centers for independent 
                living,'' after ``States'';
          (2) in subsection (b)--
                  (A) in paragraph (1)--
                          (i) by striking ``For'' and all that 
                        follows through ``Commissioner'' and 
                        inserting ``From the funds appropriated 
                        to carry out this part for any fiscal 
                        year, beginning with fiscal year 2012, 
                        the ILA Director'';
                          (ii) by inserting ``not less than 1.8 
                        percent and not more than 2 percent of 
                        the funds'' after ``reserve''; and
                          (iii) by striking ``eligible 
                        agencies'' and all that follows and 
                        inserting ``centers for independent 
                        living and eligible agencies for such 
                        fiscal year.'';
                  (B) in paragraph (2)--
                          (i) by striking ``Commissioner'' and 
                        inserting ``ILA Director''; and
                          (ii) by inserting ``fiscal management 
                        of,'' before ``planning,'';
                  (C) in paragraphs (3), (4), and (5), by 
                striking ``Commissioner'' each place it appears 
                and inserting ``ILA Director''; and
                  (D) in paragraph (3), by striking ``Statewide 
                Independent Living Councils and'';
          (3) by striking subsection (c) and inserting the 
        following:
  ``(c) Allotments to States.--
          ``(1) Definitions.--In this subsection:
                  ``(A) Additional appropriation.--The term 
                `additional appropriation' means the amount (if 
                any) by which the appropriation for a fiscal 
                year exceeds the total of--
                          ``(i) the amount reserved under 
                        subsection (b) for that fiscal year; 
                        and
                          ``(ii) the appropriation for fiscal 
                        year 2008.
                  ``(B) Appropriation.--The term 
                `appropriation' means the amount appropriated 
                to carry out this part.
                  ``(C) Base appropriation.--The term `base 
                appropriation' means the portion of the 
                appropriation for a fiscal year that is equal 
                to the lesser of--
                          ``(i) an amount equal to 100 percent 
                        of the appropriation, minus the amount 
                        reserved under subsection (b) for that 
                        fiscal year; or
                          ``(ii) the appropriation for fiscal 
                        year 2008.
          ``(2) Allotments to states from base appropriation.--
        After the reservation required by subsection (b) has 
        been made, the ILA Director shall allot to each State 
        whose State plan has been approved under section 706 an 
        amount that bears the same ratio to the base 
        appropriation as the amount the State received under 
        this subsection for fiscal year 2008 bears to the total 
        amount that all States received under this subsection 
        for fiscal year 2008.
          ``(3) Allotments to states of additional 
        appropriation.--From the portion of any additional 
        appropriation for each fiscal year that remains after 
        the application of paragraph (4), the ILA Director 
        shall allot to each State whose State plan has been 
        approved under section 706 an amount equal to the sum 
        of--
                  ``(A) an amount that bears the same ratio to 
                50 percent of the portion as the population of 
                the State bears to the population of all 
                States; and
                  ``(B) \1/56\ of 50 percent of that portion.
          ``(4) Grants for centers for american indians.--
                  ``(A) Grants.--The ILA Director may reserve 
                not more than 5 percent of the additional 
                appropriation for any fiscal year. The ILA 
                Director shall use the reserved funds to make 
                individual grants to support new or existing 
                centers for independent living run by, or in 
                conjunction with, the governing bodies of 
                American Indian tribes located on Federal or 
                State reservations (including consortia of such 
                governing bodies). A governing body that 
                receives such a grant shall use the grant funds 
                for such a center that serves American Indians 
                who are individuals with disabilities residing 
                on or near such a reservation.
                  ``(B) Applications.--
                          ``(i) In general.--To be eligible to 
                        receive a grant under this paragraph 
                        for an independent living center, a 
                        governing body, or a governing body in 
                        conjunction with a center for 
                        independent living, shall submit an 
                        application to the ILA Director at such 
                        time, in such manner and containing 
                        such information as the ILA Director 
                        may require, and obtain approval for 
                        the application.
                          ``(ii) Contents.--At a minimum, the 
                        application shall contain an assurance 
                        that the center--
                                  ``(I) will meet the 
                                definition of a center for 
                                independent living under 
                                section 702;
                                  ``(II) will provide 
                                independent living core 
                                services (as defined in section 
                                7(17)) to American Indians 
                                described in subparagraph (A) 
                                and, in appropriate cases, may 
                                provide to such American 
                                Indians services traditionally 
                                used by Indian tribes;
                                  ``(III) will have sufficient 
                                staff to provide the services 
                                described in subclause (II); 
                                and
                                  ``(IV) will comply with the 
                                standards and provide and 
                                comply with the assurances for 
                                centers for independent living 
                                under section 725.
                  ``(C) Carryover authority.--Notwithstanding 
                any other provision of law, any funds provided 
                through a grant made under subparagraph (A) to 
                an individual grant recipient for a fiscal year 
                that are not obligated or expended by the 
                recipient prior to the beginning of the 
                succeeding fiscal year shall remain available 
                for obligation and expenditure by such 
                recipient during that succeeding fiscal year 
                and the subsequent fiscal year.
                  ``(D) Reservation.--In this paragraph, the 
                term `reservation' has the meaning given the 
                term in section 121(d).'';
          (4) in subsection (d), by striking ``Commissioner'' 
        each place it appears and inserting ``ILA Director''; 
        and
          (5) by adding at the end the following:
  ``(e) Carryover Authority.--Notwithstanding any other 
provision of law--
          ``(1) any funds appropriated for a fiscal year to 
        carry out a grant program under section 722 or 723, 
        that are not obligated and expended by the recipients 
        prior to the beginning of the succeeding fiscal year 
        shall remain available for obligation and expenditure 
        by such recipients during that succeeding fiscal year 
        and the subsequent fiscal year; and
          ``(2) any amounts of program income received by 
        recipients under a grant program under section 722 or 
        723 in a fiscal year, that are not obligated and 
        expended by the recipients prior to the beginning of 
        the succeeding fiscal year, shall remain available for 
        obligation and expenditure by such recipients during 
        that succeeding fiscal year and the subsequent fiscal 
        year.''.

SEC. 482. CENTERS.

  (a) Centers in States in Which Federal Funding Exceeds State 
Funding.--Section 722 (29 U.S.C. 796f-1) is amended--
          (1) in subsections (a), (b), and (c), by striking 
        ``Commissioner'' each place it appears and inserting 
        ``ILA Director'';
          (2) in subsection (c)--
                  (A) by striking ``grants'' and inserting 
                ``grants for a fiscal year''; and
                  (B) by striking ``by September 30, 1997'' and 
                inserting ``for the preceding fiscal year'';
          (3) in subsection (d)--
                  (A) in paragraph (1)--
                          (i) by striking ``Commissioner'' and 
                        inserting ``ILA Director''; and
                          (ii) by striking ``region, 
                        consistent'' and all that follows and 
                        inserting ``region. The ILA Director's 
                        determination of the most qualified 
                        applicant shall be consistent with the 
                        provisions in the State plan setting 
                        forth the design of the State for 
                        establishing a statewide network of 
                        centers for independent living.''; and
                  (B) in paragraph (2)--
                          (i) in the matter preceding 
                        subparagraph (A), by striking 
                        ``Commissioner'' and inserting ``ILA 
                        Director''; and
                          (ii) by striking subparagraph (A) and 
                        inserting the following:
                  ``(A) shall consider comments regarding the 
                application--
                          ``(i) by individuals with 
                        disabilities and other interested 
                        parties within the new region proposed 
                        to be served;
                          ``(ii) if any, by the Statewide 
                        Independent Living Council in the State 
                        in which the applicant is located;''; 
                        and
                          (iii) in subparagraph (C), by 
                        inserting ``, and consistent with the 
                        other objectives of this title'' before 
                        the period; and
          (4) in subsections (e) and (g) by striking 
        ``Commissioner'' each place it appears and inserting 
        ``ILA Director.''.
  (b) Centers in States in Which State Funding Exceeds Federal 
Funding.--Section 723 (29 U.S.C. 796f-2) is amended--
          (1) in subsections (a), (b), (g), (h), and (i), by 
        striking ``Commissioner'' each place it appears and 
        inserting ``ILA Director'';
          (2) in subsection (a), in the header of paragraph 
        (3), by striking ``commissioner'' and inserting ``ILA 
        director''; and
          (3) in subsection (c)--
                  (A) by striking ``grants'' and inserting 
                ``grants for a fiscal year''; and
                  (B) by striking ``by September 30, 1997'' and 
                inserting ``for the preceding fiscal year''.
  (c) Centers Operated by State Agencies.--Section 724 (29 
U.S.C. 796f-3) is amended--
          (1) in the matter preceding paragraph (1)--
                  (A) by striking ``1993'' and inserting 
                ``2012'';
                  (B) by striking ``Rehabilitation Act 
                Amendments of 1998'' and inserting ``Workforce 
                Investment Act of 2012''; and
                  (C) by striking ``1994'' and inserting 
                ``2012''; and
          (2) by striking ``Commissioner'' each place it 
        appears and inserting ``ILA Director''.

SEC. 483. STANDARDS AND ASSURANCES.

  Section 725 (29 U.S.C. 796f-4) is amended--
          (1) in subsection (b)--
                  (A) in paragraph (1)(D), by striking ``to 
                society'' and inserting ``, both within the 
                community and throughout the United States,''; 
                and
                  (B) in paragraph (5)--
                          (i) by inserting ``(as defined in 
                        section 7(17))'' after ``core 
                        services''; and
                          (ii) by inserting before the period 
                        the following: ``to eligible 
                        individuals, to promote full access to 
                        community life''; and
          (2) in subsection (c), by striking ``Commissioner'' 
        each place it appears and inserting ``ILA Director''.

SEC. 484. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

  Section 727 (29 U.S.C. 796f-6) is amended by striking 
``fiscal years 1999 through 2003'' and inserting ``fiscal years 
2013 through 2017''.

 CHAPTER 4--INDEPENDENT LIVING SERVICES FOR OLDER INDIVIDUALS WHO ARE 
                                 BLIND


SEC. 486. INDEPENDENT LIVING SERVICES FOR OLDER INDIVIDUALS WHO ARE 
                    BLIND.

  Chapter 2 of title VII of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 (29 
U.S.C. 796j et seq.) is amended--
          (1) by redesignating sections 752 and 753 as sections 
        753 and 754, respectively; and
          (2) by inserting after section 751 the following:

``SEC. 752. TRAINING AND TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE.

  ``(a) Grants; Contracts; Other Arrangements.--For any fiscal 
year for which the funds appropriated to carry out this chapter 
exceed the funds appropriated to carry out this chapter for 
fiscal year 2008, the Commissioner shall first reserve from 
such excess, to provide training and technical assistance to 
designated State agencies, or other providers of independent 
living services for older individuals who are blind, that are 
funded under this chapter for such fiscal year, not less than 
1.8 percent, and not more than 2 percent, of the funds 
appropriated to carry out this chapter for the fiscal year 
involved.
  ``(b) Allocation.--From the funds reserved under subsection 
(a), the Commissioner shall make grants to, and enter into 
contracts and other arrangements with, entities that 
demonstrate expertise in the provision of services to older 
individuals who are blind, to provide training and technical 
assistance with respect to planning, developing, conducting, 
administering, and evaluating independent living programs for 
older individuals who are blind.
  ``(c) Funding Priorities.--The Commissioner shall conduct a 
survey of designated State agencies that receive grants under 
section 753 regarding training and technical assistance needs 
in order to determine funding priorities for grants, contracts, 
and other arrangements under this section.
  ``(d) Application.--To be eligible to receive a grant or 
enter into a contract or other arrangement under this section, 
an entity shall submit an application to the Commissioner at 
such time, in such manner, containing a proposal to provide 
such training and technical assistance, and containing such 
additional information as the Commissioner may require.
  ``(e) Prohibition on Combined Funds.--No funds reserved by 
the Commissioner under this section may be combined with funds 
appropriated under any other Act or portion of this Act if the 
purpose of combining funds is to make a single discretionary 
grant or a single discretionary payment, unless such reserved 
funds are separately identified in the agreement for such grant 
or payment and are used for the purposes of this chapter.''.

SEC. 487. PROGRAM OF GRANTS.

  Section 753 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 (29 U.S.C. 
796k), as redesignated by section 586, is amended--
          (1) by striking subsection (h);
          (2) by redesignating subsections (i) and (j) as 
        subsections (h) and (i), respectively;
          (3) in subsection (b), by striking ``section 753'' 
        and inserting ``section 754'';
          (4) in subsection (c)--
                  (A) in paragraph (1), by striking ``section 
                753'' and inserting ``section 754''; and
                  (B) in paragraph (2)--
                          (i) by striking ``subsection (j)'' 
                        and inserting ``subsection (i)''; and
                          (ii) by striking ``subsection (i)'' 
                        and inserting ``subsection (h)'';
          (5) in subsection (g), by inserting ``, or contracts 
        with,'' after ``grants to'';
          (6) in subsection (h), as redesignated by paragraph 
        (2)--
                  (A) in paragraph (1), by striking 
                ``subsection (j)(4)'' and inserting 
                ``subsection (i)(4)''; and
                  (B) in paragraph (2)--
                          (i) in subparagraph (A)(vi), by 
                        adding ``and'' after the semicolon;
                          (ii) in subparagraph (B)(ii)(III), by 
                        striking ``; and'' and inserting a 
                        period; and
                          (iii) by striking subparagraph (C); 
                        and
          (7) in subsection (i), as redesignated by paragraph 
        (2)--
                  (A) by striking paragraph (2) and inserting 
                the following:
          ``(2) Minimum allotment.--
                  ``(A) States.--In the case of any of the 
                several States, the District of Columbia, or 
                the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, the amount 
                referred to in paragraph (1)(A) for a fiscal 
                year is the greater of--
                          ``(i) $350,000;
                          ``(ii) an amount equal to the amount 
                        the State, the District of Columbia, or 
                        the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico 
                        received to carry out this chapter for 
                        fiscal year 2008; or
                          ``(iii) an amount equal to \1/3\ of 1 
                        percent of the amount appropriated 
                        under section 754, and not reserved 
                        under section 752, for the fiscal year 
                        and available for allotments under 
                        subsection (a).
                  ``(B) Certain territories.--In the case of 
                Guam, American Samoa, the United States Virgin 
                Islands, or the Commonwealth of the Northern 
                Mariana Islands, the amount referred to in 
                paragraph (1)(A) for a fiscal year is 
                $60,000.'';
                  (B) in paragraph (3)(A), by striking 
                ``section 753'' and inserting ``section 754, 
                and not reserved under section 752,''; and
                  (C) in paragraph (4)(B)(i), by striking 
                ``subsection (i)'' and inserting ``subsection 
                (h)''.

SEC. 488. INDEPENDENT LIVING SERVICES FOR OLDER INDIVIDUALS WHO ARE 
                    BLIND AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

  Section 754 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 (29 U.S.C. 
796l), as redesignated by section 586, is amended by striking 
``fiscal years 1999 through 2003'' and inserting ``fiscal years 
2013 through 2017''.

 Subtitle I--Increasing Employment Opportunities for Individuals With 
                              Disabilities

SEC. 491. DISABILITY EMPLOYMENT.

  The Rehabilitation Act of 1973 (29 U.S.C. 701 et seq.) is 
amended by adding at the end the following:

``TITLE VIII--INCREASING EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITIES FOR INDIVIDUALS WITH 
                              DISABILITIES

``SEC. 801. PUBLIC EDUCATION CAMPAIGNS ABOUT HIRING INDIVIDUALS WITH 
                    DISABILITIES.

  ``(a) In General.--Not later than 120 days after the date of 
enactment of the Workforce Investment Act of 2012, the 
Secretary of Labor, acting through the Assistant Secretary and 
in coordination with the Commissioner of the Rehabilitation 
Services Administration, the Commissioner of Social Security, 
the Commissioner of the Internal Revenue Service, and the heads 
of other relevant Federal agencies and divisions of Federal 
agencies, shall develop and carry out public education 
campaigns that educate employers (including small businesses), 
employees (including individuals with disabilities), and 
members of the general public (including young adults) on the 
benefits of hiring individuals with disabilities. The public 
education campaign for employers (including small businesses) 
shall include information on--
          ``(1) the work opportunity credit under section 51 of 
        the Internal Revenue Code of 1986; and
          ``(2) tax incentives available to businesses to help 
        cover the cost of improving accessibility, including--
                  ``(A) the disabled access credit under 
                section 44 of the Internal Revenue Code of 
                1986; and
                  ``(B) the tax deduction available under 
                section 190 of the Internal Revenue Code of 
                1986, for expenses for architectural barrier 
                removal.
  ``(b) Educational Materials.--The public education campaigns 
described in subsection (a) shall include, as necessary, 
different educational materials in order to adequately target 
and educate, small businesses, employers generally, employees, 
and members of the general public, including educational 
materials on work incentives that may assist individuals with 
disabilities in leaving programs of public benefits, entering 
the workforce, advancing their economic status, and 
contributing to and participating more fully in their 
communities.''.

SEC. 492. TABLE OF CONTENTS.

  The table of contents in section 1(b) is amended--
          (1) by striking the item relating to section 109 and 
        inserting the following:

``Sec. 109. Training and services for employers.'';

          (2) by inserting after the item relating to section 
        112 the following:

``Sec. 113. Additional technical assistance.
``Sec. 114. Pre-employment transition services.'';

          (3) by inserting after the item relating to section 
        205 the following:

``Sec. 206. Definition of covered school.'';

          (4) by inserting after the item relating to section 
        509 the following:

``Sec. 510. Establishment of standards for accessible medical diagnostic 
          equipment.'';

          (5) by striking the items relating to part B of title 
        VI and inserting the following:

                 ``Part B--Supported Employment Services

``Sec. 620. Authorization of appropriations.'';

          (6) in the items relating to title VII--
                  (A)(i) by inserting after the item relating 
                to section 701 the following:

``Sec. 701A. Independent Living Administration.'';

                and
                  (ii) by striking the item relating to section 
                706 and inserting the following:

``Sec. 706. Responsibilities of the ILA Director.'';

                  (B) by inserting after the item relating to 
                section 711 the following:

``Sec. 711A. Training and technical assistance.'';

                and
                  (C) by striking the items relating to 
                sections 752 and 753 and inserting the 
                following:

``Sec. 752. Training and technical assistance.
``Sec. 753. Program of grants.
``Sec. 754. Authorization of appropriations.'';

                and
          (7) by adding at the end the following:

 ``TITLE VIII--INCREASING EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITIES FOR INDIVIDUALS WITH 
                              DISABILITIES

``Sec. 801. Public education campaigns about hiring individuals with 
          disabilities.''.