H. Rept. 113-333 - 113th Congress (2013-2014)

Report text available as:

Formatting necessary for an accurate reading of this legislative text may be shown by tags (e.g., <DELETED> or <BOLD>) or may be missing from this TXT display. For complete and accurate display of this text, see the PDF.


House Report 113-333 - AGRICULTURAL ACT OF 2014

[House Report 113-333]
[From the U.S. Government Publishing Office]


113th Congress  }                                            {   Report
  2d Session    }        HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES            {  113-333
_______________________________________________________________________

 
                        AGRICULTURAL ACT OF 2014 


                               __________


                           CONFERENCE REPORT

                              to accompany

                               H.R. 2642

              [GRAPHIC(S) NOT AVAILABLE IN TIFF FORMAT]

                January 27, 2014.--Ordered to be printed


                               ----------

                         U.S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE 

86-435                           WASHINGTON : 2014



                        AGRICULTURAL ACT OF 2014



113th Congress }                                             {   Report
  2d Session   }       HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES              {  113-333
_______________________________________________________________________



                        AGRICULTURAL ACT OF 2014


                               ----------                              


                           CONFERENCE REPORT

                              to accompany

                               H.R. 2642

                [GRAPHIC(S) NOT AVAILABLE IN TIFF FORMAT]

                January 27, 2014.--Ordered to be printed



113th Congress  }                                            {   Report
  2d Session    }        HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES            {  113-333

=======================================================================



                        AGRICULTURAL ACT OF 2014

                                _______
                                

                January 27, 2014.--Ordered to be printed

                                _______
                                

  Mr. Lucas, from the committee on conference, submitted the following

                           CONFERENCE REPORT

                        [To accompany H.R. 2642]

      The committee of conference on the disagreeing votes of 
the two Houses on the amendment of the House to the amendment 
of the Senate to the bill (H.R. 2642), to provide for the 
reform and continuation of agricultural and other programs of 
the Department of Agriculture through fiscal year 2018, and for 
other purposes, having met, after full and free conference, 
have agreed to recommend and do recommend to their respective 
Houses as follows:
      That the House recede from its amendment to the amendment 
of the Senate and agree to the same with an amendment as 
follows:
      In lieu of the matter proposed to be inserted by the 
Senate amendment, insert the following:

SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE; TABLE OF CONTENTS.

    (a) Short Title.--This Act may be cited as the 
``Agricultural Act of 2014''.
    (b) Table of Contents.--The table of contents of this Act 
is as follows:

Sec. 1. Short title; table of contents.
Sec. 2. Definition of Secretary of Agriculture.

                          TITLE I--COMMODITIES

                     Subtitle A--Repeals and Reforms

                             Part I--Repeals

Sec. 1101. Repeal of direct payments.
Sec. 1102. Repeal of counter-cyclical payments.
Sec. 1103. Repeal of average crop revenue election program.

                        Part II--Commodity Policy

Sec. 1111. Definitions.
Sec. 1112. Base acres.
Sec. 1113. Payment yields.
Sec. 1114. Payment acres.
Sec. 1115. Producer election.
Sec. 1116. Price loss coverage.
Sec. 1117. Agriculture risk coverage.
Sec. 1118. Producer agreements.
Sec. 1119. Transition assistance for producers of upland cotton.

                       Subtitle B--Marketing Loans

Sec. 1201. Availability of nonrecourse marketing assistance loans for 
          loan commodities.
Sec. 1202. Loan rates for nonrecourse marketing assistance loans.
Sec. 1203. Term of loans.
Sec. 1204. Repayment of loans.
Sec. 1205. Loan deficiency payments.
Sec. 1206. Payments in lieu of loan deficiency payments for grazed 
          acreage.
Sec. 1207. Special marketing loan provisions for upland cotton.
Sec. 1208. Special competitive provisions for extra long staple cotton.
Sec. 1209. Availability of recourse loans for high moisture feed grains 
          and seed cotton.
Sec. 1210. Adjustments of loans.

                            Subtitle C--Sugar

Sec. 1301. Sugar policy.

                            Subtitle D--Dairy

          Part I--Margin Protection Program for Dairy Producers

Sec. 1401. Definitions.
Sec. 1402. Calculation of average feed cost and actual dairy production 
          margins.
Sec. 1403. Establishment of margin protection program for dairy 
          producers.
Sec. 1404. Participation of dairy operations in margin protection 
          program.
Sec. 1405. Production history of participating dairy operations.
Sec. 1406. Margin protection payments.
Sec. 1407. Premiums for margin protection program.
Sec. 1408. Effect of failure to pay administrative fees or premiums.
Sec. 1409. Duration.
Sec. 1410. Administration and enforcement.

  Part II--Repeal or Reauthorization of Other Dairy-Related Provisions

Sec. 1421. Repeal of dairy product price support program.
Sec. 1422. Temporary continuation and eventual repeal of milk income 
          loss contract program.
Sec. 1423. Repeal of dairy export incentive program.
Sec. 1424. Extension of dairy forward pricing program.
Sec. 1425. Extension of dairy indemnity program.
Sec. 1426. Extension of dairy promotion and research program.
Sec. 1427. Repeal of Federal Milk Marketing Order Review Commission.

                Part III--Dairy Product Donation Program

Sec. 1431. Dairy product donation program.

   Subtitle E--Supplemental Agricultural Disaster Assistance Programs

Sec. 1501. Supplemental agricultural disaster assistance.

                       Subtitle F--Administration

Sec. 1601. Administration generally.
Sec. 1602. Suspension of permanent price support authority.
Sec. 1603. Payment limitations.
Sec. 1604. Rulemaking related to significant contribution for active 
          personal management.
Sec. 1605. Adjusted gross income limitation.
Sec. 1606. Geographically disadvantaged farmers and ranchers.
Sec. 1607. Personal liability of producers for deficiencies.
Sec. 1608. Prevention of deceased individuals receiving payments under 
          farm commodity programs.
Sec. 1609. Technical corrections.
Sec. 1610. Appeals.
Sec. 1611. Assignment of payments.
Sec. 1612. Tracking of benefits.
Sec. 1613. Signature authority.
Sec. 1614. Implementation.
Sec. 1615. Research option.

                         TITLE II--CONSERVATION

                Subtitle A--Conservation Reserve Program

Sec. 2001. Extension and enrollment requirements of conservation reserve 
          program.
Sec. 2002. Farmable wetland program.
Sec. 2003. Duties of owners and operators.
Sec. 2004. Duties of the Secretary.
Sec. 2005. Payments.
Sec. 2006. Contract requirements.
Sec. 2007. Conversion of land subject to contract to other conserving 
          uses.
Sec. 2008. Effect on existing contracts.

              Subtitle B--Conservation Stewardship Program

Sec. 2101. Conservation stewardship program.

          Subtitle C--Environmental Quality Incentives Program

Sec. 2201. Purposes.
Sec. 2202. Definitions.
Sec. 2203. Establishment and administration.
Sec. 2204. Evaluation of applications.
Sec. 2205. Duties of producers.
Sec. 2206. Limitation on payments.
Sec. 2207. Conservation innovation grants and payments.
Sec. 2208. Effect on existing contracts.

         Subtitle D--Agricultural Conservation Easement Program

Sec. 2301. Agricultural conservation easement program.

          Subtitle E--Regional Conservation Partnership Program

Sec. 2401. Regional conservation partnership program.

                 Subtitle F--Other Conservation Programs

Sec. 2501. Conservation of private grazing land.
Sec. 2502. Grassroots source water protection program.
Sec. 2503. Voluntary public access and habitat incentive program.
Sec. 2504. Agriculture conservation experienced services program.
Sec. 2505. Small watershed rehabilitation program.
Sec. 2506. Emergency watershed protection program.
Sec. 2507. Terminal Lakes.
Sec. 2508. Soil and Water Resources Conservation.

                 Subtitle G--Funding and Administration

Sec. 2601. Funding.
Sec. 2602. Technical assistance.
Sec. 2603. Regional equity.
Sec. 2604. Reservation of funds to provide assistance to certain farmers 
          or ranchers for conservation access.
Sec. 2605. Annual report on program enrollments and assistance.
Sec. 2606. Administrative requirements applicable to all conservation 
          programs.
Sec. 2607. Standards for State technical committees.
Sec. 2608. Rulemaking authority.
Sec. 2609. Wetlands mitigation.
Sec. 2610. Lesser prairie-chicken conservation report.
Sec. 2611. Highly erodible land and wetland conservation for crop 
          insurance.

 Subtitle H--Repeal of Superseded Program Authorities and Transitional 
                    Provisions; Technical Amendments

Sec. 2701. Comprehensive conservation enhancement program.
Sec. 2702. Emergency forestry conservation reserve program.
Sec. 2703. Wetlands reserve program.
Sec. 2704. Farmland protection program and farm viability program.
Sec. 2705. Grassland reserve program.
Sec. 2706. Agricultural water enhancement program.
Sec. 2707. Wildlife habitat incentive program.
Sec. 2708. Great Lakes basin program.
Sec. 2709. Chesapeake Bay watershed program.
Sec. 2710. Cooperative conservation partnership initiative.
Sec. 2711. Environmental easement program.
Sec. 2712. Temporary administration of conservation programs.
Sec. 2713. Technical amendments.

                            TITLE III--TRADE

                     Subtitle A--Food for Peace Act

Sec. 3001. General authority.
Sec. 3002. Set-aside for support for organizations through which 
          nonemergency assistance is provided.
Sec. 3003. Food aid quality.
Sec. 3004. Minimum levels of assistance.
Sec. 3005. Food Aid Consultative Group.
Sec. 3006. Oversight, monitoring, and evaluation.
Sec. 3007. Assistance for stockpiling and rapid transportation, 
          delivery, and distribution of shelf-stable prepackaged foods.
Sec. 3008. Impact on local farmers and economy and report on use of 
          funds.
Sec. 3009. Prepositioning of agricultural commodities.
Sec. 3010. Annual report regarding food aid programs and activities.
Sec. 3011. Deadline for agreements to finance sales or to provide other 
          assistance.
Sec. 3012. Minimum level of nonemergency food assistance.
Sec. 3013. Micronutrient fortification programs.
Sec. 3014. John Ogonowski and Doug Bereuter Farmer-to-Farmer Program.
Sec. 3015. Coordination of foreign assistance programs report.

               Subtitle B--Agricultural Trade Act of 1978

Sec. 3101. Export credit guarantee program.
Sec. 3102. Funding for market access program.
Sec. 3103. Foreign market development cooperator program.

                Subtitle C--Other Agricultural Trade Laws

Sec. 3201. Food for Progress Act of 1985.
Sec. 3202. Bill Emerson Humanitarian Trust Act.
Sec. 3203. Promotion of agricultural exports to emerging markets.
Sec. 3204. McGovern-Dole International Food for Education and Child 
          Nutrition Program.
Sec. 3205. Technical assistance for specialty crops.
Sec. 3206. Global Crop Diversity Trust.
Sec. 3207. Local and regional food aid procurement projects.
Sec. 3208. Under Secretary of Agriculture for Trade and Foreign 
          Agricultural Affairs.

                           TITLE IV--NUTRITION

          Subtitle A--Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program

Sec. 4001. Preventing payment of cash to recipients of supplemental 
          nutrition assistance benefits for the return of empty bottles 
          and cans used to contain food purchased with benefits provided 
          under the program.
Sec. 4002. Retail food stores.
Sec. 4003. Enhancing services to elderly and disabled supplemental 
          nutrition assistance program participants.
Sec. 4004. Food distribution program on Indian reservations.
Sec. 4005. Exclusion of medical marijuana from excess medical expense 
          deduction.
Sec. 4006. Standard utility allowances based on the receipt of energy 
          assistance payments.
Sec. 4007. Eligibility disqualifications.
Sec. 4008. Eligibility disqualifications for certain convicted felons.
Sec. 4009. Ending supplemental nutrition assistance program benefits for 
          lottery or gambling winners.
Sec. 4010. Improving security of food assistance.
Sec. 4011. Technology modernization for retail food stores.
Sec. 4012. Use of benefits for purchase of community-supported 
          agriculture share.
Sec. 4013. Improved wage verification using the National Directory of 
          New Hires.
Sec. 4014. Restaurant meals program.
Sec. 4015. Mandating State immigration verification.
Sec. 4016. Data exchange standardization for improved interoperability.
Sec. 4017. Pilot projects to improve Federal-State cooperation in 
          identifying and reducing fraud in the supplemental nutrition 
          assistance program.
Sec. 4018. Prohibiting government-sponsored recruitment activities.
Sec. 4019. Tolerance level for excluding small errors.
Sec. 4020. Quality control standards.
Sec. 4021. Performance bonus payments.
Sec. 4022. Pilot projects to reduce dependency and increase work 
          requirements and work effort under supplemental nutrition 
          assistance program.
Sec. 4023. Cooperation with program research and evaluation.
Sec. 4024. Authorization of appropriations.
Sec. 4025. Review, report, and regulation of cash nutrition assistance 
          program benefits provided in Puerto Rico.
Sec. 4026. Assistance for community food projects.
Sec. 4027. Emergency food assistance.
Sec. 4028. Nutrition education.
Sec. 4029. Retail food store and recipient trafficking.
Sec. 4030. Technical and conforming amendments.
Sec. 4031. Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands pilot program.
Sec. 4032. Annual State report on verification of SNAP participation.
Sec. 4033. Service of traditional foods in public facilities.

               Subtitle B--Commodity Distribution Programs

Sec. 4101. Commodity distribution program.
Sec. 4102. Commodity supplemental food program.
Sec. 4103. Distribution of surplus commodities to special nutrition 
          projects.
Sec. 4104. Processing of commodities.

                        Subtitle C--Miscellaneous

Sec. 4201. Purchase of fresh fruits and vegetables for distribution to 
          schools and service institutions.
Sec. 4202. Pilot project for procurement of unprocessed fruits and 
          vegetables.
Sec. 4203. Seniors farmers' market nutrition program.
Sec. 4204. Dietary Guidelines for Americans.
Sec. 4205. Multiagency task force.
Sec. 4206. Healthy Food Financing Initiative.
Sec. 4207. Purchase of Halal and Kosher food for emergency food 
          assistance program.
Sec. 4208. Food insecurity nutrition incentive.
Sec. 4209. Food and agriculture service learning program.
Sec. 4210. Nutrition information and awareness pilot program.
Sec. 4211. Termination of existing agreement.
Sec. 4212. Review of sole-source contracts in Federal nutrition 
          programs.
Sec. 4213. Pulse crop products.
Sec. 4214. Pilot project for canned, frozen, or dried fruits and 
          vegetables.

                             TITLE V--CREDIT

                    Subtitle A--Farm Ownership Loans

Sec. 5001. Eligibility for farm ownership loans.
Sec. 5002. Conservation loan and loan guarantee program.
Sec. 5003. Joint financing arrangements.
Sec. 5004. Elimination of mineral rights appraisal requirement.
Sec. 5005. Down payment loan program.

                       Subtitle B--Operating Loans

Sec. 5101. Eligibility for farm operating loans.
Sec. 5102. Elimination of rural residency requirement for operating 
          loans to youth.
Sec. 5103. Defaults by youth loan borrowers.
Sec. 5104. Term limits on direct operating loans.
Sec. 5105. Valuation of local or regional crops.
Sec. 5106. Microloans.
Sec. 5107. Term limits on guaranteed operating loans.

                       Subtitle C--Emergency Loans

Sec. 5201. Eligibility for emergency loans.

                  Subtitle D--Administrative Provisions

Sec. 5301. Beginning farmer and rancher individual development accounts 
          pilot program.
Sec. 5302. Farmer loan pilot projects.
Sec. 5303. Definition of qualified beginning farmer or rancher.
Sec. 5304. Loan authorization levels.
Sec. 5305. Loan fund set-asides.
Sec. 5306. Borrower training.

                        Subtitle E--Miscellaneous

Sec. 5401. State agricultural mediation programs.
Sec. 5402. Loans to purchasers of highly fractionated land.
Sec. 5403. Removal of duplicative appraisals.
Sec. 5404. Compensation disclosure by Farm Credit System institutions.

                       TITLE VI--RURAL DEVELOPMENT

         Subtitle A--Consolidated Farm and Rural Development Act

Sec. 6001. Water, waste disposal, and wastewater facility grants.
Sec. 6002. Elimination of reservation of community facilities grant 
          program funds.
Sec. 6003. Rural water and wastewater circuit rider program.
Sec. 6004. Use of loan guarantees for community facilities.
Sec. 6005. Tribal college and university essential community facilities.
Sec. 6006. Essential community facilities technical assistance and 
          training.
Sec. 6007. Emergency and imminent community water assistance grant 
          program.
Sec. 6008. Water systems for rural and native villages in Alaska.
Sec. 6009. Household water well systems.
Sec. 6010. Rural business and industry loan program.
Sec. 6011. Solid waste management grants.
Sec. 6012. Rural business development grants.
Sec. 6013. Rural cooperative development grants.
Sec. 6014. Locally or regionally produced agricultural food products.
Sec. 6015. Appropriate technology transfer for rural areas program.
Sec. 6016. Rural economic area partnership zones.
Sec. 6017. Intermediary relending program.
Sec. 6018. Rural college coordinated strategy.
Sec. 6019. Rural water and waste disposal infrastructure.
Sec. 6020. Simplified applications.
Sec. 6021. National Rural Development Partnership.
Sec. 6022. Grants for NOAA weather radio transmitters.
Sec. 6023. Rural microentrepreneur assistance program.
Sec. 6024. Health care services.
Sec. 6025. Strategic economic and community development.
Sec. 6026. Delta Regional Authority.
Sec. 6027. Northern Great Plains Regional Authority.
Sec. 6028. Rural business investment program.

              Subtitle B--Rural Electrification Act of 1936

Sec. 6101. Fees for certain loan guarantees.
Sec. 6102. Guarantees for bonds and notes issued for electrification or 
          telephone purposes.
Sec. 6103. Expansion of 911 access.
Sec. 6104. Access to broadband telecommunications services in rural 
          areas.
Sec. 6105. Rural Gigabit Network Pilot Program.

                        Subtitle C--Miscellaneous

Sec. 6201. Distance learning and telemedicine.
Sec. 6202. Agricultural transportation.
Sec. 6203. Value-added agricultural product market development grants.
Sec. 6204. Agriculture innovation center demonstration program.
Sec. 6205. Rural energy savings program.
Sec. 6206. Study of rural transportation issues.
Sec. 6207. Regional economic and infrastructure development.
Sec. 6208. Definition of rural area for purposes of the Housing Act of 
          1949.
Sec. 6209. Program metrics.
Sec. 6210. Funding of pending rural development loan and grant 
          applications.

           TITLE VII--RESEARCH, EXTENSION, AND RELATED MATTERS

  Subtitle A--National Agricultural Research, Extension, and Teaching 
                           Policy Act of 1977

Sec. 7101. Option to be included as non-land-grant college of 
          agriculture.
Sec. 7102. National Agricultural Research, Extension, Education, and 
          Economics Advisory Board.
Sec. 7103. Specialty crop committee.
Sec. 7104. Veterinary services grant program.
Sec. 7105. Grants and fellowships for food and agriculture sciences 
          education.
Sec. 7106. Agricultural and food policy research centers.
Sec. 7107. Education grants to Alaska Native serving institutions and 
          Native Hawaiian serving institutions.
Sec. 7108. Repeal of human nutrition intervention and health promotion 
          research program.
Sec. 7109. Repeal of pilot research program to combine medical and 
          agricultural research.
Sec. 7110. Nutrition education program.
Sec. 7111. Continuing animal health and disease research programs.
Sec. 7112. Grants to upgrade agricultural and food sciences facilities 
          at 1890 land-grant colleges, including Tuskegee University.
Sec. 7113. Grants to upgrade agriculture and food science facilities and 
          equipment at insular area land-grant institutions.
Sec. 7114. Repeal of national research and training virtual centers.
Sec. 7115. Hispanic-serving institutions.
Sec. 7116. Competitive Grants Program for Hispanic Agricultural Workers 
          and Youth.
Sec. 7117. Competitive grants for international agricultural science and 
          education programs.
Sec. 7118. Repeal of research equipment grants.
Sec. 7119. University research.
Sec. 7120. Extension service.
Sec. 7121. Auditing, reporting, bookkeeping, and administrative 
          requirements.
Sec. 7122. Supplemental and alternative crops.
Sec. 7123. Capacity building grants for NLGCA institutions.
Sec. 7124. Aquaculture assistance programs.
Sec. 7125. Rangeland research programs.
Sec. 7126. Special authorization for biosecurity planning and response.
Sec. 7127. Distance education and resident instruction grants program 
          for insular area institutions of higher education.
Sec. 7128. Matching funds requirement.
Sec. 7129. Designation of Central State University as 1890 institution.

   Subtitle B--Food, Agriculture, Conservation, and Trade Act of 1990

Sec. 7201. Best utilization of biological applications.
Sec. 7202. Integrated management systems.
Sec. 7203. Sustainable agriculture technology development and transfer 
          program.
Sec. 7204. National training program.
Sec. 7205. National Genetics Resources Program.
Sec. 7206. National Agricultural Weather Information System.
Sec. 7207. Repeal of rural electronic commerce extension program.
Sec. 7208. Agricultural Genome Initiative.
Sec. 7209. High-priority research and extension initiatives.
Sec. 7210. Repeal of nutrient management research and extension 
          initiative.
Sec. 7211. Organic agriculture research and extension initiative.
Sec. 7212. Repeal of agricultural bioenergy feedstock and energy 
          efficiency research and extension initiative.
Sec. 7213. Farm business management.
Sec. 7214. Centers of excellence.
Sec. 7215. Repeal of red meat safety research center.
Sec. 7216. Assistive technology program for farmers with disabilities.
Sec. 7217. National rural information center clearinghouse.

 Subtitle C--Agricultural Research, Extension, and Education Reform Act 
                                 of 1998

Sec. 7301. Relevance and merit of agricultural research, extension, and 
          education funded by the Department.
Sec. 7302. Integrated research, education, and extension competitive 
          grants program.
Sec. 7303. Support for research regarding diseases of wheat, triticale, 
          and barley caused by Fusarium graminearum or by Tilletia 
          indica.
Sec. 7304. Repeal of Bovine Johne's disease control program.
Sec. 7305. Grants for youth organizations.
Sec. 7306. Specialty crop research initiative.
Sec. 7307. [H7308] Food animal residue avoidance database program.
Sec. 7308. Repeal of national swine research center.
Sec. 7309. Office of pest management policy.
Sec. 7310. Forestry products advanced utilization research.
Sec. 7311. Repeal of studies of agricultural research, extension, and 
          education.

                         Subtitle D--Other Laws

Sec. 7401. Critical Agricultural Materials Act.
Sec. 7402. Equity in Educational Land-Grant Status Act of 1994.
Sec. 7403. Research Facilities Act.
Sec. 7404. Competitive, Special, and Facilities Research Grant Act.
Sec. 7405. Renewable Resources Extension Act of 1978.
Sec. 7406. National Aquaculture Act of 1980.
Sec. 7407. Repeal of use of remote sensing data.
Sec. 7408. Repeal of reports under Farm Security and Rural Investment 
          Act of 2002.
Sec. 7409. Beginning farmer and rancher development program.
Sec. 7410. National Agricultural Research, Extension, and Teaching 
          Policy Act Amendments of 1985.

         Subtitle E--Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008

                      Part I--Agricultural Security

Sec. 7501. Agricultural biosecurity communication center.
Sec. 7502. Assistance to build local capacity in agricultural 
          biosecurity planning, preparation, and response.
Sec. 7503. Research and development of agricultural countermeasures.
Sec. 7504. Agricultural biosecurity grant program.

                    Part II--Miscellaneous Provisions

Sec. 7511. Enhanced use lease authority pilot program.
Sec. 7512. Grazinglands research laboratory.
Sec. 7513. Budget submission and funding.
Sec. 7514. Repeal of seed distribution.
Sec. 7515. Natural products research program.
Sec. 7516. Sun grant program.
Sec. 7517. Repeal of study and report on food deserts.
Sec. 7518. Repeal of agricultural and rural transportation research and 
          education.

                  Subtitle F--Miscellaneous Provisions

Sec. 7601. Foundation for Food and Agriculture Research.
Sec. 7602. Concessions and agreements with nonprofit organizations for 
          National Arboretum.
Sec. 7603. Agricultural and food law research, legal tools, and 
          information.
Sec. 7604. Cotton Disease Research Report.
Sec. 7605. Miscellaneous technical corrections.
Sec. 7606. Legitimacy of industrial hemp research.

                          TITLE VIII--FORESTRY

             Subtitle A--Repeal of Certain Forestry Programs

Sec. 8001. Forest land enhancement program.
Sec. 8002. Watershed forestry assistance program.
Sec. 8003. Expired cooperative national forest products marketing 
          program.
Sec. 8004. Hispanic-serving institution agricultural land national 
          resources leadership program.
Sec. 8005. Tribal watershed forestry assistance program.
Sec. 8006. Separate Forest Service decisionmaking and appeals process.

 Subtitle B--Reauthorization of Cooperative Forestry Assistance Act of 
                              1978 Programs

Sec. 8101. State-wide assessment and strategies for forest resources.

       Subtitle C--Reauthorization of Other Forestry-related Laws

Sec. 8201. Rural revitalization technologies.
Sec. 8202. Office of International Forestry.
Sec. 8203. Healthy forests reserve program.
Sec. 8204. Insect and disease infestation.
Sec. 8205. Stewardship end result contracting projects.
Sec. 8206. Good neighbor authority.

                  Subtitle D--Miscellaneous Provisions

Sec. 8301. Revision of strategic plan for forest inventory and analysis.
Sec. 8302. Forest service participation in ACES program.
Sec. 8303. Extension of stewardship contracts authority regarding use of 
          designation by prescription to all thinning sales under 
          National Forest Management Act of 1976.
Sec. 8304. Reimbursement of fire funds.
Sec. 8305. Forest Service large airtanker and aerial asset firefighting 
          recapitalization pilot program.
Sec. 8306. Land conveyance, Jefferson National Forest in Wise County, 
          Virginia.

                            TITLE IX--ENERGY

Sec. 9001. Definitions.
Sec. 9002. Biobased markets program.
Sec. 9003. Biorefinery assistance.
Sec. 9004. Repowering assistance program.
Sec. 9005. Bioenergy program for advanced biofuels.
Sec. 9006. Biodiesel fuel education program.
Sec. 9007. Rural Energy for America Program.
Sec. 9008. Biomass research and development.
Sec. 9009. Feedstock Flexibility Program for Bioenergy Producers.
Sec. 9010. Biomass Crop Assistance Program.
Sec. 9011. Repeal of forest biomass for energy.
Sec. 9012. Community wood energy program.
Sec. 9013. Repeal of biofuels infrastructure study.
Sec. 9014. Repeal of renewable fertilizer study.
Sec. 9015. Energy efficiency report for USDA facilities.

                          TITLE X--HORTICULTURE

Sec. 10001. Specialty crops market news allocation.
Sec. 10002. Repeal of grant program to improve movement of specialty 
          crops.
Sec. 10003. Farmers' market and local food promotion program.
Sec. 10004. Organic agriculture.
Sec. 10005. Investigations and enforcement of the Organic Foods 
          Production Act of 1990.
Sec. 10006. Food safety education initiatives.
Sec. 10007. Consolidation of plant pest and disease management and 
          disaster prevention programs.
Sec. 10008. Importation of seed.
Sec. 10009. Bulk shipments of apples to Canada.
Sec. 10010. Specialty crop block grants.
Sec. 10011. Department of Agriculture consultation regarding enforcement 
          of certain labor law provisions.
Sec. 10012. Report on honey.
Sec. 10013. Reports to Congress.
Sec. 10014. Stay of regulations.
Sec. 10015. Regulation of sulfuryl fluoride.
Sec. 10016. Local food production and program evaluation.
Sec. 10017. Clarification of use of funds for technical assistance.

                        TITLE XI--CROP INSURANCE

Sec. 11001. Information sharing.
Sec. 11002. Publication of information on violations of prohibition on 
          premium adjustments.
Sec. 11003. Supplemental coverage option.
Sec. 11004. Crop margin coverage option.
Sec. 11005. Premium amounts for catastrophic risk protection.
Sec. 11006. Permanent enterprise unit subsidy.
Sec. 11007. Enterprise units for irrigated and nonirrigated crops.
Sec. 11008. Data collection.
Sec. 11009. Adjustment in actual production history to establish 
          insurable yields.
Sec. 11010. Submission of policies and Board review and approval.
Sec. 11011. Consultation.
Sec. 11012. Budget limitations on renegotiation of the standard 
          reinsurance agreement.
Sec. 11013. Test weight for corn.
Sec. 11014. Crop production on native sod.
Sec. 11015. Coverage levels by practice.
Sec. 11016. Beginning farmer and rancher provisions.
Sec. 11017. Stacked income protection plan for producers of upland 
          cotton.
Sec. 11018. Peanut revenue crop insurance.
Sec. 11019. Authority to correct errors.
Sec. 11020. Implementation.
Sec. 11021. Crop insurance fraud.
Sec. 11022. Research and development priorities.
Sec. 11023. Crop insurance for organic crops.
Sec. 11024. Program compliance partnerships.
Sec. 11025. Pilot programs.
Sec. 11026. Index-based weather insurance pilot program.
Sec. 11027. Enhancing producer self-help through farm financial 
          benchmarking.
Sec. 11028. Technical amendments.

                        TITLE XII--MISCELLANEOUS

                          Subtitle A--Livestock

Sec. 12101. Trichinae certification program.
Sec. 12102. Sheep production and marketing grant program.
Sec. 12103. National Aquatic Animal Health Plan.
Sec. 12104. Country of origin labeling.
Sec. 12105. National animal health laboratory network.
Sec. 12106. Food safety inspection.
Sec. 12107. National Poultry Improvement Plan.
Sec. 12108. Sense of Congress regarding feral swine eradication.

   Subtitle B--Socially Disadvantaged Producers and Limited Resource 
                                Producers

Sec. 12201. Outreach and assistance for socially disadvantaged farmers 
          and ranchers and veteran farmers and ranchers.
Sec. 12202. Office of Advocacy and Outreach.
Sec. 12203. Socially Disadvantaged Farmers and Ranchers Policy Research 
          Center.
Sec. 12204. Receipt for service or denial of service from certain 
          department of agriculture agencies.

               Subtitle C--Other Miscellaneous Provisions

Sec. 12301. Grants to improve supply, stability, safety, and training of 
          agricultural labor force.
Sec. 12302. Program benefit eligibility status for participants in high 
          plains water study.
Sec. 12303. Office of Tribal Relations.
Sec. 12304. Military Veterans Agricultural Liaison.
Sec. 12305. Noninsured crop assistance program.
Sec. 12306. Acer access and development program.
Sec. 12307. Science Advisory Board.
Sec. 12308. Amendments to Animal Welfare Act.
Sec. 12309. Produce represented as grown in the United States when it is 
          not in fact grown in the United States.
Sec. 12310. Report on water sharing.
Sec. 12311. Scientific and economic analysis of the FDA Food Safety 
          Modernization Act.
Sec. 12312. Payment in lieu of taxes.
Sec. 12313. Silvicultural activities.
Sec. 12314. Pima agriculture cotton trust fund.
Sec. 12315. Agriculture Wool Apparel Manufacturers Trust Fund.
Sec. 12316. Wool research and promotion.

    Subtitle D--Oilheat Efficiency, Renewable Fuel Research and Jobs 
                                Training

Sec. 12401. Short title.
Sec. 12402. Findings and purposes.
Sec. 12403. Definitions.
Sec. 12404. Membership.
Sec. 12405. Functions.
Sec. 12406. Assessments.
Sec. 12407. Market survey and consumer protection.
Sec. 12408. Lobbying restrictions.
Sec. 12409. Noncompliance.
Sec. 12410. Sunset.

SEC. 2. DEFINITION OF SECRETARY OF AGRICULTURE.

    In this Act, the term ``Secretary'' means the Secretary of 
Agriculture.

                          TITLE I--COMMODITIES

                    Subtitle A--Repeals and Reforms

                            PART I--REPEALS

SEC. 1101. REPEAL OF DIRECT PAYMENTS.

    Sections 1103 and 1303 of the Food, Conservation, and 
Energy Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 8713, 8753) are repealed.

SEC. 1102. REPEAL OF COUNTER-CYCLICAL PAYMENTS.

    (a) Repeal.--Sections 1104 and 1304 of the Food, 
Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 8714, 8754) are 
repealed.
    (b) Continued Application for 2013 Crop Year.--Sections 
1104 and 1304 of the Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008 
(7 U.S.C. 8714, 8754), as in effect on the day before the date 
of enactment of this Act, shall continue to apply through the 
2013 crop year with respect to all covered commodities (as 
defined in section 1001 of that Act (7 U.S.C. 8702)) and 
peanuts on a farm.

SEC. 1103. REPEAL OF AVERAGE CROP REVENUE ELECTION PROGRAM.

    (a) Repeal.--Section 1105 of the Food, Conservation, and 
Energy Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 8715) is repealed.
    (b) Continued Application for 2013 Crop Year.--Section 1105 
of the Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 
8715), as in effect on the day before the date of enactment of 
this Act, shall continue to apply through the 2013 crop year 
with respect to all covered commodities (as defined in section 
1001 of that Act (7 U.S.C. 8702)) and peanuts on a farm for 
which the irrevocable election under section 1105 of that Act 
was made before the date of enactment of this Act.

                       PART II--COMMODITY POLICY

SEC. 1111. DEFINITIONS.

    In this subtitle and subtitle B:
            (1) Actual crop revenue.--The term ``actual crop 
        revenue'', with respect to a covered commodity for a 
        crop year, means the amount determined by the Secretary 
        under section 1117(b).
            (2) Agriculture risk coverage.--The term 
        ``agriculture risk coverage'' means coverage provided 
        under section 1117.
            (3) Agriculture risk coverage guarantee.--The term 
        ``agriculture risk coverage guarantee'', with respect 
        to a covered commodity for a crop year, means the 
        amount determined by the Secretary under section 
        1117(c).
            (4) Base acres.--
                    (A) In general.--The term ``base acres'', 
                with respect to a covered commodity on a farm, 
                means the number of acres in effect under 
                sections 1001 and 1301 of the Food, 
                Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 
                8702, 8751), as adjusted pursuant to sections 
                1101, 1108, and 1302 of such Act (7 U.S.C. 
                8711, 8718, 8752), as in effect on September 
                30, 2013, subject to any reallocation, 
                adjustment, or reduction under section 1112 of 
                this Act.
                    (B) Inclusion of generic base acres.--The 
                term ``base acres'' includes any generic base 
                acres planted to a covered commodity as 
                determined in section 1114(b).
            (5) County coverage.--The term ``county coverage'' 
        means agriculture risk coverage selected under section 
        1115(b)(1) to be obtained at the county level.
            (6) Covered commodity.--The term ``covered 
        commodity'' means wheat, oats, and barley (including 
        wheat, oats, and barley used for haying and grazing), 
        corn, grain sorghum, long grain rice, medium grain 
        rice, pulse crops, soybeans, other oilseeds, and 
        peanuts.
            (7) Effective price.--The term ``effective price'', 
        with respect to a covered commodity for a crop year, 
        means the price calculated by the Secretary under 
        section 1116(b) to determine whether price loss 
        coverage payments are required to be provided for that 
        crop year.
            (8) Extra long staple cotton.--The term ``extra 
        long staple cotton'' means cotton that--
                    (A) is produced from pure strain varieties 
                of the Barbadense species or any hybrid of the 
                species, or other similar types of extra long 
                staple cotton, designated by the Secretary, 
                having characteristics needed for various end 
                uses for which United States upland cotton is 
                not suitable and grown in irrigated cotton-
                growing regions of the United States designated 
                by the Secretary or other areas designated by 
                the Secretary as suitable for the production of 
                the varieties or types; and
                    (B) is ginned on a roller-type gin or, if 
                authorized by the Secretary, ginned on another 
                type gin for experimental purposes.
            (9) Generic base acres.--The term ``generic base 
        acres'' means the number of base acres for cotton in 
        effect under section 1001 of the Food, Conservation, 
        and Energy Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 8702), as adjusted 
        pursuant to section 1101 of such Act (7 U.S.C. 8711), 
        as in effect on September 30, 2013, subject to any 
        adjustment or reduction under section 1112 of this Act.
            (10) Individual coverage.--The term ``individual 
        coverage'' means agriculture risk coverage selected 
        under section 1115(b)(2) to be obtained at the farm 
        level.
            (11) Medium grain rice.--The term ``medium grain 
        rice'' includes short grain rice and temperate japonica 
        rice.
            (12) Other oilseed.--The term ``other oilseed'' 
        means a crop of sunflower seed, rapeseed, canola, 
        safflower, flaxseed, mustard seed, crambe, sesame seed, 
        or any oilseed designated by the Secretary.
            (13) Payment acres.--The term ``payment acres'', 
        with respect to the provision of price loss coverage 
        payments and agriculture risk coverage payments, means 
        the number of acres determined for a farm under section 
        1114.
            (14) Payment yield.--The term ``payment yield'', 
        for a farm for a covered commodity--
                    (A) means the yield used to make payments 
                pursuant to section 1104 or 1304 of the Food, 
                Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 
                8714, 8754), as in effect on September 30, 
                2013; or
                    (B) means the yield established under 
                section 1113 of this Act.
            (15) Price loss coverage.--The term ``price loss 
        coverage'' means coverage provided under section 1116.
            (16) Producer.--
                    (A) In general.--The term ``producer'' 
                means an owner, operator, landlord, tenant, or 
                sharecropper that shares in the risk of 
                producing a crop and is entitled to share in 
                the crop available for marketing from the farm, 
                or would have shared had the crop been 
                produced.
                    (B) Hybrid seed.--In determining whether a 
                grower of hybrid seed is a producer, the 
                Secretary shall--
                            (i) not take into consideration the 
                        existence of a hybrid seed contract; 
                        and
                            (ii) ensure that program 
                        requirements do not adversely affect 
                        the ability of the grower to receive a 
                        payment under this title.
            (17) Pulse crop.--The term ``pulse crop'' means dry 
        peas, lentils, small chickpeas, and large chickpeas.
            (18) Reference price.--The term ``reference 
        price'', with respect to a covered commodity for a crop 
        year, means the following:
                    (A) For wheat, $5.50 per bushel.
                    (B) For corn, $3.70 per bushel.
                    (C) For grain sorghum, $3.95 per bushel.
                    (D) For barley, $4.95 per bushel.
                    (E) For oats, $2.40 per bushel.
                    (F) For long grain rice, $14.00 per 
                hundredweight.
                    (G) For medium grain rice, $14.00 per 
                hundredweight.
                    (H) For soybeans, $8.40 per bushel.
                    (I) For other oilseeds, $20.15 per 
                hundredweight.
                    (J) For peanuts, $535.00 per ton.
                    (K) For dry peas, $11.00 per hundredweight.
                    (L) For lentils, $19.97 per hundredweight.
                    (M) For small chickpeas, $19.04 per 
                hundredweight.
                    (N) For large chickpeas, $21.54 per 
                hundredweight.
            (19) Secretary.--The term ``Secretary'' means the 
        Secretary of Agriculture.
            (20) State.--The term ``State'' means--
                    (A) a State;
                    (B) the District of Columbia;
                    (C) the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico; and
                    (D) any other territory or possession of 
                the United States.
            (21) Temperate japonica rice.--The term ``temperate 
        japonica rice'' means rice that is grown in high 
        altitudes or temperate regions of high latitudes with 
        cooler climate conditions, in the Western United 
        States, as determined by the Secretary, for the purpose 
        of--
                    (A) the reallocation of base acres under 
                section 1112;
                    (B) the establishment of a reference price 
                (as required under section 1116(g)) and an 
                effective price pursuant to section 1116; and
                    (C) the determination of the actual crop 
                revenue and agriculture risk coverage guarantee 
                pursuant to section 1117.
            (22) Transitional yield.--The term ``transitional 
        yield'' has the meaning given the term in section 
        502(b) of the Federal Crop Insurance Act (7 U.S.C. 
        1502(b)).
            (23) United states.--The term ``United States'', 
        when used in a geographical sense, means all of the 
        States.
            (24) United states premium factor.--The term 
        ``United States Premium Factor'' means the percentage 
        by which the difference in the United States loan 
        schedule premiums for Strict Middling (SM) 1\1/8\-inch 
        upland cotton and for Middling (M) 1\3/32\-inch upland 
        cotton exceeds the difference in the applicable 
        premiums for comparable international qualities.

SEC. 1112. BASE ACRES.

    (a) Retention or 1-time Reallocation of Base Acres.--
            (1) Election required.--
                    (A) Notice of election opportunity.--As 
                soon as practicable after the date of enactment 
                of this Act, the Secretary shall provide notice 
                to the owners of a farm regarding their 
                opportunity to make an election, in the manner 
                provided in this subsection--
                            (i) to retain base acres, including 
                        any generic base acres, as provided in 
                        paragraph (2); or
                            (ii) in lieu of retaining base 
                        acres, to reallocate base acres, other 
                        than any generic base acres, as 
                        provided in paragraph (3).
                    (B) Content of notice.--The notice under 
                subparagraph (A) shall include the following:
                            (i) Information that the 
                        opportunity of an owner to make the 
                        election is being provided only once.
                            (ii) Information regarding the 
                        manner in which the owner must make the 
                        election and the manner of notifying 
                        the Secretary of the election.
                            (iii) Information regarding the 
                        deadline before which the owner must 
                        notify the Secretary of the election to 
                        be in effect beginning with the 2014 
                        crop year.
                    (C) Effect of failure to make election.--If 
                the owner of a farm fails to make the election 
                under this subsection, or fails to timely 
                notify the Secretary of the election as 
                required by subparagraph (B)(iii), the owner 
                shall be deemed to have elected to retain base 
                acres, including generic base acres, as 
                provided in paragraph (2).
            (2) Retention of base acres.--
                    (A) Election to retain.--For the purpose of 
                applying this part to a covered commodity, the 
                Secretary shall give an owner of a farm an 
                opportunity to elect to retain all of the base 
                acres for each covered commodity on the farm.
                    (B) Treatment of generic base acres.--
                Generic base acres are automatically retained.
            (3) Reallocation of base acres.--
                    (A) Election to reallocate.--For the 
                purpose of applying this part to covered 
                commodities, the Secretary shall give an owner 
                of a farm an opportunity to elect to reallocate 
                all of the base acres for covered commodities 
                on the farm, as in effect on September 30, 
                2013, among those covered commodities planted 
                on the farm at any time during the 2009 through 
                2012 crop years.
                    (B) Reallocation formula.--The reallocation 
                of base acres among covered commodities on a 
                farm shall be in proportion to the ratio of--
                            (i) the 4-year average of--
                                    (I) the acreage planted on 
                                the farm to each covered 
                                commodity for harvest, grazing, 
                                haying, silage, or other 
                                similar purposes for the 2009 
                                through 2012 crop years; and
                                    (II) any acreage on the 
                                farm that the producers were 
                                prevented from planting during 
                                the 2009 through 2012 crop 
                                years to that covered commodity 
                                because of drought, flood, or 
                                other natural disaster, or 
                                other condition beyond the 
                                control of the producers, as 
                                determined by the Secretary; to
                            (ii) the 4-year average of--
                                    (I) the acreage planted on 
                                the farm to all covered 
                                commodities for harvest, 
                                grazing, haying, silage, or 
                                other similar purposes for such 
                                crop years; and
                                    (II) any acreage on the 
                                farm that the producers were 
                                prevented from planting during 
                                such crop years to covered 
                                commodities because of drought, 
                                flood, or other natural 
                                disaster, or other condition 
                                beyond the control of the 
                                producers, as determined by the 
                                Secretary.
                    (C) Treatment of generic base acres.--
                Generic base acres are retained and may not be 
                reallocated under this paragraph.
                    (D) Inclusion of all 4 years in average.--
                For the purpose of determining a 4-year acreage 
                average under subparagraph (B) for a farm, the 
                Secretary shall not exclude any crop year in 
                which a covered commodity was not planted.
                    (E) Treatment of multiple planting or 
                prevented planting.--For the purpose of 
                determining under subparagraph (B) the acreage 
                on a farm that producers planted or were 
                prevented from planting during the 2009 through 
                2012 crop years to covered commodities, if the 
                acreage that was planted or prevented from 
                being planted was devoted to another covered 
                commodity in the same crop year (other than a 
                covered commodity produced under an established 
                practice of double cropping), the owner may 
                elect the commodity to be used for that crop 
                year in determining the 4-year average, but may 
                not include both the initial commodity and the 
                subsequent commodity.
                    (F) Limitation.--The reallocation of base 
                acres among covered commodities on a farm under 
                this paragraph may not result in a total number 
                of base acres (including generic base acres) 
                for the farm in excess of the number of base 
                acres in effect for the farm on September 30, 
                2013.
            (4) Application of election to all covered 
        commodities.--The election made under this subsection, 
        or deemed to be made under paragraph (1)(C), with 
        respect to a farm shall apply to all of the covered 
        commodities on the farm.
    (b) Adjustment of Base Acres.--
            (1) In general.--Notwithstanding the election made 
        under subsection (a), the Secretary shall provide for 
        an adjustment, as appropriate, in the base acres for 
        covered commodities for a farm and any generic base 
        acres for the farm whenever any of the following 
        circumstances occur:
                    (A) A conservation reserve contract entered 
                into under section 1231 of the Food Security 
                Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3831) with respect to 
                the farm expires or is voluntarily terminated.
                    (B) Cropland is released from coverage 
                under a conservation reserve contract by the 
                Secretary.
                    (C) The producer has eligible oilseed 
                acreage as the result of the Secretary 
                designating additional oilseeds, which shall be 
                determined in the same manner as eligible 
                oilseed acreage under section 1101(a)(1)(D) of 
                the Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008 
                (7 U.S.C. 8711(a)(1)(D)).
            (2) Special conservation reserve acreage payment 
        rules.--For the crop year in which a base acres 
        adjustment under subparagraph (A) or (B) of paragraph 
        (1) is first made, the owner of the farm shall elect to 
        receive price loss coverage or agriculture risk 
        coverage with respect to the acreage added to the farm 
        under this subsection or a prorated payment under the 
        conservation reserve contract, but not both.
    (c) Prevention of Excess Base Acres.--
            (1) Required reduction.--Notwithstanding the 
        election made under subsection (a), if the sum of the 
        base acres for a farm, including generic base acres, 
        and the acreage described in paragraph (2) exceeds the 
        actual cropland acreage of the farm, the Secretary 
        shall reduce the base acres for 1 or more covered 
        commodities or generic base acres for the farm so that 
        the sum of the base acres, including generic base 
        acres, and the acreage described in paragraph (2) does 
        not exceed the actual cropland acreage of the farm.
            (2) Other acreage.--For purposes of paragraph (1), 
        the Secretary shall include the following:
                    (A) Any acreage on the farm enrolled in the 
                conservation reserve program or wetlands 
                reserve program (or successor programs) under 
                chapter 1 of subtitle D of title XII of the 
                Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3830 et 
                seq.).
                    (B) Any other acreage on the farm enrolled 
                in a Federal conservation program for which 
                payments are made in exchange for not producing 
                an agricultural commodity on the acreage.
                    (C) If the Secretary designates additional 
                oilseeds, any eligible oilseed acreage, which 
                shall be determined in the same manner as 
                eligible oilseed acreage under subsection 
                (b)(1)(C).
            (3) Selection of acres.--The Secretary shall give 
        the owner of the farm the opportunity to select the 
        base acres for a covered commodity or generic base 
        acres for the farm against which the reduction required 
        by paragraph (1) will be made.
            (4) Exception for double-cropped acreage.--In 
        applying paragraph (1), the Secretary shall make an 
        exception in the case of double cropping, as determined 
        by the Secretary.
    (d) Reduction in Base Acres.--
            (1) Reduction at option of owner.--
                    (A) In general.--The owner of a farm may 
                reduce, at any time, the base acres for any 
                covered commodity or generic base acres for the 
                farm.
                    (B) Effect of reduction.--A reduction under 
                subparagraph (A) shall be permanent and made in 
                a manner prescribed by the Secretary.
            (2) Required action by secretary.--
                    (A) In general.--The Secretary shall 
                proportionately reduce base acres, including 
                any generic base acres, on a farm for land that 
                has been subdivided and developed for multiple 
                residential units or other nonfarming uses if 
                the size of the tracts and the density of the 
                subdivision is such that the land is unlikely 
                to return to the previous agricultural use, 
                unless the producers on the farm demonstrate 
                that the land--
                            (i) remains devoted to commercial 
                        agricultural production; or
                            (ii) is likely to be returned to 
                        the previous agricultural use.
                    (B) Requirement.--The Secretary shall 
                establish procedures to identify land described 
                in subparagraph (A).

SEC. 1113. PAYMENT YIELDS.

    (a) Establishment and Purpose.--For the purpose of making 
price loss coverage payments under section 1116, the Secretary 
shall provide for the establishment of a yield for each farm 
for any designated oilseed for which a payment yield was not 
established under section 1102 of the Food, Conservation, and 
Energy Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 8712) in accordance with this 
section.
    (b) Payment Yields for Designated Oilseeds.--
            (1) Determination of average yield.--In the case of 
        designated oilseeds, the Secretary shall determine the 
        average yield per planted acre for the designated 
        oilseed on a farm for the 1998 through 2001 crop years, 
        excluding any crop year in which the acreage planted to 
        the designated oilseed was zero.
            (2) Adjustment for payment yield.--
                    (A) In general.--The payment yield for a 
                farm for a designated oilseed shall be equal to 
                the product of the following:
                            (i) The average yield for the 
                        designated oilseed determined under 
                        paragraph (1).
                            (ii) The ratio resulting from 
                        dividing the national average yield for 
                        the designated oilseed for the 1981 
                        through 1985 crops by the national 
                        average yield for the designated 
                        oilseed for the 1998 through 2001 
                        crops.
                    (B) No national average yield information 
                available.--To the extent that national average 
                yield information for a designated oilseed is 
                not available, the Secretary shall use such 
                information as the Secretary determines to be 
                fair and equitable to establish a national 
                average yield under this section.
            (3) Use of county average yield.--If the yield per 
        planted acre for a crop of a designated oilseed for a 
        farm for any of the 1998 through 2001 crop years was 
        less than 75 percent of the county yield for that 
        designated oilseed, the Secretary shall assign a yield 
        for that crop year equal to 75 percent of the county 
        yield for the purpose of determining the average under 
        paragraph (1).
    (c) Effect of Lack of Payment Yield.--
            (1) Establishment by secretary.--In the case of a 
        covered commodity on a farm for which base acres have 
        been established or that is planted on generic base 
        acres, if no payment yield is otherwise established for 
        the covered commodity on the farm, the Secretary shall 
        establish an appropriate payment yield for the covered 
        commodity on the farm under paragraph (2).
            (2) Use of similarly situated farms.--To establish 
        an appropriate payment yield for a covered commodity on 
        a farm as required by paragraph (1), the Secretary 
        shall take into consideration the farm program payment 
        yields applicable to that covered commodity for 
        similarly situated farms. The use of such data in an 
        appeal, by the Secretary or by the producer, shall not 
        be subject to any other provision of law.
    (d) Single Opportunity To Update Yields Used To Determine 
Price Loss Coverage Payments.--
            (1) Election to update.--At the sole discretion of 
        the owner of a farm, the owner of a farm shall have a 
        1-time opportunity to update, on a covered commodity-
        by-covered-commodity basis, the payment yield that 
        would otherwise be used in calculating any price loss 
        coverage payment for each covered commodity on the farm 
        for which the election is made.
            (2) Time for election.--The election under 
        paragraph (1) shall be made at a time and manner to be 
        in effect beginning with the 2014 crop year as 
        determined by the Secretary.
            (3) Method of updating yields.--If the owner of a 
        farm elects to update yields under this subsection, the 
        payment yield for a covered commodity on the farm, for 
        the purpose of calculating price loss coverage payments 
        only, shall be equal to 90 percent of the average of 
        the yield per planted acre for the crop of the covered 
        commodity on the farm for the 2008 through 2012 crop 
        years, as determined by the Secretary, excluding any 
        crop year in which the acreage planted to the crop of 
        the covered commodity was zero.
            (4) Use of county average yield.--If the yield per 
        planted acre for a crop of the covered commodity for a 
        farm for any of the 2008 through 2012 crop years was 
        less than 75 percent of the average of the 2008 through 
        2012 county yield for that commodity, the Secretary 
        shall assign a yield for that crop year equal to 75 
        percent of the average of the 2008 through 2012 county 
        yield for the purposes of determining the average yield 
        under paragraph (3).

SEC. 1114. PAYMENT ACRES.

    (a) Determination of Payment Acres.--
            (1) General rule.--For the purpose of price loss 
        coverage and agriculture risk coverage when county 
        coverage has been selected under section 1115(b)(1), 
        but subject to subsection (e), the payment acres for 
        each covered commodity on a farm shall be equal to 85 
        percent of the base acres for the covered commodity on 
        the farm.
            (2) Effect of individual coverage.--In the case of 
        agriculture risk coverage when individual coverage has 
        been selected under section 1115(b)(2), but subject to 
        subsection (e), the payment acres for a farm shall be 
        equal to 65 percent of the base acres for all of the 
        covered commodities on the farm.
    (b) Treatment of Generic Base Acres.--
            (1) In general.--In the case of generic base acres, 
        price loss coverage payments and agriculture risk 
        coverage payments are made only with respect to generic 
        base acres planted to a covered commodity for the crop 
        year.
            (2) Attribution.--With respect to a farm containing 
        generic base acres, for the purpose of applying 
        paragraphs (1)(B) and (2)(B) of subsection (a), generic 
        base acres on the farm are attributed to a covered 
        commodity in the following manner:
                    (A) If a single covered commodity is 
                planted and the total acreage planted exceeds 
                the generic base acres on the farm, the generic 
                base acres are attributed to that covered 
                commodity in an amount equal to the total 
                number of generic base acres.
                    (B) If multiple covered commodities are 
                planted and the total number of acres planted 
                to all covered commodities on the farm exceeds 
                the generic base acres on the farm, the generic 
                base acres are attributed to each of the 
                covered commodities on the farm on a pro rata 
                basis to reflect the ratio of--
                            (i) the acreage planted to a 
                        covered commodity on the farm; to
                            (ii) the total acreage planted to 
                        all covered commodities on the farm.
                    (C) If the total number of acres planted to 
                all covered commodities on the farm does not 
                exceed the generic base acres on the farm, the 
                number of acres planted to a covered commodity 
                is attributed to that covered commodity.
            (3) Treated as additional acreage.--When generic 
        base acres are planted to a covered commodity or 
        acreage planted to a covered commodity is attributed to 
        generic base acres, the generic base acres are in 
        addition to other base acres on the farm.
    (c) Exclusion.--The quantity of payment acres determined 
under subsection (a) may not include any crop subsequently 
planted during the same crop year on the same land for which 
the first crop is eligible for price loss coverage payments or 
agriculture risk coverage payments, unless the crop was 
approved for double cropping in the county, as determined by 
the Secretary.
    (d) Effect of Minimal Payment Acres.--
            (1) Prohibition on payments.--Notwithstanding any 
        other provision of this title, a producer on a farm may 
        not receive price loss coverage payments or agriculture 
        risk coverage payments if the sum of the base acres on 
        the farm is 10 acres or less, as determined by the 
        Secretary.
            (2) Exceptions.--Paragraph (1) does not apply to a 
        producer that is--
                    (A) a socially disadvantaged farmer or 
                rancher (as defined in section 355(e) of the 
                Consolidated Farm and Rural Development Act (7 
                U.S.C. 2003(e))); or
                    (B) a limited resource farmer or rancher, 
                as defined by the Secretary.
    (e) Effect of Planting Fruits and Vegetables.--
            (1) Reduction required.--In the manner provided in 
        this subsection, payment acres on a farm shall be 
        reduced in any crop year in which fruits, vegetables 
        (other than mung beans and pulse crops), or wild rice 
        have been planted on base acres on a farm.
            (2) Price loss coverage and county coverage.--In 
        the case of price loss coverage payments and 
        agricultural risk coverage payments using county 
        coverage, the reduction under paragraph (1) shall be 
        the amount equal to the base acres planted to crops 
        referred to in such paragraph in excess of 15 percent 
        of base acres.
            (3) Individual coverage.--In the case of 
        agricultural risk coverage payments using individual 
        coverage, the reduction under paragraph (1) shall be 
        the amount equal to the base acres planted to crops 
        referred to in such paragraph in excess of 35 percent 
        of base acres.
            (4) Reduction exceptions.--No reduction to payment 
        acres shall be made under this subsection if--
                    (A) cover crops or crops referred to in 
                paragraph (1) are grown solely for conservation 
                purposes and not harvested for use or sale, as 
                determined by the Secretary; or
                    (B) in any region in which there is a 
                history of double-cropping covered commodities 
                with crops referred to in paragraph (1) and 
                such crops were so double-cropped on the base 
                acres, as determined by the Secretary.

SEC. 1115. PRODUCER ELECTION.

    (a) Election Required.--For the 2014 through 2018 crop 
years, all of the producers on a farm shall make a 1-time, 
irrevocable election to obtain--
            (1) price loss coverage under section 1116 on a 
        covered commodity-by-covered-commodity basis; or
            (2) agriculture risk coverage under section 1117.
    (b) Coverage Options.--In the election under subsection 
(a), the producers on a farm that elect under paragraph (2) of 
such subsection to obtain agriculture risk coverage under 
section 1117 shall unanimously select whether to receive 
agriculture risk coverage payments based on--
            (1) county coverage applicable on a covered 
        commodity-by-covered-commodity basis; or
            (2) individual coverage applicable to all of the 
        covered commodities on the farm.
    (c) Effect of Failure to Make Unanimous Election.--If all 
the producers on a farm fail to make a unanimous election under 
subsection (a) for the 2014 crop year--
            (1) the Secretary shall not make any payments with 
        respect to the farm for the 2014 crop year under 
        section 1116 or 1117; and
            (2) the producers on the farm shall be deemed to 
        have elected price loss coverage under section 1116 for 
        all covered commodities on the farm for the 2015 
        through 2018 crop years.
    (d) Effect of Selection of County Coverage.--If all the 
producers on a farm select county coverage for a covered 
commodity under subsection (b)(1), the Secretary may not make 
price loss coverage payments under section 1116 to the 
producers on the farm with respect to that covered commodity.
    (e) Effect of Selection of Individual Coverage.--If all the 
producers on a farm select individual coverage under subsection 
(b)(2), in addition to the selection and election under this 
section applying to each producer on the farm, the Secretary 
shall consider, for purposes of making the calculations 
required by subsections (b)(2) and (c)(3) of section 1117, the 
producer's share of all farms in the same State--
            (1) in which the producer has an interest; and
            (2) for which individual coverage has been 
        selected.
    (f) Prohibition on Reconstitution.--The Secretary shall 
ensure that producers on a farm do not reconstitute the farm to 
void or change an election or selection made under this 
section.

SEC. 1116. PRICE LOSS COVERAGE.

    (a) Price Loss Coverage Payments.--If all of the producers 
on a farm make the election under subsection (a) of section 
1115 to obtain price loss coverage or, subject to subsection 
(c)(1) of such section, are deemed to have made such election 
under subsection (c)(2) of such section, the Secretary shall 
make price loss coverage payments to producers on the farm on a 
covered commodity-by-covered-commodity basis if the Secretary 
determines that, for any of the 2014 through 2018 crop years--
            (1) the effective price for the covered commodity 
        for the crop year; is less than
            (2) the reference price for the covered commodity 
        for the crop year.
    (b) Effective Price.--The effective price for a covered 
commodity for a crop year shall be the higher of--
            (1) the national average market price received by 
        producers during the 12-month marketing year for the 
        covered commodity, as determined by the Secretary; or
            (2) the national average loan rate for a marketing 
        assistance loan for the covered commodity in effect for 
        such crop year under subtitle B.
    (c) Payment Rate.--The payment rate shall be equal to the 
difference between--
            (1) the reference price for the covered commodity; 
        and
            (2) the effective price determined under subsection 
        (b) for the covered commodity.
    (d) Payment Amount.--If price loss coverage payments are 
required to be provided under this section for any of the 2014 
through 2018 crop years for a covered commodity, the amount of 
the price loss coverage payment to be paid to the producers on 
a farm for the crop year shall be equal to the product obtained 
by multiplying--
            (1) the payment rate for the covered commodity 
        under subsection (c);
            (2) the payment yield for the covered commodity; 
        and
            (3) the payment acres for the covered commodity.
    (e) Time for Payments.--If the Secretary determines under 
this section that price loss coverage payments are required to 
be provided for the covered commodity, the payments shall be 
made beginning October 1, or as soon as practicable thereafter, 
after the end of the applicable marketing year for the covered 
commodity.
    (f) Effective Price for Barley.--In determining the 
effective price for barley under subsection (b), the Secretary 
shall use the all-barley price.
    (g) Reference Price for Temperate Japonica Rice.--The 
Secretary shall provide a reference price with respect to 
temperate japonica rice in an amount equal to 115 percent of 
the amount established in subparagraphs (F) and (G) of section 
1111(18) in order to reflect price premiums.

SEC. 1117. AGRICULTURE RISK COVERAGE.

    (a) Agriculture Risk Coverage Payments.--If all of the 
producers on a farm make the election under section 1115(a) to 
obtain agriculture risk coverage, the Secretary shall make 
agriculture risk coverage payments to producers on the farm if 
the Secretary determines that, for any of the 2014 through 2018 
crop years--
            (1) the actual crop revenue determined under 
        subsection (b) for the crop year; is less than
            (2) the agriculture risk coverage guarantee 
        determined under subsection (c) for the crop year.
    (b) Actual Crop Revenue.--
            (1) County coverage.--In the case of county 
        coverage, the amount of the actual crop revenue for a 
        county for a crop year of a covered commodity shall be 
        equal to the product obtained by multiplying--
                    (A) the actual average county yield per 
                planted acre for the covered commodity, as 
                determined by the Secretary; and
                    (B) the higher of--
                            (i) the national average market 
                        price received by producers during the 
                        12-month marketing year for the covered 
                        commodity, as determined by the 
                        Secretary; or
                            (ii) the national average loan rate 
                        for a marketing assistance loan for the 
                        covered commodity in effect for such 
                        crop year under subtitle B.
            (2) Individual coverage.--In the case of individual 
        coverage, the amount of the actual crop revenue for a 
        producer on a farm for a crop year shall be based on 
        the producer's share of all covered commodities planted 
        on all farms for which individual coverage has been 
        selected and in which the producer has an interest, to 
        be determined by the Secretary as follows:
                    (A) For each covered commodity, the product 
                obtained by multiplying--
                            (i) the total production of the 
                        covered commodity on such farms, as 
                        determined by the Secretary; and
                            (ii) the higher of--
                                    (I) the national average 
                                market price received by 
                                producers during the 12-month 
                                marketing year, as determined 
                                by the Secretary; or
                                    (II) the national average 
                                loan rate for a marketing 
                                assistance loan for the covered 
                                commodity in effect for such 
                                crop year under subtitle B.
                    (B) The sum of the amounts determined under 
                subparagraph (A) for all covered commodities on 
                such farms.
                    (C) The quotient obtained by dividing the 
                amount determined under subparagraph (B) by the 
                total planted acres of all covered commodities 
                on such farms.
    (c) Agriculture Risk Coverage Guarantee.--
            (1) In general.--The agriculture risk coverage 
        guarantee for a crop year for a covered commodity shall 
        equal 86 percent of the benchmark revenue.
            (2) Benchmark revenue for county coverage.--In the 
        case of county coverage, the benchmark revenue shall be 
        the product obtained by multiplying--
                    (A) subject to paragraph (4), the average 
                historical county yield as determined by the 
                Secretary for the most recent 5 crop years, 
                excluding each of the crop years with the 
                highest and lowest yields; and
                    (B) subject to paragraph (5), the national 
                average market price received by producers 
                during the 12-month marketing year for the most 
                recent 5 crop years, excluding each of the crop 
                years with the highest and lowest prices.
            (3) Benchmark revenue for individual coverage.--In 
        the case of individual coverage, the benchmark revenue 
        for a producer on a farm for a crop year shall be based 
        on the producer's share of all covered commodities 
        planted on all farms for which individual coverage has 
        been selected and in which the producer has an 
        interest, to be determined by the Secretary as follows:
                    (A) For each covered commodity for each of 
                the most recent 5 crop years, the product 
                obtained by multiplying--
                            (i) subject to paragraph (4), the 
                        yield per planted acre for the covered 
                        commodity on such farms, as determined 
                        by the Secretary; by
                            (ii) subject to paragraph (5), the 
                        national average market price received 
                        by producers during the 12-month 
                        marketing year.
                    (B) For each covered commodity, the average 
                of the revenues determined under subparagraph 
                (A) for the most recent 5 crop years, excluding 
                each of the crop years with the highest and 
                lowest revenues.
                    (C) For each of the 2014 through 2018 crop 
                years, the sum of the amounts determined under 
                subparagraph (B) for all covered commodities on 
                such farms, but adjusted to reflect the ratio 
                between the total number of acres planted on 
                such farms to a covered commodity and the total 
                acres of all covered commodities planted on 
                such farms.
            (4) Yield conditions.--If the yield per planted 
        acre for the covered commodity or historical county 
        yield per planted acre for the covered commodity for 
        any of the 5 most recent crop years, as determined by 
        the Secretary, is less than 70 percent of the 
        transitional yield, as determined by the Secretary, the 
        amounts used for any of those years in paragraph (2)(A) 
        or (3)(A)(i) shall be 70 percent of the transitional 
        yield.
            (5) Reference price.--If the national average 
        market price received by producers during the 12-month 
        marketing year for any of the 5 most recent crop years 
        is lower than the reference price for the covered 
        commodity, the Secretary shall use the reference price 
        for any of those years for the amounts in paragraph 
        (2)(B) or (3)(A)(ii).
    (d) Payment Rate.--The payment rate for a covered 
commodity, in the case of county coverage, or a farm, in the 
case of individual coverage, shall be equal to the lesser of--
            (1) the amount that--
                    (A) the agriculture risk coverage guarantee 
                for the crop year applicable under subsection 
                (c); exceeds
                    (B) the actual crop revenue for the crop 
                year applicable under subsection (b); or
            (2) 10 percent of the benchmark revenue for the 
        crop year applicable under subsection (c).
    (e) Payment Amount.--If agriculture risk coverage payments 
are required to be paid for any of the 2014 through 2018 crop 
years, the amount of the agriculture risk coverage payment for 
the crop year shall be determined by multiplying--
            (1) the payment rate determined under subsection 
        (d); and
            (2) the payment acres determined under section 
        1114.
    (f) Time for Payments.--If the Secretary determines that 
agriculture risk coverage payments are required to be provided 
for the covered commodity, payments shall be made beginning 
October 1, or as soon as practicable thereafter, after the end 
of the applicable marketing year for the covered commodity.
    (g) Additional Duties of the Secretary.--In providing 
agriculture risk coverage, the Secretary shall--
            (1) to the maximum extent practicable, use all 
        available information and analysis, including data 
        mining, to check for anomalies in the determination of 
        agriculture risk coverage payments;
            (2) to the maximum extent practicable, calculate a 
        separate actual crop revenue and agriculture risk 
        coverage guarantee for irrigated and nonirrigated 
        covered commodities;
            (3) in the case of individual coverage, assign an 
        average yield for a farm on the basis of the yield 
        history of representative farms in the State, region, 
        or crop reporting district, as determined by the 
        Secretary, if the Secretary determines that the farm 
        has planted acreage in a quantity that is insufficient 
        to calculate a representative average yield for the 
        farm; and
            (4) in the case of county coverage, assign an 
        actual or benchmark county yield for each planted acre 
        for the crop year for the covered commodity on the 
        basis of the yield history of representative farms in 
        the State, region, or crop reporting district, as 
        determined by the Secretary, if--
                    (A) the Secretary cannot establish the 
                actual or benchmark county yield for each 
                planted acre for a crop year for a covered 
                commodity in the county in accordance with 
                subsection (b)(1) or (c)(2); or
                    (B) the yield determined under subsection 
                (b)(1) or (c)(2) is an unrepresentative average 
                yield for the county, as determined by the 
                Secretary.

SEC. 1118. PRODUCER AGREEMENTS.

    (a) Compliance With Certain Requirements.--
            (1) Requirements.--Before the producers on a farm 
        may receive payments under this subtitle with respect 
        to the farm, the producers shall agree, during the crop 
        year for which the payments are made and in exchange 
        for the payments--
                    (A) to comply with applicable conservation 
                requirements under subtitle B of title XII of 
                the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3811 
                et seq.);
                    (B) to comply with applicable wetland 
                protection requirements under subtitle C of 
                title XII of that Act (16 U.S.C. 3821 et seq.);
                    (C) to effectively control noxious weeds 
                and otherwise maintain the land in accordance 
                with sound agricultural practices, as 
                determined by the Secretary; and
                    (D) to use the land on the farm, in a 
                quantity equal to the attributable base acres 
                for the farm and any base acres for an 
                agricultural or conserving use, and not for a 
                nonagricultural commercial, industrial, or 
                residential use, as determined by the 
                Secretary.
            (2) Compliance.--The Secretary may issue such rules 
        as the Secretary considers necessary to ensure producer 
        compliance with the requirements of paragraph (1).
            (3) Modification.--At the request of the transferee 
        or owner, the Secretary may modify the requirements of 
        this subsection if the modifications are consistent 
        with the objectives of this subsection, as determined 
        by the Secretary.
    (b) Transfer or Change of Interest in Farm.--
            (1) Termination.--
                    (A) In general.--Except as provided in 
                paragraph (2), a transfer of (or change in) the 
                interest of the producers on a farm for which 
                payments under this subtitle are provided shall 
                result in the termination of the payments, 
                unless the transferee or owner of the acreage 
                agrees to assume all obligations under 
                subsection (a).
                    (B) Effective date.--The termination shall 
                take effect on the date determined by the 
                Secretary.
            (2) Exception.--If a producer entitled to a payment 
        under this subtitle dies, becomes incompetent, or is 
        otherwise unable to receive the payment, the Secretary 
        shall make the payment in accordance with rules issued 
        by the Secretary.
    (c) Acreage Reports.--As a condition on the receipt of any 
benefits under this subtitle or subtitle B, the Secretary shall 
require producers on a farm to submit to the Secretary annual 
acreage reports with respect to all cropland on the farm.
    (d) Production Reports.--As an additional condition on 
receiving agriculture risk coverage payments for individual 
coverage, the Secretary shall require a producer on a farm to 
submit to the Secretary annual production reports with respect 
to all covered commodities produced on all farms in the same 
State--
            (1) in which the producer has an interest; and
            (2) for which individual coverage has been 
        selected.
    (e) Effect of Inaccurate Reports.--No penalty with respect 
to benefits under this subtitle or subtitle B shall be assessed 
against a producer on a farm for an inaccurate acreage or 
production report unless the Secretary determines that the 
producer on the farm knowingly and willfully falsified the 
acreage or production report.
    (f) Tenants and Sharecroppers.--In carrying out this 
subtitle, the Secretary shall provide adequate safeguards to 
protect the interests of tenants and sharecroppers.
    (g) Sharing of Payments.--The Secretary shall provide for 
the sharing of payments made under this subtitle among the 
producers on a farm on a fair and equitable basis.

SEC. 1119. TRANSITION ASSISTANCE FOR PRODUCERS OF UPLAND COTTON.

    (a) Availability.--
            (1) Purpose.--It is the purpose of this section to 
        provide transition assistance to producers of upland 
        cotton in light of the repeal of section 1103 of the 
        Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 
        8713), the inapplicability of sections 1116 and 1117 to 
        upland cotton, and the delayed implementation of the 
        Stacked Income Protection Plan required by section 508B 
        of the Federal Crop Insurance Act (7 U.S.C. 1508b), as 
        added by section 11017 of this Act.
            (2) 2014 crop year.--For the 2014 crop of upland 
        cotton, the Secretary shall provide transition 
        assistance, pursuant to the terms and conditions of 
        this section, to producers on a farm for which cotton 
        base acres were in existence for the 2013 crop year.
            (3) 2015 crop year.--For the 2015 crop of upland 
        cotton, the Secretary shall provide transition 
        assistance, pursuant to the terms and conditions of 
        this section, to producers on a farm--
                    (A) for which cotton base acres were in 
                existence for the 2013 crop year; and
                    (B) that is located in a county in which 
                the Stacked Income Protection Plan required by 
                section 508B of the Federal Crop Insurance Act 
                (7 U.S.C. 1508b) is not available to producers 
                of upland cotton for the 2015 crop year.
    (b) Transition Assistance Rate.--The transition assistance 
rate shall be equal to the product obtained by multiplying--
            (1) the June 12, 2013, midpoint estimate for the 
        marketing year average price of upland cotton received 
        by producers for the marketing year beginning August 1, 
        2013, minus the December 10, 2013, midpoint estimate 
        for the marketing year average price of upland cotton 
        received by producers for the marketing year beginning 
        August 1, 2013, as contained in the applicable World 
        Agricultural Supply and Demand Estimates report 
        published by the Department of Agriculture; and
            (2) the national program yield for upland cotton of 
        597 pounds per acre.
    (c) Calculation of Transition Assistance Amount.--The 
amount of transition assistance to be provided under this 
section to producers on a farm for a crop year shall be equal 
to the product obtained by multiplying--
            (1) for the 2014 crop year, 60 percent, and for the 
        2015 crop year, 36.5 percent, of the cotton base acres 
        referred to in subsection (a) for the farm, subject to 
        adjustment or reduction for conservation measures as 
        provided in subsections (b) and (c) of section 1112;
            (2) the transition assistance rate in effect for 
        the crop year under subsection (b); and
            (3) the payment yield for upland cotton for the 
        farm established for purposes of section 1103(c)(3) of 
        the Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008 (7 
        U.S.C. 8713(c)(3)), divided by the national program 
        yield for upland cotton of 597 pounds per acre.
    (d) Time for Payment.--The Secretary may not make 
transition assistance payments for a crop year under this 
section before October 1 of the calendar year in which the crop 
of upland cotton is harvested.
    (e) Payment Limitations.--Sections 1001 through 1001C of 
the Food Security Act of 1985 (7 U.S.C. 1308 through 1308C), as 
in effect on September 30, 2013, shall apply to the receipt of 
transition assistance under this section in the same manner as 
such sections applied to section 1103 of the Food, 
Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 8713).

                      Subtitle B--Marketing Loans

SEC. 1201. AVAILABILITY OF NONRECOURSE MARKETING ASSISTANCE LOANS FOR 
                    LOAN COMMODITIES.

    (a) Definition of Loan Commodity.--In this subtitle, the 
term ``loan commodity'' means wheat, corn, grain sorghum, 
barley, oats, upland cotton, extra long staple cotton, long 
grain rice, medium grain rice, peanuts, soybeans, other 
oilseeds, graded wool, nongraded wool, mohair, honey, dry peas, 
lentils, small chickpeas, and large chickpeas.
    (b) Nonrecourse Loans Available.--
            (1) In general.--For each of the 2014 through 2018 
        crops of each loan commodity, the Secretary shall make 
        available to producers on a farm nonrecourse marketing 
        assistance loans for loan commodities produced on the 
        farm.
            (2) Terms and conditions.--The marketing assistance 
        loans shall be made under terms and conditions that are 
        prescribed by the Secretary and at the loan rate 
        established under section 1202 for the loan commodity.
    (c) Eligible Production.--The producers on a farm shall be 
eligible for a marketing assistance loan under subsection (b) 
for any quantity of a loan commodity produced on the farm.
    (d) Compliance With Conservation and Wetlands 
Requirements.--As a condition of the receipt of a marketing 
assistance loan under subsection (b), the producer shall comply 
with applicable conservation requirements under subtitle B of 
title XII of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3811 et 
seq.) and applicable wetland protection requirements under 
subtitle C of title XII of that Act (16 U.S.C. 3821 et seq.) 
during the term of the loan.
    (e) Special Rules for Peanuts.--
            (1) In general.--This subsection shall apply only 
        to producers of peanuts.
            (2) Options for obtaining loan.--A marketing 
        assistance loan under this section, and loan deficiency 
        payments under section 1205, may be obtained at the 
        option of the producers on a farm through--
                    (A) a designated marketing association or 
                marketing cooperative of producers that is 
                approved by the Secretary; or
                    (B) the Farm Service Agency.
            (3) Storage of loan peanuts.--As a condition on the 
        approval by the Secretary of an individual or entity to 
        provide storage for peanuts for which a marketing 
        assistance loan is made under this section, the 
        individual or entity shall agree--
                    (A) to provide the storage on a 
                nondiscriminatory basis; and
                    (B) to comply with such additional 
                requirements as the Secretary considers 
                appropriate to accomplish the purposes of this 
                section and promote fairness in the 
                administration of the benefits of this section.
            (4) Storage, handling, and associated costs.--
                    (A) In general.--To ensure proper storage 
                of peanuts for which a loan is made under this 
                section, the Secretary shall pay handling and 
                other associated costs (other than storage 
                costs) incurred at the time at which the 
                peanuts are placed under loan, as determined by 
                the Secretary.
                    (B) Redemption and forfeiture.--The 
                Secretary shall--
                            (i) require the repayment of 
                        handling and other associated costs 
                        paid under subparagraph (A) for all 
                        peanuts pledged as collateral for a 
                        loan that is redeemed under this 
                        section; and
                            (ii) pay storage, handling, and 
                        other associated costs for all peanuts 
                        pledged as collateral that are 
                        forfeited under this section.
            (5) Marketing.--A marketing association or 
        cooperative may market peanuts for which a loan is made 
        under this section in any manner that conforms to 
        consumer needs, including the separation of peanuts by 
        type and quality.
            (6) Reimbursable agreements and payment of 
        administrative expenses.--The Secretary may implement 
        any reimbursable agreements or provide for the payment 
        of administrative expenses under this subsection only 
        in a manner that is consistent with those activities in 
        regard to other loan commodities.

SEC. 1202. LOAN RATES FOR NONRECOURSE MARKETING ASSISTANCE LOANS.

    (a) In General.--For purposes of each of the 2014 through 
2018 crop years, the loan rate for a marketing assistance loan 
under section 1201 for a loan commodity shall be equal to the 
following:
            (1) In the case of wheat, $2.94 per bushel.
            (2) In the case of corn, $1.95 per bushel.
            (3) In the case of grain sorghum, $1.95 per bushel.
            (4) In the case of barley, $1.95 per bushel.
            (5) In the case of oats, $1.39 per bushel.
            (6) In the case of base quality of upland cotton, 
        for each of the 2014 through 2018 crop years, the 
        simple average of the adjusted prevailing world price 
        for the 2 immediately preceding marketing years, as 
        determined by the Secretary and announced October 1 
        preceding the next domestic plantings, but in no case 
        less than $0.45 per pound or more than $0.52 per pound.
            (7) In the case of extra long staple cotton, 
        $0.7977 per pound.
            (8) In the case of long grain rice, $6.50 per 
        hundredweight.
            (9) In the case of medium grain rice, $6.50 per 
        hundredweight.
            (10) In the case of soybeans, $5.00 per bushel.
            (11) In the case of other oilseeds, $10.09 per 
        hundredweight for each of the following kinds of 
        oilseeds:
                    (A) Sunflower seed.
                    (B) Rapeseed.
                    (C) Canola.
                    (D) Safflower.
                    (E) Flaxseed.
                    (F) Mustard seed.
                    (G) Crambe.
                    (H) Sesame seed.
                    (I) Other oilseeds designated by the 
                Secretary.
            (12) In the case of dry peas, $5.40 per 
        hundredweight.
            (13) In the case of lentils, $11.28 per 
        hundredweight.
            (14) In the case of small chickpeas, $7.43 per 
        hundredweight.
            (15) In the case of large chickpeas, $11.28 per 
        hundredweight.
            (16) In the case of graded wool, $1.15 per pound.
            (17) In the case of nongraded wool, $0.40 per 
        pound.
            (18) In the case of mohair, $4.20 per pound.
            (19) In the case of honey, $0.69 per pound.
            (20) In the case of peanuts, $355 per ton.
    (b) Single County Loan Rate for Other Oilseeds.--The 
Secretary shall establish a single loan rate in each county for 
each kind of other oilseeds described in subsection (a)(11).

SEC. 1203. TERM OF LOANS.

    (a) Term of Loan.--In the case of each loan commodity, a 
marketing assistance loan under section 1201 shall have a term 
of 9 months beginning on the first day of the first month after 
the month in which the loan is made.
    (b) Extensions Prohibited.--The Secretary may not extend 
the term of a marketing assistance loan for any loan commodity.

SEC. 1204. REPAYMENT OF LOANS.

    (a) General Rule.--The Secretary shall permit the producers 
on a farm to repay a marketing assistance loan under section 
1201 for a loan commodity (other than upland cotton, long grain 
rice, medium grain rice, extra long staple cotton, peanuts and 
confectionery and each other kind of sunflower seed (other than 
oil sunflower seed)) at a rate that is the lesser of--
            (1) the loan rate established for the commodity 
        under section 1202, plus interest (determined in 
        accordance with section 163 of the Federal Agriculture 
        Improvement and Reform Act of 1996 (7 U.S.C. 7283));
            (2) a rate (as determined by the Secretary) that--
                    (A) is calculated based on average market 
                prices for the loan commodity during the 
                preceding 30-day period; and
                    (B) will minimize discrepancies in 
                marketing loan benefits across State boundaries 
                and across county boundaries; or
            (3) a rate that the Secretary may develop using 
        alternative methods for calculating a repayment rate 
        for a loan commodity that the Secretary determines 
        will--
                    (A) minimize potential loan forfeitures;
                    (B) minimize the accumulation of stocks of 
                the commodity by the Federal Government;
                    (C) minimize the cost incurred by the 
                Federal Government in storing the commodity;
                    (D) allow the commodity produced in the 
                United States to be marketed freely and 
                competitively, both domestically and 
                internationally; and
                    (E) minimize discrepancies in marketing 
                loan benefits across State boundaries and 
                across county boundaries.
    (b) Repayment Rates for Upland Cotton, Long Grain Rice, and 
Medium Grain Rice.--The Secretary shall permit producers to 
repay a marketing assistance loan under section 1201 for upland 
cotton, long grain rice, and medium grain rice at a rate that 
is the lesser of--
            (1) the loan rate established for the commodity 
        under section 1202, plus interest (determined in 
        accordance with section 163 of the Federal Agriculture 
        Improvement and Reform Act of 1996 (7 U.S.C. 7283)); or
            (2) the prevailing world market price for the 
        commodity, as determined and adjusted by the Secretary 
        in accordance with this section.
    (c) Repayment Rates for Extra Long Staple Cotton.--
Repayment of a marketing assistance loan for extra long staple 
cotton shall be at the loan rate established for the commodity 
under section 1202, plus interest (determined in accordance 
with section 163 of the Federal Agriculture Improvement and 
Reform Act of 1996 (7 U.S.C. 7283)).
    (d) Prevailing World Market Price.--For purposes of this 
section and section 1207, the Secretary shall prescribe by 
regulation--
            (1) a formula to determine the prevailing world 
        market price for each of upland cotton, long grain 
        rice, and medium grain rice; and
            (2) a mechanism by which the Secretary shall 
        announce periodically those prevailing world market 
        prices.
    (e) Adjustment of Prevailing World Market Price for Upland 
Cotton, Long Grain Rice, and Medium Grain Rice.--
            (1) Rice.--The prevailing world market price for 
        long grain rice and medium grain rice determined under 
        subsection (d) shall be adjusted to United States 
        quality and location.
            (2) Cotton.--The prevailing world market price for 
        upland cotton determined under subsection (d)--
                    (A) shall be adjusted to United States 
                quality and location, with the adjustment to 
                include--
                            (i) a reduction equal to any United 
                        States Premium Factor for upland cotton 
                        of a quality higher than Middling (M) 
                        1\3/32\-inch; and
                            (ii) the average costs to market 
                        the commodity, including average 
                        transportation costs, as determined by 
                        the Secretary; and
                    (B) may be further adjusted, during the 
                period beginning on the date of enactment of 
                this Act and ending on July 31, 2019, if the 
                Secretary determines the adjustment is 
                necessary--
                            (i) to minimize potential loan 
                        forfeitures;
                            (ii) to minimize the accumulation 
                        of stocks of upland cotton by the 
                        Federal Government;
                            (iii) to ensure that upland cotton 
                        produced in the United States can be 
                        marketed freely and competitively, both 
                        domestically and internationally; and
                            (iv) to ensure an appropriate 
                        transition between current-crop and 
                        forward-crop price quotations, except 
                        that the Secretary may use forward-crop 
                        price quotations prior to July 31 of a 
                        marketing year only if--
                                    (I) there are insufficient 
                                current-crop price quotations; 
                                and
                                    (II) the forward-crop price 
                                quotation is the lowest such 
                                quotation available.
            (3) Guidelines for additional adjustments.--In 
        making adjustments under this subsection, the Secretary 
        shall establish a mechanism for determining and 
        announcing the adjustments in order to avoid undue 
        disruption in the United States market.
    (f) Repayment Rates for Confectionery and Other Kinds of 
Sunflower Seeds.--The Secretary shall permit the producers on a 
farm to repay a marketing assistance loan under section 1201 
for confectionery and each other kind of sunflower seed (other 
than oil sunflower seed) at a rate that is the lesser of--
            (1) the loan rate established for the commodity 
        under section 1202, plus interest (determined in 
        accordance with section 163 of the Federal Agriculture 
        Improvement and Reform Act of 1996 (7 U.S.C. 7283)); or
            (2) the repayment rate established for oil 
        sunflower seed.
    (g) Payment of Cotton Storage Costs.--Effective for each of 
the 2014 through 2018 crop years, the Secretary shall make 
cotton storage payments available in the same manner, and at 
the same rates as the Secretary provided storage payments for 
the 2006 crop of cotton, except that the rates shall be reduced 
by 10 percent.
    (h) Repayment Rate for Peanuts.--The Secretary shall permit 
producers on a farm to repay a marketing assistance loan for 
peanuts under section 1201 at a rate that is the lesser of--
            (1) the loan rate established for peanuts under 
        section 1202(a)(20), plus interest (determined in 
        accordance with section 163 of the Federal Agriculture 
        Improvement and Reform Act of 1996 (7 U.S.C. 7283)); or
            (2) a rate that the Secretary determines will--
                    (A) minimize potential loan forfeitures;
                    (B) minimize the accumulation of stocks of 
                peanuts by the Federal Government;
                    (C) minimize the cost incurred by the 
                Federal Government in storing peanuts; and
                    (D) allow peanuts produced in the United 
                States to be marketed freely and competitively, 
                both domestically and internationally.
    (i) Authority To Temporarily Adjust Repayment Rates.--
            (1) Adjustment authority.--In the event of a severe 
        disruption to marketing, transportation, or related 
        infrastructure, the Secretary may modify the repayment 
        rate otherwise applicable under this section for 
        marketing assistance loans under section 1201 for a 
        loan commodity.
            (2) Duration.--Any adjustment made under paragraph 
        (1) in the repayment rate for marketing assistance 
        loans for a loan commodity shall be in effect on a 
        short-term and temporary basis, as determined by the 
        Secretary.

SEC. 1205. LOAN DEFICIENCY PAYMENTS.

    (a) Availability of Loan Deficiency Payments.--
            (1) In general.--Except as provided in subsection 
        (d), the Secretary may make loan deficiency payments 
        available to producers on a farm that, although 
        eligible to obtain a marketing assistance loan under 
        section 1201 with respect to a loan commodity, agree to 
        forgo obtaining the loan for the commodity in return 
        for loan deficiency payments under this section.
            (2) Unshorn pelts, hay, and silage.--
                    (A) Marketing assistance loans.--Subject to 
                subparagraph (B), nongraded wool in the form of 
                unshorn pelts and hay and silage derived from a 
                loan commodity are not eligible for a marketing 
                assistance loan under section 1201.
                    (B) Loan deficiency payment.--Effective for 
                each of the 2014 through 2018 crop years, the 
                Secretary may make loan deficiency payments 
                available under this section to producers on a 
                farm that produce unshorn pelts or hay and 
                silage derived from a loan commodity.
    (b) Computation.--A loan deficiency payment for a loan 
commodity or commodity referred to in subsection (a)(2) shall 
be equal to the product obtained by multiplying--
            (1) the payment rate determined under subsection 
        (c) for the commodity; by
            (2) the quantity of the commodity produced by the 
        eligible producers, excluding any quantity for which 
        the producers obtain a marketing assistance loan under 
        section 1201.
    (c) Payment Rate.--
            (1) In general.--In the case of a loan commodity, 
        the payment rate shall be the amount by which--
                    (A) the loan rate established under section 
                1202 for the loan commodity; exceeds
                    (B) the rate at which a marketing 
                assistance loan for the loan commodity may be 
                repaid under section 1204.
            (2) Unshorn pelts.--In the case of unshorn pelts, 
        the payment rate shall be the amount by which--
                    (A) the loan rate established under section 
                1202 for ungraded wool; exceeds
                    (B) the rate at which a marketing 
                assistance loan for ungraded wool may be repaid 
                under section 1204.
            (3) Hay and silage.--In the case of hay or silage 
        derived from a loan commodity, the payment rate shall 
        be the amount by which--
                    (A) the loan rate established under section 
                1202 for the loan commodity from which the hay 
                or silage is derived; exceeds
                    (B) the rate at which a marketing 
                assistance loan for the loan commodity may be 
                repaid under section 1204.
    (d) Exception for Extra Long Staple Cotton.--This section 
shall not apply with respect to extra long staple cotton.
    (e) Effective Date for Payment Rate Determination.--The 
Secretary shall determine the amount of the loan deficiency 
payment to be made under this section to the producers on a 
farm with respect to a quantity of a loan commodity or 
commodity referred to in subsection (a)(2) using the payment 
rate in effect under subsection (c) as of the date the 
producers request the payment.

SEC. 1206. PAYMENTS IN LIEU OF LOAN DEFICIENCY PAYMENTS FOR GRAZED 
                    ACREAGE.

    (a) Eligible Producers.--
            (1) In general.--Effective for each of the 2014 
        through 2018 crop years, in the case of a producer that 
        would be eligible for a loan deficiency payment under 
        section 1205 for wheat, barley, or oats, but that 
        elects to use acreage planted to the wheat, barley, or 
        oats for the grazing of livestock, the Secretary shall 
        make a payment to the producer under this section if 
        the producer enters into an agreement with the 
        Secretary to forgo any other harvesting of the wheat, 
        barley, or oats on that acreage.
            (2) Grazing of triticale acreage.--Effective for 
        each of the 2014 through 2018 crop years, with respect 
        to a producer on a farm that uses acreage planted to 
        triticale for the grazing of livestock, the Secretary 
        shall make a payment to the producer under this section 
        if the producer enters into an agreement with the 
        Secretary to forgo any other harvesting of triticale on 
        that acreage.
    (b) Payment Amount.--
            (1) In general.--The amount of a payment made under 
        this section to a producer on a farm described in 
        subsection (a)(1) shall be equal to the amount 
        determined by multiplying--
                    (A) the loan deficiency payment rate 
                determined under section 1205(c) in effect, as 
                of the date of the agreement, for the county in 
                which the farm is located; by
                    (B) the payment quantity determined by 
                multiplying--
                            (i) the quantity of the grazed 
                        acreage on the farm with respect to 
                        which the producer elects to forgo 
                        harvesting of wheat, barley, or oats; 
                        and
                            (ii)(I) the payment yield in effect 
                        for the calculation of price loss 
                        coverage under section 1115 with 
                        respect to that loan commodity on the 
                        farm;
                            (II) in the case of a farm for 
                        which agriculture risk coverage is 
                        elected under section 1116(a), the 
                        payment yield that would otherwise be 
                        in effect with respect to that loan 
                        commodity on the farm in the absence of 
                        such election; or
                            (III) in the case of a farm for 
                        which no payment yield is otherwise 
                        established for that loan commodity on 
                        the farm, an appropriate yield 
                        established by the Secretary in a 
                        manner consistent with section 1113(c).
            (2) Grazing of triticale acreage.--The amount of a 
        payment made under this section to a producer on a farm 
        described in subsection (a)(2) shall be equal to the 
        amount determined by multiplying--
                    (A) the loan deficiency payment rate 
                determined under section 1205(c) in effect for 
                wheat, as of the date of the agreement, for the 
                county in which the farm is located; by
                    (B) the payment quantity determined by 
                multiplying--
                            (i) the quantity of the grazed 
                        acreage on the farm with respect to 
                        which the producer elects to forgo 
                        harvesting of triticale; and
                            (ii)(I) the payment yield in effect 
                        for the calculation of price loss 
                        coverage under subtitle A with respect 
                        to wheat on the farm;
                            (II) in the case of a farm for 
                        which agriculture risk coverage is 
                        elected under section 1116(a), the 
                        payment yield that would otherwise be 
                        in effect for wheat on the farm in the 
                        absence of such election; or
                            (III) in the case of a farm for 
                        which no payment yield is otherwise 
                        established for wheat on the farm, an 
                        appropriate yield established by the 
                        Secretary in a manner consistent with 
                        section 1113(c).
    (c) Time, Manner, and Availability of Payment.--
            (1) Time and manner.--A payment under this section 
        shall be made at the same time and in the same manner 
        as loan deficiency payments are made under section 
        1205.
            (2) Availability.--
                    (A) In general.--The Secretary shall 
                establish an availability period for the 
                payments authorized by this section.
                    (B) Certain commodities.--In the case of 
                wheat, barley, and oats, the availability 
                period shall be consistent with the 
                availability period for the commodity 
                established by the Secretary for marketing 
                assistance loans authorized by this subtitle.
    (d) Prohibition on Crop Insurance Indemnity or Noninsured 
Crop Assistance.--A 2014 through 2018 crop of wheat, barley, 
oats, or triticale planted on acreage that a producer elects, 
in the agreement required by subsection (a), to use for the 
grazing of livestock in lieu of any other harvesting of the 
crop shall not be eligible for an indemnity under a policy or 
plan of insurance authorized under the Federal Crop Insurance 
Act (7 U.S.C. 1501 et seq.) or noninsured crop assistance under 
section 196 of the Federal Agriculture Improvement and Reform 
Act of 1996 (7 U.S.C. 7333).

SEC. 1207. SPECIAL MARKETING LOAN PROVISIONS FOR UPLAND COTTON.

    (a) Special Import Quota.--
            (1) Definition of special import quota.--In this 
        subsection, the term ``special import quota'' means a 
        quantity of imports that is not subject to the over-
        quota tariff rate of a tariff-rate quota.
            (2) Establishment.--
                    (A) In general.--The President shall carry 
                out an import quota program beginning on August 
                1, 2014, as provided in this subsection.
                    (B) Program requirements.--Whenever the 
                Secretary determines and announces that for any 
                consecutive 4-week period, the Friday through 
                Thursday average price quotation for the 
                lowest-priced United States growth, as quoted 
                for Middling (M) 1\3/32\-inch cotton, delivered 
                to a definable and significant international 
                market, as determined by the Secretary, exceeds 
                the prevailing world market price, there shall 
                immediately be in effect a special import 
                quota.
            (3) Quantity.--The quota shall be equal to the 
        consumption during a 1-week period of cotton by 
        domestic mills at the seasonally adjusted average rate 
        of the most recent 3 months for which official data of 
        the Department of Agriculture are available or, in the 
        absence of sufficient data, as estimated by the 
        Secretary.
            (4) Application.--The quota shall apply to upland 
        cotton purchased not later than 90 days after the date 
        of the Secretary's announcement under paragraph (2) and 
        entered into the United States not later than 180 days 
        after that date.
            (5) Overlap.--A special quota period may be 
        established that overlaps any existing quota period if 
        required by paragraph (2), except that a special quota 
        period may not be established under this subsection if 
        a quota period has been established under subsection 
        (b).
            (6) Preferential tariff treatment.--The quantity 
        under a special import quota shall be considered to be 
        an in-quota quantity for purposes of--
                    (A) section 213(d) of the Caribbean Basin 
                Economic Recovery Act (19 U.S.C. 2703(d));
                    (B) section 204 of the Andean Trade 
                Preference Act (19 U.S.C. 3203);
                    (C) section 503(d) of the Trade Act of 1974 
                (19 U.S.C. 2463(d)); and
                    (D) General Note 3(a)(iv) to the Harmonized 
                Tariff Schedule.
            (7) Limitation.--The quantity of cotton entered 
        into the United States during any marketing year under 
        the special import quota established under this 
        subsection may not exceed the equivalent of 10 weeks' 
        consumption of upland cotton by domestic mills at the 
        seasonally adjusted average rate of the 3 months 
        immediately preceding the first special import quota 
        established in any marketing year.
    (b) Limited Global Import Quota for Upland Cotton.--
            (1) Definitions.--In this subsection:
                    (A) Demand.--The term ``demand'' means--
                            (i) the average seasonally adjusted 
                        annual rate of domestic mill 
                        consumption of cotton during the most 
                        recent 3 months for which official data 
                        of the Department of Agriculture are 
                        available or, in the absence of 
                        sufficient data, as estimated by the 
                        Secretary; and
                            (ii) the larger of--
                                    (I) average exports of 
                                upland cotton during the 
                                preceding 6 marketing years; or
                                    (II) cumulative exports of 
                                upland cotton plus outstanding 
                                export sales for the marketing 
                                year in which the quota is 
                                established.
                    (B) Limited global import quota.--The term 
                ``limited global import quota'' means a 
                quantity of imports that is not subject to the 
                over-quota tariff rate of a tariff-rate quota.
                    (C) Supply.--The term ``supply'' means, 
                using the latest official data of the 
                Department of Agriculture--
                            (i) the carry-over of upland cotton 
                        at the beginning of the marketing year 
                        (adjusted to 480-pound bales) in which 
                        the quota is established;
                            (ii) production of the current 
                        crop; and
                            (iii) imports to the latest date 
                        available during the marketing year.
            (2) Program.--The President shall carry out an 
        import quota program that provides that whenever the 
        Secretary determines and announces that the average 
        price of the base quality of upland cotton, as 
        determined by the Secretary, in the designated spot 
        markets for a month exceeded 130 percent of the average 
        price of the quality of cotton in the markets for the 
        preceding 36 months, notwithstanding any other 
        provision of law, there shall immediately be in effect 
        a limited global import quota subject to the following 
        conditions:
                    (A) Quantity.--The quantity of the quota 
                shall be equal to 21 days of domestic mill 
                consumption of upland cotton at the seasonally 
                adjusted average rate of the most recent 3 
                months for which official data of the 
                Department of Agriculture are available or, in 
                the absence of sufficient data, as estimated by 
                the Secretary.
                    (B) Quantity if prior quota.--If a quota 
                has been established under this subsection 
                during the preceding 12 months, the quantity of 
                the quota next established under this 
                subsection shall be the smaller of 21 days of 
                domestic mill consumption calculated under 
                subparagraph (A) or the quantity required to 
                increase the supply to 130 percent of the 
                demand.
                    (C) Preferential tariff treatment.--The 
                quantity under a limited global import quota 
                shall be considered to be an in-quota quantity 
                for purposes of--
                            (i) section 213(d) of the Caribbean 
                        Basin Economic Recovery Act (19 U.S.C. 
                        2703(d));
                            (ii) section 204 of the Andean 
                        Trade Preference Act (19 U.S.C. 3203);
                            (iii) section 503(d) of the Trade 
                        Act of 1974 (19 U.S.C. 2463(d)); and
                            (iv) General Note 3(a)(iv) to the 
                        Harmonized Tariff Schedule.
                    (D) Quota entry period.--When a quota is 
                established under this subsection, cotton may 
                be entered under the quota during the 90-day 
                period beginning on the date the quota is 
                established by the Secretary.
            (3) No overlap.--Notwithstanding paragraph (2), a 
        quota period may not be established that overlaps an 
        existing quota period or a special quota period 
        established under subsection (a).
    (c) Economic Adjustment Assistance to Users of Upland 
Cotton.--
            (1) In general.--Subject to paragraph (2), the 
        Secretary shall, on a monthly basis, make economic 
        adjustment assistance available to domestic users of 
        upland cotton in the form of payments for all 
        documented use of that upland cotton during the 
        previous monthly period regardless of the origin of the 
        upland cotton.
            (2) Value of assistance.--Effective beginning on 
        August 1, 2013, the value of the assistance provided 
        under paragraph (1) shall be 3 cents per pound.
            (3) Allowable purposes.--Economic adjustment 
        assistance under this subsection shall be made 
        available only to domestic users of upland cotton that 
        certify that the assistance shall be used only to 
        acquire, construct, install, modernize, develop, 
        convert, or expand land, plant, buildings, equipment, 
        facilities, or machinery.
            (4) Review or audit.--The Secretary may conduct 
        such review or audit of the records of a domestic user 
        under this subsection as the Secretary determines 
        necessary to carry out this subsection.
            (5) Improper use of assistance.--If the Secretary 
        determines, after a review or audit of the records of 
        the domestic user, that economic adjustment assistance 
        under this subsection was not used for the purposes 
        specified in paragraph (3), the domestic user shall 
        be--
                    (A) liable for the repayment of the 
                assistance to the Secretary, plus interest, as 
                determined by the Secretary; and
                    (B) ineligible to receive assistance under 
                this subsection for a period of 1 year 
                following the determination of the Secretary.

SEC. 1208. SPECIAL COMPETITIVE PROVISIONS FOR EXTRA LONG STAPLE COTTON.

    (a) Competitiveness Program.--Notwithstanding any other 
provision of law, during the period beginning on the date of 
enactment of this Act through July 31, 2019, the Secretary 
shall carry out a program--
            (1) to maintain and expand the domestic use of 
        extra long staple cotton produced in the United States;
            (2) to increase exports of extra long staple cotton 
        produced in the United States; and
            (3) to ensure that extra long staple cotton 
        produced in the United States remains competitive in 
        world markets.
    (b) Payments Under Program; Trigger.--Under the program, 
the Secretary shall make payments available under this section 
whenever--
            (1) for a consecutive 4-week period, the world 
        market price for the lowest priced competing growth of 
        extra long staple cotton (adjusted to United States 
        quality and location and for other factors affecting 
        the competitiveness of such cotton), as determined by 
        the Secretary, is below the prevailing United States 
        price for a competing growth of extra long staple 
        cotton; and
            (2) the lowest priced competing growth of extra 
        long staple cotton (adjusted to United States quality 
        and location and for other factors affecting the 
        competitiveness of such cotton), as determined by the 
        Secretary, is less than 134 percent of the loan rate 
        for extra long staple cotton.
    (c) Eligible Recipients.--The Secretary shall make payments 
available under this section to domestic users of extra long 
staple cotton produced in the United States and exporters of 
extra long staple cotton produced in the United States that 
enter into an agreement with the Commodity Credit Corporation 
to participate in the program under this section.
    (d) Payment Amount.--Payments under this section shall be 
based on the amount of the difference in the prices referred to 
in subsection (b)(1) during the fourth week of the consecutive 
4-week period multiplied by the amount of documented purchases 
by domestic users and sales for export by exporters made in the 
week following such a consecutive 4-week period.

SEC. 1209. AVAILABILITY OF RECOURSE LOANS FOR HIGH MOISTURE FEED GRAINS 
                    AND SEED COTTON.

    (a) High Moisture Feed Grains.--
            (1) Definition of high moisture state.--In this 
        subsection, the term ``high moisture state'' means corn 
        or grain sorghum having a moisture content in excess of 
        Commodity Credit Corporation standards for marketing 
        assistance loans made by the Secretary under section 
        1201.
            (2) Recourse loans available.--For each of the 2014 
        through 2018 crops of corn and grain sorghum, the 
        Secretary shall make available recourse loans, as 
        determined by the Secretary, to producers on a farm 
        that--
                    (A) normally harvest all or a portion of 
                their crop of corn or grain sorghum in a high 
                moisture state;
                    (B) present--
                            (i) certified scale tickets from an 
                        inspected, certified commercial scale, 
                        including a licensed warehouse, 
                        feedlot, feed mill, distillery, or 
                        other similar entity approved by the 
                        Secretary, pursuant to regulations 
                        issued by the Secretary; or
                            (ii) field or other physical 
                        measurements of the standing or stored 
                        crop in regions of the United States, 
                        as determined by the Secretary, that do 
                        not have certified commercial scales 
                        from which certified scale tickets may 
                        be obtained within reasonable proximity 
                        of harvest operation;
                    (C) certify that the producers on the farm 
                were the owners of the feed grain at the time 
                of delivery to, and that the quantity to be 
                placed under loan under this subsection was in 
                fact harvested on the farm and delivered to, a 
                feedlot, feed mill, or commercial or on-farm 
                high-moisture storage facility, or to a 
                facility maintained by the users of corn and 
                grain sorghum in a high moisture state; and
                    (D) comply with deadlines established by 
                the Secretary for harvesting the corn or grain 
                sorghum and submit applications for loans under 
                this subsection within deadlines established by 
                the Secretary.
            (3) Eligibility of acquired feed grains.--A loan 
        under this subsection shall be made on a quantity of 
        corn or grain sorghum of the same crop acquired by the 
        producer equivalent to a quantity determined by 
        multiplying--
                    (A) the acreage of the corn or grain 
                sorghum in a high moisture state harvested on 
                the farm of the producer; by
                    (B) the lower of--
                            (i) the payment yield in effect for 
                        the calculation of price loss coverage 
                        under section 1115, or the payment 
                        yield deemed to be in effect or 
                        established under subclause (II) or 
                        (III) of section 1206(b)(1)(B)(ii), 
                        with respect to corn or grain sorghum 
                        on a field that is similar to the field 
                        from which the corn or grain sorghum 
                        referred to in subparagraph (A) was 
                        obtained; or
                            (ii) the actual yield of corn or 
                        grain sorghum on a field, as determined 
                        by the Secretary, that is similar to 
                        the field from which the corn or grain 
                        sorghum referred to in subparagraph (A) 
                        was obtained.
    (b) Recourse Loans Available for Seed Cotton.--For each of 
the 2014 through 2018 crops of upland cotton and extra long 
staple cotton, the Secretary shall make available recourse seed 
cotton loans, as determined by the Secretary, on any 
production.
    (c) Repayment Rates.--Repayment of a recourse loan made 
under this section shall be at the loan rate established for 
the commodity by the Secretary, plus interest (determined in 
accordance with section 163 of the Federal Agriculture 
Improvement and Reform Act of 1996 (7 U.S.C. 7283)).

SEC. 1210. ADJUSTMENTS OF LOANS.

    (a) Adjustment Authority.--Subject to subsection (e), the 
Secretary may make appropriate adjustments in the loan rates 
for any loan commodity (other than cotton) for differences in 
grade, type, quality, location, and other factors.
    (b) Manner of Adjustment.--The adjustments under subsection 
(a) shall, to the maximum extent practicable, be made in such a 
manner that the average loan level for the commodity will, on 
the basis of the anticipated incidence of the factors, be equal 
to the level of support determined in accordance with this 
subtitle and subtitle C.
    (c) Adjustment on County Basis.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary may establish loan 
        rates for a crop for producers in individual counties 
        in a manner that results in the lowest loan rate being 
        95 percent of the national average loan rate, if those 
        loan rates do not result in an increase in outlays.
            (2) Prohibition.--Adjustments under this subsection 
        shall not result in an increase in the national average 
        loan rate for any year.
    (d) Adjustment in Loan Rate for Cotton.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary may make appropriate 
        adjustments in the loan rate for cotton for differences 
        in quality factors.
            (2) Types of adjustments.--Loan rate adjustments 
        under paragraph (1) may include--
                    (A) the use of non-spot market price data, 
                in addition to spot market price data, that 
                would enhance the accuracy of the price 
                information used in determining quality 
                adjustments under this subsection;
                    (B) adjustments in the premiums or 
                discounts associated with upland cotton with a 
                staple length of 33 or above due to micronaire 
                with the goal of eliminating any unnecessary 
                artificial splits in the calculations of the 
                premiums or discounts; and
                    (C) such other adjustments as the Secretary 
                determines appropriate, after consultations 
                conducted in accordance with paragraph (3).
            (3) Consultation with private sector.--
                    (A) Prior to revision.--In making 
                adjustments to the loan rate for cotton 
                (including any review of the adjustments) as 
                provided in this subsection, the Secretary 
                shall consult with representatives of the 
                United States cotton industry.
                    (B) Inapplicability of federal advisory 
                committee act.--The Federal Advisory Committee 
                Act (5 U.S.C. App.) shall not apply to 
                consultations under this subsection.
            (4) Review of adjustments.--The Secretary may 
        review the operation of the upland cotton quality 
        adjustments implemented pursuant to this subsection and 
        may make further adjustments to the administration of 
        the loan program for upland cotton, by revoking or 
        revising any adjustment taken under paragraph (2).
    (e) Rice.--The Secretary shall not make adjustments in the 
loan rates for long grain rice and medium grain rice, except 
for differences in grade and quality (including milling 
yields).

                           Subtitle C--Sugar

SEC. 1301. SUGAR POLICY.

    (a) Continuation of Current Program and Loan Rates.--
            (1) Sugarcane.--Section 156(a) of the Federal 
        Agriculture Improvement and Reform Act of 1996 (7 
        U.S.C. 7272(a)) is amended--
                    (A) by inserting ``and'' at the end of 
                paragraph (3);
                    (B) in paragraph (4), by striking ``the 
                2011 crop year; and'' and inserting ``each of 
                the 2011 through 2018 crop years.''; and
                    (C) by striking paragraph (5).
            (2) Sugar beets.--Section 156(b)(2) of the Federal 
        Agriculture Improvement and Reform Act of 1996 (7 
        U.S.C. 7272(b)(2)) is amended by striking ``2012'' and 
        inserting ``2018''.
            (3) Effective period.--Section 156(i) of the 
        Federal Agriculture Improvement and Reform Act of 1996 
        (7 U.S.C. 7272(i)) is amended by striking ``2012'' and 
        inserting ``2018''.
    (b) Flexible Marketing Allotments for Sugar.--
            (1) Sugar estimates.--Section 359b(a)(1) of the 
        Agricultural Adjustment Act of 1938 (7 U.S.C. 
        1359bb(a)(1)) is amended by striking ``2012'' and 
        inserting ``2018''.
            (2) Effective period.--Section 359l(a) of the 
        Agricultural Adjustment Act of 1938 (7 U.S.C. 
        1359ll(a)) is amended by striking ``2012'' and 
        inserting ``2018''.

                           Subtitle D--Dairy

         PART I--MARGIN PROTECTION PROGRAM FOR DAIRY PRODUCERS

SEC. 1401. DEFINITIONS.

    In this part and part III:
            (1) Actual dairy production margin.--The term 
        ``actual dairy production margin'' means the difference 
        between the all-milk price and the average feed cost, 
        as calculated under section 1402.
            (2) All-milk price.--The term ``all-milk price'' 
        means the average price received, per hundredweight of 
        milk, by dairy operations for all milk sold to plants 
        and dealers in the United States, as determined by the 
        Secretary.
            (3) Average feed cost.--The term ``average feed 
        cost'' means the average cost of feed used by a dairy 
        operation to produce a hundredweight of milk, 
        determined under section 1402 using the sum of the 
        following:
                    (A) The product determined by multiplying 
                1.0728 by the price of corn per bushel.
                    (B) The product determined by multiplying 
                0.00735 by the price of soybean meal per ton.
                    (C) The product determined by multiplying 
                0.0137 by the price of alfalfa hay per ton.
            (4) Consecutive 2-month period.--The term 
        ``consecutive 2-month period'' refers to the 2-month 
        period consisting of the months of January and 
        February, March and April, May and June, July and 
        August, September and October, or November and 
        December, respectively.
            (5) Dairy operation.--
                    (A) In general.--The term ``dairy 
                operation'' means, as determined by the 
                Secretary, 1 or more dairy producers that 
                produce and market milk as a single dairy 
                operation in which each dairy producer--
                            (i) shares in the risk of producing 
                        milk; and
                            (ii) makes contributions (including 
                        land, labor, management, equipment, or 
                        capital) to the dairy operation of the 
                        individual or entity, which are at 
                        least commensurate with the individual 
                        or entity's share of the proceeds of 
                        the operation.
                    (B) Additional ownership structures.--The 
                Secretary shall determine additional ownership 
                structures to be covered by the definition of 
                dairy operation.
            (6) Margin protection program.--The term ``margin 
        protection program'' means the margin protection 
        program required by section 1403.
            (7) Margin protection program payment.--The term 
        ``margin protection program payment'' means a payment 
        made to a participating dairy operation under the 
        margin protection program pursuant to section 1406.
            (8) Participating dairy operation.--The term 
        ``participating dairy operation'' means a dairy 
        operation that registers under section 1404 to 
        participate in the margin protection program.
            (9) Production history.--The term ``production 
        history'' means the production history determined for a 
        participating dairy operation under subsection (a) or 
        (b) of section 1405 when the participating dairy 
        operation first registers to participate in the margin 
        protection program.
            (10) Secretary.--The term ``Secretary'' means the 
        Secretary of Agriculture.
            (11) United states.--The term ``United States'', in 
        a geographical sense, means the 50 States, the District 
        of Columbia, American Samoa, Guam, the Commonwealth of 
        the Northern Mariana Islands, the Commonwealth of 
        Puerto Rico, the Virgin Islands of the United States, 
        and any other territory or possession of the United 
        States.

SEC. 1402. CALCULATION OF AVERAGE FEED COST AND ACTUAL DAIRY PRODUCTION 
                    MARGINS.

    (a) Calculation of Average Feed Cost.--The Secretary shall 
calculate the national average feed cost for each month using 
the following data:
            (1) The price of corn for a month shall be the 
        price received during that month by farmers in the 
        United States for corn, as reported in the monthly 
        Agricultural Prices report by the Secretary.
            (2) The price of soybean meal for a month shall be 
        the central Illinois price for soybean meal, as 
        reported in the Market News-Monthly Soybean Meal Price 
        Report by the Secretary.
            (3) The price of alfalfa hay for a month shall be 
        the price received during that month by farmers in the 
        United States for alfalfa hay, as reported in the 
        monthly Agricultural Prices report by the Secretary.
    (b) Calculation of Actual Dairy Production Margin.--
            (1) In general.--For use in the margin protection 
        program, the Secretary shall calculate the actual dairy 
        production margin for each consecutive 2-month period 
        by subtracting--
                    (A) the average feed cost for that 
                consecutive 2-month period, determined in 
                accordance with subsection (a); from
                    (B) the all-milk price for that consecutive 
                2-month period.
            (2) Time for calculation.--The calculation required 
        by this subsection shall be made as soon as practicable 
        using the full-month price of the applicable reference 
        month.

SEC. 1403. ESTABLISHMENT OF MARGIN PROTECTION PROGRAM FOR DAIRY 
                    PRODUCERS.

    Not later than September 1, 2014, the Secretary shall 
establish and administer a margin protection program for dairy 
producers under which participating dairy operations are paid a 
margin protection payment when actual dairy production margins 
are less than the threshold levels for a margin protection 
payment.

SEC. 1404. PARTICIPATION OF DAIRY OPERATIONS IN MARGIN PROTECTION 
                    PROGRAM.

    (a) Eligibility.--All dairy operations in the United States 
shall be eligible to participate in the margin protection 
program to receive margin protection payments.
    (b) Registration Process.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary shall specify the 
        manner and form by which a participating dairy 
        operation may register to participate in the margin 
        protection program.
            (2) Treatment of multiproducer dairy operations.--
        If a participating dairy operation is operated by more 
        than 1 dairy producer, all of the dairy producers of 
        the participating dairy operation shall be treated as a 
        single dairy operation for purposes of participating in 
        the margin protection program.
            (3) Treatment of producers with multiple dairy 
        operations.--If a dairy producer operates 2 or more 
        dairy operations, each dairy operation of the producer 
        shall separately register to participate in the margin 
        protection program.
    (c) Annual Administrative Fee.--
            (1) Administrative fee required.--Each 
        participating dairy operation shall--
                    (A) pay an administrative fee to register 
                to participate in the margin protection 
                program; and
                    (B) pay the administrative fee annually 
                through the duration of the margin protection 
                program specified in section 1409.
            (2) Amount of fee.--The administrative fee for a 
        participating dairy operation shall be $100.
            (3) Use of fees.--The Secretary shall use 
        administrative fees collected under this subsection to 
        cover administrative costs incurred to carry out the 
        margin protection program.
    (d) Relation to Livestock Gross Margin for Dairy Program.--
A dairy operation may participate in the margin protection 
program or the livestock gross margin for dairy program under 
the Federal Crop Insurance Act (7 U.S.C. 1501 et seq.), but not 
both.

SEC. 1405. PRODUCTION HISTORY OF PARTICIPATING DAIRY OPERATIONS.

    (a) Production History.--
            (1) In general.--Except as provided in subsection 
        (b), when a dairy operation first registers to 
        participate in the margin protection program, the 
        production history of the dairy operation for the 
        margin protection program is equal to the highest 
        annual milk marketings of the participating dairy 
        operation during any one of the 2011, 2012, or 2013 
        calendar years.
            (2) Adjustment.--In subsequent years, the Secretary 
        shall adjust the production history of a participating 
        dairy operation determined under paragraph (1) to 
        reflect any increase in the national average milk 
        production.
    (b) Election by New Dairy Operations.--In the case of a 
participating dairy operation that has been in operation for 
less than a year, the participating dairy operation shall elect 
1 of the following methods for the Secretary to determine the 
production history of the participating dairy operation:
            (1) The volume of the actual milk marketings for 
        the months the participating dairy operation has been 
        in operation extrapolated to a yearly amount.
            (2) An estimate of the actual milk marketings of 
        the participating dairy operation based on the herd 
        size of the participating dairy operation relative to 
        the national rolling herd average data published by the 
        Secretary.
    (c) Required Information.--A participating dairy operation 
shall provide all information that the Secretary may require in 
order to establish the production history of the participating 
dairy operation for purposes of participating in the margin 
protection program.

SEC. 1406. MARGIN PROTECTION PAYMENTS.

    (a) Coverage Level Threshold and Coverage Percentage.--For 
purposes of receiving margin protection payments for a 
consecutive 2-month period, a participating dairy operation 
shall annually elect--
            (1) a coverage level threshold that is equal to 
        $4.00, $4.50, $5.00, $5.50, $6.00, $6.50, $7.00, $7.50, 
        or $8.00; and
            (2) a percentage of coverage, in 5-percent 
        increments, beginning with 25 percent and not exceeding 
        90 percent of the production history of the 
        participating dairy operation.
    (b) Payment Threshold.--A participating dairy operation 
shall receive a margin protection payment whenever the average 
actual dairy production margin for a consecutive 2-month period 
is less than the coverage level threshold selected by the 
participating dairy operation.
    (c) Amount of Margin Protection Payment.--The margin 
protection payment for the participating dairy operation shall 
be determined as follows:
            (1) The Secretary shall calculate the amount by 
        which the coverage level threshold selected by the 
        participating dairy operation exceeds the average 
        actual dairy production margin for the consecutive 2-
        month period.
            (2) The amount determined under paragraph (1) shall 
        be multiplied by--
                    (A) the coverage percentage selected by the 
                participating dairy operation; and
                    (B) the production history of the 
                participating dairy operation divided by 6.

SEC. 1407. PREMIUMS FOR MARGIN PROTECTION PROGRAM.

    (a) Calculation of Premiums.--For purposes of participating 
in the margin protection program, a participating dairy 
operation shall pay an annual premium equal to the product 
obtained by multiplying--
            (1) the coverage percentage elected by the 
        participating dairy operation under section 1406(a)(2);
            (2) the production history of the participating 
        dairy operation; and
            (3) the premium per hundredweight of milk imposed 
        by this section for the coverage level selected.
    (b) Premium Per Hundredweight for First 4 Million Pounds of 
Production.--
            (1) In general.--For the first 4,000,000 pounds of 
        milk marketings included in the production history of a 
        participating dairy operation, the premium per 
        hundredweight for each coverage level is specified in 
        the table contained in paragraph (2).
            (2) Producer premiums.--Except as provided in 
        paragraph (3), the following annual premiums apply:


------------------------------------------------------------------------
           Coverage Level                      Premium per Cwt.
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                       $4.00                                 None
                       $4.50                               $0.010
                       $5.00                               $0.025
                       $5.50                               $0.040
                       $6.00                               $0.055
                       $6.50                               $0.090
                       $7.00                               $0.217
                       $7.50                               $0.300
                       $8.00                               $0.475
------------------------------------------------------------------------

            (3) Special rule.--The premium per hundredweight 
        specified in the table contained in paragraph (2) for 
        each coverage level (except the $8.00 coverage level) 
        shall be reduced by 25 percent for each of calendar 
        years 2014 and 2015.
    (c) Premium Per Hundredweight for Production in Excess of 4 
Million Pounds.--
            (1) In general.--For milk marketings in excess of 
        4,000,000 pounds included in the production history of 
        a participating dairy operation, the premium per 
        hundredweight for each coverage level is specified in 
        the table contained in paragraph (2).
            (2) Producer premiums.--The following annual 
        premiums apply:


------------------------------------------------------------------------
           Coverage Level                      Premium per Cwt.
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                       $4.00                                 None
                       $4.50                               $0.020
                       $5.00                               $0.040
                       $5.50                               $0.100
                       $6.00                               $0.155
                       $6.50                               $0.290
                       $7.00                               $0.830
                       $7.50                               $1.060
                       $8.00                               $1.360
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    (d) Time for Payment of Premium.--The Secretary shall 
provide more than 1 method by which a participating dairy 
operation may pay the premium required under this section in 
any manner that maximizes participating dairy operation payment 
flexibility and program integrity.
    (e) Premium Obligations.--
            (1) Pro-ration of premium for new participants.--In 
        the case of a participating dairy operation that first 
        registers to participate in the margin protection 
        program for a calendar year after the start of the 
        calendar year, the participating dairy operation shall 
        pay a pro-rated premium for that calendar year based on 
        the portion of the calendar year for which the 
        participating dairy operation purchases the coverage.
            (2) Legal obligation.--A participating dairy 
        operation in the margin protection program for a 
        calendar year shall be legally obligated to pay the 
        applicable premium for that calendar year, except that 
        the Secretary may waive that obligation, under terms 
        and conditions determined by the Secretary, for any 
        participating dairy operation in the case of death, 
        retirement, permanent dissolution of a participating 
        dairy operation, or other circumstances as the 
        Secretary considers appropriate to ensure the integrity 
        of the program.

SEC. 1408. EFFECT OF FAILURE TO PAY ADMINISTRATIVE FEES OR PREMIUMS.

    (a) Loss of Benefits.--A participating dairy operation that 
fails to pay the required annual administrative fee under 
section 1404 or is in arrears on premium payments under section 
1407--
            (1) remains legally obligated to pay the 
        administrative fee or premiums, as the case may be; and
            (2) may not receive margin protection payments 
        until the fees or premiums are fully paid.
    (b) Enforcement.--The Secretary may take such action as 
necessary to collect administrative fees and premium payments 
for participation in the margin protection program.

SEC. 1409. DURATION.

    The margin protection program shall end on December 31, 
2018.

SEC. 1410. ADMINISTRATION AND ENFORCEMENT.

    (a) In General.--The Secretary shall promulgate regulations 
to address administrative and enforcement issues involved in 
carrying out the margin protection program.
    (b) Reconstitution.--The Secretary shall promulgate 
regulations to prohibit a dairy producer from reconstituting a 
dairy operation for the purpose of the dairy producer receiving 
margin protection payments.
    (c) Administrative Appeals.--Using authorities under 
section 1001(h) of the Food Security Act of 1985 (7 U.S.C. 
1308(h)) and subtitle H of the Department of Agriculture 
Reorganization Act (7 U.S.C. 6991 et seq.), the Secretary shall 
promulgate regulations to provide for administrative appeals of 
decisions of the Secretary that are adverse to participants of 
the margin protection program.
    (d) Inclusion of Additional Order.--Section 143(a)(2) of 
the Federal Agriculture Improvement and Reform Act of 1996 (7 
U.S.C. 7253(a)(2)) is amended by adding at the end the 
following new sentence: ``Subsection (b) does not apply to the 
authority of the Secretary under this subsection.''.

  PART II--REPEAL OR REAUTHORIZATION OF OTHER DAIRY-RELATED PROVISIONS

SEC. 1421. REPEAL OF DAIRY PRODUCT PRICE SUPPORT PROGRAM.

    Section 1501 of the Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 
2008 (7 U.S.C. 8771) is repealed.

SEC. 1422. TEMPORARY CONTINUATION AND EVENTUAL REPEAL OF MILK INCOME 
                    LOSS CONTRACT PROGRAM.

    (a) Temporary Continuation of Payments Under Milk Income 
Loss Contract Program.--Section 1506 of the Food, Conservation, 
and Energy Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 8773) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a), by adding at the end the 
        following new paragraph:
            ``(6) Termination date.--The term `termination 
        date' means the earlier of the following:
                    ``(A) The date on which the Secretary 
                certifies to Congress that the margin 
                protection program required by section 1403 of 
                the Agricultural Act of 2014 is operational.
                    ``(B) September 1, 2014.'';
            (2) in subsection (c)(3)--
                    (A) in subparagraph (B), by inserting after 
                ``August 31, 2013,'' the following: ``and for 
                the period beginning February 1, 2014, and 
                ending on the termination date,''; and
                    (B) in subparagraph (C), by striking ``and 
                thereafter,'' and inserting ``and ending 
                January 31, 2014,'';
            (3) in subsection (d)--
                    (A) in paragraph (2), by striking ``For any 
                month beginning on or after September 1, 
                2013,'' and inserting ``During the period 
                beginning on September 1, 2013, and ending on 
                January 31, 2014,'';
                    (B) by redesignating paragraph (3) as 
                paragraph (4); and
                    (C) by inserting after paragraph (2) the 
                following new paragraph (3):
            ``(3) Final adjustment authority.--During the 
        period beginning on February 1, 2014, and ending on the 
        termination date, if the National Average Dairy Feed 
        Ration Cost for a month during that period is greater 
        than $7.35 per hundredweight, the amount specified in 
        subsection (c)(2)(A) used to determine the payment rate 
        for that month shall be increased by 45 percent of the 
        percentage by which the National Average Dairy Feed 
        Ration Cost exceeds $7.35 per hundredweight.'';
            (4) in subsection (e)(2)(A)--
                    (A) in clause (ii), by inserting after 
                ``August 31, 2013,'' the following: ``and for 
                the period beginning February 1, 2014, and 
                ending on the termination date,''; and
                    (B) in clause (iii), by striking 
                ``effective beginning September 1, 2013,'' and 
                inserting ``for the period beginning September 
                1, 2013, and ending January 31, 2014,'';
            (5) in subsection (g), by striking ``during the 
        period beginning on the date that is 90 days after the 
        date of enactment of this Act and ending on September 
        30, 2013'' and inserting ``until the termination 
        date''; and
            (6) in subsection (h)(1), by striking ``September 
        30, 2013'' and inserting ``the termination date''.
    (b) Repeal of Milk Income Loss Contract Program.--
            (1) Repeal.--Effective on the termination date, 
        section 1506 of the Food, Conservation, and Energy Act 
        of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 8773) is repealed.
            (2) Termination date defined.--In paragraph (1), 
        the term ``termination date'' means the earlier of the 
        following:
                    (A) The date on which the Secretary 
                certifies to Congress that the margin 
                protection program required by section 1403 is 
                operational.
                    (B) September 1, 2014.

SEC. 1423. REPEAL OF DAIRY EXPORT INCENTIVE PROGRAM.

    (a) Repeal.--Section 153 of the Food Security Act of 1985 
(15 U.S.C. 713a-14) is repealed.
    (b) Conforming Amendments.--Section 902(2) of the Trade 
Sanctions Reform and Export Enhancement Act of 2000 (22 U.S.C. 
7201(2)) is amended--
            (1) by striking subparagraph (D); and
            (2) by redesignating subparagraphs (E) and (F) as 
        subparagraphs (D) and (E), respectively.

SEC. 1424. EXTENSION OF DAIRY FORWARD PRICING PROGRAM.

    Section 1502(e) of the Food, Conservation, and Energy Act 
of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 8772(e)) is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1), by striking ``2012'' and 
        inserting ``2018''; and
            (2) in paragraph (2), by striking ``2015'' and 
        inserting ``2021''.

SEC. 1425. EXTENSION OF DAIRY INDEMNITY PROGRAM.

    Section 3 of Public Law 90-484 (7 U.S.C. 450l) is amended 
by striking ``2012'' and inserting ``2018''.

SEC. 1426. EXTENSION OF DAIRY PROMOTION AND RESEARCH PROGRAM.

    Section 113(e)(2) of the Dairy Production Stabilization Act 
of 1983 (7 U.S.C. 4504(e)(2)) is amended by striking ``2012'' 
and inserting ``2018''.

SEC. 1427. REPEAL OF FEDERAL MILK MARKETING ORDER REVIEW COMMISSION.

    Section 1509 of the Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 
2008 (Public Law 110-246; 122 Stat. 1726) is repealed.

                PART III--DAIRY PRODUCT DONATION PROGRAM

SEC. 1431. DAIRY PRODUCT DONATION PROGRAM.

    (a) Program Required; Purpose.--Not later than 120 days 
after the date on which the Secretary certifies to Congress 
that the margin protection program is operational, the 
Secretary shall establish and administer a dairy product 
donation program for the purposes of--
            (1) addressing low operating margins experienced by 
        participating dairy operations; and
            (2) providing nutrition assistance to individuals 
        in low-income groups.
    (b) Program Trigger.--The Secretary shall announce that the 
dairy product donation program is in effect for a month, and 
undertake activities under subsection (c) during the month, 
whenever the actual dairy production margin has been $4.00 or 
less per hundredweight of milk for each of the immediately 
preceding 2 months.
    (c) Required Program Activities.--
            (1) In general.--Whenever the dairy product 
        donation program is in effect under subsection (b), the 
        Secretary shall immediately purchase dairy products, at 
        prevailing market prices, until such time as one of the 
        termination conditions specified in subsection (d)(1) 
        is met.
            (2) Consultation.--To determine the types and 
        quantities of dairy products to purchase under the 
        dairy product donation program, the Secretary shall 
        consult with public and private nonprofit organizations 
        organized to feed low-income populations
    (d) Termination of Program Activities.--
            (1) Termination thresholds.--The Secretary shall 
        cease activities under the dairy product donation 
        program, and shall not reinitiate activities under the 
        program until the condition specified in subsection (b) 
        is again met, whenever any one of the following occurs:
                    (A) The Secretary has made purchases under 
                the dairy product donation program for three 
                consecutive months, even if the actual dairy 
                production margin remains $4.00 or less per 
                hundredweight of milk.
                    (B) The actual dairy production margin has 
                been greater than $4.00 per hundredweight of 
                milk for the immediately preceding month.
                    (C) The actual dairy production margin has 
                been $4.00 or less, but more than $3.00, per 
                hundredweight of milk for the immediately 
                preceding month and during the same month--
                            (i) the price in the United States 
                        for cheddar cheese was more than 5 
                        percent above the world price; or
                            (ii) the price in the United States 
                        for non-fat dry milk was more than 5 
                        percent above the world price of skim 
                        milk powder.
                    (D) The actual dairy production margin has 
                been $3.00 or less per hundredweight of milk 
                for the immediately preceding month and during 
                the same month--
                            (i) the price in the United States 
                        for cheddar cheese was more than 7 
                        percent above the world price; or
                            (ii) the price in the United States 
                        for non-fat dry milk was more than 7 
                        percent above the world price of skim 
                        milk powder.
            (2) Determinations.--For purposes of this 
        subsection, the Secretary shall determine the price in 
        the United States for cheddar cheese and non-fat dry 
        milk and the world price of cheddar cheese and skim 
        milk powder.
    (e) Distribution of Purchased Dairy Products.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary of Agriculture shall 
        distribute, but not store, the dairy products purchased 
        under the dairy product donation program in a manner 
        that encourages the domestic consumption of such dairy 
        products by diverting them to persons in low-income 
        groups, as determined by the Secretary.
            (2) Use of public or private nonprofit 
        organizations.--The Secretary shall utilize the 
        services of public and private nonprofit organizations 
        for the distribution of dairy products purchased under 
        the dairy product donation program. A public or private 
        nonprofit organization that receives dairy products may 
        transfer the products to another public or private 
        nonprofit organization that agrees to use the dairy 
        products to provide, without cost or waste, nutrition 
        assistance to individuals in low-income groups.
    (f) Prohibition on Resale of Products.--A public or private 
nonprofit organization that receives dairy products under 
subsection (e) may not sell the products back into commercial 
markets.
    (g) Use of Commodity Credit Corporation Funds.--As 
specified in section 1601(a), the funds, facilities, and 
authorities of the Commodity Credit Corporation shall be 
available to the Secretary for the purposes of implementing and 
administering the dairy product donation program.
    (h) Duration.--In addition to the termination conditions 
specified in subsection (d)(1), the dairy product donation 
program shall end on December 31, 2018.

   Subtitle E--Supplemental Agricultural Disaster Assistance Programs

SEC. 1501. SUPPLEMENTAL AGRICULTURAL DISASTER ASSISTANCE.

    (a) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) Eligible producer on a farm.--
                    (A) In general.--The term ``eligible 
                producer on a farm'' means an individual or 
                entity described in subparagraph (B) that, as 
                determined by the Secretary, assumes the 
                production and market risks associated with the 
                agricultural production of crops or livestock.
                    (B) Description.--An individual or entity 
                referred to in subparagraph (A) is--
                            (i) a citizen of the United States;
                            (ii) a resident alien;
                            (iii) a partnership of citizens of 
                        the United States; or
                            (iv) a corporation, limited 
                        liability corporation, or other farm 
                        organizational structure organized 
                        under State law.
            (2) Farm-raised fish.--The term ``farm-raised 
        fish'' means any aquatic species that is propagated and 
        reared in a controlled environment.
            (3) Livestock.--The term ``livestock'' includes--
                    (A) cattle (including dairy cattle);
                    (B) bison;
                    (C) poultry;
                    (D) sheep;
                    (E) swine;
                    (F) horses; and
                    (G) other livestock, as determined by the 
                Secretary.
            (4) Secretary.--The term ``Secretary'' means the 
        Secretary of Agriculture.
    (b) Livestock Indemnity Payments.--
            (1) Payments.--For fiscal year 2012 and each 
        succeeding fiscal year, the Secretary shall use such 
        sums as are necessary of the funds of the Commodity 
        Credit Corporation to make livestock indemnity payments 
        to eligible producers on farms that have incurred 
        livestock death losses in excess of the normal 
        mortality, as determined by the Secretary, due to--
                    (A) attacks by animals reintroduced into 
                the wild by the Federal Government or protected 
                by Federal law, including wolves and avian 
                predators; or
                    (B) adverse weather, as determined by the 
                Secretary, during the calendar year, including 
                losses due to hurricanes, floods, blizzards, 
                disease, wildfires, extreme heat, and extreme 
                cold.
            (2) Payment rates.--Indemnity payments to an 
        eligible producer on a farm under paragraph (1) shall 
        be made at a rate of 75 percent of the market value of 
        the applicable livestock on the day before the date of 
        death of the livestock, as determined by the Secretary.
            (3) Special rule for payments made due to 
        disease.--The Secretary shall ensure that payments made 
        to an eligible producer under paragraph (1) are not 
        made for the same livestock losses for which 
        compensation is provided pursuant to section 10407(d) 
        of the Animal Health Protection Act (7 U.S.C. 8306(d)).
    (c) Livestock Forage Disaster Program.--
            (1) Definitions.--In this subsection:
                    (A) Covered livestock.--
                            (i) In general.--Except as provided 
                        in clause (ii), the term ``covered 
                        livestock'' means livestock of an 
                        eligible livestock producer that, 
                        during the 60 days prior to the 
                        beginning date of a qualifying drought 
                        or fire condition, as determined by the 
                        Secretary, the eligible livestock 
                        producer--
                                    (I) owned;
                                    (II) leased;
                                    (III) purchased;
                                    (IV) entered into a 
                                contract to purchase;
                                    (V) is a contract grower; 
                                or
                                    (VI) sold or otherwise 
                                disposed of due to qualifying 
                                drought conditions during--
                                            (aa) the current 
                                        production year; or
                                            (bb) subject to 
                                        paragraph (3)(B)(ii), 1 
                                        or both of the 2 
                                        production years 
                                        immediately preceding 
                                        the current production 
                                        year.
                            (ii) Exclusion.--The term ``covered 
                        livestock'' does not include livestock 
                        that were or would have been in a 
                        feedlot, on the beginning date of the 
                        qualifying drought or fire condition, 
                        as a part of the normal business 
                        operation of the eligible livestock 
                        producer, as determined by the 
                        Secretary.
                    (B) Drought monitor.--The term ``drought 
                monitor'' means a system for classifying 
                drought severity according to a range of 
                abnormally dry to exceptional drought, as 
                defined by the Secretary.
                    (C) Eligible livestock producer.--
                            (i) In general.--The term 
                        ``eligible livestock producer'' means 
                        an eligible producer on a farm that--
                                    (I) is an owner, cash or 
                                share lessee, or contract 
                                grower of covered livestock 
                                that provides the pastureland 
                                or grazing land, including 
                                cash-leased pastureland or 
                                grazing land, for the 
                                livestock;
                                    (II) provides the 
                                pastureland or grazing land for 
                                covered livestock, including 
                                cash-leased pastureland or 
                                grazing land that is physically 
                                located in a county affected by 
                                drought;
                                    (III) certifies grazing 
                                loss; and
                                    (IV) meets all other 
                                eligibility requirements 
                                established under this 
                                subsection.
                            (ii) Exclusion.--The term 
                        ``eligible livestock producer'' does 
                        not include an owner, cash or share 
                        lessee, or contract grower of livestock 
                        that rents or leases pastureland or 
                        grazing land owned by another person on 
                        a rate-of-gain basis.
                    (D) Normal carrying capacity.--The term 
                ``normal carrying capacity'', with respect to 
                each type of grazing land or pastureland in a 
                county, means the normal carrying capacity, as 
                determined under paragraph (3)(D)(i), that 
                would be expected from the grazing land or 
                pastureland for livestock during the normal 
                grazing period, in the absence of a drought or 
                fire that diminishes the production of the 
                grazing land or pastureland.
                    (E) Normal grazing period.--The term 
                ``normal grazing period'', with respect to a 
                county, means the normal grazing period during 
                the calendar year for the county, as determined 
                under paragraph (3)(D)(i).
            (2) Program.--For fiscal year 2012 and each 
        succeeding fiscal year, the Secretary shall use such 
        sums as are necessary of the funds of the Commodity 
        Credit Corporation to provide compensation for losses 
        to eligible livestock producers due to grazing losses 
        for covered livestock due to--
                    (A) a drought condition, as described in 
                paragraph (3); or
                    (B) fire, as described in paragraph (4).
            (3) Assistance for losses due to drought 
        conditions.--
                    (A) Eligible losses.--
                            (i) In general.--An eligible 
                        livestock producer may receive 
                        assistance under this subsection only 
                        for grazing losses for covered 
                        livestock that occur on land that--
                                    (I) is native or improved 
                                pastureland with permanent 
                                vegetative cover; or
                                    (II) is planted to a crop 
                                planted specifically for the 
                                purpose of providing grazing 
                                for covered livestock.
                            (ii) Exclusions.--An eligible 
                        livestock producer may not receive 
                        assistance under this subsection for 
                        grazing losses that occur on land used 
                        for haying or grazing under the 
                        conservation reserve program 
                        established under subchapter B of 
                        chapter 1 of subtitle D of title XII of 
                        the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 
                        U.S.C. 3831 et seq.).
                    (B) Monthly payment rate.--
                            (i) In general.--Except as provided 
                        in clause (ii), the payment rate for 
                        assistance under this paragraph for 1 
                        month shall, in the case of drought, be 
                        equal to 60 percent of the lesser of--
                                    (I) the monthly feed cost 
                                for all covered livestock owned 
                                or leased by the eligible 
                                livestock producer, as 
                                determined under subparagraph 
                                (C); or
                                    (II) the monthly feed cost 
                                calculated by using the normal 
                                carrying capacity of the 
                                eligible grazing land of the 
                                eligible livestock producer.
                            (ii) Partial compensation.--In the 
                        case of an eligible livestock producer 
                        that sold or otherwise disposed of 
                        covered livestock due to drought 
                        conditions in 1 or both of the 2 
                        production years immediately preceding 
                        the current production year, as 
                        determined by the Secretary, the 
                        payment rate shall be 80 percent of the 
                        payment rate otherwise calculated in 
                        accordance with clause (i).
                    (C) Monthly feed cost.--
                            (i) In general.--The monthly feed 
                        cost shall equal the product obtained 
                        by multiplying--
                                    (I) 30 days;
                                    (II) a payment quantity 
                                that is equal to the feed grain 
                                equivalent, as determined under 
                                clause (ii); and
                                    (III) a payment rate that 
                                is equal to the corn price per 
                                pound, as determined under 
                                clause (iii).
                            (ii) Feed grain equivalent.--For 
                        purposes of clause (i)(II), the feed 
                        grain equivalent shall equal--
                                    (I) in the case of an adult 
                                beef cow, 15.7 pounds of corn 
                                per day; or
                                    (II) in the case of any 
                                other type of weight of 
                                livestock, an amount determined 
                                by the Secretary that 
                                represents the average number 
                                of pounds of corn per day 
                                necessary to feed the 
                                livestock.
                            (iii) Corn price per pound.--For 
                        purposes of clause (i)(III), the corn 
                        price per pound shall equal the 
                        quotient obtained by dividing--
                                    (I) the higher of--
                                            (aa) the national 
                                        average corn price per 
                                        bushel for the 12-month 
                                        period immediately 
                                        preceding March 1 of 
                                        the year for which the 
                                        disaster assistance is 
                                        calculated; or
                                            (bb) the national 
                                        average corn price per 
                                        bushel for the 24-month 
                                        period immediately 
                                        preceding that March 1; 
                                        by
                                    (II) 56.
                    (D) Normal grazing period and drought 
                monitor intensity.--
                            (i) FSA county committee 
                        determinations.--
                                    (I) In general.--The 
                                Secretary shall determine the 
                                normal carrying capacity and 
                                normal grazing period for each 
                                type of grazing land or 
                                pastureland in the county 
                                served by the applicable 
                                committee.
                                    (II) Changes.--No change to 
                                the normal carrying capacity or 
                                normal grazing period 
                                established for a county under 
                                subclause (I) shall be made 
                                unless the change is requested 
                                by the appropriate State and 
                                county Farm Service Agency 
                                committees.
                            (ii) Drought intensity.--
                                    (I) D2.--An eligible 
                                livestock producer that owns or 
                                leases grazing land or 
                                pastureland that is physically 
                                located in a county that is 
                                rated by the U.S. Drought 
                                Monitor as having a D2 (severe 
                                drought) intensity in any area 
                                of the county for at least 8 
                                consecutive weeks during the 
                                normal grazing period for the 
                                county, as determined by the 
                                Secretary, shall be eligible to 
                                receive assistance under this 
                                paragraph in an amount equal to 
                                1 monthly payment using the 
                                monthly payment rate determined 
                                under subparagraph (B).
                                    (II) D3.--An eligible 
                                livestock producer that owns or 
                                leases grazing land or 
                                pastureland that is physically 
                                located in a county that is 
                                rated by the U.S. Drought 
                                Monitor as having at least a D3 
                                (extreme drought) intensity in 
                                any area of the county at any 
                                time during the normal grazing 
                                period for the county, as 
                                determined by the Secretary, 
                                shall be eligible to receive 
                                assistance under this 
                                paragraph--
                                            (aa) in an amount 
                                        equal to 3 monthly 
                                        payments using the 
                                        monthly payment rate 
                                        determined under 
                                        subparagraph (B);
                                            (bb) if the county 
                                        is rated as having a D3 
                                        (extreme drought) 
                                        intensity in any area 
                                        of the county for at 
                                        least 4 weeks during 
                                        the normal grazing 
                                        period for the county, 
                                        or is rated as having a 
                                        D4 (exceptional 
                                        drought) intensity in 
                                        any area of the county 
                                        at any time during the 
                                        normal grazing period, 
                                        in an amount equal to 4 
                                        monthly payments using 
                                        the monthly payment 
                                        rate determined under 
                                        subparagraph (B); or
                                            (cc) if the county 
                                        is rated as having a D4 
                                        (exceptional drought) 
                                        intensity in any area 
                                        of the county for at 
                                        least 4 weeks during 
                                        the normal grazing 
                                        period, in an amount 
                                        equal to 5 monthly 
                                        payments using the 
                                        monthly rate determined 
                                        under subparagraph (B).
            (4) Assistance for losses due to fire on public 
        managed land.--
                    (A) In general.--An eligible livestock 
                producer may receive assistance under this 
                paragraph only if--
                            (i) the grazing losses occur on 
                        rangeland that is managed by a Federal 
                        agency; and
                            (ii) the eligible livestock 
                        producer is prohibited by the Federal 
                        agency from grazing the normal 
                        permitted livestock on the managed 
                        rangeland due to a fire.
                    (B) Payment rate.--The payment rate for 
                assistance under this paragraph shall be equal 
                to 50 percent of the monthly feed cost for the 
                total number of livestock covered by the 
                Federal lease of the eligible livestock 
                producer, as determined under paragraph (3)(C).
                    (C) Payment duration.--
                            (i) In general.--Subject to clause 
                        (ii), an eligible livestock producer 
                        shall be eligible to receive assistance 
                        under this paragraph for the period--
                                    (I) beginning on the date 
                                on which the Federal agency 
                                excludes the eligible livestock 
                                producer from using the managed 
                                rangeland for grazing; and
                                    (II) ending on the last day 
                                of the Federal lease of the 
                                eligible livestock producer.
                            (ii) Limitation.--An eligible 
                        livestock producer may only receive 
                        assistance under this paragraph for 
                        losses that occur on not more than 180 
                        days per year.
            (5) No duplicative payments.--An eligible livestock 
        producer may elect to receive assistance for grazing or 
        pasture feed losses due to drought conditions under 
        paragraph (3) or fire under paragraph (4), but not both 
        for the same loss, as determined by the Secretary.
    (d) Emergency Assistance for Livestock, Honey Bees, and 
Farm-Raised Fish.--
            (1) In general.--For fiscal year 2012 and each 
        succeeding fiscal year, the Secretary shall use not 
        more than $20,000,000 of the funds of the Commodity 
        Credit Corporation to provide emergency relief to 
        eligible producers of livestock, honey bees, and farm-
        raised fish to aid in the reduction of losses due to 
        disease (including cattle tick fever), adverse weather, 
        or other conditions, such as blizzards and wildfires, 
        as determined by the Secretary, that are not covered 
        under subsection (b) or (c).
            (2) Use of funds.--Funds made available under this 
        subsection shall be used to reduce losses caused by 
        feed or water shortages, disease, or other factors as 
        determined by the Secretary.
            (3) Availability of funds.--Any funds made 
        available under this subsection shall remain available 
        until expended.
    (e) Tree Assistance Program.--
            (1) Definitions.--In this subsection:
                    (A) Eligible orchardist.--The term 
                ``eligible orchardist'' means a person that 
                produces annual crops from trees for commercial 
                purposes.
                    (B) Natural disaster.--The term ``natural 
                disaster'' means plant disease, insect 
                infestation, drought, fire, freeze, flood, 
                earthquake, lightning, or other occurrence, as 
                determined by the Secretary.
                    (C) Nursery tree grower.--The term 
                ``nursery tree grower'' means a person who 
                produces nursery, ornamental, fruit, nut, or 
                Christmas trees for commercial sale, as 
                determined by the Secretary.
                    (D) Tree.--The term ``tree'' includes a 
                tree, bush, and vine.
            (2) Eligibility.--
                    (A) Loss.--Subject to subparagraph (B), for 
                fiscal year 2012 and each succeeding fiscal 
                year, the Secretary shall use such sums as are 
                necessary of the funds of the Commodity Credit 
                Corporation to provide assistance--
                            (i) under paragraph (3) to eligible 
                        orchardists and nursery tree growers 
                        that planted trees for commercial 
                        purposes but lost the trees as a result 
                        of a natural disaster, as determined by 
                        the Secretary; and
                            (ii) under paragraph (3)(B) to 
                        eligible orchardists and nursery tree 
                        growers that have a production history 
                        for commercial purposes on planted or 
                        existing trees but lost the trees as a 
                        result of a natural disaster, as 
                        determined by the Secretary.
                    (B) Limitation.--An eligible orchardist or 
                nursery tree grower shall qualify for 
                assistance under subparagraph (A) only if the 
                tree mortality of the eligible orchardist or 
                nursery tree grower, as a result of damaging 
                weather or related condition, exceeds 15 
                percent (adjusted for normal mortality).
            (3) Assistance.--Subject to paragraph (4), the 
        assistance provided by the Secretary to eligible 
        orchardists and nursery tree growers for losses 
        described in paragraph (2) shall consist of--
                    (A)(i) reimbursement of 65 percent of the 
                cost of replanting trees lost due to a natural 
                disaster, as determined by the Secretary, in 
                excess of 15 percent mortality (adjusted for 
                normal mortality); or
                    (ii) at the option of the Secretary, 
                sufficient seedlings to reestablish a stand; 
                and
                    (B) reimbursement of 50 percent of the cost 
                of pruning, removal, and other costs incurred 
                by an eligible orchardist or nursery tree 
                grower to salvage existing trees or, in the 
                case of tree mortality, to prepare the land to 
                replant trees as a result of damage or tree 
                mortality due to a natural disaster, as 
                determined by the Secretary, in excess of 15 
                percent damage or mortality (adjusted for 
                normal tree damage and mortality).
            (4) Limitations on assistance.--
                    (A) Definitions of legal entity and 
                person.--In this paragraph, the terms ``legal 
                entity'' and ``person'' have the meaning given 
                those terms in section 1001(a) of the Food 
                Security Act of 1985 (7 U.S.C. 1308(a)).
                    (B) Amount.--The total amount of payments 
                received, directly or indirectly, by a person 
                or legal entity (excluding a joint venture or 
                general partnership) under this subsection may 
                not exceed $125,000 for any crop year, or an 
                equivalent value in tree seedlings.
                    (C) Acres.--The total quantity of acres 
                planted to trees or tree seedlings for which a 
                person or legal entity shall be entitled to 
                receive payments under this subsection may not 
                exceed 500 acres.
    (f) Payment Limitations.--
            (1) Definitions of legal entity and person.--In 
        this subsection, the terms ``legal entity'' and 
        ``person'' have the meaning given those terms in 
        section 1001(a) of the Food Security Act of 1985 (7 
        U.S.C. 1308(a)).
            (2) Amount.--The total amount of disaster 
        assistance payments received, directly or indirectly, 
        by a person or legal entity (excluding a joint venture 
        or general partnership) under this section (excluding 
        payments received under subsection (e)) may not exceed 
        $125,000 for any crop year.
            (3) Direct attribution.--Subsections (e) and (f) of 
        section 1001 of the Food Security Act of 1985 (7 U.S.C. 
        1308) or any successor provisions relating to direct 
        attribution shall apply with respect to assistance 
        provided under this section.

                       Subtitle F--Administration

SEC. 1601. ADMINISTRATION GENERALLY.

    (a) Use of Commodity Credit Corporation.--The Secretary 
shall use the funds, facilities, and authorities of the 
Commodity Credit Corporation to carry out this title.
    (b) Determinations by Secretary.--A determination made by 
the Secretary under this title shall be final and conclusive.
    (c) Regulations.--
            (1) In general.--Except as otherwise provided in 
        this subsection, not later than 90 days after the date 
        of enactment of this Act, the Secretary and the 
        Commodity Credit Corporation, as appropriate, shall 
        promulgate such regulations as are necessary to 
        implement this title and the amendments made by this 
        title.
            (2) Procedure.--The promulgation of the regulations 
        and administration of this title and the amendments 
        made by this title and sections 11003 and 11017 shall 
        be made without regard to--
                    (A) the notice and comment provisions of 
                section 553 of title 5, United States Code;
                    (B) chapter 35 of title 44, United States 
                Code (commonly known as the ``Paperwork 
                Reduction Act''); and
                    (C) the Statement of Policy of the 
                Secretary of Agriculture effective July 24, 
                1971 (36 Fed. Reg. 13804), relating to notices 
                of proposed rulemaking and public participation 
                in rulemaking.
            (3) Congressional review of agency rulemaking.--In 
        carrying out this subsection, the Secretary shall use 
        the authority provided under section 808 of title 5, 
        United States Code.
    (d) Adjustment Authority Related to Trade Agreements 
Compliance.--
            (1) Required determination; adjustment.--If the 
        Secretary determines that expenditures under this title 
        that are subject to the total allowable domestic 
        support levels under the Uruguay Round Agreements (as 
        defined in section 2 of the Uruguay Round Agreements 
        Act (19 U.S.C. 3501)) will exceed such allowable levels 
        for any applicable reporting period, the Secretary 
        shall, to the maximum extent practicable, make 
        adjustments in the amount of such expenditures during 
        that period to ensure that such expenditures do not 
        exceed the allowable levels.
            (2) Congressional notification.--Before making any 
        adjustment under paragraph (1), the Secretary shall 
        submit to the Committee on Agriculture of the House of 
        Representatives and the Committee on Agriculture, 
        Nutrition, and Forestry of the Senate a report 
        describing the determination made under that paragraph 
        and the extent of the adjustment to be made.

SEC. 1602. SUSPENSION OF PERMANENT PRICE SUPPORT AUTHORITY.

    (a) Agricultural Adjustment Act of 1938.--The following 
provisions of the Agricultural Adjustment Act of 1938 shall not 
be applicable to the 2014 through 2018 crops of covered 
commodities (as defined in section 1111), cotton, and sugar and 
shall not be applicable to milk during the period beginning on 
the date of enactment of this Act through December 31, 2018:
            (1) Parts II through V of subtitle B of title III 
        (7 U.S.C. 1326 et seq.).
            (2) In the case of upland cotton, section 377 (7 
        U.S.C. 1377).
            (3) Subtitle D of title III (7 U.S.C. 1379a et 
        seq.).
            (4) Title IV (7 U.S.C. 1401 et seq.).
    (b) Agricultural Act of 1949.--The following provisions of 
the Agricultural Act of 1949 shall not be applicable to the 
2014 through 2018 crops of covered commodities (as defined in 
section 1111), cotton, and sugar and shall not be applicable to 
milk during the period beginning on the date of enactment of 
this Act and through December 31, 2018:
            (1) Section 101 (7 U.S.C. 1441).
            (2) Section 103(a) (7 U.S.C. 1444(a)).
            (3) Section 105 (7 U.S.C. 1444b).
            (4) Section 107 (7 U.S.C. 1445a).
            (5) Section 110 (7 U.S.C. 1445e).
            (6) Section 112 (7 U.S.C. 1445g).
            (7) Section 115 (7 U.S.C. 1445k).
            (8) Section 201 (7 U.S.C. 1446).
            (9) Title III (7 U.S.C. 1447 et seq.).
            (10) Title IV (7 U.S.C. 1421 et seq.), other than 
        sections 404, 412, and 416 (7 U.S.C. 1424, 1429, and 
        1431).
            (11) Title V (7 U.S.C. 1461 et seq.).
            (12) Title VI (7 U.S.C. 1471 et seq.).
    (c) Suspension of Certain Quota Provisions.--The joint 
resolution entitled ``A joint resolution relating to corn and 
wheat marketing quotas under the Agricultural Adjustment Act of 
1938, as amended'', approved May 26, 1941 (7 U.S.C. 1330 and 
1340), shall not be applicable to the crops of wheat planted 
for harvest in the calendar years 2014 through 2018.

SEC. 1603. PAYMENT LIMITATIONS.

    (a) In General.--Section 1001 of the Food Security Act of 
1985 (7 U.S.C. 1308) is amended by striking subsections (b) and 
(c) and inserting the following:
    ``(b) Limitation on Payments for Covered Commodities (other 
Than Peanuts).--The total amount of payments received, directly 
or indirectly, by a person or legal entity (except a joint 
venture or general partnership) for any crop year under 
sections 1116 and 1117 and as marketing loan gains or loan 
deficiency payments under subtitle B of title I of the 
Agricultural Act of 2014 (other than for peanuts) may not 
exceed $125,000.
    ``(c) Limitation on Payments for Peanuts.--The total amount 
of payments received, directly or indirectly, by a person or 
legal entity (except a joint venture or general partnership) 
for any crop year under sections 1116 and 1117 and as marketing 
loan gains or loan deficiency payments under subtitle B of 
title I of the Agricultural Act of 2014 for peanuts may not 
exceed $125,000.''.
    (b) Conforming Amendments.--
            (1) Limitation on applicability.--Section 1001(d) 
        of the Food Security Act of 1985 (7 U.S.C. 1308(d)) is 
        amended by striking ``the marketing assistance loan 
        program or the loan deficiency payment program under 
        title I of the Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 
        2008'' and inserting ``the forfeiture of a commodity 
        pledged as collateral for a loan made available under 
        subtitle B of title I of the Agricultural Act of 
        2014''.
            (2) Treatment of federal agencies and state and 
        local governments.--Section 1001(f) of the Food 
        Security Act of 1985 (7 U.S.C. 1308(f)) is amended--
                    (A) in paragraph (5)(A), by striking ``or 
                title XII'' and inserting ``, title I of the 
                Agricultural Act of 2014, or title XII''; and
                    (B) in paragraph (6)(A), by striking ``or 
                title XII'' and inserting ``, title I of the 
                Agricultural Act of 2014, or title XII''.
            (3) Foreign persons ineligible.--Section 1001C(a) 
        of the Food Security Act of 1985 (7 U.S.C. 1308-3(a)) 
        is amended by inserting ``title I of the Agricultural 
        Act of 2014,'' after ``2008,''.
    (c) Application.--The amendments made by this section shall 
apply beginning with the 2014 crop year.

SEC. 1604. RULEMAKING RELATED TO SIGNIFICANT CONTRIBUTION FOR ACTIVE 
                    PERSONAL MANAGEMENT.

    (a) Regulations Required.--Within 180 days after the date 
of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall promulgate, 
with an opportunity for notice and comment, regulations--
            (1) to define the term ``significant contribution 
        of active personal management'' for purposes of section 
        1001A of the Food Security Act of 1985 (7 U.S.C. 1308-
        1); and
            (2) if the Secretary determines it is appropriate, 
        to establish limits for varying types of farming 
        operations on the number of individuals who may be 
        considered to be actively engaged in farming with 
        respect to the farming operation when a significant 
        contribution of active personal management is the basis 
        used to meet the requirement of being actively engaged 
        in farming under section 1001A of the Food Security Act 
        of 1985 (7 U.S.C. 1308-1) by an individual or entity.
    (b) Considerations.--In promulgating the regulations 
required under subsection (a), the Secretary shall consider--
            (1) the size, nature, and management requirements 
        of each type of farming operation;
            (2) the changing nature of active personal 
        management due to advancements of farming operations; 
        and
            (3) the degree to which the regulations promulgated 
        pursuant to subsection (a) will adversely impact the 
        long-term viability of the farming operation.
    (c) Family Farms.--The Secretary shall not apply the 
regulations promulgated pursuant to subsection (a) to 
individuals or entities comprised solely of family members (as 
that term is defined in section 1001(a)(2) of the Food Security 
Act of 1985 (7 U.S.C. 1308(a)(2))).
    (d) Monitoring.--The regulations promulgated pursuant to 
subsection (a) shall include a plan for monitoring the status 
of compliance reviews for whether a person or entity is in 
compliance with the regulations.
    (e) Paperwork Reduction.--In order to conserve Federal 
resources and prevent unnecessary paperwork burdens, the 
Secretary shall ensure that any additional paperwork required 
as a result of the regulations promulgated pursuant to 
subsection (a) be limited to those persons who are subject to 
such regulations.
    (f) Relation to Other Requirements.--Nothing in this 
section may be construed to authorize the Secretary to alter, 
directly or indirectly, existing regulations for other 
requirements in section 1001A of the Food Security Act of 1985 
(7 U.S.C. 1308-1).
    (g) Effective Date.--The requirements of any regulation 
promulgated pursuant to this section shall apply beginning with 
the 2015 crop year.

SEC. 1605. ADJUSTED GROSS INCOME LIMITATION.

    (a) Limitations and Covered Benefits.--Section 1001D(b) of 
the Food Security Act of 1985 (7 U.S.C. 1308-3a(b)) is 
amended--
            (1) in the subsection heading, by striking 
        ``Limitations'' and inserting ``Limitations on 
        Commodity and Conservation Programs'';
            (2) by striking paragraphs (1) and (2) and 
        inserting the following new paragraphs:
            ``(1) Limitation.--Notwithstanding any other 
        provision of law, a person or legal entity shall not be 
        eligible to receive any benefit described in paragraph 
        (2) during a crop, fiscal, or program year, as 
        appropriate, if the average adjusted gross income of 
        the person or legal entity exceeds $900,000.
            ``(2) Covered benefits.--Paragraph (1) applies with 
        respect to the following:
                    ``(A) A payment or benefit under subtitle A 
                or E of title I of the Agricultural Act of 
                2014.
                    ``(B) A marketing loan gain or loan 
                deficiency payment under subtitle B of title I 
                of the Agricultural Act of 2014.
                    ``(C) Starting with fiscal year 2015, a 
                payment or benefit under title II of the 
                Agricultural Act of 2014, title II of the Farm 
                Security and Rural Investment Act of 2002, 
                title II of the Food, Conservation, and Energy 
                Act of 2008, or title XII of the Food Security 
                Act of 1985.
                    ``(D) A payment or benefit under section 
                524(b) of the Federal Crop Insurance Act (7 
                U.S.C. 1524(b)).
                    ``(E) A payment or benefit under section 
                196 of the Federal Agriculture Improvement and 
                Reform Act of 1996 (7 U.S.C. 7333).''.
    (b) Updating Definitions.--Paragraph (1) of section 
1001D(a) of the Food Security Act of 1985 (7 U.S.C. 1308-3a(a)) 
is amended to read as follows:
            ``(1) Average adjusted gross income.--In this 
        section, the term `average adjusted gross income', with 
        respect to a person or legal entity, means the average 
        of the adjusted gross income or comparable measure of 
        the person or legal entity over the 3 taxable years 
        preceding the most immediately preceding complete 
        taxable year, as determined by the Secretary.''.
    (c) Income Determination.--Section 1001D of the Food 
Security Act of 1985 (7 U.S.C. 1308-3a) is amended--
            (1) by striking subsection (c); and
            (2) by redesignating subsections (d), (e), and (f) 
        as subsections (c), (d), and (e), respectively.
    (d) Conforming Amendments.--Section 1001D of the Food 
Security Act of 1985 (7 U.S.C. 1308-3a) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)(2)--
                    (A) by striking ``subparagraph (A) or (B) 
                of''; and
                    (B) by striking ``, the average adjusted 
                gross farm income, and the average adjusted 
                gross nonfarm income'';
            (2) in subsection (a)(3), by striking ``, average 
        adjusted gross farm income, and average adjusted gross 
        nonfarm income'' both places it appears;
            (3) in subsection (c) (as redesignated by 
        subsection (c)(2) of this section)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1), by striking ``, 
                average adjusted gross farm income, and average 
                adjusted gross nonfarm income'' both places it 
                appears; and
                    (B) in paragraph (2), by striking 
                ``paragraphs (1)(C) and (2)(B) of subsection 
                (b)'' and inserting ``subsection (b)(2)''; and
            (4) in subsection (d) (as redesignated by 
        subsection (c)(2) of this section)--
                    (A) by striking ``paragraphs (1)(C) and 
                (2)(B) of subsection (b)'' and inserting 
                ``subsection (b)(2)''; and
                    (B) by striking ``, average adjusted gross 
                farm income, or average adjusted gross nonfarm 
                income''.
    (e) Effective Period.--Subsection (e) of section 1001D of 
the Food Security Act of 1985 (7 U.S.C. 1308-3a), as 
redesignated by subsection (c)(2) of this section, is repealed.
    (f) Limitation on Applicability.--Section 1001(d) of the 
Food Security Act of 1985 (7 U.S.C. 1308) is amended by 
inserting before the period at the end the following: ``or 
title I of the Agricultural Act of 2014''.
    (g) Transition.--Section 1001D of the Food Security Act of 
1985 (7 U.S.C. 1308-3a), as in effect on the day before the 
date of the enactment of this Act, shall apply with respect to 
the 2013 crop, fiscal, or program year, as appropriate, for 
each program described in paragraphs (1)(C) and (2)(B) of 
subsection (b) of that section (as so in effect on that day).

SEC. 1606. GEOGRAPHICALLY DISADVANTAGED FARMERS AND RANCHERS.

    Section 1621(d) of the Food, Conservation, and Energy Act 
of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 8792(d)) is amended by striking ``each of 
fiscal years 2009 through 2012'' and inserting ``fiscal year 
2009 and each succeeding fiscal year''.

SEC. 1607. PERSONAL LIABILITY OF PRODUCERS FOR DEFICIENCIES.

    Section 164 of the Federal Agriculture Improvement and 
Reform Act of 1996 (7 U.S.C. 7284) is amended by striking ``and 
title I of the Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008'' 
each place it appears and inserting ``title I of the Food, 
Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 8702 et seq.), 
and title I of the Agricultural Act of 2014''.

SEC. 1608. PREVENTION OF DECEASED INDIVIDUALS RECEIVING PAYMENTS UNDER 
                    FARM COMMODITY PROGRAMS.

    (a) Reconciliation.--At least twice each year, the 
Secretary shall reconcile Social Security numbers of all 
individuals who receive payments under this title, whether 
directly or indirectly, with the Commissioner of Social 
Security to determine if the individuals are alive.
    (b) Preclusion.--The Secretary shall preclude the issuance 
of payments to, and on behalf of, deceased individuals that 
were not eligible for payments.

SEC. 1609. TECHNICAL CORRECTIONS.

    (a) Missing Punctuation.--Section 359f(c)(1)(B) of the 
Agricultural Adjustment Act of 1938 (7 U.S.C. 1359ff(c)(1)(B)) 
is amended by adding a period at the end.
    (b) Erroneous Cross Reference.--
            (1) Amendment.--Section 1603(g) of the Food, 
        Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008 (Public Law 110-
        246; 122 Stat. 1739) is amended in paragraphs (2) 
        through (6) and the amendments made by those paragraphs 
        by striking ``1703(a)'' each place it appears and 
        inserting ``1603(a)''.
            (2) Effective date.--This subsection and the 
        amendments made by this subsection take effect as if 
        included in the Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 
        2008 (Public Law 110-246; 122 Stat. 1651).
    (c) Continued Applicability of Appropriations General 
Provision.--Section 767 of division A of Public Law 108-7 (7 
U.S.C. 7911 note; 117 Stat. 48) is amended--
            (1) by striking ``(a)'';
            (2) by striking ``sections 1101 and 1102 of Public 
        Law 107-171'' and inserting ``subtitle A of title I of 
        the Agricultural Act of 2014''; and
            (3) by striking ``such section 1102'' and inserting 
        ``such subtitle''; and
            (4) by striking subsection (b).

SEC. 1610. APPEALS.

    (a) Direction, Control, and Support.--Section 272 of the 
Department of Agriculture Reorganization Act of 1994 (7 U.S.C. 
6992) is amended by striking subsection (c) and inserting the 
following:
    ``(c) Direction, Control, and Support.--
            ``(1) Direction and control.--
                    ``(A) In general.--Except as provided in 
                paragraph (2), the Director shall be free from 
                the direction and control of any person other 
                than the Secretary or the Deputy Secretary of 
                Agriculture.
                    ``(B) Administrative support.--The Division 
                shall not receive administrative support 
                (except on a reimbursable basis) from any 
                agency other than the Office of the Secretary.
                    ``(C) Prohibition on delegation.--The 
                Secretary may not delegate to any other officer 
                or employee of the Department, other than the 
                Deputy Secretary of Agriculture or the 
                Director, the authority of the Secretary with 
                respect to the Division.
            ``(2) Exception.--The Assistant Secretary for 
        Administration is authorized to investigate, enforce, 
        and implement the provisions in law, Executive order, 
        or regulations that relate in general to competitive 
        and excepted service positions and employment within 
        the Division, including the position of Director, and 
        such authority may be further delegated to subordinate 
        officials.''.
    (b) Conforming Amendment.--Section 296(b) of the Department 
of Agriculture Reorganization Act of 1994 (7 U.S.C. 7014(b)) is 
amended--
            (1) in the matter preceding paragraph (1) by 
        striking ``affect--'' and inserting ``affect:'';
            (2) by striking ``the authority'' each place it 
        appears in paragraphs (1) through (7) and inserting 
        ``The authority'';
            (3) by striking the semicolon at the end of each of 
        paragraphs (1) through (5) and inserting a period;
            (4) in paragraph (6)(C), by striking ``; or'' at 
        the end and inserting a period; and
            (5) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(8) The authority of the Secretary to carry out 
        amendments made to this title by the Agricultural Act 
        of 2014.''.

SEC. 1611. ASSIGNMENT OF PAYMENTS.

    (a) In General.--The provisions of section 8(g) of the Soil 
Conservation and Domestic Allotment Act (16 U.S.C. 590h(g)), 
relating to assignment of payments, shall apply to payments 
made under this title.
    (b) Notice.--The producer making the assignment, or the 
assignee, shall provide the Secretary with notice, in such 
manner as the Secretary may require, of any assignment made 
under this section.

SEC. 1612. TRACKING OF BENEFITS.

    As soon as practicable after the date of enactment of this 
Act, the Secretary may track the benefits provided, directly or 
indirectly, to individuals and entities under titles I and II 
and the amendments made by those titles.

SEC. 1613. SIGNATURE AUTHORITY.

    (a) In General.--In carrying out this title and title II 
and amendments made by those titles, if the Secretary approves 
a document, the Secretary shall not subsequently determine the 
document is inadequate or invalid because of the lack of 
authority of any person signing the document on behalf of the 
applicant or any other individual, entity, general partnership, 
or joint venture, or the documents relied upon were determined 
inadequate or invalid, unless the person signing the program 
document knowingly and willfully falsified the evidence of 
signature authority or a signature.
    (b) Affirmation.--
            (1) In general.--Nothing in this section prohibits 
        the Secretary from asking a proper party to affirm any 
        document that otherwise would be considered approved 
        under subsection (a).
            (2) No retroactive effect.--A denial of benefits 
        based on a lack of affirmation under paragraph (1) 
        shall not be retroactive with respect to third-party 
        producers who were not the subject of the erroneous 
        representation of authority, if the third-party 
        producers--
                    (A) relied on the prior approval by the 
                Secretary of the documents in good faith; and
                    (B) substantively complied with all program 
                requirements.

SEC. 1614. IMPLEMENTATION.

    (a) Maintenance of Base Acres and Payment Yields.--The 
Secretary shall maintain, for each covered commodity and upland 
cotton, base acres and payment yields on a farm established 
under sections 1001 and 1301 of the Food, Conservation, and 
Energy Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 8702, 8751), as adjusted pursuant 
to sections 1101, 1102, 1108, and 1302 of such Act (7 U.S.C. 
8711, 8712, 8718, 8752), as in effect on September 30, 2013.
    (b) Streamlining.--In implementing this title, the 
Secretary shall--
            (1) reduce administrative burdens and costs to 
        producers by streamlining and reducing paperwork, 
        forms, and other administrative requirements, including 
        through the implementation of the Acreage Crop 
        Reporting and Streamlining Initiative that, in part, 
        shall ensure that--
                    (A) a producer (or an agent of a producer) 
                may report information, electronically 
                (including geospatial data) or conventionally, 
                to the Department; and
                    (B) upon the request of the producer (or 
                agent thereof) the Department of Agriculture 
                electronically shares with the producer (or 
                agent) in real time and without cost to the 
                producer (or agent) the common land unit data, 
                related farm level data, and other information 
                of the producer;
            (2) improve coordination, information sharing, and 
        administrative work with the Farm Service Agency, Risk 
        Management Agency, and the Natural Resources 
        Conservation Service; and
            (3) take advantage of new technologies to enhance 
        efficiency and effectiveness of program delivery to 
        producers.
    (c) Implementation.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary shall make available 
        to the Farm Service Agency to carry out this title 
        $100,000,000.
            (2) Additional funds.--
                    (A) Initial determination.--If, by 
                September 30, 2014, the Secretary notifies the 
                Committee on Agriculture of the House of 
                Representatives and the Committee on 
                Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry of the 
                Senate that the Farm Service Agency has made 
                substantial progress toward implementing the 
                requirements of subsection (b)(1), the 
                Secretary shall make available to the Farm 
                Service Agency to carry out this title 
                $10,000,000 on October 1, 2014. The amount made 
                available under this subparagraph is in 
                addition to the amount made available under 
                paragraph (1).
                    (B) Subsequent determination.--If, by 
                September 30, 2015, the Secretary notifies the 
                Committee on Agriculture of the House of 
                Representatives and the Committee on 
                Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry of the 
                Senate that the requirements of subsection 
                (b)(1) have been fully implemented and those 
                Committees provide written concurrence to the 
                Secretary, the Secretary shall make available 
                to the Farm Service Agency to carry out this 
                title $10,000,000 on the date the written 
                concurrence is provided or October 1, 2015, 
                whichever is later. The amount made available 
                under this subparagraph is in addition to the 
                amount made available under paragraph (1) and 
                any amount made available under subparagraph 
                (A).
            (3) Producer education.--
                    (A) In general.--Of the funds made 
                available under paragraph (1), the Secretary 
                shall provide $3,000,000 to State extension 
                services for the purpose of educating farmers 
                and ranchers on the options made available 
                under subtitles A, D, and E of this title and 
                under section 196 of the Federal Agriculture 
                Improvement and Reform Act of 1996 (7 U.S.C. 
                7333).
                    (B) Web-based decision aids.--
                            (i) Use of qualified 
                        universities.--Of the funds made 
                        available under paragraph (1), the 
                        Secretary shall use $3,000,000 to 
                        support qualified universities (or 
                        university-based organizations) that 
                        represent a diversity of regions and 
                        commodities (including dairy), possess 
                        expertise regarding the programs 
                        authorized by this Act, have a history 
                        in the development of decision aids and 
                        producer outreach initiatives regarding 
                        farm risk management programs, and are 
                        able to meet the deadline established 
                        pursuant to clause (ii) to develop web-
                        based decision aids to assist producers 
                        in understanding available options 
                        described in subparagraph (A) and to 
                        train producers to use these decision 
                        aids.
                            (ii) Deadlines.--To the maximum 
                        extent practicable, the Secretary 
                        shall--
                                    (I) obligate the funds made 
                                available under clause (i) 
                                within 30 days after the date 
                                of the enactment of this Act; 
                                and
                                    (II) require the products 
                                described in clause (i) to be 
                                made available to producers on 
                                the internet within a 
                                reasonable period of time, as 
                                determined by the Secretary, 
                                after the implementation of the 
                                first rule implementing 
                                programs required under 
                                subtitle A of this title.
    (d) Loan Implementation.--
            (1) In general.--In any crop year in which an order 
        is issued pursuant 2 U.S.C. 901(a), the Secretary shall 
        use such sums as necessary of the funds of the 
        Commodity Credit Corporation for such crop year to 
        fully restore the support, loan, or assistance that is 
        otherwise required under subtitles B or C of this title 
        or under the amendments made by subtitles B or C, 
        except with respect to the assistance provided under 
        sections 1207(c) and 1208.
            (2) Repayment.--In carrying out this subsection, 
        the Secretary shall ensure that when a producer repays 
        a loan at a rate equal to the loan rate plus interest 
        in accordance with the repayment provisions of 
        subtitles B or C that the repayment amount shall 
        include the portion of the loan amount provided under 
        paragraph (1), except that this paragraph shall not 
        affect or reduce marketing loan gains, loan deficiency 
        payments, or forfeiture benefits provided for under 
        subtitles B or C and as supplemented in accordance with 
        paragraph (1).

SEC. 1615. RESEARCH OPTION.

    (a) In General.--Notwithstanding section 4(m) of the 
Commodity Credit Corporation Charter Act (15 U.S.C. 714b(m)), 
funds of the Commodity Credit Corporation disbursed pursuant to 
the memorandum of understanding between the Government of the 
United States of America and the Government of the Federative 
Republic of Brazil regarding a fund for technical assistance 
and capacity building with respect to dispute WT/DS 267 in the 
World Trade Organization may, upon resolution of the dispute, 
be used for research consistent with the conditions imposed by 
subsection (b).
    (b) Conditions.--Research authorized by subsection (a) must 
be conducted in collaboration with research agencies of the 
United States Department of Agriculture or with a college, 
university, or research foundation located in the United 
States. Such research and collaboration shall be subject to the 
agreement of the parties to the resolved dispute described in 
subsection (a).

                         TITLE II--CONSERVATION

                Subtitle A--Conservation Reserve Program

SEC. 2001. EXTENSION AND ENROLLMENT REQUIREMENTS OF CONSERVATION 
                    RESERVE PROGRAM.

    (a) Extension.--Section 1231(a) of the Food Security Act of 
1985 (16 U.S.C. 3831(a)) is amended by striking ``2012'' and 
inserting ``2018''.
    (b) Eligible Land.--Section 1231(b) of the Food Security 
Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3831(b)) is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1)(B), by striking ``the date of 
        enactment of the Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 
        2008'' and inserting ``the date of enactment of the 
        Agricultural Act of 2014'';
            (2) by striking paragraph (2) and redesignating 
        paragraph (3) as paragraph (2);
            (3) by inserting before paragraph (4) the following 
        new paragraph:
            ``(3) grasslands that--
                    ``(A) contain forbs or shrubland (including 
                improved rangeland and pastureland) for which 
                grazing is the predominant use;
                    ``(B) are located in an area historically 
                dominated by grasslands; and
                    ``(C) could provide habitat for animal and 
                plant populations of significant ecological 
                value if the land is retained in its current 
                use or restored to a natural condition;'';
            (4) in paragraph (4)(C), by striking ``filterstrips 
        devoted to trees or shrubs'' and inserting 
        ``filterstrips or riparian buffers devoted to trees, 
        shrubs, or grasses''; and
            (5) by striking paragraph (5) and inserting the 
        following new paragraph:
            ``(5) the portion of land in a field not enrolled 
        in the conservation reserve in a case in which--
                    ``(A) more than 50 percent of the land in 
                the field is enrolled as a buffer or 
                filterstrip, or more than 75 percent of the 
                land in the field is enrolled as a conservation 
                practice other than as a buffer or filterstrip; 
                and
                    ``(B) the remainder of the field is--
                            ``(i) infeasible to farm; and
                            ``(ii) enrolled at regular rental 
                        rates.''.
    (c) Planting Status of Certain Land.--Section 1231(c) of 
the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3831(c)) is amended by 
striking ``if'' and all that follows through the period at the 
end and inserting ``if, during the crop year, the land was 
devoted to a conserving use.''.
    (d) Enrollment.--Subsection (d) of section 1231 of the Food 
Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3831) is amended to read as 
follows:
    ``(d) Enrollment.--
            ``(1) Maximum acreage enrolled.--The Secretary may 
        maintain in the conservation reserve at any one time 
        during--
                    ``(A) fiscal year 2014, no more than 
                27,500,000 acres;
                    ``(B) fiscal year 2015, no more than 
                26,000,000 acres;
                    ``(C) fiscal year 2016, no more than 
                25,000,000 acres;
                    ``(D) fiscal year 2017, no more than 
                24,000,000 acres; and
                    ``(E) fiscal year 2018, no more than 
                24,000,000 acres.
            ``(2) Grasslands.--
                    ``(A) Limitation.--For purposes of applying 
                the limitations in paragraph (1), no more than 
                2,000,000 acres of the land described in 
                subsection (b)(3) may be enrolled in the 
                program at any one time during the 2014 through 
                2018 fiscal years.
                    ``(B) Priority.--In enrolling acres under 
                subparagraph (A), the Secretary may give 
                priority to land with expiring conservation 
                reserve program contracts.
                    ``(C) Method of enrollment.--In enrolling 
                acres under subparagraph (A), the Secretary 
                shall make the program available to owners or 
                operators of eligible land on a continuous 
                enrollment basis with one or more ranking 
                periods.''.
    (e) Duration of Contract.--Section 1231(e) of the Food 
Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3831(e)) is amended by striking 
paragraphs (2) and (3) and inserting the following new 
paragraph:
            ``(2) Special rule for certain land.--In the case 
        of land devoted to hardwood trees, shelterbelts, 
        windbreaks, or wildlife corridors under a contract 
        entered into under this subchapter, the owner or 
        operator of the land may, within the limitations 
        prescribed under paragraph (1), specify the duration of 
        the contract.''.
    (f) Conservation Priority Areas.--Section 1231(f) of the 
Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3831(f)) is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1), by striking ``watershed areas 
        of the Chesapeake Bay Region, the Great Lakes Region, 
        the Long Island Sound Region, and other'';
            (2) in paragraph (2), by striking ``Watersheds.--
        Watersheds'' and inserting ``Areas.--Areas''; and
            (3) in paragraph (3), by striking ``a watershed's 
        designation--'' and all that follows through the period 
        at the end and inserting ``an area's designation if the 
        Secretary finds that the area no longer contains actual 
        and significant adverse water quality or habitat 
        impacts related to agricultural production 
        activities.''.

SEC. 2002. FARMABLE WETLAND PROGRAM.

    (a) Extension.--Section 1231B(a)(1) of the Food Security 
Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3831b(a)(1)) is amended--
            (1) by striking ``2012'' and inserting ``2018''; 
        and
            (2) by striking ``a program'' and inserting ``a 
        farmable wetland program''.
    (b) Eligible Acreage.--Section 1231B(b)(1)(B) of the Food 
Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3831b(b)(1)(B)) is amended by 
striking ``flow from a row crop agriculture drainage system'' 
and inserting ``surface and subsurface flow from row crop 
agricultural production''.
    (c) Acreage Limitation.--Section 1231B(c)(1)(B) of the Food 
Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3831b(c)(1)(B)) is amended by 
striking ``1,000,000'' and inserting ``750,000''.
    (d) Clerical Amendments.--Section 1231B of the Food 
Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3831b) is amended--
            (1) by striking the heading and inserting the 
        following: ``farmable wetland program''; and
            (2) in subsection (f)(2), by striking ``section 
        1234(c)(2)(B)'' and inserting ``section 
        1234(d)(2)(A)(ii)''.

SEC. 2003. DUTIES OF OWNERS AND OPERATORS.

    (a) Limitation on Harvesting, Grazing, or Commercial Use of 
Forage.--Section 1232(a)(8) of the Food Security Act of 1985 
(16 U.S.C. 3832(a)(8)) is amended by striking ``except that'' 
and all that follows through the semicolon at the end of the 
paragraph and inserting ``except as provided in subsection (b) 
or (c) of section 1233;''.
    (b) Conservation Plan Requirements.--Subsection (b) of 
section 1232 of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3832) 
is amended to read as follows:
    ``(b) Conservation Plans.--The plan referred to in 
subsection (a)(1) shall set forth--
            ``(1) the conservation measures and practices to be 
        carried out by the owner or operator during the term of 
        the contract; and
            ``(2) the commercial use, if any, to be permitted 
        on the land during the term.''.
    (c) Rental Payment Reduction.--Section 1232 of the Food 
Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3832) is amended by striking 
subsection (d).

SEC. 2004. DUTIES OF THE SECRETARY.

    Section 1233 of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 
3833) is amended to read as follows:

``SEC. 1233. DUTIES OF THE SECRETARY.

    ``(a) Cost-Share and Rental Payments.--In return for a 
contract entered into by an owner or operator under the 
conservation reserve program, the Secretary shall--
            ``(1) share the cost of carrying out the 
        conservation measures and practices set forth in the 
        contract for which the Secretary determines that cost 
        sharing is appropriate and in the public interest; and
            ``(2) for a period of years not in excess of the 
        term of the contract, pay an annual rental payment in 
        an amount necessary to compensate for--
                    ``(A) the conversion of highly erodible 
                cropland or other eligible lands normally 
                devoted to the production of an agricultural 
                commodity on a farm or ranch to a less 
                intensive use;
                    ``(B) the retirement of any base history 
                that the owner or operator agrees to retire 
                permanently; and
                    ``(C) the development and management of 
                grasslands for multiple natural resource 
                conservation benefits, including to soil, 
                water, air, and wildlife.
    ``(b) Specified Activities Permitted.--The Secretary shall 
permit certain activities or commercial uses of land that is 
subject to a contract under the conservation reserve program if 
those activities or uses are consistent with a plan approved by 
the Secretary and include--
            ``(1) harvesting, grazing, or other commercial use 
        of the forage in response to a drought, flooding, or 
        other emergency, without any reduction in the rental 
        rate;
            ``(2) consistent with the conservation of soil, 
        water quality, and wildlife habitat (including habitat 
        during primary nesting seasons for birds in the area), 
        and in exchange for a reduction of not less than 25 
        percent in the annual rental rate for the acres covered 
        by the authorized activity, managed harvesting and 
        other commercial use (including the managed harvesting 
        of biomass), except that in permitting those 
        activities, the Secretary, in coordination with the 
        State technical committee--
                    ``(A) shall develop appropriate vegetation 
                management requirements; and
                    ``(B) shall identify periods during which 
                the activities may be conducted, such that the 
                frequency is at least every 5 but not more than 
                once every 3 years;
            ``(3) subject to appropriate restrictions during 
        the nesting season for birds in the local area that are 
        economically significant, in significant decline, or 
        conserved in accordance with Federal or State law, as 
        determined by the Secretary in consultation with the 
        State technical committee, and in exchange for a 
        reduction of not less than 25 percent in the annual 
        rental rate for the acres covered by the authorized 
        activity--
                    ``(A) prescribed grazing for the control of 
                invasive species, which may be conducted 
                annually;
                    ``(B) routine grazing, except that in 
                permitting such routine grazing, the Secretary, 
                in coordination with the State technical 
                committee--
                            ``(i) shall develop appropriate 
                        vegetation management requirements and 
                        stocking rates for the land that are 
                        suitable for continued routine grazing; 
                        and
                            ``(ii) shall identify the periods 
                        during which routine grazing may be 
                        conducted, such that the frequency is 
                        not more than once every 2 years, 
                        taking into consideration regional 
                        differences such as--
                                    ``(I) climate, soil type, 
                                and natural resources;
                                    ``(II) the number of years 
                                that should be required between 
                                routine grazing activities; and
                                    ``(III) how often during a 
                                year in which routine grazing 
                                is permitted that routine 
                                grazing should be allowed to 
                                occur; and
                    ``(C) the installation of wind turbines and 
                associated access, except that in permitting 
                the installation of wind turbines, the 
                Secretary shall determine the number and 
                location of wind turbines that may be 
                installed, taking into account--
                            ``(i) the location, size, and other 
                        physical characteristics of the land;
                            ``(ii) the extent to which the land 
                        contains threatened or endangered 
                        wildlife and wildlife habitat; and
                            ``(iii) the purposes of the 
                        conservation reserve program under this 
                        subchapter;
            ``(4) the intermittent and seasonal use of 
        vegetative buffer practices incidental to agricultural 
        production on lands adjacent to the buffer such that 
        the permitted use does not destroy the permanent 
        vegetative cover; and
            ``(5) grazing by livestock of a beginning farmer or 
        rancher without any reduction in the rental rate, if 
        the grazing is--
                    ``(A) consistent with the conservation of 
                soil, water quality, and wildlife habitat;
                    ``(B) subject to appropriate restrictions 
                during the nesting season for birds in the 
                local area that are economically significant, 
                in significant decline, or conserved in 
                accordance with Federal or State law, as 
                determined by the Secretary in consultation 
                with the State technical committee; and
                    ``(C) described in subparagraph (A) or (B) 
                of paragraph (3).
    ``(c) Authorized Activities on Grasslands.--For eligible 
land described in section 1231(b)(3), the Secretary shall 
permit the following activities:
            ``(1) Common grazing practices, including 
        maintenance and necessary cultural practices, on the 
        land in a manner that is consistent with maintaining 
        the viability of grassland, forb, and shrub species 
        appropriate to that locality.
            ``(2) Haying, mowing, or harvesting for seed 
        production, subject to appropriate restrictions during 
        the nesting season for birds in the local area that are 
        economically significant, in significant decline, or 
        conserved in accordance with Federal or State law, as 
        determined by the Secretary in consultation with the 
        State technical committee.
            ``(3) Fire presuppression, fire-related 
        rehabilitation, and construction of fire breaks.
            ``(4) Grazing-related activities, such as fencing 
        and livestock watering.
    ``(d) Resource Conserving Use.--
            ``(1) In general.--Beginning on the date that is 1 
        year before the date of termination of a contract under 
        the program, the Secretary shall allow an owner or 
        operator to make conservation and land improvements for 
        economic use that facilitate maintaining protection of 
        enrolled land after expiration of the contract.
            ``(2) Conservation plan.--The Secretary shall 
        require an owner or operator carrying out the 
        activities described in paragraph (1) to develop and 
        implement a conservation plan.
            ``(3) Re-enrollment prohibited.--Land improved 
        under paragraph (1) may not be re-enrolled in the 
        conservation reserve program for 5 years after the date 
        of termination of the contract.
            ``(4) Payment reduction.--In the case of an 
        activity carried out under paragraph (1), the Secretary 
        shall reduce the payment otherwise payable under the 
        contract by an amount commensurate with the economic 
        value of the activity.''.

SEC. 2005. PAYMENTS.

    (a) Trees, Windbreaks, Shelterbelts, and Wildlife 
Corridors.--Section 1234(b)(3)(A) of the Food Security Act of 
1985 (16 U.S.C. 3834(b)(3)(A)) is amended to read as follows:
                    ``(A) Applicability.--This paragraph 
                applies to land devoted to the production of 
                hardwood trees, windbreaks, shelterbelts, or 
                wildlife corridors under a contract entered 
                into under this subchapter after November 28, 
                1990.''.
    (b) Incentives for Thinning.--Section 1234 of the Food 
Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3834) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (b)--
                    (A) in the heading, by striking ``Federal 
                Percentage of''; and
                    (B) in paragraph (3)(B)--
                            (i) in clause (i), by striking ``or 
                        thinning''; and
                            (ii) by amending clause (ii) to 
                        read as follows:
                            ``(ii) Duration.--The Secretary 
                        shall make payments as described in 
                        clause (i) for a period of not less 
                        than 2 years, but not more than 4 
                        years, beginning on the date of the 
                        planting of the trees or shrubs.'';
            (2) by redesignating subsections (c) through (g) as 
        subsections (d) through (h), respectively; and
            (3) by inserting after subsection (b) the 
        following:
    ``(c) Incentive Payments.--
            ``(1) In general.--The Secretary may make incentive 
        payments to an owner or operator of eligible land in an 
        amount sufficient to encourage proper thinning and 
        other practices to improve the condition of resources, 
        promote forest management, or enhance wildlife habitat 
        on the land.
            ``(2) Limitation.--A payment described in paragraph 
        (1) may not exceed 150 percent of the total cost of 
        thinning and other practices conducted by the owner or 
        operator.''.
    (c) Annual Rental Payments.--Section 1234(d) of the Food 
Security Act of 1985 (as redesignated by subsection (b)(2)) is 
amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1), by inserting ``or other 
        eligible lands'' after ``highly erodible cropland'' 
        both places it appears;
            (2) by striking paragraph (2) and inserting the 
        following new paragraph:
            ``(2) Methods of determination.--
                    ``(A) In general.--The amounts payable to 
                owners or operators in the form of rental 
                payments under contracts entered into under 
                this subchapter may be determined through--
                            ``(i) the submission of bids for 
                        such contracts by owners and operators 
                        in such manner as the Secretary may 
                        prescribe; or
                            ``(ii) such other means as the 
                        Secretary determines are appropriate.
                    ``(B) Grasslands.--In the case of eligible 
                land described in section 1231(b)(3), the 
                Secretary shall make annual payments in an 
                amount that is not more than 75 percent of the 
                grazing value of the land covered by the 
                contract.''; and
            (3) in paragraph (5)--
                    (A) in subparagraph (A), by striking 
                ``conduct an annual survey'' and inserting ``, 
                not less frequently than once every other year, 
                conduct a survey'';
                    (B) in subparagraph (B), by striking 
                ``annual''; and
                    (C) by adding at the end the following:
                    ``(C) Use.--The Secretary may use the 
                estimates derived from the survey conducted 
                under subparagraph (A) relating to dryland cash 
                rental rates as a factor in determining rental 
                rates under this section in a manner determined 
                appropriate by the Secretary.''.
    (d) Payment Schedule.--Subsection (e) of section 1234 of 
the Food Security Act of 1985 (as redesignated by subsection 
(b)(2)) is amended to read as follows:
    ``(e) Payment Schedule.--
            ``(1) In general.--Except as otherwise provided in 
        this section, payments under this subchapter shall be 
        made in cash in such amount and on such time schedule 
        as is agreed on and specified in the contract.
            ``(2) Advance payment.--Payments under this 
        subchapter may be made in advance of determination of 
        performance.''.
    (e) Payment Limitation.--Section 1234(g) of the Food 
Security Act of 1985 (as redesignated by subsection (b)(2)) is 
amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1), by striking ``, including 
        rental payments made in the form of in-kind 
        commodities,'';
            (2) by striking paragraph (3); and
            (3) by redesignating paragraph (4) as paragraph 
        (2).

SEC. 2006. CONTRACT REQUIREMENTS.

    (a) Early Termination by Owner or Operator.--Section 
1235(e) of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3835(e)) is 
amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1)(A)--
                    (A) by striking ``The Secretary'' and 
                inserting ``During fiscal year 2015, the 
                Secretary''; and
                    (B) by striking ``before January 1, 
                1995,'';
            (2) in paragraph (2), by striking subparagraph (C) 
        and inserting the following:
                    ``(C) Land devoted to hardwood trees.
                    ``(D) Wildlife habitat, duck nesting 
                habitat, pollinator habitat, upland bird 
                habitat buffer, wildlife food plots, State 
                acres for wildlife enhancement, shallow water 
                areas for wildlife, and rare and declining 
                habitat.
                    ``(E) Farmable wetland and restored 
                wetland.
                    ``(F) Land that contains diversions, 
                erosion control structures, flood control 
                structures, contour grass strips, living snow 
                fences, salinity reducing vegetation, cross 
                wind trap strips, and sediment retention 
                structures.
                    ``(G) Land located within a federally 
                designated wellhead protection area.
                    ``(H) Land that is covered by an easement 
                under the conservation reserve program.
                    ``(I) Land located within an average width, 
                according to the applicable Natural Resources 
                Conservation Service field office technical 
                guide, of a perennial stream or permanent water 
                body.
                    ``(J) Land enrolled under the conservation 
                reserve enhancement program.''; and
            (3) in paragraph (3), by striking ``60 days after 
        the date on which the owner or operator submits the 
        notice required under paragraph (1)(C)'' and inserting 
        ``upon approval by the Secretary''.
    (b) Transition Option for Certain Farmers or Ranchers.--
Section 1235(f) of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 
3835(f)) is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1)--
                    (A) in the matter preceding subparagraph 
                (A), by striking ``Duties'' and all that 
                follows through ``a beginning farmer or rancher 
                or'' and inserting ``Transition to covered 
                farmer or rancher.--In the case of a contract 
                modification approved in order to facilitate 
                the transfer of land subject to a contract from 
                a retired farmer or rancher to a beginning 
                farmer or rancher, a veteran farmer or rancher 
                (as defined in section 2501(e) of the Food, 
                Agriculture, Conservation, and Trade Act of 
                1990 (7 U.S.C. 2279(e))), or a'';
                    (B) in subparagraph (A)(i), by inserting 
                ``, including preparing to plant an 
                agricultural crop'' after ``improvements'';
                    (C) in subparagraph (D), by striking ``the 
                farmer or rancher'' and inserting ``the covered 
                farmer or rancher''; and
                    (D) in subparagraph (E), by striking 
                ``section 1001A(b)(3)(B)'' and inserting 
                ``section 1001''; and
            (2) in paragraph (2), by striking ``requirement of 
        section 1231(h)(4)(B)'' and inserting ``option pursuant 
        to section 1234(d)(2)(A)(ii)''.
    (c) Final Year Contract.--Section 1235 of the Food Security 
Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3835) is amended by adding at the end 
the following new subsections:
    ``(g) Final Year of Contract.--The Secretary shall not 
consider an owner or operator to be in violation of a term or 
condition of the conservation reserve contract if--
            ``(1) during the year prior to expiration of the 
        contract, the land is enrolled in the conservation 
        stewardship program; and
            ``(2) the activity required under the conservation 
        stewardship program pursuant to such enrollment is 
        consistent with this subchapter.
    ``(h) Land Enrolled in Agricultural Conservation Easement 
Program.--The Secretary may terminate or modify a contract 
entered into under this subchapter if eligible land that is 
subject to such contract is transferred into the agricultural 
conservation easement program under subtitle H.''.

SEC. 2007. CONVERSION OF LAND SUBJECT TO CONTRACT TO OTHER CONSERVING 
                    USES.

    Section 1235A of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 
3835a) is repealed.

SEC. 2008. EFFECT ON EXISTING CONTRACTS.

    (a) In General.--Except as provided in paragraph (2), the 
amendments made by this subtitle shall not affect the validity 
or terms of any contract entered into by the Secretary of 
Agriculture under subchapter B of chapter 1 of subtitle D of 
title XII of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3831 et 
seq.) before the date of enactment of the Agricultural Act of 
2014, or any payments required to be made in connection with 
the contract.
    (b) Updating of Existing Contracts.--The Secretary shall 
permit an owner or operator of land subject to a contract 
entered into under subchapter B of chapter 1 of subtitle D of 
title XII of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3831 et 
seq.) before the date of enactment of the Agricultural Act of 
2014, to update the contract to reflect the activities and uses 
of land under contract permitted under the terms and conditions 
of section 1233(b) of that Act (as amended by section 2004), as 
determined appropriate by the Secretary.

              Subtitle B--Conservation Stewardship Program

SEC. 2101. CONSERVATION STEWARDSHIP PROGRAM.

    (a) Revision of Current Program.--Subchapter B of chapter 2 
of subtitle D of title XII of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 
U.S.C. 3838d et seq.) is amended to read as follows:

            ``Subchapter B--Conservation Stewardship Program

``SEC. 1238D. DEFINITIONS.

    ``In this subchapter:
            ``(1) Agricultural operation.--The term 
        `agricultural operation' means all eligible land, 
        whether or not contiguous, that is--
                    ``(A) under the effective control of a 
                producer at the time the producer enters into a 
                contract under the program; and
                    ``(B) operated with equipment, labor, 
                management, and production or cultivation 
                practices that are substantially separate from 
                other agricultural operations, as determined by 
                the Secretary.
            ``(2) Conservation activities.--
                    ``(A) In general.--The term `conservation 
                activities' means conservation systems, 
                practices, or management measures.
                    ``(B) Inclusions.--The term `conservation 
                activities' includes--
                            ``(i) structural measures, 
                        vegetative measures, and land 
                        management measures, including 
                        agriculture drainage management 
                        systems, as determined by the 
                        Secretary; and
                            ``(ii) planning needed to address a 
                        priority resource concern.
            ``(3) Conservation stewardship plan.--The term 
        `conservation stewardship plan' means a plan that--
                    ``(A) identifies and inventories priority 
                resource concerns;
                    ``(B) establishes benchmark data and 
                conservation objectives;
                    ``(C) describes conservation activities to 
                be implemented, managed, or improved; and
                    ``(D) includes a schedule and evaluation 
                plan for the planning, installation, and 
                management of the new and existing conservation 
                activities.
            ``(4) Eligible land.--
                    ``(A) In general.--The term `eligible land' 
                means--
                            ``(i) private or tribal land on 
                        which agricultural commodities, 
                        livestock, or forest-related products 
                        are produced; and
                            ``(ii) lands associated with the 
                        land described in clause (i) on which 
                        priority resource concerns could be 
                        addressed through a contract under the 
                        program.
                    ``(B) Inclusions.--The term `eligible land' 
                includes--
                            ``(i) cropland;
                            ``(ii) grassland;
                            ``(iii) rangeland;
                            ``(iv) pasture land;
                            ``(v) nonindustrial private forest 
                        land; and
                            ``(vi) other land in agricultural 
                        areas (including cropped woodland, 
                        marshes, and agricultural land used or 
                        capable of being used for the 
                        production of livestock), as determined 
                        by the Secretary.
            ``(5) Priority resource concern.--The term 
        `priority resource concern' means a natural resource 
        concern or problem, as determined by the Secretary, 
        that--
                    ``(A) is identified at the national, State, 
                or local level as a priority for a particular 
                area of a State;
                    ``(B) represents a significant concern in a 
                State or region; and
                    ``(C) is likely to be addressed 
                successfully through the implementation of 
                conservation activities under this program.
            ``(6) Program.--The term `program' means the 
        conservation stewardship program established by this 
        subchapter.
            ``(7) Stewardship threshold.--The term `stewardship 
        threshold' means the level of management required, as 
        determined by the Secretary, to conserve and improve 
        the quality and condition of a natural resource.

``SEC. 1238E. CONSERVATION STEWARDSHIP PROGRAM.

    ``(a) Establishment and Purpose.--During each of fiscal 
years 2014 through 2018, the Secretary shall carry out a 
conservation stewardship program to encourage producers to 
address priority resource concerns and improve and conserve the 
quality and condition of natural resources in a comprehensive 
manner--
            ``(1) by undertaking additional conservation 
        activities; and
            ``(2) by improving, maintaining, and managing 
        existing conservation activities.
    ``(b) Exclusions.--
            ``(1) Land enrolled in other conservation 
        programs.--Subject to paragraph (2), the following land 
        (even if covered by the definition of eligible land) is 
        not eligible for enrollment in the program:
                    ``(A) Land enrolled in the conservation 
                reserve program, unless--
                            ``(i) the conservation reserve 
                        contract will expire at the end of the 
                        fiscal year in which the land is to be 
                        enrolled in the program; and
                            ``(ii) conservation reserve program 
                        payments for land enrolled in the 
                        program cease before the first program 
                        payment is made to the applicant under 
                        this subchapter.
                    ``(B) Land enrolled in a wetland reserve 
                easement through the agricultural conservation 
                easement program.
                    ``(C) Land enrolled in the conservation 
                security program.
            ``(2) Conversion to cropland.--Eligible land used 
        for crop production after the date of enactment of the 
        Agricultural Act of 2014, that had not been planted, 
        considered to be planted, or devoted to crop production 
        for at least 4 of the 6 years preceding that date shall 
        not be the basis for any payment under the program, 
        unless the land does not meet such requirement 
        because--
                    ``(A) the land had previously been enrolled 
                in the conservation reserve program;
                    ``(B) the land has been maintained using 
                long-term crop rotation practices, as 
                determined by the Secretary; or
                    ``(C) the land is incidental land needed 
                for efficient operation of the farm or ranch, 
                as determined by the Secretary.

``SEC. 1238F. STEWARDSHIP CONTRACTS.

    ``(a) Submission of Contract Offers.--To be eligible to 
participate in the conservation stewardship program, a producer 
shall submit to the Secretary a contract offer for the 
agricultural operation that--
            ``(1) demonstrates to the satisfaction of the 
        Secretary that the producer, at the time of the 
        contract offer, meets or exceeds the stewardship 
        threshold for at least 2 priority resource concerns; 
        and
            ``(2) would, at a minimum, meet or exceed the 
        stewardship threshold for at least 1 additional 
        priority resource concern by the end of the stewardship 
        contract by--
                    ``(A) installing and adopting additional 
                conservation activities; and
                    ``(B) improving, maintaining, and managing 
                existing conservation activities across the 
                entire agricultural operation in a manner that 
                increases or extends the conservation benefits 
                in place at the time the contract offer is 
                accepted by the Secretary.
    ``(b) Evaluation of Contract Offers.--
            ``(1) Ranking of applications.--In evaluating 
        contract offers submitted under subsection (a), the 
        Secretary shall rank applications based on--
                    ``(A) the level of conservation treatment 
                on all applicable priority resource concerns at 
                the time of application;
                    ``(B) the degree to which the proposed 
                conservation activities effectively increase 
                conservation performance;
                    ``(C) the number of applicable priority 
                resource concerns proposed to be treated to 
                meet or exceed the stewardship threshold by the 
                end of the contract;
                    ``(D) the extent to which other priority 
                resource concerns will be addressed to meet or 
                exceed the stewardship threshold by the end of 
                the contract period;
                    ``(E) the extent to which the actual and 
                anticipated conservation benefits from the 
                contract are provided at the least cost 
                relative to other similarly beneficial contract 
                offers; and
                    ``(F) the extent to which priority resource 
                concerns will be addressed when transitioning 
                from the conservation reserve program to 
                agricultural production.
            ``(2) Prohibition.--The Secretary may not assign a 
        higher priority to any application because the 
        applicant is willing to accept a lower payment than the 
        applicant would otherwise be eligible to receive.
            ``(3) Additional criteria.--The Secretary may 
        develop and use such additional criteria that the 
        Secretary determines are necessary to ensure that 
        national, State, and local priority resource concerns 
        are effectively addressed.
    ``(c) Entering Into Contracts.--After a determination that 
a producer is eligible for the program under subsection (a), 
and a determination that the contract offer ranks sufficiently 
high under the evaluation criteria under subsection (b), the 
Secretary shall enter into a conservation stewardship contract 
with the producer to enroll the eligible land to be covered by 
the contract.
    ``(d) Contract Provisions.--
            ``(1) Term.--A conservation stewardship contract 
        shall be for a term of 5 years.
            ``(2) Required provisions.--The conservation 
        stewardship contract of a producer shall--
                    ``(A) state the amount of the payment the 
                Secretary agrees to make to the producer for 
                each year of the conservation stewardship 
                contract under section 1238G(d);
                    ``(B) require the producer--
                            ``(i) to implement a conservation 
                        stewardship plan that describes the 
                        program purposes to be achieved through 
                        1 or more conservation activities;
                            ``(ii) to maintain and supply 
                        information as required by the 
                        Secretary to determine compliance with 
                        the conservation stewardship plan and 
                        any other requirements of the program; 
                        and
                            ``(iii) not to conduct any 
                        activities on the agricultural 
                        operation that would tend to defeat the 
                        purposes of the program;
                    ``(C) permit all economic uses of the 
                eligible land that--
                            ``(i) maintain the agricultural 
                        nature of the land; and
                            ``(ii) are consistent with the 
                        conservation purposes of the 
                        conservation stewardship contract;
                    ``(D) include a provision to ensure that a 
                producer shall not be considered in violation 
                of the contract for failure to comply with the 
                contract due to circumstances beyond the 
                control of the producer, including a disaster 
                or related condition, as determined by the 
                Secretary;
                    ``(E) include provisions requiring that 
                upon the violation of a term or condition of 
                the contract at any time the producer has 
                control of the land--
                            ``(i) if the Secretary determines 
                        that the violation warrants termination 
                        of the contract--
                                    ``(I) the producer shall 
                                forfeit all rights to receive 
                                payments under the contract; 
                                and
                                    ``(II) the producer shall 
                                refund all or a portion of the 
                                payments received by the 
                                producer under the contract, 
                                including any interest on the 
                                payments, as determined by the 
                                Secretary; or
                            ``(ii) if the Secretary determines 
                        that the violation does not warrant 
                        termination of the contract, the 
                        producer shall refund or accept 
                        adjustments to the payments provided to 
                        the producer, as the Secretary 
                        determines to be appropriate;
                    ``(F) include provisions in accordance with 
                paragraphs (3) and (4); and
                    ``(G) include any additional provisions the 
                Secretary determines are necessary to carry out 
                the program.
            ``(3) Change of interest in land subject to a 
        contract.--
                    ``(A) In general.--At the time of 
                application, a producer shall have control of 
                the eligible land to be enrolled in the 
                program. Except as provided in subparagraph 
                (B), a change in the interest of a producer in 
                eligible land covered by a contract under the 
                program shall result in the termination of the 
                contract with regard to that land.
                    ``(B) Transfer of duties and rights.--
                Subparagraph (A) shall not apply if--
                            ``(i) within a reasonable period of 
                        time (as determined by the Secretary) 
                        after the date of the change in the 
                        interest in eligible land covered by a 
                        contract under the program, the 
                        transferee of the land provides written 
                        notice to the Secretary that all duties 
                        and rights under the contract have been 
                        transferred to, and assumed by, the 
                        transferee for the portion of the land 
                        transferred;
                            ``(ii) the transferee meets the 
                        eligibility requirements of the 
                        program; and
                            ``(iii) the Secretary approves the 
                        transfer of all duties and rights under 
                        the contract.
            ``(4) Modification and termination of contracts.--
                    ``(A) Voluntary modification or 
                termination.--The Secretary may modify or 
                terminate a contract with a producer if--
                            ``(i) the producer agrees to the 
                        modification or termination; and
                            ``(ii) the Secretary determines 
                        that the modification or termination is 
                        in the public interest.
                    ``(B) Involuntary termination.--The 
                Secretary may terminate a contract if the 
                Secretary determines that the producer violated 
                the contract.
            ``(5) Repayment.--If a contract is terminated, the 
        Secretary may, consistent with the purposes of the 
        program--
                    ``(A) allow the producer to retain payments 
                already received under the contract; or
                    ``(B) require repayment, in whole or in 
                part, of payments received and assess 
                liquidated damages.
    ``(e) Contract Renewal.--At the end of the initial 5-year 
contract period, the Secretary may allow the producer to renew 
the contract for 1 additional 5-year period if the producer--
            ``(1) demonstrates compliance with the terms of the 
        initial contract;
            ``(2) agrees to adopt and continue to integrate 
        conservation activities across the entire agricultural 
        operation, as determined by the Secretary; and
            ``(3) agrees, by the end of the contract period--
                    ``(A) to meet the stewardship threshold of 
                at least 2 additional priority resource 
                concerns on the agricultural operation; or
                    ``(B) to exceed the stewardship threshold 
                of 2 existing priority resource concerns that 
                are specified by the Secretary in the initial 
                contract.

``SEC. 1238G. DUTIES OF THE SECRETARY.

    ``(a) In General.--To achieve the conservation goals of a 
contract under the conservation stewardship program, the 
Secretary shall--
            ``(1) make the program available to eligible 
        producers on a continuous enrollment basis with 1 or 
        more ranking periods, 1 of which shall occur in the 
        first quarter of each fiscal year;
            ``(2) identify not less than 5 priority resource 
        concerns in a particular watershed or other appropriate 
        region or area within a State; and
            ``(3) establish a science-based stewardship 
        threshold for each priority resource concern identified 
        under paragraph (2).
    ``(b) Allocation to States.--The Secretary shall allocate 
acres to States for enrollment, based--
            ``(1) primarily on each State's proportion of 
        eligible land to the total acreage of eligible land in 
        all States; and
            ``(2) also on consideration of--
                    ``(A) the extent and magnitude of the 
                conservation needs associated with agricultural 
                production in each State;
                    ``(B) the degree to which implementation of 
                the program in the State is, or will be, 
                effective in helping producers address those 
                needs; and
                    ``(C) other considerations to achieve 
                equitable geographic distribution of funds, as 
                determined by the Secretary.
    ``(c) Acreage Enrollment Limitation.--During the period 
beginning on the date of enactment of the Agricultural Act of 
2014, and ending on September 30, 2022, the Secretary shall, to 
the maximum extent practicable--
            ``(1) enroll in the program an additional 
        10,000,000 acres for each fiscal year; and
            ``(2) manage the program to achieve a national 
        average rate of $18 per acre, which shall include the 
        costs of all financial assistance, technical 
        assistance, and any other expenses associated with 
        enrollment or participation in the program.
    ``(d) Conservation Stewardship Payments.--
            ``(1) Availability of payments.--The Secretary 
        shall provide annual payments under the program to 
        compensate the producer for--
                    ``(A) installing and adopting additional 
                conservation activities; and
                    ``(B) improving, maintaining, and managing 
                conservation activities in place at the 
                agricultural operation of the producer at the 
                time the contract offer is accepted by the 
                Secretary.
            ``(2) Payment amount.--The amount of the annual 
        payment shall be determined by the Secretary and based, 
        to the maximum extent practicable, on the following 
        factors:
                    ``(A) Costs incurred by the producer 
                associated with planning, design, materials, 
                installation, labor, management, maintenance, 
                or training.
                    ``(B) Income forgone by the producer.
                    ``(C) Expected conservation benefits.
                    ``(D) The extent to which priority resource 
                concerns will be addressed through the 
                installation and adoption of conservation 
                activities on the agricultural operation.
                    ``(E) The level of stewardship in place at 
                the time of application and maintained over the 
                term of the contract.
                    ``(F) The degree to which the conservation 
                activities will be integrated across the entire 
                agricultural operation for all applicable 
                priority resource concerns over the term of the 
                contract.
                    ``(G) Such other factors as are determined 
                appropriate by the Secretary.
            ``(3) Exclusions.--A payment to a producer under 
        this subsection shall not be provided for--
                    ``(A) the design, construction, or 
                maintenance of animal waste storage or 
                treatment facilities or associated waste 
                transport or transfer devices for animal 
                feeding operations; or
                    ``(B) conservation activities for which 
                there is no cost incurred or income forgone to 
                the producer.
            ``(4) Delivery of payments.--In making payments 
        under this subsection, the Secretary shall, to the 
        extent practicable--
                    ``(A) prorate conservation performance over 
                the term of the contract so as to accommodate, 
                to the extent practicable, producers earning 
                equal annual payments in each fiscal year; and
                    ``(B) make such payments as soon as 
                practicable after October 1 of each fiscal year 
                for activities carried out in the previous 
                fiscal year.
    ``(e) Supplemental Payments for Resource-conserving Crop 
Rotations.--
            ``(1) Availability of payments.--The Secretary 
        shall provide additional payments to producers that, in 
        participating in the program, agree to adopt or improve 
        resource-conserving crop rotations to achieve 
        beneficial crop rotations as appropriate for the 
        eligible land of the producers.
            ``(2) Beneficial crop rotations.--The Secretary 
        shall determine whether a resource-conserving crop 
        rotation is a beneficial crop rotation eligible for 
        additional payments under paragraph (1) based on 
        whether the resource-conserving crop rotation is 
        designed to provide natural resource conservation and 
        production benefits.
            ``(3) Eligibility.--To be eligible to receive a 
        payment described in paragraph (1), a producer shall 
        agree to adopt and maintain beneficial resource-
        conserving crop rotations for the term of the contract.
            ``(4) Resource-conserving crop rotation.--In this 
        subsection, the term `resource-conserving crop 
        rotation' means a crop rotation that--
                    ``(A) includes at least 1 resource-
                conserving crop (as defined by the Secretary);
                    ``(B) reduces erosion;
                    ``(C) improves soil fertility and tilth;
                    ``(D) interrupts pest cycles; and
                    ``(E) in applicable areas, reduces 
                depletion of soil moisture or otherwise reduces 
                the need for irrigation.
    ``(f) Payment Limitations.--A person or legal entity may 
not receive, directly or indirectly, payments under the program 
that, in the aggregate, exceed $200,000 under all contracts 
entered into during fiscal years 2014 through 2018, excluding 
funding arrangements with Indian tribes, regardless of the 
number of contracts entered into under the program by the 
person or legal entity.
    ``(g) Specialty Crop and Organic Producers.--The Secretary 
shall ensure that outreach and technical assistance are 
available, and program specifications are appropriate to enable 
specialty crop and organic producers to participate in the 
program.
    ``(h) Coordination With Organic Certification.--The 
Secretary shall establish a transparent means by which 
producers may initiate organic certification under the Organic 
Foods Production Act of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 6501 et seq.) while 
participating in a contract under the program.
    ``(i) Regulations.--The Secretary shall promulgate 
regulations that--
            ``(1) prescribe such other rules as the Secretary 
        determines to be necessary to ensure a fair and 
        reasonable application of the limitations established 
        under subsection (f); and
            ``(2) otherwise enable the Secretary to carry out 
        the program.''.
    (b) Effect on Existing Contracts.--
            (1) In general.--The amendment made by this section 
        shall not affect the validity or terms of any contract 
        entered into by the Secretary of Agriculture under 
        subchapter B of chapter 2 of subtitle D of title XII of 
        the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3838d et seq.) 
        before the date of enactment of the Agricultural Act of 
        2014, or any payments required to be made in connection 
        with the contract.
            (2) Conservation stewardship program.--Funds made 
        available under section 1241(a)(4) of the Food Security 
        Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3841(a)(4)) (as amended by 
        section 2601(a) of this title) may be used to 
        administer and make payments to program participants 
        that enrolled into contracts during any of fiscal years 
        2009 through 2013.

          Subtitle C--Environmental Quality Incentives Program

SEC. 2201. PURPOSES.

    Section 1240 of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 
3839aa) is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (3)--
                    (A) in subparagraph (A), by striking 
                ``and'' at the end;
                    (B) by redesignating subparagraph (B) as 
                subparagraph (C) and, in such subparagraph, by 
                inserting ``and'' after the semicolon; and
                    (C) by inserting after subparagraph (A) the 
                following new subparagraph:
                    ``(B) developing and improving wildlife 
                habitat; and'';
            (2) in paragraph (4), by striking ``; and'' and 
        inserting a period; and
            (3) by striking paragraph (5).

SEC. 2202. DEFINITIONS.

    Section 1240A of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 
3839aa-1) is amended--
            (1) by striking paragraph (2) and redesignating 
        paragraphs (3) through (6) as paragraphs (2) through 
        (5), respectively; and
            (2) in paragraph (2) (as so redesignated), by 
        inserting ``established under the Organic Foods 
        Production Act of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 6501 et seq.)'' after 
        ``national organic program''.

SEC. 2203. ESTABLISHMENT AND ADMINISTRATION.

    Section 1240B of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 
3839aa-2) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a), by striking ``2014'' and 
        inserting ``2018'';
            (2) in subsection (b), by striking paragraph (2) 
        and inserting the following new paragraph:
            ``(2) Term.--A contract under the program shall 
        have a term that does not exceed 10 years.'';
            (3) in subsection (d)--
                    (A) in paragraph (3), by striking 
                subparagraphs (A) through (G) and inserting the 
                following:
                    ``(A) soil health;
                    ``(B) water quality and quantity 
                improvement;
                    ``(C) nutrient management;
                    ``(D) pest management;
                    ``(E) air quality improvement;
                    ``(F) wildlife habitat development, 
                including pollinator habitat; or
                    ``(G) invasive species management.''; and
                    (B) in paragraph (4)--
                            (i) in subparagraph (A), in the 
                        matter preceding clause (i), by 
                        inserting ``, a veteran farmer or 
                        rancher (as defined in section 2501(e) 
                        of the Food, Agriculture, Conservation, 
                        and Trade Act of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 
                        2279(e))),'' before ``or a beginning 
                        farmer or rancher''; and
                            (ii) by striking subparagraph (B) 
                        and inserting the following new 
                        subparagraph:
                    ``(B) Advance payments.--
                            ``(i) In general.--Not more than 50 
                        percent of the amount determined under 
                        subparagraph (A) may be provided in 
                        advance for the purpose of purchasing 
                        materials or contracting.
                            ``(ii) Return of funds.--If funds 
                        provided in advance are not expended 
                        during the 90-day period beginning on 
                        the date of receipt of the funds, the 
                        funds shall be returned within a 
                        reasonable timeframe, as determined by 
                        the Secretary.'';
            (4) by striking subsection (f) and inserting the 
        following new subsection:
    ``(f) Allocation of Funding.--
            ``(1) Livestock.--For each of fiscal years 2014 
        through 2018, at least 60 percent of the funds made 
        available for payments under the program shall be 
        targeted at practices relating to livestock production.
            ``(2) Wildlife habitat.--For each of fiscal years 
        2014 through 2018, at least 5 percent of the funds made 
        available for payments under the program shall be 
        targeted at practices benefitting wildlife habitat 
        under subsection (g).''; and
            (5) by striking subsection (g) and inserting the 
        following new subsection:
    ``(g) Wildlife Habitat Incentive Program.--
            ``(1) In general.--The Secretary shall provide 
        payments under the environmental quality incentives 
        program for conservation practices that support the 
        restoration, development, protection, and improvement 
        of wildlife habitat on eligible land, including--
                    ``(A) upland wildlife habitat;
                    ``(B) wetland wildlife habitat;
                    ``(C) habitat for threatened and endangered 
                species;
                    ``(D) fish habitat;
                    ``(E) habitat on pivot corners and other 
                irregular areas of a field; and
                    ``(F) other types of wildlife habitat, as 
                determined by the Secretary.
            ``(2) State technical committee.--In determining 
        the practices eligible for payment under paragraph (1) 
        and targeted for funding under subsection (f), the 
        Secretary shall consult with the relevant State 
        technical committee not less often than once each 
        year.''.

SEC. 2204. EVALUATION OF APPLICATIONS.

    Section 1240C(b) of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 
U.S.C. 3839aa-3(b)) is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1), by striking ``environmental'' 
        and inserting ``conservation''; and
            (2) in paragraph (3), by striking ``purpose of the 
        environmental quality incentives program specified in 
        section 1240(1)'' and inserting ``purposes of the 
        program''.

SEC. 2205. DUTIES OF PRODUCERS.

    Section 1240D(2) of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 
U.S.C. 3839aa-4(2)) is amended by striking ``farm, ranch, or 
forest'' and inserting ``enrolled''.

SEC. 2206. LIMITATION ON PAYMENTS.

    Section 1240G of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 
3839aa-7) is amended to read as follows:

``SEC. 1240G. LIMITATION ON PAYMENTS.

    ``A person or legal entity may not receive, directly or 
indirectly, cost-share or incentive payments under this chapter 
that, in aggregate, exceed $450,000 for all contracts entered 
into under this chapter by the person or legal entity during 
the period of fiscal years 2014 through 2018, regardless of the 
number of contracts entered into under this chapter by the 
person or legal entity.''.

SEC. 2207. CONSERVATION INNOVATION GRANTS AND PAYMENTS.

    Section 1240H of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 
3839aa-8) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)(2)--
                    (A) in subparagraph (C), by striking ``; 
                and'' and inserting a semicolon;
                    (B) in subparagraph (D), by striking the 
                period and inserting a semicolon; and
                    (C) by adding at the end the following new 
                subparagraphs:
                    ``(E) facilitate on-farm conservation 
                research and demonstration activities; and
                    ``(F) facilitate pilot testing of new 
                technologies or innovative conservation 
                practices.'';
            (2) in subsection (b)(2)--
                    (A) by striking ``$37,500,000'' and 
                inserting ``$25,000,000''; and
                    (B) by striking ``2012'' and inserting 
                ``2018''; and
            (3) by adding at the end the following new 
        subsection:
    ``(c) Reporting.--Not later than December 31, 2014, and 
every two years thereafter, the Secretary shall submit to the 
Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry of the Senate 
and the Committee on Agriculture of the House of 
Representatives a report on the status of projects funded under 
this section, including--
            ``(1) funding awarded;
            ``(2) project results; and
            ``(3) incorporation of project findings, such as 
        new technology and innovative approaches, into the 
        conservation efforts implemented by the Secretary.''.

SEC. 2208. EFFECT ON EXISTING CONTRACTS.

    The amendments made by this subtitle shall not affect the 
validity or terms of any contract entered into by the Secretary 
of Agriculture under chapter 4 of subtitle D of title XII of 
the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3839aa et seq.) before 
the date of enactment of the Agricultural Act of 2014, or any 
payments required to be made in connection with the contract.

         Subtitle D--Agricultural Conservation Easement Program

SEC. 2301. AGRICULTURAL CONSERVATION EASEMENT PROGRAM.

    (a) Establishment.--Title XII of the Food Security Act of 
1985 is amended by adding at the end the following new 
subtitle:

        ``Subtitle H--Agricultural Conservation Easement Program

``SEC. 1265. ESTABLISHMENT AND PURPOSES.

    ``(a) Establishment.--The Secretary shall establish an 
agricultural conservation easement program for the conservation 
of eligible land and natural resources through easements or 
other interests in land.
    ``(b) Purposes.--The purposes of the program are to--
            ``(1) combine the purposes and coordinate the 
        functions of the wetlands reserve program established 
        under section 1237, the grassland reserve program 
        established under section 1238N, and the farmland 
        protection program established under section 1238I, as 
        such sections were in effect on the day before the date 
        of enactment of the Agricultural Act of 2014;
            ``(2) restore, protect, and enhance wetlands on 
        eligible land;
            ``(3) protect the agricultural use and future 
        viability, and related conservation values, of eligible 
        land by limiting nonagricultural uses of that land; and
            ``(4) protect grazing uses and related conservation 
        values by restoring and conserving eligible land.

``SEC. 1265A. DEFINITIONS.

    ``In this subtitle:
            ``(1) Agricultural land easement.--The term 
        `agricultural land easement' means an easement or other 
        interest in eligible land that--
                    ``(A) is conveyed for the purpose of 
                protecting natural resources and the 
                agricultural nature of the land; and
                    ``(B) permits the landowner the right to 
                continue agricultural production and related 
                uses subject to an agricultural land easement 
                plan, as approved by the Secretary.
            ``(2) Eligible entity.--The term `eligible entity' 
        means--
                    ``(A) an agency of State or local 
                government or an Indian tribe (including a 
                farmland protection board or land resource 
                council established under State law); or
                    ``(B) an organization that is--
                            ``(i) organized for, and at all 
                        times since the formation of the 
                        organization has been operated 
                        principally for, 1 or more of the 
                        conservation purposes specified in 
                        clause (i), (ii), (iii), or (iv) of 
                        section 170(h)(4)(A) of the Internal 
                        Revenue Code of 1986;
                            ``(ii) an organization described in 
                        section 501(c)(3) of that Code that is 
                        exempt from taxation under section 
                        501(a) of that Code; or
                            ``(iii) described in--
                                    ``(I) paragraph (1) or (2) 
                                of section 509(a) of that Code; 
                                or
                                    ``(II) section 509(a)(3) of 
                                that Code and is controlled by 
                                an organization described in 
                                section 509(a)(2) of that Code.
            ``(3) Eligible land.--The term `eligible land' 
        means private or tribal land that is--
                    ``(A) in the case of an agricultural land 
                easement, agricultural land, including land on 
                a farm or ranch--
                            ``(i) that is subject to a pending 
                        offer for purchase of an agricultural 
                        land easement from an eligible entity;
                            ``(ii)(I) that has prime, unique, 
                        or other productive soil;
                            ``(II) that contains historical or 
                        archaeological resources;
                            ``(III) the enrollment of which 
                        would protect grazing uses and related 
                        conservation values by restoring and 
                        conserving land; or
                            ``(IV) the protection of which will 
                        further a State or local policy 
                        consistent with the purposes of the 
                        program; and
                            ``(iii) that is--
                                    ``(I) cropland;
                                    ``(II) rangeland;
                                    ``(III) grassland or land 
                                that contains forbs, or 
                                shrubland for which grazing is 
                                the predominant use;
                                    ``(IV) located in an area 
                                that has been historically 
                                dominated by grassland, forbs, 
                                or shrubs and could provide 
                                habitat for animal or plant 
                                populations of significant 
                                ecological value;
                                    ``(V) pastureland; or
                                    ``(VI) nonindustrial 
                                private forest land that 
                                contributes to the economic 
                                viability of an offered parcel 
                                or serves as a buffer to 
                                protect such land from 
                                development;
                    ``(B) in the case of a wetland reserve 
                easement, a wetland or related area, 
                including--
                            ``(i) farmed or converted wetlands, 
                        together with adjacent land that is 
                        functionally dependent on that land, if 
                        the Secretary determines it--
                                    ``(I) is likely to be 
                                successfully restored in a 
                                cost-effective manner; and
                                    ``(II) will maximize the 
                                wildlife benefits and wetland 
                                functions and values, as 
                                determined by the Secretary in 
                                consultation with the Secretary 
                                of the Interior at the local 
                                level;
                            ``(ii) cropland or grassland that 
                        was used for agricultural production 
                        prior to flooding from the natural 
                        overflow of--
                                    ``(I) a closed basin lake 
                                and adjacent land that is 
                                functionally dependent upon it, 
                                if the State or other entity is 
                                willing to provide 50 percent 
                                share of the cost of an 
                                easement; or
                                    ``(II) a pothole and 
                                adjacent land that is 
                                functionally dependent on it;
                            ``(iii) farmed wetlands and 
                        adjoining lands that--
                                    ``(I) are enrolled in the 
                                conservation reserve program;
                                    ``(II) have the highest 
                                wetland functions and values, 
                                as determined by the Secretary; 
                                and
                                    ``(III) are likely to 
                                return to production after they 
                                leave the conservation reserve 
                                program;
                            ``(iv) riparian areas that link 
                        wetlands that are protected by 
                        easements or some other device that 
                        achieves the same purpose as an 
                        easement; or
                            ``(v) other wetlands of an owner 
                        that would not otherwise be eligible, 
                        if the Secretary determines that the 
                        inclusion of such wetlands in a wetland 
                        reserve easement would significantly 
                        add to the functional value of the 
                        easement; or
                    ``(C) in the case of either an agricultural 
                land easement or a wetland reserve easement, 
                other land that is incidental to land described 
                in subparagraph (A) or (B), if the Secretary 
                determines that it is necessary for the 
                efficient administration of an easement under 
                the program.
            ``(4) Program.--The term `program' means the 
        agricultural conservation easement program established 
        by this subtitle.
            ``(5) Wetland reserve easement.--The term `wetland 
        reserve easement' means a reserved interest in eligible 
        land that--
                    ``(A) is defined and delineated in a deed; 
                and
                    ``(B) stipulates--
                            ``(i) the rights, title, and 
                        interests in land conveyed to the 
                        Secretary; and
                            ``(ii) the rights, title, and 
                        interests in land that are reserved to 
                        the landowner.

``SEC. 1265B. AGRICULTURAL LAND EASEMENTS.

    ``(a) Availability of Assistance.--The Secretary shall 
facilitate and provide funding for--
            ``(1) the purchase by eligible entities of 
        agricultural land easements in eligible land; and
            ``(2) technical assistance to provide for the 
        conservation of natural resources pursuant to an 
        agricultural land easement plan.
    ``(b) Cost-Share Assistance.--
            ``(1) In general.--The Secretary shall protect the 
        agricultural use, including grazing, and related 
        conservation values of eligible land through cost-share 
        assistance to eligible entities for purchasing 
        agricultural land easements.
            ``(2) Scope of assistance available.--
                    ``(A) Federal share.--An agreement 
                described in paragraph (4) shall provide for a 
                Federal share determined by the Secretary of an 
                amount not to exceed 50 percent of the fair 
                market value of the agricultural land easement, 
                as determined by the Secretary using--
                            ``(i) the Uniform Standards of 
                        Professional Appraisal Practice;
                            ``(ii) an areawide market analysis 
                        or survey; or
                            ``(iii) another industry-approved 
                        method.
                    ``(B) Non-federal share.--
                            ``(i) In general.--Under the 
                        agreement, the eligible entity shall 
                        provide a share that is at least 
                        equivalent to that provided by the 
                        Secretary.
                            ``(ii) Source of contribution.--An 
                        eligible entity may include as part of 
                        its share under clause (i) a charitable 
                        donation or qualified conservation 
                        contribution (as defined by section 
                        170(h) of the Internal Revenue Code of 
                        1986) from the private landowner if the 
                        eligible entity contributes its own 
                        cash resources in an amount that is at 
                        least 50 percent of the amount 
                        contributed by the Secretary.
                    ``(C) Exception.--
                            ``(i) Grasslands.--In the case of 
                        grassland of special environmental 
                        significance, as determined by the 
                        Secretary, the Secretary may provide an 
                        amount not to exceed 75 percent of the 
                        fair market value of the agricultural 
                        land easement.
                            ``(ii) Cash contribution.--For 
                        purposes of subparagraph (B)(ii), the 
                        Secretary may waive any portion of the 
                        eligible entity cash contribution 
                        requirement for projects of special 
                        significance, subject to an increase in 
                        the private landowner donation that is 
                        equal to the amount of the waiver, if 
                        the donation is voluntary and the 
                        property is in active agricultural 
                        production.
            ``(3) Evaluation and ranking of applications.--
                    ``(A) Criteria.--The Secretary shall 
                establish evaluation and ranking criteria to 
                maximize the benefit of Federal investment 
                under the program.
                    ``(B) Considerations.--In establishing the 
                criteria, the Secretary shall emphasize support 
                for--
                            ``(i) protecting agricultural uses 
                        and related conservation values of the 
                        land; and
                            ``(ii) maximizing the protection of 
                        areas devoted to agricultural use.
                    ``(C) Bidding down.--If the Secretary 
                determines that 2 or more applications for 
                cost-share assistance are comparable in 
                achieving the purpose of the program, the 
                Secretary shall not assign a higher priority to 
                any of those applications solely on the basis 
                of lesser cost to the program.
            ``(4) Agreements with eligible entities.--
                    ``(A) In general.--The Secretary shall 
                enter into agreements with eligible entities to 
                stipulate the terms and conditions under which 
                the eligible entity is permitted to use cost-
                share assistance provided under this section.
                    ``(B) Length of agreements.--An agreement 
                shall be for a term that is--
                            ``(i) in the case of an eligible 
                        entity certified under the process 
                        described in paragraph (5), a minimum 
                        of five years; and
                            ``(ii) for all other eligible 
                        entities, at least three, but not more 
                        than five years.
                    ``(C) Minimum terms and conditions.--An 
                eligible entity shall be authorized to use its 
                own terms and conditions for agricultural land 
                easements so long as the Secretary determines 
                such terms and conditions--
                            ``(i) are consistent with the 
                        purposes of the program;
                            ``(ii) permit effective enforcement 
                        of the conservation purposes of such 
                        easements;
                            ``(iii) include a right of 
                        enforcement for the Secretary, that may 
                        be used only if the terms of the 
                        easement are not enforced by the holder 
                        of the easement;
                            ``(iv) subject the land in which an 
                        interest is purchased to an 
                        agricultural land easement plan that--
                                    ``(I) describes the 
                                activities which promote the 
                                long-term viability of the land 
                                to meet the purposes for which 
                                the easement was acquired;
                                    ``(II) requires the 
                                management of grasslands 
                                according to a grasslands 
                                management plan; and
                                    ``(III) includes a 
                                conservation plan, where 
                                appropriate, and requires, at 
                                the option of the Secretary, 
                                the conversion of highly 
                                erodible cropland to less 
                                intensive uses; and
                            ``(v) include a limit on the 
                        impervious surfaces to be allowed that 
                        is consistent with the agricultural 
                        activities to be conducted.
                    ``(D) Substitution of qualified projects.--
                An agreement shall allow, upon mutual agreement 
                of the parties, substitution of qualified 
                projects that are identified at the time of the 
                proposed substitution.
                    ``(E) Effect of violation.--If a violation 
                occurs of a term or condition of an agreement 
                under this subsection--
                            ``(i) the Secretary may terminate 
                        the agreement; and
                            ``(ii) the Secretary may require 
                        the eligible entity to refund all or 
                        part of any payments received by the 
                        entity under the program, with interest 
                        on the payments as determined 
                        appropriate by the Secretary.
            ``(5) Certification of eligible entities.--
                    ``(A) Certification process.--The Secretary 
                shall establish a process under which the 
                Secretary may--
                            ``(i) directly certify eligible 
                        entities that meet established 
                        criteria;
                            ``(ii) enter into long-term 
                        agreements with certified eligible 
                        entities; and
                            ``(iii) accept proposals for cost-
                        share assistance for the purchase of 
                        agricultural land easements throughout 
                        the duration of such agreements.
                    ``(B) Certification criteria.--In order to 
                be certified, an eligible entity shall 
                demonstrate to the Secretary that the entity 
                will maintain, at a minimum, for the duration 
                of the agreement--
                            ``(i) a plan for administering 
                        easements that is consistent with the 
                        purpose of the program;
                            ``(ii) the capacity and resources 
                        to monitor and enforce agricultural 
                        land easements; and
                            ``(iii) policies and procedures to 
                        ensure--
                                    ``(I) the long-term 
                                integrity of agricultural land 
                                easements on eligible land;
                                    ``(II) timely completion of 
                                acquisitions of such easements; 
                                and
                                    ``(III) timely and complete 
                                evaluation and reporting to the 
                                Secretary on the use of funds 
                                provided under the program.
                    ``(C) Review and revision.--
                            ``(i) Review.--The Secretary shall 
                        conduct a review of eligible entities 
                        certified under subparagraph (A) every 
                        three years to ensure that such 
                        entities are meeting the criteria 
                        established under subparagraph (B).
                            ``(ii) Revocation.--If the 
                        Secretary finds that a certified 
                        eligible entity no longer meets the 
                        criteria established under subparagraph 
                        (B), the Secretary may--
                                    ``(I) allow the certified 
                                eligible entity a specified 
                                period of time, at a minimum 
                                180 days, in which to take such 
                                actions as may be necessary to 
                                meet the criteria; and
                                    ``(II) revoke the 
                                certification of the eligible 
                                entity, if, after the specified 
                                period of time, the certified 
                                eligible entity does not meet 
                                such criteria.
    ``(c) Method of Enrollment.--The Secretary shall enroll 
eligible land under this section through the use of--
            ``(1) permanent easements; or
            ``(2) easements for the maximum duration allowed 
        under applicable State laws.
    ``(d) Technical Assistance.--The Secretary may provide 
technical assistance, if requested, to assist in--
            ``(1) compliance with the terms and conditions of 
        easements; and
            ``(2) implementation of an agricultural land 
        easement plan.

``SEC. 1265C. WETLAND RESERVE EASEMENTS.

    ``(a) Availability of Assistance.--The Secretary shall 
provide assistance to owners of eligible land to restore, 
protect, and enhance wetlands through--
            ``(1) wetland reserve easements and related wetland 
        reserve easement plans; and
            ``(2) technical assistance.
    ``(b) Easements.--
            ``(1) Method of enrollment.--The Secretary shall 
        enroll eligible land under this section through the use 
        of--
                    ``(A) 30-year easements;
                    ``(B) permanent easements;
                    ``(C) easements for the maximum duration 
                allowed under applicable State laws; or
                    ``(D) as an option for Indian tribes only, 
                30-year contracts.
            ``(2) Limitations.--
                    ``(A) Ineligible land.--The Secretary may 
                not acquire easements on--
                            ``(i) land established to trees 
                        under the conservation reserve program, 
                        except in cases where the Secretary 
                        determines it would further the 
                        purposes of this section; and
                            ``(ii) farmed wetlands or converted 
                        wetlands where the conversion was not 
                        commenced prior to December 23, 1985.
                    ``(B) Changes in ownership.--No wetland 
                reserve easement shall be created on land that 
                has changed ownership during the preceding 24-
                month period unless--
                            ``(i) the new ownership was 
                        acquired by will or succession as a 
                        result of the death of the previous 
                        owner;
                            ``(ii)(I) the ownership change 
                        occurred because of foreclosure on the 
                        land; and
                            ``(II) immediately before the 
                        foreclosure, the owner of the land 
                        exercises a right of redemption from 
                        the mortgage holder in accordance with 
                        State law; or
                            ``(iii) the Secretary determines 
                        that the land was acquired under 
                        circumstances that give adequate 
                        assurances that such land was not 
                        acquired for the purposes of placing it 
                        in the program.
            ``(3) Evaluation and ranking of offers.--
                    ``(A) Criteria.--The Secretary shall 
                establish evaluation and ranking criteria for 
                offers from landowners under this section to 
                maximize the benefit of Federal investment 
                under the program.
                    ``(B) Considerations.--When evaluating 
                offers from landowners, the Secretary may 
                consider--
                            ``(i) the conservation benefits of 
                        obtaining a wetland reserve easement, 
                        including the potential environmental 
                        benefits if the land was removed from 
                        agricultural production;
                            ``(ii) the cost effectiveness of 
                        each wetland reserve easement, so as to 
                        maximize the environmental benefits per 
                        dollar expended;
                            ``(iii) whether the landowner or 
                        another person is offering to 
                        contribute financially to the cost of 
                        the wetland reserve easement to 
                        leverage Federal funds; and
                            ``(iv) such other factors as the 
                        Secretary determines are necessary to 
                        carry out the purposes of the program.
                    ``(C) Priority.--The Secretary shall give 
                priority to acquiring wetland reserve easements 
                based on the value of the wetland reserve 
                easement for protecting and enhancing habitat 
                for migratory birds and other wildlife.
            ``(4) Agreement.--To be eligible to place eligible 
        land into the program through a wetland reserve 
        easement, the owner of such land shall enter into an 
        agreement with the Secretary to--
                    ``(A) grant an easement on such land to the 
                Secretary;
                    ``(B) authorize the implementation of a 
                wetland reserve easement plan developed for the 
                eligible land under subsection (f);
                    ``(C) create and record an appropriate deed 
                restriction in accordance with applicable State 
                law to reflect the easement agreed to;
                    ``(D) provide a written statement of 
                consent to such easement signed by those 
                holding a security interest in the land;
                    ``(E) comply with the terms and conditions 
                of the easement and any related agreements; and
                    ``(F) permanently retire any existing base 
                history for the land on which the easement has 
                been obtained.
            ``(5) Terms and conditions of easement.--
                    ``(A) In general.--A wetland reserve 
                easement shall include terms and conditions 
                that--
                            ``(i) permit--
                                    ``(I) repairs, 
                                improvements, and inspections 
                                on the land that are necessary 
                                to maintain existing public 
                                drainage systems; and
                                    ``(II) owners to control 
                                public access on the easement 
                                areas while identifying access 
                                routes to be used for 
                                restoration activities and 
                                management and easement 
                                monitoring;
                            ``(ii) prohibit--
                                    ``(I) the alteration of 
                                wildlife habitat and other 
                                natural features of such land, 
                                unless specifically authorized 
                                by the Secretary;
                                    ``(II) the spraying of such 
                                land with chemicals or the 
                                mowing of such land, except 
                                where such spraying or mowing 
                                is authorized by the Secretary 
                                or is necessary--
                                            ``(aa) to comply 
                                        with Federal or State 
                                        noxious weed control 
                                        laws;
                                            ``(bb) to comply 
                                        with a Federal or State 
                                        emergency pest 
                                        treatment program; or
                                            ``(cc) to meet 
                                        habitat needs of 
                                        specific wildlife 
                                        species;
                                    ``(III) any activities to 
                                be carried out on the owner's 
                                or successor's land that is 
                                immediately adjacent to, and 
                                functionally related to, the 
                                land that is subject to the 
                                easement if such activities 
                                will alter, degrade, or 
                                otherwise diminish the 
                                functional value of the 
                                eligible land; and
                                    ``(IV) the adoption of any 
                                other practice that would tend 
                                to defeat the purposes of the 
                                program, as determined by the 
                                Secretary;
                            ``(iii) provide for the efficient 
                        and effective establishment of wetland 
                        functions and values; and
                            ``(iv) include such additional 
                        provisions as the Secretary determines 
                        are desirable to carry out the program 
                        or facilitate the practical 
                        administration thereof.
                    ``(B) Violation.--On the violation of a 
                term or condition of a wetland reserve 
                easement, the wetland reserve easement shall 
                remain in force and the Secretary may require 
                the owner to refund all or part of any payments 
                received by the owner under the program, with 
                interest on the payments as determined 
                appropriate by the Secretary.
                    ``(C) Compatible uses.--Land subject to a 
                wetland reserve easement may be used for 
                compatible economic uses, including such 
                activities as hunting and fishing, managed 
                timber harvest, or periodic haying or grazing, 
                if such use is specifically permitted by the 
                wetland reserve easement plan developed for the 
                land under subsection (f) and is consistent 
                with the long-term protection and enhancement 
                of the wetland resources for which the easement 
                was established.
                    ``(D) Reservation of grazing rights.--The 
                Secretary may include in the terms and 
                conditions of a wetland reserve easement a 
                provision under which the owner reserves 
                grazing rights if--
                            ``(i) the Secretary determines that 
                        the reservation and use of the grazing 
                        rights--
                                    ``(I) is compatible with 
                                the land subject to the 
                                easement;
                                    ``(II) is consistent with 
                                the historical natural uses of 
                                the land and the long-term 
                                protection and enhancement 
                                goals for which the easement 
                                was established; and
                                    ``(III) complies with the 
                                wetland reserve easement plan 
                                developed for the land under 
                                subsection (f); and
                            ``(ii) the agreement provides for a 
                        commensurate reduction in the easement 
                        payment to account for the grazing 
                        value, as determined by the Secretary.
            ``(6) Compensation.--
                    ``(A) Determination.--
                            ``(i) Permanent easements.--The 
                        Secretary shall pay as compensation for 
                        a permanent wetland reserve easement 
                        acquired under the program an amount 
                        necessary to encourage enrollment in 
                        the program, based on the lowest of--
                                    ``(I) the fair market value 
                                of the land, as determined by 
                                the Secretary, using the 
                                Uniform Standards of 
                                Professional Appraisal Practice 
                                or an areawide market analysis 
                                or survey;
                                    ``(II) the amount 
                                corresponding to a geographical 
                                cap, as determined by the 
                                Secretary in regulations; or
                                    ``(III) the offer made by 
                                the landowner.
                            ``(ii) Other.--Compensation for a 
                        30-year contract or 30-year wetland 
                        reserve easement shall be not less than 
                        50 percent, but not more than 75 
                        percent, of the compensation that would 
                        be paid for a permanent wetland reserve 
                        easement.
                    ``(B) Form of payment.--Compensation for a 
                wetland reserve easement shall be provided by 
                the Secretary in the form of a cash payment, in 
                an amount determined under subparagraph (A).
                    ``(C) Payment schedule.--
                            ``(i) Easements valued at $500,000 
                        or less.--For wetland reserve easements 
                        valued at $500,000 or less, the 
                        Secretary may provide payments in not 
                        more than 10 annual payments.
                            ``(ii) Easements valued at more 
                        than $500,000.--For wetland reserve 
                        easements valued at more than $500,000, 
                        the Secretary may provide payments in 
                        at least 5, but not more than 10 annual 
                        payments, except that, if the Secretary 
                        determines it would further the 
                        purposes of the program, the Secretary 
                        may make a lump-sum payment for such an 
                        easement.
    ``(c) Easement Restoration.--
            ``(1) In general.--The Secretary shall provide 
        financial assistance to owners of eligible land to 
        carry out the establishment of conservation measures 
        and practices and protect wetland functions and values, 
        including necessary maintenance activities, as set 
        forth in a wetland reserve easement plan developed for 
        the eligible land under subsection (f).
            ``(2) Payments.--The Secretary shall--
                    ``(A) in the case of a permanent wetland 
                reserve easement, pay an amount that is not 
                less than 75 percent, but not more than 100 
                percent, of the eligible costs, as determined 
                by the Secretary; and
                    ``(B) in the case of a 30-year contract or 
                30-year wetland reserve easement, pay an amount 
                that is not less than 50 percent, but not more 
                than 75 percent, of the eligible costs, as 
                determined by the Secretary.
    ``(d) Technical Assistance.--
            ``(1) In general.--The Secretary shall assist 
        owners in complying with the terms and conditions of a 
        wetland reserve easement.
            ``(2) Contracts or agreements.--The Secretary may 
        enter into 1 or more contracts with private entities or 
        agreements with a State, nongovernmental organization, 
        or Indian tribe to carry out necessary restoration, 
        enhancement, or maintenance of a wetland reserve 
        easement if the Secretary determines that the contract 
        or agreement will advance the purposes of the program.
    ``(e) Wetland Reserve Enhancement Option.--The Secretary 
may enter into 1 or more agreements with a State (including a 
political subdivision or agency of a State), nongovernmental 
organization, or Indian tribe to carry out a special wetland 
reserve enhancement option that the Secretary determines would 
advance the purposes of program.
    ``(f) Administration.--
            ``(1) Wetland reserve easement plan.--The Secretary 
        shall develop a wetland reserve easement plan for any 
        eligible land subject to a wetland reserve easement, 
        which shall include practices and activities necessary 
        to restore, protect, enhance, and maintain the enrolled 
        land.
            ``(2) Delegation of easement administration.--
                    ``(A) In general.--The Secretary may 
                delegate any of the management, monitoring, and 
                enforcement responsibilities of the Secretary 
                under this section to other Federal or State 
                agencies that have the appropriate authority, 
                expertise, and resources necessary to carry out 
                such delegated responsibilities, or to 
                conservation organizations if the Secretary 
                determines the organization has similar 
                expertise and resources.
                    ``(B) Limitation.--The Secretary shall not 
                delegate any of the monitoring or enforcement 
                responsibilities under this section to 
                conservation organizations.
            ``(3) Payments.--
                    ``(A) Timing of payments.--The Secretary 
                shall provide payment for obligations incurred 
                by the Secretary under this section--
                            ``(i) with respect to any easement 
                        restoration obligation under subsection 
                        (c), as soon as possible after the 
                        obligation is incurred; and
                            ``(ii) with respect to any annual 
                        easement payment obligation incurred by 
                        the Secretary, as soon as possible 
                        after October 1 of each calendar year.
                    ``(B) Payments to others.--If an owner who 
                is entitled to a payment under this section 
                dies, becomes incompetent, is otherwise unable 
                to receive such payment, or is succeeded by 
                another person or entity who renders or 
                completes the required performance, the 
                Secretary shall make such payment, in 
                accordance with regulations prescribed by the 
                Secretary and without regard to any other 
                provision of law, in such manner as the 
                Secretary determines is fair and reasonable in 
                light of all of the circumstances.
    ``(g) Application.--The relevant provisions of this section 
shall also apply to a 30-year contract.

``SEC. 1265D. ADMINISTRATION.

    ``(a) Ineligible Land.--The Secretary may not use program 
funds for the purposes of acquiring an easement on--
            ``(1) lands owned by an agency of the United 
        States, other than land held in trust for Indian 
        tribes;
            ``(2) lands owned in fee title by a State, 
        including an agency or a subdivision of a State, or a 
        unit of local government;
            ``(3) land subject to an easement or deed 
        restriction which, as determined by the Secretary, 
        provides similar protection as would be provided by 
        enrollment in the program; or
            ``(4) lands where the purposes of the program would 
        be undermined due to on-site or off-site conditions, 
        such as risk of hazardous substances, proposed or 
        existing rights of way, infrastructure development, or 
        adjacent land uses.
    ``(b) Priority.--In evaluating applications under the 
program, the Secretary may give priority to land that is 
currently enrolled in the conservation reserve program in a 
contract that is set to expire within 1 year and--
            ``(1) in the case of an agricultural land easement, 
        is grassland that would benefit from protection under a 
        long-term easement; and
            ``(2) in the case of a wetland reserve easement, is 
        a wetland or related area with the highest wetland 
        functions and value and is likely to return to 
        production after the land leaves the conservation 
        reserve program.
    ``(c) Subordination, Exchange, Modification, and 
Termination.--
            ``(1) In general.--The Secretary may subordinate, 
        exchange, modify, or terminate any interest in land, or 
        portion of such interest, administered by the 
        Secretary, either directly or on behalf of the 
        Commodity Credit Corporation under the program if the 
        Secretary determines that--
                    ``(A) it is in the Federal Government's 
                interest to subordinate, exchange, modify, or 
                terminate the interest in land;
                    ``(B) the subordination, exchange, 
                modification, or termination action--
                            ``(i) will address a compelling 
                        public need for which there is no 
                        practicable alternative; or
                            ``(ii) such action will further the 
                        practical administration of the 
                        program; and
                    ``(C) the subordination, exchange, 
                modification, or termination action will result 
                in comparable conservation value and equivalent 
                or greater economic value to the United States.
            ``(2) Consultation.--The Secretary shall work with 
        the owner, and eligible entity if applicable, to 
        address any subordination, exchange, modification, or 
        termination of the interest, or portion of such 
        interest, in land.
            ``(3) Notice.--At least 90 days before taking any 
        termination action described in paragraph (1), the 
        Secretary shall provide written notice of such action 
        to the Committee on Agriculture of the House of 
        Representatives and the Committee on Agriculture, 
        Nutrition, and Forestry of the Senate.
    ``(d) Land Enrolled in Other Programs.--
            ``(1) Conservation reserve program.--The Secretary 
        may terminate or modify a contract entered into under 
        section 1231(a) if eligible land that is subject to 
        such contract is transferred into the program.
            ``(2) Other.--In accordance with the provisions of 
        subtitle H of title II of the Agricultural Act of 2014, 
        land enrolled in the wetlands reserve program, 
        grassland reserve program, or farmland protection 
        program on the day before the date of enactment of the 
        Agricultural Act of 2014 shall be considered enrolled 
        in the program.
    ``(e) Compliance With Certain Requirements.--The Secretary 
may not provide assistance under this subtitle to an eligible 
entity or owner of eligible land unless the eligible entity or 
owner agrees, during the crop year for which the assistance is 
provided--
            ``(1) to comply with applicable conservation 
        requirements under subtitle B; and
            ``(2) to comply with applicable wetland protection 
        requirements under subtitle C.''.
    (b) Cross Reference; Calculation.--Section 1244 of the Food 
Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3844) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (c)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1)--
                            (i) by inserting ``and'' at the end 
                        of subparagraph (A);
                            (ii) by striking ``and'' at the end 
                        of subparagraph (B); and
                            (iii) by striking subparagraph (C);
                    (B) by redesignating paragraph (2) as 
                paragraph (3); and
                    (C) by inserting after paragraph (1) the 
                following new paragraph:
            ``(2) the agricultural conservation easement 
        program established under subtitle H; and''; and
            (2) in subsection (f)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1)--
                            (i) in subparagraph (A), by 
                        striking ``programs administered under 
                        subchapters B and C of chapter 1 of 
                        subtitle D'' and inserting 
                        ``conservation reserve program 
                        established under subchapter B of 
                        chapter 1 of subtitle D and wetland 
                        reserve easements under section 
                        1265C''; and
                            (ii) in subparagraph (B), by 
                        striking ``an easement acquired under 
                        subchapter C of chapter 1 of subtitle 
                        D'' and inserting ``a wetland reserve 
                        easement under section 1265C'';
                    (B) by striking paragraph (4) and inserting 
                the following:
            ``(4) Exclusions.--
                    ``(A) Shelterbelts and windbreaks.--The 
                limitations established under paragraph (1) 
                shall not apply to cropland that is subject to 
                an easement under subchapter B of chapter 1 of 
                subtitle D that is used for the establishment 
                of shelterbelts and windbreaks.
                    ``(B) Wet and saturated soils.--For the 
                purposes of enrolling land in a wetland reserve 
                easement under section 1265C, the limitations 
                established under paragraph (1) shall not apply 
                to cropland designated by the Secretary with 
                subclass w in the land capability classes IV 
                through VIII because of severe use limitations 
                due to soil saturation or inundation.''; and
                    (C) by adding at the end the following new 
                paragraph:
            ``(5) Calculation.--In calculating the percentages 
        described in paragraph (1), the Secretary shall include 
        any acreage that was included in calculations of 
        percentages made under such paragraph, as in effect on 
        the day before the date of enactment of the 
        Agricultural Act of 2014, and that remains enrolled 
        when the calculation is made after that date under 
        paragraph (1).''.

         Subtitle E--Regional Conservation Partnership Program

SEC. 2401. REGIONAL CONSERVATION PARTNERSHIP PROGRAM.

    Title XII of the Food Security Act of 1985 is amended by 
inserting after subtitle H, as added by section 2301, the 
following new subtitle:

        ``Subtitle I--Regional Conservation Partnership Program

``SEC. 1271. ESTABLISHMENT AND PURPOSES.

    ``(a) Establishment.--The Secretary shall establish a 
regional conservation partnership program to implement eligible 
activities on eligible land through--
            ``(1) partnership agreements with eligible 
        partners; and
            ``(2) contracts with producers.
    ``(b) Purposes.--The purposes of the program are as 
follows:
            ``(1) To use covered programs to accomplish 
        purposes and functions similar to those of the 
        following programs, as in effect on the day before the 
        date of enactment of the Agricultural Act of 2014:
                    ``(A) The agricultural water enhancement 
                program established under section 1240I.
                    ``(B) The Chesapeake Bay watershed program 
                established under section 1240Q.
                    ``(C) The cooperative conservation 
                partnership initiative established under 
                section 1243.
                    ``(D) The Great Lakes basin program for 
                soil erosion and sediment control established 
                under section 1240P.
            ``(2) To further the conservation, restoration, and 
        sustainable use of soil, water, wildlife, and related 
        natural resources on eligible land on a regional or 
        watershed scale.
            ``(3) To encourage eligible partners to cooperate 
        with producers in--
                    ``(A) meeting or avoiding the need for 
                national, State, and local natural resource 
                regulatory requirements related to production 
                on eligible land; and
                    ``(B) implementing projects that will 
                result in the installation and maintenance of 
                eligible activities that affect multiple 
                agricultural or nonindustrial private forest 
                operations on a local, regional, State, or 
                multistate basis.

``SEC. 1271A. DEFINITIONS.

    ``In this subtitle:
            ``(1) Covered program.--The term `covered program' 
        means the following:
                    ``(A) The agricultural conservation 
                easement program.
                    ``(B) The environmental quality incentives 
                program.
                    ``(C) The conservation stewardship program.
                    ``(D) The healthy forests reserve program 
                established under section 501 of the Healthy 
                Forests Restoration Act of 2003 (16 U.S.C. 
                6571).
            ``(2) Eligible activity.--The term `eligible 
        activity' means a conservation activity for any of the 
        following:
                    ``(A) Water quality restoration or 
                enhancement projects, including nutrient 
                management and sediment reduction.
                    ``(B) Water quantity conservation, 
                restoration, or enhancement projects relating 
                to surface water and groundwater resources, 
                including--
                            ``(i) the conversion of irrigated 
                        cropland to the production of less 
                        water-intensive agricultural 
                        commodities or dryland farming; or
                            ``(ii) irrigation system 
                        improvement and irrigation efficiency 
                        enhancement.
                    ``(C) Drought mitigation.
                    ``(D) Flood prevention.
                    ``(E) Water retention.
                    ``(F) Air quality improvement.
                    ``(G) Habitat conservation, restoration, 
                and enhancement.
                    ``(H) Erosion control and sediment 
                reduction.
                    ``(I) Forest restoration.
                    ``(J) Other related activities that the 
                Secretary determines will help achieve 
                conservation benefits.
            ``(3) Eligible land.--
                    ``(A) In general.--The term `eligible land' 
                means--
                            ``(i) land on which agricultural 
                        commodities, livestock, or forest-
                        related products are produced; and
                            ``(ii) lands associated with the 
                        lands described in clause (i).
                    ``(B) Inclusions.--The term `eligible land' 
                includes--
                            ``(i) cropland;
                            ``(ii) grassland;
                            ``(iii) rangeland;
                            ``(iv) pastureland;
                            ``(v) nonindustrial private forest 
                        land; and
                            ``(vi) other land incidental to 
                        agricultural production (including 
                        wetlands and riparian buffers) on which 
                        significant natural resource issues 
                        could be addressed under the program.
            ``(4) Eligible partner.--The term `eligible 
        partner' means any of the following:
                    ``(A) An agricultural or silvicultural 
                producer association or other group of 
                producers.
                    ``(B) A State or unit of local government.
                    ``(C) An Indian tribe.
                    ``(D) A farmer cooperative.
                    ``(E) A water district, irrigation 
                district, rural water district or association, 
                or other organization with specific water 
                delivery authority to producers on agricultural 
                land.
                    ``(F) A municipal water or wastewater 
                treatment entity.
                    ``(G) An institution of higher education.
                    ``(H) An organization or entity with an 
                established history of working cooperatively 
                with producers on agricultural land, as 
                determined by the Secretary, to address--
                            ``(i) local conservation priorities 
                        related to agricultural production, 
                        wildlife habitat development, or 
                        nonindustrial private forest land 
                        management; or
                            ``(ii) critical watershed-scale 
                        soil erosion, water quality, sediment 
                        reduction, or other natural resource 
                        issues.
            ``(5) Partnership agreement.--The term `partnership 
        agreement' means an agreement entered into under 
        section 1271B between the Secretary and an eligible 
        partner.
            ``(6) Program.--The term `program' means the 
        regional conservation partnership program established 
        by this subtitle.

``SEC. 1271B. REGIONAL CONSERVATION PARTNERSHIPS.

    ``(a) Partnership Agreements Authorized.--The Secretary may 
enter into a partnership agreement with an eligible partner to 
implement a project that will assist producers with installing 
and maintaining an eligible activity on eligible land.
    ``(b) Length.--A partnership agreement shall be for a 
period not to exceed 5 years, except that the Secretary may 
extend the agreement one time for up to 12 months when an 
extension is necessary to meet the objectives of the program.
    ``(c) Duties of Partners.--
            ``(1) In general.--Under a partnership agreement, 
        the eligible partner shall--
                    ``(A) define the scope of a project, 
                including--
                            ``(i) the eligible activities to be 
                        implemented;
                            ``(ii) the potential agricultural 
                        or nonindustrial private forest land 
                        operations affected;
                            ``(iii) the local, State, 
                        multistate, or other geographic area 
                        covered; and
                            ``(iv) the planning, outreach, 
                        implementation, and assessment to be 
                        conducted;
                    ``(B) conduct outreach and education to 
                producers for potential participation in the 
                project;
                    ``(C) at the request of a producer, act on 
                behalf of a producer participating in the 
                project in applying for assistance under 
                section 1271C;
                    ``(D) leverage financial or technical 
                assistance provided by the Secretary with 
                additional funds to help achieve the project 
                objectives;
                    ``(E) conduct an assessment of the 
                project's effects; and
                    ``(F) at the conclusion of the project, 
                report to the Secretary on its results and 
                funds leveraged.
            ``(2) Contribution.--An eligible partner shall 
        provide a significant portion of the overall costs of 
        the scope of the project that is the subject of the 
        agreement entered into under subsection (a), as 
        determined by the Secretary.
    ``(d) Applications.--
            ``(1) Competitive process.--The Secretary shall 
        conduct a competitive process to select applications 
        for partnership agreements and may assess and rank 
        applications with similar conservation purposes as a 
        group.
            ``(2) Criteria used.--In carrying out the process 
        described in paragraph (1), the Secretary shall make 
        public the criteria used in evaluating applications.
            ``(3) Content.--An application to the Secretary 
        shall include a description of--
                    ``(A) the scope of the project, as 
                described in subsection (c)(1)(A);
                    ``(B) the plan for monitoring, evaluating, 
                and reporting on progress made toward achieving 
                the project's objectives;
                    ``(C) the program resources requested for 
                the project, including the covered programs to 
                be used and estimated funding needed from the 
                Secretary;
                    ``(D) each eligible partner collaborating 
                to achieve project objectives, including their 
                roles, responsibilities, capabilities, and 
                financial contribution; and
                    ``(E) any other elements the Secretary 
                considers necessary to adequately evaluate and 
                competitively select applications for funding 
                under the program.
            ``(4) Priority to certain applications.--The 
        Secretary may give a higher priority to applications 
        that--
                    ``(A) assist producers in meeting or 
                avoiding the need for a natural resource 
                regulatory requirement;
                    ``(B) have a high percentage of producers 
                in the area to be covered by the agreement;
                    ``(C) significantly leverage non-Federal 
                financial and technical resources and 
                coordinate with other local, State, or national 
                efforts;
                    ``(D) deliver high percentages of applied 
                conservation to address conservation priorities 
                or regional, State, or national conservation 
                initiatives;
                    ``(E) provide innovation in conservation 
                methods and delivery, including outcome-based 
                performance measures and methods; or
                    ``(F) meet other factors that are important 
                for achieving the purposes of the program, as 
                determined by the Secretary.

``SEC. 1271C. ASSISTANCE TO PRODUCERS.

    ``(a) In General.--The Secretary shall enter into contracts 
with producers to provide financial and technical assistance 
to--
            ``(1) producers participating in a project with an 
        eligible partner; or
            ``(2) producers that fit within the scope of a 
        project described in section 1271B or a critical 
        conservation area designated under section 1271F, but 
        who are seeking to implement an eligible activity on 
        eligible land independent of an eligible partner.
    ``(b) Terms and Conditions.--
            ``(1) Consistency with program rules.--
                    ``(A) In general.--Except as provided in 
                subparagraph (B) and paragraph (2), the 
                Secretary shall ensure that the terms and 
                conditions of a contract under this section are 
                consistent with the applicable rules of the 
                covered programs to be used as part of the 
                partnership agreement, as described in the 
                application under section 1271B(d)(3)(C).
                    ``(B) Adjustments.--
                            ``(i) In general.--The Secretary 
                        may adjust the rules of a covered 
                        program, including--
                                    ``(I) operational guidance 
                                and requirements for a covered 
                                program at the discretion of 
                                the Secretary so as to provide 
                                a simplified application and 
                                evaluation process; and
                                    ``(II) nonstatutory, 
                                regulatory rules or provisions 
                                to better reflect unique local 
                                circumstances and purposes if 
                                the Secretary determines such 
                                adjustments are necessary to 
                                achieve the purposes of the 
                                covered program.
                            ``(ii) Limitation.--The Secretary 
                        shall not adjust the application of 
                        statutory requirements for a covered 
                        program, including requirements 
                        governing appeals, payment limits, and 
                        conservation compliance.
                            ``(iii) Irrigation.--In States 
                        where irrigation has not been used 
                        significantly for agricultural 
                        purposes, as determined by the 
                        Secretary, the Secretary shall not 
                        limit eligibility under section 1271B 
                        or this section on the basis of prior 
                        irrigation history.
            ``(2) Alternative funding arrangements.--
                    ``(A) In general.--For the purposes of 
                providing assistance for land described in 
                subsection (a) and section 1271F, the Secretary 
                may enter into alternative funding arrangements 
                with a multistate water resource agency or 
                authority if--
                            ``(i) the Secretary determines that 
                        the goals and objectives of the program 
                        will be met by the alternative funding 
                        arrangements;
                            ``(ii) the agency or authority 
                        certifies that the limitations 
                        established under this section on 
                        agreements with individual producers 
                        will not be exceeded; and
                            ``(iii) all participating producers 
                        meet applicable payment eligibility 
                        provisions.
                    ``(B) Conditions.--As a condition of 
                receiving funding under subparagraph (A), the 
                multistate water resource agency or authority 
                shall agree--
                            ``(i) to submit an annual 
                        independent audit to the Secretary that 
                        describes the use of funds under this 
                        paragraph;
                            ``(ii) to provide any data 
                        necessary for the Secretary to issue a 
                        report on the use of funds under this 
                        paragraph; and
                            ``(iii) not to use any of the funds 
                        provided pursuant to subparagraph (A) 
                        for administration or to provide for 
                        administrative costs through contracts 
                        with another entity.
                    ``(C) Limitation.--The Secretary may enter 
                into not more than 20 alternative funding 
                arrangements under this paragraph.
    ``(c) Payments.--
            ``(1) In general.--In accordance with statutory 
        requirements of the covered programs involved, the 
        Secretary may make payments to a producer in an amount 
        determined by the Secretary to be necessary to achieve 
        the purposes of the program.
            ``(2) Payments to certain producers.--The Secretary 
        may provide payments for a period of 5 years--
                    ``(A) to producers participating in a 
                project that addresses water quantity concerns 
                and in an amount sufficient to encourage 
                conversion from irrigated to dryland farming; 
                and
                    ``(B) to producers participating in a 
                project that addresses water quality concerns 
                and in an amount sufficient to encourage 
                adoption of conservation practices and systems 
                that improve nutrient management.
            ``(3) Waiver authority.--To assist in the 
        implementation of the program, the Secretary may waive 
        the applicability of the limitation in section 
        1001D(b)(2) of this Act for participating producers if 
        the Secretary determines that the waiver is necessary 
        to fulfill the objectives of the program.

``SEC. 1271D. FUNDING.

    ``(a) Availability of Funds.--The Secretary shall use 
$100,000,000 of the funds of the Commodity Credit Corporation 
for each of fiscal years 2014 through 2018 to carry out the 
program.
    ``(b) Duration of Availability.--Funds made available under 
subsection (a) shall remain available until expended.
    ``(c) Additional Funding and Acres.--
            ``(1) In general.--In addition to the funds made 
        available under subsection (a), the Secretary shall 
        reserve 7 percent of the funds and acres made available 
        for a covered program for each of fiscal years 2014 
        through 2018 in order to ensure additional resources 
        are available to carry out this program.
            ``(2) Unused funds and acres.--Any funds or acres 
        reserved under paragraph (1) for a fiscal year from a 
        covered program that are not committed under this 
        program by April 1 of that fiscal year shall be 
        returned for use under the covered program.
    ``(d) Allocation of Funding.--Of the funds and acres made 
available for the program under subsection (a) and reserved for 
the program under subsection (c), the Secretary shall 
allocate--
            ``(1) 25 percent of the funds and acres to projects 
        based on a State competitive process administered by 
        the State Conservationist, with the advice of the State 
        technical committee established under subtitle G;
            ``(2) 40 percent of the funds and acres to projects 
        based on a national competitive process to be 
        established by the Secretary; and
            ``(3) 35 percent of the funds and acres to projects 
        for critical conservation areas designated under 
        section 1271F.
    ``(e) Limitation on Administrative Expenses.--None of the 
funds made available or reserved for the program may be used to 
pay for the administrative expenses of eligible partners.

``SEC. 1271E. ADMINISTRATION.

    ``(a) Disclosure.--In addition to the criteria used in 
evaluating applications as described in section 1271B(d)(2), 
the Secretary shall make publicly available information on 
projects selected through the competitive process described in 
section 1271B(d)(1).
    ``(b) Reporting.--Not later than December 31, 2014, and 
every two years thereafter, the Secretary shall submit to the 
Committee on Agriculture of the House of Representatives and 
the Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry of the 
Senate a report on the status of projects funded under the 
program, including--
            ``(1) the number and types of eligible partners and 
        producers participating in the partnership agreements 
        selected;
            ``(2) the number of producers receiving assistance;
            ``(3) total funding committed to projects, 
        including from Federal and non-Federal resources; and
            ``(4) a description of how the funds under section 
        1271C(b)(2) are being administered, including--
                    ``(A) any oversight mechanisms that the 
                Secretary has implemented;
                    ``(B) the process through which the 
                Secretary is resolving appeals by program 
                participants; and
                    ``(C) the means by which the Secretary is 
                tracking adherence to any applicable provisions 
                for payment eligibility.

``SEC. 1271F. CRITICAL CONSERVATION AREAS.

    ``(a) In General.--In administering funds under section 
1271D(d)(3), the Secretary shall select applications for 
partnership agreements and producer contracts within critical 
conservation areas designated under this section.
    ``(b) Critical Conservation Area Designations.--
            ``(1) Priority.--In designating critical 
        conservation areas under this section, the Secretary 
        shall give priority to geographical areas based on the 
        degree to which the geographical area--
                    ``(A) includes multiple States with 
                significant agricultural production;
                    ``(B) is covered by an existing regional, 
                State, binational, or multistate agreement or 
                plan that has established objectives, goals, 
                and work plans and is adopted by a Federal, 
                State, or regional authority;
                    ``(C) would benefit from water quality 
                improvement, including through reducing 
                erosion, promoting sediment control, and 
                addressing nutrient management activities 
                affecting large bodies of water of regional, 
                national, or international significance;
                    ``(D) would benefit from water quantity 
                improvement, including improvement relating 
                to--
                            ``(i) groundwater, surface water, 
                        aquifer, or other water sources; or
                            ``(ii) a need to promote water 
                        retention and flood prevention; or
                    ``(E) contains producers that need 
                assistance in meeting or avoiding the need for 
                a natural resource regulatory requirement that 
                could have a negative impact on the economic 
                scope of the agricultural operations within the 
                area.
            ``(2) Expiration.--Critical conservation area 
        designations under this section shall expire after 5 
        years, subject to redesignation, except that the 
        Secretary may withdraw designation from an area if the 
        Secretary finds the area no longer meets the conditions 
        described in paragraph (1).
            ``(3) Limitation.--The Secretary may not designate 
        more than 8 geographical areas as critical conservation 
        areas under this section.
    ``(c) Administration.--
            ``(1) In general.--Except as provided in paragraph 
        (2), the Secretary shall administer any partnership 
        agreement or producer contract under this section in a 
        manner that is consistent with the terms of the 
        program.
            ``(2) Relationship to existing activity.--The 
        Secretary shall, to the maximum extent practicable, 
        ensure that eligible activities carried out in critical 
        conservation areas designated under this section 
        complement and are consistent with other Federal and 
        State programs and water quality and quantity 
        strategies.
            ``(3) Additional authority.--For a critical 
        conservation area described in subsection (b)(1)(D), 
        the Secretary may use authorities under the Watershed 
        Protection and Flood Prevention Act (16 U.S.C. 1001 et 
        seq.), other than section 14 of such Act (16 U.S.C. 
        1012), to carry out projects for the purposes of this 
        section.''.

                Subtitle F--Other Conservation Programs

SEC. 2501. CONSERVATION OF PRIVATE GRAZING LAND.

    Section 1240M(e) of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 
U.S.C. 3839bb(e)) is amended by striking ``2012'' and inserting 
``2018''.

SEC. 2502. GRASSROOTS SOURCE WATER PROTECTION PROGRAM.

    Section 1240O(b) of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 
U.S.C. 3839bb-2(b)) is amended to read as follows:
    ``(b) Funding.--
            ``(1) Authorization of appropriations.--There is 
        authorized to be appropriated to carry out this section 
        $20,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2008 through 2018.
            ``(2) Availability of funds.--In addition to funds 
        made available under paragraph (1), of the funds of the 
        Commodity Credit Corporation, the Secretary shall use 
        $5,000,000, to remain available until expended.''.

SEC. 2503. VOLUNTARY PUBLIC ACCESS AND HABITAT INCENTIVE PROGRAM.

    (a) Funding.--Section 1240R(f)(1) of the Food Security Act 
of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3839bb-5(f)(1)) is amended--
            (1) in the heading, by striking ``Fiscal years 2009 
        through 2012'' and inserting ``Mandatory funding''; and
            (2) by inserting ``and $40,000,000 for the period 
        of fiscal years 2014 through 2018'' before the period 
        at the end.
    (b) Report on Program Effectiveness.--Not later than 2 
years after the date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary of 
Agriculture shall submit to the Committee on Agriculture of the 
House of Representatives and the Committee on Agriculture, 
Nutrition, and Forestry of the Senate a report evaluating the 
effectiveness of the voluntary public access and habitat 
incentive program established by section 1240R of the Food 
Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3839bb-5), including--
            (1) identifying cooperating agencies;
            (2) identifying the number of land holdings and 
        total acres enrolled by State;
            (3) evaluating the extent of improved access on 
        eligible land, improved wildlife habitat, and related 
        economic benefits; and
            (4) any other relevant information and data 
        relating to the program that would be helpful to such 
        Committees.

SEC. 2504. AGRICULTURE CONSERVATION EXPERIENCED SERVICES PROGRAM.

    Subsection (c)(2) of section 1252 of the Food Security Act 
of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3851) is amended to read as follows:
            ``(2) Exclusion.--Funds made available to carry out 
        the conservation reserve program may not be used to 
        carry out the ACES program.''.

SEC. 2505. SMALL WATERSHED REHABILITATION PROGRAM.

    (a) Availability of Funds.--Section 14(h)(1) of the 
Watershed Protection and Flood Prevention Act (16 U.S.C. 
1012(h)(1)) is amended--
            (1) in subparagraph (E), by striking ``; and'' and 
        inserting a semicolon;
            (2) in subparagraph (F), by striking the period and 
        inserting a semicolon;
            (3) in subparagraph (G), by striking the period and 
        inserting ``; and''; and
            (4) by adding at the end the following new 
        subparagraph:
                    ``(H) $250,000,000 for fiscal year 2014, to 
                remain available until expended.''.
    (b) Authorization of Appropriations.--Section 14(h)(2)(E) 
of the Watershed Protection and Flood Prevention Act (16 U.S.C. 
1012(h)(2)(E)) is amended by striking ``2012'' and inserting 
``2018''.

SEC. 2506. EMERGENCY WATERSHED PROTECTION PROGRAM.

    Section 403 of the Agricultural Credit Act of 1978 (16 
U.S.C. 2203) is amended--
            (1) by striking ``Sec. 403. The Secretary'' and 
        inserting the following:

``SEC. 403. EMERGENCY MEASURES.

    ``(a) In General.--The Secretary''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following:
    ``(b) Floodplain Easements.--
            ``(1) Modification and termination.--The Secretary 
        may modify or terminate a floodplain easement 
        administered by the Secretary under this section if--
                    ``(A) the current owner agrees to the 
                modification or termination; and
                    ``(B) the Secretary determines that the 
                modification or termination--
                            ``(i) will address a compelling 
                        public need for which there is no 
                        practicable alternative; and
                            ``(ii) is in the public interest.
            ``(2) Consideration.--
                    ``(A) Termination.--As consideration for 
                termination of an easement and associated 
                agreements under paragraph (1), the Secretary 
                shall enter into compensatory arrangements as 
                determined to be appropriate by the Secretary.
                    ``(B) Modification.--In the case of a 
                modification under paragraph (1)--
                            ``(i) as a condition of the 
                        modification, the current owner shall 
                        enter into a compensatory arrangement 
                        (as determined to be appropriate by the 
                        Secretary) to incur the costs of 
                        modification; and
                            ``(ii) the Secretary shall ensure 
                        that--
                                    ``(I) the modification will 
                                not adversely affect the 
                                floodplain functions and values 
                                for which the easement was 
                                acquired;
                                    ``(II) any adverse impacts 
                                will be mitigated by enrollment 
                                and restoration of other land 
                                that provides greater 
                                floodplain functions and values 
                                at no additional cost to the 
                                Federal Government; and
                                    ``(III) the modification 
                                will result in equal or greater 
                                environmental and economic 
                                values to the United States.''.

SEC. 2507. TERMINAL LAKES.

    Section 2507 of the Farm Security and Rural Investment Act 
of 2002 (43 U.S.C. 2211 note; Public Law 107-171) is amended to 
read as follows:

``SEC. 2507. TERMINAL LAKES ASSISTANCE.

    ``(a) Definitions.--In this section:
            ``(1) Eligible land.--The term `eligible land' 
        means privately owned agricultural land (including land 
        in which a State has a property interest as a result of 
        State water law)--
                    ``(A) that a landowner voluntarily agrees 
                to sell to a State; and
                    ``(B) which--
                            ``(i)(I) is ineligible for 
                        enrollment as a wetland reserve 
                        easement established under the 
                        agricultural conservation easement 
                        program under subtitle H of the Food 
                        Security Act of 1985;
                            ``(II) is flooded to--
                                    ``(aa) an average depth of 
                                at least 6.5 feet; or
                                    ``(bb) a level below which 
                                the State determines the 
                                management of the water level 
                                is beyond the control of the 
                                State or landowner; or
                            ``(III) is inaccessible for 
                        agricultural use due to the flooding of 
                        adjoining property (such as islands of 
                        agricultural land created by flooding);
                            ``(ii) is located within a 
                        watershed with water rights available 
                        for lease or purchase; and
                            ``(iii) has been used during at 
                        least 5 of the immediately preceding 30 
                        years--
                                    ``(I) to produce crops or 
                                hay; or
                                    ``(II) as livestock pasture 
                                or grazing.
            ``(2) Program.--The term `program' means the 
        voluntary land purchase program established under this 
        section.
            ``(3) Terminal lake.--The term `terminal lake' 
        means a lake and its associated riparian and watershed 
        resources that is--
                    ``(A) considered flooded because there is 
                no natural outlet for water accumulating in the 
                lake or the associated riparian area such that 
                the watershed and surrounding land is 
                consistently flooded; or
                    ``(B) considered terminal because it has no 
                natural outlet and is at risk due to a history 
                of consistent Federal assistance to address 
                critical resource conditions, including 
                insufficient water available to meet the needs 
                of the lake, general uses, and water rights.
    ``(b) Assistance.--The Secretary shall--
            ``(1) provide grants under subsection (c) for the 
        purchase of eligible land impacted by a terminal lake 
        described in subsection (a)(3)(A); and
            ``(2) provide funds to the Secretary of the 
        Interior pursuant to subsection (e)(2) with assistance 
        in accordance with subsection (d) for terminal lakes 
        described in subsection (a)(3)(B).
    ``(c) Land Purchase Grants.--
            ``(1) In general.--Using funds provided under 
        subsection (e)(1), the Secretary shall make available 
        land purchase grants to States for the purchase of 
        eligible land in accordance with this subsection.
            ``(2) Implementation.--
                    ``(A) Amount.--A land purchase grant shall 
                be in an amount not to exceed the lesser of--
                            ``(i) 50 percent of the total 
                        purchase price per acre of the eligible 
                        land; or
                            ``(ii)(I) in the case of eligible 
                        land that was used to produce crops or 
                        hay, $400 per acre; and
                            ``(II) in the case of eligible land 
                        that was pasture or grazing land, $200 
                        per acre.
                    ``(B) Determination of purchase price.--A 
                State purchasing eligible land with a land 
                purchase grant shall ensure, to the maximum 
                extent practicable, that the purchase price of 
                such land reflects the value, if any, of other 
                encumbrances on the eligible land to be 
                purchased, including easements and mineral 
                rights.
                    ``(C) Cost-share required.--To be eligible 
                to receive a land purchase grant, a State shall 
                provide matching non-Federal funds in an amount 
                equal to 50 percent of the amount described in 
                subparagraph (A), including additional non-
                Federal funds.
                    ``(D) Conditions.--To receive a land 
                purchase grant, a State shall agree--
                            ``(i) to ensure that any eligible 
                        land purchased is--
                                    ``(I) conveyed in fee 
                                simple to the State; and
                                    ``(II) free from mortgages 
                                or other liens at the time 
                                title is transferred;
                            ``(ii) to maintain ownership of the 
                        eligible land in perpetuity;
                            ``(iii) to pay (from funds other 
                        than grant dollars awarded) any costs 
                        associated with the purchase of 
                        eligible land under this section, 
                        including surveys and legal fees; and
                            ``(iv) to keep eligible land in a 
                        conserving use, as defined by the 
                        Secretary.
                    ``(E) Loss of federal benefits.--Eligible 
                land purchased with a grant under this section 
                shall lose eligibility for any benefits under 
                other Federal programs, including--
                            ``(i) benefits under title XII of 
                        the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 
                        U.S.C. 3801 et seq.);
                            ``(ii) benefits under the Federal 
                        Crop Insurance Act (7 U.S.C. 1501 et 
                        seq.); and
                            ``(iii) covered benefits described 
                        in section 1001D(b) of the Food 
                        Security Act of 1985 (7 U.S.C. 1308-
                        3a).
                    ``(F) Prohibition.--Any Federal rights or 
                benefits associated with eligible land prior to 
                purchase by a State may not be transferred to 
                any other land or person in anticipation of or 
                as a result of such purchase.
    ``(d) Water Assistance.--
            ``(1) In general.--The Secretary of the Interior, 
        acting through the Commissioner of Reclamation, may use 
        the funds described in subsection (e)(2) to administer 
        and provide financial assistance to carry out this 
        subsection to provide water and assistance to a 
        terminal lake described in subsection (a)(3)(B) through 
        willing sellers or willing participants only--
                    ``(A) to lease water;
                    ``(B) to purchase land, water appurtenant 
                to the land, and related interests; and
                    ``(C) to carry out research, support, and 
                conservation activities for associated fish, 
                wildlife, plant, and habitat resources.
            ``(2) Exclusions.--The Secretary of the Interior 
        may not use this subsection to deliver assistance to 
        the Great Salt Lake in Utah, lakes that are considered 
        dry lakes, or other lakes that do not meet the purposes 
        of this section, as determined by the Secretary of the 
        Interior.
            ``(3) Transitional provision.--
                    ``(A) In general.--Notwithstanding any 
                other provision of this section, any funds made 
                available before the date of enactment of the 
                Agricultural Act of 2014 under a provision of 
                law described in subparagraph (B) shall remain 
                available using the provisions of law 
                (including regulations) in effect on the day 
                before the date of enactment of that Act.
                    ``(B) Described laws.--The provisions of 
                law described in this section are--
                            ``(i) section 2507 of the Farm 
                        Security and Rural Investment Act of 
                        2002 (43 U.S.C. 2211 note; Public Law 
                        107-171) (as in effect on the day 
                        before the date of enactment of the 
                        Agricultural Act of 2014);
                            ``(ii) section 207 of the Energy 
                        and Water Development Appropriations 
                        Act, 2003 (Public Law 108-7; 117 Stat. 
                        146);
                            ``(iii) section 208 of the Energy 
                        and Water Development Appropriations 
                        Act, 2006 (Public Law 109-103; 119 
                        Stat. 2268, 123 Stat. 2856); and
                            ``(iv) section 208 of the Energy 
                        and Water Development and Related 
                        Agencies Appropriations Act, 2010 
                        (Public Law 111-85; 123 Stat. 2858, 123 
                        Stat. 2967, 125 Stat. 867).
    ``(e) Funding.--
            ``(1) Authorization of appropriations.--There is 
        authorized to be appropriated to the Secretary to carry 
        out subsection (c) $25,000,000, to remain available 
        until expended.
            ``(2) Commodity credit corporation.--As soon as 
        practicable after the date of enactment of the 
        Agricultural Act of 2014, the Secretary shall transfer 
        to the `Bureau of Reclamation--Water and Related 
        Resources' account $150,000,000 from the funds of the 
        Commodity Credit Corporation to carry out subsection 
        (d), to remain available until expended.''.

SEC. 2508. SOIL AND WATER RESOURCES CONSERVATION.

    (a) Congressional Policy and Declaration of Purpose.--
Section 4 of the Soil and Water Resources Conservation Act of 
1977 (16 U.S.C. 2003) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (b), by inserting ``and tribal'' 
        after ``State'' each place it appears; and
            (2) in subsection (c)(2), by inserting ``, 
        tribal,'' after ``State''.
    (b) Continuing Appraisal of Soil, Water, and Related 
Resources.--Section 5 of the Soil and Water Resources 
Conservation Act of 1977 (16 U.S.C. 2004) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)(4), by striking ``and State'' 
        and inserting ``, State, and tribal'';
            (2) in subsection (b), by inserting ``, tribal'' 
        after ``State'' each place it appears; and
            (3) in subsection (c)--
                    (A) by striking ``State soil'' and 
                inserting ``State and tribal soil''; and
                    (B) by striking ``local'' and inserting 
                ``local, tribal,''.
    (c) Soil and Water Conservation Program.--Section 6(a) of 
the Soil and Water Resources Conservation Act of 1977 (16 
U.S.C. 2005(a)) is amended--
            (1) by inserting ``, tribal,'' after ``State'' the 
        first place it appears;
            (2) by inserting ``, tribal'' after ``State'' each 
        other place it appears; and
            (3) by inserting ``, tribal,'' after ``private''.
    (d) Utilization of Available Information and Data.--Section 
9 of the Soil and Water Resources Conservation Act of 1977 (16 
U.S.C. 2008) is amended by inserting ``, tribal'' after 
``State''.

                 Subtitle G--Funding and Administration

SEC. 2601. FUNDING.

    (a) In General.--Section 1241 of the Food Security Act of 
1985 (16 U.S.C. 3841) is amended by striking subsection (a) and 
inserting the following:
    ``(a) Annual Funding.--For each of fiscal years 2014 
through 2018, the Secretary shall use the funds, facilities, 
and authorities of the Commodity Credit Corporation to carry 
out the following programs under this title (including the 
provision of technical assistance):
            ``(1) The conservation reserve program under 
        subchapter B of chapter 1 of subtitle D, including, to 
        the maximum extent practicable--
                    ``(A) $10,000,000 for the period of fiscal 
                years 2014 through 2018 to provide payments 
                under section 1234(c); and
                    ``(B) $33,000,000 for the period of fiscal 
                years 2014 through 2018 to carry out section 
                1235(f) to facilitate the transfer of land 
                subject to contracts from retired or retiring 
                owners and operators to beginning farmers or 
                ranchers and socially disadvantaged farmers or 
                ranchers.
            ``(2) The agricultural conservation easement 
        program under subtitle H using to the maximum extent 
        practicable--
                    ``(A) $400,000,000 for fiscal year 2014;
                    ``(B) $425,000,000 for fiscal year 2015;
                    ``(C) $450,000,000 for fiscal year 2016;
                    ``(D) $500,000,000 for fiscal year 2017; 
                and
                    ``(E) $250,000,000 for fiscal year 2018.
            ``(3) The conservation security program under 
        subchapter A of chapter 2 of subtitle D, using such 
        sums as are necessary to administer contracts entered 
        into before September 30, 2008.
            ``(4) The conservation stewardship program under 
        subchapter B of chapter 2 of subtitle D.
            ``(5) The environmental quality incentives program 
        under chapter 4 of subtitle D, using, to the maximum 
        extent practicable--
                    ``(A) $1,350,000,000 for fiscal year 2014;
                    ``(B) $1,600,000,000 for fiscal year 2015;
                    ``(C) $1,650,000,000 for fiscal year 2016;
                    ``(D) $1,650,000,000 for fiscal year 2017; 
                and
                    ``(E) $1,750,000,000 for fiscal year 
                2018.''.
    (b) Guaranteed Availability of Funds.--Section 1241 of the 
Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3841) is amended--
            (1) by redesignating subsections (b) through (h) as 
        subsections (c) through (i), respectively;
            (2) by inserting after subsection (a) the 
        following:
    ``(b) Availability of Funds.--Amounts made available by 
subsection (a) for fiscal years 2014 through 2018 shall be used 
by the Secretary to carry out the programs specified in such 
subsection and shall remain available until expended.''; and
            (3) in subsection (d) (as redesignated by paragraph 
        (1)), by striking ``subsection (b)'' and inserting 
        ``subsection (c)''.

SEC. 2602. TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE.

    Section 1241 of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 
3841) is amended by striking subsection (c) (as redesignated by 
section 2601(b)(1)) and inserting the following:
    ``(c) Technical Assistance.--
            ``(1) Availability.--Commodity Credit Corporation 
        funds made available for a fiscal year for each of the 
        programs specified in subsection (a)--
                    ``(A) shall be available for the provision 
                of technical assistance for the programs for 
                which funds are made available as necessary to 
                implement the programs effectively;
                    ``(B) except for technical assistance for 
                the conservation reserve program under 
                subchapter B of chapter 1 of subtitle D, shall 
                be apportioned for the provision of technical 
                assistance in the amount determined by the 
                Secretary, at the sole discretion of the 
                Secretary; and
                    ``(C) shall not be available for the 
                provision of technical assistance for 
                conservation programs specified in subsection 
                (a) other than the program for which the funds 
                were made available.
            ``(2) Priority.--
                    ``(A) In general.--In the delivery of 
                technical assistance under the Soil 
                Conservation and Domestic Allotment Act (16 
                U.S.C. 590a et seq.), the Secretary shall give 
                priority to producers who request technical 
                assistance from the Secretary in order to 
                comply for the first time with the requirements 
                of subtitle B and subtitle C of this title as a 
                result of the amendments made by section 2611 
                of the Agricultural Act of 2014.
                    ``(B) Report.--Not later than 270 days 
                after the date of enactment of the Agricultural 
                Act of 2014, the Secretary shall submit to the 
                Committee on Agriculture of the House of 
                Representatives and the Committee on 
                Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry of the 
                Senate a report regarding the extent to which 
                the conservation compliance requirements 
                contained in the amendments made by section 
                2611 of the Agricultural Act of 2014 apply to 
                and impact specialty crop growers, including 
                national analysis and surveys to determine the 
                extent of specialty crop acreage that includes 
                highly erodible land and wetlands.
            ``(3) Report.--Not later than December 31, 2014, 
        the Secretary shall submit (and update as necessary in 
        subsequent years) to the Committee on Agriculture of 
        the House of Representatives and the Committee on 
        Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry of the Senate a 
        report--
                    ``(A) detailing the amount of technical 
                assistance funds requested and apportioned in 
                each program specified in subsection (a) during 
                the preceding fiscal year; and
                    ``(B) any other data relating to this 
                provision that would be helpful to such 
                Committees.
            ``(4) Compliance report.--Not later than November 1 
        of each year, the Secretary shall submit to the 
        Committee on Agriculture of the House of 
        Representatives and the Committee on Agriculture, 
        Nutrition, and Forestry of the Senate a report that 
        includes--
                    ``(A) a description of the extent to which 
                the requests for highly erodible land 
                conservation and wetland compliance 
                determinations are being addressed in a timely 
                manner;
                    ``(B) the total number of requests 
                completed in the previous fiscal year;
                    ``(C) the incomplete determinations on 
                record; and
                    ``(D) the number of requests that are still 
                outstanding more than 1 year since the date on 
                which the requests were received from the 
                producer.''.

SEC. 2603. REGIONAL EQUITY.

    Section 1241 of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 
3841) is amended by striking subsection (e) (as redesignated by 
section 2601(b)(1)) and inserting the following:
    ``(e) Regional Equity.--
            ``(1) Equitable distribution.--When determining 
        funding allocations each fiscal year, the Secretary 
        shall, after considering available funding and program 
        demand in each State, provide a distribution of funds 
        for conservation programs under subtitle D (excluding 
        the conservation reserve program under subchapter B of 
        chapter 1), subtitle H, and subtitle I to ensure 
        equitable program participation proportional to 
        historical funding allocations and usage by all States.
            ``(2) Minimum percentage.--In determining the 
        specific funding allocations under paragraph (1), the 
        Secretary shall--
                    ``(A) ensure that during the first quarter 
                of each fiscal year each State has the 
                opportunity to establish that the State can use 
                an aggregate allocation amount of at least 0.6 
                percent of the funds made available for those 
                conservation programs; and
                    ``(B) for each State that can so establish, 
                provide an aggregate amount of at least 0.6 
                percent of the funds made available for those 
                conservation programs.''.

SEC. 2604. RESERVATION OF FUNDS TO PROVIDE ASSISTANCE TO CERTAIN 
                    FARMERS OR RANCHERS FOR CONSERVATION ACCESS.

    Subsection (h) of section 1241 of the Food Security Act of 
1985 (16 U.S.C. 3841) (as redesignated by section 2601(b)(1)) 
is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1) by striking ``2012'' and 
        inserting ``2018''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following new 
        paragraph:
            ``(4) Preference.--In providing assistance under 
        paragraph (1), the Secretary shall give preference to a 
        veteran farmer or rancher (as defined in section 
        2501(e) of the Food, Agriculture, Conservation, and 
        Trade Act of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 2279(e))) that qualifies 
        under subparagraph (A) or (B) of paragraph (1).''.

SEC. 2605. ANNUAL REPORT ON PROGRAM ENROLLMENTS AND ASSISTANCE.

    Subsection (i) of section 1241 of the Food Security Act of 
1985 (16 U.S.C. 3841) (as redesignated by section 2601(b)(1)) 
is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1), by striking ``wetlands 
        reserve program'' and inserting ``agricultural 
        conservation easement program'';
            (2) by striking paragraphs (2) and (3) and 
        redesignating paragraphs (4), (5), and (6) as 
        paragraphs (2), (3), and (4), respectively;
            (3) in paragraph (3) (as so redesignated)--
                    (A) by striking ``agricultural water 
                enhancement program'' and inserting ``regional 
                conservation partnership program''; and
                    (B) by striking ``1240I(g)'' and inserting 
                ``1271C(c)(3)''; and
            (4) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(5) Payments made under the conservation 
        stewardship program.
            ``(6) Exceptions provided by the Secretary under 
        section 1265B(b)(2)(C).''.

SEC. 2606. ADMINISTRATIVE REQUIREMENTS APPLICABLE TO ALL CONSERVATION 
                    PROGRAMS.

    Section 1244 of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 
3844) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)(2), by adding at the end the 
        following new subparagraph:
                    ``(E) Veteran farmers or ranchers (as 
                defined in section 2501(e) of the Food, 
                Agriculture, Conservation, and Trade Act of 
                1990 (7 U.S.C. 2279(e))).'';
            (2) in subsection (d), by inserting ``, H, and I'' 
        before the period at the end;
            (3) in subsection (f)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1)(B), by striking 
                ``country'' and inserting ``county''; and
                    (B) in paragraph (3), by striking 
                ``subsection (c)(2)(B) or (f)(4)'' and 
                inserting ``subsection (d)(2)(A)(ii) or 
                (g)(2)'';
            (4) in subsection (h)(2), by inserting ``, 
        including, to the extent practicable, practices that 
        maximize benefits for honey bees'' after 
        ``pollinators''; and
            (5) by adding at the end the following new 
        subsections:
    ``(j) Improved Administrative Efficiency and 
Effectiveness.--In administrating a conservation program under 
this title, the Secretary shall, to the maximum extent 
practicable--
            ``(1) seek to reduce administrative burdens and 
        costs to producers by streamlining conservation 
        planning and program resources; and
            ``(2) take advantage of new technologies to enhance 
        efficiency and effectiveness.
    ``(k) Relation to Other Payments.--Any payment received by 
an owner or operator under this title, including an easement 
payment or rental payment, shall be in addition to, and not 
affect, the total amount of payments that the owner or operator 
is otherwise eligible to receive under any of the following:
            ``(1) This Act.
            ``(2) The Agricultural Act of 1949 (7 U.S.C. 1421 
        et seq.).
            ``(3) The Agricultural Act of 2014.
            ``(4) Any law that succeeds a law specified in 
        paragraph (1), (2), or (3).
    ``(l) Funding for Indian Tribes.--In carrying out the 
conservation stewardship program under subchapter B of chapter 
2 of subtitle D and the environmental quality incentives 
program under chapter 4 of subtitle D, the Secretary may enter 
into alternative funding arrangements with Indian tribes if the 
Secretary determines that the goals and objectives of the 
programs will be met by such arrangements, and that statutory 
limitations regarding contracts with individual producers will 
not be exceeded by any tribal member.''.

SEC. 2607. STANDARDS FOR STATE TECHNICAL COMMITTEES.

    Section 1261(b) of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 
3861(b)) is amended by striking ``Not later than 180 days after 
the date of enactment of the Food, Conservation, and Energy Act 
of 2008, the Secretary shall develop'' and inserting ``The 
Secretary shall review and update as necessary''.

SEC. 2608. RULEMAKING AUTHORITY.

    Subtitle E of title XII of the Food Security Act of 1985 
(16 U.S.C. 3841 et seq.) is amended by adding at the end the 
following new section:

``SEC. 1246. REGULATIONS.

    ``(a) In General.--The Secretary shall promulgate such 
regulations as are necessary to implement programs under this 
title, including such regulations as the Secretary determines 
to be necessary to ensure a fair and reasonable application of 
the limitations established under section 1244(f).
    ``(b) Rulemaking Procedure.--The promulgation of 
regulations and administration of programs under this title--
            ``(1) shall be carried out without regard to 
        chapter 35 of title 44, United States Code (commonly 
        known as the Paperwork Reduction Act); and
            ``(2) shall be made as an interim rule effective on 
        publication with an opportunity for notice and comment.
    ``(c) Congressional Review of Agency Rulemaking.--In 
promulgating regulations under this section, the Secretary 
shall use the authority provided under section 808 of title 5, 
United States Code.''.

SEC. 2609. WETLANDS MITIGATION.

    Section 1222(k) of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 
3822(k)) is amended to read as follows:
    ``(k) Mitigation Banking.--
            ``(1) Mitigation banking program.--
                    ``(A) In general.--Using authorities 
                available to the Secretary, the Secretary shall 
                operate a program or work with third parties to 
                establish mitigation banks to assist persons in 
                complying with the provisions of this section 
                while mitigating any loss of wetland values and 
                functions.
                    ``(B) Funding.--Of the funds of the 
                Commodity Credit Corporation, the Secretary 
                shall use $10,000,000, to remain available 
                until expended, to carry out this paragraph.
            ``(2) Applicability.--Subsection (f)(2)(C) shall 
        not apply to this subsection.
            ``(3) Policy and criteria.--The Secretary shall 
        develop the appropriate policy and criteria that will 
        allow willing persons to access existing mitigation 
        banks, under this section or any other authority, that 
        will serve the purposes of this section without 
        requiring the Secretary to hold an easement, in whole 
        or in part, in a mitigation bank.''.

SEC. 2610. LESSER PRAIRIE-CHICKEN CONSERVATION REPORT.

    (a) In General.--Not later than 90 days after the date of 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Agriculture shall 
submit to the Committee on Agriculture of the House of 
Representatives and the Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, 
and Forestry of the Senate a report containing the results of a 
review and analysis of each of the activities (including those 
administered by the Secretary) that pertain to the conservation 
of the lesser prairie-chicken, including the conservation 
reserve program, the environmental quality incentives program, 
the Lesser Prairie-Chicken Initiative, the Western Association 
of Fish and Wildlife Agencies Candidate Conservation Agreement 
with Assurances for Oil and Gas, and the Western Association of 
Fish and Wildlife Agencies Lesser Prairie-Chicken Range-Wide 
Conservation Plan.
    (b) Contents.--The Secretary shall include in the report 
required by this section, at a minimum--
            (1) with respect to each activity described in 
        subsection (a) as it relates to the conservation of the 
        lesser prairie-chicken, findings regarding--
                    (A) the cost of the activity to the Federal 
                Government, impacted State governments, and the 
                private sector;
                    (B) the conservation effectiveness of the 
                activity; and
                    (C) the cost effectiveness of the activity; 
                and
            (2) a ranking of the activities described in 
        subsection (a) based on their relative cost 
        effectiveness.

SEC. 2611. HIGHLY ERODIBLE LAND AND WETLAND CONSERVATION FOR CROP 
                    INSURANCE.

    (a) Highly Erodible Land Program Ineligibility.--
            (1) In general.--Section 1211(a)(1) of the Food 
        Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3811(a)(1)) is 
        amended--
                    (A) in subparagraph (C), by striking ``or'' 
                at the end;
                    (B) in subparagraph (D), by adding ``or'' 
                at the end; and
                    (C) by adding at the end the following:
                    ``(E) any portion of the premium paid by 
                the Federal Crop Insurance Corporation for a 
                policy or plan of insurance under the Federal 
                Crop Insurance Act (7 U.S.C. 1501 et seq.), on 
                the condition that if a person is determined to 
                have committed a violation under this 
                subsection during a crop year, ineligibility 
                under this subparagraph shall--
                            ``(i) only apply to reinsurance 
                        years subsequent to the date of final 
                        determination of a violation, including 
                        all administrative appeals; and
                            ``(ii) not apply to the existing 
                        reinsurance year or any reinsurance 
                        year prior to the date of final 
                        determination;''.
            (2) Exemptions.--Section 1212(a)(2) of the Food 
        Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3812(a)(2)) is 
        amended--
                    (A) in the first sentence, by striking 
                ``(2) If,'' and inserting the following:
            ``(2) Eligibility based on compliance with 
        conservation plan.--
                    ``(A) In general.--If,'';
                    (B) in the second sentence, by striking 
                ``In carrying'' and inserting the following:
                    ``(B) Minimization of documentation.--In 
                carrying''; and
                    (C) by adding at the end the following:
                    ``(C) Crop insurance.--
                            ``(i) Operations new to 
                        compliance.--Notwithstanding section 
                        1211(a), in the case of a person that 
                        is subject to section 1211 for the 
                        first time solely due to the amendment 
                        made by section 2611(a) of the 
                        Agricultural Act of 2014, any person 
                        who produces an agricultural commodity 
                        on the land that is the basis of the 
                        payments described in section 
                        1211(a)(1)(E) shall have 5 reinsurance 
                        years after the date on which such 
                        payments become subject to section 1211 
                        to develop and comply with an approved 
                        conservation plan so as to maintain 
                        eligibility for such payments.
                            ``(ii) Existing operations with 
                        prior violations.--Notwithstanding 
                        section 1211(a), in the case of a 
                        person that the Secretary determines 
                        would have been in violation of section 
                        1211(a) if the person had continued 
                        participation in the programs requiring 
                        compliance at any time after the date 
                        of enactment of the Agricultural Act of 
                        2014 and is currently in violation of 
                        section 1211(a), the person shall have 
                        2 reinsurance years after the date on 
                        which the payments described in section 
                        1211(a)(1)(E) become subject to section 
                        1211 to develop and comply with an 
                        approved conservation plan, as 
                        determined by the Secretary, so as to 
                        maintain eligibility for such payments.
                            ``(iii) Applicable reinsurance 
                        year.--Ineligibility for the payment 
                        described in section 1211(a)(1)(E) for 
                        a violation under this subparagraph 
                        during a crop year shall--
                                    ``(I) only apply to 
                                reinsurance years subsequent to 
                                the date of a final 
                                determination of a violation, 
                                including all administrative 
                                appeals; and
                                    ``(II) not apply to the 
                                existing reinsurance year or 
                                any reinsurance year prior to 
                                the date of the final 
                                determination.''.
            (3) Crop insurance premium assistance.--Section 
        1213(d) of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 
        3812a(d)) is amended by adding at the end the 
        following:
            ``(4) Crop insurance premium assistance.--For the 
        purpose of determining the eligibility of a person for 
        the payment described in section 1211(a)(1)(E), the 
        Secretary shall apply the procedures described in 
        section 1221(c)(3)(E) and coordinate the certification 
        process so as to avoid duplication or unnecessary 
        paperwork.''.
    (b) Wetland Conservation Program Ineligibility.--Section 
1221 of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3821) is 
amended--
            (1) by redesignating subsections (c), (d), and (e) 
        as subsections (d), (e), and (f), respectively; and
            (2) by inserting after subsection (b) the 
        following:
    ``(c) Ineligibility for Crop Insurance Premium 
Assistance.--
            ``(1) Requirements.--
                    ``(A) In general.--If a person is 
                determined to have committed a violation under 
                subsection (a) or (d) during a crop year, the 
                person shall be ineligible to receive any 
                payment of any portion of premium paid by the 
                Federal Crop Insurance Corporation for a plan 
                or policy of insurance under the Federal Crop 
                Insurance Act (7 U.S.C. 1501 et seq.) pursuant 
                to this subsection.
                    ``(B) Applicability.--Ineligibility under 
                this subsection shall--
                            ``(i) only apply to reinsurance 
                        years subsequent to the date of a final 
                        determination of a violation, including 
                        all administrative appeals; and
                            ``(ii) not apply to the existing 
                        reinsurance year or any reinsurance 
                        year prior to the date of the final 
                        determination.
            ``(2) Conversions.--
                    ``(A) In general.--Notwithstanding 
                paragraph (1), ineligibility for crop insurance 
                premium assistance shall apply in accordance 
                with this paragraph.
                    ``(B) New conversions.--In the case of a 
                wetland that the Secretary determines was 
                converted after the date of enactment of the 
                Agricultural Act of 2014--
                            ``(i) the person shall be 
                        ineligible to receive crop insurance 
                        premium subsidies in subsequent 
                        reinsurance years unless the Secretary 
                        determines that an exemption pursuant 
                        to section 1222 applies; or
                            ``(ii) for any violation that the 
                        Secretary determines impacts less than 
                        5 acres of an entire farm, the person 
                        may pay a contribution in an amount 
                        equal to 150 percent of the cost of 
                        mitigation, as determined by the 
                        Secretary, to the fund described in 
                        section 1241(f) for wetland restoration 
                        in lieu of ineligibility to receive 
                        crop insurance premium assistance.
                    ``(C) Prior conversions.--In the case of a 
                wetland that the Secretary determines was 
                converted prior to the date of enactment of the 
                Agricultural Act of 2014, ineligibility under 
                this subsection shall not apply.
                    ``(D) Conversions and new policies or plans 
                of insurance.--In the case of an agricultural 
                commodity for which an individual policy or 
                plan of insurance is available for the first 
                time to the person after the date of enactment 
                of the Agricultural Act of 2014--
                            ``(i) ineligibility shall apply 
                        only to conversions that take place 
                        after the date on which the policy or 
                        plan of insurance first becomes 
                        available to the person; and
                            ``(ii) the person shall take such 
                        steps as the Secretary determines 
                        appropriate to mitigate any prior 
                        conversion in a timely manner but not 
                        to exceed 2 reinsurance years.
            ``(3) Limitations.--
                    ``(A) Mitigation required.--Except as 
                otherwise provided in this paragraph, a person 
                subject to a final determination, including all 
                administrative appeals, of a violation 
                described in subsection (d) shall have 1 
                reinsurance year to initiate a mitigation plan 
                to remedy the violation, as determined by the 
                Secretary, before becoming ineligible under 
                this subsection in the following reinsurance 
                year to receive any payment of any portion of 
                the premium paid by the Federal Crop Insurance 
                Corporation for a policy or plan of insurance 
                under the Federal Crop Insurance Act (7 U.S.C. 
                1501 et seq.).
                    ``(B) Persons covered for the first time.--
                Notwithstanding the requirements of paragraph 
                (1), in the case of a person that is subject to 
                this subsection for the first time solely due 
                to the amendment made by section 2611(b) of the 
                Agricultural Act of 2014, the person shall have 
                2 reinsurance years after the reinsurance year 
                in which a final determination is made, 
                including all administrative appeals, of a 
                violation described in this subsection to take 
                such steps as the Secretary determines 
                appropriate to remedy or mitigate the violation 
                in accordance with this subsection.
                    ``(C) Good faith.--If the Secretary 
                determines that a person subject to a final 
                determination, including all administrative 
                appeals, of a violation described in this 
                subsection acted in good faith and without 
                intent to commit a violation described in this 
                subsection as described in section 1222(h), the 
                person shall have 2 reinsurance years to take 
                such steps as the Secretary determines 
                appropriate to remedy or mitigate the violation 
                in accordance with this subsection.
                    ``(D) Tenant relief.--
                            ``(i) In general.--If a tenant is 
                        determined to be ineligible for 
                        payments and other benefits under this 
                        subsection, the Secretary may limit the 
                        ineligibility only to the farm that is 
                        the basis for the ineligibility 
                        determination if the tenant has 
                        established, to the satisfaction of the 
                        Secretary that--
                                    ``(I) the tenant has made a 
                                good faith effort to meet the 
                                requirements of this section, 
                                including enlisting the 
                                assistance of the Secretary to 
                                obtain a reasonable plan for 
                                restoration or mitigation for 
                                the farm;
                                    ``(II) the landlord on the 
                                farm refuses to comply with the 
                                plan on the farm; and
                                    ``(III) the Secretary 
                                determines that the lack of 
                                compliance is not a part of a 
                                scheme or device to avoid the 
                                compliance.
                            ``(ii) Report.--The Secretary shall 
                        submit to the Committee on Agriculture 
                        of the House of Representatives and the 
                        Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, 
                        and Forestry of the Senate an annual 
                        report concerning the ineligibility 
                        determinations limited during the 
                        previous 12-month period under this 
                        subparagraph.
                    ``(E) Certificate of compliance.--
                            ``(i) In general.--Beginning with 
                        the first full reinsurance year 
                        immediately following the date of 
                        enactment of this paragraph, all 
                        persons seeking eligibility for the 
                        payment of a portion of the premium 
                        paid by the Federal Crop Insurance 
                        Corporation for a policy or plan of 
                        insurance under the Federal Crop 
                        Insurance Act (7 U.S.C. 1501 et seq.) 
                        shall provide certification of 
                        compliance with this section as 
                        determined by the Secretary.
                            ``(ii) Timely evaluation.--The 
                        Secretary shall evaluate the 
                        certification in a timely manner and--
                                    ``(I) a person who has 
                                properly complied with 
                                certification shall be held 
                                harmless with regard to 
                                eligibility during the period 
                                of evaluation; and
                                    ``(II) if the Secretary 
                                fails to evaluate the 
                                certification in a timely 
                                manner and the person is 
                                subsequently found to be in 
                                violation of this subsection, 
                                ineligibility shall not apply 
                                to the person for that 
                                violation.
                            ``(iii) Equitable contribution.--
                                    ``(I) In general.--If a 
                                person fails to notify the 
                                Secretary as required and is 
                                subsequently found to be in 
                                violation of this subsection, 
                                the Secretary shall--
                                            ``(aa) determine 
                                        the amount of an 
                                        equitable contribution 
                                        to conservation by the 
                                        person for the 
                                        violation; and
                                            ``(bb) deposit the 
                                        contribution in the 
                                        fund described in 
                                        section 1241(f).
                                    ``(II) Limitation.--The 
                                contribution shall not exceed 
                                the total of the portion of the 
                                premium paid by the Federal 
                                Crop Insurance Corporation for 
                                a policy or plan of insurance 
                                for all years the person is 
                                determined to have been in 
                                violation subsequent to the 
                                date on which certification was 
                                first required under this 
                                subparagraph.
            ``(4) Duties of the secretary.--
                    ``(A) In general.--In carrying out this 
                subsection, the Secretary shall use existing 
                processes and procedures for certifying 
                compliance.
                    ``(B) Responsibility.--The Secretary, 
                acting through the agencies of the Department 
                of Agriculture, shall be solely responsible for 
                determining whether a producer is eligible to 
                receive crop insurance premium subsidies in 
                accordance with this subsection.
                    ``(C) Limitation.--The Secretary shall 
                ensure that no agent, approved insurance 
                provider, or employee or contractor of an 
                agency or approved insurance provider, bears 
                responsibility or liability for the eligibility 
                of an insured producer under this subsection, 
                other than in cases of misrepresentation, 
                fraud, or scheme and device.''.

 Subtitle H--Repeal of Superseded Program Authorities and Transitional 
                    Provisions; Technical Amendments

SEC. 2701. COMPREHENSIVE CONSERVATION ENHANCEMENT PROGRAM.

    Section 1230 of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 
3830) is repealed.

SEC. 2702. EMERGENCY FORESTRY CONSERVATION RESERVE PROGRAM.

    (a) Repeal.--Except as provided in subsection (b), section 
1231A of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3831a) is 
repealed.
    (b) Transitional Provisions.--
            (1) Effect on existing contracts and agreements.--
        The amendment made by this section shall not affect the 
        validity or terms of any contract or agreement entered 
        into by the Secretary of Agriculture under section 
        1231A of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 
        3831a) before the date of enactment of the Agricultural 
        Act of 2014, or any payments required to be made in 
        connection with the contract or agreement.
            (2) Funding.--The Secretary may use funds made 
        available to carry out the conservation reserve program 
        under subchapter B of chapter 1 of subtitle D of title 
        XII of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3831 et 
        seq.) to continue to carry out contracts or agreements 
        referred to in paragraph (1) using the provisions of 
        law and regulation applicable to such contracts or 
        agreements as in existence on the day before the date 
        of enactment of the Agricultural Act of 2014.

SEC. 2703. WETLANDS RESERVE PROGRAM.

    (a) Repeal.--Except as provided in subsection (b), 
subchapter C of chapter 1 of subtitle D of title XII of the 
Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3837 et seq.) is repealed.
    (b) Transitional Provisions.--
            (1) Effect on existing contracts, agreements, and 
        easements.--The amendment made by this section shall 
        not affect the validity or terms of any contract, 
        agreement, or easement entered into by the Secretary of 
        Agriculture under subchapter C of chapter 1 of subtitle 
        D of title XII of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 
        U.S.C. 3837 et seq.) before the date of enactment of 
        the Agricultural Act of 2014, or any payments required 
        to be made in connection with the contract, agreement, 
        or easement.
            (2) Funding.--
                    (A) Use of prior year funds.--
                Notwithstanding the repeal of subchapter C of 
                chapter 1 of subtitle D of title XII of the 
                Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3837 et 
                seq.), any funds made available from the 
                Commodity Credit Corporation to carry out the 
                wetlands reserve program under that subchapter 
                for fiscal years 2009 through 2013 shall be 
                made available to carry out contracts, 
                agreements, or easements referred to in 
                paragraph (1) that were entered into prior to 
                the date of enactment of the Agricultural Act 
                of 2014 (including the provision of technical 
                assistance), provided that no such contract, 
                agreement, or easement is modified so as to 
                increase the amount of the payment received.
                    (B) Other.--The Secretary may use funds 
                made available to carry out the agricultural 
                conservation easement program under subtitle H 
                of title XII of the Food Security Act of 1985, 
                as added by section 2301, to continue to carry 
                out contracts, agreements, and easements 
                referred to in paragraph (1) using the 
                provisions of law and regulation applicable to 
                such contracts, agreements, and easements as in 
                existence on the day before the date of 
                enactment of the Agricultural Act of 2014.

SEC. 2704. FARMLAND PROTECTION PROGRAM AND FARM VIABILITY PROGRAM.

    (a) Repeal.--Except as provided in subsection (b), 
subchapter C of chapter 2 of subtitle D of title XII of the 
Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3838h et seq.) is 
repealed.
    (b) Transitional Provisions.--
            (1) Effect on existing agreements and easements.--
        The amendment made by this section shall not affect the 
        validity or terms of any agreement or easement entered 
        into by the Secretary of Agriculture under subchapter C 
        of chapter 2 of subtitle D of title XII of the Food 
        Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3838h et seq.) before 
        the date of enactment of the Agricultural Act of 2014, 
        or any payments required to be made in connection with 
        the agreement or easement.
            (2) Funding.--
                    (A) Use of prior year funds.--
                Notwithstanding the repeal of subchapter C of 
                chapter 2 of subtitle D of title XII of the 
                Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3838h et 
                seq.), any funds made available from the 
                Commodity Credit Corporation to carry out the 
                farmland protection program under that 
                subchapter for fiscal years 2009 through 2013 
                shall be made available to carry out agreements 
                and easements referred to in paragraph (1) that 
                were entered into prior to the date of 
                enactment of the Agricultural Act of 2014 
                (including the provision of technical 
                assistance).
                    (B) Other.--On exhaustion of funds made 
                available under subparagraph (A), the Secretary 
                may use funds made available to carry out the 
                agricultural conservation easement program 
                under subtitle H of title XII of the Food 
                Security Act of 1985, as added by section 2301, 
                to continue to carry out agreements and 
                easements referred to in paragraph (1) using 
                the provisions of law and regulation applicable 
                to such agreements and easements as in 
                existence on the day before the date of 
                enactment of the Agricultural Act of 2014.

SEC. 2705. GRASSLAND RESERVE PROGRAM.

    (a) Repeal.--Except as provided in subsection (b), 
subchapter D of chapter 2 of subtitle D of title XII of the 
Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3838n et seq.) is 
repealed.
    (b) Transitional Provisions.--
            (1) Effect on existing contracts, agreements, and 
        easements.--The amendment made by this section shall 
        not affect the validity or terms of any contract, 
        agreement, or easement entered into by the Secretary of 
        Agriculture under subchapter D of chapter 2 of subtitle 
        D of title XII of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 
        U.S.C. 3838n et seq.) before the date of enactment of 
        the Agricultural Act of 2014, or any payments required 
        to be made in connection with the contract, agreement, 
        or easement.
            (2) Funding.--
                    (A) Use of prior year funds.--
                Notwithstanding the repeal of subchapter D of 
                chapter 2 of subtitle D of title XII of the 
                Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3838n et 
                seq.), any funds made available from the 
                Commodity Credit Corporation to carry out the 
                grassland reserve program under that subchapter 
                for fiscal years 2009 through 2013 shall be 
                made available to carry out contracts, 
                agreements, or easements referred to in 
                paragraph (1) that were entered into prior to 
                the date of enactment of the Agricultural Act 
                of 2014 (including the provision of technical 
                assistance), provided that no such contract, 
                agreement, or easement is modified so as to 
                increase the amount of the payment received.
                    (B) Other.--The Secretary may use funds 
                made available to carry out the agricultural 
                conservation easement program under subtitle H 
                of title XII of the Food Security Act of 1985, 
                as added by section 2301, to continue to carry 
                out contracts, agreements, and easements 
                referred to in paragraph (1) using the 
                provisions of law and regulation applicable to 
                such contracts, agreements, and easements as in 
                existence on the day before the date of 
                enactment of the Agricultural Act of 2014.

SEC. 2706. AGRICULTURAL WATER ENHANCEMENT PROGRAM.

    (a) Repeal.--Except as provided in subsection (b), section 
1240I of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3839aa-9) is 
repealed.
    (b) Transitional Provisions.--
            (1) Effect on existing contracts and agreements.--
        The amendment made by this section shall not affect the 
        validity or terms of any contract or agreement entered 
        into by the Secretary of Agriculture under section 
        1240I of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 
        3839aa-9) before the date of enactment of the 
        Agricultural Act of 2014, or any payments required to 
        be made in connection with the contract or agreement.
            (2) Funding.--
                    (A) Use of prior year funds.--
                Notwithstanding the repeal of section 1240I of 
                the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 
                3839aa-9), any funds made available from the 
                Commodity Credit Corporation to carry out the 
                agricultural water enhancement program under 
                that section for fiscal years 2009 through 2013 
                shall be made available to carry out contracts 
                and agreements referred to in paragraph (1) 
                that were entered into prior to the date of 
                enactment of the Agricultural Act of 2014 
                (including the provision of technical 
                assistance).
                    (B) Other.--On exhaustion of funds made 
                available under subparagraph (A), the Secretary 
                may use funds made available to carry out the 
                regional conservation partnership program under 
                subtitle I of title XII of the Food Security 
                Act of 1985, as added by section 2401, to 
                continue to carry out contracts and agreements 
                referred to in paragraph (1) using the 
                provisions of law and regulation applicable to 
                such contracts and agreements as in existence 
                on the day before the date of enactment of the 
                Agricultural Act of 2014.

SEC. 2707. WILDLIFE HABITAT INCENTIVE PROGRAM.

    (a) Repeal.--Except as provided in subsection (b), section 
1240N of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3839bb-1) is 
repealed.
    (b) Transitional Provisions.--
            (1) Effect on existing contracts and agreements.--
        The amendment made by this section shall not affect the 
        validity or terms of any contract or agreement entered 
        into by the Secretary of Agriculture under section 
        1240N of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 
        3839bb-1) before the date of enactment of the 
        Agricultural Act of 2014, or any payments required to 
        be made in connection with the contract or agreement.
            (2) Funding.--
                    (A) Use of prior year funds.--
                Notwithstanding the repeal of section 1240N of 
                the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 
                3839bb-1), any funds made available from the 
                Commodity Credit Corporation to carry out the 
                wildlife habitat incentive program under that 
                section for fiscal years 2009 through 2013 
                shall be made available to carry out contracts 
                or agreements referred to in paragraph (1) 
                which were entered into prior to the date of 
                enactment of the Agricultural Act of 2014 
                (including the provision of technical 
                assistance).
                    (B) Other.--On exhaustion of funds made 
                available under subparagraph (A), the Secretary 
                may use funds made available to carry out the 
                environmental quality incentives program under 
                chapter 4 of subtitle D of title XII of the 
                Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3839aa et 
                seq.) to continue to carry out contracts or 
                agreements referred to in paragraph (1) using 
                the provisions of law and regulation applicable 
                to such contracts or agreements as in existence 
                on the day before the date of enactment of the 
                Agricultural Act of 2014.

SEC. 2708. GREAT LAKES BASIN PROGRAM.

    Section 1240P of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 
3839bb-3) is repealed.

SEC. 2709. CHESAPEAKE BAY WATERSHED PROGRAM.

    (a) Repeal.--Except as provided in subsection (b), section 
1240Q of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3839bb-4) is 
repealed.
    (b) Transitional Provisions.--
            (1) Effect on existing contracts, agreements, and 
        easements.--The amendment made by this section shall 
        not affect the validity or terms of any contract, 
        agreement, or easement entered into by the Secretary of 
        Agriculture under section 1240Q of the Food Security 
        Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3839bb-4) before the date of 
        enactment of the Agricultural Act of 2014, or any 
        payments required to be made in connection with the 
        contract, agreement, or easement.
            (2) Funding.--
                    (A) Use of prior year funds.--
                Notwithstanding the repeal of section 1240Q of 
                the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 
                3839bb-4), any funds made available from the 
                Commodity Credit Corporation to carry out the 
                Chesapeake Bay watershed program under that 
                section for fiscal years 2009 through 2013 
                shall be made available to carry out contracts, 
                agreements, and easements referred to in 
                paragraph (1) that were entered into prior to 
                the date of enactment of the Agricultural Act 
                of 2014 (including the provision of technical 
                assistance).
                    (B) Other.--The Secretary may use funds 
                made available to carry out the regional 
                conservation partnership program under subtitle 
                I of title XII of the Food Security Act of 
                1985, as added by section 2401, to continue to 
                carry out contracts, agreements, and easements 
                referred to in paragraph (1) using the 
                provisions of law and regulation applicable to 
                such contracts, agreements, and easements as in 
                existence on the day before the date of 
                enactment of the Agricultural Act of 2014.

SEC. 2710. COOPERATIVE CONSERVATION PARTNERSHIP INITIATIVE.

    (a) Repeal.--Except as provided in subsection (b), section 
1243 of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3843) is 
repealed.
    (b) Transitional Provisions.--
            (1) Effect on existing contracts and agreements.--
        The amendment made by this section shall not affect the 
        validity or terms of any contract or agreement entered 
        into by the Secretary of Agriculture under section 1243 
        of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3843) 
        before the date of enactment of the Agricultural Act of 
        2014, or any payments required to be made in connection 
        with the contract or agreement.
            (2) Funding.--
                    (A) Use of prior year funds.--
                Notwithstanding the repeal of section 1243 of 
                the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3843), 
                any funds made available from the Commodity 
                Credit Corporation to carry out the cooperative 
                conservation partnership initiative under that 
                section for fiscal years 2009 through 2013 
                shall be made available to carry out contracts 
                and agreements referred to in paragraph (1) 
                that were entered into prior to the date of 
                enactment of the Agricultural Act of 2014 
                (including the provision of technical 
                assistance).
                    (B) Other.--On exhaustion of funds made 
                available under subparagraph (A), the Secretary 
                may use funds made available to carry out the 
                regional conservation partnership program under 
                subtitle I of title XII of the Food Security 
                Act of 1985, as added by section 2401, to 
                continue to carry out contracts and agreements 
                referred to in paragraph (1) using the 
                provisions of law and regulation applicable to 
                such contracts and agreements as in existence 
                on the day before the date of enactment of the 
                Agricultural Act of 2014.

SEC. 2711. ENVIRONMENTAL EASEMENT PROGRAM.

    Chapter 3 of subtitle D of title XII of the Food Security 
Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3839 et seq.) is repealed.

SEC. 2712. TEMPORARY ADMINISTRATION OF CONSERVATION PROGRAMS.

    (a) Applicability.--This section is applicable to 
activities under--
            (1) the wetlands reserve program, the farmland 
        protection program, and the farm viability program 
        being merged into the agricultural conservation 
        easement program under the amendment made by section 
        2301;
            (2) the wildlife habitat incentive program being 
        merged into the environmental quality incentives 
        program under the amendments made by subtitle C;
            (3) the agricultural water enhancement program, the 
        Chesapeake Bay watershed program, the cooperative 
        conservation partnership initiative, and the Great 
        Lakes basin program being merged into the regional 
        conservation partnership program under the amendment 
        made by section 2401; and
            (4) the grassland reserve program being merged into 
        the conservation reserve program under the amendments 
        made by subtitle A and into the agricultural 
        conservation easement program under the amendment made 
        by section 2301.
    (b) Interim Administration.--Subject to subsection (d), 
with respect to the implementation of the agricultural 
conservation easement program under subtitle H of title XII of 
the Food Security Act of 1985, as added by section 2301, the 
amendments to the environmental quality incentives program made 
by subtitle C, the regional conservation partnership program 
under subtitle I of title XII of the Food Security Act of 1985, 
as added by section 2401, and the amendments to the 
conservation reserve program made by subtitle A, the Secretary 
shall use the regulations in existence as of the day before the 
date of enactment of this Act that are applicable to the 
wetlands reserve program, the grassland reserve program, the 
farmland protection program, the farm viability program, the 
wildlife habitat incentive program, the agricultural water 
enhancement program, the Chesapeake Bay watershed program, the 
cooperative conservation partnership initiative, and the Great 
Lakes basin program repealed by this subtitle, to the extent 
that the terms and conditions of such regulations are 
consistent with--
            (1) the provisions of the agricultural conservation 
        easement program and the regional conservation 
        partnership program; and
            (2) the amendments to the environmental quality 
        incentives program and the conservation reserve program 
        made by this title.
    (c) Funding.--The Secretary may only use funds authorized 
in this title or in the amendments made by this title for the 
specific programs listed in subsection (b), including any 
restrictions on the use of those funds, for the purposes 
identified in paragraphs (1) and (2) of subsection (b).
    (d) Termination of Authority.--The authority of the 
Secretary to carry out subsection (b) shall terminate on the 
date that is 270 days after the date of enactment of this Act.
    (e) Permanent Administration.--Effective beginning on the 
termination date described in subsection (d), the Secretary 
shall provide technical assistance, financial assistance, and 
easement enrollment in accordance with any final regulations 
that the Secretary considers necessary to carry out this title 
and the amendments made by this title.

SEC. 2713. TECHNICAL AMENDMENTS.

    (a) Definitions.--Section 1201(a) of the Food Security Act 
of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3801(a)) is amended in the matter preceding 
paragraph (1) by striking ``E'' and inserting ``I''.
    (b) Program Ineligibility.--Section 1211(a) of the Food 
Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3811(a)) is amended by striking 
``predominate'' each place it appears and inserting 
``predominant''.
    (c) Specialty Crop Producers.--Section 1242(i) of the Food 
Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3842(i)) is amended in the 
header by striking ``Speciality'' and inserting ``Specialty''.

                            TITLE III--TRADE

                     Subtitle A--Food for Peace Act

SEC. 3001. GENERAL AUTHORITY.

    Section 201 of the Food for Peace Act (7 U.S.C. 1721) is 
amended--
            (1) in the matter preceding paragraph (1), by 
        inserting ``(to be implemented by the Administrator)'' 
        after ``under this title''; and
            (2) by striking paragraph (7) and the second 
        sentence and inserting the following new paragraph:
            ``(7) build resilience to mitigate and prevent food 
        crises and reduce the future need for emergency aid.''.

SEC. 3002. SET-ASIDE FOR SUPPORT FOR ORGANIZATIONS THROUGH WHICH 
                    NONEMERGENCY ASSISTANCE IS PROVIDED.

    Section 202(e) of the Food for Peace Act (7 U.S.C. 1722(e)) 
is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1)--
                    (A) in the matter preceding subparagraph 
                (A), by striking ``13 percent'' and inserting 
                ``20 percent'';
                    (B) in subparagraph (A), by striking 
                ``new'' and inserting ``and enhancing'';
                    (C) by striking subparagraph (B);
                    (D) by redesignating subparagraph (C) as 
                subparagraph (D); and
                    (E) by inserting after subparagraph (A) the 
                following new subparagraphs:
                    ``(B) meeting specific administrative, 
                management, personnel, transportation, storage, 
                and distribution costs for carrying out 
                programs in foreign countries under this title;
                    ``(C) implementing income-generating, 
                community development, health, nutrition, 
                cooperative development, agricultural, and 
                other developmental activities within 1 or more 
                recipient countries or within 1 or more 
                countries in the same region; and''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following new 
        paragraph:
            ``(4) Investment authority.--An eligible 
        organization that receives funds made available under 
        paragraph (1) may invest the funds pending the eligible 
        organization's use of the funds. Any interest earned on 
        such investment may be used for the purposes for which 
        the assistance was provided to the eligible 
        organization without further appropriation by 
        Congress.''.

SEC. 3003. FOOD AID QUALITY.

    Section 202(h) of the Food for Peace Act (7 U.S.C. 1722(h)) 
is amended--
            (1) by striking paragraph (1) and inserting the 
        following new paragraph:
            ``(1) In general.--The Administrator shall use 
        funds made available for fiscal year 2014 and 
        subsequent fiscal years to carry out this title--
                    ``(A) to assess the types and quality of 
                agricultural commodities and products donated 
                for food aid;
                    ``(B) to adjust products and formulations, 
                including potential introduction of new 
                fortificants and products, as necessary to 
                cost-effectively meet nutrient needs of target 
                populations;
                    ``(C) to test prototypes;
                    ``(D) to adopt new specifications or 
                improve existing specifications for 
                micronutrient fortified food aid products, 
                based on the latest developments in food and 
                nutrition science, and in coordination with 
                other international partners;
                    ``(E) to develop new program guidance to 
                facilitate improved matching of products to 
                purposes having nutritional intent, in 
                coordination with other international partners;
                    ``(F) to develop improved guidance for 
                implementing partners on how to address 
                nutritional deficiencies that emerge among 
                recipients for whom food assistance is the sole 
                source of diet in emergency programs that 
                extend beyond 1 year, in coordination with 
                other international partners; and
                    ``(G) to evaluate, in appropriate settings 
                and as necessary, the performance and cost-
                effectiveness of new or modified specialized 
                food products and program approaches designed 
                to meet the nutritional needs of the most 
                vulnerable groups, such as pregnant and 
                lactating mothers, and children under the age 
                of 5.''; and
            (2) in paragraph (3), by striking ``fiscal years 
        2009 through 2011'' and inserting ``fiscal years 2014 
        through 2018''.

SEC. 3004. MINIMUM LEVELS OF ASSISTANCE.

    Section 204(a) of the Food for Peace Act (7 U.S.C. 1724(a)) 
is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1), by striking ``2012'' and 
        inserting ``2018''; and
            (2) in paragraph (2), by striking ``2012'' and 
        inserting ``2018''.

SEC. 3005. FOOD AID CONSULTATIVE GROUP.

    (a) Membership.--Section 205(b) of the Food for Peace Act 
(7 U.S.C. 1725(b)) is amended--
            (1) by striking ``and'' at the end of paragraph 
        (6);
            (2) by redesignating paragraph (7) as paragraph 
        (8); and
            (3) by inserting after paragraph (6) the following 
        new paragraph:
            ``(7) representatives from the United States 
        agricultural processing sector involved in providing 
        agricultural commodities for programs under this Act; 
        and''.
    (b) Consultation.--Section 205(d) of the Food for Peace Act 
(7 U.S.C. 1725(d)) is amended--
            (1) by striking the first sentence and inserting 
        the following:
            ``(1) Consultation in advance of issuance of 
        implementation regulations, handbooks, and 
        guidelines.--Not later than 45 days before a proposed 
        regulation, handbook, or guideline implementing this 
        title, or a proposed significant revision to a 
        regulation, handbook, or guideline implementing this 
        title, becomes final, the Administrator shall provide 
        the proposal to the Group for review and comment.''; 
        and
            (2) by adding at the end the following new 
        paragraph:
            ``(2) Consultation regarding food aid quality 
        efforts.--The Administrator shall seek input from and 
        consult with the Group on the implementation of section 
        202(h).''.
    (c) Reauthorization.--Section 205(f) of the Food for Peace 
Act (7 U.S.C. 1725(f)) is amended by striking ``2012'' and 
inserting ``2018''.

SEC. 3006. OVERSIGHT, MONITORING, AND EVALUATION.

    (a) Regulations and Guidance.--Section 207(c) of the Food 
for Peace Act (7 U.S.C. 1726a(c)) is amended--
            (1) in the subsection heading, by inserting ``and 
        Guidance'' after ``Regulations'';
            (2) in paragraph (1), by adding at the end the 
        following new sentence: ``Not later than 270 days after 
        the date of the enactment of the Agricultural Act of 
        2014, the Administrator shall issue all regulations and 
        revisions to agency guidance necessary to implement the 
        amendments made to this title by such Act.''; and
            (3) in paragraph (2), by inserting ``and guidance'' 
        after ``develop regulations''.
    (b) Funding.--Section 207(f) of the Food for Peace Act (7 
U.S.C. 1726a(f)) is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (2)(F), by striking ``upgraded'' 
        and inserting ``maintenance of'';
            (2) by striking paragraphs (3) and (4); and
            (3) by redesignating paragraphs (5) and (6) as 
        paragraphs (3) and (4), respectively; and
            (4) in paragraph (4) (as so redesignated)--
                    (A) in subparagraph (A), by striking 
                ``$22,000,000'' and all that follows through 
                the period at the end and inserting 
                ``$17,000,000 of the funds made available under 
                this title for each of fiscal years 2014 
                through 2018, except for paragraph (2)(F), for 
                which not more than $500,000 shall be made 
                available for each of the fiscal years 2014 
                through 2018.''; and
                    (B) in subparagraph (B)(i), by striking 
                ``2012'' and inserting ``2018''.
    (c) Implementation Reports.--Not later than 270 days after 
the date of the enactment of this Act, the Administrator of the 
Agency for International Development shall submit to the 
Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry of the Senate 
and the Committees on Agriculture and Foreign Affairs of the 
House of Representatives a report describing--
            (1) the implementation of section 207(c) of the 
        Food for Peace Act (7 U.S.C. 1726a(c));
            (2) the surveys, studies, monitoring, reporting, 
        and audit requirements for programs conducted under 
        title II of such Act (7 U.S.C. 1721 et seq.) by an 
        eligible organization that is a nongovernmental 
        organization (as such term is defined in section 402 of 
        such Act (7 U.S.C. 1732)); and
            (3) the surveys, studies, monitoring, reporting, 
        and audit requirements for such programs by an eligible 
        organization that is an intergovernmental organization, 
        such as the World Food Program or other multilateral 
        organization.

SEC. 3007. ASSISTANCE FOR STOCKPILING AND RAPID TRANSPORTATION, 
                    DELIVERY, AND DISTRIBUTION OF SHELF-STABLE 
                    PREPACKAGED FOODS.

    Section 208(f) of the Food for Peace Act (7 U.S.C. 
1726b(f)) is amended by striking ``$8,000,000 for each of 
fiscal years 2001 through 2012'' and inserting ``$10,000,000 
for each of fiscal years 2014 through 2018''.

SEC. 3008. IMPACT ON LOCAL FARMERS AND ECONOMY AND REPORT ON USE OF 
                    FUNDS.

    (a) Impact on Local Farmers and Economy.--Section 403(b) of 
the Food for Peace Act (7 U.S.C. 1733(b)) is amended by adding 
at the end the following new sentence: ``The Secretary or the 
Administrator, as appropriate, shall seek information, as part 
of the regular proposal and submission process, from 
implementing agencies on the potential costs and benefits to 
the local economy of sales of agricultural commodities within 
the recipient country.''.
    (b) Report on Use of Funds.--Section 403 of the Food for 
Peace Act (7 U.S.C. 1733) is amended by adding at the end the 
following new subsection:
    ``(m) Report on Use of Funds.--
            ``(1) Report required.--Not later than 180 days 
        after the date of the enactment of the Agricultural Act 
        of 2014, and annually thereafter, the Administrator 
        shall submit to Congress a report that--
                    ``(A) specifies the amount of funds 
                (including funds for administrative costs, 
                indirect cost recovery, internal 
                transportation, storage, and handling, and 
                associated distribution costs) provided to each 
                eligible organization that received assistance 
                under this Act in the previous fiscal year;
                    ``(B) describes how those funds were used 
                by the eligible organization;
                    ``(C) describes the actual rate of return 
                for each commodity made available under this 
                Act, including--
                            ``(i) factors that influenced the 
                        rate of return; and
                            ``(ii) for the commodity, the costs 
                        of bagging or further processing, ocean 
                        transportation, inland transportation 
                        in the recipient country, storage 
                        costs, and any other information that 
                        the Administrator determines to be 
                        necessary; and
                    ``(D) for each instance in which a 
                commodity was made available under this Act at 
                a rate of return less than 70 percent, 
                describes the reasons for the rate of return 
                realized.
            ``(2) Rate of return described.--For purposes of 
        applying paragraph (1)(C), the rate of return for a 
        commodity shall be equal to the proportion that--
                    ``(A) the proceeds the implementing 
                partners generate through monetization; bears 
                to
                    ``(B) the cost to the Federal Government to 
                procure and ship the commodity to a recipient 
                country for monetization.''.

SEC. 3009. PREPOSITIONING OF AGRICULTURAL COMMODITIES.

    Section 407(c)(4) of the Food for Peace Act (7 U.S.C. 
1736a(c)(4)) is amended--
            (1) in subparagraph (A)--
                    (A) by striking ``2012'' and inserting 
                ``2018''; and
                    (B) by striking ``for each such fiscal year 
                not more than $10,000,000 of such funds'' and 
                inserting ``for each of fiscal years 2001 
                through 2013 not more than $10,000,000 of such 
                funds and for each of fiscal years 2014 through 
                2018 not more than $15,000,000 of such funds''; 
                and
            (2) by striking subparagraph (B) and inserting the 
        following new subparagraph:
                    ``(B) Additional prepositioning sites.--The 
                Administrator may establish additional sites 
                for prepositioning in foreign countries or 
                change the location of current sites for 
                prepositioning in foreign countries after 
                conducting, and based on the results of, 
                assessments of need, the availability of 
                appropriate technology for long-term storage, 
                feasibility, and cost.''.

SEC. 3010. ANNUAL REPORT REGARDING FOOD AID PROGRAMS AND ACTIVITIES.

    Section 407(f)(1) of the Food for Peace Act (7 U.S.C. 
1736a(f)(1)) is amended--
            (1) in the paragraph heading, by striking 
        ``agricultural trade'' and inserting ``food aid'';
            (2) in subparagraph (B)(ii), by inserting before 
        the semicolon at the end the following: ``and the total 
        number of beneficiaries of the project and the 
        activities carried out through such project''; and
            (3) in subparagraph (B)(iii)--
                    (A) in the matter preceding subclause (I), 
                by inserting ``, and the total number of 
                beneficiaries in,'' after ``commodities made 
                available to'';
                    (B) by striking ``and'' at the end of 
                subclause (I);
                    (C) by inserting ``and'' at the end of 
                subclause (II); and
                    (D) by inserting after subclause (II) the 
                following new subclause:
                                    ``(III) the McGovern-Dole 
                                International Food for 
                                Education and Child Nutrition 
                                Program established by section 
                                3107 of the Farm Security and 
                                Rural Investment Act of 2002 (7 
                                U.S.C. 1736o-1);''.

SEC. 3011. DEADLINE FOR AGREEMENTS TO FINANCE SALES OR TO PROVIDE OTHER 
                    ASSISTANCE.

    Section 408 of the Food for Peace Act (7 U.S.C. 1736b) is 
amended by striking ``2012'' and inserting ``2018''.

SEC. 3012. MINIMUM LEVEL OF NONEMERGENCY FOOD ASSISTANCE.

    Subsection (e) of section 412 of the Food for Peace Act (7 
U.S.C. 1736f) is amended to read as follows:
    ``(e) Minimum Level of Nonemergency Food Assistance.--
            ``(1) In general.--Subject to paragraph (2), of the 
        amounts made available to carry out emergency and 
        nonemergency food assistance programs under title II, 
        not less than 20 nor more than 30 percent for each of 
        fiscal years 2014 through 2018 shall be expended for 
        nonemergency food assistance programs under title II.
            ``(2) Minimum level.--The amount made available to 
        carry out nonemergency food assistance programs under 
        title II shall not be less than $350,000,000 for any 
        fiscal year.''.

SEC. 3013. MICRONUTRIENT FORTIFICATION PROGRAMS.

    (a) Elimination of Obsolete Reference to Study.--Section 
415(a)(2)(B) of the Food for Peace Act (7 U.S.C. 1736g-
2(a)(2)(B)) is amended by striking ``, using recommendations'' 
and all that follows through ``quality enhancements''.
    (b) Extension.--Section 415(c) of the Food for Peace Act (7 
U.S.C. 1736g-2(c)) is amended by striking ``2012'' and 
inserting ``2018''.

SEC. 3014. JOHN OGONOWSKI AND DOUG BEREUTER FARMER-TO-FARMER PROGRAM.

    (a) Funding and Reauthorization of Program.--Section 501 of 
the Food for Peace Act (7 U.S.C. 1737) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (d), in the matter preceding 
        paragraph (1), by striking ``2012'' and inserting 
        ``2013, and not less than the greater of $15,000,000 or 
        0.6 percent of the amounts made available for each of 
        fiscal years 2014 through 2018,''; and
            (2) in subsection (e)(1), by striking ``2012'' and 
        inserting ``2018''.
    (b) Comptroller General Report.--Not later than 270 days 
after the date of enactment of this Act, the Comptroller 
General of the United States shall submit to Congress a report 
that contains--
            (1) a review of the John Ogonowski and Doug 
        Bereuter Farmer-to-Farmer Program authorized by section 
        501 of the Food for Peace Act (7 U.S.C. 1737); and
            (2) recommendations relating to actions that the 
        Comptroller General determines to be necessary to 
        improve the monitoring and evaluation of assistance 
        provided under such program.

SEC. 3015. COORDINATION OF FOREIGN ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS REPORT.

    Section 413 of the Food for Peace Act (7 U.S.C. 1736g) is 
amended--
            (1) by striking ``(a) In General.--To the maximum'' 
        and inserting ``To the maximum''; and
            (2) by striking subsection (b).

               Subtitle B--Agricultural Trade Act of 1978

SEC. 3101. EXPORT CREDIT GUARANTEE PROGRAM.

    (a) Short-Term Credit Guarantees.--Section 202 of the 
Agricultural Trade Act of 1978 (7 U.S.C. 5622) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a), by striking ``3-year'' and 
        inserting ``24-month'';
            (2) in subsection (d), by striking ``country'' and 
        inserting ``obligor'';
            (3) by striking subsection (i);
            (4) by redesignating subsections (j) and (k) as 
        subsections (i) and (j), respectfully; and
            (5) in subsection (j)(2) (as so redesignated)--
                    (A) by striking subparagraphs (A) and (B);
                    (B) by redesignating subparagraphs (C) 
                through (E) as subparagraphs (A) through (C), 
                respectfully;
                    (C) in subparagraph (B) (as so 
                redesignated), by striking ``and'' at the end;
                    (D) in subparagraph (C) (as so 
                redesignated)--
                            (i) by striking ``, but do not 
                        exceed,''; and
                            (ii) by striking the period at the 
                        end and inserting ``; and''; and
                    (E) by adding at the end the following new 
                subparagraph:
                    ``(D) notwithstanding any other provision 
                of this section, administer and carry out (only 
                after consulting with the Committee on 
                Agriculture of the House of Representatives and 
                the Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition and 
                Forestry of the Senate) the program pursuant to 
                such terms as may be agreed between the parties 
                to address the World Trade Organization dispute 
                WTO/DS267 to the extent not superseded by any 
                applicable international undertakings on 
                officially supported export credits to which 
                the United States is a party.''.
    (b) Funding.--Subsection (b) of section 211 of the 
Agricultural Trade Act of 1978 (7 U.S.C. 5641) is amended to 
read as follows:
    ``(b) Export Credit Guarantee Program.--The Commodity 
Credit Corporation shall make available for each fiscal year 
$5,500,000,000 of credit guarantees under section 202(a).''.

SEC. 3102. FUNDING FOR MARKET ACCESS PROGRAM.

    Section 211(c)(1)(A) of the Agricultural Trade Act of 1978 
(7 U.S.C. 5641(c)(1)(A)) is amended by striking ``2012'' and 
inserting ``2018''.

SEC. 3103. FOREIGN MARKET DEVELOPMENT COOPERATOR PROGRAM.

    Section 703(a) of the Agricultural Trade Act of 1978 (7 
U.S.C. 5723(a)) is amended by striking ``2012'' and inserting 
``2018''.

               Subtitle C--Other Agricultural Trade Laws

SEC. 3201. FOOD FOR PROGRESS ACT OF 1985.

    (a) Extension.--The Food for Progress Act of 1985 (7 U.S.C. 
1736o) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (f)(3), by striking ``2012'' and 
        inserting ``2018'';
            (2) in subsection (g), by striking ``2012'' and 
        inserting ``2018'';
            (3) in subsection (k), by striking ``2012'' and 
        inserting ``2018''; and
            (4) in subsection (l)(1), by striking ``2012'' and 
        inserting ``2018''.
    (b) Repeal of Completed Project.--Subsection (f) of the 
Food for Progress Act of 1985 (7 U.S.C. 1736o) is amended by 
striking paragraph (6).

SEC. 3202. BILL EMERSON HUMANITARIAN TRUST ACT.

    Section 302 of the Bill Emerson Humanitarian Trust Act (7 
U.S.C. 1736f-1) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (b)(2)(B)(i), by striking 
        ``2012'' both places it appears and inserting ``2018''; 
        and
            (2) in subsection (h), by striking ``2012'' both 
        places it appears and inserting ``2018''.

SEC. 3203. PROMOTION OF AGRICULTURAL EXPORTS TO EMERGING MARKETS.

    (a) Direct Credits or Export Credit Guarantees.--Section 
1542(a) of the Food, Agriculture, Conservation, and Trade Act 
of 1990 (Public Law 101-624; 7 U.S.C. 5622 note) is amended by 
striking ``2012'' and inserting ``2018''.
    (b) Development of Agricultural Systems.--Section 
1542(d)(1)(A)(i) of the Food, Agriculture, Conservation, and 
Trade Act of 1990 (Public Law 101-624; 7 U.S.C. 5622 note) is 
amended by striking ``2012'' and inserting ``2018''.

SEC. 3204. MCGOVERN-DOLE INTERNATIONAL FOOD FOR EDUCATION AND CHILD 
                    NUTRITION PROGRAM.

    (a) Reauthorization.--Section 3107(l)(2) of the Farm 
Security and Rural Investment Act of 2002 (7 U.S.C. 1736o-
1(l)(2)) is amended by striking ``2012'' and inserting 
``2018''.
    (b) Technical Correction.--Section 3107(d) of the Farm 
Security and Rural Investment Act of 2002 (7 U.S.C. 1736o-1(d)) 
is amended by striking ``to'' in the matter preceding paragraph 
(1).

SEC. 3205. TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE FOR SPECIALTY CROPS.

    (a) Purpose.--Section 3205(b) of the Farm Security and 
Rural Investment Act of 2002 (7 U.S.C. 5680(b)) is amended by 
striking ``related barriers to trade'' and inserting 
``technical barriers to trade''.
    (b) Funding.--Section 3205(e)(2) of the Farm Security and 
Rural Investment Act of 2002 (7 U.S.C. 5680(e)(2)) is amended--
            (1) by inserting ``and'' at the end of subparagraph 
        (C); and
            (2) by striking subparagraphs (D) and (E) and 
        inserting the following new subparagraph:
                    ``(D) $9,000,000 for each of fiscal years 
                2011 through 2018.''.
    (c) U.S. Atlantic Spiny Dogfish Study.--Not later than 90 
days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary 
shall conduct an economic study on the existing market in the 
United States for U.S. Atlantic Spiny Dogfish.

SEC. 3206. GLOBAL CROP DIVERSITY TRUST.

    Section 3202(c) of the Food, Conservation, and Energy Act 
of 2008 (Public Law 110-246; 22 U.S.C. 2220a note) is amended 
by striking ``2008 through 2012'' and inserting ``2014 through 
2018''.

SEC. 3207. LOCAL AND REGIONAL FOOD AID PROCUREMENT PROJECTS.

    Section 3206 of the Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 
2008 (7 U.S.C. 1726c) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (b)--
                    (A) by striking ``(b) Study; Field-Based 
                Projects.--'' and all that follows through 
                ``(2) Field-based projects.--'' and inserting 
                the following:
    ``(b) Field-Based Projects.--'';
                    (B) by redesignating subparagraphs (A) and 
                (B) as paragraphs (1) and (2), respectively, 
                and indenting appropriately;
                    (C) in paragraph (1) (as so redesignated), 
                by striking ``subparagraph (B)'' and inserting 
                ``paragraph (2)''; and
                    (D) in paragraph (2) (as so redesignated), 
                by striking ``subparagraph (A)'' and inserting 
                ``paragraph (1)'';
            (2) in subsection (c)(1), by striking ``subsection 
        (b)(2)'' and inserting ``subsection (b)'';
            (3) by striking subsections (d), (f), and (g);
            (4) by redesignating subsection (e) as subsection 
        (d);
            (5) in subsection (d) (as so redesignated)--
                    (A) in paragraph (2)--
                            (i) by striking subparagraph (B); 
                        and
                            (ii) in subparagraph (A)--
                                    (I) by striking ``(A) 
                                Application.--'' and all that 
                                follows through ``To be 
                                eligible'' in clause (i) and 
                                inserting the following:
                    ``(A) In general.--To be eligible'';
                                    (II) by redesignating 
                                clause (ii) as subparagraph (B) 
                                and indenting appropriately; 
                                and
                                    (III) in subparagraph (B) 
                                (as so redesignated), by 
                                striking ``clause (i)'' and 
                                inserting ``subparagraph (A)''; 
                                and
                    (B) by striking paragraph (4); and
            (6) by adding at the end the following new 
        subsection:
    ``(e) Funding.--
            ``(1) Authorization of appropriations.--There is 
        authorized to be appropriated to carry out this section 
        $80,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2014 through 2018.
            ``(2) Preference.--In carrying out this section, 
        the Secretary may give a preference to eligible 
        organizations that have, or are working toward, 
        projects under the McGovern-Dole International Food for 
        Education and Child Nutrition Program established under 
        section 3107 of the Farm Security and Rural Investment 
        Act of 2002 (7 U.S.C. 1736o-1).
            ``(3) Reporting.--Each year, the Secretary shall 
        submit to the appropriate committees of Congress a 
        report that describes the use of funds under this 
        section, including--
                    ``(A) the impact of procurements and 
                projects on--
                            ``(i) local and regional 
                        agricultural producers; and
                            ``(ii) markets and consumers, 
                        including low-income consumers; and
                    ``(B) implementation time frames and 
                costs.''.

SEC. 3208. UNDER SECRETARY OF AGRICULTURE FOR TRADE AND FOREIGN 
                    AGRICULTURAL AFFAIRS.

    (a) Definition of Agriculture Committees and 
Subcommittees.--In this section, the term ``agriculture 
committees and subcommittees'' means--
            (1) the Committee on Agriculture of the House of 
        Representatives;
            (2) the Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, and 
        Forestry of the Senate; and
            (3) the subcommittees on agriculture, rural 
        development, food and drug administration, and related 
        agencies of the Committees on Appropriations of the 
        House of Representatives and the Senate.
    (b) Proposal.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary, in consultation 
        with the agriculture committees and subcommittees, 
        shall propose a reorganization of international trade 
        functions for imports and exports of the Department of 
        Agriculture.
            (2) Considerations.--In producing the proposal 
        under this section, the Secretary shall--
                    (A) in recognition of the importance of 
                agricultural exports to the farm economy and 
                the economy as a whole, include a plan for the 
                establishment of an Under Secretary of 
                Agriculture for Trade and Foreign Agricultural 
                Affairs;
                    (B) take into consideration how the Under 
                Secretary described in subparagraph (A) would 
                serve as a multiagency coordinator of sanitary 
                and phytosanitary issues and nontariff trade 
                barriers in agriculture with respect to imports 
                and exports of agricultural products; and
                    (C) take into consideration all 
                implications of a reorganization described in 
                paragraph (1) on domestic programs and 
                operations of the Department of Agriculture.
            (3) Report.--Not later than 180 days after the date 
        of enactment of this Act and before the reorganization 
        described in paragraph (1) can take effect, the 
        Secretary shall submit to the agriculture committees 
        and subcommittees a report that--
                    (A) includes the results of the proposal 
                under this section; and
                    (B) provides a notice of the reorganization 
                plan.
            (4) Implementation.--Not later than 1 year after 
        the date of the submission of the report under 
        paragraph (3), the Secretary shall implement a 
        reorganization of international trade functions for 
        imports and exports of the Department of Agriculture, 
        including the establishment of an Under Secretary of 
        Agriculture for Trade and Foreign Agricultural Affairs.
    (c) Confirmation Required.--The position of Under Secretary 
of Agriculture for Trade and Foreign Agricultural Affairs 
established under subsection (b)(2)(A) shall be appointed by 
the President, by and with the advice and consent of the 
Senate.

                          TITLE IV--NUTRITION

         Subtitle A--Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program

SEC. 4001. PREVENTING PAYMENT OF CASH TO RECIPIENTS OF SUPPLEMENTAL 
                    NUTRITION ASSISTANCE BENEFITS FOR THE RETURN OF 
                    EMPTY BOTTLES AND CANS USED TO CONTAIN FOOD 
                    PURCHASED WITH BENEFITS PROVIDED UNDER THE PROGRAM.

    Section 3(k)(1) of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 
U.S.C. 2012(k)(1)) is amended--
            (1) by striking ``and hot foods'' and inserting 
        ``hot foods''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following: ``and any 
        deposit fee in excess of the amount of the State fee 
        reimbursement (if any) required to purchase any food or 
        food product contained in a returnable bottle or can, 
        regardless of whether the fee is included in the shelf 
        price posted for the food or food product,''.

SEC. 4002. RETAIL FOOD STORES.

    (a) Definition of Retail Food Store.--Section 3(p)(1)(A) of 
the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2012(p)(1)(A)) is 
amended--
            (1) by inserting ``at least 7'' after ``a variety 
        of''; and
            (2) by striking ``at least 2'' and inserting ``at 
        least 3''.
    (b) Alternative Benefit Delivery.--Section 7(f) of the Food 
and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2016(f)) is amended--
            (1) by striking paragraph (2) and inserting the 
        following:
            ``(2) Imposition of costs.--
                    ``(A) In general.--Except as provided in 
                subparagraph (B), the Secretary shall require 
                participating retail food stores (including 
                restaurants participating in a State option 
                restaurant program intended to serve the 
                elderly, disabled, and homeless) to pay 100 
                percent of the costs of acquiring, and arrange 
                for the implementation of, electronic benefit 
                transfer point-of-sale equipment and supplies, 
                including related services.
                    ``(B) Exemptions.--The Secretary may exempt 
                from subparagraph (A)--
                            ``(i) farmers' markets and other 
                        direct-to-consumer markets, military 
                        commissaries, nonprofit food buying 
                        cooperatives, and establishments, 
                        organizations, programs, or group 
                        living arrangements described in 
                        paragraphs (5), (7), and (8) of section 
                        3(k); and
                            ``(ii) establishments described in 
                        paragraphs (3), (4), and (9) of section 
                        3(k), other than restaurants 
                        participating in a State option 
                        restaurant program.
                    ``(C) Interchange fees.--Nothing in this 
                paragraph permits the charging of fees relating 
                to the redemption of supplemental nutrition 
                assistance program benefits, in accordance with 
                subsection (h)(13).''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(4) Termination of manual vouchers.--
                    ``(A) In general.--Effective beginning on 
                the date of enactment of this paragraph, except 
                as provided in subparagraph (B), no State shall 
                issue manual vouchers to a household that 
                receives supplemental nutrition assistance 
                under this Act or allow retail food stores to 
                accept manual vouchers as payment, unless the 
                Secretary determines that the manual vouchers 
                are necessary, such as in the event of an 
                electronic benefit transfer system failure or a 
                disaster situation.
                    ``(B) Exemptions.--The Secretary may exempt 
                categories of retail food stores or individual 
                retail food stores from subparagraph (A) based 
                on criteria established by the Secretary.
            ``(5) Unique identification number required.--
                    ``(A) In general.--To enhance the anti-
                fraud protections of the program, the Secretary 
                shall require all parties providing electronic 
                benefit transfer services to provide for and 
                maintain unique terminal identification number 
                information through the supplemental nutrition 
                assistance program electronic benefit transfer 
                transaction routing system.
                    ``(B) Regulations.--
                            ``(i) In general.--Not earlier than 
                        2 years after the date of enactment of 
                        this paragraph, the Secretary shall 
                        issue proposed regulations to carry out 
                        this paragraph.
                            ``(ii) Commercial practices.--In 
                        issuing regulations to carry out this 
                        paragraph, the Secretary shall consider 
                        existing commercial practices for other 
                        point-of-sale debit transactions.''.
    (c) Electronic Benefit Transfer Auditability.--Section 
7(h)(2)(C) of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 
2016(h)(2)(C)) is amended by striking clause (ii) and inserting 
the following:
                            ``(ii) unless determined by the 
                        Secretary to be located in an area with 
                        significantly limited access to food, 
                        measures that require an electronic 
                        benefit transfer system--
                                    ``(I) to set and enforce 
                                sales restrictions based on 
                                benefit transfer payment 
                                eligibility by using scanning 
                                or product lookup entry; and
                                    ``(II) to deny benefit 
                                tenders for manually entered 
                                sales of ineligible items.''.
    (d) Electronic Benefit Transfers.--Section 7(h)(3)(B) of 
the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2016(h)(3)(B)) is 
amended by striking ``is operational--'' and all that follows 
through ``(ii) in the case of other participating stores,'' and 
inserting ``is operational''.
    (e) Approval of Retail Food Stores and Wholesale Food 
Concerns.--Section 9 of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 
U.S.C. 2018) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)(1), in the second sentence, 
        by striking ``; and (C)'' and inserting ``; (C) whether 
        the applicant is located in an area with significantly 
        limited access to food; and (D)'';
            (2) in subsection (c), in the first sentence, by 
        inserting ``purchase invoices, or program-related 
        records,'' after ``relevant income and sales tax filing 
        documents,''; and
            (3) by adding at the end the following:
    ``(g) EBT Service Requirement.--An approved retail food 
store shall provide adequate EBT service as described in 
section 7(h)(3)(B).''.

SEC. 4003. ENHANCING SERVICES TO ELDERLY AND DISABLED SUPPLEMENTAL 
                    NUTRITION ASSISTANCE PROGRAM PARTICIPANTS.

    (a) Enhancing Services to Elderly and Disabled Program 
Participants.--Section 3(p) of the Food and Nutrition Act of 
2008 (7 U.S.C. 2012(p)) is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (3), by striking ``and'' at the 
        end;
            (2) in paragraph (4), by striking the period at the 
        end and inserting ``; and''; and
            (3) by inserting after paragraph (4) the following:
            ``(5) a governmental or private nonprofit food 
        purchasing and delivery service that--
                    ``(A) purchases food for, and delivers the 
                food to, individuals who are--
                            ``(i) unable to shop for food; and
                            ``(ii)(I) not less than 60 years of 
                        age; or
                            ``(II) physically or mentally 
                        handicapped or otherwise disabled;
                    ``(B) clearly notifies the participating 
                household at the time the household places a 
                food order--
                            ``(i) of any delivery fee 
                        associated with the food purchase and 
                        delivery provided to the household by 
                        the service; and
                            ``(ii) that a delivery fee cannot 
                        be paid with benefits provided under 
                        supplemental nutrition assistance 
                        program; and
                    ``(C) sells food purchased for the 
                household at the price paid by the service for 
                the food and without any additional cost 
                markup.''.
    (b) Implementation.--
            (1) Issuance of rules.--The Secretary shall issue 
        regulations that--
                    (A) establish criteria to identify a food 
                purchasing and delivery service referred to in 
                section 3(p)(5) of the Food and Nutrition Act 
                of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2012(p)(5)); and
                    (B) establish procedures to ensure that the 
                service--
                            (i) does not charge more for a food 
                        item than the price paid by the service 
                        for the food item;
                            (ii) offers food delivery service 
                        at no or low cost to households under 
                        that Act;
                            (iii) ensures that benefits 
                        provided under the supplemental 
                        nutrition assistance program are used 
                        only to purchase food (as defined in 
                        section 3 of that Act (7 U.S.C. 2012));
                            (iv) limits the purchase of food, 
                        and the delivery of the food, to 
                        households eligible to receive services 
                        described in section 3(p)(5) of that 
                        Act (7 U.S.C. 2012(p)(5));
                            (v) has established adequate 
                        safeguards against fraudulent 
                        activities, including unauthorized use 
                        of electronic benefit cards issued 
                        under that Act; and
                            (vi) meets such other requirements 
                        as the Secretary determines to be 
                        appropriate.
            (2) Limitation.--Before the issuance of rules under 
        paragraph (1), the Secretary may not approve more than 
        20 food purchasing and delivery services referred to in 
        section 3(p)(5) of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 
        (7 U.S.C. 2012(p)(5)) to participate as retail food 
        stores under the supplemental nutrition assistance 
        program.

SEC. 4004. FOOD DISTRIBUTION PROGRAM ON INDIAN RESERVATIONS.

    (a) In General.--Section 4(b)(6)(F) of the Food and 
Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2013(b)(6)(F)) is amended by 
striking ``2012'' and inserting ``2018''.
    (b) Feasibility Study, Report, and Demonstration Project 
for Indian Tribes.--
            (1) Definitions.--In this subsection:
                    (A) Indian; indian tribe.--The terms 
                ``Indian'' and ``Indian tribe'' have the 
                meaning given the terms in section 4 of the 
                Indian Self-Determination and Education 
                Assistance Act (25 U.S.C. 450b).
                    (B) Tribal organization.--The term ``tribal 
                organization'' has the meaning given the term 
                in section 4 of the Indian Self-Determination 
                and Education Assistance Act (25 U.S.C. 450b).
            (2) Study.--The Secretary shall conduct a study to 
        determine the feasibility of tribal administration of 
        Federal food assistance programs, services, functions, 
        and activities (or portions thereof), in lieu of State 
        agencies or other administrating entities.
            (3) Report.--Not later than 18 months after the 
        date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall 
        submit to the Committee on Agriculture of the House of 
        Representatives and the Committee on Agriculture, 
        Nutrition, and Forestry of the Senate a report that--
                    (A) contains a list of programs, services, 
                functions, and activities with respect to which 
                it would be feasible to be administered by a 
                tribal organization;
                    (B) a description of whether that 
                administration would necessitate a statutory or 
                regulatory change; and
                    (C) such other issues that may be 
                determined by the Secretary and developed 
                through consultation pursuant to paragraph (4).
            (4) Consultation with indian tribes.--In developing 
        the report required by paragraph (3), the Secretary 
        shall consult with tribal organizations.
            (5) Funding.--Out of any funds made available under 
        section 18 for fiscal year 2014, the Secretary shall 
        make available to carry out the study and report 
        described in paragraphs (2) and (3) $1,000,000, to 
        remain available until expended.
            (6) Traditional and local foods demonstration 
        project.--
                    (A) In general.--Subject to the 
                availability of appropriations, the Secretary 
                shall pilot a demonstration project by awarding 
                a grant to 1 or more tribal organizations 
                authorized to administer the food distribution 
                program on Indian reservations under section 
                4(b) of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 
                U.S.C. 2013(b)) for the purpose of purchasing 
                nutritious and traditional foods, and when 
                practicable, foods produced locally by Indian 
                producers, for distribution to recipients of 
                foods distributed under that program.
                    (B) Administration.--The Secretary may 
                award a grant on a noncompetitive basis to 1 or 
                more tribal organizations that have the 
                administrative and financial capability to 
                conduct a demonstration project, as determined 
                by the Secretary.
                    (C) Consultation, technical assistance, and 
                training.--During the implementation phase of 
                the demonstration project, the Secretary shall 
                consult with Indian tribes and provide outreach 
                to Indian farmers, ranchers, and producers 
                regarding the training and capacity to 
                participate in the demonstration project.
                    (D) Funding.--
                            (i) Authorization of 
                        appropriations.--There is authorized to 
                        be appropriated to carry out this 
                        section $2,000,000 for each of fiscal 
                        years 2014 through 2018.
                            (ii) Relationship to other 
                        authorities.--The funds and authorities 
                        provided under this subparagraph are in 
                        addition to any other funds or 
                        authorities the Secretary may have to 
                        carry out activities described in this 
                        paragraph.

SEC. 4005. EXCLUSION OF MEDICAL MARIJUANA FROM EXCESS MEDICAL EXPENSE 
                    DEDUCTION.

    Section 5(e)(5) of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 
U.S.C. 2014(e)(5)) is amended by adding at the end the 
following:
                    ``(C) Exclusion of medical marijuana.--The 
                Secretary shall promulgate rules to ensure that 
                medical marijuana is not treated as a medical 
                expense for purposes of this paragraph.''.

SEC. 4006. STANDARD UTILITY ALLOWANCES BASED ON THE RECEIPT OF ENERGY 
                    ASSISTANCE PAYMENTS.

    (a) Standard Utility Allowances in the Supplemental 
Nutrition Assistance Program.--Section 5(e)(6)(C) of the Food 
and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2014(e)(6)(C)) is amended--
            (1) in clause (i), by inserting ``, subject to 
        clause (iv)'' after ``Secretary''; and
            (2) in clause (iv), by striking subclause (I) and 
        inserting the following:
                                    ``(I) In general.--Subject 
                                to subclause (II), if a State 
                                agency elects to use a standard 
                                utility allowance that reflects 
                                heating and cooling costs, the 
                                standard utility allowance 
                                shall be made available to 
                                households that received a 
                                payment, or on behalf of which 
                                a payment was made, under the 
                                Low-Income Home Energy 
                                Assistance Act of 1981 (42 
                                U.S.C. 8621 et seq.) or other 
                                similar energy assistance 
                                program, if in the current 
                                month or in the immediately 
                                preceding 12 months, the 
                                household either received such 
                                a payment, or such a payment 
                                was made on behalf of the 
                                household, that was greater 
                                than $20 annually, as 
                                determined by the Secretary.''.
    (b) Conforming Amendment.--Section 2605(f)(2)(A) of the 
Low-Income Home Energy Assistance Act of 1981 (42 U.S.C. 
8624(f)(2)(A)) is amended by inserting before the semicolon the 
following: ``, except that, for purposes of the supplemental 
nutrition assistance program established under the Food and 
Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2011 et seq.), such payments or 
allowances were greater than $20 annually, consistent with 
section 5(e)(6)(C)(iv)(I) of that Act (7 U.S.C. 
2014(e)(6)(C)(iv)(I)), as determined by the Secretary of 
Agriculture''.
    (c) Application and Implementation.--
            (1) In general.--Except as provided in paragraph 
        (2), this section and the amendments made by this 
        section shall--
                    (A) take effect 30 days after the date of 
                enactment of this Act; and
                    (B) apply with respect to certification 
                periods that begin after that date.
            (2) State option to delay implementation for 
        current recipients.--A State may, at the option of the 
        State, implement a policy that eliminates or reduces 
        the effect of the amendments made by this section on 
        households that received a standard utility allowance 
        as of the date of enactment of this Act, for not more 
        than a 5-month period beginning on the date on which 
        the amendments would otherwise apply to the respective 
        household.

SEC. 4007. ELIGIBILITY DISQUALIFICATIONS.

    Section 6(e)(3)(B) of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 
U.S.C. 2015(e)(3)(B)) is amended by striking ``section;'' and 
inserting the following:
                    ``section, subject to the condition that 
                the course or program of study--
                            ``(i) is part of a program of 
                        career and technical education (as 
                        defined in section 3 of the Carl D. 
                        Perkins Career and Technical Education 
                        Act of 2006 (20 U.S.C. 2302)) that may 
                        be completed in not more than 4 years 
                        at an institution of higher education 
                        (as defined in section 102 of the 
                        Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 
                        1002)); or
                            ``(ii) is limited to remedial 
                        courses, basic adult education, 
                        literacy, or English as a second 
                        language;''.

SEC. 4008. ELIGIBILITY DISQUALIFICATIONS FOR CERTAIN CONVICTED FELONS.

    (a) In General.--Section 6 of the Food and Nutrition Act of 
2008 (7 U.S.C. 2015) is amended by adding at the end the 
following:
    ``(r) Disqualification for Certain Convicted Felons.--
            ``(1) In general.--An individual shall not be 
        eligible for benefits under this Act if--
                    ``(A) the individual is convicted of--
                            ``(i) aggravated sexual abuse under 
                        section 2241 of title 18, United States 
                        Code;
                            ``(ii) murder under section 1111 of 
                        title 18, United States Code;
                            ``(iii) an offense under chapter 
                        110 of title 18, United States Code;
                            ``(iv) a Federal or State offense 
                        involving sexual assault, as defined in 
                        40002(a) of the Violence Against Women 
                        Act of 1994 (42 U.S.C. 13925(a)); or
                            ``(v) an offense under State law 
                        determined by the Attorney General to 
                        be substantially similar to an offense 
                        described in clause (i), (ii), or 
                        (iii); and
                    ``(B) the individual is not in compliance 
                with the terms of the sentence of the 
                individual or the restrictions under subsection 
                (k).
            ``(2) Effects on assistance and benefits for 
        others.--The amount of benefits otherwise required to 
        be provided to an eligible household under this Act 
        shall be determined by considering the individual to 
        whom paragraph (1) applies not to be a member of the 
        household, except that the income and resources of the 
        individual shall be considered to be income and 
        resources of the household.
            ``(3) Enforcement.--Each State shall require each 
        individual applying for benefits under this Act to 
        attest to whether the individual, or any member of the 
        household of the individual, has been convicted of a 
        crime described in paragraph (1).''.
    (b) Conforming Amendment.--Section 5(a) of the Food and 
Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2014(a)) is amended in the 
second sentence by striking ``sections 6(b), 6(d)(2), and 
6(g)'' and inserting ``subsections (b), (d)(2), (g), and (r) of 
section 6''.
    (c) Inapplicability to Convictions Occurring on or Before 
Enactment.--The amendments made by this section shall not apply 
to a conviction if the conviction is for conduct occurring on 
or before the date of enactment of this Act.

SEC. 4009. ENDING SUPPLEMENTAL NUTRITION ASSISTANCE PROGRAM BENEFITS 
                    FOR LOTTERY OR GAMBLING WINNERS.

    (a) In General.--Section 6 of the Food and Nutrition Act of 
2008 (7 U.S.C. 2015) (as amended by section 4008) is amended by 
adding at the end the following:
    ``(s) Ineligibility for Benefits Due to Receipt of 
Substantial Lottery or Gambling Winnings.--
            ``(1) In general.--Any household in which a member 
        receives substantial lottery or gambling winnings, as 
        determined by the Secretary, shall lose eligibility for 
        benefits immediately upon receipt of the winnings.
            ``(2) Duration of ineligibility.--A household 
        described in paragraph (1) shall remain ineligible for 
        participation until the household meets the allowable 
        financial resources and income eligibility requirements 
        under subsections (c), (d), (e), (f), (g), (i), (k), 
        (l), (m), and (n) of section 5.
            ``(3) Agreements.--As determined by the Secretary, 
        each State agency, to the maximum extent practicable, 
        shall establish agreements with entities responsible 
        for the regulation or sponsorship of gaming in the 
        State to determine whether individuals participating in 
        the supplemental nutrition assistance program have 
        received substantial lottery or gambling winnings.''.

SEC. 4010. IMPROVING SECURITY OF FOOD ASSISTANCE.

    Section 7(h)(8) of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 
U.S.C. 2016(h)(8)) is amended--
            (1) in the paragraph heading, by striking ``card 
        fee'' and inserting ``of cards'';
            (2) by striking ``A State'' and inserting the 
        following:
                    ``(A) Fees.--A State''; and
            (3) by adding after subparagraph (A) (as so 
        designated) the following:
                    ``(B) Purposeful loss of cards.--
                            ``(i) In general.--Subject to terms 
                        and conditions established by the 
                        Secretary in accordance with clause 
                        (ii), if a household makes excessive 
                        requests for replacement of the 
                        electronic benefit transfer card of the 
                        household, the Secretary may require a 
                        State agency to decline to issue a 
                        replacement card to the household 
                        unless the household, upon request of 
                        the State agency, provides an 
                        explanation for the loss of the card.
                            ``(ii) Requirements.--The terms and 
                        conditions established by the Secretary 
                        shall provide that--
                                    ``(I) the household be 
                                given the opportunity to 
                                provide the requested 
                                explanation and meet the 
                                requirements under this 
                                paragraph promptly;
                                    ``(II) after an excessive 
                                number of lost cards, the head 
                                of the household shall be 
                                required to review program 
                                rights and responsibilities 
                                with State agency personnel 
                                authorized to make 
                                determinations under section 
                                5(a); and
                                    ``(III) any action taken, 
                                including actions required 
                                under section 6(b)(2), other 
                                than the withholding of the 
                                electronic benefit transfer 
                                card until an explanation 
                                described in subclause (I) is 
                                provided, shall be consistent 
                                with the due process 
                                protections under section 6(b) 
                                or 11(e)(10), as appropriate.
                    ``(C) Protecting vulnerable persons.--In 
                implementing this paragraph, a State agency 
                shall act to protect homeless persons, persons 
                with disabilities, victims of crimes, and other 
                vulnerable persons who lose electronic benefit 
                transfer cards but are not intentionally 
                committing fraud.
                    ``(D) Effect on eligibility.--While a State 
                may decline to issue an electronic benefits 
                transfer card until a household satisfies the 
                requirements under this paragraph, nothing in 
                this paragraph shall be considered a denial of, 
                or limitation on, the eligibility for benefits 
                under section 5.''.

SEC. 4011. TECHNOLOGY MODERNIZATION FOR RETAIL FOOD STORES.

    (a) Mobile Technologies.--Section 7(h) of the Food and 
Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2016(h)) (as amended by section 
4030(e)) is amended by adding at the end the following:
            ``(14) Mobile technologies.--
                    ``(A) In general.--Subject to subparagraph 
                (B), the Secretary shall approve retail food 
                stores to redeem benefits through electronic 
                means other than wired point of sale devices 
                for electronic benefit transfer transactions, 
                if the retail food stores--
                            ``(i) establish recipient 
                        protections regarding privacy, ease of 
                        use, access, and support similar to the 
                        protections provided for transactions 
                        made in retail food stores;
                            ``(ii) bear the costs of obtaining, 
                        installing, and maintaining mobile 
                        technologies, including mechanisms 
                        needed to process EBT cards and 
                        transaction fees;
                            ``(iii) demonstrate the foods 
                        purchased with benefits issued under 
                        this section through mobile 
                        technologies are purchased at a price 
                        not higher than the price of the same 
                        food purchased by other methods used by 
                        the retail food store, as determined by 
                        the Secretary;
                            ``(iv) provide adequate 
                        documentation for each authorized 
                        transaction, as determined by the 
                        Secretary; and
                            ``(v) meet other criteria as 
                        established by the Secretary.
                    ``(B) Demonstration project on acceptance 
                of benefits of mobile transactions.--
                            ``(i) In general.--Before 
                        authorizing implementation of 
                        subparagraph (A) in all States, the 
                        Secretary shall pilot the use of mobile 
                        technologies determined by the 
                        Secretary to be appropriate to test the 
                        feasibility and implications for 
                        program integrity, by allowing retail 
                        food stores to accept benefits from 
                        recipients of supplemental nutrition 
                        assistance through mobile transactions.
                            ``(ii) Demonstration projects.--To 
                        be eligible to participate in a 
                        demonstration project under clause (i), 
                        a retail food store shall submit to the 
                        Secretary for approval a plan that 
                        includes--
                                    ``(I) a description of the 
                                technology;
                                    ``(II) the manner by which 
                                the retail food store will 
                                provide proof of the 
                                transaction to households;
                                    ``(III) the provision of 
                                data to the Secretary, 
                                consistent with requirements 
                                established by the Secretary, 
                                in a manner that allows the 
                                Secretary to evaluate the 
                                impact of the demonstration on 
                                participant access, ease of 
                                use, and program integrity; and
                                    ``(IV) such other criteria 
                                as the Secretary may require.
                            ``(iii) Date of completion.--The 
                        demonstration projects under this 
                        subparagraph shall be completed and 
                        final reports submitted to the 
                        Secretary by not later than July 1, 
                        2016.
                    ``(C) Report to congress.--The Secretary 
                shall--
                            ``(i) by not later than January 1, 
                        2017, authorize implementation of 
                        subparagraph (A) in all States, unless 
                        the Secretary makes a finding, based on 
                        the data provided under subparagraph 
                        (B), that implementation in all States 
                        is not in the best interest of the 
                        supplemental nutrition assistance 
                        program; and
                            ``(ii) if the determination made in 
                        clause (i) is not to implement 
                        subparagraph (A) in all States, submit 
                        a report to the Committee on 
                        Agriculture of the House of 
                        Representatives and the Committee on 
                        Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry of 
                        the Senate that includes the basis of 
                        the finding.''.
    (b) Acceptance of Benefits Through On-line Transactions.--
            (1) In general.--Section 7 of the Food and 
        Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2016) is amended by 
        adding at the end the following:
    ``(k) Option To Accept Program Benefits Through On-line 
Transactions.--
            ``(1) In general.--Subject to paragraph (4), the 
        Secretary shall approve retail food stores to accept 
        benefits from recipients of supplemental nutrition 
        assistance through on-line transactions.
            ``(2) Requirements to accept benefits.--A retail 
        food store seeking to accept benefits from recipients 
        of supplemental nutrition assistance through on-line 
        transactions shall--
                    ``(A) establish recipient protections 
                regarding privacy, ease of use, access, and 
                support similar to the protections provided for 
                transactions made in retail food stores;
                    ``(B) ensure benefits are not used to pay 
                delivery, ordering, convenience, or other fees 
                or charges;
                    ``(C) clearly notify participating 
                households at the time a food order is placed--
                            ``(i) of any delivery, ordering, 
                        convenience, or other fee or charge 
                        associated with the food purchase; and
                            ``(ii) that any such fee cannot be 
                        paid with benefits provided under this 
                        Act;
                    ``(D) ensure the security of on-line 
                transactions by using the most effective 
                technology available that the Secretary 
                considers appropriate and cost-effective and 
                that is comparable to the security of 
                transactions at retail food stores; and
                    ``(E) meet other criteria as established by 
                the Secretary.
            ``(3) State agency action.--Each State agency shall 
        ensure that recipients of supplemental nutrition 
        assistance can use benefits on-line as described in 
        this subsection as appropriate.
            ``(4) Demonstration project on acceptance of 
        benefits through on-line transactions.--
                    ``(A) In general.--Before the Secretary 
                authorizes implementation of paragraph (1) in 
                all States, the Secretary shall carry out a 
                number of demonstration projects as determined 
                by the Secretary to test the feasibility of 
                allowing retail food stores to accept benefits 
                through on-line transactions.
                    ``(B) Demonstration projects.--To be 
                eligible to participate in a demonstration 
                project under subparagraph (A), a retail food 
                store shall submit to the Secretary for 
                approval a plan that includes--
                            ``(i) a method of ensuring that 
                        benefits may be used to purchase only 
                        eligible items under this Act;
                            ``(ii) a description of the method 
                        of educating participant households 
                        about the availability and operation of 
                        on-line purchasing;
                            ``(iii) adequate testing of the on-
                        line purchasing option prior to 
                        implementation;
                            ``(iv) the provision of data as 
                        requested by the Secretary for purposes 
                        of analyzing the impact of the project 
                        on participant access, ease of use, and 
                        program integrity;
                            ``(v) reports on progress, 
                        challenges, and results, as determined 
                        by the Secretary; and
                            ``(vi) such other criteria, 
                        including security criteria, as 
                        established by the Secretary.
                    ``(C) Date of completion.--The 
                demonstration projects under this paragraph 
                shall be completed and final reports submitted 
                to the Secretary by not later than July 1, 
                2016.
            ``(5) Report to congress.--The Secretary shall--
                    ``(A) by not later than January 1, 2017, 
                authorize implementation of paragraph (1) in 
                all States, unless the Secretary makes a 
                finding, based on the data provided under 
                paragraph (4), that implementation in all 
                States is not in the best interest of the 
                supplemental nutrition assistance program; and
                    ``(B) if the determination made in 
                subparagraph (A) is not to implement in all 
                States, submit a report to the Committee on 
                Agriculture of the House of Representatives and 
                the Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, and 
                Forestry of the Senate that includes the basis 
                of the finding.''.
            (2) Conforming amendments.--
                    (A) Section 7(b) of the Food and Nutrition 
                Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2016(b)) is amended by 
                striking ``purchase food in retail food 
                stores'' and inserting ``purchase food from 
                retail food stores''.
                    (B) Section 10 of the Food and Nutrition 
                Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2019) is amended in the 
                first sentence by inserting ``retail food 
                stores authorized to accept and redeem benefits 
                through on-line transactions shall be 
                authorized to accept benefits prior to the 
                delivery of food if the delivery occurs within 
                a reasonable time of the purchase, as 
                determined by the Secretary,'' after ``food so 
                purchased,''.
    (c) Savings Clause.--Nothing in this section or an 
amendment made by this section alters any requirements of the 
Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2011 et seq.) unless 
specifically authorized in this section or an amendment made by 
this section.

SEC. 4012. USE OF BENEFITS FOR PURCHASE OF COMMUNITY-SUPPORTED 
                    AGRICULTURE SHARE.

    Subsection (o)(4) of section 3 of the Food and Nutrition 
Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2012) (as redesignated by section 
4030(a)(4)) is amended by inserting ``, or agricultural 
producers who market agricultural products directly to 
consumers'' after ``such food''.

SEC. 4013. IMPROVED WAGE VERIFICATION USING THE NATIONAL DIRECTORY OF 
                    NEW HIRES.

    Section 11(e) of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 
U.S.C. 2020(e)) is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (3), by inserting ``and after 
        compliance with the requirement specified in paragraph 
        (24)'' after ``section 16(e) of this Act'';
            (2) in paragraph (22), by striking ``and'' at the 
        end;
            (3) in paragraph (23)(C), by striking the period at 
        the end and inserting ``; and''; and
            (4) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(24) that the State agency shall request wage 
        data directly from the National Directory of New Hires 
        established under section 453(i) of the Social Security 
        Act (42 U.S.C. 653(i)) relevant to determining 
        eligibility to receive supplemental nutrition 
        assistance program benefits and determining the correct 
        amount of those benefits at the time of 
        certification.''.

SEC. 4014. RESTAURANT MEALS PROGRAM.

    (a) In General.--Section 11(e) of the Food and Nutrition 
Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2020(e)) (as amended by section 4013) is 
amended--
            (1) in paragraph (23)(C), by striking ``and'' at 
        the end;
            (2) in paragraph (24), by striking the period at 
        the end and inserting ``; and''; and
            (3) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(25) if the State elects to carry out a program 
        to contract with private establishments to offer meals 
        at concessional prices, as described in paragraphs (3), 
        (4), and (9) of section 3(k)--
                    ``(A) the plans of the State agency for 
                operating the program, including--
                            ``(i) documentation of a need that 
                        eligible homeless, elderly, and 
                        disabled clients are underserved in a 
                        particular geographic area;
                            ``(ii) the manner by which the 
                        State agency will limit participation 
                        to only those private establishments 
                        that the State determines necessary to 
                        meet the need identified in clause (i); 
                        and
                            ``(iii) any other conditions the 
                        Secretary may prescribe, such as the 
                        level of security necessary to ensure 
                        that only eligible recipients 
                        participate in the program; and
                    ``(B) a report by the State agency to the 
                Secretary annually, the schedule of which shall 
                be established by the Secretary, that 
                includes--
                            ``(i) the number of households and 
                        individual recipients authorized to 
                        participate in the program, including 
                        any information on whether the 
                        individual recipient is elderly, 
                        disabled, or homeless; and
                            ``(ii) an assessment of whether the 
                        program is meeting an established need, 
                        as documented under subparagraph 
                        (A)(i).''.
    (b) Approval of Retail Food Stores and Wholesale Food 
Concerns.--Section 9 of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 
U.S.C. 2018) (as amended by section 4002(d)(2)) is amended by 
adding at the end the following:
    ``(h) Private Establishments.--
            ``(1) In general.--Subject to paragraph (2), no 
        private establishment that contracts with a State 
        agency to offer meals at concessional prices as 
        described in paragraphs (3), (4), and (9) of section 
        3(k) may be authorized to accept and redeem benefits 
        unless the Secretary determines that the participation 
        of the private establishment is required to meet a 
        documented need in accordance with section 11(e)(25).
            ``(2) Existing contracts.--
                    ``(A) In general.--If, on the day before 
                the date of enactment of this subsection, a 
                State has entered into a contract with a 
                private establishment described in paragraph 
                (1) and the Secretary has not determined that 
                the participation of the private establishment 
                is necessary to meet a documented need in 
                accordance with section 11(e)(25), the 
                Secretary shall allow the operation of the 
                private establishment to continue without that 
                determination of need for a period not to 
                exceed 180 days from the date on which the 
                Secretary establishes determination criteria, 
                by regulation, under section 11(e)(25).
                    ``(B) Justification.--If the Secretary 
                determines to terminate a contract with a 
                private establishment that is in effect on the 
                date of enactment of this subsection, the 
                Secretary shall provide justification to the 
                State in which the private establishment is 
                located for that termination.
            ``(3) Report to congress.--Not later than 90 days 
        after September 30, 2014, and 90 days after the last 
        day of each fiscal year thereafter, the Secretary shall 
        submit to the Committee on Agriculture of the House of 
        Representatives and the Committee on Agriculture, 
        Nutrition, and Forestry of the Senate a report on the 
        effectiveness of a program under this subsection using 
        any information received from States under section 
        11(e)(25) as well as any other information the 
        Secretary may have relating to the manner in which 
        benefits are used.''.
    (c) Conforming Amendments.--Section 3(k) of the Food and 
Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2012(k)) is amended by 
inserting ``subject to section 9(h)'' after ``concessional 
prices'' each place it appears.

SEC. 4015. MANDATING STATE IMMIGRATION VERIFICATION.

    Section 11 of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 
2020) is amended by striking subsection (p) and inserting the 
following:
    ``(p) State Verification Option.--In carrying out the 
supplemental nutrition assistance program, a State agency shall 
be required to use an immigration status verification system 
established under section 1137 of the Social Security Act (42 
U.S.C. 1320b-7), and an income and eligibility verification 
system, in accordance with standards set by the Secretary.''.

SEC. 4016. DATA EXCHANGE STANDARDIZATION FOR IMPROVED INTEROPERABILITY.

    (a) Data Exchange Standardization.--Section 11 of the Food 
and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2020) is amended by adding 
at the end the following:
    ``(v) Data Exchange Standards for Improved 
Interoperability.--
            ``(1) Designation.--The Secretary shall, in 
        consultation with an interagency work group established 
        by the Office of Management and Budget, and considering 
        State government perspectives, designate data exchange 
        standards to govern, under this Act--
                    ``(A) necessary categories of information 
                that State agencies operating related programs 
                are required under applicable law to 
                electronically exchange with another State 
                agency; and
                    ``(B) Federal reporting and data exchange 
                required under applicable law.
            ``(2) Requirements.--The data exchange standards 
        required by paragraph (1) shall, to the maximum extent 
        practicable--
                    ``(A) incorporate a widely accepted, 
                nonproprietary, searchable, computer-readable 
                format, such as the eXtensible Markup Language;
                    ``(B) contain interoperable standards 
                developed and maintained by intergovernmental 
                partnerships, such as the National Information 
                Exchange Model;
                    ``(C) incorporate interoperable standards 
                developed and maintained by Federal entities 
                with authority over contracting and financial 
                assistance;
                    ``(D) be consistent with and implement 
                applicable accounting principles;
                    ``(E) be implemented in a manner that is 
                cost-effective and improves program efficiency 
                and effectiveness; and
                    ``(F) be capable of being continually 
                upgraded as necessary.
            ``(3) Rules of construction.--Nothing in this 
        subsection requires a change to existing data exchange 
        standards for Federal reporting found to be effective 
        and efficient.''.
    (b) Application Date.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than 2 years after the 
        date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall 
        issue a proposed rule to carry out the amendments made 
        by this section.
            (2) Requirements.--The rule shall--
                    (A) identify federally required data 
                exchanges;
                    (B) include specification and timing of 
                exchanges to be standardized;
                    (C) address the factors used in determining 
                whether and when to standardize data exchanges;
                    (D) specify State implementation options; 
                and
                    (E) describe future milestones.

SEC. 4017. PILOT PROJECTS TO IMPROVE FEDERAL-STATE COOPERATION IN 
                    IDENTIFYING AND REDUCING FRAUD IN THE SUPPLEMENTAL 
                    NUTRITION ASSISTANCE PROGRAM.

    Section 12 of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 
2021) is amended by adding at the end the following:
    ``(i) Pilot Projects to Improve Federal-State Cooperation 
in Identifying and Reducing Fraud in the Supplemental Nutrition 
Assistance Program.--
            ``(1) Pilot projects required.--
                    ``(A) In general.--The Secretary shall 
                carry out, under such terms and conditions as 
                are determined by the Secretary, pilot projects 
                to test innovative Federal-State partnerships 
                to identify, investigate, and reduce fraud by 
                retail food stores and wholesale food concerns 
                in the supplemental nutrition assistance 
                program, including allowing States to operate 
                programs to investigate that fraud.
                    ``(B) Requirement.--At least 1 pilot 
                project described in subparagraph (A) shall be 
                carried out in an urban area that is among the 
                10 largest urban areas in the United States 
                (based on population), if--
                            ``(i) the supplemental nutrition 
                        assistance program is separately 
                        administered in the area; and
                            ``(ii) if the administration of the 
                        supplemental nutrition assistance 
                        program in the area complies with the 
                        other applicable requirements of the 
                        program.
            ``(2) Selection criteria.--Pilot projects shall be 
        selected based on criteria the Secretary establishes, 
        which shall include--
                    ``(A) enhancing existing efforts by the 
                Secretary to reduce fraud described in 
                paragraph (1)(A);
                    ``(B) requiring participant States to 
                maintain the overall level of effort of the 
                States at addressing recipient fraud, as 
                determined by the Secretary, prior to 
                participation in the pilot project;
                    ``(C) collaborating with other law 
                enforcement authorities as necessary to carry 
                out an effective pilot project;
                    ``(D) commitment of the participant State 
                agency to follow Federal rules and procedures 
                with respect to investigations described in 
                paragraph (1)(A); and
                    ``(E) the extent to which a State has 
                committed resources to recipient fraud and the 
                relative success of those efforts.
            ``(3) Evaluation.--
                    ``(A) In general.--The Secretary shall 
                evaluate the pilot projects selected under this 
                subsection to measure the impact of the pilot 
                projects.
                    ``(B) Requirements.--The evaluation shall 
                include--
                            ``(i) the impact of each pilot 
                        project on increasing the capacity of 
                        the Secretary to address fraud 
                        described in paragraph (1)(A);
                            ``(ii) the effectiveness of the 
                        pilot projects in identifying, 
                        preventing and reducing fraud described 
                        in paragraph (1)(A); and
                            ``(iii) the cost effectiveness of 
                        the pilot projects.
            ``(4) Report to congress.--Not later than September 
        30, 2017, the Secretary shall submit to the Committee 
        on Agriculture of the House of Representatives and the 
        Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry of 
        the Senate, a report that includes a description of the 
        results of each pilot project, including--
                    ``(A) an evaluation of the impact of the 
                pilot project on fraud described in paragraph 
                (1)(A); and
                    ``(B) the costs associated with the pilot 
                project.
            ``(5) Funding.--Any costs incurred by a State to 
        operate pilot projects under this subsection that are 
        in excess of the amount expended under this Act to 
        identify, investigate, and reduce fraud described in 
        paragraph (1)(A) in the respective State in the 
        previous fiscal year shall not be eligible for Federal 
        reimbursement under this Act.''.

SEC. 4018. PROHIBITING GOVERNMENT-SPONSORED RECRUITMENT ACTIVITIES.

    (a) Administrative Cost-sharing and Quality Control.--
Section 16(a)(4) of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 
U.S.C. 2025(a)(4)) is amended by inserting after ``recruitment 
activities'' the following: ``designed to persuade an 
individual to apply for program benefits or that promote the 
program through television, radio, or billboard 
advertisements''.
    (b) Limitation on Use of Funds Authorized to Be 
Appropriated Under Act.--Section 18 of the Food and Nutrition 
Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2027) is amended by adding at the end the 
following:
    ``(g) Ban on Recruitment and Promotion Activities.--
            ``(1) In general.--Except as provided in paragraph 
        (2), no funds authorized to be appropriated under this 
        Act shall be used by the Secretary for--
                    ``(A) recruitment activities designed to 
                persuade an individual to apply for 
                supplemental nutrition assistance program 
                benefits;
                    ``(B) television, radio, or billboard 
                advertisements that are designed to promote 
                supplemental nutrition assistance program 
                benefits and enrollment; or
                    ``(C) any agreements with foreign 
                governments designed to promote supplemental 
                nutrition assistance program benefits and 
                enrollment.
            ``(2) Limitation.--Paragraph (1)(B) shall not apply 
        to programmatic activities undertaken with respect to 
        benefits made under section 5(h).''.
    (c) Ban on Recruitment Activities by Entities That Receive 
Funds.--Section 18 of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 
U.S.C. 2027) (as amended by subsection (b)) is amended by 
adding at the end the following:
    ``(h) Ban on Recruitment by Entities That Receive Funds.--
The Secretary shall issue regulations that prohibit entities 
that receive funds under this Act to compensate any person for 
conducting outreach activities relating to participation in, or 
for recruiting individuals to apply to receive benefits under, 
the supplemental nutrition assistance program, if the amount of 
the compensation would be based on the number of individuals 
who apply to receive the benefits.''.

SEC. 4019. TOLERANCE LEVEL FOR EXCLUDING SMALL ERRORS.

    Section 16(c)(1)(A) of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 
(7 U.S.C. 2025(c)(1)(A)) is amended--
            (1) by striking ``In carrying'' and inserting the 
        following:
                            ``(i) In general.--In carrying''; 
                        and
            (2) by adding at the end the following:
                            ``(ii) Tolerance level for 
                        excluding small errors.--The Secretary 
                        shall set the tolerance level for 
                        excluding small errors for the purposes 
                        of this subsection--
                                    ``(I) for fiscal year 2014, 
                                at an amount not greater than 
                                $37; and
                                    ``(II) for each fiscal year 
                                thereafter, the amount 
                                specified in subclause (I) 
                                adjusted by the percentage by 
                                which the thrifty food plan is 
                                adjusted under section 3(u)(4) 
                                between June 30, 2013, and June 
                                30 of the immediately preceding 
                                fiscal year.''.

SEC. 4020. QUALITY CONTROL STANDARDS.

    (a) In General.--Section 16(c)(1)(D)(i) of the Food and 
Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2025(c)(1)(D)(i)) is amended by 
striking subclause (I).
    (b) Conforming Amendments.--
            (1) Section 13(a)(1) of the Food and Nutrition Act 
        of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2022(a)(1)) is amended in the first 
        sentence by striking ``section 16(c)(1)(D)(i)(III)'' 
        and inserting ``section 16(c)(1)(D)(i)(II)''.
            (2) Section 16(c)(1) of the Food and Nutrition Act 
        of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2025(c)(1)) is amended--
                    (A) in subparagraph (D)--
                            (i) in clause (i)--
                                    (I) by redesignating 
                                subclauses (II) through (IV) as 
                                subclauses (I) through (III), 
                                respectively; and
                                    (II) in subclause (III) (as 
                                so redesignated), by striking 
                                ``through (III)'' and inserting 
                                ``and (II)''; and
                            (ii) in clause (ii), by striking 
                        ``waiver amount or'';
                    (B) in subparagraph (E)(i), by striking 
                ``(D)(i)(III)'' and inserting ``(D)(i)(II)''; 
                and
                    (C) in subparagraph (F), by striking 
                ``(D)(i)(II)'' each place it appears and 
                inserting ``(D)(i)(I)''.

SEC. 4021. PERFORMANCE BONUS PAYMENTS.

    Section 16(d) of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 
U.S.C. 2025(d)) is amended by adding at the end the following:
            ``(5) Use of performance bonus payments.--A State 
        agency may use a performance bonus payment received 
        under this subsection only to carry out the program 
        established under this Act, including investments in--
                    ``(A) technology;
                    ``(B) improvements in administration and 
                distribution; and
                    ``(C) actions to prevent fraud, waste, and 
                abuse.''.

SEC. 4022. PILOT PROJECTS TO REDUCE DEPENDENCY AND INCREASE WORK 
                    REQUIREMENTS AND WORK EFFORT UNDER SUPPLEMENTAL 
                    NUTRITION ASSISTANCE PROGRAM.

    (a) In General.--Section 16(h) of the Food and Nutrition 
Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2025(h)) is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1)--
                    (A) in subparagraph (A)--
                            (i) by striking ``15 months'' and 
                        inserting ``24 months''; and
                            (ii) by striking ``, except that 
                        for fiscal year 2013 and fiscal year 
                        2014, the amount shall be 
                        $79,000,000'';
                    (B) in subparagraph (C)--
                            (i) by striking ``If a State'' and 
                        inserting the following:
                            ``(i) In general.--If a State''; 
                        and
                            (ii) by adding at the end the 
                        following:
                            ``(ii) Timing.--The Secretary shall 
                        collect such information as the 
                        Secretary determines to be necessary 
                        about the expenditures and anticipated 
                        expenditures by the State agencies of 
                        the funds initially allocated to the 
                        State agencies under subparagraph (A) 
                        to make reallocations of unexpended 
                        funds under clause (i) within a 
                        timeframe that allows each State agency 
                        to which funds are reallocated at least 
                        270 days to expend the reallocated 
                        funds.
                            ``(iii) Opportunity.--The Secretary 
                        shall ensure that all State agencies 
                        have an opportunity to obtain 
                        reallocated funds.''; and
                    (C) by adding at the end the following:
                    ``(F) Pilot projects to reduce dependency 
                and increase work requirements and work effort 
                under supplemental nutrition assistance 
                program.--
                            ``(i) Pilot projects required.--
                                    ``(I) In general.--The 
                                Secretary shall carry out pilot 
                                projects under which State 
                                agencies shall enter into 
                                cooperative agreements with the 
                                Secretary to develop and test 
                                methods, including operating 
                                work programs with certain 
                                features comparable to the 
                                program of block grants to 
                                States for temporary assistance 
                                for needy families established 
                                under part A of title IV of the 
                                Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 
                                601 et seq.), for employment 
                                and training programs and 
                                services to raise the number of 
                                work registrants under section 
                                6(d) of this Act who obtain 
                                unsubsidized employment, 
                                increase the earned income of 
                                the registrants, and reduce the 
                                reliance of the registrants on 
                                public assistance, so as to 
                                reduce the need for 
                                supplemental nutrition 
                                assistance benefits.
                                    ``(II) Requirements.--Pilot 
                                projects shall--
                                            ``(aa) meet such 
                                        terms and conditions as 
                                        the Secretary considers 
                                        to be appropriate; and
                                            ``(bb) except as 
                                        otherwise provided in 
                                        this subparagraph, be 
                                        in accordance with the 
                                        requirements of 
                                        sections 6(d) and 20.
                            ``(ii) Selection criteria.--
                                    ``(I) In general.--The 
                                Secretary shall select pilot 
                                projects under this 
                                subparagraph in accordance with 
                                the criteria established under 
                                this clause and additional 
                                criteria established by the 
                                Secretary.
                                    ``(II) Qualifying 
                                criteria.--To be eligible to 
                                participate in a pilot project, 
                                a State agency shall--
                                            ``(aa) agree to 
                                        participate in the 
                                        evaluation described in 
                                        clause (vii), including 
                                        providing evidence that 
                                        the State has a robust 
                                        data collection system 
                                        for program 
                                        administration and 
                                        cooperating to make 
                                        available State data on 
                                        the employment 
                                        activities and post-
                                        participation 
                                        employment, earnings, 
                                        and public benefit 
                                        receipt of participants 
                                        to ensure proper and 
                                        timely evaluation;
                                            ``(bb) commit to 
                                        collaborate with the 
                                        State workforce board 
                                        and other job training 
                                        programs in the State 
                                        and local area; and
                                            ``(cc) commit to 
                                        maintain at least the 
                                        amount of State funding 
                                        for employment and 
                                        training programs and 
                                        services under 
                                        paragraphs (2) and (3) 
                                        and under section 20 as 
                                        the State expended for 
                                        fiscal year 2013.
                                    ``(III) Selection 
                                criteria.--In selecting pilot 
                                projects, the Secretary shall--
                                            ``(aa) consider the 
                                        degree to which the 
                                        pilot project would 
                                        enhance existing 
                                        employment and training 
                                        programs in the State;
                                            ``(bb) consider the 
                                        degree to which the 
                                        pilot project would 
                                        enhance the employment 
                                        and earnings of program 
                                        participants;
                                            ``(cc) consider 
                                        whether there is 
                                        evidence that the pilot 
                                        project could be 
                                        replicated easily by 
                                        other States or 
                                        political subdivisions;
                                            ``(dd) consider 
                                        whether the State 
                                        agency has a 
                                        demonstrated capacity 
                                        to operate high quality 
                                        employment and training 
                                        programs; and
                                            ``(ee) ensure the 
                                        pilot projects, when 
                                        considered as a group, 
                                        test a range of 
                                        strategies, including 
                                        strategies that--
                                            ``(AA) target 
                                        individuals with low 
                                        skills or limited work 
                                        experience, individuals 
                                        subject to the 
                                        requirements under 
                                        section 6(o), and 
                                        individuals who are 
                                        working;
                                            ``(BB) are located 
                                        in a range of 
                                        geographic areas and 
                                        States, including rural 
                                        and urban areas;
                                            ``(CC) emphasize 
                                        education and training, 
                                        rehabilitative services 
                                        for individuals with 
                                        barriers to employment, 
                                        rapid attachment to 
                                        employment, and mixed 
                                        strategies; and
                                            ``(DD) test 
                                        programs that assign 
                                        work registrants to 
                                        mandatory and voluntary 
                                        participation in 
                                        employment and training 
                                        activities.
                            ``(iii) Accountability .--
                                    ``(I) In general.--The 
                                Secretary shall establish and 
                                implement a process to 
                                terminate a pilot project for 
                                which the State has failed to 
                                meet the criteria described in 
                                clause (ii) or other criteria 
                                established by the Secretary.
                                    ``(II) Timing.--The process 
                                shall include a reasonable time 
                                period, not to exceed 180 days, 
                                for State agencies found 
                                noncompliant to correct the 
                                noncompliance.
                            ``(iv) Employment and training 
                        activities.--Allowable programs and 
                        services carried out under this 
                        subparagraph shall include those 
                        programs and services authorized under 
                        this Act and employment and training 
                        activities authorized under the program 
                        of block grants to States for temporary 
                        assistance for needy families 
                        established under part A of title IV of 
                        the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 601 
                        et seq.), including:
                                    ``(I) Employment in the 
                                public or private sector that 
                                is not subsidized by any public 
                                program.
                                    ``(II) Employment in the 
                                private sector for which the 
                                employer receives a subsidy 
                                from public funds to offset all 
                                or a part of the wages and 
                                costs of employing an adult.
                                    ``(III) Employment in the 
                                public sector for which the 
                                employer receives a subsidy 
                                from public funds to offset all 
                                or a part of the wages and 
                                costs of employing an adult.
                                    ``(IV) A work activity 
                                that--
                                            ``(aa) is performed 
                                        in return for public 
                                        benefits;
                                            ``(bb) provides an 
                                        adult with an 
                                        opportunity to acquire 
                                        the general skills, 
                                        knowledge, and work 
                                        habits necessary to 
                                        obtain employment;
                                            ``(cc) is designed 
                                        to improve the 
                                        employability of those 
                                        who cannot find 
                                        unsubsidized 
                                        employment; and
                                            ``(dd) is 
                                        supervised by an 
                                        employer, work site 
                                        sponsor, or other 
                                        responsible party on an 
                                        ongoing basis.
                                    ``(V) Training in the 
                                public or private sector that--
                                            ``(aa) is given to 
                                        a paid employee while 
                                        the employee is engaged 
                                        in productive work; and
                                            ``(bb) provides 
                                        knowledge and skills 
                                        essential to the full 
                                        and adequate 
                                        performance of the job.
                                    ``(VI) Job search, 
                                obtaining employment, or 
                                preparation to seek or obtain 
                                employment, including--
                                            ``(aa) life skills 
                                        training;
                                            ``(bb) substance 
                                        abuse treatment or 
                                        mental health 
                                        treatment, determined 
                                        to be necessary and 
                                        documented by a 
                                        qualified medical, 
                                        substance abuse, or 
                                        mental health 
                                        professional; and
                                            ``(cc) 
                                        rehabilitation 
                                        activities, supervised 
                                        by a public agency or 
                                        other responsible party 
                                        on an ongoing basis.
                                    ``(VII) Structured programs 
                                and embedded activities--
                                            ``(aa) in which 
                                        adults perform work for 
                                        the direct benefit of 
                                        the community under the 
                                        auspices of public or 
                                        nonprofit 
                                        organizations;
                                            ``(bb) that are 
                                        limited to projects 
                                        that serve useful 
                                        community purposes in 
                                        fields such as health, 
                                        social service, 
                                        environmental 
                                        protection, education, 
                                        urban and rural 
                                        redevelopment, welfare, 
                                        recreation, public 
                                        facilities, public 
                                        safety, and child care;
                                            ``(cc) that are 
                                        designed to improve the 
                                        employability of adults 
                                        not otherwise able to 
                                        obtain unsubsidized 
                                        employment;
                                            ``(dd) that are 
                                        supervised on an 
                                        ongoing basis; and
                                            ``(ee) with respect 
                                        to which a State agency 
                                        takes into account, to 
                                        the maximum extent 
                                        practicable, the prior 
                                        training, experience, 
                                        and skills of a 
                                        recipient in making 
                                        appropriate community 
                                        service assignments.
                                    ``(VIII) Career and 
                                technical training programs 
                                that are--
                                            ``(aa) directly 
                                        related to the 
                                        preparation of adults 
                                        for employment in 
                                        current or emerging 
                                        occupations; and
                                            ``(bb) supervised 
                                        on an ongoing basis.
                                    ``(IX) Training or 
                                education for job skills that 
                                are--
                                            ``(aa) required by 
                                        an employer to provide 
                                        an adult with the 
                                        ability to obtain 
                                        employment or to 
                                        advance or adapt to the 
                                        changing demands of the 
                                        workplace; and
                                            ``(bb) supervised 
                                        on an ongoing basis.
                                    ``(X) Education that is--
                                            ``(aa) related to a 
                                        specific occupation, 
                                        job, or job offer; and
                                            ``(bb) supervised 
                                        on an ongoing basis.
                                    ``(XI) In the case of an 
                                adult who has not completed 
                                secondary school or received a 
                                certificate of general 
                                equivalence, regular attendance 
                                that is--
                                            ``(aa) in 
                                        accordance with the 
                                        requirements of the 
                                        secondary school or 
                                        course of study, at a 
                                        secondary school or in 
                                        a course of study 
                                        leading to a 
                                        certificate of general 
                                        equivalence; and
                                            ``(bb) supervised 
                                        on an ongoing basis.
                                    ``(XII) Providing child 
                                care to enable another 
                                recipient of public benefits to 
                                participate in a community 
                                service program that--
                                            ``(aa) does not 
                                        provide compensation 
                                        for the community 
                                        service;
                                            ``(bb) is a 
                                        structured program 
                                        designed to improve the 
                                        employability of adults 
                                        who participate in the 
                                        program; and
                                            ``(cc) is 
                                        supervised on an 
                                        ongoing basis.
                            ``(v) Sanctions.--Subject to clause 
                        (vi), no work registrant shall be 
                        eligible to participate in the 
                        supplemental nutrition assistance 
                        program if the individual refuses 
                        without good cause to participate in an 
                        employment and training program under 
                        this subparagraph, to the extent 
                        required by the State agency.
                            ``(vi) Standards.--
                                    ``(I) In general.--
                                Employment and training 
                                activities under this 
                                subparagraph shall be 
                                considered to be carried out 
                                under section 6(d), including 
                                for the purpose of satisfying 
                                any conditions of participation 
                                and duration of ineligibility.
                                    ``(II) Standards for 
                                certain employment 
                                activities.--The Secretary 
                                shall establish standards for 
                                employment activities described 
                                in subclauses (I), (II), and 
                                (III) of clause (iv) that 
                                ensure that failure to work for 
                                reasons beyond the control of 
                                an individual, such as 
                                involuntary reduction in hours 
                                of employment, shall not result 
                                in ineligibility.
                                    ``(III) Participation in 
                                other programs.--Before 
                                assigning a work registrant to 
                                mandatory employment and 
                                training activities, a State 
                                agency shall--
                                            ``(aa) assess 
                                        whether the work 
                                        registrant is 
                                        participating in 
                                        substantial employment 
                                        and training activities 
                                        outside of the pilot 
                                        project that are 
                                        expected to result in 
                                        the work registrant 
                                        gaining increased 
                                        skills, training, work, 
                                        or experience 
                                        consistent with the 
                                        objectives of the pilot 
                                        project; and
                                            ``(bb) if 
                                        determined to be 
                                        acceptable, count hours 
                                        engaged in the 
                                        activities toward any 
                                        minimum participation 
                                        requirement.
                            ``(vii) Evaluation and reporting.--
                                    ``(I) Independent 
                                evaluation.--
                                            ``(aa) In 
                                        general.--The Secretary 
                                        shall, under such terms 
                                        and conditions as the 
                                        Secretary determines to 
                                        be appropriate, conduct 
                                        for each State agency 
                                        that enters into a 
                                        cooperative agreement 
                                        under clause (i) an 
                                        independent 
                                        longitudinal evaluation 
                                        of each pilot project 
                                        of the State agency 
                                        under this 
                                        subparagraph, with 
                                        results reported not 
                                        less frequently than in 
                                        consecutive 12-month 
                                        increments.
                                            ``(bb) Purpose.--
                                        The purpose of the 
                                        independent evaluation 
                                        shall be to measure the 
                                        impact of employment 
                                        and training programs 
                                        and services provided 
                                        by each State agency 
                                        under the pilot 
                                        projects on the ability 
                                        of adults in each pilot 
                                        project target 
                                        population to find and 
                                        retain employment that 
                                        leads to increased 
                                        household income and 
                                        reduced reliance on 
                                        public assistance, as 
                                        well as other measures 
                                        of household well-
                                        being, compared to what 
                                        would have occurred in 
                                        the absence of the 
                                        pilot project.
                                            ``(cc) 
                                        Methodology.--The 
                                        independent evaluation 
                                        shall use valid 
                                        statistical methods 
                                        that can determine, for 
                                        each pilot project, the 
                                        difference, if any, 
                                        between supplemental 
                                        nutrition assistance 
                                        and other public 
                                        benefit receipt 
                                        expenditures, 
                                        employment, earnings 
                                        and other impacts as 
                                        determined by the 
                                        Secretary--
                                            ``(AA) as a result 
                                        of the employment and 
                                        training programs and 
                                        services provided by 
                                        the State agency under 
                                        the pilot project; as 
                                        compared to
                                            ``(BB) a control 
                                        group that is not 
                                        subject to the 
                                        employment and training 
                                        programs and services 
                                        provided by the State 
                                        agency under the pilot 
                                        project.
                                    ``(II) Reporting.--Not 
                                later than December 31, 2015, 
                                and each December 31 thereafter 
                                until the completion of the 
                                last evaluation under subclause 
                                (I), the Secretary shall submit 
                                to the Committee on Agriculture 
                                of the House of Representatives 
                                and the Committee on 
                                Agriculture, Nutrition, and 
                                Forestry of the Senate and 
                                share broadly, including by 
                                posting on the Internet website 
                                of the Department of 
                                Agriculture, a report that 
                                includes a description of--
                                            ``(aa) the status 
                                        of each pilot project 
                                        carried out under this 
                                        subparagraph;
                                            ``(bb) the results 
                                        of the evaluation 
                                        completed during the 
                                        previous fiscal year;
                                            ``(cc) to the 
                                        maximum extent 
                                        practicable, baseline 
                                        information relevant to 
                                        the stated goals and 
                                        desired outcomes of the 
                                        pilot project;
                                            ``(dd) the 
                                        employment and training 
                                        programs and services 
                                        each State tested under 
                                        the pilot, including--
                                            ``(AA) the system 
                                        of the State for 
                                        assessing the ability 
                                        of work registrants to 
                                        participate in and meet 
                                        the requirements of 
                                        employment and training 
                                        activities and 
                                        assigning work 
                                        registrants to 
                                        appropriate activities; 
                                        and
                                            ``(BB) the 
                                        employment and training 
                                        activities and services 
                                        provided under the 
                                        pilot;
                                            ``(ee) the impact 
                                        of the employment and 
                                        training programs and 
                                        services on appropriate 
                                        employment, income, and 
                                        public benefit receipt 
                                        as well as other 
                                        outcomes among 
                                        households 
                                        participating in the 
                                        pilot project, relative 
                                        to households not 
                                        participating; and
                                            ``(ff) the steps 
                                        and funding necessary 
                                        to incorporate into 
                                        State employment and 
                                        training programs and 
                                        services the components 
                                        of the pilot projects 
                                        that demonstrate 
                                        increased employment 
                                        and earnings.
                            ``(viii) Funding.--
                                    ``(I) In general.--Subject 
                                to subclause (II), from amounts 
                                made available under section 
                                18(a)(1), the Secretary shall 
                                use to carry out this 
                                subparagraph--
                                            ``(aa) for fiscal 
                                        year 2014, $10,000,000; 
                                        and
                                            ``(bb) for fiscal 
                                        year 2015, 
                                        $190,000,000.
                                    ``(II) Limitations.--
                                            ``(aa) In 
                                        general.--The Secretary 
                                        shall not fund more 
                                        than 10 pilot projects 
                                        under this 
                                        subparagraph.
                                            ``(bb) Duration.--
                                        Each pilot project 
                                        shall be in effect for 
                                        not more than 3 years.
                                    ``(III) Availability of 
                                funds.--Funds made available 
                                under subclause (I) shall 
                                remain available through 
                                September 30, 2018.
                            ``(ix) Use of funds.--
                                    ``(I) In general.--Funds 
                                made available under this 
                                subparagraph for pilot projects 
                                shall be used only for--
                                            ``(aa) pilot 
                                        projects that comply 
                                        with this Act;
                                            ``(bb) the program 
                                        and administrative 
                                        costs of carrying out 
                                        the pilot projects;
                                            ``(cc) the costs 
                                        incurred in developing 
                                        systems and providing 
                                        information and data 
                                        for the independent 
                                        evaluations under 
                                        clause (vii); and
                                            ``(dd) the costs of 
                                        the evaluations under 
                                        clause (vii).
                                    ``(II) Maintenance of 
                                effort.--Funds made available 
                                under this subparagraph shall 
                                be used only to supplement, not 
                                to supplant, non-Federal funds 
                                used for existing employment 
                                and training activities or 
                                services.
                                    ``(III) Other funds.--In 
                                carrying out pilot projects, 
                                States may contribute 
                                additional funds obtained from 
                                other sources, including 
                                Federal, State, or private 
                                funds, on the condition that 
                                the use of the contributions is 
                                permissible under Federal 
                                law.''; and
            (2) by striking paragraph (5) and inserting the 
        following:
            ``(5) Monitoring.--
                    ``(A) In general.--The Secretary shall 
                monitor the employment and training programs 
                carried out by State agencies under section 
                6(d)(4) and assess the effectiveness of the 
                programs in--
                            ``(i) preparing members of 
                        households participating in the 
                        supplemental nutrition assistance 
                        program for employment, including the 
                        acquisition of basic skills necessary 
                        for employment; and
                            ``(ii) increasing the number of 
                        household members who obtain and retain 
                        employment subsequent to participation 
                        in the employment and training 
                        programs.
                    ``(B) Reporting measures.--
                            ``(i) In general.--The Secretary, 
                        in consultation with the Secretary of 
                        Labor, shall develop State reporting 
                        measures that identify improvements in 
                        the skills, training, education, or 
                        work experience of members of 
                        households participating in the 
                        supplemental nutrition assistance 
                        program.
                            ``(ii) Requirements.--Measures 
                        shall--
                                    ``(I) be based on common 
                                measures of performance for 
                                Federal workforce training 
                                programs; and
                                    ``(II) include additional 
                                indicators that reflect the 
                                challenges facing the types of 
                                members of households 
                                participating in the 
                                supplemental nutrition 
                                assistance program who 
                                participate in a specific 
                                employment and training 
                                component.
                            ``(iii) State requirements.--The 
                        Secretary shall require that each State 
                        employment and training plan submitted 
                        under section 11(e)(19) identifies 
                        appropriate reporting measures for each 
                        proposed component that serves a 
                        threshold number of participants 
                        determined by the Secretary of at least 
                        100 people a year.
                            ``(iv) Inclusions.--Reporting 
                        measures described in clause (iii) may 
                        include--
                                    ``(I) the percentage and 
                                number of program participants 
                                who received employment and 
                                training services and are in 
                                unsubsidized employment 
                                subsequent to the receipt of 
                                those services;
                                    ``(II) the percentage and 
                                number of program participants 
                                who obtain a recognized 
                                credential, including a 
                                registered apprenticeship, or a 
                                regular secondary school 
                                diploma or its recognized 
                                equivalent, while participating 
                                in, or within 1 year after 
                                receiving, employment and 
                                training services;
                                    ``(III) the percentage and 
                                number of program participants 
                                who are in an education or 
                                training program that is 
                                intended to lead to a 
                                recognized credential, 
                                including a registered 
                                apprenticeship or on-the-job 
                                training program, a regular 
                                secondary school diploma or its 
                                recognized equivalent, or 
                                unsubsidized employment;
                                    ``(IV) subject to terms and 
                                conditions established by the 
                                Secretary, measures developed 
                                by each State agency to assess 
                                the skills acquisition of 
                                employment and training program 
                                participants that reflect the 
                                goals of the specific 
                                employment and training program 
                                components of the State agency, 
                                which may include, at a 
                                minimum--
                                            ``(aa) the 
                                        percentage and number 
                                        of program participants 
                                        who are meeting program 
                                        requirements in each 
                                        component of the 
                                        education and training 
                                        program of the State 
                                        agency;
                                            ``(bb) the 
                                        percentage and number 
                                        of program participants 
                                        who are gaining skills 
                                        likely to lead to 
                                        employment as measured 
                                        through testing, 
                                        quantitative or 
                                        qualitative assessment, 
                                        or other method; and
                                            ``(cc) the 
                                        percentage and number 
                                        of program participants 
                                        who do not comply with 
                                        employment and training 
                                        requirements and who 
                                        are ineligible under 
                                        section 6(b); and
                                    ``(V) other indicators 
                                approved by the Secretary.
                    ``(C) Oversight of state employment and 
                training activities.--The Secretary shall 
                assess State employment and training programs 
                on a periodic basis to ensure--
                            ``(i) compliance with Federal 
                        employment and training program rules 
                        and regulations;
                            ``(ii) that program activities are 
                        appropriate to meet the needs of the 
                        individuals referred by the State 
                        agency to an employment and training 
                        program component;
                            ``(iii) that reporting measures are 
                        appropriate to identify improvements in 
                        skills, training, work and experience 
                        for participants in an employment and 
                        training program component; and
                            ``(iv) for States receiving 
                        additional allocations under paragraph 
                        (1)(E), any information the Secretary 
                        may require to evaluate the compliance 
                        of the State agency with paragraph (1), 
                        which may include--
                                    ``(I) a report for each 
                                fiscal year of the number of 
                                individuals in the State who 
                                meet the conditions of 
                                paragraph (1)(E)(ii), the 
                                number of individuals the State 
                                agency offers a position in a 
                                program described in 
                                subparagraph (B) or (C) of 
                                section 6(o)(2), and the number 
                                who participate in such a 
                                program;
                                    ``(II) a description of the 
                                types of employment and 
                                training programs the State 
                                agency uses to comply with 
                                paragraph (1)(E) and the 
                                availability of those programs 
                                throughout the State; and
                                    ``(III) any additional 
                                information the Secretary 
                                determines to be appropriate.
                    ``(D) State report.--Each State agency 
                shall annually prepare and submit to the 
                Secretary a report on the State employment and 
                training program that includes, using measures 
                identified under subparagraph (B), the numbers 
                of supplemental nutrition assistance program 
                participants who have gained skills, training, 
                work, or experience that will increase the 
                ability of the participants to obtain regular 
                employment.
                    ``(E) Modifications to the state employment 
                and training plan.--Subject to terms and 
                conditions established by the Secretary, if the 
                Secretary determines that the performance of a 
                State agency with respect to employment and 
                training outcomes is inadequate, the Secretary 
                may require the State agency to make 
                modifications to the State employment and 
                training plan to improve the outcomes.
                    ``(F) Periodic evaluation.--Subject to 
                terms and conditions established by the 
                Secretary, not later than October 1, 2016, and 
                not less frequently than once every 5 years 
                thereafter, the Secretary shall conduct a study 
                to review existing practice and research to 
                identify employment and training program 
                components and practices that--
                            ``(i) effectively assist members of 
                        households participating in the 
                        supplemental nutrition assistance 
                        program in gaining skills, training, 
                        work, or experience that will increase 
                        the ability of the participants to 
                        obtain regular employment; and
                            ``(ii) are best integrated with 
                        statewide workforce development 
                        systems.''.
    (b) Conforming Amendments.--
            (1) Section 5 of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 
        (7 U.S.C. 2014) is amended--
                    (A) in subsection (d)(14), by inserting 
                ``or a pilot project under section 
                16(h)(1)(F)'' after ``6(d)(4)(I)'';
                    (B) in subsection (e)(3)(B)(iii), by 
                inserting ``or a pilot project under section 
                16(h)(1)(F)'' after ``6(d)(4)''; and
                    (C) in subsection (g)(3), in the first 
                sentence, by inserting ``or a pilot project 
                under section 16(h)(1)(F)'' after ``6(d)''.
            (2) Section 16(h) of the Food and Nutrition Act of 
        2008 (7 U.S.C. 2025(h)) is amended--
                    (A) in paragraph (3), by inserting ``or a 
                pilot project under paragraph (1)(F)'' after 
                ``6(d)(4)''; and
                    (B) in paragraph (4), by inserting ``or a 
                pilot project under paragraph (1)(F)'' after 
                ``6(d)(4)''.
            (3) Section 17(b)(1)(B)(iv)(III)(hh) of the Food 
        and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 
        2026(b)(1)(B)(iv)(III)(hh)) is amended by inserting 
        ``(h)(1)(F),'' after ``(g),''.
    (c) Application Date.--
            (1) In general.--The amendments made by this 
        section (other than the amendments made by subsection 
        (a)(2)) shall apply beginning on the date of enactment 
        of this Act.
            (2) Process for selecting pilot programs.--
                    (A) In general.--Not later than 180 days 
                after the date of enactment of this Act, the 
                Secretary shall--
                            (i) develop and publish the process 
                        for selecting pilot projects under 
                        section 16(h)(1)(F) of the Food and 
                        Nutrition Act of 2008 (as added by 
                        subsection (a)(1)(C)); and
                            (ii) issue such request for 
                        proposals for the independent 
                        evaluation as is determined appropriate 
                        by the Secretary.
                    (B) Application.--The Secretary shall begin 
                considering proposals not earlier than 90 days 
                after the date on which the Secretary completes 
                the actions described in subparagraph (A).
                    (C) Selection.--Not later than 180 days 
                after the date on which the Secretary completes 
                the actions described in subparagraph (A), the 
                Secretary shall select pilot projects from the 
                applications submitted in response to the 
                request for proposals issued under subparagraph 
                (A).
            (3) Monitoring of employment and training 
        programs.--
                    (A) In general.--Not later than 18 months 
                after the date of enactment of this Act, the 
                Secretary shall issue interim final regulations 
                implementing the amendments made by subsection 
                (a)(2).
                    (B) State action.--States shall include 
                reporting measures required under section 
                16(h)(5) of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 
                (as amended by subsection (a)(2)) in the 
                employment and training plans of the States for 
                the first full fiscal year that begins not 
                earlier than 180 days after the date that the 
                regulations described in subparagraph (A) are 
                published.

SEC. 4023. COOPERATION WITH PROGRAM RESEARCH AND EVALUATION.

    Section 17 of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 
2026) is amended by adding at the end the following:
    ``(l) Cooperation With Program Research and Evaluation.--
Subject to the requirements of this Act, including protections 
under section 11(e)(8), States, State agencies, local agencies, 
institutions, facilities such as data consortiums, and 
contractors participating in programs authorized under this Act 
shall--
            ``(1) cooperate with officials and contractors 
        acting on behalf of the Secretary in the conduct of 
        evaluations and studies under this Act; and
            ``(2) submit information at such time and in such 
        manner as the Secretary may require.''.

SEC. 4024. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

    Section 18(a)(1) of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 
U.S.C. 2027(a)(1)) is amended in the first sentence by striking 
``2012'' and inserting ``2018''.

SEC. 4025. REVIEW, REPORT, AND REGULATION OF CASH NUTRITION ASSISTANCE 
                    PROGRAM BENEFITS PROVIDED IN PUERTO RICO.

    Section 19 of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 
2028) is amended by adding at the end the following:
    ``(e) Review, Report, and Regulation of Cash Nutrition 
Assistance Program Benefits Provided in Puerto Rico.--
            ``(1) Review.--The Secretary, in consultation with 
        the Secretary of Health and Human Services, shall carry 
        out a review of the provision of nutrition assistance 
        in Puerto Rico in the form of cash benefits under this 
        section that shall include--
                    ``(A) an examination of the history of and 
                purpose for distribution of a portion of 
                monthly benefits in the form of cash;
                    ``(B) an examination of current barriers to 
                the redemption of non-cash benefits by current 
                program participants and retailers;
                    ``(C) an examination of current usage of 
                cash benefits for the purchase of non-food and 
                other prohibited items;
                    ``(D) an identification and assessment of 
                potential adverse effects of the 
                discontinuation of a portion of benefits in the 
                form of cash for program participants and 
                retailers; and
                    ``(E) an examination of such other factors 
                as the Secretary determines to be relevant.
            ``(2) Report.--Not later than 18 months after the 
        date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall 
        submit to the Committee on Agriculture of the House of 
        Representatives and the Committee on Agriculture, 
        Nutrition, and Forestry of the Senate, a report that 
        describes the results of the review conducted under 
        this subsection.
            ``(3) Regulation.--
                    ``(A) In general.--Except as provided in 
                subparagraph (B), and notwithstanding the 
                second sentence of subsection (b)(1)(B)(i), the 
                Secretary shall disapprove any plan submitted 
                pursuant to subsection (b)(1)(A)--
                            ``(i) for fiscal year 2017 that 
                        provides for the distribution of more 
                        than 20 percent of the nutrition 
                        assistance benefit of a participant in 
                        the form of cash;
                            ``(ii) for fiscal year 2018 that 
                        provides for the distribution of more 
                        than 15 percent of the nutrition 
                        assistance benefit of a participant in 
                        the form of cash;
                            ``(iii) for fiscal year 2019 that 
                        provides for the distribution of more 
                        than 10 percent of the nutrition 
                        assistance benefit of a participant in 
                        the form of cash;
                            ``(iv) for fiscal year 2020 that 
                        provides for the distribution of more 
                        than 5 percent of the nutrition 
                        assistance benefit of a participant in 
                        the form of cash; and
                            ``(v) for fiscal year 2021 that 
                        provides for the distribution of any 
                        portion of the nutrition assistance 
                        benefit of a participant in the form of 
                        cash.
                    ``(B) Exception.--Notwithstanding 
                subparagraph (A), the Secretary, informed by 
                the report required under paragraph (2), may 
                approve a plan that exempts participants or 
                categories of participants if the Secretary 
                determines that discontinuation of benefits in 
                the form of cash is likely to have significant 
                adverse effects.
            ``(4) Funding.--Out of any funds made available 
        under section 18 for fiscal year 2014, the Secretary 
        shall make available to carry out the review and report 
        described in paragraphs (1) and (2) $1,000,000, to 
        remain available until expended.''.

SEC. 4026. ASSISTANCE FOR COMMUNITY FOOD PROJECTS.

    Section 25 of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 
2034) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1)(B)--
                            (i) in clause (i)--
                                    (I) in subclause (I), by 
                                inserting after ``individuals'' 
                                the following: ``through food 
                                distribution, community 
                                outreach to assist in 
                                participation in Federally 
                                assisted nutrition programs, or 
                                improving access to food as 
                                part of a comprehensive 
                                service;''; and
                                    (II) in subclause (III), by 
                                inserting ``food access,'' 
                                after ``food,''; and
                            (ii) in clause (ii), by striking 
                        subclause (I) and inserting the 
                        following:
                                    ``(I) equipment necessary 
                                for the efficient operation of 
                                a project;''; and
                    (B) by striking paragraphs (2) and (3) and 
                inserting the following:
            ``(2) Gleaner.--The term `gleaner' means an entity 
        that--
                    ``(A) collects edible, surplus food that 
                would be thrown away and distributes the food 
                to agencies or nonprofit organizations that 
                feed the hungry; or
                    ``(B) harvests for free distribution to the 
                needy, or for donation to agencies or nonprofit 
                organizations for ultimate distribution to the 
                needy, an agricultural crop that has been 
                donated by the owner of the crop.
            ``(3) Hunger-free communities goal.--The term 
        `hunger-free communities goal' means any of the 14 
        goals described in House Concurrent Resolution 302, 
        102nd Congress, agreed to October 5, 1992.'';
            (2) in subsection (b)(2)--
                    (A) in subparagraph (A), by striking 
                ``and'' at the end;
                    (B) in subparagraph (B), by striking 
                ``fiscal year 2008 and each fiscal year 
                thereafter.'' and inserting the following: 
                ``each of fiscal years 2008 through 2014; and
                    ``(C) $9,000,000 for fiscal year 2015 and 
                each fiscal year thereafter.'';
            (3) in subsection (c)--
                    (A) in the matter preceding paragraph (1), 
                by striking ``private nonprofit entity'' and 
                inserting ``public food program service 
                provider, a tribal organization, or a private 
                nonprofit entity, including gleaners,'';
                    (B) in paragraph (1)--
                            (i) in subparagraph (A), by 
                        striking ``or'' after the semicolon at 
                        the end;
                            (ii) in subparagraph (B), by 
                        inserting ``or'' after the semicolon at 
                        the end; and
                            (iii) by adding at the end the 
                        following:
                    ``(C) efforts to reduce food insecurity in 
                the community, including food distribution, 
                improving access to services, or coordinating 
                services and programs;'';
                    (C) in paragraph (2), by striking ``and'' 
                after the semicolon at the end;
                    (D) in paragraph (3), by striking the 
                period at the end and inserting ``; and''; and
                    (E) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(4) collaborate with 1 or more local partner 
        organizations to achieve at least 1 hunger-free 
        communities goal.'';
            (4) in subsection (d)--
                    (A) in paragraph (3), by striking ``or'' 
                after the semicolon at the end;
                    (B) in paragraph (4), by striking the 
                period at the end and inserting ``; or''; and
                    (C) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(5) develop new resources and strategies to help 
        reduce food insecurity in the community and prevent 
        food insecurity in the future by--
                    ``(A) developing creative food resources;
                    ``(B) coordinating food services with park 
                and recreation programs and other community-
                based outlets to reduce barriers to access; or
                    ``(C) creating nutrition education programs 
                for at- risk populations to enhance food-
                purchasing and food- preparation skills and to 
                heighten awareness of the connection between 
                diet and health.'';
            (5) in subsection (f)(2), by striking ``3 years'' 
        and inserting ``5 years''; and
            (6) by striking subsections (h) and (i) and 
        inserting the following:
    ``(h) Reports to Congress.--Not later than September 30, 
2014, and each year thereafter, the Secretary shall submit to 
Congress a report that describes each grant made under this 
section, including--
            ``(1) a description of any activity funded;
            ``(2) the degree of success of each activity funded 
        in achieving hunger-free community goals; and
            ``(3) the degree of success in improving the long-
        term capacity of a community to address food and 
        agriculture problems related to hunger or access to 
        healthy food.''.

SEC. 4027. EMERGENCY FOOD ASSISTANCE.

    (a) Purchase of Commodities.--Section 27(a) of the Food and 
Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2036(a)) is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1), by striking ``2008 through 
        2012'' and inserting ``2014 through 2018'';
            (2) in paragraph (2)--
                    (A) in subparagraph (B), by striking 
                ``and'' at the end;
                    (B) in subparagraph (C)--
                            (i) by striking ``2012'' and 
                        inserting ``2018''; and
                            (ii) by striking the period at the 
                        end and inserting a semicolon; and
                    (C) by adding at the end the following:
                    ``(D) for each of fiscal years 2015 through 
                2018, the sum obtained by adding the total 
                dollar amount of commodities specified in 
                subparagraph (C) and--
                            ``(i) for fiscal year 2015, 
                        $50,000,000;
                            ``(ii) for fiscal year 2016, 
                        $40,000,000;
                            ``(iii) for fiscal year 2017, 
                        $20,000,000; and
                            ``(iv) for fiscal year 2018, 
                        $15,000,000; and
                    ``(E) for fiscal year 2019 and each 
                subsequent fiscal year, the total dollar amount 
                of commodities specified in subparagraph 
                (D)(iv) adjusted by the percentage by which the 
                thrifty food plan has been adjusted under 
                section 3(u)(4) to reflect changes between June 
                30, 2017, and June 30 of the immediately 
                preceding fiscal year.''; and
            (3) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(3) Funds availability.--For purposes of the 
        funds described in this subsection, the Secretary 
        shall--
                    ``(A) make the funds available for 2 fiscal 
                years; and
                    ``(B) allow States to carry over unexpended 
                balances to the next fiscal year pursuant to 
                such terms and conditions as are determined by 
                the Secretary.''.
    (b) Emergency Food Program Infrastructure Grants.--Section 
209(d) of the Emergency Food Assistance Act of 1983 (7 U.S.C. 
7511a(d)) is amended by striking ``2012'' and inserting 
``2018''.

SEC. 4028. NUTRITION EDUCATION.

    Section 28(b) of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 
U.S.C. 2036a(b)) is amended by inserting ``and physical 
activity'' after ``healthy food choices''.

SEC. 4029. RETAIL FOOD STORE AND RECIPIENT TRAFFICKING.

    The Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2011 et seq.) 
is amended by adding at the end the following:

``SEC. 29. RETAIL FOOD STORE AND RECIPIENT TRAFFICKING.

    ``(a) Purpose.--The purpose of this section is to provide 
the Department of Agriculture with additional resources to 
prevent trafficking in violation of this Act by strengthening 
recipient and retail food store program integrity.
    ``(b) Use of Funds.--
            ``(1) In general.--Additional funds are provided 
        under this section to supplement the retail food store 
        and recipient integrity activities of the Department.
            ``(2) Information technologies.--The Secretary 
        shall use an appropriate amount of the funds provided 
        under this section to employ information technologies 
        known as data mining and data warehousing and other 
        available information technologies to administer the 
        supplemental nutrition assistance program and enforce 
        regulations promulgated under section 4(c).
    ``(c) Funding.--
            ``(1) Authorization of appropriations.--There is 
        authorized to be appropriated to carry out this section 
        $5,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2014 through 2018.
            ``(2) Mandatory funding.--
                    ``(A) In general.--Out of any funds in the 
                Treasury not otherwise appropriated, the 
                Secretary of the Treasury shall transfer to the 
                Secretary to carry out this section not less 
                than $15,000,000 for fiscal year 2014, to 
                remain available until expended.
                    ``(B) Receipt and acceptance.--The 
                Secretary shall be entitled to receive, shall 
                accept, and shall use to carry out this section 
                the funds transferred under subparagraph (A), 
                without further appropriation.
                    ``(C) Maintenance of funding.--The funding 
                provided under subparagraph (A) shall 
                supplement (and not supplant) other Federal 
                funding for programs carried out under this 
                Act.''.

SEC. 4030. TECHNICAL AND CONFORMING AMENDMENTS.

    (a) Section 3 of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 
U.S.C. 2012) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (g), by striking ``coupon,'' the 
        last place it appears and inserting ``coupon'';
            (2) in subsection (k)(7), by striking ``or are'' 
        and inserting ``and'';
            (3) by striking subsection (l);
            (4) by redesignating subsections (m) through (t) as 
        subsections (l) through (s), respectively; and
            (5) by inserting after subsection (s) (as so 
        redesignated) the following:
    ``(t) `Supplemental nutrition assistance program' means the 
program operated pursuant to this Act.''.
    (b) Section 4(a) of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 
U.S.C. 2013(a)) is amended in the last sentence by striking 
``benefits'' and inserting ``Benefits''.
    (c) Section 5 of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 
U.S.C. 2014) is amended--
            (1) in the last sentence of subsection (i)(2)(D), 
        by striking ``section 13(b)(2)'' and inserting 
        ``section 13(b)''; and
            (2) in subsection (k)(4)(A), by striking 
        ``paragraph (2)(H)'' and inserting ``paragraph 
        (2)(G)''.
    (d) Section 6(d)(4) of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 
(7 U.S.C. 2015(d)(4)) is amended in subparagraphs (B)(vii) and 
(F)(iii) by indenting both clauses appropriately.
    (e) Section 7(h) of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 
U.S.C. 2016(h)) is amended by redesignating the second 
paragraph (12) (relating to interchange fees) as paragraph 
(13).
    (f) Section 9(a) of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 
U.S.C. 2018(a)) is amended by indenting paragraph (3) 
appropriately.
    (g) Section 12 of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 
U.S.C. 2021) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (b)(3)(C), by striking ``civil 
        money penalties'' and inserting ``civil penalties''; 
        and
            (2) in subsection (g)(1), by striking ``(7 U.S.C. 
        1786)'' and inserting ``(42 U.S.C. 1786)''.
    (h) Section 15(b)(1) of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 
(7 U.S.C. 2024(b)(1)) is amended in the first sentence by 
striking ``an benefit'' both places it appears and inserting 
``a benefit''.
    (i) Section 16(a) of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 
U.S.C. 2025(a)) is amended in the proviso following paragraph 
(8) by striking ``as amended.''.
    (j) Section 18(e) of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 
U.S.C. 2027(e)) is amended in the first sentence by striking 
``sections 7(f)'' and inserting ``section 7(f)''.
    (k) Section 22(b)(10)(B)(i) of the Food and Nutrition Act 
of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2031(b)(10)(B)(i)) is amended in the last 
sentence by striking ``Food benefits'' and inserting 
``Benefits''.
    (l) Section 26(f)(3)(C) of the Food and Nutrition Act of 
2008 (7 U.S.C. 2035(f)(3)(C)) is amended by striking 
``subsection'' and inserting ``subsections''.
    (m) Section 27(a)(1) of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 
(7 U.S.C. 2036(a)(1)) is amended by striking ``(Public Law 98-
8; 7 U.S.C. 612c note)'' and inserting ``(7 U.S.C. 7515)''.
    (n) Section 115 of the Personal Responsibility and Work 
Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996 (21 U.S.C. 862a) is 
amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)(2), by striking ``food stamp 
        program (as defined in section 3(l) of the Food Stamp 
        Act of 1977) or any State program carried out under the 
        Food Stamp Act of 1977'' and inserting ``supplemental 
        nutrition assistance program (as defined in section 3 
        of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2012)) 
        or any State program carried out under that Act'';
            (2) in subsection (b)(2)--
                    (A) in the paragraph heading, by striking 
                ``the food stamp act of 1977'' and inserting 
                ``the food and nutrition act of 2008''; and
                    (B) by striking ``food stamp program (as 
                defined in section 3(l) of the Food Stamp Act 
                of 1977), or any State program carried out 
                under the Food Stamp Act of 1977'' and 
                inserting ``supplemental nutrition assistance 
                program (as defined in section 3 of the Food 
                and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2012)), or 
                any State program carried out under that Act''; 
                and
            (3) in subsection (e)(2), by striking ``section 
        3(s) of the Food Stamp Act of 1977, when referring to 
        the food stamp program (as defined in section 3(l) of 
        the Food Stamp Act of 1977) or any State program 
        carried out under the Food Stamp Act of 1977'' and 
        inserting ``section 3 of the Food and Nutrition Act of 
        2008 (7 U.S.C. 2012), when referring to the 
        supplemental nutrition assistance program (as defined 
        in that section) or any State program carried out under 
        that Act''.
    (o) Section 3803(c)(2)(C)(vii) of title 31 of the United 
States Code is amended by striking ``section 3(l)'' and 
inserting ``section 3''.
    (p) Section 453(j)(10) of the Social Security Act (42 
U.S.C. 653(j)(10)) is amended in the paragraph heading by 
striking ``food stamp programs'' and inserting ``supplemental 
nutrition assistance program benefits''.
    (q) Section 1137 of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 
1320b-7)--
            (1) in subsection (a)(5)(B), by striking ``food 
        stamp'' and inserting ``supplemental nutrition 
        assistance''; and
            (2) in subsection (b)(4), by striking ``food stamp 
        program under the Food Stamp Act of 1977'' and 
        inserting ``supplemental nutrition assistance program 
        established under the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 
        U.S.C. 2011 et seq.)''.
    (r) Section 1631(n) of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 
1383) is amended in the subsection heading by striking ``Food 
Stamp'' and inserting ``Supplemental Nutrition Assistance''.
    (s) Section 509 of the Older Americans Act of 1965 (42 
U.S.C. 3056g) is amended in the section heading by striking 
``food stamp programs'' and inserting ``supplemental nutrition 
assistance programs''.
    (t) Section 4(a) of the Agriculture and Consumer Protection 
Act of 1973 (7 U.S.C. 612c note; Public Law 93-86) is amended 
by striking ``Food Stamp Act of 1977'' and inserting ``Food and 
Nutrition Act of 2008''.
    (u) Section 5 of the Agriculture and Consumer Protection 
Act of 1973 (7 U.S.C. 612c note; Public Law 93-86) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (h)(1), by striking ``food 
        stamps'' and inserting ``the supplemental nutrition 
        assistance program'';
            (2) in subsection (i)(1), by striking ``food stamps 
        provided under the Food Stamp Act of 1977'' and 
        inserting ``supplemental nutrition assistance benefits 
        provided under the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008''; 
        and
            (3) in subsection (l)(2)(B), by striking ``Food 
        Stamp Act of 1977'' and inserting ``Food and Nutrition 
        Act of 2008''.
    (v) Section 4115(c)(2)(H) of the Food, Conservation, and 
Energy Act of 2008 (Public Law 110-246; 122 Stat. 1871) is 
amended by striking ``531'' and inserting ``454''.

SEC. 4031. COMMONWEALTH OF THE NORTHERN MARIANA ISLANDS PILOT PROGRAM.

    (a) Study.--
            (1) In general.--Prior to establishing the pilot 
        program under subsection (b), the Secretary shall 
        conduct a study to be completed not later than 2 years 
        after the date of enactment of this Act to assess--
                    (A) the capabilities of the Commonwealth of 
                the Northern Mariana Islands to operate the 
                supplemental nutrition assistance program 
                established under the Food and Nutrition Act of 
                2008 (7 U.S.C. 2011 et seq.) in a similar 
                manner as the program is operated in the States 
                (as defined in section 3 of that Act (7 U.S.C. 
                2012)); and
                    (B) alternative models of the supplemental 
                nutrition assistance program operation and 
                benefit delivery that best meet the nutrition 
                assistance needs of the Commonwealth of the 
                Northern Mariana Islands.
            (2) Scope.--The study conducted under paragraph 
        (1)(A) shall assess the capability of the Commonwealth 
        of the Northern Mariana Islands to fulfill the 
        responsibilities of a State agency (as defined in 
        section 3 of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 
        U.S.C. 2012)), including--
                    (A) extending and limiting participation to 
                eligible households, as required by sections 5 
                and 6 of that Act (7 U.S.C. 2014, 2015);
                    (B) issuing benefits through EBT cards, as 
                required by section 7 of that Act (7 U.S.C. 
                2016);
                    (C) maintaining the integrity of the 
                program, including operation of a quality 
                control system, as required by section 16(c) of 
                that Act (7 U.S.C. 2025(c));
                    (D) implementing work requirements, 
                including operating an employment and training 
                program, as required by section 6(d) of that 
                Act (7 U.S.C. 2015(d)); and
                    (E) paying a share of administrative costs 
                with non-Federal funds, as required by section 
                16(a) of that Act (7 U.S.C. 2016(a)).
    (b) Establishment.--If the Secretary determines that a 
pilot program is feasible, the Secretary shall establish a 
pilot program for the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana 
Islands to operate the supplemental nutrition assistance 
program in the same manner in which the program is operated in 
the States.
    (c) Scope.--The Secretary shall use the information 
obtained from the study conducted under subsection (a) to 
establish the scope of the pilot program established under 
subsection (b).
    (d) Report.--Not later than June 30, 2019, the Secretary 
shall submit to the Committee on Agriculture of the House of 
Representatives and the Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, 
and Forestry of the Senate a report on the pilot program 
carried out under this section, including an analysis of the 
feasibility of operating the supplemental nutrition assistance 
program in the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands in 
the same manner in which the program is operated in the States.
    (e) Funding.--
            (1) Study.--Of the funds made available under 
        section 18(a)(1) of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 
        (7 U.S.C. 2027(a)(1)), the Secretary may use to conduct 
        the study described in subsection (a) not more than 
        $1,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2014 and 2015.
            (2) Pilot program.--
                    (A) In general.--Except as provided in 
                subparagraph (B), of the funds made available 
                under section 18(a)(1) of the Food and 
                Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2027(a)(1)), 
                the Secretary may use to establish and carry 
                out the pilot program under subsection (b), 
                including the Federal costs for providing 
                technical assistance to the Commonwealth of the 
                Northern Mariana Islands, authorizing and 
                monitoring retail food stores, and assessing 
                pilot operations, not more than--
                            (i) $13,500,000 for fiscal year 
                        2016; and
                            (ii) $8,500,000 for each of fiscal 
                        years 2017 and 2018.
                    (B) Exception.--If the Secretary determines 
                that a pilot program described in subsection 
                (b) is not feasible, the Secretary shall 
                provide to the Commonwealth of the Northern 
                Mariana Islands any unspent funds described in 
                subparagraph (A), which shall--
                            (i) be made available for 
                        obligation under the Commonwealth of 
                        the Northern Mariana Islands nutrition 
                        assistance program block grant in 
                        addition to any other funds made 
                        available for that grant; and
                            (ii) remain available until 
                        expended.

SEC. 4032. ANNUAL STATE REPORT ON VERIFICATION OF SNAP PARTICIPATION.

    (a) Annual Report.--Not later than 1 year after the date 
specified by the Secretary during the 180-day period beginning 
on the date of enactment of this Act, and annually thereafter, 
each State agency that carries out the supplemental nutrition 
assistance program established under the Food and Nutrition Act 
of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2011 et seq.) shall submit to the Secretary a 
report containing sufficient information for the Secretary to 
determine whether the State agency has, for the most recently 
concluded fiscal year preceding that annual date, verified that 
the State agency in that fiscal year--
            (1) did not issue benefits to a deceased 
        individual; and
            (2) did not issue benefits to an individual who had 
        been permanently disqualified from receiving benefits.
    (b) Penalty for Noncompliance.--For any fiscal year for 
which a State agency fails to comply with subsection (a), the 
Secretary shall impose a penalty that includes a reduction of 
up to 50 percent of the amount that would be otherwise payable 
to the State agency under section 16(a) of the Food and 
Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2025(a)) with respect to that 
fiscal year.
    (c) Report of Pilot Program to Test Prevention of Duplicate 
Participation.--Not later than 90 days after the completion in 
multiple States of a temporary pilot program to test the 
detection and prevention of duplicate participation by 
beneficiaries of the supplemental nutrition assistance program 
established under the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 
2011 et seq.), the Secretary shall submit to the Committee on 
Agriculture of the House of Representatives and the Committee 
on Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry of the Senate a report 
assessing the feasibility, effectiveness, and cost for the 
expansion of the pilot program nationwide.

SEC. 4033. SERVICE OF TRADITIONAL FOODS IN PUBLIC FACILITIES.

    (a) Purposes.--The purposes of this section are--
            (1) to provide access to traditional foods in food 
        service programs;
            (2) to encourage increased consumption of 
        traditional foods to decrease health disparities among 
        Indians, particularly Alaska Natives; and
            (3) to provide alternative food options for food 
        service programs.
    (b) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) Alaska native.--The term ``Alaska Native'' 
        means a person who is a member of any Native village, 
        Village Corporation, or Regional Corporation (as those 
        terms are defined in section 3 of the Alaska Native 
        Claims Settlement Act (43 U.S.C. 1602)).
            (2) Commissioner.--The term ``Commissioner'' means 
        the Commissioner of Food and Drugs.
            (3) Food service program.--The term ``food service 
        program'' includes--
                    (A) food service at residential child care 
                facilities that have a license from an 
                appropriate State agency;
                    (B) any child nutrition program (as that 
                term is defined in section 25(b) of the Richard 
                B. Russell National School Lunch Act (42 U.S.C. 
                1769f(b));
                    (C) food service at hospitals, clinics, and 
                long-term care facilities; and
                    (D) senior meal programs.
            (4) Indian; indian tribe.--The terms ``Indian'' and 
        ``Indian tribe'' have the meanings given those terms in 
        section 4 of the Indian Self-Determination and 
        Education Assistance Act (25 U.S.C. 450b).
            (5) Traditional food.--
                    (A) In general.--The term ``traditional 
                food'' means food that has traditionally been 
                prepared and consumed by an Indian tribe.
                    (B) Inclusions.--The term ``traditional 
                food'' includes--
                            (i) wild game meat;
                            (ii) fish;
                            (iii) seafood;
                            (iv) marine mammals;
                            (v) plants; and
                            (vi) berries.
            (6) Tribal organization.--The term ``tribal 
        organization'' has the meaning given the term in 
        section 4 of the Indian Self-Determination and 
        Education Assistance Act (25 U.S.C. 450b).
    (c) Program.--The Secretary and the Commissioner shall 
allow the donation to and serving of traditional food through 
food service programs at public facilities and nonprofit 
facilities, including facilities operated by Indian tribes and 
facilities operated by tribal organizations, that primarily 
serve Indians if the operator of the food service program--
            (1) ensures that the food is received whole, 
        gutted, gilled, as quarters, or as a roast, without 
        further processing;
            (2) makes a reasonable determination that--
                    (A) the animal was not diseased;
                    (B) the food was butchered, dressed, 
                transported, and stored to prevent 
                contamination, undesirable microbial growth, or 
                deterioration; and
                    (C) the food will not cause a significant 
                health hazard or potential for human illness;
            (3) carries out any further preparation or 
        processing of the food at a different time or in a 
        different space from the preparation or processing of 
        other food for the applicable program to prevent cross-
        contamination;
            (4) cleans and sanitizes food-contact surfaces of 
        equipment and utensils after processing the traditional 
        food;
            (5) labels donated traditional food with the name 
        of the food;
            (6) stores the traditional food separately from 
        other food for the applicable program, including 
        through storage in a separate freezer or refrigerator 
        or in a separate compartment or shelf in the freezer or 
        refrigerator;
            (7) follows Federal, State, local, county, tribal, 
        or other non-Federal law regarding the safe preparation 
        and service of food in public or nonprofit facilities; 
        and
            (8) follows other such criteria as established by 
        the Secretary and Commissioner.
    (d) Liability.--
            (1) In general.--The United States, an Indian 
        tribe, and a tribal organization shall not be liable in 
        any civil action for any damage, injury, or death 
        caused to any person by the donation to or serving of 
        traditional foods through food service programs.
            (2) Rule of construction.--Nothing in paragraph (1) 
        alters any liability or other obligation of the United 
        States under the Indian Self-Determination and 
        Education Assistance Act (25 U.S.C. 1450 et seq.).

              Subtitle B--Commodity Distribution Programs

SEC. 4101. COMMODITY DISTRIBUTION PROGRAM.

    Section 4(a) of the Agriculture and Consumer Protection Act 
of 1973 (7 U.S.C. 612c note; Public Law 93-86) is amended in 
the first sentence by striking ``2012'' and inserting ``2018''.

SEC. 4102. COMMODITY SUPPLEMENTAL FOOD PROGRAM.

    Section 5 of the Agriculture and Consumer Protection Act of 
1973 (7 U.S.C. 612c note; Public Law 93-86) is amended--
            (1) in paragraphs (1) and (2)(B) of subsection (a), 
        by striking ``2012'' each place it appears and 
        inserting ``2018'';
            (2) in the first sentence of subsection (d)(2), by 
        striking ``2012'' and inserting ``2018'';
            (3) by striking subsection (g) and inserting the 
        following:
    ``(g) Eligibility.--Except as provided in subsection (m), 
the States shall only provide assistance under the commodity 
supplemental food program to low-income persons aged 60 and 
older.''; and
            (4) by adding at the end the following:
    ``(m) Phase-Out.--Notwithstanding any other provision of 
law, an individual who receives assistance under the commodity 
supplemental food program on the day before the date of 
enactment of this subsection shall continue to receive that 
assistance until the date on which the individual is no longer 
eligible for assistance under the eligibility requirements for 
the program in effect on the day before the date of enactment 
of this subsection.''.

SEC. 4103. DISTRIBUTION OF SURPLUS COMMODITIES TO SPECIAL NUTRITION 
                    PROJECTS.

    Section 1114(a)(2)(A) of the Agriculture and Food Act of 
1981 (7 U.S.C. 1431e(2)(A)) is amended in the first sentence by 
striking ``2012'' and inserting ``2018''.

SEC. 4104. PROCESSING OF COMMODITIES.

    (a) In General.--Section 17 of the Commodity Distribution 
Reform Act and WIC Amendments of 1987 (7 U.S.C. 612c note; 
Public Law 100-237) is amended--
            (1) in the section heading, by inserting ``and 
        processing'' after ``donations''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following:
    ``(c) Processing.--
            ``(1) In general.--For any program included under 
        subsection (b), the Secretary may, notwithstanding any 
        other provision of Federal or State law relating to the 
        procurement of goods and services--
                    ``(A) retain title to commodities delivered 
                to a processor, on behalf of a State (including 
                a State distributing agency and a recipient 
                agency), until such time as end products 
                containing the commodities, or similar 
                commodities as approved by the Secretary, are 
                delivered to a State distributing agency or to 
                a recipient agency; and
                    ``(B) promulgate regulations to ensure 
                accountability for commodities provided to a 
                processor for processing into end products, and 
                to facilitate processing of commodities into 
                end products for use by recipient agencies.
            ``(2) Regulations.--The regulations described in 
        paragraph (1)(B) may provide that--
                    ``(A) a processor that receives commodities 
                for processing into end products, or provides a 
                service with respect to the commodities or end 
                products, in accordance with the agreement of 
                the processor with a State distributing agency 
                or a recipient agency, provide to the Secretary 
                a bond or other means of financial assurance to 
                protect the value of the commodities; and
                    ``(B) in the event a processor fails to 
                deliver to a State distributing agency or a 
                recipient agency an end product in conformance 
                with the processing agreement entered into 
                under this Act, the Secretary--
                            ``(i) take action with respect to 
                        the bond or other means of financial 
                        assurance pursuant to regulations 
                        promulgated under this subsection; and
                            ``(ii) distribute any proceeds 
                        obtained by the Secretary to 1 or more 
                        State distributing agencies and 
                        recipient agencies, as determined 
                        appropriate by the Secretary.''.
    (b) Definitions.--Section 18 of the Commodity Distribution 
Reform Act and WIC Amendments of 1987 (7 U.S.C. 612c note; 
Public Law 100-237) is amended by striking paragraphs (1) and 
(2) and inserting the following:
            ``(1) Commodities.--The term `commodities' means 
        agricultural commodities and their products that are 
        donated by the Secretary for use by recipient agencies.
            ``(2) End product.--The term `end product' means a 
        food product that contains processed commodities.''.
    (c) Technical and Conforming Amendments.--Section 3 of the 
Commodity Distribution Reform Act and WIC Amendments of 1987 (7 
U.S.C. 612c note; Public Law 100-237) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)--
                    (A) in paragraph (2), by striking 
                subparagraph (B) and inserting the following:
                    ``(B) the program established under section 
                4(b) of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 
                U.S.C. 2013(b));''; and
                    (B) in paragraph (3)(D), by striking ``the 
                Committee on Education and Labor'' and 
                inserting ``the Committee on Education and the 
                Workforce'';
            (2) in subsection (b)(1)(A)(ii), by striking 
        ``section 32 of the Agricultural Adjustment Act (7 
        U.S.C. 601 et seq.)'' and inserting ``section 32 of the 
        Act of August 24, 1935 (7 U.S.C. 612c)'';
            (3) in subsection (e)(1)(D)(iii), by striking 
        subclause (II) and inserting the following:
                                    ``(II) the program 
                                established under section 4(b) 
                                of the Food and Nutrition Act 
                                of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2013(b));''; 
                                and
            (4) in subsection (k), by striking ``the Committee 
        on Education and Labor'' and inserting ``the Committee 
        on Education and the Workforce''.

                       Subtitle C--Miscellaneous

SEC. 4201. PURCHASE OF FRESH FRUITS AND VEGETABLES FOR DISTRIBUTION TO 
                    SCHOOLS AND SERVICE INSTITUTIONS.

    Section 10603(b) of the Farm Security and Rural Investment 
Act of 2002 (7 U.S.C. 612c-4(b)) is amended by striking 
``2012'' and inserting ``2018''.

SEC. 4202. PILOT PROJECT FOR PROCUREMENT OF UNPROCESSED FRUITS AND 
                    VEGETABLES.

    Section 6 of the Richard B. Russell National School Lunch 
Act (42 U.S.C. 1755) is amended by adding at the end the 
following:
    ``(f) Pilot Project for Procurement of Unprocessed Fruits 
and Vegetables.--
            ``(1) In general.--The Secretary shall conduct a 
        pilot project under which the Secretary shall 
        facilitate the procurement of unprocessed fruits and 
        vegetables in not more than 8 States receiving funds 
        under this Act.
            ``(2) Purpose.--The purpose of the pilot project 
        required by this subsection is to provide selected 
        States flexibility for the procurement of unprocessed 
        fruits and vegetables by permitting each State--
                    ``(A) to utilize multiple suppliers and 
                products established and qualified by the 
                Secretary; and
                    ``(B) to allow geographic preference, if 
                desired, in the procurement of the products 
                under the pilot project.
            ``(3) Selection and participation.--
                    ``(A) In general.--The Secretary shall 
                select States for participation in the pilot 
                project in accordance with criteria established 
                by the Secretary and terms and conditions 
                established for participation.
                    ``(B) Requirement.--The Secretary shall 
                ensure that at least 1 project is located in a 
                State in each of--
                            ``(i) the Pacific Northwest Region;
                            ``(ii) the Northeast Region;
                            ``(iii) the Western Region;
                            ``(iv) the Midwest Region; and
                            ``(v) the Southern Region.
            ``(4) Priority.--In selecting States for 
        participation in the pilot project, the Secretary shall 
        prioritize applications based on--
                    ``(A) the quantity and variety of growers 
                of local fruits and vegetables in the States on 
                a per capita basis;
                    ``(B) the demonstrated commitment of the 
                States to farm-to-school efforts, as evidenced 
                by prior efforts to increase and promote farm-
                to-school programs in the States; and
                    ``(C) whether the States contain a 
                sufficient quantity of local educational 
                agencies, various population sizes, and 
                geographical locations.
            ``(5) Recordkeeping and reporting requirements.--
                    ``(A) Recordkeeping requirement.--States 
                selected to participate in the pilot project, 
                and participating school food authorities 
                within those States, shall keep records of the 
                fruits and vegetables received under the pilot 
                project in such manner and form as requested by 
                the Secretary.
                    ``(B) Reporting requirement.--Each 
                participating State shall submit to the 
                Secretary a report on the success of the pilot 
                project in the State, including information 
                on--
                            ``(i) the quantity and cost of each 
                        type of fruit and vegetable received by 
                        the State under the pilot project; and
                            ``(ii) the benefit provided by 
                        those procurements in conducting school 
                        food service in the State, including 
                        meeting school meal requirements.''.

SEC. 4203. SENIORS FARMERS' MARKET NUTRITION PROGRAM.

    (a) In General.--Section 4402(a) of the Farm Security and 
Rural Investment Act of 2002 (7 U.S.C. 3007(a)) is amended by 
striking ``2012'' and inserting ``2018''.
    (b) Effective Date.--The amendment made by subsection (a) 
takes effect on October 1, 2013.

SEC. 4204. DIETARY GUIDELINES FOR AMERICANS.

    Section 301(a) of the National Nutrition Monitoring and 
Related Research Act of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 5341(a)) is amended by 
adding at the end the following:
            ``(3) Pregnant women and young children.--Not later 
        than the 2020 report and in each report thereafter, the 
        Secretaries shall include national nutritional and 
        dietary information and guidelines for pregnant women 
        and children from birth until the age of 2.''.

SEC. 4205. MULTIAGENCY TASK FORCE.

    Subtitle D of title II of the Department of Agriculture 
Reorganization Act of 1994 (7 U.S.C. 6951 et seq.) is amended 
by adding at the end the following:

``SEC. 242. MULTIAGENCY TASK FORCE.

    ``(a) In General.--The Secretary shall establish, in the 
office of the Under Secretary for Food, Nutrition, and Consumer 
Services, a multiagency task force for the purpose of providing 
coordination and direction for commodity programs.
    ``(b) Composition.--The Task Force shall be composed of at 
least 4 members, including--
            ``(1) a representative from the Food Distribution 
        Division of the Food and Nutrition Service, who shall--
                    ``(A) be appointed by the Under Secretary 
                for Food, Nutrition, and Consumer Services; and
                    ``(B) serve as Chairperson of the Task 
                Force;
            ``(2) at least 1 representative from the 
        Agricultural Marketing Service, who shall be appointed 
        by the Under Secretary for Marketing and Regulatory 
        Programs;
            ``(3) at least 1 representative from the Farm 
        Services Agency, who shall be appointed by the Under 
        Secretary for Farm and Foreign Agricultural Services; 
        and
            ``(4) at least 1 representative from the Food 
        Safety and Inspection Service, who shall be appointed 
        by the Under Secretary for Food Safety.
    ``(c) Duties.--
            ``(1) In general.--The Task Force shall be 
        responsible for evaluation and monitoring of the 
        commodity programs to ensure that the commodity 
        programs meet the mission of the Department--
                    ``(A) to support the United States farm 
                sector; and
                    ``(B) to contribute to the health and well-
                being of individuals in the United States 
                through the distribution of domestic 
                agricultural products through commodity 
                programs.
            ``(2) Specific duties.--In carrying out paragraph 
        (1), the Task Force shall--
                    ``(A) review and make recommendations 
                regarding the specifications used for the 
                procurement of food commodities;
                    ``(B) review and make recommendations 
                regarding the efficient and effective 
                distribution of food commodities; and
                    ``(C) review and make recommendations 
                regarding the degree to which the quantity, 
                quality, and specifications of procured food 
                commodities align the needs of producers and 
                the preferences of recipient agencies.
    ``(d) Reports.--Not later than 1 year after the date of 
enactment of this section, and annually thereafter, the 
Secretary shall submit to Congress a report that describes, for 
the period covered by the report--
            ``(1) the findings and recommendations of the Task 
        Force; and
            ``(2) policies implemented for the improvement of 
        commodity procurement programs.''.

SEC. 4206. HEALTHY FOOD FINANCING INITIATIVE.

    Subtitle D of title II of the Department of Agriculture 
Reorganization Act of 1994 (7 U.S.C. 6951 et seq.) (as amended 
by section 4205) is amended by adding at the end the following:

``SEC. 243. HEALTHY FOOD FINANCING INITIATIVE.

    ``(a) Purpose.--The purpose of this section is to enhance 
the authorities of the Secretary to support efforts to provide 
access to healthy food by establishing an initiative to improve 
access to healthy foods in underserved areas, to create and 
preserve quality jobs, and to revitalize low-income communities 
by providing loans and grants to eligible fresh, healthy food 
retailers to overcome the higher costs and initial barriers to 
entry in underserved areas.
    ``(b) Definitions.--In this section:
            ``(1) Community development financial 
        institution.--The term `community development financial 
        institution' has the meaning given the term in section 
        103 of the Community Development Banking and Financial 
        Institutions Act of 1994 (12 U.S.C. 4702).
            ``(2) Initiative.--The term `Initiative' means the 
        Healthy Food Financing Initiative established under 
        subsection (c)(1).
            ``(3) National fund manager.--The term `national 
        fund manager' means a community development financial 
        institution that is--
                    ``(A) in existence on the date of enactment 
                of this section; and
                    ``(B) certified by the Community 
                Development Financial Institution Fund of the 
                Department of Treasury to manage the Initiative 
                for purposes of--
                            ``(i) raising private capital;
                            ``(ii) providing financial and 
                        technical assistance to partnerships; 
                        and
                            ``(iii) funding eligible projects 
                        to attract fresh, healthy food 
                        retailers to underserved areas, in 
                        accordance with this section.
            ``(4) Partnership.--The term `partnership' means a 
        regional, State, or local public-private partnership 
        that--
                    ``(A) is organized to improve access to 
                fresh, healthy foods;
                    ``(B) provides financial and technical 
                assistance to eligible projects; and
                    ``(C) meets such other criteria as the 
                Secretary may establish.
            ``(5) Perishable food.--The term `perishable food' 
        means a staple food that is fresh, refrigerated, or 
        frozen.
            ``(6) Quality job.--The term `quality job' means a 
        job that provides wages and other benefits comparable 
        to, or better than, similar positions in existing 
        businesses of similar size in similar local economies.
            ``(7) Staple food.--
                    ``(A) In general.--The term `staple food' 
                means food that is a basic dietary item.
                    ``(B) Inclusions.--The term `staple food' 
                includes--
                            ``(i) bread or cereal;
                            ``(ii) flour;
                            ``(iii) fruits;
                            ``(iv) vegetables;
                            ``(v) meat; and
                            ``(vi) dairy products.
    ``(c) Initiative.--
            ``(1) Establishment.--The Secretary shall establish 
        an initiative to achieve the purpose described in 
        subsection (a) in accordance with this subsection.
            ``(2) Implementation.--
                    ``(A) In general.--
                            ``(i) In general.--In carrying out 
                        the Initiative, the Secretary shall 
                        provide funding to entities with 
                        eligible projects, as described in 
                        subparagraph (B), subject to the 
                        priorities described in subparagraph 
                        (C).
                            ``(ii) Use of funds.--Funds 
                        provided to an entity pursuant to 
                        clause (i) shall be used--
                                    ``(I) to create revolving 
                                loan pools of capital or other 
                                products to provide loans to 
                                finance eligible projects or 
                                partnerships;
                                    ``(II) to provide grants 
                                for eligible projects or 
                                partnerships;
                                    ``(III) to provide 
                                technical assistance to funded 
                                projects and entities seeking 
                                Initiative funding; and
                                    ``(IV) to cover 
                                administrative expenses of the 
                                national fund manager in an 
                                amount not to exceed 10 percent 
                                of the Federal funds provided.
                    ``(B) Eligible projects.--Subject to the 
                approval of the Secretary, the national fund 
                manager shall establish eligibility criteria 
                for projects under the Initiative, which shall 
                include the existence or planned execution of 
                agreements--
                            ``(i) to expand or preserve the 
                        availability of staple foods in 
                        underserved areas with moderate- and 
                        low-income populations by maintaining 
                        or increasing the number of retail 
                        outlets that offer an assortment of 
                        perishable food and staple food items, 
                        as determined by the Secretary, in 
                        those areas; and
                            ``(ii) to accept benefits under the 
                        supplemental nutrition assistance 
                        program established under the Food and 
                        Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2011 et 
                        seq.).
                    ``(C) Priorities.--In carrying out the 
                Initiative, priority shall be given to projects 
                that--
                            ``(i) are located in severely 
                        distressed low-income communities, as 
                        defined by the Community Development 
                        Financial Institutions Fund of the 
                        Department of Treasury; and
                            ``(ii) include 1 or more of the 
                        following characteristics:
                                    ``(I) The project will 
                                create or retain quality jobs 
                                for low-income residents in the 
                                community.
                                    ``(II) The project supports 
                                regional food systems and 
                                locally grown foods, to the 
                                maximum extent practicable.
                                    ``(III) In areas served by 
                                public transit, the project is 
                                accessible by public transit.
                                    ``(IV) The project involves 
                                women- or minority-owned 
                                businesses.
                                    ``(V) The project receives 
                                funding from other sources, 
                                including other Federal 
                                agencies.
                                    ``(VI) The project 
                                otherwise advances the purpose 
                                of this section, as determined 
                                by the Secretary.
    ``(d) Authorization of Appropriations.--There is authorized 
to be appropriated to the Secretary to carry out this section 
$125,000,000, to remain available until expended.''.

SEC. 4207. PURCHASE OF HALAL AND KOSHER FOOD FOR EMERGENCY FOOD 
                    ASSISTANCE PROGRAM.

    Section 202 of the Emergency Food Assistance Act of 1983 (7 
U.S.C. 7502) is amended by adding at the end the following:
    ``(h) Kosher and Halal Food.--As soon as practicable after 
the date of enactment of this subsection, the Secretary shall 
finalize and implement a plan--
            ``(1) to increase the purchase of Kosher and Halal 
        food from food manufacturers with a Kosher or Halal 
        certification to carry out the program established 
        under this Act if the Kosher and Halal food purchased 
        is cost neutral as compared to food that is not from 
        food manufacturers with a Kosher or Halal 
        certification; and
            ``(2) to modify the labeling of the commodities 
        list used to carry out the program in a manner that 
        enables Kosher and Halal distribution entities to 
        identify which commodities to obtain from local food 
        banks.''.

SEC. 4208. FOOD INSECURITY NUTRITION INCENTIVE.

    Section 4405 of the Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 
2008 (7 U.S.C. 7517) is amended to read as follows:

``SEC. 4405. FOOD INSECURITY NUTRITION INCENTIVE.

    ``(a) In General.--In this section:
            ``(1) Eligible entity.--The term `eligible entity' 
        means--
                    ``(A) a nonprofit organization (including 
                an emergency feeding organization);
                    ``(B) an agricultural cooperative;
                    ``(C) a producer network or association;
                    ``(D) a community health organization;
                    ``(E) a public benefit corporation;
                    ``(F) an economic development corporation;
                    ``(G) a farmers' market;
                    ``(H) a community-supported agriculture 
                program;
                    ``(I) a buying club;
                    ``(J) a retail food store participating in 
                the supplemental nutrition assistance program;
                    ``(K) a State, local, or tribal agency; and
                    ``(L) any other entity the Secretary 
                designates.
            ``(2) Emergency feeding organization.--The term 
        `emergency feeding organization' has the meaning given 
        the term in section 201A of the Emergency Food 
        Assistance Act of 1983 (7 U.S.C. 7501).
            ``(3) Supplemental nutrition assistance program.--
        The term `supplemental nutrition assistance program' 
        means the supplemental nutrition assistance program 
        established under the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 
        U.S.C. 2011 et seq.).
    ``(b) Food Insecurity Nutrition Incentive Grants.--
            ``(1) Authorization.--
                    ``(A) In general.--In each of the years 
                specified in subsection (c), the Secretary 
                shall make grants to eligible entities in 
                accordance with paragraph (2).
                    ``(B) Federal share.--The Federal share of 
                the cost of carrying out an activity under this 
                subsection shall not exceed 50 percent of the 
                total cost of the activity.
                    ``(C) Non-federal share.--
                            ``(i) In general.--The non-Federal 
                        share of the cost of an activity under 
                        this subsection may be provided--
                                    ``(I) in cash or in-kind 
                                contributions as determined by 
                                the Secretary, including 
                                facilities, equipment, or 
                                services; and
                                    ``(II) by a State or local 
                                government or a private source.
                            ``(ii) Limitation.--In the case of 
                        a for-profit entity, the non-Federal 
                        share described in clause (i) shall not 
                        include services of an employee, 
                        including salaries paid or expenses 
                        covered by the employer.
            ``(2) Criteria.--
                    ``(A) In general.--For purposes of this 
                subsection, an eligible entity is a 
                governmental agency or nonprofit organization 
                that--
                            ``(i) meets the application 
                        criteria set forth by the Secretary; 
                        and
                            ``(ii) proposes a project that, at 
                        a minimum--
                                    ``(I) has the support of 
                                the State agency;
                                    ``(II) would increase the 
                                purchase of fruits and 
                                vegetables by low-income 
                                consumers participating in the 
                                supplemental nutrition 
                                assistance program by providing 
                                incentives at the point of 
                                purchase;
                                    ``(III) agrees to 
                                participate in the evaluation 
                                described in paragraph (4);
                                    ``(IV) ensures that the 
                                same terms and conditions apply 
                                to purchases made by 
                                individuals with benefits 
                                issued under this Act and 
                                incentives provided for in this 
                                subsection as apply to 
                                purchases made by individuals 
                                who are not members of 
                                households receiving benefits, 
                                such as provided for in section 
                                278.2(b) of title 7, Code of 
                                Federal Regulations (or a 
                                successor regulation); and
                                    ``(V) includes effective 
                                and efficient technologies for 
                                benefit redemption systems that 
                                may be replicated in other 
                                States and communities.
                    ``(B) Priority.--In awarding grants under 
                this section, the Secretary shall give priority 
                to projects that--
                            ``(i) maximize the share of funds 
                        used for direct incentives to 
                        participants;
                            ``(ii) use direct-to-consumer sales 
                        marketing;
                            ``(iii) demonstrate a track record 
                        of designing and implementing 
                        successful nutrition incentive programs 
                        that connect low-income consumers and 
                        agricultural producers;
                            ``(iv) provide locally or 
                        regionally produced fruits and 
                        vegetables;
                            ``(v) are located in underserved 
                        communities; or
                            ``(vi) address other criteria as 
                        established by the Secretary.
            ``(3) Applicability.--
                    ``(A) In general.--The value of any benefit 
                provided to a participant in any activity 
                funded under this subsection shall be treated 
                as supplemental nutrition benefits under 
                section 8(b) of the Food and Nutrition Act of 
                2008 (7 U.S.C. 2017(b)).
                    ``(B) Prohibition on collection of sales 
                taxes.--Each State shall ensure that no State 
                or local tax is collected on a purchase of food 
                under this subsection.
                    ``(C) No limitation on benefits.--A grant 
                made available under this subsection shall not 
                be used to carry out any project that limits 
                the use of benefits under the Food and 
                Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2011 et seq.) 
                or any other Federal nutrition law.
                    ``(D) Household allotment.--Assistance 
                provided under this subsection to households 
                receiving benefits under the supplemental 
                nutrition assistance program shall not--
                            ``(i) be considered part of the 
                        supplemental nutrition assistance 
                        program benefits of the household; or
                            ``(ii) be used in the collection or 
                        disposition of claims under section 13 
                        of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 
                        (7 U.S.C. 2022).
            ``(4) Evaluation.--
                    ``(A) Independent evaluation.--The 
                Secretary shall provide for an independent 
                evaluation of projects selected under this 
                subsection that measures the impact of each 
                project on--
                            ``(i) improving the nutrition and 
                        health status of participating 
                        households receiving incentives under 
                        this subsection; and
                            ``(ii) increasing fruit and 
                        vegetable purchases in participating 
                        households.
                    ``(B) Requirement.--The independent 
                evaluation under subparagraph (A) shall use 
                rigorous methodologies capable of producing 
                scientifically valid information regarding the 
                effectiveness of a project.
                    ``(C) Costs.--The Secretary may use funds 
                not to exceed 10 percent of the funding 
                provided to carry out this section to pay costs 
                associated with administering, monitoring, and 
                evaluating each project.
    ``(c) Funding.--
            ``(1) Authorization of appropriations.--There is 
        authorized to be appropriated to carry out subsection 
        (b) $5,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2014 through 
        2018.
            ``(2) Mandatory funding.--Of the funds of the 
        Commodity Credit Corporation, the Secretary shall use 
        to carry out subsection (b)--
                    ``(A) $35,000,000 for the period of fiscal 
                years 2014 and 2015;
                    ``(B) $20,000,000 for each of fiscal years 
                2016 and 2017; and
                    ``(C) $25,000,000 for fiscal year 2018.''.

SEC. 4209. FOOD AND AGRICULTURE SERVICE LEARNING PROGRAM.

    Title IV of the Agricultural Research, Extension, and 
Education Reform Act of 1998 (7 U.S.C. 7630 et seq.) is amended 
by adding at the end the following:

``SEC. 413. FOOD AND AGRICULTURE SERVICE LEARNING PROGRAM.

    ``(a) In General.--Subject to the availability of 
appropriations under subsection (e), the Secretary, acting 
through the Director of the National Institute of Food and 
Agriculture, and working in consultation with other appropriate 
Federal agencies that oversee national service programs, shall 
administer a competitively awarded food and agriculture service 
learning grant program (referred to in this section as the 
`Program') to increase knowledge of agriculture and improve the 
nutritional health of children.
    ``(b) Purposes.--The purposes of the Program are--
            ``(1) to increase capacity for food, garden, and 
        nutrition education within host organizations or 
        entities and school cafeterias and in the classroom;
            ``(2) to complement and build on the efforts of the 
        farm to school programs implemented under section 18(g) 
        of the Richard B. Russell National School Lunch Act (42 
        U.S.C. 1769(g));
            ``(3) to complement efforts by the Department and 
        school food authorities to implement the school lunch 
        program established under the Richard B. Russell 
        National School Lunch Act (42 U.S.C. 1751 et seq.) and 
        the school breakfast program established by section 4 
        of the Child Nutrition Act of 1966 (42 U.S.C. 1773);
            ``(4) to carry out activities that advance the 
        nutritional health of children and nutrition education 
        in elementary schools and secondary schools (as those 
        terms are defined in section 9101 of the Elementary and 
        Secondary Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 7801)); and
            ``(5) to foster higher levels of community 
        engagement and support the expansion of national 
        service and volunteer opportunities.
    ``(c) Grants.--
            ``(1) In general.--In carrying out the Program, the 
        Director of the National Institute of Food and 
        Agriculture shall make competitive grants to eligible 
        entities that carry out the purposes described in 
        paragraphs (1) through (5) of subsection (b).
            ``(2) Priorities.--In making grants under this 
        section, the Secretary may consider projects that are 
        carried out by entities that--
                    ``(A) have a proven track record in 
                carrying out the purposes described in 
                subsection (b);
                    ``(B) work in underserved rural and urban 
                communities;
                    ``(C) teach and engage children in 
                experiential learning about agriculture, 
                gardening, nutrition, cooking, and where food 
                comes from; and
                    ``(D) facilitate a connection between 
                elementary schools and secondary schools and 
                agricultural producers in the local and 
                regional area.
    ``(d) Accountability.--
            ``(1) In general.--The Secretary may require a 
        partner organization or other qualified entity to 
        collect and report any data on the activities carried 
        out under the Program, as determined by the Secretary.
            ``(2) Evaluation.--The Secretary shall--
                    ``(A) conduct regular evaluations of the 
                activities carried out under the Program; and
                    ``(B) submit to the Committee on 
                Agriculture of the House of Representatives and 
                the Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, and 
                Forestry of the Senate a report that includes a 
                description of the results of each evaluation 
                conducted under subparagraph (A).
    ``(e) Funding.--
            ``(1) Authorization of appropriations.--There is 
        authorized to be appropriated to carry out the Program 
        $25,000,000, to remain available until expended.
            ``(2) Administration.--Paragraphs (4), (7), (8), 
        and (11)(B) of subsection (b) of the Competitive, 
        Special, and Facilities Research Grant Act (7 U.S.C. 
        450i(b)) shall apply with respect to the making of a 
        competitive grant under this section.
            ``(3) Maintenance of effort.--Funds made available 
        under paragraph (1) shall be used only to supplement, 
        not to supplant, the amount of Federal funding 
        otherwise expended for nutrition, research, and 
        extension programs of the Department.''.

SEC. 4210. NUTRITION INFORMATION AND AWARENESS PILOT PROGRAM.

    Section 4403 of the Farm Security and Rural Investment Act 
of 2002 (7 U.S.C. 3171 note; Public Law 107-171) is repealed.

SEC. 4211. TERMINATION OF EXISTING AGREEMENT.

    Effective beginning on the date of the enactment of this 
Act, the memorandum of understanding entered into on July 22, 
2004, by the Secretary of Agriculture of the United States 
Department of Agriculture and the Secretary of Foreign Affairs 
of the Republic of Mexico and known as the ``Partnership for 
Nutrition Assistance Initiative'' is null and void.

SEC. 4212. REVIEW OF SOLE-SOURCE CONTRACTS IN FEDERAL NUTRITION 
                    PROGRAMS.

    (a) In General.--The Secretary shall conduct an evaluation 
of sole-source contracts in Federal nutrition programs carried 
out by the Secretary, and the effect the contracts have on 
program participation, program goals, nonprogram consumers, 
retailers, and free market dynamics.
    (b) Report.--Not later than 1 year after the date of 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall submit to the 
Committee on Agriculture of the House of Representatives and 
the Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry of the 
Senate a report that describes the findings of the review 
conducted under subsection (a).

SEC. 4213. PULSE CROP PRODUCTS.

    (a) Purpose.--The purpose of this section is to encourage 
greater awareness and interest in the number and variety of 
pulse crop products available to schoolchildren, as recommended 
by the most recent Dietary Guidelines for Americans published 
under section 301 of the National Nutrition Monitoring and 
Related Research Act of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 5341).
    (b) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) Eligible pulse crop.--The term ``eligible pulse 
        crop'' means dry beans, dry peas, lentils, and 
        chickpeas.
            (2) Pulse crop product.--The term ``pulse crop 
        product'' means a food product derived in whole or in 
        part from an eligible pulse crop.
    (c) Purchase of Pulse Crops and Pulse Crop Products.--In 
addition to the commodities delivered under section 6 of the 
Richard B. Russell National School Lunch Act (42 U.S.C. 1755), 
subject to the availability of appropriations, the Secretary 
shall purchase eligible pulse crops and pulse crop products for 
use in--
            (1) the school lunch program established under the 
        Richard B. Russell National School Lunch Act (42 U.S.C. 
        1751 et seq.); and
            (2) the school breakfast program established by 
        section 4 of the Child Nutrition Act of 1966 (42 U.S.C. 
        1773).
    (d) Evaluation.--Not later than September 30, 2016, the 
Secretary shall conduct an evaluation of the activities 
conducted under subsection (c), including--
            (1) an evaluation of whether children participating 
        in the school lunch and breakfast programs described in 
        subsection (c) increased overall consumption of 
        eligible pulse crops as a result of the activities;
            (2) an evaluation of which eligible pulse crops and 
        pulse crop products are most acceptable for use in the 
        school lunch and breakfast programs;
            (3) any recommendations of the Secretary regarding 
        the integration of the use of pulse crop products in 
        carrying out the school lunch and breakfast programs;
            (4) an evaluation of any change in the nutrient 
        composition in the school lunch and breakfast programs 
        due to the activities; and
            (5) an evaluation of any other outcomes determined 
        to be appropriate by the Secretary.
    (e) Report.--As soon as practicable after the completion of 
the evaluation under subsection (d), the Secretary shall submit 
to the Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry of the 
Senate and the Committee on Education and the Workforce of the 
House of Representative a report describing the results of the 
evaluation.
    (f) Authorization of Appropriations.--There is authorized 
to be appropriated to carry out this section $10,000,000, to 
remain available until expended.

SEC. 4214. PILOT PROJECT FOR CANNED, FROZEN, OR DRIED FRUITS AND 
                    VEGETABLES.

    (a) In General.--Subject to subsection (b), in the 2014-
2015 school year, the Secretary shall carry out a pilot project 
in schools participating in the Fresh Fruit and Vegetable 
Program under section 19 of the Richard B. Russell National 
School Lunch Act (42 U.S.C. 1769a) (referred to in this section 
as the ``Program''), in not less than 5 States, to evaluate the 
impact of allowing schools to offer canned, frozen, or dried 
fruits and vegetables as part of the Program.
    (b) Requirements.--Not later than 60 days after the date of 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall establish criteria 
for the conditions under which canned, frozen, or dried fruits 
and vegetables may be offered, which shall be in accordance 
with the most recent Dietary Guidelines for Americans published 
under section 301 of the National Nutrition Monitoring and 
Related Research Act of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 5341).
    (c) Evaluation.--With respect to the pilot project, the 
Secretary shall evaluate--
            (1) the impacts on fruit and vegetable consumption 
        at the schools participating in the pilot project;
            (2) the impacts of the pilot project on school 
        participation in the Program and operation of the 
        Program;
            (3) the implementation strategies used by the 
        schools participating in the pilot project;
            (4) the acceptance of the pilot project by key 
        stakeholders; and
            (5) such other outcomes as are determined by the 
        Secretary.
    (d) Reports.--
            (1) Interim report.--Not later than January 1, 
        2015, the Secretary shall submit to the Committee on 
        Education and Workforce of the House of Representatives 
        and the Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, and 
        Forestry of the Senate a report that describes the 
        results of the evaluation under subsection (c).
            (2) Final report .--On completion of the pilot 
        project, the Secretary shall submit to the Committee on 
        Education and Workforce of the House of Representatives 
        and the Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, and 
        Forestry of the Senate a report that describes the 
        results of the evaluation under subsection (c).
    (e) Notice of Availability.--As soon as practicable after 
the date on which the Secretary establishes the criteria for 
the pilot project under subsection (b), the Secretary shall 
notify potentially eligible schools of the potential 
eligibility of the schools for participation in the pilot 
project.
    (f) Relationship to Fresh Fruit and Vegetable Program.--
Nothing in this section permits a school that is not a part of 
the pilot project to offer anything other than fresh fruits and 
vegetables through the Program.
    (g) Funding.--The Secretary shall use $5,000,000 of amounts 
otherwise made available to the Secretary to carry out this 
section.

                            TITLE V--CREDIT

                    Subtitle A--Farm Ownership Loans

SEC. 5001. ELIGIBILITY FOR FARM OWNERSHIP LOANS.

    (a) In General.--Section 302(a) of the Consolidated Farm 
and Rural Development Act (7 U.S.C. 1922(a)) is amended--
            (1) by striking ``(a) In General.--The'' and 
        inserting the following:
    ``(a) In General.--
            ``(1) Eligibility requirements.--The'';
            (2) in the first sentence, by striking ``and 
        limited liability companies'' and inserting ``limited 
        liability companies, and such other legal entities as 
        the Secretary considers appropriate,'';
            (3) in the second sentence, by redesignating 
        paragraphs (1) through (4) as subparagraphs (A) through 
        (D), respectively;
            (4) in each of the second and third sentences, by 
        striking ``and limited liability companies'' each place 
        it appears and inserting ``limited liability companies, 
        and such other legal entities'';
            (5) in the third sentence--
                    (A) by striking ``clause (3)'' and 
                inserting ``subparagraph (C)'';
                    (B) by striking ``clause (4)'' and 
                inserting ``subparagraph (D)''; and
            (6) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(2) Special rules.--
                    ``(A) Eligibility of certain operating-only 
                entities.--An entity that is or will become 
                only the operator of a family farm shall be 
                considered to meet the owner-operator 
                requirements of paragraph (1) if the 
                individuals that are the owners of the family 
                farm own more than 50 percent (or such other 
                percentage as the Secretary determines is 
                appropriate) of the entity.
                    ``(B) Eligibility of certain embedded 
                entities.--An entity that is an owner-operator 
                described in paragraph (1), or an operator 
                described in subparagraph (A) of this paragraph 
                that is owned, in whole or in part, by other 
                entities, shall be considered to meet the 
                direct ownership requirement imposed under 
                paragraph (1) if at least 75 percent of the 
                ownership interests of each embedded entity of 
                the entity is owned directly or indirectly by 
                the individuals that own the family farm.''.
    (b) Direct Farm Ownership Experience Requirement.--Section 
302(b)(1) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural Development Act (7 
U.S.C. 1922(b)(1)) is amended in the matter preceding 
subparagraph (A) by inserting ``or has other acceptable 
experience for a period of time, as determined by the 
Secretary,'' after ``3 years''.
    (c) Conforming Amendments.--
            (1) Section 304(c)(2) of the Consolidated Farm and 
        Rural Development Act (7 U.S.C. 1924(c)(2)) by striking 
        ``paragraphs (1) and (2) of section 302(a)'' and 
        inserting ``subparagraphs (A) and (B) of section 
        302(a)(1)''.
            (2) Section 310D(a) of the Consolidated Farm and 
        Rural Development Act (7 U.S.C. 1934(a)) is amended in 
        the second sentence--
                    (A) by inserting after ``partnership'' the 
                following: ``, or such other legal entities as 
                the Secretary considers appropriate,''; and
                    (B) by striking ``or partners'' each place 
                it appears and inserting ``partners, or 
                owners''.

SEC. 5002. CONSERVATION LOAN AND LOAN GUARANTEE PROGRAM.

    (a) Eligibility.--Section 304(c) of the Consolidated Farm 
and Rural Development Act (7 U.S.C. 1924(c)) is amended by 
striking ``or limited liability companies'' and inserting 
``limited liability companies, or such other legal entities as 
the Secretary considers appropriate''.
    (b) Limitations Applicable to Loan Guarantees.--Section 
304(e) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural Development Act (7 
U.S.C. 1924(e)) is amended by striking ``shall be 75 percent of 
the principal amount of the loan.'' and inserting ``shall be--
            ``(1) 80 percent of the principal amount of the 
        loan; or
            ``(2) in the case of a producer that is a qualified 
        socially disadvantaged farmer or rancher or a beginning 
        farmer or rancher, 90 percent of the principal amount 
        of the loan.''.
    (c) Extension of Program.--Section 304 of the Consolidated 
Farm and Rural Development Act (7 U.S.C. 1924) is amended by 
striking subsection (h) and inserting the following:
    ``(h) Authorization of Appropriations.--There is authorized 
to be appropriated to the Secretary to carry out this section 
$150,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2014 through 2018.''.

SEC. 5003. JOINT FINANCING ARRANGEMENTS.

    Section 307(a)(3) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural 
Development Act (7 U.S.C. 1927(a)(3)) is amended by striking 
subparagraph (D) and inserting the following:
                    ``(D) Joint financing arrangements.--If a 
                direct farm ownership loan is made under this 
                subtitle as part of a joint financing 
                arrangement and the amount of the direct farm 
                ownership loan does not exceed 50 percent of 
                the total principal amount financed under the 
                arrangement, the interest rate on the direct 
                farm ownership loan shall be a rate equal to 
                the greater of--
                            ``(i) the difference between--
                                    ``(I) 2 percent; and
                                    ``(II) the interest rate 
                                for farm ownership loans under 
                                this subtitle; or
                            ``(ii) 2.5 percent.''.

SEC. 5004. ELIMINATION OF MINERAL RIGHTS APPRAISAL REQUIREMENT.

    Section 307 of the Consolidated Farm and Rural Development 
Act (7 U.S.C. 1927) is amended--
            (1) by striking subsection (d); and
            (2) by redesignating subsection (e) as subsection 
        (d).

SEC. 5005. DOWN PAYMENT LOAN PROGRAM.

    (a) In General.--Section 310E(b)(1)(C) of the Consolidated 
Farm and Rural Development Act (7 U.S.C. 1935(b)(1)(C)) is 
amended by striking ``$500,000'' and inserting ``$667,000''.
    (b) Technical Correction.--Section 310E(b) of the 
Consolidated Farm and Rural Development Act (7 U.S.C. 1935(b)) 
is amended by striking paragraph (2) (as added by section 7(a) 
of Public Law 102-554; 106 Stat. 4145).

                      Subtitle B--Operating Loans

SEC. 5101. ELIGIBILITY FOR FARM OPERATING LOANS.

    Section 311(a) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural 
Development Act (7 U.S.C. 1941(a)) is amended--
            (1) by striking ``(a) In General.--The'' and 
        inserting the following:
    ``(a) In General.--
            ``(1) Eligibility requirements.--The'';
            (2) in the first sentence, by striking ``and 
        limited liability companies'' and inserting `` limited 
        liability companies, and such other legal entities as 
        the Secretary considers appropriate,'';
            (3) in the second sentence, by redesignating 
        paragraphs (1) through (4) as subparagraphs (A) through 
        (D), respectively;
            (4) in each of the second and third sentences, by 
        striking ``and limited liability companies'' each place 
        it appears and inserting ``limited liability companies, 
        and such other legal entities'';
            (5) in the third sentence--
                    (A) by striking ``clause (3)'' and 
                inserting ``subparagraph (C)''; and
                    (B) by striking ``clause (4)'' and 
                inserting ``subparagraph (D)''; and
            (6) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(2) Special rule.--An entity that is an operator 
        described in paragraph (1) that is owned, in whole or 
        in part, by other entities, shall be considered to meet 
        the direct ownership requirement imposed under 
        paragraph (1) if at least 75 percent of the ownership 
        interests of each embedded entity of the entity is 
        owned directly or indirectly by the individuals that 
        own the family farm.''.

SEC. 5102. ELIMINATION OF RURAL RESIDENCY REQUIREMENT FOR OPERATING 
                    LOANS TO YOUTH.

    Section 311(b)(1) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural 
Development Act (7 U.S.C. 1941(b)(1)) is amended by striking 
``who are rural residents''.

SEC. 5103. DEFAULTS BY YOUTH LOAN BORROWERS.

    Section 311(b) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural 
Development Act (7 U.S.C. 1941(b)) is amended by adding at the 
end the following:
            ``(5) Equitable considerations for default.--
                    ``(A) Debt forgiveness.--
                            ``(i) In general.--The Secretary 
                        may, on a case-by-case basis, provide 
                        debt forgiveness to a borrower for a 
                        loan made under this subsection if the 
                        borrower was unable to timely repay the 
                        loan due to circumstances beyond the 
                        control of the borrower, as determined 
                        by the Secretary, including any natural 
                        disaster, act of terrorism, or other 
                        man-made disaster that results in an 
                        inordinate level of damage or 
                        disruption severely affecting the 
                        borrower.
                            ``(ii) Eligibility for future 
                        loans.--Notwithstanding any other 
                        provision of law, debt forgiveness 
                        provided under this subparagraph shall 
                        not be used by any Federal agency in 
                        determining the eligibility of the 
                        borrower for any loan made or 
                        guaranteed by the agency.
                    ``(B) Education loans.--Notwithstanding any 
                other provision of law, if a borrower becomes 
                delinquent or is provided with debt forgiveness 
                with respect to a youth loan made under this 
                subsection, the borrower shall not become 
                ineligible, as a result of the delinquency or 
                debt forgiveness, to receive loans and loan 
                guarantees from the Federal Government to pay 
                for education expenses of the borrower.''.

SEC. 5104. TERM LIMITS ON DIRECT OPERATING LOANS.

    Section 311(c) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural 
Development Act (7 U.S.C. 1941(c)) is amended by adding at the 
end the following:
            ``(5) Annual report on term limits on direct 
        operating loans.--
                    ``(A) In general.--The Secretary shall 
                prepare a report annually that describes--
                            ``(i) the status of the direct 
                        operating loan program of the 
                        Department of Agriculture; and
                            ``(ii) the impact of term limits on 
                        direct loan borrowers.
                    ``(B) Demographic information.--
                            ``(i) In general.--The report shall 
                        provide a demographic breakdown, on a 
                        State-by-State basis, of--
                                    ``(I) all direct loan 
                                borrowers; and
                                    ``(II) borrowers that have 
                                reached the eligibility limit 
                                for direct lending programs 
                                during the previous calendar 
                                year.
                            ``(ii) Demographic information.--
                        The available demographic information 
                        shall include, to the maximum extent 
                        practicable, a description of race or 
                        ethnicity, gender, age, type of farm or 
                        ranch, financial classification, number 
                        of years of indebtedness, veteran 
                        status, and other similar information, 
                        as determined by the Secretary.
                    ``(C) Additional content.--In addition to 
                information described in subparagraph (B), the 
                report shall provide--
                            ``(i) a demographic analysis of the 
                        borrowers impacted by term limits;
                            ``(ii) information on the 
                        conditions impacting the direct lending 
                        portfolio of the Department of 
                        Agriculture, including impacts by 
                        region and agriculture sector, and 
                        credit availability within those 
                        regions and sectors;
                            ``(iii) to the maximum extent 
                        practicable, information on the status 
                        of borrower operations impacted by term 
                        limits; and
                            ``(iv) recommendations, if 
                        appropriate, to address any 
                        identifiable unmet credit needs.
                    ``(D) Submission.--The Secretary shall--
                            ``(i) annually submit to the 
                        Committee on Agriculture of the House 
                        of Representatives and the Committee on 
                        Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry of 
                        the Senate a copy of the report; and
                            ``(ii) make the report available to 
                        the public, including posting the 
                        report on the website of the Department 
                        of Agriculture.''.

SEC. 5105. VALUATION OF LOCAL OR REGIONAL CROPS.

    Section 312 of the Consolidated Farm and Rural Development 
Act (7 U.S.C. 1942) is amended by adding at the end the 
following:
    ``(e) Valuation of Local or Regional Crops.--
            ``(1) In general.--The Secretary shall develop ways 
        to determine unit prices (or other appropriate forms of 
        valuation) for crops and other agricultural products, 
        the end use of which is intended to be in locally or 
        regionally produced agricultural food products, to 
        facilitate lending to local and regional food 
        producers.
            ``(2) Price history.--The Secretary shall implement 
        a mechanism for local and regional food producers to 
        establish price history for the crops and other 
        agricultural products produced by local and regional 
        food producers.''.

SEC. 5106. MICROLOANS.

    (a) In General.--Section 313 of the Consolidated Farm and 
Rural Development Act (7 U.S.C. 1943) is amended by adding at 
the end the following:
    ``(c) Microloans.--
            ``(1) In general.--Subject to paragraph (2), the 
        Secretary may establish a program to make or guarantee 
        microloans.
            ``(2) Limitations.--The Secretary shall not make or 
        guarantee a microloan under this subsection that would 
        cause the total principal indebtedness outstanding at 
        any 1 time for microloans made under this title to any 
        1 borrower to exceed $50,000.
            ``(3) Applications.--To the maximum extent 
        practicable, the Secretary shall limit the 
        administrative burdens and streamline the application 
        and approval process for microloans under this 
        subsection.
            ``(4) Cooperative lending pilot projects.--
                    ``(A) In general.--Subject to subparagraph 
                (B), during each of the 2014 through 2018 
                fiscal years, the Secretary may carry out a 
                pilot project to make loans to community 
                development financial institutions, as the 
                Secretary determines appropriate--
                            ``(i) to make or guarantee 
                        microloans consistent with the terms 
                        provided under this subsection; and
                            ``(ii) to provide business, 
                        financial, marketing, and credit 
                        management services to microloan 
                        borrowers.
                    ``(B) Requirements.--Prior to making a loan 
                to an institution described in subparagraph 
                (A), the Secretary shall--
                            ``(i) review and approve--
                                    ``(I) the loan loss reserve 
                                fund for microloans established 
                                by the institution; and
                                    ``(II) the underwriting 
                                standards for microloans of the 
                                institution; and
                            ``(ii) establish such other 
                        requirements for making a loan to the 
                        institution as the Secretary determines 
                        necessary.
                    ``(C) Eligibility.--To be eligible for a 
                loan under subparagraph (A), an institution 
                described in subparagraph (A) shall, as 
                determined by the Secretary--
                            ``(i) have the legal authority 
                        necessary to carry out the actions 
                        described in subparagraph (A);
                            ``(ii) have a proven track record 
                        of successfully assisting agricultural 
                        borrowers; and
                            ``(iii) have the services of a 
                        staff with appropriate loan making and 
                        servicing expertise.
                    ``(D) Oversight.--Not less often than 
                annually, on a date determined by the 
                Secretary, an institution that has a loan under 
                this paragraph shall provide to the Secretary 
                such information as the Secretary may require 
                to ensure that the services provided by the 
                institution are serving the purposes of this 
                subsection.
                    ``(E) Limitation.--The Secretary shall not 
                make more than $10,000,000 in loans under this 
                paragraph in any fiscal year.''.
    (b) Conforming Amendments.--
            (1) Section 311(c) of the Consolidated Farm and 
        Rural Development Act (7 U.S.C. 1941(c)) is amended by 
        striking paragraph (2) and inserting the following:
            ``(2) Definition of direct operating loan.--In this 
        subsection, the term `direct operating loan' does not 
        include--
                    ``(A) a loan made to a youth under 
                subsection (b); or
                    ``(B) a microloan made to a beginning 
                farmer or rancher or a veteran farmer or 
                rancher (as defined in section 2501(e) of the 
                Food, Agriculture, Conservation, and Trade Act 
                of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 2279(e)).''.
            (2) Section 312(a) of the Consolidated Farm and 
        Rural Development Act (7 U.S.C. 1942(a)) is amended in 
        the matter preceding paragraph (1) by inserting 
        ``(including a microloan, as defined by the 
        Secretary)'' after ``A direct loan''.
            (3) Section 316(a)(2) of the Consolidated Farm and 
        Rural Development Act (7 U.S.C. 1946(a)(2)) is amended 
        in the matter preceding subparagraph (A) by inserting 
        ``a microloan to a beginning farmer or rancher or 
        veteran farmer or rancher (as defined in section 
        2501(e) of the Food, Agriculture, Conservation, and 
        Trade Act of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 2279(e)), or'' after ``The 
        interest rate on''.

SEC. 5107. TERM LIMITS ON GUARANTEED OPERATING LOANS.

    Section 319 of the Consolidated Farm and Rural Development 
Act (7 U.S.C. 1949) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a), by striking ``(a) Graduation 
        Plan.--''; and
            (2) by striking subsection (b).

                      Subtitle C--Emergency Loans

SEC. 5201. ELIGIBILITY FOR EMERGENCY LOANS.

    Section 321(a) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural 
Development Act (7 U.S.C. 1961(a)) is amended--
            (1) by striking ``owner-operators (in the case of 
        loans for a purpose under subtitle A) or operators (in 
        the case of loans for a purpose under subtitle B)'' 
        each place it appears and inserting ``(in the case of 
        farm ownership loans in accordance with subtitle A) 
        owner-operators or operators, or (in the case of loans 
        for a purpose under subtitle B) operators'';
            (2) in the first sentence--
                    (A) by inserting ``, or such other legal 
                entities as the Secretary considers 
                appropriate'' after ``limited liability 
                companies'' the first place it appears;
                    (B) by inserting ``, or other legal 
                entities'' after ``limited liability 
                companies'' the second place it appears; and
                    (C) by striking ``and limited liability 
                companies,'' and inserting ``limited liability 
                companies, and such other legal entities'';
            (3) in the second sentence, by striking ``ownership 
        and operator'' and inserting ``ownership or operator''; 
        and
            (4) by adding at the end the following: ``An entity 
        that is an owner-operator or operator described in this 
        subsection shall be considered to meet the direct 
        ownership requirement imposed under this subsection if 
        at least 75 percent of the ownership interests of each 
        embedded entity of the entity is owned directly or 
        indirectly by the individuals that own the family 
        farm.''.

                 Subtitle D--Administrative Provisions

SEC. 5301. BEGINNING FARMER AND RANCHER INDIVIDUAL DEVELOPMENT ACCOUNTS 
                    PILOT PROGRAM.

    Section 333B(h) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural 
Development Act (7 U.S.C. 1983b(h)) is amended by striking 
``2012'' and inserting ``2018''.

SEC. 5302. FARMER LOAN PILOT PROJECTS.

    Subtitle D of the Consolidated Farm and Rural Development 
Act is amended by inserting after section 333C (7 U.S.C. 1983c) 
the following:

``SEC. 333D. FARMER LOAN PILOT PROJECTS.

    ``(a) In General.--The Secretary may conduct pilot projects 
of limited scope and duration that are consistent with subtitle 
A through this subtitle to evaluate processes and techniques 
that may improve the efficiency and effectiveness of the 
programs carried out under subtitle A through this subtitle.
    ``(b) Notification.--The Secretary shall--
            ``(1) not less than 60 days before the date on 
        which the Secretary initiates a pilot project under 
        subsection (a), submit notice of the proposed pilot 
        project to the Committee on Agriculture of the House of 
        Representatives and the Committee on Agriculture, 
        Nutrition, and Forestry of the Senate; and
            ``(2) consider any recommendations or feedback 
        provided to the Secretary in response to the notice 
        provided under paragraph (1).''.

SEC. 5303. DEFINITION OF QUALIFIED BEGINNING FARMER OR RANCHER.

    (a) In General.--Section 343(a)(11) of the Consolidated 
Farm and Rural Development Act (7 U.S.C. 1991(a)(11)) is 
amended in subparagraphs (C) and (D)--
            (1) by striking ``or joint operation,'' each place 
        it appears and inserting ``joint operation, or such 
        other legal entity as the Secretary considers 
        appropriate,'';
            (2) by striking ``or joint operators,'' each place 
        it appears and inserting ``joint operators, or 
        owners,''; and
            (3) in subparagraph (D), by striking ``corporation, 
        has stockholders,'' each place it appears in clauses 
        (i)(II)(bb) and (ii)(II)(bb) and inserting 
        ``cooperative, corporation, partnership, joint 
        operation, or other such legal entity as the Secretary 
        considers appropriate, has members, stockholders, 
        partners, or joint operators,''.
    (b) Modification of Acreage Ownership Limitation.--Section 
343(a)(11)(F) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural Development 
Act (7 U.S.C. 1991(a)(11)(F)) is amended by striking ``median 
acreage'' and inserting ``average acreage''.

SEC. 5304. LOAN AUTHORIZATION LEVELS.

    Section 346(b)(1) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural 
Development Act (7 U.S.C. 1994(b)(1)) is amended in the matter 
preceding subparagraph (A) by striking ``2012'' and inserting 
``2018''.

SEC. 5305. LOAN FUND SET-ASIDES.

    Section 346(b)(2)(A)(ii)(III) of the Consolidated Farm and 
Rural Development Act (7 U.S.C. 1994(b)(2)(A)(ii)(III)) is 
amended--
            (1) by striking ``2012'' and inserting ``2018''; 
        and
            (2) by striking ``of the total amount''.

SEC. 5306. BORROWER TRAINING.

    Section 359(c)(2) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural 
Development Act (7 U.S.C. 2006a(c)(2)) is amended by striking 
``section 302(a)(2) or 311(a)(2)'' and inserting ``section 
302(a)(1)(B) or 311(a)(1)(B)''.

                       Subtitle E--Miscellaneous

SEC. 5401. STATE AGRICULTURAL MEDIATION PROGRAMS.

    Section 506 of the Agricultural Credit Act of 1987 (7 
U.S.C. 5106) is amended by striking ``2015'' and inserting 
``2018''.

SEC. 5402. LOANS TO PURCHASERS OF HIGHLY FRACTIONATED LAND.

    The first section of Public Law 91-229 (25 U.S.C. 488) is 
amended--
            (1) in subsection (a), in the first sentence, by 
        striking ``loans from'' and all that follows through 
        ``1929)'' and inserting ``direct loans in a manner 
        consistent with direct loans pursuant to subtitle D of 
        the Consolidated Farm and Rural Development Act (7 
        U.S.C. 1981 et seq.)''; and
            (2) in subsection (b)(1)--
                    (A) by striking ``pursuant to section 
                205(c) of the Indian Land Consolidation Act (25 
                U.S.C. 2204(c))''; and
                    (B) by inserting ``or to intermediaries in 
                order to establish revolving loan funds for the 
                purchase of highly fractionated land under that 
                section'' before the period at the end.

SEC. 5403. REMOVAL OF DUPLICATIVE APPRAISALS.

    Notwithstanding any other law (including regulations), in 
making loans under the first section of Public Law 91-229 (25 
U.S.C. 488), borrowers who are Indian tribes, members of Indian 
tribes, or tribal corporations shall only be required to obtain 
1 appraisal under an appraisal standard recognized as of the 
date of enactment of this Act by the Secretary or the Secretary 
of the Interior.

SEC. 5404. COMPENSATION DISCLOSURE BY FARM CREDIT SYSTEM INSTITUTIONS.

    (a) Findings.--Congress finds that --
            (1) the reasonable disclosure to stockholders by 
        Farm Credit System institutions regarding the 
        compensation of Farm Credit System institution senior 
        officers is beneficial to stockholders' understanding 
        of the operation of their institutions;
            (2) transparency regarding compensation practices 
        reinforces the cooperative nature of Farm Credit System 
        institutions;
            (3) the unique cooperative structure of the Farm 
        Credit System should be considered when promulgating 
        rules;
            (4) the participation of stockholders in the 
        election of the boards of directors of Farm Credit 
        System institutions provides stockholders the 
        opportunity to participate in the management of their 
        institutions;
            (5) as representatives of stockholders, the boards 
        of directors of Farm Credit System institutions 
        importantly establish and oversee the compensation 
        practices of Farm Credit System institutions to ensure 
        the safe and sound operation of those institutions; and
            (6) any regulation should strengthen and not hinder 
        the ability of Farm Credit System boards of directors 
        to oversee compensation practices.
    (b) Implementation.--Not later than 60 days after the date 
of enactment of this Act, the Farm Credit Administration shall 
review its rules to reflect Congressional intent that a primary 
responsibility of the boards of directors of Farm Credit System 
institutions, as elected representatives of their stockholders, 
is to oversee compensation practices.

                      TITLE VI--RURAL DEVELOPMENT

        Subtitle A--Consolidated Farm and Rural Development Act

SEC. 6001. WATER, WASTE DISPOSAL, AND WASTEWATER FACILITY GRANTS.

    Section 306(a)(2)(B)(vii) of the Consolidated Farm and 
Rural Development Act (7 U.S.C. 1926(a)(2)(B)(vii)) is amended 
by striking ``2012'' and inserting ``2018''.

SEC. 6002. ELIMINATION OF RESERVATION OF COMMUNITY FACILITIES GRANT 
                    PROGRAM FUNDS.

    Section 306(a)(19) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural 
Development Act (7 U.S.C. 1926(a)(19)) is amended by striking 
subparagraph (C).

SEC. 6003. RURAL WATER AND WASTEWATER CIRCUIT RIDER PROGRAM.

    Section 306(a) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural 
Development Act (7 U.S.C. 1926(a)) is amended by striking 
paragraph (22) and inserting the following:
            ``(22) Rural water and wastewater circuit rider 
        program.--
                    ``(A) In general.--The Secretary shall 
                continue a national rural water and wastewater 
                circuit rider program that--
                            ``(i) is consistent with the 
                        activities and results of the program 
                        conducted before the date of enactment 
                        of this clause, as determined by the 
                        Secretary; and
                            ``(ii) receives funding from the 
                        Secretary, acting through the Rural 
                        Utilities Service.
                    ``(B) Authorization of appropriations.--
                There is authorized to be appropriated to carry 
                out this paragraph $20,000,000 for fiscal year 
                2014 and each fiscal year thereafter.''.

SEC. 6004. USE OF LOAN GUARANTEES FOR COMMUNITY FACILITIES.

    Section 306(a)(24) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural 
Development Act (7 U.S.C. 1926(a)(24)) is amended by adding at 
the end the following:
                    ``(C) Use of loan guarantees for community 
                facilities.--The Secretary shall consider the 
                benefits to communities that result from using 
                loan guarantees in carrying out the community 
                facilities program and, to the maximum extent 
                practicable, use guarantees to enhance 
                community involvement.''.

SEC. 6005. TRIBAL COLLEGE AND UNIVERSITY ESSENTIAL COMMUNITY 
                    FACILITIES.

    Section 306(a)(25)(C) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural 
Development Act (7 U.S.C. 1926(a)(25)(C)) is amended by 
striking ``2012'' and inserting ``2018''.

SEC. 6006. ESSENTIAL COMMUNITY FACILITIES TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE AND 
                    TRAINING.

    Section 306(a) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural 
Development Act (7 U.S.C. 1926(a)) is amended by adding at the 
end the following:
            ``(26) Essential community facilities technical 
        assistance and training.--
                    ``(A) In general.--The Secretary may make 
                grants to public bodies and private nonprofit 
                corporations (such as States, counties, cities, 
                townships, and incorporated towns and villages, 
                boroughs, authorities, districts, and Indian 
                tribes on Federal and State reservations) that 
                will serve rural areas for the purpose of 
                enabling the public bodies and private 
                nonprofit corporations to provide to 
                associations described in paragraph (1) 
                technical assistance and training, with respect 
                to essential community facilities programs 
                authorized under this subsection--
                            ``(i) to assist communities in 
                        identifying and planning for community 
                        facility needs;
                            ``(ii) to identify public and 
                        private resources to finance community 
                        facility needs;
                            ``(iii) to prepare reports and 
                        surveys necessary to request financial 
                        assistance to develop community 
                        facilities;
                            ``(iv) to prepare applications for 
                        financial assistance;
                            ``(v) to improve the management, 
                        including financial management, related 
                        to the operation of community 
                        facilities; or
                            ``(vi) to assist with other areas 
                        of need identified by the Secretary.
                    ``(B) Selection priority.--In selecting 
                recipients of grants under this paragraph, the 
                Secretary shall give priority to private, 
                nonprofit, or public organizations that have 
                experience in providing technical assistance 
                and training to rural entities.
                    ``(C) Funding.--Not less than 3 nor more 
                than 5 percent of any funds appropriated to 
                carry out each of the essential community 
                facilities grant, loan and loan guarantee 
                programs as authorized under this subsection 
                for a fiscal year shall be reserved for grants 
                under this paragraph.''.

SEC. 6007. EMERGENCY AND IMMINENT COMMUNITY WATER ASSISTANCE GRANT 
                    PROGRAM.

    Section 306A(i)(2) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural 
Development Act (7 U.S.C. 1926a(i)(2)) is amended by striking 
``2012'' and inserting ``2018''.

SEC. 6008. WATER SYSTEMS FOR RURAL AND NATIVE VILLAGES IN ALASKA.

    Section 306D(d)(1) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural 
Development Act (7 U.S.C. 1926d(d)(1)) is amended by striking 
``2012'' and inserting ``2018''.

SEC. 6009. HOUSEHOLD WATER WELL SYSTEMS.

    Section 306E(d) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural 
Development Act (7 U.S.C. 1926e(d)) is amended by striking 
``$10,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2008 through 2012'' and 
inserting ``$5,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2014 through 
2018''.

SEC. 6010. RURAL BUSINESS AND INDUSTRY LOAN PROGRAM.

    (a) In General.--Section 310B(a)(2)(A) of the Consolidated 
Farm and Rural Development Act (7 U.S.C. 1932(a)(2)(A)) is 
amended by inserting ``(including through the financing of 
working capital)'' after ``employment''.
    (b) Greater Flexibility for Adequate Collateral Through 
Accounts Receivable.--Section 310B(g)(7) of the Consolidated 
Farm and Rural Development Act (7 U.S.C. 1932(g)(7)) is 
amended--
            (1) by striking ``In determining'' and inserting 
        the following:
                    ``(A) In general.--In determining''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following:
                    ``(B) Accounts receivable.--In the 
                discretion of the Secretary, if the Secretary 
                determines that the action would not create or 
                otherwise contribute to an unreasonable risk of 
                default or loss to the Federal Government, the 
                Secretary may take accounts receivable as 
                security for the obligations entered into in 
                connection with loans and a borrower may use 
                accounts receivable as collateral to secure a 
                loan made or guaranteed under this 
                subsection.''.
    (c) Regulations.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall promulgate such 
regulations as are necessary to implement the amendments made 
by this section.

SEC. 6011. SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT GRANTS.

    Section 310B(b) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural 
Development Act (7 U.S.C. 1932(b)) is amended--
            (1) by striking ``The Secretary'' and by inserting 
        the following:
            ``(1) In general.--The Secretary''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following
            ``(2) Authorization of appropriations.--There is 
        authorized to be appropriated to carry out this 
        subsection $10,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2014 
        through 2018.''.

SEC. 6012. RURAL BUSINESS DEVELOPMENT GRANTS.

    (a) In General.--Section 310B of the Consolidated Farm and 
Rural Development Act (7 U.S.C. 1932) is amended by striking 
subsection (c) and inserting the following:
    ``(c) Rural Business Development Grants.--
            ``(1) In general.--The Secretary may make grants 
        under this subsection to eligible entities described in 
        paragraph (2) in rural areas that primarily serve rural 
        areas for purposes described in paragraph (3).
            ``(2) Eligible entities.--The Secretary may make 
        grants under this subsection to--
                    ``(A) governmental entities;
                    ``(B) Indian tribes; and
                    ``(C) nonprofit entities.
            ``(3) Eligible purposes for grants.--Eligible 
        entities that receive grants under this subsection may 
        use the grant funds for--
                    ``(A) business opportunity projects that--
                            ``(i) identify and analyze business 
                        opportunities;
                            ``(ii) identify, train, and provide 
                        technical assistance to existing or 
                        prospective rural entrepreneurs and 
                        managers;
                            ``(iii) assist in the establishment 
                        of new rural businesses and the 
                        maintenance of existing businesses, 
                        including through business support 
                        centers;
                            ``(iv) conduct regional, community, 
                        and local economic development planning 
                        and coordination, and leadership 
                        development; and
                            ``(v) establish centers for 
                        training, technology, and trade that 
                        will provide training to rural 
                        businesses in the use of interactive 
                        communications technologies to develop 
                        international trade opportunities and 
                        markets; and
                    ``(B) projects that support the development 
                of business enterprises that finance or 
                facilitate--
                            ``(i) the development of small and 
                        emerging private business enterprise;
                            ``(ii) the establishment, 
                        expansion, and operation of rural 
                        distance learning networks;
                            ``(iii) the development of rural 
                        learning programs that provide 
                        educational instruction or job training 
                        instruction related to potential 
                        employment or job advancement to adult 
                        students; and
                            ``(iv) the provision of technical 
                        assistance and training to rural 
                        communities for the purpose of 
                        improving passenger transportation 
                        services or facilities.
            ``(4) Authorization of appropriations.--
                    ``(A) In general.--There is authorized to 
                be appropriated to the Secretary to carry out 
                this subsection $65,000,000 for each of fiscal 
                years 2014 through 2018, to remain available 
                until expended.
                    ``(B) Allocation.--Of the funds made 
                available under subparagraph (A) for a fiscal 
                year, not more than 10 percent shall be used 
                for the purposes described in paragraph 
                (3)(A).''.
    (b) Conforming Amendment.--Section 306(a) of the 
Consolidated Farm and Rural Development Act (7 U.S.C. 1926(a)) 
is amended by striking paragraph (11).

SEC. 6013. RURAL COOPERATIVE DEVELOPMENT GRANTS.

    Section 310B(e) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural 
Development Act (7 U.S.C. 1932(e)) is amended--
            (1) by redesignating paragraph (12) as paragraph 
        (13);
            (2) by inserting after paragraph (11) the 
        following:
            ``(12) Interagency working group.--Not later than 
        90 days after the date of enactment of the Agricultural 
        Act of 2014, the Secretary shall coordinate and chair 
        an interagency working group to foster cooperative 
        development and ensure coordination with Federal 
        agencies and national and local cooperative 
        organizations that have cooperative programs and 
        interests.''; and
            (3) in paragraph (13) (as so redesignated), by 
        striking ``$50,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2008 
        through 2012'' and inserting ``$40,000,000 for each of 
        fiscal years 2014 through 2018''.

SEC. 6014. LOCALLY OR REGIONALLY PRODUCED AGRICULTURAL FOOD PRODUCTS.

    Section 310B(g)(9)(B)(v)(I) of the Consolidated Farm and 
Rural Development Act (7 U.S.C. 1932(g)(9)(B)(v)(I)) is amended 
by striking ``2012'' and inserting ``2018''.

SEC. 6015. APPROPRIATE TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER FOR RURAL AREAS PROGRAM.

    Section 310B(i)(4) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural 
Development Act (7 U.S.C. 1932(i)(4)) is amended by striking 
``2012'' and inserting ``2018''.

SEC. 6016. RURAL ECONOMIC AREA PARTNERSHIP ZONES.

    Section 310B(j) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural 
Development Act (7 U.S.C. 1932(j)) is amended by striking 
``2012'' and inserting ``2018''.

SEC. 6017. INTERMEDIARY RELENDING PROGRAM.

    (a) In General.--Subtitle A of the Consolidated Farm and 
Rural Development Act (7 U.S.C. 1922 et seq.) is amended by 
adding at the end the following:

``SEC. 310H. INTERMEDIARY RELENDING PROGRAM.

    ``(a) In General.--The Secretary may make or guarantee 
loans to eligible entities described in subsection (b) so that 
the eligible entities may relend the funds to individuals and 
entities for the purposes described in subsection (c).
    ``(b) Eligible Entities.--Entities eligible for loans and 
loan guarantees described in subsection (a) are--
            ``(1) public agencies;
            ``(2) Indian tribes;
            ``(3) cooperatives; and
            ``(4) nonprofit corporations.
    ``(c) Eligible Purposes.--The proceeds from loans made or 
guaranteed by the Secretary pursuant to subsection (a) may be 
relent by eligible entities for projects that--
            ``(1) predominately serve communities in rural 
        areas; and
            ``(2) as determined by the Secretary--
                    ``(A) promote community development;
                    ``(B) establish new businesses;
                    ``(C) establish and support microlending 
                programs; and
                    ``(D) create or retain employment 
                opportunities.
    ``(d) Limitation.--The Secretary shall not make loans under 
section 623(a) of the Community Economic Development Act of 
1981 (42 U.S.C. 9812(a)).
    ``(e) Authorization of Appropriations.--There is authorized 
to be appropriated to carry out this subsection $25,000,000 for 
each of fiscal years 2014 through 2018.''.
    (b) Conforming Amendments.--Section 1323(b)(2) of the Food 
Security Act of 1985 (Public Law 99-198; 7 U.S.C. 1932 note) is 
amended--
            (1) in subparagraph (A), by adding ``and'' at the 
        end;
            (2) in subparagraph (B), by striking ``; and'' and 
        inserting a period; and
            (3) by striking subparagraph (C).

SEC. 6018. RURAL COLLEGE COORDINATED STRATEGY.

    Section 331 of the Consolidated Farm and Rural Development 
Act (7 U.S.C. 1981) is amended by adding at the end the 
following:
    ``(d) Rural College Coordinated Strategy.--
            ``(1) In general.--The Secretary shall develop a 
        coordinated strategy across the relevant programs 
        within the Rural Development mission areas to serve the 
        specific, local needs of rural communities when making 
        investments in rural community colleges and technical 
        colleges through other authorities in effect on the 
        date of enactment of this subsection.
            ``(2) Consultation.--In developing a coordinated 
        strategy, the Secretary shall consult with groups 
        representing rural-serving community colleges and 
        technical colleges to coordinate critical investments 
        in rural community colleges and technical colleges 
        involved in workforce training.
            ``(3) Administration.--Nothing in this subsection 
        provides a priority for funding under authorities in 
        effect on the date of enactment of this subsection.
            ``(4) Use.--The Secretary shall use the coordinated 
        strategy and information developed for the strategy to 
        more effectively serve rural communities with respect 
        to investments in community colleges and technical 
        colleges.''.

SEC. 6019. RURAL WATER AND WASTE DISPOSAL INFRASTRUCTURE.

    Section 333 of the Consolidated Farm and Rural Development 
Act (7 U.S.C. 1983) is amended--
            (1) in the matter preceding paragraph (1), by 
        striking ``require'';
            (2) in paragraph (1), by inserting ``require'' 
        after ``(1)'';
            (3) in paragraph (2), by inserting ``, require'' 
        after ``314'';
            (4) in paragraph (3), by inserting ``require'' 
        after ``loans,'';
            (5) in paragraph (4)--
                    (A) by inserting ``require'' after ``(4)''; 
                and
                    (B) by striking ``and'' after the 
                semicolon;
            (6) in paragraph (5)--
                    (A) by inserting ``require'' after ``(5)''; 
                and
                    (B) by striking the period at the end and 
                inserting ``; and''; and
            (7) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(6) in the case of water and waste disposal 
        direct and guaranteed loans provided under section 306, 
        encourage, to the maximum extent practicable, private 
        or cooperative lenders to finance rural water and waste 
        disposal facilities by--
                    ``(A) maximizing the use of loan guarantees 
                to finance eligible projects in rural 
                communities in which the population exceeds 
                5,500;
                    ``(B) maximizing the use of direct loans to 
                finance eligible projects in rural communities 
                if the impact on ratepayers will be material 
                when compared to financing with a loan 
                guarantee;
                    ``(C) establishing and applying a 
                materiality standard when determining the 
                difference in impact on ratepayers between a 
                direct loan and a loan guarantee;
                    ``(D) in the case of projects that require 
                interim financing in excess of $500,000, 
                requiring that the projects initially seek the 
                financing from private or cooperative lenders; 
                and
                    ``(E) determining if an existing direct 
                loan borrower can refinance with a private or 
                cooperative lender, including with a loan 
                guarantee, prior to providing a new direct 
                loan.''.

SEC. 6020. SIMPLIFIED APPLICATIONS.

    (a) In General.--Section 333A of the Consolidated Farm and 
Rural Development Act (7 U.S.C. 1983a) is amended by adding at 
the end the following:
    ``(h) Simplified Application Forms.--Except as provided in 
subsection (g)(2), the Secretary shall, to the maximum extent 
practicable, develop a simplified application process, 
including a single page application if practicable, for grants 
and relending authorized under sections 306, 306C, 306D, 306E, 
310B(b), 310B(c), 310B(e), 310B(f), 310H, 379B, and 379E.''.
    (b) Report to Congress.--Not later than 2 years after the 
date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall submit to 
the Committee on Agriculture of the House of Representatives 
and the Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry of 
the Senate a report that contains an evaluation of the 
implementation of the amendment made by subsection (a).

SEC. 6021. NATIONAL RURAL DEVELOPMENT PARTNERSHIP.

    Section 378 of the Consolidated Farm and Rural Development 
Act (7 U.S.C. 2008m) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (g)(1), by striking ``2012'' and 
        inserting ``2018''; and
            (2) in subsection (h), by striking ``2012'' and 
        inserting ``2018''.

SEC. 6022. GRANTS FOR NOAA WEATHER RADIO TRANSMITTERS.

    Section 379B(d) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural 
Development Act (7 U.S.C. 2008p(d)) is amended by striking 
subsection (d) and inserting the following:
    ``(d) Authorization of Appropriations.--There is authorized 
to be appropriated to carry out this section $1,000,000 for 
each of fiscal years 2014 through 2018.''.

SEC. 6023. RURAL MICROENTREPRENEUR ASSISTANCE PROGRAM.

    Section 379E(d) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural 
Development Act (7 U.S.C. 2008s(d)) is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1)--
                    (A) in subparagraph (A), by striking 
                ``and'' after the semicolon at the end;
                    (B) in subparagraph (B), by striking the 
                period at the end and inserting ``; and''; and
                    (C) by adding at the end the following:
                    ``(C) $3,000,000 for each of fiscal years 
                2014 through 2018.''; and
            (2) in paragraph (2), by striking ``2012'' and 
        inserting ``2018''.

SEC. 6024. HEALTH CARE SERVICES.

    Section 379G(e) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural 
Development Act (7 U.S.C. 2008u(e)) is amended by striking 
``2012'' and inserting ``2018''.

SEC. 6025. STRATEGIC ECONOMIC AND COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT.

    Subtitle D of the Consolidated Farm and Rural Development 
Act (7 U.S.C. 1981 et seq.) is amended by adding at the end the 
following:

``SEC. 379H. STRATEGIC ECONOMIC AND COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT.

    ``(a) In General.--In the case of any rural development 
program described in subsection (d)(2), the Secretary may give 
priority to an application for a project that, as determined 
and approved by the Secretary--
            ``(1) meets the applicable eligibility requirements 
        of this title;
            ``(2) will be carried out solely in a rural area; 
        and
            ``(3) supports strategic community and economic 
        development plans on a multijurisdictional basis.
    ``(b) Rural Area.--For purposes of subsection (a)(2), the 
Secretary shall consider an application to be for a project 
that will be carried out solely in a rural area only if--
            ``(1) in the case of an application for a project 
        in the rural community facilities category described in 
        subsection (d)(2)(A), the project will be carried out 
        in a rural area described in section 343(a)(13)(C));
            ``(2) in the case of an application for a project 
        in the rural utilities category described in subsection 
        (d)(2)(B), the project will be carried out in a rural 
        area described in section 343(a)(13)(B); and
            ``(3) in the case of an application for a project 
        in the rural business and cooperative development 
        category described in subsection (d)(2)(C), the project 
        will be carried out in a rural area described in 
        section 343(a)(13)(A).
    ``(c) Evaluation.--
            ``(1) In general.--In evaluating strategic 
        applications, the Secretary shall give a higher 
        priority to strategic applications for a plan described 
        in subsection (a) that demonstrates to the Secretary--
                    ``(A) the plan was developed through the 
                collaboration of multiple stakeholders in the 
                service area of the plan, including the 
                participation of combinations of stakeholders 
                such as State, local, and tribal governments, 
                nonprofit institutions, institutions of higher 
                education, and private entities;
                    ``(B) an understanding of the applicable 
                regional resources that could support the plan, 
                including natural resources, human resources, 
                infrastructure, and financial resources;
                    ``(C) investment from other Federal 
                agencies;
                    ``(D) investment from philanthropic 
                organizations; and
                    ``(E) clear objectives for the plan and the 
                ability to establish measurable performance 
                measures and to track progress toward meeting 
                the objectives.
            ``(2) Consistency with plans.--Applications 
        involving State, county, municipal, or tribal 
        governments shall include an indication of consistency 
        with an adopted regional economic or community 
        development plan.
    ``(d) Funds.--
            ``(1) In general.--Subject to paragraph (3) and 
        subsection (e), the Secretary may reserve for projects 
        that support multijurisdictional strategic community 
        and economic development plans described in subsection 
        (a) an amount that does not exceed 10 percent of the 
        funds made available for a fiscal year for a functional 
        category described in paragraph (2).
            ``(2) Functional categories.--The functional 
        categories described in this subsection are the 
        following:
                    ``(A) Rural community facilities 
                category.--The rural community facilities 
                category consists of all amounts made available 
                for community facility grants and direct and 
                guaranteed loans under paragraph (1), (19), 
                (20), (21), (24), or (25) of section 306(a).
                    ``(B) Rural utilities category.--The rural 
                utilities category consists of all amounts made 
                available for--
                            ``(i) water or waste disposal 
                        grants or direct or guaranteed loans 
                        under paragraph (1), (2), or (24) of 
                        section 306(a);
                            ``(ii) rural water or wastewater 
                        technical assistance and training 
                        grants under section 306(a)(14);
                            ``(iii) emergency community water 
                        assistance grants under section 306A; 
                        or
                            ``(iv) solid waste management 
                        grants under section 310B(b).
                    ``(C) Rural business and cooperative 
                development category.--The rural business and 
                cooperative development category consists of 
                all amounts made available for--
                            ``(i) business and industry direct 
                        and guaranteed loans under section 
                        310B(a)(2)(A); or
                            ``(ii) rural business development 
                        grants under section 310B(c).
            ``(3) Period.--The reservation of funds described 
        in paragraph (2) may only extend through June 30 of the 
        fiscal year in which the funds were first made 
        available.
    ``(e) Approved Applications.--
            ``(1) In general.--Any applicant who submitted a 
        rural development application that was approved before 
        the date of enactment of this section may amend the 
        application to qualify for the funds reserved under 
        subsection (d)(1).
            ``(2) Rural utilities.--Any rural development 
        application authorized under section 306(a)(2), 
        306(a)(14), 306(a)(24), 306A, or 310B(b) and approved 
        by the Secretary before the date of enactment of this 
        section shall be eligible for the funds reserved under 
        subsection (d)(1) on the same basis as the applications 
        submitted under this section until September 30, 
        2016.''.

SEC. 6026. DELTA REGIONAL AUTHORITY.

    (a) Authorization of Appropriations.--Section 382M(a) of 
the Consolidated Farm and Rural Development Act (7 U.S.C. 
2009aa-12(a)) is amended by striking ``2012'' and inserting 
``2018''.
    (b) Termination of Authority.--Section 382N of the 
Consolidated Farm and Rural Development Act (7 U.S.C. 2009aa-
13) is amended by striking ``2012'' and inserting ``2018''.

SEC. 6027. NORTHERN GREAT PLAINS REGIONAL AUTHORITY.

    (a) Audit.--Section 383L(c) of the Consolidated Farm and 
Rural Development Ac (7 U.S.C. 2009bb-10(c)) is amended by 
inserting ``for any fiscal year for which funds are 
appropriated'' after ``annual basis''.
    (b) Authorization of Appropriations.--Section 383N(a) of 
the Consolidated Farm and Rural Development Act (7 U.S.C. 
2009bb-12(a)) is amended by striking ``2012'' and inserting 
``2018''.
    (c) Termination of Authority.--Section 383O of the 
Consolidated Farm and Rural Development Act (7 U.S.C. 2009bb-
13) is amended by striking ``2012'' and inserting ``2018''.

SEC. 6028. RURAL BUSINESS INVESTMENT PROGRAM.

    Section 384S of the Consolidated Farm and Rural Development 
Act (7 U.S.C. 2009cc-18) is amended by striking ``$50,000,000 
for the period of fiscal years 2008 through 2012'' and 
inserting ``$20,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2014 through 
2018''.

             Subtitle B--Rural Electrification Act of 1936

SEC. 6101. FEES FOR CERTAIN LOAN GUARANTEES.

    The Rural Electrification Act of 1936 is amended by 
inserting after section 4 (7 U.S.C. 904) the following:

``SEC. 5. FEES FOR CERTAIN LOAN GUARANTEES.

    ``(a) In General.--For electrification baseload generation 
loan guarantees, the Secretary shall, at the request of the 
borrower, charge an upfront fee to cover the costs of the loan 
guarantee.
    ``(b) Fee.--The fee described in subsection (a) for a loan 
guarantee shall be equal to the costs of the loan guarantee 
(within the meaning of section 502(5)(C) of the Federal Credit 
Reform Act of 1990 (2 U.S.C. 661a(5)(C))).
    ``(c) Limitation.--Funds received from a borrower to pay 
the fee described in this section shall not be derived from a 
loan or other debt obligation that is made or guaranteed by the 
Federal Government.''.

SEC. 6102. GUARANTEES FOR BONDS AND NOTES ISSUED FOR ELECTRIFICATION OR 
                    TELEPHONE PURPOSES.

    Section 313A(f) of the Rural Electrification Act of 1936 (7 
U.S.C. 940c-1(f)) is amended by striking ``2012'' and inserting 
``2018''.

SEC. 6103. EXPANSION OF 911 ACCESS.

    Section 315(d) of the Rural Electrification Act of 1936 (7 
U.S.C. 940e(d)) is amended by striking ``2012'' and inserting 
``2018''.

SEC. 6104. ACCESS TO BROADBAND TELECOMMUNICATIONS SERVICES IN RURAL 
                    AREAS.

    (a) In General.--Section 601 of the Rural Electrification 
Act of 1936 (7 U.S.C. 950bb) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (c), by striking paragraph (2) 
        and inserting the following:
            ``(2) Priority.--In making loans or loan guarantees 
        under paragraph (1), the Secretary shall--
                    ``(A) establish not less than 2 evaluation 
                periods for each fiscal year to compare loan 
                and loan guarantee applications and to 
                prioritize loans and loan guarantees to all or 
                part of rural communities that do not have 
                residential broadband service that meets the 
                minimum acceptable level of broadband service 
                established under subsection (e);
                    ``(B) give the highest priority to 
                applicants that offer to provide broadband 
                service to the greatest proportion of unserved 
                households or households that do not have 
                residential broadband service that meets the 
                minimum acceptable level of broadband service 
                established under subsection (e), as--
                            ``(i) certified by the affected 
                        community, city, county, or designee; 
                        or
                            ``(ii) demonstrated on--
                                    ``(I) the broadband map of 
                                the affected State if the map 
                                contains address-level data; or
                                    ``(II) the National 
                                Broadband Map if address-level 
                                data is unavailable; and
                    ``(C) provide equal consideration to all 
                qualified applicants, including applicants that 
                have not previously received loans or loan 
                guarantees under paragraph (1); and
                    ``(D) give priority to applicants that 
                offer in the applications of the applicants to 
                provide broadband service not predominantly for 
                business service, if at least 25 percent of the 
                customers in the proposed service territory are 
                commercial interests.'';
            (2) in subsection (d)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1)(A), by striking clause 
                (i) and inserting the following:
                            ``(i) demonstrate the ability to 
                        furnish, improve in order to meet the 
                        minimum acceptable level of broadband 
                        service established under subsection 
                        (e), or extend broadband service to all 
                        or part of an unserved rural area or an 
                        area below the minimum acceptable level 
                        of broadband service established under 
                        subsection (e);'';
                    (B) in paragraph (2)--
                            (i) in subparagraph (A), by 
                        striking clause (i) and inserting the 
                        following:
                            ``(i) not less than 15 percent of 
                        the households in the proposed service 
                        territory are unserved or have service 
                        levels below the minimum acceptable 
                        level of broadband service established 
                        under subsection (e); and'';
                            (ii) in the heading of subparagraph 
                        (B), by striking ``25''; and
                            (iii) in subparagraph (C)--
                                    (I) in the subparagraph 
                                heading, by striking ``3 or 
                                more''; and
                                    (II) by striking clause (i) 
                                and inserting the following:
                            ``(i) In general.--Except as 
                        provided in clause (ii), subparagraph 
                        (A)(ii) shall not apply to an incumbent 
                        service provider in the portion of a 
                        proposed service territory in which the 
                        provider is upgrading broadband service 
                        to meet the minimum acceptable level of 
                        broadband service established under 
                        subsection (e) for the existing 
                        territory of the incumbent service 
                        provider.'';
                    (C) in paragraph (3)(B), by adding at the 
                end the following:
                            ``(iii) Information.--Information 
                        submitted under this subparagraph shall 
                        be--
                                    ``(I) certified by the 
                                affected community, city, 
                                county, or designee; or
                                    ``(II) demonstrated on--
                                            ``(aa) the 
                                        broadband map of the 
                                        affected State if the 
                                        map contains address-
                                        level data; or
                                            ``(bb) the National 
                                        Broadband Map if 
                                        address-level data is 
                                        unavailable.'';
                    (D) by striking paragraph (5) and inserting 
                the following:
            ``(5) Notice requirements.--The Secretary shall 
        promptly provide a fully searchable database on the 
        website of the Rural Utilities Service that contains, 
        at a minimum--
                    ``(A) notice of each application for a loan 
                or loan guarantee under this section describing 
                the application, including--
                            ``(i) the identity of the 
                        applicant;
                            ``(ii) a description of each 
                        application, including--
                                    ``(I) each area proposed to 
                                be served by the applicant; and
                                    ``(II) the amount and type 
                                of support requested by each 
                                applicant;
                            ``(iii) the status of each 
                        application;
                            ``(iv) the estimated number and 
                        proportion relative to the service 
                        territory of households without 
                        terrestrial-based broadband service in 
                        those areas; and
                            ``(v) a list of the census block 
                        groups or proposed service territory, 
                        in a manner specified by the Secretary, 
                        that the applicant proposes to service;
                    ``(B) notice of each entity receiving 
                assistance under this section, including--
                            ``(i) the name of the entity;
                            ``(ii) the type of assistance being 
                        received;
                            ``(iii) the purpose for which the 
                        entity is receiving the assistance;
                            ``(iv) each semiannual report 
                        submitted under paragraph (8)(A) 
                        (redacted to protect any proprietary 
                        information in the report); and
                    ``(C) such other information as is 
                sufficient to allow the public to understand 
                assistance provided under this section.'';
                    (E) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(8) Reporting.--
                    ``(A) In general.--The Secretary shall 
                require any entity receiving assistance under 
                this section to submit a semiannual report for 
                3 years after completion of the project, in a 
                format specified by the Secretary, that 
                describes--
                            ``(i) the use by the entity of the 
                        assistance, including new equipment and 
                        capacity enhancements that support 
                        high-speed broadband access for 
                        educational institutions, health care 
                        providers, and public safety service 
                        providers (including the estimated 
                        number of end users who are currently 
                        using or forecasted to use the new or 
                        upgraded infrastructure); and
                            ``(ii) the progress towards 
                        fulfilling the objectives for which the 
                        assistance was granted, including--
                                    ``(I) the number and 
                                location of residences and 
                                businesses that will receive 
                                new broadband service, existing 
                                network service improvements, 
                                and facility upgrades resulting 
                                from the Federal assistance;
                                    ``(II) the speed of 
                                broadband service;
                                    ``(III) the average price 
                                of broadband service in a 
                                proposed service area;
                                    ``(IV) any changes in 
                                broadband service adoption 
                                rates, including new 
                                subscribers generated from 
                                demand-side projects; and
                                    ``(V) any metrics the 
                                Secretary determines to be 
                                appropriate;
                    ``(B) Additional reporting.--The Secretary 
                may require any additional reporting and 
                information by any recipient of any assistance 
                under this section so as to ensure compliance 
                with this section.
            ``(9) Default and deobligation.--In addition to 
        other authority under applicable law, the Secretary 
        shall establish written procedures for all broadband 
        programs administered by the Rural Utilities Service 
        under this or any other Act that, to the maximum extent 
        practicable--
                    ``(A) recover funds from loan defaults;
                    ``(B) deobligate any awards, less allowable 
                costs that demonstrate an insufficient level of 
                performance (including metrics determined by 
                the Secretary) or fraudulent spending, to the 
                extent funds with respect to the award are 
                available in the account relating to the 
                program established by this section;
                    ``(C) award those funds, on a competitive 
                basis, to new or existing applicants consistent 
                with this section; and
                    ``(D) minimize overlap among the programs.
            ``(10) Service area assessment.--The Secretary 
        shall, with respect to an application for assistance 
        under this section--
                    ``(A) provide not less than 15 days for 
                broadband service providers to voluntarily 
                submit information concerning the broadband 
                services that the providers offer in the census 
                block groups or tracts described in paragraph 
                (5)(A)(v) so that the Secretary may assess 
                whether the applications submitted meet the 
                eligibility requirements under this section; 
                and
                    ``(B) if no broadband service provider 
                submits information under subparagraph (A), 
                consider the number of providers in the census 
                block group or tract to be established by 
                using--
                            ``(i) the most current National 
                        Broadband Map of the National 
                        Telecommunications and Information 
                        Administration; or
                            ``(ii) any other data regarding the 
                        availability of broadband service that 
                        the Secretary may collect or obtain 
                        through reasonable efforts.'';
            (3) in subsection (e)--
                    (A) by redesignating paragraph (2) as 
                paragraph (3); and
                    (B) by striking paragraph (1) and inserting 
                the following:
            ``(1) In general.--Subject to paragraph (2), for 
        purposes of this section, the minimum acceptable level 
        of broadband service for a rural area shall be at 
        least--
                    ``(A) a 4-Mbps downstream transmission 
                capacity; and
                    ``(B) a 1-Mbps upstream transmission 
                capacity.
            ``(2) Adjustments.--
                    ``(A) In general.--At least once every 2 
                years, the Secretary shall review, and may 
                adjust through notice published in the Federal 
                Register, the minimum acceptable level of 
                broadband service established under paragraph 
                (1) to ensure that high quality, cost-effective 
                broadband service is provided to rural areas 
                over time.
                    ``(B) Considerations.--In making an 
                adjustment to the minimum acceptable level of 
                broadband service under subparagraph (A), the 
                Secretary may consider establishing different 
                transmission rates for fixed broadband service 
                and mobile broadband service.'';
            (4) in subsection (g), by striking paragraph (2) 
        and inserting the following:
            ``(2) Terms.--In determining the term and 
        conditions of a loan or loan guarantee, the Secretary 
        may--
                    ``(A) consider whether the recipient is or 
                would be serving an area that is unserved or 
                has service levels below the minimum acceptable 
                level of broadband service established under 
                subsection (e); and
                    ``(B) if the Secretary makes a 
                determination in the affirmative under 
                subparagraph (A), establish a limited initial 
                deferral period or comparable terms necessary 
                to achieve the financial feasibility and long-
                term sustainability of the project.'';
            (5) in subsection (j)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1), by inserting ``, 
                including any loan terms or conditions for 
                which the Secretary provided additional 
                assistance to unserved areas'' before the 
                semicolon at the end;
                    (B) in paragraph (5), by striking ``and'' 
                after the semicolon at the end;
                    (C) in paragraph (6), by striking the 
                period at the end and inserting ``; and''; and
                    (D) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(7) the overall progress towards fulfilling the 
        goal of improving the quality of rural life by 
        expanding rural broadband access, as demonstrated by 
        metrics, including--
                    ``(A) the number of residences and 
                businesses receiving new broadband services;
                    ``(B) network improvements, including 
                facility upgrades and equipment purchases;
                    ``(C) average broadband speeds and prices 
                on a local and statewide basis;
                    ``(D) any changes in broadband adoption 
                rates; and
                    ``(E) any specific activities that 
                increased high speed broadband access for 
                educational institutions, health care 
                providers, and public safety service 
                providers.''; and
            (6) in subsections (k)(1) and (l), by striking 
        ``2012'' each place it appears and inserting ``2018''.
    (b) Study on Providing Effective Data for National 
Broadband Map.--.
            (1) In general.--The Secretary, in consultation 
        with the Secretary of Commerce and the Chairman of the 
        Federal Communications Commission, shall conduct a 
        study of the ways that data collected under the 
        broadband programs of the Secretary of Agriculture 
        could be most effectively shared with the Commission to 
        support the development and maintenance of the National 
        Broadband Map by the Commission.
            (2) Inclusions.--The study shall include a 
        consideration of the circumstances under which address-
        level data could be collected by the Secretary and 
        appropriately shared with the Commission.
            (3) Completion.--Not later than 180 days after the 
        date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall 
        complete the study required under this subsection.
            (4) Report.--Not later than 60 days after the date 
        of completion of the study, the Secretary shall submit 
        a report describing the results of the study to--
                    (A) the Committee on Agriculture of the 
                House of Representatives;
                    (B) the Committee on Energy and Commerce of 
                the House of Representatives;
                    (C) the Committee on Agriculture, 
                Nutrition, and Forestry of the Senate; and
                    (D) the Committee on Commerce, Science, and 
                Transportation of the Senate.

SEC. 6105. RURAL GIGABIT NETWORK PILOT PROGRAM.

    Title VI of the Rural Electrification Act of 1936 (7 U.S.C. 
950bb et seq.) is amended by adding at the end the following:

``SEC. 603. RURAL GIGABIT NETWORK PILOT PROGRAM.

    ``(a) Definition of Ultra-high Speed Service.--In this 
section, the term `ultra-high speed service' means broadband 
service operating at a 1 gigabit per second downstream 
transmission capacity.
    ``(b) Pilot Program.--The Secretary shall establish a pilot 
program to be known as the `Rural Gigabit Network Pilot 
Program', under which the Secretary may, at the discretion of 
the Secretary, provide grants, loans, or loan guarantees to 
eligible entities.
    ``(c) Eligibility.--
            ``(1) In general.--To be eligible to obtain 
        assistance under this section, an entity shall--
                    ``(A) demonstrate to the Secretary the 
                ability to furnish or extend ultra-high speed 
                service to a rural area;
                    ``(B) submit to the Secretary an 
                application at such time, in such manner, and 
                containing such information as the Secretary 
                may require;
                    ``(C) not already provide ultra-high speed 
                service to a rural area within any State in the 
                proposed service territory; and
                    ``(D) agree to complete buildout of ultra-
                high speed service by not later than 3 years 
                after the initial date on which assistance 
                under this section is made available.
            ``(2) Eligible projects.--Assistance under this 
        section may only be used to carry out a project in a 
        proposed service territory if--
                    ``(A) the proposed service territory is a 
                rural area; and
                    ``(B) ultra-high speed service is not 
                provided in any part of the proposed service 
                territory.
    ``(d) Authorization of Appropriations.--There is authorized 
to be appropriated to carry out this section $10,000,000 for 
each of fiscal years 2014 through 2018.''.

                       Subtitle C--Miscellaneous

SEC. 6201. DISTANCE LEARNING AND TELEMEDICINE.

    (a) Authorization of Appropriations.--Section 2335A of the 
Food, Agriculture, Conservation, and Trade Act of 1990 (7 
U.S.C. 950aaa-5) is amended by striking ``$100,000,000 for each 
of fiscal years 1996 through 2012'' and inserting ``$75,000,000 
for each of fiscal years 2014 through 2018''.
    (b) Conforming Amendment.--Section 1(b) of Public Law 102-
551 (7 U.S.C. 950aaa note) is amended by striking ``2012'' and 
inserting ``2018''.

SEC. 6202. AGRICULTURAL TRANSPORTATION.

    Section 203(j) of the Agricultural Marketing Act of 1946 (7 
U.S.C. 1622(j)) is amended by striking ``the Interstate 
Commerce Commission, the Maritime Commission,,'' and inserting 
``the Surface Transportation Board, the Federal Maritime 
Commission,''.

SEC. 6203. VALUE-ADDED AGRICULTURAL PRODUCT MARKET DEVELOPMENT GRANTS.

    Section 231(b) of the Agricultural Risk Protection Act of 
2000 (7 U.S.C. 1632a(b)) is amended--
            (1) by striking paragraph (6) and inserting the 
        following:
            ``(6) Priority.--
                    ``(A) Eligible independent producers of 
                value-added agricultural products.--In awarding 
                grants under paragraph (1)(A), the Secretary 
                shall give priority to--
                            ``(i) operators of small- and 
                        medium-sized farms and ranches that are 
                        structured as family farms;
                            ``(ii) beginning farmers or 
                        ranchers;
                            ``(iii) socially disadvantaged 
                        farmers or ranchers; and
                            ``(iv) veteran farmers or ranchers 
                        (as defined in section 2501(e) of the 
                        Food, Agriculture, Conservation, and 
                        Trade Act of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 2279(e))).
                    ``(B) Eligible agricultural producer 
                groups, farmer or rancher cooperatives, and 
                majority-controlled producer-based business 
                venture.--In awarding grants under paragraph 
                (1)(B), the Secretary shall give priority to 
                projects (including farmer or rancher 
                cooperative projects) that best contribute to 
                creating or increasing marketing opportunities 
                for operators, farmers, and ranchers described 
                in subparagraph (A).''; and
            (2) in paragraph (7)--
                    (A) in subparagraph (A)--
                            (i) by striking ``On October 1, 
                        2008,'' and inserting ``On the date of 
                        enactment of the Agricultural Act of 
                        2014,''; and
                            (ii) by striking ``$15,000,000'' 
                        and inserting ``$63,000,000''; and
                    (B) in subparagraph (B), by striking 
                ``2012'' and inserting ``2018''.

SEC. 6204. AGRICULTURE INNOVATION CENTER DEMONSTRATION PROGRAM.

    Section 6402(i) of the Farm Security and Rural Investment 
Act of 2002 (7 U.S.C. 1632b(i)) is amended by striking 
``$6,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2008 through 2012'' and 
inserting ``$1,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2014 through 
2018''.

SEC. 6205. RURAL ENERGY SAVINGS PROGRAM.

    Subtitle E of title VI of the Farm Security and Rural 
Investment Act of 2002 (Public Law 107-171; 116 Stat. 424) is 
amended by adding at the end the following:

``SEC. 6407. RURAL ENERGY SAVINGS PROGRAM.

    ``(a) Purpose.--The purpose of this section is to help 
rural families and small businesses achieve cost savings by 
providing loans to qualified consumers to implement durable 
cost-effective energy efficiency measures.
    ``(b) Definitions.--In this section:
            ``(1) Eligible entity.--The term `eligible entity' 
        means--
                    ``(A) any public power district, public 
                utility district, or similar entity, or any 
                electric cooperative described in section 
                501(c)(12) or 1381(a)(2) of the Internal 
                Revenue Code of 1986, that borrowed and repaid, 
                prepaid, or is paying an electric loan made or 
                guaranteed by the Rural Utilities Service (or 
                any predecessor agency);
                    ``(B) any entity primarily owned or 
                controlled by 1 or more entities described in 
                subparagraph (A); or
                    ``(C) any other entity that is an eligible 
                borrower of the Rural Utilities Service, as 
                determined under section 1710.101 of title 7, 
                Code of Federal Regulations (or a successor 
                regulation).
            ``(2) Energy efficiency measures.--The term `energy 
        efficiency measures' means, for or at property served 
        by an eligible entity, structural improvements and 
        investments in cost-effective, commercial technologies 
        to increase energy efficiency.
            ``(3) Qualified consumer.--The term `qualified 
        consumer' means a consumer served by an eligible entity 
        that has the ability to repay a loan made under 
        subsection (d), as determined by the eligible entity.
            ``(4) Secretary.--The term `Secretary' means the 
        Secretary of Agriculture, acting through the 
        Administrator of the Rural Utilities Service.
    ``(c) Loans to Eligible Entities.--
            ``(1) In general.--Subject to paragraph (2), the 
        Secretary shall make loans to eligible entities that 
        agree to use the loan funds to make loans to qualified 
        consumers for the purpose of implementing energy 
        efficiency measures.
            ``(2) Requirements.--
                    ``(A) In general.--As a condition of 
                receiving a loan under this subsection, an 
                eligible entity shall--
                            ``(i) establish a list of energy 
                        efficiency measures that is expected to 
                        decrease energy use or costs of 
                        qualified consumers;
                            ``(ii) prepare an implementation 
                        plan for use of the loan funds, 
                        including use of any interest to be 
                        received pursuant to subsection 
                        (d)(1)(A);
                            ``(iii) provide for appropriate 
                        measurement and verification to 
                        ensure--
                                    ``(I) the effectiveness of 
                                the energy efficiency loans 
                                made by the eligible entity; 
                                and
                                    ``(II) that there is no 
                                conflict of interest in 
                                carrying out this section; and
                            ``(iv) demonstrate expertise in 
                        effective use of energy efficiency 
                        measures at an appropriate scale.
                    ``(B) Revision of list of energy efficiency 
                measures.--Subject to the approval of the 
                Secretary, an eligible entity may update the 
                list required under subparagraph (A)(i) to 
                account for newly available efficiency 
                technologies.
                    ``(C) Existing energy efficiency 
                programs.--An eligible entity that, at any time 
                before the date that is 60 days after the date 
                of enactment of this section, has established 
                an energy efficiency program for qualified 
                consumers may use an existing list of energy 
                efficiency measures, implementation plan, or 
                measurement and verification system of that 
                program to satisfy the requirements of 
                subparagraph (A) if the Secretary determines 
                the list, plan, or systems are consistent with 
                the purposes of this section.
            ``(3) No interest.--A loan under this subsection 
        shall bear no interest.
            ``(4) Repayment.--With respect to a loan under 
        paragraph (1)--
                    ``(A) the term shall not exceed 20 years 
                from the date on which the loan is closed; and
                    ``(B) except as provided in paragraph (6), 
                the repayment of each advance shall be 
                amortized for a period not to exceed 10 years.
            ``(5) Amount of advances.--Any advance of loan 
        funds to an eligible entity in any single year shall 
        not exceed 50 percent of the approved loan amount.
            ``(6) Special advance for start-up activities.--
                    ``(A) In general.--In order to assist an 
                eligible entity in defraying the appropriate 
                start-up costs (as determined by the Secretary) 
                of establishing new programs or modifying 
                existing programs to carry out subsection (d), 
                the Secretary shall allow an eligible entity to 
                request a special advance.
                    ``(B) Amount.--No eligible entity may 
                receive a special advance under this paragraph 
                for an amount that is greater than 4 percent of 
                the loan amount received by the eligible entity 
                under paragraph (1).
                    ``(C) Repayment.--Repayment of the special 
                advance--
                            ``(i) shall be required during the 
                        10-year period beginning on the date on 
                        which the special advance is made; and
                            ``(ii) at the election of the 
                        eligible entity, may be deferred to the 
                        end of the 10-year period.
            ``(7) Limitation.--All special advances shall be 
        made under a loan described in paragraph (1) during the 
        first 10 years of the term of the loan.
    ``(d) Loans to Qualified Consumers.--
            ``(1) Terms of loans.--Loans made by an eligible 
        entity to qualified consumers using loan funds provided 
        by the Secretary under subsection (c)--
                    ``(A) may bear interest, not to exceed 3 
                percent, to be used for purposes that include--
                            ``(i) to establish a loan loss 
                        reserve; and
                            ``(ii) to offset personnel and 
                        program costs of eligible entities to 
                        provide the loans;
                    ``(B) shall finance energy efficiency 
                measures for the purpose of decreasing energy 
                usage or costs of the qualified consumer by an 
                amount that ensures, to the maximum extent 
                practicable, that a loan term of not more than 
                10 years will not pose an undue financial 
                burden on the qualified consumer, as determined 
                by the eligible entity;
                    ``(C) shall not be used to fund purchases 
                of, or modifications to, personal property 
                unless the personal property is or becomes 
                attached to real property (including a 
                manufactured home) as a fixture;
                    ``(D) shall be repaid through charges added 
                to the electric bill for the property for, or 
                at which, energy efficiency measures are or 
                will be implemented, on the condition that this 
                requirement does not prohibit--
                            ``(i) the voluntary prepayment of a 
                        loan by the owner of the property; or
                            ``(ii) the use of any additional 
                        repayment mechanisms that are--
                                    ``(I) demonstrated to have 
                                appropriate risk mitigation 
                                features, as determined by the 
                                eligible entity; or
                                    ``(II) required if the 
                                qualified consumer is no longer 
                                a customer of the eligible 
                                entity; and
                    ``(E) shall require an energy audit by an 
                eligible entity to determine the impact of 
                proposed energy efficiency measures on the 
                energy costs and consumption of the qualified 
                consumer.
            ``(2) Contractors.--In addition to any other 
        qualified general contractor, eligible entities may 
        serve as general contractors.
    ``(e) Contract for Measurement and Verification, Training, 
and Technical Assistance.--
            ``(1) In general.--Not later than 90 days after the 
        date of enactment of this section, the Secretary--
                    ``(A) shall establish a plan for 
                measurement and verification, training, and 
                technical assistance of the program; and
                    ``(B) may enter into 1 or more contracts 
                with a qualified entity for the purposes of--
                            ``(i) providing measurement and 
                        verification activities; and
                            ``(ii) developing a program to 
                        provide technical assistance and 
                        training to the employees of eligible 
                        entities to carry out this section.
            ``(2) Use of subcontractors authorized.--A 
        qualified entity that enters into a contract under 
        paragraph (1) may use subcontractors to assist the 
        qualified entity in carrying out the contract.
    ``(f) Additional Authority.--The authority provided in this 
section is in addition to any other authority of the Secretary 
to offer loans under any other law.
    ``(g) Effective Period.--Subject to the availability of 
funds and except as otherwise provided in this section, the 
loans and other expenditures required to be made under this 
section shall be available until expended, with the Secretary 
authorized to make new loans as loans are repaid.
    ``(h) Authorization of Appropriations.--There is authorized 
to be appropriated to carry out this section $75,000,000 for 
each of fiscal years 2014 through 2018.''.

SEC. 6206. STUDY OF RURAL TRANSPORTATION ISSUES.

    (a) In General.--The Secretary of Agriculture and the 
Secretary of Transportation shall publish an updated version of 
the study described in section 6206 of the Food, Conservation, 
and Energy Act of 2008 (as amended by subsection (b)).
    (b) Addition to Study.--Section 6206(b) of the Food, 
Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008 (Public Law 110-246; 122 
Stat. 1971) is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (3), by striking ``and'' at the 
        end;
            (2) in paragraph (4), by striking the period at the 
        end and inserting ``; and''; and
            (3) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(5) the sufficiency of infrastructure along 
        waterways in the United States and the impact of the 
        infrastructure on the movement of agricultural goods in 
        terms of safety, efficiency and speed, as well as the 
        benefits derived through upgrades and repairs to locks 
        and dams.''.
    (c) Report to Congress.--Not later than 1 year after the 
date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Agriculture and 
the Secretary of Transportation shall submit to Congress the 
updated version of the study required by subsection (a).

SEC. 6207. REGIONAL ECONOMIC AND INFRASTRUCTURE DEVELOPMENT.

    Section 15751 of title 40, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a), by striking ``2012'' and 
        inserting ``2018''; and
            (2) in subsection (b)--
                    (A) by striking ``Not more than'' and 
                inserting the following:
            ``(1) In general.--Except as provided in paragraph 
        (2), not more than''; and
                    (B) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(2) Limited funding.--In a case in which less 
        than $10,000,000 is made available to a Commission for 
        a fiscal year under this section, paragraph (1) shall 
        not apply.''.

SEC. 6208. DEFINITION OF RURAL AREA FOR PURPOSES OF THE HOUSING ACT OF 
                    1949.

    The second sentence of section 520 of the Housing Act of 
1949 (42 U.S.C. 1490) is amended--
            (1) by striking ``1990 or 2000 decennial census 
        shall continue to be so classified until the receipt of 
        data from the decennial census in the year 2010'' and 
        inserting ``1990, 2000, or 2010 decennial census, and 
        any area deemed to be a `rural area' for purposes of 
        this title under any other provision of law at any time 
        during the period beginning January 1, 2000, and ending 
        December 31, 2010, shall continue to be so classified 
        until the receipt of data from the decennial census in 
        the year 2020''; and
            (2) by striking ``25,000'' and inserting 
        ``35,000''.

SEC. 6209. PROGRAM METRICS.

    (a) In General.--The Secretary shall collect data regarding 
economic activities created through grants and loans, including 
any technical assistance provided as a component of the grant 
or loan program, and measure the short- and long-term viability 
of award recipients and any entities to whom those recipients 
provide assistance using award funds, under--
            (1) section 231 of the Agricultural Risk Protection 
        Act of 2000 (7 U.S.C. 1632a);
            (2) section 313(b)(2) of the Rural Electrification 
        Act of 1936 (7 U.S.C. 940c(b)(2)); or
            (3) section 310B(c), 310B(e), 310B(g), 310H, or 
        379E, or subtitle E, of the Consolidated Farm and Rural 
        Development Act (7 U.S.C. 1932(c), 1932(e), 1932(g), 
        2008s, 2009 et seq.).
    (b) Data.--The data collected under subsection (a) shall 
include information collected from recipients both during the 
award period and for a period of time, as determined by the 
Secretary, which is not less than 2 years after the award 
period ends.
    (c) Report.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than 4 years after the 
        date of enactment of this Act, and every 2 years 
        thereafter, the Secretary shall submit to the Committee 
        on Agriculture of the House of Representatives and the 
        Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry of 
        the Senate a report that contains the data described in 
        subsection (a).
            (2) Detailed information.--The report shall include 
        detailed information regarding--
                    (A) actions taken by the Secretary to use 
                the data;
                    (B) the percentage increase of employees;
                    (C) the number of business starts and 
                clients served;
                    (D) any benefit, such as an increase in 
                revenue or customer base; and
                    (E) such other information as the Secretary 
                considers appropriate.

SEC. 6210. FUNDING OF PENDING RURAL DEVELOPMENT LOAN AND GRANT 
                    APPLICATIONS.

    (a) In General.--The Secretary shall use funds made 
available under subsection (b) to provide funds for 
applications that are pending on the date of enactment of this 
Act in accordance with the terms and conditions of section 6029 
of the Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008 (Public Law 
110-246; 122 Stat. 1955).
    (b) Funding.--Notwithstanding any other provision of law, 
beginning in fiscal year 2014, of the funds of the Commodity 
Credit Corporation, the Secretary shall use to carry out this 
section $150,000,000, to remain available until expended.

          TITLE VII--RESEARCH, EXTENSION, AND RELATED MATTERS

  Subtitle A--National Agricultural Research, Extension, and Teaching 
                           Policy Act of 1977

SEC. 7101. OPTION TO BE INCLUDED AS NON-LAND-GRANT COLLEGE OF 
                    AGRICULTURE.

    Section 1404 of the National Agricultural Research, 
Extension, and Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 3103) is 
amended--
            (1) by striking paragraph (5) and inserting the 
        following new paragraph:
            ``(5) Cooperating forestry school.--
                    ``(A) In general.--The term `cooperating 
                forestry school' means an institution--
                            ``(i) that is eligible to receive 
                        funds under Public Law 87-788 (commonly 
                        known as the McIntire-Stennis 
                        Cooperative Forestry Act; 16 U.S.C. 
                        582a et seq.); and
                            ``(ii) with respect to which the 
                        Secretary has not received a 
                        declaration of the intent of that 
                        institution to not be considered a 
                        cooperating forestry school.
                    ``(B) Termination of declaration.--A 
                declaration of the intent of an institution to 
                not be considered a cooperating forestry school 
                submitted to the Secretary shall be in effect 
                until September 30, 2018.'';
            (2) in paragraph (10)--
                    (A) in subparagraph (A)--
                            (i) in the matter preceding clause 
                        (i), by striking ``that'';
                            (ii) in clause (i)--
                                    (I) by inserting ``that'' 
                                before ``qualify''; and
                                    (II) by striking ``and'' at 
                                the end;
                            (iii) in clause (ii)--
                                    (I) by inserting ``that'' 
                                before ``offer''; and
                                    (II) by striking the period 
                                at the end and inserting ``; 
                                and''; and
                            (iv) by adding at the end the 
                        following new clause:
                            ``(iii) with respect to which the 
                        Secretary has not received a 
                        declaration of the intent of a college 
                        or university to not be considered a 
                        Hispanic-serving agricultural college 
                        or university.''; and
                    (B) by adding at the end the following new 
                subparagraph:
                    ``(C) Termination of declaration of 
                intent.--A declaration of the intent of a 
                college or university to not be considered a 
                Hispanic-serving agricultural college or 
                university submitted to the Secretary shall be 
                in effect until September 30, 2018.''; and
            (3) in paragraph (14)--
                    (A) in subparagraph (A), by striking 
                ``agriculture or forestry'' and inserting 
                ``food and agricultural sciences'';
                    (B) by redesignating subparagraph (B) as 
                subparagraph (C); and
                    (C) by inserting after subparagraph (A) the 
                following new subparagraph:
                    ``(B) Designation.--Not later than 90 days 
                after the date of the enactment of this 
                subparagraph, the Secretary shall establish an 
                ongoing process through which public colleges 
                or universities may apply for designation as an 
                NLGCA Institution.''.

SEC. 7102. NATIONAL AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH, EXTENSION, EDUCATION, AND 
                    ECONOMICS ADVISORY BOARD.

    (a) Extension of Termination Date.--Section 1408(h) of the 
National Agricultural Research, Extension, and Teaching Policy 
Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 3123(h)) is amended by striking ``2012'' 
and inserting ``2018''.
    (b) Duties of National Agricultural Research, Extension, 
Education, and Economics Advisory Board.--Section 1408(c) of 
the National Agricultural Research, Extension, and Teaching 
Policy Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 3123(c)) is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1)--
                    (A) by striking ``Committee on 
                Appropriations of the Senate'' and all that 
                follows through the semi-colon and inserting 
                ``Committee on Appropriations of the Senate 
                on--''; and
                    (B) by adding at the end the following new 
                subparagraphs:
                    ``(A) long-term and short-term national 
                policies and priorities consistent with the 
                purposes specified in section 1402 for 
                agricultural research, extension, education, 
                and economics; and
                    ``(B) the annual establishment of 
                priorities that--
                            ``(i) are in accordance with the 
                        purposes specified in a provision of a 
                        covered law (as defined in subsection 
                        (d) of section 1492) under which 
                        competitive grants (described in 
                        subsection (c) of such section) are 
                        awarded; and
                            ``(ii) the Board determines are 
                        national priorities.'';
            (2) in paragraph (3), by striking ``and'' at the 
        end;
            (3) in paragraph (4)--
                    (A) in subparagraph (B), by striking ``the 
                national research policies and priorities set 
                forth in'' inserting ``national research 
                policies and priorities that are consistent 
                with the purposes specified in''; and
                    (B) in subparagraph (C), by striking the 
                period at the end and inserting ``; and''; and
            (4) by adding at the end the following new 
        paragraph:
            ``(5) consult with industry groups on agricultural 
        research, extension, education, and economics, and make 
        recommendations to the Secretary based on that 
        consultation.''.

SEC. 7103. SPECIALTY CROP COMMITTEE.

    (a) Establishment of Subcommittee.--Section 1408A(a) of the 
National Agricultural Research, Extension, and Teaching Policy 
Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 3123a(a)) is amended--
            (1) by striking ``Not later than'' and inserting 
        the following:
            ``(1) In general.--Not later than''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following new 
        paragraph:
            ``(2) Citrus disease subcommittee.--
                    ``(A) In general.--Not later than 45 days 
                after the date of the enactment of the 
                Agricultural Act of 2014, the Secretary shall 
                establish within the speciality crops 
                committee, and appoint the initial members of, 
                a citrus disease subcommittee to carry out the 
                responsibilities of the subcommittee described 
                in subsection (g) in accordance with subsection 
                (j)(3) of section 412 of the Agricultural 
                Research, Extension, and Education Reform Act 
                of 1998 (7 U.S.C. 7632).
                    ``(B) Composition.--The citrus disease 
                subcommittee shall be composed of 9 members, 
                each of whom is a domestic producer of citrus 
                in a State, represented as follows:
                            ``(i) Three of such members shall 
                        represent Arizona or California.
                            ``(ii) Five of such members shall 
                        represent Florida.
                            ``(iii) One of such members shall 
                        represent Texas.
                    ``(C) Membership.--The Secretary may 
                appoint individuals who are not members of the 
                specialty crops committee or the Advisory Board 
                established under section 1408 as members of 
                the citrus disease subcommittee
                    ``(D) Termination.--The subcommittee 
                established under subparagraph (A) shall 
                terminate on September 30, 2018.
                    ``(E) Federal advisory committee act.--The 
                subcommittee established under subparagraph (A) 
                shall be covered by the exemption to section 
                9(c) of the Federal Advisory Committee Act (5 
                U.S.C. App.) applicable to the Advisory Board 
                under section 1408(f).''.
    (b) Members.--Section 1408A(b) of the National Agricultural 
Research, Extension, and Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 
3123a(b)) is amended--
            (1) by striking ``Individuals'' and inserting the 
        following:
            ``(1) Eligibility.--Individuals'';
            (2) by striking ``Members'' and inserting the 
        following:
            ``(2) Service.--Members''; and
            (3) by adding at the end the following new 
        paragraph:
            ``(3) Diversity.--Membership of the specialty crops 
        committee shall reflect diversity in the specialty 
        crops represented.''.
    (c) Annual Committee Report.--Section 1408A(c) of the 
National Agricultural Research, Extension, and Teaching Policy 
Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 3123a(c)) is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1), by striking ``Measures'' and 
        inserting ``Programs'';
            (2) by striking paragraph (2);
            (3) by redesignating paragraphs (3), (4), and (5) 
        as paragraphs (2), (3), and (4), respectively;
            (4) in paragraph (2) (as so redesignated)--
                    (A) in the matter preceding subparagraph 
                (A), by striking ``Programs that would'' and 
                inserting ``Research, extension, and teaching 
                programs designed to improve competitiveness in 
                the specialty crop industry, including programs 
                that would'';
                    (B) in subparagraph (D), by inserting ``, 
                including improving the quality and taste of 
                processed specialty crops'' before the 
                semicolon; and
                    (C) in subparagraph (G), by inserting ``the 
                remote sensing and the'' before 
                ``mechanization''; and
            (5) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(5) Analysis of the alignment of specialty crops 
        committee recommendations with grants awarded through 
        the specialty crop research initiative established 
        under section 412 of the Agricultural Research, 
        Extension, and Education Reform Act of 1998 (7 U.S.C. 
        7632).''.
    (d) Consultation With Specialty Crop Industry.--Section 
1408A of the National Agricultural Research, Extension, and 
Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 3123a) is amended--
            (1) by redesignating subsections (d) and (e) as 
        subsections (e) and (f), respectively;
            (2) by inserting after subsection (c) the 
        following:
    ``(d) Consultation With Specialty Crop Industry.--In 
studying the scope and effectiveness of programs under 
subsection (a), the specialty crops committee shall consult on 
an ongoing basis with diverse sectors of the specialty crop 
industry.''; and
            (3) in subsection (f) (as redesignated by paragraph 
        (1)), by striking ``subsection (d)'' and inserting 
        ``subsection (e)''.
    (e) Duties of Citrus Disease Subcommittee.--Section 1408A 
of the National Agricultural Research, Extension, and Teaching 
Policy Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 3123a), as amended by subsection 
(d), is further amended by adding at the end the following new 
subsection:
    ``(g) Citrus Disease Subcommittee Duties.--For the purposes 
of subsection (j) of section 412 of the Agricultural Research, 
Extension, and Education Reform Act of 1998 (7 U.S.C. 7632), 
the citrus disease subcommittee shall--
            ``(1) advise the Secretary on citrus research, 
        extension, and development needs;
            ``(2) propose, by a favorable vote of two-thirds of 
        the members of the subcommittee, a research and 
        extension agenda and annual budgets for the funds made 
        available to carry out such subsection;
            ``(3) evaluate and review ongoing research and 
        extension funded under the emergency citrus disease 
        research and extension program (as defined in such 
        subsection);
            ``(4) establish, by a favorable vote of two-thirds 
        of the members of the subcommittee, annual priorities 
        for the award of grants under such subsection;
            ``(5) provide the Secretary any comments on grants 
        awarded under such subsection during the previous 
        fiscal year; and
            ``(6) engage in regular consultation and 
        collaboration with the Department and other 
        institutional, governmental, and private persons 
        conducting scientific research on, and extension 
        activities related to, the causes or treatments of 
        citrus diseases and pests, both domestic and invasive, 
        for purposes of--
                    ``(A) maximizing the effectiveness of 
                research and extension projects funded under 
                the citrus disease research and extension 
                program;
                    ``(B) hastening the development of useful 
                treatments;
                    ``(C) avoiding duplicative and wasteful 
                expenditures; and
                    ``(D) providing the Secretary with such 
                information and advice as the Secretary may 
                request.''.

SEC. 7104. VETERINARY SERVICES GRANT PROGRAM.

    The National Agricultural Research, Extension, and Teaching 
Policy Act of 1977 is amended by inserting after section 1415A 
(7 U.S.C. 3151a) the following new section:

``SEC. 1415B. VETERINARY SERVICES GRANT PROGRAM.

    ``(a) Definitions.--In this section:
            ``(1) Qualified entity.--The term `qualified 
        entity' means--
                    ``(A) a for-profit or nonprofit entity 
                located in the United States that, or an 
                individual who, operates a veterinary clinic 
                providing veterinary services--
                            ``(i) in a rural area, as defined 
                        in section 343(a) of the Consolidated 
                        Farm and Rural Development Act (7 
                        U.S.C. 1991(a)); and
                            ``(ii) in a veterinarian shortage 
                        situation;
                    ``(B) a State, national, allied, or 
                regional veterinary organization or specialty 
                board recognized by the American Veterinary 
                Medical Association;
                    ``(C) a college or school of veterinary 
                medicine accredited by the American Veterinary 
                Medical Association;
                    ``(D) a university research foundation or 
                veterinary medical foundation;
                    ``(E) a department of veterinary science or 
                department of comparative medicine accredited 
                by the Department of Education;
                    ``(F) a State agricultural experiment 
                station; or
                    ``(G) a State, local, or tribal government 
                agency.
            ``(2) Veterinarian shortage situation.--The term 
        `veterinarian shortage situation' means a veterinarian 
        shortage situation as determined by the Secretary under 
        section 1415A.
    ``(b) Establishment.--
            ``(1) Competitive grants.--The Secretary shall 
        carry out a program to make competitive grants to 
        qualified entities that carry out programs or 
        activities described in paragraph (2) for the purpose 
        of developing, implementing, and sustaining veterinary 
        services.
            ``(2) Eligibility requirements.--A qualified entity 
        shall be eligible to receive a grant described in 
        paragraph (1) if the entity carries out programs or 
        activities that the Secretary determines will--
                    ``(A) substantially relieve veterinarian 
                shortage situations;
                    ``(B) support or facilitate private 
                veterinary practices engaged in public health 
                activities; or
                    ``(C) support or facilitate the practices 
                of veterinarians who are providing or have 
                completed providing services under an agreement 
                entered into with the Secretary under section 
                1415A(a)(2).
    ``(c) Award Processes and Preferences.--
            ``(1) Application, evaluation, and input 
        processes.--In administering the grant program 
        established under this section, the Secretary shall--
                    ``(A) use an appropriate application and 
                evaluation process, as determined by the 
                Secretary; and
                    ``(B) seek the input of interested persons.
            ``(2) Coordination preference.--In selecting 
        recipients of grants to be used for any of the purposes 
        described in subsection (d)(1), the Secretary shall 
        give a preference to qualified entities that provide 
        documentation of coordination with other qualified 
        entities, with respect to any such purpose.
            ``(3) Consideration of available funds.--In 
        selecting recipients of grants to be used for any of 
        the purposes described in subsection (d), the Secretary 
        shall take into consideration the amount of funds 
        available for grants and the purposes for which the 
        grant funds will be used.
            ``(4) Nature of grants.--A grant awarded under this 
        section shall be considered to be a competitive 
        research, extension, or education grant.
    ``(d) Use of Grants To Relieve Veterinarian Shortage 
Situations and Support Veterinary Services.--
            ``(1) In general.--Except as provided in paragraph 
        (2), a qualified entity may use funds provided by a 
        grant awarded under this section to relieve 
        veterinarian shortage situations and support veterinary 
        services for any of the following purposes:
                    ``(A) To promote recruitment (including for 
                programs in secondary schools), placement, and 
                retention of veterinarians, veterinary 
                technicians, students of veterinary medicine, 
                and students of veterinary technology.
                    ``(B) To allow veterinary students, 
                veterinary interns, externs, fellows, and 
                residents, and veterinary technician students 
                to cover expenses (other than the types of 
                expenses described in section 1415A(c)(5)) to 
                attend training programs in food safety or food 
                animal medicine.
                    ``(C) To establish or expand accredited 
                veterinary education programs (including 
                faculty recruitment and retention), veterinary 
                residency and fellowship programs, or 
                veterinary internship and externship programs 
                carried out in coordination with accredited 
                colleges of veterinary medicine.
                    ``(D) To provide continuing education and 
                extension, including veterinary telemedicine 
                and other distance-based education, for 
                veterinarians, veterinary technicians, and 
                other health professionals needed to strengthen 
                veterinary programs and enhance food safety.
                    ``(E) To provide technical assistance for 
                the preparation of applications submitted to 
                the Secretary for designation as a veterinarian 
                shortage situation under this section or 
                section 1415A.
            ``(2) Qualified entities operating veterinary 
        clinics.--A qualified entity described in subsection 
        (a)(1)(A) may only use funds provided by a grant 
        awarded under this section to establish or expand 
        veterinary practices, including--
                    ``(A) equipping veterinary offices;
                    ``(B) sharing in the reasonable overhead 
                costs of such veterinary practices, as 
                determined by the Secretary; or
                    ``(C) establishing mobile veterinary 
                facilities in which a portion of the facilities 
                will address education or extension needs.
    ``(e) Special Requirements for Certain Grants.--
            ``(1) Terms of service requirements.--
                    ``(A) In general.--Funds provided through a 
                grant made under this section to a qualified 
                entity described in subsection (a)(1)(A) and 
                used by such entity under subsection (d)(2) 
                shall be subject to an agreement between the 
                Secretary and such entity that includes a 
                required term of service for such entity 
                (including a qualified entity operating as an 
                individual), as established by the Secretary.
                    ``(B) Considerations.--In establishing a 
                term of service under subparagraph (A), the 
                Secretary shall consider only--
                            ``(i) the amount of the grant 
                        awarded; and
                            ``(ii) the specific purpose of the 
                        grant.
            ``(2) Breach remedies.--
                    ``(A) In general.--An agreement under 
                paragraph (1) shall provide remedies for any 
                breach of the agreement by the qualified entity 
                referred to in paragraph (1)(A), including 
                repayment or partial repayment of the grant 
                funds, with interest.
                    ``(B) Waiver.--The Secretary may grant a 
                waiver of the repayment obligation for breach 
                of contract if the Secretary determines that 
                such qualified entity demonstrates extreme 
                hardship or extreme need.
                    ``(C) Treatment of amounts recovered.--
                Funds recovered under this paragraph shall--
                            ``(i) be credited to the account 
                        available to carry out this section; 
                        and
                            ``(ii) remain available until 
                        expended without further appropriation.
    ``(f) Prohibition on Use of Grant Funds for Construction.--
Except as provided in subsection (d)(2), funds made available 
for grants under this section may not be used--
            ``(1) to construct a new building or facility; or
            ``(2) to acquire, expand, remodel, or alter an 
        existing building or facility, including site grading 
        and improvement and architect fees.
    ``(g) Regulations.--Not later than 1 year after the date of 
the enactment of this section, the Secretary shall promulgate 
regulations to carry out this section.
    ``(h) Authorization of Appropriations.--There are 
authorized to be appropriated to the Secretary to carry out 
this section $10,000,000 for fiscal year 2014 and each fiscal 
year thereafter, to remain available until expended.''.

SEC. 7105. GRANTS AND FELLOWSHIPS FOR FOOD AND AGRICULTURE SCIENCES 
                    EDUCATION.

    Section 1417(m) of the National Agricultural Research, 
Extension, and Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 3152(m)) 
is amended by striking ``section $60,000,000'' and all that 
follows and inserting the following: ``section--
            ``(1) $60,000,000 for each of fiscal years 1990 
        through 2013; and
            ``(2) $40,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2014 
        through 2018.''.

SEC. 7106. AGRICULTURAL AND FOOD POLICY RESEARCH CENTERS.

    Section 1419A of the National Agricultural Research, 
Extension, and Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 3155) is 
amended--
            (1) in the section heading, by inserting 
        ``agricultural and food'' before ``policy'';
            (2) in subsection (a), in the matter preceding 
        paragraph (1)--
                    (A) by striking ``Secretary may'' and 
                inserting ``Secretary shall, acting through the 
                Office of the Chief Economist,''; and
                    (B) by striking ``make grants, competitive 
                grants, and special research grants to, and 
                enter into cooperative agreements and other 
                contracting instruments with,'' and inserting 
                ``make competitive grants to, or enter into 
                cooperative agreements with,'';
            (3) by striking subsection (b) and inserting the 
        following new subsection:
    ``(b) Eligible Recipients.--An entity eligible to apply for 
funding under subsection (a) is a State agricultural experiment 
station, college or university, or other public research 
institution or organization that has a history of providing--
            ``(1) unbiased, nonpartisan economic analysis to 
        Congress on the areas specified in paragraphs (1) 
        through (4) of subsection (a); or
            ``(2) objective, scientific information to Federal 
        agencies and the public to support and enhance 
        efficient, accurate implementation of Federal drought 
        preparedness and drought response programs, including 
        interagency thresholds used to determine eligibility 
        for mitigation or emergency assistance.'';
            (4) by redesignating subsections (c) and (d) as 
        subsections (d) and (e), respectively;
            (5) by inserting after subsection (b) the following 
        new subsection:
    ``(c) Preference.--In making awards under this section, the 
Secretary shall give a preference to policy research centers 
that have--
            ``(1) extensive databases, models, and demonstrated 
        experience in providing Congress with agricultural 
        market projections, rural development analysis, 
        agricultural policy analysis, and baseline projections 
        at the farm, multiregional, national, and international 
        levels; or
            ``(2) information, analysis, and research relating 
        to drought mitigation.'';
            (6) in subsection (d)(2) (as redesignated by 
        paragraph (4)), by inserting ``applied'' after 
        ``theoretical and''; and
            (7) by striking subsection (e) (as redesignated by 
        paragraph (4)) and inserting the following new 
        subsection:
    ``(e) Authorization of Appropriations.--There are 
authorized to be appropriated to carry out this section 
$10,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2014 through 2018.''.

SEC. 7107. EDUCATION GRANTS TO ALASKA NATIVE SERVING INSTITUTIONS AND 
                    NATIVE HAWAIIAN SERVING INSTITUTIONS.

    Section 1419B of the National Agricultural Research, 
Extension, and Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 3156) is 
amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1), by striking ``(or 
                grants without regard to any requirement for 
                competition)''; and
                    (B) in paragraph (3), by striking ``2012'' 
                and inserting ``2018''; and
            (2) in subsection (b)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1), by striking ``(or 
                grants without regard to any requirement for 
                competition)''; and
                    (B) in paragraph (3), by striking ``2012'' 
                and inserting ``2018''.

SEC. 7108. REPEAL OF HUMAN NUTRITION INTERVENTION AND HEALTH PROMOTION 
                    RESEARCH PROGRAM.

    Section 1424 of the National Agricultural Research, 
Extension, and Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 3174) is 
repealed.

SEC. 7109. REPEAL OF PILOT RESEARCH PROGRAM TO COMBINE MEDICAL AND 
                    AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH.

    Section 1424A of the National Agricultural Research, 
Extension, and Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 3174a) is 
repealed.

SEC. 7110. NUTRITION EDUCATION PROGRAM.

    Section 1425(f) of the National Agricultural Research, 
Extension, and Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 3175(f)) 
is amended by striking ``2012'' and inserting ``2018''.

SEC. 7111. CONTINUING ANIMAL HEALTH AND DISEASE RESEARCH PROGRAMS.

    (a) In General.--Section 1433 of the National Agricultural 
Research, Extension, and Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 
3195) is amended to read as follows:

``SEC. 1433. CONTINUING ANIMAL HEALTH AND DISEASE, FOOD SECURITY, AND 
                    STEWARDSHIP RESEARCH, EDUCATION, AND EXTENSION 
                    PROGRAMS.

    ``(a) Capacity and Infrastructure Program.--
            ``(1) In general.--In each State with one or more 
        accredited colleges of veterinary medicine, the deans 
        of the accredited college or colleges and the director 
        of the State agricultural experiment station shall 
        develop a comprehensive animal health and disease 
        research program for the State based on the animal 
        health research capacity of each eligible institution 
        in the State, which shall be submitted to the Secretary 
        for approval and shall be used for the allocation of 
        funds available to the State under this section.
            ``(2) Use of funds.--An eligible institution 
        allocated funds to carry out animal health and disease 
        research under this section may only use such funds--
                    ``(A) to meet the expenses of conducting 
                animal health and disease research, publishing 
                and disseminating the results of such research, 
                and contributing to the retirement of employees 
                subject to the Act of March 4, 1940 (7 U.S.C. 
                331);
                    ``(B) for administrative planning and 
                direction; and
                    ``(C) to purchase equipment and supplies 
                necessary for conducting research described in 
                subparagraph (A).
            ``(3) Cooperation among eligible institutions.--The 
        Secretary, to the maximum extent practicable, shall 
        encourage eligible institutions to cooperate in setting 
        research priorities under this section through 
        conducting regular regional and national meetings.
    ``(b) Competitive Grant Program.--
            ``(1) In general.--The Secretary, for purposes of 
        addressing the critical needs of animal agriculture, 
        shall award competitive grants to eligible entities 
        under which such eligible entities--
                    ``(A) conduct research--
                            ``(i) to promote food security, 
                        such as by--
                                    ``(I) improving feed 
                                efficiency;
                                    ``(II) improving energetic 
                                efficiency;
                                    ``(III) connecting 
                                genomics, proteomics, 
                                metabolomics and related 
                                phenomena to animal production;
                                    ``(IV) improving 
                                reproductive efficiency; and
                                    ``(V) enhancing pre- and 
                                post-harvest food safety 
                                systems; and
                            ``(ii) on the relationship between 
                        animal and human health, such as by--
                                    ``(I) exploring new 
                                approaches for vaccine 
                                development;
                                    ``(II) understanding and 
                                controlling zoonosis, including 
                                its impact on food safety;
                                    ``(III) improving animal 
                                health through feed; and
                                    ``(IV) enhancing product 
                                quality and nutritive value; 
                                and
                    ``(B) develop and disseminate to the public 
                tools and information based on the research 
                conducted under subparagraph (A) and sound 
                science.
            ``(2) Eligible entities.--An entity eligible to 
        receive a grant under this subsection is any of the 
        following:
                    ``(A) A State cooperative institution.
                    ``(B) An NLGCA Institution.
            ``(3) Administration.--In carrying out this 
        subsection, the Secretary shall establish procedures--
                    ``(A) to seek and accept proposals for 
                grants;
                    ``(B) to review and determine the relevance 
                and merit of proposals, in consultation with 
                representatives of the animal agriculture 
                industry;
                    ``(C) to provide a scientific peer review 
                of each proposal conducted by a panel of 
                subject matter experts from Federal agencies, 
                academic institutions, State animal health 
                agencies, and the animal agriculture industry; 
                and
                    ``(D) to award competitive grants on the 
                basis of merit, quality, and relevance.
    ``(c) Funding.--
            ``(1) Authorization of appropriations.--There are 
        authorized to be appropriated to carry out this section 
        $25,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2014 through 2018.
            ``(2) Reservation of funds.--The Secretary shall 
        reserve not less than $5,000,000 of the funds made 
        available under paragraph (1) to carry out the capacity 
        and infrastructure program under subsection (a).
            ``(3) Initial apportionment.--The amounts made 
        available under paragraph (1) that are remaining after 
        the reservation of funds under paragraph (2), shall be 
        apportioned as follows:
                    ``(A) 15 percent of such amounts shall be 
                used to carry out the capacity and 
                infrastructure program under subsection (a).
                    ``(B) 85 percent of such funds shall be 
                used to carry out the competitive grant program 
                under subsection (b).
            ``(4) Additional apportionment.--The funds reserved 
        under paragraph (2) and apportioned under paragraph 
        (3)(A) to carry out the capacity and infrastructure 
        program under subsection (a) shall be apportioned as 
        follows:
                    ``(A) Four percent shall be retained by the 
                Department of Agriculture for administration, 
                program assistance to the eligible 
                institutions, and program coordination.
                    ``(B) 48 percent shall be distributed among 
                the several States in the proportion that the 
                value of and income to producers from domestic 
                livestock, poultry, and commercial aquaculture 
                species in each State bears to the total value 
                of and income to producers from domestic 
                livestock, poultry, and commercial aquaculture 
                species in all the States. The Secretary shall 
                determine the total value of and income from 
                domestic livestock, poultry, and commercial 
                aquaculture species in all the States and the 
                proportionate value of and income from domestic 
                livestock, poultry, and commercial aquaculture 
                species for each State, based on the most 
                current inventory of all cattle, sheep, swine, 
                horses, poultry, and commercial aquaculture 
                species published by the Department of 
                Agriculture.
                    ``(C) 48 percent shall be distributed among 
                the several States in the proportion that the 
                animal health research capacity of the eligible 
                institutions in each State bears to the total 
                animal health research capacity in all the 
                States. The Secretary shall determine the 
                animal health research capacity of the eligible 
                institutions.
            ``(5) Special rules for apportionment of certain 
        funds.--With respect to funds reserved under paragraph 
        (2) and apportioned under paragraph (3)(A) to carry out 
        the capacity and infrastructure program under 
        subsection (a), the following shall apply:
                    ``(A) When the amount available under this 
                section for allotment to any State on the basis 
                of domestic livestock, poultry, and commercial 
                aquaculture species values and incomes exceeds 
                the amount for which the eligible institution 
                or institutions in the State are eligible on 
                the basis of animal health research capacity, 
                the excess may be used, at the discretion of 
                the Secretary, for remodeling of facilities, 
                construction of new facilities, or increase in 
                staffing, proportionate to the need for added 
                research capacity.
                    ``(B) Whenever a new college of veterinary 
                medicine is established in a State and is 
                accredited, the Secretary, after consultation 
                with the dean of such college and the director 
                of the State agricultural experiment station 
                and where applicable, deans of other accredited 
                colleges in the State, shall provide for the 
                reallocation of funds available to the State 
                pursuant to paragraph (4) between the new 
                college and other eligible institutions in the 
                State, based on the animal health research 
                capacity of each eligible institution.
                    ``(C) Whenever two or more States jointly 
                establish an accredited regional college of 
                veterinary medicine or jointly support an 
                accredited college of veterinary medicine 
                serving the States involved, the Secretary is 
                authorized to make funds which are available to 
                such States pursuant to paragraph (4) available 
                for such college in such amount that reflects 
                the combined relative value of, and income 
                from, domestic livestock, poultry, and 
                commercial aquaculture species in the 
                cooperating States, such amount to be adjusted, 
                as necessary, pursuant to subsection (a)(1) and 
                subparagraph (B).''.
    (b) Conforming Amendments.--
            (1) Definition of state cooperative institution.--
        Section 1404(18) of the National Agricultural Research, 
        Extension, and Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 
        3103(18)) is amended--
                    (A) in subparagraph (E), by striking 
                ``and'' at the end;
                    (B) in subparagraph (F), by striking 
                ``subtitles E, G,'' and inserting ``subtitles 
                G,'';
                    (C) by redesignating subparagraph (F) as 
                subparagraph (G); and
                    (D) by inserting after subparagraph (E) the 
                following new subparagraph:
                    ``(F) section 1430; and''.
            (2) Definition of capacity and infrastructure 
        program.--Section 251(f)(1)(C)(vi) of the Department of 
        Agriculture Reorganization Act of 1994 (7 
        U.S.C.6971(f)(1)(C)(vi)) is amended by inserting 
        ``except for the competitive grant program under 
        section 1433(b)'' before the period at the end.
            (3) Subtitle e of the national agricultural 
        research, extension, and teaching policy act of 1977.--
        Subtitle E of the National Agricultural Research, 
        Extension, and Teaching Policy Act of 1977 is amended--
                    (A) in section 1431(a) (7 U.S.C. 3193(a)), 
                by inserting ``under sections 1433(a) and 
                1434'' after ``eligible institutions'';
                    (B) in section 1435 (7 U.S.C. 3197), by 
                striking ``for allocation under the terms of 
                this subtitle'' and inserting ``to carry out 
                sections 1433(a) and 1434'';
                    (C) in section 1436 (7 U.S.C. 3198), in the 
                first sentence, by striking ``section 1433 of 
                this title'' and inserting ``subsection (c) of 
                section 1433 to carry out subsection (a) of 
                such section'';
                    (D) in section 1437 (7 U.S.C. 3199), in the 
                first sentence, by striking ``States under 
                section 1433 of this title'' and inserting 
                ``States under subsection (c) of section 1433 
                to carry out subsection (a) of such section'';
                    (E) in section 1438 (7 U.S.C. 3200), in the 
                first sentence by striking ``under this 
                subtitle'' and inserting ``under subsection (c) 
                of section 1433 to carry out subsection (a) of 
                such section''; and
                    (F) in section 1439 (7 U.S.C. 3201), by 
                striking ``under this subtitle'' and inserting 
                ``under subsection (c) of section 1433 to carry 
                out subsection (a) of such section or section 
                1434, as applicable,''.
            (4) Authorization for appropriations for existing 
        and certain new agricultural research programs.--
        Section 1463(c) of the National Agricultural Research, 
        Extension, and Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 
        3311(c)) is amended by striking ``sections 1433 and 
        1434'' and inserting ``sections 1433(a) and 1434''.

SEC. 7112. GRANTS TO UPGRADE AGRICULTURAL AND FOOD SCIENCES FACILITIES 
                    AT 1890 LAND-GRANT COLLEGES, INCLUDING TUSKEGEE 
                    UNIVERSITY.

    Section 1447(b) of the National Agricultural Research, 
Extension, and Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 3222b(b)) 
is amended by striking ``2012'' and inserting ``2018''.

SEC. 7113. GRANTS TO UPGRADE AGRICULTURE AND FOOD SCIENCE FACILITIES 
                    AND EQUIPMENT AT INSULAR AREA LAND-GRANT 
                    INSTITUTIONS.

    (a) Supporting Tropical and Subtropical Agricultural 
Research.--
            (1) In general.--Section 1447B(a) of the National 
        Agricultural Research, Extension, and Teaching Policy 
        Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 3222b-2(a)) is amended to read as 
        follows:
    ``(a) Purpose.--It is the intent of Congress to assist the 
land-grant colleges and universities in the insular areas in 
efforts to--
            ``(1) acquire, alter, or repair facilities or 
        relevant equipment necessary for conducting 
        agricultural research; and
            ``(2) support tropical and subtropical agricultural 
        research, including pest and disease research.''.
            (2) Conforming amendment.--Section 1447B of the 
        National Agricultural Research, Extension, and Teaching 
        Policy Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 3222b-2) is amended in the 
        heading--
                    (A) by inserting ``and support tropical and 
                subtropical agricultural research'' after 
                ``equipment''; and
                    (B) by striking ``institutions'' and 
                inserting ``colleges and universities''.
    (b) Extension.--Section 1447B(d) of the National 
Agricultural Research, Extension, and Teaching Policy Act of 
1977 (7 U.S.C. 3222b-2(d)) is amended by striking ``2012'' and 
inserting ``2018''.

SEC. 7114. REPEAL OF NATIONAL RESEARCH AND TRAINING VIRTUAL CENTERS.

    Section 1448 of the National Agricultural Research, 
Extension, and Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 3222c) is 
repealed.

SEC. 7115. HISPANIC-SERVING INSTITUTIONS.

    Section 1455(c) of the National Agricultural Research, 
Extension, and Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 3241(c)) 
is amended by striking ``2012'' and inserting ``2018''.

SEC. 7116. COMPETITIVE GRANTS PROGRAM FOR HISPANIC AGRICULTURAL WORKERS 
                    AND YOUTH.

    Section 1456(e)(1) of the National Agricultural Research, 
Extension, and Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 
3243(e)(1)) is amended to read as follows:
            ``(1) In general.--The Secretary shall establish a 
        competitive grants program--
                    ``(A) to fund fundamental and applied 
                research and extension at Hispanic-serving 
                agricultural colleges and universities in 
                agriculture, human nutrition, food science, 
                bioenergy, and environmental science; and
                    ``(B) to award competitive grants to 
                Hispanic-serving agricultural colleges and 
                universities to provide for training in the 
                food and agricultural sciences of Hispanic 
                agricultural workers and Hispanic youth working 
                in the food and agricultural sciences.''.

SEC. 7117. COMPETITIVE GRANTS FOR INTERNATIONAL AGRICULTURAL SCIENCE 
                    AND EDUCATION PROGRAMS.

    Section 1459A(c) of the National Agricultural Research, 
Extension, and Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 3292b(c)) 
is amended to read as follows:
    ``(c) Authorization of Appropriations.--There are 
authorized to be appropriated to carry out this section--
            ``(1) such sums as are necessary for each of fiscal 
        years 1999 through 2013; and
            ``(2) $5,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2014 
        through 2018.''.

SEC. 7118. REPEAL OF RESEARCH EQUIPMENT GRANTS.

    Section 1462A of the National Agricultural Research, 
Extension, and Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 3310a) is 
repealed.

SEC. 7119. UNIVERSITY RESEARCH.

    Section 1463 of the National Agricultural Research, 
Extension, and Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 3311) is 
amended by striking ``2012'' each place it appears in 
subsections (a) and (b) and inserting ``2018''.

SEC. 7120. EXTENSION SERVICE.

    Section 1464 of the National Agricultural Research, 
Extension, and Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 3312) is 
amended by striking ``2012'' and inserting ``2018''.

SEC. 7121. AUDITING, REPORTING, BOOKKEEPING, AND ADMINISTRATIVE 
                    REQUIREMENTS.

    Section 1469 of the National Agricultural Research, 
Extension, and Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 3315) is 
amended--
            (1) by redesignating subsections (b), (c), and (d) 
        as subsections (c), (d), and (e), respectively; and
            (2) by inserting after subsection (a) the following 
        new subsection:
    ``(b) Agreements With Former Agricultural Research 
Facilities of the Department.--To the maximum extent 
practicable, the Secretary, for purposes of supporting ongoing 
research and information dissemination activities, including 
supporting research and those activities through co-locating 
scientists and other technical personnel, sharing of laboratory 
and field equipment, and providing financial support, shall 
enter into grants, contracts, cooperative agreements, or other 
legal instruments with former Department of Agriculture 
agricultural research facilities.''.

SEC. 7122. SUPPLEMENTAL AND ALTERNATIVE CROPS.

    (a) Authorization of Appropriations and Termination.--
Section 1473D of the National Agricultural Research, Extension, 
and Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 3319d) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a), by striking ``2012'' and 
        inserting ``2018''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following new 
        subsection:
    ``(e) There are authorized to be appropriated to carry out 
this section--
            ``(1) such sums as are necessary for fiscal year 
        2013; and
            ``(2) $1,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2014 
        through 2018.''.
    (b) Competitive Grants.--Section 1473D(c)(1) of the 
National Agricultural Research, Extension, and Teaching Policy 
Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 3319d(c)(1)) is amended by striking ``use 
such research funding, special or competitive grants, or other 
means, as the Secretary determines,'' and inserting ``make 
competitive grants''.

SEC. 7123. CAPACITY BUILDING GRANTS FOR NLGCA INSTITUTIONS.

    Section 1473F(b) of the National Agricultural Research, 
Extension, and Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 3319i(b)) 
is amended by striking ``2012'' and inserting ``2018''.

SEC. 7124. AQUACULTURE ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS.

    (a) Competitive Grants.--Section 1475(b) of the National 
Agricultural Research, Extension, and Teaching Policy Act of 
1977 (7 U.S.C. 3322(b)) is amended in the matter preceding 
paragraph (1), by inserting ``competitive'' before ``grants''.
    (b) Authorization of Appropriations.--Section 1477 of the 
National Agricultural Research, Extension, and Teaching Policy 
Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 3324) is amended to read as follows:

``SEC. 1477. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

    ``(a) In General.--There are authorized to be appropriated 
to carry out this subtitle--
            ``(1) $7,500,000 for each of fiscal years 1991 
        through 2013; and
            ``(2) $5,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2014 
        through 2018.
    ``(b) Prohibition on Use.--Funds made available under this 
section may not be used to acquire or construct a building.''.

SEC. 7125. RANGELAND RESEARCH PROGRAMS.

    Section 1483(a) of the National Agricultural Research, 
Extension, and Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 3336(a)) 
is amended by striking ``subtitle'' and all that follows and 
inserting the following: ``subtitle--
            ``(1) $10,000,000 for each of fiscal years 1991 
        through 2013; and
            ``(2) $2,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2014 
        through 2018.''.

SEC. 7126. SPECIAL AUTHORIZATION FOR BIOSECURITY PLANNING AND RESPONSE.

    Section 1484(a) of the National Agricultural Research, 
Extension, and Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 3351(a)) 
is amended by striking ``response such sums as are necessary'' 
and all that follows and inserting the following: ``response--
            ``(1) such sums as are necessary for each of fiscal 
        years 2002 through 2013; and
            ``(2) $20,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2014 
        through 2018.''.

SEC. 7127. DISTANCE EDUCATION AND RESIDENT INSTRUCTION GRANTS PROGRAM 
                    FOR INSULAR AREA INSTITUTIONS OF HIGHER EDUCATION.

    (a) Distance Education Grants for Insular Areas.--
            (1) Competitive grants.--Section 1490(a) of the 
        National Agricultural Research, Extension, and Teaching 
        Policy Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 3362(a)) is amended by 
        striking ``or noncompetitive''.
            (2) Authorization of appropriations.--Section 
        1490(f) of the National Agricultural Research, 
        Extension, and Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 
        3362(f)) is amended by striking ``section'' and all 
        that follows and inserting the following: ``section--
            ``(1) such sums as are necessary for each of fiscal 
        years 2002 through 2013; and
            ``(2) $2,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2014 
        through 2018.''.
    (b) Resident Instruction Grants for Insular Areas.--Section 
1491(c) of the National Agricultural Research, Extension, and 
Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 3363(c)) is amended by 
striking ``such sums as are necessary'' and all that follows 
and inserting the following: ``to carry out this section--
            ``(1) such sums as are necessary for each of fiscal 
        years 2002 through 2013; and
            ``(2) $2,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2014 
        through 2018.''.

SEC. 7128. MATCHING FUNDS REQUIREMENT.

    (a) In General.--The National Agricultural Research, 
Extension, and Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 3101 et 
seq.) is amended by adding at the end the following new 
subtitle:

                    ``Subtitle P--General Provisions

``SEC. 1492. MATCHING FUNDS REQUIREMENT.

    ``(a) In General.--The recipient of a competitive grant 
that is awarded by the Secretary under a covered law shall 
provide funds, in-kind contributions, or a combination of both, 
from sources other than funds provided through such grant in an 
amount that is at least equal to the amount of such grant.
    ``(b) Exception.--The matching funds requirement under 
subsection (a) shall not apply to grants awarded--
            ``(1) to a research agency of the Department of 
        Agriculture; or
            ``(2) to an entity eligible to receive funds under 
        a capacity and infrastructure program (as defined in 
        section 251(f)(1)(C) of the Department of Agriculture 
        Reorganization Act of 1994 (7 U.S.C. 6971(f)(1)(C))), 
        including a partner of such entity.
    ``(c) Waiver.--The Secretary may waive the matching funds 
requirement under subsection (a) for a year with respect to a 
competitive grant that involves research or extension 
activities that are consistent with the priorities established 
by the National Agricultural Research, Extension, Education, 
and Economics Advisory Board under section 1408(c)(1)(B) for 
the year involved. 
    ``(d) Covered Law.--In this section, the term `covered law' 
means each of the following provisions of law:
            ``(1) This title.
            ``(2) Title XVI of the Food, Agriculture, 
        Conservation, and Trade Act of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 5801 et 
        seq.).
            ``(3) The Agricultural Research, Extension, and 
        Education Reform Act of 1998 (7 U.S.C. 7601 et seq.).
            ``(4) Part III of subtitle E of title VII of the 
        Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008.
            ``(5) The Competitive, Special, and Facilities 
        Research Grant Act (7 U.S.C. 450i).''.
    (b) Conforming Amendments.--
            (1) National agricultural research, extension, and 
        teaching policy act of 1977.--The National Agricultural 
        Research, Extension, and Teaching Policy Act of 1977 is 
        amended--
                    (A) in section 1415(a) (7 U.S.C. 3151(a)), 
                by striking the second sentence;
                    (B) in section 1475(b) (7 U.S.C. 3322(b)), 
                in the matter following paragraph (4), by 
                striking ``Except in the case of'' and all that 
                follows; and
                    (C) in section 1480 (7 U.S.C. 3333)--
                            (i) by striking subsection (b); and
                            (ii) by striking ``(a) In 
                        General.--The Secretary'' and inserting 
                        ``The Secretary''.
            (2) Food, agriculture, conservation, and trade act 
        of 1990.--The Food, Agriculture, Conservation, and 
        Trade Act of 1990 is amended--
                    (A) in section 1623(d)(2) (7 U.S.C. 
                5813(d)(2)), by adding at the end the 
                following: ``The matching funds requirement 
                under section 1492 of the National Agricultural 
                Research, Extension, and Teaching Policy Act of 
                1977 shall not apply to grants awarded under 
                this section.'';
                    (B) in section 1671 (7 U.S.C. 5924)--
                            (i) by striking subsection (e); and
                            (ii) by redesignating subsection 
                        (f) as subsection (e);
                    (C) in section 1672 (7 U.S.C. 5925)--
                            (i) by striking subsection (c); and
                            (ii) by redesignating subsections 
                        (d) through (j) as subsections (c) 
                        through (i), respectively; and
                    (D) in section 1672B (7 U.S.C. 5925b)--
                            (i) by striking subsection (c); and
                            (ii) by redesignating subsections 
                        (d), (e), and (f) as subsections (c), 
                        (d), and (e), respectively.
            (3) Agricultural research, extension, and education 
        reform act of 1998.--The Agricultural Research, 
        Extension, and Education Reform Act of 1998 is 
        amended--
                    (A) in section 406 (7 U.S.C. 7626)--
                            (i) by striking subsection (d); and
                            (ii) by redesignating subsections 
                        (e) and (f) as subsections (d) and (e), 
                        respectively; and
                    (B) in section 412(e) (7 U.S.C. 7632(e))--
                            (i) by striking paragraph (3); and
                            (ii) by redesignating paragraph (4) 
                        as paragraph (3).
            (4) Competitive, special, and facilities research 
        grant act.--Subsection (b)(9) of the Competitive, 
        Special, and Facilities Research Grant Act (7 U.S.C. 
        450i(b)(9)) is amended--
                    (A) in subparagraph (A), by adding at the 
                end the following new clause:
                            ``(iii) Exemption.--The matching 
                        funds requirement under section 1492 of 
                        the National Agricultural Research, 
                        Extension, and Teaching Policy Act of 
                        1977 shall not apply in the case of a 
                        grant made under paragraph (6)(A).''; 
                        and
                    (B) by striking subparagraph (B).
            (5) Sun grant program.--Section 7526(c)(1)(D)(iv) 
        of the Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008 (7 
        U.S.C. 8114(c)(1)(D)(iv)) is amended by adding at the 
        end the following new subclause:
                                    ``(IV) Relation to other 
                                matching fund requirement.--The 
                                matching funds requirement 
                                under section 1492 of the 
                                National Agricultural Research, 
                                Extension, and Teaching Policy 
                                Act of 1977 shall not apply in 
                                the case of a grant provided by 
                                a sun grant center or subcenter 
                                under this paragraph.''.
    (c) Application to Amendments.--
            (1) New grants.--Section 1492 of the National 
        Agricultural Research, Extension, and Teaching Policy 
        Act of 1977, as added by subsection (a), shall apply 
        with respect to grants described in such section 
        awarded after October 1, 2014, unless the provision of 
        a covered law under which such grants are awarded 
        specifically exempts such grants from the matching 
        funds requirement under such section.
            (2) Grants awarded on or before october 1, 2014.--
        Notwithstanding the amendments made by subsection (b), 
        a matching funds requirement in effect on or before the 
        date of the enactment of this section under a provision 
        of a covered law shall continue to apply to a grant 
        awarded under such provision on or before October 1, 
        2014.

SEC. 7129. DESIGNATION OF CENTRAL STATE UNIVERSITY AS 1890 INSTITUTION.

    (a) Designation.--Any provision of a Federal law relating 
to colleges and universities eligible to receive funds under 
the Act of August 30, 1890 (7 U.S.C. 321 et seq.), including 
Tuskegee University, shall apply to Central State University.
    (b) Funding Restriction.--Notwithstanding the designation 
under subsection (a), for fiscal years 2014 and 2015, Central 
State University shall not be eligible to receive formula funds 
under--
            (1) section 1444 or 1445 of the National 
        Agricultural Research, Extension, and Teaching Policy 
        Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 3221 and 3222);
            (2) section 3(d) of the Smith-Lever Act (7 U.S.C. 
        343(d)) to carry out the national education program 
        established under section 1425 of the National 
        Agricultural Research, Extension, and Teaching Policy 
        Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 3175);
            (3) the Renewable Resources Extension Act of 1978 
        (16 U.S.C. 1671 et seq.); or
            (4) Public Law 87-788 (commonly known as the 
        McIntire-Stennis Cooperative Forestry Act; 16 U.S.C. 
        582a et seq.).

   Subtitle B--Food, Agriculture, Conservation, and Trade Act of 1990

SEC. 7201. BEST UTILIZATION OF BIOLOGICAL APPLICATIONS.

    Section 1624 of the Food, Agriculture, Conservation, and 
Trade Act of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 5814) is amended in the first 
sentence--
            (1) by striking ``$40,000,000 for each fiscal 
        year''; and
            (2) by inserting ``$40,000,000 for each of fiscal 
        years 2013 through 2018'' after ``chapter''.

SEC. 7202. INTEGRATED MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS.

    Section 1627(d) of the Food, Agriculture, Conservation, and 
Trade Act of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 5821(d)) is amended to read as 
follows:
    ``(d) Authorization of Appropriations.--There are 
authorized to be appropriated to carry out this section through 
the National Institute of Food and Agriculture $20,000,000 for 
each of fiscal years 2013 through 2018.''.

SEC. 7203. SUSTAINABLE AGRICULTURE TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT AND TRANSFER 
                    PROGRAM.

    Section 1628(f) of the Food, Agriculture, Conservation, and 
Trade Act of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 5831(f)) is amended to read as 
follows:
    ``(f) Authorization of Appropriations.--There are 
authorized to be appropriated to carry out this section--
            ``(1) such sums as are necessary for fiscal year 
        2013; and
            ``(2) $5,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2014 
        through 2018.''.

SEC. 7204. NATIONAL TRAINING PROGRAM.

    Section 1629(i) of the Food, Agriculture, Conservation, and 
Trade Act of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 5832(i)) is amended to read as 
follows:
    ``(i) Authorization of Appropriations.--There are 
authorized to be appropriated to carry out the National 
Training Program $20,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2013 
through 2018.''.

SEC. 7205. NATIONAL GENETICS RESOURCES PROGRAM.

    Section 1635(b) of the Food, Agriculture, Conservation, and 
Trade Act of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 5844(b)) is amended--
            (1) by striking ``such funds as may be necessary''; 
        and
            (2) by striking ``subtitle'' and all that follows 
        and inserting the following: ``subtitle--
            ``(1) such sums as are necessary for each of fiscal 
        years 1991 through 2013; and
            ``(2) $1,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2014 
        through 2018.''.

SEC. 7206. NATIONAL AGRICULTURAL WEATHER INFORMATION SYSTEM.

    Section 1641(c) of the Food, Agriculture, Conservation, and 
Trade Act of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 5855(c)) is amended--
            (1) by striking ``$5,000,000 to carry out this 
        subtitle'' and inserting ``to carry out this subtitle 
        $5,000,000''; and
            (2) by inserting ``and $1,000,000 for each of 
        fiscal years 2014 through 2018'' before the period at 
        the end.

SEC. 7207. REPEAL OF RURAL ELECTRONIC COMMERCE EXTENSION PROGRAM.

    Section 1670 of the Food, Agriculture, Conservation, and 
Trade Act of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 5923) is repealed.

SEC. 7208. AGRICULTURAL GENOME INITIATIVE.

    Section 1671(c) of the Food, Agriculture, Conservation, and 
Trade Act of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 5924(c)) is amended by adding at 
the end the following:
            ``(3) Consortia.--The Secretary shall encourage 
        awards under this section to consortia of eligible 
        entities.''.

SEC. 7209. HIGH-PRIORITY RESEARCH AND EXTENSION INITIATIVES.

    Section 1672 of the Food, Agriculture, Conservation, and 
Trade Act of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 5925) is amended--
            (1) in the first sentence of subsection (a), by 
        striking ``subsections (e) through (i)'' and inserting 
        ``subsections (d) through (g)'';
            (2) in subsection (b)(2), in the first sentence, by 
        striking ``subsections (e) through (i)'' and inserting 
        ``subsections (d) through (g)'';
            (3) by striking subsection (h) (as redesignated by 
        section 7128(b)(2)(C)(ii));
            (4) by redesignating subsection (i) (as 
        redesignated by such section) as subsection (h);
            (5) in subsection (d) (as redesignated by such 
        section)--
                    (A) by striking paragraphs (1) through (5), 
                (7), (8), (11) through (43), (47), (48), (51), 
                and (52);
                    (B) by redesignating paragraphs (6), (9), 
                (10), (44), (45), (46), (49), and (50) as 
                paragraphs (1), (2), (3), (4), (5), (6), (7), 
                and (8), respectively; and
                    (C) by adding at the end the following new 
                paragraphs:
            ``(9) Coffee plant health initiative.--Research and 
        extension grants may be made under this section for the 
        purposes of--
                    ``(A) developing and disseminating science-
                based tools and treatments to combat the coffee 
                berry borer (Hypothenemus hampei); and
                    ``(B) establishing an areawide integrated 
                pest management program in areas affected by, 
                or areas at risk of, being affected by the 
                coffee berry borer.
            ``(10) Corn, soybean meal, cereal grains, and grain 
        byproducts research and extension.--Research and 
        extension grants may be made under this section for the 
        purpose of carrying out or enhancing research to 
        improve the digestibility, nutritional value, and 
        efficiency of the use of corn, soybean meal, cereal 
        grains, and grain byproducts for the poultry and food 
        animal production industries.'';
            (6) by striking subsection (e) (as redesignated by 
        such section)and inserting the following new 
        subsection:
    ``(e) Pulse Crop Health Initiative.--
            ``(1) Definitions.--In this subsection:
                    ``(A) Initiative.--The term `Initiative' 
                means the pulse crop health initiative 
                established by paragraph (2).
                    ``(B) Pulse crop.--The term `pulse crop' 
                means dry beans, dry peas, lentils, and 
                chickpeas.
            ``(2) Establishment.--The Secretary shall carry out 
        a pulse crop health competitive research and extension 
        initiative to address the critical needs of the pulse 
        crop industry by developing and disseminating science-
        based tools and information, including--
                    ``(A) research conducted with respect to 
                pulse crops in the areas of health and 
                nutrition, such as--
                            ``(i) pulse crop diets and the 
                        ability of such diets to reduce obesity 
                        and associated chronic disease; and
                            ``(ii) the underlying mechanisms of 
                        the health benefits of pulse crop 
                        consumption;
                    ``(B) research related to the functionality 
                of pulse crops, such as--
                            ``(i) improving the functional 
                        properties of pulse crops and pulse 
                        crop fractions; and
                            ``(ii) developing new and 
                        innovative technologies to improve 
                        pulse crops as an ingredient in food 
                        products;
                    ``(C) research conducted with respect to 
                pulse crops for purposes of enhancing 
                sustainability and global food security, such 
                as--
                            ``(i) improving pulse crop 
                        productivity, nutrient density, and 
                        phytonutrient content using plant 
                        breeding, genetics, and genomics;
                            ``(ii) improving pest and disease 
                        management, including resistance to 
                        pests and diseases; and
                            ``(iii) improving nitrogen fixation 
                        and water use efficiency to reduce the 
                        carbon and energy footprint of 
                        agriculture;
                    ``(D) the optimization of systems used in 
                producing pulse crops to reduce water usage; 
                and
                    ``(E) education and technical assistance 
                programs with respect to pulse crops, such as 
                programs--
                            ``(i) providing technical expertise 
                        to help food companies include pulse 
                        crops in innovative and healthy food; 
                        and
                            ``(ii) establishing an educational 
                        program to encourage pulse crop 
                        consumption in the United States.
            ``(3) Administration.--Paragraphs (4), (7), (8), 
        and (11)(B) of subsection (b) of the Competitive, 
        Special, and Facilities Research Grant Act (7 U.S.C. 
        450i(b)) shall apply with respect to the making of a 
        competitive grant under this subsection.
            ``(4) Priorities.--In making competitive grants 
        under this subsection, the Secretary shall provide a 
        higher priority to projects that--
                    ``(A) are multistate, multiinstitutional, 
                and multidisciplinary; and
                    ``(B) include explicit mechanisms to 
                communicate results to the pulse crop industry 
                and the public.
            ``(5) Authorization of appropriations.--There are 
        authorized to be appropriated to carry out this 
        subsection $25,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2014 
        through 2018.'';
            (7) by striking subsection (f) (as redesignated by 
        such section) and inserting the following new 
        subsection:
    ``(f) Training Coordination for Food and Agriculture 
Protection.--
            ``(1) In general.--The Secretary shall make a 
        competitive grant to, or enter into a contract or a 
        cooperative agreement with, an eligible entity 
        (described in paragraph (2)) for purposes of 
        establishing an internationally integrated training 
        system to enhance the protection of the food supply in 
        the United States, to be known as the `Comprehensive 
        Food Safety Training Network' (referred to in this 
        subsection as the `Network').
            ``(2) Eligibility.--
                    ``(A) In general.--For purposes of this 
                subsection, an eligible entity is a 
                multiinstitutional consortium that includes--
                            ``(i) a nonprofit institution that 
                        provides food safety protection 
                        training; and
                            ``(ii) one or more training centers 
                        in institutions of higher education (as 
                        defined in section 101 of the Higher 
                        Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1001)) 
                        that have demonstrated expertise in 
                        developing and delivering community-
                        based training in food supply and 
                        agricultural safety and defense.
                    ``(B) Collective consideration.--The 
                Secretary may consider such consortium 
                collectively and not on an institution-by-
                institution basis.
            ``(3) Duties of eligible entity.--As a condition of 
        receiving a competitive grant or entering into a 
        contract or a cooperative agreement with the Secretary 
        under this subsection, the eligible entity, in 
        cooperation with the Secretary, shall establish and 
        maintain the Network, including by--
                    ``(A) providing basic, technical, 
                management, and leadership training (including 
                by developing curricula) to regulatory and 
                public health officials, producers, processors, 
                and other agribusinesses;
                    ``(B) serving as the hub for the 
                administration of the Network;
                    ``(C) implementing a standardized national 
                curriculum to ensure the consistent delivery of 
                quality training throughout the United States;
                    ``(D) building and overseeing a nationally 
                recognized instructor cadre to ensure the 
                availability of highly qualified instructors;
                    ``(E) reviewing training proposed through 
                the National Institute of Food and Agriculture 
                and other relevant Federal agencies that report 
                to the Secretary on the quality and content of 
                proposed and existing courses;
                    ``(F) assisting Federal agencies in the 
                implementation of food safety protection 
                training requirements including requirements 
                under the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act 
                (21 U.S.C. 301 et seq.), the Agricultural Act 
                of 2014, and any provision of law amended by 
                such Act; and
                    ``(G) performing evaluation and outcome-
                based studies to provide to the Secretary 
                information on the effectiveness and impact of 
                training and metrics on jurisdictions and 
                sectors within the food safety system.
            ``(4) Membership.--An eligible entity may alter the 
        consortium membership to meet specific training 
        expertise needs.
            ``(5) Authorization of appropriations.--There are 
        authorized to be appropriated to carry out this 
        subsection $20,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2014 
        through 2018, to remain available until expended.'';
            (8) in subsection (g) (as redesignated by such 
        section)--
                    (A) by striking ``2012'' each place it 
                appears in paragraphs (1)(B), (2)(B), and (3) 
                and inserting ``2018'';
                    (B) in paragraph (3)--
                            (i) in the heading, by striking 
                        ``pest and pathogen''; and
                            (ii) by striking ``pest and 
                        pathogen surveillance'' and inserting 
                        ``pest, pathogen, health, and 
                        population status surveillance'';
                    (C) by redesignating paragraph (4) as 
                paragraph (5);
                    (D) by inserting after paragraph (3) the 
                following new paragraph:
            ``(4) Consultation.--The Secretary, in consultation 
        with the Secretary of the Interior and the 
        Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency, 
        shall publish guidance on enhancing pollinator health 
        and the long-term viability of populations of 
        pollinators, including recommendations related to--
                    ``(A) allowing for managed honey bees to 
                forage on National Forest System lands where 
                compatible with other natural resource 
                management priorities; and
                    ``(B) planting and maintaining managed 
                honey bee and native pollinator foraging on 
                National Forest System lands where compatible 
                with other natural resource management 
                priorities.''; and
                    (E) in paragraph (5) (as redesignated by 
                subparagraph (C))--
                            (i) by redesignating subparagraphs 
                        (A) and (B) as clauses (i) and (ii), 
                        respectively, and moving the margins of 
                        such subparagraphs two ems to the 
                        right;
                            (ii) by striking ``annual report 
                        describing'' and inserting the 
                        following: ``annual report--
                    ``(A) describing'';
                            (iii) in clause (i) (as 
                        redesignated by clause (i) of this 
                        subparagraph)--
                                    (I) by inserting ``and 
                                honey bee health disorders'' 
                                after ``collapse''; and
                                    (II) by striking ``and'' at 
                                the end;
                            (iv) in clause (ii) (as 
                        redesignated by clause (i) of this 
                        subparagraph)--
                                    (I) by inserting ``, 
                                including best management 
                                practices'' after 
                                ``strategies''; and
                                    (II) by striking the period 
                                at the end and inserting ``; 
                                and'';
                            (v) by adding at the end the 
                        following new clause:
                            ``(iii) addressing the decline of 
                        managed honey bees and native 
                        pollinators;''; and
                            (vi) by adding at the end the 
                        following new subparagraphs:
                    ``(B) assessing Federal efforts to mitigate 
                pollinator losses and threats to the United 
                States commercial beekeeping industry; and
                    ``(C) providing recommendations to Congress 
                regarding how to better coordinate Federal 
                agency efforts to address the decline of 
                managed honey bees and native pollinators.''; 
                and
            (9) in subsection (h) (as redesignated by paragraph 
        (4)), by striking ``2012'' and inserting ``2018''.

SEC. 7210. REPEAL OF NUTRIENT MANAGEMENT RESEARCH AND EXTENSION 
                    INITIATIVE.

    Section 1672A of the Food, Agriculture, Conservation, and 
Trade Act of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 5925a) is repealed.

SEC. 7211. ORGANIC AGRICULTURE RESEARCH AND EXTENSION INITIATIVE.

    Section 1672B of the Food, Agriculture, Conservation, and 
Trade Act of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 5925b) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)--
                    (A) in the matter preceding paragraph (1), 
                by inserting ``, education,'' after ``support 
                research'';
                    (B) in paragraph (1), by inserting ``and 
                improvement'' after ``development'';
                    (C) in paragraph (2), by striking ``to 
                producers and processors who use organic 
                methods'' and inserting ``of organic 
                agricultural production and methods to 
                producers, processors, and rural communities''; 
                and
                    (D) in paragraph (6), by striking ``and 
                marketing and to socioeconomic conditions'' and 
                inserting ``, marketing, food safety, 
                socioeconomic conditions, and farm business 
                management''; and
            (2) in subsection (e) (as redesignated by section 
        7128(b)(2)(D)(ii))--
                    (A) in paragraph (1)--
                            (i) in the heading, by striking 
                        ``for fiscal years 2009 through 2012'';
                            (ii) in subparagraph (A), by 
                        striking ``and'' at the end;
                            (iii) in subparagraph (B), by 
                        striking the period at the end and 
                        inserting ``; and''; and
                            (iv) by adding at the end the 
                        following:
                    ``(C) $20,000,000 for each of fiscal years 
                2014 through 2018.''; and
                    (B) in paragraph (2)--
                            (i) in the heading, by striking 
                        ``2009 through 2012'' and inserting 
                        ``2014 through 2018''; and
                            (ii) by striking ``2009 through 
                        2012'' and inserting ``2014 through 
                        2018''.

SEC. 7212. REPEAL OF AGRICULTURAL BIOENERGY FEEDSTOCK AND ENERGY 
                    EFFICIENCY RESEARCH AND EXTENSION INITIATIVE.

    (a) Repeal.--Section 1672C of the Food, Agriculture, 
Conservation, and Trade Act of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 5925e) is 
repealed.
    (b) Conforming Amendment.--Section 251(f)(1)(D) of the 
Department of Agriculture Reorganization Act of 1994 (7 U.S.C. 
6971(f)(1)(D)) is amended--
            (1) by striking clause (xi); and
            (2) by redesignating clauses (xii) and (xiii) as 
        clauses (xi) and (xii), respectively.

SEC. 7213. FARM BUSINESS MANAGEMENT.

    Section 1672D(d) of the Food, Agriculture, Conservation, 
and Trade Act of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 5925f(d)) is amended by 
striking ``such sums as are necessary to carry out this 
section.'' and inserting the following: ``to carry out this 
section--
            ``(1) such sums as are necessary for fiscal year 
        2013; and
            ``(2) $5,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2014 
        through 2018.''.

SEC. 7214. CENTERS OF EXCELLENCE.

    (a) In General.--The Food, Agriculture, Conservation, and 
Trade Act of 1990 is amended by inserting after section 1672D 
(7 U.S.C. 5925f) the following new section:

``SEC. 1673. CENTERS OF EXCELLENCE.

    ``(a) Funding Priorities.--The Secretary shall prioritize 
centers of excellence established for purposes of carrying out 
research, extension, and education activities relating to the 
food and agricultural sciences (as defined in section 1404 of 
the National Agricultural Research, Extension, and Teaching 
Policy Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 3103)) for the receipt of funding 
for any competitive research or extension program administered 
by the Secretary.
    ``(b) Composition.--A center of excellence is composed of 1 
or more of the eligible entities specified in subsection (b)(7) 
of the Competitive, Special, and Facilities Research Grant Act 
(7 U.S.C. 450i(b)(7)) that provide financial or in-kind support 
to the center of excellence.
    ``(c) Criteria for Centers of Excellence.--
            ``(1) Required efforts.--The criteria for 
        recognition as a center of excellence shall include 
        efforts--
                    ``(A) to ensure coordination and cost 
                effectiveness by reducing unnecessarily 
                duplicative efforts regarding research, 
                teaching, and extension;
                    ``(B) to leverage available resources by 
                using public-private partnerships among 
                agricultural industry groups, institutions of 
                higher education, and the Federal Government;
                    ``(C) to implement teaching initiatives to 
                increase awareness and effectively disseminate 
                solutions to target audiences through extension 
                activities; and
                    ``(D) to increase the economic returns to 
                rural communities by identifying, attracting, 
                and directing funds to high-priority 
                agricultural issues.
            ``(2) Additional efforts.--Where practicable, the 
        criteria for recognition as a center of excellence 
        shall include efforts to improve teaching capacity and 
        infrastructure at colleges and universities (including 
        land-grant colleges and universities, cooperating 
        forestry schools, NLGCA Institutions (as those terms 
        are defined in section 1404 of the National 
        Agricultural Research, Extension, and Teaching Policy 
        Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 3103)), and schools of veterinary 
        medicine).''.
    (b) Effective Date.--The amendments made by subsection (a) 
shall take effect on October 1, 2014.

SEC. 7215. REPEAL OF RED MEAT SAFETY RESEARCH CENTER.

    Section 1676 of the Food, Agriculture, Conservation, and 
Trade Act of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 5929) is repealed.

SEC. 7216. ASSISTIVE TECHNOLOGY PROGRAM FOR FARMERS WITH DISABILITIES.

    Section 1680(c)(1) of the Food, Agriculture, Conservation, 
and Trade Act of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 5933(c)(1)) is amended--
            (1) by striking ``is'' and inserting ``are''; and
            (2) by striking ``section'' and all that follows 
        and inserting the following: ``section--
                    ``(A) $6,000,000 for each of fiscal years 
                1999 through 2013; and
                    ``(B) $5,000,000 for each of fiscal years 
                2014 through 2018.''.

SEC. 7217. NATIONAL RURAL INFORMATION CENTER CLEARINGHOUSE.

    Section 2381(e) of the Food, Agriculture, Conservation, and 
Trade Act of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 3125b(e)) is amended by striking 
``2012'' and inserting ``2018''.

Subtitle C--Agricultural Research, Extension, and Education Reform Act 
                                of 1998

SEC. 7301. RELEVANCE AND MERIT OF AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH, EXTENSION, AND 
                    EDUCATION FUNDED BY THE DEPARTMENT.

    Section 103(a)(2) of the Agricultural Research, Extension, 
and Education Reform Act of 1998 (7 U.S.C. 7613(a)(2)) is 
amended--
            (1) in the heading by striking ``Merit review of 
        extension'' and inserting ``Relevance and merit review 
        of research, extension,'';
            (2) in subparagraph (A)--
                    (A) by inserting ``relevance and'' before 
                ``merit''; and
                    (B) by striking ``extension or education'' 
                and inserting ``research, extension, or 
                education''; and
            (3) in subparagraph (B), by inserting ``on a 
        continuous basis'' after ``procedures''.

SEC. 7302. INTEGRATED RESEARCH, EDUCATION, AND EXTENSION COMPETITIVE 
                    GRANTS PROGRAM.

    Subsection (e) of section 406 of the Agricultural Research, 
Extension, and Education Reform Act of 1998 (7 U.S.C. 7626) (as 
redesignated by section 7128(b)(3)(A)(ii)) is amended by 
striking ``2012'' and inserting ``2018''.

SEC. 7303. SUPPORT FOR RESEARCH REGARDING DISEASES OF WHEAT, TRITICALE, 
                    AND BARLEY CAUSED BY FUSARIUM GRAMINEARUM OR BY 
                    TILLETIA INDICA.

    Section 408(e) of the Agricultural Research, Extension, and 
Education Reform Act of 1998 (7 U.S.C. 7628(e)) is amended to 
read as follows:
    ``(e) Authorization of Appropriations.--There are 
authorized to be appropriated to carry out this section--
            ``(1) such sums as may be necessary for each of 
        fiscal years 1999 through 2013; and
            ``(2) $10,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2014 
        through 2018.''.

SEC. 7304. REPEAL OF BOVINE JOHNE'S DISEASE CONTROL PROGRAM.

    Section 409 of the Agricultural Research, Extension, and 
Education Reform Act of 1998 (7 U.S.C. 7629) is repealed.

SEC. 7305. GRANTS FOR YOUTH ORGANIZATIONS.

    Section 410(d) of the Agricultural Research, Extension, and 
Education Reform Act of 1998 (7 U.S.C. 7630(d)) is amended by 
striking ``section such sums as are necessary'' and all that 
follows and inserting the following: ``section--
            ``(1) such sums as are necessary for each of fiscal 
        years 2008 through 2013; and
            ``(2) $3,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2014 
        through 2018.''.

SEC. 7306. SPECIALTY CROP RESEARCH INITIATIVE.

    Section 412 of the Agricultural Research, Extension, and 
Education Reform Act of 1998 (7 U.S.C. 7632) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)--
                    (A) by redesignating paragraphs (1) and (2) 
                as paragraphs (2) and (3), respectively;
                    (B) by inserting before paragraph (2) (as 
                so redesignated), the following new paragraph:
            ``(1) Citrus disease subcommittee.--The term 
        `citrus disease subcommittee' means the subcommittee 
        established under section 1408A(a)(2) of the National 
        Agricultural Research, Extension, and Teaching Policy 
        Act of 1977.'';and
                    (C) by adding at the end the following new 
                paragraph:
            ``(4) Specialty crops committee.--The term 
        `specialty crops committee' means the committee 
        established under section 1408A of the National 
        Agricultural Research, Extension, and Teaching Policy 
        Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 3123a).'';
            (2) in subsection (b)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1), by striking ``and 
                genomics'' and inserting ``genomics, and other 
                methods''; and
                    (B) in paragraph (3), by inserting 
                ``handling and processing,'' after ``production 
                efficiency,'';
            (3) in subsection (c), in the matter preceding 
        paragraph (1), by striking ``the Initiative'' and 
        inserting ``this section'';
            (4) by striking subsection (d) and inserting the 
        following new subsection:
    ``(d) Review of Proposals.--In carrying out this section, 
the Secretary shall award competitive grants on the basis of--
            ``(1) a scientific peer review conducted by a panel 
        of subject matter experts from Federal agencies, non-
        Federal entities, and the specialty crop industry; and
            ``(2) a review and ranking for merit, relevance, 
        and impact conducted by a panel of specialty crop 
        industry representatives for the specific specialty 
        crop.'';
            (5) by redesignating subsections (e) (as amended by 
        section 7128(b)(3)(B)), (f), (g), and (h) as 
        subsections (g), (h), (i), and (k), respectively;
            (6) by inserting after subsection (d) the following 
        new subsections:
    ``(e) Consultation.--Each fiscal year, before conducting 
the scientific peer review described in paragraph (1) of 
subsection (d) and the merit and relevancy review described in 
paragraph (2) of such subsection, the Secretary shall consult 
with the specialty crops committee regarding such reviews. The 
committee shall provide the Secretary--
            ``(1) in the first fiscal year in which that 
        consultation occurs, any recommendations for conducting 
        such reviews in such fiscal year; and
            ``(2) in any subsequent fiscal year in which such 
        consultation occurs--
                    ``(A) an assessment of the procedures and 
                objectives used by the Secretary for such 
                reviews in the previous fiscal year;
                    ``(B) any recommendations for such reviews 
                for the current fiscal year; and
                    ``(C) any comments on grants awarded under 
                subsection (d) during the previous fiscal year.
    ``(f) Report.--The Secretary shall submit to the Committee 
on Agriculture of the House of Representatives and the 
Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry of the Senate 
a report on--
            ``(1) the results of the consultations with the 
        specialty crops committee (and subcommittees thereof) 
        conducted under subsection (e) of this section and 
        subsection (g) of section 1408A of the National 
        Agricultural Research, Extension, and Teaching Policy 
        Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 3123a);
            ``(2) the specialty crops committee's (and 
        subcommittees thereof) recommendations, if any, 
        provided to the Secretary during such consultations; 
        and
            ``(3) the specialty crops committee's (and 
        subcommittees thereof) review of the grants awarded 
        under subsection (d) and (j), as applicable, in the 
        previous fiscal year.'';
            (7) in subsection (g) (as so redesignated)--
                    (A) by striking paragraph (1) and inserting 
                the following new paragraph:
            ``(1) In general.--With respect to grants awarded 
        under this section, the Secretary shall seek and accept 
        proposals for grants.''; and
                    (B) in paragraph (3) (as redesignated by 
                section 7128(b)(3)(B)), by striking ``this 
                section'' and inserting ``the Initiative'';
            (8) in subsection (h) (as so redesignated), in the 
        matter preceding paragraph (1), by striking ``this 
        section'' and inserting ``the Initiative'';
            (9) in subsection (k) (as so redesignated)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1)--
                            (i) by striking ``(1) Mandatory 
                        funding for fiscal years 2008 through 
                        2012.--Of the funds'' and inserting the 
                        following:
            ``(1) Mandatory funding.--
                    ``(A) Fiscal years 2008 through 2012.--Of 
                the funds''; and
                            (ii) by adding at the end the 
                        following new subparagraph:
                    ``(B) Subsequent funding.--Of the funds of 
                the Commodity Credit Corporation, the Secretary 
                shall make available to carry out this section 
                $80,000,000 for fiscal year 2014 and each 
                fiscal year thereafter.
                    ``(C) Reservation.--For each of fiscal 
                years 2014 through 2018, the Secretary shall 
                reserve not less than $25,000,000 of the funds 
                made available under subparagraph (B) to carry 
                out the program established under subsection 
                (j).
                    ``(D) Availability of funds.--Funds 
                reserved under subparagraph (C) shall remain 
                available and reserved for the purpose 
                described in such subparagraph until 
                expended.''; and
                    (B) in paragraph (2)--
                            (i) in the heading, by striking 
                        ``2008 through 2012'' and inserting 
                        ``2014 through 2018''; and
                            (ii) by striking ``2008 through 
                        2012'' and inserting ``2014 through 
                        2018''; and
            (10) by inserting after subsection (i) the 
        following new subsection:
    ``(j) Emergency Citrus Disease Research and Extension 
Program.--
            ``(1) Establishment and purpose.--The Secretary 
        shall establish a competitive research and extension 
        grant program to combat diseases of citrus under which 
        the Secretary awards competitive grants to eligible 
        entities--
                    ``(A) to conduct scientific research and 
                extension activities, technical assistance, and 
                development activities to combat citrus 
                diseases and pests, both domestic and invasive, 
                which pose imminent harm to the United States 
                citrus production and threaten the future 
                viability of the citrus industry, including 
                huanglongbing and the Asian Citrus Psyllid; and
                    ``(B) to provide support for the 
                dissemination and commercialization of relevant 
                information, techniques, and technologies 
                discovered pursuant to research and extension 
                activities funded through--
                            ``(i) the emergency citrus disease 
                        research and extension program; or
                            ``(ii) other research and extension 
                        projects intended to solve problems 
                        caused by citrus production diseases 
                        and invasive pests.
            ``(2) Priority.--In awarding grants under this 
        subsection, the Secretary shall give priority to grants 
        that address the research and extension priorities 
        established pursuant to subsection (g)(4) of section 
        1408A of the National Agricultural Research, Extension, 
        and Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 3123a).
            ``(3) Coordination.--When developing the proposed 
        research and extension agenda and budget under 
        subsection (g)(2) of section 1408A of the National 
        Agricultural Research, Extension, and Teaching Policy 
        Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 3123a) for the funds made 
        available under this subsection for a fiscal year, the 
        citrus disease subcommittee shall--
                    ``(A) seek input from Federal and State 
                agencies and other entities involved in citrus 
                disease response; and
                    ``(B) take into account other public and 
                private citrus-related research and extension 
                projects and the funding for such projects.
            ``(4) Nonduplication.--The Secretary shall ensure 
        that funds made available to carry out the emergency 
        citrus disease research and extension activities under 
        this subsection shall be in addition to and not 
        supplant funds made available to carry out other citrus 
        disease activities carried out by the Department of 
        Agriculture in consultation with State agencies.
            ``(5) Authorization of appropriations.--In addition 
        to the amounts reserved under subsection (k)(1)(C), 
        there are authorized to be appropriated to carry out 
        this subsection, $25,000,000 for each of fiscal years 
        2014 through 2018.
            ``(6) Definitions.--In this subsection:
                    ``(A) Citrus.--The term `citrus' means 
                edible fruit of the family Rutaceae, including 
                any hybrid of such fruits and products of such 
                hybrids that are produced for commercial 
                purposes in the United States. 
                    ``(B) Citrus producer.--The term `citrus 
                producer' means any person that is engaged in 
                the domestic production and commercial sale of 
                citrus in the United States. 
                    ``(C) Emergency citrus disease research and 
                extension program.--The term `emergency citrus 
                disease research and extension program' means 
                the emergency citrus research and extension 
                grant program established under this 
                subsection.''.

SEC. 7307. [H7308] FOOD ANIMAL RESIDUE AVOIDANCE DATABASE PROGRAM.

    Section 604(e) of the Agricultural Research, Extension, and 
Education Reform Act of 1998 (7 U.S.C. 7642(e)) is amended by 
striking ``2012'' and inserting ``2018''.

SEC. 7308. REPEAL OF NATIONAL SWINE RESEARCH CENTER.

    Section 612 of the Agricultural Research, Extension, and 
Education Reform Act of 1998 (Public Law 105-185; 112 Stat. 
605) is repealed.

SEC. 7309. OFFICE OF PEST MANAGEMENT POLICY.

    Section 614(f) of the Agricultural Research, Extension, and 
Education Reform Act of 1998 (7 U.S.C. 7653(f)) is amended--
            (1) by striking ``such sums as are necessary''; and
            (2) by striking ``section'' and all that follows 
        and inserting the following: ``section--
            ``(1) such sums as are necessary for each of fiscal 
        years 1999 through 2013; and
            ``(2) $3,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2014 
        through 2018.''.

SEC. 7310. FORESTRY PRODUCTS ADVANCED UTILIZATION RESEARCH.

    Subtitle B of title VI of the Agricultural Research, 
Extension, and Education Reform Act of 1998 (7 U.S.C. 7651 et 
seq.) is amended by inserting after section 616 (7 U.S.C. 7655) 
the following new section:

``SEC. 617. FORESTRY PRODUCTS ADVANCED UTILIZATION RESEARCH.

    ``(a) Establishment.--The Secretary shall establish a 
forestry and forestry products research and extension 
initiative to develop and disseminate science-based tools that 
address the needs of the forestry sector and their respective 
regions, forest and timberland owners and managers, and 
forestry products engineering, manufacturing, and related 
interests.
    ``(b) Activities.--The initiative described in subsection 
(a) shall include the following activities:
            ``(1) Research conducted for purposes of--
                    ``(A) wood quality improvement with respect 
                to lumber strength and grade yield;
                    ``(B) the development of novel engineered 
                lumber products and renewable energy from wood; 
                and
                    ``(C) enhancing the longevity, 
                sustainability, and profitability of timberland 
                through sound management and utilization.
            ``(2) Demonstration activities and technology 
        transfer to demonstrate the beneficial characteristics 
        of wood as a green building material, including 
        investments in life cycle assessment for wood products.
            ``(3) Projects designed to improve--
                    ``(A) forestry products, lumber, and 
                evaluation standards and valuation techniques;
                    ``(B) lumber quality and value-based, on-
                forest management techniques; and
                    ``(C) forestry products conversion and 
                manufacturing efficiency, productivity, and 
                profitability over the long term (including 
                forestry product marketing).
    ``(c) Grants.--
            ``(1) In general.--The Secretary shall make 
        competitive grants to carry out the activities 
        described in subsection (b).
            ``(2) Priorities.--In making grants under this 
        section, the Secretary shall give higher priority to 
        activities that are carried out by entities that--
                    ``(A) are multistate, multiinstitutional, 
                or multidisciplinary;
                    ``(B) have explicit mechanisms to 
                communicate results to producers, forestry 
                industry stakeholders, policymakers, and the 
                public; and
                    ``(C) have--
                            ``(i) extensive history and 
                        demonstrated experience in forestry and 
                        forestry products research;
                            ``(ii) existing capacity in 
                        forestry products research and 
                        dissemination; and
                            ``(iii) a demonstrated means of 
                        evaluating and responding to the needs 
                        of the related commercial sector.
            ``(3) Administration.--In making grants under this 
        section, the Secretary shall follow the requirements of 
        paragraphs (4), (7), (8), and (11)(B) of subsection (b) 
        of the Competitive, Special, and Facilities Research 
        Grant Act (7 U.S.C. 450i).
            ``(4) Term.--The term of a grant made under this 
        section may not exceed 10 years.
    ``(d) Coordination.-- The Secretary shall ensure that any 
activities carried out under this section are carried out in 
coordination with the Forest Service, including the Forest 
Products Laboratory, and other appropriate agencies of the 
Department.
    ``(e) Report.--The Secretary shall submit an annual report 
to the Committee on Agriculture of the House of Representatives 
and the Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry of 
the Senate describing, for the period covered by the report--
            ``(1) the research that has been conducted under 
        paragraph (2) of subsection (b);
            ``(2) the number of buildings the Forest Service 
        has built with wood as the primary structural material; 
        and
            ``(3) the investments made by the Forest Service in 
        green building and wood promotion.
    ``(f) Authorization of Appropriations.--
            ``(1) In general.--There are authorized to be 
        appropriated to carry out this section $7,000,000 for 
        each of fiscal years 2014 through 2018.
            ``(2) Matching funds.--To the extent practicable, 
        the Secretary shall match any funds made available 
        under paragraph (1) with funds made available under 
        section 7 of the Forest and Rangeland Renewable 
        Resources Research Act of 1978 (16 U.S.C.1646).''.

SEC. 7311. REPEAL OF STUDIES OF AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH, EXTENSION, AND 
                    EDUCATION.

    Subtitle C of title VI of the Agricultural Research, 
Extension, and Education Reform Act of 1998 (7 U.S.C. 7671 et 
seq.) is repealed.

                         Subtitle D--Other Laws

SEC. 7401. CRITICAL AGRICULTURAL MATERIALS ACT.

    Section 16(a) of the Critical Agricultural Materials Act (7 
U.S.C. 178n(a)) is amended--
            (1) by striking ``such sums as are necessary''; and
            (2) by striking ``Act'' and all that follows and 
        inserting the following: ``Act--
            ``(1) such sums as are necessary for each of fiscal 
        years 1991 through 2013; and
            ``(2) $2,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2014 
        through 2018.''.

SEC. 7402. EQUITY IN EDUCATIONAL LAND-GRANT STATUS ACT OF 1994.

    (a) Definition of 1994 Institution.--
            (1) In general.--Section 532 of the Equity in 
        Educational Land-Grant Status Act of 1994 (7 U.S.C. 301 
        note; Public Law 103-382) is amended to read as 
        follows:

``SEC. 532. DEFINITION OF 1994 INSTITUTION.

    ``In this part, the term `1994 Institution' means any of 
the following colleges:
            ``(1) Aaniiih Nakoda College.
            ``(2) Bay Mills Community College.
            ``(3) Blackfeet Community College.
            ``(4) Cankdeska Cikana Community College.
            ``(5) Chief Dull Knife College.
            ``(6) College of Menominee Nation.
            ``(7) College of the Muscogee Nation.
            ``(8) D-Q University.
            ``(9) Dine College.
            ``(10) Fond du Lac Tribal and Community College.
            ``(11) Fort Berthold Community College.
            ``(12) Fort Peck Community College.
            ``(13) Haskell Indian Nations University.
            ``(14) Ilisagvik College.
            ``(15) Institute of American Indian and Alaska 
        Native Culture and Arts Development.
            ``(16) Keweenaw Bay Ojibwa Community College.
            ``(17) Lac Courte Oreilles Ojibwa Community 
        College.
            ``(18) Leech Lake Tribal College.
            ``(19) Little Big Horn College.
            ``(20) Little Priest Tribal College.
            ``(21) Navajo Technical College.
            ``(22) Nebraska Indian Community College.
            ``(23) Northwest Indian College.
            ``(24) Oglala Lakota College.
            ``(25) Saginaw Chippewa Tribal College.
            ``(26) Salish Kootenai College.
            ``(27) Sinte Gleska University.
            ``(28) Sisseton Wahpeton College.
            ``(29) Sitting Bull College.
            ``(30) Southwestern Indian Polytechnic Institute.
            ``(31) Stone Child College.
            ``(32) Tohono O'odham Community College.
            ``(33) Turtle Mountain Community College.
            ``(34) United Tribes Technical College.
            ``(35) White Earth Tribal and Community College.''.
            (2) Effective date.--The amendments made by 
        paragraph (1) shall take effect on October 1, 2014.
    (b) Endowment for 1994 Institutions.--Section 533(b) of the 
Equity in Educational Land-Grant Status Act of 1994 (7 U.S.C. 
301 note; Public Law 103-382) is amended in the first sentence 
by striking ``2012'' and inserting ``2018''.
    (c) Institutional Capacity Building Grants.--Section 535 of 
the Equity in Educational Land-Grant Status Act of 1994 (7 
U.S.C. 301 note; Public Law 103-382) is amended by striking 
``2012'' each place it appears in subsections (b)(1) and (c) 
and inserting ``2018''.
    (d) Research Grants.--
            (1) Authorization of appropriations.--Section 
        536(c) of the Equity in Educational Land-Grant Status 
        Act of 1994 (7 U.S.C. 301 note; Public Law 103-382) is 
        amended in the first sentence by striking ``2012'' and 
        inserting ``2018''.
            (2) Research grant requirements.--Section 536(b) of 
        the Equity in Educational Land-Grant Status Act of 1994 
        (7 U.S.C. 301 note; Public Law 103-382) is amended by 
        striking ``with at least 1 other land-grant college or 
        university'' and all that follows and inserting the 
        following: ``with--
            ``(1) the Agricultural Research Service of the 
        Department of Agriculture; or
            ``(2) at least 1--
                    ``(A) other land-grant college or 
                university (exclusive of another 1994 
                Institution);
                    ``(B) non-land-grant college of agriculture 
                (as defined in section 1404 of the National 
                Agricultural Research, Extension, and Teaching 
                Policy Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 3103)); or
                    ``(C) cooperating forestry school (as 
                defined in that section).''.

SEC. 7403. RESEARCH FACILITIES ACT.

    Section 6(a) of the Research Facilities Act (7 U.S.C. 
390d(a)) is amended by striking ``2012'' and inserting 
``2018''.

SEC. 7404. COMPETITIVE, SPECIAL, AND FACILITIES RESEARCH GRANT ACT.

    (a) Extension.--Subsection (b)(11)(A) of the Competitive, 
Special, and Facilities Research Grant Act (7 U.S.C. 
450i(b)(11)(A)) is amended, in the matter preceding clause (i), 
by striking ``2012'' and inserting ``2018''.
    (b) Priority Areas.--Subsection (b)(2) of the Competitive, 
Special, and Facilities Research Grant Act (7 U.S.C. 
450i(b)(2)) is amended--
            (1) in subparagraph (B)--
                    (A) in clause (vii), by striking ``and'' at 
                the end;
                    (B) in clause (viii), by striking the 
                period at the end and inserting a semicolon; 
                and
                    (C) by adding at the end the following new 
                clauses:
                            ``(ix) the research and development 
                        of surveillance methods, vaccines, 
                        vaccination delivery systems, or 
                        diagnostic tests for pests and 
                        diseases, including--
                                    ``(I) epizootic diseases in 
                                domestic livestock (including 
                                deer, elk, bison, and other 
                                animals of the family 
                                Cervidae); and
                                    ``(II) zoonotic diseases 
                                (including bovine brucellosis 
                                and bovine tuberculosis) in 
                                domestic livestock or wildlife 
                                reservoirs that present a 
                                potential concern to public 
                                health; and
                            ``(x) the identification of animal 
                        drug needs and the generation and 
                        dissemination of data for safe and 
                        effective therapeutic applications of 
                        animal drugs for minor species and 
                        minor uses of such drugs in major 
                        species.'';
            (2) in subparagraph (D)--
                    (A) in the heading, by striking ``Renewable 
                energy'' and inserting ``Bioenergy'';
                    (B) by redesignating clauses (iv), (v), and 
                (vi) as clauses (v), (vi), and (vii), 
                respectively; and
                    (C) by inserting after clause (iii) the 
                following new clause:
                            ``(iv) the effectiveness of 
                        conservation practices and technologies 
                        designed to address nutrient losses and 
                        improve water quality;''; and
            (3) in subparagraph (F)--
                    (A) in the matter preceding clause (i), by 
                inserting ``economics,'' after ``trade,'';
                    (B) by redesignating clauses (v) and (vi) 
                as clauses (vi) and (vii), respectively; and
                    (C) by inserting after clause (iv) the 
                following new clause:
                            ``(v) the economic costs, benefits, 
                        and viability of producers adopting 
                        conservation practices and technologies 
                        designed to improve water quality;''.
    (c) General Administration.--Subsection (b)(4) of the 
Competitive, Special, and Facilities Research Grant Act (7 
U.S.C. 450i(b)(4)) is amended--
            (1) in subparagraph (D), by striking ``and'' at the 
        end;
            (2) in subparagraph (E), by striking the period at 
        the end and inserting ``; and''; and
            (3) by adding at the end the following new 
        subparagraph:
                    ``(F) establish procedures, including 
                timelines, under which an entity established 
                under a commodity promotion law (as such term 
                is defined under section 501(a) of the Federal 
                Agriculture Improvement and Reform Act of 1996 
                (7 U.S.C. 7401(a))) or a State commodity board 
                (or other equivalent State entity) may directly 
                submit to the Secretary for consideration 
                proposals for requests for applications that 
                specifically address particular issues related 
                to the priority areas specified in paragraph 
                (2). ''.
    (d) Special Considerations.--Subsection (b)(6) of the 
Competitive, Special, and Facilities Research Grant Act (7 
U.S.C. 450i(b)(6)) is amended--
            (1) in subparagraph (C), by striking ``and'' at the 
        end;
            (2) in subparagraph (D), by striking the period at 
        the end and inserting ``; and''; and
            (3) by adding at the end the following new 
        subparagraph:
                    ``(E) to eligible entities to carry out the 
                specific proposals submitted under procedures 
                established under paragraph (4)(F) only if such 
                specific proposals are consistent with a 
                priority area specified in paragraph (2).''.
    (e) Eligible Entities.--Subsection (b)(7)(G) of the 
Competitive, Special, and Facilities Research Grant Act (7 
U.S.C. 450i(b)(7)(G)) is amended by striking ``or 
corporations'' and inserting ``, foundations, or 
corporations''.
    (f) Special Contribution Requirement for Certain Grants.--
Subsection (b)(9) of the Competitive, Special, and Facilities 
Research Grant Act (7 U.S.C. 450i(b)(9)) (as amended by section 
7128(b)(4)) is amended by adding at the end the following new 
subparagraph:
                    ``(B) Contribution requirement for 
                commodity promotion grants.--
                            ``(i) In general.--Subject to 
                        clauses (ii) and (iii), as a condition 
                        of funding a grant under paragraph 
                        (6)(E), the Secretary shall require 
                        that the grant be matched with an equal 
                        contribution of funds from the entities 
                        described in paragraph (4)(F) 
                        submitting proposals under procedures 
                        established under such paragraph.
                            ``(ii) Availability of funds.--
                                    ``(I) In general.--
                                Contributions required by 
                                clause (i) shall be available 
                                to the Secretary for obligation 
                                and remain available until 
                                expended for the purpose of 
                                making grants under paragraph 
                                (6)(E).
                                    ``(II) Administration.--Of 
                                amounts contributed to the 
                                Secretary under clause (i), not 
                                more than 4 percent may be 
                                retained by the Secretary to 
                                pay administrative costs 
                                incurred by the Secretary in 
                                carrying out this subsection.
                                    ``(III) Restriction.--Funds 
                                contributed to the Secretary by 
                                an entity under clause (i) in 
                                connection with a proposal 
                                submitted by that entity under 
                                procedures established under 
                                paragraph (4)(F) may only be 
                                used to fund grants in 
                                connection with that proposal.
                                    ``(IV) Remaining funds.--
                                Funds contributed to the 
                                Secretary by an entity under 
                                clause (i) that remain 
                                unobligated at the time of 
                                grant closeout shall be 
                                returned to that entity.
                                    ``(V) Indirect costs.--The 
                                indirect cost rate applicable 
                                to appropriated funds for a 
                                grant funded under paragraph 
                                (6)(E) shall apply to amounts 
                                contributed by an entity under 
                                clause (i).
                            ``(iii) Other matching funds 
                        requirements.--The contribution 
                        requirement under clause (i) shall be 
                        in addition to any matching funds 
                        requirement for grant recipients 
                        required by section 1492 of the 
                        National Agricultural Research, 
                        Extension, and Teaching Policy Act of 
                        1977.''.
    (g) Inter-Regional Research Project Number 4.--Subsection 
(e) of the Competitive, Special, and Facilities Research Grant 
Act (7 U.S.C. 450i(e)) is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1)(A), by striking ``minor use 
        pesticides'' and inserting ``pesticides for minor 
        agricultural use and for use on specialty crops (as 
        defined in section 3 of the Specialty Crops 
        Competitiveness Act of 2004 (7 U.S.C. 1621 note)),''; 
        and
            (2) in paragraph (4)--
                    (A) in subparagraph (A), by inserting ``and 
                for use on specialty crops'' after ``minor 
                agricultural use'';
                    (B) in subparagraph (B), by striking 
                ``and'' at the end;
                    (C) by redesignating subparagraph (C) as 
                subparagraph (G); and
                    (D) by inserting after subparagraph (B) the 
                following new subparagraphs:
                    ``(C) prioritize potential pest management 
                technology for minor agricultural use and for 
                use on specialty crops;
                    ``(D) conduct research to develop the data 
                necessary to facilitate pesticide 
                registrations, reregistrations, and associated 
                tolerances;
                    ``(E) assist in removing trade barriers 
                caused by residues of pesticides registered for 
                minor agricultural use and for use on 
                domestically grown specialty crops;
                    ``(F) assist in the registration and 
                reregistration of pest management technologies 
                for minor agricultural use and for use on 
                specialty crops; and''.

SEC. 7405. RENEWABLE RESOURCES EXTENSION ACT OF 1978.

    (a) Authorization of Appropriations.--Section 6 of the 
Renewable Resources Extension Act of 1978 (16 U.S.C. 1675) is 
amended in the first sentence by striking ``2012'' and 
inserting ``2018''.
    (b) Termination Date.--Section 8 of the Renewable Resources 
Extension Act of 1978 (16 U.S.C. 1671 note; Public Law 95-306) 
is amended by striking ``2012'' and inserting ``2018''.

SEC. 7406. NATIONAL AQUACULTURE ACT OF 1980.

    Section 10 of the National Aquaculture Act of 1980 (16 
U.S.C. 2809) is amended by striking ``2012'' each place it 
appears and inserting ``2018''.

SEC. 7407. REPEAL OF USE OF REMOTE SENSING DATA.

    Section 892 of the Federal Agriculture Improvement and 
Reform Act of 1996 (7 U.S.C. 5935) is repealed.

SEC. 7408. REPEAL OF REPORTS UNDER FARM SECURITY AND RURAL INVESTMENT 
                    ACT OF 2002.

    (a) Repeal of Report on Producers and Handlers for Organic 
Products.--Section 7409 of the Farm Security and Rural 
Investment Act of 2002 (7 U.S.C. 5925b note; Public Law 107-
171) is repealed.
    (b) Repeal of Report on Genetically Modified Pest-Protected 
Plants.--Section 7410 of the Farm Security and Rural Investment 
Act of 2002 (Public Law 107-171; 116 Stat. 462) is repealed.
    (c) Repeal of Study on Nutrient Banking.--Section 7411 of 
the Farm Security and Rural Investment Act of 2002 (7 U.S.C. 
5925a note; Public Law 107-171) is repealed.

SEC. 7409. BEGINNING FARMER AND RANCHER DEVELOPMENT PROGRAM.

    Section 7405 of the Farm Security and Rural Investment Act 
of 2002 (7 U.S.C. 3319f) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (c)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1), by striking 
                subparagraphs (A) through (R) and inserting the 
                following new subparagraphs:
                    ``(A) basic livestock, forest management, 
                and crop farming practices;
                    ``(B) innovative farm, ranch, and private, 
                nonindustrial forest land transfer strategies;
                    ``(C) entrepreneurship and business 
                training;
                    ``(D) financial and risk management 
                training (including the acquisition and 
                management of agricultural credit);
                    ``(E) natural resource management and 
                planning;
                    ``(F) diversification and marketing 
                strategies;
                    ``(G) curriculum development;
                    ``(H) mentoring, apprenticeships, and 
                internships;
                    ``(I) resources and referral;
                    ``(J) farm financial benchmarking;
                    ``(K) assisting beginning farmers or 
                ranchers in acquiring land from retiring 
                farmers and ranchers;
                    ``(L) agricultural rehabilitation and 
                vocational training for veterans;
                    ``(M) farm safety and awareness; and
                    ``(N) other similar subject areas of use to 
                beginning farmers or ranchers.'';
                    (B) in paragraph (2)(C), by striking ``and 
                nongovernmental organization'' and inserting 
                ``or nongovernmental organization'';
                    (C) in paragraph (7), by striking ``and 
                community-based organizations'' and inserting 
                ``, community-based organizations, and school-
                based agricultural educational organizations'';
                    (D) by striking paragraph (8) and inserting 
                the following new paragraph:
            ``(8) Set-asides.--
                    ``(A) In general.--Not less than 5 percent 
                of the funds used to carry out this subsection 
                for a fiscal year shall be used to support 
                programs and services that address the needs 
                of--
                            ``(i) limited resource beginning 
                        farmers or ranchers (as defined by the 
                        Secretary);
                            ``(ii) socially disadvantaged 
                        farmers or ranchers (as defined in 
                        section 355(e) of the Consolidated Farm 
                        and Rural Development Act (7 U.S.C. 
                        2003(e)) who are beginning farmers or 
                        ranchers; and
                            ``(iii) farmworkers desiring to 
                        become farmers or ranchers.
                    ``(B) Veteran farmers and ranchers.--Not 
                less than 5 percent of the funds used to carry 
                out this subsection for a fiscal year shall be 
                used to support programs and services that 
                address the needs of veteran farmers and 
                ranchers (as defined in section 2501(e) of the 
                Food, Agriculture, Conservation, and Trade Act 
                of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 2279(e))). ''; and
                    (E) by adding at the end the following new 
                paragraphs:
            ``(11) Limitation on indirect costs.--A recipient 
        of a grant under this subsection may not use more than 
        10 percent of the funds provided by the grant for the 
        indirect costs of carrying out the initiatives 
        described in paragraph (1).
            ``(12) Coordination permitted.--A recipient of a 
        grant under this subsection using the grant as 
        described in paragraph (8)(B) may coordinate with a 
        recipient of a grant under section 1680 of the Food, 
        Agriculture, Conservation, and Trade Act of 1990 (7 
        U.S.C. 5933) in addressing the needs of veteran farmers 
        and ranchers with disabilities.'';
            (2) in subsection (h)(1)--
                    (A) in the paragraph heading, by striking 
                ``2012'' and inserting ``2018'';
                    (B) in subparagraph (A), by striking 
                ``and'' at the end;
                    (C) in subparagraph (B), by striking the 
                period at the end and inserting ``; and''; and
                    (D) by adding at the end the following new 
                subparagraph:
                    ``(C) $20,000,000 for each of fiscal years 
                2014 through 2018, to remain available until 
                expended.''; and
            (3) in subsection (h)(2)--
                    (A) in the paragraph heading, by striking 
                ``2008 through 2012'' and inserting ``2014 
                through 2018''; and
                    (B) by striking ``2008 through 2012'' and 
                inserting ``2014 through 2018''.

SEC. 7410. NATIONAL AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH, EXTENSION, AND TEACHING 
                    POLICY ACT AMENDMENTS OF 1985.

    Section 1431 of the National Agricultural Research, 
Extension, and Teaching Policy Act Amendments of 1985 (Public 
Law 99-198; 99 Stat. 1556) is amended by striking ``2012'' and 
inserting ``2018''.

         Subtitle E--Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008

                     PART I--AGRICULTURAL SECURITY

SEC. 7501. AGRICULTURAL BIOSECURITY COMMUNICATION CENTER.

    Section 14112(c) of the Food, Conservation, and Energy Act 
of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 8912(c)) is amended to read as follows:
    ``(c) Authorization of Appropriations.--There are 
authorized to be appropriated to carry out this section--
            ``(1) such sums as are necessary for each of fiscal 
        years 2008 through 2013; and
            ``(2) $2,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2014 
        through 2018.''.

SEC. 7502. ASSISTANCE TO BUILD LOCAL CAPACITY IN AGRICULTURAL 
                    BIOSECURITY PLANNING, PREPARATION, AND RESPONSE.

    Section 14113 of the Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 
2008 (7 U.S.C. 8913) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)(2)--
                    (A) by striking ``such sums as may be 
                necessary''; and
                    (B) by striking ``subsection'' and all that 
                follows and inserting the following: 
                ``subsection--
                    ``(A) such sums as are necessary for each 
                of fiscal years 2008 through 2013; and
                    ``(B) $15,000,000 for each of fiscal years 
                2014 through 2018.''; and
            (2) in subsection (b)(2), by striking ``is 
        authorized to be appropriated to carry out this 
        subsection'' and all that follows and inserting the 
        following: ``are authorized to be appropriated to carry 
        out this subsection--
                    ``(A) $25,000,000 for each of fiscal years 
                2008 through 2013; and
                    ``(B) $15,000,000 for each of fiscal years 
                2014 through 2018.''.

SEC. 7503. RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT OF AGRICULTURAL COUNTERMEASURES.

    Section 14121(b) of the Food, Conservation, and Energy Act 
of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 8921(b)) is amended by striking ``is 
authorized to be appropriated to carry out this section'' and 
all that follows and inserting the following: ``are authorized 
to be appropriated to carry out this section--
            ``(1) $50,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2008 
        through 2013; and
            ``(2) $15,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2014 
        through 2018.''.

SEC. 7504. AGRICULTURAL BIOSECURITY GRANT PROGRAM.

    Section 14122(e) of the Food, Conservation, and Energy Act 
of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 8922(e)) is amended--
            (1) by striking ``sums as are necessary''; and
            (2) by striking ``section'' and all that follows 
        and inserting the following: ``section--
            ``(1) such sums as are necessary for each of fiscal 
        years 2008 through 2013, to remain available until 
        expended; and
            ``(2) $5,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2014 
        through 2018, to remain available until expended.''.

                   PART II--MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS

SEC. 7511. ENHANCED USE LEASE AUTHORITY PILOT PROGRAM.

    Section 308 of the Federal Crop Insurance Reform and 
Department of Agriculture Reorganization Act of 1994 (7 U.S.C. 
3125a) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (b)(6)(A), by striking ``5 
        years'' and inserting ``10 years''; and
            (2) in subsection (d)(2), in the matter preceding 
        subparagraph (A), by striking ``1, 3, and 5 years'' and 
        inserting ``6, 8, and 10 years''.

SEC. 7512. GRAZINGLANDS RESEARCH LABORATORY.

    Section 7502 of the Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 
2008 (Public Law 110-246; 122 Stat. 2019) is amended by 
striking ``5-year period'' and inserting ``10-year period''.

SEC. 7513. BUDGET SUBMISSION AND FUNDING.

    Section 7506 of the Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 
2008 (7 U.S.C. 7614c) is amended--
            (1) by striking subsection (a) and inserting the 
        following new subsection:
    ``(a) Definitions.--In this section:
            ``(1) Covered program.--The term `covered program' 
        means--
                    ``(A) each research program carried out by 
                the Agricultural Research Service or the 
                Economic Research Service for which annual 
                appropriations are requested in the annual 
                budget submission of the President; and
                    ``(B) each competitive program carried out 
                by the National Institute of Food and 
                Agriculture for which annual appropriations are 
                requested in the annual budget submission of 
                the President.
            ``(2) Request for applications.--The term `request 
        for applications' means a funding announcement 
        published by the National Institute of Food and 
        Agriculture that provides detailed information on 
        funding opportunities at the Institute, including the 
        purpose, eligibility, restriction, focus areas, 
        evaluation criteria, regulatory information, and 
        instructions on how to apply for such opportunities.''; 
        and
            (2) by adding at the end the following new 
        subsections:
    ``(e) Additional Presidential Budget Submission 
Requirement.--
            ``(1) In general.--Each year, the President shall 
        submit to Congress for each funding request for a 
        covered program--
                    ``(A) in the case of the information 
                described in paragraph (2), such information 
                together with the annual budget submission of 
                the President; and
                    ``(B) in the case of any additional 
                information described in paragraph (3), such 
                additional information within a reasonable 
                period that begins after the date of the annual 
                budget submission of the President.
            ``(2) Information described.--The information 
        described in this paragraph includes--
                    ``(A) baseline information, including with 
                respect to each covered program--
                            ``(i) the funding level for the 
                        program for the fiscal year preceding 
                        the year for which the annual budget 
                        submission of the President is 
                        submitted;
                            ``(ii) the funding level requested 
                        in the annual budget submission of the 
                        President, including any increase or 
                        decrease in the funding level; and
                            ``(iii) an explanation justifying 
                        any change from the funding level 
                        specified in clause (i) to the level 
                        specified in clause (ii);
                    ``(B) with respect to each covered program 
                that is carried out by the Economic Research 
                Service or the Agricultural Research Service, 
                the location and staff years of the program;
                    ``(C) the proposed funding levels to be 
                allocated to, and the expected publication 
                date, scope, and allocation level for, each 
                request for applications to be published under 
                or associated with--
                            ``(i) each priority area specified 
                        in subsection (b)(2) of the 
                        Competitive, Special, and Facilities 
                        Research Grant Act (7 U.S.C. 
                        450i(b)(2));
                            ``(ii) each research and extension 
                        project carried out under section 
                        1621(a) of the Food, Agriculture, 
                        Conservation, and Trade Act of 1990 (7 
                        U.S.C. 5811(a));
                            ``(iii) each grant awarded under 
                        section 1672B(a) of the Food, 
                        Agriculture, Conservation, and Trade 
                        Act of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 5925b(a));
                            ``(iv) each grant awarded under 
                        section 412(d) of the Agricultural 
                        Research, Extension, and Education 
                        Reform Act of 1998 (7 U.S.C. 7632(d)); 
                        and
                            ``(v) each grant awarded under 
                        section 7405(c)(1) of the Farm Security 
                        and Rural Investment Act of 2002 (7 
                        U.S.C. 3319f(c)(1)); and
                    ``(D) any other information the Secretary 
                determines will increase congressional 
                oversight with respect to covered programs.
            ``(3) additional information described.--The 
        additional information described in this paragraph is 
        information that the Secretary, after consulting with 
        the Committee on Agriculture of the House of 
        Representatives, the Committee on Agriculture, 
        Nutrition, and Forestry of the Senate, and the 
        Subcommittees on Agriculture, Rural Development, Food 
        and Drug Administration, and Related Agencies of the 
        Committee on Appropriations of the House of 
        Representatives and the Senate, determines is a 
        necessary revision or clarification to the information 
        described in paragraph (2).
            ``(4) Prohibition.--Unless the President submits 
        the information described in paragraph (2)(C) for a 
        fiscal year, the President may not carry out any 
        program during that fiscal year that is authorized 
        under--
                    ``(A) subsection (b) of the Competitive, 
                Special, and Facilities Research Grant Act (7 
                U.S.C. 450i(b));
                    ``(B) section 1621 of the Food, 
                Agriculture, Conservation, and Trade Act of 
                1990 (7 U.S.C. 5811);
                    ``(C) section 1672B of the Food, 
                Agriculture, Conservation, and Trade Act of 
                1990 (7 U.S.C. 5925b);
                    ``(D) section 412 of the Agricultural 
                Research, Extension, and Education Reform Act 
                of 1998 (7 U.S.C. 7632); or
                    ``(E) section 7405 of the Farm Security and 
                Rural Investment Act of 2002 (7 U.S.C. 3319f).
    ``(f) Report of the Secretary of Agriculture.--Each year on 
a date that is not later than the date on which the President 
submits the annual budget, the Secretary shall submit to 
Congress a report containing a description of the agricultural 
research, extension, and education activities carried out by 
the Federal Government during the fiscal year that immediately 
precedes the year for which the report is submitted, 
including--
            ``(1) a review of the extent to which those 
        activities--
                    ``(A) are duplicative or overlap within the 
                Department of Agriculture; or
                    ``(B) are similar to activities carried out 
                by--
                            ``(i) other Federal agencies;
                            ``(ii) the States (including the 
                        District of Columbia, the Commonwealth 
                        of Puerto Rico and other territories or 
                        possessions of the United States);
                            ``(iii) institutions of higher 
                        education (as defined in section 101 of 
                        the Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 
                        U.S.C. 1001)); or
                            ``(iv) the private sector; and
            ``(2) for each report submitted under this section 
        on or after January 1, 2014, a 5-year projection of 
        national priorities with respect to agricultural 
        research, extension, and education, taking into account 
        domestic needs.
    ``(g) Interchangeability of Funds.--Nothing in this section 
shall be construed so as to limit the authority of the 
Secretary under section 702(b) of the Department of Agriculture 
Organic Act of 1944 (7 U.S.C. 2257(b)), with respect to the 
reprogramming or transfer of funds.''.

SEC. 7514. REPEAL OF SEED DISTRIBUTION.

    Section 7523 of the Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 
2008 (7 U.S.C. 415-1) is repealed.

SEC. 7515. NATURAL PRODUCTS RESEARCH PROGRAM.

    Section 7525(e) of the Food, Conservation, and Energy Act 
of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 5937(e)) is amended to read as follows:
    ``(e) Authorization of Appropriations.--There are 
authorized to be appropriated to carry out this section 
$7,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2014 through 2018.''.

SEC. 7516. SUN GRANT PROGRAM.

    (a) In General.--Section 7526 of the Food, Conservation, 
and Energy Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 8114) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)(4)(B), by striking ``the 
        Department of Energy'' and inserting ``other 
        appropriate Federal agencies (as determined by the 
        Secretary)'';
            (2) in subsection (b)(1)--
                    (A) in subparagraph (A), by striking ``at 
                South Dakota State University'';
                    (B) in subparagraph (B), by striking ``at 
                the University of Tennessee at Knoxville'';
                    (C) in subparagraph (C), by striking ``at 
                Oklahoma State University'';
                    (D) in subparagraph (D), by striking ``at 
                Oregon State University'';
                    (E) in subparagraph (E), by striking ``at 
                Cornell University''; and
                    (F) in subparagraph (F), by striking ``at 
                the University of Hawaii'';
            (3) in subsection (c)(1)--
                    (A) in subparagraph (B), by striking 
                ``multistate'' and all that follows through 
                ``technology implementation'' and inserting 
                ``integrated, multistate research, extension, 
                and education programs on technology 
                development and technology implementation'';
                    (B) by striking subparagraph (C); and
                    (C) by redesignating subparagraph (D) as 
                subparagraph (C);
            (4) in subsection (d)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1)--
                            (i) by striking ``in accordance 
                        with paragraph (2)'';
                            (ii) by striking ``gasification'' 
                        and inserting ``bioproducts''; and
                            (iii) by striking ``the Department 
                        of Energy'' and inserting ``other 
                        appropriate Federal agencies'';
                    (B) by striking paragraph (2); and
                    (C) by redesignating paragraphs (3) and (4) 
                as paragraphs (2) and (3), respectively; and
            (5) in subsection (g), by striking ``2012'' and 
        inserting ``2018''.
    (b) Conforming Amendment.--Section 7526(f)(1) of the Food, 
Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 8114(f)) is 
amended by striking ``subsection (c)(1)(D)(i)'' and inserting 
``subsection (c)(1)(C)(i)''.

SEC. 7517. REPEAL OF STUDY AND REPORT ON FOOD DESERTS.

    Section 7527 of the Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 
2008 (Public Law 110-246; 122 Stat. 2039) is repealed.

SEC. 7518. REPEAL OF AGRICULTURAL AND RURAL TRANSPORTATION RESEARCH AND 
                    EDUCATION.

    Section 7529 of the Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 
2008 (7 U.S.C. 5938) is repealed.

                  Subtitle F--Miscellaneous Provisions

SEC. 7601. FOUNDATION FOR FOOD AND AGRICULTURE RESEARCH.

    (a) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) Board.--The term ``Board'' means the Board of 
        Directors described in subsection (e).
            (2) Department.--The term ``Department'' means the 
        Department of Agriculture.
            (3) Foundation.--The term ``Foundation'' means the 
        Foundation for Food and Agriculture Research 
        established under subsection (b).
            (4) Secretary.--The term ``Secretary'' means the 
        Secretary of Agriculture.
    (b) Establishment.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary shall establish a 
        nonprofit corporation to be known as the ``Foundation 
        for Food and Agriculture Research''.
            (2) Status.--The Foundation shall not be an agency 
        or instrumentality of the United States Government.
    (c) Purposes.--The purposes of the Foundation shall be--
            (1) to advance the research mission of the 
        Department by supporting agricultural research 
        activities focused on addressing key problems of 
        national and international significance including--
                    (A) plant health, production, and plant 
                products;
                    (B) animal health, production, and 
                products;
                    (C) food safety, nutrition, and health;
                    (D) renewable energy, natural resources, 
                and the environment;
                    (E) agricultural and food security;
                    (F) agriculture systems and technology; and
                    (G) agriculture economics and rural 
                communities; and
            (2) to foster collaboration with agricultural 
        researchers from the Federal Government, State (as 
        defined in section 1404 of the National Agricultural 
        Research, Extension, and Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (7 
        U.S.C. 3103)) governments, institutions of higher 
        education (as defined in section 101 of the Higher 
        Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1001)), industry, and 
        nonprofit organizations.
    (d) Duties.--
            (1) In general.--The Foundation shall--
                    (A) award grants to, or enter into 
                contracts, memoranda of understanding, or 
                cooperative agreements with, scientists and 
                entities, which may include agricultural 
                research agencies in the Department, university 
                consortia, public-private partnerships, 
                institutions of higher education, nonprofit 
                organizations, and industry, to efficiently and 
                effectively advance the goals and priorities of 
                the Foundation;
                    (B) in consultation with the Secretary--
                            (i) identify existing and proposed 
                        Federal intramural and extramural 
                        research and development programs 
                        relating to the purposes of the 
                        Foundation described in subsection (c); 
                        and
                            (ii) coordinate Foundation 
                        activities with those programs so as to 
                        minimize duplication of existing 
                        efforts and to avoid conflicts;
                    (C) identify unmet and emerging 
                agricultural research needs after reviewing the 
                roadmap for agricultural research, education, 
                and extension authorized by section 7504 of the 
                Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008 (7 
                U.S.C. 7614a);
                    (D) facilitate technology transfer and 
                release of information and data gathered from 
                the activities of the Foundation to the 
                agricultural research community;
                    (E) promote and encourage the development 
                of the next generation of agricultural research 
                scientists; and
                    (F) carry out such other activities as the 
                Board determines to be consistent with the 
                purposes of the Foundation.
            (2) Relationship to other activities.--The 
        activities described in paragraph (1) shall be 
        supplemental to any other activities at the Department 
        and shall not preempt any authority or responsibility 
        of the Department under another provision of law.
    (e) Board of Directors.--
            (1) Establishment.--The Foundation shall be 
        governed by a Board of Directors.
            (2) Composition.--
                    (A) In general.--The Board shall be 
                composed of appointed and ex-officio, nonvoting 
                members.
                    (B) Ex-officio members.--The ex-officio 
                members of the Board shall be the following 
                individuals or designees of such individuals:
                            (i) The Secretary.
                            (ii) The Under Secretary of 
                        Agriculture for Research, Education, 
                        and Economics.
                            (iii) The Administrator of the 
                        Agricultural Research Service.
                            (iv) The Director of the National 
                        Institute of Food and Agriculture.
                            (v) The Director of the National 
                        Science Foundation.
                    (C) Appointed members.--
                            (i) In general.--The ex-officio 
                        members of the Board (as specified in 
                        subparagraph (B)) shall, by majority 
                        vote, appoint to the Board 15 
                        individuals, of whom--
                                    (I) 8 shall be selected 
                                from a list of candidates to be 
                                provided by the National 
                                Academy of Sciences; and
                                    (II) 7 shall be selected 
                                from lists of candidates 
                                provided by industry.
                            (ii) Requirements.--
                                    (I) Expertise.--The ex-
                                officio members shall ensure 
                                that a majority of the 
                                appointed members of the Board 
                                have actual experience in 
                                agricultural research and, to 
                                the extent practicable, 
                                represent diverse sectors of 
                                agriculture.
                                    (II) Limitation.--No 
                                employee of the Federal 
                                Government may serve as an 
                                appointed member of the Board 
                                under this subparagraph.
                                    (III) Not federal 
                                employment.--Appointment to the 
                                Board under this subparagraph 
                                shall not constitute Federal 
                                employment.
                            (iii) Authority.--All appointed 
                        members of the Board shall be voting 
                        members.
                    (D) Chair.--The Board shall, from among the 
                members of the Board, designate an individual 
                to serve as Chair of the Board.
            (3) Initial meeting.--Not later than 60 days after 
        the date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall 
        convene a meeting of the ex-officio members of the 
        Board--
                    (A) to incorporate the Foundation; and
                    (B) to appoint the members of the Board in 
                accordance with paragraph (2)(C)(i).
            (4) Duties.--
                    (A) In general.--The Board shall--
                            (i) establish bylaws for the 
                        Foundation that, at a minimum, 
                        include--
                                    (I) policies for the 
                                selection of future Board 
                                members, officers, employees, 
                                agents, and contractors of the 
                                Foundation;
                                    (II) policies, including 
                                ethical standards, for--
                                            (aa) the 
                                        acceptance, 
                                        solicitation, and 
                                        disposition of 
                                        donations and grants to 
                                        the Foundation; and
                                            (bb) the 
                                        disposition of assets 
                                        of the Foundation, 
                                        including appropriate 
                                        limits on the ability 
                                        of donors to designate, 
                                        by stipulation or 
                                        restriction, the use or 
                                        recipient of donated 
                                        funds;
                                    (III) policies that would 
                                subject all employees, fellows, 
                                trainees, and other agents of 
                                the Foundation (including 
                                members of the Board) to 
                                conflict of interest standards 
                                in the same manner as Federal 
                                employees are subject to the 
                                conflict of interest standards 
                                under section 208 of title 18, 
                                United States Code;
                                    (IV) policies for writing, 
                                editing, printing, publishing, 
                                and vending of books and other 
                                materials;
                                    (V) policies for the 
                                conduct of the general 
                                operations of the Foundation, 
                                including a cap on 
                                administrative expenses for 
                                recipients of a grant, 
                                contract, or cooperative 
                                agreement from the Foundation; 
                                and
                                    (VI) specific duties for 
                                the Executive Director;
                            (ii) prioritize and provide overall 
                        direction for the activities of the 
                        Foundation;
                            (iii) evaluate the performance of 
                        the Executive Director; and
                            (iv) carry out any other necessary 
                        activities regarding the Foundation.
                    (B) Establishment of bylaws.--In 
                establishing bylaws under subparagraph (A)(i), 
                the Board shall ensure that the bylaws do not--
                            (i) reflect unfavorably on the 
                        ability of the Foundation to carry out 
                        the duties of the Foundation in a fair 
                        and objective manner; or
                            (ii) compromise, or appear to 
                        compromise, the integrity of any 
                        governmental agency or program, or any 
                        officer or employee employed by, or 
                        involved in, a governmental agency or 
                        program.
            (5) Terms and vacancies.--
                    (A) Terms.--
                            (i) In general.--The term of each 
                        member of the Board appointed under 
                        paragraph (2)(C) shall be 5 years, 
                        except that of the members initially 
                        appointed, 8 of the members shall each 
                        be appointed for a term of 3 years and 
                        7 of the members shall each be 
                        appointed for a term of 2 years.
                            (ii) Partial terms.--If a member of 
                        the Board does not serve the full term 
                        applicable under clause (i), the 
                        individual appointed to fill the 
                        resulting vacancy shall be appointed 
                        for the remainder of the term of the 
                        predecessor of the individual.
                            (iii) Transition.--A member of the 
                        Board may continue to serve after the 
                        expiration of the term of the member 
                        until a successor is appointed.
                    (B) Vacancies.--After the initial 
                appointment of the members of the Board under 
                paragraph (2)(C), any vacancy in the membership 
                of the Board shall be filled as provided in the 
                bylaws established under paragraph (4)(A)(i).
            (6) Compensation.--Members of the Board may not 
        receive compensation for service on the Board but may 
        be reimbursed for travel, subsistence, and other 
        necessary expenses incurred in carrying out the duties 
        of the Board.
            (7) Meetings and quorum.--A majority of the members 
        of the Board shall constitute a quorum for purposes of 
        conducting the business of the Board.
    (f) Administration.--
            (1) Executive director.--
                    (A) In general.--The Board shall hire an 
                Executive Director who shall carry out such 
                duties and responsibilities as the Board may 
                prescribe.
                    (B) Service.--The Executive Director shall 
                serve at the pleasure of the Board.
            (2) Administrative powers.--
                    (A) In general.--In carrying out this 
                section, the Board, acting through the 
                Executive Director, may--
                            (i) adopt, alter, and use a 
                        corporate seal, which shall be 
                        judicially noticed;
                            (ii) hire, promote, compensate, and 
                        discharge 1 or more officers, 
                        employees, and agents, as may be 
                        necessary, and define the duties of the 
                        officers, employees, and agents;
                            (iii) solicit and accept any funds, 
                        gifts, grants, devises, or bequests of 
                        real or personal property made to the 
                        Foundation, including such support from 
                        private entities;
                            (iv) prescribe the manner in 
                        which--
                                    (I) real or personal 
                                property of the Foundation is 
                                acquired, held, and 
                                transferred;
                                    (II) general operations of 
                                the Foundation are to be 
                                conducted; and
                                    (III) the privileges 
                                granted to the Board by law are 
                                exercised and enjoyed;
                            (v) with the consent of the 
                        applicable executive department or 
                        independent agency, use the 
                        information, services, and facilities 
                        of the department or agency in carrying 
                        out this section on a reimbursable 
                        basis;
                            (vi) enter into contracts with 
                        public and private organizations for 
                        the writing, editing, printing, and 
                        publishing of books and other material;
                            (vii) hold, administer, invest, and 
                        spend any funds, gifts, grant, devise, 
                        or bequest of real or personal property 
                        made to the Foundation;
                            (viii) enter into such contracts, 
                        leases, cooperative agreements, and 
                        other transactions as the Board 
                        considers appropriate to conduct the 
                        activities of the Foundation;
                            (ix) modify or consent to the 
                        modification of any contract or 
                        agreement to which the Foundation is a 
                        party or in which the Foundation has an 
                        interest;
                            (x) take such action as may be 
                        necessary to obtain and maintain 
                        patents for and to license inventions 
                        (as defined in section 201 of title 35, 
                        United States Code) developed by the 
                        Foundation, employees of the 
                        Foundation, or derived from the 
                        collaborative efforts of the 
                        Foundation;
                            (xi) sue and be sued in the 
                        corporate name of the Foundation, and 
                        complain and defend in courts of 
                        competent jurisdiction;
                            (xii) appoint other groups of 
                        advisors as may be determined necessary 
                        to carry out the functions of the 
                        Foundation; and
                            (xiii) exercise such other 
                        incidental powers as are necessary to 
                        carry out the duties and functions of 
                        the Foundation in accordance with this 
                        section.
                    (B) Limitation.--No appointed member of the 
                Board or officer or employee of the Foundation 
                or of any program established by the Foundation 
                (other than ex-officio members of the Board) 
                shall exercise administrative control over any 
                Federal employee.
            (3) Records.--
                    (A) Audits.--The Foundation shall--
                            (i) provide for annual audits of 
                        the financial condition of the 
                        Foundation; and
                            (ii) make the audits, and all other 
                        records, documents, and other papers of 
                        the Foundation, available to the 
                        Secretary and the Comptroller General 
                        of the United States for examination or 
                        audit.
                    (B) Reports.--
                            (i) Annual report on foundation.--
                                    (I) In general.--Not later 
                                than 5 months following the end 
                                of each fiscal year, the 
                                Foundation shall publish a 
                                report for the preceding fiscal 
                                year that includes--
                                            (aa) a description 
                                        of Foundation 
                                        activities, including 
                                        accomplishments; and
                                            (bb) a 
                                        comprehensive statement 
                                        of the operations and 
                                        financial condition of 
                                        the Foundation.
                                    (II) Financial condition.--
                                Each report under subclause (I) 
                                shall include a description of 
                                all gifts, grants, devises, or 
                                bequests to the Foundation of 
                                real or personal property or 
                                money, which shall include--
                                            (aa) the source of 
                                        the gifts, grants, 
                                        devises, or bequests; 
                                        and
                                            (bb) any 
                                        restrictions on the 
                                        purposes for which the 
                                        gift, grant, devise, or 
                                        bequest may be used.
                                    (III) Availability.--The 
                                Foundation shall--
                                            (aa) make copies of 
                                        each report submitted 
                                        under subclause (I) 
                                        available for public 
                                        inspection; and
                                            (bb) on request, 
                                        provide a copy of the 
                                        report to any 
                                        individual.
                                    (IV) Public meeting.--The 
                                Board shall hold an annual 
                                public meeting to summarize the 
                                activities of the Foundation.
                            (ii) Grant reporting.--Any 
                        recipient of a grant under subsection 
                        (d)(1)(A) shall provide the Foundation 
                        with a report at the conclusion of any 
                        research or studies conducted that 
                        describes the results of the research 
                        or studies, including any data 
                        generated.
            (4) Integrity.--
                    (A) In general.--To ensure integrity in the 
                operations of the Foundation, the Board shall 
                develop and enforce procedures relating to 
                standards of conduct, financial disclosure 
                statements, conflicts of interest (including 
                recusal and waiver rules), audits, and any 
                other matters determined appropriate by the 
                Board.
                    (B) Financial conflicts of interest.--Any 
                individual who is an officer, employee, or 
                member of the Board is prohibited from any 
                participation in deliberations by the 
                Foundation of a matter that would directly or 
                predictably affect any financial interest of--
                            (i) the individual;
                            (ii) a relative (as defined in 
                        section 109 of the Ethics in Government 
                        Act of 1978 (5 U.S.C. App.)) of that 
                        individual; or
                            (iii) a business organization or 
                        other entity in which the individual 
                        has an interest, including an 
                        organization or other entity with which 
                        the individual is negotiating 
                        employment.
            (5) Intellectual property.--The Board shall adopt 
        written standards to govern the ownership and licensing 
        of any intellectual property rights derived from the 
        collaborative efforts of the Foundation.
            (6) Liability.--The United States shall not be 
        liable for any debts, defaults, acts, or omissions of 
        the Foundation nor shall the full faith and credit of 
        the United States extend to any obligations of the 
        Foundation.
    (g) Funds.--
            (1) Mandatory funding.--
                    (A) In general.--On the date of the 
                enactment of this Act, of the funds of the 
                Commodity Credit Corporation, the Secretary 
                shall transfer to the Foundation to carry out 
                this section $200,000,000, to remain available 
                until expended under the conditions described 
                in subparagraph (B).
                    (B) Conditions on expenditure.--The 
                Foundation may use the funds made available 
                under subparagraph (A) to carry out the 
                purposes of the Foundation only to the extent 
                that the Foundation secures an equal amount of 
                non-Federal matching funds for each 
                expenditure.
                    (C) Prohibition on construction.--None of 
                the funds made available under subparagraph (A) 
                may be used for construction.
            (2) Separation of funds.--The Executive Director 
        shall ensure that any funds received under paragraph 
        (1) are held in separate accounts from funds received 
        from nongovernmental entities as described in 
        subsection (f)(2)(A)(iii).

SEC. 7602. CONCESSIONS AND AGREEMENTS WITH NONPROFIT ORGANIZATIONS FOR 
                    NATIONAL ARBORETUM.

    Section 6 of the Act of March 4, 1927 (20 U.S.C. 196), is 
amended--
            (1) in subsection (a), by striking paragraph (1) 
        and inserting the following new paragraph:
            ``(1) negotiate concessions and agreements for the 
        National Arboretum with nonprofit scientific or 
        educational organizations, the interests of which are 
        complementary to the mission of the National Arboretum, 
        or nonprofit organizations that support the purpose of 
        the National Arboretum, except that the net proceeds of 
        the organizations from the concessions or agreements, 
        as applicable, shall be used exclusively for--
                    ``(A) the research and educational work for 
                the benefit of the National Arboretum; and
                    ``(B) the operation and maintenance of the 
                facilities of the National Arboretum, including 
                enhancements, upgrades, restoration, and 
                conservation;''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following new 
        subsection:
    ``(d) Recognition of Donors.--A nonprofit organization that 
entered into a concession or agreement under subsection (a)(1) 
may recognize donors if that recognition is approved in advance 
by the Secretary of Agriculture. In considering whether to 
approve such recognition, the Secretary shall broadly exercise 
the discretion of the Secretary to the fullest extent allowed 
under Federal law.''.

SEC. 7603. AGRICULTURAL AND FOOD LAW RESEARCH, LEGAL TOOLS, AND 
                    INFORMATION.

    (a) Partnerships.--The Secretary of Agriculture, acting 
through the National Agricultural Library, shall support the 
dissemination of objective, scholarly, and authoritative 
agricultural and food law research, legal tools, and 
information by entering into cooperative agreements with 
institutions of higher education (as defined in section 101 of 
the Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1001)) that on the 
date of enactment of this Act are carrying out objective 
programs for research, legal tools, and information in 
agricultural and food law.
    (b) Authorization of Appropriations.--There are authorized 
to be appropriated to carry out this section $5,000,000 for 
fiscal year 2014 and each fiscal year thereafter.

SEC. 7604. COTTON DISEASE RESEARCH REPORT.

    Not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of 
this Act, the Secretary shall submit to Congress a report on 
the fungus Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. vasinfectum race 4 
(referred to in this section as ``FOV Race 4'') and the impact 
of such fungus on cotton, including--
            (1) an overview of the threat FOV Race 4 poses to 
        the cotton industry in the United States;
            (2) the status and progress of Federal research 
        initiatives to detect, contain, or eradicate FOV Race 
        4, including current FOV Race 4-specific research 
        projects; and
            (3) a comprehensive strategy to combat FOV Race 4 
        that establishes--
                    (A) detection and identification goals;
                    (B) containment goals;
                    (C) eradication goals; and
                    (D) a plan to partner with the cotton 
                industry in the United States to maximize 
                resources, information sharing, and research 
                responsiveness and effectiveness.

SEC. 7605. MISCELLANEOUS TECHNICAL CORRECTIONS.

    Sections 7408 and 7409 of the Food, Conservation, and 
Energy Act of 2008 (Public Law 110-246; 122 Stat. 2013) are 
both amended by striking ``Title III of the Department of 
Agriculture Reorganization Act of 1994'' and inserting ``Title 
III of the Federal Crop Insurance Reform and Department of 
Agriculture Reorganization Act of 1994''.

SEC. 7606. LEGITIMACY OF INDUSTRIAL HEMP RESEARCH.

    (a) In General.--Notwithstanding the Controlled Substances 
Act (21 U.S.C. 801 et seq.), the Safe and Drug-Free Schools and 
Communities Act (20 U.S.C. 7101 et seq.), chapter 81 of title 
41, United States Code, or any other Federal law, an 
institution of higher education (as defined in section 101 of 
the Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1001)) or a State 
department of agriculture may grow or cultivate industrial hemp 
if--
            (1) the industrial hemp is grown or cultivated for 
        purposes of research conducted under an agricultural 
        pilot program or other agricultural or academic 
        research; and
            (2) the growing or cultivating of industrial hemp 
        is allowed under the laws of the State in which such 
        institution of higher education or State department of 
        agriculture is located and such research occurs.
    (b) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) Agricultural pilot program.--The term 
        ``agricultural pilot program'' means a pilot program to 
        study the growth, cultivation, or marketing of 
        industrial hemp--
                    (A) in States that permit the growth or 
                cultivation of industrial hemp under the laws 
                of the State; and
                    (B) in a manner that--
                            (i) ensures that only institutions 
                        of higher education and State 
                        departments of agriculture are used to 
                        grow or cultivate industrial hemp;
                            (ii) requires that sites used for 
                        growing or cultivating industrial hemp 
                        in a State be certified by, and 
                        registered with, the State department 
                        of agriculture; and
                            (iii) authorizes State departments 
                        of agriculture to promulgate 
                        regulations to carry out the pilot 
                        program in the States in accordance 
                        with the purposes of this section.
            (2) Industrial hemp.--The term ``industrial hemp'' 
        means the plant Cannabis sativa L. and any part of such 
        plant, whether growing or not, with a delta-9 
        tetrahydrocannabinol concentration of not more than 0.3 
        percent on a dry weight basis.
            (3) State department of agriculture.--The term 
        ``State department of agriculture'' means the agency, 
        commission, or department of a State government 
        responsible for agriculture within the State.

                          TITLE VIII--FORESTRY

            Subtitle A--Repeal of Certain Forestry Programs

SEC. 8001. FOREST LAND ENHANCEMENT PROGRAM.

    (a) Repeal.--Section 4 of the Cooperative Forestry 
Assistance Act of 1978 (16 U.S.C. 2103) is repealed.
    (b) Conforming Amendment.--Section 8002 of the Farm 
Security and Rural Investment Act of 2002 (Public Law 107-171; 
16 U.S.C. 2103 note) is amended by striking subsection (a).

SEC. 8002. WATERSHED FORESTRY ASSISTANCE PROGRAM.

    Section 6 of the Cooperative Forestry Assistance Act of 
1978 (16 U.S.C. 2103b) is repealed.

SEC. 8003. EXPIRED COOPERATIVE NATIONAL FOREST PRODUCTS MARKETING 
                    PROGRAM.

    Section 18 of the Cooperative Forestry Assistance Act of 
1978 (16 U.S.C. 2112) is repealed.

SEC. 8004. HISPANIC-SERVING INSTITUTION AGRICULTURAL LAND NATIONAL 
                    RESOURCES LEADERSHIP PROGRAM.

    Section 8402 of the Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 
2008 (16 U.S.C. 1649a) is repealed.

SEC. 8005. TRIBAL WATERSHED FORESTRY ASSISTANCE PROGRAM.

    Section 303 of the Healthy Forests Restoration Act of 2003 
(16 U.S.C. 6542) is repealed.

SEC. 8006. SEPARATE FOREST SERVICE DECISIONMAKING AND APPEALS PROCESS.

    (a) Repeal.--Section 322 of the Department of the Interior 
and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 1993 (16 U.S.C. 1612 
note; Public Law 102-381) is repealed.
    (b) Forest Service Pre-decisional Objection Process.--
Section 428 of division E of the Consolidated Appropriations 
Act, 2012 (16 U.S.C. 6515 note; Public Law 112-74) shall not 
apply to any project or activity implementing a land and 
resource management plan developed under section 6 of the 
Forest and Rangeland Renewable Resources Planning Act of 1974 
(16 U.S.C. 1604) that is categorically excluded from 
documentation in an environmental assessment or an 
environmental impact statement under the National Environmental 
Policy Act of 1969 (42 U.S.C. 4321 et seq.).

 Subtitle B--Reauthorization of Cooperative Forestry Assistance Act of 
                             1978 Programs

SEC. 8101. STATE-WIDE ASSESSMENT AND STRATEGIES FOR FOREST RESOURCES.

    Section 2A of the Cooperative Forestry Assistance Act of 
1978 (16 U.S.C. 2101a) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (c)--
                    (A) in paragraph (4), by striking ``and'';
                    (B) by redesignating paragraph (5) as 
                paragraph (6); and
                    (C) by inserting after paragraph (4) the 
                following new paragraph:
            ``(5) as feasible, appropriate military 
        installations where the voluntary participation and 
        management of private or State-owned or other public 
        forestland is able to support, promote, and contribute 
        to the missions of such installations; and''; and
            (2) in subsection (f)(1), by striking ``2012'' and 
        inserting ``2018''.

       Subtitle C--Reauthorization of Other Forestry-related Laws

SEC. 8201. RURAL REVITALIZATION TECHNOLOGIES.

    Section 2371(d)(2) of the Food, Agriculture, Conservation, 
and Trade Act of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 6601(d)(2)) is amended by 
striking ``2012'' and inserting ``2018''.

SEC. 8202. OFFICE OF INTERNATIONAL FORESTRY.

    Section 2405(d) of the Global Climate Change Prevention Act 
of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 6704(d)) is amended by striking ``2012'' and 
inserting ``2018''.

SEC. 8203. HEALTHY FORESTS RESERVE PROGRAM.

    (a) Definition of Acreage Owned by Indian Tribes.--Section 
502(e)(3) of the Healthy Forests Restoration Act (16 U.S.C. 
6572(e)(3)) is amended--
            (1) in subparagraph (C), by striking 
        ``subparagraphs (A) and (B)'' and inserting ``clauses 
        (i) and (ii)'';
            (2) by redesignating subparagraphs (A) through (C) 
        as clauses (i) through (iii), respectively, and 
        indenting appropriately; and
            (3) by striking ``In the case of'' and inserting 
        the following:
                    ``(A) Definition of acreage owned by indian 
                tribes.--In this paragraph, the term `acreage 
                owned by Indian tribes' includes--
                            ``(i) land that is held in trust by 
                        the United States for Indian tribes or 
                        individual Indians;
                            ``(ii) land, the title to which is 
                        held by Indian tribes or individual 
                        Indians subject to Federal restrictions 
                        against alienation or encumbrance;
                            ``(iii) land that is subject to 
                        rights of use, occupancy, and benefit 
                        of certain Indian tribes;
                            ``(iv) land that is held in fee 
                        title by an Indian tribe; or
                            ``(v) land that is owned by a 
                        native corporation formed under section 
                        17 of the Act of June 18, 1934 
                        (commonly known as the `Indian 
                        Reorganization Act') (25 U.S.C. 477) or 
                        section 8 of the Alaska Native Claims 
                        Settlement Act (43 U.S.C. 1607); or
                            ``(vi) a combination of 1 or more 
                        types of land described in clauses (i) 
                        through (v).
                    ``(B) Enrollment of acreage.--In the case 
                of''.
    (b) Change in Funding Source for Healthy Forests Reserve 
Program.--Section 508 of the Healthy Forests Restoration Act of 
2003 (16 U.S.C. 6578) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a), by striking ``In General'' 
        and inserting ``Fiscal Years 2009 Through 2013'';
            (2) by redesignating subsection (b) as subsection 
        (d); and
            (3) by inserting after subsection (a) the 
        following:
    ``(b) Fiscal Years 2014 Through 2018.--There is authorized 
to be appropriated to the Secretary of Agriculture to carry out 
this section $12,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2014 through 
2018.
    ``(c) Additional Source of Funds.--In addition to funds 
appropriated pursuant to the authorization of appropriations in 
subsection (b) for a fiscal year, the Secretary may use such 
amount of the funds appropriated for that fiscal year to carry 
out the Soil Conservation and Domestic Allotment Act (16 U.S.C. 
590a et seq.) as the Secretary determines necessary to cover 
the cost of technical assistance, management, and enforcement 
responsibilities for land enrolled in the healthy forests 
reserve program pursuant to subsections (a) and (b) of section 
504.''.

SEC. 8204. INSECT AND DISEASE INFESTATION.

    Title VI of the Healthy Forests Restoration Act of 2003 (16 
U.S.C. 6591 et seq.) is amended by adding at the end the 
following:

``SEC. 602. DESIGNATION OF TREATMENT AREAS.

    ``(a) Definition of Declining Forest Health.--In this 
section, the term `declining forest health' means a forest that 
is experiencing--
            ``(1) substantially increased tree mortality due to 
        insect or disease infestation; or
            ``(2) dieback due to infestation or defoliation by 
        insects or disease.
    ``(b) Designation of Treatment Areas.--
            ``(1) Initial areas.--Not later than 60 days after 
        the date of enactment of the Agricultural Act of 2014, 
        the Secretary shall, if requested by the Governor of 
        the State, designate as part of an insect and disease 
        treatment program 1 or more landscape-scale areas, such 
        as subwatersheds (sixth-level hydrologic units, 
        according to the System of Hydrologic Unit Codes of the 
        United States Geological Survey), in at least 1 
        national forest in each State that is experiencing an 
        insect or disease epidemic.
            ``(2) Additional areas.--After the end of the 60-
        day period described in paragraph (1), the Secretary 
        may designate additional landscape-scale areas under 
        this section as needed to address insect or disease 
        threats.
    ``(c) Requirements.--To be designated a landscape-scale 
area under subsection (b), the area shall be--
            ``(1) experiencing declining forest health, based 
        on annual forest health surveys conducted by the 
        Secretary;
            ``(2) at risk of experiencing substantially 
        increased tree mortality over the next 15 years due to 
        insect or disease infestation, based on the most recent 
        National Insect and Disease Risk Map published by the 
        Forest Service; or
            ``(3) in an area in which the risk of hazard trees 
        poses an imminent risk to public infrastructure, 
        health, or safety.
    ``(d) Treatment of Areas.--
            ``(1) In general.--The Secretary may carry out 
        priority projects on Federal land in the areas 
        designated under subsection (b) to reduce the risk or 
        extent of, or increase the resilience to, insect or 
        disease infestation in the areas.
            ``(2) Authority.--Any project under paragraph (1) 
        for which a public notice to initiate scoping is issued 
        on or before September 30, 2018, may be carried out in 
        accordance with subsections (b), (c), and (d) of 
        section 102, and sections 104, 105, and 106.
            ``(3) Effect.--Projects carried out under this 
        subsection shall be considered authorized hazardous 
        fuel reduction projects for purposes of the authorities 
        described in paragraph (2).
            ``(4) Report.--
                    ``(A) In general.--In accordance with the 
                schedule described in subparagraph (B), the 
                Secretary shall issue 2 reports on actions 
                taken to carry out this subsection, including--
                            ``(i) an evaluation of the progress 
                        towards project goals; and
                            ``(ii) recommendations for 
                        modifications to the projects and 
                        management treatments.
                    ``(B) Schedule.--The Secretary shall--
                            ``(i) not earlier than September 
                        30, 2018, issue the initial report 
                        under subparagraph (A); and
                            ``(ii) not earlier than September 
                        30, 2024, issue the second report under 
                        that subparagraph.
    ``(e) Tree Retention.--The Secretary shall carry out 
projects under subsection (d) in a manner that maximizes the 
retention of old-growth and large trees, as appropriate for the 
forest type, to the extent that the trees promote stands that 
are resilient to insects and disease.
    ``(f) Authorization of Appropriations.--There is authorized 
to be appropriated to carry out this section $200,000,000 for 
each of fiscal years 2014 through 2024.

``SEC. 603. ADMINISTRATIVE REVIEW.

    ``(a) In General.--Except as provided in subsection (d), a 
project described in subsection (b) that is conducted in 
accordance with section 602(d) may be--
            ``(1) considered an action categorically excluded 
        from the requirements of Public Law 91-190 (42 U.S.C. 
        4321 et seq.); and
            ``(2) exempt from the special administrative review 
        process under section 105.
    ``(b) Collaborative Restoration Project.--
            ``(1) In general.--A project referred to in 
        subsection (a) is a project to carry out forest 
        restoration treatments that--
                    ``(A) maximizes the retention of old-growth 
                and large trees, as appropriate for the forest 
                type, to the extent that the trees promote 
                stands that are resilient to insects and 
                disease;
                    ``(B) considers the best available 
                scientific information to maintain or restore 
                the ecological integrity, including maintaining 
                or restoring structure, function, composition, 
                and connectivity; and
                    ``(C) is developed and implemented through 
                a collaborative process that--
                            ``(i) includes multiple interested 
                        persons representing diverse interests; 
                        and
                            ``(ii)(I) is transparent and 
                        nonexclusive; or
                            ``(II) meets the requirements for a 
                        resource advisory committee under 
                        subsections (c) through (f) of section 
                        205 of the Secure Rural Schools and 
                        Community Self-Determination Act of 
                        2000 (16 U.S.C. 7125).
            ``(2) Inclusion.--A project under this subsection 
        may carry out part of a proposal that complies with the 
        eligibility requirements of the Collaborative Forest 
        Landscape Restoration Program under section 4003(b) of 
        the Omnibus Public Land Management Act of 2009 (16 
        U.S.C. 7303(b)).
    ``(c) Limitations.--
            ``(1) Project size.--A project under this section 
        may not exceed 3000 acres.
            ``(2) Location.--A project under this section shall 
        be limited to areas--
                    ``(A) in the wildland-urban interface; or
                    ``(B) Condition Classes 2 or 3 in Fire 
                Regime Groups I, II, or III, outside the 
                wildland-urban interface.
            ``(3) Roads.--
                    ``(A) Permanent roads.--
                            ``(i) Prohibition on 
                        establishment.--A project under this 
                        section shall not include the 
                        establishment of permanent roads.
                            ``(ii) Existing roads.--The 
                        Secretary may carry out necessary 
                        maintenance and repairs on existing 
                        permanent roads for the purposes of 
                        this section.
                    ``(B) Temporary roads.--The Secretary shall 
                decommission any temporary road constructed 
                under a project under this section not later 
                than 3 years after the date on which the 
                project is completed.
    ``(d) Exclusions.--This section does not apply to--
            ``(1) a component of the National Wilderness 
        Preservation System;
            ``(2) any Federal land on which, by Act of Congress 
        or Presidential proclamation, the removal of vegetation 
        is restricted or prohibited;
            ``(3) a congressionally designated wilderness study 
        area; or
            ``(4) an area in which activities under subsection 
        (a) would be inconsistent with the applicable land and 
        resource management plan.
    ``(e) Forest Management Plans.--All projects and activities 
carried out under this section shall be consistent with the 
land and resource management plan established under section 6 
of the Forest and Rangeland Renewable Resources Planning Act of 
1974 (16 U.S.C. 1604) for the unit of the National Forest 
System containing the projects and activities.
    ``(f) Public Notice and Scoping.--The Secretary shall 
conduct public notice and scoping for any project or action 
proposed in accordance with this section.
    ``(g) Accountability.--
            ``(1) In general.--The Secretary shall prepare an 
        annual report on the use of categorical exclusions 
        under this section that includes a description of all 
        acres (or other appropriate unit) treated through 
        projects carried out under this section.
            ``(2) Submission.--Not later than 1 year after the 
        date of enactment of this section, and each year 
        thereafter, the Secretary shall submit the reports 
        required under paragraph (1) to--
                    ``(A) the Committee on Agriculture, 
                Nutrition, and Forestry of the Senate;
                    ``(B) the Committee on Environment and 
                Public Works of the Senate;
                    ``(C) the Committee on Agriculture of the 
                House of Representatives;
                    ``(D) the Committee on Natural Resources of 
                the House of Representatives; and
                    ``(E) the Government Accountability 
                Office.''.

SEC. 8205. STEWARDSHIP END RESULT CONTRACTING PROJECTS.

    (a) In General.--Title VI of the Healthy Forests 
Restoration Act of 2003 (16 U.S.C. 6591) (as amended by section 
8204) is amended by adding at the end the following:

``SEC. 604. STEWARDSHIP END RESULT CONTRACTING PROJECTS.

    ``(a) Definitions.--In this section:
            ``(1) Chief.--The term `Chief' means the Chief of 
        the Forest Service.
            ``(2) Director.--The term `Director' means the 
        Director of the Bureau of Land Management.
    ``(b) Projects.--The Chief and the Director, via agreement 
or contract as appropriate, may enter into stewardship 
contracting projects with private persons or other public or 
private entities to perform services to achieve land management 
goals for the national forests and the public lands that meet 
local and rural community needs.
    ``(c) Land Management Goals.--The land management goals of 
a project under subsection (b) may include any of the 
following:
            ``(1) Road and trail maintenance or obliteration to 
        restore or maintain water quality.
            ``(2) Soil productivity, habitat for wildlife and 
        fisheries, or other resource values.
            ``(3) Setting of prescribed fires to improve the 
        composition, structure, condition, and health of stands 
        or to improve wildlife habitat.
            ``(4) Removing vegetation or other activities to 
        promote healthy forest stands, reduce fire hazards, or 
        achieve other land management objectives.
            ``(5) Watershed restoration and maintenance.
            ``(6) Restoration and maintenance of wildlife and 
        fish.
            ``(7) Control of noxious and exotic weeds and 
        reestablishing native plant species.
    ``(d) Agreements or Contracts.--
            ``(1) Procurement procedure.--A source for 
        performance of an agreement or contract under 
        subsection (b) shall be selected on a best-value basis, 
        including consideration of source under other public 
        and private agreements or contracts.
            ``(2) Contract for sale of property.--A contract 
        entered into under this section may, at the discretion 
        of the Secretary of Agriculture, be considered a 
        contract for the sale of property under such terms as 
        the Secretary may prescribe without regard to any other 
        provision of law.
            ``(3) Term.--
                    ``(A) In general.--Except as provided in 
                subparagraph (B), the Chief and the Director 
                may enter into a contract under subsection (b) 
                in accordance with section 3903 of title 41, 
                United States Code.
                    ``(B) Maximum.--The period of the contract 
                under subsection (b) may exceed 5 years but may 
                not exceed 10 years.
            ``(4) Offsets.--
                    ``(A) In general.--The Chief and the 
                Director may apply the value of timber or other 
                forest products removed as an offset against 
                the cost of services received under the 
                agreement or contract described in subsection 
                (b).
                    ``(B) Methods of appraisal.--The value of 
                timber or other forest products used as an 
                offset under subparagraph (A)--
                            ``(i) shall be determined using 
                        appropriate methods of appraisal 
                        commensurate with the quantity of 
                        products to be removed; and
                            ``(ii) may--
                                    ``(I) be determined using a 
                                unit of measure appropriate to 
                                the contracts; and
                                    ``(II) may include valuing 
                                products on a per-acre basis.
            ``(5) Relation to other laws.--Notwithstanding 
        subsections (d) and (g) of section 14 of the National 
        Forest Management Act of 1976 (16 U.S.C. 472a), the 
        Chief may enter into an agreement or contract under 
        subsection (b).
            ``(6) Contracting officer.--Notwithstanding any 
        other provision of law, the Secretary or the Secretary 
        of the Interior may determine the appropriate 
        contracting officer to enter into and administer an 
        agreement or contract under subsection (b).
            ``(7) Fire liability provisions.--Not later than 90 
        days after the date of enactment of this section, the 
        Chief and the Director shall issue for use in all 
        contracts and agreements under this section fire 
        liability provisions that are in substantially the same 
        form as the fire liability provisions contained in--
                    ``(A) integrated resource timber contracts, 
                as described in the Forest Service contract 
                numbered 2400-13, part H, section H.4; and
                    ``(B) timber sale contracts conducted 
                pursuant to section 14 of the National Forest 
                Management Act of 1976 (16 U.S.C. 472a).
    ``(e) Receipts.--
            ``(1) In general.--The Chief and the Director may 
        collect monies from an agreement or contract under 
        subsection (b) if the collection is a secondary 
        objective of negotiating the contract that will best 
        achieve the purposes of this section.
            ``(2) Use.--Monies from an agreement or contract 
        under subsection (b)--
                    ``(A) may be retained by the Chief and the 
                Director; and
                    ``(B) shall be available for expenditure 
                without further appropriation at the project 
                site from which the monies are collected or at 
                another project site.
            ``(3) Relation to other laws.--
                    ``(A) In general.--Notwithstanding any 
                other provision of law, the value of services 
                received by the Chief or the Director under a 
                stewardship contract project conducted under 
                this section, and any payments made or 
                resources provided by the contractor, Chief, or 
                Director shall not be considered monies 
                received from the National Forest System or the 
                public lands.
                    ``(B) Knutson-vanderberg act.--The Act of 
                June 9, 1930 (commonly known as the `Knutson-
                Vanderberg Act') (16 U.S.C. 576 et seq.) shall 
                not apply to any agreement or contract under 
                subsection (b).
    ``(f) Costs of Removal.--Notwithstanding the fact that a 
contractor did not harvest the timber, the Chief may collect 
deposits from a contractor covering the costs of removal of 
timber or other forest products under--
            ``(1) the Act of August 11, 1916 (16 U.S.C. 490); 
        and
            ``(2) the Act of June 30, 1914 (16 U.S.C. 498).
    ``(g) Performance and Payment Guarantees.--
            ``(1) In general.--The Chief and the Director may 
        require performance and payment bonds under sections 
        28.103-2 and 28.103-3 of the Federal Acquisition 
        Regulation, in an amount that the contracting officer 
        considers sufficient to protect the investment in 
        receipts by the Federal Government generated by the 
        contractor from the estimated value of the forest 
        products to be removed under a contract under 
        subsection (b).
            ``(2) Excess offset value.--If the offset value of 
        the forest products exceeds the value of the resource 
        improvement treatments, the Chief and the Director 
        may--
                    ``(A) collect any residual receipts under 
                the Act of June 9, 1930 (commonly known as the 
                `Knutson-Vanderberg Act') (16 U.S.C. 576 et 
                seq.); and
                    ``(B) apply the excess to other authorized 
                stewardship projects.
    ``(h) Monitoring and Evaluation.--
            ``(1) In general.--The Chief and the Director shall 
        establish a multiparty monitoring and evaluation 
        process that accesses the stewardship contracting 
        projects conducted under this section.
            ``(2) Participants.--Other than the Chief and 
        Director, participants in the process described in 
        paragraph (1) may include--
                    ``(A) any cooperating governmental 
                agencies, including tribal governments; and
                    ``(B) any other interested groups or 
                individuals.
    ``(i) Reporting.--Not later than 1 year after the date of 
enactment of this section, and annually thereafter, the Chief 
and the Director shall report to the Committee on Agriculture, 
Nutrition, and Forestry of the Senate and the Committee on 
Agriculture of the House of Representatives on--
            ``(1) the status of development, execution, and 
        administration of agreements or contracts under 
        subsection (b);
            ``(2) the specific accomplishments that have 
        resulted; and
            ``(3) the role of local communities in the 
        development of agreements or contract plans.''.
    (b) Conforming Amendment.--Section 347 of the Department of 
the Interior and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 1999 (16 
U.S.C. 2104 note; Public Law 105-277) is repealed.

SEC. 8206. GOOD NEIGHBOR AUTHORITY.

    (a) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) Authorized restoration services.--The term 
        ``authorized restoration services'' means similar and 
        complementary forest, rangeland, and watershed 
        restoration services carried out--
                    (A) on Federal land and non-Federal land; 
                and
                    (B) by either the Secretary or a Governor 
                pursuant to a good neighbor agreement.
            (2) Federal land.--
                    (A) In general.--The term ``Federal land'' 
                means land that is--
                            (i) National Forest System land; or
                            (ii) public land (as defined in 
                        section 103 of the Federal Land Policy 
                        and Management Act of 1976 (43 U.S.C. 
                        1702)).
                    (B) Exclusions.--The term ``Federal land'' 
                does not include--
                            (i) a component of the National 
                        Wilderness Preservation System;
                            (ii) Federal land on which the 
                        removal of vegetation is prohibited or 
                        restricted by Act of Congress or 
                        Presidential proclamation (including 
                        the applicable implementation plan); or
                            (iii) a wilderness study area.
            (3) Forest, rangeland, and watershed restoration 
        services.--
                    (A) In general.--The term ``forest, 
                rangeland, and watershed restoration services'' 
                means--
                            (i) activities to treat insect- and 
                        disease-infected trees;
                            (ii) activities to reduce hazardous 
                        fuels; and
                            (iii) any other activities to 
                        restore or improve forest, rangeland, 
                        and watershed health, including fish 
                        and wildlife habitat.
                    (B) Exclusions.--The term ``forest, 
                rangeland, and watershed restoration services'' 
                does not include--
                            (i) construction, reconstruction, 
                        repair, or restoration of paved or 
                        permanent roads or parking areas; or
                            (ii) construction, alteration, 
                        repair or replacement of public 
                        buildings or works.
            (4) Good neighbor agreement.--The term ``good 
        neighbor agreement'' means a cooperative agreement or 
        contract (including a sole source contract) entered 
        into between the Secretary and a Governor to carry out 
        authorized restoration services under this section.
            (5) Governor.--The term ``Governor'' means the 
        Governor or any other appropriate executive official of 
        an affected State or the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico.
            (6) Road.--The term ``road'' has the meaning given 
        the term in section 212.1 of title 36, Code of Federal 
        Regulations (as in effect on the date of enactment of 
        this Act).
            (7) Secretary.--The term ``Secretary means--
                    (A) the Secretary of Agriculture, with 
                respect to National Forest System land; and
                    (B) the Secretary of the Interior, with 
                respect to Bureau of Land Management land.
    (b) Good Neighbor Agreements.--
            (1) Good neighbor agreements.--
                    (A) In general.--The Secretary may enter 
                into a good neighbor agreement with a Governor 
                to carry out authorized restoration services in 
                accordance with this section.
                    (B) Public availability.--The Secretary 
                shall make each good neighbor agreement 
                available to the public.
            (2) Timber sales.--
                    (A) In general.--Subsections (d) and (g) of 
                section 14 of the National Forest Management 
                Act of 1976 (16 U.S.C. 472a(d) and (g)) shall 
                not apply to services performed under a 
                cooperative agreement or contract entered into 
                under subsection (a).
                    (B) Approval of silviculture prescriptions 
                and marking guides.--The Secretary shall 
                provide or approve all silviculture 
                prescriptions and marking guides to be applied 
                on Federal land in all timber sale projects 
                conducted under this section.
            (3) Retention of nepa responsibilities.--Any 
        decision required to be made under the National 
        Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (42 U.S.C. 4321 et 
        seq.) with respect to any authorized restoration 
        services to be provided under this section on Federal 
        land shall not be delegated to a Governor.

                  Subtitle D--Miscellaneous Provisions

SEC. 8301. REVISION OF STRATEGIC PLAN FOR FOREST INVENTORY AND 
                    ANALYSIS.

    (a) Revision Required.--Not later than 180 days after the 
date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall revise the 
strategic plan for forest inventory and analysis initially 
prepared pursuant to section 3(e) of the Forest and Rangeland 
Renewable Resources Research Act of 1978 (16 U.S.C. 1642(e)) to 
address the requirements imposed by subsection (b).
    (b) Elements of Revised Strategic Plan.--In revising the 
strategic plan, the Secretary shall describe in detail the 
organization, procedures, and funding needed to achieve each of 
the following:
            (1) Complete the transition to a fully annualized 
        forest inventory program and include inventory and 
        analysis of interior Alaska.
            (2) Implement an annualized inventory of trees in 
        urban settings, including the status and trends of 
        trees and forests, and assessments of their ecosystem 
        services, values, health, and risk to pests and 
        diseases.
            (3) Report information on renewable biomass 
        supplies and carbon stocks at the local, State, 
        regional, and national level, including by ownership 
        type.
            (4) Engage State foresters and other users of 
        information from the forest inventory and analysis in 
        reevaluating the list of core data variables collected 
        on forest inventory and analysis plots with an emphasis 
        on demonstrated need.
            (5) Improve the timeliness of the timber product 
        output program and accessibility of the annualized 
        information on that database.
            (6) Foster greater cooperation among the forest 
        inventory and analysis program, research station 
        leaders, and State foresters and other users of 
        information from the forest inventory and analysis.
            (7) Promote availability of and access to non-
        Federal resources to improve information analysis and 
        information management.
            (8) Collaborate with the Natural Resources 
        Conservation Service, National Aeronautics and Space 
        Administration, National Oceanic and Atmospheric 
        Administration, and United States Geological Survey to 
        integrate remote sensing, spatial analysis techniques, 
        and other new technologies in the forest inventory and 
        analysis program.
            (9) Understand and report on changes in land cover 
        and use.
            (10) Expand existing programs to promote 
        sustainable forest stewardship through increased 
        understanding, in partnership with other Federal 
        agencies, of the over 10,000,000 family forest owners, 
        their demographics, and the barriers to forest 
        stewardship.
            (11) Implement procedures to improve the 
        statistical precision of estimates at the sub-State 
        level.
    (c) Submission of Revised Strategic Plan.--The Secretary 
shall submit the revised strategic plan to the Committee on 
Agriculture of the House of Representatives and the Committee 
on Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry of the Senate.

SEC. 8302. FOREST SERVICE PARTICIPATION IN ACES PROGRAM.

    The Secretary, acting through the Chief of the Forest 
Service, may use funds derived from conservation-related 
programs executed on National Forest System land to utilize the 
Agriculture Conservation Experienced Services Program 
established pursuant to section 1252 of the Food Security Act 
of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3851) to provide technical services for 
conservation-related programs and authorities carried out by 
the Secretary on National Forest System land.

SEC. 8303. EXTENSION OF STEWARDSHIP CONTRACTS AUTHORITY REGARDING USE 
                    OF DESIGNATION BY PRESCRIPTION TO ALL THINNING 
                    SALES UNDER NATIONAL FOREST MANAGEMENT ACT OF 1976.

    Section 14 of the National Forest Management Act of 1976 
(16 U.S.C. 472a) is amended by striking subsection (g) and 
inserting the following:
    ``(g) Designation and Supervision of Harvesting.--
            ``(1) In general.--Designation, including marking 
        when necessary, designation by description, or 
        designation by prescription, and supervision of 
        harvesting of trees, portions of trees, or forest 
        products shall be conducted by persons employed by the 
        Secretary of Agriculture.
            ``(2) Requirement.--Persons employed by the 
        Secretary of Agriculture under paragraph (1)--
                    ``(A) shall have no personal interest in 
                the purchase or harvest of the products; and
                    ``(B) shall not be directly or indirectly 
                in the employment of the purchaser of the 
                products.
            ``(3) Methods for designation.--Designation by 
        prescription and designation by description shall be 
        considered valid methods for designation, and may be 
        supervised by use of post-harvest cruise, sample weight 
        scaling, or other methods determined by the Secretary 
        of Agriculture to be appropriate.''.

SEC. 8304. REIMBURSEMENT OF FIRE FUNDS.

    (a) Definition of State.--In this section, the term 
``State'' means--
            (1) a State; and
            (2) the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico.
    (b) In General.--If a State seeks reimbursement for amounts 
expended for resources and services provided to another State 
for the management and suppression of a wildfire, the 
Secretary, subject to subsections (c) and (d)--
            (1) may accept the reimbursement amounts from the 
        other State; and
            (2) shall pay those amounts to the State seeking 
        reimbursement.
    (c) Mutual Assistance Agreement.--As a condition of seeking 
and providing reimbursement under subsection (b), the State 
seeking reimbursement and the State providing reimbursement 
must each have a mutual assistance agreement with the Forest 
Service or another Federal agency for providing and receiving 
wildfire management and suppression resources and services.
    (d) Terms and Conditions.--The Secretary may prescribe the 
terms and conditions determined to be necessary to carry out 
subsection (b).
    (e) Effect on Prior Reimbursements.--Any acceptance of 
funds or reimbursements made by the Secretary before the date 
of enactment of this Act that otherwise would have been 
authorized under this section shall be considered to have been 
made in accordance with this section.
    (f) Amendment.--Section 5(b) of the Act of May 27, 1955 (42 
U.S.C. 1856d(b)) is amended in the first sentence by inserting 
``or Department of Agriculture'' after ``Department of 
Defense''.

SEC. 8305. FOREST SERVICE LARGE AIRTANKER AND AERIAL ASSET FIREFIGHTING 
                    RECAPITALIZATION PILOT PROGRAM.

    (a) In General.--Subject to the availability of 
appropriations, the Secretary, acting through the Chief of the 
Forest Service, may establish a large airtanker and aerial 
asset lease program in accordance with this section.
    (b) Aircraft Requirements.--In carrying out the program 
described in subsection (a), the Secretary may enter into a 
multiyear lease contract for up to 5 aircraft that meet the 
criteria--
            (1) described in the Forest Service document 
        entitled ``Large Airtanker Modernization Strategy'' and 
        dated February 10, 2012, for large airtankers; and
            (2) determined by the Secretary, for other aerial 
        assets.
    (c) Lease Terms.--The term of any individual lease 
agreement into which the Secretary enters under this section 
shall be--
            (1) up to 5 years, inclusive of any options to 
        renew or extend the initial lease term; and
            (2) in accordance with section 3903 of title 41, 
        United States Code.
    (d) Prohibition.--No lease entered into under this section 
shall provide for the purchase of the aircraft by, or the 
transfer of ownership to, the Forest Service.

SEC. 8306. LAND CONVEYANCE, JEFFERSON NATIONAL FOREST IN WISE COUNTY, 
                    VIRGINIA.

    (a) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) Association.--The term ``Association'' means 
        the Mullins and Sturgill Cemetery Association of Pound, 
        Virginia.
            (2) Map.--The term ``map'' means the map titled 
        ``Mullins and Sturgill Cemetery'' dated March 1, 2013.
    (b) Conveyance Required.--Upon payment by the Association 
of the consideration under subsection (c) and the costs under 
subsection (e), the Secretary shall, subject to valid existing 
rights, convey to the Association all right, title, and 
interest of the United States in and to a parcel of National 
Forest System land in the Jefferson National Forest in Wise 
County, Virginia, consisting of approximately 0.70 acres and 
containing the Mullins and Sturgill Cemetery and an easement to 
provide access to the parcel, as generally depicted on the map.
    (c) Consideration.--
            (1) Fair market value.--As consideration for the 
        land conveyed under subsection (b), the Association 
        shall pay to the Secretary cash in an amount equal to 
        the market value of the land, as determined by an 
        appraisal approved by the Secretary and conducted in 
        conformity with the Uniform Appraisal Standards for 
        Federal Land Acquisitions and section 206 of the 
        Federal Land Policy and Management Act of 1976 (43 
        U.S.C. 1716).
            (2) Deposit.--The consideration received by the 
        Secretary under paragraph (1) shall be deposited into 
        the general fund of the Treasury of the United States 
        for the purposes of deficit reduction.
    (d) Description of Property.--The exact acreage and legal 
description of the land to be conveyed under subsection (b) 
shall be determined by a survey satisfactory to the Secretary.
    (e) Costs.--The Association shall pay to the Secretary at 
closing the reasonable costs of the survey, the appraisal, and 
any administrative and environmental analyses required by law.
    (f) Additional Terms and Conditions.--The Secretary may 
require such additional terms and conditions in connection with 
the conveyance under subsection (b) as the Secretary considers 
appropriate to protect the interests of the United States.

                            TITLE IX--ENERGY

SEC. 9001. DEFINITIONS.

    Section 9001 of the Farm Security and Rural Investment Act 
of 2002 (7 U.S.C. 8101) is amended by--
            (1) redesignating paragraphs (9), (10), (11), (12), 
        (13), and (14) as paragraphs (10), (11), (12), (13), 
        (15), and (17);
            (2) inserting after paragraph (8), the following 
        new paragraph:
            ``(9) Forest product.--
                    ``(A) In general.--The term `forest 
                product' means a product made from materials 
                derived from the practice of forestry or the 
                management of growing timber.
                    ``(B) Inclusions.--The term `forest 
                product' includes--
                            ``(i) pulp, paper, paperboard, 
                        pellets, lumber, and other wood 
                        products; and
                            ``(ii) any recycled products 
                        derived from forest materials.'';
            (3) by inserting after paragraph (13) (as 
        redesignated by paragraph (1) of this section) the 
        following:
            ``(14) Renewable chemical.--The term `renewable 
        chemical' means a monomer, polymer, plastic, formulated 
        product, or chemical substance produced from renewable 
        biomass.''; and
            (4) inserting after paragraph (15) (as so 
        redesignated), the following new paragraph:
            ``(16) Renewable energy system.--
                    ``(A) In general.--Subject to subparagraph 
                (B), the term `renewable energy system' means a 
                system that--
                            ``(i) produces usable energy from a 
                        renewable energy source; and
                            ``(ii) may include distribution 
                        components necessary to move energy 
                        produced by such system to the initial 
                        point of sale.
                    ``(B) Limitation.--A system described in 
                subparagraph (A) may not include a mechanism 
                for dispensing energy at retail.''.

SEC. 9002. BIOBASED MARKETS PROGRAM.

    (a) In General.--Section 9002 of the Farm Security and 
Rural Investment Act of 2002 (7 U.S.C. 8102) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)--
                    (A) in paragraph (2)(A)(i)--
                            (i) in subclause (I), by striking 
                        ``and'' at the end;
                            (ii) in subclause (II)(bb), by 
                        striking the period at the end and 
                        inserting ``; and''; and
                            (iii) by adding at the end the 
                        following:
                                    ``(III) establish a 
                                targeted biobased-only 
                                procurement requirement under 
                                which the procuring agency 
                                shall issue a certain number of 
                                biobased-only contracts when 
                                the procuring agency is 
                                purchasing products, or 
                                purchasing services that 
                                include the use of products, 
                                that are included in a biobased 
                                product category designated by 
                                the Secretary.''; and
                    (B) in paragraph (3)--
                            (i) in subparagraph (B)--
                                    (I) in clause (v), by 
                                inserting ``as determined to be 
                                necessary by the Secretary 
                                based on the availability of 
                                data,'' before ``provide 
                                information'';
                                    (II) by redesignating 
                                clauses (v) and (vi) as clauses 
                                (vii) and (viii), respectively; 
                                and
                                    (III) by inserting after 
                                clause (iv) the following:
                            ``(v) require reporting of 
                        quantities and types of biobased 
                        products purchased by procuring 
                        agencies;
                            ``(vi) promote biobased products, 
                        including forest products, that apply 
                        an innovative approach to growing, 
                        harvesting, sourcing, procuring, 
                        processing, manufacturing, or 
                        application of biobased products 
                        regardless of the date of entry into 
                        the marketplace;''; and
                            (ii) by adding at the end the 
                        following:
                    ``(F) Required designations.--Not later 
                than 1 year after the date of enactment of this 
                subparagraph, the Secretary shall begin to 
                designate intermediate ingredients or 
                feedstocks and assembled and finished biobased 
                products in the guidelines issued under this 
                paragraph.'';
            (2) in subsection (b)--
                    (A) in paragraph (3)--
                            (i) by striking ``The Secretary'' 
                        and inserting the following:
                    ``(A) In general.--The Secretary''; and
                            (ii) by adding at the end the 
                        following:
                    ``(B) Auditing and compliance.--The 
                Secretary may carry out such auditing and 
                compliance activities as the Secretary 
                determines to be necessary to ensure compliance 
                with subparagraph (A).''; and
                    (B) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(4) Assembled and finished products.--Not later 
        than 1 year after the date of enactment of this 
        paragraph, the Secretary shall begin issuing criteria 
        for determining which assembled and finished products 
        may qualify to receive the label under paragraph 
        (1).'';
            (3) in subsection (g)--
                    (A) in paragraph (2)--
                            (i) in the matter preceding 
                        subparagraph (A) by striking ``The 
                        report'' and inserting ``Each report 
                        under paragraph (1)'';
                            (ii) in subparagraph (A), by 
                        striking ``and'' at the end;
                            (iii) in subparagraph (B)(ii), by 
                        striking the period at the end and 
                        inserting ``; and''; and
                            (iv) by adding at the end the 
                        following new subparagraph:
                    ``(C) the progress made by other Federal 
                agencies in compliance with the biobased 
                procurement requirements, including the 
                quantity of purchases made.''; and
                    (B) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(3) Economic impact study and report.--
                    ``(A) In general.--The Secretary shall 
                conduct a study to assess the economic impact 
                of the biobased products industry, including--
                            ``(i) the quantity of biobased 
                        products sold;
                            ``(ii) the value of the biobased 
                        products;
                            ``(iii) the quantity of jobs 
                        created;
                            ``(iv) the quantity of petroleum 
                        displaced;
                            ``(v) other environmental benefits; 
                        and
                            ``(vi) areas in which the use or 
                        manufacturing of biobased products 
                        could be more effectively used, 
                        including identifying any technical and 
                        economic obstacles and recommending how 
                        those obstacles can be overcome.
                    ``(B) Report.--Not later than 1 year after 
                the date of enactment of this subparagraph, the 
                Secretary shall submit to Congress a report 
                describing the results of the study conducted 
                under subparagraph (A).'';
            (4) by redesignating subsections (g) and (h) as 
        subsections (h) and (i), respectively;
            (5) by inserting after subsection (f) the following 
        new subsection:
    ``(g) Forest Products Laboratory Coordination.--In 
determining whether products are eligible for the `USDA 
Certified Biobased Product' label, the Secretary (acting 
through the Forest Products Laboratory) shall provide 
appropriate technical and other assistance to the program and 
applicants for forest products.''; and
            (6) in subsection (i) (as redesignated by paragraph 
        (4)), by striking paragraphs (1) and (2) and inserting 
        the following new paragraphs:
            ``(1) Mandatory funding.--Of the funds of the 
        Commodity Credit Corporation, the Secretary shall use 
        to carry out this section $3,000,000 for each of fiscal 
        years 2014 through 2018.
            ``(2) Discretionary funding.--There is authorized 
        to be appropriated to carry out this section $2,000,000 
        for each of fiscal years 2014 through 2018.''; and
            (7) by adding at the end the following new 
        subsection:
    ``(j) Biobased Product Inclusion.--In this section, the 
term `biobased product' (as defined in section 9001) includes, 
with respect to forestry materials, forest products that meet 
biobased content requirements, notwithstanding the market share 
the product holds, the age of the product, or whether the 
market for the product is new or emerging.''.
    (b) Conforming Amendment.--Section 944(c)(2)(A) of the 
Energy Policy Act of 2005 (42 U.S.C. 16253(c)(2)(A)) is amended 
by striking ``section 9002(h)(1)'' and inserting ``section 
9002(b)''.

SEC. 9003. BIOREFINERY ASSISTANCE.

    (a) Program Adjustments.--Section 9003 of the Farm Security 
and Rural Investment Act of 2002 (7 U.S.C. 8103) is amended--
            (1) in the section heading, by inserting ``, 
        renewable chemical, and biobased product 
        manufacturing'' after ``biorefinery'';
            (2) in subsection (a), in the matter preceding 
        paragraph (1), by inserting ``renewable chemicals, and 
        biobased product manufacturing'' after ``advanced 
        biofuels,'';
            (3) in subsection (b)--
                    (A) by redesignating paragraphs (1) and (2) 
                as paragraphs (2) and (3), respectively; and
                    (B) by inserting before paragraph (2) (as 
                so redesignated) the following:
            ``(1) Biobased product manufacturing.--The term 
        `biobased product manufacturing' means development, 
        construction, and retrofitting of technologically new 
        commercial-scale processing and manufacturing equipment 
        and required facilities that will be used to convert 
        renewable chemicals and other biobased outputs of 
        biorefineries into end-user products on a commercial 
        scale.'';
            (4) in subsection (c), by striking ``to eligible 
        entities'' and all that follows through ``guarantees 
        for loans'' and inserting ``to eligible entities 
        guarantees for loans'';
            (5) by striking subsection (d);
            (6) by redesignating subsections (e), (f), (g), and 
        (h) as subsections (d), (e), (f), and (g), 
        respectively; and
            (7) in subsection (d) (as so redesignated)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1), by adding at the end 
                the following new subparagraph:
                    ``(D) Project diversity.--In approving loan 
                guarantee applications, the Secretary shall 
                ensure that, to the extent practicable, there 
                is diversity in the types of projects approved 
                for loan guarantees to ensure that as wide a 
                range as possible of technologies, products, 
                and approaches are assisted.''.
                    (B) by striking ``subsection (c)(2)'' each 
                place it appears and inserting ``subsection 
                (c)''; and
                    (C) in paragraph (2)(C), by striking 
                ``subsection (h)'' and inserting ``subsection 
                (g)''.
    (b) Funding.--Subsection (g) of section 9003 of the Farm 
Security and Rural Investment Act of 2002 (7 U.S.C. 8103) (as 
redesignated by paragraph (6)) is amended--
            (1) by striking paragraph (1) and inserting the 
        following:
            ``(1) Mandatory funding.--
                    ``(A) In general.--Subject to subparagraph 
                (B), of the funds of the Commodity Credit 
                Corporation, the Secretary shall use for the 
                cost of loan guarantees under this section, to 
                remain available until expended--
                            ``(i) $100,000,000 for fiscal year 
                        2014; and
                            ``(ii) $50,000,000 for each of 
                        fiscal years 2015 and 2016.
                    ``(B) Biobased product manufacturing.--Of 
                the total amount of funds made available for 
                fiscal years 2014 and 2015 under subparagraph 
                (A), the Secretary may use for the cost of loan 
                guarantees under this section not more than 15 
                percent of such funds to promote biobased 
                product manufacturing.''; and
            (2) in paragraph (2), by striking ``$150,000,000 
        for each of fiscal years 2009 through 2013'' and 
        inserting ``$75,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2014 
        through 2018''.

SEC. 9004. REPOWERING ASSISTANCE PROGRAM.

    Section 9004(d) of the Farm Security and Rural Investment 
Act of 2002 (7 U.S.C. 8104(d)) is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1), by striking ``$35,000,000 for 
        fiscal year 2009'' and inserting ``$12,000,000 for 
        fiscal year 2014''; and
            (2) in paragraph (2), by striking ``$15,000,000 for 
        each of fiscal years 2009 through 2013'' and inserting 
        ``$10,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2014 through 
        2018''.

SEC. 9005. BIOENERGY PROGRAM FOR ADVANCED BIOFUELS.

    Section 9005(g) of the Farm Security and Rural Investment 
Act of 2002 (7 U.S.C. 8105(g)) is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1)--
                    (A) in subparagraph (C), by striking ``; 
                and'' and inserting a semicolon;
                    (B) in subparagraph (D), by striking the 
                period and inserting ``; and''; and
                    (C) by adding at the end the following new 
                subparagraph:
                    ``(E) $15,000,000 for each of fiscal years 
                2014 through 2018.''; and
            (2) in paragraph (2), by striking ``$25,000,000 for 
        each of fiscal years 2009 through 2013'' and inserting 
        ``$20,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2014 through 
        2018''.

SEC. 9006. BIODIESEL FUEL EDUCATION PROGRAM.

    Section 9006(d) of the Farm Security and Rural Investment 
Act of 2002 (7 U.S.C. 8106(d)) is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1)--
                    (A) in the heading, by striking ``Fiscal 
                years 2009 through 2012'' and inserting 
                ``Mandatory funding''; and
                    (B) by striking ``2012'' and inserting 
                ``2018''; and
            (2) i