H. Rept. 113-158 - 113th Congress (2013-2014)
July 17, 2013, As Reported by the Rules Committee

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House Report 113-158 - PROVIDING FOR CONSIDERATION OF THE BILL (H.R. 5) TO SUPPORT STATE AND LOCAL ACCOUNTABILITY FOR PUBLIC EDUCATION, PROTECT STATE AND LOCAL AUTHORITY, INFORM PARENTS OF THE PERFORMANCE OF THEIR CHILDREN'S SCHOOLS, AND FOR OTHER PURPOSES




[House Report 113-158]
[From the U.S. Government Publishing Office]


113th Congress  }                                          {     Report
                        HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
 1st Session    }                                          {    113-158
_______________________________________________________________________

                                     



 PROVIDING FOR CONSIDERATION OF THE BILL (H.R. 5) TO SUPPORT STATE AND 
  LOCAL ACCOUNTABILITY FOR PUBLIC EDUCATION, PROTECT STATE AND LOCAL 
   AUTHORITY, INFORM PARENTS OF THE PERFORMANCE OF THEIR CHILDREN'S 
                    SCHOOLS, AND FOR OTHER PURPOSES

                               ----------                              

                              R E P O R T

                                 of the

                           COMMITTEE ON RULES

                              To accompany

                              H. Res. 303



[GRAPHIC(S) NOT AVAILABLE IN TIFF FORMAT]




   July 17, 2013.--Referred to the House Calendar and ordered to be 
                                printed











113th Congress  }                                          {     Report
                        HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
 1st Session    }                                          {    113-158
_______________________________________________________________________

                                     



 PROVIDING FOR CONSIDERATION OF THE BILL (H.R. 5) TO SUPPORT STATE AND 
  LOCAL ACCOUNTABILITY FOR PUBLIC EDUCATION, PROTECT STATE AND LOCAL 
   AUTHORITY, INFORM PARENTS OF THE PERFORMANCE OF THEIR CHILDREN'S 
                    SCHOOLS, AND FOR OTHER PURPOSES

                               __________

                              R E P O R T

                                 of the

                           COMMITTEE ON RULES

                              to accompany

                              H. Res. 303




[GRAPHIC(S) NOT AVAILABLE IN TIFF FORMAT]


   July 17, 2013.--Referred to the House Calendar and ordered to be 
                                printed

                                 ______

                   U.S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE

81-951                      WASHINGTON : 2013






113th Congress   }                                          {    Report
                        HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
 1st Session     }                                          {   113-158

======================================================================

 
 PROVIDING FOR CONSIDERATION OF THE BILL (H.R. 5) TO SUPPORT STATE AND 
  LOCAL ACCOUNTABILITY FOR PUBLIC EDUCATION, PROTECT STATE AND LOCAL 
   AUTHORITY, INFORM PARENTS OF THE PERFORMANCE OF THEIR CHILDREN'S 
                    SCHOOLS, AND FOR OTHER PURPOSES

                                _______
                                

   July 17, 2013.--Referred to the House Calendar and ordered to be 
                                printed

                                _______
                                

                Ms. Foxx, from the Committee on Rules, 
                        submitted the following

                              R E P O R T

                       [To accompany H. Res. 303]

    The Committee on Rules, having had under consideration 
House Resolution 303, by a vote of 8 to 4, report the same to 
the House with the recommendation that the resolution be 
adopted.

                SUMMARY OF PROVISIONS OF THE RESOLUTION

    The resolution provides for consideration of H.R. 5, the 
Student Success Act, under a structured rule. The resolution 
provides one hour of general debate equally divided and 
controlled by the chair and ranking minority member of the 
Committee on Education and the Workforce. The resolution waives 
all points of order against consideration of the bill. The 
resolution makes in order as original text for the purpose of 
amendment an amendment in the nature of a substitute consisting 
of the text of Rules Committee Print 113-18 and provides that 
it shall be considered as read. The resolution waives all 
points of order against the amendment in the nature of a 
substitute. The resolution makes in order only those further 
amendments printed in this report. Each such amendment may be 
offered only in the order printed in this report, may be 
offered only by a Member designated in this report, shall be 
considered as read, shall be debatable for the time specified 
in this report equally divided and controlled by the proponent 
and an opponent, may be withdrawn by its proponent at any time 
before action thereon, shall not be subject to amendment, and 
shall not be subject to a demand for division of the question 
in the House or in the Committee of the Whole. The resolution 
waives all points of order against the amendments printed in 
this report. The resolution provides one motion to recommit 
with or without instructions.

                         EXPLANATION OF WAIVERS

    The waiver of all points of order against consideration of 
the bill includes a waiver of section 3(j)(2) of H. Res. 5 
(113th Congress). While the Committee on Education and the 
Workforce statement in its report does not include the required 
specific references to reports from the Government 
Accountability Office to Congress pursuant to section 21 of 
Public Law 111-139 or the most recent Catalog of Federal 
Domestic Assistance, the Committee on Education and the 
Workforce has determined that the bill streamlines and 
eliminates more than seventy existing elementary and secondary 
education programs.
    Although the resolution waives all points of order against 
the amendment in the nature of a substitute made in order as 
original text, the Committee is not aware of any points of 
order. The waiver is prophylactic in nature.
    Although the resolution waives all points of order against 
the amendments printed in this report, the Committee is not 
aware of any points of order. The waiver is prophylactic in 
nature.

Rules Committee record vote No. 56

    Motion by Mr. McGovern to report an open rule. Defeated: 4-
8

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                Majority Members                      Vote               Minority Members               Vote
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Ms. Foxx........................................          Nay   Ms. Slaughter.....................          Yea
Mr. Bishop of Utah..............................          Nay   Mr. McGovern......................          Yea
Mr. Cole........................................          Nay   Mr. Hastings of Florida...........          Yea
Mr. Woodall.....................................          Nay   Mr. Polis.........................          Yea
Mr. Nugent......................................  ............
Mr. Webster.....................................          Nay
Ms. Ros-Lehtinen................................          Nay
Mr. Burgess.....................................          Nay
Mr. Sessions, Chairman..........................          Nay
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Rules Committee record vote No. 57

    Motion by Mr. Polis to make in order and provide the 
appropriate waivers for amendment #24, offered by Rep. Polis 
(CO), which establishes a comprehensive federal prohibition of 
discrimination in public schools based on actual or perceived 
sexual orientation or gender identity. Defeated: 5-7.

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                Majority Members                      Vote               Minority Members               Vote
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Ms. Foxx........................................          Nay   Ms. Slaughter.....................          Yea
Mr. Bishop of Utah..............................          Nay   Mr. McGovern......................          Yea
Mr. Cole........................................          Nay   Mr. Hastings of Florida...........          Yea
Mr. Woodall.....................................          Nay   Mr. Polis.........................          Yea
Mr. Nugent......................................  ............
Mr. Webster.....................................          Nay
Ms. Ros-Lehtinen................................          Yea
Mr. Burgess.....................................          Nay
Mr. Sessions, Chairman..........................          Nay
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Rules Committee record vote No. 58

    Motion by Ms. Foxx to report the rule. Adopted: 8-4.

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                Majority Members                      Vote               Minority Members               Vote
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Ms. Foxx........................................          Yea   Ms. Slaughter.....................          Nay
Mr. Bishop of Utah..............................          Yea   Mr. McGovern......................          Nay
Mr. Cole........................................          Yea   Mr. Hastings of Florida...........          Nay
Mr. Woodall.....................................          Yea   Mr. Polis.........................          Nay
Mr. Nugent......................................  ............
Mr. Webster.....................................          Yea
Ms. Ros-Lehtinen................................          Yea
Mr. Burgess.....................................          Yea
Mr. Sessions, Chairman..........................          Yea
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

                SUMMARY OF THE AMENDMENTS MADE IN ORDER

    1. Kline (MN), Rokita (IN): MANAGERS Clarifies that a state 
opting not to receive funds for a program under the Act shall 
not be required to carry out any of the requirements of such 
program and that states and school districts can support civics 
education efforts, and makes other technical improvements. (10 
minutes)
    2. Young, Don (AK), Gabbard (HI), Hanabusa (HI), McCollum 
(MN): Restores, and makes policy improvements to, educational 
support programs for American Indian, Alaska Native, and Native 
Hawaiian students which are currently authorized under Title 
VII of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act and would be 
diminished by H.R. 5, the Student Success Act. (10 minutes)
    3. Cardenas (CA): Increases the authorized funding level to 
$775,000,000 until FY 2019. (10 minutes)
    4. Luetkemeyer (MO): Expresses the sense of the Congress 
that States and local education agencies should maintain the 
rights and responsibilities of determining curriculum and 
assessments for elementary and secondary education. (10 
minutes)
    5. Jackson Lee (TX): States that if funding for awards to 
states is not sufficient then funding will be targeted to 
schools serving neglected, delinquent, migrant students, 
English learners, at-risk students, and Native Americans, to 
increase academic achievements of such students. (10 minutes)
    6. Bentivolio (MI): Requires State educational agencies to 
consult with private sector employers and entrepreneurs as part 
of its education plan. It also requires the Secretary to have 
representatives from private sector employers appointed to the 
peer-review process by reducing practitioners from 75 percent 
to 65 percent. (10 minutes)
    7. McMorris Rodgers (WA): Reinstates the 1 percent cap as 
it relates to students with the most significant cognizant 
disabilities participating in the alternate assessments; 
ensures alternate assessments are tied to academic content 
standards for grade in which student enrolled; and ensures 
parents are involved in the development of assessments as it 
relates to the student's individualized education program. (10 
minutes)
    8. Reed (NY), McKinley (WV), Owens (NY): Clarifies that 
LEA's and SEA's are able to use multiple measures when 
identifying academic performance measurements instead of the 
current one-size-fits-all testing assessments. (10 minutes)
    9. Benishek (MI): Encourages states to include the number 
of students attaining career and technical education 
proficiencies enrolled in public secondary schools, in its 
annual State report card. This information is already required 
to be collected by the Perkins Act, and would simply streamline 
access to information to the public. (10 minutes)
    10. Heck (NV): Provides LEAs with the option of entering 
into partnerships or contracts with other entities to implement 
programs that serve youth in, or transitioning out of, 
institutions and correctional facilities, and youth at-risk of 
dropping out of school. This would provide LEAs with the option 
to partner with organizations that have the existing experience 
and resources to enhance the effectiveness of services provided 
by school districts to vulnerable populations through the 
Neglected/Delinquent program in an integrated fashion. (10 
minutes)
    11. Schock (IL), Meehan (PA): Ensures that greater 
authority and governance are restored to local educational 
agencies as delegated by their States. It also ensures that the 
Secretary of Education does not impose any additional 
requirements or burdens on local educational agencies unless 
explicitly authorized by federal law. (10 minutes)
    12. Scalise (LA), Bishop, Rob (UT): States that under Title 
II in H.R. 5 there would be no federal mandate for States to 
conduct teacher evaluations. (10 minutes)
    13. Moore, Gwen (WI), Wilson (FL): Delays implementation of 
new Title II formula until the Secretary of Education 
determines that the implementation will not reduce funding for 
schools serving high percentages of students in poverty. (10 
minutes)
    14. Bishop, Rob (UT): Eliminates Subsection C of Section 
2111, which allows grant money to bypass states and go directly 
from the Department of Education to local districts. (10 
minutes)
    15. Tonko (NY): Reserves 10% of existing grant funding 
under the Teacher and Principal Training and Recruiting Fund 
for competitive subgrants that would allow organizations with 
STEM expertise to provide STEM professional development and 
instructional materials throughout the state for elementary and 
secondary education. (10 minutes)
    16. Brooks, Susan (IN), Polis (CO): Clarifies that federal 
funds may be used for computer science education. (10 minutes)
    17. Polis (CO), Petri (WI): Allows charter schools to use 
grant funds for teacher preparation, professional development, 
and improving school conditions; ensures that charter schools 
expand outreach to low-income and underserved populations. (10 
minutes)
    18. Velazquez (NY): Requires that applicants consider how 
to target their services to low-income students and parents, 
including low-income students and parents who are not 
proficient in English. (10 minutes)
    19. Mullin, Markwayne (OK): Strikes language in the bill 
that allows consolidated districts to be eligible for payment 
if they do not qualify after consolidation; strikes language 
allowing for mid-year adjustment for student counts; makes the 
8007 Construction Program a competitive grant program. (10 
minutes)
    20. Garrett (NJ): Clarifies that states that opt out of 
receiving funds, or are not awarded funds, under this Act are 
not required to carry out any of the requirements of the 
programs under this Act. The amendment also clarifies that 
states are not required to participate in any program under 
this Act. (10 minutes)
    21. Broun (GA): Requires the Secretary of Education to 
include in their report to Congress the average salary of 
employees who were determined to be associated with eliminated 
or consolidated programs or projects by the underlying 
legislation and a report on the average salaries of the 
employees of the Department according to their job function. 
(10 minutes)
    22. Culberson (TX): Empowers States by giving them the 
opportunity to accept or reject federal grant money. Grant 
money rejected by State legislatures would be dedicated to 
paying off our outstanding national debt. (10 minutes)
    23. Fitzpatrick (PA), Meehan (PA): Provides a funding 
condition for a state or local educational agency to be 
eligible for funds, agency personnel cannot facilitate the 
transfer of an employee if they know, or have probable cause to 
believe, that the employee has engaged in sexual misconduct 
with a minor. Agencies must also require employees be subjected 
to background checks in compliance with the Adam Walsh Child 
Protection and Safety Act. (10 minutes)
    24. Jackson Lee (TX): Creates a report containing 
recommendations regarding the advisability of authorizing a 
state education authority to close a school district over the 
opposition of a locally elected school board, and regarding 
best practices governing the exercise of authority by a state 
education agency in monitoring, supervising and controlling 
under-performing school districts with particular emphasis on 
rural and underserved school districts. (10 minutes)
    25. Cantor (VA), Bishop, Rob (UT): Allows Title I funds to 
follow students to other public schools or charter schools, 
upon the state opting to allow it. (10 minutes)
    26. Miller, George (CA): SUBSTITUTE Reauthorizes the 
Elementary and Secondary Education Act to maintain the civil 
rights and equity focus of the law and to ensure all students 
have access to an education that prepares them for college and 
the workforce. Supports all students, and in particular those 
who are historically disadvantaged, through access to high 
quality state-developed standards, a meaningful but flexible 
accountability and school improvement system, improved and 
targeted professional development and working conditions for 
teachers and school leaders, additional learning time and 
after-school programs, and dedicated supports for wrap-around 
services for students and a well-rounded education. (20 
minutes)

                    TEXT OF AMENDMENTS MADE IN ORDER

 1. An Amendment To Be Offered by Representative Kline of Minnesota or 
                 His Designee, Debatable for 10 Minutes

  Page 25, line 5, insert ``, at the State's discretion,'' 
after ``and''.
  Page 28, line 13, strike ``and''.
  Page 28, line 18, strike the period and insert ``, and''.
  Page 28, after line 18, insert the following:
                          ``(xiv) where practicable, be 
                        developed using the principles of 
                        universal design for learning as 
                        defined in section 103(24) of the 
                        Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 
                        1003(24)).''.
  Page 54, beginning on line 17, strike ``and early college 
high schools'' and insert ``, early college high schools, and 
Advanced Placement or International Baccalaureate programs''.
  Page 195, line 16, strike ``AND TRIBES'' and insert ``, 
TRIBES, AND ALASKA NATIVE ORGANIZATIONS''.
  Page 195, line 19, strike ``and Indian tribes'' and insert 
``, Indian tribes, and Alaska Native organizations''.
  Page 197, after line 8, insert the following:
  ``(d) Alaska Native Organizations.--With respect to an Alaska 
Native organization that desires to receive a grant under 
subsection (c), subsection (c) shall be applied--
          ``(1) by substituting `Alaska Native organization' 
        for `Indian tribe'; and
          ``(2) by substituting `Alaska Native children' for 
        `Indian children'.''.
  Page 198, line 16, strike ``or Indian tribes'' and insert ``, 
Indian tribes, or Alaska Native organizations''.
  Page 224, line 25, insert ``(including an Alaska Native 
organization)'' after ``organization''.
  Page 236, line 8, insert ``(including Alaska Native 
organizations)'' after ``organizations''.
  Page 236, line 10, insert ``(including Alaska Native 
organizations)'' after ``organizations''.
  Page 237, after line 8, insert the following new paragraph:
          ``(3) Alaska native organization.--The term ``Alaska 
        Native organization'' means a federally recognized 
        tribe, consortium of tribes, regional nonprofit Native 
        association, or another organization that--
                  ``(A) has or commits to acquire expertise in 
                the education of Alaska Natives; and
                  ``(B) has Alaska Natives in substantive and 
                policymaking positions within the 
                organization.''.
  Page 237, line 9, strike ``(3)'' and insert ``(4)''.
  Page 237, line 17, strike ``(4)'' and insert ``(5)''.
  Page 251, after line 8, insert the following new 
subparagraphs:
                  ``(F) representatives of public charter 
                school authorizers;
                  ``(G) public charter school leaders;''.
  Page 251, line 9, strike ``(F)'' and insert ``(H)''.
  Page 251, line 11, strike ``(G)'' and insert ``(I)''.
  Page 267, line 19, insert ``, including for teachers of civic 
education'' after ``teachers''.
  Page 268, line 21, strike ``and dual enrollment'' and insert 
``, dual enrollment, Advanced Placement, or International 
Baccalaureate''.
  Page 285, line 15, strike ``and dual enrollment'' and insert 
``, dual enrollment, Advanced Placement, or International 
Baccalaureate''.
  Page 317, beginning on line 11, strike ``From the amount 
reserved under section 3102(b)(1), the Secretary shall'' and 
insert ``The Secretary shall not use less than 50 percent of 
the amount reserved under section 3102(b)(1) to''.
  Page 320, line 7, strike ``both'' and insert ``more''.
  Page 320, after line 18, insert the following new paragraph:
          ``(3) The predevelopment costs required to assess 
        sites for purposes of paragraph (1) or (2) and which 
        are necessary to commence or continue the operation of 
        a charter school.''.
  Page 363, line 2, strike ``and''.
  Page 363, line 7, strike the period and insert ``; and''.
  Page 363, after line 7, insert the following:
          ``(11) an assurance that the State will support 
        projects from each of the categories listed in section 
        3204(b)(1)(D) in awarding subgrants to local 
        educational agencies.''.
  Page 366, line 6, insert ``including civic education,'' after 
``programs,''.
  Page 372, after line 23, insert the following new paragraph, 
and redesignate the succeeding paragraphs accordingly:
          (1) in subsection (a)(1)(C), by amending the matter 
        preceding clause (i) to read as follows:
                  ``(C) had an assessed value according to 
                original records (including facsimiles or other 
                reproductions of those records) documenting the 
                assessed value of such property (determined as 
                of the time or times when so acquired) prepared 
                by the local officials referred to in 
                subsection (b)(3) or, when such original 
                records are not available due to unintentional 
                destruction (such as natural disaster, fire, 
                flooding, pest infestation, or deterioration 
                due to age), other records, including Federal 
                agency records, local historical records, or 
                other records that the Secretary determines to 
                be appropriate and reliable, aggregating 10 
                percent or more of the assessed value of--''.
  Page 377, line 13, strike ``each of''.
  Page 377, line 14, strike ``2012, 2013, and 2014'' and insert 
``2012 and 2013''.
  Page 377, line 17, strike ``each of''.
  Page 377, beginning on line 17, strike ``2012, 2013, and 
2014'' and insert ``2012 and 2013''.
  Page 470, line 7, insert ``incentivize,'' after ``direct,''.
  Page 470, line 10, insert ``incentive,'' after 
``direction,''.
  Page 475, after line 19, insert the following new section:

``SEC. 5530. PROHIBITION ON REQUIRING STATE PARTICIPATION.

  ``Any State that opts out of receiving funds, or that has not 
been awarded funds, under one or more programs under this Act 
shall not be required to carry out any of the requirements of 
such program or programs, and nothing in this Act shall be 
construed to require a State to participate in any program 
under this Act.''.
                              ----------                              


2. An Amendment To Be Offered by Representative Young of Alaska or His 
                   Designee, Debatable for 10 Minutes

  Page 4, line 21, after the dollar amount insert ``(reduced by 
$195,399,345)''.

  Page 9, strike lines 2 and 3.

  Page 11, strike line 3.

  Page 11, strike lines 19 and 20.

  Page 194, strike line 1 and all that follows through page 
238, line 15.

  Page 487, strike lines 13 through 16 and insert the following 
(and amend the table of contents accordingly):

  TITLE VI--THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT'S TRUST RESPONSIBILITY TO AMERICAN 
          INDIAN, ALASKA NATIVE, AND NATIVE HAWAIIAN EDUCATION

SEC. 601. THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT'S TRUST RESPONSIBILITY TO AMERICAN 
                    INDIAN, ALASKA NATIVE, AND NATIVE HAWAIIAN 
                    EDUCATION.

  Title VI of the Act (20 U.S.C. 7301 et seq.) is amended to 
read as follows:

 ``TITLE VI--THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT'S TRUST RESPONSIBILITY TO AMERICAN 
          INDIAN, ALASKA NATIVE, AND NATIVE HAWAIIAN EDUCATION


                       ``Part A--Indian Education


``SEC. 6101. STATEMENT OF POLICY.

  ``It is the policy of the United States to fulfill the 
Federal Government's unique and continuing trust relationship 
with, and responsibility to, the Indian people for the 
education of Indian children. The Federal Government will 
continue to work with local educational agencies, Indian tribes 
and organizations, postsecondary institutions, and other 
entities toward the goal of ensuring that programs that serve 
Indian children are of the highest quality and provide for not 
only the basic elementary and secondary educational needs, but 
also the unique educational and culturally related academic 
needs of these children.

``SEC. 6102. PURPOSE.

  ``It is the purpose of this part to support the efforts of 
local educational agencies, Indian tribes and organizations, 
postsecondary institutions, and other entities--
          ``(1) to meet the unique educational and culturally 
        related academic needs of American Indian and Alaska 
        Native students, so that such students can meet State 
        student academic achievement standards.
          ``(2) to ensure that Indian and Alaskan Native 
        students gain knowledge and understanding of Native 
        communities, languages, tribal histories, traditions, 
        and cultures; and
          ``(3) to ensure that school leaders, teachers, and 
        other staff who serve Indian and Alaska Native students 
        have the ability to provide culturally appropriate and 
        effective instruction to such students.

       ``Subpart 1--Formula Grants to Local Educational Agencies


``SEC. 6111. PURPOSE.

  ``It is the purpose of this subpart to support the efforts of 
local educational agencies, Indian tribes and organizations, 
and other entities to improve the academic achievement of 
American Indian and Alaska Native students by providing for 
their unique cultural, language, and educational needs and 
ensuring that they are prepared to meet State academic 
standards.

``SEC. 6112. GRANTS TO LOCAL EDUCATIONAL AGENCIES AND TRIBES.

  ``(a) In General.--In accordance with this section and 
section 6113, the Secretary may make grants from allocations 
made under section 6113, to--
          ``(1) local educational agencies;
          ``(2) Indian tribes;
          ``(3) Indian organizations; and
          ``(4) Alaska Native Organizations
  ``(b) Local Educational Agencies.--
          ``(1) Enrollment requirements.--A local educational 
        agency shall be eligible for a grant under this subpart 
        for any fiscal year if the number of Indian children 
        eligible under section 6117 who were enrolled in the 
        schools of the agency, and to whom the agency provided 
        free public education, during the preceding fiscal 
        year--
                  ``(A) was at least 10; or
                  ``(B) constituted not less than 25 percent of 
                the total number of individuals enrolled in the 
                schools of such agency.
          ``(2) Exclusion.--The requirement of paragraph (1) 
        shall not apply in Alaska, California, or Oklahoma, or 
        with respect to any local educational agency located 
        on, or in proximity to, an Indian reservation.
  ``(c) Indian Tribes, Indian Organizations, Alaska Native 
Organizations, and Consortia.--
          ``(1) In general.--If a local educational agency that 
        is otherwise eligible for a grant under this subpart 
        does not establish a committee under section 6114(c)(4) 
        for such grant, an Indian tribe, Indian organization, 
        Alaska Native Organization, or consortium of such 
        entities that represents not less than 1/3 of the 
        eligible Indian or Alaska Native children who are 
        served by such local educational agency may apply for 
        such grant.
          ``(2) Special rule.--
                  ``(A) In general.--The Secretary shall treat 
                each Indian tribe, Indian organization, Alaska 
                Native Organization, or consortium of such 
                entities applying for a grant pursuant to 
                paragraph (1) as if such applicant were a local 
                educational agency for purposes of this 
                subpart.
                  ``(B) Exceptions.--Notwithstanding 
                subparagraph (A), such Indian tribe, Indian 
                organization, Alaska Native Organization, or 
                consortium of such entities shall not be 
                subject to the requirements of section 
                6114(c)(5), 6118(c), or 6119.
          ``(3) Eligibility.--If more than 1 applicant 
        qualifies to apply for a grant under paragraph (1), the 
        entity that represents the most eligible Indian and 
        Alaska Native children who are served by the local 
        educational agency shall be eligible to receive the 
        grant or the applicants may apply in consortium and 
        jointly operate a program.
  ``(d) Indian and Alaska Native Community-based 
Organizations.--
          ``(1) In general.--If no local educational agency 
        pursuant to subsection (b), and no Indian tribe, tribal 
        organization, Alaska Native Organization, or consortium 
        pursuant to subsection (c), applies for a grant under 
        this subpart, Indian and Alaska Native community-based 
        organizations serving the community of the local 
        educational agency may apply for the grant.
          ``(2) Applicability of special rule.--The Secretary 
        shall apply the special rule in subsection (c)(2) to a 
        community-based organization applying or receiving a 
        grant under paragraph (1) in the same manner as such 
        rule applies to an Indian tribe, Indian organization, 
        Alaska Native Organization, or consortium .
          ``(3) Definition of indian and alaska native 
        community-based organizations.--In this subsection, the 
        term `Indian and Alaska Native community-based 
        organizations' means any organizations that--
                  ``(A) are composed primarily of the family 
                members of Indian or Alaska Native students, 
                Indian or Alaska Native community members, 
                tribal government education officials, and 
                tribal members from a specific community;
                  ``(B) assist in the social, cultural, and 
                educational development of Indians or Alaska 
                Natives in such community;
                  ``(C) meet the unique cultural, language, and 
                academic needs of Indian or Alaska Native 
                students; and
                  ``(D) demonstrate organizational and 
                administrative capacity to effectively manage 
                the grant.

``SEC. 6113. AMOUNT OF GRANTS.

  ``(a) Amount of Grant Awards.--
          ``(1) In general.--Except as provided in subsection 
        (b) and paragraph (2), the Secretary shall allocate to 
        each local educational agency that has an approved 
        application under this subpart an amount equal to the 
        product of--
                  ``(A) the number of Indian children who are 
                eligible under section 6117 and served by such 
                agency; and
                  ``(B) the greater of--
                          ``(i) the average per pupil 
                        expenditure of the State in which such 
                        agency is located; or
                          ``(ii) 80 percent of the average per 
                        pupil expenditure of all the States.
          ``(2) Reduction.--The Secretary shall reduce the 
        amount of each allocation otherwise determined under 
        this section in accordance with subsection (e).
  ``(b) Minimum Grant.--
          ``(1) In general.--Notwithstanding subsection (e), an 
        entity that is eligible for a grant under section 6112, 
        and a school that is operated or supported by the 
        Bureau of Indian Education that is eligible for a grant 
        under subsection (d), that submits an application that 
        is approved by the Secretary, shall, subject to 
        appropriations, receive a grant under this subpart in 
        an amount that is not less than $3,000.
          ``(2) Consortia.--Local educational agencies may form 
        a consortium for the purpose of obtaining grants under 
        this subpart.
          ``(3) Increase.--The Secretary may increase the 
        minimum grant under paragraph (1) to not more than 
        $4,000 for all grantees if the Secretary determines 
        such increase is necessary to ensure the quality of the 
        programs provided.
  ``(c) Definition.--For the purpose of this section, the term 
average per pupil expenditure", used with respect to a State, 
means an amount equal to--
          ``(1) the sum of the aggregate current expenditures 
        of all the local educational agencies in the State, 
        plus any direct current expenditures by the State for 
        the operation of such agencies, without regard to the 
        sources of funds from which such local or State 
        expenditures were made, during the second fiscal year 
        preceding the fiscal year for which the computation is 
        made; divided by
          ``(2) the aggregate number of children who were 
        included in average daily attendance for whom such 
        agencies provided free public education during such 
        preceding fiscal year.
  ``(d) Schools Operated or Supported by the Bureau of Indian 
Education.--
          ``(1) In general.--Subject to subsection (e), in 
        addition to the grants awarded under subsection (a), 
        the Secretary shall allocate to the Secretary of the 
        Interior an amount equal to the product of--
                  ``(A) the total number of Indian children 
                enrolled in schools that are operated by--
                          ``(i) the Bureau of Indian Education; 
                        or
                          ``(ii) an Indian tribe, or an 
                        organization controlled or sanctioned 
                        by an Indian tribal government, for the 
                        children of that tribe under a contract 
                        with, or grant from, the Department of 
                        the Interior under the Indian Self-
                        Determination Act or the Tribally 
                        Controlled Schools Act of 1988; and
                  ``(B) the greater of--
                          ``(i) the average per pupil 
                        expenditure of the State in which the 
                        school is located; or
                          ``(ii) 80 percent of the average per 
                        pupil expenditure of all the States.
          ``(2) Special rule.--Any school described in 
        paragraph (1)(A) that wishes to receive an allocation 
        under this subpart shall submit an application in 
        accordance with section 6114, and shall otherwise be 
        treated as a local educational agency for the purpose 
        of this subpart, except that such school shall not be 
        subject to section 6114(c)(5), section 6118(c), or 
        section 6119.
  ``(e) Ratable Reductions.--If the sums appropriated for any 
fiscal year to carry out this subpart are insufficient to pay 
in full the amounts determined for local educational agencies 
under subsection (a)(1) and for the Secretary of the Interior 
under subsection (d), each of those amounts shall be ratably 
reduced.

``SEC. 6114. APPLICATIONS.

  ``(a) Application Required.--Each local educational agency 
that desires to receive a grant under this subpart shall submit 
an application to the Secretary at such time, in such manner, 
and containing such information as the Secretary may reasonably 
require.
  ``(b) Comprehensive Program Required.--Each application 
submitted under subsection (a) shall include a description of a 
comprehensive program for meeting the needs of Indian and 
Alaska Native children served by the local educational agency, 
including the language and cultural needs of the children, 
that--
          ``(1) describes how the comprehensive program will 
        offer programs and activities to meet the culturally 
        related academic needs of American Indian and Alaska 
        Native students;
          ``(2)(A) is consistent with the State, tribal, and 
        local plans submitted under other provisions of this 
        Act; and
                  ``(B) includes academic content and student 
                academic achievement goals for such children, 
                and benchmarks for attaining such goals, that 
                are based on State academic content and student 
                academic achievement standards adopted under 
                title I for all children;
          ``(3) explains how the local educational agency will 
        use the funds made available under this subpart to 
        supplement other Federal, State, and local programs 
        that serve such students;
          ``(4) demonstrates how funds made available under 
        this subpart will be used for activities described in 
        section 6115;
          ``(5) describes the professional development 
        opportunities that will be provided, as needed, to 
        ensure that--
                  ``(A) teachers and other school professionals 
                who are new to the Indian or Alaska Native 
                community are prepared to work with Indian and 
                Alaska Native children;
                  ``(B) all teachers who will be involved in 
                programs assisted under this subpart have been 
                properly trained to carry out such programs; 
                and
                  ``(C) those family members of Indian and 
                Alaska Native children and representatives of 
                tribes who are on the committee described in 
                (c)(5) will participate in the planning of 
                professional development materials
          ``(6) describes how the local educational agency--
                  ``(A) will periodically assess the progress 
                of all Indian children enrolled in the schools 
                of the local educational agency, including 
                Indian children who do not participate in 
                programs assisted under this subpart, in 
                meeting the goals described in paragraph (2);
                  ``(B) will provide the results of each 
                assessment referred to in subparagraph (A) to--
                          ``(i) the committee described in 
                        subsection (c)(5); and
                          ``(ii) the community served by the 
                        local educational agency; and
                          ``(iii) the tribes whose children are 
                        served by the local educational agency
                  ``(C) is responding to findings of any 
                previous assessments that are similar to the 
                assessments described in subparagraph (A); and
          ``(7) explicitly delineates--
                  ``(A) a formal, collaborative process that 
                the local educational agency used to directly 
                involve tribes, Indian organizations, or Alaska 
                Native Organizations in the development of the 
                comprehensive programs and the results of such 
                process; and
                  ``(B) how the local educational agency plans 
                to ensure that tribes, Indian organizations, or 
                Alaska Native Organizations will play an 
                active, meaningful, and ongoing role in the 
                functioning of the comprehensive programs.
  ``(c) Assurances.--Each application submitted under 
subsection (a) shall include assurances that--
          ``(1) the local educational agency will use funds 
        received under this subpart only to supplement the 
        funds that, in the absence of the Federal funds made 
        available under this subpart, such agency would make 
        available for services described in this subsection, 
        and not to supplant such funds;
          ``(2) the local educational agency will use funds 
        received under this subpart only for activities 
        described and authorized under this subpart;
          ``(3) the local educational agency will prepare and 
        submit to the Secretary such reports, in such form and 
        containing such information, as the Secretary may 
        require to--
                  ``(A) carry out the functions of the 
                Secretary under this subpart; and
                  ``(B) determine the extent to which 
                activities carried out with funds provided to 
                the local educational agency under this subpart 
                are effective in improving the educational 
                achievement of Indian and Alaska Native 
                students served by such agency; and
                  ``(C) determine the extent to which such 
                activities address the unique cultural, 
                language, and educational needs of Indian 
                students.
          ``(4) the program for which assistance is sought--
                  ``(A) is based on a comprehensive local 
                assessment and prioritization of the unique 
                educational and culturally related academic 
                needs of the American Indian and Alaska Native 
                students for whom the local educational agency 
                is providing an education;
                  ``(B) will use the best available talents and 
                resources, including individuals from the 
                Indian or Alaska Native community; and
                  ``(C) was developed by such agency in open 
                consultation with the families of Indian or 
                Alaska Native children, Indian or Alaska Native 
                teachers, Indian or Alaska Native students from 
                secondary schools, and representatives of 
                tribes, Indian organizations, or Alaska Native 
                Organizations in the community including 
                through public hearings held by such agency to 
                provide to the individuals described in this 
                subparagraph a full opportunity to understand 
                the program and to offer recommendations 
                regarding the program; and
          ``(5) the local educational agency developed the 
        program with the participation and written approval of 
        a committee--
                  ``(A) that is composed of, and selected by--
                          ``(i) family members of Indian and 
                        Alaska Native children that are 
                        attending the local educational 
                        agency's schools;
                          ``(ii) teachers in the schools; and
                          ``(iii) Indian and Alaska Native 
                        students attending secondary schools of 
                        the agency;
                  ``(B) a majority of whose members are family 
                members of Indian and Alaska Native children 
                that are attending the local educational 
                agency's schools;
                  ``(C) that has set forth such policies and 
                procedures, including policies and procedures 
                relating to the hiring of personnel, as will 
                ensure that the program for which assistance is 
                sought will be operated and evaluated in 
                consultation with, and with the involvement of, 
                parents of the children, and representatives of 
                the area, to be served;
                  ``(D) with respect to an application 
                describing a schoolwide program in accordance 
                with section 6115(c), that has--
                          ``(i) reviewed in a timely fashion 
                        the program; and
                          ``(ii) determined that the program 
                        will not diminish the availability of 
                        culturally related activities for 
                        American Indian and Alaska Native 
                        students; and
                          ``(iii) will directly enhance the 
                        educational experience of American 
                        Indian and Alaska Native students; and
                  ``(E) that has adopted reasonable bylaws for 
                the conduct of the activities of the committee 
                and abides by such bylaws.
          ``(6) the local educational agency conducted adequate 
        outreach to family members to meet the requirements 
        under subsection (c)(5).

``SEC. 6115. AUTHORIZED SERVICES AND ACTIVITIES.

  ``(a) General Requirements.--Each local educational agency 
that receives a grant under this subpart shall use the grant 
funds, in a manner consistent with the purpose specified in 
section 6111, for services and activities that--
          ``(1) are designed to carry out the comprehensive 
        program of the local educational agency for Indian 
        students, and described in the application of the local 
        educational agency submitted to the Secretary under 
        section 6114(a) solely for the services and activities 
        described in such application;
          ``(2) are designed with special regard for the 
        language and cultural needs of the Indian students; and
          ``(3) supplement and enrich the regular school 
        program of such agency.
  ``(b) Particular Activities.--The services and activities 
referred to in subsection (a) may include--
          ``(1) activities that support Native American 
        language immersion programs and Native American 
        language restoration programs, which may be taught by 
        traditional leaders;
          ``(2) culturally related activities that support the 
        program described in the application submitted by the 
        local educational agency;
          ``(3) early childhood and family programs that 
        emphasize school readiness;
          ``(4) enrichment programs that focus on problem 
        solving and cognitive skills development and directly 
        support the attainment of challenging State academic 
        content and student academic achievement standards;
          ``(5) integrated educational services in combination 
        with other programs including programs that enhance 
        student achievement by promoting increased involvement 
        of parents and families in school activities;
          ``(6) career preparation activities to enable Indian 
        students to participate in programs such as the 
        programs supported by the Carl D. Perkins Career and 
        Technical Education Improvement Act of 2006, including 
        programs for tech-prep education, mentoring, and 
        apprenticeship;
          ``(7) activities to educate individuals so as to 
        prevent violence, suicide, and substance abuse;
          ``(8) the acquisition of equipment, but only if the 
        acquisition of the equipment is essential to achieve 
        the purpose described in section 6111;
          ``(9) activities that promote the incorporation of 
        culturally responsive teaching and learning strategies 
        into the educational program of the local educational 
        agency;
          ``(10) activities that incorporate culturally and 
        linguistically relevant curriculum content into 
        classroom instruction that is responsive to the unique 
        learning styles of Indian and Alaska Native children 
        and ensures that children are better able to meet State 
        standards;;
          ``(11) family literacy services;
          ``(12) activities that recognize and support the 
        unique cultural and educational needs of Indian 
        children, and incorporate appropriately qualified 
        tribal elders and seniors;
          ``(13) dropout prevention strategies for Indian and 
        Alaska Native students; and
          ``(14) strategies to meet the educational needs of 
        at-risk Indian students in correctional facilities, 
        including such strategies that support Indian and 
        Alaska Native students who are transitioning from such 
        facilities to schools served by local educational 
        agencies;
  ``(c) Schoolwide Programs.--Notwithstanding any other 
provision of law, a local educational agency may use funds made 
available to such agency under this subpart to support a 
schoolwide program under section 1114 if--
          ``(1) the committee established pursuant to section 
        6114(c)(5) approves the use of the funds for the 
        schoolwide program;
          ``(2) the schoolwide program is consistent with the 
        purpose described in section 6111; and
          ``(3) the local educational agency identifies in its 
        application how the use of such funds in a schoolwide 
        program will produce benefits to the American Indian 
        and Alaska Native students that would not be achieved 
        if the funds were not used in a schoolwide program.
  ``(d) Limitation on Administrative Costs.--Not more than 5 
percent of the funds provided to a grantee under this subpart 
for any fiscal year may be used for administrative purposes.
  ``(e) Limitation on the Use of Funds.--Funds provided to a 
grantee under this subpart may not be used for long-distance 
travel expenses for training activities available locally or 
regionally.

``SEC. 6116. INTEGRATION OF SERVICES AUTHORIZED.

  ``(a) Plan.--An entity receiving funds under this subpart may 
submit a plan to the Secretary for the integration of education 
and related services provided to Indian students.
  ``(b) Consolidation of Programs.--Upon the receipt of an 
acceptable plan under subsection (a), the Secretary, in 
cooperation with each Federal agency providing grants for the 
provision of education and related services to the entity, 
shall authorize the entity to consolidate, in accordance with 
such plan, the federally funded education and related services 
programs of the entity and the Federal programs, or portions of 
the programs, serving Indian students in a manner that 
integrates the program services involved into a single, 
coordinated, comprehensive program and reduces administrative 
costs by consolidating administrative functions.
  ``(c) Programs Affected.--The funds that may be consolidated 
in a demonstration project under any such plan referred to in 
subsection (a) shall include funds for any Federal program 
exclusively serving Indian children, or the funds reserved 
under any Federal program to exclusively serve Indian children, 
under which the entity is eligible for receipt of funds under a 
statutory or administrative formula for the purposes of 
providing education and related services that would be used to 
serve Indian students.
  ``(d) Plan Requirements.--For a plan to be acceptable 
pursuant to subsection (b), the plan shall--
          ``(1) identify the programs or funding sources to be 
        consolidated;
          ``(2) be consistent with the objectives of this 
        section concerning authorizing the services to be 
        integrated in a demonstration project;
          ``(3) describe a comprehensive strategy that 
        identifies the full range of potential educational 
        opportunities and related services to be provided to 
        assist Indian students to achieve the objectives set 
        forth in this subpart;
          ``(4) describe the way in which services are to be 
        integrated and delivered and the results expected from 
        the plan;
          ``(5) identify the projected expenditures under the 
        plan in a single budget;
          ``(6) identify the State, tribal, or local agency or 
        agencies to be involved in the delivery of the services 
        integrated under the plan;
          ``(7) identify any statutory provisions, regulations, 
        policies, or procedures that the entity believes need 
        to be waived in order to implement the plan;
          ``(8) set forth measures for academic content and 
        student academic achievement goals designed to be met 
        within a specific period of time; and
          ``(9) be approved by a committee formed in accordance 
        with section 6114(c)(5), if such a committee exists.
  ``(e) Plan Review.--Upon receipt of the plan from an eligible 
entity, the Secretary shall consult with the Secretary of each 
Federal department providing funds to be used to implement the 
plan, and with the entity submitting the plan. The parties so 
consulting shall identify any waivers of statutory requirements 
or of Federal departmental regulations, policies, or procedures 
necessary to enable the entity to implement the plan. 
Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the Secretary of 
the affected department shall have the authority to waive any 
regulation, policy, or procedure promulgated by that department 
that has been so identified by the entity or department, unless 
the Secretary of the affected department determines that such a 
waiver is inconsistent with the objectives of this subpart or 
those provisions of the statute from which the program involved 
derives authority that are specifically applicable to Indian 
students.
  ``(f) Plan Approval.--Within 90 days after the receipt of an 
entity's plan by the Secretary, the Secretary shall inform the 
entity, in writing, of the Secretary's approval or disapproval 
of the plan. If the plan is disapproved, the entity shall be 
informed, in writing, of the reasons for the disapproval and 
shall be given an opportunity to amend the plan or to petition 
the Secretary to reconsider such disapproval.
  ``(g) Responsibilities of Department of Education.--Not later 
than 180 days after the date of enactment of the Student 
Success Act of 2013, the Secretary of Education, the Secretary 
of the Interior, the Secretary of the Department of Health and 
Human Services, and the head of any other Federal department or 
agency identified by the Secretary of Education, shall enter 
into an interdepartmental memorandum of agreement providing for 
the implementation and coordination of the demonstration 
projects authorized under this section. The lead agency head 
for a demonstration project under this section shall be--
          ``(1) the Secretary of the Interior, in the case of 
        an entity meeting the definition of a contract or grant 
        school under title XI of the Education Amendments of 
        1978; or
          ``(2) the Secretary of Education, in the case of any 
        other entity.
  ``(h) Responsibilities of Lead Agency.--The responsibilities 
of the lead agency shall include--
          ``(1) the use of a single report format related to 
        the plan for the individual project, which shall be 
        used by an eligible entity to report on the activities 
        undertaken under the project;
          ``(2) the use of a single report format related to 
        the projected expenditures for the individual project 
        which shall be used by an eligible entity to report on 
        all project expenditures;
          ``(3) the development of a single system of Federal 
        oversight for the project, which shall be implemented 
        by the lead agency; and
          ``(4) the provision of technical assistance to an 
        eligible entity appropriate to the project, except that 
        an eligible entity shall have the authority to accept 
        or reject the plan for providing such technical 
        assistance and the technical assistance provider.
  ``(i) Report Requirements.--A single report format shall be 
developed by the Secretary, consistent with the requirements of 
this section. Such report format shall require that reports 
described in subsection (h), together with records maintained 
on the consolidated program at the local level, shall contain 
such information as will allow a determination that the 
eligible entity has complied with the requirements incorporated 
in its approved plan, including making a demonstration of 
student academic achievement, and will provide assurances to 
each Secretary that the eligible entity has complied with all 
directly applicable statutory requirements and with those 
directly applicable regulatory requirements that have not been 
waived.
  ``(j) No Reduction in Amounts.--In no case shall the amount 
of Federal funds available to an eligible entity involved in 
any demonstration project be reduced as a result of the 
enactment of this section.
  ``(k) Interagency Fund Transfers Authorized.--The Secretary 
is authorized to take such action as may be necessary to 
provide for an interagency transfer of funds otherwise 
available to an eligible entity in order to further the 
objectives of this section.
  ``(l) Administration of Funds.--
          ``(1) In general.--Program funds for the consolidated 
        programs shall be administered in such a manner as to 
        allow for a determination that funds from a specific 
        program are spent on allowable activities authorized 
        under such program, except that the eligible entity 
        shall determine the proportion of the funds granted 
        that shall be allocated to such program.
          ``(2) Separate records not required.--Nothing in this 
        section shall be construed as requiring the eligible 
        entity to maintain separate records tracing any 
        services or activities conducted under the approved 
        plan to the individual programs under which funds were 
        authorized for the services or activities, nor shall 
        the eligible entity be required to allocate 
        expenditures among such individual programs.
  ``(m) Overage.--The eligible entity may commingle all 
administrative funds from the consolidated programs and shall 
be entitled to the full amount of such funds (under each 
program's or agency's regulations). The overage (defined as the 
difference between the amount of the commingled funds and the 
actual administrative cost of the programs) shall be considered 
to be properly spent for Federal audit purposes, if the overage 
is used for the purposes provided for under this section.
  ``(n) Fiscal Accountability.--Nothing in this part shall be 
construed so as to interfere with the ability of the Secretary 
or the lead agency to fulfill the responsibilities for the 
safeguarding of Federal funds pursuant to chapter 75 of title 
31, United States Code.
  ``(o) Report on Statutory Obstacles to Program Integration.--
          ``(1) Preliminary report.--Not later than 2 years 
        after the date of enactment of the Student Success Act 
        of 2013, the Secretary of Education shall submit a 
        preliminary report to the Committee on Education and 
        the Workforce and the Committee on Natural Resources of 
        the House of Representatives. and the Committee on 
        Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions and the 
        Committee on Indian Affairs of the Senate on the status 
        of the implementation of the demonstration projects 
        authorized under this section.
          ``(2) Final report.--Not later than 5 years after the 
        date of enactment of the Student Success Act of 2013, 
        the Secretary of Education shall submit a report to the 
        Committee on Education and the Workforce and the 
        Committee on Natural Resources of the House of 
        Representatives and the Committee on Health, Education, 
        Labor, and Pensions and the Committee on Indian Affairs 
        of the Senate on the results of the implementation of 
        the demonstration projects authorized under this 
        section. Such report shall identify statutory barriers 
        to the ability of participants to integrate more 
        effectively their education and related services to 
        Indian students in a manner consistent with the 
        objectives of this section.
  ``(p) Definitions.--For the purposes of this section, the 
term Secretary" means--
          ``(1) the Secretary of the Interior, in the case of 
        an entity meeting the definition of a contract or grant 
        school under title XI of the Education Amendments of 
        1978; or
          ``(2) the Secretary of Education, in the case of any 
        other entity.

``SEC. 6117. STUDENT ELIGIBILITY FORMS.

  ``(a) In General.--The Secretary shall require that, as part 
of an application for a grant under this subpart, each 
applicant shall maintain a file, with respect to each Indian 
child for whom the local educational agency provides a free 
public education, that contains a form that sets forth 
information establishing the status of the child as an Indian 
child eligible for assistance under this subpart, and that 
otherwise meets the requirements of subsection (b).
  ``(b) Forms.--The form described in subsection (a) shall 
include--
          ``(1) either--
                  ``(A)(i) the name of the tribe or band of 
                Indians (as defined in section 6151) with 
                respect to which the child claims membership;
                  ``(ii) the enrollment or membership number 
                establishing the membership of the child (if 
                readily available); and
                  ``(iii) the name and address of the 
                organization that maintains updated and 
                accurate membership data for such tribe or band 
                of Indians; or
                  ``(B) the name, the enrollment or membership 
                number (if readily available), and the name and 
                address of the organization responsible for 
                maintaining updated and accurate membership 
                data, of any parent or grandparent of the child 
                from whom the child claims eligibility under 
                this subpart, if the child is not a member of 
                the tribe or band of Indians (as so defined);
          ``(2) a statement of whether the tribe or band of 
        Indians (as so defined), with respect to which the 
        child, or parent or grandparent of the child, claims 
        membership, is federally recognized;
          ``(3) the name and address of the parent or legal 
        guardian of the child;
          ``(4) a signature of the parent or legal guardian of 
        the child that verifies the accuracy of the information 
        supplied; and
          ``(5) any other information that the Secretary 
        considers necessary to provide an accurate program 
        profile.
  ``(c) Statutory Construction.--Nothing in this section shall 
be construed to affect a definition contained in section 6151.
  ``(d) Documentation and Types of Proof.--
          ``(1) Types of proof.--For purposes of determining 
        whether a child is eligible to be counted for the 
        purpose of computing the amount of a grant award under 
        section 6113, the membership of the child, or any 
        parent or grandparent of the child, in a tribe or band 
        of Indians (as so defined) may be established by proof 
        other than an enrollment number, notwithstanding the 
        availability of an enrollment number for a member of 
        such tribe or band. Nothing in subsection (b) shall be 
        construed to require the furnishing of an enrollment 
        number.
          ``(2) No new or duplicative determinations.--Once a 
        child is determined to be an Indian eligible to be 
        counted for such grant award, the local education 
        agency shall maintain a record of such determination 
        and shall not require a new or duplicate determination 
        to be made for such child for a subsequent application 
        for a grant under this subpart.
          ``(3) Previously filed forms.--An Indian student 
        eligibility form that was on file as required by this 
        section on the day before the date of enactment of the 
        Student Success Act of 2013 and that met the 
        requirements of this section, as this section was in 
        effect on the day before the date of enactment of such 
        Act, shall remain valid for such Indian student.
  ``(e) Monitoring and Evaluation Review.--
          ``(1) In general.--
                  ``(A) Review.--For each fiscal year, in order 
                to provide such information as is necessary to 
                carry out the responsibility of the Secretary 
                to provide technical assistance under this 
                subpart, the Secretary shall conduct a 
                monitoring and evaluation review of a sampling 
                of the recipients of grants under this subpart. 
                The sampling conducted under this subparagraph 
                shall take into account the size of and the 
                geographic location of each local educational 
                agency.
                  ``(B) Exception.--A local educational agency 
                may not be held liable to the United States or 
                be subject to any penalty, by reason of the 
                findings of an audit that relates to the date 
                of completion, or the date of submission, of 
                any forms used to establish, before April 28, 
                1988, the eligibility of a child for an 
                entitlement under the Indian Elementary and 
                Secondary School Assistance Act.
          ``(2) False information.--Any local educational 
        agency that provides false information in an 
        application for a grant under this subpart shall--
                  ``(A) be ineligible to apply for any other 
                grant under this subpart; and
                  ``(B) be liable to the United States for any 
                funds from the grant that have not been 
                expended.
          ``(3) Excluded children.--A student who provides 
        false information for the form required under 
        subsection (a) shall not be counted for the purpose of 
        computing the amount of a grant under section 6113.
  ``(f) Tribal Grant and Contract Schools.--Notwithstanding any 
other provision of this section, in calculating the amount of a 
grant under this subpart to a tribal school that receives a 
grant or contract from the Bureau of Indian Education, the 
Secretary shall use only one of the following, as selected by 
the school:
          ``(1) A count of the number of students in the 
        schools certified by the Bureau.
          ``(2) A count of the number of students for whom the 
        school has eligibility forms that comply with this 
        section.
  ``(g) Timing of Child Counts.--For purposes of determining 
the number of children to be counted in calculating the amount 
of a local educational agency's grant under this subpart (other 
than in the case described in subsection (f)(1)), the local 
educational agency shall--
          ``(1) establish a date on, or a period not longer 
        than 31 consecutive days during, which the agency 
        counts those children, if that date or period occurs 
        before the deadline established by the Secretary for 
        submitting an application under section 6114; and
          ``(2) determine that each such child was enrolled, 
        and receiving a free public education, in a school of 
        the agency on that date or during that period, as the 
        case may be.

``SEC. 6118. PAYMENTS.

  ``(a) In General.--Subject to subsections (b) and (c), the 
Secretary shall pay to each local educational agency that 
submits an application that is approved by the Secretary under 
this subpart the amount determined under section 6113. The 
Secretary shall notify the local educational agency of the 
amount of the payment not later than June 1 of the year for 
which the Secretary makes the payment.
  ``(b) Payments Taken Into Account by the State.--The 
Secretary may not make a grant under this subpart to a local 
educational agency for a fiscal year if, for such fiscal year, 
the State in which the local educational agency is located 
takes into consideration payments made under this chapter in 
determining the eligibility of the local educational agency for 
State aid, or the amount of the State aid, with respect to the 
free public education of children during such fiscal year or 
the preceding fiscal year.
  ``(c) Reduction of Payment for Failure to Maintain Fiscal 
Effort.--
          ``(1) In general.--The Secretary may not pay a local 
        educational agency the full amount of a grant award 
        determined under section 6113 for any fiscal year 
        unless the State educational agency notifies the 
        Secretary, and the Secretary determines, that with 
        respect to the provision of free public education by 
        the local educational agency for the preceding fiscal 
        year, the combined fiscal effort of the local 
        educational agency and the State, computed on either a 
        per student or aggregate expenditure basis, was not 
        less than 90 percent of the amount of the combined 
        fiscal effort, computed on the same basis, for the 
        second preceding fiscal year.
          ``(2) Failure to maintain effort.--If, for the 
        preceding fiscal year, the Secretary determines that a 
        local educational agency and State failed to maintain 
        the combined fiscal effort for such agency at the level 
        specified in paragraph (1), the Secretary shall--
                  ``(A) reduce the amount of the grant that 
                would otherwise be made to such agency under 
                this subpart in the exact proportion of the 
                failure to maintain the fiscal effort at such 
                level; and
                  ``(B) not use the reduced amount of the 
                agency and State expenditures for the preceding 
                year to determine compliance with paragraph (1) 
                for any succeeding fiscal year, but shall use 
                the amount of expenditures that would have been 
                required to comply with paragraph (1).
          ``(3) Waiver.--
                  ``(A) In general.--The Secretary may waive 
                the requirement of paragraph (1) for a local 
                educational agency, for not more than 1 year at 
                a time, if the Secretary determines that the 
                failure to comply with such requirement is due 
                to exceptional or uncontrollable circumstances, 
                such as a natural disaster or a precipitous and 
                unforeseen decline in the agency's financial 
                resources.
                  ``(B) Future determinations.--The Secretary 
                shall not use the reduced amount of the 
                agency's expenditures for the fiscal year 
                preceding the fiscal year for which a waiver is 
                granted to determine compliance with paragraph 
                (1) for any succeeding fiscal year, but shall 
                use the amount of expenditures that would have 
                been required to comply with paragraph (1) in 
                the absence of the waiver.
  ``(d) Reallocations.--The Secretary may reallocate, in a 
manner that the Secretary determines will best carry out the 
purpose of this subpart, any amounts that--
          ``(1) based on estimates made by local educational 
        agencies or other information, the Secretary determines 
        will not be needed by such agencies to carry out 
        approved programs under this subpart; or
          ``(2) otherwise become available for reallocation 
        under this subpart.

``SEC. 6119. STATE EDUCATIONAL AGENCY REVIEW.

  ``Before submitting an application to the Secretary under 
section 6114, a local educational agency shall submit the 
application to the State educational agency, which may comment 
on such application. If the State educational agency comments 
on the application, the agency shall comment on all 
applications submitted by local educational agencies in the 
State and shall provide those comments to the respective local 
educational agencies, with an opportunity to respond.

   ``Subpart 2--Special Programs and Projects To Improve Educational 
              Opportunities for Indian Children and Youth


``SEC. 6121. SPECIAL PROGRAMS AND PROJECTS TO IMPROVE EDUCATIONAL 
                    OPPORTUNITIES FOR INDIAN CHILDREN AND YOUTH.

  ``(a) Purpose.--
          ``(1) In general.--It is the purpose of this section 
        to support projects to develop, test, and demonstrate 
        the effectiveness of services and programs to improve 
        educational opportunities and achievement of Indian 
        children and youth.
          ``(2) Coordination.--The Secretary shall take the 
        necessary actions to achieve the coordination of 
        activities assisted under this subpart with--
                  ``(A) other programs funded under this Act; 
                and
                  ``(B) other Federal programs operated for the 
                benefit of American Indian and Alaska Native 
                children and youth.
  ``(b) Eligible Entities.--In this section, the term eligible 
entity" means a State educational agency, local educational 
agency, Indian tribe, Indian organization, federally supported 
elementary school or secondary school for Indian students, 
Indian institution (including an Indian institution of higher 
education), Alaska Native Organization, or a consortium of such 
entities.
  ``(c) Grants Authorized.--
          ``(1) In general.--The Secretary shall award grants 
        to eligible entities to enable such entities to carry 
        out activities that meet the purpose of this section, 
        including--
                  ``(A) innovative programs related to the 
                educational needs of educationally 
                disadvantaged children and youth;
                  ``(B) educational services that are not 
                available to such children and youth in 
                sufficient quantity or quality, including 
                remedial instruction, to raise the achievement 
                of Indian and Alaska Native children in one or 
                more of the core academic subjects of English, 
                mathematics, science, foreign languages, art, 
                history, and geography;
                  ``(C) bilingual and bicultural programs and 
                projects;
                  ``(D) special health and nutrition services, 
                and other related activities, that address the 
                special health, social, emotional, and 
                psychological problems of Indian children;
                  ``(E) special compensatory and other programs 
                and projects designed to assist and encourage 
                Indian children to enter, remain in, or reenter 
                school, and to increase the rate of high school 
                graduation for Indian children;
                  ``(F) comprehensive guidance, counseling, and 
                testing services;
                  ``(G) high quality early childhood education 
                programs that are effective in preparing young 
                children to make sufficient academic growth by 
                the end of grade 3, including kindergarten and 
                pre-kindergarten programs, family-based 
                preschool programs that emphasize school 
                readiness, screening and referral, and the 
                provision of services to Indian children and 
                youth with disabilities;
                  ``(H) partnership projects between local 
                educational agencies and institutions of higher 
                education that allow secondary school students 
                to enroll in courses at the postsecondary level 
                to aid such students in the transition from 
                secondary to postsecondary education;
                  ``(I) partnership projects between schools 
                and local businesses for career preparation 
                programs designed to provide Indian youth with 
                the knowledge and skills such youth need to 
                make an effective transition from school to a 
                high-skill, high-wage career;
                  ``(J) programs designed to encourage and 
                assist Indian students to work toward, and gain 
                entrance into, an institution of higher 
                education;
                  ``(K) family literacy services;
                  ``(L) activities that recognize and support 
                the unique cultural and educational needs of 
                Indian children, and incorporate appropriately 
                qualified tribal elders and seniors; or
                  ``(M) high quality professional development 
                of teaching professionals and 
                paraprofessionals; or
                  ``(N) other services that meet the purpose 
                described in this section.
  ``(d) Grant Requirements and Applications.--
          ``(1) Grant requirements.--
                  ``(A) In general.--The Secretary may make 
                multiyear grants under subsection (c) for the 
                planning, development, pilot operation, or 
                demonstration of any activity described in 
                subsection (c) for a period not to exceed 5 
                years.
                  ``(B) Priority.--In making multiyear grants 
                described in this paragraph, the Secretary 
                shall give priority to entities submitting 
                applications that present a plan for combining 
                two or more of the activities described in 
                subsection (c) over a period of more than 1 
                year.
                  ``(C) Progress.--The Secretary shall make a 
                grant payment for a grant described in this 
                paragraph to an eligible entity after the 
                initial year of the multiyear grant only if the 
                Secretary determines that the eligible entity 
                has made substantial progress in carrying out 
                the activities assisted under the grant in 
                accordance with the application submitted under 
                paragraph (3) and any subsequent modifications 
                to such application.
          ``(2) Dissemination grants.--
                  ``(A) In general.--In addition to awarding 
                the multiyear grants described in paragraph 
                (1), the Secretary may award grants under 
                subsection (c) to eligible entities for the 
                dissemination of exemplary materials or 
                programs assisted under this section.
                  ``(B) Determination.--The Secretary may award 
                a dissemination grant described in this 
                paragraph if, prior to awarding the grant, the 
                Secretary determines that the material or 
                program to be disseminated--
                          ``(i) has been adequately reviewed;
                          ``(ii) has demonstrated educational 
                        merit; and
                          ``(iii) can be replicated.
          ``(3) Application.--
                  ``(A) In general.--Any eligible entity that 
                desires to receive a grant under this section 
                shall submit an application to the Secretary at 
                such time and in such manner as the Secretary 
                may reasonably require.
                  ``(B) Contents.--Each application submitted 
                to the Secretary under subparagraph (A), other 
                than an application for a dissemination grant 
                under paragraph (2), shall contain--
                          ``(i) a description of how parents of 
                        Indian children and representatives of 
                        Indian tribes have been, and will be, 
                        involved in developing and implementing 
                        the activities for which assistance is 
                        sought;
                          ``(ii) assurances that the applicant 
                        will participate, at the request of the 
                        Secretary, in any national evaluation 
                        of activities assisted under this 
                        section;
                          ``(iii) information demonstrating 
                        that the proposed program for the 
                        activities is a scientifically based 
                        research program, where applicable, 
                        which may include a program that has 
                        been modified to be culturally 
                        appropriate for students who will be 
                        served;
                          ``(iv) a description of how the 
                        applicant will incorporate the proposed 
                        activities into the ongoing school 
                        program involved once the grant period 
                        is over; and
                          ``(v) such other assurances and 
                        information as the Secretary may 
                        reasonably require.
  ``(e) Administrative Costs.--Not more than 5 percent of the 
funds provided to a grantee under this subpart for any fiscal 
year may be used for administrative purposes.

``SEC. 6122. PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT FOR TEACHERS AND EDUCATION 
                    PROFESSIONALS.

  ``(a) Purposes.--The purposes of this section are--
          ``(1) to increase the number of qualified Indian and 
        Alaska Native teachers and administrators serving 
        Indian and Alaska Native students;
          ``(2) to provide training to qualified Indian and 
        Alaska Native individuals to become educators and 
        education support service professionals; and
          ``(3) to improve the skills of qualified Indian 
        individuals who serve in the capacities described in 
        paragraph (2).
  ``(b) Eligible Entities.--For the purpose of this section, 
the term eligible entity" means--
          ``(1) an institution of higher education, including 
        an Indian institution of higher education;
          ``(2) a State educational agency or local educational 
        agency, in consortium with an institution of higher 
        education;
          ``(3) an Indian tribe or organization, in consortium 
        with an institution of higher education; and
          ``(4) a Bureau-funded school (as defined in section 
        1146 of the Education Amendments of 1978).
  ``(c) Program Authorized.--The Secretary is authorized to 
award grants to eligible entities having applications approved 
under this section to enable those entities to carry out the 
activities described in subsection (d).
  ``(d) Authorized Activities.--
          ``(1) In general.--Grant funds under this section 
        shall be used for activities to provide support and 
        training for Indian individuals in a manner consistent 
        with the purposes of this section. Such activities may 
        include continuing programs, symposia, workshops, 
        conferences, and direct financial support, and may 
        include programs designed to train tribal elders and 
        seniors.
          ``(2) Special rules.--
                  ``(A) Type of training.--For education 
                personnel, the training received pursuant to a 
                grant under this section may be inservice or 
                preservice training.
                  ``(B) Program.--For individuals who are being 
                trained to enter any field other than teaching, 
                the training received pursuant to a grant under 
                this section shall be in a program that results 
                in a graduate degree.
  ``(e) Application.--Each eligible entity desiring a grant 
under this section shall submit an application to the Secretary 
at such time, in such manner, and accompanied by such 
information, as the Secretary may reasonably require. At a 
minimum
  ``(f) Special Rule.--In awarding grants under this section, 
the Secretary--
          ``(1) shall consider the prior performance of the 
        eligible entity; and
          ``(2) may not limit eligibility to receive a grant 
        under this section on the basis of--
                  ``(A) the number of previous grants the 
                Secretary has awarded such entity; or
                  ``(B) the length of any period during which 
                such entity received such grants.
  ``(g) Grant Period.--Each grant under this section shall be 
awarded for a period of not more than 5 years.
  ``(h) Service Obligation.--
          ``(1) In general.--The Secretary shall require, by 
        regulation, that an individual who receives training 
        pursuant to a grant made under this section--
                  ``(A) perform work--
                          ``(i) related to the training 
                        received under this section; and
                          ``(ii) that benefits Indian people; 
                        or
                  ``(B) repay all or a prorated part of the 
                assistance received.
          ``(2) Reporting.--The Secretary shall establish, by 
        regulation, a reporting procedure under which a grant 
        recipient under this section shall, not later than 12 
        months after the date of completion of the training, 
        and periodically thereafter, provide information 
        concerning compliance with the work requirement under 
        paragraph (1).

``SEC. 6123. TRIBAL EDUCATION AGENCIES COOPERATIVE AGREEMENTS.

  ``(a) Purpose.--Tribes may enter into written cooperative 
agreements with the State educational agency and the local 
educational agencies operating a school or schools within 
Indian lands. For purposes of this section, the term `Indian 
land' has the meaning given that term in section 8013.
  ``(b) Cooperative Agreement.--If requested by the Indian 
tribe, the State educational agency or the local educational 
agency may enter into a cooperative agreement with the Indian 
tribe. Such cooperative agreement--
          ``(1) may authorize the tribe or such tribe's 
        respective tribal education agency to plan, conduct, 
        consolidate, and administer programs, services, 
        functions, and activities, or portions thereof, 
        administered by the State educational agency or the 
        local educational agency;
          ``(2) may authorize the tribe or such tribe's 
        respective tribal education agency to reallocate funds 
        for such programs, services, functions, and activities, 
        or portions thereof as necessary; and
          ``(3) shall--
                  ``(A) only confer the tribe or such tribe's 
                respective tribal education agency with 
                responsibilities to conduct activities 
                described in paragraph (1) such that the burden 
                assumed by the tribe or the tribal education 
                agency for conducting such is commensurate with 
                the benefit that doing so conveys to all 
                parties of the agreement; and
                  ``(B) be based solely on terms of the written 
                agreement decided upon by the Indian tribe and 
                the State educational agency or local education 
                agency.
  ``(c) Disagreement.--Agreements shall only be valid if the 
Indian tribe and State educational agency or local educational 
agency agree fully in writing to all of the terms of the 
written cooperative agreement.
  ``(d) Compliance With Applicable Law.--Nothing in this 
section shall be construed to relieve any party to a 
cooperative agreement from complying with all applicable 
Federal, State, local laws. State and local educational 
agencies are still the ultimate responsible, liable parties for 
complying with all laws and funding requirements for any 
functions that are conveyed to tribes and tribal education 
agencies through the cooperative agreements.
  ``(e) Definition.--For the purposes of this subpart, the term 
`Indian Tribe' means any tribe or band that is officially 
recognized by the Secretary of the Interior.

                    ``Subpart 3--National Activities


``SEC. 6131. NATIONAL RESEARCH ACTIVITIES.

  ``(a) Authorized Activities.--The Secretary may use funds 
made available to carry out this subpart for each fiscal year 
to--
          ``(1) conduct research related to effective 
        approaches for improving the academic achievement and 
        development of Indian and Alaska Native children and 
        adults;
          ``(2) collect and analyze data on the educational 
        status and needs of Indian and Alaska Native students; 
        and
          ``(4) carry out other activities that are consistent 
        with the purpose of this part.
  ``(b) Eligibility.--The Secretary may carry out any of the 
activities described in subsection (a) directly or through 
grants to, or contracts or cooperative agreements with, Indian 
tribes, Indian organizations, State educational agencies, local 
educational agencies, institutions of higher education, 
including Indian institutions of higher education, and other 
public and private agencies and institutions.
  ``(c) Coordination.--Research activities supported under this 
section--
          ``(1) shall be coordinated with appropriate offices 
        within the Department; and
          ``(2) may include collaborative research activities 
        that are jointly funded and carried out by the Office 
        of Indian Education Programs, the Office of Educational 
        Research and Improvement, the Bureau of Indian 
        Education, and the Institute of Education Sciences.

``SEC. 6132. IMPROVEMENT OF ACADEMIC SUCCESS FOR STUDENTS THROUGH 
                    NATIVE AMERICAN LANGUAGE.

  ``(a) Purpose.--It is the purpose of this section to improve 
educational opportunities and academic achievement of Indian 
and Alaska Native students through Native American language 
programs and to foster the acquisition of Native American 
language.
  ``(b) Definition of Eligible Entity.--In this section, the 
term `eligible entity' means a State educational agency, local 
educational agency, Indian tribe, Indian organization, 
federally supported elementary school or secondary school for 
Indian students, Indian institution (including an Indian 
institution of higher education), or a consortium of such 
entities.
  ``(c) Grants Authorized.--The Secretary shall award grants to 
eligible entities to enable such entities to carry out the 
following activities:
          ``(1) Native American language programs that--
                  ``(A) provide instruction through the use of 
                a Native American language for not less than 10 
                children for an average of not less than 500 
                hours per year per student;
                  ``(B) provide for the involvement of parents, 
                caregivers, and families of students enrolled 
                in the program;
                  ``(C) utilize, and may include the 
                development of, instructional courses and 
                materials for learning Native American 
                languages and for instruction through the use 
                of Native American languages;
                  ``(D) provide support for professional 
                development activities; and
                  ``(E) include a goal of all students 
                achieving--
                          ``(i) fluency in a Native American 
                        language; and
                          ``(ii) academic proficiency in 
                        mathematics, English, reading or 
                        language arts, and science.
          ``(2) Native American language restoration programs 
        that--
                  ``(A) provide instruction in not less than 1 
                Native American language;
                  ``(B) provide support for professional 
                development activities for teachers of Native 
                American languages;
                  ``(C) develop instructional materials for the 
                programs; and
                  ``(D) include the goal of increasing 
                proficiency and fluency in not less than 1 
                Native American language.
  ``(d) Application.--
          ``(1) In general.--An eligible entity that desires to 
        receive a grant under this section shall submit an 
        application to the Secretary at such time, in such 
        manner, and accompanied by such information as the 
        Secretary may require.
          ``(2) Certification.--An eligible entity that submits 
        an application for a grant to carry out the activity 
        specified in subsection (c)(1), shall include in such 
        application a certification that assures that such 
        entity has experience and a demonstrated record of 
        effectiveness in operating and administering a Native 
        American language program or any other educational 
        program in which instruction is conducted in a Native 
        American language.
  ``(e) Grant Duration.--The Secretary shall make grants under 
this section only on a multi-year basis. Each such grant shall 
be for a period not to exceed 5 years.
  ``(f) Definition.--In this section, the term `average' means 
the aggregate number of hours of instruction through the use of 
a Native American language to all students enrolled in a Native 
American language program during a school year divided by the 
total number of students enrolled in the program.
  ``(g) Administrative Costs.--
          ``(1) In general.--Except as provided in paragraph 
        (2), not more than 5 percent of the funds provided to a 
        grantee under this section for any fiscal year may be 
        used for administrative purposes.
          ``(2) Exception.--An elementary school or secondary 
        school for Indian students that receives funds from a 
        recipient of a grant under subsection (c) for any 
        fiscal year may use not more than 10 percent of the 
        funds for administrative purposes.

``SEC. 6133. GRANTS TO TRIBES FOR EDUCATION ADMINISTRATIVE PLANNING AND 
                    DEVELOPMENT.

  ``(a) In General.--The Secretary may make grants to Indian 
tribes, and tribal organizations approved by Indian tribes, to 
plan and develop a centralized tribal administrative entity 
to--
          ``(1) coordinate all education programs operated by 
        the tribe or within the territorial jurisdiction of the 
        tribe;
          ``(2) develop education codes for schools within the 
        territorial jurisdiction of the tribe;
          ``(3) provide support services and technical 
        assistance to schools serving children of the tribe; 
        and
          ``(4) perform child-find screening services for the 
        preschool-aged children of the tribe to--
                  ``(A) ensure placement in appropriate 
                educational facilities; and
                  ``(B) coordinate the provision of any needed 
                special services for conditions such as 
                disabilities and English language skill 
                deficiencies.
  ``(b) Period of Grant.--Each grant awarded under this section 
may be awarded for a period of not more than 3 years. Such 
grant may be renewed upon the termination of the initial period 
of the grant if the grant recipient demonstrates to the 
satisfaction of the Secretary that renewing the grant for an 
additional 3-year period is necessary to carry out the 
objectives of the grant described in subsection (c)(2)(A).
  ``(c) Application for Grant.--
          ``(1) In general.--Each Indian tribe and tribal 
        organization desiring a grant under this section shall 
        submit an application to the Secretary at such time, in 
        such manner, containing such information, and 
        consistent with such criteria, as the Secretary may 
        prescribe in regulations.
          ``(2) Contents.--Each application described in 
        paragraph (1) shall contain--
                  ``(A) a statement describing the activities 
                to be conducted, and the objectives to be 
                achieved, under the grant; and
                  ``(B) a description of the method to be used 
                for evaluating the effectiveness of the 
                activities for which assistance is sought and 
                for determining whether such objectives are 
                achieved.
          ``(3) Approval.--The Secretary may approve an 
        application submitted by a tribe or tribal organization 
        pursuant to this section only if the Secretary is 
        satisfied that such application, including any 
        documentation submitted with the application--
                  ``(A) demonstrates that the applicant has 
                consulted with other education entities, if 
                any, within the territorial jurisdiction of the 
                applicant who will be affected by the 
                activities to be conducted under the grant;
                  ``(B) provides for consultation with such 
                other education entities in the operation and 
                evaluation of the activities conducted under 
                the grant; and
                  ``(C) demonstrates that there will be 
                adequate resources provided under this section 
                or from other sources to complete the 
                activities for which assistance is sought, 
                except that the availability of such other 
                resources shall not be a basis for disapproval 
                of such application.
  ``(d) Restriction.--A tribe may not receive funds under this 
section if such tribe receives funds under section 1144 of the 
Education Amendments of 1978.

                  ``Subpart 4--Federal Administration


``SEC. 6141. NATIONAL ADVISORY COUNCIL ON INDIAN EDUCATION.

  ``(a) Membership.--There is established a National Advisory 
Council on Indian Education (hereafter in this section referred 
to as the Council"), which shall--
          ``(1) consist of 15 Indian members, who shall be 
        appointed by the President from lists of nominees 
        furnished, from time to time, by Indian tribes and 
        organizations; and
          ``(2) represent different geographic areas of the 
        United States.
  ``(b) Duties.--The Council shall--
          ``(1) advise the Secretary concerning the funding and 
        administration (including the development of 
        regulations and administrative policies and practices) 
        of any program, including any program established under 
        this part--
                  ``(A) with respect to which the Secretary has 
                jurisdiction; and
                  ``(B)(i) that includes Indian children or 
                adults as participants; or
                  ``(ii) that may benefit Indian children or 
                adults;
          ``(2) make recommendations to the Secretary for 
        filling the position of Director of Indian Education 
        whenever a vacancy occurs; and
          ``(3) submit to Congress, not later than June 30 of 
        each year, a report on the activities of the Council, 
        including--
                  ``(A) any recommendations that the Council 
                considers appropriate for the improvement of 
                Federal education programs that include Indian 
                children or adults as participants, or that may 
                benefit Indian children or adults; and
                  ``(B) recommendations concerning the funding 
                of any program described in subparagraph (A).

``SEC. 6142. PEER REVIEW.

  ``The Secretary may use a peer review process to review 
applications submitted to the Secretary under subpart 2 or 
subpart 3.

``SEC. 6143. PREFERENCE FOR INDIAN APPLICANTS.

  ``In making grants and entering into contracts or cooperative 
agreements under subpart 2 or subpart 3, the Secretary shall 
give a preference to Indian tribes, organizations, and 
institutions of higher education under any program with respect 
to which Indian tribes, organizations, and institutions are 
eligible to apply for grants, contracts, or cooperative 
agreements.

``SEC. 6144. MINIMUM GRANT CRITERIA.

  ``The Secretary may not approve an application for a grant, 
contract, or cooperative agreement under subpart 2 or subpart 3 
unless the application is for a grant, contract, or cooperative 
agreement that is--
          ``(1) of sufficient size, scope, and quality to 
        achieve the purpose or objectives of such grant, 
        contract, or cooperative agreement; and
          ``(2) based on relevant research findings.

       ``Subpart 5--Definitions; Authorizations of Appropriations


``SEC. 6151. DEFINITIONS.

  ``For the purposes of this part:
          ``(1) Adult.--The term `adult' means an individual 
        who--
                  ``(A) has attained the age of 16 years; or
                  ``(B) has attained an age that is greater 
                than the age of compulsory school attendance 
                under an applicable State law.
          ``(2) Free public education.--The term `free public 
        education' means education that is--
                  ``(A) provided at public expense, under 
                public supervision and direction, and without 
                tuition charge; and
                  ``(B) provided as elementary or secondary 
                education in the applicable State or to 
                preschool children.
          ``(3) Indian.--The term `Indian' means an individual 
        who is--
                  ``(A) a member of an Indian tribe or band, as 
                membership is defined by the tribe or band, 
                including--
                          ``(i) any tribe or band terminated 
                        since 1940; and
                          ``(ii) any tribe or band recognized 
                        by the State in which the tribe or band 
                        resides;
                  ``(B) a descendant, in the first or second 
                degree, of an individual described in 
                subparagraph (A);
                  ``(C) considered by the Secretary of the 
                Interior to be an Indian for any purpose;
                  ``(D) an Alaska Native, as defined in section 
                6206(1); or
                  ``(E) a member of an organized Indian group 
                that received a grant under the Indian 
                Education Act of 1988 as in effect the day 
                preceding the date of enactment of the 
                Improving America's Schools Act of 1994.
          ``(4) Alaska native organization.--The term `Alaska 
        Native Organization' has the same meaning as defined in 
        section 6206(2).

``SEC. 6152. AUTHORIZATIONS OF APPROPRIATIONS.

  ``(a) Subpart 1.--For the purpose of carrying out subpart 1, 
there are authorized to be appropriated $98,245,425 for each of 
fiscal years 2014 through 2019.
  ``(b) Subparts 2 and 3.--For the purpose of carrying out 
subparts 2 and 3, there are authorized to be appropriated 
$33,303,534 for each of fiscal years 2014 through 2019.

                   ``Part B--Alaska Native Education


``SEC. 6201. SHORT TITLE.

  ``This part may be cited as the `Alaska Native Educational 
Equity, Support, and Assistance Act'.

``SEC. 6202. FINDINGS.

  ``Congress finds and declares the following:
          ``(1) The preservation of culture and language is 
        critical to the attainment of educational success, to 
        the betterment of the conditions, and to the long-term 
        well-being, of Alaska Natives. Alaska Native students 
        must be afforded a culturally relevant education.
          ``(2) It is the policy of the Federal Government to 
        maximize the leadership of and participation by Alaska 
        Natives in the planning and the management of Alaska 
        Native education programs and to support efforts 
        developed by and undertaken within the Alaska Native 
        community to improve educational opportunity for all 
        students.
          ``(3) Many Alaska Native children enter and exit 
        school with serious educational disadvantages.
          ``(4) Overcoming the magnitude of the geographic 
        challenges, historical inequities, and other barriers 
        to successfully improving educational outcomes for 
        Alaska Native students in rural, village, and urban 
        settings is challenging. Significant disparities 
        between academic achievement of Alaska Native students 
        and non-Native students continues, including lower 
        graduation rates, increased school dropout rates, and 
        lower achievement scores on standardized tests.
          ``(5) The preservation of Alaska Native cultures and 
        languages and the integration of Alaska Native cultures 
        and languages into education, positive identity 
        development for Alaska Native students, and local, 
        place-based, and culture-based programming are critical 
        to the attainment of educational success and the long-
        term well-being of Alaska Native students.
          ``(6) Improving educational outcomes for Alaska 
        Native students increases access to employment 
        opportunities.
          ``(7) The programs and activities authorized under 
        this part give priority to Alaska Native organizations 
        as a means of increasing Alaska Native parents' and 
        community involvement in the promotion of academic 
        success of Alaska Native students.
          ``(8) The Federal Government should lend support to 
        efforts developed by and undertaken within the Alaska 
        Native community to improve educational opportunity for 
        Alaska Native students. In 1983, pursuant to Public Law 
        98-63, Alaska ceased to receive educational funding 
        from the Bureau of Indian Affairs. The Bureau of Indian 
        Education does not operate any schools in Alaska, nor 
        operate or fund Alaska Native education programs. The 
        program under this part supports the Federal trust 
        responsibility of the United States to Alaska Natives.

``SEC. 6203. PURPOSES.

  ``The purposes of this part are as follows:
          ``(1) To recognize and address the unique educational 
        needs of Alaska Natives.
          ``(2) To recognize the role of Alaska Native 
        languages and cultures in the educational success and 
        long-term well-being of Alaska Native students.
          ``(3) To integrate Alaska Native cultures and 
        languages into education, develop Alaska Native 
        students' positive identity, and support local place-
        based and culture-based curriculum and programming.
          ``(4) To authorize the development, management, and 
        expansion of effective supplemental educational 
        programs to benefit Alaska Natives.
          ``(5) To provide direction and guidance to 
        appropriate Federal, State, and local agencies to focus 
        resources, including resources made available under 
        this part, on meeting the educational needs of Alaska 
        Natives.
          ``(6) To ensure the maximum participation by Alaska 
        Native educators and leaders in the planning, 
        development, management, and evaluation of programs 
        designed to serve Alaska Natives students, and to 
        ensure Alaska Native organizations play a meaningful 
        role in supplemental educational services provided to 
        Alaska Native students.

``SEC. 6204. PROGRAM AUTHORIZED.

  ``(a) General Authority.--
          ``(1) Grants and contracts.--The Secretary is 
        authorized to make grants to, or enter into contracts 
        with, Alaska Native organizations, State educational 
        agencies, local educational agencies, educational 
        entities with experience in developing or operating 
        Alaska Native educational programs or programs of 
        instruction conducted in Alaska Native languages, 
        cultural and community-based organizations with 
        experience in developing or operating programs to 
        benefit the educational needs of Alaska Natives, and 
        consortia of organizations and entities described in 
        this paragraph, to carry out programs that meet the 
        purposes of this part.
          ``(2) Additional requirement.--A State educational 
        agency, local educational agency, educational entity 
        with experience in developing or operating Alaska 
        Native educational programs or programs of instruction 
        conducted in Alaska Native languages, cultural and 
        community-based organization with experience in 
        developing or operating programs to benefit the 
        educational needs of Alaska Natives, or consortium of 
        such organizations and entities is eligible for an 
        award under this part only as part of a partnership 
        involving an Alaska Native organization.
          ``(3) Mandatory activities.--Activities provided 
        through the programs carried out under this part shall 
        include the following which shall only be provided 
        specifically in the context of elementary and secondary 
        education:
                  ``(A) The development and implementation of 
                plans, methods, and strategies to improve the 
                education of Alaska Natives.
                  ``(B) The collection of data to assist in the 
                evaluation of the programs carried out under 
                this part.
          ``(4) Permissible activities.--Activities provided 
        through programs carried out under this part may 
        include the following which shall only be provided 
        specifically in the context of elementary and secondary 
        education:
                  ``(A) The development of curricula and 
                programs that address the educational needs of 
                Alaska Native students, including the 
                following:
                          ``(i) Curriculum materials that 
                        reflect the cultural diversity, 
                        languages, history, or the 
                        contributions of Alaska Natives.
                          ``(ii) Instructional programs that 
                        make use of Alaska Native languages and 
                        cultures.
                          ``(iii) Networks that develop, test, 
                        and disseminate best practices and 
                        introduce successful programs, 
                        materials, and techniques to meet the 
                        educational needs of Alaska Native 
                        students in urban and rural schools.
                  ``(B) Training and professional development 
                activities for educators, including the 
                following:
                          ``(i) Pre-service and in-service 
                        training and professional development 
                        programs to prepare teachers to develop 
                        appreciation for and understanding of 
                        Alaska Native cultures, values, ways of 
                        knowing and learning in order to 
                        effectively address the cultural 
                        diversity and unique needs of Alaska 
                        Native students.
                          ``(ii) Recruitment and preparation of 
                        teachers who are Alaska Native.
                          ``(iii) Programs that will lead to 
                        the certification and licensing of 
                        Alaska Native teachers, principals, and 
                        superintendents.
                  ``(C) The development and operation of 
                student enrichment programs, including those in 
                science, technology, engineering, and 
                mathematics that--
                          ``(i) are designed to prepare Alaska 
                        Native students to excel in such 
                        subjects;
                          ``(ii) provide appropriate support 
                        services to the families of such 
                        students that are needed to enable such 
                        students to benefit from the programs; 
                        and
                          ``(iii) include activities that 
                        recognize and support the unique 
                        cultural and educational needs of 
                        Alaska Native children, and incorporate 
                        appropriately qualified Alaska Native 
                        elders and other tradition bearers.
                  ``(D) Research and data collection activities 
                to determine the educational status and needs 
                of Alaska Native children.
                  ``(E) Other research and evaluation 
                activities related to programs carried out 
                under this part.
                  ``(F) Remedial and enrichment programs to 
                assist Alaska Native students to be college or 
                career ready upon graduation from high school.
                  ``(G) Culturally based education programs 
                designed and provided by an entity with 
                demonstrated experience in--
                          ``(i) providing programs of study, 
                        both on site and in local schools, to 
                        share the rich and diverse cultures of 
                        Alaska Native peoples among youth, 
                        elders, teachers, and the larger 
                        community;
                          ``(ii) instructing Alaska Native 
                        youth in leadership, communication, 
                        Native culture, arts, and languages;
                          ``(iii) increasing the high school 
                        graduation rate of Alaska Native 
                        students who are served;
                          ``(iv) providing instruction in 
                        Alaska Native history and ways of 
                        living to students and teachers in the 
                        local school district;
                          ``(v) providing intergenerational 
                        learning and internship opportunities 
                        to Alaska Native youth and young 
                        adults; and
                          ``(vi) providing cultural immersion 
                        activities aimed at Alaska Native 
                        cultural preservation.
                  ``(H) Statewide on-site exchange programs, 
                for both students and teachers, that work to 
                facilitate cultural relationships between urban 
                and rural Alaskans to build mutual respect and 
                understanding, and foster a statewide sense of 
                common identity through host family, school, 
                and community cross-cultural immersion.
                  ``(I) Education programs for at-risk urban 
                Alaska Native students in kindergarten through 
                grade 12 that work to increase graduation rates 
                among such students and that--
                          ``(i) include culturally-informed 
                        curriculum intended to preserve and 
                        promote Alaska Native culture;
                          ``(ii) partner effectively with the 
                        local school district by providing a 
                        school-within-a school program model;
                          ``(iii) provide high-quality academic 
                        instruction, small classroom sizes, and 
                        social-emotional support for students 
                        from elementary school through high 
                        school, including residential support;
                          ``(iv) work with parents to increase 
                        parental involvement in their students' 
                        education;
                          ``(v) work to improve academic 
                        proficiency and increase graduation 
                        rates;
                          ``(vi) provide college preparation 
                        and career planning; and
                          ``(vii) incorporate a strong data 
                        collection and continuous evaluation 
                        component at all levels of the program.
                  ``(J) Statewide programs that provide 
                technical assistance and support to schools and 
                communities to engage adults in promoting the 
                academic progress and overall well-being of 
                Alaska Native people through child and youth 
                development, positive youth-adult 
                relationships, improved conditions for learning 
                (school climate, student connection to school 
                and community), and increased connections 
                between schools and families.
                  ``(K) Career preparation activities to enable 
                Alaska Native children and adults to prepare 
                for meaningful employment, including programs 
                providing tech-prep, mentoring, training, and 
                apprenticeship activities.
                  ``(L) Support for the development and 
                operational activities of regional vocational 
                schools in rural areas of Alaska to provide 
                students with necessary resources to prepare 
                for skilled employment opportunities.
                  ``(M) Other activities, consistent with the 
                purposes of this part, to meet the educational 
                needs of Alaska Native children and adults.
                  ``(N) Regional leadership academies that 
                demonstrate effectiveness in building respect, 
                understanding, and fostering a sense of Alaska 
                Native identity to promote their pursuit of and 
                success in completing higher education or 
                career training.
  ``(b) Limitation on Administrative Costs.--Not more than 5 
percent of funds provided to an award recipient under this part 
for any fiscal year may be used for administrative purposes.
  ``(c) Priorities.--In awarding grants or contracts to carry 
out activities described in this subpart, the Secretary shall 
give priority to applications from Alaska Native Organizations. 
Such priority shall be explicitly delineated in the Secretary's 
process for evaluating applications and applied consistently 
and transparently to all applications from Alaska Native 
Organizations.
  ``(d) Authorization of Appropriations.--There are authorized 
to be appropriated to carry out this part $31,453,135 for each 
of fiscal years 2014 through 2019.

``SEC. 6205. ADMINISTRATIVE PROVISIONS.

  ``(a) Application Required.--
          ``(1) In general.--No grant may be made under this 
        part, and no contract may be entered into under this 
        part, unless the Alaska Native organization or entity 
        seeking the grant or contract submits an application to 
        the Secretary in such form, in such manner, and 
        containing such information as the Secretary may 
        determine necessary to carry out the provisions of this 
        part.
          ``(2) Requirement for certain applicants.--An 
        applicant described in section 6204(a)(2) shall, in the 
        application submitted under this paragraph--
                  ``(A) demonstrate that an Alaska Native 
                organization was directly involved in the 
                development of the program for which the 
                application seeks funds and explicitly 
                delineate the meaningful role that the Alaska 
                Native organization will play in the 
                implementation and evaluation of the program 
                for which funding is sought; and
                  ``(B) provide a copy of the Alaska Native 
                organization's governing document.
  ``(b) Consultation Required.--Each applicant for an award 
under this part shall provide for ongoing advice from and 
consultation with representatives of the Alaska Native 
community.
  ``(c) Local Educational Agency Coordination.--Each applicant 
for an award under this part shall inform each local 
educational agency serving students who would participate in 
the program to be carried out under the grant or contract about 
the application.
  ``(d) Continuation Awards.--An applicant described in section 
6204(a)(2) that receives funding under this part shall 
periodically demonstrate to the Secretary, during the term of 
the award, that the applicant is continuing to meet the 
requirements of subsection (a)(2)(A).

``SEC. 6206. DEFINITIONS.

  ``In this part:
          ``(1) Alaska native.--The term `Alaska Native' has 
        the same meaning as the term `Native ' has in section 
        3(b) of the Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act and 
        their descendants.
          ``(2) Alaska native organization.--The term `Alaska 
        Native organization' means a federally recognized 
        tribe, consortium of tribes, regional nonprofit Native 
        association, and an organization, that--
                  ``(A) has or commits to acquire expertise in 
                the education of Alaska Natives; and
                  ``(B) has Alaska Natives in substantive and 
                policymaking positions within the organization.

                  ``Part C--Native Hawaiian Education


``SEC. 6301. FINDINGS.

  ``Congress finds the following:
          ``(1) Native Hawaiians are a distinct and unique 
        indigenous people with a historical continuity to the 
        original inhabitants of the Hawaiian archipelago, whose 
        society was organized as a nation and internationally 
        recognized as a nation by the United States, and many 
        other countries.
          ``(2) Native Hawaiians have a cultural, historic, and 
        land-based link to the indigenous people who exercised 
        sovereignty over the Hawaiian Islands.
          ``(3) The political status of Native Hawaiians is 
        comparable to that of American Indians and Alaska 
        Natives.
          ``(4) The political relationship between the United 
        States and the Native Hawaiian people has been 
        recognized and reaffirmed by the United States, as 
        evidenced by the inclusion of Native Hawaiians in many 
        Federal statutes, including--
                  ``(A) the Native American Programs Act of 
                1974 (42 U.S.C. 2991 et seq.);
                  ``(B) Public Law 95-341 (commonly known as 
                the `American Indian Religious Freedom Act' (42 
                U.S.C. 1996));
                  ``(C) the National Museum of the American 
                Indian Act (20 U.S.C. 80q et seq.);
                  ``(D) the Native American Graves Protection 
                and Repatriation Act (25 U.S.C. 3001 et seq.);
                  ``(E) the National Historic Preservation Act 
                (16 U.S.C. 470 et seq.);
                  ``(F) the Native American Languages Act (25 
                U.S.C. 2901 et seq.);
                  ``(G) the American Indian, Alaska Native, and 
                Native Hawaiian Culture and Art Development Act 
                (20 U.S.C. 4401 et seq.);
                  ``(H) the Workforce Investment Act of 1998 
                (29 U.S.C. 2801 et seq.); and
                  ``(I) the Older Americans Act of 1965 (42 
                U.S.C. 3001 et seq.).
          ``(5) Many Native Hawaiian students lag behind other 
        students in terms of--
                  ``(A) school readiness factors;
                  ``(B) scoring below national norms on 
                education achievement tests at all grade 
                levels;
                  ``(C) underrepresentation in the uppermost 
                achievement levels and in gifted and talented 
                programs;
                  ``(D) overrepresentation among students 
                qualifying for special education programs;
                  ``(E) underrepresentation in institutions of 
                higher education and among adults who have 
                completed 4 or more years of college;
          ``(6) The percentage of Native Hawaiian students 
        served by the State of Hawaii Department of Education 
        rose 30 percent from 1980 to 2008, and there are and 
        will continue to be geographically rural, isolated 
        areas with a high Native Hawaiian population density.
          ``(7) The Native Hawaiian people are determined to 
        preserve, develop, and transmit to future generations 
        their ancestral territory and their cultural identity 
        in accordance with their own spiritual and traditional 
        beliefs, customs, practices, language, and social 
        institutions.

``SEC. 6302. PURPOSES.

  ``The purposes of this part are--
          ``(1) to authorize, develop, implement, assess, and 
        evaluate innovative educational programs, Native 
        Hawaiian language medium programs, Native Hawaiian 
        culture-based education programs, and other education 
        programs to improve the academic achievement of Native 
        Hawaiian students by meeting their unique cultural and 
        language needs in order to help such students meet 
        challenging State student academic achievement 
        standards;
          ``(2) to provide guidance to appropriate Federal, 
        State, and local agencies to more effectively and 
        efficiently focus resources, including resources made 
        available under this part, on the development and 
        implementation of--
                  ``(A) innovative educational programs for 
                Native Hawaiians;
                  ``(B) rigorous and substantive Native 
                Hawaiian language programs; and
                  ``(C) Native Hawaiian culture-based 
                educational programs; and
          ``(3) to create a system by which information from 
        programs funded under this part will be collected, 
        analyzed, evaluated, reported, and used in 
        decisionmaking activities regarding the types of grants 
        awarded under this part.

``SEC. 6303. NATIVE HAWAIIAN EDUCATION COUNCIL GRANT.

  ``(a) Grant Authorized.--In order to better effectuate the 
purposes of this part through the coordination of educational 
and related services and programs available to Native 
Hawaiians, including those programs that receive funding under 
this part, the Secretary shall award a grant to an education 
council, as described under subsection (b).
  ``(b) Education Council.--
          ``(1) Eligibility.--To be eligible to receive the 
        grant under subsection (a), the council shall be an 
        education council (referred to in this section as the 
        `Education Council') that meets the requirements of 
        this subsection.
          ``(2) Composition.--The Education Council shall 
        consist of 15 members of whom--
                  ``(A) 1 shall be the President of the 
                University of Hawaii (or a designee);
                  ``(B) 1 shall be the Governor of the State of 
                Hawaii (or a designee);
                  ``(C) 1 shall be the Superintendent of the 
                State of Hawaii Department of Education (or a 
                designee);
                  ``(D) 1 shall be the chairperson of the 
                Office of Hawaiian Affairs (or a designee);
                  ``(E) 1 shall be the executive director of 
                Hawaii's Charter School Network (or a 
                designee);
                  ``(F) 1 shall be the chief executive officer 
                of the Kamehameha Schools (or a designee);
                  ``(G) 1 shall be the Chief Executive Officer 
                of the Queen Liliuokalani Trust (or a 
                designee);
                  ``(H) 1 shall be a member, selected by the 
                other members of the Education Council, who 
                represents a private grant-making entity;
                  ``(I) 1 shall be the Mayor of the County of 
                Hawaii (or a designee);
                  ``(J) 1 shall be the Mayor of Maui County (or 
                a designee from the Island of Maui);
                  ``(K) 1 shall be the Mayor of the County of 
                Kauai (or a designee);
                  ``(L) 1 shall be appointed by the Mayor of 
                Maui County from the Island of either Molokai 
                or Lanai;
                  ``(M) 1 shall be the Mayor of the City and 
                County of Honolulu (or a designee);
                  ``(N) 1 shall be the chairperson of the 
                Hawaiian Homes Commission (or a designee); and
                  ``(O) 1 shall be the chairperson of the 
                Hawaii Workforce Development Council (or a 
                designee representing the private sector).
          ``(3) Requirements.--Any designee serving on the 
        Education Council shall demonstrate, as determined by 
        the individual who appointed such designee with input 
        from the Native Hawaiian community, not less than 5 
        years of experience as a consumer or provider of Native 
        Hawaiian education or cultural activities, with 
        traditional cultural experience given due 
        consideration.
          ``(4) Limitation.--A member (including a designee), 
        while serving on the Education Council, shall not be a 
        recipient of grant funds that are awarded under this 
        part.
          ``(5) Term of members.--A member who is a designee 
        shall serve for a term of not more than 4 years.
          ``(6) Chair, vice chair.--
                  ``(A) Selection.--The Education Council shall 
                select a Chair and a Vice Chair from among the 
                members of the Education Council.
                  ``(B) Term limits.--The Chair and Vice Chair 
                shall each serve for a 2-year term.
          ``(7) Administrative provisions relating to education 
        council.--The Education Council shall meet at the call 
        of the Chair of the Council, or upon request by a 
        majority of the members of the Education Council, but 
        in any event not less often than every 120 days.
          ``(8) No compensation.--None of the funds made 
        available through the grant may be used to provide 
        compensation to any member of the Education Council or 
        member of a working group established by the Education 
        Council, for functions described in this section.
  ``(c) Use of Funds for Coordination Activities.--The 
Education Council shall use funds made available through the 
grant to carry out each of the following activities:
          ``(1) Providing advice about the coordination, and 
        serving as a clearinghouse for, the educational and 
        related services and programs available to Native 
        Hawaiians, including the programs assisted under this 
        part.
          ``(2) Assessing the extent to which such services and 
        programs meet the needs of Native Hawaiians, and 
        collecting data on the status of Native Hawaiian 
        education.
          ``(3) Providing direction and guidance, through the 
        issuance of reports and recommendations, to appropriate 
        Federal, State, and local agencies in order to focus 
        and improve the use of resources, including resources 
        made available under this part, relating to Native 
        Hawaiian education, and serving, where appropriate, in 
        an advisory capacity.
          ``(4) Awarding grants, if such grants enable the 
        Education Council to carry out the activities described 
        in paragraphs (1) through (3).
          ``(5) Hiring an executive director who shall assist 
        in executing the duties and powers of the Education 
        Council, as described in subsection (d).
  ``(d) Use of Funds for Technical Assistance.--The Education 
Council shall use funds made available through the grant to--
          ``(1) provide technical assistance to Native Hawaiian 
        organizations that are grantees or potential grantees 
        under this part;
          ``(2) obtain from such grantees information and data 
        regarding grants awarded under this part, including 
        information and data about--
                  ``(A) the effectiveness of such grantees in 
                meeting the educational priorities established 
                by the Education Council, as described in 
                paragraph (6)(D), using metrics related to 
                these priorities; and
                  ``(B) the effectiveness of such grantees in 
                carrying out any of the activities described in 
                section 6304(c) that are related to the 
                specific goals and purposes of each grantee's 
                grant project, using metrics related to these 
                priorities;
          ``(3) assess and define the educational needs of 
        Native Hawaiians;
          ``(4) assess the programs and services available to 
        address the educational needs of Native Hawaiians;
          ``(5) assess and evaluate the individual and 
        aggregate impact achieved by grantees under this part 
        in improving Native Hawaiian educational performance 
        and meeting the goals of this part, using metrics 
        related to these goals;
          ``(6) prepare and submit to the Secretary, at the end 
        of each calendar year, an annual report that contains--
                  ``(A) a description of the activities of the 
                Education Council during the calendar year;
                  ``(B) a description of significant barriers 
                to achieving the goals of this part;
                  ``(C) a summary of each community 
                consultation session described in subsection 
                (e); and
                  ``(D) recommendations to establish priorities 
                for funding under this part, based on an 
                assessment of--
                          ``(i) the educational needs of Native 
                        Hawaiians;
                          ``(ii) programs and services 
                        available to address such needs;
                          ``(iii) the effectiveness of programs 
                        in improving the educational 
                        performance of Native Hawaiian students 
                        to help such students meet challenging 
                        State student academic achievement 
                        standards; and
                          ``(iv) priorities for funding in 
                        specific geographic communities.
  ``(e) Use of Funds for Community Consultations.--The 
Education Council shall use funds made available though the 
grant under subsection (a) to hold not less than 1 community 
consultation each year on each of the islands of Hawaii, Maui, 
Molokai, Lanai, Oahu, and Kauai, at which--
          ``(1) not less than 3 members of the Education 
        Council shall be in attendance;
          ``(2) the Education Council shall gather community 
        input regarding--
                  ``(A) current grantees under this part, as of 
                the date of the consultation;
                  ``(B) priorities and needs of Native 
                Hawaiians; and
                  ``(C) other Native Hawaiian education issues; 
                and
          ``(3) the Education Council shall report to the 
        community on the outcomes of the activities supported 
        by grants awarded under this part.
  ``(f) Funding.--For each fiscal year, the Secretary shall use 
the amount described in section 6305(d)(2), to make a payment 
under the grant. Funds made available through the grant shall 
remain available until expended.
  ``(g) Report.--Beginning not later than 2 years after the 
date of enactment of the Student Success Act, and for each 
subsequent year, the Secretary shall prepare and submit to the 
Committee on Education and the Workforce of the House of 
Representatives, and the Committee on Indian Affairs and the 
Committee on Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions of the 
Senate, a report that--
          ``(1) summarizes the annual reports of the Education 
        Council;
          ``(2) describes the allocation and use of funds under 
        this part and the information gathered since the first 
        annual report submitted by the Education Council to the 
        Secretary under this section; and
          ``(3) contains recommendations for changes in 
        Federal, State, and local policy to advance the 
        purposes of this part.

``SEC. 6304. GRANT PROGRAM AUTHORIZED.

  ``(a) Grants and Contracts.--In order to carry out programs 
that meet the purposes of this part, the Secretary is 
authorized to award grants to, or enter into contracts with--
          ``(1) Native Hawaiian educational organizations;
          ``(2) Native Hawaiian community-based organizations;
          ``(3) public and private nonprofit organizations, 
        agencies, and institutions with experience in 
        developing or operating Native Hawaiian education and 
        workforce development programs or programs of 
        instruction in the Native Hawaiian language;
          ``(4) charter schools; and
          ``(5) consortia of the organizations, agencies, and 
        institutions described in paragraphs (1) through (4).
  ``(b) Priority.--In awarding grants and entering into 
contracts under this part, the Secretary shall give priority 
to--
          ``(1) programs that meet the educational priority 
        recommendations of the Education Council, as described 
        under section 6303(d)(6)(D);
          ``(2) the repair and renovation of public schools 
        that serve high concentrations of Native Hawaiian 
        students;
          ``(3) programs designed to improve the academic 
        achievement of Native Hawaiian students by meeting 
        their unique cultural and language needs in order to 
        help such students meet challenging State student 
        academic achievement standards, including activities 
        relating to--
                  ``(A) achieving competence in reading, 
                literacy, mathematics, and science for students 
                in preschool through grade 3;
                  ``(B) the educational needs of at-risk 
                children and youth;
                  ``(C) professional development for teachers 
                and administrators;
                  ``(D) the use of Native Hawaiian language and 
                preservation or reclamation of Native Hawaiian 
                culture-based educational practices; and
                  ``(E) other programs relating to the 
                activities described in this part; and
          ``(4) programs in which a local educational agency, 
        institution of higher education, or a State educational 
        agency in partnership with a nonprofit entity serving 
        underserved communities within the Native Hawaiian 
        population apply for a grant or contract under this 
        part as part of a partnership or consortium.
  ``(c) Authorized Activities.--Activities provided through 
programs carried out under this part may include--
          ``(1) the development and maintenance of a statewide 
        Native Hawaiian early education and care system to 
        provide a continuum of high-quality early learning 
        services for Native Hawaiian children from the prenatal 
        period through the age of kindergarten entry;
          ``(2) the operation of family-based education centers 
        that provide such services as--
                  ``(A) early care and education programs for 
                Native Hawaiians; and
                  ``(B) research on, and development and 
                assessment of, family-based, early childhood, 
                and preschool programs for Native Hawaiians;
          ``(3) activities that enhance beginning reading and 
        literacy in either the Hawaiian or the English language 
        among Native Hawaiian students in kindergarten through 
        grade 3 and assistance in addressing the distinct 
        features of combined English and Hawaiian literacy for 
        Hawaiian speakers in grades 5 and 6;
          ``(4) activities to meet the special needs of Native 
        Hawaiian students with disabilities, including--
                  ``(A) the identification of such students and 
                their needs;
                  ``(B) the provision of support services to 
                the families of such students; and
                  ``(C) other activities consistent with the 
                requirements of the Individuals with 
                Disabilities Education Act;
          ``(5) activities that address the special needs of 
        Native Hawaiian students who are gifted and talented, 
        including--
                  ``(A) educational, psychological, and 
                developmental activities designed to assist in 
                the educational progress of such students; and
                  ``(B) activities that involve the parents of 
                such students in a manner designed to assist in 
                the educational progress of such students;
          ``(6) the development of academic and vocational 
        curricula to address the needs of Native Hawaiian 
        students, including curricula materials in the Hawaiian 
        language and mathematics and science curricula that 
        incorporate Native Hawaiian tradition and culture;
          ``(7) professional development activities for 
        educators, including--
                  ``(A) the development of programs to prepare 
                prospective teachers to address the unique 
                needs of Native Hawaiian students within the 
                context of Native Hawaiian culture, language, 
                and traditions;
                  ``(B) in-service programs to improve the 
                ability of teachers who teach in schools with 
                high concentrations of Native Hawaiian students 
                to meet the unique needs of such students; and
                  ``(C) the recruitment and preparation of 
                Native Hawaiians, and other individuals who 
                live in communities with a high concentration 
                of Native Hawaiians, to become teachers;
          ``(8) the operation of community-based learning 
        centers that address the needs of Native Hawaiian 
        students, parents, families, and communities through 
        the coordination of public and private programs and 
        services, including--
                  ``(A) early education programs;
                  ``(B) before, after, and Summer school 
                programs, expanded learning time, or weekend 
                academies;
                  ``(C) career and technical education 
                programs; and
                  ``(D) programs that recognize and support the 
                unique cultural and educational needs of Native 
                Hawaiian children, and incorporate 
                appropriately qualified Native Hawaiian elders 
                and seniors;
          ``(9) activities, including program co-location, that 
        ensure Native Hawaiian students graduate college and 
        career ready including--
                  ``(A) family literacy services;
                  ``(B) counseling, guidance, and support 
                services for students; and
                  ``(C) professional development activities 
                designed to help educators improve the college 
                and career readiness of Native Hawaiian 
                students;
          ``(10) research and data collection activities to 
        determine the educational status and needs of Native 
        Hawaiian children and adults;
          ``(11) other research and evaluation activities 
        related to programs carried out under this part; and
          ``(12) other activities, consistent with the purposes 
        of this part, to meet the educational needs of Native 
        Hawaiian children and adults.
  ``(d) Additional Activities.--Notwithstanding any other 
provision of this part, funds made available to carry out this 
section as of the day before the date of enactment of the 
Student Success Act shall remain available until expended. The 
Secretary shall use such funds to support the following:
          ``(1) The repair and renovation of public schools 
        that serve high concentrations of Native Hawaiian 
        students.
          ``(2) The perpetuation of, and expansion of access 
        to, Hawaiian culture and history through digital 
        archives.
          ``(3) Informal education programs that connect 
        traditional Hawaiian knowledge, science, astronomy, and 
        the environment through State museums or learning 
        centers.
          ``(4) Public charter schools serving high 
        concentrations of Native Hawaiian students.
  ``(e) Administrative Costs.--
          ``(1) In general.--Except as provided in paragraph 
        (2), not more than 5 percent of funds provided to a 
        recipient of a grant or contract under this section for 
        any fiscal year may be used for administrative 
        purposes.
          ``(2) Exception.--The Secretary may waive the 
        requirement of paragraph (1) for a nonprofit entity 
        that receives funding under this section and allow not 
        more than 10 percent of funds provided to such 
        nonprofit entity under this section for any fiscal year 
        to be used for administrative purposes.

``SEC. 6305. ADMINISTRATIVE PROVISIONS.

  ``(a) Application Required.--No grant may be made under this 
part, and no contract may be entered into under this part, 
unless the entity seeking the grant or contract submits an 
application to the Secretary at such time, in such manner, and 
containing such information as the Secretary may determine to 
be necessary to carry out the provisions of this part.
  ``(b) Direct Grant Applications.--The Secretary shall provide 
a copy of all direct grant applications to the Education 
Council.
  ``(c) Supplement Not Supplant.--
          ``(1) In general.--Except as provided in paragraph 
        (2), funds made available under this part shall be used 
        to supplement, and not supplant, any State or local 
        funds used to achieve the purposes of this part.
          ``(2) Exception.--Paragraph (1) shall not apply to 
        any nonprofit entity or Native Hawaiian community-based 
        organization that receives a grant or other funds under 
        this part.
  ``(d) Authorization of Appropriations.--
          ``(1) In general.--There are authorized to be 
        appropriated to carry out this part $32,397,259 for 
        each of fiscal years 2014 through 2019.
          ``(2) Reservation.--Of the funds appropriated under 
        this subsection, the Secretary shall reserve, for each 
        fiscal year after the date of enactment of the Student 
        Success Act not less than $500,000 for the grant to the 
        Education Council under section 6303.
          ``(3) Availability.--Funds appropriated under this 
        subsection shall remain available until expended.''.
                              ----------                              


3. An Amendment To Be Offered by Representative Cardenas of California 
               or His Designee, Debatable for 10 Minutes

  Page 4, line 22, strike ``2019.'' and insert ``2019, of which 
775,000,000 for each of such fiscal years are authorized for 
subpart 4 of such part.''.
                              ----------                              


4. An Amendment To Be Offered by Representative Luetkemeyer of Missouri 
               or His Designee, Debatable for 10 Minutes

  Page 6, after line 21, insert the following new section:

SEC. 7. SENSE OF THE CONGRESS.

  (a) Findings.--The Congress finds as follows:
          (1) The Elementary and Secondary Education Act 
        prohibits the Federal Government from mandating, 
        directing, or controlling a State, local educational 
        agency, or school's curriculum, program of instruction, 
        or allocation of State and local resources, and from 
        mandating a State or any subdivision thereof to spend 
        any funds or incur any costs not paid for under such 
        Act.
          (2) The Elementary and Secondary Education Act 
        prohibits the Federal Government from funding the 
        development, pilot testing, field testing, 
        implementation, administration, or distribution of any 
        federally sponsored national test in reading, 
        mathematics, or any other subject, unless specifically 
        and explicitly authorized by law.
          (3) The Secretary of Education, through 3 separate 
        initiatives, has created a system of waivers and grants 
        that influence, incentivize, and coerce State 
        educational agencies into implementing common national 
        elementary and secondary standards and assessments 
        endorsed by the Secretary.
          (4) The Race to the Top Fund encouraged and 
        incentivized States to adopt Common Core State 
        Standards developed by the National Governor's 
        Association Center for Best Practices and the Council 
        of Chief State School Officers.
          (5) The Race to the Top Assessment grants awarded to 
        the Partnership for the Assessment of Readiness for 
        College and Careers (PARCC) and SMARTER Balanced 
        Assessment Consortium (SMARTER Balance) initiated the 
        development of Common Core State Standards aligned 
        assessments that will, in turn, inform and ultimately 
        influence kindergarten through 12th-grade curriculum 
        and instructional materials.
          (6) The conditional Elementary and Secondary 
        Education Act flexibility waiver authority employed by 
        the Department of Education coerced States into 
        accepting Common Core State Standards and aligned 
        assessments.
  (b) Sense of the Congress.--It is the sense of the Congress 
that States and local educational agencies should maintain the 
rights and responsibilities of determining educational 
curriculum, programs of instruction, and assessments for 
elementary and secondary education.
                              ----------                              


5. An Amendment To Be Offered by Representative Jackson Lee of Texas or 
                 Her Designee, Debatable for 10 Minutes

  Page 16, line 6, strike ``low-performing schools'' and insert 
``neglected, delinquent, migrant students, English learners, 
at-risk students, and Native Americans, to increase academic 
achievement of such students''.
                              ----------                              


6. An Amendment To Be Offered by Representative Bentivolio of Michigan 
               or His Designee, Debatable for 10 Minutes

  Page 20, line 21, strike ``and parents'' and insert 
``parents, private sector employers, and entrepreneurs''.

  Page 39, line 10, strike ``and local educational agencies'' 
and insert ``local educational agencies, and private sector 
employers (including representatives of entrepreneurial 
ventures)''.

  Page 39, line 15, strike ``75 percent'' and insert ``65 
percent''.

  Page 39, line 16, insert ``and 10 percent are representatives 
of private sector employers'' before the period at the end.
                              ----------                              


  7. An Amendment To Be Offered by Representative McMorris Rodgers of 
          Washington or Her Designee, Debatable for 10 Minutes

  Page 22, line 14, insert ``in each subject being assessed'' 
after ``student''.
  Page 22, line 15, insert, ``alternate academic achievement'' 
before ``standards''.
  Page 22, line 17, strike ``standards'' and insert ``content 
standards for the grade in which the student is enrolled''.
  Page 22, line 19, strike ``promote'' and insert ``provide''.
  Page 22, line 20, strike ``and''.
  Page 22, line 23, strike the period and insert a semicolon.
  Page 22, after line 23, insert the following:
                                  ``(IV) are vertically 
                                aligned;
                                  ``(V) reflect concepts and 
                                skills that students should 
                                know and understand for each 
                                grade and the enduring 
                                understandings of the content 
                                being tested (such as concepts 
                                and skills that identify core 
                                concepts, principles, theories, 
                                and processes, serve to 
                                organize important facts, 
                                skills, or actions around 
                                central ideas, and are 
                                transferable to other contexts 
                                or other disciplines); and
                                  ``(VI) are supported by 
                                evidence-based learning 
                                progressions to age and grade-
                                level performance.''.
  Page 28, beginning on line 20, strike ``aligned with'' and 
insert ``based on''.
  Page 28, line 21, strike ``standards'' and insert 
``achievement standards''.
  Page 29, line 11, strike ``are informed'' and insert ``, as 
part of the individualized education program team for such 
students, are involved in the decision''.
  Page 29, line 14, strike ``standards'' and insert ``academic 
achievement standards''.
  Page 29, line 16, strike ``precludes'' and insert ``may 
preclude''.
  Page 29, line 20, strike ``demonstrates'' and insert 
``provides evidence''.
  Page 29, line 21, strike ``, to the extent practicable,''.
  Page 29, after line 24, insert the following:
                          ``(iv) certifies that the State's 
                        requirements for academic assessments 
                        under this paragraph and subparagraphs 
                        (A) and (B) are universally designed to 
                        be accessible to students, including 
                        students with sensory, physical, and 
                        intellectual disabilities;''.
  Page 30, line 1, strike ``(iv)'' and insert ``(v)''.
  Page 30, line 2, insert ``make available,'' after ``about,''.
  Page 30, line 2, strike ``appropriate'' and insert 
``reasonable adaptations and appropriate''.
  Page 30, line 4, strike ``disabilities'' and insert ``the 
most significant cognitive disabilities''.
  Page 30, line 4, strike ``who'' and insert ``participating in 
grade-level academic instruction and takes steps to ensure the 
use of appropriate accommodations to increase the number of 
students with the most significant cognitive disabilities 
who''.
  Page 30, beginning on line 6, strike ``for the grade in which 
a student is enrolled''.
  Page 30, line 7, strike ``and''.
  Page 30, line 8, strike ``(v)'' and insert ``(vi)''.
  Page 30, line 11, strike ``assessments'' and insert 
``assessments based on alternate academic achievement standards 
adopted in accordance with paragraph (1)(D)''.
  Page 30, line 13, strike the period and insert a semicolon.
  Page 30, after line 13, insert the following:
                          ``(vii) requires separate 
                        determinations about whether a student 
                        should be assessed using an alternate 
                        assessment for each subject assessed;
                          ``(viii) ensures that, if a student's 
                        individualized education program 
                        includes goals for a subject assessed 
                        based on alternate academic achievement 
                        standards, such goals are based on 
                        academic content standards for the 
                        grade in which the student is enrolled; 
                        and
                          ``(ix) ensures that students assessed 
                        on alternate academic standards are not 
                        precluded from the opportunity to earn 
                        a secondary school diploma.''.
  Page 34, after line 23, insert the following:
                  ``(C) Students with the most significant 
                cognitive disabilities.--When measuring the 
                academic achievement of students against the 
                State's academic content standards under 
                subparagraph (B)(I) or, if applicable, 
                measuring adequate student growth against such 
                standards under such subparagraph, States and 
                local educational agencies may include, for all 
                schools in the State or local educational 
                agency, the performance of the State's or local 
                educational agency's students with the most 
                significant cognitive disabilities on alternate 
                assessments described in subsection (b)(2)
                ) in the subjects included in the State's 
                accountability system, if the total number of 
                the students taking such alternate assessments 
                based on alternate academic achievement 
                standards in all grades assessed and for each 
                subject in the accountability system does not 
                exceed 1 percent of all students at the State 
                and local educational agency levels, 
                separately, in the grades assessed in each 
                subject.''.
  Page 34, line 24, strike ``(C)'' and insert ``(D)''.
  Page 35, line 5, strike ``(D)'' and insert ``(E)''.
  Page 429, line 11, strike ``significant'' and insert ``the 
most significant''.
  Page 429, line 13, strike ``aligned to'' and insert ``based 
on''.
  Page 429, lines 17 through 21, strike ``diploma'' and all 
that follows through ``Education Act'' and insert the 
following: ``diploma aligned with the State's academic content 
standards, which has been developed by a team of experts 
including organizations representing such students and their 
families''.
  Page 429, line 23, insert after ``Act'' the following ``, 
except that not more than 1 percent of students served by a 
State or a local educational agency, as appropriate, shall be 
counted as graduates with a regular high school diploma under 
this subparagraph''.
                              ----------                              


8. An Amendment To Be Offered by Representative Reed of New York or His 
                   Designee, Debatable for 10 Minutes

  Page 33, line 23, strike ``and''.
  Page 34, after line 13, insert the following:
                                  ``(III) other measures of 
                                school success; and''.
                              ----------                              


9. An Amendment To Be Offered by Representative Benishek of Michigan or 
                 His Designee, Debatable for 10 Minutes

  Page 45, line 15, insert before the period, the following: 
``, such as the number of students enrolled in each public 
secondary school in the State attaining career and technical 
proficiencies, as defined in section 113(b)(2)(A) of the Carl 
D. Perkins Career and Technical Education Act of 2006, and 
reported by the State in a manner consistent with section 
113(c) of such Act''.
                              ----------                              


10. An Amendment To Be Offered by Representative Heck of Nevada or His 
                   Designee, Debatable for 10 Minutes

  Page 138, line 4, strike ``Funds'' and insert ``(a) In 
General.--Funds''.
  Page 139, after line 2, insert the following:
  ``(b) Contracts and Grants.--A local educational agency may 
use a grant received under this chapter to carry out the 
activities described under paragraphs (1) through (5) of 
subsection (a) directly or through grants, contracts, or 
cooperative agreements.''.
                              ----------                              


11. An Amendment To Be Offered by Representative Schock of Illinois or 
                 His Designee, Debatable for 10 Minutes

  Page 245, line 11, insert ``, including those representatives 
and members nominated by local and national stakeholder 
representatives'' after ``title''.
  Page 245, line 15, after ``information.'' insert the 
following: ``Such regional meetings and electronic exchanges of 
information shall be public and notice of such meetings and 
exchanges shall be provided to interested stakeholders.''.
  Page 248, beginning on line 6, after ``assessment'' insert 
the following: ``(which shall include a representative sampling 
of local educational agencies based on local educational agency 
enrollment, urban, suburban, or rural character, and other 
factors impacted by the proposed regulation)''.
  Page 248, line 12, strike ``and''.
  Page 248, line 15, strike the period and insert ``; and''.
  Page 248, after line 15, insert the following new 
subparagraph:
                  ``(C) the proposed regulation, which 
                thoroughly addresses, based on the comments 
                received during the comment and review period 
                under paragraph (3), whether the rule is 
                financially, operationally, and educationally 
                viable at the local level.''.
  Page 475, after line 19, insert the following new section:

``SEC. 5530. LOCAL CONTROL.

  ``The Secretary shall not--
          ``(1) impose any requirements or exercise any 
        governance or authority over school administration, 
        including the development and expenditure over school 
        budgets, unless explicitly authorized under this Act;
          ``(2) issue any regulations or non-regulatory 
        guidance without first consulting with local 
        stakeholders and fairly addressing their concerns; or
          ``(3) deny any local educational agency the right to 
        object to any administrative requirement, including 
        actions that place additional burdens or cost on the 
        local educational agency.''.
                              ----------                              


 12. An Amendment To Be Offered by Representative Scalise of Louisiana 
               or His Designee, Debatable for 10 Minutes

  Page 253, line 3, insert before ``develop'' the following: 
``if a State educational agency or local educational agency so 
chooses,''
  Page 257, line 21 through page 258, line 2, strike paragraph 
(5).
  Page 258, line 3 through line 14, strike paragraph (6) and 
insert the following:
          ``(5) If applicable, a description of how the State 
        educational agency will work with local educational 
        agencies in the State to develop or implement a teacher 
        or school leader evaluation system.''.
  Page 258, line 15, strike ``(7)'' and insert ``(6)''.
  Page 261, line 2, strike ``to'' and all that follows through 
``fulfill'' on line 19, and insert ``to fulfill''.
  Page 261, after line 24, insert the following:
                  ``(A) provide training and technical 
                assistance to local educational agencies on--
                          ``(i) in the case of a State 
                        educational agency not implementing a 
                        statewide teacher evaluation system--
                                  ``(I) the development and 
                                implementation of a teacher 
                                evaluation system; and
                                  ``(II) training school 
                                leaders in using such 
                                evaluation system; or
                          ``(ii) in the case of a State 
                        educational agency implementing a 
                        statewide teacher evaluation system, 
                        implementing such evaluation system;''.
  Page 262, line 1, strike ``(A)'' and insert ``(B)''.
  Page 262, line 7, strike ``(B)'' and insert ``(C)''.
  Page 262, line 9, strike ``2123(2)(D)'' and insert 
``2123(6)''.
  Page 262, line 10, strike ``(C)'' and insert ``(D)''.
  Page 264, line 21 through page 265, line 2, strike 
subparagraph (C).
  Page 265, beginning on line 3, strike ``how,'' and all that 
follows through ``system'' and insert ``if applicable, how''.
  Page 265, line 7, insert before the semicolon the following: 
``in developing and implementing a teacher evaluation system''.
  Page 265, line 9 through line 12, strike subparagraph (E).
  Page 265, beginning on line 13, amend paragraph (2) to read 
as follows:
          ``(2) If applicable, a description of how the local 
        educational agency will develop and implement a teacher 
        or school leader evaluation system.''.
  Page 265, line 25, strike ``subpart'' and all that follows 
through ``shall use such funds'' on page 266, line 1, and 
insert ``subpart may use such funds for''.
  Page 266, line 2, strike ``(A) to develop and implement'' and 
insert ``(1) the development and implementation of''.
  Page 266, line 3, insert ``may'' after ``that''.
  Page 266, line 4, strike ``(i) uses'' and insert ``(A) use''.
  Page 266, line 10, strike ``(ii) uses'' and insert ``(B) 
use''.
  Page 266, line 12, strike ``(iii) has'' and insert ``(C) 
have''.
  Page 266, line 14, strike ``(iv) shall'' and insert ``(D)''.
  Page 266, line 17, strike ``(v) is'' and insert ``(E) be''.
  Page 266, line 20, strike ``or''.
  Page 266, line 21, strike ``(B)'' and insert ``(2)''.
  Page 266, line 23, strike ``to implement'' and insert 
``implementing''.
  Page 266, line 24, strike ``and''.
  Page 266, strike line 25.
  Page 267, line 1, strike ``(A)'' and insert ``(3)''.
  Page 267, line 3, insert ``or school leaders'' before 
``under''.
  Page 267, line 3, strike ``evaluation system described'' and 
insert ``or school leader evaluation system,''
  Page 267, strike line 4.
  Page 267, line 6, strike ``(B)'' and insert ``(4)''.
  Page 267, line 10, strike ``(C)'' and insert ``(5)''.
  Page 267, line 15, strike ``(D)'' and insert ``(6)''.
  Page 267, line 18, strike ``(i)'' and insert ``(A)''.
  Page 267, line 20, strike ``(ii)'' and insert ``(B)''.
  Page 267, line 22, strike ``(iii)'' and insert ``(C)''.
  Page 268, line 3, strike ``(iv)'' and insert ``(D)''.
  Page 268, line 9, strike ``(v)'' and insert ``(E)''.
  Page 268, line 13, strike ``(vi)'' and insert ``(F)''.
  Page 268, line 16, strike ``(vii)'' and insert ``(G)''.
  Page 268, line 20, strike ``(viii)'' and insert ``(H)''.
  Page 268, line 4, insert ``or school leaders'' before 
``identified''.
  Page 268, line 6, insert ``or school leader'' before 
``evaluation''.
  Page 268, beginning on line 6, strike ``described in 
subparagraph (A) or (B) of paragraph (1)''.
  Page 268, line 24, strike ``(E)'' and insert ``(7)''.
  Page 269, line 5, strike ``(F)'' and insert ``(8)''.
  Page 269, line 7, strike ``(G)'' and insert ``(9)''.
  Page 269, beginning line 23, amend paragraph (3) to read as 
follows:
          ``(3) in the case of a local educational agency 
        implementing a teacher or school leader evaluation 
        system, the results of such evaluation system, except 
        that such report shall not reveal personally 
        identifiable information about an individual teacher or 
        school leader; and''.
                              ----------                              


13. An Amendment To Be Offered by Representative Moore of Wisconsin or 
                 Her Designee, Debatable for 10 Minutes

  Page 255, after line 7, insert the following:
                  ``(C) Applicability.--
                          ``(i) In general.--Subparagraph (A) 
                        shall not apply with respect to a 
                        fiscal year unless the Secretary 
                        certifies in writing to Congress for 
                        that fiscal year that the amount of 
                        funds allotted under subparagraph (A) 
                        to local educational agencies that 
                        serve a high percentage of students 
                        from families with incomes below the 
                        poverty line is not less than the 
                        amount allotted to such local 
                        educational agencies for fiscal year 
                        2013.
                          ``(ii) Special rule.--For a fiscal 
                        year for which subparagraph (A) does 
                        not apply, the Secretary shall allocate 
                        to each State the funds described in 
                        subparagraph (A) according to the 
                        formula set forth in subsection 
                        (b)(2)(B)(i) of this section as in 
                        effect on the day before the date of 
                        enactment of the Student Success Act.
                              ----------                              


14. An Amendment To Be Offered by Representative Bishop of Utah or His 
                   Designee, Debatable for 10 Minutes

  Page 255, line 8 through page 256, line 17, strike subsection 
(c).
  Page 256, line 18, strike ``(d)'' and insert ``(c)''.
                              ----------                              


 15. An Amendment To Be Offered by Representative Tonko of New York or 
                 His Designee, Debatable for 10 Minutes

  Page 260, line 15, strike ``95'' and insert ``85''.
  Page 260, line 17, strike ``and''.
  Page 260, after line 17, insert the following new paragraph:
          ``(2) reserve 10 percent of the grant funds to make 
        subgrants in accordance with subsection (c); and''.
  Page 260, line 18, strike ``(2)'' and insert ``(3)''.
  Page 262, after line 20, insert the following new subsection:
  ``(c) STEM Professional Development and Instructional 
Materials Grants.--A State receiving a grant under section 2111 
shall use the funds described in subsection (a)(2) to award 
grants, on a competitive basis, to nonprofit organizations, and 
other entities, with expertise and a demonstrated record of 
success in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics 
fields to enable such organizations and entities to develop and 
provide professional development and instructional materials to 
support elementary and secondary education for science, 
technology, engineering, and mathematics in the State.''.
                              ----------                              


 16. An Amendment To Be Offered by Representative Brooks of Indiana or 
                 Her Designee, Debatable for 10 Minutes

  Page 267, line 19, insert ``, including for teachers of 
computer science and other science, technology, engineering, 
and mathematics subjects'' after ``teachers''.
  Page 268, line 19, insert ``and teachers of computer science 
and other science, technology, engineering, and mathematics 
subjects'' after ``teachers''.
  Page 276, line 16, insert ``computer science and other'' 
after ``including''.
  Page 284, line 23, insert ``computer science and other'' 
after ``from''.
  Page 366, line 5, strike ``academic subject specific 
programs'' and insert ``academic subject specific programs 
(including computer science and other science, technology, 
engineering, and mathematics programs)''.
                              ----------                              


 17. An Amendment To Be Offered by Representative Polis of Colorado or 
                 His Designee, Debatable for 10 Minutes

  Page 311, line 4, strike ``and'' at the end.

  Page 311, line 15, strike the period at the end and insert a 
semicolon.

  Page 315, after line 15, insert the following:

                  ``(H) the entity will ensure that each 
                charter school provides substantive outreach to 
                students from low-income families and other 
                underserved populations in its plans to open 
                new charter schools, replicate high-quality 
                charter school models, or expand existing high-
                quality charter schools; and
                  ``(I) the entity willl allow per pupil 
                revenues to shared between local educational 
                agencies to reflect split student enrollment in 
                2 or more part-time educational programs 
                operated or authorized by different local 
                educational agencies.''.

  Page 315, line 22, strike ``schools.'' and insert the 
following:

``schools, which may include (1) paying costs associated with 
preparing teachers to ensure strong school starts; (2) 
purchasing instructional materials and implementing teacher and 
principal professional development programs; and (3) providing 
the necessary renovations and minor facilities repairs, 
excluding construction, to ensure a strong school opening or to 
meet the needs of increased student enrollment.''.
                              ----------                              


18. An Amendment To Be Offered by Representative Velazquez of New York 
               or Her Designee, Debatable for 10 Minutes

  Page 351, after line 12, insert the following:
          ``(5) A description of the steps the applicant will 
        take to target services to low-income students and 
        parents.''.
  Page 351, line 12, redesignate paragraph (5) as paragraph 
(6).
  Page 353, line 23, strike ``and'' after the semicolon.
  Page 354, line 2, strike the period and insert ``; and''.
  Page 354, after line 2, insert the following:
                  ``(K) conduct outreach to low-income students 
                and parents, including low-income students and 
                parents who are not proficient in English.''.
                              ----------                              


19. An Amendment To Be Offered by Representative Mullin of Oklahoma or 
                 His Designee, Debatable for 10 Minutes

  Page 373, lines 11 through 22, strike paragraph (1), and 
redesignate the succeeding paragraphs accordingly.
  Page 391, beginning on line 12, strike ``agencies'' and all 
that follows through page 392, line 20, and insert 
``agencies).''
  Page 394, beginning on line 17, amend section 406 to read as 
follows:

SEC. 406. CONSTRUCTION.

  Section 8007 (20 U.S.C. 7707) is amended to read as follows:

``SEC. 8007. CONSTRUCTION.

  ``(a) School Facility Emergency and Modernization Grants 
Authorized.--
          ``(1) In general.--From 100 percent of the amount 
        appropriated for each fiscal year under section 
        8014(e), the Secretary--
                  ``(A) shall award emergency grants in 
                accordance with this subsection to eligible 
                local educational agencies to enable the 
                agencies to carry out emergency repairs of 
                school facilities; and
                  ``(B) shall award modernization grants in 
                accordance with this subsection to eligible 
                local educational agencies to enable the 
                agencies to carry out the modernization of 
                school facilities.
          ``(2) Priority.--In approving applications from local 
        educational agencies for emergency grants and 
        modernization grants under this subsection, the 
        Secretary shall give priority to applications in 
        accordance with the following:
                  ``(A) The Secretary shall first give priority 
                to applications for emergency grants from local 
                educational agencies that meet the requirements 
                of paragraph (3)(A) and, among such 
                applications for emergency grants, shall give 
                priority to those applications from local 
                educational agencies based on the severity of 
                the emergency, as determined by the Secretary.
                  ``(B) The Secretary shall next give priority 
                to applications for modernization grants from 
                local educational agencies that meet the 
                requirements of paragraph (3)(B) and, among 
                such applications for modernization grants, 
                shall give priority to those applications from 
                local educational agencies based on the 
                severity of the need for modernization, as 
                determined by the Secretary.
          ``(3) Eligibility requirements.--
                  ``(A) Emergency grants.--A local educational 
                agency is eligible to receive an emergency 
                grant under paragraph (2)(A) if--
                          ``(i) the agency (or in the case of a 
                        local educational agency that does not 
                        have the authority to tax or issue 
                        bonds, the agency's fiscal agent)--
                                  ``(I) has no practical 
                                capacity to issue bonds; or
                                  ``(II) has minimal capacity 
                                to issue bonds and is at not 
                                less than 75 percent of the 
                                agency's limit of bonded 
                                indebtedness; or
                          ``(ii) the agency is eligible to 
                        receive assistance under subsection (a) 
                        for the fiscal year and has a school 
                        facility emergency, as determined by 
                        the Secretary, that poses a health or 
                        safety hazard to the students and 
                        school personnel assigned to the school 
                        facility.
                  ``(B) Modernization grants.--A local 
                educational agency is eligible to receive a 
                modernization grant under paragraph (2)(B) if--
                          ``(i) the agency receives a basic 
                        support payment under section 8003(b) 
                        for the fiscal year; or
                          ``(ii) the agency receives a Federal 
                        properties payment under section 8002 
                        for the fiscal year.
                  ``(C) Rule of construction.--For purposes of 
                subparagraph (A)(i), a local educational 
                agency--
                          ``(i) has no practical capacity to 
                        issue bonds if the total assessed value 
                        of real property that may be taxed for 
                        school purposes is less than 
                        $25,000,000; and
                          ``(ii) has minimal capacity to issue 
                        bonds if the total assessed value of 
                        real property that may be taxed for 
                        school purposes is at least $25,000,000 
                        but not more than $50,000,000.
          ``(4) Award criteria.--In awarding emergency grants 
        and modernization grants under this subsection, the 
        Secretary shall consider the following factors:
                  ``(A) The ability of the local educational 
                agency to respond to the emergency, or to pay 
                for the modernization project, as the case may 
                be, as measured by--
                          ``(i) the agency's level of bonded 
                        indebtedness;
                          ``(ii) the assessed value of real 
                        property per student that may be taxed 
                        for school purposes compared to the 
                        average of the assessed value of real 
                        property per student that may be taxed 
                        for school purposes in the State in 
                        which the agency is located;
                          ``(iii) the agency's total tax rate 
                        for school purposes (or for capital 
                        expenditures, if applicable) compared 
                        to the average total tax rate for 
                        school purposes (or the average capital 
                        expenditure tax rate, if applicable) in 
                        the State in which the agency is 
                        located; and
                          ``(iv) funds that are available to 
                        the agency, from any other source, 
                        including subsection (a), that may be 
                        used for capital expenditures.
                  ``(B) The percentage of property in the 
                agency that is nontaxable due to the presence 
                of the Federal Government.
                  ``(C) The number and percentages of children 
                described in subparagraphs (A), (B), (C), and 
                (D) of section 8003(a)(1) served in the school 
                facility with the emergency or served in the 
                school facility proposed for modernization, as 
                the case may be.
                  ``(D) In the case of an emergency grant, the 
                severity of the emergency, as measured by the 
                threat that the condition of the school 
                facility poses to the health, safety, and well-
                being of students.
                  ``(E) In the case of a modernization grant--
                          ``(i) the severity of the need for 
                        modernization, as measured by such 
                        factors as--
                                  ``(I) overcrowding, as 
                                evidenced by the use of 
                                portable classrooms, or the 
                                potential for future 
                                overcrowding because of 
                                increased enrollment; or
                                  ``(II) the agency's inability 
                                to utilize technology or offer 
                                a curriculum in accordance with 
                                contemporary State standards 
                                due to the physical limitations 
                                of the current school facility; 
                                and
                          ``(ii) the age of the school facility 
                        proposed for modernization.
          ``(5) Other award provisions.--
                  ``(A) General provisions.--
                          ``(i) Limitations on amount of 
                        funds.--
                                  ``(I) In general.--The amount 
                                of funds provided under an 
                                emergency grant or a 
                                modernization grant awarded 
                                under this subsection to a 
                                local educational agency that 
                                meets the requirements of 
                                subclause (II) of paragraph 
                                (3)(A)(i) for purposes of 
                                eligibility under subparagraph 
                                (A) or (B) of paragraph (3)--
                                          ``(aa) shall not 
                                        exceed 50 percent of 
                                        the total cost of the 
                                        project to be assisted 
                                        under this subsection; 
                                        and
                                          ``(bb) shall not 
                                        exceed $4,000,000 
                                        during any 4-year 
                                        period.
                                  ``(II) In-kind 
                                contributions.--A local 
                                educational agency may use in-
                                kind contributions to meet the 
                                matching requirement of 
                                subclause (I)(aa).
                          ``(ii) Prohibitions on use of 
                        funds.--A local educational agency may 
                        not use funds provided under an 
                        emergency grant or modernization grant 
                        awarded under this subsection for--
                                  ``(I) a project for a school 
                                facility for which the agency 
                                does not have full title or 
                                other interest;
                                  ``(II) stadiums or other 
                                school facilities that are 
                                primarily used for athletic 
                                contests, exhibitions, or other 
                                events for which admission is 
                                charged to the general public; 
                                or
                                  ``(III) the acquisition of 
                                real property.
                          ``(iii) Supplement, not supplant.--A 
                        local educational agency shall use 
                        funds provided under an emergency grant 
                        or modernization grant awarded under 
                        this subsection only to supplement the 
                        amount of funds that would, in the 
                        absence of the Federal funds provided 
                        under the grant, be made available from 
                        non-Federal sources to carry out 
                        emergency repairs of school facilities 
                        or to carry out the modernization of 
                        school facilities, as the case may be, 
                        and not to supplant such funds.
                          ``(iv) Maintenance costs.--Nothing in 
                        this subsection shall be construed to 
                        authorize the payment of maintenance 
                        costs in connection with any school 
                        facility modernized in whole or in part 
                        with Federal funds provided under this 
                        subsection.
                          ``(v) Environmental safeguards.--All 
                        projects carried out with Federal funds 
                        provided under this subsection shall 
                        comply with all relevant Federal, 
                        State, and local environmental laws and 
                        regulations.
                          ``(vi) Carry-over of certain 
                        applications.--A local educational 
                        agency that applies for an emergency 
                        grant or a modernization grant under 
                        this subsection for a fiscal year and 
                        does not receive the grant for the 
                        fiscal year shall have the application 
                        for the grant considered for the 
                        following fiscal year, subject to the 
                        priority requirements of paragraph (2) 
                        and the award criteria requirements of 
                        paragraph (4).
                  ``(B) Emergency grants; prohibition on use of 
                funds.--A local educational agency that is 
                awarded an emergency grant under this 
                subsection may not use amounts under the grant 
                for the complete or partial replacement of an 
                existing school facility unless such 
                replacement is less expensive or more cost-
                effective than correcting the identified 
                emergency.
          ``(6) Application.--A local educational agency that 
        desires to receive an emergency grant or a 
        modernization grant under this subsection shall submit 
        an application to the Secretary at such time, in such 
        manner, and accompanied by such information as the 
        Secretary may require. Each application shall contain 
        the following:
                  ``(A) A description of how the local 
                educational agency meets the award criteria 
                under paragraph (4), including the information 
                described in clauses (i) through (iv) of 
                paragraph (4)(A) and subparagraphs (B) and (C) 
                of paragraph (4).
                  ``(B) In the case of an application for an 
                emergency grant--
                          ``(i) a description of the school 
                        facility deficiency that poses a health 
                        or safety hazard to the occupants of 
                        the facility and a description of how 
                        the deficiency will be repaired; and
                          ``(ii) a signed statement from an 
                        appropriate local official certifying 
                        that a deficiency in the school 
                        facility threatens the health or safety 
                        of the occupants of the facility or 
                        that prevents the use of all or a 
                        portion of the building.
                  ``(C) In the case of an application for a 
                modernization grant--
                          ``(i) an explanation of the need for 
                        the school facility modernization 
                        project;
                          ``(ii) the date on which original 
                        construction of the facility to be 
                        modernized was completed;
                          ``(iii) a listing of the school 
                        facilities to be modernized, including 
                        the number and percentage of children 
                        determined under section 8003(a)(1) in 
                        average daily attendance in each school 
                        facility; and
                          ``(iv) a description of the ownership 
                        of the property on which the current 
                        school facility is located or on which 
                        the planned school facility will be 
                        located.
                  ``(D) A description of the project for which 
                a grant under this subsection will be used, 
                including a cost estimate for the project.
                  ``(E) A description of the interest in, or 
                authority over, the school facility involved, 
                such as an ownership interest or a lease 
                arrangement.
                  ``(F) Such other information and assurances 
                as the Secretary may reasonably require.
          ``(7) Report.--
                  ``(A) In general.--Not later than January 1 
                of each year, the Secretary shall prepare and 
                submit to the appropriate congressional 
                committees a report that contains a 
                justification for each grant awarded under this 
                subsection for the prior fiscal year.
                  ``(B) Definition.--In this paragraph, the 
                term `appropriate congressional committees' 
                means--
                          ``(i) the Committee on Appropriations 
                        and the Committee on Education and the 
                        Workforce of the House of 
                        Representatives; and
                          ``(ii) the Committee on 
                        Appropriations and the Committee on 
                        Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions 
                        of the Senate.''.
                              ----------                              


20. An Amendment To Be Offered by Representative Garrett of New Jersey 
               or His Designee, Debatable for 10 Minutes

  Page 475, after line 19, insert the following new section:

``SEC. 5530. PROHIBITION ON REQUIRING STATE PARTICIPATION.

  ``Any State that opts out of receiving funds, or that has not 
been awarded funds, under one or more programs under this Act 
shall not be required to carry out any of the requirements of 
such program or programs, and nothing in this Act shall be 
construed to require a State to participate in any program 
under this Act.''.
                              ----------                              


 21. An Amendment To Be Offered by Representative Broun of Georgia or 
                 His Designee, Debatable for 10 Minutes

  Page 481, line 19, strike ``and''.
  Page 481, line 22, strike the period and insert ``; and''.
  Page 481, after line 22, insert the following:
                  ``(D) the average salary of the employees 
                described in subparagraph (B) whose positions 
                were eliminated; and
                  ``(E) the average salary of the full-time 
                equivalent employees who work on or administer 
                a program or project authorized under this Act 
                by the Department, disaggregated by employee 
                function with each such program or project.''.
                              ----------                              


22. An Amendment To Be Offered by Representative Culberson of Texas or 
                 His Designee, Debatable for 10 Minutes

  Page 481, after line 22, insert the following new subpart:

``Subpart 4--Restoration of State Sovereignty Over Public Education and 
          Parental Rights Over the Education of Their Children

``SEC. 5561. STATES TO RETAIN RIGHTS AND AUTHORITIES THEY DO NOT 
                    EXPRESSLY WAIVE.

  ``(a) Retention of Rights and Authorities.--No officer, 
employee, or other authority of the Secretary shall enforce 
against an authority of a State, nor shall any authority of a 
State have any obligation to obey, any requirement imposed as a 
condition of receiving assistance under a grant program 
established under this Act, nor shall such program operate 
within a State, unless the legislature of that State shall have 
by law expressly approved that program and, in doing so, have 
waived the State's rights and authorities to act inconsistently 
with any requirement that might be imposed by the Secretary as 
a condition of receiving that assistance.
  ``(b) Amendment of Terms of Receipt of Federal Financial 
Assistance.--An officer, employee, or other authority of the 
Secretary may release assistance under a grant program 
established under this Act to a State only after the 
legislature of the State has by law expressly approved the 
program (as described in subsection (a)). This approval may be 
accomplished by a vote to affirm a State budget that includes 
the use of such Federal funds and any such State budget must 
expressly include any requirement imposed as a condition of 
receiving assistance under a grant program established under 
this Act so that by approving the budget, the State legislature 
is expressly approving the grant program and, in doing so, 
waiving the State's rights and authorities to act 
inconsistently with any requirement that might be imposed by 
the Secretary as a condition of receiving that assistance.
  ``(c) Special Rule for States With Biennial Legislatures.--In 
the case of a State with a biennial legislature--
          ``(1) during a year in which the State legislature 
        does not meet, subsections (a) and (b) shall not apply; 
        and
          ``(2) during a year in which the State legislature 
        meets, subsections (a) and (b) shall apply, and, with 
        respect to any grant program established under this Act 
        during the most recent year in which the State 
        legislature did not meet, the State may by law 
        expressly disapprove the grant program, and, if such 
        disapproval occurs, an officer, employee, or other 
        authority of the Secretary may not release any 
        additional assistance to the State under that grant 
        program.
  ``(d) Definition of State Authority.--As used in this 
section, the term `authority of a State' includes any 
administering agency of the State, any officer or employee of 
the State, and any local government authority of the State.
  ``(e) Effective Date.--This section applies in each State 
beginning on the 90th day after the end of the first regular 
session of the legislature of that State that begins 5 years 
after the date of the enactment of the Student Success Act and 
shall continue to apply in subsequent years until otherwise 
provided by law.

``SEC. 5562. DEDICATION OF SAVINGS TO DEFICIT REDUCTION.

  ``Notwithstanding any formula reallocations stipulated under 
the Student Success Act, any funds under such Act not allocated 
to a State because a State did not affirmatively agree to the 
receipt of such funds shall not be reallocated among the 
States.

``SEC. 5563. DEFINITION OF STATE WITH BIENNIAL LEGISLATURE.

  ``In this Act, the term `State with a biennial legislature' 
means a State the legislature of which meets every other year.

``SEC. 5564. INTENT OF CONGRESS.

  ``It is the intent of Congress that other than the terms and 
conditions expressly approved by State law under the terms of 
this subpart, control over public education and parental rights 
to control the education of their children are vested 
exclusively within the autonomous zone of independent authority 
reserved to the States and individual Americans by the United 
States Constitution, other than the Federal Government's 
undiminishable obligation to enforce minimum Federal standards 
of equal protection and due process.''.
                              ----------                              


    23. An Amendment To Be Offered by Representative Fitzpatrick of 
         Pennsylvania or His Designee, Debatable for 10 Minutes

  At the end of subpart 3 of part E of title V of the 
Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965, as proposed to 
be amended by section 501 of the bill, add the following new 
section:

``SEC. 5552. CRIMINAL BACKGROUND CHECKS.

  ``(a) Condition of Receipt of Funds.--A local educational 
agency or State educational agency shall be ineligible for 
funds under this Act if such agency--
          ``(1) employs an individual who--
                  ``(A) refuses to consent to a criminal 
                background check that includes--
                          ``(i) a search of the State criminal 
                        registry or repository in the State 
                        where the individual resides and each 
                        State where such individual previously 
                        resided;
                          ``(ii) a search of State-based child 
                        abuse and neglect registries and 
                        databases in the State where the 
                        individual resides and each State where 
                        such individual previously resided;
                          ``(iii) a search of the National 
                        Crime Information Center;
                          ``(iv) a Federal Bureau of 
                        Investigation fingerprint check using 
                        the Integrated Automated Fingerprint 
                        Identification System; and
                          ``(v) a search of the National Sex 
                        Offender Registry established under the 
                        Adam Walsh Child Protection and Safety 
                        Act of 2006 (42 U.S.C. 16901 et seq.);
                  ``(B) makes a false statement in connection 
                with such criminal background check;
                  ``(C) is registered or is required to be 
                registered on a State sex offender registry or 
                the National Sex Offender Registry established 
                under the Adam Walsh Child Protection and 
                Safety Act of 2006 (42 U.S.C. 16901 et seq.); 
                or
                  ``(D) has been convicted of a felony 
                consisting of--
                          ``(i) homicide;
                          ``(ii) child abuse or neglect;
                          ``(iii) a crime against children, 
                        including child pornography;
                          ``(iv) domestic violence;
                          ``(v) a crime involving rape or 
                        sexual assault;
                          ``(vi) kidnapping;
                          ``(vii) arson; or
                          ``(viii) physical assault, battery, 
                        or a drug-related offense, committed on 
                        or after the date that is 5 years 
                        before the date of the individual's 
                        criminal background check under this 
                        section; or
          ``(2) knowingly facilitates the transfer of an 
        employee if the agency knows, or has probable cause to 
        believe, that the employee engaged in sexual misconduct 
        with a student.
  ``(b) Fees for Background Checks.--The Attorney General or a 
State may charge any applicable fees for conducting a criminal 
background check under this section.''.
  At the end of the bill add the following:

                  TITLE VIII--MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS

SEC. 801. FINDINGS; SENSE OF THE CONGRESS.

  (a) Findings.--The Congress finds as follows:
          (1) To avoid negative attention and litigation, some 
        local educational agencies have entered into agreements 
        with employees who are suspected of abusing or are 
        known to have abused students.
          (2) Instead of reporting sexual misconduct with 
        minors to the proper authorities such as the police or 
        child welfare services, under such agreements the local 
        educational agencies, schools, and employees keep the 
        information private and facilitate the employee's 
        transfer to another local educational agency.
  (b) Sense of the Congress.--It is the sense of the Congress 
that--
          (1) confidentiality agreements between local 
        educational agencies or schools and suspected child sex 
        abusers should be prohibited;
          (2) the practice of employee transfers after 
        suspected or proven sexual misconduct should be 
        stopped, and States should require local educational 
        agencies and schools to provide law enforcement with 
        all information regarding sexual conduct between an 
        employee and a minor; and
          (3) Congress should help protect children and help 
        stop this unacceptable practice in our schools.
                              ----------                              


 24. An Amendment To Be Offered by Representative Jackson Lee of Texas 
               or Her Designee, Debatable for 10 Minutes

  At the end of the bill add the following:

                  TITLE VIII--MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS

SEC. 801. STUDY AND REPORT.

  (a) Study.--The Secretary shall conduct a study on--
          (1) the use of State educational agencies to monitor, 
        supervise, or control underperforming local educational 
        agencies; and
          (2) whether equal educational opportunities are being 
        provided to students in the local educational agencies 
        described in paragraph (1), and the impact the use of 
        State educational agencies as described in such 
        paragraph would have on such opportunities.
  (b) Report.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall report to Congress 
the results of the study conducted under subsection (a). Such 
report shall include recommendations regarding--
          (1) the advisability of authorizing a State 
        educational agency to close a local educational agency 
        over the opposition of a locally elected school board; 
        and
          (2) best practices governing the exercise of 
        authority by a State educational agency in monitoring, 
        supervising, and controlling underperforming local 
        educational agencies, with particular emphasis on rural 
        local educational agencies and urban local educational 
        agencies that are disproportionately minority.
                              ----------                              


25. An Amendment To Be Offered by Representative Cantor of Virginia or 
                 His Designee, Debatable for 10 Minutes

  Insert after section 128, the following new section:

SEC. 129. TITLE I PORTABILITY.

  Chapter B of subpart 1 of part A of title I (20 U.S.C. 6331 
et seq.) is amended by adding at the end the following new 
section:

``SEC. 1128. TITLE I FUNDS FOLLOW THE LOW-INCOME CHILD STATE OPTION.

  ``(a) In General.--Notwithstanding any other provision of law 
and to the extent permitted under State law, a State 
educational agency may allocate grant funds under this chapter 
among the local educational agencies in the State based on the 
number of eligible children enrolled in the public schools 
served by each local educational agency.
  ``(b) Eligible Child.--
          ``(1) Definition.--In this section, the term 
        `eligible child' means a child aged 5 to 17, inclusive, 
        from a family with an income below the poverty level on 
        the basis of the most recent satisfactory data 
        published by the Department of Commerce.
          ``(2) Criteria of poverty.--In determining the 
        families with incomes below the poverty level for the 
        purposes of this section, a State educational agency 
        shall use the criteria of poverty used by the Census 
        Bureau in compiling the most recent decennial census, 
        as the criteria have been updated by increases in the 
        Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers, published 
        by the Bureau of Labor Statistics.
  ``(c) Student Enrollment in Public Schools.--
          ``(1) Identification of eligible children.--On an 
        annual basis, on a date to be determined by the State 
        educational agency, each local educational agency that 
        receives grant funding in accordance with subsection 
        (a) shall inform the State educational agency of the 
        number of eligible children enrolled in public schools 
        served by the local educational agency.
          ``(2) Allocation to local educational agencies.--
        Based on the identification of eligible children in 
        paragraph (1), the State educational agency shall 
        provide to a local educational agency an amount equal 
        to the sum of the amount available for each eligible 
        child in the State multiplied by the number of eligible 
        children identified by the local educational agency 
        under paragraph (1).
          ``(3) Distribution to schools.--Each local 
        educational agency that receives funds under paragraph 
        (2) shall distribute such funds to the public schools 
        served by the local educational agency--
                  ``(A) based on the number of eligible 
                children enrolled in such schools; and
                  ``(B) in a manner that would, in the absence 
                of such Federal funds, supplement the funds 
                made available from non-Federal resources for 
                the education of pupils participating in 
                programs under this subpart, and not to 
                supplant such funds.''.
                              ----------                              


 26. An Amendment To Be Offered by Representative Miller of California 
               or His Designee, Debatable for 20 Minutes

    Strike the text and insert the following:

SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.

  This Act may be cited as the ``Student Success Act''.

SEC. 2. REFERENCES.

  Except as otherwise expressly provided, whenever in this Act 
an amendment or repeal is expressed in terms of an amendment 
to, or repeal of, a section or other provision, the reference 
shall be considered to be made to a section or other provision 
of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 (20 
U.S.C. 6301 et seq.).

SEC. 3. TABLE OF CONTENTS.

  The table of contents for this Act is as follows:

Sec. 1. Short title.
Sec. 2. References.
Sec. 3. Table of contents.

    TITLE I--IMPROVING THE ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT OF THE DISADVANTAGED

Sec. 101. Statement of purpose.
Sec. 102. Authorization of appropriations.
Sec. 103. State plans.
Sec. 104. Eligible school attendance areas.
Sec. 105. Academic assessment and local educational agency and school 
          improvement; school support and recognition.
Sec. 106. Parental involvement.
Sec. 107. Comparable allocation of expenditures.
Sec. 108. Coordination requirements.
Sec. 109. Reservation of funds for the outlying areas and Bureau of 
          Indian Education schools.
Sec. 110. Support for high-quality assessments.

                     TITLE II--TEACHERS AND LEADERS

Sec. 201. Great teachers and leaders.
Sec. 202. HEA conforming amendments.

   TITLE III--LANGUAGE INSTRUCTION FOR LIMITED ENGLISH PROFICIENT AND 
                           IMMIGRANT STUDENTS

Sec. 301. Language instruction.

                     TITLE IV--21ST CENTURY SCHOOLS

Sec. 401. 21st Century schools.

           TITLE V--WELL-ROUNDED STUDENTS AND ENGAGED FAMILIES

                   Subtitle A--Public Charter Schools

Sec. 501. Purpose.
Sec. 502. Program authorized.
Sec. 503. Grants to support high-quality charter schools.
Sec. 504. Facilities Financing Assistance.
Sec. 505. National activities.
Sec. 506. Records transfer.
Sec. 507. Definitions.
Sec. 508. Authorization of appropriations.
Sec. 509. Conforming amendments.

            Subtitle B--Fund for the Improvement of Education

Sec. 511. Fund for the Improvement of Education.

           Subtitle C--Family Engagement in Education Programs

Sec. 521. Family engagement in education programs.

                TITLE VI--FLEXIBILITY AND ACCOUNTABILITY

Sec. 601. Flexibility and accountability.

     TITLE VII--INDIAN, NATIVE HAWAIIAN, AND ALASKA NATIVE EDUCATION

Sec. 701. In general.

                      Subtitle A--Indian Education

Sec. 711. Purpose.

          Part 1--Formula Grants to Local Educational Agencies

Sec. 721. Formula grant purpose.
Sec. 722. Grants to local educational agencies, tribes, and indian 
          organizations.
Sec. 723. Amount of grants.
Sec. 724. Applications.
Sec. 725. Authorized services and activities.
Sec. 726. Student eligibility forms.
Sec. 727. Technical assistance.

      Part 2--Special Programs and Projects to Improve Educational 
                    Opportunities for Indian Children

Sec. 731. Professional development for teachers and education 
          professionals.

                       Part 3--National Activities

Sec. 741. National activities.
Sec. 742. Improvement of academic success for students through Native 
          American language.

     Subtitle B--Native Hawaiian Education; Alaska Native Education

Sec. 751. Native Hawaiian education and Alaska Native education.
Sec. 752. Findings.
Sec. 753. Purposes.
Sec. 754. Native Hawaiian Education Council grant.
Sec. 755. Grant program authorized.
Sec. 756. Administrative provisions; authorization of appropriations.
Sec. 757. Definitions.

                         TITLE VIII--IMPACT AID

Sec. 801. Purpose.
Sec. 802. Payments relating to Federal acquisition of real property.
Sec. 803. Payments for eligible federally connected children.
Sec. 804. Policies and procedures relating to children residing on 
          Indian lands.
Sec. 805. Application for payments under sections 8002 and 8003.
Sec. 806. Construction.
Sec. 807. Facilities.
Sec. 808. State consideration of payments providing State aid.
Sec. 809. Administrative hearings and judicial review.
Sec. 810. Definitions.
Sec. 811. Authorization of appropriations.
Sec. 812. Conforming amendments.

                      TITLE IX--GENERAL PROVISIONS

Sec. 900. General amendments.

    Subtitle A--Protecting Students From Sexual and Violent Predators

Sec. 901. Background checks.
Sec. 902. Conforming amendment.

                    Subtitle B--Evaluation Authority

Sec. 911. Evaluation authority.

                  Subtitle C--Keeping All Students Safe

Sec. 911. Keeping All Students Safe.

        Subtitle D--Protecting Student Athletes From Concussions

Sec. 931. Protecting Student Athletes from Concussions.

           TITLE X--EDUCATION FOR HOMELESS CHILDREN AND YOUTHS

Sec. 1001. Education for Homeless Children and Youths.

    TITLE I--IMPROVING THE ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT OF THE DISADVANTAGED

SEC. 101. STATEMENT OF PURPOSE.

  Section 1001 (20 U.S.C. 6301) is amended to read as follows:

``SEC. 1001. STATEMENT OF PURPOSE.

  ``The purpose of this title is to ensure that all children 
have a fair, equal, and significant opportunity to obtain a 
high-quality education and to graduate ready to succeed in 
college and the workforce by--
          ``(1) meeting the educational needs of low-achieving 
        children in our Nation's highest-poverty schools, 
        English learners, migrant children, children with 
        disabilities, Indian children, and neglected or 
        delinquent children;
          ``(2) ensuring high-quality college and career ready 
        standards, academic assessments, accountability 
        systems, teacher preparation and training, curriculum, 
        and instructional materials are developed and 
        implemented to prepare students to compete in the 
        global economy;
          ``(3) closing the achievement gap between high- and 
        low-performing children, especially between minority 
        and nonminority students and between disadvantaged 
        children and their more advantaged peers;
          ``(4) holding schools, local educational agencies, 
        and States accountable for improving the academic 
        achievement for all students including the mastery of 
        content knowledge and the ability to think critically, 
        solve problems, and communicate effectively, ensuring 
        all students graduate ready to succeed in college and 
        the workforce;
          ``(5) distributing and targeting resources to support 
        local educational agencies and schools with the 
        greatest need;
          ``(6) improving and maintaining accountability for 
        student achievement and graduation rates, and 
        increasing local flexibility and authority to improve 
        schools; and
          ``(7) ensuring parents have substantial and 
        meaningful opportunities to participate in the 
        education of their children.''.

SEC. 102. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

  Section 1002 (20 U.S.C. 6302) is amended--
          (1) by amending subsection (a) to read as follows:
  ``(a) Local Educational Agency Grants.--For the purpose of 
carrying out part A, there are authorized to be appropriated 
$30,000,000,000 for fiscal year 2014 and such sums as may be 
necessary for each of the 5 succeeding fiscal years.'';
          (2) in subsection (c)--
                  (A) by striking ``$410,000,000'' and 
                inserting ``$500,000,000''; and
                  (B) by striking ``2002'' and inserting 
                ``2014''; and
          (3) in subsection (d)--
                  (A) by striking ``$50,000,000'' and inserting 
                ``$55,000,000''; and
                  (B) by striking ``2002'' and inserting 
                ``2014''.

SEC. 103. STATE PLANS.

  Section 1111 (20 U.S.C. 6311) is amended to read as follows:

``SEC. 1111. STATE PLAN.

  ``(a) Plans Required.--
          ``(1) In general.--For any State desiring to receive 
        a grant under this part, the State educational agency 
        shall submit to the Secretary a plan, developed by the 
        State educational agency, in consultation with 
        representatives of local educational agencies, 
        teachers, school leaders, specialized instructional 
        support personnel, early childhood education providers, 
        parents, community organizations, communities 
        representing underserved populations, and Indian 
        tribes, that satisfies the requirements of this 
        section, and that is coordinated with other programs of 
        this Act, the Individuals with Disabilities Education 
        Act, the Carl D. Perkins Career and Technical Education 
        Act of 2006, the Head Start Act, the Adult Education 
        and Family Literacy Act, and the McKinney-Vento 
        Homeless Assistance Act.
          ``(2) Consolidated plan.--A State plan submitted 
        under paragraph (1) may be submitted as a part of a 
        consolidated plan under section 9302.
  ``(b) College and Career Ready Content Standards, 
Assessments, and Achievement Standards.--
          ``(1) General requirements.--Each State plan shall 
        include evidence that the State's college and career 
        ready content standards, assessments, and achievement 
        standards under this subsection are--
                  ``(A) vertically aligned from kindergarten 
                through grade 12; and
                  ``(B) developed and implemented to ensure 
                that proficiency in the content standards will 
                signify that a student is on-track to graduate 
                prepared for--
                          ``(i) according to written 
                        affirmation from the State's public 
                        institutions of higher education, 
                        placement in credit-bearing, 
                        nonremedial courses at the 2-and 4-year 
                        public institutions of higher education 
                        in the State; and
                          ``(ii) success on relevant State 
                        career and technical education 
                        standards.
          ``(2) College and career ready content standards.--
                  ``(A) In general.--Each State plan shall 
                demonstrate that, not later than the 2013-2014 
                school year the State educational agency will 
                adopt and implement high-quality, college and 
                career ready content standards that comply with 
                this paragraph.
                  ``(B) Subjects.--The State educational agency 
                shall have such high-quality, academic content 
                standards for students in kindergarten through 
                grade 12 for, at a minimum, English language 
                arts, math, and science.
                  ``(C) Elements.--College and career ready 
                content standards under this paragraph shall--
                          ``(i) be developed through 
                        participation in a State-led process 
                        that engages--
                                  ``(I) kindergarten through-
                                grade-12 education experts 
                                (including teachers and 
                                educational leaders); and
                                  ``(II) representatives of 
                                institutions of higher 
                                education, the business 
                                community, and the early 
                                learning community;
                          ``(ii) be rigorous, internationally 
                        benchmarked, and evidence-based, 
                        requiring students to demonstrate the 
                        ability to think critically, solve 
                        problems, and communicate effectively;
                          ``(iii) be either--
                                  ``(I) validated, including 
                                through written affirmation 
                                from the State's public 
                                institutions of higher 
                                education, to ensure that 
                                proficiency in the content 
                                standards will signify that a 
                                student is on-track to graduate 
                                prepared for--
                                          ``(aa) placement in 
                                        credit-bearing, 
                                        nonremedial courses at 
                                        the 2-and 4-year public 
                                        institutions of higher 
                                        education in the State; 
                                        and
                                          ``(bb) success on 
                                        relevant State career 
                                        and technical education 
                                        standards; or
                                  ``(II) State-developed and 
                                voluntarily adopted by a 
                                significant number of States;
                          ``(iv) for standards from 
                        kindergarten through grade 3, reflect 
                        progression in how children develop and 
                        learn the requisite skills and content 
                        from earlier grades (including 
                        preschool) to later grades; and
                          ``(v) apply to all schools and 
                        students in the State.
                  ``(D) English language proficiency 
                standards.--Each State educational agency shall 
                develop and implement statewide, high-quality 
                English language proficiency standards that--
                          ``(i) are aligned with the State's 
                        academic content standards;
                          ``(ii) reflect the academic language 
                        that is required for success on the 
                        State educational agency's academic 
                        content assessments;
                          ``(iii) predict success on the 
                        applicable grade level English language 
                        arts content assessment;
                          ``(iv) ensure proficiency in each of 
                        the domains of speaking, listening, 
                        reading, and writing in the appropriate 
                        amount of time; and
                          ``(v) address the different 
                        proficiency levels of English learners.
                  ``(E) Early learning standards.--The State 
                educational agency shall, in collaboration with 
                the State agencies responsible for overseeing 
                early care and education programs and the State 
                early care and education advisory council, 
                develop and implement early learning standards 
                across all major domains of development for 
                preschoolers that--
                          ``(i) demonstrate alignment with the 
                        State academic content standards;
                          ``(ii) are implemented through 
                        dissemination, training, and other 
                        means to applicable early care and 
                        education programs;
                          ``(iii) reflect research and 
                        evidence-based developmental and 
                        learning expectations;
                          ``(iv) inform teaching practices and 
                        professional development and services; 
                        and
                          ``(v) for preschool age children, 
                        appropriately assist in the transition 
                        to kindergarten.
                  ``(F) Assurance.--Each State plan shall 
                include an assurance that the State has 
                implemented the same content standards for all 
                students in the same grade and does not have a 
                policy of using different content standards for 
                any student subgroup.
          ``(3) High-quality assessments.--
                  ``(A) In general.--Each State plan shall 
                demonstrate that the State educational agency 
                will adopt and implement high-quality 
                assessments in English language arts, math, and 
                science not later than the 2014-2015 school 
                year that comply with this paragraph.
                  ``(B) Elements.--Such assessments shall--
                          ``(i) be valid, reliable, 
                        appropriate, and of adequate technical 
                        quality for each purpose required under 
                        this Act, and be consistent with 
                        relevant, nationally recognized 
                        professional and technical standards;
                          ``(ii) measure the knowledge and 
                        skills necessary to demonstrate 
                        proficiency in the academic content 
                        standards under paragraph (2) for the 
                        grade in which the student is enrolled;
                          ``(iii) be developed as part of a 
                        system of assessments providing data 
                        (including individual student 
                        achievement data and individual student 
                        growth data), that shall be used to--
                                  ``(I) improve teaching, 
                                learning, and program outcomes; 
                                and
                                  ``(II) make determinations of 
                                individual principal and 
                                teacher effectiveness for the 
                                purposes of evaluation and 
                                professional development under 
                                title II;
                          ``(iv) be used in determining the 
                        performance of each local educational 
                        agency and school in the State in 
                        accordance with the State's 
                        accountability system under subsection 
                        (c);
                          ``(v) provide an accurate measure 
                        of--
                                  ``(I) student achievement at 
                                all levels of student 
                                performance; and
                                  ``(II) student academic 
                                growth;
                          ``(vi) allow for complex 
                        demonstrations or applications of 
                        knowledge and skills including the 
                        ability to think critically, solve 
                        problems, and communicate effectively;
                          ``(vii) be accessible for all 
                        students, including students with 
                        disabilities and English learners, by--
                                  ``(I) incorporating 
                                principles of universal design 
                                as defined by section 3(a) of 
                                the Assistive Technology Act of 
                                1998 (29 U.S.C. 3002(a)); and
                                  ``(II) being interoperable 
                                when using any digital 
                                assessment, such as computer-
                                based and online assessments.
                          ``(viii) provide for accommodations, 
                        including for computer-based and online 
                        assessments, for students with 
                        disabilities and English learners to 
                        provide a valid and reliable measure of 
                        such students' achievement;
                          ``(ix) produce individual student 
                        interpretive, descriptive, and 
                        diagnostic reports that allow parents, 
                        teachers, and school leaders to 
                        understand and address the specific 
                        academic needs of students, and include 
                        information regarding achievement on 
                        academic assessments, and that are 
                        provided to parents, teachers, and 
                        school leaders, as soon as is 
                        practicable after the assessment is 
                        given, in an understandable and uniform 
                        format, and to the extent practicable, 
                        in a language that parents can 
                        understand; and
                          ``(x) may be partially delivered in 
                        the form of portfolios, projects, or 
                        extended performance tasks as long as 
                        such assessments meet the requirements 
                        of this subsection.
                  ``(C) Administration.--Such assessments 
                shall--
                          ``(i) be administered to all 
                        students, including all subgroups 
                        described in subsection (c)(3)(A), in 
                        the same grade level for each content 
                        area assessed, except as provided under 
                        subparagraph (E), through--
                                  ``(I) a single summative 
                                assessment each school year; or
                                  ``(II) multiple statewide 
                                assessments over the course of 
                                the school year that result in 
                                a single summative score that 
                                provides valid, reliable, and 
                                transparent information on 
                                student achievement for each 
                                tested content area in each 
                                grade level;
                          ``(ii) for English language arts and 
                        math--
                                  ``(I) be administered 
                                annually, at a minimum, for 
                                students in grade 3 through 
                                grade 8; and
                                  ``(II) be administered at 
                                least once, but not earlier 
                                than 11th grade for students in 
                                grades 9 through grade 12; and
                          ``(iii) for science, be administered 
                        at least once during grades 3 through 
                        5, grades 6 through 8, and grades 9 
                        through 12.
                  ``(D) Native language assessments.--Each 
                State educational agency with at least 10,000 
                English learners, at least 25 percent of which 
                speak the same language that is not English, 
                shall adopt and implement native language 
                assessments for that language consistent with 
                State law. Such assessments shall be for 
                students--
                          ``(i) for whom the academic 
                        assessment in the student's native 
                        language would likely yield more 
                        accurate and reliable information about 
                        such student's content knowledge;
                          ``(ii) who are literate in the native 
                        language and have received formal 
                        education in such language; or
                          ``(iii) who are enrolled in a 
                        bilingual or dual language program and 
                        the native language assessment is 
                        consistent with such program's language 
                        of instruction.
                  ``(E) Alternate assessments for students with 
                the most significant cognitive disabilities.--
                In the case of a State educational agency that 
                adopts alternate achievement standards for 
                students with the most significant cognitive 
                disabilities described in paragraph (4)(D), the 
                State shall adopt and implement high-quality 
                statewide alternate assessments aligned to such 
                alternate achievement standards that meet the 
                requirements of subparagraphs (B) and (C), so 
                long as the State ensures that in the State the 
                total number of students in each grade level 
                assessed in each subject does not exceed the 
                cap established under subsection 
                (c)(3)(E)(iii)(II).
                  ``(F) English language proficiency 
                assessments.--Each State educational agency 
                shall adopt and implement statewide English 
                language proficiency assessments that--
                          ``(i) are administered annually and 
                        aligned with the State's English 
                        language proficiency standards and 
                        academic content standards;
                          ``(ii) are accessible, valid, and 
                        reliable;
                          ``(iii) measure proficiency in 
                        reading, listening, speaking, and 
                        writing in English both individually 
                        and collectively;
                          ``(iv) assess progress and growth on 
                        language and content acquisition; and
                          ``(v) allow for the local educational 
                        agency to retest a student in the 
                        individual domain areas that the 
                        student did not pass, unless the 
                        student is newly entering a school in 
                        the State, or is in the third, fifth, 
                        or eighth grades.
                  ``(G) Special rule with respect to bureau 
                funded schools.--In determining the assessments 
                to be used by each school operated or funded by 
                the Department of the Interior's Bureau of 
                Indian Education receiving funds under this 
                part, the following shall apply:
                          ``(i) Each such school that is 
                        accredited by the State in which it is 
                        operating shall use the assessments the 
                        State has developed and implemented to 
                        meet the requirements of this section, 
                        or such other appropriate assessment as 
                        approved by the Secretary of the 
                        Interior.
                          ``(ii) Each such school that is 
                        accredited by a regional accrediting 
                        organization shall adopt an appropriate 
                        assessment, in consultation with and 
                        with the approval of, the Secretary of 
                        the Interior and consistent with 
                        assessments adopted by other schools in 
                        the same State or region, that meets 
                        the requirements of this section.
                          ``(iii) Each such school that is 
                        accredited by a tribal accrediting 
                        agency or tribal division of education 
                        shall use an assessment developed by 
                        such agency or division, except that 
                        the Secretary of the Interior shall 
                        ensure that such assessment meets the 
                        requirements of this section.
                  ``(H) Assurance.--Each State plan shall 
                include an assurance that the State educational 
                agency will conduct an inventory of statewide 
                and local educational agency-wide student 
                assessments, including an analysis of 
                assessment purposes, practices, and use, and a 
                description of the actions the State will take 
                to reduce duplicative assessments.
                  ``(I) Accommodations.--Each State plan shall 
                describe the accommodations for English 
                learners and students with disabilities on the 
                assessments used by the State and include 
                evidence of their effectiveness in maintaining 
                valid results for the appropriate population.
                  ``(J) Adaptive assessments.--In the case of a 
                State educational agency that develops and 
                administers computer adaptive assessments, such 
                assessments shall meet the requirements of this 
                paragraph, and must measure, at a minimum, each 
                student's academic proficiency against the 
                State's content standards as described in 
                paragraph (2) for the grade in which the 
                student is enrolled.
          ``(4) College and career ready achievement and growth 
        standards.--
                  ``(A) In general.--Each State plan shall 
                demonstrate that the State will adopt and 
                implement college and career ready achievement 
                standards in English language arts, math, and 
                science by the 2013-2014 school year that 
                comply with this paragraph.
                  ``(B) Elements.--Such academic achievement 
                standards shall establish at a minimum, 3 
                levels of student achievement that describe how 
                well a student is demonstrating proficiency in 
                the State's academic content standards that 
                differentiate levels of performance to--
                          ``(i) describe 2 levels of high 
                        achievement (on-target and advanced) 
                        that indicate, at a minimum, that a 
                        student is proficient in the academic 
                        content standards under paragraph (2) 
                        as measured by the performance on 
                        assessments under paragraph (3); and
                          ``(ii) describe a third level of 
                        achievement (catch-up) that provides 
                        information about the progress of a 
                        student toward becoming proficient in 
                        the academic content standards under 
                        paragraph (2) as measured by the 
                        performance on assessments under 
                        paragraph (3).
                  ``(C) Vertical alignment.--Such achievement 
                standards are vertically aligned to ensure a 
                student who achieves at the on-target or 
                advanced levels under subparagraph (B)(i) 
                signifies that student is on-track to graduate 
                prepared for--
                          ``(i) placement in credit-bearing, 
                        nonremedial courses at the 2- and 4-
                        year public institutions of higher 
                        education in the State; and
                          ``(ii) success on relevant State 
                        career and technical education 
                        standards.
                  ``(D) Alternate achievement standards.--If a 
                State educational agency adopts alternate 
                achievement standards for students with the 
                most significant cognitive disabilities, such 
                academic achievement standards shall establish, 
                at a minimum, 3 levels of student achievement 
                that describe how well a student is 
                demonstrating proficiency in the State's 
                academic content standards that--
                          ``(i) are aligned to the State's 
                        college and career ready content 
                        standards under paragraph (2);
                          ``(ii) are vertically aligned to 
                        ensure that a student who achieves at 
                        the on-target or advanced level under 
                        clause (v)(I) signifies that the 
                        student is on-track to access a 
                        postsecondary education or career;
                          ``(ii) reflect concepts and skills 
                        that students should know and 
                        understand for each grade;
                          ``(iv) are supported by evidence-
                        based learning progressions to age and 
                        grade-level performance; and
                          ``(v) establish, at a minimum--
                                  ``(I) 2 levels of high 
                                achievement (on-target and 
                                advanced) that indicate, at a 
                                minimum, that a student with 
                                the most significant cognitive 
                                disabilities is proficient in 
                                the academic content standards 
                                under paragraph (2) as measured 
                                by the performance on 
                                assessments under paragraph 
                                (3)(E); and
                                  ``(II) a third level of 
                                achievement (catch-up) that 
                                provides information about the 
                                progress of a student with the 
                                most significant cognitive 
                                disabilities toward becoming 
                                proficient in the academic 
                                content standards under 
                                paragraph (2) as measured by 
                                the performance on assessments 
                                under paragraph (3)(E).
                  ``(E) Student growth standards.--Each State 
                plan shall demonstrate that the State will 
                adopt and implement student growth standards 
                for students in the assessed grades that comply 
                with this subparagraph, as follows:
                          ``(i) On-target and advanced 
                        levels.--For a student who is achieving 
                        at the on-target or advanced level of 
                        achievement, the student growth 
                        standard is not less than the rate of 
                        academic growth necessary for the 
                        student to remain at that level of 
                        student achievement for not less than 3 
                        years.
                          ``(ii) Catch-up level.--For a student 
                        who is achieving at the catch-up level 
                        of achievement, the student growth 
                        standard is not less than the rate of 
                        academic growth necessary for the 
                        student to achieve an on-target level 
                        of achievement by the end of the 
                        student's current grade span or within 
                        3 years, whichever occurs first.
                  ``(F) Modified achievement standards.--If a 
                State educational agency has modified 
                achievement standards in accordance with 
                section 200.1(e) of title 34, Code of Federal 
                Regulations, prior to the date of the enactment 
                the Student Success Act, the State educational 
                agency may continue to use such modified 
                achievement standards for the purposes 
                established as of the day before the date of 
                enactment of such Act through not later than 
                the implementation of the assessments under 
                paragraph (3).
          ``(5) Rule of construction.--Nothing in paragraph (3) 
        shall be construed to prescribe the use of the academic 
        assessments established pursuant to such paragraph for 
        student promotion or graduation purposes.
  ``(c) Accountability and School Improvement System.--The 
State plan shall demonstrate that not later than the 2013-2014 
school year, the State educational agency, in consultation with 
representatives of local educational agencies, teachers, school 
leaders, parents, community organizations, communities 
representing underserved populations, and Indian tribes, has 
developed a single statewide accountability and school 
improvement system (in this subsection known as the 
`accountability system') that ensures all students have the 
knowledge and skills to successfully enter the workforce or 
postsecondary education without the need for remediation by 
complying with this subsection as follows:
          ``(1) Elements.--Each State accountability system 
        shall, at a minimum--
                  ``(A) annually measure academic achievement 
                for of all students, including each subgroup 
                described in paragraph (3)(A), in each public 
                school, including each charter school, in the 
                State, including--
                          ``(i) student academic achievement in 
                        accordance with the academic 
                        achievement standards described in 
                        subsection (b)(4);
                          ``(ii) student growth in accordance 
                        with the student growth standards 
                        described in subsection (b)(4)(E); and
                          ``(iii) graduation rates in diploma 
                        granting schools;
                  ``(B) set clear performance and growth 
                targets in accordance with paragraph (2) to 
                improve the academic achievement of all 
                students as measured under subparagraph (A) of 
                this paragraph and to close achievement gaps so 
                that all students graduate ready for 
                postsecondary education and the workforce;
                  ``(C) annually differentiate performance of 
                schools based on the achievement measured under 
                subparagraph (A) and whether the schools meet 
                the performance and growth targets set under 
                paragraph (2), and identify for the purposes 
                under section 1116, at a minimum--
                          ``(i) persistently low-achieving 
                        schools that--
                                  ``(I) have the lowest 
                                performance in the local 
                                educational agency and the 
                                State using current and prior 
                                year academic achievement, 
                                growth, and graduation rate 
                                data;
                                  ``(II) have a 4-year adjusted 
                                cohort graduation rate at or 
                                below 60 percent; or
                                  ``(III) as of the date of 
                                enactment of the Student 
                                Success Act, have been 
                                identified under section 
                                1003(g);
                          ``(ii) schools in need of improvement 
                        that have not met one or more of the 
                        performance targets set under paragraph 
                        (2) for any subgroup described in 
                        paragraph (3)(A) in the same grade 
                        level and subject, for two consecutive 
                        years; and
                          ``(iii) reward schools that have--
                                  ``(I) the highest performance 
                                in the State for all students 
                                and student subgroups described 
                                in paragraph (3)(A); or
                                  ``(II) made the most progress 
                                over at least the most recent 
                                2-year period in the State in 
                                increasing student academic 
                                achievement and graduation 
                                rates for all students and 
                                student subgroups described in 
                                paragraph (3)(A);
                  ``(D) establish improvement indicators to 
                diagnose school challenges and measure school 
                progress within the improvement system 
                described in section 1116, including factors to 
                measure--
                          ``(i) student engagement, including 
                        student attendance rates, student 
                        discipline data including suspension 
                        and expulsion rates, incidents of 
                        bullying and harassment, and surveys of 
                        student engagement;
                          ``(ii) student advancement, such as 
                        student on-time promotion rates, on-
                        time credit accumulation rates, course 
                        failure rates, postsecondary entry 
                        rates, and workforce entry rates;
                          ``(iii) educator quality, such as 
                        teacher attendance, vacancies, 
                        turnover, and rates of qualified or 
                        effective teachers; and
                          ``(iv) academic learning, such as the 
                        percentage of students taking a 
                        college-preparatory curriculum, and 
                        student success on State or local 
                        educational agency end-of-course 
                        examinations; and
                  ``(E) may establish multiple measures for all 
                students described in paragraph (3)(A), 
                including as an index, to further differentiate 
                among the categories of schools described in 
                subparagraph (C) and as part of the improvement 
                system described in section 1116, which may 
                include indicators that measure--
                          ``(i) college and career readiness, 
                        such as--
                                  ``(I) credit accumulation in 
                                and completion of a college and 
                                career ready course of study 
                                aligned with admissions 
                                requirements set by 
                                institutions of higher 
                                education in the State;
                                  ``(II) participation and 
                                success on Advanced Placement 
                                (AP), International 
                                Baccalaureate (IB), SAT, 
                                WorkKeys, ASVAB, or State-
                                developed college readiness or 
                                career readiness assessments; 
                                or
                                  ``(III) college enrollment 
                                and persistence rates;
                          ``(ii) evidence of academic learning, 
                        such as--
                                  ``(I) valid and reliable 
                                academic assessments that meet 
                                the requirements of subsection 
                                (3) in subjects other than 
                                reading and math, such as 
                                science, social studies, or 
                                writing;
                                  ``(II) percentage of students 
                                successfully completing 
                                rigorous coursework that aligns 
                                with State college and career 
                                ready standards described under 
                                subsection (b)(2) such as dual 
                                enrollment, Advanced Placement 
                                (AP), or International 
                                Baccalaureate (IB) courses;
                                  ``(III) assessments developed 
                                by local educational agencies 
                                that meet the requirements of 
                                subsection (3)(b), are aligned 
                                with State college and career 
                                ready standards, and are 
                                comparable across all schools 
                                within the local educational 
                                agency; or
                                  ``(IV) student performance-
                                based assessments that are 
                                valid, reliable, and comparable 
                                across a local educational 
                                agency and meet the 
                                requirements of subsection 
                                (3)(b);
                          ``(iii) Evidence of successful 
                        learning conditions, such as the 
                        improvement indicators described in 
                        subparagraph (D); or
                          ``(iv) Evidence of parent and family 
                        engagement.
          ``(2) Goals and targets.--
                  ``(A) In general.--Each State educational 
                agency shall establish goals and targets for 
                the State accountability and school improvement 
                system that comply with this paragraph. Such 
                targets shall be established separately for all 
                elementary school and secondary school 
                students, economically disadvantaged students, 
                students from major racial and ethnic groups, 
                students with disabilities, and English 
                learners.
                  ``(B) Achievement goals.--Each State 
                educational agency shall set goals that are 
                consistent with the academic and growth 
                achievement standards under subsection (b)(4) 
                to ensure that all students graduate prepared 
                to enter the workforce or postsecondary 
                education without the need for remediation.
                  ``(C) Performance targets.--Each State 
                educational agency shall set ambitious, but 
                achievable annual performance targets 
                separately for each subgroup of students 
                described in paragraph (3)(A), for each grade 
                level and in English language arts and math, to 
                assist the State educational agency in 
                achieving its academic achievement goals 
                established under subparagraph (B) that 
                either--
                          ``(i) within 6 years of setting such 
                        performance targets, reduce by half the 
                        percentage of all students and each 
                        subgroup described in paragraph (3)(A), 
                        who are not, according to student 
                        performance as of the year such targets 
                        are set, at the on-target or advanced 
                        level of achievement; or
                          ``(ii) result in ambitious, but 
                        achievable annual targets for local 
                        educational agencies and schools for 
                        all students and each subgroup of 
                        students described in paragraph (3)(A) 
                        within a specified period of time, 
                        approved by the Secretary, such that--
                                  ``(I) the targets are equally 
                                rigorous as those in subsection 
                                (i); and
                                  ``(II) the targets reflect 
                                the progress required for all 
                                students and each subgroup of 
                                students described in paragraph 
                                (3)(A) to reach the on-target 
                                or advanced level of 
                                achievement within the 
                                specified period of time.
                  ``(D) Growth targets.--Each State educational 
                agency shall set ambitious but achievable 
                growth targets that--
                          ``(i) assist the State in achieving 
                        the academic achievement goals 
                        described in subparagraph (B); and
                          ``(ii) include targets that ensure 
                        all students, including the subgroups 
                        of students described in paragraph 
                        (3)(A), meet the growth standards 
                        described in subsection (b)(4)(E).
                  ``(E) Graduation rate goals and targets.--
                          ``(i) Graduation goals.--Each State 
                        educational agency shall set a 
                        graduation goal of not less than 90 
                        percent.
                          ``(ii) Graduation rate targets.--Each 
                        State educational agency shall 
                        establish graduation rate targets which 
                        shall not be less rigorous than the 
                        targets approved under section 200.19 
                        of title 34, Code of Federal 
                        Regulations (or a successor 
                        regulation).
                          ``(iii) Extended-year graduation rate 
                        targets.--In the case of a State that 
                        chooses to use an extended-year 
                        graduation rate in the accountability 
                        and school improvement system described 
                        under this subsection, the State shall 
                        set extended-year graduation rate 
                        targets that are more rigorous than the 
                        targets set under clause (ii) and, if 
                        applicable, are not less rigorous than 
                        the targets approved under section 
                        200.19 of title 34, Code of Federal 
                        Regulations (or a successor 
                        regulation).
          ``(3) Fair accountability.--Each State educational 
        agency shall establish fair and appropriate policies 
        and practices, as a component of the accountability 
        system established under this subsection, to measure 
        school, local educational agency, and State performance 
        under the accountability system that, at a minimum, 
        comply with this paragraph as follows:
                  ``(A) Disaggregate.--Each State educational 
                agency shall disaggregate student achievement 
                data in a manner that complies with the State's 
                group size requirements under subparagraph (B) 
                for the school's, local educational agency's, 
                and the State's performance on its goals and 
                performance targets established under paragraph 
                (2), by each content area and each grade level 
                for which such goals and targets are 
                established, and, if applicable, by improvement 
                indicators described in paragraph (1)(D) for 
                each of the following groups:
                          ``(i) All public elementary and 
                        secondary school students.
                          ``(ii) Economically disadvantaged 
                        students.
                          ``(iii) Students from major racial 
                        and ethnic groups.
                          ``(iv) Students with disabilities.
                          ``(v) English learners.
                  ``(B) Subgroup size.--Each State educational 
                agency shall establish group size requirements 
                for performance measurement and reporting under 
                the accountability system that--
                          ``(i) is the same for all subgroups 
                        described in subparagraph (A);
                          ``(ii) does not exceed 15 students;
                          ``(iii) yields statistically reliable 
                        information; and
                          ``(iv) does not reveal personally 
                        identifiable information about an 
                        individual student.
                  ``(C) Participation.--Each State educational 
                agency shall ensure that--
                          ``(i) not less than 95 percent of the 
                        students in each subgroup described 
                        subparagraph (A) take the State's 
                        assessments under subsection (b)(2); 
                        and
                          ``(ii) any school or local 
                        educational agency that does not comply 
                        with the requirement described in 
                        clause (i) of this subparagraph may not 
                        be considered to have met its goals or 
                        performance targets under paragraph 
                        (2).
                  ``(D) Averaging.--Each State educational 
                agency may average achievement data with the 
                year immediately preceding that school year for 
                the purpose of determining whether schools, 
                local educational agencies, and the State have 
                met their performance targets under paragraph 
                (2).
                  ``(E) Students with the most significant 
                cognitive disabilities.--
                          ``(i) In general.--In calculating the 
                        percentage of students scoring at the 
                        on-target levels of achievement and the 
                        graduation rate for the purpose of 
                        determining whether schools, local 
                        educational agencies, and the State 
                        have met their performance targets 
                        under paragraph (2), a State shall 
                        include all students with disabilities, 
                        even those students with the most 
                        significant cognitive disabilities, 
                        and--
                                  ``(I) may include the on-
                                target and advanced scores of 
                                students with the most 
                                significant cognitive 
                                disabilities taking alternate 
                                assessments under subsection 
                                (b)(3)(E) provided that the 
                                number and percentage of such 
                                students who score at the on-
                                target or advanced level on 
                                such alternate assessments at 
                                the local educational agency 
                                and the State levels, 
                                respectively, does not exceed 
                                the cap established by the 
                                Secretary under clause (iii) in 
                                the grades assessed and 
                                subjects used under the 
                                accountability system 
                                established under this 
                                subsection; and
                                  ``(II) may include students 
                                with the most significant 
                                cognitive disabilities, who are 
                                assessed using alternate 
                                assessments described in 
                                subsection (b)(3)(E) and who 
                                receive a State-defined 
                                standards-based alternate 
                                diploma aligned with alternate 
                                achievement standards described 
                                in subparagraph (4)(D) and with 
                                completion of the student's 
                                right to a free and appropriate 
                                public education under the 
                                Individuals with Disabilities 
                                Education Act, as graduating 
                                with a regular secondary school 
                                diploma, provided that the 
                                number and percentage of those 
                                students who receive a State-
                                defined standards-based 
                                alternate diploma at the local 
                                educational agency and the 
                                State levels, respectively, 
                                does not exceed the cap 
                                established by the Secretary 
                                under clause (iii).
                          ``(ii) State requirements.--If the 
                        number and percentage of students 
                        taking alternate assessments or 
                        receiving a State-defined standards-
                        based alternate diploma exceeds the cap 
                        under clause (iii) at the local 
                        educational agency or State level, the 
                        State educational agency, in 
                        determining whether the local 
                        educational agency or State, 
                        respectively, has met its performance 
                        targets under paragraph (2), shall--
                                  ``(I) include all students 
                                with the most significant 
                                cognitive disabilities;
                                  ``(II) count at the catch-up 
                                level of achievement or as not 
                                graduating such students who 
                                exceed the cap;
                                  ``(III) include such students 
                                at the catch-up level of 
                                achievement or as not 
                                graduating in each applicable 
                                subgroup at the school, local 
                                educational agency, and State 
                                level; and
                                  ``(IV) ensure that parents 
                                are informed of the actual 
                                academic achievement levels and 
                                graduation status of their 
                                children with the most 
                                significant cognitive 
                                disabilities.
                          ``(iii) Secretarial duties.--The 
                        Secretary shall establish a cap for the 
                        purposes of this subparagraph which--
                                  ``(I) shall be based on the 
                                most recently available data 
                                on--
                                          ``(aa) the incidence 
                                        of students with the 
                                        most significant 
                                        cognitive disabilities;
                                          ``(bb) the 
                                        participation rates, 
                                        including by disability 
                                        category, on alternate 
                                        assessments using 
                                        alternate achievement 
                                        standards pursuant to 
                                        subsection (b)(3)(E);
                                          ``(cc) the percentage 
                                        of students, including 
                                        by disability category, 
                                        scoring at each 
                                        achievement level on 
                                        such alternate 
                                        assessments; and
                                          ``(dd) other factors 
                                        the Secretary deems 
                                        necessary; and
                                  ``(II) may not exceed 1 
                                percent of all students in the 
                                combined grades assessed.
          ``(4) Transition provisions.--
                  ``(A) In general.--The Secretary shall take 
                such steps as necessary to provide for the 
                orderly transition to the new accountability 
                and school improvement systems required under 
                this subsection from prior accountability and 
                school improvement systems in existence on the 
                day before the date of enactment of the Student 
                Success Act.
                  ``(B) Transition.--To enable the successful 
                transition described in this paragraph, each 
                State educational agency receiving funds under 
                this part shall--
                          ``(i) administer assessments that 
                        were in existence on the day before the 
                        date of enactment of the Student 
                        Success Act and beginning not later 
                        than the 2014-2015 school year, 
                        administer high-quality assessments 
                        described in subsection (b)(3);
                          ``(ii) report student performance on 
                        the assessments described in 
                        subparagraph (I), consistent with the 
                        requirements under this title;
                          ``(iii) set a new baseline for 
                        performance targets, as described in 
                        paragraph (2)(C) and (2)(D), once new 
                        high-quality assessments described in 
                        subsection (b)(3) are implemented;
                          ``(iv) implement the accountability 
                        and school improvement requirements of 
                        sections 1111 and 1116, except--
                                  ``(I) the State shall not be 
                                required to identify new 
                                persistently low achieving 
                                schools or schools in need of 
                                improvement under section 1116 
                                for 1 year after high-quality 
                                assessments described in 
                                subsection (b)(3) have been 
                                implemented; and
                                  ``(II) shall continue to 
                                implement school improvement 
                                requirements of section 1116 in 
                                persistently low achieving 
                                schools and schools in need of 
                                improvement that were 
                                identified as such in the year 
                                prior to implementation of new 
                                high-quality assessments; and
                          ``(v) assist local educational 
                        agencies in providing training and 
                        professional development on the 
                        implementation of new college and 
                        career ready standards and high-quality 
                        assessments.
                  ``(C) End of transition.--The transition 
                described in this paragraph shall be completed 
                by no later than 2 years from the date of 
                enactment of the Student Success Act.
  ``(d) Other Provisions to Support Teaching and Learning.--
Each State plan shall contain the following:
          ``(1) Descriptions.--A description of--
                  ``(A) how the State educational agency will 
                carry out the responsibilities of the State 
                under section 1116;
                  ``(B) a plan to identify and reduce 
                inequities in the allocation of State and local 
                resources, including personnel and nonpersonnel 
                resources, between schools that are receiving 
                funds under this title and schools that are not 
                receiving such funds under this title, 
                consistent with the requirements in section 
                1120A, including--
                          ``(i) a description of how the State 
                        will support local educational agencies 
                        in meeting the requirements of section 
                        1120A; and
                          ``(ii) a description of how the State 
                        will support local educational agencies 
                        to align plans under subparagraph (A), 
                        efforts to improve educator supports 
                        and working conditions described in 
                        section 2112(b)(3), and efforts to 
                        improve the equitable distribution of 
                        teachers and principals described in 
                        section 2112(b)(5), with efforts to 
                        improve the equitable allocation of 
                        resources as described in this 
                        subsection;
                  ``(C) how the State educational agency will 
                ensure that the results of the State 
                assessments described in subsection (b)(3) and 
                the school evaluations described in subsection 
                (c)(1), respectively, will be provided to local 
                educational agencies, schools, teachers, and 
                parents promptly, but not later than before the 
                beginning of the school year following the 
                school year in which such assessments, other 
                indicators, or evaluations are taken or 
                completed, and in a manner that is clear and 
                easy to understand;
                  ``(D) how the State educational agency will 
                meet the diverse learning needs of students 
                by--
                          ``(i) identifying and addressing 
                        State-level barriers to implementation 
                        of universal design for learning, as 
                        described in section 5429(b)(21), and 
                        multi-tier system of supports; and
                          ``(ii) developing and making 
                        available to local educational agencies 
                        technical assistance for implementing 
                        universal design for learning, as 
                        described in section 5429(b)(21), and 
                        multi-tier system of supports;
                  ``(E) for a State educational agency that 
                adopts alternate achievement standards for 
                students with the most significant cognitive 
                disabilities under subsection (b)(4)(D)--
                          ``(i) the clear and appropriate 
                        guidelines for individualized education 
                        program teams to apply in determining 
                        when a student's significant cognitive 
                        disability justifies alternate 
                        assessment based on alternate 
                        achievement standards, which shall 
                        include guidelines to ensure--
                                  ``(I) students with the most 
                                significant cognitive 
                                disabilities have access to the 
                                general education curriculum 
                                for the grade in which the 
                                student is enrolled;
                                  ``(II) participation in an 
                                alternate assessment does not 
                                influence a student's placement 
                                in the least restrictive 
                                environment;
                                  ``(III) determinations are 
                                made separately for each 
                                subject and are re-determined 
                                each year during the annual 
                                individualized education 
                                program team meeting;
                                  ``(IV) the student's mode of 
                                communication has been 
                                identified and accommodated to 
                                the extent possible; and
                                  ``(V) parents of such 
                                students are informed of and 
                                understand that their child's 
                                achievement will be based on 
                                alternate achievement standards 
                                and whether participation in 
                                such assessments precludes the 
                                student from completing the 
                                requirements for a regular high 
                                school diploma; and
                          ``(ii) the procedures the State 
                        educational agency will use to ensure 
                        and monitor that individualized 
                        education program teams implement the 
                        requirements of clause (i); and
                          ``(iii) the plan to disseminate 
                        information on and promote use of 
                        appropriate accommodations to increase 
                        the number of students with the most 
                        significant cognitive disabilities who 
                        are assessed using achievement 
                        standards described in subparagraphs 
                        (B) and (C) of subsection (b)(4);
                  ``(F) how the State educational agency will 
                meet the needs of English learners, including--
                          ``(i) the method for identifying an 
                        English learner that shall be used by 
                        all local educational agencies in the 
                        State;
                          ``(ii) the entrance and exit 
                        requirements for students enrolled in 
                        limited English proficient classes, 
                        which shall--
                                  ``(I) be based on rigorous 
                                English language standards; and
                                  ``(II) prepare such students 
                                to successfully complete the 
                                State's assessments; and
                          ``(iii) timelines and targets for 
                        moving students from the lowest levels 
                        of English language proficiency to the 
                        State-defined English proficient level, 
                        including an assurance that--
                                  ``(I) such targets will be 
                                based on student's initial 
                                language proficiency level when 
                                first identified as limited 
                                English proficient and grade; 
                                and
                                  ``(II) such timelines will 
                                ensure students achieve English 
                                proficiency by 18 years of age, 
                                unless the State has obtained 
                                prior approval by the 
                                Secretary;
                  ``(G) how the State educational agency will 
                assist local educational agencies in improving 
                instruction in all core academic subjects;
                  ``(H) how the State educational agency will 
                develop and improve the capacity of local 
                educational agencies to use technology to 
                improve instruction; and
                  ``(I) how any State educational agency with a 
                charter school law will support high-quality 
                public charter schools that receive funds under 
                this title by--
                          ``(i) ensuring the quality of the 
                        authorized public chartering agencies 
                        in the State by establishing--
                                  ``(I) a system of periodic 
                                evaluation and certification of 
                                public chartering agencies 
                                using nationally-recognized 
                                professional standards; or
                                  ``(II) a statewide, 
                                independent chartering agency 
                                that meets nationally-
                                recognized professional 
                                standards;
                          ``(ii) including in the procedure 
                        established pursuant to clause (i) 
                        requirements for--
                                  ``(I) the annual filing and 
                                public reporting of 
                                independently audited financial 
                                statements including disclosure 
                                of amount and duration of any 
                                nonpublic financial and in-kind 
                                contributions of support, by 
                                each public chartering agency, 
                                for each school authorized by 
                                such agency, and by each local 
                                educational agency and the 
                                State; and
                                  ``(II) a legally binding 
                                charter or performance contract 
                                between each charter school and 
                                the school's authorized public 
                                chartering agency that--
                                          ``(aa) describes the 
                                        rights, duties, and 
                                        remedies of the school 
                                        and the public 
                                        chartering agency; and
                                          ``(bb) bases charter 
                                        renewal and revocation 
                                        decisions on an agreed-
                                        to school 
                                        accountability plan 
                                        which includes 
                                        financial and 
                                        organizational 
                                        indicators, with 
                                        significant weight 
                                        given to the student 
                                        achievement on the 
                                        achievement goals, 
                                        performance targets, 
                                        and growth targets 
                                        established pursuant to 
                                        subparagraphs (B), (C), 
                                        and (D) of subsection 
                                        (c)(2), respectively, 
                                        for each student 
                                        subgroup described in 
                                        subsection (c)(3)(A), 
                                        as well as
                          ``(iii) developing and implementing, 
                        in consultation and coordination with 
                        local educational agencies, a system of 
                        intervention, revocation, or closure 
                        for charter schools and public 
                        chartering agencies failing to meet the 
                        requirements and standards described in 
                        clauses (i) and (ii), which, at a 
                        minimum provides for--
                                  ``(I) initial and regular 
                                review, no less than once every 
                                3 years, of each public 
                                chartering agency; and
                                  ``(II) intervention, 
                                revocation, or closure of any 
                                charter school identified for 
                                school improvement under 
                                section 1116.
          ``(2) Assurances.--Assurances that--
                  ``(A) the State educational agency will 
                participate in biennial State academic 
                assessments of 4th, 8th, and 12th grade 
                reading, mathematics, and science under the 
                National Assessment of Educational Progress 
                carried out under section 303(b)(2) of the 
                National Assessment of Educational Progress 
                Authorization Act, if the Secretary pays the 
                costs of administering such assessments;
                  ``(B) the State educational agency will--
                          ``(i) notify local educational 
                        agencies and the public of the content 
                        and student academic achievement 
                        standards and academic assessments 
                        developed under this section, and of 
                        the authority to operate schoolwide 
                        programs; and
                          ``(ii) fulfill the State educational 
                        agency's responsibilities regarding 
                        local educational agency and school 
                        improvement under section 1116;
                  ``(C) the State educational agency will 
                encourage local educational agencies to 
                consolidate funds from other Federal, State, 
                and local sources for school improvement 
                activities under 1116 and for schoolwide 
                programs under section 1114;
                  ``(D) the State educational agency has 
                modified or eliminated State fiscal and 
                accounting barriers so that schools can easily 
                consolidate funds from other Federal, State, 
                and local sources for schoolwide programs under 
                section 1114;
                  ``(E) that State educational agency will 
                coordinate data collection efforts to fulfill 
                the requirements of this Act and reduce the 
                duplication of data collection to the extent 
                practicable;
                  ``(F) the State educational agency will 
                provide the least restrictive and burdensome 
                regulations for local educational agencies and 
                individual schools participating in a program 
                assisted under this part;
                  ``(G) the State educational agency will 
                inform local educational agencies in the State 
                of the local educational agency's authority--
                          ``(i) to transfer funds under title 
                        VI;
                          ``(ii) to obtain waivers under part D 
                        of title IX; and
                          ``(iii) if the State is an Ed-Flex 
                        Partnership State, to obtain waivers 
                        under the Education Flexibility 
                        Partnership Act of 1999;
                  ``(H) the State educational agency will work 
                with other agencies, including educational 
                service agencies or other local consortia and 
                comprehensive centers established under the 
                Educational Technical Assistance Act of 2002, 
                and institutions to provide professional 
                development and technical assistance to local 
                educational agencies and schools;
                  ``(I) the State educational agency will 
                ensure that local educational agencies in the 
                State comply with the requirements of subtitle 
                B of title VII of the McKinney-Vento Homeless 
                Assistance Act (42 U.S.C. lll17); and
                  ``(J) the State educational agency has 
                engaged in timely and meaningful consultation 
                with representatives of Indian tribes located 
                in the State in the development of the State 
                plan to serve local educational agencies under 
                its jurisdiction in order to--
                          ``(i) improve the coordination of 
                        activities under this Act;
                          ``(ii) meet the purpose of this 
                        title; and
                          ``(iii) meet the unique cultural, 
                        language, and educational needs of 
                        Indian students.
  ``(e) Family Engagement.--Each State plan shall include a 
plan for strengthening family engagement in education. Each 
such plan shall, at a minimum, include--
          ``(1) a description of the State's criteria and 
        schedule for review and approval of local educational 
        agency engagement policies and practices pursuant to 
        section 1112(e)(3);
          ``(2) a description of the State's system and process 
        for assessing local educational agency implementation 
        of section 1118 responsibilities;
          ``(3) a description of the State's criteria for 
        identifying local educational agencies that would 
        benefit from training and support related to family 
        engagement in education;
          ``(4) a description of the State's statewide system 
        of capacity-building and technical assistance for local 
        educational agencies and schools on effectively 
        implementing family engagement in education practices 
        and policies to increase student achievement;
          ``(5) an assurance that the State will refer to 
        Statewide Family Engagement Centers, as described in 
        section 5702, those local educational agencies that 
        would benefit from training and support related to 
        family engagement in education; and
          ``(6) a description of the relationship between the 
        State educational agency and Statewide Family 
        Engagement Centers, parent training and information 
        centers, and community parent resource centers in the 
        State established under sections 671 and 672 of the 
        Individuals with Disabilities Education Act.
  ``(f) Peer Review and Secretarial Approval.--
          ``(1) Secretarial duties.--The Secretary shall--
                  ``(A) establish a peer-review process to 
                assist in the review of State plans;
                  ``(B) appoint individuals to the peer-review 
                process who are representative of parents, 
                teachers, State educational agencies, local 
                educational agencies, and experts and who are 
                familiar with educational standards, 
                assessments, accountability, the needs of low-
                performing schools, and other educational needs 
                of students;
                  ``(C) approve a State plan within 120 days of 
                its submission unless the Secretary determines 
                that the plan does not meet the requirements of 
                this section;
                  ``(D) if the Secretary determines that the 
                State plan does not meet the requirements of 
                this section immediately notify the State of 
                such determination and the reasons for such 
                determination;
                  ``(E) not decline to approve a State's plan 
                before--
                          ``(i) offering the State an 
                        opportunity to revise its plan;
                          ``(ii) providing technical assistance 
                        in order to assist the State to meet 
                        the requirements of this section; and
                          ``(iii) providing a hearing; and
                  ``(F) have the authority to disapprove a 
                State plan for not meeting the requirements of 
                this part, but shall not have the authority to 
                require a State, as a condition of approval of 
                the State plan, to include in, or delete from, 
                such plan one or more specific elements of the 
                State's academic content standards or to use 
                specific academic assessment instruments or 
                items.
          ``(2) State revisions.--A State plan shall be revised 
        by the State educational agency if the revision is 
        necessary to satisfy the requirements of this section.
          ``(3) Public review.--Notifications under this 
        subsection shall be made available to the public 
        through the website of the Department, including--
                  ``(A) State plans submitted or resubmitted by 
                a State;
                  ``(B) peer review comments;
                  ``(C) State plan determinations by the 
                Secretary, including approvals or disapprovals;
                  ``(D) amendments or changes to State plans; 
                and
                  ``(E) hearings.
  ``(g) Duration of the Plan.--
          ``(1) In general.--Each State plan shall--
                  ``(A) remain in effect for the duration of 
                the State's participation under this part or 4 
                years, whichever is shorter; and
                  ``(B) be periodically reviewed and revised as 
                necessary by the State educational agency to 
                reflect changes in the State's strategies and 
                programs under this part, including information 
                on progress the State has made in--
          ``(2) Renewal.--A State educational agency that 
        desires to continue participation under this part shall 
        submit a renewed plan every 4 years, including 
        information on progress the State has made in--
                  ``(A) implementing college- and career-ready 
                content and achievement standards and high-
                quality assessments described in paragraph (b);
                  ``(B) meeting its goals and performance 
                targets described in subsection (c)(2); and
                  ``(C) improving the capacity and skills of 
                teachers and principals as described in section 
                2112.
          ``(2) Additional information.--If significant changes 
        are made to a State's plan, such as the adoption of new 
        State academic content standards and State student 
        achievement standards, new academic assessments, or new 
        performance goals or target, growth goals or targets, 
        or graduation goals or targets, such information shall 
        be submitted to the Secretary for approval.
  ``(h) Failure to Meet Requirements.--If a State fails to meet 
any of the requirements of this section, the Secretary may 
withhold funds for State administration under this part until 
the Secretary determines that the State has fulfilled those 
requirements.
  ``(i) Reports.--
          ``(1) Annual state report card.--
                  ``(A) In general.--A State that receives 
                assistance under this part shall prepare and 
                disseminate an annual State report card. Such 
                dissemination shall include, at a minimum, 
                publicly posting the report card on the home 
                page of the State educational agency's website.
                  ``(B) Implementation.--The State report card 
                shall be--
                          ``(i) concise; and
                          ``(ii) presented in an understandable 
                        and uniform format and, to the extent 
                        practicable, provided in a language 
                        that the parents can understand.
                  ``(C) Required information.--The State shall 
                include in its annual State report card--
                          ``(i) information, in the aggregate, 
                        and disaggregated and cross-tabulated 
                        by race, ethnicity, gender, disability 
                        status, migrant status, English 
                        proficiency, and status as economically 
                        disadvantaged, except that such 
                        disaggregation and cross-tabulation 
                        shall not be required in a case in 
                        which the number of students in a 
                        category is insufficient to yield 
                        statistically reliable information or 
                        the results would reveal personally 
                        identifiable information about an 
                        individual student on--
                                  ``(I) student achievement at 
                                each achievement level on the 
                                State academic assessments 
                                described in subsection (b)(3), 
                                including the most recent 2-
                                year trend;
                                  ``(II) student growth on the 
                                State academic assessments 
                                described in subsection (b)(3), 
                                including the most-recent 2-
                                year trend;
                                  ``(III) the four-year 
                                adjusted cohort rate, the 
                                extended-year graduation rate 
                                (where applicable), and the 
                                graduation rate by type of 
                                diploma, including the most 
                                recent 2-year trend;
                                  ``(IV) the State established 
                                improvement indicators under 
                                subsection (c)(1)(D);
                                  ``(V) the percentage of 
                                students who did not take the 
                                State assessments; and
                                  ``(VI) the most recent 2-year 
                                trend in student achievement 
                                and student growth in each 
                                subject area and for each grade 
                                level, for which assessments 
                                under this section are 
                                required;
                          ``(ii) information that provides a 
                        comparison between the actual 
                        achievement levels and growth of each 
                        group of students described in 
                        subsection (c)(3)(A) and the 
                        performance targets and growth targets 
                        in subsection (c)(2) for each such 
                        group of students on each of the 
                        academic assessments and for graduation 
                        rates required under this part;
                          ``(iii) if a State adopts alternate 
                        achievement standards for students with 
                        the most significant cognitive 
                        disabilities, the number and percentage 
                        of students taking the alternate 
                        assessments and information on student 
                        achievement at each achievement level 
                        and student growth, by grade and 
                        subject;
                          ``(iv) the number of students who are 
                        English learners, and the performance 
                        of such students, on the State's 
                        English language proficiency 
                        assessments, including the students' 
                        attainment of, and progress toward, 
                        higher levels of English language 
                        proficiency;
                          ``(v) information on the performance 
                        of local educational agencies in the 
                        State regarding school improvement, 
                        including the number and names of each 
                        school identified for school 
                        improvement under section 1116 and 
                        information on the outcomes of the 
                        improvement indicators outlined in 
                        section 1111(c)(1)(D);
                          ``(vi) the professional 
                        qualifications of teachers in the 
                        State, the percentage of such teachers 
                        teaching with emergency or provisional 
                        credentials, and the percentage of 
                        classes in the State not taught by 
                        qualified teachers, in the aggregate 
                        and disaggregated by high-poverty 
                        compared to low-poverty schools which, 
                        for the purpose of this clause, means 
                        schools in the top quartile of poverty 
                        and the bottom quartile of poverty in 
                        the State;
                          ``(vii) information on teacher 
                        effectiveness, as described in section 
                        2112(b)(1)(C), in the aggregate and 
                        disaggregated by high-poverty compared 
                        to low-poverty schools which, for the 
                        purpose of this clause, means schools 
                        in the top quartile of poverty and the 
                        bottom quartile of poverty in the 
                        State;
                          ``(viii) a clear and concise 
                        description of the State's 
                        accountability system, including a 
                        description of the criteria by which 
                        the State educational agency evaluates 
                        school performance, and the criteria 
                        that the State educational agency has 
                        established, consistent with subsection 
                        (c), to determine the status of schools 
                        with respect to school improvement; and
                          ``(ix) outcomes related to quality 
                        charter authorizing standards as 
                        described in subsection (d)(1)(I), 
                        including, at a minimum, annual filing 
                        as described in subsection 
                        (d)(1)(I)(ii)(I).
          ``(2) Annual local educational agency report cards.--
                  ``(A) Report cards.--A local educational 
                agency that receives assistance under this part 
                shall prepare and disseminate an annual local 
                educational agency report card.
                  ``(B) Minimum requirements.--The State 
                educational agency shall ensure that each local 
                educational agency collects appropriate data 
                and includes in the local educational agency's 
                annual report the information described in 
                paragraph (1)(C) as applied to the local 
                educational agency and each school served by 
                the local educational agency, and--
                          ``(i) in the case of a local 
                        educational agency--
                                  ``(I) the number and 
                                percentage of schools 
                                identified for school 
                                improvement under section 1116 
                                and how long the schools have 
                                been so identified; and
                                  ``(II) information that shows 
                                how students served by the 
                                local educational agency 
                                achieved on the statewide 
                                academic assessment compared to 
                                students in the State as a 
                                whole;
                                  ``(III) per-pupil 
                                expenditures from Federal, 
                                State, and local sources, 
                                including personnel and 
                                nonpersonnel resources, for 
                                each school in the local 
                                educational agency, consistent 
                                with the requirements under 
                                section 1120A;
                                  ``(IV) the number and 
                                percentage of secondary school 
                                students who have been removed 
                                from the 4-year adjusted cohort 
                                by leaver code, and the number 
                                and percentage of students from 
                                each adjusted cohort that have 
                                been enrolled in high school 
                                for more than 4 years but have 
                                not graduated with a regular 
                                diploma; and
                                  ``(V) information on the 
                                number of military-connected 
                                students (students who are a 
                                dependent of a member of the 
                                Armed Forces, including reserve 
                                components thereof) served by 
                                the local educational agency 
                                and how such military-dependent 
                                students achieved on the 
                                statewide academic assessment 
                                compared to all students served 
                                by the local educational 
                                agency; and
                          ``(ii) in the case of a school--
                                  ``(I) whether the school has 
                                been identified for school 
                                improvement; and
                                  ``(II) information that shows 
                                how the school's students 
                                achievement on the statewide 
                                academic assessments and other 
                                improvement indicators compared 
                                to students in the local 
                                educational agency and the 
                                State as a whole.
                  ``(C) Other information.--A local educational 
                agency may include in its annual local 
                educational agency report card any other 
                appropriate information, whether or not such 
                information is included in the annual State 
                report card.
                  ``(D) Data.--A local educational agency or 
                school shall only include in its annual local 
                educational agency report card data that are 
                sufficient to yield statistically reliable 
                information, as determined by the State, and 
                that do not reveal personally identifiable 
                information about an individual student.
                  ``(E) Public dissemination.--The local 
                educational agency shall publicly disseminate 
                the report cards described in this paragraph to 
                all schools in the school district served by 
                the local educational agency and to all parents 
                of students attending those schools in an 
                accessible, understandable, and uniform format 
                and, to the extent practicable, provided in a 
                language that the parents can understand, and 
                make the information widely available through 
                public means, such as posting on the Internet, 
                distribution to the media, and distribution 
                through public agencies.
          ``(3) Preexisting report cards.--A State educational 
        agency or local educational agency that was providing 
        public report cards on the performance of students, 
        schools, local educational agencies, or the State prior 
        to the date of enactment of the Student Success Act may 
        use those report cards for the purpose of this 
        subsection, so long as any such report card is 
        modified, as may be needed, to contain the information 
        required by this subsection.
          ``(4) Cost reduction.--Each State educational agency 
        and local educational agency receiving assistance under 
        this part shall, wherever possible, take steps to 
        reduce data collection costs and duplication of effort 
        by obtaining the information required under this 
        subsection through existing data collection efforts.
          ``(5) Annual state report to the secretary.--Each 
        State educational agency receiving assistance under 
        this part shall report annually to the Secretary, and 
        make widely available within the State--
                  ``(A) information on the State's progress in 
                developing and implementing
                          ``(i) the college and career ready 
                        standards described in subsection 
                        (b)(2);
                          ``(ii) the academic assessments 
                        described in subsection (b)(3);
                          ``(iii) the accountability and school 
                        improvement system described in 
                        subsection (c); and
                          ``(iv) teacher and principal 
                        evaluation systems described in section 
                        2112(b)(1); and
                  ``(B) the annual State report card under 
                paragraph (1).
          ``(6) Report to congress.--The Secretary shall 
        transmit annually to the Committee on Education and the 
        Workforce of the House of Representatives and the 
        Committee on Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions of 
        the Senate a report that provides national and State-
        level data on the information collected under paragraph 
        (4).
          ``(7) Parents right-to-know.--
                  ``(A) Achievement information.--At the 
                beginning of each school year, a school that 
                receives funds under this subpart shall provide 
                to each individual parent--
                          ``(i) information on the level of 
                        achievement and growth of the parent's 
                        child on each of the State academic 
                        assessments and, as appropriate, other 
                        improvement indicators adopted in 
                        accordance with this subpart; and
                          ``(ii) timely notice that the 
                        parent's child has been assigned, or 
                        has been taught for four or more 
                        consecutive weeks by, a teacher who is 
                        not qualified or has been found to be 
                        ineffective consistent with the local 
                        educational agency evaluation, as 
                        described in section 2112(b)(1).
                  ``(B) Qualifications.--At the beginning of 
                each school year, a local educational agency 
                that receives funds under this part shall 
                notify the parents of each student attending 
                any school receiving funds under this part, 
                information regarding the professional 
                qualifications of the student's classroom 
                teachers, including, at a minimum, the 
                following:
                          ``(i) Whether the teacher has met 
                        State qualification and licensing 
                        criteria for the grade levels and 
                        subject areas in which the teacher 
                        provides instruction.
                          ``(ii) Whether the teacher is 
                        teaching under emergency or other 
                        provisional status through which State 
                        qualification or licensing criteria 
                        have been waived.
                          ``(iii) Whether the teacher is 
                        currently enrolled in an alternative 
                        certification program.
                          ``(iv) Whether the child is provided 
                        services by paraprofessionals or 
                        specialized instructional support 
                        personnel and, if so, their 
                        qualifications.
                  ``(C) Format.--The notice and information 
                provided to parents under this paragraph shall 
                be in an understandable and uniform format and, 
                to the extent practicable, provided in a 
                language that the parents can understand.
  ``(j) Privacy.--Information collected under this section 
shall be collected and disseminated in a manner that protects 
the privacy of individuals.
  ``(k) Technical Assistance.--The Secretary shall provide a 
State educational agency, at the State educational agency's 
request, technical assistance in meeting the requirements of 
this section, including the provision of advice by experts in 
the development of college and career ready standards, high-
quality academic assessments, and goals and targets that are 
valid and reliable, and other relevant areas.
  ``(l) Voluntary Partnerships.--A State may enter into a 
voluntary partnership with another State to develop and 
implement the academic assessments and standards required under 
this section.
  ``(m) Definitions.--In this section:
          ``(1) Adjusted cohort; extended-year; entering 
        cohort; transferred into; transferred out.--
                  ``(A) Adjusted cohort.--Subject to 
                subparagraph (D)(ii) through (G), the term 
                `adjusted cohort' means the difference of--
                          ``(i) the sum of--
                                  ``(I) the entering cohort; 
                                plus
                                  ``(II) any students that 
                                transferred into the cohort in 
                                any of grades 9 through 12; 
                                minus
                          ``(ii) any students that are removed 
                        from the cohort as described in 
                        subparagraph (E).
                  ``(B) Extended year.--The term `extended 
                year' when used with respect to a graduation 
                rate, means the fifth or sixth year after the 
                school year in which the entering cohort, as 
                described in subparagraph (C), is established 
                for the purpose of calculating the adjusted 
                cohort.
                  ``(C) Entering cohort.--The term `entering 
                cohort' means the number of first-time 9th 
                graders enrolled in a secondary school 1 month 
                after the start of the secondary school's 
                academic year.
                  ``(D) Transferred into.--The term 
                `transferred into' when used with respect to a 
                secondary school student, means a student who--
                          ``(i) was a first-time 9th grader 
                        during the same school year as the 
                        entering cohort; and
                          ``(ii) enrolls after the entering 
                        cohort is calculated as described in 
                        subparagraph (B).
                  ``(E) Transferred out.--
                          ``(i) In general.--The term 
                        `transferred out' when used with 
                        respect to a secondary school student, 
                        means a student who the secondary 
                        school or local educational agency has 
                        confirmed has transferred to another--
                                  ``(I) school from which the 
                                student is expected to receive 
                                a regular secondary school 
                                diploma; or
                                  ``(II) educational program 
                                from which the student is 
                                expected to receive a regular 
                                secondary school diploma.
                          ``(ii) Confirmation requirements.--
                                  ``(I) Documentation 
                                required.--The confirmation of 
                                a student's transfer to another 
                                school or educational program 
                                described in clause (i) 
                                requires documentation from the 
                                receiving school or program 
                                that the student enrolled in 
                                the receiving school or 
                                program.
                                  ``(II) Lack of 
                                confirmation.--A student who 
                                was enrolled, but for whom 
                                there is no confirmation of the 
                                student having transferred out, 
                                shall remain in the cohort as a 
                                non-graduate for reporting and 
                                accountability purposes under 
                                this section.
                          ``(iii) Programs not providing 
                        credit.--A student enrolled in a GED or 
                        other alternative educational program 
                        that does not issue or provide credit 
                        toward the issuance of a regular 
                        secondary school diploma shall not be 
                        considered transferred out.
                  ``(F) Cohort removal.--To remove a student 
                from a cohort, a school or local educational 
                agency shall require documentation to confirm 
                that the student has transferred out, emigrated 
                to another country, or is deceased.
                  ``(G) Treatment of other leavers and 
                withdrawals.--A student who was retained in a 
                grade, enrolled in a GED program, aged-out of a 
                secondary school or secondary school program, 
                or left secondary school for any other reason, 
                including expulsion, shall not be considered 
                transferred out, and shall remain in the 
                adjusted cohort.
                  ``(H) Special rule.--For those secondary 
                schools that start after grade 9, the entering 
                cohort shall be calculated 1 month after the 
                start of the secondary school's academic year 
                in the earliest secondary school grade at the 
                secondary school.
          ``(2) 4-year adjusted cohort graduation rate.--The 
        term `4-year adjusted cohort graduation rate' means the 
        percent obtained by calculating the product of--
                  ``(A) the result of--
                          ``(i) the number of students who--
                                  ``(I) formed the adjusted 
                                cohort 4 years earlier; and
                                  ``(II) graduate in 4 years or 
                                less with a regular secondary 
                                school diploma; divided by
                          ``(ii) the number of students who 
                        formed the adjusted cohort for that 
                        year's graduating class 4 years 
                        earlier; multiplied by
                  ``(B) 100.
          ``(3) Extended-year graduation rate.--The term 
        `extended-year graduation rate' for a school year is 
        defined as the percent obtained by calculating the 
        product of the result of--
                  ``(A) the sum of--
                          ``(i) the number of students who--
                                  ``(I) form the adjusted 
                                cohort for that year's 
                                graduating class; and
                                  ``(II) graduate in an 
                                extended year with a regular 
                                secondary school diploma; or
                                  ``(III) graduate before 
                                exceeding the age for 
                                eligibility for a free 
                                appropriate public education 
                                (as defined in section 602 of 
                                the Individuals with 
                                Disabilities Education Act) 
                                under State law; divided by
                          ``(ii) the result of--
                                  ``(I) the number of students 
                                who form the adjusted cohort 
                                for that year's graduating 
                                class; plus
                                  ``(II) the number of students 
                                who transferred in during the 
                                extended year defined in 
                                paragraph (1)(B), minus
                                  ``(III) students who 
                                transferred out, emigrated, or 
                                died during the extended year 
                                defined in paragraph (1)(B); 
                                multiplied by
                  ``(B) 100.
          ``(4) Leaver code.--The term `leaver code' means a 
        number or series of numbers and letters assigned to a 
        categorical reason for why a student left the high 
        school from which she or he is enrolled without having 
        earned a regular high school diploma, except that--
                  ``(A) an individual student with either a 
                duplicative code or whom has not been assigned 
                a leaver code shall not be removed from the 
                cohort assigned for the purpose of calculating 
                the adjusted cohort graduation rate; and
                  ``(B) the number of students with either a 
                duplicative leaver code or who have not been 
                assigned a leaver code shall be included in 
                reporting requirements for the leaver code.
          ``(5) Multi-tier system of supports.--The term 
        `multi-tier system of supports' means a comprehensive 
        system of differentiated supports that includes 
        evidence-based instruction, universal screening, 
        progress monitoring, formative assessment, and 
        research-based interventions matched to student needs, 
        and educational decision-making using student outcome 
        data.
          ``(6) Graduation rate.--The term `graduation rate' 
        means a 4-year adjusted cohort graduation rate and the 
        extended-year graduation rate.
          ``(7) Regular secondary school diploma.--The term 
        `regular secondary school diploma' means the standard 
        secondary school diploma awarded to the preponderance 
        of students in the State that is fully aligned with 
        State standards, or a higher diploma. Such term shall 
        not include GED's, certificates of attendance, or any 
        lesser diploma award.''.

SEC. 104. ELIGIBLE SCHOOL ATTENDANCE AREAS.

   Section 1113(c)(3) (20 U.S.C. 6313(c)(3)) is amended to read 
as follows:
          ``(3) Reservation.--
                  ``(A) In general.--A local educational agency 
                shall reserve such funds as are necessary under 
                this part to provide services comparable to 
                those provided to children in schools funded 
                under this part to serve--
                          ``(i) homeless children who are 
                        attending any public school served by 
                        the local educational agency, including 
                        providing educationally related support 
                        services to children in shelters and 
                        other locations where children may 
                        live;
                          ``(ii) children in local institutions 
                        for neglected children; and
                          ``(iii) if appropriate, children in 
                        local institutions for delinquent 
                        children, and neglected or delinquent 
                        children in community day school 
                        programs.
                  ``(B) Reservation of funds.--Notwithstanding 
                the requirements of subsections (b) and (c) of 
                section 1120A, funds reserved under 
                subparagraph (A) may be used to provide 
                homeless children and youths with services not 
                ordinarily provided to other students under 
                this part, including providing transportation 
                pursuant to section 722(g)(1)(J)(iii) of such 
                Act.
                  ``(C) Amount reserved.--The amount of funds 
                reserved under subparagraph (A)(i) shall be 
                determined by an assessment of the numbers and 
                the needs of homeless children and youths in 
                the local educational agency.''.

SEC. 105. ACADEMIC ASSESSMENT AND LOCAL EDUCATIONAL AGENCY AND SCHOOL 
                    IMPROVEMENT; SCHOOL SUPPORT AND RECOGNITION.

  Section 1116 (20 U.S.C. 6316) is amended to read as follows:

``SEC. 1116. SCHOOL IMPROVEMENT.

  ``(a) Local Review.--
          ``(1) In general.--Each local educational agency 
        receiving funds under this part shall--
                  ``(A) use the State academic assessments, 
                including measures of student growth, and 
                graduation rates to review, annually, the 
                progress of each school served under this part 
                to determine whether the school is meeting the 
                performance targets, growth targets, and 
                graduation targets established under section 
                1111(c)(2);
                  ``(B) based on the review conducted under 
                subparagraph (A), determine whether a school 
                served under this part is--
                          ``(i) in need of improvement as 
                        described under section 
                        1111(c)(1)(C)(ii); or
                          ``(ii) a persistently low-achieving 
                        school that meets the State parameters 
                        established under paragraph (2);
                  ``(C) publicize and disseminate the results 
                of the local annual review described in 
                subparagraph (A) to parents, teachers, 
                principals, schools, and the community so that 
                the teachers, principals, other staff, and 
                schools can continually refine, in an 
                instructionally useful manner, the program of 
                instruction to help all children served under 
                this part meet the college and career ready 
                achievement standards established under section 
                1111(b); and
                  ``(D) use the school improvement indicators 
                established under section 1111(c)(1)(D), and 
                may include the multiple measures described 
                under section 1111(c)(1)(E), to diagnose school 
                challenges and measure school progress in 
                carrying out the school improvement activities 
                under this section.
          ``(2) Persistently low-achieving schools.--The State 
        educational agency shall establish parameters, 
        consistent with section 1111(c)(1)(C)(i), to assist 
        local educational agencies in identifying persistently 
        low-achieving schools within the local educational 
        agency that--
                  ``(A) shall use student achievement on the 
                assessments under section 1111(b)(3), including 
                prior year data;
                  ``(B) shall use student growth data on the 
                assessments under section 1111(b)(3), including 
                prior year data;
                  ``(C) shall use graduation rate data, 
                including prior year data;
                  ``(D) shall include schools with 4-year 
                adjusted cohort graduation rates below 60 
                percent as persistently low-achieving schools; 
                and
                  ``(E) may use data on the improvement 
                indicators established under section 
                1111(c)(1)(D) and the multiple measures 
                described under section 1111(c)(1)(E), except 
                that the local educational agency may not use 
                such indicators to change the schools 
                identified based on the parameters established 
                under subparagraphs (A) through (D).
          ``(3) Opportunity to review and present evidence; 
        time limit.--
                  ``(A) Identification.--Before identifying an 
                elementary school or a secondary school as a 
                school in need of improvement or a persistently 
                low-achieving school under paragraph (1), a 
                local educational agency shall provide the 
                school with an opportunity to review the 
                school-level data, including academic 
                assessment data, on which the proposed 
                identification is based.
                  ``(B) Evidence.--If the principal of a school 
                proposed as a school in need of improvement or 
                a persistently low-achieving school believes, 
                or a majority of the parents of the students 
                enrolled in such school believe, that the 
                proposed identification is in error for 
                statistical or other substantive reasons, the 
                principal may provide supporting evidence to 
                the local educational agency, which shall 
                consider that evidence before making a final 
                determination.
                  ``(C) Final determination.--Not later than 30 
                days after a local educational agency provides 
                the school with the opportunity to review such 
                school-level data, the local educational agency 
                shall make public a final determination on the 
                status of the school with respect to 
                identification as a school in need of 
                improvement or a persistently low-achieving 
                school.
  ``(b) School Improvement.--
          ``(1) In general.--Each school served under this part 
        determined to be a school in need of improvement 
        pursuant to section 1111(c)(1)(C)(ii) or a persistently 
        low-achieving school pursuant to 1111(c)(1)(C)(i), 
        shall form a school improvement team described in 
        paragraph (2) to develop and implement a school 
        improvement plan described in paragraph (3) to improve 
        educational outcomes for all students.
          ``(2) School improvement team.--
                  ``(A) In general.--Each school described in 
                paragraph (1) shall form a school improvement 
                team, which shall include school leaders, 
                teachers, parents, community members, and 
                specialized instructional support personnel.
                  ``(B) Schools in need of improvement.--Each 
                school improvement team for a school in need of 
                improvement may include an external partner and 
                representatives of the local educational agency 
                and the State educational agency.
                  ``(C) Persistently low-achieving schools.--
                Each school improvement team for a persistently 
                low-achieving school shall include an external 
                partner and representatives of the local 
                educational agency and the State educational 
                agency.
          ``(3) School improvement plan.--
                  ``(A) In general.--A school improvement team 
                shall develop, implement, and make publicly 
                available a school improvement plan that uses 
                information available under the accountability 
                and school improvement system established under 
                section 1111(c), data available under the early 
                warning indicator system established under 
                subsection (c)(5), and other relevant data to 
                identify--
                          ``(i) each area in which the school 
                        needs support for improvement;
                          ``(ii) the type of support required;
                          ``(iii) how the school plans to use 
                        comprehensive, evidence-based 
                        strategies to address such needs;
                          ``(iv) how the school will measure 
                        progress in addressing such needs using 
                        the goals and targets and improvement 
                        indicators established under paragraphs 
                        (2) and (1)(D) of section 1111(c), 
                        respectively, and identify which of the 
                        goals and targets are not currently 
                        being met by the school; and
                          ``(v) how the school will review its 
                        progress and make adjustments and 
                        corrections to ensure continuous 
                        improvement.
                  ``(B) Planning period.--The school 
                improvement team may use a planning period, 
                which shall not be longer than one school year 
                to develop and prepare to implement the school 
                improvement plan.
                  ``(C) Plan requirements.--Each school 
                improvement plan shall describe the following:
                          ``(i) Planning and preparation.--The 
                        activities during the planning period, 
                        including--
                                  ``(I) the preparation 
                                activities conducted to 
                                effectively implement the 
                                budgeting, staffing, 
                                curriculum, and instruction 
                                changes described in the plan; 
                                and
                                  ``(II) how the school 
                                improvement team engaged 
                                parents and community 
                                organizations.
                          ``(ii) Targets.--The performance, 
                        growth, and graduation targets that 
                        contributed to the school's status as a 
                        school in need of improvement or 
                        persistently low-achieving school, and 
                        the school challenges identified by the 
                        school improvement indicators under 
                        section 1111(c)(1)(D).
                          ``(iii) Evidence-based, school 
                        improvement strategies.--Evidence-
                        based, school improvement strategies to 
                        address the factors and challenges 
                        described in clause (ii), to improve 
                        instruction, including in all core 
                        academic subjects, to improve the 
                        achievement of all students and address 
                        the needs of students identified at the 
                        catch-up level of achievement.
                          ``(iv) Needs and capacity analysis.--
                        A description and analysis of the 
                        school's ability and the resources 
                        necessary to implement the evidence-
                        based, school improvement strategies 
                        identified under clause (iii), 
                        including an analysis of--
                                  ``(I) staffing resources, 
                                such as the number, experience, 
                                training level, effectiveness, 
                                responsibilities, and stability 
                                of existing administrative, 
                                instructional, and non-
                                instructional staff;
                                  ``(II) budget resources, 
                                including how Federal, State, 
                                and local funds are being spent 
                                for instruction and operations 
                                to determine how existing 
                                resources can be aligned and 
                                used to support improvement;
                                  ``(III) the school 
                                curriculum;
                                  ``(IV) the use of time, such 
                                as the school's schedule and 
                                use of additional learning 
                                time; and
                                  ``(V) any additional 
                                resources and staff necessary 
                                to effectively implement the 
                                school improvement activities 
                                identified in the school 
                                improvement plan.
                          ``(v) Identifying roles.--The roles 
                        and responsibilities of the State 
                        educational agency, the local 
                        educational agency, the school and, if 
                        applicable, the external partner in the 
                        school improvement activities, 
                        including providing interventions, 
                        support, and resources necessary to 
                        implement improvements.
                          ``(vi) Plan for evaluation.--The plan 
                        for continuous evaluation of the 
                        evidence-based, school improvement 
                        strategies, including implementation of 
                        and fidelity to the school improvement 
                        plan, that includes at least quarterly 
                        reviews of the effectiveness of such 
                        activities.
                  ``(D) Additional requirements for 
                persistently low-achieving schools.--For a 
                persistently-low achieving school, the school 
                improvement plan shall, in addition to the 
                requirements described in subparagraph (B), 
                describe how the school will--
                          ``(i) address school-wide factors to 
                        improve student achievement, 
                        including--
                                  ``(I) establishing high 
                                expectations for all students, 
                                which at a minimum, align with 
                                the achievement standards and 
                                growth standards under section 
                                1111(b)(4);
                                  ``(II) improving school 
                                climate, including student 
                                attendance and school 
                                discipline, through the use of 
                                school-wide positive behavioral 
                                supports and interventions and 
                                other evidence based approaches 
                                to improving school climate;
                                  ``(III) ensuring that the 
                                staff charged with implementing 
                                the school improvement plan are 
                                engaged in the plan and the 
                                school turnaround effort;
                                  ``(IV) establishing clear--
                                          ``(aa) benchmarks for 
                                        implementation of the 
                                        plan; and
                                          ``(bb) targets for 
                                        improvement on the 
                                        indicators under 
                                        section 1111(c)(1)(D);
                          ``(ii) organize the school to improve 
                        teaching and learning, including 
                        through--
                                  ``(I) strategic use of time, 
                                such as--
                                          ``(aa) establishing 
                                        common planning time 
                                        for teachers and 
                                        interdisciplinary teams 
                                        who share common groups 
                                        of students;
                                          ``(bb) redesigning 
                                        the school calendar 
                                        year or day, such as 
                                        through block 
                                        scheduling, summer 
                                        learning programs, or 
                                        increasing the number 
                                        of hours or days, in 
                                        order to create 
                                        additional learning 
                                        time; or
                                          ``(cc) creating a 
                                        flexible school period 
                                        to address specific 
                                        student academic needs 
                                        and interests such as 
                                        credit recovery, 
                                        electives, enrichment 
                                        activities, or service 
                                        learning; and
                                  ``(II) alignment of resources 
                                to improvement goals, such as 
                                through ensuring that students 
                                in transition grades are taught 
                                by teachers prepared to meet 
                                their specific learning needs;
                          ``(iii) increase teacher and school 
                        leader effectiveness, as described in 
                        section 2112(b)(1), including through--
                                  ``(I) replacing the 
                                principal, or demonstrating the 
                                principal has the skills, 
                                capacity, and record of success 
                                to significantly improve 
                                student achievement and lead a 
                                school turnaround;
                                  ``(II) screening all existing 
                                staff at the school, with the 
                                leadership team, through a 
                                process that ensures a rigorous 
                                and fair review of their 
                                applications that shall 
                                include--
                                          ``(aa) the results of 
                                        teacher and principal 
                                        evaluations and 
                                        determinations of 
                                        effectiveness, as 
                                        described in section 
                                        2112(b)(1); and
                                          ``(bb) a review of 
                                        individual staff 
                                        member's engagement in 
                                        the school improvement 
                                        for the school;
                                  ``(III) improving the 
                                recruitment and retention of 
                                effective teachers and 
                                principals to work in the 
                                school;
                                  ``(IV) professional 
                                development activities that 
                                respond to student and school-
                                wide needs aligned with the 
                                school improvement plan, such 
                                as--
                                          ``(aa) training 
                                        teachers, leaders, and 
                                        administrators together 
                                        with staff from schools 
                                        making achievement 
                                        goals and performance 
                                        targets under the 
                                        accountability system 
                                        under section 1111(c) 
                                        that serve similar 
                                        populations and in such 
                                        schools;
                                          ``(bb) establishing 
                                        peer learning and 
                                        coaching among 
                                        teachers; or
                                          ``(cc) facilitating 
                                        collaboration, 
                                        including through 
                                        professional 
                                        communities across 
                                        subject area and 
                                        interdisciplinary 
                                        groups and similar 
                                        schools;
                                  ``(V) appropriately 
                                identifying teachers for each 
                                grade and course; and
                                  ``(VI) the development of 
                                effective leadership 
                                structures, supports, and clear 
                                decision making processes, such 
                                as through developing 
                                distributive leadership and 
                                leadership teams;
                          ``(iv) improve curriculum and 
                        instruction, including through--
                                  ``(I) demonstrating the 
                                relevance of the curriculum and 
                                learning for all students, 
                                including instruction in all 
                                core academic subjects, and may 
                                include the use of online 
                                course-work as long as such 
                                course-work meets standards of 
                                quality and best practices for 
                                online education;
                                  ``(II) increasing access to 
                                rigorous and advanced course-
                                work, including adoption and 
                                implementation of a college- 
                                and career-ready curriculum, 
                                and evidence-based, engaging 
                                instructional materials aligned 
                                with such a curriculum, for all 
                                students;
                                  ``(III) increasing access to 
                                contextualized learning 
                                opportunities aligned with 
                                readiness for postsecondary 
                                education and the workforce, 
                                such as providing--
                                          ``(aa) work-based, 
                                        project-based, and 
                                        service-learning 
                                        opportunities; or
                                          ``(bb) a high-
                                        quality, college 
                                        preparatory curriculum 
                                        in the context of a 
                                        rigorous career and 
                                        technical education 
                                        core;
                                  ``(IV) regularly collecting 
                                and using data to inform 
                                instruction, such as--
                                          ``(aa) through use of 
                                        formative assessments;
                                          ``(bb) creating and 
                                        using common grading 
                                        rubrics; or
                                          ``(cc) identifying 
                                        effective instructional 
                                        approaches to meet 
                                        student needs; and
                                  ``(V) emphasizing core skills 
                                instruction, such as literacy, 
                                across content areas;
                          ``(v) provide students with academic 
                        and social support to address 
                        individual student learning needs, 
                        including through--
                                  ``(I) ensuring access to 
                                services and expertise of 
                                specialized instructional 
                                support personnel;
                                  ``(II) supporting students at 
                                the catch-up level of 
                                achievement who need intensive 
                                intervention;
                                  ``(III) increasing 
                                personalization of the school 
                                experience through learning 
                                structures that facilitate the 
                                development of student and 
                                staff relationships such as--
                                          ``(aa) implementing 
                                        grade 9 academies or 
                                        thematic smaller 
                                        learning communities;
                                          ``(bb) establishing 
                                        teams of teachers who 
                                        work exclusively with 
                                        small groups of 
                                        students; or
                                          ``(cc) creating 
                                        advisor positions to 
                                        provide students with 
                                        study, organizational, 
                                        and social supports;
                                  ``(IV) offering extended-
                                learning, credit recovery, 
                                mentoring, or tutoring options 
                                of sufficient scale to meet 
                                student needs;
                                  ``(V) providing evidence-
                                based, accelerated learning for 
                                students with academic skill 
                                levels below grade level;
                                  ``(VI) coordinating and 
                                increasing access to integrated 
                                services, such as providing 
                                special instructional support 
                                personnel;
                                  ``(VII) providing 
                                transitional support between 
                                grade-spans, including 
                                postsecondary planning; and
                                  ``(VIII) meeting the diverse 
                                learning needs of all students 
                                through strategies such as 
                                multi-tier system of supports 
                                and universal design for 
                                learning, as described in 
                                section 5429(b)(21);
                                  ``(IX) engage families and 
                                community partners, including 
                                community-based organizations, 
                                organizations representing 
                                underserved populations, Indian 
                                tribes (as appropriate), 
                                organizations assisting parent 
                                involvement, institutions of 
                                higher education, and 
                                businesses, in school 
                                improvement activities through 
                                evidence-based strategies; and
                                  ``(X) be provided control 
                                over governance policies, 
                                including flexibility regarding 
                                staffing and compensation, 
                                budgeting, student credit 
                                attainment, or use of school 
                                time, that support the 
                                implementation of effective 
                                school improvement activities 
                                and educational options.
                  ``(E) Submission and approval.--The school 
                improvement team shall submit the school 
                improvement plan to the local educational 
                agency or the State educational agency, as 
                determined by the State educational agency 
                based on the local educational agency's ability 
                to effectively monitor the school improvement 
                activities. Upon receiving the plan, the local 
                educational agency or the State educational 
                agency, as appropriate, shall--
                          ``(i) establish a peer review process 
                        to assist with review of the school 
                        improvement plan; and
                          ``(ii) promptly review the plan, work 
                        with the school improvement team as 
                        necessary, and approve the plan if the 
                        plan meets the requirements of this 
                        paragraph.
                  ``(F) Revision of plan.--A school improvement 
                team may revise the school improvement plan as 
                additional information and data is available.
                  ``(G) Implementation.--A school with the 
                support and assistance of the local educational 
                agency shall implement the school improvement 
                plan expeditiously, but not later than the 
                beginning of the next full school year after 
                identification for improvement.
          ``(4) Evaluation of school improvement.--
                  ``(A) In general.--
                          ``(i) Review.--The State educational 
                        agency or local educational agency, as 
                        determined by the State in accordance 
                        with paragraph (3)(D) shall, annually, 
                        review data with respect to each school 
                        in need of improvement and each 
                        persistently low-achieving school to 
                        set clear benchmarks for progress, to 
                        guide adjustments and corrections, to 
                        evaluate whether the school supports 
                        and interventions for the school are 
                        effective and the school is meeting the 
                        targets for improvement established 
                        under its school improvement plan, and 
                        to specify what actions ensue for 
                        schools not making progress.
                          ``(ii) Data.--In carrying out the 
                        annual review under clause (i), the 
                        school, the local educational agency, 
                        or State educational agency shall 
                        measure progress on--
                                  ``(I) student achievement, 
                                student growth, and graduation 
                                rates against the goals and 
                                targets established under 
                                section 1111(c)(2); and
                                  ``(II) improvement indicators 
                                as established under section 
                                1111(c)(1)(D).
                  ``(B) Schools in need of improvement.--If, 
                after 3 years of implementing its school 
                improvement plan, a school in need of 
                improvement does not meet the goals and targets 
                under section 1111(c)(2) that were identified 
                under the school improvement plan as not being 
                met by the school and the improvement 
                indicators established under section 
                1111(c)(1)(D), then--
                          ``(i) the local educational agency 
                        shall evaluate school performance and 
                        other data, and provide intensive 
                        assistance to that school in order to 
                        improve the effectiveness of the 
                        interventions; and
                          ``(ii) the State educational agency 
                        or the local educational agency, as 
                        determined by the State, shall 
                        determine whether school shall partner 
                        with an external partner--
                                  ``(I) to revise the school 
                                improvement plan; and
                                  ``(II) to improve, and as 
                                appropriate, revise, school 
                                improvement strategies that 
                                meet the requirements of 
                                paragraph (3)(B)(iii).
                  ``(C) Persistently low-achieving schools.--
                If, after 3 years of implementing its school 
                improvement plan, a persistently low-achieving 
                school does not demonstrate progress on the 
                goals and targets under section 1111(c)(2) that 
                were identified under the school improvement 
                plan as not being met by the school or the 
                improvement indicators established under 
                section 1111(c)(1)(D), then--
                          ``(i) the local educational agency, 
                        in collaboration with the State 
                        educational agency, shall determine 
                        whether to implement school closure, 
                        replacement, or State take-over of such 
                        school;
                          ``(ii) the local educational agency, 
                        and as appropriate the State 
                        educational agency, shall develop and 
                        implement a plan to assist with the 
                        transition of the school under clause 
                        (i) that--
                                  ``(I) is developed in 
                                consultation with parents and 
                                the community;
                                  ``(II) addresses the needs of 
                                the students at the school by 
                                considering strategies such 
                                as--
                                          ``(aa) opening a new 
                                        school;
                                          ``(bb) graduating out 
                                        current students and 
                                        closing the school in 
                                        stages; and
                                          ``(cc) enrolling the 
                                        students who attended 
                                        the school in other 
                                        schools in the local 
                                        educational agency that 
                                        are higher achieving, 
                                        provided the other 
                                        schools are within 
                                        reasonable proximity to 
                                        the closed school and 
                                        ensures receiving 
                                        schools have the 
                                        capacity to enroll 
                                        incoming students; and
                                  ``(III) provides information 
                                about high-quality educational 
                                options and transition and 
                                support services to students 
                                who attended that school and 
                                their parents.
                  ``(D) Persistently low achieving school.--If, 
                after 5 years of implementing its school 
                improvement plan, a persistently low achieving 
                school does not demonstrate progress on the 
                goals and targets under section 1111(c)(2) that 
                were identified under the school improvement 
                plan, then the local educational agency, in 
                collaboration with the State educational 
                agency, shall determine whether to implement 
                school closure, replacement, or State take-over 
                of such school as required under subparagraph 
                ``(C).
  ``(c) Local Educational Agency Responsibilities.--A local 
educational agency served by this part, in supporting the 
schools identified as a school in need of improvement or a 
persistently low-achieving school served by the agency, shall--
          ``(1) address local educational agency-wide factors 
        to improve student achievement by--
                  ``(A) supporting the use of data to improve 
                teaching and learning through--
                          ``(i) improving longitudinal data 
                        systems;
                          ``(ii) regularly analyzing and 
                        disseminating usable data to educators, 
                        parents, and students;
                          ``(iii) building the data and 
                        assessment literacy of teachers and 
                        principals; and
                          ``(iv) evaluating at kindergarten 
                        entry the kindergarten readiness of 
                        children and addressing the educational 
                        and development needs determined by 
                        such evaluation;
                  ``(B) addressing school transition needs of 
                the local educational agency by--
                          ``(i) using kindergarten readiness 
                        data to consider improving access to 
                        high-quality early education 
                        opportunities; and
                          ``(ii) providing targeted research-
                        based interventions to middle schools 
                        that feed into high schools identified 
                        for school improvement under this 
                        section;
                  ``(C) developing human capital systems that 
                ensure there is a sufficient pool of effective 
                teachers and school leaders to work in schools 
                served by the local educational agency;
                  ``(D) developing support for school 
                improvement plans among key stakeholders such 
                as parents and families, community groups 
                representing underserved populations, Indian 
                tribes, educators, and teachers;
                  ``(E) carrying out administrative duties 
                under this section, including evaluation for 
                school improvement and technical assistance for 
                schools; and
                  ``(F) coordinating activities under this 
                section with other relevant State and local 
                agencies, as appropriate;
          ``(2) address time and resources factors to improve 
        student achievement by--
                  ``(A) ensuring the local educational agency 
                budget calendar is aligned with school staff 
                and budgeting needs; and
                  ``(B) targeting resources and support to 
                those schools identified as persistently low-
                performing or as in need of improvement;
          ``(3) address teacher and school leader effectiveness 
        by supporting professional development activities 
        aligned to school improvement activities;
          ``(4) address curriculum and instruction factors to 
        improve student achievement by--
                  ``(A) ensuring curriculum alignment with the 
                State's early learning standards and 
                postsecondary education programs;
                  ``(B) providing academically rigorous 
                education options such as--
                          ``(i) effective dropout prevention, 
                        credit and dropout recovery and 
                        recuperative education programs for 
                        disconnected youth and students who are 
                        not making sufficient progress to 
                        graduate high school in the standard 
                        number of years or who have dropped out 
                        of high school;
                          ``(ii) providing students with 
                        postsecondary learning opportunities, 
                        such as through access to a relevant 
                        curriculum or course of study that 
                        enables a student to earn a secondary 
                        school diploma and--
                                  ``(I) an associate's degree; 
                                or
                                  ``(II) not more than 2 years 
                                of transferable credit toward a 
                                postsecondary degree or 
                                credential;
                          ``(iii) integrating rigorous academic 
                        education with career training, 
                        including training that leads to 
                        postsecondary credentials for students;
                          ``(iv) increasing access to Advanced 
                        Placement or International 
                        Baccalaureate courses and examinations; 
                        or
                          ``(v) developing and utilizing 
                        innovative, high quality distance 
                        learning strategies to improve student 
                        academic achievement; and
                  ``(C) considering how technology can be used 
                to support school improvement activities;
          ``(5) address student support factors to improve 
        student achievement by--
                  ``(A) establishing an early warning indicator 
                system to identify students who are at risk of 
                dropping out of high school and to guide 
                preventive and recuperative school improvement 
                strategies, including--
                          ``(i) identifying and analyzing the 
                        academic risk factors that most 
                        reliably predict dropouts by using 
                        longitudinal data of past cohorts of 
                        students;
                          ``(ii) identifying specific 
                        indicators of student progress and 
                        performance, such as attendance, 
                        academic performance in core courses, 
                        and credit accumulation, to guide 
                        decision making;
                          ``(iii) identifying or developing a 
                        mechanism for regularly collecting and 
                        analyzing data about the impact of 
                        interventions on the indicators of 
                        student progress and performance; and
                          ``(iv) analyzing academic indicators 
                        to determine whether students are on 
                        track to graduate secondary school in 
                        the standard numbers of years; and
                  ``(B) identifying and implementing strategies 
                for pairing academic support with integrated 
                student services and case-managed interventions 
                for students requiring intensive supports which 
                may include partnerships with other external 
                partners;
          ``(6) promote family outreach and engagement in 
        school improvement activities to improve student 
        achievement;
          ``(7) for each school identified for school 
        improvement, ensure the provision of technical 
        assistance as the school develops and implements the 
        school improvement plan throughout the plan's duration; 
        and
          ``(8) identify school improvement strategies that are 
        consistently improving student outcomes and disseminate 
        those strategies so that all schools can implement 
        them.
  ``(d) State Educational Agency Responsibilities.--A State 
educational agency served by this part, in supporting schools 
identified as a school in need of improvement or a persistently 
low-achieving school and the local educational agencies serving 
such schools, shall--
          ``(1) assess and address local capacity constraints 
        to ensure that its local educational agencies can meet 
        the requirements of this section;
          ``(2) provide support and technical assistance, 
        including assistance to school leaders, teachers, and 
        other staff, to assist local educational agencies and 
        schools in using data to support school improvement and 
        in addressing the improvement indicators described in 
        section 1111(c)(1)(D) and multiple measures described 
        in section 1111(c)(1)(E), where applicable;
          ``(3) identify school improvement strategies that are 
        consistently improving student outcomes and disseminate 
        those strategies so that all schools can implement 
        them;
          ``(4) target resources and support to those schools 
        in the State that are identified as a school in need of 
        improvement or a persistently low-achieving school and 
        to local educational agencies serving such schools;
          ``(5) leverage resources from other funding sources, 
        such as school improvement funds, technology funds, and 
        professional development funds to support school 
        improvement activities;
          ``(6) provide a statewide system of support, 
        including regional support services, to improve 
        teaching, learning, and student outcomes;
          ``(7) assist local educational agencies in developing 
        early warning indicator systems;
          ``(8) with respect to schools that will work with 
        external partners to improve student achievement--
                  ``(A) develop and apply objective criteria to 
                potential external partners that are based on a 
                demonstrated record of effectiveness in school 
                improvement;
                  ``(B) maintain an updated list of approved 
                external partners across the State;
                  ``(C) develop, implement, and publicly report 
                on standards and techniques for monitoring the 
                quality and effectiveness of the services 
                offered by approved external partners, and for 
                withdrawing approval from external partners 
                that fail to improve persistently low-achieving 
                schools; and
                  ``(D) may identify external partners as 
                approved, consistent with the requirements 
                under paragraph (7), who agree to provide 
                services on the basis of receiving payments 
                only when student achievement has increased at 
                an appropriate level as determined by the State 
                educational agency and school improvement team 
                under subsection (b)(2); and
          ``(9) carry out administrative duties under this 
        section, including providing monitoring and technical 
        assistance to local educational agencies and schools.
  ``(e) Rules of Construction.--Nothing in this section shall 
be construed--
          ``(1) to alter or otherwise affect the rights, 
        remedies, and procedures afforded school or local 
        educational agency employees under Federal, State, or 
        local laws (including applicable regulations or court 
        orders) or under the terms of collective bargaining 
        agreements, memoranda of understanding, or other 
        agreements between such employees and their employers;
          ``(2) to require a child to participate in an early 
        learning program; or
          ``(3) to deny entry to kindergarten for any 
        individual if the individual is legally eligible, as 
        defined by State or local law.
  ``(f) Definition.--In this section, the term `external 
partner' means an entity--
          ``(1) that is an organization such as a nonprofit 
        organization, community-based organization, local 
        education fund, service organization, educational 
        service agency, or institution of higher education; and
          ``(2) that has demonstrated expertise, effectiveness, 
        and a record of success in providing evidence-based 
        strategies and targeted support such as data analysis, 
        professional development, or provision of nonacademic 
        support and integrated student services to local 
        educational agencies, schools, or students that leads 
        to improved teaching, learning, and outcomes for 
        students.''.

SEC. 106. PARENTAL INVOLVEMENT.

  (a) Parental Involvement.--Section 1118 (20 U.S.C. 6318) is 
amended--
          (1) by redesignating subsections (a) through (h) as 
        subsections (b) through (i), respectively; and
          (2) by inserting before subsection (b), as 
        redesignated by paragraph (1), the following:
  ``(a) In General.--Each local educational agency and each 
school receiving funds under this part shall develop policies 
and practices for family engagement in education that meet the 
following principles and standards for family-school 
partnerships:
          ``(1) Welcome all families to be active participants 
        in the life of the school, so that they feel valued and 
        connected to each other, school staff, and student 
        learning.
          ``(2) Communicate effectively by ensuring regular 
        two-way, meaningful communication between family 
        members and local educational agency and school staff 
        in a manner, language, and with technology that family 
        members can understand and access.
          ``(3) Support student success by fostering continuous 
        collaboration between family members and local 
        educational agency and school staff to support student 
        learning and healthy student development at school and 
        at home.
          ``(4) Speak up for every child and empower family 
        members to be advocates for all students within the 
        school.
          ``(5) Ensure that family members, local educational 
        agencies, and school staff are equal partners in family 
        engagement in education decisionmaking.
          ``(6) Collaborate with community organizations and 
        groups to turn the school into a hub of community life.
          ``(7) Create a continuum of family engagement in 
        education in student learning and development from 
        birth to young adulthood.
          ``(8) Train and support superintendents, principals, 
        teachers, and specialized instructional support 
        personnel to fully engage families in the education of 
        their children.''.
  (b) Written Policy.--Section 1118(b)(2), as redesignated by 
subsection (a), is amended--
          (1) in subparagraph (C), by striking ``subsection 
        (e)'' and inserting ``subsection (f)'';
          (2) in subparagraph (E), by striking ``and'' after 
        the semicolon;
          (3) in subparagraph (F), by striking the period at 
        the end and inserting a semicolon; and
          (4) by adding at the end the following:
                  ``(G) participate in evaluations of the 
                effectiveness of family engagement in education 
                strategies and policies; and
                  ``(H) participate in developing 
                recommendations for creating a positive school 
                climate and safe and healthy schools.''.
  (c) Reservation.--Section 1118(b)(3)(A), as redesignated by 
subsection (a), is amended to read as follows:
                  ``(A) In general.--Each local educational 
                agency shall reserve not less than 2 percent of 
                its allocation under subpart 2 to carry out 
                this section, except that this subparagraph 
                shall not apply if 2 percent is such agency's 
                allocation under subpart 2 for the fiscal year 
                for which the determination is made is $10,000 
                or less.''.
  (d) Distribution.--Section 1118(b)(3)(C), as redesignated by 
subsection (a), is amended to read as follows:
                  ``(C) Distribution.--Not more than 20 percent 
                of the funds reserved under subparagraph (A) 
                shall be available for local educational agency 
                programming and technical assistance to schools 
                served under this part.''.
  (e) Reserved Funds.--Section 1118(b)(3), as redesignated by 
subsection (a), is amended--
          (1) by redesignating subparagraphs (B) and (c) as 
        subparagraphs (C) and (D), respectively; and
          (2) by inserting after subparagraph (A) the 
        following:
                  ``(B) Use of funds.--Funds reserved under 
                subparagraph (A) may be used for the following:
                          ``(i) Increasing capacity through 
                        establishment of a dedicated office or 
                        dedicated office or dedicated personnel 
                        within the local educational agency or 
                        at the school level for family 
                        engagement in education.
                          ``(ii) Supporting schools and 
                        nonprofit organizations in providing 
                        professional development on family 
                        engagement in education for school 
                        staff, parent leadership training, 
                        family literacy and numeracy programs, 
                        home visitation programs, family 
                        volunteerism programs, and other 
                        innovative programs that meaningfully 
                        engage families.
                          ``(iii) Providing technical 
                        assistance and training to schools on 
                        the implementation and assessment of 
                        family engagement in education policies 
                        and practices.
                          ``(iv) Providing additional support 
                        to schools that have been identified 
                        for improvement under section 1116(b) 
                        to assist in the implementation of 
                        family engagement in education 
                        coordinators.
                          ``(v) Partnering with the Statewide 
                        Family Engagement Center and local 
                        community-based organizations to 
                        identify community resources, services, 
                        and supports to remove economic 
                        obstacles to family engagement in 
                        education by meeting families' needs.
                          ``(vi) Supporting schools and 
                        eligible entities in the development 
                        and implementation of research-based 
                        practices and programs that emphasize 
                        the importance of family engagement in 
                        academic success and positive 
                        development by addressing factors such 
                        as--
                                  ``(I) successful transitions 
                                from early learning to 
                                kindergarten through grade 12 
                                settings;
                                  ``(II) improved understanding 
                                of and shared responsibility 
                                for student success;
                                  ``(III) improved 
                                understanding and use of 
                                student and school data;
                                  ``(IV) open, effective 
                                communication between schools 
                                and families;
                                  ``(V) early warning 
                                indicators that a student is at 
                                risk of not graduating on time;
                                  ``(VI) improved understanding 
                                of State and local 
                                accountability systems, 
                                academic standards and student 
                                assessments;
                                  ``(VII) parent and community 
                                advocacy to increase parent 
                                participation;
                                  ``(VIII) improved 
                                understanding of the parents' 
                                role in academic, social, and 
                                financial preparation for 
                                postsecondary education, 
                                including career and technical 
                                education.
                          ``(vii) Assisting schools in the 
                        development, implementation, and 
                        assessment of family engagement in 
                        education plans.
                          ``(viii) Monitoring and evaluating 
                        the family engagement in education in 
                        education policies and practices funded 
                        under this section.
                          ``(ix) Supporting other activities 
                        approved in the local educational 
                        agency's plan for improving family 
                        engagement in education.''.
  (f) School Parental Involvement Policy.--Section 1118(c)(1), 
as redesignated by subsection (a), is amended in the first 
sentence by striking ``subsections (c) through (f)'' and 
inserting ``subsections (d) through (g)''.
  (g) Shared Responsibility for High Student Achievement.--
Section 1118(e), as redesignated by subsection (a), is 
amended--
          (1) in the matter preceding paragraph (1), by 
        striking ``subsection (b)'' and inserting ``subsection 
        (c)''; and
          (2) by striking paragraph (1) and inserting the 
        following:
          ``(1) describe the school's responsibility to--
                  ``(A) provide high-quality curriculum and 
                instruction in a supportive and effective 
                learning environment that enables the children 
                served under this part to meet the State's 
                student academic achievement standards, and the 
                ways in which parents and families will support 
                their children's learning, such as--
                          ``(i) monitoring attendance and 
                        homework completion;
                          ``(ii) volunteering in their child's 
                        classroom or school; and
                          ``(iii) participating, as 
                        appropriate, in decisions relating to 
                        the education of their children and 
                        positive use of extracurricular time; 
                        and
                  ``(B) engage families in the development of 
                recommendations for student attendance, 
                expectations, behavior, and school safety, 
                including the development of reasonable 
                disciplinary policies and interventions, such 
                as the implementation of school-wide positive 
                behavior interventions and supports and the 
                phase-out of out-of-school suspension and 
                expulsion and to address bullying and 
                harassment; and''.

SEC. 107. COMPARABLE ALLOCATION OF EXPENDITURES.

  (a) Amendment.--Section 1120A(c) of the Elementary and 
Secondary Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 6321(c)) is amended 
to read as follows:
  ``(c) Comparable Allocation of Expenditures.--
          ``(1) In general.--
                  ``(A) Comparable funding.--Not later than 5 
                full school years after the date of enactment 
                the Student Success Act, except as provided in 
                paragraphs (5), (6), and (7), a local 
                educational agency may receive funds under this 
                part for a fiscal year only if, for the 
                preceding fiscal year, the combined expenditure 
                per pupil of State and local funds, including 
                personnel and nonpersonnel costs, in each 
                school served under this part was at least 
                comparable to the average combined expenditure 
                per pupil of State and local funds, including 
                personnel and nonpersonnel costs, across all 
                schools served by the local educational agency 
                that are not receiving funds under this part.
                  ``(B) Comparable funding among title i 
                schools.--In any case where all of the schools 
                served by a local educational agency receive 
                support under this part, such agency may 
                receive funds under this part only if, for the 
                preceding fiscal year, the combined expenditure 
                per pupil of State and local funds in each 
                higher poverty school is at least comparable to 
                the average combined expenditure per pupil of 
                State and local funds across all lower poverty 
                schools.
          ``(2) Equivalence.--A local educational agency shall 
        be considered to have met the requirements of paragraph 
        (1), and to be eligible to receive funds under this 
        part, if--
                  ``(A) such agency has filed annually with the 
                State educational agency a school-by-school 
                listing of per-pupil expenditures of State and 
                local funds, as described in paragraph (1), for 
                each school served by the agency for the 
                preceding fiscal year; and
                  ``(B) the listing described in subparagraph 
                (A) demonstrates comparable allocation of per-
                pupil expenditures across schools as required 
                by subparagraph (A) or (B) of paragraph (1).
          ``(3) Basis.--A local educational agency may meet the 
        requirements of paragraphs (1) or (2) across all 
        schools or among schools serving a particular grade 
        span, if the local educational agency compares schools 
        within not more than three grade spans.
          ``(4) Requirements.--
                  ``(A) Requirements of the secretary.--The 
                Secretary shall issue regulations concerning 
                the responsibilities of State educational 
                agencies and local educational agencies for 
                meeting the requirements of this subsection.
                  ``(B) Requirements of states.--Each State 
                educational agency receiving funds under this 
                part shall--
                          ``(i) create and distribute to local 
                        educational agencies, and make 
                        available to the public, regulations on 
                        the responsibilities of local 
                        educational agencies for meeting the 
                        requirements of this subsection; and
                          ``(ii) submit a plan to the 
                        Secretary, required under section 
                        1111(d)(1)(B).
                  ``(C) Requirements of local educational 
                agencies.--Not later than 18 months after the 
                date of enactment of the Student Success Act, 
                each local educational agency receiving funds 
                under this part shall develop and submit to the 
                State educational agency a plan, which shall be 
                made available to the public, that will ensure 
                comparable allocation of resources as described 
                in paragraph (1) not later than 5 full school 
                years after the date of enactment of the 
                Student Success Act, including information on--
                          ``(i) a timeline and annual 
                        benchmarks for making progress toward 
                        achieving comparable allocation of 
                        resources; and
                          ``(ii) how the local educational 
                        agency is aligning school improvement 
                        efforts described under section 1116(b) 
                        and (c), efforts to improve educator 
                        supports and working conditions 
                        described in section 2112(b)(3), and 
                        efforts to improve the equitable 
                        distribution of teachers and principals 
                        described in section 2112(b)(5), with 
                        efforts to improve the comparable 
                        allocation of resources as described in 
                        this subsection;
          ``(5) Inapplicability.--This subsection shall not 
        apply to a local educational agency that does not have 
        more than one building for each grade span.
          ``(6) Compliance.--For the purpose of determining 
        compliance with paragraph (1), a local educational 
        agency--
                  ``(A) shall exclude State and local funds 
                expended for the excess costs of providing 
                English language instruction for Limited 
                English Proficient students as determined by 
                the local educational agency;
                  ``(B) shall exclude State and local funds 
                expended for the excess costs of providing 
                services to children with disabilities as 
                determined by the local educational agency;
                  ``(C) may exclude capital expenditures; and
                  ``(D) may exclude supplemental State or local 
                funds expended in any school attendance area or 
                school for programs that meet the intent and 
                purpose of this part.
          ``(7) Exclusions.--A local educational agency need 
        not include unpredictable or significant changes in 
        student enrollment or personnel assignments that occur 
        after the beginning of a school year in determining the 
        comparable allocation of expenditures under this 
        subsection.
          ``(8) Transitional compliance.--Beginning on the date 
        of enactment of Student Success Act, for no more than 5 
        full school years a local educational agency shall be 
        deemed to be in compliance with paragraph (1) and 
        paragraph (4)(C)(i) for any school year, if the 
        teachers hired to fill vacancies for individual schools 
        served under this part, and for the schools not served 
        under this part, improve the comparable allocation of 
        combined State and local per pupil expenditures 
        compared to the preceding school year.
          ``(9) Waiver.--A local educational agency may apply 
        to the Secretary to waive the requirement of paragraph 
        (1), for not more than 1 year at a time, if the 
        Secretary determines that the failure to comply with 
        such requirement is due to exceptional or 
        uncontrollable circumstances, such as a natural 
        disaster or a precipitous and unforeseen decline in the 
        agency's financial resources.
          ``(10) Rule of construction.--Nothing in this section 
        shall be construed to alter or otherwise affect the 
        rights, remedies, and procedures afforded school or 
        local educational agency employees under Federal, 
        State, or local laws (including applicable regulations 
        or court orders) or under the terms of collective 
        bargaining agreements, memoranda of understanding, or 
        other agreements between such employees and their 
        employers.
          ``(11) No forced transfers.--Nothing in this 
        subsection shall be construed to require a local 
        educational agency to transfer school personnel in 
        order to comply with the requirements of this 
        subsection.''.

SEC. 108. COORDINATION REQUIREMENTS.

  Section 1120B of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act 
of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 6321(c)) is amended to read as follows:

``SEC. 1120B. COORDINATION REQUIREMENTS.

  ``(a) In General.--Each local educational agency receiving 
assistance under this part shall--
          ``(1) coordinate, as feasible, with early childhood 
        programs to carry out the activities described in 
        subsection (b); and
          ``(2) develop agreements with Head Start agencies to 
        carry out the activities described in subsection (b).
  ``(b) Activities.--The activities referred to in subsection 
(a) are activities that increase coordination between the local 
educational agency and a Head Start agency and, if feasible, 
other entities carrying out early childhood development 
programs serving children who will attend the schools of the 
local educational agency, including--
          ``(1) developing and implementing a systematic 
        procedure for receiving records regarding such 
        children, transferred with parental consent from a Head 
        Start program or, where applicable, another early 
        childhood development program;
          ``(2) establishing channels of communication between 
        school staff and in such Head Start agencies or other 
        entities carrying out early their counterparts 
        (including teachers, social workers, and health staff) 
        childhood development programs, as appropriate, to 
        facilitate coordination of programs;
          ``(3) conducting meetings involving parents, 
        kindergarten or elementary school teachers, and Head 
        Start teachers or, if appropriate, teachers from other 
        early childhood development programs, to discuss the 
        developmental and other needs of individual children;
          ``(4) organizing and participating in joint 
        transition-related training of school staff, Head Start 
        program staff, and, where appropriate, other early 
        childhood development program staff; and
          ``(5) linking the educational services provided by 
        such local educational agency with the services 
        provided by local Head Start agencies.
  ``(c) Coordination of Regulations.--The Secretary shall work 
with the Secretary of Health and Human Services to coordinate 
regulations promulgated under this part with regulations 
promulgated under the Head Start Act.''.

SEC. 109. RESERVATION OF FUNDS FOR THE OUTLYING AREAS AND BUREAU OF 
                    INDIAN EDUCATION SCHOOLS.

  Section 1121(a) of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act 
of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 6331(a)) is amended to read as follows:
  ``(a) Reservation of Funds.--
          ``(1) In general.--From the amount appropriated for 
        payments to States for any fiscal year under section 
        1002(a) and 1125A(f), the Secretary shall reserve--
                  ``(A) for each fiscal year until the fiscal 
                year described in paragraph (2), a total of 1 
                percent to provide assistance to--
                          ``(i) the outlying areas in the 
                        amount determined in accordance with 
                        subsection (b); and
                          ``(ii) the Secretary of the Interior 
                        in the amount necessary to make 
                        payments pursuant to subsection (d); 
                        and
                  ``(B) for the fiscal year described in 
                paragraph (2) and each succeeding fiscal year--
                          ``(i) 0.50 percent to provide 
                        assistance to the outlying areas in the 
                        amount determined in accordance with 
                        subsection (b); and
                          ``(ii) 0.75 percent to provide 
                        assistance to the Secretary of the 
                        Interior in the amount necessary to 
                        make payments pursuant to subsection 
                        (d).
          ``(2) Description of fiscal year.--A fiscal year 
        described in this paragraph is a fiscal year for which 
        the total amount allocated under this part for each 
        State, after reserving funds in accordance with 
        paragraph (1)(B), would be an amount that is not less 
        than the total amount allocated under this part for 
        such State for fiscal year 2014.''.

SEC. 110. SUPPORT FOR HIGH-QUALITY ASSESSMENTS.

  (a) Amendment.--Part A of title I (20 U.S.C. 6311 et seq.) is 
amended by adding at the end the following new subpart:

           ``Subpart 3--Support for High-Quality Assessments

``SEC. 1131. SUPPORTING COLLEGE AND CAREER READY ASSESSMENTS.

  ``From funds made available to carry out this subpart, the 
Secretary shall make grants to States to enable a State--
          ``(1) to pay the costs of the development of college 
        and career ready assessments and standards required by 
        section 1111(b), including--
                  ``(A) the costs of working in voluntary 
                partnerships with other States, where 
                applicable;
                  ``(B) developing high-quality science 
                assessments in accordance with section 
                1111(b)(3);
                  ``(C) if a State uses alternate assessments 
                aligned with alternate achievement standards 
                for students with the most significant 
                cognitive disabilities, improving the quality 
                and rigor of such assessments to meet the 
                requirements of section 1111(b)(3)(E);
                  ``(D) in accordance with section 
                1111(b)(3)(D), developing native language 
                assessments; and
                  ``(E) improving assessments of English 
                language proficiency necessary to comply with 
                section 1111(b)(3)(F); and
          ``(2) if a State has developed the assessments and 
        standards required by section 1111(b), to administer 
        those assessments or to carry out other activities 
        described in this subpart and other activities related 
        to ensuring that the State's schools and local 
        educational agencies are held accountable for results, 
        such as--
                  ``(A) developing college and career ready 
                academic content and student achievement 
                standards and aligned assessments that meet the 
                requirements of section 1111(b)(3) in academic 
                subjects for which standards and assessments 
                are not required by section 1111(b);
                  ``(B) ensuring the continued validity and 
                reliability of State assessments, including 
                through evaluating and addressing the 
                predictability of assessment components;
                  ``(C) refining State assessments to ensure 
                their continued alignment with the State's 
                college and career ready content standards and 
                to improve the alignment of curricula and 
                instructional materials;
                  ``(D) developing and implementing formative 
                assessments aligned to the college and career 
                ready standards to support teaching and 
                learning;
                  ``(E) strengthening the capacity of local 
                educational agencies and schools to provide all 
                students the opportunity to increase 
                educational achievement, including carrying out 
                professional development activities to support 
                assessment literacy and help teachers and 
                school leaders effectively use data to improve 
                instruction;
                  ``(F) supporting the accessibility of State 
                assessment systems for all students, including 
                students with disabilities and English 
                learners, by incorporating principles of 
                universal design for learning, as described in 
                section 5429(b)(21);
                  ``(G) expanding the range of accommodations 
                available to English learners and students with 
                disabilities, including professional 
                development activities to increase effective 
                use of accommodations; and
                  ``(H) improving the dissemination of 
                information on student achievement and school 
                performance to parents and the community.

``SEC. 1132. GRANTS FOR HIGH-QUALITY ASSESSMENTS.

  ``(a) Grant Program Authorized.--From funds made available to 
carry out this subpart, the Secretary shall award, on a 
competitive basis, grants to State educational agencies that 
have submitted an application at such time, in such manner, and 
containing such information as the Secretary may require, which 
demonstrate to the satisfaction of the Secretary, that the 
requirements of this section will be met, for the following:
          ``(1) To enable States or consortia of States to 
        collaborate with institutions of higher education, 
        other research institutions, or other organizations to 
        improve the quality, accessibility, validity, and 
        reliability of college and career ready assessments 
        described in section 1111(b)(3).
          ``(2) To measure student academic achievement 
        including the ability to think critically, solve 
        problems, and communicate effectively, for, at a 
        minimum, the grade in which the student is enrolled 
        using multiple measures of student academic achievement 
        from multiple sources.
          ``(3) To measure student growth over time.
          ``(4) To evaluate student academic achievement 
        through the development of comprehensive academic 
        assessment instruments, such as performance and 
        technology-based academic assessments.
  ``(b) Application.--Each State educational agency wishing to 
apply for funds under this section shall include in its State 
plan under this part such information as the Secretary may 
require.
  ``(c) Annual Report.--Each State educational agency receiving 
a grant under this section shall submit an annual report to the 
Secretary describing its activities, and the result of those 
activities, under the grant.

``SEC. 1133. COMPETENCY-BASED ASSESSMENT AND ACCOUNTABILITY 
                    DEMONSTRATION AUTHORITY.

  ``(a) Definitions.--In this part:
          ``(1) College and career ready standards.--The term 
        `college and career ready standards' means the academic 
        content and student academic achievement standards 
        adopted by a State under section 1111(b).
          ``(2) Competency.--The term `competency' means a 
        target for student learning representing key content-
        specific concepts and higher order skills, such as 
        critical thinking, problem solving, and self directed 
        learning that is--
                  ``(A) applied within or across content 
                domains; and
                  ``(B) aligned with college and career ready 
                content standards as described in section 
                1111(b).
          ``(3) Core indicators.--The term `core indicators' 
        means--
                  ``(A) State academic assessments that meet 
                the requirements of section 1111(b)(3) and that 
                provide data that can be compared with data 
                regarding the State academic assessments 
                required under section 1111(b)(3); and
                  ``(B) graduation rates.
          ``(4) Eligible entity.--The term `eligible entity' 
        means a State educational agency or consortium of State 
        educational agencies.
          ``(5) Mastery.--The term `mastery' means a level of 
        knowledge or skill development demonstrated by a 
        student signifying that the student has met a standard 
        and is prepared to progress to a subsequent standard.
          ``(6) Performance assessment.--The term `performance 
        assessment' means a multi-step assessment that--
                  ``(A) includes complex activities with clear 
                criteria, expectations, and processes that 
                enable students to interact with meaningful 
                content; and
                  ``(B) measures the depth at which students 
                learn content and apply complex skills to 
                create or refine an original product or 
                solution.
  ``(b) Demonstration Authority.--
          ``(1) In general.--The Secretary may provide eligible 
        entities, in accordance with paragraph (3), with the 
        authority to incorporate competency-based 
        accountability into the State accountability system 
        required under section 1111(c) in accordance with an 
        application approved under subsection (c).
          ``(2) Demonstration period.--Each award of 
        demonstration authority under this part shall be for a 
        period of 3 years.
          ``(3) Initial demonstration authority; expansion; 
        renewal.--
                  ``(A) Initial limit.--During the initial 3- 
                year period of demonstration authority under 
                this section, the Secretary may not provide 
                more than 3 eligible entities with the 
                authority described in paragraph (1).
                  ``(B) Expansion of demonstration authority.--
                After the end of the initial demonstration 
                period described in subparagraph (A), the 
                Secretary may provide additional eligible 
                entities with demonstration authority described 
                in paragraph (1), subject to each of the 
                requirements of this part as applicable, if the 
                Secretary determines that the demonstration 
                authority provided under this part during the 
                initial demonstration period has effectively 
                supported student progress on core indicators 
                among students served by the eligible entities, 
                including subgroups of students described in 
                section 1111(c)(3)(A).
                  ``(C) Renewal requirements.--The Secretary 
                may renew an award of demonstration authority 
                under this part for additional 2-year periods 
                if the eligible entity demonstrates progress on 
                core indicators.
  ``(c) Applications.--To be eligible to participate in the 
demonstration under this part, an eligible entity shall submit 
an application to the Secretary at such time, in such manner, 
and containing such information as the Secretary may require, 
that describes the competency-based accountability system that 
will be used by the eligible entity, including--
          ``(1) an assurance that the competency-based 
        accountability system will only utilize summative 
        assessments for accountability purposes that--
                  ``(A) are determined by the Secretary to 
                provide comparable data across the eligible 
                entity, demonstrate inter-rater reliability, 
                and meet the requirements for assessments 
                described in section 1111(b)(3);
                  ``(B) have been field-tested;
                  ``(C) are aligned to college and career ready 
                standards and State-approved competencies;
                  ``(D) have been developed in collaboration 
                with stakeholders representing the interests of 
                students with disabilities, English learners, 
                and civil rights organizations in the State, as 
                demonstrated through modifications made to the 
                assessments resulting from such collaboration; 
                and
                  ``(E) incorporate the principles of universal 
                design as defined in section 3(a) of the 
                Assistive Technology Act of 1998 (29 U.S.C. 
                3002(a));
          ``(2) how the competency-based accountability system 
        will--
                  ``(A) incorporate a system of formative, 
                interim, and summative assessments, including 
                the use of performance assessments and other 
                sources of evidence of student learning that 
                determine mastery of State-approved 
                competencies aligned to college and career 
                ready standards and competencies;
                  ``(B) allow students to demonstrate progress 
                toward mastery of such standards and State-
                approved competencies;
                  ``(C) assess mastery of State-approved 
                competencies when students are ready to 
                demonstrate mastery of such standards and 
                competencies;
                  ``(D) provide students with multiple 
                opportunities to demonstrate mastery of such 
                standards and competencies;
                  ``(E) ensure that summative assessments 
                comply with the requirements for academic 
                assessments, as described in section 
                1111(b)(3), while engaging and supporting 
                teachers in scoring assessments, including the 
                use of high quality professional development, 
                standardized and calibrated scoring rubrics, 
                and other strategies to ensure inter-rater 
                reliability and comparability of determinations 
                of mastery across the State;
                  ``(F) provide educators, students, and 
                parents with real-time data to inform 
                instructional practice and continuously improve 
                student performance;
                  ``(G) be used in conjunction with the 
                accountability requirements described in 
                section 1111(c) and section 1116 to improve the 
                academic outcomes of persistently low-achieving 
                schools and schools in need of improvement 
                identified under section 1116, and all other 
                schools that fail to meet the school 
                performance targets, established in accordance 
                with section 1111(c)(2), for any subgroup 
                described in section 1111(c)(3)(A);
                  ``(H) require not less than 1 year of 
                academic growth within a school year for each 
                student and assure instructional support and 
                targeted intervention are in place for those 
                students performing below their peers; and
                  ``(I) only utilize a student's individualized 
                education program, as defined in section 602 of 
                the Individuals with Disabilities Education 
                Act, for purposes specifically allowed under 
                such Act;
          ``(3) the eligible entity's plan to--
                  ``(A) ensure that all students, including 
                each student subgroup described in section 
                1111(c)(3)(A)--
                          ``(i) are held to the same high 
                        standard;
                          ``(ii) demonstrate annually, at a 
                        minimum, at least 1 year of academic 
                        growth consistent with the requirement 
                        in section1111(b)(4)(E); and
                          ``(iii) receive the instructional 
                        support needed to attain mastery of 
                        college and career ready standards and 
                        State-approved competencies;
                  ``(B) train local educational agency and 
                school staff to implement the assessments 
                described in paragraph (2)(A);
                  ``(C) acclimate students to the new 
                assessment and accountability systems; and
                  ``(D) ensure that each local educational 
                agency has the technological infrastructure to 
                operate the competency-based accountability 
                system described in this section; and
          ``(4) a description of how instruction and 
        professional development will be enhanced within the 
        competency-based system to personalize the educational 
        experience for each student to ensure all students 
        graduate college and career ready, as determined in 
        accordance with State academic achievement standards 
        under section 1111(b).
  ``(d) Peer Review.--The Secretary shall--
          ``(1) implement a peer review process, which shall 
        include a review team comprised of practitioners and 
        experts who are knowledgeable about competency-based 
        learning systems, to inform the awarding of the 
        demonstration authority under this part; and
          ``(2) make publicly available the applications 
        submitted under subsection (c) and the peer comments 
        and recommendations on such applications.
  ``(e) Demonstration Authority Withdrawn.--The Secretary may 
withdraw the demonstration authority provided to an eligible 
entity under this part if--
          ``(1) at any point after the first 2 years of the 3-
        year demonstration period described in subsection 
        (b)(2), the Secretary determines that student 
        performance for all students served by the eligible 
        entity or any student subgroup described under section 
        1111(c)(3)(A) has declined on core indicators; or
          ``(2) after providing a State with a renewal of 
        demonstration authority under subsection (b)(3), the 
        Secretary makes a determination that student 
        performance has declined on core indicators for all 
        students or any student subgroup described under 
        section 1111(c)(3)(A) for 2 consecutive years during 
        the State's participation in the demonstration under 
        this part.
  ``(f) Dissemination of Best Practices.--The Secretary shall 
disseminate best practices on the implementation of competency-
based accountability systems, including on--
          ``(1) the effective use of formative, interim, and 
        summative assessments to inform instruction;
          ``(2) the development of summative assessments that 
        meet the requirements of section 1111(b)(3), can be 
        compared with the State assessments required under 
        section 1111(b)(3), and include assessment tasks that 
        determine mastery of State-approved competencies 
        aligned to college and career ready standards; and
          ``(3) the development of standardized and calibrated 
        scoring rubrics, and other strategies to ensure inter-
        rater reliability and comparability of determinations 
        of mastery across the State.

``SEC. 1134. FUNDING.

  ``(a) Authorization of Appropriations.--For the purpose of 
carrying out this subpart, there are authorized to be 
appropriated $500,000,000 for fiscal year 2014, and such sums 
as may be necessary for each of the 5 succeeding fiscal years.
  ``(b) Allotment of Appropriated Funds.--
          ``(1) In general.--From amounts made available for 
        each fiscal year under subsection (a), the Secretary 
        shall--
                  ``(A) reserve one-half of 1 percent for the 
                Bureau of Indian Affairs;
                  ``(B) reserve one-half of 1 percent for the 
                outlying areas; and
                  ``(C) from the remainder, allocate to each 
                State an amount equal to--
                          ``(i) $3,000,000; and
                          ``(ii) with respect to any amounts 
                        remaining after the allocation is made 
                        under clause (i), an amount that bears 
                        the same relationship to such total 
                        remaining amounts as the number of 
                        students ages 5 through 17 in the State 
                        (as determined by the Secretary on the 
                        basis of the most recent satisfactory 
                        data) bears to the total number of such 
                        students in all States.
          ``(2) Remainder.--Any amounts remaining for a fiscal 
        year after the Secretary carries out paragraph (1) 
        shall be made available as follows:
                  ``(A)(i) To award funds under sections 1132 
                and 1133 to States according to the quality, 
                needs, and scope of the State application under 
                that section.
                  ``(ii) In determining the grant amount under 
                clause (i), the Secretary shall ensure that a 
                State's grant shall include an amount that 
                bears the same relationship to the total funds 
                available under this paragraph for the fiscal 
                year as the number of students ages 5 through 
                17 in the State (as determined by the Secretary 
                on the basis of the most recent satisfactory 
                data) bears to the total number of such 
                students in all States.
                  ``(B) Any amounts remaining after the 
                Secretary awards funds under subparagraph (A) 
                shall be allocated to each State that did not 
                receive a grant under such subparagraph, in an 
                amount that bears the same relationship to the 
                total funds available under this subparagraph 
                as the number of students ages 5 through 17 in 
                the State (as determined by the Secretary on 
                the basis of the most recent satisfactory data) 
                bears to the total number of such students in 
                all States.

``SEC. 1135. STATE DEFINED.

  ``In this section, the term `State' means each of the 50 
States, the District of Columbia, and the Commonwealth of 
Puerto Rico.''.
  (b) Conforming Amendment.--Subpart 1 of part A of title VI 
(20 U.S.C. 7301 et seq.) is repealed.

                     TITLE II--TEACHERS AND LEADERS

SEC. 201. GREAT TEACHERS AND LEADERS.

  Title II (20 U.S.C. 6601 et seq.) is amended to read as 
follows:

                 ``TITLE II--GREAT TEACHERS AND LEADERS

``SEC. 2001. PURPOSE.

  ``The purpose of this title is to help States and local 
educational agencies support teachers and school leaders to 
improve student achievement for all students, including English 
learners and students with disabilities, by--
          ``(1) promoting and enhancing the teaching 
        profession;
          ``(2) supporting the development of effective of 
        teachers and school leaders;
          ``(3) recruiting, rewarding, and retaining effective 
        teachers and other school leaders and fostering 
        excellent instructional teams, especially in high-need 
        local educational agencies, schools, fields, and 
        subjects;
          ``(4) providing teachers with the knowledge, skills, 
        data, support, and collaborative opportunities needed 
        to be effective in the classroom and to the meet the 
        diverse learning needs of their students;
          ``(5) providing all students with access to effective 
        teachers and school leaders; and
          ``(6) improving the management of the education 
        workforce in States and local educational agencies.

``SEC. 2002. DEFINITIONS.

  ``In this title:
          ``(1) Career ladders.--The term `career ladders' 
        means promotion and professional growth opportunities, 
        beyond moving into administration, for teachers who 
        have been rated as at least effective by a teacher 
        evaluation system that meets the requirements of 
        section 2112(b)(1), including teacher leaders, 
        instructional or curriculum specialists, and teacher 
        mentors, who help improve teaching and learning in a 
        school or local educational agency.
          ``(2) High-need field.--The term `high-need field' 
        refers to the fields of special education, bilingual 
        education, and English language acquisition.
          ``(3) High-need subject.--The term `high-need 
        subject' means mathematics, science, and any other 
        content area--
                  ``(A) that is designated by a State 
                educational agency or the Secretary as a 
                teacher shortage area; or
                  ``(B) with respect to which a local 
                educational agency determines, based on the 
                needs assessment required under section 
                2122(a)(2), that, in the schools or a subset of 
                schools of the agency, there is a shortage of 
                teachers who have been rated by a State-
                approved teacher and principal evaluation that 
                meets the requirements of section 2112(b)(1) as 
                at least effective.
          ``(4) High-need local educational agency.--The term 
        `high-need local educational agency' means a local 
        educational agency--
                  ``(A)(i) that serves not fewer than 10,000 
                children from families with incomes below the 
                poverty line; or
                  ``(ii) for which not less than 20 percent of 
                the children served by the agency are from 
                families with incomes below the poverty line; 
                and
                  ``(B)(i) for which there is a high percentage 
                of teachers not teaching in the academic 
                subjects or grade levels that the teachers were 
                trained to teach; or
                  ``(ii) for which there is a high percentage 
                of teachers with emergency, provisional, or 
                temporary certification or licensing.
          ``(5) Qualified teacher.--The term `qualified 
        teacher' means a teacher who meets the minimum 
        qualifications to teach in a State and--
                  ``(A) when used with respect to a middle 
                school or high school teacher who is entering 
                the profession in a State for the first time, 
                means that the teacher--
                          ``(i) holds at least a bachelor's 
                        degree;
                          ``(ii) has demonstrated to the State, 
                        content knowledge in the content area 
                        that the teacher will teach as 
                        determined--
                                  ``(I) by passing a rigorous 
                                State assessment; or
                                  ``(II) by successful 
                                completion of an academic 
                                major, a graduate degree, or 
                                coursework equivalent to an 
                                undergraduate academic major in 
                                the content area that the 
                                teacher will teach;
                          ``(iii) if required by the State to 
                        demonstrate teaching skills by passing 
                        a State teacher performance assessment, 
                        has passed such assessment;
                          ``(iv) has successfully completed a 
                        traditional or alternative teacher 
                        preparation program; and
                          ``(v) at the State's discretion, may 
                        be enrolled in an alternative teacher 
                        preparation program, and--
                                  ``(I) be on track to 
                                successful completion of such 
                                program; and
                                  ``(II) be supervised by a 
                                mentor teacher who has been 
                                consistently rated in the 
                                highest rating categories by a 
                                teacher evaluation system that 
                                meets the requirements of 
                                section 2112(b)(1);
                  ``(B) when used with respect to an elementary 
                school teacher who is entering the profession 
                in a State for the first time, means that the 
                teacher--
                          ``(i) holds at least a bachelor's 
                        degree;
                          ``(ii) has demonstrated to the State, 
                        content knowledge and teaching skills 
                        in reading, writing, mathematics, 
                        science, and other areas of the 
                        elementary school curriculum--
                                  ``(I) by passing a rigorous 
                                passing a rigorous State 
                                assessment or State-required 
                                test in reading, writing, 
                                mathematics, science, and other 
                                areas of the basic elementary 
                                school curriculum; or
                                  ``(II) by successful 
                                completion of an academic 
                                major, a graduate degree, or 
                                coursework equivalent to an 
                                undergraduate academic major in 
                                the content areas that the 
                                teacher will teach;
                          ``(iii) if required by the State to 
                        demonstrate teaching skills by passing 
                        a State teacher performance assessment, 
                        has passed such assessment;
                          ``(iv) has successfully completed a 
                        traditional or alternative teacher 
                        preparation program;
                          ``(v) at the State's discretion, may 
                        be enrolled in an alternative teacher 
                        preparation program; and
                                  ``(I) be on track to 
                                successful completion of such 
                                program; and
                                  ``(II) be supervised by a 
                                mentor teacher who has been 
                                consistently rated in the 
                                highest rating categories by a 
                                teacher evaluation system that 
                                meets the requirements of 
                                section 2112(b)(1); and
                  ``(C) means any teacher who is highly 
                qualified as defined in section 9101(23) or 
                section 602(10) of the Individuals with 
                Disabilities Education Act, as such section was 
                in effect on the day before the date of 
                enactment of the Student Success Act.
          ``(6) Induction.--The term `induction' means a 
        program for new teachers and new principals, as 
        appropriate, during at least their first 2 years of 
        practice, that is designed to increase effectiveness 
        and retention of new teachers and new principals, and 
        that includes--
                  ``(A) high-quality mentoring;
                  ``(B) development of skills and knowledge in 
                areas needed for new teachers, including, 
                content knowledge and pedagogy, instructional 
                strategies for teaching students with diverse 
                learning needs, classroom management (including 
                strategies that improve the school-wide climate 
                for learning, which may include positive 
                behavioral interventions and supports), 
                formative assessment of student learning, and 
                the analysis and use of student assessment data 
                to improve instruction;
                  ``(C) frequent, structured time for 
                collaboration and professional development with 
                teachers and principals in the same field, 
                grade, or subject area, and opportunities to 
                draw directly on the expertise of other school 
                and local educational agency staff, staff of 
                high-performing pathways, and other 
                organizations that provide high-quality 
                induction supports;
                  ``(D) regular and structured observation and 
                feedback by mentors, school leaders, or 
                teachers who have been consistently rated in 
                the highest rating categories by a teacher 
                evaluation system that meets the requirements 
                of section 2112(b)(1); and
                  ``(E) where feasible, team teaching, reduced 
                teaching load and activities designed to ensure 
                that teachers have appropriate teaching tools 
                and instructional materials for their 
                classroom.
          ``(7) Mentoring.--The term `mentoring' means the 
        mentoring of new teachers and principals, as 
        appropriate, so as to increase the effectiveness and 
        retention of those teachers and principals through a 
        program tat--
                  ``(A) includes clear criteria for the 
                selection of teacher and principal mentors that 
                take into account a candidate's effectiveness 
                as a teacher or principals and that individuals 
                ability to facilitate adult learning;
                  ``(B) provides high-quality training for the 
                mentors on how to support new teachers and 
                principals effectively;
                  ``(C) provides regularly scheduled time for 
                collaboration and for examination of student 
                work and achievement data, and on-going 
                opportunities for mentors and mentees to 
                observe each other's practice; and
                  ``(D) matches, when possible, each mentee 
                with a mentor who is in the same field, grade, 
                or subject area as the mentee.
          ``(8) Professional development.--The term 
        `professional development' means coordinated and 
        aligned activities with evidence of increasing 
        effectiveness of educators, which may include teachers, 
        principals, other school leaders, specialized 
        instructional support personnel, paraprofessionals, 
        early childhood educators, and other school staff 
        that--
                  ``(A) fosters collective responsibility for 
                improved student performance;
                  ``(B) is comprised of professional learning 
                that--
                          ``(i) aligns with State academic 
                        content and achievement standards and 
                        early learning standards, as 
                        appropriate, with local educational 
                        agency and school improvement goals and 
                        plans, including those identified under 
                        section 1116, and with school 
                        instructional materials;
                          ``(ii) is aligned to a State-approved 
                        teacher and principal evaluation system 
                        the meets the requirements of section 
                        2112(b)(1) ;
                          ``(iii) is conducted among educators 
                        at the school and facilitated by 
                        trained school principals and school-
                        based professional development coaches, 
                        mentors, master teachers, or other 
                        teacher leaders;
                          ``(iv) supports family engagement in 
                        their children's education;
                          ``(v) primarily occurs frequently and 
                        during significant blocks of time among 
                        established teams of teachers, 
                        principals, and other instructional 
                        staff members where the teams of 
                        educators engage in a continuous cycle 
                        of improvement that--
                                  ``(I) defines a clear set of 
                                educator learning goals based 
                                on the rigorous analysis of 
                                data and individual evaluations 
                                under section 2112(b)(1) and 
                                improves content knowledge, 
                                pedagogical skills, and the 
                                ability to analyze and use 
                                data;
                                  ``(II) achieves the educator 
                                learning goals based identified 
                                under subclause (I) by 
                                implementing coherent, 
                                sustained, and evidence-based 
                                learning strategies, such as 
                                lesson study and the 
                                development of formative 
                                assessments, that improve 
                                instructional effectiveness and 
                                student achievement;
                                  ``(III) provides job-embedded 
                                coaching or other forms of 
                                assistance to support the 
                                transfer of new knowledge and 
                                skills to the classroom;
                                  ``(IV) regularly assesses the 
                                effectiveness of the 
                                professional development in 
                                achieving identified learning 
                                goals, improving teaching, and 
                                assisting all students in 
                                meeting challenging State 
                                academic achievement standards;
                                  ``(V) informs ongoing 
                                improvements in teaching and 
                                student learning;
                                  ``(VI) may support joint 
                                professional development 
                                activities for school staff and 
                                early childhood educators that 
                                address the transition to 
                                elementary school, including 
                                issues related to school 
                                readiness across all major 
                                domains of early learning; and
                                  ``(VII) may be supported by 
                                external assistance with 
                                relevant expertise, including 
                                content expertise; and
                  ``(C) may be supplemented by activities such 
                as courses, workshops, institutes, networks, 
                and conferences that--
                          ``(i) address the learning goals and 
                        objectives established for professional 
                        development by educators at the school 
                        level;
                          ``(ii) advance the ongoing school-
                        based professional development; and
                          ``(iii) are provided for by for-
                        profit and non-profit entities outside 
                        the school such as universities, 
                        education service agencies, technical 
                        assistance providers, networks of 
                        content-area specialists, and other 
                        education organizations and 
                        associations.
          ``(9) School leader.--The term `school leader' means 
        a principal, an assistant principal, or an individual 
        who is--
                  ``(A) is and employee or officer of a school; 
                and
                  ``(B) is responsible for the managerial 
                operations and instructional leadership of that 
                school.
          ``(10) School leadership team.--The term `school 
        leadership team' means a group that includes the 
        principal, other school leaders, and teachers at a 
        school who work together to develop school plans or 
        goals for the school.
          ``(11) State teacher performance assessment.--The 
        term `State-teacher performance assessment' means a 
        rigorous assessment used to measure teacher performance 
        that is developed and approved in collaboration with 
        teachers, and administered by the State and--
                  ``(A) is based on professional teaching 
                standards;
                  ``(B) are aligned to State academic content 
                and achievement and early learning standards;
                  ``(C) is used to document the effectiveness 
                of a teacher's--
                          ``(i) curriculum planning;
                          ``(ii) instruction of students, 
                        including appropriate supports for 
                        students who are English learners and 
                        students who are children with 
                        disabilities; and
                          ``(iii) assessment of students, 
                        including analysis of evidence of 
                        student learning;
                  ``(D) is validated based on professional 
                assessment standards;
                  ``(E) is regularly monitored to ensure the 
                quality, reliability, validity, fairness, 
                consistency, and objectivity of the evaluators' 
                determinations;
                  ``(F) is reliably scored by trained 
                evaluators with appropriate oversight of the 
                process to ensure consistency; and
                  ``(G) the results of which are used to 
                support continuous improvement of educator 
                practice.
          ``(12) Teaching residency program.--The term 
        `teaching residency program' means a school-based 
        teacher preparation program in which a prospective 
        teacher--
                  ``(A) teaches alongside a mentor teacher, who 
                is the teacher of record, for at least one 
                year;
                  ``(B) receives concurrent instruction in the 
                teaching of the content area in which the 
                teacher will become certified or licensed;
                  ``(C) receives concurrent instruction in 
                effective teaching skills; and
                  ``(D) attains full State teacher 
                certification or licensure, and becomes 
                qualified prior to, or upon, completion of the 
                program.
          ``(13) Evidence of classroom practice.--The term 
        `evidence of classroom practice' means evidence 
        gathered through multiple formats and from multiple 
        sources that demonstrate effective teaching skills 
        and--
                  ``(A) shall include--
                          ``(i) multiple classroom observations 
                        based on rigorous teacher performance 
                        standards or rubrics and conducted by 
                        trained personnel consistent with 
                        section 2112(b)(1);
                          ``(ii) information on the teacher's 
                        successful use of data to improve 
                        instruction and raise student 
                        achievement;
                          ``(iii) student work, lesson plans, 
                        feedback provided to students and 
                        teacher developed classroom 
                        assessments;
                          ``(iv) demonstration of professional 
                        responsibility; and
                  ``(B) may include, but which shall have a 
                weight that is less than the weight assigned to 
                the requirements described in subparagraph 
                (A)--
                          ``(i) videos of teacher practice;
                          ``(ii) teacher portfolios; and
                          ``(iii) parent, student, and peer 
                        feedback.
          ``(14) Evidence of school leadership.--The term 
        `evidence of school leadership' means evidence gathered 
        through multiple formats and from multiple sources that 
        shall include an evaluation of--
                  ``(A) data on student learning gains, 
                including evidence of student learning;
                  ``(B) gains in student achievement, including 
                passage of required exams for course 
                progression, credit accumulation, completion of 
                promotion standards, and graduation rates;
                  ``(C) increases in student attendance rates;
                  ``(D) percentage of effective teachers on 
                staff;
                  ``(E) retention rates of effective teachers 
                rated by a teacher evaluation that meets the 
                requirements of section 2112(b)(1) to those 
                teachers rated below effective by such an 
                evaluation;
                  ``(F) evidence of successful use of teacher 
                evaluation and alignment to effective 
                professional development, including support for 
                teachers to improve effectiveness status;
                  ``(G) demonstration of instructional 
                leadership, including use of data and 
                assessment to inform decision-making;
                  ``(H) improvement of teacher effectiveness of 
                teachers in the school;
                  ``(I) demonstration of effective fiscal 
                management, where applicable;
                  ``(J) evidence of effective community and 
                parent engagement;
                  ``(K) improved teacher attendance rates;
                  ``(L) establishment of learning communities 
                where principals and teachers--
                          ``(i) share a school mission and 
                        goals with an explicit vision of 
                        quality teaching and learning that 
                        guides all instructional decisions;
                          ``(ii) commit to improving student 
                        outcomes and performances;
                          ``(iii) set a continuous cycle of 
                        collective inquiry and improvement;
                          ``(iv) foster a culture of 
                        collaboration where teachers and 
                        principals work together on a regular 
                        basis to analyze and improve teaching 
                        and learning; and
                          ``(v) support and share leadership; 
                        and
                  ``(M) develop and maintain a positive school 
                culture where students, teachers and other 
                staff are motivated to collaborate and work 
                together to achieve goals.
          ``(15) Evidence of student learning.--The term 
        `evidence of student learning' means data that shall be 
        based on multiple, valid and reliable indicators of 
        student academic growth towards State content and 
        achievement standards, which shall be based 
        significantly on--
                  ``(A) student learning gains on the State 
                student academic assessments under section 
                1111(c) and, for grades and subjects not 
                covered by the State's student academic 
                assessments, another valid and reliable 
                assessment of student academic achievement, as 
                long as the assessment is used consistently by 
                the local educational agency for the grade or 
                class for which the assessment is administered; 
                and
                  ``(B) other evidence of student learning that 
                is comparable across schools within an local 
                educational agency such as--
                          ``(i) formative and summative 
                        assessments;
                          ``(ii) objective performance-based 
                        assessments; and
                          ``(iii) representative samples of 
                        student work, including progress 
                        towards performance standards and 
                        evidence of student growth.
          ``(16) Mentor principal.--The term `mentor principal' 
        means an individual with--
                  ``(A) Strong instructional leadership skills 
                in an elementary school or secondary school 
                setting;
                  ``(B) Strong verbal and written communication 
                skills, which may be demonstrated by 
                performance on appropriate assessments; and
                  ``(C) Knowledge and skills to--
                          ``(i) establish and maintain a 
                        professional learning community that 
                        effectively utilizes data to improve 
                        the school culture and personalize 
                        instruction to increase student 
                        achievement;
                          ``(ii) create and maintain a learning 
                        culture within the school that provides 
                        a climate conducive to the development 
                        of all members of the school community, 
                        including one of continuous learning 
                        for adults tied to student learning and 
                        other school goals;
                          ``(iii) engage in continuous 
                        professional development, utilizing a 
                        combination of academic study, 
                        developmental simulation exercises, 
                        self-reflection, mentorship and 
                        internship;
                          ``(iv) understand youth development 
                        appropriate to the age level served by 
                        the school and from this knowledge sets 
                        high expectations and standards for the 
                        academic, social, emotional and 
                        physical development of all students; 
                        and
                          ``(v) actively engage the community 
                        to create shared responsibility for 
                        student academic performance and 
                        successful development.

          ``PART A--EFFECTIVE TEACHER AND LEADER STATE GRANTS

``SEC. 2101. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

  ``There are authorized to be appropriated $3,500,000,000 for 
fiscal year 2014, and such sums as may be necessary for each of 
the 5 succeeding fiscal years, to carry out this part.

                     ``Subpart 1--Grants to States

``SEC. 2111. ALLOCATIONS TO STATES.

  ``(a) Reservations.--From the amounts made available under 
section 2101 for this subpart for each fiscal year, the 
Secretary shall reserve--
          ``(1) one-half of one percent for the outlying areas, 
        to be distributed among the outlying areas on the basis 
        of their relative need, as determined by the Secretary, 
        for activities consistent with the purposes of this 
        title;
          ``(2) one-half of one percent for the Secretary of 
        the Interior, for activities, consistent with the 
        purposes of this title described in section 2001, in 
        schools operated by or funded by the Bureau of Indian 
        Education; and
          ``(3) one-half of one percent for a competitive grant 
        program to encourage consortia of States to develop 
        instructional supports aligned to new college- and 
        career-ready standards that are made widely available 
        to all States and local educational agencies.
  ``(b) Allotments to States, Reductions.--
          ``(1) In general.--From the amounts made available 
        under section 2101 for this subpart for each fiscal 
        year that remain after the Secretary reserves funds 
        under subsection (a) of this section, the Secretary 
        shall allot to each State with an approved application 
        under section 2112 the sum of--
                  ``(A) an amount that bears the same 
                relationship to 35 percent of the remaining 
                amount as the number of individuals age five 
                through 17 in the State, as determined by the 
                Secretary on the basis of the most recent 
                satisfactory data, bears to the number of those 
                individuals in all such States, as so 
                determined; and
                  ``(B) an amount that bears the same 
                relationship to 65 percent of the remaining 
                amount as the number of individuals age five 
                through 17 from families with incomes below the 
                poverty line, in the State, as determined by 
                the Secretary on the basis of the most recent 
                satisfactory data, bears to the number of those 
                individuals in all such States, as so 
                determined.
          ``(2) Fiscal year 2014.--Notwithstanding paragraph 
        (1), for fiscal year 2014, no State shall receive less 
        than 90 percent of the State's allocation under this 
        part for fiscal year 2013, as such part was in effect 
        on the day before the date of enactment of the Student 
        Success Act.
          ``(3) Succeeding fiscal years.--Notwithstanding 
        paragraph (1), for fiscal year 2014 and each succeeding 
        fiscal year, no State shall receive an allotment under 
        paragraph (1) that is less than 90 percent of the 
        State's allotment under such paragraph for the 
        preceding fiscal year.
  ``(c) Ratable Reductions.--If the funds made available to 
carry out paragraph (1) of subsection (b) are insufficient to 
pay the full amounts that all States are eligible to receive 
under subparagraph (2) or (3) of such subsection for any fiscal 
year, the Secretary shall ratably reduce each such amount for 
such fiscal year.
  ``(d) Reallotments.--If any State does not apply for an 
allotment under this section, or has its application 
disapproved by the Secretary, the Secretary shall reallot the 
amount of that State's allotment to the remaining States that 
have approved applications in accordance with this subpart.

``SEC. 2112. STATE APPLICATIONS.

  ``(a) In General.--For a State to be eligible to receive a 
grant under this part, the State educational agency shall 
submit an application to the Secretary at such time, in such 
manner, and containing such information as the Secretary may 
reasonably require. The Secretary shall provide the State 
educational agency with the opportunity to apply for funds 
under this part and part B through a consolidated application.
  ``(b) Contents.--Each application submitted under this 
section shall include the following--
          ``(1) a description of how, within 3 years of the 
        date of enactment of the Student Success Act, each 
        local educational agency in the State that receives a 
        subgrant under subpart 2 shall implement either a State 
        model teacher and principal evaluation system or a 
        State-approved teacher and principal evaluation system 
        that, at a minimum--
                  ``(A) is designed primarily to--
                          ``(i) increase student learning and 
                        improve instruction for students;
                          ``(ii) inform professional 
                        development for teachers and principals 
                        and support interventions for students; 
                        and
                          ``(iii) using the results of a 
                        teacher's or principal's evaluation, 
                        provide on-going and timely, individual 
                        and meaningful feedback, and 
                        substantive support to the teacher or 
                        principal;
                  ``(B) is developed, implemented, and adopted 
                in collaboration with teachers, principals, and 
                other education stakeholders and through the 
                State or local process for determining terms 
                and conditions of employment in the State or 
                local educational agency;
                  ``(C) includes--
                          ``(i) meaningful weight on multiple 
                        measures of teacher and principal 
                        performance, including--
                                  ``(I) in the case of 
                                teachers, evidence of classroom 
                                practice; and
                                  ``(II) in the case of 
                                principals, evidence of school 
                                leadership;
                          ``(ii) meaningful weight on evidence 
                        of student learning;
                          ``(iii) meaningful weight on 
                        contributions to student growth 
                        including higher order thinking skills, 
                        citizenship, and social and emotional 
                        development; and
                          ``(iv) differentiated levels of 
                        teacher and principal performance that 
                        are clearly articulated using not less 
                        than 3 rating categories, which are 
                        aligned with the State's standards and 
                        criteria for defining each of the 
                        rating categories required;
                  ``(D) provides results that are comparable 
                and consistent across all teachers and 
                principals within a local educational agency 
                consistent with section 2301, including using 
                standards and rubrics for conducting 
                evaluations (including for the information in 
                described in subparagraph (C)) that reflect the 
                ages and grades being taught and consistent 
                within individual grade levels and subject 
                areas in each local educational agency;
                  ``(E) evaluates, annually, each teacher and 
                principal in the local educational agency and 
                takes into consideration the experience and 
                performance level of the teacher or principal;
                  ``(F) uses evaluation results to inform--
                          ``(i) professional improvement plans 
                        for teachers and principals, which 
                        shall be developed in collaboration 
                        with teachers and principals, that are 
                        appropriate to the level of the 
                        individual being evaluated, including 
                        support and timelines to carry out each 
                        plan;
                          ``(ii) comprehensive support, 
                        mentoring, interventions and timelines 
                        to carry out each plan; and
                          ``(iii) personnel decisions; and
                  ``(G) establishes appropriate training for 
                evaluators and staff being evaluated 
                including--
                          ``(i) a clear articulation of the 
                        evaluation system and the process, 
                        systems, ratings, and the implications 
                        of the results provided to teachers and 
                        principals;
                          ``(ii) how the system provides 
                        teachers and principals the opportunity 
                        and assistance to improve consistent 
                        with subparagraph (F)(i); and
                          ``(iii) how to identify working 
                        conditions that affect teaching and 
                        learning, such as facilities and 
                        resources, and school climate and 
                        safety, and isolating educator impact 
                        on student outcomes from these factors;
          ``(2) a description of how the State educational 
        agency will ensure that within 4 years of the date of 
        enactment of the Student Success Act, each local 
        educational agency in the State that receives a 
        subgrant under subpart 2 makes public the results of 
        the evaluation system described in paragraph (1), in 
        accordance with the accountability requirements of 
        subpart 4;
          ``(3) a description of how, within 2 years of the 
        date of enactment of the Student Success Act, each 
        local educational agency in the State that receives a 
        subgrant under subpart 2 shall conduct an annual 
        assessment of educator support and working conditions 
        that--
                  ``(A) evaluates supports for teachers, 
                leaders, and other school personnel, such as--
                          ``(i) teacher and principal 
                        perceptions of availability of high-
                        quality professional development and 
                        instructional materials and 
                        opportunities for collaboration;
                          ``(ii) timely availability of data on 
                        student academic achievement and 
                        growth;
                          ``(iii) the presence of high-quality 
                        instructional leadership; and
                          ``(iv) opportunities for professional 
                        growth such as career ladders and 
                        mentoring and induction programs;
                  ``(B) evaluates working conditions for 
                teachers, leaders and other school personnel, 
                such as--
                          ``(i) school climate;
                          ``(ii) school safety;
                          ``(iii) class size;
                          ``(iv) availability and use of common 
                        planning time and opportunities to 
                        collaborate; and
                          ``(v) community engagement;
                  ``(C) is developed with for teachers, leaders 
                and other school personnel, parents, students, 
                and the community;
                  ``(D) develops and implements an plan with 
                the groups described in subparagraph (C) and 
                with, at a minimum, annual benchmarks to 
                address the results of the assessment carried 
                described in this paragraph; and
                  ``(E) publicly reports on the results of the 
                evaluations described in subparagraph (A) and 
                (B) and the plan described in subparagraph (C);
          ``(4) a description of the educator supports the 
        State has developed to assist in the implementation of 
        new college- and career-ready standards, including the 
        State's plan for making those supports available to its 
        local educational agencies and for prioritizing the 
        introduction of those supports, in conjunction with the 
        appropriate local educational agency, into the State's 
        lowest performing schools;
          ``(5) a description of how a State will develop and 
        implement a plan for the equitable distribution of 
        teachers and principals that--
                  ``(A) ensures teachers and principals who 
                have been rated in the lowest rating 
                categories, as such categories are defined by 
                the State under the State-approved teacher and 
                principal evaluation system under paragraph 
                (1)(C)(iii), within each local educational 
                agency and among the local educational agencies 
                within the State, so that low-income and 
                minority students are not taught at higher 
                rates than are other students by teachers not 
                deemed qualified and who are rated in the 
                lowest evaluation rating categories or assigned 
                to schools administered by principals who have 
                been rated in the lowest evaluation rating 
                categories at higher rates than other students;
                  ``(B) includes--
                          ``(i) percentage of teachers by 
                        evaluation rating category for schools 
                        in the top quartile of poverty against 
                        the schools in the bottom quartile of 
                        poverty;
                          ``(ii) percentage of teachers by 
                        evaluation rating category for schools 
                        in the top quartile in percentage of 
                        minority students against the bottom 
                        quartile of percentage of minority 
                        students;
                          ``(iii) specific and measurable goals 
                        and strategies to close gaps identified 
                        in the plan; and
                  ``(C) before the teacher and principal 
                evaluation system is established under this 
                part, uses a combined measure of indicators 
                such as a composite to carry out the plan 
                described in this paragraph--
                          ``(i) shall include--
                                  ``(I) the percentage of first 
                                year teachers; and
                                  ``(II) the percentage of 
                                qualified teachers; and
                          ``(ii) may include--
                                  ``(I) with respect middle 
                                schools and high schools, the 
                                percentage of core academic 
                                courses taught by teachers who 
                                have met State licensure 
                                requirements for such courses;
                                  ``(II) the percentage of 
                                teachers whose licensure exam 
                                scores fall one standard 
                                deviation above passing score 
                                of teachers within the State;
                                  ``(III) the percent of 
                                teachers with more than 10 
                                absences over the course of the 
                                school year; and
                                  ``(IV) the percentage of 
                                teachers hired after the first 
                                day of school;
          ``(6) the State definition of teacher-of-record, how 
        local educational agencies report to the State on the 
        teacher-of-record, and how the definition is used, 
        including for evaluation, compensation, teacher 
        preparation evaluation, and to ensure equitable 
        distribution of effective and highly effective 
        teachers;
          ``(7) a description of how the State will establish 
        and maintain a data system that within 3 years after 
        the date of enactment of the Student Success Act--
                  ``(A) supports data sharing among local 
                educational agencies and a teacher and leader 
                preparation program described in section 
                200(6)(A)(IV) of the Higher Education Act of 
                1965, as amended by section 202 of the Student 
                Success Act, on the program's graduates' 
                students' achievement and growth, including on 
                the information provided in the evidence of 
                student learning definition; and
                  ``(B) publically reports the percentage of 
                teachers and leaders in each rating category, 
                as defined by the State in paragraph 
                (1)(C)(iii), by preparation program;
          ``(8) a description of the State's plan to--
                  ``(A) implement the plan within the required 
                timelines, including annual benchmarks for 
                implementation; and
                  ``(B) report annually to the Secretary on its 
                progress implementing the plan and meeting 
                annual benchmarks outlined under subparagraph 
                (A);
          ``(9) the State's definition of, or standards and 
        criteria for--
                  ``(A) a qualified teacher;
                  ``(B) each rating category under paragraph 
                (1)(C)(iii); and
                  ``(C) additional definitions related to the 
                requirements under the teacher and principal 
                evaluation system under paragraph (1);
          ``(10) a description of how the State will, on a 
        regular basis, evaluate how well the results of local 
        educational agency's teacher and principal evaluation 
        systems align with the results produced by the state's 
        statewide measure of evidence of student learning;
          ``(11) a description of any performance measures in 
        addition to those described in subpart 4 that the State 
        will use to measure the performance of the State and of 
        each local educational agency that receives a subgrant 
        under subpart 2; and
          ``(12) a description of how the State will carry out 
        the activities outlined in section 2113.
  ``(c) Compliance and Disapproval.--If the Secretary finds 
that a State's application does not comply in whole or in part 
with the requirements of this subpart, the Secretary shall--
          ``(1) notify the State regarding the specific 
        provisions in the application that do not comply with 
        the requirements of this subpart;
          ``(2) request any additional information needed to 
        determine whether the application will comply with the 
        requirements of this subpart; and
          ``(3) before disapproving the application, give the 
        State notice and an opportunity for a hearing.

``SEC. 2113. STATE USES OF FUNDS.

  ``(a) In General.--A State that receives a grant under this 
subpart shall use--
          ``(1) 90 percent of the grant funds to award 
        subgrants under subpart 2 to local educational agencies 
        with approved applications under section 2122;
          ``(2) not more than 5 percent of the grant funds, to 
        plan and administer the activities of the State under 
        this subpart, including the awarding of the subgrants 
        under subpart 2 and the monitoring and enforcement of 
        the requirements for the subgrants, including--
                  ``(A) developing model teacher and principal 
                evaluation systems that local educational 
                agencies could adopt at their discretion;
                  ``(B) implementing the plan for equitable 
                distribution described in section 2112(b)(5);
                  ``(C) reviewing the teacher and principal 
                evaluation system that meets the requirements 
                of section 2112(b)(1) used by each local 
                educational agency in the State, including--
                          ``(i) providing technical assistance 
                        to local educational agencies on the 
                        development and implementation of such 
                        system;
                          ``(ii) the role of teachers, school 
                        leaders, and other school personnel in 
                        the development and implementation of 
                        such system;
                          ``(iii) opportunities for teachers 
                        and principals to provide feedback on 
                        the quality and usefulness of such 
                        system; and
                          ``(iv) evaluating the reliability of 
                        such systems; and
                  ``(D) reviewing the assessment of educator 
                support and working conditions described in 
                section 2112(b)(3), including--
                          ``(i) how the assessment was 
                        conducted;
                          ``(ii) how the plan was developed; 
                        and
                          ``(iii) implementation of the 
                        associated improvement plan described 
                        in subparagraph (D) of section 
                        2112(b)(3);
          ``(3) developing, based on the assessment described 
        in section 2112(b)(3), educator supports to assist with 
        the implementation of new college- and career-ready 
        standards, particularly in the State's lowest 
        performing schools;
          ``(4) at least 2 percent of the grant funds to--
                  ``(A) develop, with appropriate stakeholders, 
                a State plan, based on an analysis of relevant 
                data (including data on projected workforce 
                needs), to--
                          ``(i) improve the effectiveness 
                        principals and, at the State's 
                        discretion, other school leaders; and
                          ``(ii) ensure the equitable 
                        distribution of principals consistent 
                        with section 2112(b)(5);
                  ``(B) implement activities to carry out the 
                State plan, which may include such activities 
                as--
                          ``(i) developing, periodically 
                        reviewing, and revising State policies 
                        and standards related to principals 
                        and, at the State's discretion, other 
                        school leaders so that those policies 
                        and standards--
                                  ``(I) reflect the best 
                                practices identified in schools 
                                with effective principals;
                                  ``(II) focus on raising 
                                student achievement in subjects 
                                that contribute to a well-
                                rounded education, especially 
                                in high-need and low-performing 
                                schools and among the lowest-
                                performing subgroups in the 
                                State, and on improving teacher 
                                effectiveness; and
                                  ``(III) are designed to 
                                improve preparation, 
                                certification or licensure, and 
                                evaluation for all principals, 
                                including those in high-need 
                                and low-performing schools; and
                  ``(C) activities designed to recruit, 
                support, and retain effective and highly 
                effective principals for high-need and low-
                performing schools, such as--
                          ``(i) strengthening principal 
                        preparation programs to ensure that 
                        they are highly selective include in-
                        depth residency for at least one-year 
                        or field-based experience in a high-
                        need or low-performing school, and 
                        provide induction or other support for 
                        at least the first year of a 
                        principal's service, including coaching 
                        from a mentor principal in 
                        instructional leadership and 
                        organizational management;
                          ``(ii) provide training in school and 
                        personnel management, including 
                        management of the organization, staff 
                        and resources, developing a school 
                        climate and instructional program, 
                        developing effective relationships with 
                        community and parents, and using 
                        student-level and school level-data to 
                        inform decision-making;
                          ``(iii) training on child 
                        development, improving instruction and 
                        closing achievement gaps;
                          ``(iv) providing compensation 
                        incentives to attract, retain, and 
                        reward effective principals and other 
                        school leaders for high-need and low-
                        performing schools;
                          ``(v) developing teacher career 
                        ladders with a performance-based 
                        selection process that distribute 
                        school leadership responsibilities and 
                        develop a pipeline of individuals who 
                        gain the experience necessary to become 
                        an effective principal; and
                          ``(vi) activities to improve the 
                        effectiveness of school 
                        superintendents, principal supervisors, 
                        human resources directors, and other 
                        local educational agency managers; and
          ``(5) use any remaining funds reserved at the State 
        level to--
                  ``(A) carry out any other activities designed 
                to help the State make progress toward carrying 
                out the purposes of this title and showing 
                improvement on the performance measures 
                described in subpart 4 and any additional 
                measures described in the State's application, 
                including activities designed to--
                          ``(i) align the State's professional 
                        teaching standards, teacher and 
                        principal certification or licensure 
                        requirements, teacher-preparation 
                        programs, and professional-development 
                        requirements with kindergarten-through-
                        grade-12 academic content and 
                        achievement standards that build toward 
                        college-and-career-readiness;
                          ``(ii) reform teacher and school 
                        leader compensation, including by 
                        modifying policies and practices and 
                        providing technical assistance to local 
                        educational agencies, in order to 
                        enable those agencies to recruit, 
                        reward, and retain effective teachers 
                        and school leaders in high-need 
                        schools, fields, subjects, and areas;
                          ``(iii) support the training of 
                        teachers, principals, and other school 
                        leaders in meeting the diverse learning 
                        needs of their students, including 
                        through universal design for learning, 
                        as described in section 5429(b)(21), 
                        and multi-tiered system of supports and 
                        language acquisition instruction;
                          ``(iv) support the training of 
                        teachers, principals, and other school 
                        leaders in effectively integrating 
                        technology (including technology for 
                        students with disabilities) into 
                        curricula and instruction and in how to 
                        use technology for on-line 
                        communication and for collaboration and 
                        data analysis;
                          ``(v) strengthen human resource 
                        systems in local educational agencies 
                        to recruit, train, hire, and place 
                        individuals who are or are most likely 
                        to be highly effective teachers and 
                        principals, provide highly effective 
                        teachers and principals with support 
                        and development opportunities focused 
                        on increasing student achievement, and 
                        retain highly effective teachers and 
                        principals over time by creating school 
                        environments that enable excellent 
                        teaching including through strategies 
                        such as distributed leadership, time 
                        for collaboration and use of student 
                        data for job-embedded professional 
                        development;
                          ``(vi) develop and provide 
                        professional development, including 
                        through joint professional development 
                        opportunities, for early-childhood 
                        educators, teachers, principals, 
                        specialized instructional support 
                        personnel, and other school leaders;
                          ``(vii) develop and implement 
                        policies and practices that position 
                        the State to be a competitive applicant 
                        for grants under part B of this title;
                          ``(viii) support the training of 
                        teachers, principals, and other school 
                        leaders on how to accelerate the 
                        learning of students who are performing 
                        below grade level; and
                          ``(ix) provide professional 
                        development for teachers, principals 
                        and other school administrators in 
                        early elementary grades that includes 
                        specialized knowledge about child 
                        development and learning, 
                        developmentally-appropriate curricula 
                        and teaching practices, meaningful 
                        family engagement and collaboration 
                        with early care and education programs;
                  ``(B) provide technical assistance, as 
                necessary, to each local educational agency 
                that receives a subgrant under subpart 2, in 
                order to help the local educational agency 
                improve performance on the measures described 
                in subpart 4;
                  ``(C) establish policies and practices to 
                ensure the quality of the data reported under 
                this part and the effectiveness of the methods 
                used to analyze those data; and
                  ``(D) develop and disseminate the State 
                report card required under subpart 4, and use 
                the information in the report card to guide 
                efforts under this title.
  ``(b) Supplement, Not Supplant.--Funds received under this 
subpart shall be used to supplement, and not supplant, non-
Federal funds that would otherwise be used for activities 
authorized under this subpart.

          ``Subpart 2--Subgrants to Local Educational Agencies

``SEC. 2121. SUBGRANTS TO LOCAL EDUCATIONAL AGENCIES.

  ``(a) In General.--Each State educational agency that 
receives an allocation under subpart 1 shall allocate to each 
local educational agency in the State that has an application 
approved by the State under section 2122 the sum of--
          ``(1) the amount that bears the same relationship to 
        20 percent of the amount allocated to the State 
        educational agency as the number of individuals age 5 
        through 17 in the geographic area served by the agency, 
        as determined by the Secretary on the basis of the most 
        recent satisfactory data, bears to the number of those 
        individuals in the geographic areas served by all such 
        local educational agencies in the State, as so 
        determined; and
          ``(2) the amount that bears the same relationship to 
        80 percent of the amount allocated to the State 
        educational agency as the number of individuals age 5 
        through 17 from families with incomes below the poverty 
        line in the geographic area served by the agency, as 
        determined by the Secretary on the basis of the most 
        recent satisfactory data, bears to the number of those 
        individuals in the geographic areas served by all such 
        local educational agencies in the State, as so 
        determined.
  ``(b) Minimum Allotments.--
          ``(1) Fiscal year 2014.--For fiscal year 2014, no 
        local educational agency shall receive an allocation 
        under subsection (a) that is less than 90 percent of 
        the allocation the local educational agency received 
        under this part for fiscal year 2013, as this part was 
        in effect on the day before the date of enactment of 
        the Student Success Act.
          ``(2) Subsequent fiscal years.--For fiscal year 2015 
        and each succeeding fiscal year, no local educational 
        agency receiving an allotment under subsection (a) 
        shall receive less than 90 percent of the allotment the 
        local educational agency received under this subpart 
        for the preceding fiscal year.
  ``(c) Ratable Reduction.--If the funds described in 
subsection (a) are insufficient to pay the full amounts that 
all local educational agencies are eligible to receive under 
subsection (b) for any fiscal year, the State shall ratably 
reduce such amounts for such fiscal year.

``SEC. 2122. LOCAL EDUCATIONAL AGENCY NEEDS ASSESSMENT AND 
                    APPLICATIONS.

  ``(a) In General.--To receive a subgrant under this subpart a 
local educational agency shall--
          ``(1) submit an application to the State educational 
        agency involved at such time, in such manner, and 
        containing such information and assurances as the State 
        educational agency may reasonably require; and
          ``(2) conduct, in developing its application, and 
        with the involvement of teachers, principals, and other 
        stakeholders, as applicable, an assessment of educator 
        support and working conditions consistent with section 
        2112(b)(3), in the areas set forth under the 
        performance measures described in subpart 4, identified 
        under the school improvement plans under section 1116, 
        as applicable, and the needs of schools receiving funds 
        under title I.
  ``(b) Contents.--Each application submitted under this 
section shall include--
          ``(1) a description of--
                  ``(A) the results of the needs assessment 
                conducted under subsection (a)(2);
                  ``(B) the performance measures and activities 
                the local education agency will use to address 
                the needs identified under the assessment;
                  ``(C) the local educational agency's current 
                system for evaluating teachers and principals, 
                and whether that system is consistent with the 
                definitions the State has developed in the 
                State's application under section 2112(b)(1);
                  ``(D) the local educational agency's plan for 
                using the subgrant under this subpart, and 
                other local, State, and Federal funds, to 
                ensure the equitable distribution of teachers 
                and principals, within the local educational 
                agency so that low-income and minority students 
                are not taught at higher rates than are other 
                students by teachers not deemed qualified and 
                who are rated in the lowest teacher evaluation 
                rating categories or assigned to schools 
                administered by principals who have been rated 
                in the lowest principal evaluation rating 
                categories at higher rates than other students 
                within the local educational agency;
                  ``(E) the local educational agency's plan for 
                using the subgrant under this subpart to 
                support teachers in meeting the diverse 
                learning needs of all their students, including 
                through universal design for learning, as 
                described in section 5429(b)(21), and multi-
                tiered system of supports and language 
                acquisition; and
                  ``(F) a description of the educator supports 
                the local educational agency will provide to 
                assist with the implementation of new college- 
                and career-ready standards and early learning 
                standards, including the local educational 
                agency's plan for prioritizing the introduction 
                of those supports in its lowest performing 
                schools;
                  ``(G) a description of how the local 
                education agency will, as appropriate, involve 
                in the delivery of activities and services 
                under this part, external providers that have 
                demonstrated expertise and experience in using 
                evidence-based strategies and programs to 
                deliver evidence-based professional development 
                and to raise the quality of teaching and school 
                leadership; and
          ``(2) an assurance that, within 5 years of receiving 
        a subgrant under this subpart, the local educational 
        agency will--
                  ``(A) conduct a second needs assessment, with 
                the involvement of teachers, principals, and 
                other stakeholders, as applicable, in the areas 
                set forth in subpart 4 and identified in plans 
                under section 1116, as applicable, particularly 
                the needs of schools receiving funds under 
                title I; and
                  ``(B) submit a revised application to the 
                State, consistent with the requirements of this 
                section.

``SEC. 2123. LOCAL EDUCATIONAL AGENCY USES OF FUNDS.

  ``(a) Use of Funds.--Subject to the requirements of the State 
consistent with section 2112(a), a local educational agency 
that receives a subgrant under this subpart shall, directly, or 
with other local educational agencies or the State educational 
agency, use the subgrant funds for activities designed to 
increase academic achievement for all students, including 
English learners and students with disabilities, by increasing 
the number and percentage of its teachers and principals who 
have been rated by the local educational agency's teacher and 
principal evaluation system as at least effective, and to 
ensure the equitable distribution of those teachers and 
principals who have been rated at least effective, through 
activities that--
          ``(1) develop and implement, or improve, a teacher 
        and principal evaluation system that, at a minimum, 
        meets the requirements described in section 2112(b)(1);
          ``(2) provide meaningful feedback to teachers and 
        principals on evaluation results, and use those results 
        in making decisions about professional development and 
        retention;
          ``(3) recruit teachers who are qualified and teachers 
        and principals who have been rated, or are likely to be 
        rated, by the evaluation system as at least effective, 
        especially teachers and principals who are needed for 
        high-need and low-performing schools and high-need 
        fields and subjects, including teachers and principals 
        who come from underrepresented backgrounds;
          ``(4) implement the assessment of educator support 
        and working conditions in accordance with section 
        2112(b)(3);
          ``(5) implement the local educational agency's plan 
        for ensuring the equitable distribution of teachers and 
        principals who have been rated by the teacher and 
        principal evaluation system as at least effective;
          ``(6) develop and implement an induction program that 
        is designed to increase the effectiveness of new 
        teachers and retain effective teachers, especially in 
        high-need and low-performing schools, such as a program 
        that provides reduced teaching assignments for new 
        teachers, training for instructional coaches or mentors 
        who will participate in induction activities, access to 
        on-line support systems, and frequent feedback to 
        promote continuous learning and instructional 
        improvement;
          ``(7) reduce class size for kindergarten through 
        third grade by an amount and to a level consistent with 
        what research has found to improve student academic 
        achievement at a minimum in the schools in the lowest 
        quartile of poverty in the local educational agency;
          ``(8) improve within-school equity in the 
        distribution of teachers who have been rated at least 
        effective so that low-income and minority students are 
        not taught at higher rates than are other students by 
        teachers rated in one of the two lowest evaluation 
        rating categories;
          ``(9) plan and administer activities carried out 
        under this subpart, including other activities to 
        improve effectiveness and the equity of distribution as 
        required in accordance with the local educational 
        agency's needs assessments under subsection (a)(2);
          ``(10) develop a plan of action for providing 
        additional academic supports, opportunities, or 
        resources that ensure an appropriate opportunity to 
        learn to any student assigned in any subject, for two 
        consecutive years, to teachers rated in the lowest 
        category under the local educational agency's teacher 
        evaluation system; and
          ``(11) develop a plan of action to ensure that no 
        student in a school in either the bottom quartile of 
        poverty in the local educational agency or a low-
        performing school is assigned in any subject, for two 
        consecutive years, to a teacher rated in the lowest 
        category under the local educational agency's teacher 
        evaluation system.
  ``(b) Supplement, Not Supplant.--Funds received under this 
subpart shall be used to supplement, and not supplant, non-
Federal funds that would otherwise be used for activities 
authorized under this subpart.
  ``(c) Rule of Construction.--Nothing in this subpart shall be 
construed to require a local educational agency to transfer 
school personnel in order to comply with the requirements of 
this part.

              ``Subpart 3--National Leadership Activities

``SEC. 2131. NATIONAL LEADERSHIP ACTIVITIES.

  ``From the funds made available under section 2101 for this 
subpart for any fiscal year, the Secretary may to reserve up to 
3 percent for research, development, technical assistance, 
outreach, and dissemination activities, carried out either 
directly or through grants, contracts, or cooperative 
agreements. Such activities may include--
          ``(1) activities to strengthen teacher and principal 
        evaluation, including establishing a national center to 
        gather, provide benchmarks on, and disseminate best 
        practices and provide technical assistance on teacher 
        and principal evaluation so as to support States and 
        local educational agencies in developing robust and 
        reliable evaluation systems that take student growth 
        into account;
          ``(2) development and dissemination of model surveys 
        on the quality of educator support and working 
        conditions consistent with section 2112(b)(3);
          ``(3) direct assistance to nonprofit organizations to 
        enhance their support for local educational agencies 
        and schools, including to community-based organizations 
        that can support multiple local educational agencies in 
        strengthening their teacher and principal pipelines and 
        human-resource practices and provide high-quality, 
        sustained professional development targeted to low-
        performing schools;
          ``(4) activities to support development of a 
        leadership academy to train school leaders in effective 
        school management and instructional leadership, with a 
        primary focus on turning around low-performing schools, 
        including--
                  ``(A) effective management of the 
                organization, staff, and resources;
                  ``(B) developing a school climate and 
                instructional program and related evidence-
                based professional development aligned to the 
                needs of the students and school;
                  ``(C) effective relationships with community 
                and parents; and
                  ``(D) using student-level and school level-
                data to inform decision-making; and
          ``(5) activities to strengthen evaluation of 
        superintendents including developing model evaluations.

                      ``Subpart 4--Accountability

``SEC. 2141. EQUITY ACCOUNTABILITY.

  ``(a) State Requirements.--
          ``(1) In general.--Each State that receives a grant 
        under subpart 1 shall--
                  ``(A) in a case in which the comparisons 
                conducted under section 2112(b)(5) of the State 
                plan indicate the inequalities described in 
                paragraph (2) with respect to high-poverty and 
                high-minority local educational agencies--
                          ``(i) in consultation with the local 
                        educational agencies in the State, 
                        established 2, 4 and 5 year improvement 
                        goals that will substantially reduce or 
                        eliminate the inequities in the schools 
                        of such high-poverty and high-minority 
                        local educational agencies; and
                          ``(ii) establish a support plan to 
                        assist such high-poverty and high-
                        minority local educational agencies 
                        meet such improvement goals; and
                  ``(B) in a case in which a high-poverty and 
                high-minority local educational agency has not 
                achieved the 2-year improvement goals 
                established under subparagraph (A)(i), use 2.5 
                percent of the grant funds received under 
                subpart 2 to carry out the activities described 
                in subparagraph (A).
          ``(2) Inequalities.--The inequalities described in 
        this paragraph are as follows:
                  ``(A) Before the teacher and principal 
                evaluation systems that meets the requirements 
                of section 2112(b)(1) is established under this 
                part by the local educational agencies in the 
                State, students in high poverty and high 
                minority local educational agencies in the 
                State were being taught at higher rates by 
                teachers rated in the lowest two quartiles 
                based on the combined measure established under 
                section 2112(b)(5)(C) compared to students in 
                low poverty and low minority local educational 
                agencies in the State.
                  ``(B) Once the evaluation systems are 
                established, students in high poverty and high 
                minority local educational agencies are being 
                taught at higher rates by teachers rated in one 
                of the two lowest rating categories under such 
                evaluation systems, as compared to students in 
                low poverty and low minority local educational 
                agencies.
  ``(b) Local Educational Agency Requirements.--
          ``(1) In general.--Subject to paragraph (3), a high-
        poverty or high-minority local educational agency 
        described in paragraph (2) and with respect to which a 
        State established improvement goals under subsection 
        (a)(1)(A)(i), shall--
                  ``(A) in a case in which the local 
                educational agency fails to meet its 2 year 
                improvement goals established under such 
                subsection, use all funds made available 
                through the subgrant to carry out the 
                activities described in section 2112(b)(5);
                  ``(B) in a case in which the local 
                educational agency fails to meet its 4 year 
                improvement goals established under such 
                subsection--
                          ``(i) receive a subgrant from the 
                        State under subpart 2 equal to not more 
                        than 50 percent of the subgrant 
                        received by the local educational 
                        agency in the preceding year under such 
                        subpart; and
                          ``(ii) make non-Federal contributions 
                        in an amount equal to not less than the 
                        Federal funds provided under the 
                        subgrant; and
                  ``(C) in a case in which the local 
                educational agency fails to meet its 5 year 
                improvement goals established under such 
                subsection, the local educational agency shall 
                be prohibited from receiving a subgrant subpart 
                2.
          ``(2) Description of local educational agencies.--A 
        local educational agency described in this paragraph is 
        a local educational agency that--
                  ``(A) before the evaluation system is 
                established under this part, students in high 
                poverty and high minority schools are being 
                taught at higher rates by teachers rated in the 
                lowest two quartiles based on the combined 
                measure established under section 2112(b)(5)(C) 
                compared to students in low poverty and low 
                minority schools; and
                  ``(B) once the evaluation system is 
                established, that students in high poverty and 
                high minority schools are being taught at 
                higher rates by teachers rated in one of the 
                two lowest rating categories under the local 
                educational agency's evaluation system 
                comparable to students in low poverty and low 
                minority schools.
          ``(3) Exception.--Paragraph (1) shall not apply to 
        high poverty and high minority schools where students 
        are being taught at higher rates by teachers rated in 
        one of the two lowest rating categories under the local 
        educational agency's evaluations system compared to 
        students in low poverty and low minority schools in the 
        local educational agency if the performance of the high 
        poverty or high minority school's students, including 
        each group of students described in section 
        1111(b)(2)(C)(v)(II), on the State's annual student 
        academic assessments has exceeded the statewide average 
        performance for students overall in that subject for at 
        least the previous 2 years.
          ``(4) Inapplicability.--This section shall not apply 
        to a local education agency that does not have more 
        than one building for each grade span.
          ``(5) Transitional compliance.--Beginning on the date 
        of enactment of the Student Success Act, for no more 
        than 4 full school years a local educational agency 
        shall be deemed to be in compliance with this section 
        for any school year, if the teachers hired to fill 
        vacancies in local education agencies served under this 
        part, improve the equity in distribution of teachers 
        rated in the highest rating categories between students 
        served by high poverty or high minority schools and 
        students served by low poverty or low minority schools 
        as described in paragraph (2).
          ``(6) Waiver.--A local education agency may apply to 
        the Secretary for a temporary waiver of the 
        requirements of this section in the case of a natural 
        disaster or unpredictable or significant personnel 
        assignments that occur after the beginning of a school 
        year that would affect determination of compliance with 
        this section.
          ``(7) Rules of construction.--Nothing in this section 
        shall be construed to require a local education agency 
        to transfer school personnel in order to comply with 
        this section.

                     ``Subpart 5--Public Reporting

``SEC. 2151. PUBLIC REPORTING.

  ``(a) In General.--
          ``(1) State report card.--Each State that receives a 
        grant under subpart 1 shall annually submit to the 
        Secretary, and make public, a State report card on 
        program performance and results under the grant, in a 
        manner prescribed by the Secretary and containing, 
        analyzing, and updating the information required under 
        subsection (b).
          ``(2) Local educational agency report.--Each local 
        educational agency that receives a subgrant under 
        subpart 2 shall annually submit to the State, and make 
        public--
                  ``(A) a report on the local educational 
                agency's program performance and results under 
                the subgrant, in a manner prescribed by the 
                State or the Secretary, containing, analyzing, 
                and updating the information required under 
                subsection (c); and
                  ``(B) the notifications to parents described 
                in subsection (d).
          ``(3) Privacy.--Information required under this 
        subpart shall be collected, reported, and disseminated 
        in a manner that protects the privacy of individuals.
  ``(b) State Report Card Requirements.--Each State described 
in subsection (a)(1) shall report the following information in 
accordance with such subsection:
          ``(1) With respect to the State overall and for each 
        local educational agency State, disaggregated by 
        poverty quartile and minority quartile--
                  ``(A) the number and percentage of teachers 
                and principals, for each grant year, who--
                          ``(i) are classified as qualified;
                          ``(ii) are rated at each level under 
                        a local educational agency's evaluation 
                        system consistent with the requirements 
                        of section 2112(b)(1);
                          ``(iii) have taught for less than one 
                        full school year; and
                          ``(iv) have demonstrated content 
                        knowledge in the subject or subjects 
                        the teachers are assigned to teach;
                  ``(B) with respect to middle and high 
                schools, the percentage of core academic 
                courses taught by teachers who have met State 
                licensure requirements for that course;
                  ``(C) information required under equitable 
                distribution plans for the State and each local 
                educational agency under sections 2112(b)(5) 
                and 2123(a), respectively;
                  ``(D) staff retention rates differentiated by 
                performance levels as rated under the local 
                educational agency's evaluation system; and
                  ``(E) any other performance measures the 
                State is using to measure the performance of 
                local educational agencies that receive a 
                subgrant under subpart 2.
          ``(2) Results of the data collection reporting under 
        section 2112(b)(7).
          ``(3) Progress towards meeting the equitable 
        distribution requirements under section 2112(b)(5).
          ``(4) Results of the assessment of educator support 
        and working conditions described in section 2112(b)(3).
          ``(5) Results of the needs assessment required under 
        subpart 2 by each school in the State and compared to 
        the rubric which was used to conduct the needs 
        assessment.
  ``(c) Local Educational Agency Report Card Requirements.--
Each local educational described in subsection (a)(2) shall 
report the following information, for each grant year, in 
accordance with such subsection:
          ``(1) With respect to the local educational agency 
        overall and for schools in the agency by poverty 
        quartile and minority quartile--
                  ``(A) the number and percentage of teachers 
                and principals, for each grant year, who--
                          ``(i) are classified as qualified;
                          ``(ii) are rated at each level under 
                        a local educational agency's evaluation 
                        system consistent with the requirements 
                        of section 2112(b)(1);
                          ``(iii) have taught for less than one 
                        full school year; and
                          ``(iv) have demonstrated content 
                        knowledge in the subject or subjects 
                        the teachers are assigned to teach; and
                  ``(B) with respect to middle school and high 
                school, the percentage of core academic courses 
                taught by teachers who have met State licensure 
                requirements for that course.
  ``(d) Parents' Right to Know.--Each local educational agency 
that receives a subgrant under subpart 2 shall ensure that each 
school served by the local educational agency provides, on an 
annual basis and at the beginning of the school year--
          ``(1) written notification to the parent of each 
        student who has, for 2 consecutive years, been assigned 
        a teacher rated in the lowest rating category on the 
        local educational agency's evaluation system, that such 
        student has been so assigned; and
          ``(2) a description of--
                  ``(A) the supports the school and local 
                educational agency will offer the student to 
                compensate for the teacher assignment;
                  ``(B) the local educational agency's plan for 
                ensuring this assignment pattern does not 
                continue; and
                  ``(C) the teacher's qualified status based on 
                the definition under section 2002(5), including 
                whether the teacher meets the status based on 
                the requirement in subparagraph (A)(v) of such 
                section.

              ``PART B--TEACHER AND LEADER INNOVATION FUND

``SEC. 2201. TEACHER AND LEADER INNOVATION FUND.

  ``The purpose of this part is to support States and local 
educational agencies in improving the effectiveness of their 
teachers and school leaders, especially those teachers and 
school leaders working in high-need schools, by creating the 
conditions needed to identify, recruit, prepare, retain, 
reward, and advance effective teachers, principals, and school 
leadership teams in such schools.

``SEC. 2202. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

  ``(a) In General.--There are authorized to be appropriated 
$950,000,000 for fiscal year 2014 and such sums as may be 
necessary for each of the 5 succeeding fiscal years to carry 
out this part.
  ``(b) Continuation.--From the funds made available under 
subsection (a), the Secretary may reserve funds to continue 
funding the Teacher Incentive Fund authorized under the fourth, 
fifth, and sixth provisos of the `Innovation and Improvement 
Account' under title III of Public Law 109-149, in accordance 
with the terms and conditions of such Fund that were in effect 
on the day before the enactment of the Student Success Act.

``SEC. 2203. GRANTS.

  ``(a) In General.--From the funds made available under 
section 2202 and not reserved under subsection (b) of such 
section, for each fiscal year, the Secretary shall award 
grants, on a competitive basis, to eligible entities to carry 
out the purpose of this part.
  ``(b) Eligible Entity.--In this part, the term `eligible 
entity' means--
          ``(1) a State educational agency or a consortium of 
        such agencies;
          ``(2) a high-need local educational agency or a 
        consortium of such agencies;
          ``(3) one or more of the entities described in 
        paragraphs (1) and (2) in partnership with one or more 
        institutions of higher education, nonprofit 
        organization,; or educational service agencies; or
          ``(4) an entity described in paragraph (1) in 
        partnership with 1or more local educational agencies at 
        least one of which is a high-need local educational 
        agency.
  ``(c) Duration.--The Secretary shall award a grant under this 
part to an eligible entity for an initial period of not more 
than 3 years, and may renew the grant for up to an additional 2 
years if the Secretary finds that the eligible entity is 
achieving the objectives of the grant and has shown improvement 
against baseline measures on performance indicators.

``SEC. 2204. APPLICATIONS.

  ``(a) In General.--Each eligible entity that desires a grant 
under this part shall submit an application to the Secretary at 
such time, in such manner, and containing such information and 
assurances as the Secretary may reasonably require.
  ``(b) Contents.--Each application submitted under this 
section shall contain--
          ``(1) a description of--
                  ``(A) how the eligible entity will 
                differentiate levels of teacher and principal 
                performance by effectiveness, and the criteria 
                it will use to determine that differentiation, 
                which shall include the use of evidence of 
                student learning as a significant factor, as 
                well as other measures; and
                  ``(B) how that differentiation will be--
                          ``(i) consistent with the teacher and 
                        principal evaluation system that meets 
                        the requirements of section 2112(b)(1); 
                        and
                          ``(ii) used by the local educational 
                        agency served by the eligible entity to 
                        make decisions about professional 
                        development and retention;
          ``(2) a description of the rigorous performance 
        standards that the eligible entity has established, or 
        will establish, within 2 years of the date of enactment 
        of Student Success Act, that will be used to evaluate 
        performance;
          ``(3) a plan, developed with appropriate 
        stakeholders, setting forth the activities to be 
        implemented under the grant and how those activities 
        will be aligned with the results of--
                  ``(A) an analysis of workforce data 
                (including teacher and principal surveys) that 
                identifies strengths and weaknesses in the 
                working conditions provided to teachers, school 
                leaders, and other school personnel and the 
                current and future staffing needs within the 
                State or local educational agency;
                  ``(B) a public review of any State or local 
                educational agency statutes, policies, and 
                practices, including employment policies and 
                practices that pose a barrier to staffing 
                schools, particularly high-need schools, with 
                teachers and principals who have been rated in 
                the highest rating categories;
                  ``(C) an analysis of the effectiveness and 
                the cost-effectiveness of applicable State or 
                local educational agency policies and practices 
                related to increasing teacher and principal 
                effectiveness;
                  ``(D) an analysis of the alignment of the 
                policies and practices reviewed and analyzed 
                under subparagraphs (B) and (C) with the goal 
                of ensuring that educators are prepared to help 
                all students achieve to college-and-career-
                ready standards; and
                  ``(E) as applicable, an analysis of the 
                extent to which the local educational agency's 
                human capital strategies, including career 
                advancement opportunities, salary schedules 
                (including incentives for graduate credit and 
                advanced degrees), and incentives, reward 
                actions, and strategies that improve 
                instruction and student learning; and
          ``(4) evidence of involvement and support for the 
        proposed grant activities from--
                  ``(A) in the case of an application from an 
                eligible entity that includes a local 
                educational agency or a consortium of such 
                agencies, a local school board, teachers union 
                (where there is a designated exclusive 
                representative for the purpose of collective 
                bargaining), teachers, principals, and other 
                stakeholders; and
                  ``(B) in the case of an application from a 
                State educational agency or consortium of such 
                agencies, the State board of education, State 
                agency for higher education, any participating 
                local educational agency, and other 
                stakeholders.
  ``(c) Selection Criterion.--In making grants under this part, 
the Secretary shall consider the extent to which the eligible 
entity's activities that are carried out through a grant under 
part A or through State and local funds are aligned with the 
entity's plan under subsection (b)(3) and the purpose of this 
part.
  ``(d) Priority.--The Secretary shall give priority to 
applications that address particular needs in improving the 
effectiveness of the education workforce in high-need schools 
or the needs of local educational agencies to fill positions in 
high-need fields and subjects.

``SEC. 2205. USE OF FUNDS.

  ``(a) In General.--A eligible entity under this part--
          ``(1) shall use its grant funds for activities to--
                  ``(A) improve the use of teacher and 
                principal effectiveness information, which 
                shall include, once a local educational agency 
                has adopted an evaluation system as described 
                in section 2112(b)(1), using such evaluation 
                results in consequential decisionmaking, 
                including in--
                          ``(i) paying bonuses and increased 
                        salaries, if the eligible entity uses 
                        an increasing share of non-Federal 
                        funds to pay the bonuses and increased 
                        salaries each year of the grant, to 
                        highly effective teachers or principals 
                        who work in high-need schools;
                          ``(ii) activities under sections 2112 
                        and 2122;
                          ``(iii) reforming the local 
                        educational agency's system of 
                        compensating teachers and principals; 
                        and
                          ``(iv) developing and implementing a 
                        human capital system; and
                  ``(B) improve teacher and school-leader 
                compensation and career-development systems, 
                which may include instituting performance pay, 
                career advancement systems (such as career 
                ladders or incentives for assuming additional 
                roles and responsibilities intended to improve 
                student academic achievement), or market-based 
                compensation for a high-need school; and
          ``(2) may use its grant funds for activities to--
                  ``(A) help ensure that high-need and low-
                performing schools are staffed more effectively 
                and efficiently, such as through--
                          ``(i) the implementation or use of 
                        earlier hiring timelines;
                          ``(ii) more effective recruitment 
                        strategies (including strategies for 
                        recruiting candidates from 
                        underrepresented groups);
                          ``(iii) more selective screening; and
                          ``(iv) data systems for tracking 
                        attendance, teacher and principal 
                        evaluation results, tenure decisions, 
                        participation in professional 
                        development, and the results of that 
                        participation;
                  ``(B) recruit, prepare, support, and evaluate 
                principals who serve in high-need or low-
                performing schools; and
                  ``(C) recruit and retain teachers and leaders 
                in rural and remote areas.
  ``(b) State Grantees.--A State educational agency that is a 
grantee under this part shall use its grant funds for 
activities to--
          ``(1) modify State policies and practices, as needed, 
        to enable local educational agencies to carry out their 
        activities under subsection (a);
          ``(2) develop and implement improvements to the 
        State's certification or licensure requirements, which 
        shall include using teacher and principal evaluation 
        results in certification or licensure decisions (such 
        as by making them a significant factor in the granting 
        of a full certification or license); and
          ``(3) implement a human capital system, including 
        pre-service programs providing teachers and principals 
        to schools within the State, that increases the numbers 
        of highly effective teachers and principals, 
        particularly in high-need schools by--
                  ``(A) identifying, recruiting, training, 
                hiring, and placing individuals who are or are 
                most likely to be highly effective teachers and 
                principals;
                  ``(B) distributing highly effective teachers 
                and principals strategically to high need 
                schools;
                  ``(C) providing highly effective teachers and 
                principals with support and development 
                opportunities focused on increasing student 
                achievement; and
                  ``(D) retaining highly effective teachers and 
                principals over time by creating school 
                environments that enable excellent teaching 
                including through strategies such as 
                distributed leadership, time for collaboration 
                and use of student data for internal 
                professional development.

                      ``PART C--GENERAL PROVISIONS

``SEC. 2301. PROHIBITION AGAINST INTERFERENCE WITH STATE AND LOCAL LAWS 
                    AND AGREEMENTS.

  ``Nothing in this title shall be construed to alter or 
otherwise affect the rights, remedies, and procedures afforded 
to school or local educational agency employees under Federal, 
State, or local laws (including applicable regulations or court 
orders as well as requirements that local educational agencies 
negotiate and or meet and confer in good faith) or under the 
terms of collective bargaining agreements, memoranda of 
understanding, or other agreements between such employers and 
their employees.

``SEC. 2302. PROTECTING THE INTEGRITY OF EVALUATION SYSTEMS.

  ``No State or local educational agency receiving funding 
under this title shall publicly report personally identifiable 
information included in an individual teacher or principal 
evaluation, including information that can be used to 
distinguish an individual's identity when combined with other 
personal or identifying information.''.

SEC. 202. HEA CONFORMING AMENDMENTS.

  (a) Qualified Teacher.--The Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 
U.S.C. 1001 et seq.) is amended--
          (1) in section 200 (20 U.S.C. 1021)--
                  (A) by amending paragraph (13) to read as 
                follows:
          ``(13) Qualified.--The term `qualified' has the 
        meaning given the term `qualified teacher' in section 
        2002(5), as amended by section 201 of the Student 
        Success Act.
                  ``(B) in paragraph (17)(B)(ii), by striking 
                `highly qualified' and inserting `qualified'; 
                and
                  ``(C) in paragraph (22)(D)(i), by striking 
                `highly qualified' and inserting 
                `qualified'.'';
          (2) in section 201(3) (20 U.S.C. 1022(3)), by 
        striking ``highly qualified teachers'' and inserting 
        ``qualified teachers'';
          (3) in section 202 (20 U.S.C. 1022)--
                  (A) in subsection (b)(6)(H), by striking 
                ``highly qualified teachers'' and inserting 
                ``qualified teachers'';
                  (B) in subsection (d)--
                          (i) in paragraph (1)--
                                  (I) in subparagraph 
                                (A)(i)(I), by striking ``highly 
                                qualified'' and inserting 
                                ``qualified''; and
                                  (II) in subparagraph 
                                (B)(iii), by striking ``highly 
                                qualified'' and inserting 
                                ``qualified''; and
                          (ii) in paragraph (5), by striking 
                        ``highly qualified teachers'' and 
                        inserting ``qualified teachers''; and
                  (C) in subsection (e)(2)(C)(iii)(IV), by 
                striking ``highly qualified teacher, as defined 
                in section 9101,'' and inserting ``qualified 
                teacher, as defined in section 2002(5), as 
                amended by section 201 of the Student Success 
                Act'';
          (4) in section 204(a)(4) (20 U.S.C. 1022c) by 
        striking ``highly qualified teachers'' each place it 
        appears and inserting ``qualified teachers'';
          (5) in section 205(b)(1)(I) (20 U.S.C. 
        1022d(b)(1)(I)), by striking ``highly qualified 
        teachers'' and inserting ``qualified teachers'';
          (6) in section 207(a)(1) (20 U.S.C. 1022f(a)(1)), by 
        striking ``highly qualified teachers'' and inserting 
        ``qualified teachers'';
          (7) in section 208(b) (20 U.S.C. 1022g(b)), by 
        striking ``highly qualified'' each place it appears and 
        inserting ``qualified'';
          (8) in section 242(b) (20 U.S.C. 1033a), by striking 
        ``highly qualified'' each place it appears and 
        inserting ``qualified'';
          (9) in section 251(b) (20 U.S.C. 1034(b)), by 
        striking ``highly qualified'' each place it appears and 
        inserting ``qualified''; and
          (10) in section 258(d)(1) (20 U.S.C. 1036(d)(1)), by 
        striking ``highly qualified'' and inserting 
        ``qualified''.such partner institution.
  (c) Definitions.--Section 200 of the Higher Education Act of 
1965 (20 U.S.C. 1021) is amended--
          (1) by amending paragraph (6) to read as follows:
          ``(6) Eligible partnership.--Except as otherwise 
        provided in section 251, the term `eligible 
        partnership' means an entity that--
                  ``(A) shall include--
                          ``(i) a high-need local educational 
                        agency;
                          ``(ii)(I) a high-need school or a 
                        consortium of high-need schools served 
                        by the high-need local educational 
                        agency; or
                          ``(II) as applicable, a high-need 
                        early childhood education program; or
                          ``(iii)(I) the following entities--
                                  ``(aa) a partner institution.
                                  ``(bb) a school, department, 
                                or program of education within 
                                such partner institution, which 
                                may include an existing teacher 
                                professional development 
                                program with proven outcomes 
                                within a 4-year institution of 
                                higher education that provides 
                                intensive and sustained 
                                collaboration between faculty 
                                and local educational agencies 
                                consistent with the 
                                requirements of this title; and
                                  ``(cc) a school or department 
                                of arts and sciences within 
                                such partner institution; or
                          ``(II) an entity operating a program 
                        that provides alternative routes to 
                        State certification of teachers that 
                        has a teacher preparation program--
                                  ``(aa) whose graduates 
                                exhibit strong performance on 
                                State-determined qualifying 
                                assessments for new teachers 
                                through demonstrating that 80 
                                percent or more of the 
                                graduates of the program who 
                                intend to enter the field of 
                                teaching have passed all of the 
                                applicable State qualification 
                                assessments for new teachers, 
                                which shall include an 
                                assessment of each prospective 
                                teacher's subject matter 
                                knowledge in the content area 
                                in which the teacher intends to 
                                teach; and
                                  ``(bb) that requires each 
                                student in the program to meet 
                                high academic standards or 
                                demonstrate a record of 
                                success, as determined by the 
                                institution (including prior to 
                                entering and being accepted 
                                into a program), and 
                                participate in intensive 
                                clinical experience, and each 
                                student in the program is 
                                preparing to become a qualified 
                                teacher; and
                  ``(B) may include any of the following:
                          ``(i) The Governor of the State.
                          ``(ii) The State educational agency.
                          ``(iii) The State board of education.
                          ``(iv) The State agency for higher 
                        education.
                          ``(v) A business.
                          ``(vi) A public or private nonprofit 
                        educational organization.
                          ``(vii) An educational service 
                        agency.
                          ``(viii) A teacher organization.
                          ``(ix) A high-performing local 
                        educational agency, or a consortium of 
                        such local educational agencies, that 
                        can serve as a resource to the 
                        partnership.
                          ``(x) A charter school (as defined in 
                        section 5210).
                          ``(xi) A school or department within 
                        a partner institution that focuses on 
                        psychology and human development.
                          ``(xii) A school or department within 
                        a partner institution with comparable 
                        expertise in the disciplines of 
                        teaching, learning, and child and 
                        adolescent development.
                          ``(xiii) An entity operating a 
                        program that provides alternative 
                        routes to State certification of 
                        teachers.
                          ``(xiv) A school, department, or 
                        program of education within a partner 
                        institution.
                          ``(xv) A school or department of arts 
                        and sciences within a partner 
                        institution.'';
          (2) by amending paragraph (10) to read as follows:
          ``(10) High-need local educational agency.--The term 
        "high-need local educational agency has the meaning 
        given such term in section 2002(4), as amended by 
        section 201 of the Student Success Act.'';
          (3) by amending paragraph (14) to read as follows:
          ``(14) Induction program.--The term `induction 
        program' has the meaning given the term `induction' in 
        section 2002(6), as amended by section 201 of the 
        Student Success Act.''; and
          (4) by amending paragraph (21) to read as follows:
          ``(21) Teacher mentoring.--The term `teacher 
        mentoring' has the meaning given the term `mentoring' 
        in section 2002(7), as amended by section 201 of the 
        Student Success Act.''.
  (d) Purpose.--Section 201 of the Higher Education Act of 1965 
(20 U.S.C. 1022) is amended--
          (1) by striking ``and'' at the end of paragraph (3);
          (2) by striking the period and inserting ``; and'' at 
        the end of paragraph (4); and
          (3) by inserting at the end the following:
          ``(5) improve teacher effectiveness.''.
  (e) Partnership Grants.--Section 202 of the Higher Education 
Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1022a) is amended--
          (1) in subsection (b)(6)--
                  (A) in subparagraph (E)(ii), by striking 
                ``student academic'' and inserting ``college-
                and-career ready student academic'';
                  (B) in subparagraph (H)--
                          (i) in the matter preceding clause 
                        (i), by inserting ``or alternative 
                        route entity'' after ``partner 
                        institution'';
                          (ii) in clause (i), by striking 
                        ``that incorporate'' and all that 
                        follows through ``instruction'' and 
                        inserting ``consistent with part A of 
                        title IV of the Elementary and 
                        Secondary Education Act of 1965'';
                          (iii) in clause (i), insert ``and 
                        other educators, including mutli-tiered 
                        systems of support and universal design 
                        for learning, as described in section 
                        5429(b)(21)'' after ``secondary school 
                        teachers'';
                          (iv) in clause (ii), insert `` and 
                        writing instruction'' after 
                        ``reading''; and
                          (v) after clause (ii) insert the 
                        following:
                          ``(iii) provide high-quality 
                        professional development activities to 
                        strengthen the instructional and 
                        leadership skills of elementary school 
                        and secondary school principals and 
                        district superintendents, if the 
                        partner institution has a principal 
                        preparation program;'';
                  (C) by redesignating subparagraphs (I) 
                through (K) as subparagraphs (J) through (L), 
                respectively; and
                  (D) by inserting after subparagraph (H), the 
                following:
                  ``(I) how the partnership will prepare 
                teachers to use data to analyze student 
                performance and adjust teaching practices to 
                improve student achievement;''; and
          (2) in subsection (d)(6)(A), by striking ``that 
        incorporate the essential components of literacy 
        instruction'' and inserting ``aligned with part A of 
        title IV of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act 
        of 1965''.
  (f) Administrative Provisions.--Section 203(b)(2)(A) of the 
Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1022b(b)(2)(A)) is 
amended by inserting ``or alternative route entity'' after 
"institution of higher education
  (g) Accountability and Evaluation.--Section 204(a) of the 
Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1022c) is amended--
          (1) by redesignating paragraphs (3) and (4) as 
        paragraphs (4) and (5), respectively; and
          (2) by inserting after paragraph (2), the following:
          ``(3) teachers rated as at least effective by a 
        teacher evaluation system that meets the requirements 
        of section 2112(b)(1), as amended by section 201 of the 
        Student Success Act;''.
  (h) Information on Preparation Programs.--Section 205(b)(1) 
of the Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1022d(b)) is 
amended--
          (1) in the matter preceding subparagraph (A), by 
        striking ``teacher preparation program'' and inserting 
        ``teacher and school leader preparation program''; and
          (2) by adding at the end the following:
                  ``(M) Within 3 years of the date of enactment 
                of the Student Success Act, information on the 
                impact of each program's graduates on the 
                student achievement of the students that such 
                graduates teach, if that information is 
                available.
                  ``(N) The percentage of each program's 
                graduates who teach in a high-need school.
                  ``(O) The percentage of each program's 
                graduates who are prepared to teach a high-need 
                subject.
                  ``(P) The percentage of each program's 
                graduates who become effective and highly 
                effective teachers or principals according to 
                such graduates' ratings by the local 
                educational agency's teacher evaluation system 
                that meets the requirements of section 
                2112(b)(1) of the Elementary and Secondary 
                Education Act of 1965, as amended by section 
                201 of the Student Success Act.
                  ``(Q) The 3-year retention rate of each 
                program's graduates who become effective and 
                highly effective teachers or principals 
                according to such graduates' ratings by such 
                system.''.

  TITLE III--LANGUAGE INSTRUCTION FOR LIMITED ENGLISH PROFICIENT AND 
                           IMMIGRANT STUDENTS

SEC. 301. LANGUAGE INSTRUCTION.

  Title III (20 U.S.C. 6801 et seq.) is amended--
          (1) in section 3001, by striking ``fiscal year 2002'' 
        and inserting ``fiscal year 2014'' each place it 
        appears;
          (2) by striking ``No Child Left Behind Act of 2001'' 
        and inserting ``Student Success Act'' each place it 
        appears;
          (3) in section 3244, by striking ``2002 through 
        2008'' and inserting ``2014 through 2020'';
          (4) by striking ``adequate yearly progress'' and 
        inserting ``progress'' each place it appears;
          (5) in sections 3102(8)(B), 3113(b)(5)(B), and 
        3116(b)(3)(B), by striking ``, as described in section 
        1111(b)(2)(B)'';
          (6) in section 3122(a)(3)(A)(iii), by striking ``as 
        described in section 1111(b)(2)(B)'';
          (7) by repealing section 3122;
          (8) in section 3111(b)(2)(D), by striking ``annual 
        measurable achievement objectives pursuant to section 
        3122'' and inserting ``performance targets described in 
        section 1111(c)'';
          (9) in sections 3113(b), 3116(b), 3121(d)(3), and 
        3302(b), by striking ``annual measurable achievement 
        objectives described in section 3122'' and inserting 
        ``performance targets described in section 1111(c)'' 
        each place it appears;
          (10) in section 3122, by striking ``annual measurable 
        achievement objectives'' and inserting ``performance 
        targets'' each place it appears;
          (11) by striking ``section 1111(b)(7)'' and inserting 
        ``section 1111(b)(3)(F)'' each place it appears; and
          (12) by striking ``section 1111(b)(1)'' and inserting 
        ``section 1111(b)(4)'' each place it appears.

                     TITLE IV--21ST CENTURY SCHOOLS

SEC. 401. 21ST CENTURY SCHOOLS.

  Title IV (20 U.S.C. 7101 et seq.) is amended to read as 
follows:

                    ``TITLE IV--21ST CENTURY SCHOOLS


              ``Part A--21st Century Learning Partnerships


``SEC. 4001. PURPOSE.

  ``The purpose of this part is to provide opportunities for 
communities to establish or expand activities through learning 
partnerships that--
          ``(1) provide opportunities for academic enrichment, 
        increased academic achievement, and student success in 
        schools by providing students with additional learning 
        time for more expansive, relevant and rigorous learning 
        opportunities, including opportunities to catch 
        students up in their coursework, and help students 
        accelerate their learning;
          ``(2) provide a broad array of additional services, 
        programs and activities for a well-rounded education, 
        including youth development activities, art, music, 
        outdoor and recreation programs, technology education 
        programs, and character education programs that are 
        designed to reinforce and compliment the regular 
        academic program for participating students;
          ``(3) provide teachers and staff in learning 
        partnerships with increased opportunities to work 
        collaboratively, and to participate in professional 
        planning and professional development, within and 
        across grades and subjects to improve teaching and 
        learning;
          ``(4) provide students with safe learning 
        environments and additional resources to increase 
        student engagement in school; and
          ``(5) offer families of students served by 
        partnerships opportunities for literacy development and 
        related educational development.

``SEC. 4002. ALLOTMENT TO STATES.

  ``(a) Reservation.--From the funds appropriated under section 
4009 for any fiscal year, the Secretary shall reserve not more 
than 1 percent for payments to the outlying areas and the 
Bureau of Indian Affairs, to be allotted in accordance with 
their respective needs for assistance under this part, as 
determined by the Secretary, to enable the outlying areas and 
the Bureau to carry out the purpose of this part.
  ``(b) State Allotments.--
          ``(1) Determination.--From the funds appropriated 
        under section 4009 for any fiscal year and remaining 
        after the Secretary makes reservations under subsection 
        (a), the Secretary shall allot to each State for the 
        fiscal year an amount that bears the same relationship 
        to the remainder as the amount the State received under 
        subpart 2 of part A of title I for the preceding fiscal 
        year bears to the amount all States received under that 
        subpart for the preceding fiscal year, except that no 
        State shall receive less than an amount equal to one-
        half of 1 percent of the total amount made available to 
        all States under this subsection.
          ``(2) Reallotment of unused funds.--If a State does 
        not receive an allotment under this part for a fiscal 
        year, the Secretary shall reallot the amount of the 
        State's allotment to the remaining States in accordance 
        with this subsection.

``SEC. 4003. STATE ACTIVITIES.

  ``(a) In General.--A State educational agency may use not 
more than 5 percent of the amount made available to the State 
under section 4002(b) for--
          ``(1) the administrative costs of carrying out its 
        responsibilities under this part; and
          ``(2) providing technical assistance as described in 
        subsection (b) to learning partnerships;
  ``(b) Technical Assistance.--
          ``(1) In general.--The technical assistance described 
        in this paragraph includes the following:
                  ``(A) Assisting learning partnerships who are 
                prioritized in section 4005(g) including rural 
                and urban schools by--
                          ``(i) informing those learning 
                        partnerships that are prioritized in 
                        section 4005(g) that they have a 
                        priority for competing for grants under 
                        section 4005;
                          ``(ii) providing technical assistance 
                        to the learning partnership for the 
                        development of the applications 
                        described in section 4005(b), including 
                        assisting the learning partnership in 
                        identifying which elementary schools 
                        and secondary schools to serve;
                          ``(iii) providing technical 
                        assistance to the learning partnership 
                        if they do not receive a grant under 
                        section 4005 so that they may re-
                        compete in following competitions;
                  ``(B) Assisting each learning partnership 
                that receives an award under section 4005 to 
                plan and implement additional learning time 
                with such funds, including assisting the 
                learning partnership in--
                          ``(i) determining how to implement 
                        additional learning time in the schools 
                        the learning partnership intends to 
                        serve based on the results of the needs 
                        assessment described in section 
                        4005(b)(2)(C)(i);
                          ``(ii) identifying additional 
                        community partners, which may include 
                        multicounty public entities, and 
                        resources that may be utilized to 
                        implement the additional learning time;
                          ``(iii) strengthening the existing 
                        partnerships of the learning 
                        partnership, identifying appropriate 
                        roles for each of the partners in the 
                        implementation of additional learning 
                        time in schools served by the learning 
                        partnership, and ensuring that the 
                        partnership is effective in maintaining 
                        strong communication, information 
                        sharing, and joint planning and 
                        implementation;
                  ``(C) Identifying best practices for 
                professional development for teachers and staff 
                in learning partnerships receiving funding 
                under this part to implement the authorized 
                activities described in section 4006.
                  ``(D) Identifying best practices for using 
                additional learning time to improve academic 
                enrichment, and student academic achievement in 
                schools, and providing technical assistance to 
                the learning partnership in using such best 
                practices to implement and improve additional 
                learning time initiatives.
                  ``(E) Providing guidance on how to provide 
                programs that are age appropriate and address 
                the varying needs of students in elementary 
                (including preschool), middle, and diploma 
                granting schools.
          ``(2) Subgrants for technical assistance.--A State 
        educational agency may use a portion of the funds 
        described in paragraph (1) to award subgrants to 
        entities including intermediaries, educational service 
        agencies or other public entities with demonstrated 
        expertise in additional learning time capacity 
        building, or evaluation to carry out the technical 
        assistance described in subparagraph (A).

``SEC. 4004. STATE APPLICATION.

  ``(a) In General.--In order to receive an allotment under 
section 4002(b) for any fiscal year, a State educational agency 
shall submit to the Secretary, at such time and in such manner 
as the Secretary may require, an application that--
          ``(1) designates the State educational agency as the 
        agency responsible for the administration and 
        supervision of programs assisted under this part;
          ``(2) describes how the State educational agency will 
        use funds received under this part, including funds 
        reserved for State-level activities;
          ``(3) contains an assurance that the State 
        educational agency, in making awards under section 
        4005, will give priority to learning partnerships that 
        propose to serve--
                  ``(A) students attending schools in need of 
                improvement and persistently low-achieving 
                schools;
                  ``(B) schools with a high number or 
                percentage of students that are eligible for 
                free or reduced price lunch under the Richard 
                B. Russell School Lunch Act (42 U.S.C. 1751 et 
                seq.);
          ``(4) describes the peer review process as described 
        in section 4005(e) and the selection criteria the State 
        educational agency will use to evaluate applications 
        from, and select, learning partnerships to receive 
        awards under section 4005;
          ``(5) describes the steps the State educational 
        agency will take to ensure that activities and programs 
        carried out by learning partnerships using such 
        awards--
                  ``(A) implement evidence-based strategies; 
                and
                  ``(B) ensure learning partnerships have the 
                capacity to implement high-quality additional 
                learning time activities that are different 
                from methods which have been proven ineffective 
                during the regular school day;
          ``(6) describes how the State educational agency will 
        use the indicators under section 4007(a)(3) to measure 
        the performance, on an annual basis, of learning 
        partnerships, and
                  ``(A) use outcomes from multiple indicators 
                and not rely on one indicator in isolation; and
                  ``(B) provide ongoing technical assistance 
                and training and dissemination of promising 
                practices;
          ``(7) provides an assurance that the State 
        educational agency will set up a process to allow 
        learning partnerships who receive an award under 
        section 4005 and who operate a proven and effective 
        program based on the measures of performance described 
        in paragraph (6) to recompete in their last year of 
        funding for an additional 5-year cycle;
          ``(8) describes how the State educational agency 
        will, to the extent practicable, distribute funds under 
        this part equitably among geographic areas within the 
        State, including urban and rural areas;
          ``(9) includes information identifying the per-pupil 
        funding amount range the State educational agency will 
        use to ensure that awards made under section 4005 are 
        of sufficient size and scope to carry out the purposes 
        of the award,
          ``(10) includes an assurance that in determining 
        award amounts in accordance with paragraph (9), the 
        State educational agency shall take into 
        consideration--
                  ``(A) diverse geographical areas; and
                  ``(B) the quality of activities and programs 
                proposed by learning partnerships applying for 
                such awards;
          ``(11) provides an assurance that the application 
        will be developed in consultation and coordination with 
        appropriate State officials, including the chief State 
        school officer, and other State agencies administering 
        additional learning time, the heads of the State health 
        and mental health agencies or their designees, 
        teachers, parents, students, the business community, 
        and community-based organizations;
          ``(12) describes how activities and programs carried 
        out by the learning partnerships under this part will 
        be coordinated with programs under this Act, and other 
        programs as appropriate;
          ``(13) describes how the State educational agency 
        will provide a fair and transparent competition for 
        learning partnerships that apply for grant funds under 
        section 4005(b);
          ``(14) provides an assurance that the State 
        educational agency in determining grant awards to 
        learning partnerships will award grants based solely on 
        the quality of the application in relationship to the 
        needs identified by the learning partnership through 
        the needs assessment described in section 
        4005(b)(2)(C)(i); and
          ``(15) provides for timely public notice of intent to 
        file an application and an assurance that the 
        application will be available for public review after 
        submission.
  ``(b) Deemed Approval.--An application submitted by a State 
educational agency pursuant to subsection (a) shall be deemed 
to be approved by the Secretary unless the Secretary makes a 
written determination, prior to the expiration of the 120-day 
period beginning on the date on which the Secretary received 
the application, that the application is not in compliance with 
this part.
  ``(c) Disapproval.--The Secretary shall not finally 
disapprove the application, except after giving the State 
educational agency notice and opportunity for a hearing.
  ``(d) Notification.--If the Secretary finds that the 
application is not in compliance, in whole or in part, with 
this part, the Secretary shall--
          ``(1) give the State educational agency notice and an 
        opportunity for a hearing; and
          ``(2) notify the State educational agency of the 
        finding of noncompliance, and, in such notification, 
        shall--
                  ``(A) cite the specific provisions in the 
                application that are not in compliance; and
                  ``(B) request additional information, only as 
                to the noncompliant provisions, needed to make 
                the application compliant.
  ``(e) Response.--If the State educational agency responds to 
the Secretary's notification described in subsection (d)(2) 
during the 45-day period beginning on the date on which the 
agency received the notification, and resubmits the application 
with the requested information described in subsection 
(d)(2)(B), the Secretary shall approve or disapprove such 
application prior to the later of--
          ``(1) the expiration of the 45-day period beginning 
        on the date on which the application is resubmitted; or
          ``(2) the expiration of the 120-day period described 
        in subsection (b).
  ``(f) Failure to Respond.--If the State educational agency 
does not respond to the Secretary's notification described in 
subsection (d)(2) during the 45-day period beginning on the 
date on which the agency received the notification, such 
application shall be deemed to be disapproved.

``SEC. 4005. LOCAL COMPETITIVE GRANT PROGRAM.

  ``(a) In General.--Each State that receives an allotment 
under this part shall reserve not less than 95 percent of the 
amount allotted to such State under section 4002(b), for each 
fiscal year for awards to learning partnerships under this 
section.
  ``(b) Application.--
          ``(1) In general.--To be eligible to receive an award 
        under this part, a learning partnership shall submit an 
        application to the State educational agency at such 
        time, in such manner, and including such information as 
        the State educational agency may reasonably require.
          ``(2) Contents.--Each application submitted under 
        paragraph (1) shall include the following:
                  ``(A) Implementation plan.--A description of 
                the planning activities that will be conducted 
                during the planning phase, if applicable, that 
                shall include a budget for the planning 
                activities;
                  ``(B) Roles and responsibilities.--A 
                description of the learning partnership and the 
                roles and responsibilities of each of the 
                partners of the learning partnership.
                  ``(C) Additional learning time activities.--A 
                description of--
                          ``(i) the activities that will be 
                        carried out by the learning partnership 
                        during the additional learning time 
                        based solely on the learning 
                        partnership's determination of the 
                        results of a needs assessment that 
                        considers--
                                  ``(I) school-wide needs, 
                                including planning time and 
                                instructional time for teachers 
                                and staff in the learning 
                                partnership;
                                  ``(II) individual student 
                                learning needs;
                                  ``(III) school and student 
                                safety; and
                                  ``(IV) the number of 
                                additional hours (during the 
                                regular school day or outside 
                                of the regular school day, as 
                                applicable) needed for 
                                supervised student enrichment, 
                                determined through school, 
                                family, and community input;
                          ``(ii) a description of how the 
                        learning partnership will align the 
                        activities described in this 
                        subparagraph with--
                                  ``(I) school improvement 
                                plans developed and implemented 
                                pursuant to section 1116, if 
                                applicable;
                                  ``(II) academic instruction 
                                that occurs during the regular 
                                school day at the school 
                                proposed to be served by the 
                                learning partnership; and
                                  ``(III) in the case of a 
                                learning partnership 
                                implementing additional 
                                learning time as described in 
                                section 4008(2)(B), school 
                                improvement efforts supported 
                                by other programs under this 
                                Act and other relevant State 
                                and local programs;
                          ``(iii) the anticipated number of 
                        hours of additional learning time the 
                        average student will receive and how 
                        the number of hours are appropriate 
                        based on the needs assessment described 
                        in clause (i) and the requirements of 
                        (ii);
                          ``(iv) the grade or grade spans 
                        (including preschool) to be served by 
                        the learning partnerships using award 
                        funds;
                          ``(v) how students participating in 
                        the activities will travel safely to 
                        and from the additional learning time 
                        center and home, as applicable; and
                          ``(vi) a description of how the 
                        learning partnership will ensure that 
                        staff employed by the learning 
                        partnership will coordinate to develop 
                        and implement activities described in 
                        this subparagraph using, in part, the 
                        data described in subparagraph (F).
                  ``(D) Selection of schools.--A description of 
                the process, considerations, and criteria the 
                learning partnership will use to select schools 
                to implement additional learning time programs 
                and activities that shall take into account the 
                priorities described in section 4005(g);
                  ``(E) Facility assurance.--An assurance that 
                the activities described in subparagraph (C) 
                will take place in a safe and easily accessible 
                facility and a description of how the learning 
                partnership will disseminate information about 
                the facility to the parents and community in a 
                manner that is understandable and accessible;
                  ``(F) Data sharing.--An assurance that 
                relevant student level data will be shared 
                within the learning partnership consistent with 
                the requirements of section 444 of the General 
                Education Provisions Act so that the activities 
                described in subparagraph (C)(i) are aligned 
                according to subparagraph (C)(ii).
                  ``(G) Professional development activities.--A 
                description of how the learning partnership 
                will provide professional development to the 
                staff employed by the learning partnership.
                  ``(H) Public resources.--An identification of 
                Federal, State, and local programs that will be 
                combined or coordinated with the additional 
                learning time program to make the most 
                effective use of public resources.
                  ``(I) Supplement, not supplant.--An assurance 
                that funds under this section will be used to 
                increase the level of State, local, and other 
                non-Federal funds that would, in the absence of 
                funds under this part, be made available for 
                programs and activities authorized under this 
                part, and in no case supplant Federal, State, 
                local, or non-Federal funds;
                  ``(J) Experience.--A description of past 
                performance and record of effectiveness of the 
                community based organization within the 
                partnership in providing the activities 
                described in subparagraph (C).
                  ``(K) Continuation after federal funding.--A 
                description of a preliminary plan for how the 
                additional learning time will continue when 
                funding under this part ends.
                  ``(L) Capacity.--An assurance that the 
                learning partnership has the capacity to 
                collect the data relevant to the indicators 
                described under section 4007(a)(3).
                  ``(M) Notice of intent.--An assurance that 
                the community of the learning partnership will 
                be given notice of an intent to submit an 
                application and that the application and any 
                waiver request will be available for public 
                review after submission of the application.
                  ``(N) Other information and assurances.--Such 
                other information and assurances as the State 
                educational agency may reasonably require.
  ``(c) Approval of Certain Applications.--The State 
educational agency may approve an application under this 
section for a program to be located in a facility other than an 
elementary school or secondary school only if the program will 
be at least as available and accessible to the students to be 
served as if the program were located in an elementary school 
or secondary school.
  ``(d) Non-Federal Match.--
          ``(1) In general.--A State educational agency shall 
        require a learning partnership to match funds awarded 
        under this part, except that such match may not exceed 
        the amount of the grant award and may not be derived 
        from other Federal funds.
          ``(2) Sliding scale.--The amount of a match under 
        paragraph (1) shall be established based on a sliding 
        fee scale that takes into account--
                  ``(A) the relative poverty of the population 
                to be targeted by the learning partnership; and
                  ``(B) the ability of the learning partnership 
                to obtain such matching funds.
          ``(3) In-kind contributions.--Each State educational 
        agency shall permit the community-learning partnership 
        to provide all or any portion of such match in the form 
        of in-kind contributions.
  ``(e) Peer Review.--In reviewing local applications under 
this section, a State educational agency shall use a peer 
review process or other methods of assuring the quality of such 
applications.
  ``(f) Duration of Awards.--Grants under this section may be 
awarded for a period of 5 years. Learning partnerships that 
receive funding under this section and who operate a proven and 
effective program based on the measures of performance 
established in section 4004(a)(6) shall be allowed to recompete 
in their last year of funding for an additional 5 year grant.
  ``(g) Priority.--In awarding grants under this part, a State 
educational agency shall give priority to applications 
proposing to target services to--
          ``(1) students (including preschool students) who 
        attend schools in need of improvement and persistently 
        low-achieving schools; and
          ``(2) learning partnerships that propose to serve 
        schools with a high percentage or number of students 
        that are eligible for free and reduced price lunch 
        under the Richard B. Russell National School Lunch Act 
        (42 U.S.C. 1751 et seq.);

``SEC. 4006. LOCAL ACTIVITIES.

  ``(a) Authorized Activities.--
          ``(1) In general.--Each learning partnership that 
        receives an award under section 4005 shall use the 
        award funds to implement additional learning time 
        activities that are consistent with section 4005(b)(2).
          ``(2) Planning period.--Each learning partnership may 
        use funds under this section for a planning period of 
        not longer than 6 months to develop an implementation 
        plan described in section 4005(b)(2)(A) to carry out 
        the additional learning time activities.

``SEC. 4007. REPORTING.

  ``(a) Report by Learning Partnerships.--Each learning 
partnership shall, not later than 1 year after the first day of 
the first school year in which the additional learning time is 
implemented, prepare and submit to the State educational agency 
a report--
          ``(1) containing a detailed description of the 
        additional learning time activities that were carried 
        out under this part;
          ``(2) with respect to each school served by the 
        partnership--
                  ``(A) on the actual expenses associated with, 
                carrying out the additional learning time 
                programs and activities in the first school 
                year; and
                  ``(B) a description of how the additional 
                learning time programs and activities were 
                implemented and whether such programs and 
                activities were carried out during non-school 
                hours or periods when school is not in session 
                or added to expand the school day, school week, 
                or school year schedule; and
          ``(3) containing measures of performance, aggregated 
        and disaggregated, on the following indicators--
                  ``(A) student academic achievement as 
                measured by--
                          ``(i) high-quality State academic 
                        assessments; and
                          ``(ii) student growth in accordance 
                        with student growth standards;
                  ``(B) for diploma granting schools served by 
                the learning partnerships, graduation rates;
                  ``(C) student attendance;
                  ``(D) performance on a set of comprehensive 
                school performance indicators that may 
                include--
                          ``(i) as appropriate, rate of earned 
                        on-time promotion from grade-to-grade;
                          ``(ii) for high schools served by the 
                        learning partnerships, the percentage 
                        of students taking a college 
                        preparatory curriculum, or student 
                        rates of enrollment, persistence, and 
                        attainment of an associate or 
                        baccalaureate degree;
                          ``(iii) the percentage of student 
                        suspensions and expulsions;
                          ``(iv) indicators of school readiness 
                        for entering kindergartners;
                          ``(v) evidence of increased parent 
                        and family engagement and support for 
                        children's learning;
                          ``(vi) evidence of increased student 
                        engagement in school, which may include 
                        completing of assignments and coming to 
                        class prepared;
                          ``(vii) evidence of mastery of non-
                        academic skills which may include 
                        problem solving, learning to work in 
                        teams, and social and civic 
                        responsibility;
                          ``(viii) improved personal attitude, 
                        which may include initiative, self-
                        confidence, self-esteem and sense of 
                        self-efficacy; and
                          ``(ix) development of social skills, 
                        which may include behavior, 
                        communication, relationships with peers 
                        and adults.
  ``(b) Report by State Educational Agency.--A State 
Educational Agency that receives funds under this part shall 
annually prepare and submit to the Secretary a report that 
contains all reports submitted by learning partnerships under 
the jurisdiction of the agency, aggregated and disaggregated, 
provided under subsection (a).
  ``(c) Publication and Availability of the Report.--The 
Secretary shall publish and make widely available to the 
public, including through a website or other means, a summary 
of the reports received under subsection (b).

``SEC. 4008. DEFINITIONS.

  ``In this part:
          ``(1) Learning partnership.--The term `learning 
        partnership' means--
                  ``(A) a local educational agency, a 
                consortium of local educational agencies, or an 
                educational service agency and one or more 
                local educational agencies, in a partnership 
                with 1 or more community-based organizations or 
                other public or private entities; or
                  ``(B) a community-based organization, or 
                other public or private entity, in a 
                partnership with a local educational agency, a 
                consortium of local educational agencies, or an 
                educational service agency and one or more 
                local educational agencies.
          ``(2) Additional learning time.--The term `additional 
        learning time' means--
                  ``(A) time added during non-school hours or 
                periods when school is not in session, such as 
                before or after school or during summer recess 
                for activities that--
                          ``(i) provide opportunities for 
                        student academic enrichment, including 
                        hands-on, experiential and project-
                        based learning opportunities for 
                        subjects including English, reading or 
                        language arts, mathematics, science, 
                        foreign languages, civics and 
                        government, economics, arts, history, 
                        geography, health education, physical 
                        education, environmental literacy, and 
                        activities such as tutoring and service 
                        learning that--
                                  ``(I) assist students in 
                                meeting State and local 
                                academic achievement standards 
                                in core academic subjects,
                                  ``(II) use evidence-based 
                                skill training approaches and 
                                active forms of learning to 
                                promote healthy development, 
                                and engage students in 
                                learning;
                                  ``(III) align and coordinate 
                                with the regular school day and 
                                school year curriculum;
                                  ``(IV) align to school 
                                improvement plans developed 
                                pursuant to section 1116, as 
                                applicable; and
                                  ``(V) align to the learning 
                                needs of individual students at 
                                the school served by the 
                                learning partnership;
                          ``(ii) provide students with 
                        opportunities for personal and social 
                        development;
                          ``(iii) serve the learning needs and 
                        interests of all students, including 
                        those who already meet or exceed 
                        student academic achievement standards 
                        as measured by high-quality State 
                        academic assessments, and especially 
                        those who may not be achieving at grade 
                        level in the traditional classroom 
                        setting;
                          ``(iv) are developmentally and age 
                        appropriate; and
                          ``(v) involve a broad group of 
                        stakeholders (including educators, 
                        parents, students, and community 
                        partners) in carrying out additional 
                        learning time programs and activities 
                        described in this subparagraph; or
                  ``(B) time added to expand the school day, 
                school week, or school year schedule, that--
                          ``(i) increases the total number of 
                        school hours for the school year at a 
                        school based on evidence supporting the 
                        amount of additional learning time 
                        needed to achieve the objectives 
                        described in clause (ii);
                          ``(ii) is used to redesign the 
                        school's program and schedule--
                                  ``(I) to support innovation 
                                in teaching, in order to 
                                improve the academic 
                                achievement of students aligned 
                                to the school improvement plan, 
                                if applicable, especially those 
                                students who may not be 
                                achieving at grade level, in 
                                reading or language arts, 
                                mathematics, science, history 
                                and civics, and other core 
                                academic subjects;
                                  ``(II) to improve the 
                                performance of all students, 
                                including those students who 
                                are struggling to meet college 
                                and career ready standards or 
                                State early learning standards, 
                                as appropriate, and those 
                                students who already meet or 
                                exceed college and career ready 
                                standards as measured by high-
                                quality State academic 
                                assessments;
                                  ``(III) for additional 
                                subjects and enrichment 
                                activities that reflect student 
                                interest, connect to effective 
                                community partners, and 
                                contribute to a well-rounded 
                                education, which may include 
                                music and the arts, health 
                                education, physical education, 
                                service learning, and 
                                experiential and work-based 
                                learning opportunities (such as 
                                community service, learning 
                                apprenticeships, internships, 
                                and job shadowing);
                                  ``(IV) to advance student 
                                learning by providing a 
                                learning environment and 
                                supporting learning activities 
                                that engage students, develop 
                                social skills, and cultivate 
                                positive personal attitude; and
                                  ``(V) for teachers and staff 
                                in learning partnerships to 
                                collaborate, and plan, within 
                                and across grades and subjects;
                          ``(iii) provides school-wide services 
                        that are--
                                  ``(I) aligned to school 
                                improvement plans developed 
                                pursuant to section 1116, as 
                                applicable; and
                                  ``(II) aligned to individual 
                                student achievement needs as 
                                identified by the school-site 
                                staff at the school served by 
                                the community-learning 
                                partnership; and
                          ``(iv) involve a broad group of 
                        stakeholders (including educators, 
                        parents, students and community 
                        partners) in planning and carrying out 
                        additional learning time programs and 
                        activities described in this 
                        subparagraph.

``SEC. 4009. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

  ``There are authorized to be appropriated to carry out this 
part $1,200,000,000 for fiscal year 2014 and such sums as may 
be necessary for each succeeding fiscal year.

    ``Part B--Grants to Support Student Safety, Health, and Success


``SEC. 4201. PURPOSE.

  ``The purposes of this part are--
          ``(1) to support local educational agencies and 
        schools in providing comprehensive systems of learning 
        supports to students and their families so that 
        students receive their education in safe environments 
        and graduate from school college and career ready;
          ``(2) to enhance the ability of local educational 
        agencies and schools to leverage resources within 
        schools and within communities to improve instruction, 
        strengthen programs, and identify gaps in existing 
        programs for students;
          ``(3) to ensure the academic, behavioral, emotional, 
        health, mental health, and social needs of all 
        students, including students from low income families, 
        students with disabilities, English learners, and youth 
        who are involved in or who are identified by evidence-
        based risk assessment methods as being at high risk of 
        becoming involved in juvenile delinquency or criminal 
        street gangs;
          ``(4) to support programs and activities that prevent 
        violence in and around schools (including bullying and 
        harassment), that prevent the illegal use of alcohol, 
        tobacco, and drugs by students, and provide resources 
        to foster a safe and drug-free learning environment to 
        support student academic achievement; and
          ``(5) to enhance partnerships between schools, 
        parents, and communities, and better support family and 
        community engagement in education.

``SEC. 4202. RESERVATIONS AND ALLOTMENTS.

  ``(a) In General.--From the amount made available under 
section 4210 to carry out this part for each fiscal year, the 
Secretary--
          ``(1) shall reserve 1 percent of such amount for 
        grants to Guam, American Samoa, the United States 
        Virgin Islands, to be allotted in accordance with the 
        Secretary's determination of their respective needs and 
        to carry out programs described in this part; and
          ``(2) shall reserve 1 percent of such amount for the 
        Secretary of the Interior to carry out programs 
        described in this part for Indian youth.
  ``(b) State Allotments.--Except as provided in subsection 
(a), the Secretary shall, for each fiscal year, allot among the 
States--
          ``(1) one-half of the remainder not reserved under 
        subsection (a) according to the ratio between the 
        school-aged population of each State and the school-
        aged population of all the States; and
          ``(2) one-half of such remainder according to the 
        ratio between the amount each State received under 
        section 1124A for the preceding year and the sum of 
        such amounts received by all the States.
  ``(c) Minimum.--For any fiscal year, no State shall be 
allotted under this subsection an amount that is less than one-
half of 1 percent of the total amount allotted to all the 
States under this subsection.
  ``(d) Reallotment of Unused Funds.--
          ``(1) Reallotment for failure to apply.--If any State 
        does not apply for an allotment under this part for a 
        fiscal year, the Secretary shall reallot the amount of 
        the State's allotment to the remaining States in 
        accordance with this section.
          ``(2) Reallotment of unused funds.--The Secretary may 
        reallot any amount of any allotment to a State if the 
        Secretary determines that the State will be unable to 
        use such amount within 2 years of such allotment. Such 
        reallotments shall be made on the same basis as 
        allotments are made under subsection (b).

``SEC. 4203. STATE APPLICATIONS.

  ``(a) Application.--To receive a grant under this part, a 
State educational agency shall submit to the Secretary an 
application at such time and in such manner as the Secretary 
may require, and containing the information described in 
subsection (b).
  ``(b) Contents.--Each application submitted under subsection 
(a) shall include the following:
          ``(1) An assurance that the State educational agency 
        will review existing resources and programs across the 
        State and coordinate any new plans and resources under 
        this part with such existing programs and resources.
          ``(2) A description of how the State educational 
        agency will identify and eliminate State barriers to 
        the coordination and integration of programs, 
        initiatives, and funding streams so that local 
        educational agencies can provide comprehensive 
        continuums of learning supports.
          ``(3) A description of the State educational agency's 
        comprehensive school safety plan, which shall address 
        bullying and harassment, provide for evidence-based and 
        promising practices related to juvenile delinquency and 
        criminal street gang activity prevention and 
        intervention, address school-sponsored, off-premises, 
        overnight field trips, disaster preparedness, and 
        crisis and emergency management; and any other issues 
        determined necessary by the State educational agency 
        (existing plans may be used to satisfy the requirements 
        of this section if such existing plans include the 
        information required by this section, or can be 
        modified to do so, and are submitted to the Secretary 
        with such modifications) which--
                  ``(A) shall be submitted to the Secretary not 
                later than 1 year after the enactment of the 
                Student Success Act;
                  ``(B) shall be developed in consultation with 
                public safety and community partners, including 
                police, fire, emergency medical services, 
                emergency management agencies, parents, and 
                other such organizations;
                  ``(C) shall be made available to the public 
                in a manner that is understandable and 
                accessible; and
                  ``(D) the State educational agency shall 
                require all local educational agencies to adopt 
                the plan within 1 year of approval (existing 
                plans may be used to satisfy the requirements 
                of this section if such existing plans are 
                approved by the State educational agency and 
                include the information required by this 
                section, or can be modified to do so).
          ``(4) A description of how grant funds will be used 
        to identify best practices for professional development 
        for sustainable comprehensive program development.
          ``(5) A description of how the State educational 
        agency will monitor the implementation of activities 
        under this part, and provide technical assistance to 
        local eligible entities.
          ``(6) A description of how the State educational 
        agency will ensure subgrants to eligible entities will 
        facilitate school-community planning and effective 
        service coordination, integration, and provision at the 
        local level to achieve high performance standards based 
        on the system developed in paragraph (7).
          ``(7) A description of how the State educational 
        agency will develop a system for reporting and 
        measuring eligible entity performance, and assist 
        eligible entities in developing and implementing 
        systems for measuring performance based on the 
        indicators in section 4208(a)(3).
          ``(8) An assurance that the State educational agency 
        will set up a process to allow local eligible entities 
        who receive an award under section 4206 and who operate 
        a proven and effective program based on the measures of 
        performance described in paragraph (7) to recompete in 
        their last year of funding for an additional 5-year 
        cycle.
          ``(9) A description of the steps the State 
        educational agency will take to ensure that activities 
        and programs carried out by local eligible entities 
        will implement evidence based strategies.
          ``(10) A description of how the number of youth 
        involved in juvenile delinquency and criminal justice 
        systems will not increase as a results of activities 
        funded under this grant.
  ``(c) Approval Process.--
          ``(1) Deemed approval.--An application submitted by a 
        State pursuant to this section shall undergo peer 
        review by the Secretary and shall be deemed to be 
        approved by the Secretary unless the Secretary makes a 
        written determination, prior to the expiration of the 
        120-day period beginning on the date on which the 
        Secretary received the application, that the 
        application is not in compliance with this subpart.
          ``(2) Disapproval.--The Secretary shall not finally 
        disapprove the application, except after giving the 
        State educational agency and the chief executive 
        officer of the State notice and an opportunity for a 
        hearing.
          ``(3) Notification.--If the Secretary finds that the 
        application is not in compliance, in whole or in part, 
        with this subpart, the Secretary shall--
                  ``(A) give the State educational agency and 
                the chief executive officer of the State notice 
                and an opportunity for a hearing; and
                  ``(B) notify the State educational agency and 
                the chief executive officer of the State of the 
                finding of noncompliance, and in such 
                notification, shall--
                          ``(i) cite the specific provisions in 
                        the application that are not in 
                        compliance; and
                          ``(ii) request additional 
                        information, only as to the 
                        noncompliant provisions, needed to make 
                        the application compliant.
          ``(4) Response.--If the State educational agency and 
        the chief executive officer of the State respond to the 
        Secretary's notification described in paragraph (3)(B) 
        during the 45-day period beginning on the date on which 
        the agency received the notification, and resubmit the 
        application with the requested information described in 
        paragraph (3)(B)(ii), the Secretary shall approve or 
        disapprove such application prior to the later of--
                  ``(A) the expiration of the 45-day period 
                beginning on the date on which the application 
                is resubmitted; or
                  ``(B) the expiration of the 120-day period 
                described in paragraph (1).
          ``(5) Failure to respond.--If the State educational 
        agency and the chief executive officer of the State do 
        not respond to the Secretary's notification described 
        in paragraph (3)(B) during the 45-day period beginning 
        on the date on which the agency received the 
        notification, such application shall be deemed to be 
        disapproved.
  ``(d) Rule of Construction.--Nothing in this section shall be 
construed to prohibit local educational agencies or individual 
schools from incorporating additional elements to the State-
developed comprehensive school safety plan to improve student 
and school safety reflective of the individual agency or school 
community.

``SEC. 4204. STATE USE OF FUNDS.

  ``(a) 95 Percent of Funds.--Each State educational agency 
that receives a grant under this part shall reserve not less 
than 95 percent of the grant amount, for each fiscal year to 
award subgrants to local eligible entities in accordance with 
section 4206.
  ``(b) 5 Percent of Funds.--A State educational agency shall 
use not more than 5 percent, of which not more than 1 percent 
may be used for administration of a grant received under this 
subpart or may subgrant a portion of such funds to educational 
service agencies, or other public entities with demonstrated 
expertise to carry out the following activities:
          ``(1) Identify and eliminate State barriers to the 
        coordination and integration of programs, initiatives, 
        and funding streams so that local educational agencies 
        can provide comprehensive continuums of learning 
        supports.
          ``(2) Assist local eligible entities who are 
        prioritized in section 4205(b) including those eligible 
        entities that plan to serve rural and urban schools 
        by--
                  ``(A) informing those local eligible entities 
                that they have a priority for competing for 
                grants;
                  ``(B) providing technical assistance to the 
                local eligible entities for the development of 
                the applications described in section 4206;
                  ``(C) providing technical assistance to the 
                local eligible entities if they do not receive 
                a grant under section 4206 so that they may 
                recompete in following competitions;
          ``(3) Identify best practices for professional 
        development and capacity building for local educational 
        agencies for the delivery of a comprehensive system of 
        learning supports for teachers, administrators, and 
        specialized instructional support personnel in schools 
        that are served by the eligible entity receiving 
        funding under this part to implement the authorized 
        activities described in section 4207.
          ``(4) Reporting and evaluation activities.

``SEC. 4205. GENERAL SUBGRANT REQUIREMENTS.

  ``(a) In General.--A State educational agency shall use grant 
funds received under this part to award subgrants to eligible 
entities.
  ``(b) Absolute Priority.--In awarding subgrants to local 
eligible entities, the State educational agency shall give 
priority to--
          ``(1) local eligible entities that propose to serve a 
        high percentage or number of students that are eligible 
        for free or reduced price lunch under the Richard B. 
        Russell National School Lunch Act (42 U.S.C. 1751 et 
        seq.); and
          ``(2) local eligible entities proposing to serve 
        students who attend schools in need of improvement and 
        persistently low-achieving schools;
  ``(c) Competitive Priority.--In awarding subgrants to local 
eligible entities, the State educational agency shall give 
competitive priority to--
          ``(1) in the case of local eligible entities that 
        intend to implement programs described in section 
        4207(2)(A), local eligible entities that serve schools 
        that implement, or have plans to implement disciplinary 
        policies that are research based and focus on multi-
        tiered systems of support; and
          ``(2) in the case of eligible entities that intend to 
        implement programs described in section 4207(2)((C), 
        eligible entities proposing to serve geographic areas 
        most in need of these services and that commit to 
        working with local Promise Coordinating Councils.
  ``(d) Duration of Subgrant.--A State educational agency shall 
award under this part subgrants to eligible local entities for 
5 years.
  ``(e) Renewal.--
          ``(1) In general.--A State educational agency may 
        renew a subgrant awarded under this part for a period 
        of 5 years.
          ``(2) Renewal application.--To renew a subgrant, an 
        eligible entity shall submit an application to the 
        Secretary every 5 years as long as the eligible entity 
        can demonstrate that they operate a proven and 
        effective program based on performance on the 
        indicators in section 4208(a)(3).

``SEC. 4206. LOCAL ELIGIBLE ENTITY APPLICATION.

  ``(a) In General.--A local eligible entity that seeks a grant 
under this part shall submit an application to the State at 
such time, in such manner, and containing such information as 
the State may require, including the information described in 
subsection (b).
  ``(b) Contents.--An application submitted under subsection 
(a) shall include the following:
          ``(1) The results of a comprehensive needs assessment 
        (which shall include incident data, and teacher, 
        parent, or community surveys) and assets assessment 
        which shall include a comprehensive analysis of the 
        following--
                  ``(A) the safety of the schools served by the 
                local eligible entity (which shall include a 
                comprehensive analysis of incidents and 
                prevalence of bullying and harassment at 
                schools served by the local eligible entity);
                  ``(B) the incidence and prevalence of drug, 
                alcohol and substance abuse at schools served 
                by the local eligible entity;
                  ``(C) the needs of youth in the community 
                with respect to evidence-based and promising 
                practices related to juvenile delinquency and 
                criminal street gang activity prevention and 
                intervention, including an assessment of the 
                number of youth who are involved or at-risk of 
                involvement in juvenile delinquency and 
                criminal street gang activity and the number of 
                chronically truant youth;
                  ``(D) the number of specialized instructional 
                support personnel employed by schools served by 
                the local eligible entity and the services 
                provided by those personnel;
                  ``(E) the prevalence of student health 
                (including mental health, physical fitness, and 
                nutrition) needs at schools served by the local 
                eligible entity;
                  ``(F) existing programs and services intended 
                to provide a comprehensive system of support 
                within schools served by local eligible 
                entities, including the support of school 
                governance and leadership for the programs and 
                services;
                  ``(G) resources available in the community, 
                including public agencies and nonprofit 
                organizations, that could be leveraged by 
                schools served by the local eligible entity to 
                create comprehensive systems of support within 
                the schools;
                  ``(H) school discipline data including in-
                school suspensions, out-of-school suspensions, 
                expulsion, school-based arrests, referrals to 
                law enforcement, and referrals to alternative 
                schools; and
                  ``(I) additional needs identified by the 
                local eligible entity.
          ``(2) A description of the methodology used in 
        conducting the needs assessment described in (1);
          ``(3) A description of the plan to implement grant 
        funds (taking into account the cultural and linguistic 
        needs of the community) which shall include the 
        following components:
                  ``(A) A description of the services (taking 
                into account the cultural and linguistic needs 
                of the community) that will be provided by the 
                local eligible entity which shall include 
                prevention, intervention, and systematic 
                efforts to address student learning needs as 
                identified and prioritized by the needs 
                assessment in paragraph (1).
                  ``(B) A description of how existing 
                resources, services, and programs will be 
                coordinated and integrated with new resources, 
                services, and programs to create a 
                comprehensive system of learning supports that 
                is aligned with school improvement plans 
                required under section 1116, as applicable.
                  ``(C) A description of the partners within 
                the eligible entity and their roles as they 
                relate to the implementation of the 
                comprehensive system of learning supports that 
                will be implemented to address the needs 
                outlined in the needs and assets assessment 
                described in subsection (b)(1).
                  ``(D) A description of how the grant will be 
                used to enhance administrator's, teacher's, and 
                specialized instructional support personnel's 
                identification and response to student learning 
                needs for providing learning supports through 
                professional development, and how school 
                capacity will be enhanced to handle problems 
                facing students such as those identified in the 
                needs assessment.
                  ``(E) A description of how the eligible 
                entity will identify the financial savings from 
                deferred or eliminated costs, or other benefits 
                as a result of the programs or activities 
                implemented by the eligible entities (in the 
                case of an eligible entity who implements 
                programs described in section 4207(2)(C), a 
                comparative analysis of potential savings from 
                criminal justice costs, public assistance 
                costs, and other costs avoided by such 
                programs).
                  ``(F) A description of how the local eligible 
                entity will measure performance based on the 
                indicators described in section 4208(a)(3).
                  ``(G) A description of the process for 
                periodically reviewing the needs of students 
                and assets within the school and community, and 
                involving more community partners as 
                applicable, and how data on performance on the 
                indicators described in section 4208(a)(3) will 
                be used to provide feedback on progress, and 
                institutionalize support mechanisms to maintain 
                and continually improve activities including 
                when grant funds end.
  ``(c) Special Rule.--A local eligible entity may use--
          ``(1) an existing needs assessment to satisfy the 
        requirements of subsection (b)(1), if the assessment 
        includes the information required by such subsection, 
        or can be modified to do so; and
          ``(2) an existing plan to satisfy the requirements of 
        subsection (b)(3), if the plan meets the requirements 
        of such subsection and is approved by the State 
        educational agency.

``SEC. 4207. LOCAL ELIGIBLE ENTITY USE OF FUNDS.

  ``A local eligible entity that receives a subgrant under this 
part shall use such funds to carry out the following 
activities:
          ``(1) Implement a comprehensive plan as described in 
        section 4206(b)(3).
          ``(2) Programs and activities that address the needs 
        of the schools served by the eligible entity as 
        identified by the needs and assets assessment in 
        section 4206(b)(1), which may include--
                  ``(A) violence prevention programs, 
                including--
                          ``(i) programs to provide safe 
                        passage to and from school;
                          ``(ii) programs to prevent and 
                        appropriately respond to incidents of 
                        bullying and harassment (including 
                        professional development for teachers 
                        and other school personnel);
                          ``(iii) programs that promote 
                        positive school environments for 
                        learning and reduce the need for 
                        suspensions, expulsions, referral to 
                        law enforcement, and other practices 
                        that remove students from instruction;
                          ``(iv) conflict resolution and 
                        restorative practice and mediation 
                        programs;
                          ``(v) activities that involve 
                        families, community sectors (which may 
                        include appropriately trained seniors) 
                        and a variety of providers in setting 
                        clear expectations against violence and 
                        appropriate consequences of violence;
                          ``(vi) professional development and 
                        training for, and involvement of, 
                        school personnel, specialized 
                        instructional personnel, parents, and 
                        interested community members in 
                        prevention, education, early 
                        identification and intervention, 
                        mentoring, or rehabilitation referral, 
                        as related to violence prevention;
                          ``(vii) reporting criminal offenses 
                        committed on school property;
                          ``(viii) emergency intervention 
                        services following traumatic crisis 
                        events, such as shooting, or a major 
                        accident that has disrupted the 
                        learning environment;
                          ``(ix) establishing and maintaining a 
                        school safety hotline;
                          ``(x) programs to train school 
                        personnel to identify warning signs of 
                        youth suicide and to create an action 
                        plan to help youth at risk of suicide; 
                        or
                          ``(xi) programs that respond to the 
                        needs of students who are faced with 
                        domestic violence or child abuse;
                  ``(B) drug and alcohol abuse prevention 
                programs, including--
                          ``(i) age appropriate and 
                        developmentally based activities that--
                                  ``(I) address the 
                                consequences of violence and 
                                illegal use of drugs, as 
                                appropriate;
                                  ``(II) promote a sense of 
                                individual responsibility and 
                                teach students that most people 
                                do not illegally use drugs;
                                  ``(III) teach students to 
                                recognize social and peer 
                                pressure to use drugs illegally 
                                and the skills for resisting 
                                illegal drug use; and
                                  ``(IV) teach students about 
                                the dangers of emerging drugs;
                          ``(ii) activities that involve 
                        families, community sectors (which may 
                        include appropriately trained seniors) 
                        and a variety of providers in setting 
                        clear expectations against illegal use 
                        of drugs and appropriate consequences 
                        for illegal use of drugs;
                          ``(iii) dissemination of drug 
                        prevention information to schools and 
                        communities;
                          ``(iv) professional development and 
                        training for, and involvement of, 
                        school personnel, specialized 
                        instructional support personnel, 
                        parents, and interested community 
                        members in prevention, education, early 
                        identification and intervention, 
                        mentoring, or rehabilitation referral, 
                        as related to drug prevention; or
                          ``(v) community wide planning and 
                        organizing to reduce illegal drug use;
                  ``(C) evidence-based and promising practices 
                related to juvenile delinquency and criminal 
                street gang activity prevention and 
                intervention for youth who are involved in, or 
                at risk of involvement in, juvenile delinquency 
                or street gang activity (that shall involve 
                multiple community partners within the local 
                eligible entity through coordination with a 
                local Promise Coordinating Council);
                  ``(D) recruiting, hiring, and maintaining 
                specialized instructional support personnel or 
                providing additional specialized instructional 
                support services, including comprehensive 
                career counseling, with priority given to the 
                highest need schools to be served by the 
                eligible entity;
                  ``(E) implementing multi-tiered systems of 
                support including positive behavior supports;
                  ``(F) support services to address the 
                behavioral, emotional, physical health, mental 
                health and social needs of students, 
                including--
                          ``(i) social and emotional learning 
                        programs;
                          ``(ii) mentoring programs;
                          ``(iii) physical fitness, health 
                        education, and nutrition education 
                        programs; and
                          ``(iv) programs to purchase automated 
                        external defibrillators and providing 
                        training in the use of these 
                        defibrillators;
                  ``(G) services and programs to support 
                education of pregnant and parenting teens;
                  ``(H) programs that enable schools to prepare 
                for, respond to, and recover from disasters, 
                crises and emergencies that threaten safety or 
                disrupt teaching and learning; or
                  ``(I) other services consistent with this 
                section.

``SEC. 4208. ACCOUNTABILITY AND TRANSPARENCY.

  ``(a) Local Accountability and Transparency.--On an annual 
basis, each local eligible entity shall report to the public 
and the State such information as the State may reasonably 
require, including--
          ``(1) the number of students, aggregated and 
        disaggregated by subgroup as described in section 
        1111(c)(3)(A) who were served by the programs and 
        activities in this part;
          ``(2) the programs and services provided under this 
        Act;
          ``(3) outcomes resulting from activities and services 
        funded under this part, aggregated and disaggregated by 
        subgroup as described in section 1111(c)(3)(A) on the 
        following indicators--
                  ``(A) student academic achievement as 
                measured by State academic assessments and 
                student growth over time;
                  ``(B) for diploma granting schools, 
                graduation rates;
                  ``(C) student attendance;
                  ``(D) suspensions and expulsions;
                  ``(E) performance on a set of other 
                indicators that shall be based on the 
                activities and services implemented based on 
                the results of the needs assessment described 
                in section 4206(b)(1) and may include--
                          ``(i) the frequency, seriousness, and 
                        incidence of violence, including 
                        bullying and harassment, and drug 
                        related offenses resulting in 
                        suspensions and expulsions;
                          ``(ii) the incidence and prevalence, 
                        age of onset, perception of health 
                        risk, and perception of social 
                        disapproval of drug use and violence by 
                        youth in schools and communities;
                          ``(iii) the safety of passage to and 
                        from school;
                          ``(iv) as appropriate, rate of earned 
                        on-time promotion from grade to grade;
                          ``(v) for diploma granting schools, 
                        the percentage of students taking a 
                        college preparatory curriculum, or 
                        student rates of enrollment, 
                        persistence, and attainment of an 
                        associate or baccalaureate degree;
                          ``(vi) academic and developmental 
                        transitions, including from elementary 
                        to middle school and middle school to 
                        high school;
                          ``(vii) referrals to school resource 
                        personnel;
                          ``(viii) evidence of increased parent 
                        and family engagement and support for 
                        children's learning;
                          ``(ix) evidence of increased student 
                        engagement in school, which may include 
                        completing of assignments and coming to 
                        class prepared and on-time;
                          ``(x) student health, including 
                        mental health and the amelioration of 
                        risk factors; and
                  ``(F) other outcome areas as determined by 
                the State educational agency.
  ``(b) State Accountability and Transparency.--On an annual 
basis, each State educational agency that receives funds under 
this part shall annually prepare and submit to the Secretary a 
report that contains all reports submitted by local eligible 
entities under the jurisdiction of the agency provided under 
(a).
  ``(c) Supplement, Not Supplant.--Grant funds provided under 
this part shall be used to supplement, and not supplant, other 
Federal, State, or local funds that would, in the absence of 
such grant funds, be made available for comprehensive systems 
of learning supports and students participating in programs 
under this part.
  ``(d) Publication and Availability of Report.--The Secretary 
shall publish and make widely available to the public, 
including through a website or other means, a summary of the 
reports received under (b).

``SEC. 4209. DEFINITIONS.

  ``(a) For purposes of this part--
          ``(1) Incident data.--The term `incident data' means 
        data from incident reports by school officials 
        including, but not limited to, truancy rates; the 
        frequency, seriousness, and incidence of violence and 
        drug-related offenses resulting in suspensions and 
        expulsions; the incidence of bullying and harassment, 
        and the incidence and prevalence of drug use and 
        violence by students in schools.
          ``(2) Comprehensive system of learning supports.--The 
        term `comprehensive system of learning supports' means 
        the multifaceted, and cohesive resources, strategies, 
        and practices that provide class-room based or school-
        wide interventions to address the academic, behavioral, 
        emotional, physical health, mental health, and social 
        needs of students and families to improve student 
        learning, teacher instruction and school management.
          ``(3) Local eligible entity.--The term `local 
        eligible entity' means a consortium consisting of 
        community representatives that--
                  ``(A) shall include--
                          ``(i) a local educational agency;
                          ``(ii) not less than 1 other 
                        community partner organization; and
                  ``(B) may include a broad array of community 
                partners, including a community based 
                organization, a child and youth serving 
                organization, an institution of higher 
                education, a foundation, a business, a local 
                government, including a local governmental 
                agency serving children and youth such as a 
                child welfare and juvenile justice agency; 
                students, and parents; and may include 
                representatives from multiple jurisdictions.
          ``(4) Multi-tiered system of support.--For purposes 
        of this Act, the term `multi-tiered system of support' 
        means a comprehensive system of differentiated supports 
        that includes evidence-based instruction, universal 
        screening, progress monitoring, formative assessments, 
        research-based interventions matched to student needs 
        and educational decisionmaking using student outcome 
        data.
          ``(5) Bullying.--The term `bullying'--
                  ``(A) means conduct, including electronic 
                communication, that adversely affects the 
                ability of 1 or more students to participate in 
                and benefit from the school's educational 
                programs or activities by placing the student 
                (or students) in reasonable fear of physical 
                harm; and
                  ``(B) includes conduct that is based on--
                          ``(i) a student's actual or 
                        perceived--
                                  ``(I) race;
                                  ``(II) color;
                                  ``(III) national origin;
                                  ``(IV) sex;
                                  ``(V) disability
                                  ``(VI) sexual orientation;
                                  ``(VII) gender identity; or
                                  ``(VIII) religion;
                          ``(ii) any other distinguishing 
                        characteristics that may be defined by 
                        a State or local educational agency; or
                          ``(iii) association with a person or 
                        group with 1 or more of the actual or 
                        perceived characteristics listed in 
                        clause (i) or (ii).
          ``(6) Harassment.--The term `harassment'--
                  ``(A) means conduct, including electronic 
                communication, that adversely affects the 
                ability of 1 or more students to participate in 
                and benefit from the school's educational 
                programs or activities because the conduct, as 
                reasonably perceived, is so severe, persistent, 
                or persuasive; and
                  ``(B) includes conduct that is based on--
                          ``(i) a student's actual or 
                        perceived--
                                  ``(I) race;
                                  ``(II) color;
                                  ``(III) national origin;
                                  ``(IV) sex;
                                  ``(V) disability
                                  ``(VI) sexual orientation;
                                  ``(VII) gender identity; or
                                  ``(VIII) religion;
                          ``(ii) any other distinguishing 
                        characteristics that may be defined by 
                        a State or local educational agency; or
                          ``(iii) association with a person or 
                        group with 1 or more of the actual or 
                        perceived characteristics listed in 
                        clause (i) or (ii).
          ``(7) Juvenile delinquency and criminal street gang 
        activity prevention and intervention.--The term 
        `juvenile delinquency and criminal street gang activity 
        prevention and intervention' means the provision of 
        programs and resources to children and families who 
        have not yet had substantial contact with criminal 
        justice or juvenile justice systems or to youth who are 
        involved in, or who are identified by evidence-based 
        risk assessment methods as being at high risk of 
        continued involvement in, juvenile delinquency or 
        criminal street gangs, that--
                  ``(A) are designed to reduce potential 
                juvenile delinquency and criminal street gang 
                activity risks; and
                  ``(B) are evidence-based or promising 
                educational, health, mental health, school-
                based, community-based, faith-based, parenting, 
                job training, social opportunities and 
                experiences, or other programs, for youth and 
                their families, that have been demonstrated to 
                be effective in reducing juvenile delinquency 
                and criminal street gang activity risks.
          ``(8) PROMISE coordinating councils.--The members of 
        a PROMISE Coordinating Council shall be representatives 
        of public and private sector entities and individuals 
        that--
                  ``(A) shall include, to the extent possible, 
                at least one representative from each of the 
                following:
                          ``(i) the local chief executive's 
                        office;
                          ``(ii) a local educational agency;
                          ``(iii) a local health agency or 
                        provider;
                          ``(iv) a local mental health agency 
                        or provider, unless the representative 
                        under clause (iii)) also meets the 
                        requirements of this subparagraph;
                          ``(v) a local public housing agency;
                          ``(vi) a local law enforcement 
                        agency;
                          ``(vii) a local child welfare agency;
                          ``(viii) a local juvenile court;
                          ``(ix) a local juvenile prosecutor's 
                        office;
                          ``(x) a private juvenile residential 
                        care entity;
                          ``(xi) a local juvenile public 
                        defender's office;
                          ``(xii) a State juvenile correctional 
                        entity;
                          ``(xiii) a local business community 
                        representative; and
                          ``(xiv) a local faith-based community 
                        representative;
                  ``(B) shall include two representatives from 
                each of the following:
                          ``(i) parents who have minor 
                        children, and who have an interest in 
                        the local juvenile or criminal justice 
                        systems;
                          ``(ii) youth between the ages of 15 
                        and 24 who reside in the jurisdiction 
                        of the unit or Tribe; and
                          ``(iii) members from nonprofit 
                        community-based organizations that 
                        provide effective delinquency 
                        prevention and intervention to youth in 
                        the jurisdiction of the eligible 
                        entity; and
                  ``(C) may include other members, as 
                appropriate.
          ``(9) Specialized instructional support personnel.--
        The term `specialized instructional support personnel' 
        means school counselors, school social workers, school 
        psychologists, school nurses, and other qualified 
        professionals involved in providing assessment, 
        diagnosis, counseling, educational, therapeutic, 
        medical, and other necessary services (including 
        related services as that term is defined in section 602 
        of the Individuals with Disabilities in Education Act) 
        as part of a comprehensive program to meet student 
        needs.

``SEC. 4210. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

  ``There are authorized to be appropriated to carry out this 
part $350,000,000 for fiscal year 2014 and such sums as may be 
necessary for each succeeding fiscal year.''.

          TITLE V--WELL-ROUNDED STUDENTS AND ENGAGED FAMILIES

                   Subtitle A--Public Charter Schools

SEC. 501. PURPOSE.

  Section 5201 (20 U.S.C. 7221) is amended to read as follows:

``SEC. 5201. PURPOSE.

  ``It is the purpose of this subpart to--
          ``(1) provide financial assistance for the planning, 
        program design, and initial implementation of charter 
        schools;
          ``(2) expand the number of high-quality charter 
        schools available to students across the Nation;
          ``(3) evaluate the impact of such schools on student 
        achievement, families, and communities, and share best 
        practices between charter schools and other public 
        schools;
          ``(4) encourage States to provide support to charter 
        schools for facilities financing in an amount more 
        nearly commensurate to the amount the States have 
        typically provided for traditional public schools;
          ``(5) improve student services to increase 
        opportunities for students with disabilities, English 
        language learners, and other traditionally underserved 
        students to attend charter schools and meet challenging 
        State academic achievement standards;
          ``(6) support efforts to strengthen the charter 
        school authorizing process to improve performance 
        management, including transparency, monitoring, and 
        evaluation of such schools; and
          ``(7) ensure quality, accountability and transparency 
        in the operations and performance of all authorized 
        public chartering agencies, including State and local 
        educational agencies, and charter schools.''.

SEC. 502. PROGRAM AUTHORIZED.

  Section 5202 (20 U.S.C. 7221a) is amended to read as follows:

``SEC. 5202. PROGRAM AUTHORIZED.

  ``(a) In General.--This subpart authorizes the Secretary to 
carry out a charter school program that supports charter 
schools that serve elementary school and secondary school 
students by--
          ``(1) supporting the startup, replication, and 
        expansion of charter schools;
          ``(2) assisting charter schools in accessing credit 
        to acquire and renovate facilities for school use; and
          ``(3) carrying out national activities to support--
                  ``(A) charter school development;
                  ``(B) the dissemination of best practices of 
                charter schools for all schools; and
                  ``(C) the evaluation of the impact of the 
                program on schools participating in the 
                program.
  ``(b) Funding Allotment.--From the amount made available 
under section 5211 for a fiscal year, the Secretary shall--
          ``(1) reserve 12.5 percent to support charter school 
        facilities assistance under section 5204;
          ``(2) reserve not more than 2.5 percent to carry out 
        technical assistance, best practices, and evaluation 
        under section 5205(a);
          ``(3) reserve not more than 5 percent to carry out 
        grants to eligible applicants under section 5205(b); 
        and
          ``(4) use the remaining amount after the Secretary 
        reserves funds under paragraphs (1) and (2) to carry 
        out section 5203.
  ``(c) Prior Grants and Subgrants.--The recipient of a grant 
or subgrant under this subpart, as such subpart was in effect 
on the day before the date of enactment of the Student Success 
Act, shall continue to receive funds in accordance with the 
terms and conditions of such grant or subgrant.''.

SEC. 503. GRANTS TO SUPPORT HIGH-QUALITY CHARTER SCHOOLS.

  Section 5203 (20 U.S.C. 7221b) is amended to read as follows:

``SEC. 5203. GRANTS TO SUPPORT HIGH-QUALITY CHARTER SCHOOLS.

  ``(a) In General.--From the amount reserved under section 
5202(b)(3), the Secretary shall award grants to State entities 
having applications approved pursuant to subsection (f) to 
enable such entities to--
          ``(1) award subgrants to eligible applicants for--
                  ``(A) opening new charter schools;
                  ``(B) replicating high-quality charter school 
                models; or
                  ``(C) expanding high-quality charter schools; 
                and
          ``(2) provide technical assistance to eligible 
        applicants and authorized public chartering agencies in 
        carrying out the activities described in paragraph (1) 
        and work with authorized public chartering agencies in 
        the State to improve authorizing quality.
  ``(b) State Uses of Funds.--
          ``(1) In general.--A State entity receiving a grant 
        under this section shall--
                  ``(A) use 90 percent of the grant funds to 
                award subgrants to eligible applicants, in 
                accordance with the quality charter school 
                program described in the entity's application 
                approved pursuant to subsection (f), for the 
                purposes described in subparagraphs (A) through 
                (C) of subsection (a)(1); and
                  ``(B) reserve 10 percent of such funds to 
                carry out the activities described in 
                subsection (a)(2), of which not more than 30 
                percent may be used for administrative costs 
                which may include technical assistance.
          ``(2) Contracts and grants.--A State entity may use a 
        grant received under this section to carry out the 
        activities described in subparagraphs (A) and (B) of 
        paragraph (1) directly or through grants, contracts, or 
        cooperative agreements.
  ``(c) Program Periods; Peer Review; Diversity of Projects.--
          ``(1) Program periods.--
                  ``(A) Grants.--A grant awarded by the 
                Secretary to a State entity under this section 
                shall be for a period of not more than 5 years.
                  ``(B) Subgrants.--A subgrant awarded by a 
                State entity under this section shall be for a 
                period of not more than 5 years, of which an 
                eligible applicant may use not more than 18 
                months for planning and program design.
          ``(2) Peer review.--The Secretary, and each State 
        entity receiving a grant under this section, shall use 
        a peer review process to review applications for 
        assistance under this section.
          ``(3) Diversity of projects.--Each State entity 
        receiving a grant under this section shall award 
        subgrants under this section in a manner that, to the 
        extent possible, ensures that such subgrants--
                  ``(A) are distributed throughout different 
                areas, including urban, suburban, and rural 
                areas; and
                  ``(B) will assist charter schools 
                representing a variety of educational 
                approaches.
  ``(d) Limitations.--
          ``(1) Grants.--A State entity may not receive more 
        than 1 grant under this section for a 5-year period.
          ``(2) Subgrants.--An eligible applicant may not 
        receive more than 1 subgrant under this section per 
        charter school for a 5-year period.
  ``(e) Applications.--A State entity desiring to receive a 
grant under this section shall submit an application to the 
Secretary at such time and in such manner as the Secretary may 
require. The application shall include the following:
          ``(1) Description of program.--A description of the 
        entity's objectives in opening and initially operating 
        a quality charter school program under this section and 
        how the objectives of the program will be carried out, 
        including a description--
                  ``(A) of how the entity will--
                          ``(i) support both new charter school 
                        startup and the expansion and 
                        replication of high-quality charter 
                        school models;
                          ``(ii) inform eligible charter 
                        schools, developers, and authorized 
                        public chartering agencies of the 
                        availability of funds under the 
                        program;
                          ``(iii) work with eligible applicants 
                        to ensure that the applicants access 
                        all Federal funds that they are 
                        eligible to receive, and help the 
                        charter schools supported by the 
                        applicants and the students attending 
                        the charter schools--
                                  ``(I) participate in the 
                                Federal programs in which the 
                                schools and students are 
                                eligible to participate; and
                                  ``(II) receive the 
                                commensurate share of Federal 
                                funds the schools and students 
                                are eligible to receive under 
                                such programs;
                          ``(iv) in the case in which the 
                        entity is not a State educational 
                        agency--
                                  ``(I) work with the State 
                                educational agency and the 
                                charter schools in the State to 
                                maximize charter school 
                                participation in Federal and 
                                State programs for charter 
                                schools; and
                                  ``(II) work with the State 
                                educational agency to 
                                adequately operate the entity's 
                                program under this section, 
                                where applicable;
                          ``(v) ensure eligible applicants that 
                        receive a subgrant under the entity's 
                        program are prepared to continue to 
                        operate the charter schools receiving 
                        the subgrant funds once the funds have 
                        expired;
                          ``(vi) support charter schools 
                        participating in the entity's program 
                        and that are in local educational 
                        agencies with large numbers of schools 
                        that must comply with the requirements 
                        of section 1116(b);
                          ``(vii) work with charter schools to 
                        promote inclusion of all students and 
                        support all students once they are 
                        enrolled to promote retention;
                          ``(viii) work with charter schools on 
                        recruitment practices, including 
                        efforts to engage groups that may 
                        otherwise have limited opportunities to 
                        participate in charter schools;
                          ``(ix) share best and promising 
                        practices between charter schools and 
                        other public schools;
                          ``(x) ensure the charter schools they 
                        support can meet the educational needs 
                        of their students, including students 
                        with disabilities and English language 
                        learners; and
                          ``(xi) support efforts to increase 
                        quality initiatives, including meeting 
                        the quality authorizing elements 
                        described in paragraph (2)(E);
                  ``(B) of the extent to which the entity--
                          ``(i) is able to meet and carry out 
                        the priorities listed in subsection 
                        (f)(2); and
                          ``(ii) is working to develop or 
                        strengthen a cohesive statewide system 
                        to support the opening of new charter 
                        schools a replica of high-quality 
                        charter school models, and expanding 
                        high-quality charter schools;
                  ``(C) how the entity will carry out the 
                subgrant competition, including--
                          ``(i) a description of the 
                        application each eligible applicant 
                        desiring to receive a subgrant will 
                        submit, including--
                                  ``(I) a description of the 
                                roles and responsibilities of 
                                eligible applicants, partner 
                                organizations, and management 
                                organizations, including the 
                                administrative and contractual 
                                roles and responsibilities;
                                  ``(II) a description of the 
                                quality controls agreed to 
                                between the eligible applicant 
                                and the authorized public 
                                chartering agency involved, 
                                such as a contract or 
                                performance agreement, and how 
                                a school's performance on the 
                                State's academic accountability 
                                system will be a primary factor 
                                for renewal;
                                  ``(III) a description of how 
                                the eligible applicant will 
                                solicit and consider input from 
                                parents and other members of 
                                the community on the planning, 
                                implementation, and operation 
                                of each charter school 
                                receiving funds under the 
                                entity's program; and
                                  ``(IV) for each year of the 
                                grant, planned activities and 
                                expenditures for use of funds 
                                received under this section for 
                                the purposes of opening and 
                                initially operating a new 
                                charter school, replicating a 
                                high-quality charter school 
                                model and initially operating 
                                such school, or expansion of a 
                                high-quality charter school and 
                                initially operating such school 
                                while ensuring financial 
                                sustainability of the school 
                                following the grant period; and
                          ``(ii) a description of how the 
                        entity will review applications; and
                  ``(D) in the case of an entity that partners 
                with an outside organization to carry out the 
                entity's quality charter school program, in 
                whole or in part, of the roles and 
                responsibilities of this partner.
          ``(2) Assurances.--Assurances, including a 
        description of how the assurances will be met, that--
                  ``(A) each charter school receiving funds 
                under the entity's program will have a high 
                degree of autonomy over budget and operations;
                  ``(B) the entity will support charter schools 
                in meeting the educational needs of their 
                students as described in paragraph (1)(A)(x);
                  ``(C) the entity will ensure that the 
                authorized public chartering agency of any 
                charter school that receives funds under the 
                entity's program--
                          ``(i) ensures that the charter school 
                        is meeting the obligations under this 
                        Act, part B of the Individuals with 
                        Disabilities Education Act, title VI of 
                        the Civil Rights Act of 1964, section 
                        504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973, 
                        the Age Discrimination Act of 1975, the 
                        Americans with Disabilities Act of 
                        1990, section 444 of the General 
                        Education Provisions Act (commonly 
                        known as the `Family Educational Rights 
                        and Privacy Act of 1974'), and title IX 
                        of the Education Amendments of 1972; 
                        and
                          ``(ii) adequately monitors and helps 
                        ensure each charter school, with 
                        respect to recruitment and enrollment 
                        is meeting the needs of all students, 
                        including students with disabilities 
                        and English language learners;
                  ``(D) the entity will provide adequate 
                technical assistance to eligible applicants 
                to--
                          ``(i) meet the objectives described 
                        in clauses (vii) and (viii) of 
                        paragraph (1)(A) and paragraph (2)(B); 
                        and
                          ``(ii) recruit and enroll 
                        traditionally underserved students, 
                        including students with disabilities 
                        and English language learners, to 
                        promote an inclusive education 
                        environment;
                  ``(E) the entity will promote quality 
                authorizing, such as through providing 
                technical assistance, to support all authorized 
                public chartering agencies in the State to 
                improve the monitoring of their charter schools 
                in compliance with quality charter authorizing 
                standards described in section 1111(d)(1)(I);
                  ``(F) the entity will work to ensure that 
                charter schools are included with the 
                traditional public school system in decision-
                making about the public school system in the 
                State; and
                  ``(G) the entity will ensure that each 
                charter school in the State make publicly 
                available, consistent with the dissemination 
                requirements of the annual State report card, 
                the information parents need to make informed 
                decisions about the educational options 
                available to their children, including 
                information on the educational program, student 
                support services, and annual performance and 
                enrollment.
          ``(3) Requests for waivers.--A request and 
        justification for waivers of any Federal statutory or 
        regulatory provisions that the entity believes are 
        necessary for the successful operation of the charter 
        schools that will receive funds under the entity's 
        program under this section, and a description of any 
        State or local rules, generally applicable to public 
        schools, that will be waived, or otherwise not apply to 
        such schools.
  ``(f) Selection Criteria; Priority.--
          ``(1) Selection criteria.--The Secretary shall award 
        grants to State entities under this section on the 
        basis of the quality of the applications submitted 
        under subsection (e), after taking into consideration--
                  ``(A) the degree of flexibility afforded by 
                the State's public charter school law and how 
                the entity will work to maximize the 
                flexibility provided to charter schools under 
                the law;
                  ``(B) the ambitiousness of the entity's 
                objectives for the quality charter school 
                program carried out under this section;
                  ``(C) the quality of the strategy for 
                assessing achievement of those objectives;
                  ``(D) the likelihood that the eligible 
                applicants receiving subgrants under the 
                program will meet those objectives and improve 
                educational results for students;
                  ``(E) the proposed number of new charter 
                schools to be opened, and the number of high-
                quality charter schools to be replicated or 
                expanded under the program;
                  ``(F) the entity's plan to--
                          ``(i) adequately monitor the eligible 
                        applicants receiving subgrants under 
                        the entity's program;
                          ``(ii) work with the authorized 
                        public chartering agencies involved to 
                        avoid duplication of work for the 
                        charter schools and authorized public 
                        chartering agencies;
                          ``(iii) provide adequate technical 
                        assistance, as described in the 
                        entity's application under subsection 
                        (e), for the eligible applicants 
                        receiving subgrants under the entity's 
                        program under this section; and
                          ``(iv) support quality authorizing 
                        efforts in the State, consistent with 
                        quality charter school authorizing 
                        standards described in section 
                        1111(d)(1)(H).
          ``(2) Priority.--In awarding grants under this 
        section, the Secretary shall give priority to State 
        entities to the extent that they meet the following 
        criteria:
                  ``(A) The State entity is located in a State 
                that allows appeals of authorized public 
                chartering agency, including State and local 
                educational agency, decisions pertaining to 
                granting, renewal, or revocation of charter 
                agreements.
                  ``(B) The State entity is located in a State 
                that does not impose any limitation on the 
                number or percentage of charter schools that 
                may exist or the number or percentage of 
                students that may attend charter schools in the 
                State.
                  ``(C) The State entity is located in a State 
                that ensures equitable financing, as compared 
                to traditional public schools, for charter 
                schools and students in a prompt manner.
                  ``(D) The State entity is located in a State 
                that uses charter schools and best practices 
                from charter schools to help improve struggling 
                schools and local educational agencies.
                  ``(E) The State entity partners with an 
                organization that has a demonstrated record of 
                success in developing management organizations 
                to support the development of charter schools 
                in the State.
                  ``(F) The State entity demonstrates quality 
                policies and practices to support and monitor 
                charter schools through factors, including--
                          ``(i) the proportion of high-quality 
                        charter schools in the State; and
                          ``(ii) the proportion of charter 
                        schools enrolling, at a rate similar to 
                        traditional public schools, 
                        traditionally underserved students, 
                        including students with disabilities 
                        and English language learners.
                  ``(G) The entity has taken steps to ensure 
                that all authorized public chartering agencies 
                implement best practices for quality charter 
                school authorizing as described in section 
                1111(d)(1)(I).
  ``(g) Local Uses of Funds.--An eligible applicant receiving a 
subgrant under this section shall use such funds to carry out 
activities to open and initially operate new charter schools, 
replicate high-quality charter school models and initially 
operate such schools, or expand existing high-quality charter 
schools and initially operate such schools to ensure strong 
school starts, as submitted annually by the eligible applicant 
according to subparagraph (e)(1)(C)(IV)..
  ``(h) Reporting Requirements.--Each State entity receiving a 
grant under this section shall submit to the Secretary, at the 
end of the third year of the 5-year grant period and at the end 
of such grant period, a report on--
          ``(1) the number of students served and, if 
        applicable, how many new students were served during 
        each year of the grant period;
          ``(2) the number of subgrants awarded under this 
        section to carry out each of the following--
                  ``(A) the opening of new charter schools;
                  ``(B) the replication of high-quality charter 
                school models; and
                  ``(C) the expansion of high-quality charter 
                schools;
          ``(3) the progress the entity made toward meeting the 
        priorities described in subsection (f)(2), as 
        applicable;
          ``(4) how the entity met the objectives of the 
        quality charter school program described in the 
        entity's application under subsection (e);
          ``(5) how the entity complied with, and ensured that 
        eligible applicants complied with, the assurances 
        described in the entity's application; and
          ``(6) how the entity worked with authorized public 
        chartering agencies, including how the agencies worked 
        with the management company or leadership of the 
        schools in which the subgrants were awarded.
  ``(i) State Entity Defined.--For purposes of this section, 
the term `State entity' means--
          ``(1) a State educational agency; or
          ``(2) a State charter school board.''.

SEC. 504. FACILITIES FINANCING ASSISTANCE.

  Section 5204 (20 U.S.C. 7221c) is amended to read as follows:

``SEC. 5204. FACILITIES FINANCING ASSISTANCE.

  ``(a) Grants to Eligible Entities.--
          ``(1) In general.--From the amount reserved under 
        section 5202(b)(1), the Secretary shall award not less 
        than 3 grants to eligible entities that have 
        applications approved under subsection (d) to 
        demonstrate innovative methods of assisting charter 
        schools to address the cost of acquiring, constructing, 
        and renovating facilities by enhancing the availability 
        of loans or bond financing.
          ``(2) Eligible entity defined.--For purposes of this 
        section, the term `eligible entity' means--
                  ``(A) a public entity, such as a State or 
                local governmental entity;
                  ``(B) a private nonprofit entity; or
                  ``(C) a consortium of entities described in 
                subparagraphs (A) and (B).
  ``(b) Grantee Selection.--
          ``(1) Evaluation of application.--The Secretary shall 
        evaluate each application submitted under subsection 
        (d), and shall determine whether the application is 
        sufficient to merit approval.
          ``(2) Distribution of grants.--The Secretary shall 
        award at least one grant to an eligible entity 
        described in subsection (a)(2)(A), at least one grant 
        to an eligible entity described in subsection 
        (a)(2)(B), and at least one grant to an eligible entity 
        described in subsection (a)(2)(C), if applications are 
        submitted that permit the Secretary to do so without 
        approving an application that is not of sufficient 
        quality to merit approval.
  ``(c) Grant Characteristics.--Grants under subsection (a) 
shall be of a sufficient size, scope, and quality so as to 
ensure an effective demonstration of an innovative means of 
enhancing credit for the financing of charter school 
acquisition, construction, or renovation.
  ``(d) Applications.--
          ``(1) In general.--To receive a grant under 
        subsection (a), an eligible entity shall submit to the 
        Secretary an application in such form as the Secretary 
        may reasonably require.
          ``(2) Contents.--An application submitted under 
        paragraph (1) shall contain--
                  ``(A) a statement identifying the activities 
                proposed to be undertaken with funds received 
                under subsection (a), including how the 
                eligible entity will determine which charter 
                schools will receive assistance, and how much 
                and what types of assistance charter schools 
                will receive;
                  ``(B) a description of the involvement of 
                charter schools in the application's 
                development and the design of the proposed 
                activities;
                  ``(C) a description of the eligible entity's 
                expertise in capital market financing;
                  ``(D) a description of how the proposed 
                activities will leverage the maximum amount of 
                private-sector financing capital relative to 
                the amount of government funding used and 
                otherwise enhance credit available to charter 
                schools, including how the entity will offer a 
                combination of rates and terms more favorable 
                than the rates and terms that a charter school 
                could receive without assistance from the 
                entity under this section;
                  ``(E) a description of how the eligible 
                entity possesses sufficient expertise in 
                education to evaluate the likelihood of success 
                of a charter school program for which 
                facilities financing is sought;
                  ``(F) a description of how the eligible 
                entity will encourage energy-efficient school 
                building practices;
                  ``(G) in the case of an application submitted 
                by a State governmental entity, a description 
                of the actions that the entity has taken, or 
                will take, to ensure that charter schools 
                within the State receive the funding the 
                charter schools need to have adequate 
                facilities; and
                  ``(H) such other information as the Secretary 
                may reasonably require.
  ``(e) Charter School Objectives.--An eligible entity 
receiving a grant under this section shall use the funds 
deposited in the reserve account established under subsection 
(f) to assist one or more charter schools to access private 
sector capital to accomplish one or both of the following 
objectives:
          ``(1) The acquisition (by purchase, lease, donation, 
        or otherwise) of an interest (including an interest 
        held by a third party for the benefit of a charter 
        school) in improved or unimproved real property that is 
        necessary to commence or continue the operation of a 
        charter school.
          ``(2) The construction of new facilities, including 
        predevelopment costs, or the renovation, repair, or 
        alteration of existing facilities, necessary to 
        commence or continue the operation of a charter school.
  ``(f) Reserve Account.--
          ``(1) Use of funds.--To assist charter schools to 
        accomplish the objectives described in subsection (e), 
        an eligible entity receiving a grant under subsection 
        (a) shall, in accordance with State and local law, 
        directly or indirectly, alone or in collaboration with 
        others, deposit the funds received under subsection (a) 
        (other than funds used for administrative costs in 
        accordance with subsection (g)) in a reserve account 
        established and maintained by the eligible entity for 
        this purpose. Amounts deposited in such account shall 
        be used by the eligible entity for one or more of the 
        following purposes:
                  ``(A) Guaranteeing, insuring, and reinsuring 
                bonds, notes, evidences of debt, loans, and 
                interests therein, the proceeds of which are 
                used for an objective described in subsection 
                (e).
                  ``(B) Guaranteeing and insuring leases of 
                personal and real property for an objective 
                described in subsection (e).
                  ``(C) Facilitating financing by identifying 
                potential lending sources, encouraging private 
                lending, and other similar activities that 
                directly promote lending to, or for the benefit 
                of, charter schools.
                  ``(D) Facilitating the issuance of bonds by 
                charter schools, or by other public entities 
                for the benefit of charter schools, by 
                providing technical, administrative, and other 
                appropriate assistance (including the 
                recruitment of bond counsel, underwriters, and 
                potential investors and the consolidation of 
                multiple charter school projects within a 
                single bond issue).
          ``(2) Investment.--Funds received under this section 
        and deposited in the reserve account established under 
        paragraph (1) shall be invested in obligations issued 
        or guaranteed by the United States or a State, or in 
        other similarly low-risk securities.
          ``(3) Reinvestment of earnings.--Any earnings on 
        funds received under subsection (a) shall be deposited 
        in the reserve account established under paragraph (1) 
        and used in accordance with such subsection.
  ``(g) Limitation on Administrative Costs.--An eligible entity 
may use not more than 2.5 percent of the funds received under 
subsection (a) for the administrative costs of carrying out its 
responsibilities under this section (excluding subsection (k)).
  ``(h) Audits and Reports.--
          ``(1) Financial record maintenance and audit.--The 
        financial records of each eligible entity receiving a 
        grant under subsection (a) shall be maintained in 
        accordance with generally accepted accounting 
        principles and shall be subject to an annual audit by 
        an independent public accountant.
          ``(2) Reports.--
                  ``(A) Grantee annual reports.--Each eligible 
                entity receiving a grant under subsection (a) 
                annually shall submit to the Secretary a report 
                of its operations and activities under this 
                section.
                  ``(B) Contents.--Each annual report submitted 
                under subparagraph (A) shall include--
                          ``(i) a copy of the most recent 
                        financial statements, and any 
                        accompanying opinion on such 
                        statements, prepared by the independent 
                        public accountant reviewing the 
                        financial records of the eligible 
                        entity;
                          ``(ii) a copy of any report made on 
                        an audit of the financial records of 
                        the eligible entity that was conducted 
                        under paragraph (1) during the 
                        reporting period;
                          ``(iii) an evaluation by the eligible 
                        entity of the effectiveness of its use 
                        of the Federal funds provided under 
                        subsection (a) in leveraging private 
                        funds;
                          ``(iv) a listing and description of 
                        the charter schools served during the 
                        reporting period, including the amount 
                        of funds used by each school, the type 
                        of project facilitated by the grant, 
                        and the type of assistance provided to 
                        the charter schools;
                          ``(v) a description of the activities 
                        carried out by the eligible entity to 
                        assist charter schools in meeting the 
                        objectives set forth in subsection (e); 
                        and
                          ``(vi) a description of the 
                        characteristics of lenders and other 
                        financial institutions participating in 
                        the activities undertaken by the 
                        eligible entity under this section 
                        (excluding subsection (k)) during the 
                        reporting period.
                  ``(C) Secretarial report.--The Secretary 
                shall review the reports submitted under 
                subparagraph (A) and shall provide a 
                comprehensive annual report to Congress on the 
                activities conducted under this section 
                (excluding subsection (k)).
  ``(i) No Full Faith and Credit for Grantee Obligation.--No 
financial obligation of an eligible entity entered into 
pursuant to this section (such as an obligation under a 
guarantee, bond, note, evidence of debt, or loan) shall be an 
obligation of, or guaranteed in any respect by, the United 
States. The full faith and credit of the United States is not 
pledged to the payment of funds which may be required to be 
paid under any obligation made by an eligible entity pursuant 
to any provision of this section.
  ``(j) Recovery of Funds.--
          ``(1) In general.--The Secretary, in accordance with 
        chapter 37 of title 31, United States Code, shall 
        collect--
                  ``(A) all of the funds in a reserve account 
                established by an eligible entity under 
                subsection (f)(1) if the Secretary determines, 
                not earlier than 2 years after the date on 
                which the eligible entity first received funds 
                under this section (excluding subsection (k)), 
                that the eligible entity has failed to make 
                substantial progress in carrying out the 
                purposes described in subsection (f)(1); or
                  ``(B) all or a portion of the funds in a 
                reserve account established by an eligible 
                entity under subsection (f)(1) if the Secretary 
                determines that the eligible entity has 
                permanently ceased to use all or a portion of 
                the funds in such account to accomplish any 
                purpose described in subsection (f)(1).
          ``(2) Exercise of authority.--The Secretary shall not 
        exercise the authority provided in paragraph (1) to 
        collect from any eligible entity any funds that are 
        being properly used to achieve one or more of the 
        purposes described in subsection (f)(1).
          ``(3)  Procedures.--The provisions of sections 451, 
        452, and 458 of the General Education Provisions Act 
        shall apply to the recovery of funds under paragraph 
        (1).
          ``(4) Construction.--This subsection shall not be 
        construed to impair or affect the authority of the 
        Secretary to recover funds under part D of the General 
        Education Provisions Act.
  ``(k) Per-pupil Facilities Aid Program.--
          ``(1) Definition of per-pupil facilities aid 
        program.--In this subsection, the term `per-pupil 
        facilities aid program' means a program in which a 
        State makes payments, on a per-pupil basis, to charter 
        schools to provide the schools with financing--
                  ``(A) that is dedicated solely for funding 
                charter school facilities; or
                  ``(B) a portion of which is dedicated for 
                funding charter school facilities.
          ``(2) Grants.--
                  ``(A) In general.--From the amount reserved 
                under section 5202(b)(1) remaining after the 
                Secretary makes grants under subsection (a), 
                the Secretary shall make grants, on a 
                competitive basis, to States to pay for the 
                Federal share of the cost of establishing or 
                enhancing, and administering per-pupil 
                facilities aid programs.
                  ``(B) Period.--The Secretary shall award 
                grants under this subsection for periods of not 
                more than 5 years.
                  ``(C) Federal share.--The Federal share of 
                the cost described in subparagraph (A) for a 
                per-pupil facilities aid program shall be not 
                more than--
                          ``(i) 90 percent of the cost, for the 
                        first fiscal year for which the program 
                        receives assistance under this 
                        subsection;
                          ``(ii) 80 percent in the second such 
                        year;
                          ``(iii) 60 percent in the third such 
                        year;
                          ``(iv) 40 percent in the fourth such 
                        year; and
                          ``(v) 20 percent in the fifth such 
                        year.
                  ``(D) State share.--A State receiving a grant 
                under this subsection may partner with 1 or 
                more organizations to provide up to 50 percent 
                of the State share of the cost of establishing 
                or enhancing, and administering the per-pupil 
                facilities aid program.
                  ``(E) Multiple grants.--A State may receive 
                more than 1 grant under this subsection, so 
                long as the amount of such funds provided to 
                charter schools increases with each successive 
                grant.
          ``(3) Use of funds.--
                  ``(A) In general.--A State that receives a 
                grant under this subsection shall use the funds 
                made available through the grant to establish 
                or enhance, and administer, a per-pupil 
                facilities aid program for charter schools in 
                the State of the applicant.
                  ``(B) Evaluations; technical assistance; 
                dissemination.--From the amount made available 
                to a State through a grant under this 
                subsection for a fiscal year, the State may 
                reserve not more than 5 percent to carry out 
                evaluations, to provide technical assistance, 
                and to disseminate information.
                  ``(C) Supplement, not supplant.--Funds made 
                available under this subsection shall be used 
                to supplement, and not supplant, State, and 
                local public funds expended to provide per 
                pupil facilities aid programs, operations 
                financing programs, or other programs, for 
                charter schools.
          ``(4) Requirements.--
                  ``(A) Voluntary participation.--No State may 
                be required to participate in a program carried 
                out under this subsection.
                  ``(B) State law.--
                          ``(i) In general.--To be eligible to 
                        receive a grant under this subsection, 
                        a State shall establish or enhance, and 
                        administer, a per-pupil facilities aid 
                        program for charter schools in the 
                        State, that--
                                  ``(I) is specified in State 
                                law; and
                                  ``(II) provides annual 
                                financing, on a per-pupil 
                                basis, for charter school 
                                facilities.
                          ``(ii) Special rule.--A State that is 
                        required under State law to provide its 
                        charter schools with access to adequate 
                        facility space may be eligible to 
                        receive a grant under this subsection 
                        if the State agrees to use the funds to 
                        develop a per-pupil facilities aid 
                        program consistent with the 
                        requirements of this subsection.
          ``(5) Applications.--To be eligible to receive a 
        grant under this subsection, a State shall submit an 
        application to the Secretary at such time, in such 
        manner, and containing such information as the 
        Secretary may require.''.

SEC. 505. NATIONAL ACTIVITIES.

  Section 5205 (20 U.S.C. 7221d) is amended to read as follows:

``SEC. 5205. NATIONAL ACTIVITIES.

  ``(a) Technical Assistance, Best Practices, and Evaluation.--
From the amount reserved under section 5202(b)(2), the 
Secretary shall--
          ``(1) disseminate technical assistance to State 
        entities in awarding subgrants under section 5203, and 
        eligible entities and States receiving grants under 
        section 5204;
          ``(2) disseminate best practices; and
          ``(3) in partnership with the Institute for Education 
        Sciences, as appropriate--
                  ``(A) develop relevant program performance 
                metrics, including student outcome data, for 
                State entities, eligible entities, and schools 
                that receive funds under section 5203 and 
                eligible applicants and charter schools that 
                receive funds under section 5205(b);
                  ``(B) assist such State entities, eligible 
                applicants, and charter schools in collecting 
                and submitting data on such performance metrics 
                to the Secretary;
                  ``(C) evaluate the program performance of and 
                conduct related research to--
                          ``(i) determine which policies and 
                        practices implemented using funds 
                        received under section 5203 and 5205(b) 
                        have the greatest impact on student 
                        achievement
                          ``(ii) determine which charter school 
                        models funded under this title lead to 
                        measurably improved student outcomes on 
                        statewide assessments;
                          ``(iii) examine the transfer of best 
                        and promising practices between charter 
                        schools funded under this title and 
                        other public schools;
                          ``(iv) ensure the inclusion of all 
                        student subgroups as described in 
                        section 1111(c)(3) in charter schools 
                        funded under this title; and
                          ``(v) drive continuous improvement; 
                        and
                  ``(D) disseminate the findings of the 
                research, evaluation and data collection 
                described in this section.
  ``(b) Grants to Eligible Applicants.--
          ``(1) In general.--The Secretary shall make grants, 
        on a competitive basis, to eligible applicants for the 
        purpose of carrying out the activities described in 
        section 5202(a)(1), subparagraphs (A) through (C) of 
        section 5203(a)(1), and section 5203(g).
          ``(2) Terms and conditions.--Except as otherwise 
        provided in this subsection, grants awarded under this 
        subsection shall have the same terms and conditions as 
        grants awarded to State entities under section 5203.
          ``(3) Eligible applicant defined.--For purposes of 
        this subsection, the term `eligible applicant' means an 
        eligible applicant that desires to open a charter 
        school in--
                  ``(A) a State that did not apply for a grant 
                under section 5203;
                  ``(B) a State that did not receive a grant 
                under section 5203; or
                  ``(C) a State that received a grant under 
                section 5203 and is in the 4th or 5th year of 
                the grant period for such grant.
  ``(c) Contracts and Grants.--The Secretary may carry out any 
of the activities described in this section directly or through 
grants, contracts, or cooperative agreements.''.

SEC. 506. RECORDS TRANSFER.

  Section 5208 (20 U.S.C. 7221g) is amended--
          (1) by inserting ``as quickly as possible and'' 
        before ``to the extent practicable''; and
          (2) by striking ``section 602'' and inserting 
        ``section 602(14)''.

SEC. 507. DEFINITIONS.

  Section 5210 (20 U.S.C. 7221i) is amended--
          (1) in paragraph (1)--
                  (A) by striking ``and'' at the end of 
                subparagraph (K);
                  (B) by striking the period at the end of 
                subparagraph (L) and inserting ``; and''; and
                  (C) by adding at the end, the following:
                  ``(M) may serve prekindergarten or post 
                secondary students.'';
          (2) in paragraph (3)(B), by striking ``under section 
        5203(d)(3)''; and
          (3) by inserting at the end the following:
          ``(5) Expansion of a high-quality charter school.--
        The term `expansion of a high-quality charter school' 
        means significantly increasing the enrollment of or 
        adding more grades to a high-quality charter school.
          ``(6) High-quality charter school.--The term `high-
        quality charter school' means a charter school that--
                  ``(A) shows evidence of increasing academic 
                achievement for all students and student 
                subgroups as described in section 1111(c)(3), 
                including--
                          ``(i) the percentage of students in 
                        on-target and advanced levels of 
                        achievement on the State academic 
                        assessments required under section 
                        1111(b)(3) compared to demographically 
                        similar schools in the State;
                          ``(ii) an average student academic, 
                        longitudinal growth from one school 
                        year to the next school year, if 
                        available and as determined by the 
                        State, on the State academic 
                        assessments required under section 
                        1111(b)(3) that exceeds such growth in 
                        demographically similar schools in the 
                        State;
                          ``(iii) in the case of a charter 
                        school that is a secondary school--
                                  ``(I) a graduation rate that 
                                is above the graduation rate 
                                for demographically similar 
                                schools in the State; and
                                  ``(II) attendance, retention, 
                                and postsecondary enrollment 
                                rates that are above such rates 
                                for demographically similar 
                                schools in the State; and
                          ``(iv) closing achievement gaps among 
                        student subgroups as described in 
                        section 1111(c)(3) and all students 
                        served by the charter school; and
                  ``(B) has no significant issues in the areas 
                of student safety, school discipline, including 
                high rates of suspensions and expulsions, 
                financial management, or statutory or 
                regulatory compliance, including quality 
                charter school authorizing standards described 
                in section 1111(d)(1)(I).
          ``(7) High-quality charter school model.--The term 
        `high-quality charter school model' means a high-
        quality charter school that possesses the capability, 
        including sustainable financing, to open another school 
        campus under an existing charter agreement.''.

SEC. 508. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

  Section 5211 (20 U.S.C. 7221j) is amended to read as follows:

``SEC. 5211. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

  ``There are authorized to be appropriated to carry out this 
subpart $300,000,000 for fiscal year 2014 and each of the 5 
succeeding fiscal years.''.

SEC. 509. CONFORMING AMENDMENTS.

  (a) Repeal.--Subpart 2 of part B of title V (20 U.S.C. 7223 
et seq.) is repealed.
  (b) Table of Contents.--The table of contents in section 2 is 
amended--
          (1) by striking the item relating to section 5203 and 
        inserting the following:
``Sec. 5203. Grants to support high-quality charter schools.'';
          (2) by striking the item relating to section 5204 and 
        inserting the following:
``Sec. 5204. Facilities Financing Assistance.''; and
          (3) by striking subpart 2 of part B of title V.

           Subtitle B--Fund for the Improvement of Education

SEC. 511. FUND FOR THE IMPROVEMENT OF EDUCATION.

  (a) In General.--Part D of title V (20 U.S.C. 7241 et seq.) 
is amended to read as follows:

                   ``Part D--A Well-rounded Education


             ``Subpart 1--Grants to Support STEM Education


``SEC. 5401. PURPOSE.

  ``The purpose of this subpart is to improve student academic 
achievement in STEM subjects by--
          ``(1) improving instruction in such subjects from 
        preschool through grade 12;
          ``(2) improving student engagement in, and increasing 
        student access to, courses in such subjects;
          ``(3) improving the quality and effectiveness of 
        classroom instruction by recruiting, training, and 
        supporting effective teachers and providing robust 
        tools and supports for students and teachers in such 
        subjects;
          ``(4) implementing and integrating college and career 
        ready standards, described in section 1111(b)(2), in 
        STEM subjects and assessments aligned with those 
        standards;
          ``(5) closing student achievement gaps, and preparing 
        more students for postsecondary education and careers, 
        in such subjects; and
          ``(6) Recognizing that STEM subjects are diverse and 
        that STEM education programs must expose students to 
        content and skills in a host of constantly changing and 
        evolving content areas.

``SEC. 5402. GRANTS; ALLOTMENTS.

  ``(a) Reservations.--
          ``(1) In general.--From the amounts appropriated 
        under section 5410 for a fiscal year, the Secretary 
        shall reserve--
                  ``(A) $35,000,000 for a STEM Master Teachers 
                Corps program under section 5405;
                  ``(B) 3 percent to carry out activities 
                described in section 5405 and technical 
                assistance to States, including technical 
                assistance with implementation of programs 
                consistent with the purpose of this part; and
                  ``(C) if funds are not awarded by formula, as 
                described in subsection (c)(1), 5 percent for 
                State capacity-building grants in accordance 
                with paragraph (2).
          ``(2) Capacity-building grants.--
                  ``(A) In general.--In any year for which 
                funding is distributed competitively, as 
                described in subsection (b)(1), the Secretary 
                may award 1 capacity-building grant to each 
                eligible entity that does not receive a grant 
                under subsection (b), on a competitive basis, 
                to enable such States to become more 
                competitive in future years.
                  ``(B) Duration.--Grants awarded under 
                subparagraph (A) shall be for a period of 1 
                year.
  ``(b) Competitive Grants.--
          ``(1) In general.--For each fiscal year for which the 
        amount appropriated to carry out this Act is less than 
        $250,000,000, the Secretary shall award grants, on a 
        competitive basis, to eligible entities to enable such 
        eligible entities to carry out the activities described 
        in this Act.
          ``(2) Duration.--Grants awarded under this subsection 
        shall be for a period of not more than 3 years.
          ``(3) Renewal.--
                  ``(A) In general.--If an eligible entity 
                demonstrates progress, as measured by the 
                metrics reported in section 5406(a)(5), the 
                Secretary may renew a grant for an additional 
                2-year period.
                  ``(B) Reduced funding.--Grant funds awarded 
                under subparagraph (A) shall be awarded at a 
                reduced amount.
  ``(c) Formula Grants.--
          ``(1) In general.--For each fiscal year for which the 
        amount appropriated to carry out this Act is equal to 
        or more than $250,000,000, the Secretary shall award 
        grants to States, based on the formula described in 
        paragraph (2).
          ``(2) Distribution of funds.--The Secretary shall 
        allot to each State--
                  ``(A) an amount that bears the same 
                relationship to 35 percent of the excess amount 
                as the number of individuals ages 5 through 17 
                in the State, as determined by the Secretary on 
                the basis of the most recent satisfactory data, 
                bears to the number of those individuals in all 
                such States, as so determined; and
                  ``(B) an amount that bears the same 
                relationship to 65 percent of the excess amount 
                as the number of individuals ages 5 through 17 
                from families with incomes below the poverty 
                line, in the State, as determined by the 
                Secretary on the basis of the most recent 
                satisfactory data, bears to the number of those 
                individuals in all such States, as so 
                determined.
          ``(3) Funding minimum.--No State receiving an 
        allotment under this subsection may receive less than 
        one-half of 1 percent of the total amount allotted 
        under paragraph (1) for a fiscal year.
          ``(4) Reallotment of unused funds.--If a State does 
        not successfully apply for or receive an allotment 
        under this subsection for a fiscal year, the Secretary 
        shall reallot the amount of the State's allotment to 
        the remaining States in accordance with this 
        subsection.

``SEC. 5403. APPLICATIONS.

  ``(a) In General.--Each eligible entity desiring a grant 
under this Act, whether through a competitive grant under 
section 5402(b) or through an allotment under section 5402(c), 
shall submit an application to the Secretary at such time, in 
such manner, and accompanied by such information as the 
Secretary may require.
  ``(b) Contents.--At a minimum, an application submitted under 
subsection (a) shall include the following:
          ``(1) A description of how grant funds will be used 
        by the eligible entity.
          ``(2) A description of how the eligible entity has 
        involved a variety of stakeholders in the development 
        of the application and a description of how the State 
        or eligible entity will continue to involve 
        stakeholders in any education reform efforts related to 
        STEM subject instruction.
          ``(3) A description of the steps the eligible entity 
        will take to ensure that programs implemented by the 
        subgrantees use evidence-based strategies, ensure high-
        quality curricula, and provide high-quality 
        professional development.
          ``(4) An assurance that the eligible entity, in 
        making awards under section 5404(c), will give priority 
        to subgrantees that--
                  ``(A) propose to serve students in schools in 
                need of improvement and persistently low 
                achieving schools; or
                  ``(B) propose to serve schools with a high 
                percentage or number of students that are 
                eligible for free or reduced price lunch under 
                the Richard B. Russell National School Lunch 
                Act (42 U.S.C. 1751 et seq.).
          ``(5) A description of how the eligible entity's 
        activities and subgrants will be coordinated with other 
        Federal, State, and local programs and activities, 
        including career and technical education programs 
        authorized under the Carl D. Perkins Career and 
        Technical Education Act of 2006 (20 U.S.C. 2301 et 
        seq.).
          ``(6) A review of the industry and business workforce 
        needs in the State in jobs that require knowledge or 
        training in STEM subject areas and a description of how 
        that review will inform efforts to improve education in 
        STEM subjects.
          ``(7) A description of how the eligible entity will 
        allocate funds in a manner that will provide services 
        to both elementary schools and secondary schools.
          ``(8) A description of the technical assistance that 
        the eligible entity will provide to subgrantees to 
        support the activities undertaken by the subgrantees, 
        including--
                  ``(A) activities to employ multi-tiered 
                systems of support to provide early intervening 
                services and to increase student achievement in 
                STEM subjects;
                  ``(B) activities to ensure increased access 
                for students who are traditionally 
                underrepresented in STEM subject fields 
                (including female students, minority students, 
                students who are limited English proficient, 
                students who are children with disabilities, 
                and students from low-income families) to high-
                quality courses and other learning experiences;
                  ``(C) implementing evidence-based programs of 
                instruction based on college and career ready 
                standards and high-quality assessments in the 
                identified subjects; and
                  ``(D) developing curricula consistent with 
                the principles of universal design for learning 
                as defined in section 103 of the Higher 
                Education Act of 1965.
          ``(9) A description of the key data metrics that will 
        be used and reported annually under section 5406(a)(5), 
        that shall include--
                  ``(A) student academic achievement on 
                mathematics and science State academic 
                assessments and student growth; and
                  ``(B) for diploma granting schools, 
                graduation rates.
          ``(10) Assurances that the eligible entity will 
        monitor implementation of approved subgrantee plans.

``SEC. 5404. AUTHORIZED ACTIVITIES.

  ``(a) Required Activities.--Each eligible entity that 
receives a grant under this Act shall use not more than 5 
percent of the grant funds to carry out each of the following 
activities:
          ``(1) Providing technical assistance to subgrantees 
        as described in section 5403(b)(7) and technical 
        assistance to subgrantees that are prioritized in 
        section 5404(d), including subgrantees that serve low-
        capacity rural and urban areas by--
                  ``(A) informing those subgrantees that they 
                have a priority for competing for grants under 
                section 5404(b); and
                  ``(B) providing subgrantees who do not 
                receive a grant under section 5404(c) technical 
                assistance so that they may re-compete in 
                following competitions.
          ``(2) Identifying and supporting high-quality 
        professional development and other comprehensive 
        systems of support for teachers and school leaders to 
        promote high-quality instruction and instructional 
        leadership in the identified subjects, aligned to 
        college and career ready standards where applicable.
          ``(3) Disseminating information, including making 
        publicly available on the websites of the State 
        educational agency, on promising practices to improve 
        student achievement in STEM subject areas.
  ``(b) Permissible Activities.--Each eligible entity that 
receives a grant under this Act may use the grant funds to 
carry out 1 or more of the following activities:
          ``(1) Recruiting qualified teachers and instructional 
        leaders who are trained in identified subjects, 
        including teachers who have transitioned into the 
        teaching profession from a career in a STEM field.
          ``(2) Providing induction and mentoring services to 
        new teachers in identified subjects.
          ``(3) Developing instructional supports, such as 
        curricula and assessments, which shall be evidence-
        based and aligned with State academic standards and may 
        include online education.
          ``(4) Training personnel of subgrantees to use data 
        systems to continuously improve student achievement in 
        STEM subjects and use the data to better target 
        curriculum and instruction to meet the needs of each 
        student.
  ``(c) Subgrants.--
          ``(1) In general.--Each eligible entity that receives 
        a grant under this Act shall award subgrants, on a 
        competitive basis, to eligible subgrantees.
          ``(2) Minimum subgrant.--An eligible entity shall 
        award subgrants under this subsection that are of 
        sufficient size and scope to support high-quality, 
        evidence-based, effective programs that are consistent 
        with the purpose of this Act.
          ``(3) Subgrantee application.--Each subgrantee 
        desiring a subgrant under this subsection shall submit 
        an application to the eligible entity at such time, in 
        such manner, and accompanied by such information as the 
        eligible entity may require, including, at a minimum:
                  ``(A) A description of the needs identified 
                by the subgrantee, based on a needs assessment 
                which shall include--
                          ``(i) data for elementary school and 
                        secondary school grades, as applicable 
                        and to the extent that such data are 
                        available, on--
                                  ``(I) student achievement in 
                                science and mathematics, 
                                including such data collected 
                                in accordance with the State 
                                academic assessments;
                                  ``(II) science and 
                                mathematics teacher evaluation 
                                results or ratings;
                                  ``(III) student access to 
                                mathematics and science courses 
                                needed to enroll in credit-
                                bearing coursework at 
                                institutions of higher 
                                education in the State;
                                  ``(IV) access to science and 
                                mathematics courses for student 
                                prekindergarten through grade 
                                12 attending schools 
                                prioritized under section 
                                5404(d);
                                  ``(V) the percentage of 
                                students successfully--
                                          ``(aa) completing 
                                        Advanced Placement (AP) 
                                        or International 
                                        Baccalaureate (IB) 
                                        courses in science and 
                                        mathematics subjects; 
                                        or
                                          ``(bb) completing 
                                        rigorous postsecondary 
                                        education courses in 
                                        science and mathematics 
                                        subjects;
                                  ``(VI) rates of college 
                                remediation in mathematics; and
                                  ``(VII) teacher shortages and 
                                teacher distribution among the 
                                local educational agencies and 
                                schools served by the 
                                subgrantee in science and 
                                mathematics subjects; and
                          ``(ii) an analysis of the 
                        implementation of any multi-tiered 
                        systems of support that have been 
                        employed by the local educational 
                        agency served by the subgrantee to 
                        address the learning needs of students 
                        in any STEM subjects.
                  ``(B) A description of the activities that 
                the subgrantee will carry out based on the 
                findings of the needs assessment described in 
                subparagraph (A), and how such activities will 
                improve teaching and student academic 
                achievement in the identified subjects, in a 
                manner consistent with evidence-based research.
                  ``(C) A description of how the subgrantee 
                will use funds provided under this subsection 
                to serve students and teachers in schools 
                prioritized under section 5404(d).
                  ``(D) A description of how funds provided 
                under this subsection will be coordinated with 
                other Federal, State, and local programs and 
                activities, including career and technical 
                education programs authorized under the Carl D. 
                Perkins Career and Technical Education Act of 
                2006 (20 U.S.C. 2301 et seq.).
                  ``(E) If the subgrantee is working with 
                outside partners, a description of how such 
                outside partners will be involved in improving 
                instruction and increasing access to high-
                quality learning experiences in the identified 
                subjects.
          ``(4) Subgrantee use of funds.--
                  ``(A) Required use of funds.--Each subgrantee 
                that receives a subgrant under this subsection 
                shall use the subgrant funds to carry out 
                activities for students from preschool through 
                grade 12, consistent with the analysis and the 
                activities described in the subgrantee's 
                application, which shall include--
                          ``(i) high-quality teacher and 
                        instructional leader recruitment, 
                        support, evaluation, and professional 
                        development in the identified subjects;
                          ``(ii) professional development, 
                        which may include development and 
                        support for instructional coaches, to 
                        enable teachers and instructional 
                        leaders to increase student achievement 
                        in identified subjects, through--
                                  ``(I) implementation of 
                                classroom assessments; and
                                  ``(II) differentiation of 
                                instruction in identified 
                                subjects for all students, 
                                including for students with 
                                disabilities and students who 
                                are English learners;
                          ``(iii) activities to--
                                  ``(I) improve the content 
                                knowledge of teachers; and
                                  ``(II) facilitate 
                                professional collaboration, 
                                which may include providing 
                                time for such collaborations;
                          ``(iv) training to principals and 
                        teachers in implementing STEM subject 
                        initiatives, particularly in the areas 
                        of--
                                  ``(I) utilizing data;
                                  ``(II) assessing the quality 
                                of STEM subject instruction; 
                                and
                                  ``(III) providing time and 
                                support for teachers to plan 
                                STEM subject instruction;
                          ``(v) the development, adoption, and 
                        improvement of high-quality curricula, 
                        assessments, materials, and 
                        instructional supports that--
                                  ``(I) are aligned with State 
                                academic standards; and
                                  ``(II) the subgrantee will 
                                use to improve student academic 
                                achievement in identified 
                                subjects; and
                          ``(vi) the development or 
                        improvement, and implementation, of 
                        multi-tiered systems of support to 
                        provide early intervening services and 
                        to increase student achievement in 1 or 
                        more of the identified subjects.
                  ``(B) Permissible use of funds.--In addition 
                to the required activities described in 
                subparagraph (A), each subgrantee that receives 
                a subgrant under this subsection, may also use 
                the subgrant funds to--
                          ``(i) support the participation of 
                        low-income students in nonprofit 
                        competitions and out-of-school 
                        activities related to STEM (such as 
                        robotics, science research, invention, 
                        mathematics, and technology 
                        competitions), including--
                                  ``(I) the purchase of parts 
                                and supplies needed to 
                                participate in such 
                                competitions;
                                  ``(II) incentives and 
                                stipends for teachers and 
                                instructional leaders who are 
                                involved in assisting students 
                                and preparing students for such 
                                competitions, if such 
                                activities fall outside the 
                                regular duties and 
                                responsibilities of such 
                                teachers and instructional 
                                leaders; and
                                  ``(III) paying expenses 
                                associated with the 
                                participation of low-income 
                                students in such local, 
                                regional, or national 
                                competitions;
                          ``(ii) improve the laboratories of 
                        schools served by the subgrantee and 
                        provide instrumentation as part of a 
                        comprehensive program to enhance the 
                        quality of STEM instruction, 
                        including--
                                  ``(I) purchase, rental, or 
                                leasing of equipment, 
                                instrumentation, and other 
                                scientific educational 
                                materials;
                                  ``(II) maintenance, 
                                renovation, and improvement of 
                                laboratory facilities;
                                  ``(III) professional 
                                development and training for 
                                teachers;
                                  ``(IV) development of 
                                instructional programs designed 
                                to integrate the laboratory 
                                experience with classroom 
                                instruction and to be 
                                consistent with college and 
                                career ready content standards 
                                in STEM subjects;
                                  ``(V) training in laboratory 
                                safety for school personnel;
                                  ``(VI) design and 
                                implementation of hands-on 
                                laboratory experiences to 
                                encourage the interest of 
                                students, especially students 
                                who are traditionally 
                                underrepresented in STEM 
                                subject fields (including 
                                female students, minority 
                                students, students who are 
                                limited English proficient, 
                                students who are children with 
                                disabilities, and students from 
                                low-income families) in STEM 
                                subjects and help prepare such 
                                students to pursue 
                                postsecondary studies in these 
                                fields; and
                                  ``(VII) assessment of the 
                                activities funded under this 
                                subparagraph;
                          ``(iii) broaden secondary school 
                        students' access to, and interest in, 
                        careers that require academic 
                        preparation in 1 or more identified 
                        subjects;
                          ``(iv) integrate instruction in the 
                        identified subjects with instruction in 
                        reading, English language arts, or 
                        other core and noncore academic 
                        subjects;
                          ``(v) develop and implement a STEAM 
                        curriculum, which means the integration 
                        of instruction in the identified 
                        subjects with instruction in the arts 
                        and design; or
                          ``(vi) establish or access online or 
                        distance learning programs for STEM 
                        subject teachers using evidence-based 
                        curricula.
                  ``(C) Limitation.--Each subgrantee that 
                receives a subgrant under this subsection shall 
                not expend more than 15 percent of the subgrant 
                funds on the activities described in 
                subparagraph (B).
                  ``(D) Matching funds.--
                          ``(i) In general.--A State or 
                        eligible entity may require an eligible 
                        subgrantee receiving a subgrant under 
                        this subsection to demonstrate that 
                        such subgrantee has obtained a 
                        commitment from 1 or more outside 
                        partners to match, using non-Federal 
                        funds, a portion of the amount of 
                        subgrant funds, in an amount determined 
                        by the State or eligible entity.
                          ``(ii) Required minimum.--
                        Notwithstanding clause (i), if an 
                        eligible subgrantee partners with an 
                        outside partner that is a for-profit 
                        entity, such subgrantee shall obtain 
                        matching funds from the outside partner 
                        in an amount equal to not less than 15 
                        percent of the amount of the subgrant.
  ``(d) Priority.--In awarding grants under this part, an 
eligible entity shall give priority to subgrantees proposing to 
target services to--
          ``(1) students in schools in need of improvement and 
        persistently low-achieving schools; or
          ``(2) schools with a high percentage of students that 
        are eligible for free or reduced price lunch under the 
        Richard B. Russell National School Lunch Act (42 U.S.C. 
        1751 et seq.).

``SEC. 5405. NATIONAL COORDINATION.

  ``From the amount reserved under section 5402(a)(1)(B), the 
Secretary shall consult with the Director of the National 
Science Foundation and other Federal agencies conducting STEM 
education programs to enhance such programs and to improve 
coordination across agencies, such as--
          ``(1) clarifying the appropriate roles for the 
        Department of Education and the National Science 
        Foundation in the execution of summer workshops, 
        institutes, or partnerships to improve STEM education 
        in elementary and secondary schools; or
          ``(2) integrating afterschool, out-of-school, and 
        informal education efforts conducted across Federal 
        agencies into strategies for enhancing and improving 
        STEM education.

``SEC. 5406. STEM MASTER TEACHER CORPS PROGRAM.

  ``(a) Grants Authorized.--From the funds reserved under 
section 5402(a)(1)(A), the Secretary shall award 1 or more 
grants, on a competitive basis, to entities described in 
subsection (b)(1) to enable such entities to establish and 
operate a one-time STEM master teacher corps program.
  ``(b) Stem Master Teacher Corps.--The term `STEM master 
teacher corps' (referred to in this section as the `corps') 
means a one-time program--
          ``(1) that establishes the viability of creating a 
        long-term national-level master teacher corps as a 
        means to recognize and reward accomplished STEM 
        educators;
          ``(2) operated by 1 or more State educational 
        agencies, or a consortium of local educational 
        agencies, acting in partnership with 1 or more outside 
        partners that have a demonstrated record of success in 
        improving the effectiveness of STEM teachers or 
        increasing the retention of such teachers;
          ``(3) that selects a group of highly rated teachers 
        (through a process, and for a duration, determined by 
        the entity described in paragraph (1)), as members of 
        the corps, that constitutes not less than 5 percent and 
        not more than 10 percent of elementary school, middle 
        school, and high school teachers who teach STEM 
        subjects and who--
                  ``(A) teach in a participating high-need 
                school in the region served by the entity 
                described in paragraph (1); or
                  ``(B) agree to teach in a participating high-
                need school in the region served by the entity 
                described in paragraph (1) if accepted as a 
                member of the corps; and
          ``(4) that aims to attract, improve, and retain 
        teachers who teach STEM subjects and to increase 
        student achievement in such subjects, including by--
                  ``(A) providing instructional leadership 
                responsibilities for corps members in their 
                schools, local educational agencies, or States, 
                such as mentoring beginning STEM teachers and 
                leading professional development activities for 
                teachers not participating in the corps;
                  ``(B) providing corps members with research-
                based professional development on instructional 
                leadership and effective teaching methods for 
                STEM subjects, including coordinating with out-
                of-school-time and afterschool programs to 
                provide engaging STEM programs;
                  ``(C) providing each teacher who is a corps 
                member with a salary supplement of not less 
                than $10,000 per year, in recognition of such 
                teacher's teaching accomplishments, leadership, 
                and increased responsibilities, for each year 
                such teacher serves as a member of the corps; 
                and
                  ``(D) building a community of practice among 
                corps members to enable such members to 
                network, collaborate, and to share best 
                practices and resources with each other.
  ``(c) Duration.--Grants awarded under this section shall be 
for a period of not more than 3 years, after which the program 
under this subsection shall end.
  ``(d) Application.--Each entity described in subsection 
(b)(1) desiring a grant under this section shall submit an 
application to the Secretary at such time, in such manner, and 
accompanied by such information as the Secretary may require.
  ``(e) Matching Funds.--The Secretary may require a grantee 
under this section to provide non-Federal matching funds in an 
amount equal to the amount of grant funds awarded under this 
section.

``SEC. 5407. REPORTING REQUIREMENTS.

  ``(a) Eligible Entity Reports.--Each State educational agency 
receiving an award under section 5403 shall report annually to 
the Secretary regarding the State educational agency's progress 
in addressing the purposes of this Act. Such report shall 
include, at a minimum, a description of--
          ``(1) the professional development activities 
        provided under the award, including types of activities 
        and entities involved in providing professional 
        development to classroom teachers and other program 
        staff;
          ``(2) the types of programs and, for children from 
        preschool to kindergarten entry, program settings, 
        funded under the award;
          ``(3) the ages and demographic information that is 
        not individually identifiable of children served by the 
        programs funded under the award;
          ``(4) student performance on data metrics identified 
        under section 5403(b)(8) used for STEM initiatives; and
          ``(5) the outcomes of programs and activities 
        provided under the award.
  ``(b) Eligible Subgrantee Reports.--Each eligible entity 
receiving a subgrant under section 5404(c) shall report 
annually to the State educational agency regarding the eligible 
entity's progress in addressing the purposes of this Act. Such 
report shall include, at a minimum, a description of--
          ``(1) how the subgrant funds were used; and
          ``(2) student performance on relevant program 
        metrics, as identified in the State education agency's 
        implementation plan under section 5403(b)(8).

``SEC. 5408. SUPPLEMENT NOT SUPPLANT.

  ``Funds received under this Act shall be used to supplement, 
and not supplant, funds that would otherwise be used for 
activities authorized under this Act.

``SEC. 5409. MAINTENANCE OF EFFORT.

  ``A State that receives funds under this Act for a fiscal 
year shall maintain the fiscal effort provided by the State for 
the subjects supported by the funds under this Act at a level 
equal to or greater than the level of such fiscal effort for 
the preceding fiscal year.

``SEC. 5410. DEFINITIONS.

  ``In this Act:
          ``(1) Eligible entity.--The term `eligible entity' 
        means a State educational agency in partnership with--
                  ``(A) another State educational agency;
                  ``(B) a consortium of State educational 
                agencies; or
                  ``(C) the State agencies that oversee 
                childcare programs, state-funded 
                prekindergarten, and part C of Individuals with 
                Disabilities Education Act.
          ``(2) Eligible subgrantee.--The term `eligible 
        subgrantee' means--
                  ``(A) a local educational agency;
                  ``(B) 1 or more local educational agencies 
                providing early learning programs, or 1 or more 
                public or private early learning programs, 
                serving children from preschool through 
                kindergarten entry, such as a Head Start 
                agency, a child care program, or a State-funded 
                pre-kindergarten program, as appropriate;
                  ``(C) an educational service agency serving 
                more than 1 local educational agency;
                  ``(D) a consortium of local educational 
                agencies; or
                  ``(E) any of the entities described in 
                subparagraphs (A) through (D) working in 
                partnership with an outside partner.
          ``(3) Multi-tiered system of support.--For purposes 
        of this Act, the term `multi-tiered system of support' 
        means a comprehensive system of differentiated supports 
        that includes evidence-based instruction, universal 
        screening, progress monitoring, formative assessments, 
        research-based interventions matched to student needs 
        and educational decisionmaking using student outcome 
        data.
          ``(4) Outside partner.--The term `outside partner' 
        means an entity that has expertise and a demonstrated 
        record of success in improving student learning and 
        engagement in the STEM subjects, including any of the 
        following:
                  ``(A) A nonprofit or community-based 
                organization, such as an Indian tribe.
                  ``(B) A business.
                  ``(C) A nonprofit cultural organization, such 
                as a museum or learning center.
                  ``(D) An institution of higher education.
                  ``(E) An educational service agency.
                  ``(F) Another appropriate entity.
          ``(5) STEM subjects.--The term `STEM Subjects' means 
        the subjects of science, technology, engineering, and 
        mathematics, including other academic subjects that 
        build on or are integrated with these subjects, such as 
        statistics, computer science, and environmental 
        literacy, the arts and design, or other subjects a 
        State identifies as important to the workforce of the 
        State.

``SEC. 5411. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

  ``There are authorized to be appropriated to carry out this 
subpart $500,000,000 for fiscal year 2014 and such sums as may 
be necessary for subsequent fiscal years.

    ``Subpart 2--Grants to Support Comprehensive Literacy Education


``SEC. 5421. PURPOSES.

  ``The purposes of this part are--
          ``(1) to improve student literacy and academic 
        achievement, including the ability to problem solve, 
        communicate effectively, and acquire new knowledge and 
        skills;
          ``(2) to assist State educational agencies and local 
        educational agencies in the development, coordination, 
        and implementation of comprehensive literacy plans that 
        promote high-quality evidence based instruction in 
        alignment with State early learning and college- and 
        career-ready standards from preschool through grade 12;
          ``(3) to identify and support students reading and 
        writing significantly below grade level by providing 
        evidence-based, intensive interventions to help the 
        students acquire the language and literacy skills the 
        students need to stay on track for graduation;
          ``(4) to support State educational agencies and local 
        educational agencies in improving reading, writing, and 
        literacy-based academic achievement for children and 
        students, especially children and students who are low-
        income, are English learners, are migratory, are 
        children with disabilities, are Indian or Alaskan 
        Native, are neglected or delinquent, are homeless, are 
        in the custody of the child welfare system, or have 
        dropped out of school;
          ``(5) to provide assistance to local educational 
        agencies in order to provide educators with ongoing, 
        job-embedded professional development and other support 
        focusing on imparting and employing--
                  ``(A) the characteristics of effective 
                language and literacy instruction;
                  ``(B) the special knowledge and skills 
                necessary to teach and support literacy 
                development effectively across the 
                developmental span and age span;
                  ``(C) the essential components of reading 
                instruction; and
                  ``(D) the essential components of writing 
                instruction;
          ``(6) to evaluate whether the professional 
        development activities and approaches are effective in 
        building knowledge and skills of educators and their 
        use of appropriate and effective practices.
          ``(7) to support State educational agencies and local 
        educational agencies in using age appropriate and 
        developmentally appropriate instructional materials and 
        strategies that assist teachers as the teachers work 
        with students to develop reading and writing 
        competencies appropriate to the students' grade and 
        skill levels;
          ``(8) to support efforts to link and align college 
        and career-ready standards and evidence-based teaching 
        practices and instruction in early childhood education 
        programs serving children from preschool through 
        kindergarten entry;
          ``(9) strengthening coordination among schools, early 
        literacy programs, family literacy programs, juvenile 
        justice programs, public libraries, and outside-of-
        school programs that provide children and youth with 
        strategies, curricula, interventions, and assessments 
        designed to advance early and continuing language and 
        literacy development in ways appropriate for each 
        context; and
          ``(10) to engage the participation of parents in 
        supporting their child's communication and literacy 
        development.

``SEC. 5422. PROGRAM AUTHORIZED.

  ``(a) In General.--The Secretary is authorized--
          ``(1) to award State planning grants in accordance 
        with section 5423; and
          ``(2) to award State implementation grants in 
        accordance with section 5424 to enable the State 
        educational agency to--
                  ``(A) carry out the State activities 
                described in section 5425;
                  ``(B) award subgrants to eligible entities in 
                accordance with section 5426; and
                  ``(C) award subgrants to eligible entities in 
                accordance with section 5427.
  ``(b) Awards to State Educational Agencies.--
          ``(1) Amounts less than $250,000,000.--If the amount 
        appropriated under section 5430 for a fiscal year is 
        less than $250,000,000, then the Secretary shall--
                  ``(A) reserve not more than 5 percent to 
                award planning grants, on a competitive basis, 
                to State educational agencies, in accordance 
                with section 5423; and
                  ``(B) use the amount not reserved under 
                subparagraphs (A) to make awards, on a 
                competitive basis, to State educational 
                agencies serving States that have applications 
                approved under section 5424(b) to enable the 
                State educational agencies to carry out 
                sections 5424 and 5425.
          ``(2) Amounts equal to or exceeding $250,000,000.--
                  ``(A) In general.--If the amount appropriated 
                under section 5430 for a fiscal year equals or 
                exceeds $250,000,000, then the Secretary 
                shall--
                          ``(i) reserve a total of 1 percent of 
                        such amount for--
                                  ``(I) allotments for the 
                                United States Virgin Islands, 
                                Guam, American Samoa, and the 
                                Commonwealth of the Northern 
                                Mariana Islands, to be 
                                distributed among such outlying 
                                areas on the basis of their 
                                relative need, as determined by 
                                the Secretary in accordance 
                                with the purposes of this Act; 
                                and
                                  ``(II) the Secretary of the 
                                Interior for programs under 
                                sections 5423, 5424, 5425, 
                                5426, and 5427 in schools 
                                operated or funded by the 
                                Bureau of Indian Education;
                          ``(ii) reserve not more than 5 
                        percent to award planning grants, to 
                        State educational agencies serving 
                        States, in accordance with section 
                        5423;
                          ``(iii) reserve not more than 3 
                        percent for national activities, such 
                        as evaluations, training, and technical 
                        assistance, to the Department of 
                        Education to support comprehensive 
                        literacy reform at the State level; and
                          ``(iv) use the amount not reserved 
                        under clauses (i), and (ii) to make 
                        awards, from allotments under 
                        subparagraph (C), to State educational 
                        agencies serving States that have 
                        applications approved under section 
                        5424 and that are not receiving an 
                        allotment under clause (i)(I), to 
                        enable the State educational agencies 
                        to carry out sections 5424 and 5425.
                  ``(B) Special rules.--
                          ``(i) Proportional division.--In each 
                        fiscal year, the amount reserved under 
                        subparagraph (A)(i) shall be divided 
                        between the uses described in 
                        subclauses (I) and (II) of subparagraph 
                        (A)(i) in the same proportion as the 
                        amount reserved under section 1121(a) 
                        of the Elementary and Secondary 
                        Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 
                        6331(a)) is divided between the uses 
                        described in paragraphs (1) and (2) of 
                        such section 1121(a) for such fiscal 
                        year.
                          ``(ii) Consultation.--A State 
                        educational agency that receives an 
                        allotment under this paragraph shall 
                        engage in timely and meaningful 
                        consultation with representatives of 
                        Indian tribes located in the State in 
                        order to improve the coordination and 
                        quality of activities designed to 
                        develop effective approaches to achieve 
                        the purposes of this Act consistent 
                        with the cultural, language, and 
                        educational needs of Indian students.
                  ``(C) State allotment formula.--The Secretary 
                shall allot the amount made available under 
                subparagraph (A)(iv) for a fiscal year among 
                the States not receiving an allotment from the 
                reservation under subparagraph (A)(i)(I) in 
                proportion to the number of children, from 
                preschool through age 17, who reside within the 
                State and are from families with incomes below 
                the poverty line for the most recent fiscal 
                year for which satisfactory data are available, 
                compared to the number of such children who 
                reside in all such States for that fiscal year.
          ``(3) Minimum award amount.--Notwithstanding 
        paragraphs (1) and (2), no State educational agency 
        receiving an award under this section for a fiscal year 
        may receive less than one-fourth of 1 percent of the 
        total amount appropriated under section 5430 for the 
        fiscal year, except as provided under paragraph 
        (2)(A)(i).
  ``(c) Peer Review.--The Secretary shall convene a peer review 
panel to evaluate the application for each grant awarded to a 
State educational agency under sections 5423 and 5424 and shall 
make a copy of the peer review comments available to the 
public.
  ``(d) Supplement Not Supplant.--Award funds provided under 
this Act shall supplement, and not supplant, other Federal, 
State, or local funds that would, in the absence of such award 
funds, be made available for literacy instruction and support 
of children and students participating in programs assisted 
under this Act.
  ``(e) Maintenance of Effort.--Each State educational agency 
that receives an award under sections 5423 and 5424, and each 
eligible entity that receives a subgrant under section 5426 or 
5427, shall maintain for the fiscal year for which the grant or 
subgrant is received and for each subsequent fiscal year the 
expenditures of the State educational agency or eligible 
entity, respectively, for literacy instruction at a level not 
less than the level of such expenditures maintained by the 
State educational agency or eligible entity, respectively, for 
the fiscal year preceding such fiscal year for which the grant 
or subgrant is received.

``SEC. 5423. STATE PLANNING GRANTS.

  ``(a) Planning Grants Authorized.--
          ``(1) In general.--From any amounts made available 
        under paragraph (1)(A) or (2)(A)(ii) of section 
        5422(b), the Secretary may award planning grants to 
        State educational agencies to enable the State 
        educational agencies to develop or improve a 
        comprehensive planning to carry out activities that 
        improve literacy for children and students from 
        preschool through grade 12.
          ``(2) Grant period.--A planning grant awarded under 
        this section shall be for a period of not more than 1 
        year.
          ``(3) Nonrenewability.--The Secretary shall not award 
        a State educational agency more than 1 planning grant 
        under this section.
          ``(4) Limitation.--A State educational agency may not 
        receive a planning grant under this section at the same 
        time it is receiving an implementation grant under 
        section 5424.
  ``(b) Application.--
          ``(1) In general.--Each State educational agency 
        desiring a planning grant under this section shall 
        submit an application to the Secretary at such time, in 
        such manner, and accompanied by such information as the 
        Secretary may require.
          ``(2) Existing plan.--An existing federally funded 
        State literacy plan can be used to meet the 
        requirements of this subsection.
  ``(c) Required Activities.--A State educational agency 
receiving planning grant funds under this section shall carry 
out each of the following activities:
          ``(1) Reviewing reading, writing, or other literacy 
        resources and programs, such as school library 
        programs, high-quality distance learning programs, and 
        data across the State to identify any literacy needs 
        and gaps in the State.
          ``(2) Forming or designating a State literacy 
        leadership team which shall execute the following 
        functions:
                  ``(A) Creating a comprehensive State literacy 
                plan that--
                          ``(i) is designed to improve 
                        language, reading, writing, and 
                        academic achievement for children and 
                        students, especially those reading 
                        below grade level;
                          ``(ii) includes a needs assessment 
                        and an implementation plan, including 
                        an analysis of child and student 
                        literacy data to identify baseline and 
                        benchmark levels of literacy and early 
                        literacy skills in order to monitor 
                        progress and improvement, and a plan to 
                        improve literacy levels among all 
                        children and students;
                          ``(iii) ensures high quality 
                        strategies and instruction in early 
                        literacy development (which includes 
                        communication, reading, and writing) in 
                        early childhood education programs 
                        serving children from preschool through 
                        kindergarten entry and in kindergarten 
                        through grade 12 programs;
                          ``(iv) provides for activities 
                        designed to improve literacy 
                        achievement for students who--
                                  ``(I) read or write below 
                                grade level;
                                  ``(II) attend schools in need 
                                of improvement and persistently 
                                low-achieving schools; and
                                  ``(III) attend schools with a 
                                high percentage or number of 
                                students that are eligible for 
                                free or reduced price lunch 
                                under the Richard B. Russell 
                                National School Lunch Act (42 
                                U.S.C. 1751 et seq.); and
                          ``(v) is submitted to the Secretary.
                  ``(B) Providing recommendations to guide the 
                State educational agency in the State 
                educational agency's process of strengthening 
                State literacy standards and embedding State 
                literacy standards with the State's college and 
                career ready standards, academic achievement 
                standards, and early learning standards.
                  ``(C) Providing recommendations to guide the 
                State educational agency in the State 
                educational agency's process of measuring, 
                assessing, and monitoring progress in literacy 
                at the school, local educational agency, and 
                State levels.
                  ``(D) Identifying criteria for high quality 
                professional development providers, which 
                providers may include qualified teachers within 
                the State, for the State educational agency and 
                local educational agencies.
                  ``(E) Advising the State educational agency 
                on how to help ensure that local educational 
                agencies and schools provide timely and 
                appropriate data to teachers to inform and 
                improve instruction.
                  ``(F) Providing recommendations to guide the 
                State educational agency in the State 
                educational agency's planning process of 
                building educators' capacity to provide high-
                quality literacy instruction.
          ``(3) Reporting requirement.--Not later than 1 year 
        after a State educational agency receives a planning 
        grant under this section, the State educational agency 
        shall submit a report to the Secretary on the State 
        educational agency's performance of the activities 
        described in this subsection.

``SEC. 5424. STATE IMPLEMENTATION GRANTS.

  ``(a) Implementation Grants Authorized.--
          ``(1) In general.--From awards made available under 
        paragraph (1)(B) or (2)(A)(iv) of section 5422(b), the 
        Secretary shall, on a competitive basis or through 
        allotments, respectively, award implementation grants 
        to State educational agencies to enable the State 
        educational agencies--
                  ``(A) to implement a comprehensive literacy 
                plan that meets the criteria in section 
                5423(c)(2)(A) for programs serving children 
                from preschool through kindergarten entry 
                through grade 12 programs;
                  ``(B) to carry out State activities under 
                section 5425; and
                  ``(C) to award subgrants under sections 5426 
                and 5427.
          ``(2) Limitation.--The Secretary shall not award a 
        implementation grant under this section to a State for 
        any year for which the State has received a planning 
        grant under section 5423.
          ``(3) Duration of grants.--An implementation grant 
        under this section shall be awarded for a period of not 
        more than 5 years.
          ``(4) Renewals.--
                  ``(A) In general.--Implementation grants 
                under this section may be renewed.
                  ``(B) Conditions.--In order to be eligible to 
                have an implementation grant renewed under this 
                paragraph, the State educational agency shall 
                demonstrate to the satisfaction of the 
                Secretary that--
                          ``(i) the State educational agency 
                        has complied with the terms of the 
                        grant, including using the funds to--
                                  ``(I) increase access to 
                                high-quality professional 
                                development;
                                  ``(II) use developmentally 
                                appropriate curricula and 
                                teaching materials; and
                                  ``(III) use developmentally 
                                appropriate classroom-based 
                                instructional assessments and 
                                developmentally appropriate 
                                screening and diagnostic 
                                assessments; and
                          ``(ii) with respect to students in 
                        kindergarten through grade 12, during 
                        the period of the grant there has been 
                        significant progress in student 
                        achievement, as measured by the metrics 
                        described in section 5424(b)(2)(C).
  ``(b) State Applications.--
          ``(1) In general.--A State educational agency that 
        desires to receive an implementation grant under this 
        section shall submit an application to the Secretary at 
        such time, in such manner, and containing such 
        information as the Secretary may require. The State 
        educational agency shall collaborate with all State 
        agencies responsible for administering early childhood 
        education programs, and the State agency responsible 
        for administering child care programs, in the State in 
        writing and implementing the early learning portion of 
        the grant application under this subsection.
          ``(2) Contents.--An application described in 
        paragraph (1) shall include the following:
                  ``(A) A description of the members of the 
                State literacy leadership team and a 
                description of how the State educational agency 
                has developed a comprehensive State literacy 
                plan, as described in section 5423(c)(2)(A).
                  ``(B) An implementation plan that includes a 
                description of how the State educational agency 
                will--
                          ``(i) carry out the State activities 
                        described in section 5425;
                          ``(ii) assist eligible entities 
                        with--
                                  ``(I) providing strategic and 
                                intensive literacy instruction 
                                based on scientifically valid 
                                research for students who are 
                                reading and writing below grade 
                                level, including through the 
                                use of multi-tiered systems of 
                                support, including addressing 
                                the literacy needs of children 
                                and youth with disabilities or 
                                developmental delays and 
                                English learners in early 
                                childhood education programs 
                                serving children from preschool 
                                through kindergarten entry and 
                                programs serving students from 
                                preschool through grade 12;
                                  ``(II) providing training to 
                                parents, as appropriate, so 
                                that the parents can 
                                participate in the literacy 
                                related activities described in 
                                sections 5426 and 5427 to 
                                assist in the language and 
                                literacy development of their 
                                children;
                                  ``(III) selecting and using 
                                reading and writing 
                                assessments;
                                  ``(IV) providing classroom-
                                based instruction that is 
                                supported by one-to-one and 
                                small group work;
                                  ``(V) using curricular 
                                materials and instructional 
                                tools, which may include 
                                technology, to improve 
                                instruction and literacy 
                                achievement;
                                  ``(VI) providing for high-
                                quality professional 
                                development; and
                                  ``(VII) using the principles 
                                of universal design for 
                                learning, as described in 
                                section 5429(b)(21);
                          ``(iii) ensure that local educational 
                        agencies in the State have leveraged 
                        and are effectively leveraging the 
                        resources needed to implement effective 
                        literacy instruction, and have the 
                        capacity to implement literacy 
                        initiatives effectively;
                          ``(iv) continually coordinate and 
                        align the activities assisted under 
                        this section and sections 5426 and 5427 
                        with reading, writing, and other 
                        literacy resources and programs across 
                        the State and locally that serve 
                        children and students and their 
                        families and promote literacy 
                        instruction and learning, including 
                        strengthening partnerships among 
                        schools, libraries, local youth-serving 
                        agencies, and programs, in order to 
                        improve literacy for all children and 
                        youth; and
                          ``(v) ensure that funds provided 
                        under this section are awarded in a 
                        manner that will provide services to 
                        all grade levels, including 
                        proportionally to middle schools and 
                        high schools.
                  ``(C) A description of the key data metrics 
                that will be used and reported annually under 
                section 5428(b)(1)(E), that shall include--
                          ``(i) student academic achievement on 
                        the English language arts State 
                        academic assessments and student growth 
                        over time;
                          ``(ii) for diploma granting schools, 
                        graduation rates;
                  ``(D) An assurance that the State educational 
                agency will use implementation grant funds 
                under this section for literacy programs as 
                follows:
                          ``(i) Not less than 10 percent of 
                        such grant funds shall be used for 
                        State and local programs and activities 
                        pertaining to learners from preschool 
                        through kindergarten entry.
                          ``(ii) Not less than 40 percent of 
                        such implementation grant funds shall 
                        be used for State and local programs 
                        and activities allocated equitably 
                        among the grades of kindergarten 
                        through grade 5.
                          ``(iii) Not less than 40 percent of 
                        such implementation grant funds shall 
                        be used for State and local programs 
                        and activities, allocated equitably 
                        among grades 6 through 12.
                          ``(iv) Not more than 10 percent of 
                        such implementation grant funds shall 
                        be used for the State activities 
                        described in section 5425.
                  ``(E) An assurance that the State educational 
                agency shall give priority to awarding a 
                subgrant to an eligible entity--
                          ``(i) under section 5426 based on the 
                        number or percentage of children 
                        younger than the age of kindergarten 
                        entry and the number of students from 
                        kindergarten through 17 who are--
                                  ``(I) served by the eligible 
                                entity; and
                                  ``(II) from families with 
                                income below the poverty line, 
                                based on the most recent 
                                satisfactory data provided to 
                                the Secretary by the Bureau of 
                                the Census for determining 
                                eligibility under section 
                                1124(c)(1)(A) of the Elementary 
                                and Secondary Education Act of 
                                1965 (20 U.S.C. 6333(c)(1)(A)); 
                                and
                          ``(ii) under section 5427, that 
                        proposes to serve--
                                  ``(I) a high number or 
                                percentage of students served 
                                by the eligible entity that are 
                                reading and writing below grade 
                                level according to State 
                                assessments;
                                  ``(II) students that attend 
                                schools in need of improvement 
                                and persistently low-achieving 
                                schools; and
                                  ``(III) students that attend 
                                schools with a high percentage 
                                or number of students that are 
                                eligible for free or reduced 
                                price lunch under the Richard 
                                B. Russell National School 
                                Lunch Act (42 U.S.C. 1751 et 
                                seq.).
  ``(c) Approval of Applications.--
          ``(1) In general.--The Secretary, in consultation 
        with the peer review panel established under paragraph 
        (2), shall evaluate State educational agency 
        applications under subsection (b) based on the 
        responsiveness of the applications to the application 
        requirements under such subsection.
          ``(2) Peer review.--The Secretary shall convene a 
        peer review panel in accordance with section 5422(c) to 
        evaluate applications for each implementation grant 
        awarded to a State educational agency under this 
        section.
          ``(3) Early learning.--In order for a State 
        educational agency's application under this section to 
        be approved by the Secretary, the application shall 
        contain an assurance that the State agencies 
        responsible for administering early childhood education 
        programs and services, including the State agency 
        responsible for administering child care programs and 
        the State Advisory Council on Early Childhood Education 
        and Care established under section 642B(b) of the Head 
        Start Act (42 U.S.C. 9837b(b)), approves of, and will 
        be extensively consulted in the implementation of 
        related activities and services consistent with section 
        5426 with respect to, the early learning portion of the 
        application.

``SEC. 5425. STATE ACTIVITIES.

  ``(a) Required Activities.--A State educational agency shall 
use funds made available under section 5422(a)(2)(A) and 
described in section 5424(b)(2)(D)(iv) to carry out the 
activities proposed in a State's plan consistent with section 
5424(b)(2), including the following activities:
          ``(1) Carrying out the assurances and activities 
        provided in the State application under section 
        5424(b)(2).
          ``(2) In consultation with the State literacy 
        leadership team, providing technical assistance or 
        engaging qualified providers to provide technical 
        assistance to eligible entities to enable the eligible 
        entities to design and implement a literacy program 
        under sections 5426 and 5427.
          ``(3) Providing technical assistance to eligible 
        entities that are prioritized in section 5424(b)(2)(E), 
        including eligible entities that serve low-capacity 
        rural and urban areas by--
                  ``(A) informing those eligible entities that 
                they have a priority for competing for grants 
                under section 5426 and 5427; and
                  ``(B) providing eligible entities who do not 
                receive a grant under section 5426 and 5427 
                technical assistance so that they may re-
                compete in following competitions.
          ``(4) Continuing to consult with the State literacy 
        leadership team and continuing to coordinate with 
        institutions of higher education in the State--
                  ``(A) in order to provide recommendations to 
                strengthen and enhance preservice courses for 
                students preparing, at institutions of higher 
                education in the State, to teach children from 
                preschool through grade 12 in explicit, 
                systematic, and intensive instruction in 
                evidence-based literacy methods; and
                  ``(B) by following up reviews completed by 
                the State literacy leadership team with 
                recommendations to ensure that such 
                institutions offer courses that meet the 
                highest standards.
          ``(5) Reviewing and updating, in collaboration with 
        teachers, statewide educational and professional 
        organizations representing teachers, and statewide 
        educational and professional organizations representing 
        institutions of higher education, State licensure and 
        certification standards in the area of literacy 
        instruction in early childhood education through grade 
        12.
          ``(6) Making publicly available, including on the 
        State educational agency's website, information on 
        promising instructional practices to improve student 
        literacy achievement.
  ``(b) Permissive Activities.--After carrying out activities 
described in subsection (a), a State educational agency may use 
remaining funds made available under section 5422(a)(2)(A) and 
described in section 5424(b)(2)(D)(iv) to carry out 1 or more 
of the following activities:
          ``(1) Training the personnel of eligible entities to 
        use data systems that track student literacy 
        achievement.
          ``(2) Developing literacy coach training programs and 
        training literacy coaches.
          ``(3) Building public support among local educational 
        agency personnel, early childhood education programs, 
        and the community for comprehensive literacy 
        instruction for children and students from preschool 
        through grade 12.

``SEC. 5426. SUBGRANTS TO ELIGIBLE ENTITIES IN SUPPORT OF PRESCHOOL 
                    THROUGH KINDERGARTEN ENTRY LITERACY.

  ``(a) Subgrants.--
          ``(1) In general.--A State educational agency, in 
        consultation with the State agencies responsible for 
        administering early childhood education programs and 
        services, including the State agency responsible for 
        administering child care programs and the State 
        Advisory Council on Early Childhood Education and Care 
        established under section 642B(b) of the Head Start Act 
        (42 U.S.C. 9837b(b)), shall use implementation grant 
        funds provided under section 5422(a)(2)(B) to award 
        subgrants, on a competitive basis, to eligible entities 
        to enable the eligible entities to support high-quality 
        early literacy initiatives for children from preschool 
        through kindergarten entry.
          ``(2) Duration.--The term of subgrant under this 
        section shall be for 5 years.
  ``(b) Sufficient Size and Scope.--Each subgrant awarded under 
this section shall be of sufficient size and scope to allow the 
eligible entity to carry out high-quality early literacy 
initiatives for children from preschool through kindergarten 
entry.
  ``(c) Local Applications.--An eligible entity desiring to 
receive a subgrant under this section shall submit an 
application to the State educational agency, at such time, in 
such manner, and containing such information as the State 
educational agency may require. Such application shall include 
a description of--
          ``(1) how the subgrant funds will be used to enhance 
        the language and literacy aspects of school readiness 
        of children, from preschool through kindergarten entry, 
        in early childhood education programs, including an 
        analysis of the data used to identify how funds will be 
        used to improve language and literacy;
          ``(2) the programs assisted under the subgrant, 
        including demographic and socioeconomic information on 
        the children enrolled in the programs;
          ``(3) a budget for the eligible entity that projects 
        the cost of developing and implementing literacy 
        initiatives to carry out the activities described in 
        subsection (e);
          ``(4) how, if the eligible entity is requesting a 
        planning period, the eligible entity will use that 
        planning period to prepare for successful 
        implementation of a plan to support the development of 
        learning and literacy consistent with the purposes of 
        this Act;
          ``(5) the literacy initiatives, if any, in place and 
        how these initiatives will be coordinated and 
        integrated with activities supported under this 
        section;
          ``(6) how the subgrant funds will be used to prepare 
        and provide ongoing assistance to staff in the 
        programs, through high-quality professional 
        development;
          ``(7) how the subgrant funds will be used to provide 
        services, incorporate activities, and select and use 
        literacy instructional materials that meet the diverse 
        developmental and linguistic needs of children, 
        including English learners and children with 
        disabilities and developmental delays, and that are 
        based on scientifically valid research on child 
        development and learning for children from preschool 
        through kindergarten entry;
          ``(8) how the subgrant funds will be used to provide 
        screening assessments, diagnostic assessments, 
        classroom-based instructional assessments, and 
        assessments of developmental progress;
          ``(9) how families and caregivers will be involved, 
        as appropriate, in supporting their children's literacy 
        development, instruction, and assessment;
          ``(10) how the subgrant funds will be used to help 
        children, particularly children experiencing difficulty 
        with oral and written language, to make the transition 
        from early childhood education to formal classroom 
        instruction;
          ``(11) how the activities assisted under the subgrant 
        will be coordinated with literacy instruction at the 
        kindergarten through grade 5 level;
          ``(12) how the subgrant funds will be used--
                  ``(A) to evaluate the success of the 
                activities assisted under the subgrant in 
                enhancing the early language and literacy 
                development of children from preschool through 
                kindergarten entry; and
                  ``(B) to evaluate data for program 
                improvement; and
          ``(13) such other information as the State 
        educational agency may require.
  ``(d) Approval of Local Applications.--The State educational 
agency, in consultation with the State agencies responsible for 
administering early childhood education programs, including the 
State agency responsible for administering child care programs 
and the State Advisory Council on Early Childhood Education and 
Care established under section 642B(b) of the Head Start Act 
(42 U.S.C. 9837b(b)), shall--
          ``(1) select applications for funding under this 
        section based on the quality of the applications 
        submitted, including the relationship between literacy 
        activities proposed and the research base or data 
        supporting such activities, as appropriate, and the 
        recommendations of--
                  ``(A) the State literacy leadership team; and
                  ``(B) other experts in the area of early 
                literacy; and
          ``(2) place priority for funding programs based on 
        the criteria in section 5424(b)(2)(E)(i).
  ``(e) Local Uses of Funds.--
          ``(1) In general.--An eligible entity that receives a 
        subgrant under this section shall use the subgrant 
        funds consistent with the application proposed in 
        subsection (c) to carry out the following activities:
                  ``(A) Enhancing and improving early childhood 
                education programs to ensure that children in 
                such programs are provided with high-quality 
                oral language and literature- and print-rich 
                environments in which to develop early literacy 
                skills.
                  ``(B) Providing high-quality professional 
                development.
                  ``(C) Acquiring, providing training for, and 
                implementing screening assessments, diagnostic 
                assessments, and classroom-based instructional 
                assessments.
                  ``(D) Selecting, developing, and implementing 
                a multi-tiered system of support.
                  ``(E) Integrating evidence-based 
                instructional materials, activities, tools, and 
                measures into the programs offered by the 
                eligible entity to improve development of early 
                learning language and literacy skills.
                  ``(F) Training providers and personnel to 
                support, develop, and administer high-quality 
                early learning literacy initiatives that--
                          ``(i) utilize data--
                                  ``(I) to inform instructional 
                                design; and
                                  ``(II) to assess literacy 
                                needs; and
                          ``(ii) provide time and support for 
                        personnel to meet to plan literacy 
                        instruction.
                  ``(G) Providing for family literacy services, 
                as appropriate, and partnering with families to 
                support their child's learning.
                  ``(H) Annually collecting, summarizing, and 
                reporting to the State educational agency 
                data--
                          ``(i) to document and monitor, for 
                        the purpose of improving or increasing 
                        early literacy and language skills 
                        development pursuant to activities 
                        carried out under this section;
                          ``(ii) to stimulate and accelerate 
                        improvement by identifying the programs 
                        served by the eligible entity that 
                        produce significant gains in skills 
                        development; and
                          ``(iii) for all subgroups of students 
                        and categories of students that--
                                  ``(I) utilizes a variety of 
                                data; and
                                  ``(II) is consistent across 
                                the State.
          ``(2) Limitation.--An eligible entity that receives a 
        subgrant under this section shall not use more than 10 
        percent of the subgrant funds to purchase curricula and 
        assessment materials.
  ``(f) Prohibition.--The use of assessment items and data on 
any assessment authorized under this section to provide rewards 
or sanctions for individual children, early childhood 
educators, teachers, program directors, or principals is 
prohibited.

``SEC. 5427. CONSEQUENCES OF INSUFFICIENT PROGRESS, REPORTING 
                    REQUIREMENTS, AND CONFLICTS OF INTEREST.

  ``(a) Consequences of Insufficient Progress.--
          ``(1) Consequences for grant recipients.--If the 
        Secretary determines that a State educational agency 
        receiving an award under section 5422(b) or an eligible 
        entity receiving a subgrant under section 5426 or 5427 
        is not making significant progress in meeting the 
        purposes of this Act and the key metrics identified by 
        the State educational agency under section 
        5424(b)(2)(C) after the submission of a report 
        described in subsection (b), then the Secretary may 
        withhold, in whole or in part, further payments under 
        this Act in accordance with section 455 of the General 
        Education Provisions Act (20 U.S.C. 1234d) or take such 
        other action authorized by law as the Secretary 
        determines necessary, including providing technical 
        assistance upon request of the State educational agency 
        or eligible entity, respectively.
          ``(2) Consequences for subgrant recipients.--
                  ``(A) In general.--A State educational agency 
                receiving an award under section 5422(b) may 
                refuse to award subgrant funds to an eligible 
                entity under section 5426 or 5427 if the State 
                educational agency finds that the eligible 
                entity is not making significant progress in 
                meeting the purposes of this Act, after--
                          ``(i) affording the eligible entity 
                        notice, a period for correction, and an 
                        opportunity for a hearing; and
                          ``(ii) providing technical assistance 
                        to the eligible entity.
                  ``(B) Funds available.--Subgrant funds not 
                awarded under subparagraph (A) shall be 
                redirected to an eligible entity serving 
                similar children and students in the same area 
                or region as the eligible entity not awarded 
                the subgrant funds, to the greatest extent 
                practicable.
  ``(b) Reporting Requirements.--
          ``(1) State educational agency reports.--Each State 
        educational agency receiving an award under section 
        5422(b) shall report annually to the Secretary 
        regarding the State educational agency's progress in 
        addressing the purposes of this Act. Such report shall 
        include, at a minimum, a description of--
                  ``(A) the professional development activities 
                provided under the award, including types of 
                activities and entities involved in providing 
                professional development to classroom teachers 
                and other program staff, such as school 
                librarians;
                  ``(B) the instruction, strategies, 
                activities, curricula, materials, and 
                assessments used in the programs funded under 
                the award;
                  ``(C)(i) the types of programs and, for 
                children from preschool to kindergarten entry, 
                program settings, funded under the award; and
                  ``(ii) the ages and demographic information 
                that is not individually identifiable of 
                children served by the programs funded under 
                the award;
                  ``(D) the experience and qualifications of 
                the program staff who provide literacy 
                instruction under the programs funded under the 
                award, including the experience and 
                qualifications of those staff working with 
                children with disabilities or developmental 
                delays and with English learners and children 
                from preschool to kindergarten entry;
                  ``(E) key data metrics identified under 
                section 5424(b)(2)(C) used for literacy 
                initiatives;
                  ``(F) student performance on relevant program 
                metrics, as identified in the State education 
                agency's implementation plan under section 
                5424(b)(2)(C); and
                  ``(G) the outcomes of programs and activities 
                provided under the award.
          ``(2) Eligible entity reports.--Each eligible entity 
        receiving a subgrant under section 5426 or 5427 shall 
        report annually to the State educational agency 
        regarding the eligible entity's progress in addressing 
        the purposes of this Act. Such report shall include, at 
        a minimum, a description of--
                  ``(A) how the subgrant funds were used; and
                  ``(B) student performance on relevant program 
                metrics, as identified in the State education 
                agency's implementation plan under section 
                5424(b)(2)(C).
  ``(c) Conflicts of Interest.--The Secretary shall ensure that 
each member of the peer review panel described in section 
5422(c) and each member of a State literacy leadership team 
participating in a program or activity assisted under this Act 
does not stand to benefit financially from a grant or subgrant 
awarded under this Act.

``SEC. 5428. DEFINITIONS.

  ``(a) In General.--Unless otherwise specified, the terms used 
in this Act have the meanings given the terms in section 9101 
of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 (20 
U.S.C. 7801).
  ``(b) Other Terms.--In this Act:
          ``(1) Characteristics of effective literacy 
        strategies and instruction.--The term `characteristics 
        of effective literacy strategies and instruction' 
        means--
                  ``(A) for children from preschool through 
                kindergarten entry--
                          ``(i) providing high quality 
                        professional development opportunities 
                        for early childhood educators, 
                        teachers, and school leaders in--
                                  ``(I) literacy development;
                                  ``(II) language development;
                                  ``(III) English language 
                                acquisition (as appropriate); 
                                and
                                  ``(IV) effective language and 
                                literacy instruction and 
                                teaching strategies aligned to 
                                State standards;
                          ``(ii) reading aloud to children, 
                        engaging children in shared reading 
                        experiences, discussing reading with 
                        children, and modeling age and 
                        developmentally appropriate reading 
                        strategies;
                          ``(iii) encouraging children's early 
                        attempts at communication, reading, 
                        writing, and drawing, and talking about 
                        the meaning of the reading, writing, 
                        and drawing with others;
                          ``(iv) creating conversation rich 
                        classrooms and using oral modeling 
                        techniques to build oral language 
                        skills;
                          ``(v) multiplying opportunities for 
                        children to use language with peers and 
                        adults;
                          ``(vi) providing strategic and 
                        explicit instruction in the 
                        identification of speech sounds, 
                        letters, and letter-sound 
                        correspondence;
                          ``(vii) integrating oral and written 
                        language;
                          ``(viii) stimulating vocabulary 
                        development;
                          ``(ix) using differentiated 
                        instructional approaches or teaching 
                        strategies, including--
                                  ``(I) individual and small 
                                group instruction or 
                                interactions; and
                                  ``(II) professional 
                                development, curriculum 
                                development, and classroom 
                                instruction;
                          ``(x) applying the principles of 
                        universal design for learning, as 
                        described in section 5429(b)(21);
                          ``(xi) using age-appropriate 
                        screening assessments, diagnostic 
                        assessments, formative assessments, and 
                        summative assessments to identify 
                        individual learning needs, to inform 
                        instruction, and to monitor--
                                  ``(I) student progress and 
                                the effects of instruction over 
                                time; and
                                  ``(II) for children between 
                                the ages of preschool and 
                                kindergarten entry, progress 
                                and development within 
                                established norms;
                          ``(xii) coordinating the involvement 
                        of families, early childhood education 
                        program staff, principals, other school 
                        leaders, and teachers in the reading 
                        and writing achievement of children 
                        served under this Act;
                          ``(xiii) using a variety of age and 
                        developmentally appropriate, high 
                        quality materials for language 
                        development, reading, and writing;
                          ``(xiv) encouraging family literacy 
                        experiences and practices, and 
                        educating teachers, public librarians, 
                        and parents and other caregivers about 
                        literacy development and child literacy 
                        development; and
                          ``(xv) using strategies to enhance 
                        children's--
                                  ``(I) motivation to 
                                communicate, read, and write; 
                                and
                                  ``(II) engagement in self-
                                directed learning;
                  ``(B) for students in kindergarten through 
                grade 3--
                          ``(i) providing high quality 
                        professional development opportunities, 
                        for teachers, literacy coaches, 
                        literacy specialists, English as a 
                        second language specialists (as 
                        appropriate), school librarians, and 
                        principals, on literacy development, 
                        language development, English language 
                        acquisition, and effective literacy 
                        instruction that--
                                  ``(I) aligns to State 
                                standards as well as local 
                                curricula and instructional 
                                assessments; and
                                  ``(II) addresses literacy 
                                development opportunities 
                                across the curricula;
                          ``(ii) providing age appropriate 
                        direct and explicit instruction;
                          ``(iii) providing strategic, 
                        systematic, and explicit instruction in 
                        phonological awareness, phonic 
                        decoding, vocabulary, reading fluency, 
                        and reading comprehension;
                          ``(iv) making available and using 
                        diverse texts at the reading, 
                        development, and interest level of 
                        students;
                          ``(v) providing multiple 
                        opportunities for students to write 
                        individually and collaboratively with 
                        instruction and feedback;
                          ``(vi) using differentiated 
                        instructional approaches, including 
                        individual, small group, and classroom-
                        based instruction and discussion;
                          ``(vii) using oral modeling 
                        techniques and opportunities for 
                        students to use language with the 
                        students' peers and adults to build 
                        student language skills;
                          ``(viii) providing time and 
                        opportunities for systematic and 
                        intensive instruction, intervention, 
                        and practice to supplement regular 
                        instruction, which can be provided 
                        inside and outside the classroom as 
                        well as during and outside regular 
                        school hours;
                          ``(ix) providing instruction in uses 
                        of print materials and technological 
                        resources for research and for 
                        generating and presenting content and 
                        ideas;
                          ``(x) using screening assessments, 
                        diagnostic assessments, formative 
                        assessments, and summative assessments 
                        to identify student learning needs, to 
                        inform instruction, and to monitor 
                        student progress and the effects of 
                        instruction over time;
                          ``(xi) coordinating the involvement 
                        of families, caregivers, teachers, 
                        principals, other school leaders, and 
                        teacher literacy teams in the reading 
                        and writing achievement of children 
                        served under this Act;
                          ``(xii) encouraging family literacy 
                        experiences and practices; and
                          ``(xiii) using strategies to enhance 
                        students'--
                                  ``(I) motivation to read and 
                                write; and
                                  ``(II) engagement in self-
                                directed learning; and
                  ``(C) for students in grades 4 through 12--
                          ``(i) providing high quality 
                        professional development opportunities 
                        for teachers, literacy coaches, 
                        literacy specialists, English as a 
                        second language specialists (as 
                        appropriate), school librarians, and 
                        principals, including professional 
                        development on literacy development, 
                        language development, and effective 
                        literacy instruction embedded in 
                        schools and aligned to State standards;
                          ``(ii) providing direct and explicit 
                        comprehension instruction;
                          ``(iii) providing direct and explicit 
                        instruction that builds academic 
                        vocabulary and strategies and knowledge 
                        of text structure for reading different 
                        kinds of texts within and across core 
                        academic subjects;
                          ``(iv) making available and using 
                        diverse texts at the reading, 
                        development, and interest level of the 
                        students;
                          ``(v) providing multiple 
                        opportunities for students to write 
                        with clear purposes and critical 
                        reasoning appropriate to the topic and 
                        purpose and with specific instruction 
                        and feedback from teachers and peers;
                          ``(vi) using differentiated 
                        instructional approaches;
                          ``(vii) using strategies to enhance 
                        students'--
                                  ``(I) motivation to read and 
                                write; and
                                  ``(II) engagement in self-
                                directed learning;
                          ``(viii) providing for text-based 
                        learning across content areas;
                          ``(ix) providing systematic, 
                        strategic, and individual and small 
                        group instruction, including intensive 
                        supplemental intervention for students 
                        reading significantly below grade 
                        level, which may be provided inside and 
                        outside the classroom as well as during 
                        and outside regular school hours;
                          ``(x) providing instruction in the 
                        uses of technology and multimedia 
                        resources for classroom research and 
                        for generating and presenting content 
                        and ideas;
                          ``(xi) using screening assessments, 
                        diagnostic assessments, formative 
                        assessments, and summative assessments 
                        to identify learning needs, inform 
                        instruction, and monitor student 
                        progress and the effects of 
                        instruction;
                          ``(xii) coordinating the involvement 
                        of families and caregivers, to the 
                        extent feasible and appropriate as 
                        determined by the Secretary, to improve 
                        reading, writing, and academic 
                        achievement; and
                          ``(xiii) coordinating the involvement 
                        of school librarians, teachers, 
                        principals, other school leaders, 
                        teacher literacy teams, and English as 
                        a second language specialists (as 
                        appropriate), that analyze student work 
                        and plan or deliver instruction over 
                        time.
          ``(2) Classroom-based instructional assessment.--The 
        term `classroom-based instructional assessment' means 
        an assessment, for children between preschool through 
        grade 3, that--
                  ``(A) is valid and reliable for the age and 
                population of children being assessed;
                  ``(B) is used to evaluate children's 
                developmental progress and learning, including 
                systematic observations by teachers of children 
                performing tasks, including academic and 
                literacy tasks, that are part of their daily 
                classroom experience; and
                  ``(C) is used to improve classroom 
                instruction.
          ``(3) Comprehensive literacy instruction.--The term 
        `comprehensive literacy instruction' means instruction 
        that--
                  ``(A) involves the characteristics of 
                effective literacy instruction; and
                  ``(B) is designed to support the essential 
                components of reading instruction and the 
                essential components of writing instruction.
          ``(4) Developmental delay.--The term `developmental 
        delay' has the meaning given the term in section 632 of 
        the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (20 
        U.S.C. 1432).
          ``(5) Diagnostic assessment.--The term `diagnostic 
        assessment' means an assessment that--
                  ``(A) is valid, reliable, and based on 
                scientifically valid research on language, 
                literacy, and English language acquisition;
                  ``(B) is used for the purposes of--
                          ``(i) identifying a student's 
                        specific areas of strengths and 
                        weaknesses in oral language and 
                        literacy;
                          ``(ii) determining any difficulties 
                        that the student may have in oral 
                        language and literacy and the potential 
                        cause of such difficulties; and
                          ``(iii) helping to determine possible 
                        literacy intervention strategies and 
                        related special needs of the student; 
                        and
                  ``(C) in the case of young children, is 
                conducted after a screening assessment that 
                identifies potential risks or a lack of school 
                preparedness, including oral language and 
                literacy development, or delayed development.
          ``(6) Eligible entity.--The term `eligible entity' 
        means--
                  ``(A) when used with respect to children from 
                preschool through kindergarten entry--
                          ``(i) 1 or more local educational 
                        agencies providing early childhood 
                        education programs, or 1 or more public 
                        or private early childhood education 
                        programs, serving children from 
                        preschool through kindergarten entry 
                        (such as a Head Start program, a child 
                        care program, a State-funded 
                        prekindergarten program, a public 
                        library program, or a family literacy 
                        program), that has a demonstrated 
                        record of providing effective literacy 
                        instruction for the age group such 
                        agency or program proposes to serve 
                        under section 5426; or
                          ``(ii) 1 or more entities described 
                        in clause (i) acting in partnership 
                        with 1 or more public agencies or 
                        private nonprofit organizations that 
                        have a demonstrated record of 
                        effectiveness--
                                  ``(I) in improving the early 
                                literacy development of 
                                children from preschool through 
                                kindergarten entry; and
                                  ``(II) in providing 
                                professional development 
                                aligned with the activities 
                                described in section 
                                5426(e)(1); or
                  ``(B) when used with respect to students in 
                kindergarten through grade 12--
                          ``(i) that is--
                                  ``(I) a local educational 
                                agency;
                                  ``(II) a consortium of local 
                                educational agencies; or
                                  ``(III) or a local 
                                educational agency or 
                                consortium of local educational 
                                agencies that may act in 
                                partnership with 1 or more 
                                public agencies or private 
                                nonprofit organizations, which 
                                agencies or organizations shall 
                                have a demonstrated record of 
                                effectiveness, consistent with 
                                the purposes of their 
                                participation, in improving 
                                literacy achievement of 
                                students from kindergarten 
                                through grade 12 and in 
                                providing professional 
                                development described in 
                                section 5427(a)(3)(B);
                          ``(ii) that--
                                  ``(I) is among, or consists 
                                of, the local educational 
                                agencies in the State with the 
                                highest numbers or percentages 
                                of students reading or writing 
                                below grade level, based on the 
                                most currently available State 
                                academic assessment data;
                                  ``(II) has jurisdiction over 
                                a significant number or 
                                percentage of schools that are 
                                identified for school 
                                improvement under section 1116; 
                                or
                          ``(iii) has the highest numbers or 
                        percentages of children who are counted 
                        under section 1124(c) of the Elementary 
                        and Secondary Education Act (20 U.S.C. 
                        6333(c)), in comparison to other local 
                        educational agencies in the State.
          ``(7) English language acquisition.--
                  ``(A) In general.--The term `English language 
                acquisition' means the process by which a non-
                native English speaker acquires proficiency in 
                speaking, listening, reading, and writing the 
                English language.
                  ``(B) Inclusions for english learners in 
                school.--For an English language learner in 
                school, such term includes not only the social 
                language proficiency needed to participate in 
                the school environment, but also the academic 
                language proficiency needed to acquire literacy 
                and academic content and demonstrate the 
                student's learning.
          ``(8) Essential components of reading instruction.--
        The term `essential components of reading instruction' 
        means developmentally appropriate, contextually 
        explicit, systematic instruction, and frequent 
        practice, in reading across content areas.
          ``(9) Essential components of writing instruction.--
        The term `essential components of writing instruction' 
        means developmentally appropriate and contextually 
        explicit instruction, and frequent practice, in writing 
        across content areas.
          ``(10) Family literacy services.--The term `family 
        literacy services' means literacy services provided on 
        a voluntary basis that are of sufficient intensity in 
        terms of hours and duration and that integrate all of 
        the following activities:
                  ``(A) Interactive literacy activities between 
                or among parents and their children, including 
                parent literacy training.
                  ``(B) Training for parents regarding how to 
                be the primary teacher for their children and 
                full partners in the education of their 
                children.
                  ``(C) Parent literacy training that leads to 
                economic self-sufficiency.
                  ``(D) An age-appropriate education to prepare 
                children for success in school and life 
                experiences.
          ``(11) Formative assessment.--The term `formative 
        assessment' means a process that--
                  ``(A) is teacher-generated or selected by 
                teachers and students during instructional 
                learning;
                  ``(B) is embedded within the learning 
                activity and linked directly to the current 
                unit of instruction; and
                  ``(C) provides feedback to adjust ongoing 
                teaching and learning to improve students' 
                achievement of intended instructional outcomes.
          ``(12) High-quality professional development.--The 
        term `high-quality professional development' means 
        professional development that--
                  ``(A) is job-embedded, ongoing, and based on 
                scientifically valid research;
                  ``(B) is sustained, intensive, and classroom-
                focused;
                  ``(C) is designed to increase the knowledge 
                and expertise of teachers, early childhood 
                educators and administrators, principals, other 
                school leaders, and other program staff in 
                applying--
                          ``(i) the characteristics of 
                        effective literacy instruction;
                          ``(ii) the essential components of 
                        reading instruction;
                          ``(iii) the essential components of 
                        writing instruction; and
                          ``(iv) instructional strategies and 
                        practices that are appropriate to the 
                        age, development, and needs of children 
                        and improve student learning, including 
                        strategies and practices consistent 
                        with the principles of universal design 
                        for learning, as described in section 
                        5429(b)(21);
                  ``(D) includes and supports teachers in 
                effectively administering age appropriate and 
                developmentally appropriate assessments, and 
                analyzing the results of such assessments for 
                the purposes of planning, monitoring, adapting, 
                and improving effective classroom instruction 
                or teaching strategies to improve student 
                literacy;
                  ``(E) for educators working with students in 
                kindergarten through grade 12--
                          ``(i) supports the characteristics of 
                        effective literacy instruction through 
                        core academic subjects, and through 
                        career and technical education subjects 
                        where such career and technical 
                        education subjects provide for the 
                        integration of core academic subjects; 
                        and
                          ``(ii) includes explicit instruction 
                        in discipline-specific thinking and how 
                        to read and interpret discipline-
                        specific text structures and features;
                  ``(F) includes instructional strategies 
                utilizing one-to-one, small group, and 
                classroom-based instructional materials and 
                approaches based on scientifically valid 
                research on literacy;
                  ``(G) provides ongoing instructional literacy 
                coaching--
                          ``(i) to ensure high-quality 
                        implementation of effective practices 
                        of literacy instruction that are 
                        content-centered, integrated across the 
                        curricula, collaborative, and embedded 
                        in the school, classroom, or other 
                        setting; and
                          ``(ii) that uses student data to 
                        improve instruction;
                  ``(H) includes and supports teachers in 
                setting high reading and writing achievement 
                goals for all students and provides the 
                teachers with the instructional tools and 
                skills to help students reach such goals; and
                  ``(I) is differentiated for educators working 
                with children from preschool through 
                kindergarten entry, students in kindergarten 
                through grade 5, and students in grades 6 
                through 12, and, as appropriate, by student 
                grade or student need.
          ``(13) Literacy coach.--The term `literacy coach' 
        means a professional--
                  ``(A) who--
                          ``(i) has previous teaching 
                        experience and--
                                  ``(I) a master's degree with 
                                a concentration in reading and 
                                writing education;
                                  ``(II) demonstrated 
                                proficiency in teaching reading 
                                or writing in a core academic 
                                subject consistent with the 
                                characteristics of effective 
                                literacy instruction; or
                                  ``(III) in the case of a 
                                literacy coach for children 
                                from preschool through 
                                kindergarten entry, a 
                                concentration, credential, or 
                                significant experience in child 
                                development and early literacy 
                                development; and
                          ``(ii) is able to demonstrate the 
                        ability to help teachers--
                                  ``(I) apply research on how 
                                students become successful 
                                readers, writers, and 
                                communicators;
                                  ``(II) apply multiple forms 
                                of assessment to guide 
                                instructional decisionmaking 
                                and use data to improve 
                                literacy instruction;
                                  ``(III) improve student 
                                writing and reading in and 
                                across content areas such as 
                                mathematics, science, social 
                                studies, and language arts;
                                  ``(IV) develop and implement 
                                differentiated instruction and 
                                teaching approaches to serve 
                                the needs of the full range of 
                                learners, including English 
                                learners and children with 
                                disabilities;
                                  ``(V) apply principles of 
                                universal design for learning, 
                                as described in section 
                                5429(b)(21);
                                  ``(VI) employ best practices 
                                in engaging principals, early 
                                childhood educators and 
                                administrators, teachers, and 
                                other professionals supporting 
                                literacy instruction to change 
                                school cultures to better 
                                encourage and support literacy 
                                development and achievement; 
                                and
                                  ``(VII)(aa) for children from 
                                preschool through kindergarten 
                                entry, set developmentally 
                                appropriate expectations for 
                                language; and
                                  ``(bb) for all children, set 
                                literacy development and high 
                                reading and writing achievement 
                                goals and select, acquire, and 
                                use instructional tools and 
                                skills to help the children 
                                reach such goals; and
                  ``(B) whose role with teachers and 
                professionals supporting literacy instruction 
                is--
                          ``(i) to provide high-quality 
                        professional development;
                          ``(ii) to work cooperatively and 
                        collaboratively with principals, 
                        teachers, and other professionals in 
                        employing strategies to help teachers 
                        identify and support student language 
                        and literacy needs and teach literacy 
                        across content areas and developmental 
                        domains; and
                          ``(iii) to work cooperatively and 
                        collaboratively with other 
                        professionals in employing strategies 
                        to help teachers teach literacy across 
                        content areas so that the teachers can 
                        meet the needs of all students, 
                        including children with disabilities, 
                        English learners, and students who are 
                        reading at or above grade level.
          ``(14) Multi-tiered system of support.--The term 
        `multi-tiered system of support' means a comprehensive 
        system of differentiated supports that includes 
        evidence-based instruction, universal screening, 
        progress monitoring, formative assessments, evidence-
        based interventions matched to student needs and 
        educational decisionmaking using student outcome data.
          ``(15) Reading.--The term `reading' means a complex 
        system of deriving meaning from print that requires, in 
        ways that are developmentally, content, and 
        contextually appropriate, all of the following:
                  ``(A) Phonemes.--The skills and knowledge to 
                understand how phonemes, or speech sounds, are 
                connected to print.
                  ``(B) Accuracy, fluency, and understanding.--
                The ability to read accurately, fluently, and 
                with understanding.
                  ``(C) Reading comprehension.--The use of 
                background knowledge and vocabulary to make 
                meaning from a text.
                  ``(D) Active strategies.--The development and 
                use of appropriate active strategies to 
                interpret and construct meaning from print.
          ``(16) Scientifically valid research.--The term 
        `scientifically valid research' has the meaning given 
        the term in section 200 of the Higher Education Act of 
        1965 (20 U.S.C. 1021).
          ``(17) Screening assessment.--The term `screening 
        assessment' means an assessment that--
                  ``(A) is valid, reliable, and based on 
                scientifically valid research on literacy and 
                English language acquisition; and
                  ``(B) is a procedure designed as a first step 
                in identifying children who may be at high risk 
                for delayed development or academic failure and 
                in need of further diagnosis of the children's 
                need for special services or additional 
                literacy instruction.
          ``(18) State.--The term `State' has the meaning given 
        the term in section 103 of the Higher Education Act of 
        1965 (20 U.S.C. 1003).
          ``(19) State literacy leadership team.--
                  ``(A) In general.--The term `State literacy 
                leadership team' means a team that--
                          ``(i) is appointed and coordinated by 
                        the State educational agency;
                          ``(ii) assumes the responsibility to 
                        guide the development and 
                        implementation of a statewide, 
                        comprehensive literacy plan;
                          ``(iii) is composed of not less than 
                        11 individuals; and
                          ``(iv) shall include--
                                  ``(I) not less than 3 
                                individuals who have literacy 
                                expertise in one of each of the 
                                areas of--
                                          ``(aa) preschool 
                                        through school entry, 
                                        such as the State Head 
                                        Start collaboration 
                                        director;
                                          ``(bb) kindergarten 
                                        entry through grade 5; 
                                        and
                                          ``(cc) grades 6 
                                        through 12;
                                  ``(II) a school principal;
                                  ``(III) teachers and 
                                administrators with expertise 
                                in literacy and special 
                                education;
                                  ``(IV) teachers and 
                                administrators with expertise 
                                in teaching the English 
                                language to English learners;
                                  ``(V) a representative from 
                                the State educational agency 
                                who oversees literacy 
                                initiatives; and
                                  ``(VI) a representative from 
                                higher education who is 
                                actively involved in research, 
                                development, or teacher 
                                preparation in literacy 
                                instruction and intervention 
                                based on scientifically valid 
                                research.
                  ``(B) Inclusion of a preexisting 
                partnership.--If, before the date of enactment 
                of the Student Success Act, a State educational 
                agency established a consortium, partnership, 
                or any other similar body that was considered a 
                literacy partnership for purposes of subpart 1 
                or 2 of part B of title I of the Elementary and 
                Secondary Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 6361 
                et seq., 6371 et seq.) and that includes the 
                individuals required under subparagraph 
                (A)(iv), such consortium, partnership, or body 
                may be considered a State literacy leadership 
                team for purposes of subparagraph (A).
          ``(20) Summative assessment.--The term `summative 
        assessment' means an assessment that--
                  ``(A) is valid, reliable, and based on 
                scientifically valid research on literacy and 
                English language acquisition; and
                  ``(B) measures--
                          ``(i) for children from preschool 
                        through kindergarten entry, how the 
                        children have progressed over time 
                        relative to developmental norms; and
                          ``(ii) for students in kindergarten 
                        through grade 12, what the students 
                        have learned over time, relative to 
                        academic content standards.
          ``(21) Universal design for learning.--The term 
        `universal design for learning' has the meaning given 
        the term in section 103 of the Higher Education Act of 
        1965 (20 U.S.C. 1003).
          ``(22) Writing.--The term `writing' means--
                  ``(A) composing meaning in print or through 
                other media, including technologies, to 
                communicate and to create new knowledge in ways 
                appropriate to the context of the writing and 
                the literacy development stage of the writer;
                  ``(B) composing ideas individually and 
                collaboratively in ways that are appropriate 
                for a variety of purposes, audiences, and 
                occasions;
                  ``(C) choosing vocabulary, tone, genre, and 
                conventions, such as spelling and punctuation, 
                suitable to the purpose, audience, and 
                occasion; and
                  ``(D) revising compositions for clarity of 
                ideas, coherence, logical development, and 
                precision of language use.

``SEC. 5429. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

  ``There are authorized to be appropriated to carry out this 
subpart $500,000,000 for fiscal year 2014 and such sums as may 
be necessary for subsequent fiscal years.

                 ``Subpart 3--A Well-Rounded Education


``SEC. 5431. PROGRAM AUTHORIZED.

  ``From the amount appropriated each fiscal year to carry out 
this subpart, the Secretary--
          ``(1) shall--
                  ``(A) reserve not less than 5 percent for 
                national activities under section 5438; and
                  ``(B) of the funds remaining after the 
                Secretary reserves funds under subparagraph 
                (A)--
                          ``(i) use at least 30 percent to 
                        award grants to eligible entities under 
                        this subpart to carry out proven 
                        practices, strategies, or programs in 
                        American history, civic education, and 
                        geography;
                          ``(ii) use at least 10 percent to 
                        award grants to eligible entities under 
                        this subpart to carry out proven 
                        practices, strategies, or programs in 
                        economic and financial literacy 
                        education and entrepreneurship 
                        education;
                          ``(iii) use at least 20 percent to 
                        award grants to eligible entities under 
                        this subpart to carry out proven 
                        practices, strategies, or programs in 
                        foreign language education;
                          ``(iv) use at least 20 percent to 
                        award grants to eligible entities under 
                        this subpart to carry out proven 
                        practices, strategies, or programs in 
                        arts education; and
                          ``(v) use at least 10 percent to 
                        award grants to eligible entities under 
                        this subpart to carry out proven 
                        practices, strategies, or programs in 
                        Javits gifted and talented education; 
                        and
          ``(2) may use the funds remaining after the Secretary 
        reserves and uses funds under paragraph (1) to award 
        grants to eligible entities under this subpart to carry 
        out any of the proven practices, strategies, or 
        programs described in clauses (i) through (v) of 
        paragraph (1)(B).

``SEC. 5432. ELIGIBLE ENTITY DEFINED.

  ``In this subpart, an eligible entity means a State 
educational agency, local educational agency, or an educational 
service agency with a local educational agency that is in 
partnership with one or more of the following:
          ``(1) An institution of higher education.
          ``(2) A nonprofit organization with demonstrated 
        expertise in the content areas described in section 
        5431(1)(B).
          ``(3) A library or museum.

``SEC. 5433. GRANT PRIORITY, DURATION, AND SIZE AND SCOPE REQUIREMENTS.

  ``(a) Priority.--In awarding grants under this subpart, the 
Secretary shall give priority to--
          ``(1) eligible entities proposing to serve schools in 
        need of improvement or persistently low achieving 
        schools; and
          ``(2) eligible entities proposing to serve a high 
        percentage and number of children from families with 
        incomes below the poverty line according to the most 
        recent census data approved by the Secretary.
  ``(b) Duration.--The Secretary shall award grants under this 
subpart for a period of 5 years.
  ``(c) Sufficient Size and Scope.--In awarding grants under 
this subpart, the Secretary shall ensure that grants are of 
sufficient size and scope.

``SEC. 5434. SUPPLEMENT, NOT SUPPLANT.

  ``Funds received under this subpart shall be used to 
supplement, not supplant, Federal and non-Federal funds 
available to support child and youth services.

``SEC. 5435. APPLICATION REQUIREMENTS.

  ``(a) In General.--To receive a grant under one or more of 
the grant programs described in clauses (i) through (v) of 
section 5431(1)(B), an eligible entity shall submit an 
application to the Secretary at such time, in such manner, and 
containing the information that the Secretary may require, 
including the information described in subsection (c).
  ``(b) Multiple Applications.--An eligible entity may apply 
for one or more grant programs under this subpart, and may use 
a consolidated application to apply for more than one grant 
program under this subpart .
  ``(c) Application Requirements.-- An application submitted 
under subsection (a) shall contain the following:
          ``(1) A description of the promising or proven 
        practice, strategy, or program that the applicant 
        proposes to implement in a content area listed in 
        clauses (i) through (v) of section 5431(1)(B).
          ``(2) A description of how the proposed practice, 
        strategy, or program is evidence-based and will improve 
        teaching practices as well as student achievement or 
        student academic growth especially with high-need 
        student populations.
          ``(3) A description of how the proposed practice, 
        strategy, or program fits into the State or local 
        educational agency's overall strategy that students 
        have access to a well-rounded education.
          ``(4) A description of how the proposed practice, 
        strategy, or program will be aligned with school 
        improvement plans.
          ``(5) A description of how the activities will 
        adequately address the needs of students with 
        disabilities and English learners.
          ``(6) A description of the applicant's plan for data 
        collection, analysis, and dissemination of results and 
        outcomes, including an assurance that the applicant 
        will make this information publicly available and 
        accessible to educators, researchers, and other 
        experts.
          ``(7) A description of how the applicant will provide 
        for the completion of an independent evaluation of the 
        project (including through the use of formative and 
        summative evaluation methodologies) during the grant 
        period to assess its impact on student achievement, 
        student academic growth, student engagement, and other 
        program goals, including its potential for replication 
        and expansion.
          ``(8) If the applicant proposes to expand an existing 
        practice, strategy, or program with at least moderate 
        evidence, a description of how the applicant proposes 
        to reach additional participants in such practice, 
        strategy, or program.
  ``(d) Peer Review.--The Secretary shall establish a peer-
review process to assist in review of applications submitted 
under this section.

``SEC. 5436. USES OF FUNDS.

  ``(a) In General.--Each eligible entity that receives a grant 
under this subpart shall carry out one or more of the 
following:
          ``(1) Plan, develop, expand, or improve practices, 
        strategies, and programs in the applicable content 
        area.
          ``(2) Develop and implement instructional materials, 
        assessments (including performance-based assessments), 
        and curriculum, aligned with State standards in a 
        content area listed in clauses (i) through (v) of 
        section 5431(1)(B), which embed principles of universal 
        design for learning, as described in section 
        5429(b)(21), to support students with diverse learning 
        needs including English learners and students with 
        disabilities.
          ``(3) Develop and implement professional development 
        for teachers in the applicable content area in order to 
        improve classroom practices.
          ``(4) Align practices, strategies, and programs with 
        postsecondary programs for the continuation of 
        instruction in the academic subject for which the 
        program strategy or practice proposes to increase 
        student achievement or student growth.
          ``(5) Supporting the use of open educational 
        resources or other innovative uses of technology that 
        are designed to serve students at all levels of 
        achievement.
          ``(6) Support efforts to expand access to advanced 
        coursework, especially for high-need students.
          ``(7) In the case of an eligible entity that is a 
        State educational agency, the eligible entity may also 
        provide technical assistance to local programs within 
        the State.
  ``(b) Program Specific Requirements for Geography Grants.--In 
addition to meeting the requirements of subsection (a), an 
eligible entity receiving a grant described in section 
5431(1)(B)(i) may use the grant to--
          ``(1) carry out local, field-based activities for 
        teachers and students to improve their knowledge of the 
        concepts and tools of geography while enhancing 
        understanding of their home region; and
          ``(2) apply geographic information systems and 
        technology to the teaching of geography; and
          ``(3) using internet or distance-learning technology.
  ``(c) Program Specific Requirements for Economic, Financial 
Literacy, and Entrepreneurship Education Grants.--In addition 
to meeting the requirements of subsection (a), an eligible 
entity receiving a grant described in section 5431(1)(B)(ii)--
          ``(1) may use the grant to--
                  ``(A) carry out programs to teach personal 
                financial management skills;
                  ``(B) carry out programs to teach the basic 
                principles involved with earning, spending, 
                saving, investing, credit, and insurance; and
                  ``(C) implement financial and economic 
                literacy activities and sequences of study 
                within, or coordinated with, core academic 
                subjects; and
          ``(2) is strongly encouraged to--
                  ``(A) include interactions with the local 
                business community to the fullest extent 
                possible to reinforce the connection between 
                economic and financial literacy; and
                  ``(B) work with private businesses to obtain 
                matching contributions for Federal funds and 
                assist recipients in working toward self-
                sufficiency.
  ``(d) Program Specific Requirements for Foreign Language 
Grants.--In addition to meeting the requirements of subsection 
(a), an eligible entity receiving a grant described in section 
5431(1)(B)(iii) may use the grant to carry out the following 
activities:
          ``(1) Developing and implementing intensive summer 
        foreign language programs for professional development.
          ``(2) Linking nonnative English speakers in the 
        community with the schools in order to promote two-way 
        language learning.
          ``(3) Promoting the sequential study of a foreign 
        language for students, beginning in elementary schools.
          ``(4) Making effective use of technology, such as 
        computer-assisted instruction, language laboratories, 
        or distance learning, to promote foreign language 
        study.
          ``(5) Developing and implementing, high quality dual 
        language programs.
          ``(6) Promoting innovative activities, such as 
        foreign language immersion, partial foreign language 
        immersion, or content-based instruction.
          ``(7) Providing opportunities for maximum foreign 
        language exposure for students domestically, such as 
        the creation of immersion environments in the classroom 
        and school, on weekend or summer experiences, and 
        special tutoring and academic support.
          ``(8) providing for the possibility for multiple 
        entry points for studying the foreign language.
          ``(9) Creating partnerships with elementary and 
        secondary schools in other countries to facilitate 
        language and cultural learning and exchange.
          ``(10) Providing support for a language supervisor to 
        oversee and coordinate the progress of the articulated 
        foreign language program across grade levels in the 
        local education agency funded under this subpart.
  ``(e) Program Specific Requirements for Javits Gifted and 
Talented Grants.--In addition to meeting the requirements of 
subsection (a), an eligible entity receiving a grant described 
in section 5431(1)(B)(v) may use the grant to carry out the 
following activities:
          ``(1) Providing funds for challenging, high-level 
        course work, disseminated through technologies 
        (including distance learning), for individual students 
        or groups of students in schools and local educational 
        agencies that would not otherwise have the resources to 
        provide such course work.
          ``(2) Ensuring that assessments provide diagnostic 
        information that informs instruction for high-achieving 
        students.
          ``(3) Carrying out training and professional 
        development for school personnel involved in the 
        teaching of high-achieving, educationally disadvantaged 
        students, such as instructional staff, principals, 
        counselors, and psychologists.
          ``(4) Conducting education and training for parents 
        of high-achieving, educationally disadvantaged students 
        to support educational excellence for such students.

``SEC. 5437. EVALUATION.

  ``Each eligible entity receiving a grant under this subpart 
shall conduct an independent program-level evaluation and 
submit preliminary results to the Secretary at such a time and 
in such manner as the Secretary may require in order to 
determine the eligible entity's eligibility to continue to 
receive funding under this subpart.

``SEC. 5438. NATIONAL ACTIVITIES.

  ``(a) In General.--From the amounts reserved under section 
5431(1)(A), the Secretary shall carry out the national 
activities described in subsection (b) directly or by entering 
into contracts with an eligible educational entity.
  ``(b) National Activities.--The national activities that 
shall be carried out under this section are as follows:
          ``(1) Technical assistance.
          ``(2) Development of curricula.
          ``(3) Production, development, and dissemination of 
        high-quality educational content (including digital 
        content) in academic content areas under this subpart.
          ``(4) Research and collecting information on, and 
        identifying, effective programs and best practices and 
        disseminating that information to States, local 
        educational agencies, institutions of higher education, 
        and other stakeholders.

``SEC. 5439. PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT ACTIVITIES.

  ``(a) Eligible Educational Entity Defined.--In this section, 
the term `eligible educational entity' means a national 
nonprofit educational entity with a proven track record and 
demonstrated expertise in one or more of the following areas as 
related to the activities described in subsection (b):
          ``(1) High-quality professional development programs, 
        including writing programs for teachers across 
        disciplines and at all grade levels.
          ``(2) History education programs.
          ``(3) Civics and government education programs.
          ``(4) Economic and financial literacy education 
        programs.
          ``(5) Geography education programs.
          ``(6) Foreign Language education programs.
          ``(7) Arts education programs.
          ``(8) Gifted and talented programs.
          ``(9) Reading and book distribution programs 
        (including pediatric early literacy programs).
          ``(10) Educational and instructional video 
        programming (including early literacy programming) for 
        a public telecommunications entity.
  ``(b) Priority.--In awarding a contract to an eligible 
educational entity under this section, the Secretary shall give 
priority to an entity that provides support to the eligible 
entities receiving a grant under this subpart or eligible 
entities receiving a grant under the subpart 1 or 2 to develop 
instructional systems that provide--
          ``(1) a systematic and coherent combination of 
        instructional materials;
          ``(2) embedded formative and interim assessments;
          ``(3) professional development;
          ``(4) information on student learning; and
          ``(5) academic interventions based on cognitive 
        science and content-area knowledge and are aligned with 
        college- and career-ready standards.

``SEC. 5440. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

  ``There are authorized to be appropriated to carry out this 
subpart $150,000,000 for fiscal year 2014 and such sums as may 
be necessary for each succeeding fiscal year.

     ``Subpart 4--Transforming Education Through Technology Grants


``SEC. 5441. PURPOSES.

  ``The purposes of this subpart are to--
          ``(1) improve the achievement, academic growth, and 
        college-and-career readiness of students who have 
        developed the ability to think critically, apply 
        knowledge to solve complex problems, work 
        collaboratively, communicate effectively, be self-
        directed, and be responsible digital citizens;
          ``(2) ensure all students have access to 
        individualized, rigorous, and engaging digital learning 
        experiences;
          ``(3) ensure that educators have the knowledge and 
        skills to develop and implement digital learning 
        curriculum, use technology effectively in order to 
        personalize and strengthen instruction, and effectively 
        create, deliver, and utilize assessments to measure 
        student outcomes and support student success;
          ``(4) ensure that administrators have the leadership, 
        management, knowledge, and skills to design, develop, 
        and implement a school or local educational agency-wide 
        digital age learning environment; and
          ``(5) improve the efficiency and productivity of 
        education through technology.

``SEC. 5442. E-RATE RESTRICTION.

  ``Funds awarded under this subpart may be used to address the 
networking needs of a recipient of such funds for which the 
recipient is eligible to receive support under the E-rate 
program, except that such funds may not be duplicative of 
support received by the recipient under the E-rate program.

``SEC. 5443. RULE OF CONSTRUCTION REGARDING PURCHASING.

  ``Nothing in this subpart shall be construed to permit a 
recipient of funds under this subpart to purchase goods or 
services using such funds without ensuring that the purchase is 
free of any conflict of interest between such recipient, or any 
partner of such recipient, and the person or entity receiving 
such funds.

``SEC. 5444. DEFINITIONS.

  ``In this subpart:
          ``(1) Digital learning.--The term `digital learning' 
        means any instructional practice that effectively uses 
        technology to strengthen a student's learning 
        experience and encompasses a wide spectrum of tools and 
        practices, including--
                  ``(A) interactive learning resources that 
                engage students in academic content;
                  ``(B) access to online databases and other 
                primary source documents;
                  ``(C) the use of data to personalize learning 
                and provide targeted supplementary instruction;
                  ``(D) student collaboration with content 
                experts and peers;
                  ``(E) online and computer-based assessments;
                  ``(F) digital content, adaptive, and 
                simulation software or courseware,
                  ``(G) online courses, online instruction, or 
                digital learning platforms;
                  ``(H) mobile and wireless technologies for 
                learning in school and at home;
                  ``(I) learning environments that allow for 
                rich collaboration and communication;
                  ``(J) authentic audiences for learning in a 
                relevant, real world experience;
                  ``(K) teacher participation in virtual 
                professional communities of practice; and
                  ``(L) hybrid or blended learning, which 
                occurs under direct instructor supervision at a 
                school or other location away from home and, at 
                least in part, through online delivery of 
                instruction with some element of student 
                control over time, place, path, or pace.
          ``(2) Eligible technology.--The term `eligible 
        technology' means modern information, computer, and 
        communication technology hardware, software, services, 
        or tools, including computer or mobile hardware devices 
        and other computer and communications hardware, 
        software applications, systems and platforms, and 
        digital and online content, courseware, and online 
        instruction and other online services and supports, 
        including technology that is interoperable and is in 
        accordance with principles of universal design for 
        learning, as described in section 5429(b)(21).
          ``(3) Students with disabilities.--The term `students 
        with disabilities' means students with disabilities as 
        defined under the Individuals with Disabilities 
        Education Act and section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act 
        of 1973.
          ``(4) Student technology literacy.--The term `student 
        technology literacy' means student knowledge and skills 
        in using contemporary information, communication, and 
        learning technologies in a manner necessary for 
        successful employment, lifelong learning, and 
        citizenship in the knowledge-based, digital, and global 
        21st century, including, at a minimum, the ability to--
                  ``(A) effectively communicate and 
                collaborate;
                  ``(B) analyze and solve problems;
                  ``(C) access, evaluate, manage, and create 
                information and otherwise gain information 
                literacy;
                  ``(D) demonstrate creative thinking, 
                construct knowledge, and develop innovative 
                products and processes; and
                  ``(E) carry out the activities described in 
                subparagraphs (A) through (D) in a safe and 
                ethical manner.
          ``(5) Technology readiness survey.--The term 
        `technology readiness survey' means a survey completed 
        by a local educational agency that provides 
        standardized information comparable to the information 
        collected through the technology readiness survey 
        administered under the Race to the Top Assessment 
        program under section 14006 of division A of the 
        American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 (Public 
        Law 111-5) on the quantity and types of technology 
        infrastructure and access available to the students 
        served by the local educational agency, including 
        computer devices, Internet connectivity, operating 
        systems, related network infrastructure, data systems, 
        and--
                  ``(A) requiring--
                          ``(i) an internal review of the 
                        degree to which instruction, additional 
                        student support, and professional 
                        development is delivered in digital 
                        formats, media, and platforms and is 
                        available to students and educators at 
                        any time;
                          ``(ii) an internal review of the 
                        ability of educators to use assessments 
                        and other student data to personalize 
                        and strengthen instruction and identify 
                        professional development needs and 
                        priorities; and
                          ``(iii) any other information 
                        required by the State educational 
                        agency serving the local educational 
                        agency; and
                  ``(B) may include an assessment of local 
                community needs to ensure students have 
                adequate on-line access and access to devices 
                for school-related work during out-of-school 
                time.

``SEC. 5445. TECHNOLOGY GRANTS PROGRAM AUTHORIZED.

  ``(a) In General.--From the amounts appropriated under 
section 5451, the Secretary shall award State Grants for 
Technology Readiness and Access (in this title referred to as 
`grants') to State educational agencies to strengthen State and 
local technological infrastructure and professional development 
that supports digital learning through State activities under 
section 5447(c) and local activities under section 5448(c).
  ``(b) Grants to State Educational Agencies.--
          ``(1) Reservations.--From the amounts appropriated 
        under section 5451 for any fiscal year, the Secretary 
        shall reserve--
                  ``(A) three-fourths of 1 percent for the 
                Secretary of Interior to provide assistance 
                under this title for schools operated or funded 
                by the Bureau of Indian Education; and
                  ``(B) 1 percent to provide assistance under 
                this title to the outlying areas.
          ``(2) Grants.--From the amounts appropriated under 
        section 106 for any fiscal year and remaining after the 
        Secretary makes reservations under paragraph (1), the 
        Secretary shall make a grant for the fiscal year to 
        each State educational agency with an approved 
        application under section 5446 in an amount that bears 
        the same relationship to such remainder as the amount 
        the State educational agency received under part A of 
        title I of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act 
        of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 6311 et seq.) for such year bears to 
        the amount all State educational agencies with an 
        approved application under section 102 received under 
        such part (20 U.S.C. 6311 et seq.) for such year.
  ``(c) Minimum.--The amount of a grant to a State educational 
agency under subsection (b)(2) for a fiscal year may not be 
less than one-half of 1 percent of the total amount made 
available for grants to all State educational agencies under 
such subsection for such year.
  ``(d) Reallotment of Unused Funds.--If any State educational 
agency does not apply for a grant under subsection (b)(2) for a 
fiscal year, or does not use its entire grant under subsection 
(b)(2) for such year, the Secretary shall reallot the amount of 
the State educational agency's grant, or the unused portion of 
the grant, to the remaining State educational agencies that use 
their entire grant amounts under subsection (b)(2) for such 
year.
  ``(e) Matching Funds.--
          ``(1) In general.--A State educational agency that 
        receives a grant under subsection (b)(2) shall provide 
        matching funds, from non-Federal sources, in an amount 
        equal to 20 percent of the amount of grant funds 
        provided to the State educational agency to carry out 
        the activities supported by the grant. Such matching 
        funds may be provided in cash or in-kind, except that 
        any such in-kind contributions shall be provided for 
        the purpose of supporting the State educational 
        agency's activities under section 104(c).
          ``(2) Waiver.--The Secretary may waive the matching 
        requirement under paragraph (1) for a State educational 
        agency that demonstrates that such requirement imposes 
        an undue financial hardship on the State educational 
        agency.

``SEC. 5446. STATE APPLICATIONS.

  ``(a) Application.--To receive a grant under section 
5445(b)(2), a State educational agency shall submit to the 
Secretary an application at such time and in such manner as the 
Secretary may require and containing the information described 
in subsection (b).
  ``(b) Contents.--Each application submitted under subsection 
(a) shall include the following:
          ``(1) A description of how the State educational 
        agency will meet the following goals:
                  ``(A) Use technology to ensure all students 
                achieve college-and-career readiness and 
                technology literacy, including by providing 
                high-quality education opportunities to 
                economically or geographically isolated student 
                populations.
                  ``(B) Provide educators with the tools, 
                devices, content, and resources to--
                          ``(i) significantly improve teaching 
                        and learning, including support to 
                        increase personalization for and 
                        engagement of students in pursuit of 
                        college-and-career readiness and 
                        technology literacy; and
                          ``(ii) develop and use assessments to 
                        improve instruction, including 
                        instruction consistent with the 
                        principles of universal design for 
                        learning, as described in section 
                        5429(b)(21), and instruction for 
                        students with disabilities and English-
                        language learners.
                  ``(C) Ensure administrators and school 
                leaders have the flexibility and capacity to 
                develop and manage systems to carry out 
                activities described in subparagraphs (A) and 
                (B), and support administrators and school 
                leaders in utilizing technology to promote 
                equity and increase efficiency and 
                productivity.
                  ``(D) Enable local educational agencies to 
                build the technological capacity and 
                infrastructure (including through local 
                purchasing of eligible technology), necessary 
                for the full implementation of on-line 
                assessments for all students, (including 
                students with disabilities and English-language 
                learners) and to--
                          ``(i) ensure the interoperability of 
                        data systems and eligible technology; 
                        and
                          ``(ii) carry out subparagraphs (A) 
                        through (C).
          ``(2) A description of the results of the technology 
        readiness in the State as determined by local 
        educational agency responses to the technology 
        readiness survey, including--
                  ``(A) the status of the ability of each local 
                educational agency served by the State 
                educational agency to meet the goals described 
                in section 104(b)(1);
                  ``(B) an assurance that not less 90 percent 
                of the local educational agencies served by the 
                State educational agency have completed and 
                submitted the technology readiness survey to 
                the State educational agency; and
                  ``(C) an assurance that the results of the 
                technology readiness survey for each such local 
                educational agency are made available to the 
                Secretary and the public through the Website of 
                the local educational agency.
          ``(3) A description of the plan for the State 
        educational agency to support each local educational 
        agency served by the State educational agency in 
        meeting the goals described in section 104(b)(1) not 
        later than 3 years after the local educational agency 
        completes the technology readiness survey by addressing 
        the readiness gaps identified in such survey.
          ``(4) A description of the State's process for the 
        adoption, acquisition, distribution, and use of 
        content, how the State will ensure integrity of such 
        processes, and how such processes support the goals 
        under paragraph (1) or how a State will change such 
        processes to support such goals, and how the State will 
        ensure content quality.
          ``(5) A description of how the State educational 
        agency will ensure its data systems and eligible 
        technology are interoperable.
          ``(6) An assurance that the State educational agency 
        will consider making content widely available through 
        open educational resources when making purchasing 
        decisions with funds received under this title.
          ``(7) A description of the State's student technology 
        literacy standards and the technology standards for 
        teachers and administrators, and an assurance that the 
        State's student technology literacy standards meet the 
        requirements of section 7(8).
          ``(8) An assurance that subgrant awards under section 
        104 will be carried out by the local educational agency 
        staff with responsibility for leadership, coordination, 
        and implementation of instructional and other classroom 
        technologies.
          ``(9) A description of how the State educational 
        agency will award subgrants to local educational 
        agencies under section 104.
          ``(10) A description of the process, activities, and 
        performance measures, that the State educational agency 
        will use to evaluate the impact and effectiveness of 
        the grant and subgrants funds awarded under this part 
        across the State and in each local educational agency.
          ``(11) A description of how the State educational 
        agency will, in providing technical and other 
        assistance to local educational agencies, give priority 
        to the local educational agencies proposing to target 
        services to--
                  ``(A) students in schools in need of 
                improvement and persistently low-achieving 
                schools; and
                  ``(B) schools with a high percentage of 
                students that are eligible for free or reduced 
                price lunch under the Richard B. Russell 
                National School Lunch Act (42 U.S.C. 1751 et 
                seq.).
          ``(12) A description of how the State educational 
        agency consulted with local educational agencies in the 
        development of the State educational agency's 
        application under this subsection.
          ``(13) An assurance that the State educational agency 
        will provide matching funds as required under section 
        101(e).
          ``(14) A description of how the State educational 
        agency will ensure that funds received under this title 
        is not duplicative of support received under the E-rate 
        program.
          ``(15) An assurance that the State educational 
        agency, in making awards under section 5448, will give 
        priority to local educational agencies that--
                  ``(A) propose to serve students in schools in 
                need of improvement and persistently low-
                achieving schools; or
                  ``(B) propose to serve schools with a high 
                percentage or number of students that are 
                eligible for free or reduced price lunch under 
                the Richard B. Russell National School Lunch 
                Act (42 U.S.C. 1751 et seq.).
          ``(16) An assurance that the State educational agency 
        will protect the privacy and safety of students and 
        teachers, consistent with requirements of section 444 
        of the General Education Provisions Act (20 U.S.C. 
        1232g) (commonly known as the `Family Educational 
        Rights and Privacy Act of 1974') and section 2441(a) of 
        the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 (20 
        U.S.C. 6777(a)).

``SEC. 5447. STATE USE OF GRANT FUNDS.

  ``(a) Reservation for Subgrants to Support Technology 
Infrastructure.--Each State educational agency that receives a 
grant under section 101(b)(2) shall expend not less 90 percent 
of the grant amount for each fiscal year to award subgrants to 
local educational agencies in accordance with section 5448.
  ``(b) Reservation for State Activities.--
          ``(1) In general.--A State educational agency shall 
        reserve not more than 10 percent of the grant received 
        under section 101(b)(2) for the State activities 
        described in subsection (c).
          ``(2) Grant administration.--Of the amount reserved 
        by a State educational agency under paragraph (1), the 
        State educational agency may reserve not more than 1 
        percent or 3 percent, in the case of a State 
        educational agency awarding subgrants under section 
        104(a)(2), for the administration of the grant under 
        this title, except that a State educational agency that 
        forms a State purchasing consortium under subsection 
        (d)--
                  ``(A) may reserve an additional 1 percent to 
                carry out the activities described in 
                subsection (d)(1); and
                  ``(B) shall receive direct approval from the 
                local educational agencies receiving subgrants 
                under section 104(a) from the State educational 
                agency prior to reserving more than the 
                additional percentage authorized under 
                subparagraph (A) to carry out the activities 
                described in subsection (d)(1).
  ``(c) Priority.--In awarding subgrants under this part, the 
State educational agency shall give priority to local 
educational agencies proposing to target services to--
          ``(1) students in schools in need of improvement or 
        persistently low-achieving schools; and
          ``(2) schools with a high percentage or number of 
        students that are eligible for free or reduced price 
        lunch under the Richard B. Russell National School 
        Lunch Act (42 U.S.C. 1751 et seq.).
  ``(c) State Activities.--A State educational agency shall use 
funds described in subsection (b) to carry out each of the 
following:
          ``(1) Except for the awarding of subgrants in 
        accordance with section 104, activities described in 
        the State educational agency's application under 
        section 102(b).
          ``(2) Providing technical assistance to local 
        educational agencies to--
                  ``(A) identify and address technology 
                readiness needs;
                  ``(B) redesign curriculum and instruction, 
                improve educational productivity, and deliver 
                computer-based and online assessment;
                  ``(C) use technology, consistent with the 
                principles of universal design for learning, as 
                described in section 5429(b)(21), to support 
                the learning needs of all students including 
                students with disabilities and English-language 
                learners;
                  ``(D) support principals to have the 
                expertise to evaluate teachers' proficiency in 
                implementing digital tools for teaching and 
                learning; and
                  ``(E) build capacity of individual school and 
                local educational agency leaders.
          ``(3) Developing or utilizing research-based or 
        innovative strategies for the delivery of specialized 
        or rigorous academic courses and curricula through the 
        use of technology, including digital learning 
        technologies and assistive technology.
          ``(4) Integrating and coordinating activities under 
        this title with other educational resources and 
        programs across the State.
          ``(5) Disseminating information, including making 
        publicly available on the Websites of the State 
        educational agency promising practices to improve 
        technology instruction, and acquiring and implementing 
        technology tools and applications.
          ``(6) Ensuring that teachers, paraprofessionals, 
        library and media personnel, specialized instructional 
        support personnel, and administrators possess the 
        knowledge and skills to use technology--
                  ``(A) for curriculum redesign to change 
                teaching and learning and improve student 
                achievement;
                  ``(B) for formative and summative assessment 
                administration, data analysis, and to 
                personalize learning;
                  ``(C) to improve student technology literacy;
                  ``(D) to expand the range of supports and 
                accommodations available to English-language 
                learners and students with disabilities; and
                  ``(E) for their own ongoing professional 
                development and for access to teaching 
                resources and tools.
          ``(7) Coordinating with teacher and school leader 
        preparation programs to--
                  ``(A) align digital learning teaching 
                standards; and
                  ``(B) provide ongoing professional 
                development for teachers and school leaders 
                that is aligned to State student technology 
                standards and activities promoting college-and-
                career readiness.
  ``(d) Purchasing Consortia.--
          ``(1) In general.--A State educational agency 
        receiving a grant under section 101(b)(2) may--
                  ``(A) form a State purchasing consortium with 
                1 or more State educational agencies receiving 
                such a grant to carry out the State activities 
                described in clause, including purchasing 
                eligible technology;
                  ``(B) encourage local educational agencies to 
                form local purchasing consortia under section 
                104(c)(4); and
                  ``(C) promote pricing opportunities to local 
                educational agencies for the purchase of 
                eligible technology that are--
                          ``(i) negotiated by the State 
                        educational agency or the State 
                        purchasing consortium of the State 
                        educational agency; and
                          ``(ii) available to such local 
                        educational agencies.
          ``(2) Restrictions.--A State educational agency 
        receiving a grant under section 101(b)(2) may not--
                  ``(A) except for promoting the pricing 
                opportunities described in paragraph (1)(C), 
                make recommendations to local educational 
                agencies for or require use of any specific 
                commercial products and services by local 
                educational agencies;
                  ``(B) require local educational agencies to 
                participate in a State purchasing consortia or 
                local purchasing consortia; or
                  ``(C) use more than the reservation amount 
                authorized for the administration of the grant 
                under subsection (b) to carry out the 
                activities described in paragraph (1), unless 
                the State educational agency receives approval 
                in accordance with subsection (b)(2)(B).

``SEC. 5448. LOCAL SUBGRANTS.

  ``(a) Subgrants.--
          ``(1) Grants to local educational agencies.--From the 
        grant funds provided under section 101(b)(2) to a State 
        educational agency that are remaining after the State 
        educational agency makes reservations under section 
        104(b) for any fiscal year and subject to paragraph 
        (2), the State educational agency shall award subgrants 
        for the fiscal year to local educational agencies 
        served by the State educational agency and with an 
        approved application under subsection (b) by allotting 
        to each such local educational agency an amount that 
        bears the same relationship to the remainder as the 
        amount received by the local educational agency under 
        part A of title I of the Elementary and Secondary 
        Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 6301 et seq.) for such 
        year bears to the amount received by all such local 
        educational agencies under such part for such year, 
        except that no local educational agency may receive 
        less than $5,000.
          ``(2) Competitive grants to local educational 
        agencies.--If the amount of funds appropriated under 
        section 106 is less than $500,000,000 for any fiscal 
        year, a State educational agency--
                  ``(A) shall not award subgrants under 
                paragraph (1); and
                  ``(B) shall--
                          ``(i) award subgrants, on a 
                        competitive basis, to local educational 
                        agencies based on the quality of 
                        applications submitted under (b), 
                        including--
                                  ``(I) the level of technology 
                                readiness as determined by the 
                                technology readiness surveys 
                                completed by local educational 
                                agencies submitting such 
                                applications; and
                                  ``(II) the technology plans 
                                described in subsection (b)(3) 
                                and how the local educational 
                                agencies with such plans will 
                                carry out the alignment and 
                                coordination described in such 
                                subsection; and
                          ``(ii) ensure that such subgrants are 
                        of sufficient size and scope to carry 
                        out the local activities described in 
                        subsection (c).
          ``(3) Definition of local educational agency for 
        certain fiscal years.--For purposes of awarding 
        subgrants under paragraph (2), the term `local 
        educational agency' means--
                  ``(A) a local educational agency;
                  ``(B) an educational service agency; or
                  ``(C) a local educational agency and an 
                educational service agency.
  ``(b) Application.--A local educational agency that desires 
to receive a subgrant under subsection (a) shall submit an 
application to the State at such time, in such manner, and 
accompanied by such information as the State educational agency 
may require, including--
          ``(1) a description of how the local educational 
        agency will--
                  ``(A) carry out the goals described in 
                subparagraphs (A) through (C) of section 
                101(b)(1); and
                  ``(B) enable schools served by the agency to 
                build the technological capacity and 
                infrastructure (including through local 
                purchasing of eligible technology), necessary 
                for the full implementation of on-line 
                assessments for all students (including 
                students with disabilities and English-language 
                learners) and to--
                          ``(i) ensure the interoperability of 
                        data systems and eligible technology; 
                        and
                          ``(ii) carry out the goals described 
                        in subparagraphs (A) through (C) of 
                        section 101(b)(1); and
                  ``(C) align activities funded under this part 
                with school improvement plans, when applicable, 
                described under section 1116(b)(3);
          ``(2) a description of the results of the technology 
        readiness survey completed by the local educational 
        agency and a description of the plan for the local 
        educational agency to meet the goals described in 
        paragraph (1) within 3 years of completing the survey;
          ``(3) a description of the local educational agency's 
        technology plan to carry out paragraphs (1) and (3) and 
        how the agency will align and coordinate the activities 
        under this section with other activities across the 
        local educational agency;
          ``(4) a description of the team of educators that 
        will coordinate and carry out the activities under this 
        section, including individuals with responsibility and 
        expertise in instructional technology, teachers that 
        specialize in supporting students with disabilities and 
        English-language learners, school leaders, technology 
        officers, and staff responsible for assessments and 
        data analysis;
          ``(5) a description of how the local educational 
        agency will evaluate teachers' proficiency and progress 
        in implementing technology for teaching and learning;
          ``(6) a description of how the local educational 
        agency will ensure that principals have the expertise 
        to evaluate teachers' proficiency and progress in 
        implementing technology for teaching and learning and 
        the interoperability of data systems and eligible 
        technology;
          ``(7) a description of the local educational agency's 
        procurement process and process for the creation, 
        acquisition, distribution, and use of content, how the 
        local educational agency will ensure integrity of such 
        processes, and how such processes support the goals 
        described in paragraph (1) or how a local educational 
        agency will change such processes to support such 
        goals, and how the local educational agency will ensure 
        content quality;
          ``(8) a description of how the local educational 
        agency will carry out activities under subsection (c);
          ``(9) a description of how the subgrant funds 
        received under subsection (a) will be coordinated with 
        and supported by other Federal, State, and local funds 
        to support activities under this title;
          ``(10) a description of how the local educational 
        agency will ensure that the subgrant received under 
        subsection (a) is not duplicative of support received 
        under the E-rate program; and
          ``(11) an assurance that the local educational agency 
        will protect the privacy and safety of students and 
        teachers, consistent with requirements section 444 of 
        the General Education Provisions Act (20 U.S.C. 1232g) 
        (commonly known as the `Family Educational Rights and 
        Privacy Act of 1974') and section 2441(a) of the 
        Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 (20 
        U.S.C. 6777(a)).
  ``(c) Use of Funds.--
          ``(1) Technology infrastructure.--Subject to 
        paragraph (3), a local educational agency receiving a 
        subgrant under subsection (a) shall use not less than 
        40 percent of such funds to support activities for the 
        acquisition of eligible technology needed to--
                  ``(A) except for the activities described in 
                paragraph (2), carry out activities described 
                in the application submitted under subsection 
                (b), including purchasing devices, equipment, 
                and software applications, and improving 
                connectivity to and within schools; and
                  ``(B) address readiness shortfalls identified 
                under the technology readiness survey completed 
                by the local educational agency.
          ``(2) Professional development for digital 
        learning.--Subject to paragraph (3), a local 
        educational agency receiving a subgrant under 
        subsection (a)--
                  ``(A) shall use not less than 35 percent of 
                such funds to carry out--
                          ``(i) digital age professional 
                        development opportunities for teachers, 
                        paraprofessionals, library and media 
                        personnel, specialized instructional 
                        support personnel, technology 
                        coordinators, and administrators in the 
                        effective use of modern information and 
                        communication technology tools and 
                        digital resources to deliver 
                        instruction, curriculum and school 
                        classroom management, including for 
                        classroom teachers to assess, support, 
                        and provide engaging student learning 
                        opportunities, including professional 
                        development that--
                                  ``(I) is ongoing, 
                                sustainable, and scalable;
                                  ``(II) is participatory;
                                  ``(III) includes 
                                communication and regular 
                                interactions with instructors, 
                                facilitators, and peers and is 
                                directly related to up-to-date 
                                teaching methods in content 
                                areas;
                                  ``(IV) includes strategies 
                                and tools for improving 
                                communication with parents and 
                                family engagement;
                                  ``(V) may be built around 
                                active professional learning 
                                communities or online 
                                communities of practice or 
                                other tools that increase 
                                collaboration among teachers 
                                across schools, local 
                                educational agencies, or 
                                States; and
                                  ``(VI) may contain on-demand 
                                components, such as 
                                instructional videos, training 
                                documents, or learning modules;
                          ``(ii) ongoing professional 
                        development in strategies, pedagogy, 
                        and assessment in the core academic 
                        subjects that involve the use of 
                        technology and curriculum redesign as 
                        key components of supporting effective, 
                        innovative teaching and learning, and 
                        improving student achievement;
                          ``(iii) ongoing professional 
                        development in the use of educational 
                        technologies to ensure every educator 
                        achieves and maintains technology 
                        literacy, including possessing and 
                        maintaining the knowledge and skills to 
                        use technology--
                                  ``(I) across the curriculum 
                                for student learning;
                                  ``(II) for real-time data 
                                analysis and online or digital 
                                assessment to enable 
                                individualized instruction; and
                                  ``(III) to develop and 
                                maintain student technology 
                                literacy;
                          ``(iv) ongoing professional 
                        development for school leaders to 
                        provide and promote leadership in the 
                        use of--
                                  ``(I) educational technology 
                                to ensure a digital-age 
                                learning environment, including 
                                the capacity to lead the reform 
                                or redesign of curriculum, 
                                instruction, assessment; and
                                  ``(II) data through the use 
                                of technology in order to 
                                increase student learning 
                                opportunity, student technology 
                                literacy, student access to 
                                technology, and student 
                                engagement in learning; and
                          ``(v) a review of the effectiveness 
                        of the professional development and 
                        regular intervals of learner feedback 
                        and data; and
                  ``(B) may use such funds for--
                          ``(i) the use of technology coaches 
                        to work directly with teachers, 
                        including through the preparation of 
                        teachers as technology leaders or 
                        master teachers--
                                  ``(I) who are provided with 
                                the means to serve as experts 
                                and to create professional 
                                development opportunities for 
                                other teachers in the effective 
                                use of technology; and
                                  ``(II) who may leverage 
                                technologies, such as distance 
                                learning and online virtual 
                                educator-to-educator peer 
                                communities, as a means to 
                                support ongoing, participatory 
                                professional growth around the 
                                integration of effective 
                                educational technologies;
                          ``(ii) innovative approaches to 
                        ongoing professional development such 
                        as non-standard achievement recognition 
                        strategies, including digital badging, 
                        gamification elements, use of learner-
                        created learning objects, integration 
                        of social and professional networking 
                        tools, rating and commenting on 
                        learning artifacts, and personalization 
                        of professional development; and
                          ``(iii) any other activities required 
                        to carry out the local educational 
                        agency's technology plan described in 
                        subsection (b)(4).
          ``(3) Modification of funding allocations.--A State 
        educational agency may authorize a local educational 
        agency to modify the percentage of the local 
        educational agency's subgrant funds required to carry 
        out the activities described in paragraphs (1) or (2) 
        if the local educational agency demonstrates that such 
        modification will assist the local educational agency 
        in more effectively carrying out such activities.
          ``(4) Purchasing consortia.--Local educational 
        agencies receiving subgrants under subsection (a) may--
                  ``(A) form a local purchasing consortia with 
                other such local educational agencies to carry 
                out the activities described in this 
                subsection, including purchasing eligible 
                technology; and
                  ``(B) use such funds for purchasing eligible 
                technology through a State purchasing consortia 
                under section 103(d).

``SEC. 5449. REPORTING.

  ``(a) Local Educational Agencies.--Each local educational 
agency receiving a subgrant under section 104 shall submit to 
the State educational agency that awarded such subgrant an 
annual report the meets the requirements of subsection (c).
  ``(b) State Educational Agencies.--Each State educational 
agency receiving a grant under section 101(b)(2) shall submit 
to the Secretary an annual report that meets the requirements 
of subsection (c).
  ``(c) Report Requirements.--A report submitted under 
subsection (a) or (b) shall include, at a minimum, a 
description of--
          ``(1) the status of the State education agency's plan 
        described in section 102(b)(3) or local education 
        agency's technology plan under section 104(b)(4), as 
        applicable;
          ``(2) the categories of eligible technology acquired 
        and types of programs funded under this title and how 
        such technology is being used;
          ``(3) the professional development activities funded 
        under this title, including types of activities and 
        entities involved in providing such professional 
        development; and
          ``(4) information on the impact of the grant on 
        students and student outcomes, such as--
                  ``(A) the number of and demographic 
                information about students who are served under 
                this part;
                  ``(B) student achievement, student growth, 
                and graduation rates of such students;
                  ``(C) college-and-career readiness data about 
                such students, such as rates of credit 
                accumulation, course taking and completion, and 
                college enrollment and persistence;
                  ``(D) student attendance and participation 
                rates;
                  ``(E) student engagement and discipline;
                  ``(F) school climate and teacher working 
                conditions;
                  ``(G) increases in inclusion of students with 
                disabilities and English-language learners; and
                  ``(H) such other information the Secretary 
                may require or other information State 
                educational agencies or local educational 
                agencies served under this part propose to 
                include, as approved by the Secretary.

``SEC. 5450 ESTABLISHMENT OF THE ADVANCED RESEARCH PROJECT AGENCY-
                    EDUCATION.

  ``(a) Program Established.--From the amounts appropriated 
under section 5451, the Secretary of Education may reserve up 
to 5 percent to--
          ``(1) establish and carry out the Advanced Research 
        Projects Agency-Education (in this Act referred to as 
        `ARPA-ED') to--
                  ``(A) identify and promote advances in 
                learning, fundamental and applied sciences, and 
                engineering that may be translated into new 
                learning technologies;
                  ``(B) develop, test, and evaluate new 
                learning technologies and related processes; 
                and
                  ``(C) accelerate transformational 
                technological advances in education;
          ``(2) convene an advisory panel under subsection (d); 
        and
          ``(3) carry out the evaluation and dissemination 
        requirements under subsection (e).
  ``(b) Appointments.--
          ``(1) Director.--ARPA-ED shall be under the direction 
        of the Director of ARPA-ED, who shall be appointed by 
        the Secretary.
          ``(2) Qualified individuals.--The Secretary shall 
        appoint, for a term of not more than 4 years, qualified 
        individuals who represent scientific, engineering, 
        professional, and other personnel with expertise in 
        carrying out the activities described in this section 
        to positions in ARPA-ED, at rates of compensation 
        determined by the Secretary, without regard to the 
        provisions of title 5, United States Code, except that 
        such rates of compensation shall not to exceed the rate 
        for level I of the Executive Schedule under section 
        5312 of such title.
  ``(c) Functions of ARPA-ED.--Upon consultation with the 
advisory panel convened under subsection (d), the Secretary 
shall select public and private entities to carry out the 
activities described in subsection (a)(1) by--
          ``(1) awarding such entities grants, contracts, 
        cooperative agreements, or cash prizes; or
          ``(2) entering into such other transactions with such 
        entities as the Secretary may prescribe in regulations.
  ``(d) Advisory Panel.--
          ``(1) In general.--The Secretary shall convene an 
        advisory panel to advise and consult with the 
        Secretary, Director, and the qualified individuals 
        appointed under subsection (b)(2) on--
                  ``(A) ensuring that the awards made and 
                transaction entered into under subsection (c) 
                are consistent with the purposes described in 
                subsection (a)(1); and
                  ``(B) ensuring the relevance, accessibility, 
                and utility of such awards and transactions to 
                education practitioners.
          ``(2) Appointment of members.--The Secretary shall 
        appoint the following qualified individuals to serve on 
        the advisory panel:
                  ``(A) Education practitioners.
                  ``(B) Experts in technology.
                  ``(C) Specialists in rapid gains in student 
                achievement and school turnaround.
                  ``(D) Specialists in personalized learning.
                  ``(E) Researchers, including at least one 
                representative from a comprehensive center 
                established under 203 of the Educational 
                Technical Assistance Act of 2002 (20 U.S.C. 
                9602) or the regional laboratories system 
                established under section 174 of the Education 
                Sciences Reform Act (20 U.S.C. 9564).
                  ``(F) Other individuals with expertise who 
                will contribute to the overall rigor and 
                quality of ARPA-ED.
          ``(3) Applicability of faca.--The Federal Advisory 
        Committee Act (5 U.S.C. App.) shall not apply to the 
        panel convened under this subsection and any appointee 
        to such panel shall not be considered an `employee' 
        under section 2105 of title 5, United States Code.
  ``(e) Evaluation and Dissemination.--
          ``(1) Evaluation.--The Secretary shall obtain 
        independent, periodic, and rigorous evaluation of--
                  ``(A) the effectiveness of the processes 
                ARPA-Ed is using to achieve the purposes 
                described in subsection (a)(1);
                  ``(B) the relevance, accessibility, and 
                utility of the awards made and transactions 
                entered into under subsection (c) to education 
                practitioners; and
                  ``(C) the effectiveness of the projects 
                carried out through such awards and 
                transactions, using evidence standards 
                developed in consultation with the Institute of 
                Education Sciences, and the suitability of such 
                projects for further investment or increased 
                scale.
          ``(2) Dissemination and use.--The Secretary shall 
        disseminate information to education practitioners, 
        including teachers, principals, and local and State 
        superintendents, on effective practices and 
        technologies developed under ARPA-ED, as appropriate, 
        through--
                  ``(A) the comprehensive centers established 
                under 203 of the Educational Technical 
                Assistance Act of 2002 (20 U.S.C. 9602);
                  ``(B) the regional laboratories system 
                established under section 174 of the Education 
                Sciences Reform Act (20 U.S.C. 9564); and
                  ``(C) such other means as the Secretary 
                determines to be appropriate.
  ``(f) Administrative Requirements.--Notwithstanding section 
437(d) of the General Education Provisions Act (20 U.S.C. 
1232(d)), the Secretary shall establish such processes as may 
be necessary for the Secretary to manage and administer ARPA-
ED, which are not constrained by other Department of Education-
wide administrative requirements that may prevent ARPA-ED from 
carrying out the purposes described in subsection (a)(1).

``SEC. 5451. AUTHORIZATION.

  ``There are authorized to be appropriated to carry out this 
subpart $500,000,000 for fiscal year 2014 and such sums as may 
be necessary for each of the 4 succeeding fiscal years.''.
  (b) Repeal.--Part B of title I (20 U.S.C. 6361 et seq.) is 
repealed.

          Subtitle C--Family Engagement in Education Programs

SEC. 521. FAMILY ENGAGEMENT IN EDUCATION PROGRAMS.

  Title V of the Act (20 U.S.C. 5101 et seq.) is a amended by 
adding at the end the following new part:

           ``PART E--FAMILY ENGAGEMENT IN EDUCATION PROGRAMS

``SEC. 5701. PURPOSES.

  ``The purposes of this part are the following:
          ``(1) To provide financial support to organizations 
        to provide technical assistance and training to State 
        and local educational agencies in the implementation 
        and enhancement of systemic and effective family 
        engagement policies, programs, and activities that lead 
        to improvements in student development and academic 
        achievement.
          ``(2) To assist State educational agencies, local 
        educational agencies, community-based organizations, 
        schools, and educators in strengthening partnerships 
        among parents, teachers, school leaders, 
        administrators, and other school personnel in meeting 
        the educational needs of children and fostering greater 
        parental engagement.
          ``(3) To support State educational agencies, local 
        educational agencies, schools, educators, and parents 
        in developing and strengthening the relationship 
        between parents and their children's school in order to 
        further the developmental progress of children.
          ``(4) To coordinate activities funded under this part 
        with parent involvement initiatives funded under 
        section 1118 and other provisions of this Act.
          ``(5) To assist the Secretary, State educational 
        agencies, and local educational agencies in the 
        coordination and integration of Federal, State, and 
        local services and programs to engage families in 
        education.

``SEC. 5702. GRANTS AUTHORIZED.

  ``(a) Statewide Family Engagement Centers.--From the amount 
appropriated under section 4306, the Secretary is authorized to 
award grants for each fiscal year to statewide organizations 
(and consortia of such organizations and State educational 
agencies), to establish Statewide Family Engagement Centers 
that provide comprehensive training and technical assistance to 
State educational agencies, local educational agencies, schools 
identified by State educational agencies and local educational 
agencies, organizations that support family-school 
partnerships, and other organizations that carry out parent 
education and family engagement in education programs.
  ``(b) Minimum Award.--In awarding grants under this section, 
the Secretary shall, to the extent practicable, ensure that a 
grant is awarded for a Statewide Family Engagement Center in an 
amount not less than $500,000.

``SEC. 5703. APPLICATIONS.

  ``(a) Submissions.--Each statewide organization, or a 
consortium of such an organization and a State educational 
agency, that desires a grant under this part shall submit an 
application to the Secretary at such time, in such manner, and 
including the information described in subsection (b).
  ``(b) Contents.--Each application submitted under subsection 
(a) shall include, at a minimum, the following:
          ``(1) A description of the applicant's approach to 
        family engagement in education.
          ``(2) A description of the support that the Statewide 
        Family Engagement Center that will be operated by the 
        applicant will have from the applicant, including a 
        letter from the applicant outlining the commitment to 
        work with the center.
          ``(3) A description of the applicant's plan for 
        building a statewide infrastructure for family 
        engagement in education, that includes--
                  ``(A) management and governance;
                  ``(B) statewide leadership; and
                  ``(C) systemic services for family engagement 
                in education.
          ``(4) A description of the applicant's demonstrated 
        experience in providing training, information, and 
        support to State educational agencies, local 
        educational agencies, schools, educators, parents, and 
        organizations on family engagement in education 
        policies and practices that are effective for parents 
        (including low-income parents) and families, English 
        learners, minorities, parents of students with 
        disabilities, parents of homeless students, foster 
        parents and students, and parents of migratory 
        students, including evaluation results, reporting, or 
        other data exhibiting such demonstrated experience.
          ``(5) An assurance that the applicant will--
                  ``(A) establish a special advisory committee, 
                the membership of which includes--
                          ``(i) parents, who shall constitute a 
                        majority of the members of the special 
                        advisory committee;
                          ``(ii) representatives of education 
                        professionals with expertise in 
                        improving services for disadvantaged 
                        children;
                          ``(iii) representatives of local 
                        elementary schools and secondary 
                        schools, including students;
                          ``(iv) representatives of the 
                        business community; and
                          ``(v) representatives of State 
                        educational agencies and local 
                        educational agencies;
                  ``(B) use not less than 65 percent of the 
                funds received under this part in each fiscal 
                year to serve local educational agencies, 
                schools, and community-based organizations that 
                serve high concentrations of disadvantaged 
                students, including English learners, 
                minorities, parents of students with 
                disabilities, parents of homeless students, 
                foster parents and students, and parents of 
                migratory students;
                  ``(C) operate a Statewide Family Engagement 
                Center of sufficient size, scope, and quality 
                to ensure that the Center is adequate to serve 
                the State educational agency, local educational 
                agencies, and community-based organizations;
                  ``(D) ensure that the Center will retain 
                staff with the requisite training and 
                experience to serve parents in the State;
                  ``(E) serve urban, suburban, and rural local 
                educational agencies and schools;
                  ``(F) work with--
                          ``(i) other Statewide Family 
                        Engagement Centers assisted under this 
                        part; and
                          ``(ii) parent training and 
                        information centers and community 
                        parent resource centers assisted under 
                        sections 671 and 672 of the Individuals 
                        with Disabilities Education Act;
                  ``(G) use not less than 30 percent of the 
                funds received under this part for each fiscal 
                year to establish or expand technical 
                assistance for evidence-based parent education 
                programs;
                  ``(H) provide assistance to State educational 
                agencies and local educational agencies and 
                community-based organizations that support 
                family members in supporting student academic 
                achievement;
                  ``(I) work with State educational agencies, 
                local educational agencies, schools, educators, 
                and parents to determine parental needs and the 
                best means for delivery of services to address 
                such needs; and
                  ``(J) conduct sufficient outreach to assist 
                parents, including parents who the applicant 
                may have a difficult time engaging with a 
                school or local educational agency.

``SEC. 5704. USES OF FUNDS.

  ``(a) In General.--Grantees shall use grant funds received 
under this part, based on the needs determined under section 
4303(b)(5)(I), to provide training and technical assistance to 
State educational agencies, local educational agencies, and 
organizations that support family-school partnerships, and 
activities, services, and training for local educational 
agencies, school leaders, educators, and parents--
          ``(1) to assist parents in participating effectively 
        in their children's education and to help their 
        children meet college and career ready standards, such 
        as assisting parents--
                  ``(A) to engage in activities that will 
                improve student academic achievement, including 
                understanding how they can support learning in 
                the classroom with activities at home and in 
                afterschool and extracurricular programs;
                  ``(B) to communicate effectively with their 
                children, teachers, school leaders, counselors, 
                administrators, and other school personnel;
                  ``(C) to become active participants in the 
                development, implementation, and review of 
                school-parent compacts, family engagement in 
                education policies, and school planning and 
                improvement;
                  ``(D) to participate in the design and 
                provision of assistance to students who are not 
                making academic progress;
                  ``(E) to participate in State and local 
                decisionmaking;
                  ``(F) to train other parents; and
                  ``(G) to help the parents learn and use 
                technology applied in their children's 
                education;
          ``(2) to develop and implement, in partnership with 
        the State educational agency, statewide family 
        engagement in education policy and systemic initiatives 
        that will provide for a continuum of services to remove 
        barriers for family engagement in education and support 
        school reform efforts; and
          ``(3) to develop, implement, and assess parental 
        involvement policies under sections 1112 and 1118.
  ``(b) Matching Funds for Grant Renewal.--For each fiscal year 
after the first fiscal year for which an organization or 
consortium receives assistance under this section, the 
organization or consortium shall demonstrate in the application 
that a portion of the services provided by the organization or 
consortium is supported through non-Federal contributions, 
which may be in cash or in-kind.
  ``(c) Technical Assistance.--The Secretary shall reserve not 
more than 2 percent of the funds appropriated under section 
4306 to carry out this part to provide technical assistance, by 
grant or contract, for the establishment, development, and 
coordination of Statewide Family Engagement Centers.
  ``(d) Rule of Construction.--Nothing in this section shall be 
construed to prohibit a Statewide Family Engagement Center 
from--
          ``(1) having its employees or agents meet with a 
        parent at a site that is not on school grounds; or
          ``(2) working with another agency that serves 
        children.
  ``(e) Parental Rights.--Notwithstanding any other provision 
of this section--
          ``(1) no person (including a parent who educates a 
        child at home, a public school parent, or a private 
        school parent) shall be required to participate in any 
        program of parent education or developmental screening 
        under this section; and
          ``(2) no program or center assisted under this 
        section shall take any action that infringes in any 
        manner on the right of a parent to direct the education 
        of their children.

``SEC. 5705. FAMILY ENGAGEMENT IN INDIAN SCHOOLS.

  ``The Secretary of the Interior, in consultation with the 
Secretary of Education, shall establish, or enter into 
contracts and cooperative agreements with local Indian or 
Indian-serving nonprofit parent organizations to establish and 
operate Family Engagement Centers.

``SEC. 5706. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

  ``There are authorized to be appropriated to carry out this 
part $30,000,000 for fiscal year 2014 and such sums as may be 
necessary for subsequent fiscal years.''.

                TITLE VI--FLEXIBILITY AND ACCOUNTABILITY

SEC. 601. FLEXIBILITY AND ACCOUNTABILITY.

  Title VI (20 U.S.C. 7301 et seq.) is amended in sections 
6113(a) and 6234 by striking ``fiscal year 2002'' and inserting 
``fiscal year 2014'' each place it appears.

    TITLE VII--INDIAN, NATIVE HAWAIIAN, AND ALASKA NATIVE EDUCATION

SEC. 701. IN GENERAL.

  Title VII (20 U.S.C. 7401 et seq.) is amended--
          (1) by striking ``Bureau of Indian Affairs'' each 
        place it appears and inserting ``Bureau of Indian 
        Education'';
          (2) by striking ``No Child Left Behind Act of 2001'' 
        each place it appears and insert ``Student Success 
        Act''; and
          (3) in sections 7152, 7205(c), and 7304(d)(1), by 
        striking ``fiscal year 2002'' each place it appears and 
        inserting ``fiscal year 2014''.

                      Subtitle A--Indian Education

SEC. 711. PURPOSE.

  Section 7102 (20 U.S.C. 7402) is amended to read as follows:

``SEC. 7102. PURPOSE.

  ``It is the purpose of this part to support the efforts of 
local educational agencies, Indian tribes and organizations, 
postsecondary institutions, and other entities--
          ``(1) to ensure the academic achievement of American 
        Indian and Alaska Native students by meeting their 
        unique cultural, language, and educational needs, 
        consistent with section 1111(c);
          ``(2) to ensure that Indian and Alaska Native 
        students gain knowledge and understanding of Native 
        communities, languages, tribal histories, traditions, 
        and cultures; and
          ``(3) to ensure that principals, teachers, and other 
        staff who serve Indian and Alaska Native students have 
        the ability to provide culturally appropriate and 
        effective instruction to such students.''.

          PART 1--FORMULA GRANTS TO LOCAL EDUCATIONAL AGENCIES

SEC. 721. FORMULA GRANT PURPOSE.

  Section 7111 (20 U.S.C. 7421) is amended to read as follows:

``SEC. 7111. PURPOSE.

  ``(a) Purpose.--It is the purpose of this subpart to support 
the efforts of local educational agencies, Indian tribes and 
organizations, postsecondary institutions, and other entities 
to improve the academic achievement of American Indian and 
Alaska Native students by meeting their unique cultural, 
language, and educational needs.
  ``(b) Programs.--This subpart carries out the purpose 
described in subsection (a) by authorizing programs of direct 
assistance for--
          ``(1) meeting the unique educational and culturally 
        related academic needs of Indians and Alaska Natives;
          ``(2) strengthening American Indian, Native Hawaiian, 
        and Alaska Native students' knowledge of their 
        languages, history, traditions, and cultures;
          ``(3) the education of Indian children and adults;
          ``(4) the training of Indian persons as educators and 
        counselors, and in other professions serving Indian 
        people; and
          ``(5) research, evaluation, data collection, and 
        technical assistance.''.

SEC. 722. GRANTS TO LOCAL EDUCATIONAL AGENCIES, TRIBES, AND INDIAN 
                    ORGANIZATIONS.

  Section 7112 (20 U.S.C. 7422) is amended--
          (1) in subsection (a), by striking ``and Indian 
        tribes'' and inserting ``, Indian tribes, and Indian 
        organizations'';
          (2) in subsection (b)(2), by striking ``a 
        reservation'' and inserting ``an Indian reservation''; 
        and
          (3) by striking subsection (c) and inserting the 
        following:
  ``(c) Indian Tribes and Indian Organizations.--
          ``(1) In general.--If a local educational agency that 
        is otherwise eligible for a grant under this subpart 
        does not establish a committee under section 7114(c)(5) 
        for such grant, an Indian tribe, an Indian 
        organization, or a consortium of such entities, that 
        represents more than one-half of the eligible Indian 
        children who are served by such local educational 
        agency may apply for such grant.
          ``(2) Unaffiliated indian tribes.--An Indian tribe 
        that operates a school and is not affiliated with 
        either the local educational agency or the Bureau of 
        Indian Education shall be eligible to apply for a grant 
        under this subpart.
          ``(3) Special rule.--
                  ``(A) In general.--The Secretary shall treat 
                each Indian tribe, Indian organization, or 
                consortium of such entities applying for a 
                grant pursuant to paragraph (1) or (2) as if 
                such tribe, Indian organization, or consortium 
                were a local educational agency for purposes of 
                this subpart.
                  ``(B) Exceptions.--Notwithstanding 
                subparagraph (A), such Indian tribe, Indian 
                organization, or consortium shall not be 
                subject to the requirements of subsections 
                (b)(7) or (c)(5) of section 7114 or section 
                7118(c) or 7119.
          ``(4) Assurance to serve all indian children.--An 
        Indian tribe, Indian organization, or consortium of 
        such entities that is eligible to apply for a grant 
        under paragraph (1) shall include, in the application 
        required under section 7114, an assurance that the 
        entity will use the grant funds to provide services to 
        all Indian students served by the local educational 
        agency.
  ``(d) Indian Community-based Organization.--
          ``(1) In general.--If no local educational agency 
        pursuant to subsection (b), and no Indian tribe, Indian 
        organization, or consortium pursuant to subsection (c), 
        applies for a grant under this subpart, an Indian 
        community-based organization serving the community of 
        the local educational agency may apply for such grant.
          ``(2) Applicability of special rule.--The Secretary 
        shall apply the special rule in subsection (c)(3) to a 
        community-based organization applying or receiving a 
        grant under paragraph (1) in the same manner as such 
        rule applies to an Indian tribe, Indian organization, 
        or consortium.
          ``(3) Definition of indian community-based 
        organization.--In this subsection, the term `Indian 
        community-based organization' means any organization 
        that--
                  ``(A) is composed primarily of Indian parents 
                and community members, tribal government 
                education officials, and tribal members from a 
                specific community;
                  ``(B) assists in the social, cultural, and 
                educational development of Indians in such 
                community;
                  ``(C) meets the unique cultural, language, 
                and academic needs of Indian students; and
                  ``(D) demonstrates organizational capacity to 
                manage the grant.
  ``(e) Consortia.--
          ``(1) In general.--A local educational agency, Indian 
        tribe, or Indian organization that meets the 
        eligibility requirements under this section may form a 
        consortium with other eligible local educational 
        agencies, Indian tribes, or Indian organizations for 
        the purpose of obtaining grants and operating programs 
        under this subpart.
          ``(2) Requirements for local educational agencies in 
        consortia.--In any case where 2 or more local 
        educational agencies that are eligible under subsection 
        (b) form or participate in a consortium to obtain a 
        grant, or operate a program, under this subpart, each 
        local educational agency participating in such a 
        consortium shall--
                  ``(A) provide, in the application submitted 
                under section 7114, an assurance that the 
                eligible Indian children served by such local 
                educational agency will receive the services of 
                the programs funded under this subpart; and
                  ``(B) agree to be subject to all 
                requirements, assurances, and obligations 
                applicable to a local educational agency 
                receiving a grant under this subpart.''.

SEC. 723. AMOUNT OF GRANTS.

  Section 7113(b) (20 U.S.C. 7423(b)) is amended--
          (1) in paragraph (1), by striking ``$3,000'' and 
        inserting ``$10,000'';
          (2) by striking paragraph (2) and redesignating 
        paragraph (3) as paragraph (2); and
          (3) in paragraph (2), as so redesignated, by striking 
        ``$4,000'' and inserting ``$15,000''.

SEC. 724. APPLICATIONS.

  (a) In General.--Section 7114 (20 U.S.C. 7424) is amended--
          (1) in subsection (b)--
                  (A) in paragraph (2)--
                          (i) in subparagraph (A)--
                                  (I) by striking ``is 
                                consistent with'' and inserting 
                                ``supports''; and
                                  (II) by inserting ``, 
                                tribal,'' after ``State''; and
                          (ii) in subparagraph (B), by striking 
                        ``such goals'' and all that follows 
                        through the semicolon at the end and 
                        inserting ``such goals, to ensure such 
                        students meet the same college and 
                        career ready State academic achievement 
                        standards under section 1111(b) for all 
                        children;'';
                  (B) in paragraph (5)--
                          (i) in subparagraph (A), by striking 
                        ``and'' after the semicolon; and
                          (ii) by adding at the end the 
                        following:
                  ``(C) the parents of Indian children, and 
                representatives of Indian tribes, on the 
                committee described in subsection (c)(5) will 
                participate in the planning of the professional 
                development materials;'';
                  (C) in paragraph (6)--
                          (i) in subparagraph (B)--
                                  (I) by adding at the end the 
                                following:
                          ``(iii) the Indian tribes whose 
                        children are served by the local 
                        educational agency; and''; and
                          (ii) in subparagraph (C), by striking 
                        the period at the end and inserting ``; 
                        and''; and
                  (D) by adding at the end the following:
          ``(7) describes--
                  ``(A) the formal process the local 
                educational agency used to collaborate with 
                Indian tribes located in the community in the 
                development of the comprehensive programs; and
                  ``(B) the actions taken as a result of the 
                collaboration.'';
          (2) in subsection (c)--
                  (A) in paragraph (2), by adding at the end 
                the following:
                  ``(A) determine the extent to which such 
                activities address the unique cultural, 
                language, and educational needs of Indian 
                students;'';
                  (B) in paragraph (3)(C), by inserting 
                ``representatives of Indian tribes with 
                reservations located within 50 miles of any of 
                the schools that have Indian children in any 
                such school,'' after ``Indian children and 
                teachers'';
                  (C) in paragraph (4)(A)--
                          (i) by redesignating clauses (ii) and 
                        (iii) as clauses (iii) and (iv), 
                        respectively; and
                          (ii) by inserting the following after 
                        clause (i):
                          ``(ii) representatives of Indian 
                        tribes with reservations located within 
                        50 miles of any of the schools that 
                        have children in any such school;''.
                  (D) in subparagraph (4)(B), by adding ``or 
                representatives of Indian tribes described in 
                subparagraph (A)(ii)'' after ``children''; and
                  (E) in subparagraph (4)(D)--
                          (i) by striking ``; and'' at the end 
                        of clause (i); and
                          (ii) by adding at the end the 
                        following:
                          ``(iii) determined that the program 
                        will directly enhance the educational 
                        experience of Indian and Alaska Native 
                        students; and''; and
          (3) by adding at the end the following:
  ``(d) Outreach.--The Secretary shall monitor the applications 
for grants under this subpart to identify eligible local 
educational agencies and schools operated by the Bureau of 
Indian Education that have not applied for such grants, and 
shall undertake appropriate outreach activities to encourage 
and assist eligible entities to submit applications for such 
grants.''.

SEC. 725. AUTHORIZED SERVICES AND ACTIVITIES.

  Section 7115 (20 U.S.C. 7425) is amended--
          (1) in subsection (b)--
                  (A) by inserting before paragraph (2) the 
                following:
          ``(1) activities that support Native American 
        language immersion programs and Native American 
        language restoration programs,'';
                  (B) in paragraph (3), by striking 
                ``challenging State academic content and 
                student academic achievement standards'' and 
                inserting ``college and career ready State 
                academic content and student academic 
                achievement standards under section 1111(b)'';
                  (C) by striking paragraph (4) and inserting 
                the following:
          ``(4) integrated educational services in combination 
        with other programs to meet the unique needs of Indian 
        children and their families, including programs that 
        promote parental involvement--
                  ``(A) in school activities; and
                  ``(B) to increase student achievement;'';
                  (D) in paragraph (11) by striking everything 
                after ``children''; and
          (2) in subsection (c) by adding at the end the 
        following:
          ``(3) the local educational agency identifies in its 
        application how the use of such funds in a schoolwide 
        program will produce benefits to the Indian students 
        that would not be achieved if the funds were not used 
        in a schoolwide program.''.

SEC. 726. STUDENT ELIGIBILITY FORMS.

  Section 7117(e) (20 U.S.C. 7427(e)) is amended to read as 
follows:
  ``(e) Documentation and Types of Proof.--
          ``(1) Types of proof.--For purposes of determining 
        whether a child is eligible to be counted for the 
        purpose of computing the amount of a grant award under 
        section 7113, the membership of the child, or any 
        parent or grandparent of the child, in a tribe or band 
        of Indians (as so defined) may be established by proof 
        other than an enrollment number, notwithstanding the 
        availability of an enrollment number for a member of 
        such tribe or band. Nothing in subsection (b) shall be 
        construed to require the furnishing of an enrollment 
        number.
          ``(2) No new or duplicate determinations.--Once a 
        child is determined to be an Indian eligible to be 
        counted for such grant award, the local educational 
        agency shall maintain a record of such determination 
        and shall not require a new or duplicate determination 
        to be made for such child for a subsequent application 
        for a grant under this subpart.
          ``(3) Previously filed forms.--An Indian student 
        eligibility form that was on file as required by this 
        section on the day before the date of enactment of the 
        Student Success Act and that met the requirements of 
        this section, as this section was in effect on the day 
        before the date of enactment of such Act, shall remain 
        valid for such Indian student.''.

SEC. 727. TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE.

  Subpart 1 of part A of title VII is amended by adding at the 
end the following new section:

``SEC. 7120. TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE.

  ``The Secretary shall, directly or through contract, provide 
technical assistance to a local educational agency upon 
request, in addition to any technical assistance available 
under section 1116 or available through the Institute of 
Education Sciences, to support the services and activities 
described under this section, including for the--
          ``(1) development of applications under this section;
          ``(2) improvement in the quality of implementation, 
        content of activities, and evaluation of activities 
        supported under this subpart;
          ``(3) integration of activities under this title with 
        other educational activities established by the local 
        educational agency; and
          ``(4) coordination of activities under this title 
        with programs administered by each Federal agency 
        providing grants for the provision of educational and 
        related services.''.

     PART 2--SPECIAL PROGRAMS AND PROJECTS TO IMPROVE EDUCATIONAL 
                   OPPORTUNITIES FOR INDIAN CHILDREN

SEC. 731. PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT FOR TEACHERS AND EDUCATION 
                    PROFESSIONALS.

  Section 7122 (20 U.S.C. 7442) is amended--
          (1) in subsection (a), by striking paragraphs (1) and 
        (2) and inserting the following:
          ``(1) to increase the number of qualified and 
        effective Indian teachers and administrators serving 
        Indian students;
          ``(2) to provide training to qualified Indian 
        individuals to become teachers, administrators, social 
        workers, and other educators; and'';
          (2) by striking subsection (e) and inserting the 
        following:
  ``(e) Application.--Each eligible entity desiring a grant 
under this section shall submit an application to the Secretary 
at such time, in such manner, and accompanied by such 
information, as the Secretary may reasonably require. At a 
minimum, an application under this section shall describe how 
the eligible entity will--
          ``(1) recruit qualified Indian individuals, such as 
        students who may not be of traditional college age, to 
        become teachers or principals;
          ``(2) use funds made available under the grant to 
        support the recruitment, preparation, and professional 
        development of Indian teachers or principals in local 
        educational agencies that serve a high proportion of 
        Indian students; and
          ``(3) assist participants in meeting the requirements 
        under subsection (h).''; and
          (4) by striking subsection (g) and inserting the 
        following:
  ``(g) Grant Period.--The Secretary shall award grants under 
this section for an initial period of not more than 3 years, 
and may renew such grants for not more than an additional 2 
years if the Secretary finds that the grantee is achieving the 
objectives of the grant.''.

                      PART 3--NATIONAL ACTIVITIES

SEC. 741. NATIONAL ACTIVITIES.

  Section 7131(c)(2) (20 U.S.C. 7451(c)(2)) is amended by 
striking ``Office of Indian Education Programs'' and inserting 
``Bureau of Indian Education''.

SEC. 742. IMPROVEMENT OF ACADEMIC SUCCESS FOR STUDENTS THROUGH NATIVE 
                    AMERICAN LANGUAGE.

  Subpart 3 of part A of title VII (20 U.S.C. 7451 et seq.) is 
amended by striking sections 7132 through 7136 and inserting 
the following:

``SEC. 7132. IMPROVEMENT OF ACADEMIC SUCCESS FOR STUDENTS THROUGH 
                    NATIVE AMERICAN LANGUAGE.

  ``(a) Purpose.--It is the purpose of this section to improve 
educational opportunities and academic achievement of Indian 
and Alaska Native students through Native American language 
programs and to foster the acquisition of Native American 
language.
  ``(b) Definition of Eligible Entity.--In this section, the 
term `eligible entity' means a State educational agency, local 
educational agency, Indian tribe, Indian organization, 
federally supported elementary school or secondary school for 
Indian students, Indian institution (including an Indian 
institution of higher education), or a consortium of such 
entities.
  ``(c) Grants Authorized.--The Secretary shall award grants to 
eligible entities to enable such entities to carry out the 
following activities:
          ``(1) Native American language programs that--
                  ``(A) provide instruction through the use of 
                a Native American language for not less than 10 
                children for an average of not less than 500 
                hours per year per student;
                  ``(B) provide for the involvement of parents, 
                caregivers, and families of students enrolled 
                in the program;
                  ``(C) utilize, and may include the 
                development of, instructional courses and 
                materials for learning Native American 
                languages and for instruction through the use 
                of Native American languages;
                  ``(D) provide support for professional 
                development activities; and
                  ``(E) include a goal of all students 
                achieving--
                          ``(i) fluency in a Native American 
                        language; and
                          ``(ii) academic proficiency in 
                        mathematics, English, reading or 
                        language arts, and science.
          ``(2) Native American language restoration programs 
        that--
                  ``(A) provide instruction in not less than 1 
                Native American language;
                  ``(B) provide support for professional 
                development activities for teachers of Native 
                American languages;
                  ``(C) develop instructional materials for the 
                programs; and
                  ``(D) include the goal of increasing 
                proficiency and fluency in not less than 1 
                Native American language.
  ``(d) Application.--
          ``(1) In general.--An eligible entity that desires to 
        receive a grant under this section shall submit an 
        application to the Secretary at such time, in such 
        manner, and accompanied by such information as the 
        Secretary may require.
          ``(2) Certification.--An eligible entity that submits 
        an application for a grant to carry out the activity 
        specified in subsection (c)(1), shall include in such 
        application a certification that assures that such 
        entity has experience and a demonstrated record of 
        effectiveness in operating and administering a Native 
        American language program or any other educational 
        program in which instruction is conducted in a Native 
        American language.
  ``(e) Grant Duration.--The Secretary shall award grants under 
this section for an initial period of not more than 3 years, 
and may renew such grants for not more than an additional 2 
years if the Secretary finds that the grantee is achieving the 
objectives of the grant.
  ``(f) Definition.--In this section, the term `average' means 
the aggregate number of hours of instruction through the use of 
a Native American language to all students enrolled in a Native 
American language program during a school year divided by the 
total number of students enrolled in the program.
  ``(g) Administrative Costs.--
          ``(1) In general.--Except as provided in paragraph 
        (2), not more than 5 percent of the funds provided to a 
        grantee under this section for any fiscal year may be 
        used for administrative purposes.
          ``(2) Exception.--An elementary school or secondary 
        school for Indian students that receives funds from a 
        recipient of a grant under subsection (c) for any 
        fiscal year may use not more than 10 percent of the 
        funds for administrative purposes.

``SEC. 7133. IMPROVING STATE AND TRIBAL EDUCATION AGENCY COLLABORATION.

  ``The Secretary, in consultation with the Director of the 
Bureau of Indian Education, shall conduct a study of the 
relationship among State educational agencies, local 
educational agencies, and other relevant State and local 
agencies, and tribes or tribal representatives to--
          ``(1) identify examples of best practices in 
        collaboration among those entities that result in the 
        provision of better services to Indian students; and
          ``(2) provide recommendations on--
                  ``(A) State educational agency functions that 
                tribal educational agencies could perform;
                  ``(B) areas and agency functions in which 
                greater State educational agency and tribal 
                education agency collaboration is needed; and
                  ``(C) other steps to reducing barriers to 
                serving Indian students, especially such 
                students who are at risk of academic 
                failure.''.

     Subtitle B--Native Hawaiian Education; Alaska Native Education

SEC. 751. NATIVE HAWAIIAN EDUCATION AND ALASKA NATIVE EDUCATION.

  Title VII (20 U.S.C. 7401 et seq.) is amended--
          (1) in the heading of part B, by inserting ``; ALASKA 
        NATIVE EDUCATION'' after ``NATIVE HAWAIIAN EDUCATION''; 
        and
          (2) by inserting before section 7201 the following:

               ``Subpart 1--Native Hawaiian Education''.

SEC. 752. FINDINGS.

  Section 7202 (20 U.S.C. 7512) is amended to read as follows:

``SEC. 7202. FINDINGS.

  ``Congress finds the following:
          ``(1) Native Hawaiians are a distinct and unique 
        indigenous people with a historical continuity to the 
        original inhabitants of the Hawaiian archipelago, whose 
        society was organized as a nation and internationally 
        recognized as a nation by the United States, and many 
        other countries.
          ``(2) Native Hawaiians have a cultural, historic, and 
        land-based link to the indigenous people who exercised 
        sovereignty over the Hawaiian Islands.
          ``(3) The political status of Native Hawaiians is 
        comparable to that of American Indians and Alaska 
        Natives.
          ``(4) The political relationship between the United 
        States and the Native Hawaiian people has been 
        recognized and reaffirmed by the United States, as 
        evidenced by the inclusion of Native Hawaiians in many 
        Federal statutes, including--
                  ``(A) the Native American Programs Act of 
                1974 (42 U.S.C. 2991 et seq.);
                  ``(B) Public Law 95-341 (commonly known as 
                the `American Indian Religious Freedom Act' (42 
                U.S.C. 1996));
                  ``(C) the National Museum of the American 
                Indian Act (20 U.S.C. 80q et seq.);
                  ``(D) the Native American Graves Protection 
                and Repatriation Act (25 U.S.C. 3001 et seq.);
                  ``(E) the National Historic Preservation Act 
                (16 U.S.C. 470 et seq.);
                  ``(F) the Native American Languages Act (25 
                U.S.C. 2901 et seq.);
                  ``(G) the American Indian, Alaska Native, and 
                Native Hawaiian Culture and Art Development Act 
                (20 U.S.C. 4401 et seq.);
                  ``(H) the Workforce Investment Act of 1998 
                (29 U.S.C. 2801 et seq.); and
                  ``(I) the Older Americans Act of 1965 (42 
                U.S.C. 3001 et seq.).
          ``(5) Many Native Hawaiian students lag behind other 
        students in terms of--
                  ``(A) school readiness factors;
                  ``(B) scoring below national norms on 
                education achievement tests at all grade 
                levels;
                  ``(C) underrepresentation in the uppermost 
                achievement levels and in gifted and talented 
                programs;
                  ``(D) overrepresentation among students 
                qualifying for special education programs;
                  ``(E) underrepresentation in institutions of 
                higher education and among adults who have 
                completed 4 or more years of college.
          ``(6) The percentage of Native Hawaiian students 
        served by the State of Hawaii Department of Education 
        rose 30 percent from 1980 to 2008, and there are and 
        will continue to be geographically rural, isolated 
        areas with a high Native Hawaiian population density.
          ``(7) The Native Hawaiian people are determined to 
        preserve, develop, and transmit to future generations 
        their ancestral territory and their cultural identity 
        in accordance with their own spiritual and traditional 
        beliefs, customs, practices, language, and social 
        institutions.''.

SEC. 753. PURPOSES.

  Section 7203 (20 U.S.C. 7513) is amended to read as follows:

``SEC. 7203. PURPOSES.

  ``The purposes of this part are--
          ``(1) to develop, implement, assess, and evaluate 
        innovative educational programs to improve the academic 
        achievement of Native Hawaiian students by meeting 
        their unique cultural and language needs in order to 
        help such students meet State academic content and 
        achievement standards as described in section 1111(b);
          ``(2) to provide guidance to appropriate Federal, 
        State, and local agencies to more effectively and 
        efficiently focus resources, including resources made 
        available under this part, on the development and 
        implementation of--
                  ``(A) innovative educational programs for 
                Native Hawaiians;
                  ``(B) rigorous and substantive Native 
                Hawaiian language programs; and
                  ``(C) Native Hawaiian culture-based 
                educational programs; and
          ``(3) to create a system by which information from 
        programs funded under this part will be collected, 
        analyzed, evaluated, reported, and used in 
        decisionmaking activities regarding the types of grants 
        awarded under this part.''.

SEC. 754. NATIVE HAWAIIAN EDUCATION COUNCIL GRANT.

  Section 7204 (20 U.S.C. 7514) is amended to read as follows:

``SEC. 7204. NATIVE HAWAIIAN EDUCATION COUNCIL GRANT.

  ``(a) Grant Authorized.--In order to carry out the purposes 
of this part the Secretary shall award a grant to an education 
council, as described under subsection (b).
  ``(b) Education Council.--
          ``(1) Eligibility.--To be eligible to receive the 
        grant under subsection (a), the council shall be an 
        education council (referred to in this section as the 
        `Education Council') that meets the requirements of 
        this subsection.
          ``(2) Composition.--The Education Council shall 
        consist of 15 members of whom--
                  ``(A) 1 shall be the President of the 
                University of Hawaii (or a designee);
                  ``(B) 1 shall be the Governor of the State of 
                Hawaii (or a designee);
                  ``(C) 1 shall be the Superintendent of the 
                State of Hawaii Department of Education (or a 
                designee);
                  ``(D) 1 shall be the chairperson of the 
                Office of Hawaiian Affairs (or a designee);
                  ``(E) 1 shall be the executive director of 
                Hawaii's Charter School Network (or a 
                designee);
                  ``(F) 1 shall be the chief executive officer 
                of the Kamehameha Schools (or a designee);
                  ``(G) 1 shall be the chairperson of the Queen 
                Liliuokalani Trust (or a designee);
                  ``(H) 1 shall be a member, selected by the 
                other members of the Education Council, who 
                represents a private grant-making entity;
                  ``(I) 1 shall be the Mayor of the County of 
                Hawaii (or a designee);
                  ``(J) 1 shall be the Mayor of Maui County (or 
                a designee from the Island of Maui);
                  ``(K) 1 shall be the Mayor of the County of 
                Kauai (or a designee);
                  ``(L) 1 shall be appointed by the Mayor of 
                Maui County from the Island of either Molokai 
                or Lanai;
                  ``(M) 1 shall be the Mayor of the City and 
                County of Honolulu (or a designee);
                  ``(N) 1 shall be the chairperson of the 
                Hawaiian Homes Commission (or a designee); and
                  ``(O) 1 shall be the chairperson of the 
                Hawaii Workforce Development Council (or a 
                designee representing the private sector).
          ``(3) Requirements.--Any designee serving on the 
        Education Council shall demonstrate, as determined by 
        the individual who appointed such designee with input 
        from the Native Hawaiian community, not less than 5 
        years of experience as a consumer or provider of Native 
        Hawaiian education or cultural activities, with 
        traditional cultural experience given due 
        consideration.
          ``(4) Limitation.--A member (including a designee), 
        while serving on the Education Council, shall not be a 
        recipient of grant funds that are awarded under this 
        part.
          ``(5) Term of members.--A member who is a designee 
        shall serve for a term of not more than 4 years.
          ``(6) Chair, vice chair.--
                  ``(A) Selection.--The Education Council shall 
                select a Chair and a Vice Chair from among the 
                members of the Education Council.
                  ``(B) Term limits.--The Chair and Vice Chair 
                shall each serve for a 2-year term.
          ``(7) Administrative provisions relating to education 
        council.--The Education Council shall meet at the call 
        of the Chair of the Council, or upon request by a 
        majority of the members of the Education Council, but 
        in any event not less often than every 120 days.
          ``(8) No compensation.--None of the funds made 
        available through the grant may be used to provide 
        compensation to any member of the Education Council or 
        member of a working group established by the Education 
        Council, for functions described in this section.
  ``(c) Use of Funds.--The Education Council shall use funds 
made available through the grant to carry out each of the 
following activities:
          ``(1) Providing advice about the coordination of, and 
        serving as a clearinghouse for, the educational 
        services and programs for Native Hawaiians.
          ``(2) Providing direction and guidance, such as 
        through the issuance of reports and recommendations, to 
        appropriate Federal, State, and local agencies in order 
        to focus and improve the use of resources relating to 
        Native Hawaiian education.
          ``(3) provide technical assistance to Native Hawaiian 
        organizations that are grantees or potential grantees 
        under this part;
          ``(4) assessing and evaluating the individual and 
        aggregate impact of grants and activities funded under 
        this part and how well they meet the needs of Native 
        Hawaiians, including information and data about--
                  ``(A) the effectiveness of such grantees in 
                meeting the educational priorities established 
                by the Education Council, as described in 
                paragraph (6)(D), using metrics related to 
                these priorities; and
                  ``(B) the effectiveness of such grantees in 
                carrying out any of the activities described in 
                section 7205(c) that are related to the 
                specific goals and purposes of each grantee's 
                grant project, using metrics related to these 
                priorities;
          ``(5) assess and define the educational needs of 
        Native Hawaiians; and
          ``(6) may use funds to hire an executive director to 
        enable the Council to carry out the activities 
        described in this subsection.
  ``(e) Use of Funds for Community Consultations.--The 
Education Council shall use funds made available though the 
grant under subsection (a) to hold not less than 1 community 
consultation each year on each of the islands of Hawaii, Maui, 
Molokai, Lanai, Oahu, and Kauai, at which--
          ``(1) not less than 3 members of the Education 
        Council shall be in attendance;
          ``(2) the Education Council shall gather community 
        input regarding--
                  ``(A) current grantees under this part, as of 
                the date of the consultation;
                  ``(B) priorities and needs of Native 
                Hawaiians; and
                  ``(C) other Native Hawaiian education issues; 
                and
          ``(3) the Education Council shall report to the 
        community on the outcomes of the activities supported 
        by grants awarded under this part.
  ``(f) Reports.--
          ``(1) Annual education council report.--The Education 
        Council shall use funds made available through the 
        grant under this section to prepare and submit to the 
        Secretary, before the end of each calendar year, annual 
        reports that contain--
                  ``(A) a description of the activities of the 
                Education Council during the preceding calendar 
                year;
                  ``(B) recommendations of the Education 
                Council, if any, regarding priorities to be 
                established under section 7205(b);
                  ``(C) significant barriers to achieving the 
                goals under this subpart;
                  ``(D) a summary of each community 
                consultation session, as described in 
                subsection (d); and
                  ``(E) recommendations to establish funding 
                priorities based on an assessment of--
                          ``(i) the educational needs of Native 
                        Hawaiians;
                          ``(ii) programs and services 
                        currently available to address such 
                        needs, including the effectiveness of 
                        such programs in improving educational 
                        performance of Native Hawaiians; and
                          ``(iii) priorities for funding in 
                        specific geographic communities.
          ``(2) Report by the secretary.--Not later than 2 
        years after the date of enactment of the Student 
        Success Act, the Secretary shall prepare and submit to 
        the Committee on Indian Affairs of the Senate and the 
        authorizing committees a report that--
                  ``(A) summarizes the annual reports of the 
                Education Council;
                  ``(B) describes the allocation and use of 
                funds under this subpart and the information 
                gathered since the first annual report 
                submitted by the Education Council to the 
                Secretary under this section; and
                  ``(C) contains recommendations for changes in 
                Federal, State, and local policy to advance the 
                purposes of this subpart.
  ``(g) Funding.--For each fiscal year, the Secretary shall use 
the amount described in section 7206(d)(2), to make a payment 
under the grant. Funds made available through the grant shall 
remain available until expended.''.

SEC. 755. GRANT PROGRAM AUTHORIZED.

  Section 7205 (20 U.S.C. 7515 et seq.) is amended to read as 
follows:

``SEC. 7205. GRANT PROGRAM AUTHORIZED.

  ``(a) Grants and Contracts.--In order to carry out programs 
that meet the purposes of this part, the Secretary is 
authorized to award grants to, or enter into contracts with--
          ``(1) Native Hawaiian educational organizations;
          ``(2) Native Hawaiian community-based organizations;
          ``(3) public and private nonprofit organizations, 
        agencies, and institutions with experience in 
        developing or operating Native Hawaiian education and 
        workforce development programs or programs of 
        instruction in the Native Hawaiian language;
          ``(4) charter schools; or
          ``(5) consortia of the organizations, agencies, and 
        institutions described in paragraphs (1) through (4).
  ``(b) Priority.--In awarding grants and entering into 
contracts under this part, the Secretary shall give priority 
to--
          ``(1) programs that meet the educational priority 
        recommendations of the Education Council, as described 
        under section 7204(d)(6)(E);
          ``(2) programs designed to improve the academic 
        achievement of Native Hawaiian students by meeting 
        their unique cultural and language needs in order to 
        help such students meet State academic content and 
        achievement standards as described in Section 1111(b) 
        including the use of Native Hawaiian language and 
        preservation or reclamation of Native Hawaiian culture-
        based educational practices; and
          ``(3) programs in which a local educational agency, 
        institution of higher education, or a State educational 
        agency apply for a grant or contract as part of a 
        partnership or consortium with a nonprofit entity 
        serving underserved communities within the Native 
        Hawaiian population.
  ``(c) Authorized Activities.--Activities provided through 
programs carried out under this part may include--
          ``(1) the development and maintenance of a statewide 
        Native Hawaiian early education system to provide a 
        continuum of high-quality early learning services for 
        Native Hawaiian children;
          ``(2) the operation of family-based education centers 
        that provide such services as--
                  ``(A) programs for Native Hawaiian parents 
                and students;
                  ``(B) early education programs for Native 
                Hawaiians; and
                  ``(C) research on, and development and 
                assessment of, family-based, early childhood, 
                and preschool programs for Native Hawaiians;
          ``(3) activities that enhance beginning reading and 
        literacy in either the Hawaiian or the English language 
        among Native Hawaiian students;
          ``(4) activities to meet the special needs of Native 
        Hawaiian students with disabilities, including--
                  ``(A) the identification of such students and 
                their needs;
                  ``(B) the provision of support services to 
                the families of such students; and
                  ``(C) other activities consistent with the 
                requirements of the Individuals with 
                Disabilities Education Act;
          ``(5) activities that address the special needs of 
        Native Hawaiian students who are gifted and talented, 
        including--
                  ``(A) educational, psychological, and 
                developmental activities designed to assist in 
                the educational progress of such students; and
                  ``(B) activities that involve the parents of 
                such students in a manner designed to assist in 
                the educational progress of such students;
          ``(6) the development of academic and vocational 
        curricula to address the needs of Native Hawaiian 
        students, including curricular materials in the 
        Hawaiian language and mathematics and science curricula 
        that incorporate Native Hawaiian tradition and culture;
          ``(7) professional development activities for 
        educators, including--
                  ``(A) the development of programs to prepare 
                prospective teachers to address the unique 
                needs of Native Hawaiian students within the 
                context of Native Hawaiian culture, language, 
                and traditions;
                  ``(B) in-service programs to improve the 
                ability of teachers who teach in schools with 
                high concentrations of Native Hawaiian students 
                to meet the unique needs of such students; and
                  ``(C) the recruitment and preparation of 
                Native Hawaiians, and other individuals who 
                live in communities with a high concentration 
                of Native Hawaiians, to become teachers;
          ``(8) the operation of community-based learning 
        centers that address the needs of Native Hawaiian 
        students, parents, families, and communities through 
        the coordination of public and private programs and 
        services, including--
                  ``(A) early education programs;
                  ``(B) before, after, and Summer school 
                programs, expanded learning time, or weekend 
                academies;
                  ``(C) career and technical education 
                programs; and
                  ``(D) programs that recognize and support the 
                unique cultural and educational needs of Native 
                Hawaiian children, and incorporate 
                appropriately qualified Native Hawaiian elders 
                and seniors;
          ``(9) activities, including program co-location, that 
        ensure Native Hawaiian students graduate college and 
        career ready including--
                  ``(A) family literacy services;
                  ``(B) counseling, guidance, and support 
                services for students; and
                  ``(C) professional development activities 
                designed to help educators improve the college 
                and career readiness of Native Hawaiian 
                students;
          ``(10) research and data collection activities to 
        determine the educational status and needs of Native 
        Hawaiian children and adults;
          ``(11) other research and evaluation activities 
        related to programs carried out under this part; and
          ``(12) other activities, consistent with the purposes 
        of this part, to meet the educational needs of Native 
        Hawaiian children and adults.
  ``(d) Additional Activities.--Notwithstanding any other 
provision of this part, funds made available to carry out this 
section as of the day before the date of enactment of the 
Student Success Act shall remain available until expended. The 
Secretary may use such funds to support the following:
          ``(1) The repair and renovation of public schools 
        that serve high concentrations of Native Hawaiian 
        students.
          ``(2) The perpetuation of, and expansion of access 
        to, Hawaiian culture and history, such as through 
        digital archives.
          ``(3) Informal education programs that promote 
        traditional Hawaiian knowledge, science, astronomy, and 
        the environment through State museums or learning 
        centers.
          ``(4) Public charter schools serving high 
        concentrations of Native Hawaiian students.
  ``(e) Administrative Costs.--
          ``(1) In general.--Except as provided in paragraph 
        (2), not more than 5 percent of funds provided to a 
        recipient of a grant or contract under this section for 
        any fiscal year may be used for administrative 
        purposes.
          ``(2) Exception.--The Secretary may waive the 
        requirement of paragraph (1) for a nonprofit entity 
        that receives funding under this section and allow not 
        more than 10 percent of funds provided to such 
        nonprofit entity under this section for any fiscal year 
        to be used for administrative purposes.''.

SEC. 756. ADMINISTRATIVE PROVISIONS; AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

  Section 7206 (20 U.S.C. 7516) is amended to read as follows:

``SEC. 7206. ADMINISTRATIVE PROVISIONS.

  ``(a) Application Required.--No grant may be made under this 
part, and no contract may be entered into under this part, 
unless the entity seeking the grant or contract submits an 
application to the Secretary at such time, in such manner, and 
containing such information as the Secretary may determine to 
be necessary to carry out the provisions of this part.
  ``(b) Direct Grant Applications.--The Secretary shall provide 
a copy of all direct grant applications to the Education 
Council.
  ``(c) Supplement Not Supplant.--
          ``(1) In general.--Except as provided in paragraph 
        (2), funds made available under this part shall be used 
        to supplement, and not supplant, any State or local 
        funds used to achieve the purposes of this part.
          ``(2) Exception.--Paragraph (1) shall not apply to 
        any nonprofit entity or Native Hawaiian community-based 
        organization that receives a grant or other funds under 
        this part.
  ``(d) Authorization of Appropriations.--
          ``(1) In general.--There are authorized to be 
        appropriated to carry out this section, and sections 
        7204 and 7205, such sums as may be necessary for fiscal 
        year 2014 and each of the 5 succeeding fiscal years.
          ``(2) Reservation.--Of the funds appropriated under 
        this subsection, the Secretary shall reserve, for each 
        fiscal year after the date of enactment of the Student 
        Success Act not less than $500,000 for the grant to the 
        Education Council under section 7204.
          ``(3) Availability.--Funds appropriated under this 
        subsection shall remain available until expended.''.

SEC. 757. DEFINITIONS.

  Section 7207 (20 U.S.C. 7517) is amended--
          (1) by redesignating paragraphs (1) through (6) as 
        paragraphs (2) through (7), respectively; and
          (2) by inserting before paragraph (2) (as 
        redesignated by paragraph (1)) the following:
          ``(1) Community consultation.--The term `community 
        consultation' means a public gathering--
                  ``(A) to discuss Native Hawaiian education 
                concerns; and
                  ``(B) about which the public has been given 
                not less than 30 days notice.''.

                         TITLE VIII--IMPACT AID

SEC. 801. PURPOSE.

  Section 8001 (20 U.S.C. 7701) is amended by striking 
``challenging State standards'' and inserting ``State academic 
standards''.

SEC. 802. PAYMENTS RELATING TO FEDERAL ACQUISITION OF REAL PROPERTY.

  Section 8002 (20 U.S.C. 7702) is amended--
          (1) in subsection (b)(1)(B), by striking ``section 
        8014(a)'' and inserting ``section 3(d)(1)''; and
          (2) by amending subsection (f) to read as follows:
  ``(f) Special Rule.--Beginning with fiscal year 2014, a local 
educational agency shall be deemed to meet the requirements of 
subsection (a)(1)(C) if records to determine eligibility under 
such subsection were destroyed prior to fiscal year 2000 and 
the agency received funds under subsection (b) in the previous 
year.'';
          (3) by amending subsection (g) to read as follows:
  ``(g) Former Districts.--
          ``(1) Consolidations.--For fiscal year 2006 and each 
        succeeding fiscal year, if a local educational agency 
        described in paragraph (2) is formed at any time after 
        1938 by the consolidation of two or more former school 
        districts, the local educational agency may elect to 
        have the Secretary determine its eligibility and any 
        amount for which the local educational agency is 
        eligible under this section for such fiscal year on the 
        basis of one or more of those former districts, as 
        designated by the local educational agency.
          ``(2) Eligible local educational agencies.--A local 
        educational agency described in this paragraph is--
                  ``(A) any local educational agency that, for 
                fiscal year 1994 or any preceding fiscal year, 
                applied for, and was determined to be eligible 
                under section 2(c) of the Act of September 30, 
                1950 (Public Law 874, 81st Congress) as that 
                section was in effect for that fiscal year; or
                  ``(B) a local educational agency formed by 
                the consolidation of 2 or more school 
                districts, at least one of which was eligible 
                for assistance under this section for the 
                fiscal year preceding the year of the 
                consolidation, if--
                          ``(i) for fiscal years 2006 through 
                        2013, the local educational agency 
                        notifies the Secretary not later than 
                        30 days after the date of enactment of 
                        the Student Success Act of the 
                        designation described in paragraph (1); 
                        and
                          ``(ii) for fiscal year 2014, and each 
                        subsequent fiscal year, the local 
                        educational agency includes the 
                        designation in its application under 
                        section 8005 or any timely amendment to 
                        such application.
          ``(3) Availability of funds.--Notwithstanding any 
        other provision of law limiting the period during which 
        the Secretary may obligate funds appropriated for any 
        fiscal year after fiscal year 2005, the Secretary may 
        obligate funds remaining after final payments have been 
        made for any of such fiscal years to carry out this 
        subsection.'';
          (4) in subsection (h)--
                  (A) in paragraph (2)--
                          (i) in subparagraph (C)(ii), by 
                        striking ``section 8014(a)'' and 
                        inserting ``section 3(d)(1)''; and
                          (ii) in subparagraph (D), by striking 
                        ``section 8014(a)'' and inserting 
                        ``section 3(d)(1)''; and
                  (B) in paragraph (4), by striking ``Impact 
                Aid Improvement Act of 2012'' and inserting 
                ``Student Success Act'';
          (5) by repealing subsection (k);
          (6) by redesignating subsection (l) as subsection 
        (k);
          (7) by amending subsection (k) (as so redesignated) 
        by striking ``(h)(4)(B)'' and inserting ``(h)(2)'';
          (8) by repealing subsection (m); and
          (9) by redesignating subsection (n) as subsection 
        (j).

SEC. 803. PAYMENTS FOR ELIGIBLE FEDERALLY CONNECTED CHILDREN.

  (a) Computation of Payment.--Section 8003(a) (20 U.S.C. 
7703(a)) is amended--
          (1) in the matter preceding subparagraph (A) of 
        paragraph (1), by inserting after ``schools of such 
        agency'' the following: ``(including those children 
        enrolled in such agency as a result of the open 
        enrollment policy of the State in which the agency is 
        located, but not including children who are enrolled in 
        a distance education program at such agency and who are 
        not residing within the geographic boundaries of such 
        agency)''; and
          (2) in paragraph (5)(A), by striking ``1984'' and all 
        that follows through ``situated'' and inserting ``1984, 
        or under lease of off-base property under subchapter IV 
        of chapter 169 of title 10, United States Code, to be 
        children described under paragraph (1)(B) if the 
        property described is within the fenced security 
        perimeter of the military facility or attached to and 
        under any type of force protection agreement with the 
        military installation upon which such housing is 
        situated.''
  (b) Basic Support Payments for Heavily Impacted Local 
Educational Agencies.--Section 8003(b) (20 U.S.C. 7703(b)) is 
amended--
          (1) by striking ``section 8014(b)'' each place it 
        appears and inserting ``section 3(d)(2)'';
          (2) in paragraph (1), by repealing subparagraph (E);
          (3) in paragraph (2)--
                  (A) in subparagraph (A), by inserting at the 
                end the following:
                          ``(iii) The Secretary shall--
                                  ``(I) deem each local 
                                educational agency that 
                                received a basic support 
                                payment under this paragraph 
                                for fiscal year 2009 as 
                                eligible to receive a basic 
                                support payment under this 
                                paragraph for each of fiscal 
                                years 2012, 2013, and 2014; and
                                  ``(II) make a payment to each 
                                such local educational agency 
                                under this paragraph for each 
                                of fiscal years 2012, 2013, and 
                                2014.''; and
                  (B) in subparagraph (B)--
                          (i) by striking ``continuing'' in the 
                        heading;
                          (ii) by amending clause (i) to read 
                        as follows:
                          ``(i) In general.--A heavily impacted 
                        local educational agency is eligible to 
                        receive a basic support payment under 
                        subparagraph (A) with respect to a 
                        number of children determined under 
                        subsection (a)(1) if the agency--
                                  ``(I) is a local educational 
                                agency--
                                          ``(aa) whose 
                                        boundaries are the same 
                                        as a Federal military 
                                        installation or an 
                                        island property 
                                        designated by the 
                                        Secretary of the 
                                        Interior to be property 
                                        that is held in trust 
                                        by the Federal 
                                        Government; and
                                          ``(bb) that has no 
                                        taxing authority;
                                  ``(II) is a local educational 
                                agency that--
                                          ``(aa) has an 
                                        enrollment of children 
                                        described in subsection 
                                        (a)(1) that constitutes 
                                        a percentage of the 
                                        total student 
                                        enrollment of the 
                                        agency that is not less 
                                        than 45 percent;
                                          ``(bb) has a per-
                                        pupil expenditure that 
                                        is less than--
                                                  ``(AA) for an 
                                                agency that has 
                                                a total student 
                                                enrollment of 
                                                500 or more 
                                                students, 125 
                                                percent of the 
                                                average per-
                                                pupil 
                                                expenditure of 
                                                the State in 
                                                which the 
                                                agency is 
                                                located; or
                                                  ``(BB) for 
                                                any agency that 
                                                has a total 
                                                student 
                                                enrollment less 
                                                than 500, 150 
                                                percent of the 
                                                average per-
                                                pupil 
                                                expenditure of 
                                                the State in 
                                                which the 
                                                agency is 
                                                located or the 
                                                average per-
                                                pupil 
                                                expenditure of 
                                                3 or more 
                                                comparable 
                                                local 
                                                educational 
                                                agencies in the 
                                                State in which 
                                                the agency is 
                                                located; and
                                          ``(cc) is an agency 
                                        that--
                                                  ``(AA) has a 
                                                tax rate for 
                                                general fund 
                                                purposes that 
                                                is not less 
                                                than 95 percent 
                                                of the average 
                                                tax rate for 
                                                general fund 
                                                purposes of 
                                                comparable 
                                                local 
                                                educational 
                                                agencies in the 
                                                State; or
                                                  ``(BB) was 
                                                eligible to 
                                                receive a 
                                                payment under 
                                                this subsection 
                                                for fiscal year 
                                                2013 and is 
                                                located in a 
                                                State that by 
                                                State law has 
                                                eliminated ad 
                                                valorem tax as 
                                                a revenue for 
                                                local 
                                                educational 
                                                agencies;
                                  ``(III) is a local 
                                educational agency that--
                                          ``(aa) has an 
                                        enrollment of children 
                                        described in subsection 
                                        (a)(1) that constitutes 
                                        a percentage of the 
                                        total student 
                                        enrollment of the 
                                        agency that is not less 
                                        than 20 percent;
                                          ``(bb) for the 3 
                                        fiscal years preceding 
                                        the fiscal year for 
                                        which the determination 
                                        is made, the average 
                                        enrollment of children 
                                        who are not described 
                                        in subsection (a)(1) 
                                        and who are eligible 
                                        for a free or reduced 
                                        price lunch under the 
                                        Richard B. Russell 
                                        National School Lunch 
                                        Act constitutes a 
                                        percentage of the total 
                                        student enrollment of 
                                        the agency that is not 
                                        less than 65 percent; 
                                        and
                                          ``(cc) has a tax rate 
                                        for general fund 
                                        purposes which is not 
                                        less than 125 percent 
                                        of the average tax rate 
                                        for general fund 
                                        purposes for comparable 
                                        local educational 
                                        agencies in the State;
                                  ``(IV) is a local educational 
                                agency that has a total student 
                                enrollment of not less than 
                                25,000 students, of which--
                                          ``(aa) not less than 
                                        50 percent are children 
                                        described in subsection 
                                        (a)(1); and
                                          ``(bb) not less than 
                                        5,500 of such children 
                                        are children described 
                                        in subparagraphs (A) 
                                        and (B) of subsection 
                                        (a)(1); or
                                  ``(V) is a local educational 
                                agency that--
                                          ``(aa) has an 
                                        enrollment of children 
                                        described in subsection 
                                        (a)(1) including, for 
                                        purposes of determining 
                                        eligibility, those 
                                        children described in 
                                        subparagraphs (F) and 
                                        (G) of such subsection, 
                                        that is not less than 
                                        35 percent of the total 
                                        student enrollment of 
                                        the agency; and
                                          ``(bb) was eligible 
                                        to receive assistance 
                                        under subparagraph (A) 
                                        for fiscal year 
                                        2001.''; and
                          (iii) in clause (ii)--
                                  (I) by striking ``A heavily'' 
                                and inserting the following:
                                  ``(I) In general.--Subject to 
                                subclause (II), a heavily''; 
                                and
                                  (II) by adding at the end the 
                                following:
                                  ``(II) Loss of eligibility 
                                due to falling below 95 percent 
                                of the average tax rate for 
                                general fund purposes.--In a 
                                case of a heavily impacted 
                                local educational agency that 
                                fails to meet the requirements 
                                of clause (i) for a fiscal year 
                                by reason of having a tax rate 
                                for general fund purposes that 
                                falls below 95 percent of the 
                                average tax rate for general 
                                fund purposes of comparable 
                                local educational agencies in 
                                the State, subclause (I) shall 
                                be applied as if `and the 
                                subsequent fiscal year' were 
                                inserted before the period at 
                                the end.'';
                  (C) by striking subparagraph (C);
                  (D) by redesignating subparagraphs (D) 
                through (H) as subparagraphs (C) through (G), 
                respectively;
                  (E) in subparagraph (C) (as so 
                redesignated)--
                          (i) in the heading, by striking 
                        ``regular'';
                          (ii) by striking ``Except as provided 
                        in subparagraph (E)'' and inserting 
                        ``Except as provided in subparagraph 
                        (D)'';
                          (iii) by amending subclause (I) of 
                        clause (ii) to read as follows:
                  ``(ii)(I)(aa) For a local educational agency 
                with respect to which 35 percent or more of the 
                total student enrollment of the schools of the 
                agency are children described in subparagraph 
                (D) or (E) (or a combination thereof) of 
                subsection (a)(1), and that has an enrollment 
                of children described in subparagraphs (A), 
                (B), or (C) of such subsection equal to at 
                least 10 percent of the agency's total 
                enrollment, the Secretary shall calculate the 
                weighted student units of those children 
                described in subparagraph (D) or (E) of such 
                subsection by multiplying the number of such 
                children by a factor of 0.55.
                  ``(bb) Notwithstanding subitem (aa), a local 
                educational agency that received a payment 
                under this paragraph for fiscal year 2012 shall 
                not be required to have an enrollment of 
                children described in subparagraphs (A), (B), 
                or (C) of subsection (a)(1) equal to at least 
                10 percent of the agency's total enrollment.''; 
                and
                          (iv) by amending subclause (III) of 
                        clause (ii) by striking 
                        ``(B)(i)(II)(aa)'' and inserting 
                        ``subparagraph (B)(i)(I)'';
                  (F) in subparagraph (D)(i)(II) (as so 
                redesignated), by striking ``6,000'' and 
                inserting ``5,500'';
                  (G) in subparagraph (E) (as so 
                redesignated)--
                          (i) by striking ``Secretary'' and all 
                        that follows through ``shall use'' and 
                        inserting ``Secretary shall use'';
                          (ii) by striking ``; and'' and 
                        inserting a period; and
                          (iii) by striking clause (ii);
                  (H) in subparagraph (F) (as so redesignated), 
                by striking ``subparagraph (C)(i)(II)(bb)'' and 
                inserting ``subparagraph (B)(i)(II)(bb)(BB)''; 
                and
                  (I) in subparagraph (G) (as so 
                redesignated)--
                          (i) in clause (i)--
                                  (I) by striking 
                                ``subparagraph (B), (C), (D), 
                                or (E)'' and inserting 
                                ``subparagraph (B), (C), or 
                                (D)'';
                                  (II) by striking ``by reason 
                                of'' and inserting ``due to'';
                                  (III) by inserting after 
                                ``clause (iii)'' the following 
                                ``, or as the direct result of 
                                base realignment and closure or 
                                modularization as determined by 
                                the Secretary of Defense and 
                                force structure change or force 
                                relocation''; and
                                  (IV) by inserting before the 
                                period, the following: ``or 
                                during such time as activities 
                                associated with base closure 
                                and realignment, 
                                modularization, force structure 
                                change, or force relocation are 
                                ongoing''; and
                          (ii) in clause (ii), by striking 
                        ``(D) or (E)'' each place it appears 
                        and inserting ``(C) or (D)'';
          (4) in paragraph (3)--
                  (A) in subparagraph (B)--
                          (i) by amending clause (iii) to read 
                        as follows:
                  ``(iii) In the case of a local educational 
                agency providing a free public education to 
                students enrolled in kindergarten through grade 
                12, but which enrolls students described in 
                subparagraphs (A), (B), and (D) of subsection 
                (a)(1) only in grades 9 through 12, and which 
                received a final payment in fiscal year 2009 
                calculated under this paragraph (as this 
                paragraph was in effect on the day before the 
                date of enactment of the Student Success Act) 
                for students in grades 9 through 12, the 
                Secretary shall, in calculating the agency's 
                payment, consider only that portion of such 
                agency's total enrollment of students in grades 
                9 through 12 when calculating the percentage 
                under clause (i)(I) and only that portion of 
                the total current expenditures attributed to 
                the operation of grades 9 through 12 in such 
                agency when calculating the percentage under 
                clause (i)(II).''; and
                          (ii) by adding at the end the 
                        following:
                  ``(v) In the case of a local educational 
                agency that is providing a program of distance 
                education to children not residing within the 
                geographic boundaries of the agency, the 
                Secretary shall--
                          ``(I) for purposes of the calculation 
                        under clause (i)(I), disregard such 
                        children from the total number of 
                        children in average daily attendance at 
                        the schools served by such agency; and
                          ``(II) for purposes of the 
                        calculation under clause (i)(II), 
                        disregard any funds received for such 
                        children from the total current 
                        expenditures for such agency.'';
                  (B) in subparagraph (C), by striking 
                ``subparagraph (D) or (E) of paragraph (2), as 
                the case may be'' and inserting ``paragraph 
                (2)(D)''; and
                  (C) by amending subparagraph (D) to read as 
                follows:
                  ``(D) Ratable distribution.--For any fiscal 
                year described in subparagraph (A) for which 
                the sums available exceed the amount required 
                to pay each local educational agency 100 
                percent of its threshold payment, the Secretary 
                shall distribute the excess sums to each 
                eligible local educational agency that has not 
                received its full amount computed under 
                paragraph (1) or (2) (as the case may be) by 
                multiplying--
                          ``(i) a percentage, the denominator 
                        of which is the difference between the 
                        full amount computed under paragraph 
                        (1) or (2) (as the case may be) for all 
                        local educational agencies and the 
                        amount of the threshold payment (as 
                        calculated under subparagraphs (B) and 
                        (C)) of all local educational agencies, 
                        and the numerator of which is the 
                        aggregate of the excess sums, by;
                          ``(ii) the difference between the 
                        full amount computed under paragraph 
                        (1) or (2) (as the case may be) for the 
                        agency and the amount of the threshold 
                        payment as calculated under 
                        subparagraphs (B) and (C) of the 
                        agency.''; and
                  (D) by inserting at the end the following new 
                subparagraphs:
                  ``(E) Insufficient payments.--For each fiscal 
                year described in subparagraph (A) for which 
                the sums appropriated under section 3(d)(2) are 
                insufficient to pay each local educational 
                agency all of the local educational agency's 
                threshold payment described in subparagraph 
                (D), the Secretary shall ratably reduce the 
                payment to each local educational agency under 
                this paragraph.
                  ``(F) Increases.--If the sums appropriated 
                under section 3(d)(2) are sufficient to 
                increase the threshold payment above the 100 
                percent threshold payment described in 
                subparagraph (D), then the Secretary shall 
                increase payments on the same basis as such 
                payments were reduced, except no local 
                educational agency may receive a payment amount 
                greater than 100 percent of the maximum payment 
                calculated under this subsection.''; and
          (5) in paragraph (4)--
                  (A) in subparagraph (A), by striking 
                ``through (D)'' and inserting ``and (C)''; and
                  (B) in subparagraph (B), by striking 
                ``subparagraph (D) or (E)'' and inserting 
                ``subparagraph (C) or (D)''.
  (c) Prior Year Data.--Paragraph (2) of section 8003(c) (20 
U.S.C. 7703(c)) is amended to read as follows:
          ``(2) Exception.--Calculation of payments for a local 
        educational agency shall be based on data from the 
        fiscal year for which the agency is making an 
        application for payment if such agency--
                  ``(A) is newly established by a State, for 
                the first year of operation of such agency 
                only;
                  ``(B) was eligible to receive a payment under 
                this section for the previous fiscal year and 
                has had an overall increase in enrollment (as 
                determined by the Secretary in consultation 
                with the Secretary of Defense, the Secretary of 
                the Interior, or the heads of other Federal 
                agencies)--
                          ``(i) of not less than 10 percent, or 
                        100 students, of children described 
                        in--
                                  ``(I) subparagraph (A), (B), 
                                (C), or (D) of subsection 
                                (a)(1); or
                                  ``(II) subparagraph (F) and 
                                (G) of subsection (a)(1), but 
                                only to the extent such 
                                children are civilian 
                                dependents of employees of the 
                                Department of Defense or the 
                                Department of the Interior; and
                          ``(ii) that is the direct result of 
                        closure or realignment of military 
                        installations under the base closure 
                        process or the relocation of members of 
                        the Armed Forces and civilian employees 
                        of the Department of Defense as part of 
                        the force structure changes or 
                        movements of units or personnel between 
                        military installations or because of 
                        actions initiated by the Secretary of 
                        the Interior or the head of another 
                        Federal agency; or
                  ``(C) was eligible to receive a payment under 
                this section for the previous fiscal year and 
                has had an increase in enrollment (as 
                determined by the Secretary)--
                          ``(i) of not less than 10 percent of 
                        children described in subsection (a)(1) 
                        or not less than 100 of such children; 
                        and
                          ``(ii) that is the direct result of 
                        the closure of a local educational 
                        agency that received a payment under 
                        subsection (b)(1) or (b)(2) in the 
                        previous fiscal year.''.
  (d) Children With Disabilities.--Section 8003(d)(1) (20 
U.S.C. 7703(d)) is amended by striking ``section 8014(c)'' and 
inserting ``section 3(d)(3)''.
  (e) Hold-Harmless.--Section 8003(e) (20 U.S.C. 7703(e)) is 
amended--
          (1) by amending paragraph (1) to read as follows:
          ``(1) In general.--Subject to paragraph (2), the 
        total amount the Secretary shall pay a local 
        educational agency under subsection (b)--
                  ``(A) for fiscal year 2014, shall not be less 
                than 90 percent of the total amount that the 
                local educational agency received under 
                subsection (b)(1), (b)(2), or (b)(2)(B)(ii) for 
                fiscal year 2013;
                  ``(B) for fiscal year 2015, shall not be less 
                than 85 percent of the total amount that the 
                local educational agency received under 
                subsection (b)(1), (b)(2), or (b)(2)(B)(ii) for 
                fiscal year 2013; and
                  ``(C) for fiscal year 2016, shall not be less 
                than 80 percent of the total amount that the 
                local educational agency received under 
                subsection (b)(1), (b)(2), or (b)(2)(B)(ii) for 
                fiscal year 2013.''; and
          (2) by amending paragraph (2) to read as follows:
          ``(2) Maximum amount.--The total amount provided to a 
        local educational agency under subparagraph (A), (B), 
        or C of paragraph (1) for a fiscal year shall not 
        exceed the maximum basic support payment amount for 
        such agency determined under paragraph (1) or (2) of 
        subsection (b), as the case may be, for such fiscal 
        year.''.
  (f) Maintenance of Effort.--Section 8003 (20 U.S.C. 7703) is 
amended by striking subsection (g).

SEC. 804. POLICIES AND PROCEDURES RELATING TO CHILDREN RESIDING ON 
                    INDIAN LANDS.

  Section 8004(e)(9) is amended by striking ``Bureau of Indian 
Affairs'' and inserting ``Bureau of Indian Education''.

SEC. 805. APPLICATION FOR PAYMENTS UNDER SECTIONS 8002 AND 8003.

  Section 8005(b) (20 U.S.C. 7705(b)) is amended in the matter 
preceding paragraph (1) by striking ``and shall contain such 
information,''.

SEC. 806. CONSTRUCTION.

  Section 8007 (20 U.S.C. 7707) is amended--
          (1) in subsection (a)--
                  (A) in paragraph (1), by striking ``section 
                8014(e)'' and inserting ``section 3(d)(4)'';
                  (B) in paragraph (2), by adding at the end 
                the following:
                  ``(C) The agency is eligible under section 
                4003(b)(2) or is receiving basic support 
                payments under circumstances described in 
                section 4003(b)(2)(B)(ii).''; and
                  (C) in paragraph (3), by striking ``section 
                8014(e)'' each place it appears and inserting 
                ``section 3(d)(4)''; and
          (2) in subsection (b)--
                  (A) in paragraph (1), by striking ``section 
                8014(e)'' and inserting ``section 3(d)(4)'';
                  (B) in paragraph (3)--
                          (i) in subparagraph (C)(i)(I), by 
                        adding at the end the following:
                                  ``(cc) At least 10 percent of 
                                the property in the agency is 
                                exempt from State and local 
                                taxation under Federal law.''; 
                                and
                          (ii) by adding at the end the 
                        following:
                  ``(F) Limitations on eligibility 
                requirements.--The Secretary shall not limit 
                eligibility--
                          ``(i) under subparagraph 
                        (C)(i)(I)(aa), to those local 
                        educational agencies in which the 
                        number of children determined under 
                        section 8003(a)(1)(C) for each such 
                        agency for the preceding school year 
                        constituted more than 40 percent of the 
                        total student enrollment in the schools 
                        of each such agency during the 
                        preceding school year; and
                          ``(ii) under subparagraph 
                        (C)(i)(I)(cc), to those local 
                        educational agencies in which more than 
                        10 percent of the property in each such 
                        agency is exempt from State and local 
                        taxation under Federal law.'';
                  (C) in paragraph (6)--
                          (i) in the matter preceding 
                        subparagraph (A), by striking ``in such 
                        manner, and accompanied by such 
                        information'' and inserting ``and in 
                        such manner''; and
                          (ii) by striking subparagraph (F); 
                        and
                  (D) by striking paragraph (7).

SEC. 807. FACILITIES.

  Section 8008 (20 U.S.C. 7708) is amended in subsection (a), 
by striking ``section 8014(f)'' and inserting ``section 
3(d)(5)''.

SEC. 808. STATE CONSIDERATION OF PAYMENTS PROVIDING STATE AID.

  Section 8009 (20 U.S.C. 7709) is amended--
          (1) in subsection (c)(1)(B), by striking ``and 
        contain the information''; and
          (2) in subsection (d)(2)--
                  (A) by striking ``A State'' and inserting the 
                following:
                  ``(A) In general.--A State''; and
                  (B) by adding at the end of the following:
                  ``(B) States that are not equalized states.--
                A State that has not been approved as an 
                equalized State under subsection (b) shall not 
                consider funds received under section 8002 or 
                section 8003 of this title in any State formula 
                or place a limit or direct the use of such 
                funds.''.

SEC. 809. ADMINISTRATIVE HEARINGS AND JUDICIAL REVIEW.

  Section 8011(a) (20 U.S.C. 7711(a)) is amended by striking 
``or under the Act'' and all the follows through ``1994)''.

SEC. 810. DEFINITIONS.

  Section 8013 (20 U.S.C. 7713) is amended--
          (1) in paragraph (1), by striking ``and Marine 
        Corps'' and inserting ``Marine Corps, and Coast 
        Guard'';
          (2) in paragraph (4), by striking ``and title VI'';
          (3) in paragraph (5)(A)(iii)--
                  (A) in subclause (II), by striking ``Stewart 
                B. McKinney Homeless Assistance Act'' and 
                inserting ``McKinney-Vento Homeless Assistance 
                Act (42 U.S.C. 11411)''; and
                  (B) in subclause (III), by inserting before 
                the semicolon, ``(25 U.S.C. 4101 et seq.)'';
          (4) in paragraph (8)(A), by striking ``and verified 
        by'' and inserting ``, and verified by,''; and
          (5) in paragraph (9)(B), by inserting a comma before 
        ``on a case-by-case basis''.

SEC. 811. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

  Section 8014 (20 U.S.C. 7801) is amended--
          (1) by striking ``2000'' each place it appears and 
        inserting ``2014'';
          (2) by striking ``2001'' and inserting ``2015''; and
          (3) by striking ``2002'' and inserting ``2016''.

SEC. 812. CONFORMING AMENDMENTS.

  Subsection (c) of the Impact Aid Improvement Act of 2012 (20 
U.S.C. 6301 note; Public Law 112-239; 126 Stat. 1748) is 
amended--
          (1) (1) by striking paragraphs (1) and (4); and
          (2) (2) by redesignating paragraphs (2) and (3), as 
        paragraphs (1) and (2), respectively.

                      TITLE IX--GENERAL PROVISIONS

SEC. 900. GENERAL AMENDMENTS.

  (a) General Prohibition.--Section 9527(a) (20 U.S.C. 7907(a)) 
is amended by inserting ``specific instructional content, 
academic standards or assessments,'' after ``school's 
curriculum,''.
  (b) Rule of Construction.--Section 9534 (20 U.S.C. 7914) is 
amended by adding at the end the following:
  ``(c) Rule of Construction.--Any public or private entity 
that receives funds allocated under this Act including from a 
State educational agency or local educational agency shall be 
considered a program under subsection (a) and be subject to the 
requirements of subsection (a) in carrying out programs or 
activities funded under this Act.''.

   Subtitle A--Protecting Students From Sexual and Violent Predators

SEC. 901. BACKGROUND CHECKS.

  Subpart 2 of part E of title IX of the Elementary and 
Secondary Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 7901 et seq.) is 
amended by adding at the end the following:

``SEC. 9537. BACKGROUND CHECKS.

  ``(a) Background Checks.--To ensure a safe learning 
environment, each State educational agency that receives funds 
under this Act shall have in effect policies and procedures 
that--
          ``(1) require that criminal background checks be 
        conducted for each school employee that include--
                  ``(A) a search of the State criminal registry 
                or repository in the State in which the school 
                employee resides and each State in which the 
                school employee previously resided;
                  ``(B) a search of State-based child abuse and 
                neglect registries and databases in the State 
                in which the school employee resides and each 
                State in which the school employee previously 
                resided;
                  ``(C) a Federal Bureau of Investigation 
                fingerprint check using the Integrated 
                Automated Fingerprint Identification System; 
                and
                  ``(D) a search of the National Sex Offender 
                Registry established under section 19 of the 
                Adam Walsh Child Protection and Safety Act of 
                2006 (42 U.S.C. 16919);
          ``(2) prohibit the employment of an individual as a 
        school employee if such individual--
                  ``(A) refuses to consent to a criminal 
                background check under paragraph (1);
                  ``(B) makes a false statement in connection 
                with such criminal background check;
                  ``(C) has been convicted of a felony 
                consisting of--
                          ``(i) homicide;
                          ``(ii) child abuse or neglect;
                          ``(iii) a crime against children, 
                        including child pornography;
                          ``(iv) spousal abuse;
                          ``(v) a crime involving rape or 
                        sexual assault;
                          ``(vi) kidnapping;
                          ``(vii) arson; or
                          ``(viii) physical assault, battery, 
                        or a drug-related offense, committed 
                        within 5 years of the completion of 
                        such individual's criminal background 
                        check under paragraph (1); or
                  ``(D) has been convicted of any other crime 
                that is a violent or sexual crime against a 
                minor;
          ``(3) require that a local educational agency or 
        State educational agency that receives information from 
        a criminal background check conducted paragraph (1) 
        that an individual who has applied for employment as a 
        school employee with such agency is a sexual predator, 
        report to local law enforcement that such individual 
        has so applied;
          ``(4) require that criminal background checks 
        conducted under paragraph (1) be periodically repeated 
        or updated in accordance with State law or local 
        educational policy, but not less than once every 5 
        years;
          ``(5) require that each school employee who has had a 
        criminal background check under paragraph (1) be 
        provided with a copy of the background check; and
          ``(6) provide for a timely process by which a school 
        employee may appeal, but which does not permit the 
        school employee to be employed as a school employee 
        during such appeal, the results of a criminal 
        background check conducted under paragraph (1) to--
                  ``(A) challenge the accuracy or completeness 
                of the information produced by such background 
                check; and
                  ``(B) seek appropriate relief for any final 
                employment decision based on materially 
                inaccurate or incomplete information produced 
                by such background check.
  ``(b) Inventory Authorized.--A State educational agency may 
maintain an inventory of all the information from criminal 
background checks conducted under subsection (a)(1) on school 
employees in the State.
  ``(c) Definitions.--In this section:
          ``(1) School employee.--The term `school employee' 
        means--
                  ``(A) an employee of, or a person seeking 
                employment with, a local educational agency or 
                State educational agency, and who has a job 
                duty that results in access to students; or
                  ``(B) an employee of, or a person seeking 
                employment with, a for-profit or nonprofit 
                entity, or local public agency, that has a 
                contract or agreement to provide services with 
                a school, local educational agency, or State 
                educational agency, and whose job duty--
                          ``(i) is to provide such services; 
                        and
                          ``(ii) results in access to students.
          ``(2) Sexual predator.--The term `sexual predator' 
        means a person 18 years of age or older who has been 
        convicted of, or pled guilty to, a sexual offense 
        against a minor.''.

SEC. 902. CONFORMING AMENDMENT.

  Section 2 of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 
1965 is amended by adding after the item relating to section 
9536 the following:
``Sec. 9537. Background checks.''.

                    Subtitle B--Evaluation Authority

SEC. 911. EVALUATION AUTHORITY.

  Title IX (20 U.S.C. 7801 et seq.) is further amended by 
amending part F to read as follows:

                     ``PART F--EVALUATION AUTHORITY

``SEC. 9911. EVALUATION AUTHORITY.

  ``(a) Reservation of Funds.--The Secretary shall reserve not 
less than 1 percent but not more than 3 percent of the amount 
appropriated to carry out each categorical program and 
demonstration project authorized under this Act. The reserved 
amounts shall be used by the Secretary, acting through the 
Director of the Institute of Education Sciences, to--
          ``(1) conduct--
                  ``(A) comprehensive, high-quality evaluations 
                of the program or project that--
                          ``(i) provide information to inform 
                        policy-making and to support continuous 
                        program improvement; and
                          ``(ii) use methods appropriate for 
                        the questions being asked; and
                  ``(B) impact evaluations that, where 
                practical and appropriate, use rigorous 
                methodologies, such as experimental or quasi-
                experimental designs or randomized control 
                trials, that permit the strongest possible 
                causal inferences;
          ``(2) provide technical assistance to grant 
        recipients on--
                  ``(A) the conduct of the evaluation 
                activities that the grantees carry out under 
                this Act; and
                  ``(B) the collection and reporting of 
                performance data relating to the program or 
                project and using that data to determine 
                program effectiveness and make any required 
                improvements;
          ``(3) evaluate the aggregate short-term and long-term 
        effects and cost efficiencies across Federal programs 
        assisted or authorized under this Act and related 
        Federal preschool, elementary, and secondary programs 
        under any other Federal law;
          ``(4) increase the usefulness of evaluations of grant 
        recipients in order to ensure the continuous progress 
        of the program or project by improving the quality, 
        timeliness, efficiency, dissemination, and use of 
        information relating to performance under the program 
        or project and building the evidence base for what 
        projects effectively meet the goals of the program in 
        question; and
          ``(5) identify and disseminate research and best 
        practices related to the programs and projects 
        authorized under this Act to build the evidence base 
        for the programs and projects that most effectively 
        meet the goals of this Act.
  ``(b) Evaluation Plan.--The Secretary shall annually develop 
and submit to Congress a plan that--
          ``(1) describes the specific evaluation activities 
        and their timelines that the Secretary intends to carry 
        out under this part for that year; and
          ``(2) results from evaluation activities carried out 
        under this part.
  ``(c) Other Evaluation Activities.--If, under any other 
provision of this Act, funds are authorized to be reserved or 
used for evaluation activities with respect to a program or 
demonstration project, the Secretary may reserve additional 
funds under this part, if the amount reserved is less than 1 
percent of program funding. In that case, the Secretary may 
reserve not less than 1 percent but not more than 3 percent of 
funding for program evaluation.
  ``(d) Special Rule Regarding Allocation for Impact 
Evaluations.--The Secretary shall use not less than 30 percent 
of the funds reserved under this section for each of the fiscal 
years 2014 through 2019, in the aggregate for each year, for 
impact evaluations that meet the requirements of subsection 
(a)(1).''.

                 Subtitle C--Keeping All Students Safe

SEC. 911. KEEPING ALL STUDENTS SAFE.

  Title IX (20 U.S.C. 7801 et seq.) is further amended by 
adding at the end the following:

                  ``PART G--KEEPING ALL STUDENTS SAFE

``SEC. 9701. DEFINITIONS.

  ``In this part:
          ``(1) Chemical restraint.--The term `chemical 
        restraint' means a drug or medication used on a student 
        to control behavior or restrict freedom of movement 
        that is not--
                  ``(A) prescribed by a licensed physician, or 
                other qualified health professional acting 
                under the scope of the professional's authority 
                under State law, for the standard treatment of 
                a student's medical or psychiatric condition; 
                and
                  ``(B) administered as prescribed by the 
                licensed physician or other qualified health 
                professional acting under the scope of the 
                professional's authority under State law.
          ``(2) Mechanical restraint.--The term `mechanical 
        restraint' has the meaning given the term in section 
        595(d)(1) of the Public Health Service Act (42 U.S.C. 
        290jj(d)(1)), except that the meaning shall be applied 
        by substituting `student's' for `resident's'.
          ``(3) Physical escort.--The term `physical escort' 
        has the meaning given the term in section 595(d)(2) of 
        the Public Health Service Act (42 U.S.C. 290jj(d)(2)), 
        except that the meaning shall be applied by 
        substituting `student' for `resident'.
          ``(4) Physical restraint.--The term `physical 
        restraint' has the meaning given the term in section 
        595(d)(3) of the Public Health Service Act (42 U.S.C. 
        290jj(d)(3)).
          ``(5) Positive behavior supports.--The term `positive 
        behavior supports' means a systematic approach to embed 
        evidence-based practices and data-driven decisionmaking 
        to improve school climate and culture, including a 
        range of systemic and individualized strategies to 
        reinforce desired behaviors and diminish reoccurrence 
        of problem behaviors, in order to achieve improved 
        academic and social outcomes and increase learning for 
        all students, including students with the most complex 
        and intensive behavioral needs.
          ``(6) Protection and advocacy system.--The term 
        `protection and advocacy system' means a protection and 
        advocacy system established under section 143 of the 
        Developmental Disabilities Assistance and Bill of 
        Rights Act of 2000 (42 U.S.C. 15043).
          ``(7) School.--The term `school' means an entity--
                  ``(A) that--
                          ``(i) is a public or private--
                                  ``(I) day or residential 
                                elementary school or secondary 
                                school; or
                                  ``(II) early childhood, 
                                elementary school, or secondary 
                                school program that is under 
                                the jurisdiction of a school, 
                                local educational agency, 
                                educational service agency, or 
                                other educational institution 
                                or program; and
                          ``(ii) receives, or serves students 
                        who receive, support in any form from 
                        any program supported, in whole or in