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114th Congress   }                                        {     Report
                        HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
 1st Session     }                                        {    114-231

======================================================================



 
                SECRET SERVICE IMPROVEMENTS ACT OF 2015

                                _______
                                

 July 27, 2015.--Committed to the Committee of the Whole House on the 
              State of the Union and ordered to be printed

                                _______
                                

   Mr. Goodlatte, from the Committee on the Judiciary, submitted the 
                               following

                              R E P O R T

                        [To accompany H.R. 1656]

      [Including cost estimate of the Congressional Budget Office]

    The Committee on the Judiciary, to whom was referred the 
bill (H.R. 1656) to provide for additional resources for the 
Secret Service, and to improve protections for restricted 
areas, having considered the same, reports favorably thereon 
with an amendment and recommends that the bill as amended do 
pass.

                                CONTENTS

                                                                   Page

The Amendment....................................................     1
Purpose and Summary..............................................     3
Background and Need for the Legislation..........................     4
Hearings.........................................................     5
Committee Consideration..........................................     5
Committee Votes..................................................     5
Committee Oversight Findings.....................................     5
New Budget Authority and Tax Expenditures........................     5
Congressional Budget Office Cost Estimate........................     5
Duplication of Federal Programs..................................     5
Disclosure of Directed Rule Makings..............................     5
Performance Goals and Objectives.................................     6
Advisory on Earmarks.............................................     6
Section-by-Section Analysis......................................     6
Changes in Existing Law Made by the Bill, as Reported............     7

                             The Amendment

    The amendment is as follows:
    Strike all after the enacting clause and insert the 
following:

SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.

  This Act may be cited as the ``Secret Service Improvements Act of 
2015''.

SEC. 2. PRESIDENTIAL APPOINTMENT OF DIRECTOR OF THE SECRET SERVICE.

  Section 3056 of title 18, United States Code, is amended by adding at 
the end:
  ``(h) The Director of the Secret Service shall be appointed by the 
President, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate. The 
Director of the Secret Service is the head of the Secret Service.''.

SEC. 3. RESTRICTED BUILDING OR GROUNDS.

  Section 1752(a) of title 18, United States Code, is amended--
          (1) in paragraph (3), by striking ``or'' at the end;
          (2) in paragraph (4), by inserting ``or'' at the end; and
          (3) by inserting after paragraph (4) the following:
          ``(5) knowingly, and with the intent to enter a restricted 
        building or grounds, causes any object to enter any restricted 
        building or grounds, when, or so that, such object, in fact, 
        impedes or disrupts the orderly conduct of government business 
        or official functions;''.

SEC. 4. THREATS AGAINST FORMER VICE PRESIDENTS.

  Section 879 of title 18, United States Code, is amended--
          (1) in subsection (a)--
                  (A) by redesignating paragraphs (2), (3), and (4) as 
                paragraphs (3), (4), and (5), respectively; and
                  (B) by inserting after paragraph (1) the following:
          ``(2) a former Vice President or a member of the immediate 
        family of a former Vice President;''; and
          (2) in subsection (b)(1)--
                  (A) in subparagraph (A)--
                          (i) by striking ``subsection (a)(1)'' and 
                        inserting ``paragraphs (1) and (2) of 
                        subsection (a)''; and
                          (ii) by inserting ``or former Vice 
                        President'' after ``former President'' each 
                        place it appears; and
                  (B) in subparagraph (B), by striking ``subsection 
                (a)(2) and (a)(3)'' and inserting ``paragraphs (3) and 
                (4) of subsection (a)''.

SEC. 5. INCREASED TRAINING.

  Beginning in the first full fiscal year after the date of enactment 
of this Act, the Director of the Secret Service shall increase the 
annual number of hours spent training by officers and agents of the 
Secret Service, including officers of the United States Secret Service 
Uniformed Division established under section 3056A of title 18, United 
States Code and agents operating pursuant to section 3056 of title 18, 
United States Code, including joint training between the two.

SEC. 6. TRAINING FACILITIES.

  The Director of the Secret Service is authorized to construct 
facilities at the Rowley Training Center necessary to improve the 
training of officers of the United States Secret Service Uniformed 
Division established under section 3056A of title 18, United States 
Code and agents of the United States Secret Service, operating pursuant 
to section 3056 of title 18, United States Code.

SEC. 7. HIRING OF ADDITIONAL OFFICERS AND AGENTS.

  The Director of the Secret Service is authorized to hire not fewer 
than--
          (1) 200 additional officers for the United States Secret 
        Service Uniformed Division established under section 3056A of 
        title 18, United States Code; and
          (2) 85 additional agents for the United States Secret Service 
        Presidential Protective Detail, operating pursuant to section 
        3056 of title 18, United States Code.

SEC. 8. EVALUATION OF VULNERABILITIES AND THREATS.

  (a) In General.--The Director of the Secret Service shall devise and 
adopt improved procedures for evaluating vulnerabilities in the 
security of the White House and threats to persons protected by the 
Secret Service, including threats posed by unmanned aerial systems or 
explosive devices.
  (b) Report.--Not later than 1 year after the date of enactment of 
this Act, the Director of the Secret Service shall report on the 
implementation of subsection (a) to--
          (1) the Committee on the Judiciary of the House of 
        Representatives;
          (2) the Committee on the Judiciary of the Senate;
          (3) the Committee on Homeland Security of the House of 
        Representatives;
          (4) the Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental 
        Affairs of the Senate; and
          (5) the Committee on Oversight and Government Reform of the 
        House of Representatives.

SEC. 9. EVALUATION OF USE OF TECHNOLOGY.

  (a) In General.--The Director of the Secret Service, in consultation 
with the Under Secretary for Science and Technology of the Department 
of Homeland Security, and other experts, shall devise and adopt 
improved procedures for--
          (1) evaluating the ways in which technology may be used to 
        improve the security of the White House and the response to 
        threats to persons protected by the Secret Service; and
          (2) retaining evidence pertaining to the duties referred to 
        in paragraph (1) for an extended period of time.
  (b) Report.--Not later than 1 year after the date of enactment of 
this Act, the Director of the Secret Service shall report on the 
implementation of subsection (a) to--
          (1) the Committee on the Judiciary of the House of 
        Representatives;
          (2) the Committee on the Judiciary of the Senate;
          (3) the Committee on Homeland Security of the House of 
        Representatives;
          (4) the Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental 
        Affairs of the Senate; and
          (5) the Committee on Oversight and Government Reform of the 
        House of Representatives.

SEC. 10. EVALUATION OF USE OF ADDITIONAL WEAPONRY.

  The Director of the Secret Service shall evaluate the practicability 
of equipping agents and officers with weapons other than those provided 
to officers and agents of the Secret Service as of the date of 
enactment of this Act, including nonlethal weapons.

SEC. 11. SECURITY COSTS FOR SECONDARY RESIDENCES.

  (a) In General.--The Presidential Protection Assistance Act of 1976 
(18 U.S.C. 3056 note) is amended by striking section 4 and inserting 
the following:

``SEC. 4. NOTIFICATION REGARDING EXPENDITURES ON NON-GOVERNMENTAL 
                    PROPERTIES.

  ``The Secret Service shall notify the Committees on Appropriations of 
the House and Senate of any expenditures for permanent facilities, 
equipment, and services to secure any non-Governmental property in 
addition to the one non-Governmental property designated by each 
protectee under subsection (a) or (b) of section 3.''.
  (b) Conforming Amendments.--The Presidential Protection Assistance 
Act of 1976 (18 U.S.C. 3056 note), as amended by this Act, is further 
amended--
          (1) in section 3(b), by striking ``any expenditures by the 
        Secret Service'' and all that follows through ``imposed under 
        section 4'' and inserting ``any expenditures by the Secret 
        Service for permanent facilities, equipment, and services to 
        secure the non-Governmental property previously designated 
        under subsection (a) are subject to the requirements set forth 
        in section 4''; and
          (2) in section 5(c), by striking ``within the limitations 
        imposed under section 4''.

SEC. 12. ESTABLISHMENT OF ETHICS PROGRAM OFFICE.

  Subject to the oversight of the Office of Chief Counsel of the United 
States Secret Service, the Director of the Secret Service shall 
establish an Ethics Program Office, consisting of a minimum of 2 
employees, to administer the provisions of the Ethics in Government Act 
of 1978, as amended, and to provide increased training to employees of 
the United States Secret Service.

SEC. 13. SENSE OF CONGRESS.

  It is the sense of Congress that an assessment made by the Secretary 
of Homeland Security or the Director of the Secret Service with regard 
to physical security of the White House and attendant grounds, and any 
security-related enhancements thereto should be accorded substantial 
deference by the National Capital Planning Commission, the Commission 
of Fine Arts, and any other relevant entities.

                          Purpose and Summary

    This bill provides necessary changes and reforms to the 
operations of the United States Secret Service (USSS) and 
provides it the tools required to carry out its protective 
mission. It also provides for increased oversight of the USSS 
through a Senate-confirmed director, new reporting 
requirements, and the creation of an ethics office within the 
USSS Office of Chief Counsel.

                Background and Need for the Legislation

    The United States Secret Service (USSS), located within the 
Department of Homeland Security (DHS), has two missions--
criminal investigations and protection. Criminal investigation 
activities encompass financial crimes, identity theft, 
counterfeiting, computer fraud, and computer-based attacks on 
the nation's financial, banking, and telecommunications 
infrastructure.
    The protection mission is the more publicly visible of the 
two, covering the President, Vice President, their families, 
former Presidents and Vice Presidents, and major candidates for 
those offices, along with the White House and the Vice 
President's residence (through the Service's Uniformed 
Division). Protective duties of the USSS also extend to foreign 
missions (such as embassies, consulates, and foreign dignitary 
residences) in the District of Columbia and to designated 
individuals, such as the Homeland Security Secretary and 
visiting foreign dignitaries. Separate from these assignments, 
the USSS is also responsible for certain security activities 
such as National Special Security Events (NSSEs), which include 
presidential inaugurations, the major party national 
conventions, as well as international conferences and events 
held in the United States.
    The USSS employs approximately 3,200 special agents, 1,300 
Uniformed Division officers, and more than 2,000 other 
technical, professional and administrative support personnel 
who help carry out these dual missions. It has been reported 
that the USSS has faced staffing shortages in recent years that 
may have impacted the agency's protective mission.
    Secret Service agents receive continuous advanced training 
throughout their careers. In part, this training consists of 
regular firearms requalification and emergency medicine 
refresher courses. Agents assigned to protective assignments 
also participate in unique simulated crisis training scenarios 
that present agents with a variety of ``real world'' emergency 
situations involving USSS protectees. These training 
simulations are designed to provide agents with immediate 
feedback concerning their response to a variety of emergency 
response scenarios.
    In November 2014, the Committee held a hearing with the 
USSS Acting Director. The hearing included both a Law 
Enforcement Sensitive portion and an open proceeding. The 
Committee questioned the Acting Director about a number of 
security and personnel incidents including the Omar Gonzalez 
fence jumper incident, the Atlanta elevator incident, the Oscar 
Ortega-Hernandez incident, the Hay-Adams Hotel bullet incident, 
and the Cartagena prostitution scandal, among others.
    In the wake of these incidents, President Obama empaneled a 
commission to review the USSS and make suggestions for 
improvements to its protective mission--The Secret Service 
Protective Mission Panel (USSSPMP). This panel included Tom 
Perrelli, former Associate Attorney General; Mark Filip, former 
Deputy Attorney General; Danielle Gray, former Cabinet 
Secretary and Assistant to the President; and Joseph Hagin, 
former White House Deputy Chief of Staff for Operations. The 
USSSPMP made numerous recommendations to improve the agency.
    This legislation is a product of both the Committee's 
oversight hearings on the issue, and the recommendations of the 
USSSPMP.

                                Hearings

    The Committee on the Judiciary held no hearings on H.R. 
1656.

                        Committee Consideration

    On July 15, the Committee met in open session and ordered 
the bill, H.R. 1656, favorably reported with an amendment, by 
voice vote, a quorum being present.

                            Committee Votes

    In compliance with clause 3(b) of rule XIII of the Rules of 
the House of Representatives, the Committee advises that there 
were no recorded votes during the Committee's consideration of 
H.R. 1656.

                      Committee Oversight Findings

    In compliance with clause 3(c)(1) of rule XIII of the Rules 
of the House of Representatives, the Committee advises that the 
findings and recommendations of the Committee, based on 
oversight activities under clause 2(b)(1) of rule X of the 
Rules of the House of Representatives, are incorporated in the 
descriptive portions of this report.

               New Budget Authority and Tax Expenditures

    Clause 3(c)(2) of rule XIII of the Rules of the House of 
Representatives is inapplicable because this legislation does 
not provide new budgetary authority or increased tax 
expenditures.

               Congressional Budget Office Cost Estimate

    With respect to clause 3(c)(3) of rule XIII of the Rules of 
the House of Representatives, an estimate and comparison 
prepared by the Director of the Congressional Budget Office 
under section 402 of the Congressional Budget Act of 1974 was 
not submitted to the Committee before the filing of the report.

                    Duplication of Federal Programs

    No provision of H.R. 1656 establishes or reauthorizes a 
program of the Federal Government known to be duplicative of 
another Federal program, a program that was included in any 
report from the Government Accountability Office to Congress 
pursuant to section 21 of Public Law 111-139, or a program 
related to a program identified in the most recent Catalog of 
Federal Domestic Assistance.

                  Disclosure of Directed Rule Makings

    The Committee estimates that H.R. 1656 specifically directs 
to be completed no specific rule makings within the meaning of 
5 U.S.C. 551.

                    Performance Goals and Objectives

    The Committee states that pursuant to clause 3(c)(4) of 
rule XIII of the Rules of the House of Representatives, H.R. 
1656 provides reforms, oversight and tools to the USSS to 
improve the agency's protective mission.

                          Advisory on Earmarks

    In accordance with clause 9 of rule XXI of the Rules of the 
House of Representatives, H.R. 1656 does not contain any 
congressional earmarks, limited tax benefits, or limited tariff 
benefits as defined in clause 9(e), 9(f), or 9(g) of Rule XXI.

                      Section-by-Section Analysis

    The following discussion describes the bill as reported by 
the Committee.
Sec. 1. Short Title.
    This section provides that the short title of the bill is 
the Secret Service Improvements Act of 2015.
Sec. 2. Presidential Appointment of Director of the Secret Service.
    This section provides that the Director of the Secret 
Service shall be nominated by the President and confirmed with 
the advice and consent of the Senate.
Sec. 3. Restricted Buildings or Grounds.
    This section clarifies that it is a Federal crime to 
knowingly cause any object to enter restricted buildings or 
grounds, including the White House and the Vice President's 
residence.
Sec. 4. Threats Against Former Vice Presidents.
    This section ensures that the Secret Service can 
investigate threats against former Vice Presidents and their 
families for the duration of their protection.
Sec. 5. Increased Training.
    This section codifies the recommendation from the United 
States Secret Service Protective Mission Panel that the Secret 
Service increase the number of hours officers and agents spend 
training, including joint training between Uniformed Division 
Officers and protective mission agents.
Sec. 6. Training Facilities.
    This section authorizes the Secret Service to build 
necessary facilities at their Rowley Center in order to better 
train officers and agents.
Sec. 7. Hiring Additional Agents and Officers.
    This section codifies the recommendation from the United 
States Secret Service Protective Mission Panel that the Secret 
Service hire no fewer than an additional 200 Uniformed Division 
officers and 85 protective mission agents.
Sec. 8. Evaluation of Vulnerabilities and Threats.
    This section requires the Secret Service to devise and 
implement improved procedures for evaluating threats to the 
White House and its protectees, including threats from drones 
and explosives, and to report to Congress findings within a 
year of enactment.
Sec. 9. Evaluation of Use of Technology.
    This section requires the Secret Service to evaluate the 
security technology employed at the White House, including ways 
that technology can be used to improve safety at the White 
House. The section also requires the Secret Service to evaluate 
how it retains evidence, and to report its findings to 
Congress.
Sec. 10. Evaluation of Use of Additional Weaponry.
    This section requires the Secret Service to evaluate the 
use of additional weaponry, including non-lethal weapons, 
beyond what is in use at the time of enactment.
Sec. 11. Security Costs for Secondary Residences.
    This section enables the Secret Service to make necessary 
security upgrades to secondary residences of former Presidents.
Sec. 12. Establishment of Ethics Program Office.
    This section creates an Ethics Program Office within the 
Office of Chief Counsel of the United States Secret Service.
Sec. 13. Sense of Congress.
    This section provides a sense of Congress that 
determinations by the Department of Homeland Security or the 
Secret Service regarding changes to the physical security of 
the White House and its grounds should be given significant 
deference with the many entities that have a role in approving 
such changes, including the National Capital Planning 
Commission and the Commission of Fine Arts.

         Changes in Existing Law Made by the Bill, as Reported

    In compliance with clause 3(e) of rule XIII of the Rules of 
the House of Representatives, changes in existing law made by 
the bill, as reported, are shown as follows (existing law 
proposed to be omitted is enclosed in black brackets, new 
matter is printed in italics, and existing law in which no 
change is proposed is shown in roman):

                      TITLE 18, UNITED STATES CODE



           *       *       *       *       *       *       *
PART I--CRIMES

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


CHAPTER 41--EXTORTION AND THREATS

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


Sec. 879. Threats against former Presidents and certain other persons

    (a) Whoever knowingly and willfully threatens to kill, 
kidnap, or inflict bodily harm upon--
            (1) a former President or a member of the immediate 
        family of a former President;
            (2) a former Vice President or a member of the 
        immediate family of a former Vice President;
            [(2)] (3) a member of the immediate family of the 
        President, the President-elect, the Vice President, or 
        the Vice President-elect;
            [(3)] (4) a major candidate for the office of 
        President or Vice President, or a member of the 
        immediate family of such candidate; or
            [(4)] (5) a person protected by the Secret Service 
        under section 3056(a)(6);
shall be fined under this title or imprisoned not more than 5 
years, or both.
    (b) As used in this section--
            (1) the term ``immediate family'' means--
                    (A) with respect to [subsection (a)(1)] 
                paragraphs (1) and (2) of subsection (a) of 
                this section, the wife of a former President or 
                former Vice President during his lifetime, the 
                widow of a former President or former Vice 
                President until her death or remarriage, and 
                minor children of a former President or former 
                Vice President until they reach sixteen years 
                of age; and
                    (B) with respect to [subsection (a)(2) and 
                (a)(3)] paragraphs (3) and (4) of subsection 
                (a) of this section, a person to whom the 
                President, President-elect, Vice President, 
                Vice President-elect, or major candidate for 
                the office of President or Vice President--
                            (i) is related by blood, marriage, 
                        or adoption; or
                            (ii) stands in loco parentis;
            (2) the term ``major candidate for the office of 
        President or Vice President'' means a candidate 
        referred to in subsection (a)(7) of section 3056 of 
        this title; and
            (3) the terms ``President-elect'' and ``Vice 
        President-elect'' have the meanings given those terms 
        in section 871(b) of this title.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


    CHAPTER 84--PRESIDENTIAL AND PRESIDENTIAL STAFF ASSASSINATION, 
KIDNAPPING, AND ASSAULT

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


Sec. 1752. Restricted building or grounds

    (a) Whoever--
            (1) knowingly enters or remains in any restricted 
        building or grounds without lawful authority to do so;
            (2) knowingly, and with intent to impede or disrupt 
        the orderly conduct of Government business or official 
        functions, engages in disorderly or disruptive conduct 
        in, or within such proximity to, any restricted 
        building or grounds when, or so that, such conduct, in 
        fact, impedes or disrupts the orderly conduct of 
        Government business or official functions;
            (3) knowingly, and with the intent to impede or 
        disrupt the orderly conduct of Government business or 
        official functions, obstructs or impedes ingress or 
        egress to or from any restricted building or grounds; 
        [or]
            (4) knowingly engages in any act of physical 
        violence against any person or property in any 
        restricted building or grounds; or
            (5) knowingly, and with the intent to enter a 
        restricted building or grounds, causes any object to 
        enter any restricted building or grounds, when, or so 
        that, such object, in fact, impedes or disrupts the 
        orderly conduct of government business or official 
        functions;
or attempts or conspires to do so, shall be punished as 
provided in subsection (b).
    (b) The punishment for a violation of subsection (a) is--
            (1) a fine under this title or imprisonment for not 
        more than 10 years, or both, if--
                    (A) the person, during and in relation to 
                the offense, uses or carries a deadly or 
                dangerous weapon or firearm; or
                    (B) the offense results in significant 
                bodily injury as defined by section 2118(e)(3); 
                and
            (2) a fine under this title or imprisonment for not 
        more than one year, or both, in any other case.
    (c) In this section--
            (1) the term ``restricted buildings or grounds'' 
        means any posted, cordoned off, or otherwise restricted 
        area--
                    (A) of the White House or its grounds, or 
                the Vice President's official residence or its 
                grounds;
                    (B) of a building or grounds where the 
                President or other person protected by the 
                Secret Service is or will be temporarily 
                visiting; or
                    (C) of a building or grounds so restricted 
                in conjunction with an event designated as a 
                special event of national significance; and
            (2) the term ``other person protected by the Secret 
        Service'' means any person whom the United States 
        Secret Service is authorized to protect under section 
        3056 of this title or by Presidential memorandum, when 
        such person has not declined such protection.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


PART II--CRIMINAL PROCEDURE

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


CHAPTER 203--ARREST AND COMMITMENT

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


Sec. 3056. Powers, authorities, and duties of United States Secret 
                    Service

    (a) Under the direction of the Secretary of Homeland 
Security, the United States Secret Service is authorized to 
protect the following persons:
            (1) The President, the Vice President (or other 
        officer next in the order of succession to the Office 
        of President), the President-elect, and the Vice 
        President-elect.
            (2) The immediate families of those individuals 
        listed in paragraph (1).
            (3) Former Presidents and their spouses for their 
        lifetimes, except that protection of a spouse shall 
        terminate in the event of remarriage.
            (4) Children of a former President who are under 16 
        years of age.
            (5) Visiting heads of foreign states or foreign 
        governments.
            (6) Other distinguished foreign visitors to the 
        United States and official representatives of the 
        United States performing special missions abroad when 
        the President directs that such protection be provided.
            (7) Major Presidential and Vice Presidential 
        candidates and, within 120 days of the general 
        Presidential election, the spouses of such candidates. 
        As used in this paragraph, the term ``major 
        Presidential and Vice Presidential candidates'' means 
        those individuals identified as such by the Secretary 
        of Homeland Security after consultation with an 
        advisory committee consisting of the Speaker of the 
        House of Representatives, the minority leader of the 
        House of Representatives, the majority and minority 
        leaders of the Senate, and one additional member 
        selected by the other members of the committee. The 
        Committee shall not be subject to the Federal Advisory 
        Committee Act (5 U.S.C. App. 2).
            (8) Former Vice Presidents, their spouses, and 
        their children who are under 16 years of age, for a 
        period of not more than six months after the date the 
        former Vice President leaves office. The Secretary of 
        Homeland Security shall have the authority to direct 
        the Secret Service to provide temporary protection for 
        any of these individuals at any time thereafter if the 
        Secretary of Homeland Security or designee determines 
        that information or conditions warrant such protection.
The protection authorized in paragraphs (2) through (8) may be 
declined.
    (b) Under the direction of the Secretary of Homeland 
Security, the Secret Service is authorized to detect and arrest 
any person who violates--
            (1) section 508, 509, 510, 871, or 879 of this 
        title or, with respect to the Federal Deposit Insurance 
        Corporation, Federal land banks, and Federal land bank 
        associations, section 213, 216, 433, 493, 657, 709, 
        1006, 1007, 1011, 1013, 1014, 1907, or 1909 of this 
        title;
            (2) any of the laws of the United States relating 
        to coins, obligations, and securities of the United 
        States and of foreign governments; or
            (3) any of the laws of the United States relating 
        to electronic fund transfer frauds, access device 
        frauds, false identification documents or devices, and 
        any fraud or other criminal or unlawful activity in or 
        against any federally insured financial institution; 
        except that the authority conferred by this paragraph 
        shall be exercised subject to the agreement of the 
        Attorney General and the Secretary of Homeland Security 
        and shall not affect the authority of any other Federal 
        law enforcement agency with respect to those laws.
    (c)(1) Under the direction of the Secretary of Homeland 
Security, officers and agents of the Secret Service are 
authorized to--
            (A) execute warrants issued under the laws of the 
        United States;
            (B) carry firearms;
            (C) make arrests without warrant for any offense 
        against the United States committed in their presence, 
        or for any felony cognizable under the laws of the 
        United States if they have reasonable grounds to 
        believe that the person to be arrested has committed or 
        is committing such felony;
            (D) offer and pay rewards for services and 
        information leading to the apprehension of persons 
        involved in the violation or potential violation of 
        those provisions of law which the Secret Service is 
        authorized to enforce;
            (E) pay expenses for unforeseen emergencies of a 
        confidential nature under the direction of the 
        Secretary of Homeland Security and accounted for solely 
        on the Secretary's certificate; and
            (F) perform such other functions and duties as are 
        authorized by law.
    (2) Funds expended from appropriations available to the 
Secret Service for the purchase of counterfeits and 
subsequently recovered shall be reimbursed to the 
appropriations available to the Secret Service at the time of 
the reimbursement.
    (d) Whoever knowingly and willfully obstructs, resists, or 
interferes with a Federal law enforcement agent engaged in the 
performance of the protective functions authorized by this 
section or by section 1752 of this title shall be fined not 
more than $1,000 or imprisoned not more than one year, or both.
    (e)(1) When directed by the President, the United States 
Secret Service is authorized to participate, under the 
direction of the Secretary of Homeland Security, in the 
planning, coordination, and implementation of security 
operations at special events of national significance, as 
determined by the President.
    (2) At the end of each fiscal year, the President through 
such agency or office as the President may designate, shall 
report to the Congress--
            (A) what events, if any, were designated special 
        events of national significance for security purposes 
        under paragraph (1); and
            (B) the criteria and information used in making 
        each designation.
    (f) Under the direction of the Secretary of Homeland 
Security, the Secret Service is authorized, at the request of 
any State or local law enforcement agency, or at the request of 
the National Center for Missing and Exploited Children, to 
provide forensic and investigative assistance in support of any 
investigation involving missing or exploited children.
    (g) The United States Secret Service shall be maintained as 
a distinct entity within the Department of Homeland Security 
and shall not be merged with any other Department function. No 
personnel and operational elements of the United States Secret 
Service shall report to an individual other than the Director 
of the United States Secret Service, who shall report directly 
to the Secretary of Homeland Security without being required to 
report through any other official of the Department.
    (h) The Director of the Secret Service shall be appointed 
by the President, by and with the advice and consent of the 
Senate. The Director of the Secret Service is the head of the 
Secret Service.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

                              ----------                              


             PRESIDENTIAL PROTECTION ASSISTANCE ACT OF 1976



           *       *       *       *       *       *       *
    Sec. 3. (a) Each protectee may designate one non-
governmental property to be fully secured by the secret service 
on a permanent basis.
    (b) A protectee may thereafter designate a different non-
Governmental property in lieu of the non-Governmental property 
previously designated under subsection (a) (hereinafter in this 
Act referred to as the ``previously designated property'') as 
the one non-Governmental property to be fully secured by the 
Secret Service on a permanent basis under subsection (a). 
Thereafter, [any expenditures by the Secret Service to maintain 
a permanent guard detail or for permanent facilities, 
equipment, and services to secure the non-Governmental property 
previously designated under subsection (a) shall be subject to 
the limitations imposed under section 4] any expenditures by 
the Secret Service for permanent facilities, equipment, and 
services to secure the non-Governmental property previously 
designated under subsection (a) are subject to the requirements 
set forth in section 4.
    (c) For the purposes of this section, where two or more 
protectees share the same domicile, such protectees shall be 
deemed a single protectee.
    [Sec. 4. Expenditures by the Secret Service for maintaining 
a permanent guard detail and for permanent facilities, 
equipment, and services to secure any non-Governmental property 
in addition to the one non-Governmental property designated by 
each protectee under subsection 3(a) or 3(b) may not exceed a 
cumulative total of $200,000 at each such additional non-
Governmental property, unless expenditures in excess of that 
amount are specifically approved by resolutions adopted by the 
Committees on Appropriations of the House and Senate, 
respectively.]

SEC. 4. NOTIFICATION REGARDING EXPENDITURES ON NON-GOVERNMENTAL 
                    PROPERTIES.

    The Secret Service shall notify the Committees on 
Appropriations of the House and Senate of any expenditures for 
permanent facilities, equipment, and services to secure any 
non-Governmental property in addition to the one non-
Governmental property designated by each protectee under 
subsection (a) or (b) of section 3.
    Sec. 5. (a) All improvements and other items acquired by 
the federal government and used for the purpose of securing any 
non-governmental property in the performance of the duties of 
the secret service shall be the property of the United States.
    (b) Upon termination of Secret Service protection at any 
non-Governmental property all such improvements and other items 
shall be removed from the non-Governmental property unless the 
Director determines that it would not be economically feasible 
to do so; except that such improvements and other items shall 
be removed and the non-Governmental property shall be restored 
to its original state if the owner of such property at the time 
of termination requests the removal of such improvements or 
other items. If any such improvements or other items are not 
removed, the owner of the non-Governmental property at the time 
of termination shall compensate the United States for the 
original cost of such improvements or other items or for the 
amount by which they have increased the fair market value of 
the property, as determined by the Director, as of the date of 
termination, whichever is less.
    (c) In the event that any non-Governmental property becomes 
a previously designated property and Secret Service protection 
at that property has not been terminated, all such improvements 
and other items which the Director determines are not necessary 
to secure the previously designated property [within the 
limitations imposed under section 4] shall be removed or 
compensated for in accordance with the procedures set forth 
under Subsection (b) of this section.

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