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114th Congress}                                               {Report
 1st Session  }          HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES             {114-270                                                              

_______________________________________________________________________


     NATIONAL DEFENSE AUTHORIZATION ACT FOR FISCAL YEAR 2016


                               __________


                           CONFERENCE REPORT

                              to accompany

                               H.R. 1735




                                     

               


               September 29, 2015.--Ordered to be printed
               
                            _____________
               
                  U.S. GOVERNMENT PUBLISHING OFFICE

95-996                    WASHINGTON : 2015



               
                            C O N T E N T S

                              ----------                              

CONFERENCE REPORT................................................     1
JOINT EXPLANATORY STATEMENT OF THE COMMITTEE OF CONFERENCE.......   603
        Compliance with rules of the House of Representatives and 
          Senate regarding earmarks and congressionally directed 
          spending items.........................................   603
        Summary of discretionary authorizations and budget 
          implication............................................   603
        Budgetary effects of this Act (sec. 4)...................   604
DIVISION A--DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE AUTHORIZATIONS.................   604
TITLE I--PROCUREMENT.............................................   604
    Budget Items.................................................   604
      Army.......................................................   604
        Stryker vehicle lethality upgrades.......................   604
      Air Force..................................................   605
        C-130H Modifications.....................................   605
    Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations..................   605
        Authorization of appropriations (sec. 101)...............   605
    Subtitle B--Army Programs....................................   605
        Prioritization of upgraded UH-60 Blackhawk helicopters 
          within Army National Guard (sec. 111)..................   605
        Roadmap for replacement of A/MH-6 Mission Enhanced Little 
          Bird aircraft to meet special operations requirements 
          (sec. 112).............................................   606
        Report on Options to Accelerate Replacement of UH-60A 
          Blackhawk Helicopters of Army National Guard (sec. 113)   606
        Sense of Congress on Tactical Wheeled Vehicle Protection 
          Kits (sec. 114)........................................   606
    Subtitle C--Navy Programs....................................   606
        Modification of CVN-78 class aircraft carrier program 
          (sec. 121).............................................   606
        Amendment to cost limitation baseline for CVN-78 class 
          aircraft carrier program (sec. 122)....................   607
        Extension and modification of limitation on availability 
          of funds for Littoral Combat Ship (sec. 123)...........   608
        Modification to multiyear procurement authority for 
          Arleigh Burke-class destroyers and associated systems 
          (sec. 124).............................................   608
        Procurement of additional Arleigh Burke class destroyer 
          (sec. 125).............................................   609
        Refueling and complex overhaul of the USS George 
          Washington (sec. 126)..................................   609
        Fleet replenishment oiler program (sec. 127).............   610
        Limitation on availability of funds for USS John F. 
          Kennedy (CVN-79) (sec. 128)............................   610
        Limitation on availability of funds for USS Enterprise 
          (CVN-80) (sec. 129)....................................   610
        Limitation on availability of funds for Littoral Combat 
          Ship (sec. 130)........................................   610
        Reporting requirement for Ohio-class replacement 
          submarine program (sec. 131)...........................   611
    Subtitle D--Air Force Programs...............................   611
        Backup inventory status of A-10 aircraft (sec. 141)......   611
        Prohibition on availability of funds for retirement of A-
          10 aircraft. (sec. 142)................................   611
        Prohibition on availability of funds for retirement of 
          EC-130H Compass Call aircraft (sec. 143)...............   612
        Prohibition on availability of funds for retirement of 
          Joint Surveillance Target Attack Radar System, EC-130H 
          Compass Call, and Airborne Warning and Control System 
          aircraft (sec. 144)....................................   612
        Limitation on availability of funds for F-35A aircraft 
          procurement (sec. 145).................................   612
        Prohibition on availability of funds for retirement of 
          KC-10 aircraft (sec. 146)..............................   613
        Limitation on availability of funds for transfer of C-130 
          aircraft (sec. 147)....................................   613
        Limitation on availability of funds for executive 
          communications upgrades for C-20 and C-37 aircraft 
          (sec. 148).............................................   613
        Limitation on use of funds for T-1A Jayhawk aircraft 
          (sec. 149).............................................   613
        Notification of retirement of B-1, B-2, and B-52 bomber 
          aircraft (sec. 150)....................................   614
        Inventory requirement for fighter aircraft of the Air 
          Force (sec. 151).......................................   614
        Sense of Congress regarding the OCONUS basing of F-35A 
          aircraft (sec. 152)....................................   615
    Subtitle E--Defense-Wide, Joint, and Multiservice Matters....   615
        Limitation on availability of funds for Joint Battle 
          Command-Platform (sec. 161)............................   615
        Report on Army and Marine Corps modernization plan for 
          small arms (sec. 162)..................................   616
        Study on use of different types of enhanced 5.56mm 
          ammunition by the Army and the Marine Corps (sec. 163).   616
    Legislative Provisions Not Adopted...........................   616
        Limitation on Availability of Funds for AN/TPQ-53 Radar 
          Systems................................................   616
        Stationing of C-130 H aircraft avionics previously 
          modified by the Avionics Modernization Program (AMP) in 
          support of daily training and contingency requirements 
          for Airborne and Special Operations Forces.............   616
        Sense of Congress on F-16 Active Electronically Scanned 
          Array (AESA) radar upgrade.............................   617
        Stryker Lethality Upgrades...............................   617
TITLE II--RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT, TEST, AND EVALUATION............   617
    Budget Items.................................................   617
        Unmanned Carrier-Launched Airborne Surveillance and 
          Strike System..........................................   617
        Integrated personnel and pay system for Army.............   618
    Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations..................   619
        Authorization of appropriations (sec. 201)...............   619
    Subtitle B--Program Requirements, Restrictions, and 
      Limitations................................................   619
        Centers for Science, Technology, and Engineering 
          Partnership (sec. 211).................................   619
        Expansion of eligibility for financial assistance under 
          Department of Defense Science, Mathematics, and 
          Research for Transformation program to include citizens 
          of countries participating in The Technical Cooperation 
          Program (sec. 212).....................................   619
        Expansion of education partnerships to support technology 
          transfer and transition (sec. 213).....................   620
        Improvement to coordination and communication of Defense 
          research activities (sec. 214).........................   620
        Reauthorization of Global Research Watch program (sec. 
          215)...................................................   620
        Reauthorization of Defense research and development Rapid 
          Innovation Program (sec. 216)..........................   621
        Science and technology activities to support business 
          systems information technology acquisition programs 
          (sec. 217).............................................   621
        Department of Defense technology offset program to build 
          and maintain the technological superiority of the 
          United States (sec. 218)...............................   621
        Limitation on availability of funds for F-15 infrared 
          search and track capability development (sec. 219).....   623
        Limitation on availability of funds for development of 
          the shallow water combat submersible (sec. 220)........   623
        Limitation on availability of funds for Medical 
          Countermeasures Program (sec. 221).....................   623
        Limitation on availability of funds for distributed 
          common ground system of the Army (sec. 222)............   624
        Limitation on availability of funds for distributed 
          common ground system of the United States Special 
          Operations Command (sec. 223)..........................   624
        Integrated personnel and pay system for Army (sec. 224)..   624
    Subtitle C--Reports and Other Matters........................   625
        Streamlining the Joint Federated Assurance Center (sec. 
          231)...................................................   625
        Demonstration of persistent close air support 
          capabilities (sec. 232)................................   625
        Strategies for engagement with historically black 
          colleges and universities and minority-serving 
          institutions of higher education (sec. 233)............   626
        Report on commercial-off-the-shelf wide-area surveillance 
          systems for Army tactical unmanned aerial systems (sec. 
          234)...................................................   626
        Report on Tactical Combat Training System Increment II 
          (sec. 235).............................................   626
        Report on technology readiness levels of the technologies 
          and capabilities critical to the long range strike 
          bomber aircraft (sec. 236).............................   627
        Assessment of Air-Land Mobile Tactical Communications and 
          Data Network Requirements and Capabilities (sec. 237)..   627
        Study of field failures involving counterfeit electronic 
          parts (sec. 238).......................................   628
        Airborne data link plan (sec. 239).......................   628
        Plan for advanced weapons technology war games (sec. 240)   628
        Independent assessment of F135 engine program (sec. 241).   628
        Comptroller General Review of autonomic logistics 
          information system for F-35 Lightning II aircraft (sec. 
          242)...................................................   629
        Sense of Congress regarding facilitation of a high 
          quality technical workforce (sec. 243).................   629
    Legislative Provisions Not Adopted...........................   630
        Report on graduate fellowships in support of science, 
          mathematics, and engineering education.................   630
        Funding for MV-22A Digital Interoperability Program......   630
    Items of Special Interest....................................   630
        Apportionment of small business funds under continuing 
          resolutions............................................   630
        Expedited approval for attendance at conferences in 
          support of science and innovation activities of 
          Department of Defense and the National Nuclear Security 
          Administration.........................................   630
        Protection of advanced technologies......................   632
TITLE III--OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE.............................   632
    Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations..................   632
        Authorization of appropriations (sec. 301)...............   632
    Subtitle B--Energy and the Environment.......................   632
        Limitation on procurement of drop-in fuels (sec. 311)....   632
        Southern Sea Otter Military Readiness Areas (sec. 312)...   632
        Modification of energy management reporting requirements 
          (sec. 313).............................................   633
        Revision to scope of statutorily required review of 
          projects relating to potential obstructions to aviation 
          so as to apply only to energy projects (sec. 314)......   633
        Exclusions from definition of ``chemical substance'' 
          under Toxic Substances Control Act (sec. 315)..........   633
    Subtitle C--Logistics and Sustainment........................   634
        Repeal of limitation on authority to enter into a 
          contract for the sustainment, maintenance, repair, or 
          overhaul of the F117 engine (sec. 322).................   634
        Pilot programs for availability of working-capital funds 
          for product improvements (sec. 323)....................   634
    Subtitle D--Reports..........................................   634
        Modification of annual report on prepositioned materiel 
          and equipment (sec. 331)...............................   634
        Report on merger of Office of Assistant Secretary for 
          Operational Energy Plans and Deputy Under Secretary for 
          Installations and Environment (sec. 332)...............   634
        Report on equipment purchased noncompetitively from 
          foreign entities (sec. 333)............................   634
    Subtitle E--Other Matters....................................   635
        Prohibition on contracts making payments for honoring 
          members of the Armed Forces at sporting events (sec. 
          341)...................................................   635
        Military animals: transfer and adoption (sec. 342).......   635
        Temporary authority to extend contracts and leases under 
          the ARMS Initiative (sec. 343).........................   635
        Improvements to Department of Defense excess property 
          disposal (sec. 344)....................................   635
        Limitation on use of funds for Department of Defense 
          sponsorships, advertising, or marketing associated with 
          sports-related organizations or sporting events (sec. 
          345)...................................................   636
        Additional requirements for streamlining of Department of 
          Defense management headquarters (sec. 346).............   636
    Legislative Provisions Not Adopted...........................   637
        Additional authorization of appropriations for the Office 
          of Economic Adjustment.................................   637
        Report on efforts to reduce high energy costs at military 
          installations..........................................   637
        Exemption of Department of Defense from alternative fuel 
          procurement............................................   637
        Limitation on plan, design, refurbishing, or construction 
          of biofuels refineries.................................   637
        Comprehensive study on impact of proposed ozone rule.....   638
        Assignment of certain new requirements based on 
          determinations of cost-efficiency......................   638
        Access to wireless high-speed Internet and network 
          connections for certain members of the Armed Forces 
          deployed overseas......................................   639
        Assessment of outreach for small business concerns owned 
          and controlled by women and minorities required before 
          conversion of certain functions to contractor 
          performance............................................   639
        Pilot program on intensive instruction in certain Asian 
          languages..............................................   639
        Sense of Senate on finding efficiencies within the 
          working-capital fund activities of the Department of 
          Defense................................................   640
TITLE IV--MILITARY PERSONNEL AUTHORIZATIONS......................   640
    Subtitle A--Active Forces....................................   640
        End strengths for active forces (sec. 401)...............   640
        Revisions in permanent active duty end strength minimum 
          levels (sec. 402)......................................   640
    Subtitle B--Reserve Forces...................................   641
        End strengths for Selected Reserve (sec. 411)............   641
        End strengths for reserves on active duty in support of 
          the reserves (sec. 412)................................   641
        End strengths for military technicians (dual status) 
          (sec. 413).............................................   642
        Fiscal year 2016 limitation on number of non-dual status 
          technicians (sec. 414).................................   642
        Maximum number of reserve personnel authorized to be on 
          active duty for operational support (sec. 415).........   643
    Subtitle C--Authorization of Appropriations..................   643
        Military personnel (sec. 421)............................   643
        Report on force structure of the Army (sec. 422).........   643
    Legislative Provisions Not Adopted...........................   644
        Chief of the National Guard Bureau authority to increase 
          certain end strengths applicable to the Army National 
          Guard..................................................   644
TITLE V--MILITARY PERSONNEL POLICY...............................   644
    Subtitle A--Officer Personnel Policy.........................   644
        Reinstatement of enhanced authority for selective early 
          discharge of warrant officers (sec. 501)...............   644
        Equitable treatment of junior officers excluded from an 
          all-fully-qualified officers list because of 
          administrative error (sec. 502)........................   644
        Enhanced flexibility for determination of officers to 
          continue on active duty and for selective early 
          retirement and early discharge (sec. 503)..............   645
        Authority to defer until age 68 mandatory retirement for 
          age of a general or flag officer serving as Chief or 
          Deputy Chief of Chaplains of the Army, Navy or Air 
          Force (sec. 504).......................................   645
        General rule for warrant officer retirement in highest 
          grade held satisfactorily (sec. 505)...................   645
        Implementation of Comptroller General recommendation on 
          the definition and availability of costs associated 
          with general and flag officers and their aides (sec. 
          506)...................................................   645
    Subtitle B--Reserve Component Management.....................   646
        Continued service in the Ready Reserve by Members of 
          Congress who are also members of the Ready Reserve 
          (sec. 511).............................................   646
        Clarification of purpose of reserve component special 
          selection boards as limited to correction of error at a 
          mandatory promotion board (sec. 512)...................   646
        Increase in number of days of Active Duty required to be 
          performed by reserve component members for duty to be 
          considered Federal service for purposes of unemployment 
          compensation for ex-servicemembers (sec. 513)..........   646
        Temporary authority to use Air Force reserve component 
          personnel to provide training and instruction regarding 
          pilot training (sec. 514)..............................   646
        Assessment of Military Compensation and Retirement 
          Modernization Commission recommendation regarding 
          consolidation of authorities to order members of 
          Reserve components to perform duty (sec. 515)..........   647
    Subtitle C--General Service Authorities......................   648
        Limited authority for Secretary concerned to initiate 
          applications for correction of military records (sec. 
          521)...................................................   648
        Temporary authority to develop and provide additional 
          recruitment incentives (sec. 522)......................   648
        Expansion of authority to conduct pilot programs on 
          career flexibility to enhance retention of members of 
          the Armed Forces (sec. 523)............................   648
        Modification of notice and wait requirements for change 
          in ground combat exclusion policy for female members of 
          the Armed Forces (sec. 524)............................   648
        Role of Secretary of Defense in development of gender-
          neutral occupational standards (sec. 525)..............   649
        Establishment of process by which members of the Armed 
          Forces may carry an appropriate firearm on a military 
          installation (sec. 526)................................   649
        Establishment of breastfeeding policy for the Department 
          of the Army (sec. 527).................................   650
        Sense of Congress recognizing the diversity of the 
          members of the Armed Forces (sec. 528).................   650
    Subtitle D--Military Justice, Including Sexual Assault and 
      Domestic Prevention and Response...........................   650
        Enforcement of certain crime victim rights by the Court 
          of Criminal Appeals (sec. 531).........................   650
        Department of Defense civilian employee access to Special 
          Victims' Counsel (sec. 532)............................   650
        Authority of Special Victims' Counsel to provide legal 
          consultation and assistance in connection with various 
          government proceedings (sec. 533)......................   651
        Timely notification to victims of sex-related offenses of 
          the availability of assistance from Special Victims' 
          Counsel (sec. 534).....................................   651
        Additional improvements to Special Victims' Counsel 
          program (sec. 535).....................................   651
        Enhancement of confidentiality of restricted reporting of 
          sexual assault in the military (sec. 536)..............   652
        Modification of deadline for establishment of Defense 
          Advisory Committee on Investigation, Prosecution, and 
          Defense of Sexual Assault in the Armed Forces (sec. 
          537)...................................................   652
        Improved Department of Defense prevention and response to 
          sexual assaults in which the victim is a male member of 
          the Armed Forces (sec. 538)............................   652
        Preventing retaliation against members of the Armed 
          Forces who report or intervene on behalf of the victim 
          of an alleged sex-related offense (sec. 539)...........   653
        Sexual assault prevention and response training for 
          administrators and instructors of Senior Reserve 
          Officers' Training Corps (sec. 540)....................   653
        Retention of case notes in investigations of sex-related 
          offenses involving members of the Army, Navy, Air 
          Force, or Marine Corps (sec. 541)......................   653
        Comptroller General of the United States reports on 
          prevention and response to sexual assault by the Army 
          National Guard and the Army Reserve (sec. 542).........   654
        Improved implementation of changes to Uniform Code of 
          Military Justice (sec. 543)............................   654
        Modification of Rule 104 of the Rules for Courts-Martial 
          to establish certain prohibitions concerning 
          evaluations of Special Victims' Counsel (sec. 544).....   654
        Modification of Rule 304 of the Military Rules of 
          Evidence relating to the corroboration of a confession 
          or admission (sec. 545)................................   654
    Subtitle E--Member Education, Training, and Transition.......   655
        Enhancements to Yellow Ribbon Reintegration Program (sec. 
          551)...................................................   655
        Availability of preseparation counseling for members of 
          the Armed Forces discharged or released after limited 
          Active Duty (sec. 552).................................   655
        Availability of additional training opportunities under 
          Transition Assistance Program (sec. 553)...............   655
        Modification of requirement for in-resident instruction 
          for courses of instruction offered as part of Phase II 
          Joint Professional Military Education (sec. 554).......   655
        Termination of program of educational assistance for 
          reserve component members supporting contingency 
          operations and other operations (sec. 555).............   656
        Appointments to military service academies from 
          nominations made by Delegates in Congress from the 
          Virgin Islands, Guam, American Samoa, and the 
          Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (sec. 556)   656
        Support for athletic programs of the United States 
          Military Academy (sec. 557)............................   656
        Condition on admission of defense industrial civilians to 
          attend the United States Air Force Institute of 
          Technology (sec. 558)..................................   657
        Quality assurance of certification programs and standards 
          for professional credentials obtained by members of the 
          Armed Forces (sec. 559)................................   657
        Prohibition on receipt of unemployment insurance while 
          receiving post-9/11 educational assistance (sec. 560)..   657
        Job training and post-service placement executive 
          committee (sec. 561)...................................   658
        Recognition of additional involuntary mobilization duty 
          authorities exempt from five-year limit on reemployment 
          rights of persons who serve in the uniformed services 
          (sec. 562).............................................   658
        Expansion of outreach for veterans transitioning from 
          serving on Active Duty (sec. 563)......................   658
    Subtitle F--Defense Dependents' Education and Military Family 
      Readiness Matters..........................................   658
        Continuation of authority to assist local educational 
          agencies that benefit dependents of members of the 
          Armed Forces and Department of Defense civilian 
          employees (sec. 571)...................................   658
        Impact aid for children with severe disabilities (sec. 
          572)...................................................   658
        Authority to use appropriated funds to support Department 
          of Defense student meal programs in domestic dependent 
          elementary and secondary schools located outside the 
          United States (sec. 573)...............................   659
        Family support programs for immediate family members of 
          members of the Armed Forces assigned to special 
          operations forces (sec. 574)...........................   659
    Subtitle G--Decorations and Awards...........................   659
        Authorization for award of the Distinguished-Service 
          Cross for acts of extraordinary heroism during the 
          Korean war (sec. 581)..................................   659
    Subtitle H--Miscellaneous Reports and Other Matters..........   659
        Coordination with non-government suicide prevention 
          organizations and agencies to assist in reducing 
          suicides by members of the Armed Forces (sec. 591).....   659
        Extension of semiannual reports on the involuntary 
          separation of members of the Armed Forces (sec. 592)...   660
        Report on preliminary mental health screenings for 
          individuals becoming members of the Armed Forces (sec. 
          593)...................................................   660
        Report regarding new rulemaking under the Military 
          Lending Act and Defense Manpower Data Center reports 
          and meetings (sec. 594)................................   660
        Remotely piloted aircraft career field manning shortfalls 
          (sec. 595).............................................   661
    Legislative Provisions Not Adopted...........................   661
        Authority of promotion boards to recommend officers of 
          particular merit be placed at the top of the promotion 
          list...................................................   661
        Minimum grades for certain corps and related positions in 
          the Army, Navy, and Air Force..........................   661
        Authority to designate certain Reserve officers as not to 
          be considered for selection for promotion..............   662
        Exemption of military technicians (dual status) from 
          civilian employee furloughs............................   662
        Reconciliation of contradictory provisions relating to 
          citizenship qualifications for enlistment in the 
          reserve components of the Armed Forces.................   662
        Annual report on personnel, training, and equipment 
          requirements for the non-federalized National Guard to 
          support civilian authorities in prevention and response 
          to non-catastrophic domestic disasters.................   663
        National Guard civil and defense support activities and 
          related matters........................................   663
        Electronic tracking of operational active-duty service 
          performed by members of the Ready Reserve of the Armed 
          Forces.................................................   663
        Limitation on tuition assistance for off-duty training or 
          education..............................................   664
        Reports on educational levels attained by certain members 
          of the Armed Forces at time of separation from the 
          Armed Forces...........................................   664
        Sense of Congress on transferability of unused education 
          benefits to family members.............................   664
        Burdens of proof applicable to investigations and reviews 
          related to protected communications of members of the 
          Armed Forces and prohibited retaliatory actions........   664
        Revision of name on military service record to reflect 
          change in gender identity after separation from the 
          Armed Forces...........................................   664
        Online access to the higher education component of the 
          Transition Assistance Program..........................   665
        Access to Special Victims' Counsel for former dependents 
          of members and former members of the Armed Forces......   665
        Participation by victim in punitive proceedings and 
          access to records......................................   665
        Victim access to report of results of preliminary hearing 
          under Article 32 of the Uniform Code of Military 
          Justice................................................   665
        Minimum confinement period required for conviction of 
          certain sex-related offenses committed by members of 
          the Armed Forces.......................................   666
        Right of victims of offenses under the Uniform Code of 
          Military Justice to timely disclosure of certain 
          materials and information in connection with 
          prosecution of offenses................................   666
        Release to victims upon request of complete record of 
          proceedings and testimony of courts-martial in cases in 
          which sentences adjudged could include punitive 
          discharge..............................................   666
        Modification of Manual for Courts-Martial to require 
          consistent preparation of the full record of trial.....   667
        Inclusion of additional information in annual reports 
          regarding Department of Defense sexual assault 
          prevention and response................................   667
        Establishment of Office of Complex Investigations within 
          the National Guard Bureau..............................   667
        Additional guidance regarding release of mental health 
          records of Department of Defense medical treatment 
          facilities in cases involving any sex-related offense..   667
        Public availability of records of certain proceedings 
          under the Uniform Code of Military Justice.............   668
        Revision of Department of Defense Directive-Type 
          memorandum 15-003, relating to registered sex offender 
          identification, notification, and monitoring in the 
          Department of Defense..................................   668
        Sense of Congress on the service of military families and 
          on sentencing retirement-eligible members of the Armed 
          Forces.................................................   668
        Biennial surveys of military dependents on military 
          family readiness matters...............................   669
        Direct employment pilot program for members of the 
          National Guard and Reserve.............................   669
        Program regarding civilian credentialing for skills 
          required for certain military occupational specialties.   669
        Mariner training.........................................   669
        Report on civilian and military education to respond to 
          future threats.........................................   669
        Availability of cyber security and IT certifications for 
          Department of Defense personnel critical to network 
          defense................................................   670
        Support for efforts to improve academic achievement and 
          transition of military dependent students..............   670
        Study regarding feasibility of using DEERS to track 
          dependents of members of the Armed Forces and 
          Department of Defense civilian employees who are 
          elementary or secondary education students.............   670
        Sense of Congress regarding support for dependents of 
          members of the Armed Forces attending specialized camps   671
        Limitation on authority of secretaries of the military 
          departments regarding revocation of combat valor awards   671
        Award of Purple Heart to members of the Armed Forces who 
          were victims of the Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, bombing...   671
        Atomic Veterans Service Medal............................   671
        Posthumous commission as a captain in the regular Army 
          for Milton Holland.....................................   671
        Sense of Congress supporting the decision of the Army to 
          posthumously promote Master Sergeant (retired) Naomi 
          Horwitz to sergeant major..............................   672
        Priority processing of applications for Transportation 
          Worker Identification Credentials for members 
          undergoing discharge or release from the Armed Forces..   672
        Issuance of Recognition of Service ID Cards to certain 
          members separating from the Armed Forces...............   672
        Revised policy on network services for military services.   673
        Honoring certain members of the Reserve components as 
          veterans...............................................   673
        Improved enumeration of members of the Armed Forces in 
          any tabulation of total population by Secretary of 
          Commerce...............................................   673
        Sense of Congress regarding support for military divers..   674
        Sense of Congress on desirability of service-wide 
          adoption of Gold Star Installation Access Card.........   674
        Annual report on performance of regional offices of the 
          Department of Veterans Affairs.........................   674
TITLE VI--COMPENSATION AND OTHER PERSONNEL BENEFITS..............   674
    Subtitle A--Pay and Allowances...............................   674
        No fiscal year 2016 increase in basic pay for general and 
          flag officers (sec. 601)...............................   674
        Limitation on eligibility for supplemental subsistence 
          allowances to members serving outside the United States 
          and associated territory (sec. 602)....................   675
        Phased-in modification of percentage of national average 
          monthly cost of housing usable in computation of basic 
          allowance for housing inside the United States (sec. 
          603)...................................................   675
        Extension of authority to provide temporary increase in 
          rates of basic allowance for housing under certain 
          circumstances (sec. 604)...............................   675
        Availability of information under the Food and Nutrition 
          Act of 2008 (sec. 605).................................   676
    Subtitle B--Bonuses and Special and Incentive Pays...........   676
        One-year extension of certain bonus and special pay 
          authorities for reserve forces (sec. 611)..............   676
        One-year extension of certain bonus and special pay 
          authorities for health care professionals (sec. 612)...   676
        One-year extension of special pay and bonus authorities 
          for nuclear officers (sec. 613)........................   676
        One-year extension of authorities relating to title 37 
          consolidated special pay, incentive pay, and bonus 
          authorities (sec. 614).................................   677
        One-year extension of authorities relating to payment of 
          other title 37 bonuses and special pays (sec. 615).....   677
        Increase in maximum annual amount of nuclear officer 
          bonus pay (sec. 616)...................................   677
        Modification to special aviation incentive pay and bonus 
          authority for officers (sec. 617)......................   677
        Repeal of obsolete authority to pay bonus to encourage 
          Army personnel to refer persons for enlistment in the 
          Army (sec. 618)........................................   678
    Subtitle C--Travel and Transportation Allowances.............   678
        Transportation to transfer ceremonies for family and next 
          of kin of members of the Armed Forces who die overseas 
          during humanitarian operations (sec. 621)..............   678
        Repeal of obsolete special travel and transportation 
          allowance for survivors of deceased members of the 
          Armed Forces from the Vietnam conflict (sec. 622)......   678
        Study and report on policy changes to the Joint Travel 
          Regulations (sec. 623).................................   678
    Subtitle D--Disability Pay, Retired Pay, and Survivor 
      Benefits...................................................   678
      Part I--Retired Pay Reform.................................   678
        Modernized retirement system for members of the uniformed 
          services (sec. 631)....................................   678
        Full participation for members of the uniformed services 
          in the Thrift Savings Plan (sec. 632)..................   679
        Lump sum payments of certain retired pay (sec. 633)......   680
        Continuation pay after 12 years of service for members of 
          the uniformed services participating in the modernized 
          retirement systems (sec. 634)..........................   680
        Effective date and implementation (sec. 635).............   680
      Part II--Other Matters.....................................   680
        Death of former spouse beneficiaries and subsequent 
          remarriages under Survivor Benefit Plan (sec. 641).....   680
    Subtitle E--Commissary and Non-Appropriated Fund 
      Instrumentality Benefits and Operations....................   681
        Plan to obtain budget-neutrality for the defense 
          commissary system and the military exchange system 
          (sec. 651).............................................   681
        Comptroller General of the United States report on the 
          Commissary Surcharge, Non-appropriated Fund, and 
          Privately-financed Major Construction Program (sec. 
          652)...................................................   682
    Subtitle F--Other Matters....................................   682
        Improvement of financial literacy and preparedness of 
          members of the Armed Forces (sec. 661).................   682
        Recordation of obligations for installment payments of 
          incentive pays, allowances, and similar benefits when 
          payment is due (sec. 662)..............................   682
    Legislative Provisions Not Adopted...........................   683
        Prohibition on per diem allowance reductions based on the 
          duration of temporary duty assignment or civilian 
          travel.................................................   683
        Basic allowance for housing for members of the Uniformed 
          Services who live together.............................   683
        Repeal of inapplicability of modification of basic 
          allowance for housing to benefits under the laws 
          administered by the Secretary of Veterans Affairs......   683
        Policies of the Department of Defense on travel of next 
          of kin to participate in the dignified transfer of 
          remains of members of the Armed Forces and civilian 
          employees of the Department of Defense who die overseas   684
        Authority for retirement flexibility for members of the 
          uniformed services.....................................   684
        Preserving assured commissary supply to Asia and the 
          Pacific................................................   684
        Prohibition on replacement or consolidation of defense 
          commissary and exchange systems pending submission of 
          required report on Defense Commissary System...........   684
        Transitional compensation and other benefits for 
          dependents of members of the Armed Forces ineligible to 
          receive retired pay as a result of court-martial 
          sentence...............................................   684
        Commissary system matters................................   685
        Availability for purchase of Department of Veterans 
          Affairs memorial headstones and markers for members of 
          reserve components who performed certain training......   685
TITLE VII--HEALTH CARE PROVISIONS................................   685
    Subtitle A--TRICARE and Other Health Care Benefits...........   686
        Access to TRICARE Prime for certain beneficiaries (sec. 
          701)...................................................   686
        Modifications of cost-sharing for the TRICARE pharmacy 
          benefits program (sec. 702)............................   686
        Expansion of continued health benefits coverage to 
          include discharged and released members of the Selected 
          Reserve (sec. 703).....................................   687
        Access to health care under the TRICARE program for 
          beneficiaries of TRICARE Prime (sec. 704)..............   687
        Expansion of reimbursement for smoking cessation services 
          for certain TRICARE beneficiaries (sec. 705)...........   687
    Subtitle B--Health Care Administration.......................   688
        Waiver of recoupment of erroneous payments caused by 
          administrative error under the TRICARE program (sec. 
          711)...................................................   688
        Publication of data on patient safety, quality of care, 
          satisfaction, and health outcome measures under the 
          TRICARE program (sec. 712).............................   688
        Expansion of evaluation of effectiveness of the TRICARE 
          program to include information on patient safety, 
          quality of care, and access to care at military medical 
          treatment facilities (sec. 713)........................   688
        Portability of health plans under the TRICARE program 
          (sec. 714).............................................   689
        Joint uniform formulary for transition of care (sec. 715)   689
        Licensure of mental health professionals in TRICARE 
          program (sec. 716).....................................   689
        Designation of certain non-Department mental health care 
          providers with knowledge relating to treatment of 
          members of the Armed Forces (sec. 717).................   690
        Comprehensive standards and access to contraception 
          counseling for members of the Armed Forces (sec. 718)..   690
    Subtitle C--Reports and Other Matters........................   691
        Provision of transportation of dependent patients 
          relating to obstetrical anesthesia services (sec. 721).   691
        Extension of authority for DOD-VA Health Care Sharing 
          Incentive Fund (sec. 722)..............................   691
        Extension of authority for Joint Department of Defense-
          Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Facility 
          Demonstration Fund (sec. 723)..........................   691
        Limitation on availability of funds for Office of the 
          Secretary of Defense (sec. 724)........................   691
        Pilot program on urgent care under TRICARE program (sec. 
          725)...................................................   692
        Pilot program on incentive programs to improve health 
          care provided under the TRICARE program (sec. 726).....   692
        Limitation on availability of funds for Department of 
          Defense Healthcare Management Systems Modernization 
          (sec. 727).............................................   692
        Submittal of information to Secretary of Veterans Affairs 
          relating to exposure to airborne hazards and open burn 
          pits (sec. 728)........................................   693
        Plan for development of procedures to measure data on 
          mental health care provided by the Department of 
          Defense (sec. 729).....................................   693
        Report on plans to improve experience with and eliminate 
          performance variability of health care provided by the 
          Department of Defense (sec. 730).......................   694
        Comptroller General study on gambling and problem 
          gambling behavior among members of the Armed Forces 
          (sec. 731).............................................   694
    Legislative Provisions Not Adopted...........................   694
        Access to broad range of methods of contraception 
          approved by the Food and Drug Administration for 
          members of the Armed Forces and military dependents at 
          military treatment facilities..........................   694
        Access to contraceptive method for duration of deployment   695
        Access to infertility treatment for members of the Armed 
          Forces and dependents..................................   695
        Pilot program on treatment of members of the Armed Forces 
          for post-traumatic stress disorder related to military 
          sexual trauma..........................................   695
        Unified medical command..................................   696
        Pilot program for operation of network of retail 
          pharmacies under TRICARE pharmacy benefits program.....   696
        Limitation on conversion of military medical and dental 
          positions to civilian medical and dental positions.....   697
        Primary blast injury research............................   697
        Publication of certain information on health care 
          provided by the Department of Defense through the 
          Hospital Compare website of the Department of Health 
          and Human Services.....................................   697
        Report on plan to improve pediatric care and related 
          services for children of members of the Armed Forces...   697
        Comptroller General report on use of quality of care 
          metrics at military treatment facilities...............   698
        Report on implementation of data security and 
          transmission standards for electronic health records...   698
TITLE VIII--ACQUISITION POLICY, ACQUISITION MANAGEMENT, AND 
  RELATED MATTERS................................................   698
    Subtitle A--Acquisition Policy and Management................   698
        Required review of acquisition-related functions of the 
          Chiefs of Staff of the Armed Forces (sec. 801).........   698
        Role of Chiefs of Staff in the acquisition process (sec. 
          802)...................................................   699
        Expansion of rapid acquisition authority (sec. 803)......   699
        Middle tier of acquisition for rapid prototyping and 
          rapid fielding (sec. 804)..............................   699
        Use of alternative acquisition paths to acquire critical 
          national security capabilities (sec. 805)..............   700
        Secretary of Defense waiver of acquisition laws to 
          acquire vital national security capabilities (sec. 806)   700
        Acquisition authority of the Commander of United States 
          Cyber Command (sec. 807)...............................   700
        Report on linking and streamlining requirements, 
          acquisition, and budget processes within Armed Forces 
          (sec. 808).............................................   701
        Advisory panel on streamlining and codifying acquisition 
          regulations (sec. 809).................................   701
        Review of time-based requirements process and budgeting 
          and acquisition systems (sec. 810).....................   701
    Subtitle B--Amendments to General Contracting Authorities, 
      Procedures, and Limitations................................   701
        Amendment relating to multiyear contract authority for 
          acquisition of property (sec. 811).....................   701
        Applicability of cost and pricing data and certification 
          requirements (sec. 812)................................   702
        Rights in technical data (sec. 813)......................   702
        Procurement of supplies for experimental purposes (sec. 
          814)...................................................   702
        Amendments to other transaction authority (sec. 815).....   702
        Amendment to acquisition threshold for special emergency 
          procurement authority (sec. 816).......................   703
        Revision of method of rounding when making inflation 
          adjustment of acquisition-related dollar thresholds 
          (sec. 817).............................................   703
    Subtitle C--Provisions Relating to Major Defense Acquisition 
      Programs...................................................   703
        Acquisition strategy required for each major defense 
          acquisition program, major automated information 
          system, and major system (sec. 821)....................   703
        Revision to requirements relating to risk management in 
          development of major defense acquisition programs and 
          major systems (sec. 822)...............................   704
        Revision of Milestone A decision authority 
          responsibilities for major defense acquisition programs 
          (sec. 823).............................................   704
        Revision of Milestone B decision authority 
          responsibilities for major defense acquisition programs 
          (sec. 824).............................................   705
        Designation of milestone decision authority (sec. 825)...   705
        Tenure and accountability of program managers for program 
          definition periods (sec. 826)..........................   706
        Tenure and accountability of program managers for program 
          execution periods (sec. 827)...........................   706
        Penalty for cost overruns (sec. 828).....................   706
        Streamlining of reporting requirements applicable to 
          Assistant Secretary of Defense for Research and 
          Engineering regarding major defense acquisition 
          programs (sec. 829)....................................   706
        Configuration Steering Boards for cost control under 
          major defense acquisition programs (sec. 830)..........   707
        Repeal of requirement for stand-alone manpower estimates 
          for major defense acquisition programs (sec. 831)......   707
        Revision to duties of the Deputy Assistant Secretary of 
          Defense for Developmental Test and Evaluation and the 
          Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense for Systems 
          Engineering (sec. 832).................................   707
    Subtitle D--Provisions Relating to Acquisition Workforce.....   708
        Amendments relating to Defense Acquisition Workforce 
          Development Fund (sec. 841)............................   708
        Dual-track military professionals in operational and 
          acquisition specialities (sec. 842)....................   708
        Provision of joint duty assignment credit for acquisition 
          duty (sec. 843)........................................   708
        Mandatory requirement for training related to the conduct 
          of market research (sec. 844)..........................   709
        Independent study of implementation of defense 
          acquisition workforce improvement efforts (sec. 845)...   709
        Extension of authority for the civilian acquisition 
          workforce personnel demonstration project (sec. 846)...   709
    Subtitle E--Provisions Relating to Commercial Items..........   709
        Procurement of commercial items (sec. 851)...............   709
        Modification to information required to be submitted by 
          offeror in procurement of major weapon systems as 
          commercial items (sec. 852)............................   710
        Use of recent prices paid by the Government in the 
          determination of price reasonableness (sec. 853).......   710
        Report on defense-unique laws applicable to the 
          procurement of commercial items and commercially 
          available off-the-shelf items (sec. 854)...............   710
        Market research and preference for commercial items (sec. 
          855)...................................................   711
        Limitation on conversion of procurements from commercial 
          acquisition procedures (sec. 856)......................   711
        Treatment of goods and services provided by 
          nontraditional defense contractors as commercial items 
          (sec. 857).............................................   711
    Subtitle F--Industrial Base Matters..........................   711
        Amendment to Mentor-Protege Program (sec. 861)...........   711
        Amendments to data quality improvement plan (sec. 862)...   713
        Notice of contract consolidation for acquisition 
          strategies (sec. 863)..................................   713
        Clarification of requirements related to small business 
          contracts for services (sec. 864)......................   713
        Certification requirements for Business Opportunity 
          Specialists, commercial market representatives, and 
          procurement center representatives (sec. 865)..........   713
        Modifications to requirements for qualified HUBZone small 
          business concerns located in a base closure area (sec. 
          866)...................................................   714
        Joint venturing and teaming (sec. 867)...................   714
        Modification to and scorecard program for small business 
          contracting goals (sec. 868)...........................   714
        Establishment of an Office of Hearings and Appeals in the 
          Small Business Administration; petitions for 
          reconsideration of size standards (sec. 869)...........   715
        Additional duties of the Director of Small and 
          Disadvantaged Business Utilization (sec. 870)..........   715
        Including subcontracting goals in agency responsibilities 
          (sec. 871).............................................   715
        Reporting related to failure of contractors to meet goals 
          under negotiated comprehensive small business 
          subcontracting plans (sec. 872)........................   715
        Pilot program for streamlining awards for innovative 
          technology projects (sec. 873).........................   716
        Surety bond requirements and amount of guarantee (sec. 
          874)...................................................   716
        Review of Government access to intellectual property 
          rights of private sector firms (sec. 875)..............   716
        Inclusion in annual technology and industrial capability 
          assessments of a determination about defense 
          acquisition program requirements (sec. 876)............   716
    Subtitle G--Other Matters....................................   717
        Consideration of potential program cost increases and 
          schedule delays resulting from oversight of defense 
          acquisition programs (sec. 881)........................   717
        Examination and guidance relating to oversight and 
          approval of services contracts (sec. 882)..............   717
        Streamlining of requirements relating to defense business 
          systems (sec. 883).....................................   717
        Procurement of personal protective equipment (sec. 884)..   718
        Amendments concerning detection and avoidance of 
          counterfeit electronic parts (sec. 885)................   718
        Exception for AbilityOne products from authority to 
          acquire goods and services manufactured in Afghanistan, 
          Central Asian States, and Djibouti (sec. 886)..........   719
        Effective communication between government and industry 
          (sec. 887).............................................   719
        Standards for procurement of secure information 
          technology and cyber security systems (sec. 888).......   719
        Unified information technology services (sec. 889).......   719
        Cloud strategy for Department of Defense (sec. 890)......   720
        Development period for Department of Defense information 
          technology systems (sec. 891)..........................   720
        Revisions to pilot program on acquisition of military 
          purpose nondevelopmental items (sec. 892)..............   720
        Improved auditing of contracts (sec. 893)................   720
        Sense of Congress on evaluation method for procurement of 
          audit or audit readiness services (sec. 894)...........   721
        Mitigating potential unfair competitive advantage of 
          technical advisors to acquisition programs (sec. 895)..   721
        Survey on the costs of regulatory compliance (sec. 896)..   722
        Treatment of interagency and State and local purchases 
          when the Department of Defense acts as contract 
          intermediary for the General Services Administration 
          (sec. 897).............................................   722
        Competition for religious services contracts (sec. 898)..   722
        Pilot program regarding risk-based contracting for 
          smaller contract actions under the Truth In 
          Negotiations Act (sec. 899)............................   722
    Legislative Provisions Not Adopted...........................   723
        Sense of Congress on the desired tenets of the defense 
          acquisition system.....................................   723
        Independent study of matters related to bid protests.....   723
        Compliance with inventory of contracts for services......   724
        Requirement for acquisition skills assessment biennial 
          strategic workforce plan...............................   724
        Modification to requirements relating to determination of 
          contract type for major defense acquisition programs 
          and major systems......................................   725
        Requirement that certain ship components be manufactured 
          in the national technology and industrial base.........   725
        Policy regarding solid rocket motors used in tactical 
          missiles...............................................   725
        FAR Council membership for administrator of Small 
          Business Administration................................   725
        Limitations on reverse auctions..........................   726
        Extension of limitation on aggregate annual amount 
          available for contract services........................   726
        Strengthening program and project management performance 
          by the Department of Defense...........................   726
        Synchronization of defense acquisition curricula.........   726
        Research and analysis of defense acquisition policy......   727
        Modifications to the justification and approval process 
          for certain sole-source contracts for small business 
          concerns...............................................   727
        Annual report on foreign procurements....................   727
TITLE IX--DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE ORGANIZATION AND MANAGEMENT......   728
    Legislative Provisions Adopted...............................   728
        Update of statutory functions of the Chairman of the 
          Joint Chiefs of Staff relating to joint force 
          development activities (sec. 901)......................   728
        Sense of Congress on the United States Marine Corps (sec. 
          902)...................................................   728
    Legislative Provisions Not Adopted...........................   728
        Redesignation of the Department of the Navy as the 
          Department of the Navy and Marine Corps................   728
        Change of period for Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of 
          Staff review of the Unified Command Plan...............   728
        Reorganization and redesignation of Office of Family 
          Policy and Office of Community Support for Military 
          Families with Special Needs............................   729
        Guidelines for conversion of functions performed by 
          civilian or contractor personnel to performance by 
          military personnel.....................................   729
TITLE X--GENERAL PROVISIONS......................................   729
    Subtitle A--Financial Matters................................   729
        General transfer authority (sec. 1001)...................   729
        Accounting standards to value certain property, plant, 
          and equipment items (sec. 1002)........................   729
        Report on auditable financial statements (sec. 1003).....   729
        Sense of Senate on sequestration (sec. 1004).............   730
        Annual audit of financial statements of Department of 
          Defense components by independent external auditors 
          (sec. 1005)............................................   730
    Subtitle B--Counter-Drug Activities..........................   731
        Extension of authority to support unified counterdrug and 
          counterterrorism campaign in Colombia (sec. 1011)......   731
        Extension and expansion of authority to provide 
          additional support for counter-drug activities of 
          certain foreign governments (sec. 1012)................   731
        Sense of the Congress on Central America (sec. 1013).....   732
    Subtitle C--Naval Vessels and Shipyards......................   732
        Additional information supporting long-range plans for 
          construction of naval vessels (sec. 1021)..............   732
        National Sea-Based Deterrence Fund (sec. 1022)...........   732
        Extension of authority for reimbursement of expenses for 
          certain Navy mess operations afloat (sec. 1023)........   734
        Availability of funds for retirement or inactivation of 
          Ticonderoga class cruisers or dock landing ships (sec. 
          1024)..................................................   734
        Limitation on the use of funds for removal of ballistic 
          missile defense capabilities from Ticonderoga class 
          cruisers (sec. 1025)...................................   735
        Independent assessment of United States Combat Logistic 
          Force requirements (sec. 1026).........................   735
    Subtitle D--Counterterrorism.................................   735
        Prohibition on the use of funds for transfer or release 
          of individuals detained at United States Naval Station, 
          Guantanamo Bay, Cuba (sec. 1031).......................   735
        Prohibition on use of funds to construct or modify 
          facilities in the United States to house detainees 
          transferred from United States Naval Station, 
          Guantanamo Bay, Cuba (sec. 1032).......................   736
        Prohibition on use of funds for transfer or release to 
          certain countries of individuals detained at United 
          States Naval Station, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba (sec. 1033).   736
        Reenactment and modification of certain prior 
          requirements for certifications relating to transfer of 
          detainees at United States Naval Station, Guantanamo 
          Bay, Cuba, to foreign countries and other foreign 
          entities (sec. 1034)...................................   736
        Comprehensive detention strategy (sec. 1035).............   737
        Prohibition on use of funds for realignment of forces or 
          closure of United States Naval Station, Guantanamo Bay, 
          Cuba (sec. 1036).......................................   737
        Report on current detainees at United States Naval 
          Station, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, determined or assessed 
          to be high risk or medium risk (sec. 1037).............   737
        Reports to Congress on contact between terrorists and 
          individuals formerly detained at United States Naval 
          Station, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba (sec. 1038)..............   738
        Inclusion in reports to Congress of information about 
          recidivism of individuals formerly detained at United 
          States Naval Station, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba (sec. 1039).   738
        Report to Congress on terms of written agreements with 
          foreign countries regarding transfer of detainees at 
          United States Naval Station, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba (sec. 
          1040)..................................................   738
        Report on use of United States Naval Station, Guantanamo 
          Bay, Cuba, and other Department of Defense or Bureau of 
          Prisons prisons or detention or disciplinary facilities 
          in recruitment or other propaganda of terrorist 
          organizations (sec. 1041)..............................   739
        Permanent authority to provide rewards through Government 
          personnel of allied forces and certain other 
          modifications to Department of Defense program to 
          provide rewards (sec. 1042)............................   739
        Sunset on exception to congressional notification of 
          sensitive military operations (sec. 1043)..............   739
        Repeal of semiannual reports on obligation and 
          expenditure of funds for the combating terrorism 
          program (sec. 1044)....................................   740
        Limitation on interrogation techniques (sec. 1045).......   740
    Subtitle E--Miscellaneous Authorities and Limitations........   740
        Department of Defense excess property program (sec. 1051)   740
        Sale or donation of excess personal property for border 
          security activities (sec. 1052)........................   740
        Management of military technicians (sec. 1053)...........   741
        Limitation on transfer of certain AH-64 Apache 
          helicopters from Army National Guard to regular Army 
          and related personnel levels (sec. 1054)...............   741
        Authority to provide training and support to personnel of 
          foreign ministries of defense (sec. 1055)..............   741
        Information operations and engagement technology 
          demonstrations (sec. 1056).............................   742
        Prohibition on the use of funds for the retirement of 
          helicopter sea combat squadron 84 and 85 aircraft (sec. 
          1057)..................................................   742
        Limitation on availability of funds for destruction of 
          certain landmines (sec. 1058)..........................   742
        Department of Defense authority to provide assistance to 
          secure the southern land border of the United States 
          (sec. 1059)............................................   743
    Subtitle F--Studies and Reports..............................   743
        Provision of defense planning guidance and contingency 
          planning guidance information to Congress (sec. 1060)..   743
        Expedited meetings of the National Commission on the 
          Future of the Army (sec. 1061).........................   743
        Modification of certain reports submitted by Comptroller 
          General of the United States (sec. 1062)...............   744
        Report on implementation of the geographically 
          distributed force laydown in the area of responsibility 
          of United States Pacific Command (sec. 1063)...........   744
        Independent study of national security strategy 
          formulation process (sec. 1064)........................   744
        Report on the status of detection, identification, and 
          disablement capabilities related to remotely piloted 
          aircraft (sec. 1065)...................................   745
        Report on options to accelerate the training of remotely 
          piloted aircraft pilots (sec. 1066)....................   745
        Studies of fleet platform architectures for the Navy 
          (sec. 1067)............................................   745
        Report on strategy to protect United States national 
          security interests in the Arctic region (sec. 1068)....   746
        Comptroller General briefing and report on major medical 
          facility projects of Department of Veterans Affairs 
          (sec. 1069)............................................   746
        Submittal to Congress of munitions assessments (sec. 
          1070)..................................................   747
        Potential role for United States ground forces in the 
          Pacific theater (sec. 1071)............................   747
        Repeal or revision of reporting requirements related to 
          military personnel issues (sec. 1072)..................   748
        Repeal or revision of reporting requirements relating to 
          readiness (sec. 1073)..................................   748
        Repeal or revision of reporting requirements related to 
          naval vessels and Merchant Marine (sec. 1074)..........   748
        Repeal or revision of reporting requirements related to 
          civilian personnel (sec. 1075).........................   748
        Repeal or revision of reporting requirements related to 
          nuclear, proliferation, and related matters (sec. 1076)   749
        Repeal or revision of reporting requirements related to 
          acquisition (sec. 1077)................................   749
        Repeal or revision of miscellaneous reporting 
          requirements (sec. 1078)...............................   749
        Repeal of reporting requirements (sec. 1079).............   749
        Termination of requirement for submittal to Congress of 
          reports required of the Department of Defense by 
          statute (sec. 1080)....................................   749
    Subtitle G--Other Matters....................................   750
        Technical and clerical amendments (sec. 1081)............   750
        Situations involving bombings of places of public use, 
          Government facilities, public transportation systems, 
          and infrastructure facilities (sec. 1082)..............   750
        Executive agent for the oversight and management of 
          alternative compensatory control measures (sec. 1083)..   750
        Navy support of Ocean Research Advisory Panel (sec. 1084)   751
        Level of readiness of Civil Reserve Air Fleet carriers 
          (sec. 1085)............................................   751
        Reform and improvement of personnel security, insider 
          threat detection and prevention, and physical security 
          (sec. 1086)............................................   751
        Transfer of surplus firearms to Corporation for the 
          Promotion of Rifle Practice and Firearms Safety (sec. 
          1087)..................................................   753
        Modification of requirements for transferring aircraft 
          within the Air Force inventory (sec. 1088).............   754
        Reestablishment of Commission to Assess the Threat to the 
          United States from Electromagnetic Pulse Attack (sec. 
          1089)..................................................   754
        Mine countermeasures master plan (sec. 1090).............   754
        Congressional notification and briefing requirement on 
          ordered evacuations of United States embassies and 
          consulates involving the use of United States Armed 
          Forces (sec. 1091).....................................   754
        Interagency Hostage Recovery Coordinator (sec. 1092).....   755
        Sense of Senate on the inadvertent shipment of live 
          Bacillus anthracis (sec. 1093).........................   755
        Modification of certain requirements applicable to major 
          medical facility lease for a Department of Veterans 
          Affairs outpatient clinic in Tulsa, Oklahoma (sec. 
          1094)..................................................   755
        Authorization of certain major medical facility projects 
          of the Department of Veterans Affairs for which amounts 
          have been appropriated (sec. 1095).....................   756
        Designation of construction agent for certain 
          construction projects by Department of Veterans Affairs 
          (sec. 1096)............................................   756
        Department of Defense strategy for countering 
          unconventional warfare (sec. 1097).....................   756
    Legislative Provisions Not Adopted...........................   757
        Sustainment enhancement..................................   757
        Consideration of strategic materials in preliminary 
          design review..........................................   757
        Authority to transfer funds to the National Nuclear 
          Security Administration to sustain nuclear weapons 
          modernization and Naval Reactors.......................   757
        Restrictions on the overhaul and repair of vessels in 
          foreign shipyards......................................   758
        Report on Department of Defense definition of and policy 
          regarding software sustainment.........................   758
        Sense of Congress regarding technical correction.........   758
        Authority to temporarily transfer individuals detained at 
          United States Naval Station, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, to 
          the United States for emergency or critical medical 
          treatment..............................................   758
        Prohibition on use of funds to transfer or release 
          individuals detained at United States Naval Station, 
          Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, to combat zones..................   759
        Submission to Congress of certain documents relating to 
          transfer of individuals detained at Guantanamo to Qatar   759
        Submission of unredacted copies of documents relating to 
          the transfer of certain individuals detained at 
          Guantanamo to Qatar....................................   759
        Treatment of certain previously transferred Army National 
          Guard helicopters as counting against number 
          transferable under exception to limitation on transfer 
          of Army National Guard helicopters.....................   759
        Sense of Congress on consideration of the full range of 
          Department of Defense manpower worldwide in decisions 
          on the proper mix of military, civilian, and contractor 
          personnel to accomplish the National Defense Strategy..   760
        Space available travel for environmental morale leave by 
          certain spouses and children of deployed members of the 
          Armed Forces...........................................   760
        Limitation on availability of funds for modifying command 
          and control of United States Pacific Fleet.............   760
        Prohibition on closure of United States Naval Station, 
          Guantanamo Bay, Cuba...................................   760
        Civilian Aviation Asset Military Partnership Pilot 
          Program................................................   760
        Limitation on use of funds to deactivate the 440th 
          Airlift Wing...........................................   761
        Study and report on role of Department of Defense in 
          formulation of long-term strategy......................   761
        Report on plans for the use of domestic airfields for 
          homeland defense and disaster response.................   761
        Report on potential threats to members of the Armed 
          Forces of United States Naval Forces Central Command 
          and United States Fifth Fleet in Bahrain...............   762
        Conflict of interest certification for investigations 
          relating to whistleblower retaliation..................   762
        Determination and disclosure of transportation costs 
          incurred by Secretary of Defense for congressional 
          trips outside the United States........................   763
        Observance of Veterans Day...............................   763
        Business case analysis of decision to maintain C-130J 
          aircraft at Keesler Air Force Base, Mississippi........   764
        Sense of Congress regarding cyber resiliency of National 
          Guard networks and communications systems..............   764
TITLE XI--CIVILIAN PERSONNEL MATTERS.............................   764
    Legislative Provisions Adopted...............................   764
        Procedures for reduction in force of Department of 
          Defense civilian personnel (sec. 1101).................   764
        One-year extension of temporary authority to grant 
          allowances, benefits, and gratuities to civilian 
          personnel on official duty in a combat zone (sec. 1102)   765
        Extension of rate of overtime pay for Department of the 
          Navy employees performing work aboard or dockside in 
          support of the nuclear-powered aircraft carrier forward 
          deployed in Japan (sec. 1103)..........................   765
        Modification to temporary authorities for certain 
          positions at Department of Defense research and 
          engineering facilities (sec. 1104).....................   765
        Required probationary period for new employees of the 
          Department of Defense (sec. 1105)......................   766
        Delay of periodic step increase for civilian employees of 
          the Department of Defense based upon unacceptable 
          performance (sec. 1106)................................   766
        United States Cyber Command workforce (sec. 1107)........   766
        One-year extension of authority to waive annual 
          limitation on premium pay and aggregate limitation on 
          pay for Federal civilian employees working overseas 
          (sec. 1108)............................................   767
        Pilot program on dynamic shaping of the workforce to 
          improve the technical skills and expertise at certain 
          Department of Defense laboratories (sec. 1109).........   767
        Pilot program on temporary exchange of financial 
          management and acquisition personnel (sec. 1110).......   768
        Pilot program on enhanced pay authority for certain 
          acquisition and technology positions in the Department 
          of Defense (sec. 1111).................................   768
        Pilot program on direct hire authority for veteran 
          technical experts into the defense acquisition 
          workforce (sec. 1112)..................................   769
        Direct hire authority for technical experts into the 
          defense acquisition workforce (sec. 1113)..............   769
    Legislative Provisions Not Adopted...........................   769
        Authority to provide additional allowances and benefits 
          for Defense Clandestine Service employees..............   769
        Preference eligibility for members of reserve components 
          of the Armed Forces appointed to competitive service; 
          clarification of appeal rights.........................   769
TITLE XII--MATTERS RELATING TO FOREIGN NATIONS...................   770
    Subtitle A--Training and Assistance..........................   770
        One-year extension of logistical support for coalition 
          forces supporting certain United States military 
          operations (sec. 1201).................................   770
        Strategic framework for Department of Defense security 
          cooperation (sec. 1202)................................   770
        Redesignation, modification, and extension of National 
          Guard State Partnership Program (sec. 1203)............   770
        Extension of authority for non-reciprocal exchanges of 
          defense personnel between the United States and foreign 
          countries (sec. 1204)..................................   771
        Monitoring and evaluation of overseas humanitarian, 
          disaster, and civic aid programs of the Department of 
          Defense (sec. 1205)....................................   771
        One-year extension of funding limitations for authority 
          to build the capacity of foreign security forces (sec. 
          1206)..................................................   771
        Authority to provide support to national military forces 
          of allied countries for counterterrorism operations in 
          Africa (sec. 1207).....................................   772
        Reports on training of foreign military intelligence 
          units provided by the Department of Defense (sec. 1208)   772
        Prohibition on assistance to entities in Yemen controlled 
          by the Houthi movement (sec. 1209).....................   772
    Subtitle B--Matters Relating to Afghanistan and Pakistan.....   773
        Extension and modification of Commanders' Emergency 
          Response Program (sec. 1211)...........................   773
        Extension and modification of authority for reimbursement 
          of certain coalition nations for support provided to 
          United States military operations (sec. 1212)..........   773
        Additional matter in semiannual report on enhancing 
          security and stability in Afghanistan (sec. 1213)......   774
        Extension of authority to acquire products and services 
          produced in countries along a major route of supply to 
          Afghanistan (sec. 1214)................................   774
        Extension of authority to transfer defense articles and 
          provide defense services to the military and security 
          forces of Afghanistan (sec. 1215)......................   774
        Modification of protection for Afghan allies (sec. 1216).   775
    Subtitle C--Matters Relating to Syria and Iraq...............   775
        Extension of authority to support operations and 
          activities of the Office of Security Cooperation in 
          Iraq (sec. 1221).......................................   775
        Strategy for the Middle East and to counter violent 
          extremism (sec. 1222)..................................   775
        Modification of authority to provide assistance to 
          counter the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (sec. 
          1223)..................................................   776
        Reports on United States Armed Forces deployed in support 
          of Operation Inherent Resolve (sec. 1224)..............   777
        Matters relating to support for the vetted Syrian 
          opposition (sec. 1225).................................   777
        Support to the Government of Jordan and the Government of 
          Lebanon for border security operations (sec. 1226).....   778
        Sense of Congress on the security and protection of 
          Iranian dissidents living in Camp Liberty, Iraq (sec. 
          1227)..................................................   778
    Subtitle D--Matters Relating to Iran.........................   778
        Modification and extension of annual report on the 
          military power of Iran (sec. 1231).....................   778
        Sense of Congress on the Government of Iran's malign 
          activities (sec. 1232).................................   778
        Report on military-to-military engagements with Iran 
          (sec. 1233)............................................   779
        Security guarantees to countries in the Middle East (sec. 
          1234)..................................................   779
        Rule of construction (sec. 1235).........................   779
    Subtitle E--Matters Relating to the Russian Federation.......   779
        Notifications relating to testing, production, 
          deployment, and sale or transfer to other states or 
          non-state actors of the Club-K cruise missile system by 
          the Russian Federation (sec. 1241).....................   779
        Notifications of deployment of nuclear weapons by Russian 
          Federation to territory of Ukrainian Republic or 
          Russian territory of Kaliningrad (sec. 1242)...........   780
        Measures in response to non-compliance by the Russian 
          Federation with its obligations under the INF Treaty 
          (sec. 1243)............................................   781
        Modification of notification and assessment of proposal 
          to modify or introduce new aircraft or sensors for 
          flight by the Russian Federation under the open skies 
          treaty (sec. 1244).....................................   781
        Prohibition on availability of funds relating to 
          sovereignty of the Russian Federation over Crimea (sec. 
          1245)..................................................   782
        Limitation on military contact and cooperation between 
          the United States and the Russian Federation (sec. 
          1246)..................................................   782
        Limitation on funds for implementation on the New START 
          Treaty (sec. 1247).....................................   782
        Additional matters in annual report on military and 
          security developments involving the Russian Federation 
          (sec. 1248)............................................   783
        Report on alternative capabilities to procure and sustain 
          nonstandard rotary wing aircraft historically procured 
          through Rosoboronexport (sec. 1249)....................   783
        Ukraine Security Assistance Initiative (sec. 1250).......   784
        Training for Eastern European national military forces in 
          the course of multilateral exercises (sec. 1251).......   784
    Subtitle F--Matters Relating to the Asia-Pacific Region......   785
        Strategy to promote United States interests in the Indo-
          Asia-Pacific region (sec. 1261)........................   785
        Requirement to submit Department of Defense policy 
          regarding foreign disclosure or technology release of 
          Aegis Ashore capability to Japan (sec. 1262)...........   786
        South China Sea Initiative (sec. 1263)...................   787
    Subtitle G--Other Matters....................................   787
        Two-year extension and modification of authorization for 
          non-conventional assisted recovery capabilities (sec. 
          1271)..................................................   787
        Amendment to the annual report under Arms Control and 
          Disarmament Act (sec. 1272)............................   788
        Extension of authorization to conduct activities to 
          enhance the capability of foreign countries to respond 
          to incidents involving weapons of mass destruction 
          (sec. 1273)............................................   788
        Modification of authority for support of special 
          operations to combat terrorism (sec. 1274).............   788
        Limitation on availability of funds to implement the Arms 
          Trade Treaty (sec. 1275)...............................   789
        Report on the security relationship between the United 
          States and the Republic of Cyprus (sec. 1276)..........   789
        Sense of Congress on European defense and the North 
          Atlantic Treaty Organization (sec. 1277)...............   789
        Briefing on the sale of certain fighter aircraft to Qatar 
          (sec. 1278)............................................   790
        United States-Israel anti-tunnel cooperation (sec. 1279).   790
        NATO Special Operations Headquarters (sec. 1280).........   790
        Increased presence of United States ground forces in 
          Eastern Europe to deter aggression on the border of the 
          North Atlantic Treaty Organization (sec. 1281).........   791
    Legislative Provisions Not Adopted...........................   791
        Report on efforts to engage United States manufacturers 
          in procurement opportunities related to equipping the 
          Afghan National Security Forces........................   791
        Report on access to financial records of the Government 
          of Afghanistan to audit the use of funds for assistance 
          for Afghanistan........................................   791
        Sense of Congress relating to Dr. Shakil Afridi..........   792
        Report on lines of communication of Islamic State of Iraq 
          and the Levant and other foreign terrorist 
          organizations..........................................   792
        Report on efforts of Turkey to fight terrorism...........   792
        Report to assess the potential effectiveness of and 
          requirements for the establishment of safe zones or a 
          no-fly zone in Syria...................................   793
        Report on military posture required in the Middle East to 
          deter Iran from developing a nuclear weapon............   793
        Sense of Congress on support for Estonia, Latvia, and 
          Lithuania..............................................   793
        Sense of Congress on support for Georgia.................   794
        Sense of Congress recognizing the 70th anniversary of the 
          end of Allied military engagement in the Pacific 
          theater................................................   794
        Sense of Congress regarding consolidation of United 
          States military facilities in Okinawa, Japan...........   794
        Sense of Congress on the United States alliance with 
          Japan..................................................   795
        Sense of Congress on opportunities to enhance the United 
          States alliance with the Republic of Korea.............   795
        Requirement to invite the military forces of Taiwan to 
          participate in RIMPAC exercises........................   795
        Sense of Congress reaffirming the importance of 
          implementing the rebalance to the Asia-Pacific region..   795
        Sense of Senate on Taiwan asymmetric military 
          capabilities and bilateral training activities.........   795
        Military exchanges between senior officers and officials 
          of the United States and Taiwan........................   796
        Efforts of the Department of Defense to prevent and 
          respond to gender-based violence globally..............   797
        Combating crime through intelligence capabilities........   797
        Sense of Congress on the defense relationship between the 
          United States and the Republic of India................   798
        Sense of Congress on evacuation of United States citizens 
          and nationals from Yemen...............................   798
        Report on violence and cartel activity in Mexico.........   798
        Report on actions to ensure Qatar is preventing terrorist 
          leaders and financiers from operating in its country...   798
        United States support for Jordan.........................   799
        Report on United States efforts to combat Boko Haram and 
          support regional allies and other partners.............   799
        Sense of Congress on United States support for Tunisia...   800
TITLE XIII--COOPERATIVE THREAT REDUCTION.........................   800
    Subtitle A--Funding Allocations..............................   800
        Specification of Cooperative Threat Reduction funds (sec. 
          1301)..................................................   800
        Funding allocations (sec. 1302)..........................   800
TITLE XIV--OTHER AUTHORIZATIONS..................................   801
    Subtitle A--Military Programs................................   801
        Working Capital Funds (sec. 1401)........................   801
        National Defense Sealift Fund (sec. 1402)................   801
        Chemical Agents and Munitions Destruction, Defense (sec. 
          1403)..................................................   801
        Drug Interdiction and Counter-Drug Activities, Defense-
          Wide (sec. 1404).......................................   801
        Defense Inspector General (sec. 1405)....................   801
        Defense Health Program (sec. 1406).......................   801
        National Sea-Based Deterrence Fund (sec. 1407)...........   801
    Subtitle B--National Defense Stockpile.......................   802
        Extension of date for completion of destruction of 
          existing stockpile of lethal chemical agents and 
          munitions (sec. 1411)..................................   802
    Subtitle C--Working-Capital Funds............................   802
        Limitation on cessation or suspension of distribution of 
          funds from Department of Defense working-capital funds 
          (sec. 1421)............................................   802
        Working-Capital fund reserve account for petroleum market 
          price fluctuations (sec. 1422).........................   802
    Subtitle D--Other Matters....................................   802
        Authority for transfer of funds to Joint Department of 
          Defense-Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Facility 
          Demonstration Fund for Captain James A. Lovell Health 
          Care Center, Illinois (sec. 1431)......................   802
        Authorization of appropriations for Armed Forces 
          Retirement Home (sec. 1432)............................   803
    Legislative Provisions Not Adopted...........................   803
        Inspections of the Armed Forces Retirement Home by the 
          Inspector General of the Department of Defense.........   803
TITLE XV--AUTHORIZATION OF ADDITIONAL APPROPRIATIONS FOR OVERSEAS 
  CONTINGENCY OPERATIONS.........................................   803
    Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations..................   803
        Purpose and treatment of certain authorizations of 
          appropriations (sec. 1501).............................   803
        Procurement (sec. 1502)..................................   804
        Research, development, test, and evaluation (sec. 1503)..   804
        Operation and maintenance (sec. 1504)....................   804
        Military personnel (sec. 1505)...........................   804
        Working capital funds (sec. 1506)........................   804
        Drug Interdiction and Counter-Drug Activities, Defense-
          Wide (sec. 1507).......................................   804
        Defense Inspector General (sec. 1508)....................   805
        Defense Health Program (sec. 1509).......................   805
        Counterterrorism Partnership Fund (sec. 1510)............   805
    Subtitle B--Financial Matters................................   805
        Treatment as additional authorizations (sec. 1521).......   805
        Special transfer authority (sec. 1522)...................   805
    Subtitle C--Limitations, Reports, and Other Matters..........   805
        Afghanistan Security Forces Fund (sec. 1531).............   805
        Joint Improvised Explosive Device Defeat Fund (sec. 1532)   806
        Availability of improvised explosive device defeat funds 
          for training of foreign security forces to defeat 
          improvised explosive devices (sec. 1533)...............   807
        Comptroller General report on use of certain funds 
          provided for Operation and Maintenance (sec. 1534).....   807
    Legislative Provisions Not Adopted...........................   807
        Statement of policy regarding European Reassurance 
          Initiative.............................................   807
TITLE XVI--STRATEGIC PROGRAMS, CYBER, AND INTELLIGENCE MATTERS...   808
    Subtitle A--Space Activities.................................   808
        Major force program and budget for national security 
          space (sec. 1601)......................................   808
        Principal advisor on space control (sec. 1602)...........   808
        Council on Oversight of the Department of Defense 
          Positioning, Navigation, and Timing Enterprise (sec. 
          1603)..................................................   808
        Modification to development of space science and 
          technology strategy (sec. 1604)........................   809
        Delegation of authority regarding purchase of Global 
          Positioning System user equipment (sec. 1605)..........   809
        Rocket propulsion system development program (sec. 1606).   809
        Exception to the prohibition on contracting with Russian 
          suppliers of rocket engines for the evolved expendable 
          launch vehicle program (sec. 1607).....................   810
        Acquisition strategy for evolved expendable launch 
          vehicle program (sec. 1608)............................   811
        Allocation of funding for evolved expendable launch 
          vehicle program (sec. 1609)............................   812
        Procurement of wideband satellite communications (sec. 
          1610)..................................................   812
        Analysis of alternatives for wide-band communications 
          (sec. 1611)............................................   813
        Modification of pilot program for acquisition of 
          commercial satellite communication services (sec. 1612)   813
        Integrated policy to deter adversaries in space (sec. 
          1613)..................................................   814
        Prohibition on reliance on China and Russia for space-
          based weather data (sec. 1614).........................   814
        Limitation on availability of funds for weather satellite 
          follow-on system (sec. 1615)...........................   814
        Limitations on availability of funds for the Defense 
          Meteorological Satellite program (sec. 1616)...........   815
        Streamline commercial space launch activities (sec. 1617)   815
        Plan on full integration and exploitation of overhead 
          persistent infrared capability (sec. 1618).............   816
        Options for rapid space reconstitution (sec. 1619).......   816
        Evaluation of exploitation of space-based infrared system 
          against additional threats (sec. 1620).................   816
        Quarterly reports on Global Positioning System III space 
          segment, Global Positioning System operational control 
          segment, and Military Global Positioning System user 
          equipment acquisition programs (sec. 1621).............   816
        Sense of Congress on missile defense sensors in space 
          (sec. 1622)............................................   817
    Subtitle B--Defense Intelligence and Intelligence-Related 
      Activities.................................................   817
        Executive agent for open-source intelligence tools (sec. 
          1631)..................................................   817
        Waiver and congressional notification requirements 
          related to facilities for intelligence collection or 
          for special operations abroad (sec. 1632)..............   817
        Prohibition on National Intelligence Program 
          consolidation (sec. 1633)..............................   817
        Limitation on availability of funds for Office of the 
          Under Secretary of Defense for Intelligence (sec. 1634)   818
        Department of Defense intelligence needs (sec. 1635).....   818
        Report on management of certain programs of Defense 
          intelligence elements (sec. 1636)......................   818
        Report on Air National Guard contributions to the RQ-4 
          Global Hawk mission (sec. 1637)........................   819
        Government Accountability Office review of intelligence 
          input to the defense acquisition process (sec. 1638)...   819
    Subtitle C--Cyberspace-Related Matters.......................   819
        Codification and addition of liability protections 
          relating to reporting on cyber incidents or 
          penetrations of networks and information systems of 
          certain contractors (sec. 1641)........................   819
        Authorization of military cyber operations (sec. 1642)...   820
        Limitation on availability of funds pending the submittal 
          of integrated policy to deter adversaries in cyberspace 
          (sec. 1643)............................................   820
        Authorization for procurement of relocatable Sensitive 
          Compartmented Information Facility (sec. 1644).........   821
        Designation of military department entity responsible for 
          acquisition of critical cyber capabilities (sec. 1645).   821
        Assessment of capabilities of United States Cyber Command 
          to defend the United States from cyber attack (sec. 
          1646)..................................................   821
        Evaluation of cyber vulnerabilities of major weapon 
          systems of the Department of Defense (sec. 1647).......   821
        Comprehensive plan and biennial exercises on responding 
          to cyber attacks (sec. 1648)...........................   822
        Sense of Congress on reviewing and considering findings 
          and recommendations of Council of Governors on cyber 
          capabilities of the Armed Forces (sec. 1649)...........   822
    Subtitle D--Nuclear Forces...................................   822
        Assessment of threats to national leadership command, 
          control, and communications system (sec. 1651).........   822
        Organization of nuclear deterrence functions of the Air 
          Force (sec. 1652)......................................   823
        Procurement authority for certain parts of 
          intercontinental ballistic missile fuzes (sec. 1653)...   824
        Prohibition on availability of funds for de-alerting 
          intercontinental ballistic missiles (sec. 1654)........   824
        Assessment of global nuclear environment (sec. 1655).....   824
        Annual briefing on the costs of forward deploying nuclear 
          weapons in Europe (sec. 1656)..........................   825
        Report on the number of planned long-range standoff 
          weapons (sec. 1657)....................................   825
        Review of Comptroller General of the United States on 
          recommendations relating to nuclear enterprise of the 
          Department of Defense (sec. 1658)......................   825
        Sense of Congress on organization of Navy for nuclear 
          deterrence mission (sec. 1659).........................   825
        Sense of Congress on the nuclear force improvement 
          program of the Air Force (sec. 1660)...................   826
        Senses of Congress on importance of cooperation and 
          collaboration between United States and United Kingdom 
          on nuclear issues and on 60th anniversary of strategic 
          systems programs (sec. 1661)...........................   826
        Sense of Congress on plan for implementation of nuclear 
          enterprise reviews (sec. 1662).........................   826
        Sense of Congress and report on milestone A decision on 
          long-range standoff weapon (sec. 1663).................   826
        Sense of Congress on policy on the nuclear triad (sec. 
          1664)..................................................   827
        Report relating to the costs associated with extending 
          the life of the Minuteman III intercontinental 
          ballistic missile (sec. 1665)..........................   827
    Subtitle E--Missile Defense Programs and Other Matters.......   827
        Prohibitions on providing certain missile defense 
          information to Russian Federation (sec. 1671)..........   827
        Prohibition on integration of missile defense systems of 
          Russian Federation into missile defense systems of 
          United States (sec. 1672)..............................   828
        Prohibition on integration of missile defense systems of 
          China into missile defense systems of United States 
          (sec. 1673)............................................   828
        Limitations on availability of funds for Patriot lower 
          tier air and missile defense capability of the Army 
          (sec. 1674)............................................   828
        Integration and interoperability of air and missile 
          defense capabilities of the United States (sec. 1675)..   829
        Integration and interoperability of allied missile 
          defense capabilities (sec. 1676).......................   829
        Missile defense capability in Europe (sec. 1677).........   830
        Availability of funds for Iron Dome short-range rocket 
          defense system (sec. 1678).............................   831
        Israeli cooperative missile defense program co-
          development and co-production (sec. 1679)..............   831
        Boost phase defense system (sec. 1680)...................   832
        Development and deployment of multiple-object kill 
          vehicle for missile defense of the United States 
          homeland (sec. 1681)...................................   833
        Requirement to replace capability enhancement I 
          exoatmospheric kill vehicles (sec. 1682)...............   833
        Designation of preferred location of additional missile 
          defense site in the United States and plan for 
          expediting deployment time of such site (sec. 1683)....   833
        Additional missile defense sensor coverage for the 
          protection of United States homeland (sec. 1684).......   834
        Concept development of space-based missile defense layer 
          (sec. 1685)............................................   835
        Aegis ashore capability development (sec. 1686)..........   836
        Development of requirements to support integrated air and 
          missile defense capabilities (sec. 1687)...............   836
        Extension of requirement for Comptroller General of the 
          United States review and assessment of missile defense 
          acquisition programs (sec. 1688).......................   837
        Plan for medium range ballistic missile defense sensor 
          alternatives for enhanced defense of Hawaii (sec. 1689)   837
        Milestone A decision for the Conventional Prompt Global 
          Strike Weapons System (sec. 1690)......................   837
    Legislative Provisions Not Adopted...........................   838
        Clarification of annual briefing on the intelligence, 
          surveillance, and reconnaissance requirements of the 
          combatant commands.....................................   838
        Comprehensive plan of Department of Defense to support 
          civil authorities in response to cyber attacks by 
          foreign powers.........................................   838
        Limitation on availability of funds for long-range 
          discriminating radar...................................   838
        Sense of Congress on maintaining and enhancing military 
          intelligence support to force protection for 
          installations, facilities, and personnel of the 
          Department of Defense..................................   839
DIVISION B--MILITARY CONSTRUCTION AUTHORIZATIONS.................   839
        Summary and explanation of funding tables................   839
        Short title (sec. 2001)..................................   839
        Expiration of authorizations and amounts required to be 
          specified by law (sec. 2002)...........................   839
        Effective date (sec. 2003)...............................   840
TITLE XXI--ARMY MILITARY CONSTRUCTION............................   840
        Summary..................................................   840
    Legislative Provisions Adopted...............................   840
        Authorized Army construction and land acquisition 
          projects (sec. 2101)...................................   840
        Family housing (sec. 2102)...............................   840
        Improvements to military family housing units (sec. 2103)   841
        Authorization of appropriations, Army (sec. 2104)........   841
        Modification of authority to carry out certain fiscal 
          year 2013 project (sec. 2105)..........................   841
        Extension of authorizations of certain fiscal year 2012 
          projects (sec. 2106)...................................   841
        Extension of authorizations of certain fiscal year 2013 
          projects (sec. 2107)...................................   842
        Additional authority to carry out certain fiscal year 
          2016 projects (sec. 2108)..............................   842
    Legislative Provisions Not Adopted...........................   842
        Limitation on construction of new facilities at 
          Guantanamo Bay, Cuba...................................   842
TITLE XXII--NAVY MILITARY CONSTRUCTION...........................   843
        Summary..................................................   843
    Legislative Provisions Adopted...............................   843
        Authorized Navy construction and land acquisition 
          projects (sec. 2201)...................................   843
        Family housing (sec. 2202)...............................   843
        Improvements to military family housing units (sec. 2203)   843
        Authorization of appropriations, Navy (sec. 2204)........   844
        Extension of authorizations of certain fiscal year 2012 
          projects (sec. 2205)...................................   844
        Extension of authorizations of certain fiscal year 2013 
          projects (sec. 2206)...................................   844
    Legislative Provisions Not Adopted...........................   844
        Townsend Bombing Range expansion, Phase 2................   844
TITLE XXIII--AIR FORCE MILITARY CONSTRUCTION.....................   845
        Summary..................................................   845
    Legislative Provisions Adopted...............................   845
        Authorized Air Force construction and land acquisition 
          projects (sec. 2301)...................................   845
        Family housing (sec. 2302)...............................   845
        Improvements to military family housing units (sec. 2303)   845
        Authorization of appropriations, Air Force (sec. 2304)...   845
        Modification of authority to carry out certain fiscal 
          year 2010 project (sec. 2305)..........................   846
        Modification of authority to carry out certain fiscal 
          year 2014 project (sec. 2306)..........................   846
        Modification of authority to carry out certain fiscal 
          year 2015 project (sec. 2307)..........................   846
        Extension of authorization of certain fiscal year 2012 
          project (sec. 2308)....................................   846
        Extension of authorization of certain fiscal year 2013 
          project (sec. 2309)....................................   847
        Certification of optimal location for Joint Intelligence 
          Analysis Complex and plan for rotation of forces at 
          Lajes Field, Azores (sec. 2310)........................   847
TITLE XXIV--DEFENSE AGENCIES MILITARY CONSTRUCTION...............   847
        Summary..................................................   847
    Legislative Provisions Adopted...............................   848
        Authorized defense agencies construction and land 
          acquisition projects (sec. 2401).......................   848
        Authorized energy conservation projects (sec. 2402)......   848
        Authorization of appropriations, defense agencies (sec. 
          2403)..................................................   849
        Modification of authority to carry out certain fiscal 
          year 2012 project (sec. 2404)..........................   850
        Extension of authorizations of certain fiscal year 2012 
          projects (sec. 2405)...................................   850
        Extension of authorizations of certain fiscal year 2013 
          projects (sec. 2406)...................................   850
        Modification and extension of authority to carry out 
          fiscal year 2014 project (sec. 2407)...................   850
        Modification of authority carry out certain fiscal year 
          2015 projects (sec. 2408)..............................   851
TITLE XXV--NORTH ATLANTIC TREATY ORGANIZATION SECURITY INVESTMENT 
  PROGRAM........................................................   851
        Summary..................................................   851
    Legislative Provisions Adopted...............................   851
        Authorized NATO construction and land acquisition 
          projects (sec. 2501)...................................   851
        Authorization of appropriations, NATO (sec. 2502)........   852
TITLE XXVI--GUARD AND RESERVE FORCES FACILITIES..................   852
        Summary..................................................   852
    Subtitle A--Project Authorizations and Authorizations of 
      Appropriations.............................................   852
        Authorized Army National Guard construction and land 
          acquisition projects (sec. 2601).......................   852
        Authorized Army Reserve construction and land acquisition 
          projects (sec. 2602)...................................   853
        Authorized Navy Reserve and Marine Corps Reserve 
          construction and land acquisition projects (sec. 2603).   853
        Authorized Air National Guard construction and land 
          acquisition projects (sec. 2604).......................   853
        Authorized Air Force Reserve construction and land 
          acquisition projects (sec. 2605).......................   853
        Authorization of appropriations, National Guard and 
          Reserve (sec. 2606)....................................   853
    Subtitle B--Other Matters....................................   854
        Modification and extension of authority to carry out 
          certain fiscal year 2013 project (sec. 2611)...........   854
        Modification of authority to carry out certain fiscal 
          year 2015 projects (sec. 2612).........................   854
        Extension of authorizations of certain fiscal year 2012 
          projects (sec. 2613)...................................   854
        Extension of authorizations of certain fiscal year 2013 
          projects (sec. 2614)...................................   854
TITLE XXVII--BASE REALIGNMENT AND CLOSURE ACTIVITIES.............   855
        Summary..................................................   855
    Legislative Provisions Adopted...............................   855
        Authorization of appropriations for Base Realignment and 
          Closure activities funded through Department of Defense 
          Base Closure Account (sec. 2701).......................   855
        Prohibition on conducting additional Base Realignment and 
          Closure (BRAC) round (sec. 2702).......................   855
TITLE XXVIII--MILITARY CONSTRUCTION GENERAL PROVISIONS...........   855
    Subtitle A--Military Construction Program and Military Family 
      Housing Changes............................................   855
        Revision of congressional notification thresholds for 
          Reserve facility expenditures and contributions to 
          reflect congressional notification thresholds for minor 
          construction and repair projects (sec. 2801)...........   855
        Extension of temporary, limited authority to use 
          operation and maintenance funds for construction 
          projects in certain areas outside the United States 
          (sec. 2802)............................................   856
        Defense laboratory modernization pilot program (sec. 
          2803)..................................................   856
        Temporary authority for acceptance and use of 
          contributions from Kuwait for construction, 
          maintenance, and repair projects mutually beneficial to 
          the Department of Defense and Kuwait Military Forces 
          (sec. 2804)............................................   856
        Conveyance to Indian tribes of relocatable military 
          housing units at military installations in the United 
          States (sec. 2805).....................................   857
    Subtitle B--Real Property and Facilities Administration......   857
        Protection of Department of Defense installations (sec. 
          2811)..................................................   857
        Enhancement of authority to accept conditional gifts of 
          real property on behalf of military service academies 
          (sec. 2812)............................................   857
        Utility systems conveyance authority (sec. 2813).........   857
        Leasing of non-excess property of military departments 
          and Defense Agencies; treatment of value provided by 
          local education agencies and elementary and secondary 
          schools (sec. 2814)....................................   858
        Force-structure plan and infrastructure inventory and 
          assessment of infrastructure necessary to support the 
          force structure (sec. 2815)............................   858
        Temporary reporting requirements related to main 
          operating bases, forward operating sites, and 
          cooperative security locations (sec. 2816).............   858
        Exemption of Army off-site use and off-site removal only 
          non-mobile properties from certain excess property 
          disposal requirements (sec. 2817)......................   859
    Subtitle C--Provisions Related to Asia-Pacific Military 
      Realignment................................................   859
        Limited exception to restriction on development of public 
          infrastructure in connection with realignment of Marine 
          Corps forces in Asia-Pacific region (sec. 2821)........   859
        Annual report on Government of Japan contributions toward 
          realignment of Marine Corps forces in Asia-Pacific 
          region (sec. 2822).....................................   860
    Subtitle D--Land Conveyances.................................   860
        Release of reversionary interest retained as part of the 
          conveyance to the Economic Development Alliance of 
          Jefferson County, Arkansas (sec. 2831).................   860
        Land exchange authority, Mare Island Army Reserve Center, 
          Vallejo, California (sec. 2832)........................   860
        Land exchange, Navy Outlying Landing Field, Naval Air 
          Station, Whiting Field, Florida (sec. 2833)............   860
        Release of property interests retained in connection with 
          conveyance, Camp Villere, Louisiana (sec. 2834)........   861
        Release of property interests retained in connection with 
          land conveyance, Fort Bliss Military Reservation, Texas 
          (sec. 2835)............................................   861
    Subtitle E--Military Land Withdrawals........................   861
        Additional withdrawal and reservation of public land, 
          Naval Air Station China Lake, California (sec. 2841)...   861
    Subtitle F--Other Matters....................................   862
        Modification of Department of Defense guidance on use of 
          pavement markings (sec. 2851)..........................   862
        Extension of authority for establishment of commemorative 
          work in honor of Brigadier General Francis Marion (sec. 
          2852)..................................................   862
    Legislative Provisions Not Adopted...........................   862
        Change in authorities relating to scope of work 
          variations for military construction projects..........   862
        Special authority for minor military construction 
          projects for child development program facilities......   862
        Sense of the Congress regarding base housing projects....   863
        Consultation requirement in connection with Department of 
          Defense major land acquisitions........................   863
        Modification of facility repair notification requirement.   863
        Arsenal installation reutilization authority.............   863
        Sense of Congress on coordination of hunting, fishing, 
          and other recreational activities on military land.....   864
        Land conveyance, Campion Air Force Radar Station, Galena, 
          Alaska.................................................   864
        Bureau of Land Management withdrawn military lands 
          efficiency and savings.................................   864
        Renaming site of the Dayton Aviation Heritage National 
          Historical Park, Ohio..................................   864
        Amendments to the National Historic Preservation Act.....   865
        Protection and recovery of greater sage grouse...........   865
        Use of Military Operations Areas for national security 
          activities.............................................   865
        Renaming of the Captain William Wylie Galt Great Falls 
          Armed Forces Readiness Center in honor of Captain John 
          E. Moran, a recipient of the Medal of Honor............   865
        Implementation of Lesser Prairie Chicken Range-Wide 
          Conservation Plan and other conservation measures......   866
        Removal of endangered species status for American burying 
          beetle.................................................   866
TITLE XXIX--OVERSEAS CONTINGENCY OPERATIONS MILITARY CONSTRUCTION   866
    Legislative Provisions Not Adopted...........................   866
        Authorized Army construction and land acquisition project   866
        Authorized Navy construction and land acquisition 
          projects...............................................   866
        Authorized Air Force construction and land acquisition 
          projects...............................................   866
        Authorized Defense Agencies construction and land 
          acquisition projects...................................   867
        Authorization of appropriations..........................   867
DIVISION C--DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY NATIONAL SECURITY AUTHORIZATIONS 
  AND OTHER AUTHORIZATIONS.......................................   867
TITLE XXXI--DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY NATIONAL SECURITY PROGRAMS......   867
    Subtitle A--National Security Programs Authorizations........   867
        National Nuclear Security Administration (sec. 3101).....   867
        Defense environmental cleanup (sec. 3102)................   867
        Other defense activities (sec. 3103).....................   867
        Nuclear energy (sec. 3104)...............................   868
    Subtitle B--Program Authorizations, Restrictions, and 
      Limitations................................................   868
        Improvement to accountability of Department of Energy 
          employees and projects (sec. 3111).....................   868
        Stockpile responsiveness program (sec. 3112).............   869
        Notification of cost overruns and selected acquisition 
          reports for major alteration projects (sec. 3113)......   869
        Root cause analyses for certain cost overruns (sec. 3114)   869
        Funding of Laboratory-Directed Research and Development 
          Programs (sec. 3115)...................................   870
        Hanford waste treatment and immobilization plant contract 
          oversight (sec. 3116)..................................   871
        Use of best practices for capital asset projects and 
          nuclear weapon life extension programs (sec. 3117).....   871
        Research and development of advanced naval nuclear fuel 
          system based on low-enriched uranium (sec. 3118).......   871
        Disposition of weapons usable plutonium (sec. 3119)......   872
        Establishment of microlab pilot program (sec. 3120)......   873
        Prohibition on the availability of funds for the 
          provision of defense nuclear nonproliferation 
          assistance to the Russian Federation (sec. 3121).......   873
        Prohibition on availability of funds for fixed site 
          radiological portal monitors in foreign countries (sec. 
          3122)..................................................   873
        Limitation on availability of funds for certain arms 
          control and nonproliferation technologies (sec. 3123)..   874
        Limitations on availability of funds for nuclear weapons 
          dismantlement (sec. 3124)..............................   875
    Subtitle C--Plans and Reports................................   875
        Long-term plan for meeting national security requirements 
          for unencumbered uranium (sec. 3131)...................   875
        Defense nuclear nonproliferation management plan (sec. 
          3132)..................................................   875
        Plan for deactivation and decommissioning of 
          nonoperational defense nuclear facilities (sec. 3133)..   876
        Assessment of emergency preparedness of defense nuclear 
          facilities (sec. 3134).................................   876
        Modifications to cost-benefit analyses for competition of 
          management and operating contracts (sec. 3135).........   877
        Interagency review of applications for the transfer of 
          United States civil nuclear technology (sec. 3136).....   877
        Governance and management of nuclear security enterprise 
          (sec. 3137)............................................   881
        Annual report on the number of full time equivalent 
          employees and contractor employees (sec. 3138).........   881
        Development of strategy on risks to nonproliferation 
          caused by additive manufacturing (sec. 3139)...........   882
        Plutonium pit production capacity (sec. 3140)............   882
        Assessments on nuclear proliferation risks and nuclear 
          nonproliferation opportunities (sec. 3141).............   883
        Analysis of alternatives for Mobile Guardian Transporter 
          program (sec. 3142)....................................   883
TITLE XXXII--DEFENSE NUCLEAR FACILITIES SAFETY BOARD.............   883
        Authorization (sec. 3201)................................   883
        Administration of Defense Nuclear Facilities Safety Board 
          (sec. 3202)............................................   883
TITLE XXXIV--NAVAL PETROLEUM RESERVES............................   884
        Authorization of Appropriations (sec. 3401)..............   884
TITLE XXXV--MARITIME ADMINISTRATION..............................   884
    Legislative Provisions Adopted...............................   884
        Authorization of the Maritime Administration (sec. 3501).   884
        Sense of Congress regarding Maritime Security Fleet 
          program (sec. 3502)....................................   884
        Update of references to the Secretary of Transportation 
          regarding unemployment insurance and vessel operators 
          (sec. 3503)............................................   884
        Payment for maritime security fleet vessels (sec. 3504)..   884
        Melville Hall of United States Merchant Marine Academy 
          (sec. 3505)............................................   885
        Cadet commitment agreements (sec. 3506)..................   885
        Student incentive payment agreements (sec. 3507).........   885
        Short sea transportation defined (sec. 3508).............   885
    Legislative Provisions Not Adopted...........................   886
        Reliance on classification society certification for 
          purposes of eligibility for certificate of inspection..   886
DIVISION D--FUNDING TABLES.......................................   886
        Authorization of amounts in funding tables (sec. 4001)...   886
        Clarification of applicability of undistributed 
          reductions of certain operation and maintenance funding 
          among all operation and maintenance funding (sec. 4002)   886
        Summary of National Defense Authorizations for Fiscal 
          Year 2016..............................................   886
        National Defense Budget Authority Implication............   892
TITLE XLI--PROCUREMENT...........................................   894
        Procurement (sec. 4101)..................................   894
        Procurement for overseas contingency operations (sec. 
          4102)..................................................   933
TITLE XLII--RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT, TEST, AND EVALUATION..........   940
        Research, development, test, and evaluation (sec. 4201)..   940
        Research, development, test, and evaluation for overseas 
          contingency operations (sec. 4202).....................   980
TITLE XLIII--OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE...........................   982
        Operation and maintenance (sec. 4301)....................   982
        Operation and maintenance for overseas contingency 
          operations (sec. 4302).................................  1005
        Operation and maintenance base requirements (sec. 4303)..  1015
TITLE XLIV--MILITARY PERSONNEL...................................  1018
        Military personnel (sec. 4401)...........................  1018
        Military personnel for overseas contingency operations 
          (sec. 4402)............................................  1019
TITLE XLV--OTHER AUTHORIZATIONS..................................  1019
        Other authorizations (sec. 4501).........................  1019
        Other authorizations for overseas contingency operations 
          (sec. 4502)............................................  1024
TITLE XLVI--MILITARY CONSTRUCTION................................  1025
        Military construction (sec. 4601)........................  1025
    Legislative Provisions Not Adopted...........................  1042
        Military construction for overseas contingency operations  1042
TITLE XLVII--DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY NATIONAL SECURITY PROGRAMS.....  1043
        Department of Energy national security programs (sec. 
          4701)..................................................  1043
114th Congress                                                   Report
                        HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
 1st Session                                                    114-270

======================================================================



 
        NATIONAL DEFENSE AUTHORIZATION ACT FOR FISCAL YEAR 2016

                                _______
                                

               September 29, 2015.--Ordered to be printed

                                _______
                                

    Mr. Thornberry, from the committee of conference, submitted the 
                               following

                           CONFERENCE REPORT

                        [To accompany H.R. 1735]

      The committee of conference on the disagreeing votes of 
the two Houses on the amendment of the Senate to the bill (H.R. 
1735), to authorize appropriations for fiscal year 2016 for 
military activities of the Department of Defense, for military 
construction, and for defense activities of the Department of 
Energy, to prescribe military personnel strengths for such 
fiscal year, and for other purposes, having met, after full and 
free conference, have agreed to recommend and do recommend to 
their respective Houses as follows:
      That the House recede from its disagreement to the 
amendment of the Senate and agree to the same with an amendment 
as follows:
      In lieu of the matter proposed to be inserted by the 
Senate amendment, insert the following:

SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.

    This Act may be cited as the ``National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2016''.

SEC. 2. ORGANIZATION OF ACT INTO DIVISIONS; TABLE OF CONTENTS.

    (a) Divisions.--This Act is organized into four divisions 
as follows:
            (1) Division A--Department of Defense 
        Authorizations.
            (2) Division B--Military Construction 
        Authorizations.
            (3) Division C--Department of Energy National 
        Security Authorizations and Other Authorizations.
            (4) Division D--Funding Tables.
    (b) Table of Contents.--The table of contents for this Act 
is as follows:

Sec. 1. Short title.
Sec. 2. Organization of Act into divisions; table of contents.
Sec. 3. Congressional defense committees.
Sec. 4. Budgetary effects of this Act.

            DIVISION A--DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE AUTHORIZATIONS

                          TITLE I--PROCUREMENT

               Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations

Sec. 101. Authorization of appropriations.

                        Subtitle B--Army Programs

Sec. 111. Prioritization of upgraded UH-60 Blackhawk helicopters within 
          Army National Guard.
Sec. 112. Roadmap for replacement of A/MH-6 Mission Enhanced Little Bird 
          aircraft to meet special operations requirements.
Sec. 113. Report on options to accelerate replacement of UH-60A 
          Blackhawk helicopters of Army National Guard.
Sec. 114. Sense of Congress on tactical wheeled vehicle protection kits.

                        Subtitle C--Navy Programs

Sec. 121. Modification of CVN-78 class aircraft carrier program.
Sec. 122. Amendment to cost limitation baseline for CVN-78 class 
          aircraft carrier program.
Sec. 123. Extension and modification of limitation on availability of 
          funds for Littoral Combat Ship.
Sec. 124. Modification to multiyear procurement authority for Arleigh 
          Burke class destroyers and associated systems.
Sec. 125. Procurement of additional Arleigh Burke class destroyer.
Sec. 126. Refueling and complex overhaul of the U.S.S. George 
          Washington.
Sec. 127. Fleet Replenishment Oiler Program.
Sec. 128. Limitation on availability of funds for U.S.S. John F. Kennedy 
          (CVN-79).
Sec. 129. Limitation on availability of funds for U.S.S. Enterprise 
          (CVN-80).
Sec. 130. Limitation on availability of funds for Littoral Combat Ship.
Sec. 131. Reporting requirement for Ohio-class replacement submarine 
          program.

                     Subtitle D--Air Force Programs

Sec. 141. Backup inventory status of A-10 aircraft.
Sec. 142. Prohibition on availability of funds for retirement of A-10 
          aircraft.
Sec. 143. Prohibition on availability of funds for retirement of EC-130H 
          Compass Call aircraft.
Sec. 144. Prohibition on availability of funds for retirement of Joint 
          Surveillance Target Attack Radar System, EC-130H Compass Call, 
          and Airborne Warning and Control System aircraft.
Sec. 145. Limitation on availability of funds for F-35A aircraft 
          procurement.
Sec. 146. Prohibition on availability of funds for retirement of KC-10 
          aircraft.
Sec. 147. Limitation on availability of funds for transfer of C-130 
          aircraft.
Sec. 148. Limitation on availability of funds for executive 
          communications upgrades for C-20 and C-37 aircraft.
Sec. 149. Limitation on availability of funds for T-1A Jayhawk aircraft.
Sec. 150. Notification of retirement of B-1, B-2, and B-52 bomber 
          aircraft.
Sec. 151. Inventory requirement for fighter aircraft of the Air Force.
Sec. 152. Sense of Congress regarding the OCONUS basing of F-35A 
          aircraft.

        Subtitle E--Defense-wide, Joint, and Multiservice Matters

Sec. 161. Limitation on availability of funds for Joint Battle Command-
          Platform.
Sec. 162. Report on Army and Marine Corps modernization plan for small 
          arms.
Sec. 163. Study on use of different types of enhanced 5.56mm ammunition 
          by the Army and the Marine Corps.

          TITLE II--RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT, TEST, AND EVALUATION

               Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations

Sec. 201. Authorization of appropriations.

     Subtitle B--Program Requirements, Restrictions, and Limitations

Sec. 211. Centers for Science, Technology, and Engineering Partnership.
Sec. 212.  Expansion of eligibility for financial assistance under 
          Department of Defense Science, Mathematics, and Research for 
          Transformation Program to include citizens of countries 
          participating in the Technical Cooperation Program.
Sec. 213. Expansion of education partnerships to support technology 
          transfer and transition.
Sec. 214. Improvement to coordination and communication of defense 
          research activities.
Sec. 215. Reauthorization of Global Research Watch program.
Sec. 216. Reauthorization of defense research and development rapid 
          innovation program.
Sec. 217. Science and technology activities to support business systems 
          information technology acquisition programs.
Sec. 218. Department of Defense technology offset program to build and 
          maintain the military technological superiority of the United 
          States.
Sec. 219. Limitation on availability of funds for F-15 infrared search 
          and track capability development.
Sec. 220. Limitation on availability of funds for development of the 
          shallow water combat submersible.
Sec. 221. Limitation on availability of funds for the advanced 
          development and manufacturing facility under the medical 
          countermeasure program.
Sec. 222. Limitation on availability of funds for distributed common 
          ground system of the Army.
Sec. 223. Limitation on availability of funds for distributed common 
          ground system of the United States Special Operations Command.
Sec. 224. Limitation on availability of funds for Integrated Personnel 
          and Pay System of the Army.

                  Subtitle C--Reports and Other Matters

Sec. 231. Streamlining the Joint Federated Assurance Center.
Sec. 232. Demonstration of Persistent Close Air Support capabilities.
Sec. 233. Strategies for engagement with Historically Black Colleges and 
          Universities and Minority-serving Institutions of Higher 
          Education.
Sec. 234. Report on commercial-off-the-shelf wide-area surveillance 
          systems for Army tactical unmanned aerial systems.
Sec. 235. Report on Tactical Combat Training System Increment II.
Sec. 236. Report on technology readiness levels of the technologies and 
          capabilities critical to the long-range strike bomber 
          aircraft.
Sec. 237. Assessment of air-land mobile tactical communications and data 
          network requirements and capabilities.
Sec. 238. Study of field failures involving counterfeit electronic 
          parts.
Sec. 239. Airborne data link plan.
Sec. 240. Plan for advanced weapons technology war games.
Sec. 241. Independent assessment of F135 engine program.
Sec. 242. Comptroller General review of autonomic logistics information 
          system for F-35 Lightning II aircraft.
Sec. 243. Sense of Congress regarding facilitation of a high quality 
          technical workforce.

                  TITLE III--OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE

               Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations

Sec. 301. Authorization of appropriations.

                   Subtitle B--Energy and Environment

Sec. 311. Limitation on procurement of drop-in fuels.
Sec. 312. Southern Sea Otter Military Readiness Areas.
Sec. 313. Modification of energy management reporting requirements.
Sec. 314. Revision to scope of statutorily required review of projects 
          relating to potential obstructions to aviation so as to apply 
          only to energy projects.
Sec. 315. Exclusions from definition of ``chemical substance'' under 
          Toxic Substances Control Act.

                  Subtitle C--Logistics and Sustainment

Sec. 322. Repeal of limitation on authority to enter into a contract for 
          the sustainment, maintenance, repair, or overhaul of the F117 
          engine.
Sec. 323. Pilot programs for availability of working-capital funds for 
          product improvements.

                           Subtitle D--Reports

Sec. 331. Modification of annual report on prepositioned materiel and 
          equipment.
Sec. 332. Report on merger of Office of Assistant Secretary for 
          Operational Energy Plans and Deputy Under Secretary for 
          Installations and Environment.
Sec. 333. Report on equipment purchased noncompetitively from foreign 
          entities.

                        Subtitle E--Other Matters

Sec. 341. Prohibition on contracts making payments for honoring members 
          of the Armed Forces at sporting events.
Sec. 342. Military animals: transfer and adoption.
Sec. 343. Temporary authority to extend contracts and leases under the 
          ARMS Initiative.
Sec. 344. Improvements to Department of Defense excess property 
          disposal.
Sec. 345. Limitation on use of funds for Department of Defense 
          sponsorships, advertising, or marketing associated with 
          sports-related organizations or sporting events.
Sec. 346. Reduction in amounts available for Department of Defense 
          headquarters, administrative, and support activities.

               TITLE IV--MILITARY PERSONNEL AUTHORIZATIONS

                        Subtitle A--Active Forces

Sec. 401. End strengths for active forces.
Sec. 402. Revisions in permanent active duty end strength minimum 
          levels.

                       Subtitle B--Reserve Forces

Sec. 411. End strengths for Selected Reserve.
Sec. 412. End strengths for reserves on active duty in support of the 
          reserves.
Sec. 413. End strengths for military technicians (dual status).
Sec. 414. Fiscal year 2016 limitation on number of non-dual status 
          technicians.
Sec. 415. Maximum number of reserve personnel authorized to be on active 
          duty for operational support.

               Subtitle C--Authorization of Appropriations

Sec. 421. Military personnel.
Sec. 422. Report on force structure of the Army.

                   TITLE V--MILITARY PERSONNEL POLICY

                  Subtitle A--Officer Personnel Policy

Sec. 501. Reinstatement of enhanced authority for selective early 
          discharge of warrant officers.
Sec. 502. Equitable treatment of junior officers excluded from an all-
          fully-qualified-officers list because of administrative error.
Sec. 503. Enhanced flexibility for determination of officers to continue 
          on active duty and for selective early retirement and early 
          discharge.
Sec. 504. Authority to defer until age 68 mandatory retirement for age 
          of a general or flag officer serving as Chief or Deputy Chief 
          of Chaplains of the Army, Navy, or Air Force.
Sec. 505. General rule for warrant officer retirement in highest grade 
          held satisfactorily.
Sec. 506. Implementation of Comptroller General recommendation on the 
          definition and availability of costs associated with general 
          and flag officers and their aides.

                Subtitle B--Reserve Component Management

Sec. 511. Continued service in the Ready Reserve by Members of Congress 
          who are also members of the Ready Reserve.
Sec. 512. Clarification of purpose of reserve component special 
          selection boards as limited to correction of error at a 
          mandatory promotion board.
Sec. 513. Increase in number of days of active duty required to be 
          performed by reserve component members for duty to be 
          considered Federal service for purposes of unemployment 
          compensation for ex-servicemembers.
Sec. 514. Temporary authority to use Air Force reserve component 
          personnel to provide training and instruction regarding pilot 
          training.
Sec. 515. Assessment of Military Compensation and Retirement 
          Modernization Commission recommendation regarding 
          consolidation of authorities to order members of reserve 
          components to perform duty.

                 Subtitle C--General Service Authorities

Sec. 521. Limited authority for Secretary concerned to initiate 
          applications for correction of military records.
Sec. 522. Temporary authority to develop and provide additional 
          recruitment incentives.
Sec. 523. Expansion of authority to conduct pilot programs on career 
          flexibility to enhance retention of members of the Armed 
          Forces.
Sec. 524. Modification of notice and wait requirements for change in 
          ground combat exclusion policy for female members of the Armed 
          Forces.
Sec. 525. Role of Secretary of Defense in development of gender-neutral 
          occupational standards.
Sec. 526. Establishment of process by which members of the Armed Forces 
          may carry an appropriate firearm on a military installation.
Sec. 527. Establishment of breastfeeding policy for the Department of 
          the Army.
Sec. 528. Sense of Congress recognizing the diversity of the members of 
          the Armed Forces.

  Subtitle D--Military Justice, Including Sexual Assault and Domestic 
                    Violence Prevention and Response

Sec. 531. Enforcement of certain crime victim rights by the Court of 
          Criminal Appeals.
Sec. 532. Department of Defense civilian employee access to Special 
          Victims' Counsel.
Sec. 533. Authority of Special Victims' Counsel to provide legal 
          consultation and assistance in connection with various 
          Government proceedings.
Sec. 534. Timely notification to victims of sex-related offenses of the 
          availability of assistance from Special Victims' Counsel.
Sec. 535. Additional improvements to Special Victims' Counsel program.
Sec. 536. Enhancement of confidentiality of restricted reporting of 
          sexual assault in the military.
Sec. 537. Modification of deadline for establishment of Defense Advisory 
          Committee on Investigation, Prosecution, and Defense of Sexual 
          Assault in the Armed Forces.
Sec. 538. Improved Department of Defense prevention and response to 
          sexual assaults in which the victim is a male member of the 
          Armed Forces.
Sec. 539. Preventing retaliation against members of the Armed Forces who 
          report or intervene on behalf of the victim of an alleged sex-
          related offence.
Sec. 540. Sexual assault prevention and response training for 
          administrators and instructors of Senior Reserve Officers' 
          Training Corps.
Sec. 541. Retention of case notes in investigations of sex-related 
          offenses involving members of the Army, Navy, Air Force, or 
          Marine Corps.
Sec. 542. Comptroller General of the United States reports on prevention 
          and response to sexual assault by the Army National Guard and 
          the Army Reserve.
Sec. 543. Improved implementation of changes to Uniform Code of Military 
          Justice.
Sec. 544. Modification of Rule 104 of the Rules for Courts-Martial to 
          establish certain prohibitions concerning evaluations of 
          Special Victims' Counsel.
Sec. 545. Modification of Rule 304 of the Military Rules of Evidence 
          relating to the corroboration of a confession or admission.

         Subtitle E--Member Education, Training, and Transition

Sec. 551. Enhancements to Yellow Ribbon Reintegration Program.
Sec. 552. Availability of preseparation counseling for members of the 
          Armed Forces discharged or released after limited active duty.
Sec. 553. Availability of additional training opportunities under 
          Transition Assistance Program.
Sec. 554. Modification of requirement for in-resident instruction for 
          courses of instruction offered as part of Phase II joint 
          professional military education.
Sec. 555. Termination of program of educational assistance for reserve 
          component members supporting contingency operations and other 
          operations.
Sec. 556. Appointments to military service academies from nominations 
          made by Delegates in Congress from the Virgin Islands, Guam, 
          American Samoa, and the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana 
          Islands.
Sec. 557. Support for athletic programs of the United States Military 
          Academy.
Sec. 558. Condition on admission of defense industry civilians to attend 
          the United States Air Force Institute of Technology.
Sec. 559. Quality assurance of certification programs and standards for 
          professional credentials obtained by members of the Armed 
          Forces.
Sec. 560. Prohibition on receipt of unemployment insurance while 
          receiving post-9/11 education assistance.
Sec. 561. Job Training and Post-Service Placement Executive Committee.
Sec. 562. Recognition of additional involuntary mobilization duty 
          authorities exempt from five-year limit on reemployment rights 
          of persons who serve in the uniformed services.
Sec. 563. Expansion of outreach for veterans transitioning from serving 
          on active duty.

Subtitle F--Defense Dependents' Education and Military Family Readiness 
                                 Matters

Sec. 571. Continuation of authority to assist local educational agencies 
          that benefit dependents of members of the Armed Forces and 
          Department of Defense civilian employees.
Sec. 572. Impact aid for children with severe disabilities.
Sec. 573. Authority to use appropriated funds to support Department of 
          Defense student meal programs in domestic dependent elementary 
          and secondary schools located outside the United States.
Sec. 574. Family support programs for immediate family members of 
          members of the Armed Forces assigned to special operations 
          forces.

                   Subtitle G--Decorations and Awards

Sec. 581. Authorization for award of the Distinguished-Service Cross for 
          acts of extraordinary heroism during the Korean War.

           Subtitle H--Miscellaneous Reports and Other Matters

Sec. 591. Coordination with non-government suicide prevention 
          organizations and agencies to assist in reducing suicides by 
          members of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 592. Extension of semiannual reports on the involuntary separation 
          of members of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 593. Report on preliminary mental health screenings for individuals 
          becoming members of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 594. Report regarding new rulemaking under the Military Lending Act 
          and Defense Manpower Data Center reports and meetings.
Sec. 595. Remotely piloted aircraft career field manning shortfalls.

           TITLE VI--COMPENSATION AND OTHER PERSONNEL BENEFITS

                     Subtitle A--Pay and Allowances

Sec. 601. No fiscal year 2016 increase in military basic pay for general 
          and flag officers.
Sec. 602. Limitation on eligibility for supplemental subsistence 
          allowances to members serving outside the United States and 
          associated territory.
Sec. 603. Phased-in modification of percentage of national average 
          monthly cost of housing usable in computation of basic 
          allowance for housing inside the United States.
Sec. 604. Extension of authority to provide temporary increase in rates 
          of basic allowance for housing under certain circumstances.
Sec. 605. Availability of information under the Food and Nutrition Act 
          of 2008.

           Subtitle B--Bonuses and Special and Incentive Pays

Sec. 611. One-year extension of certain bonus and special pay 
          authorities for reserve forces.
Sec. 612. One-year extension of certain bonus and special pay 
          authorities for health care professionals.
Sec. 613. One-year extension of special pay and bonus authorities for 
          nuclear officers.
Sec. 614. One-year extension of authorities relating to title 37 
          consolidated special pay, incentive pay, and bonus 
          authorities.
Sec. 615. One-year extension of authorities relating to payment of other 
          title 37 bonuses and special pays.
Sec. 616. Increase in maximum annual amount of nuclear officer bonus 
          pay.
Sec. 617. Modification to special aviation incentive pay and bonus 
          authorities for officers.
Sec. 618. Repeal of obsolete authority to pay bonus to encourage Army 
          personnel to refer persons for enlistment in the Army.

            Subtitle C--Travel and Transportation Allowances

Sec. 621. Transportation to transfer ceremonies for family and next of 
          kin of members of the Armed Forces who die overseas during 
          humanitarian operations.
Sec. 622. Repeal of obsolete special travel and transportation allowance 
          for survivors of deceased members of the Armed Forces from the 
          Vietnam conflict.
Sec. 623. Study and report on policy changes to the Joint Travel 
          Regulations.

     Subtitle D--Disability Pay, Retired Pay, and Survivor Benefits

                       Part I--Retired Pay Reform

Sec. 631. Modernized retirement system for members of the uniformed 
          services.
Sec. 632. Full participation for members of the uniformed services in 
          the Thrift Savings Plan.
Sec. 633. Lump sum payments of certain retired pay.
Sec. 634. Continuation pay for full TSP members with 12 years of 
          service.
Sec. 635. Effective date and implementation.

                         Part II--Other Matters

Sec. 641. Death of former spouse beneficiaries and subsequent 
          remarriages under the Survivor Benefit Plan.

    Subtitle E--Commissary and Non-Appropriated Fund Instrumentality 
                         Benefits and Operations

Sec. 651. Plan to obtain budget-neutrality for the defense commissary 
          system and the military exchange system.
Sec. 652. Comptroller General of the United States report on the 
          Commissary Surcharge, Non-appropriated Fund, and Privately-
          Financed Major Construction Program.

                        Subtitle F--Other Matters

Sec. 661. Improvement of financial literacy and preparedness of members 
          of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 662. Recordation of obligations for installment payments of 
          incentive pays, allowances, and similar benefits when payment 
          is due.

                    TITLE VII--HEALTH CARE PROVISIONS

           Subtitle A--TRICARE and Other Health Care Benefits

Sec. 701. Access to TRICARE Prime for certain beneficiaries.
Sec. 702. Modifications of cost-sharing for the TRICARE pharmacy 
          benefits program.
Sec. 703. Expansion of continued health benefits coverage to include 
          discharged and released members of the Selected Reserve.
Sec. 704. Access to health care under the TRICARE program for 
          beneficiaries of TRICARE Prime.
Sec. 705. Expansion of reimbursement for smoking cessation services for 
          certain TRICARE beneficiaries.

                 Subtitle B--Health Care Administration

Sec. 711. Waiver of recoupment of erroneous payments caused by 
          administrative error under the TRICARE program.
Sec. 712. Publication of data on patient safety, quality of care, 
          satisfaction, and health outcome measures under the TRICARE 
          program.
Sec. 713. Expansion of evaluation of effectiveness of the TRICARE 
          program to include information on patient safety, quality of 
          care, and access to care at military medical treatment 
          facilities.
Sec. 714. Portability of health plans under the TRICARE program.
Sec. 715. Joint uniform formulary for transition of care.
Sec. 716. Licensure of mental health professionals in TRICARE program.
Sec. 717. Designation of certain non-Department mental health care 
          providers with knowledge relating to treatment of members of 
          the Armed Forces.
Sec. 718. Comprehensive standards and access to contraception counseling 
          for members of the Armed Forces.

                  Subtitle C--Reports and Other Matters

Sec. 721. Provision of transportation of dependent patients relating to 
          obstetrical anesthesia services.
Sec. 722. Extension of authority for DOD-VA Health Care Sharing 
          Incentive Fund.
Sec. 723. Extension of authority for Joint Department of Defense-
          Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Facility Demonstration 
          Fund.
Sec. 724. Limitation on availability of funds for Office of the 
          Secretary of Defense.
Sec. 725. Pilot program on urgent care under TRICARE program.
Sec. 726. Pilot program on incentive programs to improve health care 
          provided under the TRICARE program.
Sec. 727. Limitation on availability of funds for Department of Defense 
          Healthcare Management Systems Modernization.
Sec. 728. Submittal of information to Secretary of Veterans Affairs 
          relating to exposure to airborne hazards and open burn pits.
Sec. 729. Plan for development of procedures to measure data on mental 
          health care provided by the Department of Defense.
Sec. 730. Report on plans to improve experience with and eliminate 
          performance variability of health care provided by the 
          Department of Defense.
Sec. 731. Comptroller General study on gambling and problem gambling 
          behavior among members of the Armed Forces.

  TITLE VIII--ACQUISITION POLICY, ACQUISITION MANAGEMENT, AND RELATED 
                                 MATTERS

              Subtitle A--Acquisition Policy and Management

Sec. 801. Required review of acquisition-related functions of the Chiefs 
          of Staff of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 802. Role of Chiefs of Staff in the acquisition process.
Sec. 803. Expansion of rapid acquisition authority.
Sec. 804. Middle tier of acquisition for rapid prototyping and rapid 
          fielding.
Sec. 805. Use of alternative acquisition paths to acquire critical 
          national security capabilities.
Sec. 806. Secretary of Defense waiver of acquisition laws to acquire 
          vital national security capabilities.
Sec. 807. Acquisition authority of the Commander of United States Cyber 
          Command.
Sec. 808. Report on linking and streamlining requirements, acquisition, 
          and budget processes within Armed Forces.
Sec. 809. Advisory panel on streamlining and codifying acquisition 
          regulations.
Sec. 810. Review of time-based requirements process and budgeting and 
          acquisition systems.

 Subtitle B--Amendments to General Contracting Authorities, Procedures, 
                             and Limitations

Sec. 811. Amendment relating to multiyear contract authority for 
          acquisition of property.
Sec. 812. Applicability of cost and pricing data and certification 
          requirements.
Sec. 813. Rights in technical data.
Sec. 814. Procurement of supplies for experimental purposes.
Sec. 815. Amendments to other transaction authority.
Sec. 816. Amendment to acquisition threshold for special emergency 
          procurement authority.
Sec. 817. Revision of method of rounding when making inflation 
          adjustment of acquisition-related dollar thresholds.

  Subtitle C--Provisions Related to Major Defense Acquisition Programs

Sec. 821. Acquisition strategy required for each major defense 
          acquisition program, major automated information system, and 
          major system.
Sec. 822. Revision to requirements relating to risk management in 
          development of major defense acquisition programs and major 
          systems.
Sec. 823. Revision of Milestone A decision authority responsibilities 
          for major defense acquisition programs.
Sec. 824. Revision of Milestone B decision authority responsibilities 
          for major defense acquisition programs.
Sec. 825. Designation of milestone decision authority.
Sec. 826. Tenure and accountability of program managers for program 
          definition periods.
Sec. 827. Tenure and accountability of program managers for program 
          execution periods.
Sec. 828. Penalty for cost overruns.
Sec. 829. Streamlining of reporting requirements applicable to Assistant 
          Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering regarding 
          major defense acquisition programs.
Sec. 830. Configuration Steering Boards for cost control under major 
          defense acquisition programs.
Sec. 831. Repeal of requirement for stand-alone manpower estimates for 
          major defense acquisition programs.
Sec. 832. Revision to duties of the Deputy Assistant Secretary of 
          Defense for Developmental Test and Evaluation and the Deputy 
          Assistant Secretary of Defense for Systems Engineering.

        Subtitle D--Provisions Relating to Acquisition Workforce

Sec. 841. Amendments to Department of Defense Acquisition Workforce 
          Development Fund.
Sec. 842. Dual-track military professionals in operational and 
          acquisition specialities.
Sec. 843. Provision of joint duty assignment credit for acquisition 
          duty.
Sec. 844. Mandatory requirement for training related to the conduct of 
          market research.
Sec. 845. Independent study of implementation of defense acquisition 
          workforce improvement efforts.
Sec. 846. Extension of authority for the civilian acquisition workforce 
          personnel demonstration project.

           Subtitle E--Provisions Relating to Commercial Items

Sec. 851. Procurement of commercial items.
Sec. 852. Modification to information required to be submitted by 
          offeror in procurement of major weapon systems as commercial 
          items.
Sec. 853. Use of recent prices paid by the Government in the 
          determination of price reasonableness.
Sec. 854. Report on defense-unique laws applicable to the procurement of 
          commercial items and commercially available off-the-shelf 
          items.
Sec. 855. Market research and preference for commercial items.
Sec. 856. Limitation on conversion of procurements from commercial 
          acquisition procedures.
Sec. 857. Treatment of goods and services provided by nontraditional 
          defense contractors as commercial items.

                   Subtitle F--Industrial Base Matters

Sec. 861. Amendment to Mentor-Protege Program.
Sec. 862. Amendments to data quality improvement plan.
Sec. 863. Notice of contract consolidation for acquisition strategies.
Sec. 864. Clarification of requirements related to small business 
          contracts for services.
Sec. 865. Certification requirements for Business Opportunity 
          Specialists, commercial market representatives, and 
          procurement center representatives.
Sec. 866. Modifications to requirements for qualified HUBZone small 
          business concerns located in a base closure area.
Sec. 867. Joint venturing and teaming.
Sec. 868. Modification to and scorecard program for small business 
          contracting goals.
Sec. 869. Establishment of an Office of Hearings and Appeals in the 
          Small Business Administration; petitions for reconsideration 
          of size standards.
Sec. 870. Additional duties of the Director of Small and Disadvantaged 
          Business Utilization.
Sec. 871. Including subcontracting goals in agency responsibilities.
Sec. 872. Reporting related to failure of contractors to meet goals 
          under negotiated comprehensive small business subcontracting 
          plans.
Sec. 873. Pilot program for streamlining awards for innovative 
          technology projects.
Sec. 874. Surety bond requirements and amount of guarantee.
Sec. 875. Review of Government access to intellectual property rights of 
          private sector firms.
Sec. 876. Inclusion in annual technology and industrial capability 
          assessments of a determination about defense acquisition 
          program requirements.

                        Subtitle G--Other Matters

Sec. 881. Consideration of potential program cost increases and schedule 
          delays resulting from oversight of defense acquisition 
          programs.
Sec. 882. Examination and guidance relating to oversight and approval of 
          services contracts.
Sec. 883. Streamlining of requirements relating to defense business 
          systems.
Sec. 884. Procurement of personal protective equipment.
Sec. 885. Amendments concerning detection and avoidance of counterfeit 
          electronic parts.
Sec. 886. Exception for AbilityOne products from authority to acquire 
          goods and services manufactured in Afghanistan, Central Asian 
          States, and Djibouti.
Sec. 887. Effective communication between government and industry.
Sec. 888. Standards for procurement of secure information technology and 
          cyber security systems.
Sec. 889. Unified information technology services.
Sec. 890. Cloud strategy for Department of Defense.
Sec. 891. Development period for Department of Defense information 
          technology systems.
Sec. 892. Revisions to pilot program on acquisition of military purpose 
          nondevelopmental items.
Sec. 893. Improved auditing of contracts.
Sec. 894. Sense of Congress on evaluation method for procurement of 
          audit or audit readiness services.
Sec. 895. Mitigating potential unfair competitive advantage of technical 
          advisors to acquisition programs.
Sec. 896. Survey on the costs of regulatory compliance.
Sec. 897. Treatment of interagency and State and local purchases when 
          the Department of Defense acts as contract intermediary for 
          the General Services Administration.
Sec. 898. Competition for religious services contracts.
Sec. 899. Pilot program regarding risk-based contracting for smaller 
          contract actions under the Truth in Negotiations Act.

       TITLE IX--DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE ORGANIZATION AND MANAGEMENT

Sec. 901. Update of statutory specification of functions of the Chairman 
          of the Joint Chiefs of Staff relating to joint force 
          development activities.
Sec. 902. Sense of Congress on the United States Marine Corps.

                       TITLE X--GENERAL PROVISIONS

                      Subtitle A--Financial Matters

Sec. 1001. General transfer authority.
Sec. 1002. Accounting standards to value certain property, plant, and 
          equipment items.
Sec. 1003. Report on auditable financial statements.
Sec. 1004. Sense of Congress on sequestration.
Sec. 1005. Annual audit of financial statements of Department of Defense 
          components by independent external auditors.

                   Subtitle B--Counter-Drug Activities

Sec. 1011. Extension of authority to support unified counterdrug and 
          counterterrorism campaign in Colombia.
Sec. 1012. Extension and expansion of authority to provide additional 
          support for counter-drug activities of certain foreign 
          governments.
Sec. 1013. Sense of Congress on Central America.

                 Subtitle C--Naval Vessels and Shipyards

Sec. 1021. Additional information supporting long-range plans for 
          construction of naval vessels.
Sec. 1022. National Sea-Based Deterrence Fund.
Sec. 1023. Extension of authority for reimbursement of expenses for 
          certain Navy mess operations afloat.
Sec. 1024. Availability of funds for retirement or inactivation of 
          Ticonderoga class cruisers or dock landing ships.
Sec. 1025. Limitation on the use of funds for removal of ballistic 
          missile defense capabilities from Ticonderoga class cruisers.
Sec. 1026. Independent assessment of United States Combat Logistic Force 
          requirements.

                      Subtitle D--Counterterrorism

Sec. 1031. Prohibition on use of funds for transfer or release of 
          individuals detained at United States Naval Station, 
          Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, to the United States.
Sec. 1032. Prohibition on use of funds to construct or modify facilities 
          in the United States to house detainees transferred from 
          United States Naval Station, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba.
Sec. 1033. Prohibition on use of funds for transfer or release to 
          certain countries of individuals detained at United States 
          Naval Station, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba.
Sec. 1034. Reenactment and modification of certain prior requirements 
          for certifications relating to transfer of detainees at United 
          States Naval Station, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, to foreign 
          countries and other foreign entities.
Sec. 1035. Comprehensive detention strategy.
Sec. 1036. Prohibition on use of funds for realignment of forces at or 
          closure of United States Naval Station, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba.
Sec. 1037. Report on current detainees at United States Naval Station, 
          Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, determined or assessed to be high risk 
          or medium risk.
Sec. 1038. Reports to Congress on contact between terrorists and 
          individuals formerly detained at United States Naval Station, 
          Guantanamo Bay, Cuba.
Sec. 1039. Inclusion in reports to Congress of information about 
          recidivism of individuals formerly detained at United States 
          Naval Station, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba.
Sec. 1040. Report to Congress on terms of written agreements with 
          foreign countries regarding transfer of detainees at United 
          States Naval Station, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba.
Sec. 1041. Report on use of United States Naval Station, Guantanamo Bay, 
          Cuba, and other Department of Defense or Bureau of Prisons 
          prisons or detention or disciplinary facilities in recruitment 
          or other propaganda of terrorist organizations.
Sec. 1042. Permanent authority to provide rewards through government 
          personnel of allied forces and certain other modifications to 
          Department of Defense program to provide rewards.
Sec. 1043. Sunset on exception to congressional notification of 
          sensitive military operations.
Sec. 1044. Repeal of semiannual reports on obligation and expenditure of 
          funds for the combating terrorism program.
Sec. 1045. Limitation on interrogation techniques.

          Subtitle E--Miscellaneous Authorities and Limitations

Sec. 1051. Department of Defense excess property program.
Sec. 1052. Sale or donation of excess personal property for border 
          security activities.
Sec. 1053. Management of military technicians.
Sec. 1054. Limitation on transfer of certain AH-64 Apache helicopters 
          from Army National Guard to regular Army and related personnel 
          levels.
Sec. 1055. Authority to provide training and support to personnel of 
          foreign ministries of defense.
Sec. 1056. Information operations and engagement technology 
          demonstrations.
Sec. 1057. Prohibition on use of funds for retirement of Helicopter Sea 
          Combat Squadron 84 and 85 aircraft.
Sec. 1058. Limitation on availability of funds for destruction of 
          certain landmines and report on department of defense policy 
          and inventory of anti-personnel landmine munitions.
Sec. 1059. Department of Defense authority to provide assistance to 
          secure the southern land border of the United States.

                     Subtitle F--Studies and Reports

Sec. 1060. Provision of defense planning guidance and contingency 
          planning guidance information to Congress.
Sec. 1061. Expedited meetings of the National Commission on the Future 
          of the Army.
Sec. 1062. Modification of certain reports submitted by Comptroller 
          General of the United States.
Sec. 1063. Report on implementation of the geographically distributed 
          force laydown in the area of responsibility of United States 
          Pacific Command.
Sec. 1064. Independent study of national security strategy formulation 
          process.
Sec. 1065. Report on the status of detection, identification, and 
          disablement capabilities related to remotely piloted aircraft.
Sec. 1066. Report on options to accelerate the training of pilots of 
          remotely piloted aircraft.
Sec. 1067. Studies of fleet platform architectures for the Navy.
Sec. 1068. Report on strategy to protect United States national security 
          interests in the Arctic region.
Sec. 1069. Comptroller General briefing and report on major medical 
          facility projects of Department of Veterans Affairs.
Sec. 1070. Submittal to Congress of munitions assessments.
Sec. 1071. Potential role for United States ground forces in the Western 
          Pacific theater.
Sec. 1072. Repeal or revision of reporting requirements related to 
          military personnel issues.
Sec. 1073. Repeal or revision of reporting requirements relating to 
          readiness.
Sec. 1074. Repeal or revision of reporting requirements related to naval 
          vessels and Merchant Marine.
Sec. 1075. Repeal or revision of reporting requirements related to 
          civilian personnel.
Sec. 1076. Repeal or revision of reporting requirements related to 
          nuclear proliferation and related matters.
Sec. 1077. Repeal or revision of reporting requirements related to 
          acquisition.
Sec. 1078. Repeal or revision of miscellaneous reporting requirements.
Sec. 1079. Repeal of reporting requirements.
Sec. 1080. Termination of requirement for submittal to Congress of 
          reports required of Department of Defense by statute.

                        Subtitle G--Other Matters

Sec. 1081. Technical and clerical amendments.
Sec. 1082. Situations involving bombings of places of public use, 
          Government facilities, public transportation systems, and 
          infrastructure facilities.
Sec. 1083. Executive agent for the oversight and management of 
          alternative compensatory control measures.
Sec. 1084. Navy support of Ocean Research Advisory Panel.
Sec. 1085. Level of readiness of Civil Reserve Air Fleet carriers.
Sec. 1086. Reform and improvement of personnel security, insider threat 
          detection and prevention, and physical security.
Sec. 1087. Transfer of surplus firearms to Corporation for the Promotion 
          of Rifle Practice and Firearms Safety.
Sec. 1088. Modification of requirements for transferring aircraft within 
          the Air Force inventory.
Sec. 1089. Reestablishment of Commission to Assess the Threat to the 
          United States from Electromagnetic Pulse Attack.
Sec. 1090. Mine countermeasures master plan and report.
Sec. 1091. Congressional notification and briefing requirement on 
          ordered evacuations of United States embassies and consulates 
          involving support provided by the Department of Defense.
Sec. 1092. Interagency Hostage Recovery Coordinator.
Sec. 1093. Sense of Congress on the inadvertent transfer of anthrax from 
          the Department of Defense.
Sec. 1094. Modification of certain requirements applicable to major 
          medical facility lease for a Department of Veterans Affairs 
          outpatient clinic in Tulsa, Oklahoma.
Sec. 1095. Authorization of fiscal year 2015 major medical facility 
          projects of the Department of Veterans Affairs.
Sec. 1096. Designation of construction agent for certain construction 
          projects by Department of Veterans Affairs.
Sec. 1097. Department of Defense strategy for countering unconventional 
          warfare.

                  TITLE XI--CIVILIAN PERSONNEL MATTERS

Sec. 1101. Procedures for reduction in force of Department of Defense 
          civilian personnel.
Sec. 1102. One-year extension of temporary authority to grant 
          allowances, benefits, and gratuities to civilian personnel on 
          official duty in a combat zone.
Sec. 1103. Extension of rate of overtime pay for Department of the Navy 
          employees performing work aboard or dockside in support of the 
          nuclear-powered aircraft carrier forward deployed in Japan.
Sec. 1104. Modification to temporary authorities for certain positions 
          at Department of Defense research and engineering facilities.
Sec. 1105. Required probationary period for new employees of the 
          Department of Defense.
Sec. 1106. Delay of periodic step increase for civilian employees of the 
          Department of Defense based upon unacceptable performance.
Sec. 1107. United States Cyber Command workforce.
Sec. 1108. One-year extension of authority to waive annual limitation on 
          premium pay and aggregate limitation on pay for Federal 
          civilian employees working overseas.
Sec. 1109. Pilot program on dynamic shaping of the workforce to improve 
          the technical skills and expertise at certain Department of 
          Defense laboratories.
Sec. 1110. Pilot program on temporary exchange of financial management 
          and acquisition personnel.
Sec. 1111. Pilot program on enhanced pay authority for certain 
          acquisition and technology positions in the Department of 
          Defense.
Sec. 1112. Pilot program on direct hire authority for veteran technical 
          experts into the defense acquisition workforce.
Sec. 1113. Direct hire authority for technical experts into the defense 
          acquisition workforce.

             TITLE XII--MATTERS RELATING TO FOREIGN NATIONS

                   Subtitle A--Assistance and Training

Sec. 1201. One-year extension of logistical support for coalition forces 
          supporting certain United States military operations.
Sec. 1202. Strategic framework for Department of Defense security 
          cooperation.
Sec. 1203. Redesignation, modification, and extension of National Guard 
          State Partnership Program.
Sec. 1204. Extension of authority for non-reciprocal exchanges of 
          defense personnel between the United States and foreign 
          countries.
Sec. 1205. Monitoring and evaluation of overseas humanitarian, disaster, 
          and civic aid programs of the Department of Defense.
Sec. 1206. One-year extension of funding limitations for authority to 
          build the capacity of foreign security forces.
Sec. 1207. Authority to provide support to national military forces of 
          allied countries for counterterrorism operations in Africa.
Sec. 1208. Reports on training of foreign military intelligence units 
          provided by the Department of Defense.
Sec. 1209. Prohibition on security assistance to entities in Yemen 
          controlled by the Houthi movement.

        Subtitle B--Matters Relating to Afghanistan and Pakistan

Sec. 1211. Extension and modification of Commanders' Emergency Response 
          Program.
Sec. 1212. Extension and modification of authority for reimbursement of 
          certain coalition nations for support provided to United 
          States military operations.
Sec. 1213. Additional matter in semiannual report on enhancing security 
          and stability in Afghanistan.
Sec. 1214. Extension of authority to acquire products and services 
          produced in countries along a major route of supply to 
          Afghanistan.
Sec. 1215. Extension of authority to transfer defense articles and 
          provide defense services to the military and security forces 
          of Afghanistan.
Sec. 1216. Modification of protection for Afghan allies.

             Subtitle C--Matters Relating to Syria and Iraq

Sec. 1221. Extension of authority to support operations and activities 
          of the Office of Security Cooperation in Iraq.
Sec. 1222. Strategy for the Middle East and to counter violent 
          extremism.
Sec. 1223. Modification of authority to provide assistance to counter 
          the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant.
Sec. 1224. Reports on United States Armed Forces deployed in support of 
          Operation Inherent Resolve.
Sec. 1225. Matters relating to support for the vetted Syrian opposition.
Sec. 1226. Support to the Government of Jordan and the Government of 
          Lebanon for border security operations.
Sec. 1227. Sense of Congress on the security and protection of Iranian 
          dissidents living in Camp Liberty, Iraq.

                  Subtitle D--Matters Relating to Iran

Sec. 1231. Modification and extension of annual report on the military 
          power of Iran.
Sec. 1232. Sense of Congress on the Government of Iran's malign 
          activities.
Sec. 1233. Report on military-to-military engagements with Iran.
Sec. 1234. Security guarantees to countries in the Middle East.
Sec. 1235. Rule of construction.

         Subtitle E--Matters Relating to the Russian Federation

Sec. 1241. Notifications relating to testing, production, deployment, 
          and sale or transfer to other states or non-state actors of 
          the Club-K cruise missile system by the Russian Federation.
Sec. 1242. Notifications of deployment of nuclear weapons by Russian 
          Federation to territory of Ukrainian Republic or Russian 
          territory of Kaliningrad.
Sec. 1243. Measures in response to non-compliance by the Russian 
          Federation with its obligations under the INF Treaty.
Sec. 1244. Modification of notification and assessment of proposal to 
          modify or introduce new aircraft or sensors for flight by the 
          Russian Federation under the Open Skies Treaty.
Sec. 1245. Prohibition on availability of funds relating to sovereignty 
          of the Russian Federation over Crimea.
Sec. 1246. Limitation on military cooperation between the United States 
          and the Russian Federation.
Sec. 1247. Report on implementation of the New START Treaty.
Sec. 1248. Additional matters in annual report on military and security 
          developments involving the Russian Federation.
Sec. 1249. Report on alternative capabilities to procure and sustain 
          nonstandard rotary wing aircraft historically procured through 
          Rosoboronexport.
Sec. 1250. Ukraine Security Assistance Initiative.
Sec. 1251. Training for Eastern European national military forces in the 
          course of multilateral exercises.

         Subtitle F--Matters Relating to the Asia-Pacific Region

Sec. 1261. Strategy to promote United States interests in the Indo-Asia-
          Pacific region.
Sec. 1262. Requirement to submit Department of Defense policy regarding 
          foreign disclosure or technology release of Aegis Ashore 
          capability to Japan.
Sec. 1263. South China Sea Initiative.

                        Subtitle G--Other Matters

Sec. 1271. Two-year extension and modification of authorization for non-
          conventional assisted recovery capabilities.
Sec. 1272. Amendment to the annual report under Arms Control and 
          Disarmament Act.
Sec. 1273. Extension of authorization to conduct activities to enhance 
          the capability of foreign countries to respond to incidents 
          involving weapons of mass destruction.
Sec. 1274. Modification of authority for support of special operations 
          to combat terrorism.
Sec. 1275. Limitation on availability of funds to implement the Arms 
          Trade Treaty.
Sec. 1276. Report on the security relationship between the United States 
          and the Republic of Cyprus.
Sec. 1277. Sense of Congress on European defense and the North Atlantic 
          Treaty Organization.
Sec. 1278. Briefing on the sale of certain fighter aircraft to Qatar.
Sec. 1279. United States-Israel anti-tunnel cooperation.
Sec. 1280. NATO Special Operations Headquarters.
Sec. 1281. Increased presence of United States ground forces in Eastern 
          Europe to deter aggression on the border of the North Atlantic 
          Treaty Organization.

                TITLE XIII--COOPERATIVE THREAT REDUCTION

Sec. 1301. Specification of Cooperative Threat Reduction funds.
Sec. 1302. Funding allocations.

                     TITLE XIV--OTHER AUTHORIZATIONS

                      Subtitle A--Military Programs

Sec. 1401. Working capital funds.
Sec. 1402. National Defense Sealift Fund.
Sec. 1403. Chemical Agents and Munitions Destruction, Defense.
Sec. 1404. Drug Interdiction and Counter-Drug Activities, Defense-wide.
Sec. 1405. Defense Inspector General.
Sec. 1406. Defense Health Program.
Sec. 1407. National Sea-Based Deterrence Fund.

                 Subtitle B--National Defense Stockpile

Sec. 1411. Extension of date for completion of destruction of existing 
          stockpile of lethal chemical agents and munitions.

                    Subtitle C--Working-Capital Funds

Sec. 1421. Limitation on cessation or suspension of distribution of 
          funds from Department of Defense working-capital funds.
Sec. 1422. Working-capital fund reserve account for petroleum market 
          price fluctuations.

                        Subtitle D--Other Matters

Sec. 1431. Authority for transfer of funds to Joint Department of 
          Defense-Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Facility 
          Demonstration Fund for Captain James A. Lovell Health Care 
          Center, Illinois.
Sec. 1432. Authorization of appropriations for Armed Forces Retirement 
          Home.

   TITLE XV--AUTHORIZATION OF ADDITIONAL APPROPRIATIONS FOR OVERSEAS 
                         CONTINGENCY OPERATIONS

               Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations

Sec. 1501. Purpose and treatment of certain authorizations of 
          appropriations.
Sec. 1502. Procurement.
Sec. 1503. Research, development, test, and evaluation.
Sec. 1504. Operation and maintenance.
Sec. 1505. Military personnel.
Sec. 1506. Working capital funds.
Sec. 1507. Drug Interdiction and Counter-Drug Activities, Defense-wide.
Sec. 1508. Defense Inspector General.
Sec. 1509. Defense Health program.
Sec. 1510. Counterterrorism Partnerships Fund.

                      Subtitle B--Financial Matters

Sec. 1521. Treatment as additional authorizations.
Sec. 1522. Special transfer authority.

           Subtitle C--Limitations, Reports, and Other Matters

Sec. 1531. Afghanistan Security Forces Fund.
Sec. 1532. Joint Improvised Explosive Device Defeat Fund.
Sec. 1533. Availability of Joint Improvised Explosive Device Defeat Fund 
          for training of foreign security forces to defeat improvised 
          explosive devices.
Sec. 1534. Comptroller General report on use of certain funds provided 
          for operation and maintenance.

     TITLE XVI--STRATEGIC PROGRAMS, CYBER, AND INTELLIGENCE MATTERS

                      Subtitle A--Space Activities

Sec. 1601. Major force program and budget for national security space 
          programs.
Sec. 1602. Principal advisor on space control.
Sec. 1603. Council on Oversight of the Department of Defense 
          Positioning, Navigation, and Timing Enterprise.
Sec. 1604. Modification to development of space science and technology 
          strategy.
Sec. 1605. Delegation of authority regarding purchase of Global 
          Positioning System user equipment.
Sec. 1606. Rocket propulsion system development program.
Sec. 1607. Exception to the prohibition on contracting with Russian 
          suppliers of rocket engines for the evolved expendable launch 
          vehicle program.
Sec. 1608. Acquisition strategy for evolved expendable launch vehicle 
          program.
Sec. 1609. Allocation of funding for evolved expendable launch vehicle 
          program.
Sec. 1610. Consolidation of acquisition of wideband satellite 
          communications.
Sec. 1611. Analysis of alternatives for wide-band communications.
Sec. 1612. Expansion of goals and modification of pilot program for 
          acquisition of commercial satellite communication services.
Sec. 1613. Integrated policy to deter adversaries in space.
Sec. 1614. Prohibition on reliance on China and Russia for space-based 
          weather data.
Sec. 1615. Limitation on availability of funds for weather satellite 
          follow-on system.
Sec. 1616. Limitations on availability of funds for the Defense 
          Meteorological Satellite program.
Sec. 1617. Streamline of commercial space launch activities.
Sec. 1618. Plan on full integration and exploitation of overhead 
          persistent infrared capability.
Sec. 1619. Options for rapid space reconstitution.
Sec. 1620. Evaluation of exploitation of space-based infrared system 
          against additional threats.
Sec. 1621. Quarterly reports on Global Positioning System III space 
          segment, Global Positioning System operational control 
          segment, and Military Global Positioning System user equipment 
          acquisition programs.
Sec. 1622. Sense of Congress on missile defense sensors in space.

  Subtitle B--Defense Intelligence and Intelligence-Related Activities

Sec. 1631. Executive agent for open-source intelligence tools.
Sec. 1632. Waiver and congressional notification requirements related to 
          facilities for intelligence collection or for special 
          operations abroad.
Sec. 1633. Prohibition on National Intelligence Program consolidation.
Sec. 1634. Limitation on availability of funds for Office of the Under 
          Secretary of Defense for Intelligence.
Sec. 1635. Department of Defense intelligence needs.
Sec. 1636. Report on management of certain programs of Defense 
          intelligence elements.
Sec. 1637. Report on Air National Guard contributions to the RQ-4 Global 
          Hawk mission.
Sec. 1638. Government Accountability Office review of intelligence input 
          to the defense acquisition process.

                 Subtitle C--Cyberspace-Related Matters

Sec. 1641. Codification and addition of liability protections relating 
          to reporting on cyber incidents or penetrations of networks 
          and information systems of certain contractors.
Sec. 1642. Authorization of military cyber operations.
Sec. 1643. Limitation on availability of funds pending the submission of 
          integrated policy to deter adversaries in cyberspace.
Sec. 1644. Authorization for procurement of relocatable Sensitive 
          Compartmented Information Facility.
Sec. 1645. Designation of military department entity responsible for 
          acquisition of critical cyber capabilities.
Sec. 1646. Assessment of capabilities of United States Cyber Command to 
          defend the United States from cyber attacks.
Sec. 1647. Evaluation of cyber vulnerabilities of major weapon systems 
          of the Department of Defense.
Sec. 1648. Comprehensive plan and biennial exercises on responding to 
          cyber attacks.
Sec. 1649. Sense of Congress on reviewing and considering findings and 
          recommendations of Council of Governors on cyber capabilities 
          of the Armed Forces.

                       Subtitle D--Nuclear Forces

Sec. 1651. Assessment of threats to National Leadership Command, 
          Control, and Communications System.
Sec. 1652. Organization of nuclear deterrence functions of the Air 
          Force.
Sec. 1653. Procurement authority for certain parts of intercontinental 
          ballistic missile fuzes.
Sec. 1654. Prohibition on availability of funds for de-alerting 
          intercontinental ballistic missiles.
Sec. 1655. Assessment of global nuclear environment.
Sec. 1656. Annual briefing on the costs of forward-deploying nuclear 
          weapons in Europe.
Sec. 1657. Report on the number of planned long-range standoff weapons.
Sec. 1658. Review of Comptroller General of the United States on 
          recommendations relating to nuclear enterprise of the 
          Department of Defense.
Sec. 1659. Sense of Congress on organization of Navy for nuclear 
          deterrence mission.
Sec. 1660. Sense of Congress on the nuclear force improvement program of 
          the Air Force.
Sec. 1661. Senses of Congress on importance of cooperation and 
          collaboration between United States and United Kingdom on 
          nuclear issues and on 60th anniversary of Fleet Ballistic 
          Missile Program.
Sec. 1662. Sense of Congress on plan for implementation of Nuclear 
          Enterprise Reviews.
Sec. 1663. Sense of Congress and report on milestone A decision on long-
          range standoff weapon.
Sec. 1664. Sense of Congress on policy on the nuclear triad.
Sec. 1665. Report relating to the costs associated with extending the 
          life of the Minuteman III intercontinental ballistic missile.

         Subtitle E--Missile Defense Programs and Other Matters

Sec. 1671. Prohibitions on providing certain missile defense information 
          to Russian Federation.
Sec. 1672. Prohibition on integration of missile defense systems of 
          Russian Federation into missile defense systems of United 
          States.
Sec. 1673. Prohibition on integration of missile defense systems of 
          China into missile defense systems of United States.
Sec. 1674. Limitations on availability of funds for Patriot lower tier 
          air and missile defense capability of the Army.
Sec. 1675. Integration and interoperability of air and missile defense 
          capabilities of the United States.
Sec. 1676. Integration and interoperability of allied missile defense 
          capabilities.
Sec. 1677. Missile defense capability in Europe.
Sec. 1678. Availability of funds for Iron Dome short-range rocket 
          defense system.
Sec. 1679. Israeli cooperative missile defense program codevelopment and 
          coproduction.
Sec. 1680. Boost phase defense system.
Sec. 1681. Development and deployment of multiple-object kill vehicle 
          for missile defense of the United States homeland.
Sec. 1682. Requirement to replace capability enhancement I 
          exoatmospheric kill vehicles.
Sec. 1683. Designation of preferred location of additional missile 
          defense site in the United States and plan for expediting 
          deployment time of such site.
Sec. 1684. Additional missile defense sensor coverage for protection of 
          United States homeland.
Sec. 1685. Concept development of space-based missile defense layer.
Sec. 1686. Aegis Ashore capability development.
Sec. 1687. Development of requirements to support integrated air and 
          missile defense capabilities.
Sec. 1688. Extension of requirement for Comptroller General of the 
          United States review and assessment of missile defense 
          acquisition programs.
Sec. 1689. Report on medium range ballistic missile defense sensor 
          alternatives for enhanced defense of Hawaii.
Sec. 1690. Sense of Congress and report on validated military 
          requirement and Milestone A decision on prompt global strike 
          weapon system.

            DIVISION B--MILITARY CONSTRUCTION AUTHORIZATIONS

Sec. 2001. Short title.
Sec. 2002. Expiration of authorizations and amounts required to be 
          specified by law.
Sec. 2003. Effective date.

                  TITLE XXI--ARMY MILITARY CONSTRUCTION

Sec. 2101. Authorized Army construction and land acquisition projects.
Sec. 2102. Family housing.
Sec. 2103. Improvements to military family housing units.
Sec. 2104. Authorization of appropriations, Army.
Sec. 2105. Modification of authority to carry out certain fiscal year 
          2013 project.
Sec. 2106. Extension of authorizations of certain fiscal year 2012 
          projects.
Sec. 2107. Extension of authorizations of certain fiscal year 2013 
          projects.
Sec. 2108. Additional authority to carry out certain fiscal year 2016 
          project.

                 TITLE XXII--NAVY MILITARY CONSTRUCTION

Sec. 2201. Authorized Navy construction and land acquisition projects.
Sec. 2202. Family housing.
Sec. 2203. Improvements to military family housing units.
Sec. 2204. Authorization of appropriations, Navy.
Sec. 2205. Extension of authorizations of certain fiscal year 2012 
          projects.
Sec. 2206. Extension of authorizations of certain fiscal year 2013 
          projects.

              TITLE XXIII--AIR FORCE MILITARY CONSTRUCTION

Sec. 2301. Authorized Air Force construction and land acquisition 
          projects.
Sec. 2302. Family housing.
Sec. 2303. Improvements to military family housing units.
Sec. 2304. Authorization of appropriations, Air Force.
Sec. 2305. Modification of authority to carry out certain fiscal year 
          2010 project.
Sec. 2306. Modification of authority to carry out certain fiscal year 
          2014 project.
Sec. 2307. Modification of authority to carry out certain fiscal year 
          2015 project.
Sec. 2308. Extension of authorization of certain fiscal year 2012 
          project.
Sec. 2309. Extension of authorization of certain fiscal year 2013 
          project.
Sec. 2310. Certification of optimal location for Joint Intelligence 
          Analysis Complex and plan for rotation of forces at Lajes 
          Field, Azores.

           TITLE XXIV--DEFENSE AGENCIES MILITARY CONSTRUCTION

Sec. 2401. Authorized Defense Agencies construction and land acquisition 
          projects.
Sec. 2402. Authorized energy conservation projects.
Sec. 2403. Authorization of appropriations, Defense Agencies.
Sec. 2404. Modification of authority to carry out certain fiscal year 
          2012 project.
Sec. 2405. Extension of authorizations of certain fiscal year 2012 
          projects.
Sec. 2406. Extension of authorizations of certain fiscal year 2013 
          projects.
Sec. 2407. Modification and extension of authority to carry out certain 
          fiscal year 2014 project.
Sec. 2408. Modification of authority to carry out certain fiscal year 
          2015 project.

   TITLE XXV--NORTH ATLANTIC TREATY ORGANIZATION SECURITY INVESTMENT 
                                 PROGRAM

Sec. 2501. Authorized NATO construction and land acquisition projects.
Sec. 2502. Authorization of appropriations, NATO.

             TITLE XXVI--GUARD AND RESERVE FORCES FACILITIES

 Subtitle A--Project Authorizations and Authorization of Appropriations

Sec. 2601. Authorized Army National Guard construction and land 
          acquisition projects.
Sec. 2602. Authorized Army Reserve construction and land acquisition 
          projects.
Sec. 2603. Authorized Navy Reserve and Marine Corps Reserve construction 
          and land acquisition projects.
Sec. 2604. Authorized Air National Guard construction and land 
          acquisition projects.
Sec. 2605. Authorized Air Force Reserve construction and land 
          acquisition projects.
Sec. 2606. Authorization of appropriations, National Guard and Reserve.

                        Subtitle B--Other Matters

Sec. 2611. Modification and extension of authority to carry out certain 
          fiscal year 2013 project.
Sec. 2612. Modification of authority to carry out certain fiscal year 
          2015 projects.
Sec. 2613. Extension of authorizations of certain fiscal year 2012 
          projects.
Sec. 2614. Extension of authorizations of certain fiscal year 2013 
          projects.

          TITLE XXVII--BASE REALIGNMENT AND CLOSURE ACTIVITIES

Sec. 2701. Authorization of appropriations for base realignment and 
          closure activities funded through Department of Defense base 
          closure account.
Sec. 2702. Prohibition on conducting additional Base Realignment and 
          Closure (BRAC) round.

         TITLE XXVIII--MILITARY CONSTRUCTION GENERAL PROVISIONS

 Subtitle A--Military Construction Program and Military Family Housing 
                                 Changes

Sec. 2801. Revision of congressional notification thresholds for reserve 
          facility expenditures and contributions to reflect 
          congressional notification thresholds for minor construction 
          and repair projects.
Sec. 2802. Extension of temporary, limited authority to use operation 
          and maintenance funds for construction projects outside the 
          United States.
Sec. 2803. Defense laboratory modernization pilot program.
Sec. 2804. Temporary authority for acceptance and use of contributions 
          for certain construction, maintenance, and repair projects 
          mutually beneficial to the Department of Defense and Kuwait 
          military forces.
Sec. 2805. Conveyance to Indian tribes of relocatable military housing 
          units at military installations in the United States.

         Subtitle B--Real Property and Facilities Administration

Sec. 2811. Protection of Department of Defense installations.
Sec. 2812. Enhancement of authority to accept conditional gifts of real 
          property on behalf of military service academies.
Sec. 2813. Utility system conveyance authority.
Sec. 2814. Leasing of non-excess property of military departments and 
          Defense Agencies; treatment of value provided by local 
          education agencies and elementary and secondary schools.
Sec. 2815. Force-structure plan and infrastructure inventory and 
          assessment of infrastructure necessary to support the force 
          structure.
Sec. 2816. Temporary reporting requirements related to main operating 
          bases, forward operating sites, and cooperative security 
          locations.
Sec. 2817. Exemption of Army off-site use and off-site removal only non-
          mobile properties from certain excess property disposal 
          requirements.

   Subtitle C--Provisions Related to Asia-Pacific Military Realignment

Sec. 2821. Limited exception to restriction on development of public 
          infrastructure in connection with realignment of Marine Corps 
          forces in Asia-Pacific region.
Sec. 2822. Annual report on Government of Japan contributions toward 
          realignment of Marine Corps forces in Asia-Pacific region.

                      Subtitle D--Land Conveyances

Sec. 2831. Release of reversionary interest retained as part of 
          conveyance to the Economic Development Alliance of Jefferson 
          County, Arkansas.
Sec. 2832. Land exchange authority, Mare Island Army Reserve Center, 
          Vallejo, California.
Sec. 2833. Land exchange, Navy Outlying Landing Field, Naval Air 
          Station, Whiting Field, Florida.
Sec. 2834. Release of property interests retained in connection with 
          land conveyance, Camp Villere, Louisiana.
Sec. 2835. Release of property interests retained in connection with 
          land conveyance, Fort Bliss Military Reservation, Texas.

                  Subtitle E--Military Land Withdrawals

Sec. 2841. Additional withdrawal and reservation of public land, Naval 
          Air Weapons Station China Lake, California.

                        Subtitle F--Other Matters

Sec. 2851. Modification of Department of Defense guidance on use of 
          airfield pavement markings.
Sec. 2852. Extension of authority for establishment of commemorative 
          work in honor of Brigadier General Francis Marion.

 DIVISION C--DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY NATIONAL SECURITY AUTHORIZATIONS AND 
                          OTHER AUTHORIZATIONS

       TITLE XXXI--DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY NATIONAL SECURITY PROGRAMS

          Subtitle A--National Security Programs Authorizations

Sec. 3101. National Nuclear Security Administration.
Sec. 3102. Defense environmental cleanup.
Sec. 3103. Other defense activities.
Sec. 3104. Nuclear energy.

    Subtitle B--Program Authorizations, Restrictions, and Limitations

Sec. 3111. Improvement to accountability of Department of Energy 
          employees and projects.
Sec. 3112. Stockpile responsiveness program.
Sec. 3113. Notification of cost overruns and Selected Acquisition 
          Reports for major alteration projects.
Sec. 3114. Root cause analyses for certain cost overruns.
Sec. 3115. Funding of laboratory-directed research and development 
          programs.
Sec. 3116. Hanford Waste Treatment and Immobilization Plant contract 
          oversight.
Sec. 3117. Use of best practices for capital asset projects and nuclear 
          weapon life extension programs.
Sec. 3118. Research and development of advanced naval nuclear fuel 
          system based on low-enriched uranium.
Sec. 3119. Disposition of weapons-usable plutonium.
Sec. 3120. Establishment of microlab pilot program.
Sec. 3121. Prohibition on availability of funds for provision of defense 
          nuclear nonproliferation assistance to Russian Federation.
Sec. 3122. Prohibition on availability of funds for new fixed site 
          radiological portal monitors in foreign countries.
Sec. 3123. Limitation on availability of funds for certain arms control 
          and nonproliferation technologies.
Sec. 3124. Limitation on availability of funds for nuclear weapons 
          dismantlement.

                      Subtitle C--Plans and Reports

Sec. 3131. Long-term plan for meeting national security requirements for 
          unencumbered uranium.
Sec. 3132. Defense nuclear nonproliferation management plan and reports.
Sec. 3133. Plan for deactivation and decommissioning of nonoperational 
          defense nuclear facilities.
Sec. 3134. Assessment of emergency preparedness of defense nuclear 
          facilities.
Sec. 3135. Modifications to cost-benefit analyses for competition of 
          management and operating contracts.
Sec. 3136. Interagency review of applications for the transfer of United 
          States civil nuclear technology.
Sec. 3137. Governance and management of nuclear security enterprise.
Sec. 3138. Annual report on number of full-time equivalent employees and 
          contractor employees.
Sec. 3139. Development of strategy on risks to nonproliferation caused 
          by additive manufacturing.
Sec. 3140. Plutonium pit production capacity.
Sec. 3141. Assessments on nuclear proliferation risks and nuclear 
          nonproliferation opportunities.
Sec. 3142. Analysis of alternatives for Mobile Guardian Transporter 
          program.

          TITLE XXXII--DEFENSE NUCLEAR FACILITIES SAFETY BOARD

Sec. 3201. Authorization.
Sec. 3202. Administration of Defense Nuclear Facilities Safety Board.

                  TITLE XXXIV--NAVAL PETROLEUM RESERVES

Sec. 3401. Authorization of appropriations.

                   TITLE XXXV--MARITIME ADMINISTRATION

Sec. 3501. Authorization of the Maritime Administration.
Sec. 3502. Sense of Congress regarding Maritime Security Fleet program.
Sec. 3503. Update of references to the Secretary of Transportation 
          regarding unemployment insurance and vessel operators.
Sec. 3504. Payment for Maritime Security Fleet vessels.
Sec. 3505. Melville Hall of United States Merchant Marine Academy.
Sec. 3506. Cadet commitment agreements.
Sec. 3507. Student incentive payment agreements.
Sec. 3508. Short sea transportation defined.

                       DIVISION D--FUNDING TABLES

Sec. 4001. Authorization of amounts in funding tables.
Sec. 4002. Clarification of applicability of undistributed reductions of 
          certain operation and maintenance funding among all operation 
          and maintenance funding.

                         TITLE XLI--PROCUREMENT

Sec. 4101. Procurement.
Sec. 4102. Procurement for overseas contingency operations.

         TITLE XLII--RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT, TEST, AND EVALUATION

Sec. 4201. Research, development, test, and evaluation.
Sec. 4202. Research, development, test, and evaluation for overseas 
          contingency operations.

                 TITLE XLIII--OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE

Sec. 4301. Operation and maintenance.
Sec. 4302. Operation and maintenance for overseas contingency 
          operations.
Sec. 4303. Operation and maintenance base requirements.

                     TITLE XLIV--MILITARY PERSONNEL

Sec. 4401. Military personnel.
Sec. 4402. Military personnel for overseas contingency operations.

                     TITLE XLV--OTHER AUTHORIZATIONS

Sec. 4501. Other authorizations.
Sec. 4502. Other authorizations for overseas contingency operations.

                    TITLE XLVI--MILITARY CONSTRUCTION

Sec. 4601. Military construction.

      TITLE XLVII--DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY NATIONAL SECURITY PROGRAMS

Sec. 4701. Department of Energy national security programs.

SEC. 3. CONGRESSIONAL DEFENSE COMMITTEES.

    In this Act, the term ``congressional defense committees'' 
has the meaning given that term in section 101(a)(16) of title 
10, United States Code.

SEC. 4. BUDGETARY EFFECTS OF THIS ACT.

    The budgetary effects of this Act, for the purposes of 
complying with the Statutory Pay-As-You-Go Act of 2010, shall 
be determined by reference to the latest statement titled 
``Budgetary Effects of PAYGO Legislation'' for this Act, 
jointly submitted for printing in the Congressional Record by 
the Chairmen of the House and Senate Budget Committees, 
provided that such statement has been submitted prior to the 
vote on passage in the House acting first on the conference 
report or amendment between the Houses.

            DIVISION A--DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE AUTHORIZATIONS

                          TITLE I--PROCUREMENT

               Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations

Sec. 101. Authorization of appropriations.

                        Subtitle B--Army Programs

Sec. 111. Prioritization of upgraded UH-60 Blackhawk helicopters within 
          Army National Guard.
Sec. 112. Roadmap for replacement of A/MH-6 Mission Enhanced Little Bird 
          aircraft to meet special operations requirements.
Sec. 113. Report on options to accelerate replacement of UH-60A 
          Blackhawk helicopters of Army National Guard.
Sec. 114. Sense of Congress on tactical wheeled vehicle protection kits.

                        Subtitle C--Navy Programs

Sec. 121. Modification of CVN-78 class aircraft carrier program.
Sec. 122. Amendment to cost limitation baseline for CVN-78 class 
          aircraft carrier program.
Sec. 123. Extension and modification of limitation on availability of 
          funds for Littoral Combat Ship.
Sec. 124. Modification to multiyear procurement authority for Arleigh 
          Burke class destroyers and associated systems.
Sec. 125. Procurement of additional Arleigh Burke class destroyer.
Sec. 126. Refueling and complex overhaul of the U.S.S. George 
          Washington.
Sec. 127. Fleet Replenishment Oiler Program.
Sec. 128. Limitation on availability of funds for U.S.S. John F. Kennedy 
          (CVN-79).
Sec. 129. Limitation on availability of funds for U.S.S. Enterprise 
          (CVN-80).
Sec. 130. Limitation on availability of funds for Littoral Combat Ship.
Sec. 131. Reporting requirement for Ohio-class replacement submarine 
          program.

                     Subtitle D--Air Force Programs

Sec. 141. Backup inventory status of A-10 aircraft.
Sec. 142. Prohibition on availability of funds for retirement of A-10 
          aircraft.
Sec. 143. Prohibition on availability of funds for retirement of EC-130H 
          Compass Call aircraft.
Sec. 144. Prohibition on availability of funds for retirement of Joint 
          Surveillance Target Attack Radar System, EC-130H Compass Call, 
          and Airborne Warning and Control System aircraft.
Sec. 145. Limitation on availability of funds for F-35A aircraft 
          procurement.
Sec. 146. Prohibition on availability of funds for retirement of KC-10 
          aircraft.
Sec. 147. Limitation on availability of funds for transfer of C-130 
          aircraft.
Sec. 148. Limitation on availability of funds for executive 
          communications upgrades for C-20 and C-37 aircraft.
Sec. 149. Limitation on availability of funds for T-1A Jayhawk aircraft.
Sec. 150. Notification of retirement of B-1, B-2, and B-52 bomber 
          aircraft.
Sec. 151. Inventory requirement for fighter aircraft of the Air Force.
Sec. 152. Sense of Congress regarding the OCONUS basing of F-35A 
          aircraft.

        Subtitle E--Defense-wide, Joint, and Multiservice Matters

Sec. 161. Limitation on availability of funds for Joint Battle Command-
          Platform.
Sec. 162. Report on Army and Marine Corps modernization plan for small 
          arms.
Sec. 163. Study on use of different types of enhanced 5.56mm ammunition 
          by the Army and the Marine Corps.

              Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations

SEC. 101. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

    Funds are hereby authorized to be appropriated for fiscal 
year 2016 for procurement for the Army, the Navy and the Marine 
Corps, the Air Force, and Defense-wide activities, as specified 
in the funding table in section 4101.

                       Subtitle B--Army Programs

SEC. 111. PRIORITIZATION OF UPGRADED UH-60 BLACKHAWK HELICOPTERS WITHIN 
                    ARMY NATIONAL GUARD.

    (a) Prioritization of Upgrades.--Not later than 180 days 
after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Chief of the 
National Guard Bureau shall issue guidance regarding the 
fielding of upgraded UH-60 Blackhawk helicopters to units of 
the Army National Guard. Such guidance shall prioritize for 
such fielding the units of the Army National Guard with 
assigned UH-60 helicopters that have the most flight hours and 
the highest annual usage rates within the UH-60 fleet of the 
Army National Guard, consistent with the force generation unit 
readiness requirements of the Army.
    (b) Report.--Not later than 30 days after the date on which 
the Chief of the National Guard Bureau issues the guidance 
under subsection (a), the Chief shall submit to the 
congressional defense committees a report that details such 
guidance.

SEC. 112. ROADMAP FOR REPLACEMENT OF A/MH-6 MISSION ENHANCED LITTLE 
                    BIRD AIRCRAFT TO MEET SPECIAL OPERATIONS 
                    REQUIREMENTS.

    (a) Roadmap.--Not later than 90 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to 
the congressional defense committees a roadmap for replacing A/
MH-6 Mission Enhanced Little Bird aircraft to meet the rotary-
wing, light attack, reconnaissance requirements particular to 
special operations.
    (b) Elements.--The roadmap under subsection (a) shall 
include the following:
            (1) An updated schedule and display of programmed 
        A/MH-6 Block 3.0 modernization and upgrades, showing 
        usable life of the fleet, and the anticipated service 
        life extensions of all A/MH-6 platforms.
            (2) A description of current and anticipated 
        rotary-wing, light attack, reconnaissance requirements 
        and platforms particular to special operations, 
        including key performance parameters of anticipated 
        platforms.
            (3) The feasibility of service-common platforms 
        satisfying future rotary-wing, light attack, 
        reconnaissance requirements particular to special 
        operations.
            (4) The feasibility of commercially available 
        platforms satisfying future rotary-wing, light attack, 
        reconnaissance requirements particular to special 
        operations.
            (5) The anticipated funding requirements for the 
        special operation forces major force program for the 
        development and procurement of an A/MH-6 replacement 
        platform if the service-common platforms described in 
        paragraph (3) are not available or if commercially 
        available platforms described in paragraph (4) are 
        leveraged.
            (6) A description of efforts as of the date of the 
        roadmap to coordinate with the military departments on 
        a service-common platform to satisfy replacement 
        platform requirements.
            (7) Any other matters the Secretary considers 
        appropriate.

SEC. 113. REPORT ON OPTIONS TO ACCELERATE REPLACEMENT OF UH-60A 
                    BLACKHAWK HELICOPTERS OF ARMY NATIONAL GUARD.

    Not later than March 1, 2016, the Secretary of the Army 
shall submit to the congressional defense committees a report 
containing detailed options for the potential acceleration of 
the replacement of all UH-60A helicopters of the Army National 
Guard by not later than September 30, 2020. The report shall 
include the following:
            (1) The additional funding and quantities required, 
        listed by each of fiscal years 2017 through 2020, for 
        H-60M production, UH-60A-to-L RECAP, and UH-60L-to-V 
        RECAP that is necessary to achieve such replacement of 
        all UH-60A helicopters by September 30, 2020.
            (2) Any industrial base limitations that may affect 
        such acceleration, including with respect to the 
        production schedules for the other variants of the UH-
        60 helicopter.
            (3) The potential effects of such acceleration on 
        the planned replacement of all UH-60A helicopters of 
        the regular components of the Armed Forces by September 
        30, 2025.
            (4) Identification of any additional funding or 
        resources required to train members of the National 
        Guard to operate and maintain UH-60M aircraft in order 
        to achieve such replacement of all UH-60A helicopters 
        by September 30, 2020.
            (5) Any other matters the Secretary determines 
        appropriate.

SEC. 114. SENSE OF CONGRESS ON TACTICAL WHEELED VEHICLE PROTECTION 
                    KITS.

    It is the sense of Congress that--
            (1) members of the Army face an increasingly 
        complex and evolving threat environment that requires 
        advanced and effective technology to protect soldiers 
        while allowing the soldiers to effectively carry out 
        the mission of the Army;
            (2) the heavy tactical vehicle protection kits 
        program provides the Army with improved and necessary 
        ballistic protection for the heavy tactical vehicle 
        fleet;
            (3) a secure heavy tactical vehicle fleet provides 
        the Army with greater logistical tractability and 
        offers soldiers the necessary flexibility to tailor 
        armor levels based on threat levels and mission 
        requirements; and
            (4) as Congress provides for a modern and secure 
        Army, it is necessary to provide the appropriate 
        funding levels to meet the tactical wheeled vehicle 
        protection kits acquisition objectives of the Army.

                       Subtitle C--Navy Programs

SEC. 121. MODIFICATION OF CVN-78 CLASS AIRCRAFT CARRIER PROGRAM.

    (a) Reports on Design and Engineering Changes.--Subsection 
(f) of section 122 of the John Warner National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2007 (Public Law 109-364; 120 
Stat. 2104), as added by section 121(c) of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014 (Public Law 113-66; 127 
Stat. 692), is amended by adding at the end the following new 
paragraph:
            ``(3) CVN-78 class aircraft carriers change 
        orders.--
                    ``(A) As part of each report required under 
                paragraph (1), the Secretary shall include a 
                description of new design and engineering 
                changes to CVN-78 class aircraft carriers if 
                applicable.
                    ``(B) The additional reporting requirement 
                in subparagraph (A) shall include, with respect 
                to CVN-78 class aircraft carriers in each 
                reporting period--
                            ``(i) any design or engineering 
                        change with an associated cost greater 
                        than $5,000,000;
                            ``(ii) any program or ship cost 
                        increases for each design or 
                        engineering change identified in 
                        subparagraph (A); and
                            ``(iii) any cost reduction 
                        achieved.
                    ``(C) The Secretary and the Chief of Naval 
                Operations, without delegation, shall jointly 
                certify the design and engineering changes 
                included in each report under paragraph (1), as 
                required by subparagraph (A) of this paragraph. 
                Each certification shall include a 
                determination that each such change--
                            ``(i) serves the national security 
                        interests of the United States; and
                            ``(ii) cannot be deferred to a 
                        future ship because of operational 
                        necessity, safety, or substantial cost 
                        reduction that still meets threshold 
                        requirements.''.
    (b) Conforming Amendments.--Such subsection is further 
amended--
            (1) by striking the heading and inserting the 
        following new heading: ``Requirements for CVN-78 Class 
        Aircraft Carriers''; and
            (2) in paragraph (1), by striking the heading and 
        inserting the following new heading: ``CVN-79 quarterly 
        cost estimate''.

SEC. 122. AMENDMENT TO COST LIMITATION BASELINE FOR CVN-78 CLASS 
                    AIRCRAFT CARRIER PROGRAM.

    (a) Cost Limitation.--Section 122(a)(2) of the John Warner 
National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2007 (Public 
Law 109-364; 120 Stat. 2104), as amended by section 121(a) of 
the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014 
(Public Law 113-66; 127 Stat. 691), is further amended by 
striking ``$11,498,000,000'' and inserting ``$11,398,000,000''.
    (b) Factor for Adjustment.--Subsection (b) of such section 
122, as amended by section 121(b)(1) of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014, is amended by adding at 
the end the following new paragraph:
            ``(8) With respect to the aircraft carrier 
        designated as CVN-79, the amounts of increases not 
        exceeding $100,000,000 if the Chief of Naval Operations 
        determines that achieving the amount set forth in 
        subsection (a)(2) (as amended by section 122(a) of the 
        National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
        2016) would result in unacceptable reductions to the 
        operational capability of the ship.''.

SEC. 123. EXTENSION AND MODIFICATION OF LIMITATION ON AVAILABILITY OF 
                    FUNDS FOR LITTORAL COMBAT SHIP.

    Section 124(a) of the National Defense Authorization Act 
for Fiscal Year 2014 (Public Law 113-66; 127 Stat. 693), as 
amended by section 123 of the Carl Levin and Howard P. ``Buck'' 
McKeon National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2015 
(Public Law 113-291; 128 Stat. 3314), is further amended--
            (1) by striking ``this Act, the Carl Levin and 
        Howard P. `Buck' McKeon National Defense Authorization 
        Act for Fiscal Year 2015, or otherwise made available 
        for fiscal years 2014 or 2015'' and inserting ``this 
        Act, the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
        Year 2016, or otherwise made available for fiscal years 
        2014, 2015, or 2016''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following new 
        paragraphs:
            ``(6) A Littoral Combat Ship seaframe acquisition 
        strategy for the Littoral Combat Ships designated as 
        LCS 25 through LCS 32, including upgrades to be 
        installed on these ships that were identified for the 
        upgraded Littoral Combat Ship, which is proposed to 
        commence with LCS 33.
            ``(7) A Littoral Combat Ship mission module 
        acquisition strategy to reach the total acquisition 
        quantity of each mission module.
            ``(8) A cost and schedule plan to outfit Flight 0 
        and Flight 0+ Littoral Combat Ships with capabilities 
        identified for the upgraded Littoral Combat Ship.
            ``(9) A current Test and Evaluation Master Plan for 
        the Littoral Combat Ship Mission Modules, approved by 
        the Director of Operational Test and Evaluation, which 
        includes the performance levels expected to be 
        demonstrated during developmental testing for each 
        component and mission module prior to commencing the 
        associated operational test phase.''.

SEC. 124. MODIFICATION TO MULTIYEAR PROCUREMENT AUTHORITY FOR ARLEIGH 
                    BURKE CLASS DESTROYERS AND ASSOCIATED SYSTEMS.

    Section 123(a) of the National Defense Authorization Act 
for Fiscal Year 2013 (Public Law 112-239; 126 Stat. 1655) is 
amended by inserting ``or Flight III'' after ``Flight IIA''.

SEC. 125. PROCUREMENT OF ADDITIONAL ARLEIGH BURKE CLASS DESTROYER.

    (a) Procurement Authority.--
            (1) Additional destroyer.--The Secretary of the 
        Navy may procure one Arleigh Burke class destroyer, in 
        addition to any other procurement of such ships 
        otherwise authorized by law, to be procured either--
                    (A) as an addition to the contract covering 
                the 10 Arleigh Burke class destroyers 
                authorized to be procured under section 123 of 
                the National Defense Authorization Act for 
                Fiscal Year 2013 (Public Law 112-239; 126 Stat. 
                1655); or
                    (B) under a separate contract in fiscal 
                year 2018.
            (2) Incremental funding.--The Secretary may employ 
        incremental funding for the procurement authorized 
        under paragraph (1).
    (b) Condition on Out-year Contract Payments.--A contract 
entered into under subsection (a) shall provide that any 
obligation of the United States to make a payment under such 
contract for any fiscal year after fiscal year 2016 is subject 
to the availability of appropriations for that purpose for such 
fiscal year.

SEC. 126. REFUELING AND COMPLEX OVERHAUL OF THE U.S.S. GEORGE 
                    WASHINGTON.

    (a) Refueling and Complex Overhaul.--The Secretary of the 
Navy may carry out the nuclear refueling and complex overhaul 
of the U.S.S. George Washington (CVN-73).
    (b) Use of Incremental Funding.--With respect to any 
contract entered into under subsection (a) for the nuclear 
refueling and complex overhaul of the U.S.S. George Washington, 
the Secretary may use incremental funding for a period not to 
exceed six years after advance procurement funds for such 
nuclear refueling and complex overhaul effort are first 
obligated.
    (c) Condition for Out-year Contract Payments.--Any contract 
entered into under subsection (a) shall provide that any 
obligation of the United States to make a payment under the 
contract for a fiscal year after fiscal year 2016 is subject to 
the availability of appropriations for that purpose for that 
later fiscal year.

SEC. 127. FLEET REPLENISHMENT OILER PROGRAM.

    (a) Contract Authority.--The Secretary of the Navy may 
enter into one or more contracts to procure up to six Fleet 
Replenishment Oilers. Such procurements may also include 
advance procurement for economic order quantity and long lead 
time materials, beginning with the lead ship, commencing not 
earlier than fiscal year 2016.
    (b) Liability.--Any contract entered into under subsection 
(a) shall provide that any obligation of the United States to 
make a payment under the contract is subject to the 
availability of appropriations for that purpose, and that total 
liability to the Government for termination of any contract 
entered into shall be limited to the total amount of funding 
obligated at the time of termination.

SEC. 128. LIMITATION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR U.S.S. JOHN F. 
                    KENNEDY (CVN-79).

    (a) Limitation.--Of the funds authorized to be appropriated 
by this Act or otherwise made available for fiscal year 2016 
for procurement for the U.S.S. John F. Kennedy (CVN-79), 
$100,000,000 may not be obligated or expended until the date on 
which the Secretary of the Navy submits to the congressional 
defense committees the certification under subsection (b)(1) or 
the notification under paragraph (2) of such subsection, as the 
case may be, and the reports under subsections (c) and (d).
    (b) Certification Regarding Full Ship Shock Trials.--
            (1) In general.--Except as provided by paragraph 
        (2), not later than 90 days after the date of the 
        enactment of this Act, the Secretary of the Navy shall 
        submit to the congressional defense committees a 
        certification that the Navy will conduct full ship 
        shock trials on the U.S.S. Gerald R. Ford (CVN-78) 
        prior to the first deployment of such ship.
            (2) Waiver.--The Secretary of Defense may waive the 
        certification required under paragraph (1) if the 
        Secretary submits to the congressional defense 
        committees a notification of such waiver, including--
                    (A) the rationale of the Secretary for 
                issuing such waiver;
                    (B) a certification that the Secretary has 
                analyzed and accepts the operational risk of 
                the U.S.S. Gerald R. Ford deploying without 
                having conducted full ship shock trials; and
                    (C) a certification that full ship shock 
                trials will be completed on the U.S.S. Gerald 
                R. Ford after the first deployment of such ship 
                and prior to the first major maintenance 
                availability of such ship.
    (c) Report on Costs Relating to CVN-79 and CVN-80.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than 90 days after the 
        date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of the 
        Navy shall submit to the congressional defense 
        committees a report that evaluates cost issues related 
        to the U.S.S. John F. Kennedy (CVN-79) and the U.S.S. 
        Enterprise (CVN-80).
            (2) Elements.--The report under paragraph (1) shall 
        include the following:
                    (A) Options to achieve ship end cost of no 
                more than $10,000,000,000.
                    (B) Options to freeze the design of CVN-79 
                for CVN-80, with exceptions only for changes 
                due to full ship shock trials or other 
                significant test and evaluation results.
                    (C) Options to reduce the plans cost for 
                CVN-80 to less than 50 percent of the CVN-79 
                plans cost.
                    (D) Options to transition all non-nuclear 
                Government-furnished equipment, including 
                launch and arresting equipment, to contractor-
                furnished equipment.
                    (E) Options to build the ships at the most 
                economic pace, such as four years between 
                ships.
                    (F) A business case analysis for the 
                Enterprise Air Search Radar modification to 
                CVN-79 and CVN-80.
                    (G) A business case analysis for the two-
                phase CVN-79 delivery proposal and impact on 
                fleet deployments.
    (d) Report on Future Development.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than April 1, 2016, the 
        Secretary of the Navy shall submit to the congressional 
        defense committees a report on potential requirements, 
        capabilities, and alternatives for the future 
        development of aircraft carriers that would replace or 
        supplement the CVN-78 class aircraft carrier.
            (2) Elements.--The report under paragraph (1) shall 
        include the following:
                    (A) A description of fleet, sea-based 
                tactical aviation capability requirements for a 
                range of operational scenarios beginning in the 
                2025 timeframe.
                    (B) A description of alternative aircraft 
                carrier designs that meet the requirements 
                described under subparagraph (A).
                    (C) A description of nuclear and non-
                nuclear propulsion options.
                    (D) A description of tonnage options 
                ranging from less than 20,000 tons to greater 
                than 100,000 tons.
                    (E) Requirements for unmanned systems 
                integration from inception.
                    (F) Developmental, procurement, and 
                lifecycle cost assessment of alternatives.
                    (G) A notional acquisition strategy for the 
                development and construction of alternatives.
                    (H) A description of shipbuilding 
                industrial base considerations and a plan to 
                ensure opportunity for competition among 
                alternatives.
                    (I) A description of funding and timing 
                considerations related to developing the Annual 
                Long-Range Plan for Construction of Naval 
                Vessels required under section 231 of title 10, 
                United States Code.

SEC. 129. LIMITATION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR U.S.S. ENTERPRISE 
                    (CVN-80).

    (a) Limitation.--Of the funds authorized to be appropriated 
by this Act or otherwise made available for fiscal year 2016 
for advance procurement for the U.S.S. Enterprise (CVN-80), 
$191,400,000 may not be obligated or expended until the date on 
which the Secretary of the Navy submits to the congressional 
defense committees the certification under subsection (b) and 
the report under subsection (c).
    (b) Certification Regarding CVN-80 Design.--Not later than 
90 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the 
Secretary of the Navy shall submit to the congressional defense 
committees a certification that the design of the U.S.S. 
Enterprise (CVN-80) will repeat the design of CVN-79, with 
modifications only for significant test and evaluation results 
or significant cost reduction initiatives that still meet 
threshold requirements.
    (c) Report.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than 90 days after the 
        date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of the 
        Navy shall submit to the congressional defense 
        committees a report that details the costs of the plans 
        related to the U.S.S. Enterprise (CVN-80).
            (2) Elements.--The report under paragraph (1) shall 
        include the following elements, reported by total cost 
        and cost by fiscal year, with a detailed description 
        and a justification for why each cost is recurring and 
        attributable to the U.S.S. Enterprise (CVN-80):
                    (A) Overall plans.
                    (B) Propulsion plant detail design.
                    (C) Platform detail design.
                    (D) Lead yard services and hull planning 
                yard.
                    (E) Platform detail design (Steam and 
                Electric Plant Planning Yard).
                    (F) Other.

SEC. 130. LIMITATION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR LITTORAL COMBAT SHIP.

    Of the funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act or 
otherwise made available for fiscal year 2016 for research and 
development, design, construction, procurement, or advanced 
procurement of materials for the Littoral Combat Ships 
designated as LCS 33 or subsequent, not more than 50 percent 
may be obligated or expended until Secretary of the Navy 
submits to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and 
the House of Representatives each of the following:
            (1) A capabilities based assessment, or equivalent 
        report, to assess capability gaps and associated 
        capability requirements and risks for the upgraded 
        Littoral Combat Ship, which is proposed to commence 
        with LCS 33. Such assessment shall conform with the 
        Joint Capabilities Integration and Development System, 
        including Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff 
        Instruction 3170.01H.
            (2) A certification that the Joint Requirements 
        Oversight Council has validated an updated Capabilities 
        Development Document for the upgraded Littoral Combat 
        Ship.
            (3) A report describing the upgraded Littoral 
        Combat Ship modernization, which shall, at a minimum, 
        include the following elements:
                    (A) A description of capabilities that the 
                Littoral Combat Ship program delivers, and a 
                description of how these relate to the 
                characteristics of the future joint force 
                identified in the Capstone Concept for Joint 
                Operations, concept of operations, and 
                integrated architecture documents.
                    (B) A summary of analyses and studies 
                conducted on Littoral Combat Ship 
                modernization.
                    (C) A concept of operations for Littoral 
                Combat Ship at the operational level and 
                tactical level describing how they integrate 
                and synchronize with joint and combined forces 
                to achieve the Joint Force Commander's intent.
                    (D) A description of threat systems of 
                potential adversaries that are projected or 
                assessed to reach initial operational 
                capability within 15 years against which the 
                lethality and survivability of the Littoral 
                Combat Ship should be determined.
                    (E) A plan and timeline for Littoral Combat 
                Ship modernization program execution.
                    (F) A description of system capabilities 
                required for Littoral Combat Ship 
                modernization, including key performance 
                parameters and key system attributes.
                    (G) A plan for family of systems or systems 
                of systems synchronization.
                    (H) A plan for information technology and 
                national security systems supportability.
                    (I) A plan for intelligence supportability.
                    (J) A plan for electromagnetic 
                environmental effects and spectrum 
                supportability.
                    (K) A description of assets required to 
                achieve initial operational capability of a 
                Littoral Combat Ship modernization increment.
                    (L) A schedule and initial operational 
                capability and full operational capability 
                definitions.
                    (M) A description of doctrine, 
                organization, training, materiel, leadership, 
                education, personnel, facilities, and policy 
                considerations.
                    (N) A description of other system 
                attributes.
            (4) A plan for future periodic combat systems 
        upgrades, which are necessary to ensure relevant 
        capability throughout the Littoral Combat Ship or 
        Frigate class service lives, using the process 
        described in paragraph (3).

SEC. 131. REPORTING REQUIREMENT FOR OHIO-CLASS REPLACEMENT SUBMARINE 
                    PROGRAM.

    If the budget of the President submitted to Congress under 
section 1105(a) of title 31, United States Code, for a fiscal 
year includes a request for funds for the Ohio-class 
replacement submarine program, the Secretary of Defense shall 
include in the budget justification materials submitted to 
Congress in support of the Department of Defense budget for 
such fiscal year a report that includes the following elements 
regarding such program (described in terms of both fiscal year 
2010 dollars and current fiscal year dollars as of the date of 
the report):
            (1) Lead ship end cost (with plans).
            (2) Lead ship end cost (less plans).
            (3) Lead ship non-recurring engineering cost.
            (4) Average follow-on ship cost.
            (5) Average operations and sustainment cost per 
        hull per year.
            (6) The average follow-on ship affordability target 
        as determined by the Under Secretary of Defense for 
        Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics.
            (7) The operations and sustainment cost per hull 
        per year affordability target as determined by the 
        Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, Technology, 
        and Logistics.

                     Subtitle D--Air Force Programs

SEC. 141. BACKUP INVENTORY STATUS OF A-10 AIRCRAFT.

    (a) Maximum Number.--In carrying out section 133(b)(2)(A) 
of the Carl Levin and Howard P. ``Buck'' McKeon National 
Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2015 (Public Law 113-
291; 128 Stat. 3316), the Secretary of the Air Force may not 
move more than 18 A-10 aircraft in the active component to 
backup flying status pursuant to an authorization made by the 
Secretary of Defense under such section.
    (b) Conforming Amendment.--Such section 133(b)(2)(A) is 
amended by striking ``36'' and inserting ``18''.

SEC. 142. PROHIBITION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR RETIREMENT OF A-10 
                    AIRCRAFT.

    (a) Prohibition on Availability of Funds for Retirement.--
Except as provided by section 141, none of the funds authorized 
to be appropriated by this Act or otherwise made available for 
fiscal year 2016 for the Air Force may be obligated or expended 
to retire, prepare to retire, or place in storage or on backup 
aircraft inventory status any A-10 aircraft.
    (b) Additional Limitations on Retirement.--
            (1) In general.--Except as provided by section 141, 
        and in addition to the limitation in subsection (a), 
        during the period before December 31, 2016, the 
        Secretary of the Air Force may not retire, prepare to 
        retire, or place in storage or on backup flying status 
        any A-10 aircraft.
            (2) Minimum inventory requirement.--The Secretary 
        of the Air Force shall ensure the Air Force maintains a 
        minimum of 171 A-10 aircraft designated as primary 
        mission aircraft inventory.
    (c) Prohibition on Availability of Funds for Significant 
Reductions in Manning Levels.--None of the funds authorized to 
be appropriated by this Act or otherwise made available for 
fiscal year 2016 for the Air Force may be obligated or expended 
to make significant reductions to manning levels with respect 
to any A-10 aircraft squadrons or divisions.
    (d) Additional Limitation on Significant Reductions in 
Manning Levels.--In addition to the limitation in subsection 
(c), during the period before December 31, 2016, the Secretary 
of the Air Force may not make significant reductions to manning 
levels with respect to any A-10 aircraft squadrons or 
divisions.
    (e) Study on Replacement Capability Requirements or Mission 
Platform for the A-10 Aircraft.--
            (1) Independent assessment required.--
                    (A) In general.--The Secretary of the Air 
                Force shall commission an appropriate entity 
                outside the Department of Defense to conduct an 
                assessment of the required capabilities or 
                mission platform to replace the A-10 aircraft. 
                This assessment would represent preparatory 
                work to inform an analysis of alternatives.
                    (B) Elements.--The assessment required 
                under subparagraph (A) shall include each of 
                the following:
                            (i) Future needs analysis for the 
                        current A-10 aircraft mission set to 
                        include troops-in-contact/close air 
                        support, air interdiction, strike 
                        control and reconnaissance, and combat 
                        search and rescue support in both 
                        contested and uncontested battle 
                        environments. At a minimum, the needs 
                        analysis should specifically address 
                        the following areas:
                                    (I) The ability to safely 
                                and effectively conduct troops-
                                in-contact/danger close 
                                missions or missions in close 
                                proximity to civilians in the 
                                presence of the air defenses 
                                found with enemy ground 
                                maneuver units.
                                    (II) The ability to 
                                effectively target and destroy 
                                moving, camouflaged, or dug-in 
                                troops, artillery, armor, and 
                                armored personnel carriers.
                                    (III) The ability to 
                                engage, target, and destroy 
                                tanks and armored personnel 
                                carriers, including with 
                                respect to the carrying 
                                capacity of armor-piercing 
                                weaponry, including mounted 
                                cannons and missiles.
                                    (IV) The ability to remain 
                                within visual range of friendly 
                                forces and targets to 
                                facilitate responsiveness to 
                                ground forces and minimize re-
                                attack times.
                                    (V) The ability to safely 
                                conduct close air support 
                                beneath low cloud ceilings and 
                                in reduced visibilities at low 
                                airspeeds in the presence of 
                                the air defenses found with 
                                enemy ground maneuver units.
                                    (VI) The capability to 
                                enable the pilot and aircraft 
                                to survive attacks stemming 
                                from small arms, machine guns, 
                                man-portable air-defense 
                                systems, and lower caliber 
                                anti-aircraft artillery organic 
                                or attached to enemy ground 
                                forces and maneuver units.
                                    (VII) The ability to 
                                communicate effectively with 
                                ground forces and downed 
                                pilots, including in 
                                communications jamming or 
                                satellite-denied environments.
                                    (VIII) The ability to 
                                execute the missions described 
                                in subclauses (I), (II), (III), 
                                and (IV) in a GPS- or 
                                satellite-denied environment 
                                with or without sensors.
                                    (IX) The ability to deliver 
                                multiple lethal firing passes 
                                and sustain long loiter 
                                endurance to support friendly 
                                forces throughout extended 
                                ground engagements.
                                    (X) The ability to operate 
                                from unprepared dirt, grass, 
                                and narrow road runways and to 
                                generate high sortie rates 
                                under these austere conditions.
                            (ii) Identification and assessment 
                        of gaps in the ability of existing and 
                        programmed mission platforms in 
                        providing required capabilities to 
                        conduct missions specified in clause 
                        (i) in both contested and uncontested 
                        battle environments.
                            (iii) Assessment of operational 
                        effectiveness of existing and 
                        programmed mission platforms to conduct 
                        missions specified in clause (i) in 
                        both contested and uncontested battle 
                        environments.
                            (iv) Assessment of probability of 
                        likelihood of conducting missions 
                        requiring troops-in-contact/close air 
                        support operations specified in clause 
                        (i) in contested environments as 
                        compared to uncontested environments.
                            (v) Any other matters the 
                        independent entity or the Secretary of 
                        the Air Force determines to be 
                        appropriate.
            (2) Report.--
                    (A) In general.--Not later than September 
                30, 2016, the Secretary of the Air Force shall 
                submit to the congressional defense committees 
                a report that includes the assessment required 
                under paragraph (1).
                    (B) Form.--The report required under 
                subparagraph (A) may be submitted in classified 
                form, but shall also contain an unclassified 
                executive summary and may contain an 
                unclassified annex.
            (3) Nonduplication of effort.--If any information 
        required under paragraph (1) has been included in 
        another report or notification previously submitted to 
        the congressional defense committees by law, the 
        Secretary of the Air Force may provide a list of such 
        reports and notifications at the time of submitting the 
        report required under paragraph (2) instead of 
        including such information in such report.

SEC. 143. PROHIBITION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR RETIREMENT OF EC-
                    130H COMPASS CALL AIRCRAFT.

    (a) Prohibition on Availability of Funds for Retirement.--
None of the funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act or 
otherwise made available for fiscal year 2016 for the Air Force 
may be obligated or expended to retire, prepare to retire, or 
place in storage or on backup aircraft inventory status any EC-
130H Compass Call aircraft.
    (b) Additional Prohibition on Retirement.--In addition to 
the prohibition in subsection (a), during the period preceding 
December 31, 2016, the Secretary of the Air Force may not 
retire, prepare to retire, or place in storage or on backup 
flying status any EC-130H Compass Call aircraft.
    (c) Report on Retirement of EC-130H Compass Call 
Aircraft.--Not later than September 30, 2016, the Secretary of 
the Air Force shall submit to the congressional defense 
committees a report that includes, at a minimum, the following:
            (1) The rationale for the retirement of existing 
        EC-130H Compass Call aircraft, including an operational 
        analysis of the impact of such retirements on the 
        warfighting requirements of the combatant commanders.
            (2) Future needs analysis for the current EC-130H 
        Compass Call aircraft electronic warfare mission set to 
        include suppression of sophisticated enemy air defense 
        systems, advanced radar jamming, avoiding radar 
        detection, communications, sensing, satellite 
        navigation, command and control, and battlefield 
        awareness.
            (3) A review of operating concepts for airborne 
        electronic attack.
            (4) An assessment of upgrades to the electronic 
        warfare systems of EC-130H Compass Call aircraft, the 
        costs of such upgrades, and expected upgrades through 
        2025, and the expected service life of EC-130H Compass 
        Call aircraft.
            (5) A review of the global proliferation of more 
        sophisticated air defenses and advanced commercial 
        digital electronic devices which counter the airborne 
        electronic attack capabilities of the United States by 
        state and non-state actors.
            (6) An assessment of the ability of the current EC-
        130H Compass Call fleet to meet tasking requirements of 
        the combatant commanders.
            (7) A plan for how the Air Force will recapitalize 
        the capability requirement of the EC-130H Compass Call 
        mission in the future, whether through a replacement 
        program or by integrating such capabilities onto an 
        existing platform.
            (8) If the plan under paragraph (7) includes 
        integrating such capabilities onto an existing 
        platform, an analysis that verifies that such platform 
        has the space, weight, cooling, and power necessary to 
        support the integration of the EC-130H Compass Call 
        capability.
            (9) Such other matters relating to the required 
        mission capabilities and transition of the EC-130H 
        Compass Call fleet as the Secretary considers 
        appropriate.
    (d) Form.--The report under subsection (c) may be submitted 
in classified form, but shall also contain an unclassified 
executive summary and may contain an unclassified annex.
    (e) Nonduplication of Effort.--If any information required 
in the report under subsection (c) has been included in another 
report or notification previously submitted to the 
congressional defense committees by law, the Secretary of the 
Air Force may provide a list of such reports and notifications 
at the time of submitting the report required under subsection 
(c) instead of including such information in such report.

SEC. 144. PROHIBITION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR RETIREMENT OF JOINT 
                    SURVEILLANCE TARGET ATTACK RADAR SYSTEM, EC-130H 
                    COMPASS CALL, AND AIRBORNE WARNING AND CONTROL 
                    SYSTEM AIRCRAFT.

    (a) Prohibition.--Except as provided by subsection (b), 
none of the funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act or 
otherwise made available for fiscal years 2016 or 2017 for the 
Air Force may be obligated or expended to retire, or prepare to 
retire, any covered aircraft.
    (b) Exception.--The prohibition in subsection (a) shall not 
apply to individual covered aircraft that the Secretary of the 
Air Force determines, on a case-by-case basis, to be non-
operational because of mishaps, other damage, or being 
uneconomical to repair.
    (c) Covered Aircraft.--In this section, the term ``covered 
aircraft'' means the following:
            (1) Joint Surveillance Target Attack Radar System 
        aircraft.
            (2) EC-130H Compass Call aircraft.
            (3) Airborne Warning and Control System aircraft.

SEC. 145. LIMITATION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR F-35A AIRCRAFT 
                    PROCUREMENT.

    Of the funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act or 
otherwise made available for fiscal year 2016 for aircraft 
procurement, Air Force, not more than $4,285,000,000 may be 
obligated for the procurement of F-35A aircraft until the 
Secretary of the Air Force certifies to the congressional 
defense committees that F-35A aircraft delivered during fiscal 
year 2018 will have full combat capability, as determined as of 
the date of the enactment of this Act, with Block 3F hardware, 
software, and weapons carriage.

SEC. 146. PROHIBITION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR RETIREMENT OF KC-10 
                    AIRCRAFT.

    (a) Prohibition.--Except as provided by subsection (b), 
none of the funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act or 
otherwise made available for fiscal years 2016 or 2017 for the 
Air Force may be obligated or expended to retire, or prepare to 
retire, any KC-10 aircraft.
    (b) Exception.--The prohibition in subsection (a) shall not 
apply to individual KC-10 aircraft that the Secretary of the 
Air Force determines, on a case-by-case basis, to be non-
operational because of mishaps, other damage, or being 
uneconomical to repair.

SEC. 147. LIMITATION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR TRANSFER OF C-130 
                    AIRCRAFT.

    None of the funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act 
or otherwise made available for fiscal year 2016 for the Air 
Force may be obligated or expended to transfer from one 
facility of the Department of Defense to another any C-130H 
aircraft, initiate any C-130 manpower authorization 
adjustments, retire or prepare to retire any C-130H aircraft, 
or close any C-130H unit until a period of 90 days elapses 
following the date on which the Secretary of the Air Force, the 
Secretary of the Army, the Chief of Staff of the Air Force, and 
the Chief of Staff of the Army, in consultation with the 
commanders of the XVIII Airborne Corps, the 82nd Airborne 
Division, and the United States Army Special Operations 
Command, jointly certify to the Committees on Armed Services of 
the Senate and the House of Representatives that--
            (1) the Secretary of the Air Force will maintain 
        dedicated C-130 wings to support the daily training and 
        contingency requirements of the XVIII Airborne Corps, 
        the 82nd Airborne Division, and the United States Army 
        Special Operations Command at manning levels required 
        to support and operate the number of aircraft that 
        existed as part of regular and reserve Air Force 
        operations in support of such units as of September 30, 
        2014; or
            (2) the failure to maintain such dedicated C-130 
        wings will not adversely affect the daily training 
        requirement of such airborne and special operations 
        units.

SEC. 148. LIMITATION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR EXECUTIVE 
                    COMMUNICATIONS UPGRADES FOR C-20 AND C-37 AIRCRAFT.

    (a) Limitation.--Except as provided by subsection (b), none 
of the funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act or 
otherwise made available for fiscal year 2016 for the Air Force 
may be obligated or expended to upgrade the executive 
communications of C-20 and C-37 aircraft until the date on 
which the Secretary of the Air Force certifies in writing to 
the congressional defense committees that such upgrades do 
not--
            (1) cause such aircraft to exceed any weight 
        limitation; or
            (2) reduce the operational capability of such 
        aircraft.
    (b) Waiver.--The Secretary may waive the limitation in 
subsection (a) if the Secretary--
            (1) determines that such waiver is necessary for 
        the national security interests of the United States; 
        and
            (2) notifies the congressional defense committees 
        of such waiver.

SEC. 149. LIMITATION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR T-1A JAYHAWK 
                    AIRCRAFT.

    Of the funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act or 
otherwise made available for fiscal year 2016 for aircraft 
procurement, Air Force, for avionics modification to the T-1A 
Jayhawk aircraft, not more than 85 percent may be obligated or 
expended until a period of 30 days has elapsed following the 
date on which the Secretary of the Air Force submits to the 
congressional defense committees the report required under 
section 142 of the Carl Levin and Howard P. ``Buck'' McKeon 
National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2015 (Public 
Law 113-291; 128 Stat. 3320).

SEC. 150. NOTIFICATION OF RETIREMENT OF B-1, B-2, AND B-52 BOMBER 
                    AIRCRAFT.

    (a) Notification.--Except as provided by subsection (b), 
during the period preceding the date on which the long-range 
strike bomber aircraft achieves initial operational capability, 
the Secretary of the Air Force may not retire or prepare to 
retire covered aircraft during a fiscal year unless the 
Secretary includes in the defense budget materials for that 
fiscal year a notification of the proposed retirement, 
including the rationale for the retirement, the effects of the 
retirement, and how the Secretary will mitigate any risks 
relating to the retirement.
    (b) Exception.--The notification requirement in subsection 
(a) shall not apply to individual covered aircraft that the 
Secretary determines, on a case-by-case basis, to be non-
operational because of mishaps, other damage, or being 
uneconomical to repair.
    (c) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) The term ``covered aircraft'' means B-1, B-2, 
        and B-52 bomber aircraft.
            (2) The term ``defense budget materials'' has the 
        meaning given that term in section 231(f) of title 10, 
        United States Code.

SEC. 151. INVENTORY REQUIREMENT FOR FIGHTER AIRCRAFT OF THE AIR FORCE.

    (a) Inventory Requirement.--During the two-year period 
beginning on October 1, 2015, the Secretary of the Air Force 
shall maintain a total aircraft inventory of fighter aircraft 
of not less than 1,900 aircraft, and a total primary mission 
aircraft inventory (combat-coded) of not less than 1,100 
fighter aircraft.
    (b) Budget Information Regarding Retirement of Fighter 
Aircraft.--
            (1) Report.--If the Secretary proposes to retire 
        fighter aircraft in a fiscal year, the Secretary shall 
        include in the materials submitted in support of the 
        budget of the President for that fiscal year (as 
        submitted to Congress under section 1105(a) of title 
        31, United States Code) a report setting forth the 
        following:
                    (A) The rationale and appropriate 
                supporting analysis for the proposed 
                retirement.
                    (B) An assessment of the implications of 
                such retirement for the Air Force, the Air 
                National Guard, and the Air Force Reserve for 
                the force mix ratio of fighter aircraft.
                    (C) Such other matters relating to the 
                proposed retirement as the Secretary considers 
                appropriate.
            (2) Exception.--Paragraph (1) shall not apply to 
        individual fighter aircraft that the Secretary 
        determines, on a case-by-case basis, to be non-
        operational because of mishaps, other damage, or being 
        uneconomical to repair.
    (c) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) The term ``fighter aircraft'' means an aircraft 
        that is designated by a basic mission design series of 
        A-10, F-15, F-16, F-22, or F-35.
            (2) The term ``primary mission aircraft inventory'' 
        means aircraft assigned to meet the primary aircraft 
        authorization to a unit for the performance of its 
        wartime mission.

SEC. 152. SENSE OF CONGRESS REGARDING THE OCONUS BASING OF F-35A 
                    AIRCRAFT.

    (a) Finding.--Congress finds that the Department of Defense 
is continuing its process of permanently stationing the F-35 
aircraft at installations in the continental United States and 
forward-basing such aircraft outside the continental United 
States.
    (b) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress that 
the Secretary of the Air Force, in the strategic basing process 
for the F-35A aircraft, should continue to consider the 
benefits derived from sites that--
            (1) are capable of hosting fighter-based bilateral 
        and multilateral training opportunities with 
        international partners;
            (2) have sufficient airspace and range capabilities 
        and capacity to meet the training requirements;
            (3) have existing facilities to support personnel, 
        operations, and logistics associated with the flying 
        mission;
            (4) have limited encroachment that would adversely 
        impact training or operations; and
            (5) minimize the overall construction and 
        operational costs.

       Subtitle E--Defense-wide, Joint, and Multiservice Matters

SEC. 161. LIMITATION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR JOINT BATTLE COMMAND-
                    PLATFORM.

    (a) Limitation.--Of the funds authorized to be appropriated 
by this Act or otherwise made available for fiscal year 2016 
for joint battle command-platform equipment, not more than 75 
percent may be obligated or expended until a period of 30 days 
has elapsed following the date on which the Assistant Secretary 
of the Army for Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics submits 
to the congressional defense committees the report under 
subsection (b).
    (b) Report.--Not later than March 1, 2016, the Assistant 
Secretary of the Army for Acquisition, Technology, and 
Logistics shall submit to the congressional defense committees 
a report that provides a detailed test and evaluation plan to 
address the effectiveness, suitability, and survivability 
shortfalls of the joint battle command-platform identified by 
the Director of Operational Test and Evaluation in the fiscal 
year 2014 report of the Director submitted to Congress.

SEC. 162. REPORT ON ARMY AND MARINE CORPS MODERNIZATION PLAN FOR SMALL 
                    ARMS.

    (a) Report Required.--Not later than one year after the 
date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of the Army 
and the Secretary of the Navy shall jointly submit to the 
Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
Representatives a report on the plan of the Army and the Marine 
Corps to modernize small arms for the Army and the Marine Corps 
during the 15-year period beginning on the date of such plan, 
including the mechanisms to be used to promote competition 
among suppliers of small arms and small arms parts in achieving 
the plan.
    (b) Small Arms.--The small arms covered by the plan under 
subsection (a) shall include the following:
            (1) Pistols.
            (2) Carbines.
            (3) Rifles and automatic rifles.
            (4) Light machine guns.
            (5) Such other small arms as the Secretaries 
        consider appropriate for purposes of the report 
        required by subsection (a).
    (c) Non-standard Small Arms.--In addition to the arms 
specified in subsection (b), the plan under subsection (a) 
shall also address non-standard small arms not currently in the 
small arms inventory of the Army or the Marine Corps.

SEC. 163. STUDY ON USE OF DIFFERENT TYPES OF ENHANCED 5.56MM AMMUNITION 
                    BY THE ARMY AND THE MARINE CORPS.

    (a) Use of Different Types of Enhanced 5.56mm Ammunition.--
            (1) Study.--Not later than 30 days after the date 
        of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense 
        shall seek to enter into a contract with a federally 
        funded research and development center to conduct a 
        study on the use of different types of enhanced 5.56mm 
        ammunition by the Army and the Marine Corps.
            (2) Submission.--Not later than 90 days after the 
        date on which the contract is entered into under 
        paragraph (1), the federally funded research and 
        development center conducting the study under such 
        paragraph shall submit to the Secretary the study, 
        including any findings and recommendations of the 
        federally funded research and development center.
    (b) Report.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than 30 days after the 
        date on which the Secretary receives the study under 
        subsection (a)(2), the Secretary shall submit to the 
        congressional defense committees a report on the study.
            (2) Matters included.--The report under paragraph 
        (1) shall include the following:
                    (A) The study, including any findings and 
                recommendations of the federally funded 
                research and development center that conducted 
                the study.
                    (B) An explanation of the reasons for the 
                Army and the Marine Corps to use in combat two 
                different types of enhanced 5.56mm ammunition.
                    (C) An explanation of the appropriateness, 
                effectiveness, and suitability issues that may 
                arise from the use of such different types of 
                ammunition.
                    (D) An explanation of any additional costs 
                that have resulted from the use of such 
                different types of ammunition.
                    (E) An explanation of any future plans of 
                the Army or the Marine Corps to eventually 
                transition to using in combat one standard type 
                of enhanced 5.56mm ammunition.
                    (F) If there are no plans described in 
                subparagraph (E), an analysis of the potential 
                benefits of a transition described in such 
                subparagraph, including the timeline for such a 
                transition to occur.
                    (G) Any findings, recommendations, 
                comments, or plans that the Secretary 
                determines appropriate.

         TITLE II--RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT, TEST, AND EVALUATION

               Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations

Sec. 201. Authorization of appropriations.

     Subtitle B--Program Requirements, Restrictions, and Limitations

Sec. 211. Centers for Science, Technology, and Engineering Partnership.
Sec. 212.  Expansion of eligibility for financial assistance under 
          Department of Defense Science, Mathematics, and Research for 
          Transformation Program to include citizens of countries 
          participating in the Technical Cooperation Program.
Sec. 213. Expansion of education partnerships to support technology 
          transfer and transition.
Sec. 214. Improvement to coordination and communication of defense 
          research activities.
Sec. 215. Reauthorization of Global Research Watch program.
Sec. 216. Reauthorization of defense research and development rapid 
          innovation program.
Sec. 217. Science and technology activities to support business systems 
          information technology acquisition programs.
Sec. 218. Department of Defense technology offset program to build and 
          maintain the military technological superiority of the United 
          States.
Sec. 219. Limitation on availability of funds for F-15 infrared search 
          and track capability development.
Sec. 220. Limitation on availability of funds for development of the 
          shallow water combat submersible.
Sec. 221. Limitation on availability of funds for the advanced 
          development and manufacturing facility under the medical 
          countermeasure program.
Sec. 222. Limitation on availability of funds for distributed common 
          ground system of the Army.
Sec. 223. Limitation on availability of funds for distributed common 
          ground system of the United States Special Operations Command.
Sec. 224. Limitation on availability of funds for Integrated Personnel 
          and Pay System of the Army.

                  Subtitle C--Reports and Other Matters

Sec. 231. Streamlining the Joint Federated Assurance Center.
Sec. 232. Demonstration of Persistent Close Air Support capabilities.
Sec. 233. Strategies for engagement with Historically Black Colleges and 
          Universities and Minority-serving Institutions of Higher 
          Education.
Sec. 234. Report on commercial-off-the-shelf wide-area surveillance 
          systems for Army tactical unmanned aerial systems.
Sec. 235. Report on Tactical Combat Training System Increment II.
Sec. 236. Report on technology readiness levels of the technologies and 
          capabilities critical to the long-range strike bomber 
          aircraft.
Sec. 237. Assessment of air-land mobile tactical communications and data 
          network requirements and capabilities.
Sec. 238. Study of field failures involving counterfeit electronic 
          parts.
Sec. 239. Airborne data link plan.
Sec. 240. Plan for advanced weapons technology war games.
Sec. 241. Independent assessment of F135 engine program.
Sec. 242. Comptroller General review of autonomic logistics information 
          system for F-35 Lightning II aircraft.
Sec. 243. Sense of Congress regarding facilitation of a high quality 
          technical workforce.

              Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations

SEC. 201. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

    Funds are hereby authorized to be appropriated for fiscal 
year 2016 for the use of the Department of Defense for 
research, development, test, and evaluation as specified in the 
funding table in section 4201.

    Subtitle B--Program Requirements, Restrictions, and Limitations

SEC. 211. CENTERS FOR SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY, AND ENGINEERING PARTNERSHIP.

    (a) In General.--Chapter 139 of title 10, United States 
Code, is amended by inserting after section 2367 the following 
new section:

``Sec. 2368. Centers for Science, Technology, and Engineering 
                    Partnership

    ``(a) Designation.--(1) The Secretary of Defense, in 
coordination with the Secretaries of the military departments, 
shall designate each science and technology reinvention 
laboratory as a Center for Science, Technology, and Engineering 
Partnership (in this section referred to as `Centers') in the 
recognized core competencies of the designee.
    ``(2) The Secretary of Defense shall establish a policy to 
encourage the Secretary of each military department to 
reengineer management and business processes and adopt best-
business and personnel practices at the Centers of the 
Secretary concerned in connection with the capability 
requirements of the Centers, so as to serve as recognized 
leaders in such capabilities throughout the Department of 
Defense and in the national technology and industrial base.
    ``(3) The Secretary of Defense, acting through the 
directors of the Centers, may conduct one or more pilot 
programs, consistent with applicable requirements of law, to 
test any practices referred to in paragraph (2) that the 
Directors determine could--
            ``(A) improve the efficiency and effectiveness of 
        operations at Centers;
            ``(B) improve the support provided by the Centers 
        for the elements of the Department of Defense who use 
        the services of the Centers; and
            ``(C) enhance capabilities by reducing the cost and 
        improving the performance and efficiency of executing 
        laboratory missions.
    ``(b) Public-private Partnerships.--(1) To achieve one or 
more objectives set forth in paragraph (2), the Secretary may 
authorize and establish incentives for the Director of a Center 
to enter into public-private cooperative arrangements (in this 
section referred to as a `public-private partnership') to 
provide for any of the following:
            ``(A) For employees of the Center, academia, 
        private industry, State and local governments, or other 
        entities outside the Department of Defense to perform 
        (under contract, subcontract, or otherwise) work 
        related to the capabilities of the Center, including 
        any work that--
                    ``(i) involves one or more capabilities of 
                the Center; and
                    ``(ii) may be applicable to both the 
                Department and commercial entities.
            ``(B) For private industry or other entities 
        outside the Department of Defense to use for either 
        Government or commercial purposes any capabilities of 
        the Center that are not fully used for Department of 
        Defense activities for any period determined to be 
        consistent with the needs of the Department of Defense.
    ``(2) The objectives for exercising the authority provided 
in paragraph (1) are as follows:
            ``(A) To maximize the use of the capacity of a 
        Center.
            ``(B) To reduce or eliminate the cost of ownership 
        of a Center by the Department of Defense.
            ``(C) To reduce the cost of science, technology, 
        and engineering activities of the Department of 
        Defense.
            ``(D) To leverage private sector investment in--
                    ``(i) such efforts as research and 
                equipment recapitalization for a Center; and
                    ``(ii) the promotion of the undertaking of 
                commercial business ventures based on the 
                capabilities of a Center, as determined by the 
                director of the Center.
            ``(E) To foster cooperation and technology transfer 
        between the armed forces, academia, private industry, 
        and State and local governments.
            ``(F) To increase access by a Center to a skilled 
        technical workforce that can contribute to the 
        effective and efficient execution of the missions of 
        the Department of Defense.
            ``(G) To increase the ability of a Center to access 
        and use non-Department of Defense methods to develop 
        and innovate and access capabilities that contribute to 
        the effective and efficient execution of the missions 
        of the Department of Defense.
    ``(3)(A) Public-private partnerships entered into under 
paragraph (1) may be used for purposes relating to technology 
transfer and other authorities described in subparagraph (B).
    ``(B) The authorities described in this subparagraph are 
provisions of law that provide for cooperation and partnership 
by the Department of Defense with academia, private industry, 
and State and local governments, including the following:
            ``(i) Sections 3371 through 3375 of title 5.
            ``(ii) Sections 2194, 2358, 2371, 2511, 2539b, and 
        2563 of this title.
            ``(iii) Section 209 of title 35.
            ``(iv) Sections 8, 12, and 23 of the Stevenson-
        Wydler Technology Innovation Act of 1980 (15 U.S.C. 
        3706, 3710a, and 3715).
    ``(c) Private Sector Use of Excess Capacity.--Any 
capability of a Center made available to the private sector may 
be used to perform research and testing activities in order to 
make more efficient and economical use of Government-owned 
capabilities and encourage the creation and preservation of 
jobs to ensure the availability of a workforce with the 
necessary research and technical skills to meet the needs of 
the armed forces.
    ``(d) Crediting of Amounts for Performance.--Amounts 
received by a Center for work performed under a public-private 
partnership may--
            ``(1) be credited to the appropriation or fund, 
        including a working-capital or revolving fund, that 
        incurs the cost of performing the work; or
            ``(2) be used by the Director of the Center as the 
        Director considers appropriate and consistent with 
        section 219 of the Duncan Hunter National Defense 
        Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2009 (Public Law 110-
        417; 10 U.S.C. 2358 note).
    ``(e) Availability of Excess Capacities to Private-sector 
Partners.--Capacities of a Center may be made available for use 
by a private-sector entity under this section only if--
            ``(1) the use of the capacities will not have a 
        significant adverse effect on the performance of the 
        Center or the ability of the Center to achieve the 
        mission of the Center, as determined by the Director of 
        the Center; and
            ``(2) the private-sector entity agrees--
                    ``(A) to reimburse the Department of 
                Defense when required in accordance with the 
                guidance of the Department for the direct and 
                indirect costs (including any rental costs) 
                that are attributable to the use of the 
                capabilities by the private-sector entity, as 
                determined by the Secretary of the military 
                departments; and
                    ``(B) to hold harmless and indemnify the 
                United States from--
                            ``(i) any claim for damages or 
                        injury to any person or property 
                        arising out of the use of the 
                        capabilities, except under the 
                        circumstances described in section 
                        2563(c)(3) of this title; and
                            ``(ii) any liability or claim for 
                        damages or injury to any person or 
                        property arising out of a decision by 
                        the Secretary to suspend or terminate 
                        that use of capabilities during a war 
                        or national emergency.
    ``(f) Construction of Provision.--Nothing in this section 
may be construed to authorize a change, otherwise prohibited by 
law, from the performance of work at a Center by personnel of 
the Department of Defense to performance by a contractor.
    ``(g) Definitions.--In this section:
            ``(1) The term `capabilities', with respect to a 
        Center for Science, Technology, and Engineering 
        Partnership, means the facilities, equipment, 
        personnel, intellectual property, and other assets that 
        support the core competencies of the Center.
            ``(2) The term `national technology and industrial 
        base' has the meaning given that term in section 2500 
        of this title.
            ``(3) The term `science and technology reinvention 
        laboratory' means a science and technology reinvention 
        laboratory designated under section 1105 of the 
        National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2010 
        (Public Law 111-84; 10 U.S.C. 2358 note).''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the 
beginning of such chapter is amended by inserting after the 
item relating to section 2367 the following new item:

``2368. Centers for Science, Technology, and Engineering Partnership.''.

SEC. 212. EXPANSION OF ELIGIBILITY FOR FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE UNDER 
                    DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE SCIENCE, MATHEMATICS, AND 
                    RESEARCH FOR TRANSFORMATION PROGRAM TO INCLUDE 
                    CITIZENS OF COUNTRIES PARTICIPATING IN THE 
                    TECHNICAL COOPERATION PROGRAM.

    Section 2192a of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in subsection (b)(1)(A), by inserting ``or, 
        subject to subsection (g), a country the government of 
        which is a party to The Technical Cooperation Program 
        (TTCP) memorandum of understanding of October 24, 
        1995'' after ``United States'';
            (2) by redesignating subsection (g) as subsection 
        (h); and
            (3) by inserting after section (f) the following 
        new subsection (g):
    ``(g) Limitation on Participation.--(1) The Secretary may 
not award scholarships or fellowships under this section to 
more than five individuals described in paragraph (2) per year.
    ``(2) An individual described in this paragraph is an 
individual who--
            ``(A) has not previously been awarded a scholarship 
        or fellowship under the program under this section;
            ``(B) is not a citizen of the United States; and
            ``(C) is a citizen of a country the government of 
        which is a party to The Technical Cooperation Program 
        (TTCP) memorandum of understanding of October 24, 
        1995.''.

SEC. 213. EXPANSION OF EDUCATION PARTNERSHIPS TO SUPPORT TECHNOLOGY 
                    TRANSFER AND TRANSITION.

    Section 2194 of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a), by inserting ``business, 
        law, technology transfer or transition'' after 
        ``mathematics,''; and
            (2) in subsection (b)--
                    (A) by redesignating paragraphs (4) through 
                (6) as paragraphs (5) through (7), 
                respectively;
                    (B) by inserting after paragraph (3) the 
                following new paragraph (4):
            ``(4) providing in the defense laboratory 
        sabbatical opportunities for faculty and internship 
        opportunities for students;''; and
                    (C) in paragraphs (5) and (6), as 
                redesignated by subparagraph (A), by striking 
                ``research projects'' both places it appears 
                and inserting ``projects, including research 
                and technology transfer or transition 
                projects''.

SEC. 214. IMPROVEMENT TO COORDINATION AND COMMUNICATION OF DEFENSE 
                    RESEARCH ACTIVITIES.

    (a) In General.--Section 2364 of title 10, United States 
Code, is amended--
            (1) by striking subsection (a) and inserting the 
        following new subsection:
    ``(a) Coordination of Department of Defense Research, 
Development, and Technological Data.--The Secretary of Defense 
shall promote, monitor, and evaluate programs for the 
communication and exchange of research, development, and 
technological data--
            ``(1) among the Defense research facilities, 
        combatant commands, and other organizations that are 
        involved in developing for the Department of Defense 
        the technological requirements for new items for use by 
        combat forces;
            ``(2) among Defense research facilities and other 
        offices, agencies, and bureaus in the Department that 
        are engaged in related technological matters;
            ``(3) among other research facilities and other 
        departments or agencies of the Federal Government that 
        are engaged in research, development, and technological 
        matters;
            ``(4) among private commercial, research 
        institution, and university entities engaged in 
        research, development, and technological matters 
        potentially relevant to defense on a voluntary basis;
            ``(5) to the extent practicable, to achieve full 
        awareness of scientific and technological advancement 
        and innovation wherever it may occur, whether funded by 
        the Department of Defense, another element of the 
        Federal Government, or other entities; and
            ``(6) through development and distribution of clear 
        technical communications to the public, military 
        operators, acquisition organizations, and civilian and 
        military decision-makers that conveys successes of 
        research and engineering activities supported by the 
        Department and the contributions of such activities to 
        support national needs.'';
            (2) in subsection (b)--
                    (A) by striking paragraph (3) and inserting 
                the following new paragraph:
            ``(3) that the managers of such facilities have 
        broad latitude to choose research and development 
        projects based on awareness of activities throughout 
        the technology domain, including within the Federal 
        Government, the Department of Defense, public and 
        private research institutions and universities, and the 
        global commercial marketplace;'';
                    (B) in paragraph (4), by striking ``; and'' 
                and inserting a semicolon;
                    (C) in paragraph (5), by striking the 
                period at the end and inserting ``; and''; and
                    (D) by adding at the end the following new 
                paragraph:
            ``(6) that, in light of Defense research facilities 
        being funded by the public, Defense research facilities 
        are broadly authorized and encouraged to support 
        national technological development goals and support 
        technological missions of other departments and 
        agencies of the Federal Government, when such support 
        is determined by the Secretary of Defense to be in the 
        best interests of the Federal Government.''.
            (3) in the section heading, by inserting ``and 
        technology domain awareness'' after ``activities''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the 
beginning of chapter 139 of such title is amended by striking 
the item relating to section 2364 and inserting the following:

``2364. Coordination and communication of defense research activities 
          and technology domain awareness.''.

SEC. 215. REAUTHORIZATION OF GLOBAL RESEARCH WATCH PROGRAM.

    Section 2365 of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in paragraphs (1) and (2) of subsection (b), by 
        inserting ``and private sector persons'' after 
        ``foreign nations'' both places it appears; and
            (2) in subsection (f), by striking ``September 30, 
        2015'' and inserting ``September 30, 2025''.

SEC. 216. REAUTHORIZATION OF DEFENSE RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT RAPID 
                    INNOVATION PROGRAM.

    (a) Extension of Program.--Section 1073 of the Ike Skelton 
National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2011 (Public 
Law 111-383; 10 U.S.C. 2359a note) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (d), by striking ``2015'' and 
        inserting ``2023''; and
            (2) in subsection (g), by striking ``September 30, 
        2015'' and inserting ``September 30, 2023''.
    (b) Modification of Guidelines for Operation of Program.--
Subsection (b) of such section is amended--
            (1) by amending paragraph (1) to read as follows:
            ``(1) The issuance of an annual broad agency 
        announcement or the use of any other competitive or 
        merit-based processes by the Department of Defense for 
        candidate proposals in support of defense acquisition 
        programs as described in subsection (a).'';
            (2) in paragraph (3), by striking the second 
        sentence;
            (3) in paragraph (4)--
                    (A) in the first sentence, by striking ``be 
                funded under the program for more than two 
                years'' and inserting ``receive more than a 
                total of two years of funding under the 
                program''; and
                    (B) by striking the second sentence; and
            (4) by adding at the end, the following new 
        paragraphs:
            ``(5) Mechanisms to facilitate transition of 
        follow-on or current projects carried out under the 
        program into defense acquisition programs, through the 
        use of the authorities of section 819 of the National 
        Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2010 (Public 
        Law 111-84; 10 U.S.C. 2302 note) or such other 
        authorities as may be appropriate to conduct further 
        testing, low rate production, or full rate production 
        of technologies developed under the program.
            ``(6) Projects are selected using merit-based 
        selection procedures and the selection of projects is 
        not subject to undue influence by Congress or other 
        Federal agencies.''.
    (c) Repeal of Report Requirement.--Such section is further 
amended--
            (1) by striking subsection (f); and
            (2) by redesignating subsection (g) as subsection 
        (f).

SEC. 217. SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY ACTIVITIES TO SUPPORT BUSINESS SYSTEMS 
                    INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY ACQUISITION PROGRAMS.

    (a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense, acting through 
the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and 
Logistics, the Deputy Chief Management Officer, and the Chief 
Information Officer, shall establish a set of science, 
technology, and innovation activities to improve the 
acquisition outcomes of major automated information systems 
through improved performance and reduced developmental and life 
cycle costs.
    (b) Execution of Activities.--The activities established 
under subsection (a) shall be carried out by such military 
departments and Defense Agencies as the Under Secretary and the 
Deputy Chief Management Officer consider appropriate.
    (c) Activities.--
            (1) In general.--The set of activities established 
        under subsection (a) may include the following:
                    (A) Development of capabilities in 
                Department of Defense laboratories, test 
                centers, and federally funded research and 
                development centers to provide technical 
                support for acquisition program management and 
                business process re-engineering activities.
                    (B) Funding of intramural and extramural 
                research and development activities as 
                described in subsection (e).
            (2) Current activities.--The Secretary shall 
        identify the current activities described in 
        subparagraphs (A) and (B) of paragraph (1) that are 
        being carried out as of the date of the enactment of 
        this Act. The Secretary shall consider such current 
        activities in determining the set of activities to 
        establish pursuant to subsection (a).
    (d) Gap Analysis.--In establishing the set of activities 
under subsection (a), not later than 270 days after the date of 
the enactment of this Act, the Secretary, in coordination with 
the Secretaries of the military departments and the heads of 
the Defense Agencies, shall conduct a gap analysis to identify 
activities that are not, as of such date, being pursued in the 
current science and technology program of the Department. The 
Secretary shall use such analysis in determining--
            (1) the set of activities to establish pursuant to 
        subsection (a) that carry out the purposes specified in 
        subsection (c)(1); and
            (2) the proposed funding requirements and 
        timelines.
    (e) Funding of Intramural and Extramural Research and 
Development.--
            (1) In general.--In carrying out the set of 
        activities required by subsection (a), the Secretary 
        may award grants or contracts to eligible entities to 
        carry out intramural or extramural research and 
        development in areas of interest described in paragraph 
        (3).
            (2) Eligible entities.--For purposes of this 
        subsection, an eligible entity includes the following:
                    (A) Entities in the defense industry.
                    (B) Institutions of higher education.
                    (C) Small businesses.
                    (D) Nontraditional defense contractors (as 
                defined in section 2302 of title 10, United 
                States Code).
                    (E) Federally funded research and 
                development centers, primarily for the purpose 
                of improving technical expertise to support 
                acquisition efforts.
                    (F) Nonprofit research institutions.
                    (G) Government laboratories and test 
                centers, primarily for the purpose of improving 
                technical expertise to support acquisition 
                efforts.
            (3) Areas of interest.--The areas of interest 
        described in this paragraph are the following:
                    (A) Management innovation, including 
                personnel and financial management policy 
                innovation.
                    (B) Business process re-engineering.
                    (C) Systems engineering of information 
                technology business systems.
                    (D) Cloud computing to support business 
                systems and business processes.
                    (E) Software development, including systems 
                and techniques to limit unique interfaces and 
                simplify processes to customize commercial 
                software to meet the needs of the Department of 
                Defense.
                    (F) Hardware development, including systems 
                and techniques to limit unique interfaces and 
                simplify processes to customize commercial 
                hardware to meet the needs of the Department of 
                Defense.
                    (G) Development of methodologies and tools 
                to support development and operational test of 
                large and complex business systems.
                    (H) Analysis tools to allow decision-makers 
                to make tradeoffs between requirements, costs, 
                technical risks, and schedule in major 
                automated information system acquisition 
                programs.
                    (I) Information security in major automated 
                information system systems.
                    (J) Innovative acquisition policies and 
                practices to streamline acquisition of 
                information technology systems.
                    (K) Such other areas as the Secretary 
                considers appropriate.
    (f) Priorities.--
            (1) In general.--In carrying out the set of 
        activities required by subsection (a), the Secretary 
        shall give priority to--
                    (A) projects that--
                            (i) address the innovation and 
                        technology needs of the Department of 
                        Defense; and
                            (ii) support activities of 
                        initiatives, programs, and offices 
                        identified by the Under Secretary and 
                        Deputy Chief Management Officer; and
                    (B) the projects and programs identified in 
                paragraph (2).
            (2) Projects and programs identified.--The projects 
        and programs identified in this paragraph are the 
        following:
                    (A) Major automated information system 
                programs.
                    (B) Projects and programs under the 
                oversight of the Deputy Chief Management 
                Officer.
                    (C) Projects and programs relating to 
                defense procurement acquisition policy.
                    (D) Projects and programs of the agencies 
                and field activities of the Office of the 
                Secretary of Defense that support business 
                missions such as finance, human resources, 
                security, management, logistics, and contract 
                management.
                    (E) Military and civilian personnel policy 
                development for information technology 
                workforce.

SEC. 218. DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE TECHNOLOGY OFFSET PROGRAM TO BUILD AND 
                    MAINTAIN THE MILITARY TECHNOLOGICAL SUPERIORITY OF 
                    THE UNITED STATES.

    (a) Program Established.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
        establish a technology offset program to build and 
        maintain the military technological superiority of the 
        United States by--
                    (A) accelerating the fielding of offset 
                technologies that would help counter 
                technological advantages of potential 
                adversaries of the United States, including 
                directed energy, low-cost, high-speed 
                munitions, autonomous systems, undersea 
                warfare, cyber technology, and intelligence 
                data analytics, developed using research 
                funding of the Department of Defense and 
                accelerating the commercialization of such 
                technologies; and
                    (B) developing and implementing new 
                policies and acquisition and business 
                practices.
            (2) Guidelines.--Not later than one year after the 
        date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall 
        issue guidelines for the operation of the program 
        established under paragraph (1), including--
                    (A) criteria for an application for funding 
                by a military department, Defense Agency, or a 
                combatant command;
                    (B) the purposes for which such a 
                department, agency, or command may apply for 
                funds and appropriate requirements for 
                technology development or commercialization to 
                be supported using program funds;
                    (C) the priorities, if any, to be provided 
                to field or commercialize offset technologies 
                developed by certain types of research funding 
                of the Department; and
                    (D) criteria for evaluation of an 
                application for funding or changes to policies 
                or acquisition and business practices by such a 
                department, agency, or command for purposes of 
                the program.
    (b) Applications for Funding.--
            (1) In general.--Under the program established 
        under subsection (a)(1), not less frequently than 
        annually, the Secretary shall solicit from the heads of 
        the military departments, the Defense Agencies, and the 
        combatant commands applications for funding to be used 
        to enter into contracts, cooperative agreements, or 
        other transaction agreements entered into pursuant to 
        section 2371b of title 10, United States Code, as added 
        by section 815,with appropriate entities for the 
        fielding or commercialization of technologies.
            (2) Treatment pursuant to certain congressional 
        rules.--Nothing in this section shall be interpreted to 
        require any official of the Department of Defense to 
        provide funding under this section to any Congressional 
        earmark as defined pursuant to clause 9 of rule XXI of 
        the Rules of the House of Representatives or any 
        congressionally directed spending item as defined 
        pursuant to paragraph 5 of rule XLIV of the Standing 
        Rules of the Senate.
    (c) Funding.--
            (1) In general.--Subject to the availability of 
        appropriations for such purpose, of the funds 
        authorized to be appropriated by this Act or otherwise 
        made available for fiscal year 2016 for research, 
        development, test, and evaluation, Defense-wide, not 
        more than $400,000,000 may be used for each such fiscal 
        year for the program established under subsection 
        (a)(1).
            (2) Amount for directed energy.--Of the funds 
        specified in paragraph (1) for any of fiscal years 2016 
        through 2020, not more than $200,000,000 may be used 
        for each such fiscal year for activities in the field 
        of directed energy.
    (d) Transfer Authority.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary may transfer funds 
        available for the program established under subsection 
        (a)(1) to the research, development, test, and 
        evaluation accounts of a military department, Defense 
        Agency, or a combatant command pursuant to an 
        application, or any part of an application, that the 
        Secretary determines would support the purposes of the 
        program.
            (2) Supplement not supplant.--The transfer 
        authority provided in paragraph (1) is in addition to 
        any other transfer authority available to the Secretary 
        of Defense.
    (e) Termination.--
            (1) In general.--The authority to carry out the 
        program under subsection (a)(1) shall terminate on 
        September 30, 2020.
            (2) Transfer after termination.--Any amounts made 
        available for the program that remain available for 
        obligation on the date on which the program terminates 
        may be transferred under subsection (d) during the 180-
        day period beginning on the date of the termination of 
        the program.

SEC. 219. LIMITATION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR F-15 INFRARED SEARCH 
                    AND TRACK CAPABILITY DEVELOPMENT.

    (a) Limitation.--Of the funds authorized to be appropriated 
by this Act or otherwise made available for fiscal year 2016 
for research, development, test, and evaluation, Air Force, for 
F-15 infrared search and track capability, not more than 50 
percent may be obligated or expended until a period of 30 days 
has elapsed following the date on which the Secretary of 
Defense submits to the congressional defense committees the 
report under subsection (b).
    (b) Report.--Not later than March 1, 2016, the Secretary of 
Defense shall submit to the congressional defense committees a 
report on the requirements and cost estimates for the 
development and procurement of infrared search and track 
capability for F/A-18 and F-15 aircraft of the Navy and the Air 
Force. The report shall include the following:
            (1) A comparison of the requirements between the F/
        A-18 and F-15 aircraft infrared search and track 
        development efforts of the Navy and the Air Force.
            (2) An explanation of any differences between the 
        F/A-18 and F-15 aircraft infrared search and track 
        capability development efforts of the Navy and the Air 
        Force.
            (3) A summary of the schedules and required funding 
        to develop and field such capability.
            (4) An explanation of any need for the Navy and the 
        Air Force to field different F/A-18 and F-15 aircraft 
        infrared search and track systems.
            (5) Any other matters the Secretary determines 
        appropriate.

SEC. 220. LIMITATION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR DEVELOPMENT OF THE 
                    SHALLOW WATER COMBAT SUBMERSIBLE.

    (a) Limitation.--Of the amounts authorized to be 
appropriated by this Act or otherwise made available for fiscal 
year 2016 for the development of the shallow water combat 
submersible of the United States Special Operations Command, 
not more than 50 percent may be obligated or expended until a 
period of 15 days elapses following the later of the date on 
which--
            (1) the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, 
        Technology, and Logistics designates a civilian 
        official to be responsible for oversight of and 
        assistance to the United States Special Operations 
        Command for all undersea mobility programs; and
            (2) the Under Secretary, in coordination with the 
        Assistant Secretary of Defense for Special Operations 
        and Low-Intensity Conflict and the Commander of the 
        United States Special Operations Command, submits to 
        the congressional defense committees the report 
        described in subsection (b).
    (b) Report Described.--The report described in this 
subsection is a report on the shallow water combat submersible 
program that includes the following:
            (1) An analysis of the reasons for cost and 
        schedule overruns associated with the program, 
        including with respect to the performance of 
        contractors and subcontractors.
            (2) A revised timeline for initial and full 
        operational capability of the shallow water combat 
        submersible.
            (3) A description of the challenges associated with 
        the integration with dry deck shelter and other diving 
        technologies.
            (4) The projected cost to meet the total unit 
        acquisition objective.
            (5) A plan to prevent, identify, and mitigate any 
        additional cost and schedule overruns.
            (6) A description of any opportunities to recover 
        cost or schedule overruns.
            (7) A description of any lessons that the Under 
        Secretary may have learned from the shallow water 
        combat submersible program that could be applied to 
        future undersea mobility acquisition programs.
            (8) Any other matters that the Under Secretary 
        considers appropriate.

SEC. 221. LIMITATION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR THE ADVANCED 
                    DEVELOPMENT AND MANUFACTURING FACILITY UNDER THE 
                    MEDICAL COUNTERMEASURE PROGRAM.

    (a) Limitation.--Of the funds authorized to be appropriated 
by this Act or otherwise made available for fiscal year 2016 
for research, development, test, and evaluation, Defense-wide, 
for the advanced development and manufacturing facility, and 
the associated activities performed at such facility, under the 
medical countermeasure program of the chemical and biological 
defense program, not more than 75 percent may be obligated or 
expended until a period of 45 days elapses following the date 
on which the Secretary of Defense submits to the congressional 
defense committees the report under subsection (b).
    (b) Report.--The Secretary shall submit to the 
congressional defense committees a report on the advanced 
development and manufacturing facility under the medical 
countermeasure program that includes the following:
            (1) An overall description of the advanced 
        development and manufacturing facility, including 
        validated Department of Defense requirements.
            (2) Program goals, proposed metrics of performance, 
        and anticipated procurement and operations and 
        maintenance costs during the period covered by the 
        current future years defense program under section 221 
        of title 10, United States Code.
            (3) The results of any analysis of alternatives and 
        efficiency reviews conducted by the Secretary that 
        justifies the manufacturing and privately financed 
        construction of an advanced manufacturing and 
        development facility rather than using other programs 
        and facilities of the Federal Government or industry 
        facilities for advanced development and manufacturing 
        of medical countermeasures.
            (4) An independent cost-benefit analysis that 
        justifies the manufacturing and privately financed 
        construction of an advanced manufacturing and 
        development facility described in paragraph (3).
            (5) If no independent cost-benefit analysis makes 
        the justification described in paragraph (4), an 
        explanation for why such manufacturing and privately 
        financed construction cannot be so justified.
            (6) Any other matters the Secretary of Defense 
        determines appropriate.
    (c) Comptroller General Review.--Not later than 60 days 
after the date on which the Secretary submits the report under 
subsection (b), the Comptroller General of the United States 
shall submit to the congressional defense committees a review 
of such report.

SEC. 222. LIMITATION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR DISTRIBUTED COMMON 
                    GROUND SYSTEM OF THE ARMY.

    (a) Limitation.--Of the funds authorized to be appropriated 
by this Act or otherwise made available for fiscal year 2016 
for research, development, test, and evaluation, Army, for the 
distributed common ground system of the Army, not more than 75 
percent may be obligated or expended until the Secretary of the 
Army--
            (1) conducts a review of the program planning for 
        the distributed common ground system of the Army; and
            (2) submits to the appropriate congressional 
        committees the report required by subsection (b)(1).
    (b) Report.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary shall submit to the 
        appropriate congressional committees a report on the 
        review of the distributed common ground system of the 
        Army conducted under subsection (a)(1).
            (2) Matters included.--The report under paragraph 
        (1) shall include the following:
                    (A) A review of the segmentation of 
                Increment 2 of the distributed common ground 
                system program of the Army into discrete 
                software components with the associated 
                requirements of each component.
                    (B) Identification of each component of 
                Increment 2 of the distributed common ground 
                system of the Army for which commercial 
                software exists that is capable of fulfilling 
                most or all of the system requirements for each 
                such component.
                    (C) A cost analysis of each such commercial 
                software that compares performance with 
                projected cost.
                    (D) Determination of the degree to which 
                commercial software solutions are compliant 
                with the standards required by the framework 
                and guidance for the Intelligence Community 
                Information Technology Enterprise, the Defense 
                Intelligence Information Enterprise, and the 
                Joint Information Environment.
                    (E) Identification of each component of 
                Increment 2 of the distributed common ground 
                system of the Army that the Secretary 
                determines may be acquired through competitive 
                means.
                    (F) An acquisition plan for Increment 2 of 
                the distributed common ground system of the 
                Army that prioritizes the acquisition of 
                commercial software components, including a 
                data integration layer, in time to meet the 
                projected deployment schedule for Increment 2.
                    (G) A review of the timetable for the 
                distributed common ground system program of the 
                Army in order to determine whether there is a 
                practical, executable acquisition strategy, 
                including the use of operational capability 
                demonstrations, that could lead to an initial 
                operating capability of Increment 2 of the 
                distributed common ground system of the Army 
                prior to fiscal year 2017.
    (c) Appropriate Congressional Committees Defined.--In this 
section, the term ``appropriate congressional committees'' 
means--
            (1) the congressional defense committees; and
            (2) the Select Committee on Intelligence of the 
        Senate and the Permanent Select Committee on 
        Intelligence of the House of Representatives.

SEC. 223. LIMITATION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR DISTRIBUTED COMMON 
                    GROUND SYSTEM OF THE UNITED STATES SPECIAL 
                    OPERATIONS COMMAND.

    (a) Limitation.--Of the funds authorized to be appropriated 
by this Act or otherwise made available for fiscal year 2016 
for research, development, test, and evaluation, Defense-wide, 
for the United States Special Operations Command for the 
distributed common ground system, not more than 75 percent may 
be obligated or expended until the Commander of the United 
States Special Operations Command submits to the congressional 
defense committees the report required by subsection (b).
    (b) Report Required.--The Commander shall submit to the 
congressional defense committees and the Permanent Select 
Committee on Intelligence of the House of Representatives a 
report on the distributed common ground system. Such report 
shall include the following:
            (1) A review of the segmentation of the distributed 
        common ground system special operations forces program 
        into discrete software components with the associated 
        requirements of each component.
            (2) Identification of each component of the 
        distributed common ground system special operations 
        forces program for which commercial software exists 
        that is capable of fulfilling most or all of the system 
        requirements for each such component.
            (3) A cost analysis of each such commercial 
        software that compares performance with projected cost.
            (4) A determination of the degree to which 
        commercial software solutions are compliant with the 
        standards required by the framework and guidance for 
        the Intelligence Community Information Technology 
        Enterprise, the Defense Intelligence Information 
        Enterprise, and the Joint Information Environment.
            (5) Identification of each component of the 
        distributed common ground system special operations 
        forces program that the Commander determines may be 
        acquired through competitive means.
            (6) An assessment of the extent to which elements 
        of the distributed common ground system special 
        operations forces program could be modified to increase 
        commercial acquisition opportunities.
            (7) An acquisition plan that leads to full 
        operational capability prior to fiscal year 2019.

SEC. 224. LIMITATION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR INTEGRATED PERSONNEL 
                    AND PAY SYSTEM OF THE ARMY.

    Of the funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act or 
otherwise made available for fiscal year 2016 for research, 
development, test, and evaluation, Army, for the integrated 
personnel and pay system of the Army, not more than 75 percent 
may be obligated or expended until the date on which the 
Secretary of the Army submits to the congressional defense 
committees a report that includes the following:
            (1) Updated and validated information regarding the 
        performance of the current legacy personnel and pay 
        system of the Army for each high-level objective and 
        business outcome described in the business case for 
        IPPS-A Increment II, dated December 2014, including 
        justifications for threshold and objective values for 
        the integrated personnel and pay system of the Army.
            (2) An explanation how the integrated personnel and 
        pay system of the Army will enable significant change 
        throughout the entire human resources enterprise.
            (3) A description for how the implementation of the 
        capabilities in the integrated personnel and pay system 
        of the Army will result in changes to the capabilities 
        and services to be provided by the Defense Finance and 
        Accounting Services, including an estimate of cost 
        savings and manpower savings resulting from elimination 
        of duplicative functions.
            (4) A description of alternative program approaches 
        that could reduce the overall cost of development and 
        deployment for the integrated personnel and pay system 
        of the Army without delaying the current program 
        schedule by more than six months.

                 Subtitle C--Reports and Other Matters

SEC. 231. STREAMLINING THE JOINT FEDERATED ASSURANCE CENTER.

    Section 937(c)(2) of the National Defense Authorization Act 
for Fiscal Year 2014 (Public Law 113-66; 10 U.S.C. 2224 note) 
is amended--
            (1) in subparagraph (C), by striking ``, in 
        coordination with the Center for Assured Software of 
        the National Security Agency,''; and
            (2) in subparagraph (E), by striking ``, in 
        coordination with the Defense Microelectronics 
        Activity,''.

SEC. 232. DEMONSTRATION OF PERSISTENT CLOSE AIR SUPPORT CAPABILITIES.

    (a) Joint Demonstration Required.--Subject to the 
availability of funds, the Secretary of the Air Force, the 
Secretary of the Army, and the Director of the Defense Advanced 
Research Projects Agency may jointly conduct a demonstration of 
the persistent close air support capability during fiscal year 
2016.
    (b) Parameters of Demonstration.--
            (1) Selection and equipment of aircraft.--If the 
        demonstration under subsection (a) is conducted, the 
        Secretary of the Air Force shall select and equip at 
        least two aircraft for use in the demonstration that 
        the Secretary otherwise intends to use for close air 
        support.
            (2) Close air support operations.--If the 
        demonstration under subsection (a) is conducted, the 
        demonstration shall include close air support 
        operations that involve the following:
                    (A) Multiple tactical radio networks 
                representing diverse ground force user 
                communities.
                    (B) Two-way digital exchanges of 
                situational awareness data, video, and calls 
                for fire between aircraft and ground users 
                without modification to aircraft operational 
                flight profiles.
                    (C) Real-time sharing of blue force, 
                aircraft, and target location data to reduce 
                risks of fratricide.
                    (D) Lightweight digital tools based on 
                commercial-off-the-shelf technology for pilots 
                and joint tactical air controllers.
                    (E) Operations in simple and complex 
                operating environments.
    (c) Assessment.--If the demonstration under subsection (a) 
is conducted, the Secretary of the Air Force, the Secretary of 
the Army, and the Director of the Defense Advanced Research 
Projects Agency shall jointly--
            (1) assess the effect of the capabilities 
        demonstrated as part of the demonstration required by 
        subsection (a) on--
                    (A) the time required to conduct close air 
                support operations;
                    (B) the effectiveness of blue force in 
                achieving tactical objectives; and
                    (C) the risk of fratricide and collateral 
                damage;
            (2) estimate the costs that would be incurred in 
        transitioning the technology used in the persistent 
        close air support capability to the Army and the Air 
        Force; and
            (3) provide to the congressional defense committees 
        a briefing on the results of the demonstration, the 
        assessment under paragraph (1), and the cost estimates 
        under paragraph (2) by December 1, 2016.

SEC. 233. STRATEGIES FOR ENGAGEMENT WITH HISTORICALLY BLACK COLLEGES 
                    AND UNIVERSITIES AND MINORITY-SERVING INSTITUTIONS 
                    OF HIGHER EDUCATION.

    (a) Basic Research Entities.--
            (1) Strategy.--The heads of each basic research 
        entity shall each develop a strategy for how to engage 
        with and support the development of scientific, 
        technical, engineering, and mathematics capabilities of 
        covered educational institutions in carrying out 
        section 2362 of title 10, United States Code.
            (2) Elements.--Each strategy under paragraph (1) 
        shall include the following:
                    (A) Goals and vision for maintaining a 
                credible and sustainable program relating to 
                the engagement and support under the strategy.
                    (B) Metrics to enhance scientific, 
                technical, engineering, and mathematics 
                capabilities at covered educational 
                institutions, including with respect to 
                measuring progress toward increasing the 
                success of such institutions to compete for 
                broader research funding sources other than 
                set-aside funds.
                    (C) Promotion of mentoring opportunities 
                between covered educational institutions and 
                other research institutions.
                    (D) Regular assessment of activities that 
                are used to develop, maintain, and grow 
                scientific, technical, engineering, and 
                mathematics capabilities.
                    (E) Inclusion of faculty of covered 
                educational institutions into program reviews, 
                peer reviews, and other similar activities.
                    (F) Targeting of undergraduate, graduate, 
                and postgraduate students at covered 
                educational institutions for inclusion into 
                research or internship opportunities within the 
                military department.
    (b) Office of the Secretary.--The Secretary of Defense 
shall develop and implement a strategy for how to engage with 
and support the development of scientific, technical, 
engineering, and mathematics capabilities of covered 
educational institutions pursuant to the strategies developed 
under subsection (a).
    (c) Submission.--
            (1) Basic research entities.--Not later than 180 
        days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the 
        heads of each basic research entity shall each submit 
        to the congressional defense committees the strategy 
        developed by the head under subsection (a)(1).
            (2) Office of the secretary.--Not later than one 
        year after the date of the enactment of this Act, the 
        Secretary of Defense shall submit to the congressional 
        defense committees the strategy developed under 
        subsection (b).
    (d) Covered Institution Defined.--In this section:
            (1) The term ``basic research entity'' means an 
        entity of the Department of Defense that executes 
        research, development, test, and evaluation budget 
        activity 1 funding, as described in the Department of 
        Defense Financial Management Regulation.
            (2) The term ``covered educational institution'' 
        has the meaning given that term in section 2362(e) of 
        title 10, United States Code.

SEC. 234. REPORT ON COMMERCIAL-OFF-THE-SHELF WIDE-AREA SURVEILLANCE 
                    SYSTEMS FOR ARMY TACTICAL UNMANNED AERIAL SYSTEMS.

    (a) Report.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of the Army shall submit 
to the congressional defense committees a report that contains 
the findings of a market survey and assessment of commercial-
off-the-shelf wide-area surveillance sensors operationally 
suitable for insertion into the tactical unmanned aerial 
systems of the Army.
    (b) Elements.--The market survey and assessment contained 
in the report under subsection (a) shall include--
            (1) specific details regarding the capabilities of 
        current and commercial-off-the-shelf wide-area 
        surveillance sensors that are, or could be, used on 
        tactical unmanned aerial systems of the Army, 
        including--
                    (A) daytime and nighttime monitoring 
                coverage;
                    (B) video resolution outputs;
                    (C) bandwidth requirements;
                    (D) activity-based intelligence and 
                forensic capabilities;
                    (E) simultaneous region of interest 
                monitoring capability;
                    (F) interoperability with other sensors and 
                subsystems currently used on such tactical 
                unmanned aerial systems;
                    (G) sensor weight;
                    (H) sensor cost;
                    (I) frame rates;
                    (J) on-board processing capabilities; and
                    (K) any other factors the Secretary 
                considers relevant;
            (2) an assessment of the effect on such tactical 
        unmanned aerial systems due to the insertion of 
        commercial-off-the-shelf wide-area surveillance 
        sensors; and
            (3) recommendations on the advisability and 
        feasibility to upgrade or enhance wide-area 
        surveillance sensors of such tactical unmanned aerial 
        systems, as considered appropriate by the Secretary.
    (c) Form.--The report under subsection (a) may contain a 
classified annex.

SEC. 235. REPORT ON TACTICAL COMBAT TRAINING SYSTEM INCREMENT II.

    (a) Report.--Not later than January 29, 2016, the Secretary 
of the Navy and the Secretary of the Air Force shall submit to 
the congressional defense committees a report on the baseline 
and alternatives to the Tactical Air Combat Training System 
(TCTS) Increment II of the Navy.
    (b) Contents.--The report under subsection (a) shall 
include the following:
            (1) An explanation of the rationale for a new start 
        TCTS II program as compared to an incremental upgrade 
        to the existing TCTS system.
            (2) An estimate of total cost to develop, procure, 
        and replace the existing Department of the Navy TCTS 
        architecture with an encrypted TCTS II compared to 
        upgrades to existing TCTS.
            (3) A cost estimate and schedule comparison of 
        achieving encryption requirements into the existing 
        TCTS program as compared to TCTS II.
            (4) A review of joint Department of the Air Force 
        and the Department of the Navy investment in live-
        virtual-constructive advanced air combat training and 
        planned timeline for inclusion into TCTS II 
        architecture.
            (5) A cost estimate to integrate F-35 aircraft with 
        TCTS II and achieve interoperability between the 
        Department of the Navy and Department of the Air Force.
            (6) A cost estimate for coalition partners to 
        achieve TCTS II interoperability within the Department 
        of Defense.
            (7) An assessment of risks posed by non-
        interoperable TCTS systems within the Department of the 
        Navy and the Department of the Air Force.
            (8) An explanation of the acquisition strategy for 
        the TCTS program.
            (9) An explanation of key performance parameters 
        for the TCTS II program.
            (10) Any other information the Secretary of the 
        Navy and Secretary of the Air Force determine is 
        appropriate to include.

SEC. 236. REPORT ON TECHNOLOGY READINESS LEVELS OF THE TECHNOLOGIES AND 
                    CAPABILITIES CRITICAL TO THE LONG-RANGE STRIKE 
                    BOMBER AIRCRAFT.

    (a) Report Required.--Not later than 180 days after the 
date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense 
shall submit to the congressional defense committees a report 
on the technology readiness levels of the technologies and 
capabilities critical to the long-range strike bomber aircraft.
    (b) Review by Comptroller General of the United States.--
Not later than 60 days after the report of the Secretary is 
submitted under subsection (a), the Comptroller General of the 
United States shall review the report and submit to the 
congressional defense committees an assessment of the matters 
contained in the report.

SEC. 237. ASSESSMENT OF AIR-LAND MOBILE TACTICAL COMMUNICATIONS AND 
                    DATA NETWORK REQUIREMENTS AND CAPABILITIES.

    (a) Assessment Required.--The Director of Cost Assessment 
and Program Evaluation shall seek to enter into a contract with 
a federally funded research and development center to conduct a 
comprehensive assessment of current and future requirements and 
capabilities of the Army with respect to air-land ad hoc, 
mobile tactical communications and data networks, including the 
technological feasibility, suitability, and survivability of 
such networks.
    (b) Elements.--The assessment under subsection (a) shall 
include the following:
            (1) Concepts, capabilities, and capacities of 
        current or future communications and data network 
        systems to meet the requirements of current or future 
        tactical operations effectively, efficiently, and 
        affordably.
            (2) Software requirements and capabilities, 
        particularly with respect to communications and data 
        network waveforms.
            (3) Hardware requirements and capabilities, 
        particularly with respect to receiver and transmission 
        technology, tactical communications, and data radios at 
        all levels and on all platforms, all associated 
        technologies, and their integration, compatibility, and 
        interoperability.
            (4) Any other matters relevant or necessary for a 
        comprehensive assessment of tactical networks or 
        networking in the Warfighter Information Network-
        Tactical (Increments 1 and 2).
    (c) Independent Entity.--The Director shall select a 
federally funded research and development center with direct, 
long-standing, and demonstrated experience and expertise in 
program test and evaluation of concepts, requirements, and 
technologies for joint tactical communications and data 
networking to perform the assessment under subsection (a).
    (d) Report Required.--Not later than April 30, 2016, the 
Secretary of Defense shall submit to the congressional defense 
commitments a report including the findings and recommendations 
of the assessment conducted under subsection (a), together with 
the separate comments of the Secretary of Defense and the 
Secretary of the Army.

SEC. 238. STUDY OF FIELD FAILURES INVOLVING COUNTERFEIT ELECTRONIC 
                    PARTS.

    (a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense shall conduct a 
hardware assurance study to assess the presence, scope, and 
effect on Department of Defense operations of counterfeit 
electronic parts that have passed through the supply chain of 
the Department and into fielded systems.
    (b) Matters Included.--The study under subsection (a) shall 
include the following:
            (1) The technical analysis conducted under 
        paragraph (1) of subsection (c).
            (2) The report on the technical assessment 
        submitted under paragraph (3)(B) of subsection (c).
            (3) Recommendations for such legislative and 
        administrative action, including budget requirements, 
        as the Secretary considers necessary to conduct 
        sampling and technical hardware analyses of counterfeit 
        parts in identified areas of high concern.
    (c) Execution and Technical Analysis.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary shall direct the 
        executive agent for printed circuit board technology 
        designated under section 256(a) of the Duncan Hunter 
        National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2009 
        (Public Law 110-417; 10 U.S.C. 2501 note) to coordinate 
        the execution of the study under subsection (a) using 
        capabilities of the Department in effect on the day 
        before the date of the enactment of this Act to conduct 
        a technical analysis on a sample of failed electronic 
        parts in fielded systems.
            (2) Elements.--The technical analysis required by 
        paragraph (1) shall include the following:
                    (A) The selection of a representative 
                sample of electronic component types, including 
                digital, mixed-signal, and analog integrated 
                circuits.
                    (B) An assessment of the presence of 
                counterfeit parts, including causes and 
                attributes of failures of any identified 
                counterfeit part.
                    (C) For components found to have 
                counterfeit parts, an assessment of the effect 
                of the counterfeit part in the failure 
                mechanism.
                    (D) For cases with counterfeit parts 
                contributing to the failure, a determination of 
                the failure attributes, factors, and effects on 
                subsystem and system level reliability, 
                readiness, and performance.
            (3) Technical assessment.--For any parts assessed 
        under paragraph (2) that demonstrate unusual or 
        suspicious failure mechanisms, the federation 
        established under section 937(a)(1) of the National 
        Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014 (Public 
        Law 113-66; 10 U.S.C. 2224 note) shall--
                    (A) conduct a technical assessment for 
                indications of malicious tampering; and
                    (B) submit to the executive agent described 
                in paragraph (1) a report on the findings of 
                the federation with respect to the technical 
                assessment.
    (d) Report.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than 540 days after the 
        date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall 
        submit to the congressional defense committees a report 
        on the study carried out under subsection (a).
            (2) Contents.--The report required by paragraph (1) 
        shall include the following:
                    (A) The findings of the Secretary with 
                respect to the study conducted under subsection 
                (a).
                    (B) The recommendations developed under 
                subsection (b)(3).

SEC. 239. AIRBORNE DATA LINK PLAN.

    (a) Plan Required.--The Under Secretary of Defense for 
Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics and the Vice Chairman of 
the Joint Chiefs of Staff shall jointly, in consultation with 
the Secretary of the Navy and the Secretary of the Air Force, 
develop a plan--
            (1) to provide objective survivable communications 
        gateways to enable--
                    (A) the secure dissemination of national 
                and tactical intelligence information to 
                fourth-generation fighter aircraft and 
                supporting airborne platforms and to low-
                observable penetrating platforms such as the F-
                22 and F-35 aircraft; and
                    (B) the secure reception and dissemination 
                of sensor data from low-observable penetrating 
                aircraft, such as the F-22 and F-35 aircraft;
            (2) to provide secure data sharing between the 
        fifth-generation fighter aircraft of the Navy, the Air 
        Force, and the Marine Corps, with minimal changes to 
        the outer surfaces of the aircraft and to aircraft 
        operational flight programs; and
            (3) to enable secure data sharing between fifth-
        generation and fourth-generation aircraft in jamming 
        environments.
    (b) Additional Plan Requirements.--The plan under 
subsection (a) shall include non-proprietary and open systems 
approaches that are compatible with the rapid capabilities 
office open mission systems initiative of the Air Force and the 
future airborne capability environment initiative of the Navy.
    (c) Briefing.--Not later than February 15, 2016, the Under 
Secretary and the Vice Chairman shall jointly provide to the 
Committee on Armed Services of the House of Representatives and 
the Committee on Armed Services of the Senate a briefing on the 
plan under subsection (a).

SEC. 240. PLAN FOR ADVANCED WEAPONS TECHNOLOGY WAR GAMES.

    (a) Plan Required.--The Secretary of Defense, in 
coordination with the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, 
shall develop and implement a plan for integrating advanced 
weapons and offset technologies into exercises carried out 
individually and jointly by the military departments to improve 
the development and experimentation of various concepts for 
employment by the Armed Forces.
    (b) Elements.--The plan under subsection (a) shall include 
the following:
            (1) Identification of specific exercises to be 
        carried out individually or jointly by the military 
        departments under the plan.
            (2) Identification of emerging advanced weapons and 
        offset technologies based on joint and individual 
        recommendations of the military departments, including 
        with respect to directed-energy weapons, hypersonic 
        strike systems, autonomous systems, or other 
        technologies as determined by the Secretary.
            (3) A schedule for integrating either prototype 
        capabilities or table-top exercises into relevant 
        exercises.
            (4) A method for capturing lessons learned and 
        providing feedback both to the developers of the 
        advanced weapons and offset technology and the military 
        departments.
    (c) Submission.--Not later than one year after the date of 
the enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall submit to the 
Committees on Armed Services of the House of Representatives 
and the Senate a report containing the plan under subsection 
(a) and a status update on the implementation of such plan.

SEC. 241. INDEPENDENT ASSESSMENT OF F135 ENGINE PROGRAM.

    (a) Assessment.--The Secretary of Defense shall seek to 
enter into a contract with a federally funded research and 
development center to conduct an assessment of the F135 engine 
program.
    (b) Elements.--The assessment under subsection (a) shall 
include the following:
            (1) An assessment of the reliability, growth, and 
        cost-reduction efforts with respect to the F135 engine 
        program, including--
                    (A) a detailed description of the 
                reliability and cost history of the engine;
                    (B) the identification of key reliability 
                and cost challenges to the program as of the 
                date of the assessment; and
                    (C) the identification of any potential 
                options for addressing such challenges.
            (2) In accordance with subsection (c), a thorough 
        assessment of the incident on June 23, 2014, consisting 
        of an F135 engine failure and subsequent fire, 
        including--
                    (A) the identification and definition of 
                the root cause of the incident;
                    (B) the identification of potential actions 
                or design changes needed to address such root 
                cause; and
                    (C) the associated cost, schedule, and 
                performance implications of such incident to 
                both the F135 engine program and the F-35 Joint 
                Strike Fighter program.
    (c) Conduct of Assessment.--The federally funded research 
and development center selected to conduct the assessment under 
subsection (a) shall carry out subsection (b)(2) by analyzing 
data collected by the F-35 Joint Program Office, other elements 
of the Federal Government, or contractors. Nothing in this 
section may be construed as affecting the plans of the 
Secretary to dispose of the aircraft involved in the incident 
described in such subsection (b)(2).
    (d) Report.--Not later than March 15, 2016, the Secretary 
shall submit to the congressional defense committees a report 
containing the assessment conducted under subsection (a).

SEC. 242. COMPTROLLER GENERAL REVIEW OF AUTONOMIC LOGISTICS INFORMATION 
                    SYSTEM FOR F-35 LIGHTNING II AIRCRAFT.

    (a) Report.--Not later than April 1, 2016, the Comptroller 
General of the United States shall submit to the congressional 
defense committees a report on the autonomic logistics 
information system for the F-35 Lightning II aircraft program.
    (b) Elements.--The report under subsection (a) shall 
include, at a minimum, the following:
            (1) The fielding status, in terms of units equipped 
        with various software and hardware configurations, for 
        the autonomic logistics information system element of 
        the F-35 Lightning II aircraft program, as of the date 
        of the report.
            (2) The development schedule for upgrades to the 
        autonomic logistics information system, and an 
        assessment of the ability of the F-35 Lightning II 
        aircraft program to maintain such schedule.
            (3) The views of maintenance personnel and other 
        personnel involved in operating and maintaining F-35 
        Lightning II aircraft in testing and operational units.
            (4) The effect of the autonomic logistics 
        information system program on the operational 
        availability of the F-35 Lightning II aircraft program.
            (5) Improvements, if any, regarding the time 
        required for maintenance personnel to input data and 
        use the autonomic logistics information system.
            (6) The ability of the autonomic logistics 
        information system to be deployed on both ships and to 
        forward land-based locations, including any limitations 
        of such a deployable version.
            (7) The cost estimates for development and fielding 
        of the autonomic logistics information system program 
        and an assessment of the capability of the program to 
        address performance problems within the planned 
        resources.
            (8) Other matters regarding the autonomic logistics 
        information system that the Comptroller General 
        determines of critical importance to the long-term 
        viability of the system.

SEC. 243. SENSE OF CONGRESS REGARDING FACILITATION OF A HIGH QUALITY 
                    TECHNICAL WORKFORCE.

    It is the sense of Congress that the Secretary of Defense 
should explore using existing authorities for promoting 
science, technology, engineering, and mathematics programs, 
such as under section 233 of the Carl Levin and Howard P. 
``Buck'' McKeon National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2015 (Public Law 113-291; 10 U.S.C. 2193a note), to allow 
laboratories of the Department of Defense and federally funded 
research and development centers to help facilitate and shape a 
high quality scientific and technical future workforce that can 
support the needs of the Department.

                  TITLE III--OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE

               Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations

Sec. 301. Authorization of appropriations.

                   Subtitle B--Energy and Environment

Sec. 311. Limitation on procurement of drop-in fuels.
Sec. 312. Southern Sea Otter Military Readiness Areas.
Sec. 313. Modification of energy management reporting requirements.
Sec. 314. Revision to scope of statutorily required review of projects 
          relating to potential obstructions to aviation so as to apply 
          only to energy projects.
Sec. 315. Exclusions from definition of ``chemical substance'' under 
          Toxic Substances Control Act.

                  Subtitle C--Logistics and Sustainment

Sec. 322. Repeal of limitation on authority to enter into a contract for 
          the sustainment, maintenance, repair, or overhaul of the F117 
          engine.
Sec. 323. Pilot programs for availability of working-capital funds for 
          product improvements.

                           Subtitle D--Reports

Sec. 331. Modification of annual report on prepositioned materiel and 
          equipment.
Sec. 332. Report on merger of Office of Assistant Secretary for 
          Operational Energy Plans and Deputy Under Secretary for 
          Installations and Environment.
Sec. 333. Report on equipment purchased noncompetitively from foreign 
          entities.

                        Subtitle E--Other Matters

Sec. 341. Prohibition on contracts making payments for honoring members 
          of the Armed Forces at sporting events.
Sec. 342. Military animals: transfer and adoption.
Sec. 343. Temporary authority to extend contracts and leases under the 
          ARMS Initiative.
Sec. 344. Improvements to Department of Defense excess property 
          disposal.
Sec. 345. Limitation on use of funds for Department of Defense 
          sponsorships, advertising, or marketing associated with 
          sports-related organizations or sporting events.
Sec. 346. Reduction in amounts available for Department of Defense 
          headquarters, administrative, and support activities.

              Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations

SEC. 301. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

    Funds are hereby authorized to be appropriated for fiscal 
year 2016 for the use of the Armed Forces and other activities 
and agencies of the Department of Defense for expenses, not 
otherwise provided for, for operation and maintenance, as 
specified in the funding table in section 4301.

                   Subtitle B--Energy and Environment

SEC. 311. LIMITATION ON PROCUREMENT OF DROP-IN FUELS.

    (a) In General.--Subchapter II of chapter 173 of title 10, 
United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the 
following new section:

``Sec. 2922h. Limitation on procurement of drop-in fuels

    ``(a) Limitation.--Except as provided in subsection (b), 
the Secretary of Defense may not make a bulk purchase of a 
drop-in fuel for operational purposes unless the fully burdened 
cost of that drop-in fuel is cost-competitive with the fully 
burdened cost of a traditional fuel available for the same 
purpose.
    ``(b) Waiver.--(1) Subject to the requirements of paragraph 
(2), the Secretary of Defense may waive the limitation under 
subsection (a) with respect to a purchase.
    ``(2) Not later than 30 days after issuing a waiver under 
this subsection, the Secretary shall submit to the 
congressional defense committees notice of the waiver. Any such 
notice shall include each of the following:
            ``(A) The rationale of the Secretary for issuing 
        the waiver.
            ``(B) A certification that the waiver is in the 
        national security interest of the United States.
            ``(C) The expected fully burdened cost of the 
        purchase for which the waiver is issued.
    ``(c) Definitions.--In this section:
            ``(1) The term `drop-in fuel' means a neat or 
        blended liquid hydrocarbon fuel designed as a direct 
        replacement for a traditional fuel with comparable 
        performance characteristics and compatible with 
        existing infrastructure and equipment.
            ``(2) The term `traditional fuel' means a liquid 
        hydrocarbon fuel derived or refined from petroleum.
            ``(3) The term `operational purposes'--
                    ``(A) means for the purposes of conducting 
                military operations, including training, 
                exercises, large scale demonstrations, and 
                moving and sustaining military forces and 
                military platforms; and
                    ``(B) does not include research, 
                development, testing, evaluation, fuel 
                certification, or other demonstrations.
            ``(4) The term `fully burdened cost' means the 
        commodity price of the fuel plus the total cost of all 
        personnel and assets required to move and, when 
        necessary, protect the fuel from the point at which the 
        fuel is received from the commercial supplier to the 
        point of use.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the 
beginning of such subchapter is amended by inserting after the 
item relating to section 2922g the following new item:

``2922h. Limitation on procurement of drop-in fuels.''.

SEC. 312. SOUTHERN SEA OTTER MILITARY READINESS AREAS.

    (a) Establishment of the Southern Sea Otter Military 
Readiness Areas.--Chapter 631 of title 10, United States Code, 
is amended by adding at the end the following new section:

``Sec. 7235. Establishment of the Southern Sea Otter Military Readiness 
                    Areas

    ``(a) Establishment.--The Secretary of the Navy shall 
establish areas, to be known as `Southern Sea Otter Military 
Readiness Areas', for national defense purposes. Such areas 
shall include each of the following:
            ``(1) The area that includes Naval Base Ventura 
        County, San Nicolas Island, and Begg Rock and the 
        adjacent and surrounding waters within the following 
        coordinates:


 
                       ``N. Latitude/W. Longitude
 
                    3327.8'/11934.3'
                    3320.5'/11915.5'
                    3313.5'/11911.8'
                    3306.5'/11915.3'
                    3302.8'/11926.8'
                    3308.8'/11946.3'
                    3317.2'/11956.9'
                   3330.9'/11954.2'.
 

            ``(2) The area that includes Naval Base Coronado, 
        San Clemente Island and the adjacent and surrounding 
        waters running parallel to shore to 3 nautical miles 
        from the high tide line designated by part 165 of title 
        33, Code of Federal Regulations, on May 20, 2010, as 
        the San Clemente Island 3NM Safety Zone.
    ``(b) Activities Within the Southern Sea Otter Military 
Readiness Areas.--
            ``(1) Incidental takings under endangered species 
        act of 1973.--Sections 4 and 9 of the Endangered 
        Species Act of 1973 (16 U.S.C. 1533, 1538) shall not 
        apply with respect to the incidental taking of any 
        southern sea otter in the Southern Sea Otter Military 
        Readiness Areas in the course of conducting a military 
        readiness activity.
            ``(2) Incidental takings under marine mammal 
        protection act of 1972.--Sections 101 and 102 of the 
        Marine Mammal Protection Act of 1972 (16 U.S.C. 1371, 
        1372) shall not apply with respect to the incidental 
        taking of any southern sea otter in the Southern Sea 
        Otter Military Readiness Areas in the course of 
        conducting a military readiness activity.
            ``(3) Treatment as species proposed to be listed.--
        For purposes of conducting a military readiness 
        activity, any southern sea otter while within the 
        Southern Sea Otter Military Readiness Areas shall be 
        treated for the purposes of section 7 of the Endangered 
        Species Act of 1973 (16 U.S.C. 1536) as a member of a 
        species that is proposed to be listed as an endangered 
        species or a threatened species under section 4 of the 
        Endangered Species Act of 1973 (16 U.S.C. 1533).
    ``(c) Removal.--Nothing in this section or any other 
Federal law shall be construed to require that any southern sea 
otter located within the Southern Sea Otter Military Readiness 
Areas be removed from the Areas.
    ``(d) Revision or Termination of Exceptions.--The Secretary 
of the Interior may revise or terminate the application of 
subsection (b) if the Secretary of the Interior, in 
consultation with the Secretary of the Navy, determines that 
military activities occurring in the Southern Sea Otter 
Military Readiness Areas are impeding the southern sea otter 
conservation or the return of southern sea otters to optimum 
sustainable population levels.
    ``(e) Monitoring.--
            ``(1) In general.--The Secretary of the Navy shall 
        conduct monitoring and research within the Southern Sea 
        Otter Military Readiness Areas to determine the effects 
        of military readiness activities on the growth or 
        decline of the southern sea otter population and on the 
        near-shore ecosystem. Monitoring and research 
        parameters and methods shall be determined in 
        consultation with the Service.
            ``(2) Reports.--Not later than 24 months after the 
        date of the enactment of this section and every three 
        years thereafter, the Secretary of the Navy shall 
        report to Congress and the public on monitoring 
        undertaken pursuant to paragraph (1).
    ``(f) Definitions.--In this section:
            ``(1) Southern sea otter.--The term `southern sea 
        otter' means any member of the subspecies Enhydra 
        lutris nereis.
            ``(2) Take.--The term `take'--
                    ``(A) when used in reference to activities 
                subject to regulation by the Endangered Species 
                Act of 1973 (16 U.S.C. 1531 et seq.), shall 
                have the meaning given such term in that Act; 
                and
                    ``(B) when used in reference to activities 
                subject to regulation by the Marine Mammal 
                Protection Act of 1972 (16 U.S.C. 1361 et seq.) 
                shall have the meaning given such term in that 
                Act.
            ``(3) Incidental taking.--The term `incidental 
        taking' means any take of a southern sea otter that is 
        incidental to, and not the purpose of, the carrying out 
        of an otherwise lawful activity.
            ``(4) Military readiness activity.--The term 
        `military readiness activity' has the meaning given 
        that term in section 315(f) of the Bob Stump National 
        Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2003 (16 
        U.S.C. 703 note) and includes all training and 
        operations of the armed forces that relate to combat 
        and the adequate and realistic testing of military 
        equipment, vehicles, weapons, and sensors for proper 
        operation and suitability for combat use.
            ``(5) Optimum sustainable population.--The term 
        `optimum sustainable population' means, with respect to 
        any population stock, the number of animals that will 
        result in the maximum productivity of the population or 
        the species, keeping in mind the carrying capacity of 
        the habitat and the health of the ecosystem of which 
        they form a constituent element.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the 
beginning of such chapter is amended by adding at the end the 
following new item:

``7235. Establishment of the Southern Sea Otter Military Readiness 
          Areas.''.

SEC. 313. MODIFICATION OF ENERGY MANAGEMENT REPORTING REQUIREMENTS.

    Section 2925(a) of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended--
            (1) by striking paragraphs (4) and (7);
            (2) by redesignating paragraphs (5), (6), (8), (9), 
        (10), (11), and (12) as paragraphs (4), (5), (6), (7), 
        (8), (9), and (10), respectively;
            (3) by amending paragraph (7), as redesignated by 
        paragraph (2) of this section, to read as follows:
            ``(7) A description and estimate of the progress 
        made by the military departments in meeting current 
        high performance and sustainable building standards 
        under the Unified Facilities Criteria.'';
            (4) by amending paragraph (9), as redesignated by 
        such paragraph (2), to read as follows:
            ``(9) Details of all commercial utility outages 
        caused by threats and those caused by hazards at 
        military installations that last eight hours or longer, 
        whether or not the outage was mitigated by backup 
        power, including non-commercial utility outages and 
        Department of Defense-owned infrastructure, including 
        the total number and location of outages, the financial 
        impact of the outages, and measure taken to mitigate 
        outages in the future at the affected locations and 
        across the Department of Defense.''; and
            (5) by adding at the end the following new 
        paragraph:
            ``(11) At the discretion of the Secretary of 
        Defense, a classified annex, as appropriate.''.

SEC. 314. REVISION TO SCOPE OF STATUTORILY REQUIRED REVIEW OF PROJECTS 
                    RELATING TO POTENTIAL OBSTRUCTIONS TO AVIATION SO 
                    AS TO APPLY ONLY TO ENERGY PROJECTS.

    (a) Scope of Section.--Section 358 of the Ike Skelton 
National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2011 (Public 
Law 111-383; 124 Stat. 4198; 49 U.S.C. 44718 note) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (c)(3), by striking ``from State 
        and local officials or the developer of a renewable 
        energy development or other energy project'' and 
        inserting ``from a State government, an Indian tribal 
        government, a local government, a landowner, or the 
        developer of an energy project'';
            (2) in subsection (c)(4), by striking ``readiness, 
        and'' and all that follows and inserting ``readiness 
        and to clearly communicate to such parties actions 
        being taken by the Department of Defense under this 
        section.'';
            (3) in subsection (d)(2)(B), by striking ``as high, 
        medium, or low'';
            (4) by redesignating subsection (j) as subsection 
        (k); and
            (5) by inserting after subsection (i) the following 
        new subsection (j):
    ``(j) Applicability of Section.--This section does not 
apply to a non-energy project.''.
    (b) Definitions.--Subsection (k) of such section, as 
redesignated by paragraph (4) of subsection (a), is amended by 
adding at the end the following new paragraphs:
            ``(4) The term `energy project' means a project 
        that provides for the generation or transmission of 
        electrical energy.
            ``(5) The term `non-energy project' means a project 
        that is not an energy project.
            ``(6) The term `landowner' means a person or other 
        legal entity that owns a fee interest in real property 
        on which a proposed energy project is planned to be 
        located.''.

SEC. 315. EXCLUSIONS FROM DEFINITION OF ``CHEMICAL SUBSTANCE'' UNDER 
                    TOXIC SUBSTANCES CONTROL ACT.

    Section 3(2)(B)(v) of the Toxic Substances Control Act (15 
U.S.C. 2602(2)(B)(v)) is amended by striking ``, and'' and 
inserting ``and any component of such an article (limited to 
shot shells, cartridges, and components of shot shells and 
cartridges), and''.

                 Subtitle C--Logistics and Sustainment

SEC. 322. REPEAL OF LIMITATION ON AUTHORITY TO ENTER INTO A CONTRACT 
                    FOR THE SUSTAINMENT, MAINTENANCE, REPAIR, OR 
                    OVERHAUL OF THE F117 ENGINE.

    Section 341 of the Carl Levin and Howard P. ``Buck'' McKeon 
National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2015 (Public 
Law 113-291; 128 Stat. 3345) is repealed.

SEC. 323. PILOT PROGRAMS FOR AVAILABILITY OF WORKING-CAPITAL FUNDS FOR 
                    PRODUCT IMPROVEMENTS.

    (a) Pilot Programs Required.--During fiscal year 2016, each 
of the Assistant Secretary of the Army for Acquisition, 
Logistics, and Technology, the Assistant Secretary of the Navy 
for Research, Development, and Acquisition, and the Assistant 
Secretary of the Air Force for Acquisition shall initiate a 
pilot program pursuant to section 330 of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2008 (Public Law 110-181; 122 
Stat. 68), as amended by section 332 of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2013 (Public Law 112-239; 126 
Stat. 1697).
    (b) Limitation on Availability of Funds.--A minimum of 
$5,000,000 of working-capital funds shall be used for each of 
the pilot programs initiated under subsection (a) for fiscal 
year 2016.

                          Subtitle D--Reports

SEC. 331. MODIFICATION OF ANNUAL REPORT ON PREPOSITIONED MATERIEL AND 
                    EQUIPMENT.

    Section 2229a(a)(8) of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended to read as follows:
            ``(8) A list of any equipment used in support of 
        contingency operations slated for retrograde and 
        subsequent inclusion in the prepositioned stocks.''.

SEC. 332. REPORT ON MERGER OF OFFICE OF ASSISTANT SECRETARY FOR 
                    OPERATIONAL ENERGY PLANS AND DEPUTY UNDER SECRETARY 
                    FOR INSTALLATIONS AND ENVIRONMENT.

    The Secretary of Defense shall submit to Congress a report 
on the merger of the Office of the Assistant Secretary of 
Defense for Operational Energy Plans and the Office of the 
Deputy Under Secretary of Defense for Installations and 
Environment under section 901 of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2015 (Public Law 113-291; 128 
Stat. 3462). Such report shall include--
            (1) a description of how the office is implementing 
        its responsibilities under sections 138(b)(9), 138(c), 
        and 2925(b) of title 10, United States Code, and 
        Department of Defense Directives 5134.15 (Assistant 
        Secretary of Defense for Operational Energy Plans and 
        Programs) and 4280.01 (Department of Defense Energy 
        Policy);
            (2) a description of any efficiencies achieved as a 
        result of the merger; and
            (3) the number of Department of Defense personnel 
        whose responsibilities are focused on energy matters 
        specifically.

SEC. 333. REPORT ON EQUIPMENT PURCHASED NONCOMPETITIVELY FROM FOREIGN 
                    ENTITIES.

    (a) Report Required.--Not later than March 30, 2016, the 
Secretary of Defense shall submit to the congressional defense 
committees a report containing a list of each contract awarded 
to a foreign entity outside of the national technology and 
industrial base, as described in section 2505(c) of title 10, 
United States Code, by the Department of Defense during fiscal 
years 2011 through 2015--
            (1) using procedures other than competitive 
        procedures; and
            (2) for the procurement of equipment, weapons, 
        weapons systems, components, subcomponents, or end-
        items with a value of $10,000,000 or more.
    (b) Elements of Report.--The report required by subsection 
(a) shall include, for each contract listed, each of the 
following:
            (1) An identification of the items purchased under 
        the contract--
                    (A) described in section 8302(a)(1) of 
                title 41, United States Code, and purchased 
                from a foreign manufacturer by reason of an 
                exception under section 8302(a)(2)(A) or 
                section 8302(a)(2)(B) of such title;
                    (B) described in section 2533b(a)(1) of 
                title 10, United States Code, and purchased 
                from a foreign manufacturer by reason of an 
                exception under section 2533b(b); and
                    (C) described in section 2534(a) of such 
                title and purchased from a foreign manufacturer 
                by reason of a waiver exercised under paragraph 
                (1), (2), (4), or (5) of section 2534(d) of 
                such title.
            (2) The rationale for using the exception or 
        waiver.
            (3) A list of potential alternative manufacturing 
        sources from the public and private sector that could 
        be developed to establish competition for those items.

                       Subtitle E--Other Matters

SEC. 341. PROHIBITION ON CONTRACTS MAKING PAYMENTS FOR HONORING MEMBERS 
                    OF THE ARMED FORCES AT SPORTING EVENTS.

    (a) Prohibition.--Subchapter I of chapter 134 of title 10, 
United States Code, is amended by inserting after section 2241a 
the following new section:

``Sec. 2241b. Prohibition on contracts providing payments for 
                    activities at sporting events to honor members of 
                    the armed forces

    ``(a) Prohibition.--The Department of Defense may not enter 
into any contract or other agreement under which payments are 
to be made in exchange for activities by the contractor 
intended to honor, or giving the appearance of honoring, 
members of the armed forces (whether members of the regular 
components or the reserve components) at any form of sporting 
event.
    ``(b) Construction.--Nothing in subsection (a) shall be 
construed as prohibiting the Department of Defense from taking 
actions to facilitate activities intended to honor members of 
the armed forces at sporting events that are provided on a pro 
bono basis or otherwise funded with non-Federal funds if such 
activities are provided and received in accordance with 
applicable rules and regulations regarding the acceptance of 
gifts by the military departments, the armed forces, and 
members of the armed forces.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the 
beginning of subchapter I of chapter 134 of title 10, United 
States Code, is amended by inserting after the item relating to 
section 2241a the following new item:

``2241b. Prohibition on contracts providing payments for activities at 
          sporting events to honor members of the armed forces.''.

SEC. 342. MILITARY ANIMALS: TRANSFER AND ADOPTION.

    (a) Availability for Adoption.--Section 2583(a) of title 
10, United States Code, is amended by striking ``may'' in the 
matter preceding paragraph (1) and inserting ``shall''.
    (b) Authorized Recipients.--Subsection (c) of section 2583 
of title 10, United States Code, is amended to read as follows:
    ``(c) Authorized Recipients.--(1) A military animal shall 
be made available for adoption under this section, in order of 
recommended priority--
            ``(A) by former handlers of the animal;
            ``(B) by other persons capable of humanely caring 
        for the animal; and
            ``(C) by law enforcement agencies.
    ``(2) If the Secretary of the military department concerned 
determines that an adoption is justified under subsection 
(a)(2) under circumstances under which the handler of a 
military working dog is wounded in action, the dog shall be 
made available for adoption only by the handler. If the 
Secretary of the military department concerned determines that 
such an adoption is justified under circumstances under which 
the handler of a military working dog is killed in action or 
dies of wounds received in action, the military working dog 
shall be made available for adoption only by a parent, child, 
spouse, or sibling of the deceased handler.''.
    (c) Transfer for Adoption.--Subsection (f) of section 2583 
of title 10, United States Code, is amended in the matter 
preceding paragraph (1) by striking ``may transfer'' and 
inserting ``shall transfer''.
    (d) Location of Retirement.--Subsection (f) of such section 
is further amended--
            (1) by redesignating paragraphs (1) and (2) as 
        subparagraphs (A) and (B), respectively;
            (2) by inserting ``(1)'' before ``If the 
        Secretary'';
            (3) in paragraph (1), as designated by paragraph 
        (2) of this subsection--
                    (A) by striking ``, and no suitable 
                adoption is available at the military facility 
                where the dog is located,''; and
                    (B) in subparagraph (B), as designated by 
                paragraph (1) of this subsection, by inserting 
                ``within the United States'' after ``to another 
                location''; and
            (4) by adding at the end the following new 
        paragraph (2):
    ``(2) Paragraph (1) shall not apply if at the time of 
retirement--
            ``(A) the dog is located outside the United States 
        and a United States citizen or service member living 
        abroad adopts the dog; or
            ``(B) the dog is located within the United States 
        and suitable adoption is available where the dog is 
        located.''.
    (e) Preference in Adoption for Former Handlers.--Such 
section is further amended--
            (1) by redesignating subsection (g) as subsection 
        (h); and
            (2) by inserting after subsection (f) the following 
        new subsection (g):
    ``(g) Preference in Adoption of Retired Military Working 
Dogs for Former Handlers.--(1) In providing for the adoption 
under this section of a retired military working dog described 
in paragraph (1) or (3) of subsection (a), the Secretary of the 
military department concerned shall accord a preference to the 
former handler of the dog unless the Secretary determines that 
adoption of the dog by the former handler would not be in the 
best interests of the dog.
    ``(2) In the case of a dog covered by paragraph (1) with 
more than one former handler seeking adoption of the dog at the 
time of adoption, the Secretary shall provide for the adoption 
of the dog by such former handler whose adoption of the dog 
will best serve the interests of the dog and such former 
handlers. The Secretary shall make any determination required 
by this paragraph with respect to a dog following consultation 
with the kennel master of the unit at which the dog was last 
located before adoption under this section.
    ``(3) Nothing in this subsection shall be construed as 
altering, revising, or overriding any policy of a military 
department for the adoption of military working dogs by law 
enforcement agencies before the end of the dogs' useful 
lives.''.

SEC. 343. TEMPORARY AUTHORITY TO EXTEND CONTRACTS AND LEASES UNDER THE 
                    ARMS INITIATIVE.

    Contracts or subcontracts entered into pursuant to section 
4554(a)(3)(A) of title 10, United States Code, on or before the 
date that is five years after the date of the enactment of this 
Act may include an option to extend the term of the contract or 
subcontract for an additional 25 years.

SEC. 344. IMPROVEMENTS TO DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE EXCESS PROPERTY 
                    DISPOSAL.

    (a) Plan Required.--Not later than March 15, 2016, the 
Secretary of Defense shall submit to the congressional defense 
committees a plan for the improved management and oversight of 
the systems, processes, and controls involved in the 
disposition of excess non-mission essential equipment and 
materiel by the Defense Logistics Agency Disposition Services.
    (b) Contents of Plan.--At a minimum, the plan shall address 
each of the following:
            (1) Backlogs of unprocessed property at disposition 
        sites that do not meet Defense Logistics Agency 
        Disposition Services goals.
            (2) Customer wait times.
            (3) Procedures governing the disposal of 
        serviceable items in order to prevent the destruction 
        of excess property eligible for utilization, transfer, 
        or donation before potential recipients are able to 
        view and obtain the property.
            (4) Validation of materiel release orders.
            (5) Assuring adequate physical security for the 
        storage of equipment.
            (6) The number of personnel required to effectively 
        manage retrograde sort yards.
            (7) Managing any potential increase in the amount 
        of excess property to be processed.
            (8) Improving the reliability of Defense Logistics 
        Agency Disposition Services data.
            (9) Procedures for ensuring no property is offered 
        for public sale until all requirements for utilization, 
        transfer, and donation are met.
            (10) Validation of physical inventory against 
        database entries.
    (c) Congressional Briefing.--By not later than March 15, 
2016, the Secretary shall provide to the congressional defense 
committees a briefing on the actions taken to implement the 
plan required under subsection (a).

SEC. 345. LIMITATION ON USE OF FUNDS FOR DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE 
                    SPONSORSHIPS, ADVERTISING, OR MARKETING ASSOCIATED 
                    WITH SPORTS-RELATED ORGANIZATIONS OR SPORTING 
                    EVENTS.

    Of the amounts authorized to be appropriated for the 
Department of Defense by this Act or otherwise made available 
to the Department for sponsorship, advertising, or marketing 
associated with sports-related organizations or sporting 
events, not more than 75 percent may be obligated or expended 
until the date on which the Under Secretary of Defense for 
Personnel and Readiness, in consultation with the Director of 
Accessions Policy--
            (1) conducts a review of current contracts and task 
        orders for such sponsorships, advertising, and 
        marketing (as awarded by the regular and reserve 
        components of the Armed Forces) in order to assess--
                    (A) whether such sponsorships, advertising, 
                and marketing are effective in meeting the 
                recruiting objectives of the Department;
                    (B) whether consistent metrics are used to 
                evaluate the effectiveness of each such 
                activity in generating leads and recruit 
                accessions; and
                    (C) whether the return on investment for 
                such activities is sufficient to warrant the 
                continuing use of Department funds for such 
                activities; and
            (2) submits to the Committees on Armed Services of 
        the Senate and the House of Representatives a report 
        that includes--
                    (A) a description of the actions being 
                taken to coordinate efforts of the Department 
                relating to such sponsorships, advertising, and 
                marketing, and to minimize duplicative 
                contracts for such sponsorships, advertising, 
                and marketing, as applicable; and
                    (B) the results of the review required by 
                paragraph (1), including an assessment of the 
                extent to which the continuing use of 
                Department funds for such sponsorships, 
                advertising, and marketing is warranted in 
                light of the review and the actions described 
                pursuant to subparagraph (A).

SEC. 346. REDUCTION IN AMOUNTS AVAILABLE FOR DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE 
                    HEADQUARTERS, ADMINISTRATIVE, AND SUPPORT 
                    ACTIVITIES.

    (a) Plan for Achievement of Cost Savings.--
            (1) In general.--Commencing not later than 120 days 
        after the date of the enactment of this Act, the 
        Secretary of Defense shall implement a plan to ensure 
        that the Department of Defense achieves not less than 
        $10,000,000,000 in cost savings from the headquarters, 
        administrative, and support activities of the 
        Department during the period beginning with fiscal year 
        2015 and ending with fiscal year 2019. The Secretary 
        shall ensure that at least one half of the required 
        cost savings are programmed for fiscal years before 
        fiscal year 2018.
            (2) Treatment of savings pursuant to headquarters 
        reduction.--Documented savings achieved pursuant to the 
        headquarters reduction requirement in subsection (b), 
        other than savings achieved in fiscal year 2020, shall 
        count toward the cost savings required by paragraph 
        (1).
            (3) Treatment of savings pursuant to management 
        activities.--Documented savings in the human resources 
        management, health care management, financial flow 
        management, information technology infrastructure and 
        management, supply chain and logistics, acquisition and 
        procurement, and real property management activities of 
        the Department during the period referred to in 
        paragraph (1) may be counted toward the cost savings 
        required by paragraph (1).
            (4) Treatment of savings pursuant to force 
        structure revisions.--Savings or reductions to military 
        force structure or military operating units of the 
        Armed Forces may not count toward the cost savings 
        required by paragraph (1).
            (5) Reports.--The Secretary shall include with the 
        budget for the Department of Defense for each of fiscal 
        years 2017, 2018, and 2019, as submitted to Congress 
        pursuant to section 1105 of title 31, United States 
        Code, a report describing and assessing the progress of 
        the Department in implementing the plan required by 
        paragraph (1) and in achieving the cost savings 
        required by that paragraph.
            (6) Comptroller general assessments.--Not later 
        than 90 days after the submittal of each report 
        required by paragraph (5), the Comptroller General of 
        the United States shall submit to the congressional 
        defense committees a report setting forth the 
        assessment of the Comptroller General of the report and 
        of the extent to which the Department of Defense is in 
        compliance with the requirements of this section.
    (b) Headquarters Reductions.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than 90 days after the 
        date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of 
        Defense shall modify the headquarters reduction plan 
        required by section 904 of the National Defense 
        Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014 (Public Law 113-
        66; 127 Stat. 816; 10 U.S.C. 111 note) to ensure that 
        it achieves savings in the total funding available for 
        major Department of Defense headquarters activities by 
        fiscal year 2020 that are not less than 25 percent of 
        the baseline amount. The modified plan shall establish 
        a specific savings objective for each major 
        headquarters activity in each fiscal year through 
        fiscal year 2020. The budget for the Department of 
        Defense for each fiscal year after fiscal year 2016 
        shall reflect the savings required by the modified 
        plan.
            (2) Baseline amount.--For the purposes of this 
        subsection, the baseline amount is the amount 
        authorized to be appropriated by this Act for fiscal 
        year 2016 for major Department of Defense headquarters 
        activities, adjusted by a credit for reductions in such 
        headquarters activities that are documented, as of the 
        date that is 90 days after the date of the enactment of 
        this Act, as having been accomplished in earlier fiscal 
        years in accordance with the December 2013 directive of 
        the Secretary of Defense on headquarters reductions. 
        The modified plan issued pursuant to paragraph (1) 
        shall include an overall baseline amount for all of the 
        major Department of Defense headquarters activities 
        that credits reductions accomplished in earlier fiscal 
        years in accordance with the December 2013 directive, 
        and a specific baseline amount for each such 
        headquarters activity that credits such reductions.
            (3) Major department of defense headquarters 
        activities defined.--In this subsection, the term 
        ``major Department of Defense headquarters activities'' 
        means the following:
                    (A) Each of the following organizations:
                            (i) The Office of the Secretary of 
                        Defense and the Joint Staff.
                            (ii) The Office of the Secretary of 
                        the Army and the Army Staff.
                            (iii) The Office of the Secretary 
                        of the Navy, the Office of the Chief of 
                        Naval Operations, and Headquarters, 
                        Marine Corps.
                            (iv) The Office of the Secretary of 
                        the Air Force and the Air Staff.
                            (v) The Office of the Chief, 
                        National Guard Bureau, and the National 
                        Guard Joint Staff.
                    (B)(i) Except as provided in clause (ii), 
                headquarters elements of each of the following:
                            (I) The combatant commands, the 
                        sub-unified commands, and subordinate 
                        commands that directly report to such 
                        commands.
                            (II) The major commands of the 
                        military departments and the 
                        subordinate commands that directly 
                        report to such commands.
                            (III) The component commands of the 
                        military departments.
                            (IV) The Defense Agencies, the 
                        Department of Defense field activities, 
                        and the Office of the Inspector General 
                        of the Department of Defense.
                            (V) Department of Defense 
                        components that report directly to the 
                        organizations specified in subparagraph 
                        (A).
                    (ii) Subordinate commands and direct-
                reporting components otherwise described in 
                clause (i) that do not have significant 
                functions other than operational, operational 
                intelligence, or tactical functions, or 
                training for operational, operational 
                intelligence, or tactical functions, are not 
                headquarters elements for purposes of this 
                subsection.
            (4) Implementation.--Not later than 120 days after 
        the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary 
        shall revise applicable guidance on the Department of 
        Defense major headquarters activities as needed to--
                    (A) incorporate into such guidance the 
                definition of the term ``major Department of 
                Defense headquarters activities'' as provided 
                in paragraph (3);
                    (B) ensure that the term ``headquarters 
                element'', as used in paragraph (3)(B), is 
                consistently applied within such guidance to 
                include--
                            (i) senior leadership and staff 
                        functions of applicable commands and 
                        components; and
                            (ii) direct support to senior 
                        leadership and staff functions of 
                        applicable commands and components and 
                        to higher headquarters;
                    (C) ensure that the budget and accounting 
                systems of the Department of Defense are 
                modified to track funding for the major 
                Department of Defense headquarters activities 
                as separate funding lines; and
                    (D) identify and address any deviation from 
                the specific savings objective established for 
                a headquarters activity in the modified plan 
                issued by the Secretary pursuant to the 
                requirement in paragraph (1).
    (c) Comprehensive Review of Headquarters and Administrative 
and Support Activities.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
        conduct a comprehensive review of the management and 
        operational headquarters of the Department of Defense 
        for purposes of consolidating and streamlining 
        headquarters functions and administrative and support 
        activities.
            (2) Elements.--The review required by paragraph (1) 
        shall address the following:
                    (A) The extent, if any, to which the staff 
                of the Secretaries of the military departments 
                and the Chiefs of Staff of the Armed Forces 
                have duplicative staff functions and services 
                and could be consolidated into a single service 
                staff.
                    (B) The extent, if any, to which the staff 
                of the Office of the Secretary of Defense, the 
                military departments, the Defense Agencies, and 
                temporary organizations have duplicative staff 
                functions and services and could be streamlined 
                with respect to--
                            (i) performing oversight and making 
                        policy;
                            (ii) performing staff functions and 
                        services specific to the military 
                        department concerned;
                            (iii) performing multi-department 
                        staff functions and services; and
                            (iv) performing functions and 
                        services across the Department of 
                        Defense with respect to intelligence 
                        collection and analysis.
                    (C) The extent, if any, to which the Joint 
                Staff, the combatant commands, and their 
                subordinate service component commands have 
                duplicative staff functions and services that 
                could be shared, consolidated, eliminated, or 
                otherwise streamlined with--
                            (i) the Joint Staff performing 
                        oversight and execution;
                            (ii) the staff of the combatant 
                        commands performing only staff 
                        functions and services specific to the 
                        combatant command concerned; and
                            (iii) the staff of the service 
                        component commands of the combatant 
                        commands performing only staff 
                        functions and services specific to the 
                        service component command concerned.
                    (D) The extent, if any, to which reductions 
                in military and civilian end-strength in 
                management or operational headquarters could be 
                used to create, build, or fill shortages in 
                force structure for operational units.
                    (E) The extent, if any, to which revisions 
                are required to the Defense Officers Personnel 
                Management Act, including requirements for 
                officers to serve in joint billets, the number 
                of qualifying billets, the rank structure in 
                the joint billets, and the joint qualification 
                requirement for officers to be promoted while 
                serving for extensive periods in critical 
                positions such as program managers of major 
                defense acquisition programs, and officers in 
                units of component forces supporting joint 
                commands, in order to achieve efficiencies, 
                provide promotion fairness and equity, and 
                obtain effective governance in the management 
                of the Department of Defense.
                    (F) The structure and staffing of the Joint 
                Staff, and the number, structure, and staffing 
                of the combatant commands and their subordinate 
                service component commands, including, in 
                particular--
                            (i) whether or not the staff 
                        organization of each such entity has 
                        documented and periodically validated 
                        requirements for such entity;
                            (ii) whether or not there are an 
                        appropriate number of combatant 
                        commands relative to the requirements 
                        of the National Security Strategy, the 
                        Quadrennial Defense Review, and the 
                        National Military Strategy; and
                            (iii) whether or not opportunities 
                        exist to consolidate staff functions 
                        and services common to the Joint Staff 
                        and the service component commands into 
                        a single staff organization that 
                        provides the required functions, 
                        services, capabilities, and capacities 
                        to the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of 
                        Staff and supported combatant 
                        commanders, and if so--
                                    (I) where in the 
                                organizational structure such 
                                staff functions, services, 
                                capabilities, and capacities 
                                would be established; and
                                    (II) whether or not the 
                                military departments could 
                                execute such staff functions, 
                                services, capabilities, and 
                                capacities while executing 
                                their requirements to organize, 
                                train, and equip the Armed 
                                Forces.
                    (G) The statutory and regulatory authority 
                of the combatant commands to establish 
                subordinate joint commands or headquarters, 
                including joint task forces, led by a general 
                or flag officer, and the extent, if any, to 
                which the combatant commands have used such 
                authority--
                            (i) to establish temporary or 
                        permanent subordinate joint commands or 
                        headquarters, including joint task 
                        forces, led by general or flag 
                        officers;
                            (ii) to disestablish temporary or 
                        permanent subordinate joint commands or 
                        headquarters, including joint task 
                        forces, led by general or flag 
                        officers;
                            (iii) to increase requirements for 
                        general and flag officers in the joint 
                        pool which are exempt from the end 
                        strength limitations otherwise 
                        applicable to general and flag officers 
                        in the Armed Forces;
                            (iv) to participate in the 
                        management of joint officer 
                        qualification in order to ensure the 
                        efficient and effective quality and 
                        quantity of officers needed to staff 
                        headquarters functions and services and 
                        return to the services officers with 
                        required professional experience and 
                        skills necessary to remain competitive 
                        for increased responsibility and 
                        authority through subsequent assignment 
                        or promotion, including by 
                        identifying--
                                    (I) circumstances, if any, 
                                in which officers spend a 
                                disproportionate amount of time 
                                in their careers to attain 
                                joint officer qualifications 
                                with corresponding loss of 
                                opportunities to develop in the 
                                service-specific assignments 
                                needed to gain the increased 
                                proficiency and experience to 
                                qualify for service and command 
                                assignments; and
                                    (II) circumstances, if any, 
                                in which the military 
                                departments detail officers to 
                                joint headquarters staffs in 
                                order to maximize the number of 
                                officers receiving joint duty 
                                credit with a focus on the 
                                quantity, instead of the 
                                quality, of officers achieving 
                                joint duty credit;
                            (v) to establish commanders' 
                        strategic planning groups, advisory 
                        groups, or similar parallel personal 
                        staff entities that could risk 
                        isolating function and staff processes, 
                        including an assessment of the 
                        justification used to establish such 
                        personal staff organizations and their 
                        impact on the effectiveness and 
                        efficiency of organizational staff 
                        functions, services, capabilities, and 
                        capacities; and
                            (vi) to ensure the identification 
                        and management of officers serving or 
                        having served in units in subordinate 
                        service component or joint commands 
                        during combat operations and did not 
                        receive joint credit for such service.
            (3) Consultation.--The Secretary shall, to the 
        extent practicable and as the Secretary considers 
        appropriate, conduct the review required by paragraph 
        (1) in consultation with such experts on matters 
        covered by the review who are independent of the 
        Department of Defense.
            (4) Report.--Not later than March 1, 2016, the 
        Secretary shall submit to the congressional defense 
        committees a report setting forth the results of the 
        review required by paragraph (1).

              TITLE IV--MILITARY PERSONNEL AUTHORIZATIONS

                        Subtitle A--Active Forces

Sec. 401. End strengths for active forces.
Sec. 402. Revisions in permanent active duty end strength minimum 
          levels.

                       Subtitle B--Reserve Forces

Sec. 411. End strengths for Selected Reserve.
Sec. 412. End strengths for reserves on active duty in support of the 
          reserves.
Sec. 413. End strengths for military technicians (dual status).
Sec. 414. Fiscal year 2016 limitation on number of non-dual status 
          technicians.
Sec. 415. Maximum number of reserve personnel authorized to be on active 
          duty for operational support.

               Subtitle C--Authorization of Appropriations

Sec. 421. Military personnel.
Sec. 422. Report on force structure of the Army.

                       Subtitle A--Active Forces

SEC. 401. END STRENGTHS FOR ACTIVE FORCES.

    The Armed Forces are authorized strengths for active duty 
personnel as of September 30, 2016, as follows:
            (1) The Army, 475,000.
            (2) The Navy, 329,200.
            (3) The Marine Corps, 184,000.
            (4) The Air Force, 320,715.

SEC. 402. REVISIONS IN PERMANENT ACTIVE DUTY END STRENGTH MINIMUM 
                    LEVELS.

    Section 691 of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in subsection (b), by striking paragraphs (1) 
        through (4) and inserting the following new paragraphs:
            ``(1) For the Army, 475,000.
            ``(2) For the Navy, 329,200.
            ``(3) For the Marine Corps, 184,000.
            ``(4) For the Air Force, 317,000.''; and
            (2) in subsection (e), by striking ``0.5 percent'' 
        and inserting ``2 percent''.

                       Subtitle B--Reserve Forces

SEC. 411. END STRENGTHS FOR SELECTED RESERVE.

    (a) In General.--The Armed Forces are authorized strengths 
for Selected Reserve personnel of the reserve components as of 
September 30, 2016, as follows:
            (1) The Army National Guard of the United States, 
        342,000.
            (2) The Army Reserve, 198,000.
            (3) The Navy Reserve, 57,400.
            (4) The Marine Corps Reserve, 38,900.
            (5) The Air National Guard of the United States, 
        105,500.
            (6) The Air Force Reserve, 69,200.
            (7) The Coast Guard Reserve, 7,000.
    (b) End Strength Reductions.--The end strengths prescribed 
by subsection (a) for the Selected Reserve of any reserve 
component shall be proportionately reduced by--
            (1) the total authorized strength of units 
        organized to serve as units of the Selected Reserve of 
        such component which are on active duty (other than for 
        training) at the end of the fiscal year; and
            (2) the total number of individual members not in 
        units organized to serve as units of the Selected 
        Reserve of such component who are on active duty (other 
        than for training or for unsatisfactory participation 
        in training) without their consent at the end of the 
        fiscal year.
    (c) End Strength Increases.--Whenever units or individual 
members of the Selected Reserve of any reserve component are 
released from active duty during any fiscal year, the end 
strength prescribed for such fiscal year for the Selected 
Reserve of such reserve component shall be increased 
proportionately by the total authorized strengths of such units 
and by the total number of such individual members.

SEC. 412. END STRENGTHS FOR RESERVES ON ACTIVE DUTY IN SUPPORT OF THE 
                    RESERVES.

    Within the end strengths prescribed in section 411(a), the 
reserve components of the Armed Forces are authorized, as of 
September 30, 2016, the following number of Reserves to be 
serving on full-time active duty or full-time duty, in the case 
of members of the National Guard, for the purpose of 
organizing, administering, recruiting, instructing, or training 
the reserve components:
            (1) The Army National Guard of the United States, 
        30,770.
            (2) The Army Reserve, 16,261.
            (3) The Navy Reserve, 9,934.
            (4) The Marine Corps Reserve, 2,260.
            (5) The Air National Guard of the United States, 
        14,748.
            (6) The Air Force Reserve, 3,032.

SEC. 413. END STRENGTHS FOR MILITARY TECHNICIANS (DUAL STATUS).

    The minimum number of military technicians (dual status) as 
of the last day of fiscal year 2016 for the reserve components 
of the Army and the Air Force (notwithstanding section 129 of 
title 10, United States Code) shall be the following:
            (1) For the Army National Guard of the United 
        States, 26,099.
            (2) For the Army Reserve, 7,395.
            (3) For the Air National Guard of the United 
        States, 22,104.
            (4) For the Air Force Reserve, 9,814.

SEC. 414. FISCAL YEAR 2016 LIMITATION ON NUMBER OF NON-DUAL STATUS 
                    TECHNICIANS.

    (a) Limitations.--
            (1) National guard.--Within the limitation provided 
        in section 10217(c)(2) of title 10, United States Code, 
        the number of non-dual status technicians employed by 
        the National Guard as of September 30, 2016, may not 
        exceed the following:
                    (A) For the Army National Guard of the 
                United States, 1,600.
                    (B) For the Air National Guard of the 
                United States, 350.
            (2) Army reserve.--The number of non-dual status 
        technicians employed by the Army Reserve as of 
        September 30, 2016, may not exceed 595.
            (3) Air force reserve.--The number of non-dual 
        status technicians employed by the Air Force Reserve as 
        of September 30, 2016, may not exceed 90.
    (b) Non-dual Status Technicians Defined.--In this section, 
the term ``non-dual status technician'' has the meaning given 
that term in section 10217(a) of title 10, United States Code.

SEC. 415. MAXIMUM NUMBER OF RESERVE PERSONNEL AUTHORIZED TO BE ON 
                    ACTIVE DUTY FOR OPERATIONAL SUPPORT.

    During fiscal year 2016, the maximum number of members of 
the reserve components of the Armed Forces who may be serving 
at any time on full-time operational support duty under section 
115(b) of title 10, United States Code, is the following:
            (1) The Army National Guard of the United States, 
        17,000.
            (2) The Army Reserve, 13,000.
            (3) The Navy Reserve, 6,200.
            (4) The Marine Corps Reserve, 3,000.
            (5) The Air National Guard of the United States, 
        16,000.
            (6) The Air Force Reserve, 14,000.

              Subtitle C--Authorization of Appropriations

SEC. 421. MILITARY PERSONNEL.

    (a) Authorization of Appropriations.--Funds are hereby 
authorized to be appropriated for fiscal year 2016 for the use 
of the Armed Forces and other activities and agencies of the 
Department of Defense for expenses, not otherwise provided for, 
for military personnel, as specified in the funding table in 
section 4401.
    (b) Construction of Authorization.--The authorization of 
appropriations in subsection (a) supersedes any other 
authorization of appropriations (definite or indefinite) for 
such purpose for fiscal year 2016.

SEC. 422. REPORT ON FORCE STRUCTURE OF THE ARMY.

    (a) Report Required.--Not later than 90 days after the date 
of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall 
submit to Congress a report containing the following:
            (1) An assessment by the Secretary of Defense of 
        reports by the Secretary of the Army on the force 
        structure of the Army submitted to Congress under 
        section 1066 of the National Defense Authorization Act 
        for Fiscal Year 2013 (Public Law 112-239; 126 Stat. 
        1943) and section 1062 of the National Defense 
        Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2015 (Public Law 113-
        291; 128 Stat. 3503).
            (2) An evaluation of the adequacy of the Army force 
        structure proposed for the future-years defense program 
        for fiscal years 2017 through 2021 to meet the goals of 
        the national military strategy of the United States.
            (3) An independent risk assessment by the Chairman 
        of the Joint Chiefs of Staff of the proposed Army force 
        structure and the ability of such force structure to 
        meet the operational requirements of combatant 
        commanders.
            (4) A description of the planning assumptions and 
        scenarios used by the Department of Defense to validate 
        the size and force structure of the Army, including the 
        Army Reserve and the Army National Guard.
            (5) A certification by the Secretary of Defense 
        that the Secretary has reviewed the reports by the 
        Secretary of the Army and the assessments of the 
        Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff and determined 
        that an end strength for active duty personnel of the 
        Army below the end strength level authorized in section 
        401(1) of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
        Fiscal Year 2015 (Public Law 113-291; 128 Stat. 3348) 
        will be adequate to meet the national military strategy 
        of the United States.
            (6) A description of various alternative options 
        for allocating funds to ensure that the end strengths 
        of the Army do not fall below levels of significant 
        risk, as determined pursuant to the risk assessment 
        conducted by the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff 
        under paragraph (3).
            (7) Such other information or updates as the 
        Secretary of Defense considers appropriate.
    (b) Form.--The report required by subsection (a) shall be 
submitted in unclassified form, but may include a classified 
annex.

                   TITLE V--MILITARY PERSONNEL POLICY

                  Subtitle A--Officer Personnel Policy

Sec. 501. Reinstatement of enhanced authority for selective early 
          discharge of warrant officers.
Sec. 502. Equitable treatment of junior officers excluded from an all-
          fully-qualified-officers list because of administrative error.
Sec. 503. Enhanced flexibility for determination of officers to continue 
          on active duty and for selective early retirement and early 
          discharge.
Sec. 504. Authority to defer until age 68 mandatory retirement for age 
          of a general or flag officer serving as Chief or Deputy Chief 
          of Chaplains of the Army, Navy, or Air Force.
Sec. 505. General rule for warrant officer retirement in highest grade 
          held satisfactorily.
Sec. 506. Implementation of Comptroller General recommendation on the 
          definition and availability of costs associated with general 
          and flag officers and their aides.

                Subtitle B--Reserve Component Management

Sec. 511. Continued service in the Ready Reserve by Members of Congress 
          who are also members of the Ready Reserve.
Sec. 512. Clarification of purpose of reserve component special 
          selection boards as limited to correction of error at a 
          mandatory promotion board.
Sec. 513. Increase in number of days of active duty required to be 
          performed by reserve component members for duty to be 
          considered Federal service for purposes of unemployment 
          compensation for ex-servicemembers.
Sec. 514. Temporary authority to use Air Force reserve component 
          personnel to provide training and instruction regarding pilot 
          training.
Sec. 515. Assessment of Military Compensation and Retirement 
          Modernization Commission recommendation regarding 
          consolidation of authorities to order members of reserve 
          components to perform duty.

                 Subtitle C--General Service Authorities

Sec. 521. Limited authority for Secretary concerned to initiate 
          applications for correction of military records.
Sec. 522. Temporary authority to develop and provide additional 
          recruitment incentives.
Sec. 523. Expansion of authority to conduct pilot programs on career 
          flexibility to enhance retention of members of the Armed 
          Forces.
Sec. 524. Modification of notice and wait requirements for change in 
          ground combat exclusion policy for female members of the Armed 
          Forces.
Sec. 525. Role of Secretary of Defense in development of gender-neutral 
          occupational standards.
Sec. 526. Establishment of process by which members of the Armed Forces 
          may carry an appropriate firearm on a military installation.
Sec. 527. Establishment of breastfeeding policy for the Department of 
          the Army.
Sec. 528. Sense of Congress recognizing the diversity of the members of 
          the Armed Forces.

  Subtitle D--Military Justice, Including Sexual Assault and Domestic 
                    Violence Prevention and Response

Sec. 531. Enforcement of certain crime victim rights by the Court of 
          Criminal Appeals.
Sec. 532. Department of Defense civilian employee access to Special 
          Victims' Counsel.
Sec. 533. Authority of Special Victims' Counsel to provide legal 
          consultation and assistance in connection with various 
          Government proceedings.
Sec. 534. Timely notification to victims of sex-related offenses of the 
          availability of assistance from Special Victims' Counsel.
Sec. 535. Additional improvements to Special Victims' Counsel program.
Sec. 536. Enhancement of confidentiality of restricted reporting of 
          sexual assault in the military.
Sec. 537. Modification of deadline for establishment of Defense Advisory 
          Committee on Investigation, Prosecution, and Defense of Sexual 
          Assault in the Armed Forces.
Sec. 538. Improved Department of Defense prevention and response to 
          sexual assaults in which the victim is a male member of the 
          Armed Forces.
Sec. 539. Preventing retaliation against members of the Armed Forces who 
          report or intervene on behalf of the victim of an alleged sex-
          related offence.
Sec. 540. Sexual assault prevention and response training for 
          administrators and instructors of Senior Reserve Officers' 
          Training Corps.
Sec. 541. Retention of case notes in investigations of sex-related 
          offenses involving members of the Army, Navy, Air Force, or 
          Marine Corps.
Sec. 542. Comptroller General of the United States reports on prevention 
          and response to sexual assault by the Army National Guard and 
          the Army Reserve.
Sec. 543. Improved implementation of changes to Uniform Code of Military 
          Justice.
Sec. 544. Modification of Rule 104 of the Rules for Courts-Martial to 
          establish certain prohibitions concerning evaluations of 
          Special Victims' Counsel.
Sec. 545. Modification of Rule 304 of the Military Rules of Evidence 
          relating to the corroboration of a confession or admission.

         Subtitle E--Member Education, Training, and Transition

Sec. 551. Enhancements to Yellow Ribbon Reintegration Program.
Sec. 552. Availability of preseparation counseling for members of the 
          Armed Forces discharged or released after limited active duty.
Sec. 553. Availability of additional training opportunities under 
          Transition Assistance Program.
Sec. 554. Modification of requirement for in-resident instruction for 
          courses of instruction offered as part of Phase II joint 
          professional military education.
Sec. 555. Termination of program of educational assistance for reserve 
          component members supporting contingency operations and other 
          operations.
Sec. 556. Appointments to military service academies from nominations 
          made by Delegates in Congress from the Virgin Islands, Guam, 
          American Samoa, and the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana 
          Islands.
Sec. 557. Support for athletic programs of the United States Military 
          Academy.
Sec. 558. Condition on admission of defense industry civilians to attend 
          the United States Air Force Institute of Technology.
Sec. 559. Quality assurance of certification programs and standards for 
          professional credentials obtained by members of the Armed 
          Forces.
Sec. 560. Prohibition on receipt of unemployment insurance while 
          receiving post-9/11 education assistance.
Sec. 561. Job Training and Post-Service Placement Executive Committee.
Sec. 562. Recognition of additional involuntary mobilization duty 
          authorities exempt from five-year limit on reemployment rights 
          of persons who serve in the uniformed services.
Sec. 563. Expansion of outreach for veterans transitioning from serving 
          on active duty.

Subtitle F--Defense Dependents' Education and Military Family Readiness 
                                 Matters

Sec. 571. Continuation of authority to assist local educational agencies 
          that benefit dependents of members of the Armed Forces and 
          Department of Defense civilian employees.
Sec. 572. Impact aid for children with severe disabilities.
Sec. 573. Authority to use appropriated funds to support Department of 
          Defense student meal programs in domestic dependent elementary 
          and secondary schools located outside the United States.
Sec. 574. Family support programs for immediate family members of 
          members of the Armed Forces assigned to special operations 
          forces.

                   Subtitle G--Decorations and Awards

Sec. 581. Authorization for award of the Distinguished-Service Cross for 
          acts of extraordinary heroism during the Korean War.

           Subtitle H--Miscellaneous Reports and Other Matters

Sec. 591. Coordination with non-government suicide prevention 
          organizations and agencies to assist in reducing suicides by 
          members of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 592. Extension of semiannual reports on the involuntary separation 
          of members of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 593. Report on preliminary mental health screenings for individuals 
          becoming members of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 594. Report regarding new rulemaking under the Military Lending Act 
          and Defense Manpower Data Center reports and meetings.
Sec. 595. Remotely piloted aircraft career field manning shortfalls.

                  Subtitle A--Officer Personnel Policy

SEC. 501. REINSTATEMENT OF ENHANCED AUTHORITY FOR SELECTIVE EARLY 
                    DISCHARGE OF WARRANT OFFICERS.

    Section 580a of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a), by striking ``November 30, 
        1993, and ending on October 1, 1999'' and inserting 
        ``October 1, 2015, and ending on October 1, 2019''; and
            (2) in subsection (c)--
                    (A) by striking paragraph (3); and
                    (B) by redesignating paragraphs (4) and (5) 
                as paragraphs (3) and (4), respectively.

SEC. 502. EQUITABLE TREATMENT OF JUNIOR OFFICERS EXCLUDED FROM AN ALL-
                    FULLY-QUALIFIED-OFFICERS LIST BECAUSE OF 
                    ADMINISTRATIVE ERROR.

    (a) Officers on Active-duty List.--Section 624(a)(3) of 
title 10, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end 
the following new subparagraph:
    ``(E) If the Secretary of the military department concerned 
determines that one or more officers or former officers were 
not placed on an all-fully-qualified-list under this paragraph 
because of administrative error, the Secretary may prepare a 
supplemental all-fully-qualified-officers list containing the 
names of any such officers for approval in accordance with this 
paragraph.''.
    (b) Officers on Reserve Active-Status List.--Section 
14308(b)(4) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
adding at the end the following new subparagraph:
    ``(E) If the Secretary of the military department concerned 
determines that one or more officers or former officers were 
not placed on an all-fully-qualified-list under this paragraph 
because of administrative error, the Secretary may prepare a 
supplemental all-fully-qualified-officers list containing the 
names of any such officers for approval in accordance with this 
paragraph.''.
    (c) Conforming Amendments to Special Selection Board 
Authority.--
            (1) Regular components.--Section 628(a)(1) of title 
        10, United States Code, is amended by striking ``or the 
        name of a person that should have been placed on an 
        all-fully-qualified-officers list under section 
        624(a)(3) of this title was not so placed,''.
            (2) Reserve components.--Section 14502(a)(1) of 
        title 10, United States Code, is amended by striking 
        ``or whose name was not placed on an all-fully-
        qualified-officers list under section 14308(b)(4) of 
        this title because of administrative error,''.

SEC. 503. ENHANCED FLEXIBILITY FOR DETERMINATION OF OFFICERS TO 
                    CONTINUE ON ACTIVE DUTY AND FOR SELECTIVE EARLY 
                    RETIREMENT AND EARLY DISCHARGE.

    Section 638a(d)(2) of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended by striking ``officers considered--'' and all that 
follows and inserting ``officers considered.''.

SEC. 504. AUTHORITY TO DEFER UNTIL AGE 68 MANDATORY RETIREMENT FOR AGE 
                    OF A GENERAL OR FLAG OFFICER SERVING AS CHIEF OR 
                    DEPUTY CHIEF OF CHAPLAINS OF THE ARMY, NAVY, OR AIR 
                    FORCE.

    (a) Deferral Authority.-- Section 1253 of title 10, United 
States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new 
subsection:
    ``(c) Deferred Retirement of Chaplains.--(1) The Secretary 
of the military department concerned may defer the retirement 
under subsection (a) of an officer serving in a general or flag 
officer grade who is the Chief of Chaplains or Deputy Chief of 
Chaplains of that officer's armed force.
    ``(2) A deferment of the retirement of an officer referred 
to in paragraph (1) may not extend beyond the first day of the 
month following the month in which the officer becomes 68 years 
of age.
    ``(3) The authority to defer the retirement of an officer 
referred to in paragraph (1) expires December 31, 2020. Subject 
to paragraph (2), a deferment granted before that date may 
continue on and after that date.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendments.--
            (1) Section heading.--The heading of section 1253 
        of title 10, United States Code, is amended to read as 
        follows:

``Sec. 1253. Age 64: regular commissioned officers in general and flag 
                    officer grades; exceptions''.

            (2) Table of sections.--The table of sections at 
        the beginning of chapter 63 of title 10, United States 
        Code, is amended by striking the item relating to 
        section 1253 and inserting the following new item:

``1253. Age 64: regular commissioned officers in general and flag 
          officer grades; exceptions.''.

SEC. 505. GENERAL RULE FOR WARRANT OFFICER RETIREMENT IN HIGHEST GRADE 
                    HELD SATISFACTORILY.

    Section 1371 of title 10, United States Code, is amended to 
read as follows:

``Sec. 1371. Warrant officers: general rule

    ``Unless entitled to a higher retired grade under some 
other provision of law, a warrant officer shall be retired in 
the highest regular or reserve warrant officer grade in which 
the warrant officer served satisfactorily, as determined by the 
Secretary concerned.''.

SEC. 506. IMPLEMENTATION OF COMPTROLLER GENERAL RECOMMENDATION ON THE 
                    DEFINITION AND AVAILABILITY OF COSTS ASSOCIATED 
                    WITH GENERAL AND FLAG OFFICERS AND THEIR AIDES.

    (a) Definition of Costs.--
            (1) In general.--For the purpose of providing a 
        consistent approach to estimating and managing the full 
        costs associated with general and flag officers and 
        their aides, the Secretary of Defense shall direct the 
        Director, Cost Assessment and Program Evaluation, to 
        define the costs that could be associated with general 
        and flag officers since 2001, including--
                    (A) security details;
                    (B) Government and commercial air travel;
                    (C) general and flag officer per diem;
                    (D) enlisted and officer aide housing and 
                travel costs;
                    (E) general and flag officer additional 
                support staff and their travel, equipment, and 
                per diem costs;
                    (F) general and flag officer official 
                residences; and
                    (G) any other associated costs incurred due 
                to the nature of their position.
            (2) Coordination.--The Director, Cost Assessment 
        and Program Evaluation, shall prepare the definition of 
        costs under paragraph (1) in coordination with the 
        Under Secretary of Defense for Personnel and Readiness 
        and the Secretaries of the military departments.
    (b) Report On Costs Associated With General And Flag 
Officers and Aides.--Not later than June 30, 2016, the 
Secretary of Defense shall submit to the Committees on Armed 
Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives a 
report describing the costs associated with general and flag 
officers and their enlisted and officer aides.

                Subtitle B--Reserve Component Management

SEC. 511. CONTINUED SERVICE IN THE READY RESERVE BY MEMBERS OF CONGRESS 
                    WHO ARE ALSO MEMBERS OF THE READY RESERVE.

    Section 10149 of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) by redesignating subsection (b) as subsection 
        (c); and
            (2) by inserting after subsection (a) the following 
        new subsection:
    ``(b)(1) In applying Ready Reserve continuous screening 
under this section, an individual who is both a member of the 
Ready Reserve and a Member of Congress may not be transferred 
to the Standby Reserve or discharged on account of the 
individual's position as a Member of Congress.
    ``(2) The transfer or discharge of an individual who is 
both a member of the Ready Reserve and a Member of Congress may 
be ordered--
            ``(A) only by the Secretary of Defense or, in the 
        case of a Member of Congress who also is a member of 
        the Coast Guard Reserve, the Secretary of the 
        Department in which the Coast Guard is operating when 
        it is not operating as a service in the Navy; and
            ``(B) only on the basis of the needs of the 
        service, taking into consideration the position and 
        duties of the individual in the Ready Reserve.
    ``(3) In this subsection, the term `Member of Congress' 
includes a Delegate or Resident Commissioner to Congress and a 
Member-elect.''.

SEC. 512. CLARIFICATION OF PURPOSE OF RESERVE COMPONENT SPECIAL 
                    SELECTION BOARDS AS LIMITED TO CORRECTION OF ERROR 
                    AT A MANDATORY PROMOTION BOARD.

    Section 14502(b) of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1)--
                    (A) in the matter preceding subparagraph 
                (A), by striking ``a selection board'' and 
                inserting ``a mandatory promotion board 
                convened under section 14101(a) of this 
                title''; and
                    (B) in subparagraphs (A) and (B), by 
                striking ``selection board'' and inserting 
                ``mandatory promotion board''; and
            (2) in the first sentence of paragraph (3)--
                    (A) by striking ``Such board'' and 
                inserting ``The special selection board''; and
                    (B) by striking ``selection board'' and 
                inserting ``mandatory promotion board''.

SEC. 513. INCREASE IN NUMBER OF DAYS OF ACTIVE DUTY REQUIRED TO BE 
                    PERFORMED BY RESERVE COMPONENT MEMBERS FOR DUTY TO 
                    BE CONSIDERED FEDERAL SERVICE FOR PURPOSES OF 
                    UNEMPLOYMENT COMPENSATION FOR EX-SERVICEMEMBERS.

    (a) Increase of Number of Days.--Section 8521(a)(1) of 
title 5, United States Code, is amended by striking ``90 days'' 
in the matter preceding subparagraph (A) and inserting ``180 
days''.
    (b) Effective Date.--The amendment made by subsection (a) 
shall take effect on the date of the enactment of this Act, and 
shall apply with respect to periods of Federal service 
commencing on or after that date.

SEC. 514. TEMPORARY AUTHORITY TO USE AIR FORCE RESERVE COMPONENT 
                    PERSONNEL TO PROVIDE TRAINING AND INSTRUCTION 
                    REGARDING PILOT TRAINING.

    (a) Authority.--
            (1) In general.--During fiscal year 2016, the 
        Secretary of the Air Force may authorize personnel 
        described in paragraph (2) to provide training and 
        instruction regarding pilot training to the following:
                    (A) Members of the Armed Forces on active 
                duty.
                    (B) Members of foreign military forces who 
                are in the United States.
            (2) Personnel.--The personnel described in this 
        paragraph are the following:
                    (A) Members of the reserve components of 
                the Air Force on active Guard and Reserve duty 
                (as that term is defined in section 101(d) of 
                title 10, United States Code) who are not 
                otherwise authorized to conduct the training 
                described in paragraph (1) due to the 
                limitations in section 12310 of title 10, 
                United States Code.
                    (B) Members of the Air Force who are 
                military technicians (dual status) who are not 
                otherwise authorized to conduct the training 
                described in paragraph (1) due to the 
                limitations in section 10216 of title 10, 
                United States Code, and section 709(a) of title 
                32, United States Code.
            (3) Limitation.--Not more than 50 members described 
        in paragraph (2) may provide training and instruction 
        under the authority in paragraph (1) at any one time.
            (4) Federal tort claims act.--Members of the 
        uniformed services described in paragraph (2) who 
        provide training and instruction pursuant to the 
        authority in paragraph (1) shall be covered by the 
        Federal Tort Claims Act for purposes of any claim 
        arising from the employment of such individuals under 
        that authority.
    (b) Report.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of the Air Force shall 
submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and 
the House of Representatives a report setting forth a plan to 
eliminate shortages in the number of pilot instructors within 
the Air Force using authorities available to the Secretary 
under current law.

SEC. 515. ASSESSMENT OF MILITARY COMPENSATION AND RETIREMENT 
                    MODERNIZATION COMMISSION RECOMMENDATION REGARDING 
                    CONSOLIDATION OF AUTHORITIES TO ORDER MEMBERS OF 
                    RESERVE COMPONENTS TO PERFORM DUTY.

    (a) Assessment Required.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
conduct an assessment of the recommendation of the Military 
Compensation and Retirement Modernization Commission regarding 
consolidation of statutory authorities by which members of the 
reserve components of the Armed Forces may be ordered to 
perform duty. The Secretary shall specifically assess each of 
the six broader duty statuses recommended by the Commission as 
replacements for the 30 reserve component duty statuses 
currently authorized to determine whether consolidation will 
increase efficiency in the reserve components.
    (b) Submission of Report.--Not later than 180 days after 
the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense 
shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate 
and the House of Representatives a report containing the 
results of the Secretary's assessment. If, as a result of the 
assessment, the Secretary determines that an alternate approach 
to consolidation of the statutory authorities described in 
subsection (a) is preferable, the Secretary shall submit the 
alternate approach, including a draft of such legislation as 
would be necessary to amend titles 10, 14, 32, and 37 of the 
United States Code and other provisions of law in order to 
implement the Secretary's approach by October 1, 2018.

                Subtitle C--General Service Authorities

SEC. 521. LIMITED AUTHORITY FOR SECRETARY CONCERNED TO INITIATE 
                    APPLICATIONS FOR CORRECTION OF MILITARY RECORDS.

    Section 1552(b) of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended--
            (1) in the first sentence--
                    (A) by striking ``or his heir or legal 
                representative'' and inserting ``(or the 
                claimant's heir or legal representative) or the 
                Secretary concerned''; and
                    (B) by striking ``he discovers'' and 
                inserting ``discovering''; and
            (2) in the second sentence, by striking ``However, 
        a board'' and inserting the following: ``The Secretary 
        concerned may file a request for correction of a 
        military record only if the request is made on behalf 
        of a group of members or former members of the armed 
        forces who were similarly harmed by the same error or 
        injustice. A board''.

SEC. 522. TEMPORARY AUTHORITY TO DEVELOP AND PROVIDE ADDITIONAL 
                    RECRUITMENT INCENTIVES.

    (a) Additional Recruitment Incentives Authorized.--The 
Secretary of a military department may develop and provide 
incentives, not otherwise authorized by law, to encourage 
individuals to accept an appointment as a commissioned officer, 
to accept an appointment as a warrant officer, or to enlist in 
an Armed Force under the jurisdiction of the Secretary.
    (b) Relation to Other Personnel Authorities.--A recruitment 
incentive developed under subsection (a) may be provided--
            (1) without regard to the lack of specific 
        authority for the recruitment incentive under title 10 
        or 37, United States Code; and
            (2) notwithstanding any provision of such titles, 
        or any rule or regulation prescribed under such 
        provision, relating to methods of providing incentives 
        to individuals to accept appointments or enlistments in 
        the Armed Forces, including the provision of group or 
        individual bonuses, pay, or other incentives.
    (c) Notice and Wait Requirement.--The Secretary of a 
military department may not provide a recruitment incentive 
developed under subsection (a) until--
            (1) the Secretary submits to the congressional 
        defense committees a plan regarding provision of the 
        recruitment incentive, which includes--
                    (A) a description of the incentive, 
                including the purpose of the incentive and the 
                potential recruits to be addressed by the 
                incentive;
                    (B) a description of the provisions of 
                titles 10 and 37, United States Code, from 
                which the incentive would require a waiver and 
                the rationale to support the waiver;
                    (C) a statement of the anticipated outcomes 
                as a result of providing the incentive; and
                    (D) a description of the method to be used 
                to evaluate the effectiveness of the incentive; 
                and
            (2) the expiration of the 30-day period beginning 
        on the date on which the plan was received by Congress.
    (d) Limitation on Number of Incentives.--The Secretary of a 
military department may not provide more than three recruitment 
incentives under the authority of this section.
    (e) Limitation on Number of Individuals Receiving 
Incentives.--The number of individuals who receive one or more 
of the recruitment incentives provided under subsection (a) by 
the Secretary of a military department during a fiscal year for 
an Armed Force under the jurisdiction of the Secretary may not 
exceed 20 percent of the accession objective of that Armed 
Force for that fiscal year.
    (f) Duration of Developed Incentive.--A recruitment 
incentive developed under subsection (a) may be provided for 
not longer than a three-year period beginning on the date on 
which the incentive is first provided, except that the 
Secretary of the military department concerned may extend the 
period if the Secretary determines that additional time is 
needed to fully evaluate the effectiveness of the incentive.
    (g) Reporting Requirements.--If the Secretary of a military 
department provides an recruitment incentive under subsection 
(a) for a fiscal year, the Secretary shall submit to the 
congressional defense committees a report, not later than 60 
days after the end of the fiscal year, containing--
            (1) a description of each incentive provided under 
        subsection (a) during that fiscal year; and
            (2) an assessment of the impact of the incentives 
        on the recruitment of individuals for an Armed Force 
        under the jurisdiction of the Secretary.
    (h) Termination of Authority to Provide Incentives.--
Notwithstanding subsection (f); the authority to provide 
recruitment incentives under this section expires on December 
31, 2020.

SEC. 523. EXPANSION OF AUTHORITY TO CONDUCT PILOT PROGRAMS ON CAREER 
                    FLEXIBILITY TO ENHANCE RETENTION OF MEMBERS OF THE 
                    ARMED FORCES.

    (a) Repeal of Limitation on Eligible Participants.--
Subsection (b) of section 533 of the Duncan Hunter National 
Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2009 (Public Law 110-
417; 10 U.S.C. prec. 701 note) is repealed.
    (b) Repeal of Limitation on Number of Participants.--
Subsection (c) of section 533 of the Duncan Hunter National 
Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2009 (Public Law 110-
417; 10 U.S.C. prec. 701 note) is repealed.
    (c) Conforming Amendments.--Section 533 of the Duncan 
Hunter National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2009 
(Public Law 110-417; 10 U.S.C. prec. 701 note) is further 
amended--
            (1) by redesignating subsections (d) through (m) as 
        subsections (b) through (k), respectively; and
            (2) in subsections (b)(1), (d), and (f)(3)(D) (as 
        so redesignated), by striking ``subsection (e)'' each 
        place it appears and inserting ``subsection (c)''.

SEC. 524. MODIFICATION OF NOTICE AND WAIT REQUIREMENTS FOR CHANGE IN 
                    GROUND COMBAT EXCLUSION POLICY FOR FEMALE MEMBERS 
                    OF THE ARMED FORCES.

    (a) Rule for Ground Combat Personnel Policy.--Section 
652(a) of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1)--
                    (A) in the first sentence, by striking 
                ``before any such change is implemented'' and 
                inserting ``not less than 30 calendar days 
                before such change is implemented''; and
                    (B) by striking the second sentence; and
            (2) by striking paragraph (5).
    (b) Conforming Amendment.--Section 652(b)(1) of title 10, 
United States Code, is amended by inserting ``calendar'' before 
``days''.

SEC. 525. ROLE OF SECRETARY OF DEFENSE IN DEVELOPMENT OF GENDER-NEUTRAL 
                    OCCUPATIONAL STANDARDS.

    Section 524(a) of the National Defense Authorization Act 
for Fiscal Year 2015 (Public Law 113-291; 128 Stat. 3361; 10 
U.S.C. 113 note) is amended--
            (1) by striking ``and'' at the end of paragraph 
        (1);
            (2) by striking the period at the end of paragraph 
        (2) and inserting ``; and''; and
            (3) by adding at the end the following new 
        paragraph:
            ``(3) measure the combat readiness of combat units, 
        including special operations forces.''.

SEC. 526. ESTABLISHMENT OF PROCESS BY WHICH MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES 
                    MAY CARRY AN APPROPRIATE FIREARM ON A MILITARY 
                    INSTALLATION.

    Not later than December 31, 2015, the Secretary of Defense, 
taking into consideration the views of senior leadership of 
military installations in the United States, shall establish 
and implement a process by which the commanders of military 
installations in the United States, or other military 
commanders designated by the Secretary of Defense for military 
reserve centers, Armed Services recruiting centers, and such 
other defense facilities as the Secretary may prescribe, may 
authorize a member of the Armed Forces who is assigned to duty 
at the installation, center or facility to carry an appropriate 
firearm on the installation, center, or facility if the 
commander determines that carrying such a firearm is necessary 
as a personal- or force-protection measure.

SEC. 527. ESTABLISHMENT OF BREASTFEEDING POLICY FOR THE DEPARTMENT OF 
                    THE ARMY.

    The Secretary of the Army shall develop a comprehensive 
policy regarding breastfeeding by female members of the Army 
who are breastfeeding. At a minimum, the policy shall address 
the following:
            (1) The provision of a designated room or area that 
        will provide the member with adequate privacy and 
        cleanliness and that includes an electrical outlet to 
        facilitate the use of a breast pump. Restrooms should 
        not be considered an appropriate location.
            (2) An allowance for appropriate breaks, when 
        practicable, to permit the member to breastfeed or 
        utilize a breast pump.

SEC. 528. SENSE OF CONGRESS RECOGNIZING THE DIVERSITY OF THE MEMBERS OF 
                    THE ARMED FORCES.

    (a) Findings.--Congress finds the following:
            (1) The United States military includes individuals 
        with a variety of national, ethnic, and cultural 
        backgrounds that have roots all over the world.
            (2) In addition to diverse backgrounds, members of 
        the Armed Forces come from numerous religious 
        traditions, including Christian, Hindu, Jewish, Muslim, 
        Sikh, non-denominational, non-practicing, and many 
        more.
            (3) Members of the Armed Forces from diverse 
        backgrounds and religious traditions have lost their 
        lives or been injured defending the national security 
        of the United States.
            (4) Diversity contributes to the strength of the 
        Armed Forces, and service members from different 
        backgrounds and religious traditions share the same 
        goal of defending the United States.
            (5) The unity of the Armed Forces reflects the 
        strength in diversity that makes the United States a 
        great nation.
    (b) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress that 
the United States should--
            (1) continue to recognize and promote diversity in 
        the Armed Forces; and
            (2) honor those from all diverse backgrounds and 
        religious traditions who have made sacrifices in 
        serving the United States through the Armed Forces.

  Subtitle D--Military Justice, Including Sexual Assault and Domestic 
                    Violence Prevention and Response

SEC. 531. ENFORCEMENT OF CERTAIN CRIME VICTIM RIGHTS BY THE COURT OF 
                    CRIMINAL APPEALS.

    Subsection (e) of section 806b of title 10, United States 
Code (article 6b of the Uniform Code of Military Justice), is 
amended to read as follows:
    ``(e) Enforcement by Court of Criminal Appeals.--(1) If the 
victim of an offense under this chapter believes that a 
preliminary hearing ruling under section 832 of this title 
(article 32) or a court-martial ruling violates the rights of 
the victim afforded by a section (article) or rule specified in 
paragraph (4), the victim may petition the Court of Criminal 
Appeals for a writ of mandamus to require the preliminary 
hearing officer or the court-martial to comply with the section 
(article) or rule.
    ``(2) If the victim of an offense under this chapter is 
subject to an order to submit to a deposition, notwithstanding 
the availability of the victim to testify at the court-martial 
trying the accused for the offense, the victim may petition the 
Court of Criminal Appeals for a writ of mandamus to quash such 
order.
    ``(3) A petition for a writ of mandamus described in this 
subsection shall be forwarded directly to the Court of Criminal 
Appeals, by such means as may be prescribed by the President, 
and, to the extent practicable, shall have priority over all 
other proceedings before the court.
    ``(4) Paragraph (1) applies with respect to the protections 
afforded by the following:
            ``(A) This section (article).
            ``(B) Section 832 (article 32) of this title.
            ``(C) Military Rule of Evidence 412, relating to 
        the admission of evidence regarding a victim's sexual 
        background.
            ``(D) Military Rule of Evidence 513, relating to 
        the psychotherapist-patient privilege.
            ``(E) Military Rule of Evidence 514, relating to 
        the victim advocate-victim privilege.
            ``(F) Military Rule of Evidence 615, relating to 
        the exclusion of witnesses.''.

SEC. 532. DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE CIVILIAN EMPLOYEE ACCESS TO SPECIAL 
                    VICTIMS' COUNSEL.

    Section 1044e(a)(2) of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended by adding the following new subparagraph:
            ``(C) A civilian employee of the Department of 
        Defense who is not eligible for military legal 
        assistance under section 1044(a)(7) of this title, but 
        who is the victim of an alleged sex-related offense, 
        and the Secretary of Defense or the Secretary of the 
        military department concerned waives the condition in 
        such section for the purposes of offering Special 
        Victims' Counsel services to the employee.''.

SEC. 533. AUTHORITY OF SPECIAL VICTIMS' COUNSEL TO PROVIDE LEGAL 
                    CONSULTATION AND ASSISTANCE IN CONNECTION WITH 
                    VARIOUS GOVERNMENT PROCEEDINGS.

    Section 1044e(b) of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended--
            (1) by redesignating paragraph (9) as paragraph 
        (10); and
            (2) by inserting after paragraph (8) the following 
        new paragraph (9):
            ``(9) Legal consultation and assistance in 
        connection with--
                    ``(A) any complaint against the Government, 
                including an allegation under review by an 
                inspector general and a complaint regarding 
                equal employment opportunities;
                    ``(B) any request to the Government for 
                information, including a request under section 
                552a of title 5 (commonly referred to as a 
                `Freedom of Information Act request'); and
                    ``(C) any correspondence or other 
                communications with Congress.''.

SEC. 534. TIMELY NOTIFICATION TO VICTIMS OF SEX-RELATED OFFENSES OF THE 
                    AVAILABILITY OF ASSISTANCE FROM SPECIAL VICTIMS' 
                    COUNSEL.

    (a) Timely Notice Described.--Section 1044e(f) of title 10, 
United States Code, is amended--
            (1) by redesignating paragraph (2) as paragraph 
        (3); and
            (2) by inserting after paragraph (1) the following 
        new paragraph (2):
    ``(2) Subject to such exceptions for exigent circumstances 
as the Secretary of Defense and the Secretary of the Department 
in which the Coast Guard is operating may prescribe, notice of 
the availability of a Special Victims' Counsel shall be 
provided to an individual described in subsection (a)(2) before 
any military criminal investigator or trial counsel interviews, 
or requests any statement from, the individual regarding the 
alleged sex-related offense.''.
    (b) Conforming Amendment to Related Legal Assistance 
Authority.--Section 1565b(a) of title 10, United States Code, 
is amended--
            (1) by redesignating paragraph (3) as paragraph 
        (4); and
            (2) by inserting after paragraph (2) the following 
        new paragraph (3):
    ``(3) Subject to such exceptions for exigent circumstances 
as the Secretary of Defense and the Secretary of the Department 
in which the Coast Guard is operating may prescribe, notice of 
the availability of a Special Victims' Counsel under section 
1044e of this title shall be provided to a member of the armed 
forces or dependent who is the victim of sexual assault before 
any military criminal investigator or trial counsel interviews, 
or requests any statement from, the member or dependent 
regarding the alleged sexual assault.''.

SEC. 535. ADDITIONAL IMPROVEMENTS TO SPECIAL VICTIMS' COUNSEL PROGRAM.

    (a) Training Time Period and Requirements.--Section 
1044e(d) of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) by inserting ``(1)'' before ``An individual'';
            (2) by designating existing paragraphs (1) and (2) 
        as subparagraphs (A) and (B), respectively; and
            (3) by adding at the end the following new 
        paragraph:
    ``(2) The Secretary of Defense shall--
            ``(A) develop a policy to standardize the time 
        period within which a Special Victims' Counsel receives 
        training; and
            ``(B) establish the baseline training requirements 
        for a Special Victims' Counsel.''.
    (b) Improved Administrative Responsibility.--Section 
1044e(e) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by adding 
at the end the following new paragraph:
    ``(3) The Secretary of Defense, in collaboration with the 
Secretaries of the military departments and the Secretary of 
the Department in which the Coast Guard is operating, shall 
establish--
            ``(A) guiding principles for the Special Victims' 
        Counsel program, to include ensuring that--
                    ``(i) Special Victims' Counsel are assigned 
                to locations that maximize the opportunity for 
                face-to-face communication between counsel and 
                clients; and
                    ``(ii) effective means of communication are 
                available to permit counsel and client 
                interactions when face-to-face communication is 
                not feasible;
            ``(B) performance measures and standards to measure 
        the effectiveness of the Special Victims' Counsel 
        program and client satisfaction with the program; and
            ``(C) processes by which the Secretaries of the 
        military departments and the Secretary of the 
        Department in which the Coast Guard is operating will 
        evaluate and monitor the Special Victims' Counsel 
        program using such guiding principles and performance 
        measures and standards.''.
    (c) Conforming Amendment Regarding Qualifications.--Section 
1044(d)(2) of chapter 53 of title 10, United States Code is 
amended by striking ``meets the additional qualifications 
specified in subsection (d)(2)'' and inserting ``satisfies the 
additional qualifications and training requirements specified 
in subsection (d)''.

SEC. 536. ENHANCEMENT OF CONFIDENTIALITY OF RESTRICTED REPORTING OF 
                    SEXUAL ASSAULT IN THE MILITARY.

    (a) Preemption of State Law To Ensure Confidentiality of 
Reporting.--Section 1565b(b) of title 10, United States Code, 
is amended by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
    ``(3) In the case of information disclosed pursuant to 
paragraph (1), any State law or regulation that would require 
an individual specified in paragraph (2) to disclose the 
personally identifiable information of the adult victim or 
alleged perpetrator of the sexual assault to a State or local 
law enforcement agency shall not apply, except when reporting 
is necessary to prevent or mitigate a serious and imminent 
threat to the health or safety of an individual.''.
    (b) Clarification of Scope.--Section 1565b(b)(1) of title 
10, United States Code, is amended by striking ``a dependent'' 
and inserting ``an adult dependent''.
    (c) Definitions.--Section 1565b of title 10, United States 
Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new 
subsection:
    ``(c) Definitions.--In this section:
            ``(1) Sexual assault.--The term `sexual assault' 
        includes the offenses of rape, sexual assault, forcible 
        sodomy, aggravated sexual contact, abusive sexual 
        contact, and attempts to commit such offenses, as 
        punishable under applicable Federal or State law.
            ``(2) State.--The term `State' includes the 
        District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, 
        the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, and 
        any territory or possession of the United States.''.

SEC. 537. MODIFICATION OF DEADLINE FOR ESTABLISHMENT OF DEFENSE 
                    ADVISORY COMMITTEE ON INVESTIGATION, PROSECUTION, 
                    AND DEFENSE OF SEXUAL ASSAULT IN THE ARMED FORCES.

    Section 546(a)(2) of the Carl Levin and Howard P. ``Buck'' 
McKeon National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2015 
(Public Law 113-291; 128 Stat. 3374; 10 U.S.C. 1561 note) is 
amended by striking ``not later than'' and all that follows and 
inserting ``not later than 90 days after the date of the 
enactment of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2016.''.

SEC. 538. IMPROVED DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE PREVENTION AND RESPONSE TO 
                    SEXUAL ASSAULTS IN WHICH THE VICTIM IS A MALE 
                    MEMBER OF THE ARMED FORCES.

    (a) Plan to Improve Prevention and Response.--The Secretary 
of Defense, in collaboration with the Secretaries of the 
military departments, shall develop a plan to improve 
Department of Defense prevention and response to sexual 
assaults in which the victim is a male member of the Armed 
Forces.
    (b) Elements.--The plan required by subsection (a) shall 
include the following:
            (1) Sexual assault prevention and response training 
        to more comprehensively and directly address the 
        incidence of male members of the Armed Forces who are 
        sexually assaulted and how certain behavior and 
        activities, such as hazing, can constitute a sexual 
        assault.
            (2) Methods to evaluate the extent to which 
        differences exist in the medical and mental health-care 
        needs of male and female sexual assault victims, and 
        the care regimen, if any, that will best meet those 
        needs.
            (3) Data-driven decision making to improve male-
        victim sexual assault prevention and response program 
        efforts.
            (4) Goals with associated metrics to drive the 
        changes needed to address sexual assaults of male 
        members of the Armed Forces.
            (5) Information about the sexual victimization of 
        males in communications to members that are used to 
        raise awareness of sexual assault and efforts to 
        prevent and respond to it.
            (6) Guidance for the department's medical and 
        mental health providers, and other personnel as 
        appropriate, based on the results of the evaluation 
        described in paragraph (2), that delineates these 
        gender-specific distinctions and the care regimen that 
        is recommended to most effectively meet those needs.

SEC. 539. PREVENTING RETALIATION AGAINST MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES 
                    WHO REPORT OR INTERVENE ON BEHALF OF THE VICTIM OF 
                    AN ALLEGED SEX-RELATED OFFENCE.

    (a) Strategy Required.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
develop a comprehensive strategy to prevent retaliation carried 
out by members of the Armed Forces against other members who 
report or otherwise intervene on behalf of the victim of an 
alleged sex-related offence.
    (b) Elements.--The comprehensive strategy required by 
subsection (a) shall include, at a minimum, the following:
            (1) Bystander intervention programs emphasizing the 
        importance of guarding against retaliation.
            (2) Department of Defense and military department 
        policies and requirements to ensure protection for 
        victims of alleged sex-related offences and members who 
        intervene on behalf of victims from retaliation.
            (3) Additional training for commanders on methods 
        and procedures to combat attitudes and beliefs that 
        result in retaliation.
    (c) Definitions.--For purposes of this section:
            (1) The term ``alleged sex-related offence'' has 
        the meaning given that term in section 1044e(g) of 
        title 10, United States Code.
            (2) The term ``retaliation'' has such meaning as 
        may be given that term by the Secretary of Defense in 
        the development of the strategy required by subsection 
        (a).

SEC. 540. SEXUAL ASSAULT PREVENTION AND RESPONSE TRAINING FOR 
                    ADMINISTRATORS AND INSTRUCTORS OF SENIOR RESERVE 
                    OFFICERS' TRAINING CORPS.

    The Secretary of a military department shall ensure that 
the commander of each unit of the Senior Reserve Officers' 
Training Corps and all Professors of Military Science, senior 
military instructors, and civilian employees detailed, 
assigned, or employed as administrators and instructors of the 
Senior Reserve Officers' Training Corps receive regular sexual 
assault prevention and response training and education.

SEC. 541. RETENTION OF CASE NOTES IN INVESTIGATIONS OF SEX-RELATED 
                    OFFENSES INVOLVING MEMBERS OF THE ARMY, NAVY, AIR 
                    FORCE, OR MARINE CORPS.

    (a) Retention of All Investigative Records Required.--Not 
later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of this 
Act, the Secretary of Defense shall update Department of 
Defense records retention policies to ensure that, for all 
investigations relating to an alleged sex-related offense (as 
defined in section 1044e(g) of title 10, United States Code) 
involving a member of the Army, Navy, Air Force, or Marine 
Corps, all elements of the case file shall be retained as part 
of the investigative records retained in accordance with 
section 586 of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
Fiscal Year 2012 (Public Law 112-81; 10 U.S.C. 1561 note).
    (b) Elements.--In updating records retention policies as 
required by subsection (a), the Secretary of Defense shall 
address, at a minimum, the following matters:
            (1) The elements of the case file to be retained 
        must include, at a minimum, the case activity record, 
        case review record, investigative plans, and all case 
        notes made by an investigating agent or agents.
            (2) All investigative records must be retained for 
        no less than 50 years.
            (3) No element of the case file may be destroyed 
        until the expiration of the time that investigative 
        records must be kept.
            (4) Records may be stored digitally or in hard 
        copy, in accordance with existing law or regulations or 
        additionally prescribed policy considered necessary by 
        the Secretary of the military department concerned.
    (c) Consistent Education and Policy.--The Secretary of 
Defense shall ensure that existing policy, education, and 
training are updated to reflect policy changes in accordance 
with subsection (a).
    (d) Uniform Application to Military Departments.--The 
Secretary of Defense shall ensure that, to the maximum extent 
practicable, the policy developed under subsections (a) is 
implemented uniformly by the military departments.

SEC. 542. COMPTROLLER GENERAL OF THE UNITED STATES REPORTS ON 
                    PREVENTION AND RESPONSE TO SEXUAL ASSAULT BY THE 
                    ARMY NATIONAL GUARD AND THE ARMY RESERVE.

    (a) Initial Report.--Not later than April 1, 2016, the 
Comptroller General of the United States shall submit to 
Congress a report on the preliminary assessment of the 
Comptroller General (made pursuant to a review conducted by the 
Comptroller General for purposes of this section) of the extent 
to which the Army National Guard and the Army Reserve--
            (1) have in place policies and programs to prevent 
        and respond to incidents of sexual assault involving 
        members of the Army National Guard or the Army Reserve, 
        as applicable;
            (2) provide medical and mental health care services 
        to members of the Army National Guard or the Army 
        Reserve, as applicable, following a sexual assault; and
            (3) have identified whether the nature of service 
        in the Army National Guard or the Army Reserve, as the 
        case may be, poses challenges to the prevention of or 
        response to sexual assault.
    (b) Additional Reports.--If after submitting the report 
required by subsection (a) the Comptroller General makes 
additional assessments as a result of the review described in 
that subsection, the Comptroller General shall submit to 
Congress such reports on such additional assessments as the 
Comptroller General considers appropriate.

SEC. 543. IMPROVED IMPLEMENTATION OF CHANGES TO UNIFORM CODE OF 
                    MILITARY JUSTICE.

    The Secretary of Defense shall examine the Department of 
Defense process for implementing statutory changes to the 
Uniform Code of Military Justice for the purpose of developing 
options for streamlining such process. The Secretary shall 
adopt procedures to ensure that legal guidance is published as 
soon as practicable whenever statutory changes to the Uniform 
Code of Military Justice are implemented.

SEC. 544. MODIFICATION OF RULE 104 OF THE RULES FOR COURTS-MARTIAL TO 
                    ESTABLISH CERTAIN PROHIBITIONS CONCERNING 
                    EVALUATIONS OF SPECIAL VICTIMS' COUNSEL.

    Not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of 
this Act, Rule 104(b) of the Rules for Courts-Martial shall be 
modified to provide that the prohibitions concerning 
evaluations established by that Rule shall apply to the giving 
of a less favorable rating or evaluation to any member of the 
Armed Forces serving as a Special Victims' Counsel because of 
the zeal with which such counsel represented a victim.

SEC. 545. MODIFICATION OF RULE 304 OF THE MILITARY RULES OF EVIDENCE 
                    RELATING TO THE CORROBORATION OF A CONFESSION OR 
                    ADMISSION.

    To the extent the President considers practicable, the 
President shall modify Rule 304(c) of the Military Rules of 
Evidence to conform to the rules governing the admissibility of 
the corroboration of admissions and confessions in the trial of 
criminal cases in the United States district courts.

         Subtitle E--Member Education, Training, and Transition

SEC. 551. ENHANCEMENTS TO YELLOW RIBBON REINTEGRATION PROGRAM.

    (a) Scope and Purpose.--Section 582(a) of the National 
Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2008 (Public Law 110-
181; 10 U.S.C. 10101 note) is amended by striking ``combat 
veteran''.
    (b) Eligibility.--
            (1) Definition.--Section 582 of the National 
        Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2008 (Public 
        Law 110-181; 10 U.S.C. 10101 note) is amended by adding 
        at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(l) Eligible Individuals Defined.--For the purposes of 
this section, the term `eligible individual' means a member of 
a reserve component, a member of their family, or a designated 
representative who the Secretary of Defense determines to be 
eligible for the Yellow Ribbon Reintegration Program.''.
            (2) Conforming amendments.--Section 582 of the 
        National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2008 
        (Public Law 110-181; 10 U.S.C. 10101 note) is amended--
                    (A) in subsection (a), by striking 
                ``National Guard and Reserve members and their 
                families'' and inserting ``eligible 
                individuals'';
                    (B) in subsection (b), by striking 
                ``members of the reserve components of the 
                Armed Forces, their families,'' and inserting 
                ``eligible individuals'';
                    (C) in subsection (d)(2)(C), by striking 
                ``members of the Armed Forces and their 
                families'' and inserting ``eligible 
                individuals'';
                    (D) in subsection (h), in the matter 
                preceding paragraph (1)--
                            (i) by striking ``members of the 
                        Armed Forces and their family members'' 
                        and inserting ``eligible individuals''; 
                        and
                            (ii) by striking ``such members and 
                        their family members'' and inserting 
                        ``such eligible individuals'';
                    (E) in subsection (j), by striking 
                ``members of the Armed Forces and their 
                families'' and inserting ``eligible 
                individuals''; and
                    (F) in subsection (k), by striking 
                ``individual members of the Armed Forces and 
                their families'' and inserting ``eligible 
                individuals''.
    (c) Office for Reintegration Programs.--Section 582(d) of 
the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2008 
(Public Law 110-181; 10 U.S.C. 10101 note) is amended--
            (1) in subparagraph (1)(B), by striking ``substance 
        abuse and mental health treatment services'' and 
        inserting ``substance abuse, mental health treatment, 
        and other quality of life services''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following new 
        paragraph:
            ``(3) Grants.--The Office for Reintegration 
        Programs may make grants to conduct data collection, 
        trend analysis, and curriculum development and to 
        prepare reports in support of activities under this 
        section.''.
    (d) Operation of Program.--
            (1) Enhanced flexibility.--Subsection (g) of 
        section 582 of the National Defense Authorization Act 
        for Fiscal Year 2008 (Public Law 110-181; 10 U.S.C. 
        10101 note) is amended to read as follows:
    ``(g) Operation of Program.--
            ``(1) In general.--The Office for Reintegration 
        Programs shall assist State National Guard and Reserve 
        organizations with the development and provision of 
        information, events, and activities to support the 
        health and well-being of eligible individuals before, 
        during, and after periods of activation, mobilization, 
        or deployment.
            ``(2) Focus of information, events, and 
        activities.--
                    ``(A) Before activation, mobilization, or 
                deployment.--Before a period of activation, 
                mobilization, or deployment, the information, 
                events, and activities described in paragraph 
                (1) should focus on preparing eligible 
                individuals and affected communities for the 
                rigors of activation, mobilization, and 
                deployment.
                    ``(B) During activation, mobilization, or 
                deployment.--During such a period, the 
                information, events, and activities described 
                in paragraph (1) should focus on--
                            ``(i) helping eligible individuals 
                        cope with the challenges and stress 
                        associated with such period;
                            ``(ii) decreasing the isolation of 
                        eligible individuals during such 
                        period; and
                            ``(iii) preparing eligible 
                        individuals for the challenges 
                        associated with reintegration.
                    ``(C) After activation, mobilization, or 
                deployment.--After such a period, but no 
                earlier than 30 days after demobilization, the 
                information, events, and activities described 
                in paragraph (1) should focus on--
                            ``(i) reconnecting the member with 
                        their families, friends, and 
                        communities;
                            ``(ii) providing information on 
                        employment opportunities;
                            ``(iii) helping eligible 
                        individuals deal with the challenges of 
                        reintegration;
                            ``(iv) ensuring that eligible 
                        individuals understand what benefits 
                        they are entitled to and what resources 
                        are available to help them overcome the 
                        challenges of reintegration; and
                            ``(v) providing a forum for 
                        addressing negative behaviors related 
                        to operational stress and 
                        reintegration.
            ``(3) Member pay.--Members shall receive 
        appropriate pay for days spent attending such events 
        and activities.
            ``(4) Minimum number of events and activities.--The 
        State National Guard and Reserve Organizations shall 
        provide to eligible individuals--
                    ``(A) one event or activity before a period 
                of activation, mobilization, or deployment;
                    ``(B) one event or activity during a period 
                of activation, mobilization, or deployment; and
                    ``(C) two events or activities after a 
                period of activation, mobilization, or 
                deployment.''.
            (2) Conforming amendments.--Section 582 of the 
        National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2008 
        (Public Law 110-181; 10 U.S.C. 10101 note) is amended--
                    (A) in subsection (a), by striking 
                ``throughout the entire deployment cycle'';
                    (B) in subsection (b)--
                            (i) by striking ``well-being 
                        through the 4 phases'' through the end 
                        of the subsection and inserting ``well-
                        being.'';
                            (ii) in the heading, by striking 
                        ``; Deployment Cycle'';
                    (C) in subsection (d)(2)(C), by striking 
                ``throughout the deployment cycle described in 
                subsection (g)''; and
                    (D) in the heading of subsection (f), by 
                striking ``State Deployment Cycle''.
    (e) Additional Permitted Outreach Service.--Section 582(h) 
of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2008 
(Public Law 110-181; 10 U.S.C. 10101 note) is amended by adding 
at the end the following new paragraph:
            ``(16) Stress management and positive coping 
        skills.''.
    (f) Support of Department-wide Suicide Prevention 
Efforts.--Section 582 of the National Defense Authorization Act 
for Fiscal Year 2008 (Public Law 110-181; 10 U.S.C. 10101 note) 
is amended by inserting after subsection (h) the following new 
subsection:
    ``(i) Support of Suicide Prevention Efforts.--The Office 
for Reintegration Programs shall assist the Defense Suicide 
Prevention Office and the Defense Centers of Excellence for 
Psychological Health and Traumatic Brain Injury to collect and 
analyze information, suggestions, and best practices from State 
National Guard and Reserve organizations with suicide 
prevention and community response programs.''.
    (g) Name Change.--Section 582(d)(1)(B) of the National 
Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2008 (Public Law 110-
181; 10 U.S.C. 10101 note) is amended by striking ``Substance 
Abuse and the Mental Health Services Administration'' and 
inserting ``Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services 
Administration''.

SEC. 552. AVAILABILITY OF PRESEPARATION COUNSELING FOR MEMBERS OF THE 
                    ARMED FORCES DISCHARGED OR RELEASED AFTER LIMITED 
                    ACTIVE DUTY.

    Section 1142(a)(4) of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended--
            (1) in subparagraph (A), by striking ``that 
        member's first 180 days of active duty'' and inserting 
        ``the first 180 continuous days of active duty of the 
        member''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following new 
        subparagraph:
    ``(C) For purposes of calculating the days of active duty 
of a member under subparagraph (A), the Secretary concerned 
shall exclude any day on which--
            ``(i) the member performed full-time training duty 
        or annual training duty; and
            ``(ii) the member attended, while in the active 
        military service, a school designated as a service 
        school by law or by the Secretary concerned.''.

SEC. 553. AVAILABILITY OF ADDITIONAL TRAINING OPPORTUNITIES UNDER 
                    TRANSITION ASSISTANCE PROGRAM.

    Section 1144 of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
adding at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(f) Additional Training Opportunities.--(1) As part of 
the program carried out under this section, the Secretary of 
Defense and the Secretary of the Department in which the Coast 
Guard is operating, when the Coast Guard is not operating 
within the Department of the Navy, shall permit a member of the 
armed forces eligible for assistance under the program to elect 
to receive additional training in any of the following 
subjects:
            ``(A) Preparation for higher education or training.
            ``(B) Preparation for career or technical training.
            ``(C) Preparation for entrepreneurship.
            ``(D) Other training options determined by the 
        Secretary of Defense and the Secretary of the 
        Department in which the Coast Guard is operating, when 
        the Coast Guard is not operating within the Department 
        of the Navy.
    ``(2) The Secretary of Defense and the Secretary of the 
Department in which the Coast Guard is operating, when the 
Coast Guard is not operating within the Department of the Navy, 
shall ensure that a member of the armed forces who elects to 
receive additional training in subjects available under 
paragraph (1) is able to receive the training.''.

SEC. 554. MODIFICATION OF REQUIREMENT FOR IN-RESIDENT INSTRUCTION FOR 
                    COURSES OF INSTRUCTION OFFERED AS PART OF PHASE II 
                    JOINT PROFESSIONAL MILITARY EDUCATION.

    Section 2154(a)(2)(A) of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended by inserting ``, or offered through,'' after ``taught 
in residence at''.

SEC. 555. TERMINATION OF PROGRAM OF EDUCATIONAL ASSISTANCE FOR RESERVE 
                    COMPONENT MEMBERS SUPPORTING CONTINGENCY OPERATIONS 
                    AND OTHER OPERATIONS.

    (a) In General.--Chapter 1607 of title 10, United States 
Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new 
section:

``Sec. 16167. Sunset

    ``(a) Sunset.--The authority to provide educational 
assistance under this chapter shall terminate on the date that 
is four years after the date of the enactment of the National 
Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2016.
    ``(b) Limitation on Provision of Assistance Pending 
Sunset.--Notwithstanding any other provision of this chapter, 
during the period beginning on the date of the enactment of the 
National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2016 and 
ending on the date that is four years after the date of the 
enactment of that Act, educational assistance may be provided 
under this chapter only to a member otherwise eligible for 
educational assistance under this chapter who received 
educational assistance under this chapter for a course of study 
at an educational institution for the enrollment period at the 
educational institution that immediately preceded the date of 
the enactment of that Act.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the 
beginning of chapter 1607 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended by adding at the end the following new item:

``16167. Sunset.''.

SEC. 556. APPOINTMENTS TO MILITARY SERVICE ACADEMIES FROM NOMINATIONS 
                    MADE BY DELEGATES IN CONGRESS FROM THE VIRGIN 
                    ISLANDS, GUAM, AMERICAN SAMOA, AND THE COMMONWEALTH 
                    OF THE NORTHERN MARIANA ISLANDS.

    (a) United States Military Academy.--Section 4342(a) of 
title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (6), by striking ``Three'' and 
        inserting ``Four'';
            (2) in paragraph (8), by striking ``Three'' and 
        inserting ``Four'';
            (3) in paragraph (9), by striking ``Two'' and 
        inserting ``Three''; and
            (4) in paragraph (10), by striking ``Two'' and 
        inserting ``Three''.
    (b) United States Naval Academy.--Section 6954(a) of title 
10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (6), by striking ``Three'' and 
        inserting ``Four'';
            (2) in paragraph (8), by striking ``Three'' and 
        inserting ``Four'';
            (3) in paragraph (9), by striking ``Two'' and 
        inserting ``Three''; and
            (4) in paragraph (10), by striking ``Two'' and 
        inserting ``Three''.
    (c) United States Air Force Academy.--Section 9342(a) of 
title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (6), by striking ``Three'' and 
        inserting ``Four'';
            (2) in paragraph (8), by striking ``Three'' and 
        inserting ``Four'';
            (3) in paragraph (9), by striking ``Two'' and 
        inserting ``Three''; and
            (4) in paragraph (10), by striking ``Two'' and 
        inserting ``Three''.
    (d) Effective Date.--The amendments made by this section 
shall apply with respect to the nomination of candidates for 
appointment to the United States Military Academy, the United 
States Naval Academy, and the United States Air Force Academy 
for classes entering these military service academies after the 
date of the enactment of this Act.

SEC. 557. SUPPORT FOR ATHLETIC PROGRAMS OF THE UNITED STATES MILITARY 
                    ACADEMY.

    (a) In General.--Chapter 403 of title 10, United States 
Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new 
section:

``Sec. 4362. Support of athletic programs

    ``(a) Authority.--
            ``(1) Contracts and cooperative agreements.--The 
        Secretary of the Army may enter into contracts and 
        cooperative agreements with the Army West Point 
        Athletic Association for the purpose of supporting the 
        athletic programs of the Academy. Notwithstanding 
        section 2304(k) of this title, the Secretary may enter 
        such contracts or cooperative agreements on a sole 
        source basis pursuant to section 2304(c)(5) of this 
        title. Notwithstanding chapter 63 of title 31, a 
        cooperative agreement under this section may be used to 
        acquire property or services for the direct benefit or 
        use of the Academy.
            ``(2) Financial controls.--(A) Before entering into 
        a contract or cooperative agreement under paragraph 
        (1), the Secretary shall ensure that such contract or 
        agreement includes appropriate financial controls to 
        account for Academy and Association resources in 
        accordance with accepted accounting principles.
            ``(B) Any such contract or cooperative agreement 
        shall contain a provision that allows the Secretary, at 
        the Secretary's discretion, to review the financial 
        accounts of the Association to determine whether the 
        operations of the Association--
                    ``(i) are consistent with the terms of the 
                contract or cooperative agreement; and
                    ``(ii) will not compromise the integrity or 
                appearance of integrity of any program of the 
                Department of the Army.
            ``(3) Leases.--Section 2667(h) of this title shall 
        not apply to any leases the Secretary may enter into 
        with the Association for the purpose of supporting the 
        athletic programs of the Academy.
    ``(b) Support Services.--
            ``(1) Authority.--To the extent required by a 
        contract or cooperative agreement under subsection (a), 
        the Secretary may provide support services to the 
        Association while the Association conducts its support 
        activities at the Academy. The Secretary may provide 
        support services described in paragraph (2) only if the 
        Secretary determines that the provision of such 
        services is essential for the support of the athletic 
        programs of the Academy.
            ``(2) Support services defined.--(A) In this 
        subsection, the term `support services' includes 
        utilities, office furnishings and equipment, 
        communications services, records staging and archiving, 
        audio and video support, and security systems in 
        conjunction with the leasing or licensing of property.
            ``(B) Such term includes--
                    ``(i) housing for Association personnel on 
                United States Army Garrison, West Point, New 
                York; and
                    ``(ii) enrollment of dependents of 
                Association personnel in elementary and 
                secondary schools under the same criteria 
                applied to dependents of Federal employees 
                under section 2164(a) of this title, except 
                that educational services provided pursuant to 
                this clause shall be provided on a reimbursable 
                basis.
            ``(3) No liability of the united states.--Any such 
        support services may only be provided without any 
        liability of the United States to the Association.
    ``(c) Acceptance of Support.--
            ``(1) Support received from the association.--
        Notwithstanding section 1342 of title 31, the Secretary 
        may accept from the Association funds, supplies, and 
        services for the support of the athletic programs of 
        the Academy. For the purposes of this section, 
        employees or personnel of the Association may not be 
        considered to be employees of the United States.
            ``(2) Funds received from ncaa.--The Secretary may 
        accept funds from the National Collegiate Athletic 
        Association to support the athletic programs of the 
        Academy.
            ``(3) Limitation.--The Secretary shall ensure that 
        contributions under this subsection and expenditure of 
        funds pursuant to subsection (e) do not reflect 
        unfavorably on the ability of the Department of the 
        Army, any of its employees, or any member of the armed 
        forces to carry out any responsibility or duty in a 
        fair and objective manner, or compromise the integrity 
        or appearance of integrity of any program of the 
        Department of the Army, or any individual involved in 
        such a program.
    ``(d) Trademarks and Service Marks.--
            ``(1) Licensing, marketing, and sponsorship 
        agreements.--An agreement under subsection (a) may, 
        consistent with section 2260 of this title (other than 
        subsection (d) of such section), authorize the 
        Association to enter into licensing, marketing, and 
        sponsorship agreements relating to trademarks and 
        service marks identifying the Academy, subject to the 
        approval of the Secretary of the Army.
            ``(2) Limitations.--No licensing, marketing, or 
        sponsorship agreement may be entered into under 
        paragraph (1) if--
                    ``(A) such agreement would reflect 
                unfavorably on the ability of the Department of 
                the Army, any of its employees, or any member 
                of the armed forces to carry out any 
                responsibility or duty in a fair and objective 
                manner; or
                    ``(B) the Secretary determines that the use 
                of the trademark or service mark would 
                compromise the integrity or appearance of 
                integrity of any program of the Department of 
                the Army, or any individual involved in such a 
                program.
    ``(e) Retention and Use of Funds.--Any funds received by 
the Secretary under this section may be retained for use in 
support of the athletic programs of the Academy and shall 
remain available until expended.
    ``(f) Service on Association Board of Directors.--The 
Association is a designated entity for which authorization 
under sections 1033(a) and 1589(a) of this title may be 
provided.
    ``(g) Conditions.--The authority provided in this section 
with respect to the Association is available only so long as 
the Association continues--
            ``(1) to qualify as a nonprofit organization under 
        section 501(c)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 
        and operates in accordance with this section, the law 
        of the State of New York, and the constitution and 
        bylaws of the Association; and
            ``(2) to operate exclusively to support the 
        athletic programs of the Academy.
    ``(h) Association Defined.--In this section, the term 
`Association' means the Army West Point Athletic 
Association.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the 
beginning of chapter 403 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended by adding at the end the following new item:

``4362. Support of athletic programs.''.

SEC. 558. CONDITION ON ADMISSION OF DEFENSE INDUSTRY CIVILIANS TO 
                    ATTEND THE UNITED STATES AIR FORCE INSTITUTE OF 
                    TECHNOLOGY.

    Section 9314a(c)(2) of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended by striking ``will be done on a space-available basis 
and not require an increase in the size of the faculty'' and 
inserting ``will not require an increase in the permanently 
authorized size of the faculty''.

SEC. 559. QUALITY ASSURANCE OF CERTIFICATION PROGRAMS AND STANDARDS FOR 
                    PROFESSIONAL CREDENTIALS OBTAINED BY MEMBERS OF THE 
                    ARMED FORCES.

    Section 2015 of title 10, United States Code, as amended by 
section 551 of the Carl Levin and Howard P. ``Buck'' McKeon 
National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2015 (Public 
Law 113-291; 128 Stat. 3376), is further amended--
            (1) by redesignating subsections (c) and (d) as 
        subsections (d) and (e), respectively; and
            (2) by inserting after subsection (b) the following 
        new subsection (c):
    ``(c) Quality Assurance of Certification Programs and 
Standards.--(1) Commencing not later than three years after the 
date of the enactment of the National Defense Authorization Act 
for Fiscal Year 2016, each Secretary concerned shall ensure 
that any credentialing program used in connection with the 
program under subsection (a) is accredited by an accreditation 
body that meets the requirements specified in paragraph (2).
    ``(2) The requirements for accreditation bodies specified 
in this paragraph are requirements that an accreditation body--
            ``(A) be an independent body that has in place 
        mechanisms to ensure objectivity and impartiality in 
        its accreditation activities;
            ``(B) meet a recognized national or international 
        standard that directs its policy and procedures 
        regarding accreditation;
            ``(C) apply a recognized national or international 
        certification standard in making its accreditation 
        decisions regarding certification bodies and programs;
            ``(D) conduct on-site visits, as applicable, to 
        verify the documents and records submitted by 
        credentialing bodies for accreditation;
            ``(E) have in place policies and procedures to 
        ensure due process when addressing complaints and 
        appeals regarding its accreditation activities;
            ``(F) conduct regular training to ensure consistent 
        and reliable decisions among reviewers conducting 
        accreditations; and
            ``(G) meet such other criteria as the Secretary 
        concerned considers appropriate in order to ensure 
        quality in its accreditation activities.''.

SEC. 560. PROHIBITION ON RECEIPT OF UNEMPLOYMENT INSURANCE WHILE 
                    RECEIVING POST-9/11 EDUCATION ASSISTANCE.

    (a) Effect of Receipt of Post-9/11 Education Assistance.--
Section 8525(b) of title 5, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in the matter preceding paragraph (1), by 
        striking ``he receives'' and inserting ``the individual 
        receives'';
            (2) in paragraph (1), by striking ``or'' after the 
        semicolon;
            (3) by redesignating paragraph (2) as paragraph 
        (3); and
            (4) by inserting after paragraph (1) the following 
        new paragraph (2):
            ``(2) except in the case of an individual described 
        in subsection (a), an educational assistance allowance 
        under chapter 33 of title 38; or''.
    (b) Exception.--Section 8525 of title 5, United States 
Code, is amended by inserting before subsection (b) the 
following new subsection:
    ``(a) Subsection (b)(2) does not apply to an individual 
who--
            ``(1) is otherwise entitled to compensation under 
        this subchapter;
            ``(2) is described in section 3311(b) of title 38;
            ``(3) is not receiving retired pay under title 10; 
        and
            ``(4) was discharged or released from service in 
        the Armed Forces or the Commissioned Corps of the 
        National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration 
        (including through a reduction in force) under 
        honorable conditions, but did not voluntarily separate 
        from such service.''.

SEC. 561. JOB TRAINING AND POST-SERVICE PLACEMENT EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE.

    Section 320 of title 38, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in subsection (b)(2), by inserting ``a 
        subordinate Job Training and Post-Service Placement 
        Executive Committee,'' before ``and such other 
        committees'';
            (2) by adding at the end the following new 
        subsection:
    ``(e) Job Training and Post-Service Placement Executive 
Committee.--The Job Training and Post-Service Placement 
Executive Committee described in subsection (b)(2) shall--
            ``(1) review existing policies, procedures, and 
        practices of the Departments (including the military 
        departments) with respect to job training and post-
        service placement programs; and
            ``(2) identify changes to such policies, 
        procedures, and practices to improve job training and 
        post-service placement.''; and
            (3) in subsection (d)(2), by inserting ``, 
        including with respect to job training and post-service 
        placement'' before the period at the end.

SEC. 562. RECOGNITION OF ADDITIONAL INVOLUNTARY MOBILIZATION DUTY 
                    AUTHORITIES EXEMPT FROM FIVE-YEAR LIMIT ON 
                    REEMPLOYMENT RIGHTS OF PERSONS WHO SERVE IN THE 
                    UNIFORMED SERVICES.

    Section 4312(c)(4)(A) of title 38, United States Code, is 
amended by inserting after ``12304,'' the following: ``12304a, 
12304b,''.

SEC. 563. EXPANSION OF OUTREACH FOR VETERANS TRANSITIONING FROM SERVING 
                    ON ACTIVE DUTY.

    (a) Expansion of Pilot Program.--Section 5(c)(5) of the 
Clay Hunt Suicide Prevention for American Veterans Act (Public 
Law 114-2; 38 U.S.C. 1712A note) is amended--
            (1) in subparagraph (C), by striking ``; and'' and 
        inserting a semicolon;
            (2) in subparagraph (D), by striking the period at 
        the end and inserting ``; and''; and
            (3) by adding at the end the following new 
        subparagraph:
                    ``(E) conducts outreach to individuals 
                transitioning from serving on active duty in 
                the Armed Forces who are participating in the 
                Transition Assistance Program of the Department 
                of Defense or other similar transition programs 
                to inform such individuals of the community 
                oriented veteran peer support network under 
                paragraph (1) and other support programs and 
                opportunities that are available to such 
                individuals.''.
    (b) Inclusion of Information in Interim Report.--Section 
5(d)(1) of the Clay Hunt Suicide Prevention for American 
Veterans Act (Public Law 114-2; 38 U.S.C. 1712A note) is 
amended--
            (1) in subparagraph (C), by striking ``; and'' and 
        inserting a semicolon;
            (2) in subparagraph (D), by striking the period at 
        the end and inserting ``; and''; and
            (3) by adding at the end the following new 
        subparagraph:
                    ``(E) the number of veterans who--
                            ``(i) received outreach from the 
                        Department of Veterans Affairs while 
                        serving on active duty as a member of 
                        the Armed Forces; and
                            ``(ii) participated in a peer 
                        support program under the pilot program 
                        for veterans transitioning from serving 
                        on active duty.''.

Subtitle F--Defense Dependents' Education and Military Family Readiness 
                                Matters

SEC. 571. CONTINUATION OF AUTHORITY TO ASSIST LOCAL EDUCATIONAL 
                    AGENCIES THAT BENEFIT DEPENDENTS OF MEMBERS OF THE 
                    ARMED FORCES AND DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE CIVILIAN 
                    EMPLOYEES.

    (a) Assistance to Schools With Significant Numbers of 
Military Dependent Students.--Of the amount authorized to be 
appropriated for fiscal year 2016 by section 301 and available 
for operation and maintenance for Defense-wide activities as 
specified in the funding table in section 4301, $25,000,000 
shall be available only for the purpose of providing assistance 
to local educational agencies under subsection (a) of section 
572 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
2006 (Public Law 109-163; 20 U.S.C. 7703b).
    (b) Local Educational Agency Defined.--In this section, the 
term ``local educational agency'' has the meaning given that 
term in section 8013(9) of the Elementary and Secondary 
Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 7713(9)).

SEC. 572. IMPACT AID FOR CHILDREN WITH SEVERE DISABILITIES.

    Of the amount authorized to be appropriated for fiscal year 
2016 pursuant to section 301 and available for operation and 
maintenance for Defense-wide activities as specified in the 
funding table in section 4301, $5,000,000 shall be available 
for payments under section 363 of the Floyd D. Spence National 
Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2001 (as enacted into 
law by Public Law 106-398; 114 Stat. 1654A-77; 20 U.S.C. 
7703a).

SEC. 573. AUTHORITY TO USE APPROPRIATED FUNDS TO SUPPORT DEPARTMENT OF 
                    DEFENSE STUDENT MEAL PROGRAMS IN DOMESTIC DEPENDENT 
                    ELEMENTARY AND SECONDARY SCHOOLS LOCATED OUTSIDE 
                    THE UNITED STATES.

    (a) Authority.--Section 2243 of title 10, United States 
Code, is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)--
                    (A) by striking ``the defense dependents' 
                education system'' and inserting ``overseas 
                defense dependents' schools''; and
                    (B) by striking ``students enrolled in that 
                system'' and inserting ``students enrolled in 
                such a school'';
            (2) in subsection (d), by striking ``Department of 
        Defense dependents' schools which are located outside 
        the United States'' and inserting ``overseas defense 
        dependents' schools''; and
            (3) by adding at the end the following new 
        subsection:
    ``(e) Overseas Defense Dependents' School Defined.--In this 
section, the term `overseas defense dependents' school' means 
the following:
            ``(1) A school established as part of the defense 
        dependents' education system provided for under the 
        Defense Dependents' Education Act of 1978 (20 U.S.C. 
        921 et seq.).
            ``(2) An elementary or secondary school established 
        pursuant to section 2164 of this title that is located 
        in a territory, commonwealth, or possession of the 
        United States.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendments.--
            (1) Section heading.--The heading of section 2243 
        of title 10, United States Code, is amended to read as 
        follows:

``Sec. 2243. Authority to use appropriated funds to support student 
                    meal programs in overseas defense dependents' 
                    schools''.

            (2) Table of sections.--The table of sections at 
        the beginning of subchapter I of chapter 134 of title 
        10, United States Code, is amended by striking the item 
        relating to section 2243 and inserting the following 
        new item:

``2243. Authority to use appropriated funds to support student meal 
          programs in overseas defense dependents' schools.''.

SEC. 574. FAMILY SUPPORT PROGRAMS FOR IMMEDIATE FAMILY MEMBERS OF 
                    MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES ASSIGNED TO SPECIAL 
                    OPERATIONS FORCES.

    (a) Extension of Authority to Conduct Programs .--Section 
554(f) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2014 (Public Law 113-66; 10 U.S.C. 1785 note) is amended 
by striking ``2016'' and inserting ``2018''.
    (b) Modification of Reporting Requirement.--Subsection (g) 
of section 554 of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
Fiscal Year 2014 (Public Law 113-66; 10 U.S.C. 1785 note) is 
amended to read as follows:
    ``(g) Report Required.--
            ``(1) In general.--Not later than March 1, 2016, 
        and each March 1 thereafter though the conclusion of 
        the pilot programs conducted under subsection (a), the 
        Commander, in coordination with the Under Secretary of 
        Defense for Personnel and Readiness, shall submit to 
        the congressional defense committees a report 
        describing the progress made in achieving the goals of 
        the pilot programs.
            ``(2) Elements of report.--Each report under this 
        subsection shall include the following for each pilot 
        program:
                    ``(A) A description of the pilot program to 
                address family support requirements not being 
                provided by the Secretary of a military 
                department to immediate family members of 
                members of the Armed Forces assigned to special 
                operations forces.
                    ``(B) An assessment of the impact of the 
                pilot program on the readiness of members of 
                the Armed Forces assigned to special operations 
                forces.
                    ``(C) A comparison of the pilot program to 
                other programs conducted by the Secretaries of 
                the military departments to provide family 
                support to immediate family members of members 
                of the Armed Forces.
                    ``(D) Recommendations for incorporating the 
                lessons learned from the pilot program into 
                family support programs conducted by the 
                Secretaries of the military departments.
                    ``(E) Any other matters considered 
                appropriate by the Commander or the Under 
                Secretary of Defense for Personnel and 
                Readiness.''.

                   Subtitle G--Decorations and Awards

SEC. 581. AUTHORIZATION FOR AWARD OF THE DISTINGUISHED-SERVICE CROSS 
                    FOR ACTS OF EXTRAORDINARY HEROISM DURING THE KOREAN 
                    WAR.

    Notwithstanding the time limitations specified in section 
3744 of title 10, United States Code, or any other time 
limitation with respect to the awarding of certain medals to 
persons who served in the Armed Forces, the Secretary of the 
Army may award the Distinguished-Service Cross under section 
3742 of such title to Edward Halcomb who, while serving in 
Korea as a member of the United States Army in the grade of 
Private First Class in Company B, 1st Battalion, 29th Infantry 
Regiment, 24th Infantry Division, distinguished himself by acts 
of extraordinary heroism from August 20, 1950, to October 19, 
1950, during the Korean War.

          Subtitle H--Miscellaneous Reports and Other Matters

SEC. 591. COORDINATION WITH NON-GOVERNMENT SUICIDE PREVENTION 
                    ORGANIZATIONS AND AGENCIES TO ASSIST IN REDUCING 
                    SUICIDES BY MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES.

    (a) Development of Policy.--The Secretary of Defense, in 
consultation with the Secretaries of the military departments, 
may develop a policy to coordinate the efforts of the 
Department of Defense and non-government suicide prevention 
organizations regarding--
            (1) the use of such non-government organizations to 
        reduce the number of suicides among members of the 
        Armed Forces by comprehensively addressing the needs of 
        members of the Armed Forces who have been identified as 
        being at risk of suicide;
            (2) the delineation of the responsibilities within 
        the Department of Defense regarding interaction with 
        such organizations;
            (3) the collection of data regarding the efficacy 
        and cost of coordinating with such organizations; and
            (4) the preparation and preservation of any 
        reporting material the Secretary determines necessary 
        to carry out the policy.
    (b) Suicide Prevention Efforts.--The Secretary of Defense 
is authorized to take any necessary measures to prevent 
suicides by members of the Armed Forces, including by 
facilitating the access of members of the Armed Forces to 
successful non-governmental treatment regimen.

SEC. 592. EXTENSION OF SEMIANNUAL REPORTS ON THE INVOLUNTARY SEPARATION 
                    OF MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES.

    Section 525(a) of the National Defense Authorization Act 
for Fiscal Year 2013 (Public Law 112-239; 126 Stat. 1724) is 
amended by striking ``calendar years 2013 and 2014'' and ``each 
of calendar years 2013 through 2017''.

SEC. 593. REPORT ON PRELIMINARY MENTAL HEALTH SCREENINGS FOR 
                    INDIVIDUALS BECOMING MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES.

    (a) Report on Recommendations in Connection With 
Screenings.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to 
the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
Representatives a report on the feasibility of conducting, 
before the enlistment or accession of an individual into the 
Armed Forces, a mental health screening of the individual to 
bring mental health screenings to parity with physical 
screenings of prospective members.
    (b) Elements.--The report under subsection (a) shall 
include the following:
            (1) Recommendations with respect to establishing a 
        secure, electronically-based preliminary mental health 
        screening of new members of the Armed Forces.
            (2) Recommendations with respect to the composition 
        of the mental health screening, evidenced-based best 
        practices, and how to track changes in mental health 
        screenings relating to traumatic brain injuries, post-
        traumatic stress disorder, and other conditions.

SEC. 594. REPORT REGARDING NEW RULEMAKING UNDER THE MILITARY LENDING 
                    ACT AND DEFENSE MANPOWER DATA CENTER REPORTS AND 
                    MEETINGS.

    (a) Report on New Military Lending Act Rulemaking.--Not 
later than 60 days after the issuance by the Secretary of 
Defense of the regulation issued with regard to section 987 of 
title 10, United States Code (commonly known as the Military 
Lending Act), and part of 232 of title 32, Code of Federal 
Regulations (its implementing regulation), the Secretary shall 
submit to the congressional defense committees a report that 
discusses--
            (1) the ability and reliability of the Defense 
        Manpower Data Center in meeting real-time requests for 
        accurate information needed to make a determination 
        regarding whether a borrower is covered by the Military 
        Lending Act; or
            (2) an alternate mechanism or mechanisms for 
        identifying such covered borrowers.
    (b) Defense Manpower Data Center Reports and Meetings.--
            (1) Reports on accuracy, reliability, and integrity 
        of systems.--The Director of the Defense Manpower Data 
        Center shall submit to the congressional defense 
        committees reports on the accuracy, reliability, and 
        integrity of the Defense Manpower Data Center systems 
        used to identify covered borrowers and covered 
        policyholders under military consumer protection laws. 
        The first report is due six months after the date of 
        the enactment of this Act, and the Director shall 
        submit additional reports every six months thereafter 
        through December 31, 2020, to show improvements in the 
        accuracy, reliability, and integrity of such systems.
            (2) Report on plan to strengthen capabilities.--Not 
        later than six months after the date of the enactment 
        of this Act, the Director of the Defense Manpower Data 
        Center shall submit to the congressional defense 
        committees a report on plans to strengthen the 
        capabilities of the Defense Manpower Data Center 
        systems, including staffing levels and funding, in 
        order to improve the identification of covered 
        borrowers and covered policyholders under military 
        consumer protection laws.
            (3) Meetings with private sector users of 
        systems.--The Director of the Defense Manpower Data 
        Center shall meet regularly with private sector users 
        of Defense Manpower Data Center systems used to 
        identify covered borrowers and covered policyholders 
        under military consumer protection laws to learn about 
        issues facing such users and to develop ways of 
        addressing such issues. The first meeting pursuant to 
        this requirement shall take place with three months 
        after the date of the enactment of this Act.

SEC. 595. REMOTELY PILOTED AIRCRAFT CAREER FIELD MANNING SHORTFALLS.

    (a) Limitation.--Of the funds authorized to be appropriated 
by this Act or otherwise made available for fiscal year 2016 
for operation and maintenance for the Office of the Secretary 
of the Air Force, not more than 85 percent may be obligated or 
expended until a period of 15 days has elapsed following the 
date on which the Secretary of the Air Force submits to the 
congressional defense committees the report described in 
subsection (b).
    (b) Report Required.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than 60 days after the 
        date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary of the Air 
        Force shall submit to the congressional defense 
        committees a report on remotely piloted aircraft career 
        field manning levels and actions the Air Force will 
        take to rectify personnel shortfalls.
            (2) Elements.--The report required under paragraph 
        (1) shall include the following elements:
                    (A) A description of current and projected 
                manning requirements and inventory levels for 
                remotely piloted aircraft systems.
                    (B) A description of rated and non-rated 
                officer and enlisted manning policies for 
                authorization and inventory levels in effect 
                for remotely piloted aircraft systems and 
                units, to include whether remotely piloted 
                aircraft duty is considered as a permanent Air 
                Force Specialty Code or treated as an ancillary 
                single assignment duty, and if both are used, 
                the division of authorizations between 
                permanently assigned personnel and those who 
                will return to a different primary career 
                field.
                    (C) Comparisons to other Air Force manned 
                combat aircraft systems and units with respect 
                to personnel policies, manpower authorization 
                levels, and projected personnel inventory.
                    (D) Identification and assessment of 
                mitigation actions to increase unit manning 
                levels, including recruitment and retention 
                bonuses, incentive pay, use of enlisted 
                personnel, and increased weighting to remotely 
                piloted aircraft personnel on promotion boards, 
                and to ensure the school house for remotely 
                piloted aircraft personnel is sufficient to 
                meet increased manning demands.
                    (E) Analysis demonstrating the requirements 
                determination for how remotely piloted aircraft 
                pilot and sensor operators are selected, 
                including whether individuals are prior rated 
                or non-rated qualified, what prerequisite 
                training or experience is necessary, and 
                required and types of basic and advanced 
                qualification training for each mission design 
                series of remotely piloted aircraft in the Air 
                Force inventory.
                    (F) Recommendations for changes to existing 
                legislation required to implement mitigation 
                actions.
                    (G) An assessment of the authorization 
                levels of government civilian and contractor 
                support required for sufficiency of remotely 
                piloted aircraft career field manning.
                    (H) A description and associated timeline 
                of actions the Air Force will take to increase 
                remotely piloted aircraft career field manpower 
                authorizations and manning levels to at least 
                the equal of the normative levels of manning 
                and readiness of all other combat aircraft 
                career fields.
                    (I) A description of any other matters 
                concerning remotely piloted aircraft career 
                field manning levels the Secretary of the Air 
                Force determines to be appropriate.
            (3) Form.--The report required under paragraph (1) 
        may be submitted in classified form, but shall also 
        contain an unclassified executive summary and may 
        contain an unclassified annex.
            (4) Nonduplication of effort.--If any information 
        required under paragraph (1) has been included in 
        another report or notification previously submitted to 
        Congress by law, the Secretary of the Air Force may 
        provide a list of such reports and notifications at the 
        time of submitting the report required under this 
        subsection in lieu of including such information in the 
        report.

          TITLE VI--COMPENSATION AND OTHER PERSONNEL BENEFITS

                     Subtitle A--Pay and Allowances

Sec. 601. No fiscal year 2016 increase in military basic pay for general 
          and flag officers.
Sec. 602. Limitation on eligibility for supplemental subsistence 
          allowances to members serving outside the United States and 
          associated territory.
Sec. 603. Phased-in modification of percentage of national average 
          monthly cost of housing usable in computation of basic 
          allowance for housing inside the United States.
Sec. 604. Extension of authority to provide temporary increase in rates 
          of basic allowance for housing under certain circumstances.
Sec. 605. Availability of information under the Food and Nutrition Act 
          of 2008.

           Subtitle B--Bonuses and Special and Incentive Pays

Sec. 611. One-year extension of certain bonus and special pay 
          authorities for reserve forces.
Sec. 612. One-year extension of certain bonus and special pay 
          authorities for health care professionals.
Sec. 613. One-year extension of special pay and bonus authorities for 
          nuclear officers.
Sec. 614. One-year extension of authorities relating to title 37 
          consolidated special pay, incentive pay, and bonus 
          authorities.
Sec. 615. One-year extension of authorities relating to payment of other 
          title 37 bonuses and special pays.
Sec. 616. Increase in maximum annual amount of nuclear officer bonus 
          pay.
Sec. 617. Modification to special aviation incentive pay and bonus 
          authorities for officers.
Sec. 618. Repeal of obsolete authority to pay bonus to encourage Army 
          personnel to refer persons for enlistment in the Army.

            Subtitle C--Travel and Transportation Allowances

Sec. 621. Transportation to transfer ceremonies for family and next of 
          kin of members of the Armed Forces who die overseas during 
          humanitarian operations.
Sec. 622. Repeal of obsolete special travel and transportation allowance 
          for survivors of deceased members of the Armed Forces from the 
          Vietnam conflict.
Sec. 623. Study and report on policy changes to the Joint Travel 
          Regulations.

     Subtitle D--Disability Pay, Retired Pay, and Survivor Benefits

                       Part I--Retired Pay Reform

Sec. 631. Modernized retirement system for members of the uniformed 
          services.
Sec. 632. Full participation for members of the uniformed services in 
          the Thrift Savings Plan.
Sec. 633. Lump sum payments of certain retired pay.
Sec. 634. Continuation pay for full TSP members with 12 years of 
          service.
Sec. 635. Effective date and implementation.

                         Part II--Other Matters

Sec. 641. Death of former spouse beneficiaries and subsequent 
          remarriages under the Survivor Benefit Plan.

    Subtitle E--Commissary and Non-Appropriated Fund Instrumentality 
                         Benefits and Operations

Sec. 651. Plan to obtain budget-neutrality for the defense commissary 
          system and the military exchange system.
Sec. 652. Comptroller General of the United States report on the 
          Commissary Surcharge, Non-appropriated Fund, and Privately-
          Financed Major Construction Program.

                        Subtitle F--Other Matters

Sec. 661. Improvement of financial literacy and preparedness of members 
          of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 662. Recordation of obligations for installment payments of 
          incentive pays, allowances, and similar benefits when payment 
          is due.

                     Subtitle A--Pay and Allowances

SEC. 601. NO FISCAL YEAR 2016 INCREASE IN MILITARY BASIC PAY FOR 
                    GENERAL AND FLAG OFFICERS.

    Section 203(a)(2) of title 37, United States Code, shall be 
applied for rates of basic pay payable for commissioned 
officers in pay grades O-7 through O-10 during calendar year 
2016 by using the rate of pay for level II of the Executive 
Schedule in effect during 2014. The rates of basic pay payable 
for such officers shall not increase during calendar year 2016.

SEC. 602. LIMITATION ON ELIGIBILITY FOR SUPPLEMENTAL SUBSISTENCE 
                    ALLOWANCES TO MEMBERS SERVING OUTSIDE THE UNITED 
                    STATES AND ASSOCIATED TERRITORY.

    Section 402a(b) of title 37, United States Code, is 
amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1), by inserting ``and paragraph 
        (4)'' after ``subsection (d)''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following new 
        paragraph:
    ``(4) After September 30, 2016, a member is eligible for a 
supplemental subsistence allowance under this section only if 
the member is serving outside the United States, the 
Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, the United States Virgin Islands, 
or Guam.''.

SEC. 603. PHASED-IN MODIFICATION OF PERCENTAGE OF NATIONAL AVERAGE 
                    MONTHLY COST OF HOUSING USABLE IN COMPUTATION OF 
                    BASIC ALLOWANCE FOR HOUSING INSIDE THE UNITED 
                    STATES.

    Section 403(b)(3)(B) of title 37, United States Code, is 
amended by striking ``may not exceed one percent.'' and 
inserting the following: ``may not exceed the following:
            ``(i) One percent for months occurring during 2015.
            ``(ii) Two percent for months occurring during 
        2016.
            ``(iii) Three percent for months occurring during 
        2017.
            ``(iv) Four percent for months occurring during 
        2018.
            ``(v) Five percent for months occurring after 
        2018.''.

SEC. 604. EXTENSION OF AUTHORITY TO PROVIDE TEMPORARY INCREASE IN RATES 
                    OF BASIC ALLOWANCE FOR HOUSING UNDER CERTAIN 
                    CIRCUMSTANCES.

    Section 403(b)(7)(E) of title 37, United States Code, is 
amended by striking ``December 31, 2015'' and inserting 
``December 31, 2016''.

SEC. 605. AVAILABILITY OF INFORMATION UNDER THE FOOD AND NUTRITION ACT 
                    OF 2008.

    In administering the supplemental nutrition assistance 
program established under the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 
U.S.C. 2011 et seq.), the Secretary of Agriculture shall ensure 
that any safeguards that prevent the use or disclosure of 
information obtained from applicant households shall not 
prevent the use of that information by, or the disclosure of 
that information to, the Secretary of Defense for purposes of 
determining the number of applicant households that contain one 
or more members of a regular component or reserve component of 
the Armed Forces.

           Subtitle B--Bonuses and Special and Incentive Pays

SEC. 611. ONE-YEAR EXTENSION OF CERTAIN BONUS AND SPECIAL PAY 
                    AUTHORITIES FOR RESERVE FORCES.

    The following sections of title 37, United States Code, are 
amended by striking ``December 31, 2015'' and inserting 
``December 31, 2016'':
            (1) Section 308b(g), relating to Selected Reserve 
        reenlistment bonus.
            (2) Section 308c(i), relating to Selected Reserve 
        affiliation or enlistment bonus.
            (3) Section 308d(c), relating to special pay for 
        enlisted members assigned to certain high-priority 
        units.
            (4) Section 308g(f)(2), relating to Ready Reserve 
        enlistment bonus for persons without prior service.
            (5) Section 308h(e), relating to Ready Reserve 
        enlistment and reenlistment bonus for persons with 
        prior service.
            (6) Section 308i(f), relating to Selected Reserve 
        enlistment and reenlistment bonus for persons with 
        prior service.
            (7) Section 478a(e), relating to reimbursement of 
        travel expenses for inactive-duty training outside of 
        normal commuting distance.
            (8) Section 910(g), relating to income replacement 
        payments for reserve component members experiencing 
        extended and frequent mobilization for active duty 
        service.

SEC. 612. ONE-YEAR EXTENSION OF CERTAIN BONUS AND SPECIAL PAY 
                    AUTHORITIES FOR HEALTH CARE PROFESSIONALS.

    (a) Title 10 Authorities.--The following sections of title 
10, United States Code, are amended by striking ``December 31, 
2015'' and inserting ``December 31, 2016'':
            (1) Section 2130a(a)(1), relating to nurse officer 
        candidate accession program.
            (2) Section 16302(d), relating to repayment of 
        education loans for certain health professionals who 
        serve in the Selected Reserve.
    (b) Title 37 Authorities.--The following sections of title 
37, United States Code, are amended by striking ``December 31, 
2015'' and inserting ``December 31, 2016'':
            (1) Section 302c-1(f), relating to accession and 
        retention bonuses for psychologists.
            (2) Section 302d(a)(1), relating to accession bonus 
        for registered nurses.
            (3) Section 302e(a)(1), relating to incentive 
        special pay for nurse anesthetists.
            (4) Section 302g(e), relating to special pay for 
        Selected Reserve health professionals in critically 
        short wartime specialties.
            (5) Section 302h(a)(1), relating to accession bonus 
        for dental officers.
            (6) Section 302j(a), relating to accession bonus 
        for pharmacy officers.
            (7) Section 302k(f), relating to accession bonus 
        for medical officers in critically short wartime 
        specialties.
            (8) Section 302l(g), relating to accession bonus 
        for dental specialist officers in critically short 
        wartime specialties.

SEC. 613. ONE-YEAR EXTENSION OF SPECIAL PAY AND BONUS AUTHORITIES FOR 
                    NUCLEAR OFFICERS.

    The following sections of title 37, United States Code, are 
amended by striking ``December 31, 2015'' and inserting 
``December 31, 2016'':
            (1) Section 312(f), relating to special pay for 
        nuclear-qualified officers extending period of active 
        service.
            (2) Section 312b(c), relating to nuclear career 
        accession bonus.
            (3) Section 312c(d), relating to nuclear career 
        annual incentive bonus.

SEC. 614. ONE-YEAR EXTENSION OF AUTHORITIES RELATING TO TITLE 37 
                    CONSOLIDATED SPECIAL PAY, INCENTIVE PAY, AND BONUS 
                    AUTHORITIES.

    The following sections of title 37, United States Code, are 
amended by striking ``December 31, 2015'' and inserting 
``December 31, 2016'':
            (1) Section 331(h), relating to general bonus 
        authority for enlisted members.
            (2) Section 332(g), relating to general bonus 
        authority for officers.
            (3) Section 333(i), relating to special bonus and 
        incentive pay authorities for nuclear officers.
            (4) Section 334(i), relating to special aviation 
        incentive pay and bonus authorities for officers.
            (5) Section 335(k), relating to special bonus and 
        incentive pay authorities for officers in health 
        professions.
            (6) Section 336(g), relating to contracting bonus 
        for cadets and midshipmen enrolled in the Senior 
        Reserve Officers' Training Corps.
            (7) Section 351(h), relating to hazardous duty pay.
            (8) Section 352(g), relating to assignment pay or 
        special duty pay.
            (9) Section 353(i), relating to skill incentive pay 
        or proficiency bonus.
            (10) Section 355(h), relating to retention 
        incentives for members qualified in critical military 
        skills or assigned to high priority units.

SEC. 615. ONE-YEAR EXTENSION OF AUTHORITIES RELATING TO PAYMENT OF 
                    OTHER TITLE 37 BONUSES AND SPECIAL PAYS.

    The following sections of title 37, United States Code, are 
amended by striking ``December 31, 2015'' and inserting 
``December 31, 2016'':
            (1) Section 301b(a), relating to aviation officer 
        retention bonus.
            (2) Section 307a(g), relating to assignment 
        incentive pay.
            (3) Section 308(g), relating to reenlistment bonus 
        for active members.
            (4) Section 309(e), relating to enlistment bonus.
            (5) Section 316a(g), relating to incentive pay for 
        members of precommissioning programs pursuing foreign 
        language proficiency.
            (6) Section 324(g), relating to accession bonus for 
        new officers in critical skills.
            (7) Section 326(g), relating to incentive bonus for 
        conversion to military occupational specialty to ease 
        personnel shortage.
            (8) Section 327(h), relating to incentive bonus for 
        transfer between Armed Forces.
            (9) Section 330(f), relating to accession bonus for 
        officer candidates.

SEC. 616. INCREASE IN MAXIMUM ANNUAL AMOUNT OF NUCLEAR OFFICER BONUS 
                    PAY.

    Section 333(d)(1)(A) of title 37, United States Code, is 
amended by striking ``$35,000'' and inserting ``$50,000''.

SEC. 617. MODIFICATION TO SPECIAL AVIATION INCENTIVE PAY AND BONUS 
                    AUTHORITIES FOR OFFICERS.

    (a) Clarification of Secretarial Authority To Set 
Requirements for Aviation Incentive Pay Eligibility.--
Subsection (a) of section 334 of title 37, United States Code, 
is amended--
            (1) by redesignating paragraphs (1), (2), (3), (4), 
        and (5) as subparagraphs (A), (B), (C), (D), and (E), 
        respectively, and moving the margin of such 
        subparagraphs, as so redesignated, 2 ems to the right;
            (2) by striking ``The Secretary'' and inserting the 
        following:
            ``(1) Incentive pay authorized.--The Secretary''; 
        and
            (3) by adding at the end the following new 
        paragraph (2):
            ``(2) Officers not currently engaged in flying 
        duty.--The Secretary concerned may pay aviation 
        incentive pay under this section to an officer who is 
        otherwise qualified for such pay but who is not 
        currently engaged in the performance of operational 
        flying duty or proficiency flying duty if the Secretary 
        determines, under regulations prescribed under section 
        374 of this title, that payment of aviation incentive 
        pay to that officer is in the best interests of the 
        service.''.
    (b) Restoration of Authority To Pay Aviation Incentive Pay 
to Medical Officers Performing Flight Surgeon Duties.--
Subsection (h)(1) of such section is amended by striking 
``(except a flight surgeon or other medical officer)''.
    (c) Increase in Maximum Amount of Aviation Special Pays for 
Flying Duty of Remotely Piloted Aircraft.--Subsection (c)(1) of 
such section is amended--
            (1) in subparagraph (A), by striking ``exceed $850 
        per month; and'' and inserting ``exceed--
                            ``(i) $1,000 per month for officers 
                        performing qualifying flying duty 
                        relating to remotely piloted aircraft 
                        (RPA); or
                            ``(ii) $850 per month for officers 
                        performing other qualifying flying 
                        duty; and''; and
            (2) in subparagraph (B), by striking ``$25,000'' 
        and all that follows and inserting ``, for each 12-
        month period of obligated service agreed to under 
        subsection (d)--
                            ``(i) $35,000 for officers 
                        performing qualifying flying duty 
                        relating to remotely piloted aircraft; 
                        or
                            ``(ii) $25,000 for officers 
                        performing other qualifying flying 
                        duty.''.
    (d) Authority To Pay Aviation Bonus and Skill Incentive Pay 
to Officers Simultaneously.--Subsection (f) of such section is 
amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1), by striking ``353'' and 
        inserting ``353(a)''; and
            (2) in paragraph (2)--
                    (A) by striking ``a payment'' and inserting 
                ``a bonus payment''; and
                    (B) by striking ``353'' and inserting 
                ``353(b)''.
    (e) Report.--Not later than February 1, 2016, the Secretary 
of Defense shall submit to the congressional defense committees 
a report setting forth the empirical case for an increase in 
special and incentive pay for aviation officers in order to 
address a specific, statistically-based retention problem with 
respect to such officers. The report shall include the results 
of a study, conducted by the Secretary in connection with the 
case, on a market-based compensation approach to the retention 
of such officers that considers the pay and allowances offered 
by commercial airlines to pilots and the propensity of pilots 
to leave the Air Force to become commercial airline pilots.

SEC. 618. REPEAL OF OBSOLETE AUTHORITY TO PAY BONUS TO ENCOURAGE ARMY 
                    PERSONNEL TO REFER PERSONS FOR ENLISTMENT IN THE 
                    ARMY.

    (a) Repeal.--Section 3252 of title 10, United States Code, 
is repealed.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the 
beginning of chapter 333 of such title is amended by striking 
the item relating to section 3252.

            Subtitle C--Travel and Transportation Allowances

SEC. 621. TRANSPORTATION TO TRANSFER CEREMONIES FOR FAMILY AND NEXT OF 
                    KIN OF MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES WHO DIE OVERSEAS 
                    DURING HUMANITARIAN OPERATIONS.

    Section 481f(e)(1) of title 37, United States Code, is 
amended by inserting ``(including during a humanitarian relief 
operation)'' after ``located or serving overseas''.

SEC. 622. REPEAL OF OBSOLETE SPECIAL TRAVEL AND TRANSPORTATION 
                    ALLOWANCE FOR SURVIVORS OF DECEASED MEMBERS OF THE 
                    ARMED FORCES FROM THE VIETNAM CONFLICT.

    (a) Repeal and Redesignation.--Section 481f of title 37, 
United States Code, is amended--
            (1) by striking subsection (d); and
            (2) by redesignating subsections (e), (f), (g), and 
        (h) as subsections (d), (e), (f), and (g), 
        respectively.
    (b) Conforming Amendment to Cross Reference.--Section 
2493(a)(4)(B)(ii) of title 10, United States Code, is amended 
by striking ``section 481f(e)'' and inserting ``section 
481f(d)''.

SEC. 623. STUDY AND REPORT ON POLICY CHANGES TO THE JOINT TRAVEL 
                    REGULATIONS.

    (a) Study.--The Comptroller General of the United States 
shall conduct a study on the impact of the policy changes to 
the Joint Travel Regulations for the Uniformed Service Members 
and Department of Defense Civilian Employees related to flat 
rate per diem for long term temporary duty travel that took 
effect on November 1, 2014. The study shall assess the 
following:
            (1) The impact of such changes on shipyard workers 
        who travel on long-term temporary duty assignments.
            (2) Whether such changes have discouraged employees 
        of the Department of Defense, including civilian 
        employees at shipyards and depots, from volunteering 
        for important temporary duty travel assignments.
    (b) Report.--Not later than June 1, 2016, the Comptroller 
General shall submit to the Committee on Armed Services of the 
Senate and the Committee on Armed Services of the House of 
Representatives a report on the study required by subsection 
(a).

     Subtitle D--Disability Pay, Retired Pay, and Survivor Benefits

                       PART I--RETIRED PAY REFORM

SEC. 631. MODERNIZED RETIREMENT SYSTEM FOR MEMBERS OF THE UNIFORMED 
                    SERVICES.

    (a) Regular Service.--Section 1409(b) of title 10, United 
States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new 
paragraph:
            ``(4) Modernized retirement system.--
                    ``(A) Reduced multiplier for full tsp 
                members.--Notwithstanding paragraphs (1), (2), 
                and (3), in the case of a member who first 
                becomes a member of the uniformed services on 
                or after January 1, 2018, or a member who makes 
                the election described in subparagraph (B) 
                (referred to as a `full TSP member')--
                            ``(i) paragraph (1)(A) shall be 
                        applied by substituting `2' for `2\1/
                        2\';
                            ``(ii) clause (i) of paragraph 
                        (3)(B) shall be applied by substituting 
                        `60 percent' for `75 percent'; and
                            ``(iii) clause (ii)(I) of such 
                        paragraph shall be applied by 
                        substituting `2' for `2\1/2\'.
                    ``(B) Election to participate in modernized 
                retirement system.--Pursuant to subparagraph 
                (C), a member of a uniformed service serving on 
                December 31, 2017, who has served in the 
                uniformed services for fewer than 12 years as 
                of December 31, 2017, may elect, in exchange 
                for the reduced multipliers described in 
                subparagraph (A) for purposes of calculating 
                the retired pay of the member, to receive 
                Thrift Savings Plan contributions pursuant to 
                section 8440e(e) of title 5.
                    ``(C) Election period.--
                            ``(i) In general.--Except as 
                        provided in clauses (ii) and (iii), a 
                        member of a uniformed service described 
                        in subparagraph (B) may make the 
                        election authorized by that 
                        subparagraph only during the period 
                        that begins on January 1, 2018, and 
                        ends on December 31, 2018.
                            ``(ii) Hardship extension.--The 
                        Secretary concerned may extend the 
                        election period described in clause (i) 
                        for a member who experiences a hardship 
                        as determined by the Secretary 
                        concerned.
                            ``(iii) Effect of break in 
                        service.--A member of a uniformed 
                        service who returns to service after a 
                        break in service that occurs during the 
                        election period specified in clause (i) 
                        shall make the election described in 
                        subparagraph (B) within 30 days after 
                        the date of the reentry into service of 
                        the member.
                    ``(D) No retroactive contributions pursuant 
                to election.--Thrift Savings Plan contributions 
                may not be made for a member making an election 
                pursuant to subparagraph (B) for any period 
                beginning before the date of the member's 
                election under that subparagraph by reason of 
                the member's election.
                    ``(E) Regulations.--The Secretary concerned 
                shall prescribe regulations to implement this 
                paragraph.''.
    (b) Non-regular Service.--Section 12739 of title 10, United 
States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new 
subsection:
    ``(f) Modernized Retirement System.--
            ``(1) Reduced multiplier for full tsp members.--
        Notwithstanding subsection (a) or (c), in the case of a 
        person who first performs reserve component service on 
        or after January 1, 2018, after not having performed 
        regular or reserve component service on or before that 
        date, or a person who makes the election described in 
        paragraph (2) (referred to as a `full TSP member')--
                    ``(A) subsection (a)(2) shall be applied by 
                substituting `2 percent' for `2\1/2\ percent';
                    ``(B) subparagraph (A) of subsection (c)(2) 
                shall be applied by substituting `60 percent' 
                for `75 percent'; and
                    ``(C) subparagraph (B)(ii) of such 
                subsection shall be applied by substituting `2 
                percent' for `2\1/2\ percent'.
            ``(2) Election to participate in modernized 
        retirement system.--
                    ``(A) In general.--Pursuant to subparagraph 
                (B), a person performing reserve component 
                service on December 31, 2017, who has performed 
                fewer than 12 years of service as of December 
                31, 2017 (as computed in accordance with 
                section 12733 of this title), may elect, in 
                exchange for the reduced multipliers described 
                in paragraph (1) for purposes of calculating 
                the retired pay of the person, to receive 
                Thrift Savings Plan contributions pursuant to 
                section 8440e(e) of title 5.
                    ``(B) Election period.--
                            ``(i) In general.--Except as 
                        provided in clauses (ii) and (iii), a 
                        person described in subparagraph (A) 
                        may make the election described in that 
                        subparagraph during the period that 
                        begins on January 1, 2018, and ends on 
                        December 31, 2018.
                            ``(ii) Hardship extension.--The 
                        Secretary concerned may extend the 
                        election period described in clause (i) 
                        for a person who experiences a hardship 
                        as determined by the Secretary 
                        concerned.
                            ``(iii) Persons experiencing break 
                        in service.--A person returning to 
                        reserve component service after a break 
                        in reserve component service in which 
                        falls the election period specified in 
                        clause (i) shall make the election 
                        described in subparagraph (A) on the 
                        date of the reentry into service of the 
                        person.
                    ``(C) No retroactive contributions pursuant 
                to election.--Thrift Savings Plan contributions 
                may not be made for a person making an election 
                pursuant to subparagraph (A) for any pay period 
                beginning before the date of the person's 
                election under that subparagraph by reason of 
                the person's election.
            ``(3) Regulations.--The Secretary concerned shall 
        prescribe regulations to implement this subsection.''.
    (c) Coordinating Amendments to Other Retirement 
Authorities.--
            (1) Disability, warrant officers, and dopma retired 
        pay.--
                    (A) Computation of retired pay.--The table 
                in section 1401(a) of title 10, United States 
                Code, is amended--
                            (i) in paragraph (1) in column 2 of 
                        formula number 1, by striking ``2\1/2\% 
                        of years of service credited to him 
                        under section 1208'' and inserting 
                        ``the retired pay multiplier determined 
                        for the member under section 1409 of 
                        this title''; and
                            (ii) in paragraph (1) in column 2 
                        of formula number 2, by striking ``2\1/
                        2\% of years of service credited to him 
                        under section 1208'' and inserting 
                        ``the retired pay multiplier determined 
                        for the member under section 1409 of 
                        this title''; and
                            (iii) in column 2 of each of 
                        formula number 4 and formula number 5, 
                        by striking ``section 1409(a)'' and 
                        inserting ``section 1409''.
                    (B) Clarification regarding modernized 
                retirement system.--Section 1401a(b) of title 
                10, United States Code, is amended--
                            (i) by redesignating paragraph (5) 
                        as paragraph (6); and
                            (ii) by inserting after paragraph 
                        (4) the following new paragraph (5):
            ``(5) Adjustments for participants in modernized 
        retirement system.--Notwithstanding paragraph (3), if a 
        member or former member participates in the modernized 
        retirement system by reason of section 1409(b)(4) of 
        this title (including pursuant to an election under 
        subparagraph (B) of that section), the Secretary shall 
        increase the retired pay of such member in accordance 
        with paragraph (2).''.
            (2) 15-year career status bonus.--Section 354 of 
        title 37, United States Code, is amended--
                    (A) in subsection (f)--
                            (i) by striking ``If a'' and 
                        inserting ``(1) If a''; and
                            (ii) by adding at the end the 
                        following new paragraph:
    ``(2) If a person who is paid a bonus under this section 
subsequently makes an election described in section 
1409(b)(4)(B) of title 10, the person shall repay any bonus 
payments received under this section in the same manner as 
repayments are made under section 373 of this title.''; and
                    (B) by adding at the end the following new 
                subsection:
    ``(g) Sunset and Continuation of Payments.--(1) A Secretary 
concerned may not pay a new bonus under this section after 
December 31, 2017.
    ``(2) Subject to subsection (f)(2), the Secretary concerned 
may continue to make payments for bonuses that were awarded 
under this section on or before the date specified in paragraph 
(1).''.
            (3) Application to national oceanic and atmospheric 
        administration commissioned corps.--Paragraph (2) of 
        section 245(a) of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric 
        Administration Commissioned Officer Corps Act of 2002 
        (33 U.S.C. 3045(a)) is amended to read as follows:
            ``(2) the retired pay multiplier determined under 
        section 1409 of such title for the number of years of 
        service that may be credited to the officer under 
        section 1405 of such title as if the officer's service 
        were service as a member of the Armed Forces.''.
            (4) Application to public health service.--Section 
        211(a)(4) of the Public Health Service Act (42 U.S.C. 
        212(a)(4)) is amended--
                    (A) in the matter preceding subparagraph 
                (A), by striking ``at the rate of 2 \1/2\ per 
                centum of the basic pay of the highest grade 
                held by him as such officer'' and inserting 
                ``calculated by multiplying the retired pay 
                base determined under section 1406 of title 10, 
                United States Code, by the retired pay 
                multiplier determined under section 1409 of 
                such title for the numbers of years of service 
                credited to the officer under this paragraph''; 
                and
                    (B) in the matter following subparagraph 
                (B)(iii)--
                            (i) in subparagraph (C), by 
                        striking ``such pay, and'' and 
                        inserting ``such pay,''; and
                            (ii) in subparagraph (D), by 
                        striking ``such basic pay.'' and 
                        inserting ``such basic pay, and (E) in 
                        the case of any officer who 
                        participates in the modernized 
                        retirement system by reason of section 
                        1409(b) of title 10, United States Code 
                        (including pursuant to an election 
                        under subparagraph (B) of that 
                        section), subparagraph (C) shall be 
                        applied by substituting `40 per centum' 
                        for `50 per centum' each place the term 
                        appears.''.
    (d) Repeal of Reduced Cost-of-living Adjustments for 
Members Under the Age of 62.--The following amendments shall 
not take effect:
            (1) The amendments to be made by section 403 of the 
        Bipartisan Budget Act of 2013 (Public Law 113-67; 127 
        Stat. 1186), as amended by section 10001(a) of the 
        Department of Defense Appropriations Act, 2014 
        (division C of Public Law 113-76; 128 Stat. 151), 
        section 2 of Public Law 113-82 (128 Stat. 1009), and 
        section 623 of the Carl Levin and Howard P. ``Buck'' 
        McKeon National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
        Year 2015 (Public Law 113-291; 128 Stat. 3403).
            (2) The amendments to be made by section 10001(b) 
        of the Department of Defense Appropriations Act, 2014.

SEC. 632. FULL PARTICIPATION FOR MEMBERS OF THE UNIFORMED SERVICES IN 
                    THE THRIFT SAVINGS PLAN.

    (a) Modernized Retirement System.--
            (1) Definitions.--Section 8440e(a) of title 5, 
        United States Code, is amended by striking paragraphs 
        (1) and (2) and inserting the following new paragraphs:
            ``(1) the term `basic pay' means basic pay payable 
        under section 204 of title 37;
            ``(2) the term `full TSP member' means a member 
        described in subsection (e)(1);
            ``(3) the term `member' has the meaning given the 
        term in section 211 of title 37; and
            ``(4) the term `Secretary concerned' has the 
        meaning given the term in section 101 of title 37.''.
            (2) TSP contributions.--Subsection (e) of section 
        8440e of title 5, United States Code, is amended to 
        read as follows:
    ``(e) Modernized Retirement System.--
            ``(1) TSP contributions.--Notwithstanding any other 
        provision of law, the Secretary concerned shall make 
        contributions to the Thrift Savings Fund, in accordance 
        with section 8432 (except to the extent the 
        requirements under such section are modified by this 
        subsection), for the benefit of a member--
                    ``(A) who first enters a uniformed service 
                on or after January 1, 2018; or
                    ``(B) who--
                            ``(i) first entered a uniformed 
                        service before January 1, 2018;
                            ``(ii) has completed fewer than 12 
                        years of service in the uniformed 
                        services as of December 31, 2017; and
                            ``(iii) makes the election 
                        described in section 1409(b)(4)(B) or 
                        12729(f)(2) of title 10 to receive 
                        Thrift Savings Plan contributions under 
                        this subsection in exchange for the 
                        reduced multipliers described in 
                        section 1409(b)(4)(A) or 12739(f)(1) of 
                        title 10, as applicable, for purposes 
                        of calculating the retired pay of the 
                        member.
            ``(2) Maximum amount.--The amount contributed under 
        this subsection by the Secretary concerned for the 
        benefit of a full TSP member for any pay period shall 
        not be more than 5 percent of the member's basic pay 
        for such pay period. Any such contribution under this 
        subsection, though in accordance with section 8432 as 
        provided in paragraph (1), is instead of, and not in 
        addition to, amounts contributable under section 8432 
        as provided in section 8432(c).
            ``(3) Timing and duration of contributions.--
                    ``(A) Automatic contributions.--The 
                Secretary concerned shall make a contribution 
                described in section 8432(c)(1) under this 
                subsection for the benefit of a member 
                described in paragraph (1) for any pay period 
                during the period that--
                            ``(i) begins--
                                    ``(I) on or after the day 
                                that is 60 days afer the date 
                                the member first enters a 
                                uniformed service, in the case 
                                of a member described in 
                                paragraph (1)(A); or
                                    ``(II) on or after the date 
                                the member makes the election 
                                described in paragraph (1)(B), 
                                in the case of a member making 
                                such an election; and
                            ``(ii) ends on the day such member 
                        completes 26 years of service as a 
                        member of the uniformed services.
                    ``(B) Matching contributions.--The 
                Secretary concerned shall make a contribution 
                described in section 8432(c)(2) under this 
                subsection for the benefit of a member 
                described in paragraph (1) for any pay period 
                during the period that--
                            ``(i) begins--
                                    ``(I) on or after the day 
                                that is 2 years and 1 day after 
                                the date the member first 
                                enters a uniformed service, in 
                                the case of a member described 
                                in paragraph (1)(A); or
                                    ``(II) on or after the date 
                                the member makes the election 
                                described in paragraph (1)(B), 
                                in the case of a member making 
                                such an election; and
                            ``(ii) ends on the day such member 
                        completes 26 years of service as a 
                        member of the uniformed services.
            ``(4) Protections for spouses and former spouses.--
        Section 8435 shall apply to a full TSP member in the 
        same manner as such section is applied to an employee 
        or Member under such section.''.
    (b) Automatic Enrollment in Thrift Savings Plan.--Section 
8432(b)(2) of title 5, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in subparagraph (D)(ii), by striking 
        ``Members'' and inserting ``(ii) Except in the case of 
        a full TSP member (as defined in section 8440e(a)), 
        members'';
            (2) in subparagraph (E), by striking 
        ``8440e(a)(1)'' and inserting ``8440e(b)(1)''; and
            (3) by adding at the end the following new 
        subparagraph:
    ``(F) Notwithstanding any other provision of this 
paragraph, if a full TSP member (as defined in section 
8440e(a)) has declined automatic enrollment into the Thrift 
Savings Plan for a year, the full TSP member shall be 
automatically reenrolled on January 1 of the succeeding year, 
with contributions under subsection (a) at the default 
percentage of basic pay.''.
    (c) Vesting.--
            (1) Two-years of service.--Section 8432(g)(2) of 
        title 5, United States Code, is amended--
                    (A) in subparagraph (A)(iii), by striking 
                ``or'' after the semicolon;
                    (B) in subparagraph (B), by striking the 
                period at the end and inserting ``; or''; and
                    (C) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(C) 2 years of service in the case of a member of 
        the uniformed services.''.
            (2) Separation.--Section 8432(g) of title 5, United 
        States Code, is amended by adding at the end the 
        following new paragraph:
    ``(6) For purposes of this subsection, a member of the 
uniformed services shall be considered to have separated from 
Government employment if the member is discharged or released 
from service in the uniformed services.''.
    (d) Thrift Savings Plan Default Investment Fund.--Section 
8438(c)(2) of title 5, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in subparagraph (A), by striking ``(A) 
        Consistent with the requirements of subparagraph (B), 
        if an'' and inserting ``If an''; and
            (2) by striking subparagraph (B).
    (e) Repeal of Separate Contribution Agreement Authority.--
            (1) Repeal.--Section 211 of title 37, United States 
        Code, is amended--
                    (A) by striking subsection (d); and
                    (B) by redesignating subsection (e) as 
                subsection (d).
            (2) Conforming amendment.--Section 8432b(c)(2)(B) 
        of title 5, United States Code, is amended by striking 
        ``(including pursuant to an agreement under section 
        211(d) of title 37)''.

SEC. 633. LUMP SUM PAYMENTS OF CERTAIN RETIRED PAY.

    (a) Lump Sum Payments of Certain Retired Pay.--
            (1) In general.--Chapter 71 of title 10, United 
        States Code, is amended by adding at the end the 
        following new section:

``Sec. 1415. Lump sum payment of certain retired pay

    ``(a) Definitions.--In this section:
            ``(1) Covered retired pay.--The term `covered 
        retired pay' means retired pay under--
                    ``(A) this title;
                    ``(B) title 14;
                    ``(C) the National Oceanic and Atmospheric 
                Administration Commissioned Officer Corps Act 
                of 2002 (33 U.S.C. 3001 et seq.); or
                    ``(D) the Public Health Service Act (42 
                U.S.C. 201 et seq.).
            ``(2) Eligible person.--The term `eligible person' 
        means a person who--
                    ``(A)(i) first becomes a member of a 
                uniformed service on or after January 1, 2018; 
                or
                    ``(ii) makes the election described in 
                section 1409(b)(4)(B) or 12739(f)(2) of this 
                title; and
                    ``(B) does not retire or separate under 
                chapter 61 of this title.
            ``(3) Retirement age.--The term `retirement age' 
        has the meaning given the term in section 216(l) of the 
        Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 416(l)).
    ``(b) Election of Lump Sum Payment of Certain Retired 
Pay.--
            ``(1) In general.--An eligible person entitled to 
        covered retired pay (including an eligible person who 
        is entitled to such pay by reason of an election 
        described in subsection (a)(2)(A)(ii)) may elect to 
        receive--
                    ``(A) a lump sum payment of the discounted 
                present value at the time of the election of an 
                amount of the covered retired pay that the 
                eligible person is otherwise entitled to 
                receive for the period beginning on the date of 
                retirement and ending on the date the eligible 
                person attains the eligible person's retirement 
                age equal to--
                            ``(i) 50 percent of the amount of 
                        such covered retired pay during such 
                        period; or
                            ``(ii) 25 percent of the amount of 
                        such covered retired pay during such 
                        period; and
                    ``(B) a monthly amount during the period 
                described in subparagraph (A) equal to--
                            ``(i) in the case of an eligible 
                        person electing to receive an amount 
                        described in subparagraph (A)(i), 50 
                        percent of the amount of monthly 
                        covered retired pay the eligible person 
                        is otherwise entitled to receive during 
                        such period; and
                            ``(ii) in the case of an eligible 
                        person electing to receive an amount 
                        described in subparagraph (A)(ii), 75 
                        percent of the amount of monthly 
                        covered retired pay the eligible person 
                        is otherwise entitled to receive during 
                        such period
            ``(2) Discounted present value.--The Secretary of 
        Defense shall compute the discounted present value of 
        amounts of covered retired pay that an eligible person 
        is otherwise entitled to receive for a period for 
        purposes of paragraph (1)(A) by--
                    ``(A) estimating the aggregate amount of 
                retired pay the person would receive for the 
                period, taking into account cost-of-living 
                adjustments under section 1401a of this title 
                projected by the Secretary at the time the 
                person separates from service and would 
                otherwise begin receiving covered retired pay; 
                and
                    ``(B) reducing the aggregate amount 
                estimated pursuant to subparagraph (A) by an 
                appropriate percentage determined by the 
                Secretary--
                            ``(i) using average personal 
                        discount rates (as defined and 
                        calculated by the Secretary taking into 
                        consideration applicable and reputable 
                        studies of personal discount rates for 
                        military personnel and past actuarial 
                        experience in the calculation of 
                        personal discount rates under this 
                        paragraph); and
                            ``(ii) in accordance with generally 
                        accepted actuarial principles and 
                        practices.
            ``(3) Timing of election.--An eligible person shall 
        make the election under this subsection not later than 
        90 days before the date of the retirement of the 
        eligible person from the uniformed services.
            ``(4) Single payment or combination of payments.--
        An eligible person may elect to receive a lump sum 
        payment under this subsection in a single payment or in 
        a combination of payments.
            ``(5) Commencement of payment.--An eligible person 
        who makes an election under this subsection shall 
        receive the lump sum payment, or the first installment 
        of a combination of payments of the lump sum payment if 
        elected under paragraph (4), as follows:
                    ``(A) Not later than 60 days after the date 
                of the retirement of the eligible person from 
                the uniformed services.
                    ``(B) In the case of an eligible person who 
                is a member of a reserve component, not later 
                than 60 days after the earlier of--
                            ``(i) the date on which the 
                        eligible person attains 60 years of 
                        age; or
                            ``(ii) the date on which the 
                        eligible person first becomes entitled 
                        to covered retired pay.
            ``(6) No subsequent adjustment.--An eligible person 
        who accepts payment of a lump sum under this subsection 
        may not seek the review of or otherwise challenge the 
        amount of the lump sum in light of any variation in 
        cost-of-living adjustments under section 1401a of this 
        title, actuarial assumptions, or other factors used by 
        the Secretary in calculating the amount of the lump sum 
        that occur after the Secretary pays the lump sum.
    ``(c) Resumption of Monthly Annuity.--
            ``(1) General rule.--Subject to paragraph (2), an 
        eligible person who makes an election described in 
        subsection (b)(1) shall be entitled to receive the 
        eligible person's monthly covered retired pay 
        calculated in accordance with paragraph (2) after the 
        eligible person attains the eligible person's 
        retirement age.
            ``(2) Restoration of full retirement amount at 
        retirement age.--The retired pay of an eligible person 
        who makes an election described in subsection (a) shall 
        be recomputed, effective on the first day of the first 
        month beginning after the person attains the eligible 
        person's retirement age, so as to be an amount equal to 
        the amount of covered retired pay to which the eligible 
        person would otherwise be entitled on that date if the 
        annual increases, in the retired pay of the eligible 
        person made to reflect changes in the Consumer Price 
        Index, had been made in accordance with section 1401a 
        of this title.
    ``(d) Payment of Retired Pay to Persons Not Making 
Election.--An eligible person who does not make the election 
described in subsection (b)(1) shall be paid the retired pay to 
which the eligible person is otherwise entitled under the 
applicable provisions of law referred to in subsection (a)(1).
    ``(e) Regulations.--The Secretary of Defense concerned 
shall prescribe regulations to carry out the provisions of this 
section.''.
            (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at 
        the beginning of chapter 71 of such title is amended by 
        adding at the end the following new item:

``1415. Lump sum payment of certain retired pay.''.
            (3) Payments from department of defense military 
        retirement fund.--Section 1463(a)(1) of title 10, 
        United States Code, is amended by striking ``or 1414'' 
        and inserting ``, 1414, or 1415''.
    (b) Offset of Veterans Pension and Compensation by Amount 
of Lump Sum Payments.--Section 5304 of title 38, United States 
Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new 
subsection:
    ``(d)(1) Other than amounts payable under section 1413a or 
1414 of title 10, the amount of pension and compensation 
benefits payable to a person under this title shall be reduced 
by the amount of any lump sum payment made to such person under 
section 1415 of title 10.
    ``(2) The Secretary shall collect any reduction under 
paragraph (1) from amounts otherwise payable to the person 
under this title, including pension and compensation payable 
under this title, before any pension and compensation payments 
under this title may be paid to the person.''.

SEC. 634. CONTINUATION PAY FOR FULL TSP MEMBERS WITH 12 YEARS OF 
                    SERVICE.

    (a) Continuation Pay.--Subchapter II of chapter 5 of title 
37, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the 
following new section:

``Sec. 356. Continuation pay: full TSP members with 12 years of service

    ``(a) Continuation Pay.--The Secretary concerned shall make 
a payment of continuation pay to each full TSP member (as 
defined in section 8440e(a) of title 5) of the uniformed 
services under the jurisdiction of the Secretary who--
            ``(1) completes 12 years of service; and
            ``(2) enters into an agreement with the Secretary 
        to serve for an additional 4 years of obligated 
        service.
    ``(b) Amount.--The amount of continuation pay payable to a 
full TSP member under subsection (a) shall be the amount that 
is equal to--
            ``(1) in the case of a member of a regular 
        component--
                    ``(A) the monthly basic pay of the member 
                at 12 years of service multiplied by 2.5; plus
                    ``(B) at the discretion of the Secretary 
                concerned, the monthly basic pay of the member 
                at 12 years of service multiplied by such 
                number of months (not to exceed 13 months) as 
                the Secretary concerned shall specify in the 
                agreement of the member under subsection (a); 
                and
            ``(2) in the case of a member of a reserve 
        component--
                    ``(A) the amount of monthly basic pay to 
                which the member would be entitled at 12 years 
                of service if the member were a member of a 
                regular component multiplied by 0.5; plus
                    ``(B) at the discretion of the Secretary 
                concerned, the amount of monthly basic pay 
                described in subparagraph (A) multiplied by 
                such number of months (not to exceed 6 months) 
                as the Secretary concerned shall specify in the 
                agreement of the member under subsection (a).
    ``(c) Additional Discretionary Authority.--In addition to 
the continuation pay required under subsection (a), the 
Secretary concerned may provide continuation pay under this 
subsection to a full TSP member described in subsection (a), 
and subject to the service agreement referred to in paragraph 
(2) of such subsection, in an amount determined by the 
Secretary concerned.
    ``(d) Timing of Payment.--The Secretary concerned shall pay 
continuation pay under subsection (a) to a full TSP member when 
the member completes 12 years of service. If the Secretary 
concerned also provides continuation pay under subsection (c) 
to the member, that continuation pay shall be provided when the 
member completes 12 years of service.
    ``(e) Lump Sum or Installments.--A full TSP member may 
elect to receive continuation pay provided under subsection (a) 
or (c) in a lump sum or in a series of not more than four 
payments.
    ``(f) Relationship to Other Pay and Allowances.--
Continuation pay under this section is in addition to any other 
pay or allowance to which the full TSP member is entitled.
    ``(g) Repayment.--A full TSP member who receives 
continuation pay under this section (a) and fails to complete 
the obligated service required under such subsection shall be 
subject to the repayment provisions of section 373 of this 
title.
    ``(h) Regulations.--Each Secretary concerned shall 
prescribe regulations to carry out this section.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the 
beginning of chapter 5 of title 37, United States Code, is 
amended by adding at the end the following new item:

``356. Continuation pay: full TSP members with 12 years of service.''.

SEC. 635. EFFECTIVE DATE AND IMPLEMENTATION.

    (a) Effective Date.--The amendments made by this part shall 
take effect on January 1, 2018.
    (b) Implementation.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretaries concerned, the 
        Director of the Office of Personnel Management, and the 
        Federal Retirement Thrift Investment Board shall each 
        and jointly take appropriate actions to ensure the full 
        and effective implementation of the amendments made by 
        this part in order to ensure that members of the 
        uniformed services will be able to participate in the 
        modernized retirement plan provided by this part 
        commencing on the date specified in subsection (a).
            (2) Implementation plan.--Not later than March 1, 
        2016, the Secretaries concerned shall submit to the 
        appropriate committees of Congress a report containing 
        a plan to ensure the full and effective commencement 
        and operational implementation of the amendments made 
        by this part in accordance with paragraph (1).
    (c) Additional Technical and Conforming Amendments.--The 
report required by subsection (b) shall contain a draft of such 
legislation as may be necessary to make any additional 
technical and conforming changes to titles 10 and 37, United 
States Code, and other provisions of law that are required or 
should be made by reason of the amendments made by this part.
    (d) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) The term ``appropriate committees of Congress'' 
        means--
                    (A) the Committee on Armed Services, the 
                Committee on Energy and Commerce, the Committee 
                on Natural Resources, the Committee on 
                Oversight and Government Reform, and the 
                Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure 
                of the House of Representatives; and
                    (B) the Committee on Armed Services, the 
                Committee on Commerce, Science, and 
                Transportation, the Committee on Energy and 
                Natural Resources, the Committee on Homeland 
                Security and Governmental Affairs, and the 
                Committee on Health, Education, Labor, and 
                Pensions of the Senate.
            (2) The term ``Secretary concerned'' has the 
        meaning given that term in section 101 of title 37, 
        United States Code.

                         PART II--OTHER MATTERS

SEC. 641. DEATH OF FORMER SPOUSE BENEFICIARIES AND SUBSEQUENT 
                    REMARRIAGES UNDER THE SURVIVOR BENEFIT PLAN.

    (a) In General.--Section 1448(b) of title 10, United States 
Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new 
paragraph:
            ``(7) Effect of death of former spouse 
        beneficiary.--
                    ``(A) Termination of participation in 
                plan.--A person who elects to provide an 
                annuity to a former spouse under paragraph (2) 
                or (3) and whose former spouse subsequently 
                dies is no longer a participant in the Plan, 
                effective on the date of death of the former 
                spouse.
                    ``(B) Authority for election of new spouse 
                beneficiary.--If a person's participation in 
                the Plan is discontinued by reason of the death 
                of a former spouse beneficiary, the person may 
                elect to resume participation in the Plan and 
                to elect a new spouse beneficiary as follows:
                            ``(i) Married on the date of death 
                        of former spouse.--A person who is 
                        married at the time of the death of the 
                        former spouse beneficiary may elect to 
                        provide coverage to that person's 
                        spouse. Such an election must be 
                        received by the Secretary concerned 
                        within one year after the date of death 
                        of the former spouse beneficiary.
                            ``(ii) Marriage after death of 
                        former spouse beneficiary.--A person 
                        who is not married at the time of the 
                        death of the former spouse beneficiary 
                        and who later marries may elect to 
                        provide spouse coverage. Such an 
                        election must be received by the 
                        Secretary concerned within one year 
                        after the date on which that person 
                        marries.
                    ``(C) Effective date of election.--The 
                effective date of election under this paragraph 
                shall be as follows:
                            ``(i) An election under 
                        subparagraph (B)(i) is effective as of 
                        the first day of the first calendar 
                        month following the death of the former 
                        spouse beneficiary.
                            ``(ii) An election under 
                        subparagraph (B)(ii) is effective as of 
                        the first day of the first calendar 
                        month following the month in which the 
                        election is received by the Secretary 
                        concerned.
                    ``(D) Level of coverage.--A person making 
                an election under subparagraph (B) may not 
                reduce the base amount previously elected.
                    ``(E) Procedures.--An election under this 
                paragraph shall be in writing, signed by the 
                participant, and made in such form and manner 
                as the Secretary concerned may prescribe.
                    ``(F) Irrevocability.--An election under 
                this paragraph is irrevocable.''.
    (b) Effective Date.--Paragraph (7) of section 1448(b) of 
title 10, United States Code, as added by subsection (a), shall 
apply with respect to any person whose former spouse 
beneficiary dies on or after the date of the enactment of this 
Act.
    (c) Applicability to Former Spouse Deaths Before 
Enactment.--
            (1) In general.--A person--
                    (A) who before the date of the enactment of 
                this Act had a former spouse beneficiary under 
                the Survivor Benefit Plan who died before that 
                date; and
                    (B) who on the date of the enactment of 
                this Act is married,
        may elect to provide spouse coverage for such spouse 
        under the Plan, regardless of whether the person 
        married such spouse before or after the death of the 
        former spouse beneficiary. Any such election may only 
        be made during the one-year period beginning on the 
        date of the enactment of this Act.
            (2) Effective date of election if married at least 
        a year at death former spouse.--If the person providing 
        the annuity was married to the spouse beneficiary for 
        at least one year at the time of the death of the 
        former spouse beneficiary, the effective date of such 
        election shall be the first day of the first month 
        after the death of the former spouse beneficiary.
            (3) Other effective date.--If the person providing 
        the annuity married the spouse beneficiary after (or 
        during the one-year period preceding) the death of the 
        former spouse beneficiary, the effective date of the 
        election shall be the first day of the first month 
        following the first anniversary of the person's 
        marriage to the spouse beneficiary.
            (4) Responsibility for premiums.--A person electing 
        to participate in the Plan under this subsection shall 
        be responsible for payment of all premiums due from the 
        effective date of the election.

   Subtitle E--Commissary and Non-Appropriated Fund Instrumentality 
                        Benefits and Operations

SEC. 651. PLAN TO OBTAIN BUDGET-NEUTRALITY FOR THE DEFENSE COMMISSARY 
                    SYSTEM AND THE MILITARY EXCHANGE SYSTEM.

    (a) In General.--Not later than March 1, 2016, the 
Secretary of Defense shall submit to the Committees on Armed 
Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives a 
report setting forth a comprehensive plan to achieve by October 
1, 2018, budget-neutrality in the delivery of commissary and 
exchange benefits while meeting the benchmarks set forth in 
subsection (c). In preparing the report, the Secretary shall 
consider the report required by section 634 of the Carl Levin 
and Howard P. ``Buck'' McKeon National Defense Authorization 
Act for Fiscal Year 2015 (Public Law 113-291; 128 Stat. 3406) 
and any other previous reports, studies, and surveys of matters 
appropriate to the report.
    (b) Report Elements.--The report required by subsection (a) 
shall include the following:
            (1) A description of any modifications to the 
        commissary and exchange benefit systems the Secretary 
        considers appropriate to obtain budget-neutrality in 
        the delivery of commissary and exchange benefits, 
        including the following:
                    (A) The establishment of common business 
                processes, practices, and systems to exploit 
                synergies between the operations of defense 
                commissaries and exchanges and to optimize the 
                operations of the resale system and the 
                benefits provided by the commissaries and 
                exchanges.
                    (B) The privatization of the defense 
                commissary system and the military exchange 
                system, in whole or in part.
                    (C) Engagement of major commercial grocery 
                retailers or other private sector entities to 
                determine their willingness to provide eligible 
                beneficiaries with discount savings on grocery 
                products and certain household goods.
                    (D) The closure of commissaries in 
                locations in close proximity to other 
                commissaries or in locations where commercial 
                alternatives, through major grocery retailers, 
                may be available.
            (2) An analysis of different pricing constructs to 
        improve or enhance the delivery of commissary and 
        exchange benefits.
            (3) A description of the impact of any 
        modifications described pursuant to paragraph (1) on 
        Morale, Welfare and Recreation (MWR) quality-of-life 
        programs.
            (4) Such recommendations for legislative action as 
        the Secretary considers appropriate to achieve by 
        October 1, 2018, budget-neutrality in the delivery of 
        commissary and exchange benefits while meeting the 
        benchmarks set forth in subsection (c).
    (c) Benchmarks.--The report required by subsection (a) 
shall ensure--
            (1) the maintenance of high levels of customer 
        satisfaction in the delivery of commissary and exchange 
        benefits;
            (2) the provision of high quality products; and
            (3) the sustainment of discount savings to eligible 
        beneficiaries.
    (d) Comptroller General Assessment of Plan.--Not later than 
120 days after the submittal of the report required by 
subsection (a), the Comptroller General of the United States 
shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate 
and the House of Representatives a report setting forth an 
assessment by the Comptroller General of the plan to achieve 
budget-neutrality in the delivery of commissary and exchange 
benefits while meeting the benchmarks set forth in subsection 
(c) as set forth in the report required by subsection (a).
    (e) Pilot Programs.--
            (1) Programs authorized.--After the reports 
        required by subsections (a) and (d) have been submitted 
        as described in such subsections, the Secretary may, 
        notwithstanding any requirement in chapter 147 of title 
        10, United States Code, conduct one or more pilot 
        programs to evaluate the feasibility and advisability 
        of processes and methods for achieving budget-
        neutrality in the delivery of commissary and exchange 
        benefits and other applicable benchmarks in accordance 
        with this section. The Secretary may authorize any 
        commissary or exchange, or private sector entity, 
        participating in any such pilot program to establish 
        appropriate prices in response to market conditions and 
        customer demand, provided that the level of savings 
        required by paragraph (3) is maintained.
            (2) Benchmarks.--If the Secretary conducts a pilot 
        program under this subsection, the Secretary shall 
        establish specific, measurable benchmarks for measuring 
        success in the provision of high quality grocery goods 
        and products, discount savings to patrons, and high 
        levels of customer satisfaction while achieving budget-
        neutrality in the delivery of commissary and exchange 
        benefits under the pilot program.
            (3) Required savings to patrons.--The Secretary 
        shall ensure that the level of savings to commissary 
        and exchange patrons under any pilot program under this 
        subsection is not less than the level of savings to 
        such patrons before the implementation of such pilot 
        program, as follows:
                    (A) Before commencing a pilot program the 
                Secretary shall establish a baseline of savings 
                to patrons achieved for each commissary or 
                exchange to participate in such pilot program 
                by comparing prices charged by such commissary 
                or exchange for a representative market basket 
                of goods to prices charged by local competitors 
                for the same market basket of goods.
                    (B) After commencement of such pilot 
                program, the Secretary shall ensure that each 
                commissary or exchange, or private sector 
                entity, participating in such pilot program 
                conducts market-basket price comparisons not 
                less than once a month and adjusts pricing as 
                necessary to ensure that pricing achieves 
                savings to patrons under such pilot program 
                that are reasonably consistent with the 
                baseline savings for the commissary or exchange 
                established pursuant to subparagraph (A).
            (4) Duration of authority.--The authority of the 
        Secretary to carry out a pilot program under this 
        subsection shall expire on the date that is five years 
        after the date of the enactment of this Act. However, 
        if a pilot program achieves budget-neutrality in the 
        delivery of commissary and exchange benefits and other 
        applicable benchmarks, as measured using the benchmarks 
        required by paragraph (2), the Secretary may continue 
        the pilot program for an additional period of up to 
        five years.
            (5) Reports.--
                    (A) Initial reports.--If the Secretary 
                conducts a pilot program under this subsection, 
                the Secretary shall, not later than 30 days 
                before commencing the pilot program, submit to 
                the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate 
                and the House of Representatives a report on 
                the pilot program, including the following:
                            (i) A description of the pilot 
                        program.
                            (ii) The provisions, if any, of 
                        chapter 147 of title 10, United States 
                        Code, that will be waived in the 
                        conduct of the pilot program.
                    (B) Final reports.--Not later than 90 days 
                after the date of the completion of any pilot 
                program under this subsection or the date of 
                the commencement of an extension of a pilot 
                program under paragraph (4), the Secretary 
                shall submit to the Committees on Armed 
                Services of the Senate and the House of 
                Representatives a report on the pilot program, 
                including the following:
                            (i) A description and assessment of 
                        the pilot program.
                            (ii) Such recommendations for 
                        administrative or legislative action as 
                        the Secretary considers appropriate in 
                        light of the pilot program.

SEC. 652. COMPTROLLER GENERAL OF THE UNITED STATES REPORT ON THE 
                    COMMISSARY SURCHARGE, NON-APPROPRIATED FUND, AND 
                    PRIVATELY-FINANCED MAJOR CONSTRUCTION PROGRAM.

    (a) In General.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
the enactment of this Act, the Comptroller General of the 
United States shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services 
of the Senate and the House of Representatives a report on the 
Commissary Surcharge, Non-appropriated Fund and Privately-
Financed Major Construction Program of the Department of 
Defense.
    (b) Elements.--The report under subsection (a) shall 
include the following:
            (1) An assessment whether the Secretary of Defense 
        has established policies and procedures to ensure the 
        timely submittal to the committees of Congress referred 
        to in subsection (a) of notice on construction projects 
        proposed to be funded through the program referred to 
        in that subsection.
            (2) An assessment whether the Secretaries of the 
        military departments have developed and implemented 
        policies and procedures to comply with the policies and 
        directives of the Department of Defense for the 
        submittal to such committees of Congress of notice on 
        such construction projects.
            (3) An assessment whether the Secretary of Defense 
        has established policies and procedures to notify such 
        committees of Congress when such construction projects 
        have been commenced without notice to Congress.
            (4) An assessment whether construction projects 
        described in paragraph (3) have been completed before 
        submittal of notice to Congress as described in that 
        paragraph and, if so, a list of such projects.

                       Subtitle F--Other Matters

SEC. 661. IMPROVEMENT OF FINANCIAL LITERACY AND PREPAREDNESS OF MEMBERS 
                    OF THE ARMED FORCES.

    (a) Sense of Congress on Financial Literacy and 
Preparedness of Members.--It is the sense of Congress that--
            (1) the Secretary of Defense should strengthen 
        arrangements with other departments and agencies of the 
        Federal Government and nonprofit organizations in order 
        to improve the financial literacy and preparedness of 
        members of the Armed Forces; and
            (2) the Secretaries of the military departments and 
        the Chiefs of Staff of the Armed Forces should provide 
        support for the financial literacy and preparedness 
        training carried out under section 992 of title 10, 
        United States Code, as amended by subsections (b), (c), 
        and (d).
    (b) Provision of Financial Literacy and Preparedness 
Training.--Subsection (a) of section 992 of title 10, United 
States Code, is amended--
            (1) in the subsection heading, by striking 
        ``Consumer Education'' and inserting ``Financial 
        Literacy Training'';
            (2) in paragraph (1), by striking ``education'' in 
        the matter preceding subparagraph (A) and inserting 
        ``financial literacy training'';
            (3) by striking paragraph (2) and inserting the 
        following new paragraph:
    ``(2) Training under this subsection shall be provided to a 
member of the armed forces--
            ``(A) as a component of the initial entry training 
        of the member;
            ``(B) upon arrival at the first duty station of the 
        member;
            ``(C) upon arrival at each subsequent duty station, 
        in the case of a member in pay grade E-4 or below or in 
        pay grade O-3 or below;
            ``(D) on the date of promotion of the member, in 
        the case of a member in pay grade E-5 or below or in 
        pay grade O-4 or below;
            ``(E) when the member vests in the Thrift Savings 
        Plan (TSP) under section 8432(g)(2)(C) of title 5;
            ``(F) when the member becomes entitled to receive 
        continuation pay under section 356 of title 37, at 
        which time the training shall include, at a minimum, 
        information on options available to the member 
        regarding the use of continuation pay;
            ``(G) at each major life event during the service 
        of the member, such as--
                    ``(i) marriage;
                    ``(ii) divorce;
                    ``(iii) birth of first child; or
                    ``(iv) disabling sickness or condition;
            ``(H) during leadership training;
            ``(I) during pre-deployment training and during 
        post-deployment training;
            ``(J) at transition points in the service of the 
        member, such as--
                    ``(i) transition from a regular component 
                to a reserve component;
                    ``(ii) separation from service; or
                    ``(iii) retirement; and
            ``(K) as a component of periodically recurring 
        required training that is provided to the member at a 
        military installation.'';
            (4) in paragraph (3), by striking ``paragraph 
        (2)(B)'' and inserting ``paragraph (2)(J)''; and
            (5) by adding at the end the following new 
        paragraph:
    ``(4) The Secretary concerned shall prescribe regulations 
setting forth any other events and circumstances (in addition 
to the events and circumstances described in paragraph (2)) 
upon which the training required by this subsection shall be 
provided.''.
    (c) Survey of Members' Financial Literacy and 
Preparedness.--Such section is further amended--
            (1) by redesignating subsection (d) as subsection 
        (e); and
            (2) by inserting after subsection (c) the following 
        new subsection (d):
    ``(d) Financial Literacy and Preparedness Survey.--(1) The 
Director of the Defense Manpower Data Center shall annually 
include in the status of forces survey a survey of the status 
of the financial literacy and preparedness of members of the 
armed forces.
    ``(2) The results of the annual financial literacy and 
preparedness survey--
            ``(A) shall be used by each of the Secretaries 
        concerned as a benchmark to evaluate and update 
        training provided under this section; and
            ``(B) shall be submitted to the Committees on Armed 
        Services of the Senate and the House of 
        Representatives.''.
    (d) Financial Services Defined.--Subsection (e) of such 
section, as redesignated by subsection (c)(1) of this section, 
is amended by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
            ``(4) Health insurance, budget management, Thrift 
        Savings Plan (TSP), retirement lump sum payments 
        (including rollover options and tax consequences), and 
        Survivor Benefit Plan (SBP).''.
    (e) Clerical Amendments.--
            (1) Section heading .--The heading of such section 
        is amended to read as follows:

``Sec. 992. Financial literacy training: financial services''.

            (2) Table of sections.--The table of sections at 
        the beginning of chapter 50 of such title is amended by 
        striking the item related to section 992 and inserting 
        the following new item:

``992. Financial literacy training: financial services.''.
    (f) Implementations.--Not later than six months after the 
date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of the 
military department concerned and the Secretary of the 
Department in which the Coast Guard is operating shall commence 
providing financial literacy training under section 992 of 
title 10, United States Code, as amended by subsections (b), 
(c), and (d) of this section, to members of the Armed Forces.

SEC. 662. RECORDATION OF OBLIGATIONS FOR INSTALLMENT PAYMENTS OF 
                    INCENTIVE PAYS, ALLOWANCES, AND SIMILAR BENEFITS 
                    WHEN PAYMENT IS DUE.

    (a) In General.--Chapter 19 of title 37, United States 
Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new 
section:

``Sec. 1015. Recordation of installment payment obligations for 
                    incentive pays and similar benefits

    ``(a) In General.--In the case of any pay, allowance, 
bonus, or other benefit described in subsection (b) that is 
paid to a member of the uniformed services on an installment 
basis, each installment payment shall be charged to 
appropriations that are available for obligation at the time 
such payment is payable.
    ``(b) Covered Pay and Benefits.--Subsection (a) applies to 
any incentive pay, special pay, or bonus, or similar periodic 
payment of pay or allowances, or of educational benefits or 
stipends, that is paid to a member of the uniformed services 
under this title or title 10.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the 
beginning of chapter 19 of such title is amended by adding at 
the end the following new item:

``1015. Recordation of installment payment obligations for incentive 
          pays and similar benefits.''.

                   TITLE VII--HEALTH CARE PROVISIONS

           Subtitle A--TRICARE and Other Health Care Benefits

Sec. 701. Access to TRICARE Prime for certain beneficiaries.
Sec. 702. Modifications of cost-sharing for the TRICARE pharmacy 
          benefits program.
Sec. 703. Expansion of continued health benefits coverage to include 
          discharged and released members of the Selected Reserve.
Sec. 704. Access to health care under the TRICARE program for 
          beneficiaries of TRICARE Prime.
Sec. 705. Expansion of reimbursement for smoking cessation services for 
          certain TRICARE beneficiaries.

                 Subtitle B--Health Care Administration

Sec. 711. Waiver of recoupment of erroneous payments caused by 
          administrative error under the TRICARE program.
Sec. 712. Publication of data on patient safety, quality of care, 
          satisfaction, and health outcome measures under the TRICARE 
          program.
Sec. 713. Expansion of evaluation of effectiveness of the TRICARE 
          program to include information on patient safety, quality of 
          care, and access to care at military medical treatment 
          facilities.
Sec. 714. Portability of health plans under the TRICARE program.
Sec. 715. Joint uniform formulary for transition of care.
Sec. 716. Licensure of mental health professionals in TRICARE program.
Sec. 717. Designation of certain non-Department mental health care 
          providers with knowledge relating to treatment of members of 
          the Armed Forces.
Sec. 718. Comprehensive standards and access to contraception counseling 
          for members of the Armed Forces.

                  Subtitle C--Reports and Other Matters

Sec. 721. Provision of transportation of dependent patients relating to 
          obstetrical anesthesia services.
Sec. 722. Extension of authority for DOD-VA Health Care Sharing 
          Incentive Fund.
Sec. 723. Extension of authority for joint Department of Defense-
          Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Facility Demonstration 
          Fund.
Sec. 724. Limitation on availability of funds for Office of the 
          Secretary of Defense.
Sec. 725. Pilot program on urgent care under TRICARE program.
Sec. 726. Pilot program on incentive programs to improve health care 
          provided under the TRICARE program.
Sec. 727. Limitation on availability of funds for Department of Defense 
          Healthcare Management Systems Modernization.
Sec. 728. Submittal of information to Secretary of Veterans Affairs 
          relating to exposure to airborne hazards and open burn pits.
Sec. 729. Plan for development of procedures to measure data on mental 
          health care provided by the Department of Defense.
Sec. 730. Report on plans to improve experience with and eliminate 
          performance variability of health care provided by the 
          Department of Defense.
Sec. 731. Comptroller General study on gambling and problem gambling 
          behavior among members of the Armed Forces.

           Subtitle A--TRICARE and Other Health Care Benefits

SEC. 701. ACCESS TO TRICARE PRIME FOR CERTAIN BENEFICIARIES.

    Section 732(c)(3) of the National Defense Authorization Act 
for Fiscal Year 2013 (10 U.S.C. 1097a note) is amended to read 
as follows:
            ``(3) Residence at time of election.--
                    ``(A) Except as provided by subparagraph 
                (B), an affected eligible beneficiary may not 
                make the one-time election under paragraph (1) 
                if, at the time of such election, the 
                beneficiary does not reside--
                            ``(i) in a ZIP code that is in a 
                        region described in subsection 
                        (d)(1)(B); and
                            ``(ii) within 100 miles of a 
                        military medical treatment facility.
                    ``(B) Subparagraph (A)(ii) shall not apply 
                with respect to an affected eligible 
                beneficiary who--
                            ``(i) as of December 25, 2013, 
                        resides farther than 100 miles from a 
                        military medical treatment facility; 
                        and
                            ``(ii) is such an eligible 
                        beneficiary by reason of service in the 
                        Army, Navy, Air Force, or Marine 
                        Corps.''.

SEC. 702. MODIFICATIONS OF COST-SHARING FOR THE TRICARE PHARMACY 
                    BENEFITS PROGRAM.

    (a) Modification of Cost-sharing Amounts.--Subparagraph (A) 
of section 1074g(a)(6) of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended--
            (1) in clause (i)--
                    (A) in subclause (I), by striking ``$8'' 
                and inserting ``$10''; and
                    (B) in subclause (II), by striking ``$20'' 
                and inserting ``$24''; and
            (2) in clause (ii)--
                    (A) in subclause (II), by striking ``$16'' 
                and inserting ``$20''; and
                    (B) in subclause (III), by striking ``$46'' 
                and inserting ``$49''.
    (b) Modification of COLA Increase.--Subparagraph (C) of 
such section is amended--
            (1) in clause (i), by striking ``Beginning October 
        1, 2013,'' and inserting ``Beginning October 1, 
        2016,''; and
            (2) by striking clause (ii) and inserting the 
        following new clause (ii):
    ``(ii) The amount of the increase otherwise provided for a 
year by clause (i) shall be computed as follows:
            ``(I) If the amount of the increase is equal to or 
        greater than 50 cents, the amount of the increase shall 
        be rounded to the nearest multiple of $1.
            ``(II) If the amount of the increase is less than 
        50 cents, the increase shall not be made for such year, 
        but shall be carried over to, and accumulated with, the 
        amount of the increase for the subsequent year or years 
        and made when the aggregate amount of increases under 
        this clause for a year is equal to or greater than 50 
        cents.''.

SEC. 703. EXPANSION OF CONTINUED HEALTH BENEFITS COVERAGE TO INCLUDE 
                    DISCHARGED AND RELEASED MEMBERS OF THE SELECTED 
                    RESERVE.

    (a) In General.--Subsection (b) of section 1078a of title 
10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) by redesignating paragraphs (2) through (4) as 
        paragraphs (3) through (5), respectively; and
            (2) by inserting after paragraph (1) the following 
        new paragraph (2):
            ``(2) A member of the Selected Reserve of the Ready 
        Reserve of a reserve component of the armed forces 
        who--
                    ``(A) is discharged or released from 
                service in the Selected Reserve, whether 
                voluntarily or involuntarily, under other than 
                adverse conditions, as characterized by the 
                Secretary concerned;
                    ``(B) immediately preceding that discharge 
                or release, is enrolled in TRICARE Reserve 
                Select; and
                    ``(C) after that discharge or release, 
                would not otherwise be eligible for any 
                benefits under this chapter.''.
    (b) Notification of Eligibility.--Subsection (c)(2) of such 
section is amended by inserting ``or subsection (b)(2)'' after 
``subsection (b)(1)''.
    (c) Election of Coverage.--Subsection (d) of such section 
is amended--
            (1) by redesignating paragraphs (2) through (4) as 
        paragraphs (3) through (5), respectively; and
            (2) by inserting after paragraph (1) the following 
        new paragraph (2):
            ``(2) In the case of a member described in 
        subsection (b)(2), the written election shall be 
        submitted to the Secretary concerned before the end of 
        the 60-day period beginning on the later of--
                    ``(A) the date of the discharge or release 
                of the member from service in the Selected 
                Reserve; and
                    ``(B) the date the member receives the 
                notification required pursuant to subsection 
                (c).''.
    (d) Coverage of Dependents.--Subsection (e) of such section 
is amended by inserting ``or subsection (b)(2)'' after 
``subsection (b)(1)''.
    (e) Period of Continued Coverage.--Subsection (g)(1) of 
such section is amended--
            (1) by redesignating subparagraphs (B) through (D) 
        as subparagraphs (C) through (E); and
            (2) by inserting after subparagraph (A) the 
        following new subparagraph (B):
            ``(B) in the case of a member described in 
        subsection (b)(2), the date which is 18 months after 
        the date the member ceases to be eligible to enroll in 
        TRICARE Reserve Select;''.
    (f) TRICARE Reserve Select Defined.--Such section is 
further amended by adding at the end the following new 
subsection:
    ``(h) TRICARE Reserve Select Defined.--In this section, the 
term `TRICARE Reserve Select' means TRICARE Standard coverage 
provided under section 1076d of this title.''.
    (g) Conforming Amendments.--Such section is further 
amended--
            (1) in subsection (c)--
                    (A) in paragraph (3), by striking 
                ``subsection (b)(2)'' and inserting 
                ``subsection (b)(3)''; and
                    (B) in paragraph (4), by striking 
                ``subsection (b)(3)'' and inserting 
                ``subsection (b)(4)'';
            (2) in subsection (d)--
                    (A) in paragraph (3), as redesignated by 
                subsection (c)(1), by striking ``subsection 
                (b)(2)'' and inserting ``subsection (b)(3)'';
                    (B) in paragraph (4), as so redesignated, 
                by striking ``subsection (b)(3)'' and inserting 
                ``subsection (b)(4)''; and
                    (C) in paragraph (5), as so redesignated, 
                by striking ``subsection (b)(4)'' and inserting 
                ``subsection (b)(5)'';
            (3) in subsection (e), by striking ``subsection 
        (b)(2) or subsection (b)(3)'' and inserting 
        ``subsection (b)(3) or subsection (b)(4)''; and
            (4) in subsection (g)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1)--
                            (i) in subparagraph (C), as 
                        redesignated by subsection (e)(1), by 
                        striking ``subsection (b)(2)'' and 
                        inserting ``subsection (b)(3)'';
                            (ii) in subparagraph (D), as so 
                        redesignated, by striking ``subsection 
                        (b)(3)'' and inserting ``subsection 
                        (b)(4)''; and
                            (iii) in subparagraph (E), as so 
                        redesignated, by striking ``subsection 
                        (b)(4)'' and inserting ``subsection 
                        (b)(5)'';
                    (B) in paragraph (2)--
                            (i) by striking ``paragraph 
                        (1)(B)'' and inserting ``paragraph 
                        (1)(C)''; and
                            (ii) by striking ``subsection 
                        (b)(2)'' and inserting ``subsection 
                        (b)(3)''; and
                    (C) in paragraph (3)--
                            (i) by striking ``paragraph 
                        (1)(C)'' and inserting ``paragraph 
                        (1)(D)''; and
                            (ii) by striking ``subsection 
                        (b)(3)'' and inserting ``subsection 
                        (b)(4)''.

SEC. 704. ACCESS TO HEALTH CARE UNDER THE TRICARE PROGRAM FOR 
                    BENEFICIARIES OF TRICARE PRIME.

    (a) Access to Health Care.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
ensure that beneficiaries under TRICARE Prime who are seeking 
an appointment for health care under TRICARE Prime shall obtain 
such an appointment within the health care access standards 
established under subsection (b), including through the use of 
health care providers in the preferred provider network of 
TRICARE Prime.
    (b) Standards for Access to Care.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than 180 days after the 
        date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall 
        establish health care access standards for the receipt 
        of health care under TRICARE Prime, whether received at 
        military medical treatment facilities or from health 
        care providers in the preferred provider network of 
        TRICARE Prime.
            (2) Categories of care.--The health care access 
        standards established under paragraph (1) shall include 
        standards with respect to the following categories of 
        health care:
                    (A) Primary care, including pediatric care, 
                maternity care, gynecological care, and other 
                subcategories of primary care.
                    (B) Specialty care, including behavioral 
                health care and other subcategories of 
                specialty care.
            (3) Modifications.--The Secretary may modify the 
        health care access standards established under 
        paragraph (1) whenever the Secretary considers the 
        modification of such standards appropriate.
            (4) Publication.--The Secretary shall publish the 
        health care access standards established under 
        paragraph (1), and any modifications to such standards, 
        in the Federal Register and on a publicly accessible 
        Internet website of the Department of Defense.
    (c) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) TRICARE prime.--The term ``TRICARE Prime'' 
        means the managed care option of the TRICARE program.
            (2) TRICARE program.--The term ``TRICARE program'' 
        has the meaning given that term in section 1072(7) of 
        title 10, United States Code.

SEC. 705. EXPANSION OF REIMBURSEMENT FOR SMOKING CESSATION SERVICES FOR 
                    CERTAIN TRICARE BENEFICIARIES.

    Section 713(f) of the Duncan Hunter National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2009 (Public Law 110-417; 122 
Stat. 4503; 10 U.S.C. 1074 note) is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1)(A), by striking ``during 
        fiscal year 2009'';
            (2) in paragraph (1)(B), by striking ``during such 
        fiscal year''; and
            (3) in paragraph (2), by striking ``during fiscal 
        year 2009'' and inserting ``after September 30, 2008''.

                 Subtitle B--Health Care Administration

SEC. 711. WAIVER OF RECOUPMENT OF ERRONEOUS PAYMENTS CAUSED BY 
                    ADMINISTRATIVE ERROR UNDER THE TRICARE PROGRAM.

    (a) In General.--Chapter 55 of title 10, United States 
Code, is amended by inserting after section 1095f the following 
new section:

``Sec. 1095g. TRICARE program: waiver of recoupment of erroneous 
                    payments caused by administrative error

    ``(a) Waiver of Recoupment.--The Secretary of Defense may 
waive recoupment from an individual who has benefitted from an 
erroneous TRICARE payment in a case in which each of the 
following applies:
            ``(1) The payment was made because of an 
        administrative error by an employee of the Department 
        of Defense or a contractor under the TRICARE program.
            ``(2) The individual (or in the case of a minor, 
        the parent or guardian of the individual) had a good 
        faith, reasonable belief that the individual was 
        entitled to the benefit of such payment under this 
        chapter.
            ``(3) The individual relied on the expectation of 
        such entitlement.
            ``(4) The Secretary determines that a waiver of 
        recoupment of such payment is necessary to prevent an 
        injustice.
    ``(b) Responsibility of Contractor.--In any case in which 
the Secretary waives recoupment under subsection (a) and the 
administrative error was on the part of a contractor under the 
TRICARE program, the Secretary shall, consistent with the 
requirements and procedures of the applicable contract, impose 
financial responsibility on the contractor for the erroneous 
payment.
    ``(c) Finality of Determinations.--Any determination by the 
Secretary under this section to waive or decline to waive 
recoupment under subsection (a) is a final determination and 
shall not be subject to appeal or judicial review.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the 
beginning of chapter 55 of such title is amended by inserting 
after the item relating to section 1095f the following new 
item:

``1095g. TRICARE program: waiver of recoupment of erroneous payments 
          caused by administrative error.''.

SEC. 712. PUBLICATION OF DATA ON PATIENT SAFETY, QUALITY OF CARE, 
                    SATISFACTION, AND HEALTH OUTCOME MEASURES UNDER THE 
                    TRICARE PROGRAM.

    Section 1073b of title 10, United States Code, is amended 
by adding at the end the following:
    ``(c) Publication of Data on Patient Safety, Quality of 
Care, Satisfaction, and Health Outcome Measures.--(1) Not later 
than 180 days after the date of the enactment of the National 
Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2016, the Secretary 
of Defense shall publish on a publically available Internet 
website of the Department of Defense data on all measures that 
the Secretary considers appropriate that are used by the 
Department to assess patient safety, quality of care, patient 
satisfaction, and health outcomes for health care provided 
under the TRICARE program at each military medical treatment 
facility.
    ``(2) The Secretary shall publish an update to the data 
published under paragraph (1) not less frequently than once 
each quarter during each fiscal year.
    ``(3) The Secretary may not include data relating to risk 
management activities of the Department in any publication 
under paragraph (1) or update under paragraph (2).
    ``(4) The Secretary shall ensure that the data published 
under paragraph (1) and updated under paragraph (2) is 
accessible to the public through the primary Internet website 
of the Department and the primary Internet website of the 
military medical treatment facility with respect to which such 
data applies.''.

SEC. 713. EXPANSION OF EVALUATION OF EFFECTIVENESS OF THE TRICARE 
                    PROGRAM TO INCLUDE INFORMATION ON PATIENT SAFETY, 
                    QUALITY OF CARE, AND ACCESS TO CARE AT MILITARY 
                    MEDICAL TREATMENT FACILITIES.

    Section 717(a) of the National Defense Authorization Act 
for Fiscal Year 1996 (Public Law 104-106; 10 U.S.C. 1073 note)) 
is amended--
            (1) in the matter preceding paragraph (1), in the 
        second sentence, by striking ``address'';
            (2) in paragraph (1)--
                    (A) by inserting ``address'' before ``the 
                impact of''; and
                    (B) by striking ``; and'' and inserting a 
                semicolon;
            (3) in paragraph (2), by striking the period at the 
        end and inserting ``; and''; and
            (4) by adding at the end the following new 
        paragraph:
            ``(3) address patient safety, quality of care, and 
        access to care at military medical treatment 
        facilities, including--
                    ``(A) an identification of the number of 
                practitioners providing health care in military 
                medical treatment facilities that were reported 
                to the National Practitioner Data Bank during 
                the year preceding the evaluation; and
                    ``(B) with respect to each military medical 
                treatment facility, an assessment of--
                            ``(i) the current accreditation 
                        status of such facility, including any 
                        recommendations for corrective action 
                        made by the relevant accrediting body;
                            ``(ii) any policies or procedures 
                        implemented during such year by the 
                        Secretary of the military department 
                        concerned that were designed to improve 
                        patient safety, quality of care, and 
                        access to care at such facility;
                            ``(iii) data on surgical and 
                        maternity care outcomes during such 
                        year;
                            ``(iv) data on appointment wait 
                        times during such year; and
                            ``(v) data on patient safety, 
                        quality of care, and access to care as 
                        compared to standards established by 
                        the Department of Defense with respect 
                        to patient safety, quality of care, and 
                        access to care.''.

SEC. 714. PORTABILITY OF HEALTH PLANS UNDER THE TRICARE PROGRAM.

    (a) Health Plan Portability.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
        ensure that covered beneficiaries under the TRICARE 
        program who are covered under a health plan under such 
        program are able to seamlessly access health care under 
        such health plan in each TRICARE program region.
            (2) Regulations.--Not later than 180 days after the 
        date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall 
        prescribe regulations to carry out paragraph (1).
    (b) Mechanisms To Ensure Portability.--In carrying out 
subsection (a), the Secretary shall--
            (1) establish a process for electronic notification 
        of contractors responsible for administering the 
        TRICARE program in each TRICARE region when any covered 
        beneficiary intends to relocate between such regions;
            (2) provide for the automatic electronic transfer 
        between such contractors of information relating to 
        covered beneficiaries who are relocating between such 
        regions, including demographic, enrollment, and claims 
        information; and
            (3) ensure each such covered beneficiary is able to 
        obtain a new primary health care provider within ten 
        days of--
                    (A) arriving at the location to which the 
                covered beneficiary has relocated; and
                    (B) initiating a request for a new primary 
                health care provider.
    (c) Publication.--The Secretary shall--
            (1) publish information on any modifications made 
        pursuant to subsection (a) with respect to the ability 
        of covered beneficiaries under the TRICARE program who 
        are covered under a health plan under such program to 
        access health care in each TRICARE region on the 
        primary Internet website of the Department that is 
        available to the public; and
            (2) ensure that such information is made available 
        on the primary Internet website that is available to 
        the public of each current contractor responsible for 
        administering the TRICARE program.
    (d) Definitions.--In this section, the terms ``covered 
beneficiary'' and ``TRICARE program'' have the meaning given 
such terms in section 1072 of title 10, United States Code.

SEC. 715. JOINT UNIFORM FORMULARY FOR TRANSITION OF CARE.

    (a) Joint Formulary.--Not later than June 1, 2016, the 
Secretary of Defense and the Secretary of Veterans Affairs 
shall jointly establish a joint uniform formulary for the 
Department of Veterans Affairs and the Department of Defense 
with respect to pharmaceutical agents that are critical for the 
transition of an individual from receiving treatment furnished 
by the Secretary of Defense to treatment furnished by the 
Secretary of Veterans Affairs.
    (b) Selection.--The Secretaries shall select for inclusion 
on the joint uniform formulary established under subsection (a) 
pharmaceutical agents relating to--
            (1) the control of pain, sleep disorders, and 
        psychiatric conditions, including post-traumatic stress 
        disorder; and
            (2) any other conditions determined appropriate by 
        the Secretaries.
    (c) Report.--Not later than July 1, 2016, the Secretaries 
shall jointly submit to the appropriate congressional 
committees a report on the joint uniform formulary established 
under subsection (a), including a list of the pharmaceutical 
agents selected for inclusion on the formulary.
    (d) Construction.--Nothing in this section shall be 
construed to prohibit the Secretary of Defense and the 
Secretary of Veterans Affairs from each maintaining the 
respective uniform formularies of the Department of the 
Secretary.
    (e) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) The term ``appropriate congressional 
        committees'' means--
                    (A) the congressional defense committees; 
                and
                    (B) the Committees on Veterans' Affairs of 
                the House of Representatives and the Senate.
            (2) The term ``pharmaceutical agent'' has the 
        meaning given that term in section 1074g(g) of title 
        10, United States Code.
    (f) Conforming Amendment.--Section 1074g(a)(2)(A) of title 
10, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the 
following new sentence: ``With respect to members of the 
uniformed services, such uniform formulary shall include 
pharmaceutical agents on the joint uniform formulary 
established under section 715 of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2016.''.

SEC. 716. LICENSURE OF MENTAL HEALTH PROFESSIONALS IN TRICARE PROGRAM.

    (a) Qualifications for TRICARE Certified Mental Health 
Counselors During Transition Period.--During the period 
preceding January 1, 2021, for purposes of determining whether 
a mental health care professional is eligible for reimbursement 
under the TRICARE program as a TRICARE certified mental health 
counselor, an individual who holds a masters degree or doctoral 
degree in counseling from a program that is accredited by a 
covered institution shall be treated as holding such degree 
from a mental health counseling program or clinical mental 
health counseling program that is accredited by the Council for 
Accreditation of Counseling and Related Educational Programs.
    (b) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) The term ``covered institution'' means any of 
        the following:
                    (A) The Accrediting Commission for 
                Community and Junior Colleges Western 
                Association of Schools and Colleges (ACCJC-
                WASC).
                    (B) The Higher Learning Commission (HLC).
                    (C) The Middle States Commission on Higher 
                Education (MSCHE).
                    (D) The New England Association of Schools 
                and Colleges Commission on Institutions of 
                Higher Education (NEASC-CIHE).
                    (E) The Southern Association of Colleges 
                and Schools (SACS) Commission on Colleges.
                    (F) The WASC Senior College and University 
                Commission (WASC-SCUC).
                    (G) The Accrediting Bureau of Health 
                Education Schools (ABHES).
                    (H) The Accrediting Commission of Career 
                Schools and Colleges (ACCSC).
                    (I) The Accrediting Council for Independent 
                Colleges and Schools (ACICS).
                    (J) The Distance Education Accreditation 
                Commission (DEAC).
            (2) The term ``TRICARE program'' has the meaning 
        given that term in section 1072 of title 10, United 
        States Code.

SEC. 717. DESIGNATION OF CERTAIN NON-DEPARTMENT MENTAL HEALTH CARE 
                    PROVIDERS WITH KNOWLEDGE RELATING TO TREATMENT OF 
                    MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES.

    (a) Mental Health Provider Readiness Designation.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than one year after the 
        date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of 
        Defense shall develop a system by which any non-
        Department mental health care provider that meets 
        eligibility criteria established by the Secretary 
        relating to the knowledge described in paragraph (2) 
        receives a mental health provider readiness designation 
        from the Department of Defense.
            (2) Knowledge described.--The knowledge described 
        in this paragraph is the following:
                    (A) Knowledge and understanding with 
                respect to the culture of members of the Armed 
                Forces and family members and caregivers of 
                members of the Armed Forces.
                    (B) Knowledge with respect to evidence-
                based treatments that have been approved by the 
                Department for the treatment of mental health 
                issues among members of the Armed Forces.
    (b) Availability of Information on Designation.--
            (1) Registry.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
        establish and update as necessary a publically 
        available registry of all non-Department mental health 
        care providers that are currently designated under 
        subsection (a)(1).
            (2) Provider list.--The Secretary shall update all 
        lists maintained by the Secretary of non-Department 
        mental health care providers that provide mental health 
        care under the laws administered by the Secretary by 
        indicating the providers that are currently designated 
        under subsection (a)(1).
    (c) Non-Department Mental Health Care Provider Defined.--In 
this section, the term ``non-Department mental health care 
provider''--
            (1) means a health care provider who--
                    (A) specializes in mental health;
                    (B) is not a health care provider of the 
                Department of Defense at a facility of the 
                Department; and
                    (C) provides health care to members of the 
                Armed Forces; and
            (2) includes psychiatrists, psychologists, 
        psychiatric nurses, social workers, mental health 
        counselors, marriage and family therapists, and other 
        mental health care providers designated by the 
        Secretary of Defense.

SEC. 718. COMPREHENSIVE STANDARDS AND ACCESS TO CONTRACEPTION 
                    COUNSELING FOR MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES.

    (a) Clinical Practice Guidelines.--
            (1) Establishment.--Not later than one year after 
        the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of 
        Defense shall establish clinical practice guidelines 
        for health care providers employed by the Department of 
        Defense on standards of care with respect to methods of 
        contraception and counseling on methods of 
        contraception for members of the Armed Forces.
            (2) Updates.--The Secretary shall from time to time 
        update the clinical practice guidelines established 
        under paragraph (1) to incorporate into such guidelines 
        new or updated standards of care with respect to 
        methods of contraception and counseling on methods of 
        contraception.
    (b) Dissemination.--
            (1) Initial dissemination.--As soon as practicable, 
        but commencing not later than one year after the date 
        of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall 
        provide for rapid dissemination of the clinical 
        practice guidelines to health care providers described 
        in subsection (a)(1).
            (2) Dissemination of updates.--As soon as 
        practicable after each update to the clinical practice 
        guidelines made by the Secretary pursuant to paragraph 
        (2) of subsection (a), the Secretary shall provide for 
        the rapid dissemination of such updated clinical 
        practice guidelines to health care providers described 
        in paragraph (1) of such subsection.
            (3) Protocols.--The Secretary shall disseminate the 
        clinical practice guidelines under paragraph (1) and 
        any updates to such guidelines under paragraph (2) in 
        accordance with administrative protocols developed by 
        the Secretary for such purpose.
    (c) Access to Contraception Counseling.--As soon as 
practicable after the date of the enactment of this Act, the 
Secretary shall ensure that women members of the Armed Forces 
have access to comprehensive counseling on the full range of 
methods of contraception provided by health care providers 
described in subsection (a)(1) during health care visits, 
including visits as follows:
            (1) During predeployment health care visits, 
        including counseling that provides specific information 
        women need regarding the interaction between 
        anticipated deployment conditions and various methods 
        of contraception.
            (2) During health care visits during deployment.
            (3) During annual physical examinations.

                 Subtitle C--Reports and Other Matters

SEC. 721. PROVISION OF TRANSPORTATION OF DEPENDENT PATIENTS RELATING TO 
                    OBSTETRICAL ANESTHESIA SERVICES.

    Section 1040(a)(2) of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended by striking subparagraph (F).

SEC. 722. EXTENSION OF AUTHORITY FOR DOD-VA HEALTH CARE SHARING 
                    INCENTIVE FUND.

    Section 8111(d)(3) of title 38, United States Code, is 
amended by striking ``September 30, 2015'' and inserting 
``September 30, 2020''.

SEC. 723. EXTENSION OF AUTHORITY FOR JOINT DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE-
                    DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS MEDICAL FACILITY 
                    DEMONSTRATION FUND.

    Section 1704(e) of the National Defense Authorization Act 
for Fiscal Year 2010 (Public Law 111-84; 123 Stat. 2573), as 
amended by section 722 of the Carl Levin and Howard P. ``Buck'' 
McKeon National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2015 
(Public Law 113-291), is further amended by striking 
``September 30, 2016'' and inserting ``September 30, 2017''.

SEC. 724. LIMITATION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR OFFICE OF THE 
                    SECRETARY OF DEFENSE.

    Of the funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act or 
otherwise made available for fiscal year 2016 for the Office of 
the Secretary of Defense, not more than 75 percent may be 
obligated or expended until the date on which the Secretary of 
Defense submits to the congressional defense committees the 
report required by section 713(a)(2) of the Carl Levin and 
Howard P. ``Buck'' McKeon National Defense Authorization Act 
for Fiscal Year 2015 (Public Law 113-291; 128 Stat. 3414).

SEC. 725. PILOT PROGRAM ON URGENT CARE UNDER TRICARE PROGRAM.

    (a) Pilot Program.--
            (1) In general.--Commencing not later than 180 days 
        after the date of the enactment of this Act, the 
        Secretary of Defense shall carry out a pilot program to 
        allow a covered beneficiary under the TRICARE program 
        access to urgent care visits without the need for 
        preauthorization for such visits.
            (2) Duration.--The Secretary shall carry out the 
        pilot program for a period of three years.
            (3) Incorporation of nurse advice line.--The 
        Secretary shall incorporate the nurse advise line of 
        the Department into the pilot program to direct covered 
        beneficiaries seeking access to care to the source of 
        the most appropriate level of health care required to 
        treat the medical conditions of the beneficiaries, 
        including urgent care under the pilot program.
    (b) Publication.--The Secretary shall--
            (1) publish information on the pilot program under 
        subsection (a) for the receipt of urgent care under the 
        TRICARE program--
                    (A) on the primary publically available 
                Internet website of the Department; and
                    (B) on the primary publically available 
                Internet website of each military medical 
                treatment facility; and
            (2) ensure that such information is made available 
        on the primary publically available Internet website of 
        each current managed care contractor that has 
        established a health care provider network under the 
        TRICARE program.
    (c) Reports.--
            (1) First report.--
                    (A) In general.--Not later than one year 
                after the date on which the pilot program under 
                subsection (a) commences, the Secretary shall 
                submit to the Committees on Armed Services of 
                the House of Representatives and the Senate a 
                report on the pilot program.
                    (B) Elements.--The report under 
                subparagraph (1) shall include the following:
                            (i) An analysis of urgent care use 
                        by covered beneficiaries in military 
                        medical treatment facilities and the 
                        TRICARE purchased care provider 
                        network.
                            (ii) A comparison of urgent care 
                        use by covered beneficiaries to the use 
                        by covered beneficiaries of emergency 
                        departments in military medical 
                        treatment facilities and the TRICARE 
                        purchased care provider network, 
                        including an analysis of whether the 
                        pilot program decreases the 
                        inappropriate use of medical care in 
                        emergency departments.
                            (iii) A determination of the extent 
                        to which the nurse advice line of the 
                        Department affected both urgent care 
                        and emergency department use by covered 
                        beneficiaries in military medical 
                        treatment facilities and the TRICARE 
                        purchased care provider network.
                            (iv) An analysis of any cost 
                        savings to the Department realized 
                        through the pilot program.
                            (v) A determination of the optimum 
                        number of urgent care visits available 
                        to covered beneficiaries without 
                        preauthorization.
                            (vi) An analysis of the 
                        satisfaction of covered beneficiaries 
                        with the pilot program.
            (2) Second report.--Not later than two years after 
        the date on which the pilot program commences, the 
        Secretary shall submit to the committees specified in 
        paragraph (1)(A) an update to the report required by 
        such paragraph, including any recommendations of the 
        Secretary with respect to extending or making permanent 
        the pilot program and a description of any related 
        legislative actions that the Secretary considers 
        appropriate.
            (3) Final report.--Not later than 180 days after 
        the date on which the pilot program is completed, the 
        Secretary shall submit to the committees specified in 
        paragraph (1)(A) a final report on the pilot program 
        that updates the report required by paragraph (2).
    (d) Definitions.--In this section, the terms ``covered 
beneficiary'' and ``TRICARE program'' have the meaning given 
such terms in section 1072 of title 10, United States Code.

SEC. 726. PILOT PROGRAM ON INCENTIVE PROGRAMS TO IMPROVE HEALTH CARE 
                    PROVIDED UNDER THE TRICARE PROGRAM.

    (a) Pilot Program.--Not later than 180 days after the date 
of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall 
commence the conduct of a pilot program under section 1092 of 
title 10, United States Code, to assess whether a reduction in 
the rate of increase in health care spending by the Department 
of Defense and an enhancement of the operation of the military 
health system may be achieved by developing and implementing 
value-based incentive programs to encourage health care 
providers under the TRICARE program (including physicians, 
hospitals, and others involved in providing health care to 
patients) to improve the following:
            (1) The quality of health care provided to covered 
        beneficiaries under the TRICARE program.
            (2) The experience of covered beneficiaries in 
        receiving health care under the TRICARE program.
            (3) The health of covered beneficiaries.
    (b) Incentive Programs.--
            (1) Development.--In developing an incentive 
        program under this section, the Secretary shall--
                    (A) consider the characteristics of the 
                population of covered beneficiaries affected by 
                the incentive program;
                    (B) consider how the incentive program 
                would impact the receipt of health care under 
                the TRICARE program by such covered 
                beneficiaries;
                    (C) establish or maintain an assurance that 
                such covered beneficiaries will have timely 
                access to health care during operation of the 
                incentive program;
                    (D) ensure that there are no additional 
                financial costs to such covered beneficiaries 
                of implementing the incentive program; and
                    (E) consider such other factors as the 
                Secretary considers appropriate.
            (2) Elements.--With respect to an incentive program 
        developed and implemented under this section, the 
        Secretary shall ensure that--
                    (A) the size, scope, and duration of the 
                incentive program is reasonable in relation to 
                the purpose of the incentive program; and
                    (B) appropriate criteria and data 
                collection are used to ensure adequate 
                evaluation of the feasibility and advisability 
                of implementing the incentive program 
                throughout the TRICARE program.
            (3) Use of existing models.--In developing an 
        incentive program under this section, the Secretary may 
        adapt a value-based incentive program conducted by the 
        Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services or any other 
        governmental or commercial health care program.
    (c) Termination.--The authority of the Secretary to carry 
out the pilot program under this section shall terminate on 
December 31, 2019.
    (d) Reports.--
            (1) Interim report.--Not later than one year after 
        the date of the enactment of this Act, and not less 
        frequently than once each year thereafter until the 
        termination of the pilot program, the Secretary shall 
        submit to the congressional defense committees a report 
        on the pilot program.
            (2) Final report.--Not later than September 30, 
        2019, the Secretary shall submit to the congressional 
        defense committees a final report on the pilot program.
            (3) Elements.--Each report submitted under 
        paragraph (1) or paragraph (2) shall include the 
        following:
                    (A) An assessment of each incentive program 
                developed and implemented under this section, 
                including whether such incentive program--
                            (i) improves the quality of health 
                        care provided to covered beneficiaries, 
                        the experience of covered beneficiaries 
                        in receiving health care under the 
                        TRICARE program, or the health of 
                        covered beneficiaries;
                            (ii) reduces the rate of increase 
                        in health care spending by the 
                        Department of Defense; or
                            (iii) enhances the operation of the 
                        military health system.
                    (B) Such recommendations for administrative 
                or legislative action as the Secretary 
                considers appropriate in light of the pilot 
                program, including to implement any such 
                incentive program or programs throughout the 
                TRICARE program.
    (e) Definitions.--In this section, the terms ``covered 
beneficiary'' and ``TRICARE program'' have the meanings given 
those terms in section 1072 of title 10, United States Code.

SEC. 727. LIMITATION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE 
                    HEALTHCARE MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS MODERNIZATION.

    Of the funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act or 
otherwise made available for fiscal year 2016 for the 
Department of Defense Healthcare Management Systems 
Modernization, not more than 75 percent may be obligated or 
expended until the date on which the Secretary of Defense makes 
the certification required by section 713(g)(2) of the National 
Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014 (Public Law 113-
66; 10 U.S.C. 1071 note).

SEC. 728. SUBMITTAL OF INFORMATION TO SECRETARY OF VETERANS AFFAIRS 
                    RELATING TO EXPOSURE TO AIRBORNE HAZARDS AND OPEN 
                    BURN PITS.

    (a) In General.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
the enactment of this Act, and periodically thereafter, the 
Secretary of Defense shall submit to the Secretary of Veterans 
Affairs such information in the possession of the Secretary of 
Defense as the Secretary of Veterans Affairs considers 
necessary to supplement and support--
            (1) the development of information to be included 
        in the Airborne Hazards and Open Burn Pit Registry 
        established by the Department of Veterans Affairs under 
        section 201 of the Dignified Burial and Other Veterans' 
        Benefits Improvement Act of 2012 (Public Law 112-260; 
        38 U.S.C. 527 note); and
            (2) research and development activities conducted 
        by the Department of Veterans Affairs to explore the 
        potential health risks of exposure by members of the 
        Armed Forces to environmental factors in Iraq and 
        Afghanistan, in particular the connection of such 
        exposure to respiratory illnesses such as chronic 
        cough, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, 
        constrictive bronchiolitis, and pulmonary fibrosis.
    (b) Inclusion of Certain Information.--The Secretary of 
Defense shall include in the information submitted to the 
Secretary of Veterans Affairs under subsection (a) information 
on any research and surveillance efforts conducted by the 
Department of Defense to evaluate the incidence and prevalence 
of respiratory illnesses among members of the Armed Forces who 
were exposed to open burn pits while deployed overseas.

SEC. 729. PLAN FOR DEVELOPMENT OF PROCEDURES TO MEASURE DATA ON MENTAL 
                    HEALTH CARE PROVIDED BY THE DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE.

    Not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of 
this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
Representatives a plan for the Department of Defense to develop 
procedures to compile and assess data relating to the 
following:
            (1) Outcomes for mental health care provided by the 
        Department.
            (2) Variations in such outcomes among different 
        medical facilities of the Department.
            (3) Barriers, if any, to the implementation by 
        mental health care providers of the Department of the 
        clinical practice guidelines and other evidence-based 
        treatments and approaches recommended for such 
        providers by the Secretary.

SEC. 730. REPORT ON PLANS TO IMPROVE EXPERIENCE WITH AND ELIMINATE 
                    PERFORMANCE VARIABILITY OF HEALTH CARE PROVIDED BY 
                    THE DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE.

    (a) Comprehensive Report.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than 180 days after the 
        date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of 
        Defense shall submit to the Committees on Armed 
        Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives 
        a comprehensive report setting forth the current and 
        future plans of the Secretary, with estimated dates of 
        completion, to carry out the following:
                    (A) To improve the experience of 
                beneficiaries with health care provided in 
                military medical treatment facilities and 
                through purchased care.
                    (B) To eliminate performance variability 
                with respect to the provision of such health 
                care.
            (2) Elements.--The comprehensive report under 
        paragraph (1) shall include the plans of the Secretary 
        of Defense, in consultation with the Secretaries of the 
        military departments, as follows:
                    (A) To align performance measures for 
                health care provided in military medical 
                treatment facilities with performance measures 
                for health care provided through purchased 
                care.
                    (B) To improve performance in the provision 
                of health care by the Department of Defense by 
                eliminating performance variability with 
                respect to the provision of health care in 
                military medical treatment facilities and 
                through purchased care.
                    (C) To use innovative, high-technology 
                services to improve access to care, 
                coordination of care, and the experience of 
                care in military medical treatment facilities 
                and through purchased care.
                    (D) To collect and analyze data throughout 
                the Department with respect to health care 
                provided in military medical treatment 
                facilities and through purchased care to 
                improve the quality of such care, patient 
                safety, and patient satisfaction.
                    (E) To develop a performance management 
                system, including by adoption of common 
                measures for access to care, quality of care, 
                safety, and patient satisfaction, that holds 
                medical leadership throughout the Department 
                accountable for sustained improvement of 
                performance.
                    (F) To use such other methods as the 
                Secretary considers appropriate to improve the 
                experience of beneficiaries with and eliminate 
                performance variability with respect to health 
                care received from the Department.
    (b) Comptroller General Report.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than 180 days after the 
        submission of the comprehensive report required by 
        subsection (a)(1), the Comptroller General of the 
        United States shall submit to the Committees on Armed 
        Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives 
        a report on the plans of the Secretary of Defense set 
        forth in the comprehensive report submitted under such 
        subsection.
            (2) Elements.--The report under paragraph (1) shall 
        include the following:
                    (A) An assessment of whether the plans 
                included in the comprehensive report submitted 
                under subsection (a) will, with respect to 
                members of the Armed Forces and covered 
                beneficiaries under the TRICARE program--
                            (i) improve health outcomes;
                            (ii) create consistent health 
                        value; and
                            (iii) ensure that such individuals 
                        receive quality health care in all 
                        military medical treatment facilities 
                        and through purchased care.
                    (B) An assessment of whether such plans can 
                be achieved within the estimated dates of 
                completion set forth by the Department under 
                such subsection.
                    (C) An assessment of whether any such plan 
                would require legislation for the 
                implementation of such plan.
                    (D) An assessment of whether the Department 
                of Defense has adequately budgeted amounts to 
                fund the carrying out of such plans.
                    (E) Metrics that can be used to evaluate 
                the performance of such plans.
    (c) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) The term ``purchased care'' means health care 
        provided pursuant to a contract entered into under the 
        TRICARE program.
            (2) The terms ``covered beneficiary'' and ``TRICARE 
        program'' have the meaning given such terms in section 
        1072 of title 10, United States Code.

SEC. 731. COMPTROLLER GENERAL STUDY ON GAMBLING AND PROBLEM GAMBLING 
                    BEHAVIOR AMONG MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES.

    (a) In General.--The Comptroller General of the United 
States shall conduct a study on gambling among members of the 
Armed Forces.
    (b) Matters Included.--The study conducted under subsection 
(a) shall include the following:
            (1) With respect to gaming facilities at military 
        installations, disaggregated by each military 
        department, the number, type, and location of such 
        gaming facilities.
            (2) An assessment of the prevalence of and 
        particular risks for problem gambling among members of 
        the Armed Forces, including such recommendations for 
        policies and programs to be carried out by the 
        Department to address problem gambling as the 
        Comptroller General considers appropriate.
            (3) An assessment of the ability and capacity of 
        military health care personnel to adequately diagnose 
        and provide dedicated treatment for problem gambling, 
        including--
                    (A) a comparison of treatment programs of 
                the Department for alcohol abuse, illegal 
                substance abuse, and tobacco addiction with 
                treatment programs of the Department for 
                problem gambling; and
                    (B) an assessment of whether additional 
                training for military health care personnel on 
                providing treatment for problem gambling would 
                be beneficial.
            (4) An assessment of the financial counseling and 
        related services that are available to members of the 
        Armed Forces and dependents of such members who are 
        affected by problem gambling.
    (c) Report.--Not later than one year after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Comptroller General shall submit to 
the congressional defense committees a report on the results of 
the study conducted under subsection (a).

  TITLE VIII--ACQUISITION POLICY, ACQUISITION MANAGEMENT, AND RELATED 
                                MATTERS

              Subtitle A--Acquisition Policy and Management

Sec. 801. Required review of acquisition-related functions of the Chiefs 
          of Staff of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 802. Role of Chiefs of Staff in the acquisition process.
Sec. 803. Expansion of rapid acquisition authority.
Sec. 804. Middle tier of acquisition for rapid prototyping and rapid 
          fielding.
Sec. 805. Use of alternative acquisition paths to acquire critical 
          national security capabilities.
Sec. 806. Secretary of Defense waiver of acquisition laws to acquire 
          vital national security capabilities.
Sec. 807. Acquisition authority of the Commander of United States Cyber 
          Command.
Sec. 808. Report on linking and streamlining requirements, acquisition, 
          and budget processes within Armed Forces.
Sec. 809. Advisory panel on streamlining and codifying acquisition 
          regulations.
Sec. 810. Review of time-based requirements process and budgeting and 
          acquisition systems.

 Subtitle B--Amendments to General Contracting Authorities, Procedures, 
                             and Limitations

Sec. 811. Amendment relating to multiyear contract authority for 
          acquisition of property.
Sec. 812. Applicability of cost and pricing data and certification 
          requirements.
Sec. 813. Rights in technical data.
Sec. 814. Procurement of supplies for experimental purposes.
Sec. 815. Amendments to other transaction authority.
Sec. 816. Amendment to acquisition threshold for special emergency 
          procurement authority.
Sec. 817. Revision of method of rounding when making inflation 
          adjustment of acquisition-related dollar thresholds.

  Subtitle C--Provisions Related to Major Defense Acquisition Programs

Sec. 821. Acquisition strategy required for each major defense 
          acquisition program, major automated information system, and 
          major system.
Sec. 822. Revision to requirements relating to risk management in 
          development of major defense acquisition programs and major 
          systems.
Sec. 823. Revision of Milestone A decision authority responsibilities 
          for major defense acquisition programs.
Sec. 824. Revision of Milestone B decision authority responsibilities 
          for major defense acquisition programs.
Sec. 825. Designation of milestone decision authority.
Sec. 826. Tenure and accountability of program managers for program 
          definition periods.
Sec. 827. Tenure and accountability of program managers for program 
          execution periods.
Sec. 828. Penalty for cost overruns.
Sec. 829. Streamlining of reporting requirements applicable to Assistant 
          Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering regarding 
          major defense acquisition programs.
Sec. 830. Configuration Steering Boards for cost control under major 
          defense acquisition programs.
Sec. 831. Repeal of requirement for stand-alone manpower estimates for 
          major defense acquisition programs.
Sec. 832. Revision to duties of the Deputy Assistant Secretary of 
          Defense for Developmental Test and Evaluation and the Deputy 
          Assistant Secretary of Defense for Systems Engineering.

        Subtitle D--Provisions Relating to Acquisition Workforce

Sec. 841. Amendments to Department of Defense Acquisition Workforce 
          Development Fund.
Sec. 842. Dual-track military professionals in operational and 
          acquisition specialities.
Sec. 843. Provision of joint duty assignment credit for acquisition 
          duty.
Sec. 844. Mandatory requirement for training related to the conduct of 
          market research.
Sec. 845. Independent study of implementation of defense acquisition 
          workforce improvement efforts.
Sec. 846. Extension of authority for the civilian acquisition workforce 
          personnel demonstration project.

           Subtitle E--Provisions Relating to Commercial Items

Sec. 851. Procurement of commercial items.
Sec. 852. Modification to information required to be submitted by 
          offeror in procurement of major weapon systems as commercial 
          items.
Sec. 853. Use of recent prices paid by the Government in the 
          determination of price reasonableness.
Sec. 854. Report on defense-unique laws applicable to the procurement of 
          commercial items and commercially available off-the-shelf 
          items.
Sec. 855. Market research and preference for commercial items.
Sec. 856. Limitation on conversion of procurements from commercial 
          acquisition procedures.
Sec. 857. Treatment of goods and services provided by nontraditional 
          defense contractors as commercial items.

                   Subtitle F--Industrial Base Matters

Sec. 861. Amendment to Mentor-Protege Program.
Sec. 862. Amendments to data quality improvement plan.
Sec. 863. Notice of contract consolidation for acquisition strategies.
Sec. 864. Clarification of requirements related to small business 
          contracts for services.
Sec. 865. Certification requirements for Business Opportunity 
          Specialists, commercial market representatives, and 
          procurement center representatives.
Sec. 866. Modifications to requirements for qualified HUBZone small 
          business concerns located in a base closure area.
Sec. 867. Joint venturing and teaming.
Sec. 868. Modification to and scorecard program for small business 
          contracting goals.
Sec. 869. Establishment of an Office of Hearings and Appeals in the 
          Small Business Administration; petitions for reconsideration 
          of size standards.
Sec. 870. Additional duties of the Director of Small and Disadvantaged 
          Business Utilization.
Sec. 871. Including subcontracting goals in agency responsibilities.
Sec. 872. Reporting related to failure of contractors to meet goals 
          under negotiated comprehensive small business subcontracting 
          plans.
Sec. 873. Pilot program for streamlining awards for innovative 
          technology projects.
Sec. 874. Surety bond requirements and amount of guarantee.
Sec. 875. Review of Government access to intellectual property rights of 
          private sector firms.
Sec. 876. Inclusion in annual technology and industrial capability 
          assessments of a determination about defense acquisition 
          program requirements.

                        Subtitle G--Other Matters

Sec. 881. Consideration of potential program cost increases and schedule 
          delays resulting from oversight of defense acquisition 
          programs.
Sec. 882. Examination and guidance relating to oversight and approval of 
          services contracts.
Sec. 883. Streamlining of requirements relating to defense business 
          systems.
Sec. 884. Procurement of personal protective equipment.
Sec. 885. Amendments concerning detection and avoidance of counterfeit 
          electronic parts.
Sec. 886. Exception for AbilityOne products from authority to acquire 
          goods and services manufactured in Afghanistan, Central Asian 
          States, and Djibouti.
Sec. 887. Effective communication between government and industry.
Sec. 888. Standards for procurement of secure information technology and 
          cyber security systems.
Sec. 889. Unified information technology services.
Sec. 890. Cloud strategy for Department of Defense.
Sec. 891. Development period for Department of Defense information 
          technology systems.
Sec. 892. Revisions to pilot program on acquisition of military purpose 
          nondevelopmental items.
Sec. 893. Improved auditing of contracts.
Sec. 894. Sense of Congress on evaluation method for procurement of 
          audit or audit readiness services.
Sec. 895. Mitigating potential unfair competitive advantage of technical 
          advisors to acquisition programs.
Sec. 896. Survey on the costs of regulatory compliance.
Sec. 897. Treatment of interagency and State and local purchases when 
          the Department of Defense acts as contract intermediary for 
          the General Services Administration.
Sec. 898. Competition for religious services contracts.
Sec. 899. Pilot program regarding risk-based contracting for smaller 
          contract actions under the Truth in Negotiations Act.

             Subtitle A--Acquisition Policy and Management

SEC. 801. REQUIRED REVIEW OF ACQUISITION-RELATED FUNCTIONS OF THE 
                    CHIEFS OF STAFF OF THE ARMED FORCES.

    (a) Review Required.--The Chief of Staff of the Army, the 
Chief of Naval Operations, the Chief of Staff of the Air Force, 
and the Commandant of the Marine Corps shall conduct a review 
of their current individual authorities provided in sections 
3033, 5033, 8033, and 5043 of title 10, United States Code, and 
other relevant statutes and regulations related to defense 
acquisitions for the purpose of developing such recommendations 
as the Chief concerned or the Commandant considers necessary to 
further or advance the role of the Chief concerned or the 
Commandant in the development of requirements, acquisition 
processes, and the associated budget practices of the 
Department of Defense.
    (b) Reports.--Not later than March 1, 2016, the Chief of 
Staff of the Army, the Chief of Naval Operations, the Chief of 
Staff of the Air Force, and the Commandant of the Marine Corps 
shall each submit to the congressional defense committees a 
report containing, at a minimum, the following:
            (1) The recommendations developed by the Chief 
        concerned or the Commandant under subsection (a) and 
        other results of the review conducted under such 
        subsection.
            (2) The actions the Chief concerned or the 
        Commandant is taking, if any, within the Chief's or 
        Commandant's existing authority to implement such 
        recommendations.

SEC. 802. ROLE OF CHIEFS OF STAFF IN THE ACQUISITION PROCESS.

    (a) Chiefs of Staff as Customer of Acquisition Process.--
            (1) In general.--Chapter 149 of title 10, United 
        States Code, is amended by inserting after section 2546 
        the following new section:

``Sec. 2546a. Customer-oriented acquisition system

    ``(a) Objective.--It shall be the objective of the defense 
acquisition system to meet the needs of its customers in the 
most cost-effective manner practicable. The acquisition 
policies, directives, and regulations of the Department of 
Defense shall be modified as necessary to ensure the 
development and implementation of a customer-oriented 
acquisition system.
    ``(b) Customer.--The customer of the defense acquisition 
system is the armed force that will have primary responsibility 
for fielding the system or systems acquired. The customer is 
represented with regard to a major defense acquisition program 
by the Secretary of the military department concerned and the 
Chief of the armed force concerned.
    ``(c) Role of Customer.--The customer of a major defense 
acquisition program shall be responsible for balancing 
resources against priorities on the acquisition program and 
ensuring that appropriate trade-offs are made among cost, 
schedule, technical feasibility, and performance on a 
continuing basis throughout the life of the acquisition 
program.''.
            (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at 
        the beginning of chapter 149 of such title is amended 
        by inserting after the item relating to section 2546 
        the following new item:

``2546a. Customer-oriented acquisition system.''.
    (b) Responsibilities of Chiefs.--Section 2547(a) of title 
10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) by redesignating paragraphs (2) through (6) as 
        paragraphs (3) through (7), respectively;
            (2) by inserting after paragraph (1) the following 
        new paragraph:
            ``(2) Decisions regarding the balancing of 
        resources and priorities, and associated trade-offs 
        among cost, schedule, technical feasibility, and 
        performance on major defense acquisition programs.''; 
        and
            (3) in paragraph (6), as redesignated by paragraph 
        (1) of this subsection, by striking ``The development'' 
        and inserting ``The development and management''.
    (c) Responsibilities of Military Deputies.--Section 908(d) 
of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2008 
(Public Law 110-181; 10 U.S.C. 2430 note) is amended to read as 
follows:
    ``(d) Duties of Principal Military Deputies.--Each 
Principal Military Deputy to a service acquisition executive 
shall be responsible for--
            ``(1) keeping the Chief of Staff of the Armed Force 
        concerned informed of the progress of major defense 
        acquisition programs;
            ``(2) informing the Chief of Staff on a continuing 
        basis of any developments on major defense acquisition 
        programs, which may require new or revisited trade-offs 
        among cost, schedule, technical feasibility, and 
        performance, including--
                    ``(A) significant cost growth or schedule 
                slippage; and
                    ``(B) requirements creep (as defined in 
                section 2547(c)(1) of title 10, United States 
                Code); and
            ``(3) ensuring that the views of the Chief of Staff 
        on cost, schedule, technical feasibility, and 
        performance trade-offs are strongly considered by 
        program managers and program executive officers in all 
        phases of the acquisition process.''.
    (d) Conforming Amendments.--
            (1) Joint requirements oversight council.--Section 
        181(d) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
        adding at the end the following new paragraph:
    ``(3) The Council shall seek, and strongly consider, the 
views of the Chiefs of Staff of the armed forces, in their 
roles as customers of the acquisition system, on matters 
pertaining to trade-offs among cost, schedule, technical 
feasibility, and performance under subsection (b)(1)(C) and the 
balancing of resources with priorities pursuant to subsection 
(b)(3).''.
            (2) Milestone a decisions.--The Chief of the Armed 
        Force concerned shall advise the milestone decision 
        authority for a major defense acquisition program of 
        the Chief's views on cost, schedule, technical 
        feasibility, and performance trade-offs that have been 
        made with regard to the program, as provided in section 
        2366a(a)(2) of title 10, United States Code, as amended 
        by section 823 of this Act, prior to a Milestone A 
        decision on the program.
            (3) Milestone b decisions.--The Chief of the Armed 
        Force concerned shall advise the milestone decision 
        authority for a major defense acquisition program of 
        the Chief's views on cost, schedule, technical 
        feasibility, and performance trade-offs that have been 
        made with regard to the program, as provided in section 
        2366b(b)(3) of title 10, United States Code, as amended 
        by section 824 of this Act, prior to a Milestone B 
        decision on the program.
            (4) Duties of chiefs.--
                    (A) Section 3033(d)(5) of title 10, United 
                States Code, is amended by striking ``section 
                171'' and inserting ``sections 171 and 2547''.
                    (B) Section 5033(d)(5) of title 10, United 
                States Code, is amended by striking ``section 
                171'' and inserting ``sections 171 and 2547''.
                    (C) Section 5043(e)(5) of title 10, United 
                States Code, is amended by striking ``section 
                171'' and inserting ``sections 171 and 2547''.
                    (D) Section 8033(d)(5) of title 10, United 
                States Code, is amended by striking ``section 
                171'' and inserting ``sections 171 and 2547''.

SEC. 803. EXPANSION OF RAPID ACQUISITION AUTHORITY.

    Section 806(c) of the Bob Stump National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2003 (Public Law 107-314; 10 
U.S.C. 2302 note) is amended to read as follows:
    ``(c) Response to Combat Emergencies and Certain Urgent 
Operational Needs.--
            ``(1) Determination of need for rapid acquisition 
        and deployment.--(A) In the case of any supplies and 
        associated support services that, as determined in 
        writing by the Secretary of Defense, are urgently 
        needed to eliminate a documented deficiency that has 
        resulted in combat casualties, or is likely to result 
        in combat casualties, the Secretary may use the 
        procedures developed under this section in order to 
        accomplish the rapid acquisition and deployment of the 
        needed supplies and associated support services.
            ``(B) In the case of any supplies and associated 
        support services that, as determined in writing by the 
        Secretary of Defense, are urgently needed to eliminate 
        a documented deficiency that impacts an ongoing or 
        anticipated contingency operation and that, if left 
        unfulfilled, could potentially result in loss of life 
        or critical mission failure, the Secretary may use the 
        procedures developed under this section in order to 
        accomplish the rapid acquisition and deployment of the 
        needed supplies and associated support services.
            ``(C)(i) In the case of any supplies and associated 
        support services that, as determined in writing by the 
        Secretary of Defense without delegation, are urgently 
        needed to eliminate a deficiency that as the result of 
        a cyber attack has resulted in critical mission 
        failure, the loss of life, property destruction, or 
        economic effects, or if left unfilled is likely to 
        result in critical mission failure, the loss of life, 
        property destruction, or economic effects, the 
        Secretary may use the procedures developed under this 
        section in order to accomplish the rapid acquisition 
        and deployment of the needed offensive or defensive 
        cyber capabilities, supplies, and associated support 
        services.
            ``(ii) In this subparagraph, the term `cyber 
        attack' means a deliberate action to alter, disrupt, 
        deceive, degrade, or destroy computer systems or 
        networks or the information or programs resident in or 
        transiting these systems or networks.
            ``(2) Designation of senior official responsible.--
        (A) Whenever the Secretary makes a determination under 
        subparagraph (A), (B), or (C) of paragraph (1) that 
        certain supplies and associated support services are 
        urgently needed to eliminate a deficiency described in 
        that subparagraph, the Secretary shall designate a 
        senior official of the Department of Defense to ensure 
        that the needed supplies and associated support 
        services are acquired and deployed as quickly as 
        possible, with a goal of awarding a contract for the 
        acquisition of the supplies and associated support 
        services within 15 days.
            ``(B) Upon designation of a senior official under 
        subparagraph (A), the Secretary shall authorize that 
        official to waive any provision of law, policy, 
        directive, or regulation described in subsection (d) 
        that such official determines in writing would 
        unnecessarily impede the rapid acquisition and 
        deployment of the needed supplies and associated 
        support services. In a case in which the needed 
        supplies and associated support services cannot be 
        acquired without an extensive delay, the senior 
        official shall require that an interim solution be 
        implemented and deployed using the procedures developed 
        under this section to minimize adverse consequences 
        resulting from the urgent need.
            ``(3) Use of funds.--(A) In any fiscal year in 
        which the Secretary makes a determination described in 
        subparagraph (A), (B), or (C) of paragraph (1), the 
        Secretary may use any funds available to the Department 
        of Defense for acquisitions of supplies and associated 
        support services if the determination includes a 
        written finding that the use of such funds is necessary 
        to address the deficiency in a timely manner.
            ``(B) The authority of this section may only be 
        used to acquire supplies and associated support 
        services--
                    ``(i) in the case of determinations by the 
                Secretary under paragraph (1)(A), in an amount 
                aggregating not more than $200,000,000 during 
                any fiscal year;
                    ``(ii) in the case of determinations by the 
                Secretary under paragraph (1)(B), in an amount 
                aggregating not more than $200,000,000 during 
                any fiscal year; and
                    ``(iii) in the case of determinations by 
                the Secretary under paragraph (1)(C), in an 
                amount aggregating not more than $200,000,000 
                during any fiscal year.
            ``(4) Notification to congressional defense 
        committees.--(A) In the case of a determination by the 
        Secretary under paragraph (1)(A), the Secretary shall 
        notify the congressional defense committees of the 
        determination within 15 days after the date of the 
        determination.
            ``(B) In the case of a determination by the 
        Secretary under paragraph (1)(B) the Secretary shall 
        notify the congressional defense committees of the 
        determination at least 10 days before the date on which 
        the determination is effective.
            ``(C) A notice under this paragraph shall include 
        the following:
                    ``(i) The supplies and associated support 
                services to be acquired.
                    ``(ii) The amount anticipated to be 
                expended for the acquisition.
                    ``(iii) The source of funds for the 
                acquisition.
            ``(D) A notice under this paragraph shall be 
        sufficient to fulfill any requirement to provide 
        notification to Congress for a new start program.
            ``(E) A notice under this paragraph shall be 
        provided in consultation with the Director of the 
        Office of Management and Budget.
            ``(5) Time for transitioning to normal acquisition 
        system.--Any acquisition initiated under this 
        subsection shall transition to the normal acquisition 
        system not later than two years after the date on which 
        the Secretary makes the determination described in 
        paragraph (1) with respect to the supplies and 
        associated support services concerned.
            ``(6) Limitation on officers with authority to make 
        a determination.--The authority to make a determination 
        under subparagraph (A), (B), or (C) of paragraph (1) 
        may be exercised only by the Secretary or Deputy 
        Secretary of Defense.''.

SEC. 804. MIDDLE TIER OF ACQUISITION FOR RAPID PROTOTYPING AND RAPID 
                    FIELDING.

    (a) Guidance Required.--Not later than 180 days after the 
date of the enactment of this Act, the Under Secretary of 
Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics, in 
consultation with the Comptroller of the Department of Defense 
and the Vice Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, shall 
establish guidance for a ``middle tier'' of acquisition 
programs that are intended to be completed in a period of two 
to five years.
    (b) Acquisition Pathways.--The guidance required by 
subsection (a) shall cover the following two acquisition 
pathways:
            (1) Rapid prototyping.--The rapid prototyping 
        pathway shall provide for the use of innovative 
        technologies to rapidly develop fieldable prototypes to 
        demonstrate new capabilities and meet emerging military 
        needs. The objective of an acquisition program under 
        this pathway shall be to field a prototype that can be 
        demonstrated in an operational environment and provide 
        for a residual operational capability within five years 
        of the development of an approved requirement.
            (2) Rapid fielding.--The rapid fielding pathway 
        shall provide for the use of proven technologies to 
        field production quantities of new or upgraded systems 
        with minimal development required. The objective of an 
        acquisition program under this pathway shall be to 
        begin production within six months and complete 
        fielding within five years of the development of an 
        approved requirement.
    (c) Expedited Process.--
            (1) In general.--The guidance required by 
        subsection (a) shall provide for a streamlined and 
        coordinated requirements, budget, and acquisition 
        process that results in the development of an approved 
        requirement for each program in a period of not more 
        than six months from the time that the process is 
        initiated. Programs that are subject to the guidance 
        shall not be subject to the Joint Capabilities 
        Integration and Development System Manual and 
        Department of Defense Directive 5000.01, except to the 
        extent specifically provided in the guidance.
            (2) Rapid prototyping.--With respect to the rapid 
        prototyping pathway, the guidance shall include--
                    (A) a merit-based process for the 
                consideration of innovative technologies and 
                new capabilities to meet needs communicated by 
                the Joint Chiefs of Staff and the combatant 
                commanders;
                    (B) a process for developing and 
                implementing acquisition and funding strategies 
                for the program;
                    (C) a process for cost-sharing with the 
                military departments on rapid prototype 
                projects, to ensure an appropriate commitment 
                to the success of such projects;
                    (D) a process for demonstrating and 
                evaluating the performance of fieldable 
                prototypes developed pursuant to the program in 
                an operational environment; and
                    (E) a process for transitioning successful 
                prototypes to new or existing acquisition 
                programs for production and fielding under the 
                rapid fielding pathway or the traditional 
                acquisition system.
            (3) Rapid fielding.--With respect to the rapid 
        fielding pathway, the guidance shall include--
                    (A) a merit-based process for the 
                consideration of existing products and proven 
                technologies to meet needs communicated by the 
                Joint Chiefs of Staff and the combatant 
                commanders;
                    (B) a process for demonstrating performance 
                and evaluating for current operational purposes 
                the proposed products and technologies;
                    (C) a process for developing and 
                implementing acquisition and funding strategies 
                for the program; and
                    (D) a process for considering lifecycle 
                costs and addressing issues of logistics 
                support and system interoperability.
            (4) Streamlined procedures.--The guidance for the 
        programs may provide for any of the following 
        streamlined procedures:
                    (A) The service acquisition executive of 
                the military department concerned shall appoint 
                a program manager for such program from among 
                candidates from among civilian employees or 
                members of the Armed Forces who have 
                significant and relevant experience managing 
                large and complex programs.
                    (B) The program manager for each program 
                shall report with respect to such program 
                directly, without intervening review or 
                approval, to the service acquisition executive 
                of the military department concerned.
                    (C) The service acquisition executive of 
                the military department concerned shall 
                evaluate the job performance of such manager on 
                an annual basis. In conducting an evaluation 
                under this paragraph, a service acquisition 
                executive shall consider the extent to which 
                the manager has achieved the objectives of the 
                program for which the manager is responsible, 
                including quality, timeliness, and cost 
                objectives.
                    (D) The program manager of a defense 
                streamlined program shall be authorized staff 
                positions for a technical staff, including 
                experts in business management, contracting, 
                auditing, engineering, testing, and logistics, 
                to enable the manager to manage the program 
                without the technical assistance of another 
                organizational unit of an agency to the maximum 
                extent practicable.
                    (E) The program manager of a defense 
                streamlined program shall be authorized, in 
                coordination with the users of the equipment 
                and capability to be acquired and the test 
                community, to make trade-offs among life-cycle 
                costs, requirements, and schedules to meet the 
                goals of the program.
                    (F) The service acquisition executive, 
                acting in coordination with the defense 
                acquisition executive, shall serve as the 
                milestone decision authority for the program.
                    (G) The program manager of a defense 
                streamlined program shall be provided a process 
                to expeditiously seek a waiver from Congress 
                from any statutory or regulatory requirement 
                that the program manager determines adds little 
                or no value to the management of the program.
    (d) Rapid Prototyping Fund.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
        establish a fund to be known as the ``Department of 
        Defense Rapid Prototyping Fund'' to provide funds, in 
        addition to other funds that may be available for 
        acquisition programs under the rapid prototyping 
        pathway established pursuant to this section. The Fund 
        shall be managed by a senior official of the Department 
        of Defense designated by the Under Secretary of Defense 
        for Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics. The Fund 
        shall consist of amounts appropriated to the Fund and 
        amounts credited to the Fund pursuant to section 828 of 
        this Act.
            (2) Transfer authority.--Amounts available in the 
        Fund may be transferred to a military department for 
        the purpose of carrying out an acquisition program 
        under the rapid prototyping pathway established 
        pursuant to this section. Any amount so transferred 
        shall be credited to the account to which it is 
        transferred. The transfer authority provided in this 
        subsection is in addition to any other transfer 
        authority available to the Department of Defense.
            (3) Congressional notice.--The senior official 
        designated to manage the Fund shall notify the 
        congressional defense committees of all transfers under 
        paragraph (2). Each notification shall specify the 
        amount transferred, the purpose of the transfer, and 
        the total projected cost and estimated cost to complete 
        the acquisition program to which the funds were 
        transferred.

SEC. 805. USE OF ALTERNATIVE ACQUISITION PATHS TO ACQUIRE CRITICAL 
                    NATIONAL SECURITY CAPABILITIES.

    Not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of 
this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall establish procedures 
for alternative acquisition pathways to acquire capital assets 
and services that meet critical national security needs. The 
procedures shall--
            (1) be separate from existing acquisition 
        procedures;
            (2) be supported by streamlined contracting, 
        budgeting, and requirements processes;
            (3) establish alternative acquisition paths based 
        on the capabilities being bought and the time needed to 
        deploy these capabilities; and
            (4) maximize the use of flexible authorities in 
        existing law and regulation.

SEC. 806. SECRETARY OF DEFENSE WAIVER OF ACQUISITION LAWS TO ACQUIRE 
                    VITAL NATIONAL SECURITY CAPABILITIES.

    (a) Waiver Authority.--The Secretary of Defense is 
authorized to waive any provision of acquisition law or 
regulation described in subsection (c) for the purpose of 
acquiring a capability that would not otherwise be available to 
the Armed Forces of the United States, upon a determination 
that--
            (1) the acquisition of the capability is in the 
        vital national security interest of the United States;
            (2) the application of the law or regulation to be 
        waived would impede the acquisition of the capability 
        in a manner that would undermine the national security 
        of the United States; and
            (3) the underlying purpose of the law or regulation 
        to be waived can be addressed in a different manner or 
        at a different time.
    (b) Designation of Responsible Official.--Whenever the 
Secretary of Defense makes a determination under subsection 
(a)(1) that the acquisition of a capability is in the vital 
national security interest of the United States, the Secretary 
shall designate a senior official of the Department of Defense 
who shall be personally responsible and accountable for the 
rapid and effective acquisition and deployment of the needed 
capability. The Secretary shall provide the designated official 
such authority as the Secretary determines necessary to achieve 
this objective, and may use the waiver authority in subsection 
(a) for this purpose.
    (c) Acquisition Laws and Regulations.--
            (1) In general.--Upon a determination described in 
        subsection (a), the Secretary of Defense is authorized 
        to waive any provision of law or regulation 
        addressing--
                    (A) the establishment of a requirement or 
                specification for the capability to be 
                acquired;
                    (B) research, development, test, and 
                evaluation of the capability to be acquired;
                    (C) production, fielding, and sustainment 
                of the capability to be acquired; or
                    (D) solicitation, selection of sources, and 
                award of contracts for the capability to be 
                acquired.
            (2) Limitations.--Nothing in this subsection 
        authorizes the waiver of--
                    (A) the requirements of this section;
                    (B) any provision of law imposing civil or 
                criminal penalties; or
                    (C) any provision of law governing the 
                proper expenditure of appropriated funds.
    (d) Report to Congress.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
notify the congressional defense committees at least 30 days 
before exercising the waiver authority under subsection (a). 
Each such notice shall include--
            (1) an explanation of the basis for determining 
        that the acquisition of the capability is in the vital 
        national security interest of the United States;
            (2) an identification of each provision of law or 
        regulation to be waived; and
            (3) for each provision identified pursuant to 
        paragraph (2)--
                    (A) an explanation of why the application 
                of the provision would impede the acquisition 
                in a manner that would undermine the national 
                security of the United States; and
                    (B) a description of the time or manner in 
                which the underlying purpose of the law or 
                regulation to be waived will be addressed.
    (e) Nondelegation.--The authority of the Secretary to waive 
provisions of laws and regulations under subsection (a) is 
nondelegable.

SEC. 807. ACQUISITION AUTHORITY OF THE COMMANDER OF UNITED STATES CYBER 
                    COMMAND.

    (a) Authority.--
            (1) In general.--The Commander of the United States 
        Cyber Command shall be responsible for, and shall have 
        the authority to conduct, the following acquisition 
        activities:
                    (A) Development and acquisition of cyber 
                operations-peculiar equipment and capabilities.
                    (B) Acquisition and sustainment of cyber 
                capability-peculiar equipment, capabilities, 
                and services.
            (2) Acquisition functions.--Subject to the 
        authority, direction, and control of the Secretary of 
        Defense, the Commander shall have authority to exercise 
        the functions of the head of an agency under chapter 
        137 of title 10, United States Code.
    (b) Command Acquisition Executive.--
            (1) In general.--The staff of the Commander shall 
        include a command acquisition executive, who shall be 
        responsible for the overall supervision of acquisition 
        matters for the United States Cyber Command. The 
        command acquisition executive shall have the 
        authority--
                    (A) to negotiate memoranda of agreement 
                with the military departments and Department of 
                Defense components to carry out the acquisition 
                of equipment, capabilities, and services 
                described in subsection (a)(1) on behalf of the 
                Command;
                    (B) to supervise the acquisition of 
                equipment, capabilities, and services described 
                in subsection (a)(1);
                    (C) to represent the Command in discussions 
                with the military departments regarding 
                acquisition programs for which the Command is a 
                customer; and
                    (D) to work with the military departments 
                to ensure that the Command is appropriately 
                represented in any joint working group or 
                integrated product team regarding acquisition 
                programs for which the Command is a customer.
            (2) Delivery of acquisition solutions.--The command 
        acquisition executive of the United States Cyber 
        Command shall be--
                    (A) responsible to the Commander for 
                rapidly delivering acquisition solutions to 
                meet validated cyber operations-peculiar 
                requirements;
                    (B) subordinate to the defense acquisition 
                executive in matters of acquisition;
                    (C) subject to the same oversight as the 
                service acquisition executives; and
                    (D) included on the distribution list for 
                acquisition directives and instructions of the 
                Department of Defense.
    (c) Acquisition Personnel.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
        provide the United States Cyber Command with the 
        personnel or funding equivalent to ten full-time 
        equivalent personnel to support the Commander in 
        fulfilling the acquisition responsibilities provided 
        for under this section with experience in--
                    (A) program acquisition;
                    (B) the Joint Capabilities Integration and 
                Development System Process;
                    (C) program management;
                    (D) system engineering; and
                    (E) costing.
            (2) Existing personnel.--The personnel provided 
        under this subsection shall be provided from among the 
        existing personnel of the Department of Defense.
    (d) Budget.--In addition to the activities of a combatant 
command for which funding may be requested under section 166 of 
title 10, United States Code, the budget proposal of the United 
States Cyber Command shall include requests for funding for--
            (1) development and acquisition of cyber 
        operations-peculiar equipment; and
            (2) acquisition and sustainment of other 
        capabilities or services that are peculiar to cyber 
        operations activities.
    (e) Cyber Operations Procurement Fund.--In exercising the 
authority granted in subsection (a), the Commander may not 
obligate or expend more than $75,000,000 out of the funds made 
available in each fiscal year from 2016 through 2021 to support 
acquisition activities provided for under this section.
    (f) Rule of Construction Regarding Intelligence and Special 
Activities.--Nothing in this section shall be construed to 
constitute authority to conduct any activity which, if carried 
out as an intelligence activity by the Department of Defense, 
would require a notice to the Select Committee on Intelligence 
of the Senate and the Permanent Select Committee on 
Intelligence of the House of Representatives under title V of 
the National Security Act of 1947 (50 U.S.C. 3091 et seq.).
    (g) Implementation Plan Required.--The authority granted in 
subsection (a) shall become effective 30 days after the date on 
which the Secretary of Defense provides to the congressional 
defense committees a plan for implementation of those 
authorities under subsection (a). The plan shall include the 
following:
            (1) A Department of Defense definition of--
                    (A) cyber operations-peculiar equipment and 
                capabilities; and
                    (B) cyber capability-peculiar equipment, 
                capabilities, and services.
            (2) Summaries of the components to be negotiated in 
        the memorandum of agreements with the military 
        departments and other Department of Defense components 
        to carry out the development, acquisition, and 
        sustainment of equipment, capabilities, and services 
        described in subparagraphs (A) and (B) of subsection 
        (a)(1).
            (3) Memorandum of agreement negotiation and 
        approval timelines.
            (4) Plan for oversight of the command acquisition 
        executive established in subsection (b).
            (5) Assessment of the acquisition workforce needs 
        of the United States Cyber Command to support the 
        authority in subsection (a) until 2021.
            (6) Other matters as appropriate.
    (h) Annual End-of-year Assessment.--Each year, the Cyber 
Investment Management Board shall review and assess the 
acquisition activities of the United States Cyber Command, 
including contracting and acquisition documentation, for the 
previous fiscal year, and provide any recommendations or 
feedback to the acquisition executive of Cyber Command.
    (i) Sunset.--
            (1) In general.--The authority under this section 
        shall terminate on September 30, 2021.
            (2) Limitation on duration of acquisitions.--The 
        authority under this section does not include major 
        defense acquisition programs, major automated 
        information system programs, or acquisitions of 
        foundational infrastructure or software architectures 
        the duration of which is expected to last more than 
        five years.

SEC. 808. REPORT ON LINKING AND STREAMLINING REQUIREMENTS, ACQUISITION, 
                    AND BUDGET PROCESSES WITHIN ARMED FORCES.

    (a) Reports.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Chief of Staff of the Army, the 
Chief of Naval Operations, the Chief of Staff of the Air Force, 
and the Commandant of the Marine Corps shall each submit to the 
congressional defense committees a report on efforts to link 
and streamline the requirements, acquisition, and budget 
processes within the Army, Navy, Air Force, and Marine Corps, 
respectively.
    (b) Matters Included.--Each report under subsection (a) 
shall include the following:
            (1) A specific description of--
                    (A) the management actions the Chief 
                concerned or the Commandant has taken or plans 
                to take to link and streamline the 
                requirements, acquisition, and budget processes 
                of the Armed Force concerned;
                    (B) any reorganization or process changes 
                that will link and streamline the requirements, 
                acquisition, and budget processes of the Armed 
                Force concerned; and
                    (C) any cross-training or professional 
                development initiatives of the Chief concerned 
                or the Commandant.
            (2) For each description under paragraph (1)--
                    (A) the specific timeline associated with 
                implementation;
                    (B) the anticipated outcomes once 
                implemented; and
                    (C) how to measure whether or not those 
                outcomes are realized.
            (3) Any other matters the Chief concerned or the 
        Commandant considers appropriate.

SEC. 809. ADVISORY PANEL ON STREAMLINING AND CODIFYING ACQUISITION 
                    REGULATIONS.

    (a) Establishment.--Not later than 180 days after the date 
of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall 
establish under the sponsorship of the Defense Acquisition 
University and the National Defense University an advisory 
panel on streamlining acquisition regulations.
    (b) Membership.--The panel shall be composed of at least 
nine individuals who are recognized experts in acquisition and 
procurement policy. In making appointments to the advisory 
panel, the Under Secretary shall ensure that the members of the 
panel reflect diverse experiences in the public and private 
sectors.
    (c) Duties.--The panel shall--
            (1) review the acquisition regulations applicable 
        to the Department of Defense with a view toward 
        streamlining and improving the efficiency and 
        effectiveness of the defense acquisition process and 
        maintaining defense technology advantage; and
            (2) make any recommendations for the amendment or 
        repeal of such regulations that the panel considers 
        necessary, as a result of such review, to--
                    (A) establish and administer appropriate 
                buyer and seller relationships in the 
                procurement system;
                    (B) improve the functioning of the 
                acquisition system;
                    (C) ensure the continuing financial and 
                ethical integrity of defense procurement 
                programs;
                    (D) protect the best interests of the 
                Department of Defense; and
                    (E) eliminate any regulations that are 
                unnecessary for the purposes described in 
                subparagraphs (A) through (D).
    (d) Administrative Matters.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
        provide the advisory panel established pursuant to 
        subsection (a) with timely access to appropriate 
        information, data, resources, and analysis so that the 
        advisory panel may conduct a thorough and independent 
        assessment as required under such subsection.
            (2) Inapplicability of faca.--The requirements of 
        the Federal Advisory Committee Act (5 U.S.C. App.) 
        shall not apply to the advisory panel established 
        pursuant to subsection (a).
    (e) Report.--
            (1) Panel report.--Not later than two years after 
        the date on which the Secretary of Defense establishes 
        the advisory panel, the panel shall transmit a final 
        report to the Secretary.
            (2) Elements.--The final report shall contain a 
        detailed statement of the findings and conclusions of 
        the panel, including--
                    (A) a history of each current acquisition 
                regulation and a recommendation as to whether 
                the regulation and related law (if applicable) 
                should be retained, modified, or repealed; and
                    (B) such additional recommendations for 
                legislation as the panel considers appropriate.
            (3) Interim reports.--(A) Not later than 6 months 
        and 18 months after the date of the enactment of this 
        Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit a report to 
        or brief the congressional defense committees on the 
        interim findings of the panel with respect to the 
        elements set forth in paragraph (2).
            (B) The panel shall provide regular updates to the 
        Secretary of Defense for purposes of providing the 
        interim reports required under this paragraph.
            (4) Final report.--Not later than 30 days after 
        receiving the final report of the advisory panel, the 
        Secretary of Defense shall transmit the final report, 
        together with such comments as the Secretary determines 
        appropriate, to the congressional defense committees.
    (f) Defense Acquisition Workforce Development Fund 
Support.--The Secretary of Defense may use amounts available in 
the Department of Defense Acquisition Workforce Development 
Fund established under section 1705 of title 10, United States 
Code, to support activities of the advisory panel under this 
section.

SEC. 810. REVIEW OF TIME-BASED REQUIREMENTS PROCESS AND BUDGETING AND 
                    ACQUISITION SYSTEMS.

    (a) Time-based Requirements Process.--The Secretary of 
Defense and the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff shall 
review the requirements process with the goal of establishing 
an agile and streamlined system that develops requirements that 
provide stability and foundational direction for acquisition 
programs and shall determine the advisability of providing a 
time-based or phased distinction between capabilities needed to 
be deployed urgently, within 2 years, within 5 years, and 
longer than 5 years.
    (b) Budgeting and Acquisition Systems.--The Secretary of 
Defense shall review and ensure that the acquisition and 
budgeting systems are structured to meet time-based or phased 
requirements in a manner that is predictable, cost effective, 
and efficient and takes advantage of emerging technological 
developments.

Subtitle B--Amendments to General Contracting Authorities, Procedures, 
                            and Limitations

SEC. 811. AMENDMENT RELATING TO MULTIYEAR CONTRACT AUTHORITY FOR 
                    ACQUISITION OF PROPERTY.

    Subsection (a)(1) and subsection (i)(4) of section 2306b of 
title 10, United States Code, are each amended by striking 
``substantial'' and inserting ``significant''.

SEC. 812. APPLICABILITY OF COST AND PRICING DATA AND CERTIFICATION 
                    REQUIREMENTS.

    Section 2306a(b)(1) of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended--
            (1) in subparagraph (B), by striking ``; or'' and 
        inserting a semicolon;
            (2) in subparagraph (C), by striking the period at 
        the end and inserting ``; or''; and
            (3) by adding at the end the following new 
        subparagraph:
                    ``(D) to the extent such data--
                            ``(i) relates to an offset 
                        agreement in connection with a contract 
                        for the sale of a weapon system or 
                        defense-related item to a foreign 
                        country or foreign firm; and
                            ``(ii) does not relate to a 
                        contract or subcontract under the 
                        offset agreement for work performed in 
                        such foreign country or by such foreign 
                        firm that is directly related to the 
                        weapon system or defense-related item 
                        being purchased under the contract.''.

SEC. 813. RIGHTS IN TECHNICAL DATA.

    (a) Rights in Technical Data Relating to Major Weapon 
Systems.--Paragraph (2) of section 2321(f) of title 10, United 
States Code, is amended to read as follows:
    ``(2) In the case of a challenge to a use or release 
restriction that is asserted with respect to technical data of 
a contractor or subcontractor for a major system or a subsystem 
or component thereof on the basis that the major weapon system, 
subsystem, or component was developed exclusively at private 
expense--
            ``(A) the presumption in paragraph (1) shall 
        apply--
                    ``(i) with regard to a commercial subsystem 
                or component of a major system, if the major 
                system was acquired as a commercial item in 
                accordance with section 2379(a) of this title;
                    ``(ii) with regard to a component of a 
                subsystem, if the subsystem was acquired as a 
                commercial item in accordance with section 
                2379(b) of this title; and
                    ``(iii) with regard to any other component, 
                if the component is a commercially available 
                off-the-shelf item or a commercially available 
                off-the-shelf item with modifications of a type 
                customarily available in the commercial 
                marketplace or minor modifications made to meet 
                Federal Government requirements; and
            ``(B) in all other cases, the challenge to the use 
        or release restriction shall be sustained unless 
        information provided by the contractor or subcontractor 
        demonstrates that the item was developed exclusively at 
        private expense.''.
    (b) Government-industry Advisory Panel.--
            (1) Establishment.--Not later than 90 days after 
        the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of 
        Defense, acting through the Under Secretary of Defense 
        for Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics, shall 
        establish a Government-industry advisory panel for the 
        purpose of reviewing sections 2320 and 2321 of title 
        10, United States Code, regarding rights in technical 
        data and the validation of proprietary data 
        restrictions and the regulations implementing such 
        sections, for the purpose of ensuring that such 
        statutory and regulatory requirements are best 
        structured to serve the interests of the taxpayers and 
        the national defense.
            (2) Membership.--The panel shall be chaired by an 
        individual selected by the Under Secretary, and the 
        Under Secretary shall ensure that--
                    (A) the government members of the advisory 
                panel are knowledgeable about technical data 
                issues and appropriately represent the three 
                military departments, as well as the legal, 
                acquisition, logistics, and research and 
                development communities in the Department of 
                Defense; and
                    (B) the private sector members of the 
                advisory panel include independent experts and 
                individuals appropriately representative of the 
                diversity of interested parties, including 
                large and small businesses, traditional and 
                non-traditional government contractors, prime 
                contractors and subcontractors, suppliers of 
                hardware and software, and institutions of 
                higher education.
            (3) Scope of review.--In conducting the review 
        required by paragraph (1), the advisory panel shall 
        give appropriate consideration to the following 
        factors:
                    (A) Ensuring that the Department of Defense 
                does not pay more than once for the same work.
                    (B) Ensuring that Department of Defense 
                contractors are appropriately rewarded for 
                their innovation and invention.
                    (C) Providing for cost-effective 
                reprocurement, sustainment, modification, and 
                upgrades to Department of Defense systems.
                    (D) Encouraging the private sector to 
                invest in new products, technologies, and 
                processes relevant to the missions of the 
                Department of Defense.
                    (E) Ensuring that the Department of Defense 
                has appropriate access to innovative products, 
                technologies, and processes developed by the 
                private sector for commercial use.
            (4) Final report.--Not later than September 30, 
        2016, the advisory panel shall submit its final report 
        and recommendations to the Secretary of Defense. Not 
        later than 60 days after receiving the report, the 
        Secretary shall submit a copy of the report, together 
        with any comments or recommendations, to the 
        congressional defense committees.

SEC. 814. PROCUREMENT OF SUPPLIES FOR EXPERIMENTAL PURPOSES.

    (a) Additional Procurement Authority.--Subsection (a) of 
section 2373 of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
inserting ``transportation, energy, medical, space-flight,'' 
before ``and aeronautical supplies''.
    (b) Applicability of Chapter 137 of Title 10, United States 
Code.--Subsection (b) of such section is amended by striking 
``only when such purchases are made in quantity'' and inserting 
``only when such purchases are made in quantities greater than 
necessary for experimentation, technical evaluation, assessment 
of operational utility, or safety or to provide a residual 
operational capability''.

SEC. 815. AMENDMENTS TO OTHER TRANSACTION AUTHORITY.

    (a) Authority of the Department of Defense To Carry Out 
Certain Prototype Projects.--
            (1) In general.--Chapter 139 of title 10, United 
        States Code, is amended by inserting after section 
        2371a the following new section:

``Sec. 2371b. Authority of the Department of Defense to carry out 
                    certain prototype projects

    ``(a) Authority.--(1) Subject to paragraph (2), the 
Director of the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency, the 
Secretary of a military department, or any other official 
designated by the Secretary of Defense may, under the authority 
of section 2371 of this title, carry out prototype projects 
that are directly relevant to enhancing the mission 
effectiveness of military personnel and the supporting 
platforms, systems, components, or materials proposed to be 
acquired or developed by the Department of Defense, or to 
improvement of platforms, systems, components, or materials in 
use by the armed forces.
    ``(2) The authority of this section--
            ``(A) may be exercised for a prototype project that 
        is expected to cost the Department of Defense in excess 
        of $50,000,000 but not in excess of $250,000,000 
        (including all options) only upon a written 
        determination by the senior procurement executive for 
        the agency as designated for the purpose of section 
        1702(c) of title 41, or, for the Defense Advanced 
        Research Projects Agency or the Missile Defense Agency, 
        the director of the agency that--
                    ``(i) the requirements of subsection (d) 
                will be met; and
                    ``(ii) the use of the authority of this 
                section is essential to promoting the success 
                of the prototype project; and
            ``(B) may be exercised for a prototype project that 
        is expected to cost the Department of Defense in excess 
        of $250,000,000 (including all options) only if--
                    ``(i) the Under Secretary of Defense for 
                Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics 
                determines in writing that--
                            ``(I) the requirements of 
                        subsection (d) will be met; and
                            ``(II) the use of the authority of 
                        this section is essential to meet 
                        critical national security objectives; 
                        and
                    ``(ii) the congressional defense committees 
                are notified in writing at least 30 days before 
                such authority is exercised.
    ``(3) The authority of a senior procurement executive or 
director of the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency or 
Missile Defense Agency under paragraph (2)(A), and the 
authority of the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, 
Technology, and Logistics under paragraph (2)(B), may not be 
delegated.
    ``(b) Exercise of Authority.--
            ``(1) Subsections (e)(1)(B) and (e)(2) of such 
        section 2371 shall not apply to projects carried out 
        under subsection (a).
            ``(2) To the maximum extent practicable, 
        competitive procedures shall be used when entering into 
        agreements to carry out projects under subsection (a).
    ``(c) Comptroller General Access to Information.--(1) Each 
agreement entered into by an official referred to in subsection 
(a) to carry out a project under that subsection that provides 
for payments in a total amount in excess of $5,000,000 shall 
include a clause that provides for the Comptroller General, in 
the discretion of the Comptroller General, to examine the 
records of any party to the agreement or any entity that 
participates in the performance of the agreement.
    ``(2) The requirement in paragraph (1) shall not apply with 
respect to a party or entity, or a subordinate element of a 
party or entity, that has not entered into any other agreement 
that provides for audit access by a Government entity in the 
year prior to the date of the agreement.
    ``(3)(A) The right provided to the Comptroller General in a 
clause of an agreement under paragraph (1) is limited as 
provided in subparagraph (B) in the case of a party to the 
agreement, an entity that participates in the performance of 
the agreement, or a subordinate element of that party or entity 
if the only agreements or other transactions that the party, 
entity, or subordinate element entered into with Government 
entities in the year prior to the date of that agreement are 
cooperative agreements or transactions that were entered into 
under this section or section 2371 of this title.
    ``(B) The only records of a party, other entity, or 
subordinate element referred to in subparagraph (A) that the 
Comptroller General may examine in the exercise of the right 
referred to in that subparagraph are records of the same type 
as the records that the Government has had the right to examine 
under the audit access clauses of the previous agreements or 
transactions referred to in such subparagraph that were entered 
into by that particular party, entity, or subordinate element.
    ``(4) The head of the contracting activity that is carrying 
out the agreement may waive the applicability of the 
requirement in paragraph (1) to the agreement if the head of 
the contracting activity determines that it would not be in the 
public interest to apply the requirement to the agreement. The 
waiver shall be effective with respect to the agreement only if 
the head of the contracting activity transmits a notification 
of the waiver to Congress and the Comptroller General before 
entering into the agreement. The notification shall include the 
rationale for the determination.
    ``(5) The Comptroller General may not examine records 
pursuant to a clause included in an agreement under paragraph 
(1) more than three years after the final payment is made by 
the United States under the agreement.
    ``(d) Appropriate Use of Authority.--(1) The Secretary of 
Defense shall ensure that no official of an agency enters into 
a transaction (other than a contract, grant, or cooperative 
agreement) for a prototype project under the authority of this 
section unless one of the following conditions is met:
            ``(A) There is at least one nontraditional defense 
        contractor participating to a significant extent in the 
        prototype project.
            ``(B) All significant participants in the 
        transaction other than the Federal Government are small 
        businesses or nontraditional defense contractors.
            ``(C) At least one third of the total cost of the 
        prototype project is to be paid out of funds provided 
        by parties to the transaction other than the Federal 
        Government.
            ``(D) The senior procurement executive for the 
        agency determines in writing that exceptional 
        circumstances justify the use of a transaction that 
        provides for innovative business arrangements or 
        structures that would not be feasible or appropriate 
        under a contract, or would provide an opportunity to 
        expand the defense supply base in a manner that would 
        not be practical or feasible under a contract.
    ``(2)(A) Except as provided in subparagraph (B), the 
amounts counted for the purposes of this subsection as being 
provided, or to be provided, by a party to a transaction with 
respect to a prototype project that is entered into under this 
section other than the Federal Government do not include costs 
that were incurred before the date on which the transaction 
becomes effective.
    ``(B) Costs that were incurred for a prototype project by a 
party after the beginning of negotiations resulting in a 
transaction (other than a contract, grant, or cooperative 
agreement) with respect to the project before the date on which 
the transaction becomes effective may be counted for purposes 
of this subsection as being provided, or to be provided, by the 
party to the transaction if and to the extent that the official 
responsible for entering into the transaction determines in 
writing that--
            ``(i) the party incurred the costs in anticipation 
        of entering into the transaction; and
            ``(ii) it was appropriate for the party to incur 
        the costs before the transaction became effective in 
        order to ensure the successful implementation of the 
        transaction.
    ``(e) Definitions.--In this section:
            ``(1) The term `nontraditional defense contractor' 
        has the meaning given the term under section 2302(9) of 
        this title.
            ``(2) The term `small business' means a small 
        business concern as defined under section 3 of the 
        Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 632).
    ``(f) Follow-on Production Contracts or Transactions.--(1) 
A transaction entered into under this section for a prototype 
project may provide for the award of a follow-on production 
contract or transaction to the participants in the transaction.
    ``(2) A follow-on production contract or transaction 
provided for in a transaction under paragraph (1) may be 
awarded to the participants in the transaction without the use 
of competitive procedures, notwithstanding the requirements of 
section 2304 of this title, if--
            ``(A) competitive procedures were used for the 
        selection of parties for participation in the 
        transaction; and
            ``(B) the participants in the transaction 
        successfully completed the prototype project provided 
        for in the transaction.
    ``(3) Contracts and transactions entered into pursuant to 
this subsection may be awarded using the authority in 
subsection (a), under the authority of chapter 137 of this 
title, or under such procedures, terms, and conditions as the 
Secretary of Defense may establish by regulation.
    ``(g) Authority To Provide Prototypes and Follow-on 
Production Items as Government-furnished Equipment.--An 
agreement entered into pursuant to the authority of subsection 
(a) or a follow-on contract or transaction entered into 
pursuant to the authority of subsection (f) may provide for 
prototypes or follow-on production items to be provided to 
another contractor as Government-furnished equipment.
    ``(h) Applicability of Procurement Ethics Requirements.--An 
agreement entered into under the authority of this section 
shall be treated as a Federal agency procurement for the 
purposes of chapter 21 of title 41.''.
            (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at 
        the beginning of chapter 139 of such title is amended 
        by inserting after the item relating to section 2371a 
        the following new item:

``2371b. Authority of the Department of Defense to carry out certain 
          prototype projects.''.
    (b) Modification to Definition of Nontraditional Defense 
Contractor.--Section 2302(9) of such title is amended to read 
as follows:
            ``(9) The term `nontraditional defense contractor', 
        with respect to a procurement or with respect to a 
        transaction authorized under section 2371(a) or 2371b 
        of this title, means an entity that is not currently 
        performing and has not performed, for at least the one-
        year period preceding the solicitation of sources by 
        the Department of Defense for the procurement or 
        transaction, any contract or subcontract for the 
        Department of Defense that is subject to full coverage 
        under the cost accounting standards prescribed pursuant 
        to section 1502 of title 41 and the regulations 
        implementing such section.''.
    (c) Repeal of Obsolete Authority.--Section 845 of the 
National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1994 (Public 
Law 103-160; 10 U.S.C. 2371 note) is hereby repealed. 
Transactions entered into under the authority of such section 
845 shall remain in force and effect and shall be modified as 
appropriate to reflect the amendments made by this section.
    (d) Technical and Conforming Amendment.--Subparagraph (B) 
of section 1601(c)(1) of the National Defense Authorization Act 
for Fiscal Year 2004 (Public Law 108-136; 10 U.S.C. 2358 note) 
is amended to read as follows:
            ``(B) sections 2371 and 2371b of title 10, United 
        States Code.''.
    (e) Updated Guidance.--Not later than 180 days after the 
date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense 
shall issue updated guidance to implement the amendments made 
by this section.
    (f) Assessment Required.--Not later than 180 days after the 
date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense 
shall submit to the congressional defense committees an 
assessment of--
            (1) the benefits and risks of permitting not-for-
        profit defense contractors to be awarded transaction 
        agreements under section 2371b of title 10, United 
        States Code, for the purposes of cost-sharing 
        requirements of subsection (d)(1)(C) of such section; 
        and
            (2) the benefits and risks of removing the cost-
        sharing requirements of subsection (d)(1)(C) of such 
        section in their entirety.

SEC. 816. AMENDMENT TO ACQUISITION THRESHOLD FOR SPECIAL EMERGENCY 
                    PROCUREMENT AUTHORITY.

    Section 1903(b)(2) of title 41, United States Code, is 
amended--
            (1) in subparagraph (A), by striking ``$250,000'' 
        and inserting ``$750,000''; and
            (2) in subparagraph (B), by striking ``$1,000,000'' 
        and inserting ``$1,500,000''.

SEC. 817. REVISION OF METHOD OF ROUNDING WHEN MAKING INFLATION 
                    ADJUSTMENT OF ACQUISITION-RELATED DOLLAR 
                    THRESHOLDS.

    Section 1908(e)(2) of title 41, United States Code, is 
amended--
            (1) in the matter preceding subparagraph (A), by 
        striking ``on the day before the adjustment'' and 
        inserting ``as calculated under paragraph (1)'';
            (2) by striking ``and'' at the end of subparagraph 
        (C); and
            (3) by striking subparagraph (D) and inserting the 
        following new subparagraphs:
                    ``(D) not less than $1,000,000, but less 
                than $10,000,000, to the nearest $500,000;
                    ``(E) not less than $10,000,000, but less 
                than $100,000,000, to the nearest $5,000,000;
                    ``(F) not less than $100,000,000, but less 
                than $1,000,000,000, to the nearest 
                $50,000,000; and
                    ``(G) $1,000,000,000 or more, to the 
                nearest $500,000,000.''.

  Subtitle C--Provisions Related to Major Defense Acquisition Programs

SEC. 821. ACQUISITION STRATEGY REQUIRED FOR EACH MAJOR DEFENSE 
                    ACQUISITION PROGRAM, MAJOR AUTOMATED INFORMATION 
                    SYSTEM, AND MAJOR SYSTEM.

    (a) Consolidation of Requirements Relating to Acquisition 
Strategy.--
            (1) New title 10 section.--Chapter 144 of title 10, 
        United States Code, is amended by inserting after 
        section 2431 the following new section:

``Sec. 2431a. Acquisition strategy

    ``(a) Acquisition Strategy Required.--There shall be an 
acquisition strategy for each major defense acquisition 
program, each major automated information system, and each 
major system approved by a milestone decision authority.
    ``(b) Responsible Official.--For each acquisition strategy 
required by subsection (a), the Under Secretary of Defense for 
Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics is responsible for 
issuing and maintaining the requirements for--
            ``(1) the content of the strategy; and
            ``(2) the review and approval process for the 
        strategy.
    ``(c) Considerations.--(1) In issuing requirements for the 
content of an acquisition strategy for a major defense 
acquisition program, major automated information system, or 
major system, the Under Secretary shall ensure that--
            ``(A) the strategy clearly describes the proposed 
        top-level business and technical management approach 
        for the program or system, in sufficient detail to 
        allow the milestone decision authority to assess the 
        viability of the proposed approach, the method of 
        implementing laws and policies, and program objectives;
            ``(B) the strategy contains a clear explanation of 
        how the strategy is designed to be implemented with 
        available resources, such as time, funding, and 
        management capacity;
            ``(C) the strategy is tailored to address program 
        requirements and constraints; and
            ``(D) the strategy considers the items listed in 
        paragraph (2).
    ``(2) Each strategy shall, where appropriate, consider the 
following:
            ``(A) An approach that delivers required capability 
        in increments, each depending on available mature 
        technology, and that recognizes up front the need for 
        future capability improvements.
            ``(B) Acquisition approach, including industrial 
        base considerations in accordance with section 2440 of 
        this title.
            ``(C) Risk management, including such methods as 
        competitive prototyping at the system, subsystem, or 
        component level, in accordance with section 2431b of 
        this title.
            ``(D) Business strategy, including measures to 
        ensure competition at the system and subsystem level 
        throughout the life-cycle of the program or system in 
        accordance with section 2337 of this title.
            ``(E) Contracting strategy, including--
                    ``(i) contract type and how the type 
                selected relates to level of program risk in 
                each acquisition phase;
                    ``(ii) how the plans for the program or 
                system to reduce risk enable the use of fixed-
                price elements in subsequent contracts and the 
                timing of the use of those fixed price 
                elements;
                    ``(iii) market research; and
                    ``(iv) consideration of small business 
                participation.
            ``(F) Intellectual property strategy in accordance 
        with section 2320 of this title.
            ``(G) International involvement, including foreign 
        military sales and cooperative opportunities, in 
        accordance with section 2350a of this title.
            ``(H) Multiyear procurement in accordance with 
        section 2306b of this title.
            ``(I) Integration of current intelligence 
        assessments into the acquisition process.
            ``(J) Requirements related to logistics, 
        maintenance, and sustainment in accordance with 
        sections 2464 and 2466 of this title.
    ``(d) Review.--(1) Subject to the authority, direction, and 
control of the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, 
Technology, and Logistics, the milestone decision authority 
shall review and approve, as appropriate, the acquisition 
strategy for a major defense acquisition program, major 
automated information system, or major system at each of the 
following times:
                    ``(A) Milestone A approval.
                    ``(B) The decision to release the request 
                for proposals for development of the program or 
                system.
                    ``(C) Milestone B approval.
                    ``(D) Each subsequent milestone.
                    ``(E) Review of any decision to enter into 
                full-rate production.
                    ``(F) When there has been--
                            ``(i) a significant change to the 
                        cost of the program or system;
                            ``(ii) a critical change to the 
                        cost of the program or system;
                            ``(iii) a significant change to the 
                        schedule of the program or system; or
                            ``(iv) a significant change to the 
                        performance of the program or system.
                    ``(G) Any other time considered relevant by 
                the milestone decision authority.
    ``(2) If the milestone decision authority revises an 
acquisition strategy for a program or system, the milestone 
decision authority shall provide notice of the revision to the 
congressional defense committees.
    ``(e) Definitions.--In this section:
            ``(1) The term `major defense acquisition program' 
        has the meaning provided in section 2430 of this title.
            ``(2) The term `major system' has the meaning 
        provided in section 2302(5) of this title.
            ``(3) The term `Milestone A approval' means a 
        decision to enter into technology maturation and risk 
        reduction pursuant to guidance prescribed by the 
        Secretary of Defense for the management of Department 
        of Defense acquisition programs.
            ``(4) The term `Milestone B approval' has the 
        meaning provided in section 2366(e)(7) of this title.
            ``(5) The term `milestone decision authority', with 
        respect to a major defense acquisition program, major 
        automated information system, or major system, means 
        the official within the Department of Defense 
        designated with the overall responsibility and 
        authority for acquisition decisions for the program or 
        system, including authority to approve entry of the 
        program or system into the next phase of the 
        acquisition process.
            ``(6) The term `management capacity', with respect 
        to a major defense acquisition program, major automated 
        information system, or major system, means the capacity 
        to manage the program or system through the use of 
        highly qualified organizations and personnel with 
        appropriate experience, knowledge, and skills.
            ``(7) The term `significant change to the cost', 
        with respect to a major defense acquisition program or 
        major system, means a significant cost growth 
        threshold, as that term is defined in section 
        2433(a)(4) of this title.
            ``(8) The term `critical change to the cost', with 
        respect to a major defense acquisition program or major 
        system, means a critical cost growth threshold, as that 
        term is defined in section 2433(a)(5) of this title.
            ``(9) The term `significant change to the 
        schedule', with respect to a major defense acquisition 
        program, major automated information system, or major 
        system, means any schedule delay greater than six 
        months in a reported event.''.
            (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at 
        the beginning of such chapter is amended by inserting 
        after the item relating to section 2431 the following 
        new item:

``2431a. Acquisition strategy.''.
    (b)  Additional Amendments.--
            (1) Section 2350a(e) of such title is amended--
                    (A) in the subsection heading, by striking 
                ``Document'';
                    (B) in paragraph (1), by striking ``the 
                Under Secretary of Defense for'' and all that 
                follows through ``of the Board'' and inserting 
                ``opportunities for such cooperative research 
                and development shall be addressed in the 
                acquisition strategy for the project''; and
                    (C) in paragraph (2)--
                            (i) in the matter preceding 
                        subparagraph (A)--
                                    (I) by striking 
                                ``document'' and inserting 
                                ``discussion''; and
                                    (II) by striking 
                                ``include'' and inserting 
                                ``consider'';
                            (ii) in subparagraph (A), by 
                        striking ``A statement indicating 
                        whether'' and inserting ``Whether'';
                            (iii) in subparagraph (B)--
                                    (I) by striking ``by the 
                                Under Secretary of Defense for 
                                Acquisition, Technology, and 
                                Logistics''; and
                                    (II) by striking ``of the 
                                United States under 
                                consideration by the Department 
                                of Defense''; and
                            (iv) in subparagraph (D), by 
                        striking ``The recommendation of the 
                        Under Secretary'' and inserting ``A 
                        recommendation to the milestone 
                        decision authority''.
            (2) Section 803 of the Bob Stump National Defense 
        Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2003 (Public Law 107-
        314; 10 U.S.C. 2430 note) is repealed.

SEC. 822. REVISION TO REQUIREMENTS RELATING TO RISK MANAGEMENT IN 
                    DEVELOPMENT OF MAJOR DEFENSE ACQUISITION PROGRAMS 
                    AND MAJOR SYSTEMS.

    (a) Risk Management and Mitigation Requirements.--
            (1) In general.--Chapter 144 of title 10, United 
        States Code, is amended by inserting after section 
        2431a (as added by section 821) the following new 
        section:

``Sec. 2431b. Risk management and mitigation in major defense 
                    acquisition programs and major systems

    ``(a) Requirement.--The Secretary of Defense shall ensure 
that the initial acquisition strategy (required under section 
2431a of this title) approved by the milestone decision 
authority and any subsequent revisions include the following:
            ``(1) A comprehensive approach for managing and 
        mitigating risk (including technical, cost, and 
        schedule risk) during each of the following periods or 
        when determined appropriate by the milestone decision 
        authority:
                    ``(A) The period preceding engineering 
                manufacturing development, or its equivalent.
                    ``(B) The period preceding initial 
                production.
                    ``(C) The period preceding full-rate 
                production.
            ``(2) An identification of the major sources of 
        risk in each of the periods listed in paragraph (1) to 
        improve programmatic decisionmaking and appropriately 
        minimize and manage program concurrency.
    ``(b) Approach to Manage and Mitigate Risks.--The 
comprehensive approach to manage and mitigate risk included in 
the acquisition strategy for purposes of subsection (a)(1) 
shall, at a minimum, include consideration of risk mitigation 
techniques such as the following:
            ``(1) Prototyping (including prototyping at the 
        system, subsystem, or component level and competitive 
        prototyping, where appropriate) and, if prototyping at 
        either the system, subsystem, or component level is not 
        used, an explanation of why it is not appropriate.
            ``(2) Modeling and simulation, the areas that 
        modeling and simulation will assess, and identification 
        of the need for development of any new modeling and 
        simulation tools in order to support the comprehensive 
        strategy.
            ``(3) Technology demonstrations and decision points 
        for disciplined transition of planned technologies into 
        programs or the selection of alternative technologies.
            ``(4) Multiple design approaches.
            ``(5) Alternative designs, including any designs 
        that meet requirements but do so with reduced 
        performance.
            ``(6) Phasing of program activities or related 
        technology development efforts in order to address 
        high-risk areas as early as feasible.
            ``(7) Manufacturability and industrial base 
        availability.
            ``(8) Independent risk element assessments by 
        outside subject matter experts.
            ``(9) Schedule and funding margins for identified 
        risks.
    ``(c) Preference for Prototyping.--To the maximum extent 
practicable and consistent with the economical use of available 
financial resources, the milestone decision authority for each 
major defense acquisition program shall ensure that the 
acquisition strategy for the program provides for--
            ``(1) the production of competitive prototypes at 
        the system or subsystem level before Milestone B 
        approval; or
            ``(2) if the production of competitive prototypes 
        is not practicable, the production of single prototypes 
        at the system or subsystem level.
    ``(d) Definitions.--In this section, the terms `major 
defense acquisition program' and `major system' have the 
meanings provided in section 2431a of this title.''.
            (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at 
        the beginning of such chapter is amended by inserting 
        after the item relating to section 2431a, as so added, 
        the following new item:

``2431b. Risk reduction in major defense acquisition programs and major 
          systems.''.
    (b) Repeal of Superseded Provision.--Section 203 of the 
Weapon Systems Acquisition Reform Act of 2009 (10 U.S.C. 2430 
note) is repealed.

SEC. 823. REVISION OF MILESTONE A DECISION AUTHORITY RESPONSIBILITIES 
                    FOR MAJOR DEFENSE ACQUISITION PROGRAMS.

    (a) Revision to Milestone a Requirements.--Section 2366a of 
title 10, United States Code, is amended to read as follows:

``Sec. 2366a. Major defense acquisition programs: determination 
                    required before Milestone A approval

    ``(a) Responsibilities.--Before granting Milestone A 
approval for a major defense acquisition program or a major 
subprogram, the milestone decision authority for the program or 
subprogram shall ensure that--
            ``(1) information about the program or subprogram 
        is sufficient to warrant entry of the program or 
        subprogram into the risk reduction phase;
            ``(2) the Secretary of the military department 
        concerned and the Chief of the armed force concerned 
        concur in the cost, schedule, technical feasibility, 
        and performance trade-offs that have been made with 
        regard to the program; and
            ``(3) there are sound plans for progression of the 
        program or subprogram to the development phase.
    ``(b) Written Determination Required.--A major defense 
acquisition program or subprogram may not receive Milestone A 
approval or otherwise be initiated prior to Milestone B 
approval until the milestone decision authority determines in 
writing, after consultation with the Joint Requirements 
Oversight Council on matters related to program requirements 
and military needs--
            ``(1) that the program fulfills an approved initial 
        capabilities document;
            ``(2) that the program has been developed in light 
        of appropriate market research;
            ``(3) if the program duplicates a capability 
        already provided by an existing system, the duplication 
        provided by such program is necessary and appropriate;
            ``(4) that, with respect to any identified areas of 
        risk, there is a plan to reduce the risk;
            ``(5) that planning for sustainment has been 
        addressed and that a determination of applicability of 
        core logistics capabilities requirements has been made;
            ``(6) that an analysis of alternatives has been 
        performed consistent with study guidance developed by 
        the Director of Cost Assessment and Program Evaluation;
            ``(7) that a cost estimate for the program has been 
        submitted, with the concurrence of the Director of Cost 
        Assessment and Program Evaluation, and that the level 
        of resources required to develop, procure, and sustain 
        the program is sufficient for successful program 
        execution; and
            ``(8) that the program or subprogram meets any 
        other considerations the milestone decision authority 
        considers relevant.
    ``(c) Submission to Congress.--At the request of any of the 
congressional defense committees, the Secretary of Defense 
shall submit to the committee an explanation of the basis for a 
determination made under subsection (b) with respect to a major 
defense acquisition program, together with a copy of the 
written determination. The explanation shall be submitted in 
unclassified form, but may include a classified annex.
    ``(d) Definitions.--In this section:
            ``(1) The term `major defense acquisition program' 
        has the meaning provided in section 2430 of this title.
            ``(2) The term `initial capabilities document' 
        means any capabilities requirement document approved by 
        the Joint Requirements Oversight Council that 
        establishes the need for a materiel approach to resolve 
        a capability gap.
            ``(3) The term `Milestone A approval' means a 
        decision to enter into technology maturation and risk 
        reduction pursuant to guidance prescribed by the 
        Secretary of Defense for the management of Department 
        of Defense acquisition programs.
            ``(4) The term `Milestone B approval' has the 
        meaning provided that term in section 2366(e)(7) of 
        this title.
            ``(5) The term `core logistics capabilities' means 
        the core logistics capabilities identified under 
        section 2464(a) of this title.
            ``(6) the term `major subprogram' means a major 
        subprogram of a major defense acquisition program 
        designated under section 2430a(a)(1) of this title.
            ``(7) The term `milestone decision authority', with 
        respect to a major defense acquisition program or a 
        major subprogram, means the official within the 
        Department of Defense designated with the overall 
        responsibility and authority for acquisition decisions 
        for the program or subprogram, including authority to 
        approve entry of the program or subprogram into the 
        next phase of the acquisition process.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the 
beginning of chapter 139 of such title is amended by striking 
the item relating to section 2366a and inserting the following:

``2366a. Major defense acquisition programs: determination required 
          before Milestone A approval.''.

SEC. 824. REVISION OF MILESTONE B DECISION AUTHORITY RESPONSIBILITIES 
                    FOR MAJOR DEFENSE ACQUISITION PROGRAMS.

    (a) Revision to Milestone B Requirements.--Section 2366b of 
title 10, United Stated Code, is amended to read as follows:

``Sec. 2366b. Major defense acquisition programs: certification 
                    required before Milestone B approval

    ``(a) Certifications and Determination Required.--A major 
defense acquisition program may not receive Milestone B 
approval until the milestone decision authority--
            ``(1) has received a preliminary design review and 
        conducted a formal post-preliminary design review 
        assessment, and certifies on the basis of such 
        assessment that the program demonstrates a high 
        likelihood of accomplishing its intended mission;
            ``(2) further certifies that the technology in the 
        program has been demonstrated in a relevant 
        environment, as determined by the milestone decision 
        authority on the basis of an independent review and 
        assessment by the Assistant Secretary of Defense for 
        Research and Engineering, in consultation with the 
        Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense for Developmental 
        Test and Evaluation;
            ``(3) determines in writing that--
                    ``(A) the program is affordable when 
                considering the ability of the Department of 
                Defense to accomplish the program's mission 
                using alternative systems;
                    ``(B) appropriate trade-offs among cost, 
                schedule, technical feasibility, and 
                performance objectives have been made to ensure 
                that the program is affordable when considering 
                the per unit cost and the total acquisition 
                cost in the context of the total resources 
                available during the period covered by the 
                future-years defense program submitted during 
                the fiscal year in which the certification is 
                made;
                    ``(C) reasonable cost and schedule 
                estimates have been developed to execute, with 
                the concurrence of the Director of Cost 
                Assessment and Program Evaluation, the product 
                development and production plan under the 
                program; and
                    ``(D) funding is available to execute the 
                product development and production plan under 
                the program, through the period covered by the 
                future-years defense program submitted during 
                the fiscal year in which the certification is 
                made, consistent with the estimates described 
                in subparagraph (C) for the program;
                    ``(E) appropriate market research has been 
                conducted prior to technology development to 
                reduce duplication of existing technology and 
                products;
                    ``(F) the Department of Defense has 
                completed an analysis of alternatives with 
                respect to the program;
                    ``(G) the Joint Requirements Oversight 
                Council has accomplished its duties with 
                respect to the program pursuant to section 
                181(b) of this title, including an analysis of 
                the operational requirements for the program;
                    ``(H) life-cycle sustainment planning, 
                including corrosion prevention and mitigation 
                planning, has identified and evaluated relevant 
                sustainment costs throughout development, 
                production, operation, sustainment, and 
                disposal of the program, and any alternatives, 
                and that such costs are reasonable and have 
                been accurately estimated;
                    ``(I) an estimate has been made of the 
                requirements for core logistics capabilities 
                and the associated sustaining workloads 
                required to support such requirements;
                    ``(J) there is a plan to mitigate and 
                account for any costs in connection with any 
                anticipated de-certification of cryptographic 
                systems and components during the production 
                and procurement of the major defense 
                acquisition program to be acquired;
                    ``(K) the program complies with all 
                relevant policies, regulations, and directives 
                of the Department of Defense; and
                    ``(L) the Secretary of the military 
                department concerned and the Chief of the armed 
                force concerned concur in the trade-offs made 
                in accordance with subparagraph (B); and
            ``(4) in the case of a space system, performs a 
        cost benefit analysis for any new or follow-on 
        satellite system using a dedicated ground control 
        system instead of a shared ground control system, 
        except that no cost benefit analysis is required to be 
        performed under this paragraph for any Milestone B 
        approval of a space system after December 31, 2019.
    ``(b) Changes to Certifications or Determination.--(1) The 
program manager for a major defense acquisition program that 
has received certifications or a determination under subsection 
(a) shall immediately notify the milestone decision authority 
of any changes to the program or a designated major subprogram 
of such program that--
            ``(A) alter the substantive basis for the 
        certifications or determination of the milestone 
        decision authority relating to any component of such 
        certifications or determination specified in paragraph 
        (1), (2), or (3) of subsection (a); or
            ``(B) otherwise cause the program or subprogram to 
        deviate significantly from the material provided to the 
        milestone decision authority in support of such 
        certifications or determination.
    ``(2) Upon receipt of information under paragraph (1), the 
milestone decision authority may withdraw the certifications or 
determination concerned or rescind Milestone B approval if the 
milestone decision authority determines that such 
certifications, determination, or approval are no longer valid.
    ``(c) Submission to Congress.--(1) The certifications and 
determination under subsection (a) with respect to a major 
defense acquisition program shall be submitted to the 
congressional defense committees with the first Selected 
Acquisition Report submitted under section 2432 of this title 
after completion of the certification.
    ``(2) The milestone decision authority shall retain records 
of the basis for the certifications and determination under 
paragraphs (1), (2), and (3) of subsection (a).
    ``(3) At the request of any of the congressional defense 
committees, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
committee an explanation of the basis for the certifications 
and determination under paragraphs (1), (2), and (3) of 
subsection (a) with respect to a major defense acquisition 
program. The explanation shall be submitted in unclassified 
form, but may include a classified annex.
    ``(d) Waiver for National Security.--(1) The milestone 
decision authority may, at the time of Milestone B approval or 
at the time that such milestone decision authority withdraws a 
certification or rescinds Milestone B approval pursuant to 
subsection (b)(2), waive the applicability to a major defense 
acquisition program of one or more components (as specified in 
paragraph (1), (2), or (3) of subsection (a)) of the 
certification and determination requirements if the milestone 
decision authority determines that, but for such a waiver, the 
Department would be unable to meet critical national security 
objectives.
    ``(2) Whenever the milestone decision authority makes such 
a determination and authorizes such a waiver--
            ``(A) the waiver, the waiver determination, and the 
        reasons for the waiver determination shall be submitted 
        in writing to the congressional defense committees 
        within 30 days after the waiver is authorized; and
            ``(B) the milestone decision authority shall review 
        the program not less often than annually to determine 
        the extent to which such program currently satisfies 
        the certification and determination components 
        specified in paragraphs (1), (2), and (3) of subsection 
        (a) until such time as the milestone decision authority 
        determines that the program satisfies all such 
        certification and determination components.
    ``(3) The requirement in paragraph (2)(B) shall not apply 
to a program for which a certification was required pursuant to 
section 2433a(c) of this title if the milestone decision 
authority--
            ``(A) determines in writing that--
                    ``(i) the program has reached a stage in 
                the acquisition process at which it would not 
                be practicable to meet the certification 
                component that was waived; and
                    ``(ii) the milestone decision authority has 
                taken appropriate alternative actions to 
                address the underlying purposes of such 
                certification component; and
            ``(B) submits the written determination, and an 
        explanation of the basis for the determination, to the 
        congressional defense committees.
    ``(e) Designation of Certification Status in Budget 
Documentation.--Any budget request, budget justification 
material, budget display, reprogramming request, Selected 
Acquisition Report, or other budget documentation or 
performance report submitted by the Secretary of Defense to the 
President regarding a major defense acquisition program 
receiving a waiver pursuant to subsection (d) shall prominently 
and clearly indicate that such program has not fully satisfied 
the certification requirements of this section until such time 
as the milestone decision authority makes the determination 
that such program has satisfied all such certification 
requirements.
    ``(f) Nondelegation.--The milestone decision authority may 
not delegate the certification requirement under subsection (a) 
or the authority to waive any component of such requirement 
under subsection (d).
    ``(g) Definitions.--In this section:
            ``(1) The term `major defense acquisition program' 
        means a Department of Defense acquisition program that 
        is a major defense acquisition program for purposes of 
        section 2430 of this title.
            ``(2) The term `designated major subprogram' means 
        a major subprogram of a major defense acquisition 
        program designated under section 2430a(a)(1) of this 
        title.
            ``(3) The term `milestone decision authority', with 
        respect to a major defense acquisition program, means 
        the official within the Department of Defense 
        designated with the overall responsibility and 
        authority for acquisition decisions for the program, 
        including authority to approve entry of the program 
        into the next phase of the acquisition process.
            ``(4) The term `Milestone B approval' has the 
        meaning provided that term in section 2366(e)(7) of 
        this title.
            ``(5) The term `core logistics capabilities' means 
        the core logistics capabilities identified under 
        section 2464(a) of this title.''.
    (b) Conforming Amendment.--Section 2334(a) of title 10, 
United States Code, is amended in paragraph (6)(A)(i) by 
striking ``any certification under'' and inserting ``any 
decision to grant milestone approval pursuant to''.

SEC. 825. DESIGNATION OF MILESTONE DECISION AUTHORITY.

    (a) In General.--Section 2430 of title 10, United States 
Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new 
subsection:
    ``(d)(1) The milestone decision authority for a major 
defense acquisition program reaching Milestone A after October 
1, 2016, shall be the service acquisition executive of the 
military department that is managing the program, unless the 
Secretary of Defense designates, under paragraph (2), another 
official to serve as the milestone decision authority.
    ``(2) The Secretary of Defense may designate an alternate 
milestone decision authority for a program with respect to 
which--
            ``(A) the Secretary determines that the program is 
        addressing a joint requirement;
            ``(B) the Secretary determines that the program is 
        best managed by a Defense Agency;
            ``(C) the program has incurred a unit cost increase 
        greater than the significant cost threshold or critical 
        cost threshold under section 2433 of this title;
            ``(D) the program is critical to a major 
        interagency requirement or technology development 
        effort, or has significant international partner 
        involvement; or
            ``(E) the Secretary determines that an alternate 
        official serving as the milestone decision authority 
        will best provide for the program to achieve desired 
        cost, schedule, and performance outcomes.
    ``(3)(A) After designating an alternate milestone decision 
authority under paragraph (2) for a program, the Secretary of 
Defense may revert the position of milestone decision authority 
for the program back to the service acquisition executive upon 
request of the Secretary of the military department concerned. 
A decision on the request shall be made within 180 days after 
receipt of the request from the Secretary of the military 
department concerned.
    ``(B) If the Secretary of Defense denies the request for 
reversion of the milestone decision authority back to the 
service acquisition executive, the Secretary shall report to 
the congressional defense committees on the basis of the 
Secretary's decision that an alternate official serving as 
milestone decision authority will best provide for the program 
to achieve desired cost, schedule, and performance outcomes. No 
such reversion is authorized after a program has incurred a 
unit cost increase greater than the significant cost threshold 
or critical cost threshold under section 2433 of this title, 
except in exceptional circumstances.
    ``(4)(A) For each major defense acquisition program, the 
Secretary of the military department concerned and the Chief of 
the armed force concerned shall, in each Selected Acquisition 
Report required under section 2432 of this title, certify that 
program requirements are stable and funding is adequate to meet 
cost, schedule, and performance objectives for the program and 
identify and report to the congressional defense committees on 
any increased risk to the program since the last report.
    ``(B) The Secretary of Defense shall review the acquisition 
oversight process for major defense acquisition programs and 
shall limit outside requirements for documentation to an 
absolute minimum on those programs where the service 
acquisition executive of the military department that is 
managing the program is the milestone decision authority and 
ensure that any policies, procedures, and activities related to 
oversight efforts conducted outside of the military departments 
with regard to major defense acquisition programs shall be 
implemented in a manner that does not unnecessarily increase 
program costs or impede program schedules.''.
    (b) Conforming Amendment.--Section 133(b)(5) of such title 
is amended by inserting before the period at the end the 
following: ``, except that the Under Secretary shall exercise 
advisory authority, subject to the authority, direction, and 
control of the Secretary of Defense, over service acquisition 
programs for which the service acquisition executive is the 
milestone decision authority''.
    (c) Implementation.--
            (1) Implementation plan.--Not later than 180 days 
        after the date of the enactment of this Act, the 
        Secretary of Defense shall submit to the congressional 
        defense committees a plan for implementing subsection 
        (d) of section 2430 of title 10, United States Code, as 
        added by subsection (a) of this section.
            (2) Guidance.--The Deputy Chief Management Officer 
        of the Department of Defense, in consultation with the 
        Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, Technology, 
        and Logistics and the service acquisition executives, 
        shall issue guidance to ensure that by not later than 
        October 1, 2016, the acquisition policy, guidance, and 
        practices of the Department of Defense conform to the 
        requirements of subsection (d) of section 2430 of title 
        10, United States Code, as added by subsection (a) of 
        this section. The guidance shall be designed to ensure 
        a streamlined decisionmaking and approval process and 
        to minimize any information requests, consistent with 
        the requirement of paragraph (4)(A) of such subsection 
        (d).
            (3) Effective date.--The amendments made by 
        subsections (a) and (b) shall take effect on October 1, 
        2016.

SEC. 826. TENURE AND ACCOUNTABILITY OF PROGRAM MANAGERS FOR PROGRAM 
                    DEFINITION PERIODS.

    (a) Revised Guidance Required.--Not later than 180 days 
after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of 
Defense shall revise Department of Defense guidance for major 
defense acquisition programs to address the tenure and 
accountability of program managers for the program definition 
period of major defense acquisition programs.
    (b) Program Definition Period.--For the purposes of this 
section, the term ``program definition period'', with respect 
to a major defense acquisition program, means the period 
beginning with initiation of the program and ending with 
Milestone B approval (or Key Decision Point B approval in the 
case of a space program).
    (c) Responsibilities.--The revised guidance required by 
subsection (a) shall provide that the program manager for the 
program definition period of a major defense acquisition 
program is responsible for--
            (1) bringing technologies to maturity and 
        identifying the manufacturing processes that will be 
        needed to carry out the program;
            (2) ensuring continuing focus during program 
        development on meeting stated mission requirements and 
        other requirements of the Department of Defense;
            (3) recommending trade-offs between program cost, 
        schedule, and performance for the life-cycle of the 
        program;
            (4) developing a business case for the program; and
            (5) ensuring that appropriate information is 
        available to the milestone decision authority to make a 
        decision on Milestone B approval (or Key Decision Point 
        B approval in the case of a space program), including 
        information necessary to make the certification 
        required by section 2366a of title 10, United States 
        Code.
    (d) Qualifications, Resources, and Tenure.--The Secretary 
of Defense shall ensure that each program manager for the 
program definition period of a major defense acquisition 
program--
            (1) has the appropriate management, engineering, 
        technical, and financial expertise needed to meet the 
        responsibilities assigned pursuant to subsection (c);
            (2) is provided the resources and support 
        (including systems engineering expertise, cost-
        estimating expertise, and software development 
        expertise) needed to meet such responsibilities; and
            (3) is assigned to the program manager position for 
        such program until such time as such program receives 
        Milestone B approval (or Key Decision Point B approval 
        in the case of a space program), unless removed for 
        cause or due to exceptional circumstances.
    (e) Waiver Authority.--The Secretary may waive the 
requirement in paragraph (3) of subsection (d) upon a 
determination that the program definition period will take so 
long that it would not be appropriate for a single individual 
to serve as program manager for the entire period covered by 
such paragraph.

SEC. 827. TENURE AND ACCOUNTABILITY OF PROGRAM MANAGERS FOR PROGRAM 
                    EXECUTION PERIODS.

    (a) Revised Guidance Required.--Not later than 180 days 
after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of 
Defense shall revise Department of Defense guidance for major 
defense acquisition programs to address the tenure and 
accountability of program managers for the program execution 
period of major defense acquisition programs.
    (b) Program Execution Period.--For purposes of this 
section, the term ``program execution period'', with respect to 
a major defense acquisition program, means the period beginning 
with Milestone B approval (or Key Decision Point B approval in 
the case of a space program) and ending with declaration of 
initial operational capability.
    (c) Responsibilities.--The revised guidance required by 
subsection (a) shall--
            (1) require the program manager for the program 
        execution period of a major defense acquisition program 
        to enter into a performance agreement with the 
        manager's immediate supervisor for such program within 
        six months of assignment, that--
                    (A) establishes expected parameters for the 
                cost, schedule, and performance of the program 
                consistent with the business case for the 
                program;
                    (B) provides the commitment of the 
                supervisor to provide the level of funding and 
                resources required to meet such parameters; and
                    (C) provides the assurance of the program 
                manager that such parameters are achievable and 
                that the program manager will be accountable 
                for meeting such parameters; and
            (2) provide the program manager with the authority 
        to--
                    (A) consult on the addition of new program 
                requirements that would be inconsistent with 
                the parameters established in the performance 
                agreement entered into pursuant to paragraph 
                (1);
                    (B) recommend trade-offs between cost, 
                schedule, and performance, provided that such 
                trade-offs are consistent with the parameters 
                established in the performance agreement 
                entered into pursuant to paragraph (1); and
                    (C) develop such interim goals and 
                milestones as may be required to achieve the 
                parameters established in the performance 
                agreement entered into pursuant to paragraph 
                (1).
    (d) Qualifications, Resources, and Tenure.--The Secretary 
shall ensure that each program manager for the program 
execution period of a defense acquisition program--
            (1) has the appropriate management, engineering, 
        technical, and financial expertise needed to meet the 
        responsibilities assigned pursuant to subsection (c);
            (2) is provided the resources and support 
        (including systems engineering expertise, cost 
        estimating expertise, and software development 
        expertise) needed to meet such responsibilities; and
            (3) is assigned to the program manager position for 
        such program during the program execution period, 
        unless removed for cause or due to exceptional 
        circumstances.
    (e) Waiver Authority.--The immediate supervisor of a 
program manager for a major defense acquisition program may 
waive the requirement in paragraph (3) of subsection (d) upon a 
determination that the program execution period will take so 
long that it would not be appropriate for a single individual 
to serve as program manager for the entire program execution 
period.

SEC. 828. PENALTY FOR COST OVERRUNS.

    (a) In General.--For each fiscal year beginning with fiscal 
year 2015, the Secretary of each military department shall pay 
a penalty for cost overruns on the covered major defense 
acquisition programs of the military department.
    (b) Calculation of Penalty.--For the purposes of this 
section:
            (1) The amount of the cost overrun or underrun on 
        any major defense acquisition program or subprogram in 
        a fiscal year is the difference between the current 
        program acquisition unit cost for the program or 
        subprogram and the program acquisition unit cost for 
        the program as shown in the original Baseline Estimate 
        for the program or subprogram, multiplied by the 
        quantity of items to be purchased under the program or 
        subprogram, as reported in the final Selected 
        Acquisition Report for the fiscal year in accordance 
        with section 2432 of title 10, United States Code.
            (2) Cost overruns or underruns for covered major 
        defense acquisition programs that are joint programs of 
        more than one military department shall be allocated 
        among the military departments in percentages 
        determined by the Under Secretary of Defense for 
        Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics.
            (3) The cumulative amount of cost overruns for a 
        military department in a fiscal year is the sum of the 
        cost overruns and cost underruns for all covered major 
        defense acquisition programs of the department in the 
        fiscal year (including cost overruns or underruns 
        allocated to the military department in accordance with 
        paragraph (2)).
            (4) The cost overrun penalty for a military 
        department in a fiscal year is three percent of the 
        cumulative amount of cost overruns of the military 
        department in the fiscal year, as determined pursuant 
        to paragraph (3), except that the cost overrun penalty 
        may not be a negative amount.
    (c) Transfer of Funds.--
            (1) Reduction of research, development, test, and 
        evaluation accounts.--Not later than 60 days after the 
        end of each fiscal year beginning with fiscal year 
        2015, the Secretary of each military department shall 
        reduce each research, development, test, and evaluation 
        account of the military department by the percentage 
        determined under paragraph (2), and remit such amount 
        to the Secretary of Defense.
            (2) Determination of amount.--The percentage 
        reduction to research, development, test, and 
        evaluation accounts of a military department referred 
        to in paragraph (1) is the percentage reduction to such 
        accounts necessary to equal the cost overrun penalty 
        for the fiscal year for such department determined 
        pursuant to subsection (b)(4).
            (3) Crediting of funds.--Any amount remitted under 
        paragraph (1) shall be credited to the Rapid 
        Prototyping Fund established pursuant to section 804 of 
        this Act.
    (d) Covered Programs.--A major defense acquisition program 
is covered under this section if the original Baseline Estimate 
was established for such program under paragraph (1) or (2) of 
section 2435(d) of title 10, United States Code, on or after 
May 22, 2009 (which is the date of the enactment of the Weapon 
Systems Acquisition Reform Act of 2009 (Public Law 111-23)).

SEC. 829. STREAMLINING OF REPORTING REQUIREMENTS APPLICABLE TO 
                    ASSISTANT SECRETARY OF DEFENSE FOR RESEARCH AND 
                    ENGINEERING REGARDING MAJOR DEFENSE ACQUISITION 
                    PROGRAMS.

    (a) Reporting to Under Secretary of Defense for 
Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics Before Milestone B 
Approval.--Subparagraph (A) of paragraph (8) of section 138(b) 
of title 10, United States Code, as amended by section 
901(h)(2) of the Carl Levin and Howard P. ``Buck'' McKeon 
National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2015 (Public 
Law 113-291; 128 Stat. 3466), is further amended--
            (1) by striking ``periodically'';
            (2) by striking ``the major defense acquisition 
        programs'' and inserting ``each major defense 
        acquisition program'';
            (3) by inserting ``before the Milestone B approval 
        for that program'' after ``Department of Defense''; and
            (4) by striking ``such reviews and assessments'' 
        and inserting ``such review and assessment''.
    (b) Annual Report to Secretary of Defense and Congressional 
Defense Committees.--Subparagraph (B) of such paragraph is 
amended by inserting ``for which a Milestone B approval 
occurred during the preceding fiscal year'' after ``Department 
of Defense''.

SEC. 830. CONFIGURATION STEERING BOARDS FOR COST CONTROL UNDER MAJOR 
                    DEFENSE ACQUISITION PROGRAMS.

    Section 814(c)(1) of the Duncan Hunter National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2009 (Public Law 110-417; 122 
Stat. 4529; 10 U.S.C. 2430 note) is amended--
            (1) by redesignating subparagraphs (A), (B), and 
        (C) as subparagraphs (B), (C), and (D), respectively; 
        and
            (2) by inserting after ``for the following:'' the 
        following new subparagraph:
                    ``(A) Monitoring changes in program 
                requirements and ensuring the Chief of Staff of 
                the Armed Force concerned, in consultation with 
                the Secretary of the military department 
                concerned, approves of any proposed changes 
                that could have an adverse effect on program 
                cost or schedule.''.

SEC. 831. REPEAL OF REQUIREMENT FOR STAND-ALONE MANPOWER ESTIMATES FOR 
                    MAJOR DEFENSE ACQUISITION PROGRAMS.

    (a) Repeal of Requirement.--Subsection (a)(1) of section 
2434 of title 10, United States Code, is amended by striking 
``and a manpower estimate for the program have'' and inserting 
``has''.
    (b) Conforming Amendments Relating to Regulations.--
Subsection (b) of such section is amended--
            (1) by striking paragraph (2);
            (2) by striking ``shall require--'' and all that 
        follows through ``that the independent'' and inserting 
        ``shall require that the independent'';
            (3) by redesignating subparagraphs (A) and (B) as 
        paragraphs (1) and (2), respectively, and moving those 
        paragraphs, as so redesignated, two ems to the left; 
        and
            (4) in paragraph (2), as so redesignated--
                    (A) by striking ``and operations and 
                support,'' and inserting ``operations and 
                support, and trained manpower to operate, 
                maintain, and support the program upon full 
                operational deployment,''; and
                    (B) by striking ``; and'' and inserting a 
                period.
    (c) Clerical Amendments.--
            (1) Section heading.--The heading of such section 
        is amended to read as follows:

``Sec. 2434. Independent cost estimates''.

            (2) Table of sections.--The table of sections at 
        the beginning of chapter 144 of such title is amended 
        by striking the item relating to section 2434 and 
        inserting the following:

``2434. Independent cost estimates.''.

SEC. 832. REVISION TO DUTIES OF THE DEPUTY ASSISTANT SECRETARY OF 
                    DEFENSE FOR DEVELOPMENTAL TEST AND EVALUATION AND 
                    THE DEPUTY ASSISTANT SECRETARY OF DEFENSE FOR 
                    SYSTEMS ENGINEERING.

     Section 139b of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)(5)--
                    (A) in subparagraph (B), by striking ``and 
                approve or disapprove''; and
                    (B) in subparagraph (C), by inserting ``in 
                order to advise relevant technical authorities 
                for such programs on the incorporation of best 
                practices for developmental test from across 
                the Department'' after ``in accordance with 
                subsection (c))''; and
            (2) in subsection (b)(5)--
                    (A) in subparagraph (B), by striking ``and 
                approve''; and
                    (B) in subparagraph (C), by inserting ``in 
                order to advise relevant technical authorities 
                for such programs on the incorporation of best 
                practices for systems engineering from across 
                the Department'' after ``programs''.

        Subtitle D--Provisions Relating to Acquisition Workforce

SEC. 841. AMENDMENTS TO DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE ACQUISITION WORKFORCE 
                    DEVELOPMENT FUND.

    (a) Modifications to Department of Defense Acquisition 
Workforce Development Fund.--Section 1705 of title 10, United 
States Code, is amended--
            (1) in subsection (d)--
                    (A) in paragraph (2), by amending 
                subparagraph (C) to read as follows:
                    ``(C) For purposes of this paragraph, the 
                applicable percentage for a fiscal year is the 
                percentage that results in the credit to the 
                Fund of $500,000,000 in each fiscal year.'';
                    (B) in paragraph (2), in subparagraph (D)--
                            (i) by striking ``an amount 
                        specified in subparagraph (C)'' and 
                        inserting ``the amount specified in 
                        subparagraph (C)''; and
                            (ii) by striking ``an amount that 
                        is less than'' and all that follows 
                        through the end and inserting ``an 
                        amount that is less than 
                        $400,000,000.''; and
                    (C) in paragraph (3), by striking ``24-
                month period'' and inserting ``36-month 
                period'';
            (2) in subsection (f), by striking ``60 days'' and 
        inserting ``120 days''; and
            (3) in subsection (g)--
                    (A) by striking paragraph (2);
                    (B) by striking ``acquisition workforce 
                positions'' and inserting ``of positions in the 
                acquisition workforce, as defined in subsection 
                (h),'';
                    (C) by striking ``Authority.--'' and all 
                that follows through ``For purposes of'' in 
                paragraph (1) and inserting ``Authority.--For 
                purposes of'';
                    (D) by striking ``(A)'' and inserting 
                ``(1)'';
                    (E) by striking ``(B)'' and inserting 
                ``(2)''; and
                    (F) by aligning paragraphs (1) and (2), as 
                designated by subparagraphs (D) and (E), so as 
                to be two ems from the left margin.
    (b) Modifications to Biennial Strategic Workforce Plan.--
Section 115b(d) of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1), by striking ``the defense 
        acquisition workforce, including both military and 
        civilian personnel'' and inserting ``the military, 
        civilian, and contractor personnel that directly 
        support the acquisition processes of the Department of 
        Defense, including persons serving in acquisition-
        related positions designated by the Secretary of 
        Defense under section 1721 of this title'';
            (2) in paragraph (2)(D)--
                    (A) in clause (i), by striking ``; and'' 
                and inserting a semicolon;
                    (B) by redesignating clause (ii) as clause 
                (iii); and
                    (C) by inserting after clause (i) the 
                following new clause:
                    ``(ii) a description of steps that will be 
                taken to address any new or expanded critical 
                skills and competencies the civilian employee 
                workforce will need to address recent trends in 
                defense acquisition, emerging best practices, 
                changes in the Government and commercial 
                marketplace, and new requirements established 
                in law or regulation; and''; and
            (3) by adding at the end the following new 
        paragraph:
    ``(3) For the purposes of paragraph (1), contractor 
personnel shall be treated as directly supporting the 
acquisition processes of the Department if, and to the extent 
that, such contractor personnel perform functions in support of 
personnel in Department of Defense positions designated by the 
Secretary of Defense under section 1721 of this title.''.

SEC. 842. DUAL-TRACK MILITARY PROFESSIONALS IN OPERATIONAL AND 
                    ACQUISITION SPECIALITIES.

    (a) Requirement for Chief of Staff Involvement.--Section 
1722a(a) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
inserting after ``military department)'' the following: ``, in 
collaboration with the Chief of Staff of the Army, the Chief of 
Naval Operations, the Chief of Staff of the Air Force, and the 
Commandant of the Marine Corps (with respect to the Army, Navy, 
Air Force, and Marine Corps, respectively),''.
    (b) Dual-track Career Path.--Section 1722a(b) of such title 
is amended--
            (1) by redesignating paragraphs (2) and (3) as 
        paragraphs (3) and (4), respectively;
            (2) in paragraph (1), by inserting ``single-track'' 
        before ``career path''; and
            (3) by inserting after paragraph (1) the following 
        new paragraph (2):
            ``(2) A dual-track career path that attracts the 
        highest quality officers and enlisted personnel and 
        allows them to gain experience in and receive credit 
        for a primary career in combat arms and a functional 
        secondary career in the acquisition field in order to 
        more closely align the military operational, 
        requirements, and acquisition workforces of each armed 
        force.''.

SEC. 843. PROVISION OF JOINT DUTY ASSIGNMENT CREDIT FOR ACQUISITION 
                    DUTY.

    Section 668(a)(1) of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended--
            (1) by striking ``or'' at the end of subparagraph 
        (D);
            (2) by striking the period at the end of 
        subparagraph (E) and inserting ``; or''; and
            (3) by adding at the end the following new 
        subparagraph:
            ``(F) acquisition matters addressed by military 
        personnel and covered under chapter 87 of this 
        title.''.

SEC. 844. MANDATORY REQUIREMENT FOR TRAINING RELATED TO THE CONDUCT OF 
                    MARKET RESEARCH.

    (a) Mandatory Market Research Training.--Section 2377 of 
title 10, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end 
the following new subsection:
    ``(d) Market Research Training Required.--The Secretary of 
Defense shall provide mandatory training for members of the 
armed forces and employees of the Department of Defense 
responsible for the conduct of market research required under 
subsection (c). Such mandatory training shall, at a minimum--
            ``(1) provide comprehensive information on the 
        subject of market research and the function of market 
        research in the acquisition of commercial items;
            ``(2) teach best practices for conducting and 
        documenting market research; and
            ``(3) provide methodologies for establishing 
        standard processes and reports for collecting and 
        sharing market research across the Department.''.
    (b) Incorporation Into Management Certification Training 
Mandate.--The Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff shall 
ensure that the requirements of section 2377(d) of title 10, 
United States Code, as added by subsection (a), are 
incorporated into the requirements management certification 
training mandate of the Joint Capabilities Integration 
Development System.

SEC. 845. INDEPENDENT STUDY OF IMPLEMENTATION OF DEFENSE ACQUISITION 
                    WORKFORCE IMPROVEMENT EFFORTS.

    (a) Requirement for Study.--Not later than 30 days after 
the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense 
shall enter into a contract with an independent research entity 
described in subsection (b) to carry out a comprehensive study 
of the strategic planning of the Department of Defense related 
to the defense acquisition workforce. The study shall provide a 
comprehensive examination of the Department's efforts to 
recruit, develop, and retain the acquisition workforce with a 
specific review of the following:
            (1) The implementation of the Defense Acquisition 
        Workforce Improvement Act (including chapter 87 of 
        title 10, United States Code).
            (2) The application of the Department of Defense 
        Acquisition Workforce Development Fund (as established 
        under section 1705 of title 10, United States Code).
            (3) The effectiveness of professional military 
        education programs, including fellowships and exchanges 
        with industry.
    (b) Independent Research Entity.--The entity described in 
this subsection is an independent research entity that is a 
not-for-profit entity or a federally funded research and 
development center with appropriate expertise and analytical 
capability.
    (c) Reports.--
            (1) To secretary.--Not later than one year after 
        the date of the enactment of this Act, the independent 
        research entity shall provide to the Secretary a report 
        containing--
                    (A) the results of the study required by 
                subsection (a); and
                    (B) such recommendations to improve the 
                acquisition workforce as the independent 
                research entity considers to be appropriate.
            (2) To congress.--Not later than 30 days after 
        receipt of the report under paragraph (1), the 
        Secretary of Defense shall submit such report, together 
        with any additional views or recommendations of the 
        Secretary, to the congressional defense committees.

SEC. 846. EXTENSION OF AUTHORITY FOR THE CIVILIAN ACQUISITION WORKFORCE 
                    PERSONNEL DEMONSTRATION PROJECT.

    (a) Extension.--Section 1762(g) of title 10, United States 
Code, is amended by striking ``September 30, 2017'' and 
inserting ``December 31, 2020''.
    (b) Technical Amendment.--Such section is further amended 
by striking ``demonstration program'' and inserting 
``demonstration project''.

          Subtitle E--Provisions Relating to Commercial Items

SEC. 851. PROCUREMENT OF COMMERCIAL ITEMS.

    (a) Commercial Item Determinations by Department of 
Defense.--
            (1) In general.--Chapter 140 of title 10, United 
        States Code, is amended by adding at the end the 
        following new section:

``Sec. 2380. Commercial item determinations by Department of Defense

    ``The Secretary of Defense shall--
            ``(1) establish and maintain a centralized 
        capability with necessary expertise and resources to 
        oversee the making of commercial item determinations 
        for the purposes of procurements by the Department of 
        Defense; and
            ``(2) provide public access to Department of 
        Defense commercial item determinations for the purposes 
        of procurements by the Department of Defense.''.
            (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at 
        the beginning of such chapter is amended by adding at 
        the end the following new item:

``2380. Commercial item determinations by Department of Defense.''.
    (b) Commercial Item Exception to Submission of Cost and 
Pricing Data.--Section 2306a(b) of title 10, United States 
Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new 
paragraph:
            ``(4) Commercial item determination.--(A) For 
        purposes of applying the commercial item exception 
        under paragraph (1)(B) to the required submission of 
        certified cost or pricing data, the contracting officer 
        may presume that a prior commercial item determination 
        made by a military department, a Defense Agency, or 
        another component of the Department of Defense shall 
        serve as a determination for subsequent procurements of 
        such item.
            ``(B) If the contracting officer does not make the 
        presumption described in subparagraph (A) and instead 
        chooses to proceed with a procurement of an item 
        previously determined to be a commercial item using 
        procedures other than the procedures authorized for the 
        procurement of a commercial item, the contracting 
        officer shall request a review of the commercial item 
        determination by the head of the contracting activity.
            ``(C) Not later than 30 days after receiving a 
        request for review of a commercial item determination 
        under subparagraph (B), the head of a contracting 
        activity shall--
                    ``(i) confirm that the prior determination 
                was appropriate and still applicable; or
                    ``(ii) issue a revised determination with a 
                written explanation of the basis for the 
                revision.''.
    (c) Definition of Commercial Item.--Nothing in this section 
or the amendments made by this section shall affect the meaning 
of the term ``commercial item'' under subsection (a)(5) of 
section 2464 of title 10, United States Code, or any 
requirement under subsection (a)(3) or subsection (c) of such 
section.
    (d) Regulations Update.--Not later than 180 days after the 
date of the enactment of this Act, the Defense Federal 
Acquisition Regulation Supplement shall be updated to reflect 
the requirements of this section and the amendments made by 
this section.
    (e) Rule of Construction.--Nothing in this section or the 
amendments made by this section shall be construed to preclude 
the contracting officer for the procurement of a commercial 
item from requiring the contractor to supply information that 
is sufficient to determine the reasonableness of price, 
regardless of whether or not the contractor was required to 
provide such information in connection with any earlier 
procurement.

SEC. 852. MODIFICATION TO INFORMATION REQUIRED TO BE SUBMITTED BY 
                    OFFEROR IN PROCUREMENT OF MAJOR WEAPON SYSTEMS AS 
                    COMMERCIAL ITEMS.

    (a) Requirement for Determination.--Subsection (a) of 
section 2379 of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1)(B), by inserting ``and'' after 
        the semicolon;
            (2) by striking paragraph (2); and
            (3) by redesignating paragraph (3) as paragraph 
        (2).
    (b) Treatment of Subsystems as Commercial Items.--
Subsection (b) of such section is amended--
            (1) in the matter preceding paragraph (1), by 
        striking ``only if'' and inserting ``if either'';
            (2) in paragraph (2)--
                    (A) by striking ``that--'' and all that 
                follows through ``the subsystem is a'' and 
                inserting ``that the subsystem is a'';
                    (B) by striking ``; and'' and inserting a 
                period; and
                    (C) by striking subparagraph (B).
    (c) Treatment of Components as Commercial Items.--
Subsection (c)(1) of such section is amended--
            (1) by striking ``title only if'' and inserting 
        ``title if either''; and
            (2) in subparagraph (B)--
                    (A) by striking ``that--'' and all that 
                follows through ``the component or'' and 
                inserting ``that the component or'';
                    (B) by striking ``; and'' and inserting a 
                period; and
                    (C) by striking clause (ii).
    (d) Information Submitted.--Subsection (d) of such section 
is amended to read as follows:
    ``(d) Information Submitted.--(1) To the extent necessary 
to determine the reasonableness of the price for items acquired 
under this section, the contracting officer shall require the 
offeror to submit--
            ``(A) prices paid for the same or similar 
        commercial items under comparable terms and conditions 
        by both Government and commercial customers;
            ``(B) if the contracting officer determines that 
        the offeror does not have access to and cannot provide 
        sufficient information described in subparagraph (A) to 
        determine the reasonableness of price, information on--
                    ``(i) prices for the same or similar items 
                sold under different terms and conditions;
                    ``(ii) prices for similar levels of work or 
                effort on related products or services;
                    ``(iii) prices for alternative solutions or 
                approaches; and
                    ``(iv) other relevant information that can 
                serve as the basis for a price assessment; and
            ``(C) if the contracting officer determines that 
        the information submitted pursuant to subparagraphs (A) 
        and (B) is not sufficient to determine the 
        reasonableness of price, other relevant information 
        regarding the basis for price or cost, including 
        information on labor costs, material costs, and 
        overhead rates.
    ``(2) An offeror may not be required to submit information 
described in paragraph (1)(C) with regard to a commercially 
available off-the-shelf item and may be required to submit such 
information with regard to any other item that was developed 
exclusively at private expense only after the head of the 
contracting activity determines in writing that the information 
submitted pursuant to paragraphs (1)(A) and (1)(B) is not 
sufficient to determine the reasonableness of price.''.
    (e) Conforming Amendment to Truth in Negotiations Act.--
Section 2306a(d)(1) of title 10, United States Code, is amended 
by adding at the end the following new sentence: ``If the 
contracting officer determines that the offeror does not have 
access to and cannot provide sufficient information on prices 
for the same or similar items to determine the reasonableness 
of price, the contracting officer shall require the submission 
of information on prices for similar levels of work or effort 
on related products or services, prices for alternative 
solutions or approaches, and other information that is relevant 
to the determination of a fair and reasonable price.''.

SEC. 853. USE OF RECENT PRICES PAID BY THE GOVERNMENT IN THE 
                    DETERMINATION OF PRICE REASONABLENESS.

     Section 2306a(b) of title 10, United States Code, as 
amended by section 851, is further amended by adding at the end 
the following new paragraph:
            ``(5) A contracting officer shall consider evidence 
        provided by an offeror of recent purchase prices paid 
        by the Government for the same or similar commercial 
        items in establishing price reasonableness on a 
        subsequent purchase if the contracting officer is 
        satisfied that the prices previously paid remain a 
        valid reference for comparison after considering the 
        totality of other relevant factors such as the time 
        elapsed since the prior purchase and any differences in 
        the quantities purchased or applicable terms and 
        conditions.''.

SEC. 854. REPORT ON DEFENSE-UNIQUE LAWS APPLICABLE TO THE PROCUREMENT 
                    OF COMMERCIAL ITEMS AND COMMERCIALLY AVAILABLE OFF-
                    THE-SHELF ITEMS.

    (a) Report Required.--The Secretary of Defense shall submit 
to the congressional defense committees a report identifying 
the defense-unique provisions of law that are applicable for 
procurement of commercial items or commercial off-the-shelf 
items, both at the prime contract and subcontract level. The 
report--
            (1) shall discuss the impact--
                    (A) of limiting the inclusion of clauses in 
                contracts for commercial items or commercial 
                off-the-shelf items to those that are required 
                to implement law or Executive orders or are 
                determined to be consistent with standard 
                commercial practice; and
                    (B) of limiting flow down of clauses in 
                subcontracts for commercial items or commercial 
                off the shelf-items to those that are required 
                to implement law or Executive order; and
            (2) shall provide a listing of all standard clauses 
        used in Federal Acquisition Regulation Part 12 
        contracts, including a justification for the inclusion 
        of each.
    (b) Deadline for Submission.--The report under subsection 
(a) shall be submitted not later than 180 days after the date 
of the enactment of this Act.

SEC. 855. MARKET RESEARCH AND PREFERENCE FOR COMMERCIAL ITEMS.

    (a) Guidance Required.--Not later than 90 days after the 
date of the enactment of this Act, the Under Secretary of 
Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics shall issue 
guidance to ensure that acquisition officials of the Department 
of Defense fully comply with the requirements of section 2377 
of title 10, United States Code, regarding market research and 
commercial items. The guidance issued pursuant to this 
subsection shall, at a minimum--
            (1) provide that the head of an agency may not 
        enter into a contract in excess of the simplified 
        acquisition threshold for information technology 
        products or services that are not commercial items 
        unless the head of the agency determines in writing 
        that no commercial items are suitable to meet the 
        agency's needs as provided in subsection (c)(2) of such 
        section; and
            (2) ensure that market research conducted in 
        accordance with subsection (c) of such section is used, 
        where appropriate, to inform price reasonableness 
        determinations.
    (b) Review Required.--Not later than 180 days after the 
date of the enactment of this Act, the Chairman and the Vice 
Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, in consultation with the 
Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and 
Logistics, shall review Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff 
Instruction 3170.01, the Manual for the Operation of the Joint 
Capabilities Integration and Development System, and other 
documents governing the requirements development process and 
revise these documents as necessary to ensure that the 
Department of Defense fully complies with the requirement in 
section 2377(c) of title 10, United States Code, and section 
10.001 of the Federal Acquisition Regulation for Federal 
agencies to conduct appropriate market research before 
developing new requirements.
    (c) Market Research Defined.--For the purposes of this 
section, the term ``market research'' means a review of 
existing systems, subsystems, capabilities, and technologies 
that are available or could be made available to meet the needs 
of the Department of Defense in whole or in part. The review 
may include any of the techniques for conducting market 
research provided in section 10.002(b)(2) of the Federal 
Acquisition Regulation and shall include, at a minimum, 
contacting knowledgeable individuals in Government and industry 
regarding existing market capabilities.

SEC. 856. LIMITATION ON CONVERSION OF PROCUREMENTS FROM COMMERCIAL 
                    ACQUISITION PROCEDURES.

    (a) Limitation.--
            (1) In general.--Except as provided in paragraph 
        (2), prior to converting the procurement of commercial 
        items or services valued at more than $1,000,000 from 
        commercial acquisition procedures under part 12 of the 
        Federal Acquisition Regulation to noncommercial 
        acquisition procedures under part 15 of the Federal 
        Acquisition Regulation, the contracting officer for the 
        procurement shall determine in writing that--
                    (A) the earlier use of commercial 
                acquisition procedures under part 12 of the 
                Federal Acquisition Regulation was in error or 
                based on inadequate information; and
                    (B) the Department of Defense will realize 
                a cost savings compared to the cost of 
                procuring a similar quantity or level of such 
                item or service using commercial acquisition 
                procedures.
            (2) Requirement for approval of determination by 
        head of contracting activity.--In the case of a 
        procurement valued at more than $100,000,000, a 
        contract may not be awarded pursuant to a conversion of 
        the procurement described in paragraph (1) until--
                    (A) the head of the contracting activity 
                approves the determination made under paragraph 
                (1); and
                    (B) a copy of the determination so approved 
                is provided to the Office of the Under 
                Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, 
                Technology, and Logistics.
    (b) Factors to Be Considered.--In making a determination 
under paragraph (1), the determining official shall, at a 
minimum, consider the following factors:
            (1) The estimated cost of research and development 
        to be performed by the existing contractor to improve 
        future products or services.
            (2) The transaction costs for the Department of 
        Defense and the contractor in assessing and responding 
        to data requests to support a conversion to 
        noncommercial acquisition procedures.
            (3) Changes in purchase quantities.
            (4) Costs associated with potential procurement 
        delays resulting from the conversion.
    (c) Procedures.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall 
develop procedures to track conversions of future contracts and 
subcontracts for improved analysis and reporting and shall 
revise the Defense Federal Acquisition Regulation Supplement to 
reflect the requirement in subsection (a).
    (d) Reporting Requirement.--Not later than one year after 
the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense 
shall submit to the congressional defense committees a report 
on the implementation of subsection (a), including any 
procurements converted as described in that subsection.
    (e) Sunset.--The requirements of this section shall 
terminate 5 years after the date of the enactment of this Act.

SEC. 857. TREATMENT OF GOODS AND SERVICES PROVIDED BY NONTRADITIONAL 
                    DEFENSE CONTRACTORS AS COMMERCIAL ITEMS.

    (a) In General.--Chapter 140 of title 10, United States 
Code, as amended by section 851, is further amended by adding 
at the end the following new section:

``Sec. 2380A. Treatment of goods and services provided by 
                    nontraditional defense contractors as commercial 
                    items

    ``Notwithstanding section 2376(1) of this title, items and 
services provided by nontraditional defense contractors (as 
that term is defined in section 2302(9) of this title) may be 
treated by the head of an agency as commercial items for 
purposes of this chapter.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the 
beginning of chapter 140 of such title is amended by inserting 
after the item relating to section 2380, as added by section 
851, the following new item:

``2380A. Treatment of goods and services provided by nontraditional 
          defense contractors as commercial items.''.

                  Subtitle F--Industrial Base Matters

SEC. 861. AMENDMENT TO MENTOR-PROTEGE PROGRAM.

    (a) In General.--Section 831 of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1991 (Public Law 101-510; 104 
Stat. 1607; 10 U.S.C. 2302 note) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (b), by striking ``designed to 
        enhance'' and all that follows through the period at 
        the end and inserting the following: ``designed to--
    ``(1) enhance the capabilities of disadvantaged small 
business concerns to perform as subcontractors and suppliers 
under Department of Defense contracts and other contracts and 
subcontracts; and
    ``(2) increase the participation of such business concerns 
as subcontractors and suppliers under Department of Defense 
contracts, other Federal Government contracts, and commercial 
contracts.'';
            (2) in subsection (c)(2), by striking ``to receive 
        such assistance at any time'' and inserting 
        ``concurrently, and the authority to enter into 
        agreements under subsection (e) shall only be available 
        to such concern during the 5-year period beginning on 
        the date such concern enters into the first such 
        agreement'';
            (3) in subsection (d)--
                    (A) by redesignating paragraphs (1) and (2) 
                as clauses (i) and (ii), respectively (and 
                conforming the margins accordingly); and
                    (B) by inserting before clause (i) (as so 
                redesignated) the following:
            ``(1) the mentor firm is not affiliated with the 
        protege firm prior to the approval of that agreement; 
        and
            ``(2) the mentor firm demonstrates that it--
                    ``(A) is qualified to provide assistance 
                that will contribute to the purpose of the 
                program;
                    ``(B) is of good financial health and 
                character and does not appear on a Federal list 
                of debarred or suspended contractors; and
                    ``(C) can impart value to a protege firm 
                because of experience gained as a Department of 
                Defense contractor or through knowledge of 
                general business operations and government 
                contracting, as demonstrated by evidence that--
                '';
            (4) by amending subsection (e)(1) to read as 
        follows:
            ``(1) A developmental program for the protege firm, 
        in such detail as may be reasonable, including--
                    ``(A) factors to assess the protege firm's 
                developmental progress under the program;
                    ``(B) a description of the quantitative and 
                qualitative benefits to the Department of 
                Defense from the agreement, if applicable; and
                    ``(C) goals for additional awards that 
                protege firm can compete for outside the 
                Mentor-Protege Program.'';
            (5) in subsection (f)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1)(A), by striking 
                ``business development,'';
                    (B) by striking paragraph (6); and
                    (C) by redesignating paragraph (7) as 
                paragraph (6);
            (6) in subsection (g)--
                    (A) in paragraph (2)--
                            (i) in subparagraph (A), by 
                        striking ``paragraphs (1) and (7) of 
                        subsection (f)'' and inserting 
                        ``paragraphs (1) and (6) of subsection 
                        (f) (except as provided in subparagraph 
                        (D))'';
                            (ii) in subparagraph (B), by 
                        striking ``under subsection (l)(2)''; 
                        and
                            (iii) by adding at the end the 
                        following new subparagraph:
            ``(D) The Secretary may not reimburse any fee 
        assessed by the mentor firm for services provided to 
        the protege firm pursuant to subsection (f)(6) or for 
        business development expenses incurred by the mentor 
        firm under a contract awarded to the mentor firm while 
        participating in a joint venture with the protege 
        firm.''; and
                    (B) in paragraph (3)(B)(i), by striking 
                ``subsection (f)(7)'' and inserting 
                ``subsection (f)(6)'';
            (7) in subsection (h)(1), by inserting ``(15 U.S.C. 
        631 et seq.)'' after ``Small Business Act'';
            (8) in subsection (j)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1), by striking 
                ``September 30, 2015'' and inserting 
                ``September 30, 2018''; and
                    (B) in paragraph (2), by striking 
                ``September 30, 2018'' and inserting 
                ``September 30, 2021'';
            (9) by redesignating subsection (l) as subsection 
        (n);
            (10) by inserting after subsection (k) the 
        following new subsections:
    ``(l) Report by Mentor Firms.--To comply with section 
8(d)(7) of the Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 637(d)(7)), each 
mentor firm shall submit a report to the Secretary not less 
than once each fiscal year that includes, for the preceding 
fiscal year--
            ``(1) all technical or management assistance 
        provided by mentor firm personnel for the purposes 
        described in subsection (f)(1);
            ``(2) any new awards of subcontracts on a 
        competitive or noncompetitive basis to the protege firm 
        under Department of Defense contracts or other 
        contracts, including the value of such subcontracts;
            ``(3) any extensions, increases in the scope of 
        work, or additional payments not previously reported 
        for prior awards of subcontracts on a competitive or 
        noncompetitive basis to the protege firm under 
        Department of Defense contracts or other contracts, 
        including the value of such subcontracts;
            ``(4) the amount of any payment of progress 
        payments or advance payments made to the protege firm 
        for performance under any subcontract made under the 
        Mentor-Protege Program;
            ``(5) any loans made by mentor firm to the protege 
        firm;
            ``(6) all Federal contracts awarded to the mentor 
        firm and the protege firm as a joint venture, 
        designating whether the award was a restricted 
        competition or a full and open competition;
            ``(7) any assistance obtained by the mentor firm 
        for the protege firm from one or more--
                    ``(A) small business development centers 
                established pursuant to section 21 of the Small 
                Business Act (15 U.S.C. 648);
                    ``(B) entities providing procurement 
                technical assistance pursuant to chapter 142 of 
                title 10, United States Code; or
                    ``(C) historically Black colleges or 
                universities or minority institutions of higher 
                education;
            ``(8) whether there have been any changes to the 
        terms of the mentor-protege agreement; and
            ``(9) a narrative describing the success assistance 
        provided under subsection (f) has had in addressing the 
        developmental needs of the protege firm, the impact on 
        Department of Defense contracts, and addressing any 
        problems encountered.
    ``(m) Review of Report by the Office of Small Business 
Programs.--The Office of Small Business Programs of the 
Department of Defense shall review the report required by 
subsection (l) and, if the Office finds that the mentor-protege 
agreement is not furthering the purpose of the Mentor-Protege 
Program, decide not to approve any continuation of the 
agreement.''; and
            (11) in subsection (n) (as so redesignated)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1), by striking ``means a 
                business concern that meets the requirements of 
                section 3(a) of the Small Business Act (15 
                U.S.C. 632(a)) and the regulations promulgated 
                pursuant thereto'' and inserting ``has the 
                meaning given such term under section 3 of the 
                Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 632)'';
                    (B) in paragraph (2)--
                            (i) by striking ``means:'' and 
                        inserting ``means a firm that has less 
                        than half the size standard 
                        corresponding to its primary North 
                        American Industry Classification System 
                        code, is not owned or managed by 
                        individuals or entities that directly 
                        or indirectly have stock options or 
                        convertible securities in the mentor 
                        firm, and is--'';
                            (ii) in subparagraph (D), by 
                        striking ``the severely disabled'' and 
                        inserting ``severely disabled 
                        individuals'';
                            (iii) in subparagraph (G), by 
                        striking ``Small Business Act.'' and 
                        inserting ``Small Business Act (15 
                        U.S.C. 632(p)); or''; and
                            (iv) by adding at the end the 
                        following new subparagraph:
                    ``(H) a small business concern that--
                            ``(i) is a nontraditional defense 
                        contractor, as such term is defined in 
                        section 2302 of title 10, United States 
                        Code; or
                            ``(ii) currently provides goods or 
                        services in the private sector that are 
                        critical to enhancing the capabilities 
                        of the defense supplier base and 
                        fulfilling key Department of Defense 
                        needs.'';
                    (C) by amending paragraph (8) to read as 
                follows:
            ``(8) The term `severely disabled individual' means 
        an individual who is blind (as defined in section 8501 
        of title 41, United States Code) or a severely disabled 
        individual (as defined in such section).''; and
                    (D) by adding at the end the following new 
                paragraph:
            ``(9) The term `affiliated', with respect to the 
        relationship between a mentor firm and a protege firm, 
        means--
                    ``(A) the mentor firm shares, directly or 
                indirectly, with the protege firm ownership or 
                management of the protege firm;
                    ``(B) the mentor firm has an agreement, at 
                the time the mentor firm enters into a mentor-
                protege agreement under subsection (e), to 
                merge with the protege firm;
                    ``(C) the owners and managers of the mentor 
                firm are the parent, child, spouse, sibling, 
                aunt, uncle, niece, nephew, grandparent, 
                grandchild, or first cousin of an owner or 
                manager of the protege firm;
                    ``(D) the mentor firm has, during the 2-
                year period before entering into a mentor-
                protege agreement, employed any officer, 
                director, principal stock holder, managing 
                member, or key employee of the protege firm;
                    ``(E) the mentor firm has engaged in a 
                joint venture with the protege firm during the 
                2-year period before entering into a mentor-
                protege agreement, unless such joint venture 
                was approved by the Small Business 
                Administration prior to making any offer on a 
                contract;
                    ``(F) the mentor firm is, directly or 
                indirectly, the primary party providing 
                contracts to the protege firm, as measured by 
                the dollar value of the contracts; and
                    ``(G) the Small Business Administration has 
                made a determination of affiliation or control 
                under subsection (h).''.
    (b) Application.--
            (1) In general.--The amendments made by subsection 
        (a) shall apply to a mentor-protege agreement made 
        pursuant to section 831 of the National Defense 
        Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1991 (Public Law 101-
        510; 104 Stat. 1607; 10 U.S.C. 2302 note) entered into 
        after the date of the enactment of the National Defense 
        Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2016.
            (2) Retroactivity of report and review 
        requirements.--The amendments made by subsection 
        (a)(10) shall apply to a mentor-protege agreement made 
        pursuant to section 831 of the National Defense 
        Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1991 (Public Law 101-
        510; 104 Stat. 1607; 10 U.S.C. 2302 note) entered into 
        before, on, or after the date of the enactment of the 
        National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
        2016.

SEC. 862. AMENDMENTS TO DATA QUALITY IMPROVEMENT PLAN.

    (a) In General.--Section 15(s) of the Small Business Act 
(15 U.S.C. 644(s)) is amended--
            (1) by redesignating paragraph (4) as paragraph 
        (6); and
            (2) by inserting after paragraph (3) the following 
        new paragraphs:
            ``(4) Implementation.--Not later than October 1, 
        2016, the Administrator of the Small Business 
        Administration shall implement the plan described in 
        this subsection.
            ``(5) Certification.--The Administrator shall 
        annually provide to the Committee on Small Business of 
        the House of Representatives and the Committee on Small 
        Business and Entrepreneurship of the Senate a 
        certification of the accuracy and completeness of data 
        reported on bundled and consolidated contracts.''.
    (b) GAO Study.--
            (1) Study.--Not later than October 1, 2017, the 
        Comptroller General of the United States shall initiate 
        a study on the effectiveness of the plan described in 
        section 15(s) of the Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 
        644(s)) that shall assess whether contracts were 
        accurately labeled as bundled or consolidated.
            (2) Contracts evaluated.--For the purposes of 
        conducting the study described in paragraph (1), the 
        Comptroller General of the United States--
                    (A) shall evaluate, for work in each of 
                sectors 23, 33, 54, and 56 (as defined by the 
                North American Industry Classification System), 
                not fewer than 100 contracts in each sector;
                    (B) shall evaluate only those contracts--
                            (i) awarded by an agency listed in 
                        section 901(b) of title 31, United 
                        States Code; and
                            (ii) that have a Base and Exercised 
                        Options Value, an Action Obligation, or 
                        a Base and All Options Value (as such 
                        terms are defined in the Federal 
                        Procurement Data System described in 
                        section 1122(a)(4)(A) of title 41, 
                        United States Code, or any successor 
                        system); and
                    (C) shall not evaluate contracts that have 
                used any set-aside authority.
            (3) Report.--Not later than 12 months after 
        initiating the study required by paragraph (1), the 
        Comptroller General of the United States shall report 
        to the Committee on Small Business of the House of 
        Representatives and the Committee on Small Business and 
        Entrepreneurship of the Senate on the results from such 
        study and, if warranted, any recommendations on how to 
        improve the quality of data reported on bundled and 
        consolidated contracts.

SEC. 863. NOTICE OF CONTRACT CONSOLIDATION FOR ACQUISITION STRATEGIES.

    (a) Notice Requirement for the Head of a Contracting 
Agency.--Section 15(e)(3) of the Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 
644(e)(3)) is amended to read as follows:
            ``(3) Strategy specifications.--If the head of a 
        contracting agency determines that an acquisition plan 
        for a procurement involves a substantial bundling of 
        contract requirements, the head of a contracting agency 
        shall publish a notice on a public website that such 
        determination has been made not later than 7 days after 
        making such determination. Any solicitation for a 
        procurement related to the acquisition plan may not be 
        published earlier than 7 days after such notice is 
        published. Along with the publication of the 
        solicitation, the head of a contracting agency shall 
        publish a justification for the determination, which 
        shall include the following information:
                    ``(A) The specific benefits anticipated to 
                be derived from the bundling of contract 
                requirements and a determination that such 
                benefits justify the bundling.
                    ``(B) An identification of any alternative 
                contracting approaches that would involve a 
                lesser degree of bundling of contract 
                requirements.
                    ``(C) An assessment of--
                            ``(i) the specific impediments to 
                        participation by small business 
                        concerns as prime contractors that 
                        result from the bundling of contract 
                        requirements; and
                            ``(ii) the specific actions 
                        designed to maximize participation of 
                        small business concerns as 
                        subcontractors (including suppliers) at 
                        various tiers under the contract or 
                        contracts that are awarded to meet the 
                        requirements.''.
    (b) Notice Requirement for the Senior Procurement Executive 
or Chief Acquisition Officer.--Section 44(c)(2) of the Small 
Business Act (15 U.S.C. 657q(c)(2)) is amended by adding at the 
end the following:
                    ``(C) Notice.--Not later than 7 days after 
                making a determination that an acquisition 
                strategy involving a consolidation of contract 
                requirements is necessary and justified under 
                subparagraph (A), the senior procurement 
                executive or Chief Acquisition Officer shall 
                publish a notice on a public website that such 
                determination has been made. Any solicitation 
                for a procurement related to the acquisition 
                strategy may not be published earlier than 7 
                days after such notice is published. Along with 
                the publication of the solicitation, the senior 
                procurement executive or Chief Acquisition 
                Officer shall publish a justification for the 
                determination, which shall include the 
                information in subparagraphs (A) through (E) of 
                paragraph (1).''.
    (c) Technical Amendment.--Section 44(c)(1) of the Small 
Business Act (15 U.S.C. 657q(c)(1)) is amended by striking 
``Subject to paragraph (4), the head'' and inserting ``The 
head''.

SEC. 864. CLARIFICATION OF REQUIREMENTS RELATED TO SMALL BUSINESS 
                    CONTRACTS FOR SERVICES.

    (a) Procurement Contracts.--Section 8(a)(17) of the Small 
Business Act (15 U.S.C. 637(a)(17)) is amended--
            (1) in subparagraph (A), by striking ``any 
        procurement contract'' and all that follows through 
        ``section 15'' and inserting ``any procurement 
        contract, which contract has as its principal purpose 
        the supply of a product to be let pursuant to this 
        subsection, subsection (m), section 15(a), section 31, 
        or section 36,''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following new 
        subparagraph:
            ``(C) Limitation.--This paragraph shall not apply 
        to a contract that has as its principal purpose the 
        acquisition of services or construction.''.
    (b) Subcontractor Contracts.--Section 46(a)(4) of the Small 
Business Act (15 U.S.C. 657s(a)(4)) is amended by striking 
``for supplies from a regular dealer in such supplies'' and 
inserting ``which is principally for supplies from a regular 
dealer in such supplies, and which is not a contract 
principally for services or construction''.

SEC. 865. CERTIFICATION REQUIREMENTS FOR BUSINESS OPPORTUNITY 
                    SPECIALISTS, COMMERCIAL MARKET REPRESENTATIVES, AND 
                    PROCUREMENT CENTER REPRESENTATIVES.

    (a) Business Opportunity Specialist Requirements.--
            (1) In general.--Section 4 of the Small Business 
        Act (15 U.S.C. 633) is amended by adding at the end the 
        following new subsection:
    ``(g) Certification Requirements for Business Opportunity 
Specialists.--
            ``(1) In general.--Consistent with the requirements 
        of paragraph (2), a Business Opportunity Specialist 
        described under section 7(j)(10)(D) shall have a Level 
        I Federal Acquisition Certification in Contracting (or 
        any successor certification) or the equivalent 
        Department of Defense certification, except that a 
        Business Opportunity Specialist who was serving on or 
        before January 3, 2013, may continue to serve as a 
        Business Opportunity Specialist for a period of 5 years 
        beginning on such date without such a certification.
            ``(2) Delay of certification requirement.--
                    ``(A) Timing.--The certification described 
                in paragraph (1) is not required for any person 
                serving as a Business Opportunity Specialist 
                until the date that is one calendar year after 
                the date such person is appointed as a Business 
                Opportunity Specialist.
                    ``(B) Application.--The requirements of 
                subparagraph (A) shall--
                            ``(i) be included in any initial 
                        job posting for the position of a 
                        Business Opportunity Specialist; and
                            ``(ii) apply to any person 
                        appointed as a Business Opportunity 
                        Specialist after January 3, 2013.''.
            (2) Conforming amendment.--Section 7(j)(10)(D)(i) 
        of such Act (15 U.S.C. 636(j)(10)(D)(i)) is amended by 
        striking the second sentence.
    (b) Commercial Market Representative Requirements.--Section 
4 of the Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 633), as amended by 
subsection (a)(1), is further amended by adding at the end the 
following new subsection:
    ``(h) Certification Requirements for Commercial Market 
Representatives.--
            ``(1) In general.--Consistent with the requirements 
        of paragraph (2), a commercial market representative 
        referred to in section 15(q)(3) shall have a Level I 
        Federal Acquisition Certification in Contracting (or 
        any successor certification) or the equivalent 
        Department of Defense certification, except that a 
        commercial market representative who was serving on or 
        before the date of the enactment of the National 
        Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2016 may 
        continue to serve as a commercial market representative 
        for a period of 5 years beginning on such date without 
        such a certification.
            ``(2) Delay of certification requirement.--
                    ``(A) Timing.--The certification described 
                in paragraph (1) is not required for any person 
                serving as a commercial market representative 
                until the date that is one calendar year after 
                the date such person is appointed as a 
                commercial market representative.
                    ``(B) Application.--The requirements of 
                subparagraph (A) shall--
                            ``(i) be included in any initial 
                        job posting for the position of a 
                        commercial market representative; and
                            ``(ii) apply to any person 
                        appointed as a commercial market 
                        representative after the date of the 
                        enactment of the National Defense 
                        Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
                        2016.''.
    (c) Procurement Center Representative Requirements.--
Section 15(l)(5) of the Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 
644(l)(5)) is amended--
            (1) in subparagraph (A), by amending clause (iii) 
        to read as follows:
                            ``(iii) have the certification 
                        described in subparagraph (C).''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following new 
        subparagraph:
                    ``(C) Certification requirements.--
                            ``(i) In general.--Consistent with 
                        the requirements of clause (ii), a 
                        procurement center representative shall 
                        have a Level III Federal Acquisition 
                        Certification in Contracting (or any 
                        successor certification) or the 
                        equivalent Department of Defense 
                        certification, except that any person 
                        serving in such a position on or before 
                        January 3, 2013, may continue to serve 
                        in that position for a period of 5 
                        years without the required 
                        certification.
                            ``(ii) Delay of certification 
                        requirements.--
                                    ``(I) Timing.--The 
                                certification described in 
                                clause (i) is not required for 
                                any person serving as a 
                                procurement center 
                                representative until the date 
                                that is one calendar year after 
                                the date such person is 
                                appointed as a procurement 
                                center representative.
                                    ``(II) Application.--The 
                                requirements of subclause (I) 
                                shall--
                                            ``(aa) be included 
                                        in any initial job 
                                        posting for the 
                                        position of a 
                                        procurement center 
                                        representative; and
                                            ``(bb) apply to any 
                                        person appointed as a 
                                        procurement center 
                                        representative after 
                                        January 3, 2013.''.

SEC. 866. MODIFICATIONS TO REQUIREMENTS FOR QUALIFIED HUBZONE SMALL 
                    BUSINESS CONCERNS LOCATED IN A BASE CLOSURE AREA.

    (a) In General.--Section 3(p) of the Small Business Act (15 
U.S.C. 632(p)) is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1)--
                    (A) in subparagraph (D), by striking 
                ``or'';
                    (B) in subparagraph (E), by striking the 
                period at the end and inserting ``; or''; and
                    (C) by adding at the end the following:
                    ``(F) qualified disaster areas.'';
            (2) in paragraph (3)--
                    (A) by redesignating subparagraphs (D) and 
                (E) as subparagraphs (E) and (F), respectively; 
                and
                    (B) by inserting after subparagraph (C) the 
                following:
                    ``(D) a small business concern--
                            ``(i) that is wholly owned by one 
                        or more Native Hawaiian Organizations 
                        (as defined in section 8(a)(15)), or by 
                        a corporation that is wholly owned by 
                        one or more Native Hawaiian 
                        Organizations; or
                            ``(ii) that is owned in part by one 
                        or more Native Hawaiian Organizations, 
                        or by a corporation that is wholly 
                        owned by one or more Native Hawaiian 
                        Organizations, if all other owners are 
                        either United States citizens or small 
                        business concerns;'';
            (3) in paragraph (4)--
                    (A) by amending subparagraph (D) to read as 
                follows:
                    ``(D) Base closure area.--
                            ``(i) In general.--Subject to 
                        clause (ii), the term `base closure 
                        area' means--
                                    ``(I) lands within the 
                                external boundaries of a 
                                military installation that were 
                                closed through a privatization 
                                process under the authority 
                                of--
                                            ``(aa) the Defense 
                                        Base Closure and 
                                        Realignment Act of 1990 
                                        (part A of title XXIX 
                                        of division B of Public 
                                        Law 101-510; 10 U.S.C. 
                                        2687 note);
                                            ``(bb) title II of 
                                        the Defense 
                                        Authorization 
                                        Amendments and Base 
                                        Closure and Realignment 
                                        Act (Public Law 100-
                                        526; 10 U.S.C. 2687 
                                        note);
                                            ``(cc) section 2687 
                                        of title 10, United 
                                        States Code; or
                                            ``(dd) any other 
                                        provision of law 
                                        authorizing or 
                                        directing the Secretary 
                                        of Defense or the 
                                        Secretary of a military 
                                        department to dispose 
                                        of real property at the 
                                        military installation 
                                        for purposes relating 
                                        to base closures of 
                                        redevelopment, while 
                                        retaining the authority 
                                        to enter into a 
                                        leaseback of all or a 
                                        portion of the property 
                                        for military use;
                                    ``(II) the census tract or 
                                nonmetropolitan county in which 
                                the lands described in 
                                subclause (I) are wholly 
                                contained;
                                    ``(III) a census tract or 
                                nonmetropolitan county the 
                                boundaries of which intersect 
                                the area described in subclause 
                                (I); and
                                    ``(IV) a census tract or 
                                nonmetropolitan county the 
                                boundaries of which are 
                                contiguous to the area 
                                described in subclause (II) or 
                                subclause (III).
                            ``(ii) Limitation.--A base closure 
                        area shall be treated as a HUBZone--
                                    ``(I) with respect to a 
                                census tract or nonmetropolitan 
                                county described in clause (i), 
                                for a period of not less than 8 
                                years, beginning on the date 
                                the military installation 
                                undergoes final closure and 
                                ending on the date the 
                                Administrator makes a final 
                                determination as to whether or 
                                not to implement the applicable 
                                designation described in 
                                subparagraph (A) or (B) in 
                                accordance with the results of 
                                the decennial census conducted 
                                after the area was initially 
                                designated as a base closure 
                                area; and
                                    ``(II) if such area was 
                                treated as a HUBZone at any 
                                time after 2010, until such 
                                time as the Administrator makes 
                                a final determination as to 
                                whether or not to implement the 
                                applicable designation 
                                described in subparagraph (A) 
                                or (B), after the 2020 
                                decennial census.
                            ``(iii) Definitions.--In this 
                        subparagraph:
                                    ``(I) Census tract.--The 
                                term `census tract' means a 
                                census tract delineated by the 
                                United States Bureau of the 
                                Census in the most recent 
                                decennial census that is not 
                                located in a nonmetropolitan 
                                county and does not otherwise 
                                qualify as a qualified census 
                                tract.
                                    ``(II) Nonmetropolitan 
                                county.--The term 
                                `nonmetropolitan county' means 
                                a county that was not located 
                                in a metropolitan statistical 
                                area (as defined in section 
                                143(k)(2)(B) of the Internal 
                                Revenue Code of 1986) at the 
                                time of the most recent census 
                                taken for purposes of selecting 
                                qualified census tracts and 
                                does not otherwise qualify as a 
                                qualified nonmetropolitan 
                                county.''; and
                    (B) by adding at the end the following new 
                subparagraph:
                    ``(E) Qualified disaster area.--
                            ``(i) In general.--Subject to 
                        clause (ii), the term `qualified 
                        disaster area' means any census tract 
                        or nonmetropolitan county located in an 
                        area for which the President has 
                        declared a major disaster under section 
                        401 of the Robert T. Stafford Disaster 
                        Relief and Emergency Assistance Act (42 
                        U.S.C. 5170) or located in an area in 
                        which a catastrophic incident has 
                        occurred if such census tract or 
                        nonmetropolitan county ceased to be 
                        qualified under subparagraph (A) or 
                        (B), as applicable, during the period 
                        beginning 5 years before the date on 
                        which the President declared the major 
                        disaster or the catastrophic incident 
                        occurred and ending 2 years after such 
                        date, except that such census tract or 
                        nonmetropolitan county may be a 
                        `qualified disaster area' only--
                                    ``(I) in the case of a 
                                major disaster declared by the 
                                President, during the 5-year 
                                period beginning on the date on 
                                which the President declared 
                                the major disaster for the area 
                                in which the census tract or 
                                nonmetropolitan county, as 
                                applicable, is located; and
                                    ``(II) in the case of a 
                                catastrophic incident, during 
                                the 10-year period beginning on 
                                the date on which the 
                                catastrophic incident occurred 
                                in the area in which the census 
                                tract or nonmetropolitan 
                                county, as applicable, is 
                                located.
                            ``(ii) Limitation.--A qualified 
                        disaster area described in clause (i) 
                        shall be treated as a HUBZone for a 
                        period of not less than 8 years, 
                        beginning on the date the Administrator 
                        makes a final determination as to 
                        whether or not to implement the 
                        designations described in subparagraphs 
                        (A) and (B) in accordance with the 
                        results of the decennial census 
                        conducted after the area was initially 
                        designated as a qualified disaster 
                        area.''; and
            (4) in paragraph (5)(A)(i)(I)--
                    (A) in item (aa)--
                            (i) by striking ``subparagraph (A), 
                        (B), (C), (D), or (E) of paragraph 
                        (3)'' and inserting ``subparagraph (A), 
                        (B), (C), (D), (E), or (F) of paragraph 
                        (3)''; and
                            (ii) by striking ``or'' at the end;
                    (B) by redesignating item (bb) as item 
                (cc); and
                    (C) by inserting after item (aa) the 
                following new item:
                                            ``(bb) pursuant to 
                                        subparagraph (A), (B), 
                                        (C), (D), (E), or (F) 
                                        of paragraph (3), that 
                                        its principal office is 
                                        located within a base 
                                        closure area and that 
                                        not fewer than 35 
                                        percent of its 
                                        employees reside in 
                                        such base closure area 
                                        or in another HUBZone; 
                                        or''.
    (b) Applicability.--The amendments made by subsection 
(a)(3)(B) shall apply to a major disaster declared by the 
President under section 401 of the Robert T. Stafford Disaster 
Relief and Emergency Assistance Act (42 U.S.C. 5170) or a 
catastrophic incident that occurs on or after the date of 
enactment of such subsection.
    (c) Including FEMA in Agencies That May Provide Data for 
HUBZone Program.--Section 31(c)(3) of the Small Business Act 
(15 U.S.C. 657a(c)(3)) is amended by inserting ``the 
Administrator of the Federal Emergency Management Agency,'' 
after ``the Secretary of Labor,''.
    (d) GAO Study of Improvement to Oversight of the HUBZone 
Program.--Not later than 120 days after the date of enactment 
of this Act, the Comptroller General of the United States shall 
complete a study on and submit a report to the Committee on 
Small Business of the House of Representatives and the 
Committee on Small Business and Entrepreneurship of the Senate 
that includes--
            (1) an assessment of the evaluation process, 
        including any weaknesses in the process, used by the 
        Small Business Administration to approve or deny 
        participation in the HUBZone program established under 
        section 31 of the Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 657a);
            (2) an assessment of the oversight of HUBZone 
        program participants by the Small Business 
        Administration, including Administration actions taken 
        to prevent fraud, waste, and abuse; and
            (3) recommendations on how to improve the 
        evaluation process and oversight mechanisms to further 
        reduce fraud, waste, and abuse.

SEC. 867. JOINT VENTURING AND TEAMING.

    (a) Joint Venture Offers for Bundled or Consolidated 
Contracts.--Section 15(e)(4) of the Small Business Act (15 
U.S.C. 644(e)(4)) is amended to read as follows:
            ``(4) Contract teaming.--
                    ``(A) In general.--In the case of a 
                solicitation of offers for a bundled or 
                consolidated contract that is issued by the 
                head of an agency, a small business concern 
                that provides for use of a particular team of 
                subcontractors or a joint venture of small 
                business concerns may submit an offer for the 
                performance of the contract.
                    ``(B) Evaluation of offers.--The head of 
                the agency shall evaluate an offer described in 
                subparagraph (A) in the same manner as other 
                offers, with due consideration to the 
                capabilities of all of the proposed 
                subcontractors or members of the joint venture 
                as follows:
                            ``(i) Teams.--When evaluating an 
                        offer of a small business prime 
                        contractor that includes a proposed 
                        team of small business subcontractors, 
                        the head of the agency shall consider 
                        the capabilities and past performance 
                        of each first tier subcontractor that 
                        is part of the team as the capabilities 
                        and past performance of the small 
                        business prime contractor.
                            ``(ii) Joint ventures.--When 
                        evaluating an offer of a joint venture 
                        of small business concerns, if the 
                        joint venture does not demonstrate 
                        sufficient capabilities or past 
                        performance to be considered for award 
                        of a contract opportunity, the head of 
                        the agency shall consider the 
                        capabilities and past performance of 
                        each member of the joint venture as the 
                        capabilities and past performance of 
                        the joint venture.
                    ``(C) Status as a small business concern.--
                Participation of a small business concern in a 
                team or a joint venture under this paragraph 
                shall not affect the status of that concern as 
                a small business concern for any other 
                purpose.''.
    (b) Team and Joint Ventures Offers for Multiple Award 
Contracts.--Section 15(q)(1) of such Act (15 U.S.C. 644(q)(1)) 
is amended--
            (1) in the heading, by inserting ``and joint 
        venture'' before ``requirements'';
            (2) by striking ``Each Federal agency'' and 
        inserting the following:
                    ``(A) In general.--Each Federal agency''; 
                and
            (3) by adding at the end the following new 
        subparagraphs:
                    ``(B) Teams.--When evaluating an offer of a 
                small business prime contractor that includes a 
                proposed team of small business subcontractors 
                for any multiple award contract above the 
                substantial bundling threshold of the Federal 
                agency, the head of the agency shall consider 
                the capabilities and past performance of each 
                first tier subcontractor that is part of the 
                team as the capabilities and past performance 
                of the small business prime contractor.
                    ``(C) Joint ventures.--When evaluating an 
                offer of a joint venture of small business 
                concerns for any multiple award contract above 
                the substantial bundling threshold of the 
                Federal agency, if the joint venture does not 
                demonstrate sufficient capabilities or past 
                performance to be considered for award of a 
                contract opportunity, the head of the agency 
                shall consider the capabilities and past 
                performance of each member of the joint venture 
                as the capabilities and past performance of the 
                joint venture.''.

SEC. 868. MODIFICATION TO AND SCORECARD PROGRAM FOR SMALL BUSINESS 
                    CONTRACTING GOALS.

    (a) Amendment to Governmentwide Goal for Small Business 
Participation in Procurement Contracts.--Section 15(g)(1)(A)(i) 
of the Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 644(g)(1)(A)(i)) is 
amended by adding at the end the following: ``In meeting this 
goal, the Government shall ensure the participation of small 
business concerns from a wide variety of industries and from a 
broad spectrum of small business concerns within each 
industry.''.
    (b) Scorecard Program for Evaluating Federal Agency 
Compliance With Small Business Contracting Goals.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than September 30, 2016, 
        the Administrator of the Small Business Administration, 
        in consultation with the Federal agencies, shall--
                    (A) develop a methodology for calculating a 
                score to be used to evaluate the compliance of 
                each Federal agency with meeting the goals 
                established pursuant to section 15(g)(1)(B) of 
                the Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 644(g)(1)(B)) 
                based on each such goal; and
                    (B) develop a scorecard based on such 
                methodology.
            (2) Use of scorecard.--Beginning in fiscal year 
        2017, the Administrator shall establish and carry out a 
        program to use the scorecard developed under paragraph 
        (1) to evaluate whether each Federal agency is creating 
        the maximum practicable opportunities for the award of 
        prime contracts and subcontracts to small business 
        concerns, small business concerns owned and controlled 
        by service-disabled veterans, qualified HUBZone small 
        business concerns, small business concerns owned and 
        controlled by socially and economically disadvantaged 
        individuals, and small business concerns owned and 
        controlled by women, by assigning a score to each 
        Federal agency for the previous fiscal year.
            (3) Contents of scorecard.--The scorecard developed 
        under paragraph (1) shall include, for each Federal 
        agency, the following information:
                    (A) A determination of whether the Federal 
                agency met each of the prime contract goals 
                established pursuant to section 15(g)(1)(B) of 
                the Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 644(g)(1)(B)) 
                with respect to small business concerns, small 
                business concerns owned and controlled by 
                service-disabled veterans, qualified HUBZone 
                small business concerns, small business 
                concerns owned and controlled by socially and 
                economically disadvantaged individuals, and 
                small business concerns owned and controlled by 
                women.
                    (B) A determination of whether the Federal 
                agency met each of the subcontract goals 
                established pursuant to such section with 
                respect to small business concerns, small 
                business concerns owned and controlled by 
                service-disabled veterans, qualified HUBZone 
                small business concerns, small business 
                concerns owned and controlled by socially and 
                economically disadvantaged individuals, and 
                small business concerns owned and controlled by 
                women.
                    (C) The number of small business concerns, 
                small business concerns owned and controlled by 
                service-disabled veterans, qualified HUBZone 
                small business concerns, small business 
                concerns owned and controlled by socially and 
                economically disadvantaged individuals, and 
                small business concerns owned and controlled by 
                women awarded prime contracts in each North 
                American Industry Classification System code 
                during the fiscal year and a comparison to the 
                number of awarded contracts during the prior 
                fiscal year, if available.
                    (D) The number of small business concerns, 
                small business concerns owned and controlled by 
                service-disabled veterans, qualified HUBZone 
                small business concerns, small business 
                concerns owned and controlled by socially and 
                economically disadvantaged individuals, and 
                small business concerns owned and controlled by 
                women awarded subcontracts in each North 
                American Industry Classification System code 
                during the fiscal year and a comparison to the 
                number of awarded subcontracts during the prior 
                fiscal year, if available.
                    (E) Any other factors that the 
                Administrator deems important to achieve the 
                maximum practicable utilization of small 
                business concerns, small business concerns 
                owned and controlled by service-disabled 
                veterans, qualified HUBZone small business 
                concerns, small business concerns owned and 
                controlled by socially and economically 
                disadvantaged individuals, and small business 
                concerns owned and controlled by women.
            (4) Weighted factors.--In using the scorecard to 
        evaluate and assign a score to a Federal agency, the 
        Administrator shall base--
                    (A) fifty percent of the score on the 
                dollar value of prime contracts described in 
                paragraph (3)(A); and
                    (B) fifty percent of the score on the 
                information provided in subparagraphs (B) 
                through (E) of paragraph (3), weighted in a 
                manner determined by the Administrator to 
                encourage the maximum practicable opportunity 
                for the award of prime contracts and 
                subcontracts to small business concerns, small 
                business concerns owned and controlled by 
                service-disabled veterans, qualified HUBZone 
                small business concerns, small business 
                concerns owned and controlled by socially and 
                economically disadvantaged individuals, and 
                small business concerns owned and controlled by 
                women.
            (5) Publication.--The scorecard used by the 
        Administrator under this subsection shall be submitted 
        to the President and Congress along with the report 
        submitted under section 15(h)(2) of the Small Business 
        Act (15 U.S.C. 644(h)(2)).
            (6) Report.--After the Administrator uses the 
        scorecard for fiscal year 2018 to assign scores to 
        Federal agencies, but not later than March 31, 2019, 
        the Administrator shall submit a report to the 
        Committee on Small Business of the House of 
        Representatives and the Committee on Small Business and 
        Entrepreneurship of the Senate. Such report shall 
        include the following:
                    (A) A description of any increase in the 
                dollar amount of prime contracts and 
                subcontracts awarded to small business 
                concerns, small business concerns owned and 
                controlled by service-disabled veterans, 
                qualified HUBZone small business concerns, 
                small business concerns owned and controlled by 
                socially and economically disadvantaged 
                individuals, and small business concerns owned 
                and controlled by women.
                    (B) A description of any increase in the 
                dollar amount of prime contracts and 
                subcontracts, and the total number of 
                contracts, awarded to small business concerns, 
                small business concerns owned and controlled by 
                service-disabled veterans, qualified HUBZone 
                small business concerns, small business 
                concerns owned and controlled by socially and 
                economically disadvantaged individuals, and 
                small business concerns owned and controlled by 
                women in each North American Industry 
                Classification System code.
                    (C) The recommendation of the Administrator 
                on continuing, modifying, expanding, or 
                terminating the program established under this 
                subsection.
            (7) GAO report on scorecard methodology.--Not later 
        than September 30, 2018, the Comptroller General of the 
        United States shall submit to the Committee on Small 
        Business of the House of Representatives and the 
        Committee on Small Business and Entrepreneurship of the 
        Senate a report that--
                    (A) evaluates whether the methodology used 
                to calculate a score under this subsection 
                accurately and effectively--
                            (i) measures the compliance of each 
                        Federal agency with meeting the goals 
                        established pursuant to section 
                        15(g)(1)(B) of the Small Business Act 
                        (15 U.S.C. 644(g)(1)(B)); and
                            (ii) encourages Federal agencies to 
                        expand opportunities for small business 
                        concerns, small business concerns owned 
                        and controlled by service-disabled 
                        veterans, qualified HUBZone small 
                        business concerns, small business 
                        concerns owned and controlled by 
                        socially and economically disadvantaged 
                        individuals, and small business 
                        concerns owned and controlled by women 
                        to compete for and be awarded Federal 
                        procurement contracts across North 
                        American Industry Classification System 
                        codes; and
                    (B) if warranted, makes recommendations on 
                how to improve such methodology to improve its 
                accuracy and effectiveness.
            (8) Definitions.--In this subsection:
                    (A) Administrator.--The term 
                ``Administrator'' means the Administrator of 
                the Small Business Administration.
                    (B) Federal agency.--The term ``Federal 
                agency'' has the meaning given the term 
                ``agency'' by section 551(1) of title 5, United 
                States Code, but does not include the United 
                States Postal Service or the Government 
                Accountability Office.
                    (C) Scorecard.--The term ``scorecard'' 
                shall mean any summary using a rating system to 
                evaluate a Federal agency's efforts to meet 
                goals established under section 15(g)(1)(B) of 
                the Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 644(g)(1)(B)) 
                that--
                            (i) includes the measures described 
                        in paragraph (3); and
                            (ii) assigns a score to each 
                        Federal agency evaluated.
                    (D) Small business act definitions.--
                            (i) In general.--The terms ``small 
                        business concern'', ``small business 
                        concern owned and controlled by 
                        service-disabled veterans'', 
                        ``qualified HUBZone small business 
                        concern'', and ``small business concern 
                        owned and controlled by women'' have 
                        the meanings given such terms under 
                        section 3 of the Small Business Act (15 
                        U.S.C. 632).
                            (ii) Small business concerns owned 
                        and controlled by socially and 
                        economically disadvantaged 
                        individuals.--The term ``small business 
                        concern owned and controlled by 
                        socially and economically disadvantaged 
                        individuals'' has the meaning given 
                        that term under section 8(d)(3)(C) of 
                        the Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 
                        637(d)(3)(C)).

SEC. 869. ESTABLISHMENT OF AN OFFICE OF HEARINGS AND APPEALS IN THE 
                    SMALL BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION; PETITIONS FOR 
                    RECONSIDERATION OF SIZE STANDARDS.

    (a) Establishment of an Office of Hearings and Appeals in 
the Small Business Administration.--
            (1) In general.--Section 5 of the Small Business 
        Act (15 U.S.C. 634) is amended by adding at the end the 
        following new subsection:
    ``(i) Office of Hearings and Appeals.--
            ``(1) Establishment.--
                    ``(A) Office.--There is established in the 
                Administration an Office of Hearings and 
                Appeals--
                            ``(i) to impartially decide matters 
                        relating to program decisions of the 
                        Administrator--
                                    ``(I) for which Congress 
                                requires a hearing on the 
                                record; or
                                    ``(II) that the 
                                Administrator designates for 
                                hearing by regulation; and
                            ``(ii) which shall contain the 
                        office of the Administration that 
                        handles requests submitted pursuant to 
                        sections 552 of title 5, United States 
                        Code (commonly referred to as the 
                        `Freedom of Information Act') and 
                        maintains records pursuant to section 
                        552a of title 5, United States Code 
                        (commonly referred to as the `Privacy 
                        Act of 1974').
                    ``(B) Jurisdiction.--The Office of Hearings 
                and Appeals shall only hear appeals of matters 
                as described in this Act, the Small Business 
                Investment Act of 1958 (15 U.S.C. 661 et seq.), 
                and title 13 of the Code of Federal 
                Regulations.
                    ``(C) Associate administrator.--The head of 
                the Office of Hearings and Appeals shall be the 
                Chief Hearing Officer appointed under section 
                4(b)(1), who shall be responsible to the 
                Administrator.
            ``(2) Chief hearing officer duties.--
                    ``(A) In general.--The Chief Hearing 
                Officer shall--
                            ``(i) be a career appointee in the 
                        Senior Executive Service and an 
                        attorney licensed by a State, 
                        commonwealth, territory or possession 
                        of the United States, or the District 
                        of Columbia; and
                            ``(ii) be responsible for the 
                        operation and management of the Office 
                        of Hearings and Appeals.
                    ``(B) Alternative dispute resolution.--The 
                Chief Hearing Officer may assign a matter for 
                mediation or other means of alternative dispute 
                resolution.
            ``(3) Hearing officers.--
                    ``(A) In general.--The Office of Hearings 
                and Appeals shall appoint Hearing Officers to 
                carry out the duties described in paragraph 
                (1)(A)(i).
                    ``(B) Conditions of employment.--A Hearing 
                Officer appointed under this paragraph--
                            ``(i) shall serve in the excepted 
                        service as an employee of the 
                        Administration under section 2103 of 
                        title 5, United States Code, and under 
                        the supervision of the Chief Hearing 
                        Officer;
                            ``(ii) shall be classified at a 
                        position to which section 5376 of title 
                        5, United States Code, applies; and
                            ``(iii) shall be compensated at a 
                        rate not exceeding the maximum rate 
                        payable under such section.
                    ``(C) Authority; powers.--Notwithstanding 
                section 556(b) of title 5, United States Code--
                            ``(i) a Hearing Officer may hear 
                        cases arising under section 554 of such 
                        title;
                            ``(ii) a Hearing Officer shall have 
                        the powers described in section 556(c) 
                        of such title; and
                            ``(iii) the relevant provisions of 
                        subchapter II of chapter 5 of such 
                        title (except for section 556(b) of 
                        such title) shall apply to such Hearing 
                        Officer.
                    ``(D) Treatment of current personnel.--An 
                individual serving as a Judge in the Office of 
                Hearings and Appeals (as that position and 
                office are designated in section 134.101 of 
                title 13, Code of Federal Regulations) on the 
                effective date of this subsection shall be 
                considered as qualified to be, and redesignated 
                as, a Hearing Officer.
            ``(4) Hearing officer defined.--In this subsection, 
        the term `Hearing Officer' means an individual 
        appointed or redesignated under this subsection who is 
        an attorney licensed by a State, commonwealth, 
        territory or possession of the United States, or the 
        District of Columbia.''.
            (2) Associate administrator as chief hearing 
        officer.--Section 4(b)(1) of such Act (15 U.S.C. 
        633(b)) is amended by adding at the end the following: 
        ``One such Associate Administrator shall be the Chief 
        Hearing Officer, who shall administer the Office of 
        Hearings and Appeals established under section 5(i).''.
            (3) Repeal of regulation.--Section 134.102(t) of 
        title 13, Code of Federal Regulations, as in effect on 
        January 1, 2015 (relating to types of hearings within 
        the jurisdiction of the Office of Hearings and 
        Appeals), shall have no force or effect.
    (b) Petitions for Reconsideration of Size Standards for 
Small Business Concerns.--Section 3(a) of the Small Business 
Act (15 U.S.C. 632(a)) is amended by adding at the end the 
following:
            ``(9) Petitions for reconsideration of size 
        standards.--
                    ``(A) In general.--A person may file a 
                petition for reconsideration with the Office of 
                Hearings and Appeals (as established under 
                section 5(i)) of a size standard revised, 
                modified, or established by the Administrator 
                pursuant to this subsection.
                    ``(B) Time limit.--A person filing a 
                petition for reconsideration described in 
                subparagraph (A) shall file such petition not 
                later than 30 days after the publication in the 
                Federal Register of the notice of final rule to 
                revise, modify, or establish size standards 
                described in paragraph (6).
                    ``(C) Process for agency review.--The 
                Office of Hearings and Appeals shall use the 
                same process it uses to decide challenges to 
                the size of a small business concern to decide 
                a petition for review pursuant to this 
                paragraph.
                    ``(D) Judicial review.--The publication of 
                a final rule in the Federal Register described 
                in subparagraph (B) shall be considered final 
                agency action for purposes of seeking judicial 
                review. Filing a petition for reconsideration 
                under subparagraph (A) shall not be a condition 
                precedent to judicial review of any such size 
                standard.''.

SEC. 870. ADDITIONAL DUTIES OF THE DIRECTOR OF SMALL AND DISADVANTAGED 
                    BUSINESS UTILIZATION.

    Section 15(k) of the Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 644(k)) 
is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (15), by striking ``; and'' and 
        inserting a semicolon;
            (2) in paragraph (16)(C), by striking the period at 
        the end and inserting ``; and''; and
            (3) by inserting after paragraph (16) the following 
        new paragraph:
            ``(17) shall, when notified by a small business 
        concern prior to the award of a contract that the small 
        business concern believes that a solicitation, request 
        for proposal, or request for quotation unduly restricts 
        the ability of the small business concern to compete 
        for the award--
                    ``(A) submit the notice of the small 
                business concern to the contracting officer 
                and, if necessary, recommend ways in which the 
                solicitation, request for proposal, or request 
                for quotation may be altered to increase the 
                opportunity for competition;
                    ``(B) inform the advocate for competition 
                of such agency (as established under section 
                1705 of title 41, United States Code, or 
                section 2318 of title 10, United States Code) 
                of such notice; and
                    ``(C) ensure that the small business 
                concern is aware of other resources and 
                processes available to address unduly 
                restrictive provisions in a solicitation, 
                request for proposal, or request for quotation, 
                even if such resources and processes are 
                provided by such agency, the Administration, 
                the Comptroller General, or a procurement 
                technical assistance program established under 
                chapter 142 of title 10, United States Code.''.

SEC. 871. INCLUDING SUBCONTRACTING GOALS IN AGENCY RESPONSIBILITIES.

    Section 1633(b) of the National Defense Authorization Act 
for Fiscal Year 2013 (Public Law 112-239; 126 Stat. 2076; 15 
U.S.C. 631 note) is amended by striking ``assume responsibility 
for of the agency's success in achieving small business 
contracting goals and percentages'' and inserting ``assume 
responsibility for the agency's success in achieving each of 
the small business prime contracting and subcontracting goals 
and percentages''.

SEC. 872. REPORTING RELATED TO FAILURE OF CONTRACTORS TO MEET GOALS 
                    UNDER NEGOTIATED COMPREHENSIVE SMALL BUSINESS 
                    SUBCONTRACTING PLANS.

    Paragraph (2) of section 834(d) of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Years 1990 and 1991 (15 U.S.C. 637 
note), as added by section 821(d)(2) of the Carl Levin and 
Howard P. ``Buck'' McKeon National Defense Authorization Act 
for Fiscal Year 2015 (Public Law 113-291; 128 Stat. 3434), is 
amended by striking ``may not negotiate'' and all that follows 
through the period at the end and inserting ``shall report to 
Congress on any negotiated comprehensive subcontracting plan 
that the Secretary determines did not meet the subcontracting 
goals negotiated in the plan for the prior fiscal year.''.

SEC. 873. PILOT PROGRAM FOR STREAMLINING AWARDS FOR INNOVATIVE 
                    TECHNOLOGY PROJECTS.

    (a) Exception From Certified Cost and Pricing Data 
Requirements.--The requirements under section 2306a(a) of title 
10, United States Code, shall not apply to a contract, 
subcontract, or modification of a contract or subcontract 
valued at less than $7,500,000 awarded to a small business or 
nontraditional defense contractor pursuant to--
            (1) a technical, merit-based selection procedure, 
        such as a broad agency announcement, or
            (2) the Small Business Innovation Research Program,
unless the head of the agency determines that submission of 
cost and pricing data should be required based on past 
performance of the specific small business or nontraditional 
defense contractor, or based on analysis of other information 
specific to the award.
    (b) Exception From Records Examination Requirement.--The 
requirements under subsection (b) of section 2313 of title 10, 
United States Code, shall not apply to a contract valued at 
less than $7,500,000 awarded to a small business or 
nontraditional defense contractor pursuant to--
            (1) a technical, merit-based selection procedure, 
        such as a broad agency announcement, or
            (2) the Small Business Innovation Research Program,
unless the head of the agency determines that auditing of 
records should be required based on past performance of the 
specific small business or nontraditional defense contractor, 
or based on analysis of other information specific to the 
award.
    (c) Sunset.--The exceptions under subsections (a) and (b) 
shall terminate on October 1, 2020.
    (d) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) Small business.--The term ``small business'' 
        has the meaning given the term ``small business 
        concern'' under section 3 of the Small Business Act (15 
        U.S.C. 632).
            (2) Nontraditional defense contractor.--The term 
        ``nontraditional defense contractor'' has the meaning 
        given that term in section 2302(9) of title 10, United 
        States Code.
    (e) Small Business Innovation Research Program 
Administrative Fee Extension.--Section 9(mm)(1) of the Small 
Business Act (15 U.S.C. 638(mm)(1)) is amended by striking ``, 
for the 3 fiscal years beginning after the date of enactment of 
this subsection,'' and inserting ``and until September 30, 
2017,''.

SEC. 874. SURETY BOND REQUIREMENTS AND AMOUNT OF GUARANTEE.

    (a) Surety Bond Requirements.--Chapter 93 of subtitle VI of 
title 31, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) by adding at the end the following:

``Sec. 9310. Individual sureties

    ``If another applicable Federal law or regulation permits 
the acceptance of a bond from a surety that is not subject to 
sections 9305 and 9306 and is based on a pledge of assets by 
the surety, the assets pledged by such surety shall--
            ``(1) consist of eligible obligations described 
        under section 9303(a); and
            ``(2) be submitted to the official of the 
        Government required to approve or accept the bond, who 
        shall deposit the obligations as described under 
        section 9303(b).''; and
            (2) in the table of contents for such chapter, by 
        adding at the end the following:

``9310. Individual sureties.''.
    (b) Amount of Surety Bond Guarantee From Small Business 
Administration.--Section 411(c)(1) of the Small Business 
Investment Act of 1958 (15 U.S.C. 694b(c)(1)) is amended by 
striking ``70'' and inserting ``90''.
    (c) Effective Date.--The amendments made by this section 
shall take effect 1 year after the date of the enactment of 
this Act.

SEC. 875. REVIEW OF GOVERNMENT ACCESS TO INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY RIGHTS 
                    OF PRIVATE SECTOR FIRMS.

    (a) Review Required.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than 30 days after the 
        date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of 
        Defense shall enter into a contract with an independent 
        entity with appropriate expertise to conduct a review 
        of--
                    (A) Department of Defense regulations, 
                practices, and sustainment requirements related 
                to Government access to and use of intellectual 
                property rights of private sector firms; and
                    (B) Department of Defense practices related 
                to the procurement, management, and use of 
                intellectual property rights to facilitate 
                competition in sustainment of weapon systems 
                throughout their life-cycle.
            (2) Consultation required.--The contract shall 
        require that in conducting the review, the independent 
        entity shall consult with the National Defense 
        Technology and Industrial Base Council (described in 
        section 2502 of title 10, United States Code) and each 
        Center of Industrial and Technical Excellence 
        (described in section 2474 of title 10, United States 
        Code).
    (b) Report.--Not later than March 1, 2016, the Secretary 
shall submit to the congressional defense committees a report 
on the findings of the independent entity, along with a 
description of any actions that the Secretary proposes to 
revise and clarify laws or that the Secretary may take to 
revise or clarify regulations related to intellectual property 
rights.

SEC. 876. INCLUSION IN ANNUAL TECHNOLOGY AND INDUSTRIAL CAPABILITY 
                    ASSESSMENTS OF A DETERMINATION ABOUT DEFENSE 
                    ACQUISITION PROGRAM REQUIREMENTS.

    Section 2505(b) of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended--
            (1) by redesignating paragraphs (3) and (4) as 
        paragraphs (5) and (6), respectively; and
            (2) by inserting after paragraph (2) the following 
        new paragraphs (3) and (4):
            ``(3) determine the extent to which the 
        requirements associated with defense acquisition 
        programs can be satisfied by the present and projected 
        performance capacities of industries supporting the 
        sectors or capabilities in the assessment, evaluate the 
        reasons for any variance from applicable preceding 
        determinations, and identify the extent to which those 
        industries are comprised of only one potential source 
        in the national technology and industrial base or have 
        multiple potential sources;
            ``(4) determine the extent to which the 
        requirements associated with defense acquisition 
        programs can be satisfied by the present and projected 
        performance capacities of industries that do not 
        actively support Department of Defense acquisition 
        programs and identify the barriers to the participation 
        of those industries;''.

                       Subtitle G--Other Matters

SEC. 881. CONSIDERATION OF POTENTIAL PROGRAM COST INCREASES AND 
                    SCHEDULE DELAYS RESULTING FROM OVERSIGHT OF DEFENSE 
                    ACQUISITION PROGRAMS.

    (a) Avoidance of Unnecessary Cost Increases and Schedule 
Delays.--The Director of Operational Test and Evaluation, the 
Deputy Chief Management Officer, the Director of the Defense 
Contract Management Agency, the Director of the Defense 
Contract Audit Agency, the Inspector General of the Department 
of Defense, and the heads of other defense audit, testing, 
acquisition, and management agencies shall ensure that 
policies, procedures, and activities implemented by their 
offices and agencies in connection with defense acquisition 
program oversight do not result in unnecessary increases in 
program costs or cost estimates or delays in schedule or 
schedule estimates.
    (b) Consideration of Private Sector Best Practices.--In 
considering potential cost increases and schedule delays as a 
result of oversight efforts pursuant to subsection (a), the 
officials described in such subsection shall consider private 
sector best practices with respect to oversight implementation.

SEC. 882. EXAMINATION AND GUIDANCE RELATING TO OVERSIGHT AND APPROVAL 
                    OF SERVICES CONTRACTS.

    Not later than March 1, 2016, the Under Secretary of 
Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics shall--
            (1) complete an examination of the decision 
        authority related to acquisition of services; and
            (2) develop and issue guidance to improve 
        capabilities and processes related to requirements 
        development and source selection for, and oversight and 
        management of, services contracts.

SEC. 883. STREAMLINING OF REQUIREMENTS RELATING TO DEFENSE BUSINESS 
                    SYSTEMS.

    (a) In General.--
            (1) Revision.--Section 2222 of title 10, United 
        States Code, is amended to read as follows:

``Sec. 2222. Defense business systems: business process reengineering; 
                    enterprise architecture; management

    ``(a) Defense Business Processes Generally.--The Secretary 
of Defense shall ensure that defense business processes are 
reviewed, and as appropriate revised, through business process 
reengineering to match best commercial practices, to the 
maximum extent practicable, so as to minimize customization of 
commercial business systems.
    ``(b) Defense Business Systems Generally.--The Secretary of 
Defense shall ensure that each covered defense business system 
developed, deployed, and operated by the Department of 
Defense--
            ``(1) supports efficient business processes that 
        have been reviewed, and as appropriate revised, through 
        business process reengineering;
            ``(2) is integrated into a comprehensive defense 
        business enterprise architecture;
            ``(3) is managed in a manner that provides 
        visibility into, and traceability of, expenditures for 
        the system; and
            ``(4) uses an acquisition and sustainment strategy 
        that prioritizes the use of commercial software and 
        business practices.
    ``(c) Issuance of Guidance.--
            ``(1) Secretary of defense guidance.--The Secretary 
        shall issue guidance to provide for the coordination 
        of, and decision making for, the planning, programming, 
        and control of investments in covered defense business 
        systems.
            ``(2) Supporting guidance.--The Secretary shall 
        direct the Deputy Chief Management Officer of the 
        Department of Defense, the Under Secretary of Defense 
        for Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics, the Chief 
        Information Officer, and the Chief Management Officer 
        of each of the military departments to issue and 
        maintain supporting guidance, as appropriate and within 
        their respective areas of responsibility, for the 
        guidance of the Secretary issued under paragraph (1).
    ``(d) Guidance Elements.--The guidance issued under 
subsection (c)(1) shall include the following elements:
            ``(1) Policy to ensure that the business processes 
        of the Department of Defense are continuously reviewed 
        and revised--
                    ``(A) to implement the most streamlined and 
                efficient business processes practicable; and
                    ``(B) eliminate or reduce the need to 
                tailor commercial off-the-shelf systems to meet 
                or incorporate requirements or interfaces that 
                are unique to the Department of Defense.
            ``(2) A process to establish requirements for 
        covered defense business systems.
            ``(3) Mechanisms for the planning and control of 
        investments in covered defense business systems, 
        including a process for the collection and review of 
        programming and budgeting information for covered 
        defense business systems.
            ``(4) Policy requiring the periodic review of 
        covered defense business systems that have been fully 
        deployed, by portfolio, to ensure that investments in 
        such portfolios are appropriate.
            ``(5) Policy to ensure full consideration of 
        sustainability and technological refreshment 
        requirements, and the appropriate use of open 
        architectures.
            ``(6) Policy to ensure that best acquisition and 
        systems engineering practices are used in the 
        procurement and deployment of commercial systems, 
        modified commercial systems, and defense-unique systems 
        to meet Department of Defense missions.
    ``(e) Defense Business Enterprise Architecture.--
            ``(1) Blueprint.--The Secretary, working through 
        the Deputy Chief Management Officer of the Department 
        of Defense, shall develop and maintain a blueprint to 
        guide the development of integrated business processes 
        within the Department of Defense. Such blueprint shall 
        be known as the `defense business enterprise 
        architecture'.
            ``(2) Purpose.--The defense business enterprise 
        architecture shall be sufficiently defined to 
        effectively guide implementation of interoperable 
        defense business system solutions and shall be 
        consistent with the policies and procedures established 
        by the Director of the Office of Management and Budget.
            ``(3) Elements.--The defense business enterprise 
        architecture shall--
                    ``(A) include policies, procedures, 
                business data standards, business performance 
                measures, and business information requirements 
                that apply uniformly throughout the Department 
                of Defense; and
                    ``(B) enable the Department of Defense to--
                            ``(i) comply with all applicable 
                        law, including Federal accounting, 
                        financial management, and reporting 
                        requirements;
                            ``(ii) routinely produce 
                        verifiable, timely, accurate, and 
                        reliable business and financial 
                        information for management purposes;
                            ``(iii) integrate budget, 
                        accounting, and program information and 
                        systems; and
                            ``(iv) identify whether each 
                        existing business system is a part of 
                        the business systems environment 
                        outlined by the defense business 
                        enterprise architecture, will become a 
                        part of that environment with 
                        appropriate modifications, or is not a 
                        part of that environment.
            ``(4) Integration into information technology 
        architecture.--(A) The defense business enterprise 
        architecture shall be integrated into the information 
        technology enterprise architecture required under 
        subparagraph (B).
            ``(B) The Chief Information Officer of the 
        Department of Defense shall develop an information 
        technology enterprise architecture. The architecture 
        shall describe a plan for improving the information 
        technology and computing infrastructure of the 
        Department of Defense, including for each of the major 
        business processes conducted by the Department of 
        Defense.
    ``(f) Defense Business Council.--
            ``(1) Requirement for council.--The Secretary shall 
        establish a Defense Business Council to provide advice 
        to the Secretary on developing the defense business 
        enterprise architecture, reengineering the Department's 
        business processes, developing and deploying defense 
        business systems, and developing requirements for 
        defense business systems. The Council shall be chaired 
        by the Deputy Chief Management Officer and the Chief 
        Information Officer of the Department of Defense.
            ``(2) Membership.--The membership of the Council 
        shall include the following:
                    ``(A) The Chief Management Officers of the 
                military departments, or their designees.
                    ``(B) The following officials of the 
                Department of Defense, or their designees:
                            ``(i) The Under Secretary of 
                        Defense for Acquisition, Technology, 
                        and Logistics with respect to 
                        acquisition, logistics, and 
                        installations management processes.
                            ``(ii) The Under Secretary of 
                        Defense (Comptroller) with respect to 
                        financial management and planning and 
                        budgeting processes.
                            ``(iii) The Under Secretary of 
                        Defense for Personnel and Readiness 
                        with respect to human resources 
                        management processes.
    ``(g) Approvals Required for Development.--
            ``(1) Initial approval required.--The Secretary 
        shall ensure that a covered defense business system 
        program cannot proceed into development (or, if no 
        development is required, into production or fielding) 
        unless the appropriate approval official (as specified 
        in paragraph (2)) determines that--
                    ``(A) the system has been, or is being, 
                reengineered to be as streamlined and efficient 
                as practicable, and the implementation of the 
                system will maximize the elimination of unique 
                software requirements and unique interfaces;
                    ``(B) the system and business system 
                portfolio are or will be in compliance with the 
                defense business enterprise architecture 
                developed pursuant to subsection (e) or will be 
                in compliance as a result of modifications 
                planned;
                    ``(C) the system has valid, achievable 
                requirements and a viable plan for implementing 
                those requirements (including, as appropriate, 
                market research, business process 
                reengineering, and prototyping activities);
                    ``(D) the system has an acquisition 
                strategy designed to eliminate or reduce the 
                need to tailor commercial off-the-shelf systems 
                to meet unique requirements, incorporate unique 
                requirements, or incorporate unique interfaces 
                to the maximum extent practicable; and
                    ``(E) is in compliance with the 
                Department's auditability requirements.
            ``(2) Appropriate official.--For purposes of 
        paragraph (1), the appropriate approval official with 
        respect to a covered defense business system is the 
        following:
                    ``(A) Except as may be provided in 
                subparagraph (C), in the case of a priority 
                defense business system, the Deputy Chief 
                Management Officer of the Department of 
                Defense.
                    ``(B) Except as may be provided in 
                subparagraph (C), for any defense business 
                system other than a priority defense business 
                system--
                            ``(i) in the case of a system of a 
                        military department, the Chief 
                        Management Officer of that military 
                        department; and
                            ``(ii) in the case of a system of a 
                        Defense Agency or Department of Defense 
                        Field Activity, or a system that will 
                        support the business process of more 
                        than one military department or Defense 
                        Agency or Department of Defense Field 
                        Activity, the Deputy Chief Management 
                        Officer of the Department of Defense.
                    ``(C) In the case of any defense business 
                system, such official other than the applicable 
                official under subparagraph (A) or (B) as the 
                Secretary designates for such purpose.
            ``(3) Annual certification.--For any fiscal year in 
        which funds are expended for development or sustainment 
        pursuant to a covered defense business system program, 
        the appropriate approval official shall review the 
        system and certify, certify with conditions, or decline 
        to certify, as the case may be, that it continues to 
        satisfy the requirements of paragraph (1). If the 
        approval official determines that certification cannot 
        be granted, the approval official shall notify the 
        milestone decision authority for the program and 
        provide a recommendation for corrective action.
            ``(4) Obligation of funds in violation of 
        requirements.--The obligation of Department of Defense 
        funds for a covered defense business system program 
        that has not been certified in accordance with 
        paragraph (3) is a violation of section 1341(a)(1)(A) 
        of title 31.
    ``(h) Responsibility of Milestone Decision Authority.--The 
milestone decision authority for a covered defense business 
system program shall be responsible for the acquisition of such 
system and shall ensure that acquisition process approvals are 
not considered for such system until the relevant 
certifications and approvals have been made under this section.
    ``(i) Definitions.--In this section:
            ``(1)(A) Defense business system.--The term 
        `defense business system' means an information system 
        that is operated by, for, or on behalf of the 
        Department of Defense, including any of the following:
                    ``(i) A financial system.
                    ``(ii) A financial data feeder system.
                    ``(iii) A contracting system.
                    ``(iv) A logistics system.
                    ``(v) A planning and budgeting system.
                    ``(vi) An installations management system.
                    ``(vii) A human resources management 
                system.
                    ``(viii) A training and readiness system.
            ``(B) The term does not include--
                    ``(i) a national security system; or
                    ``(ii) an information system used 
                exclusively by and within the defense 
                commissary system or the exchange system or 
                other instrumentality of the Department of 
                Defense conducted for the morale, welfare, and 
                recreation of members of the armed forces using 
                nonappropriated funds.
            ``(2) Covered defense business system.--The term 
        `covered defense business system' means a defense 
        business system that is expected to have a total amount 
        of budget authority, over the period of the current 
        future-years defense program submitted to Congress 
        under section 221 of this title, in excess of 
        $50,000,000.
            ``(3) Business system portfolio.--The term 
        `business system portfolio' means all business systems 
        performing functions closely related to the functions 
        performed or to be performed by a covered defense 
        business system.
            ``(4) Covered defense business system program.--The 
        term `covered defense business system program' means a 
        defense acquisition program to develop and field a 
        covered defense business system or an increment of a 
        covered defense business system.
            ``(5) Priority defense business system program.--
        The term `priority defense business system' means a 
        defense business system that is--
                    ``(A) expected to have a total amount of 
                budget authority over the period of the current 
                future-years defense program submitted to 
                Congress under section 221 of this title in 
                excess of $250,000,000; or
                    ``(B) designated by the Deputy Chief 
                Management Officer of the Department of Defense 
                as a priority defense business system, based on 
                specific program analyses of factors including 
                complexity, scope, and technical risk, and 
                after notification to Congress of such 
                designation.
            ``(6) Enterprise architecture.--The term 
        `enterprise architecture' has the meaning given that 
        term in section 3601(4) of title 44.
            ``(7) Information system.--The term `information 
        system' has the meaning given that term in section 
        11101 of title 40, United States Code.
            ``(8) National security system.--The term `national 
        security system' has the meaning given that term in 
        section 3552(b)(6)(A) of title 44.
            ``(9) Business process mapping.--The term `business 
        process mapping' means a procedure in which the steps 
        in a business process are clarified and documented in 
        both written form and in a flow chart.''.
            (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at 
        the beginning of such chapter is amended by striking 
        the item relating to section 2222 and inserting the 
        following new item:

``2222. Defense business systems: business process reengineering; 
          enterprise architecture; management.''.
    (b) Deadline for Guidance.--The guidance required by 
subsection (c)(1) of section 2222 of title 10, United States 
Code, as amended by subsection (a)(1), shall be issued not 
later than December 31, 2016.
    (c) Repeal.--Section 811 of the John Warner National 
Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2007 (Public Law 109-
364; 10 U.S.C. 2222 note) is repealed.
    (d) Comptroller General Assessment.--
            (1) Assessment required.--In each odd-numbered 
        year, the Comptroller General of the United States 
        shall submit to the congressional defense committees an 
        assessment of the extent to which the actions taken by 
        the Department of Defense comply with the requirements 
        of section 2222 of title 10, United States Code.
            (2) Repeal of superseded provision.--Subsection (d) 
        of section 332 of the Ronald W. Reagan National Defense 
        Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2005 (Public Law 108-
        375; 118 Stat. 1856) is repealed.
    (e) Guidance on Acquisition of Business Systems.--The 
Secretary of Defense shall issue guidance for major automated 
information systems acquisition programs to promote the use of 
best acquisition, contracting, requirement development, systems 
engineering, program management, and sustainment practices, 
including--
            (1) ensuring that an acquisition program baseline 
        has been established within two years after program 
        initiation;
            (2) ensuring that program requirements have not 
        changed in a manner that increases acquisition costs or 
        delays the schedule, without sufficient cause and only 
        after maximum efforts to reengineer business processes 
        prior to changing requirements;
            (3) policies to evaluate commercial off-the-shelf 
        business systems for security, resilience, reliability, 
        interoperability, and integration with existing 
        interrelated systems where such system integration and 
        interoperability are essential to Department of Defense 
        operations;
            (4) policies to work with commercial off-the-shelf 
        business system developers and owners in adapting 
        systems for Department of Defense use;
            (5) policies to perform Department of Defense 
        legacy system audits to determine which systems are 
        related to or rely upon the system to be replaced or 
        integrated with commercial off-the-shelf business 
        systems;
            (6) policies to perform full backup of systems that 
        will be changed or replaced by the installation of 
        commercial off-the-shelf business systems prior to 
        installation and deployment to ensure reconstitution of 
        the system to a functioning state should it become 
        necessary;
            (7) policies to engage the research and development 
        activities and laboratories of the Department of 
        Defense to improve acquisition outcomes; and
            (8) policies to refine and improve developmental 
        and operational testing of business processes that are 
        supported by the major automated information systems.

SEC. 884. PROCUREMENT OF PERSONAL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT.

    The Secretary of Defense shall ensure that the Secretaries 
of the Army, Navy, and Air Force, in procuring an item of 
personal protective equipment or a critical safety item, use 
source selection criteria that is predominately based on 
technical qualifications of the item and not predominately 
based on price to the maximum extent practicable if the level 
of quality or failure of the item could result in death or 
severe bodily harm to the user, as determined by the 
Secretaries.

SEC. 885. AMENDMENTS CONCERNING DETECTION AND AVOIDANCE OF COUNTERFEIT 
                    ELECTRONIC PARTS.

    (a) Amendments Related to Contractor Responsibilities.--
Section 818(c)(2)(B) of the National Defense Authorization Act 
for Fiscal Year 2012 (Public Law 112-81; 10 U.S.C. 2302 note) 
is amended--
            (1) in clause (i), by inserting ``electronic'' 
        after ``avoid counterfeit'';
            (2) in clause (ii)--
                    (A) by inserting ``covered'' after 
                ``provided to the''; and
                    (B) by inserting ``or were obtained by the 
                covered contractor in accordance with 
                regulations described in paragraph (3)'' after 
                ``Regulation''; and
            (3) in clause (iii), by inserting ``discovers the 
        counterfeit electronic parts or suspect counterfeit 
        electronic parts and'' after ``contractor''.
    (b) Amendments Related to Trusted Suppliers.--Section 
818(c)(3)(D)(iii) of such Act (Public Law 112-81; 10 U.S.C. 
2302 note) is amended by striking ``review and audit'' and 
inserting ``review, audit, and approval''.

SEC. 886. EXCEPTION FOR ABILITYONE PRODUCTS FROM AUTHORITY TO ACQUIRE 
                    GOODS AND SERVICES MANUFACTURED IN AFGHANISTAN, 
                    CENTRAL ASIAN STATES, AND DJIBOUTI.

    (a) Exclusion of Certain Items Not Manufactured in 
Afghanistan.--Section 886 of the National Defense Authorization 
Act for Fiscal Year 2008 (10 U.S.C. 2302 note) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a), by inserting ``and except as 
        provided in subsection (d),'' after ``subsection 
        (b),''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following new 
        subsection:
    ``(d) Exclusion of Items on the AbilityOne Procurement 
Catalog.--The authority under subsection (a) shall not be 
available for the procurement of any good that is contained in 
the procurement catalog described in section 8503(a) of title 
41, United States Code, in Afghanistan if such good can be 
produced and delivered by a qualified nonprofit agency for the 
blind or a nonprofit agency for other severely disabled in a 
timely fashion to support mission requirements.''.
    (b) Exclusion of Certain Items Not Manufactured in Central 
Asian States.--Section 801 of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2010 (Public Law 111-84; 123 
Stat. 2399) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a), by inserting ``and except as 
        provided in subsection (h),'' after ``subsection 
        (b),''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following new 
        subsection:
    ``(h) Exclusion of Items on the AbilityOne Procurement 
Catalog.--The authority under subsection (a) shall not be 
available for the procurement of any good that is contained in 
the procurement catalog described in section 8503(a) of title 
41, United States Code, if such good can be produced and 
delivered by a qualified nonprofit agency for the blind or a 
nonprofit agency for other severely disabled in a timely 
fashion to support mission requirements.''.
    (c) Exclusion of Certain Items Not Manufactured in 
Djibouti.--Section 1263 of the Carl Levin and Howard P. 
``Buck'' McKeon National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2015 (Public Law 113-291) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (b), by inserting ``and except as 
        provided in subsection (g),'' after ``subsection 
        (c),''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following new 
        subsection:
    ``(g) Exclusion of Items on the AbilityOne Procurement 
Catalog.--The authority under subsection (b) shall not be 
available for the procurement of any good that is contained in 
the procurement catalog described in section 8503(a) of title 
41, United States Code, if such good can be produced and 
delivered by a qualified nonprofit agency for the blind or a 
nonprofit agency for other severely disabled in a timely 
fashion to support mission requirements.''.

SEC. 887. EFFECTIVE COMMUNICATION BETWEEN GOVERNMENT AND INDUSTRY.

    Not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of 
this Act, the Federal Acquisition Regulatory Council shall 
prescribe a regulation making clear that agency acquisition 
personnel are permitted and encouraged to engage in responsible 
and constructive exchanges with industry, so long as those 
exchanges are consistent with existing law and regulation and 
do not promote an unfair competitive advantage to particular 
firms.

SEC. 888. STANDARDS FOR PROCUREMENT OF SECURE INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY 
                    AND CYBER SECURITY SYSTEMS.

    (a) Assessment Required.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
conduct an assessment of the application of the Open Trusted 
Technology Provider Standard or similar public, open technology 
standards to Department of Defense procurements for information 
technology and cyber security acquisitions and provide a 
briefing to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and 
the House of Representatives not later than one year after the 
date of the enactment of this Act.
    (b) Elements.--The assessment and briefing required by 
subsection (a) shall include the following:
            (1) Assessment of the current Open Trusted 
        Technology Provider Standard to determine what aspects 
        might be adopted by the Department of Defense and where 
        additional development of the standard may be required.
            (2) Identification of the types or classes of 
        programs where the standard might be applied most 
        effectively, as well as identification of types or 
        classes of programs that should specifically be 
        excluded from consideration.
            (3) Assessment of the impact on current acquisition 
        regulations or policies of the adoption of the 
        standard.
            (4) Recommendations the Secretary may have related 
        to the adoption of the standard or improvement in the 
        standard to support Department acquisitions.
            (5) Any other matters the Secretary may deem 
        appropriate.

SEC. 889. UNIFIED INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY SERVICES.

    (a) Business Case Analysis.--Not later than one year after 
the date of the enactment of this Act, the Deputy Chief 
Management Officer, the Chief Information Officer of the 
Department of Defense, and the Under Secretary of Defense for 
Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics shall jointly complete a 
business case analysis to determine the most effective and 
efficient way to procure and deploy common information 
technology services.
    (b) Elements.--The business case analysis required by 
subsection (a) shall include an assessment of whether the 
Department of Defense should--
            (1) either--
                    (A) acquire a unified set of commercially 
                provided common or enterprise information 
                technology services, including such services as 
                messaging, collaboration, directory, security, 
                and content delivery; or
                    (B) allow the military departments and 
                other components of the Department to acquire 
                such services separately;
            (2) either--
                    (A) acquire such services from a single 
                provider that bundles all of the services; or
                    (B) require that each common service be 
                independently defined and use open standards to 
                enable continuous adoption of best commercial 
                technology; and
            (3) enable availability of multiple versions of 
        each type of service and application to enable choice 
        and competition while supporting interoperability where 
        necessary.

SEC. 890. CLOUD STRATEGY FOR DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE.

    (a) Cloud Strategy for Secret Internet Protocol Router 
Network.--
            (1) In general.--The Chief Information Officer of 
        the Department of Defense shall, in consultation with 
        the Under Secretary of Defense for Intelligence, the 
        Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, Technology, 
        and Logistics, the Vice Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of 
        Staff, and the chief information officers of the 
        military departments, develop a cloud strategy for the 
        Secret Internet Protocol Router Network (SIPRNet) of 
        the Department.
            (2) Matters addressed.--This strategy required by 
        paragraph (1) shall address the following:
                    (A) Security requirements.
                    (B) The compatibility of applications 
                currently utilized within the Secret Internet 
                Protocol Router Network with a cloud computing 
                environment.
                    (C) How a Secret Internet Protocol Router 
                Network cloud capability should be 
                competitively acquired.
                    (D) How a Secret Internet Protocol Router 
                Network cloud system for the Department would 
                achieve interoperability with the cloud systems 
                of the intelligence community (as defined in 
                section 3 of the National Security Act of 1947 
                (50 U.S.C. 3003)) operating at the security 
                level Sensitive Compartmented Information.
    (b) Pricing Policy and Cost Recovery Process for Certain 
Cloud Services.--The Chief Information Officer shall, in 
consultation with the Under Secretary of Defense for 
Intelligence, develop a consistent pricing policy and cost 
recovery process for the use by Department of Defense 
components of the cloud services provided through the 
Intelligence Community Information Technology Environment.
    (c) Assessment of Feasibility and Advisability of Imposing 
Minimum Standards.--The Chief Information Officer shall assess 
the feasibility and advisability of imposing a minimum set of 
open standards for cloud infrastructure, middle-ware, metadata, 
and application programming interfaces to promote 
interoperability, information sharing, ease of access to data, 
and competition across all of the cloud computing systems and 
services utilized by components of the Department of Defense.

SEC. 891. DEVELOPMENT PERIOD FOR DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE INFORMATION 
                    TECHNOLOGY SYSTEMS.

    (a) Flexible Limitation on Development Period.--Section 
2445b of title 10, United States Code is amended--
            (1) by redesignating subsection (d) as subsection 
        (e); and
            (2) by inserting after subsection (c) the following 
        new subsection:
    ``(d) Time-certain Development.--If an adjustment or 
revision under subsection (c) for a major automated information 
system that is not a national security system provides for a 
period in excess of five years from the time of program 
initiation to the time of a full deployment decision, the 
documents submitted under subsection (a) shall include a 
written determination by the senior Department of Defense 
official responsible for the program justifying the need for 
the longer period.''.
    (b) Repeal of Inconsistent Requirement.--Section 
2445c(c)(2) of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in subparagraph (B), by striking the semicolon 
        at the end and inserting ``; or'';
            (2) in subparagraph (C), by striking ``; or'' and 
        inserting a period; and
            (3) by striking subparagraph (D).

SEC. 892. REVISIONS TO PILOT PROGRAM ON ACQUISITION OF MILITARY PURPOSE 
                    NONDEVELOPMENTAL ITEMS.

    Section 866 of the Ike Skelton National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2011 (Public Law 111-383; 10 
U.S.C. 2302 note) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)(2), by striking ``with 
        nontraditional defense contractors''; and
            (2) in subsection (b)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1), by striking ``awarded 
                using competitive procedures in accordance with 
                chapter 137 of title 10, United States Code''; 
                and
                    (B) in paragraph (2), by striking 
                ``$50,000,000'' and inserting ``$100,000,000''.

SEC. 893. IMPROVED AUDITING OF CONTRACTS.

    (a) Prohibition on Performance of Non-defense Audits by 
DCAA.--
            (1) In general.--Effective on the date of the 
        enactment of this Act, the Defense Contract Audit 
        Agency may not provide audit support for non-Defense 
        Agencies unless the Secretary of Defense certifies that 
        the backlog for incurred cost audits is less than 18 
        months of incurred cost inventory.
            (2) Adjustment in funding for reimbursements from 
        non-defense agencies.--The amount appropriated and 
        otherwise available to the Defense Contract Audit 
        Agency for a fiscal year beginning after September 30, 
        2016, shall be reduced by an amount equivalent to any 
        reimbursements received by the Agency from non-Defense 
        Agencies for audit support provided.
    (b) Amendments to Defense Contract Audit Agency Annual 
Report.--Section 2313a(a) of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended--
            (1) in paragraph (2), by amending subparagraph (D) 
        to read as follows:
                    ``(D) the total costs of sustained or 
                recovered costs both as a total number and as a 
                percentage of questioned costs; and'';
            (2) in paragraph (3), by striking ``; and'' and 
        inserting a semicolon;
            (3) by redesignating paragraph (4) as paragraph 
        (5); and
            (4) by inserting after paragraph (3) the following 
        new paragraph:
            ``(4) a description of outreach actions toward 
        industry to promote more effective use of audit 
        resources; and''.
    (c) Review of Acquisition Oversight and Audits.--
            (1) Review required.--The Secretary of Defense 
        shall review the oversight and audit structure of the 
        Department of Defense with the goals of--
                    (A) enhancing the productivity of oversight 
                and program and contract auditing to avoid 
                duplicative audits; and
                    (B) streamlining of oversight reviews.
            (2) Recommendations.--The Secretary shall ensure 
        streamlined oversight reviews and avoidance of 
        duplicative audits and make recommendations in the 
        report required under paragraph (3) for any necessary 
        changes in law.
            (3) Report.--
                    (A) Not later than one year after the date 
                of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of 
                Defense shall submit to the congressional 
                defense committees a report on actions taken to 
                avoid duplicative audits and streamline 
                oversight reviews.
                    (B) The report required under this 
                paragraph shall include the following elements:
                            (i) A description of actions taken 
                        to avoid duplicative audits and 
                        streamline oversight reviews based on 
                        the review conducted under paragraph 
                        (1).
                            (ii) A comparison of commercial 
                        industry accounting practices, 
                        including requirements under the 
                        Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 (Public Law 
                        107-204; 15 U.S.C. 7201 et seq.), with 
                        the cost accounting standards 
                        prescribed under chapter 15 of title 
                        41, United States Code, to determine if 
                        some portions of cost accounting 
                        standards compliance can be met through 
                        such practices or requirements.
                            (iii) A description of standards of 
                        materiality used by the Defense 
                        Contract Audit Agency and the Inspector 
                        General of the Department of Defense 
                        for defense contract audits.
                            (iv) An estimate of average delay 
                        and range of delays in contract awards 
                        due to the time necessary for the 
                        Defense Contract Audit Agency to 
                        complete pre-award audits.
                            (v) The total costs of sustained or 
                        recovered costs both as a total number 
                        and as a percentage of questioned 
                        costs.
    (d) Incurred Cost Inventory Defined.--In this section, the 
term ``incurred cost inventory'' means the level of contractor 
incurred cost proposals in inventory from prior fiscal years 
that are currently being audited by the Defense Contract Audit 
Agency.

SEC. 894. SENSE OF CONGRESS ON EVALUATION METHOD FOR PROCUREMENT OF 
                    AUDIT OR AUDIT READINESS SERVICES.

    (a) Findings.--Congress finds the following:
            (1) Given the size, scope, and complexity of the 
        Department of Defense, the statutory deadline to 
        establish and maintain auditable financial statements, 
        starting with the fiscal year 2018 financial statement, 
        is one of the more challenging management tasks that 
        has ever faced the Department.
            (2) As the military services have never received a 
        clean opinion on their consolidated financial 
        statements and only recently begun auditing portions of 
        their financial statements, the audits of military 
        service financial statements will also be a complex 
        challenge for companies selected to provide audit 
        services.
            (3) The acquisition of services by the Department 
        abides by many rules and parameters, one of which is 
        the lowest price, technically acceptable (LPTA) 
        evaluation method. LPTA is generally appropriate for 
        commercial or noncomplex services or supplies where the 
        requirement is clearly definable and the risk of 
        unsuccessful contract performance is minimal.
    (b) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress that, 
before using the lowest price, technically acceptable 
evaluation method for the procurement of audit or audit 
readiness services, the Secretary of Defense should establish 
the values and metrics for evaluating companies offering audit 
services, including financial management and audit expertise 
and experience, personnel qualifications and certifications, 
past performance, technology, tools, and size.

SEC. 895. MITIGATING POTENTIAL UNFAIR COMPETITIVE ADVANTAGE OF 
                    TECHNICAL ADVISORS TO ACQUISITION PROGRAMS.

    Not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of 
this Act, the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, 
Technology, and Logistics shall review, and as necessary revise 
or issue, policy guidance pertaining to the identification, 
mitigation, and prevention of potential unfair competitive 
advantage conferred to technical advisors to acquisition 
programs.

SEC. 896. SURVEY ON THE COSTS OF REGULATORY COMPLIANCE.

    (a) Survey.--The Secretary of Defense shall conduct a 
survey of contractors with the highest level of reimbursements 
for cost type contracts with the Department of Defense during 
fiscal year 2014 to estimate industry's cost of regulatory 
compliance (as a percentage of total costs) with Government-
unique acquisition regulations and requirements in the 
categories of quality assurance, accounting and financial 
management, contracting and purchasing, program management, 
engineering, logistics, material management, property 
administration, and other unique requirements not imposed on 
contracts for commercial items.
    (b) Report.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to 
the congressional defense committees a report on the findings 
of the survey conducted under subsection (a). The data received 
as a result of the survey and included in the report shall be 
aggregated to protect against the public release of proprietary 
information.

SEC. 897. TREATMENT OF INTERAGENCY AND STATE AND LOCAL PURCHASES WHEN 
                    THE DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE ACTS AS CONTRACT 
                    INTERMEDIARY FOR THE GENERAL SERVICES 
                    ADMINISTRATION.

    Contracts executed by the Department of Defense as a result 
of the transfer of contracts from the General Services 
Administration or for which the Department serves as an item 
manager for products on behalf of the General Services 
Administration shall not be subject to requirements under 
chapter 148 of title 10, United States Code, to the extent such 
contracts are for purchases of products by other Federal 
agencies or State or local governments.

SEC. 898. COMPETITION FOR RELIGIOUS SERVICES CONTRACTS.

    The Department of Defense may not preclude a non-profit 
organization from competing for a contract for religious 
related services on a United States military installation.

SEC. 899. PILOT PROGRAM REGARDING RISK-BASED CONTRACTING FOR SMALLER 
                    CONTRACT ACTIONS UNDER THE TRUTH IN NEGOTIATIONS 
                    ACT.

    (a) Pilot Program Authorized.--The Secretary of Defense may 
conduct a pilot program to demonstrate the efficacy of using 
risk-based techniques in requiring submission of data on a 
sampling basis for purposes of section 2306a of title 10, 
United States Code (popularly known as the ``Truth in 
Negotiations Act'').
    (b) Increase in Thresholds.--For purposes of a pilot 
program under subsection (a), $5,000,000 shall be the threshold 
applicable to requirements under paragraph (1) of section 
2306a(a) of such title, as follows:
            (1) The requirement under subparagraph (A) of such 
        paragraph to submit cost or pricing data for a prime 
        contract entered into during the pilot program period.
            (2) The requirement under subparagraph (B) of such 
        paragraph to submit cost or pricing data for the change 
        or modification to a prime contract made during the 
        pilot program period.
            (3) The requirement under subparagraph (C) of such 
        paragraph to submit cost or pricing data for a 
        subcontract entered into during the pilot program 
        period.
            (4) The requirement under subparagraph (D) of such 
        paragraph to submit cost or pricing data for the change 
        or modification to a subcontract made during the pilot 
        program period.
    (c) Risk-based Contracting.--
            (1) Authority to require submission of cost or 
        pricing data on below-threshold contracts.--Subject to 
        paragraph (4), when certified cost or pricing data are 
        not required to be submitted pursuant to subsection (b) 
        for a contract or subcontract entered into or modified 
        during the pilot program period, such data may 
        nevertheless be required to be submitted by the head of 
        the procuring activity, if the head of the procuring 
        activity--
                    (A) determines that such data are necessary 
                for the evaluation by the agency of the 
                reasonableness of the price of the contract, 
                subcontract, or modification of a contract or 
                subcontract; or
                    (B) requires the submission of such data in 
                accordance with a risk-based contracting 
                approach established pursuant to paragraph (3).
            (2) Written determination required.--In any case in 
        which the head of the procuring activity requires 
        certified cost or pricing data to be submitted under 
        paragraph (1)(A), the head of the procuring activity 
        shall justify in writing the reason for such 
        requirement.
            (3) Risk-based contracting.--The head of an agency 
        shall establish a risk-based sampling approach under 
        which the submission of certified cost or pricing data 
        may be required for a risk-based sample of contracts, 
        the price of which is expected to exceed $750,000 but 
        not $5,000,000. The authority to require certified cost 
        or pricing data under this paragraph shall not apply to 
        any contract of an offeror that has not been awarded, 
        for at least the one-year period preceding the issuance 
        of a solicitation for the contract, any other contract 
        in excess of $5,000,000 under which the offeror was 
        required to submit certified cost or pricing data under 
        section 2306a of title 10, United States Code.
            (4) Exception.--The head of the procuring activity 
        may not require certified cost or pricing data to be 
        submitted under this subsection for any contract or 
        subcontract, or modification of a contract or 
        subcontract, covered by the exceptions in subparagraph 
        (A) or (B) of section 2306a(b)(1) of title 10, United 
        States Code.
            (5) Delegation of authority prohibited.--The head 
        of a procuring activity may not delegate functions 
        under this subsection.
    (d) Reports.--Not later than January 1, 2017, and January 
1, 2019, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
congressional defense committees a report on activities 
undertaken under this section.
    (e) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) Head of an agency.--The term ``head of an 
        agency'' has the meaning given the term in section 2302 
        of title 10, United States Code.
            (2) Pilot program period.--The term ``pilot program 
        period'' means the period beginning on October 1, 2016, 
        and ending on September 30, 2019.

      TITLE IX--DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE ORGANIZATION AND MANAGEMENT

Sec. 901. Update of statutory specification of functions of the Chairman 
          of the Joint Chiefs of Staff relating to joint force 
          development activities.
Sec. 902. Sense of Congress on the United States Marine Corps.

SEC. 901. UPDATE OF STATUTORY SPECIFICATION OF FUNCTIONS OF THE 
                    CHAIRMAN OF THE JOINT CHIEFS OF STAFF RELATING TO 
                    JOINT FORCE DEVELOPMENT ACTIVITIES.

    Section 153(a)(5) of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended by adding at the end the following new subparagraph:
            ``(F) Advising the Secretary on development of 
        joint command, control, communications, and cyber 
        capability, including integration and interoperability 
        of such capability, through requirements, integrated 
        architectures, data standards, and assessments.''.

SEC. 902. SENSE OF CONGRESS ON THE UNITED STATES MARINE CORPS.

    (a) Findings.--Congress finds the following:
            (1) As senior United States statesman Dr. Henry 
        Kissinger wrote in testimony submitted to the Committee 
        on Armed Services of the Senate on January 29, 2015, 
        ``The United States has not faced a more diverse and 
        complex array of crises since the end of the Second 
        World War.''.
            (2) The rise of non-state forces and near peer 
        competitors has introduced destabilizing pressures 
        around the globe.
            (3) Advances in information and weapons technology 
        have reduced the time available for the United States 
        to prepare for and respond to crises against both known 
        and unknown threats.
            (4) The importance of the maritime domain cannot be 
        overstated. As acknowledged in the March 2015 Navy, 
        Marine Corps, and Coast Guard maritime strategy, ``A 
        Cooperative Strategy for 21st Century Seapower: 
        Forward, Engaged, Ready'': ``Oceans are the lifeblood 
        of the interconnected global community. . . 90 percent 
        of trade by volume travels across the oceans. 
        Approximately 70 percent of the world's population 
        lives within 100 miles of the coastline.''.
            (5) The United States must be prepared to rapidly 
        respond to crises around the world regardless of the 
        nation's fiscal health.
            (6) In this global security environment, it is 
        critical that the nation possess a maritime force whose 
        mission and ethos is readiness--a fight tonight force, 
        forward deployed, that can respond immediately to 
        emergent crises across the full range of military 
        operations around the globe either from the sea or home 
        station.
            (7) The need for such a force was recognized by the 
        82nd Congress during the Korean War, when it mandated a 
        core mission for the nation's leanest force--the Marine 
        Corps--to be most ready when the nation is least ready.
    (b) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress that--
            (1) the Marine Corps, within the Department of the 
        Navy, remain the Nation's expeditionary, crisis 
        response force;
            (2) the need for such a force with such a 
        capability has never been greater; and
            (3) accordingly, in recognition of this need and 
        the wisdom of the 82nd Congress, the 114th Congress 
        reaffirms section 5063 of title 10, United States Code, 
        which states that the Marine Corps--
                    (A) shall--
                            (i) be organized to include not 
                        less than three combat divisions and 
                        three air wings, and such other land 
                        combat, aviation, and other services as 
                        may be organic therein;
                            (ii) be organized, trained, and 
                        equipped to provide fleet marine forces 
                        of combined arms, together with 
                        supporting air components, for service 
                        with the fleet in the seizure or 
                        defense of advanced naval bases and for 
                        the conduct of such land operations as 
                        may be essential to the prosecution of 
                        a naval campaign; and
                            (iii) provide detachments and 
                        organizations for service on armed 
                        vessels of the Navy, provide security 
                        detachments for the protection of naval 
                        property at naval stations and bases, 
                        and perform such other duties as the 
                        President may direct;
                but these additional duties may not detract 
                from nor interfere with the operations for 
                which the Marine Corps is primarily organized;
                    (B) shall develop, in coordination with the 
                Army and the Air Force, those phases of 
                amphibious operations that pertain to the 
                tactics, techniques, and equipment used by 
                landing forces; and
                    (C) is responsible, in accordance with the 
                integrated joint mobilization plans, for the 
                expansion of peacetime components of the Marine 
                Corps to meet the needs of war.

                      TITLE X--GENERAL PROVISIONS

                      Subtitle A--Financial Matters

Sec. 1001. General transfer authority.
Sec. 1002. Accounting standards to value certain property, plant, and 
          equipment items.
Sec. 1003. Report on auditable financial statements.
Sec. 1004. Sense of Congress on sequestration.
Sec. 1005. Annual audit of financial statements of Department of Defense 
          components by independent external auditors.

                   Subtitle B--Counter-Drug Activities

Sec. 1011. Extension of authority to support unified counterdrug and 
          counterterrorism campaign in Colombia.
Sec. 1012. Extension and expansion of authority to provide additional 
          support for counter-drug activities of certain foreign 
          governments.
Sec. 1013. Sense of Congress on Central America.

                 Subtitle C--Naval Vessels and Shipyards

Sec. 1021. Additional information supporting long-range plans for 
          construction of naval vessels.
Sec. 1022. National Sea-Based Deterrence Fund.
Sec. 1023. Extension of authority for reimbursement of expenses for 
          certain Navy mess operations afloat.
Sec. 1024. Availability of funds for retirement or inactivation of 
          Ticonderoga class cruisers or dock landing ships.
Sec. 1025. Limitation on the use of funds for removal of ballistic 
          missile defense capabilities from Ticonderoga class cruisers.
Sec. 1026. Independent assessment of United States Combat Logistic Force 
          requirements.

                      Subtitle D--Counterterrorism

Sec. 1031. Prohibition on use of funds for transfer or release of 
          individuals detained at United States Naval Station, 
          Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, to the United States.
Sec. 1032. Prohibition on use of funds to construct or modify facilities 
          in the United States to house detainees transferred from 
          United States Naval Station, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba.
Sec. 1033. Prohibition on use of funds for transfer or release to 
          certain countries of individuals detained at United States 
          Naval Station, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba.
Sec. 1034. Reenactment and modification of certain prior requirements 
          for certifications relating to transfer of detainees at United 
          States Naval Station, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, to foreign 
          countries and other foreign entities.
Sec. 1035. Comprehensive detention strategy.
Sec. 1036. Prohibition on use of funds for realignment of forces at or 
          closure of United States Naval Station, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba.
Sec. 1037. Report on current detainees at United States Naval Station, 
          Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, determined or assessed to be high risk 
          or medium risk.
Sec. 1038. Reports to Congress on contact between terrorists and 
          individuals formerly detained at United States Naval Station, 
          Guantanamo Bay, Cuba.
Sec. 1039. Inclusion in reports to Congress of information about 
          recidivism of individuals formerly detained at United States 
          Naval Station, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba.
Sec. 1040. Report to Congress on terms of written agreements with 
          foreign countries regarding transfer of detainees at United 
          States Naval Station, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba.
Sec. 1041. Report on use of United States Naval Station, Guantanamo Bay, 
          Cuba, and other Department of Defense or Bureau of Prisons 
          prisons or detention or disciplinary facilities in recruitment 
          or other propaganda of terrorist organizations.
Sec. 1042. Permanent authority to provide rewards through government 
          personnel of allied forces and certain other modifications to 
          Department of Defense program to provide rewards.
Sec. 1043. Sunset on exception to congressional notification of 
          sensitive military operations.
Sec. 1044. Repeal of semiannual reports on obligation and expenditure of 
          funds for the combating terrorism program.
Sec. 1045. Limitation on interrogation techniques.

          Subtitle E--Miscellaneous Authorities and Limitations

Sec. 1051. Department of Defense excess property program.
Sec. 1052. Sale or donation of excess personal property for border 
          security activities.
Sec. 1053. Management of military technicians.
Sec. 1054. Limitation on transfer of certain AH-64 Apache helicopters 
          from Army National Guard to regular Army and related personnel 
          levels.
Sec. 1055. Authority to provide training and support to personnel of 
          foreign ministries of defense.
Sec. 1056. Information operations and engagement technology 
          demonstrations.
Sec. 1057. Prohibition on use of funds for retirement of Helicopter Sea 
          Combat Squadron 84 and 85 aircraft.
Sec. 1058. Limitation on availability of funds for destruction of 
          certain landmines and report on department of defense policy 
          and inventory of anti-personnel landmine munitions.
Sec. 1059. Department of Defense authority to provide assistance to 
          secure the southern land border of the United States.

                     Subtitle F--Studies and Reports

Sec. 1060. Provision of defense planning guidance and contingency 
          planning guidance information to Congress.
Sec. 1061. Expedited meetings of the National Commission on the Future 
          of the Army.
Sec. 1062. Modification of certain reports submitted by Comptroller 
          General of the United States.
Sec. 1063. Report on implementation of the geographically distributed 
          force laydown in the area of responsibility of United States 
          Pacific Command.
Sec. 1064. Independent study of national security strategy formulation 
          process.
Sec. 1065. Report on the status of detection, identification, and 
          disablement capabilities related to remotely piloted aircraft.
Sec. 1066. Report on options to accelerate the training of pilots of 
          remotely piloted aircraft.
Sec. 1067. Studies of fleet platform architectures for the Navy.
Sec. 1068. Report on strategy to protect United States national security 
          interests in the Arctic region.
Sec. 1069. Comptroller General briefing and report on major medical 
          facility projects of Department of Veterans Affairs.
Sec. 1070. Submittal to Congress of munitions assessments.
Sec. 1071. Potential role for United States ground forces in the Western 
          Pacific theater.
Sec. 1072. Repeal or revision of reporting requirements related to 
          military personnel issues.
Sec. 1073. Repeal or revision of reporting requirements relating to 
          readiness.
Sec. 1074. Repeal or revision of reporting requirements related to naval 
          vessels and Merchant Marine.
Sec. 1075. Repeal or revision of reporting requirements related to 
          civilian personnel.
Sec. 1076. Repeal or revision of reporting requirements related to 
          nuclear proliferation and related matters.
Sec. 1077. Repeal or revision of reporting requirements related to 
          acquisition.
Sec. 1078. Repeal or revision of miscellaneous reporting requirements.
Sec. 1079. Repeal of reporting requirements.
Sec. 1080. Termination of requirement for submittal to Congress of 
          reports required of Department of Defense by statute.

                        Subtitle G--Other Matters

Sec. 1081. Technical and clerical amendments.
Sec. 1082. Situations involving bombings of places of public use, 
          Government facilities, public transportation systems, and 
          infrastructure facilities.
Sec. 1083. Executive agent for the oversight and management of 
          alternative compensatory control measures.
Sec. 1084. Navy support of Ocean Research Advisory Panel.
Sec. 1085. Level of readiness of Civil Reserve Air Fleet carriers.
Sec. 1086. Reform and improvement of personnel security, insider threat 
          detection and prevention, and physical security.
Sec. 1087. Transfer of surplus firearms to Corporation for the Promotion 
          of Rifle Practice and Firearms Safety.
Sec. 1088. Modification of requirements for transferring aircraft within 
          the Air Force inventory.
Sec. 1089. Reestablishment of Commission to Assess the Threat to the 
          United States from Electromagnetic Pulse Attack.
Sec. 1090. Mine countermeasures master plan and report.
Sec. 1091. Congressional notification and briefing requirement on 
          ordered evacuations of United States embassies and consulates 
          involving support provided by the Department of Defense.
Sec. 1092. Interagency Hostage Recovery Coordinator.
Sec. 1093. Sense of Congress on the inadvertent transfer of anthrax from 
          the Department of Defense.
Sec. 1094. Modification of certain requirements applicable to major 
          medical facility lease for a Department of Veterans Affairs 
          outpatient clinic in Tulsa, Oklahoma.
Sec. 1095. Authorization of fiscal year 2015 major medical facility 
          projects of the Department of Veterans Affairs.
Sec. 1096. Designation of construction agent for certain construction 
          projects by Department of Veterans Affairs.
Sec. 1097. Department of Defense strategy for countering unconventional 
          warfare.

                     Subtitle A--Financial Matters

SEC. 1001. GENERAL TRANSFER AUTHORITY.

    (a) Authority to Transfer Authorizations.--
            (1) Authority.--Upon determination by the Secretary 
        of Defense that such action is necessary in the 
        national interest, the Secretary may transfer amounts 
        of authorizations made available to the Department of 
        Defense in this division for fiscal year 2016 between 
        any such authorizations for that fiscal year (or any 
        subdivisions thereof). Amounts of authorizations so 
        transferred shall be merged with and be available for 
        the same purposes as the authorization to which 
        transferred.
            (2) Limitation.--Except as provided in paragraph 
        (3), the total amount of authorizations that the 
        Secretary may transfer under the authority of this 
        section may not exceed $4,500,000,000.
            (3) Exception for transfers between military 
        personnel authorizations.--A transfer of funds between 
        military personnel authorizations under title IV shall 
        not be counted toward the dollar limitation in 
        paragraph (2).
    (b) Limitations.--The authority provided by subsection (a) 
to transfer authorizations--
            (1) may only be used to provide authority for items 
        that have a higher priority than the items from which 
        authority is transferred; and
            (2) may not be used to provide authority for an 
        item that has been denied authorization by Congress.
    (c) Effect on Authorization Amounts.--A transfer made from 
one account to another under the authority of this section 
shall be deemed to increase the amount authorized for the 
account to which the amount is transferred by an amount equal 
to the amount transferred.
    (d) Notice to Congress.--The Secretary shall promptly 
notify Congress of each transfer made under subsection (a).

SEC. 1002. ACCOUNTING STANDARDS TO VALUE CERTAIN PROPERTY, PLANT, AND 
                    EQUIPMENT ITEMS.

    (a) Requirement for Certain Accounting Standards.--The 
Secretary of Defense shall work in coordination with the 
Federal Accounting Standards Advisory Board to establish 
accounting standards to value large and unordinary general 
property, plant, and equipment items.
    (b) Deadline.--The accounting standards required by 
subsection (a) shall be established by not later than September 
30, 2017, and be available for use for the full audit on the 
financial statements of the Department of Defense for fiscal 
year 2018, as required by section 1003(a) of the National 
Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014 (Public Law 113-
66; 127 Stat. 842; 10 U.S.C. 2222 note).

SEC. 1003. REPORT ON AUDITABLE FINANCIAL STATEMENTS.

    Not later than 90 days after the date of the enactment of 
this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
congressional defense committees a report ranking all military 
departments and Defense Agencies in order of how advanced they 
are in achieving auditable financial statements as required by 
law. The report should not include information otherwise 
available in other reports to Congress.

SEC. 1004. SENSE OF CONGRESS ON SEQUESTRATION.

    It is the sense of the Congress that--
            (1) the fiscal challenges of the Federal Government 
        are a top priority for Congress, and sequestration--
        non-strategic, across-the-board budget cuts--remains an 
        unreasonable and inadequate budgeting tool to address 
        the deficits and debt of the Federal Government;
            (2) budget caps imposed by the Budget Control Act 
        of 2011 (Public Law 112-25) impose unacceptable 
        limitations on the budget and increase risk to the 
        national security of the United States; and
            (3) the budget caps imposed by the Budget Control 
        Act of 2011 must be modified or eliminated through a 
        bipartisan legislative agreement.

SEC. 1005. ANNUAL AUDIT OF FINANCIAL STATEMENTS OF DEPARTMENT OF 
                    DEFENSE COMPONENTS BY INDEPENDENT EXTERNAL 
                    AUDITORS.

    (a) Audits Required.--For purposes of satisfying the 
requirement under section 3521(e) of title 31, United States 
Code, for audits of financial statements of Department of 
Defense components identified by the Director of the Office of 
Management and Budget under section 3515(c) of such title, the 
Inspector General of the Department of Defense shall obtain 
each year audits of the financial statements of each such 
component by an independent external auditor.
    (b) Selection of Auditors.--The selection of independent 
external auditors for purposes of subsection (a) shall be 
based, among other appropriate criteria, on their 
qualifications, independence, and capacity to conduct audits 
described in subsection (a) in accordance with applicable 
generally accepted government auditing standards. The Inspector 
General shall participate in the selection of the independent 
external auditors.
    (c) Monitoring Audits.--The Inspector General shall monitor 
the conduct of all audits by independent external auditors 
under subsection (a).
    (d) Reports on Audits.--
            (1) In general.--The Inspector General shall 
        require the independent external auditors conducting 
        audits under subsection (a) to submit a report on their 
        audits each year to--
                    (A) the Under Secretary of Defense 
                (Comptroller) as the Chief Financial Officer of 
                the Department of Defense for the purposes of 
                chapter 9 of title 31, United States Code;
                    (B) the Controller of the Office of Federal 
                Financial Management in the Office of 
                Management and Budget; and
                    (C) the appropriate committees of Congress.
            (2) Appropriate committees of congress defined.--In 
        this subsection, the term ``appropriate committees of 
        Congress'' means--
                    (A) the Committee on Armed Services, the 
                Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental 
                Affairs, and the Committee on Appropriations of 
                the Senate; and
                    (B) the Committee on Armed Services, the 
                Committee on Oversight and Government Reform, 
                and the Committee on Appropriations of the 
                House of Representatives.
    (e) Relationship to Existing Law.--The requirements of this 
section--
            (1) shall be implemented in a manner that is 
        consistent with the requirements of section 1008 of the 
        National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2002 
        (Public Law 107-107; 10 U.S.C. 113 note);
            (2) shall not be construed to alter the requirement 
        under section 3521(e) of title 31, United States Code, 
        that the financial statements of the Department of 
        Defense as a whole be audited by the Inspector General 
        or by an independent external auditor, as determined by 
        the Inspector General; and
            (3) shall not be construed to limit or alter the 
        authorities of the Comptroller General of the United 
        States under section 3521(g) of title 31, United States 
        Code.

                  Subtitle B--Counter-Drug Activities

SEC. 1011. EXTENSION OF AUTHORITY TO SUPPORT UNIFIED COUNTERDRUG AND 
                    COUNTERTERRORISM CAMPAIGN IN COLOMBIA.

    (a) Extension of Authority.--Section 1021 of the Ronald W. 
Reagan National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2005 
(Public Law 108-375; 118 Stat. 2042), as most recently amended 
by section 1011(a) of the Carl Levin and Howard P. ``Buck'' 
McKeon National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2015 
(Public Law 113-291; 128 Stat. 3483), is further amended--
            (1) in subsection (a), by striking ``2016'' and 
        inserting ``2017''; and
            (2) in subsection (c), by striking ``2016'' and 
        inserting ``2017''.
    (b) Extension of Annual Notice to Congress on Assistance.--
Section 1011(b) of the Carl Levin and Howard P. ``Buck'' McKeon 
National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2015 is 
amended by striking ``(as amended by subsection (a)) using 
funds available for fiscal year 2015'' and inserting ``using 
funds available for any fiscal year''.

SEC. 1012. EXTENSION AND EXPANSION OF AUTHORITY TO PROVIDE ADDITIONAL 
                    SUPPORT FOR COUNTER-DRUG ACTIVITIES OF CERTAIN 
                    FOREIGN GOVERNMENTS.

    (a) Extension.--Subsection (a)(2) of section 1033 of the 
National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1998 (Public 
Law 105-85; 111 Stat. 1881), as most recently amended by 
section 1013 of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
Fiscal Year 2014 (Public Law 113-66; 127 Stat. 844), is further 
amended by striking ``2016'' and inserting ``2017''.
    (b) Additional Governments Eligible To Receive Support.--
Subsection (b) of such section 1033, as so amended, is further 
amended by adding at the end of the following new paragraphs:
            ``(40) Government of Kenya.
            ``(41) Government of Tanzania.''.
    (c) Report on Use of Authority.--
            (1) Report required.--Not later than 90 days after 
        the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of 
        Defense shall submit to the appropriate committees of 
        Congress a report on the authority to provide 
        additional support for counter-drug activities of 
        foreign governments in section 1033 of the National 
        Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1998.
            (2) Elements.--The report shall include, at a 
        minimum, the following:
                    (A) A description of the use of the 
                authority over time, and of the use of the 
                authority as in effect during fiscal years 2014 
                and 2015.
                    (B) A description of the impetus for the 
                expansion of the countries eligible for 
                assistance under the program.
                    (C) A description of the impetus for the 
                increases over time in the amounts of fund 
                requested for assistance under the program.
                    (D) A description of the processes through 
                which priorities are established for countries 
                and regions to be assisted under the program.
                    (E) An assessment of the advantages and 
                disadvantages of providing assistance under the 
                program on a country-by country basis rather 
                than providing such assistance on a global 
                basis.
                    (F) A description of the funding 
                challenges, if any, associated with providing 
                assistance under the program on a country-by 
                country basis and with providing such 
                assistance on a global basis.
            (3) Appropriate committees of congress defined.--In 
        this subsection, the term ``appropriate committees of 
        Congress'' means--
                    (A) the Committee on Armed Services, the 
                Committee on Foreign Relations, and the 
                Committee on Appropriations of the Senate; and
                    (B) the Committee on Armed Services, the 
                Committee on Foreign Affairs, and the Committee 
                on Appropriations of the House of 
                Representatives.

SEC. 1013. SENSE OF CONGRESS ON CENTRAL AMERICA.

    (a) Findings.--Congress makes the following findings:
            (1) The stability and security of Central American 
        nations have a direct impact on the stability and 
        security of the United States.
            (2) Over the past decade, increased stability and 
        security in the Republic of Colombia has displaced 
        illicit trafficking to Central America, bringing with 
        it increased violence and instability.
            (3) According to the Global Study on Homicide 2013 
        of the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime, four 
        of the top five countries with the highest homicide 
        rates in the world were Central American nations, 
        including Honduras, Belize, El Salvador, and Guatemala.
            (4) In 2014, approximately 65,000 unaccompanied 
        alien children from Central America entered the United 
        States through its southwest border.
            (5) In November 2014, Guatemala, Honduras, and El 
        Salvador announced a Plan for the Alliance for 
        Prosperity of the Northern Triangle, which is a 
        comprehensive approach to address the ongoing violence 
        and instability facing these three nations by 
        stimulating economic opportunities, improving public 
        safety and rule of law, and strengthening institutions 
        to increase trust in the state.
            (6) The United States Government is supportive of 
        the Alliance for Prosperity, and President's strategy 
        for support includes $1,000,000,000 focused on 
        promoting prosperity and regional economic integration, 
        enhancing security, and promoting improved governance.
            (7) The Department of Defense continues to build 
        the capacity of our partners in the region to address 
        their security challenges and confront threats of 
        mutual concern.
    (b) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress that--
            (1) the United States should, to the extent 
        practicable, prioritize efforts to address the 
        threatening levels of violence, instability, illicit 
        trafficking, and transnational organized crime that 
        challenge the sovereignty of Central American nations 
        and the security of the United States; and
            (2) in order to address such issues, the Department 
        of Defense, to the extent practicable, should--
                    (A) increase its operations, as the lead 
                agency of the United States Government, to 
                detect and monitor aerial and maritime illicit 
                trafficking into the United States;
                    (B) increase its efforts to support aerial 
                and maritime illicit trafficking interdiction 
                operations;
                    (C) increase its operations to build the 
                capacity of partner nations in Central America 
                to confront their own security challenges;
                    (D) support interagency programs and 
                activities in Central America addressing 
                instability, including development, education, 
                economic, political, and security challenges; 
                and
                    (E) promote observance of and respect for 
                human rights and fundamental freedoms and 
                respect for civilian control of the military.

                Subtitle C--Naval Vessels and Shipyards

SEC. 1021. ADDITIONAL INFORMATION SUPPORTING LONG-RANGE PLANS FOR 
                    CONSTRUCTION OF NAVAL VESSELS.

    Section 231(b)(2)(C) of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended by inserting ``by ship class in both graphical and 
tabular form'' after ``The estimated levels of annual 
funding''.

SEC. 1022. NATIONAL SEA-BASED DETERRENCE FUND.

    (a) Enhancement of Authority of Secretary of Navy to Use 
National Sea-Based Deterrence Fund.--Section 2218a of title 10, 
United States Code, is amended--
            (1) by redesignating subsections (f) and (g) as 
        subsections (i) and (j), respectively; and
            (2) by inserting after subsection (e) the following 
        new subsections:
    ``(f) Authority to Enter Into Economic Order Quantity 
Contracts.--(1) The Secretary of the Navy may use funds 
deposited in the Fund to enter into contracts known as 
`economic order quantity contracts' with private shipyards and 
other commercial or government entities to achieve economic 
efficiencies based on production economies for major components 
or subsystems. The authority under this subsection extends to 
the procurement of parts, components, and systems (including 
weapon systems) common with and required for other nuclear 
powered vessels under joint economic order quantity contracts.
    ``(2) A contract entered into under paragraph (1) shall 
provide that any obligation of the United States to make a 
payment under the contract is subject to the availability of 
appropriations for that purpose, and that total liability to 
the Government for termination of any contract entered into 
shall be limited to the total amount of funding obligated at 
time of termination.
    ``(g) Authority to Begin Manufacturing and Fabrication 
Efforts Prior to Ship Authorization.--(1) The Secretary of the 
Navy may use funds deposited into the Fund to enter into 
contracts for advance construction of national sea-based 
deterrence vessels to support achieving cost savings through 
workload management, manufacturing efficiencies, or workforce 
stability, or to phase fabrication activities within shipyard 
and manage sub-tier manufacturer capacity.
    ``(2) A contract entered into under paragraph (1) shall 
provide that any obligation of the United States to make a 
payment under the contract is subject to the availability of 
appropriations for that purpose, and that total liability to 
the Government for termination of any contract entered into 
shall be limited to the total amount of funding obligated at 
time of termination.
    ``(h) Authority to Use Incremental Funding to Enter Into 
Contracts for Certain Items.--(1) The Secretary of the Navy may 
use funds deposited into the Fund to enter into incrementally 
funded contracts for advance procurement of high value, long 
lead time items for nuclear powered vessels to better support 
construction schedules and achieve cost savings through 
schedule reductions and properly phased installment payments.
    ``(2) A contract entered into under paragraph (1) shall 
provide that any obligation of the United States to make a 
payment under the contract is subject to the availability of 
appropriations for that purpose, and that total liability to 
the Government for termination of any contract entered into 
shall be limited to the total amount of funding obligated at 
time of termination.''.
    (b) Modification and Extension of Authority to Transfer 
Funds.--Section 1022(b)(1) of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2015 (Public Law 113-291; 128 
Stat. 3487) is amended--
            (1) by striking ``or 2016'' and inserting ``2016, 
        or 2017''; and
            (2) by striking ``for the Navy for the Ohio 
        Replacement Program'' and inserting ``for the 
        Department of Defense''.

SEC. 1023. EXTENSION OF AUTHORITY FOR REIMBURSEMENT OF EXPENSES FOR 
                    CERTAIN NAVY MESS OPERATIONS AFLOAT.

    (a) Extension.--Subsection (b) of section 1014 of the 
Duncan Hunter National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2009 (Public Law 110-417; 122 Stat. 4585), as amended by 
section 1021 of the Ike Skelton National Defense Authorization 
Act for Fiscal Year 2011 (Public Law 111-383, 124 Stat. 4348), 
is amended by striking ``September 30, 2015'' and inserting 
``September 30, 2020''.
    (b) Technical and Clarifying Amendments.--Subsection (a) of 
such section is amended--
            (1) in the matter preceding paragraph (1), by 
        striking ``not more that'' and inserting ``not more 
        than''; and
            (2) in paragraph (2), by striking ``Naval vessels'' 
        and inserting ``such vessels''.

SEC. 1024. AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR RETIREMENT OR INACTIVATION OF 
                    TICONDEROGA CLASS CRUISERS OR DOCK LANDING SHIPS.

    None of the funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act 
or otherwise made available for the Department of Defense for 
fiscal year 2016 may be obligated or expended to retire, 
prepare to retire, inactivate, or place in storage a cruiser or 
dock landing ship, except as provided in section 1026(b) of the 
Carl Levin and Howard P. ``Buck'' McKeon National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2015 (Public Law 113-291; 128 
Stat. 3490).

SEC. 1025. LIMITATION ON THE USE OF FUNDS FOR REMOVAL OF BALLISTIC 
                    MISSILE DEFENSE CAPABILITIES FROM TICONDEROGA CLASS 
                    CRUISERS.

    None of the funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act 
or otherwise made available for the Department of Defense may 
be used to remove ballistic missile defense capabilities from 
any of the 5 Ticonderoga class cruisers equipped with such 
capabilities until the Secretary of the Navy certifies to the 
congressional defense committees that the Navy has--
            (1) obtained the ballistic missile defense 
        capabilities required by the most recent Navy Force 
        Structure Assessment;
            (2) entered into a modernization of such cruisers 
        that will provide an equal or improved ballistic 
        missile defense capability; or
            (3) obtained at least 40 large surface combatants 
        with ballistic missile defense capability.

SEC. 1026. INDEPENDENT ASSESSMENT OF UNITED STATES COMBAT LOGISTIC 
                    FORCE REQUIREMENTS.

    (a) Assessment Required.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
        seek to enter into an agreement with a federally funded 
        research and development center with appropriate 
        expertise and analytical capability to conduct an 
        assessment of the anticipated future demands of the 
        combat logistics force ships of the Navy and the 
        challenges such ships may face when conducting and 
        supporting future naval operations in contested 
        maritime environments.
            (2) Elements.--The assessment under paragraph (1) 
        shall include the following:
                    (A) An assessment of the programmed ability 
                of the United States Combat Logistic Force to 
                support the Navy and the naval forces of allies 
                of the United States that are operating in a 
                dispersed manner and not concentrated in 
                carrier or expeditionary strike groups, in 
                accordance with the concept of distributed 
                lethality of the Navy.
                    (B) An assessment of the programmed ability 
                of the United States Combat Logistic Force to 
                support the Navy and the naval forces of allies 
                of the United States that are engaged in major 
                combat operations against an adversary 
                possessing maritime anti-access and area-denial 
                capabilities, including anti-ship ballistic and 
                cruise missiles, land-based maritime strike 
                aircraft, submarines, and sea mines.
                    (C) An assessment of the programmed ability 
                of the United States Combat Logistic Force to 
                support distributed and expeditionary air 
                operations from an expanded set of alternative 
                and austere air bases in accordance with 
                concepts under development by the Air Force and 
                the Marine Corps.
                    (D) An assessment of gaps and deficiencies 
                in the capability and capacity of the United 
                States Combat Logistic Force to conduct and 
                support operations of the United States and 
                allies under the conditions described in 
                subparagraphs (A), (B), and (C).
                    (E) Recommendations for adjustments to the 
                programmed ability of the United States Combat 
                Logistic Force to address capability and 
                capacity gaps and deficiencies described in 
                subparagraph (D).
                    (F) Any other matters the federally funded 
                research and development center considers 
                appropriate.
    (b) Report Required.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than April 1, 2016, the 
        Secretary of Defense shall submit to the congressional 
        defense committees a report that includes the 
        assessment under subsection (a) and any other matters 
        the Secretary considers appropriate.
            (2) Form.--The report required under paragraph (1) 
        shall be submitted in unclassified form, but may 
        include a classified annex.
    (c) Support.--The Secretary of Defense shall provide the 
federally funded research and development center that conducts 
the assessment under subsection (a) with timely access to 
appropriate information, data, resources, and analyses 
necessary for the center to conduct such assessment thoroughly 
and independently.

                      Subtitle D--Counterterrorism

SEC. 1031. PROHIBITION ON USE OF FUNDS FOR TRANSFER OR RELEASE OF 
                    INDIVIDUALS DETAINED AT UNITED STATES NAVAL 
                    STATION, GUANTANAMO BAY, CUBA, TO THE UNITED 
                    STATES.

    No amounts authorized to be appropriated or otherwise made 
available for the Department of Defense may be used during the 
period beginning on the date of the enactment of this Act and 
ending on December 31, 2016, to transfer, release, or assist in 
the transfer or release to or within the United States, its 
territories, or possessions of Khalid Sheikh Mohammed or any 
other detainee who--
            (1) is not a United States citizen or a member of 
        the Armed Forces of the United States; and
            (2) is or was held on or after January 20, 2009, at 
        United States Naval Station, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, by 
        the Department of Defense.

SEC. 1032. PROHIBITION ON USE OF FUNDS TO CONSTRUCT OR MODIFY 
                    FACILITIES IN THE UNITED STATES TO HOUSE DETAINEES 
                    TRANSFERRED FROM UNITED STATES NAVAL STATION, 
                    GUANTANAMO BAY, CUBA.

    (a) In General.--No amounts authorized to be appropriated 
or otherwise made available for the Department of Defense may 
be used during the period beginning on the date of the 
enactment of this Act and ending on December 31, 2016, to 
construct or modify any facility in the United States, its 
territories, or possessions to house any individual detained at 
Guantanamo for the purposes of detention or imprisonment in the 
custody or under the control of the Department of Defense 
unless authorized by Congress.
    (b) Exception.--The prohibition in subsection (a) shall not 
apply to any modification of facilities at United States Naval 
Station, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba.
    (c) Individual Detained at Guantanamo Defined.--In this 
section, the term ``individual detained at Guantanamo'' has the 
meaning given that term in section 1034(f)(2).

SEC. 1033. PROHIBITION ON USE OF FUNDS FOR TRANSFER OR RELEASE TO 
                    CERTAIN COUNTRIES OF INDIVIDUALS DETAINED AT UNITED 
                    STATES NAVAL STATION, GUANTANAMO BAY, CUBA.

    No amounts authorized to be appropriated or otherwise 
available for the Department of Defense may be used during the 
period beginning on the date of the enactment of this Act and 
ending on December 31, 2016, to transfer, release, or assist in 
the transfer or release of any individual detained in the 
custody or under the control of the Department of Defense at 
United States Naval Station, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, to the 
custody or control of any country, or any entity within such 
country, as follows:
            (1) Libya.
            (2) Somalia.
            (3) Syria.
            (4) Yemen.

SEC. 1034. REENACTMENT AND MODIFICATION OF CERTAIN PRIOR REQUIREMENTS 
                    FOR CERTIFICATIONS RELATING TO TRANSFER OF 
                    DETAINEES AT UNITED STATES NAVAL STATION, 
                    GUANTANAMO BAY, CUBA, TO FOREIGN COUNTRIES AND 
                    OTHER FOREIGN ENTITIES.

    (a) Certification Required Prior to Transfer.--
            (1) In general.--Except as provided in paragraph 
        (2), the Secretary of Defense may not use any amounts 
        authorized to be appropriated or otherwise available to 
        the Department of Defense to transfer any individual 
        detained at Guantanamo to the custody or control of the 
        individual's country of origin, any other foreign 
        country, or any other foreign entity unless the 
        Secretary submits to the appropriate committees of 
        Congress the certification described in subsection (b) 
        not later than 30 days before the transfer of the 
        individual.
            (2) Exception.--Paragraph (1) shall not apply to 
        any action taken by the Secretary to transfer any 
        individual detained at Guantanamo to effectuate an 
        order affecting the disposition of the individual that 
        is issued by a court or competent tribunal of the 
        United States having lawful jurisdiction (which the 
        Secretary shall notify the appropriate committees of 
        Congress of promptly after issuance).
    (b) Certification.--A certification described in this 
subsection is a written certification made by the Secretary 
that--
            (1) the transfer concerned is in the national 
        security interests of the United States;
            (2) the government of the foreign country or the 
        recognized leadership of the foreign entity to which 
        the individual detained at Guantanamo concerned is to 
        be transferred--
                    (A) is not a designated state sponsor of 
                terrorism or a designated foreign terrorist 
                organization;
                    (B) maintains control over each detention 
                facility in which the individual is to be 
                detained if the individual is to be housed in a 
                detention facility;
                    (C) has taken or agreed to take appropriate 
                steps to substantially mitigate any risk the 
                individual could attempt to reengage in 
                terrorist activity or otherwise threaten the 
                United States or its allies or interests; and
                    (D) has agreed to share with the United 
                States any information that is related to the 
                individual;
            (3) if the country to which the individual is to be 
        transferred is a country to which the United States 
        transferred an individual who was detained at United 
        States Naval Station, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, at any time 
        after September 11, 2001, and such transferred 
        individual subsequently engaged in any terrorist 
        activity, the Secretary has--
                    (A) considered such circumstances; and
                    (B) determined that the actions to be taken 
                as described in paragraph (2)(C) will 
                substantially mitigate the risk of recidivism 
                with regard to the individual to be 
                transferred; and
            (4) includes an intelligence assessment, in 
        classified or unclassified form, of the capacity, 
        willingness, and past practices (if applicable) of the 
        foreign country or foreign entity concerned in relation 
        to the certification of the Secretary under this 
        subsection.
    (c) Coordination With Prohibition on Transfer to Certain 
Countries.--While the prohibition in section 1033 is in effect, 
no certification may be made under subsection (b) in connection 
with the transfer of an individual detained at Guantanamo to a 
country specified in such section.
    (d) Record of Cooperation.--In assessing the risk that an 
individual detained at Guantanamo will engage in terrorist 
activity or other actions that could affect the national 
security of the United States if released for the purpose of 
making a certification under subsection (b), the Secretary may 
give favorable consideration to any such individual--
            (1) who has substantially cooperated with United 
        States intelligence and law enforcement authorities, 
        pursuant to a pre-trial agreement, while in the custody 
        of or under the effective control of the Department of 
        Defense; and
            (2) for whom agreements and effective mechanisms 
        are in place, to the extent relevant and necessary, to 
        provide for continued cooperation with United States 
        intelligence and law enforcement authorities.
    (e) Report.--Whenever the Secretary makes a certification 
under subsection (b) with respect to an individual detained at 
Guantanamo, the Secretary shall submit to the appropriate 
committees of Congress, together with such certification, a 
report that shall include, at a minimum, the following:
            (1) A detailed statement of the basis for the 
        transfer of the individual.
            (2) An explanation why the transfer of the 
        individual is in the national security interests of the 
        United States.
            (3) A description of actions taken to mitigate the 
        risks of reengagement by the individual as described in 
        subsection (b)(2)(C), including any actions taken to 
        address factors relevant to an applicable prior case of 
        reengagement described in subsection (b)(3).
            (4) A copy of any Periodic Review Board findings 
        relating to the individual.
            (5) A copy of the final recommendation by the 
        Guantanamo Detainee Review Task Force established 
        pursuant to Executive Order 13492 relating to the 
        individual and, if applicable, updated information 
        related to any change to such recommendation.
            (6) An assessment whether, as of the date of the 
        certification, the country to which the individual is 
        to be transferred is facing a threat that could 
        substantially affect its ability to exercise control 
        over the individual.
            (7) A classified summary of--
                    (A) the individual's record of cooperation, 
                if any, while in the custody of or under the 
                effective control of the Department of Defense; 
                and
                    (B) any agreements and mechanisms in place 
                to provide for continuing cooperation.
    (f) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) The term ``appropriate committees of Congress'' 
        means--
                    (A) the Committee on Armed Services, the 
                Committee on Foreign Relations, the Committee 
                on Appropriations, and the Select Committee on 
                Intelligence of the Senate; and
                    (B) the Committee on Armed Services, the 
                Committee on Foreign Affairs, the Committee on 
                Appropriations, and the Permanent Select 
                Committee on Intelligence of the House of 
                Representatives.
            (2) The term ``individual detained at Guantanamo'' 
        means any individual located at United States Naval 
        Station, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, as of October 1, 2009, 
        who--
                    (A) is not a citizen of the United States 
                or a member of the Armed Forces of the United 
                States; and
                    (B) is--
                            (i) in the custody or under the 
                        control of the Department of Defense; 
                        or
                            (ii) otherwise under detention at 
                        United States Naval Station, Guantanamo 
                        Bay, Cuba.
            (3) The term ``foreign terrorist organization'' 
        means any organization so designated by the Secretary 
        of State under section 219 of the Immigration and 
        Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1189).
            (4) The term ``state sponsor of terrorism'' has the 
        meaning given that term in section 301(13) of the 
        Comprehensive Iran Sanctions, Accountability, and 
        Divestment Act of 2010 (22 U.S.C. 8541(13)).
    (g) Repeal of Superseded Requirements and Limitations.--
Section 1035 of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
Fiscal Year 2014 (Public Law 113-66; 127 Stat. 851; 10 U.S.C. 
801 note) is repealed.

SEC. 1035. COMPREHENSIVE DETENTION STRATEGY.

    (a) In General.--Not later than 90 days after the date of 
the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall, in 
consultation with the Attorney General and the Director of 
National Intelligence, submit to the congressional defense 
committees a report setting forth the details of a 
comprehensive strategy for the detention of current and future 
individuals captured and held pursuant to the Authorization for 
Use of Military Force (Public Law 107-40) pending the end of 
hostilities.
    (b) Elements.--The report required by subsection (a) shall 
contain the following:
            (1) The specific facility or facilities that are 
        intended to be used, or modified to be used, to hold 
        individuals for purpose of trial and incarceration 
        after conviction or detention and interrogation 
        pursuant to the law of armed conflict.
            (2) The estimated costs associated with the 
        detention of individuals detained for purpose of trial, 
        incarceration after conviction, or continued detention 
        under the law of armed conflict, including the costs 
        of--
                    (A) improvements, additions, or changes to 
                each facility specified pursuant to paragraph 
                (1);
                    (B) construction of new facilities, if any;
                    (C) maintenance, operation, and sustainment 
                of any such facility;
                    (D) security;
                    (E) military, civilian, and contractor 
                support personnel; and
                    (F) other matters associated with support 
                of detention operations.
            (3) A plan for the disposition of such individuals 
        if the authority to continue detaining an individual 
        pursuant to the law of armed conflict were to expire 
        while such individual is being detained, and an 
        assessment of possible actions that could be taken to 
        mitigate any adverse implications of such a scenario to 
        the national security interests of the United States.
            (4) A plan for the disposition of individuals held 
        pursuant to the Authorization for Use of Military Force 
        who are currently detained at the United States Naval 
        Base, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba.
            (5) A plan for the disposition of future detainees 
        held pursuant to the Authorization for Use of Military 
        Force.
            (6) The additional authorities, if any, necessary 
        to detain an individual pursuant to the law of armed 
        conflict as an unprivileged enemy belligerent pursuant 
        to the Authorization for Use of Military Force pending 
        the end of hostilities or a future determination by the 
        Secretary of Defense that such individual no longer 
        requires continued detention.
    (c) Form.--The report required by subsection (a) shall be 
submitted in unclassified form, but may include a classified 
annex.

SEC. 1036. PROHIBITION ON USE OF FUNDS FOR REALIGNMENT OF FORCES AT OR 
                    CLOSURE OF UNITED STATES NAVAL STATION, GUANTANAMO 
                    BAY, CUBA.

    (a) Prohibition on Use of Funds.--No amounts authorized to 
be appropriated or otherwise made available for the Department 
of Defense for fiscal year 2016 may be used--
            (1) to close or abandon United States Naval 
        Station, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba;
            (2) to relinquish control of Guantanamo Bay to the 
        Republic of Cuba; or
            (3) to implement a material modification to the 
        Treaty Between the United States of America and Cuba 
        signed at Washington, D.C. on May 29, 1934 that 
        constructively closes United States Naval Station, 
        Guantanamo Bay.
    (b) Report.--
            (1) Report required.--Not later than 180 days after 
        the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of 
        Defense shall submit to the congressional defense 
        committees a report setting forth an assessment of the 
        military implications of United States Naval Station 
        Guantanamo Bay, Cuba.
            (2) Elements.--The report shall include the 
        following:
                    (A) An historical analysis of the use and 
                significance of the basing at United States 
                Naval Station, Guantanamo Bay.
                    (B) A description of the personnel, 
                resources, and base operations based out of 
                United States Naval Station, Guantanamo Bay, as 
                of the date of the enactment of this Act.
                    (C) An assessment of the role of United 
                States Naval Station, Guantanamo Bay, in 
                support of the National Security Strategy, the 
                National Defense Strategy, and the National 
                Military Strategy.
                    (D) An assessment of the missions and 
                military requirements that United States Naval 
                Station, Guantanamo Bay, currently supports.
                    (E) A description of the uses of United 
                States Naval Station, Guantanamo Bay, by other 
                departments and agencies of the United States 
                Government.
                    (F) Any other matters the Secretary 
                considers appropriate.

SEC. 1037. REPORT ON CURRENT DETAINEES AT UNITED STATES NAVAL STATION, 
                    GUANTANAMO BAY, CUBA, DETERMINED OR ASSESSED TO BE 
                    HIGH RISK OR MEDIUM RISK.

    (a) Report Required.--Not later than 60 days after the date 
of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall 
submit to the appropriate committees and members of Congress a 
report setting forth a list of the individuals detained at 
Guantanamo as of the date of the enactment of this Act who have 
been determined or assessed by Joint Task Force Guantanamo, at 
any time before the date of the report, to be a high-risk or 
medium-risk threat to the United States, its interests, or its 
allies.
    (b) Elements.--The report under subsection (a) shall set 
forth, for each individual covered by the report, the 
following:
            (1) The name and country of origin.
            (2) The date on which first designated or assessed 
        as a high-risk or medium-risk threat to the United 
        States, its interests, or its allies, and an assessment 
        of the justification for the designation or assessment.
            (3) Whether, as of the date of the report, 
        currently designated or assessed as a high-risk or 
        medium-risk threat to the United States, its interests, 
        or its allies.
            (4) If the designation or assessment changed 
        between the date specified pursuant to paragraph (2) 
        and the date of the report--
                    (A) the new designation or assessment to 
                which changed;
                    (B) the year and month in which the 
                designation or assessment changed; and
                    (C) information on, and a justification 
                for, the change in designation or assessment.
            (5) To the extent practicable, without jeopardizing 
        intelligence sources and methods--
                    (A) prior actions in support of terrorism, 
                hostile actions against the United States or 
                its allies, gross violations of human rights, 
                and other violations of international law; and
                    (B) any affiliations with al Qaeda, al 
                Qaeda affiliates, or other terrorist groups.
    (c) Form.--The report under subsection (a) shall be 
submitted in unclassified form to the maximum extent 
practicable, but may include a classified annex.
    (d) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) The term ``appropriate committees and members 
        of Congress'' means--
                    (A) the Committee on Armed Services, the 
                Committee on Appropriations, and the Select 
                Committee on Intelligence of the Senate;
                    (B) the Majority Leader and the Minority 
                Leader of the Senate;
                    (C) the Committee on Armed Services, the 
                Committee on Appropriations, and the Permanent 
                Select Committee on Intelligence of the House 
                of Representatives; and
                    (D) the Speaker of the House of 
                Representatives and the Minority Leader of the 
                House of Representatives.
            (2) The term ``individual detained at Guantanamo'' 
        means any individual located at United States Naval 
        Station, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, as of October 1, 2009, 
        who--
                    (A) is not a citizen of the United States 
                or a member of the Armed Forces of the United 
                States; and
                    (B) is--
                            (i) in the custody or under the 
                        control of the Department of Defense; 
                        or
                            (ii) otherwise under detention at 
                        United States Naval Station, Guantanamo 
                        Bay, Cuba.

SEC. 1038. REPORTS TO CONGRESS ON CONTACT BETWEEN TERRORISTS AND 
                    INDIVIDUALS FORMERLY DETAINED AT UNITED STATES 
                    NAVAL STATION, GUANTANAMO BAY, CUBA.

    (a) In General.--Section 319(c) of the Supplemental 
Appropriations Act, 2009 (Public Law 111-32; 123 Stat. 1874; 10 
U.S.C. 801 note) is amended by adding at the end the following 
new paragraph:
            ``(6) A summary of all known contact between any 
        individual formerly detained at Naval Station 
        Guantanamo Bay and any individual known or suspected to 
        be associated with a foreign terrorist group, which 
        contact included information or discussion about 
        planning for or conduct of hostilities against the 
        United States or its allies or the organizational, 
        logistical, or resource needs or activities of any 
        terrorist group or activity.''.
    (b) Rule of Construction.--Nothing in the amendment made by 
subsection (a) shall be construed to terminate, alter, modify, 
override, or otherwise affect any reporting of information 
required under section 319(c) of the Supplemental 
Appropriations Act, 2009 before the date of the enactment of 
this section.

SEC. 1039. INCLUSION IN REPORTS TO CONGRESS OF INFORMATION ABOUT 
                    RECIDIVISM OF INDIVIDUALS FORMERLY DETAINED AT 
                    UNITED STATES NAVAL STATION, GUANTANAMO BAY, CUBA.

    Section 319(c) of the Supplemental Appropriations Act, 2009 
(Public Law 111-32; 123 Stat. 1874; 10 U.S.C. 801 note), as 
amended by section 1038, is further amended by adding at the 
end the following new paragraphs:
            ``(7) For each individual described in paragraph 
        (4), the date on which such individual was released or 
        transferred from Naval Station Guantanamo Bay and the 
        date on which it is confirmed that such individual is 
        suspected or confirmed of reengaging in terrorist 
        activities.
            ``(8) The average period of time described in 
        paragraph (7) for all the individuals described in 
        paragraph (4).''.

SEC. 1040. REPORT TO CONGRESS ON TERMS OF WRITTEN AGREEMENTS WITH 
                    FOREIGN COUNTRIES REGARDING TRANSFER OF DETAINEES 
                    AT UNITED STATES NAVAL STATION, GUANTANAMO BAY, 
                    CUBA.

    (a) Report Required.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than 180 days after the 
        date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of 
        Defense and the Secretary of State shall jointly submit 
        to the appropriate committees of Congress a report 
        describing the terms of any written agreement between 
        the United States Government and the government of the 
        foreign country concerned regarding each individual 
        detained at Guantanamo who was transferred to a foreign 
        country pursuant to a negotiated transfer.
            (2) Statement on lack of written agreement.--If an 
        individual detained at Guantanamo was transferred to a 
        foreign country pursuant to a negotiated transfer and 
        no written agreement exists between the United States 
        Government and the government of the foreign country 
        regarding the transfer of such individual, the report 
        under paragraph (1) shall include an unclassified 
        statement of that fact.
            (3) Arrangements when lack of written agreement.--
        The report under paragraph (1) shall also provide a 
        description of the types and frequency of arrangements 
        or assurances applicable to negotiated transfers 
        covered by paragraph (2).
            (4) Form.--The report under paragraph (1) may be 
        submitted in classified form, except as provided in 
        paragraph (2).
    (b) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) The term ``appropriate committees of Congress'' 
        means--
                    (A) the Committee on Armed Services, the 
                Committee on Foreign Relations, the Committee 
                on Appropriations, and the Select Committee on 
                Intelligence of the Senate; and
                    (B) the Committee on Armed Services, the 
                Committee on Foreign Affairs, the Committee on 
                Appropriations, and the Permanent Select 
                Committee on Intelligence of the House of 
                Representatives.
            (2) The term ``individual detained at Guantanamo'' 
        means any individual located at United States Naval 
        Station, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, as of October 1, 2009, 
        who--
                    (A) is not a citizen of the United States 
                or a member of the Armed Forces of the United 
                States; and
                    (B) is--
                            (i) in the custody or under the 
                        control of the Department of Defense; 
                        or
                            (ii) otherwise under detention at 
                        United States Naval Station, Guantanamo 
                        Bay, Cuba.

SEC. 1041. REPORT ON USE OF UNITED STATES NAVAL STATION, GUANTANAMO 
                    BAY, CUBA, AND OTHER DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE OR 
                    BUREAU OF PRISONS PRISONS OR DETENTION OR 
                    DISCIPLINARY FACILITIES IN RECRUITMENT OR OTHER 
                    PROPAGANDA OF TERRORIST ORGANIZATIONS.

    Not later than six months after the date of the enactment 
of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall, in consultation 
with the Director of National Intelligence, submit to Congress 
a report on the use by terrorist organizations and their 
leaders of images and symbols relating to United States Naval 
Station, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, and any other Department of 
Defense or Bureau of Prisons prison or other detention or 
disciplinary facility for recruitment and other propaganda 
purposes. The report shall include the following:
            (1) a description of the use by terrorist 
        organizations and their leaders of images and symbols 
        relating to United States Naval Station, Guantanamo 
        Bay, and any other Department of Defense or Bureau of 
        Prisons prison or other detention or disciplinary 
        facility for recruitment or other propaganda purposes.
            (2) A description and assessment of--
                    (A) the effectiveness of the use of such 
                images and symbols for recruitment and other 
                propaganda purposes during the period beginning 
                on September 11, 2001, and ending on the date 
                of the report; and
                    (B) the extent to which such images and 
                symbols continue to be used for recruitment or 
                other propaganda purposes.
            (3) A description and assessment of the efforts of 
        the United States Government to counter the use of such 
        images and symbols for recruitment and other propaganda 
        purposes and to disseminate accurate information about 
        such facilities.

SEC. 1042. PERMANENT AUTHORITY TO PROVIDE REWARDS THROUGH GOVERNMENT 
                    PERSONNEL OF ALLIED FORCES AND CERTAIN OTHER 
                    MODIFICATIONS TO DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE PROGRAM TO 
                    PROVIDE REWARDS.

    (a) In General.--Subsection (c)(3) of section 127b of title 
10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in subparagraph (A), by striking 
        ``subparagraphs (B) and (C)'' and inserting 
        ``subparagraph (B)''; and
            (2) by striking subparagraphs (C) and (D).
    (b) Modification of Reporting Requirements.--Subsection 
(f)(2) of such section is amended--
            (1) by striking subparagraph (D);
            (2) by redesignating subparagraphs (E), (F), and 
        (G), as subparagraphs (D), (E), and (F), respectively; 
        and
            (3) in subparagraph (D), as redesignated by 
        paragraph (2), by inserting before the period at the 
        end the following: ``, including in which countries the 
        program is being operated''.
    (c) Report on Designation of Countries for Which Rewards 
May Be Paid.--Such section is further amended by adding at the 
end the following new subsection:
    ``(h) Report on Designation of Countries for Which Rewards 
May Be Paid.--Not later than 15 days after the date on which 
the Secretary designates a country as a country in which an 
operation or activity of the armed forces is occurring in 
connection with which rewards may be paid under this section, 
the Secretary shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services 
of the Senate and the House of Representatives a report on the 
designation. Each report shall include the following:
            ``(1) The country so designated.
            ``(2) The reason for the designation of the 
        country.
            ``(3) A justification for the designation of the 
        country for purposes of this section.''.
    (d) Clerical Amendments.--
            (1) Section heading.--The heading of such section 
        is amended to read as follows:

``Sec. 127b. Department of Defense rewards program''.

            (2) Table of sections.--The table of sections at 
        the beginning of chapter 3 of such title is amended by 
        striking the item relating to section 127b and 
        inserting the following new item:

``127b. Department of Defense rewards program.''.

SEC. 1043. SUNSET ON EXCEPTION TO CONGRESSIONAL NOTIFICATION OF 
                    SENSITIVE MILITARY OPERATIONS.

    Section 130f(e) of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended--
            (1) by inserting ``(1)'' before ``The 
        notification''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following new 
        paragraph:
    ``(2) The exception in paragraph (1) shall cease to be in 
effect at the close of December 31, 2017.''.

SEC. 1044. REPEAL OF SEMIANNUAL REPORTS ON OBLIGATION AND EXPENDITURE 
                    OF FUNDS FOR THE COMBATING TERRORISM PROGRAM.

    Section 229 of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) by striking subsection (d); and
            (2) by redesignating subsection (e) as subsection 
        (d).

SEC. 1045. LIMITATION ON INTERROGATION TECHNIQUES.

    (a) Limitation on Interrogation Techniques to Those in the 
Army Field Manual.--
            (1) Army field manual 2-22.3 defined.--In this 
        subsection, the term ``Army Field Manual 2-22.3'' means 
        the Army Field Manual 2-22.3 entitled ``Human 
        Intelligence Collector Operations'' in effect on the 
        date of the enactment of this Act or any similar 
        successor Army Field Manual.
            (2) Restriction.--
                    (A) In general.--An individual described in 
                subparagraph (B) shall not be subjected to any 
                interrogation technique or approach, or any 
                treatment related to interrogation, that is not 
                authorized by and listed in the Army Field 
                Manual 2-22.3.
                    (B) Individual described.--An individual 
                described in this subparagraph is an individual 
                who is--
                            (i) in the custody or under the 
                        effective control of an officer, 
                        employee, or other agent of the United 
                        States Government; or
                            (ii) detained within a facility 
                        owned, operated, or controlled by a 
                        department or agency of the United 
                        States, in any armed conflict.
            (3) Implementation.--Interrogation techniques, 
        approaches, and treatments described in Army Field 
        Manual 2-22.3 shall be implemented strictly in accord 
        with the principles, processes, conditions, and 
        limitations prescribed by Army Field Manual 2-22.3.
            (4) Agencies other than the department of 
        defense.--If a process required by Army Field Manual 2-
        22.3, such as a requirement of approval by a specified 
        Department of Defense official, is inapposite to a 
        department or an agency other than the Department of 
        Defense, the head of such department or agency shall 
        ensure that a process that is substantially equivalent 
        to the process prescribed by Army Field Manual 2-22.3 
        for the Department of Defense is utilized by all 
        officers, employees, or other agents of such department 
        or agency.
            (5) Interrogation by federal law enforcement.--The 
        limitations in this subsection shall not apply to 
        officers, employees, or agents of the Federal Bureau of 
        Investigation, the Department of Homeland Security, or 
        other Federal law enforcement entities.
            (6) Update of the army field manual.--
                    (A) Requirement to update.--
                            (i) In general.--Not sooner than 
                        three years after the date of the 
                        enactment of this Act, and once every 
                        three years thereafter, the Secretary 
                        of Defense, in consultation with the 
                        Attorney General, the Director of the 
                        Federal Bureau of Investigation, and 
                        the Director of National Intelligence, 
                        shall complete a thorough review of 
                        Army Field Manual 2-22.3, and revise 
                        Army Field Manual 2-22.3, as necessary 
                        to ensure that Army Field Manual 2-22.3 
                        complies with the legal obligations of 
                        the United States and the practices for 
                        interrogation described therein do not 
                        involve the use or threat of force.
                            (ii) Availability to the public.--
                        Army Field Manual 2-22.3 shall remain 
                        available to the public and any 
                        revisions to the Army Field Manual 2-
                        22.3 adopted by the Secretary of 
                        Defense shall be made available to the 
                        public 30 days prior to the date the 
                        revisions take effect.
                    (B) Report on best practices of 
                interrogations.--
                            (i) Requirement for report.--Not 
                        later than 120 days after the date of 
                        the enactment of this Act, the 
                        interagency body established pursuant 
                        to Executive Order 13491 (commonly 
                        known as the High-Value Detainee 
                        Interrogation Group) shall submit to 
                        the Secretary of Defense, the Director 
                        of National Intelligence, the Attorney 
                        General, and other appropriate 
                        officials a report on best practices 
                        for interrogation that do not involve 
                        the use of force.
                            (ii) Recommendations.--The report 
                        required by clause (i) may include 
                        recommendations for revisions to Army 
                        Field Manual 2-22.3 based on the body 
                        of research commissioned by the High-
                        Value Detainee Interrogation Group.
                            (iii) Availability to the public.--
                        Not later than 30 days after the report 
                        required by clause (i) is submitted 
                        such report shall be made available to 
                        the public.
    (b) International Committee of the Red Cross Access to 
Detainees.--
            (1) Requirement.--The head of any department or 
        agency of the United States Government shall provide 
        the International Committee of the Red Cross with 
        notification of, and prompt access to, any individual 
        detained in any armed conflict in the custody or under 
        the effective control of an officer, employee, 
        contractor, subcontractor, or other agent of the United 
        States Government or detained within a facility owned, 
        operated, or effectively controlled by a department, 
        agency, contractor, or subcontractor of the United 
        States Government, consistent with Department of 
        Defense regulations and policies.
            (2) Construction.--Nothing in this subsection shall 
        be construed--
                    (A) to create or otherwise imply the 
                authority to detain; or
                    (B) to limit or otherwise affect any other 
                individual rights or state obligations which 
                may arise under United States law or 
                international agreements to which the United 
                States is a party, including the Geneva 
                Conventions, or to state all of the situations 
                under which notification to and access for the 
                International Committee of the Red Cross is 
                required or allowed.

         Subtitle E--Miscellaneous Authorities and Limitations

SEC. 1051. DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE EXCESS PROPERTY PROGRAM.

    (a) Website Required.--Section 2576a of title 10, United 
States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new 
subsection:
    ``(e) Publicly Accessible Website.--(1) The Secretary shall 
create and maintain a publicly available Internet website that 
provides information on the controlled property transferred 
under this section and the recipients of such property.
    ``(2) The contents of the Internet website required under 
paragraph (1) shall include all publicly accessible 
unclassified information pertaining to the request, transfer, 
denial, and repossession of controlled property under this 
section, including--
            ``(A) a current inventory of all controlled 
        property transferred to Federal and State agencies 
        under this section, listed by the name of the recipient 
        and the year of the transfer;
            ``(B) all pending requests for transfers of 
        controlled property under this section, including the 
        information submitted by the Federal and State agencies 
        requesting such transfers; and
            ``(C) all reports required to be submitted to the 
        Secretary under this section by Federal and State 
        agencies that receive controlled property under this 
        section.''.
    (b) Conditions for Transfer.--Subsection (b) of such 
section is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (3), by striking ``and'' at the 
        end;
            (2) in paragraph (4), by striking the period and 
        inserting ``; and''; and
            (3) by adding at the end the following new 
        paragraphs:
            ``(5) the recipient, on an annual basis, and with 
        the authorization of the relevant local governing body 
        or authority, certifies that it has adopted publicly 
        available protocols for the appropriate use of 
        controlled property, the supervision of such use, and 
        the evaluation of the effectiveness of such use, 
        including auditing and accountability policies; and
            ``(6) after the completion of the assessment 
        required by section 1051(e) of the National Defense 
        Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2016, the recipient, 
        on an annual basis, certifies that it provides annual 
        training to relevant personnel on the maintenance, 
        sustainment, and appropriate use of controlled 
        property.''.
    (c) Definition of Controlled Property.--Such section is 
further amended by adding at the end the following new 
subsection:
    ``(f) Controlled Property.--In this section, the term 
`controlled property' means any item assigned a 
demilitarizati