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 114th Congress  }                                           {  Report
                        HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
 1st Session     }                                           { 114-310

======================================================================



 
                    EDUCATOR TAX RELIEF ACT OF 2015

                                _______
                                

October 23, 2015.--Committed to the Committee of the Whole House on the 
              State of the Union and ordered to be printed

                                _______
                                

Mr. Ryan of Wisconsin, from the Committee on Ways and Means, submitted 
                             the following

                              R E P O R T

                             together with

                            DISSENTING VIEWS

                        [To accompany H.R. 2940]

      [Including cost estimate of the Congressional Budget Office]

    The Committee on Ways and Means, to whom was referred the 
bill (H.R. 2940) to amend the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 to 
improve and make permanent the above-the-line deduction for 
certain expenses of elementary and secondary school teachers, 
having considered the same, report favorably thereon with an 
amendment and recommend that the bill as amended do pass.

                                CONTENTS

                                                                   Page
  I. SUMMARY AND BACKGROUND...........................................2
          A. Purpose and Summary.................................     2
          B. Background and Need for Legislation.................     2
          C. Legislative History.................................     3
 II. EXPLANATION OF THE BILL..........................................3
          A. Above-the-Line Deduction for Certain Expenses of 
              Elementary and Secondary School Teachers Modified 
              and Made Permanent.................................     3
III. VOTES OF THE COMMITTEE...........................................5
 IV. BUDGET EFFECTS OF THE BILL.......................................5
          A. Committee Estimate of Budgetary Effects.............     5
          B. Statement Regarding New Budget Authority and Tax 
              Expenditures Budget Authority......................     6
          C. Cost Estimate Prepared by the Congressional Budget 
              Office.............................................     6
  V. OTHER MATTERS TO BE DISCUSSED UNDER THE RULES OF THE HOUSE.......7
          A. Committee Oversight Findings and Recommendations....     7
          B. Statement of General Performance Goals and 
              Objectives.........................................     7
          C. Information Relating to Unfunded Mandates...........     7
          D. Applicability of House Rule XXI 5(b)................     7
          E. Tax Complexity Analysis.............................     8
          F. Congressional Earmarks, Limited Tax Benefits, and 
              Limited Tariff Benefits............................     8
          G. Duplication of Federal Programs.....................     8
          H. Disclosure of Directed Rule Makings.................     8
 VI. CHANGES IN EXISTING LAW MADE BY THE BILL, AS REPORTED............8
          A. Text of Existing Law Amended or Repealed by the 
              Bill, as Reported..................................     8
          B. Changes in Existing Law Proposed by the Bill, as 
              Reported...........................................    13
VII. DISSENTING VIEWS................................................20

    The amendment is as follows:
  Strike all after the enacting clause and insert the 
following:

SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.

  This Act may be cited as the ``Educator Tax Relief Act of 2015''.

SEC. 2. DEDUCTION FOR CERTAIN EXPENSES OF SCHOOL TEACHERS.

  (a) Deduction Made Permanent.--Section 62(a)(2)(D) of the Internal 
Revenue Code of 1986 is amended by striking ``In the case of taxable 
years beginning during 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009, 
2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, or 2014, the deductions'' and inserting ``The 
deductions''.
  (b) Inflation Adjustment.--Section 62(d) of such Code is amended by 
adding at the end the following new paragraph:
          ``(3) Inflation adjustment.--In the case of any taxable year 
        beginning after 2014, the $250 amount in subsection (a)(2)(D) 
        shall be increased by an amount equal to--
                  ``(A) such dollar amount, multiplied by
                  ``(B) the cost-of-living adjustment determined under 
                section 1(f)(3) for the calendar year in which the 
                taxable year begins, determined by substituting 
                `calendar year 2013' for `calendar year 1992' in 
                subparagraph (B) thereof.
        Any increase determined under the preceding sentence shall be 
        rounded to the nearest multiple of $50.''.
  (c) Professional Development Expenses.--Section 62(a)(2)(D) of such 
Code is amended--
          (1) by striking ``educator in connection'' and all that 
        follows and inserting ``educator--'', and
          (2) by inserting at the end the following:
                          ``(i) by reason of the participation of the 
                        educator in professional development courses 
                        related to the curriculum in which the educator 
                        provides instruction or to the students for 
                        which the educator provides instruction, and
                          ``(ii) in connection with books, supplies 
                        (other than nonathletic supplies for courses of 
                        instruction in health or physical education), 
                        computer equipment (including related software 
                        and services) and other equipment, and 
                        supplementary materials used by the eligible 
                        educator in the classroom.''.
  (d) Effective Date.--The amendments made by this section shall apply 
to taxable years beginning after December 31, 2014.

                       I. SUMMARY AND BACKGROUND


                         A. Purpose and Summary

    H.R. 2940, as reported by the Committee on Ways and Means, 
provides a permanent deduction for eligible educator expenses 
of elementary and secondary school teachers. A temporary 
deduction for eligible educator expenses of elementary and 
secondary school teachers expired for tax years beginning after 
December 31, 2014.

                 B. Background and Need for Legislation

    While the Committee continues actively to pursue 
comprehensive tax reform as a critical means of promoting 
economic growth and job creation, the Committee also believes 
that it is important to provide individuals with permanent and 
immediate tax relief and certainty concerning tax provisions 
like the deduction for eligible educator expenses. The 
deduction for eligible educator expenses has been a temporary 
provision of the tax code since 2002, and has now been extended 
for more than an entire ten-year budget window. In addition, 
the deduction does not cover expenses relating to professional 
development, and it is not indexed for inflation. Instead of 
repeatedly extending this provision on a temporary basis, the 
Committee believes the deduction for educator expenses should 
be made permanent, expanded to cover professional development 
expenses, and indexed for inflation to provide taxpayers much-
needed certainty in the tax code while Congress works to enact 
comprehensive reform.

                         C. Legislative History


Background

    H.R. 2940 was introduced on June 25, 2015, and was referred 
to the Committee on Ways and Means.

Committee action

    The Committee on Ways and Means marked up H.R. 2940, the 
``Educator Tax Relief Act of 2015,'' on September 17, 2015, and 
ordered the bill, as amended, favorably reported (with a quorum 
being present).

Committee hearings

    The need for permanent rules regarding the deduction for 
certain educator expenses was discussed at two hearings during 
the 112th and 113th Congresses:
           Select Revenue Measures Subcommittee Hearing 
        on Certain Expiring Tax Provisions (April 26, 2012); 
        and
           Full Committee Hearing on the Benefits of 
        Permanent Tax Policy for America's Job Creators (April 
        8, 2014).

                      II. EXPLANATION OF THE BILL


  A. Above-the-Line Deduction for Certain Expenses of Elementary and 
         Secondary School Teachers Modified and Made Permanent


                              PRESENT LAW

    In general, ordinary and necessary business expenses are 
deductible. However, unreimbursed employee business expenses 
generally are deductible only as an itemized deduction and only 
to the extent that the individual's total miscellaneous 
deductions (including employee business expenses) exceed two 
percent of adjusted gross income. An individual's otherwise 
allowable itemized deductions may be further limited by the 
overall limitation on itemized deductions, which reduces 
itemized deductions for taxpayers with adjusted gross income in 
excess of a threshold amount. In addition, miscellaneous 
itemized deductions are not allowable under the alternative 
minimum tax.
    Certain expenses of eligible educators are allowed as an 
above-the-line deduction. Specifically, for taxable years 
beginning prior to January 1, 2015, an above-the-line deduction 
is allowed for up to $250 annually of expenses paid or incurred 
by an eligible educator for books, supplies (other than 
nonathletic supplies for courses of instruction in health or 
physical education), computer equipment (including related 
software and services) and other equipment, and supplementary 
materials used by the eligible educator in the classroom.\1\ To 
be eligible for this deduction, the expenses must be otherwise 
deductible under section 162 as a trade or business expense. A 
deduction is allowed only to the extent the amount of expenses 
exceeds the amount excludable from income under section 135 
(relating to education savings bonds), section 529(c)(1) 
(relating to qualified tuition programs), and section 530(d)(2) 
(relating to Coverdell education savings accounts).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \1\Sec. 62(a)(2)(D). Except where otherwise provided, all section 
references are to the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended (the 
``Code'').
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    An eligible educator is a kindergarten through grade twelve 
teacher, instructor, counselor, principal, or aide in a school 
for at least 900 hours during a school year. A school means any 
school that provides elementary education or secondary 
education (kindergarten through grade 12), as determined under 
State law.
    The above-the-line deduction for eligible educators is not 
allowed for taxable years beginning after December 31, 2014.

                           REASONS FOR CHANGE

    The Committee recognizes that many elementary and secondary 
school teachers provide substantial classroom resources at 
their own expense, and believe that it is appropriate to extend 
the present law deduction for such expenses in order to 
continue to partially offset the substantial costs such 
educators incur for the benefit of their students. 
Additionally, the Committee recognizes that teachers must often 
incur out-of-pocket expenses for professional development, and 
believes that it is appropriate to include these amounts as 
expenses eligible for the deduction. The Committee believes 
that it is appropriate to index the $250 maximum deduction 
amount for inflation, so as to prevent the real value of the 
deduction from eroding over time. Finally, the Committee 
believes it is appropriate to make this provision permanent 
law, rather than repeatedly extending it, often retroactively, 
for a year or two at a time.

                        EXPLANATION OF PROVISION

    The provision makes the deduction for eligible educator 
expenses permanent. The provision indexes the $250 maximum 
deduction amount for inflation, and provides that expenses for 
professional development shall also be considered eligible 
expenses for purposes of the deduction.

                             EFFECTIVE DATE

    The provision applies to taxable years beginning after 
December 31, 2014.

                      III. VOTES OF THE COMMITTEE

    In compliance with clause 3(b) of rule XIII of the Rules of 
the House of Representatives, the following statement is made 
concerning the vote of the Committee on Ways and Means in its 
consideration of H.R. 2940, the ``Educator Tax Relief Act of 
2015,'' on September 17, 2015.
    The Chairman's amendment in the nature of a substitute was 
adopted by a voice vote (with a quorum being present).
    The bill, H.R. 2940, was ordered favorably reported as 
amended to the House of Representatives by a roll call vote of 
23 yeas to 13 nays (with a quorum being present). The vote was 
as follows:

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
         Representative             Yea       Nay     Present     Representative      Yea       Nay     Present
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Mr. Ryan.......................        X   ........  .........  Mr. Levin........  ........        X   .........
Mr. Johnson....................        X   ........  .........  Mr. Rangel.......  ........        X   .........
Mr. Brady......................        X   ........  .........  Mr. McDermott....  ........        X   .........
Mr. Nunes......................        X   ........  .........  Mr. Lewis........  ........        X   .........
Mr. Tiberi.....................        X   ........  .........  Mr. Neal.........  ........        X   .........
Mr. Reichert...................        X   ........  .........  Mr. Becerra......  ........        X   .........
Mr. Boustany...................        X   ........  .........  Mr. Doggett......  ........        X   .........
Mr. Roskam.....................        X   ........  .........  Mr. Thompson.....  ........  ........  .........
Mr. Price......................        X   ........  .........  Mr. Larson.......  ........        X   .........
Mr. Buchanan...................        X   ........  .........  Mr. Blumenauer...  ........        X   .........
Mr. Smith (NE).................        X   ........  .........  Mr. Kind.........  ........        X   .........
Ms. Jenkins....................        X   ........  .........  Mr. Pascrell.....  ........        X   .........
Mr. Paulsen....................        X   ........  .........  Mr. Crowley......  ........  ........  .........
Mr. Marchant...................        X   ........  .........  Mr. Davis........  ........        X   .........
Ms. Black......................        X   ........  .........  Ms. Sanchez......  ........        X   .........
Mr. Reed.......................        X
Mr. Young......................        X
Mr. Kelly......................        X
Mr. Renacci....................        X
Mr. Meehan.....................        X
Ms. Noem.......................        X
Mr. Holding....................  ........
Mr. Smith (MO).................        X
Mr. Dold.......................        X
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

                     IV. BUDGET EFFECTS OF THE BILL


               A. Committee Estimate of Budgetary Effects

    In compliance with clause 3(d) of rule XIII of the Rules of 
the House of Representatives, the following statement is made 
concerning the effects on the budget of the bill, H.R. 2940, as 
reported.
    The bill, as reported, is estimated to have the following 
effect on Federal budget receipts for fiscal years 2016-2025:

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                     Fiscal years, in millions of dollars--
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  2016      2017      2018     2019     2020     2021     2022     2023     2024     2025    2016-20    2016-25
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
   -269      -236     -241     -260     -302     -306     -311     -319     -332     -335     -1,307     -2,909
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Note: Details do not add to totals due to rounding.

    Pursuant to clause 8 of rule XIII of the Rules of the House 
of Representatives, the following statement is made by the 
Joint Committee on Taxation with respect to the provisions of 
the bill amending the Internal Revenue Code of 1986: The gross 
budgetary effect (before incorporating macroeconomic effects) 
in any fiscal year is less than 0.25 percent of the current 
projected gross domestic product of the United States for that 
fiscal year; therefore, the bill is not ``major legislation'' 
for purposes of requiring that the estimate include the 
budgetary effects of changes in economic output, employment, 
capital stock and other macroeconomic variables.

B. Statement Regarding New Budget Authority and Tax Expenditures Budget 
                               Authority

    In compliance with clause 3(c)(2) of rule XIII of the Rules 
of the House of Representatives, the Committee states that the 
bill involves no new or increased budget authority. The 
Committee further states that the revenue-reducing tax 
provisions involve increased tax expenditures. (See amounts in 
table in Part IV.A., above.)

      C. Cost Estimate Prepared by the Congressional Budget Office

    In compliance with clause 3(c)(3) of rule XIII of the Rules 
of the House of Representatives, requiring a cost estimate 
prepared by the CBO, the following statement by CBO is 
provided.

                                     U.S. Congress,
                               Congressional Budget Office,
                                Washington, DC, September 22, 2015.
Hon. Paul Ryan,
Chairman, Committee on Ways and Means,
House of Representatives, Washington, DC.
    Dear Mr. Chairman: The Congressional Budget Office has 
prepared the enclosed cost estimate for H.R. 2940, the Educator 
Tax Relief Act of 2015.
    If you wish further details on this estimate, we will be 
pleased to provide them. The CBO staff contact is Peter 
Huether.
            Sincerely,
                                                        Keith Hall.
    Enclosure.

H.R. 2940--Educator Tax Relief Act of 2015

    H.R. 2940 would amend the Internal Revenue Code to 
permanently extend and expand the tax deduction of up to $250 
that is allowed for certain classroom expenses of teachers. 
Under current law the deduction is unavailable for taxable 
years after 2014, and H.R. 2940 would permanently extend the 
deduction. The bill would also expand eligible expenses to 
include those for professional development and index the 
maximum deduction for inflation.
    The staff of the Joint Committee on Taxation (JCT) 
estimates that enacting H.R. 2940 would reduce revenues, thus 
increasing federal deficits, by about $3 billion over the 2016-
2025 period.
    The Statutory Pay-As-You-Go Act of 2010 establishes budget-
reporting and enforcement procedures for legislation affecting 
direct spending or revenues. Enacting H.R. 2940 would result in 
revenue losses in each year beginning in 2016. The estimated 
increases in the deficit are shown in the following table.
    JCT has determined that the bill contains no 
intergovernmental or private-sector mandates as defined in the 
Unfunded Mandates Reform Act.
    The CBO staff contact for this estimate is Peter Huether. 
The estimate was approved by David Weiner, Assistant Director 
for Tax Analysis.

         CBO ESTIMATE OF PAY-AS-YOU-GO EFFECTS FOR H.R. 2940, AS ORDERED REPORTED BY THE HOUSE COMMITTEE ON WAYS AND MEANS ON SEPTEMBER 17, 2015
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                       By fiscal year, in millions of dollars--
                                                             -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                               2016   2017   2018   2019   2020   2021   2022   2023   2024   2025  2016-2020  2016-2025
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                               NET INCREASE IN THE DEFICIT
 
Statutory Pay-As-You-Go Effects.............................    269    236    241    260    302    306    311    319    332    335     1,307      2,909
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Source: Staff of the Joint Committee on Taxation.
Note: Components do not sum to totals because of rounding.

     V. OTHER MATTERS TO BE DISCUSSED UNDER THE RULES OF THE HOUSE


          A. Committee Oversight Findings and Recommendations

    With respect to clause 3(c)(1) of rule XIII of the Rules of 
the House of Representatives (relating to oversight findings), 
the Committee advises that it was as a result of the 
Committee's review of the provisions of H.R. 2940 that the 
Committee concluded that it is appropriate to report the bill, 
as amended, favorably to the House of Representatives with the 
recommendation that the bill do pass.

        B. Statement of General Performance Goals and Objectives

    With respect to clause 3(c)(4) of rule XIII of the Rules of 
the House of Representatives, the Committee advises that the 
bill contains no measure that authorizes funding, so no 
statement of general performance goals and objectives for which 
any measure authorizes funding is required.

              C. Information Relating to Unfunded Mandates

    This information is provided in accordance with section 423 
of the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act of 1995 (Pub. L. No. 104-
4).
    The Committee has determined that the bill does not contain 
Federal mandates on the private sector. The Committee has 
determined that the bill does not impose a Federal 
intergovernmental mandate on State, local, or tribal 
governments.

                D. Applicability of House Rule XXI 5(b)

    Rule XXI 5(b) of the Rules of the House of Representatives 
provides, in part, that ``A bill or joint resolution, 
amendment, or conference report carrying a Federal income tax 
rate increase may not be considered as passed or agreed to 
unless so determined by a vote of not less than three-fifths of 
the Members voting, a quorum being present.'' The Committee has 
carefully reviewed the bill, and states that the bill does not 
involve any Federal income tax rate increases within the 
meaning of the rule.

                       E. Tax Complexity Analysis

    Section 4022(b) of the Internal Revenue Service 
Restructuring and Reform Act of 1998 (``IRS Reform Act'') 
requires the staff of the Joint Committee on Taxation (in 
consultation with the Internal Revenue Service and the Treasury 
Department) to provide a tax complexity analysis. The 
complexity analysis is required for all legislation reported by 
the Senate Committee on Finance, the House Committee on Ways 
and Means, or any committee of conference if the legislation 
includes a provision that directly or indirectly amends the 
Internal Revenue Code and has widespread applicability to 
individuals or small businesses.
    Pursuant to clause 3(h)(1) of rule XIII of the Rules of the 
House of Representatives, the staff of the Joint Committee on 
Taxation has determined that a complexity analysis is not 
required under section 4022(b) of the IRS Reform Act because 
the bill contains no provisions that amend the Internal Revenue 
Code and that have ``widespread applicability'' to individuals 
or small businesses, within the meaning of the rule.

  F. Congressional Earmarks, Limited Tax Benefits, and Limited Tariff 
                                Benefits

    With respect to clause 9 of rule XXI of the Rules of the 
House of Representatives, the Committee has carefully reviewed 
the provisions of the bill, and states that the provisions of 
the bill do not contain any congressional earmarks, limited tax 
benefits, or limited tariff benefits within the meaning of the 
rule.

                   G. Duplication of Federal Programs

    In compliance with Sec. 3(g)(2) of H. Res. 5 (114th 
Congress), the Committee states that no provision of the bill 
establishes or reauthorizes: (1) a program of the Federal 
Government known to be duplicative of another Federal program, 
(2) a program included in any report from the Government 
Accountability Office to Congress pursuant to section 21 of 
Public Law 111-139, or (3) a program related to a program 
identified in the most recent Catalog of Federal Domestic 
Assistance, published pursuant to the Federal Program 
Information Act (Public Law 95-220, as amended by Public Law 
98-169).

                 H. Disclosure of Directed Rule Makings

    In compliance with Sec. 3(i) of H. Res. 5 (114th Congress), 
the following statement is made concerning directed rule 
makings: The Committee estimates that the bill requires no 
directed rule makings within the meaning of such section.

       VI. CHANGES IN EXISTING LAW MADE BY THE BILL, AS REPORTED


  A. Text of Existing Law Amended or Repealed by the Bill, as Reported

    In compliance with clause 3(e)(1)(A) of rule XIII of the 
Rules of the House of Representatives, the text of each section 
proposed to be amended or repealed by the bill, as reported, is 
shown below:

   Text of Existing Law Amended or Repealed by the Bill, as Reported

  In compliance with clause 3(e)(1)(A) of rule XIII of the 
Rules of the House of Representatives, the text of each section 
proposed to be amended or repealed by the bill, as reported, is 
shown below:

            SECTION 62 OF THE INTERNAL REVENUE CODE OF 1986


SEC. 62. ADJUSTED GROSS INCOME DEFINED.

  (a) General Rule.--For purposes of this subtitle, the term 
``adjusted gross income'' means, in the case of an individual, 
gross income minus the following deductions:
          (1) Trade and business deductions.--The deductions 
        allowed by this chapter (other than by part VII of this 
        subchapter) which are attributable to a trade or 
        business carried on by the taxpayer, if such trade or 
        business does not consist of the performance of 
        services by the taxpayer as an employee.
          (2) Certain trade and business deductions of 
        employees.--
                  (A) Reimbursed expenses of employees.--The 
                deductions allowed by part VI (section 161 and 
                following) which consist of expenses paid or 
                incurred by the taxpayer, in connection with 
                the performance by him of services as an 
                employee, under a reimbursement or other 
                expense allowance arrangement with his 
                employer. The fact that the reimbursement may 
                be provided by a third party shall not be 
                determinative of whether or not the preceding 
                sentence applies.
                  (B) Certain expenses of performing artists.--
                The deductions allowed by section 162 which 
                consist of expenses paid or incurred by a 
                qualified performing artist in connection with 
                the performances by him of services in the 
                performing arts as an employee.
                  (C) Certain expenses of officials.--The 
                deductions allowed by section 162 which consist 
                of expenses paid or incurred with respect to 
                services performed by an official as an 
                employee of a State or a political subdivision 
                thereof in a position compensated in whole or 
                in part on a fee basis.
                  (D) Certain expenses of elementary and 
                secondary school teachers.--In the case of 
                taxable years beginning during 2002, 2003, 
                2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2010, 2011, 
                2012, 2013, or 2014, the deductions allowed by 
                section 162 which consist of expenses, not in 
                excess of $250, paid or incurred by an eligible 
                educator in connection with books, supplies 
                (other than nonathletic supplies for courses of 
                instruction in health or physical education), 
                computer equipment (including related software 
                and services) and other equipment, and 
                supplementary materials used by the eligible 
                educator in the classroom.
                  (E) Certain expenses of members of reserve 
                components of the Armed Forces of the United 
                States.--The deductions allowed by section 162 
                which consist of expenses, determined at a rate 
                not in excess of the rates for travel expenses 
                (including per diem in lieu of subsistence) 
                authorized for employees of agencies under 
                subchapter I of chapter 57 of title 5, United 
                States Code, paid or incurred by the taxpayer 
                in connection with the performance of services 
                by such taxpayer as a member of a reserve 
                component of the Armed Forces of the United 
                States for any period during which such 
                individual is more than 100 miles away from 
                home in connection with such services.
          (3) Losses from sale or exchange of property.--The 
        deductions allowed by part VI (sec. 161 and following) 
        as losses from the sale or exchange of property.
          (4) Deductions attributable to rents and royalties.--
        The deductions allowed by part VI (sec. 161 and 
        following), by section 212 (relating to expenses for 
        production of income), and by section 611 (relating to 
        depletion) which are attributable to property held for 
        the production of rents or royalties.
          (5) Certain deductions of life tenants and income 
        beneficiaries of property.--In the case of a life 
        tenant of property, or an income beneficiary of 
        property held in trust, or an heir, legatee, or devisee 
        of an estate, the deduction for depreciation allowed by 
        section 167 and the deduction allowed by section 611.
          (6) Pension, profit-sharing, and annuity plans of 
        self-employed individuals.--In the case of an 
        individual who is an employee within the meaning of 
        section 401(c)(1), the deduction allowed by section 
        404.
          (7) Retirement savings.--The deduction allowed by 
        section 219 (relating to deduction of certain 
        retirement savings).
          (9) Penalties forfeited because of premature 
        withdrawal of funds from time savings accounts or 
        deposits.--The deductions allowed by section 165 for 
        losses incurred in any transaction entered into for 
        profit, though not connected with a trade or business, 
        to the extent that such losses include amounts 
        forfeited to a bank, mutual savings bank, savings and 
        loan association, building and loan association, 
        cooperative bank or homestead association as a penalty 
        for premature withdrawal of funds from a time savings 
        account, certificate of deposit, or similar class of 
        deposit.
          (10) Alimony.--The deduction allowed by section 215.
          (11) Reforestation expenses.--The deduction allowed 
        by section 194.
          (12) Certain required repayments of supplemental 
        unemployment compensation benefits.--The deduction 
        allowed by section 165 for the repayment to a trust 
        described in paragraph (9) or (17) of section 501(c) of 
        supplemental unemployment compensation benefits 
        received from such trust if such repayment is required 
        because of the receipt of trade readjustment allowances 
        under section 231 or 232 of the Trade Act of 1974 (19 
        U.S.C. Sec. 2291 and 2292).
          (13) Jury duty pay remitted to employer.--Any 
        deduction allowable under this chapter by reason of an 
        individual remitting any portion of any jury pay to 
        such individual's employer in exchange for payment by 
        the employer of compensation for the period such 
        individual was performing jury duty. For purposes of 
        the preceding sentence, the term ``jury pay'' means any 
        payment received by the individual for the discharge of 
        jury duty.
          (15) Moving expenses.--The deduction allowed by 
        section 217.
          (16) Archer MSAs.--The deduction allowed by section 
        220.
          (17) Interest on education loans.--The deduction 
        allowed by section 221.
          (18) Higher education expenses.--The deduction 
        allowed by section 222.
          (19) Health savings accounts.--The deduction allowed 
        by section 223.
          (20) Costs involving discrimination suits, etc..--Any 
        deduction allowable under this chapter for attorney 
        fees and court costs paid by, or on behalf of, the 
        taxpayer in connection with any action involving a 
        claim of unlawful discrimination (as defined in 
        subsection (e)) or a claim of a violation of subchapter 
        III of chapter 37 of title 31, United States Code or a 
        claim made under section 1862(b)(3)(A) of the Social 
        Security Act (42 U.S.C. 1395y(b)(3)(A)). The preceding 
        sentence shall not apply to any deduction in excess of 
        the amount includible in the taxpayer's gross income 
        for the taxable year on account of a judgment or 
        settlement (whether by suit or agreement and whether as 
        lump sum or periodic payments) resulting from such 
        claim.
          (21) Attorneys fees relating to awards to 
        whistleblowers.--Any deduction allowable under this 
        chapter for attorney fees and court costs paid by, or 
        on behalf of, the taxpayer in connection with any award 
        under section 7623(b) (relating to awards to 
        whistleblowers). The preceding sentence shall not apply 
        to any deduction in excess of the amount includible in 
        the taxpayer's gross income for the taxable year on 
        account of such award.
        Nothing in this section shall permit the same item to 
        be deducted more than once.
  (b) Qualified Performing Artist.--
          (1) In general.--For purposes of subsection 
        (a)(2)(B), the term ``qualified performing artist'' 
        means, with respect to any taxable year, any individual 
        if--
                  (A) such individual performed services in the 
                performing arts as an employee during the 
                taxable year for at least 2 employers,
                  (B) the aggregate amount allowable as a 
                deduction under section 162 in connection with 
                the performance of such services exceeds 10 
                percent of such individual's gross income 
                attributable to the performance of such 
                services, and
                  (C) the adjusted gross income of such 
                individual for the taxable year (determined 
                without regard to subsection (a)(2)(B)) does 
                not exceed $16,000.
          (2) Nominal employer not taken into account.--An 
        individual shall not be treated as performing services 
        in the performing arts as an employee for any employer 
        during any taxable year unless the amount received by 
        such individual from such employer for the performance 
        of such services during the taxable year equals or 
        exceeds $200.
          (3) Special rules for married couples.--
                  (A) In general.--Except in the case of a 
                husband and wife who lived apart at all times 
                during the taxable year, if the taxpayer is 
                married at the close of the taxable year, 
                subsection (a)(2)(B) shall apply only if the 
                taxpayer and his spouse file a joint return for 
                the taxable year.
                  (B) Application of paragraph (1).--In the 
                case of a joint return--
                          (i) paragraph (1) (other than 
                        subparagraph (C) thereof) shall be 
                        applied separately with respect to each 
                        spouse, but
                          (ii) paragraph (1)(C) shall be 
                        applied with respect to their combined 
                        adjusted gross income.
                  (C) Determination of marital status.--For 
                purposes of this subsection, marital status 
                shall be determined under section 7703(a).
                  (D) Joint return.--For purposes of this 
                subsection, the term ``joint return'' means the 
                joint return of a husband and wife made under 
                section 6013.
  (c) Certain Arrangements Not Treated as Reimbursement 
Arrangements.--For purposes of subsection (a)(2)(A), an 
arrangement shall in no event be treated as a reimbursement or 
other expense allowance arrangement if--
          (1) such arrangement does not require the employee to 
        substantiate the expenses covered by the arrangement to 
        the person providing the reimbursement, or
          (2) such arrangement provides the employee the right 
        to retain any amount in excess of the substantiated 
        expenses covered under the arrangement.
The substantiation requirements of the preceding sentence shall 
not apply to any expense to the extent that substantiation is 
not required under section 274(d) for such expense by reason of 
the regulations prescribed under the 2nd sentence thereof.
  (d) Definition; Special Rules.--
          (1) Eligible educator.--
                  (A) In general.--For purposes of subsection 
                (a)(2)(D), the term ``eligible educator'' 
                means, with respect to any taxable year, an 
                individual who is a kindergarten through grade 
                12 teacher, instructor, counselor, principal, 
                or aide in a school for at least 900 hours 
                during a school year.
                  (B) School.--The term ``school'' means any 
                school which provides elementary education or 
                secondary education (kindergarten through grade 
                12), as determined under State law.
          (2) Coordination with exclusions.--A deduction shall 
        be allowed under subsection (a)(2)(D) for expenses only 
        to the extent the amount of such expenses exceeds the 
        amount excludable under section 135, 529(c)(1), or 
        530(d)(2) for the taxable year.
  (e) Unlawful Discrimination Defined.--For purposes of 
subsection (a)(20), the term ``unlawful discrimination'' means 
an act that is unlawful under any of the following:
          (1) Section 302 of the Civil Rights Act of 1991 (2 
        U.S.C. 1202).
          (2) Section 201, 202, 203, 204, 205, 206, or 207 of 
        the Congressional Accountability Act of 1995 (2 U.S.C. 
        1311, 1312, 1313, 1314, 1315, 1316, or 1317).
          (3) The National Labor Relations Act (29 U.S.C. 151 
        et seq.).
          (4) The Fair Labor Standards Act of 1938 (29 U.S.C. 
        201 et seq.).
          (5) Section 4 or 15 of the Age Discrimination in 
        Employment Act of 1967 (29 U.S.C. 623 or 633a).
          (6) Section 501 or 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 
        1973 (29 U.S.C. 791 or 794).
          (7) Section 510 of the Employee Retirement Income 
        Security Act of 1974 (29 U.S.C. 1140).
          (8) Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972 (20 
        U.S.C. 1681 et seq.).
          (9) The Employee Polygraph Protection Act of 1988 (29 
        U.S.C. 2001 et seq.).
          (10) The Worker Adjustment and Retraining 
        Notification Act (29 U.S.C. 2102 et seq.).
          (11) Section 105 of the Family and Medical Leave Act 
        of 1993 (29 U.S.C. 2615).
          (12) Chapter 43 of title 38, United States Code 
        (relating to employment and reemployment rights of 
        members of the uniformed services).
          (13) Section 1977, 1979, or 1980 of the Revised 
        Statutes (42 U.S.C. 1981, 1983, or 1985).
          (14) Section 703, 704, or 717 of the Civil Rights Act 
        of 1964 (42 U.S.C. 2000e-2, 2000e-3, or 2000e-16).
          (15) Section 804, 805, 806, 808, or 818 of the Fair 
        Housing Act (42 U.S.C. 3604, 3605, 3606, 3608, or 
        3617).
          (16) Section 102, 202, 302, or 503 of the Americans 
        with Disabilities Act of 1990 (42 U.S.C. 12112, 12132, 
        12182, or 12203).
          (17) Any provision of Federal law (popularly known as 
        whistleblower protection provisions) prohibiting the 
        discharge of an employee, the discrimination against an 
        employee, or any other form of retaliation or reprisal 
        against an employee for asserting rights or taking 
        other actions permitted under Federal law.
          (18) Any provision of Federal, State, or local law, 
        or common law claims permitted under Federal, State, or 
        local law--
                  (i) providing for the enforcement of civil 
                rights, or
                  (ii) regulating any aspect of the employment 
                relationship, including claims for wages, 
                compensation, or benefits, or prohibiting the 
                discharge of an employee, the discrimination 
                against an employee, or any other form of 
                retaliation or reprisal against an employee for 
                asserting rights or taking other actions 
                permitted by law.

      B. Changes in Existing Law Proposed by the Bill, as Reported

    In compliance with clause 3(e)(1)(B) of rule XIII of the 
Rules of the House of Representatives, changes in existing law 
proposed by the bill, as reported, are shown as follows 
(existing law proposed to be omitted is enclosed in black 
brackets, new matter is printed in italics, existing law in 
which no change is proposed is shown in roman):

         Changes in Existing Law Made by the Bill, as Reported

  In compliance with clause 3(e)(1)(B) of rule XIII of the 
Rules of the House of Representatives, changes in existing law 
proposed by the bill, as reported, are shown as follows 
(existing law proposed to be omitted is enclosed in black 
brackets, new matter is printed in italics, and existing law in 
which no change is proposed is shown in roman):

            SECTION 62 OF THE INTERNAL REVENUE CODE OF 1986


SEC. 62. ADJUSTED GROSS INCOME DEFINED.

  (a) General Rule.--For purposes of this subtitle, the term 
``adjusted gross income'' means, in the case of an individual, 
gross income minus the following deductions:
          (1) Trade and business deductions.--The deductions 
        allowed by this chapter (other than by part VII of this 
        subchapter) which are attributable to a trade or 
        business carried on by the taxpayer, if such trade or 
        business does not consist of the performance of 
        services by the taxpayer as an employee.
          (2) Certain trade and business deductions of 
        employees.--
                  (A) Reimbursed expenses of employees.--The 
                deductions allowed by part VI (section 161 and 
                following) which consist of expenses paid or 
                incurred by the taxpayer, in connection with 
                the performance by him of services as an 
                employee, under a reimbursement or other 
                expense allowance arrangement with his 
                employer. The fact that the reimbursement may 
                be provided by a third party shall not be 
                determinative of whether or not the preceding 
                sentence applies.
                  (B) Certain expenses of performing artists.--
                The deductions allowed by section 162 which 
                consist of expenses paid or incurred by a 
                qualified performing artist in connection with 
                the performances by him of services in the 
                performing arts as an employee.
                  (C) Certain expenses of officials.--The 
                deductions allowed by section 162 which consist 
                of expenses paid or incurred with respect to 
                services performed by an official as an 
                employee of a State or a political subdivision 
                thereof in a position compensated in whole or 
                in part on a fee basis.
                  (D) Certain expenses of elementary and 
                secondary school teachers.--[In the case of 
                taxable years beginning during 2002, 2003, 
                2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2010, 2011, 
                2012, 2013, or 2014, the deductions] The 
                deductions allowed by section 162 which consist 
                of expenses, not in excess of $250, paid or 
                incurred by an eligible [educator in connection 
                with books, supplies (other than nonathletic 
                supplies for courses of instruction in health 
                or physical education), computer equipment 
                (including related software and services) and 
                other equipment, and supplementary materials 
                used by the eligible educator in the 
                classroom.] educator--
                          (i) by reason of the participation of 
                        the educator in professional 
                        development courses related to the 
                        curriculum in which the educator 
                        provides instruction or to the students 
                        for which the educator provides 
                        instruction, and
                          (ii) in connection with books, 
                        supplies (other than nonathletic 
                        supplies for courses of instruction in 
                        health or physical education), computer 
                        equipment (including related software 
                        and services) and other equipment, and 
                        supplementary materials used by the 
                        eligible educator in the classroom.
                  (E) Certain expenses of members of reserve 
                components of the Armed Forces of the United 
                States.--The deductions allowed by section 162 
                which consist of expenses, determined at a rate 
                not in excess of the rates for travel expenses 
                (including per diem in lieu of subsistence) 
                authorized for employees of agencies under 
                subchapter I of chapter 57 of title 5, United 
                States Code, paid or incurred by the taxpayer 
                in connection with the performance of services 
                by such taxpayer as a member of a reserve 
                component of the Armed Forces of the United 
                States for any period during which such 
                individual is more than 100 miles away from 
                home in connection with such services.
          (3) Losses from sale or exchange of property.--The 
        deductions allowed by part VI (sec. 161 and following) 
        as losses from the sale or exchange of property.
          (4) Deductions attributable to rents and royalties.--
        The deductions allowed by part VI (sec. 161 and 
        following), by section 212 (relating to expenses for 
        production of income), and by section 611 (relating to 
        depletion) which are attributable to property held for 
        the production of rents or royalties.
          (5) Certain deductions of life tenants and income 
        beneficiaries of property.--In the case of a life 
        tenant of property, or an income beneficiary of 
        property held in trust, or an heir, legatee, or devisee 
        of an estate, the deduction for depreciation allowed by 
        section 167 and the deduction allowed by section 611.
          (6) Pension, profit-sharing, and annuity plans of 
        self-employed individuals.--In the case of an 
        individual who is an employee within the meaning of 
        section 401(c)(1), the deduction allowed by section 
        404.
          (7) Retirement savings.--The deduction allowed by 
        section 219 (relating to deduction of certain 
        retirement savings).
          (9) Penalties forfeited because of premature 
        withdrawal of funds from time savings accounts or 
        deposits.--The deductions allowed by section 165 for 
        losses incurred in any transaction entered into for 
        profit, though not connected with a trade or business, 
        to the extent that such losses include amounts 
        forfeited to a bank, mutual savings bank, savings and 
        loan association, building and loan association, 
        cooperative bank or homestead association as a penalty 
        for premature withdrawal of funds from a time savings 
        account, certificate of deposit, or similar class of 
        deposit.
          (10) Alimony.--The deduction allowed by section 215.
          (11) Reforestation expenses.--The deduction allowed 
        by section 194.
          (12) Certain required repayments of supplemental 
        unemployment compensation benefits.--The deduction 
        allowed by section 165 for the repayment to a trust 
        described in paragraph (9) or (17) of section 501(c) of 
        supplemental unemployment compensation benefits 
        received from such trust if such repayment is required 
        because of the receipt of trade readjustment allowances 
        under section 231 or 232 of the Trade Act of 1974 (19 
        U.S.C. Sec. 2291 and 2292).
          (13) Jury duty pay remitted to employer.--Any 
        deduction allowable under this chapter by reason of an 
        individual remitting any portion of any jury pay to 
        such individual's employer in exchange for payment by 
        the employer of compensation for the period such 
        individual was performing jury duty. For purposes of 
        the preceding sentence, the term ``jury pay'' means any 
        payment received by the individual for the discharge of 
        jury duty.
          (15) Moving expenses.--The deduction allowed by 
        section 217.
          (16) Archer MSAs.--The deduction allowed by section 
        220.
          (17) Interest on education loans.--The deduction 
        allowed by section 221.
          (18) Higher education expenses.--The deduction 
        allowed by section 222.
          (19) Health savings accounts.--The deduction allowed 
        by section 223.
          (20) Costs involving discrimination suits, etc..--Any 
        deduction allowable under this chapter for attorney 
        fees and court costs paid by, or on behalf of, the 
        taxpayer in connection with any action involving a 
        claim of unlawful discrimination (as defined in 
        subsection (e)) or a claim of a violation of subchapter 
        III of chapter 37 of title 31, United States Code or a 
        claim made under section 1862(b)(3)(A) of the Social 
        Security Act (42 U.S.C. 1395y(b)(3)(A)). The preceding 
        sentence shall not apply to any deduction in excess of 
        the amount includible in the taxpayer's gross income 
        for the taxable year on account of a judgment or 
        settlement (whether by suit or agreement and whether as 
        lump sum or periodic payments) resulting from such 
        claim.
          (21) Attorneys fees relating to awards to 
        whistleblowers.--Any deduction allowable under this 
        chapter for attorney fees and court costs paid by, or 
        on behalf of, the taxpayer in connection with any award 
        under section 7623(b) (relating to awards to 
        whistleblowers). The preceding sentence shall not apply 
        to any deduction in excess of the amount includible in 
        the taxpayer's gross income for the taxable year on 
        account of such award.
        Nothing in this section shall permit the same item to 
        be deducted more than once.
  (b) Qualified Performing Artist.--
          (1) In general.--For purposes of subsection 
        (a)(2)(B), the term ``qualified performing artist'' 
        means, with respect to any taxable year, any individual 
        if--
                  (A) such individual performed services in the 
                performing arts as an employee during the 
                taxable year for at least 2 employers,
                  (B) the aggregate amount allowable as a 
                deduction under section 162 in connection with 
                the performance of such services exceeds 10 
                percent of such individual's gross income 
                attributable to the performance of such 
                services, and
                  (C) the adjusted gross income of such 
                individual for the taxable year (determined 
                without regard to subsection (a)(2)(B)) does 
                not exceed $16,000.
          (2) Nominal employer not taken into account.--An 
        individual shall not be treated as performing services 
        in the performing arts as an employee for any employer 
        during any taxable year unless the amount received by 
        such individual from such employer for the performance 
        of such services during the taxable year equals or 
        exceeds $200.
          (3) Special rules for married couples.--
                  (A) In general.--Except in the case of a 
                husband and wife who lived apart at all times 
                during the taxable year, if the taxpayer is 
                married at the close of the taxable year, 
                subsection (a)(2)(B) shall apply only if the 
                taxpayer and his spouse file a joint return for 
                the taxable year.
                  (B) Application of paragraph (1).--In the 
                case of a joint return--
                          (i) paragraph (1) (other than 
                        subparagraph (C) thereof) shall be 
                        applied separately with respect to each 
                        spouse, but
                          (ii) paragraph (1)(C) shall be 
                        applied with respect to their combined 
                        adjusted gross income.
                  (C) Determination of marital status.--For 
                purposes of this subsection, marital status 
                shall be determined under section 7703(a).
                  (D) Joint return.--For purposes of this 
                subsection, the term ``joint return'' means the 
                joint return of a husband and wife made under 
                section 6013.
  (c) Certain Arrangements Not Treated as Reimbursement 
Arrangements.--For purposes of subsection (a)(2)(A), an 
arrangement shall in no event be treated as a reimbursement or 
other expense allowance arrangement if--
          (1) such arrangement does not require the employee to 
        substantiate the expenses covered by the arrangement to 
        the person providing the reimbursement, or
          (2) such arrangement provides the employee the right 
        to retain any amount in excess of the substantiated 
        expenses covered under the arrangement.
The substantiation requirements of the preceding sentence shall 
not apply to any expense to the extent that substantiation is 
not required under section 274(d) for such expense by reason of 
the regulations prescribed under the 2nd sentence thereof.
  (d) Definition; Special Rules.--
          (1) Eligible educator.--
                  (A) In general.--For purposes of subsection 
                (a)(2)(D), the term ``eligible educator'' 
                means, with respect to any taxable year, an 
                individual who is a kindergarten through grade 
                12 teacher, instructor, counselor, principal, 
                or aide in a school for at least 900 hours 
                during a school year.
                  (B) School.--The term ``school'' means any 
                school which provides elementary education or 
                secondary education (kindergarten through grade 
                12), as determined under State law.
          (2) Coordination with exclusions.--A deduction shall 
        be allowed under subsection (a)(2)(D) for expenses only 
        to the extent the amount of such expenses exceeds the 
        amount excludable under section 135, 529(c)(1), or 
        530(d)(2) for the taxable year.
          (3) Inflation adjustment.--In the case of any taxable 
        year beginning after 2014, the $250 amount in 
        subsection (a)(2)(D) shall be increased by an amount 
        equal to--
                  (A) such dollar amount, multiplied by
                  (B) the cost-of-living adjustment determined 
                under section 1(f)(3) for the calendar year in 
                which the taxable year begins, determined by 
                substituting ``calendar year 2013'' for 
                ``calendar year 1992'' in subparagraph (B) 
                thereof.
        Any increase determined under the preceding sentence 
        shall be rounded to the nearest multiple of $50.
  (e) Unlawful Discrimination Defined.--For purposes of 
subsection (a)(20), the term ``unlawful discrimination'' means 
an act that is unlawful under any of the following:
          (1) Section 302 of the Civil Rights Act of 1991 (2 
        U.S.C. 1202).
          (2) Section 201, 202, 203, 204, 205, 206, or 207 of 
        the Congressional Accountability Act of 1995 (2 U.S.C. 
        1311, 1312, 1313, 1314, 1315, 1316, or 1317).
          (3) The National Labor Relations Act (29 U.S.C. 151 
        et seq.).
          (4) The Fair Labor Standards Act of 1938 (29 U.S.C. 
        201 et seq.).
          (5) Section 4 or 15 of the Age Discrimination in 
        Employment Act of 1967 (29 U.S.C. 623 or 633a).
          (6) Section 501 or 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 
        1973 (29 U.S.C. 791 or 794).
          (7) Section 510 of the Employee Retirement Income 
        Security Act of 1974 (29 U.S.C. 1140).
          (8) Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972 (20 
        U.S.C. 1681 et seq.).
          (9) The Employee Polygraph Protection Act of 1988 (29 
        U.S.C. 2001 et seq.).
          (10) The Worker Adjustment and Retraining 
        Notification Act (29 U.S.C. 2102 et seq.).
          (11) Section 105 of the Family and Medical Leave Act 
        of 1993 (29 U.S.C. 2615).
          (12) Chapter 43 of title 38, United States Code 
        (relating to employment and reemployment rights of 
        members of the uniformed services).
          (13) Section 1977, 1979, or 1980 of the Revised 
        Statutes (42 U.S.C. 1981, 1983, or 1985).
          (14) Section 703, 704, or 717 of the Civil Rights Act 
        of 1964 (42 U.S.C. 2000e-2, 2000e-3, or 2000e-16).
          (15) Section 804, 805, 806, 808, or 818 of the Fair 
        Housing Act (42 U.S.C. 3604, 3605, 3606, 3608, or 
        3617).
          (16) Section 102, 202, 302, or 503 of the Americans 
        with Disabilities Act of 1990 (42 U.S.C. 12112, 12132, 
        12182, or 12203).
          (17) Any provision of Federal law (popularly known as 
        whistleblower protection provisions) prohibiting the 
        discharge of an employee, the discrimination against an 
        employee, or any other form of retaliation or reprisal 
        against an employee for asserting rights or taking 
        other actions permitted under Federal law.
          (18) Any provision of Federal, State, or local law, 
        or common law claims permitted under Federal, State, or 
        local law--
                  (i) providing for the enforcement of civil 
                rights, or
                  (ii) regulating any aspect of the employment 
                relationship, including claims for wages, 
                compensation, or benefits, or prohibiting the 
                discharge of an employee, the discrimination 
                against an employee, or any other form of 
                retaliation or reprisal against an employee for 
                asserting rights or taking other actions 
                permitted by law.

                         VII. DISSENTING VIEWS

    The five permanent, unpaid-for tax extender bills approved 
by the Republicans at the markup would add more than $411 
billion to the deficit. Combined with the eleven tax bills that 
were approved by the Republicans in previous markups this 
Congress, these sixteen tax bills would add more than $1 
trillion to the deficit. In the 113th Congress, Ways and Means 
Committee Republicans selectively approved fourteen of the more 
than fifty expired tax provisions, totaling more than $825 
billion worth of deficit-financed, permanent tax cuts. This 
selective approach failed last Congress, with none of these 
permanent provisions being enacted into law. The bills marked 
up by the Committee set us down a partisan path, when we should 
be working in a responsible, bipartisan manner on tax reform.
    Even though a number of these bills were introduced 
individually with some bipartisan support, our opposition to 
these bills is based on the position that these tax provisions 
should not be made permanent without any revenue offset. The 
fiscally irresponsible approach that the Committee Republicans 
are taking with respect to this and other important legislation 
undermines the bipartisan support that some of the provisions 
enjoy. In fact, this provision was repealed in the Republican 
tax reform plan (H.R. 1) introduced by the Ways and Means 
Committee Chairman last Congress. The cost of this provision 
should be offset, and Republicans should stop playing games by 
passing these important provisions outside of comprehensive tax 
reform. The American people expect a tax code that maintains 
and supports our shared priorities, and each time the Committee 
considers these permanent tax bills in a piecemeal approach, it 
is taking a step in the wrong direction and away from 
comprehensive tax reform.
    We all support provisions that help our nation's teachers 
with their out-of-pocket classroom expenses that continue to 
increase as a direct result of our underfunded education 
system. However, expired provisions must be dealt with in a 
comprehensive manner. The Republicans did not take up other tax 
extenders that also are important to Democratic Committee 
Members. Left to an uncertain fate are provisions like the Work 
Opportunity Tax Credit, the New Markets Tax Credit, and the 
renewable energy tax credits, as well as the long-term status 
of the Earned Income Tax Credit, the Child Tax Credit, and the 
American Opportunity Tax Credit.

            Sincerely,
                                           Sander M. Levin,
                                                    Ranking Member.