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   114th Congress }                                  { Report
     1st Session  }      HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES    { 114-318
                                                      
_______________________________________________________________________

                                     


     SURFACE TRANSPORTATION REAUTHORIZATION AND REFORM ACT OF 2015

                               ----------                              

                              R E P O R T

                                 of the

             COMMITTEE ON TRANSPORTATION AND INFRASTRUCTURE

                              to accompany

                               H.R. 3763







October 29, 2015.--Committed to the Committee of the Whole House on the 
              State of the Union and ordered to be printed







   114th Congress }                                  { Report
     1st Session  }      HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES    { 114-318
_______________________________________________________________________

                                     


     SURFACE TRANSPORTATION REAUTHORIZATION AND REFORM ACT OF 2015

                               __________

                              R E P O R T

                                 of the

             COMMITTEE ON TRANSPORTATION AND INFRASTRUCTURE

                              to accompany

                               H.R. 3763
                               





October 29, 2015.--Committed to the Committee of the Whole House on the 
              State of the Union and ordered to be printed
              
                                __________
                                
             
                 U.S. GOVERNMENT PUBLISHING OFFICE
97-358                   WASHINGTON : 2015
              
              


                            C O N T E N T S

                              ----------                              
                                                                   Page
Purpose of Legislation...........................................   153
Background and Need for Legislation..............................   153
Hearings.........................................................   158
Legislative History and Consideration............................   159
Committee Votes..................................................   161
Committee Oversight Findings.....................................   164
New Budget Authority and Tax Expenditures........................   164
Congressional Budget Office Cost Estimate........................   164
Performance Goals and Objectives.................................   164
Advisory of Earmarks.............................................   164
Duplication of Federal Programs..................................   164
Disclosure of Directed Rule Makings..............................   165
Federal Mandate Statement........................................
Preemption Clarification.........................................   165
Advisory Committee Statement.....................................   166
Applicability of Legislative Branch..............................   166
Section-by-Section Analysis of Legislation.......................   166
Additional Matters...............................................
Changes in Existing Law Made by the Bill, as Reported............   199
114th Congress                                                   Report
                        HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
 1st Session                                                    114-318

======================================================================



 
     SURFACE TRANSPORTATION REAUTHORIZATION AND REFORM ACT OF 2015

                                _______
                                

October 29, 2015.--Committed to the Committee of the Whole House on the 
              State of the Union and ordered to be printed

                                _______
                                

 Mr. Shuster, from the Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure, 
                        submitted the following

                              R E P O R T

                        [To accompany H.R. 3763]

      [Including cost estimate of the Congressional Budget Office]

    The Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure, to whom 
was referred the bill (H.R. 3763) to authorize funds for 
Federal-aid highways, highway safety programs, and transit 
programs, and for other purposes, having considered the same, 
report favorably thereon with an amendment and recommend that 
the bill as amended do pass.
    The amendment is as follows:
  Strike all after the enacting clause and insert the 
following:

SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE; TABLE OF CONTENTS.

  (a) Short Title.--This Act may be cited as the ``Surface 
Transportation Reauthorization and Reform Act of 2015''.
  (b) Table of Contents.--The table of contents for this Act is as 
follows:

Sec. 1. Short title; table of contents.
Sec. 2. Definitions.
Sec. 3. Effective date.

                     TITLE I--FEDERAL-AID HIGHWAYS

                Subtitle A--Authorizations and Programs

Sec. 1101. Authorization of appropriations.
Sec. 1102. Obligation ceiling.
Sec. 1103. Definitions.
Sec. 1104. Apportionment.
Sec. 1105. National highway performance program.
Sec. 1106. Surface transportation block grant program.
Sec. 1107. Railway-highway grade crossings.
Sec. 1108. Highway safety improvement program.
Sec. 1109. Congestion mitigation and air quality improvement program.
Sec. 1110. National highway freight policy.
Sec. 1111. Nationally significant freight and highway projects.
Sec. 1112. Territorial and Puerto Rico highway program.
Sec. 1113. Federal lands and tribal transportation program.
Sec. 1114. Tribal transportation program.
Sec. 1115. Federal lands transportation program.
Sec. 1116. Tribal transportation self-governance program.
Sec. 1117. Emergency relief.
Sec. 1118. Highway use tax evasion projects.
Sec. 1119. Bundling of bridge projects.
Sec. 1120. Tribal High Priority Projects program.
Sec. 1121. Construction of ferry boats and ferry terminal facilities.

            Subtitle B--Planning and Performance Management

Sec. 1201. Metropolitan transportation planning.
Sec. 1202. Statewide and nonmetropolitan transportation planning.

              Subtitle C--Acceleration of Project Delivery

Sec. 1301. Satisfaction of requirements for certain historic sites.
Sec. 1302. Treatment of improvements to rail and transit under 
preservation requirements.
Sec. 1303. Clarification of transportation environmental authorities.
Sec. 1304. Treatment of certain bridges under preservation 
requirements.
Sec. 1305. Efficient environmental reviews for project decisionmaking.
Sec. 1306. Improving transparency in environmental reviews.
Sec. 1307. Integration of planning and environmental review.
Sec. 1308. Development of programmatic mitigation plans.
Sec. 1309. Delegation of authorities.
Sec. 1310. Categorical exclusion for projects of limited Federal 
assistance.
Sec. 1311. Application of categorical exclusions for multimodal 
projects.
Sec. 1312. Surface transportation project delivery program.
Sec. 1313. Program for eliminating duplication of environmental 
reviews.
Sec. 1314. Assessment of progress on accelerating project delivery.
Sec. 1315. Improving State and Federal agency engagement in 
environmental reviews.
Sec. 1316. Accelerated decisionmaking in environmental reviews.
Sec. 1317. Aligning Federal environmental reviews.

                       Subtitle D--Miscellaneous

Sec. 1401. Tolling; HOV facilities; Interstate reconstruction and 
rehabilitation.
Sec. 1402. Prohibition on the use of funds for automated traffic 
enforcement.
Sec. 1403. Minimum penalties for repeat offenders for driving while 
intoxicated or driving under the influence.
Sec. 1404. Highway Trust Fund transparency and accountability.
Sec. 1405. High priority corridors on National Highway System.
Sec. 1406. Flexibility for projects.
Sec. 1407. Productive and timely expenditure of funds.
Sec. 1408. Consolidation of programs.
Sec. 1409. Federal share payable.
Sec. 1410. Elimination or modification of certain reporting 
requirements.
Sec. 1411. Technical corrections.
Sec. 1412. Safety for users.
Sec. 1413. Design standards.
Sec. 1414. Reserve fund.
Sec. 1415. Adjustments.
Sec. 1416. National electric vehicle charging, hydrogen, and natural 
gas fueling corridors.
Sec. 1417. Ferries.
Sec. 1418. Study on performance of bridges.
Sec. 1419. Relinquishment of park-and-ride lot facilities.
Sec. 1420. Pilot program.
Sec. 1421. Innovative project delivery examples.
Sec. 1422. Administrative provisions to encourage pollinator habitat 
and forage on transportation rights-of-way.
Sec. 1423. Milk products.
Sec. 1424. Interstate weight limits for emergency vehicles.
Sec. 1425. Vehicle weight limitations--Interstate System.
Sec. 1426. New national goal, performance measure, and performance 
target.
Sec. 1427. Service club, charitable association, or religious service 
signs.
Sec. 1428. Work zone and guard rail safety training.
Sec. 1429. Motorcyclist advisory council.
Sec. 1430. Highway work zones.

                  TITLE II--INNOVATIVE PROJECT FINANCE

Sec. 2001. Transportation Infrastructure Finance and Innovation Act of 
1998 amendments.
Sec. 2002. State infrastructure bank program.
Sec. 2003. Availability payment concession model.

                    TITLE III--PUBLIC TRANSPORTATION

Sec. 3001. Short title.
Sec. 3002. Definitions.
Sec. 3003. Metropolitan and statewide transportation planning.
Sec. 3004. Urbanized area formula grants.
Sec. 3005. Fixed guideway capital investment grants.
Sec. 3006. Formula grants for enhanced mobility of seniors and 
individuals with disabilities.
Sec. 3007. Formula grants for rural areas.
Sec. 3008. Public transportation innovation.
Sec. 3009. Technical assistance and workforce development.
Sec. 3010. Bicycle facilities.
Sec. 3011. General provisions.
Sec. 3012. Public transportation safety program.
Sec. 3013. Apportionments.
Sec. 3014. State of good repair grants.
Sec. 3015. Authorizations.
Sec. 3016. Bus and bus facility grants.
Sec. 3017. Obligation ceiling.
Sec. 3018. Innovative procurement.
Sec. 3019. Review of public transportation safety standards.
Sec. 3020. Study on evidentiary protection for public transportation 
safety program information.
Sec. 3021. Mobility of seniors and individuals with disabilities.
Sec. 3022. Improved transit safety measures.
Sec. 3023. Paratransit system under FTA approved coordinated plan.

                        TITLE IV--HIGHWAY SAFETY

Sec. 4001. Authorization of appropriations.
Sec. 4002. Highway safety programs.
Sec. 4003. Highway safety research and development.
Sec. 4004. High-visibility enforcement program.
Sec. 4005. National priority safety programs.
Sec. 4006. Prohibition on funds to check helmet usage or create related 
checkpoints for a motorcycle driver or passenger.
Sec. 4007. Marijuana-impaired driving.
Sec. 4008. National priority safety program grant eligibility.
Sec. 4009. Data collection.
Sec. 4010. Technical corrections.

                     TITLE V--MOTOR CARRIER SAFETY

          Subtitle A--Motor Carrier Safety Grant Consolidation

Sec. 5101. Grants to States.
Sec. 5102. Performance and registration information systems management.
Sec. 5103. Authorization of appropriations.
Sec. 5104. Commercial driver's license program implementation.
Sec. 5105. Extension of Federal motor carrier safety programs for 
fiscal year 2016.
Sec. 5106. Motor carrier safety assistance program allocation.
Sec. 5107. Maintenance of effort calculation.

     Subtitle B--Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration Reform

                       Part I--Regulatory Reform

Sec. 5201. Notice of cancellation of insurance.
Sec. 5202. Regulations.
Sec. 5203. Guidance.
Sec. 5204. Petitions.

           Part II--Compliance, Safety, Accountability Reform

Sec. 5221. Correlation study.
Sec. 5222. Beyond compliance.
Sec. 5223. Data certification.
Sec. 5224. Interim hiring standard.

              Subtitle C--Commercial Motor Vehicle Safety

Sec. 5301. Implementing safety requirements.
Sec. 5302. Windshield mounted safety technology.
Sec. 5303. Prioritizing statutory rulemakings.
Sec. 5304. Safety reporting system.
Sec. 5305. New entrant safety review program.
Sec. 5306. Ready mixed concrete trucks.

              Subtitle D--Commercial Motor Vehicle Drivers

Sec. 5401. Opportunities for veterans.
Sec. 5402. Drug-free commercial drivers.
Sec. 5403. Certified medical examiners.
Sec. 5404. Graduated commercial driver's license pilot program.
Sec. 5405. Veterans expanded trucking opportunities.

                     Subtitle E--General Provisions

Sec. 5501. Minimum financial responsibility.
Sec. 5502. Delays in goods movement.
Sec. 5503. Report on motor carrier financial responsibility.
Sec. 5504. Emergency route working group.
Sec. 5505. Household goods consumer protection working group.
Sec. 5506. Technology improvements.
Sec. 5507. Notification regarding motor carrier registration.
Sec. 5508. Report on commercial driver's license skills test delays.
Sec. 5509. Covered farm vehicles.
Sec. 5510. Operators of hi-rail vehicles.
Sec. 5511. Electronic logging device requirements.
Sec. 5512. Technical corrections.
Sec. 5513. Automobile transporter.
Sec. 5514. Ready mix concrete delivery vehicles.

                          TITLE VI--INNOVATION

Sec. 6001. Short title.
Sec. 6002. Authorization of appropriations.
Sec. 6003. Advanced transportation and congestion management 
technologies deployment.
Sec. 6004. Technology and innovation deployment program.
Sec. 6005. Intelligent transportation system goals.
Sec. 6006. Intelligent transportation system program report.
Sec. 6007. Intelligent transportation system national architecture and 
standards.
Sec. 6008. Communication systems deployment report.
Sec. 6009. Infrastructure development.
Sec. 6010. Departmental research programs.
Sec. 6011. Research and Innovative Technology Administration.
Sec. 6012. Office of Intermodalism.
Sec. 6013. University transportation centers.
Sec. 6014. Bureau of Transportation Statistics.
Sec. 6015. Surface transportation system funding alternatives.
Sec. 6016. Future interstate study.
Sec. 6017. Highway efficiency.
Sec. 6018. Motorcycle safety.
Sec. 6019. Hazardous materials research and development.
Sec. 6020. Web-based training for emergency responders.
Sec. 6021. Transportation technology policy working group.
Sec. 6022. Collaboration and support.
Sec. 6023. Prize competitions.
Sec. 6024. GAO report.
Sec. 6025. Intelligent transportation system purposes.
Sec. 6026. Infrastructure integrity.

             TITLE VII--HAZARDOUS MATERIALS TRANSPORTATION

Sec. 7001. Short title.
Sec. 7002. Authorization of appropriations.
Sec. 7003. National emergency and disaster response.
Sec. 7004. Enhanced reporting.
Sec. 7005. Wetlines.
Sec. 7006. Improving publication of special permits and approvals.
Sec. 7007. GAO study on acceptance of classification examinations.
Sec. 7008. Improving the effectiveness of planning and training grants.
Sec. 7009. Motor carrier safety permits.
Sec. 7010. Thermal blankets.
Sec. 7011. Comprehensive oil spill response plans.
Sec. 7012. Information on high-hazard flammable trains.
Sec. 7013. Study and testing of electronically controlled pneumatic 
brakes.
Sec. 7014. Ensuring safe implementation of positive train control 
systems.
Sec. 7015. Phase-out of all tank cars used to transport Class 3 
flammable liquids.

             TITLE VIII--MULTIMODAL FREIGHT TRANSPORTATION

Sec. 8001. Multimodal freight transportation.

TITLE IX--NATIONAL SURFACE TRANSPORTATION AND INNOVATIVE FINANCE BUREAU

Sec. 9001. National Surface Transportation and Innovative Finance 
Bureau.
Sec. 9002. Council on Credit and Finance.

    TITLE X--SPORT FISH RESTORATION AND RECREATIONAL BOATING SAFETY

Sec. 10001. Allocations.
Sec. 10002. Recreational boating safety.

SEC. 2. DEFINITIONS.

  In this Act, the following definitions apply:
          (1) Department.--The term ``Department'' means the Department 
        of Transportation.
          (2) Secretary.--The term ``Secretary'' means the Secretary of 
        Transportation.

SEC. 3. EFFECTIVE DATE.

  Except as otherwise provided, this Act, including the amendments made 
by this Act, takes effect on October 1, 2015.

                     TITLE I--FEDERAL-AID HIGHWAYS

                Subtitle A--Authorizations and Programs

SEC. 1101. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

  (a) In General.--The following sums are authorized to be appropriated 
out of the Highway Trust Fund (other than the Mass Transit Account):
          (1) Federal-aid highway program.--For the national highway 
        performance program under section 119 of title 23, United 
        States Code, the surface transportation block grant program 
        under section 133 of that title, the highway safety improvement 
        program under section 148 of that title, the congestion 
        mitigation and air quality improvement program under section 
        149 of that title, and to carry out section 134 of that title--
                  (A) $38,419,500,000 for fiscal year 2016;
                  (B) $39,113,500,000 for fiscal year 2017;
                  (C) $39,927,500,000 for fiscal year 2018;
                  (D) $40,764,000,000 for fiscal year 2019;
                  (E) $41,623,000,000 for fiscal year 2020; and
                  (F) $42,483,000,000 for fiscal year 2021.
          (2) Transportation infrastructure finance and innovation 
        program.--For credit assistance under the transportation 
        infrastructure finance and innovation program under chapter 6 
        of title 23, United States Code, $200,000,000 for each of 
        fiscal years 2016 through 2021.
          (3) Federal lands and tribal transportation programs.--
                  (A) Tribal transportation program.--For the tribal 
                transportation program under section 202 of title 23, 
                United States Code--
                          (i) $465,000,000 for fiscal year 2016;
                          (ii) $475,000,000 for fiscal year 2017;
                          (iii) $485,000,000 for fiscal year 2018;
                          (iv) $490,000,000 for fiscal year 2019;
                          (v) $495,000,000 for fiscal year 2020; and
                          (vi) $500,000,000 for fiscal year 2021.
                  (B) Federal lands transportation program.--
                          (i) In general.--For the Federal lands 
                        transportation program under section 203 of 
                        title 23, United States Code--
                                  (I) $325,000,000 for fiscal year 
                                2016;
                                  (II) $335,000,000 for fiscal year 
                                2017;
                                  (III) $345,000,000 for fiscal year 
                                2018;
                                  (IV) $350,000,000 for fiscal year 
                                2019;
                                  (V) $375,000,000 for fiscal year 
                                2020; and
                                  (VI) $400,000,000 for fiscal year 
                                2021.
                          (ii) Allocation.--Of the amount made 
                        available for a fiscal year under clause (i)--
                                  (I) the amount for the National Park 
                                Service is--
                                          (aa) $260,000,000 for fiscal 
                                        year 2016;
                                          (bb) $268,000,000 for fiscal 
                                        year 2017;
                                          (cc) $276,000,000 for fiscal 
                                        year 2018;
                                          (dd) $280,000,000 for fiscal 
                                        year 2019;
                                          (ee) $300,000,000 for fiscal 
                                        year 2020; and
                                          (ff) $320,000,000 for fiscal 
                                        year 2021;
                                  (II) the amount for the United States 
                                Fish and Wildlife Service is 
                                $30,000,000 for each of fiscal years 
                                2016 through 2021; and
                                  (III) the amount for the United 
                                States Forest Service is--
                                          (aa) $15,000,000 for fiscal 
                                        year 2016;
                                          (bb) $16,000,000 for fiscal 
                                        year 2017;
                                          (cc) $17,000,000 for fiscal 
                                        year 2018;
                                          (dd) $18,000,000 for fiscal 
                                        year 2019;
                                          (ee) $19,000,000 for fiscal 
                                        year 2020; and
                                          (ff) $20,000,000 for fiscal 
                                        year 2021.
                  (C) Federal lands access program.--For the Federal 
                lands access program under section 204 of title 23, 
                United States Code--
                          (i) $250,000,000 for fiscal year 2016;
                          (ii) $255,000,000 for fiscal year 2017;
                          (iii) $260,000,000 for fiscal year 2018;
                          (iv) $265,000,000 for fiscal year 2019;
                          (v) $270,000,000 for fiscal year 2020; and
                          (vi) $275,000,000 for fiscal year 2021.
          (4) Territorial and puerto rico highway program.--For the 
        territorial and Puerto Rico highway program under section 165 
        of title 23, United States Code, $200,000,000 for each of 
        fiscal years 2016 through 2021.
          (5) Nationally significant freight and highway projects.--For 
        nationally significant freight and highway projects under 
        section 117 of title 23, United States Code--
                  (A) $725,000,000 for fiscal year 2016;
                  (B) $735,000,000 for fiscal year 2017; and
                  (C) $750,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2018 
                through 2021.
  (b) Disadvantaged Business Enterprises.--
          (1) Findings.--Congress finds that--
                  (A) while significant progress has occurred due to 
                the establishment of the disadvantaged business 
                enterprise program, discrimination and related barriers 
                continue to pose significant obstacles for minority- 
                and women-owned businesses seeking to do business in 
                federally assisted surface transportation markets 
                across the United States;
                  (B) the continuing barriers described in subparagraph 
                (A) merit the continuation of the disadvantaged 
                business enterprise program;
                  (C) Congress has received and reviewed testimony and 
                documentation of race and gender discrimination from 
                numerous sources, including congressional hearings and 
                roundtables, scientific reports, reports issued by 
                public and private agencies, news stories, reports of 
                discrimination by organizations and individuals, and 
                discrimination lawsuits, which show that race- and 
                gender-neutral efforts alone are insufficient to 
                address the problem;
                  (D) the testimony and documentation described in 
                subparagraph (C) demonstrate that discrimination across 
                the United States poses a barrier to full and fair 
                participation in surface transportation-related 
                businesses of women business owners and minority 
                business owners and has impacted firm development and 
                many aspects of surface transportation-related business 
                in the public and private markets; and
                  (E) the testimony and documentation described in 
                subparagraph (C) provide a strong basis that there is a 
                compelling need for the continuation of the 
                disadvantaged business enterprise program to address 
                race and gender discrimination in surface 
                transportation-related business.
          (2) Definitions.--In this subsection, the following 
        definitions apply:
                  (A) Small business concern.--
                          (i) In general.--The term ``small business 
                        concern'' means a small business concern (as 
                        the term is used in section 3 of the Small 
                        Business Act (15 U.S.C. 632)).
                          (ii) Exclusions.--The term ``small business 
                        concern'' does not include any concern or group 
                        of concerns controlled by the same socially and 
                        economically disadvantaged individual or 
                        individuals that have average annual gross 
                        receipts during the preceding 3 fiscal years in 
                        excess of $23,980,000, as adjusted annually by 
                        the Secretary for inflation.
                  (B) Socially and economically disadvantaged 
                individuals.--The term ``socially and economically 
                disadvantaged individuals'' has the meaning given the 
                term in section 8(d) of the Small Business Act (15 
                U.S.C. 637(d)) and relevant subcontracting regulations 
                issued pursuant to that Act, except that women shall be 
                presumed to be socially and economically disadvantaged 
                individuals for purposes of this subsection.
          (3) Amounts for small business concerns.--Except to the 
        extent that the Secretary determines otherwise, not less than 
        10 percent of the amounts made available for any program under 
        titles I, II, III, and VI of this Act and section 403 of title 
        23, United States Code, shall be expended through small 
        business concerns owned and controlled by socially and 
        economically disadvantaged individuals.
          (4) Annual listing of disadvantaged business enterprises.--
        Each State shall annually--
                  (A) survey and compile a list of the small business 
                concerns referred to in paragraph (3) in the State, 
                including the location of the small business concerns 
                in the State; and
                  (B) notify the Secretary, in writing, of the 
                percentage of the small business concerns that are 
                controlled by--
                          (i) women;
                          (ii) socially and economically disadvantaged 
                        individuals (other than women); and
                          (iii) individuals who are women and are 
                        otherwise socially and economically 
                        disadvantaged individuals.
          (5) Uniform certification.--
                  (A) In general.--The Secretary shall establish 
                minimum uniform criteria for use by State governments 
                in certifying whether a concern qualifies as a small 
                business concern for the purpose of this subsection.
                  (B) Inclusions.--The minimum uniform criteria 
                established under subparagraph (A) shall include, with 
                respect to a potential small business concern--
                          (i) on-site visits;
                          (ii) personal interviews with personnel;
                          (iii) issuance or inspection of licenses;
                          (iv) analyses of stock ownership;
                          (v) listings of equipment;
                          (vi) analyses of bonding capacity;
                          (vii) listings of work completed;
                          (viii) examination of the resumes of 
                        principal owners;
                          (ix) analyses of financial capacity; and
                          (x) analyses of the type of work preferred.
          (6) Reporting.--The Secretary shall establish minimum 
        requirements for use by State governments in reporting to the 
        Secretary--
                  (A) information concerning disadvantaged business 
                enterprise awards, commitments, and achievements; and
                  (B) such other information as the Secretary 
                determines to be appropriate for the proper monitoring 
                of the disadvantaged business enterprise program.
          (7) Compliance with court orders.--Nothing in this subsection 
        limits the eligibility of an individual or entity to receive 
        funds made available under titles I, II, III, and VI of this 
        Act and section 403 of title 23, United States Code, if the 
        entity or person is prevented, in whole or in part, from 
        complying with paragraph (3) because a Federal court issues a 
        final order in which the court finds that a requirement or the 
        implementation of paragraph (3) is unconstitutional.

SEC. 1102. OBLIGATION CEILING.

  (a) General Limitation.--Subject to subsection (e), and 
notwithstanding any other provision of law, the obligations for 
Federal-aid highway and highway safety construction programs shall not 
exceed--
          (1) $40,867,000,000 for fiscal year 2016;
          (2) $41,599,000,000 for fiscal year 2017;
          (3) $42,453,000,000 for fiscal year 2018;
          (4) $43,307,000,000 for fiscal year 2019;
          (5) $44,201,000,000 for fiscal year 2020; and
          (6) $45,096,000,000 for fiscal year 2021.
  (b) Exceptions.--The limitations under subsection (a) shall not apply 
to obligations under or for--
          (1) section 125 of title 23, United States Code;
          (2) section 147 of the Surface Transportation Assistance Act 
        of 1978 (23 U.S.C. 144 note; 92 Stat. 2714);
          (3) section 9 of the Federal-Aid Highway Act of 1981 (95 
        Stat. 1701);
          (4) subsections (b) and (j) of section 131 of the Surface 
        Transportation Assistance Act of 1982 (96 Stat. 2119);
          (5) subsections (b) and (c) of section 149 of the Surface 
        Transportation and Uniform Relocation Assistance Act of 1987 
        (101 Stat. 198);
          (6) sections 1103 through 1108 of the Intermodal Surface 
        Transportation Efficiency Act of 1991 (105 Stat. 2027);
          (7) section 157 of title 23, United States Code (as in effect 
        on June 8, 1998);
          (8) section 105 of title 23, United States Code (as in effect 
        for fiscal years 1998 through 2004, but only in an amount equal 
        to $639,000,000 for each of those fiscal years);
          (9) Federal-aid highway programs for which obligation 
        authority was made available under the Transportation Equity 
        Act for the 21st Century (112 Stat. 107) or subsequent Acts for 
        multiple years or to remain available until expended, but only 
        to the extent that the obligation authority has not lapsed or 
        been used;
          (10) section 105 of title 23, United States Code (as in 
        effect for fiscal years 2005 through 2012, but only in an 
        amount equal to $639,000,000 for each of those fiscal years);
          (11) section 1603 of SAFETEA-LU (23 U.S.C. 118 note; 119 
        Stat. 1248), to the extent that funds obligated in accordance 
        with that section were not subject to a limitation on 
        obligations at the time at which the funds were initially made 
        available for obligation;
          (12) section 119 of title 23, United States Code (as in 
        effect for fiscal years 2013 through 2015, but only in an 
        amount equal to $639,000,000 for each of those fiscal years); 
        and
          (13) section 119 of title 23, United States Code (but, for 
        fiscal years 2016 through 2021, only in an amount equal to 
        $639,000,000 for each of those fiscal years).
  (c) Distribution of Obligation Authority.--For each of fiscal years 
2016 through 2021, the Secretary--
          (1) shall not distribute obligation authority provided by 
        subsection (a) for the fiscal year for--
                  (A) amounts authorized for administrative expenses 
                and programs by section 104(a) of title 23, United 
                States Code; and
                  (B) amounts authorized for the Bureau of 
                Transportation Statistics;
          (2) shall not distribute an amount of obligation authority 
        provided by subsection (a) that is equal to the unobligated 
        balance of amounts--
                  (A) made available from the Highway Trust Fund (other 
                than the Mass Transit Account) for Federal-aid highway 
                and highway safety construction programs for previous 
                fiscal years the funds for which are allocated by the 
                Secretary (or apportioned by the Secretary under 
                section 202 or 204 of title 23, United States Code); 
                and
                  (B) for which obligation authority was provided in a 
                previous fiscal year;
          (3) shall determine the proportion that--
                  (A) the obligation authority provided by subsection 
                (a) for the fiscal year, less the aggregate of amounts 
                not distributed under paragraphs (1) and (2) of this 
                subsection; bears to
                  (B) the total of the sums authorized to be 
                appropriated for the Federal-aid highway and highway 
                safety construction programs (other than sums 
                authorized to be appropriated for provisions of law 
                described in paragraphs (1) through (12) of subsection 
                (b) and sums authorized to be appropriated for section 
                119 of title 23, United States Code, equal to the 
                amount referred to in subsection (b)(13) for the fiscal 
                year), less the aggregate of the amounts not 
                distributed under paragraphs (1) and (2) of this 
                subsection;
          (4) shall distribute the obligation authority provided by 
        subsection (a), less the aggregate amounts not distributed 
        under paragraphs (1) and (2), for each of the programs (other 
        than programs to which paragraph (1) applies) that are 
        allocated by the Secretary under this Act and title 23, United 
        States Code, or apportioned by the Secretary under sections 202 
        or 204 of that title, by multiplying--
                  (A) the proportion determined under paragraph (3); by
                  (B) the amounts authorized to be appropriated for 
                each such program for the fiscal year; and
          (5) shall distribute the obligation authority provided by 
        subsection (a), less the aggregate amounts not distributed 
        under paragraphs (1) and (2) and the amounts distributed under 
        paragraph (4), for Federal-aid highway and highway safety 
        construction programs that are apportioned by the Secretary 
        under title 23, United States Code (other than the amounts 
        apportioned for the national highway performance program in 
        section 119 of title 23, United States Code, that are exempt 
        from the limitation under subsection (b)(13) and the amounts 
        apportioned under sections 202 and 204 of that title) in the 
        proportion that--
                  (A) amounts authorized to be appropriated for the 
                programs that are apportioned under title 23, United 
                States Code, to each State for the fiscal year; bears 
                to
                  (B) the total of the amounts authorized to be 
                appropriated for the programs that are apportioned 
                under title 23, United States Code, to all States for 
                the fiscal year.
  (d) Redistribution of Unused Obligation Authority.--Notwithstanding 
subsection (c), the Secretary shall, after August 1 of each of fiscal 
years 2016 through 2021--
          (1) revise a distribution of the obligation authority made 
        available under subsection (c) if an amount distributed cannot 
        be obligated during that fiscal year; and
          (2) redistribute sufficient amounts to those States able to 
        obligate amounts in addition to those previously distributed 
        during that fiscal year, giving priority to those States having 
        large unobligated balances of funds apportioned under sections 
        144 (as in effect on the day before the date of enactment of 
        MAP-21 (Public Law 112-141)) and 104 of title 23, United States 
        Code.
  (e) Applicability of Obligation Limitations to Transportation 
Research Programs.--
          (1) In general.--Except as provided in paragraph (2), 
        obligation limitations imposed by subsection (a) shall apply to 
        contract authority for transportation research programs carried 
        out under--
                  (A) chapter 5 of title 23, United States Code; and
                  (B) title VI of this Act.
          (2) Exception.--Obligation authority made available under 
        paragraph (1) shall--
                  (A) remain available for a period of 4 fiscal years; 
                and
                  (B) be in addition to the amount of any limitation 
                imposed on obligations for Federal-aid highway and 
                highway safety construction programs for future fiscal 
                years.
  (f) Redistribution of Certain Authorized Funds.--
          (1) In general.--Not later than 30 days after the date of 
        distribution of obligation authority under subsection (c) for 
        each of fiscal years 2016 through 2021, the Secretary shall 
        distribute to the States any funds (excluding funds authorized 
        for the program under section 202 of title 23, United States 
        Code) that--
                  (A) are authorized to be appropriated for the fiscal 
                year for Federal-aid highway programs; and
                  (B) the Secretary determines will not be allocated to 
                the States (or will not be apportioned to the States 
                under section 204 of title 23, United States Code), and 
                will not be available for obligation, for the fiscal 
                year because of the imposition of any obligation 
                limitation for the fiscal year.
          (2) Ratio.--Funds shall be distributed under paragraph (1) in 
        the same proportion as the distribution of obligation authority 
        under subsection (c)(5).
          (3) Availability.--Funds distributed to each State under 
        paragraph (1) shall be available for any purpose described in 
        section 133(b) of title 23, United States Code.

SEC. 1103. DEFINITIONS.

  Section 101(a) of title 23, United States Code, is amended--
          (1) by striking paragraph (29);
          (2) by redesignating paragraphs (15) through (28) as 
        paragraphs (16) through (29), respectively; and
          (3) by inserting after paragraph (14) the following:
          ``(15) National highway freight network.--The term `National 
        Highway Freight Network' means the National Highway Freight 
        Network established under section 167.''.

SEC. 1104. APPORTIONMENT.

  (a) Administrative Expenses.--Section 104(a)(1) of title 23, United 
States Code, is amended to read as follows:
          ``(1) In general.--There is authorized to be appropriated 
        from the Highway Trust Fund (other than the Mass Transit 
        Account) to be made available to the Secretary for 
        administrative expenses of the Federal Highway Administration 
        $440,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2016 through 2021.''.
  (b) Division Among Programs of State's Share of Base Apportionment.--
Section 104(b) of title 23, United States Code, is amended--
          (1) in the subsection heading by striking ``Division of State 
        Apportionments Among Programs'' and inserting ``Division Among 
        Programs of State's Share of Base Apportionment'';
          (2) in the matter preceding paragraph (1)--
                  (A) by inserting ``of the base apportionment'' after 
                ``the amount''; and
                  (B) by striking ``surface transportation program'' 
                and inserting ``surface transportation block grant 
                program'';
          (3) in paragraph (2)--
                  (A) in the paragraph heading by striking ``Surface 
                transportation program'' and inserting ``Surface 
                transportation block grant program''; and
                  (B) by striking ``surface transportation program'' 
                and inserting ``surface transportation block grant 
                program''; and
          (4) in each of paragraphs (4) and (5), in the matter 
        preceding subparagraph (A), by inserting ``of the base 
        apportionment'' after ``the amount''.
  (c) Calculation of State Amounts.--Section 104(c) of title 23, United 
States Code, is amended to read as follows:
  ``(c) Calculation of Amounts.--
          ``(1) State share.--For each of fiscal years 2016 through 
        2021, the amount for each State shall be determined as follows:
                  ``(A) Initial amounts.--The initial amounts for each 
                State shall be determined by multiplying--
                          ``(i) each of--
                                  ``(I) the base apportionment;
                                  ``(II) supplemental funds reserved 
                                under subsection (h)(1) for the 
                                national highway performance program; 
                                and
                                  ``(III) supplemental funds reserved 
                                under subsection (h)(2) for the surface 
                                transportation block grant program; by
                          ``(ii) the share for each State, which shall 
                        be equal to the proportion that--
                                  ``(I) the amount of apportionments 
                                that the State received for fiscal year 
                                2015; bears to
                                  ``(II) the amount of those 
                                apportionments received by all States 
                                for that fiscal year.
                  ``(B) Adjustments to amounts.--The initial amounts 
                resulting from the calculation under subparagraph (A) 
                shall be adjusted to ensure that each State receives an 
                aggregate apportionment equal to at least 95 percent of 
                the estimated tax payments attributable to highway 
                users in the State paid into the Highway Trust Fund 
                (other than the Mass Transit Account) in the most 
                recent fiscal year for which data are available.
          ``(2) State apportionment.--On October 1 of fiscal years 2016 
        through 2021, the Secretary shall apportion the sums authorized 
        to be appropriated for expenditure on the national highway 
        performance program under section 119, the surface 
        transportation block grant program under section 133, the 
        highway safety improvement program under section 148, the 
        congestion mitigation and air quality improvement program under 
        section 149, and to carry out section 134 in accordance with 
        paragraph (1).''.
  (d) Supplemental Funds.--Section 104 of title 23, United States Code, 
is amended by adding at the end the following:
  ``(h) Supplemental Funds.--
          ``(1) Supplemental funds for national highway performance 
        program.--
                  ``(A) Amount.--Before making an apportionment for a 
                fiscal year under subsection (c), the Secretary shall 
                reserve for the national highway performance program 
                under section 119 for that fiscal year an amount equal 
                to--
                          ``(i) $53,596,122 for fiscal year 2019;
                          ``(ii) $66,717,816 for fiscal year 2020; and
                          ``(iii) $79,847,397 for fiscal year 2021.
                  ``(B) Treatment of funds.--Funds reserved under 
                subparagraph (A) and apportioned to a State under 
                subsection (c) shall be treated as if apportioned under 
                subsection (b)(1), and shall be in addition to amounts 
                apportioned under that subsection.
          ``(2) Supplemental funds for surface transportation block 
        grant program.--
                  ``(A) Amount.--Before making an apportionment for a 
                fiscal year under subsection (c), the Secretary shall 
                reserve for the surface transportation block grant 
                program under section 133 for that fiscal year an 
                amount equal to $819,900,000 pursuant to section 
                133(h), plus--
                          ``(i) $70,526,310 for fiscal year 2016;
                          ``(ii) $104,389,904 for fiscal year 2017;
                          ``(iii) $148,113,536 for fiscal year 2018;
                          ``(iv) $160,788,367 for fiscal year 2019;
                          ``(v) $200,153,448 for fiscal year 2020; and
                          ``(vi) $239,542,191 for fiscal year 2021.
                  ``(B) Treatment of funds.--Funds reserved under 
                subparagraph (A) and apportioned to a State under 
                subsection (c) shall be treated as if apportioned under 
                subsection (b)(2), and shall be in addition to amounts 
                apportioned under that subsection.
  ``(i) Base Apportionment Defined.--In this section, the term `base 
apportionment' means--
          ``(1) the combined amount authorized for appropriation for 
        the national highway performance program under section 119, the 
        surface transportation block grant program under section 133, 
        the highway safety improvement program under section 148, the 
        congestion mitigation and air quality improvement program under 
        section 149, and to carry out section 134; minus
          ``(2) supplemental funds reserved under subsection (h) for 
        the national highway performance program and the surface 
        transportation block grant program.''.

SEC. 1105. NATIONAL HIGHWAY PERFORMANCE PROGRAM.

  Section 119 of title 23, United States Code, is amended--
          (1) in subsection (e)(7)--
                  (A) by striking ``this paragraph'' and inserting 
                ``section 150(e)''; and
                  (B) by inserting ``under section 150(e)'' after ``the 
                next report submitted''; and
          (2) by adding at the end the following:
  ``(h) TIFIA Program.--Upon Secretarial approval of credit assistance 
under chapter 6, the Secretary, at the request of a State, may allow 
the State to use funds apportioned under section 104(b)(1) to pay 
subsidy and administrative costs necessary to provide an eligible 
entity Federal credit assistance under chapter 6 with respect to a 
project eligible for assistance under this section.
  ``(i) Additional Funding Eligibility for Certain Bridges.--
          ``(1) In general.--Funds apportioned to a State to carry out 
        the national highway performance program may be obligated for a 
        project for the reconstruction, resurfacing, restoration, 
        rehabilitation, or preservation of a bridge not on the National 
        Highway System, if the bridge is on a Federal-aid highway.
          ``(2) Limitation.--A State required to make obligations under 
        subsection (f) shall ensure such requirements are satisfied in 
        order to use the flexibility under paragraph (1).''.

SEC. 1106. SURFACE TRANSPORTATION BLOCK GRANT PROGRAM.

  (a) Findings.--Congress finds that--
          (1) the benefits of the surface transportation block grant 
        program accrue principally to the residents of each State and 
        municipality where the funds are obligated;
          (2) decisions about how funds should be obligated are best 
        determined by the States and municipalities to respond to 
        unique local circumstances and implement the most efficient 
        solutions; and
          (3) reforms of the program to promote flexibility will 
        enhance State and local control over transportation decisions.
  (b) Surface Transportation Block Grant Program.--Section 133 of title 
23, United States Code, is amended--
          (1) by striking subsections (a), (b), (c), and (d) and 
        inserting the following:
  ``(a) Establishment.--The Secretary shall establish a surface 
transportation block grant program in accordance with this section to 
provide flexible funding to address State and local transportation 
needs.
  ``(b) Eligible Projects.--Funds apportioned to a State under section 
104(b)(2) for the surface transportation block grant program may be 
obligated for the following:
          ``(1) Construction of--
                  ``(A) highways, bridges, tunnels, including 
                designated routes of the Appalachian development 
                highway system and local access roads under section 
                14501 of title 40;
                  ``(B) ferry boats and terminal facilities eligible 
                for funding under section 129(c);
                  ``(C) transit capital projects eligible for 
                assistance under chapter 53 of title 49;
                  ``(D) infrastructure-based intelligent transportation 
                systems capital improvements;
                  ``(E) truck parking facilities eligible for funding 
                under section 1401 of MAP-21 (23 U.S.C. 137 note); and
                  ``(F) border infrastructure projects eligible for 
                funding under section 1303 of SAFETEA-LU (23 U.S.C. 101 
                note).
          ``(2) Operational improvements and capital and operating 
        costs for traffic monitoring, management, and control 
        facilities and programs.
          ``(3) Environmental measures eligible under sections 119(g), 
        328, and 329 and transportation control measures listed in 
        section 108(f)(1)(A) (other than clause (xvi) of that section) 
        of the Clean Air Act (42 U.S.C. 7408(f)(1)(A)).
          ``(4) Highway and transit safety infrastructure improvements 
        and programs, including railway-highway grade crossings.
          ``(5) Fringe and corridor parking facilities and programs in 
        accordance with section 137 and carpool projects in accordance 
        with section 146.
          ``(6) Recreational trails projects eligible for funding under 
        section 206, pedestrian and bicycle projects in accordance with 
        section 217 (including modifications to comply with 
        accessibility requirements under the Americans with 
        Disabilities Act of 1990 (42 U.S.C. 12101 et seq.)), and the 
        safe routes to school program under section 1404 of SAFETEA-LU 
        (23 U.S.C. 402 note).
          ``(7) Planning, design, or construction of boulevards and 
        other roadways largely in the right-of-way of former Interstate 
        System routes or other divided highways.
          ``(8) Development and implementation of a State asset 
        management plan for the National Highway System and a 
        performance-based management program for other public roads.
          ``(9) Protection (including painting, scour countermeasures, 
        seismic retrofits, impact protection measures, security 
        countermeasures, and protection against extreme events) for 
        bridges (including approaches to bridges and other elevated 
        structures) and tunnels on public roads, and inspection and 
        evaluation of bridges and tunnels and other highway assets.
          ``(10) Surface transportation planning programs, highway and 
        transit research and development and technology transfer 
        programs, and workforce development, training, and education 
        under chapter 5 of this title.
          ``(11) Surface transportation infrastructure modifications to 
        facilitate direct intermodal interchange, transfer, and access 
        into and out of a port terminal.
          ``(12) Projects and strategies designed to support congestion 
        pricing, including electronic toll collection and travel demand 
        management strategies and programs.
          ``(13) At the request of a State, and upon Secretarial 
        approval of credit assistance under chapter 6, subsidy and 
        administrative costs necessary to provide an eligible entity 
        Federal credit assistance under chapter 6 with respect to a 
        project eligible for assistance under this section.
          ``(14) The creation and operation by a State of an office to 
        assist in the design, implementation, and oversight of public-
        private partnerships eligible to receive funding under this 
        title and chapter 53 of title 49, and the payment of a stipend 
        to unsuccessful private bidders to offset their proposal 
        development costs, if necessary to encourage robust competition 
        in public-private partnership procurements.
          ``(15) Any type of project eligible under this section as in 
        effect on the day before the date of enactment of the Surface 
        Transportation Reauthorization and Reform Act of 2015, 
        including projects described under section 101(a)(29) as in 
        effect on such day.
  ``(c) Location of Projects.--A surface transportation block grant 
project may not be undertaken on a road functionally classified as a 
local road or a rural minor collector unless the road was on a Federal-
aid highway system on January 1, 1991, except--
          ``(1) for a bridge or tunnel project (other than the 
        construction of a new bridge or tunnel at a new location);
          ``(2) for a project described in paragraphs (4) through (11) 
        of subsection (b);
          ``(3) for a project described in section 101(a)(29), as in 
        effect on the day before the date of enactment of the Surface 
        Transportation Reauthorization and Reform Act of 2015; and
          ``(4) as approved by the Secretary.
  ``(d) Allocations of Apportioned Funds to Areas Based on 
Population.--
          ``(1) Calculation.--Of the funds apportioned to a State under 
        section 104(b)(2) (after the reservation of funds under 
        subsection (h))--
                  ``(A) the percentage specified in paragraph (6) for a 
                fiscal year shall be obligated under this section, in 
                proportion to their relative shares of the population 
                of the State--
                          ``(i) in urbanized areas of the State with an 
                        urbanized area population of over 200,000;
                          ``(ii) in areas of the State other than urban 
                        areas with a population greater than 5,000; and
                          ``(iii) in other areas of the State; and
                  ``(B) the remainder may be obligated in any area of 
                the State.
          ``(2) Metropolitan areas.--Funds attributed to an urbanized 
        area under paragraph (1)(A)(i) may be obligated in the 
        metropolitan area established under section 134 that 
        encompasses the urbanized area.
          ``(3) Consultation with regional transportation planning 
        organizations.--For purposes of paragraph (1)(A)(iii), before 
        obligating funding attributed to an area with a population 
        greater than 5,000 and less than 200,000, a State shall consult 
        with the regional transportation planning organizations that 
        represent the area, if any.
          ``(4) Distribution among urbanized areas of over 200,000 
        population.--
                  ``(A) In general.--Except as provided in subparagraph 
                (B), the amount of funds that a State is required to 
                obligate under paragraph (1)(A)(i) shall be obligated 
                in urbanized areas described in paragraph (1)(A)(i) 
                based on the relative population of the areas.
                  ``(B) Other factors.--The State may obligate the 
                funds described in subparagraph (A) based on other 
                factors if the State and the relevant metropolitan 
                planning organizations jointly apply to the Secretary 
                for the permission to base the obligation on other 
                factors and the Secretary grants the request.
          ``(5) Applicability of planning requirements.--Programming 
        and expenditure of funds for projects under this section shall 
        be consistent with sections 134 and 135.
          ``(6) Percentage.--The percentage referred to in paragraph 
        (1)(A) is--
                  ``(A) for fiscal year 2016, 51 percent;
                  ``(B) for fiscal year 2017, 52 percent;
                  ``(C) for fiscal year 2018, 53 percent;
                  ``(D) for fiscal year 2019, 54 percent;
                  ``(E) for fiscal year 2020, 55 percent; and
                  ``(F) for fiscal year 2021, 55 percent.'';
          (2) by striking the section heading and inserting ``Surface 
        transportation block grant program'';
          (3) by striking subsection (e);
          (4) by redesignating subsections (f) through (h) as 
        subsections (e) through (g), respectively;
          (5) in subsection (e)(1), as redesignated by this 
        subsection--
                  (A) by striking ``104(b)(3)'' and inserting 
                ``104(b)(2)''; and
                  (B) by striking ``fiscal years 2011 through 2014'' 
                and inserting ``fiscal years 2016 through 2021'';
          (6) in subsection (g)(1), as redesignated by this subsection, 
        by striking ``under subsection (d)(1)(A)(iii) for each of 
        fiscal years 2013 through 2014'' and inserting ``under 
        subsection (d)(1)(A)(ii) for each of fiscal years 2016 through 
        2021''; and
          (7) by adding at the end the following:
  ``(h) STP Set-Aside.--
          ``(1) Reservation of funds.--Of the funds apportioned to a 
        State under section 104(b)(2) for each fiscal year, the 
        Secretary shall reserve an amount such that--
                  ``(A) the Secretary reserves a total of $819,900,000 
                under this subsection; and
                  ``(B) the State's share of that total is determined 
                by multiplying the amount under subparagraph (A) by the 
                ratio that--
                          ``(i) the amount apportioned to the State for 
                        the transportation enhancements program for 
                        fiscal year 2009 under section 133(d)(2), as in 
                        effect on the day before the date of enactment 
                        of MAP-21; bears to
                          ``(ii) the total amount of funds apportioned 
                        to all States for the transportation 
                        enhancements program for fiscal year 2009.
          ``(2) Allocation within a state.--Funds reserved for a State 
        under paragraph (1) shall be obligated within that State in the 
        manner described in subsection (d), except that, for purposes 
        of this paragraph (after funds are made available under 
        paragraph (5))--
                  ``(A) for each fiscal year, the percentage referred 
                to in paragraph (1)(A) of that subsection shall be 
                deemed to be 50 percent; and
                  ``(B) the following provisions shall not apply:
                          ``(i) Paragraph (3) of subsection (d).
                          ``(ii) Subsection (e).
          ``(3) Eligible projects.--Funds reserved under this 
        subsection may be obligated for projects or activities 
        described in section 101(a)(29) or 213, as such provisions were 
        in effect on the day before the date of enactment of the 
        Surface Transportation Reauthorization and Reform Act of 2015.
          ``(4) Access to funds.--
                  ``(A) In general.--A State or metropolitan planning 
                organization required to obligate funds in accordance 
                with paragraph (2) shall develop a competitive process 
                to allow eligible entities to submit projects for 
                funding that achieve the objectives of this subsection. 
                A metropolitan planning organization for an area 
                described in subsection (d)(1)(A)(i) shall select 
                projects under such process in consultation with the 
                relevant State.
                  ``(B) Eligible entity defined.--In this paragraph, 
                the term `eligible entity' means--
                          ``(i) a local government;
                          ``(ii) a regional transportation authority;
                          ``(iii) a transit agency;
                          ``(iv) a natural resource or public land 
                        agency;
                          ``(v) a school district, local education 
                        agency, or school;
                          ``(vi) a tribal government; and
                          ``(vii) any other local or regional 
                        governmental entity with responsibility for or 
                        oversight of transportation or recreational 
                        trails (other than a metropolitan planning 
                        organization or a State agency) that the State 
                        determines to be eligible, consistent with the 
                        goals of this subsection.
          ``(5) Continuation of certain recreational trails projects.--
        For each fiscal year, a State shall--
                  ``(A) obligate an amount of funds reserved under this 
                section equal to the amount of the funds apportioned to 
                the State for fiscal year 2009 under section 104(h)(2), 
                as in effect on the day before the date of enactment of 
                MAP-21, for projects relating to recreational trails 
                under section 206;
                  ``(B) return 1 percent of those funds to the 
                Secretary for the administration of that program; and
                  ``(C) comply with the provisions of the 
                administration of the recreational trails program under 
                section 206, including the use of apportioned funds 
                described in subsection (d)(3)(A) of that section.
          ``(6) State flexibility.--
                  ``(A) Recreational trails.--A State may opt out of 
                the recreational trails program under paragraph (5) if 
                the Governor of the State notifies the Secretary not 
                later than 30 days prior to apportionments being made 
                for any fiscal year.
                  ``(B) Large urbanized areas.--A metropolitan planning 
                area may use not to exceed 50 percent of the funds 
                reserved under this subsection for an urbanized area 
                described in subsection (d)(1)(A)(i) for any purpose 
                eligible under subsection (b).
  ``(i) Treatment of Projects.--Notwithstanding any other provision of 
law, projects funded under this section (excluding those carried out 
under subsection (h)(5)) shall be treated as projects on a Federal-aid 
highway under this chapter.''.
  (c) Technical and Conforming Amendments.--
          (1) Section 126.--Section 126(b)(2) of title 23, United 
        States Code, is amended--
                  (A) by striking ``section 213'' and inserting 
                ``section 133(h)''; and
                  (B) by striking ``section 213(c)(1)(B)'' and 
                inserting ``section 133(h)''.
          (2) Section 213.--Section 213 of title 23, United States 
        Code, is repealed.
          (3) Section 322.--Section 322(h)(3) of title 23, United 
        States Code, is amended by striking ``surface transportation 
        program'' and inserting ``surface transportation block grant 
        program''.
          (4) Section 504.--Section 504(a)(4) of title 23, United 
        States Code, is amended--
                  (A) by striking ``104(b)(3)'' and inserting 
                ``104(b)(2)''; and
                  (B) by striking ``surface transportation program'' 
                and inserting ``surface transportation block grant 
                program''.
          (5) Chapter 1.--Chapter 1 of title 23, United States Code, is 
        amended by striking ``surface transportation program'' each 
        place it appears and inserting ``surface transportation block 
        grant program''.
          (6) Chapter analyses.--
                  (A) Chapter 1.--The analysis for chapter 1 of title 
                23, United States Code, is amended by striking the item 
                relating to section 133 and inserting the following:

``133. Surface transportation block grant program.''.

                  (B) Chapter 2.--The item relating to section 213 in 
                the analysis for chapter 2 of title 23, United States 
                Code, is repealed.
          (7) Other references.--Any reference in any other law, 
        regulation, document, paper, or other record of the United 
        States to the surface transportation program under section 133 
        of title 23, United States Code, shall be deemed to be a 
        reference to the surface transportation block grant program 
        under such section.

SEC. 1107. RAILWAY-HIGHWAY GRADE CROSSINGS.

  Section 130(e)(1) of title 23, United States Code, is amended to read 
as follows:
          ``(1) In general.--
                  ``(A) Set aside.--Before making an apportionment 
                under section 104(b)(3) for a fiscal year, the 
                Secretary shall set aside, from amounts made available 
                to carry out the highway safety improvement program 
                under section 148 for such fiscal year, for the 
                elimination of hazards and the installation of 
                protective devices at railway-highway crossings at 
                least--
                          ``(i) $225,000,000 for fiscal year 2016;
                          ``(ii) $230,000,000 for fiscal year 2017;
                          ``(iii) $235,000,000 for fiscal year 2018;
                          ``(iv) $240,000,000 for fiscal year 2019;
                          ``(v) $245,000,000 for fiscal year 2020; and
                          ``(vi) $250,000,000 for fiscal year 2021.
                  ``(B) Installation of protective devices.--At least 
                \1/2\ of the funds set aside each fiscal year under 
                subparagraph (A) shall be available for the 
                installation of protective devices at railway-highway 
                crossings.
                  ``(C) Obligation availability.--Sums set aside each 
                fiscal year under subparagraph (A) shall be available 
                for obligation in the same manner as funds apportioned 
                under section 104(b)(1) of this title.''.

SEC. 1108. HIGHWAY SAFETY IMPROVEMENT PROGRAM.

  (a) Definitions.--
          (1) In general.--Section 148(a) of title 23, United States 
        Code, is amended--
                  (A) in paragraph (4)(B)--
                          (i) in the matter preceding clause (i), by 
                        striking ``includes, but is not limited to,'' 
                        and inserting ``only includes''; and
                          (ii) by adding at the end the following:
                          ``(xxv) Installation of vehicle-to-
                        infrastructure communication equipment.
                          ``(xxvi) Pedestrian hybrid beacons.
                          ``(xxvii) Roadway improvements that provide 
                        separation between pedestrians and motor 
                        vehicles, including medians and pedestrian 
                        crossing islands.
                          ``(xxviii) A physical infrastructure safety 
                        project not described in clauses (i) through 
                        (xxvii).'';
                  (B) by striking paragraph (10); and
                  (C) by redesignating paragraphs (11) through (13) as 
                paragraphs (10) through (12), respectively.
          (2) Conforming amendments.--Section 148 of title 23, United 
        States Code, is amended--
                  (A) in subsection (c)(1)(A) by striking ``subsections 
                (a)(12)'' and inserting ``subsections (a)(11)''; and
                  (B) in subsection (d)(2)(B)(i) by striking 
                ``subsection (a)(12)'' and inserting ``subsection 
                (a)(11)''.
  (b) Data Collection.--Section 148(f) of title 23, United States Code, 
is amended by adding at the end the following:
          ``(3) Process.--The Secretary shall establish a process to 
        allow a State to cease to collect the subset referred to in 
        paragraph (2)(A) for public roads that are gravel roads or 
        otherwise unpaved if--
                  ``(A) the State does not use funds provided to carry 
                out this section for a project on such roads until the 
                State completes a collection of the required model 
                inventory of roadway elements for the roads; and
                  ``(B) the State demonstrates that the State consulted 
                with affected Indian tribes before ceasing to collect 
                data with respect to such roads that are included in 
                the National Tribal Transportation Facility Inventory.
          ``(4) Rule of construction.--Nothing in paragraph (3) may be 
        construed to allow a State to cease data collection related to 
        serious injuries or fatalities.''.
  (c) Rural Road Safety.--Section 148(g)(1) of title 23, United States 
Code, is amended--
          (1) by striking ``If the fatality rate'' and inserting the 
        following:
                  ``(A) In general.--If the fatality rate''; and
          (2) by adding at the end the following:
                  ``(B) Fatalities exceeding the median rate.--If the 
                fatality rate on rural roads in a State, for the most 
                recent 2-year period for which data is available, is 
                more than the median fatality rate for rural roads 
                among all States for such 2-year period, the State 
                shall be required to demonstrate, in the subsequent 
                State strategic highway safety plan of the State, 
                strategies to address fatalities and achieve safety 
                improvements on high risk rural roads.''.
  (d) Commercial Motor Vehicle Safety Best Practices.--
          (1) Review.--The Secretary shall conduct a review of best 
        practices with respect to the implementation of roadway safety 
        infrastructure improvements that--
                  (A) are cost effective; and
                  (B) reduce the number or severity of accidents 
                involving commercial motor vehicles.
          (2) Consultation.--In conducting the review under paragraph 
        (1), the Secretary shall consult with State transportation 
        departments and units of local government.
          (3) Report.--Not later than 1 year after the date of 
        enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall submit to the 
        Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure of the House of 
        Representatives and the Committee on Environment and Public 
        Works of the Senate, and make available on the public Internet 
        Web site of the Department, a report describing the results of 
        the review conducted under paragraph (1).

SEC. 1109. CONGESTION MITIGATION AND AIR QUALITY IMPROVEMENT PROGRAM.

  (a) Eligible Projects.--Section 149(b) of title 23, United States 
Code, is amended--
          (1) in paragraph (7) by striking ``or'' at the end;
          (2) in paragraph (8) by striking the period at the end and 
        inserting ``; or''; and
          (3) by adding at the end the following:
          ``(9) if the project or program is for the installation of 
        vehicle-to-infrastructure communication equipment.''.
  (b) States Flexibility.--Section 149(d) of title 23, United States 
Code, is amended to read as follows:
  ``(d) States Flexibility.--
          ``(1) States without a nonattainment area.--If a State does 
        not have, and never has had, a nonattainment area designated 
        under the Clean Air Act (42 U.S.C. 7401 et seq.), the State may 
        use funds apportioned to the State under section 104(b)(4) for 
        any project in the State that--
                  ``(A) would otherwise be eligible under subsection 
                (b) if the project were carried out in a nonattainment 
                or maintenance area; or
                  ``(B) is eligible under the surface transportation 
                block grant program under section 133.
          ``(2) States with a nonattainment area.--
                  ``(A) In general.--If a State has a nonattainment 
                area or maintenance area and received funds in fiscal 
                year 2009 under section 104(b)(2)(D), as in effect on 
                the day before the date of enactment of the MAP-21, 
                above the amount of funds that the State would have 
                received based on the nonattainment and maintenance 
                area population of the State under subparagraphs (B) 
                and (C) of section 104(b)(2), as in effect on the day 
                before the date of enactment of the MAP-21, the State 
                may use, for any project that would otherwise be 
                eligible under subsection (b) if the project were 
                carried out in a nonattainment or maintenance area or 
                is eligible under the surface transportation block 
                grant program under section 133, an amount of funds 
                apportioned to such State under section 104(b)(4) that 
                is equal to the product obtained by multiplying--
                          ``(i) the amount apportioned to such State 
                        under section 104(b)(4) (excluding the amounts 
                        reserved for obligation under subsection 
                        (k)(1)); by
                          ``(ii) the ratio calculated under 
                        subparagraph (B).
                  ``(B) Ratio.--For purposes of this paragraph, the 
                ratio shall be calculated as the proportion that--
                          ``(i) the amount for fiscal year 2009 such 
                        State was permitted by section 149(c)(2), as in 
                        effect on the day before the date of enactment 
                        of the MAP-21, to obligate in any area of the 
                        State for projects eligible under section 133, 
                        as in effect on the day before the date of 
                        enactment of the MAP-21; bears to
                          ``(ii) the total apportionment to such State 
                        for fiscal year 2009 under section 104(b)(2), 
                        as in effect on the day before the date of 
                        enactment of the MAP-21.
          ``(3) Changes in designation.--If a new nonattainment area is 
        designated or a previously designated nonattainment area is 
        redesignated as an attainment area in a State under the Clean 
        Air Act (42 U.S.C. 7401 et seq.), the Secretary shall modify, 
        in a manner consistent with the approach that was in effect on 
        the day before the date of enactment of MAP-21, the amount such 
        State is permitted to obligate in any area of the State for 
        projects eligible under section 133.''.
  (c) Priority Consideration.--Section 149(g)(3) of title 23, United 
States Code, is amended to read as follows:
          ``(3) Priority consideration.--
                  ``(A) In general.--In distributing funds received for 
                congestion mitigation and air quality projects and 
                programs from apportionments under section 104(b)(4) in 
                areas designated as nonattainment or maintenance for 
                PM2.5 under the Clean Air Act (42 U.S.C. 7401 et seq.) 
                and where regional motor vehicle emissions are not an 
                insignificant contributor to the air quality problem 
                for PM2.5, States and metropolitan planning 
                organizations shall give priority to projects, 
                including diesel retrofits, that are proven to reduce 
                direct emissions of PM2.5.
                  ``(B) Use of funding.--To the maximum extent 
                practicable, funding used in an area described in 
                subparagraph (A) shall be used on the most cost-
                effective projects and programs that are proven to 
                reduce directly emitted fine particulate matter.''.
  (d) Priority for Use of Funds in PM2.5 Areas.--Section 149(k) of 
title 23, United States Code, is amended--
          (1) in paragraph (1) by striking ``such fine particulate'' 
        and inserting ``directly emitted fine particulate''; and
          (2) by adding at the end the following:
          ``(3) PM2.5 nonattainment and maintenance in low population 
        density states.--
                  ``(A) Exception.--For any State with a population 
                density of 80 or fewer persons per square mile of land 
                area, based on the most recent decennial census, 
                subsection (g)(3) and paragraphs (1) and (2) of this 
                subsection do not apply to a nonattainment or 
                maintenance area in the State if--
                          ``(i) the nonattainment or maintenance area 
                        does not have projects that are part of the 
                        emissions analysis of a metropolitan 
                        transportation plan or transportation 
                        improvement program; and
                          ``(ii) regional motor vehicle emissions are 
                        an insignificant contributor to the air quality 
                        problem for PM2.5 in the nonattainment or 
                        maintenance area.
                  ``(B) Calculation.--If subparagraph (A) applies to a 
                nonattainment or maintenance area in a State, the 
                percentage of the PM2.5 set aside under paragraph (1) 
                shall be reduced for that State proportionately based 
                on the weighted population of the area in fine 
                particulate matter nonattainment.''.
  (e) Performance Plan.--Section 149(l)(1)(B) of title 23, United 
States Code, is amended by inserting ``emission and congestion 
reduction'' after ``achieving the''.

SEC. 1110. NATIONAL HIGHWAY FREIGHT POLICY.

  (a) In General.--Section 167 of title 23, United States Code, is 
amended to read as follows:

``Sec. 167. National highway freight policy

  ``(a) In General.--It is the policy of the United States to improve 
the condition and performance of the National Highway Freight Network 
established under this section to ensure that the Network provides a 
foundation for the United States to compete in the global economy and 
achieve the goals described in subsection (b).
  ``(b) Goals.--The goals of the national highway freight policy are--
          ``(1) to invest in infrastructure improvements and to 
        implement operational improvements that--
                  ``(A) strengthen the contribution of the National 
                Highway Freight Network to the economic competitiveness 
                of the United States;
                  ``(B) reduce congestion and bottlenecks on the 
                National Highway Freight Network; and
                  ``(C) increase productivity, particularly for 
                domestic industries and businesses that create high-
                value jobs;
          ``(2) to improve the safety, security, and resilience of 
        highway freight transportation;
          ``(3) to improve the state of good repair of the National 
        Highway Freight Network;
          ``(4) to use innovation and advanced technology to improve 
        the safety, efficiency, and reliability of the National Highway 
        Freight Network;
          ``(5) to improve the economic efficiency of the National 
        Highway Freight Network;
          ``(6) to improve the short and long distance movement of 
        goods that--
                  ``(A) travel across rural areas between population 
                centers; and
                  ``(B) travel between rural areas and population 
                centers;
          ``(7) to improve the flexibility of States to support multi-
        State corridor planning and the creation of multi-State 
        organizations to increase the ability of States to address 
        highway freight connectivity; and
          ``(8) to reduce the environmental impacts of freight movement 
        on the National Highway Freight Network.
  ``(c) Establishment of National Highway Freight Network.--
          ``(1) In general.--The Secretary shall establish a National 
        Highway Freight Network in accordance with this section to 
        strategically direct Federal resources and policies toward 
        improved performance of the Network.
          ``(2) Network components.--The National Highway Freight 
        Network shall consist of--
                  ``(A) the Interstate System;
                  ``(B) non-Interstate highway segments on the 41,000-
                mile comprehensive primary freight network developed by 
                the Secretary under section 167(d) as in effect on the 
                day before the date of enactment of the Surface 
                Transportation Reauthorization and Reform Act of 2015; 
                and
                  ``(C) additional non-Interstate highway segments 
                designated by the States under subsection (d).
  ``(d) State Additions to Network.--
          ``(1) In general.--Not later than 1 year after the date of 
        enactment of the Surface Transportation Reauthorization and 
        Reform Act of 2015, each State, in consultation with the State 
        freight advisory committee, may increase the number of miles 
        designated as part of the National Highway Freight Network by 
        not more than 10 percent of the miles designated in that State 
        under subparagraphs (A) and (B) of subsection (c)(2) if the 
        additional miles--
                  ``(A) close gaps between segments of the National 
                Highway Freight Network;
                  ``(B) establish connections from the National Highway 
                Freight Network to critical facilities for the 
                efficient movement of freight, including ports, freight 
                railroads, international border crossings, airports, 
                intermodal facilities, warehouse and logistics centers, 
                and agricultural facilities; or
                  ``(C) are part of critical emerging freight corridors 
                or critical commerce corridors.
          ``(2) Submission.--Each State shall--
                  ``(A) submit to the Secretary a list of the 
                additional miles added under this subsection; and
                  ``(B) certify that the additional miles meet the 
                requirements of paragraph (1).
  ``(e) Redesignation.--
          ``(1) Redesignation by secretary.--
                  ``(A) In general.--Effective beginning 5 years after 
                the date of enactment of the Surface Transportation 
                Reauthorization and Reform Act of 2015, and every 5 
                years thereafter, the Secretary shall redesignate the 
                highway segments designated by the Secretary under 
                subsection (c)(2)(B) that are on the National Highway 
                Freight Network.
                  ``(B) Considerations.--In redesignating highway 
                segments under subparagraph (A), the Secretary shall 
                consider--
                          ``(i) changes in the origins and destinations 
                        of freight movements in the United States;
                          ``(ii) changes in the percentage of annual 
                        average daily truck traffic in the annual 
                        average daily traffic on principal arterials;
                          ``(iii) changes in the location of key 
                        facilities;
                          ``(iv) critical emerging freight corridors; 
                        and
                          ``(v) network connectivity.
                  ``(C) Limitation.--Each redesignation under 
                subparagraph (A) may increase the mileage on the 
                National Highway Freight Network designated by the 
                Secretary by not more than 3 percent.
          ``(2) Redesignation by states.--
                  ``(A) In general.--Effective beginning 5 years after 
                the date of enactment of the Surface Transportation 
                Reauthorization and Reform Act of 2015, and every 5 
                years thereafter, each State may, in consultation with 
                the State freight advisory committee, redesignate the 
                highway segments designated by the State under 
                subsection (c)(2)(C) that are on the National Highway 
                Freight Network.
                  ``(B) Considerations.--In redesignating highway 
                segments under subparagraph (A), the State shall 
                consider--
                          ``(i) gaps between segments of the National 
                        Highway Freight Network;
                          ``(ii) needed connections from the National 
                        Highway Freight Network to critical facilities 
                        for the efficient movement of freight, 
                        including ports, freight railroads, 
                        international border crossings, airports, 
                        intermodal facilities, warehouse and logistics 
                        centers, and agricultural facilities; and
                          ``(iii) critical emerging freight corridors 
                        or critical commerce corridors.
                  ``(C) Limitation.--Each redesignation under 
                subparagraph (A) may increase the mileage on the 
                National Highway Freight Network designated by the 
                State by not more than 3 percent.
                  ``(D) Resubmission.--Each State, under the advisement 
                of the State freight advisory committee, shall--
                          ``(i) submit to the Secretary a list of the 
                        miles redesignated under this paragraph; and
                          ``(ii) certify that the redesignated miles 
                        meet the requirements of subsection (d)(1).''.
  (b) Clerical Amendment.--The analysis for chapter 1 of title 23, 
United States Code, is amended by striking the item relating to section 
167 and inserting the following:

``167. National highway freight policy.''.

SEC. 1111. NATIONALLY SIGNIFICANT FREIGHT AND HIGHWAY PROJECTS.

  (a) In General.--Title 23, United States Code, is amended by 
inserting after section 116 the following:

``Sec. 117. Nationally significant freight and highway projects

  ``(a) Establishment.--There is established a nationally significant 
freight and highway projects program to provide financial assistance 
for projects of national or regional significance that will--
          ``(1) improve the safety, efficiency, and reliability of the 
        movement of freight and people;
          ``(2) generate national or regional economic benefits and an 
        increase in the global economic competitiveness of the United 
        States;
          ``(3) reduce highway congestion and bottlenecks;
          ``(4) improve connectivity between modes of freight 
        transportation; or
          ``(5) enhance the strength, durability, and serviceability of 
        critical highway infrastructure.
  ``(b) Grant Authority.--In carrying out the program established in 
subsection (a), the Secretary may make grants, on a competitive basis, 
in accordance with this section.
  ``(c) Eligible Applicants.--
          ``(1) In general.--The Secretary may make a grant under this 
        section to the following:
                  ``(A) A State or group of States.
                  ``(B) A metropolitan planning organization that 
                serves an urbanized area (as defined by the Bureau of 
                the Census) with a population of more than 200,000 
                individuals.
                  ``(C) A unit of local government.
                  ``(D) A special purpose district or public authority 
                with a transportation function, including a port 
                authority.
                  ``(E) A Federal land management agency that applies 
                jointly with a State or group of States.
          ``(2) Applications.--To be eligible for a grant under this 
        section, an entity specified in paragraph (1) shall submit to 
        the Secretary an application in such form, at such time, and 
        containing such information as the Secretary determines is 
        appropriate.
  ``(d) Eligible Projects.--
          ``(1) In general.--Except as provided in subsection (h), the 
        Secretary may make a grant under this section only for a 
        project that--
                  ``(A) is--
                          ``(i) a freight project carried out on the 
                        National Highway Freight Network established 
                        under section 167 of this title;
                          ``(ii) a highway or bridge project carried 
                        out on the National Highway System;
                          ``(iii) an intermodal or rail freight project 
                        carried out on the National Multimodal Freight 
                        Network established under section 70103 of 
                        title 49; or
                          ``(iv) a railway-highway grade crossing or 
                        grade separation project; and
                  ``(B) has eligible project costs that are reasonably 
                anticipated to equal or exceed the lesser of--
                          ``(i) $100,000,000; or
                          ``(ii) in the case of a project--
                                  ``(I) located in 1 State, 30 percent 
                                of the amount apportioned under this 
                                chapter to the State in the most 
                                recently completed fiscal year; or
                                  ``(II) located in more than 1 State, 
                                50 percent of the amount apportioned 
                                under this chapter to the participating 
                                State with the largest apportionment 
                                under this chapter in the most recently 
                                completed fiscal year.
          ``(2) Limitation.--
                  ``(A) In general.--Not more than $500,000,000 of the 
                amounts made available for grants under this section 
                for fiscal years 2016 through 2021, in the aggregate, 
                may be used to make grants for projects described in 
                paragraph (1)(A)(iii) and such a project may only 
                receive a grant under this section if--
                          ``(i) the project will make a significant 
                        improvement to freight movements on the 
                        National Highway Freight Network; and
                          ``(ii) the Federal share of the project funds 
                        only elements of the project that provide 
                        public benefits.
                  ``(B) Exclusions.--The limitation under subparagraph 
                (A) shall--
                          ``(i) not apply to a railway-highway grade 
                        crossing or grade separation project; and
                          ``(ii) with respect to a multimodal project, 
                        shall apply only to the non-highway portion or 
                        portions of the project.
  ``(e) Eligible Project Costs.--Grant amounts received for a project 
under this section may be used for--
          ``(1) development phase activities, including planning, 
        feasibility analysis, revenue forecasting, environmental 
        review, preliminary engineering and design work, and other 
        preconstruction activities; and
          ``(2) construction, reconstruction, rehabilitation, 
        acquisition of real property (including land related to the 
        project and improvements to the land), environmental 
        mitigation, construction contingencies, acquisition of 
        equipment, and operational improvements.
  ``(f) Project Requirements.--The Secretary may make a grant for a 
project described under subsection (d) only if the relevant applicant 
demonstrates that--
          ``(1) the project will generate national or regional 
        economic, mobility, or safety benefits;
          ``(2) the project will be cost effective;
          ``(3) the project will contribute to the accomplishment of 1 
        or more of the national goals described under section 150 of 
        this title;
          ``(4) the project is based on the results of preliminary 
        engineering;
          ``(5) with respect to related non-Federal financial 
        commitments--
                  ``(A) 1 or more stable and dependable sources of 
                funding and financing are available to construct, 
                maintain, and operate the project; and
                  ``(B) contingency amounts are available to cover 
                unanticipated cost increases;
          ``(6) the project cannot be easily addressed using other 
        funding available to the project sponsor under this chapter; 
        and
          ``(7) the project is reasonably expected to begin 
        construction not later than 18 months after the date of 
        obligation of funds for the project.
  ``(g) Additional Considerations.--In making a grant under this 
section, the Secretary shall consider--
          ``(1) the extent to which a project utilizes nontraditional 
        financing, innovative design and construction techniques, or 
        innovative technologies;
          ``(2) the amount and source of non-Federal contributions with 
        respect to the proposed project; and
          ``(3) the need for geographic diversity among grant 
        recipients, including the need for a balance between the needs 
        of rural and urban communities.
  ``(h) Reserved Amounts.--
          ``(1) In general.--The Secretary shall reserve not less than 
        10 percent of the amounts made available for grants under this 
        section each fiscal year to make grants for projects described 
        in subsection (d)(1)(A)(i) that do not satisfy the minimum 
        threshold under subsection (d)(1)(B).
          ``(2) Grant amount.--Each grant made under this subsection 
        shall be in an amount that is at least $5,000,000.
          ``(3) Project selection considerations.--In addition to other 
        applicable requirements, in making grants under this subsection 
        the Secretary shall consider--
                  ``(A) the cost effectiveness of the proposed project; 
                and
                  ``(B) the effect of the proposed project on mobility 
                in the State and region in which the project is carried 
                out.
          ``(4) Excess funding.--In any fiscal year in which qualified 
        applications for grants under this subsection will not allow 
        for the amount reserved under paragraph (1) to be fully 
        utilized, the Secretary shall use the unutilized amounts to 
        make other grants under this section.
          ``(5) Rural areas.--The Secretary shall reserve not less than 
        20 percent of the amounts made available for grants under this 
        section, including the amounts made available under paragraph 
        (1), each fiscal year to make grants for projects located in 
        rural areas.
  ``(i) Federal Share.--
          ``(1) In general.--The Federal share of the cost of a project 
        assisted with a grant under this section may not exceed 50 
        percent.
          ``(2) Non-federal share.--Funds apportioned to a State under 
        section 104(b)(1) or 104(b)(2) may be used to satisfy the non-
        Federal share of the cost of a project for which a grant is 
        made under this section so long as the total amount of Federal 
        funding for the project does not exceed 80 percent of project 
        costs.
  ``(j) Agreements To Combine Amounts.--Two or more entities specified 
in subsection (c)(1) may combine, pursuant to an agreement entered into 
by the entities, any part of the amounts provided to the entities from 
grants under this section for a project for which the relevant grants 
were made if--
          ``(1) the agreement will benefit each entity entering into 
        the agreement; and
          ``(2) the agreement is not in violation of a law of any such 
        entity.
  ``(k) Treatment of Freight Projects.--Notwithstanding any other 
provision of law, a freight project carried out under this section 
shall be treated as if the project is located on a Federal-aid highway.
  ``(l) TIFIA Program.--At the request of an eligible applicant under 
this section, the Secretary may use amounts awarded to the entity to 
pay subsidy and administrative costs necessary to provide the entity 
Federal credit assistance under chapter 6 with respect to the project 
for which the grant was awarded.
  ``(m) Congressional Notification.--
          ``(1) Notification.--At least 60 days before making a grant 
        for a project under this section, the Secretary shall notify, 
        in writing, the Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure 
        of the House of Representatives and the Committee on 
        Environment and Public Works of the Senate of the proposed 
        grant. The notification shall include an evaluation and 
        justification for the project and the amount of the proposed 
        grant award.
          ``(2) Congressional disapproval.--The Secretary may not make 
        a grant or any other obligation or commitment to fund a project 
        under this section if a joint resolution is enacted 
        disapproving funding for the project before the last day of the 
        60-day period described in paragraph (1).''.
  (b) Clerical Amendment.--The analysis for chapter 1 of title 23, 
United States Code, is amended by inserting after the item relating to 
section 116 the following:

``117. Nationally significant freight and highway projects.''.

  (c) Repeal.--Section 1301 of SAFETEA-LU (23 U.S.C. 101 note), and the 
item relating to that section in the table of contents in section 1(b) 
of such Act, are repealed.

SEC. 1112. TERRITORIAL AND PUERTO RICO HIGHWAY PROGRAM.

  Section 165(a) of title 23, United States Code, is amended--
          (1) in paragraph (1) by striking ``$150,000,000'' and 
        inserting ``$158,000,000''; and
          (2) in paragraph (2) by striking ``$40,000,000'' and 
        inserting ``$42,000,000''.

SEC. 1113. FEDERAL LANDS AND TRIBAL TRANSPORTATION PROGRAM.

  Section 201(c)(6) of title 23, United States Code, is amended by 
adding at the end the following:
                  ``(C) Tribal data collection.--In addition to the 
                data to be collected under subparagraph (A), not later 
                than 90 days after the last day of each fiscal year, 
                any entity carrying out a project under the tribal 
                transportation program under section 202 shall submit 
                to the Secretary and the Secretary of the Interior, 
                based on obligations and expenditures under the tribal 
                transportation program during the preceding fiscal 
                year, the following data:
                          ``(i) The names of projects and activities 
                        carried out by the entity under the tribal 
                        transportation program during the preceding 
                        fiscal year.
                          ``(ii) A description of the projects and 
                        activities identified under clause (i).
                          ``(iii) The current status of the projects 
                        and activities identified under clause (i).
                          ``(iv) An estimate of the number of jobs 
                        created and the number of jobs retained by the 
                        projects and activities identified under clause 
                        (i).''.

SEC. 1114. TRIBAL TRANSPORTATION PROGRAM.

  Section 202(a)(6) of title 23, United States Code, is amended by 
striking ``6 percent'' and inserting ``5 percent''.

SEC. 1115. FEDERAL LANDS TRANSPORTATION PROGRAM.

  Section 203 of title 23, United States Code, is amended--
          (1) in subsection (a)(1)(B) by striking ``operation'' and 
        inserting ``capital, operations,'';
          (2) in subsection (b)--
                  (A) in paragraph (1)(B)--
                          (i) in clause (iv) by striking ``and'' at the 
                        end;
                          (ii) in clause (v) by striking the period at 
                        the end and inserting a semicolon; and
                          (iii) by adding at the end the following:
                          ``(vi) the Bureau of Reclamation; and
                          ``(vii) independent Federal agencies with 
                        natural resource and land management 
                        responsibilities.''; and
                  (B) in paragraph (2)(B)--
                          (i) in the matter preceding clause (i) by 
                        inserting ``performance management, including'' 
                        after ``support''; and
                          (ii) in clause (i)(II) by striking ``, and'' 
                        and inserting ``; and''; and
          (3) in subsection (c)(2)(B) by adding at the end the 
        following:
                          ``(vi) The Bureau of Reclamation.''.

SEC. 1116. TRIBAL TRANSPORTATION SELF-GOVERNANCE PROGRAM.

  (a) In General.--Chapter 2 of title 23, United States Code, is 
amended by inserting after section 206 the following:

``SEC. 207. TRIBAL TRANSPORTATION SELF-GOVERNANCE PROGRAM.

  ``(a) Establishment.--Subject to the requirements of this section, 
the Secretary shall establish and carry out a program to be known as 
the tribal transportation self-governance program. The Secretary may 
delegate responsibilities for administration of the program as the 
Secretary determines appropriate.
  ``(b) Eligibility.--
          ``(1) In general.--Subject to paragraphs (2) and (3), an 
        Indian tribe shall be eligible to participate in the program if 
        the Indian tribe requests participation in the program by 
        resolution or other official action by the governing body of 
        the Indian tribe, and demonstrates, for the preceding 3 fiscal 
        years, financial stability and financial management capability, 
        and transportation program management capability.
          ``(2) Criteria for determining financial stability and 
        financial management capacity.--For the purposes of paragraph 
        (1), evidence that, during the preceding 3 fiscal years, an 
        Indian tribe had no uncorrected significant and material audit 
        exceptions in the required annual audit of the Indian tribe's 
        self-determination contracts or self-governance funding 
        agreements with any Federal agency shall be conclusive evidence 
        of the required financial stability and financial management 
        capability.
          ``(3) Criteria for determining transportation program 
        management capability.--The Secretary shall require an Indian 
        tribe to demonstrate transportation program management 
        capability, including the capability to manage and complete 
        projects eligible under this title and projects eligible under 
        chapter 53 of title 49, to gain eligibility for the program.
  ``(c) Compacts.--
          ``(1) Compact required.--Upon the request of an eligible 
        Indian tribe, and subject to the requirements of this section, 
        the Secretary shall negotiate and enter into a written compact 
        with the Indian tribe for the purpose of providing for the 
        participation of the Indian tribe in the program.
          ``(2) Contents.--A compact entered into under paragraph (1) 
        shall set forth the general terms of the government-to-
        government relationship between the Indian tribe and the United 
        States under the program and other terms that will continue to 
        apply in future fiscal years.
          ``(3) Amendments.--A compact entered into with an Indian 
        tribe under paragraph (1) may be amended only by mutual 
        agreement of the Indian tribe and the Secretary.
  ``(d) Annual Funding Agreements.--
          ``(1) Funding agreement required.--After entering into a 
        compact with an Indian tribe under subsection (c), the 
        Secretary shall negotiate and enter into a written annual 
        funding agreement with the Indian tribe.
          ``(2) Contents.--
                  ``(A) In general.--
                          ``(i) Formula funding and discretionary 
                        grants.--A funding agreement entered into with 
                        an Indian tribe shall authorize the Indian 
                        tribe, as determined by the Indian tribe, to 
                        plan, conduct, consolidate, administer, and 
                        receive full tribal share funding, tribal 
                        transit formula funding, and funding to tribes 
                        from discretionary and competitive grants 
                        administered by the Department for all 
                        programs, services, functions, and activities 
                        (or portions thereof) that are made available 
                        to Indian tribes to carry out tribal 
                        transportation programs and programs, services, 
                        functions, and activities (or portions thereof) 
                        administered by the Secretary that are 
                        otherwise available to Indian tribes.
                          ``(ii) Transfers of state funds.--
                                  ``(I) Inclusion of transferred funds 
                                in funding agreement.--A funding 
                                agreement entered into with an Indian 
                                tribe shall include Federal-aid funds 
                                apportioned to a State under chapter 1 
                                if the State elects to provide a 
                                portion of such funds to the Indian 
                                tribe for a project eligible under 
                                section 202(a).
                                  ``(II) Method for transfers.--If a 
                                State elects to provide funds described 
                                in subclause (I) to an Indian tribe, 
                                the State shall transfer the funds back 
                                to the Secretary and the Secretary 
                                shall transfer the funds to the Indian 
                                tribe in accordance with this section.
                                  ``(III) Responsibility for 
                                transferred funds.--Notwithstanding any 
                                other provision of law, if a State 
                                provides funds described in subclause 
                                (I) to an Indian tribe--
                                          ``(aa) the State shall not be 
                                        responsible for constructing or 
                                        maintaining a project carried 
                                        out using the funds or for 
                                        administering or supervising 
                                        the project or funds during the 
                                        applicable statute of 
                                        limitations period related to 
                                        the construction of the 
                                        project; and
                                          ``(bb) the Indian tribe shall 
                                        be responsible for constructing 
                                        and maintaining a project 
                                        carried out using the funds and 
                                        for administering and 
                                        supervising the project and 
                                        funds in accordance with this 
                                        section during the applicable 
                                        statute of limitations period 
                                        related to the construction of 
                                        the project.
                  ``(B) Administration of tribal shares.--The tribal 
                shares referred to in subparagraph (A) shall be 
                provided without regard to the agency or office of the 
                Department within which the program, service, function, 
                or activity (or portion thereof) is performed.
                  ``(C) Flexible and innovative financing.--
                          ``(i) In general.--A funding agreement 
                        entered into with an Indian tribe under 
                        paragraph (1) shall include provisions 
                        pertaining to flexible and innovative financing 
                        if agreed upon by the parties.
                          ``(ii) Terms and conditions.--
                                  ``(I) Authority to issue 
                                regulations.--The Secretary may issue 
                                regulations to establish the terms and 
                                conditions relating to the flexible and 
                                innovative financing provisions 
                                referred to in clause (i).
                                  ``(II) Terms and conditions in 
                                absence of regulations.--If the 
                                Secretary does not issue regulations 
                                under subclause (I), the terms and 
                                conditions relating to the flexible and 
                                innovative financing provisions 
                                referred to in clause (i) shall be 
                                consistent with--
                                          ``(aa) agreements entered 
                                        into by the Department under--
                                                  ``(AA) section 
                                                202(b)(7); and
                                                  ``(BB) section 
                                                202(d)(5), as in effect 
                                                before the date of 
                                                enactment of MAP-21 
                                                (Public Law 112-141); 
                                                or
                                          ``(bb) regulations of the 
                                        Department of the Interior 
                                        relating to flexible financing 
                                        contained in part 170 of title 
                                        25, Code of Federal 
                                        Regulations, as in effect on 
                                        the date of enactment of the 
                                        Surface Transportation 
                                        Reauthorization and Reform Act 
                                        of 2015.
          ``(3) Terms.--A funding agreement shall set forth--
                  ``(A) terms that generally identify the programs, 
                services, functions, and activities (or portions 
                thereof) to be performed or administered by the Indian 
                tribe; and
                  ``(B) for items identified in subparagraph (A)--
                          ``(i) the general budget category assigned;
                          ``(ii) the funds to be provided, including 
                        those funds to be provided on a recurring 
                        basis;
                          ``(iii) the time and method of transfer of 
                        the funds;
                          ``(iv) the responsibilities of the Secretary 
                        and the Indian tribe; and
                          ``(v) any other provision agreed to by the 
                        Indian tribe and the Secretary.
          ``(4) Subsequent funding agreements.--
                  ``(A) Applicability of existing agreement.--Absent 
                notification from an Indian tribe that the Indian tribe 
                is withdrawing from or retroceding the operation of 1 
                or more programs, services, functions, or activities 
                (or portions thereof) identified in a funding 
                agreement, or unless otherwise agreed to by the 
                parties, each funding agreement shall remain in full 
                force and effect until a subsequent funding agreement 
                is executed.
                  ``(B) Effective date of subsequent agreement.--The 
                terms of the subsequent funding agreement shall be 
                retroactive to the end of the term of the preceding 
                funding agreement.
          ``(5) Consent of indian tribe required.--The Secretary shall 
        not revise, amend, or require additional terms in a new or 
        subsequent funding agreement without the consent of the Indian 
        tribe that is subject to the agreement unless such terms are 
        required by Federal law.
  ``(e) General Provisions.--
          ``(1) Redesign and consolidation.--
                  ``(A) In general.--An Indian tribe, in any manner 
                that the Indian tribe considers to be in the best 
                interest of the Indian community being served, may--
                          ``(i) redesign or consolidate programs, 
                        services, functions, and activities (or 
                        portions thereof) included in a funding 
                        agreement; and
                          ``(ii) reallocate or redirect funds for such 
                        programs, services, functions, and activities 
                        (or portions thereof), if the funds are--
                                  ``(I) expended on projects identified 
                                in a transportation improvement program 
                                approved by the Secretary; and
                                  ``(II) used in accordance with the 
                                requirements in--
                                          ``(aa) appropriations Acts;
                                          ``(bb) this title and chapter 
                                        53 of title 49; and
                                          ``(cc) any other applicable 
                                        law.
                  ``(B) Exception.--Notwithstanding subparagraph (A), 
                if, pursuant to subsection (d), an Indian tribe 
                receives a discretionary or competitive grant from the 
                Secretary or receives State apportioned funds, the 
                Indian tribe shall use the funds for the purpose for 
                which the funds were originally authorized.
          ``(2) Retrocession.--
                  ``(A) In general.--
                          ``(i) Authority of indian tribes.--An Indian 
                        tribe may retrocede (fully or partially) to the 
                        Secretary programs, services, functions, or 
                        activities (or portions thereof) included in a 
                        compact or funding agreement.
                          ``(ii) Reassumption of remaining funds.--
                        Following a retrocession described in clause 
                        (i), the Secretary may--
                                  ``(I) reassume the remaining funding 
                                associated with the retroceded 
                                programs, functions, services, and 
                                activities (or portions thereof) 
                                included in the applicable compact or 
                                funding agreement;
                                  ``(II) out of such remaining funds, 
                                transfer funds associated with 
                                Department of Interior programs, 
                                services, functions, or activities (or 
                                portions thereof) to the Secretary of 
                                the Interior to carry out 
                                transportation services provided by the 
                                Secretary of the Interior; and
                                  ``(III) distribute funds not 
                                transferred under subclause (II) in 
                                accordance with applicable law.
                          ``(iii) Correction of programs.--If the 
                        Secretary makes a finding under subsection 
                        (f)(2)(B) and no funds are available under 
                        subsection (f)(2)(A)(ii), the Secretary shall 
                        not be required to provide additional funds to 
                        complete or correct any programs, functions, 
                        services, or activities (or portions thereof).
                  ``(B) Effective date.--Unless the Indian tribe 
                rescinds a request for retrocession, the retrocession 
                shall become effective within the timeframe specified 
                by the parties in the compact or funding agreement. In 
                the absence of such a specification, the retrocession 
                shall become effective on--
                          ``(i) the earlier of--
                                  ``(I) 1 year after the date of 
                                submission of the request; or
                                  ``(II) the date on which the funding 
                                agreement expires; or
                          ``(ii) such date as may be mutually agreed 
                        upon by the parties and, with respect to 
                        Department of the Interior programs, functions, 
                        services, and activities (or portions thereof), 
                        the Secretary of the Interior.
  ``(f) Provisions Relating to Secretary.--
          ``(1) Decisionmaker.--A decision that relates to an appeal of 
        the rejection of a final offer by the Department shall be made 
        either--
                  ``(A) by an official of the Department who holds a 
                position at a higher organizational level within the 
                Department than the level of the departmental agency in 
                which the decision that is the subject of the appeal 
                was made; or
                  ``(B) by an administrative judge.
          ``(2) Termination of compact or funding agreement.--
                  ``(A) Authority to terminate.--
                          ``(i) Provision to be included in compact or 
                        funding agreement.--A compact or funding 
                        agreement shall include a provision authorizing 
                        the Secretary, if the Secretary makes a finding 
                        described in subparagraph (B), to--
                                  ``(I) terminate the compact or 
                                funding agreement (or a portion 
                                thereof); and
                                  ``(II) reassume the remaining funding 
                                associated with the reassumed programs, 
                                functions, services, and activities 
                                included in the compact or funding 
                                agreement.
                          ``(ii) Transfers of funds.--Out of any funds 
                        reassumed under clause (i)(II), the Secretary 
                        may transfer the funds associated with 
                        Department of the Interior programs, functions, 
                        services, and activities (or portions thereof) 
                        to the Secretary of the Interior to provide 
                        continued transportation services in accordance 
                        with applicable law.
                  ``(B) Findings resulting in termination.--The finding 
                referred to in subparagraph (A) is a specific finding 
                of--
                          ``(i) imminent jeopardy to a trust asset, 
                        natural resources, or public health and safety 
                        that is caused by an act or omission of the 
                        Indian tribe and that arises out of a failure 
                        to carry out the compact or funding agreement, 
                        as determined by the Secretary; or
                          ``(ii) gross mismanagement with respect to 
                        funds or programs transferred to the Indian 
                        tribe under the compact or funding agreement, 
                        as determined by the Secretary in consultation 
                        with the Inspector General of the Department, 
                        as appropriate.
                  ``(C) Prohibition.--The Secretary shall not terminate 
                a compact or funding agreement (or portion thereof) 
                unless--
                          ``(i) the Secretary has first provided 
                        written notice and a hearing on the record to 
                        the Indian tribe that is subject to the compact 
                        or funding agreement; and
                          ``(ii) the Indian tribe has not taken 
                        corrective action to remedy the mismanagement 
                        of funds or programs or the imminent jeopardy 
                        to a trust asset, natural resource, or public 
                        health and safety.
                  ``(D) Exception.--
                          ``(i) In general.--Notwithstanding 
                        subparagraph (C), the Secretary, upon written 
                        notification to an Indian tribe that is subject 
                        to a compact or funding agreement, may 
                        immediately terminate the compact or funding 
                        agreement (or portion thereof) if--
                                  ``(I) the Secretary makes a finding 
                                of imminent substantial and irreparable 
                                jeopardy to a trust asset, natural 
                                resource, or public health and safety; 
                                and
                                  ``(II) the jeopardy arises out of a 
                                failure to carry out the compact or 
                                funding agreement.
                          ``(ii) Hearings.--If the Secretary terminates 
                        a compact or funding agreement (or portion 
                        thereof) under clause (i), the Secretary shall 
                        provide the Indian tribe subject to the compact 
                        or agreement with a hearing on the record not 
                        later than 10 days after the date of such 
                        termination.
                  ``(E) Burden of proof.--In any hearing or appeal 
                involving a decision to terminate a compact or funding 
                agreement (or portion thereof) under this paragraph, 
                the Secretary shall have the burden of proof in 
                demonstrating by clear and convincing evidence the 
                validity of the grounds for the termination.
  ``(g) Cost Principles.--In administering funds received under this 
section, an Indian tribe shall apply cost principles under the 
applicable Office of Management and Budget circular, except as modified 
by section 450j-1 of title 25, other provisions of law, or by any 
exemptions to applicable Office of Management and Budget circulars 
subsequently granted by the Office of Management and Budget. No other 
audit or accounting standards shall be required by the Secretary. Any 
claim by the Federal Government against the Indian tribe relating to 
funds received under a funding agreement based on any audit conducted 
pursuant to this subsection shall be subject to the provisions of 
section 450j-1(f) of title 25.
  ``(h) Transfer of Funds.--The Secretary shall provide funds to an 
Indian tribe under a funding agreement in an amount equal to--
          ``(1) the sum of the funding that the Indian tribe would 
        otherwise receive for the program, function, service, or 
        activity in accordance with a funding formula or other 
        allocation method established under this title or chapter 53 of 
        title 49; and
          ``(2) such additional amounts as the Secretary determines 
        equal the amounts that would have been withheld for the costs 
        of the Bureau of Indian Affairs for administration of the 
        program or project.
  ``(i) Construction Programs.--
          ``(1) Standards.--Construction projects carried out under 
        programs administered by an Indian tribe with funds transferred 
        to the Indian tribe pursuant to a funding agreement entered 
        into under this section shall be constructed pursuant to the 
        construction program standards set forth in applicable 
        regulations or as specifically approved by the Secretary (or 
        the Secretary's designee).
          ``(2) Monitoring.--Construction programs shall be monitored 
        by the Secretary in accordance with applicable regulations.
  ``(j) Facilitation.--
          ``(1) Secretarial interpretation.--Except as otherwise 
        provided by law, the Secretary shall interpret all Federal 
        laws, Executive orders, and regulations in a manner that will 
        facilitate--
                  ``(A) the inclusion of programs, services, functions, 
                and activities (or portions thereof) and funds 
                associated therewith, in compacts and funding 
                agreements; and
                  ``(B) the implementation of the compacts and funding 
                agreements.
          ``(2) Regulation waiver.--
                  ``(A) In general.--An Indian tribe may submit to the 
                Secretary a written request to waive application of a 
                regulation promulgated under this section with respect 
                to a compact or funding agreement. The request shall 
                identify the regulation sought to be waived and the 
                basis for the request.
                  ``(B) Approvals and denials.--
                          ``(i) In general.--Not later than 90 days 
                        after the date of receipt of a written request 
                        under subparagraph (A), the Secretary shall 
                        approve or deny the request in writing.
                          ``(ii) Review.--The Secretary shall review 
                        any application by an Indian tribe for a waiver 
                        bearing in mind increasing opportunities for 
                        using flexible policy approaches at the Indian 
                        tribal level.
                          ``(iii) Deemed approval.--If the Secretary 
                        does not approve or deny a request submitted 
                        under subparagraph (A) on or before the last 
                        day of the 90-day period referred to in clause 
                        (i), the request shall be deemed approved.
                          ``(iv) Denials.--If the application for a 
                        waiver is not granted, the agency shall provide 
                        the applicant with the reasons for the denial 
                        as part of the written response required in 
                        clause (i).
                          ``(v) Finality of decisions.--A decision by 
                        the Secretary under this subparagraph shall be 
                        final for the Department.
  ``(k) Disclaimers.--
          ``(1) Existing authority.--Notwithstanding any other 
        provision of law, upon the election of an Indian tribe, the 
        Secretary shall--
                  ``(A) maintain current tribal transportation program 
                funding agreements and program agreements; or
                  ``(B) enter into new agreements under the authority 
                of section 202(b)(7).
          ``(2) Limitation on statutory construction.--Nothing in this 
        section may be construed to impair or diminish the authority of 
        the Secretary under section 202(b)(7).
  ``(l) Applicability of Indian Self-Determination and Education 
Assistance Act.--Except to the extent in conflict with this section (as 
determined by the Secretary), the following provisions of the Indian 
Self-Determination and Education Assistance Act shall apply to compact 
and funding agreements (except that any reference to the Secretary of 
the Interior or the Secretary of Health and Human Services in such 
provisions shall be treated as a reference to the Secretary of 
Transportation):
          ``(1) Subsections (a), (b), (d), (g), and (h) of section 506 
        of such Act (25 U.S.C. 458aaa-5), relating to general 
        provisions.
          ``(2) Subsections (b) through (e) and (g) of section 507 of 
        such Act (25 U.S.C.458aaa-6), relating to provisions relating 
        to the Secretary of Health and Human Services.
          ``(3) Subsections (a), (b), (d), (e), (g), (h), (i), and (k) 
        of section 508 of such Act (25 U.S.C. 458aaa-7), relating to 
        transfer of funds.
          ``(4) Section 510 of such Act (25 U.S.C. 458aaa-9), relating 
        to Federal procurement laws and regulations.
          ``(5) Section 511 of such Act (25 U.S.C. 458aaa-10), relating 
        to civil actions.
          ``(6) Subsections (a)(1), (a)(2), and (c) through (f) of 
        section 512 of such Act (25 U.S.C. 458aaa-11), relating to 
        facilitation, except that subsection (c)(1) of that section 
        shall be applied by substituting `transportation facilities and 
        other facilities' for `school buildings, hospitals, and other 
        facilities'.
          ``(7) Subsections (a) and (b) of section 515 of such Act (25 
        U.S.C. 458aaa-14), relating to disclaimers.
          ``(8) Subsections (a) and (b) of section 516 of such Act (25 
        U.S.C. 458aaa-15), relating to application of title I 
        provisions.
          ``(9) Section 518 of such Act (25 U.S.C. 458aaa-17), relating 
        to appeals.
  ``(m) Definitions.--
          ``(1) In general.--In this section, the following definitions 
        apply (except as otherwise expressly provided):
                  ``(A) Compact.--The term `compact' means a compact 
                between the Secretary and an Indian tribe entered into 
                under subsection (c).
                  ``(B) Department.--The term `Department' means the 
                Department of Transportation.
                  ``(C) Eligible indian tribe.--The term `eligible 
                Indian tribe' means an Indian tribe that is eligible to 
                participate in the program, as determined under 
                subsection (b).
                  ``(D) Funding agreement.--The term `funding 
                agreement' means a funding agreement between the 
                Secretary and an Indian tribe entered into under 
                subsection (d).
                  ``(E) Indian tribe.--The term `Indian tribe' means 
                any Indian or Alaska Native tribe, band, nation, 
                pueblo, village, or community that the Secretary of the 
                Interior acknowledges to exist as an Indian tribe under 
                the Federally Recognized Indian Tribe List Act of 1994 
                (25 U.S.C. 479a). In any case in which an Indian tribe 
                has authorized another Indian tribe, an intertribal 
                consortium, or a tribal organization to plan for or 
                carry out programs, services, functions, or activities 
                (or portions thereof) on its behalf under this part, 
                the authorized Indian tribe, intertribal consortium, or 
                tribal organization shall have the rights and 
                responsibilities of the authorizing Indian tribe 
                (except as otherwise provided in the authorizing 
                resolution or in this title). In such event, the term 
                `Indian tribe' as used in this part shall include such 
                other authorized Indian tribe, intertribal consortium, 
                or tribal organization.
                  ``(F) Program.--The term `program' means the tribal 
                transportation self-governance program established 
                under this section.
                  ``(G) Secretary.--The term `Secretary' means the 
                Secretary of Transportation.
                  ``(H) Transportation programs.--The term 
                `transportation programs' means all programs 
                administered or financed by the Department under this 
                title and chapter 53 of title 49.
          ``(2) Applicability of other definitions.--In this section, 
        the definitions set forth in sections 4 and 505 of the Indian 
        Self-Determination and Education Assistance Act (25 U.S.C. 
        450b; 458aaa) apply, except as otherwise expressly provided in 
        this section.
  ``(n) Regulations.--
          ``(1) In general.--
                  ``(A) Promulgation.--Not later than 90 days after the 
                date of enactment of the Surface Transportation 
                Reauthorization and Reform Act of 2015, the Secretary 
                shall initiate procedures under subchapter III of 
                chapter 5 of title 5 to negotiate and promulgate such 
                regulations as are necessary to carry out this section.
                  ``(B) Publication of proposed regulations.--Proposed 
                regulations to implement this section shall be 
                published in the Federal Register by the Secretary not 
                later than 21 months after such date of enactment.
                  ``(C) Expiration of authority.--The authority to 
                promulgate regulations under paragraph (1) shall expire 
                30 months after such date of enactment.
                  ``(D) Extension of deadlines.--A deadline set forth 
                in paragraph (1)(B) or (1)(C) may be extended up to 180 
                days if the negotiated rulemaking committee referred to 
                in paragraph (2) concludes that the committee cannot 
                meet the deadline and the Secretary so notifies the 
                appropriate committees of Congress.
          ``(2) Committee.--
                  ``(A) In general.--A negotiated rulemaking committee 
                established pursuant to section 565 of title 5 to carry 
                out this subsection shall have as its members only 
                Federal and tribal government representatives, a 
                majority of whom shall be nominated by and be 
                representatives of Indian tribes with funding 
                agreements under this title.
                  ``(B) Requirements.--The committee shall confer with, 
                and accommodate participation by, representatives of 
                Indian tribes, inter-tribal consortia, tribal 
                organizations, and individual tribal members.
                  ``(C) Adaptation of procedures.--The Secretary shall 
                adapt the negotiated rulemaking procedures to the 
                unique context of self-governance and the government-
                to-government relationship between the United States 
                and Indian tribes.
          ``(3) Effect.--The lack of promulgated regulations shall not 
        limit the effect of this section.
          ``(4) Effect of circulars, policies, manuals, guidance, and 
        rules.--Unless expressly agreed to by the participating Indian 
        tribe in the compact or funding agreement, the participating 
        Indian tribe shall not be subject to any agency circular, 
        policy, manual, guidance, or rule adopted by the Department, 
        except regulations promulgated under this section.''.
  (b) Clerical Amendment.--The analysis for such chapter is amended by 
inserting after the item relating to section 206 the following:

``207. Tribal transportation self-governance program.''.

SEC. 1117. EMERGENCY RELIEF.

  (a) Eligibility.--Section 125(d)(3) of title 23, United States Code, 
is amended--
          (1) in subparagraph (A) by striking ``or'' at the end;
          (2) in subparagraph (B) by striking the period at the end and 
        inserting ``; or''; and
          (3) by adding at the end the following:
                  ``(C) projects eligible for assistance under this 
                section located on Federal lands transportation 
                facilities or other federally owned roads that are open 
                to public travel (as defined in subsection (e)).''.
  (b) Definitions.--Section 125(e) of title 23, United States Code, is 
amended by striking paragraph (1) and inserting the following:
          ``(1) Definitions.--In this subsection, the following 
        definitions apply:
                  ``(A) Open to public travel.--The term `open to 
                public travel' means, with respect to a road, that, 
                except during scheduled periods, extreme weather 
                conditions, or emergencies, the road--
                          ``(i) is maintained;
                          ``(ii) is open to the general public; and
                          ``(iii) can accommodate travel by a standard 
                        passenger vehicle, without restrictive gates or 
                        prohibitive signs or regulations, other than 
                        for general traffic control or restrictions 
                        based on size, weight, or class of 
                        registration.
                  ``(B) Standard passenger vehicle.--The term `standard 
                passenger vehicle' means a vehicle with 6 inches of 
                clearance from the lowest point of the frame, body, 
                suspension, or differential to the ground.''.

SEC. 1118. HIGHWAY USE TAX EVASION PROJECTS.

  Section 143(b) of title 23, United States Code, is amended--
          (1) by striking paragraph (2)(A) and inserting the following:
                  ``(A) In general.--From administrative funds made 
                available under section 104(a), the Secretary may 
                deduct such sums as are necessary, not to exceed 
                $6,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2016 through 2021, 
                to carry out this section.'';
          (2) in the heading for paragraph (8) by inserting ``block 
        grant'' after ``surface transportation''; and
          (3) in paragraph (9) by inserting ``, the Committee on 
        Transportation and Infrastructure of the House of 
        Representatives, and the Committee on Environment and Public 
        Works of the Senate'' after ``the Secretary''.

SEC. 1119. BUNDLING OF BRIDGE PROJECTS.

  Section 144 of title 23, United States Code, is amended--
          (1) in subsection (c)(2)(A) by striking ``the natural 
        condition of the bridge'' and inserting ``the natural condition 
        of the water'';
          (2) by redesignating subsection (j) as subsection (k);
          (3) by inserting after subsection (i) the following:
  ``(j) Bundling of Bridge Projects.--
          ``(1) Purpose.--The purpose of this subsection is to save 
        costs and time by encouraging States to bundle multiple bridge 
        projects as 1 project.
          ``(2) Eligible entity defined.--In this subsection, the term 
        `eligible entity' means an entity eligible to carry out a 
        bridge project under section 119 or 133.
          ``(3) Bundling of bridge projects.--An eligible entity may 
        bundle 2 or more similar bridge projects that are--
                  ``(A) eligible projects under section 119 or 133;
                  ``(B) included as a bundled project in a 
                transportation improvement program under section 134(j) 
                or a statewide transportation improvement program under 
                section 135, as applicable; and
                  ``(C) awarded to a single contractor or consultant 
                pursuant to a contract for engineering and design or 
                construction between the contractor and an eligible 
                entity.
          ``(4) Itemization.--Notwithstanding any other provision of 
        law (including regulations), a bundling of bridge projects 
        under this subsection may be listed as--
                  ``(A) 1 project for purposes of sections 134 and 135; 
                and
                  ``(B) a single project within the applicable bundle.
          ``(5) Financial characteristics.--Projects bundled under this 
        subsection shall have the same financial characteristics, 
        including--
                  ``(A) the same funding category or subcategory; and
                  ``(B) the same Federal share.
          ``(6) Engineering cost reimbursement.--The provisions of 
        section 102(b) do not apply to projects carried out under this 
        subsection.''; and
          (4) in subsection (k)(2), as redesignated by paragraph (2) of 
        this section, by striking ``104(b)(3)'' and inserting 
        ``104(b)(2)''.

SEC. 1120. TRIBAL HIGH PRIORITY PROJECTS PROGRAM.

  Section 1123(h)(1) of MAP-21 (23 U.S.C. 202 note) is amended by 
striking ``fiscal years'' and all that follows through the period at 
the end and inserting ``fiscal years 2016 through 2021.''.

SEC. 1121. CONSTRUCTION OF FERRY BOATS AND FERRY TERMINAL FACILITIES.

  Section 147(e) of title 23, United States Code, is amended by 
striking ``2013 and 2014'' and inserting ``2016 through 2021''.

            Subtitle B--Planning and Performance Management

SEC. 1201. METROPOLITAN TRANSPORTATION PLANNING.

  Section 134 of title 23, United States Code, is amended--
          (1) in subsection (c)(2), by striking ``and bicycle 
        transportation facilities'' and inserting ``, bicycle 
        transportation facilities, and intermodal facilities that 
        support intercity transportation, including intercity buses and 
        intercity bus facilities'';
          (2) in subsection (d)--
                  (A) by redesignating paragraphs (3) through (6) as 
                paragraphs (4) through (7), respectively;
                  (B) by inserting after paragraph (2) the following:
          ``(3) Representation.--
                  ``(A) In general.--Designation or selection of 
                officials or representatives under paragraph (2) shall 
                be determined by the metropolitan planning organization 
                according to the bylaws or enabling statute of the 
                organization.
                  ``(B) Public transportation representative.--Subject 
                to the bylaws or enabling statute of the metropolitan 
                planning organization, a representative of a provider 
                of public transportation may also serve as a 
                representative of a local municipality.
                  ``(C) Powers of certain officials.--An official 
                described in paragraph (2)(B) shall have 
                responsibilities, actions, duties, voting rights, and 
                any other authority commensurate with other officials 
                described in paragraph (2).''; and
                  (C) in paragraph (5) as so redesignated by striking 
                ``paragraph (5)'' and inserting ``paragraph (6)'';
          (3) in subsection (e)(4)(B), by striking ``subsection 
        (d)(5)'' and inserting ``subsection (d)(6)'';
          (4) in subsection (g)(3)(A), by inserting ``tourism, natural 
        disaster risk reduction,'' after ``economic development,'';
          (5) in subsection (h)--
                  (A) in paragraph (1)--
                          (i) in subparagraph (G), by striking ``and'' 
                        at the end;
                          (ii) in subparagraph (H) by striking the 
                        period at the end and inserting a semicolon; 
                        and
                          (iii) by adding at the end the following:
                  ``(I) improve the resilience and reliability of the 
                transportation system; and
                  ``(J) enhance travel and tourism.''; and
                  (B) in paragraph (2)(A) by striking ``and in section 
                5301(c) of title 49'' and inserting ``and the general 
                purposes described in section 5301 of title 49'';
          (6) in subsection (i)--
                  (A) in paragraph (2)(A)(i) by striking ``transit,'' 
                and inserting ``public transportation facilities, 
                intercity bus facilities,'';
                  (B) in paragraph (6)(A)--
                          (i) by inserting ``public ports,'' before 
                        ``freight shippers,''; and
                          (ii) by inserting ``(including intercity bus 
                        operators, employer-based commuting programs, 
                        such as a carpool program, vanpool program, 
                        transit benefit program, parking cash-out 
                        program, shuttle program, or telework 
                        program)'' after ``private providers of 
                        transportation''; and
                  (C) in paragraph (8) by striking ``paragraph (2)(C)'' 
                and inserting ``paragraph (2)(E)'' each place it 
                appears;
          (7) in subsection (k)(3)--
                  (A) in subparagraph (A) by inserting ``(including 
                intercity bus operators, employer-based commuting 
                programs such as a carpool program, vanpool program, 
                transit benefit program, parking cash-out program, 
                shuttle program, or telework program), job access 
                projects,'' after ``reduction''; and
                  (B) by adding at the end the following:
                  ``(C) Congestion management plan.--A metropolitan 
                planning organization with a transportation management 
                area may develop a plan that includes projects and 
                strategies that will be considered in the TIP of such 
                metropolitan planning organization. Such plan shall--
                          ``(i) develop regional goals to reduce 
                        vehicle miles traveled during peak commuting 
                        hours and improve transportation connections 
                        between areas with high job concentration and 
                        areas with high concentrations of low-income 
                        households;
                          ``(ii) identify existing public 
                        transportation services, employer-based 
                        commuter programs, and other existing 
                        transportation services that support access to 
                        jobs in the region; and
                          ``(iii) identify proposed projects and 
                        programs to reduce congestion and increase job 
                        access opportunities.
                  ``(D) Participation.--In developing the plan under 
                subparagraph (C), a metropolitan planning organization 
                shall consult with employers, private and nonprofit 
                providers of public transportation, transportation 
                management organizations, and organizations that 
                provide job access reverse commute projects or job-
                related services to low-income individuals.'';
          (8) in subsection (l)--
                  (A) by adding a period at the end of paragraph (1); 
                and
                  (B) in paragraph (2)(D) by striking ``of less than 
                200,000'' and inserting ``with a population of 200,000 
                or less'';
          (9) in subsection (n)(1) by inserting ``49'' after ``chapter 
        53 of title''; and
          (10) in subsection (p) by striking ``Funds set aside under 
        section 104(f)'' and inserting ``Funds apportioned under 
        section 104(b)(5)''.

SEC. 1202. STATEWIDE AND NONMETROPOLITAN TRANSPORTATION PLANNING.

  Section 135 of title 23, United States Code, is amended--
          (1) in subsection (a)(2) by striking ``and bicycle 
        transportation facilities'' and inserting, ``, bicycle 
        transportation facilities, and intermodal facilities that 
        support intercity transportation, including intercity buses and 
        intercity bus facilities'';
          (2) in subsection (d)--
                  (A) in paragraph (1)--
                          (i) in subparagraph (G) by striking ``and'' 
                        at the end;
                          (ii) in subparagraph (H) by striking the 
                        period at the end and inserting a semicolon; 
                        and
                          (iii) by adding at the end the following:
                  ``(I) improve the resilience and reliability of the 
                transportation system; and
                  ``(J) enhance travel and tourism.''; and
                  (B) in paragraph (2)--
                          (i) in subparagraph (A) by striking ``and in 
                        section 5301(c) of title 49'' and inserting 
                        ``and the general purposes described in section 
                        5301 of title 49'';
                          (ii) in subparagraph (B)(ii) by striking 
                        ``urbanized''; and
                          (iii) in subparagraph (C) by striking 
                        ``urbanized''; and
          (3) in subsection (f)--
                  (A) in paragraph (3)(A)(ii)--
                          (i) by inserting ``public ports,'' before 
                        ``freight shippers,''; and
                          (ii) by inserting ``(including intercity bus 
                        operators, employer-based commuting programs, 
                        such as a carpool program, vanpool program, 
                        transit benefit program, parking cash-out 
                        program, shuttle program, or telework 
                        program)'' after ``private providers of 
                        transportation''; and
                  (B) in paragraph (7), in the matter preceding 
                subparagraph (A), by striking ``should'' and inserting 
                ``shall''.

              Subtitle C--Acceleration of Project Delivery

SEC. 1301. SATISFACTION OF REQUIREMENTS FOR CERTAIN HISTORIC SITES.

  (a) Highways.--Section 138 of title 23, United States Code, is 
amended by adding at the end the following:
  ``(c) Satisfaction of Requirements for Certain Historic Sites.--
          ``(1) In general.--The Secretary shall--
                  ``(A) align, to the maximum extent practicable, with 
                the requirements of the National Environmental Policy 
                Act of 1969 (42 U.S.C. 4231 et seq.) and section 306108 
                of title 54, including implementing regulations; and
                  ``(B) not later than 90 days after the date of 
                enactment of this subsection, coordinate with the 
                Secretary of the Interior and the Executive Director of 
                the Advisory Council on Historic Preservation (referred 
                to in this subsection as the `Council') to establish 
                procedures to satisfy the requirements described in 
                subparagraph (A) (including regulations).
          ``(2) Avoidance alternative analysis.--
                  ``(A) In general.--If, in an analysis required under 
                the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (42 
                U.S.C. 4231 et seq.), the Secretary determines that 
                there is no feasible or prudent alternative to avoid 
                use of a historic site, the Secretary may--
                          ``(i) include the determination of the 
                        Secretary in the analysis required under that 
                        Act;
                          ``(ii) provide a notice of the determination 
                        to--
                                  ``(I) each applicable State historic 
                                preservation officer and tribal 
                                historic preservation officer;
                                  ``(II) the Council, if the Council is 
                                participating in the consultation 
                                process under section 306108 of title 
                                54; and
                                  ``(III) the Secretary of the 
                                Interior; and
                          ``(iii) request from the applicable 
                        preservation officer, the Council, and the 
                        Secretary of the Interior a concurrence that 
                        the determination is sufficient to satisfy the 
                        requirement of subsection (a)(1).
                  ``(B) Concurrence.--If the applicable preservation 
                officer, the Council, and the Secretary of the Interior 
                each provide a concurrence requested under subparagraph 
                (A)(iii), no further analysis under subsection (a)(1) 
                shall be required.
                  ``(C) Publication.--A notice of a determination, 
                together with each relevant concurrence to that 
                determination, under subparagraph (A) shall be--
                          ``(i) included in the record of decision or 
                        finding of no significant impact of the 
                        Secretary; and
                          ``(ii) posted on an appropriate Federal Web 
                        site by not later than 3 days after the date of 
                        receipt by the Secretary of all concurrences 
                        requested under subparagraph (A)(iii).
          ``(3) Aligning historical reviews.--
                  ``(A) In general.--If the Secretary, the applicable 
                preservation officer, the Council, and the Secretary of 
                the Interior concur that no feasible and prudent 
                alternative exists as described in paragraph (2), the 
                Secretary may provide to the applicable preservation 
                officer, the Council, and the Secretary of the Interior 
                notice of the intent of the Secretary to satisfy the 
                requirements of subsection (a)(2) through the 
                consultation requirements of section 306108 of title 
                54.
                  ``(B) Satisfaction of conditions.--To satisfy the 
                requirements of subsection (a)(2), each individual 
                described in paragraph (2)(A)(ii) shall concur in the 
                treatment of the applicable historic site described in 
                the memorandum of agreement or programmatic agreement 
                developed under section 306108 of title 54.''.
  (b) Public Transportation.--Section 303 of title 49, United States 
Code, is amended by adding at the end the following:
  ``(e) Satisfaction of Requirements for Certain Historic Sites.--
          ``(1) In general.--The Secretary shall--
                  ``(A) align, to the maximum extent practicable, the 
                requirements of this section with the requirements of 
                the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (42 
                U.S.C. 4231 et seq.) and section 306108 of title 54, 
                including implementing regulations; and
                  ``(B) not later than 90 days after the date of 
                enactment of this subsection, coordinate with the 
                Secretary of the Interior and the Executive Director of 
                the Advisory Council on Historic Preservation (referred 
                to in this subsection as the `Council') to establish 
                procedures to satisfy the requirements described in 
                subparagraph (A) (including regulations).
          ``(2) Avoidance alternative analysis.--
                  ``(A) In general.--If, in an analysis required under 
                the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (42 
                U.S.C. 4231 et seq.), the Secretary determines that 
                there is no feasible or prudent alternative to avoid 
                use of a historic site, the Secretary may--
                          ``(i) include the determination of the 
                        Secretary in the analysis required under that 
                        Act;
                          ``(ii) provide a notice of the determination 
                        to--
                                  ``(I) each applicable State historic 
                                preservation officer and tribal 
                                historic preservation officer;
                                  ``(II) the Council, if the Council is 
                                participating in the consultation 
                                process under section 306108 of title 
                                54; and
                                  ``(III) the Secretary of the 
                                Interior; and
                          ``(iii) request from the applicable 
                        preservation officer, the Council, and the 
                        Secretary of the Interior a concurrence that 
                        the determination is sufficient to satisfy the 
                        requirement of subsection (c)(1).
                  ``(B) Concurrence.--If the applicable preservation 
                officer, the Council, and the Secretary of the Interior 
                each provide a concurrence requested under subparagraph 
                (A)(iii), no further analysis under subsection (a)(1) 
                shall be required.
                  ``(C) Publication.--A notice of a determination, 
                together with each relevant concurrence to that 
                determination, under subparagraph (A) shall be--
                          ``(i) included in the record of decision or 
                        finding of no significant impact of the 
                        Secretary; and
                          ``(ii) posted on an appropriate Federal Web 
                        site by not later than 3 days after the date of 
                        receipt by the Secretary of all concurrences 
                        requested under subparagraph (A)(iii).
          ``(3) Aligning historical reviews.--
                  ``(A) In general.--If the Secretary, the applicable 
                preservation officer, the Council, and the Secretary of 
                the Interior concur that no feasible and prudent 
                alternative exists as described in paragraph (2), the 
                Secretary may provide to the applicable preservation 
                officer, the Council, and the Secretary of the Interior 
                notice of the intent of the Secretary to satisfy the 
                requirements of subsection (c)(2) through the 
                consultation requirements of section 306108 of title 
                54.
                  ``(B) Satisfaction of conditions.--To satisfy the 
                requirements of subsection (c)(2), the applicable 
                preservation officer, the Council, and the Secretary of 
                the Interior shall concur in the treatment of the 
                applicable historic site described in the memorandum of 
                agreement or programmatic agreement developed under 
                section 306108 of title 54.''.

SEC. 1302. TREATMENT OF IMPROVEMENTS TO RAIL AND TRANSIT UNDER 
                    PRESERVATION REQUIREMENTS.

  (a) Title 23 Amendment.--Section 138 of title 23, United States Code, 
as amended by this Act, is further amended by adding at the end the 
following:
  ``(d) Rail and Transit.--
          ``(1) In general.--Improvements to, or the maintenance, 
        rehabilitation, or operation of, railroad or rail transit lines 
        or elements thereof that are in use or were historically used 
        for the transportation of goods or passengers shall not be 
        considered a use of a historic site under subsection (a), 
        regardless of whether the railroad or rail transit line or 
        element thereof is listed on, or eligible for listing on, the 
        National Register of Historic Places.
          ``(2) Exceptions.--
                  ``(A) In general.--Paragraph (1) shall not apply to--
                          ``(i) stations; or
                          ``(ii) bridges or tunnels located on--
                                  ``(I) railroad lines that have been 
                                abandoned; or
                                  ``(II) transit lines that are not in 
                                use.
                  ``(B) Clarification with respect to certain bridges 
                and tunnels.--The bridges and tunnels referred to in 
                subparagraph (A)(ii) do not include bridges or tunnels 
                located on railroad or transit lines--
                          ``(i) over which service has been 
                        discontinued; or
                          ``(ii) that have been railbanked or otherwise 
                        reserved for the transportation of goods or 
                        passengers.''.
  (b) Title 49 Amendment.--Section 303 of title 49, United States Code, 
as amended by this Act, is further amended--
          (1) in subsection (c), in the matter preceding paragraph (1), 
        by striking ``subsection (d)'' and inserting ``subsections (d), 
        (e), and (f)''; and
          (2) by adding at the end the following:
  ``(f) Rail and Transit.--
          ``(1) In general.--Improvements to, or the maintenance, 
        rehabilitation, or operation of, railroad or rail transit lines 
        or elements thereof that are in use or were historically used 
        for the transportation of goods or passengers shall not be 
        considered a use of a historic site under subsection (c), 
        regardless of whether the railroad or rail transit line or 
        element thereof is listed on, or eligible for listing on, the 
        National Register of Historic Places.
          ``(2) Exceptions.--
                  ``(A) In general.--Paragraph (1) shall not apply to--
                          ``(i) stations; or
                          ``(ii) bridges or tunnels located on--
                                  ``(I) railroad lines that have been 
                                abandoned; or
                                  ``(II) transit lines that are not in 
                                use.
                  ``(B) Clarification with respect to certain bridges 
                and tunnels.--The bridges and tunnels referred to in 
                subparagraph (A)(ii) do not include bridges or tunnels 
                located on railroad or transit lines--
                          ``(i) over which service has been 
                        discontinued; or
                          ``(ii) that have been railbanked or otherwise 
                        reserved for the transportation of goods or 
                        passengers.''.

SEC. 1303. CLARIFICATION OF TRANSPORTATION ENVIRONMENTAL AUTHORITIES.

  (a) Title 23 Amendment.--Section 138 of title 23, United States Code, 
as amended by this Act, is further amended by adding at the end the 
following:
  ``(e) References to Past Transportation Environmental Authorities.--
          ``(1) Section 4(f) requirements.--The requirements of this 
        section are commonly referred to as section 4(f) requirements 
        (see section 4(f) of the Department of Transportation Act 
        (Public Law 89-670; 80 Stat. 934) as in effect before the 
        repeal of that section).
          ``(2) Section 106 requirements.--The requirements of section 
        306108 of title 54 are commonly referred to as section 106 
        requirements (see section 106 of the National Historic 
        Preservation Act of 1966 (Public Law 89-665; 80 Stat. 915) as 
        in effect before the repeal of that section).''.
  (b) Title 49 Amendment.--Section 303 of title 49, United States Code, 
as amended by this Act, is further amended by adding at the end the 
following:
  ``(g) References to Past Transportation Environmental Authorities.--
          ``(1) Section 4(f) requirements.--The requirements of this 
        section are commonly referred to as section 4(f) requirements 
        (see section 4(f) of the Department of Transportation Act 
        (Public Law 89-670; 80 Stat. 934) as in effect before the 
        repeal of that section).
          ``(2) Section 106 requirements.--The requirements of section 
        306108 of title 54 are commonly referred to as section 106 
        requirements (see section 106 of the National Historic 
        Preservation Act of 1966 (Public Law 89-665; 80 Stat. 915) as 
        in effect before the repeal of that section).''.

SEC. 1304. TREATMENT OF CERTAIN BRIDGES UNDER PRESERVATION 
                    REQUIREMENTS.

  (a) Title 23 Amendment.--Section 138 of title 23, United States Code, 
as amended by this Act, is further amended by adding at the end the 
following:
  ``(f) Bridge Exemption.--A common post-1945 concrete or steel bridge 
or culvert that is exempt from individual review under section 306108 
of title 54 (as described in 77 Fed. Reg. 68790) shall be treated under 
this section as having a de minimis impact on an area.''.
  (b) Title 49 Amendment.--Section 303 of title 49, United States Code, 
as amended by this Act, is further amended by adding at the end the 
following:
  ``(h) Bridge Exemption.--A common post-1945 concrete or steel bridge 
or culvert that is exempt from individual review under section 306108 
of title 54 (as described in 77 Fed. Reg. 68790) shall be treated under 
this section as having a de minimis impact on an area.''.

SEC. 1305. EFFICIENT ENVIRONMENTAL REVIEWS FOR PROJECT DECISIONMAKING.

  (a) Definitions.--Section 139(a) of title 23, United States Code, is 
amended--
          (1) by striking paragraph (5) and inserting the following:
          ``(5) Multimodal project.--The term `multimodal project' 
        means a project that requires the approval of more than 1 
        Department of Transportation operating administration or 
        secretarial office.'';
          (2) by adding at the end the following:
          ``(9) Substantial deference.--The term `substantial 
        deference' means deference by a participating agency to the 
        recommendations and decisions of the lead agency unless it is 
        not possible to defer without violating the participating 
        agency's statutory responsibilities.''.
  (b) Applicability.--Section 139(b)(3) of title 23, United States 
Code, is amended--
          (1) in subparagraph (A) in the matter preceding clause (i) by 
        striking ``initiate a rulemaking to''; and
          (2) by striking subparagraph (B) and inserting the following:
                  ``(B) Requirements.--In carrying out subparagraph 
                (A), the Secretary shall ensure that programmatic 
                reviews--
                          ``(i) promote transparency, including the 
                        transparency of--
                                  ``(I) the analyses and data used in 
                                the environmental reviews;
                                  ``(II) the treatment of any deferred 
                                issues raised by agencies or the 
                                public; and
                                  ``(III) the temporal and spatial 
                                scales to be used to analyze issues 
                                under subclauses (I) and (II);
                          ``(ii) use accurate and timely information, 
                        including through establishment of--
                                  ``(I) criteria for determining the 
                                general duration of the usefulness of 
                                the review; and
                                  ``(II) a timeline for updating an 
                                out-of-date review;
                          ``(iii) describe--
                                  ``(I) the relationship between any 
                                programmatic analysis and future tiered 
                                analysis; and
                                  ``(II) the role of the public in the 
                                creation of future tiered analysis;
                          ``(iv) are available to other relevant 
                        Federal and State agencies, Indian tribes, and 
                        the public; and
                          ``(v) provide notice and public comment 
                        opportunities consistent with applicable 
                        requirements.''.
  (c) Federal Lead Agency.--Section 139(c)(1)(A) of title 23, United 
States Code, is amended by inserting ``, or an operating administration 
thereof designated by the Secretary,'' after ``Department of 
Transportation''.
  (d) Participating Agencies.--
          (1) Invitation.--Section 139(d)(2) of title 23, United States 
        Code, is amended by striking ``The lead agency shall identify, 
        as early as practicable in the environmental review process for 
        a project,'' and inserting ``Not later than 45 days after the 
        date of publication of a notice of intent to prepare an 
        environmental impact statement or the initiation of an 
        environmental assessment, the lead agency shall identify''.
          (2) Single nepa document.--Section 139(d) of title 23, United 
        States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following:
          ``(8) Single nepa document.--
                  ``(A) In general.--Except as inconsistent with 
                paragraph (7), to the maximum extent practicable and 
                consistent with Federal law, all Federal permits and 
                reviews for a project shall rely on a single 
                environment document prepared under the National 
                Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (42 U.S.C. 4321 et 
                seq.) under the leadership of the lead agency.
                  ``(B) Use of document.--
                          ``(i) In general.--To the maximum extent 
                        practicable, the lead agency shall develop an 
                        environmental document sufficient to satisfy 
                        the requirements for any Federal approval or 
                        other Federal action required for the project, 
                        including permits issued by other Federal 
                        agencies.
                          ``(ii) Cooperation of participating 
                        agencies.--Other participating agencies shall 
                        cooperate with the lead agency and provide 
                        timely information to help the lead agency 
                        carry out this subparagraph.
                  ``(C) Treatment as participating and cooperating 
                agencies.--A Federal agency required to make an 
                approval or take an action for a project, as described 
                in subparagraph (B), shall work with the lead agency 
                for the project to ensure that the agency making the 
                approval or taking the action is treated as being both 
                a participating and cooperating agency for the 
                project.''.
  (e) Project Initiation.--Section 139(e) of title 23, United States 
Code, is amended by adding at the end the following:
          ``(3) Environmental checklist.--
                  ``(A) Development.--The lead agency for a project, in 
                consultation with participating agencies, shall 
                develop, as appropriate, a checklist to help project 
                sponsors identify potential natural, cultural, and 
                historic resources in the area of the project.
                  ``(B) Purpose.--The purposes of the checklist are--
                          ``(i) to identify agencies and organizations 
                        that can provide information about natural, 
                        cultural, and historic resources;
                          ``(ii) to develop the information needed to 
                        determine the range of alternatives; and
                          ``(iii) to improve interagency collaboration 
                        to help expedite the permitting process for the 
                        lead agency and participating agencies.''.
  (f) Purpose and Need.--Section 139(f) of title 23, United States 
Code, is amended--
          (1) in the subsection heading by inserting ``; Alternatives 
        Analysis'' after ``Need'';
          (2) in paragraph (4)--
                  (A) by striking subparagraph (A) and inserting the 
                following:
                  ``(A) Participation.--
                          ``(i) In general.--As early as practicable 
                        during the environmental review process, the 
                        lead agency shall seek the involvement of 
                        participating agencies and the public for the 
                        purpose of reaching agreement early in the 
                        environmental review process on a reasonable 
                        range of alternatives that will satisfy all 
                        subsequent Federal environmental review and 
                        permit requirements.
                          ``(ii) Comments of participating agencies.--
                        To the maximum extent practicable and 
                        consistent with applicable law, each 
                        participating agency receiving an opportunity 
                        for involvement under clause (i) shall--
                                  ``(I) limit the agency's comments to 
                                subject matter areas within the 
                                agency's special expertise or 
                                jurisdiction; and
                                  ``(II) afford substantial deference 
                                to the range of alternatives 
                                recommended by the lead agency.
                          ``(iii) Effect of nonparticipation.--A 
                        participating agency that declines to 
                        participate in the development of the purpose 
                        and need and reasonable range of alternatives 
                        for a project shall be required to comply with 
                        the schedule developed under subsection 
                        (g)(1)(B).''; and
                  (B) in subparagraph (B)--
                          (i) by striking ``Following participation 
                        under paragraph (1)'' and inserting the 
                        following:
                          ``(i) Determination.--Following participation 
                        under subparagraph (A)''; and
                          (ii) by adding at the end the following:
                          ``(ii) Use.--To the maximum extent 
                        practicable and consistent with Federal law, 
                        the range of alternatives determined for a 
                        project under clause (i) shall be used for all 
                        Federal environmental reviews and permit 
                        processes required for the project unless the 
                        alternatives must be modified--
                                  ``(I) to address significant new 
                                information or circumstances, and the 
                                lead agency and participating agencies 
                                agree that the alternatives must be 
                                modified to address the new information 
                                or circumstances; or
                                  ``(II) for the lead agency or a 
                                participating agency to fulfill its 
                                responsibilities under the National 
                                Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (42 
                                U.S.C. 4321 et seq.) in a timely 
                                manner.''.
  (g) Coordination and Scheduling.--
          (1) Coordination plan.--Section 139(g)(1) of title 23, United 
        States Code, is amended--
                  (A) in subparagraph (A) by striking ``The lead 
                agency'' and inserting ``Not later than 90 days after 
                the date of publication of a notice of intent to 
                prepare an environmental impact statement or the 
                initiation of an environmental assessment, the lead 
                agency''; and
                  (B) in subparagraph (B)(i) by striking ``may 
                establish'' and inserting ``shall establish''.
          (2) Deadlines for decisions under other laws.--Section 
        139(g)(3) of title 23, United States Code, is amended to read 
        as follows:
          ``(3) Deadlines for decisions under other laws.--
                  ``(A) In general.--In any case in which a decision 
                under any Federal law relating to a project (including 
                the issuance or denial of a permit or license) is 
                required by law, regulation, or Executive order to be 
                made after the date on which the lead agency has issued 
                a categorical exclusion, finding of no significant 
                impact, or record of decision with respect to the 
                project, any such later decision shall be made or 
                completed by the later of--
                          ``(i) the date that is 180 days after the 
                        lead agency's final decision has been made; or
                          ``(ii) the date that is 180 days after the 
                        date on which a completed application was 
                        submitted for the permit or license.
                  ``(B) Treatment of delays.--Following the deadline 
                established by subparagraph (A), the Secretary shall 
                submit to the Committee on Transportation and 
                Infrastructure of the House of Representatives and the 
                Committee on Environment and Public Works of the 
                Senate, and publish on the Department's Internet Web 
                site--
                          ``(i) as soon as practicable after the 180-
                        day period, an initial notice of the failure of 
                        the Federal agency to make the decision; and
                          ``(ii) every 60 days thereafter, until such 
                        date as all decisions of the Federal agency 
                        relating to the project have been made by the 
                        Federal agency, an additional notice that 
                        describes the number of decisions of the 
                        Federal agency that remain outstanding as of 
                        the date of the additional notice.''.
          (3) Adoption of documents; accelerated decisionmaking in 
        environmental reviews.--
                  (A) In general.--Section 139(g) of title 23, United 
                States Code, is amended--
                          (i) by redesignating paragraph (4) as 
                        paragraph (5); and
                          (ii) by inserting after paragraph (3) the 
                        following:
          ``(4) Accelerated decisionmaking in environmental reviews.--
                  ``(A) In general.--In preparing a final environmental 
                impact statement under the National Environmental 
                Policy Act of 1969 (42 U.S.C. 4321 et seq.), if the 
                lead agency modifies the statement in response to 
                comments that are minor and are confined to factual 
                corrections or explanations of why the comments do not 
                warrant additional agency response, the lead agency may 
                write on errata sheets attached to the statement 
                instead of rewriting the draft statement, subject to 
                the condition that the errata sheets--
                          ``(i) cite the sources, authorities, and 
                        reasons that support the position of the 
                        agency; and
                          ``(ii) if appropriate, indicate the 
                        circumstances that would trigger agency 
                        reappraisal or further response.
                  ``(B) Single document.--To the maximum extent 
                practicable, the lead agency shall expeditiously 
                develop a single document that consists of a final 
                environmental impact statement and a record of 
                decision, unless--
                          ``(i) the final environmental impact 
                        statement makes substantial changes to the 
                        proposed action that are relevant to 
                        environmental or safety concerns; or
                          ``(ii) there is a significant new 
                        circumstance or information relevant to 
                        environmental concerns that bears on the 
                        proposed action or the impacts of the proposed 
                        action.''.
                  (B) Conforming amendment.--Section 1319 of MAP-21 (42 
                U.S.C. 4332a), and the item relating to that section in 
                the table of contents contained in section 1(c) of that 
                Act, are repealed.
  (h) Issue Identification and Resolution.--
          (1) Issue resolution.--Section 139(h) of title 23, United 
        States Code, is amended--
                  (A) by redesignating paragraphs (4) through (7) as 
                paragraphs (5) through (8), respectively; and
                  (B) by inserting after paragraph (3) the following:
          ``(4) Issue resolution.--Any issue resolved by the lead 
        agency and participating agencies may not be reconsidered 
        unless significant new information or circumstances arise.''.
          (2) Failure to assure.--Section 139(h)(5)(C) of title 23, 
        United States Code, (as redesignated by paragraph (1)(A) of 
        this subsection) is amended by striking ``paragraph (5) and'' 
        and inserting ``paragraph (6)''.
          (3) Accelerated issue resolution and referral.--Section 
        139(h)(6) of title 23, United States Code, (as redesignated by 
        paragraph (1)(A) of this subsection) is amended by striking 
        subparagraph (C) and inserting the following:
                  ``(C) Referral to council on environmental quality.--
                          ``(i) In general.--If issue resolution for a 
                        project is not achieved on or before the 30th 
                        day after the date of a meeting under 
                        subparagraph (B), the Secretary shall refer the 
                        matter to the Council on Environmental Quality.
                          ``(ii) Meeting.--Not later than 30 days after 
                        the date of receipt of a referral from the 
                        Secretary under clause (i), the Council on 
                        Environmental Quality shall hold an issue 
                        resolution meeting with--
                                  ``(I) the head of the lead agency;
                                  ``(II) the heads of relevant 
                                participating agencies; and
                                  ``(III) the project sponsor 
                                (including the Governor only if the 
                                initial issue resolution meeting 
                                request came from the Governor).
                          ``(iii) Resolution.--The Council on 
                        Environmental Quality shall work with the lead 
                        agency, relevant participating agencies, and 
                        the project sponsor until all issues are 
                        resolved.''.
          (4) Financial penalty provisions.--Section 139(h)(7)(B)(i)(I) 
        of title 23, United States Code, (as redesignated by paragraph 
        (1)(A) of this subsection) is amended by striking ``under 
        section 106(i) is required'' and inserting ``is required under 
        subsection (h) or (i) of section 106''.
  (i) Assistance to Affected State and Federal Agencies.--
          (1) In general.--Section 139(j)(1) of title 23, United States 
        Code, is amended to read as follows:
          ``(1) In general.--
                  ``(A) Authority to provide funds.--The Secretary may 
                allow a public entity receiving financial assistance 
                from the Department of Transportation under this title 
                or chapter 53 of title 49 to provide funds to Federal 
                agencies (including the Department), State agencies, 
                and Indian tribes participating in the environmental 
                review process for the project or program.
                  ``(B) Use of funds.--Funds referred to in 
                subparagraph (A) may be provided only to support 
                activities that directly and meaningfully contribute to 
                expediting and improving permitting and review 
                processes, including planning, approval, and 
                consultation processes for the project or program.''.
          (2) Activities eligible for funding.--Section 139(j)(2) of 
        title 23, United States Code, is amended by inserting 
        ``activities directly related to the environmental review 
        process,'' before ``dedicated staffing,''.
          (3) Agreement.--Section 139(j)(6) of title 23, United States 
        Code, is amended to read as follows:
          ``(6) Agreement.--Prior to providing funds approved by the 
        Secretary for dedicated staffing at an affected agency under 
        paragraphs (1) and (2), the affected agency and the requesting 
        public entity shall enter into an agreement that establishes 
        the projects and priorities to be addressed by the use of the 
        funds.''.
  (j) Implementation of Programmatic Compliance.--
          (1) Rulemaking.--Not later than 1 year after the date of 
        enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall complete a 
        rulemaking to implement the provisions of section 139(b)(3) of 
        title 23, United States Code, as amended by this section.
          (2) Consultation.--Before initiating the rulemaking under 
        paragraph (1), the Secretary shall consult with relevant 
        Federal agencies, relevant State resource agencies, State 
        departments of transportation, Indian tribes, and the public on 
        the appropriate use and scope of the programmatic approaches.
          (3) Requirements.--In carrying out this subsection, the 
        Secretary shall ensure that the rulemaking meets the 
        requirements of section 139(b)(3)(B) of title 23, United States 
        Code, as amended by this section.
          (4) Comment period.--The Secretary shall--
                  (A) allow not fewer than 60 days for public notice 
                and comment on the proposed rule; and
                  (B) address any comments received under this 
                subsection.

SEC. 1306. IMPROVING TRANSPARENCY IN ENVIRONMENTAL REVIEWS.

  (a) In General.--Not later than 18 months after the date of enactment 
of this Act, the Secretary shall--
          (1) maintain and use a searchable Internet Web site--
                  (A) to make publicly available the status and 
                progress of projects, as defined in section 139 of 
                title 23, United States Code, requiring an 
                environmental assessment or an environmental impact 
                statement with respect to compliance with applicable 
                requirements of the National Environmental Policy Act 
                of 1969 (42 U.S.C. 4321 et seq.) and any other Federal, 
                State, or local approval required for such projects; 
                and
                  (B) to make publicly available the names of 
                participating agencies not participating in the 
                development of a project purpose and need and range of 
                alternatives under section 139(f) of title 23, United 
                States Code; and
          (2) in coordination with agencies described in subsection (b) 
        and State agencies, issue reporting standards to meet the 
        requirements of paragraph (1).
  (b) Federal, State, and Local Agency Participation.--A Federal, 
State, or local agency participating in the environmental review or 
permitting process for a project, as defined in section 139 of title 
23, United States Code, shall provide to the Secretary information 
regarding the status and progress of the approval of the project for 
publication on the Internet Web site maintained under subsection (a), 
consistent with the standards established under subsection (a).
  (c) States With Delegated Authority.--A State with delegated 
authority for responsibilities under the National Environmental Policy 
Act of 1969 (42 U.S.C. 4321 et seq.) pursuant to section 327 of title 
23, United States Code, shall be responsible for supplying project 
development and compliance status to the Secretary for all applicable 
projects.

SEC. 1307. INTEGRATION OF PLANNING AND ENVIRONMENTAL REVIEW.

  (a) Definitions.--Section 168(a) of title 23, United States Code, is 
amended--
          (1) by striking paragraph (1) and inserting the following:
          ``(1) Environmental review process.--The term `environmental 
        review process' has the meaning given that term in section 
        139(a).'';
          (2) by redesignating paragraphs (2) through (4) as paragraphs 
        (3) through (5), respectively;
          (3) by inserting after paragraph (1) the following:
          ``(2) Lead agency.--The term `lead agency' has the meaning 
        given that term in section 139(a).''; and
          (4) by striking paragraph (3) (as redesignated by paragraph 
        (2) of this subsection) and inserting the following:
          ``(3) Planning product.--The term `planning product' means a 
        decision, analysis, study, or other documented information that 
        is the result of an evaluation or decisionmaking process 
        carried out by a metropolitan planning organization or a State, 
        as appropriate, during metropolitan or statewide transportation 
        planning under section 134 or section 135, respectively.''.
  (b) Adoption of Planning Products for Use in NEPA Proceedings.--
Section 168(b) of title 23, United States Code, is amended--
          (1) in the subsection heading by inserting ``or Incorporation 
        by Reference'' after ``Adoption'';
          (2) in paragraph (1) by striking ``the Federal lead agency 
        for a project may adopt'' and inserting ``and to the maximum 
        extent practicable and appropriate, the lead agency for a 
        project may adopt or incorporate by reference'';
          (3) by striking paragraph (2) and redesignating paragraphs 
        (3) and (4) as paragraphs (2) and (3), respectively;
          (4) by striking paragraph (2) (as so redesignated) and 
        inserting the following:
          ``(2) Partial adoption or incorporation by reference of 
        planning products.--The lead agency may adopt or incorporate by 
        reference a planning product under paragraph (1) in its 
        entirety or may select portions for adoption or incorporation 
        by reference.''; and
          (5) in paragraph (3) (as so redesignated) by inserting ``or 
        incorporation by reference'' after ``adoption''.
  (c) Applicability.--
          (1) Planning decisions.--Section 168(c)(1) of title 23, 
        United States Code, is amended--
                  (A) in the matter preceding subparagraph (A) by 
                striking ``adopted'' and inserting ``adopted or 
                incorporated by reference by the lead agency'';
                  (B) by redesignating subparagraphs (A) through (E) as 
                subparagraphs (B) through (F), respectively;
                  (C) by inserting before subparagraph (B) (as so 
                redesignated) the following:
                  ``(A) the project purpose and need;'';
                  (D) by striking subparagraph (B) (as so redesignated) 
                and inserting the following:
                  ``(B) the preliminary screening of alternatives and 
                elimination of unreasonable alternatives;'';
                  (E) in subparagraph (C) (as so redesignated) by 
                inserting ``and general travel corridor'' after ``modal 
                choice'';
                  (F) in subparagraph (E) (as so redesignated) by 
                striking ``and'' at the end;
                  (G) in subparagraph (F) (as so redesignated)--
                          (i) in the matter preceding clause (i) by 
                        striking ``potential impacts'' and all that 
                        follows through ``resource agencies,'' and 
                        inserting ``potential impacts of a project, 
                        including a programmatic mitigation plan 
                        developed in accordance with section 169, that 
                        the lead agency''; and
                          (ii) in clause (ii) by striking the period at 
                        the end and inserting ``; and''; and
                  (H) by adding at the end the following:
                  ``(G) whether tolling, private financial assistance, 
                or other special financial measures are necessary to 
                implement the project.''.
          (2) Planning analyses.--Section 168(c)(2) of title 23, United 
        States Code, is amended--
                  (A) in the matter preceding subparagraph (A) by 
                striking ``adopted'' and inserting ``adopted or 
                incorporated by reference by the lead agency'';
                  (B) in subparagraph (G)--
                          (i) by inserting ``direct, indirect, and'' 
                        before ``cumulative effects''; and
                          (ii) by striking ``, identified as a result 
                        of a statewide or regional cumulative effects 
                        assessment''; and
                  (C) in subparagraph (H)--
                          (i) by striking ``proposed action'' and 
                        inserting ``proposed project''; and
                          (ii) by striking ``Federal lead agency'' and 
                        inserting ``lead agency''.
  (d) Conditions.--Section 168(d) of title 23, United States Code, is 
amended--
          (1) in the matter preceding paragraph (1) by striking 
        ``Adoption and use'' and all that follows through ``Federal 
        lead agency, that'' and inserting ``The lead agency in the 
        environmental review process may adopt or incorporate by 
        reference and use a planning product under this section if the 
        lead agency determines that'';
          (2) in paragraph (2) by striking ``by engaging in active 
        consultation'' and inserting ``in consultation'';
          (3) by striking paragraphs (4) and (5) and inserting the 
        following:
          ``(4) The planning process included public notice that the 
        planning products may be adopted or incorporated by reference 
        during a subsequent environmental review process in accordance 
        with this section.
          ``(5) During the environmental review process, but prior to 
        determining whether to rely on and use the planning product, 
        the lead agency has--
                  ``(A) made the planning documents available for 
                review and comment by members of the general public and 
                Federal, State, local, and tribal governments that may 
                have an interest in the proposed action;
                  ``(B) provided notice of the lead agency's intent to 
                adopt the planning product or incorporate the planning 
                product by reference; and
                  ``(C) considered any resulting comments.'';
          (4) in paragraph (9)--
                  (A) by inserting ``or incorporation by reference'' 
                after ``adoption''; and
                  (B) by inserting ``and is sufficient to meet the 
                requirements of the National Environmental Policy Act 
                of 1969 (42 U.S.C. 4321 et seq.)'' after ``for the 
                project''; and
          (5) in paragraph (10) by striking ``not later than 5 years 
        prior to date on which the information is adopted'' and 
        inserting ``within the 5-year period ending on the date on 
        which the information is adopted or incorporated by 
        reference''.
  (e) Effect of Adoption or Incorporation by Reference.--Section 168(e) 
of title 23, United States Code, is amended--
          (1) in the subsection heading by inserting ``or Incorporation 
        by Reference'' after ``Adoption''; and
          (2) by striking ``adopted by the Federal lead agency'' and 
        inserting ``adopted or incorporated by reference by the lead 
        agency''.

SEC. 1308. DEVELOPMENT OF PROGRAMMATIC MITIGATION PLANS.

  Section 169(f) of title 23, United States Code, is amended by 
striking ``may use'' and inserting ``shall give substantial weight 
to''.

SEC. 1309. DELEGATION OF AUTHORITIES.

  (a) In General.--The Secretary shall use the authority under section 
106(c) of title 23, United States Code, to the maximum extent 
practicable, to delegate responsibility to the States for project 
design, plans, specifications, estimates, contract awards, and 
inspection of projects, on both a project-specific and programmatic 
basis.
  (b) Submission of Recommendations.--Not later than 18 months after 
the date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary, in cooperation with 
the States, shall submit to the Committee on Transportation and 
Infrastructure of the House of Representatives and the Committee on 
Environment and Public Works of the Senate recommendations for 
legislation to permit the delegation of additional authorities to the 
States, including with respect to real estate acquisition and project 
design.

SEC. 1310. CATEGORICAL EXCLUSION FOR PROJECTS OF LIMITED FEDERAL 
                    ASSISTANCE.

  (a) Adjustment for Inflation.--Section 1317 of MAP-21 (23 U.S.C. 109 
note) is amended--
          (1) in paragraph (1)(A) by inserting ``(as adjusted annually 
        by the Secretary to reflect any increases in the Consumer Price 
        Index prepared by the Department of Labor)'' after 
        ``$5,000,000''; and
          (2) in paragraph (1)(B) by inserting ``(as adjusted annually 
        by the Secretary to reflect any increases in the Consumer Price 
        Index prepared by the Department of Labor)'' after 
        ``$30,000,000''.
  (b) Retroactive Application.--The first adjustment made pursuant to 
the amendments made by subsection (a) shall--
          (1) be carried out not later than 60 days after the date of 
        enactment of this Act; and
          (2) reflect the increase in the Consumer Price Index since 
        July 1, 2012.

SEC. 1311. APPLICATION OF CATEGORICAL EXCLUSIONS FOR MULTIMODAL 
                    PROJECTS.

  Section 304 of title 49, United States Code, is amended--
          (1) in subsection (a)--
                  (A) in paragraph (1)--
                          (i) by striking ``operating authority that'' 
                        and inserting ``operating administration or 
                        secretarial office that has expertise but''; 
                        and
                          (ii) by inserting ``proposed multimodal'' 
                        after ``with respect to a''; and
                  (B) by striking paragraph (2) and inserting the 
                following:
          ``(2) Lead authority.--The term `lead authority' means a 
        Department of Transportation operating administration or 
        secretarial office that has the lead responsibility for 
        compliance with the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 
        (42 U.S.C. 4321 et seq.) with respect to a proposed multimodal 
        project.'';
          (2) in subsection (b) by inserting ``or title 23'' after 
        ``under this title'';
          (3) by striking subsection (c) and inserting the following:
  ``(c) Application of Categorical Exclusions for Multimodal 
Projects.--In considering the environmental impacts of a proposed 
multimodal project, a lead authority may apply categorical exclusions 
designated under the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (42 
U.S.C. 4321 et seq.) in implementing regulations or procedures of a 
cooperating authority for a proposed multimodal project, subject to the 
conditions that--
          ``(1) the lead authority makes a determination, with the 
        concurrence of the cooperating authority--
                  ``(A) on the applicability of a categorical exclusion 
                to a proposed multimodal project; and
                  ``(B) that the project satisfies the conditions for a 
                categorical exclusion under the National Environmental 
                Policy Act of 1969 (42 U.S.C. 4321 et seq.) and this 
                section;
          ``(2) the lead authority follows the cooperating authority's 
        implementing regulations or procedures under such Act; and
          ``(3) the lead authority determines that--
                  ``(A) the proposed multimodal project does not 
                individually or cumulatively have a significant impact 
                on the environment; and
                  ``(B) extraordinary circumstances do not exist that 
                merit additional analysis and documentation in an 
                environmental impact statement or environmental 
                assessment required under such Act.''; and
          (4) by striking subsection (d) and inserting the following:
  ``(d) Cooperating Authority Expertise.--A cooperating authority shall 
provide expertise to the lead authority on aspects of the multimodal 
project in which the cooperating authority has expertise.''.

SEC. 1312. SURFACE TRANSPORTATION PROJECT DELIVERY PROGRAM.

  Section 327 of title 23, United States Code, is amended--
          (1) in subsection (a)(2)(B)(iii) by striking ``(42 U.S.C. 13 
        4321 et seq.)'' and inserting ``(42 U.S.C. 4321 et seq.)'';
          (2) in subsection (c)(4) by inserting ``reasonably'' before 
        ``considers necessary'';
          (3) in subsection (e) by inserting ``and without further 
        approval of'' after ``in lieu of'';
          (4) in subsection (g)--
                  (A) by striking paragraph (1) and inserting the 
                following:
          ``(1) In general.--To ensure compliance by a State with any 
        agreement of the State under subsection (c) (including 
        compliance by the State with all Federal laws for which 
        responsibility is assumed under subsection (a)(2)), for each 
        State participating in the program under this section, the 
        Secretary shall--
                  ``(A) not later than 6 months after execution of the 
                agreement, meet with the State to review implementation 
                of the agreement and discuss plans for the first annual 
                audit;
                  ``(B) conduct annual audits during each of the first 
                4 years of State participation; and
                  ``(C) ensure that the time period for completing an 
                annual audit, from initiation to completion (including 
                public comment and responses to those comments), does 
                not exceed 180 days.''; and
                  (B) by adding at the end the following:
          ``(3) Audit team.--An audit conducted under paragraph (1) 
        shall be carried out by an audit team determined by the 
        Secretary, in consultation with the State. Such consultation 
        shall include a reasonable opportunity for the State to review 
        and provide comments on the proposed members of the audit 
        team.''; and
          (5) by adding at the end the following:
  ``(k) Capacity Building.--The Secretary, in cooperation with 
representatives of State officials, may carry out education, training, 
peer-exchange, and other initiatives as appropriate--
          ``(1) to assist States in developing the capacity to 
        participate in the assignment program under this section; and
          ``(2) to promote information sharing and collaboration among 
        States that are participating in the assignment program under 
        this section.
  ``(l) Relationship to Locally Administered Projects.--A State granted 
authority under this section may, as appropriate and at the request of 
a local government--
          ``(1) exercise such authority on behalf of the local 
        government for a locally administered project; or
          ``(2) provide guidance and training on consolidating and 
        minimizing the documentation and environmental analyses 
        necessary for sponsors of a locally administered project to 
        comply with the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (42 
        U.S.C. 4321 et seq.) and any comparable requirements under 
        State law.''.

SEC. 1313. PROGRAM FOR ELIMINATING DUPLICATION OF ENVIRONMENTAL 
                    REVIEWS.

  (a) Purpose.--The purpose of this section is to eliminate duplication 
of environmental reviews and approvals under State and Federal laws.
  (b) In General.--Chapter 3 of title 23, United States Code, is 
amended by adding at the end the following:

``Sec. 330. Program for eliminating duplication of environmental 
                    reviews

  ``(a) Establishment.--
          ``(1) In general.--The Secretary shall establish a pilot 
        program to authorize States that are approved to participate in 
        the program to conduct environmental reviews and make approvals 
        for projects under State environmental laws and regulations 
        instead of Federal environmental laws and regulations, 
        consistent with the requirements of this section.
          ``(2) Participating states.--The Secretary may select not 
        more than 5 States to participate in the program.
          ``(3) Alternative review and approval procedures.--In this 
        section, the term `alternative environmental review and 
        approval procedures' means--
                  ``(A) substitution of 1 or more State environmental 
                laws for--
                          ``(i) the National Environmental Policy Act 
                        of 1969 (42 U.S.C. 4321 et seq.);
                          ``(ii) such provisions of sections 109(h), 
                        128, and 139 related to the application of that 
                        Act that are under the authority of the 
                        Secretary, as the Secretary, in consultation 
                        with the State, considers appropriate; and
                          ``(iii) related regulations and Executive 
                        orders; and
                  ``(B) substitution of 1 or more State environmental 
                regulations for--
                          ``(i) the National Environmental Policy Act 
                        of 1969;
                          ``(ii) such provisions of sections 109(h), 
                        128, and 139 related to the application of that 
                        Act that are under the authority of the 
                        Secretary, as the Secretary, in consultation 
                        with the State, considers appropriate; and
                          ``(iii) related regulations and Executive 
                        orders.
  ``(b) Application.--To be eligible to participate in the program, a 
State shall submit to the Secretary an application containing such 
information as the Secretary may require, including--
          ``(1) a full and complete description of the proposed 
        alternative environmental review and approval procedures of the 
        State;
          ``(2) each Federal law described in subsection (a)(3) that 
        the State is seeking to substitute;
          ``(3) each State law and regulation that the State intends to 
        substitute for such Federal law, Federal regulation, or 
        Executive order;
          ``(4) an explanation of the basis for concluding that the 
        State law or regulation is substantially equivalent to the 
        Federal law described in subsection (a)(3);
          ``(5) a description of the projects or classes of projects 
        for which the State anticipates exercising the authority that 
        may be granted under the program;
          ``(6) verification that the State has the financial resources 
        necessary to carry out the authority that may be granted under 
        the program;
          ``(7) evidence of having sought, received, and addressed 
        comments on the proposed application from the public; and
          ``(8) any such additional information as the Secretary, or, 
        with respect to section (d)(1)(A), the Secretary in 
        consultation with the Chair, may require.
  ``(c) Review of Application.--In accordance with subsection (d), the 
Secretary shall--
          ``(1) review an application submitted under subsection (b);
          ``(2) approve or disapprove the application not later than 90 
        days after the date of receipt of the application; and
          ``(3) transmit to the State notice of the approval or 
        disapproval, together with a statement of the reasons for the 
        approval or disapproval.
  ``(d) Approval of Application.--
          ``(1) In general.--The Secretary shall approve an application 
        submitted under subsection (b) only if--
                  ``(A) the Secretary, with the concurrence of the 
                Chair, determines that the laws and regulations of the 
                State described in the application are substantially 
                equivalent to the Federal laws that the State is 
                seeking to substitute;
                  ``(B) the Secretary determines that the State has the 
                capacity, including financial and personnel, to assume 
                the responsibility; and
                  ``(C) the State has executed an agreement with the 
                Secretary, in accordance with section 327, providing 
                for environmental review, consultation, or other action 
                under Federal environmental laws pertaining to the 
                review or approval of a specific project.
          ``(2) Exclusion.--The National Environmental Policy Act of 
        1969 shall not apply to a decision by the Secretary to approve 
        or disapprove an application submitted under this section.
  ``(e) Judicial Review.--
          ``(1) In general.--The United States district courts shall 
        have exclusive jurisdiction over any civil action against a 
        State--
                  ``(A) for failure of the State to meet the 
                requirements of this section; or
                  ``(B) if the action involves the exercise of 
                authority by the State under this section and section 
                327.
          ``(2) State jurisdiction.--A State court shall have exclusive 
        jurisdiction over any civil action against a State if the 
        action involves the exercise of authority by the State under 
        this section not covered by paragraph (1).
  ``(f) Election.--At its discretion, a State participating in the 
programs under this section and section 327 may elect to apply the 
National Environmental Protection Act of 1969 instead of the State's 
alternative environmental review and approval procedures.
  ``(g) Treatment of State Laws and Regulations.--To the maximum extent 
practicable and consistent with Federal law, other Federal agencies 
with authority over a project subject to this section shall use 
documents produced by a participating State under this section to 
satisfy the requirements of the National Environmental Policy Act of 
1969.
  ``(h) Relationship to Locally Administered Projects.--
          ``(1) In general.--A State with an approved program under 
        this section, at the request of a local government, may 
        exercise authority under that program on behalf of up to 10 
        local governments for locally administered projects.
          ``(2) Scope.--For up to 10 local governments selected by a 
        State with an approved program under this section, the State 
        shall be responsible for ensuring that any environmental 
        review, consultation, or other action required under the 
        National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 or the State program, 
        or both, meets the requirements of such Act or program.
  ``(i) Review and Termination.--
          ``(1) In general.--A State program approved under this 
        section shall at all times be in accordance with the 
        requirements of this section.
          ``(2) Review.--The Secretary shall review each State program 
        approved under this section not less than once every 5 years.
          ``(3) Public notice and comment.--In conducting the review 
        process under paragraph (2), the Secretary shall provide notice 
        and an opportunity for public comment.
          ``(4) Withdrawal of approval.--If the Secretary, in 
        consultation with the Chair, determines at any time that a 
        State is not administering a State program approved under this 
        section in accordance with the requirements of this section, 
        the Secretary shall so notify the State, and if appropriate 
        corrective action is not taken within a reasonable time, not to 
        exceed 90 days, the Secretary shall withdraw approval of the 
        State program.
          ``(5) Extensions and terminations.--At the conclusion of the 
        review process under paragraph (2), the Secretary may extend 
        for an additional 5-year period or terminate the authority of a 
        State under this section to substitute that State's laws and 
        regulations for Federal laws.
  ``(j) Report to Congress.--Not later than 2 years after the date of 
enactment of this section, and annually thereafter, the Secretary shall 
submit to the Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure of the 
House of Representatives and the Committee on Environment and Public 
Works of the Senate a report that describes the administration of the 
program, including--
          ``(1) the number of States participating in the program;
          ``(2) the number and types of projects for which each State 
        participating in the program has used alternative environmental 
        review and approval procedures; and
          ``(3) any recommendations for modifications to the program.
  ``(k) Definitions.--In this section, the following definitions apply:
          ``(1) Chair.--The term `Chair' means the Chair of the Council 
        on Environmental Quality.
          ``(2) Multimodal project.--The term `multimodal project' has 
        the meaning given that term in section 139(a).
          ``(3) Program.--The term `program' means the pilot program 
        established under this section.
          ``(4) Project.--The term `project' means--
                  ``(A) a project requiring approval under this title, 
                chapter 53 of subtitle III of title 49, or subtitle V 
                of title 49; and
                  ``(B) a multimodal project.''.
  (c) Rulemaking.--
          (1) In general.--Not later than 270 days after the date of 
        enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Transportation, in 
        consultation with the Chair of the Council on Environmental 
        Quality, shall promulgate regulations to implement the 
        requirements of section 330 of title 23, United States Code, as 
        added by this section.
          (2) Determination of substantially equivalent.--As part of 
        the rulemaking required under this subsection, the Chair 
        shall--
                  (A) establish the criteria necessary to determine 
                that a State law or regulation is substantially 
                equivalent to a Federal law described in section 
                330(a)(3) of title 23, United States Code;
                  (B) ensure that such criteria, at a minimum--
                          (i) provide for protection of the 
                        environment;
                          (ii) provide opportunity for public 
                        participation and comment, including access to 
                        the documentation necessary to review the 
                        potential impact of a project; and
                          (iii) ensure a consistent review of projects 
                        that would otherwise have been covered under 
                        Federal law.
  (d) Clerical Amendment.--The analysis for chapter 3 of title 23, 
United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following:

``330. Program for eliminating duplication of environmental reviews.''.

SEC. 1314. ASSESSMENT OF PROGRESS ON ACCELERATING PROJECT DELIVERY.

  (a) In General.--Not later than 2 years after the date of enactment 
of this Act, the Comptroller General of the United States shall assess 
the progress made under this Act, MAP-21 (Public Law 112-141), and 
SAFETEA-LU (Public Law 109-59), including the amendments made by those 
Acts, to accelerate the delivery of Federal-aid highway and highway 
safety construction projects and public transportation capital projects 
by streamlining the environmental review and permitting process.
  (b) Contents.--The assessment required under subsection (a) shall 
evaluate--
          (1) how often the various streamlining provisions have been 
        used;
          (2) which of the streamlining provisions have had the 
        greatest impact on streamlining the environmental review and 
        permitting process;
          (3) what, if any, impact streamlining of the process has had 
        on environmental protection;
          (4) how, and the extent to which, streamlining provisions 
        have improved and accelerated the process for permitting under 
        the Federal Water Pollution Control Act (33 U.S.C. 1251 et 
        seq.), the Endangered Species Act of 1973 (16 U.S.C. 1531 et 
        seq.), and other applicable Federal laws;
          (5) what impact actions by the Council on Environmental 
        Quality have had on accelerating Federal-aid highway and 
        highway safety construction projects and public transportation 
        capital projects;
          (6) the number and percentage of projects that proceed under 
        a traditional environmental assessment or environmental impact 
        statement, and the number and percentage of projects that 
        proceed under categorical exclusions;
          (7) the extent to which the environmental review and 
        permitting process remains a significant source of project 
        delay and the sources of delays; and
          (8) the costs of conducting environmental reviews and issuing 
        permits or licenses for a project, including the cost of 
        contractors and dedicated agency staff.
  (c) Recommendations.--The assessment required under subsection (a) 
shall include recommendations with respect to--
          (1) additional opportunities for streamlining the 
        environmental review process, including regulatory or statutory 
        changes to accelerate the processes of Federal agencies (other 
        than the Department) with responsibility for reviewing Federal-
        aid highway and highway safety construction projects and public 
        transportation capital projects without negatively impacting 
        the environment; and
          (2) best practices of other Federal agencies that should be 
        considered for adoption by the Department.
  (d) Report to Congress.--The Comptroller General of the United States 
shall submit to the Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure of 
the House of Representatives and the Committee on Environment and 
Public Works of the Senate a report containing the assessment and 
recommendations required under this section.

SEC. 1315. IMPROVING STATE AND FEDERAL AGENCY ENGAGEMENT IN 
                    ENVIRONMENTAL REVIEWS.

  (a) In General.--Title 49, United States Code, is amended by 
inserting after section 306 the following:

``Sec. 307. Improving State and Federal agency engagement in 
                    environmental reviews

  ``(a) In General.--
          ``(1) Requests to provide funds.--A public entity receiving 
        financial assistance from the Department of Transportation for 
        1 or more projects, or for a program of projects, for a public 
        purpose may request that the Secretary allow the public entity 
        to provide funds to Federal agencies, including the Department, 
        State agencies, and Indian tribes participating in the 
        environmental planning and review process for the project, 
        projects, or program.
          ``(2) Use of funds.--The funds may be provided only to 
        support activities that directly and meaningfully contribute to 
        expediting and improving permitting and review processes, 
        including planning, approval, and consultation processes for 
        the project, projects, or program.
  ``(b) Activities Eligible for Funding.--Activities for which funds 
may be provided under subsection (a) include transportation planning 
activities that precede the initiation of the environmental review 
process, activities directly related to the environmental review 
process, dedicated staffing, training of agency personnel, information 
gathering and mapping, and development of programmatic agreements.
  ``(c) Amounts.--Requests under subsection (a) may be approved only 
for the additional amounts that the Secretary determines are necessary 
for the Federal agencies, State agencies, or Indian tribes 
participating in the environmental review process to timely conduct 
their review.
  ``(d) Agreements.--Prior to providing funds approved by the Secretary 
for dedicated staffing at an affected Federal agency under subsection 
(a), the affected Federal agency and the requesting public entity shall 
enter into an agreement that establishes a process to identify projects 
or priorities to be addressed by the use of the funds.
  ``(e) Rulemaking.--
          ``(1) In general.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
        enactment of this section, the Secretary shall initiate a 
        rulemaking to implement this section.
          ``(2) Factors.--As part of the rulemaking carried out under 
        paragraph (1), the Secretary shall ensure--
                  ``(A) to the maximum extent practicable, that 
                expediting and improving the process of environmental 
                review and permitting through the use of funds accepted 
                and expended under this section does not adversely 
                affect the timeline for review and permitting by 
                Federal agencies, State agencies, or Indian tribes of 
                other entities that have not contributed funds under 
                this section;
                  ``(B) that the use of funds accepted under this 
                section will not impact impartial decisionmaking with 
                respect to environmental reviews or permits, either 
                substantively or procedurally; and
                  ``(C) that the Secretary maintains, and makes 
                publicly available, including on the Internet, a list 
                of projects or programs for which such review or 
                permits have been carried out using funds authorized 
                under this section.
  ``(f) Existing Authority.--Nothing in this section may be construed 
to conflict with section 139(j) of title 23.''.
  (b) Conforming Amendment.--The analysis for chapter 3 of title 49, 
United States Code, is amended by inserting after the item relating to 
section 306 the following:

``307. Improving State and Federal agency engagement in environmental 
reviews.''.

SEC. 1316. ACCELERATED DECISIONMAKING IN ENVIRONMENTAL REVIEWS.

  (a) In General.--Title 49, United States Code, is amended by 
inserting after section 304 the following:

``Sec. 304a. Accelerated decisionmaking in environmental reviews

  ``(a) In General.--In preparing a final environmental impact 
statement under the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (42 
U.S.C. 4321 et seq.), if the lead agency modifies the statement in 
response to comments that are minor and are confined to factual 
corrections or explanations of why the comments do not warrant 
additional agency response, the lead agency may write on errata sheets 
attached to the statement, instead of rewriting the draft statement, 
subject to the condition that the errata sheets--
          ``(1) cite the sources, authorities, and reasons that support 
        the position of the agency; and
          ``(2) if appropriate, indicate the circumstances that would 
        trigger agency reappraisal or further response.
  ``(b) Single Document.--To the maximum extent practicable, the lead 
agency shall expeditiously develop a single document that consists of a 
final environmental impact statement and a record of decision, unless--
          ``(1) the final environmental impact statement makes 
        substantial changes to the proposed action that are relevant to 
        environmental or safety concerns; or
          ``(2) there is a significant new circumstance or information 
        relevant to environmental concerns that bears on the proposed 
        action or the impacts of the proposed action.
  ``(c) Adoption of Documents.--
          ``(1) Avoiding duplication.--To prevent duplication of 
        analyses and support expeditious and efficient decisions, the 
        operating administrations of the Department of Transportation 
        shall use adoption and incorporation by reference in accordance 
        with this paragraph.
          ``(2) Adoption of documents of other operating 
        administrations.--An operating administration or a secretarial 
        office within the Department of Transportation may adopt a 
        draft environmental impact statement, an environmental 
        assessment, or a final environmental impact statement of 
        another operating administration for the adopting operating 
        administration's use when preparing an environmental assessment 
        or final environmental impact statement for a project without 
        recirculating the document for public review, if--
                  ``(A) the adopting operating administration certifies 
                that its proposed action is substantially the same as 
                the project considered in the document to be adopted;
                  ``(B) the other operating administration concurs with 
                such decision; and
                  ``(C) such actions are consistent with the 
                requirements of the National Environmental Policy Act 
                of 1969 (42 U.S.C. 4321 et seq.).
          ``(3) Incorporation by reference.--An operating 
        administration or secretarial office within the Department of 
        Transportation may incorporate by reference all or portions of 
        a draft environmental impact statement, an environmental 
        assessment, or a final environmental impact statement for the 
        adopting operating administration's use when preparing an 
        environmental assessment or final environmental impact 
        statement for a project if--
                  ``(A) the incorporated material is cited in the 
                environmental assessment or final environmental impact 
                statement and the contents of the incorporated material 
                is briefly described;
                  ``(B) the incorporated material is reasonably 
                available for inspection by potentially interested 
                persons within the time allowed for review and comment; 
                and
                  ``(C) the incorporated material does not include 
                proprietary data that is not available for review and 
                comment.''.
  (b) Conforming Amendment.--The analysis for chapter 3 of title 49, 
United States Code, is amended by inserting after the item relating to 
section 304 the following:

``304a. Accelerated decisionmaking in environmental reviews.''.

SEC. 1317. ALIGNING FEDERAL ENVIRONMENTAL REVIEWS.

  (a) In General.--Title 49, United States Code, is amended by 
inserting after section 309 the following:

``Sec. 310. Aligning Federal environmental reviews

  ``(a) Coordinated and Concurrent Environmental Reviews.--Not later 
than 1 year after the date of enactment of this section, the Department 
of Transportation, in coordination with the heads of Federal agencies 
likely to have substantive review or approval responsibilities under 
Federal law, shall develop a coordinated and concurrent environmental 
review and permitting process for transportation projects when 
initiating an environmental impact statement under the National 
Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (42 U.S.C. 4321 et seq.; in this 
section referred to as `NEPA').
  ``(b) Contents.--The coordinated and concurrent environmental review 
and permitting process shall--
          ``(1) ensure that the Department and agencies of jurisdiction 
        possess sufficient information early in the review process to 
        determine a statement of a transportation project's purpose and 
        need and range of alternatives for analysis that the lead 
        agency and agencies of jurisdiction will rely on for concurrent 
        environmental reviews and permitting decisions required for the 
        proposed project;
          ``(2) achieve early concurrence or issue resolution during 
        the NEPA scoping process on the Department of Transportation's 
        statement of a project's purpose and need, and during 
        development of the environmental impact statement on the range 
        of alternatives for analysis, that the lead agency and agencies 
        of jurisdiction will rely on for concurrent environmental 
        reviews and permitting decisions required for the proposed 
        project absent circumstances that require reconsideration in 
        order to meet an agency of jurisdiction's obligations under a 
        statute or Executive order; and
          ``(3) achieve concurrence or issue resolution in an expedited 
        manner if circumstances arise that require a reconsideration of 
        the purpose and need or range of alternatives considered during 
        any Federal agency's environmental or permitting review in 
        order to meet an agency of jurisdiction's obligations under a 
        statute or Executive order.
  ``(c) Environmental Checklist.--
          ``(1) In general.--Not later than 90 days after the date of 
        enactment of this section, the Secretary of Transportation and 
        Federal agencies of jurisdiction likely to have substantive 
        review or approval responsibilities on transportation projects 
        shall jointly develop a checklist to help project sponsors 
        identify potential natural, cultural, and historic resources in 
        the area of a proposed project.
          ``(2) Purpose.--The purpose of the checklist shall be to--
                  ``(A) identify agencies of jurisdiction and 
                cooperating agencies;
                  ``(B) develop the information needed for the purpose 
                and need and alternatives for analysis; and
                  ``(C) improve interagency collaboration to help 
                expedite the permitting process for the lead agency and 
                agencies of jurisdiction.
  ``(d) Interagency Collaboration.--
          ``(1) In general.--Consistent with Federal environmental 
        statutes, the Secretary shall facilitate annual interagency 
        collaboration sessions at the appropriate jurisdictional level 
        to coordinate business plans and facilitate coordination of 
        workload planning and workforce management.
          ``(2) Purpose of collaboration sessions.--The interagency 
        collaboration sessions shall ensure that agency staff is--
                  ``(A) fully engaged;
                  ``(B) utilizing the flexibility of existing 
                regulations, policies, and guidance; and
                  ``(C) identifying additional actions to facilitate 
                high quality, efficient, and targeted environmental 
                reviews and permitting decisions.
          ``(3) Focus of collaboration sessions.--The interagency 
        collaboration sessions, and the interagency collaborations 
        generated by the sessions, shall focus on methods to--
                  ``(A) work with State and local transportation 
                entities to improve project planning, siting, and 
                application quality; and
                  ``(B) consult and coordinate with relevant 
                stakeholders and Federal, tribal, State, and local 
                representatives early in permitting processes.
  ``(e) Performance Measurement.--Not later than 1 year after the date 
of enactment of this section, the Secretary, in coordination with 
relevant Federal agencies, shall establish a program to measure and 
report on progress towards aligning Federal reviews as outlined in this 
section.''.
  (b) Conforming Amendment.--The analysis for chapter 3 of title 49, 
United States Code, is amended by inserting after the item relating to 
section 309 the following:

``310. Aligning Federal environmental reviews.''.

                       Subtitle D--Miscellaneous

SEC. 1401. TOLLING; HOV FACILITIES; INTERSTATE RECONSTRUCTION AND 
                    REHABILITATION.

  (a) Tolling.--Section 129(a) of title 23, United States Code, is 
amended--
          (1) in paragraph (1)--
                  (A) in subparagraph (B) by striking ``, bridge, or 
                tunnel'' each place it appears;
                  (B) in subparagraph (C) by striking ``, bridge, or 
                tunnel'' each place it appears;
                  (C) by striking subparagraph (G);
                  (D) by redesignating subparagraphs (H) and (I) as 
                subparagraphs (G) and (H); and
                  (E) in subparagraph (G) as redesignated--
                          (i) by inserting ``(HOV)'' after ``high 
                        occupancy vehicle''; and
                          (ii) by inserting ``under section 166 of this 
                        title'' after ``facility'';
          (2) in paragraph (3)(A)--
                  (A) by striking ``shall use'' and inserting ``shall 
                ensure that''; and
                  (B) by inserting ``are used'' after ``toll facility'' 
                the second place it appears; and
          (3) by striking paragraph (4) and redesignating paragraphs 
        (5) through (10) as paragraphs (4) through (9), respectively.
  (b) HOV Facilities.--Section 166 of title 23, United States Code, is 
amended--
          (1) in subsection (a)(1)--
                  (A) by striking the paragraph heading and inserting 
                ``authority of public authorities''; and
                  (B) by striking ``State agency'' and inserting 
                ``public authority'';
          (2) in subsection (b)--
                  (A) by striking ``State agency'' each place it 
                appears and inserting ``public authority'';
                  (B) in paragraph (3)--
                          (i) by striking ``and'' at the end of 
                        subparagraph (A);
                          (ii) by striking the period at the end of 
                        subparagraph (B) and inserting ``; and''; and
                          (iii) by inserting at the end the following:
                  ``(C) provides equal access for all public 
                transportation vehicles and over-the-road buses.''; and
                  (C) in paragraph (5)--
                          (i) in subparagraph (A) by striking ``2017'' 
                        and inserting ``2021''; and
                          (ii) in subparagraph (B) by striking ``2017'' 
                        and inserting ``2021'';
          (3) in subsection (c)--
                  (A) by amending paragraph (1) to read as follows:
          ``(1) In general.--Notwithstanding section 301, tolls may be 
        charged under paragraphs (4) and (5) of subsection (b), subject 
        to the requirements of section 129.'';
                  (B) by striking paragraph (2) and redesignating 
                paragraph (3) as paragraph (2); and
                  (C) by inserting after paragraph (2), as 
                redesignated, the following:
          ``(3) Exemption from tolls.--In levying tolls on a facility 
        under this section, a public authority may designate classes of 
        vehicles that are exempt from the tolls or charge different 
        toll rates for different classes of vehicles, if equal rates 
        are charged for all public transportation vehicles and over-
        the-road buses, whether publicly or privately owned.'';
          (4) in subsection (d)--
                  (A) by striking ``State agency'' each place it 
                appears and inserting ``public authority'';
                  (B) in paragraph (1)--
                          (i) by redesignating subparagraphs (D) and 
                        (E) as subparagraphs (E) and (F), respectively; 
                        and
                          (ii) by inserting after subparagraph (C) the 
                        following:
                  ``(D) Consultation of mpo.--If the facility is on the 
                Interstate System and located in a metropolitan 
                planning area established in accordance with section 
                134, consulting with the metropolitan planning 
                organization for the area concerning the placement and 
                amount of tolls on the facility.''; and
                          (iii) in subparagraph (F), as redesignated--
                                  (I) by striking ``State'' the first 
                                place it appears and inserting ``public 
                                authority''; and
                                  (II) by striking ``subparagraph (D)'' 
                                and inserting ``subparagraph (E)''; and
          (5) in subsection (f)--
                  (A) in paragraph (4)(B)(iii) by striking ``State 
                agency'' and inserting ``public authority''; and
                  (B) by striking paragraph (5) and inserting after 
                paragraph (4) the following:
          ``(5) Over-the-road bus.--The term `over-the-road bus' means 
        a vehicle as defined in section 301(5) of the Americans with 
        Disabilities Act of 1990 (42 U.S.C. 12181(5)).
          ``(6) Public authority.--The term `public authority' as used 
        with respect to a HOV facility, means a State, interstate 
        compact of States, public entity designated by a State, or 
        local government having jurisdiction over the operation of the 
        facility.''.
  (c) Interstate System Reconstruction and Rehabilitation Pilot 
Program.--Section 1216(b) of the Transportation Equity Act for the 21st 
Century (Public Law 105-178) is amended--
          (1) in paragraph (4)--
                  (A) in subparagraph (D) by striking ``and'' at the 
                end;
                  (B) in subparagraph (E) by striking the period and 
                inserting ``; and''; and
                  (C) by adding at the end the following:
                  ``(F) the State has approved enabling legislation 
                required for the project to proceed.'';
          (2) by redesignating paragraphs (6) through (8) as paragraphs 
        (8) through (10), respectively; and
          (3) by inserting after paragraph (5) the following:
          ``(6) Requirements for project completion.--
                  ``(A) General term for expiration of provisional 
                application.--An application provisionally approved by 
                the Secretary under this subsection shall expire 3 
                years after the date on which the application was 
                provisionally approved if the State has not--
                          ``(i) submitted a complete application to the 
                        Secretary that fully satisfies the eligibility 
                        criteria under paragraph (3) and the selection 
                        criteria under paragraph (4);
                          ``(ii) completed the environmental review and 
                        permitting process under the National 
                        Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (42 U.S.C. 
                        4321 et seq.) for the pilot project; and
                          ``(iii) executed a toll agreement with the 
                        Secretary.
                  ``(B) Exceptions to expiration.--Notwithstanding 
                subparagraph (A), the Secretary may extend the 
                provisional approval for not more than 1 additional 
                year if the State demonstrates material progress toward 
                implementation of the project as evidenced by--
                          ``(i) substantial progress in completing the 
                        environmental review and permitting process for 
                        the pilot project under the National 
                        Environmental Policy Act of 1969;
                          ``(ii) funding and financing commitments for 
                        the pilot project;
                          ``(iii) expressions of support for the pilot 
                        project from State and local governments, 
                        community interests, and the public; and
                          ``(iv) submission of a facility management 
                        plan pursuant to paragraph (3)(D).
                  ``(C) Conditions for previously provisionally 
                approved applications.--A State with a provisionally 
                approved application for a pilot project as of the date 
                of enactment of the Surface Transportation 
                Reauthorization and Reform Act of 2015 shall have 1 
                year after such date of enactment to meet the 
                requirements of subparagraph (A) or receive an 
                extension from the Secretary under subparagraph (B), or 
                the application will expire.
          ``(7) Definition.--In this subsection, the term `provisional 
        approval' or `provisionally approved' means the approval by the 
        Secretary of a partial application under this subsection, 
        including the reservation of a slot in the pilot program.''.
  (d) Approval of Applications.--The Secretary may approve an 
application submitted under section 1604(c) of SAFETEA-LU (Public Law 
109-59; 119 Stat. 1253) if the application, or any part of the 
application, was submitted before the deadline specified in section 
1604(c)(8) of that Act.

SEC. 1402. PROHIBITION ON THE USE OF FUNDS FOR AUTOMATED TRAFFIC 
                    ENFORCEMENT.

  (a) Prohibition.--Except as provided in subsection (b), for fiscal 
years 2016 through 2021, funds apportioned to a State under section 
104(b)(3) of title 23, United States Code, may not be used to purchase, 
operate, or maintain an automated traffic enforcement system.
  (b) Exception.--Subsection (a) does not apply to an automated traffic 
enforcement system located in a school zone.
  (c) Automated Traffic Enforcement System Defined.--In this section, 
the term ``automated traffic enforcement system'' means any camera that 
captures an image of a vehicle for the purposes of traffic law 
enforcement.

SEC. 1403. MINIMUM PENALTIES FOR REPEAT OFFENDERS FOR DRIVING WHILE 
                    INTOXICATED OR DRIVING UNDER THE INFLUENCE.

  (a) In General.--Section 164(a)(4) of title 23, United States Code, 
is amended--
          (1) in the matter preceding subparagraph (A) by inserting ``, 
        or a combination of State laws,'' after ``a State law''; and
          (2) by striking subparagraph (A) and inserting the following:
                  ``(A) receive, for not less than 1 year--
                          ``(i) a suspension of all driving privileges;
                          ``(ii) a restriction on driving privileges 
                        that limits the individual to operating only 
                        motor vehicles with an ignition interlock 
                        system installed (allowing for limited 
                        exceptions for circumstances when the 
                        individual is required to operate an employer's 
                        motor vehicle in the course and scope of 
                        employment and the business entity that owns 
                        the vehicle is not owned or controlled by the 
                        individual); or
                          ``(iii) a combination of both clauses (i) and 
                        (ii);''.
  (b) Application.--The amendments made by this section shall apply 
with respect to fiscal years beginning after the date of enactment of 
this Act.

SEC. 1404. HIGHWAY TRUST FUND TRANSPARENCY AND ACCOUNTABILITY.

  (a) In General.--Section 104 of title 23, United States Code, is 
amended by striking subsection (g) and inserting the following:
  ``(g) Highway Trust Fund Transparency and Accountability Reports.--
          ``(1) Compilation of data.--The Secretary shall compile data 
        in accordance with this subsection on the use of Federal-aid 
        highway funds made available under this title.
          ``(2) Requirements.--The Secretary shall ensure that the 
        reports required under this subsection are made available in a 
        user-friendly manner on the public Internet Web site of the 
        Department and can be searched and downloaded by users of the 
        Web site.
          ``(3) Contents of reports.--
                  ``(A) Apportioned and allocated programs.--On a 
                semiannual basis, the Secretary shall make available a 
                report on funding apportioned and allocated to the 
                States under this title that describes--
                          ``(i) the amount of funding obligated by each 
                        State, year-to-date, for the current fiscal 
                        year;
                          ``(ii) the amount of funds remaining 
                        available for obligation by each State;
                          ``(iii) changes in the obligated, unexpended 
                        balance for each State, year-to-date, during 
                        the current fiscal year, including the 
                        obligated, unexpended balance at the end of the 
                        preceding fiscal year and current fiscal year 
                        expenditures;
                          ``(iv) the amount and program category of 
                        unobligated funding, year-to-date, available 
                        for expenditure at the discretion of the 
                        Secretary;
                          ``(v) the rates of obligation on and off the 
                        National Highway System, year-to-date, for the 
                        current fiscal year of funds apportioned, 
                        allocated, or set aside under this section, 
                        according to--
                                  ``(I) program;
                                  ``(II) funding category or 
                                subcategory;
                                  ``(III) type of improvement;
                                  ``(IV) State; and
                                  ``(V) sub-State geographical area, 
                                including urbanized and rural areas, on 
                                the basis of the population of each 
                                such area; and
                          ``(vi) the amount of funds transferred by 
                        each State, year-to-date, for the current 
                        fiscal year between programs under section 126.
                  ``(B) Project data.--On an annual basis, the 
                Secretary shall make available a report that, to the 
                maximum extent possible, provides project-specific data 
                describing--
                          ``(i) for all projects funded under this 
                        title (excluding projects for which funds are 
                        transferred to agencies other than the Federal 
                        Highway Administration)--
                                  ``(I) the specific location of the 
                                project;
                                  ``(II) the total cost of the project;
                                  ``(III) the amount of Federal funding 
                                obligated for the project;
                                  ``(IV) the program or programs from 
                                which Federal funds have been obligated 
                                for the project;
                                  ``(V) the type of improvement being 
                                made; and
                                  ``(VI) the ownership of the highway 
                                or bridge; and
                          ``(ii) for any project funded under this 
                        title (excluding projects for which funds are 
                        transferred to agencies other than the Federal 
                        Highway Administration) with an estimated total 
                        cost as of the start of construction in excess 
                        of $100,000,000, the data specified under 
                        clause (i) and additional data describing--
                                  ``(I) whether the project is located 
                                in an area of the State with a 
                                population of--
                                          ``(aa) less than 5,000 
                                        individuals;
                                          ``(bb) 5,000 or more 
                                        individuals but less than 
                                        50,000 individuals;
                                          ``(cc) 50,000 or more 
                                        individuals but less than 
                                        200,000 individuals; or
                                          ``(dd) 200,000 or more 
                                        individuals;
                                  ``(II) the estimated cost of the 
                                project as of the start of project 
                                construction, or the revised cost 
                                estimate based on a description of 
                                revisions to the scope of work or other 
                                factors affecting project cost other 
                                than cost overruns; and
                                  ``(III) the amount of non-Federal 
                                funds obligated for the project.''.
  (b) Conforming Amendment.--Section 1503 of MAP-21 (23 U.S.C. 104 
note; Public Law 112-141) is amended by striking subsection (c).

SEC. 1405. HIGH PRIORITY CORRIDORS ON NATIONAL HIGHWAY SYSTEM.

  (a) Identification of High Priority Corridors on National Highway 
System.--Section 1105(c) of the Intermodal Surface Transportation 
Efficiency Act of 1991 is amended--
          (1) by striking paragraph (13) and inserting the following:
          ``(13) Raleigh-Norfolk Corridor from Raleigh, North Carolina, 
        through Rocky Mount, Williamston, and Elizabeth City, North 
        Carolina, to Norfolk, Virginia.'';
          (2) in paragraph (18)(D)--
                  (A) in clause (ii) by striking ``and'' at the end;
                  (B) in clause (iii) by striking the period at the end 
                and inserting ``; and''; and
                  (C) by adding at the end the following:
                          ``(iv) include Texas State Highway 44 from 
                        United States Route 59 at Freer, Texas, to 
                        Texas State Highway 358.'';
          (3) by striking paragraph (68) and inserting the following:
          ``(68) The Washoe County Corridor and the Intermountain West 
        Corridor, which shall generally follow--
                  ``(A) for the Washoe County Corridor, along 
                Interstate Route 580/United States Route 95/United 
                States Route 95A from Reno, Nevada, to Las Vegas, 
                Nevada; and
                  ``(B) for the Intermountain West Corridor, from the 
                vicinity of Las Vegas, Nevada, north along United 
                States Route 95 terminating at Interstate Route 80.''; 
                and
          (4) by adding at the end the following:
          ``(81) United States Route 117/Interstate Route 795 from 
        United States Route 70 in Goldsboro, Wayne County, North 
        Carolina, to Interstate Route 40 west of Faison, Sampson 
        County, North Carolina.
          ``(82) United States Route 70 from its intersection with 
        Interstate Route 40 in Garner, Wake County, North Carolina, to 
        the Port at Morehead City, Carteret County, North Carolina.
          ``(83) The Sonoran Corridor along State Route 410 connecting 
        Interstate Route 19 and Interstate Route 10 south of the Tucson 
        International Airport.
          ``(84) The Central Texas Corridor commencing at the logical 
        terminus of Interstate Route 10, generally following portions 
        of United States Route 190 eastward, passing in the vicinity 
        Fort Hood, Killeen, Belton, Temple, Bryan, College Station, 
        Huntsville, Livingston, and Woodville, to the logical terminus 
        of Texas Highway 63 at the Sabine River Bridge at Burrs 
        Crossing.
          ``(85) Interstate Route 81 in New York from its intersection 
        with Interstate Route 86 to the United States-Canadian 
        border.''.
  (b) Inclusion of Certain Route Segments on Interstate System.--
Section 1105(e)(5)(A) of the Intermodal Surface Transportation 
Efficiency Act of 1991 is amended--
          (1) by inserting ``subsection (c)(13),'' after ``subsection 
        (c)(9),'';
          (2) by striking ``subsections (c)(18)'' and all that follows 
        through ``subsection (c)(36)'' and inserting ``subsection 
        (c)(18), subsection (c)(20), subparagraphs (A) and (B)(i) of 
        subsection (c)(26), subsection (c)(36)''; and
          (3) by striking ``and subsection (c)(57)'' and inserting 
        ``subsection (c)(57), subsection (c)(68)(B), subsection 
        (c)(81), subsection (c)(82), and subsection (c)(83)''.
  (c) Designation.--Section 1105(e)(5)(C)(i) of the Intermodal Surface 
Transportation Efficiency Act of 1991 is amended by striking the final 
sentence and inserting the following: ``The routes referred to in 
subparagraphs (A) and (B)(i) of subsection (c)(26) and in subsection 
(c)(68)(B) are designated as Interstate Route I-11.''.
  (d) Future Interstate Designation.--Section 119(a) of the SAFETEA-LU 
Technical Corrections Act of 2008 is amended by striking ``and, as a 
future Interstate Route 66 Spur, the Natcher Parkway in Owensboro, 
Kentucky'' and inserting ``between Henderson, Kentucky, and Owensboro, 
Kentucky, and, as a future Interstate Route 65 and 66 Spur, the William 
H. Natcher Parkway between Bowling Green, Kentucky, and Owensboro, 
Kentucky''.

SEC. 1406. FLEXIBILITY FOR PROJECTS.

  (a) Authority.--With respect to projects eligible for funding under 
title 23, United States Code, subject to subsection (b) and on request 
by a State, the Secretary may--
          (1) exercise all existing flexibilities under and exceptions 
        to--
                  (A) the requirements of title 23, United States Code; 
                and
                  (B) other requirements administered by the Secretary, 
                in whole or part; and
          (2) otherwise provide additional flexibility or expedited 
        processing with respect to the requirements described in 
        paragraph (1).
  (b) Maintaining Protections.--Nothing in this section--
          (1) waives the requirements of section 113 or 138 of title 
        23, United States Code;
          (2) supersedes, amends, or modifies--
                  (A) the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (42 
                U.S.C. 4321 et seq.) or any other Federal environmental 
                law; or
                  (B) any requirement of title 23 or title 49, United 
                States Code; or
          (3) affects the responsibility of any Federal officer to 
        comply with or enforce any law or requirement described in this 
        subsection.

SEC. 1407. PRODUCTIVE AND TIMELY EXPENDITURE OF FUNDS.

  (a) In General.--Not later than 1 year after the date of enactment of 
this Act, the Secretary shall develop guidance that encourages the use 
of programmatic approaches to project delivery, expedited and prudent 
procurement techniques, and other best practices to facilitate 
productive, effective, and timely expenditure of funds for projects 
eligible for funding under title 23, United States Code.
  (b) Implementation.--The Secretary shall work with States to ensure 
that any guidance developed under subsection (a) is consistently 
implemented by States and the Federal Highway Administration to--
          (1) avoid unnecessary delays in completing projects;
          (2) minimize cost overruns; and
          (3) ensure the effective use of Federal funding.

SEC. 1408. CONSOLIDATION OF PROGRAMS.

  Section 1519(a) of MAP-21 (126 Stat. 574) is amended by striking 
``From administrative funds'' and all that follows through ``shall be 
made available'' and inserting ``For each of fiscal years 2016 through 
2021, before making an apportionment under section 104(b)(3) of title 
23, United States Code, the Secretary shall set aside, from amounts 
made available to carry out the highway safety improvement program 
under section 148 of such title for the fiscal year, $3,500,000''.

SEC. 1409. FEDERAL SHARE PAYABLE.

  (a) Innovative Project Delivery Methods.--Section 120(c)(3)(A)(ii) of 
title 23, United States Code, is amended by inserting ``engineering or 
design approaches,'' after ``technologies,''.
  (b) Emergency Relief.--Section 120(e)(2) of title 23, United States 
Code, is amended by striking ``Federal land access transportation 
facilities,'' and inserting ``other federally owned roads that are open 
to public travel,''.

SEC. 1410. ELIMINATION OR MODIFICATION OF CERTAIN REPORTING 
                    REQUIREMENTS.

  (a) Fundamental Properties of Asphalts Report.--Section 6016(e) of 
the Intermodal Surface Transportation Efficiency Act of 1991 (105 Stat. 
2183) is repealed.
  (b) Express Lanes Demonstration Program Reports.--Section 
1604(b)(7)(B) of SAFETEA-LU (23 U.S.C. 129 note) is repealed.

SEC. 1411. TECHNICAL CORRECTIONS.

  (a) Title 23.--Title 23, United States Code, is amended as follows:
          (1) Section 150(c)(3)(B) is amended by striking the semicolon 
        at the end and inserting a period.
          (2) Section 154(c) is amended--
                  (A) in paragraph (3)(A) by striking ``transferred'' 
                and inserting ``reserved''; and
                  (B) in paragraph (5)--
                          (i) in the matter preceding subparagraph (A) 
                        by inserting ``or released'' after 
                        ``transferred''; and
                          (ii) in subparagraph (A) by striking ``under 
                        section 104(b)(l)'' and inserting ``under 
                        section 104(b)(1)''.
          (3) Section 164(b) is amended--
                  (A) in paragraph (3)(A) by striking ``transferred'' 
                and inserting ``reserved''; and
                  (B) in paragraph (5) by inserting ``or released'' 
                after ``transferred''.
  (b) MAP-21.--Effective as of July 6, 2012, and as if included therein 
as enacted, MAP-21 (Public Law 112-141) is amended as follows:
          (1) Section 1109(a)(2) (126 Stat. 444) is amended by striking 
        ``fourth'' and inserting ``fifth''.
          (2) Section 1203 (126 Stat. 524) is amended--
                  (A) in subsection (a) by striking ``Section 150 of 
                title 23, United States Code, is amended to read as 
                follows'' and inserting ``Title 23, United States Code, 
                is amended by inserting after section 149 the 
                following''; and
                  (B) in subsection (b) by striking ``by striking the 
                item relating to section 150 and inserting'' and 
                inserting ``by inserting after the item relating to 
                section 149''.
          (3) Section 1313(a)(1) (126 Stat. 545) is amended to read as 
        follows:
          ``(1) in the section heading by striking `pilot'; and''.
          (4) Section 1314(b) (126 Stat. 549) is amended--
                  (A) by inserting ``chapter 3 of'' after ``analysis 
                for''; and
                  (B) by inserting a period at the end of the matter 
                proposed to be inserted.
          (5) Section 1519(c) (126 Stat. 575) is amended--
                  (A) by striking paragraph (3);
                  (B) by redesignating paragraphs (4) through (12) as 
                paragraphs (3) through (11), respectively;
                  (C) in paragraph (7), as redesignated by subparagraph 
                (B) of this paragraph--
                          (i) by striking the period at the end of the 
                        matter proposed to be struck; and
                          (ii) by adding a period at the end; and
                  (D) in paragraph (8)(A)(i)(I), as redesignated by 
                subparagraph (B) of this paragraph, by striking ``than 
                rail'' in the matter proposed to be struck and 
                inserting ``than on rail''.
          (6) Section 1528 is amended--
                  (A) in subsection (b) by inserting ``(or a lower 
                percentage if so requested by a State with respect to a 
                project)'' after ``100 percent''; and
                  (B) in subsection (c) by inserting ``(or a lower 
                percentage if so requested by a State with respect to a 
                project)'' after ``100 percent''.

SEC. 1412. SAFETY FOR USERS.

  (a) In General.--The Secretary shall encourage each State and 
metropolitan planning organization to adopt standards for the design of 
Federal surface transportation projects that provide for the safe and 
adequate accommodation (as determined by the State) in all phases of 
project planning, development, and operation, of all users of the 
surface transportation network, including motorized and nonmotorized 
users.
  (b) Report.--Not later than 2 years after the date of enactment of 
this section, the Secretary shall make available to the public a report 
cataloging examples of State law or State transportation policy that 
provides for the safe and adequate accommodation, in all phases of 
project planning, development, and operation of all users of the 
surface transportation network.
  (c) Best Practices.--Based on the report required under subsection 
(b), the Secretary shall identify and disseminate examples of best 
practices where States have adopted measures that have successfully 
provided for the safe and adequate accommodation of all users of the 
transportation network in all phases of project development and 
operation.

SEC. 1413. DESIGN STANDARDS.

  (a) In General.--Section 109 of title 23, United States Code, is 
amended--
          (1) in subsection (c)--
                  (A) in paragraph (1)--
                          (i) by striking ``may take into account'' and 
                        inserting ``shall consider'';
                          (ii) in subparagraph (B) by striking ``and'' 
                        at the end;
                          (iii) by redesignating subparagraph (C) as 
                        subparagraph (D); and
                          (iv) by inserting after subparagraph (B) the 
                        following:
                  ``(C) cost savings by utilizing flexibility that 
                exists in current design guidance and regulations; 
                and''; and
                  (B) in paragraph (2)--
                          (i) in subparagraph (C) by striking ``and'' 
                        at the end;
                          (ii) by redesignating subparagraph (D) as 
                        subparagraph (F); and
                          (iii) by inserting after subparagraph (C) the 
                        following:
                  ``(D) the publication entitled `Highway Safety 
                Manual' of the American Association of State Highway 
                and Transportation Officials;
                  ``(E) the publication entitled `Urban Street Design 
                Guide' of the National Association of City 
                Transportation Officials; and''; and
          (2) in subsection (f) by inserting ``pedestrian walkways,'' 
        after ``bikeways,''.
  (b) Design Standard Flexibility.--Notwithstanding section 109(o) of 
title 23, United States Code, a State may allow a local jurisdiction to 
use a roadway design publication that is different from the roadway 
design publication used by the State in which the local jurisdiction is 
located for the design of a project on a roadway under the ownership of 
the local jurisdiction (other than a highway on the Interstate System) 
if--
          (1) the local jurisdiction is a direct recipient of Federal 
        funds for the project;
          (2) the roadway design publication--
                  (A) is recognized by the Federal Highway 
                Administration; and
                  (B) is adopted by the local jurisdiction; and
          (3) the design complies with all other applicable Federal 
        laws.

SEC. 1414. RESERVE FUND.

  (a) Limitation.--
          (1) In general.--Notwithstanding funding, authorizations of 
        appropriations, and contract authority described in sections 
        1101, 1102, 3017, 4001, 5101, and 6002 of this Act, including 
        the amendments made by such sections, sections 125 and 147 of 
        title 23, United States Code, and section 5338(a) of title 49, 
        United States Code, no funding, authorization of 
        appropriations, and contract authority described in those 
        sections for fiscal years 2019 through 2021 shall exist unless 
        and only to the extent that a subsequent Act of Congress causes 
        additional monies to be deposited in the Highway Trust Fund.
          (2) Administrative expenses.--The limitation on funds 
        provided in paragraph (1) shall not apply to--
                  (A) administrative expenses of the Federal Highway 
                Administration under sections 104(a) and 608(a)(6) of 
                title 23, United States Code;
                  (B) administrative expenses of the National Highway 
                Traffic Safety Administration under section 4001(a)(6) 
                of this Act;
                  (C) administrative expenses of the Federal Motor 
                Carrier Safety Administration under section 5103 of 
                this Act; and
                  (D) administrative expenses of the Federal Transit 
                Administration under section 5338(h) of title 49, 
                United States Code.
  (b) Adjustments to Contract Authority.--
          (1) In general.--Chapter 1 of title 23, United States Code, 
        is amended by inserting after section 104 the following:

``Sec. 105. Adjustments to contract authority

  ``(a) Calculation.--
          ``(1) In general.--The President shall include in each of the 
        fiscal year 2017 through 2021 budget submissions to Congress 
        under section 1105(a) of title 31, for each of the Highway 
        Account and the Mass Transit Account, a calculation of the 
        difference between--
                  ``(A) the actual level of monies deposited in that 
                account for the most recently completed fiscal year; 
                and
                  ``(B) the estimated level of receipts for that 
                account for the most recently completed fiscal year, as 
                specified in paragraph (2).
          ``(2) Estimate.--The estimated level of receipts specified in 
        this paragraph are--
                  ``(A) for the Highway Account--
                          ``(i) for fiscal year 2015, $35,067,000,000;
                          ``(ii) for fiscal year 2016, $35,498,000,000;
                          ``(iii) for fiscal year 2017, 
                        $35,879,000,000;
                          ``(iv) for fiscal year 2018, $36,084,000,000; 
                        and
                          ``(v) for fiscal year 2019, $36,117,000,000; 
                        and
                  ``(B) for the Mass Transit Account--
                          ``(i) for fiscal year 2015, $4,994,000,000;
                          ``(ii) for fiscal year 2016, $5,020,000,000;
                          ``(iii) for fiscal year 2017, $5,024,000,000;
                          ``(iv) for fiscal year 2018, $5,011,000,000; 
                        and
                          ``(v) for fiscal year 2019, $4,981,000,000.
  ``(b) Adjustments to Contract Authority.--
          ``(1) Additional amounts.--If the difference determined in a 
        budget submission under subsection (a) for a fiscal year for 
        the Highway Account or the Mass Transit Account is greater than 
        zero, the Secretary shall on October 1 of the budget year of 
        that submission--
                  ``(A) make available for programs authorized from 
                such account for the budget year a total amount equal 
                to--
                          ``(i) the amount otherwise authorized to be 
                        appropriated for such programs for such budget 
                        year; plus
                          ``(ii) an amount equal to such difference; 
                        and
                  ``(B) distribute the additional amount under 
                subparagraph (A)(ii) to each of such programs in 
                accordance with subsection (c).
          ``(2) Reduction.--If the difference determined in a budget 
        submission under subsection (a) for a fiscal year for the 
        Highway Account or the Mass Transit Account is less than zero, 
        the Secretary shall on October 1 of the budget year of that 
        submission--
                  ``(A) make available for programs authorized from 
                such account for the budget year a total amount equal 
                to--
                          ``(i) the amount otherwise authorized to be 
                        appropriated for such programs for such budget 
                        year; minus
                          ``(ii) an amount equal to such difference; 
                        and
                  ``(B) apply the total adjustment under subparagraph 
                (A)(ii) to each of such programs in accordance with 
                subsection (c).
  ``(c) Distribution of Adjustment Among Programs.--
          ``(1) In general.--In making an adjustment for the Highway 
        Account or the Mass Transit Account for a budget year under 
        subsection (b), the Secretary shall--
                  ``(A) determine the ratio that--
                          ``(i) the amount authorized to be 
                        appropriated for a program from the account for 
                        the budget year; bears to
                          ``(ii) the total amount authorized to be 
                        appropriated for such budget year for all 
                        programs under such account;
                  ``(B) multiply the ratio determined under 
                subparagraph (A) by the applicable difference 
                calculated under subsection (a); and
                  ``(C) adjust the amount that the Secretary would 
                otherwise have allocated for the program for such 
                budget year by the amount calculated under subparagraph 
                (B).
          ``(2) Formula programs.--For a program for which funds are 
        distributed by formula, the Secretary shall add or subtract the 
        adjustment to the amount authorized for the program but for 
        this section and make available the adjusted program amount for 
        such program in accordance with such formula.
          ``(3) Availability for obligation.--Adjusted amounts under 
        this subsection shall be available for obligation and 
        administered in the same manner as other amounts made available 
        for the program for which the amount is adjusted.
  ``(d) Exclusion of Emergency Relief Program and Covered 
Administrative Expenses.--The Secretary shall exclude the emergency 
relief program under section 125 and covered administrative expenses 
from--
          ``(1) an adjustment of funding under subsection (c)(1); and
          ``(2) any calculation under subsection (b) or (c) related to 
        such an adjustment.
  ``(e) Authorization of Appropriations.--There is authorized to be 
appropriated from the appropriate account or accounts of the Highway 
Trust Fund an amount equal to the amounts calculated under subsection 
(a) for each of fiscal years 2017 through 2021.
  ``(f) Revision to Obligation Limitations.--
          ``(1) In general.--If the Secretary makes an adjustment under 
        subsection (b) for a fiscal year to an amount subject to a 
        limitation on obligations imposed by section 1102 or 3017 of 
        the Surface Transportation Reauthorization and Reform Act of 
        2015--
                  ``(A) such limitation on obligations for such fiscal 
                year shall be revised by an amount equal to such 
                adjustment; and
                  ``(B) the Secretary shall distribute such limitation 
                on obligations, as revised under subparagraph (A), in 
                accordance with such sections.
          ``(2) Exclusion of covered administrative expenses.--The 
        Secretary shall exclude covered administrative expenses from--
                  ``(A) any calculation relating to a revision of a 
                limitation on obligations under paragraph (1)(A); and
                  ``(B) any distribution of a revised limitation on 
                obligations under paragraph (1)(B).
  ``(g) Definitions.--In this section, the following definitions apply:
          ``(1) Budget year.--The term `budget year' means the fiscal 
        year for which a budget submission referenced in subsection 
        (a)(1) is submitted.
          ``(2) Covered administrative expenses.--The term `covered 
        administrative expenses' means the administrative expenses of--
                  ``(A) the Federal Highway Administration, as 
                authorized under section 104(a);
                  ``(B) the National Highway Traffic Safety 
                Administration, as authorized under section 4001(a)(6) 
                of the Surface Transportation Reauthorization and 
                Reform Act of 2015; and
                  ``(C) the Federal Motor Carrier Safety 
                Administration, as authorized under section 31110 of 
                title 49.
          ``(3) Highway account.--The term `Highway Account' means the 
        portion of the Highway Trust Fund that is not the Mass Transit 
        Account.
          ``(4) Mass transit account.--The term `Mass Transit Account' 
        means the Mass Transit Account of the Highway Trust Fund 
        established under section 9503(e)(1) of the Internal Revenue 
        Code of 1986.''.
          (2) Clerical amendment.--The analysis for chapter 1 of title 
        23, United States Code, is amended by inserting after the item 
        relating to section 104 the following:

``105. Adjustments to contract authority.''.

SEC. 1415. ADJUSTMENTS.

  (a) In General.--On July 1, 2018, of the unobligated balances of 
funds apportioned among the States under chapter 1 of title 23, United 
States Code, a total of $6,000,000,000 is permanently rescinded.
  (b) Exclusions From Rescission.--The rescission under subsection (a) 
shall not apply to funds distributed in accordance with--
          (1) sections 104(b)(3) and 130(f) of title 23, United States 
        Code;
          (2) sections 133(d)(1)(A) of such title;
          (3) the first sentence of section 133(d)(3)(A) of such title, 
        as in effect on the day before the date of enactment of MAP-21 
        (Public Law 112-141);
          (4) sections 133(d)(1) and 163 of such title, as in effect on 
        the day before the date of enactment of SAFETEA-LU (Public Law 
        109-59); and
          (5) section 104(b)(5) of such title, as in effect on the day 
        before the date of enactment of MAP-21 (Public Law 112-141).
  (c) Distribution Among States.--The amount to be rescinded under this 
section from a State shall be determined by multiplying the total 
amount of the rescission in subsection (a) by the ratio that--
          (1) the unobligated balances subject to the rescission as of 
        September 30, 2017, for the State; bears to
          (2) the unobligated balances subject to the rescission as of 
        September 30, 2017, for all States.
  (d) Distribution Within Each State.--The amount to be rescinded under 
this section from each program to which the rescission applies within a 
State shall be determined by multiplying the required rescission amount 
calculated under subsection (c) for such State by the ratio that--
          (1) the unobligated balance as of September 30, 2017, for 
        such program in such State; bears to
          (2) the unobligated balances as of September 30, 2017, for 
        all programs to which the rescission applies in such State.

SEC. 1416. NATIONAL ELECTRIC VEHICLE CHARGING, HYDROGEN, AND NATURAL 
                    GAS FUELING CORRIDORS.

  (a) In General.--Chapter 1 of title 23, United States Code, is 
amended by inserting after section 150 the following:

``Sec. 151. National electric vehicle charging, hydrogen, and natural 
                    gas fueling corridors

  ``(a) In General.--Not later than 1 year after the date of enactment 
of the Surface Transportation Reauthorization and Reform Act of 2015, 
the Secretary shall designate national electric vehicle charging, 
hydrogen, and natural gas fueling corridors that identify the near- and 
long-term need for, and location of, electric vehicle charging 
infrastructure, hydrogen infrastructure, and natural gas fueling 
infrastructure at strategic locations along major national highways to 
improve the mobility of passenger and commercial vehicles that employ 
electric, hydrogen fuel cell, and natural gas fueling technologies 
across the United States.
  ``(b) Designation of Corridors.--In designating the corridors under 
subsection (a), the Secretary shall--
          ``(1) solicit nominations from State and local officials for 
        facilities to be included in the corridors;
          ``(2) incorporate existing electric vehicle charging, 
        hydrogen fueling stations, and natural gas fueling corridors 
        designated by a State or group of States; and
          ``(3) consider the demand for, and location of, existing 
        electric vehicle charging, hydrogen fueling stations, and 
        natural gas fueling infrastructure.
  ``(c) Stakeholders.--In designating corridors under subsection (a), 
the Secretary shall involve, on a voluntary basis, stakeholders that 
include--
          ``(1) the heads of other Federal agencies;
          ``(2) State and local officials;
          ``(3) representatives of--
                  ``(A) energy utilities;
                  ``(B) the electric, fuel cell electric, and natural 
                gas vehicle industries;
                  ``(C) the freight and shipping industry;
                  ``(D) clean technology firms;
                  ``(E) the hospitality industry;
                  ``(F) the restaurant industry;
                  ``(G) highway rest stop vendors; and
                  ``(H) industrial gas and hydrogen manufacturers; and
          ``(4) such other stakeholders as the Secretary determines to 
        be necessary.
  ``(d) Redesignation.--Not later than 5 years after the date of 
establishment of the corridors under subsection (a), and every 5 years 
thereafter, the Secretary shall update and redesignate the corridors.
  ``(e) Report.--During designation and redesignation of the corridors 
under this section, the Secretary shall issue a report that--
          ``(1) identifies electric vehicle charging, hydrogen 
        infrastructure, and natural gas fueling infrastructure and 
        standardization needs for electricity providers, industrial gas 
        providers, natural gas providers, infrastructure providers, 
        vehicle manufacturers, electricity purchasers, and natural gas 
        purchasers; and
          ``(2) establishes an aspirational goal of achieving strategic 
        deployment of electric vehicle charging, hydrogen 
        infrastructure, and natural gas fueling infrastructure in those 
        corridors by the end of fiscal year 2021.''.
  (b) Conforming Amendment.--The analysis for chapter 1 of title 23, 
United States Code, is amended by inserting after the item relating to 
section 150 the following:

``151. National electric vehicle charging, hydrogen, and natural gas 
fueling corridors.''.

SEC. 1417. FERRIES.

  Section 147 of title 23, United States Code, is amended by adding at 
the end the following:
  ``(h) Redistribution of Unobligated Amounts.--The Secretary shall--
          ``(1) withdraw amounts allocated to eligible entities under 
        this section that remain unobligated by the end of the third 
        fiscal year following the fiscal year for which the amounts 
        were allocated; and
          ``(2) in the fiscal year beginning after a fiscal year in 
        which a withdrawal is made under paragraph (1), redistribute 
        the funds withdrawn, in accordance with the formula specified 
        under subsection (d), among eligible entities with respect to 
        which no amounts were withdrawn under paragraph (1).''.

SEC. 1418. STUDY ON PERFORMANCE OF BRIDGES.

  (a) In General.--Subject to subsection (c), the Administrator of the 
Federal Highway Administration shall commission the Transportation 
Research Board of the National Academy of Sciences to conduct a study 
on the performance of bridges that are at least 15 years old and 
received funding under the innovative bridge research and construction 
program (in this section referred to as the ``program'') under section 
503(b) of title 23, United States Code (as in effect on the day before 
the date of enactment of SAFETEA-LU (Public Law 109-59) in meeting the 
goals of that program, which included--
          (1) the development of new, cost-effective innovative 
        material highway bridge applications;
          (2) the reduction of maintenance costs and lifecycle costs of 
        bridges, including the costs of new construction, replacement, 
        or rehabilitation of deficient bridges;
          (3) the development of construction techniques to increase 
        safety and reduce construction time and traffic congestion;
          (4) the development of engineering design criteria for 
        innovative products and materials for use in highway bridges 
        and structures;
          (5) the development of cost-effective and innovative 
        techniques to separate vehicle and pedestrian traffic from 
        railroad traffic;
          (6) the development of highway bridges and structures that 
        will withstand natural disasters, including alternative 
        processes for the seismic retrofit of bridges; and
          (7) the development of new nondestructive bridge evaluation 
        technologies and techniques.
  (b) Contents.--The study commissioned under subsection (a) shall 
include--
          (1) an analysis of the performance of bridges that received 
        funding under the program in meeting the goals described in 
        paragraphs (1) through (7) of subsection (a);
          (2) an analysis of the utility, compared to conventional 
        materials and technologies, of each of the innovative materials 
        and technologies used in projects for bridges under the program 
        in meeting the needs of the United States in 2015 and in the 
        future for a sustainable and low lifecycle cost transportation 
        system;
          (3) recommendations to Congress on how the installed and 
        lifecycle costs of bridges could be reduced through the use of 
        innovative materials and technologies, including, as 
        appropriate, any changes in the design and construction of 
        bridges needed to maximize the cost reductions; and
          (4) a summary of any additional research that may be needed 
        to further evaluate innovative approaches to reducing the 
        installed and lifecycle costs of highway bridges.
  (c) Public Comment.--Before commissioning the study under subsection 
(a), the Administrator shall provide an opportunity for public comment 
on the study proposal.
  (d) Data From States.--Each State that received funds under the 
program shall provide to the Transportation Research Board any relevant 
data needed to carry out the study commissioned under subsection (a).
  (e) Deadline.--The Administrator shall submit to Congress a report on 
the results of the study commissioned under subsection (a) not later 
than 3 years after the date of enactment of this Act.

SEC. 1419. RELINQUISHMENT OF PARK-AND-RIDE LOT FACILITIES.

  A State transportation agency may relinquish park-and-ride lot 
facilities or portions of park-and-ride lot facilities to a local 
government agency for highway purposes if authorized to do so under 
State law if the agreement providing for the relinquishment provides 
that--
          (1) rights-of-way on the Interstate System will remain 
        available for future highway improvements; and
          (2) modifications to the facilities that could impair the 
        highway or interfere with the free and safe flow of traffic are 
        subject to the approval of the Secretary.

SEC. 1420. PILOT PROGRAM.

  (a) In General.--The Secretary may establish a pilot program that 
allows a State to utilize innovative approaches to maintain the right-
of-way of Federal-aid highways within such State.
  (b) Limitation.--A pilot program established under subsection (a) 
shall--
          (1) terminate after not more than 6 years;
          (2) include not more than 5 States; and
          (3) be subject to guidelines published by the Secretary.
  (c) Report.--If the Secretary establishes a pilot program under 
subsection (a), the Secretary shall, not more than 1 year after the 
completion of the pilot program, submit to the Committee on 
Transportation and Infrastructure of the House of Representatives and 
the Committee on Environment and Public Works of the Senate a report on 
the results of the pilot program.

SEC. 1421. INNOVATIVE PROJECT DELIVERY EXAMPLES.

  Section 120(c)(3)(B) of title 23, United States Code, is amended--
          (1) in clause (iv) by striking ``or'' at the end;
          (2) by redesignating clause (v) as clause (vi); and
          (3) by inserting after clause (iv) the following:
                          ``(v) innovative pavement materials that have 
                        a demonstrated life cycle of 75 or more years, 
                        are manufactured with reduced greenhouse gas 
                        emissions, and reduce construction-related 
                        congestion by rapidly curing; or''.

SEC. 1422. ADMINISTRATIVE PROVISIONS TO ENCOURAGE POLLINATOR HABITAT 
                    AND FORAGE ON TRANSPORTATION RIGHTS-OF-WAY.

  (a) In General.--Section 319 of title 23, United States Code, is 
amended--
          (1) in subsection (a) by inserting ``(including the 
        enhancement of habitat and forage for pollinators)'' before 
        ``adjacent''; and
          (2) by adding at the end the following:
  ``(c) Encouragement of Pollinator Habitat and Forage Development and 
Protection on Transportation Rights-of-Way.--In carrying out any 
program administered by the Secretary under this title, the Secretary 
shall, in conjunction with willing States, as appropriate--
          ``(1) encourage integrated vegetation management practices on 
        roadsides and other transportation rights-of-way, including 
        reduced mowing; and
          ``(2) encourage the development of habitat and forage for 
        Monarch butterflies, other native pollinators, and honey bees 
        through plantings of native forbs and grasses, including 
        noninvasive, native milkweed species that can serve as 
        migratory way stations for butterflies and facilitate 
        migrations of other pollinators.''.
  (b) Provision of Habitat, Forage, and Migratory Way Stations for 
Monarch Butterflies, Other Native Pollinators, and Honey Bees.--Section 
329(a)(1) of title 23, United States Code, is amended by inserting 
``provision of habitat, forage, and migratory way stations for Monarch 
butterflies, other native pollinators, and honey bees,'' before ``and 
aesthetic enhancement''.

SEC. 1423. MILK PRODUCTS.

  Section 127(a) of title 23, United States Code, is amended by adding 
at the end the following:
          ``(13) Milk products.--A vehicle carrying fluid milk products 
        shall be considered a load that cannot be easily dismantled or 
        divided.''.

SEC. 1424. INTERSTATE WEIGHT LIMITS FOR EMERGENCY VEHICLES.

  Section 127(a) of title 23, United States Code, as amended by this 
Act, is further amended by adding at the end the following:
          ``(14) Emergency vehicles.--
                  ``(A) In general.--With respect to an emergency 
                vehicle, the following weight limits shall apply in 
                lieu of the maximum and minimum weight limits specified 
                in this subsection:
                          ``(i) 24,000 pounds on a single steering 
                        axle.
                          ``(ii) 33,500 pounds on a single drive axle.
                          ``(iii) 62,000 pounds on a tandem axle.
                          ``(iv) A maximum gross vehicle weight of 
                        86,000 pounds.
                  ``(B) Emergency vehicle defined.--In this paragraph, 
                the term `emergency vehicle' means a vehicle designed--
                          ``(i) to be used under emergency conditions 
                        to transport personnel and equipment; and
                          ``(ii) to support the suppression of fires 
                        and mitigation of other hazardous 
                        situations.''.

SEC. 1425. VEHICLE WEIGHT LIMITATIONS--INTERSTATE SYSTEM.

  Section 127 of title 23, United States Code, is amended by adding at 
the end the following:
  ``(m) Covered Heavy-Duty Tow and Recovery Vehicles.--
          ``(1) In general.--The vehicle weight limitations set forth 
        in this section do not apply to a covered heavy-duty tow and 
        recovery vehicle.
          ``(2) Covered heavy-duty tow and recovery vehicle defined.--
        In this subsection, the term `covered heavy-duty tow and 
        recovery vehicle' means a vehicle that--
                  ``(A) is transporting a disabled vehicle from the 
                place where the vehicle became disabled to the nearest 
                appropriate repair facility; and
                  ``(B) has a gross vehicle weight that is equal to or 
                exceeds the gross vehicle weight of the disabled 
                vehicle being transported.''.

SEC. 1426. NEW NATIONAL GOAL, PERFORMANCE MEASURE, AND PERFORMANCE 
                    TARGET.

  (a) National Goal.--Section 150(b) of title 23, United States Code, 
is amended by adding at the end the following:
          ``(8) Integrated economic development.--To improve road 
        conditions in economically distressed urban communities and 
        increase access to jobs, markets, and economic opportunities 
        for people who live in such communities.''.
  (b) Performance Measure.--Section 150(c) of such title is amended by 
adding at the end the following:
          ``(7) Integrated economic development.--The Secretary shall 
        establish measures for States to use to assess the conditions, 
        accessibility, and reliability of roads in economically 
        distressed urban communities.''.
  (c) Performance Target.--Section 150(d)(1) of such title is amended 
by striking ``and (6)'' and inserting ``(6), and (7)''.

SEC. 1427. SERVICE CLUB, CHARITABLE ASSOCIATION, OR RELIGIOUS SERVICE 
                    SIGNS.

  Notwithstanding section 131 of title 23, United States Code, and part 
750 of title 23, Code of Federal Regulations (or successor 
regulations), a State may allow the maintenance of a sign of a service 
club, charitable association, or religious service that was erected as 
of the date of enactment of this Act and the area of which is less than 
or equal to 32 square feet, if the State notifies the Federal Highway 
Administration.

SEC. 1428. WORK ZONE AND GUARD RAIL SAFETY TRAINING.

  (a) In General.--Section 1409 of SAFETEA-LU (23 U.S.C. 401 note) is 
amended--
          (1) by striking the section heading and inserting ``work zone 
        and guard rail safety training''; and
          (2) in subsection (b) by adding at the end the following:
          ``(4) Development, updating, and delivery of training courses 
        on guard rail installation, maintenance, and inspection.''.
  (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of contents in section 1(b) of 
such Act is amended by striking the item relating to section 1409 and 
inserting the following:

``Sec. 1409. Work zone and guard rail safety training.''.

SEC. 1429. MOTORCYCLIST ADVISORY COUNCIL.

  (a) In General.--The Secretary, acting through the Administrator of 
the Federal Highway Administration, and in consultation with the 
Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure of the House of 
Representatives and the Committee on Environment and Public Works of 
the Senate, shall appoint a Motorcyclist Advisory Council to coordinate 
with and advise the Administrator on infrastructure issues of concern 
to motorcyclists, including--
          (1) barrier design;
          (2) road design, construction, and maintenance practices; and
          (3) the architecture and implementation of intelligent 
        transportation system technologies.
  (b) Composition.--The Council shall consist of not more than 10 
members of the motorcycling community with professional expertise in 
national motorcyclist safety advocacy, including--
          (1) at least--
                  (A) 1 member recommended by a national motorcyclist 
                association;
                  (B) 1 member recommended by a national motorcycle 
                riders foundation;
                  (C) 1 representative of the National Association of 
                State Motorcycle Safety Administrators;
                  (D) 2 members of State motorcyclists' organizations;
                  (E) 1 member recommended by a national organization 
                that represents the builders of highway infrastructure;
                  (F) 1 member recommended by a national association 
                that represents the traffic safety systems industry; 
                and
                  (G) 1 member of a national safety organization; and
          (2) at least 1, but not more than 2, motorcyclists who are 
        traffic system design engineers or State transportation 
        department officials.

SEC. 1430. HIGHWAY WORK ZONES.

  It is the sense of the House of Representatives that the Federal 
Highway Administration should--
          (1) do all within its power to protect workers in highway 
        work zones; and
          (2) move rapidly to finalize regulations, as directed in 
        section 1405 of MAP-21 (126 Stat. 560), to protect the lives 
        and safety of construction workers in highway work zones from 
        vehicle intrusions.

                  TITLE II--INNOVATIVE PROJECT FINANCE

SEC. 2001. TRANSPORTATION INFRASTRUCTURE FINANCE AND INNOVATION ACT OF 
                    1998 AMENDMENTS.

  (a) Definitions.--
          (1) Master credit agreement.--Section 601(a)(10) of title 23, 
        United States Code, is amended to read as follows:
          ``(10) Master credit agreement.--The term `master credit 
        agreement' means a conditional agreement to extend credit 
        assistance for a program of related projects secured by a 
        common security pledge (which shall receive an investment grade 
        rating from a rating agency prior to the Secretary entering 
        into such master credit agreement) under section 602(b)(2)(A), 
        or for a single project covered under section 602(b)(2)(B) that 
        does not provide for a current obligation of Federal funds, and 
        that would--
                  ``(A) make contingent commitments of 1 or more 
                secured loans or other Federal credit instruments at 
                future dates, subject to the availability of future 
                funds being made available to carry out this chapter 
                and subject to the satisfaction of all the conditions 
                for the provision of credit assistance under this 
                chapter, including section 603(b)(1);
                  ``(B) establish the maximum amounts and general terms 
                and conditions of the secured loans or other Federal 
                credit instruments;
                  ``(C) identify the 1 or more dedicated non-Federal 
                revenue sources that will secure the repayment of the 
                secured loans or secured Federal credit instruments;
                  ``(D) provide for the obligation of funds for the 
                secured loans or secured Federal credit instruments 
                after all requirements have been met for the projects 
                subject to the master credit agreement, including--
                          ``(i) completion of an environmental impact 
                        statement or similar analysis required under 
                        the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 
                        (42 U.S.C. 4321 et seq.);
                          ``(ii) compliance with such other 
                        requirements as are specified in this chapter, 
                        including sections 602(c) and 603(b)(1); and
                          ``(iii) the availability of funds to carry 
                        out this chapter; and
                  ``(E) require that contingent commitments result in a 
                financial close and obligation of credit assistance not 
                later than 3 years after the date of entry into the 
                master credit agreement, or release of the commitment, 
                unless otherwise extended by the Secretary.''.
          (2) Rural infrastructure project.--Section 601(a)(15) of 
        title 23, United States Code, is amended to read as follows:
          ``(15) Rural infrastructure project.--The term `rural 
        infrastructure project' means a surface transportation 
        infrastructure project located outside of a Census-Bureau-
        defined urbanized area.''.
  (b) Master Credit Agreements.--Section 602(b)(2) of title 23, United 
States Code is amended to read as follows:
          ``(2) Master credit agreements.--
                  ``(A) Program of related projects.--The Secretary may 
                enter into a master credit agreement for a program of 
                related projects secured by a common security pledge on 
                terms acceptable to the Secretary.
                  ``(B) Adequate funding not available.--If the 
                Secretary fully obligates funding to eligible projects 
                in a fiscal year, and adequate funding is not available 
                to fund a credit instrument, a project sponsor of an 
                eligible project may elect to enter into a master 
                credit agreement and wait to execute a credit 
                instrument until the fiscal year during which 
                additional funds are available to receive credit 
                assistance.''.
  (c) Eligible Project Costs.--Section 602(a)(5) of title 23, United 
States Code, is amended--
          (1) in subparagraph (A) by inserting ``and (C)'' after 
        ``(B)''; and
          (2) by adding at the end the following:
                  ``(C) Local infrastructure projects.--Eligible 
                project costs shall be reasonably anticipated to equal 
                or exceed $10,000,000 in the case of a project or 
                program of projects--
                          ``(i) in which the applicant is a local 
                        government, public authority, or 
                        instrumentality of local government;
                          ``(ii) located on a facility owned by a local 
                        government; or
                          ``(iii) for which the Secretary determines 
                        that a local government is substantially 
                        involved in the development of the project.''.
  (d) Limitation on Refinancing of Interim Construction Financing.--
Section 603(a)(2) of title 23, United States Code, is amended to read 
as follows:
          ``(2) Limitation on refinancing of interim construction 
        financing.--A loan under paragraph (1) shall not refinance 
        interim construction financing under paragraph (1)(B)--
                  ``(A) if the maturity of such interim construction 
                financing is later than 1 year after the substantial 
                completion of the project; and
                  ``(B) later than 1 year after the date of substantial 
                completion of the project.''.
  (e) Funding.--Section 608(a) of title 23, United States Code, is 
amended--
          (1) in paragraph (4)--
                  (A) in subparagraph (A) by striking ``Beginning in 
                fiscal year 2014, on April 1 of each fiscal year'' and 
                inserting ``Beginning in fiscal year 2016, on August 1 
                of each fiscal year''; and
                  (B) by adding at the end the following:
                  ``(D) Limitations.--The Secretary may not carry out a 
                redistribution under this paragraph--
                          ``(i) for any fiscal year in which such 
                        redistribution would adversely impact the 
                        receipt of credit assistance by a qualified 
                        project within such fiscal year; or
                          ``(ii) if the budget authority determined to 
                        be necessary to cover all requests for credit 
                        assistance pending before the Department of 
                        Transportation on August 1 would reduce the 
                        uncommitted balance of funds below the 
                        threshold established in subparagraph (A).''; 
                        and
          (2) by striking paragraph (6) and inserting the following:
          ``(6) Administrative costs.--Of the amounts made available to 
        carry out this chapter, the Secretary may use not more than 
        $5,000,000 for fiscal year 2016, $5,150,000 for fiscal year 
        2017, $5,304,500 for fiscal year 2018, $5,463,500 for fiscal 
        year 2019, $5,627,500 for fiscal year 2020, and $5,760,500 for 
        fiscal year 2021 for the administration of this chapter.''.

SEC. 2002. STATE INFRASTRUCTURE BANK PROGRAM.

  Section 610 of title 23, United States Code, is amended--
          (1) in subsection (d)--
                  (A) in paragraph (1) by striking subparagraph (A) and 
                inserting the following:
                  ``(A) 10 percent of the funds apportioned to the 
                State for each of fiscal years 2016 through 2021 under 
                each of sections 104(b)(1) and 104(b)(2); and'';
                  (B) in paragraph (2) by striking ``fiscal years 2005 
                through 2009'' and inserting ``fiscal years 2016 
                through 2021'';
                  (C) in paragraph (3) by striking ``fiscal years 2005 
                through 2009'' and inserting ``fiscal years 2016 
                through 2021''; and
                  (D) in paragraph (5) by striking ``section 
                133(d)(3)'' and inserting ``section 133(d)(1)(A)(i)''; 
                and
          (2) in subsection (k) by striking ``fiscal years 2005 through 
        2009'' and inserting ``fiscal years 2016 through 2021''.

SEC. 2003. AVAILABILITY PAYMENT CONCESSION MODEL.

  (a) Payment to States for Construction.--Section 121(a) of title 23, 
United States Code, is amended by inserting ``(including payments made 
pursuant to a long-term concession agreement, such as availability 
payments)'' after ``a project''.
  (b) Project Approval and Oversight.--Section 106(b)(1) of title 23, 
United States Code, is amended by inserting ``(including payments made 
pursuant to a long-term concession agreement, such as availability 
payments)'' after ``construction of the project''.

                    TITLE III--PUBLIC TRANSPORTATION

SEC. 3001. SHORT TITLE.

  This title may be cited as the ``Federal Public Transportation Act of 
2015''.

SEC. 3002. DEFINITIONS.

  Section 5302 of title 49, United States Code, is amended--
          (1) in paragraph (1)(C) by striking ``landscaping and''; and
          (2) by adding at the end the following:
          ``(24) Value capture.--The term `value capture' means 
        recovering the increased property value to property located 
        near public transportation resulting from investments in public 
        transportation.
          ``(25) Base-model bus.--The term `base-model bus' means a 
        heavy-duty public transportation bus manufactured to meet, but 
        not exceed, transit-specific minimum performance criteria 
        developed by the Secretary.''.

SEC. 3003. METROPOLITAN AND STATEWIDE TRANSPORTATION PLANNING.

  (a) In General.--Section 5303 of title 49, United States Code, is 
amended--
          (1) in subsection (c)(2) by striking ``and bicycle 
        transportation facilities'' and inserting ``, bicycle 
        transportation facilities, and intermodal facilities that 
        support intercity transportation, including intercity buses and 
        intercity bus facilities'';
          (2) in subsection (d)--
                  (A) by redesignating paragraphs (3) through (6) as 
                paragraphs (4) through (7), respectively; and
                  (B) by inserting after paragraph (2) the following:
          ``(3) Representation.--
                  ``(A) In general.--Designation or selection of 
                officials or representatives under paragraph (2) shall 
                be determined by the metropolitan planning organization 
                according to the bylaws or enabling statute of the 
                organization.
                  ``(B) Public transportation representative.--Subject 
                to the bylaws or enabling statute of the metropolitan 
                planning organization, a representative of a provider 
                of public transportation may also serve as a 
                representative of a local municipality.
                  ``(C) Powers of certain officials.--An official 
                described in paragraph (2)(B) shall have 
                responsibilities, actions, duties, voting rights, and 
                any other authority commensurate with other officials 
                described in paragraph (2).''; and
                  (C) in paragraph (5), as so redesignated, by striking 
                ``paragraph (5)'' and inserting ``paragraph (6)'';
          (3) in subsection (e)(4)(B) by striking ``subsection (d)(5)'' 
        and inserting ``subsection (d)(6)'';
          (4) in subsection (g)(3)(A) by inserting ``tourism, natural 
        disaster risk reduction,'' after ``economic development,'';
          (5) in subsection (h)(1)--
                  (A) in subparagraph (G) by striking ``and'' at the 
                end;
                  (B) in subparagraph (H) by striking the period at the 
                end and inserting ``; and''; and
                  (C) by adding at the end the following:
                  ``(I) improve the resilience and reliability of the 
                transportation system.'';
          (6) in subsection (i)--
                  (A) in paragraph (2)(A)(i) by striking ``transit'' 
                and inserting ``public transportation facilities, 
                intercity bus facilities'';
                  (B) in paragraph (6)(A)--
                          (i) by inserting ``public ports,'' before 
                        ``freight shippers,''; and
                          (ii) by inserting ``(including intercity bus 
                        operators, employer-based commuting programs, 
                        such as a carpool program, vanpool program, 
                        transit benefit program, parking cash-out 
                        program, shuttle program, or telework 
                        program)'' after ``private providers of 
                        transportation''; and
                  (C) in paragraph (8) by striking ``paragraph (2)(C)'' 
                each place it appears and inserting ``paragraph 
                (2)(E)'';
          (7) in subsection (k)(3)--
                  (A) in subparagraph (A) by inserting ``(including 
                intercity bus operators, employer-based commuting 
                programs, such as a carpool program, vanpool program, 
                transit benefit program, parking cash-out program, 
                shuttle program, or telework program), job access 
                projects,'' after ``reduction''; and
                  (B) by adding at the end the following:
                  ``(C) Congestion management plan.--A metropolitan 
                planning organization with a transportation management 
                area may develop a plan that includes projects and 
                strategies that will be considered in the TIP of such 
                metropolitan planning organization. Such plan shall--
                          ``(i) develop regional goals to reduce 
                        vehicle miles traveled during peak commuting 
                        hours and improve transportation connections 
                        between areas with high job concentration and 
                        areas with high concentrations of low-income 
                        households;
                          ``(ii) identify existing public 
                        transportation services, employer-based 
                        commuter programs, and other existing 
                        transportation services that support access to 
                        jobs in the region; and
                          ``(iii) identify proposed projects and 
                        programs to reduce congestion and increase job 
                        access opportunities.
                  ``(D) Participation.--In developing the plan under 
                subparagraph (C), a metropolitan planning organization 
                shall consult with employers, private and non-profit 
                providers of public transportation, transportation 
                management organizations, and organizations that 
                provide job access reverse commute projects or job-
                related services to low-income individuals.'';
          (8) in subsection (l)--
                  (A) by adding a period at the end of paragraph (1); 
                and
                  (B) in paragraph (2)(D) by striking ``of less than 
                200,000'' and inserting ``with a population of 200,000 
                or less''; and
          (9) in subsection (p) by striking ``Funds set aside under 
        section 104(f)'' and inserting ``Funds apportioned under 
        section 104(b)(5)''.
  (b) Statewide and Nonmetropolitan Transportation Planning.--Section 
5304 of title 49, United States Code, is amended--
          (1) in subsection (a)(2) by striking ``and bicycle 
        transportation facilities'' and inserting ``, bicycle 
        transportation facilities, and intermodal facilities that 
        support intercity transportation, including intercity buses and 
        intercity bus facilities'';
          (2) in subsection (d)--
                  (A) in paragraph (1)--
                          (i) in subparagraph (G) by striking ``and'' 
                        at the end;
                          (ii) in subparagraph (H) by striking the 
                        period at the end and inserting ``; and''; and
                          (iii) by adding at the end the following:
                  ``(I) improve the resilience and reliability of the 
                transportation system.''; and
                  (B) in paragraph (2)--
                          (i) in subparagraph (B)(ii) by striking 
                        ``urbanized''; and
                          (ii) in subparagraph (C) by striking 
                        ``urbanized''; and
          (3) in subsection (f)(3)(A)(ii)--
                  (A) by inserting ``public ports,'' before ``freight 
                shippers,''; and
                  (B) by inserting ``(including intercity bus 
                operators, employer-based commuting programs, such as a 
                carpool program, vanpool program, transit benefit 
                program, parking cash-out program, shuttle program, or 
                telework program)'' after ``private providers of 
                transportation''.

SEC. 3004. URBANIZED AREA FORMULA GRANTS.

  Section 5307 of title 49, United States Code, is amended--
          (1) in subsection (a)--
                  (A) by redesignating paragraphs (1) and (2) as 
                paragraphs (2) and (3), respectively;
                  (B) by inserting before paragraph (2) (as so 
                redesignated) the following:
          ``(1) Recipient defined.--In this section, the term 
        `recipient' means a designated recipient, State, or local 
        governmental authority that receives a grant under this section 
        directly from the Government.'';
                  (C) in paragraph (3) (as so redesignated) by 
                inserting ``or general public demand response service'' 
                before ``during'' each place it appears; and
                  (D) by adding at the end the following:
          ``(4) Exception to the special rule.--Notwithstanding 
        paragraph (3), if a public transportation system described in 
        such paragraph executes a written agreement with 1 or more 
        other public transportation systems to allocate funds under 
        this subsection, other than by measuring vehicle revenue hours, 
        each of the public transportation systems to the agreement may 
        follow the terms of such agreement without regard to the 
        percentages or the measured vehicle revenue hours referred to 
        in such paragraph.''; and
          (2) in subsection (c)(1)(K)(i) by striking ``1 percent'' and 
        inserting ``one-half of 1 percent''.

SEC. 3005. FIXED GUIDEWAY CAPITAL INVESTMENT GRANTS.

  Section 5309 of title 49, United States Code, is amended--
          (1) in subsection (a)(6)--
                  (A) in subparagraph (A) by inserting ``, small start 
                projects,'' after ``new fixed guideway capital 
                projects''; and
                  (B) by striking subparagraph (B) and inserting the 
                following:
                  ``(B) 2 or more projects that are any combination of 
                new fixed guideway capital projects, small start 
                projects, and core capacity improvement projects.'';
          (2) in subsection (h)(6)--
                  (A) by striking ``In carrying out'' and inserting the 
                following:
                  ``(A) In general.--In carrying out''; and
                  (B) by adding at the end the following:
                  ``(B) Optional early rating.--At the request of the 
                project sponsor, the Secretary shall evaluate and rate 
                the project in accordance with paragraphs (4) and (5) 
                and subparagraph (A) of this paragraph upon completion 
                of the analysis required under the National 
                Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (42 U.S.C. 4321 et 
                seq.).'';
          (3) in subsection (i)--
                  (A) in paragraph (1) by striking ``subsection (d) or 
                (e)'' and inserting ``subsection (d), (e), or (h)'';
                  (B) in paragraph (2)--
                          (i) in the matter preceding subparagraph (A) 
                        by inserting ``new fixed guideway capital 
                        project or core capacity improvement'' after 
                        ``federally funded'';
                          (ii) by striking subparagraph (D) and 
                        inserting the following:
                  ``(D) the program of interrelated projects, when 
                evaluated as a whole--
                          ``(i) meets the requirements of subsection 
                        (d)(2), subsection (e)(2), or paragraphs (3) 
                        and (4) of subsection (h), as applicable, if 
                        the program is comprised entirely of--
                                  ``(I) new fixed guideway capital 
                                projects;
                                  ``(II) core capacity improvement 
                                projects; or
                                  ``(III) small start projects; or
                          ``(ii) meets the requirements of subsection 
                        (d)(2) if the program is comprised of any 
                        combination of new fixed guideway projects, 
                        small start projects, and core capacity 
                        improvement projects.'';
                  (C) by striking paragraph (3)(A) and inserting the 
                following:
                  ``(A) Project advancement.--A project receiving a 
                grant under this section that is part of a program of 
                interrelated projects may not advance--
                          ``(i) in the case of a small start project, 
                        from the project development phase to the 
                        construction phase unless the Secretary 
                        determines that the program of interrelated 
                        projects meets the applicable requirements of 
                        this section and there is a reasonable 
                        likelihood that the program will continue to 
                        meet such requirements; or
                          ``(ii) in the case of a new fixed guideway 
                        capital project or a core capacity improvement 
                        project, from the project development phase to 
                        the engineering phase, or from the engineering 
                        phase to the construction phase, unless the 
                        Secretary determines that the program of 
                        interrelated projects meets the applicable 
                        requirements of this section and there is a 
                        reasonable likelihood that the program will 
                        continue to meet such requirements.'';
          (4) in subsection (l)--
                  (A) by striking paragraph (1) and inserting the 
                following:
          ``(1) In general.--Based on engineering studies, studies of 
        economic feasibility, and information on the expected use of 
        equipment or facilities, the Secretary shall estimate the net 
        capital project cost. A grant for a new fixed guideway project 
        shall not exceed 50 percent of the net capital project cost. A 
        grant for a core capacity project shall not exceed 80 percent 
        of the net capital project cost of the incremental cost of 
        increasing the capacity in the corridor. A grant for a small 
        start project shall not exceed 80 percent.''; and
                  (B) by striking paragraph (4) and inserting the 
                following:
          ``(4) Remaining costs.--The remainder of the net project 
        costs shall be provided--
                  ``(A) in cash from non-Government sources other than 
                revenues from providing public transportation services;
                  ``(B) from revenues from the sale of advertising and 
                concessions;
                  ``(C) from an undistributed cash surplus, a 
                replacement or depreciation cash fund or reserve, or 
                new capital; or
                  ``(D) from amounts appropriated or otherwise made 
                available to a department or agency of the Government 
                (other than the Department of Transportation) that are 
                eligible to be expended for transportation.'';
          (5) by striking subsection (n) and redesignating subsection 
        (o) as subsection (n); and
          (6) by adding at the end the following:
  ``(o) Special Rule.--For the purposes of calculating the cost 
effectiveness of a project described in subsection (d) or (e), the 
Secretary shall not reduce or eliminate the capital costs of art and 
landscaping elements from the annualized capital cost calculation.''.

SEC. 3006. FORMULA GRANTS FOR ENHANCED MOBILITY OF SENIORS AND 
                    INDIVIDUALS WITH DISABILITIES.

  Section 5310 of title 49, United States Code, is amended by adding at 
the end the following:
  ``(i) Best Practices.--The Secretary shall collect from, review, and 
disseminate to public transit agencies innovative practices, program 
models, new service delivery options, findings from activities under 
subsection (h), and transit cooperative research program reports.''.

SEC. 3007. FORMULA GRANTS FOR RURAL AREAS.

  Section 5311(g)(3) of title 49, United States Code, is amended--
          (1) by redesignating subparagraphs (A) through (D) as 
        subparagraphs (C) through (F), respectively;
          (2) by inserting before subparagraph (C) (as so redesignated) 
        the following:
                  ``(A) may be provided in cash from non-Government 
                sources other than revenues from providing public 
                transportation services;
                  ``(B) may be provided from revenues from the sale of 
                advertising and concessions;''; and
          (3) in subparagraph (F) (as so redesignated) by inserting ``, 
        including all operating and capital costs of such service 
        whether or not offset by revenue from such service,'' after 
        ``the costs of a private operator for the unsubsidized segment 
        of intercity bus service''.

SEC. 3008. PUBLIC TRANSPORTATION INNOVATION.

  (a) Consolidation of Programs.--Section 5312 of title 49, United 
States Code, is amended--
          (1) by striking the section designation and heading and 
        inserting the following:

``Sec. 5312. Public transportation innovation'';

          (2) by redesignating subsections (a) through (f) as 
        subsections (b) through (g), respectively;
          (3) by inserting before subsection (b) (as so redesignated) 
        the following:
  ``(a) In General.--The Secretary shall provide assistance for 
projects and activities to advance innovative public transportation 
research and development in accordance with the requirements of this 
section.'';
          (4) in subsection (e)(5) (as so redesignated)--
                  (A) in subparagraph (A) by striking clause (vi) and 
                redesignating clause (vii) as clause (vi);
                  (B) in subparagraph (B) by striking ``recipients'' 
                and inserting ``participants'';
                  (C) in subparagraph (C) by striking clause (ii) and 
                inserting the following:
                          ``(ii) Government share of costs for certain 
                        projects.--A grant for a project carried out 
                        under this paragraph shall be 80 percent of the 
                        net project cost of the project unless the 
                        grant recipient requests a lower grant 
                        percentage.''; and
                  (D) by striking subparagraph (G);
          (5) in subsection (f) (as so redesignated)--
                  (A) by striking ``(f)'' and all that follows before 
                paragraph (1) and inserting the following:
  ``(f) Annual Report on Research.--Not later than the first Monday in 
February of each year, the Secretary shall make available to the public 
on the Web site of the Department of Transportation, a report that 
includes--'';
                  (B) in paragraph (1) by adding ``and'' at the end;
                  (C) in paragraph (2) by striking ``; and'' and 
                inserting a period; and
                  (D) by striking paragraph (3); and
          (6) by adding at the end the following:
  ``(h) Transit Cooperative Research Program.--
          ``(1) In general.--The amounts made available under section 
        5338(b) are available for a public transportation cooperative 
        research program.
          ``(2) Independent governing board.--
                  ``(A) Establishment.--The Secretary shall establish 
                an independent governing board for the program under 
                this subsection.
                  ``(B) Recommendations.--The board shall recommend 
                public transportation research, development, and 
                technology transfer activities the Secretary considers 
                appropriate.
          ``(3) Federal assistance.--The Secretary may make grants to, 
        and enter into cooperative agreements with, the National 
        Academy of Sciences to carry out activities under this 
        subsection that the Secretary considers appropriate.
          ``(4) Government's share.--If there would be a clear and 
        direct financial benefit to an entity under a grant or contract 
        financed under this subsection, the Secretary shall establish a 
        Government share consistent with that benefit.
          ``(5) Limitation on applicability.--Subsections (f) and (g) 
        shall not apply to activities carried out under this 
        subsection.''.
  (b) Conforming Amendments.--Section 5312 of such title (as amended by 
subsection (a) of this section) is further amended--
          (1) in subsection (c)(1) by striking ``subsection (a)(2)'' 
        and inserting ``subsection (b)(2)'';
          (2) in subsection (d)--
                  (A) in paragraph (1) by striking ``subsection 
                (a)(2)'' and inserting ``subsection (b)(2)''; and
                  (B) in paragraph (2)(A) by striking ``subsection 
                (b)'' and inserting ``subsection (c)'';
          (3) in subsection (e)(2) in each of subparagraphs (A) and (B) 
        by striking ``subsection (a)(2)'' and inserting ``subsection 
        (b)(2)''; and
          (4) in subsection (f)(2) by striking ``subsection (d)(4)'' 
        and inserting ``subsection (e)(4)''.
  (c) Repeal.--Section 5313 of such title, and the item relating to 
that section in the analysis for chapter 53 of such title, are 
repealed.
  (d) Clerical Amendment.--The analysis for chapter 53 of such title is 
amended by striking the item relating to section 5312 and inserting the 
following:

``5312. Public transportation innovation.''.

SEC. 3009. TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE AND WORKFORCE DEVELOPMENT.

  (a) In General.--Section 5314 of title 49, United States Code, is 
amended to read as follows:

``Sec. 5314. Technical assistance and workforce development

  ``(a) Technical Assistance and Standards.--
          ``(1) Technical assistance and standards development.--
                  ``(A) In general.--The Secretary may make grants and 
                enter into contracts, cooperative agreements, and other 
                agreements (including agreements with departments, 
                agencies, and instrumentalities of the Government) to 
                carry out activities that the Secretary determines will 
                assist recipients of assistance under this chapter to--
                          ``(i) more effectively and efficiently 
                        provide public transportation service;
                          ``(ii) administer funds received under this 
                        chapter in compliance with Federal law; and
                          ``(iii) improve public transportation.
                  ``(B) Eligible activities.--The activities carried 
                out under subparagraph (A) may include--
                          ``(i) technical assistance; and
                          ``(ii) the development of voluntary and 
                        consensus-based standards and best practices by 
                        the public transportation industry, including 
                        standards and best practices for safety, fare 
                        collection, intelligent transportation systems, 
                        accessibility, procurement, security, asset 
                        management to maintain a state of good repair, 
                        operations, maintenance, vehicle propulsion, 
                        communications, and vehicle electronics.
          ``(2) Technical assistance.--The Secretary, through a 
        competitive bid process, may enter into contracts, cooperative 
        agreements, and other agreements with national nonprofit 
        organizations that have the appropriate demonstrated capacity 
        to provide public-transportation-related technical assistance 
        under this subsection. The Secretary may enter into such 
        contracts, cooperative agreements, and other agreements to 
        assist providers of public transportation to--
                  ``(A) comply with the Americans with Disabilities Act 
                of 1990 (42 U.S.C. 12101 et seq.) through technical 
                assistance, demonstration programs, research, public 
                education, and other activities related to complying 
                with such Act;
                  ``(B) comply with human services transportation 
                coordination requirements and to enhance the 
                coordination of Federal resources for human services 
                transportation with those of the Department of 
                Transportation through technical assistance, training, 
                and support services related to complying with such 
                requirements;
                  ``(C) meet the transportation needs of elderly 
                individuals;
                  ``(D) increase transit ridership in coordination with 
                metropolitan planning organizations and other entities 
                through development around public transportation 
                stations through technical assistance and the 
                development of tools, guidance, and analysis related to 
                market-based development around transit stations;
                  ``(E) address transportation equity with regard to 
                the effect that transportation planning, investment, 
                and operations have for low-income and minority 
                individuals;
                  ``(F) facilitate best practices to promote bus driver 
                safety;
                  ``(G) meet the requirements of sections 5323(j) and 
                5323(m);
                  ``(H) assist with the development and deployment of 
                zero emission transit technologies; and
                  ``(I) any other technical assistance activity that 
                the Secretary determines is necessary to advance the 
                interests of public transportation.
          ``(3) Annual report on technical assistance.--Not later than 
        the first Monday in February of each year, the Secretary shall 
        submit to the Committee on Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs 
        and the Committee on Appropriations of the Senate and the 
        Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure, the Committee 
        on Science, Space, and Technology, and the Committee on 
        Appropriations of the House of Representatives a report that 
        includes--
                  ``(A) a description of each project that received 
                assistance under this subsection during the preceding 
                fiscal year;
                  ``(B) an evaluation of the activities carried out by 
                each organization that received assistance under this 
                subsection during the preceding fiscal year;
                  ``(C) a proposal for allocations of amounts for 
                assistance under this subsection for the subsequent 
                fiscal year; and
                  ``(D) measurable outcomes and impacts of the programs 
                funded under subsections (b) and (c).
          ``(4) Government share of costs.--
                  ``(A) In general.--The Government share of the cost 
                of an activity carried out using a grant under this 
                subsection may not exceed 80 percent.
                  ``(B) Non-government share.--The non-Government share 
                of the cost of an activity carried out using a grant 
                under this subsection may be derived from in-kind 
                contributions.
  ``(b) Human Resources and Training.--
          ``(1) In general.--The Secretary may undertake, or make 
        grants and contracts for, programs that address human resource 
        needs as they apply to public transportation activities. A 
        program may include--
                  ``(A) an employment training program;
                  ``(B) an outreach program to increase veteran, 
                minority, and female employment in public 
                transportation activities;
                  ``(C) research on public transportation personnel and 
                training needs;
                  ``(D) training and assistance for veteran and 
                minority business opportunities; and
                  ``(E) consensus-based national training standards and 
                certifications in partnership with industry 
                stakeholders.
          ``(2) Innovative public transportation frontline workforce 
        development program.--
                  ``(A) In general.--The Secretary shall establish a 
                competitive grant program to assist the development of 
                innovative activities eligible for assistance under 
                subparagraph (1).
                  ``(B) Eligible programs.--A program eligible for 
                assistance under subsection (a) shall--
                          ``(i) develop apprenticeships for transit 
                        maintenance and operations occupations, 
                        including hands-on, peer trainer, classroom and 
                        on-the-job training as well as training for 
                        instructors and on-the-job mentors;
                          ``(ii) build local, regional, and statewide 
                        transit training partnerships in coordination 
                        with entities such as local employers, local 
                        public transportation operators, labor union 
                        organizations, workforce development boards, 
                        State workforce agencies, State apprenticeship 
                        agencies (where applicable), and community 
                        colleges and university transportation centers, 
                        to identify and address workforce skill gaps 
                        and develop skills needed for delivering 
                        quality transit service and supporting employee 
                        career advancement;
                          ``(iii) provide improved capacity for safety, 
                        security, and emergency preparedness in local 
                        transit systems through--
                                  ``(I) developing the role of the 
                                frontline workforce in building and 
                                sustaining safety culture and safety 
                                systems in the industry and in 
                                individual public transportation 
                                systems;
                                  ``(II) specific training, in 
                                coordination with the National Transit 
                                Institute, on security and emergency 
                                preparedness, including protocols for 
                                coordinating with first responders and 
                                working with the broader community to 
                                address natural disasters or other 
                                threats to transit systems; and
                                  ``(III) training to address frontline 
                                worker roles in promoting health and 
                                safety for transit workers and the 
                                riding public, and improving 
                                communication during emergencies 
                                between the frontline workforce and the 
                                riding public;
                          ``(iv) address current or projected workforce 
                        shortages by developing career pathway 
                        partnerships with high schools, community 
                        colleges, and other community organizations for 
                        recruiting and training underrepresented 
                        populations, including minorities, women, 
                        individuals with disabilities, veterans, and 
                        low-income populations as successful transit 
                        employees who can develop careers in the 
                        transit industry; or
                          ``(v) address youth unemployment by directing 
                        the Secretary to award grants to local entities 
                        for work-based training and other work-related 
                        and educational strategies and activities of 
                        demonstrated effectiveness to provide 
                        unemployed, low-income young adults and low-
                        income youth with skills that will lead to 
                        employment.
                  ``(C) Selection of recipients.--To the maximum extent 
                feasible, the Secretary shall select recipients that--
                          ``(i) are geographically diverse;
                          ``(ii) address the workforce and human 
                        resources needs of large public transportation 
                        providers;
                          ``(iii) address the workforce and human 
                        resources needs of small public transportation 
                        providers;
                          ``(iv) address the workforce and human 
                        resources needs of urban public transportation 
                        providers;
                          ``(v) address the workforce and human 
                        resources needs of rural public transportation 
                        providers;
                          ``(vi) advance training related to 
                        maintenance of alternative energy, energy 
                        efficiency, or zero emission vehicles and 
                        facilities used in public transportation;
                          ``(vii) target areas with high rates of 
                        unemployment;
                          ``(viii) address current or projected 
                        workforce shortages in areas that require 
                        technical expertise; and
                          ``(ix) advance opportunities for minorities, 
                        women, veterans, individuals with disabilities, 
                        low-income populations, and other underserved 
                        populations.
                  ``(D) Program outcomes.--A recipient of assistance 
                under this subsection shall demonstrate outcomes for 
                any program that includes skills training, on-the-job 
                training, and work-based learning, including--
                          ``(i) the impact on reducing public 
                        transportation workforce shortages in the area 
                        served;
                          ``(ii) the diversity of training 
                        participants; and
                          ``(iii) the number of participants obtaining 
                        certifications or credentials required for 
                        specific types of employment.
          ``(3) Government's share of costs.--The Government share of 
        the cost of a project carried out using a grant under paragraph 
        (1) or (2) shall be 50 percent.
          ``(4) Use for technical assistance.--The Secretary may use 
        not more than 1 percent of amounts made available to carry out 
        this section to provide technical assistance for activities and 
        programs developed, conducted, and overseen under paragraphs 
        (1) and (2).
  ``(c) National Transit Institute.--
          ``(1) Establishment.--The Secretary shall establish a 
        national transit institute and award grants to a public, 4-year 
        institution of higher education, as defined in section 101(a) 
        of the Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1001(a)), in 
        order to carry out the duties of the institute.
          ``(2) Duties.--
                  ``(A) In general.--In cooperation with the Federal 
                Transit Administration, State transportation 
                departments, public transportation authorities, and 
                national and international entities, the institute 
                established under paragraph (1) shall develop and 
                conduct training and educational programs for Federal, 
                State, and local transportation employees, United 
                States citizens, and foreign nationals engaged or to be 
                engaged in Government-aid public transportation work.
                  ``(B) Training and educational programs.--The 
                training and educational programs developed under 
                subparagraph (A) may include courses in recent 
                developments, techniques, and procedures related to--
                          ``(i) intermodal and public transportation 
                        planning;
                          ``(ii) management;
                          ``(iii) environmental factors;
                          ``(iv) acquisition and joint-use rights-of-
                        way;
                          ``(v) engineering and architectural design;
                          ``(vi) procurement strategies for public 
                        transportation systems;
                          ``(vii) turnkey approaches to delivering 
                        public transportation systems;
                          ``(viii) new technologies;
                          ``(ix) emission reduction technologies;
                          ``(x) ways to make public transportation 
                        accessible to individuals with disabilities;
                          ``(xi) construction, construction management, 
                        insurance, and risk management;
                          ``(xii) maintenance;
                          ``(xiii) contract administration;
                          ``(xiv) inspection;
                          ``(xv) innovative finance;
                          ``(xvi) workplace safety; and
                          ``(xvii) public transportation security.
          ``(3) Providing education and training.--Education and 
        training of Government, State, and local transportation 
        employees under this subsection shall be provided--
                  ``(A) by the Secretary at no cost to the States and 
                local governments for subjects that are a Government 
                program responsibility; or
                  ``(B) when the education and training are paid under 
                paragraph (4), by the State, with the approval of the 
                Secretary, through grants and contracts with public and 
                private agencies, other institutions, individuals, and 
                the institute.
          ``(4) Availability of amounts.--Not more than 0.5 percent of 
        the amounts made available for a fiscal year beginning after 
        September 30, 1991, to a State or public transportation 
        authority in the State to carry out sections 5307 and 5309 is 
        available for expenditure by the State and public 
        transportation authorities in the State, with the approval of 
        the Secretary, to pay not more than 80 percent of the cost of 
        tuition and direct educational expenses related to educating 
        and training State and local transportation employees under 
        this subsection.''.
  (b) Repeal.--Section 5322 of such title, and the item relating to 
that section in the analysis for chapter 53 of such title, are 
repealed.
  (c) Clerical Amendment.--The analysis for chapter 53 of such title is 
amended by striking the item relating to section 5314 and inserting the 
following:

``5314. Technical assistance and workforce development.''.

SEC. 3010. BICYCLE FACILITIES.

  Section 5319 of title 49, United States Code, is amended--
          (1) by striking ``90 percent'' and inserting ``80 percent''; 
        and
          (2) by striking ``95 percent'' and inserting ``80 percent''.

SEC. 3011. GENERAL PROVISIONS.

  Section 5323 of title 49, United States Code, is amended--
          (1) in subsection (h)--
                  (A) in paragraph (1) by striking ``or'' at the end;
                  (B) by redesignating paragraph (2) as paragraph (3); 
                and
                  (C) by inserting after paragraph (1) the following:
          ``(2) pay incremental costs of incorporating art or 
        landscaping into facilities, including the costs of an artist 
        on the design team; or'';
          (2) in subsection (i) by adding at the end the following:
          ``(3) Acquisition of base-model buses.--A grant for the 
        acquisition of a base-model bus for use in public 
        transportation may be not more than 85 percent of the net 
        project cost.'';
          (3) in subsection (j)(2) by striking subparagraph (C) and 
        inserting the following:
                  ``(C) when procuring rolling stock (including train 
                control, communication, and traction power equipment) 
                under this chapter--
                          ``(i) the cost of components and 
                        subcomponents produced in the United States--
                                  ``(I) for fiscal years 2016 and 2017, 
                                is more than 60 percent of the cost of 
                                all components of the rolling stock;
                                  ``(II) for fiscal years 2018 and 
                                2019, is more than 65 percent of the 
                                cost of all components of the rolling 
                                stock; and
                                  ``(III) for fiscal year 2020 and each 
                                fiscal year thereafter, is more than 70 
                                percent of the cost of all components 
                                of the rolling stock; and
                          ``(ii) final assembly of the rolling stock 
                        has occurred in the United States; or''; and
          (4) by adding at the end the following:
  ``(s) Value Capture Revenue Eligible for Local Share.--A recipient of 
assistance under this chapter may use the revenue generated from value 
capture financing mechanisms as local matching funds for capital 
projects and operating costs eligible under this chapter.
  ``(t) Special Condition on Charter Bus Transportation Service.--If, 
in a fiscal year, the Secretary is prohibited by law from enforcing 
regulations related to charter bus service under part 604 of title 49, 
Code of Federal Regulations, for any transit agency that during fiscal 
year 2008 was both initially granted a 60-day period to come into 
compliance with such part 604, and then was subsequently granted an 
exception from such part--
          ``(1) the transit agency shall be precluded from receiving 
        its allocation of urbanized area formula grant funds for that 
        fiscal year; and
          ``(2) any amounts withheld pursuant to paragraph (1) shall be 
        added to the amount that the Secretary may apportion under 
        section 5336 in the following fiscal year.''.

SEC. 3012. PUBLIC TRANSPORTATION SAFETY PROGRAM.

  Section 5329 of title 49, United States Code, is amended--
          (1) in subsection (b)(2)--
                  (A) in subparagraph (C) by striking ``and'' at the 
                end;
                  (B) by redesignating subparagraph (D) as subparagraph 
                (E); and
                  (C) by inserting after subparagraph (C) the 
                following:
                  ``(D) minimum safety standards to ensure the safe 
                operation of public transportation systems that--
                          ``(i) are not related to performance 
                        standards for public transportation vehicles 
                        developed under subparagraph (C); and
                          ``(ii) to the extent practicable, take into 
                        consideration--
                                  ``(I) relevant recommendations of the 
                                National Transportation Safety Board;
                                  ``(II) best practices standards 
                                developed by the public transportation 
                                industry;
                                  ``(III) any minimum safety standards 
                                or performance criteria being 
                                implemented across the public 
                                transportation industry;
                                  ``(IV) relevant recommendations from 
                                the report under section 3018 of the 
                                Surface Transportation Reauthorization 
                                and Reform Act of 2015; and
                                  ``(V) any additional information that 
                                the Secretary determines necessary and 
                                appropriate;'';
          (2) by striking subsection (f) and inserting the following:
  ``(f) Authority of Secretary.--
          ``(1) In general.--In carrying out this section, the 
        Secretary may--
                  ``(A) conduct inspections, investigations, audits, 
                examinations, and testing of the equipment, facilities, 
                rolling stock, and operations of the public 
                transportation system of a recipient;
                  ``(B) make reports and issue directives with respect 
                to the safety of the public transportation system of a 
                recipient or the public transportation industry 
                generally;
                  ``(C) in conjunction with an accident investigation 
                or an investigation into a pattern or practice of 
                conduct that negatively affects public safety, issue a 
                subpoena to, and take the deposition of, any employee 
                of a recipient or a State safety oversight agency, if--
                          ``(i) before the issuance of the subpoena, 
                        the Secretary requests a determination by the 
                        Attorney General as to whether the subpoena 
                        will interfere with an ongoing criminal 
                        investigation; and
                          ``(ii) the Attorney General--
                                  ``(I) determines that the subpoena 
                                will not interfere with an ongoing 
                                criminal investigation; or
                                  ``(II) fails to make a determination 
                                under clause (i) before the date that 
                                is 30 days after the date on which the 
                                Secretary makes a request under clause 
                                (i);
                  ``(D) require the production of documents by, and 
                prescribe recordkeeping and reporting requirements for, 
                a recipient or a State safety oversight agency;
                  ``(E) investigate public transportation accidents and 
                incidents and provide guidance to recipients regarding 
                prevention of accidents and incidents;
                  ``(F) at reasonable times and in a reasonable manner, 
                enter and inspect relevant records of the public 
                transportation system of a recipient; and
                  ``(G) issue rules to carry out this section.
          ``(2) Additional authority.--
                  ``(A) Administration of state safety oversight 
                activities.--If the Secretary finds that a State safety 
                oversight agency that oversees a rail fixed guideway 
                system operating in more than 2 States has become 
                incapable of providing adequate safety oversight of 
                such system, the Secretary may administer State safety 
                oversight activities for such rail fixed guideway 
                system until the States develop a State safety 
                oversight program certified by the Secretary in 
                accordance with subsection (e).
                  ``(B) Funding.--To carry out administrative and 
                oversight activities authorized by this paragraph, the 
                Secretary may use--
                          ``(i) grant funds apportioned to an eligible 
                        State under subsection (e)(6) to develop or 
                        carry out a State safety oversight program; and
                          ``(ii) grant funds apportioned to an eligible 
                        State under subsection (e)(6) that have not 
                        been obligated within the administrative period 
                        of availability.'';
          (3) in subsection (g)(1)--
                  (A) in the matter preceding subparagraph (A) by 
                striking ``an eligible State, as defined in subsection 
                (e),'' and inserting ``a recipient'';
                  (B) in subparagraph (C) by striking ``and'' at the 
                end;
                  (C) in subparagraph (D) by striking the period at the 
                end and inserting ``; or''; and
                  (D) by adding at the end the following:
                  ``(E) withholding not more than 25 percent of 
                financial assistance under section 5307.''; and
          (4) in subsection (g)(2)--
                  (A) in subparagraph (A)--
                          (i) by inserting after ``funds'' the 
                        following: ``or withhold funds''; and
                          (ii) by inserting ``or (1)(E)'' after 
                        ``paragraph (1)(D)'';
                  (B) by redesignating subparagraph (B) as subparagraph 
                (C); and
                  (C) by inserting after subparagraph (A) the 
                following:
                  ``(B) Limitation.--The Secretary may only withhold 
                funds in accordance with paragraph (1)(E), if 
                enforcement actions under subparagraph (A), (B), (C), 
                or (D) did not bring the recipient into compliance.''.

SEC. 3013. APPORTIONMENTS.

  Section 5336 of title 49, United States Code, is amended--
          (1) in subsection (a) in the matter preceding paragraph (1) 
        by striking ``subsection (h)(4)'' and inserting ``subsection 
        (g)(5)'';
          (2) in subsection (b)(2)(E) by striking ``22.27 percent'' and 
        inserting ``27 percent'';
          (3) by striking subsection (g) and redesignating subsections 
        (h), (i), and (j) as subsections (g), (h), and (i), 
        respectively;
          (4) in subsection (g) (as so redesignated)--
                  (A) in paragraph (2) by striking ``subsection (j)'' 
                and inserting ``subsection (i)''; and
                  (B) by striking paragraph (3) and inserting the 
                following:
          ``(3) of amounts not apportioned under paragraphs (1) and 
        (2)--
                  ``(A) for fiscal years 2016 through 2018, 1.5 percent 
                shall be apportioned to urbanized areas with 
                populations of less than 200,000 in accordance with 
                subsection (h); and
                  ``(B) for fiscal years 2019 through 2021, 2 percent 
                shall be apportioned to urbanized areas with 
                populations of less than 200,000 in accordance with 
                subsection (h);'';
          (5) in subsection (h)(2)(A) (as so redesignated) by striking 
        ``subsection (h)(3)'' and inserting ``subsection (g)(3)''; and
          (6) in subsection (i) (as so redesignated) by striking 
        ``subsection (h)(2)'' and inserting ``subsection (g)(2)''.

SEC. 3014. STATE OF GOOD REPAIR GRANTS.

  Section 5337 of title 49, United States Code, is amended--
          (1) in subsection (d)--
                  (A) in paragraph (1) by striking ``on a facility with 
                access for other high-occupancy vehicles'' and 
                inserting ``on high-occupancy vehicle lanes during peak 
                hours'';
                  (B) in paragraph (2) by inserting ``vehicle'' after 
                ``motorbus''; and
                  (C) by adding at the end the following:
          ``(5) Use of funds.--A recipient in an urbanized area may use 
        any portion of the amount apportioned to the recipient under 
        this subsection for high intensity fixed guideway state of good 
        repair projects under subsection (c) if the recipient 
        demonstrates to the satisfaction of the Secretary that the high 
        intensity motorbus public transportation vehicles in the 
        urbanized area are in a state of good repair.''; and
          (2) by adding at the end the following:
  ``(e) Government Share of Costs.--
          ``(1) Capital projects.--A grant for a capital project under 
        this section shall be for 80 percent of the net project cost of 
        the project. The recipient may provide additional local 
        matching amounts.
          ``(2) Remaining costs.--The remainder of the net project cost 
        shall be provided--
                  ``(A) in cash from non-Government sources other than 
                revenues from providing public transportation services;
                  ``(B) from revenues derived from the sale of 
                advertising and concessions;
                  ``(C) from an undistributed cash surplus, a 
                replacement or depreciation cash fund or reserve, or 
                new capital; or
                  ``(D) from amounts appropriated or otherwise made 
                available to a department or agency of the Government 
                (other than the Department of Transportation) that are 
                eligible to be expended for transportation.''.

SEC. 3015. AUTHORIZATIONS.

  Section 5338 of title 49, United States Code, is amended to read as 
follows:

``Sec. 5338. Authorizations

  ``(a) Formula Grants.--
          ``(1) In general.--There shall be available from the Mass 
        Transit Account of the Highway Trust Fund to carry out sections 
        5305, 5307, 5310, 5311, 5314(c), 5318, 5335, 5337, 5339, and 
        5340, and section 20005(b) of the Federal Public Transportation 
        Act of 2012--
                  ``(A) $8,723,925,000 for fiscal year 2016;
                  ``(B) $8,879,211,000 for fiscal year 2017;
                  ``(C) $9,059,459,000 for fiscal year 2018;
                  ``(D) $9,240,648,000 for fiscal year 2019;
                  ``(E) $9,429,000,000 for fiscal year 2020; and
                  ``(F) $9,617,580,000 for fiscal year 2021.
          ``(2) Allocation of funds.--
                  ``(A) Section 5305.--Of the amounts made available 
                under paragraph (1), there shall be available to carry 
                out section 5305--
                          ``(i) $128,800,000 for fiscal year 2016;
                          ``(ii) $128,800,000 for fiscal year 2017;
                          ``(iii) $131,415,000 for fiscal year 2018;
                          ``(iv) $134,043,000 for fiscal year 2019;
                          ``(v) $136,775,000 for fiscal year 2020; and
                          ``(vi) $139,511,000 for fiscal year 2021.
                  ``(B) Pilot program.--$10,000,000 for each of fiscal 
                years 2016 through 2021, shall be available to carry 
                out section 20005(b) of the Federal Public 
                Transportation Act of 2012;
                  ``(C) Section 5307.--Of the amounts made available 
                under paragraph (1), there shall be allocated in 
                accordance with section 5336 to provide financial 
                assistance for urbanized areas under section 5307--
                          ``(i) $4,458,650,000 for fiscal year 2016;
                          ``(ii) $4,458,650,000 for fiscal year 2017;
                          ``(iii) $4,549,161,000 for fiscal year 2018;
                          ``(iv) $4,640,144,000 for fiscal year 2019;
                          ``(v) $4,734,724,000 for fiscal year 2020; 
                        and
                          ``(vi) $4,829,418,000 for fiscal year 2021.
                  ``(D) Section 5310.--Of the amounts made available 
                under paragraph (1), there shall be available to 
                provide financial assistance for services for the 
                enhanced mobility of seniors and individuals with 
                disabilities under section 5310--
                          ``(i) $262,175,000 for fiscal year 2016;
                          ``(ii) $266,841,000 for fiscal year 2017;
                          ``(iii) $272,258,000 for fiscal year 2018;
                          ``(iv) $277,703,000 for fiscal year 2019;
                          ``(v) $283,364,000 for fiscal year 2020; and
                          ``(vi) $289,031,000 for fiscal year 2021.
                  ``(E) Section 5311.--
                          ``(i) In general.--Of the amounts made 
                        available under paragraph (1), there shall be 
                        available to provide financial assistance for 
                        rural areas under section 5311--
                                  ``(I) $607,800,000 for fiscal year 
                                2016;
                                  ``(II) $607,800,000 for fiscal year 
                                2017;
                                  ``(III) $620,138,000 for fiscal year 
                                2018;
                                  ``(IV) $632,541,000 for fiscal year 
                                2019;
                                  ``(V) $645,434,000 for fiscal year 
                                2020; and
                                  ``(VI) $658,343,000 for fiscal year 
                                2021.
                          ``(ii) Suballocation.--Of the amounts made 
                        available under clause (i)--
                                  ``(I) there shall be available to 
                                carry out section 5311(c)(1) not less 
                                than $30,000,000 for each of fiscal 
                                years 2016 through 2021; and
                                  ``(II) there shall be available to 
                                carry out section 5311(c)(2) not less 
                                than $20,000,000 for each of fiscal 
                                years 2016 through 2021.
                  ``(F) Section 5314(c).--Of the amounts made available 
                under paragraph (1), there shall be available for the 
                national transit institute under section 5314(c) 
                $5,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2016 through 2021.
                  ``(G) Section 5318.--Of the amounts made available 
                under paragraph (1), there shall be available for bus 
                testing under section 5318 $3,000,000 for each of 
                fiscal years 2016 through 2021.
                  ``(H) Section 5335.--Of the amounts made available 
                under paragraph (1), there shall be available to carry 
                out section 5335 $3,850,000 for each of fiscal years 
                2016 through 2021.
                  ``(I) Section 5337.--Of the amounts made available 
                under paragraph (1), there shall be available to carry 
                out section 5337--
                          ``(i) $2,198,389,000 for fiscal year 2016;
                          ``(ii) $2,237,520,000 for fiscal year 2017;
                          ``(iii) $2,282,941,000 for fiscal year 2018;
                          ``(iv) $2,328,600,000 for fiscal year 2019;
                          ``(v) $2,376,064,000 for fiscal year 2020; 
                        and
                          ``(vi) $2,423,585,000 for fiscal year 2021.
                  ``(J) Section 5339(c).--Of the amounts made available 
                under paragraph (1), there shall be available for bus 
                and bus facilities programs under section 5339(c)--
                          ``(i) $430,000,000 for fiscal year 2016;
                          ``(ii) $431,850,000 for fiscal year 2017;
                          ``(iii) $445,120,000 for fiscal year 2018;
                          ``(iv) $458,459,000 for fiscal year 2019;
                          ``(v) $472,326,000 for fiscal year 2020; and
                          ``(vi) $486,210,000 for fiscal year 2021.
                  ``(K) Section 5339(d).--Of the amounts made available 
                under paragraph (1), there shall be available for bus 
                and bus facilities competitive grants under 5339(d)--
                          ``(i) $90,000,000 for fiscal year 2016; and
                          ``(ii) $200,000,000 for each of fiscal years 
                        2017 through 2021.
                  ``(L) Section 5340.--Of the amounts made available 
                under paragraph (1), there shall be allocated in 
                accordance with section 5340 to provide financial 
                assistance for urbanized areas under section 5307 and 
                rural areas under section 5311--
                          ``(i) $525,900,000 for fiscal year 2016;
                          ``(ii) $525,900,000 for fiscal year 2017;
                          ``(iii) $536,576,000 for fiscal year 2018;
                          ``(iv) $547,307,000 for fiscal year 2019;
                          ``(v) $558,463,000 for fiscal year 2020; and
                          ``(vi) $569,632,000 for fiscal year 2021.
  ``(b) Research, Development Demonstration and Deployment Projects.--
There are authorized to be appropriated to carry out section 5312--
          ``(1) $33,495,000 for fiscal year 2016;
          ``(2) $34,091,000 for fiscal year 2017;
          ``(3) $34,783,000 for fiscal year 2018;
          ``(4) $35,479,000 for fiscal year 2019;
          ``(5) $36,202,000 for fiscal year 2020; and
          ``(6) $36,926,000 for fiscal year 2021.
  ``(c) Technical Assistance, Standards, and Workforce Development.--
There are authorized to be appropriated to carry out section 5314--
          ``(1) $6,156,000 for fiscal year 2016;
          ``(2) $8,152,000 for fiscal year 2017;
          ``(3) $10,468,000 for fiscal year 2018;
          ``(4) $12,796,000 for fiscal year 2019;
          ``(5) $15,216,000 for fiscal year 2020; and
          ``(6) $17,639,000 for fiscal year 2021.
  ``(d) Capital Investment Grants.--There are authorized to be 
appropriated to carry out section 5309--
          ``(1) $2,029,000,000 for fiscal year 2016;
          ``(2) $2,065,000,000 for fiscal year 2017;
          ``(3) $2,106,000,000 for fiscal year 2018;
          ``(4) $2,149,000,000 for fiscal year 2019;
          ``(5) $2,193,000,000 for fiscal year 2020; and
          ``(6) $2,237,000,000 for fiscal year 2021.
  ``(e) Administration.--
          ``(1) In general.--There are authorized to be appropriated to 
        carry out section 5334, $105,933,000 for fiscal years 2016 
        through 2021.
          ``(2) Section 5329.--Of the amounts authorized to be 
        appropriated under paragraph (1), not less than $4,500,000 for 
        each of fiscal years 2016 through 2021 shall be available to 
        carry out section 5329.
          ``(3) Section 5326.--Of the amounts made available under 
        paragraph (1), not less than $1,000,000 for each of fiscal 
        years 2016 through 2021 shall be available to carry out section 
        5326.
  ``(f) Period of Availability.--Amounts made available by or 
appropriated under this section shall remain available for obligation 
for a period of 3 years after the last day of the fiscal year for which 
the funds are authorized.
  ``(g) Grants as Contractual Obligations.--
          ``(1) Grants financed from highway trust fund.--A grant or 
        contract that is approved by the Secretary and financed with 
        amounts made available from the Mass Transit Account of the 
        Highway Trust Fund pursuant to this section is a contractual 
        obligation of the Government to pay the Government share of the 
        cost of the project.
          ``(2) Grants financed from general fund.--A grant or contract 
        that is approved by the Secretary and financed with amounts 
        appropriated in advance from the general fund of the Treasury 
        pursuant to this section is a contractual obligation of the 
        Government to pay the Government share of the cost of the 
        project only to the extent that amounts are appropriated for 
        such purpose by an Act of Congress.
  ``(h) Oversight.--
          ``(1) In general.--Of the amounts made available to carry out 
        this chapter for a fiscal year, the Secretary may use not more 
        than the following amounts for the activities described in 
        paragraph (2):
                  ``(A) 0.5 percent of amounts made available to carry 
                out section 5305.
                  ``(B) 0.75 percent of amounts made available to carry 
                out section 5307.
                  ``(C) 1 percent of amounts made available to carry 
                out section 5309.
                  ``(D) 1 percent of amounts made available to carry 
                out section 601 of the Passenger Rail Investment and 
                Improvement Act of 2008 (Public Law 110-432; 122 Stat. 
                4968).
                  ``(E) 0.5 percent of amounts made available to carry 
                out section 5310.
                  ``(F) 0.5 percent of amounts made available to carry 
                out section 5311.
                  ``(G) 0.75 percent of amounts made available to carry 
                out section 5337(c), of which not less than 0.25 
                percent shall be available to carry out section 5329.
                  ``(H) 0.75 percent of amounts made available to carry 
                out section 5339.
          ``(2) Activities.--The activities described in this paragraph 
        are as follows:
                  ``(A) Activities to oversee the construction of a 
                major capital project.
                  ``(B) Activities to review and audit the safety and 
                security, procurement, management, and financial 
                compliance of a recipient or subrecipient of funds 
                under this chapter.
                  ``(C) Activities to provide technical assistance 
                generally, and to provide technical assistance to 
                correct deficiencies identified in compliance reviews 
                and audits carried out under this section.
          ``(3) Government share of costs.--The Government shall pay 
        the entire cost of carrying out a contract under this 
        subsection.
          ``(4) Availability of certain funds.--Funds made available 
        under paragraph (1)(C) shall be available to the Secretary 
        before allocating the funds appropriated to carry out any 
        project under a full funding grant agreement.''.

SEC. 3016. BUS AND BUS FACILITY GRANTS.

  (a) In General.--Section 5339 of title 49, United States Code, is 
amended to read as follows:

``Sec. 5339. Bus and bus facility grants

  ``(a) General Authority.--The Secretary may make grants under this 
section to assist eligible recipients described in subsection (b)(1) in 
financing capital projects--
          ``(1) to replace, rehabilitate, and purchase buses and 
        related equipment; and
          ``(2) to construct bus-related facilities.
  ``(b) Eligible Recipients and Subrecipients.--
          ``(1) Recipients.--Eligible recipients under this section are 
        designated recipients that operate fixed route bus service or 
        that allocate funding to fixed route bus operators.
          ``(2) Subrecipients.--A designated recipient that receives a 
        grant under this section may allocate amounts of the grant to 
        subrecipients that are public agencies or private nonprofit 
        organizations engaged in public transportation.
  ``(c) Formula Grant Distribution of Funds.--
          ``(1) In general.--Funds made available for making grants 
        under this subsection shall be distributed as follows:
                  ``(A) National distribution.--$65,500,000 for each of 
                fiscal years 2016 through 2021 shall be allocated to 
                all States and territories, with each State receiving 
                $1,250,000, and each territory receiving $500,000, for 
                each such fiscal year.
                  ``(B) Distribution using population and service 
                factors.--The remainder of the funds not otherwise 
                distributed under paragraph (1) shall be allocated 
                pursuant to the formula set forth in section 5336 
                (other than subsection (b) of that section).
          ``(2) Transfers of apportionments.--
                  ``(A) Transfer flexibility for national distribution 
                funds.--The Governor of a State may transfer any part 
                of the State's apportionment under subparagraph (A) to 
                supplement--
                          ``(i) amounts apportioned to the State under 
                        section 5311(c); or
                          ``(ii) amounts apportioned to urbanized areas 
                        under subsections (a) and (c) of section 5336.
                  ``(B) Transfer flexibility for population and service 
                factors funds.--The Governor of a State may expend in 
                an urbanized area with a population of less than 
                200,000 any amounts apportioned under paragraph (1)(B) 
                that are not allocated to designated recipients in 
                urbanized areas with a population of 200,000 or more.
          ``(3) Period of availability to recipients.--
                  ``(A) In general.--Amounts made available under this 
                subsection may be obligated by a recipient for 3 years 
                after the fiscal year in which the amount is 
                apportioned.
                  ``(B) Reapportionment of unobligated amounts.--Not 
                later than 30 days after the end of the 3-year period 
                described in subparagraph (A), any amount that is not 
                obligated on the last day of that period shall be added 
                to the amount that may be apportioned under this 
                subsection in the next fiscal year.
          ``(4) Pilot program for cost-effective capital investment.--
                  ``(A) In general.--For each of fiscal years 2016 
                through 2021, the Secretary shall carry out a pilot 
                program under which an eligible designated recipient 
                (as described in subsection (c)(1)) in an urbanized 
                area with population of not less than 200,000 and not 
                more than 999,999 may elect to participate in a State 
                pool in accordance with this paragraph.
                  ``(B) Purpose of state pools.--The purpose of a State 
                pool shall be to allow for transfers of formula grant 
                funds made available under this subsection among the 
                designated recipients participating in the State pool 
                in a manner that supports the transit asset management 
                plans of the designated recipients under section 5326.
                  ``(C) Requests for participation.--A State, and 
                designated recipients in the State described in 
                subparagraph (A), may submit to the Secretary a request 
                for participation in the program under procedures to be 
                established by the Secretary. A designated recipient 
                for a multistate area may participate in only 1 State 
                pool.
                  ``(D) Allocations to participating states.--For each 
                fiscal year, the Secretary shall allocate to each State 
                participating in the program the total amount of funds 
                that otherwise would be allocated to the urbanized 
                areas of the designated recipients participating in the 
                State's pool for that fiscal year pursuant to the 
                formula referred to in paragraph (1).
                  ``(E) Allocations to designated recipients in state 
                pools.--A State shall distribute the amount that is 
                allocated to the State for a fiscal year under 
                subparagraph (D) among the designated recipients 
                participating in the State's pool in a manner that 
                supports the transit asset management plans of the 
                recipients under section 5326.
                  ``(F) Allocation plans.--A State participating in the 
                program shall develop an allocation plan for the period 
                of fiscal years 2016 through 2021 to ensure that a 
                designated recipient participating in the State's pool 
                receives under the program an amount of funds that 
                equals the amount of funds that would have otherwise 
                been available to the designated recipient for that 
                period pursuant to the formula referred to in paragraph 
                (1).
                  ``(G) Grants.--The Secretary shall make grants under 
                this subsection for a fiscal year to a designated 
                recipient participating in a State pool following 
                notification by the State of the allocation amount 
                determined under subparagraph (E).
  ``(d) Competitive Grants for Bus State of Good Repair.--
          ``(1) In general.--The Secretary may make grants under this 
        subsection to eligible recipients described in subsection 
        (b)(1) to assist in financing capital projects described in 
        subsection (a).
          ``(2) Grant considerations.--In making grants under this 
        subsection, the Secretary shall consider the age and condition 
        of buses, bus fleets, related equipment, and bus-related 
        facilities of an eligible recipient.
          ``(3) Statewide applications.--A State may submit a statewide 
        application on behalf of a public agency or private nonprofit 
        organization engaged in public transportation in rural areas or 
        other areas for which the State allocates funds. The submission 
        of a statewide application shall not preclude the submission 
        and consideration of any application under this subsection from 
        other eligible recipients in an urbanized area in a State.
          ``(4) Requirements for secretary.--The Secretary shall--
                  ``(A) disclose all metrics and evaluation procedures 
                to be used in considering grant applications under this 
                subsection upon issuance of the notice of funding 
                availability in the Federal Register; and
                  ``(B) publish a summary of final scores for selected 
                projects, metrics, and other evaluations used in 
                awarding grants under this subsection in the Federal 
                Register.
          ``(5) Availability of funds.--Any amounts made available to 
        carry out this subsection--
                  ``(A) shall remain available for 2 fiscal years after 
                the fiscal year for which the amount is made available; 
                and
                  ``(B) following the period of availability shall be 
                made available to be apportioned under subsection (c) 
                for the following fiscal year.
          ``(6) Limitation.--Of the amounts made available under this 
        subsection, not more than 15 percent in fiscal year 2016 and 
        not more than 5 percent in each of fiscal years 2017 through 
        2021 may be awarded to a single recipient.
          ``(7) Grant flexibility.--If the Secretary determines that 
        there are not sufficient grant applications that meet the 
        metrics described in paragraph (4)(A) to utilize the full 
        amount of funds made available to carry out this subsection for 
        a fiscal year, the Secretary may use the remainder of the funds 
        for making apportionments under sections 5307 and 5311.
  ``(e) Generally Applicable Provisions.--
          ``(1) Grant requirements.--A grant under this section shall 
        be subject to the requirements of--
                  ``(A) section 5307 for recipients of grants made in 
                urbanized areas; and
                  ``(B) section 5311 for recipients of grants made in 
                rural areas.
          ``(2) Government's share of costs.--
                  ``(A) Capital projects.--A grant for a capital 
                project under this section shall be for 80 percent of 
                the net capital costs of the project. A recipient of a 
                grant under this section may provide additional local 
                matching amounts.
                  ``(B) Remaining costs.--The remainder of the net 
                project cost shall be provided--
                          ``(i) in cash from non-Government sources 
                        other than revenues from providing public 
                        transportation services;
                          ``(ii) from revenues derived from the sale of 
                        advertising and concessions;
                          ``(iii) from an undistributed cash surplus, a 
                        replacement or depreciation cash fund or 
                        reserve, or new capital; or
                          ``(iv) from amounts received under a service 
                        agreement with a State or local social service 
                        agency or private social service organization.
  ``(f) Definitions.--In this section, the following definitions apply:
          ``(1) State.--The term `State' means a State of the United 
        States.
          ``(2) Territory.--The term `territory' means the District of 
        Columbia, Puerto Rico, the Northern Mariana Islands, Guam, 
        American Samoa, and the United States Virgin Islands.''.
  (b) Clerical Amendment.--The analysis for chapter 53 of title 49, 
United States Code, is amended by striking the item relating to section 
5339 and inserting the following:

``5339. Bus and bus facility grants.''.

SEC. 3017. OBLIGATION CEILING.

  Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the total of all 
obligations from amounts made available from the Mass Transit Account 
of the Highway Trust Fund by subsection (a) of section 5338 of title 
49, United States Code, shall not exceed--
          (1) $8,724,000,000 in fiscal year 2016;
          (2) $8,879,000,000 in fiscal year 2017;
          (3) $9,059,000,000 in fiscal year 2018;
          (4) $9,240,000,000 in fiscal year 2019;
          (5) $9,429,000,000 in fiscal year 2020; and
          (6) $9,618,000,000 in fiscal year 2021.

SEC. 3018. INNOVATIVE PROCUREMENT.

  (a) Definitions.--In this section, the following definitions apply:
          (1) Cooperative procurement contract.--The term ``cooperative 
        procurement contract'' means a contract--
                  (A) entered into between a State government and 1 or 
                more vendors; and
                  (B) under which the vendors agree to provide an 
                option to purchase rolling stock and related equipment 
                to multiple participants.
          (2) Lead procurement agency.--The term ``lead procurement 
        agency'' means a State government that acts in an 
        administrative capacity on behalf of each participant in a 
        cooperative procurement contract.
          (3) Participant.--The term ``participant'' means a grantee 
        that participates in a cooperative procurement contract.
          (4) Participate.--The term ``participate'' means to purchase 
        rolling stock and related equipment under a cooperative 
        procurement contract using assistance provided under chapter 53 
        of title 49, United States Code.
          (5) Grantee.--The term ``grantee'' means a recipient and 
        subrecipient of assistance under chapter 53 of title 49, United 
        States Code.
  (b) Cooperative Procurement.--
          (1) General rules.--
                  (A) Procurement not limited to intrastate 
                participants.--A grantee may participate in a 
                cooperative procurement contract without regard to 
                whether the grantee is located in the same State as the 
                parties to the contract.
                  (B) Voluntary participation.--Participation by 
                grantees in a cooperative procurement contract shall be 
                voluntary.
          (2) Authority.--A State government may enter into a 
        cooperative procurement contract with 1 or more vendors if the 
        vendors agree to provide an option to purchase rolling stock 
        and related equipment to the lead procurement agency and any 
        other participant.
          (3) Applicability of policies and procedures.--In procuring 
        rolling stock and related equipment under a cooperative 
        procurement contract under this subsection, a lead procurement 
        agency shall comply with the policies and procedures that apply 
        to procurement by the State government when using non-Federal 
        funds, to the extent that the policies and procedures are in 
        conformance with applicable Federal law.
  (c) Joint Procurement Clearinghouse.--
          (1) In general.--The Secretary shall establish a 
        clearinghouse for the purpose of allowing grantees to aggregate 
        planned rolling stock purchases and identify joint procurement 
        participants.
          (2) Information on procurements.--The clearinghouse may 
        include information on bus size, engine type, floor type, and 
        any other attributes necessary to identify joint procurement 
        participants.
          (3) Limitations.--
                  (A) Access.--The clearinghouse shall only be 
                accessible to the Federal Transit Administration and 
                grantees.
                  (B) Participation.--No grantees shall be required to 
                submit procurement information to the database.

SEC. 3019. REVIEW OF PUBLIC TRANSPORTATION SAFETY STANDARDS.

          (1) Review required.--
                  (A) In general.--Not later than 90 days after the 
                date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall 
                begin a review of the safety standards and protocols 
                used in public transportation systems in the United 
                States that examines the efficacy of existing standards 
                and protocols.
                  (B) Contents of review.--In conducting the review 
                under this paragraph, the Secretary shall review--
                          (i) minimum safety performance standards 
                        developed by the public transportation 
                        industry;
                          (ii) safety performance standards, practices, 
                        or protocols in use by rail fixed guideway 
                        public transportation systems, including--
                                  (I) written emergency plans and 
                                procedures for passenger evacuations;
                                  (II) training programs to ensure 
                                public transportation personnel 
                                compliance and readiness in emergency 
                                situations;
                                  (III) coordination plans approved by 
                                recipients with local emergency 
                                responders having jurisdiction over a 
                                rail fixed guideway public 
                                transportation system, including--
                                          (aa) emergency preparedness 
                                        training, drills, and 
                                        familiarization programs for 
                                        the first responders; and
                                          (bb) the scheduling of 
                                        regular field exercises to 
                                        ensure appropriate response and 
                                        effective radio and public 
                                        safety communications;
                                  (IV) maintenance, testing, and 
                                inspection programs to ensure the 
                                proper functioning of--
                                          (aa) tunnel, station, and 
                                        vehicle ventilation systems;
                                          (bb) signal and train control 
                                        systems, track, mechanical 
                                        systems, and other 
                                        infrastructure; and
                                          (cc) other systems as 
                                        necessary;
                                  (V) certification requirements for 
                                train and bus operators and control 
                                center employees;
                                  (VI) consensus-based standards, 
                                practices, or protocols available to 
                                the public transportation industry; and
                                  (VII) any other standards, practices, 
                                or protocols the Secretary determines 
                                appropriate; and
                          (iii) rail and bus safety standards, 
                        practices, or protocols in use by public 
                        transportation systems, regarding--
                                  (I) rail and bus design and the 
                                workstation of rail and bus operators, 
                                as it relates to--
                                          (aa) the reduction of 
                                        blindspots that contribute to 
                                        accidents involving 
                                        pedestrians; and
                                          (bb) protecting rail and bus 
                                        operators from the risk of 
                                        assault;
                                  (II) scheduling fixed route rail and 
                                bus service with adequate time and 
                                access for operators to use restroom 
                                facilities;
                                  (III) fatigue management; and
                                  (IV) crash avoidance and worthiness.
          (2) Evaluation.--After conducting the review under paragraph 
        (1), the Secretary shall, in consultation with representatives 
        of the public transportation industry, evaluate the need to 
        establish additional Federal minimum public transportation 
        safety standards.
          (3) Report.--After completing the review and evaluation 
        required under paragraphs (1) and (2), but not later than 1 
        year after the date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary 
        shall make available on a publicly accessible Web site, a 
        report that includes--
                  (A) findings based on the review conducted under 
                paragraph (1);
                  (B) the outcome of the evaluation conducted under 
                paragraph (2);
                  (C) a comprehensive set of recommendations to improve 
                the safety of the public transportation industry, 
                including recommendations for statutory changes if 
                applicable; and
                  (D) actions that the Secretary will take to address 
                the recommendations provided under subparagraph (C), 
                including, if necessary, the authorities under section 
                5329(b)(2)(D) of chapter 53 of title 49, United States 
                Code.

SEC. 3020. STUDY ON EVIDENTIARY PROTECTION FOR PUBLIC TRANSPORTATION 
                    SAFETY PROGRAM INFORMATION.

  (a) Study.--The Comptroller General shall complete a study to 
evaluate whether it is in the public interest, including public safety 
and the legal rights of persons injured in public transportation 
accidents, to withhold from discovery or admission into evidence in a 
Federal or State court proceeding any plan, report, data, or other 
information or portion thereof, submitted to, developed, produced, 
collected, or obtained by the Secretary or the Secretary's 
representative for purposes of complying with the requirements under 
section 5329 of chapter 53 of title 49, United States Code, including 
information related to a recipient's safety plan, safety risks, and 
mitigation measures.
  (b) Input.--In conducting the study under subsection (a), the 
Comptroller General shall solicit input from the public transportation 
recipients, public transportation nonprofit employee labor 
organizations, and impacted members of the general public.
  (c) Report.--Not later than 18 months after the date of enactment of 
this section, the Comptroller General shall issue a report, with the 
findings of the study under subsection (a), including any 
recommendations on statutory changes regarding evidentiary protections 
that will increase transit safety.

SEC. 3021. MOBILITY OF SENIORS AND INDIVIDUALS WITH DISABILITIES.

  (a) Definitions.--In this section, the following definitions apply:
          (1) Allocated cost model.--The term ``allocated cost model'' 
        means a method of determining the cost of trips by allocating 
        the cost to each trip purpose served by a transportation 
        provider in a manner that is proportional to the level of 
        transportation service that the transportation provider 
        delivers for each trip purpose, to the extent permitted by 
        applicable Federal laws.
          (2) Council.--The term ``Council'' means the Interagency 
        Transportation Coordinating Council on Access and Mobility 
        established under Executive Order 13330 (49 U.S.C. 101 note).
  (b) Strategic Plan.--Not later than 1 year after the date of 
enactment of this Act, the Council shall publish a strategic plan for 
the Council that--
          (1) outlines the role and responsibilities of each Federal 
        agency with respect to local transportation coordination, 
        including nonemergency medical transportation;
          (2) identifies a strategy to strengthen interagency 
        collaboration;
          (3) addresses any outstanding recommendations made by the 
        Council in the 2005 Report to the President relating to the 
        implementation of Executive Order 13330, including--
                  (A) a cost-sharing policy endorsed by the Council; 
                and
                  (B) recommendations to increase participation by 
                recipients of Federal grants in locally developed, 
                coordinated planning processes;
          (4) to the extent feasible, addresses recommendations by the 
        Comptroller General of the United States concerning local 
        coordination of transportation services;
          (5) examines and proposes changes to Federal regulations that 
        will eliminate Federal barriers to local transportation 
        coordination, including non-emergency medical transportation; 
        and
          (6) recommends to Congress changes to Federal laws, except 
        chapter 53 of title 49, United States Code, that will eliminate 
        Federal barriers to local transportation coordination, 
        including nonemergency medical transportation.
  (c) Development of Cost-Sharing Policy in Compliance With Applicable 
Federal Laws.--In establishing the cost-sharing policy required under 
subsection (b), the Council may consider, to the extent practicable--
          (1) the development of recommended strategies for grantees of 
        programs funded by members of the Council, including strategies 
        for grantees of programs that fund nonemergency medical 
        transportation, to use the cost-sharing policy in a manner that 
        does not violate applicable Federal laws; and
          (2) incorporation of an allocated cost model to facilitate 
        local coordination efforts that comply with applicable 
        requirements of programs funded by members of the Council, such 
        as--
                  (A) eligibility requirements;
                  (B) service delivery requirements; and
                  (C) reimbursement requirements.

SEC. 3022. IMPROVED TRANSIT SAFETY MEASURES.

  (a) Requirements.--Not later than 90 days after publication of the 
report required in section 3019, the Secretary shall issue a notice of 
proposed rulemaking on protecting transit operators from the risk of 
assault.
  (b) Consideration.--In the proposed rulemaking the Secretary shall 
consider--
          (1) different safety needs of drivers of different modes;
          (2) differences in operating environments;
          (3) the use of technology to mitigate driver assault risks;
          (4) existing experience, from both agencies and operators who 
        already are using or testing driver assault mitigation 
        infrastructure; and
          (5) the impact of the rule on future rolling stock 
        procurements and vehicles currently in revenue service.
  (c) Savings Clause.--Nothing in this section may be construed as 
prohibiting the Secretary from issuing different comprehensive worker 
protections, including standards for mitigating assaults.

SEC. 3023. PARATRANSIT SYSTEM UNDER FTA APPROVED COORDINATED PLAN.

  Notwithstanding the provisions of part 37.131(c) of title 49, Code of 
Federal Regulations, any paratransit system currently coordinating 
complementary paratransit service for more than 40 fixed route agencies 
shall be permitted to continue using an existing tiered, distance-based 
coordinated paratransit fare system.

                        TITLE IV--HIGHWAY SAFETY

SEC. 4001. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

  (a) In General.--The following sums are authorized to be appropriated 
out of the Highway Trust Fund (other than the Mass Transit Account):
          (1) Highway safety programs.--For carrying out section 402 of 
        title 23, United States Code--
                  (A) $260,274,200 for fiscal year 2016;
                  (B) $265,935,829 for fiscal year 2017;
                  (C) $271,787,002 for fiscal year 2018;
                  (D) $278,090,300 for fiscal year 2019;
                  (E) $284,874,829 for fiscal year 2020; and
                  (F) $291,195,558 for fiscal year 2021.
          (2) Highway safety research and development.--For carrying 
        out section 403 of title 23, United States Code--
                  (A) $115,951,600 for fiscal year 2016;
                  (B) $118,398,179 for fiscal year 2017;
                  (C) $121,665,968 for fiscal year 2018;
                  (D) $124,926,616 for fiscal year 2019;
                  (E) $128,187,201 for fiscal year 2020; and
                  (F) $131,455,975 for fiscal year 2021.
          (3) National priority safety programs.--For carrying out 
        section 405 of title 23, United States Code--
                  (A) $275,862,400 for fiscal year 2016;
                  (B) $281,186,544 for fiscal year 2017;
                  (C) $286,500,970 for fiscal year 2018;
                  (D) $292,316,940 for fiscal year 2019;
                  (E) $298,601,754 for fiscal year 2020; and
                  (F) $304,394,628 for fiscal year 2021.
          (4) National driver register.--For the National Highway 
        Traffic Safety Administration to carry out chapter 303 of title 
        49, United States Code--
                  (A) $5,000,000 for fiscal year 2016;
                  (B) $5,000,000 for fiscal year 2017;
                  (C) $5,000,000 for fiscal year 2018;
                  (D) $5,000,000 for fiscal year 2019;
                  (E) $5,000,000 for fiscal year 2020; and
                  (F) $5,000,000 for fiscal year 2021.
          (5) High-visibility enforcement program.--For carrying out 
        section 404 of title 23, United States Code--
                  (A) $29,411,800 for fiscal year 2016;
                  (B) $29,979,448 for fiscal year 2017;
                  (C) $30,546,059 for fiscal year 2018;
                  (D) $31,166,144 for fiscal year 2019;
                  (E) $31,836,216 for fiscal year 2020; and
                  (F) $32,453,839 for fiscal year 2021.
          (6) Administrative expenses.--For administrative and related 
        operating expenses of the National Highway Traffic Safety 
        Administration in carrying out chapter 4 of title 23, United 
        States Code, and this title--
                  (A) $25,500,000 for fiscal year 2016;
                  (B) $25,500,000 for fiscal year 2017;
                  (C) $25,500,000 for fiscal year 2018;
                  (D) $25,500,000 for fiscal year 2019;
                  (E) $25,500,000 for fiscal year 2020; and
                  (F) $25,500,000 for fiscal year 2021.
  (b) Prohibition on Other Uses.--Except as otherwise provided in 
chapter 4 of title 23, United States Code, and chapter 303 of title 49, 
United States Code, the amounts made available from the Highway Trust 
Fund (other than the Mass Transit Account) for a program under such 
chapters--
          (1) shall only be used to carry out such program; and
          (2) may not be used by States or local governments for 
        construction purposes.
  (c) Applicability of Title 23.--Except as otherwise provided in 
chapter 4 of title 23, United States Code, and chapter 303 of title 49, 
United States Code, amounts made available under subsection (a) for 
fiscal years 2016 through 2021 shall be available for obligation in the 
same manner as if such funds were apportioned under chapter 1 of title 
23, United States Code.
  (d) State Matching Requirements.--If a grant awarded under chapter 4 
of title 23, United States Code, requires a State to share in the cost, 
the aggregate of all expenditures for highway safety activities made 
during a fiscal year by the State and its political subdivisions 
(exclusive of Federal funds) for carrying out the grant (other than 
planning and administration) that are in excess of the amount required 
under Federal law shall be available for the purpose of crediting the 
State during such fiscal year for the non-Federal share of the cost of 
any other project carried out under chapter 4 of title 23, United 
States Code (other than planning or administration), without regard to 
whether such expenditures were made in connection with such project.
  (e) Grant Application and Deadline.--To receive a grant under chapter 
4 of title 23, United States Code, a State shall submit an application, 
and the Secretary shall establish a single deadline for such 
applications to enable the award of grants early in the next fiscal 
year.

SEC. 4002. HIGHWAY SAFETY PROGRAMS.

  Section 402 of title 23, United States Code, is amended--
          (1) in subsection (a)(2)(A)--
                  (A) in clause (vi) by striking ``and'' at the end;
                  (B) in clause (vii) by inserting ``and'' after the 
                semicolon; and
                  (C) by adding at the end the following:
                          ``(viii) to increase driver awareness of 
                        commercial motor vehicles to prevent crashes 
                        and reduce injuries and fatalities;'';
          (2) in subsection (c)(4), by adding at the end the following:
                  ``(C) Survey.--A State shall expend funds apportioned 
                to that State under this section to conduct a biennial 
                survey that the Secretary shall make publicly available 
                through the Internet Web site of the Department of 
                Transportation that includes--
                          ``(i) a list of automated traffic enforcement 
                        systems in the State;
                          ``(ii) adequate data to measure the 
                        transparency, accountability, and safety 
                        attributes of each automated traffic 
                        enforcement system; and
                          ``(iii) a comparison of each automated 
                        traffic enforcement system with--
                                  ``(I) Speed Enforcement Camera 
                                Systems Operational Guidelines (DOT HS 
                                810 916, March 2008); and
                                  ``(II) Red Light Camera Systems 
                                Operational Guidelines (FHWA-SA-05-002, 
                                January 2005).'';
          (3) by striking subsection (g) and inserting the following:
  ``(g) Restriction.--Nothing in this section may be construed to 
authorize the appropriation or expenditure of funds for highway 
construction, maintenance, or design (other than design of safety 
features of highways to be incorporated into guidelines).'';
          (4) in subsection (k)--
                  (A) by redesignating paragraphs (3) through (5) as 
                paragraphs (4) through (6), respectively; and
                  (B) by inserting after paragraph (2) the following:
          ``(3) Electronic submission.--The Secretary, in coordination 
        with the Governors Highway Safety Association, shall develop 
        procedures to allow States to submit highway safety plans under 
        this subsection, including any attachments to the plans, in 
        electronic form.''; and
          (5) in subsection (m)(2)(A)--
                  (A) in clause (iv) by striking ``and'' at the end; 
                and
                  (B) by adding at the end the following:
                          ``(vi) increase driver awareness of 
                        commercial motor vehicles to prevent crashes 
                        and reduce injuries and fatalities; and''.

SEC. 4003. HIGHWAY SAFETY RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT.

  Section 403 of title 23, United States Code, is amended--
          (1) in subsection (b)(1)--
                  (A) in subparagraph (E) by striking ``and'' at the 
                end;
                  (B) by redesignating subparagraph (F) as subparagraph 
                (G);
                  (C) by inserting after subparagraph (E) the 
                following:
                  ``(F) the installation of ignition interlocks in the 
                United States; and''; and
                  (D) in subparagraph (G), as so redesignated, by 
                striking ``in subparagraphs (A) through (E)'' and 
                inserting ``in subparagraphs (A) through (F)'';
          (2) in subsection (h) by striking paragraph (2) and inserting 
        the following:
          ``(2) Funding.--The Secretary shall obligate for each of 
        fiscal years 2016 through 2021, from funds made available to 
        carry out this section, except that the total obligated for the 
        period covering fiscal years 2016 through 2021 may not exceed 
        $32,000,000, to conduct the research described in paragraph 
        (1).''; and
          (3) by adding at the end the following:
  ``(i) Limitation on Drug and Alcohol Survey Data.--The Secretary 
shall establish procedures and guidelines to ensure that any person 
participating in a program or activity that collects data on drug or 
alcohol use by drivers of motor vehicles and is carried out under this 
section is informed that the program or activity is voluntary.
  ``(j) Federal Share.--The Federal share of the cost of any project or 
activity carried out under this section may be not more than 100 
percent.''.

SEC. 4004. HIGH-VISIBILITY ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM.

  (a) In General.--Section 404 of title 23, United States Code, is 
amended to read as follows:

``Sec. 404. High visibility enforcement program

  ``(a) In General.--The Administrator of the National Highway Traffic 
Safety Administration shall establish and administer a program under 
which not less than 3 campaigns will be carried out in each of fiscal 
years 2016 through 2021.
  ``(b) Purpose.--The purpose of each campaign carried out under this 
section shall be to achieve outcomes related to not less than 1 of the 
following objectives:
          ``(1) Reduce alcohol-impaired or drug-impaired operation of 
        motor vehicles.
          ``(2) Increase use of seatbelts by occupants of motor 
        vehicles.
          ``(3) Reduce distracted driving of motor vehicles.
  ``(c) Advertising.--The Administrator may use, or authorize the use 
of, funds available to carry out this section to pay for the 
development, production, and use of broadcast and print media 
advertising and Internet-based outreach in carrying out campaigns under 
this section. Consideration shall be given to advertising directed at 
non-English speaking populations, including those who listen to, read, 
or watch nontraditional media.
  ``(d) Coordination With States.--The Administrator shall coordinate 
with States in carrying out the campaigns under this section, including 
advertising funded under subsection (c), with consideration given to--
          ``(1) relying on States to provide law enforcement resources 
        for the campaigns out of funding available under sections 402 
        and 405; and
          ``(2) providing out of National Highway Traffic Safety 
        Administration resources most of the means necessary for 
        national advertising and education efforts associated with the 
        campaigns.
  ``(e) Use of Funds.--Funds made available to carry out this section 
may only be used for activities described in subsection (c).
  ``(f) Definitions.--In this section, the following definitions apply:
          ``(1) Campaign.--The term `campaign' means a high-visibility 
        traffic safety law enforcement campaign.
          ``(2) State.--The term `State' has the meaning such term has 
        under section 401.''.
  (b) Clerical Amendment.--The analysis for chapter 4 of title 23, 
United States Code, is amended by striking the item relating to section 
404 and inserting the following:

``404. High-visibility enforcement program.''.

SEC. 4005. NATIONAL PRIORITY SAFETY PROGRAMS.

  (a) General Authority.--Section 405(a) of title 23, United States 
Code, is amended to read as follows:
  ``(a) General Authority.--Subject to the requirements of this 
section, the Secretary of Transportation shall manage programs to 
address national priorities for reducing highway deaths and injuries. 
Funds shall be allocated according to the following:
          ``(1) Occupant protection.--In each fiscal year, 13 percent 
        of the funds provided under this section shall be allocated 
        among States that adopt and implement effective occupant 
        protection programs to reduce highway deaths and injuries 
        resulting from individuals riding unrestrained or improperly 
        restrained in motor vehicles (as described in subsection (b)).
          ``(2) State traffic safety information system improvements.--
        In each fiscal year, 14.5 percent of the funds provided under 
        this section shall be allocated among States that meet 
        requirements with respect to State traffic safety information 
        system improvements (as described in subsection (c)).
          ``(3) Impaired driving countermeasures.--In each fiscal year, 
        52.5 percent of the funds provided under this section shall be 
        allocated among States that meet requirements with respect to 
        impaired driving countermeasures (as described in subsection 
        (d)).
          ``(4) Distracted driving.--In each fiscal year, 8.5 percent 
        of the funds provided under this section shall be allocated 
        among States that adopt and implement effective laws to reduce 
        distracted driving (as described in subsection (e)).
          ``(5) Motorcyclist safety.--In each fiscal year, 1.5 percent 
        of the funds provided under this section shall be allocated 
        among States that implement motorcyclist safety programs (as 
        described in subsection (f)).
          ``(6) State graduated driver licensing laws.--In each fiscal 
        year, 5 percent of the funds provided under this section shall 
        be allocated among States that adopt and implement graduated 
        driver licensing laws (as described in subsection (g)).
          ``(7) Nonmotorized safety.--In each fiscal year, 5 percent of 
        the funds provided under this section shall be allocated among 
        States that meet requirements with respect to nonmotorized 
        safety (as described in subsection (h)).
          ``(8) Transfers.--Notwithstanding paragraphs (1) through (7), 
        the Secretary may reallocate, before the last day of any fiscal 
        year, any amounts remaining available to carry out any of the 
        activities described in subsections (b) through (h) to increase 
        the amount made available under section 402, in order to 
        ensure, to the maximum extent possible, that all such amounts 
        are obligated during such fiscal year.
          ``(9) Maintenance of effort.--
                  ``(A) Requirements.--No grant may be made to a State 
                in any fiscal year under subsection (b), (c), or (d) 
                unless the State enters into such agreements with the 
                Secretary as the Secretary may require to ensure that 
                the State will maintain its aggregate expenditures from 
                all State and local sources for programs described in 
                those subsections at or above the average level of such 
                expenditures in the 2 fiscal years preceding the date 
                of enactment of this paragraph.
                  ``(B) Waiver.--Upon the request of a State, the 
                Secretary may waive or modify the requirements under 
                subparagraph (A) for not more than 1 fiscal year if the 
                Secretary determines that such a waiver would be 
                equitable due to exceptional or uncontrollable 
                circumstances.''.
  (b) High Seatbelt Use Rate.--Section 405(b)(4)(B) of title 23, United 
States Code, is amended by striking ``75 percent'' and inserting ``100 
percent''.
  (c) Impaired Driving Countermeasures.--Section 405(d) of title 23, 
United States Code, is amended--
          (1) by striking paragraph (4) and inserting the following:
          ``(4) Use of grant amounts.--
                  ``(A) Required programs.--High-range States shall use 
                grant funds for--
                          ``(i) high-visibility enforcement efforts; 
                        and
                          ``(ii) any of the activities described in 
                        subparagraph (B) if--
                                  ``(I) the activity is described in 
                                the statewide plan; and
                                  ``(II) the Secretary approves the use 
                                of funding for such activity.
                  ``(B) Authorized programs.--Medium-range and low-
                range States may use grant funds for--
                          ``(i) any of the purposes described in 
                        subparagraph (A);
                          ``(ii) hiring a full-time or part-time 
                        impaired driving coordinator of the State's 
                        activities to address the enforcement and 
                        adjudication of laws regarding driving while 
                        impaired by alcohol, drugs, or the combination 
                        of alcohol and drugs;
                          ``(iii) court support of high-visibility 
                        enforcement efforts, training and education of 
                        criminal justice professionals (including law 
                        enforcement, prosecutors, judges, and probation 
                        officers) to assist such professionals in 
                        handling impaired driving cases, hiring traffic 
                        safety resource prosecutors, hiring judicial 
                        outreach liaisons, and establishing driving 
                        while intoxicated courts;
                          ``(iv) alcohol ignition interlock programs;
                          ``(v) improving blood-alcohol concentration 
                        testing and reporting;
                          ``(vi) paid and earned media in support of 
                        high-visibility enforcement efforts, conducting 
                        standardized field sobriety training, advanced 
                        roadside impaired driving evaluation training, 
                        and drug recognition expert training for law 
                        enforcement, and equipment and related 
                        expenditures used in connection with impaired 
                        driving enforcement in accordance with criteria 
                        established by the National Highway Traffic 
                        Safety Administration;
                          ``(vii) training on the use of alcohol and 
                        drug screening and brief intervention;
                          ``(viii) training for and implementation of 
                        impaired driving assessment programs or other 
                        tools designed to increase the probability of 
                        identifying the recidivism risk of a person 
                        convicted of driving under the influence of 
                        alcohol, drugs, or a combination of alcohol and 
                        drugs and to determine the most effective 
                        mental health or substance abuse treatment or 
                        sanction that will reduce such risk;
                          ``(ix) developing impaired driving 
                        information systems; and
                          ``(x) costs associated with a 24-7 sobriety 
                        program.
                  ``(C) Other programs.--Low-range States may use grant 
                funds for any expenditure designed to reduce impaired 
                driving based on problem identification and may use not 
                more than 50 percent of funds made available under this 
                subsection for any project or activity eligible for 
                funding under section 402. Medium- and high-range 
                States may use funds for any expenditure designed to 
                reduce impaired driving based on problem identification 
                upon approval by the Secretary.''; and
          (2) by striking paragraph (6)(A) and inserting the following:
                  ``(A) In general.--The Secretary shall make a 
                separate grant under this subsection to each State that 
                adopts and is enforcing a law that requires any 
                individual convicted of driving under the influence of 
                alcohol or of driving while intoxicated to receive a 
                restriction on driving privileges that limits the 
                individual to operating only motor vehicles with an 
                ignition interlock installed. Such law may provide 
                limited exceptions for circumstances when--
                          ``(i) a State-certified ignition interlock 
                        provider is not available within 100 miles of 
                        the individual's residence;
                          ``(ii) the individual is required to operate 
                        an employer's motor vehicle in the course and 
                        scope of employment and the business entity 
                        that owns the vehicle is not owned or 
                        controlled by the individual; or
                          ``(iii) the individual is certified by a 
                        medical doctor as being unable to provide a 
                        deep lung breath sample for analysis by an 
                        ignition interlock device.''.
  (d) Distracted Driving Grants.--Section 405(e) of title 23, United 
States Code, is amended to read as follows:
  ``(e) Distracted Driving Grants.--
          ``(1) In general.--The Secretary shall award a grant under 
        this subsection to any State that includes distracted driving 
        awareness as part of the State's driver's license examination, 
        and enacts and enforces a law that meets the requirements set 
        forth in paragraphs (2) and (3).
          ``(2) Prohibition on texting while driving or stopped in 
        traffic.--A State law meets the requirements set forth in this 
        paragraph if the law--
                  ``(A) prohibits a driver from texting through a 
                personal wireless communications device while driving 
                or stopped in traffic;
                  ``(B) makes violation of the law a primary offense; 
                and
                  ``(C) establishes a minimum fine for a violation of 
                the law.
          ``(3) Prohibition on youth cell phone use while driving or 
        stopped in traffic.--A State law meets the requirements set 
        forth in this paragraph if the law--
                  ``(A) prohibits a driver from using a personal 
                wireless communications device while driving or stopped 
                in traffic--
                          ``(i) younger than 18 years of age; or
                          ``(ii) in the learner's permit and 
                        intermediate license stages set forth in 
                        subsection (g)(2)(B);
                  ``(B) makes violation of the law a primary offense; 
                and
                  ``(C) establishes a minimum fine for a first 
                violation of the law.
          ``(4) Permitted exceptions.--A law that meets the 
        requirements set forth in paragraph (2) or (3) may provide 
        exceptions for--
                  ``(A) a driver who uses a personal wireless 
                communications device to contact emergency services;
                  ``(B) emergency services personnel who use a personal 
                wireless communications device while--
                          ``(i) operating an emergency services 
                        vehicle; and
                          ``(ii) engaged in the performance of their 
                        duties as emergency services personnel;
                  ``(C) an individual employed as a commercial motor 
                vehicle driver or a school bus driver who uses a 
                personal wireless communications device within the 
                scope of such individual's employment if such use is 
                permitted under the regulations promulgated pursuant to 
                section 31136 of title 49; and
                  ``(D) any additional exceptions determined by the 
                Secretary through a rulemaking process.
          ``(5) Use of grant funds.--
                  ``(A) In general.--Except as provided in subparagraph 
                (B), amounts received by a State under this subsection 
                shall be used--
                          ``(i) to educate the public through 
                        advertising containing information about the 
                        dangers of texting or using a cell phone while 
                        driving;
                          ``(ii) for traffic signs that notify drivers 
                        about the distracted driving law of the State; 
                        or
                          ``(iii) for law enforcement costs related to 
                        the enforcement of the distracted driving law.
                  ``(B) Flexibility.--
                                  ``(i) Not more than 50 percent of 
                                amounts received by a State under this 
                                subsection may be used for any eligible 
                                project or activity under section 402.
                                  ``(ii) Not more than 75 percent of 
                                amounts received by a State under this 
                                subsection may be used for any eligible 
                                project or activity under section 402 
                                if the State has conformed its 
                                distracted driving data to the most 
                                recent Model Minimum Uniform Crash 
                                Criteria published by the Secretary.
          ``(6) Allocation to support state distracted driving laws.--
        Of the amounts available under this subsection in a fiscal year 
        for distracted driving grants, the Secretary may expend not 
        more than $5,000,000 for the development and placement of 
        broadcast media to reduce distracted driving of motor vehicles, 
        including to support campaigns related to distracted driving 
        that are funded under section 404.
          ``(7) Grant amount.--The allocation of grant funds to a State 
        under this subsection for a fiscal year shall be in proportion 
        to the State's apportionment under section 402 for fiscal year 
        2009.
          ``(8) Definitions.--In this subsection, the following 
        definitions apply:
                  ``(A) Driving.--The term `driving'--
                          ``(i) means operating a motor vehicle on a 
                        public road, including operation while 
                        temporarily stationary because of traffic, a 
                        traffic light or stop sign, or otherwise; and
                          ``(ii) does not include operating a motor 
                        vehicle when the vehicle has pulled over to the 
                        side of, or off, an active roadway and has 
                        stopped in a location where it can safely 
                        remain stationary.
                  ``(B) Personal wireless communications device.--The 
                term `personal wireless communications device'--
                          ``(i) means a device through which personal 
                        wireless services (as defined in section 
                        332(c)(7)(C)(i) of the Communications Act of 
                        1934 (47 U.S.C. 332(c)(7)(C)(i))) are 
                        transmitted; and
                          ``(ii) does not include a global navigation 
                        satellite system receiver used for positioning, 
                        emergency notification, or navigation purposes.
                  ``(C) Primary offense.--The term `primary offense' 
                means an offense for which a law enforcement officer 
                may stop a vehicle solely for the purpose of issuing a 
                citation in the absence of evidence of another offense.
                  ``(D) Public road.--The term `public road' has the 
                meaning given such term in section 402(c).
                  ``(E) Texting.--The term `texting' means reading from 
                or manually entering data into a personal wireless 
                communications device, including doing so for the 
                purpose of SMS texting, emailing, instant messaging, or 
                engaging in any other form of electronic data retrieval 
                or electronic data communication.''.
  (e) Motorcyclist Safety.--Section 405(f) of title 23, United States 
Code, is amended--
          (1) by striking paragraph (2) and inserting the following:
          ``(2) Grant amount.--The allocation of grant funds to a State 
        under this subsection for a fiscal year shall be in proportion 
        to the State's apportionment under section 402 for fiscal year 
        2009, except that the amount of a grant awarded to a State for 
        a fiscal year may not exceed 25 percent of the amount 
        apportioned to the State under such section for fiscal year 
        2009.'';
          (2) in paragraph (4) by adding at the end the following:
                  ``(C) Flexibility.--Not more than 50 percent of grant 
                funds received by a State under this subsection may be 
                used for any eligible project or activity under section 
                402 if the State is in the lowest 25 percent of all 
                States for motorcycle deaths per 10,000 motorcycle 
                registrations based on the most recent data that 
                conforms with criteria established by the Secretary.''; 
                and
          (3) by adding at the end the following:
          ``(6) Share-the-road model language.--Not later than 1 year 
        after the date of enactment of this paragraph, the Secretary 
        shall update and provide to the States model language for use 
        in traffic safety education courses, driver's manuals, and 
        other driver training materials that provides instruction for 
        drivers of motor vehicles on the importance of sharing the road 
        safely with motorcyclists.''.
  (f) State Graduated Driver Licensing Incentive Grant.--Section 405(g) 
of title 23, United States Code, is amended to read as follows:
  ``(g) State Graduated Driver Licensing Incentive Grant.--
          ``(1) Grants authorized.--Subject to the requirements under 
        this subsection, the Secretary shall award grants to States 
        that adopt and implement graduated driver licensing laws in 
        accordance with the requirements set forth in paragraph (2).
          ``(2) Minimum requirements.--
                  ``(A) In general.--A State meets the requirements set 
                forth in this paragraph if the State has a graduated 
                driver licensing law that requires novice drivers 
                younger than 18 years of age to comply with the 2-stage 
                licensing process described in subparagraph (B) before 
                receiving an unrestricted driver's license.
                  ``(B) Licensing process.--A State is in compliance 
                with the 2-stage licensing process described in this 
                subparagraph if the State's driver's license laws 
                comply with the additional requirements under 
                subparagraph (C) and includes--
                          ``(i) a learner's permit stage that--
                                  ``(I) is not less than 6 months in 
                                duration and remains in effect until 
                                the driver reaches not less than 16 
                                years of age;
                                  ``(II) contains a prohibition on the 
                                driver using a personal wireless 
                                communications device (as defined in 
                                subsection (e)) while driving except 
                                under an exception permitted under 
                                subsection (e)(4);
                                  ``(III) requires that the driver be 
                                accompanied and supervised at all times 
                                while operating a motor vehicle by a 
                                licensed driver who is--
                                          ``(aa) not less than 21 years 
                                        of age;
                                          ``(bb) the driver's parent or 
                                        guardian; or
                                          ``(cc) a State-certified 
                                        driving instructor; and
                                  ``(IV) complies with the additional 
                                requirements for a learner's permit 
                                stage set forth in subparagraph (C)(i); 
                                and
                          ``(ii) an intermediate stage that--
                                  ``(I) is not less than 6 months in 
                                duration;
                                  ``(II) contains a prohibition on the 
                                driver using a personal wireless 
                                communications device (as defined in 
                                subsection (e)) while driving except 
                                under an exception permitted under 
                                subsection (e)(4);
                                  ``(III) for the first 6 months of 
                                such stage, restricts driving at night 
                                when not supervised by a licensed 
                                driver described in clause (i)(III), 
                                excluding transportation to work, 
                                school, or religious activities, or in 
                                the case of an emergency;
                                  ``(IV) for a period of not less than 
                                6 months, prohibits the driver from 
                                operating a motor vehicle with more 
                                than 1 nonfamilial passenger under 21 
                                years of age unless a licensed driver 
                                described in clause (i)(III) is in the 
                                vehicle; and
                                  ``(V) complies with the additional 
                                requirements for an intermediate stage 
                                set forth in subparagraph (C)(ii).
                  ``(C) Additional requirements.--
                          ``(i) Learner's permit stage.--In addition to 
                        the requirements of subparagraph (B)(i), a 
                        learner's permit stage shall include not less 
                        than 2 of the following requirements:
                                  ``(I) Passage of a vision and 
                                knowledge assessment by a learner's 
                                permit applicant prior to receiving a 
                                learner's permit.
                                  ``(II) The driver completes--
                                          ``(aa) a State-certified 
                                        driver education or training 
                                        course; or
                                          ``(bb) not less than 40 hours 
                                        of behind-the-wheel training 
                                        with a licensed driver 
                                        described in subparagraph 
                                        (B)(i)(III).
                                  ``(III) In addition to any other 
                                penalties imposed by State law, the 
                                grant of an unrestricted driver's 
                                license or advancement to an 
                                intermediate stage be automatically 
                                delayed for any individual who, during 
                                the learner's permit stage, is 
                                convicted of a driving-related offense, 
                                including--
                                          ``(aa) driving while 
                                        intoxicated;
                                          ``(bb) misrepresentation of 
                                        the individual's age;
                                          ``(cc) reckless driving;
                                          ``(dd) driving without 
                                        wearing a seatbelt;
                                          ``(ee) speeding; or
                                          ``(ff) any other driving-
                                        related offense, as determined 
                                        by the Secretary.
                          ``(ii) Intermediate stage.--In addition to 
                        the requirements of subparagraph (B)(ii), an 
                        intermediate stage shall include not less than 
                        2 of the following requirements:
                                  ``(I) Commencement of such stage 
                                after the successful completion of a 
                                driving skills test.
                                  ``(II) That such stage remain in 
                                effect until the driver reaches the age 
                                of not less than 17.
                                  ``(III) In addition to any other 
                                penalties imposed by State law, the 
                                grant of an unrestricted driver's 
                                license be automatically delayed for 
                                any individual who, during the 
                                learner's permit stage, is convicted of 
                                a driving-related offense, including 
                                those described in clause (i)(III).
          ``(3) Exception.--A State that otherwise meets the minimum 
        requirements set forth in paragraph (2) shall be deemed by the 
        Secretary to be in compliance with the requirement set forth in 
        paragraph (2) if the State enacted a law before January 1, 
        2011, establishing a class of license that permits licensees or 
        applicants younger than 18 years of age to drive a motor 
        vehicle--
                  ``(A) in connection with work performed on, or for 
                the operation of, a farm owned by family members who 
                are directly related to the applicant or licensee; or
                  ``(B) if demonstrable hardship would result from the 
                denial of a license to the licensees or applicants.
          ``(4) Allocation.--Grant funds allocated to a State under 
        this subsection for a fiscal year shall be in proportion to the 
        State's apportionment under section 402 for fiscal year 2009.
          ``(5) Use of funds.--
                  ``(A) In general.--Except as provided in subparagraph 
                (B), grant funds received by a State under this 
                subsection shall be used for--
                          ``(i) enforcing a 2-stage licensing process 
                        that complies with paragraph (2);
                          ``(ii) training for law enforcement personnel 
                        and other relevant State agency personnel 
                        relating to the enforcement described in clause 
                        (i);
                          ``(iii) publishing relevant educational 
                        materials that pertain directly or indirectly 
                        to the State graduated driver licensing law;
                          ``(iv) carrying out other administrative 
                        activities that the Secretary considers 
                        relevant to the State's 2-stage licensing 
                        process; or
                          ``(v) carrying out a teen traffic safety 
                        program described in section 402(m).
                  ``(B) Flexibility.--
                          ``(i) Not more than 75 percent of grant funds 
                        received by a State under this subsection may 
                        be used for any eligible project or activity 
                        under section 402.
                          ``(ii) Not more than 100 percent of grant 
                        funds received by a State under this subsection 
                        may be used for any eligible project or 
                        activity under section 402, if the State is in 
                        the lowest 25 percent of all States for the 
                        number of drivers under age 18 involved in 
                        fatal crashes in the State per the total number 
                        of drivers under age 18 in the State based on 
                        the most recent data that conforms with 
                        criteria established by the Secretary.''.
  (g) Nonmotorized Safety.--Section 405 of title 23, United States 
Code, is amended by adding at the end the following:
  ``(h) Nonmotorized Safety.--
          ``(1) General authority.--Subject to the requirements under 
        this subsection, the Secretary shall award grants to States for 
        the purpose of decreasing pedestrian and bicycle fatalities and 
        injuries that result from crashes involving a motor vehicle.
          ``(2) Federal share.--The Federal share of the cost of a 
        project carried out by a State using amounts from a grant 
        awarded under this subsection may not exceed 80 percent.
          ``(3) Eligibility.--A State shall receive a grant under this 
        subsection in a fiscal year if the annual combined pedestrian 
        and bicycle fatalities in the State exceed 15 percent of the 
        total annual crash fatalities in the State, based on the most 
        recently reported final data from the Fatality Analysis 
        Reporting System.
          ``(4) Use of grant amounts.--Grant funds received by a State 
        under this subsection may be used for--
                  ``(A) training of law enforcement officials on State 
                laws applicable to pedestrian and bicycle safety;
                  ``(B) enforcement mobilizations and campaigns 
                designed to enforce State traffic laws applicable to 
                pedestrian and bicycle safety; and
                  ``(C) public education and awareness programs 
                designed to inform motorists, pedestrians, and 
                bicyclists of State traffic laws applicable to 
                pedestrian and bicycle safety.
          ``(5) Grant amount.--The allocation of grant funds to a State 
        under this subsection for a fiscal year shall be in proportion 
        to the State's apportionment under section 402 for fiscal year 
        2009.''.

SEC. 4006. PROHIBITION ON FUNDS TO CHECK HELMET USAGE OR CREATE RELATED 
                    CHECKPOINTS FOR A MOTORCYCLE DRIVER OR PASSENGER.

  The Secretary may not provide a grant or otherwise make available 
funding to a State, Indian tribe, county, municipality, or other local 
government to be used for a program or activity to check helmet usage, 
including checkpoints related to helmet usage, with respect to a 
motorcycle driver or passenger.

SEC. 4007. MARIJUANA-IMPAIRED DRIVING.

  (a) Study.--The Secretary, in consultation with the heads of other 
Federal agencies as appropriate, shall conduct a study on marijuana-
impaired driving.
  (b) Issues To Be Examined.--In conducting the study, the Secretary 
shall examine, at a minimum, the following:
          (1) Methods to detect marijuana-impaired driving, including 
        devices capable of measuring marijuana levels in motor vehicle 
        operators.
          (2) A review of impairment standard research for driving 
        under the influence of marijuana.
          (3) Methods to differentiate the cause of a driving 
        impairment between alcohol and marijuana.
          (4) State-based policies on marijuana-impaired driving.
          (5) The role and extent of marijuana impairment in motor 
        vehicle accidents.
  (c) Report.--
          (1) In general.--Not later than 1 year after the date of 
        enactment of this Act, the Secretary, in cooperation with other 
        Federal agencies as appropriate, shall submit to the Committee 
        on Transportation and Infrastructure of the House of 
        Representatives and the Committee on Commerce, Science, and 
        Transportation of the Senate a report on the results of the 
        study.
          (2) Contents.--The report shall include, at a minimum, the 
        following:
                  (A) Findings.--The findings of the Secretary based on 
                the study, including, at a minimum, the following:
                          (i) An assessment of methodologies and 
                        technologies for measuring driver impairment 
                        resulting from the use of marijuana, including 
                        the use of marijuana in combination with 
                        alcohol.
                          (ii) A description and assessment of the role 
                        of marijuana as a causal factor in traffic 
                        crashes and the extent of the problem of 
                        marijuana-impaired driving.
                          (iii) A description and assessment of current 
                        State laws relating to marijuana-impaired 
                        driving.
                          (iv) A determination whether an impairment 
                        standard for drivers under the influence of 
                        marijuana is feasible and could reduce vehicle 
                        accidents and save lives.
                  (B) Recommendations.--The recommendations of the 
                Secretary based on the study, including, at a minimum, 
                the following:
                          (i) Effective and efficient methods for 
                        training law enforcement personnel, including 
                        drug recognition experts, to detect or measure 
                        the level of impairment of a motor vehicle 
                        operator who is under the influence of 
                        marijuana by the use of technology or 
                        otherwise.
                          (ii) If feasible, an impairment standard for 
                        driving under the influence of marijuana.
                          (iii) Methodologies for increased data 
                        collection regarding the prevalence and effects 
                        of marijuana-impaired driving.
  (d) Marijuana Defined.--In this section, the term ``marijuana'' 
includes all substances containing tetrahydrocannabinol.

SEC. 4008. NATIONAL PRIORITY SAFETY PROGRAM GRANT ELIGIBILITY.

  Not later than 60 days after the date on which the Secretary of 
Transportation awards grants under section 405 of title 23, United 
States Code, the Secretary shall make available on a publicly available 
Internet Web site of the Department of Transportation--
          (1) an identification of--
                  (A) the States that were awarded grants under such 
                section;
                  (B) the States that applied and were not awarded 
                grants under such section; and
                  (C) the States that did not apply for a grant under 
                such section; and
          (2) a list of deficiencies that made a State ineligible for a 
        grant under such section for each State under paragraph (1)(B).

SEC. 4009. DATA COLLECTION.

  Section 1906 of SAFETEA-LU (23 U.S.C. 402 note) is amended--
          (1) in subsection (a)(1)--
                  (A) by striking ``(A) has enacted'' and all that 
                follows through ``(B) is maintaining'' and inserting 
                ``is maintaining''; and
                  (B) by striking ``and any passengers'';
          (2) by striking subsection (b) and inserting the following:
  ``(b) Use of Grant Funds.--A grant received by a State under 
subsection (a) shall be used by the State for the costs of--
          ``(1) collecting and maintaining data on traffic stops; and
          ``(2) evaluating the results of the data.'';
          (3) by striking subsection (c) and redesignating subsections 
        (d) and (e) as subsections (c) and (d), respectively;
          (4) in subsection (c)(2), as so redesignated, by striking ``A 
        State'' and inserting ``On or after October 1, 2015, a State''; 
        and
          (5) in subsection (d), as so redesignated--
                  (A) in the subsection heading by striking 
                ``Authorization of Appropriations'' and inserting 
                ``Funding'';
                  (B) by striking paragraph (1) and inserting the 
                following:
          ``(1) In general.--From funds made available under section 
        403 of title 23, United States Code, the Secretary shall set 
        aside $7,500,000 for each of the fiscal years 2016 through 2021 
        to carry out this section.''; and
                  (C) in paragraph (2)--
                          (i) by striking ``authorized by'' and 
                        inserting ``made available under''; and
                          (ii) by striking ``percent,'' and all that 
                        follows through the period at the end and 
                        inserting ``percent.''.

SEC. 4010. TECHNICAL CORRECTIONS.

  Title 23, United States Code, is amended as follows:
          (1) Section 402 is amended--
                  (A) in subsection (b)(1)--
                          (i) in subparagraph (C) by striking 
                        ``paragraph (3)'' and inserting ``paragraph 
                        (2)''; and
                          (ii) in subparagraph (E)--
                                  (I) by striking ``in which'' and 
                                inserting ``for which''; and
                                  (II) by striking ``under subsection 
                                (f)'' and inserting ``under subsection 
                                (k)''; and
                  (B) in subsection (k)(5), as redesignated by this 
                Act, by striking ``under paragraph (2)(A)'' and 
                inserting ``under paragraph (3)(A)''.
          (2) Section 403(e) is amended by striking ``chapter 301'' and 
        inserting ``chapter 301 of title 49''.
          (3) Section 405 is amended--
                  (A) in subsection (d)--
                          (i) in paragraph (5) by striking ``under 
                        section 402(c)'' and inserting ``under section 
                        402''; and
                          (ii) in paragraph (6)(C) by striking ``on the 
                        basis of the apportionment formula set forth in 
                        section 402(c)'' and inserting ``in proportion 
                        to the State's apportionment under section 402 
                        for fiscal year 2009''; and
                  (B) in subsection (f)(4)(A)(iv)--
                          (i) by striking ``such as the'' and inserting 
                        ``including''; and
                          (ii) by striking ``developed under subsection 
                        (g)''.

                     TITLE V--MOTOR CARRIER SAFETY

          Subtitle A--Motor Carrier Safety Grant Consolidation

SEC. 5101. GRANTS TO STATES.

  (a) Motor Carrier Safety Assistance Program.--Section 31102 of title 
49, United States Code, is amended to read as follows:

``Sec. 31102. Motor carrier safety assistance program

  ``(a) In General.--The Secretary of Transportation shall administer a 
motor carrier safety assistance program funded under section 31104.
  ``(b) Goal.--The goal of the program is to ensure that the Secretary, 
States, local governments, other political jurisdictions, federally 
recognized Indian tribes, and other persons work in partnership to 
establish programs to improve motor carrier, commercial motor vehicle, 
and driver safety to support a safe and efficient surface 
transportation system by--
          ``(1) making targeted investments to promote safe commercial 
        motor vehicle transportation, including the transportation of 
        passengers and hazardous materials;
          ``(2) investing in activities likely to generate maximum 
        reductions in the number and severity of commercial motor 
        vehicle crashes and in fatalities resulting from such crashes;
          ``(3) adopting and enforcing effective motor carrier, 
        commercial motor vehicle, and driver safety regulations and 
        practices consistent with Federal requirements; and
          ``(4) assessing and improving statewide performance by 
        setting program goals and meeting performance standards, 
        measures, and benchmarks.
  ``(c) State Plans.--
          ``(1) In general.--In carrying out the program, the Secretary 
        shall prescribe procedures for a State to submit a multiple-
        year plan, and annual updates thereto, under which the State 
        agrees to assume responsibility for improving motor carrier 
        safety by adopting and enforcing State regulations, standards, 
        and orders that are compatible with the regulations, standards, 
        and orders of the Federal Government on commercial motor 
        vehicle safety and hazardous materials transportation safety.
          ``(2) Contents.--The Secretary shall approve a State plan if 
        the Secretary determines that the plan is adequate to comply 
        with the requirements of this section, and the plan--
                  ``(A) implements performance-based activities, 
                including deployment and maintenance of technology to 
                enhance the efficiency and effectiveness of commercial 
                motor vehicle safety programs;
                  ``(B) designates a lead State commercial motor 
                vehicle safety agency responsible for administering the 
                plan throughout the State;
                  ``(C) contains satisfactory assurances that the lead 
                State commercial motor vehicle safety agency has or 
                will have the legal authority, resources, and qualified 
                personnel necessary to enforce the regulations, 
                standards, and orders;
                  ``(D) contains satisfactory assurances that the State 
                will devote adequate resources to the administration of 
                the plan and enforcement of the regulations, standards, 
                and orders;
                  ``(E) provides a right of entry and inspection to 
                carry out the plan;
                  ``(F) provides that all reports required under this 
                section be available to the Secretary on request;
                  ``(G) provides that the lead State commercial motor 
                vehicle safety agency will adopt the reporting 
                requirements and use the forms for recordkeeping, 
                inspections, and investigations that the Secretary 
                prescribes;
                  ``(H) requires all registrants of commercial motor 
                vehicles to demonstrate knowledge of applicable safety 
                regulations, standards, and orders of the Federal 
                Government and the State;
                  ``(I) provides that the State will grant maximum 
                reciprocity for inspections conducted under the North 
                American Inspection Standards through the use of a 
                nationally accepted system that allows ready 
                identification of previously inspected commercial motor 
                vehicles;
                  ``(J) ensures that activities described in subsection 
                (h), if financed through grants to the State made under 
                this section, will not diminish the effectiveness of 
                the development and implementation of the programs to 
                improve motor carrier, commercial motor vehicle, and 
                driver safety as described in subsection (b);
                  ``(K) ensures that the lead State commercial motor 
                vehicle safety agency will coordinate the plan, data 
                collection, and information systems with the State 
                highway safety improvement program required under 
                section 148(c) of title 23;
                  ``(L) ensures participation in appropriate Federal 
                Motor Carrier Safety Administration information 
                technology and data systems and other information 
                systems by all appropriate jurisdictions receiving 
                motor carrier safety assistance program funding;
                  ``(M) ensures that information is exchanged among the 
                States in a timely manner;
                  ``(N) provides satisfactory assurances that the State 
                will undertake efforts that will emphasize and improve 
                enforcement of State and local traffic safety laws and 
                regulations related to commercial motor vehicle safety;
                  ``(O) provides satisfactory assurances that the State 
                will address national priorities and performance goals, 
                including--
                          ``(i) activities aimed at removing impaired 
                        commercial motor vehicle drivers from the 
                        highways of the United States through adequate 
                        enforcement of regulations on the use of 
                        alcohol and controlled substances and by 
                        ensuring ready roadside access to alcohol 
                        detection and measuring equipment;
                          ``(ii) activities aimed at providing an 
                        appropriate level of training to State motor 
                        carrier safety assistance program officers and 
                        employees on recognizing drivers impaired by 
                        alcohol or controlled substances; and
                          ``(iii) when conducted with an appropriate 
                        commercial motor vehicle inspection, criminal 
                        interdiction activities, and appropriate 
                        strategies for carrying out those interdiction 
                        activities, including interdiction activities 
                        that affect the transportation of controlled 
                        substances (as defined in section 102 of the 
                        Comprehensive Drug Abuse Prevention and Control 
                        Act of 1970 (21 U.S.C. 802) and listed in part 
                        1308 of title 21, Code of Federal Regulations, 
                        as updated and republished from time to time) 
                        by any occupant of a commercial motor vehicle;
                  ``(P) provides that the State has established and 
                dedicated sufficient resources to a program to ensure 
                that--
                          ``(i) the State collects and reports to the 
                        Secretary accurate, complete, and timely motor 
                        carrier safety data; and
                          ``(ii) the State participates in a national 
                        motor carrier safety data correction system 
                        prescribed by the Secretary;
                  ``(Q) ensures that the State will cooperate in the 
                enforcement of financial responsibility requirements 
                under sections 13906, 31138, and 31139 and regulations 
                issued under those sections;
                  ``(R) ensures consistent, effective, and reasonable 
                sanctions;
                  ``(S) ensures that roadside inspections will be 
                conducted at locations that are adequate to protect the 
                safety of drivers and enforcement personnel;
                  ``(T) provides that the State will include in the 
                training manuals for the licensing examination to drive 
                noncommercial motor vehicles and commercial motor 
                vehicles information on best practices for driving 
                safely in the vicinity of noncommercial and commercial 
                motor vehicles;
                  ``(U) provides that the State will enforce the 
                registration requirements of sections 13902 and 31134 
                by prohibiting the operation of any vehicle discovered 
                to be operated by a motor carrier without a 
                registration issued under those sections or to be 
                operated beyond the scope of the motor carrier's 
                registration;
                  ``(V) provides that the State will conduct 
                comprehensive and highly visible traffic enforcement 
                and commercial motor vehicle safety inspection programs 
                in high-risk locations and corridors;
                  ``(W) except in the case of an imminent hazard or 
                obvious safety hazard, ensures that an inspection of a 
                vehicle transporting passengers for a motor carrier of 
                passengers is conducted at a bus station, terminal, 
                border crossing, maintenance facility, destination, or 
                other location where a motor carrier may make a planned 
                stop (excluding a weigh station);
                  ``(X) ensures that the State will transmit to its 
                roadside inspectors notice of each Federal exemption 
                granted under section 31315(b) of this title and 
                sections 390.23 and 390.25 of title 49, Code of Federal 
                Regulations, and provided to the State by the 
                Secretary, including the name of the person that 
                received the exemption and any terms and conditions 
                that apply to the exemption;
                  ``(Y) except as provided in subsection (d), provides 
                that the State--
                          ``(i) will conduct safety audits of 
                        interstate and, at the State's discretion, 
                        intrastate new entrant motor carriers under 
                        section 31144(g); and
                          ``(ii) if the State authorizes a third party 
                        to conduct safety audits under section 31144(g) 
                        on its behalf, the State verifies the quality 
                        of the work conducted and remains solely 
                        responsible for the management and oversight of 
                        the activities;
                  ``(Z) provides that the State agrees to fully 
                participate in the performance and registration 
                information systems management under section 31106(b) 
                not later than October 1, 2020, by complying with the 
                conditions for participation under paragraph (3) of 
                that section, or demonstrates to the Secretary an 
                alternative approach for identifying and immobilizing a 
                motor carrier with serious safety deficiencies in a 
                manner that provides an equivalent level of safety;
                  ``(AA) in the case of a State that shares a land 
                border with another country, provides that the State--
                          ``(i) will conduct a border commercial motor 
                        vehicle safety program focusing on 
                        international commerce that includes 
                        enforcement and related projects; or
                          ``(ii) will forfeit all funds calculated by 
                        the Secretary based on border-related 
                        activities if the State declines to conduct the 
                        program described in clause (i) in its plan; 
                        and
                  ``(BB) in the case of a State that meets the other 
                requirements of this section and agrees to comply with 
                the requirements established in subsection (l)(3), 
                provides that the State may fund operation and 
                maintenance costs associated with innovative technology 
                deployment under subsection (l)(3) with motor carrier 
                safety assistance program funds authorized under 
                section 31104(a)(1).
          ``(3) Publication.--
                  ``(A) In general.--Subject to subparagraph (B), the 
                Secretary shall publish each approved State multiple-
                year plan, and each annual update thereto, on a 
                publically accessible Internet Web site of the 
                Department of Transportation not later than 30 days 
                after the date the Secretary approves the plan or 
                update.
                  ``(B) Limitation.--Before publishing an approved 
                State multiple-year plan or annual update under 
                subparagraph (A), the Secretary shall redact any 
                information identified by the State that, if 
                disclosed--
                          ``(i) would reasonably be expected to 
                        interfere with enforcement proceedings; or
                          ``(ii) would reveal enforcement techniques or 
                        procedures that would reasonably be expected to 
                        risk circumvention of the law.
  ``(d) Exclusion of U.S. Territories.--The requirement that a State 
conduct safety audits of new entrant motor carriers under subsection 
(c)(2)(Y) does not apply to a territory of the United States unless 
required by the Secretary.
  ``(e) Intrastate Compatibility.--The Secretary shall prescribe 
regulations specifying tolerance guidelines and standards for ensuring 
compatibility of intrastate commercial motor vehicle safety laws, 
including regulations, with Federal motor carrier safety regulations to 
be enforced under subsections (b) and (c). To the extent practicable, 
the guidelines and standards shall allow for maximum flexibility while 
ensuring a degree of uniformity that will not diminish motor vehicle 
safety.
  ``(f) Maintenance of Effort.--
          ``(1) Baseline.--Except as provided under paragraphs (2) and 
        (3) and in accordance with section 5106 of the Surface 
        Transportation Reauthorization and Reform Act of 2015, a State 
        plan under subsection (c) shall provide that the total 
        expenditure of amounts of the lead State commercial motor 
        vehicle safety agency responsible for administering the plan 
        will be maintained at a level each fiscal year that is at least 
        equal to--
                  ``(A) the average level of that expenditure for 
                fiscal years 2004 and 2005; or
                  ``(B) the level of that expenditure for the year in 
                which the Secretary implements a new allocation formula 
                under section 5106 of the Surface Transportation 
                Reauthorization and Reform Act of 2015.
          ``(2) Adjusted baseline after fiscal year 2017.--At the 
        request of a State, the Secretary may evaluate additional 
        documentation related to the maintenance of effort and may make 
        reasonable adjustments to the maintenance of effort baseline 
        after the year in which the Secretary implements a new 
        allocation formula under section 5106 of the Surface 
        Transportation Reauthorization and Reform Act of 2015, and this 
        adjusted baseline will replace the maintenance of effort 
        requirement under paragraph (1).
          ``(3) Waivers.--At the request of a State, the Secretary may 
        waive or modify the requirements of this subsection for a total 
        of 1 fiscal year if the Secretary determines that the waiver or 
        modification is reasonable, based on circumstances described by 
        the State, to ensure the continuation of commercial motor 
        vehicle enforcement activities in the State.
          ``(4) Level of state expenditures.--In estimating the average 
        level of a State's expenditures under paragraph (1), the 
        Secretary--
                  ``(A) may allow the State to exclude State 
                expenditures for federally sponsored demonstration and 
                pilot programs and strike forces;
                  ``(B) may allow the State to exclude expenditures for 
                activities related to border enforcement and new 
                entrant safety audits; and
                  ``(C) shall require the State to exclude State 
                matching amounts used to receive Federal financing 
                under section 31104.
  ``(g) Use of Unified Carrier Registration Fees Agreement.--Amounts 
generated under section 14504a and received by a State and used for 
motor carrier safety purposes may be included as part of the State's 
match required under section 31104 or maintenance of effort required by 
subsection (f).
  ``(h) Use of Grants To Enforce Other Laws.--When approved as part of 
a State's plan under subsection (c), the State may use motor carrier 
safety assistance program funds received under this section--
          ``(1) if the activities are carried out in conjunction with 
        an appropriate inspection of a commercial motor vehicle to 
        enforce Federal or State commercial motor vehicle safety 
        regulations, for--
                  ``(A) enforcement of commercial motor vehicle size 
                and weight limitations at locations, excluding fixed-
                weight facilities, such as near steep grades or 
                mountainous terrains, where the weight of a commercial 
                motor vehicle can significantly affect the safe 
                operation of the vehicle, or at ports where intermodal 
                shipping containers enter and leave the United States; 
                and
                  ``(B) detection of and enforcement actions taken as a 
                result of criminal activity, including the trafficking 
                of human beings, in a commercial motor vehicle or by 
                any occupant, including the operator, of the commercial 
                motor vehicle; and
          ``(2) for documented enforcement of State traffic laws and 
        regulations designed to promote the safe operation of 
        commercial motor vehicles, including documented enforcement of 
        such laws and regulations relating to noncommercial motor 
        vehicles when necessary to promote the safe operation of 
        commercial motor vehicles, if--
                  ``(A) the number of motor carrier safety activities, 
                including roadside safety inspections, conducted in the 
                State is maintained at a level at least equal to the 
                average level of such activities conducted in the State 
                in fiscal years 2004 and 2005; and
                  ``(B) the State does not use more than 10 percent of 
                the basic amount the State receives under a grant 
                awarded under section 31104(a)(1) for enforcement 
                activities relating to noncommercial motor vehicles 
                necessary to promote the safe operation of commercial 
                motor vehicles unless the Secretary determines that a 
                higher percentage will result in significant increases 
                in commercial motor vehicle safety.
  ``(i) Evaluation of Plans and Award of Grants.--
          ``(1) Awards.--The Secretary shall establish criteria for the 
        application, evaluation, and approval of State plans under this 
        section. Subject to subsection (j), the Secretary may allocate 
        the amounts made available under section 31104(a)(1) among the 
        States.
          ``(2) Opportunity to cure.--If the Secretary disapproves a 
        plan under this section, the Secretary shall give the State a 
        written explanation of the reasons for disapproval and allow 
        the State to modify and resubmit the plan for approval.
  ``(j) Allocation of Funds.--
          ``(1) In general.--The Secretary, by regulation, shall 
        prescribe allocation criteria for funds made available under 
        section 31104(a)(1).
          ``(2) Annual allocations.--On October 1 of each fiscal year, 
        or as soon as practicable thereafter, and after making a 
        deduction under section 31104(c), the Secretary shall allocate 
        amounts made available under section 31104(a)(1) to carry out 
        this section for the fiscal year among the States with plans 
        approved under this section in accordance with the criteria 
        prescribed under paragraph (1).
          ``(3) Elective adjustments.--Subject to the availability of 
        funding and notwithstanding fluctuations in the data elements 
        used by the Secretary to calculate the annual allocation 
        amounts, after the creation of a new allocation formula under 
        section 5106 of the Surface Transportation Reauthorization and 
        Reform Act of 2015, the Secretary may not make elective 
        adjustments to the allocation formula that decrease a State's 
        Federal funding levels by more than 3 percent in a fiscal year. 
        The 3 percent limit shall not apply to the withholding 
        provisions of subsection (k).
  ``(k) Plan Monitoring.--
          ``(1) In general.--On the basis of reports submitted by the 
        lead State agency responsible for administering a State plan 
        approved under this section and an investigation by the 
        Secretary, the Secretary shall periodically evaluate State 
        implementation of and compliance with the State plan.
          ``(2) Withholding of funds.--
                  ``(A) Disapproval.--If, after notice and an 
                opportunity to be heard, the Secretary finds that a 
                State plan previously approved under this section is 
                not being followed or has become inadequate to ensure 
                enforcement of State regulations, standards, or orders 
                described in subsection (c)(1), or the State is 
                otherwise not in compliance with the requirements of 
                this section, the Secretary may withdraw approval of 
                the State plan and notify the State. Upon the receipt 
                of such notice, the State plan shall no longer be in 
                effect and the Secretary shall withhold all funding to 
                the State under this section.
                  ``(B) Noncompliance withholding.--In lieu of 
                withdrawing approval of a State plan under subparagraph 
                (A), the Secretary may, after providing notice to the 
                State and an opportunity to be heard, withhold funding 
                from the State to which the State would otherwise be 
                entitled under this section for the period of the 
                State's noncompliance. In exercising this option, the 
                Secretary may withhold--
                          ``(i) up to 5 percent of funds during the 
                        fiscal year that the Secretary notifies the 
                        State of its noncompliance;
                          ``(ii) up to 10 percent of funds for the 
                        first full fiscal year of noncompliance;
                          ``(iii) up to 25 percent of funds for the 
                        second full fiscal year of noncompliance; and
                          ``(iv) not more than 50 percent of funds for 
                        the third and any subsequent full fiscal year 
                        of noncompliance.
          ``(3) Judicial review.--A State adversely affected by a 
        determination under paragraph (2) may seek judicial review 
        under chapter 7 of title 5. Notwithstanding the disapproval of 
        a State plan under paragraph (2)(A) or the withholding of funds 
        under paragraph (2)(B), the State may retain jurisdiction in an 
        administrative or a judicial proceeding that commenced before 
        the notice of disapproval or withholding if the issues involved 
        are not related directly to the reasons for the disapproval or 
        withholding.
  ``(l) High Priority Program.--
          ``(1) In general.--The Secretary shall administer a high 
        priority program funded under section 31104 for the purposes 
        described in paragraphs (2) and (3).
          ``(2) Activities related to motor carrier safety.--The 
        Secretary may make discretionary grants to and enter into 
        cooperative agreements with States, local governments, 
        federally recognized Indian tribes, other political 
        jurisdictions as necessary, and any person to carry out high 
        priority activities and projects that augment motor carrier 
        safety activities and projects planned in accordance with 
        subsections (b) and (c), including activities and projects 
        that--
                  ``(A) increase public awareness and education on 
                commercial motor vehicle safety;
                  ``(B) target unsafe driving of commercial motor 
                vehicles and noncommercial motor vehicles in areas 
                identified as high risk crash corridors;
                  ``(C) improve the safe and secure movement of 
                hazardous materials;
                  ``(D) improve safe transportation of goods and 
                persons in foreign commerce;
                  ``(E) demonstrate new technologies to improve 
                commercial motor vehicle safety;
                  ``(F) support participation in performance and 
                registration information systems management under 
                section 31106(b)--
                          ``(i) for entities not responsible for 
                        submitting the plan under subsection (c); or
                          ``(ii) for entities responsible for 
                        submitting the plan under subsection (c)--
                                  ``(I) before October 1, 2020, to 
                                achieve compliance with the 
                                requirements of participation; and
                                  ``(II) beginning on October 1, 2020, 
                                or once compliance is achieved, 
                                whichever is sooner, for special 
                                initiatives or projects that exceed 
                                routine operations required for 
                                participation;
                  ``(G) conduct safety data improvement projects--
                          ``(i) that complete or exceed the 
                        requirements under subsection (c)(2)(P) for 
                        entities not responsible for submitting the 
                        plan under subsection (c); or
                          ``(ii) that exceed the requirements under 
                        subsection (c)(2)(P) for entities responsible 
                        for submitting the plan under subsection (c); 
                        and
                  ``(H) otherwise improve commercial motor vehicle 
                safety and compliance with commercial motor vehicle 
                safety regulations.
          ``(3) Innovative technology deployment grant program.--
                  ``(A) In general.--The Secretary shall establish an 
                innovative technology deployment grant program to make 
                discretionary grants funded under section 31104(a)(2) 
                to eligible States for the innovative technology 
                deployment of commercial motor vehicle information 
                systems and networks.
                  ``(B) Purposes.--The purposes of the program shall 
                be--
                          ``(i) to advance the technological capability 
                        and promote the deployment of intelligent 
                        transportation system applications for 
                        commercial motor vehicle operations, including 
                        commercial motor vehicle, commercial driver, 
                        and carrier-specific information systems and 
                        networks; and
                          ``(ii) to support and maintain commercial 
                        motor vehicle information systems and 
                        networks--
                                  ``(I) to link Federal motor carrier 
                                safety information systems with State 
                                commercial motor vehicle systems;
                                  ``(II) to improve the safety and 
                                productivity of commercial motor 
                                vehicles and drivers; and
                                  ``(III) to reduce costs associated 
                                with commercial motor vehicle 
                                operations and Federal and State 
                                commercial motor vehicle regulatory 
                                requirements.
                  ``(C) Eligibility.--To be eligible for a grant under 
                this paragraph, a State shall--
                          ``(i) have a commercial motor vehicle 
                        information systems and networks program plan 
                        approved by the Secretary that describes the 
                        various systems and networks at the State level 
                        that need to be refined, revised, upgraded, or 
                        built to accomplish deployment of commercial 
                        motor vehicle information systems and networks 
                        capabilities;
                          ``(ii) certify to the Secretary that its 
                        commercial motor vehicle information systems 
                        and networks deployment activities, including 
                        hardware procurement, software and system 
                        development, and infrastructure modifications--
                                  ``(I) are consistent with the 
                                national intelligent transportation 
                                systems and commercial motor vehicle 
                                information systems and networks 
                                architectures and available standards; 
                                and
                                  ``(II) promote interoperability and 
                                efficiency to the extent practicable; 
                                and
                          ``(iii) agree to execute interoperability 
                        tests developed by the Federal Motor Carrier 
                        Safety Administration to verify that its 
                        systems conform with the national intelligent 
                        transportation systems architecture, applicable 
                        standards, and protocols for commercial motor 
                        vehicle information systems and networks.
                  ``(D) Use of funds.--Grant funds received under this 
                paragraph may be used--
                          ``(i) for deployment activities and 
                        activities to develop new and innovative 
                        advanced technology solutions that support 
                        commercial motor vehicle information systems 
                        and networks;
                          ``(ii) for planning activities, including the 
                        development or updating of program or top level 
                        design plans in order to become eligible or 
                        maintain eligibility under subparagraph (C); 
                        and
                          ``(iii) for the operation and maintenance 
                        costs associated with innovative technology.
                  ``(E) Secretary authorization.--The Secretary is 
                authorized to award a State funding for the operation 
                and maintenance costs associated with innovative 
                technology deployment with funds made available under 
                sections 31104(a)(1) and 31104(a)(2).''.
  (b) Commercial Motor Vehicle Operators Grant Program.--Section 31103 
of title 49, United States Code, is amended to read as follows:

``Sec. 31103. Commercial motor vehicle operators grant program

  ``(a) In General.--The Secretary shall administer a commercial motor 
vehicle operators grant program funded under section 31104.
  ``(b) Purpose.--The purpose of the grant program is to train 
individuals in the safe operation of commercial motor vehicles (as 
defined in section 31301).
  ``(c) Veterans.--In administering grants under this section, the 
Secretary shall award priority to grant applications for programs to 
train former members of the armed forces (as defined in section 101 of 
title 10) in the safe operation of such vehicles.''.
  (c) Authorization of Appropriations.--Section 31104 of title 49, 
United States Code, as amended by this Act, is further amended on the 
effective date set forth in subsection (f) to read as follows:

``Sec. 31104. Authorization of appropriations

  ``(a) Financial Assistance Programs.--The following sums are 
authorized to be appropriated from the Highway Trust Fund (other than 
the Mass Transit Account):
          ``(1) Motor carrier safety assistance program.--Subject to 
        paragraph (2) and subsection (c), to carry out section 31102--
                  ``(A) $278,242,684 for fiscal year 2017;
                  ``(B) $293,685,550 for fiscal year 2018;
                  ``(C) $308,351,227 for fiscal year 2019;
                  ``(D) $323,798,553 for fiscal year 2020; and
                  ``(E) $339,244,023 for fiscal year 2021.
          ``(2) High priority activities program.--Subject to 
        subsection (c), to make grants and cooperative agreements under 
        section 31102(l), the Secretary may set aside from amounts made 
        available under paragraph (1) up to--
                  ``(A) $40,798,780 for fiscal year 2017;
                  ``(B) $41,684,114 for fiscal year 2018;
                  ``(C) $42,442,764 for fiscal year 2019;
                  ``(D) $43,325,574 for fiscal year 2020; and
                  ``(E) $44,209,416 for fiscal year 2021.
          ``(3) Commercial motor vehicle operators grant program.--To 
        carry out section 31103--
                  ``(A) $1,000,000 for fiscal year 2017;
                  ``(B) $1,000,000 for fiscal year 2018;
                  ``(C) $1,000,000 for fiscal year 2019;
                  ``(D) $1,000,000 for fiscal year 2020; and
                  ``(E) $1,000,000 for fiscal year 2021.
          ``(4) Commercial driver's license program implementation 
        program.--Subject to subsection (c), to carry out section 
        31313--
                  ``(A) $30,958,536 for fiscal year 2017;
                  ``(B) $31,630,336 for fiscal year 2018;
                  ``(C) $32,206,008 for fiscal year 2019;
                  ``(D) $32,875,893 for fiscal year 2020; and
                  ``(E) $33,546,562 for fiscal year 2021.
  ``(b) Reimbursement and Payment to Recipients for Government Share of 
Costs.--
          ``(1) In general.--Amounts made available under subsection 
        (a) shall be used to reimburse financial assistance recipients 
        proportionally for the Federal Government's share of the costs 
        incurred.
          ``(2) Reimbursement amounts.--The Secretary shall reimburse a 
        recipient, in accordance with a financial assistance agreement 
        made under section 31102, 31103, or 31313, an amount that is at 
        least 85 percent of the costs incurred by the recipient in a 
        fiscal year in developing and implementing programs under such 
        sections. The Secretary shall pay the recipient an amount not 
        more than the Federal Government share of the total costs 
        approved by the Federal Government in the financial assistance 
        agreement. The Secretary shall include a recipient's in-kind 
        contributions in determining the reimbursement.
          ``(3) Vouchers.--Each recipient shall submit vouchers at 
        least quarterly for costs the recipient incurs in developing 
        and implementing programs under sections 31102, 31103, and 
        31313.
  ``(c) Deductions for Partner Training and Program Support.--On 
October 1 of each fiscal year, or as soon after that date as 
practicable, the Secretary may deduct from amounts made available under 
paragraphs (1), (2), and (4) of subsection (a) for that fiscal year not 
more than 1.50 percent of those amounts for partner training and 
program support in that fiscal year. The Secretary shall use at least 
75 percent of those deducted amounts to train non-Federal Government 
employees and to develop related training materials in carrying out 
such programs.
  ``(d) Grants and Cooperative Agreements as Contractual Obligations.--
The approval of a financial assistance agreement by the Secretary under 
section 31102, 31103, or 31313 is a contractual obligation of the 
Federal Government for payment of the Federal Government's share of 
costs in carrying out the provisions of the grant or cooperative 
agreement.
  ``(e) Eligible Activities.--The Secretary shall establish criteria 
for eligible activities to be funded with financial assistance 
agreements under this section and publish those criteria in a notice of 
funding availability before the financial assistance program 
application period.
  ``(f) Period of Availability of Financial Assistance Agreement Funds 
for Recipient Expenditures.--The period of availability for a recipient 
to expend funds under a grant or cooperative agreement authorized under 
subsection (a) is as follows:
          ``(1) For grants made for carrying out section 31102, other 
        than section 31102(l), for the fiscal year in which the 
        Secretary approves the financial assistance agreement and for 
        the next fiscal year.
          ``(2) For grants made or cooperative agreements entered into 
        for carrying out section 31102(l)(2), for the fiscal year in 
        which the Secretary approves the financial assistance agreement 
        and for the next 2 fiscal years.
          ``(3) For grants made for carrying out section 31102(l)(3), 
        for the fiscal year in which the Secretary approves the 
        financial assistance agreement and for the next 4 fiscal years.
          ``(4) For grants made for carrying out section 31103, for the 
        fiscal year in which the Secretary approves the financial 
        assistance agreement and for the next fiscal year.
          ``(5) For grants made or cooperative agreements entered into 
        for carrying out section 31313, for the fiscal year in which 
        the Secretary approves the financial assistance agreement and 
        for the next 4 fiscal years.
  ``(g) Contract Authority; Initial Date of Availability.--Amounts 
authorized from the Highway Trust Fund (other than the Mass Transit 
Account) by this section shall be available for obligation on the date 
of their apportionment or allocation or on October 1 of the fiscal year 
for which they are authorized, whichever occurs first.
  ``(h) Availability of Funding.--Amounts made available under this 
section shall remain available until expended.''.
  (d) Clerical Amendment.--The analysis for chapter 311 of title 49, 
United States Code, is amended by striking the items relating to 
sections 31102, 31103, and 31104 and inserting the following:

``31102. Motor carrier safety assistance program.
``31103. Commercial motor vehicle operators grant program.
``31104. Authorization of appropriations.''.

  (e) Conforming Amendments.--
          (1) Safety fitness of owners and operator; safety reviews of 
        new operators.--Section 31144(g) of title 49, United States 
        Code, is amended by striking paragraph (5).
          (2) Information systems; performance and registration 
        information program.--Section 31106(b) of title 49, United 
        States Code, is amended by striking paragraph (4).
          (3) Border enforcement grants.--Section 31107 of title 49, 
        United States Code, and the item relating to that section in 
        the analysis for chapter 311 of that title, are repealed.
          (4) Performance and registration information system 
        management.--Section 31109 of title 49, United States Code, and 
        the item relating to that section in the analysis for chapter 
        311 of that title, are repealed.
          (5) Commercial vehicle information systems and networks 
        deployment.--Section 4126 of SAFETEA-LU (49 U.S.C. 31106 note), 
        and the item relating to that section in the table of contents 
        contained in section 1(b) of that Act, are repealed.
          (6) Safety data improvement program.--Section 4128 of 
        SAFETEA-LU (49 U.S.C. 31100 note), and the item relating to 
        that section in the table of contents contained in section 1(b) 
        of that Act, are repealed.
          (7) Grant program for commercial motor vehicle operators.--
        Section 4134 of SAFETEA-LU (49 U.S.C. 31301 note), and the item 
        relating to that section in the table of contents contained in 
        section 1(b) of that Act, are repealed.
          (8) Maintenance of effort as condition on grants to states.--
        Section 103(c) of the Motor Carrier Safety Improvement Act of 
        1999 (49 U.S.C. 31102 note) is repealed.
          (9) State compliance with cdl requirements.--Section 103(e) 
        of the Motor Carrier Safety Improvement Act of 1999 (49 U.S.C. 
        31102 note) is repealed.
          (10) Border staffing standards.--Section 218(d) of the Motor 
        Carrier Safety Improvement Act of 1999 (49 U.S.C. 31133 note) 
        is amended--
                  (A) in paragraph (1) by striking ``section 
                31104(f)(2)(B) of title 49, United States Code'' and 
                inserting ``section 31104(a)(1) of title 49, United 
                States Code''; and
                  (B) by striking paragraph (3).
  (f) Effective Date.--The amendments made by this section shall take 
effect on October 1, 2016.
  (g) Transition.--Notwithstanding the amendments made by this section, 
the Secretary shall carry out sections 31102, 31103, 31104 of title 49, 
United States Code, and any sections repealed under subsection (e), as 
necessary, as those sections were in effect on the day before October 
1, 2016, with respect to applications for grants, cooperative 
agreements, or contracts under those sections submitted before October 
1, 2016.

SEC. 5102. PERFORMANCE AND REGISTRATION INFORMATION SYSTEMS MANAGEMENT.

  Section 31106(b) of title 49, United States Code, is amended in the 
subheading by striking ``Program'' and inserting ``Systems 
Management''.

SEC. 5103. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

  (a) In General.--Subchapter I of chapter 311 of title 49, United 
States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following:

``Sec. 31110. Authorization of appropriations

  ``(a) Administrative Expenses.--There is authorized to be 
appropriated from the Highway Trust Fund (other than the Mass Transit 
Account) for the Secretary of Transportation to pay administrative 
expenses of the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration--
          ``(1) $259,000,000 for fiscal year 2016;
          ``(2) $259,000,000 for fiscal year 2017;
          ``(3) $259,000,000 for fiscal year 2018;
          ``(4) $259,000,000 for fiscal year 2019;
          ``(5) $259,000,000 for fiscal year 2020; and
          ``(6) $259,000,000 for fiscal year 2021.
  ``(b) Use of Funds.--The funds authorized by this section shall be 
used for--
          ``(1) personnel costs;
          ``(2) administrative infrastructure;
          ``(3) rent;
          ``(4) information technology;
          ``(5) programs for research and technology, information 
        management, regulatory development, and the administration of 
        performance and registration information systems management 
        under section 31106(b);
          ``(6) programs for outreach and education under subsection 
        (c);
          ``(7) other operating expenses;
          ``(8) conducting safety reviews of new operators; and
          ``(9) such other expenses as may from time to time become 
        necessary to implement statutory mandates of the Federal Motor 
        Carrier Safety Administration not funded from other sources.
  ``(c) Outreach and Education Program.--
          ``(1) In general.--The Secretary may conduct, through any 
        combination of grants, contracts, cooperative agreements, and 
        other activities, an internal and external outreach and 
        education program to be administered by the Administrator of 
        the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration.
          ``(2) Federal share.--The Federal share of an outreach and 
        education project for which a grant, contract, or cooperative 
        agreement is made under this subsection may be up to 100 
        percent of the cost of the project.
          ``(3) Funding.--From amounts made available under subsection 
        (a), the Secretary shall make available not more than 
        $4,000,000 each fiscal year.
  ``(d) Contract Authority; Initial Date of Availability.--Amounts 
authorized from the Highway Trust Fund (other than the Mass Transit 
Account) by this section shall be available for obligation on the date 
of their apportionment or allocation or on October 1 of the fiscal year 
for which they are authorized, whichever occurs first.
  ``(e) Funding Availability.--Amounts made available under this 
section shall remain available until expended.
  ``(f) Contractual Obligation.--The approval of funds by the Secretary 
under this section is a contractual obligation of the Federal 
Government for payment of the Federal Government's share of costs.''.
  (b) Clerical Amendment.--The analysis for chapter 311 of title 49, 
United States Code, is amended by adding at the end of the items 
relating to subchapter I the following:

``31110. Authorization of appropriations.''.

  (c) Conforming Amendments.--
          (1) Administrative expenses; authorization of 
        appropriations.--Section 31104 of title 49, United States Code, 
        is amended--
                  (A) by striking subsection (i); and
                  (B) by redesignating subsections (j) and (k) as 
                subsections (i) and (j), respectively.
          (2) Use of amounts made available under subsection (i).--
        Section 4116(d) of SAFETEA-LU (49 U.S.C. 31104 note) is amended 
        by striking ``section 31104(i)'' and inserting ``section 
        31110''.
          (3) Internal cooperation.--Section 31161 of title 49, United 
        States Code, is amended by striking ``section 31104(i)'' and 
        inserting ``section 31110''.
          (4) SAFETEA-LU; outreach and education.--Section 4127 of 
        SAFETEA-LU (119 Stat. 1741; Public Law 109-59), and the item 
        relating to that section in the table of contents contained in 
        section 1(b) of that Act, are repealed.

SEC. 5104. COMMERCIAL DRIVER'S LICENSE PROGRAM IMPLEMENTATION.

  (a) In General.--Section 31313 of title 49, United States Code, is 
amended to read as follows:

``Sec. 31313. Commercial driver's license program implementation 
                    financial assistance program

  ``(a) In General.--The Secretary of Transportation shall administer a 
financial assistance program for commercial driver's license program 
implementation for the purposes described in paragraphs (1) and (2).
          ``(1) State commercial driver's license program 
        implementation grants.--In carrying out the program, the 
        Secretary may make a grant to a State agency in a fiscal year--
                  ``(A) to assist the State in complying with the 
                requirements of section 31311;
                  ``(B) in the case of a State that is making a good 
                faith effort toward substantial compliance with the 
                requirements of section 31311, to improve the State's 
                implementation of its commercial driver's license 
                program, including expenses--
                          ``(i) for computer hardware and software;
                          ``(ii) for publications, testing, personnel, 
                        training, and quality control;
                          ``(iii) for commercial driver's license 
                        program coordinators; and
                          ``(iv) to implement or maintain a system to 
                        notify an employer of an operator of a 
                        commercial motor vehicle of the suspension or 
                        revocation of the operator's commercial 
                        driver's license consistent with the standards 
                        developed under section 32303(b) of the 
                        Commercial Motor Vehicle Safety Enhancement Act 
                        of 2012 (49 U.S.C. 31304 note).
          ``(2) Priority activities.--The Secretary may make a grant to 
        or enter into a cooperative agreement with a State agency, 
        local government, or any person in a fiscal year for research, 
        development and testing, demonstration projects, public 
        education, and other special activities and projects relating 
        to commercial drivers licensing and motor vehicle safety that--
                  ``(A) benefit all jurisdictions of the United States;
                  ``(B) address national safety concerns and 
                circumstances;
                  ``(C) address emerging issues relating to commercial 
                driver's license improvements;
                  ``(D) support innovative ideas and solutions to 
                commercial driver's license program issues; or
                  ``(E) address other commercial driver's license 
                issues, as determined by the Secretary.
  ``(b) Prohibitions.--A recipient may not use financial assistance 
funds awarded under this section to rent, lease, or buy land or 
buildings.
  ``(c) Report.--The Secretary shall issue an annual report on the 
activities carried out under this section.
  ``(d) Apportionment.--All amounts made available to carry out this 
section for a fiscal year shall be apportioned to a recipient described 
in subsection (a)(2) according to criteria prescribed by the Secretary.
  ``(e) Funding.--For fiscal years beginning after September 30, 2016, 
this section shall be funded under section 31104.''.
  (b) Clerical Amendment.--The analysis for chapter 313 of title 49, 
United States Code, is amended by striking the item relating to section 
31313 and inserting the following:

``31313. Commercial driver's license program implementation financial 
assistance program.''.

SEC. 5105. EXTENSION OF FEDERAL MOTOR CARRIER SAFETY PROGRAMS FOR 
                    FISCAL YEAR 2016.

  (a) Motor Carrier Safety Assistance Program Grant Extension.--Section 
31104(a) of title 49, United States Code, is amended by striking 
paragraphs (10) and (11) and inserting the following:
          ``(10) $218,000,000 for fiscal year 2015; and
          ``(11) $241,480,000 for fiscal year 2016.''.
  (b) Extension of Grant Programs.--Section 4101(c) of SAFETEA-LU (119 
Stat. 1715; Public Law 109-59) is amended to read as follows:
  ``(c) Authorization of Appropriations.--The following sums are 
authorized to be appropriated from the Highway Trust Fund (other than 
the Mass Transit Account):
          ``(1) Commercial driver's license program improvement 
        grants.--For carrying out the commercial driver's license 
        program improvement grants program under section 31313 of title 
        49, United States Code, $30,480,000 for fiscal year 2016.
          ``(2) Border enforcement grants.--For border enforcement 
        grants under section 31107 of that title $32,512,000 for fiscal 
        year 2016.
          ``(3) Performance and registration information systems 
        management grant program.--For the performance and registration 
        information systems management grant program under section 
        31109 of that title $5,080,000 for fiscal year 2016.
          ``(4) Commercial vehicle information systems and networks 
        deployment.--For carrying out the commercial vehicle 
        information systems and networks deployment program under 
        section 4126 of this Act $25,400,000 for fiscal year 2016.
          ``(5) Safety data improvement grants.--For safety data 
        improvement grants under section 4128 of this Act $3,048,000 
        for fiscal year 2016.''.
  (c) High-Priority Activities.--Section 31104(j)(2) of title 49, 
United States Code, as redesignated by this subtitle, is amended by 
striking ``2015'' the first place it appears and inserting ``2016''.
  (d) New Entrant Audits.--Section 31144(g)(5)(B) of title 49, United 
States Code, is amended to read as follows:
                  ``(B) Set aside.--The Secretary shall set aside from 
                amounts made available under section 31104(a) up to 
                $32,000,000 for fiscal year 2016 for audits of new 
                entrant motor carriers conducted under this 
                paragraph.''.
  (e) Grant Program for Commercial Motor Vehicle Operators.--Section 
4134(c) of SAFETEA-LU (49 U.S.C. 31301 note) is amended to read as 
follows:
  ``(c) Funding.--From amounts made available under section 31110 of 
title 49, United States Code, the Secretary shall make available, 
$1,000,000 for fiscal year 2016 to carry out this section.''.
  (f) Commercial Vehicle Information Systems and Networks Deployment.--
          (1) In general.--Section 4126 of SAFETEA-LU (49 U.S.C. 31106 
        note; 119 Stat. 1738; Public Law 109-59) is amended--
                  (A) in subsection (c)--
                          (i) in paragraph (2) by adding at the end the 
                        following: ``Funds deobligated by the Secretary 
                        from previous year grants shall not be counted 
                        toward the $2,500,000 maximum aggregate amount 
                        for core deployment.''; and
                          (ii) in paragraph (3) by adding at the end 
                        the following: ``Funds may also be used for 
                        planning activities, including the development 
                        or updating of program or top level design 
                        plans.''; and
                  (B) in subsection (d)(4) by adding at the end the 
                following: ``Funds may also be used for planning 
                activities, including the development or updating of 
                program or top level design plans.''.
          (2) Innovative technology deployment program.--For fiscal 
        year 2016, the commercial vehicle information systems and 
        networks deployment program under section 4126 of SAFETEA-LU 
        (119 Stat. 1738; Public Law 109-59) may also be referred to as 
        the innovative technology deployment program.

SEC. 5106. MOTOR CARRIER SAFETY ASSISTANCE PROGRAM ALLOCATION.

  (a) Working Group.--
          (1) Establishment.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
        enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall establish a motor 
        carrier safety assistance program formula working group (in 
        this section referred to as the ``working group'').
          (2) Membership.--
                  (A) In general.--Subject to subparagraph (B), the 
                working group shall consist of representatives of the 
                following:
                          (i) The Federal Motor Carrier Safety 
                        Administration.
                          (ii) The lead State commercial motor vehicle 
                        safety agencies responsible for administering 
                        the plan required by section 31102 of title 49, 
                        United States Code.
                          (iii) An organization representing State 
                        agencies responsible for enforcing a program 
                        for inspection of commercial motor vehicles.
                          (iv) Such other persons as the Secretary 
                        considers necessary.
                  (B) Composition.--Representatives of State commercial 
                motor vehicle safety agencies shall comprise at least 
                51 percent of the membership.
          (3) New allocation formula.--The working group shall analyze 
        requirements and factors for the establishment of a new 
        allocation formula for the motor carrier assistance program 
        under section 31102 of title 49, United States Code.
          (4) Recommendation.--Not later than 1 year after the date the 
        working group is established under paragraph (1), the working 
        group shall make a recommendation to the Secretary regarding a 
        new allocation formula for the motor carrier assistance 
        program.
          (5) Exemption.--The Federal Advisory Committee Act (5 U.S.C. 
        App.) shall not apply to the working group established under 
        this subsection.
          (6) Publication.--The Administrator of the Federal Motor 
        Carrier Safety Administration shall publish on a publicly 
        accessible Internet Web site of the Federal Motor Carrier 
        Safety Administration--
                  (A) summaries of the meetings of the working group; 
                and
                  (B) the final recommendation of the working group 
                provided to the Secretary.
  (b) Notice of Proposed Rulemaking.--After receiving the 
recommendation of the working group under subsection (a)(4), the 
Secretary shall publish in the Federal Register a notice seeking public 
comment on the establishment of a new allocation formula for the motor 
carrier safety assistance program.
  (c) Basis for Formula.--The Secretary shall ensure that the new 
allocation formula for the motor carrier assistance program is based on 
factors that reflect, at a minimum--
          (1) the relative needs of the States to comply with section 
        31102 of title 49, United States Code;
          (2) the relative administrative capacities of and challenges 
        faced by States in complying with that section;
          (3) the average of each State's new entrant motor carrier 
        inventory for the 3-year period prior to the date of enactment 
        of this Act;
          (4) the number of international border inspection facilities 
        and border crossings by commercial vehicles in each State; and
          (5) any other factors the Secretary considers appropriate.
  (d) Funding Amounts Prior to Development of New Allocation Formula.--
          (1) Interim formula.--Prior to the development of the new 
        allocation formula for the motor carrier assistance program, 
        the Secretary may calculate the interim funding amounts for 
        that program in fiscal year 2017 (and later fiscal years, as 
        necessary) under section 31104(a)(1) of title 49, United States 
        Code, as amended by this subtitle, by using the following 
        methodology:
                  (A) The Secretary shall calculate the funding amount 
                to a State using the allocation formula the Secretary 
                used to award motor carrier safety assistance program 
                funding in fiscal year 2016 under section 31102 of 
                title 49, United States Code.
                  (B) The Secretary shall average the funding awarded 
                or other equitable amounts to a State in fiscal years 
                2013, 2014, and 2015 for--
                          (i) border enforcement grants under section 
                        31107 of title 49, United States Code; and
                          (ii) new entrant audit grants under section 
                        31144(g)(5) of that title.
                  (C) The Secretary shall add the amounts calculated in 
                subparagraphs (A) and (B).
          (2) Adjustments.--Subject to the availability of funding and 
        notwithstanding fluctuations in the data elements used by the 
        Secretary, the initial amounts resulting from the calculation 
        described in paragraph (1) shall be adjusted to ensure that, 
        for each State, the amount shall not be less than 97 percent of 
        the average amount of funding received or other equitable 
        amounts in fiscal years 2013, 2014, and 2015 for--
                  (A) motor carrier safety assistance program funds 
                awarded to the State under section 31102 of title 49, 
                United States Code;
                  (B) border enforcement grants awarded to the State 
                under section 31107 of title 49, United States Code; 
                and
                  (C) new entrant audit grants awarded to the State 
                under section 31144(g)(5) of title 49, United States 
                Code.
          (3) Immediate relief.--In developing the new allocation 
        formula, the Secretary shall terminate the withholding of motor 
        carrier assistance program funds from a State for at least 3 
        fiscal years if the State was subject to the withholding of 
        such funds for matters of noncompliance immediately prior to 
        the date of enactment of this Act.
          (4) Future withholdings.--Beginning on the date that the new 
        allocation formula for the motor carrier assistance program is 
        implemented, the Secretary shall impose all future withholdings 
        in accordance with section 31102(k) of title 49, United States 
        Code, as amended by this subtitle.
  (e) Termination of Working Group.--The working group established 
under subsection (a) shall terminate on the date of the implementation 
of a new allocation formula for the motor carrier safety assistance 
program.

SEC. 5107. MAINTENANCE OF EFFORT CALCULATION.

  (a) Before New Allocation Formula.--
          (1) Fiscal year 2017.--If a new allocation formula for the 
        motor carrier safety assistance program has not been 
        established under this subtitle for fiscal year 2017, the 
        Secretary shall calculate for fiscal year 2017 the maintenance 
        of effort baseline required under section 31102(f) of title 49, 
        United States Code, as amended by this subtitle, by averaging 
        the expenditures for fiscal years 2004 and 2005 required by 
        section 31102(b)(4) of title 49, United States Code, as that 
        section was in effect on the day before the date of enactment 
        of this Act.
          (2) Subsequent fiscal years.--The Secretary may use the 
        methodology for calculating the maintenance of effort baseline 
        specified in paragraph (1) for fiscal year 2018 and subsequent 
        fiscal years if a new allocation formula for the motor carrier 
        safety assistance program has not been established for that 
        fiscal year.
  (b) Beginning With New Allocation Formation.--
          (1) In general.--Subject to paragraphs (2) and (3)(B), 
        beginning on the date that a new allocation formula for the 
        motor carrier safety assistance program is established under 
        this subtitle, upon the request of a State, the Secretary may 
        waive or modify the baseline maintenance of effort required of 
        the State by section 31102(e) of title 49, United States Code, 
        as amended by this subtitle, for the purpose of establishing a 
        new baseline maintenance of effort if the Secretary determines 
        that a waiver or modification--
                  (A) is equitable due to reasonable circumstances;
                  (B) will ensure the continuation of commercial motor 
                vehicle enforcement activities in the State; and
                  (C) is necessary to ensure that the total amount of 
                State maintenance of effort and matching expenditures 
                required under sections 31102 and 31104 of title 49, 
                United States Code, as amended by this subtitle, does 
                not exceed a sum greater than the average of the total 
                amount of State maintenance of effort and matching 
                expenditures required under those sections for the 3 
                fiscal years prior to the date of enactment of this 
                Act.
          (2) Adjustment methodology.--If requested by a State, the 
        Secretary may modify the maintenance of effort baseline 
        referred to in paragraph (1) for the State according to the 
        following methodology:
                  (A) The Secretary shall establish the maintenance of 
                effort baseline for the State using the average 
                baseline of fiscal years 2004 and 2005, as required by 
                section 31102(b)(4) of title 49, United States Code, as 
                that section was in effect on the day before the date 
                of enactment of this Act.
                  (B) The Secretary shall calculate the average 
                required match by a lead State commercial motor vehicle 
                safety agency for fiscal years 2013, 2014, and 2015 for 
                motor carrier safety assistance grants established at 
                20 percent by section 31103 of title 49, United States 
                Code, as that section was in effect on the day before 
                the date of enactment of this Act.
                  (C) The Secretary shall calculate the estimated match 
                required under section 31104(b) of title 49, United 
                States Code, as amended by this subtitle.
                  (D) The Secretary shall subtract the amount in 
                subparagraph (B) from the amount in subparagraph (C) 
                and--
                          (i) if the number is greater than 0, the 
                        Secretary shall subtract the number from the 
                        amount in subparagraph (A); or
                          (ii) if the number is not greater than 0, the 
                        Secretary shall calculate the maintenance of 
                        effort using the methodology in subparagraph 
                        (A).
          (3) Maintenance of effort amount.--
                  (A) In general.--The Secretary shall use the amount 
                calculated under paragraph (2) as the baseline 
                maintenance of effort required under section 31102(f) 
                of title 49, United States Code, as amended by this 
                subtitle.
                  (B) Deadline.--If a State does not request a waiver 
                or modification under this subsection before September 
                30 during the first fiscal year that the Secretary 
                implements a new allocation formula for the motor 
                carrier safety assistance program under this subtitle, 
                the Secretary shall calculate the maintenance of effort 
                using the methodology described in paragraph (2)(A).
          (4) Maintenance of effort described.--The maintenance of 
        effort calculated under this section is the amount required 
        under section 31102(f) of title 49, United States Code, as 
        amended by this subtitle.
  (c) Termination of Effectiveness.--The authority of the Secretary 
under this section shall terminate effective on the date that a new 
maintenance of effort baseline is calculated based on a new allocation 
formula for the motor carrier safety assistance program implemented 
under section 31102 of title 49, United States Code.

     Subtitle B--Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration Reform

                       PART I--REGULATORY REFORM

SEC. 5201. NOTICE OF CANCELLATION OF INSURANCE.

  Section 13906(e) of title 49, United States Code, is amended by 
inserting ``or suspend'' after ``revoke''.

SEC. 5202. REGULATIONS.

  Section 31136 of title 49, United States Code, is amended--
          (1) by redesignating subsection (f) as subsection (g) and 
        transferring such subsection to appear at the end of section 
        31315 of such title; and
          (2) by adding at the end the following:
  ``(f) Regulatory Impact Analysis.--Within each regulatory impact 
analysis of a proposed or final rule issued by the Federal Motor 
Carrier Safety Administration, the Secretary shall, whenever 
practicable--
          ``(1) consider the effects of the proposed or final rule on 
        different segments of the motor carrier industry;
          ``(2) formulate estimates and findings based on the best 
        available science; and
          ``(3) utilize available data specific to the different types 
        of motor carriers, including small and large carriers, and 
        drivers that will be impacted by the proposed or final rule.
  ``(g) Public Participation.--
          ``(1) In general.--If a proposed rule promulgated under this 
        part is likely to lead to the promulgation of a major rule, the 
        Secretary, before promulgating such proposed rule, shall--
                  ``(A) issue an advance notice of proposed rulemaking; 
                or
                  ``(B) proceed with a negotiated rulemaking.
          ``(2) Requirements.--Each advance notice of proposed 
        rulemaking issued under paragraph (1) shall--
                  ``(A) identify the need for a potential regulatory 
                action;
                  ``(B) identify and request public comment on the best 
                available science or technical information relevant to 
                analyzing potential regulatory alternatives;
                  ``(C) request public comment on the available data 
                and costs with respect to regulatory alternatives 
                reasonably likely to be considered as part of the 
                rulemaking; and
                  ``(D) request public comment on available 
                alternatives to regulation.
          ``(3) Waiver.--This subsection does not apply to a proposed 
        rule if the Secretary, for good cause, finds (and incorporates 
        the finding and a brief statement of reasons for such finding 
        in the proposed or final rule) that an advance notice of 
        proposed rulemaking is impracticable, unnecessary, or contrary 
        to the public interest.
  ``(h) Review of Rules.--
          ``(1) In general.--Once every 5 years, the Secretary shall 
        conduct a review of regulations issued under this part.
          ``(2) Schedule.--At the beginning of each 5-year review 
        period, the Secretary shall publish a schedule that sets forth 
        the plan for completing the review under paragraph (1) within 5 
        years.
          ``(3) Notification of changes.--During each review period, 
        the Secretary shall address any changes to the schedule 
        published under paragraph (2) and notify the public of such 
        changes.
          ``(4) Consideration of petitions.--In conducting a review 
        under paragraph (1), the Secretary shall consider petitions for 
        regulatory action under this part received by the Administrator 
        of the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration.
          ``(5) Assessment.--At the conclusion of each review under 
        paragraph (1), the Secretary shall publish on a publicly 
        accessible Internet Web site of the Department of 
        Transportation an assessment that includes--
                  ``(A) an inventory of the regulations issued during 
                the 5-year period ending on the date on which the 
                assessment is published;
                  ``(B) a determination of whether the regulations 
                are--
                          ``(i) consistent and clear;
                          ``(ii) current with the operational realities 
                        of the motor carrier industry; and
                          ``(iii) uniformly enforced; and
                  ``(C) an assessment of whether the regulations 
                continue to be necessary.
          ``(6) Rulemaking.--Not later than 2 years after the 
        completion of each review under this subsection, the Secretary 
        shall initiate a rulemaking to amend regulations as necessary 
        to address the determinations made under paragraph (5)(B) and 
        the results of the assessment under paragraph (5)(C).
  ``(i) Rule of Construction.--Nothing in subsection (f) or (g) may be 
construed to limit the contents of an advance notice of proposed 
rulemaking.''.

SEC. 5203. GUIDANCE.

  (a) In General.--
          (1) Date of issuance and point of contact.--Each guidance 
        document issued by the Federal Motor Carrier Safety 
        Administration shall have a date of issuance or a date of 
        revision, as applicable, and shall include the name and contact 
        information of a point of contact at the Administration who can 
        respond to questions regarding the guidance.
          (2) Public accessibility.--
                  (A) In general.--Each guidance document issued or 
                revised by the Federal Motor Carrier Safety 
                Administration shall be published on a publicly 
                accessible Internet Web site of the Department on the 
                date of issuance or revision.
                  (B) Redaction.--The Administrator of the Federal 
                Motor Carrier Safety Administration may redact from a 
                guidance document published under subparagraph (A) any 
                information that would reveal investigative techniques 
                that would compromise Administration enforcement 
                efforts.
          (3) Incorporation into regulations.--Not later than 5 years 
        after the date on which a guidance document is published under 
        paragraph (2) or during an applicable review under subsection 
        (c), whichever is earlier, the Secretary shall revise 
        regulations to incorporate the guidance document to the extent 
        practicable.
          (4) Reissuance.--If a guidance document is not incorporated 
        into regulations in accordance with paragraph (3), the 
        Administrator shall--
                  (A) reissue an updated version of the guidance 
                document; and
                  (B) review and reissue an updated version of the 
                guidance document every 5 years until the date on which 
                the guidance document is removed or incorporated into 
                applicable regulations.
  (b) Initial Review.--Not later than 1 year after the date of 
enactment of this Act, the Administrator shall review all guidance 
documents published under subsection (a) to ensure that such documents 
are current, are readily accessible to the public, and meet the 
standards specified in subparagraphs (A), (B), and (C) of subsection 
(c)(1).
  (c) Regular Review.--
          (1) In general.--Subject to paragraph (2), not less than once 
        every 5 years, the Administrator shall conduct a comprehensive 
        review of the guidance documents issued by the Federal Motor 
        Carrier Safety Administration to determine whether such 
        documents are--
                  (A) consistent and clear;
                  (B) uniformly and consistently enforced; and
                  (C) still necessary.
          (2) Notice and comment.--Prior to beginning a review under 
        paragraph (1), the Administrator shall publish in the Federal 
        Register a notice and request for comment that solicits input 
        from stakeholders on which guidance documents should be updated 
        or eliminated.
          (3) Report.--
                  (A) In general.--Not later than 60 days after the 
                date on which a review under paragraph (1) is 
                completed, the Administrator shall publish on a 
                publicly accessible Internet Web site of the Department 
                a report detailing the review and a full inventory of 
                the guidance documents of the Administration.
                  (B) Contents.--A report under subparagraph (A) shall 
                include a summary of the response of the Administration 
                to each comment received under paragraph (2).
  (d) Guidance Document Defined.--In this section, the term ``guidance 
document'' means a document issued by the Federal Motor Carrier Safety 
Administration that--
          (1) provides an interpretation of a regulation of the 
        Administration; or
          (2) includes an enforcement policy of the Administration.

SEC. 5204. PETITIONS.

  (a) In General.--The Administrator of the Federal Motor Carrier 
Safety Administration shall--
          (1) publish on a publicly accessible Internet Web site of the 
        Department a summary of all petitions for regulatory action 
        submitted to the Administration;
          (2) prioritize the petitions submitted based on the 
        likelihood of safety improvements resulting from the regulatory 
        action requested;
          (3) not later than 180 days after the date a summary of a 
        petition is published under paragraph (1), formally respond to 
        such petition by indicating whether the Administrator will 
        accept, deny, or further review the petition;
          (4) prioritize responses to petitions consistent with a 
        response's potential to reduce crashes, improve enforcement, 
        and reduce unnecessary burdens; and
          (5) not later than 60 days after the date of receipt of a 
        petition, publish on a publicly accessible Internet Web site of 
        the Department an updated inventory of the petitions described 
        in paragraph (1), including any applicable disposition 
        information for those petitions.
  (b) Petition Defined.--In this section, the term ``petition'' means a 
request for a new regulation, a regulatory interpretation or 
clarification, or a review of a regulation to eliminate or modify an 
obsolete, ineffective, or overly burdensome regulation.

           PART II--COMPLIANCE, SAFETY, ACCOUNTABILITY REFORM

SEC. 5221. CORRELATION STUDY.

  (a) In General.--The Administrator of the Federal Motor Carrier 
Safety Administration (referred to in this part as the 
``Administrator'') shall commission the National Research Council of 
the National Academies to conduct a study of--
          (1) the Compliance, Safety, Accountability program of the 
        Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (referred to in 
        this part as the ``CSA program''); and
          (2) the Safety Measurement System utilized by the CSA program 
        (referred to in this part as the ``SMS'').
  (b) Scope of Study.--In carrying out the study commissioned pursuant 
to subsection (a), the National Research Council--
          (1) shall analyze--
                  (A) the accuracy with which the Behavior Analysis and 
                Safety Improvement Categories (referred to in this part 
                as ``BASIC'')--
                          (i) identify high risk carriers; and
                          (ii) predict or are correlated with future 
                        crash risk, crash severity, or other safety 
                        indicators for motor carriers;
                  (B) the methodology used to calculate BASIC 
                percentiles and identify carriers for enforcement, 
                including the weights assigned to particular violations 
                and the tie between crash risk and specific regulatory 
                violations, with respect to accurately identifying and 
                predicting future crash risk for motor carriers;
                  (C) the relative value of inspection information and 
                roadside enforcement data;
                  (D) any data collection gaps or data sufficiency 
                problems that may exist and the impact of those gaps 
                and problems on the efficacy of the CSA program;
                  (E) the accuracy of safety data, including the use of 
                crash data from crashes in which a motor carrier was 
                free from fault;
                  (F) whether BASIC percentiles for motor carriers of 
                passengers should be calculated differently than for 
                motor carriers of freight;
                  (G) the differences in the rates at which safety 
                violations are reported to the Federal Motor Carrier 
                Safety Administration for inclusion in the SMS by 
                various enforcement authorities, including States, 
                territories, and Federal inspectors; and
                  (H) how members of the public use the SMS and what 
                effect making the SMS information public has had on 
                reducing crashes and eliminating unsafe motor carriers 
                from the industry; and
          (2) shall consider--
                  (A) whether the SMS provides comparable precision and 
                confidence, through SMS alerts and percentiles, for the 
                relative crash risk of individual large and small motor 
                carriers;
                  (B) whether alternatives to the SMS would identify 
                high risk carriers more accurately; and
                  (C) the recommendations and findings of the 
                Comptroller General of the United States and the 
                Inspector General of the Department, and independent 
                review team reports, issued before the date of 
                enactment of this Act.
  (c) Report.--Not later than 18 months after the date of enactment of 
this Act, the Administrator shall submit a report containing the 
results of the study commissioned pursuant to subsection (a) to--
          (1) the Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation of 
        the Senate;
          (2) the Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure of the 
        House of Representatives; and
          (3) the Inspector General of the Department.
  (d) Corrective Action Plan.--
          (1) In general.--Not later than 120 days after the 
        Administrator submits the report under subsection (c), if that 
        report identifies a deficiency or opportunity for improvement 
        in the CSA program or in any element of the SMS, the 
        Administrator shall submit to the Committee on Commerce, 
        Science, and Transportation of the Senate and the Committee on 
        Transportation and Infrastructure of the House of 
        Representatives a corrective action plan that--
                  (A) responds to the deficiencies or opportunities 
                identified by the report;
                  (B) identifies how the Federal Motor Carrier Safety 
                Administration will address such deficiencies or 
                opportunities; and
                  (C) provides an estimate of the cost, including with 
                respect to changes in staffing, enforcement, and data 
                collection, necessary to address such deficiencies or 
                opportunities.
          (2) Program reforms.--The corrective action plan submitted 
        under paragraph (1) shall include an implementation plan that--
                  (A) includes benchmarks;
                  (B) includes programmatic reforms, revisions to 
                regulations, or proposals for legislation; and
                  (C) shall be considered in any rulemaking by the 
                Department that relates to the CSA program, including 
                the SMS.
  (e) Inspector General Review.--Not later than 120 days after the 
Administrator submits a corrective action plan under subsection (d), 
the Inspector General of the Department shall--
          (1) review the extent to which such plan implements--
                  (A) recommendations contained in the report submitted 
                under subsection (c); and
                  (B) relevant recommendations issued by the 
                Comptroller General or the Inspector General before the 
                date of enactment of this Act; and
          (2) submit to the Committee on Commerce, Science, and 
        Transportation of the Senate and the Committee on 
        Transportation and Infrastructure of the House of 
        Representatives a report on the responsiveness of the 
        corrective action plan to the recommendations described in 
        paragraph (1).

SEC. 5222. BEYOND COMPLIANCE.

  (a) In General.--Not later than 18 months after the date of enactment 
of this Act, the Administrator shall incorporate into the CSA program a 
methodology to allow recognition and an improved SMS score for--
          (1) the installation of advanced safety equipment;
          (2) the use of enhanced driver fitness measures;
          (3) the adoption of fleet safety management tools, 
        technologies, and programs; or
          (4) other metrics as determined appropriate by the 
        Administrator.
  (b) Qualification.--The Administrator, after providing notice and an 
opportunity for comment, shall develop technical or other performance 
standards with respect to advanced safety equipment, enhanced driver 
fitness measures, fleet safety management tools, technologies, and 
programs, and other metrics for purposes of subsection (a).
  (c) Report.--Not later than 18 months after the incorporation of the 
methodology under subsection (a), the Administrator shall submit to the 
Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure of the House of 
Representatives and the Committee on Commerce, Science, and 
Transportation of the Senate a report on the number of motor carriers 
receiving recognition and improved scores under such methodology and 
the safety performance of such carriers.

SEC. 5223. DATA CERTIFICATION.

  (a) In General.--On and after the date that is 1 day after the date 
of enactment of this Act, no information regarding analysis of 
violations, crashes in which a determination is made that the motor 
carrier or the commercial motor vehicle driver is not at fault, alerts, 
or the relative percentile for each BASIC developed under the CSA 
program may be made available to the public (including through requests 
under section 552 of title 5, United States Code) until the Inspector 
General of the Department certifies that--
          (1) the report required under section 5221(c) has been 
        submitted in accordance with that section;
          (2) any deficiencies identified in the report required under 
        section 5221(c) have been addressed;
          (3) if applicable, the corrective action plan under section 
        5221(d) has been implemented;
          (4) the Administrator of the Federal Motor Carrier Safety 
        Administration has fully implemented or satisfactorily 
        addressed the issues raised in the report titled ``Modifying 
        the Compliance, Safety, Accountability Program Would Improve 
        the Ability to Identify High Risk Carriers'' of the Government 
        Accountability Office and dated February 2014 (GAO-14-114); and
          (5) the CSA program has been modified in accordance with 
        section 5222.
  (b) Limitation on the Use of CSA Analysis.--Information regarding 
alerts and the relative percentile for each BASIC developed under the 
CSA program may not be used for safety fitness determinations until the 
Inspector General of the Department makes the certification under 
subsection (a).
  (c) Continued Public Availability of Data.--Notwithstanding any other 
provision of this section, inspection and violation information 
submitted to the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration by 
commercial motor vehicle inspectors and qualified law enforcement 
officials, out-of-service rates, and absolute measures shall remain 
available to the public.
  (d) Exceptions.--
          (1) In general.--Notwithstanding any other provision of this 
        section--
                  (A) the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration 
                and State and local commercial motor vehicle 
                enforcement agencies may use the information referred 
                to in subsection (a) for purposes of investigation and 
                enforcement prioritization; and
                  (B) a motor carrier and a commercial motor vehicle 
                driver may access information referred to in subsection 
                (a) that relates directly to the motor carrier or 
                driver, respectively.
          (2) Rule of construction.--Nothing in this section may be 
        construed to restrict the official use by State enforcement 
        agencies of the data collected by State enforcement personnel.

SEC. 5224. INTERIM HIRING STANDARD.

  (a) Definitions.--In this section, the following definitions apply:
          (1) Entity.--The term ``entity'' means a person acting as--
                  (A) a shipper, other than an individual shipper (as 
                that term is defined in section 13102 of title 49, 
                United States Code), or a consignee;
                  (B) a broker or a freight forwarder (as such terms 
                are defined in section 13102 of title 49, United States 
                Code);
                  (C) a non-vessel-operating common carrier, an ocean 
                freight forwarder, or an ocean transportation 
                intermediary (as such terms are defined in section 
                40102 of title 46, United States Code);
                  (D) an indirect air carrier authorized to operate 
                under a Standard Security Program approved by the 
                Transportation Security Administration;
                  (E) a customs broker licensed in accordance with 
                section 111.2 of title 19, Code of Federal Regulations;
                  (F) an interchange motor carrier subject to 
                paragraphs (1)(B) and (2) of section 13902(i) of title 
                49, United States Code; or
                  (G) a warehouse (as defined in section 7-102(13) of 
                the Uniform Commercial Code).
          (2) Motor carrier.--The term ``motor carrier'' means a motor 
        carrier (as that term is defined in section 13102 of title 49, 
        United States Code) that is subject to Federal motor carrier 
        financial responsibility and safety regulations.
  (b) Hiring Standard.--Subsection (c) shall only be applicable to 
entities who, before tendering a shipment, but not more than 35 days 
before the pickup of the shipment by the hired motor carrier, verify 
that the motor carrier, at the time of such verification--
          (1) is registered with and authorized by the Federal Motor 
        Carrier Safety Administration to operate as a motor carrier, if 
        applicable;
          (2) has the minimum insurance coverage required by Federal 
        law; and
          (3) has a satisfactory safety fitness determination issued by 
        the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration in force.
  (c) Interim Use of Data.--
          (1) In general.--With respect to an entity who completed a 
        verification under subsection (b), only information regarding 
        the entity's compliance or noncompliance with subsection (b) 
        may be admitted as evidence or otherwise used against the 
        entity in a civil action for damages resulting from a claim of 
        negligent selection or retention of a motor carrier.
          (2) Excluded evidence.--With respect to an entity who 
        completed a verification under subsection (b), motor carrier 
        data (other than the information described in paragraph (1)) 
        created or maintained by the Federal Motor Carrier Safety 
        Administration, including SMS data or analysis of such data, 
        may not be admitted into evidence in a case or proceeding in 
        which it is asserted or alleged that the entity's selection or 
        retention of a motor carrier was negligent.
  (d) Sunset.--This section shall cease to be effective on the date on 
which the Inspector General of the Department makes the certification 
under section 5223(a).

              Subtitle C--Commercial Motor Vehicle Safety

SEC. 5301. IMPLEMENTING SAFETY REQUIREMENTS.

  (a) National Clearinghouse for Controlled Substance and Alcohol Test 
Results of Commercial Motor Vehicle Operators.--If the deadline 
established under section 31306a(a)(1) of title 49, United States Code, 
has not been met, not later than 30 days after the date of enactment of 
this Act, the Secretary of Transportation shall submit to the Committee 
on Transportation and Infrastructure of the House of Representatives 
and the Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation of the 
Senate written notification that--
          (1) explains why such deadline has not been met; and
          (2) establishes a new deadline for completion of the 
        requirements of such section.
  (b) Electronic Logging Devices.--If the deadline established under 
section 31137(a) of title 49, United States Code, has not been met, not 
later than 30 days after the date of enactment of this Act, the 
Secretary shall submit to the Committee on Transportation and 
Infrastructure of the House of Representatives and the Committee on 
Commerce, Science, and Transportation of the Senate written 
notification that--
          (1) explains why such deadline has not been met; and
          (2) establishes a new deadline for completion of the 
        requirements of such section.
  (c) Standards for Training.--If the deadline established under 
section 31305(c) of title 49, United States Code, has not been met, not 
later than 30 days after the date of enactment of this Act, the 
Secretary shall submit to the Committee on Transportation and 
Infrastructure of the House of Representatives and the Committee on 
Commerce, Science, and Transportation of the Senate written 
notification that--
          (1) explains why such deadline has not been met; and
          (2) establishes a new deadline for completion of the 
        requirements of such section.
  (d) Further Responsibilities.--If the Secretary determines that a 
deadline established under subsection (a)(2), (b)(2), or (c)(2) cannot 
be met, not later than 30 days after the date on which such 
determination is made, the Secretary shall submit to the Committee on 
Transportation and Infrastructure of the House of Representatives and 
the Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation of the Senate 
written notification that--
          (1) explains why such deadline cannot be met; and
          (2) establishes a new deadline for completion of the relevant 
        requirements.

SEC. 5302. WINDSHIELD MOUNTED SAFETY TECHNOLOGY.

  (a) In General.--Not later than 180 days after the date of enactment 
of this Act, the Secretary shall issue regulations to modify section 
393.60(e)(1) of title 49, Code of Federal Regulations, to permanently 
allow the voluntary mounting on the inside of a vehicle's windshield, 
within the area swept by windshield wipers, of vehicle safety 
technologies, if the Secretary determines that such mounting is likely 
to achieve a level of safety that is equivalent to, or greater than, 
the level of safety that would be achieved without such mounting.
  (b) Vehicle Safety Technology Defined.--In this section, the term 
``vehicle safety technology'' includes lane departure warning systems, 
collision avoidance systems, on-board video event recording devices, 
and any other technology determined appropriate by the Secretary.
  (c) Rule of Construction.--Nothing in this section may be construed 
to alter the terms of a short-term exemption from section 393.60(e) of 
title 49, Code of Federal Regulations, granted and in effect as of the 
date of enactment of this Act.

SEC. 5303. PRIORITIZING STATUTORY RULEMAKINGS.

  The Administrator of the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration 
shall prioritize the completion of each outstanding rulemaking required 
by statute before beginning any other rulemaking, unless the Secretary 
determines that there is a significant need for such other rulemaking.

SEC. 5304. SAFETY REPORTING SYSTEM.

  (a) In General.--Not later than 1 year after the date of enactment of 
this Act, the Comptroller General of the United States shall submit to 
the Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation of the Senate 
and the Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure of the House of 
Representatives a report on the cost and feasibility of establishing a 
self-reporting system for commercial motor vehicle drivers or motor 
carriers with respect to en route equipment failures.
  (b) Contents.--The report required under subsection (a) shall 
include--
          (1) an analysis of--
                  (A) alternatives for the reporting of equipment 
                failures in real time, including an Internet Web site 
                or telephone hotline;
                  (B) the ability of a commercial motor vehicle driver 
                or a motor carrier to provide to the Federal Motor 
                Carrier Safety Administration proof of repair of a 
                self-reported equipment failure;
                  (C) the ability of the Federal Motor Carrier Safety 
                Administration to ensure that self-reported equipment 
                failures proven to be repaired are not used in the 
                calculation of Behavior Analysis and Safety Improvement 
                Category scores;
                  (D) the ability of roadside inspectors to access 
                self-reported equipment failures;
                  (E) the cost to establish and administer a self-
                reporting system;
                  (F) the ability for a self-reporting system to track 
                individual commercial motor vehicles through unique 
                identifiers; and
                  (G) whether a self-reporting system would yield 
                demonstrable safety benefits;
          (2) an identification of any regulatory or statutory 
        impediments to the implementation of a self-reporting system; 
        and
          (3) recommendations on implementing a self-reporting system.

SEC. 5305. NEW ENTRANT SAFETY REVIEW PROGRAM.

  (a) In General.--The Secretary shall conduct an assessment of the new 
operator safety review program under section 31144(g) of title 49, 
United States Code, including the program's effectiveness in reducing 
crashes, fatalities, and injuries involving commercial motor vehicles 
and improving commercial motor vehicle safety.
  (b) Report.--Not later than 1 year after the date of enactment of 
this Act, the Secretary shall publish on a publicly accessible Internet 
Web site of the Department and submit to the Committee on Commerce, 
Science, and Transportation of the Senate and the Committee on 
Transportation and Infrastructure of the House of Representatives a 
report on the results of the assessment conducted under subsection (a), 
including any recommendations for improving the effectiveness of the 
program (including recommendations for legislative changes).

SEC. 5306. READY MIXED CONCRETE TRUCKS.

  A driver of a ready mixed concrete mixer truck is exempt from section 
3(a)(3)(ii) of part 395 of title 49, Code of Federal Regulations, if 
the driver is in compliance with clauses (i), (iii), (iv), and (v) of 
subsection (e)(1) of section 1 of part 395 of such title (regarding the 
100 air-mile logging exemption).

              Subtitle D--Commercial Motor Vehicle Drivers

SEC. 5401. OPPORTUNITIES FOR VETERANS.

  (a) Standards for Training and Testing of Veteran Operators.--Section 
31305 of title 49, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end 
the following:
  ``(d) Standards for Training and Testing of Veteran Operators.--
          ``(1) In general.--Not later than December 31, 2016, the 
        Secretary shall modify the regulations prescribed under 
        subsections (a) and (c) to--
                  ``(A) exempt a covered individual from all or a 
                portion of a driving test if the covered individual had 
                experience in the armed forces or reserve components 
                driving vehicles similar to a commercial motor vehicle;
                  ``(B) ensure that a covered individual may apply for 
                an exemption under subparagraph (A) during, at least, 
                the 1-year period beginning on the date on which such 
                individual separates from service in the armed forces 
                or reserve components; and
                  ``(C) credit the training and knowledge a covered 
                individual received in the armed forces or reserve 
                components driving vehicles similar to a commercial 
                motor vehicle for purposes of satisfying minimum 
                standards for training and knowledge.
          ``(2) Definitions.--In this subsection, the following 
        definitions apply:
                  ``(A) Armed forces.--The term `armed forces' has the 
                meaning given that term in section 101(a)(4) of title 
                10.
                  ``(B) Covered individual.--The term `covered 
                individual' means--
                          ``(i) a former member of the armed forces; or
                          ``(ii) a former member of the reserve 
                        components.
                  ``(C) Reserve components.--The term `reserve 
                components' means--
                          ``(i) the Army National Guard of the United 
                        States;
                          ``(ii) the Army Reserve;
                          ``(iii) the Navy Reserve;
                          ``(iv) the Marine Corps Reserve;
                          ``(v) the Air National Guard of the United 
                        States;
                          ``(vi) the Air Force Reserve; and
                          ``(vii) the Coast Guard Reserve.''.
  (b) Implementation of the Military Commercial Driver's License Act.--
Not later than December 31, 2015, the Secretary shall issue final 
regulations to implement the exemption to the domicile requirement 
under section 31311(a)(12)(C) of title 49, United States Code.
  (c) Conforming Amendment.--Section 31311(a)(12)(C)(ii) of title 49, 
United States Code, is amended to read as follows:
                  ``(ii) is an active duty member of--
                          ``(I) the armed forces (as that term is 
                        defined in section 101(a)(4) of title 10); or
                          ``(II) the reserve components (as that term 
                        is defined in section 31305(d)(2)(C) of this 
                        title); and''.

SEC. 5402. DRUG-FREE COMMERCIAL DRIVERS.

  (a) In General.--Section 31306 of title 49, United States Code, is 
amended--
          (1) in subsection (b)(1)--
                  (A) by redesignating subparagraph (B) as subparagraph 
                (C);
                  (B) in subparagraph (A) by striking ``The regulations 
                shall permit such motor carriers to conduct 
                preemployment testing of such employees for the use of 
                alcohol.''; and
                  (C) by inserting after subparagraph (A) the 
                following:
  ``(B) The regulations prescribed under subparagraph (A) shall permit 
motor carriers--
          ``(i) to conduct preemployment testing of commercial motor 
        vehicle operators for the use of alcohol; and
          ``(ii) to use hair testing as an acceptable alternative to 
        urine testing--
                  ``(I) in conducting preemployment testing for the use 
                of a controlled substance; and
                  ``(II) in conducting random testing for the use of a 
                controlled substance if the operator was subject to 
                hair testing for preemployment testing.'';
          (2) in subsection (b)(2)--
                  (A) in subparagraph (A) by striking ``and'' at the 
                end;
                  (B) in subparagraph (B) by striking the period at the 
                end and inserting ``; and''; and
                  (C) by adding at the end the following:
          ``(C) shall provide an exemption from hair testing for 
        commercial motor vehicle operators with established religious 
        beliefs that prohibit the cutting or removal of hair.''; and
          (3) in subsection (c)(2)--
                  (A) in the matter preceding subparagraph (A) by 
                inserting ``for urine testing, and technical guidelines 
                for hair testing,'' before ``including mandatory 
                guidelines'';
                  (B) in subparagraph (B) by striking ``and'' at the 
                end;
                  (C) in subparagraph (C) by inserting ``and'' after 
                the semicolon; and
                  (D) by adding at the end the following:
                  ``(D) laboratory protocols and cut-off levels for 
                hair testing to detect the use of a controlled 
                substance;''.
  (b) Guidelines.--Not later than 1 year after the date of enactment of 
this Act, the Secretary of Health and Human Services shall issue 
scientific and technical guidelines for hair testing as a method of 
detecting the use of a controlled substance for purposes of section 
31306 of title 49, United States Code.

SEC. 5403. CERTIFIED MEDICAL EXAMINERS.

  (a) In General.--Section 31315(b)(1) of title 49, United States Code, 
is amended by striking ``or section 31136'' and inserting ``, section 
31136, or section 31149(d)(3)''.
  (b) Conforming Amendment.--Section 31149(d)(3) of title 49, United 
States Code, is amended by inserting ``, unless the person issuing the 
certificate is the subject of an exemption issued under section 
31315(b)(1)'' before the semicolon.

SEC. 5404. GRADUATED COMMERCIAL DRIVER'S LICENSE PILOT PROGRAM.

  (a) Task Force.--
          (1) In general.--The Secretary shall convene a task force to 
        evaluate and make recommendations to the Secretary on elements 
        for inclusion in a graduated commercial driver's license pilot 
        program that would allow a novice licensed driver between the 
        ages of 19 years and 6 months and 21 years to safely operate a 
        commercial motor vehicle in a limited capacity in interstate 
        commerce between States that enter into a bi-State agreement.
          (2) Membership.--The task force convened under paragraph (1) 
        shall include representatives of State motor vehicle 
        administrators, motor carriers, labor organizations, safety 
        advocates, and other stakeholders determined appropriate by the 
        Secretary.
          (3) Considerations.--The task force convened under paragraph 
        (1) shall evaluate and make recommendations on the following 
        elements for inclusion in a graduated commercial driver's 
        license pilot program:
                  (A) A specified length of time for a learner's permit 
                stage.
                  (B) A requirement that drivers under the age of 21 
                years be accompanied by experienced drivers over the 
                age of 21 years.
                  (C) A restriction on travel distances.
                  (D) A restriction on maximum allowable driving hours.
                  (E) Mandatory driver training that exceeds the 
                requirements for drivers over the age of 21 years 
                issued by the Secretary under section 31305(c) of title 
                49, United States Code.
                  (F) Use of certain safety technologies in the 
                vehicles of drivers under the age of 21 years.
                  (G) Any other element the task force considers 
                appropriate.
          (4) Recommendations.--Not later than 1 year after the date of 
        enactment of this Act, the task force convened under paragraph 
        (1) shall recommend to the Secretary the elements the task 
        force has determined appropriate for inclusion in a graduated 
        commercial driver's license pilot program.
  (b) Pilot Program.--
          (1) In general.--Not later than 1 year after receiving the 
        recommendations of the task force under subsection (a), the 
        Secretary shall establish a graduated commercial driver's 
        license pilot program in accordance with such recommendations 
        and section 31315(c) of title 49, United States Code.
          (2) Pre-establishment requirements.--Prior to the 
        establishment of the pilot program under paragraph (1), the 
        Secretary shall--
                  (A) submit to Congress a report outlining the 
                recommendations of the task force received under 
                subsection (a); and
                  (B) publish in the Federal Register, and provide 
                sufficient notice of and an opportunity for public 
                comment on, the--
                          (i) proposed requirements for State and 
                        driver participation in the pilot program, 
                        based on the recommendations of the task force 
                        and consistent with paragraph (3);
                          (ii) measures the Secretary will utilize 
                        under the pilot program to ensure safety; and
                          (iii) standards the Secretary will use to 
                        evaluate the pilot program, including to 
                        determine any changes in the level of motor 
                        carrier safety as a result of the pilot 
                        program.
          (3) Program elements.--The pilot program established under 
        paragraph (1)--
                  (A) may not allow an individual under the age of 19 
                years and 6 months to participate;
                  (B) may not allow a driver between the ages of 19 
                years and 6 months and 21 years to--
                          (i) operate a commercial motor vehicle in 
                        special configuration; or
                          (ii) transport hazardous cargo;
                  (C) shall be carried out in a State (including the 
                District of Columbia) only if the Governor of the State 
                (or the Mayor of the District of Columbia, if 
                applicable) approves an agreement with a contiguous 
                State to allow a licensed driver under the age of 21 
                years to operate a commercial motor vehicle across both 
                States in accordance with the pilot program;
                  (D) may not recognize more than 6 agreements 
                described in subparagraph (C);
                  (E) may not allow more than 10 motor carriers to 
                participate in the pilot program under each agreement 
                described in subparagraph (C);
                  (F) shall require each motor carrier participating in 
                the pilot program under an agreement described in 
                subparagraph (C) to--
                          (i) have in effect a satisfactory safety 
                        fitness determination that was issued by the 
                        Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration 
                        during the 2-year period preceding the date of 
                        the Federal Register publication required under 
                        paragraph (2)(B); and
                          (ii) agree to have its safety performance 
                        monitored by the Secretary during participation 
                        in the pilot program;
                  (G) shall allow for the revocation of a motor 
                carrier's participation in the pilot program if a State 
                or the Secretary determines that the motor carrier 
                violated the requirements, including safety 
                requirements, of the pilot program; and
                  (H) shall ensure that a valid graduated commercial 
                driver's license issued by a State that has entered 
                into an agreement described in subparagraph (C) and is 
                approved by the Secretary to participate in the pilot 
                program is recognized as valid in both States that are 
                participating in the agreement.
  (c) Inspector General Report.--
          (1) Monitoring.--The Inspector General of the Department of 
        Transportation shall monitor and review the implementation of 
        the pilot program established under subsection (b).
          (2) Report.--The Inspector General shall submit to Congress 
        and the Secretary--
                  (A) not later than 1 year after the establishment of 
                the pilot program under subsection (b), an interim 
                report on the results of the review conducted under 
                paragraph (1); and
                  (B) not later than 60 days after the conclusion of 
                the pilot program, a final report on the results of the 
                review conducted under paragraph (1).
          (3) Additional contents.--
                  (A) Interim report.--The interim report required 
                under paragraph (2)(A) shall address whether the 
                Secretary has established sufficient mechanisms and 
                generated sufficient data to determine if the pilot 
                program is having any adverse effects on motor carrier 
                safety.
                  (B) Final report.--The final report required under 
                paragraph (2)(B) shall address the impact of the pilot 
                program on--
                          (i) safety; and
                          (ii) the number of commercial motor vehicle 
                        drivers available for employment.

SEC. 5405. VETERANS EXPANDED TRUCKING OPPORTUNITIES.

  (a) In General.--In the case of a physician-approved veteran 
operator, the qualified physician of such operator may, subject to the 
requirements of subsection (b), perform a medical examination and 
provide a medical certificate for purposes of compliance with the 
requirements of section 31149 of title 49, United States Code.
  (b) Certification.--The certification described under subsection (a) 
shall include--
          (1) assurances that the physician performing the medical 
        examination meets the requirements of a qualified physician 
        under this section; and
          (2) certification that the physical condition of the operator 
        is adequate to enable such operator to operate a commercial 
        motor vehicle safely.
  (c) Definitions.--In this section, the following definitions apply:
          (1) Physician-approved veteran operator.--The term 
        ``physician-approved veteran operator'' means an operator of a 
        commercial motor vehicle who--
                  (A) is a veteran who is enrolled in the health care 
                system established under section 1705(a) of title 38, 
                United States Code; and
                  (B) is required to have a current valid medical 
                certificate pursuant to section 31149 of title 49, 
                United States Code.
          (2) Qualified physician.--The term ``qualified physician'' 
        means a physician who--
                  (A) is employed in the Department of Veterans 
                Affairs;
                  (B) is familiar with the standards for, and physical 
                requirements of, an operator certified pursuant to 
                section 31149 of title 49, United States Code; and
                  (C) has never, with respect such section, been found 
                to have acted fraudulently, including by fraudulently 
                awarding a medical certificate.
          (3) Veteran.--The term ``veteran'' has the meaning given the 
        term in section 101 of title 38, United States Code.
  (d) Statutory Construction.--Nothing in this section shall be 
construed to change any statutory penalty associated with fraud or 
abuse.

                     Subtitle E--General Provisions

SEC. 5501. MINIMUM FINANCIAL RESPONSIBILITY.

  (a) Transporting Property.--If the Secretary proceeds with a 
rulemaking to determine whether to increase the minimum levels of 
financial responsibility required under section 31139 of title 49, 
United States Code, the Secretary shall consider, prior to issuing a 
final rule--
          (1) the rulemaking's potential impact on--
                  (A) the safety of motor vehicle transportation; and
                  (B) the motor carrier industry, including small and 
                minority motor carriers and independent owner-
                operators;
          (2) the ability of the insurance industry to provide the 
        required amount of insurance;
          (3) the extent to which current minimum levels of financial 
        responsibility adequately cover--
                  (A) medical care;
                  (B) compensation;
                  (C) attorney fees; and
                  (D) other identifiable costs;
          (4) the frequency with which insurance claims exceed current 
        minimum levels of financial responsibility in fatal accidents; 
        and
          (5) the impact of increased levels on motor carrier safety 
        and accident reduction.
  (b) Transporting Passengers.--
          (1) In general.--Prior to initiating a rulemaking to change 
        the minimum levels of financial responsibility under section 
        31138 of title 49, United States Code, the Secretary shall 
        complete a study specific to the minimum financial 
        responsibility requirements for motor carriers of passengers.
          (2) Study contents.--A study under paragraph (1) shall 
        include--
                  (A) a review of accidents, injuries, and fatalities 
                in the over-the-road bus and school bus industries;
                  (B) a review of insurance held by over-the-road bus 
                and public and private school bus companies, including 
                companies of various sizes, and an analysis of whether 
                such insurance is adequate to cover claims;
                  (C) an analysis of whether and how insurance affects 
                the behavior and safety record of motor carriers of 
                passengers, including with respect to crash reduction; 
                and
                  (D) an analysis of the anticipated impacts of an 
                increase in financial responsibility on insurance 
                premiums for passenger carriers and service 
                availability.
          (3) Consultation.--In conducting a study under paragraph (1), 
        the Secretary shall consult with--
                  (A) representatives of the over-the-road bus and 
                private school bus transportation industries, including 
                representatives of bus drivers; and
                  (B) insurers of motor carriers of passengers.
          (4) Report.--If the Secretary undertakes a study under 
        paragraph (1), the Secretary shall submit to the Committee on 
        Transportation and Infrastructure of the House of 
        Representatives and the Committee on Commerce, Science, and 
        Transportation of the Senate a report on the results of the 
        study.

SEC. 5502. DELAYS IN GOODS MOVEMENT.

  (a) Report.--
          (1) In general.--Not later than 1 year after the date of 
        enactment of this Act, the Inspector General of the Department 
        shall submit to the Committee on Transportation and 
        Infrastructure of the House of Representatives and the 
        Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation of the 
        Senate a report on the average length of time that operators of 
        commercial motor vehicles are delayed before the loading and 
        unloading of such vehicles and at other points in the pick-up 
        and delivery process.
          (2) Contents.--The report under paragraph (1) shall include--
                  (A) an assessment of how delays impact--
                          (i) the economy;
                          (ii) the efficiency of the transportation 
                        system;
                          (iii) motor carrier safety, including the 
                        extent to which delays result in violations of 
                        motor carrier safety regulations; and
                          (iv) the livelihood of motor carrier drivers; 
                        and
                  (B) recommendations on how delays could be mitigated.
  (b) Collection of Data.--Not later than 2 years after the date of 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall establish by regulation a 
process to collect data on delays experienced by operators of 
commercial motor vehicles before the loading and unloading of such 
vehicles and at other points in the pick-up and delivery process.

SEC. 5503. REPORT ON MOTOR CARRIER FINANCIAL RESPONSIBILITY.

  (a) In General.--Not later than April 1, 2016, the Secretary shall 
publish on a publicly accessible Internet Web site of the Department a 
report on the minimum levels of financial responsibility required under 
section 31139 of title 49, United States Code.
  (b) Contents.--The report required under subsection (a) shall include 
an analysis of--
          (1) the differences between State insurance requirements and 
        Federal requirements;
          (2) the extent to which current minimum levels of financial 
        responsibility adequately cover--
                  (A) medical care;
                  (B) compensation;
                  (C) attorney fees; and
                  (D) other identifiable costs; and
          (3) the frequency with which insurance claims exceed the 
        current minimum levels of financial responsibility.

SEC. 5504. EMERGENCY ROUTE WORKING GROUP.

  (a) In General.--
          (1) Establishment.--Not later than 1 year after the date of 
        enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall establish a working 
        group to determine best practices for expeditious State 
        approval of special permits for vehicles involved in emergency 
        response and recovery.
          (2) Members.--The working group shall include representatives 
        from--
                  (A) State highway transportation departments or 
                agencies;
                  (B) relevant modal agencies within the Department;
                  (C) emergency response or recovery experts;
                  (D) relevant safety groups; and
                  (E) entities affected by special permit restrictions 
                during emergency response and recovery efforts.
  (b) Considerations.--In determining best practices under subsection 
(a), the working group shall consider whether--
          (1) impediments currently exist that prevent expeditious 
        State approval of special permits for vehicles involved in 
        emergency response and recovery;
          (2) it is possible to pre-identify and establish emergency 
        routes between States through which infrastructure repair 
        materials could be delivered following a natural disaster or 
        emergency;
          (3) a State could pre-designate an emergency route identified 
        under paragraph (2) as a certified emergency route if a motor 
        vehicle that exceeds the otherwise applicable Federal and State 
        truck length or width limits may safely operate along such 
        route during periods of declared emergency and recovery from 
        such periods; and
          (4) an online map could be created to identify each pre-
        designated emergency route under paragraph (3), including 
        information on specific limitations, obligations, and 
        notification requirements along that route.
  (c) Report.--
          (1)  Submission.--Not later than 1 year after the date of 
        enactment of this Act, the working group shall submit to the 
        Secretary a report on its findings under this section and any 
        recommendations for the implementation of best practices for 
        expeditious State approval of special permits for vehicles 
        involved in emergency response and recovery.
          (2) Publication.--Not later than 30 days after the date the 
        Secretary receives the report under paragraph (1), the 
        Secretary shall publish the report on a publicly accessible 
        Internet Web site of the Department.
  (d) Notification.--Not later than 6 months after the date the 
Secretary receives the report under subsection (c)(1), the Secretary 
shall notify the Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure of the 
House of Representatives and the Committee on Commerce, Science, and 
Transportation of the Senate on the actions the Secretary and the 
States have taken to implement the recommendations included in the 
report.
  (e) Exemption.--The Federal Advisory Committee Act (5 U.S.C. App.) 
shall not apply to the working group.
  (f) Termination.--The working group shall terminate 1 year after the 
date the Secretary receives the report under subsection (c)(1).

SEC. 5505. HOUSEHOLD GOODS CONSUMER PROTECTION WORKING GROUP.

  (a) Working Group.--The Secretary shall establish a working group for 
the purpose of developing recommendations on how to best convey to 
inexperienced consumers the information such consumers need to know 
with respect to the Federal laws concerning the interstate 
transportation of household goods by motor carrier.
  (b) Membership.--The Secretary shall ensure that the working group is 
comprised of individuals with expertise in consumer affairs, educators 
with expertise in how people learn most effectively, and 
representatives of the household goods moving industry.
  (c) Recommendations.--
          (1) Contents.--The recommendations developed by the working 
        group shall include recommendations on--
                  (A) condensing publication ESA 03005 of the Federal 
                Motor Carrier Safety Administration into a format that 
                is more easily used by consumers;
                  (B) using state-of-the-art education techniques and 
                technologies, including optimizing the use of the 
                Internet as an educational tool; and
                  (C) reducing and simplifying the paperwork required 
                of motor carriers and shippers in interstate 
                transportation.
          (2) Deadline.--Not later than 1 year after the date of 
        enactment of this Act--
                  (A) the working group shall make the recommendations 
                described in paragraph (1); and
                  (B) the Secretary shall publish the recommendations 
                on a publicly accessible Internet Web site of the 
                Department.
  (d) Report.--Not later than 1 year after the date on which the 
working group makes its recommendations under subsection (c)(2), the 
Secretary shall issue a report to Congress on the implementation of 
such recommendations.
  (e) Exemption.--The Federal Advisory Committee Act (5 U.S.C. App.) 
shall not apply to the working group.
  (f) Termination.--The working group shall terminate 1 year after the 
date the working group makes its recommendations under subsection 
(c)(2).

SEC. 5506. TECHNOLOGY IMPROVEMENTS.

  (a) In General.--Not later than 1 year after the date of enactment of 
this Act, the Comptroller General of the United States shall conduct a 
comprehensive analysis of the information technology and data 
collection and management systems of the Federal Motor Carrier Safety 
Administration.
  (b) Requirements.--The study conducted under subsection (a) shall--
          (1) evaluate the efficacy of the existing information 
        technology, data collection, processing systems, data 
        correction procedures, and data management systems and 
        programs, including their interaction with each other and their 
        efficacy in meeting user needs;
          (2) identify any redundancies among the systems, procedures, 
        and programs described in paragraph (1);
          (3) explore the feasibility of consolidating data collection 
        and processing systems;
          (4) evaluate the ability of the systems, procedures, and 
        programs described in paragraph (1) to meet the needs of--
                  (A) the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration, 
                at both the headquarters and State levels;
                  (B) the State agencies that implement the motor 
                carrier safety assistance program under section 31102 
                of title 49, United States Code; and
                  (C) other users;
          (5) evaluate the adaptability of the systems, procedures, and 
        programs described in paragraph (1), in order to make necessary 
        future changes to ensure user needs are met in an easier, 
        timely, and more cost-efficient manner;
          (6) investigate and make recommendations regarding--
                  (A) deficiencies in existing data sets impacting 
                program effectiveness; and
                  (B) methods to improve user interfaces; and
          (7) identify the appropriate role the Federal Motor Carrier 
        Safety Administration should take with respect to software and 
        information systems design, development, and maintenance for 
        the purpose of improving the efficacy of the systems, 
        procedures, and programs described in paragraph (1).

SEC. 5507. NOTIFICATION REGARDING MOTOR CARRIER REGISTRATION.

  Not later than 30 days after the date of enactment of this Act, the 
Secretary shall submit to the Committee on Transportation and 
Infrastructure of the House of Representatives and the Committee on 
Commerce, Science, and Transportation of the Senate written 
notification of the actions the Secretary is taking to ensure, to the 
greatest extent practicable, that each application for registration 
under section 13902 of title 49, United States Code, is processed not 
later than 30 days after the date on which the application is received 
by the Secretary.

SEC. 5508. REPORT ON COMMERCIAL DRIVER'S LICENSE SKILLS TEST DELAYS.

  Not later than 1 year after the date of enactment of this Act, and 
each year thereafter, the Administrator of the Federal Motor Carrier 
Safety Administration shall submit to the Committee on Commerce, 
Science, and Transportation of the Senate and the Committee on 
Transportation and Infrastructure of the House of Representatives a 
report that--
          (1) describes, for each State, the status of skills testing 
        for applicants for a commercial driver's license, including--
                  (A) the average wait time, by month and location, 
                from the date an applicant requests to take a skills 
                test to the date the applicant completes such test;
                  (B) the average wait time, by month and location, 
                from the date an applicant, upon failure of a skills 
                test, requests a retest to the date the applicant 
                completes such retest;
                  (C) the actual number of qualified commercial 
                driver's license examiners, by month and location, 
                available to test applicants; and
                  (D) the number of testing sites available through the 
                State department of motor vehicles and whether this 
                number has increased or decreased from the previous 
                year; and
          (2) describes specific steps that the Administrator is taking 
        to address skills testing delays in States that have average 
        skills test or retest wait times of more than 7 days from the 
        date an applicant requests to test or retest to the date the 
        applicant completes such test or retest.

SEC. 5509. COVERED FARM VEHICLES.

  Section 32934(b)(1) of MAP-21 (49 U.S.C. 31136 note) is amended by 
striking ``from'' and all that follows through the period at end and 
inserting the following: ``from--
                  ``(A) a requirement described in subsection (a) or a 
                compatible State requirement; or
                  ``(B) any other minimum standard provided by a State 
                relating to the operation of that vehicle.''.

SEC. 5510. OPERATORS OF HI-RAIL VEHICLES.

  (a) In General.--In the case of a commercial motor vehicle driver 
subject to the hours of service requirements in part 395 of title 49, 
Code of Federal Regulations, who is driving a hi-rail vehicle, the 
maximum on duty time under section 395.3 of such title for such driver 
shall not include time in transportation to or from a duty assignment 
if such time in transportation--
          (1) does not exceed 2 hours per calendar day or a total of 30 
        hours per calendar month; and
          (2) is fully and accurately accounted for in records to be 
        maintained by the motor carrier and such records are made 
        available upon request of the Federal Motor Carrier Safety 
        Administration or the Federal Railroad Administration.
  (b) Emergency.--In the case of a train accident, an act of God, a 
train derailment, or a major equipment failure or track condition that 
prevents a train from advancing, a driver described in subsection (a) 
may complete a run without being in violation of the provisions of part 
395 of title 49, Code of Federal Regulations.
  (c) Hi-Rail Vehicle Defined.--In this section, the term ``hi-rail 
vehicle'' has the meaning given the term in section 214.7 of title 49, 
Code of Federal Regulations, as in effect on the date of enactment of 
this Act.

SEC. 5511. ELECTRONIC LOGGING DEVICE REQUIREMENTS.

  Section 31137(b) of title 49, United States Code, is amended--
          (1) in paragraph (1)(C) by striking ``apply to'' and 
        inserting ``except as provided in paragraph (3), apply to''; 
        and
          (2) by adding at the end the following:
          ``(3) Exception.--A motor carrier, when transporting a motor 
        home or recreation vehicle trailer within the definition of the 
        term `driveaway-towaway operation' (as defined in section 390.5 
        of title 49, Code of Federal Regulations), may comply with the 
        hours of service requirements by requiring each driver to use--
                  ``(A) a paper record of duty status form; or
                  ``(B) an electronic logging device.''.

SEC. 5512. TECHNICAL CORRECTIONS.

  (a) Title 49.--Title 49, United States Code, is amended as follows:
          (1) Section 13902(i)(2) is amended by inserting ``except as'' 
        before ``described''.
          (2) Section 13903(d) is amended by striking ``(d) 
        Registration as Motor Carrier Required.--'' and all that 
        follows through ``(1) In general.--A freight forwarder'' and 
        inserting ``(d) Registration as Motor Carrier Required.--A 
        freight forwarder''.
          (3) Section 13905(d)(2)(D) is amended--
                  (A) by striking ``the Secretary finds that--'' and 
                all that follows through ``(i) the motor carrier,'' and 
                inserting ``the Secretary finds that the motor 
                carrier,''; and
                  (B) by adding a period at the end.
          (4) Section 14901(h) is amended by striking ``Household 
        Goods'' in the heading.
          (5) Section 14916 is amended by striking the section 
        designation and heading and inserting the following:

``Sec. 14916. Unlawful brokerage activities''.

  (b) MAP-21.--Effective as of July 6, 2012, and as if included therein 
as enacted, MAP-21 (Public Law 112-141) is amended as follows:
          (1) Section 32108(a)(4) (126 Stat. 782) is amended by 
        inserting ``for'' before ``each additional day'' in the matter 
        proposed to be struck.
          (2) Section 32301(b)(3) (126 Stat. 786) is amended by 
        striking ``by amending (a) to read as follows:'' and inserting 
        ``by striking subsection (a) and inserting the following:''.
          (3) Section 32302(c)(2)(B) (126 Stat. 789) is amended by 
        striking ``section 32303(c)(1)'' and inserting ``section 
        32302(c)(1)''.
          (4) Section 32921(b) (126 Stat. 828) is amended, in the 
        matter to be inserted, by striking ``(A) In addition'' and 
        inserting the following:
                  ``(A) In general.--In addition''.
          (5) Section 32931(c) (126 Stat. 829) is amended--
                  (A) by striking ``Secretary'' and inserting 
                ``Secretary of Transportation'' in the matter to be 
                struck; and
                  (B) by striking ``Secretary'' and inserting 
                ``Secretary of Transportation'' in the matter to be 
                inserted.
  (c) Motor Carrier Safety Improvement Act of 1999.--Section 229(a)(1) 
of the Motor Carrier Safety Improvement Act of 1999 (49 U.S.C. 31136 
note) is amended by inserting ``of title 49, United States Code,'' 
after ``sections 31136 and 31502''.

SEC. 5513. AUTOMOBILE TRANSPORTER.

  Section 31111(b)(1) of title 49, United States Code, is amended--
          (1) in subparagraph (E) by striking ``or'' at the end;
          (2) in subparagraph (F) by striking the period at the end and 
        inserting ``; or''; and
          (3) by adding at the end the following:
          ``(G) imposes a vehicle length limitation of less than 80 
        feet on a stinger-steered automobile transporter with a front 
        overhang of less than 4 feet and a rear overhang of less than 6 
        feet.''.

SEC. 5514. READY MIX CONCRETE DELIVERY VEHICLES.

  Section 31502 of title 49, United States Code, is amended by adding 
at the end the following:
  ``(f) Ready Mixed Concrete Delivery Vehicles.--
          ``(1) In general.--Notwithstanding any other provision of 
        law, regulations issued under this section or section 31136 
        (including section 1(e)(1)(ii) of part 395 of title 49, Code of 
        Federal Regulations) regarding reporting, recordkeeping, or 
        documentation of duty status, shall not apply to any driver of 
        a ready mixed concrete delivery vehicle if--
                  ``(A) the driver operates within a 100 air-mile 
                radius of the normal work reporting location;
                  ``(B) the driver returns to the work reporting 
                location and is released from work within 14 
                consecutive hours;
                  ``(C) the driver has at least 10 consecutive hours 
                off duty following each 14 hours on duty;
                  ``(D) the driver does not exceed 11 hours maximum 
                driving time following 10 consecutive hours off duty; 
                and
                  ``(E) the motor carrier that employs the driver 
                maintains and retains for a period of 6 months accurate 
                and true time records that show--
                          ``(i) the time the driver reports for duty 
                        each day;
                          ``(ii) the total number of hours the driver 
                        is on duty each day;
                          ``(iii) the time the driver is released from 
                        duty each day; and
                          ``(iv) the total time for the preceding 
                        driving week the driver is used for the first 
                        time or intermittently.
          ``(2) Definition.--In this section, the term `driver of ready 
        mixed concrete delivery vehicle' means a driver of a vehicle 
        designed to deliver ready mixed concrete on a daily basis and 
        is equipped with a mechanism under which the vehicle's 
        propulsion engine provides the power to operate a mixer drum to 
        agitate and mix the product en route to the delivery site.''.

                          TITLE VI--INNOVATION

SEC. 6001. SHORT TITLE.

  This title may be cited as the ``Transportation for Tomorrow Act of 
2015''.

SEC. 6002. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

  (a) In General.--The following amounts are authorized to be 
appropriated out of the Highway Trust Fund (other than the Mass Transit 
Account):
          (1) Highway research and development program.--To carry out 
        section 503(b) of title 23, United States Code, $125,000,000 
        for each of fiscal years 2016 through 2021.
          (2) Technology and innovation deployment program.--To carry 
        out section 503(c) of title 23, United States Code--
                  (A) $67,000,000 for fiscal year 2016;
                  (B) $67,500,000 for fiscal year 2017;
                  (C) $67,500,000 for fiscal year 2018;
                  (D) $67,500,000 for fiscal year 2019;
                  (E) $67,500,000 for fiscal year 2020; and
                  (F) $67,500,000 for fiscal year 2021.
          (3) Training and education.--To carry out section 504 of 
        title 23, United States Code $24,000,000 for each of fiscal 
        years 2016 through 2021.
          (4) Intelligent transportation systems program.--To carry out 
        sections 512 through 518 of title 23, United States Code 
        $100,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2016 through 2021.
          (5) University transportation centers program.--To carry out 
        section 5505 of title 49, United States Code--
                  (A) $72,500,000 for fiscal year 2016;
                  (B) $75,000,000 for fiscal year 2017;
                  (C) $75,000,000 for fiscal year 2018;
                  (D) $77,500,000 for fiscal year 2019;
                  (E) $77,500,000 for fiscal year 2020; and
                  (F) $77,500,000 for fiscal year 2021.
          (6) Bureau of transportation statistics.--To carry out 
        chapter 63 of title 49, United States Code, $26,000,000 for 
        each of fiscal years 2016 through 2021.
  (b) Applicability of Title 23, United States Code.--Funds authorized 
to be appropriated by subsection (a) shall--
          (1) be available for obligation in the same manner as if 
        those funds were apportioned under chapter 1 of title 23, 
        United States Code, except that the Federal share of the cost 
        of a project or activity carried out using those funds shall be 
        80 percent, unless otherwise expressly provided by this Act 
        (including the amendments by this Act) or otherwise determined 
        by the Secretary; and
          (2) remain available until expended and not be transferable, 
        except as otherwise provided in this Act.

SEC. 6003. ADVANCED TRANSPORTATION AND CONGESTION MANAGEMENT 
                    TECHNOLOGIES DEPLOYMENT.

  Section 503(c) of title 23, United States Code, is amended by adding 
at the end the following:
          ``(4) Advanced transportation technologies deployment.--
                  ``(A) In general.--Not later than 6 months after the 
                date of enactment of this paragraph, the Secretary 
                shall establish an advanced transportation and 
                congestion management technologies deployment 
                initiative to provide grants to eligible entities to 
                develop model deployment sites for large scale 
                installation and operation of advanced transportation 
                technologies to improve safety, efficiency, system 
                performance, and infrastructure return on investment.
                  ``(B) Criteria.--The Secretary shall develop criteria 
                for selection of an eligible entity to receive a grant 
                under this paragraph, including how the deployment of 
                technology will--
                          ``(i) reduce costs and improve return on 
                        investments, including through the enhanced use 
                        of existing transportation capacity;
                          ``(ii) deliver environmental benefits that 
                        alleviate congestion and streamline traffic 
                        flow;
                          ``(iii) measure and improve the operational 
                        performance of the applicable transportation 
                        network;
                          ``(iv) reduce the number and severity of 
                        traffic crashes and increase driver, passenger, 
                        and pedestrian safety;
                          ``(v) collect, disseminate, and use real-time 
                        traffic, transit, parking, and other 
                        transportation-related information to improve 
                        mobility, reduce congestion, and provide for 
                        more efficient and accessible transportation;
                          ``(vi) monitor transportation assets to 
                        improve infrastructure management, reduce 
                        maintenance costs, prioritize investment 
                        decisions, and ensure a state of good repair;
                          ``(vii) deliver economic benefits by reducing 
                        delays, improving system performance, and 
                        providing for the efficient and reliable 
                        movement of goods and services; or
                          ``(viii) accelerate the deployment of 
                        vehicle-to-vehicle, vehicle-to-infrastructure, 
                        autonomous vehicles, and other technologies.
                  ``(C) Applications.--
                          ``(i) Request.--Not later than 6 months after 
                        the date of enactment of this paragraph, and 
                        for every fiscal year thereafter, the Secretary 
                        shall request applications in accordance with 
                        clause (ii).
                          ``(ii) Contents.--An application submitted 
                        under this subparagraph shall include the 
                        following:
                                  ``(I) Plan.--A plan to deploy and 
                                provide for the long-term operation and 
                                maintenance of advanced transportation 
                                and congestion management technologies 
                                to improve safety, efficiency, system 
                                performance, and return on investment.
                                  ``(II) Objectives.--Quantifiable 
                                system performance improvements, such 
                                as--
                                          ``(aa) reducing traffic-
                                        related crashes, congestion, 
                                        and costs;
                                          ``(bb) optimizing system 
                                        efficiency; and
                                          ``(cc) improving access to 
                                        transportation services.
                                  ``(III) Results.--Quantifiable 
                                safety, mobility, and environmental 
                                benefit projections such as data-driven 
                                estimates of how the project will 
                                improve the region's transportation 
                                system efficiency and reduce traffic 
                                congestion.
                                  ``(IV) Partnerships.--A plan for 
                                partnering with the private sector or 
                                public agencies, including multimodal 
                                and multijurisdictional entities, 
                                research institutions, organizations 
                                representing transportation and 
                                technology leaders, or other 
                                transportation stakeholders.
                                  ``(V) Leveraging.--A plan to leverage 
                                and optimize existing local and 
                                regional advanced transportation 
                                technology investments.
                  ``(D) Grant selection.--
                          ``(i) Grant awards.--Not later than 1 year 
                        after the date of enactment of this paragraph, 
                        and for every fiscal year thereafter, the 
                        Secretary shall award grants to not less than 5 
                        and not more than 8 eligible entities.
                          ``(ii) Geographic diversity.--In awarding a 
                        grant under this paragraph, the Secretary shall 
                        ensure, to the extent practicable, that grant 
                        recipients represent diverse geographic areas 
                        of the United States.
                  ``(E) Use of grant funds.--A grant recipient may use 
                funds awarded under this paragraph to deploy advanced 
                transportation and congestion management technologies, 
                including--
                          ``(i) advanced traveler information systems;
                          ``(ii) advanced transportation management 
                        technologies;
                          ``(iii) infrastructure maintenance, 
                        monitoring, and condition assessment;
                          ``(iv) advanced public transportation 
                        systems;
                          ``(v) transportation system performance data 
                        collection, analysis, and dissemination 
                        systems;
                          ``(vi) advanced safety systems, including 
                        vehicle-to-vehicle and vehicle-to-
                        infrastructure communications, technologies 
                        associated with autonomous vehicles, and other 
                        collision avoidance technologies, including 
                        systems using cellular technology;
                          ``(vii) integration of intelligent 
                        transportation systems with the Smart Grid and 
                        other energy distribution and charging systems;
                          ``(viii) electronic pricing and payment 
                        systems; or
                          ``(ix) advanced mobility and access 
                        technologies, such as dynamic ridesharing and 
                        information systems to support human services 
                        for elderly and disabled individuals.
                  ``(F) Report to secretary.--Not later than 1 year 
                after an eligible entity receives a grant under this 
                paragraph, and each year thereafter, the entity shall 
                submit a report to the Secretary that describes--
                          ``(i) deployment and operational costs of the 
                        project compared to the benefits and savings 
                        the project provides; and
                          ``(ii) how the project has met the original 
                        expectations projected in the deployment plan 
                        submitted with the application, such as--
                                  ``(I) data on how the project has 
                                helped reduce traffic crashes, 
                                congestion, costs, and other benefits 
                                of the deployed systems;
                                  ``(II) data on the effect of 
                                measuring and improving transportation 
                                system performance through the 
                                deployment of advanced technologies;
                                  ``(III) the effectiveness of 
                                providing real-time integrated traffic, 
                                transit, and multimodal transportation 
                                information to the public to make 
                                informed travel decisions; and
                                  ``(IV) lessons learned and 
                                recommendations for future deployment 
                                strategies to optimize transportation 
                                efficiency and multimodal system 
                                performance.
                  ``(G) Report.--Not later than 3 years after the date 
                that the first grant is awarded under this paragraph, 
                and each year thereafter, the Secretary shall make 
                available to the public on an Internet Web site a 
                report that describes the effectiveness of grant 
                recipients in meeting their projected deployment plans, 
                including data provided under subparagraph (F) on how 
                the program has--
                          ``(i) reduced traffic-related fatalities and 
                        injuries;
                          ``(ii) reduced traffic congestion and 
                        improved travel time reliability;
                          ``(iii) reduced transportation-related 
                        emissions;
                          ``(iv) optimized multimodal system 
                        performance;
                          ``(v) improved access to transportation 
                        alternatives;
                          ``(vi) provided the public with access to 
                        real-time integrated traffic, transit, and 
                        multimodal transportation information to make 
                        informed travel decisions;
                          ``(vii) provided cost savings to 
                        transportation agencies, businesses, and the 
                        traveling public; or
                          ``(viii) provided other benefits to 
                        transportation users and the general public.
                  ``(H) Additional grants.--The Secretary may cease to 
                provide additional grant funds to a recipient of a 
                grant under this paragraph if--
                          ``(i) the Secretary determines from such 
                        recipient's report that the recipient is not 
                        carrying out the requirements of the grant; and
                          ``(ii) the Secretary provides written notice 
                        60 days prior to withholding funds to the 
                        Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure 
                        of the House of Representatives and the 
                        Committee on Environment and Public Works of 
                        the Senate.
                  ``(I) Funding.--
                          ``(i) In general.--From funds made available 
                        to carry out section 503(b), this subsection, 
                        and sections 512 through 518, the Secretary 
                        shall set aside for grants awarded under 
                        subparagraph (D) $75,000,000 for each of fiscal 
                        years 2016 through 2021.
                          ``(ii) Expenses for the secretary.--Of the 
                        amounts set aside under clause (i), the 
                        Secretary may set aside $2,000,000 each fiscal 
                        year for program reporting, evaluation, and 
                        administrative costs related to this paragraph.
                  ``(J) Federal share.--The Federal share of the cost 
                of a project for which a grant is awarded under this 
                subsection shall not exceed 50 percent of the cost of 
                the project.
                  ``(K) Grant limitation.--The Secretary may not award 
                more than 20 percent of the amount described under 
                subparagraph (I) in a fiscal year to a single grant 
                recipient.
                  ``(L) Expenses for grant recipients.--A grant 
                recipient under this paragraph may use not more than 5 
                percent of the funds awarded each fiscal year to carry 
                out planning and reporting requirements.
                  ``(M) Grant flexibility.--
                          ``(i) In general.--If, by August 1 of each 
                        fiscal year, the Secretary determines that 
                        there are not enough grant applications that 
                        meet the requirements described in subparagraph 
                        (C) to carry out this section for a fiscal 
                        year, the Secretary shall transfer to the 
                        programs specified in clause (ii)--
                                  ``(I) any of the funds reserved for 
                                the fiscal year under subparagraph (I) 
                                that the Secretary has not yet awarded 
                                under this paragraph; and
                                  ``(II) an amount of obligation 
                                limitation equal to the amount of funds 
                                that the Secretary transfers under 
                                subclause (I).
                          ``(ii) Programs.--The programs referred to in 
                        clause (i) are--
                                  ``(I) the program under section 
                                503(b);
                                  ``(II) the program under section 
                                503(c); and
                                  ``(III) the programs under sections 
                                512 through 518.
                          ``(iii) Distribution.--Any transfer of funds 
                        and obligation limitation under clause (i) 
                        shall be divided among the programs referred to 
                        in that clause in the same proportions as the 
                        Secretary originally reserved funding from the 
                        programs for the fiscal year under subparagraph 
                        (I).
                  ``(N) Definitions.--In this paragraph, the following 
                definitions apply:
                          ``(i) Eligible entity.--The term `eligible 
                        entity' means a State or local government, a 
                        transit agency, metropolitan planning 
                        organization representing a population of over 
                        200,000, or other political subdivision of a 
                        State or local government or a 
                        multijurisdictional group or a consortia of 
                        research institutions or academic institutions.
                          ``(ii) Advanced and congestion management 
                        transportation technologies.--The term 
                        `advanced transportation and congestion 
                        management technologies' means technologies 
                        that improve the efficiency, safety, or state 
                        of good repair of surface transportation 
                        systems, including intelligent transportation 
                        systems.
                          ``(iii) Multijurisdictional group.--The term 
                        `multijurisdictional group' means a any 
                        combination of State governments, locals 
                        governments, metropolitan planning agencies, 
                        transit agencies, or other political 
                        subdivisions of a State for which each member 
                        of the group--
                                  ``(I) has signed a written agreement 
                                to implement the advanced 
                                transportation technologies deployment 
                                initiative across jurisdictional 
                                boundaries; and
                                  ``(II) is an eligible entity under 
                                this paragraph.''.

SEC. 6004. TECHNOLOGY AND INNOVATION DEPLOYMENT PROGRAM.

  Section 503(c)(3) of title 23, United States Code, is amended--
          (1) in subparagraph (C) by striking ``2013 through 2014'' and 
        inserting ``2016 through 2021''; and
          (2) by adding at the end the following:
                  ``(D) Publication.--The Secretary shall make 
                available to the public on an Internet Web site on an 
                annual basis a report on the cost and benefits from 
                deployment of new technology and innovations that 
                substantially and directly resulted from the program 
                established under this paragraph. The report may 
                include an analysis of--
                          ``(i) Federal, State, and local cost savings;
                          ``(ii) project delivery time improvements;
                          ``(iii) reduced fatalities; and
                          ``(iv) congestion impacts.''.

SEC. 6005. INTELLIGENT TRANSPORTATION SYSTEM GOALS.

  Section 514(a) of title 23, United States Code, is amended--
          (1) in paragraph (4) by striking ``and'' at the end;
          (2) in paragraph (5) by striking the period at the end and 
        inserting ``; and''; and
          (3) by adding at the end the following:
          ``(6) enhancement of the national freight system and support 
        to national freight policy goals by conducting heavy duty 
        vehicle demonstration activities and accelerating adoption of 
        intelligent transportation system applications in freight 
        operations.''.

SEC. 6006. INTELLIGENT TRANSPORTATION SYSTEM PROGRAM REPORT.

  Section 515(h)(4) of title 23, United States Code, is amended--
          (1) by striking ``February 1 of each year after the date of 
        enactment of the Transportation Research and Innovative 
        Technology Act of 2012'' and inserting ``May 1 of each year''; 
        and
          (2) by striking ``submit to Congress'' and inserting ``make 
        available to the public on a Department of Transportation Web 
        site''.

SEC. 6007. INTELLIGENT TRANSPORTATION SYSTEM NATIONAL ARCHITECTURE AND 
                    STANDARDS.

  Section 517(a)(3) of title 23, United States Code, is amended by 
striking ``memberships are comprised of, and represent,'' and inserting 
``memberships include representatives of''.

SEC. 6008. COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS DEPLOYMENT REPORT.

  Section 518(a) of title 23, United States Code, is amended by 
striking ``Not later than 3'' and all that follows through ``House of 
Representatives'' and inserting ``Not later than July 6, 2016, the 
Secretary shall make available to the public on a Department of 
Transportation Web site a report''.

SEC. 6009. INFRASTRUCTURE DEVELOPMENT.

  (a) In General.--Chapter 5 of title 23, United States Code, is 
amended by adding at the end the following:

``Sec. 519. Infrastructure development

  ``Funds made available to carry out this chapter for operational 
tests--
          ``(1) shall be used primarily for the development of 
        intelligent transportation system infrastructure, equipment, 
        and systems; and
          ``(2) to the maximum extent practicable, shall not be used 
        for the construction of physical surface transportation 
        infrastructure unless the construction is incidental and 
        critically necessary to the implementation of an intelligent 
        transportation system project.''.
  (b) Technical and Conforming Amendments.--
          (1) Clerical amendment.--The analysis for chapter 5 of title 
        23, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the 
        following new item:

``519. Infrastructure development.''.

          (2) Technical amendment.--The item relating to section 512 in 
        the analysis for chapter 5 of title 23, United States Code, is 
        amended to read as follows:

``512. National ITS program plan.''.

SEC. 6010. DEPARTMENTAL RESEARCH PROGRAMS.

  (a) Assistant Secretary for Research and Technology.--Section 102(e) 
of title 49, United States Code, is amended--
          (1) in paragraph (1) by striking ``5'' and inserting ``6''; 
        and
          (2) in paragraph (1)(A) by inserting ``an Assistant Secretary 
        for Research and Technology,'' after ``Governmental Affairs,''.
  (b) Research Activities.--Section 330 of title 49, United States 
Code, is amended--
          (1) in the section heading by striking ``contracts'' and 
        inserting ``activities'';
          (2) in subsection (a) by striking ``The Secretary of'' and 
        inserting ``In General.--The Secretary of'';
          (3) in subsection (b) by striking ``In carrying'' and 
        inserting ``Responsibilities.--In carrying'';
          (4) in subsection (c) by striking ``The Secretary'' and 
        inserting ``Publications.--The Secretary''; and
          (5) by adding at the end the following:
  ``(d) Duties.--The Secretary shall provide for the following:
          ``(1) Coordination, facilitation, and review of Department of 
        Transportation research and development programs and 
        activities.
          ``(2) Advancement, and research and development, of 
        innovative technologies, including intelligent transportation 
        systems.
          ``(3) Comprehensive transportation statistics research, 
        analysis, and reporting.
          ``(4) Education and training in transportation and 
        transportation-related fields.
          ``(5) Activities of the Volpe National Transportation Systems 
        Center.
          ``(6) Coordination in support of multimodal and 
        multidisciplinary research activities.
  ``(e) Additional Authorities.--The Secretary may--
          ``(1) enter into grants and cooperative agreements with 
        Federal agencies, State and local government agencies, other 
        public entities, private organizations, and other persons to 
        conduct research into transportation service and infrastructure 
        assurance and to carry out other research activities of the 
        Department of Transportation;
          ``(2) carry out, on a cost-shared basis, collaborative 
        research and development to encourage innovative solutions to 
        multimodal transportation problems and stimulate the deployment 
        of new technology with--
                  ``(A) non-Federal entities, including State and local 
                governments, foreign governments, institutions of 
                higher education, corporations, institutions, 
                partnerships, sole proprietorships, and trade 
                associations that are incorporated or established under 
                the laws of any State;
                  ``(B) Federal laboratories; and
                  ``(C) other Federal agencies; and
          ``(3) directly initiate contracts, grants, cooperative 
        research and development agreements (as defined in section 12 
        of the Stevenson-Wydler Technology Innovation Act of 1980 (15 
        U.S.C. 3710a)), and other agreements to fund, and accept funds 
        from, the Transportation Research Board of the National 
        Academies, State departments of transportation, cities, 
        counties, institutions of higher education, associations, and 
        the agents of those entities to carry out joint transportation 
        research and technology efforts.
  ``(f) Federal Share.--
          ``(1) In general.--Subject to paragraph (2), the Federal 
        share of the cost of an activity carried out under subsection 
        (e)(3) shall not exceed 50 percent.
          ``(2) Exception.--If the Secretary determines that the 
        activity is of substantial public interest or benefit, the 
        Secretary may approve a greater Federal share.
          ``(3) Non-federal share.--All costs directly incurred by the 
        non-Federal partners, including personnel, travel, facility, 
        and hardware development costs, shall be credited toward the 
        non-Federal share of the cost of an activity described in 
        subsection (e)(3).
  ``(g) Program Evaluation and Oversight.--For each of fiscal years 
2016 through 2021, the Secretary is authorized to expend not more than 
1 and a half percent of the amounts authorized to be appropriated for 
the coordination, evaluation, and oversight of the programs 
administered by the Office of the Assistant Secretary for Research and 
Technology.
  ``(h) Use of Technology.--The research, development, or use of a 
technology under a contract, grant, cooperative research and 
development agreement, or other agreement entered into under this 
section, including the terms under which the technology may be licensed 
and the resulting royalties may be distributed, shall be subject to the 
Stevenson-Wydler Technology Innovation Act of 1980 (15 U.S.C. 3701 et 
seq.).
  ``(i) Waiver of Advertising Requirements.--Section 6101 of title 41 
shall not apply to a contract, grant, or other agreement entered into 
under this section.''.
  (c) Clerical Amendment.--The item relating to section 330 in the 
analysis of chapter 3 of title 49, United States Code, is amended to 
read as follows:

``330. Research activities.''.

  (d) Technical and Conforming Amendments.--
          (1) Title 5 amendments.--
                  (A) Positions at level ii.--Section 5313 of title 5, 
                United States Code, is amended by striking ``The Under 
                Secretary of Transportation for Security.''.
                  (B) Positions at level iv.--Section 5315 of title 5, 
                United States Code, is amended in the undesignated item 
                relating to Assistant Secretaries of Transportation by 
                striking ``(4)'' and inserting ``(5)''.
                  (C) Positions at level v.--Section 5316 of title 5, 
                United States Code, is amended by striking ``Associate 
                Deputy Secretary, Department of Transportation.''.
          (2) Bureau of transportation statistics.--Section 6302(a) of 
        title 49, United States Code, is amended to read as follows:
  ``(a) In General.--There shall be within the Department of 
Transportation the Bureau of Transportation Statistics.''.

SEC. 6011. RESEARCH AND INNOVATIVE TECHNOLOGY ADMINISTRATION.

  (a) Repeal.--Section 112 of title 49, United States Code, is 
repealed.
  (b) Clerical Amendment.--The analysis for chapter 1 of title 49, 
United States Code, is amended by striking the item relating to section 
112.

SEC. 6012. OFFICE OF INTERMODALISM.

  (a) Repeal.--Section 5503 of title 49, United States Code, is 
repealed.
  (b) Clerical Amendment.--The analysis for chapter 55 of title 49, 
United States Code, is amended by striking the item relating to section 
5503.

SEC. 6013. UNIVERSITY TRANSPORTATION CENTERS.

  Section 5505 of title 49, United States Code, is amended to read as 
follows:

``Sec. 5505. University transportation centers program

  ``(a) University Transportation Centers Program.--
          ``(1) Establishment and operation.--The Secretary shall make 
        grants under this section to eligible nonprofit institutions of 
        higher education to establish and operate university 
        transportation centers.
          ``(2) Role of centers.--The role of each university 
        transportation center referred to in paragraph (1) shall be--
                  ``(A) to advance transportation expertise and 
                technology in the varied disciplines that comprise the 
                field of transportation through education, research, 
                and technology transfer activities;
                  ``(B) to provide for a critical transportation 
                knowledge base outside of the Department of 
                Transportation; and
                  ``(C) to address critical workforce needs and educate 
                the next generation of transportation leaders.
  ``(b) Competitive Selection Process.--
          ``(1) Applications.--To receive a grant under this section, a 
        consortium of nonprofit institutions of higher education shall 
        submit to the Secretary an application that is in such form and 
        contains such information as the Secretary may require.
          ``(2) Limitation.--A lead institution of a consortium of 
        nonprofit institutions of higher education, as applicable, may 
        only submit 1 grant application per fiscal year for each of the 
        transportation centers described under paragraphs (2), (3), and 
        (4) of subsection (c).
          ``(3) Coordination.--The Secretary shall solicit grant 
        applications for national transportation centers, regional 
        transportation centers, and Tier 1 university transportation 
        centers with identical advertisement schedules and deadlines.
          ``(4) General selection criteria.--
                  ``(A) In general.--Except as otherwise provided by 
                this section, the Secretary shall award grants under 
                this section in nonexclusive candidate topic areas 
                established by the Secretary that address the research 
                priorities identified in section 503 of title 23.
                  ``(B) Criteria.--The Secretary, in consultation with 
                the Assistant Secretary for Research and Technology and 
                the Administrator of the Federal Highway 
                Administration, shall select each recipient of a grant 
                under this section through a competitive process based 
                on the assessment of the Secretary relating to--
                          ``(i) the demonstrated ability of the 
                        recipient to address each specific topic area 
                        described in the research and strategic plans 
                        of the recipient;
                          ``(ii) the demonstrated research, technology 
                        transfer, and education resources available to 
                        the recipient to carry out this section;
                          ``(iii) the ability of the recipient to 
                        provide leadership in solving immediate and 
                        long-range national and regional transportation 
                        problems;
                          ``(iv) the ability of the recipient to carry 
                        out research, education, and technology 
                        transfer activities that are multimodal and 
                        multidisciplinary in scope;
                          ``(v) the demonstrated commitment of the 
                        recipient to carry out transportation workforce 
                        development programs through--
                                  ``(I) degree-granting programs or 
                                programs that provide other industry-
                                recognized credentials; and
                                  ``(II) outreach activities to attract 
                                new entrants into the transportation 
                                field, including women and 
                                underrepresented populations;
                          ``(vi) the demonstrated ability of the 
                        recipient to disseminate results and spur the 
                        implementation of transportation research and 
                        education programs through national or 
                        statewide continuing education programs;
                          ``(vii) the demonstrated commitment of the 
                        recipient to the use of peer review principles 
                        and other research best practices in the 
                        selection, management, and dissemination of 
                        research projects;
                          ``(viii) the strategic plan submitted by the 
                        recipient describing the proposed research to 
                        be carried out by the recipient and the 
                        performance metrics to be used in assessing the 
                        performance of the recipient in meeting the 
                        stated research, technology transfer, 
                        education, and outreach goals; and
                          ``(ix) the ability of the recipient to 
                        implement the proposed program in a cost-
                        efficient manner, such as through cost sharing 
                        and overall reduced overhead, facilities, and 
                        administrative costs.
          ``(5) Transparency.--
                  ``(A) In general.--The Secretary shall provide to 
                each applicant, upon request, any materials, including 
                copies of reviews (with any information that would 
                identify a reviewer redacted), used in the evaluation 
                process of the proposal of the applicant.
                  ``(B) Reports.--The Secretary shall submit to the 
                Committees on Transportation and Infrastructure and 
                Science, Space, and Technology of the House of 
                Representatives and the Committee on Environment and 
                Public Works of the Senate a report describing the 
                overall review process under paragraph (3) that 
                includes--
                          ``(i) specific criteria of evaluation used in 
                        the review;
                          ``(ii) descriptions of the review process; 
                        and
                          ``(iii) explanations of the selected awards.
          ``(6) Outside stakeholders.--The Secretary shall, to the 
        maximum extent practicable, consult external stakeholders such 
        as the Transportation Research Board of the National Research 
        Council of the National Academies to evaluate and competitively 
        review all proposals.
  ``(c) Grants.--
          ``(1) In general.--Not later than 1 year after the date of 
        enactment of this section, the Secretary, Assistant Secretary 
        for Research and Technology, and the Administrator of the 
        Federal Highway Administration shall select grant recipients 
        under subsection (b) and make grant amounts available to the 
        selected recipients.
          ``(2) National transportation centers.--
                  ``(A) In general.--Subject to subparagraph (B), the 
                Secretary shall provide grants to 5 consortia that the 
                Secretary determines best meet the criteria described 
                in subsection (b)(4).
                  ``(B) Restrictions.--
                          ``(i) In general.--For each fiscal year, a 
                        grant made available under this paragraph shall 
                        be not greater than $4,000,000 and not less 
                        than $2,000,000 per recipient.
                          ``(ii) Focused research.--A consortium 
                        receiving a grant under this paragraph shall 
                        focus research on 1 of the transportation issue 
                        areas specified in section 508(a)(2) of title 
                        23.
                  ``(C) Matching requirement.--
                          ``(i) In general.--As a condition of 
                        receiving a grant under this paragraph, a grant 
                        recipient shall match 100 percent of the 
                        amounts made available under the grant.
                          ``(ii) Sources.--The matching amounts 
                        referred to in clause (i) may include amounts 
                        made available to the recipient under--
                                  ``(I) section 504(b) of title 23; or
                                  ``(II) section 505 of title 23.
          ``(3) Regional university transportation centers.--
                  ``(A) Location of regional centers.--One regional 
                university transportation center shall be located in 
                each of the 10 Federal regions that comprise the 
                Standard Federal Regions established by the Office of 
                Management and Budget in the document entitled 
                `Standard Federal Regions' and dated April 1974 
                (circular A-105).
                  ``(B) Selection criteria.--In conducting a 
                competition under subsection (b), the Secretary shall 
                provide grants to 10 consortia on the basis of--
                          ``(i) the criteria described in subsection 
                        (b)(4);
                          ``(ii) the location of the lead center within 
                        the Federal region to be served; and
                          ``(iii) whether the consortium of 
                        institutions demonstrates that the consortium 
                        has a well-established, nationally recognized 
                        program in transportation research and 
                        education, as evidenced by--
                                  ``(I) recent expenditures by the 
                                institution in highway or public 
                                transportation research;
                                  ``(II) a historical track record of 
                                awarding graduate degrees in 
                                professional fields closely related to 
                                highways and public transportation; and
                                  ``(III) an experienced faculty who 
                                specialize in professional fields 
                                closely related to highways and public 
                                transportation.
                  ``(C) Restrictions.--For each fiscal year, a grant 
                made available under this paragraph shall be not 
                greater than $3,000,000 and not less than $1,500,000 
                per recipient.
                  ``(D) Matching requirements.--
                          ``(i) In general.--As a condition of 
                        receiving a grant under this paragraph, a grant 
                        recipient shall match 100 percent of the 
                        amounts made available under the grant.
                          ``(ii) Sources.--The matching amounts 
                        referred to in clause (i) may include amounts 
                        made available to the recipient under--
                                  ``(I) section 504(b) of title 23; or
                                  ``(II) section 505 of title 23.
                  ``(E) Focused research.--The Secretary shall make a 
                grant to 1 of the 10 regional university transportation 
                centers established under this paragraph for the 
                purpose of furthering the objectives described in 
                subsection (a)(2) in the field of comprehensive 
                transportation safety.
          ``(4) Tier 1 university transportation centers.--
                  ``(A) In general.--The Secretary shall provide grants 
                of not greater than $2,000,000 and not less than 
                $1,000,000 to not more than 20 recipients to carry out 
                this paragraph.
                  ``(B) Matching requirement.--
                          ``(i) In general.--As a condition of 
                        receiving a grant under this paragraph, a grant 
                        recipient shall match 50 percent of the amounts 
                        made available under the grant.
                          ``(ii) Sources.--The matching amounts 
                        referred to in clause (i) may include amounts 
                        made available to the recipient under--
                                  ``(I) section 504(b) of title 23; or
                                  ``(II) section 505 of title 23.
                  ``(C) Focused research.--In awarding grants under 
                this section, consideration shall be given to minority 
                institutions, as defined by section 365 of the Higher 
                Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1067k), or consortia 
                that include such institutions that have demonstrated 
                an ability in transportation-related research.
  ``(d) Program Coordination.--
          ``(1) In general.--The Secretary shall--
                  ``(A) coordinate the research, education, and 
                technology transfer activities carried out by grant 
                recipients under this section; and
                  ``(B) disseminate the results of that research 
                through the establishment and operation of a publicly 
                accessible online information clearinghouse.
          ``(2) Annual review and evaluation.--Not less frequently than 
        annually, and consistent with the plan developed under section 
        508 of title 23, the Secretary shall--
                  ``(A) review and evaluate the programs carried out 
                under this section by grant recipients; and
                  ``(B) submit to the Committees on Transportation and 
                Infrastructure and Science, Space, and Technology of 
                the House of Representatives and the Committee on 
                Environment and Public Works of the Senate a report 
                describing that review and evaluation.
          ``(3) Program evaluation and oversight.--For each of fiscal 
        years 2016 through 2021, the Secretary shall expend not more 
        than 1 and a half percent of the amounts made available to the 
        Secretary to carry out this section for any coordination, 
        evaluation, and oversight activities of the Secretary under 
        this section.
  ``(e) Limitation on Availability of Amounts.--Amounts made available 
to the Secretary to carry out this section shall remain available for 
obligation by the Secretary for a period of 3 years after the last day 
of the fiscal year for which the amounts are authorized.
  ``(f) Information Collection.--Any survey, questionnaire, or 
interview that the Secretary determines to be necessary to carry out 
reporting requirements relating to any program assessment or evaluation 
activity under this section, including customer satisfaction 
assessments, shall not be subject to chapter 35 of title 44.''.

SEC. 6014. BUREAU OF TRANSPORTATION STATISTICS.

  (a) Bureau of Transportation Statistics.--Section 6302(b)(3)(B) of 
title 49, United States Code, is amended--
          (1) in clause (vi)(III) by striking ``section 6310'' and 
        inserting ``section 6309'';
          (2) by redesignating clauses (vii), (viii), (ix), and (x) as 
        clauses (x), (xi), (xii), and (xiii), respectively; and
          (3) by inserting after clause (vi) the following:
                          ``(vii) develop and improve transportation 
                        economic accounts to meet demand for methods 
                        for estimating the economic value of 
                        transportation infrastructure, investment, and 
                        services;
                          ``(viii) not be required to obtain the 
                        approval of any other officer or employee of 
                        the Department in connection with the 
                        collection or analysis of any information;
                          ``(ix) not be required, prior to publication, 
                        to obtain the approval of any other officer or 
                        employee of the Federal Government with respect 
                        to the substance of any statistical technical 
                        reports or press releases that the Director has 
                        prepared in accordance with the law;''.
  (b) Technical Amendment.--Section 6311(5) of title 49, United States 
Code, is amended by striking ``section 6310'' and inserting ``section 
6309''.

SEC. 6015. SURFACE TRANSPORTATION SYSTEM FUNDING ALTERNATIVES.

  (a) In General.--The Secretary shall establish a program to provide 
grants to States to demonstrate user-based alternative revenue 
mechanisms that utilize a user fee structure to maintain the long-term 
solvency of the Highway Trust Fund.
  (b) Application.--To be eligible for a grant under this section, a 
State or group of States shall submit to the Secretary an application 
in such form and containing such information as the Secretary may 
require.
  (c) Objectives.--The Secretary shall ensure that the activities 
carried out using funds provided under this section meet the following 
objectives:
          (1) To test the design, acceptance, and implementation of 2 
        or more future user-based alternative revenue mechanisms.
          (2) To improve the functionality of such user-based 
        alternative revenue mechanisms.
          (3) To conduct outreach to increase public awareness 
        regarding the need for alternative funding sources for surface 
        transportation programs and to provide information on possible 
        approaches.
          (4) To provide recommendations regarding adoption and 
        implementation of user-based alternative revenue mechanisms.
          (5) To minimize the administrative cost of any potential 
        user-based alternative revenue mechanisms.
  (d) Use of Funds.--A State or group of States receiving funds under 
this section to test the design, acceptance, and implementation of a 
user-based alternative revenue mechanism--
          (1) shall address--
                  (A) the implementation, interoperability, public 
                acceptance, and other potential hurdles to the adoption 
                of the user-based alternative revenue mechanism;
                  (B) the protection of personal privacy;
                  (C) the use of independent and private third-party 
                vendors to collect fees and operate the user-based 
                alternative revenue mechanism;
                  (D) market-based congestion mitigation, if 
                appropriate;
                  (E) equity concerns, including the impacts of the 
                user-based alternative revenue mechanism on differing 
                income groups, various geographic areas, and the 
                relative burdens on rural and urban drivers;
                  (F) ease of compliance for different users of the 
                transportation system; and
                  (G) the reliability and security of technology used 
                to implement the user-based alternative revenue 
                mechanism; and
          (2) may address--
                  (A) the flexibility and choices of user-based 
                alternative revenue mechanisms, including the ability 
                of users to select from various technology and payment 
                options;
                  (B) the cost of administering the user-based 
                alternative revenue mechanism; and
                  (C) the ability of the administering entity to audit 
                and enforce user compliance.
  (e) Consideration.--The Secretary shall consider geographic diversity 
in awarding grants under this section.
  (f) Limitations on Revenue Collected.--Any revenue collected through 
a user-based alternative revenue mechanism established using funds 
provided under this section shall not be considered a toll under 
section 301 of title 23, United States Code.
  (g) Federal Share.--The Federal share of the cost of an activity 
carried out under this section may not exceed 50 percent of the total 
cost of the activity.
  (h) Report to Secretary.--Not later than 1 year after the date on 
which the first eligible entity receives a grant under this section, 
and each year thereafter, each recipient of a grant under this section 
shall submit to the Secretary a report that describes--
          (1) how the demonstration activities carried out with grant 
        funds meet the objectives described in subsection (c); and
          (2) lessons learned for future deployment of alternative 
        revenue mechanisms that utilize a user fee structure.
  (i) Biennial Reports.--Not later than 2 years after the date of 
enactment of this Act, and every 2 years thereafter until the 
completion of the demonstration activities under this section, the 
Secretary shall make available to the public on an Internet Web site a 
report describing the progress of the demonstration activities.
  (j) Funding.--Of the funds authorized to carry out section 503(b) of 
title 23, United States Code--
          (1) $15,000,000 shall be used to carry out this section for 
        fiscal year 2016; and
          (2) $20,000,000 shall be used to carry out this section for 
        each of fiscal years 2017 through 2021.
  (k) Grant Flexibility.--If, by August 1 of each fiscal year, the 
Secretary determines that there are not enough grant applications that 
meet the requirements of this section for a fiscal year, Secretary 
shall transfer to the program under section 503(b) of title 23, United 
States Code--
          (1) any of the funds reserved for the fiscal year under 
        subsection (j) that the Secretary has not yet awarded under 
        this section; and
          (2) an amount of obligation limitation equal to the amount of 
        funds that the Secretary transfers under paragraph (1).

SEC. 6016. FUTURE INTERSTATE STUDY.

  (a) Future Interstate System Study.--Not later than 180 days after 
the date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall enter into an 
agreement with the Transportation Research Board of the National 
Academies to conduct a study on the actions needed to upgrade and 
restore the Dwight D. Eisenhower National System of Interstate and 
Defense Highways to its role as a premier system that meets the growing 
and shifting demands of the 21st century.
  (b) Methodologies.--In conducting the study, the Transportation 
Research Board shall build on the methodologies examined and 
recommended in the report prepared for the American Association of 
State Highway and Transportation Officials titled ``National 
Cooperative Highway Research Program Project 20-24(79): Specifications 
for a National Study of the Future 3R, 4R, and Capacity Needs of the 
Interstate System'', dated December 2013.
  (c) Contents of Study.--The study--
          (1) shall include specific recommendations regarding the 
        features, standards, capacity needs, application of 
        technologies, and intergovernmental roles to upgrade the 
        Interstate System, including any revisions to law (including 
        regulations) that the Transportation Research Board determines 
        appropriate; and
          (2) is encouraged to build on the institutional knowledge in 
        the highway industry in applying the techniques involved in 
        implementing the study.
  (d) Considerations.--In carrying out the study, the Transportation 
Research Board shall determine the need for reconstruction and 
improvement of the Interstate System by considering--
          (1) future demands on transportation infrastructure 
        determined for national planning purposes, including commercial 
        and private traffic flows to serve future economic activity and 
        growth;
          (2) the expected condition of the current Interstate System 
        over the period of 50 years beginning on the date of enactment 
        of this Act, including long-term deterioration and 
        reconstruction needs;
          (3) features that would take advantage of technological 
        capabilities to address modern standards of construction, 
        maintenance, and operations, for purposes of safety, and system 
        management, taking into further consideration system 
        performance and cost; and
          (4) the resources necessary to maintain and improve the 
        Interstate System.
  (e) Consultation.--In carrying out the study, the Transportation 
Research Board--
          (1) shall convene and consult with a panel of national 
        experts, including operators and users of the Interstate System 
        and private sector stakeholders; and
          (2) is encouraged to consult with--
                  (A) the Federal Highway Administration;
                  (B) States;
                  (C) planning agencies at the metropolitan, State, and 
                regional levels;
                  (D) the motor carrier industry;
                  (E) freight shippers;
                  (F) highway safety groups; and
                  (G) other appropriate entities.
  (f) Report.--Not later than 3 years after the date of enactment of 
this Act, the Transportation Research Board shall make available to the 
public on an Internet Web site the results of the study conducted under 
this section.
  (g) Funding.--From funds made available to carry out section 503(b) 
of title 23, United States Code, the Secretary may use to carry out 
this section up to $5,000,000 for fiscal year 2016.

SEC. 6017. HIGHWAY EFFICIENCY.

  (a) Study.--
          (1) In general.--The Assistant Secretary of Transportation 
        for Research and Technology may examine the impact of pavement 
        durability and sustainability on vehicle fuel consumption, 
        vehicle wear and tear, road conditions, and road repairs.
          (2) Methodology.--In carrying out the study, the Assistant 
        Secretary shall--
                  (A) conduct a thorough review of relevant peer-
                reviewed research published during at least the past 5 
                years;
                  (B) analyze impacts of different types of pavement on 
                all motor vehicle types, including commercial vehicles;
                  (C) specifically examine the impact of pavement 
                deformation and deflection; and
                  (D) analyze impacts of different types of pavement on 
                road conditions and road repairs.
          (3) Consultation.--In carrying out the study, the Assistant 
        Secretary shall consult with--
                  (A) experts from the different modal administrations 
                of the Department and from other Federal agencies, 
                including the National Institute of Standards and 
                Technology;
                  (B) State departments of transportation;
                  (C) local government engineers and public works 
                professionals;
                  (D) industry stakeholders; and
                  (E) appropriate academic experts active in the field.
  (b) Report.--
          (1) In general.--Not later than 1 year after the date of 
        enactment of this Act, the Assistant Secretary shall publish on 
        a public Web site the results of the study.
          (2) Contents.--The report shall include--
                  (A) a summary of the different types of pavements 
                analyzed in the study and the impacts of pavement 
                durability and sustainability on vehicle fuel 
                consumption, vehicle wear and tear, road conditions, 
                and road repairs; and
                  (B) recommendations for State and local governments 
                on best practice methods for improving pavement 
                durability and sustainability to maximize vehicle fuel 
                economy, ride quality, and road conditions and to 
                minimize the need for road and vehicle repairs.

SEC. 6018. MOTORCYCLE SAFETY.

  (a) Study.--The Assistant Secretary for Research and Technology of 
the Department of Transportation may enter into an agreement, within 45 
days after the date of enactment of this Act, with the National Academy 
of Sciences to conduct a study on the most effective means of 
preventing motorcycle crashes.
  (b) Publication.--The Assistant Secretary may make available the 
findings on a public Web site within 30 days after receiving the 
results of the study from the National Academy of Sciences.

SEC. 6019. HAZARDOUS MATERIALS RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT.

  Section 5118 of title 49, United States Code, is amended--
          (1) in subsection (a)(2)--
                  (A) in subparagraph (A) by striking ``and'' at the 
                end;
                  (B) in subparagraph (B) by striking the period at the 
                end and inserting ``; and''; and
                  (C) by adding at the end the following:
                  ``(C) coordinate, as appropriate, with other Federal 
                agencies.''; and
          (2) by adding at the end the following new subsection:
  ``(c) Cooperative Research.--
          ``(1) In general.--As part of the program established in 
        subsection (a), the Secretary may carry out cooperative 
        research on hazardous materials transport.
          ``(2) National academies.--The Secretary may enter into an 
        agreement with the National Academies to support such research.
          ``(3) Research.--Research conducted under this subsection may 
        include activities related to--
                  ``(A) emergency planning and response, including 
                information and programs that can be readily assessed 
                and implemented in local jurisdictions;
                  ``(B) risk analysis and perception and data 
                assessment;
                  ``(C) commodity flow data, including voluntary 
                collaboration between shippers and first responders for 
                secure data exchange of critical information;
                  ``(D) integration of safety and security;
                  ``(E) cargo packaging and handling;
                  ``(F) hazmat release consequences; and
                  ``(G) materials and equipment testing.''.

SEC. 6020. WEB-BASED TRAINING FOR EMERGENCY RESPONDERS.

  Section 5115(a) of title 49, United States Code, is amended by 
inserting ``, including online curriculum as appropriate,'' after ``a 
current curriculum of courses''.

SEC. 6021. TRANSPORTATION TECHNOLOGY POLICY WORKING GROUP.

  To improve the scientific pursuit and research procedures concerning 
transportation, the Assistant Secretary for Research and Technology may 
convene an interagency working group to--
          (1) develop within 1 year after the date of enactment of this 
        Act a national transportation research framework;
          (2) identify opportunities for coordination between the 
        Department and universities and the private sector, and 
        prioritize these opportunities;
          (3) identify and develop a plan to implement best practices 
        for moving transportation research results out of the 
        laboratory and into application; and
          (4) identify and develop a plan to address related workforce 
        development needs.

SEC. 6022. COLLABORATION AND SUPPORT.

  The Secretary may solicit the support of, and identify opportunities 
to collaborate with, other Federal research agencies and national 
laboratories to assist in the effective and efficient pursuit and 
resolution of research challenges identified by the Secretary.

SEC. 6023. PRIZE COMPETITIONS.

  Section 502(b)(7) of title 23, United States Code, is amended--
          (1) in subparagraph (D)--
                  (A) by inserting ``(such as www.challenge.gov)'' 
                after ``public website'';
                  (B) by redesignating clauses (iii) and (iv) as 
                clauses (iv) and (v), respectively;
                  (C) by inserting after clause (ii) the following:
                          ``(iii) the process for participants to 
                        register for the competition;''; and
                  (D) in clause (iv) (as redesignated by subparagraph 
                (B)) by striking ``prize'' and inserting ``cash prize 
                purse'';
          (2) in subparagraph (E) by striking ``prize'' both places it 
        appears and inserting ``cash prize purse'';
          (3) by redesignating subparagraphs (F) through (K) as 
        subparagraphs (G) through (L), respectively;
          (4) by inserting after subparagraph (E) the following:
                  ``(F) Use of federal facilities; consultation with 
                federal employees.--An individual or entity is not 
                ineligible to receive a cash prize purse under this 
                paragraph as a result of the individual or entity using 
                a Federal facility or consulting with a Federal 
                employee related to the individual or entity's 
                participation in a prize competition under this 
                paragraph unless the same facility or employee is made 
                available to all individuals and entities participating 
                in the prize competition on an equitable basis.'';
          (5) in subparagraph (G) (as redesignated by paragraph (3) of 
        this section)--
                  (A) in clause (i)(I) by striking ``competition'' and 
                inserting ``prize competition under this paragraph'';
                  (B) in clause (ii)(I)--
                          (i) by striking ``participation in a 
                        competition'' and inserting ``participation in 
                        a prize competition under this paragraph''; and
                          (ii) by striking ``competition activities'' 
                        and inserting ``prize competition activities''; 
                        and
                  (C) by adding at the end the following:
                          ``(iii) Intellectual property.--
                                  ``(I) Prohibition on requiring 
                                waiver.--The Secretary may not require 
                                a participant to waive claims against 
                                the Department arising out of the 
                                unauthorized use or disclosure by the 
                                Department of the intellectual 
                                property, trade secrets, or 
                                confidential business information of 
                                the participant.
                                  ``(II) Prohibition on government 
                                acquisition of intellectual property 
                                rights.--The Federal Government may not 
                                gain an interest in intellectual 
                                property developed by a participant for 
                                a prize competition under this 
                                paragraph without the written consent 
                                of the participant.
                                  ``(III) Licenses.--The Federal 
                                Government may negotiate a license for 
                                the use of intellectual property 
                                developed by a participant for a prize 
                                competition under this paragraph.'';
          (6) in subparagraph (H)(i) (as redesignated by paragraph (3) 
        of this section) by striking ``subparagraph (H)'' and inserting 
        ``subparagraph (I)'';
          (7) in subparagraph (I) (as redesignated by paragraph (3) of 
        this section) by striking ``an agreement with a private, 
        nonprofit entity'' and inserting ``a grant, contract, 
        cooperative agreement, or other agreement with a private sector 
        for-profit or nonprofit entity'';
          (8) in subparagraph (J) (as redesignated by paragraph (3) of 
        this section)--
                  (A) in clause (i)--
                          (i) in subclause (I) by striking ``the 
                        private sector'' and inserting ``private sector 
                        for-profit and nonprofit entities, to be 
                        available to the extent provided by 
                        appropriations Acts'';
                          (ii) in subclause (II) by striking ``and 
                        metropolitan planning organizations'' and 
                        inserting ``metropolitan planning 
                        organizations, and private sector for-profit 
                        and nonprofit entities''; and
                          (iii) in subclause (III) by inserting ``for-
                        profit or nonprofit'' after ``private sector'';
                  (B) in clause (ii) by striking ``prize awards'' and 
                inserting ``cash prize purses'';
                  (C) in clause (iv)--
                          (i) by inserting ``competition'' after ``A 
                        prize''; and
                          (ii) by striking ``the prize'' and inserting 
                        ``the cash prize purse'';
                  (D) in clause (v)--
                          (i) by striking ``amount of a prize'' and 
                        inserting ``amount of a cash prize purse'';
                          (ii) by inserting ``competition'' after 
                        ``announcement of the prize''; and
                          (iii) in subclause (I) by inserting 
                        ``competition'' after ``prize'';
                  (E) in clause (vi) by striking ``offer a prize'' and 
                inserting ``offer a cash prize purse''; and
                  (F) in clause (vii) by striking ``cash prizes'' and 
                inserting ``cash prize purses'';
          (9) in subparagraph (K) (as redesignated by paragraph (3) of 
        this section) by striking ``or providing a prize'' and 
        inserting ``a prize competition or providing a cash prize 
        purse''; and
          (10) in subparagraph (L)(ii) (as redesignated by paragraph 
        (3) of this section)--
                  (A) in subclause (I) by striking ``The Secretary'' 
                and inserting ``Not later than March 1 of each year, 
                the Secretary''; and
                  (B) in subclause (II)--
                          (i) in item (cc) by striking ``cash prizes'' 
                        both places it appears and inserting ``cash 
                        prize purses''; and
                          (ii) in item (ee) by striking ``agency'' and 
                        inserting ``Department''.

SEC. 6024. GAO REPORT.

  Not later than 2 years after the date of enactment of this Act, the 
Comptroller General of the United States shall make available to the 
public a report that--
          (1) assesses the status of autonomous transportation 
        technology policy developed by public entities in the United 
        States;
          (2) assesses the organizational readiness of the Department 
        to address autonomous vehicle technology challenges; and
          (3) recommends implementation paths for autonomous 
        transportation technology, applications, and policies that are 
        based on the assessment described in paragraph (2).

SEC. 6025. INTELLIGENT TRANSPORTATION SYSTEM PURPOSES.

  Section 514(b) of title 23, United States Code, is amended--
          (1) in paragraph (8) by striking ``and'' at the end;
          (2) in paragraph (9) by striking the period at the end and 
        inserting ``; and''; and
          (3) by adding at the end the following:
          ``(10) to assist in the development of cybersecurity 
        standards in cooperation with relevant modal administrations of 
        the Department of Transportation and other Federal agencies to 
        help prevent hacking, spoofing, and disruption of connected and 
        automated transportation vehicles.''.

SEC. 6026. INFRASTRUCTURE INTEGRITY.

  Section 503(b)(3)(C) of title 23, United States Code, is amended--
          (1) in clause (xviii) by striking ``and'' at the end;
          (2) in clause (xix) by striking the period at the end and 
        inserting ``; and'' ; and
          (3) by adding at the end the following:
                          ``(xx) corrosion prevention measures for the 
                        structural integrity of bridges.''.

             TITLE VII--HAZARDOUS MATERIALS TRANSPORTATION

SEC. 7001. SHORT TITLE.

  This title may be cited as the ``Hazardous Materials Transportation 
Safety Improvement Act of 2015''.

SEC. 7002. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

  Section 5128 of title 49, United States Code, is amended to read as 
follows:

``Sec. 5128. Authorization of appropriations

  ``(a) In General.--There are authorized to be appropriated to the 
Secretary to carry out this chapter (except sections 5107(e), 
5108(g)(2), 5113, 5115, 5116, and 5119)--
          ``(1) $53,000,000 for fiscal year 2016;
          ``(2) $55,000,000 for fiscal year 2017;
          ``(3) $57,000,000 for fiscal year 2018;
          ``(4) $58,000,000 for fiscal year 2019;
          ``(5) $60,000,000 for fiscal year 2020; and
          ``(6) $62,000,000 for fiscal year 2021.
  ``(b) Hazardous Materials Emergency Preparedness Fund.--From the 
Hazardous Materials Emergency Preparedness Fund established under 
section 5116(h), the Secretary may expend, for each of fiscal years 
2016 through 2021--
          ``(1) $21,988,000 to carry out section 5116(a);
          ``(2) $150,000 to carry out section 5116(e);
          ``(3) $625,000 to publish and distribute the Emergency 
        Response Guidebook under section 5116(h)(3); and
          ``(4) $1,000,000 to carry out section 5116(i).
  ``(c) Hazardous Materials Training Grants.--From the Hazardous 
Materials Emergency Preparedness Fund established pursuant to section 
5116(h), the Secretary may expend $5,000,000 for each of fiscal years 
2016 through 2021 to carry out section 5107(e).
  ``(d) Credits to Appropriations.--
          ``(1) Expenses.--In addition to amounts otherwise made 
        available to carry out this chapter, the Secretary may credit 
        amounts received from a State, Indian tribe, or other public 
        authority or private entity for expenses the Secretary incurs 
        in providing training to the State, Indian tribe, authority, or 
        entity.
          ``(2) Availability of amounts.--Amounts made available under 
        this section shall remain available until expended.''.

SEC. 7003. NATIONAL EMERGENCY AND DISASTER RESPONSE.

  Section 5103 of title 49, United States Code, is amended--
          (1) by redesignating subsections (c) and (d) as subsections 
        (d) and (e), respectively; and
          (2) by inserting after subsection (b) the following:
  ``(c) Federally Declared Disasters and Emergencies.--
          ``(1) In general.--The Secretary may by order waive 
        compliance with any part of an applicable standard prescribed 
        under this chapter without prior notice and comment and on 
        terms the Secretary considers appropriate if the Secretary 
        determines that--
                  ``(A) it is in the public interest to grant the 
                waiver;
                  ``(B) the waiver is not inconsistent with the safety 
                of transporting hazardous materials; and
                  ``(C) the waiver is necessary to facilitate the safe 
                movement of hazardous materials into, from, and within 
                an area of a major disaster or emergency that has been 
                declared under the Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief 
                and Emergency Assistance Act (42 U.S.C. 5121 et seq.).
          ``(2) Period of waiver.--A waiver under this subsection may 
        be issued for a period of not more than 60 days and may be 
        renewed upon application to the Secretary only after notice and 
        an opportunity for a hearing on the waiver. The Secretary shall 
        immediately revoke the waiver if continuation of the waiver 
        would not be consistent with the goals and objectives of this 
        chapter.
          ``(3) Statement of reasons.--The Secretary shall include in 
        any order issued under this section the reason for granting the 
        waiver.''.

SEC. 7004. ENHANCED REPORTING.

  Section 5121(h) of title 49, United States Code, is amended by 
striking ``transmit to the Committee on Transportation and 
Infrastructure of the House of Representatives and the Committee on 
Commerce, Science, and Transportation of the Senate'' and inserting 
``make available to the public on the Department of Transportation's 
Internet Web site''.

SEC. 7005. WETLINES.

  (a) Withdrawal.--Not later than 30 days after the date of enactment 
of this Act, the Secretary shall withdraw the proposed rule described 
in the notice of proposed rulemaking issued on January 27, 2011, 
entitled ``Safety Requirements for External Product Piping on Cargo 
Tanks Transporting Flammable Liquids'' (76 Fed. Reg. 4847).
  (b) Savings Clause.--Nothing in this section shall prohibit the 
Secretary from issuing standards or regulations regarding the safety of 
external product piping on cargo tanks transporting flammable liquids 
after the withdrawal is carried out pursuant to subsection (a).

SEC. 7006. IMPROVING PUBLICATION OF SPECIAL PERMITS AND APPROVALS.

  Section 5117 of title 49, United States Code, is amended--
          (1) in subsection (b)--
                  (A) by striking ``an application for a special 
                permit'' and inserting ``an application for a new 
                special permit or a modification to an existing special 
                permit''; and
                  (B) by inserting after the first sentence the 
                following: ``The Secretary shall make available to the 
                public on the Department of Transportation's Internet 
                Web site any special permit other than a new special 
                permit or a modification to an existing special permit 
                and shall give the public an opportunity to inspect the 
                safety analysis and comment on the application for a 
                period of not more than 15 days.''; and
          (2) in subsection (c)--
                  (A) by striking ``publish'' and inserting ``make 
                available to the public'';
                  (B) by striking ``in the Federal Register'';
                  (C) by striking ``180'' and inserting ``120''; and
                  (D) by striking ``the special permit'' each place it 
                appears and inserting ``a special permit or approval''; 
                and
          (3) by adding at the end the following:
  ``(g) Disclosure of Final Action.--The Secretary shall periodically, 
but at least every 120 days--
          ``(1) publish in the Federal Register notice of the final 
        disposition of each application for a new special permit, 
        modification to an existing special permit, or approval during 
        the preceding quarter; and
          ``(2) make available to the public on the Department of 
        Transportation's Internet Web site notice of the final 
        disposition of any other special permit during the preceding 
        quarter.''.

SEC. 7007. GAO STUDY ON ACCEPTANCE OF CLASSIFICATION EXAMINATIONS.

  (a) In General.--Not later than 120 days after the date of enactment 
of this Act, the Comptroller General of the United States shall 
evaluate and transmit to the Secretary, the Committee on Transportation 
and Infrastructure of the House of Representatives, and the Committee 
on Commerce, Science, and Transportation of the Senate, a report on the 
standards, metrics, and protocols that the Secretary uses to regulate 
the performance of persons approved to recommend hazard classifications 
pursuant to section 173.56(b) of title, 49, Code of Federal Regulations 
(commonly referred to as ``third-party labs'').
  (b) Evaluation.--The evaluation required under subsection (a) shall--
          (1) identify what standards and protocols are used to approve 
        such persons, assess the adequacy of such standards and 
        protocols to ensure that persons seeking approval are qualified 
        and capable of performing classifications, and make 
        recommendations to address any deficiencies identified;
          (2) assess the adequacy of the Secretary's oversight of 
        persons approved to perform the classifications, including the 
        qualification of individuals engaged in the oversight of 
        approved persons, and make recommendations to enhance oversight 
        sufficiently to ensure that classifications are issued as 
        required;
          (3) identify what standards and protocols exist to rescind, 
        suspend, or deny approval of persons who perform such 
        classifications, assess the adequacy of such standards and 
        protocols, and make recommendations to enhance such standards 
        and protocols if necessary; and
          (4) include annual data for fiscal years 2005 through 2015 on 
        the number of applications received for new classifications 
        pursuant to section 173.56(b) of title 49, Code of Federal 
        Regulations, of those applications how many classifications 
        recommended by persons approved by the Secretary were changed 
        to another classification and the reasons for the change, and 
        how many hazardous materials incidents have been attributed to 
        a classification recommended by such approved persons in the 
        United States.
  (c) Action Plan.--Not later than 120 days after receiving the report 
required under subsection (a), the Secretary shall make available to 
the public a plan describing any actions the Secretary will take to 
establish standards, metrics, and protocols based on the findings and 
recommendations in the report to ensure that persons approved to 
perform classification examinations required under section 173.56(b) of 
title 49, Code of Federal Regulations, can sufficiently perform such 
examinations in a manner that meets the hazardous materials 
regulations.
  (d) Regulations.--If the report required under subsection (a) 
recommends new regulations in order for the Secretary to have 
confidence in the accuracy of classification recommendations rendered 
by persons approved to perform classification examinations required 
under section 173.56(b) of title 49, Code of Federal Regulations, the 
Secretary shall issue such regulations not later than 24 months after 
the date of enactment of this Act.

SEC. 7008. IMPROVING THE EFFECTIVENESS OF PLANNING AND TRAINING GRANTS.

  (a) Planning and Training Grants.--Section 5116 of title 49, United 
States Code, is amended--
          (1) by redesignating subsections (c) through (k) as 
        subsections (b) through (j), respectively,
          (2) by striking subsection (b); and
          (3) by striking subsection (a) and inserting the following:
  ``(a) Planning and Training Grants.--(1) The Secretary shall make 
grants to States and Indian tribes--
          ``(A) to develop, improve, and carry out emergency plans 
        under the Emergency Planning and Community Right-To-Know Act of 
        1986 (42 U.S.C. 11001 et seq.), including ascertaining flow 
        patterns of hazardous material on lands under the jurisdiction 
        of a State or Indian tribe, and between lands under the 
        jurisdiction of a State or Indian tribe and lands of another 
        State or Indian tribe;
          ``(B) to decide on the need for regional hazardous material 
        emergency response teams; and
          ``(C) to train public sector employees to respond to 
        accidents and incidents involving hazardous material.
  ``(2) To the extent that a grant is used to train emergency 
responders under paragraph (1)(C), the State or Indian tribe shall 
provide written certification to the Secretary that the emergency 
responders who receive training under the grant will have the ability 
to protect nearby persons, property, and the environment from the 
effects of accidents or incidents involving the transportation of 
hazardous material in accordance with existing regulations or National 
Fire Protection Association standards for competence of responders to 
accidents and incidents involving hazardous materials.
  ``(3) The Secretary may make a grant to a State or Indian tribe under 
paragraph (1) of this subsection only if--
          ``(A) the State or Indian tribe certifies that the total 
        amount the State or Indian tribe expends (except amounts of the 
        Federal Government) for the purpose of the grant will at least 
        equal the average level of expenditure for the last 5 years; 
        and
          ``(B) any emergency response training provided under the 
        grant shall consist of--
                  ``(i) a course developed or identified under section 
                5115 of this title; or
                  ``(ii) any other course the Secretary determines is 
                consistent with the objectives of this section.
  ``(4) A State or Indian tribe receiving a grant under this subsection 
shall ensure that planning and emergency response training under the 
grant is coordinated with adjacent States and Indian tribes.
  ``(5) A training grant under paragraph (1)(C) may be used--
          ``(A) to pay--
                  ``(i) the tuition costs of public sector employees 
                being trained;
                  ``(ii) travel expenses of those employees to and from 
                the training facility;
                  ``(iii) room and board of those employees when at the 
                training facility; and
                  ``(iv) travel expenses of individuals providing the 
                training;
          ``(B) by the State, political subdivision, or Indian tribe to 
        provide the training; and
          ``(C) to make an agreement with a person (including an 
        authority of a State, a political subdivision of a State or 
        Indian tribe, or a local jurisdiction), subject to approval by 
        the Secretary, to provide the training--
                  ``(i) if the agreement allows the Secretary and the 
                State or Indian tribe to conduct random examinations, 
                inspections, and audits of the training without prior 
                notice;
                  ``(ii) the person agrees to have an auditable 
                accounting system; and
                  ``(iii) if the State or Indian tribe conducts at 
                least one on-site observation of the training each 
                year.
  ``(6) The Secretary shall allocate amounts made available for grants 
under this subsection among eligible States and Indian tribes based on 
the needs of the States and Indian tribes for emergency response 
training. In making a decision about those needs, the Secretary shall 
consider--
          ``(A) the number of hazardous material facilities in the 
        State or on land under the jurisdiction of the Indian tribe;
          ``(B) the types and amounts of hazardous material transported 
        in the State or on such land;
          ``(C) whether the State or Indian tribe imposes and collects 
        a fee on transporting hazardous material;
          ``(D) whether such fee is used only to carry out a purpose 
        related to transporting hazardous material;
          ``(E) the past record of the State or Indian tribe in 
        effectively managing planning and training grants; and
          ``(F) any other factors the Secretary determines are 
        appropriate to carry out this subsection.''.
  (b) Technical and Conforming Amendments.--
          (1) Section 5108(g) of title 49, United States Code, is 
        amended by striking ``5116(i)'' each place it appears and 
        inserting ``5116(h)''.
          (2) Section 5116 of such title is amended--
                  (A) in subsection (d), as redesignated by this 
                section, by striking ``subsections (a)(2)(A) and 
                (b)(2)(A)'' and inserting ``subsection (a)(3)(A)'';
                  (B) in subsection (h), as redesignated by this 
                section--
                          (i) in paragraph (1) by inserting ``and 
                        section 5107(e)'' after ``section'';
                          (ii) in paragraph (2) by striking ``(f)'' and 
                        inserting ``(e)''; and
                          (iii) in paragraph (4) by striking 
                        ``5108(g)(2) and 5115'' and inserting ``5107(e) 
                        and 5108(g)(2)'';
                  (C) in subsection (i), as redesignated by this 
                section, by striking ``subsection (b)'' and inserting 
                ``subsection (a)''; and
                  (D) in subsection (j), as redesignated by this 
                section--
                          (i) by striking ``planning grants allocated 
                        under subsection (a), training grants under 
                        subsection (b), and grants under subsection 
                        (j)'' and inserting ``planning and training 
                        grants under subsection (a) and grants under 
                        subsection (i)''; and
                          (ii) by redesignating subparagraphs (A) 
                        through (D) as paragraphs (1) through (4), 
                        respectively.
  (c) Enforcement Personnel.--Section 5107(e) of title 49, United 
States Code, is amended by inserting ``, State and local personnel 
responsible for enforcing the safe transportation of hazardous 
materials, or both'' after ``hazmat employees'' each place it appears.

SEC. 7009. MOTOR CARRIER SAFETY PERMITS.

  Section 5109(h) of title 49, United States Code, is amended to read 
as follows:
  ``(h) Limitation on Denial.--The Secretary may not deny a non-
temporary permit held by a motor carrier pursuant to this section based 
on a comprehensive review of that carrier triggered by safety 
management system scores or out-of-service disqualification standards, 
unless--
          ``(1) the carrier has the opportunity, prior to the denial of 
        such permit, to submit a written description of corrective 
        actions taken and other documentation the carrier wishes the 
        Secretary to consider, including a corrective action plan; and
          ``(2) the Secretary determines the actions or plan is 
        insufficient to address the safety concerns identified during 
        the course of the comprehensive review.''.

SEC. 7010. THERMAL BLANKETS.

  (a) Requirements.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall issue such regulations as 
are necessary to require that each tank car built to meet the DOT-117 
specification and each non-jacketed tank car modified to meet the DOT-
117R specification be equipped with an insulating blanket with at least 
\1/2\-inch-thick material that has been approved by the Secretary 
pursuant to section 179.18(c) of title 49, Code of Federal Regulations.
  (b) Savings Clause.--Nothing in this section shall prohibit the 
Secretary from approving new or alternative technologies or materials 
as they become available that provide a level of safety at least 
equivalent to the level of safety provided for under subsection (a).

SEC. 7011. COMPREHENSIVE OIL SPILL RESPONSE PLANS.

  (a) In General.--Chapter 51 of title 49, United States Code, is 
amended by inserting after section 5110 the following:

``Sec. 5111. Comprehensive oil spill response plans

  ``(a) Requirements.--Not later than 120 days after the date of 
enactment of this section, the Secretary shall issue such regulations 
as are necessary to require any railroad carrier transporting a Class 3 
flammable liquid to maintain a comprehensive oil spill response plan.
  ``(b) Contents.--The regulations under subsection (a) shall require 
each railroad carrier described in that subsection to--
          ``(1) include in the comprehensive oil spill response plan 
        procedures and resources, including equipment, for responding, 
        to the maximum extent practicable, to a worst-case discharge;
          ``(2) ensure that the comprehensive oil spill response plan 
        is consistent with the National Contingency Plan and each 
        applicable Area Contingency Plan;
          ``(3) include in the comprehensive oil spill response plan 
        appropriate notification and training procedures and procedures 
        for coordinating with Federal, State, and local emergency 
        responders;
          ``(4) review and update its comprehensive oil spill response 
        plan as appropriate; and
          ``(5) provide the comprehensive oil spill response plan for 
        acceptance by the Secretary.
  ``(c) Savings Clause.--Nothing in the section may be construed to 
prohibit the Secretary from promulgating differing comprehensive oil 
response plan standards for Class I railroads, Class II railroads, and 
Class III railroads.
  ``(d) Response Plans.--The Secretary shall--
          ``(1) maintain on file a copy of the most recent 
        comprehensive oil spill response plans prepared by a railroad 
        carrier transporting a Class 3 flammable liquid; and
          ``(2) provide to a person, upon written request, a copy of 
        the plan, which may exclude, as the Secretary determines 
        appropriate--
                  ``(A) proprietary information;
                  ``(B) security-sensitive information, including 
                information described in section 1520.5(a) of title 49, 
                Code of Federal Regulations;
                  ``(C) specific response resources and tactical 
                resource deployment plans; and
                  ``(D) the specific amount and location of worst-case 
                discharges, including the process by which a railroad 
                carrier determines the worst-case discharge.
  ``(e) Relationship to FOIA.--Nothing in this section may be construed 
to require disclose of information or records that are exempt from 
disclosure under section 552 of title 5.
  ``(f) Definitions.--
          ``(1) Area contingency plan.--The term `Area Contingency 
        Plan' has the meaning given the term in section 311(a) of the 
        Federal Water Pollution Control Act (33 U.S.C. 1321(a)).
          ``(2) Class 3 flammable liquid.--The term `Class 3 flammable 
        liquid' has the meaning given the term flammable liquid in 
        section 173.120 of title 49, Code of Federal Regulations.
          ``(3) Class i railroad; class ii railroad; and class iii 
        railroad.--The terms `Class I railroad', `Class II railroad', 
        and `Class III railroad' have the meaning given those terms in 
        section 20102.
          ``(4) National contingency plan.--The term `National 
        Contingency Plan' has the meaning given the term in section 
        1001 of the Oil Pollution Act of 1990 (33 U.S.C. 2701).
          ``(5) Railroad carrier.--The term `railroad carrier' has the 
        meaning given the term in section 20102.
          ``(6) Worst-case discharge.--The term `worst-case discharge' 
        means the largest foreseeable discharge of oil in the event of 
        an accident or incident, as determined by each railroad carrier 
        in accordance with regulations issued under this section.''.
  (b) Clerical Amendment.--The analysis for chapter 51 of title 49, 
United States Code, is amended by inserting after the item relating to 
section 5110 the following:

``5111. Comprehensive oil spill response plans.''.

SEC. 7012. INFORMATION ON HIGH-HAZARD FLAMMABLE TRAINS.

  (a) Information on High-Hazard Flammable Trains.--Not later than 90 
days after the date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall issue 
regulations to require each applicable railroad carrier to provide 
information on high-hazard flammable trains to State emergency response 
commissions consistent with Emergency Order Docket No. DOT-OST-2014-
0067, and include appropriate protections from public release of 
proprietary information and security-sensitive information, including 
information described in section 1520.5(a) of title 49, Code of Federal 
Regulations.
  (b) High-Hazard Flammable Train.--The term ``high-hazard flammable 
train'' means a single train transporting 20 or more tank cars loaded 
with a Class 3 flammable liquid, as such term is defined in section 
173.120 of title 49, Code of Federal Regulations, in a continuous block 
or a single train transporting 35 or more tank cars loaded with a Class 
3 flammable liquid throughout the train consist.

SEC. 7013. STUDY AND TESTING OF ELECTRONICALLY CONTROLLED PNEUMATIC 
                    BRAKES.

  (a) Government Accountability Office Study.--
          (1) In general.--The Comptroller General of the United States 
        shall conduct an independent evaluation of ECP brake systems, 
        pilot program data, and the Department's research and analysis 
        on the costs, benefits, and effects of ECP brake systems.
          (2) Study elements.--In completing the independent evaluation 
        under paragraph (1), the Comptroller General of the United 
        States shall examine the following issues related to ECP brake 
        systems:
                  (A) Data and modeling results on safety benefits 
                relative to conventional brakes and to other braking 
                technologies or systems, such as distributed power and 
                2-way end-of-train devices.
                  (B) Data and modeling results on business benefits, 
                including the effects of dynamic braking.
                  (C) Data on costs, including up-front capital costs 
                and on-going maintenance costs.
                  (D) Analysis of potential operational benefits and 
                challenges, including the effects of potential 
                locomotive and car segregation, technical reliability 
                issues, and network disruptions.
                  (E) Analysis of potential implementation challenges, 
                including installation time, positive train control 
                integration complexities, component availability 
                issues, and tank car shop capabilities.
                  (F) Analysis of international experiences with the 
                use of advanced braking technologies.
          (3) Report.--Not later than 18 months after the date of 
        enactment of this Act, the Comptroller General of the United 
        States shall transmit to the Committee on Transportation and 
        Infrastructure of the House of Representatives and the 
        Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation of the 
        Senate a report on the results of the independent evaluation 
        under paragraph (1).
  (b) Emergency Braking Application Testing.--
          (1) In general.--The Secretary shall enter into an agreement 
        with the National Academy of Sciences to--
                  (A) complete testing of ECP brake systems during 
                emergency braking application, including more than 1 
                scenario involving the uncoupling of a train with 70 or 
                more DOT-117-specification or DOT-117R-specification 
                tank cars; and
                  (B) transmit, not later than 18 months after the date 
                of enactment of this Act, to the Committee on 
                Transportation and Infrastructure of the House of 
                Representatives and the Committee on Commerce, Science, 
                and Transportation of the Senate a report on the 
                results of the testing.
          (2) Independent experts.--In completing the testing under 
        paragraph (1)(A), the National Academy of Sciences may contract 
        with 1 or more engineering or rail experts, as appropriate, 
        that--
                  (A) are not railroad carriers, entities funded by 
                such carriers, or entities directly impacted by the 
                final rule issued on May 8, 2015, entitled ``Enhanced 
                Tank Car Standards and Operational Controls for High-
                Hazard Flammable Trains'' (80 Fed. Reg. 26643); and
                  (B) have relevant experience in conducting railroad 
                safety technology tests or similar crash tests.
          (3) Testing framework.--In completing the testing under 
        paragraph (1), the National Academy of Sciences and each 
        contractor described in paragraph (2) shall ensure that the 
        testing objectively, accurately, and reliably measures the 
        performance of ECP brake systems relative to other braking 
        technologies or systems, such as distributed power and 2-way 
        end-of-train devices, including differences in--
                  (A) the number of cars derailed;
                  (B) the number of cars punctured;
                  (C) the measures of in-train forces; and
                  (D) the stopping distance.
          (4) Funding.--The Secretary shall provide funding, as part of 
        the agreement under paragraph (1), to the National Academy of 
        Sciences for the testing required under this section--
                  (A) using sums made available to carry out sections 
                20108 and 5118 of title 49, United States Code; and
                  (B) to the extent funding under subparagraph (A) is 
                insufficient or unavailable to fund the testing 
                required under this section, using such sums as are 
                necessary from the amounts appropriated to the 
                Secretary, the Federal Railroad Administration, or the 
                Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration, 
                or a combination thereof.
          (5) Equipment.--The National Academy of Sciences and each 
        contractor described in paragraph (2) may receive or use 
        rolling stock, track, and other equipment or infrastructure 
        from a private entity for the purposes of conducting the 
        testing required under this section.
  (c) Evidence-Based Approach.--
          (1) Analysis.--The Secretary shall--
                  (A) not later than 90 days after the report date, 
                fully incorporate and update the regulatory impact 
                analysis of the final rule described in subsection 
                (b)(2)(A) of the costs, benefits, and effects of the 
                applicable ECP brake system requirements;
                  (B) as soon as practicable after completion of the 
                updated analysis under subparagraph (A), solicit public 
                comment on the analysis for a period of not more than 
                30 days; and
                  (C) not later than 60 days after the end of the 
                public comment period under subparagraph (B), post the 
                final updated regulatory impact analysis on the 
                Department of Transportation's Internet Web site.
          (2) Determination.--Not later than 180 days after the report 
        date, the Secretary shall--
                  (A) determine, based on whether the final regulatory 
                impact analysis described in paragraph (1)(C) 
                demonstrates that the benefits, including safety 
                benefits, of the applicable ECP brake system 
                requirements exceed the costs of such requirements, 
                whether the applicable ECP brake system requirements 
                are justified;
                  (B) if the applicable ECP brake system requirements 
                are justified, publish in the Federal Register the 
                determination and reasons for such determination; and
                  (C) if the Secretary does not publish the 
                determination under subparagraph (B), repeal the 
                applicable ECP brake system requirements.
          (3) Savings clause.--Nothing in this section shall be 
        construed to prohibit the Secretary from implementing the final 
        rule described under subsection (b)(2)(A) prior to the 
        determination required under subsection (c)(2) of this section, 
        or require the Secretary to promulgate a new rulemaking on the 
        provisions of such final rule, other than the applicable ECP 
        brake system requirements, if the Secretary determines that the 
        applicable ECP brake system requirements are not justified 
        pursuant to this subsection.
  (d) Definitions.--In this section, the following definitions apply:
          (1) Applicable ecp brake system requirements.--The term 
        ``applicable ECP brake system requirements'' means sections 
        174.310(a)(3)(ii), 174.310(a)(3)(iii), 174.310(a)(5)(v), 
        179.202-12(g), and 179.202-13(i) of title 49, Code of Federal 
        Regulations, and any other regulation in effect on the date of 
        enactment of this Act requiring the installation of ECP brakes 
        or operation in ECP brake mode.
          (2) Class 3 flammable liquid.--The term ``Class 3 flammable 
        liquid'' has the meaning given the term flammable liquid in 
        section 173.120(a) of title 49, Code of Federal Regulations.
          (3) ECP.--The term ``ECP'' means electronically controlled 
        pneumatic when applied to a brake or brakes.
          (4) ECP brake mode.--The term ``ECP brake mode'' includes any 
        operation of a rail car or an entire train using an ECP brake 
        system.
          (5) ECP brake system.--
                  (A) In general.--The term ``ECP brake system'' means 
                a train power braking system actuated by compressed air 
                and controlled by electronic signals from the 
                locomotive or an ECP-EOT to the cars in the consist for 
                service and emergency applications in which the brake 
                pipe is used to provide a constant supply of compressed 
                air to the reservoirs on each car but does not convey 
                braking signals to the car.
                  (B) Inclusions.--The term ``ECP brake system'' 
                includes dual mode and stand-alone ECP brake systems.
          (6) Railroad carrier.--The term ``railroad carrier'' has the 
        meaning given the term in section 20102 of title 49, United 
        States Code.
          (7) Report date.--The term ``report date'' means the date 
        that the reports under subsections (a)(3) and (b)(1)(B) are 
        required to be transmitted pursuant to those subsections.

SEC. 7014. ENSURING SAFE IMPLEMENTATION OF POSITIVE TRAIN CONTROL 
                    SYSTEMS.

  (a) Short Title.--This section may be cited as the ``Positive Train 
Control Enforcement and Implementation Act of 2015''.
  (b) In General.--Section 20157 of title 49, United States Code, is 
amended--
          (1) in subsection (a)(1)--
                  (A) by striking ``18 months after the date of 
                enactment of the Rail Safety Improvement Act of 2008'' 
                and inserting ``90 days after the date of enactment of 
                the Positive Train Control Enforcement and 
                Implementation Act of 2015'';
                  (B) by striking ``develop and'';
                  (C) by striking ``a plan for implementing'' and 
                inserting ``a revised plan for implementing'';
                  (D) by striking ``December 31, 2015'' and inserting 
                ``December 31, 2018''; and
                  (E) in subparagraph (B) by striking ``parts'' and 
                inserting ``sections'';
          (2) by striking subsection (a)(2) and inserting the 
        following:
          ``(2) Implementation.--
                  ``(A) Contents of revised plan.--A revised plan 
                required under paragraph (1) shall--
                          ``(i) describe--
                                  ``(I) how the positive train control 
                                system will provide for 
                                interoperability of the system with the 
                                movements of trains of other railroad 
                                carriers over its lines; and
                                  ``(II) how, to the extent practical, 
                                the positive train control system will 
                                be implemented in a manner that 
                                addresses areas of greater risk before 
                                areas of lesser risk;
                          ``(ii) comply with the positive train control 
                        system implementation plan content requirements 
                        under section 236.1011 of title 49, Code of 
                        Federal Regulations; and
                          ``(iii) provide--
                                  ``(I) the calendar year or years in 
                                which spectrum will be acquired and 
                                will be available for use in each area 
                                as needed for positive train control 
                                system implementation, if such spectrum 
                                is not already acquired and available 
                                for use;
                                  ``(II) the total amount of positive 
                                train control system hardware that will 
                                be installed for implementation, with 
                                totals separated by each major hardware 
                                category;
                                  ``(III) the total amount of positive 
                                train control system hardware that will 
                                be installed by the end of each 
                                calendar year until the positive train 
                                control system is implemented, with 
                                totals separated by each hardware 
                                category;
                                  ``(IV) the total number of employees 
                                required to receive training under the 
                                applicable positive train control 
                                system regulations;
                                  ``(V) the total number of employees 
                                that will receive the training, as 
                                required under the applicable positive 
                                train control system regulations, by 
                                the end of each calendar year until the 
                                positive train control system is 
                                implemented;
                                  ``(VI) a summary of any remaining 
                                technical, programmatic, operational, 
                                or other challenges to the 
                                implementation of a positive train 
                                control system, including challenges 
                                with--
                                          ``(aa) availability of public 
                                        funding;
                                          ``(bb) interoperability;
                                          ``(cc) spectrum;
                                          ``(dd) software;
                                          ``(ee) permitting; and
                                          ``(ff) testing, 
                                        demonstration, and 
                                        certification; and
                                  ``(VII) a schedule and sequence for 
                                implementing a positive train control 
                                system by the deadline established 
                                under paragraph (1).
                  ``(B) Alternative schedule and sequence.--
                Notwithstanding the implementation deadline under 
                paragraph (1) and in lieu of a schedule and sequence 
                under paragraph (2)(A)(iii)(VII), a railroad carrier or 
                other entity subject to paragraph (1) may include in 
                its revised plan an alternative schedule and sequence 
                for implementing a positive train control system, 
                subject to review under paragraph (3). Such schedule 
                and sequence shall provide for implementation of a 
                positive train control system as soon as practicable, 
                but not later than the date that is 24 months after the 
                implementation deadline under paragraph (1).
                  ``(C) Amendments.--A railroad carrier or other entity 
                subject to paragraph (1) may file a request to amend a 
                revised plan, including any alternative schedule and 
                sequence, as applicable, in accordance with section 
                236.1021 of title 49, Code of Federal Regulations.
                  ``(D) Compliance.--A railroad carrier or other entity 
                subject to paragraph (1) shall implement a positive 
                train control system in accordance with its revised 
                plan, including any amendments or any alternative 
                schedule and sequence approved by the Secretary under 
                paragraph (3).
          ``(3) Secretarial review.--
                  ``(A) Notification.--A railroad carrier or other 
                entity that submits a revised plan under paragraph (1) 
                and proposes an alternative schedule and sequence under 
                paragraph (2)(B) shall submit to the Secretary a 
                written notification when such railroad carrier or 
                other entity is prepared for review under subparagraph 
                (B).
                  ``(B) Criteria.--Not later than 90 days after a 
                railroad carrier or other entity submits a notification 
                under subparagraph (A), the Secretary shall review the 
                alternative schedule and sequence submitted pursuant to 
                paragraph (2)(B) and determine whether the railroad 
                carrier or other entity has demonstrated, to the 
                satisfaction of the Secretary, that such carrier or 
                entity has--
                          ``(i) installed all positive train control 
                        system hardware consistent with the plan 
                        contents provided pursuant to paragraph 
                        (2)(A)(iii)(II) on or before the implementation 
                        deadline under paragraph (1);
                          ``(ii) acquired all spectrum necessary for 
                        implementation of a positive train control 
                        system, consistent with the plan contents 
                        provided pursuant to paragraph (2)(A)(iii)(I) 
                        on or before the implementation deadline under 
                        paragraph (1);
                          ``(iii) completed employee training required 
                        under the applicable positive train control 
                        system regulations;
                          ``(iv) included in its revised plan an 
                        alternative schedule and sequence for 
                        implementing a positive train control system as 
                        soon as practicable, pursuant to paragraph 
                        (2)(B);
                          ``(v) certified to the Secretary in writing 
                        that it will be in full compliance with the 
                        requirements of this section on or before the 
                        date provided in an alternative schedule and 
                        sequence, subject to approval by the Secretary;
                          ``(vi) in the case of a Class I railroad 
                        carrier and Amtrak, implemented a positive 
                        train control system or initiated revenue 
                        service demonstration on the majority of 
                        territories, such as subdivisions or districts, 
                        or route miles that are owned or controlled by 
                        such carrier and required to have operations 
                        governed by a positive train control system; 
                        and
                          ``(vii) in the case of any other railroad 
                        carrier or other entity not subject to clause 
                        (vi)--
                                  ``(I) initiated revenue service 
                                demonstration on at least 1 territory 
                                that is required to have operations 
                                governed by a positive train control 
                                system; or
                                  ``(II) met any other criteria 
                                established by the Secretary.
                  ``(C) Decision.--
                          ``(i) In general.--Not later than 90 days 
                        after the receipt of the notification from a 
                        railroad carrier or other entity under 
                        subparagraph (A), the Secretary shall--
                                  ``(I) approve an alternative schedule 
                                and sequence submitted pursuant to 
                                paragraph (2)(B) if the railroad 
                                carrier or other entity meets the 
                                criteria in subparagraph (B); and
                                  ``(II) notify in writing the railroad 
                                carrier or other entity of the 
                                decision.
                          ``(ii) Deficiencies.--Not later than 45 days 
                        after the receipt of the notification under 
                        subparagraph (A), the Secretary shall provide 
                        to the railroad carrier or other entity a 
                        written notification of any deficiencies that 
                        would prevent approval under clause (i) and 
                        provide the railroad carrier or other entity an 
                        opportunity to correct deficiencies before the 
                        date specified in such clause.
                  ``(D) Revised deadlines.--
                          ``(i) Pending reviews.--For a railroad 
                        carrier or other entity that submits a 
                        notification under subparagraph (A), the 
                        deadline for implementation of a positive train 
                        control system required under paragraph (1) 
                        shall be extended until the date on which the 
                        Secretary approves or disapproves the 
                        alternative schedule and sequence, if such date 
                        is later than the implementation date under 
                        paragraph (1).
                          ``(ii) Alternative schedule and sequence 
                        deadline.--If the Secretary approves a railroad 
                        carrier or other entity's alternative schedule 
                        and sequence under subparagraph (C)(i), the 
                        railroad carrier or other entity's deadline for 
                        implementation of a positive train control 
                        system required under paragraph (1) shall be 
                        the date specified in that railroad carrier or 
                        other entity's alternative schedule and 
                        sequence. The Secretary may not approve a date 
                        for implementation that is later than 24 months 
                        from the deadline in paragraph (1).'';
          (3) by striking subsections (c), (d), and (e) and inserting 
        the following:
  ``(c) Progress Reports and Review.--
          ``(1) Progress reports.--Each railroad carrier or other 
        entity subject to subsection (a) shall, not later than March 
        31, 2016, and annually thereafter until such carrier or entity 
        has completed implementation of a positive train control 
        system, submit to the Secretary a report on the progress toward 
        implementing such systems, including--
                  ``(A) the information on spectrum acquisition 
                provided pursuant to subsection (a)(2)(A)(iii)(I);
                  ``(B) the totals provided pursuant to subclauses 
                (III) and (V) of subsection (a)(2)(A)(iii), by 
                territory, if applicable;
                  ``(C) the extent to which the railroad carrier or 
                other entity is complying with the implementation 
                schedule under subsection (a)(2)(A)(iii)(VII) or 
                subsection (a)(2)(B);
                  ``(D) any update to the information provided under 
                subsection (a)(2)(A)(iii)(VI);
                  ``(E) for each entity providing regularly scheduled 
                intercity or commuter rail passenger transportation, a 
                description of the resources identified and allocated 
                to implement a positive train control system;
                  ``(F) for each railroad carrier or other entity 
                subject to subsection (a), the total number of route 
                miles on which a positive train control system has been 
                initiated for revenue service demonstration or 
                implemented, as compared to the total number of route 
                miles required to have a positive train control system 
                under subsection (a); and
                  ``(G) any other information requested by the 
                Secretary.
          ``(2) Plan review.--The Secretary shall at least annually 
        conduct reviews to ensure that railroad carriers or other 
        entities are complying with the revised plan submitted under 
        subsection (a), including any amendments or any alternative 
        schedule and sequence approved by the Secretary. Such railroad 
        carriers or other entities shall provide such information as 
        the Secretary determines necessary to adequately conduct such 
        reviews.
          ``(3) Public availability.--Not later than 60 days after 
        receipt, the Secretary shall make available to the public on 
        the Internet Web site of the Department of Transportation any 
        report submitted pursuant to paragraph (1) or subsection (d), 
        but may exclude, as the Secretary determines appropriate--
                  ``(A) proprietary information; and
                  ``(B) security-sensitive information, including 
                information described in section 1520.5(a) of title 49, 
                Code of Federal Regulations.
  ``(d) Report to Congress.--Not later than July 1, 2018, the Secretary 
shall transmit to the Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure of 
the House of Representatives and the Committee on Commerce, Science, 
and Transportation of the Senate a report on the progress of each 
railroad carrier or other entity subject to subsection (a) in 
implementing a positive train control system.
  ``(e) Enforcement.--The Secretary is authorized to assess civil 
penalties pursuant to chapter 213 for--
          ``(1) a violation of this section;
          ``(2) the failure to submit or comply with the revised plan 
        required under subsection (a), including the failure to comply 
        with the totals provided pursuant to subclauses (III) and (V) 
        of subsection (a)(2)(A)(iii) and the spectrum acquisition dates 
        provided pursuant to subsection (a)(2)(A)(iii)(I);
          ``(3) failure to comply with any amendments to such revised 
        plan pursuant to subsection (a)(2)(C); and
          ``(4) the failure to comply with an alternative schedule and 
        sequence submitted under subsection (a)(2)(B) and approved by 
        the Secretary under subsection (a)(3)(C).'';
          (4) in subsection (h)--
                  (A) by striking ``The Secretary'' and inserting the 
                following:
          ``(1) In general.--The Secretary''; and
                  (B) by adding at the end the following:
          ``(2) Provisional operation.--Notwithstanding the 
        requirements of paragraph (1), the Secretary may authorize a 
        railroad carrier or other entity to commence operation in 
        revenue service of a positive train control system or component 
        to the extent necessary to enable the safe implementation and 
        operation of a positive train control system in phases.'';
          (5) in subsection (i)--
                  (A) by redesignating paragraphs (1) through (3) as 
                paragraphs (3) through (5), respectively; and
                  (B) by inserting before paragraph (3) (as so 
                redesignated) the following:
          ``(1) Equivalent or greater level of safety.--The term 
        `equivalent or greater level of safety' means the compliance of 
        a railroad carrier with--
                  ``(A) appropriate operating rules in place 
                immediately prior to the use or implementation of such 
                carrier's positive train control system, except that 
                such rules may be changed by such carrier to improve 
                safe operations; and
                  ``(B) all applicable safety regulations, except as 
                specified in subsection (j).
          ``(2) Hardware.--The term `hardware' means a locomotive 
        apparatus, a wayside interface unit (including any associated 
        legacy signal system replacements), switch position monitors 
        needed for a positive train control system, physical back 
        office system equipment, a base station radio, a wayside radio, 
        a locomotive radio, or a communication tower or pole.''; and
          (6) by adding at the end the following:
  ``(j) Early Adoption.--
          ``(1) Operations.--From the date of enactment of the Positive 
        Train Control Enforcement and Implementation Act of 2015 
        through the 1-year period beginning on the date on which the 
        last Class I railroad carrier's positive train control system 
        subject to subsection (a) is certified by the Secretary under 
        subsection (h)(1) of this section and is implemented on all of 
        that railroad carrier's lines required to have operations 
        governed by a positive train control system, any railroad 
        carrier, including any railroad carrier that has its positive 
        train control system certified by the Secretary, shall not be 
        subject to the operational restrictions set forth in sections 
        236.567 and 236.1029 of title 49, Code of Federal Regulations, 
        that would apply where a controlling locomotive that is 
        operating in, or is to be operated in, a positive train 
        control-equipped track segment experiences a positive train 
        control system failure, a positive train control operated 
        consist is not provided by another railroad carrier when 
        provided in interchange, or a positive train control system 
        otherwise fails to initialize, cuts out, or malfunctions, 
        provided that such carrier operates at an equivalent or greater 
        level of safety than the level achieved immediately prior to 
        the use or implementation of its positive train control system.
          ``(2) Safety assurance.--During the period described in 
        paragraph (1), if a positive train control system that has been 
        certified and implemented fails to initialize, cuts out, or 
        malfunctions, the affected railroad carrier or other entity 
        shall make reasonable efforts to determine the cause of the 
        failure and adjust, repair, or replace any faulty component 
        causing the system failure in a timely manner.
          ``(3) Plans.--The positive train control safety plan for each 
        railroad carrier or other entity shall describe the safety 
        measures, such as operating rules and actions to comply with 
        applicable safety regulations, that will be put in place during 
        any system failure.
          ``(4) Notification.--During the period described in paragraph 
        (1), if a positive train control system that has been certified 
        and implemented fails to initialize, cuts out, or malfunctions, 
        the affected railroad carrier or other entity shall submit a 
        notification to the appropriate regional office of the Federal 
        Railroad Administration within 7 days of the system failure, or 
        under alternative location and deadline requirements set by the 
        Secretary, and include in the notification a description of the 
        safety measures the affected railroad carrier or other entity 
        has in place.
  ``(k) Small Railroads.--Not later than 120 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall amend section 
236.1006(b)(4)(iii)(B) of title 49, Code of Federal Regulations 
(relating to equipping locomotives for applicable Class II and Class 
III railroads operating in positive train control territory) to extend 
each deadline under such section by 3 years.
  ``(l) Revenue Service Demonstration.--When a railroad carrier or 
other entity subject to (a)(1) notifies the Secretary it is prepared to 
initiate revenue service demonstration, it shall also notify any 
applicable tenant railroad carrier or other entity subject to 
subsection (a)(1).''.
  (c) Conforming Amendment.--Section 20157(g), is amended--
          (1) by striking ``The Secretary'' and inserting the 
        following:
          ``(1) In general.--The Secretary''; and
          (2) by adding at the end the following:
          ``(2) Conforming regulatory amendments.--Immediately after 
        the date of the enactment of the Positive Train Control 
        Enforcement and Implementation Act of 2015, the Secretary--
                  ``(A) shall remove or revise the date-specific 
                deadlines in the regulations or orders implementing 
                this section to the extent necessary to conform with 
                the amendments made by such Act; and
                  ``(B) may not enforce any such date-specific 
                deadlines or requirements that are inconsistent with 
                the amendments made by such Act.
          ``(3) Review.--Nothing in the Positive Train Control 
        Enforcement and Implementation Act of 2015, or the amendments 
        made by such Act, shall be construed to require the Secretary 
        to issue regulations to implement such Act or amendments other 
        than the regulatory amendments required by paragraph (2) and 
        subsection (k).''.

SEC. 7015. PHASE-OUT OF ALL TANK CARS USED TO TRANSPORT CLASS 3 
                    FLAMMABLE LIQUIDS.

  (a) In General.--Except as provided for in subsection (b), beginning 
on the date of enactment of this Act, all railroad tank cars used to 
transport Class 3 flammable liquids shall meet the DOT-117 or DOT-117R 
specifications in part 179 of title 49, Code of Federal Regulations, 
regardless of train composition.
  (b) Phase-Out Schedule.--Certain tank cars not meeting DOT-117 or 
DOT-117R specifications on the date of enactment of this Act may be 
used, regardless of train composition, until the following end-dates:
          (1) For transport of unrefined petroleum products in Class 3 
        flammable service, including crude oil--
                  (A) January 1, 2018, for non-jacketed DOT-111 tank 
                cars;
                  (B) March 1, 2018, for jacketed DOT-111 tank cars;
                  (C) April 1, 2020, for non-jacketed CPC-1232 tank 
                cars; and
                  (D) May 1, 2025, for jacketed CPC-1232 tank cars.
          (2) For transport of ethanol--
                  (A) May 1, 2023, for non-jacketed and jacketed DOT-
                111 tank cars;
                  (B) July 1, 2023, for non-jacketed CPC-1232 tank 
                cars; and
                  (C) May 1, 2025, for jacketed CPC-1232 tank cars.
          (3) For transport of Class 3 flammable liquids in Packing 
        Group I, other than Class 3 flammable liquids specified in 
        paragraphs (1) and (2), May 1, 2025.
          (4) For transport of Class 3 flammable liquids in Packing 
        Groups II and III, other than Class 3 flammable liquids 
        specified in paragraphs (1) and (2), May 1, 2029.
  (c) Retrofitting Shop Capacity.--The Secretary may extend the 
deadlines established under paragraphs (3) and (4) of subsection (b) 
for a period not to exceed 2 years if the Secretary determines that 
insufficient retrofitting shop capacity will prevent the phase-out of 
tank cars not meeting the DOT-117 or DOT-117R specifications by the 
deadlines set forth in such paragraphs.
  (d) Implementation.--Nothing in this section shall be construed to 
require the Secretary to issue regulations to implement this section.
  (e) Savings Clause.--Nothing in this section shall be construed to 
prohibit the Secretary from implementing the final rule issued on May 
08, 2015, entitled ``Enhanced Tank Car Standards and Operational 
Controls for High-Hazard Flammable Trains'' (80 Fed. Reg. 26643), other 
than the provisions of the final rule that are inconsistent with this 
section.
  (f) Class 3 Flammable Liquid Defined.--In this section, the term 
``Class 3 flammable liquid'' has the meaning given the term flammable 
liquid in section 173.120(a) of title 49, Code of Federal Regulations.

             TITLE VIII--MULTIMODAL FREIGHT TRANSPORTATION

SEC. 8001. MULTIMODAL FREIGHT TRANSPORTATION.

  (a) In General.--Subtitle IX of title 49, United States Code, is 
amended to read as follows:

            ``Subtitle IX--Multimodal Freight Transportation

``Chapter                                                          Sec.
``701. Multimodal freight policy............................      70101
``702. Multimodal freight transportation planning and             70201
                            information.

                ``CHAPTER 701--MULTIMODAL FREIGHT POLICY

``Sec.
``70101. National multimodal freight policy.
``70102. National freight strategic plan.
``70103. National Multimodal Freight Network.

``Sec. 70101. National multimodal freight policy

  ``(a) In General.--It is the policy of the United States to maintain 
and improve the condition and performance of the National Multimodal 
Freight Network established under section 70103 to ensure that the 
Network provides a foundation for the United States to compete in the 
global economy and achieve the goals described in subsection (b).
  ``(b) Goals.--The goals of the national multimodal freight policy 
are--
          ``(1) to identify infrastructure improvements, policies, and 
        operational innovations that--
                  ``(A) strengthen the contribution of the National 
                Multimodal Freight Network to the economic 
                competitiveness of the United States;
                  ``(B) reduce congestion and eliminate bottlenecks on 
                the National Multimodal Freight Network; and
                  ``(C) increase productivity, particularly for 
                domestic industries and businesses that create high-
                value jobs;
          ``(2) to improve the safety, security, efficiency, and 
        resiliency of multimodal freight transportation;
          ``(3) to achieve and maintain a state of good repair on the 
        National Multimodal Freight Network;
          ``(4) to use innovation and advanced technology to improve 
        the safety, efficiency, and reliability of the National 
        Multimodal Freight Network;
          ``(5) to improve the economic efficiency of the National 
        Multimodal Freight Network;
          ``(6) to improve the short- and long-distance movement of 
        goods that--
                  ``(A) travel across rural areas between population 
                centers;
                  ``(B) travel between rural areas and population 
                centers; and
                  ``(C) travel from the Nation's ports, airports, and 
                gateways to the National Multimodal Freight Network;
          ``(7) to improve the flexibility of States to support multi-
        State corridor planning and the creation of multi-State 
        organizations to increase the ability of States to address 
        multimodal freight connectivity; and
          ``(8) to reduce the adverse environmental impacts of freight 
        movement on the National Multimodal Freight Network.

``Sec. 70102. National freight strategic plan

  ``(a) In General.--Not later than 2 years after the date of enactment 
of this section, the Secretary of Transportation shall--
          ``(1) develop a national freight strategic plan in accordance 
        with this section; and
          ``(2) publish the plan on the public Internet Web site of the 
        Department of Transportation.
  ``(b) Contents.--The national freight strategic plan shall include--
          ``(1) an assessment of the condition and performance of the 
        National Multimodal Freight Network;
          ``(2) forecasts of freight volumes for the succeeding 5-, 10-
        , and 20-year periods;
          ``(3) an identification of major trade gateways and national 
        freight corridors that connect major population centers, trade 
        gateways, and other major freight generators;
          ``(4) an identification of bottlenecks on the National 
        Multimodal Freight Network that create significant freight 
        congestion, based on a quantitative methodology developed by 
        the Secretary, which shall, at a minimum, include--
                  ``(A) information from the Freight Analysis Framework 
                of the Federal Highway Administration; and
                  ``(B) to the maximum extent practicable, an estimate 
                of the cost of addressing each bottleneck and any 
                operational improvements that could be implemented;
          ``(5) an assessment of statutory, regulatory, technological, 
        institutional, financial, and other barriers to improved 
        freight transportation performance, and a description of 
        opportunities for overcoming the barriers;
          ``(6) an identification of best practices for improving the 
        performance of the National Multimodal Freight Network;
          ``(7) a process for addressing multistate projects and 
        encouraging jurisdictions to collaborate; and
          ``(8) strategies to improve freight intermodal connectivity.
  ``(c) Updates.--Not later than 5 years after the date of completion 
of the national freight strategic plan under subsection (a), and every 
5 years thereafter, the Secretary shall update the plan and publish the 
updated plan on the public Internet Web site of the Department of 
Transportation.
  ``(d) Consultation.--The Secretary shall develop and update the 
national freight strategic plan in consultation with State departments 
of transportation, metropolitan planning organizations, and other 
appropriate public and private transportation stakeholders.

``Sec. 70103. National Multimodal Freight Network

  ``(a) In General.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
enactment of this section, the Secretary of Transportation shall 
establish the National Multimodal Freight Network in accordance with 
this section--
          ``(1) to focus Federal policy on the most strategic freight 
        assets; and
          ``(2) to assist in strategically directing resources and 
        policies toward improved performance of the National Multimodal 
        Freight Network.
  ``(b) Network Components.--The National Multimodal Freight Network 
shall include--
          ``(1) the National Highway Freight Network, as established 
        under section 167 of title 23;
          ``(2) the freight rail systems of Class I railroads, as 
        designated by the Surface Transportation Board;
          ``(3) the public ports of the United States that have total 
        annual foreign and domestic trade of at least 2,000,000 short 
        tons, as identified by the Waterborne Commerce Statistics 
        Center of the Army Corps of Engineers, using the data from the 
        latest year for which such data is available;
          ``(4) the inland and intracoastal waterways of the United 
        States, as described in section 206 of the Inland Waterways 
        Revenue Act of 1978 (33 U.S.C. 1804);
          ``(5) the Great Lakes, the St. Lawrence Seaway, and coastal 
        routes along which domestic freight is transported;
          ``(6) the 50 airports located in the United States with the 
        highest annual landed weight, as identified by the Federal 
        Aviation Administration; and
          ``(7) other strategic freight assets, including strategic 
        intermodal facilities and freight rail lines of Class II and 
        Class III railroads, designated by the Secretary as critical to 
        interstate commerce.
  ``(c) Other Strategic Freight Assets.--In determining network 
components in subsection (b), the Secretary may consider strategic 
freight assets identified by States, including public ports if such 
ports do not meet the annual tonnage threshold, for inclusion on the 
National Multimodal Freight Network.
  ``(d) Redesignation.--Not later than 5 years after the date of 
establishment of the National Multimodal Freight Network under 
subsection (a), and every 5 years thereafter, the Secretary shall 
update the National Multimodal Freight Network.
  ``(e) Consultation.--The Secretary shall establish and update the 
National Multimodal Freight Network in consultation with State 
departments of transportation and other appropriate public and private 
transportation stakeholders.
  ``(f) Landed Weight Defined.--In this section, the term `landed 
weight' means the weight of an aircraft transporting only cargo in 
intrastate, interstate, or foreign air transportation, as such terms 
are defined in section 40102(a).

     ``CHAPTER 702--MULTIMODAL FREIGHT TRANSPORTATION PLANNING AND 
                              INFORMATION

``Sec.
``70201. State freight advisory committees.
``70202. State freight plans.
``70203. Data and tools.

``Sec. 70201. State freight advisory committees

  ``(a) In General.--The Secretary of Transportation shall encourage 
each State to establish a freight advisory committee consisting of a 
representative cross-section of public and private sector freight 
stakeholders, including representatives of ports, freight railroads, 
shippers, carriers, freight-related associations, third-party logistics 
providers, the freight industry workforce, the transportation 
department of the State, and local governments.
  ``(b) Role of Committee.--A freight advisory committee of a State 
described in subsection (a) shall--
          ``(1) advise the State on freight-related priorities, issues, 
        projects, and funding needs;
          ``(2) serve as a forum for discussion for State 
        transportation decisions affecting freight mobility;
          ``(3) communicate and coordinate regional priorities with 
        other organizations;
          ``(4) promote the sharing of information between the private 
        and public sectors on freight issues; and
          ``(5) participate in the development of the freight plan of 
        the State described in section 70202.

``Sec. 70202. State freight plans

  ``(a) In General.--Each State shall develop a freight plan that 
provides a comprehensive plan for the immediate and long-range planning 
activities and investments of the State with respect to freight.
  ``(b) Plan Contents.--A freight plan described in subsection (a) 
shall include, at a minimum--
          ``(1) an identification of significant freight system trends, 
        needs, and issues with respect to the State;
          ``(2) a description of the freight policies, strategies, and 
        performance measures that will guide the freight-related 
        transportation investment decisions of the State;
          ``(3) a description of how the plan will improve the ability 
        of the State to meet the national freight goals described in 
        section 70101;
          ``(4) evidence of consideration of innovative technologies 
        and operational strategies, including intelligent 
        transportation systems, that improve the safety and efficiency 
        of freight movement;
          ``(5) in the case of routes on which travel by heavy vehicles 
        (including mining, agricultural, energy cargo or equipment, and 
        timber vehicles) is projected to substantially deteriorate the 
        condition of roadways, a description of improvements that may 
        be required to reduce or impede the deterioration; and
          ``(6) an inventory of facilities with freight mobility 
        issues, such as truck bottlenecks, within the State, and a 
        description of the strategies the State is employing to address 
        those freight mobility issues.
  ``(c) Relationship to State Plans.--
          ``(1) In general.--A freight plan described in subsection (a) 
        may be developed separately from or incorporated into the 
        statewide transportation plans required by section 135 of title 
        23.
          ``(2) Updates.--If the freight plan described in subsection 
        (a) is developed separately from the State transportation 
        improvement program, the freight plan shall be updated at least 
        every 5 years.

``Sec. 70203. Data and tools

  ``(a) In General.--Not later than 1 year after the date of enactment 
of this section, the Secretary shall--
          ``(1) begin development of new tools or improve existing 
        tools to support an outcome-oriented, performance-based 
        approach to evaluate proposed freight-related and other 
        transportation projects, including--
                  ``(A) methodologies for systematic analysis of 
                benefits and costs;
                  ``(B) tools for ensuring that the evaluation of 
                freight-related and other transportation projects may 
                consider safety, economic competitiveness, 
                environmental sustainability, and system condition in 
                the project selection process; and
                  ``(C) other elements to assist in effective 
                transportation planning;
          ``(2) identify transportation-related freight travel models 
        and model data elements to support a broad range of evaluation 
        methods and techniques to assist in making transportation 
        investment decisions; and
          ``(3) at a minimum, in consultation with other relevant 
        Federal agencies, consider any improvements to existing freight 
        flow data collection efforts, including improved methods to 
        standardize and manage the data, that could reduce identified 
        freight data gaps and deficiencies and help improve forecasts 
        of freight transportation demand.
  ``(b) Consultation.--The Secretary shall consult with Federal, State, 
and other stakeholders to develop, improve, and implement the tools and 
collect the data described in subsection (a).''.
  (b) Clerical Amendment.--The analysis of subtitles for title 49, 
United States Code, is amended by striking the item relating to 
subtitle IX and inserting the following:

``IX. Multimodal Freight Transportation.....................   70101''.

  (c) Repeals.--Sections 1117 and 1118 of MAP-21 (Public Law 112-141), 
and the items relating to such sections in the table of contents in 
section 1(c) of such Act, are repealed.

TITLE IX--NATIONAL SURFACE TRANSPORTATION AND INNOVATIVE FINANCE BUREAU

SEC. 9001. NATIONAL SURFACE TRANSPORTATION AND INNOVATIVE FINANCE 
                    BUREAU.

  (a) In General.--Chapter 1 of title 49, United States Code, is 
amended by adding at the end the following:

``Sec. 116. National Surface Transportation and Innovative Finance 
                    Bureau

  ``(a) Establishment.--The Secretary of Transportation shall establish 
a National Surface Transportation and Innovative Finance Bureau in the 
Department.
  ``(b) Purposes.--The purposes of the Bureau shall be--
          ``(1) to administer the application processes for programs 
        within the Department in accordance with subsection (d);
          ``(2) to promote innovative financing best practices in 
        accordance with subsection (e);
          ``(3) to reduce uncertainty and delays with respect to 
        environmental reviews and permitting in accordance with 
        subsection (f);
          ``(4) to reduce costs and risks to taxpayers in project 
        delivery and procurement in accordance with subsection (g); and
          ``(5) to carry out subtitle IX of this title.
  ``(c) Executive Director.--
          ``(1) Appointment.--The Bureau shall be headed by an 
        Executive Director, who shall be appointed in the competitive 
        service by the Secretary, with the approval of the President.
          ``(2) Duties.--The Executive Director shall--
                  ``(A) report to the Under Secretary of Transportation 
                for Policy;
                  ``(B) be responsible for the management and oversight 
                of the daily activities, decisions, operations, and 
                personnel of the Bureau;
                  ``(C) support the Council on Credit and Finance 
                established under section 117 in accordance with this 
                section; and
                  ``(D) carry out such additional duties as the 
                Secretary may prescribe.
  ``(d) Administration of Certain Application Processes.--
          ``(1) In general.--The Bureau shall administer the 
        application processes for the following programs:
                  ``(A) The infrastructure finance programs authorized 
                under chapter 6 of title 23.
                  ``(B) The railroad rehabilitation and improvement 
                financing program authorized under sections 501 through 
                503 of the Railroad Revitalization and Regulatory 
                Reform Act of 1976 (45 U.S.C. 821-823).
                  ``(C) Amount allocations authorized under section 
                142(m) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986.
                  ``(D) The nationally significant freight and highway 
                projects program under section 117 of title 23.
          ``(2) Congressional notification.--The Secretary shall ensure 
        that the congressional notification requirements for each 
        program referred to in paragraph (1) are followed in accordance 
        with the statutory provisions applicable to the program.
          ``(3) Reports.--The Secretary shall ensure that the reporting 
        requirements for each program referred to in paragraph (1) are 
        followed in accordance with the statutory provisions applicable 
        to the program.
          ``(4) Coordination.--In administering the application 
        processes for the programs referred to in paragraph (1), the 
        Executive Director of the Bureau shall coordinate with 
        appropriate officials in the Department and its modal 
        administrations responsible for administering such programs.
          ``(5) Streamlining approval processes.--Not later than 1 year 
        after the date of enactment of this section, the Secretary 
        shall submit to the Committee on Transportation and 
        Infrastructure of the House of Representatives and the 
        Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation, the 
        Committee on Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs, and the 
        Committee on Environment and Public Works of the Senate a 
        report that--
                  ``(A) evaluates the application processes for the 
                programs referred to in paragraph (1);
                  ``(B) identifies administrative and legislative 
                actions that would improve the efficiency of the 
                application processes without diminishing Federal 
                oversight; and
                  ``(C) describes how the Secretary will implement 
                administrative actions identified under subparagraph 
                (B) that do not require an Act of Congress.
          ``(6) Procedures and transparency.--
                  ``(A) Procedures.--The Secretary shall, with respect 
                to the programs referred to in paragraph (1)--
                          ``(i) establish procedures for analyzing and 
                        evaluating applications and for utilizing the 
                        recommendations of the Council on Credit and 
                        Finance;
                          ``(ii) establish procedures for addressing 
                        late-arriving applications, as applicable, and 
                        communicating the Bureau's decisions for 
                        accepting or rejecting late applications to the 
                        applicant and the public; and
                          ``(iii) document major decisions in the 
                        application evaluation process through a 
                        decision memorandum or similar mechanism that 
                        provides a clear rationale for such decisions.
                  ``(B) Review.--
                          ``(i) In general.--The Comptroller General of 
                        the United States shall review the compliance 
                        of the Secretary with the requirements of this 
                        paragraph.
                          ``(ii) Recommendations.--The Comptroller 
                        General may make recommendations to the 
                        Secretary in order to improve compliance with 
                        the requirements of this paragraph.
                          ``(iii) Report.--Not later than 3 years after 
                        the date of enactment of this section, the 
                        Comptroller General shall submit to the 
                        Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure 
                        of the House of Representatives and the 
                        Committee on Environment and Public Works and 
                        the Committee on Commerce, Science, and 
                        Transportation of the Senate a report on the 
                        results of the review conducted under clause 
                        (i), including findings and recommendations for 
                        improvement.
  ``(e) Innovative Financing Best Practices.--
          ``(1) In general.--The Bureau shall work with the modal 
        administrations within the Department, the States, and other 
        public and private interests to develop and promote best 
        practices for innovative financing and public-private 
        partnerships.
          ``(2) Activities.--The Bureau shall carry out paragraph (1)--
                  ``(A) by making Federal credit assistance programs 
                more accessible to eligible recipients;
                  ``(B) by providing advice and expertise to State and 
                local governments that seek to leverage public and 
                private funding;
                  ``(C) by sharing innovative financing best practices 
                and case studies from State and local governments with 
                other State and local governments that are interested 
                in utilizing innovative financing methods; and
                  ``(D) by developing and monitoring--
                          ``(i) best practices with respect to 
                        standardized State public-private partnership 
                        authorities and practices, including best 
                        practices related to--
                                  ``(I) accurate and reliable 
                                assumptions for analyzing public-
                                private partnership procurements;
                                  ``(II) procedures for the handling of 
                                unsolicited bids;
                                  ``(III) policies with respect to 
                                noncompete clauses; and
                                  ``(IV) other significant terms of 
                                public-private partnership 
                                procurements, as determined appropriate 
                                by the Bureau;
                          ``(ii) standard contracts for the most common 
                        types of public-private partnerships for 
                        transportation facilities; and
                          ``(iii) analytical tools and other techniques 
                        to aid State and local governments in 
                        determining the appropriate project delivery 
                        model, including a value for money analysis.
          ``(3) Transparency.--The Bureau shall--
                  ``(A) ensure transparency of a project receiving 
                credit assistance under a program identified in 
                subsection (d)(1) and procured as a public-private 
                partnership by--
                          ``(i) requiring the project sponsor of such 
                        project to undergo a value for money analysis 
                        or a comparable analysis prior to deciding to 
                        advance the project as a public-private 
                        partnership;
                          ``(ii) requiring the analysis required under 
                        subparagraph (A) and other key terms of the 
                        relevant public-private partnership agreement, 
                        to be made publicly available by the project 
                        sponsor at an appropriate time;
                          ``(iii) not later than 3 years after the 
                        completion of the project, requiring the 
                        project sponsor of such project to conduct a 
                        review regarding whether the private partner is 
                        meeting the terms of the relevant public 
                        private partnership agreement for the project; 
                        and
                          ``(iv) providing a publicly available summary 
                        of the total level of Federal assistance in 
                        such project; and
                  ``(B) develop guidance to implement this paragraph 
                that takes into consideration variations in State and 
                local laws and requirements related to public-private 
                partnerships.
          ``(4) Support to projects sponsors.--At the request of a 
        State or local government, the Bureau shall provide technical 
        assistance to the State or local government regarding proposed 
        public-private partnership agreements for transportation 
        facilities, including assistance in performing a value for 
        money analysis or comparable analysis.
          ``(5) Fixed guideway transit procedures report.--Not later 
        than 1 year after the date of enactment of this section, the 
        Secretary shall submit to the Committee on Transportation and 
        Infrastructure of the House of Representatives and the 
        Committee on Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs of the Senate 
        a report that--
                  ``(A) evaluates the differences between traditional 
                design-bid-build, design-build, and public-private 
                partnership procurements for projects carried out under 
                the fixed guideway capital investment program 
                authorized under section 5309;
                  ``(B) identifies, for project procured as public-
                private partnerships whether the review and approval 
                process under the program requires modification to 
                better suit the unique nature of such procurements; and
                  ``(C) describes how the Secretary will implement any 
                administrative actions identified under subparagraph 
                (B) that do not require an Act of Congress.
  ``(f) Environmental Review and Permitting.--
          ``(1) In general.--The Bureau shall take such actions as are 
        appropriate and consistent with the goals and policies set 
        forth in this title and title 23, including with the 
        concurrence of other Federal agencies as required under this 
        title and title 23, to improve delivery timelines for projects.
          ``(2) Activities.--The Bureau shall carry out paragraph (1)--
                  ``(A) by serving as the Department's liaison to the 
                Council on Environmental Quality;
                  ``(B) by coordinating Department-wide efforts to 
                improve the efficiency and effectiveness of the 
                environmental review and permitting process;
                  ``(C) by coordinating Department efforts under 
                section 139 of title 23;
                  ``(D) by supporting modernization efforts at Federal 
                agencies to achieve innovative approaches to the 
                permitting and review of projects;
                  ``(E) by providing technical assistance and training 
                to field and headquarters staff of Federal agencies on 
                policy changes and innovative approaches to the 
                delivery of projects;
                  ``(F) by identifying, developing, and tracking 
                metrics for permit reviews and decisions by Federal 
                agencies for projects under the National Environmental 
                Policy Act of 1969; and
                  ``(G) by administering and expanding the use of 
                Internet-based tools providing for--
                          ``(i) the development and posting of 
                        schedules for permit reviews and permit 
                        decisions for projects; and
                          ``(ii) the sharing of best practices related 
                        to efficient permitting and reviews for 
                        projects.
          ``(3) Support to project sponsors.--At the request of a State 
        or local government, the Bureau, in coordination with the other 
        appropriate modal agencies within the Department, shall provide 
        technical assistance with regard to the compliance of a project 
        sponsored by the State or local government with the 
        requirements of the National Environmental Policy Act 1969 and 
        relevant Federal environmental permits.
  ``(g) Project Procurement.--
          ``(1) In general.--The Bureau shall promote best practices in 
        procurement for a project receiving assistance under a program 
        identified in subsection (d)(1) by developing, in coordination 
        with the Federal Highway Administration and other modal 
        agencies as appropriate, procurement benchmarks in order to 
        ensure accountable expenditure of Federal assistance over the 
        life cycle of such project.
          ``(2) Procurement benchmarks.--The procurement benchmarks 
        developed under paragraph (1) shall, to the maximum extent 
        practicable--
                  ``(A) establish maximum thresholds for acceptable 
                project cost increases and delays in project delivery;
                  ``(B) establish uniform methods for States to measure 
                cost and delivery changes over the life cycle of a 
                project; and
                  ``(C) be tailored, as necessary, to various types of 
                project procurements, including design-bid-build, 
                design-build, and public private partnerships.
  ``(h) Elimination and Consolidation of Duplicative Offices.--
          ``(1) Elimination of offices.--The Secretary may eliminate 
        any office within the Department if the Secretary determines 
        that the purposes of the office are duplicative of the purposes 
        of the Bureau, and the elimination of such office shall not 
        adversely affect the obligations of the Secretary under any 
        Federal law.
          ``(2) Consolidation of offices.--The Secretary may 
        consolidate any office within the Department into the Bureau 
        that the Secretary determines has duties, responsibilities, 
        resources, or expertise that support the purposes of the 
        Bureau.
          ``(3) Staffing and budgetary resources.--
                  ``(A) In general.--The Secretary shall ensure that 
                the Bureau is adequately staffed and funded.
                  ``(B) Staffing.--The Secretary may transfer to the 
                Bureau a position within the Department from any office 
                that is eliminated or consolidated under this 
                subsection if the Secretary determines that the 
                position is necessary to carry out the purposes of the 
                Bureau.
                  ``(C) Budgetary resources.--
                          ``(i) Transfer of funds from eliminated or 
                        consolidated offices.--The Secretary may 
                        transfer to the Bureau funds allocated to any 
                        office that is eliminated or consolidated under 
                        this subsection to carry out the purposes of 
                        the Bureau.
                          ``(ii) Transfer of funds allocated to 
                        administrative costs.--The Secretary shall 
                        transfer to the Bureau funds allocated to the 
                        administrative costs of processing applications 
                        for the programs referred to in subsection 
                        (d)(1).
          ``(4) Report.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
        enactment of this section, the Secretary shall submit to the 
        Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure of the House of 
        Representatives and the Committee on Environment and Public 
        Works and the Committee on Commerce, Science, and 
        Transportation of the Senate a report that--
                  ``(A) lists the offices eliminated under paragraph 
                (1) and provides the rationale for elimination of the 
                offices;
                  ``(B) lists the offices consolidated under paragraph 
                (2) and provides the rationale for consolidation of the 
                offices; and
                  ``(C) describes the actions taken under paragraph (3) 
                and provides the rationale for taking such actions.
  ``(i) Savings Provisions.--
          ``(1) Laws and regulations.--Nothing in this section may be 
        construed to change a law or regulation with respect to a 
        program referred to in subsection (d)(1).
          ``(2) Responsibilities.--Nothing in this section may be 
        construed to abrogate the responsibilities of an agency, 
        operating administration, or office within the Department 
        otherwise charged by a law or regulation with other aspects of 
        program administration, oversight, and project approval or 
        implementation for the programs and projects subject to this 
        section.
  ``(j) Definitions.--In this section, the following definitions apply:
          ``(1) Bureau.--The term `Bureau' means the National Surface 
        Transportation and Innovative Finance Bureau of the Department.
          ``(2) Department.--The term `Department' means the Department 
        of Transportation.
          ``(3) Multimodal project.--The term `multimodal project' 
        means a project involving the participation of more than one 
        modal administration or secretarial office within the 
        Department.
          ``(4) Project.--The term `project' means a highway project, 
        public transportation capital project, freight or passenger 
        rail project, or multimodal project.''.
  (b) Clerical Amendment.--The analysis for such chapter is amended by 
adding at the end the following:

``116. National Surface Transportation and Innovative Finance 
Bureau.''.

SEC. 9002. COUNCIL ON CREDIT AND FINANCE.

  (a) In General.--Chapter 1 of title 49, United States Code, as 
amended by this Act, is further amended by adding at the end the 
following:

``Sec. 117. Council on Credit and Finance

  ``(a) Establishment.--The Secretary of Transportation shall establish 
a Council on Credit and Finance in accordance with this section.
  ``(b) Membership.--
          ``(1) In general.--The Council shall be composed of the 
        following members:
                  ``(A) The Under Secretary of Transportation for 
                Policy.
                  ``(B) The Chief Financial Officer and Assistant 
                Secretary for Budget and Programs.
                  ``(C) The General Counsel of the Department of 
                Transportation.
                  ``(D) The Assistant Secretary for Transportation 
                Policy.
                  ``(E) The Administrator of the Federal Highway 
                Administration.
                  ``(F) The Administrator of the Federal Transit 
                Administration.
                  ``(G) The Administrator of the Federal Railroad 
                Administration.
          ``(2) Additional members.--The Secretary may designate up to 
        3 additional officials of the Department to serve as at-large 
        members of the Council.
          ``(3) Chairperson and vice chairperson.--
                  ``(A) Chairperson.--The Under Secretary of 
                Transportation for Policy shall serve as the 
                chairperson of the Council.
                  ``(B) Vice chairperson.--The Chief Financial Officer 
                and Assistant Secretary for Budget and Programs shall 
                serve as the vice chairperson of the Council.
          ``(4) Executive director.--The Executive Director of the 
        National Surface Transportation and Innovative Finance Bureau 
        shall serve as a nonvoting member of the Council.
  ``(c) Duties.--The Council shall--
          ``(1) review applications for assistance submitted under the 
        programs referred to in section 116(d)(1);
          ``(2) make recommendations to the Secretary regarding the 
        selection of projects to receive assistance under the programs 
        referred to in section 116(d)(1);
          ``(3) review, on a regular basis, projects that received 
        assistance under the programs referred to in section 116(d)(1); 
        and
          ``(4) carry out such additional duties as the Secretary may 
        prescribe.''.
  (b) Clerical Amendment.--The analysis for such chapter is further 
amended by adding at the end the following:

``117. Council on Credit and Finance.''.

    TITLE X--SPORT FISH RESTORATION AND RECREATIONAL BOATING SAFETY

SEC. 10001. ALLOCATIONS.

  (a) Authorization.--Section 3 of the Dingell-Johnson Sport Fish 
Restoration Act (16 U.S.C. 777b) is amended by striking ``57 percent'' 
and inserting ``58.012 percent''.
  (b) In General.--Section 4 of the Dingell-Johnson Sport Fish 
Restoration Act (16 U.S.C. 777c) is amended--
          (1) in subsection (a)--
                  (A) in the matter preceding paragraph (1)--
                          (i) by striking ``For each'' and all that 
                        follows through ``the balance'' and inserting 
                        ``For each fiscal year through fiscal year 
                        2021, the balance''; and
                          (ii) by striking ``multistate conservation 
                        grants under section 14'' and inserting 
                        ``activities under section 14(e)'';
                  (B) in paragraph (1), by striking ``18.5'' percent 
                and inserting ``18.673 percent'';
                  (C) in paragraph (2) by striking ``18.5 percent'' and 
                inserting ``17.315 percent'';
                  (D) by striking paragraphs (3) and (4);
                  (E) by redesignating paragraph (5) as paragraph (4); 
                and
                  (F) by inserting after paragraph (2) the following:
          ``(3) Boating infrastructure improvement.--
                  ``(A) In general.--An amount equal to 4 percent to 
                the Secretary of the Interior for qualified projects 
                under section 5604(c) of the Clean Vessel Act of 1992 
                (33 U.S.C. 1322 note) and section 7404(d) of the 
                Sportfishing and Boating Safety Act of 1998 (16 U.S.C. 
                777g-1(d)).
                  ``(B) Limitation.--Not more than 75 percent of the 
                amount under subparagraph (A) shall be available for 
                projects under either of the sections referred to in 
                subparagraph (A).'';
          (2) in subsection (b)--
                  (A) in paragraph (1)(A) by striking ``for each'' and 
                all that follows through ``the Secretary'' and 
                inserting ``for each fiscal year through fiscal year 
                2021, the Secretary'';
                  (B) by redesignating paragraph (2) as paragraph (3);
                  (C) by inserting after paragraph (1) the following:
          ``(2) Set-aside for coast guard administration.--
                  ``(A) In general.--From the annual appropriation made 
                in accordance with section 3, for each of fiscal years 
                2016 through 2021, the Secretary of the department in 
                which the Coast Guard is operating may use no more than 
                the amount specified in subparagraph (B) for the fiscal 
                year for the purposes set forth in section 13107(c) of 
                title 46, United States Code. The amount specified in 
                subparagraph (B) for a fiscal year may not be included 
                in the amount of the annual appropriation distributed 
                under subsection (a) for the fiscal year.
                  ``(B) Available amounts.--The available amount 
                referred to in subparagraph (A) is--
                          ``(i) for fiscal year 2016, $7,800,000;
                          ``(ii) for fiscal year 2017, $7,900,000;
                          ``(iii) for fiscal year 2018, $8,000,000;
                          ``(iv) for fiscal year 2019, $8,100,000;
                          ``(v) for fiscal year 2020, $8,200,000; and
                          ``(vi) for fiscal year 2021, $8,300,000.''; 
                        and
                  (D) in paragraph (3), as so redesignated--
                          (i) in subparagraph (A), by striking ``until 
                        the end of the fiscal year.'' and inserting 
                        ``until the end of the subsequent fiscal 
                        year.''; and
                          (ii) in subparagraph (B) by striking ``under 
                        subsection (e)'' and inserting ``under 
                        subsection (c)'';
          (3) in subsection (c)--
                  (A) by striking ``(c) The Secretary'' and inserting 
                ``(c)(1) The Secretary,'';
                  (B) by striking ``grants under section 14 of this 
                title'' and inserting ``activities under section 
                14(e)'';
                  (C) by striking ``57 percent'' and inserting ``58.012 
                percent''; and
                  (D) by adding at the end the following:
  ``(2) The Secretary shall deduct from the amount to be apportioned 
under paragraph (1) the amounts used for grants under section 14(a).''; 
and
          (4) in subsection (e)(1), by striking ``those subsections,'' 
        and inserting ``those paragraphs,''.
  (c) Submission and Approval of Plans and Projects.--Section 6(d) of 
the Dingell-Johnson Sport Fish Restoration Act (16 U.S.C. 777e(d)) is 
amended by striking ``for appropriations'' and inserting ``from 
appropriations''.
  (d) Unexpended or Unobligated Funds.--Section 8(b)(2) of the Dingell-
Johnson Sport Fish Restoration Act (16 U.S.C. 777g(b)(2)) is amended by 
striking ``57 percent'' and inserting ``58.012 percent''.
  (e) Cooperation.--Section 12 of the Dingell-Johnson Sport Fish 
Restoration Act (16 U.S.C. 777k) is amended--
          (1) by striking ``57 percent'' and inserting ``58.012 
        percent''; and
          (2) by striking ``under section 4(b)'' and inserting ``under 
        section 4(c)''.
  (f) Other Activities.--Section 14 of the Dingell-Johnson Sport Fish 
Restoration Act (16 U.S.C. 777m) is amended--
          (1) in subsection (a)(1), by striking ``of each annual 
        appropriation made in accordance with the provisions of section 
        3''; and
          (2) in subsection (e)--
                  (A) in the matter preceding paragraph (1) by striking 
                ``Of amounts made available under section 4(b) for each 
                fiscal year--'' and inserting ``Not more than 
                $1,200,000 of each annual appropriation made in 
                accordance with the provisions of section 3 shall be 
                distributed to the Secretary of the Interior for use as 
                follows:''; and
                  (B) in paragraph (1)(D) by striking ``; and'' and 
                inserting a period.
  (g) Repeal.--The Dingell-Johnson Sport Fish Restoration Act (16 
U.S.C. 777 et seq.) is amended--
          (1) by striking section 15; and
          (2) by redesignating section 16 as section 15.

SEC. 10002. RECREATIONAL BOATING SAFETY.

  Section 13107 of title 46, United States Code, is amended--
          (1) in subsection (a)--
                  (A) by striking ``(1) Subject to paragraph (2) and 
                subsection (c),'' and inserting ``Subject to subsection 
                (c),'';
                  (B) by striking ``the sum of (A) the amount made 
                available from the Boat Safety Account for that fiscal 
                year under section 15 of the Dingell-Johnson Sport Fish 
                Restoration Act and (B)''; and
                  (C) by striking paragraph (2); and
          (2) in subsection (c)--
                  (A) by striking the subsection designation and 
                paragraph (1) and inserting the following:
  ``(c)(1)(A) The Secretary may use amounts made available each fiscal 
year under section 4(b)(2) of the Dingell-Johnson Sport Fish 
Restoration Act (16 U.S.C. 777c(b)(2)) for payment of expenses of the 
Coast Guard for investigations, personnel, and activities directly 
related to--
          ``(i) administering State recreational boating safety 
        programs under this chapter; or
          ``(ii) coordinating or carrying out the national recreational 
        boating safety program under this title.
  ``(B) Of the amounts used by the Secretary each fiscal year under 
subparagraph (A)--
          ``(i) not less than $2,000,000 is available to ensure 
        compliance with chapter 43 of this title; and
          ``(ii) not more than $1,500,000 is available to conduct a 
        survey of levels of recreational boating participation and 
        related matters in the United States.''; and
                  (B) in paragraph (2)--
                          (i) by striking ``No funds'' and inserting 
                        ``On and after October 1, 2016, no funds''; and
                          (ii) by striking ``traditionally''.

                         Purpose of Legislation

    H.R. 3763, the Surface Transportation Reauthorization and 
Reform Act of 2015 (STRR Act), as amended, authorizes federal 
surface transportation programs through fiscal year (FY) 2021. 
The bill makes reforms to laws governing highway project 
funding and construction, transit, highway safety, the 
operations of motor carriers, transportation research, and 
hazardous materials transportation.

                  Background and Need for Legislation

    The Moving Ahead for Progress in the 21st Century Act (MAP-
21) (P.L. 112-141) was enacted in July 2012 and reauthorized 
federal surface transportation programs through September 30, 
2014. Since that time, four extensions have been enacted to 
continue program authorizations. The latest extension, the 
Surface Transportation Extension Act of 2015, will expire on 
November 20, 2015. The STRR Act provides the long-term 
stability that is needed in order for states to plan major 
transportation projects.

                      IMPROVING OUR INFRASTRUCTURE

    The surface transportation system represents our most 
immediate and accessible link to our Nation's vast 
transportation network. Our surface transportation 
infrastructure supports our national security, ensures our 
global competitiveness, and facilitates economic growth. As we 
invest in new transportation projects, we must also continue to 
invest in existing structures so we can remain competitive in 
the global marketplace.
    During the last two centuries, improvements in our surface 
transportation system helped build the United States into a 
great nation. Our surface transportation infrastructure became 
second to none. Today, reports of deteriorating bridges, 
crumbling highways, and breakdowns on transit systems serve as 
reminders that when this infrastructure is taken for granted, 
it increases risks to the system's safety and our economy. The 
United States now ranks 16th in the world in terms of 
infrastructure quality, and 15th in percentage of Gross 
Domestic Product devoted to infrastructure investment.
    The STRR Act improves our surface transportation 
infrastructure by making necessary reforms to programs, 
refocusing on our national priorities, and focusing on 
innovation.

                                 REFORM

    Building transportation projects requires state and local 
governments to meet complex legal, technical, and analytical 
requirements. Currently, it can take up to 14 years for a 
transportation project to be completed using federal funds. 
Time is money, and any unnecessary barrier or delay during the 
process can have a significant impact on the number and quality 
of improvements, particularly when funding for our Nation's 
infrastructure is limited.
    The STRR Act reforms surface transportation programs to 
accelerate project delivery, promote innovative financing, and 
provide greater flexibility to states and local governments to 
better address their priorities and needs.

                 REFOCUSING ON OUR NATIONAL PRIORITIES

    One of the fundamental responsibilities of government is 
promoting interstate commerce. This duty is critical to the 
economy. A strong national surface transportation system 
enhances the flow of commerce from coast to coast, as well as 
beyond our borders. It also increases the ability of American 
businesses to prosper, create jobs, and compete in a global 
marketplace.
    The STRR Act refocuses federal transportation programs on 
national priorities. The bill redirects existing funds into a 
new program, the Nationally Significant Freight and Highway 
Projects program, to focus on large-scale projects of national 
or regional importance. This new program ensures that the best 
projects are awarded funding by establishing a competitive 
grant process with congressional oversight. Further, this 
program provides dedicated funding for freight projects for the 
first time.

                               INNOVATION

    Technology plays an important and growing role in our 
Nation's transportation systems. Our Nation's surface 
transportation system must be capable of benefiting from 
innovation and new transportation technologies.
    Innovation is increasingly important to how we live our 
lives, how we get from place to place, and how we build our 
infrastructure. Taking advantage of existing and future 
transportation technologies is another means of judiciously 
utilizing limited funding. Connected vehicles, smart 
infrastructure, and autonomous vehicles are a few examples of 
the future of transportation. We cannot afford to stifle or 
overregulate innovations that can make our surface 
transportation system safer and more efficient. For example, 93 
percent of highway crashes are attributable to driver control 
error. If advances in technology can reduce instances of driver 
error, we can also reduce the approximately 32,000 traffic 
fatalities each year.
    The STRR Act promotes private investment in our surface 
transportation system. By collaborating with the private 
sector, each taxpayer dollar is stretched further for a better 
and more effective investment. Accelerating the introduction of 
new transportation technologies and promoting the deployment of 
such technologies will improve safety for drivers and 
pedestrians. The bill also focuses on updating federal research 
and transportation standards development to reflect the growth 
of technology used in transportation.

                        FEDERAL HIGHWAY PROGRAM

    The Federal-Aid Highway Program is a federally-funded, 
state administered program. While the Federal Highway 
Administration (FHWA) oversees the program, the states 
determine how, where, and on what projects to use their federal 
highway funding. The STRR Act reauthorizes the program through 
FY 2021 and includes several reforms to maximize funding for 
national priorities, improve project delivery, increase 
flexibility for state and local governments, and improve 
transparency.

Maximizes funding for national priorities

    The bill refocuses existing funding to create a Nationally 
Significant Freight and Highway Projects program funded at $4.5 
billion for fiscal years 2016 through 2021 for large-scale 
projects of national or regional importance. It also expands 
funding available to address deficient bridges off the National 
Highway System (NHS).

Improves project delivery

    The bill accelerates the environmental review and 
permitting process by promoting increased and early 
coordination among federal, state, and local agencies, 
consolidating the approval process, and establishing a pilot 
program to allow up to five states to apply state laws and 
regulations if they are substantially equivalent to National 
Environmental Policy Act (NEPA).

Increases flexibility

    The bill converts the Surface Transportation Program (STP) 
to a block grant program, the Surface Transportation Block 
Grant Program (STBGP), maximizing flexibility for states and 
local governments. It also rolls the Transportation 
Alternatives Program into STBGP and increases the amount that 
certain local governments can flex out of the program to spend 
on other highway priorities. It increases the amount of STBGP 
funding that is distributed to local governments from 50 
percent to 55 percent over the life of the bill. Finally, it 
removes a requirement for states to collect superfluous data on 
unpaved and gravel roads.

Improves transparency

    The bill requires FHWA to provide project-level information 
to Congress and the public.

                        FEDERAL TRANSIT PROGRAMS

    Public transportation enhances mobility for many 
individuals, whether they come from a rural or urban setting. 
The STRR Act reauthorizes federal transit programs through FY 
2021 and includes provisions to reform Federal Transit 
Administration (FTA) programs, increase flexibility, expand 
mobility, improve safety, and promote accountability.

Increases flexibility

    The bill improves flexibility for local transit authorities 
by reducing federal mandates on transit enhancement activities 
and cost shares for bicycle related projects. It also allows 
transit authorities to use federal funds to meet their state of 
good repair needs. Finally, the bill includes provisions to 
make capital purchases more cost effective.

Expands mobility

    The bill provides for the coordination of public 
transportation services with other federally assisted local 
transportation services to aid in the mobility of seniors and 
individuals with disabilities. It also allows states to partner 
with intercity bus providers to support greater rural mobility.

Improves safety

    The bill strengthens safety by requiring the Secretary of 
Transportation (Secretary) to review existing minimum safety 
standards in public transportation, determine where gaps or 
conflicts between regulations exist, and work with the public 
and stakeholders to address them. The Secretary is authorized 
to withhold funds from the Public Transportation Safety Program 
when recipients are determined to be non-compliant with minimum 
safety standards.

Promotes accountability

    The bill consolidates research programs conducted by FTA to 
increase government accountability and transparency. Annual 
reports on research must be accessible to the public. To 
improve the transparency and accountability of transit grants, 
transit authorities are required to include project elements in 
the project's cost-effectiveness calculation.

                             HIGHWAY SAFETY

    In 2013, 32,719 fatalities occurred on our Nation's 
highways, according to the National Highway Traffic Safety 
Administration (NHTSA). More can be done to reduce the number 
of accidents and improve safety. The STRR Act reauthorizes 
highway safety programs through FY 2021 and makes several 
reforms to existing law to help keep drivers, pedestrians, and 
our roads safe.

Prioritizes emerging safety needs

    The bill enables states to spend more funds on the pressing 
safety needs unique to their state by increasing the percentage 
of National Priority Safety Program funds that can be flexed to 
each state's traditional safety program. The bill also requires 
the Secretary to study the feasibility of establishing an 
impairment standard for drivers under the influence of 
marijuana and provide recommendations on how to implement such 
a standard.

Improves safety

    The bill reforms the Impaired Driving Countermeasures, 
Distracted Driving, and State Graduated Driver License 
Incentive programs to reduce barriers to state eligibility and 
improve incentives for states to adopt laws and regulations to 
improve highway safety. The bill encourages states to adopt 
programs to increase driver awareness of commercial motor 
vehicles. Finally, the bill encourages states to adopt safety 
awareness programs for pedestrians and bicyclists.

                             MOTOR CARRIERS

    The operations of trucks and intercity buses are critical 
to our economy. In 2012, 70 percent of all freight in the 
United States--over 13 billion tons valued at more than $12 
trillion--was moved by truck. In the same year, the motor coach 
industry provided approximately 637 million trips to 
passengers, transporting them a total of 75.7 billion miles. To 
continue to grow the economy, it is important to ensure these 
industries can continue to safely move freight and passengers 
in interstate commerce. The STRR Act reauthorizes the programs 
of the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA) 
through FY 2021 and includes several reforms to improve truck 
and bus safety.

Improves safety

    The bill incentivizes the adoption of innovative truck and 
bus safety technologies and accelerates the implementation of 
safety regulations required by law. The bill also authorizes 
new testing methods to detect the use of drugs and alcohol by 
commercial motor vehicle drivers.

Reduces regulatory burdens

    The bill reforms the regulatory process by requiring FMCSA 
to review regulations every five years to ensure they are 
current, consistent, and uniformly enforced. The bill also 
consolidates nine existing FMCSA grant programs into four and 
streamlines program requirements to reduce administrative costs 
and regulatory burdens on states.

Provides opportunities for veterans

    The bill awards grant priority to programs that train 
veterans for careers in the trucking industry and reduces 
regulatory barriers faced by veterans seeking employment as 
commercial truck and bus drivers.

                   HAZARDOUS MATERIALS TRANSPORTATION

    The Pipelines and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration 
(PHMSA) oversees the safe and secure shipment of nearly 1.4 
million daily movements of hazardous materials, including 
everyday products, such as paints, fuels, fertilizers, alcohol, 
chlorine, fireworks, and batteries that are essential items to 
the general public and local economies due to their use in the 
American economy. In total, almost 4 billion tons of hazardous 
materials are moved safely throughout the Nation each year. 
However, this does not mean we cannot improve on an already 
safe industry. The bill strengthens and advances the safe and 
efficient movement of hazardous materials through a number of 
reforms and safety improvements.

Enhances emergency preparedness and response

    The bill reforms an underutilized grant program to get more 
money to states and Indian tribes for emergency response, while 
also granting states more power to decide how to spend their 
training and planning funds. It helps better leverage training 
funding for hazardous materials employees and those enforcing 
hazardous materials regulations. Additionally, it will require 
all Class I Railroads to provide information to State Emergency 
Response Commissions (SERCs) regarding the movement of certain 
flammable materials.

Strengthens and improves crude-by-rail

    The bill enhances safety by requiring new tank cars to be 
equipped with ``thermal blankets'', requiring each railroad 
carrier transporting certain flammable liquids to maintain a 
comprehensive oil spill response plan and provide certain 
information about flammable liquid shipments to SERCs, and 
initiates real-world testing and a data-driven approach to 
investigate braking technology requirements for crude 
movements. Finally, it ensures all DOT-111 and CPC-1232 tank 
cars in flammable liquids service are upgraded to new retrofit 
standards regardless of the product being transported.

Streamlines processes and creates certainty and transparency for 
        industry

    The bill extends the deadline for positive train control 
technology to ensure a safe and efficient implementation for 
America's rail passengers, commuters, and freight railroads. 
Additionally, it speeds up the administrative process and 
reduces red tape to create certainty for the hazardous 
materials industry with special permits and approvals. The bill 
requires a full review of third-party classification labs to 
ensure the labs can perform such examinations in a manner that 
meets the hazardous materials regulations. Furthermore, it 
allows PHMSA to respond more nimbly during national 
emergencies. Finally, it requires PHMSA to withdraw a 
rulemaking on ``wetlines'' consistent with a Government 
Accountability Office (GAO) study recommending that PHMSA 
collect more data.

                                Hearings

    On February 11, 2015, the Committee on Transportation and 
Infrastructure held a hearing to receive testimony from the 
Secretary of Transportation regarding the Administration's 
perspective on a reauthorization of federal surface 
transportation programs. On March 17, 2015, the Committee held 
a hearing to gather input from representatives of state and 
local governments concerning a reauthorization of federal 
surface transportation programs. On April 14, 2015, the 
Subcommittee on Railroads, Pipelines, and Hazardous Materials 
held a hearing to examine ongoing rail, pipeline, and hazardous 
materials rulemakings. On April 29, 2015, the Subcommittee on 
Highways and Transit held a hearing to examine the safety of 
commercial motor vehicles. On June 24, 2015, the Subcommittee 
on Highways and Transit held a hearing to examine rural 
transportation needs. On June 24, 2015, the Subcommittee on 
Railroads, Pipelines, and Hazardous Materials held a hearing on 
the state of positive train control implementation in the 
United States.

                 Legislative History and Consideration

    On October 20, 2015, Committee on Transportation and 
Infrastructure Committee Chairman Bill Shuster and Ranking 
Member Peter DeFazio, and Subcommittee on Highways and Transit 
Chairman Sam Graves and Ranking Member Eleanor Holmes Norton 
introduced H.R. 3763, the Surface Transportation 
Reauthorization and Reform Act of 2015. On October 22, 2015, 
the Committee met in open session to consider H.R. 3763, and 
ordered the bill, as amended, reported favorably to the House 
of Representatives by voice vote with a quorum present.
    During consideration of the bill, the Committee dispensed 
with amendments as follows:

The following amendments were approved by voice vote:

    A Manager's amendment offered by Chairman Shuster 
designated 045;
    Amendments considered en bloc and consisting of an 
amendment by Representative LoBiondo designated 013, and 
amendment by Representative Davis designated 030, an amendment 
by Representative Hanna designated 019, an amendment by 
Representative Hunter designated 044, and an amendment by 
Representative Gibbs designated 009; and An amendment offered 
by Representative Ribble designated 022.

The following amendments were approved by unanimous consent:

    An amendment offered by Representative Perry designated 
042;
    An amendment offered by Representative Carson designated 
866;
    An amendment offered by Representative Titus designated 
040;
    An amendment offered by Representative Lipinski designated 
085; and
    An amendment offered by Representative Babin designated 
055.

The following amendment was ruled out of order:

    An amendment offered by Representative Garamendi designated 
069.

The following amendments were defeated by recorded vote:

    An amendment offered by Representative Garamendi designated 
070; and
    An amendment offered by Representative Rokita designated 
029.

The following amendments were withdrawn:

    An amendment offered by Representative Young designated 
090;
    An amendment offered by Representative Capuano designated 
029;
    An amendment offered by Representative Duncan designated 
024;
    Amendments offered by Representative Napolitano considered 
en bloc and consisting of an amendment designated 011, an 
amendment designated 013, and an amendment designated 015;
    An amendment offered by Representative Hunter designated 
045;
    An amendment offered by Representative Cohen designated 
075;
    An amendment offered by Representative Crawford designated 
039;
    An amendment offered by Representative Edwards designated 
037;
    An amendment offered by Representative Barletta designated 
040;
    An amendment offered by Representative Farenthold 
designated 038;
    An amendment offered by Representative Hahn designated 051;
    An amendment offered by Representative Gibbs designated 
013;
    An amendment offered by Representative Nolan designated 
043;
    Amendments offered by Representative Kirkpatrick considered 
en bloc and consisting of an amendment designated 023 and an 
amendment designated 024;
    An amendment offered by Representative Ribble designated 
020;
    An amendment offered by Representative Rice designated 028;
    An amendment offered by Representative Maloney designated 
025;
    An amendment offered by Representative Perry designated 
036;
    Amendments offered by Representative Frankel considered en 
bloc and consisting of an amendment designated 022, an 
amendment designated 023, and an amendment designated 024;
    Amendments offered by Representative Davis considered en 
bloc and consisting of an amendment designated 026, an 
amendment designated 028, and an amendment designated 033;
    An amendment offered by Representative Brownley designated 
032;
    An amendment offered by Representative Babin designated 
054;
    An amendment offered by Representative Hardy designated 
020;
    An amendment offered by Representative Costello designated 
013;
    An amendment offered by Representative Larsen designated 
031;
    An amendment offered by Representative Duncan designated 
025;
    An amendment offered by Representative Lipinski designated 
065;
    An amendment offered by Representative Barletta designated 
041;
    An amendment offered by Representative Edwards designated 
038;
    An amendment offered by Representative Farenthold 
designated 039;
    An amendment offered by Representative Gibbs designated 
011;
    An amendment offered by Representative Nolan designated 
044;
    An amendment offered by Representative Kirkpatrick 
designated 026;
    An amendment offered by Representative Maloney designated 
026;
    An amendment offered by Representative Rokita designated 
031;
    An amendment offered by Representative Babin designated 
057;
    Amendments offered by Representative Lipinski considered en 
bloc and consisting of an amendment designated 046 and an 
amendment designated 049;
    An amendment offered by Representative Edwards designated 
041;
    An amendment offered by Representative Rokita designated 
042;
    An amendment offered by Representative Perry designated 
038;
    An amendment offered by Representative Farenthold 
designated 040;
    An amendment offered by Representative Lipinski designated 
052;
    An amendment offered by Representative Farenthold 
designated 041;
    An amendment offered by Representative Ribble designated 
024;
    An amendment offered by Representative Edwards designated 
045;
    An amendment offered by Representative Garamendi designated 
063;
    An amendment offered by Representative Perry designated 
040;
    An amendment offered by Representative Crawford designated 
038;
    An amendment offered by Representative Barletta designated 
043;
    An amendment offered by Representative Massie designated 
034;
    An amendment offered by Representative Napolitano 
designated 016;
    An amendment offered by Representative Denham concerning 
federal preemption of state laws affecting motor carriers; and
    An amendment offered by Representative Mica designated 017.

                            Committee Votes

    Clause 3(b) of rule XIII of the Rules of the House of 
Representatives requires each committee report to include the 
total number of votes cast for and against on each record vote 
on a motion to report and on any amendment offered to the 
measure or matter, and the names of those members voting for 
and against. During Committee consideration of H.R. 3763, 
record votes were taken on an amendment offered by 
Representative Garamendi designated 070, and an amendment 
offered by Representative Rokita designated 029. The Committee 
disposed of these amendments by record vote as follows:


                      Committee Oversight Findings

    With respect to the requirements of clause 3(c)(1) of rule 
XIII of the Rules of the House of Representatives, the 
Committee's oversight findings and recommendations are 
reflected in this report.

               New Budget Authority and Tax Expenditures

    With respect to the requirement of clause 3(c)(2) of rule 
XIII of the Rules of the House of Representatives, the 
Committee reports that at this time it is not in the position 
to make a cost estimate for H.R. 3763, as amended, as the 
Congressional Budget Office has not timely submitted an 
estimate and comparison under section 402 of the Congressional 
Budget Act of 1974 to the Committee before the filing of the 
report.

               Congressional Budget Office Cost Estimate

    With respect to the requirement of clause 3(c)(3) of rule 
XIII of the Rules of the House of Representatives and section 
402 of the Congressional Budget Act of 1974, the Committee 
reports that at this time it is not in the position to make a 
cost estimate for H.R. 3763, as amended, as the Congressional 
Budget Office has not timely submitted an estimate to the 
Committee before the filing of the report.

                    Performance Goals and Objectives

    With respect to the requirement of clause 3(c)(4) of rule 
XIII of the Rules of the House of Representatives, the 
performance goals and objectives of this legislation are to 
improve our Nation's infrastructure, reform federal surface 
transportation programs, refocus those programs on addressing 
national priorities, and encourage innovation to make the 
surface transportation system safer and more efficient.

                          Advisory of Earmarks

    Pursuant to clause 9 of rule XXI of the Rules of the House 
of Representatives, the Committee is required to include a list 
of congressional earmarks, limited tax benefits, or limited 
tariff benefits as defined in clause 9(e), 9(f), and 9(g) of 
rule XXI of the Rules of the House of Representatives. No 
provision in the H.R. 3763, as amended, includes an earmark, 
limited tax benefit, or limited tariff benefit under clause 
9(e), 9(f), or 9(g) of rule XXI.

                    Duplication of Federal Programs

    Pursuant to section 3(g) of H. Res. 5, 114th Cong. (2015), 
the Committee finds that no provision of H.R. 3763, as amended, 
establishes or reauthorizes a program of the federal government 
known to be duplicative of another federal program, a program 
that was included in any report from the Government 
Accountability Office to Congress pursuant to section 21 of 
Public Law 111-139, or a program related to a program 
identified in the most recent Catalog of Federal Domestic 
Assistance.

                  Disclosure of Directed Rule Makings

    Pursuant to section 3(i) of H. Res. 5, 114th Cong. (2015), 
the Committee estimates that enacting H.R. 3763 specifically 
directs the completion of specific rule makings within the 
meaning of section 551 of title 5, United States Code. Section 
1313 of the bill requires the Secretary of Transportation to 
carry out a rulemaking to implement section 330 of title 23, 
United States Code. Section 1315 requires the Secretary to 
carry out a rulemaking to implement a provision that expedites 
environmental reviews and permitting. Section 3022 requires the 
Secretary to carry out a rulemaking on transit operator safety. 
Section 5106 requires the Secretary to carry out a rulemaking 
to establish a new allocation formula for Motor Carrier Safety 
Assistance Grants. Section 5202 requires the Secretary to carry 
out rulemakings to update motor carrier regulations that are no 
longer consistent, clear, and uniformly enforced. Section 5203 
requires the Secretary to carry out rulemakings to update 
regulations to incorporate guidance issued by FMCSA. Section 
5302 requires the Secretary to modify regulations concerning 
the mounting of safety equipment on the windshield of a 
commercial motor vehicle. Section 5401 requires the Secretary 
to modify regulations concerning commercial driver's licenses 
for veterans. Section 5502 requires the Secretary, by 
regulation, to establish a process to collect data on delays 
experienced by commercial motor vehicle operators. Section 7007 
requires a rulemaking with regard to those entities that 
conduct third-party classification examinations, if regulatory 
changes are recommended by a GAO study of the matter. Section 
7010 requires the Secretary to carry out a rulemaking to 
require each tank car built to meet DOT-117 or DOT-117R 
specifications include a thermal blanket. Section 7011 requires 
the Secretary to issue regulations to require railroad carriers 
to create oil spill response plans. Finally, section 7012 
requires the Secretary to issue regulations to require railroad 
carriers to provide certain information on the transportation 
of high-hazard flammable materials to SERCs.

                        Preemption Clarification

    Section 423 of the Congressional Budget Act of 1974 
requires the report of any Committee on a bill or joint 
resolution to include a statement on the extent to which the 
bill or joint resolution is intended to preempt state, local, 
or tribal law. The Committee states that H.R. 3763, as amended, 
includes provisions that would preempt state, local, or tribal 
law. Section 5513 prohibits states from enacting laws that 
impose a limitation of less than 80 feet on the length of a 
stinger steered automobile transporter operating on the NHS and 
certain other roads. Generally, state, local, and tribal 
requirements regarding transportation of hazardous materials 
are preempted if complying with those requirements and federal 
hazardous materials rules and regulations is not possible; the 
requirements are an obstacle to complying with other federal 
regulations; or where there are substantive differences in 
certain prescribed areas. However, state and local governments 
and Indian tribes are authorized to apply for waivers of 
preemption. Section 7010 requires that tank cars built to the 
DOT-117 specification include thermal blankets. Section 7011 
requires railroad carriers to develop oil spill response plans 
for the transportation of class 3 flammable liquids, and DOT's 
preemption would apply under section 5125 of title 49, United 
States Code. However, such preemption decisions can be made on 
a case-by-case basis through a waiver request or upon 
determination by the Secretary. Section 7012 requires that 
railroad carriers notify SERCs of the certain information on 
high-hazard flammable trains. Section 7015 requires that all 
tank cars carrying Class 3 flammable liquids be required to 
meet the DOT-117 or DOT-117R tank car specifications.

                      Advisory Committee Statement

    Section 1429 of H.R. 3763, as amended, establishes an 
advisory committee within the meaning of section 5(b) of the 
Federal Advisory Committee Act (FACA) (5 U.S.C. app.). Sections 
5106, 5504, and 5505 of this legislation establish temporary 
working groups that meet the definition of an advisory 
committee under section 3 of the Federal Advisory Committee 
Act. Pursuant to section 5 of the Federal Advisory Committee 
Act, the Committee determines that the functions of the 
advisory committee and the working groups are not being carried 
out by existing agencies or advisory commissions. The Committee 
also determines that the advisory committee and the working 
groups have a clearly defined purpose, fairly balanced 
membership, and meet all of the other requirements of section 
5(b) of the Federal Advisory Committee Act.

                  Applicability of Legislative Branch

    The Committee finds that H.R. 3763, as amended, does not 
relate to the terms and conditions of employment or access to 
public services or accommodations within the meaning of section 
102(b)(3) of the Congressional Accountability Act (Public Law 
104-1).

               Section-by-Section Analysis of Legislation

    TITLE I--FEDERAL-AID HIGHWAYS

                Subtitle A --Authorizations and Programs


Section 1101. Authorization of appropriations

    This section authorizes funds for the Federal-Aid Highway 
Program, Nationally Significant Freight and Highway Projects, 
Transportation Infrastructure Finance and Innovation Program 
(TIFIA), Tribal Transportation Program, Federal Lands 
Transportation Program, Federal Lands Access Program, 
Territorial and Puerto Rico Highway Program, and the 
Disadvantaged Business Enterprise Program through fiscal year 
2021 at levels consistent with the Congressional Budget 
Office's (CBO) baseline projections for the Highway Trust Fund.

Section 1102. Obligation ceiling

    This section provides the obligation limitations for the 
federal-aid highway and highway safety construction programs. 
The section retains MAP-21 provisions governing the 
distribution of obligation authority and the redistribution of 
unused obligation authority.

Section 1103. Definitions

    This section makes conforming changes to definitions 
applicable under title 23, United States Code.

Section 1104. Apportionment

    This section allocates apportioned funds among the National 
Highway Performance Program (NHPP), Surface Transportation 
Block Grant Program (STBGP), Highway Safety Improvement Program 
(HSIP), the Congestion Mitigation and Air Quality Improvement 
Program (CMAQ), and Metropolitan Planning. The section 
generally retains MAP-21's apportionment formulas, but adds to 
each state's base apportionment supplemental funds for NHPP and 
STBGP. The section also provides for the apportionment of funds 
among the states, retaining provisions that ensure that each 
state's combined apportionments are not less than 95 percent of 
the state's estimated tax payments into the Highway Trust Fund 
(other than the Mass Transit Account). Finally, this section 
authorizes appropriations out of the Highway Trust Fund (other 
than the Mass Transit Account) for administrative expenses for 
the FHWA.

Section 1105. National Highway Performance Program

    This section allows states to use NHPP funds to pay the 
subsidy and administrative costs associated with providing 
TIFIA credit assistance. The section also allows NHPP funds to 
be used for bridge projects located off the NHS, but on a 
Federal-aid highway.

Section 1106. Surface Transportation Block Grant Program

    This section converts the Surface Transportation Program to 
a block grant program, the Surface Transportation Block Grant 
Program (STBGP), providing states significant flexibility in 
how these funds may be obligated. The section also phases in an 
increase in the percentage of STBGP funds suballocated based on 
population from 50 percent to 55 percent between fiscal years 
2016 and 2020. This section also folds the Transportation 
Alternatives Program (TAP) into the STBGP program, holds TAP 
funding flat at $819.9 million for fiscal years 2016 through 
2021, and suballocates 50 percent of TAP funding based on 
population and 50 percent to any area of the state. Finally, 
this section allows 50 percent of TAP funds suballocated to 
areas with a population greater than 200,000 to be used for any 
project eligible for funding under STBGP.

Section 1107. Railway-highway grade crossings.

    This section increases the set-aside from the HSIP for 
railway-highway grade crossings to address fatalities and 
hazards at public grade crossings.

Section 1108. Highway Safety Improvement Program

    This section reestablishes a focus on using federal funds 
for roadway safety infrastructure. It also adds eligible 
activities which include: installation of vehicle-to-
infrastructure equipment, pedestrian hybrid beacons, and 
roadway improvements that provide separation between 
pedestrians and motor vehicles. This section removes a 
requirement which required states to collect data on all public 
roads including unpaved and gravel roads. This section modifies 
a special rule for high risk rural roads by stating that if a 
state is above the two-year median fatality rate for rural 
roads among all states, then a state is required to identify 
strategies to address fatality reductions and achieve safety 
improvements on high risk rural roads in their State Strategic 
Highway Safety Plan. Lastly, it includes a provision which 
surveys states to determine best practices in preventing 
roadway crashes that involve commercial motor vehicles.

Section 1109. Congestion Mitigation and Air Quality Improvement Program

    This section adds the installation of vehicle-to-
infrastructure equipment to the list of eligible activities. 
Also, this section gives certain states the flexibility to 
undertake CMAQ or STBGP-eligible projects with CMAQ funds in 
order to help prevent areas within the state from going into 
nonattainment. In addition, it clarifies states shall give 
priority to projects that are proven to reduce direct emissions 
of PM2.5.

Section 1110. National Highway Freight policy

    This section modifies the National Highway Freight Network 
(Network) to consist of: (1) the Interstate System; (2) non-
Interstate highway segments on the comprehensive 41,000-mile 
network developed by the USDOT; and (3) up to an additional 10 
percent of highway mileage in each state as designated by the 
state. The Network will be updated every five years to take 
into account gaps in the Network, needed connections to other 
modes of transportation, and critical emerging freight 
corridors and critical emerging commerce corridors.
    The Committee is aware that the USDOT is considering 
enlarging the 41,000-mile network to approximately 65,000 miles 
of interconnected highways as part of its initiative to develop 
a multimodal freight network. However, the larger network is 
still under internal review and a finalized network has not 
been released to the public.

Section 1111. Nationally significant freight and highway projects

    This section establishes a competitive grant program to 
fund nationally significant: (1) freight projects on the 
Network; (2) highway and bridge projects on the NHS; (3) 
freight rail or freight intermodal projects carried out on the 
National Multimodal Freight Network; and (4) railway-highway 
grade crossing or grade separation projects. For a project in a 
single state, projects will be required to have a project cost 
equal to or exceeding the lesser of $100 million or 30 percent 
of a state's apportioned funds for the most recent fiscal year. 
Multi-state projects will be required to have a project cost 
equal to or exceeding the lesser of $100 million or 50 percent 
of the apportioned funds of the participating state with the 
largest apportionment in the most recent fiscal year. Not more 
than $500 million from fiscal year 2016 through 2021 may be 
used for freight rail or freight intermodal projects and the 
projects need to demonstrate a significant improvement to 
freight movements on the NHS and the federal share of the 
projects may only fund elements of the projects that provide 
public benefits. This limitation will not apply to a grade 
crossing or grade separation project and for a multimodal 
project, will only apply to the non-highway portion of the 
project.
    Not less than 10 percent of the funds made available are 
reserved to make grants of $5,000,000 or more for smaller 
highway freight projects. Not less than 20 percent of the funds 
made available (including funds for smaller highway freight 
projects) are reserved for projects in rural areas. The maximum 
federal share under the program is 50 percent of project costs. 
States may use their apportioned funds to meet the non-federal 
contribution, but total federal funds may not exceed 80 percent 
of project costs. The Secretary may allow grants to be used to 
fund the subsidy and administrative costs of TIFIA credit 
assistance. Finally, the section gives Congress 60 days to 
disapprove of a proposed grant by enacting a joint resolution.
    The new program will provide funding for large-scale 
freight highway projects that are difficult for states to fund 
from their annual apportionments as well as smaller highway 
freight projects. The Committee intends for a wide-range of 
freight projects to be eligible, including the elimination of 
bottlenecks, intermodal connections, and truck-only lanes.

Section 1112. Territorial and Puerto Rico Highway Program

    This section increases the annual authorization for the 
Puerto Rico Highway Program and for the Territorial Highway 
Program.

Section 1113. Federal Lands and Tribal Transportation Program

    This section requires tribes to submit to the Secretary and 
the Secretary of the Interior data on project names, 
descriptions, current status, and estimated number of jobs 
created under the tribal transportation program.

Section 1114. Tribal Transportation Program

    This section reduces the funding for FHWA program 
management and project-related administrative expenses from six 
percent to five percent.

Section 1115. Federal Lands Transportation Program

    This section adds the Bureau of Reclamation and independent 
federal agencies with natural resource and land management 
responsibilities as recipients of funding from the Federal 
Lands Transportation Program.
    MAP-21 eliminated the Transit in the Parks program, 
removing a dedicated stream of funding for public 
transportation in parks. The Committee encourages the National 
Park Service to pay particular attention to the impact of 
vehicle congestion on local roads near national parks, and to 
utilize all available strategies to manage and mitigate 
congestion in such parks.

Section 1116. Tribal Transportation Self-Governance Program

    This section establishes a Tribal Transportation Self-
Governance Program at the USDOT. The Secretary determines 
eligibility after reviewing a tribe's financial stability, 
financial management capacity, and transportation program 
management capability from the three preceding fiscal years. If 
eligible, the Secretary and the tribe are required to negotiate 
and enter into a written compact, which would outline the terms 
of the relationship between the tribe and USDOT. The Secretary 
is required to negotiate and enter into a written annual 
funding agreement with a tribe after entering into a compact. 
The annual funding agreement would allow a tribe to receive and 
administer full formula funding and any competitive grants from 
the USDOT programs that are available to tribes.

Section 1117. Emergency relief

    This section allows debris removal on federal lands to be 
eligible under the Emergency Relief Program.

Section 1118. Highway use tax evasion projects

    This section continues a program to combat highway use tax 
evasion and requires the Internal Revenue Service to submit its 
annual report on its efforts to prevent tax evasion to the 
House Transportation and Infrastructure Committee and the 
Senate Environment and Public Works Committee.

Section 1119. Bundling of bridge projects

    This section allows a state to bundle two or more similar 
bridge projects to save time and reduce costs if the bridge 
projects are eligible under NHPP or STBGP, are included as a 
bundled project in a metropolitan or statewide transportation 
improvement plan (TIP), and are awarded to a single contractor 
or consultant.

Section 1120. Tribal High Priority Projects Program

    This section reauthorizes the Tribal High Priority Projects 
Program.

Section 1121. Construction of ferry boats and ferry terminal facilities

    This section reauthorizes the program for the construction 
of ferry boats and ferry terminal facilities.

            Subtitle B--Planning and Performance Management


Section 1201. Metropolitan transportation planning

    This section adds ``intermodal facilities that support 
intercity transportation, including intercity buses and 
intercity bus facilities'' to the types of transportation 
systems and facilities to be addressed in the plans and TIPs 
developed by metropolitan planning organizations (MPOs). The 
section also clarifies that a representative of a provider of 
public transportation may also serve as a representative of a 
local municipality and will have the same responsibilities, 
voting rights and other authorities as other officials serving 
on the MPO. The section adds tourism and natural disaster risk 
reduction to the types of planning activities affected by 
transportation that MPOs are encouraged to coordinate with 
other officials during the planning process. The section also 
adds improving the resilience and reliability of the 
transportation system to the list of projects and strategies to 
be considered in the planning process. The section adds public 
ports, intercity bus operators, and transit-related groups to 
the list of interested parties to be provided an opportunity to 
comment on the transportation plan. An MPO serving a 
transportation management area may develop a congestion 
management plan that includes projects and strategies that will 
be considered in the TIP.

Section 1202. Statewide and nonmetropolitan transportation planning

    The section makes conforming and technical corrections to 
the statewide and nonmetropolitan planning process under 
section 135 of title 23, United States Code, and makes many of 
the changes made to metropolitan planning under section 1201 to 
statewide planning.

              Subtitle C--Acceleration of Project Delivery


Section 1301. Satisfaction of requirements for certain historic sites

    This section aligns, to the maximum extent practicable, 
Section 4(f) of the 1966 Department of Transportation Act and 
Section 106 of the National Historic Preservation Act processes 
to achieve efficiency in reviews for historic sites while 
continuing to provide important protection for cultural 
resources, including mitigating potential impacts.

Section 1302. Treatment of improvements to rail and transit under 
        preservation requirements

    This section provides that improvements to, or the 
maintenance, rehabilitation, or operation of railroad or rail 
transit lines that are in use or were historically used for the 
transportation of passengers or cargo will not be considered a 
use of a historic site under Section 4(f), with the exception 
of stations, and bridges and tunnels located on railroad lines 
that have been abandoned or transit lines that are not in use.

Section 1303. Clarification of transportation environmental authorities

    This section supports the wide-spread practice of referring 
to two provisions of transportation law (49 USC 303 and 23 USC 
138) by a reference to Section 4(f) of the 1966 Department of 
Transportation Act, which was repealed long ago. The section 
amends sections 303 and 138 to include a reference to clarify 
that these sections may also be referred to as Section 4(f) 
within the transportation law community.

Section 1304. Treatment of certain bridges under preservation 
        requirements

    This section exempts a category of ordinary concrete and 
steel bridges constructed after 1945 from Section 4(f) review.
    In 2012, the Advisory Council on Historic Preservation 
(ACHP) issued a Program Comment with respect to certain common 
bridges and culverts constructed of steel or concrete after 
1945 to relieve all federal agencies from the requirement to 
undertake a case-by-case review of the effects of projects 
under Section 106 of the National Historic Preservation Act. 
FHWA estimates that the action could exempt almost 200,000 
bridges and culverts from individual reviews and save taxpayers 
$78 million over the next 10 years.

Section 1305. Efficient environmental reviews for project 
        decisionmaking

    This section makes a number of changes to accelerate the 
environmental review and permitting process. Specifically, this 
section modifies the definition of ``multimodal project'' to 
include all USDOT modes; clarifies that either the USDOT or a 
USDOT modal administration may be the lead agency for purposes 
of NEPA review; and requires the lead agency to invite other 
federal and non-federal agencies to participate in the NEPA 
process within 45 days after the publication of a Notice of 
Intent to prepare an Environmental Impact Statement (EIS) or 
the initiation of an Environmental Assessment (EA).
    This section also requires, to the maximum extent 
practicable, and consistent with current law, the development 
of a single NEPA document that will be sufficient for any 
federal approval or other federal action required for the 
project by any federal agency. Further, it requires that 
participating agencies limit their comments with respect to the 
range of alternatives to subject matter areas within the 
agency's area of expertise or jurisdiction, and give 
substantial deference to the range of alternatives recommended 
by the lead agency and requires a participating agency that 
declines to participate in the development of the purpose and 
need and range of alternatives to still comply with the 
schedule for completing environmental review required under 
subsection 139(g). It also requires the lead agency to develop 
a project checklist to help sponsors identify potential 
natural, cultural, and historic resources in the area of the 
project.
    Additionally, this section requires the lead agency to 
establish the plan for coordinating public and agency 
participation in the environmental review process within 90 
days after the publication of a notice to prepare an EIS or the 
initiation of an EA; makes the development of a schedule for 
the completion of the environmental process mandatory; modifies 
the process for elevating outstanding issues by making the 
Council on Environmental Quality (CEQ), rather than the 
President, the highest level of referral; and expands, to all 
public entities receiving federal assistance from USDOT, the 
authority to use federal dollars to fund positions at federal, 
state or local agencies that participate in the environmental 
review process. Funds may be used to support activities that 
directly and meaningfully contribute to expediting and 
improving permitting and review processes, including planning, 
approval and consultation processes.

Section 1306. Improving transparency in environmental reviews

    This section requires the Secretary to maintain an online 
platform to report project level status of the reviews, 
approvals, and permits required for compliance with NEPA, or 
any other federal, state, or local approval required for the 
project, including information on projects for which the NEPA 
process has been delegated to a state.

Section 1307. Integration of planning and environmental review

    The section further coordinates the environmental review 
process by strengthening the linkages between transportation 
planning and environmental review. This section changes the 
definition of ``environmental review process ''to refer both to 
NEPA and other required permits and approvals by other federal 
agencies. The modification is consistent with the intent of the 
MAP-21, which allows planning products to be incorporated in 
environmental reviews by other Federal agencies.
    The section eliminates the requirement that a planning 
product must be approved by the state, all local and tribal 
governments, and any relevant MPO. This section also modifies, 
but maintains, the requirement that any planning product 
intended to be later incorporated into the environmental review 
process must first be noticed to the public, made publicly 
available for comment by federal, state, local, and tribal 
governments, and the general public for such purposes, and any 
comments received on such product must be considered by the 
lead agency. A planning product may be incorporated into the 
environmental review process to the extent that it is 
appropriate for adoption and use, and is sufficient to meet the 
requirements of federal law, including NEPA.
    As the USDOT noted in its Notice of Proposed Rulemaking to 
implement this section of MAP-21, the approval requirement is a 
departure from current practice since approval is typically 
reserved for the overall plan and not required for the 
underlying analyses and studies that support the plan. MAP-21 
did not intend to make the former regulatory process more 
difficult or cumbersome, and the proposed change will help 
ensure that planning products can be more easily adopted.
    The section also makes explicit that planning products that 
may be adopted for environmental reviews include the project's 
purpose and need, and the preliminary screening of alternatives 
and elimination of unreasonable alternatives. The modifications 
explicitly references programmatic mitigation plans, the 
development of which was encouraged by MAP-21.

Section 1308. Development of programmatic mitigation plans

    This section requires federal agencies to give substantial 
weight to programmatic mitigation plans developed by states and 
MPOs to address the potential environmental impacts of future 
transportation projects.
    MAP-21 encouraged states and MPOs to develop programmatic 
mitigation plans because such plans may be able to accelerate 
the environmental review process through early identification 
of potential environmental impacts and mitigation 
opportunities. However, MAP-21 made the use of such plans by 
federal agencies discretionary rather than mandatory. Without 
an assurance that the mitigation plans will be considered, 
states and MPOs may be reluctant to devote the time and 
resources to develop the plans.

Section 1309. Delegation of authorities

    This section directs the Secretary to use existing 
authority, to the maximum extent practicable, to delegate 
responsibility to a state for project designs, plans, 
specifications, estimates, contract awards, and inspections, on 
both a project-specific and programmatic basis. Within 18 
months following enactment, the Secretary, in cooperation with 
the states, is directed to submit recommendations for 
legislation needed to permit delegation of additional 
authorities to the states.

Section 1310. Categorical exclusion for projects of limited federal 
        assistance

    This section provides for an inflationary adjustment to the 
categorical exclusion for projects with limited federal 
assistance, and applies the adjustment retroactively.

Section 1311. Application of categorical exclusions for multimodal 
        projects

    This section expands the applicability of categorical 
exclusions to all USDOT projects, rather than only those funded 
under title 23 or chapter 53 of title 49, United States Code. 
The section eliminates the requirement that a multimodal 
project be funded under a single grant agreement in order for a 
lead authority to use the categorical exclusion of another 
agency. The section also strikes the current requirement that 
the component of the multimodal project to be covered by the 
categorical exclusions has independent utility.

Section 1312. Surface transportation project delivery program

    This section clarifies that a state with NEPA assignment 
authority does not require further approval from the Secretary 
to carry out the responsibilities that have been assumed by the 
state pursuant to an agreement with the USDOT.
    The section also amends current audit requirements to 
require annual audits for each of the first four years a state 
has assignment authority, rather than semiannual audits during 
the first two years and annual audits in the third and fourth 
year. Additionally, states are to be consulted about the makeup 
of the audit team.
    None of the amendments made by the section are intended to 
affect the authority of the U.S. Department of Justice related 
to an approved state's implementation of NEPA that existed 
prior to the enactment of this Act.

Section 1313. Program for eliminating duplication of environmental 
        reviews

    This section establishes a pilot program to permit up to 
five states to apply state environmental laws and regulations 
instead of NEPA if USDOT and the Council on Environmental 
Quality (CEQ) determine that such state laws and regulations 
are substantially equivalent to NEPA. This section encourages 
other federal agencies, with authority over a project, to use 
documents produced by a state under the pilot program. A state 
participating in the program will be allowed to exercise its 
authority on behalf of up to 10 local governments. This section 
also requires the Secretary, in consultation with CEQ, to 
review state programs approved under this section, and 
authorizes the extension of this authority for an additional 
five years, or the termination of the authority.

Section 1314. Assessment of progress on accelerating project delivery

    This section requires the GAO to conduct an assessment of 
the progress made by provisions in this bill, MAP-21 and Safe, 
Accountable, Flexible, Efficient Transportation Equity Act: A 
Legacy For Users (SAFETEA-LU) in accelerating the environmental 
review and permitting process; make recommendations for further 
streamlining without negatively impacting the environment; and 
submit a report to the House Transportation and Infrastructure 
Committee and the Senate Environment and Public Works 
Committee.

Section 1315. Improving state and federal agency engagement in 
        environmental reviews

    This section allows public entities that receive federal 
funds from USDOT for any project for a public purpose to use 
federal dollars to fund positions at federal, state or local 
agencies that participate in the environmental review process. 
Funds may be used to support activities that directly and 
meaningfully contribute to expediting and improving permitting 
and review processes, including planning, approval and 
consultation processes.

Section 1316. Accelerated decisionmaking in environmental reviews

    This section amends title 49, United States Code, to 
require, to the maximum extent practicable, that an EIS and 
Record of Decision be developed as a single document unless the 
final EIS makes substantial changes to the proposed action or 
there is significant new information or circumstances relevant 
to environmental concerns that bear on the proposed action or 
impacts of the proposed action. The section also allows an 
operating administration within USDOT to adopt or incorporate 
by reference a draft EIS, EA, or final EIS of another operating 
administration if both operating administrations agree the 
actions being taken are substantially the same, and such 
actions are consistent with the requirements of NEPA.

Section 1317. Aligning federal environmental reviews

    This section requires USDOT, working with the heads of 
other federal agencies involved in the reviewing transportation 
projects, to develop a coordinated and concurrent environmental 
review and permitting process within one year after the date of 
enactment. The section also requires the development of a 
checklist to identify potential natural, cultural, and historic 
sites that may be affected by a proposed project.

                       Subtitle D--Miscellaneous


Section 1401. Tolling; HOV facilities; interstate reconstruction and 
        rehabilitation.

    This section modifies section 129 of title 23, United 
States Code, to more clearly carry out the intent of MAP-21, 
and amends section 166 of title 23, United States Code, to 
specify that any public authority that allows public 
transportation vehicles to use HOV facilities must provide 
equal access for all public transportation vehicles and over-
the-road buses. The section also provides that a public 
authority may designate classes of vehicles that are exempt 
from tolls on HOV lanes, or charge different toll rates for 
different classes of vehicles if equal rates are charged for 
all public transportation vehicles and over-the-road buses. 
Additionally, the section extends the authority of states to 
allow low emission and energy-efficient vehicles to use HOV 
lanes through fiscal year 2021.
    The section amends the Interstate System Reconstruction and 
Rehabilitation Pilot Program to require that a state wishing to 
participate in the pilot program have approved enabling 
legislation necessary for the project to proceed. A state's 
application will now expire three years after the date on which 
the application was provisionally approved if the state has not 
submitted a complete application to USDOT, completed the NEPA 
process, and executed a toll agreement with the Secretary. The 
Secretary may extend an approval for an additional year if the 
state demonstrates progress toward the requirements. States 
that currently have slots reserved under the pilot program will 
have one year to meet this section's new requirements. The 
section also allows the Secretary to approve an application for 
the Interstate System Construction Toll Pilot Program under 
certain circumstances.

Section 1402. Prohibition on the use of funds for automated traffic 
        enforcement

    This section prohibits the use of Federal-aid highway funds 
for automated traffic enforcement

Section 1403. Minimum penalties for repeat offenders for driving while 
        intoxicated or driving under the influence.

    This section clarifies that state drunk driving repeat 
offender laws may include an exception from the requirement to 
install an ignition interlock device on employer-owned 
vehicles.

Section 1404. Highway trust fund transparency and accountability

    This section modifies the information to be included in the 
annual report to Congress on the use of Federal-aid highway 
funds and requires the report to be published semi-annually on 
the USDOT website. Additionally, the provision reinforces the 
requirement for the submission of project-level information by 
directing the Secretary to publish an annual report on its 
website that provides basic project-level information on all 
projects administered by the FHWA, and additional information 
on projects with a construction cost of more than $100 million.
    The Committee is disappointed that the FHWA has made little 
progress since MAP-21's enactment in developing and making 
publicly available project-level information. The Committee 
expects the FHWA to implement these transparency provisions 
expeditiously.

Section 1405. High priority corridors on national highway system

    This section modifies highway priority corridors under 
Section 1105 of the Intermodal Surface Transportation 
Efficiency Act of 1991.

Section 1406. Flexibility for projects

    This section provides that for projects eligible for 
funding under title 23, United States Code, the Secretary, 
following a request by a state, may use existing authorities to 
provide additional flexibility or expedited processing.

Section 1407. Productive and timely expenditure of funds

    This section requires the Secretary to develop guidance 
that encourages the use of programmatic approaches to project 
delivery, expedited and prudent procurement techniques, and 
other best practices to facilitate the timely and productive 
expenditure of funds for projects under title 23, United States 
Code. The Secretary is to ensure the guidance is consistently 
implemented by the states and FHWA.

Section 1408. Consolidation of programs

    This section reauthorizes funding for safety-related 
clearinghouses, including Operation Lifesaver, and funds the 
clearinghouses from a set-aside under HSIP.

Section 1409. Federal share payable

    This section adds ``engineering or design approaches'' to 
the types of innovative project delivery methods that qualify a 
project to receive up to 100 percent federal share.

Section 1410. Elimination or modification of certain reporting 
        requirements

    The section eliminates two obsolete reporting requirements.

Section 1411. Technical corrections

    This section makes technical corrections to title 23, MAP-
21, and SAFETEA-LU.

Section 1412. Safety for users

    This section encourages each state to adopt design 
standards for surface transportation projects that accommodate 
all motorized and non-motorized users. Within two years after 
the date of enactment, the Secretary is required to catalogue 
examples of state laws or transportation policies that provide 
for the accommodation of all users and disseminate examples of 
best practices.

Section 1413. Design standards

    This section modifies what the Secretary must take into 
account when developing design standards for the NHS. It also 
gives a state the discretion to allow a local jurisdiction to 
use a different roadway design publication if certain criteria 
are met.

Section 1414. Reserve fund

    This section clarifies that funds authorized for fiscal 
years 2019 through 2021 are only available if there is a 
subsequent act of Congress. This section also establishes a 
calculation to adjust the spending levels in the bill if 
receipts to the Highway Trust Fund are different from those 
estimated at the time of enactment.

Section 1415. Adjustments

    This section rescinds unobligated balances of contract 
authority.

Section 1416. National electric vehicle charging, hydrogen, and natural 
        gas fueling corridors

    This section requires the Secretary to designate electric 
vehicle charging, hydrogen, and natural gas fueling corridors 
across the Nation to identify the needs and most vital 
locations for such fueling and charging infrastructure. The 
corridors will be updated and redesignated every five years.

Section 1417. Ferries

    This section requires the Secretary to redistribute 
unobligated amounts of funding for the construction of ferry 
boats and ferry terminal facilities following the third fiscal 
year.

Section 1418. Study on performance of bridges

    This section requires the Secretary to commission a study 
on the performance of bridges that are at least 15 years old 
and received funding under the Innovative Bridge Research and 
Construction Program. The study is to be completed within three 
years of the date of enactment.

Section 1419. Relinquishment of park-and-ride lot facilities

    This section allows a state transportation agency to 
transfer park-and-ride lot facilities to a local government 
agency if rights-of-way on the Interstate System remain 
available for future highway improvements and modifications to 
the facilities that could impart the free flow of traffic 
remain subject to the approval of the Secretary.

Section 1420. Pilot program

    This section allows the Secretary to establish a pilo