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114th Congress    }                                     {       Report
                        HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
 1st Session      }                                     {      114-337

======================================================================



 
     SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION REPORTING MODERNIZATION ACT

                                _______
                                

 November 16, 2015.--Committed to the Committee of the Whole House on 
            the State of the Union and ordered to be printed

                                _______
                                

Mr. Hensarling, from the Committee on Financial Services, submitted the 
                               following

                              R E P O R T

                        [To accompany H.R. 3032]

      [Including cost estimate of the Congressional Budget Office]

    The Committee on Financial Services, to whom was referred 
the bill (H.R. 3032) to amend the Securities Exchange Act of 
1934 to repeal a certain reporting requirement of the 
Securities and Exchange Commission, having considered the same, 
report favorably thereon without amendment and recommend that 
the bill do pass.

                          Purpose and Summary

    Introduced by Representative Sinema, H.R. 3032, the 
``Securities and Exchange Commission Reporting Modernization 
Act,'' eliminates a reporting requirement applicable only to 
the Securities and Exchange Commission and previously repealed 
for all other federal agencies.

                  Background and Need for Legislation

    Section 1121(b) of the Right to Financial Privacy Act 
(RFPA) required federal agencies to report the number of times 
they requested that a financial institution provide their 
customer's financial records (1) pursuant to a customer's 
consent, (2) an administrative or judicial subpoena for which 
the RFPA required prior notice to the customer, or (3) pursuant 
to the RFPA's procedures for delaying notice of such records 
request to the customer. When the SEC became subject to the 
RFPA in 1981, Congress added Section 21(h) to the Securities 
Exchange Act of 1934. Section 21(h)(6) requires the SEC to 
report annually on requests under the RFPA as well as the 
number of times the agency sought judicial orders delaying 
customer notice of its investigative subpoenas under Section 
21(h) of the Securities Exchange Act.
    In 1995, the Federal Reports Elimination and Sunset Act 
repealed Section 1121 of the RFPA in its entirety. However, the 
corresponding report provision of Section 21(h)(6) of the 
Securities Exchange Act was left intact. As a result, while all 
other agencies previously subject to the reporting requirement 
have ceased making RFPA reports, the SEC is now the only 
federal agency that has continued to compile and publish these 
reports.
    By letter, SEC Chair Mary Jo White has requested that the 
Financial Services Committee seek the repeal of the RFPA 
reporting requirement. Chair White's request is supported by 
all five SEC Commissioners.

                                Hearings

    The Committee on Financial Services held no hearings on 
H.R. 3032 in the 114th Congress.

                        Committee Consideration

    The Committee on Financial Services met in open session on 
July 28, 2015 and July 29, 2015, and ordered H.R. 3032 to be 
reported favorably to the House without amendment by a recorded 
vote of 58 yeas to 0 nays (Record vote no. FC-52), a quorum 
being present.

                            Committee Votes

    Clause 3(b) of rule XIII of the Rules of the House of 
Representatives requires the Committee to list the record votes 
on the motion to report legislation and amendments thereto. The 
sole vote in committee was a motion by Chairman Hensarling to 
report the bill favorably to the House without amendment. The 
motion was agreed to by a recorded vote of 58 yeas to 0 nays 
(Record vote no. FC-52), a quorum being present.

[GRAPHIC(S) NOT AVAILABLE IN TIFF FORMAT]

                      Committee Oversight Findings

    Pursuant to clause 3(c)(1) of rule XIII of the Rules of the 
House of Representatives, the findings and recommendations of 
the committee based on oversight activities under clause 
2(b)(1) of rule X of the Rules of the House of Representatives, 
are incorporated in the descriptive portions of this report.

                    Performance Goals and Objectives

    Pursuant to clause 3(c)(4) of rule XIII of the Rules of the 
House of Representatives, the Committee states that H.R. 3032 
will eliminate a reporting requirement that is no longer 
necessary and has been repealed for all other federal agencies 
in order to ensure that the SEC may more efficiently direct 
resources toward fulfilling its mission of protecting 
investors, maintaining fair, orderly, and efficient markets, 
and facilitating capital formation.

   New Budget Authority, Entitlement Authority, and Tax Expenditures

    In compliance with clause 3(c)(2) of rule XIII of the Rules 
of the House of Representatives, the Committee adopts as its 
own the estimate of new budget authority, entitlement 
authority, or tax expenditures or revenues contained in the 
cost estimate prepared by the Director of the Congressional 
Budget Office pursuant to section 402 of the Congressional 
Budget Act of 1974.

                        Committee Cost Estimate

    The Committee adopts as its own the cost estimate prepared 
by the Director of the Congressional Budget Office pursuant to 
section 402 of the Congressional Budget Act of 1974.

                 Congressional Budget Office Estimates

    Pursuant to clause 3(c)(3) of rule XIII of the Rules of the 
House of Representatives, the following is the cost estimate 
provided by the Congressional Budget Office pursuant to section 
402 of the Congressional Budget Act of 1974:

                                     U.S. Congress,
                               Congressional Budget Office,
                                   Washington, DC, August 20, 2015.
Hon. Jeb Hensarling,
Chairman, Committee on Financial Services,
House of Representatives, Washington, DC.
    Dear Mr. Chairman: The Congressional Budget Office has 
prepared the enclosed cost estimate for H.R. 3032, the 
Securities and Exchange Commission Reporting Modernization Act.
    If you wish further details on this estimate, we will be 
pleased to provide them. The CBO staff contact is Susan Willie.
            Sincerely,
                                                        Keith Hall.
    Enclosure.

H.R. 3032--Securities and Exchange Commission Reporting Modernization 
        Act

    H.R. 3032 would repeal a requirement that the Securities 
and Exchange Commission (SEC) include in its annual report to 
the Congress a list of each instance when the agency used 
certain provisions of law to obtain access to the financial 
records of a customer of a financial institution.
    Based on information from the SEC, CBO expects that 
repealing the reporting requirement under H.R. 3032 would not 
significantly change the workload of the agency. CBO estimates 
that implementing the bill would not have a significant effect 
on the agency's discretionary costs. Under current law, the SEC 
is authorized to collect fees to offset its annual 
appropriation; therefore, assuming appropriation action 
consistent with that authority, CBO estimates that implementing 
the bill would have a negligible effect on net discretionary 
spending. Enacting H.R. 3032 would not affect direct spending 
or revenues; therefore, pay-as-you-go procedures do not apply.
    H.R. 3032 contains no intergovernmental or private-sector 
mandates as defined in the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act and 
would not affect the budgets of state, local, or tribal 
governments.
    The CBO staff contact for this estimate is Susan Willie. 
The estimate was approved by H. Samuel Papenfuss, Deputy 
Assistant Director for Budget Analysis.

                       Federal Mandates Statement

    The Committee adopts as its own the estimate of Federal 
mandates prepared by the Director of the Congressional Budget 
Office pursuant to section 423 of the Unfunded Mandates Reform 
Act.

                      Advisory Committee Statement

    No advisory committees within the meaning of section 5(b) 
of the Federal Advisory Committee Act were created by this 
legislation.

                  Applicability to Legislative Branch

    The Committee finds that the legislation does not relate to 
the terms and conditions of employment or access to public 
services or accommodations within the meaning of the section 
102(b)(3) of the Congressional Accountability Act.

                         Earmark Identification

    H.R. 3032 does not contain any congressional earmarks, 
limited tax benefits, or limited tariff benefits as defined in 
clause 9 of rule XXI.

                    Duplication of Federal Programs

    Pursuant to section 3(g) of H. Res. 5, 114th Cong. (2015), 
the Committee states that no provision of H.R. 3032 establishes 
or reauthorizes a program of the Federal Government known to be 
duplicative of another Federal program, a program that was 
included in any report from the Government Accountability 
Office to Congress pursuant to section 21 of Public Law 111-
139, or a program related to a program identified in the most 
recent Catalog of Federal Domestic Assistance.

                   Disclosure of Directed Rulemaking

    Pursuant to section 3(k) of H. Res. 5, 114th Cong. (2015), 
the Committee states that H.R. 3032 contains no directed 
rulemaking.

             Section-by-Section Analysis of the Legislation


Section 1. Short title

    This section: cites H.R. 3032 as the ``Securities and 
Exchange Commission Reporting Modernization Act.''

Section 2. Elimination of reporting requirement

    This section eliminates the reporting requirement contained 
in Section 21(h) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934.

         Changes in Existing Law Made by the Bill, as Reported

  In compliance with clause 3(e) of rule XIII of the Rules of 
the House of Representatives, changes in existing law made by 
the bill, as reported, are shown as follows (existing law 
proposed to be omitted is enclosed in black brackets and 
existing law in which no change is proposed is shown in roman):

                    SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

TITLE I--REGULATION OF SECURITIES EXCHANGES

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


        investigations; injunctions and prosecution of offenses

  Sec. 21. (a)(1) The Commission may, in its discretion, make 
such investigations as it deems necessary to determine whether 
any person has violated, is violating, or is about to violate 
any provision of this title, the rules or regulations 
thereunder, the rules of a national securities exchange or 
registered securities association of which such person is a 
member or a person associated, or, as to any act or practice, 
or omission to act, while associated with a member, formerly 
associated with a member, the rules of a registered clearing 
agency in which such person is a participant, or, as to any act 
or practice, or omission to act, while a participant, was a 
participant, the rules of the Public Company Accounting 
Oversight Board, of which such person is a registered public 
accounting firm, a person associated with such a firm, or, as 
to any act, practice, or omission to act, while associated with 
such firm, a person formerly associated with such a firm, or 
the rules of the Municipal Securities Rulemaking Board, and may 
require or permit any person to file with it a statement in 
writing, under oath or otherwise as the Commission shall 
determine, as to all the facts and circumstances concerning the 
matter to be investigated. The Commission is authorized in its 
discretion, to publish information concerning any such 
violations, and to investigate any facts, conditions, 
practices, or matters which it may deem necessary or proper to 
aid in the enforcement of such provisions, in the prescribing 
of rules and regulations under this title, or in securing 
information to serve as a basis for recommending further 
legislation concerning the matters to which this title relates.
  (2) On request from a foreign securities authority, the 
Commission may provide assistance in accordance with this 
paragraph if the requesting authority states that the 
requesting authority is conducting an investigation which it 
deems necessary to determine whether any person has violated, 
is violating, or is about to violate any laws or rules relating 
to securities matters that the requesting authority administers 
or enforces. The Commission may, in its discretion, conduct 
such investigation as the Commission deems necessary to collect 
information and evidence pertinent to the request for 
assistance. Such assistance may be provided without regard to 
whether the facts stated in the request would also constitute a 
violation of the laws of the United States. In deciding whether 
to provide such assistance, the Commission shall consider 
whether (A) the requesting authority has agreed to provide 
reciprocal assistance in securities matters to the Commission; 
and (B) compliance with the request would prejudice the public 
interest of the United States.
  (b) For the purpose of any such investigation, or any other 
proceeding under this title, any member of the Commission or 
any officer designated by it is empowered to administer oaths 
and affirmations, subpoena witnesses, compel their attendance, 
take evidence, and require the production of any books, papers, 
correspondence, memoranda, or other records which the 
Commission deems relevant or material to the inquiry. Such 
attendance of witnesses and the production of any such records 
may be required from any place in the United States or any 
State at any designated place of hearing.
  (c) In case of contumacy by, or refusal to obey a subpoena 
issued to, any person, the Commission may invoke the aid of any 
court of the United States within the jurisdiction of which 
such investigation or proceeding is carried on, or where such 
person resides or carries on business, in requiring the 
attendance and testimony of witnesses and the production of 
books, papers, correspondence, memoranda, and other records. 
And such court may issue an order requiring such person to 
appear before the Commission or member or officer designated by 
the Commission, there to produce records, if so ordered, or to 
give testimony touching the matter under investigation or in 
question; and any failure to obey such order of the court may 
be punished by such court as a contempt thereof. All process in 
any such case may be served in the judicial district whereof 
such person is an inhabitant or wherever he may be found. Any 
person who shall, without just cause, fail or refuse to attend 
and testify or to answer any lawful inquiry or to produce 
books, papers, correspondence, memoranda, and other records, if 
in his power so to do, in obedience to the subpoena of the 
Commission, shall be guilty of a misdemeanor and, upon 
conviction, shall be subject to a fine of not more than $1,000 
or to imprisonment for a term of not more than one year, or 
both.
  (d)(1) Whenever it shall appear to the Commission that any 
person is engaged or is about to engage in acts or practices 
constituting a violation of any provision of this title, the 
rules or regulations thereunder, the rules of a national 
securities exchange or registered securities association of 
which such person is a member or a person associated with a 
member, the rules of a registered clearing agency in which such 
person is a participant, the rules of the Public Company 
Accounting Oversight Board, of which such person is a 
registered public accounting firm or a person associated with 
such a firm, or the rules of the Municipal Securities 
Rulemaking Board, it may in its discretion bring an action in 
the proper district court of the United States, the United 
States District Court for the District of Columbia, or the 
United States courts of any territory or other place subject to 
the jurisdiction of the United States, to enjoin such acts or 
practices, and upon a proper showing a permanent or temporary 
injunction or restraining order shall be granted without bond. 
The Commission may transmit such evidence as may be available 
concerning such acts or practices as may constitute a violation 
of any provision of this title or the rules or regulations 
thereunder to the Attorney General, who may, in his discretion, 
institute the necessary criminal proceedings under this title.
  (2) Authority of a Court To Prohibit Persons From Serving as 
Officers and Directors.--In any proceeding under paragraph (1) 
of this subsection, the court may prohibit, conditionally or 
unconditionally, and permanently or for such period of time as 
it shall determine, any person who violated section 10(b) of 
this title or the rules or regulations thereunder from acting 
as an officer or director of any issuer that has a class of 
securities registered pursuant to section 12 of this title or 
that is required to file reports pursuant to section 15(d) of 
this title if the person's conduct demonstrates unfitness to 
serve as an officer or director of any such issuer.
  (3) Money Penalties in Civil Actions.--
          (A) Authority of commission.--Whenever it shall 
        appear to the Commission that any person has violated 
        any provision of this title, the rules or regulations 
        thereunder, or a cease-and-desist order entered by the 
        Commission pursuant to section 21C of this title, other 
        than by committing a violation subject to a penalty 
        pursuant to section 21A, the Commission may bring an 
        action in a United States district court to seek, and 
        the court shall have jurisdiction to impose, upon a 
        proper showing, a civil penalty to be paid by the 
        person who committed such violation.
          (B) Amount of penalty.--
                  (i) First tier.--The amount of the penalty 
                shall be determined by the court in light of 
                the facts and circumstances. For each 
                violation, the amount of the penalty shall not 
                exceed the greater of (I) $5,000 for a natural 
                person or $50,000 for any other person, or (II) 
                the gross amount of pecuniary gain to such 
                defendant as a result of the violation.
                  (ii) Second tier.--Notwithstanding clause 
                (i), the amount of penalty for each such 
                violation shall not exceed the greater of (I) 
                $50,000 for a natural person or $250,000 for 
                any other person, or (II) the gross amount of 
                pecuniary gain to such defendant as a result of 
                the violation, if the violation described in 
                subparagraph (A) involved fraud, deceit, 
                manipulation, or deliberate or reckless 
                disregard of a regulatory requirement.
                  (iii) Third tier.--Notwithstanding clauses 
                (i) and (ii), the amount of penalty for each 
                such violation shall not exceed the greater of 
                (I) $100,000 for a natural person or $500,000 
                for any other person, or (II) the gross amount 
                of pecuniary gain to such defendant as a result 
                of the violation, if--
                          (aa) the violation described in 
                        subparagraph (A) involved fraud, 
                        deceit, manipulation, or deliberate or 
                        reckless disregard of a regulatory 
                        requirement; and
                          (bb) such violation directly or 
                        indirectly resulted in substantial 
                        losses or created a significant risk of 
                        substantial losses to other persons.
          (C) Procedures for collection.--
                  (i) Payment of penalty to treasury.--A 
                penalty imposed under this section shall be 
                payable into the Treasury of the United States, 
                except as otherwise provided in section 308 of 
                the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 and section 21F 
                of this title.
                  (ii) Collection of penalties.--If a person 
                upon whom such a penalty is imposed shall fail 
                to pay such penalty within the time prescribed 
                in the court's order, the Commission may refer 
                the matter to the Attorney General who shall 
                recover such penalty by action in the 
                appropriate United States district court.
                  (iii) Remedy not exclusive.--The actions 
                authorized by this paragraph may be brought in 
                addition to any other action that the 
                Commission or the Attorney General is entitled 
                to bring.
                  (iv) Jurisdiction and venue.--For purposes of 
                section 27 of this title, actions under this 
                paragraph shall be actions to enforce a 
                liability or a duty created by this title.
          (D) Special provisions relating to a violation of a 
        cease-and-desist order.--In an action to enforce a 
        cease-and-desist order entered by the Commission 
        pursuant to section 21C, each separate violation of 
        such order shall be a separate offense, except that in 
        the case of a violation through a continuing failure to 
        comply with the order, each day of the failure to 
        comply shall be deemed a separate offense.
          (4) Prohibition of attorneys' fees paid from 
        commission disgorgement funds.--Except as otherwise 
        ordered by the court upon motion by the Commission, or, 
        in the case of an administrative action, as otherwise 
        ordered by the Commission, funds disgorged as the 
        result of an action brought by the Commission in 
        Federal court, or as a result of any Commission 
        administrative action, shall not be distributed as 
        payment for attorneys' fees or expenses incurred by 
        private parties seeking distribution of the disgorged 
        funds.
  (5) Equitable Relief.--In any action or proceeding brought or 
instituted by the Commission under any provision of the 
securities laws, the Commission may seek, and any Federal court 
may grant, any equitable relief that may be appropriate or 
necessary for the benefit of investors.
  (6) Authority of a court to prohibit persons from 
participating in an offering of penny stock.--
          (A) In general.--In any proceeding under paragraph 
        (1) against any person participating in, or, at the 
        time of the alleged misconduct who was participating 
        in, an offering of penny stock, the court may prohibit 
        that person from participating in an offering of penny 
        stock, conditionally or unconditionally, and 
        permanently or for such period of time as the court 
        shall determine.
          (B) Definition.--For purposes of this paragraph, the 
        term ``person participating in an offering of penny 
        stock'' includes any person engaging in activities with 
        a broker, dealer, or issuer for purposes of issuing, 
        trading, or inducing or attempting to induce the 
        purchase or sale of, any penny stock. The Commission 
        may, by rule or regulation, define such term to include 
        other activities, and may, by rule, regulation, or 
        order, exempt any person or class of persons, in whole 
        or in part, conditionally or unconditionally, from 
        inclusion in such term.
  (e) Upon application of the Commission the district courts of 
the United States and the United States courts of any territory 
or other place subject to the jurisdiction of the United States 
shall have jurisdiction to issue writs of mandamus, 
injunctions, and orders commanding (1) any person to comply 
with the provisions of this title, the rules, regulations, and 
orders thereunder, the rules of a national securities exchange 
or registered securities association of which such person is a 
member or person associated with a member, the rules of a 
registered clearing agency in which such person is a 
participant, the rules of the Public Company Accounting 
Oversight Board, of which such person is a registered public 
accounting firm or a person associated with such a firm, the 
rules of the Municipal Securities Rulemaking Board, or any 
undertaking contained in a registration statement as provided 
in subsection (d) of section 15 of this title, (2) any national 
securities exchange or registered securities association to 
enforce compliance by its members and persons associated with 
its members with the provisions of this title, the rules, 
regulations, and orders thereunder, and the rules of such 
exchange or association, or (3) any registered clearing agency 
to enforce compliance by its participants with the provisions 
of the rules of such clearing agency.
  (f) Notwithstanding any other provision of this title, the 
Commission shall not bring any action pursuant to subsection 
(d) or (e) of this section against any person for violation of, 
or to command compliance with, the rules of a self-regulatory 
organization or the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board 
unless it appears to the Commission that (1) such self-
regulatory organization or the Public Company Accounting 
Oversight Board is unable or unwilling to take appropriate 
action against such person in the public interest and for the 
protection of investors, or (2) such action is otherwise 
necessary or appropriate in the public interest or for the 
protection of investors.
  (g) Notwithstanding the provisions of section 1407(a) of 
title 28, United States Code, or any other provision of law, no 
action for equitable relief instituted by the Commission 
pursuant to the securities laws shall be consolidated or 
coordinated with other actions not brought by the Commission, 
even though such other actions may involve common questions of 
fact, unless such consolidation is consented to by the 
Commission.
  (h)(1) The Right to Financial Privacy Act of 1978 shall apply 
with respect to the Commission, except as otherwise provided in 
this subsection.
  (2) Notwithstanding section 1105 or 1107 of the Right to 
Financial Privacy Act of 1978, the Commission may have access 
to and obtain copies of, or the information contained in 
financial records of a customer from a financial institution 
without prior notice to the customer upon an ex parte showing 
to an appropriate United States district court that the 
Commission seeks such financial records pursuant to a subpoena 
issued in conformity with the requirements of section 19(b) of 
the Securities Act of 1933, section 21(b) of the Securities 
Exchange Act of 1934, section 42(b) of the Investment Company 
Act of 1940, or section 209(b) of the Investment Advisers Act 
of 1940, and that the Commission has reason to believe that--
          (A) delay in obtaining access to such financial 
        records, or the required notice, will result in--
                  (i) flight from prosecution;
                  (ii) destruction of or tampering with 
                evidence;
                  (iii) transfer of assets or records outside 
                the territorial limits of the United States;
                  (iv) improper conversion of investor assets; 
                or
                  (v) impeding the ability of the Commission to 
                identify or trace the source or disposition of 
                funds involved in any securities transaction;
          (B) such financial records are necessary to identify 
        or trace the record or beneficial ownership interest in 
        any security;
          (C) the acts, practices or course of conduct under 
        investigation involve--
                  (i) the dissemination of materially false or 
                misleading information concerning any security, 
                issuer, or market, or the failure to make 
                disclosures required under the securities laws, 
                which remain uncorrected; or
                  (ii) a financial loss to investors or other 
                persons protected under the securities laws 
                which remains substantially uncompensated; or
          (D) the acts, practices or course of conduct under 
        investigation--
                  (i) involve significant financial speculation 
                in securities; or
                  (ii) endanger the stability of any financial 
                or investment intermediary.
  (3) Any application under paragraph (2) for a delay in notice 
shall be made with reasonable specificity.
  (4)(A) Upon a showing described in paragraph (2), the 
presiding judge or magistrate shall enter an ex parte order 
granting the requested delay for a period not to exceed ninety 
days and an order prohibiting the financial institution 
involved from disclosing that records have been obtained or 
that a request for records has been made.
  (B) Extensions of the period of delay of notice provided in 
subparagraph (A) of up to ninety days each may be granted by 
the court upon application, but only in accordance with this 
subsection or section 1109(a), (b)(1), or (b)(2) of the Right 
to Financial Privacy Act of 1978.
  (C) Upon expiration of the period of delay of notification 
ordered under subparagraph (A) or (B), the customer shall be 
served with or mailed a copy of the subpena insofar as it 
applies to the customer together with the following notice 
which shall describe with reasonable specificity the nature of 
the investigation for which the Commission sought the financial 
records:``Records or information concerning your transactions 
which are held by the financial institution named in the 
attached subpena were supplied to the Securities and Exchange 
Commission on (date). Notification was withheld pursuant to a 
determination by the (title of court so ordering) under section 
21(h) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 that (state 
reason). The purpose of the investigation or official 
proceeding was (state purpose).''
  (5) Upon application by the Commission, all proceedings 
pursuant to paragraphs (2) and (4) shall be held in camera and 
the records thereof sealed until expiration of the period of 
delay or such other date as the presiding judge or magistrate 
may permit.
  [(6) The Commission shall compile an annual tabulation of the 
occasions on which the Commission used each separate 
subparagraph or clause of paragraph (2) of this subsection or 
the provisions of the Right to Financial Privacy Act of 1978 to 
obtain access to financial records of a customer and include it 
in its annual report to the Congress. Section 1121(b) of the 
Right to Financial Privacy Act of 1978 shall not apply with 
respect to the Commission.]
  (7)(A) Following the expiration of the period of delay of 
notification ordered by the court pursuant to paragraph (4) of 
this subsection, the customer may, upon motion, reopen the 
proceeding in the district court which issued the order. If the 
presiding judge or magistrate finds that the movant is the 
customer to whom the records obtained by the Commission 
pertain, and that the Commission has obtained financial records 
or information contained therein in violation of this 
subsection, other than paragraph (1), it may order that the 
customer be granted civil penalties against the Commission in 
an amount equal to the sum of--
          (i) $100 without regard to the volume of records 
        involved;
          (ii) any out-of-pocket damages sustained by the 
        customer as a direct result of the disclosure; and
          (iii) if the violation is found to have been willful, 
        intentional, and without good faith, such punitive 
        damages as the court may allow, together with the costs 
        of the action and reasonable attorney's fees as 
        determined by the court.
  (B) Upon a finding that the Commission has obtained financial 
records or information contained therein in violation of this 
subsection, other than paragraph (1), the court, in its 
discretion, may also or in the alternative issue injunctive 
relief to require the Commission to comply with this subsection 
with respect to any subpena which the Commission issues in the 
future for financial records of such customer for purposes of 
the same investigation.
  (C) Whenever the court determines that the Commission has 
failed to comply with this subsection, other than paragraph 
(1), and the court finds that the circumstances raise questions 
of whether an officer or employee of the Commission acted in a 
willful and intentional manner and without good faith with 
respect to the violation, the Office of Personnel Management 
shall promptly initiate a proceeding to determine whether 
disciplinary action is warranted against the agent or employee 
who was primarily responsible for the violation. After 
investigating and considering the evidence submitted, the 
Office of Personnel Management shall submit its findings and 
recommendations to the Commission and shall send copies of the 
findings and recommendations to the officer or employee or his 
representative. The Commission shall take the corrective action 
that the Office of Personnel Management recommends.
  (8) The relief described in paragraphs (7) and (10) shall be 
the only remedies or sanctions available to a customer for a 
violation of this subsection, other than paragraph (1), and 
nothing herein or in the Right to Financial Privacy Act of 1978 
shall be deemed to prohibit the use in any investigation or 
proceeding of financial records, or the information contained 
therein, obtained by a subpena issued by the Commission. In the 
case of an unsuccessful action under paragraph (7), the court 
shall award the costs of the action and attorney's fees to the 
Commission if the presiding judge or magistrate finds that the 
customer's claims were made in bad faith.
  (9)(A) The Commission may transfer financial records or the 
information contained therein to any government authority if 
the Commission proceeds as a transferring agency in accordance 
with section 1112 of the Right to Financial Privacy Act of 
1978, except that the customer notice required under section 
1112(b) or (c) of such Act may be delayed upon a showing by the 
Commission, in accordance with the procedure set forth in 
paragraphs (4) and (5), that one or more of subparagraphs (A) 
through (D) of paragraph (2) apply.
  (B) The Commission may, without notice to the customer 
pursuant to section 1112 of the Right to Financial Privacy Act 
of 1978, transfer financial records or the information 
contained therein to a State securities agency or to the 
Department of Justice. Financial records or information 
transferred by the Commission to the Department of Justice or 
to a State securities agency pursuant to the provisions of this 
subparagraph may be disclosed or used only in an 
administrative, civil, or criminal action or investigation by 
the Department of Justice or the State securities agency which 
arises out of or relates to the acts, practices, or courses of 
conduct investigated by the Commission, except that if the 
Department of Justice or the State securities agency determines 
that the information should be disclosed or used for any other 
purpose, it may do so if it notifies the customer, except as 
otherwise provided in the Right to Financial Privacy Act of 
1978, within 30 days of its determination, or complies with the 
requirements of section 1109 of such Act regarding delay of 
notice.
  (10) Any government authority violating paragraph (9) shall 
be subject to the procedures and penalties applicable to the 
Commission under paragraph (7)(A) with respect to a violation 
by the Commission in obtaining financial records.
  (11) Notwithstanding the provisions of this subsection, the 
Commission may obtain financial records from a financial 
institution or transfer such records in accordance with 
provisions of the Right to Financial Privacy Act of 1978.
  (12) Nothing in this subsection shall enlarge or restrict any 
rights of a financial institution to challenge requests for 
records made by the Commission under existing law. Nothing in 
this subsection shall entitle a customer to assert any rights 
of a financial institution.
  (13) Unless the context otherwise requires, all terms defined 
in the Right to Financial Privacy Act of 1978 which are common 
to this subsection shall have the same meaning as in such Act.
  (i) Information to CFTC.--The Commission shall provide the 
Commodity Futures Trading Commission with notice of the 
commencement of any proceeding and a copy of any order entered 
by the Commission against any broker or dealer registered 
pursuant to section 15(b)(11), any exchange registered pursuant 
to section 6(g), or any national securities association 
registered pursuant to section 15A(k).

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