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114th Congress   }                                     {        Report
                        HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
 1st Session     }                                     {       114-354

======================================================================



 
                       EVERY STUDENT SUCCEEDS ACT

                                _______
                                

               November 30, 2015.--Ordered to be printed

                                _______
                                

  Mr. Kline, from the Committee on Conference, submitted the following

                           CONFERENCE REPORT

                         [To accompany S. 1177]

      The committee of conference on the disagreeing votes of 
the two Houses on the amendment of the House to the bill (S. 
1177), to reauthorize the Elementary and Secondary Education 
Act of 1965 to ensure that every child achieves, having met, 
after full and free conference, have agreed to recommend and do 
recommend to their respective Houses as follows:
      That the Senate recede from its disagreement to the 
amendment of the House and agree to the same with an amendment 
as follows:
      In lieu of the matter proposed to be inserted by the 
House amendment, insert the following:

SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.

    This Act may be cited as the ``Every Student Succeeds 
Act''.

SEC. 2. TABLE OF CONTENTS.

    The table of contents for this Act is as follows:

Sec. 1. Short title.
Sec. 2. Table of contents.
Sec. 3. References.
Sec. 4. Transition.
Sec. 5. Effective dates.
Sec. 6. Table of contents of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act 
          of 1965.

     TITLE I--IMPROVING BASIC PROGRAMS OPERATED BY STATE AND LOCAL 
                          EDUCATIONAL AGENCIES

Part A--Improving Basic Programs Operated by State and Local Educational 
                                Agencies

Sec. 1000. Redesignations.
Sec. 1001. Statement of purpose.
Sec. 1002.  Authorization of appropriations.
Sec. 1003. School improvement.
Sec. 1004. Direct student services.
Sec. 1005. State plans.
Sec. 1006. Local educational agency plans.
Sec. 1007. Eligible school attendance areas.
Sec. 1008. Schoolwide programs.
Sec. 1009. Targeted assistance schools.
Sec. 1010. Parent and family engagement.
Sec. 1011. Participation of children enrolled in private schools.
Sec. 1012. Supplement, not supplant.
Sec. 1013. Coordination requirements.
Sec. 1014. Grants for the outlying areas and the Secretary of the 
          Interior.
Sec. 1015. Allocations to States.
Sec. 1016. Adequacy of funding rule.
Sec. 1017. Education finance incentive grant program.

                     Part B--State Assessment Grants

Sec. 1201. State assessment grants.

                 Part C--Education of Migratory Children

Sec. 1301. Education of migratory children.

Part D--Prevention and Intervention Programs for Children and Youth Who 
                  Are Neglected, Delinquent, or At-risk

Sec. 1401. Prevention and intervention programs for children and youth 
          who are neglected, delinquent, or at-risk.

           Part E--Flexibility for Equitable Per-pupil Funding

Sec. 1501. Flexibility for equitable per-pupil funding.

                       Part F--General Provisions

Sec. 1601. General provisions.

  TITLE II--PREPARING, TRAINING, AND RECRUITING HIGH-QUALITY TEACHERS, 
                   PRINCIPALS, OR OTHER SCHOOL LEADERS

Sec. 2001. General provisions.
Sec. 2002. Preparing, training, and recruiting high-quality teachers, 
          principals, or other school leaders.

   TITLE III--LANGUAGE INSTRUCTION FOR ENGLISH LEARNERS AND IMMIGRANT 
                                STUDENTS

Sec. 3001. Redesignation of certain provisions.
Sec. 3002. Authorization of appropriations.
Sec. 3003. English language acquisition, language enhancement, and 
          academic achievement.
Sec. 3004. General provisions.

                     TITLE IV--21ST CENTURY SCHOOLS

Sec. 4001. Redesignations and transfers.
Sec. 4002. General provisions.

         Part A--Student Support and Academic Enrichment Grants

Sec. 4101. Student support and academic enrichment grants.

             Part B--21st Century Community Learning Centers

Sec. 4201. 21st century community learning centers.

      Part C--Expanding Opportunity Through Quality Charter Schools

Sec. 4301. Charter schools.

                    Part D--Magnet Schools Assistance

Sec. 4401. Magnet schools assistance.

             Part E--Family Engagement in Education Programs

Sec. 4501. Family Engagement in Education Programs.

                       Part F--National Activities

Sec. 4601. National activities.

             TITLE V--STATE INNOVATION AND LOCAL FLEXIBILITY

Sec. 5001. General provisions.
Sec. 5002. Funding Transferability for State and Local Educational 
          Agencies.
Sec. 5003. Rural education initiative.
Sec. 5004. General provisions.
Sec. 5005. Review relating to rural local educational agencies.

     TITLE VI--INDIAN, NATIVE HAWAIIAN, AND ALASKA NATIVE EDUCATION

Sec. 6001. Conforming amendments.
Sec. 6002. Indian education.
Sec. 6003. Native Hawaiian education.
Sec. 6004. Alaska Native education.
Sec. 6005. Report on Native American language medium education.
Sec. 6006. Report on responses to Indian student suicides.

                          TITLE VII--IMPACT AID

Sec. 7001. General provisions.
Sec. 7002. Purpose.
Sec. 7003. Payments relating to federal acquisition of real property.
Sec. 7004. Payments for eligible federally connected children.
Sec. 7005. Policies and procedures relating to children residing on 
          Indian lands.
Sec. 7006. Application for payments under sections 7002 and 7003.
Sec. 7007. Construction.
Sec. 7008. Facilities.
Sec. 7009. State consideration of payments in providing state aid.
Sec. 7010. Federal administration.
Sec. 7011. Administrative hearings and judicial review.
Sec. 7012. Definitions.
Sec. 7013. Authorization of appropriations.

                     TITLE VIII--GENERAL PROVISIONS

Sec. 8001. General provisions.
Sec. 8002. Definitions.
Sec. 8003. Applicability of title.
Sec. 8004. Applicability to Bureau of Indian Education operated schools.
Sec. 8005. Consolidation of State administrative funds for elementary 
          and secondary education programs.
Sec. 8006. Consolidation of funds for local administration.
Sec. 8007. Consolidated set-aside for Department of the Interior funds.
Sec. 8008. Department staff.
Sec. 8009. Optional consolidated State plans or applications.
Sec. 8010. General applicability of State educational agency assurances.
Sec. 8011. Rural consolidated plan.
Sec. 8012. Other general assurances.
Sec. 8013. Waivers of statutory and regulatory requirements.
Sec. 8014. Approval and disapproval of State plans and local 
          applications.
Sec. 8015. Participation by private school children and teachers.
Sec. 8016. Standards for by-pass.
Sec. 8017. Complaint process for participation of private school 
          children.
Sec. 8018. By-pass determination process.
Sec. 8019. Maintenance of effort.
Sec. 8020. Prohibition regarding state aid.
Sec. 8021. School prayer.
Sec. 8022. Prohibited uses of funds.
Sec. 8023. Prohibitions.
Sec. 8024. Prohibitions on Federal Government and use of Federal funds.
Sec. 8025. Armed forces recruiter access to students and student 
          recruiting information.
Sec. 8026. Prohibition on federally sponsored testing.
Sec. 8027. Limitations on national testing or certification for 
          teachers, principals, or other school leaders.
Sec. 8028. Prohibition on requiring State participation.
Sec. 8029. Civil rights.
Sec. 8030. Consultation with Indian tribes and tribal organizations.
Sec. 8031. Outreach and technical assistance for rural local educational 
          agencies.
Sec. 8032. Consultation with the Governor.
Sec. 8033. Local governance.
Sec. 8034. Rule of construction regarding travel to and from school.
Sec. 8035. Limitations on school-based health centers.
Sec. 8036. State control over standards.
Sec. 8037. Sense of Congress on protecting student privacy.
Sec. 8038. Prohibition on aiding and abetting sexual abuse.
Sec. 8039. Sense of Congress on restoration of state sovereignty over 
          public education.
Sec. 8040. Privacy.
Sec. 8041. Analysis and periodic review; sense of Congress; technical 
          assistance.
Sec. 8042. Evaluations.

           TITLE IX--EDUCATION FOR THE HOMELESS AND OTHER LAWS

                  Part A--Homeless Children and Youths

Sec. 9101. Statement of policy.
Sec. 9102. Grants for State and local activities.
Sec. 9103. Local educational agency subgrants.
Sec. 9104. Secretarial responsibilities.
Sec. 9105. Definitions.
Sec. 9106. Authorization of appropriations.
Sec. 9107. Effective date.

                    Part B--Miscellaneous; Other Laws

Sec. 9201. Findings and sense of Congress on sexual misconduct.
Sec. 9202. Sense of Congress on First Amendment rights.
Sec. 9203. Preventing improper use of taxpayer funds.
Sec. 9204. Accountability to taxpayers through monitoring and oversight.
Sec. 9205. Report on Department actions to address Office of Inspector 
          General reports.
Sec. 9206. Posthumous pardon.
Sec. 9207. Education Flexibility Partnership Act of 1999 
          reauthorization.
Sec. 9208. Report on the reduction of the number and percentage of 
          students who drop out of school.
Sec. 9209. Report on subgroup sample size.
Sec. 9210. Report on student home access to digital learning resources.
Sec. 9211. Study on the title I formula.
Sec. 9212. Preschool development grants.
Sec. 9213. Review of Federal early childhood education programs.
Sec. 9214. Use of the term ``highly qualified'' in other laws.
Sec. 9215. Additional conforming amendments to other laws.

SEC. 3. REFERENCES.

    Except as otherwise expressly provided, whenever in this 
Act an amendment or repeal is expressed in terms of an 
amendment to, or repeal of, a section or other provision, the 
reference shall be considered to be made to a section or other 
provision of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 
(20 U.S.C. 6301 et seq.).

SEC. 4. TRANSITION.

    (a) Funding Authority.--
            (1) Multi-year awards.--
                    (A) Programs no longer authorized.--Except 
                as otherwise provided in this Act or the 
                amendments made by this Act, the recipient of a 
                multiyear award under the Elementary and 
                Secondary Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 6301 
                et seq.), as in effect on the day before the 
                date of enactment of this Act, under a program 
                that is not authorized under the Elementary and 
                Secondary Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 6301 
                et seq.), as amended by this Act, and--
                            (i) that is not substantively 
                        similar to a program authorized under 
                        the Elementary and Secondary Education 
                        Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 6301 et seq.), 
                        as amended by this Act, shall continue 
                        to receive funds in accordance with the 
                        terms of such prior award, except that 
                        no additional funds for such program 
                        may be awarded after September 30, 
                        2016; and
                            (ii) that is substantively similar 
                        to a program authorized under the 
                        Elementary and Secondary Education Act 
                        of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 6301 et seq.), as 
                        amended by this Act, shall continue to 
                        receive funds in accordance with the 
                        terms of such prior award.
                    (B) Authorized programs.--Except as 
                otherwise provided in this Act, or the 
                amendments made by this Act, the recipient of a 
                multiyear award under a program that was 
                authorized under the Elementary and Secondary 
                Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 6301 et seq.), 
                as in effect on the day before the date of 
                enactment of this Act, and that is authorized 
                under such Act (20 U.S.C. 6301 et seq.), as 
                amended by this Act, shall continue to receive 
                funds in accordance with the terms of such 
                prior award.
            (2) Planning and transition.--Notwithstanding any 
        other provision of law, a recipient of funds under a 
        program described in paragraph (1)(A)(ii) or (1)(B) may 
        use funds awarded to the recipient under such program, 
        to carry out necessary and reasonable planning and 
        transition activities in order to ensure the 
        recipient's compliance with the amendments to such 
        program made by this Act.
    (b) Orderly Transition.--Subject to subsection 
(a)(1)(A)(i), the Secretary shall take such steps as are 
necessary to provide for the orderly transition to, and 
implementation of, programs authorized under the Elementary and 
Secondary Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 6301 et. seq.), as 
amended by this Act, from programs authorized under the 
Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 6301 
et seq.), as in effect on the day before the date of enactment 
of this Act.
    (c) Termination of Certain Waivers.--
            (1) In general.--Notwithstanding any other 
        provision of this Act, and subject to section 5(e)(2), 
        a waiver described in paragraph (2) shall be null and 
        void and have no legal effect on or after August 1, 
        2016.
            (2) Waivers.--A waiver shall be subject to 
        paragraph (1) if the waiver was granted by the 
        Secretary of Education to a State or consortium of 
        local educational agencies under the program first 
        introduced in a letter to chief State school officers 
        dated September 23, 2011, and authorized under section 
        9401 of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 
        1965 (20 U.S.C. 7861), as in effect on the day before 
        the date of enactment of this Act.

SEC. 5. EFFECTIVE DATES.

    (a) In General.--Except as otherwise provided in this Act, 
or an amendment made by this Act, this Act, and the amendments 
made by this Act, shall be effective upon the date of enactment 
of this Act.
    (b) Noncompetitive Programs.--With respect to 
noncompetitive programs under the Elementary and Secondary 
Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 6301 et seq) and the McKinney-
Vento Homeless Assistance Act (42 U.S.C. 11301 et seq.) under 
which any funds are allotted by the Secretary of Education to 
recipients on the basis of a formula, the amendments made by 
this Act shall be effective beginning on July 1, 2016, except 
as otherwise provided in such amendments.
    (c) Competitive Programs.--With respect to programs that 
are conducted by the Secretary of Education on a competitive 
basis (and are not programs described in subsection (b)) under 
the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 
6301 et seq.), the amendments made by this Act with respect to 
appropriations for use under such programs shall be effective 
beginning on October 1, 2016, except as otherwise provided in 
such amendments.
    (d) Impact Aid.--With respect to title VII of the 
Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965, as amended by 
this Act, the amendments made by this Act shall take effect 
with respect to appropriations for use under such title 
beginning fiscal year 2017, except as otherwise provided in 
such amendments.
    (e) Title I of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act 
of 1965.--
            (1) Effective dates for section 1111 of the 
        elementary and secondary education act of 1965.--
        Notwithstanding any other provision of this Act, or the 
        amendments made by this Act, and subject to paragraph 
        (2) of this subsection--
                    (A) section 1111(b)(2) of the Elementary 
                and Secondary Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 
                6311(b)(2)), as in effect on the day before the 
                date of enactment of this Act, shall be 
                effective through the close of August 1, 2016;
                    (B) subsections (c) and (d) of section 1111 
                of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act 
                of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 6311), as amended by this 
                Act, shall take effect beginning with school 
                year 2017-2018; and
                    (C) section 1111(b)(2) of the Elementary 
                and Secondary Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 
                6311(b)(2)), as amended by this Act, and any 
                other provision of section 1111 of such Act (20 
                U.S.C. 6311), as amended by this Act, which is 
                not described in subparagraph (B) of this 
                paragraph, shall take effect in a manner 
                consistent with subsection (a).
            (2) Special rule.--
                    (A) In general.--Notwithstanding any other 
                provision of this Act (including subsection (b) 
                and paragraph (1)), any school or local 
                educational agency described in subparagraph 
                (B) shall continue to implement interventions 
                applicable to such school or local educational 
                agency under clause (i) or (ii) of subparagraph 
                (B) until--
                            (i) the State plan for the State in 
                        which the school or agency is located 
                        under section 1111 of the Elementary 
                        and Secondary Education Act of 1965 (20 
                        U.S.C. 6311), as amended by this Act, 
                        is approved under such section (20 
                        U.S.C. 6311); or
                            (ii) subsections (c) and (d) of 
                        section 1111 of the Elementary and 
                        Secondary Education Act of 1965 (20 
                        U.S.C. 6311), as amended by this Act, 
                        take effect in accordance with 
                        paragraph (1)(B),
                whichever occurs first.
                    (B) Certain schools and local educational 
                agencies.--A school or local educational agency 
                shall be subject to the requirements of 
                subparagraph (A), if such school or local 
                educational agency has been identified by the 
                State in which the school or local educational 
                agency is located--
                            (i) as in need of improvement, 
                        corrective action, or restructuring 
                        under part A of title I of the 
                        Elementary and Secondary Education Act 
                        of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 6311 et seq.), as in 
                        effect on the day before the date of 
                        enactment of this Act; or
                            (ii) as a priority or focus school 
                        under a waiver granted by the Secretary 
                        of Education under section 9401 of the 
                        Elementary and Secondary Education Act 
                        of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 7861), as in effect 
                        on the day before the date of enactment 
                        of this Act.

SEC. 6. TABLE OF CONTENTS OF THE ELEMENTARY AND SECONDARY EDUCATION ACT 
                    OF 1965.

    Section 2 is amended to read as follows:

``Sec. 1. Short title.
``Sec. 2. Table of contents.

   ``TITLE I--IMPROVING THE ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT OF THE DISADVANTAGED

``Sec. 1001. Statement of purpose.
``Sec. 1002. Authorization of appropriations.
``Sec. 1003. School improvement.
``Sec. 1003A. Direct student services.
``Sec. 1004. State administration.

    ``Part A--Improving Basic Programs Operated by Local Educational 
                                Agencies

                 ``subpart 1--basic program requirements

``Sec. 1111. State plans.
``Sec. 1112. Local educational agency plans.
``Sec. 1113. Eligible school attendance areas.
``Sec. 1114. Schoolwide programs.
``Sec. 1115. Targeted assistance schools.
``Sec. 1116. Parent and family engagement.
``Sec. 1117. Participation of children enrolled in private schools.
``Sec. 1118. Fiscal requirements.
``Sec. 1119. Coordination requirements.

                        ``subpart 2--allocations

``Sec. 1121. Grants for the outlying areas and the Secretary of the 
          Interior.
``Sec. 1122. Allocations to States.
``Sec. 1124. Basic grants to local educational agencies.
``Sec. 1124A. Concentration grants to local educational agencies.
``Sec. 1125. Targeted grants to local educational agencies.
``Sec. 1125AA. Adequacy of funding to local educational agencies in 
          fiscal years after fiscal year 2001.
``Sec. 1125A. Education finance incentive grant program.
``Sec. 1126. Special allocation procedures.
``Sec. 1127. Carryover and waiver.

                    ``Part B--State Assessment Grants

``Sec. 1201. Grants for State assessments and related activities.
``Sec. 1202. State option to conduct assessment system audit.
``Sec. 1203. Allotment of appropriated funds.
``Sec. 1204. Innovative assessment and accountability demonstration 
          authority.

                ``Part C--Education of Migratory Children

``Sec. 1301. Program purposes.
``Sec. 1302. Program authorized.
``Sec. 1303. State allocations.
``Sec. 1304. State applications; services.
``Sec. 1305. Secretarial approval; peer review.
``Sec. 1306. Comprehensive needs assessment and service-delivery plan; 
          authorized activities.
``Sec. 1307. Bypass.
``Sec. 1308. Coordination of migrant education activities.
``Sec. 1309. Definitions.

 ``Part D--Prevention and Intervention Programs for Children and Youth 
                Who Are Neglected, Delinquent, or At-Risk

``Sec. 1401. Purpose and program authorization.
``Sec. 1402. Payments for programs under this part.

                   ``subpart 1--state agency programs

``Sec. 1411. Eligibility.
``Sec. 1412. Allocation of funds.
``Sec. 1413. State reallocation of funds.
``Sec. 1414. State plan and State agency applications.
``Sec. 1415. Use of funds.
``Sec. 1416. Institution-wide projects.
``Sec. 1417. Three-year programs or projects.
``Sec. 1418. Transition services.
``Sec. 1419. Technical assistance.

                   ``subpart 2--local agency programs

``Sec. 1421. Purpose.
``Sec. 1422. Programs operated by local educational agencies.
``Sec. 1423. Local educational agency applications.
``Sec. 1424. Uses of funds.
``Sec. 1425. Program requirements for correctional facilities receiving 
          funds under this section.
``Sec. 1426. Accountability.

                     ``subpart 3--general provisions

``Sec. 1431. Program evaluations.
``Sec. 1432. Definitions.

          ``Part E--Flexibility for Equitable Per-Pupil Funding

``Sec. 1501. Flexibility for equitable per-pupil funding.

                      ``Part F--General Provisions

``Sec. 1601. Federal regulations.
``Sec. 1602. Agreements and records.
``Sec. 1603. State administration.
``Sec. 1604. Prohibition against Federal mandates, direction, or 
          control.
``Sec. 1605. Rule of construction on equalized spending.

 ``TITLE II--PREPARING, TRAINING, AND RECRUITING HIGH-QUALITY TEACHERS, 
                  PRINCIPALS, AND OTHER SCHOOL LEADERS

``Sec. 2001. Purpose.
``Sec. 2002. Definitions.
``Sec. 2003. Authorization of appropriations.

               ``Part A--Supporting Effective Instruction

``Sec. 2101. Formula grants to States.
``Sec. 2102. Subgrants to local educational agencies.
``Sec. 2103. Local uses of funds.
``Sec. 2104. Reporting.

                      ``Part B--National Activities

``Sec. 2201. Reservations.

        ``subpart 1--teacher and school leader incentive program

``Sec. 2211. Purposes; definitions.
``Sec. 2212. Teacher and school leader incentive fund grants.
``Sec. 2213. Reports.

     ``subpart 2--literacy education for all, results for the nation

``Sec. 2221. Purposes; definitions.
``Sec. 2222. Comprehensive literacy State development grants.
``Sec. 2223. Subgrants to eligible entities in support of birth through 
          kindergarten entry literacy.
``Sec. 2224. Subgrants to eligible entities in support of kindergarten 
          through grade 12 literacy.
``Sec. 2225. National evaluation and information dissemination.
``Sec. 2226. Innovative approaches to literacy.

           ``subpart 3--american history and civics education

``Sec. 2231. Program authorized.
``Sec. 2232. Presidential and congressional academies for American 
          history and civics.
``Sec. 2233. National activities.

             ``subpart 4--programs of national significance

``Sec. 2241. Funding allotment.
``Sec. 2242. Supporting effective educator development.
``Sec. 2243. School leader recruitment and support.
``Sec. 2244. Technical assistance and national evaluation.
``Sec. 2245. STEM master teacher corps.

                      ``Part C--General Provisions

``Sec. 2301. Supplement, not supplant.
``Sec. 2302. Rules of construction.

  ``TITLE III--LANGUAGE INSTRUCTION FOR ENGLISH LEARNERS AND IMMIGRANT 
                                STUDENTS

``Sec. 3001. Authorization of appropriations.

   ``Part A--English Language Acquisition, Language Enhancement, and 
                        Academic Achievement Act

``Sec. 3101. Short title.
``Sec. 3102. Purposes.

 ``subpart 1--grants and subgrants for english language acquisition and 
                          language enhancement

``Sec. 3111. Formula grants to States.
``Sec. 3112. Native American and Alaska Native children in school.
``Sec. 3113. State and specially qualified agency plans.
``Sec. 3114. Within-State allocations.
``Sec. 3115. Subgrants to eligible entities.
``Sec. 3116. Local plans.

             ``subpart 2--accountability and administration

``Sec. 3121. Reporting.
``Sec. 3122. Biennial reports.
``Sec. 3123. Coordination with related programs.
``Sec. 3124. Rules of construction.
``Sec. 3125. Legal authority under State law.
``Sec. 3126. Civil rights.
``Sec. 3127. Programs for Native Americans and Puerto Rico.
``Sec. 3128. Prohibition.

                    ``subpart 3--national activities

``Sec. 3131. National professional development project.

                      ``Part B--General Provisions

``Sec. 3201. Definitions.
``Sec. 3202. National clearinghouse.
``Sec. 3203. Regulations.

                    ``TITLE IV--21ST CENTURY SCHOOLS

``Sec. 4001. General provisions.

        ``Part A--Student Support and Academic Enrichment Grants

       ``subpart 1--student support and academic enrichment grants

``Sec. 4101. Purpose.
``Sec. 4102. Definitions.
``Sec. 4103. Formula grants to States.
``Sec. 4104. State use of funds.
``Sec. 4105. Allocations to local educational agencies.
``Sec. 4106. Local educational agency applications.
``Sec. 4107. Activities to support well-rounded educational 
          opportunities.
``Sec. 4108. Activities to support safe and healthy students.
``Sec. 4109. Activities to support the effective use of technology.
``Sec. 4110. Supplement, not supplant.
``Sec. 4111. Rule of construction.
``Sec. 4112. Authorization of appropriations.

                      ``subpart 2--internet safety

``4121. Internet safety.

            ``Part B--21st Century Community Learning Centers

``Sec. 4201. Purpose; definitions.
``Sec. 4202. Allotments to States.
``Sec. 4203. State application.
``Sec. 4204. Local competitive subgrant program.
``Sec. 4205. Local activities.
``Sec. 4206. Authorization of appropriations.

     ``Part C--Expanding Opportunity Through Quality Charter Schools

``Sec. 4301. Purpose.
``Sec. 4302. Program authorized.
``Sec. 4303. Grants to support high-quality charter schools.
``Sec. 4304. Facilities financing assistance.
``Sec. 4305. National activities.
``Sec. 4306. Federal formula allocation during first year and for 
          successive enrollment expansions.
``Sec. 4307. Solicitation of input from charter school operators.
``Sec. 4308. Records transfer.
``Sec. 4309. Paperwork reduction.
``Sec. 4310. Definitions.
``Sec. 4311. Authorization of appropriations.

                   ``Part D--Magnet Schools Assistance

``Sec. 4401. Findings and purpose.
``Sec. 4402. Definition.
``Sec. 4403. Program authorized.
``Sec. 4404. Eligibility.
``Sec. 4405. Applications and requirements.
``Sec. 4406. Priority.
``Sec. 4407. Use of funds.
``Sec. 4408. Limitations.
``Sec. 4409. Authorization of appropriations; reservation.

            ``Part E--Family Engagement in Education Programs

``Sec. 4501. Purposes.
``Sec. 4502. Grants authorized.
``Sec. 4503. Applications.
``Sec. 4504. Uses of funds.
``Sec. 4505. Family engagement in Indian schools.
``Sec. 4506. Authorization of appropriations.

                      ``Part F--National Activities

``Sec. 4601. Authorization of appropriations; reservations.

             ``subpart 1--education innovation and research

``Sec. 4611. Grants for education innovation and research.

            ``subpart 2--community support for school success

``Sec. 4621. Purposes.
``Sec. 4622. Definitions.
``Sec. 4623. Program authorized.
``Sec. 4624. Promise neighborhoods.
``Sec. 4625. Full-service community schools.

           ``subpart 3--national activities for school safety

``Sec. 4631. National activities for school safety.

                    ``subpart 4--academic enrichment

``Sec. 4641. Awards for academic enrichment.
``Sec. 4642. Assistance for arts education.
``Sec. 4643. Ready to learn programming.
``Sec. 4644. Supporting high-ability learners and learning.

                ``TITLE V--FLEXIBILITY AND ACCOUNTABILITY

   ``Part A--Funding Transferability for State and Local Educational 
                                Agencies

``Sec. 5101. Short title.
``Sec. 5102. Purpose.
``Sec. 5103. Transferability of funds.

                  ``Part B--Rural Education Initiative

``Sec. 5201. Short title.
``Sec. 5202. Purpose.

          ``subpart 1--small, rural school achievement program

``Sec. 5211. Use of applicable funding.
``Sec. 5212. Grant program authorized.

            ``subpart 2--rural and low-income school program

``Sec. 5221. Program authorized.
``Sec. 5222. Use of funds.
``Sec. 5223. Applications.
``Sec. 5224. Report.
``Sec. 5225. Choice of participation.

                      ``Part C--General Provisions

``Sec. 5301. Prohibition against Federal mandates, direction, or 
          control.
``Sec. 5302. Rule of construction on equalized spending.

    ``TITLE VI--INDIAN, NATIVE HAWAIIAN, AND ALASKA NATIVE EDUCATION

                       ``Part A--Indian Education

``Sec. 6101. Statement of policy.
``Sec. 6102. Purpose.

        ``subpart 1--formula grants to local educational agencies

``Sec. 6111. Purpose.
``Sec. 6112. Grants to local educational agencies and tribes.
``Sec. 6113. Amount of grants.
``Sec. 6114. Applications.
``Sec. 6115. Authorized services and activities.
``Sec. 6116. Integration of services authorized.
``Sec. 6117. Student eligibility forms.
``Sec. 6118. Payments.
``Sec. 6119. State educational agency review.

   ``subpart 2--special programs and projects to improve educational 
                    opportunities for indian children

``Sec. 6121. Improvement of educational opportunities for Indian 
          children and youth.
``Sec. 6122. Professional development for teachers and education 
          professionals.

                    ``subpart 3--national activities

``Sec. 6131. National research activities.
``Sec. 6132. Grants to tribes for education administrative planning, 
          development, and coordination.
``Sec. 6133. Native American and Alaska Native language immersion 
          schools and programs.

                   ``subpart 4--federal administration

``Sec. 6141. National Advisory Council on Indian Education.
``Sec. 6142. Peer review.
``Sec. 6143. Preference for Indian applicants.
``Sec. 6144. Minimum grant criteria.

       ``subpart 5--definitions; authorizations of appropriations

``Sec. 6151. Definitions.
``Sec. 6152. Authorizations of appropriations.

                   ``Part B--Native Hawaiian Education

``Sec. 6201. Short title.
``Sec. 6202. Findings.
``Sec. 6203. Purposes.
``Sec. 6204. Native Hawaiian Education Council.
``Sec. 6205. Program authorized.
``Sec. 6206. Administrative provisions.
``Sec. 6207. Definitions.

                    ``Part C--Alaska Native Education

``Sec. 6301. Short title.
``Sec. 6302. Findings.
``Sec. 6303. Purposes.
``Sec. 6304. Program authorized.
``Sec. 6305. Administrative provisions.
``Sec. 6306. Definitions.

                         ``TITLE VII--IMPACT AID

``Sec. 7001. Purpose.
``Sec. 7002. Payments relating to Federal acquisition of real property.
``Sec. 7003. Payments for eligible federally connected children.
``Sec. 7004. Policies and procedures relating to children residing on 
          Indian lands.
``Sec. 7005. Application for payments under sections 7002 and 7003.
``Sec. 7007. Construction.
``Sec. 7008. Facilities.
``Sec. 7009. State consideration of payments in providing State aid.
``Sec. 7010. Federal administration.
``Sec. 7011. Administrative hearings and judicial review.
``Sec. 7012. Forgiveness of overpayments.
``Sec. 7013. Definitions.
``Sec. 7014. Authorization of appropriations.

                    ``TITLE VIII--GENERAL PROVISIONS

                          ``Part A--Definitions

``Sec. 8101. Definitions.
``Sec. 8102. Applicability of title.
``Sec. 8103. Applicability to Bureau of Indian Education operated 
          schools.

   ``Part B--Flexibility in the Use of Administrative and Other Funds

``Sec. 8201. Consolidation of State administrative funds for elementary 
          and secondary education programs.
``Sec. 8202. Single local educational agency States.
``Sec. 8203. Consolidation of funds for local administration.
``Sec. 8204. Consolidated set-aside for Department of the Interior 
          funds.
``Sec. 8205. Department staff.

 ``Part C--Coordination of Programs; Consolidated State and Local Plans 
                            and Applications

``Sec. 8301. Purposes.
``Sec. 8302. Optional consolidated State plans or applications.
``Sec. 8303. Consolidated reporting.
``Sec. 8304. General applicability of State educational agency 
          assurances.
``Sec. 8305. Consolidated local plans or applications.
``Sec. 8306. Other general assurances.

                            ``Part D--Waivers

``Sec. 8401. Waivers of statutory and regulatory requirements.

``Part E--Approval and Disapproval of State Plans and Local Applications

``Sec. 8451. Approval and disapproval of State plans.
``Sec. 8452. Approval and disapproval of local educational agency 
          applications.

                      ``Part F--Uniform Provisions

                      ``subpart 1--private schools

``Sec. 8501. Participation by private school children and teachers.
``Sec. 8502. Standards for by-pass.
``Sec. 8503. Complaint process for participation of private school 
          children.
``Sec. 8504. By-pass determination process.
``Sec. 8505. Prohibition against funds for religious worship or 
          instruction.
``Sec. 8506. Private, religious, and home schools.

                      ``subpart 2--other provisions

``Sec. 8521. Maintenance of effort.
``Sec. 8522. Prohibition regarding State aid.
``Sec. 8523. Privacy of assessment results.
``Sec. 8524. School prayer.
``Sec. 8525. Equal access to public school facilities.
``Sec. 8526. Prohibited uses of funds
``Sec. 8526A. Prohibition against Federal mandates, direction, or 
          control.
``Sec. 8527. Prohibitions on Federal Government and use of Federal 
          funds.
``Sec. 8528. Armed Forces recruiter access to students and student 
          recruiting information.
``Sec. 8529. Prohibition on federally sponsored testing.
``Sec. 8530. Limitations on national testing or certification for 
          teachers, principals, or other school leaders.
``Sec. 8530A. Prohibition on requiring State participation.
``Sec. 8531. Prohibition on nationwide database.
``Sec. 8532. Unsafe school choice option.
``Sec. 8533. Prohibition on discrimination.
``Sec. 8534. Civil rights.
``Sec. 8535. Rulemaking.
``Sec. 8536. Severability.
``Sec. 8537. Transfer of school disciplinary records.
``Sec. 8538. Consultation with Indian tribes and tribal organizations.
``Sec. 8539. Outreach and technical assistance for rural local 
          educational agencies.
``Sec. 8540. Consultation with the Governor.
``Sec. 8541. Local governance.
``Sec. 8542. Rule of construction regarding travel to and from school.
``Sec. 8543. Limitations on school-based health centers.
``Sec. 8544. State control over standards.
``Sec. 8545. Sense of Congress on protecting student privacy.
``Sec. 8546. Prohibition on aiding and abetting sexual abuse.
``Sec. 8547. Sense of Congress on restoration of State sovereignty over 
          public education.
``Sec. 8548. Privacy.
``Sec. 8549. Analysis and periodic review of departmental guidance.
``Sec. 8549A. Sense of Congress.
``Sec. 8549B. Sense of Congress on early learning and child care.
``Sec. 8549C. Technical assistance.

                ``subpart 3--teacher liability protection

``Sec. 8551. Short title.
``Sec. 8552. Purpose.
``Sec. 8553. Definitions.
``Sec. 8554. Applicability.
``Sec. 8555. Preemption and election of State nonapplicability.
``Sec. 8556. Limitation on liability for teachers.
``Sec. 8557. Allocation of responsibility for noneconomic loss.
``Sec. 8558. Effective date.

                       ``subpart 4--gun possession

``Sec. 8561. Gun-free requirements.

                ``subpart 5--environmental tobacco smoke

``Sec. 8571. Short title.
``Sec. 8572. Definitions.
``Sec. 8573. Nonsmoking policy for children's services.
``Sec. 8574. Preemption.

                          ``Part G--Evaluations

``Sec. 8601. Evaluations.''.

     TITLE I--IMPROVING BASIC PROGRAMS OPERATED BY STATE AND LOCAL 
                          EDUCATIONAL AGENCIES

     PART A--IMPROVING BASIC PROGRAMS OPERATED BY STATE AND LOCAL 
                          EDUCATIONAL AGENCIES

SEC. 1000. REDESIGNATIONS.

    Subpart 1 of part A of title I (20 U.S.C. 6311 et seq.) is 
amended--
            (1) by striking sections 1116, 1117, and 1119;
            (2) by redesignating section 1118 as section 1116;
            (3) by redesignating section 1120 as section 1117;
            (4) by redesignating section 1120A as section 1118; 
        and
            (5) by redesignating section 1120B as section 1119.

SEC. 1001. STATEMENT OF PURPOSE.

    Section 1001 (20 U.S.C. 6301) is amended to read as 
follows:

``SEC. 1001. STATEMENT OF PURPOSE.

    ``The purpose of this title is to provide all children 
significant opportunity to receive a fair, equitable, and high-
quality education, and to close educational achievement 
gaps.''.

SEC. 1002. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

    Section 1002 (20 U.S.C. 6302) is amended to read as 
follows:

``SEC. 1002. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

    ``(a)  Local Educational Agency Grants.--There are 
authorized to be appropriated to carry out the activities 
described in part A--
            ``(1) $15,012,317,605 for fiscal year 2017;
            ``(2) $15,457,459,042 for fiscal year 2018;
            ``(3) $15,897,371,442 for fiscal year 2019; and
            ``(4) $16,182,344,591 for fiscal year 2020.
    ``(b) State Assessments.--There are authorized to be 
appropriated to carry out the activities described in part B, 
$378,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2017 through 2020.
    ``(c) Education of Migratory Children.--There are 
authorized to be appropriated to carry out the activities 
described in part C, $374,751,000 for each of fiscal years 2017 
through 2020.
    ``(d) Prevention and Intervention Programs for Children and 
Youth Who Are Neglected, Delinquent, or At-risk.--There are 
authorized to be appropriated to carry out the activities 
described in part D, $47,614,000 for each of fiscal years 2017 
through 2020.
    ``(e) Federal Activities.--For the purpose of carrying out 
evaluation activities related to title I under section 8601, 
there are authorized to be appropriated $710,000 for each of 
fiscal years 2017 through 2020.
    ``(f) Sense of Congress Regarding Adjustments to 
Authorizations of Appropriations Provided in This Act for 
Future Budget Agreements.--It is the sense of Congress that if 
legislation is enacted that revises the limits on discretionary 
spending established under section 251(c) of the Balanced 
Budget and Emergency Deficit Control Act of 1985 (2 U.S.C. 
901(c)), the levels of appropriations authorized throughout 
this Act should be adjusted in a manner that is consistent with 
the adjustments in nonsecurity category funding provided for 
under the revised limits on discretionary spending.''.

SEC. 1003. SCHOOL IMPROVEMENT.

    Section 1003 (20 U.S.C. 6303) is amended to read as 
follows:

``SEC. 1003. SCHOOL IMPROVEMENT.

    ``(a) State Reservations.--To carry out subsection (b) and 
the State educational agency's statewide system of technical 
assistance and support for local educational agencies, each 
State shall reserve the greater of--
            ``(1) 7 percent of the amount the State receives 
        under subpart 2 of part A; or
            ``(2) the sum of the amount the State--
                    ``(A) reserved for fiscal year 2016 under 
                this subsection, as in effect on the day before 
                the date of enactment of the Every Student 
                Succeeds Act; and
                    ``(B) received for fiscal year 2016 under 
                subsection (g), as in effect on the day before 
                the date of enactment of the Every Student 
                Succeeds Act.
    ``(b) Uses.--Of the amount reserved under subsection (a) 
for any fiscal year, the State educational agency--
            ``(1)(A) shall allocate not less than 95 percent of 
        that amount to make grants to local educational 
        agencies on a formula or competitive basis, to serve 
        schools implementing comprehensive support and 
        improvement activities or targeted support and 
        improvement activities under section 1111(d); or
            ``(B) may, with the approval of the local 
        educational agency, directly provide for these 
        activities or arrange for their provision through other 
        entities such as school support teams, educational 
        service agencies, or nonprofit or for-profit external 
        providers with expertise in using evidence-based 
        strategies to improve student achievement, instruction, 
        and schools; and
            ``(2) shall use the funds not allocated to local 
        educational agencies under paragraph (1) to carry out 
        this section, which shall include--
                    ``(A) establishing the method, consistent 
                with paragraph (1)(A), the State will use to 
                allocate funds to local educational agencies 
                under such paragraph, including ensuring--
                            ``(i) the local educational 
                        agencies receiving an allotment under 
                        such paragraph represent the geographic 
                        diversity of the State; and
                            ``(ii) that allotments are of 
                        sufficient size to enable a local 
                        educational agency to effectively 
                        implement selected strategies;
                    ``(B) monitoring and evaluating the use of 
                funds by local educational agencies receiving 
                an allotment under such paragraph; and
                    ``(C) as appropriate, reducing barriers and 
                providing operational flexibility for schools 
                in the implementation of comprehensive support 
                and improvement activities or targeted support 
                and improvement activities under section 
                1111(d).
    ``(c) Duration.--The State educational agency shall award 
each subgrant under subsection (b) for a period of not more 
than 4 years, which may include a planning year.
    ``(d) Rule of Construction.--Nothing in this section shall 
be construed as prohibiting a State from allocating subgrants 
under this section to a statewide school district, consortium 
of local educational agencies, or an educational service agency 
that serves schools implementing comprehensive support and 
improvement activities or targeted support and improvement 
activities, if such entities are legally constituted or 
recognized as local educational agencies in the State.
    ``(e) Application.--To receive an allotment under 
subsection (b)(1), a local educational agency shall submit an 
application to the State educational agency at such time, in 
such form, and including such information as the State 
educational agency may require. Each application shall include, 
at a minimum--
            ``(1) a description of how the local educational 
        agency will carry out its responsibilities under 
        section 1111(d) for schools receiving funds under this 
        section, including how the local educational agency 
        will--
                    ``(A) develop comprehensive support and 
                improvement plans under section 1111(d)(1) for 
                schools receiving funds under this section;
                    ``(B) support schools developing or 
                implementing targeted support and improvement 
                plans under section 1111(d)(2), if funds 
                received under this section are used for such 
                purpose;
                    ``(C) monitor schools receiving funds under 
                this section, including how the local 
                educational agency will carry out its 
                responsibilities under clauses (iv) and (v) of 
                section 1111(d)(2)(B) if funds received under 
                this section are used to support schools 
                implementing targeted support and improvement 
                plans;
                    ``(D) use a rigorous review process to 
                recruit, screen, select, and evaluate any 
                external partners with whom the local 
                educational agency will partner;
                    ``(E) align other Federal, State, and local 
                resources to carry out the activities supported 
                with funds received under subsection (b)(1); 
                and
                    ``(F) as appropriate, modify practices and 
                policies to provide operational flexibility 
                that enables full and effective implementation 
                of the plans described in paragraphs (1) and 
                (2) of section 1111(d); and
            ``(2) an assurance that each school the local 
        educational agency proposes to serve will receive all 
        of the State and local funds it would have received in 
        the absence of funds received under this section.
    ``(f) Priority.--The State educational agency, in 
allocating funds to local educational agencies under this 
section, shall give priority to local educational agencies 
that--
            ``(1) serve high numbers, or a high percentage of, 
        elementary schools and secondary schools implementing 
        plans under paragraphs (1) and (2) of section 1111(d);
            ``(2) demonstrate the greatest need for such funds, 
        as determined by the State; and
            ``(3) demonstrate the strongest commitment to using 
        funds under this section to enable the lowest-
        performing schools to improve student achievement and 
        student outcomes.
    ``(g) Unused Funds.--If, after consultation with local 
educational agencies in the State, the State educational agency 
determines that the amount of funds reserved to carry out 
subsection (b) is greater than the amount needed to provide the 
assistance described in that subsection, the State educational 
agency shall allocate the excess amount to local educational 
agencies in accordance with--
            ``(1) the relative allocations the State 
        educational agency made to those agencies for that 
        fiscal year under subpart 2 of part A; or
            ``(2) section 1126(c).
    ``(h) Special Rule.--Notwithstanding any other provision of 
this section, the amount of funds reserved by the State 
educational agency under subsection (a) for fiscal year 2018 
and each subsequent fiscal year shall not decrease the amount 
of funds each local educational agency receives under subpart 2 
of part A below the amount received by such local educational 
agency under such subpart for the preceding fiscal year.
    ``(i) Reporting.--The State shall include in the report 
described in section 1111(h)(1) a list of all the local 
educational agencies and schools that received funds under this 
section, including the amount of funds each school received and 
the types of strategies implemented in each school with such 
funds.''.

SEC. 1004. DIRECT STUDENT SERVICES.

    The Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 (20 
U.S.C. 6301 et seq.) is amended by inserting after section 1003 
(20 U.S.C. 6303) the following:

``SEC. 1003A. DIRECT STUDENT SERVICES.

    ``(a) State Reservation.--
            ``(1) In general.--
                    ``(A) States.--Each State educational 
                agency, after meaningful consultation with 
                geographically diverse local educational 
                agencies described in subparagraph (B), may 
                reserve not more than 3 percent of the amount 
                the State educational agency receives under 
                subpart 2 of part A for each fiscal year to 
                carry out this section.
                    ``(B) Consultation.--A State educational 
                agency shall consult under subparagraph (A) 
                with local educational agencies that include--
                            ``(i) suburban, rural, and urban 
                        local educational agencies;
                            ``(ii) local educational agencies 
                        serving a high percentage of schools 
                        identified by the State for 
                        comprehensive support and improvement 
                        under section 1111(c)(4)(D)(i); and
                            ``(iii) local educational agencies 
                        serving a high percentage of schools 
                        implementing targeted support and 
                        improvement plans under section 
                        1111(d)(2).
            ``(2) Program administration.--Of the funds 
        reserved under paragraph (1)(A), the State educational 
        agency may use not more than 1 percent to administer 
        the program described in this section.
    ``(b) Awards.--
            ``(1) In general.--From the amount reserved under 
        subsection (a) by a State educational agency, the State 
        educational agency shall award grants to geographically 
        diverse local educational agencies described in 
        subsection (a)(1)(B)(i).
            ``(2) Priority.--In making such awards, the State 
        educational agency shall prioritize awards to local 
        educational agencies serving the highest percentage of 
        schools, as compared to other local educational 
        agencies in the State--
                    ``(A) identified by the State for 
                comprehensive support and improvement under 
                section 1111(c)(4)(D)(i); or
                    ``(B) implementing targeted support and 
                improvement plans under section 1111(d)(2).
    ``(c) Local Use of Funds.--A local educational agency 
receiving an award under this section--
            ``(1) may use not more than 1 percent of its award 
        for outreach and communication to parents about 
        available direct student services described in 
        paragraph (3) in the local educational agency and 
        State;
            ``(2) may use not more than 2 percent of its award 
        for administrative costs related to such direct student 
        services;
            ``(3) shall use the remainder of the award to pay 
        the costs associated with one or more of the following 
        direct student services--
                    ``(A) enrollment and participation in 
                academic courses not otherwise available at a 
                student's school, including--
                            ``(i) advanced courses; and
                            ``(ii) career and technical 
                        education coursework that--
                                    ``(I) is aligned with the 
                                challenging State academic 
                                standards; and
                                    ``(II) leads to industry-
                                recognized credentials that 
                                meet the quality criteria 
                                established by the State under 
                                section 123(a) of the Workforce 
                                Innovation and Opportunity Act 
                                (29 U.S.C. 3102);
                    ``(B) credit recovery and academic 
                acceleration courses that lead to a regular 
                high school diploma;
                    ``(C) activities that assist students in 
                successfully completing postsecondary level 
                instruction and examinations that are accepted 
                for credit at institutions of higher education 
                (including Advanced Placement and International 
                Baccalaureate courses), which may include 
                reimbursing low-income students to cover part 
                or all of the costs of fees for such 
                examinations;
                    ``(D) components of a personalized learning 
                approach, which may include high-quality 
                academic tutoring; and
                    ``(E) in the case of a local educational 
                agency that does not reserve funds under 
                section 1111(d)(1)(D)(v), transportation to 
                allow a student enrolled in a school identified 
                for comprehensive support and improvement under 
                section 1111(c)(4)(D)(i) to transfer to another 
                public school (which may include a charter 
                school) that has not been identified by the 
                State under such section; and
            ``(4) in paying the costs associated with the 
        direct student services described in paragraph (3), 
        shall--
                    ``(A) first, pay such costs for students 
                who are enrolled in schools identified by the 
                State for comprehensive support and improvement 
                under section 1111(c)(4)(D)(i);
                    ``(B) second, pay such costs for low-
                achieving students who are enrolled in schools 
                implementing targeted support and improvement 
                plans under section 1111(d)(2); and
                    ``(C) with any remaining funds, pay such 
                costs for other low-achieving students served 
                by the local educational agency.
    ``(d) Application.--A local educational agency desiring to 
receive an award under subsection (b) shall submit an 
application to the State educational agency at such time and in 
such manner as the State educational agency shall require. At a 
minimum, each application shall describe how the local 
educational agency will--
            ``(1) provide adequate outreach to ensure parents 
        can exercise a meaningful choice of direct student 
        services for their child's education;
            ``(2) ensure parents have adequate time and 
        information to make a meaningful choice prior to 
        enrolling their child in a direct student service;
            ``(3) in the case of a local educational agency 
        offering public school choice under this section, 
        ensure sufficient availability of seats in the public 
        schools the local educational agency will make 
        available for public school choice options;
            ``(4) prioritize services to students who are 
        lowest-achieving;
            ``(5) select providers of direct student services, 
        which may include one or more of--
                    ``(A) the local educational agency or other 
                local educational agencies;
                    ``(B) community colleges or other 
                institutions of higher education;
                    ``(C) non-public entities;
                    ``(D) community-based organizations; or
                    ``(E) in the case of high-quality academic 
                tutoring, a variety of providers of such 
                tutoring that are selected and approved by the 
                State and appear on the State's list of such 
                providers required under subsection (e)(2);
            ``(6) monitor the provision of direct student 
        services; and
            ``(7) publicly report the results of direct student 
        service providers in improving relevant student 
        outcomes in a manner that is accessible to parents.
    ``(e) Providers and Schools.--A State educational agency 
that reserves an amount under subsection (a) shall--
            ``(1) ensure that each local educational agency 
        that receives an award under this section and intends 
        to provide public school choice under subsection 
        (c)(3)(E) can provide a sufficient number of options to 
        provide a meaningful choice for parents;
            ``(2) compile and maintain an updated list of 
        State-approved high-quality academic tutoring providers 
        that--
                    ``(A) is developed using a fair negotiation 
                and rigorous selection and approval process;
                    ``(B) provides parents with meaningful 
                choices;
                    ``(C) offers a range of tutoring models, 
                including online and on campus; and
                    ``(D) includes only providers that--
                            ``(i) have a demonstrated record of 
                        success in increasing students' 
                        academic achievement;
                            ``(ii) comply with all applicable 
                        Federal, State, and local health, 
                        safety, and civil rights laws; and
                            ``(iii) provide instruction and 
                        content that is secular, neutral, and 
                        non-ideological;
            ``(3) ensure that each local educational agency 
        receiving an award is able to provide an adequate 
        number of high-quality academic tutoring options to 
        ensure parents have a meaningful choice of services;
            ``(4) develop and implement procedures for 
        monitoring the quality of services provided by direct 
        student service providers; and
            ``(5) establish and implement clear criteria 
        describing the course of action for direct student 
        service providers that are not successful in improving 
        student academic outcomes, which, for a high-quality 
        academic tutoring provider, may include a process to 
        remove State approval under paragraph (2).''.

SEC. 1005. STATE PLANS.

    Section 1111 (20 U.S.C. 6311) is amended to read as 
follows:

``SEC. 1111. STATE PLANS.

    ``(a) Filing for Grants.--
            ``(1) In general.--For any State desiring to 
        receive a grant under this part, the State educational 
        agency shall file with the Secretary a plan that is--
                    ``(A) developed by the State educational 
                agency with timely and meaningful consultation 
                with the Governor, members of the State 
                legislature and State board of education (if 
                the State has a State board of education), 
                local educational agencies (including those 
                located in rural areas), representatives of 
                Indian tribes located in the State, teachers, 
                principals, other school leaders, charter 
                school leaders (if the State has charter 
                schools), specialized instructional support 
                personnel, paraprofessionals, administrators, 
                other staff, and parents; and
                    ``(B) is coordinated with other programs 
                under this Act, the Individuals with 
                Disabilities Education Act (20 U.S.C. 1400 et 
                seq.), the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 (20 
                U.S.C. 701 et seq.), the Carl D. Perkins Career 
                and Technical Education Act of 2006 (20 U.S.C. 
                2301 et seq.), the Workforce Innovation and 
                Opportunity Act (29 U.S.C. 3101 et seq.), the 
                Head Start Act (42 U.S.C. 9831 et seq.), the 
                Child Care and Development Block Grant Act of 
                1990 (42 U.S.C. 9858 et seq.), the Education 
                Sciences Reform Act of 2002 (20 U.S.C. 9501 et 
                seq.), the Education Technical Assistance Act 
                of 2002 (20 U.S.C. 9601 et. seq.), the National 
                Assessment of Educational Progress 
                Authorization Act (20 U.S.C. 9621 et seq.), the 
                McKinney-Vento Homeless Assistance Act (42 
                U.S.C. 11301 et seq.), and the Adult Education 
                and Family Literacy Act (29 U.S.C. 3271 et 
                seq.).
            ``(2) Limitation.--Consultation required under 
        paragraph (1)(A) shall not interfere with the timely 
        submission of the plan required under this section.
            ``(3) Consolidated plan.--A State plan submitted 
        under paragraph (1) may be submitted as part of a 
        consolidated plan under section 8302.
            ``(4) Peer review and secretarial approval.--
                    ``(A) In general.--The Secretary shall--
                            ``(i) establish a peer-review 
                        process to assist in the review of 
                        State plans;
                            ``(ii) establish multidisciplinary 
                        peer-review teams and appoint members 
                        of such teams--
                                    ``(I) who are 
                                representative of--
                                            ``(aa) parents, 
                                        teachers, principals, 
                                        other school leaders, 
                                        specialized 
                                        instructional support 
                                        personnel, State 
                                        educational agencies, 
                                        local educational 
                                        agencies, and the 
                                        community (including 
                                        the business 
                                        community); and
                                            ``(bb) researchers 
                                        who are familiar with--
                                                    ``(AA) the 
                                                implementation 
                                                of academic 
                                                standards, 
                                                assessments, or 
                                                accountability 
                                                systems; and
                                                    ``(BB) how 
                                                to meet the 
                                                needs of 
                                                disadvantaged 
                                                students, 
                                                children with 
                                                disabilities, 
                                                and English 
                                                learners, the 
                                                needs of low-
                                                performing 
                                                schools, and 
                                                other 
                                                educational 
                                                needs of 
                                                students;
                                    ``(II) that include, to the 
                                extent practicable, majority 
                                representation of individuals 
                                who, in the most recent 2 
                                years, have had practical 
                                experience in the classroom, 
                                school administration, or State 
                                or local government (such as 
                                direct employees of a school, 
                                local educational agency, or 
                                State educational agency); and
                                    ``(III) who represent a 
                                regionally diverse cross-
                                section of States;
                            ``(iii) make available to the 
                        public, including by such means as 
                        posting to the Department's website, 
                        the list of peer reviewers who have 
                        reviewed State plans under this 
                        section;
                            ``(iv) ensure that the peer-review 
                        teams consist of varied individuals so 
                        that the same peer reviewers are not 
                        reviewing all of the State plans;
                            ``(v) approve a State plan not 
                        later than 120 days after its 
                        submission, unless the Secretary meets 
                        the requirements of clause (vi);
                            ``(vi) have the authority to 
                        disapprove a State plan only if--
                                    ``(I) the Secretary--
                                            ``(aa) determines 
                                        how the State plan 
                                        fails to meet the 
                                        requirements of this 
                                        section;
                                            ``(bb) immediately 
                                        provides to the State, 
                                        in writing, notice of 
                                        such determination, and 
                                        the supporting 
                                        information and 
                                        rationale to 
                                        substantiate such 
                                        determination;
                                            ``(cc) offers the 
                                        State an opportunity to 
                                        revise and resubmit its 
                                        State plan, and 
                                        provides the State--
                                                    ``(AA) 
                                                technical 
                                                assistance to 
                                                assist the 
                                                State in 
                                                meeting the 
                                                requirements of 
                                                this section;
                                                    ``(BB) in 
                                                writing, all 
                                                peer-review 
                                                comments, 
                                                suggestions, 
                                                recommendations,
                                                 or concerns 
                                                relating to its 
                                                State plan; and
                                                    ``(CC) a 
                                                hearing, unless 
                                                the State 
                                                declines the 
                                                opportunity for 
                                                such hearing; 
                                                and
                                    ``(II) the State--
                                            ``(aa) does not 
                                        revise and resubmit its 
                                        State plan; or
                                            ``(bb) in a case in 
                                        which a State revises 
                                        and resubmits its State 
                                        plan after a hearing is 
                                        conducted under 
                                        subclause (I)(cc)(CC), 
                                        or after the State has 
                                        declined the 
                                        opportunity for such a 
                                        hearing, the Secretary 
                                        determines that such 
                                        revised State plan does 
                                        not meet the 
                                        requirements of this 
                                        section.
                    ``(B) Purpose of peer review.--The peer-
                review process shall be designed to--
                            ``(i) maximize collaboration with 
                        each State;
                            ``(ii) promote effective 
                        implementation of the challenging State 
                        academic standards through State and 
                        local innovation; and
                            ``(iii) provide transparent, 
                        timely, and objective feedback to 
                        States designed to strengthen the 
                        technical and overall quality of the 
                        State plans.
                    ``(C) Standard and nature of review.--Peer 
                reviewers shall conduct an objective review of 
                State plans in their totality and out of 
                respect for State and local judgments, with the 
                goal of supporting State- and local-led 
                innovation and providing objective feedback on 
                the technical and overall quality of a State 
                plan.
                    ``(D) Prohibition.--Neither the Secretary 
                nor the political appointees of the Department, 
                may attempt to participate in, or influence, 
                the peer-review process.
            ``(5) Public review.--All written communications, 
        feedback, and notifications under this subsection shall 
        be conducted in a manner that is transparent and 
        immediately made available to the public on the 
        Department's website, including--
                    ``(A) plans submitted or resubmitted by a 
                State;
                    ``(B) peer-review guidance, notes, and 
                comments and the names of the peer reviewers 
                (once the peer reviewers have completed their 
                work);
                    ``(C) State plan determinations by the 
                Secretary, including approvals or disapprovals; 
                and
                    ``(D) notices and transcripts of hearings 
                under this section.
            ``(6) Duration of the plan.--
                    ``(A) In general.--Each State plan shall--
                            ``(i) remain in effect for the 
                        duration of the State's participation 
                        under this part; and
                            ``(ii) be periodically reviewed and 
                        revised as necessary by the State 
                        educational agency to reflect changes 
                        in the State's strategies and programs 
                        under this part.
                    ``(B) Additional information.--
                            ``(i) In general.--If a State makes 
                        significant changes to its plan at any 
                        time, such as the adoption of new 
                        challenging State academic standards or 
                        new academic assessments under 
                        subsection (b), or changes to its 
                        accountability system under subsection 
                        (c), such information shall be 
                        submitted to the Secretary in the form 
                        of revisions or amendments to the State 
                        plan.
                            ``(ii) Review of revised plans.--
                        The Secretary shall review the 
                        information submitted under clause (i) 
                        and approve changes to the State plan, 
                        or disapprove such changes in 
                        accordance with paragraph (4)(A)(vi), 
                        within 90 days, without undertaking the 
                        peer-review process under such 
                        paragraph.
                            ``(iii) Special rule for 
                        standards.--If a State makes changes to 
                        its challenging State academic 
                        standards, the requirements of 
                        subsection (b)(1), including the 
                        requirement that such standards need 
                        not be submitted to the Secretary 
                        pursuant to subsection (b)(1)(A), shall 
                        still apply.
            ``(7) Failure to meet requirements.--If a State 
        fails to meet any of the requirements of this section, 
        the Secretary may withhold funds for State 
        administration under this part until the Secretary 
        determines that the State has fulfilled those 
        requirements.
            ``(8) Public comment.--Each State shall make the 
        State plan publicly available for public comment for a 
        period of not less than 30 days, by electronic means 
        and in an easily accessible format, prior to submission 
        to the Secretary for approval under this subsection. 
        The State, in the plan it files under this subsection, 
        shall provide an assurance that public comments were 
        taken into account in the development of the State 
        plan.
    ``(b) Challenging Academic Standards and Academic 
Assessments.--
            ``(1) Challenging state academic standards.--
                    ``(A) In general.--Each State, in the plan 
                it files under subsection (a), shall provide an 
                assurance that the State has adopted 
                challenging academic content standards and 
                aligned academic achievement standards 
                (referred to in this Act as `challenging State 
                academic standards'), which achievement 
                standards shall include not less than 3 levels 
                of achievement, that will be used by the State, 
                its local educational agencies, and its schools 
                to carry out this part. A State shall not be 
                required to submit such challenging State 
                academic standards to the Secretary.
                    ``(B) Same standards.--Except as provided 
                in subparagraph (E), the standards required by 
                subparagraph (A) shall--
                            ``(i) apply to all public schools 
                        and public school students in the 
                        State; and
                            ``(ii) with respect to academic 
                        achievement standards, include the same 
                        knowledge, skills, and levels of 
                        achievement expected of all public 
                        school students in the State.
                    ``(C) Subjects.--The State shall have such 
                academic standards for mathematics, reading or 
                language arts, and science, and may have such 
                standards for any other subject determined by 
                the State.
                    ``(D) Alignment.--
                            ``(i) In general.--Each State shall 
                        demonstrate that the challenging State 
                        academic standards are aligned with 
                        entrance requirements for credit-
                        bearing coursework in the system of 
                        public higher education in the State 
                        and relevant State career and technical 
                        education standards.
                            ``(ii) Rule of construction.--
                        Nothing in this Act shall be construed 
                        to authorize public institutions of 
                        higher education to determine the 
                        specific challenging State academic 
                        standards required under this 
                        paragraph.
                    ``(E) Alternate academic achievement 
                standards for students with the most 
                significant cognitive disabilities.--
                            ``(i) In general.--The State may, 
                        through a documented and validated 
                        standards-setting process, adopt 
                        alternate academic achievement 
                        standards for students with the most 
                        significant cognitive disabilities, 
                        provided those standards--
                                    ``(I) are aligned with the 
                                challenging State academic 
                                content standards under 
                                subparagraph (A);
                                    ``(II) promote access to 
                                the general education 
                                curriculum, consistent with the 
                                Individuals with Disabilities 
                                Education Act (20 U.S.C. 1400 
                                et seq.);
                                    ``(III) reflect 
                                professional judgment as to the 
                                highest possible standards 
                                achievable by such students;
                                    ``(IV) are designated in 
                                the individualized education 
                                program developed under section 
                                614(d)(3) of the Individuals 
                                with Disabilities Education Act 
                                (20 U.S.C. 1414(d)(3)) for each 
                                such student as the academic 
                                achievement standards that will 
                                be used for the student; and
                                    ``(V) are aligned to ensure 
                                that a student who meets the 
                                alternate academic achievement 
                                standards is on track to pursue 
                                postsecondary education or 
                                employment, consistent with the 
                                purposes of Public Law 93-112, 
                                as in effect on July 22, 2014.
                            ``(ii) Prohibition on any other 
                        alternate or modified academic 
                        achievement standards.--A State shall 
                        not develop, or implement for use under 
                        this part, any alternate academic 
                        achievement standards for children with 
                        disabilities that are not alternate 
                        academic achievement standards that 
                        meet the requirements of clause (i).
                    ``(F) English language proficiency 
                standards.--Each State plan shall demonstrate 
                that the State has adopted English language 
                proficiency standards that--
                            ``(i) are derived from the 4 
                        recognized domains of speaking, 
                        listening, reading, and writing;
                            ``(ii) address the different 
                        proficiency levels of English learners; 
                        and
                            ``(iii) are aligned with the 
                        challenging State academic standards.
                    ``(G) Prohibitions.--
                            ``(i) Standards review or 
                        approval.--A State shall not be 
                        required to submit any standards 
                        developed under this subsection to the 
                        Secretary for review or approval.
                            ``(ii) Federal control.--The 
                        Secretary shall not have the authority 
                        to mandate, direct, control, coerce, or 
                        exercise any direction or supervision 
                        over any of the challenging State 
                        academic standards adopted or 
                        implemented by a State.
                    ``(H) Existing standards.--Nothing in this 
                part shall prohibit a State from revising, 
                consistent with this section, any standards 
                adopted under this part before or after the 
                date of enactment of the Every Student Succeeds 
                Act.
            ``(2) Academic assessments.--
                    ``(A) In general.--Each State plan shall 
                demonstrate that the State educational agency, 
                in consultation with local educational 
                agencies, has implemented a set of high-quality 
                student academic assessments in mathematics, 
                reading or language arts, and science. The 
                State retains the right to implement such 
                assessments in any other subject chosen by the 
                State.
                    ``(B) Requirements.--The assessments under 
                subparagraph (A) shall--
                            ``(i) except as provided in 
                        subparagraph (D), be--
                                    ``(I) the same academic 
                                assessments used to measure the 
                                achievement of all public 
                                elementary school and secondary 
                                school students in the State; 
                                and
                                    ``(II) administered to all 
                                public elementary school and 
                                secondary school students in 
                                the State;
                            ``(ii) be aligned with the 
                        challenging State academic standards, 
                        and provide coherent and timely 
                        information about student attainment of 
                        such standards and whether the student 
                        is performing at the student's grade 
                        level;
                            ``(iii) be used for purposes for 
                        which such assessments are valid and 
                        reliable, consistent with relevant, 
                        nationally recognized professional and 
                        technical testing standards, 
                        objectively measure academic 
                        achievement, knowledge, and skills, and 
                        be tests that do not evaluate or assess 
                        personal or family beliefs and 
                        attitudes, or publicly disclose 
                        personally identifiable information;
                            ``(iv) be of adequate technical 
                        quality for each purpose required under 
                        this Act and consistent with the 
                        requirements of this section, the 
                        evidence of which shall be made public, 
                        including on the website of the State 
                        educational agency;
                            ``(v)(I) in the case of mathematics 
                        and reading or language arts, be 
                        administered--
                                    ``(aa) in each of grades 3 
                                through 8; and
                                    ``(bb) at least once in 
                                grades 9 through 12;
                            ``(II) in the case of science, be 
                        administered not less than one time 
                        during--
                                    ``(aa) grades 3 through 5;
                                    ``(bb) grades 6 through 9; 
                                and
                                    ``(cc) grades 10 through 
                                12; and
                            ``(III) in the case of any other 
                        subject chosen by the State, be 
                        administered at the discretion of the 
                        State;
                            ``(vi) involve multiple up-to-date 
                        measures of student academic 
                        achievement, including measures that 
                        assess higher-order thinking skills and 
                        understanding, which may include 
                        measures of student academic growth and 
                        may be partially delivered in the form 
                        of portfolios, projects, or extended 
                        performance tasks;
                            ``(vii) provide for--
                                    ``(I) the participation in 
                                such assessments of all 
                                students;
                                    ``(II) the appropriate 
                                accommodations, such as 
                                interoperability with, and 
                                ability to use, assistive 
                                technology, for children with 
                                disabilities (as defined in 
                                section 602(3) of the 
                                Individuals with Disabilities 
                                Education Act (20 U.S.C. 
                                1401(3))), including students 
                                with the most significant 
                                cognitive disabilities, and 
                                students with a disability who 
                                are provided accommodations 
                                under an Act other than the 
                                Individuals with Disabilities 
                                Education Act (20 U.S.C. 1400 
                                et seq.), necessary to measure 
                                the academic achievement of 
                                such children relative to the 
                                challenging State academic 
                                standards or alternate academic 
                                achievement standards described 
                                in paragraph (1)(E); and
                                    ``(III) the inclusion of 
                                English learners, who shall be 
                                assessed in a valid and 
                                reliable manner and provided 
                                appropriate accommodations on 
                                assessments administered to 
                                such students under this 
                                paragraph, including, to the 
                                extent practicable, assessments 
                                in the language and form most 
                                likely to yield accurate data 
                                on what such students know and 
                                can do in academic content 
                                areas, until such students have 
                                achieved English language 
                                proficiency, as determined 
                                under subparagraph (G);
                            ``(viii) at the State's 
                        discretion--
                                    ``(I) be administered 
                                through a single summative 
                                assessment; or
                                    ``(II) be administered 
                                through multiple statewide 
                                interim assessments during the 
                                course of the academic year 
                                that result in a single 
                                summative score that provides 
                                valid, reliable, and 
                                transparent information on 
                                student achievement or growth;
                            ``(ix) notwithstanding clause 
                        (vii)(III), provide for assessments 
                        (using tests in English) of reading or 
                        language arts of any student who has 
                        attended school in the United States 
                        (not including the Commonwealth of 
                        Puerto Rico) for 3 or more consecutive 
                        school years, except that if the local 
                        educational agency determines, on a 
                        case-by-case individual basis, that 
                        academic assessments in another 
                        language or form would likely yield 
                        more accurate and reliable information 
                        on what such student knows and can do, 
                        the local educational agency may make a 
                        determination to assess such student in 
                        the appropriate language other than 
                        English for a period that does not 
                        exceed 2 additional consecutive years, 
                        provided that such student has not yet 
                        reached a level of English language 
                        proficiency sufficient to yield valid 
                        and reliable information on what such 
                        student knows and can do on tests 
                        (written in English) of reading or 
                        language arts;
                            ``(x) produce individual student 
                        interpretive, descriptive, and 
                        diagnostic reports, consistent with 
                        clause (iii), regarding achievement on 
                        such assessments that allow parents, 
                        teachers, principals, and other school 
                        leaders to understand and address the 
                        specific academic needs of students, 
                        and that are provided to parents, 
                        teachers, and school leaders, as soon 
                        as is practicable after the assessment 
                        is given, in an understandable and 
                        uniform format, and to the extent 
                        practicable, in a language that parents 
                        can understand;
                            ``(xi) enable results to be 
                        disaggregated within each State, local 
                        educational agency, and school by--
                                    ``(I) each major racial and 
                                ethnic group;
                                    ``(II) economically 
                                disadvantaged students as 
                                compared to students who are 
                                not economically disadvantaged;
                                    ``(III) children with 
                                disabilities as compared to 
                                children without disabilities;
                                    ``(IV) English proficiency 
                                status;
                                    ``(V) gender; and
                                    ``(VI) migrant status,

                        except that such disaggregation shall 
                        not be required in the case of a State, 
                        local educational agency, or a school 
                        in which the number of students in a 
                        subgroup is insufficient to yield 
                        statistically reliable information or 
                        the results would reveal personally 
                        identifiable information about an 
                        individual student;
                            ``(xii) enable itemized score 
                        analyses to be produced and reported, 
                        consistent with clause (iii), to local 
                        educational agencies and schools, so 
                        that parents, teachers, principals, 
                        other school leaders, and 
                        administrators can interpret and 
                        address the specific academic needs of 
                        students as indicated by the students' 
                        achievement on assessment items; and
                            ``(xiii) be developed, to the 
                        extent practicable, using the 
                        principles of universal design for 
                        learning.
                    ``(C) Exception for advanced mathematics in 
                middle school.--A State may exempt any 8th 
                grade student from the assessment in 
                mathematics described in subparagraph 
                (B)(v)(I)(aa) if--
                            ``(i) such student takes the end-
                        of-course assessment the State 
                        typically administers to meet the 
                        requirements of subparagraph 
                        (B)(v)(I)(bb) in mathematics;
                            ``(ii) such student's achievement 
                        on such end-of-course assessment is 
                        used for purposes of subsection 
                        (c)(4)(B)(i), in lieu of such student's 
                        achievement on the mathematics 
                        assessment required under subparagraph 
                        (B)(v)(I)(aa), and such student is 
                        counted as participating in the 
                        assessment for purposes of subsection 
                        (c)(4)(B)(vi); and
                            ``(iii) in high school, such 
                        student takes a mathematics assessment 
                        pursuant to subparagraph (B)(v)(I)(bb) 
                        that--
                                    ``(I) is any end-of-course 
                                assessment or other assessment 
                                that is more advanced than the 
                                assessment taken by such 
                                student under clause (i) of 
                                this subparagraph; and
                                    ``(II) shall be used to 
                                measure such student's academic 
                                achievement for purposes of 
                                subsection (c)(4)(B)(i).
                    ``(D) Alternate assessments for students 
                with the most significant cognitive 
                disabilities.--
                            ``(i) Alternate assessments aligned 
                        with alternate academic achievement 
                        standards.--A State may provide for 
                        alternate assessments aligned with the 
                        challenging State academic standards 
                        and alternate academic achievement 
                        standards described in paragraph (1)(E) 
                        for students with the most significant 
                        cognitive disabilities, if the State--
                                    ``(I) consistent with 
                                clause (ii), ensures that, for 
                                each subject, the total number 
                                of students assessed in such 
                                subject using the alternate 
                                assessments does not exceed 1 
                                percent of the total number of 
                                all students in the State who 
                                are assessed in such subject;
                                    ``(II) ensures that the 
                                parents of such students are 
                                clearly informed, as part of 
                                the process for developing the 
                                individualized education 
                                program (as defined in section 
                                614(d)(1)(A) of the Individuals 
                                with Disabilities Education Act 
                                (20 U.S.C. 1414(d)(1)(A)))--
                                            ``(aa) that their 
                                        child's academic 
                                        achievement will be 
                                        measured based on such 
                                        alternate standards; 
                                        and
                                            ``(bb) how 
                                        participation in such 
                                        assessments may delay 
                                        or otherwise affect the 
                                        student from completing 
                                        the requirements for a 
                                        regular high school 
                                        diploma;
                                    ``(III) promotes, 
                                consistent with the Individuals 
                                with Disabilities Education Act 
                                (20 U.S.C. 1400 et seq.), the 
                                involvement and progress of 
                                students with the most 
                                significant cognitive 
                                disabilities in the general 
                                education curriculum;
                                    ``(IV) describes in the 
                                State plan the steps the State 
                                has taken to incorporate 
                                universal design for learning, 
                                to the extent feasible, in 
                                alternate assessments;
                                    ``(V) describes in the 
                                State plan that general and 
                                special education teachers, and 
                                other appropriate staff--
                                            ``(aa) know how to 
                                        administer the 
                                        alternate assessments; 
                                        and
                                            ``(bb) make 
                                        appropriate use of 
                                        accommodations for 
                                        students with 
                                        disabilities on all 
                                        assessments required 
                                        under this paragraph;
                                    ``(VI) develops, 
                                disseminates information on, 
                                and promotes the use of 
                                appropriate accommodations to 
                                increase the number of students 
                                with significant cognitive 
                                disabilities--
                                            ``(aa) 
                                        participating in 
                                        academic instruction 
                                        and assessments for the 
                                        grade level in which 
                                        the student is 
                                        enrolled; and
                                            ``(bb) who are 
                                        tested based on 
                                        challenging State 
                                        academic standards for 
                                        the grade level in 
                                        which the student is 
                                        enrolled; and
                                    ``(VII) does not preclude a 
                                student with the most 
                                significant cognitive 
                                disabilities who takes an 
                                alternate assessment based on 
                                alternate academic achievement 
                                standards from attempting to 
                                complete the requirements for a 
                                regular high school diploma.
                            ``(ii) Special rules.--
                                    ``(I) Responsibility under 
                                idea.--Subject to the authority 
                                and requirements for the 
                                individualized education 
                                program team for a child with a 
                                disability under section 
                                614(d)(1)(A)(i)(VI)(bb) of the 
                                Individuals with Disabilities 
                                Education Act (20 U.S.C. 
                                1414(d)(1)(A)(i)(VI)(bb)), such 
                                team, consistent with the 
                                guidelines established by the 
                                State and required under 
                                section 612(a)(16)(C) of such 
                                Act (20 U.S.C. 1412(c)(16)(C)) 
                                and clause (i)(II) of this 
                                subparagraph, shall determine 
                                when a child with a significant 
                                cognitive disability shall 
                                participate in an alternate 
                                assessment aligned with the 
                                alternate academic achievement 
                                standards.
                                    ``(II) Prohibition on local 
                                cap.--Nothing in this 
                                subparagraph shall be construed 
                                to permit the Secretary or a 
                                State educational agency to 
                                impose on any local educational 
                                agency a cap on the percentage 
                                of students administered an 
                                alternate assessment under this 
                                subparagraph, except that a 
                                local educational agency 
                                exceeding the cap applied to 
                                the State under clause (i)(I) 
                                shall submit information to the 
                                State educational agency 
                                justifying the need to exceed 
                                such cap.
                                    ``(III) State support.--A 
                                State shall provide appropriate 
                                oversight, as determined by the 
                                State, of any local educational 
                                agency that is required to 
                                submit information to the State 
                                under subclause (II).
                                    ``(IV) Waiver authority.--
                                This subparagraph shall be 
                                subject to the waiver authority 
                                under section 8401.
                    ``(E) State authority.--If a State 
                educational agency provides evidence, which is 
                satisfactory to the Secretary, that neither the 
                State educational agency nor any other State 
                government official, agency, or entity has 
                sufficient authority, under State law, to adopt 
                challenging State academic standards, and 
                academic assessments aligned with such 
                standards, which will be applicable to all 
                students enrolled in the State's public 
                elementary schools and secondary schools, then 
                the State educational agency may meet the 
                requirements of this subsection by--
                            ``(i) adopting academic standards 
                        and academic assessments that meet the 
                        requirements of this subsection, on a 
                        statewide basis, and limiting their 
                        applicability to students served under 
                        this part; or
                            ``(ii) adopting and implementing 
                        policies that ensure that each local 
                        educational agency in the State that 
                        receives grants under this part will 
                        adopt academic content and student 
                        academic achievement standards, and 
                        academic assessments aligned with such 
                        standards, which--
                                    ``(I) meet all of the 
                                criteria in this subsection and 
                                any regulations regarding such 
                                standards and assessments that 
                                the Secretary may publish; and
                                    ``(II) are applicable to 
                                all students served by each 
                                such local educational agency.
                    ``(F) Language assessments.--
                            ``(i) In general.--Each State plan 
                        shall identify the languages other than 
                        English that are present to a 
                        significant extent in the participating 
                        student population of the State and 
                        indicate the languages for which annual 
                        student academic assessments are not 
                        available and are needed.
                            ``(ii) Secretarial assistance.--The 
                        State shall make every effort to 
                        develop such assessments and may 
                        request assistance from the Secretary 
                        if linguistically accessible academic 
                        assessment measures are needed. Upon 
                        request, the Secretary shall assist 
                        with the identification of appropriate 
                        academic assessment measures in the 
                        needed languages, but shall not mandate 
                        a specific academic assessment or mode 
                        of instruction.
                    ``(G) Assessments of english language 
                proficiency.--
                            ``(i) In general.--Each State plan 
                        shall demonstrate that local 
                        educational agencies in the State will 
                        provide for an annual assessment of 
                        English proficiency of all English 
                        learners in the schools served by the 
                        State educational agency.
                            ``(ii) Alignment.--The assessments 
                        described in clause (i) shall be 
                        aligned with the State's English 
                        language proficiency standards 
                        described in paragraph (1)(F).
                    ``(H) Locally-selected assessment.--
                            ``(i) In general.--Nothing in this 
                        paragraph shall be construed to 
                        prohibit a local educational agency 
                        from administering a locally-selected 
                        assessment in lieu of the State-
                        designed academic assessment under 
                        subclause (I)(bb) and subclause 
                        (II)(cc) of subparagraph (B)(v), if the 
                        local educational agency selects a 
                        nationally-recognized high school 
                        academic assessment that has been 
                        approved for use by the State as 
                        described in clause (iii) or (iv) of 
                        this subparagraph.
                            ``(ii) State technical criteria.--
                        To allow for State approval of 
                        nationally-recognized high school 
                        academic assessments that are available 
                        for local selection under clause (i), a 
                        State educational agency shall 
                        establish technical criteria to 
                        determine if any such assessment meets 
                        the requirements of clause (v).
                            ``(iii) State approval.--If a State 
                        educational agency chooses to make a 
                        nationally-recognized high school 
                        assessment available for selection by a 
                        local educational agency under clause 
                        (i), which has not already been 
                        approved under this clause, such State 
                        educational agency shall--
                                    ``(I) conduct a review of 
                                the assessment to determine if 
                                such assessment meets or 
                                exceeds the technical criteria 
                                established by the State 
                                educational agency under clause 
                                (ii);
                                    ``(II) submit evidence in 
                                accordance with subsection 
                                (a)(4) that demonstrates such 
                                assessment meets the 
                                requirements of clause (v); and
                                    ``(III) after fulfilling 
                                the requirements of subclauses 
                                (I) and (II), approve such 
                                assessment for selection and 
                                use by any local educational 
                                agency that requests to use 
                                such assessment under clause 
                                (i).
                            ``(iv) Local educational agency 
                        option.--
                                    ``(I) Local educational 
                                agency.--If a local educational 
                                agency chooses to submit a 
                                nationally-recognized high 
                                school academic assessment to 
                                the State educational agency, 
                                subject to the approval process 
                                described in subclause (I) and 
                                subclause (II) of clause (iii) 
                                to determine if such assessment 
                                fulfills the requirements of 
                                clause (v), the State 
                                educational agency may approve 
                                the use of such assessment 
                                consistent with clause (i).
                                    ``(II) State educational 
                                agency.--Upon such approval, 
                                the State educational agency 
                                shall approve the use of such 
                                assessment in any other local 
                                educational agency in the State 
                                that subsequently requests to 
                                use such assessment without 
                                repeating the process described 
                                in subclauses (I) and (II) of 
                                clause (iii).
                            ``(v) Requirements.--To receive 
                        approval from the State educational 
                        agency under clause (iii), a locally-
                        selected assessment shall--
                                    ``(I) be aligned to the 
                                State's academic content 
                                standards under paragraph (1), 
                                address the depth and breadth 
                                of such standards, and be 
                                equivalent in its content 
                                coverage, difficulty, and 
                                quality to the State-designed 
                                assessments under this 
                                paragraph (and may be more 
                                rigorous in its content 
                                coverage and difficulty than 
                                such State-designed 
                                assessments);
                                    ``(II) provide comparable, 
                                valid, and reliable data on 
                                academic achievement, as 
                                compared to the State-designed 
                                assessments, for all students 
                                and for each subgroup of 
                                students defined in subsection 
                                (c)(2), with results expressed 
                                in terms consistent with the 
                                State's academic achievement 
                                standards under paragraph (1), 
                                among all local educational 
                                agencies within the State;
                                    ``(III) meet the 
                                requirements for the 
                                assessments under subparagraph 
                                (B) of this paragraph, 
                                including technical criteria, 
                                except the requirement under 
                                clause (i) of such 
                                subparagraph; and
                                    ``(IV) provide unbiased, 
                                rational, and consistent 
                                differentiation between schools 
                                within the State to meet the 
                                requirements of subsection (c).
                            ``(vi) Parental notification.--A 
                        local educational agency shall notify 
                        the parents of high school students 
                        served by the local educational 
                        agency--
                                    ``(I) of its request to the 
                                State educational agency for 
                                approval to administer a 
                                locally-selected assessment; 
                                and
                                    ``(II) upon approval, and 
                                at the beginning of each 
                                subsequent school year during 
                                which the locally selected 
                                assessment will be 
                                administered, that the local 
                                educational agency will be 
                                administering a different 
                                assessment than the State-
                                designed assessments under 
                                subclause (I)(bb) and subclause 
                                (II)(cc) of subparagraph 
                                (B)(v).
                    ``(I) Deferral.--A State may defer the 
                commencement, or suspend the administration, 
                but not cease the development, of the 
                assessments described in this paragraph, for 1 
                year for each year for which the amount 
                appropriated for grants under part B is less 
                than $369,100,000.
                    ``(J) Adaptive assessments.--
                            ``(i) In general.--Subject to 
                        clause (ii), a State retains the right 
                        to develop and administer computer 
                        adaptive assessments as the assessments 
                        described in this paragraph, provided 
                        the computer adaptive assessments meet 
                        the requirements of this paragraph, 
                        except that--
                                    ``(I) subparagraph (B)(i) 
                                shall not be interpreted to 
                                require that all students 
                                taking the computer adaptive 
                                assessment be administered the 
                                same assessment items; and
                                    ``(II) such assessment--
                                            ``(aa) shall 
                                        measure, at a minimum, 
                                        each student's academic 
                                        proficiency based on 
                                        the challenging State 
                                        academic standards for 
                                        the student's grade 
                                        level and growth toward 
                                        such standards; and
                                            ``(bb) may measure 
                                        the student's level of 
                                        academic proficiency 
                                        and growth using items 
                                        above or below the 
                                        student's grade level, 
                                        including for use as 
                                        part of a State's 
                                        accountability system 
                                        under subsection (c).
                            ``(ii) Students with the most 
                        significant cognitive disabilities and 
                        english learners.--In developing and 
                        administering computer adaptive 
                        assessments--
                                    ``(I) as the assessments 
                                allowed under subparagraph (D), 
                                a State shall ensure that such 
                                computer adaptive assessments--
                                            ``(aa) meet the 
                                        requirements of this 
                                        paragraph, including 
                                        subparagraph (D), 
                                        except such assessments 
                                        shall not be required 
                                        to meet the 
                                        requirements of clause 
                                        (i)(II); and
                                            ``(bb) assess the 
                                        student's academic 
                                        achievement to measure, 
                                        in the subject being 
                                        assessed, whether the 
                                        student is performing 
                                        at the student's grade 
                                        level; and
                                    ``(II) as the assessments 
                                required under subparagraph 
                                (G), a State shall ensure that 
                                such computer adaptive 
                                assessments--
                                            ``(aa) meet the 
                                        requirements of this 
                                        paragraph, including 
                                        subparagraph (G), 
                                        except such assessment 
                                        shall not be required 
                                        to meet the 
                                        requirements of clause 
                                        (i)(II); and
                                            ``(bb) assess the 
                                        student's language 
                                        proficiency, which may 
                                        include growth towards 
                                        such proficiency, in 
                                        order to measure the 
                                        student's acquisition 
                                        of English.
                    ``(K) Rule of construction on parent 
                rights.--Nothing in this paragraph shall be 
                construed as preempting a State or local law 
                regarding the decision of a parent to not have 
                the parent's child participate in the academic 
                assessments under this paragraph.
                    ``(L) Limitation on assessment time.--
                Subject to Federal or State requirements 
                related to assessments, evaluations, and 
                accommodations, each State may, at the sole 
                discretion of such State, set a target limit on 
                the aggregate amount of time devoted to the 
                administration of assessments for each grade, 
                expressed as a percentage of annual 
                instructional hours.
            ``(3) Exception for recently arrived english 
        learners.--
                    ``(A) Assessments.--With respect to 
                recently arrived English learners who have been 
                enrolled in a school in one of the 50 States in 
                the United States or the District of Columbia 
                for less than 12 months, a State may choose 
                to--
                            ``(i) exclude--
                                    ``(I) such an English 
                                learner from one administration 
                                of the reading or language arts 
                                assessment required under 
                                paragraph (2); and
                                    ``(II) such an English 
                                learner's results on any of the 
                                assessments required under 
                                paragraph (2)(B)(v)(I) or 
                                (2)(G) for the first year of 
                                the English learner's 
                                enrollment in such a school for 
                                the purposes of the State-
                                determined accountability 
                                system under subsection (c); or
                            ``(ii)(I) assess, and report the 
                        performance of, such an English learner 
                        on the reading or language arts and 
                        mathematics assessments required under 
                        paragraph (2)(B)(v)(I) in each year of 
                        the student's enrollment in such a 
                        school; and
                            ``(II) for the purposes of the 
                        State-determined accountability 
                        system--
                                    ``(aa) for the first year 
                                of the student's enrollment in 
                                such a school, exclude the 
                                results on the assessments 
                                described in subclause (I);
                                    ``(bb) include a measure of 
                                student growth on the 
                                assessments described in 
                                subclause (I) in the second 
                                year of the student's 
                                enrollment in such a school; 
                                and
                                    ``(cc) include proficiency 
                                on the assessments described in 
                                subclause (I) in the third year 
                                of the student's enrollment in 
                                such a school, and each 
                                succeeding year of such 
                                enrollment.
                    ``(B) English learner subgroup.--With 
                respect to a student previously identified as 
                an English learner and for not more than 4 
                years after the student ceases to be identified 
                as an English learner, a State may include the 
                results of the student's assessments under 
                paragraph (2)(B)(v)(I) within the English 
                learner subgroup of the subgroups of students 
                (as defined in subsection (c)(2)(D)) for the 
                purposes of the State-determined accountability 
                system.
    ``(c) Statewide Accountability System.--
            ``(1) In general.--Each State plan shall describe a 
        statewide accountability system that complies with the 
        requirements of this subsection and subsection (d).
            ``(2) Subgroup of students.--In this subsection and 
        subsection (d), the term `subgroup of students' means--
                    ``(A) economically disadvantaged students;
                    ``(B) students from major racial and ethnic 
                groups;
                    ``(C) children with disabilities; and
                    ``(D) English learners.
            ``(3) Minimum number of students.--Each State shall 
        describe--
                    ``(A) with respect to any provisions under 
                this part that require disaggregation of 
                information by each subgroup of students--
                            ``(i) the minimum number of 
                        students that the State determines are 
                        necessary to be included to carry out 
                        such requirements and how that number 
                        is statistically sound, which shall be 
                        the same State-determined number for 
                        all students and for each subgroup of 
                        students in the State;
                            ``(ii) how such minimum number of 
                        students was determined by the State, 
                        including how the State collaborated 
                        with teachers, principals, other school 
                        leaders, parents, and other 
                        stakeholders when determining such 
                        minimum number; and
                            ``(iii) how the State ensures that 
                        such minimum number is sufficient to 
                        not reveal any personally identifiable 
                        information.
            ``(4) Description of system.--The statewide 
        accountability system described in paragraph (1) shall 
        be based on the challenging State academic standards 
        for reading or language arts and mathematics described 
        in subsection (b)(1) to improve student academic 
        achievement and school success. In designing such 
        system to meet the requirements of this part, the State 
        shall carry out the following:
                    ``(A) Establishment of long-term goals.--
                Establish ambitious State-designed long-term 
                goals, which shall include measurements of 
                interim progress toward meeting such goals--
                            ``(i) for all students and 
                        separately for each subgroup of 
                        students in the State--
                                    ``(I) for, at a minimum, 
                                improved--
                                            ``(aa) academic 
                                        achievement, as 
                                        measured by proficiency 
                                        on the annual 
                                        assessments required 
                                        under subsection 
                                        (b)(2)(B)(v)(I); and
                                            ``(bb) high school 
                                        graduation rates, 
                                        including--
                                                    ``(AA) the 
                                                four-year 
                                                adjusted cohort 
                                                graduation 
                                                rate; and
                                                    ``(BB) at 
                                                the State's 
                                                discretion, the 
                                                extended-year 
                                                adjusted cohort 
                                                graduation 
                                                rate, except 
                                                that the State 
                                                shall set a 
                                                more rigorous 
                                                long-term goal 
                                                for such 
                                                graduation 
                                                rate, as 
                                                compared to the 
                                                long-term goal 
                                                set for the 
                                                four-year 
                                                adjusted cohort 
                                                graduation 
                                                rate;
                                    ``(II) for which the term 
                                set by the State for such goals 
                                is the same multi-year length 
                                of time for all students and 
                                for each subgroup of students 
                                in the State; and
                                    ``(III) that, for subgroups 
                                of students who are behind on 
                                the measures described in items 
                                (aa) and (bb) of subclause (I), 
                                take into account the 
                                improvement necessary on such 
                                measures to make significant 
                                progress in closing statewide 
                                proficiency and graduation rate 
                                gaps; and
                            ``(ii) for English learners, for 
                        increases in the percentage of such 
                        students making progress in achieving 
                        English language proficiency, as 
                        defined by the State and measured by 
                        the assessments described in subsection 
                        (b)(2)(G), within a State-determined 
                        timeline.
                    ``(B) Indicators.--Except for the indicator 
                described in clause (iv), annually measure, for 
                all students and separately for each subgroup 
                of students, the following indicators:
                            ``(i) For all public schools in the 
                        State, based on the long-term goals 
                        established under subparagraph (A), 
                        academic achievement--
                                    ``(I) as measured by 
                                proficiency on the annual 
                                assessments required under 
                                subsection (b)(2)(B)(v)(I); and
                                    ``(II) at the State's 
                                discretion, for each public 
                                high school in the State, 
                                student growth, as measured by 
                                such annual assessments.
                            ``(ii) For public elementary 
                        schools and secondary schools that are 
                        not high schools in the State--
                                    ``(I) a measure of student 
                                growth, if determined 
                                appropriate by the State; or
                                    ``(II) another valid and 
                                reliable statewide academic 
                                indicator that allows for 
                                meaningful differentiation in 
                                school performance.
                            ``(iii) For public high schools in 
                        the State, and based on State-designed 
                        long term goals established under 
                        subparagraph (A)--
                                    ``(I) the four-year 
                                adjusted cohort graduation 
                                rate; and
                                    ``(II) at the State's 
                                discretion, the extended-year 
                                adjusted cohort graduation 
                                rate.
                            ``(iv) For public schools in the 
                        State, progress in achieving English 
                        language proficiency, as defined by the 
                        State and measured by the assessments 
                        described in subsection (b)(2)(G), 
                        within a State-determined timeline for 
                        all English learners--
                                    ``(I) in each of the grades 
                                3 through 8; and
                                    ``(II) in the grade for 
                                which such English learners are 
                                otherwise assessed under 
                                subsection (b)(2)(B)(v)(I) 
                                during the grade 9 through 
                                grade 12 period, with such 
                                progress being measured against 
                                the results of the assessments 
                                described in subsection 
                                (b)(2)(G) taken in the previous 
                                grade.
                            ``(v)(I) For all public schools in 
                        the State, not less than one indicator 
                        of school quality or student success 
                        that--
                                    ``(aa) allows for 
                                meaningful differentiation in 
                                school performance;
                                    ``(bb) is valid, reliable, 
                                comparable, and statewide (with 
                                the same indicator or 
                                indicators used for each grade 
                                span, as such term is 
                                determined by the State); and
                                    ``(cc) may include one or 
                                more of the measures described 
                                in subclause (II).
                            ``(II) For purposes of subclause 
                        (I), the State may include measures 
                        of--
                                    ``(III) student engagement;
                                    ``(IV) educator engagement;
                                    ``(V) student access to and 
                                completion of advanced 
                                coursework;
                                    ``(VI) postsecondary 
                                readiness;
                                    ``(VII) school climate and 
                                safety; and
                                    ``(VIII) any other 
                                indicator the State chooses 
                                that meets the requirements of 
                                this clause.
                    ``(C) Annual meaningful differentiation.--
                Establish a system of meaningfully 
                differentiating, on an annual basis, all public 
                schools in the State, which shall--
                            ``(i) be based on all indicators in 
                        the State's accountability system under 
                        subparagraph (B), for all students and 
                        for each of subgroup of students, 
                        consistent with the requirements of 
                        such subparagraph;
                            ``(ii) with respect to the 
                        indicators described in clauses (i) 
                        through (iv) of subparagraph (B) 
                        afford--
                                    ``(I) substantial weight to 
                                each such indicator; and
                                    ``(II) in the aggregate, 
                                much greater weight than is 
                                afforded to the indicator or 
                                indicators utilized by the 
                                State and described in 
                                subparagraph (B)(v), in the 
                                aggregate; and
                            ``(iii) include differentiation of 
                        any such school in which any subgroup 
                        of students is consistently 
                        underperforming, as determined by the 
                        State, based on all indicators under 
                        subparagraph (B) and the system 
                        established under this subparagraph.
                    ``(D) Identification of schools.--Based on 
                the system of meaningful differentiation 
                described in subparagraph (C), establish a 
                State-determined methodology to identify--
                            ``(i) beginning with school year 
                        2017-2018, and at least once every 
                        three school years thereafter, one 
                        statewide category of schools for 
                        comprehensive support and improvement, 
                        as described in subsection (d)(1), 
                        which shall include--
                                    ``(I) not less than the 
                                lowest-performing 5 percent of 
                                all schools receiving funds 
                                under this part in the State;
                                    ``(II) all public high 
                                schools in the State failing to 
                                graduate one third or more of 
                                their students; and
                                    ``(III) public schools in 
                                the State described under 
                                subsection (d)(3)(A)(i)(II); 
                                and
                            ``(ii) at the discretion of the 
                        State, additional statewide categories 
                        of schools.
                    ``(E) Annual measurement of achievement.--
                (i) Annually measure the achievement of not 
                less than 95 percent of all students, and 95 
                percent of all students in each subgroup of 
                students, who are enrolled in public schools on 
                the assessments described under subsection 
                (b)(2)(v)(I).
                    ``(ii) For the purpose of measuring, 
                calculating, and reporting on the indicator 
                described in subparagraph (B)(i), include in 
                the denominator the greater of--
                            ``(I) 95 percent of all such 
                        students, or 95 percent of all such 
                        students in the subgroup, as the case 
                        may be; or
                            ``(II) the number of students 
                        participating in the assessments.
                    ``(iii) Provide a clear and understandable 
                explanation of how the State will factor the 
                requirement of clause (i) of this subparagraph 
                into the statewide accountability system.
                    ``(F) Partial attendance.--(i) In the case 
                of a student who has not attended the same 
                school within a local educational agency for at 
                least half of a school year, the performance of 
                such student on the indicators described in 
                clauses (i), (ii), (iv), and (v) of 
                subparagraph (B)--
                            ``(I) may not be used in the system 
                        of meaningful differentiation of all 
                        public schools as described in 
                        subparagraph (C) for such school year; 
                        and
                            ``(II) shall be used for the 
                        purpose of reporting on the State and 
                        local educational agency report cards 
                        under subsection (h) for such school 
                        year.
                    ``(ii) In the case of a high school student 
                who has not attended the same school within a 
                local educational agency for at least half of a 
                school year and has exited high school without 
                a regular high school diploma and without 
                transferring to another high school that grants 
                a regular high school diploma during such 
                school year, the local educational agency 
                shall, in order to calculate the graduation 
                rate pursuant to subparagraph (B)(iii), assign 
                such student to the high school--
                            ``(I) at which such student was 
                        enrolled for the greatest proportion of 
                        school days while enrolled in grades 9 
                        through 12; or
                            ``(II) in which the student was 
                        most recently enrolled.
            ``(5) Accountability for charter schools.--The 
        accountability provisions under this Act shall be 
        overseen for charter schools in accordance with State 
        charter school law.
    ``(d) School Support and Improvement Activities.--
            ``(1) Comprehensive support and improvement.--
                    ``(A) In general.--Each State educational 
                agency receiving funds under this part shall 
                notify each local educational agency in the 
                State of any school served by the local 
                educational agency that is identified for 
                comprehensive support and improvement under 
                subsection (c)(4)(D)(i).
                    ``(B) Local educational agency action.--
                Upon receiving such information from the State, 
                the local educational agency shall, for each 
                school identified by the State and in 
                partnership with stakeholders (including 
                principals and other school leaders, teachers, 
                and parents), locally develop and implement a 
                comprehensive support and improvement plan for 
                the school to improve student outcomes, that--
                            ``(i) is informed by all indicators 
                        described in subsection (c)(4)(B), 
                        including student performance against 
                        State-determined long-term goals;
                            ``(ii) includes evidence-based 
                        interventions;
                            ``(iii) is based on a school-level 
                        needs assessment;
                            ``(iv) identifies resource 
                        inequities, which may include a review 
                        of local educational agency and school-
                        level budgeting, to be addressed 
                        through implementation of such 
                        comprehensive support and improvement 
                        plan;
                            ``(v) is approved by the school, 
                        local educational agency, and State 
                        educational agency; and
                            ``(vi) upon approval and 
                        implementation, is monitored and 
                        periodically reviewed by the State 
                        educational agency.
                    ``(C) State educational agency 
                discretion.--With respect to any high school in 
                the State identified under subsection 
                (c)(4)(D)(i)(II), the State educational agency 
                may--
                            ``(i) permit differentiated 
                        improvement activities that utilize 
                        evidence-based interventions in the 
                        case of such a school that 
                        predominantly serves students--
                                    ``(I) returning to 
                                education after having exited 
                                secondary school without a 
                                regular high school diploma; or
                                    ``(II) who, based on their 
                                grade or age, are significantly 
                                off track to accumulate 
                                sufficient academic credits to 
                                meet high school graduation 
                                requirements, as established by 
                                the State; and
                            ``(ii) in the case of such a school 
                        that has a total enrollment of less 
                        than 100 students, permit the local 
                        educational agency to forego 
                        implementation of improvement 
                        activities required under this 
                        paragraph.
                    ``(D) Public school choice.--
                            ``(i) In general.--A local 
                        educational agency may provide all 
                        students enrolled in a school 
                        identified by the State for 
                        comprehensive support and improvement 
                        under subsection (c)(4)(D)(i) with the 
                        option to transfer to another public 
                        school served by the local educational 
                        agency, unless such an option is 
                        prohibited by State law.
                            ``(ii) Priority.--In providing 
                        students the option to transfer to 
                        another public school, the local 
                        educational agency shall give priority 
                        to the lowest-achieving children from 
                        low-income families, as determined by 
                        the local educational agency for the 
                        purposes of allocating funds to schools 
                        under section 1113(a)(3).
                            ``(iii) Treatment.--A student who 
                        uses the option to transfer to another 
                        public school shall be enrolled in 
                        classes and other activities in the 
                        public school to which the student 
                        transfers in the same manner as all 
                        other students at the public school.
                            ``(iv) Special rule.--A local 
                        educational agency shall permit a 
                        student who transfers to another public 
                        school under this paragraph to remain 
                        in that school until the student has 
                        completed the highest grade in that 
                        school.
                            ``(v) Funding for transportation.--
                        A local educational agency may spend an 
                        amount equal to not more than 5 percent 
                        of its allocation under subpart 2 of 
                        this part to pay for the provision of 
                        transportation for students who 
                        transfer under this paragraph to the 
                        public schools to which the students 
                        transfer.
            ``(2) Targeted support and improvement.--
                    ``(A) In general.--Each State educational 
                agency receiving funds under this part shall, 
                using the meaningful differentiation of schools 
                described in subsection (c)(4)(C)--
                            ``(i) notify each local educational 
                        agency in the State of any school 
                        served by the local educational agency 
                        in which any subgroup of students is 
                        consistently underperforming, as 
                        described in subsection (c)(4)(C)(iii); 
                        and
                            ``(ii) ensure such local 
                        educational agency provides 
                        notification to such school with 
                        respect to which subgroup or subgroups 
                        of students in such school are 
                        consistently underperforming as 
                        described in subsection (c)(4)(C)(iii).
                    ``(B) Targeted support and improvement 
                plan.--Each school receiving a notification 
                described in this paragraph, in partnership 
                with stakeholders (including principals and 
                other school leaders, teachers and parents), 
                shall develop and implement a school-level 
                targeted support and improvement plan to 
                improve student outcomes based on the 
                indicators in the statewide accountability 
                system established under subsection (c)(4), for 
                each subgroup of students that was the subject 
                of notification that--
                            ``(i) is informed by all indicators 
                        described in subsection (c)(4)(B), 
                        including student performance against 
                        long-term goals;
                            ``(ii) includes evidence-based 
                        interventions;
                            ``(iii) is approved by the local 
                        educational agency prior to 
                        implementation of such plan;
                            ``(iv) is monitored, upon 
                        submission and implementation, by the 
                        local educational agency; and
                            ``(v) results in additional action 
                        following unsuccessful implementation 
                        of such plan after a number of years 
                        determined by the local educational 
                        agency.
                    ``(C) Additional targeted support.--A plan 
                described in subparagraph (B) that is developed 
                and implemented in any school receiving a 
                notification under this paragraph from the 
                local educational agency in which any subgroup 
                of students, on its own, would lead to 
                identification under subsection (c)(4)(D)(i)(I) 
                using the State's methodology under subsection 
                (c)(4)(D) shall also identify resource 
                inequities (which may include a review of local 
                educational agency and school level budgeting), 
                to be addressed through implementation of such 
                plan.
                    ``(D) Special rule.--The State educational 
                agency, based on the State's differentiation of 
                schools under subsection (c)(4)(C) for school 
                year 2017-2018, shall notify local educational 
                agencies of any schools served by the local 
                educational agency in which any subgroup of 
                students, on its own, would lead to 
                identification under subsection (c)(4)(D)(i)(I) 
                using the State's methodology under subsection 
                (c)(4)(D), after which notification of such 
                schools under this paragraph shall result from 
                differentiation of schools pursuant to 
                subsection (c)(4)(C)(iii).
            ``(3) Continued support for school and local 
        educational agency improvement.--To ensure continued 
        progress to improve student academic achievement and 
        school success in the State, the State educational 
        agency--
                    ``(A) shall--
                            ``(i) establish statewide exit 
                        criteria for--
                                    ``(I) schools identified by 
                                the State for comprehensive 
                                support and improvement under 
                                subsection (c)(4)(D)(i), which, 
                                if not satisfied within a 
                                State-determined number of 
                                years (not to exceed four 
                                years), shall result in more 
                                rigorous State-determined 
                                action, such as the 
                                implementation of interventions 
                                (which may include addressing 
                                school-level operations); and
                                    ``(II) schools described in 
                                paragraph (2)(C), which, if not 
                                satisfied within a State-
                                determined number of years, 
                                shall, in the case of such 
                                schools receiving assistance 
                                under this part, result in 
                                identification of the school by 
                                the State for comprehensive 
                                support and improvement under 
                                subsection (c)(4)(D)(i)(III);
                            ``(ii) periodically review resource 
                        allocation to support school 
                        improvement in each local educational 
                        agency in the State serving--
                                    ``(I) a significant number 
                                of schools identified for 
                                comprehensive support and 
                                improvement under subsection 
                                (c)(4)(D)(i); and
                                    ``(II) a significant number 
                                of schools implementing 
                                targeted support and 
                                improvement plans under 
                                paragraph (2); and
                            ``(iii) provide technical 
                        assistance to each local educational 
                        agency in the State serving a 
                        significant number of--
                                    ``(I) schools implementing 
                                comprehensive support and 
                                improvement plans under 
                                paragraph (1); or
                                    ``(II) schools implementing 
                                targeted support and 
                                improvement plans under 
                                paragraph (2); and
                    ``(B) may--
                            ``(i) take action to initiate 
                        additional improvement in any local 
                        educational agency with--
                                    ``(I) a significant number 
                                of schools that are 
                                consistently identified by the 
                                State for comprehensive support 
                                and improvement under 
                                subsection (c)(4)(D)(i) and not 
                                meeting exit criteria 
                                established by the State under 
                                subparagraph (A)(i)(I); or
                                    ``(II) a significant number 
                                of schools implementing 
                                targeted support and 
                                improvement plans under 
                                paragraph (2); and
                            ``(ii) consistent with State law, 
                        establish alternative evidence-based 
                        State determined strategies that can be 
                        used by local educational agencies to 
                        assist a school identified for 
                        comprehensive support and improvement 
                        under subsection (c)(4)(D)(i).
            ``(4) Rule of construction for collective 
        bargaining.--Nothing in this subsection shall be 
        construed to alter or otherwise affect the rights, 
        remedies, and procedures afforded to school or local 
        educational agency employees under Federal, State, or 
        local laws (including applicable regulations or court 
        orders) or under the terms of collective bargaining 
        agreements, memoranda of understanding, or other 
        agreements between such employers and their employees.
    ``(e) Prohibition.--
            ``(1) In general.--Nothing in this Act shall be 
        construed to authorize or permit the Secretary--
                    ``(A) when promulgating any rule or 
                regulation, to promulgate any rule or 
                regulation on the development or implementation 
                of the statewide accountability system 
                established under this section that would--
                            ``(i) add new requirements that are 
                        inconsistent with or outside the scope 
                        of this part;
                            ``(ii) add new criteria that are 
                        inconsistent with or outside the scope 
                        of this part; or
                            ``(iii) be in excess of statutory 
                        authority granted to the Secretary;
                    ``(B) as a condition of approval of the 
                State plan, or revisions or amendments to, the 
                State plan, or approval of a waiver request 
                submitted under section 8401, to--
                            ``(i) require a State to add any 
                        requirements that are inconsistent with 
                        or outside the scope of this part;
                            ``(ii) require a State to add or 
                        delete one or more specific elements of 
                        the challenging State academic 
                        standards; or
                            ``(iii) prescribe--
                                    ``(I) numeric long-term 
                                goals or measurements of 
                                interim progress that States 
                                establish for all students, for 
                                any subgroups of students, and 
                                for English learners with 
                                respect to English language 
                                proficiency, under this part, 
                                including--
                                            ``(aa) the length 
                                        of terms set by States 
                                        in designing such 
                                        goals; or
                                            ``(bb) the progress 
                                        expected from any 
                                        subgroups of students 
                                        in meeting such goals;
                                    ``(II) specific academic 
                                assessments or assessment items 
                                that States or local 
                                educational agencies use to 
                                meet the requirements of 
                                subsection (b)(2) or otherwise 
                                use to measure student academic 
                                achievement or student growth 
                                under this part;
                                    ``(III) indicators that 
                                States use within the State 
                                accountability system under 
                                this section, including any 
                                requirement to measure student 
                                growth, or, if a State chooses 
                                to measure student growth, the 
                                specific metrics used to 
                                measure such growth under this 
                                part;
                                    ``(IV) the weight of any 
                                measure or indicator used to 
                                identify or meaningfully 
                                differentiate schools, under 
                                this part;
                                    ``(V) the specific 
                                methodology used by States to 
                                meaningfully differentiate or 
                                identify schools under this 
                                part;
                                    ``(VI) any specific school 
                                support and improvement 
                                strategies or activities that 
                                State or local educational 
                                agencies establish and 
                                implement to intervene in, 
                                support, and improve schools 
                                and improve student outcomes 
                                under this part;
                                    ``(VII) exit criteria 
                                established by States under 
                                subsection (d)(3)(A)(i);
                                    ``(VIII) provided that the 
                                State meets the requirements in 
                                subsection (c)(3), a minimum 
                                number of students established 
                                by a State under such 
                                subsection;
                                    ``(IX) any aspect or 
                                parameter of a teacher, 
                                principal, or other school 
                                leader evaluation system within 
                                a State or local educational 
                                agency;
                                    ``(X) indicators or 
                                specific measures of teacher, 
                                principal, or other school 
                                leader effectiveness or 
                                quality; or
                                    ``(XI) the way in which the 
                                State factors the requirement 
                                under subsection (c)(4)(E)(i) 
                                into the statewide 
                                accountability system under 
                                this section; or
                    ``(C) to issue new non-regulatory guidance 
                that--
                            ``(i) in seeking to provide 
                        explanation of requirements under this 
                        section for State or local educational 
                        agencies, either in response to 
                        requests for information or in 
                        anticipation of such requests, provides 
                        a strictly limited or exhaustive list 
                        to illustrate successful implementation 
                        of provisions under this section; or
                            ``(ii) purports to be legally 
                        binding; or
                    ``(D) to require data collection under this 
                part beyond data derived from existing Federal, 
                State, and local reporting requirements.
            ``(2) Defining terms.--In carrying out this part, 
        the Secretary shall not, through regulation or as a 
        condition of approval of the State plan or revisions or 
        amendments to the State plan, promulgate a definition 
        of any term used in this part, or otherwise prescribe 
        any specification for any such term, that is 
        inconsistent with or outside the scope of this part or 
        is in violation of paragraph (1).
    ``(f) Existing State Law.--Nothing in this section shall be 
construed to alter any State law or regulation granting parents 
authority over schools that repeatedly failed to make adequate 
yearly progress under this part, as in effect on the day before 
the date of the enactment of the Every Student Succeeds Act.
    ``(g) Other Plan Provisions.--
            ``(1) Descriptions.--Each State plan shall 
        describe--
                    ``(A) how the State will provide assistance 
                to local educational agencies and individual 
                elementary schools choosing to use funds under 
                this part to support early childhood education 
                programs;
                    ``(B) how low-income and minority children 
                enrolled in schools assisted under this part 
                are not served at disproportionate rates by 
                ineffective, out-of-field, or inexperienced 
                teachers, and the measures the State 
                educational agency will use to evaluate and 
                publicly report the progress of the State 
                educational agency with respect to such 
                description (except that nothing in this 
                subparagraph shall be construed as requiring a 
                State to develop or implement a teacher, 
                principal, or other school leader evaluation 
                system);
                    ``(C) how the State educational agency will 
                support local educational agencies receiving 
                assistance under this part to improve school 
                conditions for student learning, including 
                through reducing--
                            ``(i) incidences of bullying and 
                        harassment;
                            ``(ii) the overuse of discipline 
                        practices that remove students from the 
                        classroom; and
                            ``(iii) the use of aversive 
                        behavioral interventions that 
                        compromise student health and safety;
                    ``(D) how the State will support local 
                educational agencies receiving assistance under 
                this part in meeting the needs of students at 
                all levels of schooling (particularly students 
                in the middle grades and high school), 
                including how the State will work with such 
                local educational agencies to provide effective 
                transitions of students to middle grades and 
                high school to decrease the risk of students 
                dropping out;
                    ``(E) the steps a State educational agency 
                will take to ensure collaboration with the 
                State agency responsible for administering the 
                State plans under parts B and E of title IV of 
                the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 621 et seq. 
                and 670 et seq.) to ensure the educational 
                stability of children in foster care, including 
                assurances that--
                            ``(i) any such child enrolls or 
                        remains in such child's school of 
                        origin, unless a determination is made 
                        that it is not in such child's best 
                        interest to attend the school of 
                        origin, which decision shall be based 
                        on all factors relating to the child's 
                        best interest, including consideration 
                        of the appropriateness of the current 
                        educational setting and the proximity 
                        to the school in which the child is 
                        enrolled at the time of placement;
                            ``(ii) when a determination is made 
                        that it is not in such child's best 
                        interest to remain in the school of 
                        origin, the child is immediately 
                        enrolled in a new school, even if the 
                        child is unable to produce records 
                        normally required for enrollment;
                            ``(iii) the enrolling school shall 
                        immediately contact the school last 
                        attended by any such child to obtain 
                        relevant academic and other records; 
                        and
                            ``(iv) the State educational agency 
                        will designate an employee to serve as 
                        a point of contact for child welfare 
                        agencies and to oversee implementation 
                        of the State agency responsibilities 
                        required under this subparagraph, and 
                        such point of contact shall not be the 
                        State's Coordinator for Education of 
                        Homeless Children and Youths under 
                        section 722(d)(3) of the McKinney-Vento 
                        Homeless Assistance Act (42 U.S.C. 
                        11432(d)(3));
                    ``(F) how the State educational agency will 
                provide support to local educational agencies 
                in the identification, enrollment, attendance, 
                and school stability of homeless children and 
                youths; and
                    ``(G) such other factors the State 
                educational agency determines appropriate to 
                provide students an opportunity to achieve the 
                knowledge and skills described in the 
                challenging State academic standards.
            ``(2) Assurances.--Each State plan shall contain 
        assurances that--
                    ``(A) the State will make public any 
                methods or criteria the State is using to 
                measure teacher, principal, or other school 
                leader effectiveness for the purpose of meeting 
                the requirements described in paragraph (1)(B);
                    ``(B) the State educational agency will 
                notify local educational agencies, Indian 
                tribes and tribal organizations, schools, 
                teachers, parents, and the public of the 
                challenging State academic standards, academic 
                assessments, and State accountability system, 
                developed under this section;
                    ``(C) the State educational agency will 
                assist each local educational agency and school 
                affected by the State plan to meet the 
                requirements of this part;
                    ``(D) the State will participate in the 
                biennial State academic assessments in reading 
                and mathematics in grades 4 and 8 of the 
                National Assessment of Educational Progress 
                carried out under section 303(b)(3) of the 
                National Assessment of Educational Progress 
                Authorization Act (20 U.S.C. 9622(b)(3)) if the 
                Secretary pays the costs of administering such 
                assessments;
                    ``(E) the State educational agency will 
                modify or eliminate State fiscal and accounting 
                barriers so that schools can easily consolidate 
                funds from other Federal, State, and local 
                sources to improve educational opportunities 
                and reduce unnecessary fiscal and accounting 
                requirements;
                    ``(F) the State educational agency will 
                support the collection and dissemination to 
                local educational agencies and schools of 
                effective parent and family engagement 
                strategies, including those included in the 
                parent and family engagement policy under 
                section 1116;
                    ``(G) the State educational agency will 
                provide the least restrictive and burdensome 
                regulations for local educational agencies and 
                individual schools participating in a program 
                assisted under this part;
                    ``(H) the State educational agency will 
                ensure that local educational agencies, in 
                developing and implementing programs under this 
                part, will, to the extent feasible, work in 
                consultation with outside intermediary 
                organizations (such as educational service 
                agencies), or individuals, that have practical 
                expertise in the development or use of 
                evidence-based strategies and programs to 
                improve teaching, learning, and schools;
                    ``(I) the State educational agency has 
                appropriate procedures and safeguards in place 
                to ensure the validity of the assessment 
                process;
                    ``(J) the State educational agency will 
                ensure that all teachers and paraprofessionals 
                working in a program supported with funds under 
                this part meet applicable State certification 
                and licensure requirements, including any 
                requirements for certification obtained through 
                alternative routes to certification;
                    ``(K) the State educational agency will 
                coordinate activities funded under this part 
                with other Federal activities as appropriate;
                    ``(L) the State educational agency has 
                involved the committee of practitioners 
                established under section 1603(b) in developing 
                the plan and monitoring its implementation;
                    ``(M) the State has professional standards 
                for paraprofessionals working in a program 
                supported with funds under this part, including 
                qualifications that were in place on the day 
                before the date of enactment of the Every 
                Student Succeeds Act; and
                    ``(N) the State educational agency will 
                provide the information described in clauses 
                (ii), (iii), and (vii) of subsection (h)(1)(C) 
                to the public in an easily accessible and user-
                friendly manner that can be cross-tabulated by, 
                at a minimum, each major racial and ethnic 
                group, gender, English proficiency status, and 
                children with or without disabilities, which--
                            ``(i) may be accomplished by 
                        including such information on the 
                        annual State report card described 
                        subsection (h)(1)(C); and
                            ``(ii) shall be presented in a 
                        manner that--
                                    ``(I) is first anonymized 
                                and does not reveal personally 
                                identifiable information about 
                                an individual student;
                                    ``(II) does not include a 
                                number of students in any 
                                subgroup of students that is 
                                insufficient to yield 
                                statistically reliable 
                                information or that would 
                                reveal personally identifiable 
                                information about an individual 
                                student; and
                                    ``(III) is consistent with 
                                the requirements of section 444 
                                of the General Education 
                                Provisions Act (20 U.S.C. 
                                1232g, commonly known as the 
                                `Family Educational Rights and 
                                Privacy Act of 1974').
            ``(3) Rules of construction.--Nothing in paragraph 
        (2)(N) shall be construed to--
                    ``(A) require groups of students obtained 
                by any entity that cross-tabulates the 
                information provided under such paragraph to be 
                considered subgroups of students, as defined in 
                subsection (c)(2), for the purposes of the 
                State accountability system under subsection 
                (c); or
                    ``(B) require or prohibit States or local 
                educational agencies from publicly reporting 
                data in a cross-tabulated manner, in order to 
                meet the requirements of paragraph (2)(N).
            ``(4) Technical assistance.--Upon request by a 
        State educational agency, the Secretary shall provide 
        technical assistance to such agency to--
                    ``(A) meet the requirements of paragraph 
                (2)(N); or
                    ``(B) in the case of a State educational 
                agency choosing, at its sole discretion, to 
                disaggregate data described in clauses (ii) and 
                (iii)(II) of subsection (h)(1)(C) for Asian and 
                Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander students 
                using the same race response categories as the 
                decennial census of the population, assist such 
                State educational agency in such disaggregation 
                and in using such data to improve academic 
                outcomes for such students.
    ``(h) Reports.--
            ``(1) Annual state report card.--
                    ``(A) In general.--A State that receives 
                assistance under this part shall prepare and 
                disseminate widely to the public an annual 
                State report card for the State as a whole that 
                meets the requirements of this paragraph.
                    ``(B) Implementation.--The State report 
                card required under this paragraph shall be--
                            ``(i) concise;
                            ``(ii) presented in an 
                        understandable and uniform format that 
                        is developed in consultation with 
                        parents and, to the extent practicable, 
                        in a language that parents can 
                        understand; and
                            ``(iii) widely accessible to the 
                        public, which shall include making 
                        available on a single webpage of the 
                        State educational agency's website, the 
                        State report card, all local 
                        educational agency report cards for 
                        each local educational agency in the 
                        State required under paragraph (2), and 
                        the annual report to the Secretary 
                        under paragraph (5).
                    ``(C) Minimum requirements.--Each State 
                report card required under this subsection 
                shall include the following information:
                            ``(i) A clear and concise 
                        description of the State's 
                        accountability system under subsection 
                        (c), including--
                                    ``(I) the minimum number of 
                                students that the State 
                                determines are necessary to be 
                                included in each of the 
                                subgroups of students, as 
                                defined in subsection (c)(2), 
                                for use in the accountability 
                                system;
                                    ``(II) the long-term goals 
                                and measurements of interim 
                                progress for all students and 
                                for each of the subgroups of 
                                students, as defined in 
                                subsection (c)(2);
                                    ``(III) the indicators 
                                described in subsection 
                                (c)(4)(B) used to meaningfully 
                                differentiate all public 
                                schools in the State;
                                    ``(IV) the State's system 
                                for meaningfully 
                                differentiating all public 
                                schools in the State, 
                                including--
                                            ``(aa) the specific 
                                        weight of the 
                                        indicators described in 
                                        subsection (c)(4)(B) in 
                                        such differentiation;
                                            ``(bb) the 
                                        methodology by which 
                                        the State 
                                        differentiates all such 
                                        schools;
                                            ``(cc) the 
                                        methodology by which 
                                        the State 
                                        differentiates a school 
                                        as consistently 
                                        underperforming for any 
                                        subgroup of students 
                                        described in section 
                                        (c)(4)(C)(iii), 
                                        including the time 
                                        period used by the 
                                        State to determine 
                                        consistent 
                                        underperformance; and
                                            ``(dd) the 
                                        methodology by which 
                                        the State identifies a 
                                        school for 
                                        comprehensive support 
                                        and improvement as 
                                        required under 
                                        subsection 
                                        (c)(4)(D)(i);
                                    ``(V) the number and names 
                                of all public schools in the 
                                State identified by the State 
                                for comprehensive support and 
                                improvement under subsection 
                                (c)(4)(D)(i) or implementing 
                                targeted support and 
                                improvement plans under 
                                subsection (d)(2); and
                                    ``(VI) the exit criteria 
                                established by the State as 
                                required under clause (i) of 
                                subsection (d)(3)(A), including 
                                the length of years established 
                                under clause (i)(II) of such 
                                subsection.
                            ``(ii) For all students and 
                        disaggregated by each subgroup of 
                        students described in subsection 
                        (b)(2)(B)(xi), homeless status, status 
                        as a child in foster care, and status 
                        as a student with a parent who is a 
                        member of the Armed Forces (as defined 
                        in section 101(a)(4) of title 10, 
                        United States Code) on active duty (as 
                        defined in section 101(d)(5) of such 
                        title), information on student 
                        achievement on the academic assessments 
                        described in subsection (b)(2) at each 
                        level of achievement, as determined by 
                        the State under subsection (b)(1).
                            ``(iii) For all students and 
                        disaggregated by each of the subgroups 
                        of students, as defined in subsection 
                        (c)(2), and for purposes of subclause 
                        (II) of this clause, homeless status 
                        and status as a child in foster care--
                                    ``(I) information on the 
                                performance on the other 
                                academic indicator under 
                                subsection (c)(4)(B)(ii) for 
                                public elementary schools and 
                                secondary schools that are not 
                                high schools, used by the State 
                                in the State accountability 
                                system; and
                                    ``(II) high school 
                                graduation rates, including 
                                four-year adjusted cohort 
                                graduation rates and, at the 
                                State's discretion, extended-
                                year adjusted cohort graduation 
                                rates.
                            ``(iv) Information on the number 
                        and percentage of English learners 
                        achieving English language proficiency.
                            ``(v) For all students and 
                        disaggregated by each of the subgroups 
                        of students, as defined in subsection 
                        (c)(2), information on the performance 
                        on the other indicator or indicators of 
                        school quality or student success under 
                        subsection (c)(4)(B)(v) used by the 
                        State in the State accountability 
                        system.
                            ``(vi) Information on the progress 
                        of all students and each subgroup of 
                        students, as defined in subsection 
                        (c)(2), toward meeting the State-
                        designed long term goals under 
                        subsection (c)(4)(A), including the 
                        progress of all students and each such 
                        subgroup of students against the State 
                        measurements of interim progress 
                        established under such subsection.
                            ``(vii) For all students and 
                        disaggregated by each subgroup of 
                        students described in subsection 
                        (b)(2)(B)(xi), the percentage of 
                        students assessed and not assessed.
                            ``(viii) Information submitted by 
                        the State educational agency and each 
                        local educational agency in the State, 
                        in accordance with data collection 
                        conducted pursuant to section 203(c)(1) 
                        of the Department of Education 
                        Organization Act (20 U.S.C. 
                        3413(c)(1)), on--
                                    ``(I) measures of school 
                                quality, climate, and safety, 
                                including rates of in-school 
                                suspensions, out-of-school 
                                suspensions, expulsions, 
                                school-related arrests, 
                                referrals to law enforcement, 
                                chronic absenteeism (including 
                                both excused and unexcused 
                                absences), incidences of 
                                violence, including bullying 
                                and harassment; and
                                    ``(II) the number and 
                                percentage of students enrolled 
                                in--
                                            ``(aa) preschool 
                                        programs; and
                                            ``(bb) accelerated 
                                        coursework to earn 
                                        postsecondary credit 
                                        while still in high 
                                        school, such as 
                                        Advanced Placement and 
                                        International 
                                        Baccalaureate courses 
                                        and examinations, and 
                                        dual or concurrent 
                                        enrollment programs.
                            ``(ix) The professional 
                        qualifications of teachers in the 
                        State, including information (that 
                        shall be presented in the aggregate and 
                        disaggregated by high-poverty compared 
                        to low-poverty schools) on the number 
                        and percentage of--
                                    ``(I) inexperienced 
                                teachers, principals, and other 
                                school leaders;
                                    ``(II) teachers teaching 
                                with emergency or provisional 
                                credentials; and
                                    ``(III) teachers who are 
                                not teaching in the subject or 
                                field for which the teacher is 
                                certified or licensed.
                            ``(x) The per-pupil expenditures of 
                        Federal, State, and local funds, 
                        including actual personnel expenditures 
                        and actual nonpersonnel expenditures of 
                        Federal, State, and local funds, 
                        disaggregated by source of funds, for 
                        each local educational agency and each 
                        school in the State for the preceding 
                        fiscal year.
                            ``(xi) The number and percentages 
                        of students with the most significant 
                        cognitive disabilities who take an 
                        alternate assessment under subsection 
                        (b)(2)(D), by grade and subject.
                            ``(xii) Results on the State 
                        academic assessments in reading and 
                        mathematics in grades 4 and 8 of the 
                        National Assessment of Educational 
                        Progress carried out under section 
                        303(b)(3) of the National Assessment of 
                        Educational Progress Authorization Act 
                        (20 U.S.C. 9622(b)(3)), compared to the 
                        national average of such results.
                            ``(xiii) Where available, for each 
                        high school in the State, and beginning 
                        with the report card prepared under 
                        this paragraph for 2017, the cohort 
                        rate (in the aggregate, and 
                        disaggregated for each subgroup of 
                        students defined in subsection (c)(2)), 
                        at which students who graduate from the 
                        high school enroll, for the first 
                        academic year that begins after the 
                        students' graduation--
                                    ``(I) in programs of public 
                                postsecondary education in the 
                                State; and
                                    ``(II) if data are 
                                available and to the extent 
                                practicable, in programs of 
                                private postsecondary education 
                                in the State or programs of 
                                postsecondary education outside 
                                the State.
                            ``(xiv) Any additional information 
                        that the State believes will best 
                        provide parents, students, and other 
                        members of the public with information 
                        regarding the progress of each of the 
                        State's public elementary schools and 
                        secondary schools, which may include 
                        the number and percentage of students 
                        attaining career and technical 
                        proficiencies (as defined by section 
                        113(b) of the Carl D. Perkins Career 
                        and Technical Education Act of 2006 (20 
                        U.S.C. 2323(b)) and reported by States 
                        only in a manner consistent with 
                        section 113(c) of such Act (20 U.S.C. 
                        2323(c)).
                    ``(D) Rules of construction.--Nothing in 
                subparagraph (C)(viii) shall be construed as 
                requiring--
                            ``(i) reporting of any data that 
                        are not collected in accordance with 
                        section 203(c)(1) of the Department of 
                        Education Organization Act (20 U.S.C. 
                        3413(c)(1); or
                            ``(ii) disaggregation of any data 
                        other than as required under subsection 
                        (b)(2)(B)(xi).
            ``(2) Annual local educational agency report 
        cards.--
                    ``(A) Preparation and dissemination.--A 
                local educational agency that receives 
                assistance under this part shall prepare and 
                disseminate an annual local educational agency 
                report card that includes information on such 
                agency as a whole and each school served by the 
                agency.
                    ``(B) Implementation.--Each local 
                educational agency report card shall be--
                            ``(i) concise;
                            ``(ii) presented in an 
                        understandable and uniform format, and 
                        to the extent practicable, in a 
                        language that parents can understand; 
                        and
                            ``(iii) accessible to the public, 
                        which shall include--
                                    ``(I) placing such report 
                                card on the website of the 
                                local educational agency; and
                                    ``(II) in any case in which 
                                a local educational agency does 
                                not operate a website, 
                                providing the information to 
                                the public in another manner 
                                determined by the local 
                                educational agency.
                    ``(C) Minimum requirements.--The State 
                educational agency shall ensure that each local 
                educational agency collects appropriate data 
                and includes in the local educational agency's 
                annual report the information described in 
                paragraph (1)(C), disaggregated in the same 
                manner as required under such paragraph, except 
                for clause (xii) of such paragraph, as applied 
                to the local educational agency and each school 
                served by the local educational agency, 
                including--
                            ``(i) in the case of a local 
                        educational agency, information that 
                        shows how students served by the local 
                        educational agency achieved on the 
                        academic assessments described in 
                        subsection (b)(2) compared to students 
                        in the State as a whole;
                            ``(ii) in the case of a school, 
                        information that shows how the school's 
                        students' achievement on the academic 
                        assessments described in subsection 
                        (b)(2) compared to students served by 
                        the local educational agency and the 
                        State as a whole; and
                            ``(iii) any other information that 
                        the local educational agency determines 
                        is appropriate and will best provide 
                        parents, students, and other members of 
                        the public with information regarding 
                        the progress of each public school 
                        served by the local educational agency, 
                        whether or not such information is 
                        included in the annual State report 
                        card.
                    ``(D) Additional information.--In the case 
                of a local educational agency that issues a 
                report card for all students, the local 
                educational agency may include the information 
                under this section as part of such report.
            ``(3) Preexisting report cards.--A State 
        educational agency or local educational agency may use 
        public report cards on the performance of students, 
        schools, local educational agencies, or the State, that 
        were in effect prior to the date of enactment of the 
        Every Student Succeeds Act for the purpose of this 
        subsection, so long as any such report card is 
        modified, as may be needed, to contain the information 
        required by this subsection, and protects the privacy 
        of individual students.
            ``(4) Cost reduction.--Each State educational 
        agency and local educational agency receiving 
        assistance under this part shall, wherever possible, 
        take steps to reduce data collection costs and 
        duplication of effort by obtaining the information 
        required under this subsection through existing data 
        collection efforts.
            ``(5) Annual state report to the secretary.--Each 
        State educational agency receiving assistance under 
        this part shall report annually to the Secretary, and 
        make widely available within the State--
                    ``(A) information on the achievement of 
                students on the academic assessments required 
                by subsection (b)(2), including the 
                disaggregated results for the subgroups of 
                students as defined in subsection (c)(2);
                    ``(B) information on the acquisition of 
                English proficiency by English learners;
                    ``(C) the number and names of each public 
                school in the State--
                            ``(i) identified for comprehensive 
                        support and improvement under 
                        subsection (c)(4)(D)(i); and
                            ``(ii) implementing targeted 
                        support and improvement plans under 
                        subsection (d)(2); and
                    ``(D) information on the professional 
                qualifications of teachers in the State, 
                including information on the number and the 
                percentage of the following teachers:
                            ``(i) Inexperienced teachers.
                            ``(ii) Teachers teaching with 
                        emergency or provisional credentials.
                            ``(iii) Teachers who are not 
                        teaching in the subject or field for 
                        which the teacher is certified or 
                        licensed.
            ``(6) Report to congress.--The Secretary shall 
        transmit annually to the Committee on Education and the 
        Workforce of the House of Representatives and the 
        Committee on Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions of 
        the Senate a report that provides national and State-
        level data on the information collected under paragraph 
        (5). Such report shall be submitted through electronic 
        means only.
    ``(i) Privacy.--
            ``(1) In general.--Information collected or 
        disseminated under this section (including any 
        information collected for or included in the reports 
        described in subsection (h)) shall be collected and 
        disseminated in a manner that protects the privacy of 
        individuals consistent with section 444 of the General 
        Education Provisions Act (20 U.S.C. 1232g, commonly 
        known as the `Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act 
        of 1974') and this Act.
            ``(2) Sufficiency.--The reports described in 
        subsection (h) shall only include data that are 
        sufficient to yield statistically reliable information.
            ``(3) Disaggregation.--Disaggregation under this 
        section shall not be required if such disaggregation 
        will reveal personally identifiable information about 
        any student, teacher, principal, or other school 
        leader, or will provide data that are insufficient to 
        yield statistically reliable information.
    ``(j) Voluntary Partnerships.--A State retains the right to 
enter into a voluntary partnership with another State to 
develop and implement the challenging State academic standards 
and assessments required under this section, except that the 
Secretary shall not attempt to influence, incentivize, or 
coerce State--
            ``(1) adoption of the Common Core State Standards 
        developed under the Common Core State Standards 
        Initiative or any other academic standards common to a 
        significant number of States, or assessments tied to 
        such standards; or
            ``(2) participation in such partnerships.
    ``(k) Special Rule With Respect to Bureau-Funded Schools.--
In determining the assessments to be used by each school 
operated or funded by the Bureau of Indian Education receiving 
funds under this part, the following shall apply until the 
requirements of section 8204(c) have been met:
            ``(1) Each such school that is accredited by the 
        State in which it is operating shall use the 
        assessments and other academic indicators the State has 
        developed and implemented to meet the requirements of 
        this section, or such other appropriate assessment and 
        academic indicators as approved by the Secretary of the 
        Interior.
            ``(2) Each such school that is accredited by a 
        regional accrediting organization (in consultation with 
        and with the approval of the Secretary of the Interior, 
        and consistent with assessments and academic indicators 
        adopted by other schools in the same State or region) 
        shall adopt an appropriate assessment and other 
        academic indicators that meet the requirements of this 
        section.
            ``(3) Each such school that is accredited by a 
        tribal accrediting agency or tribal division of 
        education shall use an assessment and other academic 
        indicators developed by such agency or division, except 
        that the Secretary of the Interior shall ensure that 
        such assessment and academic indicators meet the 
        requirements of this section.
    ``(l) Construction.--Nothing in this part shall be 
construed to prescribe the use of the academic assessments 
described in this part for student promotion or graduation 
purposes.''.

SEC. 1006. LOCAL EDUCATIONAL AGENCY PLANS.

    Section 1112 (20 U.S.C. 6312) is amended to read as 
follows:

``SEC. 1112. LOCAL EDUCATIONAL AGENCY PLANS.

    ``(a) Plans Required.--
            ``(1) Subgrants.--A local educational agency may 
        receive a subgrant under this part for any fiscal year 
        only if such agency has on file with the State 
        educational agency a plan, approved by the State 
        educational agency, that--
                    ``(A) is developed with timely and 
                meaningful consultation with teachers, 
                principals, other school leaders, 
                paraprofessionals, specialized instructional 
                support personnel, charter school leaders (in a 
                local educational agency that has charter 
                schools), administrators (including 
                administrators of programs described in other 
                parts of this title), other appropriate school 
                personnel, and with parents of children in 
                schools served under this part; and
                    ``(B) as appropriate, is coordinated with 
                other programs under this Act, the Individuals 
                with Disabilities Education Act (20 U.S.C. 1400 
                et seq.), the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 (20 
                U.S.C. 701 et seq.), the Carl D. Perkins Career 
                and Technical Education Act of 2006 (20 U.S.C. 
                2301 et seq.), the Workforce Innovation and 
                Opportunity Act (29 U.S.C. 3101 et seq.), the 
                Head Start Act (42 U.S.C. 9831 et seq.), the 
                McKinney-Vento Homeless Assistance Act (42 
                U.S.C. 11301 et seq.), the Adult Education and 
                Family Literacy Act (29 U.S.C. 3271 et seq.), 
                and other Acts as appropriate.
            ``(2) Consolidated application.--The plan may be 
        submitted as part of a consolidated application under 
        section 8305.
            ``(3) State approval.--
                    ``(A) In general.--Each local educational 
                agency plan shall be filed according to a 
                schedule established by the State educational 
                agency.
                    ``(B) Approval.--The State educational 
                agency shall approve a local educational 
                agency's plan only if the State educational 
                agency determines that the local educational 
                agency's plan--
                            ``(i) provides that schools served 
                        under this part substantially help 
                        children served under this part meet 
                        the challenging State academic 
                        standards; and
                            ``(ii) meets the requirements of 
                        this section.
            ``(4) Duration.--Each local educational agency plan 
        shall be submitted for the first year for which this 
        part is in effect following the date of enactment of 
        the Every Student Succeeds Act and shall remain in 
        effect for the duration of the agency's participation 
        under this part.
            ``(5) Review.--Each local educational agency shall 
        periodically review and, as necessary, revise its plan.
            ``(6) Rule of construction.--Consultation required 
        under paragraph (1)(A) shall not interfere with the 
        timely submission of the plan required under this 
        section.
    ``(b) Plan Provisions.--To ensure that all children receive 
a high-quality education, and to close the achievement gap 
between children meeting the challenging State academic 
standards and those children who are not meeting such 
standards, each local educational agency plan shall describe--
            ``(1) how the local educational agency will monitor 
        students' progress in meeting the challenging State 
        academic standards by--
                    ``(A) developing and implementing a well-
                rounded program of instruction to meet the 
                academic needs of all students;
                    ``(B) identifying students who may be at 
                risk for academic failure;
                    ``(C) providing additional educational 
                assistance to individual students the local 
                educational agency or school determines need 
                help in meeting the challenging State academic 
                standards; and
                    ``(D) identifying and implementing 
                instructional and other strategies intended to 
                strengthen academic programs and improve school 
                conditions for student learning;
            ``(2) how the local educational agency will 
        identify and address, as required under State plans as 
        described in section 1111(g)(1)(B), any disparities 
        that result in low-income students and minority 
        students being taught at higher rates than other 
        students by ineffective, inexperienced, or out-of-field 
        teachers;
            ``(3) how the local educational agency will carry 
        out its responsibilities under paragraphs (1) and (2) 
        of section 1111(d);
            ``(4) the poverty criteria that will be used to 
        select school attendance areas under section 1113;
            ``(5) in general, the nature of the programs to be 
        conducted by such agency's schools under sections 1114 
        and 1115 and, where appropriate, educational services 
        outside such schools for children living in local 
        institutions for neglected or delinquent children, and 
        for neglected and delinquent children in community day 
        school programs;
            ``(6) the services the local educational agency 
        will provide homeless children and youths, including 
        services provided with funds reserved under section 
        1113(c)(3)(A), to support the enrollment, attendance, 
        and success of homeless children and youths, in 
        coordination with the services the local educational 
        agency is providing under the McKinney-Vento Homeless 
        Assistance Act (42 U.S.C. 11301 et seq.);
            ``(7) the strategy the local educational agency 
        will use to implement effective parent and family 
        engagement under section 1116;
            ``(8) if applicable, how the local educational 
        agency will support, coordinate, and integrate services 
        provided under this part with early childhood education 
        programs at the local educational agency or individual 
        school level, including plans for the transition of 
        participants in such programs to local elementary 
        school programs;
            ``(9) how teachers and school leaders, in 
        consultation with parents, administrators, 
        paraprofessionals, and specialized instructional 
        support personnel, in schools operating a targeted 
        assistance school program under section 1115, will 
        identify the eligible children most in need of services 
        under this part;
            ``(10) how the local educational agency will 
        implement strategies to facilitate effective 
        transitions for students from middle grades to high 
        school and from high school to postsecondary education 
        including, if applicable--
                    ``(A) through coordination with 
                institutions of higher education, employers, 
                and other local partners; and
                    ``(B) through increased student access to 
                early college high school or dual or concurrent 
                enrollment opportunities, or career counseling 
                to identify student interests and skills;
            ``(11) how the local educational agency will 
        support efforts to reduce the overuse of discipline 
        practices that remove students from the classroom, 
        which may include identifying and supporting schools 
        with high rates of discipline, disaggregated by each of 
        the subgroups of students, as defined in section 
        1111(c)(2);
            ``(12) if determined appropriate by the local 
        educational agency, how such agency will support 
        programs that coordinate and integrate--
                    ``(A) academic and career and technical 
                education content through coordinated 
                instructional strategies, that may incorporate 
                experiential learning opportunities and promote 
                skills attainment important to in-demand 
                occupations or industries in the State; and
                    ``(B) work-based learning opportunities 
                that provide students in-depth interaction with 
                industry professionals and, if appropriate, 
                academic credit; and
            ``(13) any other information on how the local 
        educational agency proposes to use funds to meet the 
        purposes of this part, and that the local educational 
        agency determines appropriate to provide, which may 
        include how the local educational agency will--
                    ``(A) assist schools in identifying and 
                serving gifted and talented students; and
                    ``(B) assist schools in developing 
                effective school library programs to provide 
                students an opportunity to develop digital 
                literacy skills and improve academic 
                achievement.
    ``(c) Assurances.--Each local educational agency plan shall 
provide assurances that the local educational agency will--
            ``(1) ensure that migratory children and formerly 
        migratory children who are eligible to receive services 
        under this part are selected to receive such services 
        on the same basis as other children who are selected to 
        receive services under this part;
            ``(2) provide services to eligible children 
        attending private elementary schools and secondary 
        schools in accordance with section 1117, and timely and 
        meaningful consultation with private school officials 
        regarding such services;
            ``(3) participate, if selected, in the National 
        Assessment of Educational Progress in reading and 
        mathematics in grades 4 and 8 carried out under section 
        303(b)(3) of the National Assessment of Educational 
        Progress Authorization Act (20 U.S.C. 9622(b)(3));
            ``(4) coordinate and integrate services provided 
        under this part with other educational services at the 
        local educational agency or individual school level, 
        such as services for English learners, children with 
        disabilities, migratory children, American Indian, 
        Alaska Native, and Native Hawaiian children, and 
        homeless children and youths, in order to increase 
        program effectiveness, eliminate duplication, and 
        reduce fragmentation of the instructional program;
            ``(5) collaborate with the State or local child 
        welfare agency to--
                    ``(A) designate a point of contact if the 
                corresponding child welfare agency notifies the 
                local educational agency, in writing, that the 
                agency has designated an employee to serve as a 
                point of contact for the local educational 
                agency; and
                    ``(B) by not later than 1 year after the 
                date of enactment of the Every Student Succeeds 
                Act, develop and implement clear written 
                procedures governing how transportation to 
                maintain children in foster care in their 
                school of origin when in their best interest 
                will be provided, arranged, and funded for the 
                duration of the time in foster care, which 
                procedures shall--
                            ``(i) ensure that children in 
                        foster care needing transportation to 
                        the school of origin will promptly 
                        receive transportation in a cost-
                        effective manner and in accordance with 
                        section 475(4)(A) of the Social 
                        Security Act (42 U.S.C. 675(4)(A)); and
                            ``(ii) ensure that, if there are 
                        additional costs incurred in providing 
                        transportation to maintain children in 
                        foster care in their schools of origin, 
                        the local educational agency will 
                        provide transportation to the school of 
                        origin if--
                                    ``(I) the local child 
                                welfare agency agrees to 
                                reimburse the local educational 
                                agency for the cost of such 
                                transportation;
                                    ``(II) the local 
                                educational agency agrees to 
                                pay for the cost of such 
                                transportation; or
                                    ``(III) the local 
                                educational agency and the 
                                local child welfare agency 
                                agree to share the cost of such 
                                transportation; and
            ``(6) ensure that all teachers and 
        paraprofessionals working in a program supported with 
        funds under this part meet applicable State 
        certification and licensure requirements, including any 
        requirements for certification obtained through 
        alternative routes to certification; and
            ``(7) in the case of a local educational agency 
        that chooses to use funds under this part to provide 
        early childhood education services to low-income 
        children below the age of compulsory school attendance, 
        ensure that such services comply with the performance 
        standards established under section 641A(a) of the Head 
        Start Act (42 U.S.C. 9836a(a)).
    ``(d) Special Rule.--For local educational agencies using 
funds under this part for the purposes described in subsection 
(c)(7), the Secretary shall--
            ``(1) consult with the Secretary of Health and 
        Human Services and establish procedures (taking into 
        consideration existing State and local laws, and local 
        teacher contracts) to assist local educational agencies 
        to comply with such subsection; and
            ``(2) disseminate to local educational agencies the 
        education performance standards in effect under section 
        641A(a) of the Head Start Act (42 U.S.C. 9836a(a)), and 
        such agencies affected by such subsection (c)(7) shall 
        plan to comply with such subsection (taking into 
        consideration existing State and local laws, and local 
        teacher contracts), including by pursuing the 
        availability of other Federal, State, and local funding 
        sources to assist with such compliance.
    ``(e) Parents Right-to-know.--
            ``(1) Information for parents.--
                    ``(A) In general.--At the beginning of each 
                school year, a local educational agency that 
                receives funds under this part shall notify the 
                parents of each student attending any school 
                receiving funds under this part that the 
                parents may request, and the agency will 
                provide the parents on request (and in a timely 
                manner), information regarding the professional 
                qualifications of the student's classroom 
                teachers, including at a minimum, the 
                following:
                            ``(i) Whether the student's 
                        teacher--
                                    ``(I) has met State 
                                qualification and licensing 
                                criteria for the grade levels 
                                and subject areas in which the 
                                teacher provides instruction;
                                    ``(II) is teaching under 
                                emergency or other provisional 
                                status through which State 
                                qualification or licensing 
                                criteria have been waived; and
                                    ``(III) is teaching in the 
                                field of discipline of the 
                                certification of the teacher.
                            ``(ii) Whether the child is 
                        provided services by paraprofessionals 
                        and, if so, their qualifications.
                    ``(B) Additional information.--In addition 
                to the information that parents may request 
                under subparagraph (A), a school that receives 
                funds under this part shall provide to each 
                individual parent of a child who is a student 
                in such school, with respect to such student--
                            ``(i) information on the level of 
                        achievement and academic growth of the 
                        student, if applicable and available, 
                        on each of the State academic 
                        assessments required under this part; 
                        and
                            ``(ii) timely notice that the 
                        student has been assigned, or has been 
                        taught for 4 or more consecutive weeks 
                        by, a teacher who does not meet 
                        applicable State certification or 
                        licensure requirements at the grade 
                        level and subject area in which the 
                        teacher has been assigned.
            ``(2) Testing transparency.--
                    ``(A) In general.--At the beginning of each 
                school year, a local educational agency that 
                receives funds under this part shall notify the 
                parents of each student attending any school 
                receiving funds under this part that the 
                parents may request, and the local educational 
                agency will provide the parents on request (and 
                in a timely manner), information regarding any 
                State or local educational agency policy 
                regarding student participation in any 
                assessments mandated by section 1111(b)(2) and 
                by the State or local educational agency, which 
                shall include a policy, procedure, or parental 
                right to opt the child out of such assessment, 
                where applicable.
                    ``(B) Additional information.--Subject to 
                subparagraph (C), each local educational agency 
                that receives funds under this part shall make 
                widely available through public means 
                (including by posting in a clear and easily 
                accessible manner on the local educational 
                agency's website and, where practicable, on the 
                website of each school served by the local 
                educational agency) for each grade served by 
                the local educational agency, information on 
                each assessment required by the State to comply 
                with section 1111, other assessments required 
                by the State, and where such information is 
                available and feasible to report, assessments 
                required districtwide by the local educational 
                agency, including--
                            ``(i) the subject matter assessed;
                            ``(ii) the purpose for which the 
                        assessment is designed and used;
                            ``(iii) the source of the 
                        requirement for the assessment; and
                            ``(iv) where such information is 
                        available--
                                    ``(I) the amount of time 
                                students will spend taking the 
                                assessment, and the schedule 
                                for the assessment; and
                                    ``(II) the time and format 
                                for disseminating results.
                    ``(C) Local educational agency that does 
                not operate a website.--In the case of a local 
                educational agency that does not operate a 
                website, such local educational agency shall 
                determine how to make the information described 
                in subparagraph (A) widely available, such as 
                through distribution of that information to the 
                media, through public agencies, or directly to 
                parents.
            ``(3) Language instruction.--
                    ``(A) Notice.--Each local educational 
                agency using funds under this part or title III 
                to provide a language instruction educational 
                program as determined under title III shall, 
                not later than 30 days after the beginning of 
                the school year, inform parents of an English 
                learner identified for participation or 
                participating in such a program, of--
                            ``(i) the reasons for the 
                        identification of their child as an 
                        English learner and in need of 
                        placement in a language instruction 
                        educational program;
                            ``(ii) the child's level of English 
                        proficiency, how such level was 
                        assessed, and the status of the child's 
                        academic achievement;
                            ``(iii) the methods of instruction 
                        used in the program in which their 
                        child is, or will be, participating and 
                        the methods of instruction used in 
                        other available programs, including how 
                        such programs differ in content, 
                        instructional goals, and the use of 
                        English and a native language in 
                        instruction;
                            ``(iv) how the program in which 
                        their child is, or will be, 
                        participating will meet the educational 
                        strengths and needs of their child;
                            ``(v) how such program will 
                        specifically help their child learn 
                        English and meet age-appropriate 
                        academic achievement standards for 
                        grade promotion and graduation;
                            ``(vi) the specific exit 
                        requirements for the program, including 
                        the expected rate of transition from 
                        such program into classrooms that are 
                        not tailored for English learners, and 
                        the expected rate of graduation from 
                        high school (including four-year 
                        adjusted cohort graduation rates and 
                        extended-year adjusted cohort 
                        graduation rates for such program) if 
                        funds under this part are used for 
                        children in high schools;
                            ``(vii) in the case of a child with 
                        a disability, how such program meets 
                        the objectives of the individualized 
                        education program of the child, as 
                        described in section 614(d) of the 
                        Individuals with Disabilities Education 
                        Act (20 U.S.C. 1414(d)); and
                            ``(viii) information pertaining to 
                        parental rights that includes written 
                        guidance--
                                    ``(I) detailing the right 
                                that parents have to have their 
                                child immediately removed from 
                                such program upon their 
                                request;
                                    ``(II) detailing the 
                                options that parents have to 
                                decline to enroll their child 
                                in such program or to choose 
                                another program or method of 
                                instruction, if available; and
                                    ``(III) assisting parents 
                                in selecting among various 
                                programs and methods of 
                                instruction, if more than 1 
                                program or method is offered by 
                                the eligible entity.
                    ``(B) Special rule applicable during the 
                school year.--For those children who have not 
                been identified as English learners prior to 
                the beginning of the school year but are 
                identified as English learners during such 
                school year, the local educational agency shall 
                notify the children's parents during the first 
                2 weeks of the child being placed in a language 
                instruction educational program consistent with 
                subparagraph (A).
                    ``(C) Parental participation.--
                            ``(i) In general.--Each local 
                        educational agency receiving funds 
                        under this part shall implement an 
                        effective means of outreach to parents 
                        of English learners to inform the 
                        parents regarding how the parents can--
                                    ``(I) be involved in the 
                                education of their children; 
                                and
                                    ``(II) be active 
                                participants in assisting their 
                                children to--
                                            ``(aa) attain 
                                        English proficiency;
                                            ``(bb) achieve at 
                                        high levels within a 
                                        well-rounded education; 
                                        and
                                            ``(cc) meet the 
                                        challenging State 
                                        academic standards 
                                        expected of all 
                                        students.
                            ``(ii) Regular meetings.--
                        Implementing an effective means of 
                        outreach to parents under clause (i) 
                        shall include holding, and sending 
                        notice of opportunities for, regular 
                        meetings for the purpose of formulating 
                        and responding to recommendations from 
                        parents of students assisted under this 
                        part or title III.
                    ``(D) Basis for admission or exclusion.--A 
                student shall not be admitted to, or excluded 
                from, any federally assisted education program 
                on the basis of a surname or language-minority 
                status.
            ``(4) Notice and format.--The notice and 
        information provided to parents under this subsection 
        shall be in an understandable and uniform format and, 
        to the extent practicable, provided in a language that 
        the parents can understand.''.

SEC. 1007. ELIGIBLE SCHOOL ATTENDANCE AREAS.

    Section 1113 (20 U.S.C. 6313) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)--
                    (A) by striking paragraph (3) and inserting 
                the following:
            ``(3) Ranking order.--
                    ``(A) Ranking.--Except as provided in 
                subparagraph (B), if funds allocated in 
                accordance with subsection (c) are insufficient 
                to serve all eligible school attendance areas, 
                a local educational agency shall--
                            ``(i) annually rank, without regard 
                        to grade spans, such agency's eligible 
                        school attendance areas in which the 
                        concentration of children from low-
                        income families exceeds 75 percent from 
                        highest to lowest according to the 
                        percentage of children from low-income 
                        families; and
                            ``(ii) serve such eligible school 
                        attendance areas in rank order.
                    ``(B) Exception.--A local educational 
                agency may lower the threshold in subparagraph 
                (A)(i) to 50 percent for high schools served by 
                such agency.''; and
                    (B) by striking paragraph (5) and inserting 
                the following:
            ``(5) Measures.--
                    ``(A) In general.--Except as provided in 
                subparagraph (B), a local educational agency 
                shall use the same measure of poverty, which 
                measure shall be the number of children aged 5 
                through 17 in poverty counted in the most 
                recent census data approved by the Secretary, 
                the number of children eligible for a free or 
                reduced price lunch under the Richard B. 
                Russell National School Lunch Act (42 U.S.C. 
                1751 et seq.), the number of children in 
                families receiving assistance under the State 
                program funded under part A of title IV of the 
                Social Security Act, or the number of children 
                eligible to receive medical assistance under 
                the Medicaid Program, or a composite of such 
                indicators, with respect to all school 
                attendance areas in the local educational 
                agency--
                            ``(i) to identify eligible school 
                        attendance areas;
                            ``(ii) to determine the ranking of 
                        each area; and
                            ``(iii) to determine allocations 
                        under subsection (c).
                    ``(B) Secondary schools.--For measuring the 
                number of students in low-income families in 
                secondary schools, the local educational agency 
                shall use the same measure of poverty, which 
                shall be--
                            ``(i) the measure described under 
                        subparagraph (A); or
                            ``(ii) subject to meeting the 
                        conditions of subparagraph (C), an 
                        accurate estimate of the number of 
                        students in low-income families in a 
                        secondary school that is calculated by 
                        applying the average percentage of 
                        students in low-income families of the 
                        elementary school attendance areas as 
                        calculated under subparagraph (A) that 
                        feed into the secondary school to the 
                        number of students enrolled in such 
                        school.
                    ``(C) Measure of poverty.--The local 
                educational agency shall have the option to use 
                the measure of poverty described in 
                subparagraph (B)(ii) after--
                            ``(i) conducting outreach to 
                        secondary schools within such agency to 
                        inform such schools of the option to 
                        use such measure; and
                            ``(ii) a majority of such schools 
                        have approved the use of such 
                        measure.'';
            (2) in subsection (b)(1)(D)(i), by striking 
        ``section 1120A(c)'' and inserting ``section 1118(c)''; 
        and 
            (3) in subsection (c)--
                    (A) by striking paragraph (3) and inserting 
                the following:
            ``(3) Reservation of funds.--
                    ``(A) In general.--A local educational 
                agency shall reserve such funds as are 
                necessary under this part, determined in 
                accordance with subparagraphs (B) and (C), to 
                provide services comparable to those provided 
                to children in schools funded under this part 
                to serve--
                            ``(i) homeless children and youths, 
                        including providing educationally 
                        related support services to children in 
                        shelters and other locations where 
                        children may live;
                            ``(ii) children in local 
                        institutions for neglected children; 
                        and
                            ``(iii) if appropriate, children in 
                        local institutions for delinquent 
                        children, and neglected or delinquent 
                        children in community day programs.
                    ``(B) Method of determination.--The share 
                of funds determined under subparagraph (A) 
                shall be determined--
                            ``(i) based on the total allocation 
                        received by the local educational 
                        agency; and
                            ``(ii) prior to any allowable 
                        expenditures or transfers by the local 
                        educational agency.
                    ``(C) Homeless children and youths.--Funds 
                reserved under subparagraph (A)(i) may be--
                            ``(i) determined based on a needs 
                        assessment of homeless children and 
                        youths in the local educational agency, 
                        taking into consideration the number 
                        and needs of homeless children and 
                        youths in the local educational agency, 
                        and which needs assessment may be the 
                        same needs assessment as conducted 
                        under section 723(b)(1) of the 
                        McKinney-Vento Homeless Assistance Act 
                        (42 U.S.C. 11433(b)(1)); and
                            ``(ii) used to provide homeless 
                        children and youths with services not 
                        ordinarily provided to other students 
                        under this part, including providing--
                                    ``(I) funding for the 
                                liaison designated pursuant to 
                                section 722(g)(1)(J)(ii) of 
                                such Act (42 U.S.C. 
                                11432(g)(1)(J)(ii)); and
                                    ``(II) transportation 
                                pursuant to section 
                                722(g)(1)(J)(iii) of such Act 
                                (42 U.S.C. 
                                11432(g)(1)(J)(iii)).'';
                    (B) in paragraph (4), by striking ``school 
                improvement, corrective action, and 
                restructuring under section 1116(b)'' and 
                inserting ``comprehensive support and 
                improvement activities or targeted support and 
                improvement activities under section 1111(d)''; 
                and
                    (C) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(5) Early childhood education.--A local 
        educational agency may reserve funds made available to 
        carry out this section to provide early childhood 
        education programs for eligible children.''.

SEC. 1008. SCHOOLWIDE PROGRAMS.

    Section 1114 (20 U.S.C. 6314) is amended--
            (1) by striking subsection (a) and inserting the 
        following:
    ``(a) In General.--
            ``(1) Use of funds for schoolwide programs.--
                    ``(A) Eligibility.--A local educational 
                agency may consolidate and use funds under this 
                part, together with other Federal, State, and 
                local funds, in order to upgrade the entire 
                educational program of a school that serves an 
                eligible school attendance area in which not 
                less than 40 percent of the children are from 
                low-income families, or not less than 40 
                percent of the children enrolled in the school 
                are from such families.
                    ``(B) Exception.--A school that serves an 
                eligible school attendance area in which less 
                than 40 percent of the children are from low-
                income families, or a school for which less 
                than 40 percent of the children enrolled in the 
                school are from such families, may operate a 
                schoolwide program under this section if the 
                school receives a waiver from the State 
                educational agency to do so, after taking into 
                account how a schoolwide program will best 
                serve the needs of the students in the school 
                served under this part in improving academic 
                achievement and other factors.
            ``(2) Identification of students not required.--
                    ``(A) In general.--No school participating 
                in a schoolwide program shall be required to 
                identify--
                            ``(i) particular children under 
                        this part as eligible to participate in 
                        a schoolwide program; or
                            ``(ii) individual services as 
                        supplementary.
                    ``(B) Supplemental funds.--In accordance 
                with the method of determination described in 
                section 1118(b)(2), a school participating in a 
                schoolwide program shall use funds available to 
                carry out this section only to supplement the 
                amount of funds that would, in the absence of 
                funds under this part, be made available from 
                non-Federal sources for the school, including 
                funds needed to provide services that are 
                required by law for children with disabilities 
                and English learners.
            ``(3) Exemption from statutory and regulatory 
        requirements.--
                    ``(A) Exemption.--Except as provided in 
                paragraph (2), the Secretary may, through 
                publication of a notice in the Federal 
                Register, exempt schoolwide programs under this 
                section from statutory or regulatory provisions 
                of any other noncompetitive formula grant 
                program administered by the Secretary (other 
                than formula or discretionary grant programs 
                under the Individuals with Disabilities 
                Education Act (20 U.S.C. 1400 et seq.), except 
                as provided in section 613(a)(2)(D) of such Act 
                (20 U.S.C. 1413(a)(2)(D))), or any 
                discretionary grant program administered by the 
                Secretary, to support schoolwide programs if 
                the intent and purposes of such other programs 
                are met.
                    ``(B) Requirements.--A school that chooses 
                to use funds from such other programs shall not 
                be relieved of the requirements relating to 
                health, safety, civil rights, student and 
                parental participation and involvement, 
                services to private school children, 
                comparability of services, maintenance of 
                effort, uses of Federal funds to supplement, 
                not supplant non-Federal funds (in accordance 
                with the method of determination described in 
                section 1118(b)(2)), or the distribution of 
                funds to State educational agencies or local 
                educational agencies that apply to the receipt 
                of funds from such programs.
                    ``(C) Records.--A school that chooses to 
                consolidate and use funds from different 
                Federal programs under this section shall not 
                be required to maintain separate fiscal 
                accounting records, by program, that identify 
                the specific activities supported by those 
                particular funds as long as the school 
                maintains records that demonstrate that the 
                schoolwide program, considered as a whole, 
                addresses the intent and purposes of each of 
                the Federal programs that were consolidated to 
                support the schoolwide program.'';
            (2) by striking subsection (b) and inserting the 
        following:
    ``(b) Schoolwide Program Plan.--An eligible school 
operating a schoolwide program shall develop a comprehensive 
plan (or amend a plan for such a program that was in existence 
on the day before the date of the enactment of the Every 
Student Succeeds Act) that--
            ``(1) is developed during a 1-year period, unless--
                    ``(A) the local educational agency 
                determines, in consultation with the school, 
                that less time is needed to develop and 
                implement the schoolwide program; or
                    ``(B) the school is operating a schoolwide 
                program on the day before the date of the 
                enactment of the Every Student Succeeds Act, in 
                which case such school may continue to operate 
                such program, but shall develop amendments to 
                its existing plan during the first year of 
                assistance after that date to reflect the 
                provisions of this section;
            ``(2) is developed with the involvement of parents 
        and other members of the community to be served and 
        individuals who will carry out such plan, including 
        teachers, principals, other school leaders, 
        paraprofessionals present in the school, administrators 
        (including administrators of programs described in 
        other parts of this title), the local educational 
        agency, to the extent feasible, tribes and tribal 
        organizations present in the community, and, if 
        appropriate, specialized instructional support 
        personnel, technical assistance providers, school 
        staff, if the plan relates to a secondary school, 
        students, and other individuals determined by the 
        school;
            ``(3) remains in effect for the duration of the 
        school's participation under this part, except that the 
        plan and its implementation shall be regularly 
        monitored and revised as necessary based on student 
        needs to ensure that all students are provided 
        opportunities to meet the challenging State academic 
        standards;
            ``(4) is available to the local educational agency, 
        parents, and the public, and the information contained 
        in such plan shall be in an understandable and uniform 
        format and, to the extent practicable, provided in a 
        language that the parents can understand; and
            ``(5) if appropriate and applicable, is developed 
        in coordination and integration with other Federal, 
        State, and local services, resources, and programs, 
        such as programs supported under this Act, violence 
        prevention programs, nutrition programs, housing 
        programs, Head Start programs, adult education 
        programs, career and technical education programs, and 
        schools implementing comprehensive support and 
        improvement activities or targeted support and 
        improvement activities under section 1111(d);
            ``(6) is based on a comprehensive needs assessment 
        of the entire school that takes into account 
        information on the academic achievement of children in 
        relation to the challenging State academic standards, 
        particularly the needs of those children who are 
        failing, or are at-risk of failing, to meet the 
        challenging State academic standards and any other 
        factors as determined by the local educational agency; 
        and
            ``(7) includes a description of--
                    ``(A) the strategies that the school will 
                be implementing to address school needs, 
                including a description of how such strategies 
                will--
                            ``(i) provide opportunities for all 
                        children, including each of the 
                        subgroups of students (as defined in 
                        section 1111(c)(2)) to meet the 
                        challenging State academic standards;
                            ``(ii) use methods and 
                        instructional strategies that 
                        strengthen the academic program in the 
                        school, increase the amount and quality 
                        of learning time, and help provide an 
                        enriched and accelerated curriculum, 
                        which may include programs, activities, 
                        and courses necessary to provide a 
                        well-rounded education; and
                            ``(iii) address the needs of all 
                        children in the school, but 
                        particularly the needs of those at risk 
                        of not meeting the challenging State 
                        academic standards, through activities 
                        which may include--
                                    ``(I) counseling, school-
                                based mental health programs, 
                                specialized instructional 
                                support services, mentoring 
                                services, and other strategies 
                                to improve students' skills 
                                outside the academic subject 
                                areas;
                                    ``(II) preparation for and 
                                awareness of opportunities for 
                                postsecondary education and the 
                                workforce, which may include 
                                career and technical education 
                                programs and broadening 
                                secondary school students' 
                                access to coursework to earn 
                                postsecondary credit while 
                                still in high school (such as 
                                Advanced Placement, 
                                International Baccalaureate, 
                                dual or concurrent enrollment, 
                                or early college high schools);
                                    ``(III) implementation of a 
                                schoolwide tiered model to 
                                prevent and address problem 
                                behavior, and early intervening 
                                services, coordinated with 
                                similar activities and services 
                                carried out under the 
                                Individuals with Disabilities 
                                Education Act (20 U.S.C. 1400 
                                et seq.);
                                    ``(IV) professional 
                                development and other 
                                activities for teachers, 
                                paraprofessionals, and other 
                                school personnel to improve 
                                instruction and use of data 
                                from academic assessments, and 
                                to recruit and retain effective 
                                teachers, particularly in high-
                                need subjects; and
                                    ``(V) strategies for 
                                assisting preschool children in 
                                the transition from early 
                                childhood education programs to 
                                local elementary school 
                                programs; and
                    ``(B) if programs are consolidated, the 
                specific State educational agency and local 
                educational agency programs and other Federal 
                programs that will be consolidated in the 
                schoolwide program.'';
            (3) by striking subsection (c) and inserting the 
        following:
    ``(c) Preschool Programs.--A school that operates a 
schoolwide program under this section may use funds available 
under this part to establish or enhance preschool programs for 
children who are under 6 years of age.
    ``(d) Delivery of Services.--The services of a schoolwide 
program under this section may be delivered by nonprofit or 
for-profit external providers with expertise in using evidence-
based or other effective strategies to improve student 
achievement.
    ``(e) Use of Funds for Dual or Concurrent Enrollment 
Programs.--
            ``(1) In general.--A secondary school operating a 
        schoolwide program under this section may use funds 
        received under this part to operate dual or concurrent 
        enrollment programs that address the needs of low-
        achieving secondary school students and those at risk 
        of not meeting the challenging State academic 
        standards.
            ``(2) Flexibility of funds.--A secondary school 
        using funds received under this part for a dual or 
        concurrent enrollment program described in paragraph 
        (1) may use such funds for any of the costs associated 
        with such program, including the costs of--
                    ``(A) training for teachers, and joint 
                professional development for teachers in 
                collaboration with career and technical 
                educators and educators from institutions of 
                higher education, where appropriate, for the 
                purpose of integrating rigorous academics in 
                such program;
                    ``(B) tuition and fees, books, required 
                instructional materials for such program, and 
                innovative delivery methods; and
                    ``(C) transportation to and from such 
                program.
            ``(3) Rule of construction.--Nothing in this 
        subsection shall be construed to impose on any State 
        any requirement or rule regarding dual or concurrent 
        enrollment programs that is inconsistent with State 
        law.''.

SEC. 1009. TARGETED ASSISTANCE SCHOOLS.

    Section 1115 (20 U.S.C. 6315) is amended--
            (1) by striking subsection (a) and inserting the 
        following:
    ``(a) In General.--In all schools selected to receive funds 
under section 1113(c) that are ineligible for a schoolwide 
program under section 1114, have not received a waiver under 
section 1114(a)(1)(B) to operate such a schoolwide program, or 
choose not to operate such a schoolwide program, a local 
educational agency serving such school may use funds received 
under this part only for programs that provide services to 
eligible children under subsection (c) identified as having the 
greatest need for special assistance.'';
            (2) by redesignating subsections (b) and (c) as 
        subsections (c) and (b), respectively, and moving those 
        redesignated subsections so as to appear in 
        alphabetical order;
            (3) by striking subsection (b), as redesignated by 
        paragraph (2), and inserting the following:
    ``(b) Targeted Assistance School Program.--To assist 
targeted assistance schools and local educational agencies to 
meet their responsibility to provide for all their students 
served under this part the opportunity to meet the challenging 
State academic standards, each targeted assistance program 
under this section shall--
            ``(1) determine which students will be served;
            ``(2) serve participating students identified as 
        eligible children under subsection (c), including by--
                    ``(A) using resources under this part to 
                help eligible children meet the challenging 
                State academic standards, which may include 
                programs, activities, and academic courses 
                necessary to provide a well-rounded education;
                    ``(B) using methods and instructional 
                strategies to strengthen the academic program 
                of the school through activities, which may 
                include--
                            ``(i) expanded learning time, 
                        before- and after-school programs, and 
                        summer programs and opportunities; and
                            ``(ii) a schoolwide tiered model to 
                        prevent and address behavior problems, 
                        and early intervening services, 
                        coordinated with similar activities and 
                        services carried out under the 
                        Individuals with Disabilities Education 
                        Act (20 U.S.C. 1400 et seq.);
                    ``(C) coordinating with and supporting the 
                regular education program, which may include 
                services to assist preschool children in the 
                transition from early childhood education 
                programs such as Head Start, the literacy 
                program under subpart 2 of part B of title II, 
                or State-run preschool programs to elementary 
                school programs;
                    ``(D) providing professional development 
                with resources provided under this part, and, 
                to the extent practicable, from other sources, 
                to teachers, principals, other school leaders, 
                paraprofessionals, and, if appropriate, 
                specialized instructional support personnel, 
                and other school personnel who work with 
                eligible children in programs under this 
                section or in the regular education program;
                    ``(E) implementing strategies to increase 
                the involvement of parents of eligible children 
                in accordance with section 1116; and
                    ``(F) if appropriate and applicable, 
                coordinating and integrating Federal, State, 
                and local services and programs, such as 
                programs supported under this Act, violence 
                prevention programs, nutrition programs, 
                housing programs, Head Start programs, adult 
                education programs, career and technical 
                education programs, and comprehensive support 
                and improvement activities or targeted support 
                and improvement activities under section 
                1111(d); and
                    ``(G) provide to the local educational 
                agency assurances that the school will--
                            ``(i) help provide an accelerated, 
                        high-quality curriculum;
                            ``(ii) minimize the removal of 
                        children from the regular classroom 
                        during regular school hours for 
                        instruction provided under this part; 
                        and
                            ``(iii) on an ongoing basis, review 
                        the progress of eligible children and 
                        revise the targeted assistance program 
                        under this section, if necessary, to 
                        provide additional assistance to enable 
                        such children to meet the challenging 
                        State academic standards.'';
            (4) in subsection (c), as redesignated by paragraph 
        (2)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1)(B)--
                            (i) by striking ``the State's 
                        challenging student academic 
                        achievement standards'' and inserting 
                        ``the challenging State academic 
                        standards''; and
                            (ii) by striking ``such criteria as 
                        teacher judgment, interviews with 
                        parents, and developmentally 
                        appropriate measures'' and inserting 
                        ``criteria, including objective 
                        criteria, established by the local 
                        educational agency and supplemented by 
                        the school''; and
                    (B) in paragraph (2)--
                            (i) in subparagraph (A), by 
                        striking ``limited English proficient 
                        children'' and inserting ``English 
                        learners'';
                            (ii) in subparagraph (B)--
                                    (I) by striking the heading 
                                and inserting ``head start and 
                                preschool children''; and
                                    (II) by striking ``Head 
                                Start, Even Start, or Early 
                                Reading First program,'' and 
                                inserting ``Head Start program, 
                                the literacy program under 
                                subpart 2 of part B of title 
                                II,''; and
                            (iii) in subparagraph (C), by 
                        striking the heading and inserting 
                        ``migrant children'';
            (5) in subsection (e)--
                    (A) in paragraph (2)(B)--
                            (i) by striking ``and'' at the end 
                        of clause (ii);
                            (ii) by redesignating clause (iii) 
                        as clause (v); and
                            (iii) by inserting after clause 
                        (ii) the following new clauses:
                            ``(iii) family support and 
                        engagement services;
                            ``(iv) integrated student supports; 
                        and''; and
                            (iv) in clause (v), as redesignated 
                        by clause (iii), by striking ``pupil 
                        services'' and inserting ``specialized 
                        instructional support''; and
                    (B) by striking paragraph (3); and
            (6) by adding at the end the following:
    ``(f) Use of Funds for Dual or Concurrent Enrollment 
Programs.--A secondary school operating a targeted assistance 
program under this section may use funds received under this 
part to provide dual or concurrent enrollment program services 
described under section 1114(e) to eligible children under 
subsection (c)(1)(B) who are identified as having the greatest 
need for special assistance.
    ``(g) Prohibition.--Nothing in this section shall be 
construed to authorize the Secretary or any other officer or 
employee of the Federal Government to require a local 
educational agency or school to submit the results of a 
comprehensive needs assessment or plan under section 1114(b), 
or a program described in subsection (b), for review or 
approval by the Secretary.
    ``(h) Delivery of Services.--The services of a targeted 
assistance program under this section may be delivered by 
nonprofit or for-profit external providers with expertise in 
using evidence-based or other effective strategies to improve 
student achievement.''.

SEC. 1010. PARENT AND FAMILY ENGAGEMENT.

    Section 1116, as redesignated by section 1000(2), is 
amended--
            (1) in the section heading, by striking ``PARENTAL 
        INVOLVEMENT'' and inserting ``PARENT AND FAMILY 
        ENGAGEMENT'';
            (2) in subsection (a)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1)--
                            (i) by inserting ``conducts 
                        outreach to all parents and family 
                        members and'' after ``only if such 
                        agency''; and
                            (ii) by inserting ``and family 
                        members'' after ``and procedures for 
                        the involvement of parents'';
                    (B) in paragraph (2)--
                            (i) in the matter preceding 
                        subparagraph (A)--
                                    (I) by inserting ``and 
                                family members'' after ``, and 
                                distribute to, parents'';
                                    (II) by striking ``written 
                                parent involvement policy'' and 
                                inserting ``written parent and 
                                family engagement policy''; and
                                    (III) by striking 
                                ``expectations for parent 
                                involvement'' and inserting 
                                ``expectations and objectives 
                                for meaningful parent and 
                                family involvement''; and
                            (ii) by striking subparagraphs (A) 
                        through (F) and inserting the 
                        following:
                    ``(A) involve parents and family members in 
                jointly developing the local educational agency 
                plan under section 1112, and the development of 
                support and improvement plans under paragraphs 
                (1) and (2) of section 1111(d).
                    ``(B) provide the coordination, technical 
                assistance, and other support necessary to 
                assist and build the capacity of all 
                participating schools within the local 
                educational agency in planning and implementing 
                effective parent and family involvement 
                activities to improve student academic 
                achievement and school performance, which may 
                include meaningful consultation with employers, 
                business leaders, and philanthropic 
                organizations, or individuals with expertise in 
                effectively engaging parents and family members 
                in education;
                    ``(C) coordinate and integrate parent and 
                family engagement strategies under this part 
                with parent and family engagement strategies, 
                to the extent feasible and appropriate, with 
                other relevant Federal, State, and local laws 
                and programs;
                    ``(D) conduct, with the meaningful 
                involvement of parents and family members, an 
                annual evaluation of the content and 
                effectiveness of the parent and family 
                engagement policy in improving the academic 
                quality of all schools served under this part, 
                including identifying--
                            ``(i) barriers to greater 
                        participation by parents in activities 
                        authorized by this section (with 
                        particular attention to parents who are 
                        economically disadvantaged, are 
                        disabled, have limited English 
                        proficiency, have limited literacy, or 
                        are of any racial or ethnic minority 
                        background);
                            ``(ii) the needs of parents and 
                        family members to assist with the 
                        learning of their children, including 
                        engaging with school personnel and 
                        teachers; and
                            ``(iii) strategies to support 
                        successful school and family 
                        interactions;
                    ``(E) use the findings of such evaluation 
                in subparagraph (D) to design evidence-based 
                strategies for more effective parental 
                involvement, and to revise, if necessary, the 
                parent and family engagement policies described 
                in this section; and
                    ``(F) involve parents in the activities of 
                the schools served under this part, which may 
                include establishing a parent advisory board 
                comprised of a sufficient number and 
                representative group of parents or family 
                members served by the local educational agency 
                to adequately represent the needs of the 
                population served by such agency for the 
                purposes of developing, revising, and reviewing 
                the parent and family engagement policy.''; and
                    (C) in paragraph (3)--
                            (i) by striking subparagraph (A) 
                        and inserting the following:
                    ``(A) In general.--Each local educational 
                agency shall reserve at least 1 percent of its 
                allocation under subpart 2 to assist schools to 
                carry out the activities described in this 
                section, except that this subparagraph shall 
                not apply if 1 percent of such agency's 
                allocation under subpart 2 for the fiscal year 
                for which the determination is made is $5,000 
                or less. Nothing in this subparagraph shall be 
                construed to limit local educational agencies 
                from reserving more than 1 percent of its 
                allocation under subpart 2 to assist schools to 
                carry out activities described in this 
                section.'';
                            (ii) in subparagraph (B), by 
                        striking ``(B) Parental input.--Parents 
                        of children'' and inserting ``(B) 
                        Parent and family member input.--
                        Parents and family members of 
                        children'';
                            (iii) in subparagraph (C)--
                                    (I) by striking ``95 
                                percent'' and inserting ``90 
                                percent''; and
                                    (II) by inserting ``, with 
                                priority given to high-need 
                                schools'' after ``schools 
                                served under this part''; and
                            (iv) by adding at the end the 
                        following:
                    ``(D) Use of funds.--Funds reserved under 
                subparagraph (A) by a local educational agency 
                shall be used to carry out activities and 
                strategies consistent with the local 
                educational agency's parent and family 
                engagement policy, including not less than 1 of 
                the following:
                            ``(i) Supporting schools and 
                        nonprofit organizations in providing 
                        professional development for local 
                        educational agency and school personnel 
                        regarding parent and family engagement 
                        strategies, which may be provided 
                        jointly to teachers, principals, other 
                        school leaders, specialized 
                        instructional support personnel, 
                        paraprofessionals, early childhood 
                        educators, and parents and family 
                        members.
                            ``(ii) Supporting programs that 
                        reach parents and family members at 
                        home, in the community, and at school.
                            ``(iii) Disseminating information 
                        on best practices focused on parent and 
                        family engagement, especially best 
                        practices for increasing the engagement 
                        of economically disadvantaged parents 
                        and family members.
                            ``(iv) Collaborating, or providing 
                        subgrants to schools to enable such 
                        schools to collaborate, with community-
                        based or other organizations or 
                        employers with a record of success in 
                        improving and increasing parent and 
                        family engagement.
                            ``(v) Engaging in any other 
                        activities and strategies that the 
                        local educational agency determines are 
                        appropriate and consistent with such 
                        agency's parent and family engagement 
                        policy.'';
            (3) in subsection (b)--
                    (A) in the subsection heading, by striking 
                ``Parental Involvement Policy'' and inserting 
                ``Parent and Family Engagement Policy'';
                    (B) in paragraph (1)--
                            (i) by inserting ``and family 
                        members'' after ``distribute to, 
                        parents''; and
                            (ii) by striking ``written parental 
                        involvement policy'' and inserting 
                        ``written parent and family engagement 
                        policy'';
                    (C) in paragraph (2)--
                            (i) by striking ``parental 
                        involvement policy'' and inserting 
                        ``parent and family engagement 
                        policy''; and
                            (ii) by inserting ``and family 
                        members'' after ``that applies to all 
                        parents''; and
                    (D) in paragraph (3)--
                            (i) by striking ``parental 
                        involvement policy'' and inserting 
                        ``parent and family engagement 
                        policy''; and
                            (ii) by inserting ``and family 
                        members in all schools served by the 
                        local educational agency'' after 
                        ``policy that applies to all parents'';
            (4) in subsection (c)--
                    (A) in paragraph (3)--
                            (i) by striking ``parental 
                        involvement policy'' and inserting 
                        ``parent and family engagement 
                        policy''; and
                            (ii) by striking ``1114(b)(2)'' and 
                        inserting ``1114(b)'';
                    (B) in paragraph (4)(B), by striking ``the 
                proficiency levels students are expected to 
                meet'' and inserting ``the achievement levels 
                of the challenging State academic standards''; 
                and
                    (C) in paragraph (5), by striking 
                ``1114(b)(2)'' and inserting ``1114(b)'';
            (5) in subsection (d)--
                    (A) in the matter preceding paragraph (1), 
                by striking ``parental involvement policy'' and 
                inserting ``parent and family engagement 
                policy'';
                    (B) in paragraph (1)--
                            (i) by striking ``the State's 
                        student academic achievement 
                        standards'' and inserting ``the 
                        challenging State academic standards''; 
                        and
                            (ii) by striking ``, such as 
                        monitoring attendance, homework 
                        completion, and television watching''; 
                        and
                    (C) in paragraph (2)--
                            (i) in subparagraph (B), by 
                        striking ``and'' after the semicolon;
                            (ii) in subparagraph (C), by 
                        striking the period and inserting ``; 
                        and''; and
                            (iii) by adding at the end the 
                        following:
                    ``(D) ensuring regular two-way, meaningful 
                communication between family members and school 
                staff, and, to the extent practicable, in a 
                language that family members can understand.'';
            (6) in subsection (e)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1), by striking ``the 
                State's academic content standards and State 
                student academic achievement standards'' and 
                inserting ``the challenging State academic 
                standards'';
                    (B) in paragraph (2), by striking 
                ``technology'' and inserting ``technology 
                (including education about the harms of 
                copyright piracy)'';
                    (C) in paragraph (3), by striking ``pupil 
                services personnel, principals'' and inserting 
                ``specialized instructional support personnel, 
                principals, and other school leaders''; and
                    (D) in paragraph (4), by striking ``Head 
                Start, Reading First, Early Reading First, Even 
                Start, the Home Instruction Programs for 
                Preschool Youngsters, the Parents as Teachers 
                Program, and public preschool and other 
                programs,'' and inserting ``other Federal, 
                State, and local programs, including public 
                preschool programs,'';
            (7) by striking subsection (f) and inserting the 
        following:
    ``(f) Accessibility.--In carrying out the parent and family 
engagement requirements of this part, local educational 
agencies and schools, to the extent practicable, shall provide 
opportunities for the informed participation of parents and 
family members (including parents and family members who have 
limited English proficiency, parents and family members with 
disabilities, and parents and family members of migratory 
children), including providing information and school reports 
required under section 1111 in a format and, to the extent 
practicable, in a language such parents understand.'';
            (8) by striking subsection (g) and inserting the 
        following:
    ``(g) Family Engagement in Education Programs.--In a State 
operating a program under part E of title IV, each local 
educational agency or school that receives assistance under 
this part shall inform parents and organizations of the 
existence of the program.''; and
            (9) in subsection (h), by striking ``parental 
        involvement policies'' and inserting ``parent and 
        family engagement policies''.

SEC. 1011. PARTICIPATION OF CHILDREN ENROLLED IN PRIVATE SCHOOLS.

    Section 1117, as redesignated by section 1000(3), is 
amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)--
                    (A) by striking paragraph (1) and inserting 
                the following:
            ``(1) In general.--To the extent consistent with 
        the number of eligible children identified under 
        section 1115(c) in the school district served by a 
        local educational agency who are enrolled in private 
        elementary schools and secondary schools, a local 
        educational agency shall--
                    ``(A) after timely and meaningful 
                consultation with appropriate private school 
                officials, provide such children, on an 
                equitable basis and individually or in 
                combination, as requested by the officials to 
                best meet the needs of such children, special 
                educational services, instructional services 
                (including evaluations to determine the 
                progress being made in meeting such students' 
                academic needs), counseling, mentoring, one-on-
                one tutoring, or other benefits under this part 
                (such as dual or concurrent enrollment, 
                educational radio and television, computer 
                equipment and materials, other technology, and 
                mobile educational services and equipment) that 
                address their needs; and
                    ``(B) ensure that teachers and families of 
                the children participate, on an equitable 
                basis, in services and activities developed 
                pursuant to section 1116.'';
                    (B) by striking paragraph (3) and inserting 
                the following:
            ``(3) Equity.--
                    ``(A) In general.--Educational services and 
                other benefits for such private school children 
                shall be equitable in comparison to services 
                and other benefits for public school children 
                participating under this part, and shall be 
                provided in a timely manner.
                    ``(B) Ombudsman.--To help ensure such 
                equity for such private school children, 
                teachers, and other educational personnel, the 
                State educational agency involved shall 
                designate an ombudsman to monitor and enforce 
                the requirements of this part.'';
                    (C) by striking paragraph (4) and inserting 
                the following:
            ``(4) Expenditures.--
                    ``(A) Determination.--
                            ``(i) In general.--Expenditures for 
                        educational services and other benefits 
                        to eligible private school children 
                        shall be equal to the proportion of 
                        funds allocated to participating school 
                        attendance areas based on the number of 
                        children from low-income families who 
                        attend private schools.
                            ``(ii) Proportional share.--The 
                        proportional share of funds shall be 
                        determined based on the total amount of 
                        funds received by the local educational 
                        agency under this part prior to any 
                        allowable expenditures or transfers by 
                        the local educational agency.
                    ``(B) Obligation of funds.--Funds allocated 
                to a local educational agency for educational 
                services and other benefits to eligible private 
                school children shall be obligated in the 
                fiscal year for which the funds are received by 
                the agency.
                    ``(C) Notice of allocation.--Each State 
                educational agency shall provide notice in a 
                timely manner to the appropriate private school 
                officials in the State of the allocation of 
                funds for educational services and other 
                benefits under this part that the local 
                educational agencies have determined are 
                available for eligible private school children.
                    ``(D) Term of determination.--The local 
                educational agency may determine the equitable 
                share under subparagraph (A) each year or every 
                2 years.''; and
                    (D) in paragraph (5), by striking 
                ``agency'' and inserting ``agency, or, in a 
                case described in subsection (b)(6)(C), the 
                State educational agency involved,'';
            (2) in subsection (b)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1)--
                            (i) in the matter preceding 
                        subparagraph (A), by striking ``part,'' 
                        and inserting ``part. Such agency and 
                        private school officials shall both 
                        have the goal of reaching agreement on 
                        how to provide equitable and effective 
                        programs for eligible private school 
                        children, the results of which 
                        agreement shall be transmitted to the 
                        ombudsman designated under subsection 
                        (a)(3)(B). Such process shall include 
                        consultation'';
                            (ii) in subparagraph (E)--
                                    (I) by striking ``and'' 
                                before ``the proportion of 
                                funds'';
                                    (II) by striking ``(a)(4)'' 
                                and inserting ``(a)(4)(A)'' ; 
                                and
                                    (III) by inserting ``, and 
                                how that proportion of funds is 
                                determined'' after ``such 
                                services'';
                            (iii) in subparagraph (G), by 
                        striking ``and'' after the semicolon;
                            (iv) in subparagraph (H), by 
                        striking the period at the end and 
                        inserting a semicolon; and
                            (v) by adding at the end the 
                        following:
                    ``(I) whether the agency shall provide 
                services directly or through a separate 
                government agency, consortium, entity, or 
                third-party contractor;
                    ``(J) whether to provide equitable services 
                to eligible private school children--
                            ``(i) by creating a pool or pools 
                        of funds with all of the funds 
                        allocated under subsection (a)(4)(A) 
                        based on all the children from low-
                        income families in a participating 
                        school attendance area who attend 
                        private schools; or
                            ``(ii) in the agency's 
                        participating school attendance area 
                        who attend private schools with the 
                        proportion of funds allocated under 
                        subsection (a)(4)(A) based on the 
                        number of children from low-income 
                        families who attend private schools;
                    ``(K) when, including the approximate time 
                of day, services will be provided; and
                    ``(L) whether to consolidate and use funds 
                provided under subsection (a)(4) in 
                coordination with eligible funds available for 
                services to private school children under 
                applicable programs, as defined in section 
                8501(b)(1)to provide services to eligible 
                private school children participating in 
                programs.'';
                    (B) by redesignating paragraphs (2) through 
                (5) as paragraphs (3) through (6), 
                respectively;
                    (C) by inserting after paragraph (1) the 
                following:
            ``(2) Disagreement.--If a local educational agency 
        disagrees with the views of private school officials 
        with respect to an issue described in paragraph (1), 
        the local educational agency shall provide in writing 
        to such private school officials the reasons why the 
        local educational agency disagrees.'';
                    (D) in paragraph (5) (as redesignated by 
                subparagraph (B))--
                            (i) by inserting ``meaningful'' 
                        before ``consultation'' in the first 
                        sentence;
                            (ii) by inserting ``The written 
                        affirmation shall provide the option 
                        for private school officials to 
                        indicate such officials' belief that 
                        timely and meaningful consultation has 
                        not occurred or that the program design 
                        is not equitable with respect to 
                        eligible private school children.'' 
                        after ``occurred.''; and
                            (iii) by striking ``has taken 
                        place'' and inserting ``has, or 
                        attempts at such consultation have, 
                        taken place''; and
                    (E) in paragraph (6) (as redesignated by 
                subparagraph (B))--
                            (i) in subparagraph (A)--
                                    (I) by striking ``right to 
                                complain to'' and inserting 
                                ``right to file a complaint 
                                with'';
                                    (II) by inserting 
                                ``asserting'' after ``State 
                                educational agency'';
                                    (III) by striking ``or'' 
                                before ``did not give due 
                                consideration''; and
                                    (IV) by inserting ``, or 
                                did not make a decision that 
                                treats the private school 
                                students equitably as required 
                                by this section'' before the 
                                period at the end;
                            (ii) in subparagraph (B), by 
                        striking ``to complain,'' and inserting 
                        ``to file a complaint,''; and
                            (iii) by adding at the end the 
                        following:
                    ``(C) State educational agencies.--A State 
                educational agency shall provide services under 
                this section directly or through contracts with 
                public or private agencies, organizations, or 
                institutions, if the appropriate private school 
                officials have--
                            ``(i) requested that the State 
                        educational agency provide such 
                        services directly; and
                            ``(ii) demonstrated that the local 
                        educational agency involved has not met 
                        the requirements of this section in 
                        accordance with the procedures for 
                        making such a request, as prescribed by 
                        the State educational agency.'';
            (3) in subsection (c)(2), by striking ``section 
        9505'' and inserting ``section 8503''; and
            (4) in subsection (e)(2), by striking ``sections 
        9503 and 9504'' and inserting ``sections 8503 and 
        8504''.

SEC. 1012. SUPPLEMENT, NOT SUPPLANT.

    Section 1118, as redesignated by section 1000(4), is 
amended--
            (1) in subsection (a), by striking ``section 9521'' 
        and inserting ``section 8521''; and
            (2) by striking subsection (b) and inserting the 
        following:
    ``(b) Federal Funds To Supplement, Not Supplant, Non-
Federal Funds.--
            ``(1) In general.--A State educational agency or 
        local educational agency shall use Federal funds 
        received under this part only to supplement the funds 
        that would, in the absence of such Federal funds, be 
        made available from State and local sources for the 
        education of students participating in programs 
        assisted under this part, and not to supplant such 
        funds.
            ``(2) Compliance.--To demonstrate compliance with 
        paragraph (1), a local educational agency shall 
        demonstrate that the methodology used to allocate State 
        and local funds to each school receiving assistance 
        under this part ensures that such school receives all 
        of the State and local funds it would otherwise receive 
        if it were not receiving assistance under this part.
            ``(3) Special rule.--No local educational agency 
        shall be required to--
                    ``(A) identify that an individual cost or 
                service supported under this part is 
                supplemental; or
                    ``(B) provide services under this part 
                through a particular instructional method or in 
                a particular instructional setting in order to 
                demonstrate such agency's compliance with 
                paragraph (1).
            ``(4) Prohibition.--Nothing in this section shall 
        be construed to authorize or permit the Secretary to 
        prescribe the specific methodology a local educational 
        agency uses to allocate State and local funds to each 
        school receiving assistance under this part.
            ``(5) Timeline.--A local educational agency--
                    ``(A) shall meet the compliance requirement 
                under paragraph (2) not later than 2 years 
                after the date of enactment of the Every 
                Student Succeeds Act; and
                    ``(B) may demonstrate compliance with the 
                requirement under paragraph (1) before the end 
                of such 2-year period using the method such 
                local educational agency used on the day before 
                the date of enactment of the Every Student 
                Succeeds Act.''.

SEC. 1013. COORDINATION REQUIREMENTS.

    Section 1119, as redesignated by section 1000(5), is 
amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)--
                    (A) by striking ``such as the Early Reading 
                First program''; and
                    (B) by adding at the end the following new 
                sentence: ``Each local educational agency shall 
                develop agreements with such Head Start 
                agencies and other entities to carry out such 
                activities.''; and
            (2) in subsection (b)--
                    (A) in the matter preceding paragraph (1), 
                by striking ``early childhood development 
                programs, such as the Early Reading First 
                program,'' and inserting ``early childhood 
                education programs'';
                    (B) in paragraph (1), by striking ``early 
                childhood development program such as the Early 
                Reading First program'' and inserting ``early 
                childhood education program'';
                    (C) in paragraph (2), by striking ``early 
                childhood development programs such as the 
                Early Reading First program'' and inserting 
                ``early childhood education programs'';
                    (D) in paragraph (3), by striking ``early 
                childhood development programs such as the 
                Early Reading First program'' and inserting 
                ``early childhood education programs'';
                    (E) in paragraph (4)--
                            (i) by striking ``Early Reading 
                        First program staff,''; and
                            (ii) by striking ``early childhood 
                        development program'' and inserting 
                        ``early childhood education program''; 
                        and
                    (F) in paragraph (5), by striking ``and 
                entities carrying out Early Reading First 
                programs''.

SEC. 1014. GRANTS FOR THE OUTLYING AREAS AND THE SECRETARY OF THE 
                    INTERIOR.

    Section 1121 (20 U.S.C. 6331) is amended to read as 
follows:

``SEC. 1121. GRANTS FOR THE OUTLYING AREAS AND THE SECRETARY OF THE 
                    INTERIOR.

    ``(a) Reservation of Funds.--Subject to subsection (e), 
from the amount appropriated for payments to States for any 
fiscal year under section 1002(a), the Secretary shall--
            ``(1) reserve 0.4 percent to provide assistance to 
        the outlying areas in accordance with subsection (b); 
        and
            ``(2) reserve 0.7 percent to provide assistance to 
        the Secretary of the Interior in accordance with 
        subsection (d).
    ``(b) Assistance to Outlying Areas.--
            ``(1) Funds reserved.--From the amount made 
        available for any fiscal year under subsection (a)(1), 
        the Secretary shall--
                    ``(A) first reserve $1,000,000 for the 
                Republic of Palau, until Palau enters into an 
                agreement for extension of United States 
                educational assistance under the Compact of 
                Free Association, and subject to such terms and 
                conditions as the Secretary may establish, 
                except that Public Law 95-134, permitting the 
                consolidation of grants, shall not apply; and
                    ``(B) use the remaining funds to award 
                grants to the outlying areas in accordance with 
                paragraphs (2) through (5).
            ``(2) Amount of grants.--The Secretary shall 
        allocate the amount available under paragraph (1)(B) to 
        the outlying areas in proportion to their relative 
        numbers of children, aged 5 to 17, inclusive, from 
        families below the poverty level, on the basis of the 
        most recent satisfactory data available from the 
        Department of Commerce.
            ``(3) Hold-harmless amounts.--For each fiscal year, 
        the amount made available to each outlying area under 
        this subsection shall be--
                    ``(A) not less than 95 percent of the 
                amount made available for the preceding fiscal 
                year if the number of children counted under 
                paragraph (2) is not less than 30 percent of 
                the total number of children aged 5 to 17 
                years, inclusive, in the outlying area;
                    ``(B) not less than 90 percent of the 
                amount made available for the preceding fiscal 
                year if the percentage described in 
                subparagraph (A) is between 15 percent and 30 
                percent; and
                    ``(C) not less than 85 percent of the 
                amount made available for the preceding fiscal 
                year if the percentage described in 
                subparagraph (A) is below 15 percent.
            ``(4) Ratable reductions.--If the amount made 
        available under paragraph (1)(B) for any fiscal year is 
        insufficient to pay the full amounts that the outlying 
        areas are eligible to receive under paragraphs (2) and 
        (3) for that fiscal year, the Secretary shall ratably 
        reduce those amounts.
            ``(5) Uses.--Grant funds awarded under paragraph 
        (1)(A) may be used only--
                    ``(A) for programs described in this Act, 
                including teacher training, curriculum 
                development, instructional materials, or 
                general school improvement and reform; and
                    ``(B) to provide direct educational 
                services that assist all students with meeting 
                the challenging State academic standards.
    ``(c) Definitions.--For the purpose of this section, the 
term `outlying area' means the United States Virgin Islands, 
Guam, American Samoa, and the Commonwealth of the Northern 
Mariana Islands.
    ``(d) Allotment to the Secretary of the Interior.--
            ``(1) In general.--The amount allotted for payments 
        to the Secretary of the Interior under subsection 
        (a)(2) for any fiscal year shall be used, in accordance 
        with such criteria as the Secretary may establish, to 
        meet the unique educational needs of--
                    ``(A) Indian children on reservations 
                served by elementary schools and secondary 
                schools for Indian children operated or 
                supported by the Department of the Interior; 
                and
                    ``(B) out-of-State Indian children in 
                elementary schools and secondary schools in 
                local educational agencies under special 
                contracts with the Department of the Interior.
            ``(2) Payments.--From the amount allotted for 
        payments to the Secretary of the Interior under 
        subsection (a)(2), the Secretary of the Interior shall 
        make payments to local educational agencies, on such 
        terms as the Secretary determines will best carry out 
        the purposes of this part, with respect to out-of-State 
        Indian children described in paragraph (1). The amount 
        of such payment may not exceed, for each such child, 
        the greater of--
                    ``(A) 40 percent of the average per-pupil 
                expenditure in the State in which the agency is 
                located; or
                    ``(B) 48 percent of such expenditure in the 
                United States.
    ``(e) Limitation on Applicability.--If, by reason of the 
application of subsection (a) for any fiscal year, the total 
amount available for allocation to all States under this part 
would be less than the amount allocated to all States for 
fiscal year 2016 under this part, the Secretary shall provide 
assistance to the outlying areas and the Secretary of the 
Interior in accordance with this section, as in effect on the 
day before the date of enactment of the Every Student Succeeds 
Act.''.

SEC. 1015. ALLOCATIONS TO STATES.

    Section 1122(a) (20 U.S.C. 6332(a)) is amended--
            (1) in the matter preceding paragraph (1), by 
        striking ``2002-2007'' and inserting ``2017-2020''; and
            (2) by striking paragraph (3) and inserting the 
        following:
            ``(3) an amount equal to 100 percent of the amount, 
        if any, by which the total amount made available under 
        this subsection for the current fiscal year for which 
        the determination is made exceeds the total amount 
        available to carry out sections 1124 and 1124A for 
        fiscal year 2001 shall be used to carry out sections 
        1125 and 1125A and such amount shall be divided equally 
        between sections 1125 and 1125A.''.

SEC. 1016. ADEQUACY OF FUNDING RULE.

    Section 1125AA (20 U.S.C. 6336) is amended by striking the 
section heading and all that follows through ``Pursuant'' and 
inserting the following: ``Adequacy of Funding to Local 
Educational Agencies in Fiscal Years After Fiscal Year 2001.--
Pursuant''.

SEC. 1017. EDUCATION FINANCE INCENTIVE GRANT PROGRAM.

    Section 1125A (20 U.S.C. 6337) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a), by striking ``funds 
        appropriated under subsection (f)'' and inserting 
        ``funds made available under section 1122(a)'';
            (2) in subsection (b)(1)--
                    (A) in subparagraph (A), by striking 
                ``appropriated pursuant to subsection (f)'' and 
                inserting ``made available for any fiscal year 
                to carry out this section''; and
                    (B) in subparagraph (B)(i), by striking 
                ``total appropriations'' and inserting ``the 
                total amount reserved under section 1122(a) to 
                carry out this section'';
            (3) in subsection (c), by redesignating 
        subparagraphs (A) and (B) as paragraphs (1) and (2), 
        respectively;
            (4) in subsection (d)(1)(A)(ii), by striking 
        ``clause ``(i)'' and inserting ``clause (i)'';
            (5) by striking subsection (e) and inserting the 
        following:
    ``(e) Maintenance of Effort.--
            ``(1) In general.--A State is entitled to receive 
        its full allotment of funds under this section for any 
        fiscal year if the Secretary finds that the State's 
        fiscal effort per student or the aggregate expenditures 
        of the State with respect to the provision of free 
        public education by the State for the preceding fiscal 
        year was not less than 90 percent of the fiscal effort 
        or aggregate expenditures for the second preceding 
        fiscal year, subject to the requirements of paragraph 
        (2).
            ``(2) Reduction in case of failure to meet.--
                    ``(A) In general.--The Secretary shall 
                reduce the amount of the allotment of funds 
                under this section for any fiscal year in the 
                exact proportion by which a State fails to meet 
                the requirement of paragraph (1) by falling 
                below 90 percent of both the fiscal effort per 
                student and aggregate expenditures (using the 
                measure most favorable to the State), if such 
                State has also failed to meet such requirement 
                (as determined using the measure most favorable 
                to the State) for 1 or more of the 5 
                immediately preceding fiscal years.
                    ``(B) Special rule.--No such lesser amount 
                shall be used for computing the effort required 
                under paragraph (1) for subsequent years.
            ``(3) Waiver.--The Secretary may waive the 
        requirements of this subsection if the Secretary 
        determines that a waiver would be equitable due to--
                    ``(A) exceptional or uncontrollable 
                circumstances, such as a natural disaster or a 
                change in the organizational structure of the 
                State; or
                    ``(B) a precipitous decline in the 
                financial resources of the State.'';
            (6) by striking subsection (f);
            (7) by redesignating subsection (g) as subsection 
        (f); and
            (8) in subsection (f), as redesignated by paragraph 
        (7)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1), by striking ``under 
                this section'' and inserting ``to carry out 
                this section''; and
                    (B) in paragraph (3), in the matter 
                preceding subparagraph (A), by striking ``shall 
                be'' and inserting ``shall be--''.

                    PART B--STATE ASSESSMENT GRANTS

SEC. 1201. STATE ASSESSMENT GRANTS.

    Part B of title I (20 U.S.C. 6361 et seq.) is amended to 
read as follows:

                   ``PART B--STATE ASSESSMENT GRANTS

``SEC. 1201. GRANTS FOR STATE ASSESSMENTS AND RELATED ACTIVITIES.

    ``(a) Grants Authorized.--From amounts made available in 
accordance with section 1203, the Secretary shall make grants 
to State educational agencies to enable the States to carry out 
1 or more of the following:
            ``(1) To pay the costs of the development of the 
        State assessments and standards adopted under section 
        1111(b), which may include the costs of working in 
        voluntary partnerships with other States, at the sole 
        discretion of each such State.
            ``(2) If a State has developed the assessments 
        adopted under section 1111(b), to administer those 
        assessments or to carry out other assessment activities 
        described in this part, such as the following:
                    ``(A) Ensuring the provision of appropriate 
                accommodations available to English learners 
                and children with disabilities to improve the 
                rates of inclusion in regular assessments of 
                such children, including professional 
                development activities to improve the 
                implementation of such accommodations in 
                instructional practice.
                    ``(B) Developing challenging State academic 
                standards and aligned assessments in academic 
                subjects for which standards and assessments 
                are not required under section 1111(b).
                    ``(C) Developing or improving assessments 
                for English learners, including assessments of 
                English language proficiency as required under 
                section 1111(b)(2)(G) and academic assessments 
                in languages other than English to meet the 
                State's obligations under section 
                1111(b)(2)(F).
                    ``(D) Ensuring the continued validity and 
                reliability of State assessments.
                    ``(E) Refining State assessments to ensure 
                their continued alignment with the challenging 
                State academic standards and to improve the 
                alignment of curricula and instructional 
                materials.
                    ``(F) Developing or improving balanced 
                assessment systems that include summative, 
                interim, and formative assessments, including 
                supporting local educational agencies in 
                developing or improving such assessments.
                    ``(G) At the discretion of the State, 
                refining science assessments required under 
                section 1111(b)(2) in order to integrate 
                engineering design skills and practices into 
                such assessments.
                    ``(H) Developing or improving models to 
                measure and assess student progress or student 
                growth on State assessments under section 
                1111(b)(2) and other assessments not required 
                under section 1111(b)(2).
                    ``(I) Developing or improving assessments 
                for children with disabilities, including 
                alternate assessments aligned to alternate 
                academic achievement standards for students 
                with the most significant cognitive 
                disabilities described in section 
                1111(b)(2)(D), and using the principles of 
                universal design for learning.
                    ``(J) Allowing for collaboration with 
                institutions of higher education, other 
                research institutions, or other organizations 
                to improve the quality, validity, and 
                reliability of State academic assessments 
                beyond the requirements for such assessments 
                described in section 1111(b)(2).
                    ``(K) Measuring student academic 
                achievement using multiple measures of student 
                academic achievement from multiple sources.
                    ``(L) Evaluating student academic 
                achievement through the development of 
                comprehensive academic assessment instruments 
                (such as performance and technology-based 
                academic assessments, computer adaptive 
                assessments, projects, or extended performance 
                task assessments) that emphasize the mastery of 
                standards and aligned competencies in a 
                competency-based education model.
                    ``(M) Designing the report cards and 
                reports under section 1111(h) in an easily 
                accessible, user friendly-manner that cross-
                tabulates student information by any category 
                the State determines appropriate, as long as 
                such cross-tabulation--
                            ``(i) does not reveal personally 
                        identifiable information about an 
                        individual student; and
                            ``(ii) is derived from existing 
                        State and local reporting requirements.
    ``(b) Rule of Construction.--Nothing in subsection 
(a)(2)(M) shall be construed as authorizing, requiring, or 
allowing any additional reporting requirements, data elements, 
or information to be reported to the Secretary unless such 
reporting, data, or information is explicitly authorized under 
this Act.
    ``(c) Annual Report.--Each State educational agency 
receiving a grant under this section shall submit an annual 
report to the Secretary describing the State's activities under 
the grant and the result of such activities.

``SEC. 1202. STATE OPTION TO CONDUCT ASSESSMENT SYSTEM AUDIT.

    ``(a) In General.--From the amount reserved under section 
1203(a)(3) for a fiscal year, the Secretary shall make grants 
to States to enable the States to--
            ``(1) in the case of a grant awarded under this 
        section to a State for the first time--
                    ``(A) audit State assessment systems and 
                ensure that local educational agencies audit 
                local assessments under subsection (e)(1);
                    ``(B) execute the State plan under 
                subsection (e)(3)(D); and
                    ``(C) award subgrants under subsection (f); 
                and
            ``(2) in the case of a grant awarded under this 
        section to a State that has previously received a grant 
        under this section--
                    ``(A) execute the State plan under 
                subsection (e)(3)(D); and
                    ``(B) award subgrants under subsection (f).
    ``(b) Minimum Amount.--Each State that receives a grant 
under this section shall receive an annual grant amount of not 
less than $1,500,000.
    ``(c) Reallocation.--If a State chooses not to apply for a 
grant under this section, the Secretary shall reallocate such 
grant amount to other States in accordance with the formula 
described in section 1203(a)(4)(B).
    ``(d) Application.--A State desiring to receive a grant 
under this section shall submit an application to the Secretary 
at such time and in such manner as the Secretary shall require. 
The application shall include a description of--
            ``(1) in the case of a State that is receiving a 
        grant under this section for the first time--
                    ``(A) the audit the State will carry out 
                under subsection (e)(1); and
                    ``(B) the stakeholder feedback the State 
                will seek in designing such audit;
            ``(2) in the case of a State that is not receiving 
        a grant under this section for the first time, the plan 
        described in subsection (e)(3)(D); and
            ``(3) how the State will award subgrants to local 
        educational agencies under subsection (f).
    ``(e) Audits of State Assessment Systems and Local 
Assessments.--
            ``(1) Audit requirements.--Not later than 1 year 
        after the date a State receives an initial grant under 
        this section, the State shall--
                    ``(A) conduct a State assessment system 
                audit as described in paragraph (3);
                    ``(B) ensure that each local educational 
                agency receiving funds under this section--
                            ``(i) conducts an audit of local 
                        assessments administered by the local 
                        educational agency as described in 
                        paragraph (4); and
                            ``(ii) submits the results of such 
                        audit to the State; and
                    ``(C) report the results of each State and 
                local educational agency audit conducted under 
                subparagraphs (A) and (B), in a format that is 
                widely accessible and publicly available.
            ``(2) Resources for local educational agencies.--In 
        carrying out paragraph (1)(B), each State shall provide 
        local educational agencies with resources, such as 
        guidelines and protocols, to assist in conducting and 
        reporting audit results.
            ``(3) State assessment system description.--Each 
        State assessment system audit conducted under paragraph 
        (1)(A) shall include--
                    ``(A) the schedule for the administration 
                of all State assessments;
                    ``(B) for each State assessment--
                            ``(i) the purpose for which the 
                        assessment was designed and the purpose 
                        for which the assessment is used; and
                            ``(ii) the legal authority for the 
                        administration of the assessment;
                    ``(C) feedback on such system from 
                stakeholders, which shall include information 
                such as--
                            ``(i) how teachers, principals, 
                        other school leaders, and 
                        administrators use assessment data to 
                        improve and differentiate instruction;
                            ``(ii) the timing of release of 
                        assessment data;
                            ``(iii) the extent to which 
                        assessment data is presented in an 
                        accessible and understandable format 
                        for all stakeholders;
                            ``(iv) the opportunities, 
                        resources, and training teachers, 
                        principals, other school leaders, and 
                        administrators are given to review 
                        assessment results and make effective 
                        use of assessment data;
                            ``(v) the distribution of 
                        technological resources and personnel 
                        necessary to administer assessments;
                            ``(vi) the amount of time teachers 
                        spend on assessment preparation and 
                        administration;
                            ``(vii) the assessments that 
                        administrators, teachers, principals, 
                        other school leaders, parents, and 
                        students, if appropriate, do and do not 
                        find useful; and
                            ``(viii) other information as 
                        appropriate; and
                    ``(D) a plan, based on the information 
                gathered as a result of the activities 
                described in subparagraphs (A), (B), and (C), 
                to improve and streamline the State assessment 
                system, including activities such as--
                            ``(i) eliminating any unnecessary 
                        assessments, which may include paying 
                        the cost associated with terminating 
                        procurement contracts;
                            ``(ii) supporting the dissemination 
                        of best practices from local 
                        educational agencies or other States 
                        that have successfully improved 
                        assessment quality and efficiency to 
                        improve teaching and learning; and
                            ``(iii) supporting local 
                        educational agencies or consortia of 
                        local educational agencies to carry out 
                        efforts to streamline local assessment 
                        systems and implement a regular process 
                        of review and evaluation of assessment 
                        use in local educational agencies.
            ``(4) Local assessment description.--An audit of 
        local assessments conducted in accordance with 
        paragraph (1)(B)(i) shall include the same information 
        described in paragraph (3) that is required of a State 
        audit, except that such information shall be included 
        as applicable to the local educational agency and the 
        local assessments.
    ``(f) Subgrants to Local Educational Agencies.--
            ``(1) In general.--Each State shall reserve not 
        less than 20 percent of the grant funds awarded to the 
        State under this section to make subgrants to local 
        educational agencies in the State or consortia of such 
        local educational agencies, based on demonstrated need 
        in the agency's or consortium's application, to enable 
        such agencies or consortia to improve assessment 
        quality and use, and alignment, including, if 
        applicable, alignment to the challenging State academic 
        standards.
            ``(2) Local educational agency application.--Each 
        local educational agency, or consortium of local 
        educational agencies, seeking a subgrant under this 
        subsection shall submit an application to the State at 
        such time, in such manner, and containing such other 
        information as determined necessary by the State. The 
        application shall include a description of the agency's 
        or consortium's needs relating to the improvement of 
        assessment quality, use, and alignment.
            ``(3) Use of funds.--A subgrant awarded under this 
        subsection to a local educational agency or consortium 
        of such agencies may be used to--
                    ``(A) conduct an audit of local assessments 
                under subsection (e)(1)(B)(i);
                    ``(B) carry out the plan described in 
                subsection (e)(3)(D) as it pertains to such 
                agency or consortium;
                    ``(C) improve assessment delivery systems 
                and schedules, including by increasing access 
                to technology and assessment proctors, where 
                appropriate;
                    ``(D) hire instructional coaches, or 
                promote teachers who may receive increased 
                compensation to serve as instructional coaches, 
                to support teachers in the development of 
                classroom-based assessments, interpreting 
                assessment data, and designing instruction;
                    ``(E) provide for appropriate 
                accommodations to maximize inclusion of 
                children with disabilities and English learners 
                participating in assessments; and
                    ``(F) improve the capacity of teachers, 
                principals, and other school leaders to 
                disseminate assessment data in an accessible 
                and understandable format for parents and 
                families, including for children with 
                disabilities and English learners.
    ``(g) Definitions.--In this section:
            ``(1) Local assessment.--The term `local 
        assessment' means an academic assessment selected and 
        carried out by a local educational agency that is 
        separate from an assessment required under section 
        1111(b)(2).
            ``(2) State.--The term `State' means each of the 50 
        States, the District of Columbia, and the Commonwealth 
        of Puerto Rico.

``SEC. 1203. ALLOTMENT OF APPROPRIATED FUNDS.

    ``(a) Amounts Equal to or Less Than Trigger Amount.--From 
amounts made available for each fiscal year under subsection 
1002(b) that are equal to or less than the amount described in 
section 1111(b)(2)(I), the Secretary shall--
            ``(1) reserve one-half of 1 percent for the Bureau 
        of Indian Education;
            ``(2) reserve one-half of 1 percent for the 
        outlying areas;
            ``(3) reserve not more than 20 percent to carry out 
        section 1202; and
            ``(4) from the remainder, carry out section 1201 by 
        allocating to each State an amount equal to--
                    ``(A) $3,000,000, except for a fiscal year 
                for which the amounts available are 
                insufficient to allocate such amount to each 
                State, the Secretary shall ratably reduce such 
                amount for each State; and
                    ``(B) with respect to any amounts remaining 
                after the allocation under subparagraph (A), an 
                amount that bears the same relationship to such 
                total remaining amounts as the number of 
                students aged 5 through 17 in the State (as 
                determined by the Secretary on the basis of the 
                most recent satisfactory data) bears to the 
                total number of such students in all States.
    ``(b) Amounts Above Trigger Amount.--For any fiscal year 
for which the amount made available for a fiscal year under 
subsection 1002(b) exceeds the amount described in section 
1111(b)(2)(I), the Secretary shall make such excess amount 
available as follows:
            ``(1) Competitive grants.--
                    ``(A) In general.--The Secretary shall 
                first use such funds to award grants, on a 
                competitive basis, to State educational 
                agencies or consortia of State educational 
                agencies that have submitted applications 
                described in subparagraph (B) to enable such 
                States to carry out the activities described in 
                subparagraphs (C), (H), (I), (J), (K), and (L) 
                of section 1201(a)(2).
                    ``(B) Applications.--A State, or a 
                consortium of States, that desires a 
                competitive grant under subparagraph (A) shall 
                submit an application to the Secretary at such 
                time and in such manner as the Secretary may 
                reasonably require. The application shall 
                demonstrate that the requirements of this 
                section will be met for the uses of funds 
                described under subparagraph (A).
                    ``(C) Amount of competitive grants.--In 
                determining the amount of a grant under 
                subparagraph (A), the Secretary shall ensure 
                that a State or consortium's grant, as the case 
                may be, shall include an amount that bears the 
                same relationship to the total funds available 
                to carry out this subsection for the fiscal 
                year as the number of students aged 5 through 
                17 in the State, or, in the case of a 
                consortium, in each State that comprises the 
                consortium, (as determined by the Secretary on 
                the basis of the most recent satisfactory data) 
                bears to the total number of such students in 
                all States.
            ``(2) Allotments.--Any amounts remaining after the 
        Secretary awards funds under paragraph (1) shall be 
        allotted to each State, or consortium of States, that 
        did not receive a grant under such paragraph, in an 
        amount that bears the same relationship to the 
        remaining amounts as the number of students aged 5 
        through 17 in the State, or, in the case of a 
        consortium, in the States of the consortium, (as 
        determined by the Secretary on the basis of the most 
        recent satisfactory data) bears to the total number of 
        such students in all States.
    ``(c) State Defined.--In this part, the term `State' means 
each of the 50 States, the District of Columbia, and the 
Commonwealth of Puerto Rico.
    ``(d) Prohibition.--In making funds available to States 
under this part, the Secretary shall comply with the 
prohibitions described in section 8529.

``SEC. 1204. INNOVATIVE ASSESSMENT AND ACCOUNTABILITY DEMONSTRATION 
                    AUTHORITY.

    ``(a) Innovative Assessment System Defined.--The term 
`innovative assessment system' means a system of assessments 
that may include--
            ``(1) competency-based assessments, instructionally 
        embedded assessments, interim assessments, cumulative 
        year-end assessments, or performance-based assessments 
        that combine into an annual summative determination for 
        a student, which may be administered through computer 
        adaptive assessments; and
            ``(2) assessments that validate when students are 
        ready to demonstrate mastery or proficiency and allow 
        for differentiated student support based on individual 
        learning needs.
    ``(b) Demonstration Authority.--
            ``(1) In general.--The Secretary may provide a 
        State educational agency, or a consortium of State 
        educational agencies, in accordance with paragraph (3), 
        with the authority to establish an innovative 
        assessment system (referred to in this section as 
        `demonstration authority').
            ``(2) Demonstration period.--In accordance with the 
        requirements described in subsection (e), each State 
        educational agency, or consortium of State educational 
        agencies, that submits an application under this 
        section shall propose in its application the period of 
        time over which the State educational agency or 
        consortium desires to exercise the demonstration 
        authority, except that such period shall not exceed 5 
        years.
            ``(3) Initial demonstration authority and 
        expansion.--During the first 3 years that the Secretary 
        provides State educational agencies and consortia with 
        demonstration authority (referred to in this section as 
        the `initial demonstration period') the Secretary shall 
        provide such demonstration authority to--
                    ``(A) a total number of not more than 7 
                participating State educational agencies, 
                including those participating in consortia, 
                that have applications approved under 
                subsection (e); and
                    ``(B) consortia that include not more than 
                4 State educational agencies.
    ``(c) Progress Report.--
            ``(1) In general.--Not later than 180 days after 
        the end of the initial demonstration period, and prior 
        to providing additional State educational agencies with 
        demonstration authority, the Director of the Institute 
        of Education Sciences, in consultation with the 
        Secretary, shall publish a report detailing the initial 
        progress of innovative assessment systems carried out 
        through demonstration authority under this section.
            ``(2) Criteria.--The progress report under 
        paragraph (1) shall be based on the annual information 
        submitted by participating States described in 
        subsection (e)(2)(B)(ix) and examine the extent to 
        which--
                    ``(A) with respect to each innovative 
                assessment system--
                            ``(i) the State educational agency 
                        has solicited feedback from teachers, 
                        principals, other school leaders, and 
                        parents about their satisfaction with 
                        the innovative assessment system;
                            ``(ii) teachers, principals, and 
                        other school leaders have demonstrated 
                        a commitment and capacity to implement 
                        or continue to implement the innovative 
                        assessment system; and
                            ``(iii) substantial evidence exists 
                        demonstrating that the innovative 
                        assessment system has been developed in 
                        accordance with the requirements of 
                        subsection (e); and
                    ``(B) each State with demonstration 
                authority has demonstrated that--
                            ``(i) the same innovative 
                        assessment system was used to measure 
                        the achievement of all students that 
                        participated in the innovative 
                        assessment system; and
                            ``(ii) of the total number of all 
                        students, and the total number of each 
                        of the subgroups of students defined in 
                        section 1111(c)(2), eligible to 
                        participate in the innovative 
                        assessment system in a given year, the 
                        State assessed in that year an equal or 
                        greater percentage of such eligible 
                        students, as measured under section 
                        1111(c)(4)(E), as were assessed in the 
                        State in such year using the assessment 
                        system under section 1111(b)(2).
            ``(3) Use of report.--Upon completion of the 
        progress report, the Secretary shall provide a response 
        to the findings of the progress report, including a 
        description of how the findings of the report will be 
        used--
                    ``(A) to support State educational agencies 
                with demonstration authority through technical 
                assistance; and
                    ``(B) to inform the peer-review process 
                described in subsection (f) for advising the 
                Secretary on the awarding of the demonstration 
                authority to the additional State educational 
                agencies described in subsection (d).
            ``(4) Publicly available.--The Secretary shall make 
        the progress report under this subsection and the 
        response described in paragraph (3) publicly available 
        on the website of the Department.
            ``(5) Prohibition.--The Secretary shall not require 
        States that have demonstration authority to submit any 
        information for the purposes of the progress report 
        that is in addition to the information the State is 
        already required to provide under subsection 
        (e)(2)(B)(x).
    ``(d) Expansion of the Demonstration Authority.--Upon 
completion and publication of the report described in 
subsection (c), the Secretary may grant demonstration authority 
to additional State educational agencies or consortia that 
submit an application under subsection (e). Such State 
educational agencies or consortia of State educational agencies 
shall be subject to all of the same terms, conditions, and 
requirements of this section.
    ``(e) Application.--
            ``(1) In general.--A State educational agency, or 
        consortium of State educational agencies, that desires 
        to participate in the program of demonstration 
        authority under this section shall submit an 
        application to the Secretary at such time and in such 
        manner as the Secretary may reasonably require.
            ``(2) Contents.--Such application shall include a 
        description of the innovative assessment system, the 
        experience the applicant has in implementing any 
        components of the innovative assessment system, and the 
        timeline over which the State or consortium proposes to 
        exercise the demonstration authority. In addition, the 
        application shall include each of the following:
                    ``(A) A demonstration that the innovative 
                assessment system will--
                            ``(i) meet all the requirements of 
                        section 1111(b)(2)(B), except the 
                        requirements of clauses (i) and (v) of 
                        such section;
                            ``(ii) be aligned to the 
                        challenging State academic standards 
                        and address the depth and breadth of 
                        such standards;
                            ``(iii) express student results or 
                        student competencies in terms 
                        consistent with the State's aligned 
                        academic achievement standards under 
                        section 1111(b)(1);
                            ``(iv) generate results that are 
                        valid and reliable, and comparable, for 
                        all students and for each subgroup of 
                        students described in section 
                        1111(b)(2)(B)(xi), as compared to the 
                        results for such students on the State 
                        assessments under section 1111(b)(2);
                            ``(v) be developed in collaboration 
                        with--
                                    ``(I) stakeholders 
                                representing the interests of 
                                children with disabilities, 
                                English learners, and other 
                                vulnerable children;
                                    ``(II) teachers, 
                                principals, and other school 
                                leaders;
                                    ``(III) local educational 
                                agencies;
                                    ``(IV) parents; and
                                    ``(V) civil rights 
                                organizations in the State;
                            ``(vi) be accessible to all 
                        students, such as by incorporating the 
                        principles of universal design for 
                        learning;
                            ``(vii) provide teachers, 
                        principals, other school leaders, 
                        students, and parents with timely data, 
                        disaggregated by each subgroup of 
                        students described in section 
                        1111(b)(2)(B)(xi), to inform and 
                        improve instructional practice and 
                        student supports;
                            ``(viii) identify which students 
                        are not making progress toward the 
                        challenging State academic standards so 
                        that teachers can provide instructional 
                        support and targeted interventions to 
                        all students;
                            ``(ix) annually measure the 
                        progress of not less than the same 
                        percentage of all students and students 
                        in each of the subgroups of students, 
                        as defined in section 1111(c)(2), who 
                        are enrolled in schools that are 
                        participating in the innovative 
                        assessment system and are required to 
                        take such assessments, as measured 
                        under section 1111(c)(4)(E), as were 
                        assessed by schools administering the 
                        assessment under section 1111(b)(2);
                            ``(x) generate an annual, summative 
                        achievement determination, based on the 
                        aligned State academic achievement 
                        standards under section 1111(b)(1) and 
                        based on annual data, for each 
                        individual student; and
                            ``(xi) allow the State educational 
                        agency to validly and reliably 
                        aggregate data from the innovative 
                        assessment system for purposes of--
                                    ``(I) accountability, 
                                consistent with the 
                                requirements of section 
                                1111(c); and
                                    ``(II) reporting, 
                                consistent with the 
                                requirements of section 
                                1111(h).
                    ``(B) A description of how the State 
                educational agency will--
                            ``(i) continue use of the statewide 
                        academic assessments required under 
                        section 1111(b)(2) if such assessments 
                        will be used for accountability 
                        purposes for the duration of the 
                        demonstration authority period;
                            ``(ii) identify the distinct 
                        purposes for each assessment that is 
                        part of the innovative assessment 
                        system;
                            ``(iii) provide support and 
                        training to local educational agency 
                        and school staff to implement the 
                        innovative assessment system described 
                        in this subsection;
                            ``(iv) inform parents of students 
                        in participating local educational 
                        agencies about the innovative 
                        assessment system at the beginning of 
                        each school year during which the 
                        innovative assessment system will be 
                        implemented;
                            ``(v) engage and support teachers 
                        in developing and scoring assessments 
                        that are part of the innovative 
                        assessment system, including through 
                        the use of high-quality professional 
                        development, standardized and 
                        calibrated scoring rubrics, and other 
                        strategies, consistent with relevant 
                        nationally recognized professional and 
                        technical standards, to ensure inter-
                        rater reliability and comparability;
                            ``(vi) acclimate students to the 
                        innovative assessment system;
                            ``(vii) ensure that students with 
                        the most significant cognitive 
                        disabilities may be assessed with 
                        alternate assessments consistent with 
                        section 1111(b)(2)(D);
                            ``(viii) if the State is proposing 
                        to administer the innovative assessment 
                        system initially in a subset of local 
                        educational agencies, scale up the 
                        innovative assessment system to 
                        administer such system statewide, or 
                        with additional local educational 
                        agencies, in the State's proposed 
                        demonstration authority period;
                            ``(ix) gather data, solicit regular 
                        feedback from teachers, principals, 
                        other school leaders, and parents, and 
                        assess the results of each year of the 
                        program of demonstration authority 
                        under this section, and respond by 
                        making needed changes to the innovative 
                        assessment system; and
                            ``(x) report data from the 
                        innovative assessment system annually 
                        to the Secretary, including--
                                    ``(I) demographics of 
                                participating local educational 
                                agencies, if such system is not 
                                statewide, and additional local 
                                educational agencies if added 
                                to the system during the course 
                                of the State's demonstration 
                                authority period or 2-year 
                                extension, except that such 
                                data shall not reveal any 
                                personally identifiable 
                                information, including a 
                                description of how the 
                                inclusion of additional local 
                                educational agencies 
                                contributes to progress toward 
                                achieving high-quality and 
                                consistent implementation 
                                across demographically diverse 
                                local educational agencies 
                                throughout the demonstration 
                                authority period;
                                    ``(II) the performance of 
                                all participating students, and 
                                for each subgroup of students 
                                defined in section 1111(c)(2), 
                                on the innovative assessment, 
                                consistent with the 
                                requirements in section 
                                1111(h), except that such data 
                                shall not reveal any personally 
                                identifiable information;
                                    ``(III) feedback from 
                                teachers, principals, other 
                                school leaders, and parents 
                                about their satisfaction with 
                                the innovative assessment 
                                system; and
                                    ``(IV) if such system is 
                                not statewide, a description of 
                                the State's progress in scaling 
                                up the innovative assessment 
                                system to additional local 
                                educational agencies during the 
                                State's demonstration authority 
                                period, as described in clause 
                                (viii).
                    ``(C) A description of the State 
                educational agency's plan to--
                            ``(i) ensure that all students and 
                        each of the subgroups of students 
                        defined in section 1111(c)(2) 
                        participating in the innovative 
                        assessment system receive the 
                        instructional support needed to meet 
                        State aligned academic achievement 
                        standards;
                            ``(ii) ensure that each local 
                        educational agency has the 
                        technological infrastructure to 
                        implement the innovative assessment 
                        system; and
                            ``(iii) hold all schools in the 
                        local educational agencies 
                        participating in the program of 
                        demonstration authority accountable for 
                        meeting the State's expectations for 
                        student achievement.
                    ``(D) If the innovative assessment system 
                will initially be administered in a subset of 
                local educational agencies--
                            ``(i) a description of the local 
                        educational agencies within the State 
                        educational agency that will 
                        participate, including what criteria 
                        the State has for approving any 
                        additional local educational agencies 
                        to participate during the demonstration 
                        authority period;
                            ``(ii) assurances from such local 
                        educational agencies that such agencies 
                        will comply with the requirements of 
                        this subsection;
                            ``(iii) a description of how the 
                        State will--
                                    ``(I) ensure that the 
                                inclusion of additional local 
                                educational agencies 
                                contributes to progress toward 
                                achieving high-quality and 
                                consistent implementation 
                                across demographically diverse 
                                local educational agencies 
                                during the demonstration 
                                authority period; and
                                    ``(II) ensure that the 
                                participating local educational 
                                agencies, as a group, will be 
                                demographically similar to the 
                                State as a whole by the end of 
                                the State's demonstration 
                                authority period; and
                            ``(iv) a description of the State 
                        educational agency's plan to hold all 
                        students and each of the subgroups of 
                        students, as defined in section 
                        1111(c)(2), to the same high standard 
                        as other students in the State.
    ``(f) Peer Review.--The Secretary shall--
            ``(1) implement a peer-review process to inform--
                    ``(A) the awarding of demonstration 
                authority under this section and the approval 
                to operate an innovative assessment system for 
                the purposes of subsections (b)(2) and (c) of 
                section 1111, as described in subsection (h); 
                and
                    ``(B) determinations about whether an 
                innovative assessment system--
                            ``(i) is comparable to the State 
                        assessments under section 
                        1111(b)(2)(B)(v), valid, reliable, of 
                        high technical quality, and consistent 
                        with relevant, nationally recognized 
                        professional and technical standards; 
                        and
                            ``(ii) provides an unbiased, 
                        rational, and consistent determination 
                        of progress toward the goals described 
                        under section 1111(c)(4)(A)(i) for all 
                        students;
            ``(2) ensure that the peer-review team consists of 
        practitioners and experts who are knowledgeable about 
        the innovative assessment system being proposed for all 
        participating students, including--
                    ``(A) individuals with past experience 
                developing systems of assessment innovation 
                that support all students, including English 
                learners, children with disabilities, and 
                disadvantaged students; and
                    ``(B) individuals with experience 
                implementing innovative assessment and 
                accountability systems;
            ``(3) make publicly available the applications 
        submitted under subsection (c) and the peer-review 
        comments and recommendations regarding such 
        applications;
            ``(4) make a determination and inform the State 
        regarding approval or disapproval of the application 
        under subsection (c) not later than 90 days after 
        receipt of the complete application;
            ``(5) if the Secretary disapproves an application 
        under paragraph (4), offer the State an opportunity 
        to--
                    ``(A) revise and resubmit such application 
                within 60 days of the disapproval 
                determination; and
                    ``(B) submit additional evidence that the 
                State's application meets the requirements of 
                subsection (c); and
            ``(6) make a determination regarding application 
        approval or disapproval of a resubmitted application 
        under paragraph (5) not later than 45 days after 
        receipt of the resubmitted application.
    ``(g) Extension.--The Secretary may extend an authorization 
of demonstration authority under this section for an additional 
2 years if the State educational agency demonstrates with 
evidence that the State educational agency's innovative 
assessment system is continuing to meet the requirements of 
subsection (c), including by demonstrating a plan for, and the 
capacity to, transition to statewide use of the innovative 
assessment system by the end of the 2-year extension period.
    ``(h) Use of Innovative Assessment System.--A State may, 
during the State's approved demonstration authority period or 
2-year extension, include results from the innovative 
assessment systems developed under this section in 
accountability determinations for each student in the 
participating local educational agencies instead of, or in 
addition to, results from the assessment system under section 
1111(b)(2) if the State demonstrates that the State has met the 
requirements under subsection (c). The State shall continue to 
meet all other requirements of section 1111(c).
    ``(i) Withdrawal of Authority.--The Secretary shall 
withdraw the authorization for demonstration authority provided 
to a State educational agency under this section and such State 
shall return to use of the statewide assessment system under 
section 1111(b)(2) for all local educational agencies in the 
State if, at any time during a State's approved demonstration 
authority period or 2-year extension, the State educational 
agency cannot present to the Secretary evidence that the 
innovative assessment system developed under this section--
            ``(1) meets the requirements under subsection (c);
            ``(2) includes all students attending schools 
        participating in the innovative assessment system in a 
        State that has demonstration authority, including each 
        of the subgroups of students, as defined under section 
        1111(c)(2);
            ``(3) provides an unbiased, rational, and 
        consistent determination of progress toward the goals 
        described under section 1111(c)(4)(A)(i) for all 
        students, which are comparable to measures of academic 
        achievement under section 1111(c)(4)(B)(i) across the 
        State in which the local educational agencies are 
        located;
            ``(4) presents a high-quality plan to transition to 
        full statewide use of the innovative assessment system 
        by the end of the State's approved demonstration 
        authority period or 2-year extension, if the innovative 
        assessment system will initially be administered in a 
        subset of local educational agencies; and
            ``(5) demonstrates comparability to the statewide 
        assessments under section 1111(b)(2) in content 
        coverage, difficulty, and quality.
    ``(j) Transition.--
            ``(1) In general.--
                    ``(A) Operation of innovative assessment 
                system.--If, after a State's approved 
                demonstration authority period or 2-year 
                extension, the State educational agency has met 
                all the requirements of this section, including 
                having scaled the innovative assessment system 
                up to statewide use, and demonstrated that such 
                system is of high quality, as described in 
                subparagraph (B), the State shall be permitted 
                to operate the innovative assessment system 
                approved under the program of demonstration 
                authority under this section for the purposes 
                of subsections (b)(2) and (c) of section 1111.
                    ``(B) High quality.--Such system shall be 
                considered of high quality if the Secretary, 
                through the peer-review process described in 
                section 1111(a)(4), determines that--
                            ``(i) the innovative assessment 
                        system meets all of the requirements of 
                        this section;
                            ``(ii) the State has examined the 
                        effects of the system on other measures 
                        of student success, including 
                        indicators in the accountability system 
                        under section 1111(c)(4)(B);
                            ``(iii) the innovative assessment 
                        system provides coherent and timely 
                        information about student achievement 
                        based on the challenging State academic 
                        standards, including objective 
                        measurement of academic achievement, 
                        knowledge, and skills that are valid, 
                        reliable, and consistent with relevant, 
                        nationally-recognized professional and 
                        technical standards;
                            ``(iv) the State has solicited 
                        feedback from teachers, principals, 
                        other school leaders, and parents about 
                        their satisfaction with the innovative 
                        assessment system; and
                            ``(v) the State has demonstrated 
                        that the same innovative assessment 
                        system was used to measure--
                                    ``(I) the achievement of 
                                all students that participated 
                                in such innovative assessment 
                                system; and
                                    ``(II) not less than the 
                                percentage of such students 
                                overall and in each of the 
                                subgroups of students, as 
                                defined in section 1111(c)(2), 
                                as measured under section 
                                1111(c)(4)(E), as were assessed 
                                under the assessment required 
                                by section 1111(b)(2).
            ``(2) Baseline.--For the purposes of the evaluation 
        described in paragraph (1), the baseline year shall be 
        considered the first year that each local educational 
        agency in the State used the innovative assessment 
        system.
            ``(3) Waiver authority.--A State may request, and 
        the Secretary shall review such request and may grant, 
        a delay of the withdrawal of authority under subsection 
        (i) for the purpose of providing the State with the 
        time necessary to implement the innovative assessment 
        system statewide, if, at the conclusion of the State's 
        approved demonstration authority period and 2-year 
        extension--
                    ``(A) the State has met all of the 
                requirements of this section, except transition 
                to full statewide use of the innovative 
                assessment system; and
                    ``(B) the State continues to comply with 
                the other requirements of this section, and 
                demonstrates a high-quality plan for transition 
                to statewide use of the innovative assessment 
                system in a reasonable period of time.
    ``(k) Available Funds.--A State may use funds available 
under section 1201 to carry out this section.
    ``(l) Consortium.--A consortium of States may apply to 
participate in the program of demonstration authority under 
this section, and the Secretary may provide each State member 
of such consortium with such authority if each such State 
member meets all of the requirements of this section. Such 
consortium shall be subject to the limitation described in 
subsection (b)(3)(B) during the initial 3 years of the 
demonstration authority.
    ``(m) Dissemination of Best Practices.--
            ``(1) In general.--Following the publication of the 
        progress report described in subsection (c), the 
        Director of the Institute of Education Sciences, in 
        consultation with the Secretary, shall collect and 
        disseminate the best practices on the development and 
        implementation of innovative assessment systems that 
        meet the requirements of this section, including best 
        practices regarding the development of--
                    ``(A) summative assessments that--
                            ``(i) meet the requirements of 
                        section 1111(b)(2)(B);
                            ``(ii) are comparable with 
                        statewide assessments under section 
                        1111(b)(2); and
                            ``(iii) include assessment tasks 
                        that determine proficiency or mastery 
                        of State-approved competencies aligned 
                        to challenging State academic 
                        standards;
                    ``(B) effective supports for local 
                educational agencies and school staff to 
                implement innovative assessment systems;
                    ``(C) effective engagement and support of 
                teachers in developing and scoring assessments 
                and the use of high-quality professional 
                development;
                    ``(D) effective supports for all students, 
                particularly each of the subgroups of students, 
                as defined in section 1111(c)(2), participating 
                in the innovative assessment system; and
                    ``(E) standardized and calibrated scoring 
                rubrics, and other strategies, to ensure inter-
                rater reliability and comparability of 
                determinations of mastery or proficiency across 
                local educational agencies and the State.
            ``(2) Publication.--The Secretary shall make the 
        information described in paragraph (1) available on the 
        website of the Department and shall publish an update 
        to the information not less often than once every 3 
        years.''.

                PART C--EDUCATION OF MIGRATORY CHILDREN

SEC. 1301. EDUCATION OF MIGRATORY CHILDREN.

    (a) Program Purposes.--Section 1301 (20 U.S.C. 6391) is 
amended to read as follows:

``SEC. 1301. PROGRAM PURPOSES.

    ``The purposes of this part are as follows:
            ``(1) To assist States in supporting high-quality 
        and comprehensive educational programs and services 
        during the school year and, as applicable, during 
        summer or intersession periods, that address the unique 
        educational needs of migratory children.
            ``(2) To ensure that migratory children who move 
        among the States are not penalized in any manner by 
        disparities among the States in curriculum, graduation 
        requirements, and challenging State academic standards.
            ``(3) To ensure that migratory children receive 
        full and appropriate opportunities to meet the same 
        challenging State academic standards that all children 
        are expected to meet.
            ``(4) To help migratory children overcome 
        educational disruption, cultural and language barriers, 
        social isolation, various health-related problems, and 
        other factors that inhibit the ability of such children 
        to succeed in school.
            ``(5) To help migratory children benefit from State 
        and local systemic reforms.''.
    (b) State Allocations.--Section 1303 (20 U.S.C. 6393) is 
amended--
            (1) by redesignating subsections (c) through (e) as 
        subsections (d) through (f), respectively;
            (2) by striking subsections (a) and (b) and 
        inserting the following:
    ``(a) State Allocations.--Except as provided in subsection 
(c), each State (other than the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico) is 
entitled to receive under this part an amount equal to the 
product of--
            ``(1) the sum of--
                    ``(A) the average number of identified 
                eligible migratory children aged 3 through 21 
                residing in the State, based on data for the 
                preceding 3 years; and
                    ``(B) the number of identified eligible 
                migratory children, aged 3 through 21, who 
                received services under this part in summer or 
                intersession programs provided by the State 
                during the previous year; multiplied by
            ``(2) 40 percent of the average per-pupil 
        expenditure in the State, except that the amount 
        determined under this paragraph shall not be less than 
        32 percent, nor more than 48 percent, of the average 
        per-pupil expenditure in the United States.
    ``(b) Hold Harmless.--Notwithstanding subsection (a), for 
each of fiscal years 2017 through 2019, no State shall receive 
less than 90 percent of the State's allocation under this 
section for the preceding fiscal year.
    ``(c) Allocation to Puerto Rico.--
            ``(1) In general.--For each fiscal year, the grant 
        that the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico shall be eligible 
        to receive under this part shall be the amount 
        determined by multiplying the number of children who 
        would be counted under subsection (a)(1) if such 
        subsection applied to the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico 
        by the product of--
                    ``(A) the percentage that the average per-
                pupil expenditure in the Commonwealth of Puerto 
                Rico is of the lowest average per-pupil 
                expenditure of any of the 50 States, subject to 
                paragraphs (2) and (3); and
                    ``(B) 32 percent of the average per-pupil 
                expenditure in the United States.
            ``(2) Minimum percentage.--The percentage described 
        in paragraph (1)(A) shall not be less than 85 percent.
            ``(3) Limitation.--If the application of paragraph 
        (2) for any fiscal year would result in any of the 50 
        States or the District of Columbia receiving less under 
        this part than it received under this part for the 
        preceding fiscal year, then the percentage described in 
        paragraph (1)(A) that is used for the Commonwealth of 
        Puerto Rico for the fiscal year for which the 
        determination is made shall be the greater of the 
        percentage in paragraph (1)(A) for such fiscal year or 
        the percentage used for the preceding fiscal year.'';
            (3) in subsection (d), as redesignated by paragraph 
        (1)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1)--
                            (i) in subparagraph (A), by 
                        striking ``(A) If, after'' and 
                        inserting the following:
                    ``(A) Ratable reductions.--If, after''; and
                            (ii) in subparagraph (B)--
                                    (I) by striking ``(B) If 
                                additional'' and inserting the 
                                following:
                    ``(B) Reallocation.--If additional''; and
                                    (II) by striking 
                                ``purpose'' and inserting 
                                ``purposes''; and
                    (B) in paragraph (2)--
                            (i) in subparagraph (A), by 
                        striking ``(A) The Secretary'' and 
                        inserting the following:
                    ``(A) Further reductions.--The Secretary''; 
                and
                            (ii) in subparagraph (B), by 
                        striking ``(B) The Secretary'' and 
                        inserting the following:
                    ``(B) Reallocation.--The Secretary'';
            (4) in subsection (e)(3)(B), as redesignated by 
        paragraph (1), by striking ``welfare or educational 
        attainment of children'' and inserting ``academic 
        achievement of children'';
            (5) in subsection (f), as redesignated by paragraph 
        (1)--
                    (A) in the matter preceding paragraph (1), 
                by striking ``estimated'' and inserting 
                ``identified'';
                    (B) by striking paragraph (1) and inserting 
                the following:
            ``(1) use the most recent information that most 
        accurately reflects the actual number of migratory 
        children;'';
                    (C) by redesignating paragraphs (2) through 
                (4) as paragraphs (3) through (5), 
                respectively;
                    (D) by inserting after paragraph (1) the 
                following:
            ``(2) develop and implement a procedure for 
        monitoring the accuracy of such information;'';
                    (E) in paragraph (4), as redesignated by 
                subparagraph (C)--
                            (i) in the matter preceding 
                        subparagraph (A), by striking ``full-
                        time equivalent''; and
                            (ii) in subparagraph (A)--
                                    (I) by striking ``special 
                                needs'' and inserting ``unique 
                                needs''; and
                                    (II) by striking ``special 
                                programs provided under this 
                                part'' and inserting 
                                ``effective special programs 
                                provided under this part''; and
                    (F) in paragraph (5), as redesignated by 
                subparagraph (C), by striking ``the child whose 
                education has been interrupted'' and inserting 
                ``migratory children, including the most at-
                risk migratory children''; and
            (6) by adding at the end the following:
    ``(g) Nonparticipating States.--In the case of a State 
desiring to receive an allocation under this part for a fiscal 
year that did not receive an allocation for the previous fiscal 
year or that has been participating for less than 3 consecutive 
years, the Secretary shall calculate the State's number of 
identified migratory children aged 3 through 21 for purposes of 
subsection (a)(1)(A) by using the most recent data available 
that identifies the migratory children residing in the State 
until data is available to calculate the 3-year average number 
of such children in accordance with such subsection.''.
    (c) State Applications; Services.--Section 1304 (20 U.S.C. 
6394) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (b)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1)--
                            (i) in the matter preceding 
                        subparagraph (A)--
                                    (I) by striking ``special 
                                educational needs'' and 
                                inserting ``unique educational 
                                needs''; and
                                    (II) by inserting ``and 
                                migratory children who have 
                                dropped out of school'' after 
                                ``preschool migratory 
                                children'';
                            (ii) in subparagraph (B)--
                                    (I) by striking ``migrant 
                                children'' and inserting 
                                ``migratory children''; and
                                    (II) by striking ``part A 
                                or B of title III'' and 
                                inserting ``part A of title 
                                III''; and
                            (iii) by striking subparagraph (D) 
                        and inserting the following:
                    ``(D) measurable program objectives and 
                outcomes;'';
                    (B) in paragraph (2), by striking 
                ``challenging State academic content standards 
                and challenging State student academic 
                achievement standards'' and inserting 
                ``challenging State academic standards'';
                    (C) in paragraph (3), by striking ``, 
                consistent with procedures the Secretary may 
                require,'';
                    (D) in paragraph (5), by inserting ``and'' 
                after the semicolon;
                    (E) by striking paragraph (6);
                    (F) by redesignating paragraph (7) as 
                paragraph (6); and
                    (G) in paragraph (6), as redesignated by 
                subparagraph (F), by striking ``who have 
                parents who do not have a high school diploma'' 
                and inserting ``whose parents do not have a 
                high school diploma'';
            (2) in subsection (c)--
                    (A) in the matter preceding paragraph (1), 
                by striking ``, satisfactory to the 
                Secretary,'';
                    (B) in paragraph (2), by striking 
                ``subsections (b) and (c) of section 1120A, and 
                part I'' and inserting ``subsections (b) and 
                (c) of section 1118, and part F'';
                    (C) in paragraph (3)--
                            (i) in the matter preceding 
                        subparagraph (A)--
                                    (I) by striking ``parent 
                                advisory councils'' and 
                                inserting ``parents of 
                                migratory children, including 
                                parent advisory councils,''; 
                                and
                                    (II) by striking ``of 1 
                                school year in duration'' and 
                                inserting ``not less than 1 
                                school year in duration''; and
                            (ii) in subparagraph (A), by 
                        striking ``section 1118'' and inserting 
                        ``section 1116'';
                    (D) in paragraph (4), by inserting ``and 
                migratory children who have dropped out of 
                school'' after ``preschool migratory 
                children'';
                    (E) by redesignating paragraph (7) as 
                paragraph (8);
                    (F) by striking paragraph (6) and inserting 
                the following:
            ``(6) such programs and projects will provide for 
        outreach activities for migratory children and their 
        families to inform such children and families of other 
        education, health, nutrition, and social services to 
        help connect them to such services;
            ``(7) to the extent feasible, such programs and 
        projects will provide for--
                    ``(A) advocacy and other outreach 
                activities for migratory children and their 
                families, including helping such children and 
                families gain access to other education, 
                health, nutrition, and social services;
                    ``(B) professional development programs, 
                including mentoring, for teachers and other 
                program personnel;
                    ``(C) family literacy programs;
                    ``(D) the integration of information 
                technology into educational and related 
                programs; and
                    ``(E) programs to facilitate the transition 
                of secondary school students to postsecondary 
                education or employment; and''; and
                    (G) in paragraph (8), as redesignated by 
                subparagraph (E), by striking ``paragraphs 
                (1)(A) and (2)(B)(i) of section 1303(a), 
                through such procedures as the Secretary may 
                require'' and inserting ``section 1303(a)(1)'';
            (3) by striking subsection (d) and inserting the 
        following:
    ``(d) Priority for Services.--In providing services with 
funds received under this part, each recipient of such funds 
shall give priority to migratory children who have made a 
qualifying move within the previous 1-year period and who--
            ``(1) are failing, or most at risk of failing, to 
        meet the challenging State academic standards; or
            ``(2) have dropped out of school.''; and
            (4) in subsection (e)(3), by striking ``secondary 
        school students'' and inserting ``students''.
    (d) Secretarial Approval; Peer Review.--Section 1305 (20 
U.S.C. 6395) is amended to read as follows:

``SEC. 1305. SECRETARIAL APPROVAL; PEER REVIEW.

    ``The Secretary shall approve each State application that 
meets the requirements of this part, and may review any such 
application with the assistance and advice of State officials 
and other officials with relevant expertise.''.
    (e) Comprehensive Needs Assessment and Service-delivery 
Plan; Authorized Activities.--Section 1306 (20 U.S.C. 6396) is 
amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)(1)--
                    (A) in the matter preceding subparagraph 
                (A), by striking ``special'' and inserting 
                ``unique'';
                    (B) in subparagraph (B)--
                            (i) in the matter preceding clause 
                        (i), by striking ``section 9302'' and 
                        inserting ``section 8302''; and
                            (ii) in clause (i), by striking 
                        ``special'' and inserting ``unique'';
                    (C) in subparagraph (C), by striking 
                ``challenging State academic content standards 
                and challenging State student academic 
                achievement standards'' and inserting 
                ``challenging State academic standards''; and
                    (D) in subparagraph (F), by striking ``part 
                A or B of title III'' and inserting ``part A of 
                title III''; and
            (2) in subsection (b)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1), by striking ``shall 
                have the flexibility to'' and inserting 
                ``retains the flexibility to''; and
                    (B) in paragraph (4), by striking ``special 
                educational'' and inserting ``unique 
                educational''.
    (f) Bypass.--Section 1307 (20 U.S.C. 6397) is amended--
            (1) in the matter preceding paragraph (1), by 
        striking ``nonprofit''; and
            (2) in paragraph (3), by striking ``welfare or 
        educational attainment'' and inserting ``educational 
        achievement''.
    (g) Coordination of Migrant Education Activities.--Section 
1308 (20 U.S.C. 6398) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)(1)--
                    (A) by striking ``nonprofit'';
                    (B) by inserting ``through'' after 
                ``including''; and
                    (C) by striking ``students'' and inserting 
                ``children''; and
            (2) in subsection (b)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1), by striking 
                ``developing effective methods for'';
                    (B) in paragraph (2)--
                            (i) in subparagraph (A)--
                                    (I) in the matter preceding 
                                clause (i), by striking ``The 
                                Secretary, in consultation'' 
                                and all that follows through 
                                ``include--'' and inserting the 
                                following: ``The Secretary, in 
                                consultation with the States, 
                                shall ensure the linkage of 
                                migrant student record systems 
                                for the purpose of 
                                electronically exchanging, 
                                among the States, health and 
                                educational information 
                                regarding all migratory 
                                students eligible under this 
                                part. The Secretary shall 
                                ensure that such linkage occurs 
                                in a cost-effective manner, 
                                utilizing systems used by the 
                                States prior to, or developed 
                                after, the date of the 
                                enactment of the Every Student 
                                Succeeds Act. Such information 
                                may include--'';
                                    (II) in clause (ii), by 
                                striking ``required under 
                                section 1111(b)'' and inserting 
                                ``under section 1111(b)(2)''; 
                                and
                                    (III) in clause (iii), by 
                                striking ``high standards'' and 
                                inserting ``the challenging 
                                State academic standards'';
                            (ii) by redesignating subparagraph 
                        (B) as subparagraph (C);
                            (iii) by inserting after 
                        subparagraph (A) the following:
                    ``(B) Consultation.--The Secretary shall 
                maintain ongoing consultation with the States, 
                local educational agencies, and other migratory 
                student service providers on--
                            ``(i) the effectiveness of the 
                        system described in subparagraph (A); 
                        and
                            ``(ii) the ongoing improvement of 
                        such system.''; and
                            (iv) in subparagraph (C), as 
                        redesignated by clause (ii)--
                                    (I) by striking ``the 
                                proposed data elements'' and 
                                inserting ``any new proposed 
                                data elements''; and
                                    (II) by striking ``Such 
                                publication shall occur not 
                                later than 120 days after the 
                                date of enactment of the No 
                                Child Left Behind Act of 
                                2001.''; and
                    (C) by striking paragraph (4).
    (h) Definitions.--Section 1309 (20 U.S.C. 6399) is 
amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1)(B), by striking ``nonprofit''; 
        and
            (2) by striking paragraph (2) and inserting the 
        following:
            ``(2) Migratory agricultural worker.--The term 
        `migratory agricultural worker' means an individual who 
        made a qualifying move in the preceding 36 months and, 
        after doing so, engaged in new temporary or seasonal 
        employment or personal subsistence in agriculture, 
        which may be dairy work or the initial processing of 
        raw agricultural products. If an individual did not 
        engage in such new employment soon after a qualifying 
        move, such individual may be considered a migratory 
        agricultural worker if the individual actively sought 
        such new employment and has a recent history of moves 
        for temporary or seasonal agricultural employment.
            ``(3) Migratory child.--The term `migratory child' 
        means a child or youth who made a qualifying move in 
        the preceding 36 months--
                    ``(A) as a migratory agricultural worker or 
                a migratory fisher; or
                    ``(B) with, or to join, a parent or spouse 
                who is a migratory agricultural worker or a 
                migratory fisher.
            ``(4) Migratory fisher.--The term `migratory 
        fisher' means an individual who made a qualifying move 
        in the preceding 36 months and, after doing so, engaged 
        in new temporary or seasonal employment or personal 
        subsistence in fishing. If the individual did not 
        engage in such new employment soon after the move, the 
        individual may be considered a migratory fisher if the 
        individual actively sought such new employment and has 
        a recent history of moves for temporary or seasonal 
        fishing employment.
            ``(5) Qualifying move.--The term `qualifying move' 
        means a move due to economic necessity--
                    ``(A) from one residence to another 
                residence; and
                    ``(B) from one school district to another 
                school district, except--
                            ``(i) in the case of a State that 
                        is comprised of a single school 
                        district, wherein a qualifying move is 
                        from one administrative area to another 
                        within such district; or
                            ``(ii) in the case of a school 
                        district of more than 15,000 square 
                        miles, wherein a qualifying move is a 
                        distance of 20 miles or more to a 
                        temporary residence.''.

PART D--PREVENTION AND INTERVENTION PROGRAMS FOR CHILDREN AND YOUTH WHO 
                 ARE NEGLECTED, DELINQUENT, OR AT-RISK

SEC. 1401. PREVENTION AND INTERVENTION PROGRAMS FOR CHILDREN AND YOUTH 
                    WHO ARE NEGLECTED, DELINQUENT, OR AT-RISK.

    Part D of title I (20 U.S.C. 6421 et seq.) is amended--
            (1) in section 1401(a)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1)--
                            (i) by inserting ``, tribal,'' 
                        after ``youth in local''; and
                            (ii) by striking ``challenging 
                        State academic content standards and 
                        challenging State student academic 
                        achievement standards'' and inserting 
                        ``challenging State academic 
                        standards''; and
                    (B) in paragraph (3), by inserting ``and 
                the involvement of their families and 
                communities'' after ``to ensure their continued 
                education'';
            (2) in section 1412(b), by striking paragraph (2) 
        and inserting the following:
            ``(2) Minimum percentage.--The percentage in 
        paragraph (1)(A) shall not be less than 85 percent.'';
            (3) in section 1414--
                    (A) in subsection (a)--
                            (i) in paragraph (1)(B), by 
                        striking ``from correctional facilities 
                        to locally operated programs'' and 
                        inserting ``between correctional 
                        facilities and locally operated 
                        programs''; and
                            (ii) in paragraph (2)--
                                    (I) in subparagraph (A)--
                                            (aa) by striking 
                                        ``the program goals, 
                                        objectives, and 
                                        performance measures 
                                        established by the 
                                        State'' and inserting 
                                        ``the program 
                                        objectives and outcomes 
                                        established by the 
                                        State''; and
                                            (bb) by striking 
                                        ``vocational'' and 
                                        inserting ``career'';
                                    (II) in subparagraph (B), 
                                by striking ``and'' after the 
                                semicolon;
                                    (III) by redesignating 
                                subparagraph (C) as 
                                subparagraph (D);
                                    (IV) by inserting after 
                                subparagraph (B) the following:
                    ``(C) describe how the State will place a 
                priority for such children to attain a regular 
                high school diploma, to the extent feasible;'';
                                    (V) in subparagraph (D), as 
                                redesignated by subclause 
                                (III)--
                                            (aa) in clause (i), 
                                        by inserting ``and'' 
                                        after the semicolon;
                                            (bb) by striking 
                                        clause (ii) and 
                                        redesignating clause 
                                        (iii) as clause (ii); 
                                        and
                                            (cc) by striking 
                                        clause (iv); and
                                    (VI) by adding at the end 
                                the following:
                    ``(E) provide assurances that the State 
                educational agency has established--
                            ``(i) procedures to ensure the 
                        timely re-enrollment of each student 
                        who has been placed in the juvenile 
                        justice system in secondary school or 
                        in a re-entry program that best meets 
                        the needs of the student, including the 
                        transfer of credits that such student 
                        earns during placement; and
                            ``(ii) opportunities for such 
                        students to participate in credit-
                        bearing coursework while in secondary 
                        school, postsecondary education, or 
                        career and technical education 
                        programming.''; and
                    (B) in subsection (c)--
                            (i) in paragraph (1), by inserting 
                        ``and, to the extent practicable, 
                        provide for such assessment upon entry 
                        into a correctional facility'' after 
                        ``to be served under this subpart'';
                            (ii) in paragraph (6)--
                                    (I) by striking ``carry out 
                                the evaluation requirements of 
                                section 9601 and how'' and 
                                inserting ``use'';
                                    (II) by inserting ``under 
                                section 8601'' after ``recent 
                                evaluation''; and
                                    (III) by striking ``will be 
                                used'';
                            (iii) in paragraph (7), by striking 
                        ``section 9521'' and inserting 
                        ``section 8521'';
                            (iv) paragraph (8)--
                                    (I) by striking ``Public 
                                Law 105-220'' and inserting 
                                ``the Workforce Innovation and 
                                Opportunity Act''; and
                                    (II) by striking 
                                ``vocational'' and inserting 
                                ``career'';
                            (v) in paragraph (9)--
                                    (I) by inserting ``and 
                                after'' after ``prior to''; and
                                    (II) by inserting ``in 
                                order to facilitate the 
                                transition of such children and 
                                youth between the correctional 
                                facility and the local 
                                educational agency or 
                                alternative education program'' 
                                after ``the local educational 
                                agency or alternative education 
                                program'';
                            (vi) in paragraph (11), by striking 
                        ``transition of children and youth from 
                        such facility or institution to'' and 
                        inserting ``transition of such children 
                        and youth between such facility or 
                        institution and'';
                            (vii) in paragraph (16)--
                                    (I) by inserting ``and 
                                attain a regular high school 
                                diploma'' after ``to encourage 
                                the children and youth to 
                                reenter school''; and
                                    (II) by striking ``achieve 
                                a secondary school diploma'' 
                                and inserting ``attain a 
                                regular high school diploma'';
                            (viii) in paragraph (17), by 
                        inserting ``certified or licensed'' 
                        after ``provides an assurance that'';
                            (ix) in paragraph (18), by striking 
                        ``and'' after the semicolon;
                            (x) in paragraph (19), by striking 
                        the period at the end and inserting ``; 
                        and''; and
                            (xi) by adding at the end the 
                        following:
            ``(20) describes how the State agency will, to the 
        extent feasible--
                    ``(A) note when a youth has come into 
                contact with both the child welfare and 
                juvenile justice systems; and
                    ``(B) deliver services and interventions 
                designed to keep such youth in school that are 
                evidence-based (to the extent a State 
                determines that such evidence is reasonably 
                available).'';
            (4) in section 1415--
                    (A) in subsection (a)--
                            (i) in paragraph (1)(B), by 
                        striking ``vocational or technical 
                        training'' and inserting ``career and 
                        technical education''; and
                            (ii) in paragraph (2)--
                                    (I) by striking 
                                subparagraph (A) and inserting 
                                the following:
                    ``(A) may include--
                            ``(i) the acquisition of equipment;
                            ``(ii) pay-for-success initiatives; 
                        or
                            ``(iii) providing targeted services 
                        for youth who have come in contact with 
                        both the child welfare system and 
                        juvenile justice system;'';
                                    (II) in subparagraph (B)--
                                            (aa) in clause (i), 
                                        by striking ``the 
                                        State's challenging 
                                        academic content 
                                        standards and student 
                                        academic achievement 
                                        standards'' and 
                                        inserting ``the 
                                        challenging State 
                                        academic standards'';
                                            (bb) in clause 
                                        (ii), by striking 
                                        ``supplement and 
                                        improve'' and inserting 
                                        ``respond to the 
                                        educational needs of 
                                        such children and 
                                        youth, including by 
                                        supplementing and 
                                        improving''; and
                                            (cc) in clause 
                                        (iii)--
                                                    (AA) by 
                                                striking 
                                                ``challenging 
                                                State academic 
                                                achievement 
                                                standards'' and 
                                                inserting 
                                                ``challenging 
                                                State academic 
                                                standards''; 
                                                and
                                                    (BB) by 
                                                inserting 
                                                ``and'' after 
                                                the semicolon;
                                    (III) in subparagraph (C)--
                                            (aa) by striking 
                                        ``section 1120A and 
                                        part I'' and inserting 
                                        ``section 1118 and part 
                                        F''; and
                                            (bb) by striking 
                                        ``; and'' and inserting 
                                        a period; and
                                    (IV) by striking 
                                subparagraph (D); and
                    (B) in subsection (b), by striking 
                ``section 1120A'' and inserting ``section 
                1118'';
            (5) in section 1416--
                    (A) in paragraph (3)--
                            (i) by striking ``challenging State 
                        academic content standards and student 
                        academic achievement standards'' and 
                        inserting ``challenging State academic 
                        standards''; and
                            (ii) by striking ``complete 
                        secondary school, attain a secondary 
                        diploma'' and inserting ``attain a 
                        regular high school diploma'';
                    (B) in paragraph (4)--
                            (i) by striking ``pupil'' and 
                        inserting ``specialized instructional 
                        support''; and
                            (ii) by inserting ``, and how 
                        relevant and appropriate academic 
                        records and plans regarding the 
                        continuation of educational services 
                        for such children or youth are shared 
                        jointly between the State agency 
                        operating the institution or program 
                        and local educational agency in order 
                        to facilitate the transition of such 
                        children and youth between the local 
                        educational agency and the State 
                        agency'' after ``children and youth 
                        described in paragraph (1)''; and
                    (C) in paragraph (6), by striking ``student 
                progress'' and inserting ``and improve student 
                achievement'';
            (6) in section 1418(a)--
                    (A) by striking paragraph (1) and inserting 
                the following:
            ``(1) projects that facilitate the transition of 
        children and youth between State-operated institutions, 
        or institutions in the State operated by the Secretary 
        of the Interior, and schools served by local 
        educational agencies or schools operated or funded by 
        the Bureau of Indian Education; or''; and
                    (B) in paragraph (2)--
                            (i) by striking ``vocational'' each 
                        place the term appears and inserting 
                        ``career''; and
                            (ii) in the matter preceding 
                        subparagraph (A), by striking 
                        ``secondary'' and inserting ``regular 
                        high'';
            (7) in section 1419--
                    (A) by striking the section heading and 
                inserting ``TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE''; and
                    (B) by striking ``for a fiscal year'' and 
                all that follows through ``to provide'' and 
                inserting ``for a fiscal year to provide'';
            (8) in section 1421(3), by inserting ``, including 
        schools operated or funded by the Bureau of Indian 
        Education,'' after ``local schools'';
            (9) in section 1422(d), by striking ``impact on 
        meeting the transitional'' and inserting ``impact on 
        meeting such transitional'';
            (10) in section 1423--
                    (A) in paragraph (2)(B), by inserting ``, 
                including such facilities operated by the 
                Secretary of the Interior and Indian tribes'' 
                after ``the juvenile justice system'';
                    (B) by striking paragraph (4) and inserting 
                the following:
            ``(4) a description of the program operated by 
        participating schools to facilitate the successful 
        transition of children and youth returning from 
        correctional facilities and, as appropriate, the types 
        of services that such schools will provide such 
        children and youth and other at-risk children and 
        youth;'';
                    (C) in paragraph (7)--
                            (i) by inserting ``institutions of 
                        higher education or'' after 
                        ``partnerships with''; and
                            (ii) by striking ``develop 
                        training, curriculum-based youth 
                        entrepreneurship education'' and 
                        inserting ``facilitate postsecondary 
                        and workforce success for children and 
                        youth returning from correctional 
                        facilities, such as through 
                        participation in credit-bearing 
                        coursework while in secondary school, 
                        enrollment in postsecondary education, 
                        participation in career and technical 
                        education programming'';
                    (D) in paragraph (8), by inserting ``and 
                family members'' after ``will involve 
                parents'';
                    (E) in paragraph (9), by striking 
                ``vocational'' and inserting ``career''; and
                    (F) in paragraph (13), by striking 
                ``regular'' and inserting ``traditional'';
            (11) in section 1424--
                    (A) in the matter before paragraph (1), by 
                striking ``Funds provided'' and inserting the 
                following:
    ``(a) In General.--Funds provided'';
                    (B) in paragraph (2), by striking ``, 
                including'' and all that follows through ``gang 
                members'';
                    (C) in paragraph (4)--
                            (i) by striking ``vocational'' and 
                        inserting ``career''; and
                            (ii) by striking ``and'' after the 
                        semicolon; and
                    (D) in paragraph (5), by striking the 
                period at the end and inserting a semicolon;
                    (E) by inserting the following after 
                paragraph (5):
            ``(6) programs for at-risk Indian children and 
        youth, including such children and youth in 
        correctional facilities in the area served by the local 
        educational agency that are operated by the Secretary 
        of the Interior or Indian tribes; and
            ``(7) pay for success initiatives.''; and
                    (F) by inserting after paragraph (7) the 
                following:
    ``(b) Contracts and Grants.--A local educational agency may 
use a subgrant received under this subpart to carry out the 
activities described under paragraphs (1) through (7) of 
subsection (a) directly or through subgrants, contracts, or 
cooperative agreements.'';
            (12) in section 1425--
                    (A) in paragraph (4)--
                            (i) by inserting ``and attain a 
                        regular high school diploma'' after 
                        ``reenter school''; and
                            (ii) by striking ``a secondary 
                        school diploma'' and inserting ``a 
                        regular high school diploma'';
                    (B) in paragraph (6), by striking ``high 
                academic achievement standards'' and inserting 
                ``the challenging State academic standards'';
                    (C) in paragraph (9), by striking 
                ``vocational'' and inserting ``career'';
                    (D) in paragraph (10), by striking ``and'' 
                after the semicolon;
                    (E) in paragraph (11), by striking the 
                period at the end and inserting a semicolon; 
                and
                    (F) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(12) upon the child's or youth's entry into the 
        correctional facility, work with the child's or youth's 
        family members and the local educational agency that 
        most recently provided services to the child or youth 
        (if applicable) to ensure that the relevant and 
        appropriate academic records and plans regarding the 
        continuation of educational services for such child or 
        youth are shared jointly between the correctional 
        facility and local educational agency in order to 
        facilitate the transition of such children and youth 
        between the local educational agency and the 
        correctional facility; and
            ``(13) consult with the local educational agency 
        for a period jointly determined necessary by the 
        correctional facility and local educational agency upon 
        discharge from that facility, to coordinate educational 
        services so as to minimize disruption to the child's or 
        youth's achievement.'';
            (13) in section 1426--
                    (A) in paragraph (1), by striking 
                ``reducing dropout rates for male students and 
                for female students over a 3-year period'' and 
                inserting ``the number of children and youth 
                attaining a regular high school diploma or its 
                recognized equivalent''; and
                    (B) in paragraph (2)--
                            (i) by striking ``obtaining a 
                        secondary school diploma'' and 
                        inserting ``attaining a regular high 
                        school diploma''; and
                            (ii) by striking ``obtaining 
                        employment'' and inserting ``attaining 
                        employment'';
            (14) in section 1431(a)--
                    (A) in the matter preceding paragraph (1), 
                by inserting ``while protecting individual 
                student privacy,'' after ``age'';
                    (B) striking ``secondary'' each place the 
                term appears and inserting ``high'';
                    (C) in paragraph (1), by inserting ``and to 
                graduate from high school in the number of 
                years established by the State under either the 
                four-year adjusted cohort graduation rate or 
                the extended-year adjusted cohort graduation 
                rate, if applicable'' after ``educational 
                achievement''; and
                    (D) in paragraph (3), by inserting ``or 
                school operated or funded by the Bureau of 
                Indian Education'' after ``local educational 
                agency''; and
            (15) in section 1432(2)--
                    (A) by inserting ``dependency adjudication, 
                or delinquency adjudication,'' after 
                ``failure,'';
                    (B) by striking ``has limited English 
                proficiency'' and inserting ``is an English 
                learner''; and
                    (C) by inserting ``or child welfare 
                system'' after ``juvenile justice system''.

          PART E--FLEXIBILITY FOR EQUITABLE PER-PUPIL FUNDING

SEC. 1501. FLEXIBILITY FOR EQUITABLE PER-PUPIL FUNDING.

    (a) Reorganization.--Title I (20 U.S.C. 6571 et seq.), as 
amended by this title, is further amended--
            (1) by striking parts E through H;
            (2) by redesignating part I as part F;
            (3) by striking sections 1907 and 1908;
            (4) by redesignating sections 1901 through 1903 as 
        sections 1601 through 1603, respectively; and
            (5) by redesignating sections 1905 and 1906 as 
        sections 1604 and 1605, respectively.
    (b) In General.--Title I (20 U.S.C. 6571 et seq.), as 
amended by this title, is further amended by inserting after 
section 1432 the following:

         ``PART E--FLEXIBILITY FOR EQUITABLE PER-PUPIL FUNDING

``SEC. 1501. FLEXIBILITY FOR EQUITABLE PER-PUPIL FUNDING.

    ``(a) Purpose.--The purpose of the program under this 
section is to provide local educational agencies with 
flexibility to consolidate eligible Federal funds and State and 
local education funding in order to create a single school 
funding system based on weighted per-pupil allocations for low-
income and otherwise disadvantaged students.
    ``(b) Authority.--
            ``(1) In general.--The Secretary is authorized to 
        enter into local flexibility demonstration agreements--
                    ``(A) for not more than 3 years with local 
                educational agencies that are selected under 
                subsection (c) and submit proposed agreements 
                that meet the requirements of subsection (d); 
                and
                    ``(B) under which such agencies may 
                consolidate and use funds in accordance with 
                subsection (d) in order to develop and 
                implement a school funding system based on 
                weighted per-pupil allocations for low-income 
                and otherwise disadvantaged students.
            ``(2) Flexibility.--Except as described in 
        subsection (d)(1)(I), the Secretary is authorized to 
        waive, for local educational agencies entering into 
        agreements under this section, any provision of this 
        Act that would otherwise prevent such agency from using 
        eligible Federal funds as part of such agreement.
    ``(c) Selection of Local Educational Agencies.--
            ``(1) In general.--The Secretary may enter into 
        local flexibility demonstration agreements with not 
        more than 50 local educational agencies with an 
        approved application under subsection (d).
            ``(2) Selection.--Each local educational agency 
        shall be selected based on such agency--
                    ``(A) submitting a proposed local 
                flexibility demonstration agreement under 
                subsection (d);
                    ``(B) demonstrating that the agreement 
                meets the requirements of such subsection; and
                    ``(C) agreeing to meet the continued 
                demonstration requirements under subsection 
                (e).
            ``(3) Expansion.--Beginning with the 2019-2020 
        academic year, the Secretary may extend funding 
        flexibility authorized under this section to any local 
        educational agency that submits and has approved an 
        application under subsection (d), as long as a 
        significant majority of the demonstration agreements 
        with local educational agencies described in paragraph 
        (1) meet the requirements of subsection (d)(2) and 
        subsection (e)(1) as of the end of the 2018-2019 
        academic year.
    ``(d) Required Terms of Local Flexibility Demonstration 
Agreement.--
            ``(1) Application.--Each local educational agency 
        that desires to participate in the program under this 
        section shall submit, at such time and in such form as 
        the Secretary may prescribe, an application to enter 
        into a local flexibility demonstration agreement with 
        the Secretary in order to develop and implement a 
        school funding system based on weighted per-pupil 
        allocations that meets the requirements of this 
        section. The application shall include--
                    ``(A) a description of the school funding 
                system based on weighted per-pupil allocations, 
                including--
                            ``(i) the weights used to allocate 
                        funds within such system;
                            ``(ii) the local educational 
                        agency's legal authority to use State 
                        and local education funds consistent 
                        with this section;
                            ``(iii) how such system will meet 
                        the requirements of paragraph (2); and
                            ``(iv) how such system will support 
                        the academic achievement of students, 
                        including low-income students, the 
                        lowest-achieving students, English 
                        learners, and children with 
                        disabilities;
                    ``(B) a list of funding sources, including 
                eligible Federal funds, the local educational 
                agency will include in such system;
                    ``(C) a description of the amount and 
                percentage of total local educational agency 
                funding, including State and local education 
                funds and eligible Federal funds, that will be 
                allocated through such system;
                    ``(D) the per-pupil expenditures (which 
                shall include actual personnel expenditures, 
                including staff salary differentials for years 
                of employment, and actual nonpersonnel 
                expenditures) of State and local education 
                funds for each school served by the agency for 
                the preceding fiscal year;
                    ``(E) the per-pupil amount of eligible 
                Federal funds each school served by the agency 
                received in the preceding fiscal year, 
                disaggregated by the programs supported by the 
                eligible Federal funds;
                    ``(F) a description of how such system will 
                ensure that any eligible Federal funds 
                allocated through the system will meet the 
                purposes of each Federal program supported by 
                such funds, including serving students from 
                low-income families, English learners, 
                migratory children, and children who are 
                neglected, delinquent, or at risk, as 
                applicable;
                    ``(G) an assurance that the local 
                educational agency developed and will implement 
                the local flexibility demonstration agreement 
                in consultation with teachers, principals, 
                other school leaders (including charter school 
                leaders in a local educational agency that has 
                charter schools), administrators of Federal 
                programs impacted by the agreement, parents, 
                community leaders, and other relevant 
                stakeholders;
                    ``(H) an assurance that the local 
                educational agency will use fiscal control and 
                sound accounting procedures that ensure proper 
                disbursement of, and accounting for, eligible 
                Federal funds consolidated and used under such 
                system;
                    ``(I) an assurance that the local 
                educational agency will continue to meet the 
                requirements of sections 1117, 1118, and 8501; 
                and
                    ``(J) an assurance that the local 
                educational agency will meet the requirements 
                of all applicable Federal civil rights laws in 
                carrying out the agreement and in consolidating 
                and using funds under the agreement.
            ``(2) Requirements of the system.--
                    ``(A) In general.--A local educational 
                agency's school funding system based on 
                weighted per-pupil allocations shall--
                            ``(i) except as allowed under 
                        clause (iv), allocate a significant 
                        portion of funds, including State and 
                        local education funds and eligible 
                        Federal funds, to the school level 
                        based on the number of students in a 
                        school and a formula developed by the 
                        agency under this section that 
                        determines per-pupil weighted amounts;
                            ``(ii) use weights or allocation 
                        amounts that allocate substantially 
                        more funding to English learners, 
                        students from low-income families, and 
                        students with any other characteristics 
                        associated with educational 
                        disadvantage chosen by the local 
                        educational agency, than to other 
                        students;
                            ``(iii) ensure that each high-
                        poverty school receives, in the first 
                        year of the demonstration agreement--
                                    ``(I) more per-pupil 
                                funding, including from 
                                Federal, State, and local 
                                sources, for low-income 
                                students than such funding 
                                received for low-income 
                                students in the year prior to 
                                entering into a demonstration 
                                agreement under this section; 
                                and
                                    ``(II) at least as much 
                                per-pupil funding, including 
                                from Federal, State, and local 
                                sources, for English learners 
                                as such funding received for 
                                English learners in the year 
                                prior to entering into a 
                                demonstration agreement under 
                                this section;
                            ``(iv) be used to allocate to 
                        schools a significant percentage, which 
                        shall be a percentage agreed upon 
                        during the application process, of all 
                        the local educational agency's State 
                        and local education funds and eligible 
                        Federal funds; and
                            ``(v) include all school-level 
                        actual personnel expenditures for 
                        instructional staff (including staff 
                        salary differentials for years of 
                        employment) and actual nonpersonnel 
                        expenditures in the calculation of the 
                        local educational agency's State and 
                        local education funds and eligible 
                        Federal funds to be allocated under 
                        clause (i).
                    ``(B) Percentage.--In establishing the 
                percentage described in subparagraph (A)(iv) 
                for the system, the local educational agency 
                shall demonstrate that the percentage--
                            ``(i) under such subparagraph is 
                        sufficient to carry out the purposes of 
                        the demonstration agreement under this 
                        section and to meet each of the 
                        requirements of this subsection; and
                            ``(ii) of State and local education 
                        funds and eligible Federal funds that 
                        are not allocated through the local 
                        educational agency's school funding 
                        system based on weighted per-pupil 
                        allocations, does not undermine or 
                        conflict with the requirements of the 
                        demonstration agreement under this 
                        section.
                    ``(C) Expenditures.--After allocating funds 
                through the system, the local educational 
                agency shall charge schools for the per-pupil 
                expenditures of State and local education funds 
                and eligible Federal funds, including actual 
                personnel expenditures (including staff salary 
                differentials for years of employment) for 
                instructional staff and actual nonpersonnel 
                expenditures.
    ``(e) Continued Demonstration.--Each local educational 
agency with an approved application under subsection (d) shall 
annually--
            ``(1) demonstrate to the Secretary that, as 
        compared to the previous year, no high-poverty school 
        served by the agency received--
                    ``(A) less per-pupil funding, including 
                from Federal, State, and local sources, for 
                low-income students; or
                    ``(B) less per-pupil funding, including 
                from Federal, State, and local sources, for 
                English learners;
            ``(2) make public and report to the Secretary the 
        per-pupil expenditures (including actual personnel 
        expenditures that include staff salary differentials 
        for years of employment, and actual non-personnel 
        expenditures) of State and local education funds and 
        eligible Federal funds for each school served by the 
        agency, disaggregated by each quartile of students 
        attending the school based on student level of poverty 
        and by each major racial or ethnic group in the school, 
        for the preceding fiscal year;
            ``(3) make public the total number of students 
        enrolled in each school served by the agency and the 
        number of students enrolled in each such school 
        disaggregated by each of the subgroups of students, as 
        defined in section 1111(c)(2); and
            ``(4) notwithstanding paragraph (1), (2), or (3), 
        ensure that any information to be reported or made 
        public under this subsection is only reported or made 
        public if such information does not reveal personally 
        identifiable information.
    ``(f) Limitations on Administrative Expenditures.--Each 
local educational agency that has entered into a local 
flexibility demonstration agreement with the Secretary under 
this section may use, for administrative purposes, an amount of 
eligible Federal funds that is not more than the percentage of 
funds allowed for such purposes under any of the following:
            ``(1) This title.
            ``(2) Title II.
            ``(3) Title III.
            ``(4) Part A of title IV.
            ``(5) Part B of title V.
    ``(g) Peer Review.--The Secretary may establish a peer-
review process to assist in the review of a proposed local 
flexibility demonstration agreement.
    ``(h) Noncompliance.--The Secretary may, after providing 
notice and an opportunity for a hearing (including the 
opportunity to provide supporting evidence as provided for in 
subsection (i)), terminate a local flexibility demonstration 
agreement under this section if there is evidence that the 
local educational agency has failed to comply with the terms of 
the agreement and the requirements under subsections (d) and 
(e).
    ``(i) Evidence.--If a local educational agency believes 
that the Secretary's determination under subsection (h) is in 
error for statistical or other substantive reasons, the local 
educational agency may provide supporting evidence to the 
Secretary, and the Secretary shall consider that evidence 
before making a final determination.
    ``(j) Program Evaluation.--From the amount reserved for 
evaluation activities under section 8601, the Secretary, acting 
through the Director of the Institute of Education Sciences, 
shall, in consultation with the relevant program office at the 
Department, evaluate--
            ``(1) the implementation of the local flexibility 
        demonstration agreements under this section; and
            ``(2) the impact of such agreements on improving 
        the equitable distribution of State and local funding 
        and increasing student achievement.
    ``(k) Renewal of Local Flexibility Demonstration 
Agreement.--The Secretary may renew for additional 3-year terms 
a local flexibility demonstration agreement under this section 
if--
            ``(1) the local educational agency has met the 
        requirements under subsections (d)(2) and (e) and 
        agrees to, and has a high likelihood of, continuing to 
        meet such requirements; and
            ``(2) the Secretary determines that renewing the 
        local flexibility demonstration agreement is in the 
        interest of students served under this title and title 
        III.
    ``(l) Definitions.--In this section:
            ``(1) Eligible federal funds.--The term `eligible 
        Federal funds' means funds received by a local 
        educational agency under--
                    ``(A) this title;
                    ``(B) title II;
                    ``(C) title III;
                    ``(D) part A of title IV; and
                    ``(E) part B of title V.
            ``(2) High-poverty school.--The term `high-poverty 
        school' means a school that is in the highest 2 
        quartiles of schools served by a local educational 
        agency, based on the percentage of enrolled students 
        from low-income families.''.

                       PART F--GENERAL PROVISIONS

SEC. 1601. GENERAL PROVISIONS.

    (a) Federal Regulations.--Section 1601 (20 U.S.C. 6571), as 
redesignated by section 1501(a)(4) of this Act, is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a), by inserting ``, in 
        accordance with subsections (b) through (d) and subject 
        to section 1111(e),'' after ``may issue'';
            (2) in subsection (b)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1), by inserting 
                ``principals, other school leaders (including 
                charter school leaders),'' after ``teachers,'';
                    (B) in paragraph (2), by adding at the end 
                the following: ``Such regional meetings and 
                electronic exchanges of information shall be 
                public and notice of such meetings and 
                exchanges shall be provided to interested 
                stakeholders.'';
                    (C) in paragraph (3)(A), by striking 
                ``standards and assessments'' and inserting 
                ``standards, assessments under section 
                1111(b)(2), and the requirement under section 
                1118 that funds under part A be used to 
                supplement, and not supplant, State and local 
                funds'';
                    (D) by striking paragraph (4) and inserting 
                the following:
            ``(4) Process.--Such process--
                    ``(A) shall not be subject to the Federal 
                Advisory Committee Act (5 U.S.C. App.); and
                    ``(B) shall, unless otherwise provided as 
                described in subsection (c), follow the 
                provisions of subchapter III of chapter 5 of 
                title V, United States Code (commonly known as 
                the `Negotiated Rulemaking Act of 1990').''; 
                and
                    (E) by striking paragraph (5);
            (3) by redesignating subsection (c) as subsection 
        (d);
            (4) by inserting after subsection (b) the 
        following:
    ``(c) Alternative Process for Certain Exceptions.--If 
consensus, as defined in section 562 of title 5, United States 
Code, on any proposed regulation is not reached by the 
individuals selected under subsection (b)(3)(B) for the 
negotiated rulemaking process, or if the Secretary determines 
that a negotiated rulemaking process is unnecessary, the 
Secretary may propose a regulation in the following manner:
            ``(1) Notice to congress.--Not less than 15 
        business days prior to issuing a notice of proposed 
        rulemaking in the Federal Register, the Secretary shall 
        provide to the Committee on Health, Education, Labor, 
        and Pensions of the Senate, the Committee on Education 
        and the Workforce of the House of Representatives, and 
        other relevant congressional committees, notice of the 
        Secretary's intent to issue a notice of proposed 
        rulemaking that shall include--
                    ``(A) a copy of the proposed regulation;
                    ``(B) the need to issue the regulation;
                    ``(C) the anticipated burden, including the 
                time, cost, and paperwork burden, the 
                regulation will impose on State educational 
                agencies, local educational agencies, schools, 
                and other entities that may be impacted by the 
                regulation;
                    ``(D) the anticipated benefits to State 
                educational agencies, local educational 
                agencies, schools, and other entities that may 
                be impacted by the regulation; and
                    ``(E) any regulations that will be repealed 
                when the new regulation is issued.
            ``(2) Comment period for congress.--The Secretary 
        shall--
                    ``(A) before issuing any notice of proposed 
                rulemaking under this subsection, provide 
                Congress with a comment period of 15 business 
                days to make comments on the proposed 
                regulation, beginning on the date that the 
                Secretary provides the notice of intent to the 
                appropriate committees of Congress under 
                paragraph (1); and
                    ``(B) include and seek to address all 
                comments submitted by Congress in the public 
                rulemaking record for the regulation published 
                in the Federal Register.
            ``(3) Comment and review period; emergency 
        situations.--The comment and review period for any 
        proposed regulation shall be not less than 60 days 
        unless an emergency requires a shorter period, in which 
        case the Secretary shall--
                    ``(A) designate the proposed regulation as 
                an emergency with an explanation of the 
                emergency in the notice to Congress under 
                paragraph (1);
                    ``(B) publish the length of the comment and 
                review period in such notice and in the Federal 
                Register; and
                    ``(C) conduct immediately thereafter 
                regional meetings to review such proposed 
                regulation before issuing any final 
                regulation.'';
            (5) in subsection (d), as redesignated by paragraph 
        (3), by striking ``Regulations to carry out this part'' 
        and inserting ``Regulations to carry out this title''; 
        and
            (6) by inserting after subsection (d), as 
        redesignated by paragraph (3), the following:
    ``(e) Rule of Construction.--Nothing in this section 
affects the applicability of subchapter II of chapter 5, and 
chapter 7, of title 5, United States Code (commonly known as 
the `Administrative Procedure Act') or chapter 8 of title 5, 
United States Code (commonly known as the `Congressional Review 
Act').''.
    (b) Agreements and Records.--Subsection (a) of section 1602 
(20 U.S.C. 6572(a)), as redesignated by section 1501(a)(4) of 
this Act, is amended to read as follows:
    ``(a) Agreements.--In any case in which a negotiated 
rulemaking process is established under section 1601(b), all 
published proposed regulations shall conform to agreements that 
result from the rulemaking described in section 1601 unless the 
Secretary reopens the negotiated rulemaking process.''.
    (c) State Administration.--Section 1603 (20 U.S.C. 6573), 
as redesignated by section 1501(a)(4) of this Act, is further 
amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1)--
                            (i) in subparagraph (C), by 
                        striking ``and'' after the semicolon;
                            (ii) in subparagraph (D), by 
                        striking the period and inserting ``; 
                        and''; and
                            (iii) by adding at the end the 
                        following:
                    ``(E)(i) identify any duplicative or 
                contrasting requirements between the State and 
                Federal rules or regulations; and
                    ``(ii) eliminate the State rules and 
                regulations that are duplicative of Federal 
                requirements.''; and
                    (B) in paragraph (2), by striking ``the 
                challenging State student academic achievement 
                standards'' and inserting ``the challenging 
                State academic standards''; and
            (2) in subsection (b)(2), by striking subparagraphs 
        (C) through (G) and inserting the following:
                    ``(C) teachers from traditional public 
                schools and charter schools (if there are 
                charter schools in the State) and career and 
                technical educators;
                    ``(D) principals and other school leaders;
                    ``(E) parents;
                    ``(F) members of local school boards;
                    ``(G) representatives of private school 
                children;
                    ``(H) specialized instructional support 
                personnel and paraprofessionals;
                    ``(I) representatives of authorized public 
                chartering agencies (if there are charter 
                schools in the State); and
                    ``(J) charter school leaders (if there are 
                charter schools in the State).''.

 TITLE II--PREPARING, TRAINING, AND RECRUITING HIGH-QUALITY TEACHERS, 
                  PRINCIPALS, OR OTHER SCHOOL LEADERS

SEC. 2001. GENERAL PROVISIONS.

    (a) Title II Transfers and Related Amendments.--
            (1) Section 2366(b) (20 U.S.C. 6736(b)) is amended 
        by striking the matter following paragraph (2) and 
        inserting the following:
            ``(3) A State law that makes a limitation of 
        liability inapplicable if the civil action was brought 
        by an officer of a State or local government pursuant 
        to State or local law.''.
            (2) Subpart 4 of part D of title II (20 U.S.C. 
        6777) is amended, by striking the subpart designation 
        and heading and inserting the following:

                    ``Subpart 4--Internet Safety''.

            (3) Subpart 5 of part C of title II (20 U.S.C. 6731 
        et seq.) (as amended by paragraph (1) of this 
        subsection) is--
                    (A) transferred to title IX;
                    (B) inserted so as to appear after subpart 
                2 of part E of such title;
                    (C) redesignated as subpart 3 of such part; 
                and
                    (D) further amended by redesignating 
                sections 2361 through 2368 as sections 9541 
                through 9548, respectively.
            (4) Subpart 4 of part D of title II (20 U.S.C. 6777 
        et seq) (as amended by paragraph (2) of this 
        subsection) is--
                    (A) transferred to title IV;
                    (B) inserted so as to appear after subpart 
                4 of part A of such title;
                    (C) redesignated as subpart 5 of such part; 
                and
                    (D) further amended by redesignating 
                section 2441 as section 4161.

SEC. 2002. PREPARING, TRAINING, AND RECRUITING HIGH-QUALITY TEACHERS, 
                    PRINCIPALS, OR OTHER SCHOOL LEADERS.

    The Act (20 U.S.C. 6301 et seq.) is amended by striking 
title II and inserting the following:

``TITLE II--PREPARING, TRAINING, AND RECRUITING HIGH-QUALITY TEACHERS, 
                  PRINCIPALS, OR OTHER SCHOOL LEADERS

``SEC. 2001. PURPOSE.

    ``The purpose of this title is to provide grants to State 
educational agencies and subgrants to local educational 
agencies to--
            ``(1) increase student achievement consistent with 
        the challenging State academic standards;
            ``(2) improve the quality and effectiveness of 
        teachers, principals, and other school leaders;
            ``(3) increase the number of teachers, principals, 
        and other school leaders who are effective in improving 
        student academic achievement in schools; and
            ``(4) provide low-income and minority students 
        greater access to effective teachers, principals, and 
        other school leaders.

``SEC. 2002. DEFINITIONS.

    ``In this title:
            ``(1) School leader residency program.--The term 
        `school leader residency program' means a school-based 
        principal or other school leader preparation program in 
        which a prospective principal or other school leader--
                    ``(A) for 1 academic year, engages in 
                sustained and rigorous clinical learning with 
                substantial leadership responsibilities and an 
                opportunity to practice and be evaluated in an 
                authentic school setting; and
                    ``(B) during that academic year--
                            ``(i) participates in evidence-
                        based coursework, to the extent the 
                        State (in consultation with local 
                        educational agencies in the State) 
                        determines that such evidence is 
                        reasonably available, that is 
                        integrated with the clinical residency 
                        experience; and
                            ``(ii) receives ongoing support 
                        from a mentor principal or other school 
                        leader, who is effective.
            ``(2) State.--The term `State' means each of the 50 
        States, the District of Columbia, and the Commonwealth 
        of Puerto Rico.
            ``(3) State authorizer.--The term `State 
        authorizer' means an entity designated by the Governor 
        of a State to recognize teacher, principal, or other 
        school leader preparation academies within the State 
        that--
                    ``(A) enters into an agreement with a 
                teacher, principal, or other school leader 
                preparation academy that specifies the goals 
                expected of the academy, as described in 
                paragraph (4)(A)(i);
                    ``(B) may be a nonprofit organization, 
                State educational agency, or other public 
                entity, or consortium of such entities 
                (including a consortium of States); and
                    ``(C) does not reauthorize a teacher, 
                principal, or other school leader preparation 
                academy if the academy fails to produce the 
                minimum number or percentage of effective 
                teachers or principals or other school leaders, 
                respectively (as determined by the State), 
                identified in the academy's authorizing 
                agreement.
            ``(4) Teacher, principal, or other school leader 
        preparation academy.--The term `teacher, principal, or 
        other school leader preparation academy' means a public 
        or other nonprofit entity, which may be an institution 
        of higher education or an organization affiliated with 
        an institution of higher education, that establishes an 
        academy that will prepare teachers, principals, or 
        other school leaders to serve in high-needs schools, 
        and that--
                    ``(A) enters into an agreement with a State 
                authorizer that specifies the goals expected of 
                the academy, including--
                            ``(i) a requirement that 
                        prospective teachers, principals, or 
                        other school leaders who are enrolled 
                        in the academy receive a significant 
                        part of their training through clinical 
                        preparation that partners the 
                        prospective candidate with an effective 
                        teacher, principal, or other school 
                        leader, as determined by the State, 
                        respectively, with a demonstrated 
                        record of increasing student academic 
                        achievement, including for the 
                        subgroups of students defined in 
                        section 1111(c)(2), while also 
                        receiving concurrent instruction from 
                        the academy in the content area (or 
                        areas) in which the prospective 
                        teacher, principal, or other school 
                        leader will become certified or 
                        licensed that links to the clinical 
                        preparation experience;
                            ``(ii) the number of effective 
                        teachers, principals, or other school 
                        leaders, respectively, who will 
                        demonstrate success in increasing 
                        student academic achievement that the 
                        academy will prepare; and
                            ``(iii) a requirement that the 
                        academy will award a certificate of 
                        completion (or degree, if the academy 
                        is, or is affiliated with, an 
                        institution of higher education) to a 
                        teacher only after the teacher 
                        demonstrates that the teacher is an 
                        effective teacher, as determined by the 
                        State, with a demonstrated record of 
                        increasing student academic achievement 
                        either as a student teacher or teacher-
                        of-record on an alternative 
                        certificate, license, or credential;
                            ``(iv) a requirement that the 
                        academy will award a certificate of 
                        completion (or degree, if the academy 
                        is, or is affiliated with, an 
                        institution of higher education) to a 
                        principal or other school leader only 
                        after the principal or other school 
                        leader demonstrates a record of success 
                        in improving student performance; and
                            ``(v) timelines for producing 
                        cohorts of graduates and conferring 
                        certificates of completion (or degrees, 
                        if the academy is, or is affiliated 
                        with, an institution of higher 
                        education) from the academy;
                    ``(B) does not have unnecessary 
                restrictions on the methods the academy will 
                use to train prospective teacher, principal, or 
                other school leader candidates, including--
                            ``(i) obligating (or prohibiting) 
                        the academy's faculty to hold advanced 
                        degrees or conduct academic research;
                            ``(ii) restrictions related to the 
                        academy's physical infrastructure;
                            ``(iii) restrictions related to the 
                        number of course credits required as 
                        part of the program of study;
                            ``(iv) restrictions related to the 
                        undergraduate coursework completed by 
                        teachers teaching or working on 
                        alternative certificates, licenses, or 
                        credentials, as long as such teachers 
                        have successfully passed all relevant 
                        State-approved content area 
                        examinations; or
                            ``(v) restrictions related to 
                        obtaining accreditation from an 
                        accrediting body for purposes of 
                        becoming an academy;
                    ``(C) limits admission to its program to 
                prospective teacher, principal, or other school 
                leader candidates who demonstrate strong 
                potential to improve student academic 
                achievement, based on a rigorous selection 
                process that reviews a candidate's prior 
                academic achievement or record of professional 
                accomplishment; and
                    ``(D) results in a certificate of 
                completion or degree that the State may, after 
                reviewing the academy's results in producing 
                effective teachers, or principals, or other 
                school leaders, respectively (as determined by 
                the State) recognize as at least the equivalent 
                of a master's degree in education for the 
                purposes of hiring, retention, compensation, 
                and promotion in the State.
            ``(5) Teacher residency program.--The term `teacher 
        residency program' means a school-based teacher 
        preparation program in which a prospective teacher--
                    ``(A) for not less than 1 academic year, 
                teaches alongside an effective teacher, as 
                determined by the State or local educational 
                agency, who is the teacher of record for the 
                classroom;
                    ``(B) receives concurrent instruction 
                during the year described in subparagraph (A)--
                            ``(i) through courses that may be 
                        taught by local educational agency 
                        personnel or by faculty of the teacher 
                        preparation program; and
                            ``(ii) in the teaching of the 
                        content area in which the teacher will 
                        become certified or licensed; and
                    ``(C) acquires effective teaching skills, 
                as demonstrated through completion of a 
                residency program, or other measure determined 
                by the State, which may include a teacher 
                performance assessment.

``SEC. 2003. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

    ``(a) Grants to States and Local Educational Agencies.--For 
the purpose of carrying out part A, there are authorized to be 
appropriated $2,295,830,000 for each of fiscal years 2017 
through 2020.
    ``(b) National Activities.--For the purpose of carrying out 
part B, there are authorized to be appropriated--
            ``(1) $468,880,575 for each of fiscal years 2017 
        and 2018;
            ``(2) $469,168,000 for fiscal year 2019; and
            ``(3) $489,168,000 for fiscal year 2020.

               ``PART A--SUPPORTING EFFECTIVE INSTRUCTION

``SEC. 2101. FORMULA GRANTS TO STATES.

    ``(a) Reservation of Funds.--From the total amount 
appropriated under section 2003(a) for a fiscal year, the 
Secretary shall reserve--
            ``(1) one-half of 1 percent for allotments for the 
        United States Virgin Islands, Guam, American Samoa, and 
        the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, to be 
        distributed among those outlying areas on the basis of 
        their relative need, as determined by the Secretary, in 
        accordance with the purpose of this title; and
            ``(2) one-half of 1 percent for the Secretary of 
        the Interior for programs under this part in schools 
        operated or funded by the Bureau of Indian Education.
    ``(b) State Allotments.--
            ``(1) Hold harmless.--
                    ``(A) Fiscal years 2017 through 2022.--For 
                each of fiscal years 2017 through 2022, subject 
                to paragraph (2) and subparagraph (C), from the 
                funds appropriated under section 2003(a) for a 
                fiscal year that remain after the Secretary 
                makes the reservations under subsection (a), 
                the Secretary shall allot to each State an 
                amount equal to the total amount that such 
                State received for fiscal year 2001 under--
                            ``(i) section 2202(b) of this Act 
                        (as in effect on the day before the 
                        date of enactment of the No Child Left 
                        Behind Act of 2001); and
                            ``(ii) section 306 of the 
                        Department of Education Appropriations 
                        Act, 2001 (as enacted into law by 
                        section 1(a)(1) of Public Law 106-554).
                    ``(B) Ratable reduction.--If the funds 
                described in subparagraph (A) are insufficient 
                to pay the full amounts that all States are 
                eligible to receive under subparagraph (A) for 
                any fiscal year, the Secretary shall ratably 
                reduce those amounts for the fiscal year.
                    ``(C) Percentage reduction.--For each of 
                fiscal years 2017 through 2022, the amount in 
                subparagraph (A) shall be reduced by a 
                percentage equal to the product of 14.29 
                percent and the number of years between the 
                fiscal year for which the determination is 
                being made and fiscal year 2016.
            ``(2) Allotment of additional funds.--
                    ``(A) In general.--Subject to subparagraph 
                (B), for any fiscal year for which the funds 
                appropriated under section 2003(a) and not 
                reserved under subsection (a) exceed the total 
                amount required to make allotments under 
                paragraph (1), the Secretary shall allot to 
                each State the sum of--
                            ``(i) for fiscal year 2017--
                                    ``(I) an amount that bears 
                                the same relationship to 35 
                                percent of the excess amount as 
                                the number of individuals aged 
                                5 through 17 in the State, as 
                                determined by the Secretary on 
                                the basis of the most recent 
                                satisfactory data, bears to the 
                                number of those individuals in 
                                all such States, as so 
                                determined; and
                                    ``(II) an amount that bears 
                                the same relationship to 65 
                                percent of the excess amount as 
                                the number of individuals aged 
                                5 through 17 from families with 
                                incomes below the poverty line 
                                in the State, as determined by 
                                the Secretary on the basis of 
                                the most recent satisfactory 
                                data, bears to the number of 
                                those individuals in all such 
                                States, as so determined;
                            ``(ii) for fiscal year 2018--
                                    ``(I) an amount that bears 
                                the same relationship to 30 
                                percent of the excess amount as 
                                the number of individuals aged 
                                5 through 17 in the State, as 
                                determined by the Secretary on 
                                the basis of the most recent 
                                satisfactory data, bears to the 
                                number of those individuals in 
                                all such States, as so 
                                determined; and
                                    ``(II) an amount that bears 
                                the same relationship to 70 
                                percent of the excess amount as 
                                the number of individuals aged 
                                5 through 17 from families with 
                                incomes below the poverty line 
                                in the State, as determined by 
                                the Secretary on the basis of 
                                the most recent satisfactory 
                                data, bears to the number of 
                                those individuals in all such 
                                States, as so determined;
                            ``(iii) for fiscal year 2019--
                                    ``(I) an amount that bears 
                                the same relationship to 25 
                                percent of the excess amount as 
                                the number of individuals aged 
                                5 through 17 in the State, as 
                                determined by the Secretary on 
                                the basis of the most recent 
                                satisfactory data, bears to the 
                                number of those individuals in 
                                all such States, as so 
                                determined; and
                                    ``(II) an amount that bears 
                                the same relationship to 75 
                                percent of the excess amount as 
                                the number of individuals aged 
                                5 through 17 from families with 
                                incomes below the poverty line 
                                in the State, as determined by 
                                the Secretary on the basis of 
                                the most recent satisfactory 
                                data, bears to the number of 
                                those individuals in all such 
                                States, as so determined; and
                            ``(iv) for fiscal year 2020--
                                    ``(I) an amount that bears 
                                the same relationship to 20 
                                percent of the excess amount as 
                                the number of individuals aged 
                                5 through 17 in the State, as 
                                determined by the Secretary on 
                                the basis of the most recent 
                                satisfactory data, bears to the 
                                number of those individuals in 
                                all such States, as so 
                                determined; and
                                    ``(II) an amount that bears 
                                the same relationship to 80 
                                percent of the excess amount as 
                                the number of individuals aged 
                                5 through 17 from families with 
                                incomes below the poverty line 
                                in the State, as determined by 
                                the Secretary on the basis of 
                                the most recent satisfactory 
                                data, bears to the number of 
                                those individuals in all such 
                                States, as so determined.
                    ``(B) Exception.--No State receiving an 
                allotment under subparagraph (A) may receive 
                less than one-half of 1 percent of the total 
                excess amount allotted under such subparagraph 
                for a fiscal year.
            ``(3) Fiscal year 2021 and succeeding fiscal 
        years.--For fiscal year 2021 and each of the succeeding 
        fiscal years--
                    ``(A) the Secretary shall allot funds 
                appropriated under section 2003(a) and not 
                reserved under subsection (a) to each State in 
                accordance with paragraph (2)(A)(iv); and
                    ``(B) the amount appropriated but not 
                reserved shall be treated as the excess amount.
            ``(4) Reallotment.--If any State does not apply for 
        an allotment under this subsection for any fiscal year, 
        the Secretary shall reallot the amount of the allotment 
        to the remaining States in accordance with this 
        subsection.
    ``(c) State Uses of Funds.--
            ``(1) In general.--Except as provided under 
        paragraph (3), each State that receives an allotment 
        under subsection (b) for a fiscal year shall reserve 
        not less than 95 percent of such allotment to make 
        subgrants to local educational agencies for such fiscal 
        year, as described in section 2102.
            ``(2) State administration.--A State educational 
        agency may use not more than 1 percent of the amount 
        allotted to such State under subsection (b) for the 
        administrative costs of carrying out such State 
        educational agency's responsibilities under this part.
            ``(3) Principals or other school leaders.--
        Notwithstanding paragraph (1) and in addition to funds 
        otherwise available for activities under paragraph (4), 
        a State educational agency may reserve not more than 3 
        percent of the amount reserved for subgrants to local 
        educational agencies under paragraph (1) for one or 
        more of the activities for principals or other school 
        leaders that are described in paragraph (4).
            ``(4) State activities.--
                    ``(A) In general.--The State educational 
                agency for a State that receives an allotment 
                under subsection (b) may use funds not reserved 
                under paragraph (1) to carry out 1 or more of 
                the activities described in subparagraph (B), 
                which may be implemented in conjunction with a 
                State agency of higher education (if such 
                agencies are separate) and carried out through 
                a grant or contract with a for-profit or 
                nonprofit entity, including an institution of 
                higher education.
                    ``(B) Types of state activities.--The 
                activities described in this subparagraph are 
                the following:
                            ``(i) Reforming teacher, principal, 
                        or other school leader certification, 
                        recertification, licensing, or tenure 
                        systems or preparation program 
                        standards and approval processes to 
                        ensure that--
                                    ``(I) teachers have the 
                                necessary subject-matter 
                                knowledge and teaching skills, 
                                as demonstrated through 
                                measures determined by the 
                                State, which may include 
                                teacher performance 
                                assessments, in the academic 
                                subjects that the teachers 
                                teach to help students meet 
                                challenging State academic 
                                standards;
                                    ``(II) principals or other 
                                school leaders have the 
                                instructional leadership skills 
                                to help teachers teach and to 
                                help students meet such 
                                challenging State academic 
                                standards; and
                                    ``(III) teacher 
                                certification or licensing 
                                requirements are aligned with 
                                such challenging State academic 
                                standards.
                            ``(ii) Developing, improving, or 
                        providing assistance to local 
                        educational agencies to support the 
                        design and implementation of teacher, 
                        principal, or other school leader 
                        evaluation and support systems that are 
                        based in part on evidence of student 
                        academic achievement, which may include 
                        student growth, and shall include 
                        multiple measures of educator 
                        performance and provide clear, timely, 
                        and useful feedback to teachers, 
                        principals, or other school leaders, 
                        such as by--
                                    ``(I) developing and 
                                disseminating high-quality 
                                evaluation tools, such as 
                                classroom observation rubrics, 
                                and methods, including training 
                                and auditing, for ensuring 
                                inter-rater reliability of 
                                evaluation results;
                                    ``(II) developing and 
                                providing training to 
                                principals, other school 
                                leaders, coaches, mentors, and 
                                evaluators on how to accurately 
                                differentiate performance, 
                                provide useful and timely 
                                feedback, and use evaluation 
                                results to inform 
                                decisionmaking about 
                                professional development, 
                                improvement strategies, and 
                                personnel decisions; and
                                    ``(III) developing a system 
                                for auditing the quality of 
                                evaluation and support systems.
                            ``(iii) Improving equitable access 
                        to effective teachers.
                            ``(iv) Carrying out programs that 
                        establish, expand, or improve 
                        alternative routes for State 
                        certification of teachers (especially 
                        for teachers of children with 
                        disabilities, English learners, 
                        science, technology, engineering, 
                        mathematics, or other areas where the 
                        State experiences a shortage of 
                        educators), principals, or other school 
                        leaders, for--
                                    ``(I) individuals with a 
                                baccalaureate or master's 
                                degree, or other advanced 
                                degree;
                                    ``(II) mid-career 
                                professionals from other 
                                occupations;
                                    ``(III) paraprofessionals;
                                    ``(IV) former military 
                                personnel; and
                                    ``(V) recent graduates of 
                                institutions of higher 
                                education with records of 
                                academic distinction who 
                                demonstrate the potential to 
                                become effective teachers, 
                                principals, or other school 
                                leaders.
                            ``(v) Developing, improving, and 
                        implementing mechanisms to assist local 
                        educational agencies and schools in 
                        effectively recruiting and retaining 
                        teachers, principals, or other school 
                        leaders who are effective in improving 
                        student academic achievement, including 
                        effective teachers from 
                        underrepresented minority groups and 
                        teachers with disabilities, such as 
                        through--
                                    ``(I) opportunities for 
                                effective teachers to lead 
                                evidence-based (to the extent 
                                the State determines that such 
                                evidence is reasonably 
                                available) professional 
                                development for the peers of 
                                such effective teachers; and
                                    ``(II) providing training 
                                and support for teacher leaders 
                                and principals or other school 
                                leaders who are recruited as 
                                part of instructional 
                                leadership teams.
                            ``(vi) Fulfilling the State 
                        educational agency's responsibilities 
                        concerning proper and efficient 
                        administration and monitoring of the 
                        programs carried out under this part, 
                        including provision of technical 
                        assistance to local educational 
                        agencies.
                            ``(vii) Developing, or assisting 
                        local educational agencies in 
                        developing--
                                    ``(I) career opportunities 
                                and advancement initiatives 
                                that promote professional 
                                growth and emphasize multiple 
                                career paths, such as 
                                instructional coaching and 
                                mentoring (including hybrid 
                                roles that allow instructional 
                                coaching and mentoring while 
                                remaining in the classroom), 
                                school leadership, and 
                                involvement with school 
                                improvement and support;
                                    ``(II) strategies that 
                                provide differential pay, or 
                                other incentives, to recruit 
                                and retain teachers in high-
                                need academic subjects and 
                                teachers, principals, or other 
                                school leaders, in low-income 
                                schools and school districts, 
                                which may include performance-
                                based pay systems; and
                                    ``(III) new teacher, 
                                principal, or other school 
                                leader induction and mentoring 
                                programs that are, to the 
                                extent the State determines 
                                that such evidence is 
                                reasonably available, evidence-
                                based, and designed to--
                                            ``(aa) improve 
                                        classroom instruction 
                                        and student learning 
                                        and achievement, 
                                        including through 
                                        improving school 
                                        leadership programs; 
                                        and
                                            ``(bb) increase the 
                                        retention of effective 
                                        teachers, principals, 
                                        or other school 
                                        leaders.
                            ``(viii) Providing assistance to 
                        local educational agencies for the 
                        development and implementation of high-
                        quality professional development 
                        programs for principals that enable the 
                        principals to be effective and prepare 
                        all students to meet the challenging 
                        State academic standards.
                            ``(ix) Supporting efforts to train 
                        teachers, principals, or other school 
                        leaders to effectively integrate 
                        technology into curricula and 
                        instruction, which may include training 
                        to assist teachers in implementing 
                        blended learning (as defined in section 
                        4102(1)) projects.
                            ``(x) Providing training, technical 
                        assistance, and capacity-building to 
                        local educational agencies that receive 
                        a subgrant under this part.
                            ``(xi) Reforming or improving 
                        teacher, principal, or other school 
                        leader preparation programs, such as 
                        through establishing teacher residency 
                        programs and school leader residency 
                        programs.
                            ``(xii) Establishing or expanding 
                        teacher, principal, or other school 
                        leader preparation academies, with an 
                        amount of the funds described in 
                        subparagraph (A) that is not more than 
                        2 percent of the State's allotment, 
                        if--
                                    ``(I) allowable under State 
                                law;
                                    ``(II) the State enables 
                                candidates attending a teacher, 
                                principal, or other school 
                                leader preparation academy to 
                                be eligible for State financial 
                                aid to the same extent as 
                                participants in other State-
                                approved teacher or principal 
                                preparation programs, including 
                                alternative certification, 
                                licensure, or credential 
                                programs; and
                                    ``(III) the State enables 
                                teachers, principals, or other 
                                school leaders who are teaching 
                                or working while on alternative 
                                certificates, licenses, or 
                                credentials to teach or work in 
                                the State while enrolled in a 
                                teacher, principal, or other 
                                school leader preparation 
                                academy.
                            ``(xiii) Supporting the 
                        instructional services provided by 
                        effective school library programs.
                            ``(xiv) Developing, or assisting 
                        local educational agencies in 
                        developing, strategies that provide 
                        teachers, principals, or other school 
                        leaders with the skills, credentials, 
                        or certifications needed to educate all 
                        students in postsecondary education 
                        coursework through early college high 
                        school or dual or concurrent enrollment 
                        programs.
                            ``(xv) Providing training for all 
                        school personnel, including teachers, 
                        principals, other school leaders, 
                        specialized instructional support 
                        personnel, and paraprofessionals, 
                        regarding how to prevent and recognize 
                        child sexual abuse.
                            ``(xvi) Supporting opportunities 
                        for principals, other school leaders, 
                        teachers, paraprofessionals, early 
                        childhood education program directors, 
                        and other early childhood education 
                        program providers to participate in 
                        joint efforts to address the transition 
                        to elementary school, including issues 
                        related to school readiness.
                            ``(xvii) Developing and providing 
                        professional development and other 
                        comprehensive systems of support for 
                        teachers, principals, or other school 
                        leaders to promote high-quality 
                        instruction and instructional 
                        leadership in science, technology, 
                        engineering, and mathematics subjects, 
                        including computer science.
                            ``(xviii) Supporting the 
                        professional development and improving 
                        the instructional strategies of 
                        teachers, principals, or other school 
                        leaders to integrate career and 
                        technical education content into 
                        academic instructional practices, which 
                        may include training on best practices 
                        to understand State and regional 
                        workforce needs and transitions to 
                        postsecondary education and the 
                        workforce.
                            ``(xix) Enabling States, as a 
                        consortium, to voluntarily develop a 
                        process that allows teachers who are 
                        licensed or certified in a 
                        participating State to teach in other 
                        participating States without completing 
                        additional licensure or certification 
                        requirements, except that nothing in 
                        this clause shall be construed to allow 
                        the Secretary to exercise any 
                        direction, supervision, or control over 
                        State teacher licensing or 
                        certification requirements.
                            ``(xx) Supporting and developing 
                        efforts to train teachers on the 
                        appropriate use of student data to 
                        ensure that individual student privacy 
                        is protected as required by section 444 
                        of the General Education Provisions Act 
                        (commonly known as the `Family 
                        Educational Rights and Privacy Act of 
                        1974') (20 U.S.C. 1232g) and in 
                        accordance with State student privacy 
                        laws and local educational agency 
                        student privacy and technology use 
                        policies.
                            ``(xxi) Supporting other activities 
                        identified by the State that are, to 
                        the extent the State determines that 
                        such evidence is reasonably available, 
                        evidence-based and that meet the 
                        purpose of this title.
    ``(d) State Application.--
            ``(1) In general.--In order to receive an allotment 
        under this section for any fiscal year, a State shall 
        submit an application to the Secretary at such time and 
        in such manner as the Secretary may reasonably require.
            ``(2) Contents.--Each application described under 
        paragraph (1) shall include the following:
                    ``(A) A description of how the State 
                educational agency will use funds received 
                under this title for State-level activities 
                described in subsection (c).
                    ``(B) A description of the State's system 
                of certification and licensing of teachers, 
                principals, or other school leaders.
                    ``(C) A description of how activities under 
                this part are aligned with challenging State 
                academic standards.
                    ``(D) A description of how the activities 
                carried out with funds under this part are 
                expected to improve student achievement.
                    ``(E) If a State educational agency plans 
                to use funds under this part to improve 
                equitable access to effective teachers, 
                consistent with section 1111(g)(1)(B), a 
                description of how such funds will be used for 
                such purpose.
                    ``(F) If applicable, a description of how 
                the State educational agency will work with 
                local educational agencies in the State to 
                develop or implement State or local teacher, 
                principal, or other school leader evaluation 
                and support systems that meet the requirements 
                of subsection (c)(4)(B)(ii).
                    ``(G) An assurance that the State 
                educational agency will monitor the 
                implementation of activities under this part 
                and provide technical assistance to local 
                educational agencies in carrying out such 
                activities.
                    ``(H) An assurance that the State 
                educational agency will work in consultation 
                with the entity responsible for teacher, 
                principal, or other school leader professional 
                standards, certification, and licensing for the 
                State, and encourage collaboration between 
                educator preparation programs, the State, and 
                local educational agencies to promote the 
                readiness of new educators entering the 
                profession.
                    ``(I) An assurance that the State 
                educational agency will comply with section 
                8501 (regarding participation by private school 
                children and teachers).
                    ``(J) A description of how the State 
                educational agency will improve the skills of 
                teachers, principals, or other school leaders 
                in order to enable them to identify students 
                with specific learning needs, particularly 
                children with disabilities, English learners, 
                students who are gifted and talented, and 
                students with low literacy levels, and provide 
                instruction based on the needs of such 
                students.
                    ``(K) A description of how the State will 
                use data and ongoing consultation as described 
                in paragraph (3) to continually update and 
                improve the activities supported under this 
                part.
                    ``(L) A description of how the State 
                educational agency will encourage opportunities 
                for increased autonomy and flexibility for 
                teachers, principals, or other school leaders, 
                such as by establishing innovation schools that 
                have a high degree of autonomy over budget and 
                operations, are transparent and accountable to 
                the public, and lead to improved academic 
                outcomes for students.
                    ``(M) A description of actions the State 
                may take to improve preparation programs and 
                strengthen support for teachers, principals, or 
                other school leaders based on the needs of the 
                State, as identified by the State educational 
                agency.
            ``(3) Consultation.--In developing the State 
        application under this subsection, a State shall--
                    ``(A) meaningfully consult with teachers, 
                principals, other school leaders, 
                paraprofessionals (including organizations 
                representing such individuals), specialized 
                instructional support personnel, charter school 
                leaders (in a State that has charter schools), 
                parents, community partners, and other 
                organizations or partners with relevant and 
                demonstrated expertise in programs and 
                activities designed to meet the purpose of this 
                title;
                    ``(B) seek advice from the individuals, 
                organizations, or partners described in 
                subparagraph (A) regarding how best to improve 
                the State's activities to meet the purpose of 
                this title; and
                    ``(C) coordinate the State's activities 
                under this part with other related strategies, 
                programs, and activities being conducted in the 
                State.
            ``(4) Limitation.--Consultation required under 
        paragraph (3) shall not interfere with the timely 
        submission of the application required under this 
        section.
    ``(e) Prohibition.--Nothing in this section shall be 
construed to authorize the Secretary or any other officer or 
employee of the Federal Government to mandate, direct, or 
control any of the following:
            ``(1) The development, improvement, or 
        implementation of elements of any teacher, principal, 
        or other school leader evaluation system.
            ``(2) Any State or local educational agency's 
        definition of teacher, principal, or other school 
        leader effectiveness.
            ``(3) Any teacher, principal, or other school 
        leader professional standards, certification, or 
        licensing.

``SEC. 2102. SUBGRANTS TO LOCAL EDUCATIONAL AGENCIES.

    ``(a) Allocation of Funds to Local Educational Agencies.--
            ``(1) In general.--From funds reserved by a State 
        under section 2101(c)(1) for a fiscal year, the State, 
        acting through the State educational agency, shall 
        award subgrants to eligible local educational agencies 
        from allocations described in paragraph (2).
            ``(2) Allocation formula.--From the funds described 
        in paragraph (1), the State educational agency shall 
        allocate to each of the eligible local educational 
        agencies in the State for a fiscal year the sum of--
                    ``(A) an amount that bears the same 
                relationship to 20 percent of such funds for 
                such fiscal year as the number of individuals 
                aged 5 through 17 in the geographic area served 
                by the agency, as determined by the Secretary 
                on the basis of the most recent satisfactory 
                data, bears to the number of those individuals 
                in the geographic areas served by all eligible 
                local educational agencies in the State, as so 
                determined; and
                    ``(B) an amount that bears the same 
                relationship to 80 percent of the funds for 
                such fiscal year as the number of individuals 
                aged 5 through 17 from families with incomes 
                below the poverty line in the geographic area 
                served by the agency, as determined by the 
                Secretary on the basis of the most recent 
                satisfactory data, bears to the number of those 
                individuals in the geographic areas served by 
                all the eligible local educational agencies in 
                the State, as so determined.
            ``(3) Rule of construction.--Nothing in this 
        section shall be construed to prohibit a consortium of 
        local educational agencies that are designated with a 
        locale code of 41, 42, or 43, or such local educational 
        agencies designated with a locale code of 41, 42, or 43 
        that work in cooperation with an educational service 
        agency, from voluntarily combining allocations received 
        under this part for the collective use of funding by 
        the consortium for activities under this section.
    ``(b) Local Applications.--
            ``(1) In general.--To be eligible to receive a 
        subgrant under this section, a local educational agency 
        shall submit an application to the State educational 
        agency at such time, in such manner, and containing 
        such information as the State educational agency may 
        reasonably require.
            ``(2) Contents of application.--Each application 
        submitted under paragraph (1) shall include the 
        following:
                    ``(A) A description of the activities to be 
                carried out by the local educational agency 
                under this section and how these activities 
                will be aligned with challenging State academic 
                standards.
                    ``(B) A description of the local 
                educational agency's systems of professional 
                growth and improvement, such as induction for 
                teachers, principals, or other school leaders 
                and opportunities for building the capacity of 
                teachers and opportunities to develop 
                meaningful teacher leadership.
                    ``(C) A description of how the local 
                educational agency will prioritize funds to 
                schools served by the agency that are 
                implementing comprehensive support and 
                improvement activities and targeted support and 
                improvement activities under section 1111(d) 
                and have the highest percentage of children 
                counted under section 1124(c).
                    ``(D) A description of how the local 
                educational agency will use data and ongoing 
                consultation described in paragraph (3) to 
                continually update and improve activities 
                supported under this part.
                    ``(E) An assurance that the local 
                educational agency will comply with section 
                8501 (regarding participation by private school 
                children and teachers).
                    ``(F) An assurance that the local 
                educational agency will coordinate professional 
                development activities authorized under this 
                part with professional development activities 
                provided through other Federal, State, and 
                local programs.
            ``(3) Consultation.--In developing the application 
        described in paragraph (2), a local educational agency 
        shall--
                    ``(A) meaningfully consult with teachers, 
                principals, other school leaders, 
                paraprofessionals (including organizations 
                representing such individuals), specialized 
                instructional support personnel, charter school 
                leaders (in a local educational agency that has 
                charter schools), parents, community partners, 
                and other organizations or partners with 
                relevant and demonstrated expertise in programs 
                and activities designed to meet the purpose of 
                this title;
                    ``(B) seek advice from the individuals and 
                organizations described in subparagraph (A) 
                regarding how best to improve the local 
                educational agency's activities to meet the 
                purpose of this title; and
                    ``(C) coordinate the local educational 
                agency's activities under this part with other 
                related strategies, programs, and activities 
                being conducted in the community.
            ``(4) Limitation.--Consultation required under 
        paragraph (3) shall not interfere with the timely 
        submission of the application required under this 
        section.

``SEC. 2103. LOCAL USES OF FUNDS.

    ``(a) In General.--A local educational agency that receives 
a subgrant under section 2102 shall use the funds made 
available through the subgrant to develop, implement, and 
evaluate comprehensive programs and activities described in 
subsection (b), which may be carried out--
            ``(1) through a grant or contract with a for-profit 
        or nonprofit entity; or
            ``(2) in partnership with an institution of higher 
        education or an Indian tribe or tribal organization (as 
        such terms are defined under section 4 of the Indian 
        Self-Determination and Education Assistance Act (25 
        U.S.C. 450b)).
    ``(b) Types of Activities.--The programs and activities 
described in this subsection--
            ``(1) shall be in accordance with the purpose of 
        this title;
            ``(2) shall address the learning needs of all 
        students, including children with disabilities, English 
        learners, and gifted and talented students; and
            ``(3) may include, among other programs and 
        activities--
                    ``(A) developing or improving a rigorous, 
                transparent, and fair evaluation and support 
                system for teachers, principals, or other 
                school leaders that--
                            ``(i) is based in part on evidence 
                        of student achievement, which may 
                        include student growth; and
                            ``(ii) shall include multiple 
                        measures of educator performance and 
                        provide clear, timely, and useful 
                        feedback to teachers, principals, or 
                        other school leaders;
                    ``(B) developing and implementing 
                initiatives to assist in recruiting, hiring, 
                and retaining effective teachers, particularly 
                in low-income schools with high percentages of 
                ineffective teachers and high percentages of 
                students who do not meet the challenging State 
                academic standards, to improve within-district 
                equity in the distribution of teachers, 
                consistent with section 1111(g)(1)(B), such as 
                initiatives that provide--
                            ``(i) expert help in screening 
                        candidates and enabling early hiring;
                            ``(ii) differential and incentive 
                        pay for teachers, principals, or other 
                        school leaders in high-need academic 
                        subject areas and specialty areas, 
                        which may include performance-based pay 
                        systems;
                            ``(iii) teacher, paraprofessional, 
                        principal, or other school leader 
                        advancement and professional growth, 
                        and an emphasis on leadership 
                        opportunities, multiple career paths, 
                        and pay differentiation;
                            ``(iv) new teacher, principal, or 
                        other school leader induction and 
                        mentoring programs that are designed 
                        to--
                                    ``(I) improve classroom 
                                instruction and student 
                                learning and achievement; and
                                    ``(II) increase the 
                                retention of effective 
                                teachers, principals, or other 
                                school leaders;
                            ``(v) the development and provision 
                        of training for school leaders, 
                        coaches, mentors, and evaluators on how 
                        accurately to differentiate 
                        performance, provide useful feedback, 
                        and use evaluation results to inform 
                        decisionmaking about professional 
                        development, improvement strategies, 
                        and personnel decisions; and
                            ``(vi) a system for auditing the 
                        quality of evaluation and support 
                        systems;
                    ``(C) recruiting qualified individuals from 
                other fields to become teachers, principals, or 
                other school leaders, including mid-career 
                professionals from other occupations, former 
                military personnel, and recent graduates of 
                institutions of higher education with records 
                of academic distinction who demonstrate 
                potential to become effective teachers, 
                principals, or other school leaders;
                    ``(D) reducing class size to a level that 
                is evidence-based, to the extent the State (in 
                consultation with local educational agencies in 
                the State) determines that such evidence is 
                reasonably available, to improve student 
                achievement through the recruiting and hiring 
                of additional effective teachers;
                    ``(E) providing high-quality, personalized 
                professional development that is evidence-
                based, to the extent the State (in consultation 
                with local educational agencies in the State) 
                determines that such evidence is reasonably 
                available, for teachers, instructional 
                leadership teams, principals, or other school 
                leaders, that is focused on improving teaching 
                and student learning and achievement, including 
                supporting efforts to train teachers, 
                principals, or other school leaders to--
                            ``(i) effectively integrate 
                        technology into curricula and 
                        instruction (including education about 
                        the harms of copyright piracy);
                            ``(ii) use data to improve student 
                        achievement and understand how to 
                        ensure individual student privacy is 
                        protected, as required under section 
                        444 of the General Education Provisions 
                        Act (commonly known as the `Family 
                        Educational Rights and Privacy Act of 
                        1974') (20 U.S.C. 1232g) and State and 
                        local policies and laws in the use of 
                        such data;
                            ``(iii) effectively engage parents, 
                        families, and community partners, and 
                        coordinate services between school and 
                        community;
                            ``(iv) help all students develop 
                        the skills essential for learning 
                        readiness and academic success;
                            ``(v) develop policy with school, 
                        local educational agency, community, or 
                        State leaders; and
                            ``(vi) participate in opportunities 
                        for experiential learning through 
                        observation;
                    ``(F) developing programs and activities 
                that increase the ability of teachers to 
                effectively teach children with disabilities, 
                including children with significant cognitive 
                disabilities, and English learners, which may 
                include the use of multi-tier systems of 
                support and positive behavioral intervention 
                and supports, so that such children with 
                disabilities and English learners can meet the 
                challenging State academic standards;
                    ``(G) providing programs and activities to 
                increase--
                            ``(i) the knowledge base of 
                        teachers, principals, or other school 
                        leaders on instruction in the early 
                        grades and on strategies to measure 
                        whether young children are progressing; 
                        and
                            ``(ii) the ability of principals or 
                        other school leaders to support 
                        teachers, teacher leaders, early 
                        childhood educators, and other 
                        professionals to meet the needs of 
                        students through age 8, which may 
                        include providing joint professional 
                        learning and planning activities for 
                        school staff and educators in preschool 
                        programs that address the transition to 
                        elementary school;
                    ``(H) providing training, technical 
                assistance, and capacity-building in local 
                educational agencies to assist teachers, 
                principals, or other school leaders with 
                selecting and implementing formative 
                assessments, designing classroom-based 
                assessments, and using data from such 
                assessments to improve instruction and student 
                academic achievement, which may include 
                providing additional time for teachers to 
                review student data and respond, as 
                appropriate;
                    ``(I) carrying out in-service training for 
                school personnel in--
                            ``(i) the techniques and supports 
                        needed to help educators understand 
                        when and how to refer students affected 
                        by trauma, and children with, or at 
                        risk of, mental illness;
                            ``(ii) the use of referral 
                        mechanisms that effectively link such 
                        children to appropriate treatment and 
                        intervention services in the school and 
                        in the community, where appropriate;
                            ``(iii) forming partnerships 
                        between school-based mental health 
                        programs and public or private mental 
                        health organizations; and
                            ``(iv) addressing issues related to 
                        school conditions for student learning, 
                        such as safety, peer interaction, drug 
                        and alcohol abuse, and chronic 
                        absenteeism;
                    ``(J) providing training to support the 
                identification of students who are gifted and 
                talented, including high-ability students who 
                have not been formally identified for gifted 
                education services, and implementing 
                instructional practices that support the 
                education of such students, such as--
                            ``(i) early entrance to 
                        kindergarten;
                            ``(ii) enrichment, acceleration, 
                        and curriculum compacting activities; 
                        and
                            ``(iii) dual or concurrent 
                        enrollment programs in secondary school 
                        and postsecondary education;
                    ``(K) supporting the instructional services 
                provided by effective school library programs;
                    ``(L) providing training for all school 
                personnel, including teachers, principals, 
                other school leaders, specialized instructional 
                support personnel, and paraprofessionals, 
                regarding how to prevent and recognize child 
                sexual abuse;
                    ``(M) developing and providing professional 
                development and other comprehensive systems of 
                support for teachers, principals, or other 
                school leaders to promote high-quality 
                instruction and instructional leadership in 
                science, technology, engineering, and 
                mathematics subjects, including computer 
                science;
                    ``(N) developing feedback mechanisms to 
                improve school working conditions, including 
                through periodically and publicly reporting 
                results of educator support and working 
                conditions feedback;
                    ``(O) providing high-quality professional 
                development for teachers, principals, or other 
                school leaders on effective strategies to 
                integrate rigorous academic content, career and 
                technical education, and work-based learning 
                (if appropriate), which may include providing 
                common planning time, to help prepare students 
                for postsecondary education and the workforce; 
                and
                    ``(P) carrying out other activities that 
                are evidence-based, to the extent the State (in 
                consultation with local educational agencies in 
                the State) determines that such evidence is 
                reasonably available, and identified by the 
                local educational agency that meet the purpose 
                of this title.

``SEC. 2104. REPORTING.

    ``(a) State Report.--Each State educational agency 
receiving funds under this part shall annually submit to the 
Secretary a report that provides--
            ``(1) a description of how the State is using grant 
        funds received under this part to meet the purpose of 
        this title, and how such chosen activities improved 
        teacher, principal, or other school leader 
        effectiveness, as determined by the State or local 
        educational agency;
            ``(2) if funds are used under this part to improve 
        equitable access to teachers for low-income and 
        minority students, consistent with section 
        1111(g)(1)(B), a description of how funds have been 
        used to improve such access;
            ``(3) for a State that implements a teacher, 
        principal, or other school leader evaluation and 
        support system, consistent with section 
        2101(c)(4)(B)(ii), using funds under this part, the 
        evaluation results of teachers, principals, or other 
        school leaders, except that such information shall not 
        provide personally identifiable information on 
        individual teachers, principals, or other school 
        leaders; and
            ``(4) where available, the annual retention rates 
        of effective and ineffective teachers, principals, or 
        other school leaders, using any methods or criteria the 
        State has or develops under section 1111(g)(2)(A), 
        except that nothing in this paragraph shall be 
        construed to require any State educational agency or 
        local educational agency to collect and report any data 
        the State educational agency or local educational 
        agency is not collecting or reporting as of the day 
        before the date of enactment of the Every Student 
        Succeeds Act.
    ``(b) Local Educational Agency Report.--Each local 
educational agency receiving funds under this part shall submit 
to the State educational agency such information as the State 
requires, which shall include the information described in 
subsection (a) for the local educational agency.
    ``(c) Availability.--The reports and information provided 
under subsections (a) and (b) shall be made readily available 
to the public.
    ``(d) Limitation.--The reports and information provided 
under subsections (a) and (b) shall not reveal personally 
identifiable information about any individual.

                     ``PART B--NATIONAL ACTIVITIES

``SEC. 2201. RESERVATIONS.

    ``From the amounts appropriated under section 2003(b) for a 
fiscal year, the Secretary shall reserve--
            ``(1) to carry out activities authorized under 
        subpart 1--
                    ``(A) 49.1 percent for each of fiscal years 
                2017 through 2019; and
                    ``(B) 47 percent for fiscal year 2020;
            ``(2) to carry out activities authorized under 
        subpart 2--
                    ``(A) 34.1 percent for each of fiscal years 
                2017 through 2019; and
                    ``(B) 36.8 percent for fiscal year 2020;
            ``(3) to carry out activities authorized under 
        subpart 3, 1.4 percent for each of fiscal years 2017 
        through 2020; and
            ``(4) to carry out activities authorized under 
        subpart 4--
                    ``(A) 15.4 percent for each of fiscal years 
                2017 through 2019; and
                    ``(B) 14.8 percent for fiscal year 2020.

        ``Subpart 1--Teacher and School Leader Incentive Program

``SEC. 2211. PURPOSES; DEFINITIONS.

    ``(a) Purposes.--The purposes of this subpart are--
            ``(1) to assist States, local educational agencies, 
        and nonprofit organizations to develop, implement, 
        improve, or expand comprehensive performance-based 
        compensation systems or human capital management 
        systems for teachers, principals, or other school 
        leaders (especially for teachers, principals, or other 
        school leaders in high-need schools) who raise student 
        academic achievement and close the achievement gap 
        between high- and low-performing students; and
            ``(2) to study and review performance-based 
        compensation systems or human capital management 
        systems for teachers, principals, or other school 
        leaders to evaluate the effectiveness, fairness, 
        quality, consistency, and reliability of the systems.
    ``(b) Definitions.--In this subpart:
            ``(1) Eligible entity.--The term `eligible entity' 
        means--
                    ``(A) a local educational agency, including 
                a charter school that is a local educational 
                agency, or a consortium of local educational 
                agencies;
                    ``(B) a State educational agency or other 
                State agency designated by the chief executive 
                of a State to participate under this subpart;
                    ``(C) the Bureau of Indian Education; or
                    ``(D) a partnership consisting of--
                            ``(i) 1 or more agencies described 
                        in subparagraph (A), (B), or (C); and
                            ``(ii) at least 1 nonprofit or for-
                        profit entity.
            ``(2) High-need school.--The term `high-need 
        school' means a public elementary school or secondary 
        school that is located in an area in which the 
        percentage of students from families with incomes below 
        the poverty line is 30 percent or more.
            ``(3) Human capital management system.--The term 
        `human capital management system' means a system--
                    ``(A) by which a local educational agency 
                makes and implements human capital decisions, 
                such as decisions on preparation, recruitment, 
                hiring, placement, retention, dismissal, 
                compensation, professional development, tenure, 
                and promotion; and
                    ``(B) that includes a performance-based 
                compensation system.
            ``(4) Performance-based compensation system.--The 
        term `performance-based compensation system' means a 
        system of compensation for teachers, principals, or 
        other school leaders--
                    ``(A) that differentiates levels of 
                compensation based in part on measurable 
                increases in student academic achievement; and
                    ``(B) which may include--
                            ``(i) differentiated levels of 
                        compensation, which may include bonus 
                        pay, on the basis of the employment 
                        responsibilities and success of 
                        effective teachers, principals, or 
                        other school leaders in hard-to-staff 
                        schools or high-need subject areas; and
                            ``(ii) recognition of the skills 
                        and knowledge of teachers, principals, 
                        or other school leaders as demonstrated 
                        through--
                                    ``(I) successful 
                                fulfillment of additional 
                                responsibilities or job 
                                functions, such as teacher 
                                leadership roles; and
                                    ``(II) evidence of 
                                professional achievement and 
                                mastery of content knowledge 
                                and superior teaching and 
                                leadership skills.

``SEC. 2212. TEACHER AND SCHOOL LEADER INCENTIVE FUND GRANTS.

    ``(a) Grants Authorized.--From the amounts reserved by the 
Secretary under section 2201(1), the Secretary shall award 
grants, on a competitive basis, to eligible entities to enable 
the eligible entities to develop, implement, improve, or expand 
performance-based compensation systems or human capital 
management systems, in schools served by the eligible entity.
    ``(b) Duration of Grants.--
            ``(1) In general.--A grant awarded under this 
        subpart shall be for a period of not more than 3 years.
            ``(2) Renewal.--The Secretary may renew a grant 
        awarded under this subpart for a period of not more 
        than 2 years if the grantee demonstrates to the 
        Secretary that the grantee is effectively using funds. 
        Such renewal may include allowing the grantee to scale 
        up or replicate the successful program.
            ``(3) Limitation.--A local educational agency may 
        receive (whether individually or as part of a 
        consortium or partnership) a grant under this subpart, 
        as amended by the Every Student Succeeds Act, only 
        twice.
    ``(c) Applications.--An eligible entity desiring a grant 
under this subpart shall submit an application to the Secretary 
at such time and in such manner as the Secretary may reasonably 
require. The application shall include--
            ``(1) a description of the performance-based 
        compensation system or human capital management system 
        that the eligible entity proposes to develop, 
        implement, improve, or expand through the grant;
            ``(2) a description of the most significant gaps or 
        insufficiencies in student access to effective 
        teachers, principals, or other school leaders in high-
        need schools, including gaps or inequities in how 
        effective teachers, principals, or other school leaders 
        are distributed across the local educational agency, as 
        identified using factors such as data on school 
        resources, staffing patterns, school environment, 
        educator support systems, and other school-level 
        factors;
            ``(3) a description and evidence of the support and 
        commitment from teachers, principals, or other school 
        leaders, which may include charter school leaders, in 
        the school (including organizations representing 
        teachers, principals, or other school leaders), the 
        community, and the local educational agency to the 
        activities proposed under the grant;
            ``(4) a description of how the eligible entity will 
        develop and implement a fair, rigorous, valid, 
        reliable, and objective process to evaluate teacher, 
        principal, or other school leader performance under the 
        system that is based in part on measures of student 
        academic achievement, including the baseline 
        performance against which evaluations of improved 
        performance will be made;
            ``(5) a description of the local educational 
        agencies or schools to be served under the grant, 
        including such student academic achievement, 
        demographic, and socioeconomic information as the 
        Secretary may request;
            ``(6) a description of the effectiveness of 
        teachers, principals, or other school leaders in the 
        local educational agency and the schools to be served 
        under the grant and the extent to which the system will 
        increase the effectiveness of teachers, principals, or 
        other school leaders in such schools;
            ``(7) a description of how the eligible entity will 
        use grant funds under this subpart in each year of the 
        grant, including a timeline for implementation of such 
        activities;
            ``(8) a description of how the eligible entity will 
        continue the activities assisted under the grant after 
        the grant period ends;
            ``(9) a description of the State, local, or other 
        public or private funds that will be used to supplement 
        the grant, including funds under part A, and sustain 
        the activities assisted under the grant after the end 
        of the grant period;
            ``(10) a description of--
                    ``(A) the rationale for the project;
                    ``(B) how the proposed activities are 
                evidence-based; and
                    ``(C) if applicable, the prior experience 
                of the eligible entity in developing and 
                implementing such activities; and
            ``(11) a description of how activities funded under 
        this subpart will be evaluated, monitored, and 
        publically reported.
    ``(d) Award Basis.--
            ``(1) Priority.--In awarding a grant under this 
        subpart, the Secretary shall give priority to an 
        eligible entity that concentrates the activities 
        proposed to be assisted under the grant on teachers, 
        principals, or other school leaders serving in high-
        need schools.
            ``(2) Equitable distribution.--To the extent 
        practicable, the Secretary shall ensure an equitable 
        geographic distribution of grants under this subpart, 
        including the distribution of such grants between rural 
        and urban areas.
    ``(e) Use of Funds.--
            ``(1) In general.--An eligible entity that receives 
        a grant under this subpart shall use the grant funds to 
        develop, implement, improve, or expand, in 
        collaboration with teachers, principals, other school 
        leaders, and members of the public, a performance-based 
        compensation system or human capital management system 
        consistent with this subpart.
            ``(2) Authorized activities.--Grant funds under 
        this subpart may be used for one or more of the 
        following:
                    ``(A) Developing or improving an evaluation 
                and support system, including as part of a 
                human capital management system as applicable, 
                that--
                            ``(i) reflects clear and fair 
                        measures of teacher, principal, or 
                        other school leader performance, based 
                        in part on demonstrated improvement in 
                        student academic achievement; and
                            ``(ii) provides teachers, 
                        principals, or other school leaders 
                        with ongoing, differentiated, targeted, 
                        and personalized support and feedback 
                        for improvement, including professional 
                        development opportunities designed to 
                        increase effectiveness.
                    ``(B) Conducting outreach within a local 
                educational agency or a State to gain input on 
                how to construct an evaluation and support 
                system described in subparagraph (A) and to 
                develop support for the evaluation and support 
                system, including by training appropriate 
                personnel in how to observe and evaluate 
                teachers, principals, or other school leaders.
                    ``(C) Providing principals or other school 
                leaders with--
                            ``(i) balanced autonomy to make 
                        budgeting, scheduling, and other 
                        school-level decisions in a manner that 
                        meets the needs of the school without 
                        compromising the intent or essential 
                        components of the policies of the local 
                        educational agency or State; and
                            ``(ii) authority to make staffing 
                        decisions that meet the needs of the 
                        school, such as building an 
                        instructional leadership team that 
                        includes teacher leaders or offering 
                        opportunities for teams or pairs of 
                        effective teachers or candidates to 
                        teach or start teaching in high-need 
                        schools together.
                    ``(D) Implementing, as part of a 
                comprehensive performance-based compensation 
                system, a differentiated salary structure, 
                which may include bonuses and stipends, to--
                            ``(i) teachers who--
                                    ``(I) teach in--
                                            ``(aa) high-need 
                                        schools; or
                                            ``(bb) high-need 
                                        subjects;
                                    ``(II) raise student 
                                academic achievement; or
                                    ``(III) take on additional 
                                leadership responsibilities; or
                            ``(ii) principals or other school 
                        leaders who serve in high-need schools 
                        and raise student academic achievement 
                        in the schools.
                    ``(E) Improving the local educational 
                agency's system and process for the 
                recruitment, selection, placement, and 
                retention of effective teachers, principals, or 
                other school leaders in high-need schools, such 
                as by improving local educational agency 
                policies and procedures to ensure that high-
                need schools are competitive and timely in--
                            ``(i) attracting, hiring, and 
                        retaining effective educators;
                            ``(ii) offering bonuses or higher 
                        salaries to effective educators; or
                            ``(iii) establishing or 
                        strengthening school leader residency 
                        programs and teacher residency 
                        programs.
                    ``(F) Instituting career advancement 
                opportunities characterized by increased 
                responsibility and pay that reward and 
                recognize effective teachers, principals, or 
                other school leaders in high-need schools and 
                enable them to expand their leadership and 
                results, such as through teacher-led 
                professional development, mentoring, coaching, 
                hybrid roles, administrative duties, and career 
                ladders.
    ``(f) Matching Requirement.--Each eligible entity that 
receives a grant under this subpart shall provide, from non-
Federal sources, an amount equal to 50 percent of the amount of 
the grant (which may be provided in cash or in kind) to carry 
out the activities supported by the grant.
    ``(g) Supplement, Not Supplant.--Grant funds provided under 
this subpart shall be used to supplement, not supplant, other 
Federal or State funds available to carry out activities 
described in this subpart.

``SEC. 2213. REPORTS.

    ``(a) Activities Summary.--Each eligible entity receiving a 
grant under this subpart shall provide to the Secretary a 
summary of the activities assisted under the grant.
    ``(b) Report.--The Secretary shall provide to Congress an 
annual report on the implementation of the program carried out 
under this subpart, including--
            ``(1) information on eligible entities that 
        received grant funds under this subpart, including--
                    ``(A) information provided by eligible 
                entities to the Secretary in the applications 
                submitted under section 2212(c);
                    ``(B) the summaries received under 
                subsection (a); and
                    ``(C) grant award amounts; and
            ``(2) student academic achievement and, as 
        applicable, growth data from the schools participating 
        in the programs supported under the grant.
    ``(c) Evaluation and Technical Assistance.--
            ``(1) Reservation of funds.--Of the total amount 
        reserved for this subpart for a fiscal year, the 
        Secretary may reserve for such fiscal year not more 
        than 1 percent for the cost of the evaluation under 
        paragraph (2) and for technical assistance in carrying 
        out this subpart.
            ``(2) Evaluation.--From amounts reserved under 
        paragraph (1), the Secretary, acting through the 
        Director of the Institute of Education Sciences, shall 
        carry out an independent evaluation to measure the 
        effectiveness of the program assisted under this 
        subpart.
            ``(3) Contents.--The evaluation under paragraph (2) 
        shall measure--
                    ``(A) the effectiveness of the program in 
                improving student academic achievement;
                    ``(B) the satisfaction of the participating 
                teachers, principals, or other school leaders; 
                and
                    ``(C) the extent to which the program 
                assisted the eligible entities in recruiting 
                and retaining high-quality teachers, 
                principals, or other school leaders, especially 
                in high-need subject areas.

    ``Subpart 2--Literacy Education for All, Results for the Nation

``SEC. 2221. PURPOSES; DEFINITIONS.

    ``(a) Purposes.--The purposes of this subpart are--
            ``(1) to improve student academic achievement in 
        reading and writing by providing Federal support to 
        States to develop, revise, or update comprehensive 
        literacy instruction plans that, when implemented, 
        ensure high-quality instruction and effective 
        strategies in reading and writing from early education 
        through grade 12; and
            ``(2) for States to provide targeted subgrants to 
        early childhood education programs and local 
        educational agencies and their public or private 
        partners to implement evidence-based programs that 
        ensure high-quality comprehensive literacy instruction 
        for students most in need.
    ``(b) Definitions.--In this subpart:
            ``(1) Comprehensive literacy instruction.--The term 
        `comprehensive literacy instruction' means instruction 
        that--
                    ``(A) includes developmentally appropriate, 
                contextually explicit, and systematic 
                instruction, and frequent practice, in reading 
                and writing across content areas;
                    ``(B) includes age-appropriate, explicit, 
                systematic, and intentional instruction in 
                phonological awareness, phonic decoding, 
                vocabulary, language structure, reading 
                fluency, and reading comprehension;
                    ``(C) includes age-appropriate, explicit 
                instruction in writing, including opportunities 
                for children to write with clear purposes, with 
                critical reasoning appropriate to the topic and 
                purpose, and with specific instruction and 
                feedback from instructional staff;
                    ``(D) makes available and uses diverse, 
                high-quality print materials that reflect the 
                reading and development levels, and interests, 
                of children;
                    ``(E) uses differentiated instructional 
                approaches, including individual and small 
                group instruction and discussion;
                    ``(F) provides opportunities for children 
                to use language with peers and adults in order 
                to develop language skills, including 
                developing vocabulary;
                    ``(G) includes frequent practice of reading 
                and writing strategies;
                    ``(H) uses age-appropriate, valid, and 
                reliable screening assessments, diagnostic 
                assessments, formative assessment processes, 
                and summative assessments to identify a child's 
                learning needs, to inform instruction, and to 
                monitor the child's progress and the effects of 
                instruction;
                    ``(I) uses strategies to enhance children's 
                motivation to read and write and children's 
                engagement in self-directed learning;
                    ``(J) incorporates the principles of 
                universal design for learning;
                    ``(K) depends on teachers' collaboration in 
                planning, instruction, and assessing a child's 
                progress and on continuous professional 
                learning; and
                    ``(L) links literacy instruction to the 
                challenging State academic standards, including 
                the ability to navigate, understand, and write 
                about, complex print and digital subject 
                matter.
            ``(2) Eligible entity.--The term `eligible entity' 
        means an entity that consists of--
                    ``(A) one or more local educational 
                agencies that serve a high percentage of high-
                need schools and--
                            ``(i) have the highest number or 
                        proportion of children who are counted 
                        under section 1124(c), in comparison to 
                        other local educational agencies in the 
                        State;
                            ``(ii) are among the local 
                        educational agencies in the State with 
                        the highest number or percentages of 
                        children reading or writing below grade 
                        level, based on the most currently 
                        available State academic assessment 
                        data under section 1111(b)(2); or
                            ``(iii) serve a significant number 
                        or percentage of schools that are 
                        implementing comprehensive support and 
                        improvement activities and targeted 
                        support and improvement activities 
                        under section 1111(d);
                    ``(B) one or more early childhood education 
                programs serving low-income or otherwise 
                disadvantaged children, which may include home-
                based literacy programs for preschool-aged 
                children, that have a demonstrated record of 
                providing comprehensive literacy instruction 
                for the age group such program proposes to 
                serve; or
                    ``(C) a local educational agency, described 
                in subparagraph (A), or consortium of such 
                local educational agencies, or an early 
                childhood education program, which may include 
                home-based literacy programs for preschool-aged 
                children, acting in partnership with 1 or more 
                public or private nonprofit organizations or 
                agencies (which may include early childhood 
                education programs) that have a demonstrated 
                record of effectiveness in--
                            ``(i) improving literacy 
                        achievement of children, consistent 
                        with the purposes of participation 
                        under this subpart, from birth through 
                        grade 12; and
                            ``(ii) providing professional 
                        development in comprehensive literacy 
                        instruction.
            ``(3) High-need school.--
                    ``(A) In general.--The term `high-need 
                school' means--
                            ``(i) an elementary school or 
                        middle school in which not less than 50 
                        percent of the enrolled students are 
                        children from low-income families; or
                            ``(ii) a high school in which not 
                        less than 40 percent of the enrolled 
                        students are children from low-income 
                        families, which may be calculated using 
                        comparable data from the schools that 
                        feed into the high school.
                    ``(B) Low-income family.--For purposes of 
                subparagraph (A), the term `low-income family' 
                means a family--
                            ``(i) in which the children are 
                        eligible for a free or reduced-price 
                        lunch under the Richard B. Russell 
                        National School Lunch Act (42 U.S.C. 
                        1751 et seq.);
                            ``(ii) receiving assistance under 
                        the program of block grants to States 
                        for temporary assistance for needy 
                        families established under part A of 
                        title IV of the Social Security Act (42 
                        U.S.C. 601 et seq.); or
                            ``(iii) in which the children are 
                        eligible to receive medical assistance 
                        under the Medicaid program under title 
                        XIX of the Social Security Act (42 
                        U.S.C. 1396 et seq.).

``SEC. 2222. COMPREHENSIVE LITERACY STATE DEVELOPMENT GRANTS.

    ``(a) Grants Authorized.--From the amounts reserved by the 
Secretary under section 2201(2) and not reserved under 
subsection (b), the Secretary shall award grants, on a 
competitive basis, to State educational agencies to enable the 
State educational agencies to--
            ``(1) provide subgrants to eligible entities 
        serving a diversity of geographic areas, giving 
        priority to entities serving greater numbers or 
        percentages of children from low-income families; and
            ``(2) develop or enhance comprehensive literacy 
        instruction plans that ensure high-quality instruction 
        and effective strategies in reading and writing for 
        children from early childhood education through grade 
        12, including English learners and children with 
        disabilities.
    ``(b) Reservation.--From the amounts reserved to carry out 
this subpart for a fiscal year, the Secretary shall reserve--
            ``(1) not more than a total of 5 percent for 
        national activities, including a national evaluation, 
        technical assistance and training, data collection, and 
        reporting;
            ``(2) one half of 1 percent for the Secretary of 
        the Interior to carry out a program described in this 
        subpart at schools operated or funded by the Bureau of 
        Indian Education; and
            ``(3) one half of 1 percent for the outlying areas 
        to carry out a program under this subpart.
    ``(c) Duration of Grants.--A grant awarded under this 
subpart shall be for a period of not more than 5 years total. 
Such grant may be renewed for an additional 2-year period upon 
the termination of the initial period of the grant if the grant 
recipient demonstrates to the satisfaction of the Secretary 
that--
            ``(1) the State has made adequate progress; and
            ``(2) renewing the grant for an additional 2-year 
        period is necessary to carry out the objectives of the 
        grant described in subsection (d).
    ``(d) State Applications.--
            ``(1) In general.--A State educational agency 
        desiring a grant under this subpart shall submit an 
        application to the Secretary, at such time and in such 
        manner as the Secretary may require. The State 
        educational agency shall collaborate with the State 
        agency responsible for administering early childhood 
        education programs and the State agency responsible for 
        administering child care programs in the State in 
        writing and implementing the early childhood education 
        portion of the grant application under this subsection.
            ``(2) Contents.--An application described in 
        paragraph (1) shall include, at a minimum, the 
        following:
                    ``(A) A needs assessment that analyzes 
                literacy needs across the State and in high-
                need schools and local educational agencies 
                that serve high-need schools, including 
                identifying the most significant gaps in 
                literacy proficiency and inequities in student 
                access to effective teachers of literacy, 
                considering each of the subgroups of students, 
                as defined in section 1111(c)(2).
                    ``(B) A description of how the State 
                educational agency, in collaboration with the 
                State literacy team, if applicable, will 
                develop a State comprehensive literacy 
                instruction plan or will revise and update an 
                already existing State comprehensive literacy 
                instruction plan.
                    ``(C) An implementation plan that includes 
                a description of how the State educational 
                agency will carry out the State activities 
                described in subsection (f).
                    ``(D) An assurance that the State 
                educational agency will use implementation 
                grant funds described in subsection (f)(1) for 
                comprehensive literacy instruction programs as 
                follows:
                            ``(i) Not less than 15 percent of 
                        such grant funds shall be used for 
                        State and local programs and activities 
                        pertaining to children from birth 
                        through kindergarten entry.
                            ``(ii) Not less than 40 percent of 
                        such grant funds shall be used for 
                        State and local programs and 
                        activities, allocated equitably among 
                        the grades of kindergarten through 
                        grade 5.
                            ``(iii) Not less than 40 percent of 
                        such grant funds shall be used for 
                        State and local programs and 
                        activities, allocated equitably among 
                        grades 6 through 12.
                    ``(E) An assurance that the State 
                educational agency will give priority in 
                awarding a subgrant under section 2223 to an 
                eligible entity that--
                            ``(i) serves children from birth 
                        through age 5 who are from families 
                        with income levels at or below 200 
                        percent of the Federal poverty line; or
                            ``(ii) is a local educational 
                        agency serving a high number or 
                        percentage of high-need schools.
    ``(e) Priority.--In awarding grants under this section, the 
Secretary shall give priority to State educational agencies 
that will use the grant funds for evidence-based activities, 
defined for the purpose of this subsection as activities 
meeting the requirements of section 8101(21)(A)(i).
    ``(f) State Activities.--
            ``(1) In general.--A State educational agency 
        receiving a grant under this section shall use not less 
        than 95 percent of such grant funds to award subgrants 
        to eligible entities, based on their needs assessment 
        and a competitive application process.
            ``(2) Reservation.--A State educational agency 
        receiving a grant under this section may reserve not 
        more than 5 percent for activities identified through 
        the needs assessment and comprehensive literacy plan 
        described in subparagraphs (A) and (B) of subsection 
        (d)(2), including the following activities:
                    ``(A) Providing technical assistance, or 
                engaging qualified providers to provide 
                technical assistance, to eligible entities to 
                enable the eligible entities to design and 
                implement literacy programs.
                    ``(B) Coordinating with institutions of 
                higher education in the State to provide 
                recommendations to strengthen and enhance pre-
                service courses for students preparing to teach 
                children from birth through grade 12 in 
                explicit, systematic, and intensive instruction 
                in evidence-based literacy methods.
                    ``(C) Reviewing and updating, in 
                collaboration with teachers and institutions of 
                higher education, State licensure or 
                certification standards in the area of literacy 
                instruction in early education through grade 
                12.
                    ``(D) Making publicly available, including 
                on the State educational agency's website, 
                information on promising instructional 
                practices to improve child literacy 
                achievement.
                    ``(E) Administering and monitoring the 
                implementation of subgrants by eligible 
                entities.
            ``(3) Additional uses.--After carrying out the 
        activities described in paragraphs (1) and (2), a State 
        educational agency may use any remaining amount to 
        carry out 1 or more of the following activities:
                    ``(A) Developing literacy coach training 
                programs and training literacy coaches.
                    ``(B) Administration and evaluation of 
                activities carried out under this subpart.

``SEC. 2223. SUBGRANTS TO ELIGIBLE ENTITIES IN SUPPORT OF BIRTH THROUGH 
                    KINDERGARTEN ENTRY LITERACY.

    ``(a) Subgrants.--
            ``(1) In general.--A State educational agency 
        receiving a grant under this subpart shall, in 
        consultation with the State agencies responsible for 
        administering early childhood education programs and 
        services, including the State agency responsible for 
        administering child care programs, and, if applicable, 
        the State Advisory Council on Early Childhood Education 
        and Care designated or established pursuant to section 
        642B(b)(1)(A)(i) of the Head Start Act (42 U.S.C. 
        9837b(b)(1)(A)(i)), use a portion of the grant funds, 
        in accordance with section 2222(d)(2)(D)(i), to award 
        subgrants, on a competitive basis, to eligible entities 
        to enable the eligible entities to support high-quality 
        early literacy initiatives for children from birth 
        through kindergarten entry.
            ``(2) Duration.--The term of a subgrant under this 
        section shall be determined by the State educational 
        agency awarding the subgrant and shall in no case 
        exceed 5 years.
            ``(3) Sufficient size and scope.--Each subgrant 
        awarded under this section shall be of sufficient size 
        and scope to allow the eligible entity to carry out 
        high-quality early literacy initiatives for children 
        from birth through kindergarten entry.
    ``(b) Local Applications.--An eligible entity desiring to 
receive a subgrant under this section shall submit an 
application to the State educational agency, at such time, in 
such manner, and containing such information as the State 
educational agency may require. Such application shall include 
a description of--
            ``(1) how the subgrant funds will be used to 
        enhance the language and literacy development and 
        school readiness of children, from birth through 
        kindergarten entry, in early childhood education 
        programs, which shall include an analysis of data that 
        support the proposed use of subgrant funds;
            ``(2) how the subgrant funds will be used to 
        prepare and provide ongoing assistance to staff in the 
        programs, including through high-quality professional 
        development;
            ``(3) how the activities assisted under the 
        subgrant will be coordinated with comprehensive 
        literacy instruction at the kindergarten through grade 
        12 levels; and
            ``(4) how the subgrant funds will be used to 
        evaluate the success of the activities assisted under 
        the subgrant in enhancing the early language and 
        literacy development of children from birth through 
        kindergarten entry.
    ``(c) Priority.--In awarding grants under this section, the 
State educational agency shall give priority to an eligible 
entity that will use the grant funds to implement evidence-
based activities, defined for the purpose of this subsection as 
activities meeting the requirements of section 8101(21)(A)(i).
    ``(d) Local Uses of Funds.--An eligible entity that 
receives a subgrant under this section shall use the subgrant 
funds, consistent with the entity's approved application under 
subsection (b), to--
            ``(1) carry out high-quality professional 
        development opportunities for early childhood 
        educators, teachers, principals, other school leaders, 
        paraprofessionals, specialized instructional support 
        personnel, and instructional leaders;
            ``(2) train providers and personnel to develop and 
        administer evidence-based early childhood education 
        literacy initiatives; and
            ``(3) coordinate the involvement of families, early 
        childhood education program staff, principals, other 
        school leaders, specialized instructional support 
        personnel (as appropriate), and teachers in literacy 
        development of children served under the subgrant.

``SEC. 2224. SUBGRANTS TO ELIGIBLE ENTITIES IN SUPPORT OF KINDERGARTEN 
                    THROUGH GRADE 12 LITERACY.

    ``(a) Subgrants to Eligible Entities.--
            ``(1) Subgrants.--A State educational agency 
        receiving a grant under this subpart shall use a 
        portion of the grant funds, in accordance with clauses 
        (ii) and (iii) of section 2222(d)(2)(D), to award 
        subgrants, on a competitive basis, to eligible entities 
        to enable the eligible entities to carry out the 
        authorized activities described in subsections (c) and 
        (d).
            ``(2) Duration.--The term of a subgrant under this 
        section shall be determined by the State educational 
        agency awarding the subgrant and shall in no case 
        exceed 5 years.
            ``(3) Sufficient size and scope.--A State 
        educational agency shall award subgrants under this 
        section of sufficient size and scope to allow the 
        eligible entities to carry out high-quality 
        comprehensive literacy instruction in each grade level 
        for which the subgrant funds are provided.
            ``(4) Local applications.--An eligible entity 
        desiring to receive a subgrant under this section shall 
        submit an application to the State educational agency 
        at such time, in such manner, and containing such 
        information as the State educational agency may 
        require. Such application shall include, for each 
        school that the eligible entity identifies as 
        participating in a subgrant program under this section, 
        the following information:
                    ``(A) A description of the eligible 
                entity's needs assessment conducted to identify 
                how subgrant funds will be used to inform and 
                improve comprehensive literacy instruction at 
                the school.
                    ``(B) How the school, the local educational 
                agency, or a provider of high-quality 
                professional development will provide ongoing 
                high-quality professional development to all 
                teachers, principals, other school leaders, 
                specialized instructional support personnel (as 
                appropriate), and other instructional leaders 
                served by the school.
                    ``(C) How the school will identify children 
                in need of literacy interventions or other 
                support services.
                    ``(D) An explanation of how the school will 
                integrate comprehensive literacy instruction 
                into a well-rounded education.
                    ``(E) A description of how the school will 
                coordinate comprehensive literacy instruction 
                with early childhood education programs and 
                activities and after-school programs and 
                activities in the area served by the local 
                educational agency.
    ``(b) Priority.--In awarding grants under this section, the 
State educational agency shall give priority to an eligible 
entity that will use funds under subsection (c) or (d) to 
implement evidence-based activities, defined for the purpose of 
this subsection as activities meeting the requirements of 
section 8101(21)(A)(i).
    ``(c) Local Uses of Funds for Kindergarten Through Grade 
5.--An eligible entity that receives a subgrant under this 
section shall use the subgrant funds to carry out the following 
activities pertaining to children in kindergarten through grade 
5:
            ``(1) Developing and implementing a comprehensive 
        literacy instruction plan across content areas for such 
        children that--
                    ``(A) serves the needs of all children, 
                including children with disabilities and 
                English learners, especially children who are 
                reading or writing below grade level;
                    ``(B) provides intensive, supplemental, 
                accelerated, and explicit intervention and 
                support in reading and writing for children 
                whose literacy skills are below grade level; 
                and
                    ``(C) supports activities that are provided 
                primarily during the regular school day but 
                that may be augmented by after-school and out-
                of-school time instruction.
            ``(2) Providing high-quality professional 
        development opportunities for teachers, literacy 
        coaches, literacy specialists, English as a second 
        language specialists (as appropriate), principals, 
        other school leaders, specialized instructional support 
        personnel, school librarians, paraprofessionals, and 
        other program staff.
            ``(3) Training principals, specialized 
        instructional support personnel, and other local 
        educational agency personnel to support, develop, 
        administer, and evaluate high-quality kindergarten 
        through grade 5 literacy initiatives.
            ``(4) Coordinating the involvement of early 
        childhood education program staff, principals, other 
        instructional leaders, teachers, teacher literacy 
        teams, English as a second language specialists (as 
        appropriate), special educators, school personnel, and 
        specialized instructional support personnel (as 
        appropriate) in the literacy development of children 
        served under this subsection.
            ``(5) Engaging families and encouraging family 
        literacy experiences and practices to support literacy 
        development.
    ``(d) Local Uses of Funds for Grades 6 Through 12.--An 
eligible entity that receives a subgrant under this section 
shall use subgrant funds to carry out the following activities 
pertaining to children in grades 6 through 12:
            ``(1) Developing and implementing a comprehensive 
        literacy instruction plan described in subsection 
        (c)(1) for children in grades 6 through 12.
            ``(2) Training principals, specialized 
        instructional support personnel, school librarians, and 
        other local educational agency personnel to support, 
        develop, administer, and evaluate high-quality 
        comprehensive literacy instruction initiatives for 
        grades 6 through 12.
            ``(3) Assessing the quality of adolescent 
        comprehensive literacy instruction as part of a well-
        rounded education.
            ``(4) Providing time for teachers to meet to plan 
        evidence-based adolescent comprehensive literacy 
        instruction to be delivered as part of a well-rounded 
        education.
            ``(5) Coordinating the involvement of principals, 
        other instructional leaders, teachers, teacher literacy 
        teams, English as a second language specialists (as 
        appropriate), paraprofessionals, special educators, 
        specialized instructional support personnel (as 
        appropriate), and school personnel in the literacy 
        development of children served under this subsection.
    ``(e) Allowable Uses.--An eligible entity that receives a 
subgrant under this section may, in addition to carrying out 
the activities described in subsections (c) and (d), use 
subgrant funds to carry out the following activities pertaining 
to children in kindergarten through grade 12:
            ``(1) Recruiting, placing, training, and 
        compensating literacy coaches.
            ``(2) Connecting out-of-school learning 
        opportunities to in-school learning in order to improve 
        children's literacy achievement.
            ``(3) Training families and caregivers to support 
        the improvement of adolescent literacy.
            ``(4) Providing for a multi-tier system of supports 
        for literacy services.
            ``(5) Forming a school literacy leadership team to 
        help implement, assess, and identify necessary changes 
        to the literacy initiatives in 1 or more schools to 
        ensure success.
            ``(6) Providing time for teachers (and other 
        literacy staff, as appropriate, such as school 
        librarians or specialized instructional support 
        personnel) to meet to plan comprehensive literacy 
        instruction.

``SEC. 2225. NATIONAL EVALUATION AND INFORMATION DISSEMINATION.

    ``(a) National Evaluation.--From funds reserved under 
section 2222(b)(1), the Director of the Institute of Education 
Sciences shall conduct a national evaluation of the grant and 
subgrant programs assisted under this subpart. Such evaluation 
shall include high-quality research that applies rigorous and 
systematic procedures to obtain valid knowledge relevant to the 
implementation and effect of the programs and shall directly 
coordinate with individual State evaluations of the programs' 
implementation and impact.
    ``(b) Program Improvement.--The Secretary shall--
            ``(1) provide the findings of the evaluation 
        conducted under this section to State educational 
        agencies and subgrant recipients for use in program 
        improvement;
            ``(2) make such findings publicly available, 
        including on the websites of the Department and the 
        Institute of Education Sciences;
            ``(3) submit such findings to the Committee on 
        Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions of the Senate 
        and the Committee on Education and the Workforce of the 
        House of Representatives; and
            ``(4) make publicly available, in a manner 
        consistent with paragraph (2), best practices for 
        implementing evidence-based activities under this 
        subpart, including evidence-based activities, defined 
        for the purpose of this paragraph as activities meeting 
        the requirements of section 8101(21)(A)(i).

``SEC. 2226. INNOVATIVE APPROACHES TO LITERACY.

    ``(a) In General.--From amounts reserved under section 
2201(2), the Secretary may award grants, contracts, or 
cooperative agreements, on a competitive basis, to eligible 
entities for the purposes of promoting literacy programs that 
support the development of literacy skills in low-income 
communities, including--
            ``(1) developing and enhancing effective school 
        library programs, which may include providing 
        professional development for school librarians, books, 
        and up-to-date materials to high-need schools;
            ``(2) early literacy services, including pediatric 
        literacy programs through which, during well-child 
        visits, medical providers trained in research-based 
        methods of early language and literacy promotion 
        provide developmentally appropriate books and 
        recommendations to parents to encourage them to read 
        aloud to their children starting in infancy; and
            ``(3) programs that provide high-quality books on a 
        regular basis to children and adolescents from low-
        income communities to increase reading motivation, 
        performance, and frequency.
    ``(b) Definitions.--In this section:
            ``(1) Eligible entity.--The term `eligible entity' 
        means--
                    ``(A) a local educational agency in which 
                20 percent or more of the students served by 
                the local educational agency are from families 
                with an income below the poverty line;
                    ``(B) a consortium of such local 
                educational agencies;
                    ``(C) the Bureau of Indian Education; or
                    ``(D) an eligible national nonprofit 
                organization.
            ``(2) Eligible national nonprofit organization.--
        The term `eligible national nonprofit organization' 
        means an organization of national scope that--
                    ``(A) is supported by staff, which may 
                include volunteers, or affiliates at the State 
                and local levels; and
                    ``(B) demonstrates effectiveness or high-
                quality plans for addressing childhood literacy 
                activities for the population targeted by the 
                grant.

           ``Subpart 3--American History and Civics Education

``SEC. 2231. PROGRAM AUTHORIZED.

    ``(a) In General.--From the amount reserved by the 
Secretary under section 2201(3), the Secretary is authorized to 
carry out an American history and civics education program to 
improve--
            ``(1) the quality of American history, civics, and 
        government education by educating students about the 
        history and principles of the Constitution of the 
        United States, including the Bill of Rights; and
            ``(2) the quality of the teaching of American 
        history, civics, and government in elementary schools 
        and secondary schools, including the teaching of 
        traditional American history.
    ``(b) Funding Allotment.--Of the amount available under 
subsection (a) for a fiscal year, the Secretary--
            ``(1) shall reserve not less than 26 percent for 
        activities under section 2232; and
            ``(2) may reserve not more than 74 percent for 
        activities under section 2233.

``SEC. 2232. PRESIDENTIAL AND CONGRESSIONAL ACADEMIES FOR AMERICAN 
                    HISTORY AND CIVICS.

    ``(a) In General.--From the amounts reserved under section 
2231(b)(1) for a fiscal year, the Secretary shall award not 
more than 12 grants, on a competitive basis, to--
            ``(1) eligible entities to establish Presidential 
        Academies for the Teaching of American History and 
        Civics (in this section referred to as the 
        `Presidential Academies') in accordance with subsection 
        (e); and
            ``(2) eligible entities to establish Congressional 
        Academies for Students of American History and Civics 
        (in this section referred to as the `Congressional 
        Academies') in accordance with subsection (f).
    ``(b) Application.--An eligible entity that desires to 
receive a grant under subsection (a) shall submit an 
application to the Secretary at such time and in such manner as 
the Secretary may reasonably require.
    ``(c) Eligible Entity.--The term `eligible entity' under 
this section means--
            ``(1) an institution of higher education or 
        nonprofit educational organization, museum, library, or 
        research center with demonstrated expertise in 
        historical methodology or the teaching of American 
        history and civics; or
            ``(2) a consortium of entities described in 
        paragraph (1).
    ``(d) Grant Terms.--Grants awarded to eligible entities 
under subsection (a) shall be for a term of not more than 5 
years.
    ``(e) Presidential Academies.--
            ``(1) Use of funds.--Each eligible entity that 
        receives a grant under subsection (a)(1) shall use the 
        grant funds to establish a Presidential Academy that 
        offers a seminar or institute for teachers of American 
        history and civics, which--
                    ``(A) provides intensive professional 
                development opportunities for teachers of 
                American history and civics to strengthen such 
                teachers' knowledge of the subjects of American 
                history and civics;
                    ``(B) is led by a team of primary scholars 
                and core teachers who are accomplished in the 
                field of American history and civics;
                    ``(C) is conducted during the summer or 
                other appropriate time; and
                    ``(D) is of not less than 2 weeks and not 
                more than 6 weeks in duration.
            ``(2) Selection of teachers.--Each year, each 
        Presidential Academy shall select between 50 and 300 
        teachers of American history and civics from public or 
        private elementary schools and secondary schools to 
        attend the seminar or institute under paragraph (1).
            ``(3) Teacher stipends.--Each teacher selected to 
        participate in a seminar or institute under this 
        subsection shall be awarded a fixed stipend based on 
        the length of the seminar or institute to ensure that 
        such teacher does not incur personal costs associated 
        with the teacher's participation in the seminar or 
        institute.
            ``(4) Priority.--In awarding grants under 
        subsection (a)(1), the Secretary shall give priority to 
        eligible entities that coordinate or align their 
        activities with the National Park Service National 
        Centennial Parks initiative to develop innovative and 
        comprehensive programs using the resources of the 
        National Parks.
    ``(f) Congressional Academies.--
            ``(1) Use of funds.--Each eligible entity that 
        receives a grant under subsection (a)(2) shall use the 
        grant funds to establish a Congressional Academy that 
        offers a seminar or institute for outstanding students 
        of American history and civics, which--
                    ``(A) broadens and deepens such students' 
                understanding of American history and civics;
                    ``(B) is led by a team of primary scholars 
                and core teachers who are accomplished in the 
                field of American history and civics;
                    ``(C) is conducted during the summer or 
                other appropriate time; and
                    ``(D) is of not less than 2 weeks and not 
                more than 6 weeks in duration.
            ``(2) Selection of students.--
                    ``(A) In general.--Each year, each 
                Congressional Academy shall select between 100 
                and 300 eligible students to attend the seminar 
                or institute under paragraph (1).
                    ``(B) Eligible students.--A student shall 
                be eligible to attend a seminar or institute 
                offered by a Congressional Academy under this 
                subsection if the student--
                            ``(i) is recommended by the 
                        student's secondary school principal or 
                        other school leader to attend the 
                        seminar or institute; and
                            ``(ii) will be a secondary school 
                        junior or senior in the academic year 
                        following attendance at the seminar or 
                        institute.
            ``(3) Student stipends.--Each student selected to 
        participate in a seminar or institute under this 
        subsection shall be awarded a fixed stipend based on 
        the length of the seminar or institute to ensure that 
        such student does not incur personal costs associated 
        with the student's participation in the seminar or 
        institute.
    ``(g) Matching Funds.--
            ``(1) In general.--An eligible entity that receives 
        funds under subsection (a) shall provide, toward the 
        cost of the activities assisted under the grant, from 
        non-Federal sources, an amount equal to 100 percent of 
        the amount of the grant.
            ``(2) Waiver.--The Secretary may waive all or part 
        of the matching requirement described in paragraph (1) 
        for any fiscal year for an eligible entity if the 
        Secretary determines that applying the matching 
        requirement would result in serious hardship or an 
        inability to carry out the activities described in 
        subsection (e) or (f).

``SEC. 2233. NATIONAL ACTIVITIES.

    ``(a) Purpose.--The purpose of this section is to promote 
new and existing evidence-based strategies to encourage 
innovative American history, civics and government, and 
geography instruction, learning strategies, and professional 
development activities and programs for teachers, principals, 
or other school leaders, particularly such instruction, 
strategies, activities, and programs that benefit low-income 
students and underserved populations.
    ``(b) In General.--From the amounts reserved by the 
Secretary under section 2231(b)(2), the Secretary shall award 
grants, on a competitive basis, to eligible entities for the 
purposes of expanding, developing, implementing, evaluating, 
and disseminating for voluntary use, innovative, evidence-based 
approaches or professional development programs in American 
history, civics and government, and geography, which--
            ``(1) shall--
                    ``(A) show potential to improve the quality 
                of student achievement in, and teaching of, 
                American history, civics and government, or 
                geography, in elementary schools and secondary 
                schools; and
                    ``(B) demonstrate innovation, scalability, 
                accountability, and a focus on underserved 
                populations; and
            ``(2) may include--
                    ``(A) hands-on civic engagement activities 
                for teachers and students; and
                    ``(B) programs that educate students about 
                the history and principles of the Constitution 
                of the United States, including the Bill of 
                Rights.
    ``(c) Program Periods and Diversity of Projects.--
            ``(1) In general.--A grant awarded by the Secretary 
        to an eligible entity under this section shall be for a 
        period of not more than 3 years.
            ``(2) Renewal.--The Secretary may renew a grant 
        awarded under this section for 1 additional 2-year 
        period.
            ``(3) Diversity of projects.--In awarding grants 
        under this section, the Secretary shall ensure that, to 
        the extent practicable, grants are distributed among 
        eligible entities that will serve geographically 
        diverse areas, including urban, suburban, and rural 
        areas.
    ``(d) Applications.--In order to receive a grant under this 
section, an eligible entity shall submit an application to the 
Secretary at such time and in such manner as the Secretary may 
reasonably require.
    ``(e) Eligible Entity.--In this section, the term `eligible 
entity' means an institution of higher education or other 
nonprofit or for-profit organization with demonstrated 
expertise in the development of evidence-based approaches with 
the potential to improve the quality of American history, 
civics and government, or geography learning and teaching.

             ``Subpart 4--Programs of National Significance

``SEC. 2241. FUNDING ALLOTMENT.

    ``From the funds reserved under section 2201(4), the 
Secretary--
            ``(1) shall use not less than 74 percent to carry 
        out activities under section 2242;
            ``(2) shall use not less than 22 percent to carry 
        out activities under section 2243;
            ``(3) shall use not less than 2 percent to carry 
        out activities under section 2244; and
            ``(4) may reserve not more than 2 percent to carry 
        out activities under section 2245.

``SEC. 2242. SUPPORTING EFFECTIVE EDUCATOR DEVELOPMENT.

    ``(a) In General.--From the funds reserved by the Secretary 
under section 2241(1) for a fiscal year, the Secretary shall 
award grants, on a competitive basis, to eligible entities for 
the purposes of--
            ``(1) providing teachers, principals, or other 
        school leaders from nontraditional preparation and 
        certification routes or pathways to serve in 
        traditionally underserved local educational agencies;
            ``(2) providing evidence-based professional 
        development activities that address literacy, numeracy, 
        remedial, or other needs of local educational agencies 
        and the students the agencies serve;
            ``(3) providing teachers, principals, or other 
        school leaders with professional development activities 
        that enhance or enable the provision of postsecondary 
        coursework through dual or concurrent enrollment 
        programs and early college high school settings across 
        a local educational agency;
            ``(4) making freely available services and learning 
        opportunities to local educational agencies, through 
        partnerships and cooperative agreements or by making 
        the services or opportunities publicly accessible 
        through electronic means; or
            ``(5) providing teachers, principals, or other 
        school leaders with evidence-based professional 
        enhancement activities, which may include activities 
        that lead to an advanced credential.
    ``(b) Program Periods and Diversity of Projects.--
            ``(1) In general.--A grant awarded by the Secretary 
        to an eligible entity under this section shall be for a 
        period of not more than 3 years.
            ``(2) Renewal.--The Secretary may renew a grant 
        awarded under this section for 1 additional 2-year 
        period.
            ``(3) Diversity of projects.--In awarding grants 
        under this section, the Secretary shall ensure that, to 
        the extent practicable, grants are distributed among 
        eligible entities that will serve geographically 
        diverse areas, including urban, suburban, and rural 
        areas.
            ``(4) Limitation.--The Secretary shall not award 
        more than 1 grant under this section to an eligible 
        entity during a grant competition.
    ``(c) Cost-sharing.--
            ``(1) In general.--An eligible entity that receives 
        a grant under this section shall provide, from non-
        Federal sources, not less than 25 percent of the funds 
        for the total cost for each year of activities carried 
        out under this section.
            ``(2) Acceptable contributions.--An eligible entity 
        that receives a grant under this section may meet the 
        requirement of paragraph (1) by providing contributions 
        in cash or in kind, fairly evaluated, including plant, 
        equipment, and services.
            ``(3) Waivers.--The Secretary may waive or modify 
        the requirement of paragraph (1) in cases of 
        demonstrated financial hardship.
    ``(d) Applications.--In order to receive a grant under this 
section, an eligible entity shall submit an application to the 
Secretary at such time and in such manner as the Secretary may 
reasonably require. Such application shall include, at a 
minimum, a certification that the services provided by an 
eligible entity under the grant to a local educational agency 
or to a school served by the local educational agency will not 
result in direct fees for participating students or parents.
    ``(e) Priority.--In awarding grants under this section, the 
Secretary shall give priority to an eligible entity that will 
implement evidence-based activities, defined for the purpose of 
this subsection as activities meeting the requirements of 
section 8101(21)(A)(i).
    ``(f) Definition of Eligible Entity.--In this section, the 
term `eligible entity' means--
            ``(1) an institution of higher education that 
        provides course materials or resources that are 
        evidence-based in increasing academic achievement, 
        graduation rates, or rates of postsecondary education 
        matriculation;
            ``(2) a national nonprofit entity with a 
        demonstrated record of raising student academic 
        achievement, graduation rates, and rates of higher 
        education attendance, matriculation, or completion, or 
        of effectiveness in providing preparation and 
        professional development activities and programs for 
        teachers, principals, or other school leaders;
            ``(3) the Bureau of Indian Education; or
            ``(4) a partnership consisting of--
                    ``(A) 1 or more entities described in 
                paragraph (1) or (2); and
                    ``(B) a for-profit entity.

``SEC. 2243. SCHOOL LEADER RECRUITMENT AND SUPPORT.

    ``(a) In General.--From the funds reserved under section 
2241(2) for a fiscal year, the Secretary shall award grants, on 
a competitive basis, to eligible entities to enable such 
entities to improve the recruitment, preparation, placement, 
support, and retention of effective principals or other school 
leaders in high-need schools, which may include--
            ``(1) developing or implementing leadership 
        training programs designed to prepare and support 
        principals or other school leaders in high-need 
        schools, including through new or alternative pathways 
        or school leader residency programs;
            ``(2) developing or implementing programs or 
        activities for recruiting, selecting, and developing 
        aspiring or current principals or other school leaders 
        to serve in high-need schools;
            ``(3) developing or implementing programs for 
        recruiting, developing, and placing school leaders to 
        improve schools implementing comprehensive support and 
        improvement activities and targeted support and 
        improvement activities under section 1111(d), including 
        through cohort-based activities that build effective 
        instructional and school leadership teams and develop a 
        school culture, design, instructional program, and 
        professional development program focused on improving 
        student learning;
            ``(4) providing continuous professional development 
        for principals or other school leaders in high-need 
        schools;
            ``(5) developing and disseminating information on 
        best practices and strategies for effective school 
        leadership in high-need schools, such as training and 
        supporting principals to identify, develop, and 
        maintain school leadership teams using various 
        leadership models; and
            ``(6) other evidence-based programs or activities 
        described in section 2101(c)(4) or section 2103(b)(3) 
        focused on principals or other school leaders in high-
        need schools.
    ``(b) Program Periods and Diversity of Projects.--
            ``(1) In general.--A grant awarded by the Secretary 
        to an eligible entity under this section shall be for a 
        period of not more than 5 years.
            ``(2) Renewal.--The Secretary may renew a grant 
        awarded under this section for 1 additional 2-year 
        period.
            ``(3) Diversity of projects.--In awarding grants 
        under this section, the Secretary shall ensure that, to 
        the extent practicable, grants are distributed among 
        eligible entities that will serve geographically 
        diverse areas, including urban, suburban, and rural 
        areas.
            ``(4) Limitation.--The Secretary shall not award 
        more than 1 grant under this section to an eligible 
        entity during a grant competition.
    ``(c) Cost-sharing.--
            ``(1) In general.--An eligible entity that receives 
        a grant under this section shall provide, from non-
        Federal sources, not less than 25 percent of the funds 
        for the total cost for each year of activities carried 
        out under this section.
            ``(2) Acceptable contributions.--An eligible entity 
        that receives a grant under this section may meet the 
        requirement of paragraph (1) by providing contributions 
        in cash or in kind, fairly evaluated, including plant, 
        equipment, and services.
            ``(3) Waivers.--The Secretary may waive or modify 
        the requirement of paragraph (1) in cases of 
        demonstrated financial hardship.
    ``(d) Applications.--An eligible entity that desires a 
grant under this section shall submit to the Secretary an 
application at such time, and in such manner, as the Secretary 
may require.
    ``(e) Priority.--In awarding grants under this section, the 
Secretary shall give priority to an eligible entity--
            ``(1) with a record of preparing or developing 
        principals who--
                    ``(A) have improved school-level student 
                outcomes;
                    ``(B) have become principals in high-need 
                schools; and
                    ``(C) remain principals in high-need 
                schools for multiple years; and
            ``(2) who will implement evidence-based activities, 
        defined for the purpose of this paragraph as activities 
        meeting the requirements of section 8101(21)(A)(i).
    ``(f) Definitions.--In this section:
            ``(1) Eligible entity.--The term `eligible entity' 
        means--
                    ``(A) a local educational agency, including 
                an educational service agency, that serves a 
                high-need school or a consortium of such 
                agencies;
                    ``(B) a State educational agency or a 
                consortium of such agencies;
                    ``(C) a State educational agency in 
                partnership with 1 or more local educational 
                agencies, or educational service agencies, that 
                serve a high-need school;
                    ``(D) the Bureau of Indian Education; or
                    ``(E) an entity described in subparagraph 
                (A), (B), (C), or (D) in partnership with 1 or 
                more nonprofit organizations or institutions of 
                higher education.
            ``(2) High-need school.--The term `high-need 
        school' means--
                    ``(A) an elementary school in which not 
                less than 50 percent of the enrolled students 
                are from families with incomes below the 
                poverty line; or
                    ``(B) a secondary school in which not less 
                than 40 percent of the enrolled students are 
                from families with incomes below the poverty 
                line.

``SEC. 2244. TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE AND NATIONAL EVALUATION.

    ``(a) In General.--From the funds reserved under section 
2241(3) for a fiscal year, the Secretary--
            ``(1) shall establish, in a manner consistent with 
        section 203 of the Educational Technical Assistance Act 
        of 2002 (20 U.S.C. 9602), a comprehensive center on 
        students at risk of not attaining full literacy skills 
        due to a disability that meets the purposes of 
        subsection (b); and
            ``(2) may--
                    ``(A) provide technical assistance, which 
                may be carried out directly or through grants 
                or contracts, to States and local educational 
                agencies carrying out activities under this 
                part; and
                    ``(B) carry out evaluations of activities 
                by States and local educational agencies under 
                this part, which shall be conducted by a third 
                party or by the Institute of Education 
                Sciences.
    ``(b) Purposes.--The comprehensive center established by 
the Secretary under subsection (a)(1) shall--
            ``(1) identify or develop free or low-cost 
        evidence-based assessment tools for identifying 
        students at risk of not attaining full literacy skills 
        due to a disability, including dyslexia impacting 
        reading or writing, or developmental delay impacting 
        reading, writing, language processing, comprehension, 
        or executive functioning;
            ``(2) identify evidence-based literacy instruction, 
        strategies, and accommodations, including assistive 
        technology, designed to meet the specific needs of such 
        students;
            ``(3) provide families of such students with 
        information to assist such students;
            ``(4) identify or develop evidence-based 
        professional development for teachers, 
        paraprofessionals, principals, other school leaders, 
        and specialized instructional support personnel to--
                    ``(A) understand early indicators of 
                students at risk of not attaining full literacy 
                skills due to a disability, including dyslexia 
                impacting reading or writing, or developmental 
                delay impacting reading, writing, language 
                processing, comprehension, or executive 
                functioning;
                    ``(B) use evidence-based screening 
                assessments for early identification of such 
                students beginning not later than kindergarten; 
                and
                    ``(C) implement evidence-based instruction 
                designed to meet the specific needs of such 
                students; and
            ``(5) disseminate the products of the comprehensive 
        center to regionally diverse State educational 
        agencies, local educational agencies, regional 
        educational agencies, and schools, including, as 
        appropriate, through partnerships with other 
        comprehensive centers established under section 203 of 
        the Educational Technical Assistance Act of 2002 (20 
        U.S.C. 9602), and regional educational laboratories 
        established under section 174 of the Education Sciences 
        Reform Act of 2002 (20 U.S.C. 9564).

``SEC. 2245. STEM MASTER TEACHER CORPS.

    ``(a) In General.--From the funds reserved under section 
2241(4) for a fiscal year, the Secretary may award grants to--
            ``(1) State educational agencies to enable such 
        agencies to support the development of a State-wide 
        STEM master teacher corps; or
            ``(2) State educational agencies, or nonprofit 
        organizations in partnership with State educational 
        agencies, to support the implementation, replication, 
        or expansion of effective science, technology, 
        engineering, and mathematics professional development 
        programs in schools across the State through 
        collaboration with school administrators, principals, 
        and STEM educators.
    ``(b) STEM Master Teacher Corps.--In this section, the term 
`STEM master teacher corps' means a State-led effort to elevate 
the status of the science, technology, engineering, and 
mathematics teaching profession by recognizing, rewarding, 
attracting, and retaining outstanding science, technology, 
engineering, and mathematics teachers, particularly in high-
need and rural schools, by--
            ``(1) selecting candidates to be master teachers in 
        the corps on the basis of--
                    ``(A) content knowledge based on a 
                screening examination; and
                    ``(B) pedagogical knowledge of and success 
                in teaching;
            ``(2) offering such teachers opportunities to--
                    ``(A) work with one another in scholarly 
                communities; and
                    ``(B) participate in and lead high-quality 
                professional development; and
            ``(3) providing such teachers with additional 
        appropriate and substantial compensation for the work 
        described in paragraph (2) and in the master teacher 
        community.

                      ``PART C--GENERAL PROVISIONS

``SEC. 2301. SUPPLEMENT, NOT SUPPLANT.

    ``Funds made available under this title shall be used to 
supplement, and not supplant, non-Federal funds that would 
otherwise be used for activities authorized under this title.

``SEC. 2302. RULES OF CONSTRUCTION.

    ``(a) Prohibition Against Federal Mandates, Direction, or 
Control.--Nothing in this title shall be construed to authorize 
the Secretary or any other officer or employee of the Federal 
Government to mandate, direct, or control a State, local 
educational agency, or school's--
            ``(1) instructional content or materials, 
        curriculum, program of instruction, academic standards, 
        or academic assessments;
            ``(2) teacher, principal, or other school leader 
        evaluation system;
            ``(3) specific definition of teacher, principal, or 
        other school leader effectiveness; or
            ``(4) teacher, principal, or other school leader 
        professional standards, certification, or licensing.
    ``(b) School or District Employees.--Nothing in this title 
shall be construed to alter or otherwise affect the rights, 
remedies, and procedures afforded school or school district 
employees under Federal, State, or local laws (including 
applicable regulations or court orders) or under the terms of 
collective bargaining agreements, memoranda of understanding, 
or other agreements between such employees and their 
employers.''.

  TITLE III--LANGUAGE INSTRUCTION FOR ENGLISH LEARNERS AND IMMIGRANT 
                                STUDENTS

SEC. 3001. REDESIGNATION OF CERTAIN PROVISIONS.

    Title III (20 U.S.C. 6801 et seq.) is amended--
            (1) by striking the title heading and inserting 
        ``LANGUAGE INSTRUCTION FOR ENGLISH LEARNERS AND 
        IMMIGRANT STUDENTS'';
            (2) in part A--
                    (A) by striking section 3122;
                    (B) by redesignating sections 3123 through 
                3129 as sections 3122 through 3128, 
                respectively; and
                    (C) by striking subpart 4;
            (3) by striking part B;
            (4) by redesignating part C as part B; and
            (5) in part B, as redesignated by paragraph (4)--
                    (A) by redesignating section 3301 as 
                section 3201;
                    (B) by striking section 3302; and
                    (C) by redesignating sections 3303 and 3304 
                as sections 3202 and 3203, respectively.

SEC. 3002. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

    Section 3001 (20 U.S.C. 6801) is amended to read as 
follows:

``SEC. 3001. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

    ``There are authorized to be appropriated to carry out this 
title--
            ``(1) $756,332,450 for fiscal year 2017;
            ``(2) $769,568,267 for fiscal year 2018;
            ``(3) $784,959,633 for fiscal year 2019; and
            ``(4) $884,959,633 for fiscal year 2020.''.

SEC. 3003. ENGLISH LANGUAGE ACQUISITION, LANGUAGE ENHANCEMENT, AND 
                    ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT.

    (a) Purposes.--Section 3102 (20 U.S.C. 6812) is amended to 
read as follows:

``SEC. 3102. PURPOSES.

    ``The purposes of this part are--
            ``(1) to help ensure that English learners, 
        including immigrant children and youth, attain English 
        proficiency and develop high levels of academic 
        achievement in English;
            ``(2) to assist all English learners, including 
        immigrant children and youth, to achieve at high levels 
        in academic subjects so that all English learners can 
        meet the same challenging State academic standards that 
        all children are expected to meet;
            ``(3) to assist teachers (including preschool 
        teachers), principals and other school leaders, State 
        educational agencies, local educational agencies, and 
        schools in establishing, implementing, and sustaining 
        effective language instruction educational programs 
        designed to assist in teaching English learners, 
        including immigrant children and youth;
            ``(4) to assist teachers (including preschool 
        teachers), principals and other school leaders, State 
        educational agencies, and local educational agencies to 
        develop and enhance their capacity to provide effective 
        instructional programs designed to prepare English 
        learners, including immigrant children and youth, to 
        enter all-English instructional settings; and
            ``(5) to promote parental, family, and community 
        participation in language instruction educational 
        programs for the parents, families, and communities of 
        English learners.''.
    (b) Formula Grants to States.--Section 3111 (20 U.S.C. 
6821) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (b)--
                    (A) in paragraph (2), by striking 
                subparagraphs (A) through (D) and inserting the 
                following:
                    ``(A) Establishing and implementing, with 
                timely and meaningful consultation with local 
                educational agencies representing the 
                geographic diversity of the State, standardized 
                statewide entrance and exit procedures, 
                including a requirement that all students who 
                may be English learners are assessed for such 
                status within 30 days of enrollment in a school 
                in the State.
                    ``(B) Providing effective teacher and 
                principal preparation, effective professional 
                development activities, and other effective 
                activities related to the education of English 
                learners, which may include assisting teachers, 
                principals, and other educators in--
                            ``(i) meeting State and local 
                        certification and licensing 
                        requirements for teaching English 
                        learners; and
                            ``(ii) improving teaching skills in 
                        meeting the diverse needs of English 
                        learners, including how to implement 
                        effective programs and curricula on 
                        teaching English learners.
                    ``(C) Planning, evaluation, administration, 
                and interagency coordination related to the 
                subgrants referred to in paragraph (1).
                    ``(D) Providing technical assistance and 
                other forms of assistance to eligible entities 
                that are receiving subgrants from a State 
                educational agency under this subpart, 
                including assistance in--
                            ``(i) identifying and implementing 
                        effective language instruction 
                        educational programs and curricula for 
                        teaching English learners;
                            ``(ii) helping English learners 
                        meet the same challenging State 
                        academic standards that all children 
                        are expected to meet;
                            ``(iii) identifying or developing, 
                        and implementing, measures of English 
                        proficiency; and
                            ``(iv) strengthening and increasing 
                        parent, family, and community 
                        engagement in programs that serve 
                        English learners.
                    ``(E) Providing recognition, which may 
                include providing financial awards, to 
                recipients of subgrants under section 3115 that 
                have significantly improved the achievement and 
                progress of English learners in meeting--
                            ``(i) the State-designed long-term 
                        goals established under section 
                        1111(c)(4)(A)(ii), including 
                        measurements of interim progress 
                        towards meeting such goals, based on 
                        the State's English language 
                        proficiency assessment under section 
                        1111(b)(2)(G); and
                            ``(ii) the challenging State 
                        academic standards.'';
                    (B) in paragraph (3)--
                            (i) in the paragraph heading, by 
                        striking ``Administrative'' and 
                        inserting ``Direct administrative'';
                            (ii) by striking ``60 percent'' and 
                        inserting ``50 percent''; and
                            (iii) by inserting ``direct'' 
                        before ``administrative costs''; and
            (2) in subsection (c)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1)--
                            (i) in the matter preceding 
                        subparagraph (A), by striking ``section 
                        3001(a)'' and inserting ``section 
                        3001'';
                            (ii) in subparagraph (B), by 
                        inserting ``and'' after the semicolon;
                            (iii) by striking subparagraph (C) 
                        and inserting the following:
                    ``(C) 6.5 percent of such amount for 
                national activities under sections 3131 and 
                3202, except that not more than $2,000,000 of 
                such amount may be reserved for the National 
                Clearinghouse for English Language Acquisition 
                and Language Instruction Educational Programs 
                described in section 3202.''; and
                            (iv) by striking subparagraph (D);
                    (B) by striking paragraphs (2) and (4);
                    (C) by redesignating paragraph (3) as 
                paragraph (2);
                    (D) in paragraph (2)(A), as redesignated by 
                subparagraph (C)--
                            (i) in the matter preceding clause 
                        (i), by striking ``section 3001(a)'' 
                        and inserting ``section 3001'';
                            (ii) in clause (i), by striking 
                        ``limited English proficient'' and all 
                        that follows through ``States; and'' 
                        and inserting ``English learners in the 
                        State bears to the number of English 
                        learners in all States, as determined 
                        in accordance with paragraph (3)(A); 
                        and''; and
                            (iii) in clause (ii), by inserting 
                        ``, as determined in accordance with 
                        paragraph (3)(B)'' before the period at 
                        the end; and
                    (E) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(3) Use of data for determinations.--In making 
        State allotments under paragraph (2) for each fiscal 
        year, the Secretary shall--
                    ``(A) determine the number of English 
                learners in a State and in all States, using 
                the most accurate, up-to-date data, which shall 
                be--
                            ``(i) data available from the 
                        American Community Survey conducted by 
                        the Department of Commerce, which may 
                        be multiyear estimates;
                            ``(ii) the number of students being 
                        assessed for English language 
                        proficiency, based on the State's 
                        English language proficiency assessment 
                        under section 1111(b)(2)(G), which may 
                        be multiyear estimates; or
                            ``(iii) a combination of data 
                        available under clauses (i) and (ii); 
                        and
                    ``(B) determine the number of immigrant 
                children and youth in the State and in all 
                States based only on data available from the 
                American Community Survey conducted by the 
                Department of Commerce, which may be multiyear 
                estimates.''.
    (c) Native American and Alaska Native Children in School.--
Section 3112(a) (20 U.S.C. 6822(a)) is amended by striking 
``Bureau of Indian Affairs'' each place the term appears and 
inserting ``Bureau of Indian Education''.
    (d) State and Specially Qualified Agency Plans.--Section 
3113 (20 U.S.C. 6823) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a), by striking ``, in such 
        manner, and containing such information'' and inserting 
        ``and in such manner'';
            (2) in subsection (b)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1), by striking 
                ``making'' and inserting ``awarding''; and
                    (B) by striking paragraphs (2) through (6) 
                and inserting the following:
            ``(2) describe how the agency will establish and 
        implement, with timely and meaningful consultation with 
        local educational agencies representing the geographic 
        diversity of the State, standardized, statewide 
        entrance and exit procedures, including an assurance 
        that all students who may be English learners are 
        assessed for such status within 30 days of enrollment 
        in a school in the State;
            ``(3) provide an assurance that--
                    ``(A) the agency will ensure that eligible 
                entities receiving a subgrant under this 
                subpart comply with the requirement in section 
                1111(b)(2)(B)(ix) regarding assessment of 
                English learners in English;
                    ``(B) the agency will ensure that eligible 
                entities receiving a subgrant under this 
                subpart annually assess the English proficiency 
                of all English learners participating in a 
                program funded under this subpart, consistent 
                with section 1111(b)(2)(G);
                    ``(C) in awarding subgrants under section 
                3114, the agency will address the needs of 
                school systems of all sizes and in all 
                geographic areas, including school systems with 
                rural and urban schools;
                    ``(D) subgrants to eligible entities under 
                section 3114(d)(1) will be of sufficient size 
                and scope to allow such entities to carry out 
                effective language instruction educational 
                programs for English learners;
                    ``(E) the agency will require an eligible 
                entity receiving a subgrant under this subpart 
                to use the subgrant in ways that will build 
                such recipient's capacity to continue to offer 
                effective language instruction educational 
                programs that assist English learners in 
                meeting challenging State academic standards;
                    ``(F) the agency will monitor each eligible 
                entity receiving a subgrant under this subpart 
                for compliance with applicable Federal fiscal 
                requirements; and
                    ``(G) the plan has been developed in 
                consultation with local educational agencies, 
                teachers, administrators of programs 
                implemented under this subpart, parents of 
                English learners, and other relevant 
                stakeholders;
            ``(4) describe how the agency will coordinate its 
        programs and activities under this subpart with other 
        programs and activities under this Act and other Acts, 
        as appropriate;
            ``(5) describe how each eligible entity will be 
        given the flexibility to teach English learners--
                    ``(A) using a high-quality, effective 
                language instruction curriculum for teaching 
                English learners; and
                    ``(B) in the manner the eligible entity 
                determines to be the most effective;
            ``(6) describe how the agency will assist eligible 
        entities in meeting--
                    ``(A) the State-designed long-term goals 
                established under section 1111(c)(4)(A)(ii), 
                including measurements of interim progress 
                towards meeting such goals, based on the 
                State's English language proficiency assessment 
                under section 1111(b)(2)(G); and
                    ``(B) the challenging State academic 
                standards;
            ``(7) describe how the agency will meet the unique 
        needs of children and youth in the State being served 
        through the reservation of funds under section 3114(d); 
        and
            ``(8) describe--
                    ``(A) how the agency will monitor the 
                progress of each eligible entity receiving a 
                subgrant under this subpart in helping English 
                learners achieve English proficiency; and
                    ``(B) the steps the agency will take to 
                further assist eligible entities if the 
                strategies funded under this subpart are not 
                effective, such as providing technical 
                assistance and modifying such strategies.'';
            (3) in subsection (d)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1), by striking ``this 
                part'' each place the term appears and 
                inserting ``this subpart''; and
                    (B) in paragraph (2)(B), by striking ``this 
                part'' and inserting ``this subpart'';
            (4) in subsection (e), by striking ``section 9302'' 
        and inserting ``section 8302''; and
            (5) in subsection (f)--
                    (A) by inserting ``by the State'' after 
                ``if requested''; and
                    (B) by striking ``, objectives,''.
    (e) Within-State Allocations.--Section 3114 (20 U.S.C. 
6824) is amended--
            (1) by striking subsection (a) and inserting the 
        following:
    ``(a) In General.--After making the reservation required 
under subsection (d)(1), each State educational agency 
receiving a grant under section 3111(c)(2) shall award 
subgrants for a fiscal year by allocating in a timely manner to 
each eligible entity in the State having a plan approved under 
section 3116 an amount that bears the same relationship to the 
amount received under the grant and remaining after making such 
reservation as the population of English learners in schools 
served by the eligible entity bears to the population of 
English learners in schools served by all eligible entities in 
the State.''; and
            (2) in subsection (d)(1)--
                    (A) by striking ``section 3111(c)(3)'' and 
                inserting ``section 3111(c)(2)''; and
                    (B) by striking ``preceding the fiscal 
                year''.
    (f) Subgrants to Eligible Entities.--Section 3115 (20 
U.S.C. 6825) is amended to read as follows:

``SEC. 3115. SUBGRANTS TO ELIGIBLE ENTITIES.

    ``(a) Purposes of Subgrants.--A State educational agency 
may make a subgrant to an eligible entity from funds received 
by the agency under this subpart only if the entity agrees to 
expend the funds to improve the education of English learners 
by assisting the children to learn English and meet the 
challenging State academic standards. In carrying out 
activities with such funds, the eligible entity shall use 
effective approaches and methodologies for teaching English 
learners and immigrant children and youth for the following 
purposes:
            ``(1) Developing and implementing new language 
        instruction educational programs and academic content 
        instructional programs for English learners and 
        immigrant children and youth, including early childhood 
        education programs, elementary school programs, and 
        secondary school programs.
            ``(2) Carrying out highly focused, innovative, 
        locally designed activities to expand or enhance 
        existing language instruction educational programs and 
        academic content instructional programs for English 
        learners and immigrant children and youth.
            ``(3) Implementing, within an individual school, 
        schoolwide programs for restructuring, reforming, and 
        upgrading all relevant programs, activities, and 
        operations relating to language instruction educational 
        programs and academic content instruction for English 
        learners and immigrant children and youth.
            ``(4) Implementing, within the entire jurisdiction 
        of a local educational agency, agencywide programs for 
        restructuring, reforming, and upgrading all relevant 
        programs, activities, and operations relating to 
        language instruction educational programs and academic 
        content instruction for English learners and immigrant 
        children and youth.
    ``(b) Direct Administrative Expenses.--Each eligible entity 
receiving funds under section 3114(a) for a fiscal year may use 
not more than 2 percent of such funds for the cost of 
administering this subpart.
    ``(c) Required Subgrantee Activities.--An eligible entity 
receiving funds under section 3114(a) shall use the funds--
            ``(1) to increase the English language proficiency 
        of English learners by providing effective language 
        instruction educational programs that meet the needs of 
        English learners and demonstrate success in 
        increasing--
                    ``(A) English language proficiency; and
                    ``(B) student academic achievement;
            ``(2) to provide effective professional development 
        to classroom teachers (including teachers in classroom 
        settings that are not the settings of language 
        instruction educational programs), principals and other 
        school leaders, administrators, and other school or 
        community-based organizational personnel, that is--
                    ``(A) designed to improve the instruction 
                and assessment of English learners;
                    ``(B) designed to enhance the ability of 
                such teachers, principals, and other school 
                leaders to understand and implement curricula, 
                assessment practices and measures, and 
                instructional strategies for English learners;
                    ``(C) effective in increasing children's 
                English language proficiency or substantially 
                increasing the subject matter knowledge, 
                teaching knowledge, and teaching skills of such 
                teachers; and
                    ``(D) of sufficient intensity and duration 
                (which shall not include activities such as 1-
                day or short-term workshops and conferences) to 
                have a positive and lasting impact on the 
                teachers' performance in the classroom, except 
                that this subparagraph shall not apply to an 
                activity that is one component of a long-term, 
                comprehensive professional development plan 
                established by a teacher and the teacher's 
                supervisor based on an assessment of the needs 
                of the teacher, the supervisor, the students of 
                the teacher, and any local educational agency 
                employing the teacher, as appropriate; and
            ``(3) to provide and implement other effective 
        activities and strategies that enhance or supplement 
        language instruction educational programs for English 
        learners, which--
                    ``(A) shall include parent, family, and 
                community engagement activities; and
                    ``(B) may include strategies that serve to 
                coordinate and align related programs.
    ``(d) Authorized Subgrantee Activities.--Subject to 
subsection (c), an eligible entity receiving funds under 
section 3114(a) may use the funds to achieve any of the 
purposes described in subsection (a) by undertaking 1 or more 
of the following activities:
            ``(1) Upgrading program objectives and effective 
        instructional strategies.
            ``(2) Improving the instructional program for 
        English learners by identifying, acquiring, and 
        upgrading curricula, instructional materials, 
        educational software, and assessment procedures.
            ``(3) Providing to English learners--
                    ``(A) tutorials and academic or career and 
                technical education; and
                    ``(B) intensified instruction, which may 
                include materials in a language that the 
                student can understand, interpreters, and 
                translators.
            ``(4) Developing and implementing effective 
        preschool, elementary school, or secondary school 
        language instruction educational programs that are 
        coordinated with other relevant programs and services.
            ``(5) Improving the English language proficiency 
        and academic achievement of English learners.
            ``(6) Providing community participation programs, 
        family literacy services, and parent and family 
        outreach and training activities to English learners 
        and their families--
                    ``(A) to improve the English language 
                skills of English learners; and
                    ``(B) to assist parents and families in 
                helping their children to improve their 
                academic achievement and becoming active 
                participants in the education of their 
                children.
            ``(7) Improving the instruction of English 
        learners, which may include English learners with a 
        disability, by providing for--
                    ``(A) the acquisition or development of 
                educational technology or instructional 
                materials;
                    ``(B) access to, and participation in, 
                electronic networks for materials, training, 
                and communication; and
                    ``(C) incorporation of the resources 
                described in subparagraphs (A) and (B) into 
                curricula and programs, such as those funded 
                under this subpart.
            ``(8) Offering early college high school or dual or 
        concurrent enrollment programs or courses designed to 
        help English learners achieve success in postsecondary 
        education.
            ``(9) Carrying out other activities that are 
        consistent with the purposes of this section.
    ``(e) Activities by Agencies Experiencing Substantial 
Increases in Immigrant Children and Youth.--
            ``(1) In general.--An eligible entity receiving 
        funds under section 3114(d)(1) shall use the funds to 
        pay for activities that provide enhanced instructional 
        opportunities for immigrant children and youth, which 
        may include--
                    ``(A) family literacy, parent and family 
                outreach, and training activities designed to 
                assist parents and families to become active 
                participants in the education of their 
                children;
                    ``(B) recruitment of, and support for, 
                personnel, including teachers and 
                paraprofessionals who have been specifically 
                trained, or are being trained, to provide 
                services to immigrant children and youth;
                    ``(C) provision of tutorials, mentoring, 
                and academic or career counseling for immigrant 
                children and youth;
                    ``(D) identification, development, and 
                acquisition of curricular materials, 
                educational software, and technologies to be 
                used in the program carried out with awarded 
                funds;
                    ``(E) basic instructional services that are 
                directly attributable to the presence of 
                immigrant children and youth in the local 
                educational agency involved, including the 
                payment of costs of providing additional 
                classroom supplies, costs of transportation, or 
                such other costs as are directly attributable 
                to such additional basic instructional 
                services;
                    ``(F) other instructional services that are 
                designed to assist immigrant children and youth 
                to achieve in elementary schools and secondary 
                schools in the United States, such as programs 
                of introduction to the educational system and 
                civics education; and
                    ``(G) activities, coordinated with 
                community-based organizations, institutions of 
                higher education, private sector entities, or 
                other entities with expertise in working with 
                immigrants, to assist parents and families of 
                immigrant children and youth by offering 
                comprehensive community services.
            ``(2) Duration of subgrants.--The duration of a 
        subgrant made by a State educational agency under 
        section 3114(d)(1) shall be determined by the agency in 
        its discretion.
    ``(f) Selection of Method of Instruction.--
            ``(1) In general.--To receive a subgrant from a 
        State educational agency under this subpart, an 
        eligible entity shall select one or more methods or 
        forms of effective instruction to be used in the 
        programs and activities undertaken by the entity to 
        assist English learners to attain English language 
        proficiency and meet challenging State academic 
        standards.
            ``(2) Consistency.--The selection described in 
        paragraph (1) shall be consistent with sections 3124 
        through 3126.
    ``(g) Supplement, Not Supplant.--Federal funds made 
available under this subpart shall be used so as to supplement 
the level of Federal, State, and local public funds that, in 
the absence of such availability, would have been expended for 
programs for English learners and immigrant children and youth 
and in no case to supplant such Federal, State, and local 
public funds.''.
    (g) Local Plans.--Section 3116 (20 U.S.C. 6826) is 
amended--
            (1) in subsection (b), by striking paragraphs (1) 
        through (6) and inserting the following:
            ``(1) describe the effective programs and 
        activities, including language instruction educational 
        programs, proposed to be developed, implemented, and 
        administered under the subgrant that will help English 
        learners increase their English language proficiency 
        and meet the challenging State academic standards;
            ``(2) describe how the eligible entity will ensure 
        that elementary schools and secondary schools receiving 
        funds under this subpart assist English learners in--
                    ``(A) achieving English proficiency based 
                on the State's English language proficiency 
                assessment under section 1111(b)(2)(G), 
                consistent with the State's long-term goals, as 
                described in section 1111(c)(4)(A)(ii); and
                    ``(B) meeting the challenging State 
                academic standards;
            ``(3) describe how the eligible entity will promote 
        parent, family, and community engagement in the 
        education of English learners;
            ``(4) contain assurances that--
                    ``(A) each local educational agency that is 
                included in the eligible entity is complying 
                with section 1112(e) prior to, and throughout, 
                each school year as of the date of application;
                    ``(B) the eligible entity is not in 
                violation of any State law, including State 
                constitutional law, regarding the education of 
                English learners, consistent with sections 3125 
                and 3126;
                    ``(C) the eligible entity consulted with 
                teachers, researchers, school administrators, 
                parents and family members, community members, 
                public or private entities, and institutions of 
                higher education, in developing and 
                implementing such plan; and
                    ``(D) the eligible entity will, if 
                applicable, coordinate activities and share 
                relevant data under the plan with local Head 
                Start and Early Head Start agencies, including 
                migrant and seasonal Head Start agencies, and 
                other early childhood education providers.'';
            (2) in subsection (c), by striking ``limited 
        English proficient children'' and inserting ``English 
        learners''; and
            (3) by striking subsection (d).
    (h) Reporting.--Section 3121 (20 U.S.C. 6841) is amended to 
read as follows:

``SEC. 3121. REPORTING.

    ``(a) In General.--Each eligible entity that receives a 
subgrant from a State educational agency under subpart 1 shall 
provide such agency, at the conclusion of every second fiscal 
year during which the subgrant is received, with a report, in a 
form prescribed by the agency, on the activities conducted and 
children served under such subpart that includes--
            ``(1) a description of the programs and activities 
        conducted by the entity with funds received under 
        subpart 1 during the 2 immediately preceding fiscal 
        years, which shall include a description of how such 
        programs and activities supplemented programs funded 
        primarily with State or local funds;
            ``(2) the number and percentage of English learners 
        in the programs and activities who are making progress 
        toward achieving English language proficiency, as 
        described in section 1111(c)(4)(A)(ii), in the 
        aggregate and disaggregated, at a minimum, by English 
        learners with a disability;
            ``(3) the number and percentage of English learners 
        in the programs and activities attaining English 
        language proficiency based on State English language 
        proficiency standards established under section 
        1111(b)(1)(G) by the end of each school year, as 
        determined by the State's English language proficiency 
        assessment under section 1111(b)(2)(G);
            ``(4) the number and percentage of English learners 
        who exit the language instruction educational programs 
        based on their attainment of English language 
        proficiency;
            ``(5) the number and percentage of English learners 
        meeting challenging State academic standards for each 
        of the 4 years after such children are no longer 
        receiving services under this part, in the aggregate 
        and disaggregated, at a minimum, by English learners 
        with a disability;
            ``(6) the number and percentage of English learners 
        who have not attained English language proficiency 
        within 5 years of initial classification as an English 
        learner and first enrollment in the local educational 
        agency; and
            ``(7) any other information that the State 
        educational agency may require.
    ``(b) Use of Report.--A report provided by an eligible 
entity under subsection (a) shall be used by the entity and the 
State educational agency for improvement of programs and 
activities under this part.
    ``(c) Special Rule for Specially Qualified Agencies.--Each 
specially qualified agency receiving a grant under subpart 1 
shall provide the reports described in subsection (a) to the 
Secretary subject to the same requirements as apply to eligible 
entities providing such evaluations to State educational 
agencies under such subsection.''.
    (i) Biennial Reports.--Section 3122 (20 U.S.C. 6843), as 
redesignated by section 3001(2)(B), is amended--
            (1) in the section heading, by striking ``REPORTING 
        REQUIREMENTS'' and inserting ``BIENNIAL REPORTS'';
            (2) in subsection (a)--
                    (A) by striking ``evaluations'' and 
                inserting ``reports''; and
                    (B) by striking ``children who are limited 
                English proficient'' and inserting ``English 
                learners''; and
            (3) in subsection (b)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1)--
                            (i) by striking ``limited English 
                        proficient children'' and inserting 
                        ``English learners''; and
                            (ii) by striking ``children who are 
                        limited English proficient'' and 
                        inserting ``English learners'';
                    (B) in paragraph (2), by striking ``limited 
                English proficient children'' and inserting 
                ``English learners'';
                    (C) in paragraph (4), by striking ``section 
                3111(b)(2)(C)'' and inserting ``section 
                3111(b)(2)(D)'';
                    (D) in paragraph (5), by striking ``limited 
                English proficient children'' and inserting 
                ``English learners'';
                    (E) in paragraph (6), by striking ``major 
                findings of scientifically based research 
                carried out under this part'' and inserting 
                ``findings of the most recent evaluation 
                related to English learners carried out under 
                section 8601'';
                    (F) in paragraph (8)--
                            (i) by striking ``of limited 
                        English proficient children'' and 
                        inserting ``of English learners''; and
                            (ii) by striking ``into classrooms 
                        where instruction is not tailored for 
                        limited English proficient children''; 
                        and
                    (G) in paragraph (9), by striking ``title'' 
                and inserting ``part''.
    (j) Coordination With Related Programs.--Section 3123 (20 
U.S.C. 6844), as redesignated by section 3001(2)(B), is 
amended--
            (1) by striking ``children of limited English 
        proficiency'' and inserting ``English learners'';
            (2) by striking ``limited English proficient 
        children'' and inserting ``English learners''; and
            (3) by inserting after the period at the end the 
        following: ``The Secretary shall report to the Congress 
        on parallel Federal programs in other agencies and 
        departments.''.
    (k) Rules of Construction.--Section 3124 (20 U.S.C. 6845), 
as redesignated by section 3001(2)(B), is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1), by striking ``limited English 
        proficient children'' and inserting ``English 
        learners''; and
            (2) in paragraph (2), by striking ``limited English 
        proficient children'' and inserting ``English 
        learners''.
    (l) Prohibition.--Section 3128 (20 U.S.C. 6849), as 
redesignated by section 3001(2)(B), is amended by striking 
``limited English proficient children'' and inserting ``English 
learners''.
    (m) National Professional Development Project.--Section 
3131 (20 U.S.C. 6861) is amended to read as follows:

``SEC. 3131. NATIONAL PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT PROJECT.

    ``The Secretary shall use funds made available under 
section 3111(c)(1)(C) to award grants on a competitive basis, 
for a period of not more than 5 years, to institutions of 
higher education or public or private entities with relevant 
experience and capacity (in consortia with State educational 
agencies or local educational agencies) to provide for 
professional development activities that will improve classroom 
instruction for English learners and assist educational 
personnel working with English learners to meet high 
professional standards, including standards for certification 
and licensure as teachers who work in language instruction 
educational programs or serve English learners. Grants awarded 
under this section may be used--
            ``(1) for effective preservice or inservice 
        professional development programs that will improve the 
        qualifications and skills of educational personnel 
        involved in the education of English learners, 
        including personnel who are not certified or licensed 
        and educational paraprofessionals, and for other 
        activities to increase teacher and school leader 
        effectiveness in meeting the needs of English learners;
            ``(2) for the development of curricula or other 
        instructional strategies appropriate to the needs of 
        the consortia participants involved;
            ``(3) to support strategies that strengthen and 
        increase parent, family, and community member 
        engagement in the education of English learners;
            ``(4) to develop, share, and disseminate effective 
        practices in the instruction of English learners and in 
        increasing the student academic achievement of English 
        learners, such as through the use of technology-based 
        programs;
            ``(5) in conjunction with other Federal need-based 
        student financial assistance programs, for financial 
        assistance, and costs related to tuition, fees, and 
        books for enrolling in courses required to complete the 
        degree involved, to meet certification or licensing 
        requirements for teachers who work in language 
        instruction educational programs or serve English 
        learners; and
            ``(6) as appropriate, to support strategies that 
        promote school readiness of English learners and their 
        transition from early childhood education programs, 
        such as Head Start or State-run preschool programs, to 
        elementary school programs.''.

SEC. 3004. GENERAL PROVISIONS.

    (a) Definitions.--Section 3201 (20 U.S.C. 7011), as 
redesignated by section 3001(5)(A), is amended--
            (1) by striking paragraphs (3), (4), and (5);
            (2) by inserting after paragraph (2) the following:
            ``(3) Eligible entity.--The term `eligible entity' 
        means--
                    ``(A) one or more local educational 
                agencies; or
                    ``(B) one or more local educational 
                agencies, in consortia or collaboration with an 
                institution of higher education, educational 
                service agency, community-based organization, 
                or State educational agency.
            ``(4) English learner with a disability.--The term 
        `English learner with a disability' means an English 
        learner who is also a child with a disability, as that 
        term is defined in section 602 of the Individuals with 
        Disabilities Education Act.'';
            (3) by redesignating paragraphs (6) through (15) as 
        paragraphs (5) through (14), respectively;
            (4) in paragraph (7)(A), as redesignated by 
        paragraph (3)--
                    (A) by striking ``a limited English 
                proficient child'' and inserting ``an English 
                learner''; and
                    (B) by striking ``challenging State 
                academic content and student academic 
                achievement standards, as required by section 
                1111(b)(1)'' and inserting ``challenging State 
                academic standards''; and
            (5) in paragraph (12), as redesignated by paragraph 
        (3), by striking ``, as defined in section 3141,''.
    (b) National Clearinghouse.--Section 3202 (20 U.S.C. 7013), 
as redesignated by section 3001(5)(C), is amended--
            (1) in the matter preceding paragraph (1)--
                    (A) by striking ``The Secretary shall'' and 
                inserting the following:
    ``(a) In General.--The Secretary shall''; and
                    (B) by striking ``limited English 
                proficient children'' and inserting ``English 
                learners'';
            (2) in paragraph (4)--
                    (A) in subparagraph (A), by striking 
                ``limited English proficient children'' and 
                inserting ``English learners, including English 
                learners with a disability, that includes 
                information on best practices on instructing 
                and serving English learners''; and
                    (B) in subparagraph (B), by striking 
                ``limited English proficient children'' and 
                inserting ``English learners''; and
            (3) by adding at the end the following:
    ``(b) Construction.--Nothing in this section shall 
authorize the Secretary to hire additional personnel to execute 
subsection (a).''.
    (c) Regulations.--Section 3203 (20 U.S.C. 7014), as 
redesignated by section 3001(5)(C), is amended--
            (1) by striking ``limited English proficient 
        individuals'' and inserting ``English learners''; and
            (2) by striking ``limited English proficient 
        children'' and inserting ``English learners''.

                     TITLE IV--21ST CENTURY SCHOOLS

SEC. 4001. REDESIGNATIONS AND TRANSFERS.

    (a) Title IV Transfers and Related Amendments.--
            (1) Section 4303 (20 U.S.C. 7183) is amended--
                    (A) in subsection (b)(1), by striking 
                ``early childhood development (Head Start) 
                services'' and inserting ``early childhood 
                education programs'';
                    (B) in subsection (c)(2)--
                            (i) in the paragraph heading, by 
                        striking ``development services'' and 
                        inserting ``education programs''; and
                            (ii) by striking ``development 
                        (Head Start) services'' and inserting 
                        ``education programs''; and
                    (C) in subsection (e)(3), by striking 
                subparagraph (C) and inserting the following:
                    ``(C) such other matters as justice may 
                require.''.
            (2) Subpart 3 of part A of title IV (20 U.S.C. 
        7151) is--
                    (A) transferred to title IX (as amended by 
                section 2001 of this Act);
                    (B) inserted so as to appear after subpart 
                3 of part E of such title (as so transferred 
                and redesignated);
                    (C) redesignated as subpart 4 of such part; 
                and
                    (D) amended by redesignating section 4141 
                as section 9551.
            (3) Section 4155 (20 U.S.C. 7165) is--
                    (A) transferred to title IX (as amended by 
                section 2001 of this Act and paragraph (2) of 
                this subsection);
                    (B) inserted so as to appear after section 
                9536; and
                    (C) redesignated as section 9537.
            (4) Part C of title IV (20 U.S.C. 7181 et seq.) (as 
        amended by paragraph (1) of this subsection) is--
                    (A) transferred to title IX (as amended by 
                section 2001 of this Act and paragraphs (2) and 
                (3) of this subsection);
                    (B) inserted so as to appear after subpart 
                4 of part E of such title IX (as so transferred 
                and redesignated); and
                    (C) amended--
                            (i) by striking the part 
                        designation and heading and inserting 
                        ``SUBPART 5--ENVIRONMENTAL TOBACCO 
                        SMOKE''; and
                            (ii) by redesignating sections 4301 
                        through 4304 as sections 9561 through 
                        9564, respectively.
            (5) Title IV (as amended by section 2001 of this 
        Act and paragraphs (1) through (4) of this subsection) 
        is further amended--
                    (A) in the part heading of part A, by 
                striking ``SAFE AND DRUG-FREE SCHOOLS AND 
                COMMUNITIES'' and inserting ``STUDENT SUPPORT 
                AND ACADEMIC ENRICHMENT GRANTS'';
                    (B) by striking subparts 2 and 4 of part A;
                    (C) by redesignating subpart 5 of part A 
                (as so transferred and redesignated by section 
                2001(4) of this Act) as subpart 2 of part A; 
                and
                    (D) by redesignating section 4161 (as so 
                redesignated) as section 4121.
    (b) Title V Transfers and Related Amendments.--
            (1) In general.--Title V (20 U.S.C. 7201 et seq.) 
        is amended--
                    (A) by striking part A;
                    (B) by striking subparts 2 and 3 of part B; 
                and
                    (C) by striking part D.
            (2) Charter schools.--Part B of title V (20 U.S.C. 
        7221 et seq.) (as amended by paragraph (1) of this 
        subsection) is--
                    (A) transferred to title IV (as amended by 
                section 2001 of this Act and subsection (a) of 
                this section);
                    (B) inserted so as to appear after part B 
                of such title;
                    (C) redesignated as part C of such title; 
                and
                    (D) further amended--
                            (i) in the part heading, by 
                        striking ``PUBLIC CHARTER SCHOOLS'' and 
                        inserting ``EXPANDING OPPORTUNITY 
                        THROUGH QUALITY CHARTER SCHOOLS'';
                            (ii) by striking the subpart 
                        heading for subpart 1; and
                            (iii) by redesignating sections 
                        5201 through 5211 as sections 4301 
                        through 4311, respectively.
            (3) Magnet schools.--Part C of title V (20 U.S.C. 
        7231 et seq.) is--
                    (A) transferred to title IV (as amended by 
                section 2001 of this Act, subsection (a) of 
                this section, and paragraph (2) of this 
                subsection)
                    (B) inserted so as to appear after part C 
                of such title (as so transferred and 
                redesignated);
                    (C) redesignated as part D of such title; 
                and
                    (D) amended--
                            (i) by redesignating sections 5301 
                        through 5307 as sections 4401 through 
                        4407, respectively;
                            (ii) by striking sections 5308 and 
                        5310; and
                            (iii) by redesignating sections 
                        5309 and 5311 as sections 4408 and 
                        4409, respectively.
            (4) Title v.--Title V, as amended by this section, 
        is repealed.

SEC. 4002. GENERAL PROVISIONS.

    Title IV (20 U.S.C. 7101 et seq.), as redesignated and 
amended by section 4001, is further amended by striking 
sections 4001 through 4003 and inserting the following:

``SEC. 4001. GENERAL PROVISIONS.

    ``(a) Parental Consent.--
            ``(1) In general.--
                    ``(A) Informed written consent.--A State, 
                local educational agency, or other entity 
                receiving funds under this title shall obtain 
                prior written, informed consent from the parent 
                of each child who is under 18 years of age to 
                participate in any mental-health assessment or 
                service that is funded under this title and 
                conducted in connection with an elementary 
                school or secondary school under this title.
                    ``(B) Contents.--Before obtaining the 
                consent described in subparagraph (A), the 
                entity shall provide the parent written notice 
                describing in detail such mental health 
                assessment or service, including the purpose 
                for such assessment or service, the provider of 
                such assessment or service, when such 
                assessment or service will begin, and how long 
                such assessment or service may last.
                    ``(C) Limitation.--The informed written 
                consent required under this paragraph shall not 
                be a waiver of any rights or protections under 
                section 444 of the General Education Provisions 
                Act (20 U.S.C. 1232g).
            ``(2) Exception.--Notwithstanding paragraph (1)(A), 
        the written, informed consent described in such 
        paragraph shall not be required in--
                    ``(A) an emergency, where it is necessary 
                to protect the immediate health and safety of 
                the child, other children, or entity personnel; 
                or
                    ``(B) other instances in which an entity 
                actively seeks parental consent but such 
                consent cannot be reasonably obtained, as 
                determined by the State or local educational 
                agency, including in the case of--
                            ``(i) a child whose parent has not 
                        responded to the notice described in 
                        paragraph (1)(B); or
                            ``(ii) a child who has attained 14 
                        years of age and is an unaccompanied 
                        youth, as defined in section 725 of the 
                        McKinney-Vento Homeless Assistance Act 
                        (42 U.S.C. 11434a).
    ``(b) Prohibited Use of Funds.--No funds under this title 
may be used for medical services or drug treatment or 
rehabilitation, except for integrated student supports, 
specialized instructional support services, or referral to 
treatment for impacted students, which may include students who 
are victims of, or witnesses to, crime or who illegally use 
drugs.
    ``(c) Prohibition on Mandatory Medication.--No child shall 
be required to obtain a prescription for a controlled 
substance, as defined in section 102 of the Controlled 
Substances Act (21 U.S.C. 802) as a condition of--
            ``(1) receiving an evaluation or other service 
        described under this title; or
            ``(2) attending a school receiving assistance under 
        this title.''.

         PART A--STUDENT SUPPORT AND ACADEMIC ENRICHMENT GRANTS

SEC. 4101. STUDENT SUPPORT AND ACADEMIC ENRICHMENT GRANTS.

    Subpart 1 of part A of title IV (20 U.S.C. 7101 et seq.) is 
amended to read as follows:

      ``Subpart 1--Student Support and Academic Enrichment Grants

``SEC. 4101. PURPOSE.

    ``The purpose of this subpart is to improve students' 
academic achievement by increasing the capacity of States, 
local educational agencies, schools, and local communities to--
            ``(1) provide all students with access to a well-
        rounded education;
            ``(2) improve school conditions for student 
        learning; and
            ``(3) improve the use of technology in order to 
        improve the academic achievement and digital literacy 
        of all students.

``SEC. 4102. DEFINITIONS.

    ``In this subpart:
            ``(1) Blended learning.--The term `blended 
        learning' means a formal education program that 
        leverages both technology-based and face-to-face 
        instructional approaches--
                    ``(A) that include an element of online or 
                digital learning, combined with supervised 
                learning time, and student-led learning, in 
                which the elements are connected to provide an 
                integrated learning experience; and
                    ``(B) in which students are provided some 
                control over time, path, or pace.
            ``(2) Controlled substance.--The term `controlled 
        substance' means a drug or other substance identified 
        under Schedule I, II, III, IV, or V in section 202(c) 
        of the Controlled Substances Act (21 U.S.C. 812(c)).
            ``(3) Digital learning.--The term `digital 
        learning' means any instructional practice that 
        effectively uses technology to strengthen a student's 
        learning experience and encompasses a wide spectrum of 
        tools and practices, including--
                    ``(A) interactive learning resources, 
                digital learning content (which may include 
                openly licensed content), software, or 
                simulations, that engage students in academic 
                content;
                    ``(B) access to online databases and other 
                primary source documents;
                    ``(C) the use of data and information to 
                personalize learning and provide targeted 
                supplementary instruction;
                    ``(D) online and computer-based 
                assessments;
                    ``(E) learning environments that allow for 
                rich collaboration and communication, which may 
                include student collaboration with content 
                experts and peers;
                    ``(F) hybrid or blended learning, which 
                occurs under direct instructor supervision at a 
                school or other location away from home and, at 
                least in part, through online delivery of 
                instruction with some element of student 
                control over time, place, path, or pace; and
                    ``(G) access to online course opportunities 
                for students in rural or remote areas.
            ``(4) Drug.--The term `drug' includes--
                    ``(A) controlled substances;
                    ``(B) the illegal use of alcohol or 
                tobacco, including smokeless tobacco products 
                and electronic cigarettes; and
                    ``(C) the harmful, abusive, or addictive 
                use of substances, including inhalants and 
                anabolic steroids.
            ``(5) Drug and violence prevention.--The term `drug 
        and violence prevention' means--
                    ``(A) with respect to drugs, prevention, 
                early intervention, rehabilitation referral, 
                recovery support services, or education related 
                to the illegal use of drugs, such as raising 
                awareness about the consequences of drug use 
                that are evidence-based (to the extent a State, 
                in consultation with local educational agencies 
                in the State, determines that such evidence is 
                reasonably available); and
                    ``(B) with respect to violence, the 
                promotion of school safety, such that students 
                and school personnel are free from violent and 
                disruptive acts, including sexual harassment 
                and abuse, and victimization associated with 
                prejudice and intolerance, on school premises, 
                going to and from school, and at school-
                sponsored activities, through the creation and 
                maintenance of a school environment that is 
                free of weapons and fosters individual 
                responsibility and respect for the rights of 
                others.
            ``(6) School-based mental health services 
        provider.--The term `school-based mental health 
        services provider' includes a State-licensed or State-
        certified school counselor, school psychologist, school 
        social worker, or other State licensed or certified 
        mental health professional qualified under State law to 
        provide mental health services to children and 
        adolescents.
            ``(7) State.--The term `State' means each of the 50 
        States, the District of Columbia, and the Commonwealth 
        of Puerto Rico.
            ``(8) Stem-focused specialty school.--The term 
        `STEM-focused specialty school' means a school, or 
        dedicated program within a school, that engages 
        students in rigorous, relevant, and integrated learning 
        experiences focused on science, technology, 
        engineering, and mathematics, including computer 
        science, which include authentic schoolwide research.

``SEC. 4103. FORMULA GRANTS TO STATES.

    ``(a) Reservations.--From the total amount appropriated 
under section 4112 for a fiscal year, the Secretary shall 
reserve--
            ``(1) one-half of 1 percent for allotments for 
        payments to the outlying areas, to be distributed among 
        those outlying areas on the basis of their relative 
        need, as determined by the Secretary, in accordance 
        with the purpose of this subpart;
            ``(2) one-half of 1 percent for the Secretary of 
        the Interior for programs under this subpart in schools 
        operated or funded by the Bureau of Indian Education; 
        and
            ``(3) 2 percent for technical assistance and 
        capacity building.
    ``(b) State Allotments.--
            ``(1) Allotment.--
                    ``(A) In general.--Subject to subparagraphs 
                (B) and (C), from the amount appropriated to 
                carry out this subpart that remains after the 
                Secretary makes the reservations under 
                subsection (a), the Secretary shall allot to 
                each State having a plan approved under 
                subsection (c), an amount that bears the same 
                relationship to the remainder as the amount the 
                State received under subpart 2 of part A of 
                title I for the preceding fiscal year bears to 
                the amount all States received under that 
                subpart for the preceding fiscal year.
                    ``(B) Small state minimum.--No State 
                receiving an allotment under this paragraph 
                shall receive less than one-half of 1 percent 
                of the total amount allotted under this 
                paragraph.
                    ``(C) Puerto rico.--The amount allotted 
                under this paragraph to the Commonwealth of 
                Puerto Rico for a fiscal year may not exceed 
                one-half of 1 percent of the total amount 
                allotted under this paragraph.
            ``(2) Reallotment.--If a State does not receive an 
        allotment under this subpart for a fiscal year, the 
        Secretary shall reallot the amount of the State's 
        allotment to the remaining States in accordance with 
        this subsection.
    ``(c) State Plan.--
            ``(1) In general.--In order to receive an allotment 
        under this section for any fiscal year, a State shall 
        submit a plan to the Secretary, at such time and in 
        such manner as the Secretary may reasonably require.
            ``(2) Contents.--Each plan submitted by a State 
        under this section shall include the following:
                    ``(A) A description of how the State 
                educational agency will use funds received 
                under this subpart for State-level activities.
                    ``(B) A description of how the State 
                educational agency will ensure that awards made 
                to local educational agencies under this 
                subpart are in amounts that are consistent with 
                section 4105(a)(2).
                    ``(C) Assurances that the State educational 
                agency will--
                            ``(i) review existing resources and 
                        programs across the State and will 
                        coordinate any new plans and resources 
                        under this subpart with such existing 
                        resources and programs;
                            ``(ii) monitor the implementation 
                        of activities under this subpart and 
                        provide technical assistance to local 
                        educational agencies in carrying out 
                        such activities; and
                            ``(iii) provide for equitable 
                        access for all students to the 
                        activities supported under this 
                        subpart, including aligning those 
                        activities with the requirements of 
                        other Federal laws.

``SEC. 4104. STATE USE OF FUNDS.

    ``(a) In General.--Each State that receives an allotment 
under section 4103 for a fiscal year shall--
            ``(1) reserve not less than 95 percent of the 
        allotment to make allocations to local educational 
        agencies under section 4105;
            ``(2) reserve not more than 1 percent of the 
        allotment for the administrative costs of carrying out 
        its responsibilities under this subpart, including 
        public reporting on how funds made available under this 
        subpart are being expended by local educational 
        agencies, including the degree to which the local 
        educational agencies have made progress toward meeting 
        the objectives and outcomes described in section 
        4106(e)(1)(E); and
            ``(3) use the amount made available to the State 
        and not reserved under paragraphs (1) and (2) for 
        activities described in subsection (b).
    ``(b) State Activities.--Each State that receives an 
allotment under section 4103 shall use the funds available 
under subsection (a)(3) for activities and programs designed to 
meet the purposes of this subpart, which may include--
            ``(1) providing monitoring of, and training, 
        technical assistance, and capacity building to, local 
        educational agencies that receive an allotment under 
        section 4105;
            ``(2) identifying and eliminating State barriers to 
        the coordination and integration of programs, 
        initiatives, and funding streams that meet the purposes 
        of this subpart, so that local educational agencies can 
        better coordinate with other agencies, schools, and 
        community-based services and programs; or
            ``(3) supporting local educational agencies in 
        providing programs and activities that--
                    ``(A) offer well-rounded educational 
                experiences to all students, as described in 
                section 4107, including female students, 
                minority students, English learners, children 
                with disabilities, and low-income students who 
                are often underrepresented in critical and 
                enriching subjects, which may include--
                            ``(i) increasing student access to 
                        and improving student engagement and 
                        achievement in--
                                    ``(I) high-quality courses 
                                in science, technology, 
                                engineering, and mathematics, 
                                including computer science;
                                    ``(II) activities and 
                                programs in music and the arts;
                                    ``(III) foreign languages;
                                    ``(IV) accelerated learning 
                                programs that provide--
                                            ``(aa) 
                                        postsecondary level 
                                        courses accepted for 
                                        credit at institutions 
                                        of higher education, 
                                        including dual or 
                                        concurrent enrollment 
                                        programs, and early 
                                        college high schools; 
                                        or
                                            ``(bb) 
                                        postsecondary level 
                                        instruction and 
                                        examinations that are 
                                        accepted for credit at 
                                        institutions of higher 
                                        education, including 
                                        Advanced Placement and 
                                        International 
                                        Baccalaureate programs;
                                    ``(V) American history, 
                                civics, economics, geography, 
                                social studies, or government 
                                education;
                                    ``(VI) environmental 
                                education; or
                                    ``(VII) other courses, 
                                activities, and programs or 
                                other experiences that 
                                contribute to a well-rounded 
                                education; or
                            ``(ii) reimbursing low-income 
                        students to cover part or all of the 
                        costs of accelerated learning 
                        examination fees, as described in 
                        clause (i)(IV);
                    ``(B) foster safe, healthy, supportive, and 
                drug-free environments that support student 
                academic achievement, as described in section 
                4108, which may include--
                            ``(i) coordinating with any local 
                        educational agencies or consortia of 
                        such agencies implementing a youth 
                        PROMISE plan to reduce exclusionary 
                        discipline, as described in section 
                        4108(5)(F);
                            ``(ii) supporting local educational 
                        agencies to--
                                    ``(I) implement mental 
                                health awareness training 
                                programs that are evidence-
                                based (to the extent the State 
                                determines that such evidence 
                                is reasonably available) to 
                                provide education to school 
                                personnel regarding resources 
                                available in the community for 
                                students with mental illnesses 
                                and other relevant resources 
                                relating to mental health or 
                                the safe de-escalation of 
                                crisis situations involving a 
                                student with a mental illness; 
                                or
                                    ``(II) expand access to or 
                                coordinate resources for 
                                school-based counseling and 
                                mental health programs, such as 
                                through school-based mental 
                                health services partnership 
                                programs;
                            ``(iii) providing local educational 
                        agencies with resources that are 
                        evidence-based (to the extent the State 
                        determines that such evidence is 
                        reasonably available) addressing ways 
                        to integrate health and safety 
                        practices into school or athletic 
                        programs; and
                            ``(iv) disseminating best practices 
                        and evaluating program outcomes 
                        relating to any local educational 
                        agency activities to promote student 
                        safety and violence prevention through 
                        effective communication as described in 
                        section 4108(5)(C)(iv); and
                    ``(C) increase access to personalized, 
                rigorous learning experiences supported by 
                technology by--
                            ``(i) providing technical 
                        assistance to local educational 
                        agencies to improve the ability of 
                        local educational agencies to--
                                    ``(I) identify and address 
                                technology readiness needs, 
                                including the types of 
                                technology infrastructure and 
                                access available to the 
                                students served by the local 
                                educational agency, including 
                                computer devices, access to 
                                school libraries, Internet 
                                connectivity, operating 
                                systems, software, related 
                                network infrastructure, and 
                                data security;
                                    ``(II) use technology, 
                                consistent with the principles 
                                of universal design for 
                                learning, to support the 
                                learning needs of all students, 
                                including children with 
                                disabilities and English 
                                learners; and
                                    ``(III) build capacity for 
                                principals, other school 
                                leaders, and local educational 
                                agency administrators to 
                                support teachers in using data 
                                and technology to improve 
                                instruction and personalize 
                                learning;
                            ``(ii) supporting schools in rural 
                        and remote areas to expand access to 
                        high-quality digital learning 
                        opportunities;
                            ``(iii) developing or using 
                        strategies that are innovative or 
                        evidence-based (to the extent the State 
                        determines that such evidence is 
                        reasonably available) for the delivery 
                        of specialized or rigorous academic 
                        courses and curricula through the use 
                        of technology, including digital 
                        learning technologies and assistive 
                        technology, which may include increased 
                        access to online dual or concurrent 
                        enrollment opportunities, career and 
                        technical courses, and programs leading 
                        to a recognized postsecondary 
                        credential (as defined in section 3 of 
                        the Workforce Innovation and 
                        Opportunity Act (29 U.S.C. 3102));
                            ``(iv) disseminating promising 
                        practices related to technology 
                        instruction, data security, and the 
                        acquisition and implementation of 
                        technology tools and applications, 
                        including through making such promising 
                        practices publicly available on the 
                        website of the State educational 
                        agency;
                            ``(v) providing teachers, 
                        paraprofessionals, school librarians 
                        and media personnel, specialized 
                        instructional support personnel, and 
                        administrators with the knowledge and 
                        skills to use technology effectively, 
                        including effective integration of 
                        technology, to improve instruction and 
                        student achievement, which may include 
                        coordination with teacher, principal, 
                        and other school leader preparation 
                        programs; and
                            ``(vi) making instructional content 
                        widely available through open 
                        educational resources, which may 
                        include providing tools and processes 
                        to support local educational agencies 
                        in making such resources widely 
                        available.
    ``(c) Special Rule.--A State that receives a grant under 
this subpart for fiscal year 2017 may use the amount made 
available to the State and not reserved under paragraphs (1) 
and (2) of subsection (a) for such fiscal year to cover part or 
all of the fees for accelerated learning examinations taken by 
low-income students during the 2016-2017 school year, in 
accordance with subsection (b)(3)(A)(ii).

``SEC. 4105. ALLOCATIONS TO LOCAL EDUCATIONAL AGENCIES.

    ``(a) Allocations to Local Educational Agencies.--
            ``(1) In general.--From the funds reserved by a 
        State under section 4104(a)(1), the State shall 
        allocate to each local educational agency in the State 
        that has an application approved by the State 
        educational agency under section 4106 an amount that 
        bears the same relationship to the total amount of such 
        reservation as the amount the local educational agency 
        received under subpart 2 of part A of title I for the 
        preceding fiscal year bears to the total amount 
        received by all local educational agencies in the State 
        under such subpart for the preceding fiscal year.
            ``(2) Minimum local educational agency 
        allocation.--No allocation to a local educational 
        agency under this subsection may be made in an amount 
        that is less than $10,000, subject to subsection (b).
            ``(3) Consortia.--Local educational agencies in a 
        State may form a consortium with other surrounding 
        local educational agencies and combine the funds each 
        such agency in the consortium receives under this 
        section to jointly carry out the local activities 
        described in this subpart.
    ``(b) Ratable Reduction.--If the amount reserved by the 
State under section 4104(a)(1) is insufficient to make 
allocations to local educational agencies in an amount equal to 
the minimum allocation described in subsection (a)(2), such 
allocations shall be ratably reduced.
    ``(c) Administrative Costs.--Of the amount received under 
subsection (a)(2), a local educational agency may reserve not 
more than 2 percent for the direct administrative costs of 
carrying out the local educational agency's responsibilities 
under this subpart.

``SEC. 4106. LOCAL EDUCATIONAL AGENCY APPLICATIONS.

    ``(a) Eligibility.--To be eligible to receive an allocation 
under section 4105(a), a local educational agency shall--
            ``(1) submit an application, which shall contain, 
        at a minimum, the information described in subsection 
        (e), to the State educational agency at such time, in 
        such manner, and containing such information as the 
        State educational agency may reasonably require; and
            ``(2) complete a needs assessment in accordance 
        with subsection (d).
    ``(b) Consortium.--If a local educational agency desires to 
carry out the activities described in this subpart in 
consortium with one or more surrounding local educational 
agencies as described in section 4105(a)(3), such local 
educational agencies shall submit a single application as 
required under subsection (a).
    ``(c) Consultation.--
            ``(1) In general.--A local educational agency, or 
        consortium of such agencies, shall develop its 
        application through consultation with parents, 
        teachers, principals, other school leaders, specialized 
        instructional support personnel, students, community-
        based organizations, local government representatives 
        (which may include a local law enforcement agency, 
        local juvenile court, local child welfare agency, or 
        local public housing agency), Indian tribes or tribal 
        organizations that may be located in the region served 
        by the local educational agency (where applicable), 
        charter school teachers, principals, and other school 
        leaders (if such agency or consortium of such agencies 
        supports charter schools), and others with relevant and 
        demonstrated expertise in programs and activities 
        designed to meet the purpose of this subpart.
            ``(2) Continued consultation.--The local 
        educational agency, or consortium of such agencies, 
        shall engage in continued consultation with the 
        entities described in paragraph (1) in order to improve 
        the local activities in order to meet the purpose of 
        this subpart and to coordinate such implementation with 
        other related strategies, programs, and activities 
        being conducted in the community.
    ``(d) Needs Assessment.--
            ``(1) In general.--Except as provided in paragraph 
        (2) and prior to receiving an allocation under this 
        subpart, a local educational agency or consortium of 
        such agencies shall conduct a comprehensive needs 
        assessment of the local educational agency or agencies 
        proposed to be served under this subpart in order to 
        examine needs for improvement of--
                    ``(A) access to, and opportunities for, a 
                well-rounded education for all students;
                    ``(B) school conditions for student 
                learning in order to create a healthy and safe 
                school environment; and
                    ``(C) access to personalized learning 
                experiences supported by technology and 
                professional development for the effective use 
                of data and technology.
            ``(2) Exception.--A local educational agency 
        receiving an allocation under section 4105(a) in an 
        amount that is less than $30,000 shall not be required 
        to conduct a comprehensive needs assessment under 
        paragraph (1).
            ``(3) Frequency of needs assessment.--Each local 
        educational agency, or consortium of local educational 
        agencies, shall conduct the needs assessment described 
        in paragraph (1) once every 3 years.
    ``(e) Contents of Local Application.--Each application 
submitted under this section by a local educational agency, or 
a consortium of such agencies, shall include the following:
            ``(1) Descriptions.--A description of the 
        activities and programming that the local educational 
        agency, or consortium of such agencies, will carry out 
        under this subpart, including a description of--
                    ``(A) any partnership with an institution 
                of higher education, business, nonprofit 
                organization, community-based organization, or 
                other public or private entity with a 
                demonstrated record of success in implementing 
                activities under this subpart;
                    ``(B) if applicable, how funds will be used 
                for activities related to supporting well-
                rounded education under section 4107;
                    ``(C) if applicable, how funds will be used 
                for activities related to supporting safe and 
                healthy students under section 4108;
                    ``(D) if applicable, how funds will be used 
                for activities related to supporting the 
                effective use of technology in schools under 
                section 4109; and
                    ``(E) the program objectives and intended 
                outcomes for activities under this subpart, and 
                how the local educational agency, or consortium 
                of such agencies, will periodically evaluate 
                the effectiveness of the activities carried out 
                under this section based on such objectives and 
                outcomes.
            ``(2) Assurances.--Each application shall include 
        assurances that the local educational agency, or 
        consortium of such agencies, will--
                    ``(A) prioritize the distribution of funds 
                to schools served by the local educational 
                agency, or consortium of such agencies, that--
                            ``(i) are among the schools with 
                        the greatest needs, as determined by 
                        such local educational agency, or 
                        consortium;
                            ``(ii) have the highest percentages 
                        or numbers of children counted under 
                        section 1124(c);
                            ``(iii) are identified for 
                        comprehensive support and improvement 
                        under section 1111(c)(4)(D)(i);
                            ``(iv) are implementing targeted 
                        support and improvement plans as 
                        described in section 1111(d)(2); or
                            ``(v) are identified as a 
                        persistently dangerous public 
                        elementary school or secondary school 
                        under section 8532;
                    ``(B) comply with section 8501 (regarding 
                equitable participation by private school 
                children and teachers);
                    ``(C) use not less than 20 percent of funds 
                received under this subpart to support one or 
                more of the activities authorized under section 
                4107;
                    ``(D) use not less than 20 percent of funds 
                received under this subpart to support one or 
                more activities authorized under section 4108;
                    ``(E) use a portion of funds received under 
                this subpart to support one or more activities 
                authorized under section 4109(a), including an 
                assurance that the local educational agency, or 
                consortium of local educational agencies, will 
                comply with section 4109(b); and
                    ``(F) annually report to the State for 
                inclusion in the report described in section 
                4104(a)(2) how funds are being used under this 
                subpart to meet the requirements of 
                subparagraphs (C) through (E).
    ``(f) Special Rule.--Any local educational agency receiving 
an allocation under section 4105(a)(1) in an amount less than 
$30,000 shall be required to provide only one of the assurances 
described in subparagraphs (C), (D), and (E) of subsection 
(e)(2).

``SEC. 4107. ACTIVITIES TO SUPPORT WELL-ROUNDED EDUCATIONAL 
                    OPPORTUNITIES.

    ``(a) In General.--Subject to section 4106(f), each local 
educational agency, or consortium of such agencies, that 
receives an allocation under section 4105(a) shall use a 
portion of such funds to develop and implement programs and 
activities that support access to a well-rounded education and 
that--
            ``(1) are coordinated with other schools and 
        community-based services and programs;
            ``(2) may be conducted in partnership with an 
        institution of higher education, business, nonprofit 
        organization, community-based organization, or other 
        public or private entity with a demonstrated record of 
        success in implementing activities under this section; 
        and
            ``(3) may include programs and activities, such 
        as--
                    ``(A) college and career guidance and 
                counseling programs, such as--
                            ``(i) postsecondary education and 
                        career awareness and exploration 
                        activities;
                            ``(ii) training counselors to 
                        effectively use labor market 
                        information in assisting students with 
                        postsecondary education and career 
                        planning; and
                            ``(iii) financial literacy and 
                        Federal financial aid awareness 
                        activities;
                    ``(B) programs and activities that use 
                music and the arts as tools to support student 
                success through the promotion of constructive 
                student engagement, problem solving, and 
                conflict resolution;
                    ``(C) programming and activities to improve 
                instruction and student engagement in science, 
                technology, engineering, and mathematics, 
                including computer science, (referred to in 
                this section as `STEM subjects') such as--
                            ``(i) increasing access for 
                        students through grade 12 who are 
                        members of groups underrepresented in 
                        such subject fields, such as female 
                        students, minority students, English 
                        learners, children with disabilities, 
                        and economically disadvantaged 
                        students, to high-quality courses;
                            ``(ii) supporting the participation 
                        of low-income students in nonprofit 
                        competitions related to STEM subjects 
                        (such as robotics, science research, 
                        invention, mathematics, computer 
                        science, and technology competitions);
                            ``(iii) providing hands-on learning 
                        and exposure to science, technology, 
                        engineering, and mathematics and 
                        supporting the use of field-based or 
                        service learning to enhance the 
                        students' understanding of the STEM 
                        subjects;
                            ``(iv) supporting the creation and 
                        enhancement of STEM-focused specialty 
                        schools;
                            ``(v) facilitating collaboration 
                        among school, after-school program, and 
                        informal program personnel to improve 
                        the integration of programming and 
                        instruction in the identified subjects; 
                        and
                            ``(vi) integrating other academic 
                        subjects, including the arts, into STEM 
                        subject programs to increase 
                        participation in STEM subjects, improve 
                        attainment of skills related to STEM 
                        subjects, and promote well-rounded 
                        education;
                    ``(D) efforts to raise student academic 
                achievement through accelerated learning 
                programs described in section 
                4104(b)(3)(A)(i)(IV), such as--
                            ``(i) reimbursing low-income 
                        students to cover part or all of the 
                        costs of accelerated learning 
                        examination fees, if the low-income 
                        students are enrolled in accelerated 
                        learning courses and plan to take 
                        accelerated learning examinations; or
                            ``(ii) increasing the availability 
                        of, and enrollment in, accelerated 
                        learning courses, accelerated learning 
                        examinations, dual or concurrent 
                        enrollment programs, and early college 
                        high school courses;
                    ``(E) activities to promote the 
                development, implementation, and strengthening 
                of programs to teach traditional American 
                history, civics, economics, geography, or 
                government education;
                    ``(F) foreign language instruction;
                    ``(G) environmental education;
                    ``(H) programs and activities that promote 
                volunteerism and community involvement;
                    ``(I) programs and activities that support 
                educational programs that integrate multiple 
                disciplines, such as programs that combine arts 
                and mathematics; or
                    ``(J) other activities and programs to 
                support student access to, and success in, a 
                variety of well-rounded education experiences.
    ``(b) Special Rule.--A local educational agency, or 
consortium of such agencies, that receives a subgrant under 
this subpart for fiscal year 2017 may use such funds to cover 
part or all of the fees for accelerated learning examinations 
taken by low-income students during the 2016-2017 school year, 
in accordance with subsection (a)(3)(D).

``SEC. 4108. ACTIVITIES TO SUPPORT SAFE AND HEALTHY STUDENTS.

    ``Subject to section 4106(f), each local educational 
agency, or consortium of such agencies, that receives an 
allocation under section 4105(a) shall use a portion of such 
funds to develop, implement, and evaluate comprehensive 
programs and activities that--
            ``(1) are coordinated with other schools and 
        community-based services and programs;
            ``(2) foster safe, healthy, supportive, and drug-
        free environments that support student academic 
        achievement;
            ``(3) promote the involvement of parents in the 
        activity or program;
            ``(4) may be conducted in partnership with an 
        institution of higher education, business, nonprofit 
        organization, community-based organization, or other 
        public or private entity with a demonstrated record of 
        success in implementing activities described in this 
        section; and
            ``(5) may include, among other programs and 
        activities--
                    ``(A) drug and violence prevention 
                activities and programs that are evidence-based 
                (to the extent the State, in consultation with 
                local educational agencies in the State, 
                determines that such evidence is reasonably 
                available) including--
                            ``(i) programs to educate students 
                        against the use of alcohol, tobacco, 
                        marijuana, smokeless tobacco products, 
                        and electronic cigarettes; and
                            ``(ii) professional development and 
                        training for school and specialized 
                        instructional support personnel and 
                        interested community members in 
                        prevention, education, early 
                        identification, intervention mentoring, 
                        recovery support services and, where 
                        appropriate, rehabilitation referral, 
                        as related to drug and violence 
                        prevention;
                    ``(B) in accordance with sections 4001 and 
                4111--
                            ``(i) school-based mental health 
                        services, including early 
                        identification of mental health 
                        symptoms, drug use, and violence, and 
                        appropriate referrals to direct 
                        individual or group counseling 
                        services, which may be provided by 
                        school-based mental health services 
                        providers; and
                            ``(ii) school-based mental health 
                        services partnership programs that--
                                    ``(I) are conducted in 
                                partnership with a public or 
                                private mental health entity or 
                                health care entity; and
                                    ``(II) provide 
                                comprehensive school-based 
                                mental health services and 
                                supports and staff development 
                                for school and community 
                                personnel working in the school 
                                that are--
                                            ``(aa) based on 
                                        trauma-informed 
                                        practices that are 
                                        evidence-based (to the 
                                        extent the State, in 
                                        consultation with local 
                                        educational agencies in 
                                        the State, determines 
                                        that such evidence is 
                                        reasonably available);
                                            ``(bb) coordinated 
                                        (where appropriate) 
                                        with early intervening 
                                        services provided under 
                                        the Individuals with 
                                        Disabilities Education 
                                        Act (20 U.S.C. 1400 et 
                                        seq.); and
                                            ``(cc) provided by 
                                        qualified mental and 
                                        behavioral health 
                                        professionals who are 
                                        certified or licensed 
                                        by the State involved 
                                        and practicing within 
                                        their area of 
                                        expertise;
                    ``(C) programs or activities that--
                            ``(i) integrate health and safety 
                        practices into school or athletic 
                        programs;
                            ``(ii) support a healthy, active 
                        lifestyle, including nutritional 
                        education and regular, structured 
                        physical education activities and 
                        programs, that may address chronic 
                        disease management with instruction led 
                        by school nurses, nurse practitioners, 
                        or other appropriate specialists or 
                        professionals to help maintain the 
                        well-being of students;
                            ``(iii) help prevent bullying and 
                        harassment;
                            ``(iv) improve instructional 
                        practices for developing relationship-
                        building skills, such as effective 
                        communication, and improve safety 
                        through the recognition and prevention 
                        of coercion, violence, or abuse, 
                        including teen and dating violence, 
                        stalking, domestic abuse, and sexual 
                        violence and harassment;
                            ``(v) provide mentoring and school 
                        counseling to all students, including 
                        children who are at risk of academic 
                        failure, dropping out of school, 
                        involvement in criminal or delinquent 
                        activities, or drug use and abuse;
                            ``(vi) establish or improve school 
                        dropout and re-entry programs; or
                            ``(vii) establish learning 
                        environments and enhance students' 
                        effective learning skills that are 
                        essential for school readiness and 
                        academic success, such as by providing 
                        integrated systems of student and 
                        family supports;
                    ``(D) high-quality training for school 
                personnel, including specialized instructional 
                support personnel, related to--
                            ``(i) suicide prevention;
                            ``(ii) effective and trauma-
                        informed practices in classroom 
                        management;
                            ``(iii) crisis management and 
                        conflict resolution techniques;
                            ``(iv) human trafficking (defined, 
                        for purposes of this subparagraph, as 
                        an act or practice described in 
                        paragraph (9) or (10) of section 103 of 
                        the Trafficking Victims Protection Act 
                        of 2000 (22 U.S.C. 7102));
                            ``(v) school-based violence 
                        prevention strategies;
                            ``(vi) drug abuse prevention, 
                        including educating children facing 
                        substance abuse at home; and
                            ``(vii) bullying and harassment 
                        prevention;
                    ``(E) in accordance with sections 4001 and 
                4111, child sexual abuse awareness and 
                prevention programs or activities, such as 
                programs or activities designed to provide--
                            ``(i) age-appropriate and 
                        developmentally-appropriate instruction 
                        for students in child sexual abuse 
                        awareness and prevention, including how 
                        to recognize child sexual abuse and how 
                        to safely report child sexual abuse; 
                        and
                            ``(ii) information to parents and 
                        guardians of students about child 
                        sexual abuse awareness and prevention, 
                        including how to recognize child sexual 
                        abuse and how to discuss child sexual 
                        abuse with a child;
                    ``(F) designing and implementing a locally-
                tailored plan to reduce exclusionary discipline 
                practices in elementary and secondary schools 
                that--
                            ``(i) is consistent with best 
                        practices;
                            ``(ii) includes strategies that are 
                        evidence-based (to the extent the 
                        State, in consultation with local 
                        educational agencies in the State, 
                        determines that such evidence is 
                        reasonably available); and
                            ``(iii) is aligned with the long-
                        term goal of prison reduction through 
                        opportunities, mentoring, intervention, 
                        support, and other education services, 
                        referred to as a `youth PROMISE plan'; 
                        or
                    ``(G) implementation of schoolwide positive 
                behavioral interventions and supports, 
                including through coordination with similar 
                activities carried out under the Individuals 
                with Disabilities Education Act (20 U.S.C. 1400 
                et seq.), in order to improve academic outcomes 
                and school conditions for student learning;
                    ``(H) designating a site resource 
                coordinator at a school or local educational 
                agency to provide a variety of services, such 
                as--
                            ``(i) establishing partnerships 
                        within the community to provide 
                        resources and support for schools;
                            ``(ii) ensuring that all service 
                        and community partners are aligned with 
                        the academic expectations of a 
                        community school in order to improve 
                        student success; and
                            ``(iii) strengthening relationships 
                        between schools and communities; or
                    ``(I) pay for success initiatives aligned 
                with the purposes of this section.

``SEC. 4109. ACTIVITIES TO SUPPORT THE EFFECTIVE USE OF TECHNOLOGY.

    ``(a) Uses of Funds.--Subject to section 4106(f), each 
local educational agency, or consortium of such agencies, that 
receives an allocation under section 4015(a) shall use a 
portion of such funds to improve the use of technology to 
improve the academic achievement, academic growth, and digital 
literacy of all students, including by meeting the needs of 
such agency or consortium that are identified in the needs 
assessment conducted under section 4106(d) (if applicable), 
which may include--
            ``(1) providing educators, school leaders, and 
        administrators with the professional learning tools, 
        devices, content, and resources to--
                    ``(A) personalize learning to improve 
                student academic achievement;
                    ``(B) discover, adapt, and share relevant 
                high-quality educational resources;
                    ``(C) use technology effectively in the 
                classroom, including by administering computer-
                based assessments and blended learning 
                strategies; and
                    ``(D) implement and support school- and 
                district-wide approaches for using technology 
                to inform instruction, support teacher 
                collaboration, and personalize learning;
            ``(2) building technological capacity and 
        infrastructure, which may include--
                    ``(A) procuring content and ensuring 
                content quality; and
                    ``(B) purchasing devices, equipment, and 
                software applications in order to address 
                readiness shortfalls;
            ``(3) developing or using effective or innovative 
        strategies for the delivery of specialized or rigorous 
        academic courses and curricula through the use of 
        technology, including digital learning technologies and 
        assistive technology;
            ``(4) carrying out blended learning projects, which 
        shall include--
                    ``(A) planning activities, which may 
                include development of new instructional models 
                (including blended learning technology software 
                and platforms), the purchase of digital 
                instructional resources, initial professional 
                development activities, and one-time 
                information technology purchases, except that 
                such expenditures may not include expenditures 
                related to significant construction or 
                renovation of facilities; or
                    ``(B) ongoing professional development for 
                teachers, principals, other school leaders, or 
                other personnel involved in the project that is 
                designed to support the implementation and 
                academic success of the project;
            ``(5) providing professional development in the use 
        of technology (which may be provided through 
        partnerships with outside organizations) to enable 
        teachers and instructional leaders to increase student 
        achievement in the areas of science, technology, 
        engineering, and mathematics, including computer 
        science; and
            ``(6) providing students in rural, remote, and 
        underserved areas with the resources to take advantage 
        of high-quality digital learning experiences, digital 
        resources, and access to online courses taught by 
        effective educators.
    ``(b) Special Rule.--A local educational agency, or 
consortium of such agencies, shall not use more than 15 percent 
of funds for purchasing technology infrastructure as described 
in subsection (a)(2)(B), which shall include technology 
infrastructure purchased for the activities under subsection 
(a)(4)(A).

``SEC. 4110. SUPPLEMENT, NOT SUPPLANT.

    ``Funds made available under this subpart shall be used to 
supplement, and not supplant, non-Federal funds that would 
otherwise be used for activities authorized under this subpart.

``SEC. 4111. RULE OF CONSTRUCTION.

    ``Nothing in this subpart may be construed to--
            ``(1) authorize activities or programming that 
        encourages teenage sexual activity; or
            ``(2) prohibit effective activities or programming 
        that meet the requirements of section 8526.

``SEC. 4112. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

    ``(a) In General.--There are authorized to be appropriated 
to carry out this subpart $1,650,000,000 for fiscal year 2017 
and $1,600,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2018 through 2020.
    ``(b) Forward Funding.--Section 420 of the General 
Education Provisions Act (20 U.S.C. 1223) shall apply to this 
subpart.''.

            PART B--21ST CENTURY COMMUNITY LEARNING CENTERS

SEC. 4201. 21ST CENTURY COMMUNITY LEARNING CENTERS.

    (a) Program Authorized.--Part B of title IV (20 U.S.C. 7171 
et seq.) is amended to read as follows:

           ``PART B--21ST CENTURY COMMUNITY LEARNING CENTERS

``SEC. 4201. PURPOSE; DEFINITIONS.

    ``(a) Purpose.--The purpose of this part is to provide 
opportunities for communities to establish or expand activities 
in community learning centers that--
            ``(1) provide opportunities for academic 
        enrichment, including providing tutorial services to 
        help students, particularly students who attend low-
        performing schools, to meet the challenging State 
        academic standards;
            ``(2) offer students a broad array of additional 
        services, programs, and activities, such as youth 
        development activities, service learning, nutrition and 
        health education, drug and violence prevention 
        programs, counseling programs, arts, music, physical 
        fitness and wellness programs, technology education 
        programs, financial literacy programs, environmental 
        literacy programs, mathematics, science, career and 
        technical programs, internship or apprenticeship 
        programs, and other ties to an in-demand industry 
        sector or occupation for high school students that are 
        designed to reinforce and complement the regular 
        academic program of participating students; and
            ``(3) offer families of students served by 
        community learning centers opportunities for active and 
        meaningful engagement in their children's education, 
        including opportunities for literacy and related 
        educational development.
    ``(b) Definitions.--In this part:
            ``(1) Community learning center.--The term 
        `community learning center' means an entity that--
                    ``(A) assists students to meet the 
                challenging State academic standards by 
                providing the students with academic enrichment 
                activities and a broad array of other 
                activities (such as programs and activities 
                described in subsection (a)(2)) during 
                nonschool hours or periods when school is not 
                in session (such as before and after school or 
                during summer recess) that--
                            ``(i) reinforce and complement the 
                        regular academic programs of the 
                        schools attended by the students 
                        served; and
                            ``(ii) are targeted to the 
                        students' academic needs and aligned 
                        with the instruction students receive 
                        during the school day; and
                    ``(B) offers families of students served by 
                such center opportunities for active and 
                meaningful engagement in their children's 
                education, including opportunities for literacy 
                and related educational development.
            ``(2) Covered program.--The term `covered program' 
        means a program for which--
                    ``(A) the Secretary made a grant under this 
                part (as this part was in effect on the day 
                before the effective date of this part under 
                the Every Student Succeeds Act); and
                    ``(B) the grant period had not ended on 
                that effective date.
            ``(3) Eligible entity.--The term `eligible entity' 
        means a local educational agency, community-based 
        organization, Indian tribe or tribal organization (as 
        such terms are defined in section 4 of the Indian Self-
        Determination and Education Act (25 U.S.C. 450b)), 
        another public or private entity, or a consortium of 2 
        or more such agencies, organizations, or entities.
            ``(4) External organization.--The term `external 
        organization' means--
                    ``(A) a nonprofit organization with a 
                record of success in running or working with 
                before and after school (or summer recess) 
                programs and activities; or
                    ``(B) in the case of a community where 
                there is no such organization, a nonprofit 
                organization in the community that enters into 
                a written agreement or partnership with an 
                organization described in subparagraph (A) to 
                receive mentoring and guidance in running or 
                working with before and after school (or summer 
                recess) programs and activities.
            ``(5) Rigorous peer-review process.--The term 
        `rigorous peer-review process' means a process by 
        which--
                    ``(A) employees of a State educational 
                agency who are familiar with the programs and 
                activities assisted under this part review all 
                applications that the State receives for awards 
                under this part for completeness and applicant 
                eligibility;
                    ``(B) the State educational agency selects 
                peer reviewers for such applications, who 
                shall--
                            ``(i) be selected for their 
                        expertise in providing effective 
                        academic, enrichment, youth 
                        development, and related services to 
                        children; and
                            ``(ii) not include any applicant, 
                        or representative of an applicant, that 
                        has submitted an application under this 
                        part for the current application 
                        period; and
                    ``(C) the peer reviewers described in 
                subparagraph (B) review and rate the 
                applications to determine the extent to which 
                the applications meet the requirements under 
                sections 4204(b) and 4205.
            ``(6) State.--The term `State' means each of the 50 
        States, the District of Columbia, and the Commonwealth 
        of Puerto Rico.

``SEC. 4202. ALLOTMENTS TO STATES.

    ``(a) Reservation.--From the funds appropriated under 
section 4206 for any fiscal year, the Secretary shall reserve--
            ``(1) such amounts as may be necessary to make 
        continuation awards to subgrant recipients under 
        covered programs (under the terms of those grants);
            ``(2) not more than 1 percent for national 
        activities, which the Secretary may carry out directly 
        or through grants and contracts, such as providing 
        technical assistance to eligible entities carrying out 
        programs under this part or conducting a national 
        evaluation; and
            ``(3) not more than 1 percent for payments to the 
        outlying areas and the Bureau of Indian Education, to 
        be allotted in accordance with their respective needs 
        for assistance under this part, as determined by the 
        Secretary, to enable the outlying areas and the Bureau 
        to carry out the purpose of this part.
    ``(b) State Allotments.--
            ``(1) Determination.--From the funds appropriated 
        under section 4206 for any fiscal year and remaining 
        after the Secretary makes reservations under subsection 
        (a), the Secretary shall allot to each State for the 
        fiscal year an amount that bears the same relationship 
        to the remainder as the amount the State received under 
        subpart 2 of part A of title I for the preceding fiscal 
        year bears to the amount all States received under that 
        subpart for the preceding fiscal year, except that no 
        State shall receive less than an amount equal to one-
        half of 1 percent of the total amount made available to 
        all States under this subsection.
            ``(2) Reallotment of unused funds.--If a State does 
        not receive an allotment under this part for a fiscal 
        year, the Secretary shall reallot the amount of the 
        State's allotment to the remaining States in accordance 
        with this part.
    ``(c) State Use of Funds.--
            ``(1) In general.--Each State that receives an 
        allotment under this part shall reserve not less than 
        93 percent of the amount allotted to such State under 
        subsection (b), for each fiscal year for awards to 
        eligible entities under section 4204.
            ``(2) State administration.--A State educational 
        agency may use not more than 2 percent of the amount 
        made available to the State under subsection (b) for--
                    ``(A) the administrative costs of carrying 
                out its responsibilities under this part;
                    ``(B) establishing and implementing a 
                rigorous peer-review process for subgrant 
                applications described in section 4204(b) 
                (including consultation with the Governor and 
                other State agencies responsible for 
                administering youth development programs and 
                adult learning activities); and
                    ``(C) awarding of funds to eligible 
                entities (in consultation with the Governor and 
                other State agencies responsible for 
                administering youth development programs and 
                adult learning activities).
            ``(3) State activities.--A State educational agency 
        may use not more than 5 percent of the amount made 
        available to the State under subsection (b) for the 
        following activities:
                    ``(A) Monitoring and evaluating programs 
                and activities assisted under this part.
                    ``(B) Providing capacity building, 
                training, and technical assistance under this 
                part.
                    ``(C) Conducting a comprehensive evaluation 
                (directly, or through a grant or contract) of 
                the effectiveness of programs and activities 
                assisted under this part.
                    ``(D) Providing training and technical 
                assistance to eligible entities that are 
                applicants for or recipients of awards under 
                this part.
                    ``(E) Ensuring that any eligible entity 
                that receives an award under this part from the 
                State aligns the activities provided by the 
                program with the challenging State academic 
                standards.
                    ``(F) Ensuring that any such eligible 
                entity identifies and partners with external 
                organizations, if available, in the community.
                    ``(G) Working with teachers, principals, 
                parents, the local workforce, the local 
                community, and other stakeholders to review and 
                improve State policies and practices to support 
                the implementation of effective programs under 
                this part.
                    ``(H) Coordinating funds received under 
                this part with other Federal and State funds to 
                implement high-quality programs.
                    ``(I) Providing a list of prescreened 
                external organizations, as described under 
                section 4203(a)(11).

``SEC. 4203. STATE APPLICATION.

    ``(a) In General.--In order to receive an allotment under 
section 4202 for any fiscal year, a State shall submit to the 
Secretary, at such time as the Secretary may require, an 
application that--
            ``(1) designates the State educational agency as 
        the agency responsible for the administration and 
        supervision of programs assisted under this part;
            ``(2) describes how the State educational agency 
        will use funds received under this part, including 
        funds reserved for State-level activities;
            ``(3) contains an assurance that the State 
        educational agency--
                    ``(A) will make awards under this part to 
                eligible entities that serve--
                            ``(i) students who primarily 
                        attend--
                                    ``(I) schools implementing 
                                comprehensive support and 
                                improvement activities or 
                                targeted support and 
                                improvement activities under 
                                section 1111(d); and
                                    ``(II) other schools 
                                determined by the local 
                                educational agency to be in 
                                need of intervention and 
                                support; and
                            ``(ii) the families of such 
                        students; and
                    ``(B) will further give priority to 
                eligible entities that propose in the 
                application to serve students described in 
                subclauses (I) and (II) of section 
                4204(i)(1)(A)(i);
            ``(4) describes the procedures and criteria the 
        State educational agency will use for reviewing 
        applications and awarding funds to eligible entities on 
        a competitive basis, which shall include procedures and 
        criteria that take into consideration the likelihood 
        that a proposed community learning center will help 
        participating students meet the challenging State 
        academic standards and any local academic standards;
            ``(5) describes how the State educational agency 
        will ensure that awards made under this part are--
                    ``(A) of sufficient size and scope to 
                support high-quality, effective programs that 
                are consistent with the purpose of this part; 
                and
                    ``(B) in amounts that are consistent with 
                section 4204(h);
            ``(6) describes the steps the State educational 
        agency will take to ensure that programs implement 
        effective strategies, including providing ongoing 
        technical assistance and training, evaluation, 
        dissemination of promising practices, and coordination 
        of professional development for staff in specific 
        content areas and youth development;
            ``(7) describes how programs under this part will 
        be coordinated with programs under this Act, and other 
        programs as appropriate;
            ``(8) contains an assurance that the State 
        educational agency--
                    ``(A) will make awards for programs for a 
                period of not less than 3 years and not more 
                than 5 years; and
                    ``(B) will require each eligible entity 
                seeking such an award to submit a plan 
                describing how the activities to be funded 
                through the award will continue after funding 
                under this part ends;
            ``(9) contains an assurance that funds appropriated 
        to carry out this part will be used to supplement, and 
        not supplant, other Federal, State, and local public 
        funds expended to provide programs and activities 
        authorized under this part and other similar programs;
            ``(10) contains an assurance that the State 
        educational agency will require eligible entities to 
        describe in their applications under section 4204(b) 
        how the transportation needs of participating students 
        will be addressed;
            ``(11) describes how the State will--
                    ``(A) prescreen external organizations that 
                could provide assistance in carrying out the 
                activities under this part; and
                    ``(B) develop and make available to 
                eligible entities a list of external 
                organizations that successfully completed the 
                prescreening process;
            ``(12) provides--
                    ``(A) an assurance that the application was 
                developed in consultation and coordination with 
                appropriate State officials, including the 
                chief State school officer, and other State 
                agencies administering before and after school 
                (or summer recess) programs and activities, the 
                heads of the State health and mental health 
                agencies or their designees, statewide after-
                school networks (where applicable) and 
                representatives of teachers, local educational 
                agencies, and community-based organizations; 
                and
                    ``(B) a description of any other 
                representatives of teachers, parents, students, 
                or the business community that the State has 
                selected to assist in the development of the 
                application, if applicable;
            ``(13) describes the results of the State's needs 
        and resources assessment for before and after school 
        (or summer recess) programs and activities, which shall 
        be based on the results of on-going State evaluation 
        activities;
            ``(14) describes how the State educational agency 
        will evaluate the effectiveness of programs and 
        activities carried out under this part, which shall 
        include, at a minimum--
                    ``(A) a description of the performance 
                indicators and performance measures that will 
                be used to evaluate programs and activities 
                with emphasis on alignment with the regular 
                academic program of the school and the academic 
                needs of participating students, including 
                performance indicators and measures that--
                            ``(i) are able to track student 
                        success and improvement over time;
                            ``(ii) include State assessment 
                        results and other indicators of student 
                        success and improvement, such as 
                        improved attendance during the school 
                        day, better classroom grades, regular 
                        (or consistent) program attendance, and 
                        on-time advancement to the next grade 
                        level; and
                            ``(iii) for high school students, 
                        may include indicators such as career 
                        competencies, successful completion of 
                        internships or apprenticeships, or 
                        work-based learning opportunities;
                    ``(B) a description of how data collected 
                for the purposes of subparagraph (A) will be 
                collected; and
                    ``(C) public dissemination of the 
                evaluations of programs and activities carried 
                out under this part; and
            ``(15) provides for timely public notice of intent 
        to file an application and an assurance that the 
        application will be available for public review after 
        submission.
    ``(b) Deemed Approval.--An application submitted by a State 
educational agency pursuant to subsection (a) shall be deemed 
to be approved by the Secretary unless the Secretary makes a 
written determination, prior to the expiration of the 120-day 
period beginning on the date on which the Secretary received 
the application, that the application is not in compliance with 
this part.
    ``(c) Disapproval.--The Secretary shall not finally 
disapprove the application, except after giving the State 
educational agency notice and an opportunity for a hearing.
    ``(d) Notification.--If the Secretary finds that the 
application is not in compliance, in whole or in part, with 
this part, the Secretary shall--
            ``(1) give the State educational agency notice and 
        an opportunity for a hearing; and
            ``(2) notify the State educational agency of the 
        finding of noncompliance and, in such notification--
                    ``(A) cite the specific provisions in the 
                application that are not in compliance; and
                    ``(B) request additional information, only 
                as to the noncompliant provisions, needed to 
                make the application compliant.
    ``(e) Response.--If the State educational agency responds 
to the Secretary's notification described in subsection (d)(2) 
during the 45-day period beginning on the date on which the 
agency received the notification, and resubmits the application 
with the requested information described in subsection 
(d)(2)(B), the Secretary shall approve or disapprove such 
application prior to the later of--
            ``(1) the expiration of the 45-day period beginning 
        on the date on which the application is resubmitted; or
            ``(2) the expiration of the 120-day period 
        described in subsection (b).
    ``(f) Failure to Respond.--If the State educational agency 
does not respond to the Secretary's notification described in 
subsection (d)(2) during the 45-day period beginning on the 
date on which the agency received the notification, such 
application shall be deemed to be disapproved.
    ``(g) Limitation.--The Secretary may not give a priority or 
a preference for States or eligible entities that seek to use 
funds made available under this part to extend the regular 
school day.

``SEC. 4204. LOCAL COMPETITIVE SUBGRANT PROGRAM.

    ``(a) In General.--
            ``(1) Community learning centers.--A State that 
        receives funds under this part for a fiscal year shall 
        provide the amount made available under section 
        4202(c)(1) to award subgrants to eligible entities for 
        community learning centers in accordance with this 
        part.
            ``(2) Expanded learning program activities.--A 
        State that receives funds under this part for a fiscal 
        year may use funds under section 4202(c)(1) to support 
        those enrichment and engaging academic activities 
        described in section 4205(a) that--
                    ``(A) are included as part of an expanded 
                learning program that provides students at 
                least 300 additional program hours before, 
                during, or after the traditional school day;
                    ``(B) supplement but do not supplant 
                regular school day requirements; and
                    ``(C) are carried out by entities that meet 
                the requirements of subsection (i).
    ``(b) Application.--
            ``(1) In general.--To be eligible to receive a 
        subgrant under this part, an eligible entity shall 
        submit an application to the State educational agency 
        at such time, in such manner, and including such 
        information as the State educational agency may 
        reasonably require.
            ``(2) Contents.--Each application submitted under 
        paragraph (1) shall include--
                    ``(A) a description of the activities to be 
                funded, including--
                            ``(i) an assurance that the program 
                        will take place in a safe and easily 
                        accessible facility;
                            ``(ii) a description of how 
                        students participating in the program 
                        carried out by the community learning 
                        center will travel safely to and from 
                        the center and home, if applicable; and
                            ``(iii) a description of how the 
                        eligible entity will disseminate 
                        information about the community 
                        learning center (including its 
                        location) to the community in a manner 
                        that is understandable and accessible;
                    ``(B) a description of how such activities 
                are expected to improve student academic 
                achievement as well as overall student success;
                    ``(C) a demonstration of how the proposed 
                program will coordinate Federal, State, and 
                local programs and make the most effective use 
                of public resources;
                    ``(D) an assurance that the proposed 
                program was developed and will be carried out--
                            ``(i) in active collaboration with 
                        the schools that participating students 
                        attend (including through the sharing 
                        of relevant data among the schools), 
                        all participants of the eligible 
                        entity, and any partnership entities 
                        described in subparagraph (H), in 
                        compliance with applicable laws 
                        relating to privacy and 
                        confidentiality; and
                            ``(ii) in alignment with the 
                        challenging State academic standards 
                        and any local academic standards;
                    ``(E) a description of how the activities 
                will meet the measures of effectiveness 
                described in section 4205(b);
                    ``(F) an assurance that the program will 
                target students who primarily attend schools 
                eligible for schoolwide programs under section 
                1114 and the families of such students;
                    ``(G) an assurance that subgrant funds 
                under this part will be used to increase the 
                level of State, local, and other non-Federal 
                funds that would, in the absence of funds under 
                this part, be made available for programs and 
                activities authorized under this part, and in 
                no case supplant Federal, State, local, or non-
                Federal funds;
                    ``(H) a description of the partnership 
                between a local educational agency, a 
                community-based organization, and another 
                public entity or private entity, if 
                appropriate;
                    ``(I) an evaluation of the community needs 
                and available resources for the community 
                learning center, and a description of how the 
                program proposed to be carried out in the 
                center will address those needs (including the 
                needs of working families);
                    ``(J) a demonstration that the eligible 
                entity will use best practices, including 
                research or evidence-based practices, to 
                provide educational and related activities that 
                will complement and enhance academic 
                performance, achievement, postsecondary and 
                workforce preparation, and positive youth 
                development of the students;
                    ``(K) a description of a preliminary plan 
                for how the community learning center will 
                continue after funding under this part ends;
                    ``(L) an assurance that the community will 
                be given notice of an intent to submit an 
                application and that the application and any 
                waiver request will be available for public 
                review after submission of the application;
                    ``(M) if the eligible entity plans to use 
                volunteers in activities carried out through 
                the community learning center, a description of 
                how the eligible entity will encourage and use 
                appropriately qualified persons to serve as the 
                volunteers; and
                    ``(N) such other information and assurances 
                as the State educational agency may reasonably 
                require.
    ``(c) Approval of Certain Applications.--The State 
educational agency may approve an application under this part 
for a program to be located in a facility other than an 
elementary school or secondary school only if the program will 
be at least as available and accessible to the students to be 
served as if the program were located in an elementary school 
or secondary school.
    ``(d) Permissive Local Match.--
            ``(1) In general.--A State educational agency may 
        require an eligible entity to match subgrant funds 
        awarded under this part, except that such match may not 
        exceed the amount of the subgrant and may not be 
        derived from other Federal or State funds.
            ``(2) Sliding scale.--The amount of a match under 
        paragraph (1) shall be established based on a sliding 
        scale that takes into account--
                    ``(A) the relative poverty of the 
                population to be targeted by the eligible 
                entity; and
                    ``(B) the ability of the eligible entity to 
                obtain such matching funds.
            ``(3) In-kind contributions.--Each State 
        educational agency that requires an eligible entity to 
        match funds under this subsection shall permit the 
        eligible entity to provide all or any portion of such 
        match in the form of in-kind contributions.
            ``(4) Consideration.--Notwithstanding this 
        subsection, a State educational agency shall not 
        consider an eligible entity's ability to match funds 
        when determining which eligible entities will receive 
        subgrants under this part.
    ``(e) Peer Review.--In reviewing local applications under 
this part, a State educational agency shall use a rigorous 
peer-review process or other methods to ensure the quality of 
funded projects.
    ``(f) Geographic Diversity.--To the extent practicable, a 
State educational agency shall distribute subgrant funds under 
this part equitably among geographic areas within the State, 
including urban and rural communities.
    ``(g) Duration of Awards.--A subgrant awarded under this 
part shall be awarded for a period of not less than 3 years and 
not more than 5 years.
    ``(h) Amount of Awards.--A subgrant awarded under this part 
may not be made in an amount that is less than $50,000.
    ``(i) Priority.--
            ``(1) In general.--In awarding subgrants under this 
        part, a State educational agency shall give priority to 
        applications--
                    ``(A) proposing to target services to--
                            ``(i) students who primarily attend 
                        schools that--
                                    ``(I) are implementing 
                                comprehensive support and 
                                improvement activities or 
                                targeted support and 
                                improvement activities under 
                                section 1111(d) or other 
                                schools determined by the local 
                                educational agency to be in 
                                need of intervention and 
                                support to improve student 
                                academic achievement and other 
                                outcomes; and
                                    ``(II) enroll students who 
                                may be at risk for academic 
                                failure, dropping out of 
                                school, involvement in criminal 
                                or delinquent activities, or 
                                who lack strong positive role 
                                models; and
                            ``(ii) the families of students 
                        described in clause (i);
                    ``(B) submitted jointly by eligible 
                entities consisting of not less than 1--
                            ``(i) local educational agency 
                        receiving funds under part A of title 
                        I; and
                            ``(ii) another eligible entity; and
                    ``(C) demonstrating that the activities 
                proposed in the application--
                            ``(i) are, as of the date of the 
                        submission of the application, not 
                        accessible to students who would be 
                        served; or
                            ``(ii) would expand accessibility 
                        to high-quality services that may be 
                        available in the community.
            ``(2) Special rule.--The State educational agency 
        shall provide the same priority under paragraph (1) to 
        an application submitted by a local educational agency 
        if the local educational agency demonstrates that it is 
        unable to partner with a community-based organization 
        in reasonable geographic proximity and of sufficient 
        quality to meet the requirements of this part.
            ``(3) Limitation.--A State educational agency may 
        not give a priority or a preference to eligible 
        entities that seek to use funds made available under 
        this part to extend the regular school day.
    ``(j) Renewability of Awards.--A State educational agency 
may renew a subgrant provided under this part to an eligible 
entity, based on the eligible entity's performance during the 
preceding subgrant period.

``SEC. 4205. LOCAL ACTIVITIES.

    ``(a) Authorized Activities.--Each eligible entity that 
receives an award under section 4204 may use the award funds to 
carry out a broad array of activities that advance student 
academic achievement and support student success, including--
            ``(1) academic enrichment learning programs, 
        mentoring programs, remedial education activities, and 
        tutoring services, that are aligned with--
                    ``(A) the challenging State academic 
                standards and any local academic standards; and
                    ``(B) local curricula that are designed to 
                improve student academic achievement;
            ``(2) well-rounded education activities, including 
        such activities that enable students to be eligible for 
        credit recovery or attainment;
            ``(3) literacy education programs, including 
        financial literacy programs and environmental literacy 
        programs;
            ``(4) programs that support a healthy and active 
        lifestyle, including nutritional education and regular, 
        structured physical activity programs;
            ``(5) services for individuals with disabilities;
            ``(6) programs that provide after-school activities 
        for students who are English learners that emphasize 
        language skills and academic achievement;
            ``(7) cultural programs;
            ``(8) telecommunications and technology education 
        programs;
            ``(9) expanded library service hours;
            ``(10) parenting skills programs that promote 
        parental involvement and family literacy;
            ``(11) programs that provide assistance to students 
        who have been truant, suspended, or expelled to allow 
        the students to improve their academic achievement;
            ``(12) drug and violence prevention programs and 
        counseling programs;
            ``(13) programs that build skills in science, 
        technology, engineering, and mathematics (referred to 
        in this paragraph as `STEM'), including computer 
        science, and that foster innovation in learning by 
        supporting nontraditional STEM education teaching 
        methods; and
            ``(14) programs that partner with in-demand fields 
        of the local workforce or build career competencies and 
        career readiness and ensure that local workforce and 
        career readiness skills are aligned with the Carl D. 
        Perkins Career and Technical Education Act of 2006 (20 
        U.S.C. 2301 et seq.) and the Workforce Innovation and 
        Opportunity Act (29 U.S.C. 3101 et seq.).
    ``(b) Measures of Effectiveness.--
            ``(1) In general.--For a program or activity 
        developed pursuant to this part to meet the measures of 
        effectiveness, monitored by the State educational 
        agency as described in section 4203(a)(14), such 
        program or activity shall--
                    ``(A) be based upon an assessment of 
                objective data regarding the need for before 
                and after school (or summer recess) programs 
                and activities in the schools and communities;
                    ``(B) be based upon an established set of 
                performance measures aimed at ensuring the 
                availability of high-quality academic 
                enrichment opportunities;
                    ``(C) if appropriate, be based upon 
                evidence-based research that the program or 
                activity will help students meet the 
                challenging State academic standards and any 
                local academic standards;
                    ``(D) ensure that measures of student 
                success align with the regular academic program 
                of the school and the academic needs of 
                participating students and include performance 
                indicators and measures described in section 
                4203(a)(14)(A); and
                    ``(E) collect the data necessary for the 
                measures of student success described in 
                subparagraph (D).
            ``(2) Periodic evaluation.--
                    ``(A) In general.--The program or activity 
                shall undergo a periodic evaluation in 
                conjunction with the State educational agency's 
                overall evaluation plan as described in section 
                4203(a)(14), to assess the program's progress 
                toward achieving the goal of providing high-
                quality opportunities for academic enrichment 
                and overall student success.
                    ``(B) Use of results.--The results of 
                evaluations under subparagraph (A) shall be--
                            ``(i) used to refine, improve, and 
                        strengthen the program or activity, and 
                        to refine the performance measures;
                            ``(ii) made available to the public 
                        upon request, with public notice of 
                        such availability provided; and
                            ``(iii) used by the State to 
                        determine whether a subgrant is 
                        eligible to be renewed under section 
                        4204(j).

``SEC. 4206. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

    ``There are authorized to be appropriated to carry out this 
part $1,000,000,000 for fiscal year 2017 and $1,100,000,000 for 
each of fiscal years 2018 through 2020.''.

     PART C--EXPANDING OPPORTUNITY THROUGH QUALITY CHARTER SCHOOLS

SEC. 4301. CHARTER SCHOOLS.

    Part C of title IV (20 U.S.C. 7221 et seq.), as 
redesignated by section 4001, is amended--
            (1) by striking sections 4301 through 4305, as 
        redesignated by section 4001, and inserting the 
        following:

``SEC. 4301. PURPOSE.

    ``It is the purpose of this part to--
            ``(1) improve the United States education system 
        and education opportunities for all people in the 
        United States by supporting innovation in public 
        education in public school settings that prepare 
        students to compete and contribute to the global 
        economy and a stronger Nation;
            ``(2) provide financial assistance for the 
        planning, program design, and initial implementation of 
        charter schools;
            ``(3) increase the number of high-quality charter 
        schools available to students across the United States;
            ``(4) evaluate the impact of charter schools on 
        student achievement, families, and communities, and 
        share best practices between charter schools and other 
        public schools;
            ``(5) encourage States to provide support to 
        charter schools for facilities financing in an amount 
        more nearly commensurate to the amount States typically 
        provide for traditional public schools;
            ``(6) expand opportunities for children with 
        disabilities, English learners, and other traditionally 
        underserved students to attend charter schools and meet 
        the challenging State academic standards;
            ``(7) support efforts to strengthen the charter 
        school authorizing process to improve performance 
        management, including transparency, oversight and 
        monitoring (including financial audits), and evaluation 
        of such schools; and
            ``(8) support quality, accountability, and 
        transparency in the operational performance of all 
        authorized public chartering agencies, including State 
        educational agencies, local educational agencies, and 
        other authorizing entities.

``SEC. 4302. PROGRAM AUTHORIZED.

    ``(a) In General.--The Secretary may carry out a charter 
school program that supports charter schools that serve early 
childhood, elementary school, or secondary school students by--
            ``(1) supporting the startup of new charter 
        schools, the replication of high-quality charter 
        schools, and the expansion of high-quality charter 
        schools;
            ``(2) assisting charter schools in accessing credit 
        to acquire and renovate facilities for school use; and
            ``(3) carrying out national activities to support--
                    ``(A) the activities described in paragraph 
                (1);
                    ``(B) the dissemination of best practices 
                of charter schools for all schools;
                    ``(C) the evaluation of the impact of the 
                charter school program under this part on 
                schools participating in such program; and
                    ``(D) stronger charter school authorizing 
                practices.
    ``(b) Funding Allotment.--From the amount made available 
under section 4311 for a fiscal year, the Secretary shall--
            ``(1) reserve 12.5 percent to support charter 
        school facilities assistance under section 4304;
            ``(2) reserve 22.5 percent to carry out national 
        activities under section 4305; and
            ``(3) use the remaining amount after the 
        reservations under paragraphs (1) and (2) to carry out 
        section 4303.
    ``(c) Prior Grants and Subgrants.--The recipient of a grant 
or subgrant under part B of title V (as such part was in effect 
on the day before the date of enactment of the Every Student 
Succeeds Act) shall continue to receive funds in accordance 
with the terms and conditions of such grant or subgrant.

``SEC. 4303. GRANTS TO SUPPORT HIGH-QUALITY CHARTER SCHOOLS.

    ``(a) State Entity Defined.--For purposes of this section, 
the term `State entity' means--
            ``(1) a State educational agency;
            ``(2) a State charter school board;
            ``(3) a Governor of a State; or
            ``(4) a charter school support organization.
    ``(b) Program Authorized.--From the amount available under 
section 4302(b)(3), the Secretary shall award, on a competitive 
basis, grants to State entities having applications approved 
under subsection (f) to enable such entities to--
            ``(1) award subgrants to eligible applicants to 
        enable eligible applicants to--
                    ``(A) open and prepare for the operation of 
                new charter schools;
                    ``(B) open and prepare for the operation of 
                replicated high-quality charter schools; or
                    ``(C) expand high-quality charter schools; 
                and
            ``(2) provide technical assistance to eligible 
        applicants and authorized public chartering agencies in 
        carrying out the activities described in paragraph (1), 
        and work with authorized public chartering agencies in 
        the State to improve authorizing quality, including 
        developing capacity for, and conducting, fiscal 
        oversight and auditing of charter schools.
    ``(c) State Entity Uses of Funds.--
            ``(1) In general.--A State entity receiving a grant 
        under this section shall--
                    ``(A) use not less than 90 percent of the 
                grant funds to award subgrants to eligible 
                applicants, in accordance with the quality 
                charter school program described in the State 
                entity's application pursuant to subsection 
                (f), for the purposes described in subsection 
                (b)(1);
                    ``(B) reserve not less than 7 percent of 
                such funds to carry out the activities 
                described in subsection (b)(2); and
                    ``(C) reserve not more than 3 percent of 
                such funds for administrative costs, which may 
                include technical assistance.
            ``(2) Contracts and grants.--A State entity may use 
        a grant received under this section to carry out the 
        activities described in subsection (b)(2) directly or 
        through grants, contracts, or cooperative agreements.
            ``(3) Rule of construction.--
                    ``(A) Use of lottery.--Nothing in this Act 
                shall prohibit the Secretary from awarding 
                grants to State entities, or prohibit State 
                entities from awarding subgrants to eligible 
                applicants, that use a weighted lottery to give 
                slightly better chances for admission to all, 
                or a subset of, educationally disadvantaged 
                students if--
                            ``(i) the use of weighted lotteries 
                        in favor of such students is not 
                        prohibited by State law, and such State 
                        law is consistent with laws described 
                        in section 4310(2)(G); and
                            ``(ii) such weighted lotteries are 
                        not used for the purpose of creating 
                        schools exclusively to serve a 
                        particular subset of students.
                    ``(B) Students with special needs.--Nothing 
                in this paragraph shall be construed to 
                prohibit schools from specializing in providing 
                specific services for students with a 
                demonstrated need for such services, such as 
                students who need specialized instruction in 
                reading, spelling, or writing.
    ``(d) Program Periods; Peer Review; Distribution of 
Subgrants; Waivers.--
            ``(1) Program periods.--
                    ``(A) Grants.--A grant awarded by the 
                Secretary to a State entity under this section 
                shall be for a period of not more than 5 years.
                    ``(B) Subgrants.--A subgrant awarded by a 
                State entity under this section shall be for a 
                period of not more than 5 years, of which an 
                eligible applicant may use not more than 18 
                months for planning and program design.
            ``(2) Peer review.--The Secretary, and each State 
        entity awarding subgrants under this section, shall use 
        a peer-review process to review applications for 
        assistance under this section.
            ``(3) Grant awards.--
                    ``(A) In general.--The Secretary--
                            ``(i) shall for each fiscal year 
                        for which funds are appropriated under 
                        section 4311--
                                    ``(I) award not less than 3 
                                grants under this section; and
                                    ``(II) fully obligate the 
                                first 2 years of funds 
                                appropriated for the purpose of 
                                awarding grants under this 
                                section in the first fiscal 
                                year for which such grants are 
                                awarded; and
                            ``(ii) prior to the start of the 
                        third year of the grant period and each 
                        succeeding year of each grant awarded 
                        under this section to a State entity--
                                    ``(I) shall review--
                                            ``(aa) whether the 
                                        State entity is using 
                                        the grant funds for the 
                                        agreed upon uses of 
                                        funds; and
                                            ``(bb) whether the 
                                        full amount of the 
                                        grant will be needed 
                                        for the remainder of 
                                        the grant period; and
                                    ``(II) may, as determined 
                                necessary based on that review, 
                                terminate or reduce the amount 
                                of the grant and reallocate the 
                                remaining grant funds to other 
                                State entities--
                                            ``(aa) by using 
                                        such funds to award 
                                        grants under this 
                                        section to other State 
                                        entities; or
                                            ``(bb) in a fiscal 
                                        year in which the 
                                        amount of such 
                                        remaining funds is 
                                        insufficient to award 
                                        grants under item (aa), 
                                        in accordance with 
                                        subparagraph (B).
                    ``(B) Remaining funding.--For a fiscal year 
                for which there are remaining grant funds under 
                this paragraph, but the amount of such funds is 
                insufficient to award a grant to a State entity 
                under this section, the Secretary shall use 
                such remaining grants funds--
                            ``(i) to supplement funding for 
                        grants under section 4305(a)(2), but 
                        not to supplant--
                                    ``(I) the funds reserved 
                                under section 4305(a)(2); and
                                    ``(II) funds otherwise 
                                reserved under section 
                                4302(b)(2) to carry out 
                                national activities under 
                                section 4305;
                            ``(ii) to award grants to State 
                        entities to carry out the activities 
                        described in subsection (b)(1) for the 
                        next fiscal year; or
                            ``(iii) to award one year of a 
                        grant under subsection (b)(1) to a 
                        high-scoring State entity, in an amount 
                        at or above the minimum amount the 
                        State entity needs to be successful for 
                        such year.
            ``(4) Diversity of projects.--Each State entity 
        awarding subgrants under this section shall award 
        subgrants in a manner that, to the extent practicable 
        and applicable, ensures that such subgrants--
                    ``(A) are distributed throughout different 
                areas, including urban, suburban, and rural 
                areas; and
                    ``(B) will assist charter schools 
                representing a variety of educational 
                approaches.
            ``(5) Waivers.--The Secretary may waive any 
        statutory or regulatory requirement over which the 
        Secretary exercises administrative authority, except 
        any such requirement relating to the elements of a 
        charter school described in section 4310(2), if--
                    ``(A) the waiver is requested in an 
                approved application under this section; and
                    ``(B) the Secretary determines that 
                granting such waiver will promote the purpose 
                of this part.
    ``(e) Limitations.--
            ``(1) Grants.--No State entity may receive a grant 
        under this section for use in a State in which a State 
        entity is currently using a grant received under this 
        section.
            ``(2) Subgrants.--An eligible applicant may not 
        receive more than 1 subgrant under this section for 
        each individual charter school for a 5-year period, 
        unless the eligible applicant demonstrates to the State 
        entity that such individual charter school has at least 
        3 years of improved educational results for students 
        enrolled in such charter school with respect to the 
        elements described in subparagraphs (A) and (D) of 
        section 4310(8).
    ``(f) Applications.--A State entity desiring to receive a 
grant under this section shall submit an application to the 
Secretary at such time and in such manner as the Secretary may 
require. The application shall include the following:
            ``(1) Description of program.--A description of the 
        State entity's objectives in running a quality charter 
        school program under this section and how the 
        objectives of the program will be carried out, 
        including--
                    ``(A) a description of how the State entity 
                will--
                            ``(i) support the opening of 
                        charter schools through the startup of 
                        new charter schools and, if applicable, 
                        the replication of high-quality charter 
                        schools, and the expansion of high-
                        quality charter schools (including the 
                        proposed number of new charter schools 
                        to be opened, high-quality charter 
                        schools to be opened as a result of the 
                        replication of a high-quality charter 
                        school, or high-quality charter schools 
                        to be expanded under the State entity's 
                        program);
                            ``(ii) inform eligible charter 
                        schools, developers, and authorized 
                        public chartering agencies of the 
                        availability of funds under the 
                        program;
                            ``(iii) work with eligible 
                        applicants to ensure that the eligible 
                        applicants access all Federal funds 
                        that such applicants are eligible to 
                        receive, and help the charter schools 
                        supported by the applicants and the 
                        students attending those charter 
                        schools--
                                    ``(I) participate in the 
                                Federal programs in which the 
                                schools and students are 
                                eligible to participate;
                                    ``(II) receive the 
                                commensurate share of Federal 
                                funds the schools and students 
                                are eligible to receive under 
                                such programs; and
                                    ``(III) meet the needs of 
                                students served under such 
                                programs, including students 
                                with disabilities and English 
                                learners;
                            ``(iv) ensure that authorized 
                        public chartering agencies, in 
                        collaboration with surrounding local 
                        educational agencies where applicable, 
                        establish clear plans and procedures to 
                        assist students enrolled in a charter 
                        school that closes or loses its charter 
                        to attend other high-quality schools;
                            ``(v) in the case of a State entity 
                        that is not a State educational 
                        agency--
                                    ``(I) work with the State 
                                educational agency and charter 
                                schools in the State to 
                                maximize charter school 
                                participation in Federal and 
                                State programs for which 
                                charter schools are eligible; 
                                and
                                    ``(II) work with the State 
                                educational agency to operate 
                                the State entity's program 
                                under this section, if 
                                applicable;
                            ``(vi) ensure that each eligible 
                        applicant that receives a subgrant 
                        under the State entity's program--
                                    ``(I) is using funds 
                                provided under this section for 
                                one of the activities described 
                                in subsection (b)(1); and
                                    ``(II) is prepared to 
                                continue to operate charter 
                                schools funded under this 
                                section in a manner consistent 
                                with the eligible applicant's 
                                application for such subgrant 
                                once the subgrant funds under 
                                this section are no longer 
                                available;
                            ``(vii) support--
                                    ``(I) charter schools in 
                                local educational agencies with 
                                a significant number of schools 
                                identified by the State for 
                                comprehensive support and 
                                improvement under section 
                                1111(c)(4)(D)(i); and
                                    ``(II) the use of charter 
                                schools to improve struggling 
                                schools, or to turn around 
                                struggling schools;
                            ``(viii) work with charter schools 
                        on--
                                    ``(I) recruitment and 
                                enrollment practices to promote 
                                inclusion of all students, 
                                including by eliminating any 
                                barriers to enrollment for 
                                educationally disadvantaged 
                                students (who include foster 
                                youth and unaccompanied 
                                homeless youth); and
                                    ``(II) supporting all 
                                students once they are enrolled 
                                to promote retention, including 
                                by reducing the overuse of 
                                discipline practices that 
                                remove students from the 
                                classroom;
                            ``(ix) share best and promising 
                        practices between charter schools and 
                        other public schools;
                            ``(x) ensure that charter schools 
                        receiving funds under the State 
                        entity's program meet the educational 
                        needs of their students, including 
                        children with disabilities and English 
                        learners;
                            ``(xi) support efforts to increase 
                        charter school quality initiatives, 
                        including meeting the quality 
                        authorizing elements described in 
                        paragraph (2)(D);
                            ``(xii)(I) in the case of a State 
                        entity not described in subclause (II), 
                        a description of how the State entity 
                        will provide oversight of authorizing 
                        activity, including how the State will 
                        help ensure better authorizing, such as 
                        by establishing authorizing standards 
                        that may include approving, monitoring, 
                        and re-approving or revoking the 
                        authority of an authorized public 
                        chartering agency based on the 
                        performance of the charter schools 
                        authorized by such agency in the areas 
                        of student achievement, student safety, 
                        financial and operational management, 
                        and compliance with all applicable 
                        statutes and regulations; and
                            ``(II) in the case of a State 
                        entity described in subsection (a)(4), 
                        a description of how the State entity 
                        will work with the State to support the 
                        State's system of technical assistance 
                        and oversight, as described in 
                        subclause (I), of the authorizing 
                        activity of authorized public 
                        chartering agencies; and
                    ``(xiii) work with eligible applicants 
                receiving a subgrant under the State entity's 
                program to support the opening of new charter 
                schools or charter school models described in 
                clause (i) that are high schools;
                    ``(B) a description of the extent to which 
                the State entity--
                            ``(i) is able to meet and carry out 
                        the priorities described in subsection 
                        (g)(2);
                            ``(ii) is working to develop or 
                        strengthen a cohesive statewide system 
                        to support the opening of new charter 
                        schools and, if applicable, the 
                        replication of high-quality charter 
                        schools, and the expansion of high-
                        quality charter schools; and
                            ``(iii) is working to develop or 
                        strengthen a cohesive strategy to 
                        encourage collaboration between charter 
                        schools and local educational agencies 
                        on the sharing of best practices;
                    ``(C) a description of how the State entity 
                will award subgrants, on a competitive basis, 
                including--
                            ``(i) a description of the 
                        application each eligible applicant 
                        desiring to receive a subgrant will be 
                        required to submit, which application 
                        shall include--
                                    ``(I) a description of the 
                                roles and responsibilities of 
                                eligible applicants, partner 
                                organizations, and charter 
                                management organizations, 
                                including the administrative 
                                and contractual roles and 
                                responsibilities of such 
                                partners;
                                    ``(II) a description of the 
                                quality controls agreed to 
                                between the eligible applicant 
                                and the authorized public 
                                chartering agency involved, 
                                such as a contract or 
                                performance agreement, how a 
                                school's performance in the 
                                State's accountability system 
                                and impact on student 
                                achievement (which may include 
                                student academic growth) will 
                                be one of the most important 
                                factors for renewal or 
                                revocation of the school's 
                                charter, and how the State 
                                entity and the authorized 
                                public chartering agency 
                                involved will reserve the right 
                                to revoke or not renew a 
                                school's charter based on 
                                financial, structural, or 
                                operational factors involving 
                                the management of the school;
                                    ``(III) a description of 
                                how the autonomy and 
                                flexibility granted to a 
                                charter school is consistent 
                                with the definition of a 
                                charter school in section 4310;
                                    ``(IV) a description of how 
                                the eligible applicant will 
                                solicit and consider input from 
                                parents and other members of 
                                the community on the 
                                implementation and operation of 
                                each charter school that will 
                                receive funds under the State 
                                entity's program;
                                    ``(V) a description of the 
                                eligible applicant's planned 
                                activities and expenditures of 
                                subgrant funds to support the 
                                activities described in 
                                subsection (b)(1), and how the 
                                eligible applicant will 
                                maintain financial 
                                sustainability after the end of 
                                the subgrant period; and
                                    ``(VI) a description of how 
                                the eligible applicant will 
                                support the use of effective 
                                parent, family, and community 
                                engagement strategies to 
                                operate each charter school 
                                that will receive funds under 
                                the State entity's program; and
                            ``(ii) a description of how the 
                        State entity will review applications 
                        from eligible applicants;
                    ``(D) in the case of a State entity that 
                partners with an outside organization to carry 
                out the State entity's quality charter school 
                program, in whole or in part, a description of 
                the roles and responsibilities of the partner;
                    ``(E) a description of how the State entity 
                will ensure that each charter school receiving 
                funds under the State entity's program has 
                considered and planned for the transportation 
                needs of the school's students;
                    ``(F) a description of how the State in 
                which the State entity is located addresses 
                charter schools in the State's open meetings 
                and open records laws; and
                    ``(G) a description of how the State entity 
                will support diverse charter school models, 
                including models that serve rural communities.
            ``(2) Assurances.--Assurances that--
                    ``(A) each charter school receiving funds 
                through the State entity's program will have a 
                high degree of autonomy over budget and 
                operations, including autonomy over personnel 
                decisions;
                    ``(B) the State entity will support charter 
                schools in meeting the educational needs of 
                their students, as described in paragraph 
                (1)(A)(x);
                    ``(C) the State entity will ensure that the 
                authorized public chartering agency of any 
                charter school that receives funds under the 
                State entity's program adequately monitors each 
                charter school under the authority of such 
                agency in recruiting, enrolling, retaining, and 
                meeting the needs of all students, including 
                children with disabilities and English 
                learners;
                    ``(D) the State entity will provide 
                adequate technical assistance to eligible 
                applicants to meet the objectives described in 
                clause (viii) of paragraph (1)(A) and 
                subparagraph (B) of this paragraph;
                    ``(E) the State entity will promote quality 
                authorizing, consistent with State law, such as 
                through providing technical assistance to 
                support each authorized public chartering 
                agency in the State to improve such agency's 
                ability to monitor the charter schools 
                authorized by the agency, including by--
                            ``(i) assessing annual performance 
                        data of the schools, including, as 
                        appropriate, graduation rates, student 
                        academic growth, and rates of student 
                        attrition;
                            ``(ii) reviewing the schools' 
                        independent, annual audits of financial 
                        statements prepared in accordance with 
                        generally accepted accounting 
                        principles, and ensuring that any such 
                        audits are publically reported; and
                            ``(iii) holding charter schools 
                        accountable to the academic, financial, 
                        and operational quality controls agreed 
                        to between the charter school and the 
                        authorized public chartering agency 
                        involved, such as through renewal, non-
                        renewal, or revocation of the school's 
                        charter;
                    ``(F) the State entity will work to ensure 
                that charter schools are included with the 
                traditional public schools in decisionmaking 
                about the public school system in the State; 
                and
                    ``(G) the State entity will ensure that 
                each charter school receiving funds under the 
                State entity's program makes publicly 
                available, consistent with the dissemination 
                requirements of the annual State report card 
                under section 1111(h), including on the website 
                of the school, information to help parents make 
                informed decisions about the education options 
                available to their children, including--
                            ``(i) information on the 
                        educational program;
                            ``(ii) student support services;
                            ``(iii) parent contract 
                        requirements (as applicable), including 
                        any financial obligations or fees;
                            ``(iv) enrollment criteria (as 
                        applicable); and
                            ``(v) annual performance and 
                        enrollment data for each of the 
                        subgroups of students, as defined in 
                        section 1111(c)(2), except that such 
                        disaggregation of performance and 
                        enrollment data shall not be required 
                        in a case in which the number of 
                        students in a group is insufficient to 
                        yield statically reliable information 
                        or the results would reveal personally 
                        identifiable information about an 
                        individual student.
            ``(3) Requests for waivers.--Information about 
        waivers, including--
                    ``(A) a request and justification for 
                waivers of any Federal statutory or regulatory 
                provisions that the State entity believes are 
                necessary for the successful operation of the 
                charter schools that will receive funds under 
                the State entity's program under this section 
                or, in the case of a State entity defined in 
                subsection (a)(4), a description of how the 
                State entity will work with the State to 
                request such necessary waivers, where 
                applicable; and
                    ``(B) a description of any State or local 
                rules, generally applicable to public schools, 
                that will be waived, or otherwise not apply to 
                such schools.
    ``(g) Selection Criteria; Priority.--
            ``(1) Selection criteria.--The Secretary shall 
        award grants to State entities under this section on 
        the basis of the quality of the applications submitted 
        under subsection (f), after taking into consideration--
                    ``(A) the degree of flexibility afforded by 
                the State's charter school law and how the 
                State entity will work to maximize the 
                flexibility provided to charter schools under 
                such law;
                    ``(B) the ambitiousness of the State 
                entity's objectives for the quality charter 
                school program carried out under this section;
                    ``(C) the likelihood that the eligible 
                applicants receiving subgrants under the 
                program will meet those objectives and improve 
                educational results for students;
                    ``(D) the State entity's plan to--
                            ``(i) adequately monitor the 
                        eligible applicants receiving subgrants 
                        under the State entity's program;
                            ``(ii) work with the authorized 
                        public chartering agencies involved to 
                        avoid duplication of work for the 
                        charter schools and authorized public 
                        chartering agencies; and
                            ``(iii) provide technical 
                        assistance and support for--
                                    ``(I) the eligible 
                                applicants receiving subgrants 
                                under the State entity's 
                                program; and
                                    ``(II) quality authorizing 
                                efforts in the State; and
                    ``(E) the State entity's plan to solicit 
                and consider input from parents and other 
                members of the community on the implementation 
                and operation of charter schools in the State.
            ``(2) Priority.--In awarding grants under this 
        section, the Secretary shall give priority to a State 
        entity to the extent that the entity meets the 
        following criteria:
                    ``(A) The State entity is located in a 
                State that--
                            ``(i) allows at least one entity 
                        that is not a local educational agency 
                        to be an authorized public chartering 
                        agency for developers seeking to open a 
                        charter school in the State; or
                            ``(ii) in the case of a State in 
                        which local educational agencies are 
                        the only authorized public chartering 
                        agencies, the State has an appeals 
                        process for the denial of an 
                        application for a charter school.
                    ``(B) The State entity is located in a 
                State that ensures equitable financing, as 
                compared to traditional public schools, for 
                charter schools and students in a prompt 
                manner.
                    ``(C) The State entity is located in a 
                State that provides charter schools one or more 
                of the following:
                            ``(i) Funding for facilities.
                            ``(ii) Assistance with facilities 
                        acquisition.
                            ``(iii) Access to public 
                        facilities.
                            ``(iv) The ability to share in 
                        bonds or mill levies.
                            ``(v) The right of first refusal to 
                        purchase public school buildings.
                            ``(vi) Low- or no-cost leasing 
                        privileges.
                    ``(D) The State entity is located in a 
                State that uses best practices from charter 
                schools to help improve struggling schools and 
                local educational agencies.
                    ``(E) The State entity supports charter 
                schools that serve at-risk students through 
                activities such as dropout prevention, dropout 
                recovery, or comprehensive career counseling 
                services.
                    ``(F) The State entity has taken steps to 
                ensure that all authorizing public chartering 
                agencies implement best practices for charter 
                school authorizing.
    ``(h) Local Uses of Funds.--An eligible applicant receiving 
a subgrant under this section shall use such funds to support 
the activities described in subsection (b)(1), which shall 
include one or more of the following activities:
            ``(1) Preparing teachers, school leaders, and 
        specialized instructional support personnel, including 
        through paying the costs associated with--
                    ``(A) providing professional development; 
                and
                    ``(B) hiring and compensating, during the 
                eligible applicant's planning period specified 
                in the application for subgrant funds that is 
                required under this section, one or more of the 
                following:
                            ``(i) Teachers.
                            ``(ii) School leaders.
                            ``(iii) Specialized instructional 
                        support personnel.
            ``(2) Acquiring supplies, training, equipment 
        (including technology), and educational materials 
        (including developing and acquiring instructional 
        materials).
            ``(3) Carrying out necessary renovations to ensure 
        that a new school building complies with applicable 
        statutes and regulations, and minor facilities repairs 
        (excluding construction).
            ``(4) Providing one-time, startup costs associated 
        with providing transportation to students to and from 
        the charter school.
            ``(5) Carrying out community engagement activities, 
        which may include paying the cost of student and staff 
        recruitment.
            ``(6) Providing for other appropriate, non-
        sustained costs related to the activities described in 
        subsection (b)(1) when such costs cannot be met from 
        other sources.
    ``(i) Reporting Requirements.--Each State entity receiving 
a grant under this section shall submit to the Secretary, at 
the end of the third year of the 5-year grant period (or at the 
end of the second year of the grant period if the grant is less 
than 5 years), and at the end of such grant period, a report 
that includes the following:
            ``(1) The number of students served by each 
        subgrant awarded under this section and, if applicable, 
        the number of new students served during each year of 
        the period of the subgrant.
            ``(2) A description of how the State entity met the 
        objectives of the quality charter school program 
        described in the State entity's application under 
        subsection (f), including--
                    ``(A) how the State entity met the 
                objective of sharing best and promising 
                practices described in subsection (f)(1)(A)(ix) 
                in areas such as instruction, professional 
                development, curricula development, and 
                operations between charter schools and other 
                public schools; and
                    ``(B) if known, the extent to which such 
                practices were adopted and implemented by such 
                other public schools.
            ``(3) The number and amount of subgrants awarded 
        under this section to carry out activities described in 
        each of subparagraphs (A) through (C) of subsection 
        (b)(1).
            ``(4) A description of--
                    ``(A) how the State entity complied with, 
                and ensured that eligible applicants complied 
                with, the assurances included in the State 
                entity's application; and
                    ``(B) how the State entity worked with 
                authorized public chartering agencies, and how 
                the agencies worked with the management company 
                or leadership of the schools that received 
                subgrant funds under this section, if 
                applicable.

``SEC. 4304. FACILITIES FINANCING ASSISTANCE.

    ``(a) Grants to Eligible Entities.--
            ``(1) In general.--From the amount reserved under 
        section 4302(b)(1), the Secretary shall use not less 
        than 50 percent to award, on a competitive basis, not 
        less than 3 grants to eligible entities that have the 
        highest-quality applications approved under subsection 
        (d), after considering the diversity of such 
        applications, to demonstrate innovative methods of 
        helping charter schools to address the cost of 
        acquiring, constructing, and renovating facilities by 
        enhancing the availability of loans or bond financing.
            ``(2) Eligible entity defined.--For the purposes of 
        this section, the term `eligible entity' means--
                    ``(A) a public entity, such as a State or 
                local governmental entity;
                    ``(B) a private nonprofit entity; or
                    ``(C) a consortium of entities described in 
                subparagraphs (A) and (B).
    ``(b) Grantee Selection.--The Secretary shall evaluate each 
application submitted under subsection (d), and shall determine 
whether the application is sufficient to merit approval.
    ``(c) Grant Characteristics.--Grants under subsection (a) 
shall be of sufficient size, scope, and quality so as to ensure 
an effective demonstration of an innovative means of enhancing 
credit for the financing of charter school acquisition, 
construction, or renovation.
    ``(d) Applications.--
            ``(1) In general.--An eligible entity desiring to 
        receive a grant under this section shall submit an 
        application to the Secretary in such form as the 
        Secretary may reasonably require.
            ``(2) Contents.--An application submitted under 
        paragraph (1) shall contain--
                    ``(A) a statement identifying the 
                activities that the eligible entity proposes to 
                carry out with funds received under subsection 
                (a), including how the eligible entity will 
                determine which charter schools will receive 
                assistance, and how much and what types of 
                assistance charter schools will receive;
                    ``(B) a description of the involvement of 
                charter schools in the application's 
                development and the design of the proposed 
                activities;
                    ``(C) a description of the eligible 
                entity's expertise in capital market financing;
                    ``(D) a description of how the proposed 
                activities will leverage the maximum amount of 
                private-sector financing capital relative to 
                the amount of government funding used and 
                otherwise enhance credit available to charter 
                schools, including how the eligible entity will 
                offer a combination of rates and terms more 
                favorable than the rates and terms that a 
                charter school could receive without assistance 
                from the eligible entity under this section;
                    ``(E) a description of how the eligible 
                entity possesses sufficient expertise in 
                education to evaluate the likelihood of success 
                of a charter school program for which 
                facilities financing is sought; and
                    ``(F) in the case of an application 
                submitted by a State governmental entity, a 
                description of the actions that the eligible 
                entity has taken, or will take, to ensure that 
                charter schools within the State receive the 
                funding that charter schools need to have 
                adequate facilities.
    ``(e) Charter School Objectives.--An eligible entity 
receiving a grant under subsection (a) shall use the funds 
deposited in the reserve account established under subsection 
(f) to assist one or more charter schools to access private-
sector capital to accomplish one or more of the following 
objectives:
            ``(1) The acquisition (by purchase, lease, 
        donation, or otherwise) of an interest (including an 
        interest held by a third party for the benefit of a 
        charter school) in improved or unimproved real property 
        that is necessary to commence or continue the operation 
        of a charter school.
            ``(2) The construction of new facilities, or the 
        renovation, repair, or alteration of existing 
        facilities, necessary to commence or continue the 
        operation of a charter school.
            ``(3) The predevelopment costs required to assess 
        sites for purposes of paragraph (1) or (2) and that are 
        necessary to commence or continue the operation of a 
        charter school.
    ``(f) Reserve Account.--
            ``(1) Use of funds.--To assist charter schools in 
        accomplishing the objectives described in subsection 
        (e), an eligible entity receiving a grant under 
        subsection (a) shall, in accordance with State and 
        local law, directly or indirectly, alone or in 
        collaboration with others, deposit the funds received 
        under subsection (a) (other than funds used for 
        administrative costs in accordance with subsection (g)) 
        in a reserve account established and maintained by the 
        eligible entity for this purpose. Amounts deposited in 
        such account shall be used by the eligible entity for 
        one or more of the following purposes:
                    ``(A) Guaranteeing, insuring, and 
                reinsuring bonds, notes, evidences of debt, 
                loans, and interests therein, the proceeds of 
                which are used for an objective described in 
                subsection (e).
                    ``(B) Guaranteeing and insuring leases of 
                personal and real property for an objective 
                described in subsection (e).
                    ``(C) Facilitating financing by identifying 
                potential lending sources, encouraging private 
                lending, and other similar activities that 
                directly promote lending to, or for the benefit 
                of, charter schools.
                    ``(D) Facilitating the issuance of bonds by 
                charter schools, or by other public entities 
                for the benefit of charter schools, by 
                providing technical, administrative, and other 
                appropriate assistance (including the 
                recruitment of bond counsel, underwriters, and 
                potential investors and the consolidation of 
                multiple charter school projects within a 
                single bond issue).
            ``(2) Investment.--Funds received under subsection 
        (a) and deposited in the reserve account established 
        under paragraph (1) shall be invested in obligations 
        issued or guaranteed by the United States or a State, 
        or in other similarly low-risk securities.
            ``(3) Reinvestment of earnings.--Any earnings on 
        funds received under subsection (a) shall be deposited 
        in the reserve account established under paragraph (1) 
        and used in accordance with this subsection.
    ``(g) Limitation on Administrative Costs.--An eligible 
entity may use not more than 2.5 percent of the funds received 
under subsection (a) for the administrative costs of carrying 
out its responsibilities under this section (excluding 
subsection (k)).
    ``(h) Audits and Reports.--
            ``(1) Financial record maintenance and audit.--The 
        financial records of each eligible entity receiving a 
        grant under subsection (a) shall be maintained in 
        accordance with generally accepted accounting 
        principles and shall be subject to an annual audit by 
        an independent public accountant.
            ``(2) Reports.--
                    ``(A) Grantee annual reports.--Each 
                eligible entity receiving a grant under 
                subsection (a) shall submit to the Secretary an 
                annual report of the entity's operations and 
                activities under this section (excluding 
                subsection (k)).
                    ``(B) Contents.--Each annual report 
                submitted under subparagraph (A) shall 
                include--
                            ``(i) a copy of the most recent 
                        financial statements, and any 
                        accompanying opinion on such 
                        statements, prepared by the independent 
                        public accountant reviewing the 
                        financial records of the eligible 
                        entity;
                            ``(ii) a copy of any report made on 
                        an audit of the financial records of 
                        the eligible entity that was conducted 
                        under paragraph (1) during the 
                        reporting period;
                            ``(iii) an evaluation by the 
                        eligible entity of the effectiveness of 
                        its use of the Federal funds provided 
                        under subsection (a) in leveraging 
                        private funds;
                            ``(iv) a listing and description of 
                        the charter schools served during the 
                        reporting period, including the amount 
                        of funds used by each school, the type 
                        of project facilitated by the grant, 
                        and the type of assistance provided to 
                        the charter schools;
                            ``(v) a description of the 
                        activities carried out by the eligible 
                        entity to assist charter schools in 
                        meeting the objectives set forth in 
                        subsection (e); and
                            ``(vi) a description of the 
                        characteristics of lenders and other 
                        financial institutions participating in 
                        the activities carried out by the 
                        eligible entity under this section 
                        (excluding subsection (k)) during the 
                        reporting period.
                    ``(C) Secretarial report.--The Secretary 
                shall review the reports submitted under 
                subparagraph (A) and shall provide a 
                comprehensive annual report to Congress on the 
                activities conducted under this section 
                (excluding subsection (k)).
    ``(i) No Full Faith and Credit for Grantee Obligation.--No 
financial obligation of an eligible entity entered into 
pursuant to this section (such as an obligation under a 
guarantee, bond, note, evidence of debt, or loan) shall be an 
obligation of, or guaranteed in any respect by, the United 
States. The full faith and credit of the United States is not 
pledged to the payment of funds that may be required to be paid 
under any obligation made by an eligible entity pursuant to any 
provision of this section.
    ``(j) Recovery of Funds.--
            ``(1) In general.--The Secretary, in accordance 
        with chapter 37 of title 31, United States Code, shall 
        collect--
                    ``(A) all of the funds in a reserve account 
                established by an eligible entity under 
                subsection (f)(1) if the Secretary determines, 
                not earlier than 2 years after the date on 
                which the eligible entity first received funds 
                under subsection (a), that the eligible entity 
                has failed to make substantial progress in 
                carrying out the purposes described in 
                subsection (f)(1); or
                    ``(B) all or a portion of the funds in a 
                reserve account established by an eligible 
                entity under subsection (f)(1) if the Secretary 
                determines that the eligible entity has 
                permanently ceased to use all or a portion of 
                the funds in such account to accomplish any 
                purpose described in subsection (f)(1).
            ``(2) Exercise of authority.--The Secretary shall 
        not exercise the authority provided in paragraph (1) to 
        collect from any eligible entity any funds that are 
        being properly used to achieve one or more of the 
        purposes described in subsection (f)(1).
            ``(3) Procedures.--The provisions of sections 451, 
        452, and 458 of the General Education Provisions Act 
        shall apply to the recovery of funds under paragraph 
        (1).
            ``(4) Construction.--This subsection shall not be 
        construed to impair or affect the authority of the 
        Secretary to recover funds under part D of the General 
        Education Provisions Act (20 U.S.C. 1234 et seq.).
    ``(k) Per-Pupil Facilities Aid Program.--
            ``(1) Definition of per-pupil facilities aid 
        program.--In this subsection, the term `per-pupil 
        facilities aid program' means a program in which a 
        State makes payments, on a per-pupil basis, to charter 
        schools to provide the schools with financing--
                    ``(A) that is dedicated solely to funding 
                charter school facilities; or
                    ``(B) a portion of which is dedicated for 
                funding charter school facilities.
            ``(2) Grants.--
                    ``(A) In general.--From the amount reserved 
                under section 4302(b)(1) and remaining after 
                the Secretary makes grants under subsection 
                (a), the Secretary shall make grants, on a 
                competitive basis, to States to pay for the 
                Federal share of the cost of establishing or 
                enhancing, and administering, per-pupil 
                facilities aid programs.
                    ``(B) Period.--The Secretary shall award 
                grants under this subsection for periods of not 
                more than 5 years.
                    ``(C) Federal share.--The Federal share of 
                the cost described in subparagraph (A) for a 
                per-pupil facilities aid program shall be not 
                more than--
                            ``(i) 90 percent of the cost, for 
                        the first fiscal year for which the 
                        program receives assistance under this 
                        subsection;
                            ``(ii) 80 percent for the second 
                        such year;
                            ``(iii) 60 percent for the third 
                        such year;
                            ``(iv) 40 percent for the fourth 
                        such year; and
                            ``(v) 20 percent for the fifth such 
                        year.
                    ``(D) State share.--A State receiving a 
                grant under this subsection may partner with 1 
                or more organizations, and such organizations 
                may provide not more than 50 percent of the 
                State share of the cost of establishing or 
                enhancing, and administering, the per-pupil 
                facilities aid program.
                    ``(E) Multiple grants.--A State may receive 
                more than 1 grant under this subsection, so 
                long as the amount of total funds provided to 
                charter schools increases with each successive 
                grant.
            ``(3) Use of funds.--
                    ``(A) In general.--A State that receives a 
                grant under this subsection shall use the funds 
                made available through the grant to establish 
                or enhance, and administer, a per-pupil 
                facilities aid program for charter schools in 
                the State of the applicant.
                    ``(B) Evaluations; technical assistance; 
                dissemination.--From the amount made available 
                to a State through a grant under this 
                subsection for a fiscal year, the State may 
                reserve not more than 5 percent to carry out 
                evaluations, to provide technical assistance, 
                and to disseminate information.
                    ``(C) Supplement, not supplant.--Funds made 
                available under this subsection shall be used 
                to supplement, and not supplant, State and 
                local public funds expended to provide per-
                pupil facilities aid programs, operations 
                financing programs, or other programs, for 
                charter schools.
            ``(4) Requirements.--
                    ``(A) Voluntary participation.--No State 
                may be required to participate in a program 
                carried out under this subsection.
                    ``(B) State law.--
                            ``(i) In general.--To be eligible 
                        to receive a grant under this 
                        subsection, a State shall establish or 
                        enhance, and administer, a per-pupil 
                        facilities aid program for charter 
                        schools in the State, that--
                                    ``(I) is specified in State 
                                law; and
                                    ``(II) provides annual 
                                financing, on a per-pupil 
                                basis, for charter school 
                                facilities.
                            ``(ii) Special rule.--A State that 
                        is required under State law to provide 
                        its charter schools with access to 
                        adequate facility space, but that does 
                        not have a per-pupil facilities aid 
                        program for charter schools specified 
                        in State law, is eligible to receive a 
                        grant under this subsection if the 
                        State agrees to use the funds to 
                        develop a per-pupil facilities aid 
                        program consistent with the 
                        requirements of this subsection.
            ``(5) Applications.--To be eligible to receive a 
        grant under this subsection, a State shall submit an 
        application to the Secretary at such time, in such 
        manner, and containing such information as the 
        Secretary may require.

``SEC. 4305. NATIONAL ACTIVITIES.

    ``(a) In General.--From the amount reserved under section 
4302(b)(2), the Secretary shall--
            ``(1) use not more than 80 percent of such funds to 
        award grants in accordance with subsection (b);
            ``(2) use not more than 9 percent of such funds to 
        award grants, on a competitive basis, to eligible 
        applicants for the purpose of carrying out the 
        activities described in section 4303(h) in a State that 
        did not receive a grant under section 4303; and
            ``(3) after the uses described in paragraphs (1) 
        and (2), use the remainder of such funds to--
                    ``(A) disseminate technical assistance to--
                            ``(i) State entities in awarding 
                        subgrants under section 4303(b)(1); and
                            ``(ii) eligible entities and States 
                        receiving grants under section 4304;
                    ``(B) disseminate best practices regarding 
                charter schools; and
                    ``(C) evaluate the impact of the charter 
                school program carried out under this part, 
                including the impact on student achievement.
    ``(b) Grants for the Replication and Expansion of High-
quality Charter Schools.--
            ``(1) In general.--The Secretary shall make grants, 
        on a competitive basis, to eligible entities having 
        applications approved under paragraph (3) to enable 
        such entities to open and prepare for the operation of 
        one or more replicated high-quality charter schools or 
        to expand one or more high-quality charter schools.
            ``(2) Definition of eligible entity.--For purposes 
        of this subsection, the term `eligible entity' means a 
        charter management organization.
            ``(3) Application requirements.--An eligible entity 
        desiring to receive a grant under this subsection shall 
        submit an application to the Secretary at such time and 
        in such manner as the Secretary may require. The 
        application shall include the following:
                    ``(A) Existing charter school data.--For 
                each charter school currently operated or 
                managed by the eligible entity--
                            ``(i) student assessment results 
                        for all students and for each subgroup 
                        of students described in section 
                        1111(c)(2);
                            ``(ii) attendance and student 
                        retention rates for the most recently 
                        completed school year and, if 
                        applicable, the most recent available 
                        4-year adjusted cohort graduation rates 
                        and extended-year adjusted cohort 
                        graduation rates; and
                            ``(iii) information on any 
                        significant compliance and management 
                        issues encountered within the last 3 
                        school years by any school operated or 
                        managed by the eligible entity, 
                        including in the areas of student 
                        safety and finance.
                    ``(B) Descriptions.--A description of--
                            ``(i) the eligible entity's 
                        objectives for implementing a high-
                        quality charter school program with 
                        funding under this subsection, 
                        including a description of the proposed 
                        number of high-quality charter schools 
                        the eligible entity proposes to open as 
                        a result of the replication of a high-
                        quality charter school or to expand 
                        with funding under this subsection;
                            ``(ii) the educational program that 
                        the eligible entity will implement in 
                        such charter schools, including--
                                    ``(I) information on how 
                                the program will enable all 
                                students to meet the 
                                challenging State academic 
                                standards;
                                    ``(II) the grade levels or 
                                ages of students who will be 
                                served; and
                                    ``(III) the instructional 
                                practices that will be used;
                            ``(iii) how the operation of such 
                        charter schools will be sustained after 
                        the grant under this subsection has 
                        ended, which shall include a multi-year 
                        financial and operating model for the 
                        eligible entity;
                            ``(iv) how the eligible entity will 
                        ensure that such charter schools will 
                        recruit and enroll students, including 
                        children with disabilities, English 
                        learners, and other educationally 
                        disadvantaged students; and
                            ``(v) any request and justification 
                        for any waivers of Federal statutory or 
                        regulatory requirements that the 
                        eligible entity believes are necessary 
                        for the successful operation of such 
                        charter schools.
                    ``(C) Assurance.--An assurance that the 
                eligible entity has sufficient procedures in 
                effect to ensure timely closure of low-
                performing or financially mismanaged charter 
                schools and clear plans and procedures in 
                effect for the students in such schools to 
                attend other high-quality schools.
            ``(4) Selection criteria.--The Secretary shall 
        select eligible entities to receive grants under this 
        subsection, on the basis of the quality of the 
        applications submitted under paragraph (3), after 
        taking into consideration such factors as--
                    ``(A) the degree to which the eligible 
                entity has demonstrated success in increasing 
                academic achievement for all students and for 
                each of the subgroups of students described in 
                section 1111(c)(2) attending the charter 
                schools the eligible entity operates or 
                manages;
                    ``(B) a determination that the eligible 
                entity has not operated or managed a 
                significant proportion of charter schools 
                that--
                            ``(i) have been closed;
                            ``(ii) have had the school's 
                        charter revoked due to problems with 
                        statutory or regulatory compliance; or
                            ``(iii) have had the school's 
                        affiliation with the eligible entity 
                        revoked or terminated, including 
                        through voluntary disaffiliation; and
                    ``(C) a determination that the eligible 
                entity has not experienced significant problems 
                with statutory or regulatory compliance that 
                could lead to the revocation of a school's 
                charter.
            ``(5) Priority.--In awarding grants under this 
        section, the Secretary shall give priority to eligible 
        entities that--
                    ``(A) plan to operate or manage high-
                quality charter schools with racially and 
                socioeconomically diverse student bodies;
                    ``(B) demonstrate success in working with 
                schools identified by the State for 
                comprehensive support and improvement under 
                section 1111(c)(4)(D)(i);
                    ``(C) propose to use funds--
                            ``(i) to expand high-quality 
                        charter schools to serve high school 
                        students; or
                            ``(ii) to replicate high-quality 
                        charter schools to serve high school 
                        students; or
                    ``(D) propose to operate or manage high-
                quality charter schools that focus on dropout 
                recovery and academic reentry.
    ``(c) Terms and Conditions.--Except as otherwise provided, 
grants awarded under paragraphs (1) and (2) of subsection (a) 
shall have the same terms and conditions as grants awarded to 
State entities under section 4303.'';
            (2) in section 4306 (20 U.S.C. 7221e), as 
        redesignated by section 4001, by adding at the end the 
        following:
    ``(c) New or Significantly Expanding Charter Schools.--For 
purposes of implementing the hold harmless protections in 
sections 1122(c) and 1125A(g)(3) for a newly opened or 
significantly expanded charter school under this part, a State 
educational agency shall calculate a hold-harmless base for the 
prior year that, as applicable, reflects the new or 
significantly expanded enrollment of the charter school.'';
            (3) in section 4308 (20 U.S.C. 7221g), as 
        redesignated by section 4001, by inserting ``as quickly 
        as possible and'' before ``to the extent practicable'';
            (4) in section 4310 (20 U.S.C. 7221i), as 
        redesignated by section 4001--
                    (A) in the matter preceding paragraph (1), 
                by striking ``subpart'' and inserting ``part'';
                    (B) by redesignating paragraphs (1), (2), 
                and (3) as paragraphs (2), (5), and (6), 
                respectively;
                    (C) by redesignating paragraph (4) as 
                paragraph (1), and moving such paragraph so as 
                to precede paragraph (2), as redesignated by 
                subparagraph (B);
                    (D) in paragraph (2), as redesignated by 
                subparagraph (B)--
                            (i) in subparagraph (G), by 
                        striking ``, and part B'' and inserting 
                        ``, the Americans with Disabilities Act 
                        of 1990 (42 U.S.C. 12101 et seq.), 
                        section 444 of the General Education 
                        Provisions Act (20 U.S.C. 1232g) 
                        (commonly referred to as the `Family 
                        Educational Rights and Privacy Act of 
                        1974'), and part B'';
                            (ii) by striking subparagraph (H) 
                        and inserting the following:
                    ``(H) is a school to which parents choose 
                to send their children, and that--
                            ``(i) admits students on the basis 
                        of a lottery, consistent with section 
                        4303(c)(3)(A), if more students apply 
                        for admission than can be accommodated; 
                        or
                            ``(ii) in the case of a school that 
                        has an affiliated charter school (such 
                        as a school that is part of the same 
                        network of schools), automatically 
                        enrolls students who are enrolled in 
                        the immediate prior grade level of the 
                        affiliated charter school and, for any 
                        additional student openings or student 
                        openings created through regular 
                        attrition in student enrollment in the 
                        affiliated charter school and the 
                        enrolling school, admits students on 
                        the basis of a lottery as described in 
                        clause (i);'';
                            (iii) by striking subparagraph (I) 
                        and inserting the following:
                    ``(I) agrees to comply with the same 
                Federal and State audit requirements as do 
                other elementary schools and secondary schools 
                in the State, unless such State audit 
                requirements are waived by the State;'';
                            (iv) in subparagraph (K), by 
                        striking ``and'' at the end;
                            (v) in subparagraph (L), by 
                        striking the period at the end and 
                        inserting ``; and''; and
                            (vi) by adding at the end the 
                        following:
                                    ``(M) may serve students in 
                                early childhood education 
                                programs or postsecondary 
                                students.'';
                    (E) by inserting after paragraph (2), as 
                redesignated by subparagraph (B), the 
                following:
            ``(3) Charter management organization.--The term 
        `charter management organization' means a nonprofit 
        organization that operates or manages a network of 
        charter schools linked by centralized support, 
        operations, and oversight.
            ``(4) Charter school support organization.--The 
        term `charter school support organization' means a 
        nonprofit, nongovernmental entity that is not an 
        authorized public chartering agency and provides, on a 
        statewide basis--
                    ``(A) assistance to developers during the 
                planning, program design, and initial 
                implementation of a charter school; and
                    ``(B) technical assistance to operating 
                charter schools.'';
                    (F) in paragraph (6)(B), as redesignated by 
                subparagraph (B), by striking ``under section 
                5203(d)(3)''; and
                    (G) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(7) Expand.--The term `expand', when used with 
        respect to a high-quality charter school, means to 
        significantly increase enrollment or add one or more 
        grades to the high-quality charter school.
            ``(8) High-quality charter school.--The term `high-
        quality charter school' means a charter school that--
                    ``(A) shows evidence of strong academic 
                results, which may include strong student 
                academic growth, as determined by a State;
                    ``(B) has no significant issues in the 
                areas of student safety, financial and 
                operational management, or statutory or 
                regulatory compliance;
                    ``(C) has demonstrated success in 
                significantly increasing student academic 
                achievement, including graduation rates where 
                applicable, for all students served by the 
                charter school; and
                    ``(D) has demonstrated success in 
                increasing student academic achievement, 
                including graduation rates where applicable, 
                for each of the subgroups of students, as 
                defined in section 1111(c)(2), except that such 
                demonstration is not required in a case in 
                which the number of students in a group is 
                insufficient to yield statistically reliable 
                information or the results would reveal 
                personally identifiable information about an 
                individual student.
            ``(9) Replicate.--The term `replicate', when used 
        with respect to a high-quality charter school, means to 
        open a new charter school, or a new campus of a high-
        quality charter school, based on the educational model 
        of an existing high-quality charter school, under an 
        existing charter or an additional charter, if permitted 
        or required by State law.''; and
            (5) by striking section 4311 (20 U.S.C. 7221j), as 
        redesignated by section 4001, and inserting the 
        following:

``SEC. 4311. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

    ``There are authorized to be appropriated to carry out this 
part--
            ``(1) $270,000,000 for fiscal year 2017;
            ``(2) $270,000,000 for fiscal year 2018;
            ``(3) $300,000,000 for fiscal year 2019; and
            ``(4) $300,000,000 for fiscal year 2020.''.

                   PART D--MAGNET SCHOOLS ASSISTANCE

SEC. 4401. MAGNET SCHOOLS ASSISTANCE.

    Part D of title IV (20 U.S.C. 7201 et seq.), as amended by 
section 4001(b)(3), is further amended--
            (1) in section 4401--
                    (A) in subsection (a)(2)--
                            (i) by striking ``2,000,000'' and 
                        inserting ``2,500,000''; and
                            (ii) by striking ``65'' and 
                        inserting ``69''; and
                    (B) in subsection (b)--
                            (i) in paragraph (2)--
                                    (I) by striking ``and 
                                implementation'' and inserting 
                                ``, implementation, and 
                                expansion''; and
                                    (II) by striking ``content 
                                standards and student academic 
                                achievement standards'' and 
                                inserting ``standards'';
                            (ii) in paragraph (3), by striking 
                        ``and design'' and inserting ``, 
                        design, and expansion'';
                            (iii) in paragraph (4), by striking 
                        ``vocational'' and inserting 
                        ``career''; and
                            (iv) in paragraph (6), by striking 
                        ``productive'';
            (2) in section 4405(b)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1)--
                            (i) in subparagraph (A), by 
                        inserting ``any available evidence on, 
                        or if such evidence is not available, a 
                        rationale, based on current research, 
                        for'' before ``how the proposed magnet 
                        school programs'';
                            (ii) in subparagraph (B), by 
                        inserting ``, including any evidence, 
                        or if such evidence is not available, a 
                        rationale based on current research 
                        findings, to support such description'' 
                        before the semicolon;
                            (iii) by redesignating 
                        subparagraphs (D) and (E) as 
                        subparagraphs (E) and (F), 
                        respectively; and
                            (iv) by inserting after 
                        subparagraph (C) the following:
                    ``(D) how the applicant will assess, 
                monitor, and evaluate the impact of the 
                activities funded under this part on student 
                achievement and integration;''; and
                    (B) in paragraph (2)--
                            (i) in subparagraph (A), by 
                        striking ``section 5301(b)'' and 
                        inserting ``section 4401(b)''; and
                            (ii) in subparagraph (B), by 
                        striking ``highly qualified'' and 
                        inserting ``effective'';
            (3) in section 4406, by striking paragraphs (2) and 
        (3) and inserting the following:
            ``(2) propose to--
                    ``(A) carry out a new, evidence-based 
                magnet school program;
                    ``(B) significantly revise an existing 
                magnet school program, using evidence-based 
                methods and practices, as available; or
                    ``(C) replicate an existing magnet school 
                program that has a demonstrated record of 
                success in increasing student academic 
                achievement and reducing isolation of minority 
                groups;
            ``(3) propose to select students to attend magnet 
        school programs by methods such as lottery, rather than 
        through academic examination; and
            ``(4) propose to increase racial integration by 
        taking into account socioeconomic diversity in 
        designing and implementing magnet school programs.'';
            (4) in section 4407--
                    (A) in subsection (a)--
                            (i) in paragraph (3), by striking 
                        ``highly qualified'' and inserting 
                        ``effective'';
                            (ii) in paragraph (6), by striking 
                        ``and'' at the end;
                            (iii) in paragraph (7), by striking 
                        the period at the end and inserting a 
                        semicolon; and
                            (iv) by adding at the end the 
                        following:
            ``(8) to enable the local educational agency, or 
        consortium of such agencies, or other organizations 
        partnered with such agency or consortium, to establish, 
        expand, or strengthen inter-district and regional 
        magnet programs; and
            ``(9) notwithstanding section 426 of the General 
        Education Provisions Act (20 U.S.C. 1228), to provide 
        transportation to and from the magnet school, provided 
        that--
                    ``(A) such transportation is sustainable 
                beyond the grant period; and
                    ``(B) the costs of providing transportation 
                do not represent a significant portion of the 
                grant funds received by the eligible local 
                educational agency under this part .''; and
                    (B) by striking subsection (b) and 
                inserting the following:
    ``(b) Special Rule.--Grant funds under this part may be 
used for activities described in paragraphs (2) and (3) of 
subsection (a) only if the activities are directly related to 
improving student academic achievement based on the challenging 
State academic standards or directly related to improving 
student reading skills or knowledge of mathematics, science, 
history, geography, English, foreign languages, art, or music, 
or to improving career, technical, and professional skills.'';
            (5) in section 4408--
                    (A) in subsection (a), by striking ``3'' 
                and inserting ``5'';
                    (B) by striking subsection (c) and 
                inserting the following:
    ``(c) Amount.--No grant awarded under this part to a local 
educational agency, or a consortium of such agencies, shall be 
for more than $15,000,000 for the grant period described in 
subsection (a).''; and
                    (C) in subsection (d), by striking ``July'' 
                and inserting ``June'';
            (6) in section 4409--
                    (A) by striking subsection (a) and 
                inserting the following:
    ``(a) Authorization.--There are authorized to be 
appropriated to carry out this part the following amounts:
            ``(1) $94,000,000 for fiscal year 2017.
            ``(2) $96,820,000 for fiscal year 2018.
            ``(3) $102,387,150 for fiscal year 2019.
            ``(4) $108,530,379 for fiscal year 2020.''.
                    (B) by redesignating subsection (b) as 
                subsection (c); and
                    (C) by inserting after subsection (a) the 
                following:
    ``(b) Reservation for Technical Assistance.--The Secretary 
may reserve not more than 1 percent of the funds appropriated 
under subsection (a) for any fiscal year to provide technical 
assistance and share best practices with respect to magnet 
school programs assisted under this part.''.

            PART E--FAMILY ENGAGEMENT IN EDUCATION PROGRAMS

SEC. 4501. FAMILY ENGAGEMENT IN EDUCATION PROGRAMS.

    Title IV (20 U.S.C. 7101 et seq.), as amended by section 
4001, is further amended by adding at the end the following:

           ``PART E--FAMILY ENGAGEMENT IN EDUCATION PROGRAMS

``SEC. 4501. PURPOSES.

    ``The purposes of this part are the following:
            ``(1) To provide financial support to organizations 
        to provide technical assistance and training to State 
        educational agencies and local educational agencies in 
        the implementation and enhancement of systemic and 
        effective family engagement policies, programs, and 
        activities that lead to improvements in student 
        development and academic achievement.
            ``(2) To assist State educational agencies, local 
        educational agencies, community-based organizations, 
        schools, and educators in strengthening partnerships 
        among parents, teachers, school leaders, 
        administrators, and other school personnel in meeting 
        the educational needs of children and fostering greater 
        parental engagement.
            ``(3) To support State educational agencies, local 
        educational agencies, schools, educators, and parents 
        in developing and strengthening the relationship 
        between parents and their children's school in order to 
        further the developmental progress of children.
            ``(4) To coordinate activities funded under this 
        part with parent involvement initiatives funded under 
        section 1116 and other provisions of this Act.
            ``(5) To assist the Secretary, State educational 
        agencies, and local educational agencies in the 
        coordination and integration of Federal, State, and 
        local services and programs to engage families in 
        education.

``SEC. 4502. GRANTS AUTHORIZED.

    ``(a) Statewide Family Engagement Centers.--From the amount 
appropriated under section 4506 and not reserved under 
subsection (d), the Secretary is authorized to award grants for 
each fiscal year to statewide organizations (or consortia of 
such organizations), to establish statewide family engagement 
centers that--
            ``(1) carry out parent education, and family 
        engagement in education, programs; or
            ``(2) provide comprehensive training and technical 
        assistance to State educational agencies, local 
        educational agencies, schools identified by State 
        educational agencies and local educational agencies, 
        organizations that support family-school partnerships, 
        and other organizations that carry out such programs.
    ``(b) Minimum Award.--In awarding grants under this 
section, the Secretary shall, to the extent practicable, ensure 
that a grant is awarded for a statewide family engagement 
center in an amount not less than $500,000.
    ``(c) Matching Funds for Grant Renewal.--Each organization 
or consortium receiving assistance under this part shall 
demonstrate that, for each fiscal year after the first fiscal 
year for which the organization or consortium is receiving such 
assistance, a portion of the services provided by the 
organization or consortium is supported through non-Federal 
contributions, which may be in cash or in-kind.
    ``(d) Technical Assistance.--The Secretary shall reserve 
not more than 2 percent of the funds appropriated under section 
4506 to carry out this part to provide technical assistance, by 
competitive grant or contract, for the establishment, 
development, and coordination of statewide family engagement 
centers.

``SEC. 4503. APPLICATIONS.

    ``(a) Submissions.--Each statewide organization, or a 
consortium of such organizations, that desires a grant under 
this part shall submit an application to the Secretary at such 
time and in such manner as the Secretary may require, which 
shall include the information described in subsection (b).
    ``(b) Contents.--Each application submitted under 
subsection (a) shall include, at a minimum, the following:
            ``(1) A description of the applicant's approach to 
        family engagement in education.
            ``(2) A description of how the State educational 
        agency and any partner organization will support the 
        statewide family engagement center that will be 
        operated by the applicant including a description of 
        the State educational agency and any partner 
        organization's commitment of such support.
            ``(3) A description of the applicant's plan for 
        building a statewide infrastructure for family 
        engagement in education, that includes--
                    ``(A) management and governance;
                    ``(B) statewide leadership; or
                    ``(C) systemic services for family 
                engagement in education.
            ``(4) A description of the applicant's demonstrated 
        experience in providing training, information, and 
        support to State educational agencies, local 
        educational agencies, schools, educators, parents, and 
        organizations on family engagement in education 
        policies and practices that are effective for parents 
        (including low-income parents) and families, parents of 
        English learners, minorities, students with 
        disabilities, homeless children and youth, children and 
        youth in foster care, and migrant students, including 
        evaluation results, reporting, or other data exhibiting 
        such demonstrated experience.
            ``(5) A description of the steps the applicant will 
        take to target services to low-income students and 
        parents.
            ``(6) An assurance that the applicant will--
                    ``(A) establish a special advisory 
                committee, the membership of which includes--
                            ``(i) parents, who shall constitute 
                        a majority of the members of the 
                        special advisory committee;
                            ``(ii) representatives of education 
                        professionals with expertise in 
                        improving services for disadvantaged 
                        children;
                            ``(iii) representatives of local 
                        elementary schools and secondary 
                        schools, including students;
                            ``(iv) representatives of the 
                        business community; and
                            ``(v) representatives of State 
                        educational agencies and local 
                        educational agencies;
                    ``(B) use not less than 65 percent of the 
                funds received under this part in each fiscal 
                year to serve local educational agencies, 
                schools, and community-based organizations that 
                serve high concentrations of disadvantaged 
                students, including students who are English 
                learners, minorities, students with 
                disabilities, homeless children and youth, 
                children and youth in foster care, and migrant 
                students;
                    ``(C) operate a statewide family engagement 
                center of sufficient size, scope, and quality 
                to ensure that the center is adequate to serve 
                the State educational agency, local educational 
                agencies, and community-based organizations;
                    ``(D) ensure that the statewide family 
                engagement center will retain staff with the 
                requisite training and experience to serve 
                parents in the State;
                    ``(E) serve urban, suburban, and rural 
                local educational agencies and schools;
                    ``(F) work with--
                            ``(i) other statewide family 
                        engagement centers assisted under this 
                        part; and
                            ``(ii) parent training and 
                        information centers and community 
                        parent resource centers assisted under 
                        sections 671 and 672 of the Individuals 
                        with Disabilities Education Act (20 
                        U.S.C. 1471; 1472);
                    ``(G) use not less than 30 percent of the 
                funds received under this part for each fiscal 
                year to establish or expand technical 
                assistance for evidence-based parent education 
                programs;
                    ``(H) provide assistance to State 
                educational agencies, local educational 
                agencies, and community-based organizations 
                that support family members in supporting 
                student academic achievement;
                    ``(I) work with State educational agencies, 
                local educational agencies, schools, educators, 
                and parents to determine parental needs and the 
                best means for delivery of services to address 
                such needs;
                    ``(J) conduct sufficient outreach to assist 
                parents, including parents who the applicant 
                may have a difficult time engaging with a 
                school or local educational agency; and
                    ``(K) conduct outreach to low-income 
                students and parents, including low-income 
                students and parents who are not proficient in 
                English.
            ``(7) An assurance that the applicant will conduct 
        training programs in the community to improve adult 
        literacy, including financial literacy.
    ``(c) Priority.--In awarding grants for activities 
described in this part, the Secretary shall give priority to 
statewide family engagement centers that will use funds under 
section 4504 for evidence-based activities, which, for the 
purposes of this part is defined as activities meeting the 
requirements of section 8101(21)(A)(i).

``SEC. 4504. USES OF FUNDS.

    ``(a) In General.--Each statewide organization or 
consortium receiving a grant under this part shall use the 
grant funds, based on the needs determined under section 
4503(b)(6)(I), to provide training and technical assistance to 
State educational agencies, local educational agencies, and 
organizations that support family-school partnerships, and 
activities, services, and training for local educational 
agencies, school leaders, educators, and parents--
            ``(1) to assist parents in participating 
        effectively in their children's education and to help 
        their children meet challenging State academic 
        standards, such as by assisting parents--
                    ``(A) to engage in activities that will 
                improve student academic achievement, including 
                understanding how parents can support learning 
                in the classroom with activities at home and in 
                after school and extracurricular programs;
                    ``(B) to communicate effectively with their 
                children, teachers, school leaders, counselors, 
                administrators, and other school personnel;
                    ``(C) to become active participants in the 
                development, implementation, and review of 
                school-parent compacts, family engagement in 
                education policies, and school planning and 
                improvement;
                    ``(D) to participate in the design and 
                provision of assistance to students who are not 
                making academic progress;
                    ``(E) to participate in State and local 
                decisionmaking;
                    ``(F) to train other parents; and
                    ``(G) in learning and using technology 
                applied in their children's education;
            ``(2) to develop and implement, in partnership with 
        the State educational agency, statewide family 
        engagement in education policy and systemic initiatives 
        that will provide for a continuum of services to remove 
        barriers for family engagement in education and support 
        school reform efforts; and
            ``(3) to develop and implement parental involvement 
        policies under this Act.
    ``(b) Rule of Construction.--Nothing in this section shall 
be construed to prohibit a statewide family engagement center 
from--
            ``(1) having its employees or agents meet with a 
        parent at a site that is not on school grounds; or
            ``(2) working with another agency that serves 
        children.
    ``(c) Parental Rights.--Notwithstanding any other provision 
of this section--
            ``(1) no person (including a parent who educates a 
        child at home, a public school parent, or a private 
        school parent) shall be required to participate in any 
        program of parent education or developmental screening 
        under this section; and
            ``(2) no program or center assisted under this 
        section shall take any action that infringes in any 
        manner on the right of parents to direct the education 
        of their children.

``SEC. 4505. FAMILY ENGAGEMENT IN INDIAN SCHOOLS.

    ``The Secretary of the Interior, in consultation with the 
Secretary of Education, shall establish, or enter into 
contracts and cooperative agreements with, local tribes, tribal 
organizations, or Indian nonprofit parent organizations to 
establish and operate family engagement centers.

``SEC. 4506. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

    ``There are authorized to be appropriated to carry out this 
part $10,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2017 through 
2020.''.''.

                      PART F--NATIONAL ACTIVITIES

SEC. 4601. NATIONAL ACTIVITIES.

    Title IV (20 U.S.C. 7101 et seq.), as amended by the 
previous provisions of this title, is further amended by adding 
at the end the following:

                     ``PART F--NATIONAL ACTIVITIES

``SEC. 4601. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS; RESERVATIONS.

    ``(a) Authorization of Appropriations.--There are 
authorized to be appropriated to carry out this part--
            ``(1) $200,741,000 for each of fiscal years 2017 
        and 2018; and
            ``(2) $220,741,000 for each of fiscal years 2019 
        and 2020.
    ``(b) Reservations.--From the amounts appropriated under 
subsection (a) for a fiscal year, the Secretary shall--
            ``(1) reserve $5,000,000 to carry out activities 
        authorized under subpart 3; and
            ``(2) from the amounts remaining after the 
        reservation under paragraph (1)--
                    ``(A) carry out activities authorized under 
                subpart 1 using--
                            ``(i) 36 percent of such remainder 
                        for each of fiscal years 2017 and 2018; 
                        and
                            ``(ii) 42 percent of such remainder 
                        for each of fiscal years 2019 and 2020;
                    ``(B) carry out activities authorized under 
                subpart 2 using--
                            ``(i) 36 percent of such remainder 
                        for each of fiscal years 2017 and 2018; 
                        and
                            ``(ii) 32 percent of such remainder 
                        for each of fiscal years 2019 and 2020; 
                        and
                    ``(C) to carry out activities authorized 
                under subpart 4--
                            ``(i) 28 percent of such remainder 
                        for each of fiscal years 2017 and 2018; 
                        and
                            ``(ii) 26 percen