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114th Congress   }                                        {     Report
                        HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
 1st Session     }                                        {    114-357
______________________________________________________________________

                                     



                                FAST Act
                               __________                              

                           CONFERENCE REPORT

                              to accompany

                                H.R. 22












[GRAPHIC(S) NOT AVAILABLE IN TIFF FORMAT]





















                December 1, 2015.--Ordered to be printed





















114th Congress   }                                        {     Report
                        HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
 1st Session     }                                        {    114-357
_______________________________________________________________________

                                     



                                FAST Act

                               __________

                           CONFERENCE REPORT

                              to accompany

                                H.R. 22








[GRAPHIC(S) NOT AVAILABLE IN TIFF FORMAT]




















                December 1, 2015.--Ordered to be printed
                
                                   ______

                         U.S. GOVERNMENT PUBLISHING OFFICE 

97-702                         WASHINGTON : 2015                
                
                
                
                
                
                
                
                
                
                
                
                
                
                
                
                
                
                
                
                
                
                
                
                
114th Congress   }                                        {     Report
                        HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
 1st Session     }                                        {    114-357

======================================================================



 
                                FAST ACT

                                _______
                                

                December 1, 2015.--Ordered to be printed

                                _______
                                

 Mr. Shuster, from the Committee of Conference, submitted the following

                           CONFERENCE REPORT

                         [To accompany H.R. 22]

      The committee of conference on the disagreeing votes of 
the two Houses on the amendment of the House to the amendment 
of the Senate to the bill (H.R. 22), to authorize funds for 
Federal-aid highways, highway safety programs, and transmit 
programs, and for other purposes, having met, after full and 
free conference, have agreed to recommend and do recommend to 
their respective Houses as follows:
      That the Senate recede from its disagreement to the 
amendment of the House and agree to the same with an amendment 
as follows:
      In lieu of the matter proposed to be inserted by the 
House amendment, insert the following:

SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE; TABLE OF CONTENTS.

    (a) Short Title.--This Act may be cited as the ``Fixing 
America's Surface Transportation Act'' or the ``FAST Act''.
    (b) Table of Contents.--The table of contents for this Act 
is as follows:

Sec. 1. Short title; table of contents.

                   DIVISION A--SURFACE TRANSPORTATION

Sec. 1001. Definitions.
Sec. 1002. Reconciliation of funds.
Sec. 1003. Effective date.
Sec. 1004. References.

                      TITLE I--FEDERAL-AID HIGHWAYS

                 Subtitle A--Authorizations and Programs

Sec. 1101. Authorization of appropriations.
Sec. 1102. Obligation ceiling.
Sec. 1103. Definitions.
Sec. 1104. Apportionment.
Sec. 1105. Nationally significant freight and highway projects.
Sec. 1106. National highway performance program.
Sec. 1107. Emergency relief for federally owned roads.
Sec. 1108. Railway-highway grade crossings.
Sec. 1109. Surface transportation block grant program.
Sec. 1110. Highway use tax evasion projects.
Sec. 1111. Bundling of bridge projects.
Sec. 1112. Construction of ferry boats and ferry terminal facilities.
Sec. 1113. Highway safety improvement program.
Sec. 1114. Congestion mitigation and air quality improvement program.
Sec. 1115. Territorial and Puerto Rico highway program.
Sec. 1116. National highway freight program.
Sec. 1117. Federal lands and tribal transportation programs.
Sec. 1118. Tribal transportation program amendment.
Sec. 1119. Federal lands transportation program.
Sec. 1120. Federal lands programmatic activities.
Sec. 1121. Tribal transportation self-governance program.
Sec. 1122. State flexibility for National Highway System modifications.
Sec. 1123. Nationally significant Federal lands and tribal projects 
          program.

             Subtitle B--Planning and Performance Management

Sec. 1201. Metropolitan transportation planning.
Sec. 1202. Statewide and nonmetropolitan transportation planning.

              Subtitle C--Acceleration of Project Delivery

Sec. 1301. Satisfaction of requirements for certain historic sites.
Sec. 1302. Clarification of transportation environmental authorities.
Sec. 1303. Treatment of certain bridges under preservation requirements.
Sec. 1304. Efficient environmental reviews for project decisionmaking.
Sec. 1305. Integration of planning and environmental review.
Sec. 1306. Development of programmatic mitigation plans.
Sec. 1307. Technical assistance for States.
Sec. 1308. Surface transportation project delivery program.
Sec. 1309. Program for eliminating duplication of environmental reviews.
Sec. 1310. Application of categorical exclusions for multimodal 
          projects.
Sec. 1311. Accelerated decisionmaking in environmental reviews.
Sec. 1312. Improving State and Federal agency engagement in 
          environmental reviews.
Sec. 1313. Aligning Federal environmental reviews.
Sec. 1314. Categorical exclusion for projects of limited Federal 
          assistance.
Sec. 1315. Programmatic agreement template.
Sec. 1316. Assumption of authorities.
Sec. 1317. Modernization of the environmental review process.
Sec. 1318. Assessment of progress on accelerating project delivery.

                        Subtitle D--Miscellaneous

Sec. 1401. Prohibition on the use of funds for automated traffic 
          enforcement.
Sec. 1402. Highway Trust Fund transparency and accountability.
Sec. 1403. Additional deposits into Highway Trust Fund.
Sec. 1404. Design standards.
Sec. 1405. Justification reports for access points on the Interstate 
          System.
Sec. 1406. Performance period adjustment.
Sec. 1407. Vehicle-to-infrastructure equipment.
Sec. 1408. Federal share payable.
Sec. 1409. Milk products.
Sec. 1410. Interstate weight limits.
Sec. 1411. Tolling; HOV facilities; Interstate reconstruction and 
          rehabilitation.
Sec. 1412. Projects for public safety relating to idling trains.
Sec. 1413. National electric vehicle charging and hydrogen, propane, and 
          natural gas fueling corridors.
Sec. 1414. Repeat offender criteria.
Sec. 1415. Administrative provisions to encourage pollinator habitat and 
          forage on transportation rights-of-way.
Sec. 1416. High priority corridors on National Highway System.
Sec. 1417. Work zone and guard rail safety training.
Sec. 1418. Consolidation of programs.
Sec. 1419. Elimination or modification of certain reporting 
          requirements.
Sec. 1420. Flexibility for projects.
Sec. 1421. Productive and timely expenditure of funds.
Sec. 1422. Study on performance of bridges.
Sec. 1423. Relinquishment of park-and-ride lot facilities.
Sec. 1424. Pilot program.
Sec. 1425. Service club, charitable association, or religious service 
          signs.
Sec. 1426. Motorcyclist advisory council.
Sec. 1427. Highway work zones.
Sec. 1428. Use of durable, resilient, and sustainable materials and 
          practices.
Sec. 1429. Identification of roadside highway safety hardware devices.
Sec. 1430. Use of modeling and simulation technology.
Sec. 1431. National Advisory Committee on Travel and Tourism 
          Infrastructure.
Sec. 1432. Emergency exemptions.
Sec. 1433. Report on Highway Trust Fund administrative expenditures.
Sec. 1434. Availability of reports.
Sec. 1435. Appalachian development highway system.
Sec. 1436. Appalachian regional development program.
Sec. 1437. Border State infrastructure.
Sec. 1438. Adjustments.
Sec. 1439. Elimination of barriers to improve at-risk bridges.
Sec. 1440. At-risk project preagreement authority.
Sec. 1441. Regional infrastructure accelerator demonstration program.
Sec. 1442. Safety for users.
Sec. 1443. Sense of Congress.
Sec. 1444. Every Day Counts initiative.
Sec. 1445. Water infrastructure finance and innovation.
Sec. 1446. Technical corrections.

                  TITLE II--INNOVATIVE PROJECT FINANCE

Sec. 2001. Transportation Infrastructure Finance and Innovation Act of 
          1998 amendments.
Sec. 2002. Availability payment concession model.

                    TITLE III--PUBLIC TRANSPORTATION

Sec. 3001. Short title.
Sec. 3002. Definitions.
Sec. 3003. Metropolitan and statewide transportation planning.
Sec. 3004. Urbanized area formula grants.
Sec. 3005. Fixed guideway capital investment grants.
Sec. 3006. Enhanced mobility of seniors and individuals with 
          disabilities.
Sec. 3007. Formula grants for rural areas.
Sec. 3008. Public transportation innovation.
Sec. 3009. Technical assistance and workforce development.
Sec. 3010. Private sector participation.
Sec. 3011. General provisions.
Sec. 3012. Project management oversight.
Sec. 3013. Public transportation safety program.
Sec. 3014. Apportionments.
Sec. 3015. State of good repair grants.
Sec. 3016. Authorizations.
Sec. 3017. Grants for buses and bus facilities.
Sec. 3018. Obligation ceiling.
Sec. 3019. Innovative procurement.
Sec. 3020. Review of public transportation safety standards.
Sec. 3021. Study on evidentiary protection for public transportation 
          safety program information.
Sec. 3022. Improved public transportation safety measures.
Sec. 3023. Paratransit system under FTA approved coordinated plan.
Sec. 3024. Report on potential of Internet of Things.
Sec. 3025. Report on parking safety.
Sec. 3026. Appointment of directors of Washington Metropolitan Area 
          Transit Authority.
Sec. 3027. Effectiveness of public transportation changes and funding.
Sec. 3028. Authorization of grants for positive train control.
Sec. 3029. Amendment to title 5.
Sec. 3030. Technical and conforming changes.

                    TITLE IV--HIGHWAY TRAFFIC SAFETY

Sec. 4001. Authorization of appropriations.
Sec. 4002. Highway safety programs.
Sec. 4003. Highway safety research and development.
Sec. 4004. High-visibility enforcement program.
Sec. 4005. National priority safety programs.
Sec. 4006. Tracking process.
Sec. 4007. Stop motorcycle checkpoint funding.
Sec. 4008. Marijuana-impaired driving.
Sec. 4009. Increasing public awareness of the dangers of drug-impaired 
          driving.
Sec. 4010. National priority safety program grant eligibility.
Sec. 4011. Data collection.
Sec. 4012. Study on the national roadside survey of alcohol and drug use 
          by drivers.
Sec. 4013. Barriers to data collection report.
Sec. 4014. Technical corrections.
Sec. 4015. Effective date for certain programs.

                      TITLE V--MOTOR CARRIER SAFETY

          Subtitle A--Motor Carrier Safety Grant Consolidation

Sec. 5101. Grants to States.
Sec. 5102. Performance and registration information systems management.
Sec. 5103. Authorization of appropriations.
Sec. 5104. Commercial driver's license program implementation.
Sec. 5105. Extension of Federal motor carrier safety programs for fiscal 
          year 2016.
Sec. 5106. Motor carrier safety assistance program allocation.
Sec. 5107. Maintenance of effort calculation.

     Subtitle B--Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration Reform

                        Part I--Regulatory Reform

Sec. 5201. Notice of cancellation of insurance.
Sec. 5202. Regulations.
Sec. 5203. Guidance.
Sec. 5204. Petitions.
Sec. 5205. Inspector standards.
Sec. 5206. Applications.

           Part II--Compliance, Safety, Accountability Reform

Sec. 5221. Correlation study.
Sec. 5222. Beyond compliance.
Sec. 5223. Data certification.
Sec. 5224. Data improvement.
Sec. 5225. Accident review.

               Subtitle C--Commercial Motor Vehicle Safety

Sec. 5301. Windshield technology.
Sec. 5302. Prioritizing statutory rulemakings.
Sec. 5303. Safety reporting system.
Sec. 5304. New entrant safety review program.
Sec. 5305. High risk carrier reviews.
Sec. 5306. Post-accident report review.
Sec. 5307. Implementing safety requirements.

              Subtitle D--Commercial Motor Vehicle Drivers

Sec. 5401. Opportunities for veterans.
Sec. 5402. Drug-free commercial drivers.
Sec. 5403. Medical certification of veterans for commercial driver's 
          licenses.
Sec. 5404. Commercial driver pilot program.

                     Subtitle E--General Provisions

Sec. 5501. Delays in goods movement.
Sec. 5502. Emergency route working group.
Sec. 5503. Household goods consumer protection working group.
Sec. 5504. Technology improvements.
Sec. 5505. Notification regarding motor carrier registration.
Sec. 5506. Report on commercial driver's license skills test delays.
Sec. 5507. Electronic logging device requirements.
Sec. 5508. Technical corrections.
Sec. 5509. Minimum financial responsibility.
Sec. 5510. Safety study regarding double-decker motorcoaches.
Sec. 5511. GAO review of school bus safety.
Sec. 5512. Access to National Driver Register.
Sec. 5513. Report on design and implementation of wireless roadside 
          inspection systems.
Sec. 5514. Regulation of tow truck operations.
Sec. 5515. Study on commercial motor vehicle driver commuting.
Sec. 5516. Additional State authority.
Sec. 5517. Report on motor carrier financial responsibility.
Sec. 5518. Covered farm vehicles.
Sec. 5519. Operators of hi-rail vehicles.
Sec. 5520. Automobile transporter.
Sec. 5521. Ready mix concrete delivery vehicles.
Sec. 5522. Transportation of construction materials and equipment.
Sec. 5523. Commercial delivery of light- and medium-duty trailers.
Sec. 5524. Exemptions from requirements for certain welding trucks used 
          in pipeline industry.
Sec. 5525. Report.

                          TITLE VI--INNOVATION

Sec. 6001. Short title.
Sec. 6002. Authorization of appropriations.
Sec. 6003. Technology and innovation deployment program.
Sec. 6004. Advanced transportation and congestion management 
          technologies deployment.
Sec. 6005. Intelligent transportation system goals.
Sec. 6006. Intelligent transportation system purposes.
Sec. 6007. Intelligent transportation system program report.
Sec. 6008. Intelligent transportation system national architecture and 
          standards.
Sec. 6009. Communication systems deployment report.
Sec. 6010. Infrastructure development.
Sec. 6011. Departmental research programs.
Sec. 6012. Research and Innovative Technology Administration.
Sec. 6013. Web-based training for emergency responders.
Sec. 6014. Hazardous materials research and development.
Sec. 6015. Office of Intermodalism.
Sec. 6016. University transportation centers.
Sec. 6017. Bureau of Transportation Statistics.
Sec. 6018. Port performance freight statistics program.
Sec. 6019. Research planning.
Sec. 6020. Surface transportation system funding alternatives.
Sec. 6021. Future interstate study.
Sec. 6022. Highway efficiency.
Sec. 6023. Transportation technology policy working group.
Sec. 6024. Collaboration and support.
Sec. 6025. GAO report.
Sec. 6026. Traffic congestion.
Sec. 6027. Smart cities transportation planning study.
Sec. 6028. Performance management data support program.

              TITLE VII--HAZARDOUS MATERIALS TRANSPORTATION

Sec. 7001. Short title.

                       Subtitle A--Authorizations

Sec. 7101. Authorization of appropriations.

          Subtitle B--Hazardous Material Safety and Improvement

Sec. 7201. National emergency and disaster response.
Sec. 7202. Motor carrier safety permits.
Sec. 7203. Improving the effectiveness of planning and training grants.
Sec. 7204. Improving publication of special permits and approvals.
Sec. 7205. Enhanced reporting.
Sec. 7206. Wetlines.
Sec. 7207. GAO study on acceptance of classification examinations.
Sec. 7208. Hazardous materials endorsement exemption.

      Subtitle C--Safe Transportation of Flammable Liquids by Rail

Sec. 7301. Community safety grants.
Sec. 7302. Real-time emergency response information.
Sec. 7303. Emergency response.
Sec. 7304. Phase-out of all tank cars used to transport Class 3 
          flammable liquids.
Sec. 7305. Thermal blankets.
Sec. 7306. Minimum requirements for top fittings protection for class 
          DOT-117R tank cars.
Sec. 7307. Rulemaking on oil spill response plans.
Sec. 7308. Modification reporting.
Sec. 7309. Report on crude oil characteristics research study.
Sec. 7310. Hazardous materials by rail liability study.
Sec. 7311. Study and testing of electronically controlled pneumatic 
          brakes.

              TITLE VIII--MULTIMODAL FREIGHT TRANSPORTATION

Sec. 8001. Multimodal freight transportation.

 TITLE IX--NATIONAL SURFACE TRANSPORTATION AND INNOVATIVE FINANCE BUREAU

Sec. 9001. National Surface Transportation and Innovative Finance 
          Bureau.
Sec. 9002. Council on Credit and Finance.

     TITLE X--SPORT FISH RESTORATION AND RECREATIONAL BOATING SAFETY

Sec. 10001. Allocations.
Sec. 10002. Recreational boating safety.

                             TITLE XI--RAIL

Sec. 11001. Short title.

                       Subtitle A--Authorizations

Sec. 11101. Authorization of grants to Amtrak.
Sec. 11102. Consolidated rail infrastructure and safety improvements.
Sec. 11103. Federal-State partnership for state of good repair.
Sec. 11104. Restoration and enhancement grants.
Sec. 11105. Authorization of appropriations for Amtrak Office of 
          Inspector General.
Sec. 11106. Definitions.

                       Subtitle B--Amtrak Reforms

Sec. 11201. Accounts.
Sec. 11202. Amtrak grant process.
Sec. 11203. 5-year business line and asset plans.
Sec. 11204. State-supported route committee.
Sec. 11205. Composition of Amtrak's Board of Directors.
Sec. 11206. Route and service planning decisions.
Sec. 11207. Food and beverage reform.
Sec. 11208. Rolling stock purchases.
Sec. 11209. Local products and promotional events.
Sec. 11210. Amtrak pilot program for passengers transporting 
          domesticated cats and dogs.
Sec. 11211. Right-of-way leveraging.
Sec. 11212. Station development.
Sec. 11213. Amtrak boarding procedures.
Sec. 11214. Amtrak debt.
Sec. 11215. Elimination of duplicative reporting.

               Subtitle C--Intercity Passenger Rail Policy

Sec. 11301. Consolidated rail infrastructure and safety improvements.
Sec. 11302. Federal-State partnership for state of good repair.
Sec. 11303. Restoration and enhancement grants.
Sec. 11304. Gulf Coast rail service working group.
Sec. 11305. Northeast Corridor Commission.
Sec. 11306. Northeast corridor planning.
Sec. 11307. Competition.
Sec. 11308. Performance-based proposals.
Sec. 11309. Large capital project requirements.
Sec. 11310. Small business participation study.
Sec. 11311. Shared-use study.
Sec. 11312. Northeast Corridor through-ticketing and procurement 
          efficiencies.
Sec. 11313. Data and analysis.
Sec. 11314. Amtrak Inspector General.
Sec. 11315. Miscellaneous provisions.
Sec. 11316. Technical and conforming amendments.

                           Subtitle D--Safety

Sec. 11401. Highway-rail grade crossing safety.
Sec. 11402. Private highway-rail grade crossings.
Sec. 11403. Study on use of locomotive horns at highway-rail grade 
          crossings.
Sec. 11404. Positive train control at grade crossings effectiveness 
          study.
Sec. 11405. Bridge inspection reports.
Sec. 11406. Speed limit action plans.
Sec. 11407. Alerters.
Sec. 11408. Signal protection.
Sec. 11409. Commuter rail track inspections.
Sec. 11410. Post-accident assessment.
Sec. 11411. Recording devices.
Sec. 11412. Railroad police officers.
Sec. 11413. Repair and replacement of damaged track inspection 
          equipment.
Sec. 11414. Report on vertical track deflection.
Sec. 11415. Rail passenger liability.

                      Subtitle E--Project Delivery

Sec. 11501. Short title.
Sec. 11502. Treatment of improvements to rail and transit under 
          preservation requirements.
Sec. 11503. Efficient environmental reviews.
Sec. 11504. Railroad rights-of-way.

                          Subtitle F--Financing

Sec. 11601. Short title; references.
Sec. 11602. Definitions.
Sec. 11603. Eligible applicants.
Sec. 11604. Eligible purposes.
Sec. 11605. Program administration.
Sec. 11606. Loan terms and repayment.
Sec. 11607. Credit risk premiums.
Sec. 11608. Master credit agreements.
Sec. 11609. Priorities and conditions.
Sec. 11610. Savings provisions.
Sec. 11611. Report on leveraging RRIF.

DIVISION B--COMPREHENSIVE TRANSPORTATION AND CONSUMER PROTECTION ACT OF 
                                  2015

                    TITLE XXIV--MOTOR VEHICLE SAFETY

                       Subtitle A--Vehicle Safety

Sec. 24101. Authorization of appropriations.
Sec. 24102. Inspector general recommendations.
Sec. 24103. Improvements in availability of recall information.
Sec. 24104. Recall process.
Sec. 24105. Pilot grant program for state notification to consumers of 
          motor vehicle recall status.
Sec. 24106. Recall obligations under bankruptcy.
Sec. 24107. Dealer requirement to check for open recall.
Sec. 24108. Extension of time period for remedy of tire defects.
Sec. 24109. Rental car safety.
Sec. 24110. Increase in civil penalties for violations of motor vehicle 
          safety.
Sec. 24111. Electronic odometer disclosures.
Sec. 24112. Corporate responsibility for NHTSA reports.
Sec. 24113. Direct vehicle notification of recalls.
Sec. 24114. Unattended children warning.
Sec. 24115. Tire pressure monitoring system.
Sec. 24116. Information regarding components involved in recall.

      Subtitle B--Research And Development And Vehicle Electronics

Sec. 24201. Report on operations of the council for vehicle electronics, 
          vehicle software, and emerging technologies.
Sec. 24202. Cooperation with foreign governments.

                  Subtitle C--Miscellaneous Provisions

                   Part I--DRIVER PRIVACY ACT OF 2015

Sec. 24301. Short title.
Sec. 24302. Limitations on data retrieval from vehicle event data 
          recorders.
Sec. 24303. Vehicle event data recorder study.

         Part II--SAFETY THROUGH INFORMED CONSUMERS ACT OF 2015

Sec. 24321. Short title.
Sec. 24322. Passenger motor vehicle information.

     Part III--TIRE EFFICIENCY, SAFETY, AND REGISTRATION ACT OF 2015

Sec. 24331. Short title.
Sec. 24332. Tire fuel efficiency minimum performance standards.
Sec. 24333. Tire registration by independent sellers.
Sec. 24334. Tire identification study and report.
Sec. 24335. Tire recall database.

                   Part IV--ALTERNATIVE FUEL VEHICLES

Sec. 24341. Regulatory parity for natural gas vehicles.

             Part V--MOTOR VEHICLE SAFETY WHISTLEBLOWER ACT

Sec. 24351. Short title.
Sec. 24352. Motor vehicle safety whistleblower incentives and 
          protections.

             Subtitle D--Additional Motor Vehicle Provisions

Sec. 24401. Required reporting of NHTSA agenda.
Sec. 24402. Application of remedies for defects and noncompliance.
Sec. 24403. Retention of safety records by manufacturers.
Sec. 24404. Nonapplication of prohibitions relating to noncomplying 
          motor vehicles to vehicles used for testing or evaluation.
Sec. 24405. Treatment of low-volume manufacturers.
Sec. 24406. Motor vehicle safety guidelines.
Sec. 24407. Improvement of data collection on child occupants in vehicle 
          crashes.

                           DIVISION C--FINANCE

            TITLE XXXI--HIGHWAY TRUST FUND AND RELATED TAXES

 Subtitle A--Extension of Trust Fund Expenditure Authority and Related 
                                  Taxes

Sec. 31101. Extension of Highway Trust Fund expenditure authority.
Sec. 31102. Extension of highway-related taxes.

         Subtitle B--Additional Transfers to Highway Trust Fund

Sec. 31201. Further additional transfers to trust fund.
Sec. 31202. Transfer to Highway Trust Fund of certain motor vehicle 
          safety penalties.
Sec. 31203. Appropriation from Leaking Underground Storage Tank Trust 
          Fund.

                          TITLE XXXII--OFFSETS

                       Subtitle A--Tax Provisions

Sec. 32101. Revocation or denial of passport in case of certain unpaid 
          taxes.
Sec. 32102. Reform of rules relating to qualified tax collection 
          contracts.
Sec. 32103. Special compliance personnel program.
Sec. 32104. Repeal of modification of automatic extension of return due 
          date for certain employee benefit plans.

                      Subtitle B--Fees and Receipts

Sec. 32201. Adjustment for inflation of fees for certain customs 
          services.
Sec. 32202. Limitation on surplus funds of Federal reserve banks.
Sec. 32203. Dividends of Federal reserve banks.
Sec. 32204. Strategic Petroleum Reserve drawdown and sale.
Sec. 32205. Repeal.

                           Subtitle C--Outlays

Sec. 32301. Interest on overpayment.

                      Subtitle D--Budgetary Effects

Sec. 32401. Budgetary effects.

                        DIVISION D--MISCELLANEOUS

                TITLE XLI--FEDERAL PERMITTING IMPROVEMENT

Sec. 41001. Definitions.
Sec. 41002. Federal Permitting Improvement Council.
Sec. 41003. Permitting process improvement.
Sec. 41004. Interstate compacts.
Sec. 41005. Coordination of required reviews.
Sec. 41006. Delegated State permitting programs.
Sec. 41007. Litigation, judicial review, and savings provision.
Sec. 41008. Reports.
Sec. 41009. Funding for governance, oversight, and processing of 
          environmental reviews and permits.
Sec. 41010. Application.
Sec. 41011. GAO Report.
Sec. 41012. Savings provision.
Sec. 41013. Sunset.
Sec. 41014. Placement.

                    TITLE XLII--ADDITIONAL PROVISIONS

Sec. 42001. GAO report on refunds to registered vendors of kerosene used 
          in noncommercial aviation.

       TITLE XLIII--PAYMENTS TO CERTIFIED STATES AND INDIAN TRIBES

Sec. 43001. Payments from Abandoned Mine Reclamation Fund.

           DIVISION E--EXPORT-IMPORT BANK OF THE UNITED STATES

Sec. 50001. Short title.

  TITLE LI--TAXPAYER PROTECTION PROVISIONS AND INCREASED ACCOUNTABILITY

Sec. 51001. Reduction in authorized amount of outstanding loans, 
          guarantees, and insurance.
Sec. 51002. Increase in loss reserves.
Sec. 51003. Review of fraud controls.
Sec. 51004. Office of Ethics.
Sec. 51005. Chief Risk Officer.
Sec. 51006. Risk Management Committee.
Sec. 51007. Independent audit of bank portfolio.
Sec. 51008. Pilot program for reinsurance.

             TITLE LII--PROMOTION OF SMALL BUSINESS EXPORTS

Sec. 52001. Increase in small business lending requirements.
Sec. 52002. Report on programs for small- and medium-sized businesses.

                 TITLE LIII--MODERNIZATION OF OPERATIONS

Sec. 53001. Electronic payments and documents.
Sec. 53002. Reauthorization of information technology updating.

                      TITLE LIV--GENERAL PROVISIONS

Sec. 54001. Extension of authority.
Sec. 54002. Certain updated loan terms and amounts.

                         TITLE LV--OTHER MATTERS

Sec. 55001. Prohibition on discrimination based on industry.
Sec. 55002. Negotiations to end export credit financing.
Sec. 55003. Study of financing for information and communications 
          technology systems.

                       DIVISION F--ENERGY SECURITY

Sec. 61001. Emergency preparedness for energy supply disruptions.
Sec. 61002. Resolving environmental and grid reliability conflicts.
Sec. 61003. Critical electric infrastructure security.
Sec. 61004. Strategic Transformer Reserve.
Sec. 61005. Energy security valuation.

                     DIVISION G--FINANCIAL SERVICES

  TITLE LXXI--IMPROVING ACCESS TO CAPITAL FOR EMERGING GROWTH COMPANIES

Sec. 71001. Filing requirement for public filing prior to public 
          offering.
Sec. 71002. Grace period for change of status of emerging growth 
          companies.
Sec. 71003. Simplified disclosure requirements for emerging growth 
          companies.

        TITLE LXXII--DISCLOSURE MODERNIZATION AND SIMPLIFICATION

Sec. 72001. Summary page for form 10-K.
Sec. 72002. Improvement of regulation S-K.
Sec. 72003. Study on modernization and simplification of regulation S-K.

  TITLE LXXIII--BULLION AND COLLECTIBLE COIN PRODUCTION EFFICIENCY AND 
                              COST SAVINGS

Sec. 73001. Technical corrections.
Sec. 73002. American Eagle Silver Bullion 30th Anniversary.

                    TITLE LXXIV--SBIC ADVISERS RELIEF

Sec. 74001. Advisers of SBICs and venture capital funds.
Sec. 74002. Advisers of SBICs and private funds.
Sec. 74003. Relationship to State law.

             TITLE LXXV--ELIMINATE PRIVACY NOTICE CONFUSION

Sec. 75001. Exception to annual privacy notice requirement under the 
          Gramm-Leach-Bliley Act.

  TITLE LXXVI--REFORMING ACCESS FOR INVESTMENTS IN STARTUP ENTERPRISES

Sec. 76001. Exempted transactions.

     TITLE LXXVII--PRESERVATION ENHANCEMENT AND SAVINGS OPPORTUNITY

Sec. 77001. Distributions and residual receipts.
Sec. 77002. Future refinancings.
Sec. 77003. Implementation.

            TITLE LXXVIII--TENANT INCOME VERIFICATION RELIEF

Sec. 78001. Reviews of family incomes.

               TITLE LXXIX--HOUSING ASSISTANCE EFFICIENCY

Sec. 79001. Authority to administer rental assistance.
Sec. 79002. Reallocation of funds.

                  TITLE LXXX--CHILD SUPPORT ASSISTANCE

Sec. 80001. Requests for consumer reports by State or local child 
          support enforcement agencies.

               TITLE LXXXI--PRIVATE INVESTMENT IN HOUSING

Sec. 81001. Budget-neutral demonstration program for energy and water 
          conservation improvements at multifamily residential units.

 TITLE LXXXII--CAPITAL ACCESS FOR SMALL COMMUNITY FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS

Sec. 82001. Privately insured credit unions authorized to become members 
          of a Federal home loan bank.
Sec. 82002. GAO Report.

               TITLE LXXXIII--SMALL BANK EXAM CYCLE REFORM

Sec. 83001. Smaller institutions qualifying for 18-month examination 
          cycle.

             TITLE LXXXIV--SMALL COMPANY SIMPLE REGISTRATION

Sec. 84001. Forward incorporation by reference for Form S-1.

    TITLE LXXXV--HOLDING COMPANY REGISTRATION THRESHOLD EQUALIZATION

Sec. 85001. Registration threshold for savings and loan holding 
          companies.

          TITLE LXXXVI--REPEAL OF INDEMNIFICATION REQUIREMENTS

Sec. 86001. Repeal.

   TITLE LXXXVII--TREATMENT OF DEBT OR EQUITY INSTRUMENTS OF SMALLER 
                              INSTITUTIONS

Sec. 87001. Date for determining consolidated assets.

               TITLE LXXXVIII--STATE LICENSING EFFICIENCY

Sec. 88001. Short title.
Sec. 88002. Background checks.

   TITLE LXXXIX--HELPING EXPAND LENDING PRACTICES IN RURAL COMMUNITIES

Sec. 89001. Short title.
Sec. 89002. Designation of rural area.
Sec. 89003. Operations in rural areas.

                   DIVISION A--SURFACE TRANSPORTATION

SEC. 1001. DEFINITIONS.

    In this division, the following definitions apply:
            (1) Department.--The term ``Department'' means the 
        Department of Transportation.
            (2) Secretary.--The term ``Secretary'' means the 
        Secretary of Transportation.

SEC. 1002. RECONCILIATION OF FUNDS.

    The Secretary shall reduce the amount apportioned or 
allocated for a program, project, or activity under titles I 
and VI of this Act in fiscal year 2016 by amounts apportioned 
or allocated pursuant to any extension Act of MAP-21, including 
the amendments made by that extension Act, during the period 
beginning on October 1, 2015, and ending on the date of 
enactment of this Act. For purposes of making such reductions, 
funds set aside pursuant to section 133(h) of title 23, United 
States Code, as amended by this Act, shall be reduced by the 
amount set aside pursuant to section 213 of such title, as in 
effect on the day before the date of enactment of this Act.

SEC. 1003. EFFECTIVE DATE.

    Except as otherwise provided, this division, including the 
amendments made by this division, takes effect on October 1, 
2015.

SEC. 1004. REFERENCES.

    Except as expressly provided otherwise, any reference to 
``this Act'' contained in this division shall be treated as 
referring only to the provisions of this division.

                     TITLE I--FEDERAL-AID HIGHWAYS

                Subtitle A--Authorizations and Programs

SEC. 1101. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

    (a) In General.--The following sums are authorized to be 
appropriated out of the Highway Trust Fund (other than the Mass 
Transit Account):
            (1) Federal-aid highway program.--For the national 
        highway performance program under section 119 of title 
        23, United States Code, the surface transportation 
        block grant program under section 133 of that title, 
        the highway safety improvement program under section 
        148 of that title, the congestion mitigation and air 
        quality improvement program under section 149 of that 
        title, the national highway freight program under 
        section 167 of that title, and to carry out section 134 
        of that title--
                    (A) $39,727,500,000 for fiscal year 2016;
                    (B) $40,547,805,000 for fiscal year 2017;
                    (C) $41,424,020,075 for fiscal year 2018;
                    (D) $42,358,903,696 for fiscal year 2019; 
                and
                    (E) $43,373,294,311 for fiscal year 2020.
            (2) Transportation infrastructure finance and 
        innovation program.--For credit assistance under the 
        transportation infrastructure finance and innovation 
        program under chapter 6 of title 23, United States 
        Code--
                    (A) $275,000,000 for fiscal year 2016;
                    (B) $275,000,000 for fiscal year 2017;
                    (C) $285,000,000 for fiscal year 2018;
                    (D) $300,000,000 for fiscal year 2019; and
                    (E) $300,000,000 for fiscal year 2020.
            (3) Federal lands and tribal transportation 
        programs.--
                    (A) Tribal transportation program.--For the 
                tribal transportation program under section 202 
                of title 23, United States Code--
                            (i) $465,000,000 for fiscal year 
                        2016;
                            (ii) $475,000,000 for fiscal year 
                        2017;
                            (iii) $485,000,000 for fiscal year 
                        2018;
                            (iv) $495,000,000 for fiscal year 
                        2019; and
                            (v) $505,000,000 for fiscal year 
                        2020.
                    (B) Federal lands transportation program.--
                            (i) In general.--For the Federal 
                        lands transportation program under 
                        section 203 of title 23, United States 
                        Code--
                                    (I) $335,000,000 for fiscal 
                                year 2016;
                                    (II) $345,000,000 for 
                                fiscal year 2017;
                                    (III) $355,000,000 for 
                                fiscal year 2018;
                                    (IV) $365,000,000 for 
                                fiscal year 2019; and
                                    (V) $375,000,000 for fiscal 
                                year 2020.
                            (ii) Allocation.--Of the amount 
                        made available for a fiscal year under 
                        clause (i)--
                                    (I) the amount for the 
                                National Park Service is--
                                            (aa) $268,000,000 
                                        for fiscal year 2016;
                                            (bb) $276,000,000 
                                        for fiscal year 2017;
                                            (cc) $284,000,000 
                                        for fiscal year 2018;
                                            (dd) $292,000,000 
                                        for fiscal year 2019; 
                                        and
                                            (ee) $300,000,000 
                                        for fiscal year 2020.
                                    (II) the amount for the 
                                United States Fish and Wildlife 
                                Service is $30,000,000 for each 
                                of fiscal years 2016 through 
                                2020; and
                                    (III) the amount for the 
                                United States Forest Service 
                                is--
                                            (aa) $15,000,000 
                                        for fiscal year 2016;
                                            (bb) $16,000,000 
                                        for fiscal year 2017;
                                            (cc) $17,000,000 
                                        for fiscal year 2018;
                                            (dd) $18,000,000 
                                        for fiscal year 2019; 
                                        and
                                            (ee) $19,000,000 
                                        for fiscal year 2020.
                    (C) Federal lands access program.--For the 
                Federal lands access program under section 204 
                of title 23, United States Code--
                            (i) $250,000,000 for fiscal year 
                        2016;
                            (ii) $255,000,000 for fiscal year 
                        2017;
                            (iii) $260,000,000 for fiscal year 
                        2018;
                            (iv) $265,000,000 for fiscal year 
                        2019; and
                            (v) $270,000,000 for fiscal year 
                        2020.
            (4) Territorial and puerto rico highway program.--
        For the territorial and Puerto Rico highway program 
        under section 165 of title 23, United States Code, 
        $200,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2016 through 
        2020.
            (5) Nationally significant freight and highway 
        projects.--For nationally significant freight and 
        highway projects under section 117 of title 23, United 
        States Code--
                    (A) $800,000,000 for fiscal year 2016;
                    (B) $850,000,000 for fiscal year 2017;
                    (C) $900,000,000 for fiscal year 2018;
                    (D) $950,000,000 for fiscal year 2019; and
                    (E) $1,000,000,000 for fiscal year 2020.
    (b) Disadvantaged Business Enterprises.--
            (1) Findings.--Congress finds that--
                    (A) while significant progress has occurred 
                due to the establishment of the disadvantaged 
                business enterprise program, discrimination and 
                related barriers continue to pose significant 
                obstacles for minority- and women-owned 
                businesses seeking to do business in federally 
                assisted surface transportation markets across 
                the United States;
                    (B) the continuing barriers described in 
                subparagraph (A) merit the continuation of the 
                disadvantaged business enterprise program;
                    (C) Congress has received and reviewed 
                testimony and documentation of race and gender 
                discrimination from numerous sources, including 
                congressional hearings and roundtables, 
                scientific reports, reports issued by public 
                and private agencies, news stories, reports of 
                discrimination by organizations and 
                individuals, and discrimination lawsuits, which 
                show that race- and gender-neutral efforts 
                alone are insufficient to address the problem;
                    (D) the testimony and documentation 
                described in subparagraph (C) demonstrate that 
                discrimination across the United States poses a 
                barrier to full and fair participation in 
                surface transportation-related businesses of 
                women business owners and minority business 
                owners and has impacted firm development and 
                many aspects of surface transportation-related 
                business in the public and private markets; and
                    (E) the testimony and documentation 
                described in subparagraph (C) provide a strong 
                basis that there is a compelling need for the 
                continuation of the disadvantaged business 
                enterprise program to address race and gender 
                discrimination in surface transportation-
                related business.
            (2) Definitions.--In this subsection, the following 
        definitions apply:
                    (A) Small business concern.--
                            (i) In general.--The term ``small 
                        business concern'' means a small 
                        business concern (as the term is used 
                        in section 3 of the Small Business Act 
                        (15 U.S.C. 632)).
                            (ii) Exclusions.--The term ``small 
                        business concern'' does not include any 
                        concern or group of concerns controlled 
                        by the same socially and economically 
                        disadvantaged individual or individuals 
                        that have average annual gross receipts 
                        during the preceding 3 fiscal years in 
                        excess of $23,980,000, as adjusted 
                        annually by the Secretary for 
                        inflation.
                    (B) Socially and economically disadvantaged 
                individuals.--The term ``socially and 
                economically disadvantaged individuals'' has 
                the meaning given the term in section 8(d) of 
                the Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 637(d)) and 
                relevant subcontracting regulations issued 
                pursuant to that Act, except that women shall 
                be presumed to be socially and economically 
                disadvantaged individuals for purposes of this 
                subsection.
            (3) Amounts for small business concerns.--Except to 
        the extent that the Secretary determines otherwise, not 
        less than 10 percent of the amounts made available for 
        any program under titles I, II, III, and VI of this Act 
        and section 403 of title 23, United States Code, shall 
        be expended through small business concerns owned and 
        controlled by socially and economically disadvantaged 
        individuals.
            (4) Annual listing of disadvantaged business 
        enterprises.--Each State shall annually--
                    (A) survey and compile a list of the small 
                business concerns referred to in paragraph (3) 
                in the State, including the location of the 
                small business concerns in the State; and
                    (B) notify the Secretary, in writing, of 
                the percentage of the small business concerns 
                that are controlled by--
                            (i) women;
                            (ii) socially and economically 
                        disadvantaged individuals (other than 
                        women); and
                            (iii) individuals who are women and 
                        are otherwise socially and economically 
                        disadvantaged individuals.
            (5) Uniform certification.--
                    (A) In general.--The Secretary shall 
                establish minimum uniform criteria for use by 
                State governments in certifying whether a 
                concern qualifies as a small business concern 
                for the purpose of this subsection.
                    (B) Inclusions.--The minimum uniform 
                criteria established under subparagraph (A) 
                shall include, with respect to a potential 
                small business concern--
                            (i) on-site visits;
                            (ii) personal interviews with 
                        personnel;
                            (iii) issuance or inspection of 
                        licenses;
                            (iv) analyses of stock ownership;
                            (v) listings of equipment;
                            (vi) analyses of bonding capacity;
                            (vii) listings of work completed;
                            (viii) examination of the resumes 
                        of principal owners;
                            (ix) analyses of financial 
                        capacity; and
                            (x) analyses of the type of work 
                        preferred.
            (6) Reporting.--The Secretary shall establish 
        minimum requirements for use by State governments in 
        reporting to the Secretary--
                    (A) information concerning disadvantaged 
                business enterprise awards, commitments, and 
                achievements; and
                    (B) such other information as the Secretary 
                determines to be appropriate for the proper 
                monitoring of the disadvantaged business 
                enterprise program.
            (7) Compliance with court orders.--Nothing in this 
        subsection limits the eligibility of an individual or 
        entity to receive funds made available under titles I, 
        II, III, and VI of this Act and section 403 of title 
        23, United States Code, if the entity or person is 
        prevented, in whole or in part, from complying with 
        paragraph (3) because a Federal court issues a final 
        order in which the court finds that a requirement or 
        the implementation of paragraph (3) is 
        unconstitutional.
            (8) Sense of congress on prompt payment of dbe 
        subcontractors.--It is the sense of Congress that--
                    (A) the Secretary should take additional 
                steps to ensure that recipients comply with 
                section 26.29 of title 49, Code of Federal 
                Regulations (the disadvantaged business 
                enterprises prompt payment rule), or any 
                corresponding regulation, in awarding federally 
                funded transportation contracts under laws and 
                regulations administered by the Secretary; and
                    (B) such additional steps should include 
                increasing the Department's ability to track 
                and keep records of complaints and to make that 
                information publicly available.

SEC. 1102. OBLIGATION CEILING.

    (a) General Limitation.--Subject to subsection (e), and 
notwithstanding any other provision of law, the obligations for 
Federal-aid highway and highway safety construction programs 
shall not exceed--
            (1) $42,361,000,000 for fiscal year 2016;
            (2) $43,266,100,000 for fiscal year 2017;
            (3) $44,234,212,000 for fiscal year 2018;
            (4) $45,268,596,000 for fiscal year 2019; and
            (5) $46,365,092,000 for fiscal year 2020.
    (b) Exceptions.--The limitations under subsection (a) shall 
not apply to obligations under or for--
            (1) section 125 of title 23, United States Code;
            (2) section 147 of the Surface Transportation 
        Assistance Act of 1978 (23 U.S.C. 144 note; 92 Stat. 
        2714);
            (3) section 9 of the Federal-Aid Highway Act of 
        1981 (95 Stat. 1701);
            (4) subsections (b) and (j) of section 131 of the 
        Surface Transportation Assistance Act of 1982 (96 Stat. 
        2119);
            (5) subsections (b) and (c) of section 149 of the 
        Surface Transportation and Uniform Relocation 
        Assistance Act of 1987 (101 Stat. 198);
            (6) sections 1103 through 1108 of the Intermodal 
        Surface Transportation Efficiency Act of 1991 (105 
        Stat. 2027);
            (7) section 157 of title 23, United States Code (as 
        in effect on June 8, 1998);
            (8) section 105 of title 23, United States Code (as 
        in effect for fiscal years 1998 through 2004, but only 
        in an amount equal to $639,000,000 for each of those 
        fiscal years);
            (9) Federal-aid highway programs for which 
        obligation authority was made available under the 
        Transportation Equity Act for the 21st Century (112 
        Stat. 107) or subsequent Acts for multiple years or to 
        remain available until expended, but only to the extent 
        that the obligation authority has not lapsed or been 
        used;
            (10) section 105 of title 23, United States Code 
        (as in effect for fiscal years 2005 through 2012, but 
        only in an amount equal to $639,000,000 for each of 
        those fiscal years);
            (11) section 1603 of SAFETEA-LU (23 U.S.C. 118 
        note; 119 Stat. 1248), to the extent that funds 
        obligated in accordance with that section were not 
        subject to a limitation on obligations at the time at 
        which the funds were initially made available for 
        obligation;
            (12) section 119 of title 23, United States Code 
        (as in effect for fiscal years 2013 through 2015, but 
        only in an amount equal to $639,000,000 for each of 
        those fiscal years); and
            (13) section 119 of title 23, United States Code 
        (but, for fiscal years 2016 through 2020, only in an 
        amount equal to $639,000,000 for each of those fiscal 
        years).
    (c) Distribution of Obligation Authority.--For each of 
fiscal years 2016 through 2020, the Secretary--
            (1) shall not distribute obligation authority 
        provided by subsection (a) for the fiscal year for--
                    (A) amounts authorized for administrative 
                expenses and programs by section 104(a) of 
                title 23, United States Code; and
                    (B) amounts authorized for the Bureau of 
                Transportation Statistics;
            (2) shall not distribute an amount of obligation 
        authority provided by subsection (a) that is equal to 
        the unobligated balance of amounts--
                    (A) made available from the Highway Trust 
                Fund (other than the Mass Transit Account) for 
                Federal-aid highway and highway safety 
                construction programs for previous fiscal years 
                the funds for which are allocated by the 
                Secretary (or apportioned by the Secretary 
                under section 202 or 204 of title 23, United 
                States Code); and
                    (B) for which obligation authority was 
                provided in a previous fiscal year;
            (3) shall determine the proportion that--
                    (A) the obligation authority provided by 
                subsection (a) for the fiscal year, less the 
                aggregate of amounts not distributed under 
                paragraphs (1) and (2) of this subsection; 
                bears to
                    (B) the total of the sums authorized to be 
                appropriated for the Federal-aid highway and 
                highway safety construction programs (other 
                than sums authorized to be appropriated for 
                provisions of law described in paragraphs (1) 
                through (12) of subsection (b) and sums 
                authorized to be appropriated for section 119 
                of title 23, United States Code, equal to the 
                amount referred to in subsection (b)(13) for 
                the fiscal year), less the aggregate of the 
                amounts not distributed under paragraphs (1) 
                and (2) of this subsection;
            (4) shall distribute the obligation authority 
        provided by subsection (a), less the aggregate amounts 
        not distributed under paragraphs (1) and (2), for each 
        of the programs (other than programs to which paragraph 
        (1) applies) that are allocated by the Secretary under 
        this Act and title 23, United States Code, or 
        apportioned by the Secretary under sections 202 or 204 
        of that title, by multiplying--
                    (A) the proportion determined under 
                paragraph (3); by
                    (B) the amounts authorized to be 
                appropriated for each such program for the 
                fiscal year; and
            (5) shall distribute the obligation authority 
        provided by subsection (a), less the aggregate amounts 
        not distributed under paragraphs (1) and (2) and the 
        amounts distributed under paragraph (4), for Federal-
        aid highway and highway safety construction programs 
        that are apportioned by the Secretary under title 23, 
        United States Code (other than the amounts apportioned 
        for the national highway performance program in section 
        119 of title 23, United States Code, that are exempt 
        from the limitation under subsection (b)(13) and the 
        amounts apportioned under sections 202 and 204 of that 
        title) in the proportion that--
                    (A) amounts authorized to be appropriated 
                for the programs that are apportioned under 
                title 23, United States Code, to each State for 
                the fiscal year; bears to
                    (B) the total of the amounts authorized to 
                be appropriated for the programs that are 
                apportioned under title 23, United States Code, 
                to all States for the fiscal year.
    (d) Redistribution of Unused Obligation Authority.--
Notwithstanding subsection (c), the Secretary shall, after 
August 1 of each of fiscal years 2016 through 2020--
            (1) revise a distribution of the obligation 
        authority made available under subsection (c) if an 
        amount distributed cannot be obligated during that 
        fiscal year; and
            (2) redistribute sufficient amounts to those States 
        able to obligate amounts in addition to those 
        previously distributed during that fiscal year, giving 
        priority to those States having large unobligated 
        balances of funds apportioned under sections 144 (as in 
        effect on the day before the date of enactment of MAP-
        21 (Public Law 112-141)) and 104 of title 23, United 
        States Code.
    (e) Applicability of Obligation Limitations to 
Transportation Research Programs.--
            (1) In general.--Except as provided in paragraph 
        (2), obligation limitations imposed by subsection (a) 
        shall apply to contract authority for transportation 
        research programs carried out under--
                    (A) chapter 5 of title 23, United States 
                Code; and
                    (B) title VI of this Act.
            (2) Exception.--Obligation authority made available 
        under paragraph (1) shall--
                    (A) remain available for a period of 4 
                fiscal years; and
                    (B) be in addition to the amount of any 
                limitation imposed on obligations for Federal-
                aid highway and highway safety construction 
                programs for future fiscal years.
    (f) Redistribution of Certain Authorized Funds.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than 30 days after the 
        date of distribution of obligation authority under 
        subsection (c) for each of fiscal years 2016 through 
        2020, the Secretary shall distribute to the States any 
        funds (excluding funds authorized for the program under 
        section 202 of title 23, United States Code) that--
                    (A) are authorized to be appropriated for 
                the fiscal year for Federal-aid highway 
                programs; and
                    (B) the Secretary determines will not be 
                allocated to the States (or will not be 
                apportioned to the States under section 204 of 
                title 23, United States Code), and will not be 
                available for obligation, for the fiscal year 
                because of the imposition of any obligation 
                limitation for the fiscal year.
            (2) Ratio.--Funds shall be distributed under 
        paragraph (1) in the same proportion as the 
        distribution of obligation authority under subsection 
        (c)(5).
            (3) Availability.--Funds distributed to each State 
        under paragraph (1) shall be available for any purpose 
        described in section 133(b) of title 23, United States 
        Code.

SEC. 1103. DEFINITIONS.

    Section 101(a) of title 23, United States Code, is 
amended--
            (1) by striking paragraph (29);
            (2) by redesignating paragraphs (15) through (28) 
        as paragraphs (16) through (29), respectively; and
            (3) by inserting after paragraph (14) the 
        following:
            ``(15) National highway freight network.--The term 
        `National Highway Freight Network' means the National 
        Highway Freight Network established under section 
        167.''.

SEC. 1104. APPORTIONMENT.

    (a) Administrative Expenses.--Section 104(a)(1) of title 
23, United States Code, is amended to read as follows:
            ``(1) In general.--There is authorized to be 
        appropriated from the Highway Trust Fund (other than 
        the Mass Transit Account) to be made available to the 
        Secretary for administrative expenses of the Federal 
        Highway Administration--
                    ``(A) $453,000,000 for fiscal year 2016;
                    ``(B) $459,795,000 for fiscal year 2017;
                    ``(C) $466,691,925 for fiscal year 2018;
                    ``(D) $473,692,304 for fiscal year 2019; 
                and
                    ``(E) $480,797,689 for fiscal year 2020.''.
    (b) Division Among Programs of State's Share of Base 
Apportionment.--Section 104(b) of title 23, United States Code, 
is amended--
            (1) by striking ``(b) Division of'' and all that 
        follows before paragraph (1) and inserting the 
        following:
    ``(b) Division Among Programs of State's Share of Base 
Apportionment.--The Secretary shall distribute the amount of 
the base apportionment apportioned to a State for a fiscal year 
under subsection (c) among the national highway performance 
program, the surface transportation block grant program, the 
highway safety improvement program, the congestion mitigation 
and air quality improvement program, the national highway 
freight program, and to carry out section 134 as follows:'';
            (2) in paragraphs (1), (2), and (3) by striking 
        ``paragraphs (4) and (5)'' each place it appears and 
        inserting ``paragraphs (4), (5), and (6)'';
            (3) in paragraph (2)--
                    (A) in the paragraph heading by striking 
                ``Surface transportation program'' and 
                inserting ``Surface transportation block grant 
                program''; and
                    (B) by striking ``surface transportation 
                program'' and inserting ``surface 
                transportation block grant program'';
            (4) in paragraph (4), in the matter preceding 
        subparagraph (A), by striking ``the amount determined 
        for the State under subsection (c)'' and inserting 
        ``the amount of the base apportionment remaining for 
        the State under subsection (c) after making the set 
        aside in accordance with paragraph (5)'';
            (5) by redesignating paragraph (5) as paragraph 
        (6);
            (6) by inserting after paragraph (4) the following:
            ``(5) National highway freight program.--
                    ``(A) In general.--For the national highway 
                freight program under section 167, the 
                Secretary shall set aside from the base 
                apportionment determined for a State under 
                subsection (c) an amount determined for the 
                State under subparagraphs (B) and (C).
                    ``(B) Total amount.--The total amount set 
                aside for the national highway freight program 
                for all States shall be--
                            ``(i) $1,150,000,000 for fiscal 
                        year 2016;
                            ``(ii) $1,100,000,000 for fiscal 
                        year 2017;
                            ``(iii) $1,200,000,000 for fiscal 
                        year 2018;
                            ``(iv) $1,350,000,000 for fiscal 
                        year 2019; and
                            ``(v) $1,500,000,000 for fiscal 
                        year 2020.
                    ``(C) State share.--For each fiscal year, 
                the Secretary shall distribute among the States 
                the total set-aside amount for the national 
                highway freight program under subparagraph (B) 
                so that each State receives the amount equal to 
                the proportion that--
                            ``(i) the total base apportionment 
                        determined for the State under 
                        subsection (c); bears to
                            ``(ii) the total base 
                        apportionments for all States under 
                        subsection (c).
                    ``(D) Metropolitan planning.--Of the amount 
                set aside under this paragraph for a State, the 
                Secretary shall use to carry out section 134 an 
                amount determined by multiplying the set-aside 
                amount by the proportion that--
                            ``(i) the amount apportioned to the 
                        State to carry out section 134 for 
                        fiscal year 2009; bears to
                            ``(ii) the total amount of funds 
                        apportioned to the State for that 
                        fiscal year for the programs referred 
                        to in section 105(a)(2) (except for the 
                        high priority projects program referred 
                        to in section 105(a)(2)(H)), as in 
                        effect on the day before the date of 
                        enactment of MAP-21 (Public Law 112-
                        141; 126 Stat. 405).''; and
            (7) in paragraph (6) (as so redesignated), in the 
        matter preceding subparagraph (A), by striking ``the 
        amount determined for the State under subsection (c)'' 
        and inserting ``the amount of the base apportionment 
        remaining for a State under subsection (c) after making 
        the set aside in accordance with paragraph (5)''.
    (c) Calculation of State Amounts.--Section 104(c) of title 
23, United States Code, is amended to read as follows:
    ``(c) Calculation of Amounts.--
            ``(1) State share.--For each of fiscal years 2016 
        through 2020, the amount for each State shall be 
        determined as follows:
                    ``(A) Initial amounts.--The initial amounts 
                for each State shall be determined by 
                multiplying--
                            ``(i) each of--
                                    ``(I) the base 
                                apportionment;
                                    ``(II) supplemental funds 
                                reserved under subsection 
                                (h)(1) for the national highway 
                                performance program; and
                                    ``(III) supplemental funds 
                                reserved under subsection 
                                (h)(2) for the surface 
                                transportation block grant 
                                program; by
                            ``(ii) the share for each State, 
                        which shall be equal to the proportion 
                        that--
                                    ``(I) the amount of 
                                apportionments that the State 
                                received for fiscal year 2015; 
                                bears to
                                    ``(II) the amount of those 
                                apportionments received by all 
                                States for that fiscal year.
                    ``(B) Adjustments to amounts.--The initial 
                amounts resulting from the calculation under 
                subparagraph (A) shall be adjusted to ensure 
                that each State receives an aggregate 
                apportionment equal to at least 95 percent of 
                the estimated tax payments attributable to 
                highway users in the State paid into the 
                Highway Trust Fund (other than the Mass Transit 
                Account) in the most recent fiscal year for 
                which data are available.
            ``(2) State apportionment.--On October 1 of fiscal 
        years 2016 through 2020, the Secretary shall apportion 
        the sums authorized to be appropriated for expenditure 
        on the national highway performance program under 
        section 119, the surface transportation block grant 
        program under section 133, the highway safety 
        improvement program under section 148, the congestion 
        mitigation and air quality improvement program under 
        section 149, the national highway freight program under 
        section 167, and to carry out section 134 in accordance 
        with paragraph (1).''.
    (d) Supplemental Funds.--Section 104 of title 23, United 
States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following:
    ``(h) Supplemental Funds.--
            ``(1) Supplemental funds for national highway 
        performance program.--
                    ``(A) Amount.--Before making an 
                apportionment for a fiscal year under 
                subsection (c), the Secretary shall reserve for 
                the national highway performance program under 
                section 119 for that fiscal year an amount 
                equal to--
                            ``(i) $53,596,122 for fiscal year 
                        2019; and
                            ``(ii) $66,717,816 for fiscal year 
                        2020.
                    ``(B) Treatment of funds.--Funds reserved 
                under subparagraph (A) and apportioned to a 
                State under subsection (c) shall be treated as 
                if apportioned under subsection (b)(1), and 
                shall be in addition to amounts apportioned 
                under that subsection.
            ``(2) Supplemental funds for surface transportation 
        block grant program.--
                    ``(A) Amount.--Before making an 
                apportionment for a fiscal year under 
                subsection (c), the Secretary shall reserve for 
                the surface transportation block grant program 
                under section 133 for that fiscal year an 
                amount equal to--
                            ``(i) $835,000,000 for each of 
                        fiscal years 2016 and 2017 pursuant to 
                        section 133(h), plus--
                                    ``(I) $55,426,310 for 
                                fiscal year 2016; and
                                    ``(II) $89,289,904 for 
                                fiscal year 2017; and
                            ``(ii) $850,000,000 for each of 
                        fiscal years 2018 through 2020 pursuant 
                        to section 133(h), plus--
                                    ``(I) $118,013,536 for 
                                fiscal year 2018;
                                    ``(II) $130,688,367 for 
                                fiscal year 2019; and
                                    ``(III) $170,053,448 for 
                                fiscal year 2020.
                    ``(B) Treatment of funds.--Funds reserved 
                under subparagraph (A) and apportioned to a 
                State under subsection (c) shall be treated as 
                if apportioned under subsection (b)(2), and 
                shall be in addition to amounts apportioned 
                under that subsection.
    ``(i) Base Apportionment Defined.--In this section, the 
term `base apportionment' means--
            ``(1) the combined amount authorized for 
        appropriation for the national highway performance 
        program under section 119, the surface transportation 
        block grant program under section 133, the highway 
        safety improvement program under section 148, the 
        congestion mitigation and air quality improvement 
        program under section 149, the national highway freight 
        program under section 167, and to carry out section 
        134; minus
            ``(2) supplemental funds reserved under subsection 
        (h) for the national highway performance program and 
        the surface transportation block grant program.''.
    (e) Conforming Amendments.--
            (1) Section 104(d)(1)(A) of title 23, United States 
        Code, is amended by striking ``subsection (b)(5)'' each 
        place it appears and inserting ``paragraphs (5)(D) and 
        (6) of subsection (b)''.
            (2) Section 120(c)(3) of title 23, United States 
        Code, is amended--
                    (A) in subparagraph (A) in the matter 
                preceding clause (i), by striking ``or (5)'' 
                and inserting ``(5)(D), or (6)''; and
                    (B) in subparagraph (C)(i) by striking 
                ``and (5)'' and inserting ``(5)(D), and (6)''.
            (3) Section 135(i) of title 23, United States Code, 
        is amended by striking ``section 104(b)(5)'' and 
        inserting ``paragraphs (5)(D) and (6) of section 
        104(b)''.
            (4) Section 136(b) of title 23, United States Code, 
        is amended in the first sentence by striking 
        ``paragraphs (1) through (5) of section 104(b)'' and 
        inserting ``paragraphs (1) through (6) of section 
        104(b)''.
            (5) Section 141(b)(2) of title 23, United States 
        Code, is amended by striking ``paragraphs (1) through 
        (5) of section 104(b)'' and inserting ``paragraphs (1) 
        through (6) of section 104(b)''.
            (6) Section 505(a) of title 23, United States Code, 
        is amended in the matter preceding paragraph (1) by 
        striking ``through (4)'' and inserting ``through (5)''.

SEC. 1105. NATIONALLY SIGNIFICANT FREIGHT AND HIGHWAY PROJECTS.

    (a) In General.--Title 23, United States Code, is amended 
by inserting after section 116 the following:

``Sec. 117. Nationally significant freight and highway projects

    ``(a) Establishment.--
            ``(1) In general.--There is established a 
        nationally significant freight and highway projects 
        program to provide financial assistance for projects of 
        national or regional significance.
            ``(2) Goals.--The goals of the program shall be 
        to--
                    ``(A) improve the safety, efficiency, and 
                reliability of the movement of freight and 
                people;
                    ``(B) generate national or regional 
                economic benefits and an increase in the global 
                economic competitiveness of the United States;
                    ``(C) reduce highway congestion and 
                bottlenecks;
                    ``(D) improve connectivity between modes of 
                freight transportation;
                    ``(E) enhance the resiliency of critical 
                highway infrastructure and help protect the 
                environment;
                    ``(F) improve roadways vital to national 
                energy security; and
                    ``(G) address the impact of population 
                growth on the movement of people and freight.
    ``(b) Grant Authority.--
            ``(1) In general.--In carrying out the program 
        established in subsection (a), the Secretary may make 
        grants, on a competitive basis, in accordance with this 
        section.
            ``(2) Grant amount.--Except as otherwise provided, 
        each grant made under this section shall be in an 
        amount that is at least $25,000,000.
    ``(c) Eligible Applicants.--
            ``(1) In general.--The Secretary may make a grant 
        under this section to the following:
                    ``(A) A State or a group of States.
                    ``(B) A metropolitan planning organization 
                that serves an urbanized area (as defined by 
                the Bureau of the Census) with a population of 
                more than 200,000 individuals.
                    ``(C) A unit of local government or a group 
                of local governments.
                    ``(D) A political subdivision of a State or 
                local government.
                    ``(E) A special purpose district or public 
                authority with a transportation function, 
                including a port authority.
                    ``(F) A Federal land management agency that 
                applies jointly with a State or group of 
                States.
                    ``(G) A tribal government or a consortium 
                of tribal governments.
                    ``(H) A multistate or multijurisdictional 
                group of entities described in this paragraph.
            ``(2) Applications.--To be eligible for a grant 
        under this section, an entity specified in paragraph 
        (1) shall submit to the Secretary an application in 
        such form, at such time, and containing such 
        information as the Secretary determines is appropriate.
    ``(d) Eligible Projects.--
            ``(1) In general.--Except as provided in subsection 
        (e), the Secretary may make a grant under this section 
        only for a project that--
                    ``(A) is--
                            ``(i) a highway freight project 
                        carried out on the National Highway 
                        Freight Network established under 
                        section 167;
                            ``(ii) a highway or bridge project 
                        carried out on the National Highway 
                        System, including--
                                    ``(I) a project to add 
                                capacity to the Interstate 
                                System to improve mobility; or
                                    ``(II) a project in a 
                                national scenic area;
                            ``(iii) a freight project that is--
                                    ``(I) a freight intermodal 
                                or freight rail project; or
                                    ``(II) within the 
                                boundaries of a public or 
                                private freight rail, water 
                                (including ports), or 
                                intermodal facility and that is 
                                a surface transportation 
                                infrastructure project 
                                necessary to facilitate direct 
                                intermodal interchange, 
                                transfer, or access into or out 
                                of the facility; or
                            ``(iv) a railway-highway grade 
                        crossing or grade separation project; 
                        and
                    ``(B) has eligible project costs that are 
                reasonably anticipated to equal or exceed the 
                lesser of--
                            ``(i) $100,000,000; or
                            ``(ii) in the case of a project--
                                    ``(I) located in 1 State, 
                                30 percent of the amount 
                                apportioned under this chapter 
                                to the State in the most 
                                recently completed fiscal year; 
                                or
                                    ``(II) located in more than 
                                1 State, 50 percent of the 
                                amount apportioned under this 
                                chapter to the participating 
                                State with the largest 
                                apportionment under this 
                                chapter in the most recently 
                                completed fiscal year.
            ``(2) Limitation.--
                    ``(A) In general.--Not more than 
                $500,000,000 of the amounts made available for 
                grants under this section for fiscal years 2016 
                through 2020, in the aggregate, may be used to 
                make grants for projects described in paragraph 
                (1)(A)(iii) and such a project may only receive 
                a grant under this section if--
                            ``(i) the project will make a 
                        significant improvement to freight 
                        movements on the National Highway 
                        Freight Network; and
                            ``(ii) the Federal share of the 
                        project funds only elements of the 
                        project that provide public benefits.
                    ``(B) Exclusions.--The limitation under 
                subparagraph (A)--
                            ``(i) shall not apply to a railway-
                        highway grade crossing or grade 
                        separation project; and
                            ``(ii) with respect to a multimodal 
                        project, shall apply only to the non-
                        highway portion or portions of the 
                        project.
    ``(e) Small Projects.--
            ``(1) In general.--The Secretary shall reserve 10 
        percent of the amounts made available for grants under 
        this section each fiscal year to make grants for 
        projects described in subsection (d)(1)(A) that do not 
        satisfy the minimum threshold under subsection 
        (d)(1)(B).
            ``(2) Grant amount.--Each grant made under this 
        subsection shall be in an amount that is at least 
        $5,000,000.
            ``(3) Project selection considerations.--In 
        addition to other applicable requirements, in making 
        grants under this subsection the Secretary shall 
        consider--
                    ``(A) the cost effectiveness of the 
                proposed project; and
                    ``(B) the effect of the proposed project on 
                mobility in the State and region in which the 
                project is carried out.
    ``(f) Eligible Project Costs.--Grant amounts received for a 
project under this section may be used for--
            ``(1) development phase activities, including 
        planning, feasibility analysis, revenue forecasting, 
        environmental review, preliminary engineering and 
        design work, and other preconstruction activities; and
            ``(2) construction, reconstruction, rehabilitation, 
        acquisition of real property (including land related to 
        the project and improvements to the land), 
        environmental mitigation, construction contingencies, 
        acquisition of equipment, and operational improvements 
        directly related to improving system performance.
    ``(g) Project Requirements.--The Secretary may select a 
project described under this section (other than subsection 
(e)) for funding under this section only if the Secretary 
determines that--
            ``(1) the project will generate national or 
        regional economic, mobility, or safety benefits;
            ``(2) the project will be cost effective;
            ``(3) the project will contribute to the 
        accomplishment of 1 or more of the national goals 
        described under section 150 of this title;
            ``(4) the project is based on the results of 
        preliminary engineering;
            ``(5) with respect to related non-Federal financial 
        commitments--
                    ``(A) 1 or more stable and dependable 
                sources of funding and financing are available 
                to construct, maintain, and operate the 
                project; and
                    ``(B) contingency amounts are available to 
                cover unanticipated cost increases;
            ``(6) the project cannot be easily and efficiently 
        completed without other Federal funding or financial 
        assistance available to the project sponsor; and
            ``(7) the project is reasonably expected to begin 
        construction not later than 18 months after the date of 
        obligation of funds for the project.
    ``(h) Additional Considerations.--In making a grant under 
this section, the Secretary shall consider--
            ``(1) utilization of nontraditional financing, 
        innovative design and construction techniques, or 
        innovative technologies;
            ``(2) utilization of non-Federal contributions; and
            ``(3) contributions to geographic diversity among 
        grant recipients, including the need for a balance 
        between the needs of rural and urban communities.
    ``(i) Rural Areas.--
            ``(1) In general.--The Secretary shall reserve not 
        less than 25 percent of the amounts made available for 
        grants under this section, including the amounts made 
        available under subsection (e), each fiscal year to 
        make grants for projects located in rural areas.
            ``(2) Excess funding.--In any fiscal year in which 
        qualified applications for grants under this subsection 
        will not allow for the amount reserved under paragraph 
        (1) to be fully utilized, the Secretary shall use the 
        unutilized amounts to make other grants under this 
        section.
            ``(3) Rural area defined.--In this subsection, the 
        term `rural area' means an area that is outside an 
        urbanized area with a population of over 200,000.
    ``(j) Federal Share.--
            ``(1) In general.--The Federal share of the cost of 
        a project assisted with a grant under this section may 
        not exceed 60 percent.
            ``(2) Maximum federal involvement.--Federal 
        assistance other than a grant under this section may be 
        used to satisfy the non-Federal share of the cost of a 
        project for which such a grant is made, except that the 
        total Federal assistance provided for a project 
        receiving a grant under this section may not exceed 80 
        percent of the total project cost.
            ``(3) Federal land management agencies.--
        Notwithstanding any other provision of law, any Federal 
        funds other than those made available under this title 
        or title 49 may be used to pay the non-Federal share of 
        the cost of a project carried out under this section by 
        a Federal land management agency, as described under 
        subsection (c)(1)(F).
    ``(k) Treatment of Freight Projects.--Notwithstanding any 
other provision of law, a freight project carried out under 
this section shall be treated as if the project is located on a 
Federal-aid highway.
    ``(l) TIFIA Program.--At the request of an eligible 
applicant under this section, the Secretary may use amounts 
awarded to the entity to pay subsidy and administrative costs 
necessary to provide the entity Federal credit assistance under 
chapter 6 with respect to the project for which the grant was 
awarded.
    ``(m) Congressional Notification.--
            ``(1) Notification.--
                    ``(A) In general.--At least 60 days before 
                making a grant for a project under this 
                section, the Secretary shall notify, in 
                writing, the Committee on Transportation and 
                Infrastructure of the House of Representatives 
                and the Committee on Environment and Public 
                Works of the Senate of the proposed grant. The 
                notification shall include an evaluation and 
                justification for the project and the amount of 
                the proposed grant award.
                    ``(B) Multimodal projects.--In addition to 
                the notice required under subparagraph (A), the 
                Secretary shall notify the Committee on 
                Commerce, Science, and Transportation of the 
                Senate before making a grant for a project 
                described in subsection (d)(1)(A)(iii).
            ``(2) Congressional disapproval.--The Secretary may 
        not make a grant or any other obligation or commitment 
        to fund a project under this section if a joint 
        resolution is enacted disapproving funding for the 
        project before the last day of the 60-day period 
        described in paragraph (1).
    ``(n) Reports.--
            ``(1) Annual report.--The Secretary shall make 
        available on the Web site of the Department of 
        Transportation at the end of each fiscal year an annual 
        report that lists each project for which a grant has 
        been provided under this section during that fiscal 
        year.
            ``(2) Comptroller general.--
                    ``(A) Assessment.--The Comptroller General 
                of the United States shall conduct an 
                assessment of the administrative establishment, 
                solicitation, selection, and justification 
                process with respect to the funding of grants 
                under this section.
                    ``(B) Report.--Not later than 1 year after 
                the initial awarding of grants under this 
                section, the Comptroller General shall submit 
                to the Committee on Environment and Public 
                Works of the Senate, the Committee on Commerce, 
                Science, and Transportation of the Senate, and 
                the Committee on Transportation and 
                Infrastructure of the House of Representatives 
                a report that describes--
                            ``(i) the adequacy and fairness of 
                        the process by which each project was 
                        selected, if applicable; and
                            ``(ii) the justification and 
                        criteria used for the selection of each 
                        project, if applicable.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The analysis for chapter 1 of 
title 23, United States Code, is amended by inserting after the 
item relating to section 116 the following:

``117. Nationally significant freight and highway projects.''.
    (c) Repeal.--Section 1301 of SAFETEA-LU (23 U.S.C. 101 
note), and the item relating to that section in the table of 
contents in section 1(b) of such Act, are repealed.

SEC. 1106. NATIONAL HIGHWAY PERFORMANCE PROGRAM.

    Section 119 of title 23, United States Code, is amended by 
adding at the end the following:
    ``(h) TIFIA Program.--Upon Secretarial approval of credit 
assistance under chapter 6, the Secretary, at the request of a 
State, may allow the State to use funds apportioned under 
section 104(b)(1) to pay subsidy and administrative costs 
necessary to provide an eligible entity Federal credit 
assistance under chapter 6 with respect to a project eligible 
for assistance under this section.
    ``(i) Additional Funding Eligibility for Certain Bridges.--
            ``(1) In general.--Funds apportioned to a State to 
        carry out the national highway performance program may 
        be obligated for a project for the reconstruction, 
        resurfacing, restoration, rehabilitation, or 
        preservation of a bridge not on the National Highway 
        System, if the bridge is on a Federal-aid highway.
            ``(2) Limitation.--A State required to make 
        obligations under subsection (f) shall ensure such 
        requirements are satisfied in order to use the 
        flexibility under paragraph (1).
    ``(j) Critical Infrastructure.--
            ``(1) Critical infrastructure defined.--In this 
        subsection, the term `critical infrastructure' means 
        those facilities the incapacity or failure of which 
        would have a debilitating impact on national or 
        regional economic security, national or regional energy 
        security, national or regional public health or safety, 
        or any combination of those matters.
            ``(2) Consideration.--The asset management plan of 
        a State may include consideration of critical 
        infrastructure from among those facilities in the State 
        that are eligible under subsection (c).
            ``(3) Risk reduction.--A State may use funds 
        apportioned under this section for projects intended to 
        reduce the risk of failure of critical infrastructure 
        in the State.''.

SEC. 1107. EMERGENCY RELIEF FOR FEDERALLY OWNED ROADS.

    (a) Eligibility.--Section 125(d)(3) of title 23, United 
States Code, is amended--
            (1) in subparagraph (A) by striking ``or'' at the 
        end;
            (2) in subparagraph (B) by striking the period at 
        the end and inserting ``; or''; and
            (3) by adding at the end the following:
                    ``(C) projects eligible for assistance 
                under this section located on tribal 
                transportation facilities, Federal lands 
                transportation facilities, or other federally 
                owned roads that are open to public travel (as 
                defined in subsection (e)(1)).''.
    (b) Definitions.--Section 125(e) of title 23, United States 
Code, is amended by striking paragraph (1) and inserting the 
following:
            ``(1) Definitions.--In this subsection, the 
        following definitions apply:
                    ``(A) Open to public travel.--The term 
                `open to public travel' means, with respect to 
                a road, that, except during scheduled periods, 
                extreme weather conditions, or emergencies, the 
                road--
                            ``(i) is maintained;
                            ``(ii) is open to the general 
                        public; and
                            ``(iii) can accommodate travel by a 
                        standard passenger vehicle, without 
                        restrictive gates or prohibitive signs 
                        or regulations, other than for general 
                        traffic control or restrictions based 
                        on size, weight, or class of 
                        registration.
                    ``(B) Standard passenger vehicle.--The term 
                `standard passenger vehicle' means a vehicle 
                with 6 inches of clearance from the lowest 
                point of the frame, body, suspension, or 
                differential to the ground.''.

SEC. 1108. RAILWAY-HIGHWAY GRADE CROSSINGS.

    Section 130(e)(1) of title 23, United States Code, is 
amended to read as follows:
            ``(1) In general.--
                    ``(A) Set aside.--Before making an 
                apportionment under section 104(b)(3) for a 
                fiscal year, the Secretary shall set aside, 
                from amounts made available to carry out the 
                highway safety improvement program under 
                section 148 for such fiscal year, for the 
                elimination of hazards and the installation of 
                protective devices at railway-highway crossings 
                at least--
                            ``(i) $225,000,000 for fiscal year 
                        2016;
                            ``(ii) $230,000,000 for fiscal year 
                        2017;
                            ``(iii) $235,000,000 for fiscal 
                        year 2018;
                            ``(iv) $240,000,000 for fiscal year 
                        2019; and
                            ``(v) $245,000,000 for fiscal year 
                        2020.
                    ``(B) Installation of protective devices.--
                At least \1/2\ of the funds set aside each 
                fiscal year under subparagraph (A) shall be 
                available for the installation of protective 
                devices at railway-highway crossings.
                    ``(C) Obligation availability.--Sums set 
                aside each fiscal year under subparagraph (A) 
                shall be available for obligation in the same 
                manner as funds apportioned under section 
                104(b)(1).''.

SEC. 1109. SURFACE TRANSPORTATION BLOCK GRANT PROGRAM.

    (a) Findings.--Congress finds that--
            (1) the benefits of the surface transportation 
        block grant program accrue principally to the residents 
        of each State and municipality where the funds are 
        obligated;
            (2) decisions about how funds should be obligated 
        are best determined by the States and municipalities to 
        respond to unique local circumstances and implement the 
        most efficient solutions; and
            (3) reforms of the program to promote flexibility 
        will enhance State and local control over 
        transportation decisions.
    (b) Surface Transportation Block Grant Program.--Section 
133 of title 23, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) by striking subsections (a), (b), (c), and (d) 
        and inserting the following:
    ``(a) Establishment.--The Secretary shall establish a 
surface transportation block grant program in accordance with 
this section to provide flexible funding to address State and 
local transportation needs.
    ``(b) Eligible Projects.--Funds apportioned to a State 
under section 104(b)(2) for the surface transportation block 
grant program may be obligated for the following:
            ``(1) Construction of--
                    ``(A) highways, bridges, tunnels, including 
                designated routes of the Appalachian 
                development highway system and local access 
                roads under section 14501 of title 40;
                    ``(B) ferry boats and terminal facilities 
                eligible for funding under section 129(c);
                    ``(C) transit capital projects eligible for 
                assistance under chapter 53 of title 49;
                    ``(D) infrastructure-based intelligent 
                transportation systems capital improvements;
                    ``(E) truck parking facilities eligible for 
                funding under section 1401 of MAP-21 (23 U.S.C. 
                137 note); and
                    ``(F) border infrastructure projects 
                eligible for funding under section 1303 of 
                SAFETEA-LU (23 U.S.C. 101 note).
            ``(2) Operational improvements and capital and 
        operating costs for traffic monitoring, management, and 
        control facilities and programs.
            ``(3) Environmental measures eligible under 
        sections 119(g), 328, and 329 and transportation 
        control measures listed in section 108(f)(1)(A) (other 
        than clause (xvi) of that section) of the Clean Air Act 
        (42 U.S.C. 7408(f)(1)(A)).
            ``(4) Highway and transit safety infrastructure 
        improvements and programs, including railway-highway 
        grade crossings.
            ``(5) Fringe and corridor parking facilities and 
        programs in accordance with section 137 and carpool 
        projects in accordance with section 146.
            ``(6) Recreational trails projects eligible for 
        funding under section 206, pedestrian and bicycle 
        projects in accordance with section 217 (including 
        modifications to comply with accessibility requirements 
        under the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 (42 
        U.S.C. 12101 et seq.)), and the safe routes to school 
        program under section 1404 of SAFETEA-LU (23 U.S.C. 402 
        note).
            ``(7) Planning, design, or construction of 
        boulevards and other roadways largely in the right-of-
        way of former Interstate System routes or other divided 
        highways.
            ``(8) Development and implementation of a State 
        asset management plan for the National Highway System 
        and a performance-based management program for other 
        public roads.
            ``(9) Protection (including painting, scour 
        countermeasures, seismic retrofits, impact protection 
        measures, security countermeasures, and protection 
        against extreme events) for bridges (including 
        approaches to bridges and other elevated structures) 
        and tunnels on public roads, and inspection and 
        evaluation of bridges and tunnels and other highway 
        assets.
            ``(10) Surface transportation planning programs, 
        highway and transit research and development and 
        technology transfer programs, and workforce 
        development, training, and education under chapter 5 of 
        this title.
            ``(11) Surface transportation infrastructure 
        modifications to facilitate direct intermodal 
        interchange, transfer, and access into and out of a 
        port terminal.
            ``(12) Projects and strategies designed to support 
        congestion pricing, including electronic toll 
        collection and travel demand management strategies and 
        programs.
            ``(13) At the request of a State, and upon 
        Secretarial approval of credit assistance under chapter 
        6, subsidy and administrative costs necessary to 
        provide an eligible entity Federal credit assistance 
        under chapter 6 with respect to a project eligible for 
        assistance under this section.
            ``(14) The creation and operation by a State of an 
        office to assist in the design, implementation, and 
        oversight of public-private partnerships eligible to 
        receive funding under this title and chapter 53 of 
        title 49, and the payment of a stipend to unsuccessful 
        private bidders to offset their proposal development 
        costs, if necessary to encourage robust competition in 
        public-private partnership procurements.
            ``(15) Any type of project eligible under this 
        section as in effect on the day before the date of 
        enactment of the FAST Act, including projects described 
        under section 101(a)(29) as in effect on such day.
    ``(c) Location of Projects.--A surface transportation block 
grant project may not be undertaken on a road functionally 
classified as a local road or a rural minor collector unless 
the road was on a Federal-aid highway system on January 1, 
1991, except--
            ``(1) for a bridge or tunnel project (other than 
        the construction of a new bridge or tunnel at a new 
        location);
            ``(2) for a project described in paragraphs (4) 
        through (11) of subsection (b);
            ``(3) for a project described in section 
        101(a)(29), as in effect on the day before the date of 
        enactment of the FAST Act; and
            ``(4) as approved by the Secretary.
    ``(d) Allocations of Apportioned Funds to Areas Based on 
Population.--
            ``(1) Calculation.--Of the funds apportioned to a 
        State under section 104(b)(2) (after the reservation of 
        funds under subsection (h))--
                    ``(A) the percentage specified in paragraph 
                (6) for a fiscal year shall be obligated under 
                this section, in proportion to their relative 
                shares of the population of the State--
                            ``(i) in urbanized areas of the 
                        State with an urbanized area population 
                        of over 200,000;
                            ``(ii) in areas of the State other 
                        than urban areas with a population 
                        greater than 5,000; and
                            ``(iii) in other areas of the 
                        State; and
                    ``(B) the remainder may be obligated in any 
                area of the State.
            ``(2) Metropolitan areas.--Funds attributed to an 
        urbanized area under paragraph (1)(A)(i) may be 
        obligated in the metropolitan area established under 
        section 134 that encompasses the urbanized area.
            ``(3) Consultation with regional transportation 
        planning organizations.--For purposes of paragraph 
        (1)(A)(iii), before obligating funding attributed to an 
        area with a population greater than 5,000 and less than 
        200,000, a State shall consult with the regional 
        transportation planning organizations that represent 
        the area, if any.
            ``(4) Distribution among urbanized areas of over 
        200,000 population.--
                    ``(A) In general.--Except as provided in 
                subparagraph (B), the amount of funds that a 
                State is required to obligate under paragraph 
                (1)(A)(i) shall be obligated in urbanized areas 
                described in paragraph (1)(A)(i) based on the 
                relative population of the areas.
                    ``(B) Other factors.--The State may 
                obligate the funds described in subparagraph 
                (A) based on other factors if the State and the 
                relevant metropolitan planning organizations 
                jointly apply to the Secretary for the 
                permission to base the obligation on other 
                factors and the Secretary grants the request.
            ``(5) Applicability of planning requirements.--
        Programming and expenditure of funds for projects under 
        this section shall be consistent with sections 134 and 
        135.
            ``(6) Percentage.--The percentage referred to in 
        paragraph (1)(A) is--
                    ``(A) for fiscal year 2016, 51 percent;
                    ``(B) for fiscal year 2017, 52 percent;
                    ``(C) for fiscal year 2018, 53 percent;
                    ``(D) for fiscal year 2019, 54 percent; and
                    ``(E) for fiscal year 2020, 55 percent.'';
            (2) by striking the section heading and inserting 
        ``Surface transportation block grant program'';
            (3) by striking subsection (e);
            (4) by redesignating subsections (f) through (h) as 
        subsections (e) through (g), respectively;
            (5) in subsection (e)(1), as redesignated by this 
        subsection--
                    (A) by striking ``104(b)(3)'' and inserting 
                ``104(b)(2)''; and
                    (B) by striking ``fiscal years 2011 through 
                2014'' and inserting ``fiscal years 2016 
                through 2020'';
            (6) in subsection (g)(1), as redesignated by this 
        subsection, by striking ``under subsection 
        (d)(1)(A)(iii) for each of fiscal years 2013 through 
        2014'' and inserting ``under subsection (d)(1)(A)(ii) 
        for each of fiscal years 2016 through 2020''; and
            (7) by adding at the end the following:
    ``(h) STP Set-Aside.--
            ``(1) Reservation of funds.--Of the funds 
        apportioned to a State under section 104(b)(2) for each 
        fiscal year, the Secretary shall reserve an amount such 
        that--
                    ``(A) the Secretary reserves a total under 
                this subsection of--
                            ``(i) $835,000,000 for each of 
                        fiscal years 2016 and 2017; and
                            ``(ii) $850,000,000 for each of 
                        fiscal years 2018 through 2020; and
                    ``(B) the State's share of that total is 
                determined by multiplying the amount under 
                subparagraph (A) by the ratio that--
                            ``(i) the amount apportioned to the 
                        State for the transportation 
                        enhancements program for fiscal year 
                        2009 under section 133(d)(2), as in 
                        effect on the day before the date of 
                        enactment of MAP-21; bears to
                            ``(ii) the total amount of funds 
                        apportioned to all States for the 
                        transportation enhancements program for 
                        fiscal year 2009.
            ``(2) Allocation within a state.--Funds reserved 
        for a State under paragraph (1) shall be obligated 
        within that State in the manner described in subsection 
        (d), except that, for purposes of this paragraph (after 
        funds are made available under paragraph (5))--
                    ``(A) for each fiscal year, the percentage 
                referred to in paragraph (1)(A) of that 
                subsection shall be deemed to be 50 percent; 
                and
                    ``(B) the following provisions shall not 
                apply:
                            ``(i) Paragraph (3) of subsection 
                        (d).
                            ``(ii) Subsection (e).
            ``(3) Eligible projects.--Funds reserved under this 
        subsection may be obligated for projects or activities 
        described in section 101(a)(29) or 213, as such 
        provisions were in effect on the day before the date of 
        enactment of the FAST Act.
            ``(4) Access to funds.--
                    ``(A) In general.--A State or metropolitan 
                planning organization required to obligate 
                funds in accordance with paragraph (2) shall 
                develop a competitive process to allow eligible 
                entities to submit projects for funding that 
                achieve the objectives of this subsection. A 
                metropolitan planning organization for an area 
                described in subsection (d)(1)(A)(i) shall 
                select projects under such process in 
                consultation with the relevant State.
                    ``(B) Eligible entity defined.--In this 
                paragraph, the term `eligible entity' means--
                            ``(i) a local government;
                            ``(ii) a regional transportation 
                        authority;
                            ``(iii) a transit agency;
                            ``(iv) a natural resource or public 
                        land agency;
                            ``(v) a school district, local 
                        education agency, or school;
                            ``(vi) a tribal government;
                            ``(vii) a nonprofit entity 
                        responsible for the administration of 
                        local transportation safety programs; 
                        and
                            ``(viii) any other local or 
                        regional governmental entity with 
                        responsibility for or oversight of 
                        transportation or recreational trails 
                        (other than a metropolitan planning 
                        organization or a State agency) that 
                        the State determines to be eligible, 
                        consistent with the goals of this 
                        subsection.
            ``(5) Continuation of certain recreational trails 
        projects.--For each fiscal year, a State shall--
                    ``(A) obligate an amount of funds reserved 
                under this section equal to the amount of the 
                funds apportioned to the State for fiscal year 
                2009 under section 104(h)(2), as in effect on 
                the day before the date of enactment of MAP-21, 
                for projects relating to recreational trails 
                under section 206;
                    ``(B) return 1 percent of those funds to 
                the Secretary for the administration of that 
                program; and
                    ``(C) comply with the provisions of the 
                administration of the recreational trails 
                program under section 206, including the use of 
                apportioned funds described in subsection 
                (d)(3)(A) of that section.
            ``(6) State flexibility.--
                    ``(A) Recreational trails.--A State may opt 
                out of the recreational trails program under 
                paragraph (5) if the Governor of the State 
                notifies the Secretary not later than 30 days 
                prior to apportionments being made for any 
                fiscal year.
                    ``(B) Large urbanized areas.--A 
                metropolitan planning area may use not to 
                exceed 50 percent of the funds reserved under 
                this subsection for an urbanized area described 
                in subsection (d)(1)(A)(i) for any purpose 
                eligible under subsection (b).
            ``(7) Annual reports.--
                    ``(A) In general.--Each State or 
                metropolitan planning organization responsible 
                for carrying out the requirements of this 
                subsection shall submit to the Secretary an 
                annual report that describes--
                            ``(i) the number of project 
                        applications received for each fiscal 
                        year, including--
                                    ``(I) the aggregate cost of 
                                the projects for which 
                                applications are received; and
                                    ``(II) the types of 
                                projects to be carried out, 
                                expressed as percentages of the 
                                total apportionment of the 
                                State under this subsection; 
                                and
                            ``(ii) the number of projects 
                        selected for funding for each fiscal 
                        year, including the aggregate cost and 
                        location of projects selected.
                    ``(B) Public availability.--The Secretary 
                shall make available to the public, in a user-
                friendly format on the Web site of the 
                Department of Transportation, a copy of each 
                annual report submitted under subparagraph (A).
    ``(i) Treatment of Projects.--Notwithstanding any other 
provision of law, projects funded under this section (excluding 
those carried out under subsection (h)(5)) shall be treated as 
projects on a Federal-aid highway under this chapter.''.
    (c) Technical and Conforming Amendments.--
            (1) Section 126.--Section 126(b)(2) of title 23, 
        United States Code, is amended--
                    (A) by striking ``section 213'' and 
                inserting ``section 133(h)''; and
                    (B) by striking ``section 213(c)(1)(B)'' 
                and inserting ``section 133(h)''.
            (2) Section 213.--Section 213 of title 23, United 
        States Code, is repealed.
            (3) Section 322.--Section 322(h)(3) of title 23, 
        United States Code, is amended by striking ``surface 
        transportation program'' and inserting ``surface 
        transportation block grant program''.
            (4) Section 504.--Section 504(a)(4) of title 23, 
        United States Code, is amended--
                    (A) by striking ``104(b)(3)'' and inserting 
                ``104(b)(2)''; and
                    (B) by striking ``surface transportation 
                program'' and inserting ``surface 
                transportation block grant program''.
            (5) Chapter 1.--Chapter 1 of title 23, United 
        States Code, is amended by striking ``surface 
        transportation program'' each place it appears and 
        inserting ``surface transportation block grant 
        program''.
            (6) Chapter analyses.--
                    (A) Chapter 1.--The analysis for chapter 1 
                of title 23, United States Code, is amended by 
                striking the item relating to section 133 and 
                inserting the following:

``133. Surface transportation block grant program.''.
                    (B) Chapter 2.--The item relating to 
                section 213 in the analysis for chapter 2 of 
                title 23, United States Code, is repealed.
            (7) Other references.--Any reference in any other 
        law, regulation, document, paper, or other record of 
        the United States to the surface transportation program 
        under section 133 of title 23, United States Code, 
        shall be deemed to be a reference to the surface 
        transportation block grant program under such section.

SEC. 1110. HIGHWAY USE TAX EVASION PROJECTS.

    Section 143(b) of title 23, United States Code, is 
amended--
            (1) by striking paragraph (2)(A) and inserting the 
        following:
                    ``(A) In general.--From administrative 
                funds made available under section 104(a), the 
                Secretary may deduct such sums as are 
                necessary, not to exceed $4,000,000 for each of 
                fiscal years 2016 through 2020, to carry out 
                this section.'';
            (2) in the heading for paragraph (8) by inserting 
        ``block grant'' after ``surface transportation''; and
            (3) in paragraph (9) by inserting ``, the Committee 
        on Transportation and Infrastructure of the House of 
        Representatives, and the Committee on Environment and 
        Public Works of the Senate'' after ``the Secretary''.

SEC. 1111. BUNDLING OF BRIDGE PROJECTS.

    Section 144 of title 23, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in subsection (c)(2)(A) by striking ``the 
        natural condition of the bridge'' and inserting ``the 
        natural condition of the water'';
            (2) by redesignating subsection (j) as subsection 
        (k);
            (3) by inserting after subsection (i) the 
        following:
    ``(j) Bundling of Bridge Projects.--
            ``(1) Purpose.--The purpose of this subsection is 
        to save costs and time by encouraging States to bundle 
        multiple bridge projects as 1 project.
            ``(2) Eligible entity defined.--In this subsection, 
        the term `eligible entity' means an entity eligible to 
        carry out a bridge project under section 119 or 133.
            ``(3) Bundling of bridge projects.--An eligible 
        entity may bundle 2 or more similar bridge projects 
        that are--
                    ``(A) eligible projects under section 119 
                or 133;
                    ``(B) included as a bundled project in a 
                transportation improvement program under 
                section 134(j) or a statewide transportation 
                improvement program under section 135, as 
                applicable; and
                    ``(C) awarded to a single contractor or 
                consultant pursuant to a contract for 
                engineering and design or construction between 
                the contractor and an eligible entity.
            ``(4) Itemization.--Notwithstanding any other 
        provision of law (including regulations), a bundling of 
        bridge projects under this subsection may be listed 
        as--
                    ``(A) 1 project for purposes of sections 
                134 and 135; and
                    ``(B) a single project.
            ``(5) Financial characteristics.--Projects bundled 
        under this subsection shall have the same financial 
        characteristics, including--
                    ``(A) the same funding category or 
                subcategory; and
                    ``(B) the same Federal share.
            ``(6) Engineering cost reimbursement.--The 
        provisions of section 102(b) do not apply to projects 
        carried out under this subsection.''; and
            (4) in subsection (k)(2), as redesignated by 
        paragraph (2) of this section, by striking 
        ``104(b)(3)'' and inserting ``104(b)(2)''.

SEC. 1112. CONSTRUCTION OF FERRY BOATS AND FERRY TERMINAL FACILITIES.

    (a) Construction of Ferry Boats and Ferry Terminal 
Facilities.--Section 147 of title 23, United States Code, is 
amended--
            (1) in subsection (a), in the subsection heading, 
        by striking ``In General.--'' and inserting 
        ``Program.--''; and
            (2) by striking subsections (d) through (g) and 
        inserting the following:
    ``(d) Formula.--Of the amounts allocated under subsection 
(c)--
            ``(1) 35 percent shall be allocated among eligible 
        entities in the proportion that--
                    ``(A) the number of ferry passengers, 
                including passengers in vehicles, carried by 
                each ferry system in the most recent calendar 
                year for which data is available; bears to
                    ``(B) the number of ferry passengers, 
                including passengers in vehicles, carried by 
                all ferry systems in the most recent calendar 
                year for which data is available;
            ``(2) 35 percent shall be allocated among eligible 
        entities in the proportion that--
                    ``(A) the number of vehicles carried by 
                each ferry system in the most recent calendar 
                year for which data is available; bears to
                    ``(B) the number of vehicles carried by all 
                ferry systems in the most recent calendar year 
                for which data is available; and
            ``(3) 30 percent shall be allocated among eligible 
        entities in the proportion that--
                    ``(A) the total route nautical miles 
                serviced by each ferry system in the most 
                recent calendar year for which data is 
                available; bears to
                    ``(B) the total route nautical miles 
                serviced by all ferry systems in the most 
                recent calendar year for which data is 
                available.
    ``(e) Redistribution of Unobligated Amounts.--The Secretary 
shall--
            ``(1) withdraw amounts allocated to an eligible 
        entity under subsection (c) that remain unobligated by 
        the end of the third fiscal year following the fiscal 
        year for which the amounts were allocated; and
            ``(2) in the subsequent fiscal year, redistribute 
        the amounts referred to in paragraph (1) in accordance 
        with the formula under subsection (d) among eligible 
        entities for which no amounts were withdrawn under 
        paragraph (1).
    ``(f) Minimum Amount.--Notwithstanding subsection (c), a 
State with an eligible entity that meets the requirements of 
this section shall receive not less than $100,000 under this 
section for a fiscal year.
    ``(g) Implementation.--
            ``(1) Data collection.--
                    ``(A) National ferry database.--Amounts 
                made available for a fiscal year under this 
                section shall be allocated using the most 
                recent data available, as collected and imputed 
                in accordance with the national ferry database 
                established under section 1801(e) of SAFETEA-LU 
                (23 U.S.C. 129 note).
                    ``(B) Eligibility for funding.--To be 
                eligible to receive funds under subsection (c), 
                data shall have been submitted in the most 
                recent collection of data for the national 
                ferry database under section 1801(e) of 
                SAFETEA-LU (23 U.S.C. 129 note) for at least 1 
                ferry service within the State.
            ``(2) Adjustments.--On review of the data submitted 
        under paragraph (1)(B), the Secretary may make 
        adjustments to the data as the Secretary determines 
        necessary to correct misreported or inconsistent data.
    ``(h) Authorization of Appropriations.--There is authorized 
to be appropriated out of the Highway Trust Fund (other than 
the Mass Transit Account) to carry out this section $80,000,000 
for each of fiscal years 2016 through 2020.
    ``(i) Period of Availability.--Notwithstanding section 
118(b), funds made available to carry out this section shall 
remain available until expended.
    ``(j) Applicability.--All provisions of this chapter that 
are applicable to the National Highway System, other than 
provisions relating to apportionment formula and Federal share, 
shall apply to funds made available to carry out this section, 
except as determined by the Secretary to be inconsistent with 
this section.''.
    (b) National Ferry Database.--Section 1801(e)(4) of 
SAFETEA-LU (23 U.S.C. 129 note) is amended by striking 
subparagraph (D) and inserting the following:
                    ``(D) make available, from the amounts made 
                available for each fiscal year to carry out 
                chapter 63 of title 49, not more than $500,000 
                to maintain the database.''.
    (c) Conforming Amendments.--Section 129(c) of title 23, 
United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (2), in the first sentence, by 
        inserting ``or on a public transit ferry eligible under 
        chapter 53 of title 49'' after ``Interstate System'';
            (2) in paragraph (3)--
                    (A) by striking ``(3) Such ferry'' and 
                inserting ``(3)(A) The ferry''; and
                    (B) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(B) Any Federal participation shall not involve 
        the construction or purchase, for private ownership, of 
        a ferry boat, ferry terminal facility, or other 
        eligible project under this section.'';
            (3) in paragraph (4) by striking ``and repair,'' 
        and inserting ``repair,''; and
            (4) by striking paragraph (6) and inserting the 
        following:
            ``(6) The ferry service shall be maintained in 
        accordance with section 116.
            ``(7)(A) No ferry boat or ferry terminal with 
        Federal participation under this title may be sold, 
        leased, or otherwise disposed of, except in accordance 
        with part 200 of title 2, Code of Federal Regulations.
            ``(B) The Federal share of any proceeds from a 
        disposition referred to in subparagraph (A) shall be 
        used for eligible purposes under this title.''.

SEC. 1113. HIGHWAY SAFETY IMPROVEMENT PROGRAM.

    (a) In General.--Section 148 of title 23, United States 
Code, is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)--
                    (A) in paragraph (4)(B)--
                            (i) in the matter preceding clause 
                        (i), by striking ``includes, but is not 
                        limited to,'' and inserting ``only 
                        includes''; and
                            (ii) by adding at the end the 
                        following:
                            ``(xxv) Installation of vehicle-to-
                        infrastructure communication equipment.
                            ``(xxvi) Pedestrian hybrid beacons.
                            ``(xxvii) Roadway improvements that 
                        provide separation between pedestrians 
                        and motor vehicles, including medians 
                        and pedestrian crossing islands.
                            ``(xxviii) A physical 
                        infrastructure safety project not 
                        described in clauses (i) through 
                        (xxvii).'';
                    (B) by striking paragraph (10); and
                    (C) by redesignating paragraphs (11) 
                through (13) as paragraphs (10) through (12), 
                respectively;
            (2) in subsection (c)(1)(A) by striking 
        ``subsections (a)(12)'' and inserting ``subsections 
        (a)(11)'';
            (3) in subsection (d)(2)(B)(i) by striking 
        ``subsection (a)(12)'' and inserting ``subsection 
        (a)(11)''; and
            (4) by adding at the end the following:
    ``(k) Data Collection on Unpaved Public Roads.--
            ``(1) In general.--A State may elect not to collect 
        fundamental data elements for the model inventory of 
        roadway elements on public roads that are gravel roads 
        or otherwise unpaved if--
                    ``(A) the State does not use funds provided 
                to carry out this section for a project on any 
                such roads until the State completes a 
                collection of the required model inventory of 
                roadway elements for the applicable road 
                segment; and
                    ``(B) the State demonstrates that the State 
                consulted with affected Indian tribes before 
                ceasing to collect data with respect to such 
                roads that are included in the National Tribal 
                Transportation Facility Inventory under section 
                202(b)(1) of this title.
            ``(2) Rule of construction.--Nothing in this 
        subsection may be construed to allow a State to cease 
        data collection related to serious injuries or 
        fatalities.''.
    (b) Commercial Motor Vehicle Safety Best Practices.--
            (1) Review.--The Secretary shall conduct a review 
        of best practices with respect to the implementation of 
        roadway safety infrastructure improvements that--
                    (A) are cost effective; and
                    (B) reduce the number or severity of 
                accidents involving commercial motor vehicles.
            (2) Consultation.--In conducting the review under 
        paragraph (1), the Secretary shall consult with State 
        transportation departments and units of local 
        government.
            (3) Report.--Not later than 1 year after the date 
        of enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall submit to 
        the Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure of 
        the House of Representatives and the Committee on 
        Environment and Public Works of the Senate a report 
        describing the results of the review conducted under 
        paragraph (1).

SEC. 1114. CONGESTION MITIGATION AND AIR QUALITY IMPROVEMENT PROGRAM.

    Section 149 of title 23, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in subsection (b)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1)(A)(i)(I) by inserting 
                ``in the designated nonattainment area'' after 
                ``air quality standard'';
                    (B) in paragraph (3) by inserting ``or 
                maintenance'' after ``likely to contribute to 
                the attainment'';
                    (C) in paragraph (4) by striking 
                ``attainment of'' and inserting ``attainment or 
                maintenance in the area of'';
                    (D) in paragraph (7) by striking ``or'' at 
                the end;
                    (E) in paragraph (8)--
                            (i) in subparagraph (A)(ii)--
                                    (I) in the matter preceding 
                                subclause (I) by inserting ``or 
                                port-related freight 
                                operations'' after 
                                ``construction projects''; and
                                    (II) in subclause (II) by 
                                inserting ``or chapter 53 of 
                                title 49'' after ``this 
                                title''; and
                            (ii) in subparagraph (B) by 
                        striking the period at the end and 
                        inserting ``; or''; and
                    (F) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(9) if the project or program is for the 
        installation of vehicle-to-infrastructure communication 
        equipment.'';
            (2) in subsection (c)(2) by inserting ``(giving 
        priority to corridors designated under section 151)'' 
        after ``at any location in the State'';
            (3) in subsection (d)--
                    (A) by striking paragraph (1)(B) and 
                inserting the following:
                    ``(B) is eligible under the surface 
                transportation block grant program under 
                section 133.'';
                    (B) in paragraph (2)--
                            (i) in subparagraph (A)--
                                    (I) in the matter preceding 
                                clause (i) by inserting ``would 
                                otherwise be eligible under 
                                subsection (b) if the project 
                                were carried out in a 
                                nonattainment or maintenance 
                                area or'' after ``may use for 
                                any project that''; and
                                    (II) in clause (i) by 
                                striking ``paragraph (l)'' and 
                                inserting ``subsection 
                                (k)(1)''; and
                            (ii) in subparagraph (B)(i) by 
                        striking ``MAP-21t'' and inserting 
                        ``MAP-21''; and
                    (C) in paragraph (3) by inserting ``, in a 
                manner consistent with the approach that was in 
                effect on the day before the date of enactment 
                of MAP-21,'' after ``the Secretary shall 
                modify'';
            (4) in subsection (g)(2)(B) by striking ``not later 
        that'' and inserting ``not later than'';
            (5) in subsection (k) by adding at the end the 
        following:
            ``(3) PM2.5 nonattainment and maintenance in low 
        population density states.--
                    ``(A) Exception.--In any State with a 
                population density of 80 or fewer persons per 
                square mile of land area, based on the most 
                recent decennial census, the requirements under 
                subsection (g)(3) and paragraphs (1) and (2) of 
                this subsection shall not apply to a 
                nonattainment or maintenance area in the State 
                if--
                            ``(i) the nonattainment or 
                        maintenance area does not have projects 
                        that are part of the emissions analysis 
                        of a metropolitan transportation plan 
                        or transportation improvement program; 
                        and
                            ``(ii) regional motor vehicle 
                        emissions are an insignificant 
                        contributor to the air quality problem 
                        for PM2.5 in the nonattainment or 
                        maintenance area.
                    ``(B) Calculation.--If subparagraph (A) 
                applies to a nonattainment or maintenance area 
                in a State, the percentage of the PM2.5 set-
                aside under paragraph (1) shall be reduced for 
                that State proportionately based on the 
                weighted population of the area in fine 
                particulate matter nonattainment.
            ``(4) Port-related equipment and vehicles.--To meet 
        the requirements under paragraph (1), a State or 
        metropolitan planning organization may elect to 
        obligate funds to the most cost-effective projects to 
        reduce emissions from port-related landside nonroad or 
        on-road equipment that is operated within the 
        boundaries of a PM2.5 nonattainment or maintenance 
        area.'';
            (6) in subsection (l)(1)(B) by inserting ``air 
        quality and traffic congestion'' before ``performance 
        targets''; and
            (7) in subsection (m) by striking ``section 
        104(b)(2)'' and inserting ``section 104(b)(4)''.

SEC. 1115. TERRITORIAL AND PUERTO RICO HIGHWAY PROGRAM.

    Section 165(a) of title 23, United States Code, is 
amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1) by striking ``$150,000,000'' 
        and inserting ``$158,000,000''; and
            (2) in paragraph (2) by striking ``$40,000,000'' 
        and inserting ``$42,000,000''.

SEC. 1116. NATIONAL HIGHWAY FREIGHT PROGRAM.

    (a) In General.--Section 167 of title 23, United States 
Code, is amended to read as follows:

``Sec. 167. National highway freight program

    ``(a) In General.--
            ``(1) Policy.--It is the policy of the United 
        States to improve the condition and performance of the 
        National Highway Freight Network established under this 
        section to ensure that the Network provides the 
        foundation for the United States to compete in the 
        global economy and achieve the goals described in 
        subsection (b).
            ``(2) Establishment.--In support of the goals 
        described in subsection (b), the Administrator of the 
        Federal Highway Administration shall establish a 
        national highway freight program in accordance with 
        this section to improve the efficient movement of 
        freight on the National Highway Freight Network.
    ``(b) Goals.--The goals of the national highway freight 
program are--
            ``(1) to invest in infrastructure improvements and 
        to implement operational improvements on the highways 
        of the United States that--
                    ``(A) strengthen the contribution of the 
                National Highway Freight Network to the 
                economic competitiveness of the United States;
                    ``(B) reduce congestion and bottlenecks on 
                the National Highway Freight Network;
                    ``(C) reduce the cost of freight 
                transportation;
                    ``(D) improve the year-round reliability of 
                freight transportation; and
                    ``(E) increase productivity, particularly 
                for domestic industries and businesses that 
                create high-value jobs;
            ``(2) to improve the safety, security, efficiency, 
        and resiliency of freight transportation in rural and 
        urban areas;
            ``(3) to improve the state of good repair of the 
        National Highway Freight Network;
            ``(4) to use innovation and advanced technology to 
        improve the safety, efficiency, and reliability of the 
        National Highway Freight Network;
            ``(5) to improve the efficiency and productivity of 
        the National Highway Freight Network;
            ``(6) to improve the flexibility of States to 
        support multi-State corridor planning and the creation 
        of multi-State organizations to increase the ability of 
        States to address highway freight connectivity; and
            ``(7) to reduce the environmental impacts of 
        freight movement on the National Highway Freight 
        Network.
    ``(c) Establishment of National Highway Freight Network.--
            ``(1) In general.--The Administrator shall 
        establish a National Highway Freight Network in 
        accordance with this section to strategically direct 
        Federal resources and policies toward improved 
        performance of the Network.
            ``(2) Network components.--The National Highway 
        Freight Network shall consist of--
                    ``(A) the primary highway freight system, 
                as designated under subsection (d);
                    ``(B) critical rural freight corridors 
                established under subsection (e);
                    ``(C) critical urban freight corridors 
                established under subsection (f); and
                    ``(D) the portions of the Interstate System 
                not designated as part of the primary highway 
                freight system.
    ``(d) Designation and Redesignation of the Primary Highway 
Freight System.--
            ``(1) Initial designation of primary highway 
        freight system.--The initial designation of the primary 
        highway freight system shall be the 41,518-mile network 
        identified during the designation process for the 
        primary freight network under section 167(d) of this 
        title, as in effect on the day before the date of 
        enactment of the FAST Act.
            ``(2) Redesignation of primary highway freight 
        system.--
                    ``(A) In general.--Beginning 5 years after 
                the date of enactment of the FAST Act, and 
                every 5 years thereafter, using the designation 
                factors described in subparagraph (E), the 
                Administrator shall redesignate the primary 
                highway freight system.
                    ``(B) Redesignation mileage.--Each 
                redesignation may increase the mileage on the 
                primary highway freight system by not more than 
                3 percent of the total mileage of the system.
                    ``(C) Use of measurable data.--In 
                redesignating the primary highway freight 
                system, to the maximum extent practicable, the 
                Administrator shall use measurable data to 
                assess the significance of goods movement, 
                including consideration of points of origin, 
                destinations, and linking components of the 
                United States global and domestic supply 
                chains.
                    ``(D) Input.--In redesignating the primary 
                highway freight system, the Administrator shall 
                provide an opportunity for State freight 
                advisory committees, as applicable, to submit 
                additional miles for consideration.
                    ``(E) Factors for redesignation.--In 
                redesignating the primary highway freight 
                system, the Administrator shall consider--
                            ``(i) changes in the origins and 
                        destinations of freight movement in, 
                        to, and from the United States;
                            ``(ii) changes in the percentage of 
                        annual daily truck traffic in the 
                        annual average daily traffic on 
                        principal arterials;
                            ``(iii) changes in the location of 
                        key facilities;
                            ``(iv) land and water ports of 
                        entry;
                            ``(v) access to energy exploration, 
                        development, installation, or 
                        production areas;
                            ``(vi) access to other freight 
                        intermodal facilities, including rail, 
                        air, water, and pipelines facilities;
                            ``(vii) the total freight tonnage 
                        and value moved via highways;
                            ``(viii) significant freight 
                        bottlenecks, as identified by the 
                        Administrator;
                            ``(ix) the significance of goods 
                        movement on principal arterials, 
                        including consideration of global and 
                        domestic supply chains;
                            ``(x) critical emerging freight 
                        corridors and critical commerce 
                        corridors; and
                            ``(xi) network connectivity.
    ``(e) Critical Rural Freight Corridors.--
            ``(1) In general.--A State may designate a public 
        road within the borders of the State as a critical 
        rural freight corridor if the public road is not in an 
        urbanized area and--
                    ``(A) is a rural principal arterial roadway 
                and has a minimum of 25 percent of the annual 
                average daily traffic of the road measured in 
                passenger vehicle equivalent units from trucks 
                (Federal Highway Administration vehicle class 8 
                to 13);
                    ``(B) provides access to energy 
                exploration, development, installation, or 
                production areas;
                    ``(C) connects the primary highway freight 
                system, a roadway described in subparagraph (A) 
                or (B), or the Interstate System to facilities 
                that handle more than--
                            ``(i) 50,000 20-foot equivalent 
                        units per year; or
                            ``(ii) 500,000 tons per year of 
                        bulk commodities;
                    ``(D) provides access to--
                            ``(i) a grain elevator;
                            ``(ii) an agricultural facility;
                            ``(iii) a mining facility;
                            ``(iv) a forestry facility; or
                            ``(v) an intermodal facility;
                    ``(E) connects to an international port of 
                entry;
                    ``(F) provides access to significant air, 
                rail, water, or other freight facilities in the 
                State; or
                    ``(G) is, in the determination of the 
                State, vital to improving the efficient 
                movement of freight of importance to the 
                economy of the State.
            ``(2) Limitation.--A State may designate as 
        critical rural freight corridors a maximum of 150 miles 
        of highway or 20 percent of the primary highway freight 
        system mileage in the State, whichever is greater.
    ``(f) Critical Urban Freight Corridors.--
            ``(1) Urbanized area with population of 500,000 or 
        more.--In an urbanized area with a population of 
        500,000 or more individuals, the representative 
        metropolitan planning organization, in consultation 
        with the State, may designate a public road within the 
        borders of that area of the State as a critical urban 
        freight corridor.
            ``(2) Urbanized area with a population less than 
        500,000.--In an urbanized area with a population of 
        less than 500,000 individuals, the State, in 
        consultation with the representative metropolitan 
        planning organization, may designate a public road 
        within the borders of that area of the State as a 
        critical urban freight corridor.
            ``(3) Requirements for designation.--A designation 
        may be made under paragraph (1) or (2) if the public 
        road--
                    ``(A) is in an urbanized area, regardless 
                of population; and
                    ``(B)(i) connects an intermodal facility 
                to--
                            ``(I) the primary highway freight 
                        system;
                            ``(II) the Interstate System; or
                            ``(III) an intermodal freight 
                        facility;
                    ``(ii) is located within a corridor of a 
                route on the primary highway freight system and 
                provides an alternative highway option 
                important to goods movement;
                    ``(iii) serves a major freight generator, 
                logistic center, or manufacturing and warehouse 
                industrial land; or
                    ``(iv) is important to the movement of 
                freight within the region, as determined by the 
                metropolitan planning organization or the 
                State.
            ``(4) Limitation.--For each State, a maximum of 75 
        miles of highway or 10 percent of the primary highway 
        freight system mileage in the State, whichever is 
        greater, may be designated as a critical urban freight 
        corridor under paragraphs (1) and (2).
    ``(g) Designation and Certification.--
            ``(1) Designation.--States and metropolitan 
        planning organizations may designate corridors under 
        subsections (e) and (f) and submit the designated 
        corridors to the Administrator on a rolling basis.
            ``(2) Certification.--Each State or metropolitan 
        planning organization that designates a corridor under 
        subsection (e) or (f) shall certify to the 
        Administrator that the designated corridor meets the 
        requirements of the applicable subsection.
    ``(h) Highway Freight Transportation Conditions and 
Performance Reports.--Not later than 2 years after the date of 
enactment of the FAST Act, and biennially thereafter, the 
Administrator shall prepare and submit to Congress a report 
that describes the conditions and performance of the National 
Highway Freight Network in the United States.
    ``(i) Use of Apportioned Funds.--
            ``(1) In general.--A State shall obligate funds 
        apportioned to the State under section 104(b)(5) to 
        improve the movement of freight on the National Highway 
        Freight Network.
            ``(2) Formula.--The Administrator shall calculate 
        for each State the proportion that--
                    ``(A) the total mileage in the State 
                designated as part of the primary highway 
                freight system; bears to
                    ``(B) the total mileage of the primary 
                highway freight system in all States.
            ``(3) Use of funds.--
                    ``(A) States with high primary highway 
                freight system mileage.--If the proportion of a 
                State under paragraph (2) is greater than or 
                equal to 2 percent, the State may obligate 
                funds apportioned to the State under section 
                104(b)(5) for projects on--
                            ``(i) the primary highway freight 
                        system;
                            ``(ii) critical rural freight 
                        corridors; and
                            ``(iii) critical urban freight 
                        corridors.
                    ``(B) States with low primary highway 
                freight system mileage.--If the proportion of a 
                State under paragraph (2) is less than 2 
                percent, the State may obligate funds 
                apportioned to the State under section 
                104(b)(5) for projects on any component of the 
                National Highway Freight Network.
            ``(4) Freight planning.--Notwithstanding any other 
        provision of law, effective beginning 2 years after the 
        date of enactment of the FAST Act, a State may not 
        obligate funds apportioned to the State under section 
        104(b)(5) unless the State has developed a freight plan 
        in accordance with section 70202 of title 49, except 
        that the multimodal component of the plan may be 
        incomplete before an obligation may be made under this 
        section.
            ``(5) Eligibility.--
                    ``(A) In general.--Except as provided in 
                this subsection, for a project to be eligible 
                for funding under this section the project 
                shall--
                            ``(i) contribute to the efficient 
                        movement of freight on the National 
                        Highway Freight Network; and
                            ``(ii) be identified in a freight 
                        investment plan included in a freight 
                        plan of the State that is in effect.
                    ``(B) Other projects.--For each fiscal 
                year, a State may obligate not more than 10 
                percent of the total apportionment of the State 
                under section 104(b)(5) for freight intermodal 
                or freight rail projects, including projects--
                            ``(i) within the boundaries of 
                        public or private freight rail or water 
                        facilities (including ports); and
                            ``(ii) that provide surface 
                        transportation infrastructure necessary 
                        to facilitate direct intermodal 
                        interchange, transfer, and access into 
                        or out of the facility.
                    ``(C) Eligible projects.--Funds apportioned 
                to the State under section 104(b)(5) for the 
                national highway freight program may be 
                obligated to carry out 1 or more of the 
                following:
                            ``(i) Development phase activities, 
                        including planning, feasibility 
                        analysis, revenue forecasting, 
                        environmental review, preliminary 
                        engineering and design work, and other 
                        preconstruction activities.
                            ``(ii) Construction, 
                        reconstruction, rehabilitation, 
                        acquisition of real property (including 
                        land relating to the project and 
                        improvements to land), construction 
                        contingencies, acquisition of 
                        equipment, and operational improvements 
                        directly relating to improving system 
                        performance.
                            ``(iii) Intelligent transportation 
                        systems and other technology to improve 
                        the flow of freight, including 
                        intelligent freight transportation 
                        systems.
                            ``(iv) Efforts to reduce the 
                        environmental impacts of freight 
                        movement.
                            ``(v) Environmental and community 
                        mitigation for freight movement.
                            ``(vi) Railway-highway grade 
                        separation.
                            ``(vii) Geometric improvements to 
                        interchanges and ramps.
                            ``(viii) Truck-only lanes.
                            ``(ix) Climbing and runaway truck 
                        lanes.
                            ``(x) Adding or widening of 
                        shoulders.
                            ``(xi) Truck parking facilities 
                        eligible for funding under section 1401 
                        of MAP-21 (23 U.S.C. 137 note).
                            ``(xii) Real-time traffic, truck 
                        parking, roadway condition, and 
                        multimodal transportation information 
                        systems.
                            ``(xiii) Electronic screening and 
                        credentialing systems for vehicles, 
                        including weigh-in-motion truck 
                        inspection technologies.
                            ``(xiv) Traffic signal 
                        optimization, including synchronized 
                        and adaptive signals.
                            ``(xv) Work zone management and 
                        information systems.
                            ``(xvi) Highway ramp metering.
                            ``(xvii) Electronic cargo and 
                        border security technologies that 
                        improve truck freight movement.
                            ``(xviii) Intelligent 
                        transportation systems that would 
                        increase truck freight efficiencies 
                        inside the boundaries of intermodal 
                        facilities.
                            ``(xix) Additional road capacity to 
                        address highway freight bottlenecks.
                            ``(xx) Physical separation of 
                        passenger vehicles from commercial 
                        motor freight.
                            ``(xxi) Enhancement of the 
                        resiliency of critical highway 
                        infrastructure, including highway 
                        infrastructure that supports national 
                        energy security, to improve the flow of 
                        freight.
                            ``(xxii) A highway or bridge 
                        project, other than a project described 
                        in clauses (i) through (xxi), to 
                        improve the flow of freight on the 
                        National Highway Freight Network.
                            ``(xxiii) Any other surface 
                        transportation project to improve the 
                        flow of freight into and out of a 
                        facility described in subparagraph (B).
            ``(6) Other eligible costs.--In addition to the 
        eligible projects identified in paragraph (5), a State 
        may use funds apportioned under section 104(b)(5) for--
                    ``(A) carrying out diesel retrofit or 
                alternative fuel projects under section 149 for 
                class 8 vehicles; and
                    ``(B) the necessary costs of--
                            ``(i) conducting analyses and data 
                        collection related to the national 
                        highway freight program;
                            ``(ii) developing and updating 
                        performance targets to carry out this 
                        section; and
                            ``(iii) reporting to the 
                        Administrator to comply with the 
                        freight performance target under 
                        section 150.
            ``(7) Applicability of planning requirements.--
        Programming and expenditure of funds for projects under 
        this section shall be consistent with the requirements 
        of sections 134 and 135.
    ``(j) State Performance Targets.--If the Administrator 
determines that a State has not met or made significant 
progress toward meeting the performance targets related to 
freight movement of the State established under section 150(d) 
by the date that is 2 years after the date of the establishment 
of the performance targets, the State shall include in the next 
report submitted under section 150(e) a description of the 
actions the State will undertake to achieve the targets, 
including--
            ``(1) an identification of significant freight 
        system trends, needs, and issues within the State;
            ``(2) a description of the freight policies and 
        strategies that will guide the freight-related 
        transportation investments of the State;
            ``(3) an inventory of freight bottlenecks within 
        the State and a description of the ways in which the 
        State is allocating national highway freight program 
        funds to improve those bottlenecks; and
            ``(4) a description of the actions the State will 
        undertake to meet the performance targets of the State.
    ``(k) Intelligent Freight Transportation System.--
            ``(1) Definition of intelligent freight 
        transportation system.--In this section, the term 
        `intelligent freight transportation system' means--
                    ``(A) innovative or intelligent 
                technological transportation systems, 
                infrastructure, or facilities, including 
                elevated freight transportation facilities--
                            ``(i) in proximity to, or within, 
                        an existing right of way on a Federal-
                        aid highway; or
                            ``(ii) that connect land ports-of 
                        entry to existing Federal-aid highways; 
                        or
                    ``(B) communications or information 
                processing systems that improve the efficiency, 
                security, or safety of freight movements on the 
                Federal-aid highway system, including to 
                improve the conveyance of freight on dedicated 
                intelligent freight lanes.
            ``(2) Operating standards.--The Administrator shall 
        determine whether there is a need for establishing 
        operating standards for intelligent freight 
        transportation systems.
    ``(l) Treatment of Freight Projects.--Notwithstanding any 
other provision of law, a freight project carried out under 
this section shall be treated as if the project were on a 
Federal-aid highway.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The analysis for chapter 1 of 
title 23, United States Code, is amended by striking the item 
relating to section 167 and inserting the following:

``167. National highway freight program.''.
    (c) Repeals.--Sections 1116, 1117, and 1118 of MAP-21 (23 
U.S.C. 167 note), and the items relating to such sections in 
the table of contents in section 1(c) of such Act, are 
repealed.

SEC. 1117. FEDERAL LANDS AND TRIBAL TRANSPORTATION PROGRAMS.

    (a) Tribal Data Collection.--Section 201(c)(6) of title 23, 
United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the 
following:
                    ``(C) Tribal data collection.--In addition 
                to the data to be collected under subparagraph 
                (A), not later than 90 days after the last day 
                of each fiscal year, any entity carrying out a 
                project under the tribal transportation program 
                under section 202 shall submit to the Secretary 
                and the Secretary of the Interior, based on 
                obligations and expenditures under the tribal 
                transportation program during the preceding 
                fiscal year, the following data:
                            ``(i) The names of projects and 
                        activities carried out by the entity 
                        under the tribal transportation program 
                        during the preceding fiscal year.
                            ``(ii) A description of the 
                        projects and activities identified 
                        under clause (i).
                            ``(iii) The current status of the 
                        projects and activities identified 
                        under clause (i).
                            ``(iv) An estimate of the number of 
                        jobs created and the number of jobs 
                        retained by the projects and activities 
                        identified under clause (i).''.
    (b) Report on Tribal Government Transportation Safety 
Data.--
            (1) Findings.--Congress finds that--
                    (A) in many States, the Native American 
                population is disproportionately represented in 
                fatalities and crash statistics;
                    (B) improved crash reporting by tribal law 
                enforcement agencies would facilitate safety 
                planning and would enable Indian tribes to 
                apply more successfully for State and Federal 
                funds for safety improvements;
                    (C) the causes of underreporting of crashes 
                on Indian reservations include--
                            (i) tribal law enforcement 
                        capacity, including--
                                    (I) staffing shortages and 
                                turnover; and
                                    (II) lack of equipment, 
                                software, and training; and
                            (ii) lack of standardization in 
                        crash reporting forms and protocols; 
                        and
                    (D) without more accurate reporting of 
                crashes on Indian reservations, it is difficult 
                or impossible to fully understand the nature of 
                the problem and develop appropriate 
                countermeasures, which may include effective 
                transportation safety planning and programs 
                aimed at--
                            (i) driving under the influence 
                        (DUI) prevention;
                            (ii) pedestrian safety;
                            (iii) roadway safety improvements;
                            (iv) seat belt usage; and
                            (v) proper use of child restraints.
            (2) Report to congress.--
                    (A) In general.--Not later than 1 year 
                after the date of enactment of this Act, the 
                Secretary, after consultation with the 
                Secretary of Interior, the Secretary of Health 
                and Human Services, the Attorney General, and 
                Indian tribes, shall submit to the Committee on 
                Environment and Public Works and the Committee 
                on Indian Affairs of the Senate and the 
                Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure 
                and the Committee on Natural Resources of the 
                House of Representatives a report describing 
                the quality of transportation safety data 
                collected by States, counties, and Indian 
                tribes for transportation safety systems and 
                the relevance of that data to improving the 
                collection and sharing of data on crashes on 
                Indian reservations.
                    (B) Purposes.--The purposes of the report 
                are--
                            (i) to improve the collection and 
                        sharing of data on crashes on Indian 
                        reservations; and
                            (ii) to develop data that Indian 
                        tribes can use to recover damages to 
                        tribal property caused by motorists.
                    (C) Paperless data reporting.--In preparing 
                the report, the Secretary shall provide States, 
                counties, and Indian tribes with options and 
                best practices for transition to a paperless 
                transportation safety data reporting system 
                that--
                            (i) improves the collection of 
                        crash reports;
                            (ii) stores, archives, queries, and 
                        shares crash records; and
                            (iii) uses data exclusively--
                                    (I) to address traffic 
                                safety issues on Indian 
                                reservations; and
                                    (II) to identify and 
                                improve problem areas on public 
                                roads on Indian reservations.
                    (D) Additional budgetary resources.--The 
                Secretary shall include in the report the 
                identification of Federal transportation funds 
                provided to Indian tribes by agencies in 
                addition to the Department and the Department 
                of the Interior.
    (c) Study on Bureau of Indian Affairs Road Safety.--Not 
later than 2 years after the date of enactment of this Act, the 
Secretary, in consultation with the Secretary of Interior, the 
Attorney General, States, and Indian tribes shall--
            (1) complete a study that identifies and evaluates 
        options for improving safety on public roads on Indian 
        reservations; and
            (2) submit to the Committee on Environment and 
        Public Works and the Committee on Indian Affairs of the 
        Senate and the Committee on Transportation and 
        Infrastructure and the Committee on Natural Resources 
        of the House of Representatives a report describing the 
        results of the study.

SEC. 1118. TRIBAL TRANSPORTATION PROGRAM AMENDMENT.

    Section 202 of title 23, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)(6) by striking ``6 percent'' 
        and inserting ``5 percent''; and
            (2) in subsection (d)(2) in the matter preceding 
        subparagraph (A) by striking ``2 percent'' and 
        inserting ``3 percent''.

SEC. 1119. FEDERAL LANDS TRANSPORTATION PROGRAM.

    Section 203 of title 23, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)(1)--
                    (A) in subparagraph (B) by striking 
                ``operation'' and inserting ``capital, 
                operations,''; and
                    (B) in subparagraph (D) by striking 
                ``subparagraph (A)(iv)'' and inserting 
                ``subparagraph (A)(iv)(I)'';
            (2) in subsection (b)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1)(B)--
                            (i) in clause (iv) by striking 
                        ``and'' at the end;
                            (ii) in clause (v) by striking the 
                        period at the end and inserting a 
                        semicolon; and
                            (iii) by adding at the end the 
                        following:
                            ``(vi) the Bureau of Reclamation; 
                        and
                            ``(vii) independent Federal 
                        agencies with natural resource and land 
                        management responsibilities.''; and
                    (B) in paragraph (2)(B)--
                            (i) in the matter preceding clause 
                        (i) by inserting ``performance 
                        management, including'' after 
                        ``support''; and
                            (ii) in clause (i)(II) by striking 
                        ``, and'' and inserting ``; and''; and
            (3) in subsection (c)(2)(B) by adding at the end 
        the following:
                            ``(vi) The Bureau of 
                        Reclamation.''.

SEC. 1120. FEDERAL LANDS PROGRAMMATIC ACTIVITIES.

    Section 201(c) of title 23, United States Code, is 
amended--
            (1) in paragraph (6)(A)--
                    (A) by redesignating clauses (i) and (ii) 
                as subclauses (I) and (II), respectively (and 
                by moving the subclauses 2 ems to the right);
                    (B) in the matter preceding subclause (I) 
                (as so redesignated), by striking ``The 
                Secretaries'' and inserting the following:
                            ``(i) In general.--The 
                        Secretaries'';
                    (C) by inserting a period after ``tribal 
                transportation program''; and
                    (D) by striking ``in accordance with'' and 
                all that follows through ``including--'' and 
                inserting the following:
                            ``(ii) Requirement.--Data collected 
                        to implement the tribal transportation 
                        program shall be in accordance with the 
                        Indian Self-Determination and Education 
                        Assistance Act (25 U.S.C. 450 et seq.).
                            ``(iii) Inclusions.--Data collected 
                        under this paragraph includes--''; and
            (2) by striking paragraph (7) and inserting the 
        following--
            ``(7) Cooperative research and technology 
        deployment.--The Secretary may conduct cooperative 
        research and technology deployment in coordination with 
        Federal land management agencies, as determined 
        appropriate by the Secretary.
            ``(8) Funding.--
                    ``(A) In general.--To carry out the 
                activities described in this subsection for 
                Federal lands transportation facilities, 
                Federal lands access transportation facilities, 
                and other federally owned roads open to public 
                travel (as that term is defined in section 
                125(e)), the Secretary shall for each fiscal 
                year combine and use not greater than 5 percent 
                of the funds authorized for programs under 
                sections 203 and 204.
                    ``(B) Other activities.--In addition to the 
                activities described in subparagraph (A), funds 
                described under that subparagraph may be used 
                for--
                            ``(i) bridge inspections on any 
                        federally owned bridge even if that 
                        bridge is not included on the inventory 
                        described under section 203; and
                            ``(ii) transportation planning 
                        activities carried out by Federal land 
                        management agencies eligible for 
                        funding under this chapter.''.

SEC. 1121. TRIBAL TRANSPORTATION SELF-GOVERNANCE PROGRAM.

    (a) In General.--Chapter 2 of title 23, United States Code, 
is amended by inserting after section 206 the following:

``Sec. 207. Tribal transportation self-governance program

    ``(a) Establishment.--Subject to the requirements of this 
section, the Secretary shall establish and carry out a program 
to be known as the tribal transportation self-governance 
program. The Secretary may delegate responsibilities for 
administration of the program as the Secretary determines 
appropriate.
    ``(b) Eligibility.--
            ``(1) In general.--Subject to paragraphs (2) and 
        (3), an Indian tribe shall be eligible to participate 
        in the program if the Indian tribe requests 
        participation in the program by resolution or other 
        official action by the governing body of the Indian 
        tribe, and demonstrates, for the preceding 3 fiscal 
        years, financial stability and financial management 
        capability, and transportation program management 
        capability.
            ``(2) Criteria for determining financial stability 
        and financial management capacity.--For the purposes of 
        paragraph (1), evidence that, during the preceding 3 
        fiscal years, an Indian tribe had no uncorrected 
        significant and material audit exceptions in the 
        required annual audit of the Indian tribe's self-
        determination contracts or self-governance funding 
        agreements with any Federal agency shall be conclusive 
        evidence of the required financial stability and 
        financial management capability.
            ``(3) Criteria for determining transportation 
        program management capability.--The Secretary shall 
        require an Indian tribe to demonstrate transportation 
        program management capability, including the capability 
        to manage and complete projects eligible under this 
        title and projects eligible under chapter 53 of title 
        49, to gain eligibility for the program.
    ``(c) Compacts.--
            ``(1) Compact required.--Upon the request of an 
        eligible Indian tribe, and subject to the requirements 
        of this section, the Secretary shall negotiate and 
        enter into a written compact with the Indian tribe for 
        the purpose of providing for the participation of the 
        Indian tribe in the program.
            ``(2) Contents.--A compact entered into under 
        paragraph (1) shall set forth the general terms of the 
        government-to-government relationship between the 
        Indian tribe and the United States under the program 
        and other terms that will continue to apply in future 
        fiscal years.
            ``(3) Amendments.--A compact entered into with an 
        Indian tribe under paragraph (1) may be amended only by 
        mutual agreement of the Indian tribe and the Secretary.
    ``(d) Annual Funding Agreements.--
            ``(1) Funding agreement required.--After entering 
        into a compact with an Indian tribe under subsection 
        (c), the Secretary shall negotiate and enter into a 
        written annual funding agreement with the Indian tribe.
            ``(2) Contents.--
                    ``(A) In general.--
                            ``(i) Formula funding and 
                        discretionary grants.--A funding 
                        agreement entered into with an Indian 
                        tribe shall authorize the Indian tribe, 
                        as determined by the Indian tribe, to 
                        plan, conduct, consolidate, administer, 
                        and receive full tribal share funding, 
                        tribal transit formula funding, and 
                        funding to tribes from discretionary 
                        and competitive grants administered by 
                        the Department for all programs, 
                        services, functions, and activities (or 
                        portions thereof) that are made 
                        available to Indian tribes to carry out 
                        tribal transportation programs and 
                        programs, services, functions, and 
                        activities (or portions thereof) 
                        administered by the Secretary that are 
                        otherwise available to Indian tribes.
                            ``(ii) Transfers of state funds.--
                                    ``(I) Inclusion of 
                                transferred funds in funding 
                                agreement.--A funding agreement 
                                entered into with an Indian 
                                tribe shall include Federal-aid 
                                funds apportioned to a State 
                                under chapter 1 if the State 
                                elects to provide a portion of 
                                such funds to the Indian tribe 
                                for a project eligible under 
                                section 202(a). The provisions 
                                of this section shall be in 
                                addition to the methods for 
                                making funding contributions 
                                described in section 202(a)(9). 
                                Nothing in this section shall 
                                diminish the authority of the 
                                Secretary to provide funds to 
                                an Indian tribe under section 
                                202(a)(9).
                                    ``(II) Method for 
                                transfers.--If a State elects 
                                to provide funds described in 
                                subclause (I) to an Indian 
                                tribe--
                                            ``(aa) the transfer 
                                        may occur in accordance 
                                        with section 202(a)(9); 
                                        or
                                            ``(bb) the State 
                                        shall transfer the 
                                        funds back to the 
                                        Secretary and the 
                                        Secretary shall 
                                        transfer the funds to 
                                        the Indian tribe in 
                                        accordance with this 
                                        section.
                                    ``(III) Responsibility for 
                                transferred funds.--
                                Notwithstanding any other 
                                provision of law, if a State 
                                provides funds described in 
                                subclause (I) to an Indian 
                                tribe--
                                            ``(aa) the State 
                                        shall not be 
                                        responsible for 
                                        constructing or 
                                        maintaining a project 
                                        carried out using the 
                                        funds or for 
                                        administering or 
                                        supervising the project 
                                        or funds during the 
                                        applicable statute of 
                                        limitations period 
                                        related to the 
                                        construction of the 
                                        project; and
                                            ``(bb) the Indian 
                                        tribe shall be 
                                        responsible for 
                                        constructing and 
                                        maintaining a project 
                                        carried out using the 
                                        funds and for 
                                        administering and 
                                        supervising the project 
                                        and funds in accordance 
                                        with this section 
                                        during the applicable 
                                        statute of limitations 
                                        period related to the 
                                        construction of the 
                                        project.
                    ``(B) Administration of tribal shares.--The 
                tribal shares referred to in subparagraph (A) 
                shall be provided without regard to the agency 
                or office of the Department within which the 
                program, service, function, or activity (or 
                portion thereof) is performed.
                    ``(C) Flexible and innovative financing.--
                            ``(i) In general.--A funding 
                        agreement entered into with an Indian 
                        tribe under paragraph (1) shall include 
                        provisions pertaining to flexible and 
                        innovative financing if agreed upon by 
                        the parties.
                            ``(ii) Terms and conditions.--
                                    ``(I) Authority to issue 
                                regulations.--The Secretary may 
                                issue regulations to establish 
                                the terms and conditions 
                                relating to the flexible and 
                                innovative financing provisions 
                                referred to in clause (i).
                                    ``(II) Terms and conditions 
                                in absence of regulations.--If 
                                the Secretary does not issue 
                                regulations under subclause 
                                (I), the terms and conditions 
                                relating to the flexible and 
                                innovative financing provisions 
                                referred to in clause (i) shall 
                                be consistent with--
                                            ``(aa) agreements 
                                        entered into by the 
                                        Department under--
                                            ``(AA) section 
                                        202(b)(7); and
                                            ``(BB) section 
                                        202(d)(5), as in effect 
                                        before the date of 
                                        enactment of MAP-21 
                                        (Public Law 112-141); 
                                        or
                                            ``(bb) regulations 
                                        of the Department of 
                                        the Interior relating 
                                        to flexible financing 
                                        contained in part 170 
                                        of title 25, Code of 
                                        Federal Regulations, as 
                                        in effect on the date 
                                        of enactment of the 
                                        FAST Act.
            ``(3) Terms.--A funding agreement shall set forth--
                    ``(A) terms that generally identify the 
                programs, services, functions, and activities 
                (or portions thereof) to be performed or 
                administered by the Indian tribe; and
                    ``(B) for items identified in subparagraph 
                (A)--
                            ``(i) the general budget category 
                        assigned;
                            ``(ii) the funds to be provided, 
                        including those funds to be provided on 
                        a recurring basis;
                            ``(iii) the time and method of 
                        transfer of the funds;
                            ``(iv) the responsibilities of the 
                        Secretary and the Indian tribe; and
                            ``(v) any other provision agreed to 
                        by the Indian tribe and the Secretary.
            ``(4) Subsequent funding agreements.--
                    ``(A) Applicability of existing 
                agreement.--Absent notification from an Indian 
                tribe that the Indian tribe is withdrawing from 
                or retroceding the operation of 1 or more 
                programs, services, functions, or activities 
                (or portions thereof) identified in a funding 
                agreement, or unless otherwise agreed to by the 
                parties, each funding agreement shall remain in 
                full force and effect until a subsequent 
                funding agreement is executed.
                    ``(B) Effective date of subsequent 
                agreement.--The terms of the subsequent funding 
                agreement shall be retroactive to the end of 
                the term of the preceding funding agreement.
            ``(5) Consent of indian tribe required.--The 
        Secretary shall not revise, amend, or require 
        additional terms in a new or subsequent funding 
        agreement without the consent of the Indian tribe that 
        is subject to the agreement unless such terms are 
        required by Federal law.
    ``(e) General Provisions.--
            ``(1) Redesign and consolidation.--
                    ``(A) In general.--An Indian tribe, in any 
                manner that the Indian tribe considers to be in 
                the best interest of the Indian community being 
                served, may--
                            ``(i) redesign or consolidate 
                        programs, services, functions, and 
                        activities (or portions thereof) 
                        included in a funding agreement; and
                            ``(ii) reallocate or redirect funds 
                        for such programs, services, functions, 
                        and activities (or portions thereof), 
                        if the funds are--
                                    ``(I) expended on projects 
                                identified in a transportation 
                                improvement program approved by 
                                the Secretary; and
                                    ``(II) used in accordance 
                                with the requirements in--
                                            ``(aa) 
                                        appropriations Acts;
                                            ``(bb) this title 
                                        and chapter 53 of title 
                                        49; and
                                            ``(cc) any other 
                                        applicable law.
                    ``(B) Exception.--Notwithstanding 
                subparagraph (A), if, pursuant to subsection 
                (d), an Indian tribe receives a discretionary 
                or competitive grant from the Secretary or 
                receives State apportioned funds, the Indian 
                tribe shall use the funds for the purpose for 
                which the funds were originally authorized.
            ``(2) Retrocession.--
                    ``(A) In general.--
                            ``(i) Authority of indian tribes.--
                        An Indian tribe may retrocede (fully or 
                        partially) to the Secretary programs, 
                        services, functions, or activities (or 
                        portions thereof) included in a compact 
                        or funding agreement.
                            ``(ii) Reassumption of remaining 
                        funds.--Following a retrocession 
                        described in clause (i), the Secretary 
                        may--
                                    ``(I) reassume the 
                                remaining funding associated 
                                with the retroceded programs, 
                                functions, services, and 
                                activities (or portions 
                                thereof) included in the 
                                applicable compact or funding 
                                agreement;
                                    ``(II) out of such 
                                remaining funds, transfer funds 
                                associated with Department of 
                                Interior programs, services, 
                                functions, or activities (or 
                                portions thereof) to the 
                                Secretary of the Interior to 
                                carry out transportation 
                                services provided by the 
                                Secretary of the Interior; and
                                    ``(III) distribute funds 
                                not transferred under subclause 
                                (II) in accordance with 
                                applicable law.
                            ``(iii) Correction of programs.--If 
                        the Secretary makes a finding under 
                        subsection (f)(2)(B) and no funds are 
                        available under subsection 
                        (f)(2)(A)(ii), the Secretary shall not 
                        be required to provide additional funds 
                        to complete or correct any programs, 
                        functions, services, or activities (or 
                        portions thereof).
                    ``(B) Effective date.--Unless the Indian 
                tribe rescinds a request for retrocession, the 
                retrocession shall become effective within the 
                timeframe specified by the parties in the 
                compact or funding agreement. In the absence of 
                such a specification, the retrocession shall 
                become effective on--
                            ``(i) the earlier of--
                                    ``(I) 1 year after the date 
                                of submission of the request; 
                                or
                                    ``(II) the date on which 
                                the funding agreement expires; 
                                or
                            ``(ii) such date as may be mutually 
                        agreed upon by the parties and, with 
                        respect to Department of the Interior 
                        programs, functions, services, and 
                        activities (or portions thereof), the 
                        Secretary of the Interior.
    ``(f) Provisions Relating to Secretary.--
            ``(1) Decisionmaker.--A decision that relates to an 
        appeal of the rejection of a final offer by the 
        Department shall be made either--
                    ``(A) by an official of the Department who 
                holds a position at a higher organizational 
                level within the Department than the level of 
                the departmental agency in which the decision 
                that is the subject of the appeal was made; or
                    ``(B) by an administrative judge.
            ``(2) Termination of compact or funding 
        agreement.--
                    ``(A) Authority to terminate.--
                            ``(i) Provision to be included in 
                        compact or funding agreement.--A 
                        compact or funding agreement shall 
                        include a provision authorizing the 
                        Secretary, if the Secretary makes a 
                        finding described in subparagraph (B), 
                        to--
                                    ``(I) terminate the compact 
                                or funding agreement (or a 
                                portion thereof); and
                                    ``(II) reassume the 
                                remaining funding associated 
                                with the reassumed programs, 
                                functions, services, and 
                                activities included in the 
                                compact or funding agreement.
                            ``(ii) Transfers of funds.--Out of 
                        any funds reassumed under clause 
                        (i)(II), the Secretary may transfer the 
                        funds associated with Department of the 
                        Interior programs, functions, services, 
                        and activities (or portions thereof) to 
                        the Secretary of the Interior to 
                        provide continued transportation 
                        services in accordance with applicable 
                        law.
                    ``(B) Findings resulting in termination.--
                The finding referred to in subparagraph (A) is 
                a specific finding of--
                            ``(i) imminent jeopardy to a trust 
                        asset, natural resources, or public 
                        health and safety that is caused by an 
                        act or omission of the Indian tribe and 
                        that arises out of a failure to carry 
                        out the compact or funding agreement, 
                        as determined by the Secretary; or
                            ``(ii) gross mismanagement with 
                        respect to funds or programs 
                        transferred to the Indian tribe under 
                        the compact or funding agreement, as 
                        determined by the Secretary in 
                        consultation with the Inspector General 
                        of the Department, as appropriate.
                    ``(C) Prohibition.--The Secretary shall not 
                terminate a compact or funding agreement (or 
                portion thereof) unless--
                            ``(i) the Secretary has first 
                        provided written notice and a hearing 
                        on the record to the Indian tribe that 
                        is subject to the compact or funding 
                        agreement; and
                            ``(ii) the Indian tribe has not 
                        taken corrective action to remedy the 
                        mismanagement of funds or programs or 
                        the imminent jeopardy to a trust asset, 
                        natural resource, or public health and 
                        safety.
                    ``(D) Exception.--
                            ``(i) In general.--Notwithstanding 
                        subparagraph (C), the Secretary, upon 
                        written notification to an Indian tribe 
                        that is subject to a compact or funding 
                        agreement, may immediately terminate 
                        the compact or funding agreement (or 
                        portion thereof) if--
                                    ``(I) the Secretary makes a 
                                finding of imminent substantial 
                                and irreparable jeopardy to a 
                                trust asset, natural resource, 
                                or public health and safety; 
                                and
                                    ``(II) the jeopardy arises 
                                out of a failure to carry out 
                                the compact or funding 
                                agreement.
                            ``(ii) Hearings.--If the Secretary 
                        terminates a compact or funding 
                        agreement (or portion thereof) under 
                        clause (i), the Secretary shall provide 
                        the Indian tribe subject to the compact 
                        or agreement with a hearing on the 
                        record not later than 10 days after the 
                        date of such termination.
                    ``(E) Burden of proof.--In any hearing or 
                appeal involving a decision to terminate a 
                compact or funding agreement (or portion 
                thereof) under this paragraph, the Secretary 
                shall have the burden of proof in demonstrating 
                by clear and convincing evidence the validity 
                of the grounds for the termination.
    ``(g) Cost Principles.--In administering funds received 
under this section, an Indian tribe shall apply cost principles 
under the applicable Office of Management and Budget circular, 
except as modified by section 106 of the Indian Self-
Determination and Education Assistance Act (25 U.S.C. 450j-1), 
other provisions of law, or by any exemptions to applicable 
Office of Management and Budget circulars subsequently granted 
by the Office of Management and Budget. No other audit or 
accounting standards shall be required by the Secretary. Any 
claim by the Federal Government against the Indian tribe 
relating to funds received under a funding agreement based on 
any audit conducted pursuant to this subsection shall be 
subject to the provisions of section 106(f) of that Act (25 
U.S.C. 450j-1(f)).
    ``(h) Transfer of Funds.--The Secretary shall provide funds 
to an Indian tribe under a funding agreement in an amount equal 
to--
            ``(1) the sum of the funding that the Indian tribe 
        would otherwise receive for the program, function, 
        service, or activity in accordance with a funding 
        formula or other allocation method established under 
        this title or chapter 53 of title 49; and
            ``(2) such additional amounts as the Secretary 
        determines equal the amounts that would have been 
        withheld for the costs of the Bureau of Indian Affairs 
        for administration of the program or project.
    ``(i) Construction Programs.--
            ``(1) Standards.--Construction projects carried out 
        under programs administered by an Indian tribe with 
        funds transferred to the Indian tribe pursuant to a 
        funding agreement entered into under this section shall 
        be constructed pursuant to the construction program 
        standards set forth in applicable regulations or as 
        specifically approved by the Secretary (or the 
        Secretary's designee).
            ``(2) Monitoring.--Construction programs shall be 
        monitored by the Secretary in accordance with 
        applicable regulations.
    ``(j) Facilitation.--
            ``(1) Secretarial interpretation.--Except as 
        otherwise provided by law, the Secretary shall 
        interpret all Federal laws, Executive orders, and 
        regulations in a manner that will facilitate--
                    ``(A) the inclusion of programs, services, 
                functions, and activities (or portions thereof) 
                and funds associated therewith, in compacts and 
                funding agreements; and
                    ``(B) the implementation of the compacts 
                and funding agreements.
            ``(2) Regulation waiver.--
                    ``(A) In general.--An Indian tribe may 
                submit to the Secretary a written request to 
                waive application of a regulation promulgated 
                under this section with respect to a compact or 
                funding agreement. The request shall identify 
                the regulation sought to be waived and the 
                basis for the request.
                    ``(B) Approvals and denials.--
                            ``(i) In general.--Not later than 
                        90 days after the date of receipt of a 
                        written request under subparagraph (A), 
                        the Secretary shall approve or deny the 
                        request in writing.
                            ``(ii) Review.--The Secretary shall 
                        review any application by an Indian 
                        tribe for a waiver bearing in mind 
                        increasing opportunities for using 
                        flexible policy approaches at the 
                        Indian tribal level.
                            ``(iii) Deemed approval.--If the 
                        Secretary does not approve or deny a 
                        request submitted under subparagraph 
                        (A) on or before the last day of the 
                        90-day period referred to in clause 
                        (i), the request shall be deemed 
                        approved.
                            ``(iv) Denials.--If the application 
                        for a waiver is not granted, the agency 
                        shall provide the applicant with the 
                        reasons for the denial as part of the 
                        written response required in clause 
                        (i).
                            ``(v) Finality of decisions.--A 
                        decision by the Secretary under this 
                        subparagraph shall be final for the 
                        Department.
    ``(k) Disclaimers.--
            ``(1) Existing authority.--Notwithstanding any 
        other provision of law, upon the election of an Indian 
        tribe, the Secretary shall--
                    ``(A) maintain current tribal 
                transportation program funding agreements and 
                program agreements; or
                    ``(B) enter into new agreements under the 
                authority of section 202(b)(7).
            ``(2) Limitation on statutory construction.--
        Nothing in this section may be construed to impair or 
        diminish the authority of the Secretary under section 
        202(b)(7).
    ``(l) Applicability of Indian Self-Determination and 
Education Assistance Act.--Except to the extent in conflict 
with this section (as determined by the Secretary), the 
following provisions of the Indian Self-Determination and 
Education Assistance Act shall apply to compact and funding 
agreements (except that any reference to the Secretary of the 
Interior or the Secretary of Health and Human Services in such 
provisions shall be treated as a reference to the Secretary of 
Transportation):
            ``(1) Subsections (a), (b), (d), (g), and (h) of 
        section 506 of such Act (25 U.S.C. 458aaa-5), relating 
        to general provisions.
            ``(2) Subsections (b) through (e) and (g) of 
        section 507 of such Act (25 U.S.C.458aaa-6), relating 
        to provisions relating to the Secretary of Health and 
        Human Services.
            ``(3) Subsections (a), (b), (d), (e), (g), (h), 
        (i), and (k) of section 508 of such Act (25 U.S.C. 
        458aaa-7), relating to transfer of funds.
            ``(4) Section 510 of such Act (25 U.S.C. 458aaa-9), 
        relating to Federal procurement laws and regulations.
            ``(5) Section 511 of such Act (25 U.S.C. 458aaa-
        10), relating to civil actions.
            ``(6) Subsections (a)(1), (a)(2), and (c) through 
        (f) of section 512 of such Act (25 U.S.C. 458aaa-11), 
        relating to facilitation, except that subsection (c)(1) 
        of that section shall be applied by substituting 
        `transportation facilities and other facilities' for 
        `school buildings, hospitals, and other facilities'.
            ``(7) Subsections (a) and (b) of section 515 of 
        such Act (25 U.S.C. 458aaa-14), relating to 
        disclaimers.
            ``(8) Subsections (a) and (b) of section 516 of 
        such Act (25 U.S.C. 458aaa-15), relating to application 
        of title I provisions.
            ``(9) Section 518 of such Act (25 U.S.C. 458aaa-
        17), relating to appeals.
    ``(m) Definitions.--
            ``(1) In general.--In this section, the following 
        definitions apply (except as otherwise expressly 
        provided):
                    ``(A) Compact.--The term `compact' means a 
                compact between the Secretary and an Indian 
                tribe entered into under subsection (c).
                    ``(B) Department.--The term `Department' 
                means the Department of Transportation.
                    ``(C) Eligible indian tribe.--The term 
                `eligible Indian tribe' means an Indian tribe 
                that is eligible to participate in the program, 
                as determined under subsection (b).
                    ``(D) Funding agreement.--The term `funding 
                agreement' means a funding agreement between 
                the Secretary and an Indian tribe entered into 
                under subsection (d).
                    ``(E) Indian tribe.--The term `Indian 
                tribe' means any Indian or Alaska Native tribe, 
                band, nation, pueblo, village, or community 
                that is recognized as eligible for the special 
                programs and services provided by the United 
                States to Indians because of their status as 
                Indians. In any case in which an Indian tribe 
                has authorized another Indian tribe, an 
                intertribal consortium, or a tribal 
                organization to plan for or carry out programs, 
                services, functions, or activities (or portions 
                thereof) on its behalf under this section, the 
                authorized Indian tribe, intertribal 
                consortium, or tribal organization shall have 
                the rights and responsibilities of the 
                authorizing Indian tribe (except as otherwise 
                provided in the authorizing resolution or in 
                this title). In such event, the term `Indian 
                tribe' as used in this section shall include 
                such other authorized Indian tribe, intertribal 
                consortium, or tribal organization.
                    ``(F) Program.--The term `program' means 
                the tribal transportation self-governance 
                program established under this section.
                    ``(G) Secretary.--The term `Secretary' 
                means the Secretary of Transportation.
                    ``(H) Transportation programs.--The term 
                `transportation programs' means all programs 
                administered or financed by the Department 
                under this title and chapter 53 of title 49.
            ``(2) Applicability of other definitions.--In this 
        section, the definitions set forth in sections 4 and 
        505 of the Indian Self-Determination and Education 
        Assistance Act (25 U.S.C. 450b; 458aaa) apply, except 
        as otherwise expressly provided in this section.
    ``(n) Regulations.--
            ``(1) In general.--
                    ``(A) Promulgation.--Not later than 90 days 
                after the date of enactment of the FAST Act, 
                the Secretary shall initiate procedures under 
                subchapter III of chapter 5 of title 5 to 
                negotiate and promulgate such regulations as 
                are necessary to carry out this section.
                    ``(B) Publication of proposed 
                regulations.--Proposed regulations to implement 
                this section shall be published in the Federal 
                Register by the Secretary not later than 21 
                months after such date of enactment.
                    ``(C) Expiration of authority.--The 
                authority to promulgate regulations under 
                subparagraph (A) shall expire 30 months after 
                such date of enactment.
                    ``(D) Extension of deadlines.--A deadline 
                set forth in subparagraph (B) or (C) may be 
                extended up to 180 days if the negotiated 
                rulemaking committee referred to in paragraph 
                (2) concludes that the committee cannot meet 
                the deadline and the Secretary so notifies the 
                appropriate committees of Congress.
            ``(2) Committee.--
                    ``(A) In general.--A negotiated rulemaking 
                committee established pursuant to section 565 
                of title 5 to carry out this subsection shall 
                have as its members only Federal and tribal 
                government representatives, a majority of whom 
                shall be nominated by and be representatives of 
                Indian tribes with funding agreements under 
                this title.
                    ``(B) Requirements.--The committee shall 
                confer with, and accommodate participation by, 
                representatives of Indian tribes, inter-tribal 
                consortia, tribal organizations, and individual 
                tribal members.
                    ``(C) Adaptation of procedures.--The 
                Secretary shall adapt the negotiated rulemaking 
                procedures to the unique context of self-
                governance and the government-to-government 
                relationship between the United States and 
                Indian tribes.
            ``(3) Effect.--The lack of promulgated regulations 
        shall not limit the effect of this section.
            ``(4) Effect of circulars, policies, manuals, 
        guidance, and rules.--Unless expressly agreed to by the 
        participating Indian tribe in the compact or funding 
        agreement, the participating Indian tribe shall not be 
        subject to any agency circular, policy, manual, 
        guidance, or rule adopted by the Department, except 
        regulations promulgated under this section.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The analysis for chapter 2 of 
title 23, United States Code, is amended by inserting after the 
item relating to section 206 the following:

``207. Tribal transportation self-governance program.''.

SEC. 1122. STATE FLEXIBILITY FOR NATIONAL HIGHWAY SYSTEM MODIFICATIONS.

    (a) National Highway System Flexibility.--Not later than 90 
days after the date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary 
shall issue guidance relating to working with State departments 
of transportation that request assistance from the division 
offices of the Federal Highway Administration--
            (1) to review roads classified as principal 
        arterials in the State that were added to the National 
        Highway System as of October 1, 2012, so as to comply 
        with section 103 of title 23, United States Code; and
            (2) to identify any necessary functional 
        classification changes to rural and urban principal 
        arterials.
    (b) Administrative Actions.--The Secretary shall direct the 
division offices of the Federal Highway Administration to work 
with the applicable State department of transportation that 
requests assistance under this section--
            (1) to assist in the review of roads in accordance 
        with guidance issued under subsection (a);
            (2) to expeditiously review and facilitate requests 
        from States to reclassify roads classified as principal 
        arterials; and
            (3) in the case of a State that requests the 
        withdrawal of reclassified roads from the National 
        Highway System under section 103(b)(3) of title 23, 
        United States Code, to carry out that withdrawal if the 
        inclusion of the reclassified road in the National 
        Highway System is not consistent with the needs and 
        priorities of the community or region in which the 
        reclassified road is located.
    (c) National Highway System Modification Regulations.--The 
Secretary shall--
            (1) review the National Highway System modification 
        process described in appendix D of part 470 of title 
        23, Code of Federal Regulations (or successor 
        regulations); and
            (2) take any action necessary to ensure that a 
        State may submit to the Secretary a request to modify 
        the National Highway System by withdrawing a road from 
        the National Highway System.
    (d) Report to Congress.--Not later than 1 year after the 
date of enactment of this Act, and annually thereafter, the 
Secretary shall submit to the Committee on Environment and 
Public Works of the Senate and the Committee on Transportation 
and Infrastructure of the House of Representatives a report 
that includes a description of--
            (1) each request for reclassification of National 
        Highway System roads;
            (2) the status of each request; and
            (3) if applicable, the justification for the denial 
        by the Secretary of a request.
    (e) Modifications to the National Highway System.--Section 
103(b)(3)(A) of title 23, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in the matter preceding clause (i)--
                    (A) by striking ``, including any 
                modification consisting of a connector to a 
                major intermodal terminal,''; and
                    (B) by inserting ``, including any 
                modification consisting of a connector to a 
                major intermodal terminal or the withdrawal of 
                a road from that system,'' after ``the National 
                Highway System''; and
            (2) in clause (ii)--
                    (A) by striking ``(ii) enhances'' and 
                inserting ``(ii)(I) enhances'';
                    (B) by striking the period at the end and 
                inserting ``; or''; and
                    (C) by adding at the end the following:
                            ``(II) in the case of the 
                        withdrawal of a road, is reasonable and 
                        appropriate.''.

SEC. 1123. NATIONALLY SIGNIFICANT FEDERAL LANDS AND TRIBAL PROJECTS 
                    PROGRAM.

    (a) Purpose.--The Secretary shall establish a nationally 
significant Federal lands and tribal projects program (referred 
to in this section as the ``program'') to provide funding to 
construct, reconstruct, or rehabilitate nationally significant 
Federal lands and tribal transportation projects.
    (b) Eligible Applicants.--
            (1) In general.--Except as provided in paragraph 
        (2), entities eligible to receive funds under sections 
        201, 202, 203, and 204 of title 23, United States Code, 
        may apply for funding under the program.
            (2) Special rule.--A State, county, or unit of 
        local government may only apply for funding under the 
        program if sponsored by an eligible Federal land 
        management agency or Indian tribe.
    (c) Eligible Projects.--An eligible project under the 
program shall be a single continuous project--
            (1) on a Federal lands transportation facility, a 
        Federal lands access transportation facility, or a 
        tribal transportation facility (as those terms are 
        defined in section 101 of title 23, United States 
        Code), except that such facility is not required to be 
        included in an inventory described in section 202 or 
        203 of such title;
            (2) for which completion of activities required 
        under the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (42 
        U.S.C. 4321 et seq.) has been demonstrated through--
                    (A) a record of decision with respect to 
                the project;
                    (B) a finding that the project has no 
                significant impact; or
                    (C) a determination that the project is 
                categorically excluded; and
            (3) having an estimated cost, based on the results 
        of preliminary engineering, equal to or exceeding 
        $25,000,000, with priority consideration given to 
        projects with an estimated cost equal to or exceeding 
        $50,000,000.
    (d) Eligible Activities.--
            (1) In general.--Subject to paragraph (2), an 
        eligible applicant receiving funds under the program 
        may only use the funds for construction, 
        reconstruction, and rehabilitation activities.
            (2) Ineligible activities.--An eligible applicant 
        may not use funds received under the program for 
        activities relating to project design.
    (e) Applications.--Eligible applicants shall submit to the 
Secretary an application at such time, in such form, and 
containing such information as the Secretary may require.
    (f) Selection Criteria.--In selecting a project to receive 
funds under the program, the Secretary shall consider the 
extent to which the project--
            (1) furthers the goals of the Department, including 
        state of good repair, economic competitiveness, quality 
        of life, and safety;
            (2) improves the condition of critical 
        transportation facilities, including multimodal 
        facilities;
            (3) needs construction, reconstruction, or 
        rehabilitation;
            (4) has costs matched by funds that are not 
        provided under this section, with projects with a 
        greater percentage of other sources of matching funds 
        ranked ahead of lesser matches;
            (5) is included in or eligible for inclusion in the 
        National Register of Historic Places;
            (6) uses new technologies and innovations that 
        enhance the efficiency of the project;
            (7) is supported by funds, other than the funds 
        received under the program, to construct, maintain, and 
        operate the facility;
            (8) spans 2 or more States; and
            (9) serves land owned by multiple Federal agencies 
        or Indian tribes.
    (g) Federal Share.--
            (1) In general.--The Federal share of the cost of a 
        project shall be up to 90 percent.
            (2) Non-federal share.--Notwithstanding any other 
        provision of law, any Federal funds other than those 
        made available under title 23 or title 49, United 
        States Code, may be used to pay the non-Federal share 
        of the cost of a project carried out under this 
        section.
    (h) Authorization of Appropriations.--There is authorized 
to be appropriated to carry out this section $100,000,000 for 
each of fiscal years 2016 through 2020. Such sums shall remain 
available for a period of 3 fiscal years following the fiscal 
year for which the amounts are appropriated.

            Subtitle B--Planning and Performance Management

SEC. 1201. METROPOLITAN TRANSPORTATION PLANNING.

    Section 134 of title 23, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)(1)--
                    (A) by striking ``people and freight and'' 
                and inserting ``people and freight,'' and
                    (B) by inserting ``and take into 
                consideration resiliency needs'' after 
                ``urbanized areas,'';
            (2) in subsection (c)(2) by striking ``and bicycle 
        transportation facilities'' and inserting ``, bicycle 
        transportation facilities, and intermodal facilities 
        that support intercity transportation, including 
        intercity buses and intercity bus facilities and 
        commuter vanpool providers'';
            (3) in subsection (d)--
                    (A) by redesignating paragraphs (3) through 
                (6) as paragraphs (4) through (7), 
                respectively;
                    (B) by inserting after paragraph (2) the 
                following:
            ``(3) Representation.--
                    ``(A) In general.--Designation or selection 
                of officials or representatives under paragraph 
                (2) shall be determined by the metropolitan 
                planning organization according to the bylaws 
                or enabling statute of the organization.
                    ``(B) Public transportation 
                representative.--Subject to the bylaws or 
                enabling statute of the metropolitan planning 
                organization, a representative of a provider of 
                public transportation may also serve as a 
                representative of a local municipality.
                    ``(C) Powers of certain officials.--An 
                official described in paragraph (2)(B) shall 
                have responsibilities, actions, duties, voting 
                rights, and any other authority commensurate 
                with other officials described in paragraph 
                (2).''; and
                    (C) in paragraph (5) as so redesignated by 
                striking ``paragraph (5)'' and inserting 
                ``paragraph (6)'';
            (4) in subsection (e)(4)(B) by striking 
        ``subsection (d)(5)'' and inserting ``subsection 
        (d)(6)'';
            (5) in subsection (g)(3)(A) by inserting ``tourism, 
        natural disaster risk reduction,'' after ``economic 
        development,'';
            (6) in subsection (h)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1)--
                            (i) in subparagraph (G) by striking 
                        ``and'' at the end;
                            (ii) in subparagraph (H) by 
                        striking the period at the end and 
                        inserting a semicolon; and
                            (iii) by adding at the end the 
                        following:
                    ``(I) improve the resiliency and 
                reliability of the transportation system and 
                reduce or mitigate stormwater impacts of 
                surface transportation; and
                    ``(J) enhance travel and tourism.''; and
                    (B) in paragraph (2)(A) by striking ``and 
                in section 5301(c) of title 49'' and inserting 
                ``and the general purposes described in section 
                5301 of title 49'';
            (7) in subsection (i)--
                    (A) in paragraph (2)--
                            (i) in subparagraph (A)(i) by 
                        striking ``transit,'' and inserting 
                        ``public transportation facilities, 
                        intercity bus facilities,'';
                            (ii) in subparagraph (G)--
                                    (I) by striking ``and 
                                provide'' and inserting ``, 
                                provide''; and
                                    (II) by inserting ``, and 
                                reduce the vulnerability of the 
                                existing transportation 
                                infrastructure to natural 
                                disasters'' before the period 
                                at the end; and
                            (iii) in subparagraph (H) by 
                        inserting ``including consideration of 
                        the role that intercity buses may play 
                        in reducing congestion, pollution, and 
                        energy consumption in a cost-effective 
                        manner and strategies and investments 
                        that preserve and enhance intercity bus 
                        systems, including systems that are 
                        privately owned and operated'' before 
                        the period at the end;
                    (B) in paragraph (6)(A)--
                            (i) by inserting ``public ports,'' 
                        before ``freight shippers,''; and
                            (ii) by inserting ``(including 
                        intercity bus operators, employer-based 
                        commuting programs, such as a carpool 
                        program, vanpool program, transit 
                        benefit program, parking cash-out 
                        program, shuttle program, or telework 
                        program)'' after ``private providers of 
                        transportation''; and
                    (C) in paragraph (8) by striking 
                ``paragraph (2)(C)'' and inserting ``paragraph 
                (2)(E)'' each place it appears;
            (8) in subsection (k)(3)--
                    (A) in subparagraph (A) by inserting 
                ``(including intercity bus operators, employer-
                based commuting programs such as a carpool 
                program, vanpool program, transit benefit 
                program, parking cash-out program, shuttle 
                program, or telework program), job access 
                projects,'' after ``reduction''; and
                    (B) by adding at the end the following:
                    ``(C) Congestion management plan.--A 
                metropolitan planning organization serving a 
                transportation management area may develop a 
                plan that includes projects and strategies that 
                will be considered in the TIP of such 
                metropolitan planning organization. Such plan 
                shall--
                            ``(i) develop regional goals to 
                        reduce vehicle miles traveled during 
                        peak commuting hours and improve 
                        transportation connections between 
                        areas with high job concentration and 
                        areas with high concentrations of low-
                        income households;
                            ``(ii) identify existing public 
                        transportation services, employer-based 
                        commuter programs, and other existing 
                        transportation services that support 
                        access to jobs in the region; and
                            ``(iii) identify proposed projects 
                        and programs to reduce congestion and 
                        increase job access opportunities.
                    ``(D) Participation.--In developing the 
                plan under subparagraph (C), a metropolitan 
                planning organization shall consult with 
                employers, private and nonprofit providers of 
                public transportation, transportation 
                management organizations, and organizations 
                that provide job access reverse commute 
                projects or job-related services to low-income 
                individuals.'';
            (9) in subsection (l)--
                    (A) by adding a period at the end of 
                paragraph (1); and
                    (B) in paragraph (2)(D) by striking ``of 
                less than 200,000'' and inserting ``with a 
                population of 200,000 or less'';
            (10) in subsection (n)(1) by inserting ``49'' after 
        ``chapter 53 of title'';
            (11) in subsection (p) by striking ``Funds set 
        aside under section 104(f)'' and inserting ``Funds 
        apportioned under paragraphs (5)(D) and (6) of section 
        104(b)''; and
            (12) by adding at the end the following:
    ``(r) Bi-State Metropolitan Planning Organization.--
            ``(1) Definition of bi-state mpo region.--In this 
        subsection, the term `Bi-State MPO Region' has the 
        meaning given the term `region' in subsection (a) of 
        Article II of the Lake Tahoe Regional Planning Compact 
        (Public Law 96-551; 94 Stat. 3234).
            ``(2) Treatment.--For the purpose of this title, 
        the Bi-State MPO Region shall be treated as--
                    ``(A) a metropolitan planning organization;
                    ``(B) a transportation management area 
                under subsection (k); and
                    ``(C) an urbanized area, which is comprised 
                of a population of 145,000 in the State of 
                California and a population of 65,000 in the 
                State of Nevada.
            ``(3) Suballocated funding.--
                    ``(A) Planning.--In determining the amounts 
                under subparagraph (A) of section 133(d)(1) 
                that shall be obligated for a fiscal year in 
                the States of California and Nevada under 
                clauses (i), (ii), and (iii) of that 
                subparagraph, the Secretary shall, for each of 
                those States--
                            ``(i) calculate the population 
                        under each of those clauses;
                            ``(ii) decrease the amount under 
                        section 133(d)(1)(A)(iii) by the 
                        population specified in paragraph (2) 
                        of this subsection for the Bi-State MPO 
                        Region in that State; and
                            ``(iii) increase the amount under 
                        section 133(d)(1)(A)(i) by the 
                        population specified in paragraph (2) 
                        of this subsection for the Bi-State MPO 
                        Region in that State.
                    ``(B) STBGP set aside.--In determining the 
                amounts under paragraph (2) of section 133(h) 
                that shall be obligated for a fiscal year in 
                the States of California and Nevada, the 
                Secretary shall, for the purpose of that 
                subsection, calculate the populations for each 
                of those States in a manner consistent with 
                subparagraph (A).''.

SEC. 1202. STATEWIDE AND NONMETROPOLITAN TRANSPORTATION PLANNING.

    Section 135 of title 23, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)(2) by striking ``and bicycle 
        transportation facilities'' and inserting, ``, bicycle 
        transportation facilities, and intermodal facilities 
        that support intercity transportation, including 
        intercity buses and intercity bus facilities and 
        commuter van pool providers'';
            (2) in subsection (d)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1)--
                            (i) in subparagraph (G) by striking 
                        ``and'' at the end;
                            (ii) in subparagraph (H) by 
                        striking the period at the end and 
                        inserting a semicolon; and
                            (iii) by adding at the end the 
                        following:
                    ``(I) improve the resiliency and 
                reliability of the transportation system and 
                reduce or mitigate stormwater impacts of 
                surface transportation; and
                    ``(J) enhance travel and tourism.''; and
                    (B) in paragraph (2)--
                            (i) in subparagraph (A) by striking 
                        ``and in section 5301(c) of title 49'' 
                        and inserting ``and the general 
                        purposes described in section 5301 of 
                        title 49'';
                            (ii) in subparagraph (B)(ii) by 
                        striking ``urbanized''; and
                            (iii) in subparagraph (C) by 
                        striking ``urbanized'';
            (3) in subsection (f)--
                    (A) in paragraph (3)(A)(ii)--
                            (i) by inserting ``public ports,'' 
                        before ``freight shippers,''; and
                            (ii) by inserting ``(including 
                        intercity bus operators, employer-based 
                        commuting programs, such as a carpool 
                        program, vanpool program, transit 
                        benefit program, parking cash-out 
                        program, shuttle program, or telework 
                        program)'' after ``private providers of 
                        transportation''; and
                    (B) in paragraph (7), in the matter 
                preceding subparagraph (A), by striking 
                ``should'' and inserting ``shall''; and
                    (C) in paragraph (8), by inserting ``, 
                including consideration of the role that 
                intercity buses may play in reducing 
                congestion, pollution, and energy consumption 
                in a cost-effective manner and strategies and 
                investments that preserve and enhance intercity 
                bus systems, including systems that are 
                privately owned and operated'' before the 
                period at the end; and
            (4) in subsection (g)(3)--
                    (A) by inserting ``public ports,'' before 
                ``freight shippers''; and
                    (B) by inserting ``(including intercity bus 
                operators),'' after ``private providers of 
                transportation''.

              Subtitle C--Acceleration of Project Delivery

SEC. 1301. SATISFACTION OF REQUIREMENTS FOR CERTAIN HISTORIC SITES.

    (a) Highways.--Section 138 of title 23, United States Code, 
is amended by adding at the end the following:
    ``(c) Satisfaction of Requirements for Certain Historic 
Sites.--
            ``(1) In general.--The Secretary shall--
                    ``(A) align, to the maximum extent 
                practicable, with the requirements of the 
                National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (42 
                U.S.C. 4321 et seq.) and section 306108 of 
                title 54, including implementing regulations; 
                and
                    ``(B) not later than 90 days after the date 
                of enactment of this subsection, coordinate 
                with the Secretary of the Interior and the 
                Executive Director of the Advisory Council on 
                Historic Preservation (referred to in this 
                subsection as the `Council') to establish 
                procedures to satisfy the requirements 
                described in subparagraph (A) (including 
                regulations).
            ``(2) Avoidance alternative analysis.--
                    ``(A) In general.--If, in an analysis 
                required under the National Environmental 
                Policy Act of 1969 (42 U.S.C. 4321 et seq.), 
                the Secretary determines that there is no 
                feasible or prudent alternative to avoid use of 
                a historic site, the Secretary may--
                            ``(i) include the determination of 
                        the Secretary in the analysis required 
                        under that Act;
                            ``(ii) provide a notice of the 
                        determination to--
                                    ``(I) each applicable State 
                                historic preservation officer 
                                and tribal historic 
                                preservation officer;
                                    ``(II) the Council, if the 
                                Council is participating in the 
                                consultation process under 
                                section 306108 of title 54; and
                                    ``(III) the Secretary of 
                                the Interior; and
                            ``(iii) request from the applicable 
                        preservation officer, the Council, and 
                        the Secretary of the Interior a 
                        concurrence that the determination is 
                        sufficient to satisfy subsection 
                        (a)(1).
                    ``(B) Concurrence.--If the applicable 
                preservation officer, the Council, and the 
                Secretary of the Interior each provide a 
                concurrence requested under subparagraph 
                (A)(iii), no further analysis under subsection 
                (a)(1) shall be required.
                    ``(C) Publication.--A notice of a 
                determination, together with each relevant 
                concurrence to that determination, under 
                subparagraph (A) shall--
                            ``(i) be included in the record of 
                        decision or finding of no significant 
                        impact of the Secretary; and
                            ``(ii) be posted on an appropriate 
                        Federal website by not later than 3 
                        days after the date of receipt by the 
                        Secretary of all concurrences requested 
                        under subparagraph (A)(iii).
            ``(3) Aligning historical reviews.--
                    ``(A) In general.--If the Secretary, the 
                applicable preservation officer, the Council, 
                and the Secretary of the Interior concur that 
                no feasible and prudent alternative exists as 
                described in paragraph (2), the Secretary may 
                provide to the applicable preservation officer, 
                the Council, and the Secretary of the Interior 
                notice of the intent of the Secretary to 
                satisfy subsection (a)(2) through the 
                consultation requirements of section 306108 of 
                title 54.
                    ``(B) Satisfaction of conditions.--To 
                satisfy subsection (a)(2), each individual 
                described in paragraph (2)(A)(ii) shall concur 
                in the treatment of the applicable historic 
                site described in the memorandum of agreement 
                or programmatic agreement developed under 
                section 306108 of title 54.''.
    (b) Public Transportation.--Section 303 of title 49, United 
States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following:
    ``(e) Satisfaction of Requirements for Certain Historic 
Sites.--
            ``(1) In general.--The Secretary shall--
                    ``(A) align, to the maximum extent 
                practicable, the requirements of this section 
                with the requirements of the National 
                Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (42 U.S.C. 
                4321 et seq.) and section 306108 of title 54, 
                including implementing regulations; and
                    ``(B) not later than 90 days after the date 
                of enactment of this subsection, coordinate 
                with the Secretary of the Interior and the 
                Executive Director of the Advisory Council on 
                Historic Preservation (referred to in this 
                subsection as the `Council') to establish 
                procedures to satisfy the requirements 
                described in subparagraph (A) (including 
                regulations).
            ``(2) Avoidance alternative analysis.--
                    ``(A) In general.--If, in an analysis 
                required under the National Environmental 
                Policy Act of 1969 (42 U.S.C. 4321 et seq.), 
                the Secretary determines that there is no 
                feasible or prudent alternative to avoid use of 
                a historic site, the Secretary may--
                            ``(i) include the determination of 
                        the Secretary in the analysis required 
                        under that Act;
                            ``(ii) provide a notice of the 
                        determination to--
                                    ``(I) each applicable State 
                                historic preservation officer 
                                and tribal historic 
                                preservation officer;
                                    ``(II) the Council, if the 
                                Council is participating in the 
                                consultation process under 
                                section 306108 of title 54; and
                                    ``(III) the Secretary of 
                                the Interior; and
                            ``(iii) request from the applicable 
                        preservation officer, the Council, and 
                        the Secretary of the Interior a 
                        concurrence that the determination is 
                        sufficient to satisfy subsection 
                        (c)(1).
                    ``(B) Concurrence.--If the applicable 
                preservation officer, the Council, and the 
                Secretary of the Interior each provide a 
                concurrence requested under subparagraph 
                (A)(iii), no further analysis under subsection 
                (c)(1) shall be required.
                    ``(C) Publication.--A notice of a 
                determination, together with each relevant 
                concurrence to that determination, under 
                subparagraph (A) shall--
                            ``(i) be included in the record of 
                        decision or finding of no significant 
                        impact of the Secretary; and
                            ``(ii) be posted on an appropriate 
                        Federal website by not later than 3 
                        days after the date of receipt by the 
                        Secretary of all concurrences requested 
                        under subparagraph (A)(iii).
            ``(3) Aligning historical reviews.--
                    ``(A) In general.--If the Secretary, the 
                applicable preservation officer, the Council, 
                and the Secretary of the Interior concur that 
                no feasible and prudent alternative exists as 
                described in paragraph (2), the Secretary may 
                provide to the applicable preservation officer, 
                the Council, and the Secretary of the Interior 
                notice of the intent of the Secretary to 
                satisfy subsection (c)(2) through the 
                consultation requirements of section 306108 of 
                title 54.
                    ``(B) Satisfaction of conditions.--To 
                satisfy subsection (c)(2), the applicable 
                preservation officer, the Council, and the 
                Secretary of the Interior shall concur in the 
                treatment of the applicable historic site 
                described in the memorandum of agreement or 
                programmatic agreement developed under section 
                306108 of title 54.''.

SEC. 1302. CLARIFICATION OF TRANSPORTATION ENVIRONMENTAL AUTHORITIES.

    (a) Title 23 Amendment.--Section 138 of title 23, United 
States Code, as amended by section 1301, is amended by adding 
at the end the following:
    ``(d) References to Past Transportation Environmental 
Authorities.--
            ``(1) Section 4(f) requirements.--The requirements 
        of this section are commonly referred to as section 
        4(f) requirements (see section 4(f) of the Department 
        of Transportation Act (Public Law 89-670; 80 Stat. 934) 
        as in effect before the repeal of that section).
            ``(2) Section 106 requirements.--The requirements 
        of section 306108 of title 54 are commonly referred to 
        as section 106 requirements (see section 106 of the 
        National Historic Preservation Act of 1966 (Public Law 
        89-665; 80 Stat. 917) as in effect before the repeal of 
        that section).''.
    (b) Title 49 Amendment.--Section 303 of title 49, United 
States Code, as amended by section 1301, is amended by adding 
at the end the following:
    ``(f) References to Past Transportation Environmental 
Authorities.--
            ``(1) Section 4(f) requirements.--The requirements 
        of this section are commonly referred to as section 
        4(f) requirements (see section 4(f) of the Department 
        of Transportation Act (Public Law 89-670; 80 Stat. 934) 
        as in effect before the repeal of that section).
            ``(2) Section 106 requirements.--The requirements 
        of section 306108 of title 54 are commonly referred to 
        as section 106 requirements (see section 106 of the 
        National Historic Preservation Act of 1966 (Public Law 
        89-665; 80 Stat. 917) as in effect before the repeal of 
        that section).''.

SEC. 1303. TREATMENT OF CERTAIN BRIDGES UNDER PRESERVATION 
                    REQUIREMENTS.

    (a) Preservation of Parklands.--Section 138 of title 23, 
United States Code, as amended by section 1302, is amended by 
adding at the end the following:
    ``(e) Bridge Exemption From Consideration.--A common post-
1945 concrete or steel bridge or culvert (as described in 77 
Fed. Reg. 68790) that is exempt from individual review under 
section 306108 of title 54 shall be exempt from consideration 
under this section.''.
    (b) Policy on Lands, Wildlife and Waterfowl Refuges, and 
Historic Sites.--Section 303 of title 49, United States Code, 
as amended by section 1302, is amended by adding at the end the 
following:
    ``(g) Bridge Exemption From Consideration.--A common post-
1945 concrete or steel bridge or culvert (as described in 77 
Fed. Reg. 68790) that is exempt from individual review under 
section 306108 of title 54 shall be exempt from consideration 
under this section.''.

SEC. 1304. EFFICIENT ENVIRONMENTAL REVIEWS FOR PROJECT DECISIONMAKING.

    (a) Definitions.--Section 139(a) of title 23, United States 
Code, is amended--
            (1) by striking paragraph (5) and inserting the 
        following:
            ``(5) Multimodal project.--The term `multimodal 
        project' means a project that requires the approval of 
        more than 1 Department of Transportation operating 
        administration or secretarial office.''; and
            (2) by striking paragraph (6) and inserting the 
        following:
            ``(6) Project.--
                    ``(A) In general.--The term `project' means 
                any highway project, public transportation 
                capital project, or multimodal project that, if 
                implemented as proposed by the project sponsor, 
                would require approval by any operating 
                administration or secretarial office within the 
                Department of Transportation.
                    ``(B) Considerations.--In determining 
                whether a project is a project under 
                subparagraph (A), the Secretary shall take into 
                account, if known, any sources of Federal 
                funding or financing identified by the project 
                sponsor, including any discretionary grant, 
                loan, and loan guarantee programs administered 
                by the Department of Transportation.''.
    (b) Applicability.--Section 139(b)(3) of title 23, United 
States Code, is amended--
            (1) in subparagraph (A) in the matter preceding 
        clause (i) by striking ``initiate a rulemaking to''; 
        and
            (2) by striking subparagraph (B) and inserting the 
        following:
                    ``(B) Requirements.--In carrying out 
                subparagraph (A), the Secretary shall ensure 
                that programmatic reviews--
                            ``(i) promote transparency, 
                        including the transparency of--
                                    ``(I) the analyses and data 
                                used in the environmental 
                                reviews;
                                    ``(II) the treatment of any 
                                deferred issues raised by 
                                agencies or the public; and
                                    ``(III) the temporal and 
                                spatial scales to be used to 
                                analyze issues under subclauses 
                                (I) and (II);
                            ``(ii) use accurate and timely 
                        information, including through 
                        establishment of--
                                    ``(I) criteria for 
                                determining the general 
                                duration of the usefulness of 
                                the review; and
                                    ``(II) a timeline for 
                                updating an out-of-date review;
                            ``(iii) describe--
                                    ``(I) the relationship 
                                between any programmatic 
                                analysis and future tiered 
                                analysis; and
                                    ``(II) the role of the 
                                public in the creation of 
                                future tiered analysis;
                            ``(iv) are available to other 
                        relevant Federal and State agencies, 
                        Indian tribes, and the public; and
                            ``(v) provide notice and public 
                        comment opportunities consistent with 
                        applicable requirements.''.
    (c) Federal Lead Agency.--Section 139(c) of title 23, 
United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1)(A) by inserting ``, or an 
        operating administration thereof designated by the 
        Secretary,'' after ``Department of Transportation''; 
        and
            (2) in paragraph (6)--
                    (A) in subparagraph (A) by striking ``and'' 
                at the end;
                    (B) in subparagraph (B) by striking the 
                period at the end and inserting ``; and''; and
                    (C) by adding at the end the following:
                    ``(C) to consider and respond to comments 
                received from participating agencies on matters 
                within the special expertise or jurisdiction of 
                those agencies.''.
    (d) Participating Agencies.--
            (1) Invitation.--Section 139(d)(2) of title 23, 
        United States Code, is amended by striking ``The lead 
        agency shall identify, as early as practicable in the 
        environmental review process for a project,'' and 
        inserting ``Not later than 45 days after the date of 
        publication of a notice of intent to prepare an 
        environmental impact statement or the initiation of an 
        environmental assessment, the lead agency shall 
        identify''.
            (2) Single nepa document.--Section 139(d) of title 
        23, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end 
        the following:
            ``(8) Single nepa document.--
                    ``(A) In general.--Except as inconsistent 
                with paragraph (7), to the maximum extent 
                practicable and consistent with Federal law, 
                all Federal permits and reviews for a project 
                shall rely on a single environment document 
                prepared under the National Environmental 
                Policy Act of 1969 (42 U.S.C. 4321 et seq.) 
                under the leadership of the lead agency.
                    ``(B) Use of document.--
                            ``(i) In general.--To the maximum 
                        extent practicable, the lead agency 
                        shall develop an environmental document 
                        sufficient to satisfy the requirements 
                        for any Federal approval or other 
                        Federal action required for the 
                        project, including permits issued by 
                        other Federal agencies.
                            ``(ii) Cooperation of participating 
                        agencies.--Other participating agencies 
                        shall cooperate with the lead agency 
                        and provide timely information to help 
                        the lead agency carry out this 
                        subparagraph.
                    ``(C) Treatment as participating and 
                cooperating agencies.--A Federal agency 
                required to make an approval or take an action 
                for a project, as described in subparagraph 
                (B), shall work with the lead agency for the 
                project to ensure that the agency making the 
                approval or taking the action is treated as 
                being both a participating and cooperating 
                agency for the project.
            ``(9) Participating agency responsibilities.--An 
        agency participating in the environmental review 
        process under this section shall--
                    ``(A) provide comments, responses, studies, 
                or methodologies on those areas within the 
                special expertise or jurisdiction of the 
                agency; and
                    ``(B) use the process to address any 
                environmental issues of concern to the 
                agency.''.
    (e) Project Initiation.--Section 139(e) of title 23, United 
States Code, is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1) by inserting ``(including any 
        additional information that the project sponsor 
        considers to be important to initiate the process for 
        the proposed project)'' after ``general location of the 
        proposed project''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(3) Review of application.--Not later than 45 
        days after the date on which the Secretary receives 
        notification under paragraph (1), the Secretary shall 
        provide to the project sponsor a written response that, 
        as applicable--
                    ``(A) describes the determination of the 
                Secretary--
                            ``(i) to initiate the environmental 
                        review process, including a timeline 
                        and an expected date for the 
                        publication in the Federal Register of 
                        the relevant notice of intent; or
                            ``(ii) to decline the application, 
                        including an explanation of the reasons 
                        for that decision; or
                    ``(B) requests additional information, and 
                provides to the project sponsor an accounting 
                regarding what documentation is necessary to 
                initiate the environmental review process.
            ``(4) Request to designate a lead agency.--
                    ``(A) In general.--Any project sponsor may 
                submit to the Secretary a request to designate 
                the operating administration or secretarial 
                office within the Department of Transportation 
                with the expertise on the proposed project to 
                serve as the Federal lead agency for the 
                project.
                    ``(B) Secretarial action.--
                            ``(i) In general.--If the Secretary 
                        receives a request under subparagraph 
                        (A), the Secretary shall respond to the 
                        request not later than 45 days after 
                        the date of receipt.
                            ``(ii) Requirements.--The response 
                        under clause (i) shall--
                                    ``(I) approve the request;
                                    ``(II) deny the request, 
                                with an explanation of the 
                                reasons for the denial; or
                                    ``(III) require the 
                                submission of additional 
                                information.
                            ``(iii) Additional information.--If 
                        additional information is submitted in 
                        accordance with clause (ii)(III), the 
                        Secretary shall respond to the 
                        submission not later than 45 days after 
                        the date of receipt.
            ``(5) Environmental checklist.--
                    ``(A) Development.--The lead agency for a 
                project, in consultation with participating 
                agencies, shall develop, as appropriate, a 
                checklist to help project sponsors identify 
                potential natural, cultural, and historic 
                resources in the area of the project.
                    ``(B) Purpose.--The purposes of the 
                checklist are--
                            ``(i) to identify agencies and 
                        organizations that can provide 
                        information about natural, cultural, 
                        and historic resources;
                            ``(ii) to develop the information 
                        needed to determine the range of 
                        alternatives; and
                            ``(iii) to improve interagency 
                        collaboration to help expedite the 
                        permitting process for the lead agency 
                        and participating agencies.''.
    (f) Purpose and Need.--Section 139(f) of title 23, United 
States Code, is amended--
            (1) in the subsection heading by inserting ``; 
        Alternatives Analysis'' after ``Need''; and
            (2) in paragraph (4)--
                    (A) by striking subparagraph (A) and 
                inserting the following:
                    ``(A) Participation.--
                            ``(i) In general.--As early as 
                        practicable during the environmental 
                        review process, the lead agency shall 
                        provide an opportunity for involvement 
                        by participating agencies and the 
                        public in determining the range of 
                        alternatives to be considered for a 
                        project.
                            ``(ii) Comments of participating 
                        agencies.--To the maximum extent 
                        practicable and consistent with 
                        applicable law, each participating 
                        agency receiving an opportunity for 
                        involvement under clause (i) shall 
                        limit the comments of the agency to 
                        subject matter areas within the special 
                        expertise or jurisdiction of the 
                        agency.
                            ``(iii) Effect of 
                        nonparticipation.--A participating 
                        agency that declines to participate in 
                        the development of the purpose and need 
                        and range of alternatives for a project 
                        shall be required to comply with the 
                        schedule developed under subsection 
                        (g)(1)(B).'';
                    (B) in subparagraph (B)--
                            (i) by striking ``Following 
                        participation under paragraph (1)'' and 
                        inserting the following:
                            ``(i) Determination.--Following 
                        participation under subparagraph (A)''; 
                        and
                            (ii) by adding at the end the 
                        following:
                            ``(ii) Use.--To the maximum extent 
                        practicable and consistent with Federal 
                        law, the range of alternatives 
                        determined for a project under clause 
                        (i) shall be used for all Federal 
                        environmental reviews and permit 
                        processes required for the project 
                        unless the alternatives must be 
                        modified--
                                    ``(I) to address 
                                significant new information or 
                                circumstances, and the lead 
                                agency and participating 
                                agencies agree that the 
                                alternatives must be modified 
                                to address the new information 
                                or circumstances; or
                                    ``(II) for the lead agency 
                                or a participating agency to 
                                fulfill the responsibilities of 
                                the agency under the National 
                                Environmental Policy Act of 
                                1969 (42 U.S.C. 4321 et seq.) 
                                in a timely manner.''; and
                    (C) by adding at the end the following:
                    ``(E) Reduction of duplication.--
                            ``(i) In general.--In carrying out 
                        this paragraph, the lead agency shall 
                        reduce duplication, to the maximum 
                        extent practicable, between--
                                    ``(I) the evaluation of 
                                alternatives under the National 
                                Environmental Policy Act of 
                                1969 (42 U.S.C. 4321 et seq.); 
                                and
                                    ``(II) the evaluation of 
                                alternatives in the 
                                metropolitan transportation 
                                planning process under section 
                                134 or an environmental review 
                                process carried out under State 
                                law (referred to in this 
                                subparagraph as a `State 
                                environmental review process').
                            ``(ii) Consideration of 
                        alternatives.--The lead agency may 
                        eliminate from detailed consideration 
                        an alternative proposed in an 
                        environmental impact statement 
                        regarding a project if, as determined 
                        by the lead agency--
                                    ``(I) the alternative was 
                                considered in a metropolitan 
                                planning process or a State 
                                environmental review process by 
                                a metropolitan planning 
                                organization or a State or 
                                local transportation agency, as 
                                applicable;
                                    ``(II) the lead agency 
                                provided guidance to the 
                                metropolitan planning 
                                organization or State or local 
                                transportation agency, as 
                                applicable, regarding analysis 
                                of alternatives in the 
                                metropolitan planning process 
                                or State environmental review 
                                process, including guidance on 
                                the requirements of the 
                                National Environmental Policy 
                                Act of 1969 (42 U.S.C. 4321 et 
                                seq.) and any other Federal law 
                                necessary for approval of the 
                                project;
                                    ``(III) the applicable 
                                metropolitan planning process 
                                or State environmental review 
                                process included an opportunity 
                                for public review and comment;
                                    ``(IV) the applicable 
                                metropolitan planning 
                                organization or State or local 
                                transportation agency rejected 
                                the alternative after 
                                considering public comments;
                                    ``(V) the Federal lead 
                                agency independently reviewed 
                                the alternative evaluation 
                                approved by the applicable 
                                metropolitan planning 
                                organization or State or local 
                                transportation agency; and
                                    ``(VI) the Federal lead 
                                agency determined--
                                            ``(aa) in 
                                        consultation with 
                                        Federal participating 
                                        or cooperating 
                                        agencies, that the 
                                        alternative to be 
                                        eliminated from 
                                        consideration is not 
                                        necessary for 
                                        compliance with the 
                                        National Environmental 
                                        Policy Act of 1969 (42 
                                        U.S.C. 4321 et seq.); 
                                        or
                                            ``(bb) with the 
                                        concurrence of Federal 
                                        agencies with 
                                        jurisdiction over a 
                                        permit or approval 
                                        required for a project, 
                                        that the alternative to 
                                        be eliminated from 
                                        consideration is not 
                                        necessary for any 
                                        permit or approval 
                                        under any other Federal 
                                        law.''.
    (g) Coordination and Scheduling.--
            (1) Coordination plan.--Section 139(g)(1) of title 
        23, United States Code, is amended--
                    (A) in subparagraph (A) by striking ``The 
                lead agency'' and inserting ``Not later than 90 
                days after the date of publication of a notice 
                of intent to prepare an environmental impact 
                statement or the initiation of an environmental 
                assessment, the lead agency''; and
                    (B) in subparagraph (B)(i) by striking 
                ``may establish as part of the coordination 
                plan'' and inserting ``shall establish as part 
                of such coordination plan''.
            (2) Deadlines for decisions under other laws.--
        Section 139(g)(3) of title 23, United States Code, is 
        amended in the matter preceding subparagraph (A) by 
        inserting ``and publish on the Internet'' after ``House 
        of Representatives''.
    (h) Issue Identification and Resolution.--
            (1) Issue resolution.--Section 139(h) of title 23, 
        United States Code, is amended--
                    (A) by redesignating paragraphs (4) through 
                (7) as paragraphs (5) through (8), 
                respectively; and
                    (B) by inserting after paragraph (3) the 
                following:
            ``(4) Issue resolution.--Any issue resolved by the 
        lead agency with the concurrence of participating 
        agencies may not be reconsidered unless significant new 
        information or circumstances arise.''.
            (2) Failure to assure.--Section 139(h)(5)(C) of 
        title 23, United States Code (as redesignated by 
        paragraph (1)(A)), is amended by striking ``paragraph 
        (5) and'' and inserting ``paragraph (6)''.
            (3) Financial penalty provisions.--Section 
        139(h)(7)(B) of title 23, United States Code (as 
        redesignated by paragraph (1)(A)), is amended--
                    (A) in clause (i)(I) by striking ``under 
                section 106(i) is required'' and inserting ``is 
                required under subsection (h) or (i) of section 
                106''; and
                    (B) by striking clause (ii) and inserting 
                the following:
                            ``(ii) Description of date.--The 
                        date referred to in clause (i) is--
                                    ``(I) the date that is 30 
                                days after the date for 
                                rendering a decision as 
                                described in the project 
                                schedule established pursuant 
                                to subsection (g)(1)(B);
                                    ``(II) if no schedule 
                                exists, the later of--
                                            ``(aa) the date 
                                        that is 180 days after 
                                        the date on which an 
                                        application for the 
                                        permit, license, or 
                                        approval is complete; 
                                        and
                                            ``(bb) the date 
                                        that is 180 days after 
                                        the date on which the 
                                        Federal lead agency 
                                        issues a decision on 
                                        the project under the 
                                        National Environmental 
                                        Policy Act of 1969 (42 
                                        U.S.C. 4321 et seq.); 
                                        or
                                    ``(III) a modified date in 
                                accordance with subsection 
                                (g)(1)(D).''.
    (i) Assistance to Affected State and Federal Agencies.--
            (1) In general.--Section 139(j) of title 23, United 
        States Code, is amended by striking paragraph (1) and 
        inserting the following:
            ``(1) In general.--
                    ``(A) Authority to provide funds.--The 
                Secretary may allow a public entity receiving 
                financial assistance from the Department of 
                Transportation under this title or chapter 53 
                of title 49 to provide funds to Federal 
                agencies (including the Department), State 
                agencies, and Indian tribes participating in 
                the environmental review process for the 
                project or program.
                    ``(B) Use of funds.--Funds referred to in 
                subparagraph (A) may be provided only to 
                support activities that directly and 
                meaningfully contribute to expediting and 
                improving permitting and review processes, 
                including planning, approval, and consultation 
                processes for the project or program.''.
            (2) Activities eligible for funding.--Section 
        139(j)(2) of title 23, United States Code, is amended 
        by inserting ``activities directly related to the 
        environmental review process,'' before ``dedicated 
        staffing,''.
            (3) Agreement.--Section 139(j) of title 23, United 
        States Code, is amended by striking paragraph (6) and 
        inserting the following:
            ``(6) Agreement.--Prior to providing funds approved 
        by the Secretary for dedicated staffing at an affected 
        agency under paragraphs (1) and (2), the affected 
        agency and the requesting public entity shall enter 
        into an agreement that establishes the projects and 
        priorities to be addressed by the use of the funds.''.
    (j) Accelerated Decisionmaking; Improving Transparency in 
Environmental Reviews.--
            (1) In general.--Section 139 of title 23, United 
        States Code, is amended by adding at the end the 
        following:
    ``(n) Accelerated Decisionmaking in Environmental 
Reviews.--
            ``(1) In general.--In preparing a final 
        environmental impact statement under the National 
        Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (42 U.S.C. 4321 et 
        seq.), if the lead agency modifies the statement in 
        response to comments that are minor and are confined to 
        factual corrections or explanations of why the comments 
        do not warrant additional agency response, the lead 
        agency may write on errata sheets attached to the 
        statement instead of rewriting the draft statement, 
        subject to the condition that the errata sheets--
                    ``(A) cite the sources, authorities, and 
                reasons that support the position of the 
                agency; and
                    ``(B) if appropriate, indicate the 
                circumstances that would trigger agency 
                reappraisal or further response.
            ``(2) Single document.--To the maximum extent 
        practicable, the lead agency shall expeditiously 
        develop a single document that consists of a final 
        environmental impact statement and a record of 
        decision, unless--
                    ``(A) the final environmental impact 
                statement makes substantial changes to the 
                proposed action that are relevant to 
                environmental or safety concerns; or
                    ``(B) there is a significant new 
                circumstance or information relevant to 
                environmental concerns that bears on the 
                proposed action or the impacts of the proposed 
                action.
    ``(o) Improving Transparency in Environmental Reviews.--
            ``(1) In general.--Not later than 18 months after 
        the date of enactment of this subsection, the Secretary 
        shall--
                    ``(A) use the searchable Internet website 
                maintained under section 41003(b) of the FAST 
                Act--
                            ``(i) to make publicly available 
                        the status and progress of projects 
                        requiring an environmental assessment 
                        or an environmental impact statement 
                        with respect to compliance with 
                        applicable requirements of the National 
                        Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (42 
                        U.S.C. 4321 et seq.) and any other 
                        Federal, State, or local approval 
                        required for those projects; and
                            ``(ii) to make publicly available 
                        the names of participating agencies not 
                        participating in the development of a 
                        project purpose and need and range of 
                        alternatives under subsection (f); and
                    ``(B) issue reporting standards to meet the 
                requirements of subparagraph (A).
            ``(2) Federal, state, and local agency 
        participation.--
                    ``(A) Federal agencies.--A Federal agency 
                participating in the environmental review or 
                permitting process for a project shall provide 
                to the Secretary information regarding the 
                status and progress of the approval of the 
                project for publication on the Internet website 
                referred to in paragraph (1)(A), consistent 
                with the standards established under paragraph 
                (1)(B).
                    ``(B) State and local agencies.--The 
                Secretary shall encourage State and local 
                agencies participating in the environmental 
                review permitting process for a project to 
                provide information regarding the status and 
                progress of the approval of the project for 
                publication on the Internet website referred to 
                in paragraph (1)(A).
            ``(3) States with delegated authority.--A State 
        with delegated authority for responsibilities under the 
        National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (42 U.S.C. 
        4321 et seq.) pursuant to section 327 shall be 
        responsible for supplying to the Secretary project 
        development and compliance status for all applicable 
        projects.''.
            (2) Conforming amendment.--Section 1319 of MAP-21 
        (42 U.S.C. 4332a), and the item relating to that 
        section in the table of contents contained in section 
        1(c) of that Act, are repealed.
    (k) Implementation of Programmatic Compliance.--
            (1) Rulemaking.--Not later than 1 year after the 
        date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall 
        complete a rulemaking to implement the provisions of 
        section 139(b)(3) of title 23, United States Code, as 
        amended by this section.
            (2) Consultation.--Before initiating the rulemaking 
        under paragraph (1), the Secretary shall consult with 
        relevant Federal agencies, relevant State resource 
        agencies, State departments of transportation, Indian 
        tribes, and the public on the appropriate use and scope 
        of the programmatic approaches.
            (3) Requirements.--In carrying out this subsection, 
        the Secretary shall ensure that the rulemaking meets 
        the requirements of section 139(b)(3)(B) of title 23, 
        United States Code, as amended by this section.
            (4) Comment period.--The Secretary shall--
                    (A) allow not fewer than 60 days for public 
                notice and comment on the proposed rule; and
                    (B) address any comments received under 
                this subsection.

SEC. 1305. INTEGRATION OF PLANNING AND ENVIRONMENTAL REVIEW.

    Section 168 of title 23, United States Code, is amended to 
read as follows:

``Sec. 168. Integration of planning and environmental review

    ``(a) Definitions.--In this section, the following 
definitions apply:
            ``(1) Environmental review process.--The term 
        `environmental review process' has the meaning given 
        the term in section 139(a).
            ``(2) Lead agency.--The term `lead agency' has the 
        meaning given the term in section 139(a).
            ``(3) Planning product.--The term `planning 
        product' means a decision, analysis, study, or other 
        documented information that is the result of an 
        evaluation or decisionmaking process carried out by a 
        metropolitan planning organization or a State, as 
        appropriate, during metropolitan or statewide 
        transportation planning under section 134 or 135, 
        respectively.
            ``(4) Project.--The term `project' has the meaning 
        given the term in section 139(a).
            ``(5) Project sponsor.--The term `project sponsor' 
        has the meaning given the term in section 139(a).
            ``(6) Relevant agency.--The term `relevant agency' 
        means the agency with authority under subparagraph (A) 
        or (B) of subsection (b)(1).
    ``(b) Adoption or Incorporation by Reference of Planning 
Products for Use in NEPA Proceedings.--
            ``(1) In general.--Subject to subsection (d) and to 
        the maximum extent practicable and appropriate, the 
        following agencies may adopt or incorporate by 
        reference and use a planning product in proceedings 
        relating to any class of action in the environmental 
        review process of the project:
                    ``(A) The lead agency for a project, with 
                respect to an environmental impact statement, 
                environmental assessment, categorical 
                exclusion, or other document prepared under the 
                National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (42 
                U.S.C. 4321 et seq.).
                    ``(B) The cooperating agency with 
                responsibility under Federal law, with respect 
                to the process for and completion of any 
                environmental permit, approval, review, or 
                study required for a project under any Federal 
                law other than the National Environmental 
                Policy Act of 1969 (42 U.S.C. 4321 et seq.), if 
                consistent with that law.
            ``(2) Identification.--If the relevant agency makes 
        a determination to adopt or incorporate by reference 
        and use a planning product, the relevant agency shall 
        identify the agencies that participated in the 
        development of the planning products.
            ``(3) Adoption or incorporation by reference of 
        planning products.--The relevant agency may--
                    ``(A) adopt or incorporate by reference an 
                entire planning product under paragraph (1); or
                    ``(B) select portions of a planning project 
                under paragraph (1) for adoption or 
                incorporation by reference.
            ``(4) Timing.--A determination under paragraph (1) 
        with respect to the adoption or incorporation by 
        reference of a planning product may--
                    ``(A) be made at the time the relevant 
                agencies decide the appropriate scope of 
                environmental review for the project; or
                    ``(B) occur later in the environmental 
                review process, as appropriate.
    ``(c) Applicability.--
            ``(1) Planning decisions.--The relevant agency in 
        the environmental review process may adopt or 
        incorporate by reference decisions from a planning 
        product, including--
                    ``(A) whether tolling, private financial 
                assistance, or other special financial measures 
                are necessary to implement the project;
                    ``(B) a decision with respect to general 
                travel corridor or modal choice, including a 
                decision to implement corridor or subarea study 
                recommendations to advance different modal 
                solutions as separate projects with independent 
                utility;
                    ``(C) the purpose and the need for the 
                proposed action;
                    ``(D) preliminary screening of alternatives 
                and elimination of unreasonable alternatives;
                    ``(E) a basic description of the 
                environmental setting;
                    ``(F) a decision with respect to 
                methodologies for analysis; and
                    ``(G) an identification of programmatic 
                level mitigation for potential impacts of a 
                project, including a programmatic mitigation 
                plan developed in accordance with section 169, 
                that the relevant agency determines are more 
                effectively addressed on a national or regional 
                scale, including--
                            ``(i) measures to avoid, minimize, 
                        and mitigate impacts at a national or 
                        regional scale of proposed 
                        transportation investments on 
                        environmental resources, including 
                        regional ecosystem and water resources; 
                        and
                            ``(ii) potential mitigation 
                        activities, locations, and investments.
            ``(2) Planning analyses.--The relevant agency in 
        the environmental review process may adopt or 
        incorporate by reference analyses from a planning 
        product, including--
                    ``(A) travel demands;
                    ``(B) regional development and growth;
                    ``(C) local land use, growth management, 
                and development;
                    ``(D) population and employment;
                    ``(E) natural and built environmental 
                conditions;
                    ``(F) environmental resources and 
                environmentally sensitive areas;
                    ``(G) potential environmental effects, 
                including the identification of resources of 
                concern and potential direct, indirect, and 
                cumulative effects on those resources; and
                    ``(H) mitigation needs for a proposed 
                project, or for programmatic level mitigation, 
                for potential effects that the lead agency 
                determines are most effectively addressed at a 
                regional or national program level.
    ``(d) Conditions.--The relevant agency in the environmental 
review process may adopt or incorporate by reference a planning 
product under this section if the relevant agency determines, 
with the concurrence of the lead agency and, if the planning 
product is necessary for a cooperating agency to issue a 
permit, review, or approval for the project, with the 
concurrence of the cooperating agency, that the following 
conditions have been met:
            ``(1) The planning product was developed through a 
        planning process conducted pursuant to applicable 
        Federal law.
            ``(2) The planning product was developed in 
        consultation with appropriate Federal and State 
        resource agencies and Indian tribes.
            ``(3) The planning process included broad 
        multidisciplinary consideration of systems-level or 
        corridor-wide transportation needs and potential 
        effects, including effects on the human and natural 
        environment.
            ``(4) The planning process included public notice 
        that the planning products produced in the planning 
        process may be adopted during a subsequent 
        environmental review process in accordance with this 
        section.
            ``(5) During the environmental review process, the 
        relevant agency has--
                    ``(A) made the planning documents available 
                for public review and comment by members of the 
                general public and Federal, State, local, and 
                tribal governments that may have an interest in 
                the proposed project;
                    ``(B) provided notice of the intention of 
                the relevant agency to adopt or incorporate by 
                reference the planning product; and
                    ``(C) considered any resulting comments.
            ``(6) There is no significant new information or 
        new circumstance that has a reasonable likelihood of 
        affecting the continued validity or appropriateness of 
        the planning product.
            ``(7) The planning product has a rational basis and 
        is based on reliable and reasonably current data and 
        reasonable and scientifically acceptable methodologies.
            ``(8) The planning product is documented in 
        sufficient detail to support the decision or the 
        results of the analysis and to meet requirements for 
        use of the information in the environmental review 
        process.
            ``(9) The planning product is appropriate for 
        adoption or incorporation by reference and use in the 
        environmental review process for the project and is 
        incorporated in accordance with, and is sufficient to 
        meet the requirements of, the National Environmental 
        Policy Act of 1969 (42 U.S.C. 4321 et seq.) and section 
        1502.21 of title 40, Code of Federal Regulations (as in 
        effect on the date of enactment of the FAST Act).
            ``(10) The planning product was approved within the 
        5-year period ending on the date on which the 
        information is adopted or incorporated by reference.
    ``(e) Effect of Adoption or Incorporation by Reference.--
Any planning product adopted or incorporated by reference by 
the relevant agency in accordance with this section may be--
            ``(1) incorporated directly into an environmental 
        review process document or other environmental 
        document; and
            ``(2) relied on and used by other Federal agencies 
        in carrying out reviews of the project.
    ``(f) Rules of Construction.--
            ``(1) In general.--This section does not make the 
        environmental review process applicable to the 
        transportation planning process conducted under this 
        title and chapter 53 of title 49.
            ``(2) Transportation planning activities.--
        Initiation of the environmental review process as a 
        part of, or concurrently with, transportation planning 
        activities does not subject transportation plans and 
        programs to the environmental review process.
            ``(3) Planning products.--This section does not 
        affect the use of planning products in the 
        environmental review process pursuant to other 
        authorities under any other provision of law or 
        restrict the initiation of the environmental review 
        process during planning.''.

SEC. 1306. DEVELOPMENT OF PROGRAMMATIC MITIGATION PLANS.

    Section 169(f) of title 23, United States Code, is 
amended--
            (1) by striking ``may use'' and inserting ``shall 
        give substantial weight to''; and
            (2) by inserting ``or other Federal environmental 
        law'' before the period at the end.

SEC. 1307. TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE FOR STATES.

    Section 326 of title 23, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in subsection (c)--
                    (A) by redesignating paragraphs (2) through 
                (4) as paragraphs (3) through (5), 
                respectively; and
                    (B) by inserting after paragraph (1) the 
                following:
            ``(2) Assistance to states.--On request of a 
        Governor of a State, the Secretary shall provide to the 
        State technical assistance, training, or other support 
        relating to--
                    ``(A) assuming responsibility under 
                subsection (a);
                    ``(B) developing a memorandum of 
                understanding under this subsection; or
                    ``(C) addressing a responsibility in need 
                of corrective action under subsection 
                (d)(1)(B).''; and
            (2) in subsection (d), by striking paragraph (1) 
        and inserting the following:
            ``(1) Termination by secretary.--The Secretary may 
        terminate the participation of any State in the program 
        if--
                    ``(A) the Secretary determines that the 
                State is not adequately carrying out the 
                responsibilities assigned to the State;
                    ``(B) the Secretary provides to the State--
                            ``(i) a notification of the 
                        determination of noncompliance;
                            ``(ii) a period of not less than 
                        120 days to take such corrective action 
                        as the Secretary determines to be 
                        necessary to comply with the applicable 
                        agreement; and
                            ``(iii) on request of the Governor 
                        of the State, a detailed description of 
                        each responsibility in need of 
                        corrective action regarding an 
                        inadequacy identified under 
                        subparagraph (A); and
                    ``(C) the State, after the notification and 
                period described in clauses (i) and (ii) of 
                subparagraph (B), fails to take satisfactory 
                corrective action, as determined by the 
                Secretary.''.

SEC. 1308. SURFACE TRANSPORTATION PROJECT DELIVERY PROGRAM.

    Section 327 of title 23, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)(2)(B)(iii) by striking ``(42 
        U.S.C. 13 4321 et seq.)'' and inserting ``(42 U.S.C. 
        4321 et seq.)'';
            (2) in subsection (c)(4) by inserting 
        ``reasonably'' before ``considers necessary'';
            (3) in subsection (e) by inserting ``and without 
        further approval of'' after ``in lieu of'';
            (4) in subsection (g)--
                    (A) by striking paragraph (1) and inserting 
                the following:
            ``(1) In general.--To ensure compliance by a State 
        with any agreement of the State under subsection (c) 
        (including compliance by the State with all Federal 
        laws for which responsibility is assumed under 
        subsection (a)(2)), for each State participating in the 
        program under this section, the Secretary shall--
                    ``(A) not later than 180 days after the 
                date of execution of the agreement, meet with 
                the State to review implementation of the 
                agreement and discuss plans for the first 
                annual audit;
                    ``(B) conduct annual audits during each of 
                the first 4 years of State participation; and
                    ``(C) ensure that the time period for 
                completing an annual audit, from initiation to 
                completion (including public comment and 
                responses to those comments), does not exceed 
                180 days.''; and
                    (B) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(3) Audit team.--
                    ``(A) In general.--An audit conducted under 
                paragraph (1) shall be carried out by an audit 
                team determined by the Secretary, in 
                consultation with the State, in accordance with 
                subparagraph (B).
                    ``(B) Consultation.--Consultation with the 
                State under subparagraph (A) shall include a 
                reasonable opportunity for the State to review 
                and provide comments on the proposed members of 
                the audit team.'';
            (5) in subsection (j) by striking paragraph (1) and 
        inserting the following:
            ``(1) Termination by secretary.--The Secretary may 
        terminate the participation of any State in the program 
        if--
                    ``(A) the Secretary determines that the 
                State is not adequately carrying out the 
                responsibilities assigned to the State;
                    ``(B) the Secretary provides to the State--
                            ``(i) a notification of the 
                        determination of noncompliance;
                            ``(ii) a period of not less than 
                        120 days to take such corrective action 
                        as the Secretary determines to be 
                        necessary to comply with the applicable 
                        agreement; and
                            ``(iii) on request of the Governor 
                        of the State, a detailed description of 
                        each responsibility in need of 
                        corrective action regarding an 
                        inadequacy identified under 
                        subparagraph (A); and
                    ``(C) the State, after the notification and 
                period provided under subparagraph (B), fails 
                to take satisfactory corrective action, as 
                determined by the Secretary.''; and
            (6) by adding at the end the following:
    ``(k) Capacity Building.--The Secretary, in cooperation 
with representatives of State officials, may carry out 
education, training, peer-exchange, and other initiatives as 
appropriate--
            ``(1) to assist States in developing the capacity 
        to participate in the assignment program under this 
        section; and
            ``(2) to promote information sharing and 
        collaboration among States that are participating in 
        the assignment program under this section.
    ``(l) Relationship to Locally Administered Projects.--A 
State granted authority under this section may, as appropriate 
and at the request of a local government--
            ``(1) exercise such authority on behalf of the 
        local government for a locally administered project; or
            ``(2) provide guidance and training on 
        consolidating and minimizing the documentation and 
        environmental analyses necessary for sponsors of a 
        locally administered project to comply with the 
        National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (42 U.S.C. 
        4321 et seq.) and any comparable requirements under 
        State law.''.

SEC. 1309. PROGRAM FOR ELIMINATING DUPLICATION OF ENVIRONMENTAL 
                    REVIEWS.

    (a) Purpose.--The purpose of this section is to eliminate 
duplication of environmental reviews and approvals under State 
laws and the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (42 
U.S.C. 4321 et seq.).
    (b) In General.--Chapter 3 of title 23, United States Code, 
is amended by adding at the end the following:

``Sec. 330. Program for eliminating duplication of environmental 
                    reviews

    ``(a) Establishment.--
            ``(1) In general.--The Secretary shall establish a 
        pilot program to authorize States that have assumed 
        responsibilities of the Secretary under section 327 and 
        are approved to participate in the program under this 
        section to conduct environmental reviews and make 
        approvals for projects under State environmental laws 
        and regulations instead of the National Environmental 
        Policy Act of 1969 (42 U.S.C. 4321 et seq.), consistent 
        with the requirements of this section.
            ``(2) Participating states.--The Secretary may 
        select not more than 5 States to participate in the 
        program.
            ``(3) Alternative environmental review and approval 
        procedures defined.--In this section, the term 
        `alternative environmental review and approval 
        procedures' means--
                    ``(A) substitution of 1 or more State 
                environmental laws for--
                            ``(i) the National Environmental 
                        Policy Act of 1969 (42 U.S.C. 4321 et 
                        seq.);
                            ``(ii) any provisions of section 
                        139 establishing procedures for the 
                        implementation of the National 
                        Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (42 
                        U.S.C. 4321 et seq.) that are under the 
                        authority of the Secretary, as the 
                        Secretary, in consultation with the 
                        State, considers appropriate; and
                            ``(iii) related regulations and 
                        Executive orders; and
                    ``(B) substitution of 1 or more State 
                environmental regulations for--
                            ``(i) the National Environmental 
                        Policy Act of 1969 (42 U.S.C. 4321 et 
                        seq.);
                            ``(ii) any provisions of section 
                        139 establishing procedures for the 
                        implementation of the National 
                        Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (42 
                        U.S.C. 4321 et seq.) that are under the 
                        authority of the Secretary, as the 
                        Secretary, in consultation with the 
                        State, considers appropriate; and
                            ``(iii) related regulations and 
                        Executive orders.
    ``(b) Application.--To be eligible to participate in the 
program, a State shall submit to the Secretary an application 
containing such information as the Secretary may require, 
including--
            ``(1) a full and complete description of the 
        proposed alternative environmental review and approval 
        procedures of the State, including--
                    ``(A) the procedures the State uses to 
                engage the public and consider alternatives to 
                the proposed action; and
                    ``(B) the extent to which the State 
                considers environmental consequences or impacts 
                on resources potentially impacted by the 
                proposed action (such as air, water, or 
                species);
            ``(2) each Federal requirement described in 
        subsection (a)(3) that the State is seeking to 
        substitute;
            ``(3) each State law or regulation that the State 
        intends to substitute for such Federal requirement;
            ``(4) an explanation of the basis for concluding 
        that the State law or regulation is at least as 
        stringent as the Federal requirement described in 
        subsection (a)(3);
            ``(5) a description of the projects or classes of 
        projects for which the State anticipates exercising the 
        authority that may be granted under the program;
            ``(6) verification that the State has the financial 
        resources necessary to carry out the authority that may 
        be granted under the program;
            ``(7) evidence of having sought, received, and 
        addressed comments on the proposed application from the 
        public; and
            ``(8) any such additional information as the 
        Secretary, or, with respect to section (d)(1)(A), the 
        Secretary in consultation with the Chair, may require.
    ``(c) Review of Application.--In accordance with subsection 
(d), the Secretary shall--
            ``(1) review and accept public comments on an 
        application submitted under subsection (b);
            ``(2) approve or disapprove the application not 
        later than 120 days after the date of receipt of an 
        application that the Secretary determines is complete; 
        and
            ``(3) transmit to the State notice of the approval 
        or disapproval, together with a statement of the 
        reasons for the approval or disapproval.
    ``(d) Approval of Application.--
            ``(1) In general.--The Secretary shall approve an 
        application submitted under subsection (b) only if--
                    ``(A) the Secretary, with the concurrence 
                of the Chair and after considering any public 
                comments received pursuant to subsection (c), 
                determines that the laws and regulations of the 
                State described in the application are at least 
                as stringent as the Federal requirements 
                described in subsection (a)(3);
                    ``(B) the Secretary, after considering any 
                public comments received pursuant to subsection 
                (c), determines that the State has the 
                capacity, including financial and personnel, to 
                assume the responsibility;
                    ``(C) the State has executed an agreement 
                with the Secretary in accordance with section 
                327; and
                    ``(D) the State has executed an agreement 
                with the Secretary under this section that--
                            ``(i) has been executed by the 
                        Governor or the top-ranking 
                        transportation official in the State 
                        who is charged with responsibility for 
                        highway construction;
                            ``(ii) is in such form as the 
                        Secretary may prescribe;
                            ``(iii) provides that the State--
                                    ``(I) agrees to assume the 
                                responsibilities, as identified 
                                by the Secretary, under this 
                                section;
                                    ``(II) expressly consents, 
                                on behalf of the State, to 
                                accept the jurisdiction of the 
                                Federal courts under subsection 
                                (e)(1) for the compliance, 
                                discharge, and enforcement of 
                                any responsibility under this 
                                section;
                                    ``(III) certifies that 
                                State laws (including 
                                regulations) are in effect 
                                that--
                                            ``(aa) authorize 
                                        the State to take the 
                                        actions necessary to 
                                        carry out the 
                                        responsibilities being 
                                        assumed; and
                                            ``(bb) are 
                                        comparable to section 
                                        552 of title 5, 
                                        including providing 
                                        that any decision 
                                        regarding the public 
                                        availability of a 
                                        document under those 
                                        State laws is 
                                        reviewable by a court 
                                        of competent 
                                        jurisdiction; and
                                    ``(IV) agrees to maintain 
                                the financial resources 
                                necessary to carry out the 
                                responsibilities being assumed;
                            ``(iv) requires the State to 
                        provide to the Secretary any 
                        information the Secretary reasonably 
                        considers necessary to ensure that the 
                        State is adequately carrying out the 
                        responsibilities assigned to the State;
                            ``(v) has a term of not more than 5 
                        years; and
                            ``(vi) is renewable.
            ``(2) Exclusion.--The National Environmental Policy 
        Act of 1969 (42 U.S.C. 4321 et seq.) shall not apply to 
        a decision by the Secretary to approve or disapprove an 
        application submitted under this section.
    ``(e) Judicial Review.--
            ``(1) In general.--The United States district 
        courts shall have exclusive jurisdiction over any civil 
        action against a State relating to the failure of the 
        State--
                    ``(A) to meet the requirements of this 
                section; or
                    ``(B) to follow the alternative 
                environmental review and approval procedures 
                approved pursuant to this section.
            ``(2) Limitation on review.--
                    ``(A) In general.--Notwithstanding any 
                other provision of law, a claim seeking 
                judicial review of a permit, license, or 
                approval issued by a State under this section 
                shall be barred unless the claim is filed not 
                later than 2 years after the date of 
                publication in the Federal Register by the 
                Secretary of a notice that the permit, license, 
                or approval is final pursuant to the law under 
                which the action is taken.
                    ``(B) Deadlines.--
                            ``(i) Notification.--The State 
                        shall notify the Secretary of the final 
                        action of the State not later than 10 
                        days after the final action is taken.
                            ``(ii) Publication.--The Secretary 
                        shall publish the notice of final 
                        action in the Federal Register not 
                        later than 30 days after the date of 
                        receipt of the notice under clause (i).
                    ``(C) Savings provision.--Nothing in this 
                subsection creates a right to judicial review 
                or places any limit on filing a claim that a 
                person has violated the terms of a permit, 
                license, or approval.
            ``(3) New information.--
                    ``(A) In general.--A State shall consider 
                new information received after the close of a 
                comment period if the information satisfies the 
                requirements for a supplemental environmental 
                impact statement under section 771.130 of title 
                23, Code of Federal Regulations (or successor 
                regulations).
                    ``(B) Treatment of final agency action.--
                            ``(i) In general.--The final agency 
                        action that follows preparation of a 
                        supplemental environmental impact 
                        statement, if required, shall be 
                        considered a separate final agency 
                        action, and the deadline for filing a 
                        claim for judicial review of the action 
                        shall be 2 years after the date of 
                        publication in the Federal Register by 
                        the Secretary of a notice announcing 
                        such action.
                            ``(ii) Deadlines.--
                                    ``(I) Notification.--The 
                                State shall notify the 
                                Secretary of the final action 
                                of the State not later than 10 
                                days after the final action is 
                                taken.
                                    ``(II) Publication.--The 
                                Secretary shall publish the 
                                notice of final action in the 
                                Federal Register not later than 
                                30 days after the date of 
                                receipt of the notice under 
                                subclause (I).
    ``(f) Election.--A State participating in the programs 
under this section and section 327, at the discretion of the 
State, may elect to apply the National Environmental Policy Act 
of 1969 (42 U.S.C. 4321 et seq.) instead of the alternative 
environmental review and approval procedures of the State.
    ``(g) Adoption or Incorporation by Reference of 
Documents.--To the maximum extent practicable and consistent 
with Federal law, other Federal agencies with authority over a 
project subject to this section shall adopt or incorporate by 
reference documents produced by a participating State under 
this section to satisfy the requirements of the National 
Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (42 U.S.C. 4321 et seq.).
    ``(h) Relationship to Locally Administered Projects.--
            ``(1) In general.--A State with an approved program 
        under this section, at the request of a local 
        government, may exercise authority under that program 
        on behalf of up to 25 local governments for locally 
        administered projects.
            ``(2) Scope.--For up to 25 local governments 
        selected by a State with an approved program under this 
        section, the State shall be responsible for ensuring 
        that any environmental review, consultation, or other 
        action required under the National Environmental Policy 
        Act of 1969 (42 U.S.C. 4321 et seq.) or the State 
        program, or both, meets the requirements of such Act or 
        program.
    ``(i) Review and Termination.--
            ``(1) In general.--A State program approved under 
        this section shall at all times be in accordance with 
        the requirements of this section.
            ``(2) Review.--The Secretary shall review each 
        State program approved under this section not less than 
        once every 5 years.
            ``(3) Public notice and comment.--In conducting the 
        review process under paragraph (2), the Secretary shall 
        provide notice and an opportunity for public comment.
            ``(4) Withdrawal of approval.--If the Secretary, in 
        consultation with the Chair, determines at any time 
        that a State is not administering a State program 
        approved under this section in accordance with the 
        requirements of this section, the Secretary shall so 
        notify the State, and if appropriate corrective action 
        is not taken within a reasonable time, not to exceed 90 
        days, the Secretary shall withdraw approval of the 
        State program.
            ``(5) Extensions and terminations.--At the 
        conclusion of the review process under paragraph (2), 
        the Secretary may extend for an additional 5-year 
        period or terminate the authority of a State under this 
        section to substitute the laws and regulations of the 
        State for the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 
        (42 U.S.C. 4321 et seq.).
    ``(j) Report to Congress.--Not later than 2 years after the 
date of enactment of this section, and annually thereafter, the 
Secretary shall submit to the Committee on Transportation and 
Infrastructure of the House of Representatives and the 
Committee on Environment and Public Works of the Senate a 
report that describes the administration of the program, 
including--
            ``(1) the number of States participating in the 
        program;
            ``(2) the number and types of projects for which 
        each State participating in the program has used 
        alternative environmental review and approval 
        procedures;
            ``(3) a description and assessment of whether 
        implementation of the program has resulted in more 
        efficient review of projects; and
            ``(4) any recommendations for modifications to the 
        program.
    ``(k) Sunset.--The program shall terminate 12 years after 
the date of enactment of this section.
    ``(l) Definitions.--In this section, the following 
definitions apply:
            ``(1) Chair.--The term `Chair' means the Chair of 
        the Council on Environmental Quality.
            ``(2) Multimodal project.--The term `multimodal 
        project' has the meaning given that term in section 
        139(a).
            ``(3) Program.--The term `program' means the pilot 
        program established under this section.
            ``(4) Project.--The term `project' means--
                    ``(A) a project requiring approval under 
                this title, chapter 53 of subtitle III of title 
                49, or subtitle V of title 49; and
                    ``(B) a multimodal project.''.
    (c) Rulemaking.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than 270 days after the 
        date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary, in 
        consultation with the Chair of the Council on 
        Environmental Quality, shall promulgate regulations to 
        implement the requirements of section 330 of title 23, 
        United States Code, as added by this section.
            (2) Determination of stringency.--As part of the 
        rulemaking required under this subsection, the Chair 
        shall--
                    (A) establish the criteria necessary to 
                determine that a State law or regulation is at 
                least as stringent as a Federal requirement 
                described in section 330(a)(3) of title 23, 
                United States Code; and
                    (B) ensure that the criteria, at a 
                minimum--
                            (i) provide for protection of the 
                        environment;
                            (ii) provide opportunity for public 
                        participation and comment, including 
                        access to the documentation necessary 
                        to review the potential impact of a 
                        project; and
                            (iii) ensure a consistent review of 
                        projects that would otherwise have been 
                        covered under the National 
                        Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (42 
                        U.S.C. 4321 et seq.).
    (d) Clerical Amendment.--The analysis for chapter 3 of 
title 23, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end 
the following:

``330. Program for eliminating duplication of environmental reviews.''.

SEC. 1310. APPLICATION OF CATEGORICAL EXCLUSIONS FOR MULTIMODAL 
                    PROJECTS.

    Section 304 of title 49, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1)--
                            (i) by striking ``operating 
                        authority that'' and inserting 
                        ``operating administration or 
                        secretarial office that has expertise 
                        but''; and
                            (ii) by inserting ``proposed 
                        multimodal'' after ``with respect to 
                        a''; and
                    (B) by striking paragraph (2) and inserting 
                the following:
            ``(2) Lead authority.--The term `lead authority' 
        means a Department of Transportation operating 
        administration or secretarial office that has the lead 
        responsibility for compliance with the National 
        Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (42 U.S.C. 4321 et 
        seq.) with respect to a proposed multimodal project.'';
            (2) in subsection (b) by inserting ``or title 23'' 
        after ``under this title'';
            (3) by striking subsection (c) and inserting the 
        following:
    ``(c) Application of Categorical Exclusions for Multimodal 
Projects.--In considering the environmental impacts of a 
proposed multimodal project, a lead authority may apply 
categorical exclusions designated under the National 
Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (42 U.S.C. 4321 et seq.) in 
implementing regulations or procedures of a cooperating 
authority for a proposed multimodal project, subject to the 
conditions that--
            ``(1) the lead authority makes a determination, 
        with the concurrence of the cooperating authority--
                    ``(A) on the applicability of a categorical 
                exclusion to a proposed multimodal project; and
                    ``(B) that the project satisfies the 
                conditions for a categorical exclusion under 
                the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 
                (42 U.S.C. 4321 et seq.) and this section;
            ``(2) the lead authority follows the implementing 
        regulations of the cooperating authority or procedures 
        under that Act; and
            ``(3) the lead authority determines that--
                    ``(A) the proposed multimodal project does 
                not individually or cumulatively have a 
                significant impact on the environment; and
                    ``(B) extraordinary circumstances do not 
                exist that merit additional analysis and 
                documentation in an environmental impact 
                statement or environmental assessment required 
                under that Act.''; and
            (4) by striking subsection (d) and inserting the 
        following:
    ``(d) Cooperating Authority Expertise.--A cooperating 
authority shall provide expertise to the lead authority on 
aspects of the multimodal project in which the cooperating 
authority has expertise.''.

SEC. 1311. ACCELERATED DECISIONMAKING IN ENVIRONMENTAL REVIEWS.

    (a) In General.--Title 49, United States Code, is amended 
by inserting after section 304 the following:

``Sec. 304a. Accelerated decisionmaking in environmental reviews

    ``(a) In General.--In preparing a final environmental 
impact statement under the National Environmental Policy Act of 
1969 (42 U.S.C. 4321 et seq.), if the lead agency modifies the 
statement in response to comments that are minor and are 
confined to factual corrections or explanations of why the 
comments do not warrant additional agency response, the lead 
agency may write on errata sheets attached to the statement, 
instead of rewriting the draft statement, subject to the 
condition that the errata sheets--
            ``(1) cite the sources, authorities, and reasons 
        that support the position of the agency; and
            ``(2) if appropriate, indicate the circumstances 
        that would trigger agency reappraisal or further 
        response.
    ``(b) Single Document.--To the maximum extent practicable, 
the lead agency shall expeditiously develop a single document 
that consists of a final environmental impact statement and a 
record of decision, unless--
            ``(1) the final environmental impact statement 
        makes substantial changes to the proposed action that 
        are relevant to environmental or safety concerns; or
            ``(2) there is a significant new circumstance or 
        information relevant to environmental concerns that 
        bears on the proposed action or the impacts of the 
        proposed action.
    ``(c) Adoption and Incorporation by Reference of 
Documents.--
            ``(1) Avoiding duplication.--To prevent duplication 
        of analyses and support expeditious and efficient 
        decisions, the operating administrations of the 
        Department of Transportation shall use adoption and 
        incorporation by reference in accordance with this 
        subsection.
            ``(2) Adoption of documents of other operating 
        administrations.--An operating administration or a 
        secretarial office within the Department of 
        Transportation may adopt a draft environmental impact 
        statement, an environmental assessment, or a final 
        environmental impact statement of another operating 
        administration for the use of the adopting operating 
        administration when preparing an environmental 
        assessment or final environmental impact statement for 
        a project without recirculating the document for public 
        review, if--
                    ``(A) the adopting operating administration 
                certifies that the proposed action is 
                substantially the same as the project 
                considered in the document to be adopted;
                    ``(B) the other operating administration 
                concurs with such decision; and
                    ``(C) such actions are consistent with the 
                requirements of the National Environmental 
                Policy Act of 1969 (42 U.S.C. 4321 et seq.).
            ``(3) Incorporation by reference.--An operating 
        administration or secretarial office within the 
        Department of Transportation may incorporate by 
        reference all or portions of a draft environmental 
        impact statement, an environmental assessment, or a 
        final environmental impact statement for the use of the 
        adopting operating administration when preparing an 
        environmental assessment or final environmental impact 
        statement for a project if--
                    ``(A) the incorporated material is cited in 
                the environmental assessment or final 
                environmental impact statement and the contents 
                of the incorporated material are briefly 
                described;
                    ``(B) the incorporated material is 
                reasonably available for inspection by 
                potentially interested persons within the time 
                allowed for review and comment; and
                    ``(C) the incorporated material does not 
                include proprietary data that is not available 
                for review and comment.''.
    (b) Conforming Amendment.--The analysis for chapter 3 of 
title 49, United States Code, is amended by inserting after the 
item relating to section 304 the following:

``304a. Accelerated decisionmaking in environmental reviews.''.

SEC. 1312. IMPROVING STATE AND FEDERAL AGENCY ENGAGEMENT IN 
                    ENVIRONMENTAL REVIEWS.

    (a) In General.--Title 49, United States Code, is amended 
by inserting after section 306 the following:

``Sec. 307. Improving State and Federal agency engagement in 
                    environmental reviews

    ``(a) In General.--
            ``(1) Requests to provide funds.--A public entity 
        receiving financial assistance from the Department of 
        Transportation for 1 or more projects, or for a program 
        of projects, for a public purpose may request that the 
        Secretary allow the public entity to provide funds to 
        Federal agencies, including the Department, State 
        agencies, and Indian tribes participating in the 
        environmental planning and review process for the 
        project, projects, or program.
            ``(2) Use of funds.--The funds may be provided only 
        to support activities that directly and meaningfully 
        contribute to expediting and improving permitting and 
        review processes, including planning, approval, and 
        consultation processes for the project, projects, or 
        program.
    ``(b) Activities Eligible for Funding.--Activities for 
which funds may be provided under subsection (a) include 
transportation planning activities that precede the initiation 
of the environmental review process, activities directly 
related to the environmental review process, dedicated 
staffing, training of agency personnel, information gathering 
and mapping, and development of programmatic agreements.
    ``(c) Amounts.--A request under subsection (a) may be 
approved only for the additional amounts that the Secretary 
determines are necessary for the Federal agencies, State 
agencies, or Indian tribes participating in the environmental 
review process to timely conduct the review.
    ``(d) Agreements.--Prior to providing funds approved by the 
Secretary for dedicated staffing at an affected Federal agency 
under subsection (a), the affected Federal agency and the 
requesting public entity shall enter into an agreement that 
establishes a process to identify projects or priorities to be 
addressed by the use of the funds.
    ``(e) Guidance.--
            ``(1) In general.--Not later than 180 days after 
        the date of enactment of this section, the Secretary 
        shall issue guidance to implement this section.
            ``(2) Factors.--As part of the guidance issued 
        under paragraph (1), the Secretary shall ensure--
                    ``(A) to the maximum extent practicable, 
                that expediting and improving the process of 
                environmental review and permitting through the 
                use of funds accepted and expended under this 
                section does not adversely affect the timeline 
                for review and permitting by Federal agencies, 
                State agencies, or Indian tribes of other 
                entities that have not contributed funds under 
                this section;
                    ``(B) that the use of funds accepted under 
                this section will not impact impartial 
                decisionmaking with respect to environmental 
                reviews or permits, either substantively or 
                procedurally; and
                    ``(C) that the Secretary maintains, and 
                makes publicly available, including on the 
                Internet, a list of projects or programs for 
                which such review or permits have been carried 
                out using funds authorized under this section.
    ``(f) Existing Authority.--Nothing in this section may be 
construed to conflict with section 139(j) of title 23.''.
    (b) Conforming Amendment.--The analysis for chapter 3 of 
title 49, United States Code, is amended by inserting after the 
item relating to section 306 the following:

``307. Improving State and Federal agency engagement in environmental 
          reviews.''.

SEC. 1313. ALIGNING FEDERAL ENVIRONMENTAL REVIEWS.

    (a) In General.--Title 49, United States Code, is amended 
by inserting after section 309 the following:

``Sec. 310. Aligning Federal environmental reviews

    ``(a) Coordinated and Concurrent Environmental Reviews.--
Not later than 1 year after the date of enactment of this 
section, the Department of Transportation, in coordination with 
the heads of Federal agencies likely to have substantive review 
or approval responsibilities under Federal law, shall develop a 
coordinated and concurrent environmental review and permitting 
process for transportation projects when initiating an 
environmental impact statement under the National Environmental 
Policy Act of 1969 (42 U.S.C. 4321 et seq.) (in this section 
referred to as `NEPA').
    ``(b) Contents.--The coordinated and concurrent 
environmental review and permitting process developed under 
subsection (a) shall--
            ``(1) ensure that the Department of Transportation 
        and agencies of jurisdiction possess sufficient 
        information early in the review process to determine a 
        statement of a transportation project's purpose and 
        need and range of alternatives for analysis that the 
        lead agency and agencies of jurisdiction will rely on 
        for concurrent environmental reviews and permitting 
        decisions required for the proposed project;
            ``(2) achieve early concurrence or issue resolution 
        during the NEPA scoping process on the Department of 
        Transportation's statement of a project's purpose and 
        need, and during development of the environmental 
        impact statement on the range of alternatives for 
        analysis, that the lead agency and agencies of 
        jurisdiction will rely on for concurrent environmental 
        reviews and permitting decisions required for the 
        proposed project absent circumstances that require 
        reconsideration in order to meet an agency of 
        jurisdiction's obligations under a statute or Executive 
        order; and
            ``(3) achieve concurrence or issue resolution in an 
        expedited manner if circumstances arise that require a 
        reconsideration of the purpose and need or range of 
        alternatives considered during any Federal agency's 
        environmental or permitting review in order to meet an 
        agency of jurisdiction's obligations under a statute or 
        Executive order.
    ``(c) Environmental Checklist.--
            ``(1) In general.--Not later than 90 days after the 
        date of enactment of this section, the Secretary of 
        Transportation and Federal agencies of jurisdiction 
        likely to have substantive review or approval 
        responsibilities on transportation projects shall 
        jointly develop a checklist to help project sponsors 
        identify potential natural, cultural, and historic 
        resources in the area of a proposed project.
            ``(2) Purpose.--The purpose of the checklist shall 
        be to--
                    ``(A) identify agencies of jurisdiction and 
                cooperating agencies;
                    ``(B) develop the information needed for 
                the purpose and need and alternatives for 
                analysis; and
                    ``(C) improve interagency collaboration to 
                help expedite the permitting process for the 
                lead agency and agencies of jurisdiction.
    ``(d) Interagency Collaboration.--
            ``(1) In general.--Consistent with Federal 
        environmental statutes, the Secretary of Transportation 
        shall facilitate annual interagency collaboration 
        sessions at the appropriate jurisdictional level to 
        coordinate business plans and facilitate coordination 
        of workload planning and workforce management.
            ``(2) Purpose of collaboration sessions.--The 
        interagency collaboration sessions shall ensure that 
        agency staff is--
                    ``(A) fully engaged;
                    ``(B) utilizing the flexibility of existing 
                regulations, policies, and guidance; and
                    ``(C) identifying additional actions to 
                facilitate high quality, efficient, and 
                targeted environmental reviews and permitting 
                decisions.
            ``(3) Focus of collaboration sessions.--The 
        interagency collaboration sessions, and the interagency 
        collaborations generated by the sessions, shall focus 
        on methods to--
                    ``(A) work with State and local 
                transportation entities to improve project 
                planning, siting, and application quality; and
                    ``(B) consult and coordinate with relevant 
                stakeholders and Federal, tribal, State, and 
                local representatives early in permitting 
                processes.
            ``(4) Consultation.--The interagency collaboration 
        sessions shall include a consultation with groups or 
        individuals representing State, tribal, and local 
        governments that are engaged in the infrastructure 
        permitting process.
    ``(e) Performance Measurement.--Not later than 1 year after 
the date of enactment of this section, the Secretary of 
Transportation, in coordination with relevant Federal agencies, 
shall establish a program to measure and report on progress 
toward aligning Federal reviews and reducing permitting and 
project delivery time as outlined in this section.
    ``(f) Reports.--
            ``(1) Report to congress.--Not later than 2 years 
        after the date of enactment of this section and 
        biennially thereafter, the Secretary of Transportation 
        shall submit to the Committee on Commerce, Science, and 
        Transportation of the Senate and the Committee on 
        Transportation and Infrastructure of the House of 
        Representatives a report that describes--
                    ``(A) progress in aligning Federal 
                environmental reviews under this section; and
                    ``(B) the impact this section has had on 
                accelerating the environmental review and 
                permitting process.
            ``(2) Inspector general report.--Not later than 3 
        years after the date of enactment of this section, the 
        Inspector General of the Department of Transportation 
        shall submit to the Committee on Commerce, Science, and 
        Transportation of the Senate and the Committee on 
        Transportation and Infrastructure of the House of 
        Representatives a report that describes--
                    ``(A) progress in aligning Federal 
                environmental reviews under this section; and
                    ``(B) the impact this section has had on 
                accelerating the environmental review and 
                permitting process.
    ``(g) Savings Provision.--This section shall not apply to 
any project subject to section 139 of title 23.''.
    (b) Conforming Amendment.--The analysis for chapter 3 of 
title 49, United States Code, is amended by inserting after the 
item relating to section 309 the following:

``310. Aligning Federal environmental reviews.''.

SEC. 1314. CATEGORICAL EXCLUSION FOR PROJECTS OF LIMITED FEDERAL 
                    ASSISTANCE.

    (a) Adjustment for Inflation.--Section 1317 of MAP-21 (23 
U.S.C. 109 note; Public Law 112-141) is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1)(A) by inserting ``(as adjusted 
        annually by the Secretary to reflect any increases in 
        the Consumer Price Index prepared by the Department of 
        Labor)'' after ``$5,000,000''; and
            (2) in paragraph (1)(B) by inserting ``(as adjusted 
        annually by the Secretary to reflect any increases in 
        the Consumer Price Index prepared by the Department of 
        Labor)'' after ``$30,000,000''.
    (b) Retroactive Application.--The first adjustment made 
pursuant to the amendments made by subsection (a) shall--
            (1) be carried out not later than 60 days after the 
        date of enactment of this Act; and
            (2) reflect the increase in the Consumer Price 
        Index since July 1, 2012.

SEC. 1315. PROGRAMMATIC AGREEMENT TEMPLATE.

    (a) In General.--Section 1318 of MAP-21 (23 U.S.C. 109 
note; Public Law 112-141) is amended by adding at the end the 
following:
    ``(e) Programmatic Agreement Template.--
            ``(1) In general.--The Secretary shall develop a 
        template programmatic agreement described in subsection 
        (d) that provides for efficient and adequate procedures 
        for evaluating Federal actions described in section 
        771.117(c) of title 23, Code of Federal Regulations (as 
        in effect on the date of enactment of this subsection).
            ``(2) Use of template.--The Secretary--
                    ``(A) on receipt of a request from a State, 
                shall use the template programmatic agreement 
                developed under paragraph (1) in carrying out 
                this section; and
                    ``(B) on consent of the applicable State, 
                may modify the template as necessary to address 
                the unique needs and characteristics of the 
                State.
            ``(3) Outcome measurements.--The Secretary shall 
        establish a method to verify that actions described in 
        section 771.117(c) of title 23, Code of Federal 
        Regulations (as in effect on the date of enactment of 
        this subsection), are evaluated and documented in a 
        consistent manner by the State that uses the template 
        programmatic agreement under this subsection.''.
    (b) Categorical Exclusion Determinations.--Not later than 
30 days after the date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary 
shall revise section 771.117(g) of title 23, Code of Federal 
Regulations, to allow a programmatic agreement under this 
section to include responsibility for making categorical 
exclusion determinations--
            (1) for actions described in subsections (c) and 
        (d) of section 771.117 of title 23, Code of Federal 
        Regulations; and
            (2) that meet the criteria for a categorical 
        exclusion under section 1508.4 of title 40, Code of 
        Federal Regulations (as in effect on the date of 
        enactment of this Act), and are identified in the 
        programmatic agreement.

SEC. 1316. ASSUMPTION OF AUTHORITIES.

    (a) In General.--The Secretary shall use the authority 
under section 106(c) of title 23, United States Code, to the 
maximum extent practicable, to allow a State to assume the 
responsibilities of the Secretary for project design, plans, 
specifications, estimates, contract awards, and inspection of 
projects, on both a project-specific and programmatic basis.
    (b) Submission of Recommendations.--Not later than 18 
months after the date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary, 
in cooperation with the States, shall submit to the Committee 
on Transportation and Infrastructure of the House of 
Representatives and the Committee on Environment and Public 
Works of the Senate recommendations for legislation to permit 
the assumption of additional authorities by States, including 
with respect to real estate acquisition and project design.

SEC. 1317. MODERNIZATION OF THE ENVIRONMENTAL REVIEW PROCESS.

    (a) In General.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall examine ways to 
modernize, simplify, and improve the implementation of the 
National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (42 U.S.C. 4321 et 
seq.) by the Department.
    (b) Inclusions.--In carrying out subsection (a), the 
Secretary shall consider--
            (1) the use of technology in the process, such as--
                    (A) searchable databases;
                    (B) geographic information system mapping 
                tools;
                    (C) integration of those tools with fiscal 
                management systems to provide more detailed 
                data; and
                    (D) other innovative technologies;
            (2) ways to prioritize use of programmatic 
        environmental impact statements;
            (3) methods to encourage cooperating agencies to 
        present analyses in a concise format; and
            (4) any other improvements that can be made to 
        modernize process implementation.
    (c) Report.--Not later than 1 year after the date of 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall submit to the 
Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure of the House of 
Representatives and the Committee on Environment and Public 
Works of the Senate a report describing the results of the 
review carried out under subsection (a).

SEC. 1318. ASSESSMENT OF PROGRESS ON ACCELERATING PROJECT DELIVERY.

    (a) In General.--Not later than 2 years after the date of 
enactment of this Act, the Comptroller General of the United 
States shall assess the progress made under this Act, MAP-21 
(Public Law 112-141), and SAFETEA-LU (Public Law 109-59), 
including the amendments made by those Acts, to accelerate the 
delivery of Federal-aid highway and highway safety construction 
projects and public transportation capital projects by 
streamlining the environmental review and permitting process.
    (b) Contents.--The assessment required under subsection (a) 
shall evaluate--
            (1) how often the various streamlining provisions 
        have been used;
            (2) which of the streamlining provisions have had 
        the greatest impact on streamlining the environmental 
        review and permitting process;
            (3) what, if any, impact streamlining of the 
        process has had on environmental protection;
            (4) how, and the extent to which, streamlining 
        provisions have improved and accelerated the process 
        for permitting under the Federal Water Pollution 
        Control Act (33 U.S.C. 1251 et seq.), the Endangered 
        Species Act of 1973 (16 U.S.C. 1531 et seq.), and other 
        applicable Federal laws;
            (5) what impact actions by the Council on 
        Environmental Quality have had on accelerating Federal-
        aid highway and highway safety construction projects 
        and public transportation capital projects;
            (6) the number and percentage of projects that 
        proceed under a traditional environmental assessment or 
        environmental impact statement, and the number and 
        percentage of projects that proceed under categorical 
        exclusions;
            (7) the extent to which the environmental review 
        and permitting process remains a significant source of 
        project delay and the sources of delays; and
            (8) the costs of conducting environmental reviews 
        and issuing permits or licenses for a project, 
        including the cost of contractors and dedicated agency 
        staff.
    (c) Recommendations.--The assessment required under 
subsection (a) shall include recommendations with respect to--
            (1) additional opportunities for streamlining the 
        environmental review process, including regulatory or 
        statutory changes to accelerate the processes of 
        Federal agencies (other than the Department) with 
        responsibility for reviewing Federal-aid highway and 
        highway safety construction projects and public 
        transportation capital projects without negatively 
        impacting the environment; and
            (2) best practices of other Federal agencies that 
        should be considered for adoption by the Department.
    (d) Report to Congress.--The Comptroller General of the 
United States shall submit to the Committee on Transportation 
and Infrastructure of the House of Representatives and the 
Committee on Environment and Public Works of the Senate a 
report containing the assessment and recommendations required 
under this section.

                       Subtitle D--Miscellaneous

SEC. 1401. PROHIBITION ON THE USE OF FUNDS FOR AUTOMATED TRAFFIC 
                    ENFORCEMENT.

    (a) Prohibition.--Except as provided in subsection (b), for 
fiscal years 2016 through 2020, funds apportioned to a State 
under section 104(b)(3) of title 23, United States Code, may 
not be used to purchase, operate, or maintain an automated 
traffic enforcement system.
    (b) Exception.--Subsection (a) does not apply to an 
automated traffic enforcement system located in a school zone.
    (c) Automated Traffic Enforcement System Defined.--In this 
section, the term ``automated traffic enforcement system'' 
means any camera that captures an image of a vehicle for the 
purposes of traffic law enforcement.

SEC. 1402. HIGHWAY TRUST FUND TRANSPARENCY AND ACCOUNTABILITY.

    (a) In General.--Section 104 of title 23, United States 
Code, is amended by striking subsection (g) and inserting the 
following:
    ``(g) Highway Trust Fund Transparency and Accountability 
Reports.--
            ``(1) Compilation of data.--Not later than 180 days 
        after the date of enactment of the FAST Act, the 
        Secretary shall compile data in accordance with this 
        subsection on the use of Federal-aid highway funds made 
        available under this title.
            ``(2) Requirements.--The Secretary shall ensure 
        that the reports required under this subsection are 
        made available in a user-friendly manner on the public 
        Internet website of the Department of Transportation 
        and can be searched and downloaded by users of the 
        website.
            ``(3) Contents of reports.--
                    ``(A) Apportioned and allocated programs.--
                On a semiannual basis, the Secretary shall make 
                available a report on funding apportioned and 
                allocated to the States under this title that 
                describes--
                            ``(i) the amount of funding 
                        obligated by each State, year-to-date, 
                        for the current fiscal year;
                            ``(ii) the amount of funds 
                        remaining available for obligation by 
                        each State;
                            ``(iii) changes in the obligated, 
                        unexpended balance for each State, 
                        year-to-date, during the current fiscal 
                        year, including the obligated, 
                        unexpended balance at the end of the 
                        preceding fiscal year and current 
                        fiscal year expenditures;
                            ``(iv) the amount and program 
                        category of unobligated funding, year-
                        to-date, available for expenditure at 
                        the discretion of the Secretary;
                            ``(v) the rates of obligation on 
                        and off the National Highway System, 
                        year-to-date, for the current fiscal 
                        year of funds apportioned, allocated, 
                        or set aside under this section, 
                        according to--
                                    ``(I) program;
                                    ``(II) funding category or 
                                subcategory;
                                    ``(III) type of 
                                improvement;
                                    ``(IV) State; and
                                    ``(V) sub-State 
                                geographical area, including 
                                urbanized and rural areas, on 
                                the basis of the population of 
                                each such area; and
                            ``(vi) the amount of funds 
                        transferred by each State, year-to-
                        date, for the current fiscal year 
                        between programs under section 126.
                    ``(B) Project data.--On an annual basis, 
                the Secretary shall make available a report 
                that provides, for any project funded under 
                this title (excluding projects for which funds 
                are transferred to agencies other than the 
                Federal Highway Administration) with an 
                estimated total cost as of the start of 
                construction greater than $25,000,000, and to 
                the maximum extent practicable, other projects 
                funded under this title, project data 
                describing--
                            ``(i) the specific location of the 
                        project;
                            ``(ii) the total cost of the 
                        project;
                            ``(iii) the amount of Federal 
                        funding obligated for the project;
                            ``(iv) the program or programs from 
                        which Federal funds have been obligated 
                        for the project;
                            ``(v) the type of improvement being 
                        made, such as categorizing the project 
                        as--
                                    ``(I) a road reconstruction 
                                project;
                                    ``(II) a new road 
                                construction project;
                                    ``(III) a new bridge 
                                construction project;
                                    ``(IV) a bridge 
                                rehabilitation project; or
                                    ``(V) a bridge replacement 
                                project;
                            ``(vi) the ownership of the highway 
                        or bridge;
                            ``(vii) whether the project is 
                        located in an area of the State with a 
                        population of--
                                    ``(I) less than 5,000 
                                individuals;
                                    ``(II) 5,000 or more 
                                individuals but less than 
                                50,000 individuals;
                                    ``(III) 50,000 or more 
                                individuals but less than 
                                200,000 individuals; or
                                    ``(IV) 200,000 or more 
                                individuals; and
                            ``(viii) available information on 
                        the estimated cost of the project as of 
                        the start of project construction, or 
                        the revised cost estimate based on a 
                        description of revisions to the scope 
                        of work or other factors affecting 
                        project cost other than cost 
                        overruns.''.
    (b) Conforming Amendment.--Section 1503 of MAP-21 (23 
U.S.C. 104 note; Public Law 112-141) is amended by striking 
subsection (c).

SEC. 1403. ADDITIONAL DEPOSITS INTO HIGHWAY TRUST FUND.

    (a) In General.--Chapter 1 of title 23, United States Code, 
is amended by inserting after section 104 the following:

``Sec. 105. Additional deposits into Highway Trust Fund

    ``(a) In General.--If monies are deposited into the Highway 
Account or Mass Transit Account pursuant to a law enacted 
subsequent to the date of enactment of the FAST Act, the 
Secretary shall make available additional amounts of contract 
authority under subsections (b) and (c).
    ``(b) Amount of Adjustment.--If monies are deposited into 
the Highway Account or the Mass Transit Account as described in 
subsection (a), on October 1 of the fiscal year following the 
deposit of such monies, the Secretary shall--
            ``(1) make available for programs authorized from 
        such account for such fiscal year a total amount equal 
        to--
                    ``(A) the amount otherwise authorized to be 
                appropriated for such programs for such fiscal 
                year; plus
                    ``(B) an amount equal to such monies 
                deposited into such account during the previous 
                fiscal year as described in subsection (a); and
            ``(2) distribute the additional amount under 
        paragraph (1)(B) to each of such programs in accordance 
        with subsection (c).
    ``(c) Distribution of Adjustment Among Programs.--
            ``(1) In general.--In making an adjustment for 
        programs authorized to be appropriated from the Highway 
        Account or the Mass Transit Account for a fiscal year 
        under subsection (b), the Secretary shall--
                    ``(A) determine the ratio that--
                            ``(i) the amount authorized to be 
                        appropriated for a program from the 
                        account for the fiscal year; bears to
                            ``(ii) the total amount authorized 
                        to be appropriated for such fiscal year 
                        for all programs under such account;
                    ``(B) multiply the ratio determined under 
                subparagraph (A) by the amount of the 
                adjustment determined under subsection 
                (b)(1)(B); and
                    ``(C) adjust the amount that the Secretary 
                would otherwise have allocated for the program 
                for such fiscal year by the amount calculated 
                under subparagraph (B).
            ``(2) Formula programs.--For a program for which 
        funds are distributed by formula, the Secretary shall 
        add the adjustment to the amount authorized for the 
        program but for this section and make available the 
        adjusted program amount for such program in accordance 
        with such formula.
            ``(3) Availability for obligation.--Adjusted 
        amounts under this subsection shall be available for 
        obligation and administered in the same manner as other 
        amounts made available for the program for which the 
        amount is adjusted.
    ``(d) Exclusion of Emergency Relief Program and Covered 
Administrative Expenses.--The Secretary shall exclude the 
emergency relief program under section 125 and covered 
administrative expenses from an adjustment of funding under 
subsection (c)(1).
    ``(e) Authorization of Appropriations.--There is authorized 
to be appropriated from the appropriate account or accounts of 
the Highway Trust Fund an amount equal to the amount of an 
adjustment for a fiscal year under subsection (b) for any of 
fiscal years 2017 through 2020.
    ``(f) Revision to Obligation Limitations.--
            ``(1) In general.--If the Secretary makes an 
        adjustment under subsection (b) for a fiscal year to an 
        amount subject to a limitation on obligations imposed 
        by section 1102 or 3018 of the FAST Act--
                    ``(A) such limitation on obligations for 
                such fiscal year shall be revised by an amount 
                equal to such adjustment; and
                    ``(B) the Secretary shall distribute such 
                limitation on obligations, as revised under 
                subparagraph (A), in accordance with such 
                sections.
            ``(2) Exclusion of covered administrative 
        expenses.--The Secretary shall exclude covered 
        administrative expenses from--
                    ``(A) any calculation relating to a 
                revision of a limitation on obligations under 
                paragraph (1)(A); and
                    ``(B) any distribution of a revised 
                limitation on obligations under paragraph 
                (1)(B).
    ``(g) Definitions.--In this section, the following 
definitions apply:
            ``(1) Covered administrative expenses.--The term 
        `covered administrative expenses' means the 
        administrative expenses of--
                    ``(A) the Federal Highway Administration, 
                as authorized under section 104(a);
                    ``(B) the National Highway Traffic Safety 
                Administration, as authorized under section 
                4001(a)(6) of the FAST Act; and
                    ``(C) the Federal Motor Carrier Safety 
                Administration, as authorized under section 
                31110 of title 49.
            ``(2) Highway account.--The term `Highway Account' 
        means the portion of the Highway Trust Fund that is not 
        the Mass Transit Account.
            ``(3) Mass transit account.--The term `Mass Transit 
        Account' means the Mass Transit Account of the Highway 
        Trust Fund established under section 9503(e)(1) of the 
        Internal Revenue Code of 1986.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The analysis for such chapter is 
amended by inserting after the item relating to section 104 the 
following:

``105. Additional deposits into Highway Trust Fund.''.

SEC. 1404. DESIGN STANDARDS.

    (a) In General.--Section 109 of title 23, United States 
Code, is amended--
            (1) in subsection (c)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1)--
                            (i) in the matter preceding 
                        subparagraph (A) by striking ``may take 
                        into account'' and inserting ``shall 
                        consider'';
                            (ii) in subparagraph (B) by 
                        striking ``and'' at the end;
                            (iii) by redesignating subparagraph 
                        (C) as subparagraph (D); and
                            (iv) by inserting after 
                        subparagraph (B) the following:
                    ``(C) cost savings by utilizing flexibility 
                that exists in current design guidance and 
                regulations; and''; and
                    (B) in paragraph (2)--
                            (i) in subparagraph (C) by striking 
                        ``and'' at the end;
                            (ii) by redesignating subparagraph 
                        (D) as subparagraph (F); and
                            (iii) by inserting after 
                        subparagraph (C) the following:
                    ``(D) the publication entitled `Highway 
                Safety Manual' of the American Association of 
                State Highway and Transportation Officials;
                    ``(E) the publication entitled `Urban 
                Street Design Guide' of the National 
                Association of City Transportation Officials; 
                and''; and
            (2) in subsection (f) by inserting ``pedestrian 
        walkways,'' after ``bikeways,''.
    (b) Design Standard Flexibility.--Notwithstanding section 
109(o) of title 23, United States Code, a State may allow a 
local jurisdiction to use a roadway design publication that is 
different from the roadway design publication used by the State 
in which the local jurisdiction is located for the design of a 
project on a roadway under the ownership of the local 
jurisdiction (other than a highway on the Interstate System) 
if--
            (1) the local jurisdiction is a direct recipient of 
        Federal funds for the project;
            (2) the roadway design publication--
                    (A) is recognized by the Federal Highway 
                Administration; and
                    (B) is adopted by the local jurisdiction; 
                and
            (3) the design complies with all other applicable 
        Federal laws.

SEC. 1405. JUSTIFICATION REPORTS FOR ACCESS POINTS ON THE INTERSTATE 
                    SYSTEM.

    Section 111(e) of title 23, United States Code, is amended 
by inserting ``(including new or modified freeway-to-crossroad 
interchanges inside a transportation management area)'' after 
``the Interstate System''.

SEC. 1406. PERFORMANCE PERIOD ADJUSTMENT.

    (a) National Highway Performance Program.--Section 119 of 
title 23, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in subsection (e)(7), by striking ``for 2 
        consecutive reports submitted under this paragraph 
        shall include in the next report submitted'' and 
        inserting ``shall include as part of the performance 
        target report under section 150(e)''; and
            (2) in subsection (f)(1)(A) in the matter preceding 
        clause (i) by striking ``If, during 2 consecutive 
        reporting periods, the condition of the Interstate 
        System, excluding bridges on the Interstate System, in 
        a State falls'' and inserting ``If a State reports that 
        the condition of the Interstate System, excluding 
        bridges on the Interstate System, has fallen''.
    (b) Highway Safety Improvement Program.--Section 148(i) of 
title 23, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in the matter preceding paragraph (1), by 
        striking ``performance targets of the State established 
        under section 150(d) by the date that is 2 years after 
        the date of the establishment of the performance 
        targets'' and inserting ``safety performance targets of 
        the State established under section 150(d)''; and
            (2) in paragraphs (1) and (2), by inserting 
        ``safety'' before ``performance targets'' each place it 
        appears.

SEC. 1407. VEHICLE-TO-INFRASTRUCTURE EQUIPMENT.

    (a) National Highway Performance Program.--Section 
119(d)(2)(L) of title 23, United States Code, is amended by 
inserting ``, including the installation of vehicle-to-
infrastructure communication equipment'' after ``capital 
improvements''.
    (b) Surface Transportation Block Grant Program.--Section 
133(b)(1)(D) of title 23, United States Code, is amended by 
inserting ``, including the installation of vehicle-to-
infrastructure communication equipment'' after ``capital 
improvements''.

SEC. 1408. FEDERAL SHARE PAYABLE.

    (a) Innovative Project Delivery Methods.--Section 120(c)(3) 
of title 23, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in subparagraph (A)(ii)--
                    (A) by inserting ``engineering or design 
                approaches,'' after ``technologies,''; and
                    (B) by inserting ``or project delivery'' 
                after ``or contracting'';
            (2) in subparagraph (B)--
                    (A) in clause (iii) by inserting ``and 
                alternative bidding'' before the semicolon at 
                the end;
                    (B) in clause (iv) by striking ``or'' at 
                the end;
                    (C) by redesignating clause (v) as clause 
                (vi); and
                    (D) by inserting after clause (iv) the 
                following:
                            ``(v) innovative pavement materials 
                        that have a demonstrated life cycle of 
                        75 or more years, are manufactured with 
                        reduced greenhouse gas emissions, and 
                        reduce construction-related congestion 
                        by rapidly curing; or''; and
    (b) Emergency Relief.--Section 120(e)(2) of title 23, 
United States Code, is amended by striking ``Federal land 
access transportation facilities'' and inserting ``other 
Federally owned roads that are open to public travel''.

SEC. 1409. MILK PRODUCTS.

    Section 127(a) of title 23, United States Code, is amended 
by adding at the end the following:
            ``(13) Milk products.--A vehicle carrying fluid 
        milk products shall be considered a load that cannot be 
        easily dismantled or divided.''.

SEC. 1410. INTERSTATE WEIGHT LIMITS.

    Section 127 of title 23, United States Code, is amended by 
adding at the end the following:
    ``(m) Covered Heavy-duty Tow and Recovery Vehicles.--
            ``(1) In general.--The vehicle weight limitations 
        set forth in this section do not apply to a covered 
        heavy-duty tow and recovery vehicle.
            ``(2) Covered heavy-duty tow and recovery vehicle 
        defined.--In this subsection, the term `covered heavy-
        duty tow and recovery vehicle' means a vehicle that--
                    ``(A) is transporting a disabled vehicle 
                from the place where the vehicle became 
                disabled to the nearest appropriate repair 
                facility; and
                    ``(B) has a gross vehicle weight that is 
                equal to or exceeds the gross vehicle weight of 
                the disabled vehicle being transported.
    ``(n) Operation of Vehicles on Certain Highways in the 
State of Texas.--If any segment in the State of Texas of United 
States Route 59, United States Route 77, United States Route 
281, United States Route 84, Texas State Highway 44, or another 
roadway is designated as Interstate Route 69, a vehicle that 
could operate legally on that segment before the date of the 
designation may continue to operate on that segment, without 
regard to any requirement under this section.
    ``(o) Certain Logging Vehicles in the State of Wisconsin.--
            ``(1) In general.--The Secretary shall waive, with 
        respect to a covered logging vehicle, the application 
        of any vehicle weight limit established under this 
        section.
            ``(2) Covered logging vehicle defined.--In this 
        subsection, the term `covered logging vehicle' means a 
        vehicle that--
                    ``(A) is transporting raw or unfinished 
                forest products, including logs, pulpwood, 
                biomass, or wood chips;
                    ``(B) has a gross vehicle weight of not 
                more than 98,000 pounds;
                    ``(C) has not less than 6 axles; and
                    ``(D) is operating on a segment of 
                Interstate Route 39 in the State of Wisconsin 
                from mile marker 175.8 to mile marker 189.
    ``(p) Operation of Certain Specialized Vehicles on Certain 
Highways in the State of Arkansas.--If any segment of United 
States Route 63 between the exits for highways 14 and 75 in the 
State of Arkansas is designated as part of the Interstate 
System, the single axle weight, tandem axle weight, gross 
vehicle weight, and bridge formula limits under subsection (a) 
and the width limitation under section 31113(a) of title 49 
shall not apply to that segment with respect to the operation 
of any vehicle that could operate legally on that segment 
before the date of the designation.
    ``(q) Certain Logging Vehicles in the State of Minnesota.--
            ``(1) In general.--The Secretary shall waive, with 
        respect to a covered logging vehicle, the application 
        of any vehicle weight limit established under this 
        section.
            ``(2) Covered logging vehicle defined.--In this 
        subsection, the term `covered logging vehicle' means a 
        vehicle that--
                    ``(A) is transporting raw or unfinished 
                forest products, including logs, pulpwood, 
                biomass, or wood chips;
                    ``(B) has a gross vehicle weight of not 
                more than 99,000 pounds;
                    ``(C) has not less than 6 axles; and
                    ``(D) is operating on a segment of 
                Interstate Route 35 in the State of Minnesota 
                from mile marker 235.4 to mile marker 259.552.
    ``(r) Emergency Vehicles.--
            ``(1) In general.--Notwithstanding subsection (a), 
        a State shall not enforce against an emergency vehicle 
        a vehicle weight limit (up to a maximum gross vehicle 
        weight of 86,000 pounds) of less than--
                    ``(A) 24,000 pounds on a single steering 
                axle;
                    ``(B) 33,500 pounds on a single drive axle;
                    ``(C) 62,000 pounds on a tandem axle; or
                    ``(D) 52,000 pounds on a tandem rear drive 
                steer axle.
            ``(2) Emergency vehicle defined.--In this 
        subsection, the term `emergency vehicle' means a 
        vehicle designed to be used under emergency 
        conditions--
                    ``(A) to transport personnel and equipment; 
                and
                    ``(B) to support the suppression of fires 
                and mitigation of other hazardous situations.
    ``(s) Natural Gas Vehicles.--A vehicle, if operated by an 
engine fueled primarily by natural gas, may exceed any vehicle 
weight limit (up to a maximum gross vehicle weight of 82,000 
pounds) under this section by an amount that is equal to the 
difference between--
            ``(1) the weight of the vehicle attributable to the 
        natural gas tank and fueling system carried by that 
        vehicle; and
            ``(2) the weight of a comparable diesel tank and 
        fueling system.''.

SEC. 1411. TOLLING; HOV FACILITIES; INTERSTATE RECONSTRUCTION AND 
                    REHABILITATION.

    (a) Tolling.--Section 129(a) of title 23, United States 
Code, is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (3)(A), in the matter preceding 
        clause (i)--
                    (A) by striking ``shall use'' and inserting 
                ``shall ensure that''; and
                    (B) by inserting ``are used'' before ``only 
                for'';
            (2) by striking paragraph (4) and redesignating 
        paragraphs (5) through (9) as paragraphs (4) through 
        (8), respectively; and
            (3) in subparagraph (B) of paragraph (4) (as so 
        redesignated) by striking ``Federal-aid system'' and 
        inserting ``Federal-aid highways'';
            (4) by inserting after paragraph (8) (as so 
        redesignated)--
            ``(9) Equal access for over-the-road buses.--An 
        over-the-road bus that serves the public shall be 
        provided access to a toll facility under the same 
        rates, terms, and conditions as public transportation 
        buses.''; and
            (5) in paragraph (10)--
                    (A) by redesignating subparagraphs (C) and 
                (D) as subparagraphs (D) and (E), respectively; 
                and
                    (B) by inserting after subparagraph (B) the 
                following:
                    ``(C) Over-the-road bus.--The term `over-
                the-road bus' has the meaning given the term in 
                section 301 of the Americans with Disabilities 
                Act of 1990 (42 U.S.C. 12181).''.
    (b) HOV Facilities.--Section 166 of title 23, United States 
Code, is amended--
            (1) by striking ``the agency'' each place it 
        appears and inserting ``the authority'';
            (2) in subsection (a)(1)--
                    (A) by striking the paragraph heading and 
                inserting ``authority of public authorities''; 
                and
                    (B) by striking ``State agency'' and 
                inserting ``public authority'';
            (3) in subsection (b)--
                    (A) by striking ``State agency'' each place 
                it appears and inserting ``public authority'';
                    (B) in paragraph (3)--
                            (i) in subparagraph (A) by striking 
                        ``and'' at the end;
                            (ii) in subparagraph (B) by 
                        striking the period at the end and 
                        inserting ``; and''; and
                            (iii) by adding at the end the 
                        following:
                    ``(C) provides equal access under the same 
                rates, terms, and conditions for all public 
                transportation vehicles and over-the-road buses 
                serving the public.'';
                    (C) in paragraph (4)(C)--
                            (i) in clause (i) by striking 
                        ``and'' at the end;
                            (ii) in clause (ii) by striking the 
                        period at the end and inserting ``; 
                        and''; and
                            (iii) by adding at the end the 
                        following:
                            ``(iii) ensure that over-the-road 
                        buses serving the public are provided 
                        access to the facility under the same 
                        rates, terms, and conditions as public 
                        transportation buses.''; and
                    (D) in paragraph (5)--
                            (i) by striking subparagraph (A) 
                        and inserting the following:
                    ``(A) Special rule.--Before September 30, 
                2025, if a public authority establishes 
                procedures for enforcing the restrictions on 
                the use of a HOV facility by vehicles described 
                in clauses (i) and (ii), the public authority 
                may allow the use of the HOV facility by--
                            ``(i) alternative fuel vehicles; 
                        and
                            ``(ii) any motor vehicle described 
                        in section 30D(d)(1) of the Internal 
                        Revenue Code of 1986.''; and
                            (ii) in subparagraph (B) by 
                        striking ``2017'' and inserting 
                        ``2019'';
            (4) in subsection (c)--
                    (A) by striking paragraph (1) and inserting 
                the following:
            ``(1) In general.--Notwithstanding section 301, 
        tolls may be charged under paragraphs (4) and (5) of 
        subsection (b), subject to the requirements of section 
        129.''; and
                    (B) by striking paragraph (2) and 
                redesignating paragraph (3) as paragraph (2);
            (5) in subsection (d)--
                    (A) by striking ``State agency'' each place 
                it appears and inserting ``public authority'';
                    (B) in paragraph (1)--
                            (i) by striking subparagraphs (D) 
                        and (E); and
                            (ii) by inserting after 
                        subparagraph (C) the following:
                    ``(D) Maintenance of operating 
                performance.--
                            ``(i) Submission of plan.--Not 
                        later than 180 days after the date on 
                        which a facility is degraded under 
                        paragraph (2), the public authority 
                        with jurisdiction over the facility 
                        shall submit to the Secretary for 
                        approval a plan that details the 
                        actions the public authority will take 
                        to make significant progress toward 
                        bringing the facility into compliance 
                        with the minimum average operating 
                        speed performance standard through 
                        changes to the operation of the 
                        facility, including--
                                    ``(I) increasing the 
                                occupancy requirement for HOV 
                                lanes;
                                    ``(II) varying the toll 
                                charged to vehicles allowed 
                                under subsection (b) to reduce 
                                demand;
                                    ``(III) discontinuing 
                                allowing non-HOV vehicles to 
                                use HOV lanes under subsection 
                                (b); or
                                    ``(IV) increasing the 
                                available capacity of the HOV 
                                facility.
                            ``(ii) Notice of approval or 
                        disapproval.--Not later than 60 days 
                        after the date of receipt of a plan 
                        under clause (i), the Secretary shall 
                        provide to the public authority a 
                        written notice indicating whether the 
                        Secretary has approved or disapproved 
                        the plan based on a determination of 
                        whether the implementation of the plan 
                        will make significant progress toward 
                        bringing the HOV facility into 
                        compliance with the minimum average 
                        operating speed performance standard.
                            ``(iii) Annual progress updates.--
                        Until the date on which the Secretary 
                        determines that the public authority 
                        has brought the HOV facility into 
                        compliance with this subsection, the 
                        public authority shall submit annual 
                        updates that describe--
                                    ``(I) the actions taken to 
                                bring the HOV facility into 
                                compliance; and
                                    ``(II) the progress made by 
                                those actions.
                    ``(E) Compliance.--If the public authority 
                fails to bring a facility into compliance under 
                subparagraph (D), the Secretary shall subject 
                the public authority to appropriate program 
                sanctions under section 1.36 of title 23, Code 
                of Federal Regulations (or successor 
                regulations), until the performance is no 
                longer degraded.
                    ``(F) Waiver.--
                            ``(i) In general.--Upon the request 
                        of a public authority, the Secretary 
                        may waive the compliance requirements 
                        of subparagraph (E), if the Secretary 
                        determines that--
                                    ``(I) the waiver is in the 
                                best interest of the traveling 
                                public;
                                    ``(II) the public authority 
                                is meeting the conditions under 
                                subparagraph (D); and
                                    ``(III) the public 
                                authority has made a good faith 
                                effort to improve the 
                                performance of the facility.
                            ``(ii) Condition.--The Secretary 
                        may require, as a condition of 
                        providing a waiver under this 
                        subparagraph, that a public authority 
                        take additional actions, as determined 
                        by the Secretary, to maximize the 
                        operating speed performance of the 
                        facility, even if such performance is 
                        below the level set under paragraph 
                        (2).'';
            (6) in subsection (f)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1), in the matter 
                preceding subparagraph (A), by inserting 
                ``solely'' before ``operating'';
                    (B) in paragraph (4)(B)(iii) by striking 
                ``State agency'' and inserting ``public 
                authority'';
                    (C) by striking paragraph (5);
                    (D) by redesignating paragraph (4) as 
                paragraph (6); and
                    (E) by inserting after paragraph (3) the 
                following:
            ``(4) Over-the-road bus.--The term `over-the-road 
        bus' has the meaning given the term in section 301 of 
        the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 (42 U.S.C. 
        12181).
            ``(5) Public authority.--The term `public 
        authority' as used with respect to a HOV facility, 
        means a State, interstate compact of States, public 
        entity designated by a State, or local government 
        having jurisdiction over the operation of the 
        facility.''; and
            (7) by adding at the end the following:
    ``(g) Consultation of MPO.--If a HOV facility charging 
tolls under paragraph (4) or (5) of subsection (b) is on the 
Interstate System and located in a metropolitan planning area 
established in accordance with section 134, the public 
authority shall consult with the metropolitan planning 
organization for the area concerning the placement and amount 
of tolls on the facility.''.
    (c) Interstate System Reconstruction and Rehabilitation 
Pilot Program.--Section 1216(b) of the Transportation Equity 
Act for the 21st Century (Public Law 105-178) is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (4)--
                    (A) in subparagraph (D) by striking ``and'' 
                at the end;
                    (B) in subparagraph (E) by striking the 
                period and inserting ``; and''; and
                    (C) by adding at the end the following:
                    ``(F) the State has the authority required 
                for the project to proceed.'';
            (2) by redesignating paragraphs (6) through (8) as 
        paragraphs (8) through (10), respectively; and
            (3) by inserting after paragraph (5) the following:
            ``(6) Requirements for project completion.--
                    ``(A) General term for expiration of 
                provisional application.--An application 
                provisionally approved by the Secretary under 
                this subsection shall expire 3 years after the 
                date on which the application was provisionally 
                approved if the State has not--
                            ``(i) submitted a complete 
                        application to the Secretary that fully 
                        satisfies the eligibility criteria 
                        under paragraph (3) and the selection 
                        criteria under paragraph (4);
                            ``(ii) completed the environmental 
                        review and permitting process under the 
                        National Environmental Policy Act of 
                        1969 (42 U.S.C. 4321 et seq.) for the 
                        pilot project; and
                            ``(iii) executed a toll agreement 
                        with the Secretary.
                    ``(B) Exceptions to expiration.--
                Notwithstanding subparagraph (A), the Secretary 
                may extend the provisional approval for not 
                more than 1 additional year if the State 
                demonstrates material progress toward 
                implementation of the project as evidenced by--
                            ``(i) substantial progress in 
                        completing the environmental review and 
                        permitting process for the pilot 
                        project under the National 
                        Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (42 
                        U.S.C. 4321 et seq.);
                            ``(ii) funding and financing 
                        commitments for the pilot project;
                            ``(iii) expressions of support for 
                        the pilot project from State and local 
                        governments, community interests, and 
                        the public; and
                            ``(iv) submission of a facility 
                        management plan pursuant to paragraph 
                        (3)(D).
                    ``(C) Conditions for previously 
                provisionally approved applications.--A State 
                with a provisionally approved application for a 
                pilot project as of the date of enactment of 
                the FAST Act shall have 1 year after that date 
                of enactment to meet the requirements of 
                subparagraph (A) or receive an extension from 
                the Secretary under subparagraph (B), or the 
                application will expire.
            ``(7) Definition.--In this subsection, the term 
        `provisional approval' or `provisionally approved' 
        means the approval by the Secretary of a partial 
        application under this subsection, including the 
        reservation of a slot in the pilot program.''.
    (d) Approval of Applications.--The Secretary may approve an 
application submitted under section 1604(c) of SAFETEA-LU 
(Public Law 109-59; 119 Stat. 1253) if the application, or any 
part of the application, was submitted before the deadline 
specified in section 1604(c)(8) of that Act.

SEC. 1412. PROJECTS FOR PUBLIC SAFETY RELATING TO IDLING TRAINS.

    Section 130(a) of title 23, United States Code, is amended 
by striking ``and the relocation of highways to eliminate grade 
crossings'' and inserting ``the relocation of highways to 
eliminate grade crossings, and projects at grade crossings to 
eliminate hazards posed by blocked grade crossings due to 
idling trains''.

SEC. 1413. NATIONAL ELECTRIC VEHICLE CHARGING AND HYDROGEN, PROPANE, 
                    AND NATURAL GAS FUELING CORRIDORS.

    (a) In General.--Chapter 1 of title 23, United States Code, 
is amended by inserting after section 150 the following:

``Sec. 151. National electric vehicle charging and hydrogen, propane, 
                    and natural gas fueling corridors

    ``(a) In General.--Not later than 1 year after the date of 
enactment of the FAST Act, the Secretary shall designate 
national electric vehicle charging and hydrogen, propane, and 
natural gas fueling corridors that identify the near- and long-
term need for, and location of, electric vehicle charging 
infrastructure, hydrogen fueling infrastructure, propane 
fueling infrastructure, and natural gas fueling infrastructure 
at strategic locations along major national highways to improve 
the mobility of passenger and commercial vehicles that employ 
electric, hydrogen fuel cell, propane, and natural gas fueling 
technologies across the United States.
    ``(b) Designation of Corridors.--In designating the 
corridors under subsection (a), the Secretary shall--
            ``(1) solicit nominations from State and local 
        officials for facilities to be included in the 
        corridors;
            ``(2) incorporate existing electric vehicle 
        charging, hydrogen fueling, propane fueling, and 
        natural gas fueling corridors designated by a State or 
        group of States; and
            ``(3) consider the demand for, and location of, 
        existing electric vehicle charging stations, hydrogen 
        fueling stations, propane fueling stations, and natural 
        gas fueling infrastructure.
    ``(c) Stakeholders.--In designating corridors under 
subsection (a), the Secretary shall involve, on a voluntary 
basis, stakeholders that include--
            ``(1) the heads of other Federal agencies;
            ``(2) State and local officials;
            ``(3) representatives of--
                    ``(A) energy utilities;
                    ``(B) the electric, fuel cell electric, 
                propane, and natural gas vehicle industries;
                    ``(C) the freight and shipping industry;
                    ``(D) clean technology firms;
                    ``(E) the hospitality industry;
                    ``(F) the restaurant industry;
                    ``(G) highway rest stop vendors; and
                    ``(H) industrial gas and hydrogen 
                manufacturers; and
            ``(4) such other stakeholders as the Secretary 
        determines to be necessary.
    ``(d) Redesignation.--Not later than 5 years after the date 
of establishment of the corridors under subsection (a), and 
every 5 years thereafter, the Secretary shall update and 
redesignate the corridors.
    ``(e) Report.--During designation and redesignation of the 
corridors under this section, the Secretary shall issue a 
report that--
            ``(1) identifies electric vehicle charging 
        infrastructure, hydrogen fueling infrastructure, 
        propane fueling infrastructure, and natural gas fueling 
        infrastructure and standardization needs for 
        electricity providers, industrial gas providers, 
        natural gas providers, infrastructure providers, 
        vehicle manufacturers, electricity purchasers, and 
        natural gas purchasers; and
            ``(2) establishes an aspirational goal of achieving 
        strategic deployment of electric vehicle charging 
        infrastructure, hydrogen fueling infrastructure, 
        propane fueling infrastructure, and natural gas fueling 
        infrastructure in those corridors by the end of fiscal 
        year 2020.''.
    (b) Conforming Amendment.--The analysis for chapter 1 of 
title 23, United States Code, is amended by inserting after the 
item relating to section 150 the following:

``151. National electric vehicle charging and hydrogen, propane, and 
          natural gas fueling corridors.''.
    (c) Operation of Battery Recharging Stations in Parking 
Areas Used by Federal Employees.--
            (1) Authorization.--
                    (A) In general.--The Administrator of 
                General Services may install, construct, 
                operate, and maintain on a reimbursable basis a 
                battery recharging station (or allow, on a 
                reimbursable basis, the use of a 120-volt 
                electrical receptacle for battery recharging) 
                in a parking area that is in the custody, 
                control, or administrative jurisdiction of the 
                General Services Administration for the use of 
                only privately owned vehicles of employees of 
                the General Services Administration, tenant 
                Federal agencies, and others who are authorized 
                to park in such area to the extent such use by 
                only privately owned vehicles does not 
                interfere with or impede access to the 
                equipment by Federal fleet vehicles.
                    (B) Areas under other federal agencies.--
                The Administrator of General Services (on the 
                request of a Federal agency) or the head of a 
                Federal agency may install, construct, operate, 
                and maintain on a reimbursable basis a battery 
                recharging station (or allow, on a reimbursable 
                basis, the use of a 120-volt electrical 
                receptacle for battery recharging) in a parking 
                area that is in the custody, control, or 
                administrative jurisdiction of the requesting 
                Federal agency, to the extent such use by only 
                privately owned vehicles does not interfere 
                with or impede access to the equipment by 
                Federal fleet vehicles.
                    (C) Use of vendors.--The Administrator of 
                General Services, with respect to subparagraph 
                (A) or (B), or the head of a Federal agency, 
                with respect to subparagraph (B), may carry out 
                such subparagraph through a contract with a 
                vendor, under such terms and conditions 
                (including terms relating to the allocation 
                between the Federal agency and the vendor of 
                the costs of carrying out the contract) as the 
                Administrator or the head of the Federal 
                agency, as the case may be, and the vendor may 
                agree to.
            (2) Imposition of fees to cover costs.--
                    (A) Fees.--The Administrator of General 
                Services or the head of the Federal agency 
                under paragraph (1)(B) shall charge fees to the 
                individuals who use the battery recharging 
                station in such amount as is necessary to 
                ensure that the respective agency recovers all 
                of the costs such agency incurs in installing, 
                constructing, operating, and maintaining the 
                station.
                    (B) Deposit and availability of fees.--Any 
                fees collected by the Administrator of General 
                Services or the Federal agency, as the case may 
                be, under this paragraph shall be--
                            (i) deposited monthly in the 
                        Treasury to the credit of the 
                        respective agency's appropriations 
                        account for the operations of the 
                        building where the battery recharging 
                        station is located; and
                            (ii) available for obligation 
                        without further appropriation during--
                                    (I) the fiscal year 
                                collected; and
                                    (II) the fiscal year 
                                following the fiscal year 
                                collected.
            (3) No effect on existing programs for house and 
        senate.--Nothing in this subsection affects the 
        installation, construction, operation, or maintenance 
        of battery recharging stations by the Architect of the 
        Capitol--
                    (A) under Public Law 112-170 (2 U.S.C. 
                2171), relating to employees of the House of 
                Representatives and individuals authorized to 
                park in any parking area under the jurisdiction 
                of the House of Representatives on the Capitol 
                Grounds; or
                    (B) under Public Law 112-167 (2 U.S.C. 
                2170), relating to employees of the Senate and 
                individuals authorized to park in any parking 
                area under the jurisdiction of the Senate on 
                the Capitol Grounds.
            (4) No effect on similar authorities.--Nothing in 
        this subsection--
                    (A) repeals or limits any existing 
                authorities of a Federal agency to install, 
                construct, operate, or maintain battery 
                recharging stations; or
                    (B) requires a Federal agency to seek 
                reimbursement for the costs of installing or 
                constructing a battery recharging station--
                            (i) that has been installed or 
                        constructed prior to the date of 
                        enactment of this Act;
                            (ii) that is installed or 
                        constructed for Federal fleet vehicles, 
                        but that receives incidental use to 
                        recharge privately owned vehicles; or
                            (iii) that is otherwise installed 
                        or constructed pursuant to 
                        appropriations for that purpose.
            (5) Annual report to congress.--Not later than 2 
        years after the date of enactment of this Act, and 
        annually thereafter for 10 years, the Administrator of 
        General Services shall submit to the Committee on 
        Transportation and Infrastructure of the House of 
        Representatives and the Committee on Environment and 
        Public Works of the Senate a report describing--
                    (A) the number of battery recharging 
                stations installed by the Administrator on the 
                Administrator's own initiative under this 
                subsection;
                    (B) requests from other Federal agencies to 
                install battery recharging stations; and
                    (C) the status and disposition of requests 
                from other Federal agencies.
            (6) Federal agency defined.--In this subsection, 
        the term ``Federal agency'' has the meaning given the 
        term ``Executive agency'' in section 105 of title 5, 
        United States Code, and includes--
                    (A) the United States Postal Service;
                    (B) the Executive Office of the President;
                    (C) the military departments (as defined in 
                section 102 of title 5, United States Code); 
                and
                    (D) the judicial branch.
            (7) Effective date.--This subsection shall apply 
        with respect to fiscal year 2016 and each succeeding 
        fiscal year.

SEC. 1414. REPEAT OFFENDER CRITERIA.

    Section 164(a) of title 23, United States Code, is 
amended--
            (1) by redesignating paragraphs (1) through (4) as 
        paragraphs (2) through (5), respectively;
            (2) by inserting before paragraph (2), as 
        redesignated, the following:
            ``(1) 24-7 sobriety program.--The term `24-7 
        sobriety program' has the meaning given the term in 
        section 405(d)(7)(A).'';
            (3) in paragraph (5), as redesignated--
                    (A) in the matter preceding subparagraph 
                (A), by inserting ``or combination of laws or 
                programs'' after ``State law'';
                    (B) by amending subparagraph (A) to read as 
                follows:
                    ``(A) receive, for a period of not less 
                than 1 year--
                            ``(i) a suspension of all driving 
                        privileges;
                            ``(ii) a restriction on driving 
                        privileges that limits the individual 
                        to operating only motor vehicles with 
                        an ignition interlock device installed, 
                        unless a special exception applies;
                            ``(iii) a restriction on driving 
                        privileges that limits the individual 
                        to operating motor vehicles only if 
                        participating in, and complying with, a 
                        24-7 sobriety program; or
                            ``(iv) any combination of clauses 
                        (i) through (iii);'';
                    (C) by striking subparagraph (B);
                    (D) by redesignating subparagraphs (C) and 
                (D) as subparagraphs (B) and (C), respectively; 
                and
                    (E) in subparagraph (C), as redesignated--
                            (i) in clause (i)(II) by inserting 
                        before the semicolon the following: 
                        ``(unless the State certifies that the 
                        general practice is that such an 
                        individual will be incarcerated)''; and
                            (ii) in clause (ii)(II) by 
                        inserting before the period at the end 
                        the following: ``(unless the State 
                        certifies that the general practice is 
                        that such an individual will receive 10 
                        days of incarceration)''; and
            (4) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(6) Special exception.--The term `special 
        exception' means an exception under a State alcohol-
        ignition interlock law for the following circumstances:
                    ``(A) The individual is required to operate 
                an employer's motor vehicle in the course and 
                scope of employment and the business entity 
                that owns the vehicle is not owned or 
                controlled by the individual.
                    ``(B) The individual is certified by a 
                medical doctor as being unable to provide a 
                deep lung breath sample for analysis by an 
                ignition interlock device.''.

SEC. 1415. ADMINISTRATIVE PROVISIONS TO ENCOURAGE POLLINATOR HABITAT 
                    AND FORAGE ON TRANSPORTATION RIGHTS-OF-WAY.

    (a) In General.--Section 319 of title 23, United States 
Code, is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a) by inserting ``(including the 
        enhancement of habitat and forage for pollinators)'' 
        before ``adjacent''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following:
    ``(c) Encouragement of Pollinator Habitat and Forage 
Development and Protection on Transportation Rights-of-way.--In 
carrying out any program administered by the Secretary under 
this title, the Secretary shall, in conjunction with willing 
States, as appropriate--
            ``(1) encourage integrated vegetation management 
        practices on roadsides and other transportation rights-
        of-way, including reduced mowing; and
            ``(2) encourage the development of habitat and 
        forage for Monarch butterflies, other native 
        pollinators, and honey bees through plantings of native 
        forbs and grasses, including noninvasive, native 
        milkweed species that can serve as migratory way 
        stations for butterflies and facilitate migrations of 
        other pollinators.''.
    (b) Provision of Habitat, Forage, and Migratory Way 
Stations for Monarch Butterflies, Other Native Pollinators, and 
Honey Bees.--Section 329(a)(1) of title 23, United States Code, 
is amended by inserting ``provision of habitat, forage, and 
migratory way stations for Monarch butterflies, other native 
pollinators, and honey bees,'' before ``and aesthetic 
enhancement''.

SEC. 1416. HIGH PRIORITY CORRIDORS ON NATIONAL HIGHWAY SYSTEM.

    (a) Identification of High Priority Corridors on National 
Highway System.--Section 1105(c) of the Intermodal Surface 
Transportation Efficiency Act of 1991 (105 Stat. 2032; 112 
Stat. 190; 119 Stat. 1213) is amended--
            (1) by striking paragraph (13) and inserting the 
        following:
            ``(13) Raleigh-Norfolk Corridor from Raleigh, North 
        Carolina, through Rocky Mount, Williamston, and 
        Elizabeth City, North Carolina, to Norfolk, 
        Virginia.'';
            (2) in paragraph (18)(D)--
                    (A) in clause (ii) by striking ``and'' at 
                the end;
                    (B) in clause (iii) by striking the period 
                at the end and inserting ``; and''; and
                    (C) by adding at the end the following:
                            ``(iv) include Texas State Highway 
                        44 from United States Route 59 at 
                        Freer, Texas, to Texas State Highway 
                        358.'';
            (3) by striking paragraph (68) and inserting the 
        following:
            ``(68) The Washoe County Corridor and the 
        Intermountain West Corridor, which shall generally 
        follow--
                    ``(A) for the Washoe County Corridor, along 
                Interstate Route 580/United States Route 95/
                United States Route 95A from Reno, Nevada, to 
                Las Vegas, Nevada; and
                    ``(B) for the Intermountain West Corridor, 
                from the vicinity of Las Vegas, Nevada, north 
                along United States Route 95 terminating at 
                Interstate Route 80.''; and
            (4) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(81) United States Route 117/Interstate Route 795 
        from United States Route 70 in Goldsboro, Wayne County, 
        North Carolina, to Interstate Route 40 west of Faison, 
        Sampson County, North Carolina.
            ``(82) United States Route 70 from its intersection 
        with Interstate Route 40 in Garner, Wake County, North 
        Carolina, to the Port at Morehead City, Carteret 
        County, North Carolina.
            ``(83) The Sonoran Corridor along State Route 410 
        connecting Interstate Route 19 and Interstate Route 10 
        south of the Tucson International Airport.
            ``(84) The Central Texas Corridor commencing at the 
        logical terminus of Interstate Route 10, generally 
        following portions of United States Route 190 eastward, 
        passing in the vicinity Fort Hood, Killeen, Belton, 
        Temple, Bryan, College Station, Huntsville, Livingston, 
        and Woodville, to the logical terminus of Texas Highway 
        63 at the Sabine River Bridge at Burrs Crossing.
            ``(85) Interstate Route 81 in New York from its 
        intersection with Interstate Route 86 to the United 
        States-Canadian border.
            ``(86) Interstate Route 70 from Denver, Colorado, 
        to Salt Lake City, Utah.
            ``(87) The Oregon 99W Newberg-Dundee Bypass Route 
        between Newberg, Oregon, and Dayton, Oregon.
            ``(88) Interstate Route 205 in Oregon from its 
        intersection with Interstate Route 5 to the Columbia 
        River.''.
    (b) Inclusion of Certain Route Segments on Interstate 
System.--Section 1105(e)(5)(A) of the Intermodal Surface 
Transportation Efficiency Act of 1991 (109 Stat. 597; 118 Stat. 
293; 119 Stat. 1213) is amended in the first sentence--
            (1) by inserting ``subsection (c)(13),'' after 
        ``subsection (c)(9),'';
            (2) by striking ``subsections (c)(18)'' and all 
        that follows through ``subsection (c)(36)'' and 
        inserting ``subsection (c)(18), subsection (c)(20), 
        subparagraphs (A) and (B)(i) of subsection (c)(26), 
        subsection (c)(36)''; and
            (3) by striking ``and subsection (c)(57)'' and 
        inserting ``subsection (c)(57), subsection (c)(68)(B), 
        subsection (c)(81), subsection (c)(82), and subsection 
        (c)(83)''.
    (c) Designation.--Section 1105(e)(5)(C)(i) of the 
Intermodal Surface Transportation Efficiency Act of 1991 (109 
Stat. 598; 126 Stat. 427) is amended by striking the final 
sentence and inserting the following: ``The routes referred to 
in subparagraphs (A) and (B)(i) of subsection (c)(26) and in 
subsection (c)(68)(B) are designated as Interstate Route I-11. 
The route referred to in subsection (c)(84) is designated as 
Interstate Route I-14.''.
    (d) Future Interstate Designation.--Section 119(a) of the 
SAFETEA-LU Technical Corrections Act of 2008 (122 Stat. 1608) 
is amended by striking ``and, as a future Interstate Route 66 
Spur, the Natcher Parkway in Owensboro, Kentucky'' and 
inserting ``between Henderson, Kentucky, and Owensboro, 
Kentucky, and, as a future Interstate Route 65 and 66 Spur, the 
William H. Natcher Parkway between Bowling Green, Kentucky, and 
Owensboro, Kentucky''.

SEC. 1417. WORK ZONE AND GUARD RAIL SAFETY TRAINING.

    (a) In General.--Section 1409 of SAFETEA-LU (23 U.S.C. 401 
note) is amended--
            (1) by striking the section heading and inserting 
        ``work zone and guard rail safety training''; and
            (2) in subsection (b) by adding at the end the 
        following:
            ``(4) Development, updating, and delivery of 
        training courses on guard rail installation, 
        maintenance, and inspection.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of contents in section 
1(b) of such Act is amended by striking the item relating to 
section 1409 and inserting the following:

``Sec. 1409. Work zone and guard rail safety training.''.

SEC. 1418. CONSOLIDATION OF PROGRAMS.

    Section 1519(a) of MAP-21 (126 Stat. 574) is amended by 
striking ``From administrative funds'' and all that follows 
through ``shall be made available'' and inserting ``For each of 
fiscal years 2016 through 2020, before making an apportionment 
under section 104(b)(3) of title 23, United States Code, the 
Secretary shall set aside, from amounts made available to carry 
out the highway safety improvement program under section 148 of 
such title for the fiscal year, $3,500,000''.

SEC. 1419. ELIMINATION OR MODIFICATION OF CERTAIN REPORTING 
                    REQUIREMENTS.

    (a) Fundamental Properties of Asphalts Report.--Section 
6016(e) of the Intermodal Surface Transportation Efficiency Act 
of 1991 (105 Stat. 2183) is repealed.
    (b) Express Lanes Demonstration Program Reports.--Section 
1604(b)(7)(B) of SAFETEA-LU (23 U.S.C. 129 note) is repealed.

SEC. 1420. FLEXIBILITY FOR PROJECTS.

    (a) Authority.--With respect to projects eligible for 
funding under title 23, United States Code, subject to 
subsection (b) and on request by a State, the Secretary may--
            (1) exercise all existing flexibilities under and 
        exceptions to--
                    (A) the requirements of title 23, United 
                States Code; and
                    (B) other requirements administered by the 
                Secretary, in whole or part; and
            (2) otherwise provide additional flexibility or 
        expedited processing with respect to the requirements 
        described in paragraph (1).
    (b) Maintaining Protections.--Nothing in this section--
            (1) waives the requirements of section 113 or 138 
        of title 23, United States Code;
            (2) supersedes, amends, or modifies--
                    (A) the National Environmental Policy Act 
                of 1969 (42 U.S.C. 4321 et seq.) or any other 
                Federal environmental law; or
                    (B) any requirement of title 23 or title 
                49, United States Code; or
            (3) affects the responsibility of any Federal 
        officer to comply with or enforce any law or 
        requirement described in this subsection.

SEC. 1421. PRODUCTIVE AND TIMELY EXPENDITURE OF FUNDS.

    (a) In General.--Not later than 1 year after the date of 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall develop guidance 
that encourages the use of programmatic approaches to project 
delivery, expedited and prudent procurement techniques, and 
other best practices to facilitate productive, effective, and 
timely expenditure of funds for projects eligible for funding 
under title 23, United States Code.
    (b) Implementation.--The Secretary shall work with States 
to ensure that any guidance developed under subsection (a) is 
consistently implemented by States and the Federal Highway 
Administration to--
            (1) avoid unnecessary delays in completing 
        projects;
            (2) minimize cost overruns; and
            (3) ensure the effective use of Federal funding.

SEC. 1422. STUDY ON PERFORMANCE OF BRIDGES.

    (a) In General.--Subject to subsection (c), the 
Administrator of the Federal Highway Administration (referred 
to in this section as the ``Administrator'') shall commission 
the Transportation Research Board of the National Academy of 
Sciences to conduct a study on the performance of bridges that 
received funding under the innovative bridge research and 
construction program (referred to in this section as the 
``program'') under section 503(b) of title 23, United States 
Code (as in effect on the day before the date of enactment of 
SAFETEA-LU (Public Law 109-59; 119 Stat. 1144)) in meeting the 
goals of that program, which included--
            (1) the development of new, cost-effective 
        innovative material highway bridge applications;
            (2) the reduction of maintenance costs and 
        lifecycle costs of bridges, including the costs of new 
        construction, replacement, or rehabilitation of 
        deficient bridges;
            (3) the development of construction techniques to 
        increase safety and reduce construction time and 
        traffic congestion;
            (4) the development of engineering design criteria 
        for innovative products and materials for use in 
        highway bridges and structures;
            (5) the development of cost-effective and 
        innovative techniques to separate vehicle and 
        pedestrian traffic from railroad traffic;
            (6) the development of highway bridges and 
        structures that will withstand natural disasters, 
        including alternative processes for the seismic 
        retrofit of bridges; and
            (7) the development of new nondestructive bridge 
        evaluation technologies and techniques.
    (b) Contents.--The study commissioned under subsection (a) 
shall include--
            (1) an analysis of the performance of bridges that 
        received funding under the program in meeting the goals 
        described in paragraphs (1) through (7) of subsection 
        (a);
            (2) an analysis of the utility, compared to 
        conventional materials and technologies, of each of the 
        innovative materials and technologies used in projects 
        for bridges under the program in meeting the needs of 
        the United States in 2015 and in the future for a 
        sustainable and low lifecycle cost transportation 
        system;
            (3) recommendations to Congress on how the 
        installed and lifecycle costs of bridges could be 
        reduced through the use of innovative materials and 
        technologies, including, as appropriate, any changes in 
        the design and construction of bridges needed to 
        maximize the cost reductions; and
            (4) a summary of any additional research that may 
        be needed to further evaluate innovative approaches to 
        reducing the installed and lifecycle costs of highway 
        bridges.
    (c) Public Comment.--Before commissioning the study under 
subsection (a), the Administrator shall provide an opportunity 
for public comment on the study proposal.
    (d) Data From States.--Each State that received funds under 
the program shall provide to the Transportation Research Board 
any relevant data needed to carry out the study commissioned 
under subsection (a).
    (e) Deadline.--The Administrator shall submit to Congress 
the study commissioned under subsection (a) not later than 3 
years after the date of enactment of this Act.

SEC. 1423. RELINQUISHMENT OF PARK-AND-RIDE LOT FACILITIES.

    A State transportation agency may relinquish park-and-ride 
lot facilities or portions of park-and-ride lot facilities to a 
local government agency for highway purposes if authorized to 
do so under State law if the agreement providing for the 
relinquishment provides that--
            (1) rights-of-way on the Interstate System will 
        remain available for future highway improvements; and
            (2) modifications to the facilities that could 
        impair the highway or interfere with the free and safe 
        flow of traffic are subject to the approval of the 
        Secretary.

SEC. 1424. PILOT PROGRAM.

    (a) In General.--The Administrator of the Federal Highway 
Administration (referred to in this section as the 
``Administrator'') may establish a pilot program that allows a 
State to utilize innovative approaches to maintain the right-
of-way of Federal-aid highways within the State.
    (b) Limitation.--A pilot program established under 
subsection (a) shall--
            (1) terminate after not more than 4 years;
            (2) include not more than 5 States; and
            (3) be subject to guidelines published by the 
        Administrator.
    (c) Report.--If the Administrator establishes a pilot 
program under subsection (a), the Administrator shall, not more 
than 1 year after the completion of the pilot program, submit 
to the Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure of the 
House of Representatives and the Committee on Environment and 
Public Works of the Senate a report on the results of the pilot 
program.
    (d) Savings Provision.--Nothing in this section may be 
construed to affect the requirements of section 111 of title 
23, United States Code.

SEC. 1425. SERVICE CLUB, CHARITABLE ASSOCIATION, OR RELIGIOUS SERVICE 
                    SIGNS.

    Notwithstanding section 131 of title 23, United States 
Code, and part 750 of title 23, Code of Federal Regulations (or 
successor regulations), if a State notifies the Federal Highway 
Administration, the State may allow the maintenance of a sign 
of a service club, charitable association, or religious service 
organization--
            (1) that exists on the date of enactment of this 
        Act (or was removed in the 3-year period ending on such 
        date of enactment); and
            (2) the area of which is less than or equal to 32 
        square feet.

SEC. 1426. MOTORCYCLIST ADVISORY COUNCIL.

    The Secretary, acting through the Administrator of the 
Federal Highway Administration, shall appoint a Motorcyclist 
Advisory Council to coordinate with and advise the 
Administrator on infrastructure issues of concern to 
motorcyclists, including--
            (1) barrier design;
            (2) road design, construction, and maintenance 
        practices; and
            (3) the architecture and implementation of 
        intelligent transportation system technologies.

SEC. 1427. HIGHWAY WORK ZONES.

    It is the sense of Congress that the Federal Highway 
Administration should--
            (1) do all within its power to protect workers in 
        highway work zones; and
            (2) move rapidly to finalize regulations, as 
        directed in section 1405 of MAP-21 (126 Stat. 560), to 
        protect the lives and safety of construction workers in 
        highway work zones from vehicle intrusions.

SEC. 1428. USE OF DURABLE, RESILIENT, AND SUSTAINABLE MATERIALS AND 
                    PRACTICES.

    To the extent practicable, the Secretary shall encourage 
the use of durable, resilient, and sustainable materials and 
practices, including the use of geosynthetic materials and 
other innovative technologies, in carrying out the activities 
of the Federal Highway Administration.

SEC. 1429. IDENTIFICATION OF ROADSIDE HIGHWAY SAFETY HARDWARE DEVICES.

    (a) Study.--The Secretary shall conduct a study on methods 
for identifying roadside highway safety hardware devices to 
improve the data collected on the devices, as necessary for in-
service evaluation of the devices.
    (b) Contents.--In conducting the study under subsection 
(a), the Secretary shall evaluate identification methods based 
on the ability of the method--
            (1) to convey information on the devices, including 
        manufacturing date, factory of origin, product brand, 
        and model;
            (2) to withstand roadside conditions; and
            (3) to connect to State and regional inventories of 
        similar devices.
    (c) Identification Methods.--The identification methods to 
be studied under this section include stamped serial numbers, 
radio-frequency identification, and such other methods as the 
Secretary determines appropriate.
    (d) Report to Congress.--Not later than January 1, 2018, 
the Secretary shall submit to Congress a report on the results 
of the study under subsection (a).

SEC. 1430. USE OF MODELING AND SIMULATION TECHNOLOGY.

    It is the sense of Congress that the Department should 
utilize, to the fullest and most economically feasible extent 
practicable, modeling and simulation technology to analyze 
highway and public transportation projects authorized by this 
Act to ensure that these projects--
            (1) will increase transportation capacity and 
        safety, alleviate congestion, and reduce travel time 
        and environmental impacts; and
            (2) are as cost effective as practicable.

SEC. 1431. NATIONAL ADVISORY COMMITTEE ON TRAVEL AND TOURISM 
                    INFRASTRUCTURE.

    (a) Findings.--Congress finds that--
            (1) 1 out of every 9 jobs in the United States 
        depends on travel and tourism, and the industry 
        supports 15,000,000 jobs in the United States;
            (2) the travel and tourism industry employs 
        individuals in all 50 States, the District of Columbia, 
        and all of the territories of the United States;
            (3) international travel to the United States is 
        the single largest export industry in the United 
        States, generating a trade surplus balance of 
        approximately $74,000,000,000;
            (4) travel and tourism provide significant economic 
        benefits to the United States by generating nearly 
        $2,100,000,000,000 in annual economic output; and
            (5) the United States intermodal transportation 
        network facilitates the large-scale movement of 
        business and leisure travelers, and is the most 
        important asset of the travel industry.
    (b) Establishment.--Not later than 180 days after the date 
of enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall establish an 
advisory committee to be known as the National Advisory 
Committee on Travel and Tourism Infrastructure (referred to in 
this section as the ``Committee'') to provide information, 
advice, and recommendations to the Secretary on matters 
relating to the role of intermodal transportation in 
facilitating mobility related to travel and tourism activities.
    (c) Membership.--The Committee shall--
            (1) be composed of members appointed by the 
        Secretary for terms of not more than 3 years; and
            (2) include a representative cross-section of 
        public and private sector stakeholders involved in the 
        travel and tourism industry, including representatives 
        of--
                    (A) the travel and tourism industry, 
                product and service providers, and travel and 
                tourism-related associations;
                    (B) travel, tourism, and destination 
                marketing organizations;
                    (C) the travel and tourism-related 
                workforce;
                    (D) State tourism offices;
                    (E) State departments of transportation;
                    (F) regional and metropolitan planning 
                organizations; and
                    (G) local governments.
    (d) Role of Committee.--The Committee shall--
            (1) advise the Secretary on current and emerging 
        priorities, issues, projects, and funding needs related 
        to the use of the intermodal transportation network of 
        the United States to facilitate travel and tourism;
            (2) serve as a forum for discussion for travel and 
        tourism stakeholders on transportation issues affecting 
        interstate and interregional mobility of passengers;
            (3) promote the sharing of information between the 
        private and public sectors on transportation issues 
        impacting travel and tourism;
            (4) gather information, develop technical advice, 
        and make recommendations to the Secretary on policies 
        that improve the condition and performance of an 
        integrated national transportation system that--
                    (A) is safe, economical, and efficient; and
                    (B) maximizes the benefits to the United 
                States generated through the travel and tourism 
                industry;
            (5) identify critical transportation facilities and 
        corridors that facilitate and support the interstate 
        and interregional transportation of passengers for 
        tourism, commercial, and recreational activities;
            (6) provide for development of measures of 
        condition, safety, and performance for transportation 
        related to travel and tourism;
            (7) provide for development of transportation 
        investment, data, and planning tools to assist Federal, 
        State, and local officials in making investment 
        decisions relating to transportation projects that 
        improve travel and tourism; and
            (8) address other issues of transportation policy 
        and programs impacting the movement of travelers for 
        tourism and recreational purposes, including by making 
        legislative recommendations.
    (e) National Travel and Tourism Infrastructure Strategic 
Plan.--Not later than 3 years after the date of enactment of 
this Act, the Secretary, in consultation with the Committee, 
State departments of transportation, and other appropriate 
public and private transportation stakeholders, shall develop 
and post on the public Internet website of the Department a 
national travel and tourism infrastructure strategic plan that 
includes--
            (1) an assessment of the condition and performance 
        of the national transportation network;
            (2) an identification of the issues on the national 
        transportation network that create significant 
        congestion problems and barriers to long-haul passenger 
        travel and tourism,
            (3) forecasts of long-haul passenger travel and 
        tourism volumes for the 20-year period beginning in the 
        year during which the plan is issued;
            (4) an identification of the major transportation 
        facilities and corridors for current and forecasted 
        long-haul travel and tourism volumes, the 
        identification of which shall be revised, as 
        appropriate, in subsequent plans;
            (5) an assessment of statutory, regulatory, 
        technological, institutional, financial, and other 
        barriers to improved long-haul passenger travel 
        performance (including opportunities for overcoming the 
        barriers);
            (6) best practices for improving the performance of 
        the national transportation network; and
            (7) strategies to improve intermodal connectivity 
        for long-haul passenger travel and tourism.

SEC. 1432. EMERGENCY EXEMPTIONS.

    (a) In General.--Any road, highway, railway, bridge, or 
transit facility that is damaged by an emergency that is 
declared by the Governor of the State, with the concurrence of 
the Secretary of Homeland Security, or declared as an emergency 
by the President pursuant to the Robert T. Stafford Disaster 
Relief and Emergency Assistance Act (42 U.S.C. 5121 et seq.), 
and that is in operation or under construction on the date on 
which the emergency occurs may be reconstructed in the same 
location with the same capacity, dimensions, and design as 
before the emergency subject to the exemptions and expedited 
procedures under subsection (b).
    (b) Exemptions and Expedited Procedures.--
            (1) Alternative arrangements.--Alternative 
        arrangements for an emergency under section 1506.11 of 
        title 40, Code of Federal Regulations (as in effect on 
        the date of enactment of this Act) shall apply to 
        reconstruction under subsection (a), and the 
        reconstruction shall be considered necessary to control 
        the immediate impacts of the emergency.
            (2) Stormwater discharge permits.--A general permit 
        for stormwater discharges from construction activities, 
        if available, issued by the Administrator of the 
        Environmental Protection Agency or the director of a 
        State program under section 402(p) of the Federal Water 
        Pollution Control Act (33 U.S.C. 1342(p)), as 
        applicable, shall apply to reconstruction under 
        subsection (a), on submission of a notice of intent to 
        be subject to the permit.
            (3) Emergency procedures.--The emergency procedures 
        for issuing permits in accordance with section 
        325.2(e)(4) of title 33, Code of Federal Regulations 
        (as in effect on the date of enactment of this Act) 
        shall apply to reconstruction under subsection (a), and 
        the reconstruction shall be considered an emergency 
        under that regulation.
            (4) National historic preservation act exemption.--
        Reconstruction under subsection (a) is eligible for an 
        exemption from the requirements of the National 
        Historic Preservation Act of 1966 pursuant to part 78 
        of title 36, Code of Federal Regulations (as in effect 
        on the date of enactment of this Act).
            (5) Endangered species act exemption.--An exemption 
        from the requirements of the Endangered Species Act of 
        1973 (16 U.S.C. 1531 et seq.) pursuant to section 7(p) 
        of that Act (16 U.S.C. 1536(p)) shall apply to 
        reconstruction under subsection (a) and, if the 
        President makes the determination required under 
        section 7(p) of that Act, the determinations required 
        under subsections (g) and (h) of that section shall be 
        deemed to be made.
            (6) Expedited consultation under endangered species 
        act.--Expedited consultation pursuant to section 402.05 
        of title 50, Code of Federal Regulations (as in effect 
        on the date of enactment of this Act) shall apply to 
        reconstruction under subsection (a).
            (7) Other exemptions.--Any reconstruction that is 
        exempt under paragraph (5) shall also be exempt from 
        requirements under--
                    (A) the Migratory Bird Treaty Act (16 
                U.S.C. 703 et seq.);
                    (B) the Wild and Scenic Rivers Act (16 
                U.S.C. 1271 et seq.); and
                    (C) the Fish and Wildlife Coordination Act 
                (16 U.S.C. 661 et seq.).

SEC. 1433. REPORT ON HIGHWAY TRUST FUND ADMINISTRATIVE EXPENDITURES.

    (a) Initial Report.--Not later than 150 days after the date 
of enactment of this Act, the Comptroller General of the United 
States shall submit to Congress a report describing the 
administrative expenses of the Federal Highway Administration 
funded from the Highway Trust Fund during the 3 most recent 
fiscal years.
    (b) Updates.--Not later than 5 years after the date on 
which the report is submitted under subsection (a) and every 5 
years thereafter, the Comptroller General shall submit to 
Congress a report that updates the information provided in the 
report under that subsection for the preceding 5-year period.
    (c) Inclusions.--Each report submitted under subsection (a) 
or (b) shall include a description of--
            (1) the types of administrative expenses of 
        programs and offices funded by the Highway Trust Fund;
            (2) the tracking and monitoring of administrative 
        expenses;
            (3) the controls in place to ensure that funding 
        for administrative expenses is used as efficiently as 
        practicable; and
            (4) the flexibility of the Department to reallocate 
        amounts from the Highway Trust Fund between full-time 
        equivalent employees and other functions.

SEC. 1434. AVAILABILITY OF REPORTS.

    (a) In General.--The Secretary shall make available to the 
public on the website of the Department any report required to 
be submitted by the Secretary to Congress after the date of 
enactment of this Act.
    (b) Deadline.--Each report described in subsection (a) 
shall be made available on the website not later than 30 days 
after the report is submitted to Congress.

SEC. 1435. APPALACHIAN DEVELOPMENT HIGHWAY SYSTEM.

    Section 1528 of MAP-21 (40 U.S.C. 14501 note; Public Law 
112-141) is amended--
            (1) by striking ``2021'' each place it appears and 
        inserting ``2050''; and
            (2) by striking ``shall be 100 percent'' each place 
        it appears and inserting ``shall be up to 100 percent, 
        as determined by the State''.

SEC. 1436. APPALACHIAN REGIONAL DEVELOPMENT PROGRAM.

    (a) High-speed Broadband Development Initiative.--
            (1) In general.--Subchapter I of chapter 145 of 
        subtitle IV of title 40, United States Code, is amended 
        by adding at the end the following:

``Sec. 14509. High-speed broadband deployment initiative

    ``(a) In General.--The Appalachian Regional Commission may 
provide technical assistance, make grants, enter into 
contracts, or otherwise provide amounts to individuals or 
entities in the Appalachian region for projects and 
activities--
            ``(1) to increase affordable access to broadband 
        networks throughout the Appalachian region;
            ``(2) to conduct research, analysis, and training 
        to increase broadband adoption efforts in the 
        Appalachian region;
            ``(3) to provide technology assets, including 
        computers, smartboards, and video projectors to 
        educational systems throughout the Appalachian region;
            ``(4) to increase distance learning opportunities 
        throughout the Appalachian region;
            ``(5) to increase the use of telehealth 
        technologies in the Appalachian region; and
            ``(6) to promote e-commerce applications in the 
        Appalachian region.
    ``(b) Limitation on Available Amounts.--Of the cost of any 
activity eligible for a grant under this section--
            ``(1) not more than 50 percent may be provided from 
        amounts appropriated to carry out this section; and
            ``(2) notwithstanding paragraph (1)--
                    ``(A) in the case of a project to be 
                carried out in a county for which a distressed 
                county designation is in effect under section 
                14526, not more than 80 percent may be provided 
                from amounts appropriated to carry out this 
                section; and
                    ``(B) in the case of a project to be 
                carried out in a county for which an at-risk 
                designation is in effect under section 14526, 
                not more than 70 percent may be provided from 
                amounts appropriated to carry out this section.
    ``(c) Sources of Assistance.--Subject to subsection (b), a 
grant provided under this section may be provided from amounts 
made available to carry out this section in combination with 
amounts made available--
            ``(1) under any other Federal program; or
            ``(2) from any other source.
    ``(d) Federal Share.--Notwithstanding any provision of law 
limiting the Federal share under any other Federal program, 
amounts made available to carry out this section may be used to 
increase that Federal share, as the Appalachian Regional 
Commission determines to be appropriate.''.
            (2) Conforming amendment.--The analysis for chapter 
        145 of title 40, United States Code, is amended by 
        inserting after the item relating to section 14508 the 
        following:

``14509. High-speed broadband deployment initiative.''.
    (b) Authorization of Appropriations.--Section 14703 of 
title 40, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)(5), by striking ``fiscal year 
        2012'' and inserting ``each of fiscal years 2012 
        through 2020'';
            (2) by redesignating subsections (c) and (d) as 
        subsections (d) and (e), respectively; and
            (3) by inserting after subsection (b) the 
        following:
    ``(c) High-speed Broadband Deployment Initiative.--Of the 
amounts made available under subsection (a), $10,000,000 may be 
used to carry out section 14509 for each of fiscal years 2016 
through 2020.''.
    (c) Termination.--Section 14704 of title 40, United States 
Code, is amended by striking ``2012'' and inserting ``2020''.
    (d) Effective Date.--This section and the amendments made 
by this section take effect on October 1, 2015.

SEC. 1437. BORDER STATE INFRASTRUCTURE.

    (a) In General.--After consultation with relevant 
transportation planning organizations, the Governor of a State 
that shares a land border with Canada or Mexico may designate 
for each fiscal year not more than 5 percent of the funds made 
available to the State under section 133(d)(1)(B) of title 23, 
United States Code, for border infrastructure projects eligible 
under section 1303 of SAFETEA-LU (23 U.S.C. 101 note; 119 Stat. 
1207).
    (b) Use of Funds.--Funds designated under this section 
shall be available under the requirements of section 1303 of 
SAFETEA-LU (23 U.S.C. 101 note; 119 Stat. 1207).
    (c) Certification.--Before making a designation under 
subsection (a), the Governor shall certify that the designation 
is consistent with transportation planning requirements under 
title 23, United States Code.
    (d) Notification.--Not later than 30 days after making a 
designation under subsection (a), the Governor shall submit to 
the relevant transportation planning organizations within the 
border region a written notification of any suballocated or 
distributed amount of funds available for obligation by 
jurisdiction.
    (e) Limitation.--This section applies only to funds 
apportioned to a State after the date of enactment of this Act.
    (f) Deadline for Designation.--A designation under 
subsection (a) shall--
            (1) be submitted to the Secretary not later than 30 
        days before the first day of the fiscal year for which 
        the designation is being made; and
            (2) remain in effect for the funds designated under 
        subsection (a) for a fiscal year until the Governor of 
        the State notifies the Secretary of the termination of 
        the designation.
    (g) Unobligated Funds After Termination.--Effective 
beginning on the date of a termination under subsection (f)(2), 
all remaining unobligated funds that were designated under 
subsection (a) for the fiscal year for which the designation is 
being terminated shall be made available to the State for the 
purposes described in section 133(d)(1)(B) of title 23, United 
States Code.

SEC. 1438. ADJUSTMENTS.

    (a) In General.--On July 1, 2020, of the unobligated 
balances of funds apportioned among the States under chapter 1 
of title 23, United States Code, a total of $7,569,000,000 is 
permanently rescinded.
    (b) Exclusions From Rescission.--The rescission under 
subsection (a) shall not apply to funds distributed in 
accordance with--
            (1) sections 104(b)(3) and 130(f) of title 23, 
        United States Code;
            (2) section 133(d)(1)(A) of such title;
            (3) the first sentence of section 133(d)(3)(A) of 
        such title, as in effect on the day before the date of 
        enactment of MAP-21 (Public Law 112-141);
            (4) sections 133(d)(1) and 163 of such title, as in 
        effect on the day before the date of enactment of 
        SAFETEA-LU (Public Law 109-59); and
            (5) section 104(b)(5) of such title, as in effect 
        on the day before the date of enactment of MAP-21 
        (Public Law 112-141).
    (c) Distribution Among States.--The amount to be rescinded 
under this section from a State shall be determined by 
multiplying the total amount of the rescission in subsection 
(a) by the ratio that--
            (1) the unobligated balances subject to the 
        rescission as of September 30, 2019, for the State; 
        bears to
            (2) the unobligated balances subject to the 
        rescission as of September 30, 2019, for all States.
    (d) Distribution Within Each State.--The amount to be 
rescinded under this section from each program to which the 
rescission applies within a State shall be determined by 
multiplying the required rescission amount calculated under 
subsection (c) for such State by the ratio that--
            (1) the unobligated balance as of September 30, 
        2019, for such program in such State; bears to
            (2) the unobligated balances as of September 30, 
        2019, for all programs to which the rescission applies 
        in such State.

SEC. 1439. ELIMINATION OF BARRIERS TO IMPROVE AT-RISK BRIDGES.

    (a) Temporary Authorization.--
            (1) In general.--Until the Secretary of the 
        Interior takes the action described in subsection (b), 
        the take of nesting swallows to facilitate a 
        construction project on a bridge eligible for funding 
        under title 23, United States Code, with any component 
        condition rating of 3 or less (as defined by the 
        National Bridge Inventory General Condition Guidance 
        issued by the Federal Highway Administration) is 
        authorized under the Migratory Bird Treaty Act (16 
        U.S.C. 703 et seq.) between April 1 and August 31.
            (2) Measures to minimize impacts.--
                    (A) Notification before taking.--Prior to 
                the taking of nesting swallows authorized under 
                paragraph (1), any person taking that action 
                shall submit to the Secretary of the Interior a 
                document that contains--
                            (i) the name of the person acting 
                        under the authority of paragraph (1) to 
                        take nesting swallows;
                            (ii) a list of practicable measures 
                        that will be undertaken to minimize or 
                        mitigate significant adverse impacts on 
                        the population of that species;
                            (iii) the time period during which 
                        activities will be carried out that 
                        will result in the taking of that 
                        species; and
                            (iv) an estimate of the number of 
                        birds, by species, to be taken in the 
                        proposed action.
                    (B) Notification after taking.--Not later 
                than 60 days after the taking of nesting 
                swallows authorized under paragraph (1), any 
                person taking that action shall submit to the 
                Secretary of the Interior a document that 
                contains the number of birds, by species, taken 
                in the action.
    (b) Authorization of Take.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary of the Interior, in 
        consultation with the Secretary, shall promulgate a 
        regulation under the authority of section 3 of the 
        Migratory Bird Treaty Act (16 U.S.C. 704) authorizing 
        the take of nesting swallows to facilitate bridge 
        repair, maintenance, or construction--
                    (A) without individual permit requirements; 
                and
                    (B) under terms and conditions determined 
                to be consistent with treaties relating to 
                migratory birds that protect swallow species 
                occurring in the United States.
            (2) Termination.--On the effective date of a final 
        rule under this subsection by the Secretary of the 
        Interior, subsection (a) shall have no force or effect.
    (c) Suspension or Withdrawal of Take Authorization.--If the 
Secretary of the Interior, in consultation with the Secretary, 
determines that taking of nesting swallows carried out under 
the authority provided in subsection (a)(1) is having a 
significant adverse impact on swallow populations, the 
Secretary of the Interior may suspend that authority through 
publication in the Federal Register.

SEC. 1440. AT-RISK PROJECT PREAGREEMENT AUTHORITY.

    (a) Definition of Preliminary Engineering.--In this 
section, the term ``preliminary engineering'' means allowable 
preconstruction project development and engineering costs.
    (b) At-risk Project Preagreement Authority.--A recipient or 
subrecipient of Federal-aid funds under title 23, United States 
Code, may--
            (1) incur preliminary engineering costs for an 
        eligible project under title 23, United States Code, 
        before receiving project authorization from the State, 
        in the case of a subrecipient, and the Secretary to 
        proceed with the project; and
            (2) request reimbursement of applicable Federal 
        funds after the project authorization is received.
    (c) Eligibility.--The Secretary may reimburse preliminary 
engineering costs incurred by a recipient or subrecipient under 
subsection (b)--
            (1) if the costs meet all applicable requirements 
        under title 23, United States Code, at the time the 
        costs are incurred and the Secretary concurs that the 
        requirements have been met;
            (2) in the case of a project located within a 
        designated nonattainment or maintenance area for air 
        quality, if the conformity requirements of the Clean 
        Air Act (42 U.S.C. 7401 et seq.) have been met; and
            (3) if the costs would have been allowable if 
        incurred after the date of the project authorization by 
        the Department.
    (d) At-risk.--A recipient or subrecipient that elects to 
use the authority provided under this section shall--
            (1) assume all risk for preliminary engineering 
        costs incurred prior to project authorization; and
            (2) be responsible for ensuring and demonstrating 
        to the Secretary that all applicable cost eligibility 
        conditions are met after the authorization is received.
    (e) Restrictions.--Nothing in this section--
            (1) allows a recipient or subrecipient to use the 
        authority under this section to advance a project 
        beyond preliminary engineering prior to the completion 
        of the environmental review process;
            (2) waives the applicability of Federal 
        requirements to a project other than the reimbursement 
        of preliminary engineering costs incurred prior to an 
        authorization to proceed in accordance with this 
        section; or
            (3) guarantees Federal funding of the project or 
        the eligibility of the project for future Federal-aid 
        highway funding.

SEC. 1441. REGIONAL INFRASTRUCTURE ACCELERATOR DEMONSTRATION PROGRAM.

    (a) In General.--The Secretary shall establish a regional 
infrastructure demonstration program (referred to in this 
section as the ``program'') to assist entities in developing 
improved infrastructure priorities and financing strategies for 
the accelerated development of a project that is eligible for 
funding under the TIFIA program under chapter 6 of title 23, 
United States Code.
    (b) Designation of Regional Infrastructure Accelerators.--
In carrying out the program, the Secretary may designate 
regional infrastructure accelerators that will--
            (1) serve a defined geographic area; and
            (2) act as a resource in the geographic area to 
        qualified entities in accordance with this section.
    (c) Application.--To be eligible for a designation under 
subsection (b), a proposed regional infrastructure accelerator 
shall submit to the Secretary a proposal at such time, in such 
manner, and containing such information as the Secretary may 
require.
    (d) Criteria.--In evaluating a proposal submitted under 
subsection (c), the Secretary shall consider--
            (1) the need for geographic diversity among 
        regional infrastructure accelerators; and
            (2) the ability of the proposal to promote 
        investment in covered infrastructure projects, which 
        shall include a plan--
                    (A) to evaluate and promote innovative 
                financing methods for local projects, including 
                the use of the TIFIA program under chapter 6 of 
                title 23, United States Code;
                    (B) to build capacity of State, local, and 
                tribal governments to evaluate and structure 
                projects involving the investment of private 
                capital;
                    (C) to provide technical assistance and 
                information on best practices with respect to 
                financing the projects;
                    (D) to increase transparency with respect 
                to infrastructure project analysis and using 
                innovative financing for public infrastructure 
                projects;
                    (E) to deploy predevelopment capital 
                programs designed to facilitate the creation of 
                a pipeline of infrastructure projects available 
                for investment;
                    (F) to bundle smaller-scale and rural 
                projects into larger proposals that may be more 
                attractive for investment; and
                    (G) to reduce transaction costs for public 
                project sponsors.
    (e) Annual Report.--Not less frequently than once each 
year, the Secretary shall submit to Congress a report that 
describes the findings and effectiveness of the program.
    (f) Authorization of Appropriations.--There is authorized 
to be appropriated to carry out the program $12,000,000, of 
which the Secretary shall use--
            (1) $11,750,000 for initial grants to regional 
        infrastructure accelerators under subsection (b); and
            (2) $250,000 for administrative costs of carrying 
        out the program.

SEC. 1442. SAFETY FOR USERS.

    (a) In General.--The Secretary shall encourage each State 
and metropolitan planning organization to adopt standards for 
the design of Federal surface transportation projects that 
provide for the safe and adequate accommodation (as determined 
by the State) of all users of the surface transportation 
network, including motorized and nonmotorized users, in all 
phases of project planning, development, and operation.
    (b) Report.--Not later than 2 years after the date of 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall make available to 
the public a report cataloging examples of State law or State 
transportation policy that provide for the safe and adequate 
accommodation of all users of the surface transportation 
network, in all phases of project planning, development, and 
operation.
    (c) Best Practices.--Based on the report under subsection 
(b), the Secretary shall identify and disseminate examples of 
best practices where States have adopted measures that have 
successfully provided for the safe and adequate accommodation 
of all users of the surface transportation network in all 
phases of project planning, development, and operation.

SEC. 1443. SENSE OF CONGRESS.

    It is the sense of Congress that the engineering industry 
of the United States continues to provide critical technical 
expertise, innovation, and local knowledge to Federal and State 
agencies in order to efficiently deliver surface transportation 
projects to the public, and Congress recognizes the valuable 
contributions made by the engineering industry of the United 
States and urges the Secretary to reinforce those partnerships 
by encouraging State and local agencies to take full advantage 
of engineering industry capabilities to strengthen project 
performance, improve domestic competitiveness, and create jobs.

SEC. 1444. EVERY DAY COUNTS INITIATIVE.

    (a) In General.--It is in the national interest for the 
Department, State departments of transportation, and all other 
recipients of Federal transportation funds--
            (1) to identify, accelerate, and deploy innovation 
        aimed at shortening project delivery, enhancing the 
        safety of the roadways of the United States, and 
        protecting the environment;
            (2) to ensure that the planning, design, 
        engineering, construction, and financing of 
        transportation projects is done in an efficient and 
        effective manner;
            (3) to promote the rapid deployment of proven 
        solutions that provide greater accountability for 
        public investments and encourage greater private sector 
        involvement; and
            (4) to create a culture of innovation within the 
        highway community.
    (b) Every Day Counts Initiative.--To advance the policy 
described in subsection (a), the Administrator of the Federal 
Highway Administration shall continue the Every Day Counts 
initiative to work with States, local transportation agencies, 
and industry stakeholders to identify and deploy proven 
innovative practices and products that--
            (1) accelerate innovation deployment;
            (2) shorten the project delivery process;
            (3) improve environmental sustainability;
            (4) enhance roadway safety; and
            (5) reduce congestion.
    (c) Innovation Deployment.--
            (1) In general.--At least every 2 years, the 
        Administrator shall work collaboratively with 
        stakeholders to identify a new collection of 
        innovations, best practices, and data to be deployed to 
        highway stakeholders through case studies, webinars, 
        and demonstration projects.
            (2) Requirements.--In identifying a collection 
        described in paragraph (1), the Secretary shall take 
        into account market readiness, impacts, benefits, and 
        ease of adoption of the innovation or practice.
    (d) Publication.--Each collection identified under 
subsection (c) shall be published by the Administrator on a 
publicly available Web site.

SEC. 1445. WATER INFRASTRUCTURE FINANCE AND INNOVATION.

    Section 5028(a) of the Water Resources Reform and 
Development Act of 2014 (33 U.S.C. 3907(a)) is amended--
            (1) by striking paragraph (5); and
            (2) by redesignating paragraphs (6) and (7) as 
        paragraphs (5) and (6), respectively.

SEC. 1446. TECHNICAL CORRECTIONS.

    (a) Title 23.--Title 23, United States Code, is amended as 
follows:
            (1) Section 119(d)(1)(A) is amended by striking 
        ``mobility,'' and inserting ``congestion reduction, 
        system reliability,''.
            (2) Section 126(b)(1) is amended by striking 
        ``133(d)'' and inserting ``133(d)(1)(A)''.
            (3) Section 127(a)(3) is amended by striking 
        ``118(b)(2) of this title'' and inserting ``118(b)''.
            (4) Section 150(b)(5) is amended by striking 
        ``national freight network'' and inserting ``National 
        Highway Freight Network''.
            (5) Section 150(c)(3)(B) is amended by striking the 
        semicolon at the end and inserting a period.
            (6) Section 150(e)(4) is amended by striking 
        ``National Freight Strategic Plan'' and inserting 
        ``national freight strategic plan''.
            (7) Section 153(h)(2) is amended by striking 
        ``paragraphs (1) through (3)'' and inserting 
        ``paragraphs (1), (2), and (4)''.
            (8) Section 154(c) is amended--
                    (A) in paragraph (1) by striking 
                ``paragraphs (1), (3), and (4)'' and inserting 
                ``paragraphs (1), (2), and (4)'';
                    (B) in paragraph (3)(A) by striking 
                ``transferred'' and inserting ``reserved''; and
                    (C) in paragraph (5)--
                            (i) in the matter preceding 
                        subparagraph (A) by inserting ``or 
                        released'' after ``transferred''; and
                            (ii) in subparagraph (A) by 
                        striking ``under section 104(b)(l)'' 
                        and inserting ``under section 
                        104(b)(1)''.
            (9) Section 163(f)(2) is amended by striking 
        ``118(b)(2)'' and inserting ``118(b)''.
            (10) Section 164(b) is amended--
                    (A) in paragraph (3)(A) by striking 
                ``transferred'' and inserting ``reserved''; and
                    (B) in paragraph (5) by inserting ``or 
                released'' after ``transferred''.
            (11) Section 165(c)(7) is amended by striking 
        ``paragraphs (2), (4), (7), (8), (14), and (19) of 
        section 133(b)'' and inserting ``paragraphs (1) through 
        (4) of section 133(c) and section 133(b)(12)''.
            (12) Section 202(b)(3) is amended--
                    (A) in subparagraph (A)(i), in the matter 
                preceding subclause (I), by inserting 
                ``(a)(6),'' after ``subsections''; and
                    (B) in subparagraph (C)(ii)(IV), by 
                striking ``(III).]'' and inserting ``(III).''.
            (13) Section 217(a) is amended by striking 
        ``104(b)(3)'' and inserting ``104(b)(4)''.
            (14) Section 515 is amended by striking ``this 
        chapter'' each place it appears and inserting 
        ``sections 512 through 518''.
    (b) Title 49.--Section 6302(b)(3)(B)(vi)(III) of title 49, 
United States Code, is amended by striking ``6310'' and 
inserting ``6309''.
    (c) SAFETEA-LU.--Section 4407 of SAFETEA-LU (Public Law 
109-59; 119 Stat. 1777) is amended by striking ``hereby enacted 
into law'' and inserting ``granted''.
    (d) MAP-21.--Effective as of July 6, 2012, and as if 
included therein as enacted, MAP-21 (Public Law 112-141) is 
amended as follows:
            (1) Section 1109(a)(2) (126 Stat. 444) is amended 
        by striking ``fourth'' and inserting ``fifth''.
            (2) Section 1203 (126 Stat. 524) is amended--
                    (A) in subsection (a) by striking ``Section 
                150 of title 23, United States Code, is amended 
                to read as follows'' and inserting ``Title 23, 
                United States Code, is amended by inserting 
                after section 149 the following''; and
                    (B) in subsection (b) by striking ``by 
                striking the item relating to section 150 and 
                inserting'' and inserting ``by inserting after 
                the item relating to section 149''.
            (3) Section 1313(a)(1) (126 Stat. 545) is amended 
        to read as follows:
            ``(1) in the section heading by striking `pilot'; 
        and''.
            (4) Section 1314(b) (126 Stat. 549) is amended--
                    (A) by inserting ``chapter 3 of'' after 
                ``analysis for''; and
                    (B) by inserting a period at the end of the 
                matter proposed to be inserted.
            (5) Section 1519(c) (126 Stat. 575) is amended--
                    (A) by striking paragraph (3);
                    (B) by redesignating paragraphs (4) through 
                (12) as paragraphs (3) through (11), 
                respectively;
                    (C) in paragraph (7), as redesignated by 
                subparagraph (B)--
                            (i) by striking the period at the 
                        end of the matter proposed to be 
                        struck; and
                            (ii) by adding a period at the end; 
                        and
                    (D) in paragraph (8)(A)(i)(I), as 
                redesignated by subparagraph (B), by striking 
                ``than rail'' in the matter proposed to be 
                struck and inserting ``than on rail''.
    (e) Transportation Research and Innovative Technology Act 
of 2012.--Section 51001(a)(1) of the Transportation Research 
and Innovative Technology Act of 2012 (126 Stat. 864) is 
amended by striking ``sections 503(b), 503(d), and 509'' and 
inserting ``section 503(b)''.

                  TITLE II--INNOVATIVE PROJECT FINANCE

SEC. 2001. TRANSPORTATION INFRASTRUCTURE FINANCE AND INNOVATION ACT OF 
                    1998 AMENDMENTS.

    (a) Definitions.--Section 601(a) of title 23, United States 
Code, is amended--
            (1) in the matter preceding paragraph (1)--
                    (A) by striking ``In this chapter, the'' 
                and inserting ``The''; and
                    (B) by inserting ``to sections 601 through 
                609'' after ``apply'';
            (2) in paragraph (2)--
                    (A) in subparagraph (B) by striking ``and'' 
                at the end;
                    (B) in subparagraph (C) by striking the 
                period at the end and inserting ``; and''; and
                    (C) by adding at the end the following:
                    ``(D) capitalizing a rural projects 
                fund.'';
            (3) in paragraph (3) by striking ``this chapter'' 
        and inserting ``the TIFIA program'';
            (4) in paragraph (10)--
                    (A) by striking ``(10) Master credit 
                agreement.--'' and all that follows before 
                subparagraph (A) and inserting the following:
            ``(10) Master credit agreement.--The term `master 
        credit agreement' means a conditional agreement to 
        extend credit assistance for a program of related 
        projects secured by a common security pledge covered 
        under section 602(b)(2)(A) or for a single project 
        covered under section 602(b)(2)(B) that does not 
        provide for a current obligation of Federal funds, and 
        that would--'';
                    (B) in subparagraph (A) by striking 
                ``subject to the availability of future funds 
                being made available to carry out this 
                chapter;'' and inserting ``subject to--
                            ``(i) the availability of future 
                        funds being made available to carry out 
                        the TIFIA program; and
                            ``(ii) the satisfaction of all of 
                        the conditions for the provision of 
                        credit assistance under the TIFIA 
                        program, including section 
                        603(b)(1);''; and
                    (C) in subparagraph (D)--
                            (i) by redesignating clauses (ii) 
                        and (iii) as clauses (iii) and (iv), 
                        respectively;
                            (ii) by inserting after clause (i) 
                        the following:
                            ``(ii) receiving an investment 
                        grade rating from a rating agency;'';
                            (iii) in clause (iii) (as so 
                        redesignated) by striking ``in section 
                        602(c)'' and inserting ``under the 
                        TIFIA program, including sections 
                        602(c) and 603(b)(1)''; and
                            (iv) in clause (iv) (as so 
                        redesignated) by striking ``this 
                        chapter'' and inserting ``the TIFIA 
                        program'';
            (5) in paragraph (12)--
                    (A) in subparagraph (C) by striking ``and'' 
                at the end;
                    (B) in subparagraph (D)(iv) by striking the 
                period at the end and inserting a semicolon; 
                and
                    (C) by adding at the end the following:
                    ``(E) a project to improve or construct 
                public infrastructure that is located within 
                walking distance of, and accessible to, a fixed 
                guideway transit facility, passenger rail 
                station, intercity bus station, or intermodal 
                facility, including a transportation, public 
                utility, or capital project described in 
                section 5302(3)(G)(v) of title 49, and related 
                infrastructure; and
                    ``(F) the capitalization of a rural 
                projects fund.'';
            (6) in paragraph (15) by striking ``means'' and all 
        that follows through the period at the end and 
        inserting ``means a surface transportation 
        infrastructure project located in an area that is 
        outside of an urbanized area with a population greater 
        than 150,000 individuals, as determined by the Bureau 
        of the Census.'';
            (7) by redesignating paragraphs (16), (17), (18), 
        (19), and (20) as paragraphs (17), (18), (20), (21), 
        and (22), respectively;
            (8) by inserting after paragraph (15) the 
        following:
            ``(16) Rural projects fund.--The term `rural 
        projects fund' means a fund--
                    ``(A) established by a State infrastructure 
                bank in accordance with section 610(d)(4);
                    ``(B) capitalized with the proceeds of a 
                secured loan made to the bank in accordance 
                with sections 602 and 603; and
                    ``(C) for the purpose of making loans to 
                sponsors of rural infrastructure projects in 
                accordance with section 610.'';
            (9) by inserting after paragraph (18) (as so 
        redesignated) the following:
            ``(19) State infrastructure bank.--The term `State 
        infrastructure bank' means an infrastructure bank 
        established under section 610.''; and
            (10) in paragraph (22) (as so redesignated), by 
        inserting ``established under sections 602 through 
        609'' after ``Department''.
    (b) Determination of Eligibility and Project Selection.--
Section 602 of title 23, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1) in the matter 
                preceding subparagraph (A), by striking ``this 
                chapter'' and inserting ``the TIFIA program'';
                    (B) in paragraph (2)(A) by striking ``this 
                chapter'' and inserting ``the TIFIA program'';
                    (C) in paragraph (3) by striking ``this 
                chapter'' and inserting ``the TIFIA program'';
                    (D) in paragraph (5)--
                            (i) by striking the paragraph 
                        heading and inserting ``Eligible 
                        project cost parameters.--'';
                            (ii) in subparagraph (A)--
                                    (I) in the matter preceding 
                                clause (i), by striking 
                                ``subparagraph (B), to be 
                                eligible for assistance under 
                                this chapter, a project'' and 
                                inserting ``subparagraph (B), a 
                                project under the TIFIA 
                                program'';
                                    (II) by striking clause (i) 
                                and inserting the following:
                            ``(i) $50,000,000; and''; and
                                    (III) in clause (ii) by 
                                striking ``assistance''; and
                            (iii) in subparagraph (B)--
                                    (I) by striking the 
                                subparagraph designation and 
                                heading and all that follows 
                                through ``In the case'' and 
                                inserting the following:
                    ``(B) Exceptions.--
                            ``(i) Intelligent transportation 
                        systems.--In the case''; and
                                    (II) by adding at the end 
                                the following:
                            ``(ii) Transit-oriented development 
                        projects.--In the case of a project 
                        described in section 601(a)(12)(E), 
                        eligible project costs shall be 
                        reasonably anticipated to equal or 
                        exceed $10,000,000.
                            ``(iii) Rural projects.--In the 
                        case of a rural infrastructure project 
                        or a project capitalizing a rural 
                        projects fund, eligible project costs 
                        shall be reasonably anticipated to 
                        equal or exceed $10,000,000, but not to 
                        exceed $100,000,000.
                            ``(iv) Local infrastructure 
                        projects.--Eligible project costs shall 
                        be reasonably anticipated to equal or 
                        exceed $10,000,000 in the case of a 
                        project or program of projects--
                                    ``(I) in which the 
                                applicant is a local 
                                government, public authority, 
                                or instrumentality of local 
                                government;
                                    ``(II) located on a 
                                facility owned by a local 
                                government; or
                                    ``(III) for which the 
                                Secretary determines that a 
                                local government is 
                                substantially involved in the 
                                development of the project.'';
                    (E) in paragraph (9), in the matter 
                preceding subparagraph (A), by striking ``this 
                chapter'' and inserting ``the TIFIA program''; 
                and
                    (F) in paragraph (10)--
                            (i) by striking ``To be eligible'' 
                        and inserting the following:
                    ``(A) In general.--Except as provided in 
                subparagraph (B), to be eligible'';
                            (ii) by striking ``this chapter'' 
                        each place it appears and inserting 
                        ``the TIFIA program'';
                            (iii) by striking ``not later 
                        than'' and inserting ``no later than''; 
                        and
                            (iv) by adding at the end the 
                        following:
                    ``(B) Rural projects fund.--In the case of 
                a project capitalizing a rural projects fund, 
                the State infrastructure bank shall 
                demonstrate, not later than 2 years after the 
                date on which a secured loan is obligated for 
                the project under the TIFIA program, that the 
                bank has executed a loan agreement with a 
                borrower for a rural infrastructure project in 
                accordance with section 610. After the 
                demonstration is made, the bank may draw upon 
                the secured loan. At the end of the 2-year 
                period, to the extent the bank has not used the 
                loan commitment, the Secretary may extend the 
                term of the loan or withdraw the loan 
                commitment.'';
            (2) in subsection (b) by striking paragraph (2) and 
        inserting the following:
            ``(2) Master credit agreements.--
                    ``(A) Program of related projects.--The 
                Secretary may enter into a master credit 
                agreement for a program of related projects 
                secured by a common security pledge on terms 
                acceptable to the Secretary.
                    ``(B) Adequate funding not available.--If 
                the Secretary fully obligates funding to 
                eligible projects for a fiscal year and 
                adequate funding is not available to fund a 
                credit instrument, a project sponsor of an 
                eligible project may elect to enter into a 
                master credit agreement and wait to execute a 
                credit instrument until the fiscal year for 
                which additional funds are available to receive 
                credit assistance.'';
            (3) in subsection (c)(1), in the matter preceding 
        subparagraph (A), by striking ``this chapter'' and 
        inserting ``the TIFIA program''; and
            (4) in subsection (e) by striking ``this chapter'' 
        and inserting ``the TIFIA program''.
    (c) Secured Loan Terms and Limitations.--Section 603 of 
title 23, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a) by striking paragraph (2) and 
        inserting the following:
            ``(2) Limitation on refinancing of interim 
        construction financing.--A loan under paragraph (1) 
        shall not refinance interim construction financing 
        under paragraph (1)(B)--
                    ``(A) if the maturity of such interim 
                construction financing is later than 1 year 
                after the substantial completion of the 
                project; and
                    ``(B) later than 1 year after the date of 
                substantial completion of the project.'';
            (2) in subsection (b)--
                    (A) in paragraph (2)--
                            (i) by striking ``The amount of'' 
                        and inserting the following:
                    ``(A) In general.--Except as provided in 
                subparagraph (B), the amount of''; and
                            (ii) by adding at the end the 
                        following:
                    ``(B) Rural projects fund.--In the case of 
                a project capitalizing a rural projects fund, 
                the maximum amount of a secured loan made to a 
                State infrastructure bank shall be determined 
                in accordance with section 
                602(a)(5)(B)(iii).'';
                    (B) in paragraph (3)(A)(i)--
                            (i) in subclause (III) by striking 
                        ``or'' at the end;
                            (ii) in subclause (IV) by striking 
                        ``and'' at the end and inserting 
                        ``or''; and
                            (iii) by adding at the end the 
                        following:
                                    ``(V) in the case of a 
                                secured loan for a project 
                                capitalizing a rural projects 
                                fund, any other dedicated 
                                revenue sources available to a 
                                State infrastructure bank, 
                                including repayments from loans 
                                made by the bank for rural 
                                infrastructure projects; and'';
                    (C) in paragraph (4)(B)--
                            (i) in clause (i) by striking 
                        ``under this chapter'' and inserting 
                        ``or a rural projects fund under the 
                        TIFIA program''; and
                            (ii) in clause (ii) by inserting 
                        ``and rural project funds'' after 
                        ``rural infrastructure projects'';
                    (D) in paragraph (5)--
                            (i) by redesignating subparagraphs 
                        (A) and (B) as clauses (i) and (ii), 
                        respectively, and indenting 
                        appropriately;
                            (ii) in the matter preceding clause 
                        (i) (as so redesignated) by striking 
                        ``The final'' and inserting the 
                        following:
                    ``(A) In general.--Except as provided in 
                subparagraph (B), the final''; and
                            (iii) by adding at the end the 
                        following:
                    ``(B) Rural projects fund.--In the case of 
                a project capitalizing a rural projects fund, 
                the final maturity date of the secured loan 
                shall not exceed 35 years after the date on 
                which the secured loan is obligated.'';
                    (E) in paragraph (8) by striking ``this 
                chapter'' and inserting ``the TIFIA program''; 
                and
                    (F) in paragraph (9)--
                            (i) by striking ``The total Federal 
                        assistance provided on a project 
                        receiving a loan under this chapter'' 
                        and inserting the following:
                    ``(A) In general.--The total Federal 
                assistance provided for a project receiving a 
                loan under the TIFIA program''; and
                            (ii) by adding at the end the 
                        following:
                    ``(B) Rural projects fund.--A project 
                capitalizing a rural projects fund shall 
                satisfy subparagraph (A) through compliance 
                with the Federal share requirement described in 
                section 610(e)(3)(B).''; and
            (3) by adding at the end the following:
    ``(f) Streamlined Application Process.--
            ``(1) In general.--Not later than 180 days after 
        the date of enactment of the FAST Act, the Secretary 
        shall make available an expedited application process 
        or processes available at the request of entities 
        seeking secured loans under the TIFIA program that use 
        a set or sets of conventional terms established 
        pursuant to this section.
            ``(2) Terms.--In establishing the streamlined 
        application process required by this subsection, the 
        Secretary may include terms commonly included in prior 
        credit agreements and allow for an expedited 
        application period, including--
                    ``(A) the secured loan is in an amount of 
                not greater than $100,000,000;
                    ``(B) the secured loan is secured and 
                payable from pledged revenues not affected by 
                project performance, such as a tax-backed 
                revenue pledge, tax increment financing, or a 
                system-backed pledge of project revenues; and
                    ``(C) repayment of the loan commences not 
                later than 5 years after disbursement.''.
    (d) Program Administration.--Section 605 of title 23, 
United States Code, is amended--
            (1) by striking ``this chapter'' each place it 
        appears and inserting ``the TIFIA program''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following:
    ``(f) Assistance to Small Projects.--
            ``(1) Reservation of funds.--Of the funds made 
        available to carry out the TIFIA program for each 
        fiscal year, and after the set aside under section 
        608(a)(5), not less than $2,000,000 shall be made 
        available for the Secretary to use in lieu of fees 
        collected under subsection (b) for projects under the 
        TIFIA program having eligible project costs that are 
        reasonably anticipated not to equal or exceed 
        $75,000,000.
            ``(2) Release of funds.--Any funds not used under 
        paragraph (1) in a fiscal year shall be made available 
        on October 1 of the following fiscal year to provide 
        credit assistance to any project under the TIFIA 
        program.''.
    (e) State and Local Permits.--Section 606 of title 23, 
United States Code, is amended in the matter preceding 
paragraph (1) by striking ``this chapter'' and inserting ``the 
TIFIA program''.
    (f) Regulations.--Section 607 of title 23, United States 
Code, is amended by striking ``this chapter'' and inserting 
``the TIFIA program''.
    (g) Funding.--Section 608 of title 23, United States Code, 
is amended--
            (1) by striking ``this chapter'' each place it 
        appears and inserting ``the TIFIA program''; and
            (2) in subsection (a)--
                    (A) in paragraph (2) by inserting ``of'' 
                after ``504(f)'';
                    (B) in paragraph (3)--
                            (i) in subparagraph (A), by 
                        inserting ``or rural projects funds'' 
                        after ``rural infrastructure 
                        projects''; and
                            (ii) in subparagraph (B), by 
                        inserting ``or rural projects funds'' 
                        after ``rural infrastructure 
                        projects'';
                    (C) by striking paragraphs (4) and (6) and 
                redesignating paragraph (5) as paragraph (4); 
                and
                    (D) by inserting at the end the following:
            ``(5) Administrative costs.--Of the amounts made 
        available to carry out the TIFIA program, the Secretary 
        may use not more than $6,875,000 for fiscal year 2016, 
        $7,081,000 for fiscal year 2017, $7,559,000 for fiscal 
        year 2018, $8,195,000 for fiscal year 2019, and 
        $8,441,000 for fiscal year 2020 for the administration 
        of the TIFIA program.''.
    (h) Reports to Congress.--Section 609 of title 23, United 
States Code, is amended by striking ``this chapter (other than 
section 610)'' each place it appears and inserting ``the TIFIA 
program''.
    (i) State Infrastructure Bank Program.--Section 610 of 
title 23, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a) by adding at the end the 
        following:
            ``(11) Rural infrastructure project.--The term 
        `rural infrastructure project' has the meaning given 
        the term in section 601.
            ``(12) Rural projects fund.--The term `rural 
        projects fund' has the meaning given the term in 
        section 601.'';
            (2) in subsection (d)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1)(A) by striking ``each 
                of fiscal years'' and all that follows through 
                the end of subparagraph (A) and inserting 
                ``each of fiscal years 2016 through 2020 under 
                each of paragraphs (1), (2), and (5) of section 
                104(b); and'';
                    (B) in paragraph (2) by striking ``fiscal 
                years 2005 through 2009'' and inserting 
                ``fiscal years 2016 through 2020'';
                    (C) in paragraph (3) by striking ``fiscal 
                years 2005 through 2009'' and inserting 
                ``fiscal years 2016 through 2020'';
                    (D) by redesignating paragraphs (4) through 
                (6) as paragraphs (5) through (7), 
                respectively;
                    (E) by inserting after paragraph (3) the 
                following:
            ``(4) Rural projects fund.--Subject to subsection 
        (j), the Secretary may permit a State entering into a 
        cooperative agreement under this section to establish a 
        State infrastructure bank to deposit into the rural 
        projects fund of the bank the proceeds of a secured 
        loan made to the bank in accordance with sections 602 
        and 603.''; and
                    (F) in paragraph (6) (as so redesignated) 
                by striking ``section 133(d)(3)'' and inserting 
                ``section 133(d)(1)(A)(i)'';
            (3) by striking subsection (e) and inserting the 
        following:
    ``(e) Forms of Assistance From State Infrastructure 
Banks.--
            ``(1) In general.--A State infrastructure bank 
        established under this section may--
                    ``(A) with funds deposited into the highway 
                account, transit account, or rail account of 
                the bank, make loans or provide other forms of 
                credit assistance to a public or private entity 
                to carry out a project eligible for assistance 
                under this section; and
                    ``(B) with funds deposited into the rural 
                projects fund, make loans to a public or 
                private entity to carry out a rural 
                infrastructure project.
            ``(2) Subordination of loan.--The amount of a loan 
        or other form of credit assistance provided for a 
        project described in paragraph (1) may be subordinated 
        to any other debt financing for the project.
            ``(3) Maximum amount of assistance.--A State 
        infrastructure bank established under this section 
        may--
                    ``(A) with funds deposited into the highway 
                account, transit account, or rail account of 
                the bank, make loans or provide other forms of 
                credit assistance to a public or private entity 
                in an amount up to 100 percent of the cost of 
                carrying out a project eligible for assistance 
                under this section; and
                    ``(B) with funds deposited into the rural 
                projects fund, make loans to a public or 
                private entity in an amount not to exceed 80 
                percent of the cost of carrying out a rural 
                infrastructure project.
            ``(4) Initial assistance.--Initial assistance 
        provided with respect to a project from Federal funds 
        deposited into a State infrastructure bank under this 
        section may not be made in the form of a grant.'';
            (4) in subsection (g)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1) by striking ``each 
                account'' and inserting ``the highway account, 
                the transit account, and the rail account''; 
                and
                    (B) in paragraph (4) by inserting ``, 
                except that any loan funded from the rural 
                projects fund of the bank shall bear interest 
                at or below the interest rate charged for the 
                TIFIA loan provided to the bank under section 
                603'' after ``feasible''; and
            (5) in subsection (k) by striking ``fiscal years 
        2005 through 2009'' and inserting ``fiscal years 2016 
        through 2020''.

SEC. 2002. AVAILABILITY PAYMENT CONCESSION MODEL.

    (a) Payment to States for Construction.--Section 121(a) of 
title 23, United States Code, is amended by inserting 
``(including payments made pursuant to a long-term concession 
agreement, such as availability payments)'' after ``a 
project''.
    (b) Project Approval and Oversight.--Section 106(b)(1) of 
title 23, United States Code, is amended by inserting 
``(including payments made pursuant to a long-term concession 
agreement, such as availability payments)'' after 
``construction of the project''.

                    TITLE III--PUBLIC TRANSPORTATION

SEC. 3001. SHORT TITLE.

    This title may be cited as the ``Federal Public 
Transportation Act of 2015''.

SEC. 3002. DEFINITIONS.

    Section 5302 of title 49, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1)--
                    (A) in subparagraph (C) by inserting 
                ``functional'' before ``landscaping and''; and
                    (B) in subparagraph (E) by striking 
                ``bicycle storage facilities and installing 
                equipment'' and inserting ``bicycle storage 
                shelters and parking facilities and the 
                installation of equipment'';
            (2) in paragraph (3)--
                    (A) by striking subparagraph (F) and 
                inserting the following:
                    ``(F) leasing equipment or a facility for 
                use in public transportation;'';
                    (B) in subparagraph (G)--
                            (i) in clause (iv) by adding 
                        ``and'' at the end;
                            (ii) in clause (v) by striking 
                        ``and'' at the end; and
                            (iii) by striking clause (vi);
                    (C) by striking subparagraph (I) and 
                inserting the following:
                    ``(I) the provision of nonfixed route 
                paratransit transportation services in 
                accordance with section 223 of the Americans 
                with Disabilities Act of 1990 (42 U.S.C. 
                12143), but only for grant recipients that are 
                in compliance with applicable requirements of 
                that Act, including both fixed route and demand 
                responsive service, and only for amounts--
                            ``(i) not to exceed 10 percent of 
                        such recipient's annual formula 
                        apportionment under sections 5307 and 
                        5311; or
                            ``(ii) not to exceed 20 percent of 
                        such recipient's annual formula 
                        apportionment under sections 5307 and 
                        5311, if, consistent with guidance 
                        issued by the Secretary, the recipient 
                        demonstrates that the recipient meets 
                        at least 2 of the following 
                        requirements:
                                    ``(I) Provides an active 
                                fixed route travel training 
                                program that is available for 
                                riders with disabilities.
                                    ``(II) Provides that all 
                                fixed route and paratransit 
                                operators participate in a 
                                passenger safety, disability 
                                awareness, and sensitivity 
                                training class on at least a 
                                biennial basis.
                                    ``(III) Has memoranda of 
                                understanding in place with 
                                employers and the American Job 
                                Center to increase access to 
                                employment opportunities for 
                                people with disabilities.'';
                    (D) in subparagraph (K) by striking ``or'' 
                at the end;
                    (E) in subparagraph (L) by striking the 
                period at the end and inserting a semicolon; 
                and
                    (F) by adding at the end the following:
                    ``(M) associated transit improvements; or
                    ``(N) technological changes or innovations 
                to modify low or no emission vehicles (as 
                defined in section 5339(c)) or facilities.''; 
                and
            (3) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(24) Value capture.--The term `value capture' 
        means recovering the increased property value to 
        property located near public transportation resulting 
        from investments in public transportation.''.

SEC. 3003. METROPOLITAN AND STATEWIDE TRANSPORTATION PLANNING.

    (a) In General.--Section 5303 of title 49, United States 
Code, is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)(1) by inserting ``resilient'' 
        after ``development of'';
            (2) in subsection (c)(2) by striking ``and bicycle 
        transportation facilities'' and inserting ``, bicycle 
        transportation facilities, and intermodal facilities 
        that support intercity transportation, including 
        intercity buses and intercity bus facilities and 
        commuter vanpool providers'';
            (3) in subsection (d)--
                    (A) by redesignating paragraphs (3) through 
                (6) as paragraphs (4) through (7), 
                respectively;
                    (B) by inserting after paragraph (2) the 
                following:
            ``(3) Representation.--
                    ``(A) In general.--Designation or selection 
                of officials or representatives under paragraph 
                (2) shall be determined by the metropolitan 
                planning organization according to the bylaws 
                or enabling statute of the organization.
                    ``(B) Public transportation 
                representative.--Subject to the bylaws or 
                enabling statute of the metropolitan planning 
                organization, a representative of a provider of 
                public transportation may also serve as a 
                representative of a local municipality.
                    ``(C) Powers of certain officials.--An 
                official described in paragraph (2)(B) shall 
                have responsibilities, actions, duties, voting 
                rights, and any other authority commensurate 
                with other officials described in paragraph 
                (2).''; and
                    (C) in paragraph (5), as so redesignated, 
                by striking ``paragraph (5)'' and inserting 
                ``paragraph (6)'';
            (4) in subsection (e)(4)(B) by striking 
        ``subsection (d)(5)'' and inserting ``subsection 
        (d)(6)'';
            (5) in subsection (g)(3)(A) by inserting ``tourism, 
        natural disaster risk reduction,'' after ``economic 
        development,'';
            (6) in subsection (h)(1)--
                    (A) in subparagraph (G) by striking ``and'' 
                at the end;
                    (B) in subparagraph (H) by striking the 
                period at the end and inserting ``; and''; and
                    (C) by adding at the end the following:
                    ``(I) improve the resiliency and 
                reliability of the transportation system.'';
            (7) in subsection (i)--
                    (A) in paragraph (2)--
                            (i) in subparagraph (A)(i) by 
                        striking ``transit'' and inserting 
                        ``public transportation facilities, 
                        intercity bus facilities'';
                            (ii) in subparagraph (G)--
                                    (I) by striking ``and 
                                provide'' and inserting ``, 
                                provide''; and
                                    (II) by inserting before 
                                the period at the end the 
                                following: ``, and reduce the 
                                vulnerability of the existing 
                                transportation infrastructure 
                                to natural disasters''; and
                            (iii) in subparagraph (H) by 
                        inserting before the period at the end 
                        the following: ``, including 
                        consideration of the role that 
                        intercity buses may play in reducing 
                        congestion, pollution, and energy 
                        consumption in a cost-effective manner 
                        and strategies and investments that 
                        preserve and enhance intercity bus 
                        systems, including systems that are 
                        privately owned and operated'';
                    (B) in paragraph (6)(A)--
                            (i) by inserting ``public ports,'' 
                        before ``freight shippers,''; and
                            (ii) by inserting ``(including 
                        intercity bus operators, employer-based 
                        commuting programs, such as a carpool 
                        program, vanpool program, transit 
                        benefit program, parking cash-out 
                        program, shuttle program, or telework 
                        program)'' after ``private providers of 
                        transportation''; and
                    (C) in paragraph (8) by striking 
                ``paragraph (2)(C)'' each place it appears and 
                inserting ``paragraph (2)(E)'';
            (8) in subsection (k)(3)--
                    (A) in subparagraph (A) by inserting 
                ``(including intercity bus operators, employer-
                based commuting programs, such as a carpool 
                program, vanpool program, transit benefit 
                program, parking cash-out program, shuttle 
                program, or telework program), job access 
                projects,'' after ``reduction''; and
                    (B) by adding at the end the following:
                    ``(C) Congestion management plan.--A 
                metropolitan planning organization serving a 
                transportation management area may develop a 
                plan that includes projects and strategies that 
                will be considered in the TIP of such 
                metropolitan planning organization. Such plan 
                shall--
                            ``(i) develop regional goals to 
                        reduce vehicle miles traveled during 
                        peak commuting hours and improve 
                        transportation connections between 
                        areas with high job concentration and 
                        areas with high concentrations of low-
                        income households;
                            ``(ii) identify existing public 
                        transportation services, employer-based 
                        commuter programs, and other existing 
                        transportation services that support 
                        access to jobs in the region; and
                            ``(iii) identify proposed projects 
                        and programs to reduce congestion and 
                        increase job access opportunities.
                    ``(D) Participation.--In developing the 
                plan under subparagraph (C), a metropolitan 
                planning organization shall consult with 
                employers, private and non-profit providers of 
                public transportation, transportation 
                management organizations, and organizations 
                that provide job access reverse commute 
                projects or job-related services to low-income 
                individuals.'';
            (9) in subsection (l)--
                    (A) by adding a period at the end of 
                paragraph (1); and
                    (B) in paragraph (2)(D) by striking ``of 
                less than 200,000'' and inserting ``with a 
                population of 200,000 or less'';
            (10) in subsection (p) by striking ``Funds set 
        aside under section 104(f)'' and inserting ``Funds 
        apportioned under section 104(b)(5)''; and
            (11) by adding at the end the following:
    ``(r) Bi-State Metropolitan Planning Organization.--
            ``(1) Definition of bi-state mpo region.--In this 
        subsection, the term `Bi-State Metropolitan Planning 
        Organization' has the meaning given the term `region' 
        in subsection (a) of Article II of the Lake Tahoe 
        Regional Planning Compact (Public Law 96-551; 94 Stat. 
        3234).
            ``(2) Treatment.--For the purpose of this title, 
        the Bi-State Metropolitan Planning Organization shall 
        be treated as--
                    ``(A) a metropolitan planning organization;
                    ``(B) a transportation management area 
                under subsection (k); and
                    ``(C) an urbanized area, which is comprised 
                of a population of 145,000 in the State of 
                California and a population of 65,000 in the 
                State of Nevada.''.
    (b) Statewide and Nonmetropolitan Transportation 
Planning.--Section 5304 of title 49, United States Code, is 
amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)(2) by striking ``and bicycle 
        transportation facilities'' and inserting ``, bicycle 
        transportation facilities, and intermodal facilities 
        that support intercity transportation, including 
        intercity buses and intercity bus facilities and 
        commuter vanpool providers'';
            (2) in subsection (d)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1)--
                            (i) in subparagraph (G) by striking 
                        ``and'' at the end;
                            (ii) in subparagraph (H) by 
                        striking the period at the end and 
                        inserting ``; and''; and
                            (iii) by adding at the end the 
                        following:
                    ``(I) improve the resiliency and 
                reliability of the transportation system.''; 
                and
                    (B) in paragraph (2)--
                            (i) in subparagraph (B)(ii) by 
                        striking ``urbanized''; and
                            (ii) in subparagraph (C) by 
                        striking ``urbanized''; and
            (3) in subsection (f)(3)(A)(ii)--
                    (A) by inserting ``public ports,'' before 
                ``freight shippers,''; and
                    (B) by inserting ``(including intercity bus 
                operators, employer-based commuting programs, 
                such as a carpool program, vanpool program, 
                transit benefit program, parking cash-out 
                program, shuttle program, or telework 
                program)'' after ``private providers of 
                transportation''.

SEC. 3004. URBANIZED AREA FORMULA GRANTS.

    Section 5307 of title 49, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)--
                    (A) in paragraph (2) by inserting ``or 
                demand response service, excluding ADA 
                complementary paratransit service,'' before 
                ``during'' each place it appears; and
                    (B) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(3) Exception to the special rule.--
        Notwithstanding paragraph (2), if a public 
        transportation system described in such paragraph 
        executes a written agreement with 1 or more other 
        public transportation systems within the urbanized area 
        to allocate funds for the purposes described in the 
        paragraph by a method other than by measuring vehicle 
        revenue hours, each public transportation system that 
        is a party to the written agreement may follow the 
        terms of the written agreement without regard to 
        measured vehicle revenue hours referred to in the 
        paragraph.''; and
            (2) in subsection (c)(1)--
                    (A) in subparagraph (C), by inserting ``in 
                accordance with the recipient's transit asset 
                management plan'' after ``equipment and 
                facilities''; and
                    (B) in subparagraph (K), by striking 
                ``Census--'' and all that follows through 
                clause (ii) and inserting the following: 
                ``Census, will submit an annual report listing 
                projects carried out in the preceding fiscal 
                year under this section for associated transit 
                improvements as defined in section 5302; and''.

SEC. 3005. FIXED GUIDEWAY CAPITAL INVESTMENT GRANTS.

    (a) In General.--Section 5309 of title 49, United States 
Code, is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)--
                    (A) in paragraph (3), by striking ``and 
                weekend days'';
                    (B) in paragraph (6)--
                            (i) in subparagraph (A) by 
                        inserting ``, small start projects,'' 
                        after ``new fixed guideway capital 
                        projects''; and
                            (ii) by striking subparagraph (B) 
                        and inserting the following:
                    ``(B) 2 or more projects that are any 
                combination of new fixed guideway capital 
                projects, small start projects, and core 
                capacity improvement projects.''; and
                    (C) in paragraph (7)--
                            (i) in subparagraph (A), by 
                        striking ``$75,000,000'' and inserting 
                        ``$100,000,000''; and
                            (ii) in subparagraph (B), by 
                        striking ``$250,000,000'' and inserting 
                        ``$300,000,000'';
            (2) in subsection (d)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1)(B) by striking ``, 
                policies and land use patterns that promote 
                public transportation,''; and
                    (B) in paragraph (2)(A)--
                            (i) in clause (iii) by adding 
                        ``and'' after the semicolon;
                            (ii) by striking clause (iv); and
                            (iii) by redesignating clause (v) 
                        as clause (iv);
            (3) in subsection (g)(2)(A)(i) by striking ``the 
        policies and land use patterns that support public 
        transportation,'';
            (4) in subsection (h)(6)--
                    (A) by striking ``In carrying out'' and 
                inserting the following:
                    ``(A) In general.--In carrying out''; and
                    (B) by adding at the end the following:
                    ``(B) Optional early rating.--At the 
                request of the project sponsor, the Secretary 
                shall evaluate and rate the project in 
                accordance with paragraphs (4) and (5) and 
                subparagraph (A) of this paragraph upon 
                completion of the analysis required under the 
                National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (42 
                U.S.C. 4321 et seq.).'';
            (5) in subsection (i)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1) by striking 
                ``subsection (d) or (e)'' and inserting 
                ``subsection (d), (e), or (h)'';
                    (B) in paragraph (2)--
                            (i) in the matter preceding 
                        subparagraph (A) by inserting ``new 
                        fixed guideway capital project or core 
                        capacity improvement'' after 
                        ``federally funded'';
                            (ii) by striking subparagraph (D) 
                        and inserting the following:
                    ``(D) the program of interrelated projects, 
                when evaluated as a whole--
                            ``(i) meets the requirements of 
                        subsection (d)(2), subsection (e)(2), 
                        or paragraphs (3) and (4) of subsection 
                        (h), as applicable, if the program is 
                        comprised entirely of--
                                    ``(I) new fixed guideway 
                                capital projects;
                                    ``(II) core capacity 
                                improvement projects; or
                                    ``(III) small start 
                                projects; or
                            ``(ii) meets the requirements of 
                        subsection (d)(2) if the program is 
                        comprised of any combination of new 
                        fixed guideway capital projects, small 
                        start projects, and core capacity 
                        improvement projects;''; and
                            (iii) in subparagraph (F), by 
                        inserting ``or subsection (h)(5), as 
                        applicable'' after ``subsection (f)''; 
                        and
                    (C) by striking paragraph (3)(A) and 
                inserting the following:
                    ``(A) Project advancement.--A project 
                receiving a grant under this section that is 
                part of a program of interrelated projects may 
                not advance--
                            ``(i) in the case of a small start 
                        project, from the project development 
                        phase to the construction phase unless 
                        the Secretary determines that the 
                        program of interrelated projects meets 
                        the applicable requirements of this 
                        section and there is a reasonable 
                        likelihood that the program will 
                        continue to meet such requirements; or
                            ``(ii) in the case of a new fixed 
                        guideway capital project or a core 
                        capacity improvement project, from the 
                        project development phase to the 
                        engineering phase, or from the 
                        engineering phase to the construction 
                        phase, unless the Secretary determines 
                        that the program of interrelated 
                        projects meets the applicable 
                        requirements of this section and there 
                        is a reasonable likelihood that the 
                        program will continue to meet such 
                        requirements.'';
            (6) in subsection (l)--
                    (A) by striking paragraph (1) and inserting 
                the following:
            ``(1) In general.--
                    ``(A) Estimation of net capital project 
                cost.--Based on engineering studies, studies of 
                economic feasibility, and information on the 
                expected use of equipment or facilities, the 
                Secretary shall estimate the net capital 
                project cost.
                    ``(B) Grants.--
                            ``(i) Grant for new fixed guideway 
                        capital project.--A grant for a new 
                        fixed guideway capital project shall 
                        not exceed 80 percent of the net 
                        capital project cost.
                            ``(ii) Full funding grant agreement 
                        for new fixed guideway capital 
                        project.--A full funding grant 
                        agreement for a new fixed guideway 
                        capital project shall not include a 
                        share of more than 60 percent from the 
                        funds made available under this 
                        section.
                            ``(iii) Grant for core capacity 
                        improvement project.--A grant for a 
                        core capacity improvement project shall 
                        not exceed 80 percent of the net 
                        capital project cost of the incremental 
                        cost to increase the capacity in the 
                        corridor
                            ``(iv) Grant for small start 
                        project.--. A grant for a small start 
                        project shall not exceed 80 percent of 
                        the net capital project costs.''; and
                    (B) by striking paragraph (4) and inserting 
                the following:
            ``(4) Remaining costs.--The remainder of the net 
        capital project costs shall be provided--
                    ``(A) in cash from non-Government sources;
                    ``(B) from revenues from the sale of 
                advertising and concessions; or
                    ``(C) from an undistributed cash surplus, a 
                replacement or depreciation cash fund or 
                reserve, or new capital.'';
            (7) by striking subsection (n) and inserting the 
        following:
    ``(n) Availability of Amounts.--
            ``(1) In general.--An amount made available or 
        appropriated for a new fixed guideway capital project 
        or core capacity improvement project shall remain 
        available to that project for 4 fiscal years, including 
        the fiscal year in which the amount is made available 
        or appropriated. Any amounts that are unobligated to 
        the project at the end of the 4-fiscal-year period may 
        be used by the Secretary for any purpose under this 
        section.
            ``(2) Use of deobligated amounts.--An amount 
        available under this section that is deobligated may be 
        used for any purpose under this section.''; and
            (8) by adding at the end the following:
    ``(p) Special Rule.--For the purposes of calculating the 
cost effectiveness of a project described in subsection (d) or 
(e), the Secretary shall not reduce or eliminate the capital 
costs of art and non-functional landscaping elements from the 
annualized capital cost calculation.
    ``(q) Joint Public Transportation and Intercity Passenger 
Rail Projects.--
            ``(1) In general.--The Secretary may make grants 
        for new fixed guideway capital projects and core 
        capacity improvement projects that provide both public 
        transportation and intercity passenger rail service.
            ``(2) Eligible costs.--Eligible costs for a project 
        under this subsection shall be limited to the net 
        capital costs of the public transportation costs 
        attributable to the project based on projected use of 
        the new segment or expanded capacity of the project 
        corridor, not including project elements designed to 
        achieve or maintain a state of good repair, as 
        determined by the Secretary under paragraph (4).
            ``(3) Project justification and local financial 
        commitment.--A project under this subsection shall be 
        evaluated for project justification and local financial 
        commitment under subsections (d), (e), (f), and (h), as 
        applicable to the project, based on--
                    ``(A) the net capital costs of the public 
                transportation costs attributable to the 
                project as determined under paragraph (4); and
                    ``(B) the share of funds dedicated to the 
                project from sources other than this section 
                included in the unified finance plan for the 
                project.
            ``(4) Calculation of net capital project cost.--The 
        Secretary shall estimate the net capital costs of a 
        project under this subsection based on--
                    ``(A) engineering studies;
                    ``(B) studies of economic feasibility;
                    ``(C) the expected use of equipment or 
                facilities; and
                    ``(D) the public transportation costs 
                attributable to the project.
            ``(5) Government share of net capital project 
        cost.--
                    ``(A) Government share.--The Government 
                share shall not exceed 80 percent of the net 
                capital cost attributable to the public 
                transportation costs of a project under this 
                subsection as determined under paragraph (4).
                    ``(B) Non-government share.--The remainder 
                of the net capital cost attributable to the 
                public transportation costs of a project under 
                this subsection shall be provided from an 
                undistributed cash surplus, a replacement or 
                depreciation cash fund or reserve, or new 
                capital.''.
    (b) Expedited Project Delivery for Capital Investment 
Grants Pilot Program.--
            (1) Definitions.--In this subsection, the following 
        definitions shall apply:
                    (A) Applicant.--The term ``applicant'' 
                means a State or local governmental authority 
                that applies for a grant under this subsection.
                    (B) Capital project; fixed guideway; local 
                governmental authority; public transportation; 
                state; state of good repair.--The terms 
                ``capital project'', ``fixed guideway'', 
                ``local governmental authority'', ``public 
                transportation'', ``State'', and ``state of 
                good repair'' have the meanings given those 
                terms in section 5302 of title 49, United 
                States Code.
                    (C) Core capacity improvement project.--The 
                term ``core capacity improvement project''--
                            (i) means a substantial corridor-
                        based capital investment in an existing 
                        fixed guideway system that increases 
                        the capacity of a corridor by not less 
                        than 10 percent; and
                            (ii) may include project elements 
                        designed to aid the existing fixed 
                        guideway system in making substantial 
                        progress towards achieving a state of 
                        good repair.
                    (D) Corridor-based bus rapid transit 
                project.--The term ``corridor-based bus rapid 
                transit project'' means a small start project 
                utilizing buses in which the project represents 
                a substantial investment in a defined corridor 
                as demonstrated by features that emulate the 
                services provided by rail fixed guideway public 
                transportation systems--
                            (i) including--
                                    (I) defined stations;
                                    (II) traffic signal 
                                priority for public 
                                transportation vehicles;
                                    (III) short headway 
                                bidirectional services for a 
                                substantial part of weekdays; 
                                and
                                    (IV) any other features the 
                                Secretary may determine support 
                                a long-term corridor 
                                investment; and
                            (ii) the majority of which does not 
                        operate in a separated right-of-way 
                        dedicated for public transportation use 
                        during peak periods.
                    (E) Eligible project.--The term ``eligible 
                project'' means a new fixed guideway capital 
                project, a small start project, or a core 
                capacity improvement project that has not 
                entered into a full funding grant agreement 
                with the Federal Transit Administration before 
                the date of enactment of this Act.
                    (F) Fixed guideway bus rapid transit 
                project.--The term ``fixed guideway bus rapid 
                transit project'' means a bus capital project--
                            (i) in which the majority of the 
                        project operates in a separated right-
                        of-way dedicated for public 
                        transportation use during peak periods;
                            (ii) that represents a substantial 
                        investment in a single route in a 
                        defined corridor or subarea; and
                            (iii) that includes features that 
                        emulate the services provided by rail 
                        fixed guideway public transportation 
                        systems, including--
                                    (I) defined stations;
                                    (II) traffic signal 
                                priority for public 
                                transportation vehicles;
                                    (III) short headway 
                                bidirectional services for a 
                                substantial part of weekdays 
                                and weekend days; and
                                    (IV) any other features the 
                                Secretary may determine are 
                                necessary to produce high-
                                quality public transportation 
                                services that emulate the 
                                services provided by rail fixed 
                                guideway public transportation 
                                systems.
                    (G) New fixed guideway capital project.--
                The term ``new fixed guideway capital project'' 
                means--
                            (i) a fixed guideway capital 
                        project that is a minimum operable 
                        segment or extension to an existing 
                        fixed guideway system; or
                            (ii) a fixed guideway bus rapid 
                        transit project that is a minimum 
                        operable segment or an extension to an 
                        existing bus rapid transit system.
                    (H) Recipient.--The term ``recipient'' 
                means a recipient of funding under chapter 53 
                of title 49, United States Code.
                    (I) Small start project.--The term ``small 
                start project'' means a new fixed guideway 
                capital project, a fixed guideway bus rapid 
                transit project, or a corridor-based bus rapid 
                transit project for which--
                            (i) the Federal assistance provided 
                        or to be provided under this subsection 
                        is less than $75,000,000; and
                            (ii) the total estimated net 
                        capital cost is less than $300,000,000.
            (2) General authority.--The Secretary may make 
        grants under this subsection to States and local 
        governmental authorities to assist in financing--
                    (A) new fixed guideway capital projects or 
                small start projects, including the acquisition 
                of real property, the initial acquisition of 
                rolling stock for the system, the acquisition 
                of rights-of-way, and relocation, for projects 
                in the advanced stages of planning and design; 
                and
                    (B) core capacity improvement projects, 
                including the acquisition of real property, the 
                acquisition of rights-of-way, double tracking, 
                signalization improvements, electrification, 
                expanding system platforms, acquisition of 
                rolling stock associated with corridor 
                improvements increasing capacity, construction 
                of infill stations, and such other capacity 
                improvement projects as the Secretary 
                determines are appropriate to increase the 
                capacity of an existing fixed guideway system 
                corridor by not less than 10 percent. Core 
                capacity improvement projects do not include 
                elements to improve general station facilities 
                or parking, or acquisition of rolling stock 
                alone.
            (3) Grant requirements.--
                    (A) In general.--The Secretary may make not 
                more than 8 grants under this subsection for 
                eligible projects if the Secretary determines 
                that--
                            (i) the eligible project is part of 
                        an approved transportation plan 
                        required under sections 5303 and 5304 
                        of title 49, United States Code;
                            (ii) the applicant has, or will 
                        have--
                                    (I) the legal, financial, 
                                and technical capacity to carry 
                                out the eligible project, 
                                including the safety and 
                                security aspects of the 
                                eligible project;
                                    (II) satisfactory 
                                continuing control over the use 
                                of the equipment or facilities;
                                    (III) the technical and 
                                financial capacity to maintain 
                                new and existing equipment and 
                                facilities; and
                                    (IV) advisors providing 
                                guidance to the applicant on 
                                the terms and structure of the 
                                project that are independent 
                                from investors in the project;
                            (iii) the eligible project is 
                        supported, or will be supported, in 
                        part, through a public-private 
                        partnership, provided such support is 
                        determined by local policies, criteria, 
                        and decisionmaking under section 
                        5306(a) of title 49, United States 
                        Code;
                            (iv) the eligible project is 
                        justified based on findings presented 
                        by the project sponsor to the 
                        Secretary, including--
                                    (I) mobility improvements 
                                attributable to the project;
                                    (II) environmental benefits 
                                associated with the project;
                                    (III) congestion relief 
                                associated with the project;
                                    (IV) economic development 
                                effects derived as a result of 
                                the project; and
                                    (V) estimated ridership 
                                projections;
                            (v) the eligible project is 
                        supported by an acceptable degree of 
                        local financial commitment (including 
                        evidence of stable and dependable 
                        financing sources); and
                            (vi) the eligible project will be 
                        operated and maintained by employees of 
                        an existing provider of fixed guideway 
                        or bus rapid transit public 
                        transportation in the service area of 
                        the project, or if none exists, by 
                        employees of an existing public 
                        transportation provider in the service 
                        area.
                    (B) Certification.--An applicant that has 
                submitted the certifications required under 
                subparagraphs (A), (B), (C), and (H) of section 
                5307(c)(1) of title 49, United States Code, 
                shall be deemed to have provided sufficient 
                information upon which the Secretary may make 
                the determinations required under this 
                paragraph.
                    (C) Technical capacity.--The Secretary 
                shall use an expedited technical capacity 
                review process for applicants that have 
                recently and successfully completed not less 
                than 1 new fixed guideway capital project, 
                small start project, or core capacity 
                improvement project, if--
                            (i) the applicant achieved budget, 
                        cost, and ridership outcomes for the 
                        project that are consistent with or 
                        better than projections; and
                            (ii) the applicant demonstrates 
                        that the applicant continues to have 
                        the staff expertise and other resources 
                        necessary to implement a new project.
                    (D) Financial commitment.--
                            (i) Requirements.--In determining 
                        whether an eligible project is 
                        supported by an acceptable degree of 
                        local financial commitment and shows 
                        evidence of stable and dependable 
                        financing sources for purposes of 
                        subparagraph (A)(v), the Secretary 
                        shall require that--
                                    (I) each proposed source of 
                                capital and operating financing 
                                is stable, reliable, and 
                                available within the proposed 
                                eligible project timetable; and
                                    (II) resources are 
                                available to recapitalize, 
                                maintain, and operate the 
                                overall existing and proposed 
                                public transportation system, 
                                including essential feeder bus 
                                and other services necessary, 
                                without degradation to the 
                                existing level of public 
                                transportation services.
                            (ii) Considerations.--In assessing 
                        the stability, reliability, and 
                        availability of proposed sources of 
                        financing under clause (i), the 
                        Secretary shall consider--
                                    (I) the reliability of the 
                                forecasting methods used to 
                                estimate costs and revenues 
                                made by the applicant and the 
                                contractors to the applicant;
                                    (II) existing grant 
                                commitments;
                                    (III) the degree to which 
                                financing sources are dedicated 
                                to the proposed eligible 
                                project;
                                    (IV) any debt obligation 
                                that exists or is proposed by 
                                the applicant, for the proposed 
                                eligible project or other 
                                public transportation purpose; 
                                and
                                    (V) private contributions 
                                to the eligible project, 
                                including cost-effective 
                                project delivery, management or 
                                transfer of project risks, 
                                expedited project schedule, 
                                financial partnering, and other 
                                public-private partnership 
                                strategies.
                    (E) Labor standards.--The requirements 
                under section 5333 of title 49, United States 
                Code, shall apply to each recipient of a grant 
                under this subsection.
            (4) Project advancement.--An applicant that desires 
        a grant under this subsection and meets the 
        requirements of paragraph (3) shall submit to the 
        Secretary, and the Secretary shall approve for 
        advancement, a grant request that contains--
                    (A) identification of an eligible project;
                    (B) a schedule and finance plan for the 
                construction and operation of the eligible 
                project;
                    (C) an analysis of the efficiencies of the 
                proposed eligible project development and 
                delivery methods and innovative financing 
                arrangement for the eligible project, including 
                any documents related to the--
                            (i) public-private partnership 
                        required under paragraph (3)(A)(iii); 
                        and
                            (ii) project justification required 
                        under paragraph (3)(A)(iv); and
                    (D) a certification that the existing 
                public transportation system of the applicant 
                or, in the event that the applicant does not 
                operate a public transportation system, the 
                public transportation system to which the 
                proposed project will be attached, is in a 
                state of good repair.
            (5) Written notice from the secretary.--
                    (A) In general.--Not later than 120 days 
                after the date on which the Secretary receives 
                a grant request of an applicant under paragraph 
                (4), the Secretary shall provide written notice 
                to the applicant--
                            (i) of approval of the grant 
                        request; or
                            (ii) if the grant request does not 
                        meet the requirements under paragraph 
                        (4), of disapproval of the grant 
                        request, including a detailed 
                        explanation of the reasons for the 
                        disapproval.
                    (B) Concurrent notice.--The Secretary shall 
                provide concurrent notice of an approval or 
                disapproval of a grant request under 
                subparagraph (A) to the Committee on Banking, 
                Housing, and Urban Affairs of the Senate and 
                the Committee on Transportation and 
                Infrastructure of the House of Representatives.
            (6) Waiver.--The Secretary may grant a waiver to an 
        applicant that does not comply with paragraph (4)(D) 
        if--
                    (A) the eligible project meets the 
                definition of a core capacity improvement 
                project; and
                    (B) the Secretary certifies that the 
                eligible project will allow the applicant to 
                make substantial progress in achieving a state 
                of good repair.
            (7) Selection criteria.--The Secretary may enter 
        into a full funding grant agreement with an applicant 
        under this subsection for an eligible project for which 
        an application has been submitted and approved for 
        advancement by the Secretary under paragraph (4), only 
        if the applicant has completed the planning and 
        activities required under the National Environmental 
        Policy Act of 1969 (42 U.S.C. 4321 et seq.).
            (8) Letters of intent and full funding grant 
        agreements.--
                    (A) Letters of intent.--
                            (i) Amounts intended to be 
                        obligated.--The Secretary may issue a 
                        letter of intent to an applicant 
                        announcing an intention to obligate, 
                        for an eligible project under this 
                        subsection, an amount from future 
                        available budget authority specified in 
                        law that is not more than the amount 
                        stipulated as the financial 
                        participation of the Secretary in the 
                        eligible project. When a letter is 
                        issued for an eligible project under 
                        this subsection, the amount shall be 
                        sufficient to complete at least an 
                        operable segment.
                            (ii) Treatment.--The issuance of a 
                        letter under clause (i) is deemed not 
                        to be an obligation under section 
                        1108(c), 1501, or 1502(a) of title 31, 
                        United States Code, or an 
                        administrative commitment.
                    (B) Full funding grant agreements.--
                            (i) In general.--Except as provided 
                        in clause (v), an eligible project 
                        shall be carried out under this 
                        subsection through a full funding grant 
                        agreement.
                            (ii) Criteria.--The Secretary shall 
                        enter into a full funding grant 
                        agreement, based on the requirements of 
                        this subparagraph, with each applicant 
                        receiving assistance for an eligible 
                        project that has received a written 
                        notice of approval under paragraph 
                        (5)(A)(i).
                            (iii) Terms.--A full funding grant 
                        agreement shall--
                                    (I) establish the terms of 
                                participation by the Federal 
                                Government in the eligible 
                                project;
                                    (II) establish the maximum 
                                amount of Federal financial 
                                assistance for the eligible 
                                project;
                                    (III) include the period of 
                                time for completing 
                                construction of the eligible 
                                project, consistent with the 
                                terms of the public-private 
                                partnership agreement, even if 
                                that period extends beyond the 
                                period of an authorization; and
                                    (IV) make timely and 
                                efficient management of the 
                                eligible project easier 
                                according to the law of the 
                                United States.
                            (iv) Special financial rules.--
                                    (I) In general.--A full 
                                funding grant agreement under 
                                this subparagraph obligates an 
                                amount of available budget 
                                authority specified in law and 
                                may include a commitment, 
                                contingent on amounts to be 
                                specified in law in advance for 
                                commitments under this 
                                subparagraph, to obligate an 
                                additional amount from future 
                                available budget authority 
                                specified in law.
                                    (II) Statement of 
                                contingent commitment.--A full 
                                funding grant agreement shall 
                                state that the contingent 
                                commitment is not an obligation 
                                of the Federal Government.
                                    (III) Interest and other 
                                financing costs.--Interest and 
                                other financing costs of 
                                efficiently carrying out a part 
                                of the eligible project within 
                                a reasonable time are a cost of 
                                carrying out the eligible 
                                project under a full funding 
                                grant agreement, except that 
                                eligible costs may not be more 
                                than the cost of the most 
                                favorable financing terms 
                                reasonably available for the 
                                eligible project at the time of 
                                borrowing. The applicant shall 
                                certify, in a way satisfactory 
                                to the Secretary, that the 
                                applicant has shown reasonable 
                                diligence in seeking the most 
                                favorable financing terms.
                                    (IV) Completion of operable 
                                segment.--The amount stipulated 
                                in an agreement under this 
                                subparagraph for a new fixed 
                                guideway capital project, core 
                                capacity improvement project, 
                                or small start project shall be 
                                sufficient to complete at least 
                                an operable segment.
                            (v) Exception.--
                                    (I) In general.--The 
                                Secretary, to the maximum 
                                extent practicable, shall 
                                provide Federal assistance 
                                under this subsection for a 
                                small start project in a single 
                                grant. If the Secretary cannot 
                                provide such a single grant, 
                                the Secretary may execute an 
                                expedited grant agreement in 
                                order to include a commitment 
                                on the part of the Secretary to 
                                provide funding for the project 
                                in future fiscal years.
                                    (II) Terms of expedited 
                                grant agreements.--In executing 
                                an expedited grant agreement 
                                under this clause, the 
                                Secretary may include in the 
                                agreement terms similar to 
                                those established under clause 
                                (iii).
                    (C) Limitation on amounts.--
                            (i) In general.--The Secretary may 
                        enter into full funding grant 
                        agreements under this paragraph for 
                        eligible projects that contain 
                        contingent commitments to incur 
                        obligations in such amounts as the 
                        Secretary determines are appropriate.
                            (ii) Appropriation required.--An 
                        obligation may be made under this 
                        paragraph only when amounts are 
                        appropriated for obligation.
                    (D) Notification to congress.--
                            (i) In general.--Not later than 30 
                        days before the date on which the 
                        Secretary issues a letter of intent or 
                        enters into a full funding grant 
                        agreement for an eligible project under 
                        this paragraph, the Secretary shall 
                        notify, in writing, the Committee on 
                        Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs and 
                        the Committee on Appropriations of the 
                        Senate and the Committee on 
                        Transportation and Infrastructure and 
                        the Committee on Appropriations of the 
                        House of Representatives of the 
                        proposed letter of intent or full 
                        funding grant agreement.
                            (ii) Contents.--The written 
                        notification under clause (i) shall 
                        include a copy of the proposed letter 
                        of intent or full funding grant 
                        agreement for the eligible project.
            (9) Government share of net capital project cost.--
                    (A) In general.--A grant for an eligible 
                project shall not exceed 25 percent of the net 
                capital project cost.
                    (B) Remainder of net capital project 
                cost.--The remainder of the net capital project 
                cost shall be provided from an undistributed 
                cash surplus, a replacement or depreciation 
                cash fund or reserve, or new capital.
                    (C) Limitation on statutory construction.--
                Nothing in this subsection shall be construed 
                as authorizing the Secretary to require a non-
                Federal financial commitment for a project that 
                is more than 75 percent of the net capital 
                project cost.
                    (D) Special rule for rolling stock costs.--
                In addition to amounts allowed pursuant to 
                subparagraph (A), a planned extension to a 
                fixed guideway system may include the cost of 
                rolling stock previously purchased if the 
                applicant satisfies the Secretary that only 
                amounts other than amounts provided by the 
                Federal Government were used and that the 
                purchase was made for use on the extension. A 
                refund or reduction of the remainder may be 
                made only if a refund of a proportional amount 
                of the grant of the Federal Government is made 
                at the same time.
                    (E) Failure to carry out project.--If an 
                applicant does not carry out an eligible 
                project for reasons within the control of the 
                applicant, the applicant shall repay all 
                Federal funds awarded for the eligible project 
                from all Federal funding sources, for all 
                eligible project activities, facilities, and 
                equipment, plus reasonable interest and penalty 
                charges allowable by law.
                    (F) Crediting of funds received.--Any funds 
                received by the Federal Government under this 
                paragraph, other than interest and penalty 
                charges, shall be credited to the appropriation 
                account from which the funds were originally 
                derived.
            (10) Availability of amounts.--
                    (A) In general.--An amount made available 
                for an eligible project shall remain available 
                to that eligible project for 4 fiscal years, 
                including the fiscal year in which the amount 
                is made available. Any amounts that are 
                unobligated to the eligible project at the end 
                of the 4-fiscal-year period may be used by the 
                Secretary for any purpose under this 
                subsection.
                    (B) Use of deobligated amounts.--An amount 
                available under this subsection that is 
                deobligated may be used for any purpose under 
                this subsection.
            (11) Annual report on expedited project delivery 
        for capital investment grants.--Not later than the 
        first Monday in February of each year, the Secretary 
        shall submit to the Committee on Banking, Housing, and 
        Urban Affairs and the Committee on Appropriations of 
        the Senate and the Committee on Transportation and 
        Infrastructure and the Committee on Appropriations of 
        the House of Representatives a report that includes a 
        proposed amount to be available to finance grants for 
        anticipated projects under this subsection.
            (12) Before and after study and report.--
                    (A) Study required.--Each recipient shall 
                conduct a study that--
                            (i) describes and analyzes the 
                        impacts of the eligible project on 
                        public transportation services and 
                        public transportation ridership;
                            (ii) describes and analyzes the 
                        consistency of predicted and actual 
                        benefits and costs of the innovative 
                        project development and delivery 
                        methods or innovative financing for the 
                        eligible project; and
                            (iii) identifies reasons for any 
                        differences between predicted and 
                        actual outcomes for the eligible 
                        project.
                    (B) Submission of report.--Not later than 2 
                years after an eligible project that is 
                selected under this subsection begins revenue 
                operations, the recipient shall submit to the 
                Secretary a report on the results of the study 
                conducted under subparagraph (A).
            (13) Rule of construction.--Nothing in this 
        subsection shall be construed to--
                    (A) require the privatization of the 
                operation or maintenance of any project for 
                which an applicant seeks funding under this 
                subsection;
                    (B) revise the determinations by local 
                policies, criteria, and decisionmaking under 
                section 5306(a) of title 49, United States 
                Code;
                    (C) alter the requirements for locally 
                developed, coordinated, and implemented 
                transportation plans under sections 5303 and 
                5304 of title 49, United States Code; or
                    (D) alter the eligibilities or priorities 
                for assistance under this subsection or section 
                5309 of title 49, United States Code.

SEC. 3006. ENHANCED MOBILITY OF SENIORS AND INDIVIDUALS WITH 
                    DISABILITIES.

    (a) In General.--Section 5310 of title 49, United States 
Code, is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a), by striking paragraph (1) 
        and inserting the following:
            ``(1) Recipient.--The term `recipient' means--
                    ``(A) a designated recipient or a State 
                that receives a grant under this section 
                directly; or
                    ``(B) a State or local governmental entity 
                that operates a public transportation 
                service.''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following:
    ``(i) Best Practices.--The Secretary shall collect from, 
review, and disseminate to public transportation agencies--
            ``(1) innovative practices;
            ``(2) program models;
            ``(3) new service delivery options;
            ``(4) findings from activities under subsection 
        (h); and
            ``(5) transit cooperative research program 
        reports.''.
    (b) Pilot Program for Innovative Coordinated Access and 
Mobility.--
            (1) Definitions.--In this subsection--
                    (A) the term ``eligible project'' has the 
                meaning given the term ``capital project'' in 
                section 5302 of title 49, United States Code; 
                and
                    (B) the term ``eligible recipient'' means a 
                recipient or subrecipient, as those terms are 
                defined in section 5310 of title 49, United 
                States Code.
            (2) General authority.--The Secretary may make 
        grants under this subsection to eligible recipients to 
        assist in financing innovative projects for the 
        transportation disadvantaged that improve the 
        coordination of transportation services and 
        nonemergency medical transportation services, 
        including--
                    (A) the deployment of coordination 
                technology;
                    (B) projects that create or increase access 
                to community One-Call/One-Click Centers; and
                    (C) such other projects as determined 
                appropriate by the Secretary.
            (3) Application.--An eligible recipient shall 
        submit to the Secretary an application that, at a 
        minimum, contains--
                    (A) a detailed description of the eligible 
                project;
                    (B) an identification of all eligible 
                project partners and their specific role in the 
                eligible project, including--
                            (i) private entities engaged in the 
                        coordination of nonemergency medical 
                        transportation services for the 
                        transportation disadvantaged; or
                            (ii) nonprofit entities engaged in 
                        the coordination of nonemergency 
                        medical transportation services for the 
                        transportation disadvantaged;
                    (C) a description of how the eligible 
                project would--
                            (i) improve local coordination or 
                        access to coordinated transportation 
                        services;
                            (ii) reduce duplication of service, 
                        if applicable; and
                            (iii) provide innovative solutions 
                        in the State or community; and
                    (D) specific performance measures the 
                eligible project will use to quantify actual 
                outcomes against expected outcomes.
            (4) Report.--The Secretary shall make publicly 
        available an annual report on the pilot program carried 
        out under this subsection for each fiscal year, not 
        later than December 31 of the calendar year in which 
        that fiscal year ends. The report shall include a 
        detailed description of the activities carried out 
        under the pilot program, and an evaluation of the 
        program, including an evaluation of the performance 
        measures described in paragraph (3)(D).
            (5) Government share of costs.--
                    (A) In general.--The Government share of 
                the cost of an eligible project carried out 
                under this subsection shall not exceed 80 
                percent.
                    (B) Non-government share.--The non-
                Government share of the cost of an eligible 
                project carried out under this subsection may 
                be derived from in-kind contributions.
            (6) Rule of construction.--For purposes of this 
        subsection, nonemergency medical transportation 
        services shall be limited to services eligible under 
        Federal programs other than programs authorized under 
        chapter 53 of title 49, United States Code.
    (c) Coordinated Mobility.--
            (1) Definitions.--In this subsection, the following 
        definitions apply:
                    (A) Allocated cost model.--The term 
                ``allocated cost model'' means a method of 
                determining the cost of trips by allocating the 
                cost to each trip purpose served by a 
                transportation provider in a manner that is 
                proportional to the level of transportation 
                service that the transportation provider 
                delivers for each trip purpose, to the extent 
                permitted by applicable Federal laws.
                    (B) Council.--The term ``Council'' means 
                the Interagency Transportation Coordinating 
                Council on Access and Mobility established 
                under Executive Order No. 13330 (49 U.S.C. 101 
                note).
            (2) Strategic plan.--Not later than 1 year after 
        the date of enactment of this Act, the Council shall 
        publish a strategic plan for the Council that--
                    (A) outlines the role and responsibilities 
                of each Federal agency with respect to local 
                transportation coordination, including 
                nonemergency medical transportation;
                    (B) identifies a strategy to strengthen 
                interagency collaboration;
                    (C) addresses any outstanding 
                recommendations made by the Council in the 2005 
                Report to the President relating to the 
                implementation of Executive Order No. 13330, 
                including--
                            (i) a cost-sharing policy endorsed 
                        by the Council; and
                            (ii) recommendations to increase 
                        participation by recipients of Federal 
                        grants in locally developed, 
                        coordinated planning processes;
                    (D) to the extent feasible, addresses 
                recommendations by the Comptroller General 
                concerning local coordination of transportation 
                services;
                    (E) examines and proposes changes to 
                Federal regulations that will eliminate Federal 
                barriers to local transportation coordination, 
                including non-emergency medical transportation; 
                and
                    (F) recommends to Congress changes to 
                Federal laws, including chapter 7 of title 42, 
                United States Code, that will eliminate Federal 
                barriers to local transportation coordination, 
                including nonemergency medical transportation.
            (3) Development of cost-sharing policy in 
        compliance with applicable federal laws.--In 
        establishing the cost-sharing policy required under 
        paragraph (2), the Council may consider, to the extent 
        practicable--
                    (A) the development of recommended 
                strategies for grantees of programs funded by 
                members of the Council, including strategies 
                for grantees of programs that fund nonemergency 
                medical transportation, to use the cost-sharing 
                policy in a manner that does not violate 
                applicable Federal laws; and
                    (B) incorporation of an allocated cost 
                model to facilitate local coordination efforts 
                that comply with applicable requirements of 
                programs funded by members of the Council, such 
                as--
                            (i) eligibility requirements;
                            (ii) service delivery requirements; 
                        and
                            (iii) reimbursement requirements.
            (4) Report.--The Council shall, concurrently with 
        submission to the President of a report containing 
        final recommendations of the Council, transmit such 
        report to the Committee on Transportation and 
        Infrastructure of the House of Representatives and the 
        Committee on Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs of the 
        Senate.

SEC. 3007. FORMULA GRANTS FOR RURAL AREAS.

    (a) In General.--Section 5311 of title 49, United States 
Code, is amended--
            (1) in subsection (c)(1), by striking subparagraphs 
        (A) and (B) and inserting the following:
                    ``(A) $5,000,000 for each fiscal year shall 
                be distributed on a competitive basis by the 
                Secretary.
                    ``(B) $30,000,000 for each fiscal year 
                shall be apportioned as formula grants, as 
                provided in subsection (j).'';
            (2) in subsection (g)(3)--
                    (A) by redesignating subparagraphs (A) 
                through (D) as subparagraphs (C) through (F), 
                respectively;
                    (B) by inserting before subparagraph (C) 
                (as so redesignated) the following:
                    ``(A) may be provided in cash from non-
                Government sources;
                    ``(B) may be provided from revenues from 
                the sale of advertising and concessions;'';
                    (C) in subparagraph (F) (as so 
                redesignated) by inserting ``, including all 
                operating and capital costs of such service 
                whether or not offset by revenue from such 
                service,'' after ``the costs of a private 
                operator for the unsubsidized segment of 
                intercity bus service''; and
            (3) in subsection (j)(1)--
                    (A) in subparagraph (A)(iii), by striking 
                ``(as defined by the Bureau of the Census)'' 
                and inserting ``(American Indian Areas, Alaska 
                Native Areas, and Hawaiian Home Lands, as 
                defined by the Bureau of the Census)''; and
                    (B) by adding at the end the following:
                    ``(E) Allocation between multiple indian 
                tribes.--If more than 1 Indian tribe provides 
                public transportation service on tribal lands 
                in a single Tribal Statistical Area, and the 
                Indian tribes do not determine how to allocate 
                the funds apportioned under clause (iii) of 
                subparagraph (A) between the Indian tribes, the 
                Secretary shall allocate the funds so that each 
                Indian tribe shall receive an amount equal to 
                the total amount apportioned under such clause 
                (iii) multiplied by the ratio of the number of 
                annual unlinked passenger trips provided by 
                each Indian tribe, as reported to the National 
                Transit Database, to the total unlinked 
                passenger trips provided by all Indian tribes 
                in the Tribal Statistical Area.''.
    (b) Conforming Amendments.--Section 5311 of such title is 
further amended--
            (1) in subsection (b) by striking ``5338(a)(2)(E)'' 
        and inserting ``5338(a)(2)(F)'';
            (2) in subsection (c)-
                    (A) in paragraph (1), in the matter 
                preceding subparagraph (A), by striking 
                ``5338(a)(2)(E)'' and inserting 
                ``5338(a)(2)(F)'';
                    (B) in paragraph (2)(C), by striking 
                ``5338(a)(2)(E)'' and inserting 
                ``5338(a)(2)(F)''; and
                    (C) in paragraph (3)(A), by striking 
                ``5338(a)(2)(E)'' and inserting 
                ``5338(a)(2)(F)''.

SEC. 3008. PUBLIC TRANSPORTATION INNOVATION.

    (a) Consolidation of Programs.--Section 5312 of title 49, 
United States Code, is amended--
            (1) by striking the section designation and heading 
        and inserting the following:

``Sec. 5312. Public transportation innovation'';

            (2) by redesignating subsections (a) through (f) as 
        subsections (b) through (g), respectively;
            (3) by inserting before subsection (b) (as so 
        redesignated) the following:
    ``(a) In General.--The Secretary shall provide assistance 
for projects and activities to advance innovative public 
transportation research and development in accordance with the 
requirements of this section.'';
            (4) in subsection (e) (as so redesignated)--
                    (A) in paragraph (3)--
                            (i) in the matter preceding 
                        subparagraph (A), by inserting 
                        ``demonstration, deployment, or 
                        evaluation'' before ``project that'';
                            (ii) in subparagraph (A), by 
                        striking ``and'' at the end;
                            (iii) in subparagraph (B), by 
                        striking the period at the end and 
                        inserting ``; or''; and
                            (iv) by adding at the end the 
                        following:
                    ``(C) the deployment of low or no emission 
                vehicles, zero emission vehicles, or associated 
                advanced technology.''; and
                    (B) by striking paragraph (5) and inserting 
                the following:
            ``(5) Prohibition.--The Secretary may not make 
        grants under this subsection for the demonstration, 
        deployment, or evaluation of a vehicle that is in 
        revenue service unless the Secretary determines that 
        the project makes significant technological 
        advancements in the vehicle.
            ``(6) Definitions.--In this subsection--
                    ``(A) the term `direct carbon emissions' 
                means the quantity of direct greenhouse gas 
                emissions from a vehicle, as determined by the 
                Administrator of the Environmental Protection 
                Agency;
                    ``(B) the term `low or no emission vehicle' 
                means--
                            ``(i) a passenger vehicle used to 
                        provide public transportation that the 
                        Secretary determines sufficiently 
                        reduces energy consumption or harmful 
                        emissions, including direct carbon 
                        emissions, when compared to a 
                        comparable standard vehicle; or
                            ``(ii) a zero emission vehicle used 
                        to provide public transportation; and
                    ``(C) the term `zero emission vehicle' 
                means a low or no emission vehicle that 
                produces no carbon or particulate matter.'';
            (5) by adding at the end the following:
    ``(h) Low or No Emission Vehicle Component Assessment.--
            ``(1) Definitions.--In this subsection--
                    ``(A) the term `covered institution of 
                higher education' means an institution of 
                higher education with which the Secretary 
                enters into a contract or cooperative 
                agreement, or to which the Secretary makes a 
                grant, under paragraph (2)(B) to operate a 
                facility selected under paragraph (2)(A);
                    ``(B) the terms `direct carbon emissions' 
                and `low or no emission vehicle' have the 
                meanings given those terms in subsection 
                (e)(6);
                    ``(C) the term `institution of higher 
                education' has the meaning given the term in 
                section 102 of the Higher Education Act of 1965 
                (20 U.S.C. 1002); and
                    ``(D) the term `low or no emission vehicle 
                component' means an item that is separately 
                installed in and removable from a low or no 
                emission vehicle.
            ``(2) Assessing low or no emission vehicle 
        components.--
                    ``(A) In general.--The Secretary shall 
                competitively select at least one facility to 
                conduct testing, evaluation, and analysis of 
                low or no emission vehicle components intended 
                for use in low or no emission vehicles.
                    ``(B) Operation and maintenance.--
                            ``(i) In general.--The Secretary 
                        shall enter into a contract or 
                        cooperative agreement with, or make a 
                        grant to, at least one institution of 
                        higher education to operate and 
                        maintain a facility selected under 
                        subparagraph (A).
                            ``(ii) Requirements.--An 
                        institution of higher education 
                        described in clause (i) shall have--
                                    ``(I) capacity to carry out 
                                transportation-related advanced 
                                component and vehicle 
                                evaluation;
                                    ``(II) laboratories capable 
                                of testing and evaluation; and
                                    ``(III) direct access to or 
                                a partnership with a testing 
                                facility capable of emulating 
                                real-world circumstances in 
                                order to test low or no 
                                emission vehicle components 
                                installed on the intended 
                                vehicle.
                    ``(C) Fees.--A covered institution of 
                higher education shall establish and collect 
                fees, which shall be approved by the Secretary, 
                for the assessment of low or no emission 
                vehicle components at the applicable facility 
                selected under subparagraph (A).
                    ``(D) Availability of amounts to pay for 
                assessment.--The Secretary shall enter into a 
                contract or cooperative agreement with, or make 
                a grant to an institution of higher education 
                under which--
                            ``(i) the Secretary shall pay 50 
                        percent of the cost of assessing a low 
                        or no emission vehicle component at the 
                        applicable facility selected under 
                        subparagraph (A) from amounts made 
                        available to carry out this section; 
                        and
                            ``(ii) the remaining 50 percent of 
                        such cost shall be paid from amounts 
                        recovered through the fees established 
                        and collected pursuant to subparagraph 
                        (C).
                    ``(E) Voluntary testing.--A manufacturer of 
                a low or no emission vehicle component is not 
                required to assess the low or no emission 
                vehicle component at a facility selected under 
                subparagraph (A).
                    ``(F) Compliance with section 5318.--
                Notwithstanding whether a low or no emission 
                vehicle component is assessed at a facility 
                selected under subparagraph (A), each new bus 
                model shall comply with the requirements under 
                section 5318.
                    ``(G) Separate facility.--A facility 
                selected under subparagraph (A) shall be 
                separate and distinct from the facility 
                operated and maintained under section 5318.
            ``(3) Low or no emission vehicle component 
        performance reports.--Not later than 2 years after the 
        date of enactment of the Federal Public Transportation 
        Act of 2015, and annually thereafter, the Secretary 
        shall issue a report on low or no emission vehicle 
        component assessments conducted at each facility 
        selected under paragraph (2)(A), which shall include 
        information related to the maintainability, 
        reliability, performance, structural integrity, 
        efficiency, and noise of those low or no emission 
        vehicle components.
            ``(4) Public availability of assessments.--Each 
        assessment conducted at a facility selected under 
        paragraph (2)(A) shall be made publicly available, 
        including to affected industries.
            ``(5) Rule of construction.--Nothing in this 
        subsection shall be construed to require--
                    ``(A) a low or no emission vehicle 
                component to be tested at a facility selected 
                under paragraph (2)(A); or
                    ``(B) the development or disclosure of a 
                privately funded component assessment.''.
            (6) in subsection (f) (as so redesignated)--
                    (A) by striking ``(f)'' and all that 
                follows before paragraph (1) and inserting the 
                following:
    ``(g) Annual Report on Research.--Not later than the first 
Monday in February of each year, the Secretary shall make 
available to the public on the Web site of the Department of 
Transportation, a report that includes--''; and
                    (B) in paragraph (1) by adding ``and'' at 
                the end;
                    (C) in paragraph (2) by striking ``; and'' 
                and inserting a period; and
                    (D) by striking paragraph (3); and
            (7) by adding at the end the following:
    ``(i) Transit Cooperative Research Program.--
            ``(1) In general.--The amounts made available under 
        section 5338(a)(2)(G)(ii) are available for a public 
        transportation cooperative research program.
            ``(2) Independent governing board.--
                    ``(A) Establishment.--The Secretary shall 
                establish an independent governing board for 
                the program under this subsection.
                    ``(B) Recommendations.--The board shall 
                recommend public transportation research, 
                development, and technology transfer activities 
                the Secretary considers appropriate.
            ``(3) Federal assistance.--The Secretary may make 
        grants to, and enter into cooperative agreements with, 
        the National Academy of Sciences to carry out 
        activities under this subsection that the Secretary 
        considers appropriate.
            ``(4) Government share of costs.--If there would be 
        a clear and direct financial benefit to an entity under 
        a grant or contract financed under this subsection, the 
        Secretary shall establish a Government share consistent 
        with that benefit.
            ``(5) Limitation on applicability.--Subsections (f) 
        and (g) shall not apply to activities carried out under 
        this subsection.''.
    (b) Conforming Amendments.--Section 5312 of such title (as 
amended by subsection (a) of this section) is further amended--
            (1) in subsection (c)(1) by striking ``subsection 
        (a)(2)'' and inserting ``subsection (b)(2)'';
            (2) in subsection (d)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1) by striking 
                ``subsection (a)(2)'' and inserting 
                ``subsection (b)(2)''; and
                    (B) in paragraph (2)(A) by striking 
                ``subsection (b)'' and inserting ``subsection 
                (c)'';
            (3) in subsection (e)(2) in each of subparagraphs 
        (A) and (B) by striking ``subsection (a)(2)'' and 
        inserting ``subsection (b)(2)''; and
            (4) in subsection (f)(2) by striking ``subsection 
        (d)(4)'' and inserting ``subsection (e)(4)''.
    (c) Clerical Amendment.--The analysis for chapter 53 of 
such title is amended by striking the item relating to section 
5312 and inserting the following:

``5312. Public transportation innovation.''.

SEC. 3009. TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE AND WORKFORCE DEVELOPMENT.

    (a) In General.--Section 5314 of title 49, United States 
Code, is amended to read as follows:

``Sec. 5314. Technical assistance and workforce development

    ``(a) Technical Assistance and Standards.--
            ``(1) Technical assistance and standards 
        development.--
                    ``(A) In general.--The Secretary may make 
                grants and enter into contracts, cooperative 
                agreements, and other agreements (including 
                agreements with departments, agencies, and 
                instrumentalities of the Government) to carry 
                out activities that the Secretary determines 
                will assist recipients of assistance under this 
                chapter to--
                            ``(i) more effectively and 
                        efficiently provide public 
                        transportation service;
                            ``(ii) administer funds received 
                        under this chapter in compliance with 
                        Federal law; and
                            ``(iii) improve public 
                        transportation.
                    ``(B) Eligible activities.--The activities 
                carried out under subparagraph (A) may 
                include--
                            ``(i) technical assistance; and
                            ``(ii) the development of voluntary 
                        and consensus-based standards and best 
                        practices by the public transportation 
                        industry, including standards and best 
                        practices for safety, fare collection, 
                        intelligent transportation systems, 
                        accessibility, procurement, security, 
                        asset management to maintain a state of 
                        good repair, operations, maintenance, 
                        vehicle propulsion, communications, and 
                        vehicle electronics.
            ``(2) Technical assistance.--The Secretary, through 
        a competitive bid process, may enter into contracts, 
        cooperative agreements, and other agreements with 
        national nonprofit organizations that have the 
        appropriate demonstrated capacity to provide public-
        transportation-related technical assistance under this 
        subsection. The Secretary may enter into such 
        contracts, cooperative agreements, and other agreements 
        to assist providers of public transportation to--
                    ``(A) comply with the Americans with 
                Disabilities Act of 1990 (42 U.S.C. 12101 et 
                seq.) through technical assistance, 
                demonstration programs, research, public 
                education, and other activities related to 
                complying with such Act;
                    ``(B) comply with human services 
                transportation coordination requirements and to 
                enhance the coordination of Federal resources 
                for human services transportation with those of 
                the Department of Transportation through 
                technical assistance, training, and support 
                services related to complying with such 
                requirements;
                    ``(C) meet the transportation needs of 
                elderly individuals;
                    ``(D) increase transit ridership in 
                coordination with metropolitan planning 
                organizations and other entities through 
                development around public transportation 
                stations through technical assistance and the 
                development of tools, guidance, and analysis 
                related to market-based development around 
                transit stations;
                    ``(E) address transportation equity with 
                regard to the effect that transportation 
                planning, investment, and operations have for 
                low-income and minority individuals;
                    ``(F) facilitate best practices to promote 
                bus driver safety;
                    ``(G) meet the requirements of sections 
                5323(j) and 5323(m);
                    ``(H) assist with the development and 
                deployment of low or no emission vehicles (as 
                defined in section 5339(c)(1)) or low or no 
                emission vehicle components (as defined in 
                section 5312(h)(1)); and
                    ``(I) any other technical assistance 
                activity that the Secretary determines is 
                necessary to advance the interests of public 
                transportation.
            ``(3) Annual report on technical assistance.--Not 
        later than the first Monday in February of each year, 
        the Secretary shall submit to the Committee on Banking, 
        Housing, and Urban Affairs and the Committee on 
        Appropriations of the Senate and the Committee on 
        Transportation and Infrastructure, the Committee on 
        Science, Space, and Technology, and the Committee on 
        Appropriations of the House of Representatives a report 
        that includes--
                    ``(A) a description of each project that 
                received assistance under this subsection 
                during the preceding fiscal year;
                    ``(B) an evaluation of the activities 
                carried out by each organization that received 
                assistance under this subsection during the 
                preceding fiscal year;
                    ``(C) a proposal for allocations of amounts 
                for assistance under this subsection for the 
                subsequent fiscal year; and
                    ``(D) measurable outcomes and impacts of 
                the programs funded under subsections (b) and 
                (c).
            ``(4) Government share of costs.--
                    ``(A) In general.--The Government share of 
                the cost of an activity carried out using a 
                grant under this subsection may not exceed 80 
                percent.
                    ``(B) Non-government share.--The non-
                Government share of the cost of an activity 
                carried out using a grant under this subsection 
                may be derived from in-kind contributions.
    ``(b) Human Resources and Training.--
            ``(1) In general.--The Secretary may undertake, or 
        make grants and contracts for, programs that address 
        human resource needs as they apply to public 
        transportation activities. A program may include--
                    ``(A) an employment training program;
                    ``(B) an outreach program to increase 
                employment for veterans, females, individuals 
                with a disability, minorities (including 
                American Indians or Alaska Natives, Asian, 
                Black or African Americans, native Hawaiians or 
                other Pacific Islanders, and Hispanics) in 
                public transportation activities;
                    ``(C) research on public transportation 
                personnel and training needs;
                    ``(D) training and assistance for veteran 
                and minority business opportunities; and
                    ``(E) consensus-based national training 
                standards and certifications in partnership 
                with industry stakeholders.
            ``(2) Innovative public transportation frontline 
        workforce development program.--
                    ``(A) In general.--The Secretary shall 
                establish a competitive grant program to assist 
                the development of innovative activities 
                eligible for assistance under paragraph (1).
                    ``(B) Eligible programs.--A program 
                eligible for assistance under paragraph (1) 
                shall--
                            ``(i) develop apprenticeships, on-
                        the-job training, and instructional 
                        training for public transportation 
                        maintenance and operations occupations;
                            ``(ii) build local, regional, and 
                        statewide public transportation 
                        training partnerships with local public 
                        transportation operators, labor union 
                        organizations, workforce development 
                        boards, and State workforce agencies to 
                        identify and address workforce skill 
                        gaps;
                            ``(iii) improve safety, security, 
                        and emergency preparedness in local 
                        public transportation systems through 
                        improved safety culture and workforce 
                        communication with first responders and 
                        the riding public; and
                            ``(iv) address current or projected 
                        workforce shortages by developing 
                        partnerships with high schools, 
                        community colleges, and other community 
                        organizations.
                    ``(C) Selection of recipients.--To the 
                maximum extent feasible, the Secretary shall 
                select recipients that--
                            ``(i) are geographically diverse;
                            ``(ii) address the workforce and 
                        human resources needs of large public 
                        transportation providers;
                            ``(iii) address the workforce and 
                        human resources needs of small public 
                        transportation providers;
                            ``(iv) address the workforce and 
                        human resources needs of urban public 
                        transportation providers;
                            ``(v) address the workforce and 
                        human resources needs of rural public 
                        transportation providers;
                            ``(vi) advance training related to 
                        maintenance of low or no emission 
                        vehicles and facilities used in public 
                        transportation;
                            ``(vii) target areas with high 
                        rates of unemployment;
                            ``(viii) advance opportunities for 
                        minorities, women, veterans, 
                        individuals with disabilities, low-
                        income populations, and other 
                        underserved populations; and
                            ``(ix) address in-demand industry 
                        sector or occupation, as such term is 
                        defined in section 3 of the Workforce 
                        Innovation and Opportunity Act (29 
                        U.S.C. 3102).
                    ``(D) Program outcomes.--A recipient of 
                assistance under this subsection shall 
                demonstrate outcomes for any program that 
                includes skills training, on-the-job training, 
                and work-based learning, including--
                            ``(i) the impact on reducing public 
                        transportation workforce shortages in 
                        the area served;
                            ``(ii) the diversity of training 
                        participants;
                            ``(iii) the number of participants 
                        obtaining certifications or credentials 
                        required for specific types of 
                        employment;
                            ``(iv) employment outcomes, 
                        including job placement, job retention, 
                        and wages, using performance metrics 
                        established in consultation with the 
                        Secretary and the Secretary of Labor 
                        and consistent with metrics used by 
                        programs under the Workforce Innovation 
                        and Opportunity Act (29 U.S.C. 3101 et 
                        seq.); and
                            ``(v) to the extent practical, 
                        evidence that the program did not 
                        preclude workers who are participating 
                        in skills training, on-the-job 
                        training, and work-based learning from 
                        being referred to, or hired on, 
                        projects funded under this chapter 
                        without regard to the length of time of 
                        their participation in the program.
                    ``(E) Report to congress.--The Secretary 
                shall make publicly available a report on the 
                Frontline Workforce Development Program for 
                each fiscal year, not later than December 31 of 
                the calendar year in which that fiscal year 
                ends. The report shall include a detailed 
                description of activities carried out under 
                this paragraph, an evaluation of the program, 
                and policy recommendations to improve program 
                effectiveness.
            ``(3) Government's share of costs.--The Government 
        share of the cost of a project carried out using a 
        grant under paragraph (1) or (2) shall be 50 percent.
            ``(4) Availability of amounts.--Not more than 0.5 
        percent of amounts made available to a recipient under 
        sections 5307, 5337, and 5339 is available for 
        expenditures by the recipient, with the approval of the 
        Secretary, to pay not more than 80 percent of the cost 
        of eligible activities under this subsection.
    ``(c) National Transit Institute.--
            ``(1) Establishment.--The Secretary shall establish 
        a national transit institute and award grants to a 
        public 4-year degree-granting institution of higher 
        education, as defined in section 101(a) of the Higher 
        Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1001(a)), in order to 
        carry out the duties of the institute.
            ``(2) Duties.--
                    ``(A) In general.--In cooperation with the 
                Federal Transit Administration, State 
                transportation departments, public 
                transportation authorities, and national and 
                international entities, the institute 
                established under paragraph (1) shall develop 
                and conduct training and educational programs 
                for Federal, State, and local transportation 
                employees, United States citizens, and foreign 
                nationals engaged or to be engaged in 
                Government-aid public transportation work.
                    ``(B) Training and educational programs.--
                The training and educational programs developed 
                under subparagraph (A) may include courses in 
                recent developments, techniques, and procedures 
                related to--
                            ``(i) intermodal and public 
                        transportation planning;
                            ``(ii) management;
                            ``(iii) environmental factors;
                            ``(iv) acquisition and joint use 
                        rights-of-way;
                            ``(v) engineering and architectural 
                        design;
                            ``(vi) procurement strategies for 
                        public transportation systems;
                            ``(vii) turnkey approaches to 
                        delivering public transportation 
                        systems;
                            ``(viii) new technologies;
                            ``(ix) emission reduction 
                        technologies;
                            ``(x) ways to make public 
                        transportation accessible to 
                        individuals with disabilities;
                            ``(xi) construction, construction 
                        management, insurance, and risk 
                        management;
                            ``(xii) maintenance;
                            ``(xiii) contract administration;
                            ``(xiv) inspection;
                            ``(xv) innovative finance;
                            ``(xvi) workplace safety; and
                            ``(xvii) public transportation 
                        security.
            ``(3) Provision for education and training.--
        Education and training of Government, State, and local 
        transportation employees under this subsection shall be 
        provided--
                    ``(A) by the Secretary at no cost to the 
                States and local governments for subjects that 
                are a Government program responsibility; or
                    ``(B) when the education and training are 
                paid under paragraph (4), by the State, with 
                the approval of the Secretary, through grants 
                and contracts with public and private agencies, 
                other institutions, individuals, and the 
                institute.
            ``(4) Availability of amounts.--
                    ``(A) In general.--Not more than 0.5 
                percent of amounts made available to a 
                recipient under sections 5307, 5337, and 5339 
                is available for expenditures by the recipient, 
                with the approval of the Secretary, to pay not 
                more than 80 percent of the cost of eligible 
                activities under this subsection.
                    ``(B) Existing programs.--A recipient may 
                use amounts made available under subparagraph 
                (A) to carry out existing local education and 
                training programs for public transportation 
                employees supported by the Secretary, the 
                Department of Labor, or the Department of 
                Education.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The analysis for chapter 53 of 
such title is amended by striking the item relating to section 
5314 and inserting the following:

``5314. Technical assistance and workforce development.''.

SEC. 3010. PRIVATE SECTOR PARTICIPATION.

    (a) In General.--Section 5315 of title 49, United States 
Code, is amended by adding at the end the following:
    ``(d) Rule of Construction.--Nothing in this section shall 
be construed to alter--
            ``(1) the eligibilities, requirements, or 
        priorities for assistance provided under this chapter; 
        or
            ``(2) the requirements of section 5306(a).''.
    (b) MAP-21 Technical Correction.--Section 20013(d) of MAP-
21 (Public Law 112-141; 126 Stat. 694) is amended by striking 
``5307(c)'' and inserting ``5307(b)''.

SEC. 3011. GENERAL PROVISIONS.

    Section 5323 of title 49, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in subsection (h)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1), by striking ``or'' at 
                the end;
                    (B) by redesignating paragraph (2) as 
                paragraph (3); and
                    (C) by inserting after paragraph (1) the 
                following:
            ``(2) pay incremental costs of incorporating art or 
        non-functional landscaping into facilities, including 
        the costs of an artist on the design team; or'';
            (2) in subsection (j)--
                    (A) in paragraph (2), by striking 
                subparagraph (C) and inserting the following:
                    ``(C) when procuring rolling stock 
                (including train control, communication, 
                traction power equipment, and rolling stock 
                prototypes) under this chapter--
                            ``(i) the cost of components and 
                        subcomponents produced in the United 
                        States--
                                    ``(I) for fiscal years 2016 
                                and 2017, is more than 60 
                                percent of the cost of all 
                                components of the rolling 
                                stock;
                                    ``(II) for fiscal years 
                                2018 and 2019, is more than 65 
                                percent of the cost of all 
                                components of the rolling 
                                stock; and
                                    ``(III) for fiscal year 
                                2020 and each fiscal year 
                                thereafter, is more than 70 
                                percent of the cost of all 
                                components of the rolling 
                                stock; and
                            ``(ii) final assembly of the 
                        rolling stock has occurred in the 
                        United States; or'';
                    (B) by redesignating paragraphs (5) through 
                (9) as paragraphs (7) through (11), 
                respectively;
                    (C) by inserting after paragraph (4) the 
                following:
            ``(5) Rolling stock frames or car shells.--In 
        carrying out paragraph (2)(C) in the case of a rolling 
        stock procurement receiving assistance under this 
        chapter in which the average cost of a rolling stock 
        vehicle in the procurement is more than $300,000, if 
        rolling stock frames or car shells are not produced in 
        the United States, the Secretary shall include in the 
        calculation of the domestic content of the rolling 
        stock the cost of steel or iron that is produced in the 
        United States and used in the rolling stock frames or 
        car shells.
            ``(6) Certification of domestic supply and 
        disclosure.--
                    ``(A) Certification of domestic supply.--If 
                the Secretary denies an application for a 
                waiver under paragraph (2), the Secretary shall 
                provide to the applicant a written 
                certification that--
                            ``(i) the steel, iron, or 
                        manufactured goods, as applicable, 
                        (referred to in this subparagraph as 
                        the `item') is produced in the United 
                        States in a sufficient and reasonably 
                        available amount;
                            ``(ii) the item produced in the 
                        United States is of a satisfactory 
                        quality; and
                            ``(iii) includes a list of known 
                        manufacturers in the United States from 
                        which the item can be obtained.
                    ``(B) Disclosure.--The Secretary shall 
                disclose the waiver denial and the written 
                certification to the public in an easily 
                identifiable location on the website of the 
                Department of Transportation.'';
                    (D) in paragraph (8), as so redesignated, 
                by striking ``Federal Public Transportation Act 
                of 2012'' and inserting ``Federal Public 
                Transportation Act of 2015''; and
                    (E) by inserting after paragraph (11), as 
                so redesignated, the following:
            ``(12) Steel and iron.--For purposes of this 
        subsection, steel and iron meeting the requirements of 
        section 661.5(b) of title 49, Code of Federal 
        Regulations may be considered produced in the United 
        States.
            ``(13) Definition of small purchase.--For purposes 
        of determining whether a purchase qualifies for a 
        general public interest waiver under paragraph (2)(A) 
        of this subsection, including under any regulation 
        promulgated under that paragraph, the term `small 
        purchase' means a purchase of not more than 
        $150,000.'';
            (3) in subsection (q)(1), by striking the second 
        sentence; and
            (4) by adding at the end the following:
    ``(s) Value Capture Revenue Eligible for Local Share.--
Notwithstanding any other provision of law, a recipient of 
assistance under this chapter may use the revenue generated 
from value capture financing mechanisms as local matching funds 
for capital projects and operating costs eligible under this 
chapter.
    ``(t) Special Condition on Charter Bus Transportation 
Service.--If, in a fiscal year, the Secretary is prohibited by 
law from enforcing regulations related to charter bus service 
under part 604 of title 49, Code of Federal Regulations, for 
any transit agency that during fiscal year 2008 was both 
initially granted a 60-day period to come into compliance with 
such part 604, and then was subsequently granted an exception 
from such part--
            ``(1) the transit agency shall be precluded from 
        receiving its allocation of urbanized area formula 
        grant funds for such fiscal year; and
            ``(2) any amounts withheld pursuant to paragraph 
        (1) shall be added to the amount that the Secretary may 
        apportion under section 5336 in the following fiscal 
        year.''.

SEC. 3012. PROJECT MANAGEMENT OVERSIGHT.

    Section 5327 of title 49, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in subsection (c) by striking ``section 
        5338(i)'' and inserting section ``5338(f)'' ; and
            (2) in subsection (d)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1)--
                            (i) by striking ``section 5338(i)'' 
                        and inserting section 5338(f); and
                            (ii) by striking ``and'' at the 
                        end; and
                    (B) by striking paragraph (2) and inserting 
                the following:
            ``(2) a requirement that oversight--
                    ``(A) begin during the project development 
                phase of a project, unless the Secretary finds 
                it more appropriate to begin the oversight 
                during another phase of the project, to 
                maximize the transportation benefits and cost 
                savings associated with project management 
                oversight; and
                    ``(B) be limited to quarterly reviews of 
                compliance by the recipient with the project 
                management plan approved under subsection (b) 
                unless the Secretary finds that the recipient 
                requires more frequent oversight because the 
                recipient has failed to meet the requirements 
                of such plan and the project may be at risk of 
                going over budget or becoming behind schedule; 
                and
            ``(3) a process for recipients that the Secretary 
        has found require more frequent oversight to return to 
        quarterly reviews for purposes of paragraph (2)(B).''.

SEC. 3013. PUBLIC TRANSPORTATION SAFETY PROGRAM.

    Section 5329 of title 49, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in subsection (b)(2)--
                    (A) in subparagraph (C) by striking ``and'' 
                at the end;
                    (B) by redesignating subparagraph (D) as 
                subparagraph (E); and
                    (C) by inserting after subparagraph (C) the 
                following:
                    ``(D) minimum safety standards to ensure 
                the safe operation of public transportation 
                systems that--
                            ``(i) are not related to 
                        performance standards for public 
                        transportation vehicles developed under 
                        subparagraph (C); and
                            ``(ii) to the extent practicable, 
                        take into consideration--
                                    ``(I) relevant 
                                recommendations of the National 
                                Transportation Safety Board;
                                    ``(II) best practices 
                                standards developed by the 
                                public transportation industry;
                                    ``(III) any minimum safety 
                                standards or performance 
                                criteria being implemented 
                                across the public 
                                transportation industry;
                                    ``(IV) relevant 
                                recommendations from the report 
                                under section 3020 of the 
                                Federal Public Transportation 
                                Act of 2015; and
                                    ``(V) any additional 
                                information that the Secretary 
                                determines necessary and 
                                appropriate; and'';
            (2) in subsection (e)--
                    (A) by redesignating paragraphs (8) and (9) 
                as paragraphs (9) and (10), respectively; and
                    (B) by inserting after paragraph (7) the 
                following:
            ``(8) Federal safety management.--
                    ``(A) In general.--If the Secretary 
                determines that a State safety oversight 
                program is not being carried out in accordance 
                with this section, has become inadequate to 
                ensure the enforcement of Federal safety 
                regulation, or is incapable of providing 
                adequate safety oversight consistent with the 
                prevention of substantial risk of death, or 
                personal injury, the Secretary shall administer 
                the State safety oversight program until the 
                eligible State develops a State safety 
                oversight program certified by the Secretary in 
                accordance with this subsection.
                    ``(B) Temporary federal oversight.--In 
                making a determination under subparagraph (A), 
                the Secretary shall--
                            ``(i) transmit to the eligible 
                        State and affected recipient or 
                        recipients, a written explanation of 
                        the determination or subsequent 
                        finding, including any intention to 
                        withhold funding under this section, 
                        the amount of funds proposed to be 
                        withheld, and if applicable, a formal 
                        notice of a withdrawal of State safety 
                        oversight program approval; and
                            ``(ii) require the State to submit 
                        a State safety oversight program or 
                        modification for certification by the 
                        Secretary that meets the requirements 
                        of this subsection.
                    ``(C) Failure to correct.--If the Secretary 
                determines in accordance with subparagraph (A), 
                that a State safety oversight program or 
                modification required pursuant to subparagraph 
                (B)(ii), submitted by a State is not 
                sufficient, the Secretary may--
                            ``(i) withhold funds available 
                        under paragraph (6) in an amount 
                        determined by the Secretary;
                            ``(ii) beginning 1 year after the 
                        date of the determination, withhold not 
                        more than 5 percent of the amount 
                        required to be appropriated for use in 
                        a State or an urbanized area in the 
                        State under section 5307, until the 
                        State safety oversight program or 
                        modification has been certified; and
                            ``(iii) use any other authorities 
                        authorized under this chapter 
                        considered necessary and appropriate.
                    ``(D) Administrative and oversight 
                activities.--To carry out administrative and 
                oversight activities authorized by this 
                paragraph, the Secretary may use grant funds 
                apportioned to an eligible State, under 
                paragraph (6), to develop or carry out a State 
                safety oversight program.'';
            (3) in subsection (f)(2), by inserting ``or the 
        public transportation industry generally'' after 
        ``recipients'';
            (4) in subsection (g)(1)--
                    (A) in the matter preceding subparagraph 
                (A) by striking ``an eligible State, as defined 
                in subsection (e),'' and inserting ``a 
                recipient'';
                    (B) in subparagraph (C) by striking ``and'' 
                at the end;
                    (C) in subparagraph (D) by striking the 
                period at the end and inserting ``; and''; and
                    (D) by adding at the end the following:
                    ``(E) withholding not more than 25 percent 
                of financial assistance under section 5307.'';
            (5) in subsection (g)(2)(A)--
                    (A) by inserting after ``funds'' the 
                following: ``or withhold funds''; and
                    (B) by inserting ``or (1)(E)'' after 
                ``paragraph (1)(D)''; and
            (6) by striking subsection (h) and inserting the 
        following:
    ``(h) Restrictions and Prohibitions.--
            ``(1) Restrictions and prohibitions.--The Secretary 
        shall issue restrictions and prohibitions by whatever 
        means are determined necessary and appropriate, without 
        regard to section 5334(c), if, through testing, 
        inspection, investigation, audit, or research carried 
        out under this chapter, the Secretary determines that 
        an unsafe condition or practice, or a combination of 
        unsafe conditions and practices, exist such that there 
        is a substantial risk of death or personal injury.
            ``(2) Notice.--The notice of restriction or 
        prohibition shall describe the condition or practice, 
        the subsequent risk and the standards and procedures 
        required to address the restriction or prohibition.
            ``(3) Continued authority.--Nothing in this 
        subsection shall be construed as limiting the 
        Secretary's authority to maintain a restriction or 
        prohibition for as long as is necessary to ensure that 
        the risk has been substantially addressed.''.

SEC. 3014. APPORTIONMENTS.

    Section 5336 of title 49, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a) in the matter preceding 
        paragraph (1) by striking ``subsection (h)(4)'' and 
        inserting ``subsection (h)(5)'';
            (2) in subsection (b)(2)(E) by striking ``22.27 
        percent'' and inserting ``27 percent''; and
            (3) in subsection (h)--
                    (A) by striking paragraph (1) and inserting 
                the following:
            ``(1) $30,000,000 shall be set aside each fiscal 
        year to carry out section 5307(h);''; and
                    (B) by striking paragraph (3) and inserting 
                the following:
            ``(3) of amounts not apportioned under paragraphs 
        (1) and (2)--
                    ``(A) for fiscal years 2016 through 2018, 
                1.5 percent shall be apportioned to urbanized 
                areas with populations of less than 200,000 in 
                accordance with subsection (i); and
                    ``(B) for fiscal years 2019 and 2020, 2 
                percent shall be apportioned to urbanized areas 
                with populations of less than 200,000 in 
                accordance with subsection (i);''.

SEC. 3015. STATE OF GOOD REPAIR GRANTS.

    (a) In General.--Section 5337 of title 49, United States 
Code, is amended--
            (1) in subsection (c)(2)(B), by inserting ``the 
        provisions of'' before ``section 5336(b)(1)'';
            (2) in subsection (d)--
                    (A) in paragraph (2) by inserting 
                ``vehicle'' after ``motorbus''; and
                    (B) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(5) Use of funds.--Amounts apportioned under this 
        subsection may be used for any project that is an 
        eligible project under subsection (b)(1).''; and
            (3) by adding at the end the following:
    ``(e) Government Share of Costs.--
            ``(1) Capital projects.--A grant for a capital 
        project under this section shall be for 80 percent of 
        the net project cost of the project. The recipient may 
        provide additional local matching amounts.
            ``(2) Remaining costs.--The remainder of the net 
        project cost shall be provided--
                    ``(A) in cash from non-Government sources;
                    ``(B) from revenues derived from the sale 
                of advertising and concessions; or
                    ``(C) from an undistributed cash surplus, a 
                replacement or depreciation cash fund or 
                reserve, or new capital.''.
    (b) Conforming Amendments.--Section 5337 of such title is 
further amended--
            (1) in subsection (c)(1) by striking 
        ``5338(a)(2)(I)'' and inserting ``5338(a)(2)(K)''; and
            (2) in subsection (d)(2) by striking 
        ``5338(a)(2)(I)'' and inserting ``5338(a)(2)(K)''.

SEC. 3016. AUTHORIZATIONS.

    Section 5338 of title 49, United States Code, is amended to 
read as follows:

``SEC. 5338. AUTHORIZATIONS.

    ``(a) Grants.--
            ``(1) In general.--There shall be available from 
        the Mass Transit Account of the Highway Trust Fund to 
        carry out sections 5305, 5307, 5310, 5311, 5312, 5314, 
        5318, 5335, 5337, 5339, and 5340, section 20005(b) of 
        the Federal Public Transportation Act of 2012, and 
        sections 3006(b) of the Federal Public Transportation 
        Act of 2015--
                    ``(A) $9,347,604,639 for fiscal year 2016;
                    ``(B) $9,534,706,043 for fiscal year 2017;
                    ``(C) $9,733,353,407 for fiscal year 2018;
                    ``(D) $9,939,380,030 for fiscal year 2019; 
                and
                    ``(E) $10,150,348,462 for fiscal year 2020.
            ``(2) Allocation of funds.--Of the amounts made 
        available under paragraph (1)--
                    ``(A) $130,732,000 for fiscal year 2016, 
                $133,398,933 for fiscal year 2017, $136,200,310 
                for fiscal year 2018, $139,087,757 for fiscal 
                year 2019, and $142,036,417 for fiscal year 
                2020, shall be available to carry out section 
                5305;
                    ``(B) $10,000,000 for each of fiscal years 
                2016 through 2020 shall be available to carry 
                out section 20005(b) of the Federal Public 
                Transportation Act of 2012;
                    ``(C) $4,538,905,700 for fiscal year 2016, 
                $4,629,683,814 for fiscal year 2017, 
                $4,726,907,174 for fiscal year 2018, 
                $4,827,117,606 for fiscal year 2019, and 
                $4,929,452,499 for fiscal year 2020 shall be 
                allocated in accordance with section 5336 to 
                provide financial assistance for urbanized 
                areas under section 5307;
                    ``(D) $262,949,400 for fiscal year 2016, 
                $268,208,388 for fiscal year 2017, $273,840,764 
                for fiscal year 2018, $279,646,188 for fiscal 
                year 2019, and $285,574,688 for fiscal year 
                2020 shall be available to provide financial 
                assistance for services for the enhanced 
                mobility of seniors and individuals with 
                disabilities under section 5310;
                    ``(E) $2,000,000 for fiscal year 2016, 
                $3,000,000 for fiscal year 2017, $3,250,000 for 
                fiscal year 2018, $3,500,000 for fiscal year 
                2019 and $3,500,000 for fiscal year 2020 shall 
                be available for the pilot program for 
                innovative coordinated access and mobility 
                under section 3006(b) of the Federal Public 
                Transportation Act of 2015;
                    ``(F) $619,956,000 for fiscal year 2016, 
                $632,355,120 for fiscal year 2017, $645,634,578 
                for fiscal year 2018, $659,322,031 for fiscal 
                year 2019, and $673,299,658 for fiscal year 
                2020 shall be available to provide financial 
                assistance for rural areas under section 5311, 
                of which not less than--
                            ``(i) $35,000,000 for each of 
                        fiscal years 2016 through 2020 shall be 
                        available to carry out section 
                        5311(c)(1); and
                            ``(ii) $20,000,000 for each of 
                        fiscal years 2016 through 2020 shall be 
                        available to carry out section 
                        5311(c)(2);
                    ``(G) $28,000,000 for each of fiscal years 
                2016 through 2020 shall be available to carry 
                out section 5312, of which--
                            ``(i) $3,000,000 for each of fiscal 
                        years 2016 through 2020 shall be 
                        available to carry out section 5312(h); 
                        and
                            ``(ii) $5,000,000 for each of 
                        fiscal years 2016 through 2020 shall be 
                        available to carry out section 5312(i);
                    ``(H) $9,000,000 for each of fiscal years 
                2016 through 2020 shall be available to carry 
                out section 5314; of which $5,000,000 shall be 
                available for the national transit institute 
                under section 5314(c);
                    ``(I) $3,000,000 for each of fiscal years 
                2016 through 2020 shall be available for bus 
                testing under section 5318;
                    ``(J) $4,000,000 for each of fiscal years 
                2016 through 2020 shall be available to carry 
                out section 5335;
                    ``(K) $2,507,000,000 for fiscal year 2016, 
                $2,549,670,000 for fiscal year 2017, 
                $2,593,703,558 for fiscal year 2018, 
                $2,638,366,859 for fiscal year 2019, and 
                $2,683,798,369 for fiscal year 2020 shall be 
                available to carry out section 5337;
                    ``(L) $427,800,000 for fiscal year 2016, 
                $436,356,000 for fiscal year 2017, $445,519,476 
                for fiscal year 2018, $454,964,489 for fiscal 
                year 2019, and $464,609,736 for fiscal year 
                2020 shall be available for the bus and buses 
                facilities program under section 5339(a);
                    ``(M) $268,000,000 for fiscal year 2016, 
                $283,600,000 for fiscal year 2017, $301,514,000 
                for fiscal year 2018, $322,059,980 for fiscal 
                year 2019, and $344,044,179 for fiscal year 
                2020 shall be available for buses and bus 
                facilities competitive grants under section 
                5339(b) and no or low emission grants under 
                section 5339(c), of which $55,000,000 for each 
                of fiscal years 2016 through 2020 shall be 
                available to carry out section 5339(c); and
                    ``(N) $536,261,539 for fiscal year 2016, 
                $544,433,788 for fiscal year 2017, $552,783,547 
                for fiscal year 2018, $561,315,120 for fiscal 
                year 2019 and $570,032,917 for fiscal year 
                2020, to carry out section 5340 to provide 
                financial assistance for urbanized areas under 
                section 5307 and rural areas under section 
                5311, of which--
                            ``(i) $272,297,083 for fiscal year 
                        2016, $279,129,510 for fiscal year 
                        2017, $286,132,747 for fiscal year 
                        2018, $293,311,066 for fiscal year 
                        2019, $300,668,843 for fiscal year 2020 
                        shall be for growing States under 
                        section 5340(c); and
                            ``(ii) $263,964,457 for fiscal year 
                        2016, $265,304,279 for fiscal year 
                        2017, $266,650,800 for fiscal year 
                        2018, $268,004,054 for fiscal year 
                        2019, $269,364,074 for fiscal year 2020 
                        shall be for high density States under 
                        section 5340(d).
    ``(b) Research, Development, Demonstration, and Deployment 
Program.--There are authorized to be appropriated to carry out 
section 5312, other than subsections (h) and (i) of that 
section, $20,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2016 through 
2020.
    ``(c) Technical Assistance and Training.--There are 
authorized to be appropriated to carry out section 5314, 
$5,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2016 through 2020.
    ``(d) Capital Investment Grants.--There are authorized to 
be appropriated to carry out section 5309 of this title and 
section 3005(b) of the Federal Public Transportation Act of 
2015, $2,301,785,760 for each of fiscal years 2016 through 
2020.
    ``(e) Administration.--
            ``(1) In general.--There are authorized to be 
        appropriated to carry out section 5334, $115,016,543 
        for each of fiscal years 2016 through 2020.
            ``(2) Section 5329.--Of the amounts authorized to 
        be appropriated under paragraph (1), not less than 
        $5,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2016 through 2020 
        shall be available to carry out section 5329.
            ``(3) Section 5326.--Of the amounts made available 
        under paragraph (2), not less than $2,000,000 for each 
        of fiscal years 2016 through 2020 shall be available to 
        carry out section 5326.
    ``(f) Oversight.--
            ``(1) In general.--Of the amounts made available to 
        carry out this chapter for a fiscal year, the Secretary 
        may use not more than the following amounts for the 
        activities described in paragraph (2):
                    ``(A) 0.5 percent of amounts made available 
                to carry out section 5305.
                    ``(B) 0.75 percent of amounts made 
                available to carry out section 5307.
                    ``(C) 1 percent of amounts made available 
                to carry out section 5309.
                    ``(D) 1 percent of amounts made available 
                to carry out section 601 of the Passenger Rail 
                Investment and Improvement Act of 2008 (Public 
                Law 110-432; 126 Stat. 4968).
                    ``(E) 0.5 percent of amounts made available 
                to carry out section 5310.
                    ``(F) 0.5 percent of amounts made available 
                to carry out section 5311.
                    ``(G) 1 percent of amounts made available 
                to carry out section 5337, of which not less 
                than 0.25 percent of amounts made available for 
                this subparagraph shall be available to carry 
                out section 5329.
                    ``(H) 0.75 percent of amounts made 
                available to carry out section 5339.
            ``(2) Activities.--The activities described in this 
        paragraph are as follows:
                    ``(A) Activities to oversee the 
                construction of a major capital project.
                    ``(B) Activities to review and audit the 
                safety and security, procurement, management, 
                and financial compliance of a recipient or 
                subrecipient of funds under this chapter.
                    ``(C) Activities to provide technical 
                assistance generally, and to provide technical 
                assistance to correct deficiencies identified 
                in compliance reviews and audits carried out 
                under this section.
            ``(3) Government share of costs.--The Government 
        shall pay the entire cost of carrying out a contract 
        under this subsection.
            ``(4) Availability of certain funds.--Funds made 
        available under paragraph (1)(C) shall be made 
        available to the Secretary before allocating the funds 
        appropriated to carry out any project under a full 
        funding grant agreement.
    ``(g) Grants as Contractual Obligations.--
            ``(1) Grants financed from highway trust fund.--A 
        grant or contract that is approved by the Secretary and 
        financed with amounts made available from the Mass 
        Transit Account of the Highway Trust Fund pursuant to 
        this section is a contractual obligation of the 
        Government to pay the Government share of the cost of 
        the project.
            ``(2) Grants financed from general fund.--A grant 
        or contract that is approved by the Secretary and 
        financed with amounts appropriated in advance from the 
        General Fund of the Treasury pursuant to this section 
        is a contractual obligation of the Government to pay 
        the Government share of the cost of the project only to 
        the extent that amounts are appropriated for such 
        purpose by an Act of Congress.
    ``(h) Availability of Amounts.--Amounts made available by 
or appropriated under this section shall remain available until 
expended.''.

SEC. 3017. GRANTS FOR BUSES AND BUS FACILITIES.

    (a) In General.--Section 5339 of title 49, United States 
Code, is amended to read as follows:

``Sec. 5339. Grants for buses and bus facilities

    ``(a) Formula Grants.--
            ``(1) Definitions.--In this subsection--
                    ``(A) the term `low or no emission vehicle' 
                has the meaning given that term in subsection 
                (c)(1);
                    ``(B) the term `State' means a State of the 
                United States; and
                    ``(C) the term `territory' means the 
                District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, the Northern 
                Mariana Islands, Guam, American Samoa, and the 
                United States Virgin Islands.
            ``(2) General authority.--The Secretary may make 
        grants under this subsection to assist eligible 
        recipients described in paragraph (4)(A) in financing 
        capital projects--
                    ``(A) to replace, rehabilitate, and 
                purchase buses and related equipment, including 
                technological changes or innovations to modify 
                low or no emission vehicles or facilities; and
                    ``(B) to construct bus-related facilities.
            ``(3) Grant requirements.--The requirements of--
                    ``(A) section 5307 shall apply to 
                recipients of grants made in urbanized areas 
                under this subsection; and
                    ``(B) section 5311 shall apply to 
                recipients of grants made in rural areas under 
                this subsection.
            ``(4) Eligible recipients.--
                    ``(A) Recipients.--Eligible recipients 
                under this subsection are--
                            ``(i) designated recipients that 
                        allocate funds to fixed route bus 
                        operators; or
                            ``(ii) State or local governmental 
                        entities that operate fixed route bus 
                        service.
                    ``(B) Subrecipients.--A recipient that 
                receives a grant under this subsection may 
                allocate amounts of the grant to subrecipients 
                that are public agencies or private nonprofit 
                organizations engaged in public transportation.
            ``(5) Distribution of grant funds.--Funds allocated 
        under section 5338(a)(2)(L) shall be distributed as 
        follows:
                    ``(A) National distribution.--$90,500,000 
                for each of fiscal years 2016 through 2020 
                shall be allocated to all States and 
                territories, with each State receiving 
                $1,750,000 for each such fiscal year and each 
                territory receiving $500,000 for each such 
                fiscal year.
                    ``(B) Distribution using population and 
                service factors.--The remainder of the funds 
                not otherwise distributed under subparagraph 
                (A) shall be allocated pursuant to the formula 
                set forth in section 5336 other than subsection 
                (b).
            ``(6) Transfers of apportionments.--
                    ``(A) Transfer flexibility for national 
                distribution funds.--The Governor of a State 
                may transfer any part of the State's 
                apportionment under paragraph (5)(A) to 
                supplement amounts apportioned to the State 
                under section 5311(c) or amounts apportioned to 
                urbanized areas under subsections (a) and (c) 
                of section 5336.
                    ``(B) Transfer flexibility for population 
                and service factors funds.--The Governor of a 
                State may expend in an urbanized area with a 
                population of less than 200,000 any amounts 
                apportioned under paragraph (5)(B) that are not 
                allocated to designated recipients in urbanized 
                areas with a population of 200,000 or more.
            ``(7) Government share of costs.--
                    ``(A) Capital projects.--A grant for a 
                capital project under this subsection shall be 
                for 80 percent of the net capital costs of the 
                project. A recipient of a grant under this 
                subsection may provide additional local 
                matching amounts.
                    ``(B) Remaining costs.--The remainder of 
                the net project cost shall be provided--
                            ``(i) in cash from non-Government 
                        sources other than revenues from 
                        providing public transportation 
                        services;
                            ``(ii) from revenues derived from 
                        the sale of advertising and 
                        concessions;
                            ``(iii) from an undistributed cash 
                        surplus, a replacement or depreciation 
                        cash fund or reserve, or new capital;
                            ``(iv) from amounts received under 
                        a service agreement with a State or 
                        local social service agency or private 
                        social service organization; or
                            ``(v) from revenues generated from 
                        value capture financing mechanisms.
            ``(8) Period of availability to recipients.--
        Amounts made available under this subsection may be 
        obligated by a recipient for 3 fiscal years after the 
        fiscal year in which the amount is apportioned. Not 
        later than 30 days after the end of the 3-fiscal-year 
        period described in the preceding sentence, any amount 
        that is not obligated on the last day of such period 
        shall be added to the amount that may be apportioned 
        under this subsection in the next fiscal year.
            ``(9) Pilot program for cost-effective capital 
        investment.--
                    ``(A) In general.--For each of fiscal years 
                2016 through 2020, the Secretary shall carry 
                out a pilot program under which an eligible 
                recipient (as described in paragraph (4)) in an 
                urbanized area with population of not less than 
                200,000 and not more than 999,999 may elect to 
                participate in a State pool in accordance with 
                this paragraph.
                    ``(B) Purpose of state pools.--The purpose 
                of a State pool shall be to allow for transfers 
                of formula grant funds made available under 
                this subsection among the designated recipients 
                participating in the State pool in a manner 
                that supports the transit asset management 
                plans of the designated recipients under 
                section 5326.
                    ``(C) Requests for participation.--A State, 
                and eligible recipients in the State described 
                in subparagraph (A), may submit to the 
                Secretary a request for participation in the 
                program under procedures to be established by 
                the Secretary. An eligible recipient for a 
                multistate area may participate in only 1 State 
                pool.
                    ``(D) Allocations to participating 
                states.--For each fiscal year, the Secretary 
                shall allocate to each State participating in 
                the program the total amount of funds that 
                otherwise would be allocated to the urbanized 
                areas of the eligible recipients participating 
                in the State's pool for that fiscal year 
                pursuant to the formulas referred to in 
                paragraph (5).
                    ``(E) Allocations to eligible recipients in 
                state pools.--A State shall distribute the 
                amount that is allocated to the State for a 
                fiscal year under subparagraph (D) among the 
                eligible recipients participating in the 
                State's pool in a manner that supports the 
                transit asset management plans of the 
                recipients under section 5326.
                    ``(F) Allocation plans.--A State 
                participating in the program shall develop an 
                allocation plan for the period of fiscal years 
                2016 through 2020 to ensure that an eligible 
                recipient participating in the State's pool 
                receives under the program an amount of funds 
                that equals the amount of funds that would have 
                otherwise been available to the eligible 
                recipient for that period pursuant to the 
                formulas referred to in paragraph (5).
                    ``(G) Grants.--The Secretary shall make 
                grants under this subsection for a fiscal year 
                to an eligible recipient participating in a 
                State pool following notification by the State 
                of the allocation amount determined under 
                subparagraph (E).
    ``(b) Buses and Bus Facilities Competitive Grants.--
            ``(1) In general.--The Secretary may make grants 
        under this subsection to eligible recipients (as 
        described in subsection (a)(4)) to assist in the 
        financing of buses and bus facilities capital projects, 
        including--
                    ``(A) replacing, rehabilitating, 
                purchasing, or leasing buses or related 
                equipment; and
                    ``(B) rehabilitating, purchasing, 
                constructing, or leasing bus-related 
                facilities.
            ``(2) Grant considerations.--In making grants under 
        this subsection, the Secretary shall consider the age 
        and condition of buses, bus fleets, related equipment, 
        and bus-related facilities.
            ``(3) Statewide applications.--A State may submit a 
        statewide application on behalf of a public agency or 
        private nonprofit organization engaged in public 
        transportation in rural areas or other areas for which 
        the State allocates funds. The submission of a 
        statewide application shall not preclude the submission 
        and consideration of any application under this 
        subsection from other eligible recipients (as described 
        in subsection (a)(4)) in an urbanized area in a State.
            ``(4) Requirements for the secretary.--The 
        Secretary shall--
                    ``(A) disclose all metrics and evaluation 
                procedures to be used in considering grant 
                applications under this subsection upon 
                issuance of the notice of funding availability 
                in the Federal Register; and
                    ``(B) publish a summary of final scores for 
                selected projects, metrics, and other 
                evaluations used in awarding grants under this 
                subsection in the Federal Register.
            ``(5) Rural projects.--Not less than 10 percent of 
        the amounts made available under this subsection in a 
        fiscal year shall be distributed to projects in rural 
        areas.
            ``(6) Grant requirements.--
                    ``(A) In general.--A grant under this 
                subsection shall be subject to the requirements 
                of--
                            ``(i) section 5307 for eligible 
                        recipients of grants made in urbanized 
                        areas; and
                            ``(ii) section 5311 for eligible 
                        recipients of grants made in rural 
                        areas.
                    ``(B) Government share of costs.--The 
                Government share of the cost of an eligible 
                project carried out under this subsection shall 
                not exceed 80 percent.
            ``(7) Availability of funds.--Any amounts made 
        available to carry out this subsection--
                    ``(A) shall remain available for 3 fiscal 
                years after the fiscal year for which the 
                amount is made available; and
                    ``(B) that remain unobligated at the end of 
                the period described in subparagraph (A) shall 
                be added to the amount made available to an 
                eligible project in the following fiscal year.
            ``(8) Limitation.--Of the amounts made available 
        under this subsection, not more than 10 percent may be 
        awarded to a single grantee.
    ``(c) Low or No Emission Grants.--
            ``(1) Definitions.--In this subsection--
                    ``(A) the term `direct carbon emissions' 
                means the quantity of direct greenhouse gas 
                emissions from a vehicle, as determined by the 
                Administrator of the Environmental Protection 
                Agency;
                    ``(B) the term `eligible project' means a 
                project or program of projects in an eligible 
                area for--
                            ``(i) acquiring low or no emission 
                        vehicles;
                            ``(ii) leasing low or no emission 
                        vehicles;
                            ``(iii) acquiring low or no 
                        emission vehicles with a leased power 
                        source;
                            ``(iv) constructing facilities and 
                        related equipment for low or no 
                        emission vehicles;
                            ``(v) leasing facilities and 
                        related equipment for low or no 
                        emission vehicles;
                            ``(vi) constructing new public 
                        transportation facilities to 
                        accommodate low or no emission 
                        vehicles; or
                            ``(vii) rehabilitating or improving 
                        existing public transportation 
                        facilities to accommodate low or no 
                        emission vehicles;
                    ``(C) the term `leased power source' means 
                a removable power source, as defined in 
                subsection (c)(3) of section 3019 of the 
                Federal Public Transportation Act of 2015 that 
                is made available through a capital lease under 
                such section;
                    ``(D) the term `low or no emission bus' 
                means a bus that is a low or no emission 
                vehicle;
                    ``(E) the term `low or no emission vehicle' 
                means--
                            ``(i) a passenger vehicle used to 
                        provide public transportation that the 
                        Secretary determines sufficiently 
                        reduces energy consumption or harmful 
                        emissions, including direct carbon 
                        emissions, when compared to a 
                        comparable standard vehicle; or
                            ``(ii) a zero emission vehicle used 
                        to provide public transportation;
                    ``(F) the term `recipient' means a 
                designated recipient, a local governmental 
                authority, or a State that receives a grant 
                under this subsection for an eligible project; 
                and
                    ``(G) the term `zero emission vehicle' 
                means a low or no emission vehicle that 
                produces no carbon or particulate matter.
            ``(2) General authority.--The Secretary may make 
        grants to recipients to finance eligible projects under 
        this subsection.
            ``(3) Grant requirements.--
                    ``(A) In general.--A grant under this 
                subsection shall be subject to the requirements 
                of section 5307.
                    ``(B) Government share of costs for certain 
                projects.--Section 5323(i) applies to eligible 
                projects carried out under this subsection, 
                unless the recipient requests a lower grant 
                percentage.
                    ``(C) Combination of funding sources.--
                            ``(i) Combination permitted.--An 
                        eligible project carried out under this 
                        subsection may receive funding under 
                        section 5307 or any other provision of 
                        law.
                            ``(ii) Government share.--Nothing 
                        in this subparagraph shall be construed 
                        to alter the Government share required 
                        under paragraph (7), section 5307, or 
                        any other provision of law.
            ``(4) Competitive process.--The Secretary shall--
                    ``(A) not later than 30 days after the date 
                on which amounts are made available for 
                obligation under this subsection for a full 
                fiscal year, solicit grant applications for 
                eligible projects on a competitive basis; and
                    ``(B) award a grant under this subsection 
                based on the solicitation under subparagraph 
                (A) not later than the earlier of--
                            ``(i) 75 days after the date on 
                        which the solicitation expires; or
                            ``(ii) the end of the fiscal year 
                        in which the Secretary solicited the 
                        grant applications.
            ``(5) Consideration.--In awarding grants under this 
        subsection, the Secretary shall only consider eligible 
        projects relating to the acquisition or leasing of low 
        or no emission buses or bus facilities that--
                    ``(A) make greater reductions in energy 
                consumption and harmful emissions, including 
                direct carbon emissions, than comparable 
                standard buses or other low or no emission 
                buses; and
                    ``(B) are part of a long-term integrated 
                fleet management plan for the recipient.
            ``(6) Availability of funds.--Any amounts made 
        available to carry out this subsection--
                    ``(A) shall remain available to an eligible 
                project for 3 fiscal years after the fiscal 
                year for which the amount is made available; 
                and
                    ``(B) that remain unobligated at the end of 
                the period described in subparagraph (A) shall 
                be added to the amount made available to an 
                eligible project in the following fiscal year.
            ``(7) Government share of costs.--
                    ``(A) In general.--The Federal share of the 
                cost of an eligible project carried out under 
                this subsection shall not exceed 80 percent.
                    ``(B) Non-federal share.--The non-Federal 
                share of the cost of an eligible project 
                carried out under this subsection may be 
                derived from in-kind contributions.''.
    (b) Technical and Conforming Amendment.--The analysis for 
chapter 53 of title 49, United States Code, is amended by 
striking the item relating to section 5339 and inserting the 
following:

``5339. Grants for buses and bus facilities.''.

SEC. 3018. OBLIGATION CEILING.

    Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the total of 
all obligations from amounts made available from the Mass 
Transit Account of the Highway Trust Fund by subsection (a) of 
section 5338 of title 49, United States Code, and section 3028 
of the Federal Public Transportation Act of 2015 shall not 
exceed--
            (1) $9,347,604,639 in fiscal year 2016;
            (2) $9,733,706,043 in fiscal year 2017;
            (3) $9,733,353,407 in fiscal year 2018;
            (4) $9,939,380,030 in fiscal year 2019; and
            (5) $10,150,348,462 in fiscal year 2020.

SEC. 3019. INNOVATIVE PROCUREMENT.

    (a) Definition.--In this section, the term ``grantee'' 
means a recipient or subrecipient of assistance under chapter 
53 of title 49, United States Code.
    (b) Cooperative Procurement.--
            (1) Definitions; general rules.--
                    (A) Definitions.--In this subsection--
                            (i) the term ``cooperative 
                        procurement contract'' means a 
                        contract--
                                    (I) entered into between a 
                                State government or eligible 
                                nonprofit entity and 1 or more 
                                vendors; and
                                    (II) under which the 
                                vendors agree to provide an 
                                option to purchase rolling 
                                stock and related equipment to 
                                multiple participants;
                            (ii) the term ``eligible nonprofit 
                        entity'' means--
                                    (I) a nonprofit cooperative 
                                purchasing organization that is 
                                not a grantee; or
                                    (II) a consortium of 
                                entities described in subclause 
                                (I);
                            (iii) the terms ``lead nonprofit 
                        entity'' and ``lead procurement 
                        agency'' mean an eligible nonprofit 
                        entity or a State government, 
                        respectively, that acts in an 
                        administrative capacity on behalf of 
                        each participant in a cooperative 
                        procurement contract;
                            (iv) the term ``participant'' means 
                        a grantee that participates in a 
                        cooperative procurement contract; and
                            (v) the term ``participate'' means 
                        to purchase rolling stock and related 
                        equipment under a cooperative 
                        procurement contract using assistance 
                        provided under chapter 53 of title 49, 
                        United States Code.
                    (B) General rules.--
                            (i) Procurement not limited to 
                        intrastate participants.--A grantee may 
                        participate in a cooperative 
                        procurement contract without regard to 
                        whether the grantee is located in the 
                        same State as the parties to the 
                        contract.
                            (ii) Voluntary participation.--
                        Participation by grantees in a 
                        cooperative procurement contract shall 
                        be voluntary.
                            (iii) Contract terms.--The lead 
                        procurement agency or lead nonprofit 
                        entity for a cooperative procurement 
                        contract shall develop the terms of the 
                        contract.
                            (iv) Duration.--A cooperative 
                        procurement contract--
                                    (I) subject to subclauses 
                                (II) and (III), may be for an 
                                initial term of not more than 2 
                                years;
                                    (II) may include not more 
                                than 3 optional extensions for 
                                terms of not more than 1 year 
                                each; and
                                    (III) may be in effect for 
                                a total period of not more than 
                                5 years, including each 
                                extension authorized under 
                                subclause (II).
                            (v) Administrative expenses.--A 
                        lead procurement agency or lead 
                        nonprofit entity, as applicable, that 
                        enters into a cooperative procurement 
                        contract--
                                    (I) may charge the 
                                participants in the contract 
                                for the cost of administering, 
                                planning, and providing 
                                technical assistance for the 
                                contract in an amount that is 
                                not more than 1 percent of the 
                                total value of the contract; 
                                and
                                    (II) with respect to the 
                                cost described in subclause 
                                (I), may incorporate the cost 
                                into the price of the contract 
                                or directly charge the 
                                participants for the cost, but 
                                not both.
            (2) State cooperative procurement schedules.--
                    (A) Authority.--A State government may 
                enter into a cooperative procurement contract 
                with 1 or more vendors if--
                            (i) the vendors agree to provide an 
                        option to purchase rolling stock and 
                        related equipment to the State 
                        government and any other participant; 
                        and
                            (ii) the State government acts 
                        throughout the term of the contract as 
                        the lead procurement agency.
                    (B) Applicability of policies and 
                procedures.--In procuring rolling stock and 
                related equipment under a cooperative 
                procurement contract under this subsection, a 
                State government shall comply with the policies 
                and procedures that apply to procurement by the 
                State government when using non-Federal funds, 
                to the extent that the policies and procedures 
                are in conformance with applicable Federal law.
            (3) Pilot program for nonprofit cooperative 
        procurements.--
                    (A) Establishment.--The Secretary shall 
                establish and carry out a pilot program to 
                demonstrate the effectiveness of cooperative 
                procurement contracts administered by eligible 
                nonprofit entities.
                    (B) Designation.--In carrying out the 
                program under this paragraph, the Secretary 
                shall designate not less than 3 eligible 
                nonprofit entities to enter into a cooperative 
                procurement contract under which the eligible 
                nonprofit entity acts throughout the term of 
                the contract as the lead nonprofit entity.
                    (C) Notice of intent to participate.--At a 
                time determined appropriate by the lead 
                nonprofit entity, each participant in a 
                cooperative procurement contract under this 
                paragraph shall submit to the lead nonprofit 
                entity a nonbinding notice of intent to 
                participate.
            (4) Joint procurement clearinghouse.--
                    (A) In general.--The Secretary shall 
                establish a clearinghouse for the purpose of 
                allowing grantees to aggregate planned rolling 
                stock purchases and identify joint procurement 
                participants.
                    (B) Nonprofit consultation.--In 
                establishing the clearinghouse under 
                subparagraph (A), the Secretary may consult 
                with nonprofit entities with expertise in 
                public transportation or procurement, and other 
                stakeholders as the Secretary determines 
                appropriate.
                    (C) Information on procurements.--The 
                clearinghouse may include information on bus 
                size, engine type, floor type, and any other 
                attributes necessary to identify joint 
                procurement participants.
                    (D) Limitations.--
                            (i) Access.--The clearinghouse 
                        shall only be accessible to the Federal 
                        Transit Administration, a nonprofit 
                        entity coordinating for such 
                        clearinghouse with the Secretary, and 
                        grantees.
                            (ii) Participation.--No grantee 
                        shall be required to submit procurement 
                        information to the database.
    (c) Leasing Arrangements.--
            (1) Capital lease defined.--
                    (A) In general.--In this subsection, the 
                term ``capital lease'' means any agreement 
                under which a grantee acquires the right to use 
                rolling stock or related equipment for a 
                specified period of time, in exchange for a 
                periodic payment.
                    (B) Maintenance.--A capital lease may 
                require that the lessor provide maintenance of 
                the rolling stock or related equipment covered 
                by the lease.
            (2) Program to support innovative leasing 
        arrangements.--
                    (A) Authority.--A grantee may use 
                assistance provided under chapter 53 of title 
                49, United States Code, to enter into a capital 
                lease if--
                            (i) the rolling stock or related 
                        equipment covered under the lease is 
                        eligible for capital assistance under 
                        such chapter; and
                            (ii) there is or will be no Federal 
                        interest in the rolling stock or 
                        related equipment covered under the 
                        lease as of the date on which the lease 
                        takes effect.
                    (B) Grantee requirements.--A grantee that 
                enters into a capital lease shall--
                            (i) maintain an inventory of the 
                        rolling stock or related equipment 
                        acquired under the lease; and
                            (ii) maintain on the accounting 
                        records of the grantee the liability of 
                        the grantee under the lease.
                    (C) Eligible lease costs.--The costs for 
                which a grantee may use assistance under 
                chapter 53 of title 49, United States Code, 
                with respect to a capital lease, include--
                            (i) the cost of the rolling stock 
                        or related equipment;
                            (ii) associated financing costs, 
                        including interest, legal fees, and 
                        financial advisor fees;
                            (iii) ancillary costs such as 
                        delivery and installation charges; and
                            (iv) maintenance costs.
                    (D) Terms.--A grantee shall negotiate the 
                terms of any lease agreement that the grantee 
                enters into.
                    (E) Applicability of procurement 
                requirements.--
                            (i) Lease requirements.--Part 639 
                        of title 49, Code of Federal 
                        Regulations, or any successor 
                        regulation, and implementing guidance 
                        applicable to leasing shall not apply 
                        to a capital lease.
                            (ii) Buy america.--The requirements 
                        under section 5323(j) of title 49, 
                        United States Code, shall apply to a 
                        capital lease.
            (3) Capital leasing of certain zero emission 
        vehicle components.--
                    (A) Definitions.--In this paragraph--
                            (i) the term ``removable power 
                        source''--
                                    (I) means a power source 
                                that is separately installed 
                                in, and removable from, a zero 
                                emission vehicle; and
                                    (II) may include a battery, 
                                a fuel cell, an ultra-
                                capacitor, or other advanced 
                                power source used in a zero 
                                emission vehicle; and
                            (ii) the term ``zero emission 
                        vehicle'' has the meaning given the 
                        term in section 5339(c) of title 49, 
                        United States Code.
                    (B) Leased power sources.--Notwithstanding 
                any other provision of law, for purposes of 
                this subsection, the cost of a removable power 
                source that is necessary for the operation of a 
                zero emission vehicle shall not be treated as 
                part of the cost of the vehicle if the 
                removable power source is acquired using a 
                capital lease.
                    (C) Eligible capital lease.--A grantee may 
                acquire a removable power source by itself 
                through a capital lease.
                    (D) Procurement regulations.--For purposes 
                of this section, a removable power source shall 
                be subject to section 200.88 of title 2, Code 
                of Federal Regulations.
            (4) Reporting requirement.--Not later than 3 years 
        after the date on which a grantee enters into a capital 
        lease under this subsection, the grantee shall submit 
        to the Secretary a report that contains--
                    (A) an evaluation of the overall costs and 
                benefits of leasing rolling stock; and
                    (B) a comparison of the expected short-term 
                and long-term maintenance costs of leasing 
                versus buying rolling stock.
            (5) Report.--The Secretary shall make publicly 
        available an annual report on this subsection for each 
        fiscal year, not later than December 31 of the calendar 
        year in which that fiscal year ends. The report shall 
        include a detailed description of the activities 
        carried out under this subsection, and evaluation of 
        the program including the evaluation of the data 
        reported in paragraph (4).
    (d) Buy America.--The requirements of section 5323(j) of 
title 49, United States Code, shall apply to all procurements 
under this section.

SEC. 3020. REVIEW OF PUBLIC TRANSPORTATION SAFETY STANDARDS.

    (a) Review Required.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than 90 days after the 
        date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall 
        begin a review of the safety standards and protocols 
        used in public transportation systems in the United 
        States that examines the efficacy of existing standards 
        and protocols.
            (2) Contents of review.--In conducting the review 
        under this paragraph, the Secretary shall review--
                    (A) minimum safety performance standards 
                developed by the public transportation 
                industry;
                    (B) safety performance standards, 
                practices, or protocols in use by rail fixed 
                guideway public transportation systems, 
                including--
                            (i) written emergency plans and 
                        procedures for passenger evacuations;
                            (ii) training programs to ensure 
                        public transportation personnel 
                        compliance and readiness in emergency 
                        situations;
                            (iii) coordination plans approved 
                        by recipients with local emergency 
                        responders having jurisdiction over a 
                        rail fixed guideway public 
                        transportation system, including--
                                    (I) emergency preparedness 
                                training, drills, and 
                                familiarization programs for 
                                the first responders; and
                                    (II) the scheduling of 
                                regular field exercises to 
                                ensure appropriate response and 
                                effective radio and public 
                                safety communications;
                            (iv) maintenance, testing, and 
                        inspection programs to ensure the 
                        proper functioning of--
                                    (I) tunnel, station, and 
                                vehicle ventilation systems;
                                    (II) signal and train 
                                control systems, track, 
                                mechanical systems, and other 
                                infrastructure; and
                                    (III) other systems as 
                                necessary;
                            (v) certification requirements for 
                        train and bus operators and control 
                        center employees;
                            (vi) consensus-based standards, 
                        practices, or protocols available to 
                        the public transportation industry; and
                            (vii) any other standards, 
                        practices, or protocols the Secretary 
                        determines appropriate; and
                    (C) rail and bus safety standards, 
                practices, or protocols in use by public 
                transportation systems, regarding--
                            (i) rail and bus design and the 
                        workstation of rail and bus operators, 
                        as it relates to--
                                    (I) the reduction of 
                                blindspots that contribute to 
                                accidents involving 
                                pedestrians; and
                                    (II) protecting rail and 
                                bus operators from the risk of 
                                assault;
                            (ii) scheduling fixed route rail 
                        and bus service with adequate time and 
                        access for operators to use restroom 
                        facilities;
                            (iii) fatigue management; and
                            (iv) crash avoidance and 
                        worthiness.
    (b) Evaluation.--After conducting the review under 
subsection (a), the Secretary shall, in consultation with 
representatives of the public transportation industry, evaluate 
the need to establish additional Federal minimum public 
transportation safety standards.
    (c) Report.--After completing the review and evaluation 
required under subsections (a) and (b), and not later than 1 
year after the date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary 
shall make available on a publicly accessible Web site, a 
report that includes--
            (1) findings based on the review conducted under 
        subsection (a);
            (2) the outcome of the evaluation conducted under 
        subsection (b);
            (3) a comprehensive set of recommendations to 
        improve the safety of the public transportation 
        industry, including recommendations for statutory 
        changes if applicable; and
            (4) actions that the Secretary will take to address 
        the recommendations provided under paragraph (3), 
        including, if necessary, the authorities under section 
        5329(b)(2)(D) of title 49, United States Code.

SEC. 3021. STUDY ON EVIDENTIARY PROTECTION FOR PUBLIC TRANSPORTATION 
                    SAFETY PROGRAM INFORMATION.

    (a) Study.--The Secretary shall enter into an agreement 
with the Transportation Research Board of the National 
Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine, to conduct a 
study to evaluate whether it is in the public interest, 
including public safety and the legal rights of persons injured 
in public transportation accidents, to withhold from discovery 
or admission into evidence in a Federal or State court 
proceeding any plan, report, data, or other information or 
portion thereof, submitted to, developed, produced, collected, 
or obtained by the Secretary or the Secretary's representative 
for purposes of complying with the requirements under section 
5329 of title 49, United States Code, including information 
related to a recipient's safety plan, safety risks, and 
mitigation measures.
    (b) Coordination.--In conducting the study under subsection 
(a), the Transportation Research Board shall coordinate with 
the legal research entities of the National Academies of 
Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine, including the Committee on 
Law and Justice and the Committee on Science, Technology, and 
Law, and include members of those committees on the research 
committee established for the purposes of this section
    (c) Input.--In conducting the study under subsection (a), 
the relevant entities of the National Academies of Sciences, 
Engineering, and Medicine shall solicit input from the public 
transportation recipients, public transportation nonprofit 
employee labor organizations, and impacted members of the 
general public.
    (d) Report.--Not later than 18 months after the date of 
enactment of this Act, the National Academies of Sciences, 
Engineering, and Medicine shall issue a report, with the 
findings of the study under subsection (a), including any 
recommendations on statutory changes regarding evidentiary 
protections that will increase public transportation safety.

SEC. 3022. IMPROVED PUBLIC TRANSPORTATION SAFETY MEASURES.

    (a) Requirements.--Not later than 90 days after publication 
of the report required in section 3020, the Secretary shall 
issue a notice of proposed rulemaking on protecting public 
transportation operators from the risk of assault.
    (b) Consideration.--In the proposed rulemaking, the 
Secretary shall consider--
            (1) different safety needs of drivers of different 
        modes;
            (2) differences in operating environments;
            (3) the use of technology to mitigate driver 
        assault risks;
            (4) existing experience, from both agencies and 
        operators that already are using or testing driver 
        assault mitigation infrastructure; and
            (5) the impact of the rule on future rolling stock 
        procurements and vehicles currently in revenue service.
    (c) Savings Clause.--Nothing in this section may be 
construed as prohibiting the Secretary from issuing different 
comprehensive worker protections, including standards for 
mitigating assaults.

SEC. 3023. PARATRANSIT SYSTEM UNDER FTA APPROVED COORDINATED PLAN.

    Notwithstanding the provisions of section 37.131(c) of 
title 49, Code of Federal Regulations, any paratransit system 
currently coordinating complementary paratransit service for 
more than 40 fixed route agencies shall be permitted to 
continue using an existing tiered, distance-based coordinated 
paratransit fare system, if the fare for the existing tiered, 
distance-based coordinated paratransit fare system is not 
increased by a greater percentage than any increase to the 
fixed route fare for the largest transit agency in the 
complementary paratransit service area.

SEC. 3024. REPORT ON POTENTIAL OF INTERNET OF THINGS.

    (a) Report.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall submit to Congress a 
report on the potential of the Internet of Things to improve 
transportation services in rural, suburban, and urban areas.
    (b) Contents.--The report required under subsection (a) 
shall include--
            (1) a survey of the communities, cities, and States 
        that are using innovative transportation systems to 
        meet the needs of ageing populations;
            (2) best practices to protect privacy and security, 
        as determined as a result of such survey; and
            (3) recommendations with respect to the potential 
        of the Internet of Things to assist local, State, and 
        Federal planners to develop more efficient and accurate 
        projections of the transportation needs of rural, 
        suburban, and urban communities.

SEC. 3025. REPORT ON PARKING SAFETY.

    (a) Study.--The Secretary shall conduct a study on the 
safety of certain transportation facilities and locations, 
focusing on any property damage, injuries, deaths, and other 
incidents that occur or originate at locations intended to 
encourage public use of alternative transportation, including--
            (1) carpool lots;
            (2) mass transit lots;
            (3) local, State, or regional rail stations;
            (4) rest stops;
            (5) college or university lots;
            (6) bike paths or walking trails; and
            (7) any other locations that the Secretary 
        considers appropriate.
    (b) Report.--Not later than 8 months after the date of 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall submit to the 
Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure of the House of 
Representatives and the Committee on Banking, Housing, and 
Urban Affairs of the Senate a report on the results of the 
study.
    (c) Recommendations.--The Secretary shall include in the 
report recommendations to Congress on the best ways to use 
innovative technologies to increase safety and ensure a better 
response by transit security and local, State, and Federal law 
enforcement to address threats to public safety.

SEC. 3026. APPOINTMENT OF DIRECTORS OF WASHINGTON METROPOLITAN AREA 
                    TRANSIT AUTHORITY.

    (a) Definitions.--In this section, the following 
definitions apply:
            (1) Compact.--The term ``Compact'' means the 
        Washington Metropolitan Area Transit Authority Compact 
        (Public Law 89-774; 80 Stat. 1324).
            (2) Federal director.--The term ``Federal 
        Director'' means--
                    (A) a voting member of the Board of 
                Directors of the Transit Authority who 
                represents the Federal Government; and
                    (B) a nonvoting member of the Board of 
                Directors of the Transit Authority who serves 
                as an alternate for a member described in 
                subparagraph (A).
            (3) Transit authority.--The term ``Transit 
        Authority'' means the Washington Metropolitan Area 
        Transit Authority established under Article III of the 
        Compact.
    (b) Appointment by Secretary of Transportation.--
            (1) In general.--For any appointment made on or 
        after the date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary 
        of Transportation shall have sole authority to appoint 
        Federal Directors to the Board of Directors of the 
        Transit Authority.
            (2) Amendment to compact.--The signatory parties to 
        the Compact shall amend the Compact as necessary in 
        accordance with paragraph (1).

SEC. 3027. EFFECTIVENESS OF PUBLIC TRANSPORTATION CHANGES AND FUNDING.

    Not later than 18 months after the date of enactment of 
this Act, the Comptroller General shall examine and evaluate 
the impact of the changes that MAP-21 had on public 
transportation, including--
            (1) the ability and effectiveness of public 
        transportation agencies to provide public 
        transportation to low-income workers in accessing jobs 
        and being able to use reverse commute services;
            (2) whether services to low-income riders declined 
        after MAP-21 was implemented; and
            (3) if guidance provided by the Federal Transit 
        Administration encouraged public transportation 
        agencies to maintain and support services to low-income 
        riders to allow them to access jobs, medical services, 
        and other life necessities.

SEC. 3028. AUTHORIZATION OF GRANTS FOR POSITIVE TRAIN CONTROL.

    (a) In General.--There shall be available from the Mass 
Transit Account of the Highway Trust Fund to carry out this 
section $199,000,000 for fiscal year 2017 to assist in 
financing the installation of positive train control systems 
required under section 20157 of title 49, United States Code.
    (b) Uses.--The amounts made available under subsection (a) 
of this section shall be awarded by the Secretary on a 
competitive basis, and grant funds awarded under this section 
shall not exceed 80 percent of the total cost of a project.
    (c) Credit Assistance.--At the request of an eligible 
applicant under this section, the Secretary may use amounts 
awarded to the entity to pay the subsidy and administrative 
costs necessary to provide the entity Federal credit assistance 
under sections 502 through 504 of the Railroad Revitalization 
and Regulatory Reform Act of 1976 (45 U.S.C. 801 et seq.), with 
respect to the project for which the grant was awarded.
    (d) Eligible Recipients.--The amounts made available under 
subsection (a) of this section may be used only to assist a 
recipient of funds under chapter 53 of title 49, United States 
Code.
    (e) Project Management Oversight.--The Secretary may 
withhold up to 1 percent from the amounts made available under 
subsection (a) of this section for the costs of project 
management oversight of grants authorized under that 
subsection.
    (f) Savings Clause.--Nothing in this section may be 
construed as authorizing the amounts appropriated under 
subsection (a) to be used for any purpose other than financing 
the installation of positive train control systems.
    (g) Grants Financed From Highway Trust Fund.--A grant that 
is approved by the Secretary and financed with amounts made 
available from the Mass Transit Account of the Highway Trust 
Fund under this section is a contractual obligation of the 
Government to pay the Government share of the cost of the 
project.
    (h) Availability of Amounts.--Notwithstanding subsection 
(j), amounts made available under this section shall remain 
available until expended.
    (i) Obligation Limitation.--Funds made available under this 
section shall be subject to obligation limit of section 3018 of 
the Federal Public Transportation Act of 2015.
    (j) Sunset.--The Secretary of Transportation shall provide 
the grants, direct loans, and loan guarantees under subsections 
(b) and (c) by September 30, 2018.

SEC. 3029. AMENDMENT TO TITLE 5.

    (a) In General.--Section 5313 of title 5, United States 
Code, is amended by adding at the end the following:
    ``Federal Transit Administrator.''.
    (b) Conforming Amendment.--Section 5314 of title 5, United 
States Code, is amended by striking ``Federal Transit 
Administrator.''.
    (c) Effective Date.--The amendments made by this section 
shall take effect on the first day of the first pay period 
beginning on or after the first day of the first fiscal year 
beginning after the date of enactment of this Act.

SEC. 3030. TECHNICAL AND CONFORMING CHANGES.

    (a) Repeal.--Section 20008(b) of MAP-21 (49 U.S.C. 5309 
note) is repealed.
    (b) Repeal Section 5313.--Section 5313 of title 49, United 
States Code, and the item relating to that section in the 
analysis for chapter 53 of such title, are repealed.
    (c) Repeal of Section 5319.--Section 5319 of title 49, 
United States Code, and the item relating to that section in 
the analysis for chapter 53 of such title, are repealed.
    (d) Repeal of Section 5322.--Section 5322 of title 49, 
United States Code, and the item relating to that section in 
the analysis for chapter 53 of such title, are repealed.
    (e) Section 5325.--Section 5325 of title 49, United States 
Code is amended--
            (1) in subsection (e)(2), by striking ``at least 
        two''; and
            (2) in subsection (h), by striking ``Federal Public 
        Transportation Act of 2012'' and inserting ``Federal 
        Public Transportation Act of 2015''.
    (f) Section 5340.--Section 5340 of title 49, United States 
Code, is amended--
            (1) by striking subsection (b); and
            (2) by inserting the following:
    ``(b) Allocation.--The Secretary shall apportion the 
amounts made available under section 5338(b)(2)(N) in 
accordance with subsection (c) and subsection (d).''.
    (g) Chapter 105 of Title 49, United States Code.--Section 
10501(c) of title 49, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1)--
                    (A) in subparagraph (A)(i), by striking 
                ``section 5302(a)'' and inserting ``section 
                5302''; and
                    (B) in subparagraph (B)--
                            (i) by striking ``mass 
                        transportation'' and inserting ``public 
                        transportation''; and
                            (ii) by striking ``section 
                        5302(a)'' and inserting ``section 
                        5302''; and
            (2) in paragraph (2)(A), by striking ``mass 
        transportation'' and inserting ``public 
        transportation''.

                    TITLE IV--HIGHWAY TRAFFIC SAFETY

SEC. 4001. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

    (a) In General.--The following sums are authorized to be 
appropriated out of the Highway Trust Fund (other than the Mass 
Transit Account):
            (1) Highway safety programs.--For carrying out 
        section 402 of title 23, United States Code--
                    (A) $243,500,000 for fiscal year 2016;
                    (B) $252,300,000 for fiscal year 2017;
                    (C) $261,200,000 for fiscal year 2018;
                    (D) $270,400,000 for fiscal year 2019; and
                    (E) $279,800,000 for fiscal year 2020.
            (2) Highway safety research and development.--For 
        carrying out section 403 of title 23, United States 
        Code--
                    (A) $137,800,000 for fiscal year 2016;
                    (B) $140,700,000 for fiscal year 2017;
                    (C) $143,700,000 for fiscal year 2018;
                    (D) $146,700,000 for fiscal year 2019; and
                    (E) $149,800,000 for fiscal year 2020.
            (3) National priority safety programs.--For 
        carrying out section 405 of title 23, United States 
        Code--
                    (A) $274,700,000 for fiscal year 2016;
                    (B) $277,500,000 for fiscal year 2017;
                    (C) $280,200,000 for fiscal year 2018;
                    (D) $283,000,000 for fiscal year 2019; and
                    (E) $285,900,000 for fiscal year 2020.
            (4) National driver register.--For the National 
        Highway Traffic Safety Administration to carry out 
        chapter 303 of title 49, United States Code--
                    (A) $5,100,000 for fiscal year 2016;
                    (B) $5,200,000 for fiscal year 2017;
                    (C) $5,300,000 for fiscal year 2018;
                    (D) $5,400,000 for fiscal year 2019; and
                    (E) $5,500,000 for fiscal year 2020.
            (5) High-visibility enforcement program.--For 
        carrying out section 404 of title 23, United States 
        Code--
                    (A) $29,300,000 for fiscal year 2016;
                    (B) $29,500,000 for fiscal year 2017;
                    (C) $29,900,000 for fiscal year 2018;
                    (D) $30,200,000 for fiscal year 2019; and
                    (E) $30,500,000 for fiscal year 2020.
            (6) Administrative expenses.--For administrative 
        and related operating expenses of the National Highway 
        Traffic Safety Administration in carrying out chapter 4 
        of title 23, United States Code, and this title--
                    (A) $25,832,000 for fiscal year 2016;
                    (B) $26,072,000 for fiscal year 2017;
                    (C) $26,329,000 for fiscal year 2018;
                    (D) $26,608,000 for fiscal year 2019; and
                    (E) $26,817,000 for fiscal year 2020.
    (b) Prohibition on Other Uses.--Except as otherwise 
provided in chapter 4 of title 23, United States Code, and 
chapter 303 of title 49, United States Code, the amounts made 
available from the Highway Trust Fund (other than the Mass 
Transit Account) for a program under such chapters--
            (1) shall only be used to carry out such program; 
        and
            (2) may not be used by States or local governments 
        for construction purposes.
    (c) Applicability of Title 23.--Except as otherwise 
provided in chapter 4 of title 23, United States Code, and 
chapter 303 of title 49, United States Code, amounts made 
available under subsection (a) for fiscal years 2016 through 
2020 shall be available for obligation in the same manner as if 
such funds were apportioned under chapter 1 of title 23, United 
States Code.
    (d) Regulatory Authority.--Grants awarded under this title 
shall be carried out in accordance with regulations issued by 
the Secretary.
    (e) State Matching Requirements.--If a grant awarded under 
chapter 4 of title 23, United States Code, requires a State to 
share in the cost, the aggregate of all expenditures for 
highway safety activities made during a fiscal year by the 
State and its political subdivisions (exclusive of Federal 
funds) for carrying out the grant (other than planning and 
administration) shall be available for the purpose of crediting 
the State during such fiscal year for the non-Federal share of 
the cost of any other project carried out under chapter 4 of 
title 23, United States Code (other than planning or 
administration), without regard to whether such expenditures 
were made in connection with such project.
    (f) Grant Application and Deadline.--To receive a grant 
under chapter 4 of title 23, United States Code, a State shall 
submit an application, and the Secretary shall establish a 
single deadline for such applications to enable the award of 
grants early in the next fiscal year.

SEC. 4002. HIGHWAY SAFETY PROGRAMS.

    Section 402 of title 23, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)(2)(A)--
                    (A) in clause (vi) by striking ``and'' at 
                the end;
                    (B) in clause (vii) by inserting ``and'' 
                after the semicolon; and
                    (C) by adding at the end the following:
                            ``(viii) to increase driver 
                        awareness of commercial motor vehicles 
                        to prevent crashes and reduce injuries 
                        and fatalities;'';
            (2) in subsection (c)(4), by adding at the end the 
        following:
                    ``(C) Survey.--A State in which an 
                automated traffic enforcement system is 
                installed shall expend funds apportioned to 
                that State under this section to conduct a 
                biennial survey that the Secretary shall make 
                publicly available through the Internet Web 
                site of the Department of Transportation that 
                includes--
                            ``(i) a list of automated traffic 
                        enforcement systems in the State;
                            ``(ii) adequate data to measure the 
                        transparency, accountability, and 
                        safety attributes of each automated 
                        traffic enforcement system; and
                            ``(iii) a comparison of each 
                        automated traffic enforcement system 
                        with--
                                    ``(I) Speed Enforcement 
                                Camera Systems Operational 
                                Guidelines (DOT HS 810 916, 
                                March 2008); and
                                    ``(II) Red Light Camera 
                                Systems Operational Guidelines 
                                (FHWA-SA-05-002, January 
                                2005).'';
            (3) by striking subsection (g) and inserting the 
        following:
    ``(g) Restriction.--Nothing in this section may be 
construed to authorize the appropriation or expenditure of 
funds for highway construction, maintenance, or design (other 
than design of safety features of highways to be incorporated 
into guidelines).'';
            (4) in subsection (k)--
                    (A) by redesignating paragraphs (3) through 
                (5) as paragraphs (4) through (6), 
                respectively;
                    (B) by inserting after paragraph (2) the 
                following:
            ``(3) Electronic submission.--The Secretary, in 
        coordination with the Governors Highway Safety 
        Association, shall develop procedures to allow States 
        to submit highway safety plans under this subsection, 
        including any attachments to the plans, in electronic 
        form.''; and
                    (C) in paragraph (6)(A), as so 
                redesignated, by striking ``60 days'' and 
                inserting ``45 days''; and
            (5) in subsection (m)(2)(B)--
                    (A) in clause (vii) by striking ``and'' at 
                the end;
                    (B) in clause (viii) by striking the period 
                at the end and inserting a semicolon; and
                    (C) by adding at the end the following:
                            ``(ix) increase driver awareness of 
                        commercial motor vehicles to prevent 
                        crashes and reduce injuries and 
                        fatalities; and
                            ``(x) support for school-based 
                        driver's education classes to improve 
                        teen knowledge about--
                                    ``(I) safe driving 
                                practices; and
                                    ``(II) State graduated 
                                driving license requirements, 
                                including behind-the-wheel 
                                training required to meet those 
                                requirements.''.

SEC. 4003. HIGHWAY SAFETY RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT.

    Section 403 of title 23, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in subsection (h)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1) by striking ``may'' 
                and inserting ``shall'';
                    (B) by striking paragraph (2) and inserting 
                the following:
            ``(2) Funding.--The Secretary shall obligate from 
        funds made available to carry out this section for the 
        period covering fiscal years 2017 through 2020 not more 
        than $21,248,000 to conduct the research described in 
        paragraph (1).'';
                    (C) in paragraph (3) by striking ``If the 
                Administrator utilizes the authority under 
                paragraph (1), the'' and inserting ``The''; and
                    (D) in paragraph (4) by striking ``If the 
                Administrator conducts the research authorized 
                under paragraph (1), the'' and inserting 
                ``The''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following:
    ``(i) Limitation on Drug and Alcohol Survey Data.--The 
Secretary shall establish procedures and guidelines to ensure 
that any person participating in a program or activity that 
collects data on drug or alcohol use by drivers of motor 
vehicles and is carried out under this section is informed that 
the program or activity is voluntary.
    ``(j) Federal Share.--The Federal share of the cost of any 
project or activity carried out under this section may be not 
more than 100 percent.''.

SEC. 4004. HIGH-VISIBILITY ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM.

    (a) In General.--Section 404 of title 23, United States 
Code, is amended to read as follows:

``Sec. 404. High-visibility enforcement program

    ``(a) In General.--The Secretary shall establish and 
administer a program under which not less than 3 campaigns will 
be carried out in each of fiscal years 2016 through 2020.
    ``(b) Purpose.--The purpose of each campaign carried out 
under this section shall be to achieve outcomes related to not 
less than 1 of the following objectives:
            ``(1) Reduce alcohol-impaired or drug-impaired 
        operation of motor vehicles.
            ``(2) Increase use of seatbelts by occupants of 
        motor vehicles.
    ``(c) Advertising.--The Secretary may use, or authorize the 
use of, funds available to carry out this section to pay for 
the development, production, and use of broadcast and print 
media advertising and Internet-based outreach in carrying out 
campaigns under this section. In allocating such funds, 
consideration shall be given to advertising directed at non-
English speaking populations, including those who listen to, 
read, or watch nontraditional media.
    ``(d) Coordination With States.--The Secretary shall 
coordinate with States in carrying out the campaigns under this 
section, including advertising funded under subsection (c), 
with consideration given to--
            ``(1) relying on States to provide law enforcement 
        resources for the campaigns out of funding made 
        available under sections 402 and 405; and
            ``(2) providing, out of National Highway Traffic 
        Safety Administration resources, most of the means 
        necessary for national advertising and education 
        efforts associated with the campaigns.
    ``(e) Use of Funds.--Funds made available to carry out this 
section may be used only for activities described in subsection 
(c).
    ``(f) Definitions.--In this section, the following 
definitions apply:
            ``(1) Campaign.--The term `campaign' means a high-
        visibility traffic safety law enforcement campaign.
            ``(2) State.--The term `State' has the meaning 
        given that term in section 401.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The analysis for chapter 4 of 
title 23, United States Code, is amended by striking the item 
relating to section 404 and inserting the following:

``404. High-visibility enforcement program.''.

SEC. 4005. NATIONAL PRIORITY SAFETY PROGRAMS.

    (a) General Authority.--Section 405(a) of title 23, United 
States Code, is amended to read as follows:
    ``(a) General Authority.--Subject to the requirements of 
this section, the Secretary shall manage programs to address 
national priorities for reducing highway deaths and injuries. 
Funds shall be allocated according to the following:
            ``(1) Occupant protection.--In each fiscal year, 13 
        percent of the funds provided under this section shall 
        be allocated among States that adopt and implement 
        effective occupant protection programs to reduce 
        highway deaths and injuries resulting from individuals 
        riding unrestrained or improperly restrained in motor 
        vehicles (as described in subsection (b)).
            ``(2) State traffic safety information system 
        improvements.--In each fiscal year, 14.5 percent of the 
        funds provided under this section shall be allocated 
        among States that meet requirements with respect to 
        State traffic safety information system improvements 
        (as described in subsection (c)).
            ``(3) Impaired driving countermeasures.--In each 
        fiscal year, 52.5 percent of the funds provided under 
        this section shall be allocated among States that meet 
        requirements with respect to impaired driving 
        countermeasures (as described in subsection (d)).
            ``(4) Distracted driving.--In each fiscal year, 8.5 
        percent of the funds provided under this section shall 
        be allocated among States that adopt and implement 
        effective laws to reduce distracted driving (as 
        described in subsection (e)).
            ``(5) Motorcyclist safety.--In each fiscal year, 
        1.5 percent of the funds provided under this section 
        shall be allocated among States that implement 
        motorcyclist safety programs (as described in 
        subsection (f)).
            ``(6) State graduated driver licensing laws.--In 
        each fiscal year, 5 percent of the funds provided under 
        this section shall be allocated among States that adopt 
        and implement graduated driver licensing laws (as 
        described in subsection (g)).
            ``(7) Nonmotorized safety.--In each fiscal year, 5 
        percent of the funds provided under this section shall 
        be allocated among States that meet requirements with 
        respect to nonmotorized safety (as described in 
        subsection (h)).
            ``(8) Transfers.--Notwithstanding paragraphs (1) 
        through (7), the Secretary shall reallocate, before the 
        last day of any fiscal year, any amounts remaining 
        available to carry out any of the activities described 
        in subsections (b) through (h) to increase the amount 
        made available under section 402, in order to ensure, 
        to the maximum extent possible, that all such amounts 
        are obligated during such fiscal year.
            ``(9) Maintenance of effort.--
                    ``(A) Certification.--As part of the grant 
                application required in section 402(k)(3)(F), a 
                State receiving a grant in any fiscal year 
                under subsection (b), (c), or (d) of this 
                section shall provide certification that the 
                lead State agency responsible for programs 
                described in any of those subsections is 
                maintaining aggregate expenditures at or above 
                the average level of such expenditures in the 2 
                fiscal years prior to the date of enactment of 
                the FAST Act.
                    ``(B) Waiver.--Upon the request of a State, 
                the Secretary may waive or modify the 
                requirements under subparagraph (A) for not 
                more than 1 fiscal year if the Secretary 
                determines that such a waiver would be 
                equitable due to exceptional or uncontrollable 
                circumstances.
            ``(10) Political subdivisions.--A State may provide 
        the funds awarded under this section to a political 
        subdivision of the State or an Indian tribal 
        government.''.
    (b) High Seatbelt Use Rate.--Section 405(b)(4)(B) of title 
23, United States Code, is amended by striking ``75 percent'' 
and inserting ``100 percent''.
    (c) Impaired Driving Countermeasures.--Section 405(d) of 
title 23, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) by striking paragraph (4) and inserting the 
        following:
            ``(4) Use of grant amounts.--
                    ``(A) Required programs.--High-range States 
                shall use grant funds for--
                            ``(i) high-visibility enforcement 
                        efforts; and
                            ``(ii) any of the activities 
                        described in subparagraph (B) if--
                                    ``(I) the activity is 
                                described in the statewide 
                                plan; and
                                    ``(II) the Secretary 
                                approves the use of funding for 
                                such activity.
                    ``(B) Authorized programs.--Medium-range 
                and low-range States may use grant funds for--
                            ``(i) any of the purposes described 
                        in subparagraph (A);
                            ``(ii) hiring a full-time or part-
                        time impaired driving coordinator of 
                        the State's activities to address the 
                        enforcement and adjudication of laws 
                        regarding driving while impaired by 
                        alcohol, drugs, or the combination of 
                        alcohol and drugs;
                            ``(iii) court support of high-
                        visibility enforcement efforts, 
                        training and education of criminal 
                        justice professionals (including law 
                        enforcement, prosecutors, judges, and 
                        probation officers) to assist such 
                        professionals in handling impaired 
                        driving cases, hiring traffic safety 
                        resource prosecutors, hiring judicial 
                        outreach liaisons, and establishing 
                        driving while intoxicated courts;
                            ``(iv) alcohol ignition interlock 
                        programs;
                            ``(v) improving blood-alcohol 
                        concentration testing and reporting;
                            ``(vi) paid and earned media in 
                        support of high-visibility enforcement 
                        efforts, conducting standardized field 
                        sobriety training, advanced roadside 
                        impaired driving evaluation training, 
                        and drug recognition expert training 
                        for law enforcement, and equipment and 
                        related expenditures used in connection 
                        with impaired driving enforcement in 
                        accordance with criteria established by 
                        the National Highway Traffic Safety 
                        Administration;
                            ``(vii) training on the use of 
                        alcohol and drug screening and brief 
                        intervention;
                            ``(viii) training for and 
                        implementation of impaired driving 
                        assessment programs or other tools 
                        designed to increase the probability of 
                        identifying the recidivism risk of a 
                        person convicted of driving under the 
                        influence of alcohol, drugs, or a 
                        combination of alcohol and drugs and to 
                        determine the most effective mental 
                        health or substance abuse treatment or 
                        sanction that will reduce such risk;
                            ``(ix) developing impaired driving 
                        information systems; and
                            ``(x) costs associated with a 24-7 
                        sobriety program.
                    ``(C) Other programs.--Low-range States may 
                use grant funds for any expenditure designed to 
                reduce impaired driving based on problem 
                identification and may use not more than 50 
                percent of funds made available under this 
                subsection for any project or activity eligible 
                for funding under section 402. Medium-range and 
                high-range States may use funds for any 
                expenditure designed to reduce impaired driving 
                based on problem identification upon approval 
                by the Secretary.'';
            (2) in paragraph (6)--
                    (A) by amending the paragraph heading to 
                read as follows: ``Additional grants.--'';
                    (B) in subparagraph (A) by amending the 
                subparagraph heading to read as follows: 
                ``Grants to states with alcohol-ignition 
                interlock laws.--'';
                    (C) by redesignating subparagraphs (B) 
                through (D) as subparagraphs (C) through (E), 
                respectively;
                    (D) by inserting after subparagraph (A), 
                the following:
                    ``(B) Grants to states with 24-7 sobriety 
                programs.--The Secretary shall make a separate 
                grant under this subsection to each State 
                that--
                            ``(i) adopts and is enforcing a law 
                        that requires all individuals convicted 
                        of driving under the influence of 
                        alcohol or of driving while intoxicated 
                        to receive a restriction on driving 
                        privileges; and
                            ``(ii) provides a 24-7 sobriety 
                        program.'';
                    (E) in subparagraph (C), as redesignated, 
                by inserting ``and subparagraph (B)'' after 
                ``subparagraph (A)'';
                    (F) in subparagraph (D), as redesignated, 
                by inserting ``and subparagraph (B)'' after 
                ``subparagraph (A)'';
                    (G) by amending subparagraph (E), as 
                redesignated, to read as follows:
                    ``(E) Funding.--
                            ``(i) Funding for grants to states 
                        with alcohol-ignition interlock laws.--
                        Not more than 12 percent of the amounts 
                        made available to carry out this 
                        subsection in a fiscal year shall be 
                        made available by the Secretary for 
                        making grants under subparagraph (A).
                            ``(ii) Funding for grants to states 
                        with 24-7 sobriety programs.--Not more 
                        than 3 percent of the amounts made 
                        available to carry out this subsection 
                        in a fiscal year shall be made 
                        available by the Secretary for making 
                        grants under subparagraph (B).''; and
                    (H) by adding at the end the following:
                    ``(F) Exceptions.--A State alcohol-ignition 
                interlock law under subparagraph (A) may 
                include exceptions for the following 
                circumstances:
                            ``(i) The individual is required to 
                        operate an employer's motor vehicle in 
                        the course and scope of employment and 
                        the business entity that owns the 
                        vehicle is not owned or controlled by 
                        the individual.
                            ``(ii) The individual is certified 
                        by a medical doctor as being unable to 
                        provide a deep lung breath sample for 
                        analysis by an ignition interlock 
                        device.
                            ``(iii) A State-certified ignition 
                        interlock provider is not available 
                        within 100 miles of the individual's 
                        residence.''; and
            (3) in paragraph (7)--
                    (A) in subparagraph (A)--
                            (i) in the matter preceding clause 
                        (i)--
                                    (I) by striking ``or a 
                                State agency'' and inserting 
                                ``or an agency with 
                                jurisdiction''; and
                                    (II) by inserting ``bond,'' 
                                before ``sentence'';
                            (ii) in clause (i) by striking 
                        ``who plead guilty or'' and inserting 
                        ``who was arrested for, plead guilty 
                        to, or''; and
                            (iii) in clause (ii)(I) by 
                        inserting ``at a testing location'' 
                        after ``per day''; and
                    (B) in subparagraph (D) by striking the 
                second period at the end.
    (d) Distracted Driving Grants.--Section 405(e) of title 23, 
United States Code, is amended to read as follows:
    ``(e) Distracted Driving Grants.--
            ``(1) In general.--The Secretary shall award a 
        grant under this subsection to any State that includes 
        distracted driving awareness as part of the State's 
        driver's license examination, and enacts and enforces a 
        law that meets the requirements set forth in paragraphs 
        (2) and (3).
            ``(2) Prohibition on texting while driving.--A 
        State law meets the requirements set forth in this 
        paragraph if the law--
                    ``(A) prohibits a driver from texting 
                through a personal wireless communications 
                device while driving;
                    ``(B) makes violation of the law a primary 
                offense;
                    ``(C) establishes a minimum fine for a 
                violation of the law; and
                    ``(D) does not provide for an exemption 
                that specifically allows a driver to text 
                through a personal wireless communication 
                device while stopped in traffic.
            ``(3) Prohibition on youth cell phone use while 
        driving or stopped in traffic.--A State law meets the 
        requirements set forth in this paragraph if the law--
                    ``(A) prohibits a driver from using a 
                personal wireless communications device while 
                driving if the driver is--
                            ``(i) younger than 18 years of age; 
                        or
                            ``(ii) in the learner's permit or 
                        intermediate license stage set forth in 
                        subsection (g)(2)(B);
                    ``(B) makes violation of the law a primary 
                offense;
                    ``(C) establishes a minimum fine for a 
                violation of the law; and
                    ``(D) does not provide for an exemption 
                that specifically allows a driver to text 
                through a personal wireless communication 
                device while stopped in traffic.
            ``(4) Permitted exceptions.--A law that meets the 
        requirements set forth in paragraph (2) or (3) may 
        provide exceptions for--
                    ``(A) a driver who uses a personal wireless 
                communications device to contact emergency 
                services;
                    ``(B) emergency services personnel who use 
                a personal wireless communications device 
                while--
                            ``(i) operating an emergency 
                        services vehicle; and
                            ``(ii) engaged in the performance 
                        of their duties as emergency services 
                        personnel;
                    ``(C) an individual employed as a 
                commercial motor vehicle driver or a school bus 
                driver who uses a personal wireless 
                communications device within the scope of such 
                individual's employment if such use is 
                permitted under the regulations promulgated 
                pursuant to section 31136 of title 49; and
                    ``(D) any additional exceptions determined 
                by the Secretary through a rulemaking process.
            ``(5) Use of grant funds.--
                    ``(A) In general.--Except as provided in 
                subparagraph (B), amounts received by a State 
                under this subsection shall be used--
                            ``(i) to educate the public through 
                        advertising containing information 
                        about the dangers of texting or using a 
                        cell phone while driving;
                            ``(ii) for traffic signs that 
                        notify drivers about the distracted 
                        driving law of the State; or
                            ``(iii) for law enforcement costs 
                        related to the enforcement of the 
                        distracted driving law.
                    ``(B) Flexibility.--
                                    ``(i) Not more than 50 
                                percent of amounts received by 
                                a State under this subsection 
                                may be used for any eligible 
                                project or activity under 
                                section 402.
                                    ``(ii) Not more than 75 
                                percent of amounts received by 
                                a State under this subsection 
                                may be used for any eligible 
                                project or activity under 
                                section 402 if the State has 
                                conformed its distracted 
                                driving data to the most recent 
                                Model Minimum Uniform Crash 
                                Criteria published by the 
                                Secretary.
            ``(6) Additional distracted driving grants.--
                    ``(A) In general.--Notwithstanding 
                paragraph (1), for each of fiscal years 2017 
                and 2018, the Secretary shall use up to 25 
                percent of the amounts available for grants 
                under this subsection to award grants to any 
                State that--
                            ``(i) in fiscal year 2017--
                                    ``(I) certifies that it has 
                                enacted a basic text messaging 
                                statute that--
                                            ``(aa) is 
                                        applicable to drivers 
                                        of all ages; and
                                            ``(bb) makes 
                                        violation of the basic 
                                        text messaging statute 
                                        a primary offense or 
                                        secondary enforcement 
                                        action as allowed by 
                                        State statute; and
                                    ``(II) is otherwise 
                                ineligible for a grant under 
                                this subsection; and
                            ``(ii) in fiscal year 2018--
                                    ``(I) certifies that it has 
                                enacted a basic text messaging 
                                statute that--
                                            ``(aa) is 
                                        applicable to drivers 
                                        of all ages; and
                                            ``(bb) makes 
                                        violation of the basic 
                                        text messaging statute 
                                        a primary offense;
                                    ``(II) imposes fines for 
                                violations;
                                    ``(III) has a statute that 
                                prohibits drivers who are 
                                younger than 18 years of age 
                                from using a personal wireless 
                                communications device while 
                                driving; and
                                    ``(IV) is otherwise 
                                ineligible for a grant under 
                                this subsection.
                    ``(B) Use of grant funds.--
                            ``(i) In general.--Notwithstanding 
                        paragraph (5) and subject to clauses 
                        (ii) and (iii) of this subparagraph, 
                        amounts received by a State under 
                        subparagraph (A) may be used for 
                        activities related to the enforcement 
                        of distracted driving laws, including 
                        for public information and awareness 
                        purposes.
                            ``(ii) Fiscal year 2017.--In fiscal 
                        year 2017, up to 15 percent of the 
                        amounts received by a State under 
                        subparagraph (A) may be used for any 
                        eligible project or activity under 
                        section 402.
                            ``(iii) Fiscal year 2018.--In 
                        fiscal year 2018, up to 25 percent of 
                        the amounts received by a State under 
                        subparagraph (A) may be used for any 
                        eligible project or activity under 
                        section 402.
            ``(7) Allocation to support state distracted 
        driving laws.--Of the amounts available under this 
        subsection in a fiscal year for distracted driving 
        grants, the Secretary may expend not more than 
        $5,000,000 for the development and placement of 
        broadcast media to reduce distracted driving of motor 
        vehicles.
            ``(8) Grant amount.--The allocation of grant funds 
        to a State under this subsection for a fiscal year 
        shall be in proportion to the State's apportionment 
        under section 402 for fiscal year 2009.
            ``(9) Definitions.--In this subsection, the 
        following definitions apply:
                    ``(A) Driving.--The term `driving'--
                            ``(i) means operating a motor 
                        vehicle on a public road; and
                            ``(ii) does not include operating a 
                        motor vehicle when the vehicle has 
                        pulled over to the side of, or off, an 
                        active roadway and has stopped in a 
                        location where it can safely remain 
                        stationary.
                    ``(B) Personal wireless communications 
                device.--The term `personal wireless 
                communications device'--
                            ``(i) means a device through which 
                        personal wireless services (as defined 
                        in section 332(c)(7)(C)(i) of the 
                        Communications Act of 1934 (47 U.S.C. 
                        332(c)(7)(C)(i))) are transmitted; and
                            ``(ii) does not include a global 
                        navigation satellite system receiver 
                        used for positioning, emergency 
                        notification, or navigation purposes.
                    ``(C) Primary offense.--The term `primary 
                offense' means an offense for which a law 
                enforcement officer may stop a vehicle solely 
                for the purpose of issuing a citation in the 
                absence of evidence of another offense.
                    ``(D) Public road.--The term `public road' 
                has the meaning given such term in section 
                402(c).
                    ``(E) Texting.--The term `texting' means 
                reading from or manually entering data into a 
                personal wireless communications device, 
                including doing so for the purpose of SMS 
                texting, emailing, instant messaging, or 
                engaging in any other form of electronic data 
                retrieval or electronic data communication.''.
    (e) Motorcyclist Safety.--Section 405(f) of title 23, 
United States Code, is amended--
            (1) by striking paragraph (2) and inserting the 
        following:
            ``(2) Grant amount.--The allocation of grant funds 
        to a State under this subsection for a fiscal year 
        shall be in proportion to the State's apportionment 
        under section 402 for fiscal year 2009, except that the 
        amount of a grant awarded to a State for a fiscal year 
        may not exceed 25 percent of the amount apportioned to 
        the State under such section for fiscal year 2009.'';
            (2) in paragraph (4) by adding at the end the 
        following:
                    ``(C) Flexibility.--Not more than 50 
                percent of grant funds received by a State 
                under this subsection may be used for any 
                eligible project or activity under section 402 
                if the State is in the lowest 25 percent of all 
                States for motorcycle deaths per 10,000 
                motorcycle registrations based on the most 
                recent data that conforms with criteria 
                established by the Secretary.''; and
            (3) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(6) Share-the-road model language.--Not later 
        than 1 year after the date of enactment of this 
        paragraph, the Secretary shall update and provide to 
        the States model language, for use in traffic safety 
        education courses, driver's manuals, and other driver 
        training materials, that provides instruction for 
        drivers of motor vehicles on the importance of sharing 
        the road safely with motorcyclists.''.
    (f) Minimum Requirements for State Graduated Driver 
Licensing Incentive Grant Program.--Section 405(g) of title 23, 
United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (2)--
                    (A) in subparagraph (A) by striking ``21'' 
                and inserting ``18''; and
                    (B) by amending subparagraph (B) to read as 
                follows:
                    ``(B) Licensing process.--A State is in 
                compliance with the 2-stage licensing process 
                described in this subparagraph if the State's 
                driver's license laws include--
                            ``(i) a learner's permit stage 
                        that--
                                    ``(I) is at least 6 months 
                                in duration;
                                    ``(II) contains a 
                                prohibition on the driver using 
                                a personal wireless 
                                communications device (as 
                                defined in subsection (e)) 
                                while driving except under an 
                                exception permitted under 
                                paragraph (4) of that 
                                subsection, and makes a 
                                violation of the prohibition a 
                                primary offense;
                                    ``(III) requires applicants 
                                to successfully pass a vision 
                                and knowledge assessment prior 
                                to receiving a learner's 
                                permit;
                                    ``(IV) requires that the 
                                driver be accompanied and 
                                supervised at all times while 
                                the driver is operating a motor 
                                vehicle by a licensed driver 
                                who is at least 21 years of age 
                                or is a State-certified driving 
                                instructor;
                                    ``(V) has a requirement 
                                that the driver--
                                            ``(aa) complete a 
                                        State-certified driver 
                                        education or training 
                                        course; or
                                            ``(bb) obtain at 
                                        least 50 hours of 
                                        behind-the-wheel 
                                        training, with at least 
                                        10 hours at night, with 
                                        a licensed driver; and
                                    ``(VI) remains in effect 
                                until the driver--
                                            ``(aa) reaches 16 
                                        years of age and enters 
                                        the intermediate stage; 
                                        or
                                            ``(bb) reaches 18 
                                        years of age;
                            ``(ii) an intermediate stage that--
                                    ``(I) commences immediately 
                                after the expiration of the 
                                learner's permit stage and 
                                successful completion of a 
                                driving skills assessment;
                                    ``(II) is at least 6 months 
                                in duration;
                                    ``(III) prohibits the 
                                driver from using a personal 
                                wireless communications device 
                                (as defined in subsection (e)) 
                                while driving except under an 
                                exception permitted under 
                                paragraph (4) of that 
                                subsection, and makes a 
                                violation of the prohibition a 
                                primary offense;
                                    ``(IV) for the first 6 
                                months of the intermediate 
                                stage, restricts driving at 
                                night between the hours of 
                                10:00 p.m. and 5:00 a.m. when 
                                not supervised by a licensed 
                                driver 21 years of age or 
                                older, excluding transportation 
                                to work, school, religious 
                                activities, or emergencies;
                                    ``(V) prohibits the driver 
                                from operating a motor vehicle 
                                with more than 1 nonfamilial 
                                passenger younger than 21 years 
                                of age unless a licensed driver 
                                who is at least 21 years of age 
                                is in the motor vehicle; and
                                    ``(VI) remains in effect 
                                until the driver reaches 17 
                                years of age; and
                            ``(iii) learner's permit and 
                        intermediate stages that each require, 
                        in addition to any other penalties 
                        imposed by State law, that the granting 
                        of an unrestricted driver's license be 
                        automatically delayed for any 
                        individual who, during the learner's 
                        permit or intermediate stage, is 
                        convicted of a driving-related offense 
                        during the first 6 months, including--
                                    ``(I) driving while 
                                intoxicated;
                                    ``(II) misrepresentation of 
                                the individual's age;
                                    ``(III) reckless driving;
                                    ``(IV) driving without 
                                wearing a seat belt;
                                    ``(V) speeding; or
                                    ``(VI) any other driving-
                                related offense, as determined 
                                by the Secretary.''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(6) Special rule.--Notwithstanding paragraph (5), 
        up to 100 percent of grant funds received by a State 
        under this subsection may be used for any eligible 
        project or activity under section 402, if the State is 
        in the lowest 25 percent of all States for the number 
        of drivers under age 18 involved in fatal crashes in 
        the State per the total number of drivers under age 18 
        in the State based on the most recent data that 
        conforms with criteria established by the Secretary.''.
    (g) Nonmotorized Safety.--Section 405 of title 23, United 
States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following:
    ``(h) Nonmotorized Safety.--
            ``(1) General authority.--Subject to the 
        requirements under this subsection, the Secretary shall 
        award grants to States for the purpose of decreasing 
        pedestrian and bicycle fatalities and injuries that 
        result from crashes involving a motor vehicle.
            ``(2) Federal share.--The Federal share of the cost 
        of a project carried out by a State using amounts from 
        a grant awarded under this subsection may not exceed 80 
        percent.
            ``(3) Eligibility.--A State shall receive a grant 
        under this subsection in a fiscal year if the annual 
        combined pedestrian and bicycle fatalities in the State 
        exceed 15 percent of the total annual crash fatalities 
        in the State, based on the most recently reported final 
        data from the Fatality Analysis Reporting System.
            ``(4) Use of grant amounts.--Grant funds received 
        by a State under this subsection may be used for--
                    ``(A) training of law enforcement officials 
                on State laws applicable to pedestrian and 
                bicycle safety;
                    ``(B) enforcement mobilizations and 
                campaigns designed to enforce State traffic 
                laws applicable to pedestrian and bicycle 
                safety; and
                    ``(C) public education and awareness 
                programs designed to inform motorists, 
                pedestrians, and bicyclists of State traffic 
                laws applicable to pedestrian and bicycle 
                safety.
            ``(5) Grant amount.--The allocation of grant funds 
        to a State under this subsection for a fiscal year 
        shall be in proportion to the State's apportionment 
        under section 402 for fiscal year 2009.''.

SEC. 4006. TRACKING PROCESS.

    Section 412 of title 23, United States Code, is amended by 
adding at the end the following:
    ``(f) Tracking Process.--The Secretary shall develop a 
process to identify and mitigate possible systemic issues 
across States and regional offices by reviewing oversight 
findings and recommended actions identified in triennial State 
management reviews.''.

SEC. 4007. STOP MOTORCYCLE CHECKPOINT FUNDING.

    Notwithstanding section 153 of title 23, United States 
Code, the Secretary may not provide a grant or any funds to a 
State, county, town, township, Indian tribe, municipality, or 
other local government that may be used for any program--
            (1) to check helmet usage; or
            (2) to create checkpoints that specifically target 
        motorcycle operators or motorcycle passengers.

SEC. 4008. MARIJUANA-IMPAIRED DRIVING.

    (a) Study.--The Secretary, in consultation with the heads 
of other Federal agencies as appropriate, shall conduct a study 
on marijuana-impaired driving.
    (b) Issues To Be Examined.--In conducting the study, the 
Secretary shall examine, at a minimum, the following:
            (1) Methods to detect marijuana-impaired driving, 
        including devices capable of measuring marijuana levels 
        in motor vehicle operators.
            (2) A review of impairment standard research for 
        driving under the influence of marijuana.
            (3) Methods to differentiate the cause of a driving 
        impairment between alcohol and marijuana.
            (4) State-based policies on marijuana-impaired 
        driving.
            (5) The role and extent of marijuana impairment in 
        motor vehicle accidents.
    (c) Report.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than 1 year after the 
        date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary, in 
        cooperation with other Federal agencies as appropriate, 
        shall submit to the Committee on Transportation and 
        Infrastructure of the House of Representatives and the 
        Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation of 
        the Senate a report on the results of the study.
            (2) Contents.--The report shall include, at a 
        minimum, the following:
                    (A) Findings.--The findings of the 
                Secretary based on the study, including, at a 
                minimum, the following:
                            (i) An assessment of methodologies 
                        and technologies for measuring driver 
                        impairment resulting from the use of 
                        marijuana, including the use of 
                        marijuana in combination with alcohol.
                            (ii) A description and assessment 
                        of the role of marijuana as a causal 
                        factor in traffic crashes and the 
                        extent of the problem of marijuana-
                        impaired driving.
                            (iii) A description and assessment 
                        of current State laws relating to 
                        marijuana-impaired driving.
                            (iv) A determination whether an 
                        impairment standard for drivers under 
                        the influence of marijuana is feasible 
                        and could reduce vehicle accidents and 
                        save lives.
                    (B) Recommendations.--The recommendations 
                of the Secretary based on the study, including, 
                at a minimum, the following:
                            (i) Effective and efficient methods 
                        for training law enforcement personnel, 
                        including drug recognition experts, to 
                        detect or measure the level of 
                        impairment of a motor vehicle operator 
                        who is under the influence of marijuana 
                        by the use of technology or otherwise.
                            (ii) If feasible, an impairment 
                        standard for driving under the 
                        influence of marijuana.
                            (iii) Methodologies for increased 
                        data collection regarding the 
                        prevalence and effects of marijuana-
                        impaired driving.
    (d) Marijuana Defined.--In this section, the term 
``marijuana'' includes all substances containing 
tetrahydrocannabinol.

SEC. 4009. INCREASING PUBLIC AWARENESS OF THE DANGERS OF DRUG-IMPAIRED 
                    DRIVING.

    (a) Additional Actions.--The Administrator of the National 
Highway Traffic Safety Administration, in consultation with the 
White House Office of National Drug Control Policy, the 
Secretary of Health and Human Services, State highway safety 
offices, and other interested parties, as determined by the 
Administrator, shall identify and carry out additional actions 
that should be undertaken by the Administration to assist 
States in their efforts to increase public awareness of the 
dangers of drug-impaired driving, including the dangers of 
driving while under the influence of heroin or prescription 
opioids.
    (b) Report.--Not later than 60 days after the date of 
enactment of this Act, the Administrator shall submit to the 
Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation of the 
Senate and the Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure 
of the House of Representatives a report that describes the 
additional actions undertaken by the Administration pursuant to 
subsection (a).

SEC. 4010. NATIONAL PRIORITY SAFETY PROGRAM GRANT ELIGIBILITY.

    Not later than 60 days after the date on which the 
Secretary awards grants under section 405 of title 23, United 
States Code, the Secretary shall make available on a publicly 
available Internet Web site of the Department of 
Transportation--
            (1) an identification of--
                    (A) the States that were awarded grants 
                under such section;
                    (B) the States that applied and were not 
                awarded grants under such section; and
                    (C) the States that did not apply for a 
                grant under such section; and
            (2) a list of deficiencies that made a State 
        ineligible for a grant under such section for each 
        State under paragraph (1)(B).

SEC. 4011. DATA COLLECTION.

    Section 1906 of SAFETEA-LU (23 U.S.C. 402 note) is 
amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)(1)--
                    (A) by striking ``(A) has enacted'' and all 
                that follows through ``(B) is maintaining'' and 
                inserting ``is maintaining''; and
                    (B) by striking ``and any passengers'';
            (2) by striking subsection (b) and inserting the 
        following:
    ``(b) Use of Grant Funds.--A grant received by a State 
under subsection (a) shall be used by the State for the costs 
of--
            ``(1) collecting and maintaining data on traffic 
        stops; and
            ``(2) evaluating the results of the data.'';
            (3) by striking subsection (c) and redesignating 
        subsections (d) and (e) as subsections (c) and (d), 
        respectively;
            (4) in subsection (c)(2), as so redesignated, by 
        striking ``A State'' and inserting ``On or after 
        October 1, 2015, a State''; and
            (5) in subsection (d), as so redesignated--
                    (A) in the subsection heading by striking 
                ``Authorization of Appropriations'' and 
                inserting ``Funding'';
                    (B) by striking paragraph (1) and inserting 
                the following:
            ``(1) In general.--From funds made available under 
        section 403 of title 23, United States Code, the 
        Secretary shall set aside $7,500,000 for each of fiscal 
        years 2017 through 2020 to carry out this section.'';
                    (C) in paragraph (2)--
                            (i) by striking ``authorized by'' 
                        and inserting ``made available under''; 
                        and
                            (ii) by striking ``percent,'' and 
                        all that follows through the period at 
                        the end and inserting ``percent.''; and
                    (D) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(3) Other uses.--The Secretary may reallocate, 
        before the last day of any fiscal year, amounts 
        remaining available under paragraph (1) to increase the 
        amounts made available to carry out any of other 
        activities authorized under section 403 of title 23, 
        United States Code, in order to ensure, to the maximum 
        extent possible, that all such amounts are obligated 
        during such fiscal year.''.

SEC. 4012. STUDY ON THE NATIONAL ROADSIDE SURVEY OF ALCOHOL AND DRUG 
                    USE BY DRIVERS.

    Not later than 180 days after the date on which the 
Comptroller General of the United States reviews and reports on 
the overall value of the National Roadside Survey to 
researchers and other public safety stakeholders, the 
differences between a National Roadside Survey site and typical 
law enforcement checkpoints, and the effectiveness of the 
National Roadside Survey methodology at protecting the privacy 
of the driving public, as requested by the Committee on 
Appropriations of the Senate on June 5, 2014 (Senate Report 
113-182), the Secretary shall report to Congress on the 
National Highway Traffic Safety Administration's progress 
toward reviewing that report and implementing any 
recommendations made in that report.

SEC. 4013. BARRIERS TO DATA COLLECTION REPORT.

    Not later than 180 days after the date of enactment of this 
Act, the Administrator of the National Highway Traffic Safety 
Administration shall submit a report to the Committee on 
Commerce, Science, and Transportation of the Senate and the 
Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure of the House of 
Representatives that--
            (1) identifies any legal and technical barriers to 
        capturing adequate data on the prevalence of the use of 
        wireless communications devices while driving; and
            (2) provides recommendations on how to address such 
        barriers.

SEC. 4014. TECHNICAL CORRECTIONS.

    Title 23, United States Code, is amended as follows:
            (1) Section 402 is amended--
                    (A) in subsection (b)(1)--
                            (i) in subparagraph (C) by striking 
                        ``paragraph (3)'' and inserting 
                        ``paragraph (2)''; and
                            (ii) in subparagraph (E)--
                                    (I) by striking ``in 
                                which'' and inserting ``for 
                                which''; and
                                    (II) by striking ``under 
                                subsection (f)'' and inserting 
                                ``under subsection (k)''; and
                    (B) in subsection (k)(5), as redesignated 
                by this Act, by striking ``under paragraph 
                (2)(A)'' and inserting ``under paragraph 
                (3)(A)''.
            (2) Section 403(e) is amended by striking ``chapter 
        301'' and inserting ``chapter 301 of title 49''.
            (3) Section 405 is amended--
                    (A) in subsection (d)--
                            (i) in paragraph (5) by striking 
                        ``under section 402(c)'' and inserting 
                        ``under section 402''; and
                            (ii) in paragraph (6)(D), as 
                        redesignated by this Act, by striking 
                        ``on the basis of the apportionment 
                        formula set forth in section 402(c)'' 
                        and inserting ``in proportion to the 
                        State's apportionment under section 402 
                        for fiscal year 2009''; and
                    (B) in subsection (f)(4)(A)(iv)--
                            (i) by striking ``such as the'' and 
                        inserting ``including''; and
                            (ii) by striking ``developed under 
                        subsection (g)''.

SEC. 4015. EFFECTIVE DATE FOR CERTAIN PROGRAMS.

    Notwithstanding any other provision of this Act, except for 
the technical corrections in section 4014, the amendments made 
by this Act to sections 164, 402, and 405 of title 23, United 
States Code, shall be effective on October 1, 2016.

                     TITLE V--MOTOR CARRIER SAFETY

          Subtitle A--Motor Carrier Safety Grant Consolidation

SEC. 5101. GRANTS TO STATES.

    (a) Motor Carrier Safety Assistance Program.--Section 31102 
of title 49, United States Code, is amended to read as follows:

``Sec. 31102. Motor carrier safety assistance program

    ``(a) In General.--The Secretary of Transportation shall 
administer a motor carrier safety assistance program funded 
under section 31104.
    ``(b) Goal.--The goal of the program is to ensure that the 
Secretary, States, local governments, other political 
jurisdictions, federally recognized Indian tribes, and other 
persons work in partnership to establish programs to improve 
motor carrier, commercial motor vehicle, and driver safety to 
support a safe and efficient surface transportation system by--
            ``(1) making targeted investments to promote safe 
        commercial motor vehicle transportation, including the 
        transportation of passengers and hazardous materials;
            ``(2) investing in activities likely to generate 
        maximum reductions in the number and severity of 
        commercial motor vehicle crashes and in fatalities 
        resulting from such crashes;
            ``(3) adopting and enforcing effective motor 
        carrier, commercial motor vehicle, and driver safety 
        regulations and practices consistent with Federal 
        requirements; and
            ``(4) assessing and improving statewide performance 
        by setting program goals and meeting performance 
        standards, measures, and benchmarks.
    ``(c) State Plans.--
            ``(1) In general.--In carrying out the program, the 
        Secretary shall prescribe procedures for a State to 
        submit a multiple-year plan, and annual updates 
        thereto, under which the State agrees to assume 
        responsibility for improving motor carrier safety by 
        adopting and enforcing State regulations, standards, 
        and orders that are compatible with the regulations, 
        standards, and orders of the Federal Government on 
        commercial motor vehicle safety and hazardous materials 
        transportation safety.
            ``(2) Contents.--The Secretary shall approve a 
        State plan if the Secretary determines that the plan is 
        adequate to comply with the requirements of this 
        section, and the plan--
                    ``(A) implements performance-based 
                activities, including deployment and 
                maintenance of technology to enhance the 
                efficiency and effectiveness of commercial 
                motor vehicle safety programs;
                    ``(B) designates a lead State commercial 
                motor vehicle safety agency responsible for 
                administering the plan throughout the State;
                    ``(C) contains satisfactory assurances that 
                the lead State commercial motor vehicle safety 
                agency has or will have the legal authority, 
                resources, and qualified personnel necessary to 
                enforce the regulations, standards, and orders;
                    ``(D) contains satisfactory assurances that 
                the State will devote adequate resources to the 
                administration of the plan and enforcement of 
                the regulations, standards, and orders;
                    ``(E) provides a right of entry (or other 
                method a State may use that the Secretary 
                determines is adequate to obtain necessary 
                information) and inspection to carry out the 
                plan;
                    ``(F) provides that all reports required 
                under this section be available to the 
                Secretary on request;
                    ``(G) provides that the lead State 
                commercial motor vehicle safety agency will 
                adopt the reporting requirements and use the 
                forms for recordkeeping, inspections, and 
                investigations that the Secretary prescribes;
                    ``(H) requires all registrants of 
                commercial motor vehicles to demonstrate 
                knowledge of applicable safety regulations, 
                standards, and orders of the Federal Government 
                and the State;
                    ``(I) provides that the State will grant 
                maximum reciprocity for inspections conducted 
                under the North American Inspection Standards 
                through the use of a nationally accepted system 
                that allows ready identification of previously 
                inspected commercial motor vehicles;
                    ``(J) ensures that activities described in 
                subsection (h), if financed through grants to 
                the State made under this section, will not 
                diminish the effectiveness of the development 
                and implementation of the programs to improve 
                motor carrier, commercial motor vehicle, and 
                driver safety as described in subsection (b);
                    ``(K) ensures that the lead State 
                commercial motor vehicle safety agency will 
                coordinate the plan, data collection, and 
                information systems with the State highway 
                safety improvement program required under 
                section 148(c) of title 23;
                    ``(L) ensures participation in appropriate 
                Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration 
                information technology and data systems and 
                other information systems by all appropriate 
                jurisdictions receiving motor carrier safety 
                assistance program funding;
                    ``(M) ensures that information is exchanged 
                among the States in a timely manner;
                    ``(N) provides satisfactory assurances that 
                the State will undertake efforts that will 
                emphasize and improve enforcement of State and 
                local traffic safety laws and regulations 
                related to commercial motor vehicle safety;
                    ``(O) provides satisfactory assurances that 
                the State will address national priorities and 
                performance goals, including--
                            ``(i) activities aimed at removing 
                        impaired commercial motor vehicle 
                        drivers from the highways of the United 
                        States through adequate enforcement of 
                        regulations on the use of alcohol and 
                        controlled substances and by ensuring 
                        ready roadside access to alcohol 
                        detection and measuring equipment;
                            ``(ii) activities aimed at 
                        providing an appropriate level of 
                        training to State motor carrier safety 
                        assistance program officers and 
                        employees on recognizing drivers 
                        impaired by alcohol or controlled 
                        substances; and
                            ``(iii) when conducted with an 
                        appropriate commercial motor vehicle 
                        inspection, criminal interdiction 
                        activities, and appropriate strategies 
                        for carrying out those interdiction 
                        activities, including interdiction 
                        activities that affect the 
                        transportation of controlled substances 
                        (as defined in section 102 of the 
                        Comprehensive Drug Abuse Prevention and 
                        Control Act of 1970 (21 U.S.C. 802) and 
                        listed in part 1308 of title 21, Code 
                        of Federal Regulations, as updated and 
                        republished from time to time) by any 
                        occupant of a commercial motor vehicle;
                    ``(P) provides that the State has 
                established and dedicated sufficient resources 
                to a program to ensure that--
                            ``(i) the State collects and 
                        reports to the Secretary accurate, 
                        complete, and timely motor carrier 
                        safety data; and
                            ``(ii) the State participates in a 
                        national motor carrier safety data 
                        correction system prescribed by the 
                        Secretary;
                    ``(Q) ensures that the State will cooperate 
                in the enforcement of financial responsibility 
                requirements under sections 13906, 31138, and 
                31139 and regulations issued under those 
                sections;
                    ``(R) ensures consistent, effective, and 
                reasonable sanctions;
                    ``(S) ensures that roadside inspections 
                will be conducted at locations that are 
                adequate to protect the safety of drivers and 
                enforcement personnel;
                    ``(T) provides that the State will include 
                in the training manuals for the licensing 
                examination to drive noncommercial motor 
                vehicles and commercial motor vehicles 
                information on best practices for driving 
                safely in the vicinity of noncommercial and 
                commercial motor vehicles;
                    ``(U) provides that the State will enforce 
                the registration requirements of sections 13902 
                and 31134 by prohibiting the operation of any 
                vehicle discovered to be operated by a motor 
                carrier without a registration issued under 
                those sections or to be operated beyond the 
                scope of the motor carrier's registration;
                    ``(V) provides that the State will conduct 
                comprehensive and highly visible traffic 
                enforcement and commercial motor vehicle safety 
                inspection programs in high-risk locations and 
                corridors;
                    ``(W) except in the case of an imminent 
                hazard or obvious safety hazard, ensures that 
                an inspection of a vehicle transporting 
                passengers for a motor carrier of passengers is 
                conducted at a bus station, terminal, border 
                crossing, maintenance facility, destination, or 
                other location where a motor carrier may make a 
                planned stop (excluding a weigh station);
                    ``(X) ensures that the State will transmit 
                to its roadside inspectors notice of each 
                Federal exemption granted under section 
                31315(b) of this title and sections 390.23 and 
                390.25 of title 49, Code of Federal 
                Regulations, and provided to the State by the 
                Secretary, including the name of the person 
                that received the exemption and any terms and 
                conditions that apply to the exemption;
                    ``(Y) except as provided in subsection (d), 
                provides that the State--
                            ``(i) will conduct safety audits of 
                        interstate and, at the State's 
                        discretion, intrastate new entrant 
                        motor carriers under section 31144(g); 
                        and
                            ``(ii) if the State authorizes a 
                        third party to conduct safety audits 
                        under section 31144(g) on its behalf, 
                        the State verifies the quality of the 
                        work conducted and remains solely 
                        responsible for the management and 
                        oversight of the activities;
                    ``(Z) provides that the State agrees to 
                fully participate in the performance and 
                registration information systems management 
                under section 31106(b) not later than October 
                1, 2020, by complying with the conditions for 
                participation under paragraph (3) of that 
                section, or demonstrates to the Secretary an 
                alternative approach for identifying and 
                immobilizing a motor carrier with serious 
                safety deficiencies in a manner that provides 
                an equivalent level of safety;
                    ``(AA) in the case of a State that shares a 
                land border with another country, provides that 
                the State--
                            ``(i) will conduct a border 
                        commercial motor vehicle safety program 
                        focusing on international commerce that 
                        includes enforcement and related 
                        projects; or
                            ``(ii) will forfeit all funds 
                        calculated by the Secretary based on 
                        border-related activities if the State 
                        declines to conduct the program 
                        described in clause (i) in its plan; 
                        and
                    ``(BB) in the case of a State that meets 
                the other requirements of this section and 
                agrees to comply with the requirements 
                established in subsection (l)(3), provides that 
                the State may fund operation and maintenance 
                costs associated with innovative technology 
                deployment under subsection (l)(3) with motor 
                carrier safety assistance program funds 
                authorized under section 31104(a)(1).
            ``(3) Publication.--
                    ``(A) In general.--Subject to subparagraph 
                (B), the Secretary shall publish each approved 
                State multiple-year plan, and each annual 
                update thereto, on a publically accessible 
                Internet Web site of the Department of 
                Transportation not later than 30 days after the 
                date the Secretary approves the plan or update.
                    ``(B) Limitation.--Before publishing an 
                approved State multiple-year plan or annual 
                update under subparagraph (A), the Secretary 
                shall redact any information identified by the 
                State that, if disclosed--
                            ``(i) would reasonably be expected 
                        to interfere with enforcement 
                        proceedings; or
                            ``(ii) would reveal enforcement 
                        techniques or procedures that would 
                        reasonably be expected to risk 
                        circumvention of the law.
    ``(d) Exclusion of U.S. Territories.--The requirement that 
a State conduct safety audits of new entrant motor carriers 
under subsection (c)(2)(Y) does not apply to a territory of the 
United States unless required by the Secretary.
    ``(e) Intrastate Compatibility.--The Secretary shall 
prescribe regulations specifying tolerance guidelines and 
standards for ensuring compatibility of intrastate commercial 
motor vehicle safety laws, including regulations, with Federal 
motor carrier safety regulations to be enforced under 
subsections (b) and (c). To the extent practicable, the 
guidelines and standards shall allow for maximum flexibility 
while ensuring a degree of uniformity that will not diminish 
motor vehicle safety.
    ``(f) Maintenance of Effort.--
            ``(1) Baseline.--Except as provided under 
        paragraphs (2) and (3) and in accordance with section 
        5107 of the FAST Act, a State plan under subsection (c) 
        shall provide that the total expenditure of amounts of 
        the lead State commercial motor vehicle safety agency 
        responsible for administering the plan will be 
        maintained at a level each fiscal year that is at least 
        equal to--
                    ``(A) the average level of that expenditure 
                for fiscal years 2004 and 2005; or
                    ``(B) the level of that expenditure for the 
                year in which the Secretary implements a new 
                allocation formula under section 5106 of the 
                FAST Act.
            ``(2) Adjusted baseline after fiscal year 2017.--At 
        the request of a State, the Secretary may evaluate 
        additional documentation related to the maintenance of 
        effort and may make reasonable adjustments to the 
        maintenance of effort baseline after the year in which 
        the Secretary implements a new allocation formula under 
        section 5106 of the FAST Act, and this adjusted 
        baseline will replace the maintenance of effort 
        requirement under paragraph (1).
            ``(3) Waivers.--At the request of a State, the 
        Secretary may waive or modify the requirements of this 
        subsection for a total of 1 fiscal year if the 
        Secretary determines that the waiver or modification is 
        reasonable, based on circumstances described by the 
        State, to ensure the continuation of commercial motor 
        vehicle enforcement activities in the State.
            ``(4) Level of state expenditures.--In estimating 
        the average level of a State's expenditures under 
        paragraph (1), the Secretary--
                    ``(A) may allow the State to exclude State 
                expenditures for federally sponsored 
                demonstration and pilot programs and strike 
                forces;
                    ``(B) may allow the State to exclude 
                expenditures for activities related to border 
                enforcement and new entrant safety audits; and
                    ``(C) shall require the State to exclude 
                State matching amounts used to receive Federal 
                financing under section 31104.
    ``(g) Use of Unified Carrier Registration Fees Agreement.--
Amounts generated under section 14504a and received by a State 
and used for motor carrier safety purposes may be included as 
part of the State's match required under section 31104 or 
maintenance of effort required by subsection (f).
    ``(h) Use of Grants To Enforce Other Laws.--When approved 
as part of a State's plan under subsection (c), the State may 
use motor carrier safety assistance program funds received 
under this section--
            ``(1) if the activities are carried out in 
        conjunction with an appropriate inspection of a 
        commercial motor vehicle to enforce Federal or State 
        commercial motor vehicle safety regulations, for--
                    ``(A) enforcement of commercial motor 
                vehicle size and weight limitations at 
                locations, excluding fixed-weight facilities, 
                such as near steep grades or mountainous 
                terrains, where the weight of a commercial 
                motor vehicle can significantly affect the safe 
                operation of the vehicle, or at ports where 
                intermodal shipping containers enter and leave 
                the United States; and
                    ``(B) detection of and enforcement actions 
                taken as a result of criminal activity, 
                including the trafficking of human beings, in a 
                commercial motor vehicle or by any occupant, 
                including the operator, of the commercial motor 
                vehicle; and
            ``(2) for documented enforcement of State traffic 
        laws and regulations designed to promote the safe 
        operation of commercial motor vehicles, including 
        documented enforcement of such laws and regulations 
        relating to noncommercial motor vehicles when necessary 
        to promote the safe operation of commercial motor 
        vehicles, if--
                    ``(A) the number of motor carrier safety 
                activities, including roadside safety 
                inspections, conducted in the State is 
                maintained at a level at least equal to the 
                average level of such activities conducted in 
                the State in fiscal years 2004 and 2005; and
                    ``(B) the State does not use more than 10 
                percent of the basic amount the State receives 
                under a grant awarded under section 31104(a)(1) 
                for enforcement activities relating to 
                noncommercial motor vehicles necessary to 
                promote the safe operation of commercial motor 
                vehicles unless the Secretary determines that a 
                higher percentage will result in significant 
                increases in commercial motor vehicle safety.
    ``(i) Evaluation of Plans and Award of Grants.--
            ``(1) Awards.--The Secretary shall establish 
        criteria for the application, evaluation, and approval 
        of State plans under this section. Subject to 
        subsection (j), the Secretary may allocate the amounts 
        made available under section 31104(a)(1) among the 
        States.
            ``(2) Opportunity to cure.--If the Secretary 
        disapproves a plan under this section, the Secretary 
        shall give the State a written explanation of the 
        reasons for disapproval and allow the State to modify 
        and resubmit the plan for approval.
    ``(j) Allocation of Funds.--
            ``(1) In general.--The Secretary, by regulation, 
        shall prescribe allocation criteria for funds made 
        available under section 31104(a)(1).
            ``(2) Annual allocations.--On October 1 of each 
        fiscal year, or as soon as practicable thereafter, and 
        after making a deduction under section 31104(c), the 
        Secretary shall allocate amounts made available under 
        section 31104(a)(1) to carry out this section for the 
        fiscal year among the States with plans approved under 
        this section in accordance with the criteria prescribed 
        under paragraph (1).
            ``(3) Elective adjustments.--Subject to the 
        availability of funding and notwithstanding 
        fluctuations in the data elements used by the Secretary 
        to calculate the annual allocation amounts, after the 
        creation of a new allocation formula under section 5106 
        of the FAST Act, the Secretary may not make elective 
        adjustments to the allocation formula that decrease a 
        State's Federal funding levels by more than 3 percent 
        in a fiscal year. The 3 percent limit shall not apply 
        to the withholding provisions of subsection (k).
    ``(k) Plan Monitoring.--
            ``(1) In general.--On the basis of reports 
        submitted by the lead State agency responsible for 
        administering a State plan approved under this section 
        and an investigation by the Secretary, the Secretary 
        shall periodically evaluate State implementation of and 
        compliance with the State plan.
            ``(2) Withholding of funds.--
                    ``(A) Disapproval.--If, after notice and an 
                opportunity to be heard, the Secretary finds 
                that a State plan previously approved under 
                this section is not being followed or has 
                become inadequate to ensure enforcement of 
                State regulations, standards, or orders 
                described in subsection (c)(1), or the State is 
                otherwise not in compliance with the 
                requirements of this section, the Secretary may 
                withdraw approval of the State plan and notify 
                the State. Upon the receipt of such notice, the 
                State plan shall no longer be in effect and the 
                Secretary shall withhold all funding to the 
                State under this section.
                    ``(B) Noncompliance withholding.--In lieu 
                of withdrawing approval of a State plan under 
                subparagraph (A), the Secretary may, after 
                providing notice to the State and an 
                opportunity to be heard, withhold funding from 
                the State to which the State would otherwise be 
                entitled under this section for the period of 
                the State's noncompliance. In exercising this 
                option, the Secretary may withhold--
                            ``(i) up to 5 percent of funds 
                        during the fiscal year that the 
                        Secretary notifies the State of its 
                        noncompliance;
                            ``(ii) up to 10 percent of funds 
                        for the first full fiscal year of 
                        noncompliance;
                            ``(iii) up to 25 percent of funds 
                        for the second full fiscal year of 
                        noncompliance; and
                            ``(iv) not more than 50 percent of 
                        funds for the third and any subsequent 
                        full fiscal year of noncompliance.
            ``(3) Judicial review.--A State adversely affected 
        by a determination under paragraph (2) may seek 
        judicial review under chapter 7 of title 5. 
        Notwithstanding the disapproval of a State plan under 
        paragraph (2)(A) or the withholding of funds under 
        paragraph (2)(B), the State may retain jurisdiction in 
        an administrative or a judicial proceeding that 
        commenced before the notice of disapproval or 
        withholding if the issues involved are not related 
        directly to the reasons for the disapproval or 
        withholding.
    ``(l) High Priority Program.--
            ``(1) In general.--The Secretary shall administer a 
        high priority program funded under section 31104(a)(2) 
        for the purposes described in paragraphs (2) and (3).
            ``(2) Activities related to motor carrier safety.--
        The Secretary may make discretionary grants to and 
        enter into cooperative agreements with States, local 
        governments, federally recognized Indian tribes, other 
        political jurisdictions as necessary, and any person to 
        carry out high priority activities and projects that 
        augment motor carrier safety activities and projects 
        planned in accordance with subsections (b) and (c), 
        including activities and projects that--
                    ``(A) increase public awareness and 
                education on commercial motor vehicle safety;
                    ``(B) target unsafe driving of commercial 
                motor vehicles and noncommercial motor vehicles 
                in areas identified as high risk crash 
                corridors;
                    ``(C) improve the safe and secure movement 
                of hazardous materials;
                    ``(D) improve safe transportation of goods 
                and persons in foreign commerce;
                    ``(E) demonstrate new technologies to 
                improve commercial motor vehicle safety;
                    ``(F) support participation in performance 
                and registration information systems management 
                under section 31106(b)--
                            ``(i) for entities not responsible 
                        for submitting the plan under 
                        subsection (c); or
                            ``(ii) for entities responsible for 
                        submitting the plan under subsection 
                        (c)--
                                    ``(I) before October 1, 
                                2020, to achieve compliance 
                                with the requirements of 
                                participation; and
                                    ``(II) beginning on October 
                                1, 2020, or once compliance is 
                                achieved, whichever is sooner, 
                                for special initiatives or 
                                projects that exceed routine 
                                operations required for 
                                participation;
                    ``(G) conduct safety data improvement 
                projects--
                            ``(i) that complete or exceed the 
                        requirements under subsection (c)(2)(P) 
                        for entities not responsible for 
                        submitting the plan under subsection 
                        (c); or
                            ``(ii) that exceed the requirements 
                        under subsection (c)(2)(P) for entities 
                        responsible for submitting the plan 
                        under subsection (c); and
                    ``(H) otherwise improve commercial motor 
                vehicle safety and compliance with commercial 
                motor vehicle safety regulations.
            ``(3) Innovative technology deployment grant 
        program.--
                    ``(A) In general.--The Secretary shall 
                establish an innovative technology deployment 
                grant program to make discretionary grants to 
                eligible States for the innovative technology 
                deployment of commercial motor vehicle 
                information systems and networks.
                    ``(B) Purposes.--The purposes of the 
                program shall be--
                            ``(i) to advance the technological 
                        capability and promote the deployment 
                        of intelligent transportation system 
                        applications for commercial motor 
                        vehicle operations, including 
                        commercial motor vehicle, commercial 
                        driver, and carrier-specific 
                        information systems and networks; and
                            ``(ii) to support and maintain 
                        commercial motor vehicle information 
                        systems and networks--
                                    ``(I) to link Federal motor 
                                carrier safety information 
                                systems with State commercial 
                                motor vehicle systems;
                                    ``(II) to improve the 
                                safety and productivity of 
                                commercial motor vehicles and 
                                drivers; and
                                    ``(III) to reduce costs 
                                associated with commercial 
                                motor vehicle operations and 
                                Federal and State commercial 
                                motor vehicle regulatory 
                                requirements.
                    ``(C) Eligibility.--To be eligible for a 
                grant under this paragraph, a State shall--
                            ``(i) have a commercial motor 
                        vehicle information systems and 
                        networks program plan approved by the 
                        Secretary that describes the various 
                        systems and networks at the State level 
                        that need to be refined, revised, 
                        upgraded, or built to accomplish 
                        deployment of commercial motor vehicle 
                        information systems and networks 
                        capabilities;
                            ``(ii) certify to the Secretary 
                        that its commercial motor vehicle 
                        information systems and networks 
                        deployment activities, including 
                        hardware procurement, software and 
                        system development, and infrastructure 
                        modifications--
                                    ``(I) are consistent with 
                                the national intelligent 
                                transportation systems and 
                                commercial motor vehicle 
                                information systems and 
                                networks architectures and 
                                available standards; and
                                    ``(II) promote 
                                interoperability and efficiency 
                                to the extent practicable; and
                            ``(iii) agree to execute 
                        interoperability tests developed by the 
                        Federal Motor Carrier Safety 
                        Administration to verify that its 
                        systems conform with the national 
                        intelligent transportation systems 
                        architecture, applicable standards, and 
                        protocols for commercial motor vehicle 
                        information systems and networks.
                    ``(D) Use of funds.--Grant funds received 
                under this paragraph may be used--
                            ``(i) for deployment activities and 
                        activities to develop new and 
                        innovative advanced technology 
                        solutions that support commercial motor 
                        vehicle information systems and 
                        networks;
                            ``(ii) for planning activities, 
                        including the development or updating 
                        of program or top level design plans in 
                        order to become eligible or maintain 
                        eligibility under subparagraph (C); and
                            ``(iii) for the operation and 
                        maintenance costs associated with 
                        innovative technology.
                    ``(E) Secretary authorization.--The 
                Secretary is authorized to award a State 
                funding for the operation and maintenance costs 
                associated with innovative technology 
                deployment with funds made available under 
                sections 31104(a)(1) and 31104(a)(2).''.
    (b) Commercial Motor Vehicle Operators Grant Program.--
Section 31103 of title 49, United States Code, is amended to 
read as follows:

``Sec. 31103. Commercial motor vehicle operators grant program

    ``(a) In General.--The Secretary shall administer a 
commercial motor vehicle operators grant program funded under 
section 31104.
    ``(b) Purpose.--The purpose of the grant program is to 
train individuals in the safe operation of commercial motor 
vehicles (as defined in section 31301).
    ``(c) Veterans.--In administering grants under this 
section, the Secretary shall award priority to grant 
applications for programs to train former members of the armed 
forces (as defined in section 101 of title 10) in the safe 
operation of such vehicles.''.
    (c) Authorization of Appropriations.--Section 31104 of 
title 49, United States Code, as amended by this Act, is 
further amended on the effective date set forth in subsection 
(f) to read as follows:

``Sec. 31104. Authorization of appropriations

    ``(a) Financial Assistance Programs.--The following sums 
are authorized to be appropriated from the Highway Trust Fund 
(other than the Mass Transit Account):
            ``(1) Motor carrier safety assistance program.--
        Subject to paragraph (2) and subsection (c), to carry 
        out section 31102 (except subsection (l))--
                    ``(A) $292,600,000 for fiscal year 2017;
                    ``(B) $298,900,000 for fiscal year 2018;
                    ``(C) $304,300,000 for fiscal year 2019; 
                and
                    ``(D) $308,700,000 for fiscal year 2020.
            ``(2) High priority activities program.--Subject to 
        subsection (c), to carry out section 31102(l)--
                    ``(A) $42,200,000 for fiscal year 2017;
                    ``(B) $43,100,000 for fiscal year 2018;
                    ``(C) $44,000,000 for fiscal year 2019; and
                    ``(D) $44,900,000 for fiscal year 2020.
            ``(3) Commercial motor vehicle operators grant 
        program.--To carry out section 31103--
                    ``(A) $1,000,000 for fiscal year 2017;
                    ``(B) $1,000,000 for fiscal year 2018;
                    ``(C) $1,000,000 for fiscal year 2019; and
                    ``(D) $1,000,000 for fiscal year 2020.
            ``(4) Commercial driver's license program 
        implementation program.--Subject to subsection (c), to 
        carry out section 31313--
                    ``(A) $31,200,000 for fiscal year 2017;
                    ``(B) $31,800,000 for fiscal year 2018;
                    ``(C) $32,500,000 for fiscal year 2019; and
                    ``(D) $33,200,000 for fiscal year 2020.
    ``(b) Reimbursement and Payment to Recipients for 
Government Share of Costs.--
            ``(1) In general.--Amounts made available under 
        subsection (a) shall be used to reimburse financial 
        assistance recipients proportionally for the Federal 
        Government's share of the costs incurred.
            ``(2) Reimbursement amounts.--The Secretary shall 
        reimburse a recipient, in accordance with a financial 
        assistance agreement made under section 31102, 31103, 
        or 31313, an amount that is at least 85 percent of the 
        costs incurred by the recipient in a fiscal year in 
        developing and implementing programs under such 
        sections. The Secretary shall pay the recipient an 
        amount not more than the Federal Government share of 
        the total costs approved by the Federal Government in 
        the financial assistance agreement. The Secretary shall 
        include a recipient's in-kind contributions in 
        determining the reimbursement.
            ``(3) Vouchers.--Each recipient shall submit 
        vouchers at least quarterly for costs the recipient 
        incurs in developing and implementing programs under 
        sections 31102, 31103, and 31313.
    ``(c) Deductions for Partner Training and Program 
Support.--On October 1 of each fiscal year, or as soon after 
that date as practicable, the Secretary may deduct from amounts 
made available under paragraphs (1), (2), and (4) of subsection 
(a) for that fiscal year not more than 1.50 percent of those 
amounts for partner training and program support in that fiscal 
year. The Secretary shall use at least 75 percent of those 
deducted amounts to train non-Federal Government employees and 
to develop related training materials in carrying out such 
programs.
    ``(d) Grants and Cooperative Agreements as Contractual 
Obligations.--The approval of a financial assistance agreement 
by the Secretary under section 31102, 31103, or 31313 is a 
contractual obligation of the Federal Government for payment of 
the Federal Government's share of costs in carrying out the 
provisions of the grant or cooperative agreement.
    ``(e) Eligible Activities.--The Secretary shall establish 
criteria for eligible activities to be funded with financial 
assistance agreements under this section and publish those 
criteria in a notice of funding availability before the 
financial assistance program application period.
    ``(f) Period of Availability of Financial Assistance 
Agreement Funds for Recipient Expenditures.--The period of 
availability for a recipient to expend funds under a grant or 
cooperative agreement authorized under subsection (a) is as 
follows:
            ``(1) For grants made for carrying out section 
        31102, other than section 31102(l), for the fiscal year 
        in which the Secretary approves the financial 
        assistance agreement and for the next fiscal year.
            ``(2) For grants made or cooperative agreements 
        entered into for carrying out section 31102(l)(2), for 
        the fiscal year in which the Secretary approves the 
        financial assistance agreement and for the next 2 
        fiscal years.
            ``(3) For grants made for carrying out section 
        31102(l)(3), for the fiscal year in which the Secretary 
        approves the financial assistance agreement and for the 
        next 4 fiscal years.
            ``(4) For grants made for carrying out section 
        31103, for the fiscal year in which the Secretary 
        approves the financial assistance agreement and for the 
        next fiscal year.
            ``(5) For grants made or cooperative agreements 
        entered into for carrying out section 31313, for the 
        fiscal year in which the Secretary approves the 
        financial assistance agreement and for the next 4 
        fiscal years.
    ``(g) Contract Authority; Initial Date of Availability.--
Amounts authorized from the Highway Trust Fund (other than the 
Mass Transit Account) by this section shall be available for 
obligation on the date of their apportionment or allocation or 
on October 1 of the fiscal year for which they are authorized, 
whichever occurs first.
    ``(h) Availability of Funding.--Amounts made available 
under this section shall remain available until expended.
    ``(i) Reallocation.--Amounts not expended by a recipient 
during the period of availability shall be released back to the 
Secretary for reallocation for any purpose under section 31102, 
31103, or 31313 or this section to ensure, to the maximum 
extent possible, that all such amounts are obligated.''.
    (d) Clerical Amendment.--The analysis for chapter 311 of 
title 49, United States Code, is amended by striking the items 
relating to sections 31102, 31103, and 31104 and inserting the 
following:

``31102. Motor carrier safety assistance program.
``31103. Commercial motor vehicle operators grant program.
``31104. Authorization of appropriations.''.
    (e) Conforming Amendments.--
            (1) Safety fitness of owners and operator; safety 
        reviews of new operators.--Section 31144(g) of title 
        49, United States Code, is amended by striking 
        paragraph (5).
            (2) Information systems; performance and 
        registration information program.--Section 31106(b) of 
        title 49, United States Code, is amended by striking 
        paragraph (4).
            (3) Border enforcement grants.--Section 31107 of 
        title 49, United States Code, and the item relating to 
        that section in the analysis for chapter 311 of that 
        title, are repealed.
            (4) Performance and registration information system 
        management.--Section 31109 of title 49, United States 
        Code, and the item relating to that section in the 
        analysis for chapter 311 of that title, are repealed.
            (5) Commercial vehicle information systems and 
        networks deployment.--Section 4126 of SAFETEA-LU (49 
        U.S.C. 31106 note), and the item relating to that 
        section in the table of contents contained in section 
        1(b) of that Act, are repealed.
            (6) Safety data improvement program.--Section 4128 
        of SAFETEA-LU (49 U.S.C. 31100 note), and the item 
        relating to that section in the table of contents 
        contained in section 1(b) of that Act, are repealed.
            (7) Grant program for commercial motor vehicle 
        operators.--Section 4134 of SAFETEA-LU (49 U.S.C. 31301 
        note), and the item relating to that section in the 
        table of contents contained in section 1(b) of that 
        Act, are repealed.
            (8) Maintenance of effort as condition on grants to 
        states.--Section 103(c) of the Motor Carrier Safety 
        Improvement Act of 1999 (49 U.S.C. 31102 note) is 
        repealed.
            (9) State compliance with cdl requirements.--
        Section 103(e) of the Motor Carrier Safety Improvement 
        Act of 1999 (49 U.S.C. 31102 note) is repealed.
            (10) Border staffing standards.--Section 218(d) of 
        the Motor Carrier Safety Improvement Act of 1999 (49 
        U.S.C. 31133 note) is amended--
                    (A) in paragraph (1) by striking ``section 
                31104(f)(2)(B) of title 49, United States 
                Code'' and inserting ``section 31104(a)(1) of 
                title 49, United States Code''; and
                    (B) by striking paragraph (3).
            (11) Winter home heating oil delivery state 
        flexibility program.--Section 346 of the National 
        Highway System Designation Act of 1995 (49 U.S.C. 31166 
        note), and the item relating to that section in the 
        table of contents in section 1(b) of that Act, are 
        repealed.
    (f) Effective Date.--The amendments made by this section 
shall take effect on October 1, 2016.
    (g) Transition.--Notwithstanding the amendments made by 
this section, the Secretary shall carry out sections 31102, 
31103, and 31104 of title 49, United States Code, and any 
sections repealed under subsection (e), as necessary, as those 
sections were in effect on the day before October 1, 2016, with 
respect to applications for grants, cooperative agreements, or 
contracts under those sections submitted before October 1, 
2016.

SEC. 5102. PERFORMANCE AND REGISTRATION INFORMATION SYSTEMS MANAGEMENT.

    Section 31106(b) of title 49, United States Code, is 
amended in the subsection heading by striking ``Program'' and 
inserting ``Systems Management''.

SEC. 5103. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

    (a) In General.--Subchapter I of chapter 311 of title 49, 
United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the 
following:

``Sec. 31110. Authorization of appropriations

    ``(a) Administrative Expenses.--There is authorized to be 
appropriated from the Highway Trust Fund (other than the Mass 
Transit Account) for the Secretary of Transportation to pay 
administrative expenses of the Federal Motor Carrier Safety 
Administration--
            ``(1) $267,400,000 for fiscal year 2016;
            ``(2) $277,200,000 for fiscal year 2017;
            ``(3) $283,000,000 for fiscal year 2018;
            ``(4) $284,000,000 for fiscal year 2019; and
            ``(5) $288,000,000 for fiscal year 2020.
    ``(b) Use of Funds.--The funds authorized by this section 
shall be used for--
            ``(1) personnel costs;
            ``(2) administrative infrastructure;
            ``(3) rent;
            ``(4) information technology;
            ``(5) programs for research and technology, 
        information management, regulatory development, and the 
        administration of performance and registration 
        information systems management under section 31106(b);
            ``(6) programs for outreach and education under 
        subsection (c);
            ``(7) other operating expenses;
            ``(8) conducting safety reviews of new operators; 
        and
            ``(9) such other expenses as may from time to time 
        become necessary to implement statutory mandates of the 
        Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration not funded 
        from other sources.
    ``(c) Outreach and Education Program.--
            ``(1) In general.--The Secretary may conduct, 
        through any combination of grants, contracts, 
        cooperative agreements, and other activities, an 
        internal and external outreach and education program to 
        be administered by the Administrator of the Federal 
        Motor Carrier Safety Administration.
            ``(2) Federal share.--The Federal share of an 
        outreach and education project for which a grant, 
        contract, or cooperative agreement is made under this 
        subsection may be up to 100 percent of the cost of the 
        project.
            ``(3) Funding.--From amounts made available under 
        subsection (a), the Secretary shall make available not 
        more than $4,000,000 each fiscal year to carry out this 
        subsection.
    ``(d) Contract Authority; Initial Date of Availability.--
Amounts authorized from the Highway Trust Fund (other than the 
Mass Transit Account) by this section shall be available for 
obligation on the date of their apportionment or allocation or 
on October 1 of the fiscal year for which they are authorized, 
whichever occurs first.
    ``(e) Funding Availability.--Amounts made available under 
this section shall remain available until expended.
    ``(f) Contractual Obligation.--The approval of funds by the 
Secretary under this section is a contractual obligation of the 
Federal Government for payment of the Federal Government's 
share of costs.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The analysis for chapter 311 of 
title 49, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end 
of the items relating to subchapter I the following:

``31110. Authorization of appropriations.''.
    (c) Conforming Amendments.--
            (1) Administrative expenses; authorization of 
        appropriations.--Section 31104 of title 49, United 
        States Code, is amended--
                    (A) by striking subsection (i); and
                    (B) by redesignating subsections (j) and 
                (k) as subsections (i) and (j), respectively.
            (2) Use of amounts made available under subsection 
        (i).--Section 4116(d) of SAFETEA-LU (49 U.S.C. 31104 
        note) is amended by striking ``section 31104(i)'' and 
        inserting ``section 31110''.
            (3) International cooperation.--Section 31161 of 
        title 49, United States Code, is amended by striking 
        ``section 31104(i)'' and inserting ``section 31110''.
            (4) SAFETEA-LU; outreach and education.--Section 
        4127 of SAFETEA-LU (119 Stat. 1741; Public Law 109-59), 
        and the item relating to that section in the table of 
        contents contained in section 1(b) of that Act, are 
        repealed.

SEC. 5104. COMMERCIAL DRIVER'S LICENSE PROGRAM IMPLEMENTATION.

    (a) In General.--Section 31313 of title 49, United States 
Code, is amended to read as follows:

``Sec. 31313. Commercial driver's license program implementation 
                    financial assistance program

    ``(a) Financial Assistance Program.--
            ``(1) In general.--The Secretary of Transportation 
        shall administer a financial assistance program for 
        commercial driver's license program implementation for 
        the purposes described in paragraphs (2) and (3).
            ``(2) State commercial driver's license program 
        implementation grants.--In carrying out the program, 
        the Secretary may make a grant to a State agency in a 
        fiscal year--
                    ``(A) to assist the State in complying with 
                the requirements of section 31311; and
                    ``(B) in the case of a State that is making 
                a good faith effort toward substantial 
                compliance with the requirements of section 
                31311, to improve the State's implementation of 
                its commercial driver's license program, 
                including expenses--
                            ``(i) for computer hardware and 
                        software;
                            ``(ii) for publications, testing, 
                        personnel, training, and quality 
                        control;
                            ``(iii) for commercial driver's 
                        license program coordinators; and
                            ``(iv) to implement or maintain a 
                        system to notify an employer of an 
                        operator of a commercial motor vehicle 
                        of the suspension or revocation of the 
                        operator's commercial driver's license 
                        consistent with the standards developed 
                        under section 32303(b) of the 
                        Commercial Motor Vehicle Safety 
                        Enhancement Act of 2012 (49 U.S.C. 
                        31304 note).
            ``(3) Priority activities.--The Secretary may make 
        a grant to or enter into a cooperative agreement with a 
        State agency, local government, or any person in a 
        fiscal year for research, development and testing, 
        demonstration projects, public education, and other 
        special activities and projects relating to commercial 
        drivers licensing and motor vehicle safety that--
                    ``(A) benefit all jurisdictions of the 
                United States;
                    ``(B) address national safety concerns and 
                circumstances;
                    ``(C) address emerging issues relating to 
                commercial driver's license improvements;
                    ``(D) support innovative ideas and 
                solutions to commercial driver's license 
                program issues; or
                    ``(E) address other commercial driver's 
                license issues, as determined by the Secretary.
    ``(b) Prohibitions.--A recipient may not use financial 
assistance funds awarded under this section to rent, lease, or 
buy land or buildings.
    ``(c) Report.--The Secretary shall issue an annual report 
on the activities carried out under this section.
    ``(d) Apportionment.--All amounts made available to carry 
out this section for a fiscal year shall be apportioned to a 
recipient described in subsection (a)(3) according to criteria 
prescribed by the Secretary.
    ``(e) Funding.--For fiscal years beginning after September 
30, 2016, this section shall be funded under section 31104.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The analysis for chapter 313 of 
title 49, United States Code, is amended by striking the item 
relating to section 31313 and inserting the following:

``31313. Commercial driver's license program implementation financial 
          assistance program.''.

SEC. 5105. EXTENSION OF FEDERAL MOTOR CARRIER SAFETY PROGRAMS FOR 
                    FISCAL YEAR 2016.

    (a) Motor Carrier Safety Assistance Program Grant 
Extension.--Section 31104(a) of title 49, United States Code, 
is amended by striking paragraphs (10) and (11) and inserting 
the following:
            ``(10) $218,000,000 for fiscal year 2015; and
            ``(11) $218,000,000 for fiscal year 2016.''.
    (b) Extension of Grant Programs.--Section 4101(c) of 
SAFETEA-LU (119 Stat. 1715; Public Law 109-59) is amended to 
read as follows:
    ``(c) Authorization of Appropriations.--The following sums 
are authorized to be appropriated from the Highway Trust Fund 
(other than the Mass Transit Account):
            ``(1) Commercial driver's license program 
        improvement grants.--For carrying out the commercial 
        driver's license program improvement grants program 
        under section 31313 of title 49, United States Code, 
        $30,000,000 for fiscal year 2016.
            ``(2) Border enforcement grants.--For border 
        enforcement grants under section 31107 of that title 
        $32,000,000 for fiscal year 2016.
            ``(3) Performance and registration information 
        systems management grant program.--For the performance 
        and registration information systems management grant 
        program under section 31109 of that title $5,000,000 
        for fiscal year 2016.
            ``(4) Commercial vehicle information systems and 
        networks deployment.--For carrying out the commercial 
        vehicle information systems and networks deployment 
        program under section 4126 of this Act $25,000,000 for 
        fiscal year 2016.
            ``(5) Safety data improvement grants.--For safety 
        data improvement grants under section 4128 of this Act 
        $3,000,000 for fiscal year 2016.''.
    (c) High-Priority Activities.--Section 31104(j)(2) of title 
49, United States Code, as redesignated by this subtitle, is 
amended by striking ``2015'' the first place it appears and all 
that follows through ``for States,'' and inserting ``2016 for 
States,''.
    (d) New Entrant Audits.--Section 31144(g)(5)(B) of title 
49, United States Code, is amended to read as follows:
                    ``(B) Set aside.--The Secretary shall set 
                aside from amounts made available under section 
                31104(a) up to $32,000,000 for fiscal year 2016 
                for audits of new entrant motor carriers 
                conducted under this paragraph.''.
    (e) Grant Program for Commercial Motor Vehicle Operators.--
Section 4134(c) of SAFETEA-LU (49 U.S.C. 31301 note) is amended 
to read as follows:
    ``(c) Funding.--From amounts made available under section 
31110 of title 49, United States Code, the Secretary shall make 
available, $1,000,000 for fiscal year 2016 to carry out this 
section.''.
    (f) Commercial Vehicle Information Systems and Networks 
Deployment.--
            (1) In general.--Section 4126 of SAFETEA-LU (49 
        U.S.C. 31106 note; 119 Stat. 1738; Public Law 109-59) 
        is amended--
                    (A) in subsection (c)--
                            (i) in paragraph (2) by adding at 
                        the end the following: ``Funds 
                        deobligated by the Secretary from 
                        previous year grants shall not be 
                        counted toward the $2,500,000 maximum 
                        aggregate amount for core 
                        deployment.''; and
                            (ii) in paragraph (3) by adding at 
                        the end the following: ``Funds may also 
                        be used for planning activities, 
                        including the development or updating 
                        of program or top level design 
                        plans.''; and
                    (B) in subsection (d)(4) by adding at the 
                end the following: ``Funds may also be used for 
                planning activities, including the development 
                or updating of program or top level design 
                plans.''.
            (2) Innovative technology deployment program.--For 
        fiscal year 2016, the commercial vehicle information 
        systems and networks deployment program under section 
        4126 of SAFETEA-LU (119 Stat. 1738; Public Law 109-59) 
        may also be referred to as the innovative technology 
        deployment program.

SEC. 5106. MOTOR CARRIER SAFETY ASSISTANCE PROGRAM ALLOCATION.

    (a) Working Group.--
            (1) Establishment.--Not later than 180 days after 
        the date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall 
        establish a motor carrier safety assistance program 
        formula working group (in this section referred to as 
        the ``working group'').
            (2) Membership.--
                    (A) In general.--Subject to subparagraph 
                (B), the working group shall consist of 
                representatives of the following:
                            (i) The Federal Motor Carrier 
                        Safety Administration.
                            (ii) The lead State commercial 
                        motor vehicle safety agencies 
                        responsible for administering the plan 
                        required by section 31102 of title 49, 
                        United States Code.
                            (iii) An organization representing 
                        State agencies responsible for 
                        enforcing a program for inspection of 
                        commercial motor vehicles.
                            (iv) Such other persons as the 
                        Secretary considers necessary.
                    (B) Composition.--Representatives of State 
                commercial motor vehicle safety agencies shall 
                comprise at least 51 percent of the membership.
            (3) New allocation formula.--The working group 
        shall analyze requirements and factors for the 
        establishment of a new allocation formula for the motor 
        carrier safety assistance program under section 31102 
        of title 49, United States Code.
            (4) Recommendation.--Not later than 1 year after 
        the date the working group is established under 
        paragraph (1), the working group shall make a 
        recommendation to the Secretary regarding a new 
        allocation formula for the motor carrier safety 
        assistance program.
            (5) Exemption.--The Federal Advisory Committee Act 
        (5 U.S.C. App.) shall not apply to the working group 
        established under this subsection.
            (6) Publication.--The Administrator of the Federal 
        Motor Carrier Safety Administration shall publish on a 
        publicly accessible Internet Web site of the Federal 
        Motor Carrier Safety Administration--
                    (A) detailed summaries of the meetings of 
                the working group; and
                    (B) the final recommendation of the working 
                group provided to the Secretary.
    (b) Notice of Proposed Rulemaking.--After receiving the 
recommendation of the working group under subsection (a)(4), 
the Secretary shall publish in the Federal Register a notice 
seeking public comment on the establishment of a new allocation 
formula for the motor carrier safety assistance program.
    (c) Basis for Formula.--The Secretary shall ensure that the 
new allocation formula for the motor carrier safety assistance 
program is based on factors that reflect, at a minimum--
            (1) the relative needs of the States to comply with 
        section 31102 of title 49, United States Code;
            (2) the relative administrative capacities of and 
        challenges faced by States in complying with that 
        section;
            (3) the average of each State's new entrant motor 
        carrier inventory for the 3-year period prior to the 
        date of enactment of this Act;
            (4) the number of international border inspection 
        facilities and border crossings by commercial vehicles 
        in each State; and
            (5) any other factors the Secretary considers 
        appropriate.
    (d) Funding Amounts Prior to Development of New Allocation 
Formula.--
            (1) Interim formula.--Prior to the development of 
        the new allocation formula for the motor carrier safety 
        assistance program, the Secretary may calculate the 
        interim funding amounts for that program in fiscal year 
        2017 (and later fiscal years, as necessary) under 
        section 31104(a)(1) of title 49, United States Code, as 
        amended by this subtitle, by using the following 
        methodology:
                    (A) The Secretary shall calculate the 
                funding amount to a State using the allocation 
                formula the Secretary used to award motor 
                carrier safety assistance program funding in 
                fiscal year 2016 under section 31102 of title 
                49, United States Code.
                    (B) The Secretary shall average the funding 
                awarded or other equitable amounts to a State 
                in fiscal years 2013, 2014, and 2015 for--
                            (i) border enforcement grants under 
                        section 31107 of title 49, United 
                        States Code; and
                            (ii) new entrant audit grants under 
                        section 31144(g)(5) of that title.
                    (C) The Secretary shall add the amounts 
                calculated in subparagraphs (A) and (B).
            (2) Adjustments.--Subject to the availability of 
        funding and notwithstanding fluctuations in the data 
        elements used by the Secretary, the initial amounts 
        resulting from the calculation described in paragraph 
        (1) shall be adjusted to ensure that, for each State, 
        the amount shall not be less than 97 percent of the 
        average amount of funding received or other equitable 
        amounts in fiscal years 2013, 2014, and 2015 for--
                    (A) motor carrier safety assistance program 
                funds awarded to the State under section 31102 
                of title 49, United States Code;
                    (B) border enforcement grants awarded to 
                the State under section 31107 of title 49, 
                United States Code; and
                    (C) new entrant audit grants awarded to the 
                State under section 31144(g)(5) of title 49, 
                United States Code.
            (3) Immediate relief.--On the date of enactment of 
        this Act, and for the 3 fiscal years following the 
        implementation of the new allocation formula, the 
        Secretary shall terminate the withholding of motor 
        carrier safety assistance program funds from a State if 
        the State was subject to the withholding of such funds 
        for matters of noncompliance immediately prior to the 
        date of enactment of this Act.
            (4) Future withholdings.--Beginning on the date 
        that the new allocation formula for the motor carrier 
        safety assistance program is implemented, the Secretary 
        shall impose all future withholdings in accordance with 
        section 31102(k) of title 49, United States Code, as 
        amended by this subtitle.
    (e) Termination of Working Group.--The working group 
established under subsection (a) shall terminate on the date of 
the implementation of the new allocation formula for the motor 
carrier safety assistance program.

SEC. 5107. MAINTENANCE OF EFFORT CALCULATION.

    (a) Before New Allocation Formula.--
            (1) Fiscal year 2017.--If a new allocation formula 
        for the motor carrier safety assistance program has not 
        been established under this subtitle for fiscal year 
        2017, the Secretary shall calculate for fiscal year 
        2017 the maintenance of effort baseline required under 
        section 31102(f) of title 49, United States Code, as 
        amended by this subtitle, by averaging the expenditures 
        for fiscal years 2004 and 2005 required by section 
        31102(b)(4) of title 49, United States Code, as that 
        section was in effect on the day before the date of 
        enactment of this Act.
            (2) Subsequent fiscal years.--The Secretary may use 
        the methodology for calculating the maintenance of 
        effort baseline specified in paragraph (1) for fiscal 
        year 2018 and subsequent fiscal years if a new 
        allocation formula for the motor carrier safety 
        assistance program has not been established for that 
        fiscal year.
    (b) Beginning With New Allocation Formation.--
            (1) In general.--Subject to paragraphs (2) and 
        (3)(B), beginning on the date that a new allocation 
        formula for the motor carrier safety assistance program 
        is established under this subtitle, upon the request of 
        a State, the Secretary may waive or modify the baseline 
        maintenance of effort required of the State by section 
        31102(f) of title 49, United States Code, as amended by 
        this subtitle, for the purpose of establishing a new 
        baseline maintenance of effort if the Secretary 
        determines that a waiver or modification--
                    (A) is equitable due to reasonable 
                circumstances;
                    (B) will ensure the continuation of 
                commercial motor vehicle enforcement activities 
                in the State; and
                    (C) is necessary to ensure that the total 
                amount of State maintenance of effort and 
                matching expenditures required under sections 
                31102 and 31104 of title 49, United States 
                Code, as amended by this subtitle, does not 
                exceed a sum greater than the average of the 
                total amount of State maintenance of effort and 
                matching expenditures required under those 
                sections for the 3 fiscal years prior to the 
                date of enactment of this Act.
            (2) Adjustment methodology.--If requested by a 
        State, the Secretary may modify the maintenance of 
        effort baseline referred to in paragraph (1) for the 
        State according to the following methodology:
                    (A) The Secretary shall establish the 
                maintenance of effort baseline for the State 
                using the average baseline of fiscal years 2004 
                and 2005, as required by section 31102(b)(4) of 
                title 49, United States Code, as that section 
                was in effect on the day before the date of 
                enactment of this Act.
                    (B) The Secretary shall calculate the 
                average required match by a lead State 
                commercial motor vehicle safety agency for 
                fiscal years 2013, 2014, and 2015 for motor 
                carrier safety assistance grants established at 
                20 percent by section 31103 of title 49, United 
                States Code, as that section was in effect on 
                the day before the date of enactment of this 
                Act.
                    (C) The Secretary shall calculate the 
                estimated match required under section 31104(b) 
                of title 49, United States Code, as amended by 
                this subtitle.
                    (D) The Secretary shall subtract the amount 
                in subparagraph (B) from the amount in 
                subparagraph (C) and--
                            (i) if the number is greater than 
                        0, the Secretary shall subtract the 
                        number from the amount in subparagraph 
                        (A); or
                            (ii) if the number is not greater 
                        than 0, the Secretary shall calculate 
                        the maintenance of effort using the 
                        methodology in subparagraph (A).
            (3) Maintenance of effort amount.--
                    (A) In general.--The Secretary shall use 
                the amount calculated under paragraph (2) as 
                the baseline maintenance of effort required 
                under section 31102(f) of title 49, United 
                States Code, as amended by this subtitle.
                    (B) Deadline.--If a State does not request 
                a waiver or modification under this subsection 
                before September 30 during the first fiscal 
                year that the Secretary implements a new 
                allocation formula for the motor carrier safety 
                assistance program under this subtitle, the 
                Secretary shall calculate the maintenance of 
                effort using the methodology described in 
                paragraph (2)(A).
            (4) Maintenance of effort described.--The 
        maintenance of effort calculated under this section is 
        the amount required under section 31102(f) of title 49, 
        United States Code, as amended by this subtitle.
    (c) Termination of Effectiveness.--The authority of the 
Secretary under this section shall terminate effective on the 
date that a new maintenance of effort baseline is calculated 
based on a new allocation formula for the motor carrier safety 
assistance program implemented under section 31102 of title 49, 
United States Code.

     Subtitle B--Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration Reform

                       PART I--REGULATORY REFORM

SEC. 5201. NOTICE OF CANCELLATION OF INSURANCE.

    Section 13906(e) of title 49, United States Code, is 
amended by inserting ``or suspend'' after ``revoke''.

SEC. 5202. REGULATIONS.

    Section 31136 of title 49, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) by redesignating subsection (f) as subsection 
        (g) and transferring such subsection to appear at the 
        end of section 31315 of such title; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following:
    ``(f) Regulatory Impact Analysis.--
            ``(1) In general.--Within each regulatory impact 
        analysis of a proposed or final major rule issued by 
        the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration, the 
        Secretary shall, whenever practicable--
                    ``(A) consider the effects of the proposed 
                or final rule on different segments of the 
                motor carrier industry; and
                    ``(B) formulate estimates and findings 
                based on the best available science.
            ``(2) Scope.--To the extent feasible and 
        appropriate, and consistent with law, an analysis 
        described in paragraph (1) shall--
                    ``(A) use data that is representative of 
                commercial motor vehicle operators or motor 
                carriers, or both, that will be impacted by the 
                proposed or final rule; and
                    ``(B) consider the effects on commercial 
                truck and bus carriers of various sizes and 
                types.
    ``(g) Public Participation.--
            ``(1) In general.--If a proposed rule under this 
        part is likely to lead to the promulgation of a major 
        rule, the Secretary, before publishing such proposed 
        rule, shall--
                    ``(A) issue an advance notice of proposed 
                rulemaking; or
                    ``(B) proceed with a negotiated rulemaking.
            ``(2) Requirements.--Each advance notice of 
        proposed rulemaking issued under paragraph (1) shall--
                    ``(A) identify the need for a potential 
                regulatory action;
                    ``(B) identify and request public comment 
                on the best available science or technical 
                information relevant to analyzing potential 
                regulatory alternatives;
                    ``(C) request public comment on the 
                available data and costs with respect to 
                regulatory alternatives reasonably likely to be 
                considered as part of the rulemaking; and
                    ``(D) request public comment on available 
                alternatives to regulation.
            ``(3) Waiver.--This subsection does not apply to a 
        proposed rule if the Secretary, for good cause, finds 
        (and incorporates the finding and a brief statement of 
        reasons for such finding in the proposed or final rule) 
        that an advance notice of proposed rulemaking is 
        impracticable, unnecessary, or contrary to the public 
        interest.
    ``(h) Rule of Construction.--Nothing in subsection (f) or 
(g) may be construed to limit the contents of an advance notice 
of proposed rulemaking.''.

SEC. 5203. GUIDANCE.

    (a) In General.--
            (1) Date of issuance and point of contact.--Each 
        guidance document issued by the Federal Motor Carrier 
        Safety Administration shall have a date of issuance or 
        a date of revision, as applicable, and shall include 
        the name and contact information of a point of contact 
        at the Administration who can respond to questions 
        regarding the guidance.
            (2) Public accessibility.--
                    (A) In general.--Each guidance document 
                issued or revised by the Federal Motor Carrier 
                Safety Administration shall be published on a 
                publicly accessible Internet Web site of the 
                Department on the date of issuance or revision.
                    (B) Redaction.--The Administrator of the 
                Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration may 
                redact from a guidance document published under 
                subparagraph (A) any information that would 
                reveal investigative techniques that would 
                compromise Administration enforcement efforts.
            (3) Incorporation into regulations.--Not later than 
        5 years after the date on which a guidance document is 
        published under paragraph (2) or during an applicable 
        review under subsection (c), whichever is earlier, the 
        Secretary shall revise regulations to incorporate the 
        guidance document to the extent practicable.
            (4) Reissuance.--If a guidance document is not 
        incorporated into regulations in accordance with 
        paragraph (3), the Administrator shall--
                    (A) reissue an updated version of the 
                guidance document; and
                    (B) review and reissue an updated version 
                of the guidance document every 5 years until 
                the date on which the guidance document is 
                removed or incorporated into applicable 
                regulations.
    (b) Initial Review.--Not later than 1 year after the date 
of enactment of this Act, the Administrator shall review all 
guidance documents issued by the Federal Motor Carrier Safety 
Administration and in effect on such date of enactment to 
ensure that such documents are current, are readily accessible 
to the public, and meet the standards specified in 
subparagraphs (A), (B), and (C) of subsection (c)(1).
    (c) Regular Review.--
            (1) In general.--Subject to paragraph (2), not less 
        than once every 5 years, the Administrator shall 
        conduct a comprehensive review of the guidance 
        documents issued by the Federal Motor Carrier Safety 
        Administration to determine whether such documents 
        are--
                    (A) consistent and clear;
                    (B) uniformly and consistently enforced; 
                and
                    (C) still necessary.
            (2) Notice and comment.--Prior to beginning a 
        review under paragraph (1), the Administrator shall 
        publish in the Federal Register a notice and request 
        for comment that solicits input from stakeholders on 
        which guidance documents should be updated or 
        eliminated.
            (3) Report.--
                    (A) In general.--Not later than 60 days 
                after the date on which a review under 
                paragraph (1) is completed, the Administrator 
                shall publish on a publicly accessible Internet 
                Web site of the Department a report detailing 
                the review and a full inventory of the guidance 
                documents of the Administration.
                    (B) Contents.--A report under subparagraph 
                (A) shall include a summary of the response of 
                the Administration to comments received under 
                paragraph (2).
    (d) Guidance Document Defined.--In this section, the term 
``guidance document'' means a document issued by the Federal 
Motor Carrier Safety Administration that--
            (1) provides an interpretation of a regulation of 
        the Administration; or
            (2) includes an enforcement policy of the 
        Administration available to the public.

SEC. 5204. PETITIONS.

    (a) In General.--The Administrator of the Federal Motor 
Carrier Safety Administration shall--
            (1) publish on a publicly accessible Internet Web 
        site of the Department a summary of all petitions for 
        regulatory action submitted to the Administration;
            (2) prioritize the petitions submitted based on the 
        likelihood of safety improvements resulting from the 
        regulatory action requested;
            (3) not later than 180 days after the date a 
        summary of a petition is published under paragraph (1), 
        formally respond to such petition by indicating whether 
        the Administrator will accept, deny, or further review 
        the petition;
            (4) prioritize responses to petitions consistent 
        with a petition's potential to reduce crashes, improve 
        enforcement, and reduce unnecessary burdens; and
            (5) not later than 60 days after the date of 
        receipt of a petition, publish on a publicly accessible 
        Internet Web site of the Department an updated 
        inventory of the petitions described in paragraph (1), 
        including any applicable disposition information for 
        those petitions.
    (b) Treatment of Multiple Petitions.--The Administrator may 
treat multiple similar petitions as a single petition for the 
purposes of subsection (a).
    (c) Petition Defined.--In this section, the term 
``petition'' means a request for--
            (1) a new regulation;
            (2) a regulatory interpretation or clarification; 
        or
            (3) a determination by the Administrator that a 
        regulation should be modified or eliminated because it 
        is--
                    (A) no longer--
                            (i) consistent and clear;
                            (ii) current with the operational 
                        realities of the motor carrier 
                        industry; or
                            (iii) uniformly enforced;
                    (B) ineffective; or
                    (C) overly burdensome.

SEC. 5205. INSPECTOR STANDARDS.

    Not later than 90 days after the date of enactment of this 
Act, the Administrator of the Federal Motor Carrier Safety 
Administration shall revise the regulations under part 385 of 
title 49, Code of Federal Regulations, as necessary, to 
incorporate by reference the certification standards for 
roadside inspectors issued by the Commercial Vehicle Safety 
Alliance.

SEC. 5206. APPLICATIONS.

    (a) Review Process.--Section 31315(b) of title 49, United 
States Code, is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1)--
                    (A) in the first sentence by striking 
                ``paragraph (3)'' and inserting ``this 
                subsection''; and
                    (B) by striking the second sentence;
            (2) by redesignating paragraphs (2) through (7) as 
        paragraphs (4) through (9), respectively; and
            (3) by inserting after paragraph (1) the following:
            ``(2) Length of exemption and renewal.--An 
        exemption may be granted under paragraph (1) for no 
        longer than 5 years and may be renewed, upon request, 
        for subsequent 5-year periods if the Secretary 
        continues to make the finding under paragraph (1).
            ``(3) Opportunity for resubmission.--If the 
        Secretary denies an application under paragraph (1) and 
        the applicant can reasonably address the reason for the 
        denial, the Secretary may allow the applicant to 
        resubmit the application.''.
    (b) Administrative Exemptions.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary shall make permanent 
        the following limited exemptions:
                    (A) Perishable construction products, as 
                published in the Federal Register on April 2, 
                2015 (80 Fed. Reg. 17819).
                    (B) Transport of commercial bee hives, as 
                published in the Federal Register on June 19, 
                2015 (80 Fed. Reg. 35425).
                    (C) Safe transport of livestock, as 
                published in the Federal Register on June 12, 
                2015 (80 Fed. Reg. 33584).
            (2) Additional administrative exemptions.--Any 
        exemption from any provision of the regulations under 
        part 395 of title 49, Code of Federal Regulations, that 
        is in effect on the date of enactment of this Act--
                    (A) except as otherwise provided in section 
                31315(b) of title 49, shall be valid for a 
                period of 5 years from the date such exemption 
                was granted; and
                    (B) may be subject to renewal under section 
                31315(b)(2) of title 49, United States Code.

           PART II--COMPLIANCE, SAFETY, ACCOUNTABILITY REFORM

SEC. 5221. CORRELATION STUDY.

    (a) In General.--The Administrator of the Federal Motor 
Carrier Safety Administration (referred to in this part as the 
``Administrator'') shall commission the National Research 
Council of the National Academies to conduct a study of--
            (1) the Compliance, Safety, Accountability program 
        of the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration 
        (referred to in this part as the ``CSA program''); and
            (2) the Safety Measurement System utilized by the 
        CSA program (referred to in this part as the ``SMS'').
    (b) Scope of Study.--In carrying out the study commissioned 
pursuant to subsection (a), the National Research Council--
            (1) shall analyze--
                    (A) the accuracy with which the Behavior 
                Analysis and Safety Improvement Categories 
                (referred to in this part as ``BASIC'')--
                            (i) identify high risk carriers; 
                        and
                            (ii) predict or are correlated with 
                        future crash risk, crash severity, or 
                        other safety indicators for motor 
                        carriers, including the highest risk 
                        carriers;
                    (B) the methodology used to calculate BASIC 
                percentiles and identify carriers for 
                enforcement, including the weights assigned to 
                particular violations and the tie between crash 
                risk and specific regulatory violations, with 
                respect to accurately identifying and 
                predicting future crash risk for motor 
                carriers;
                    (C) the relative value of inspection 
                information and roadside enforcement data;
                    (D) any data collection gaps or data 
                sufficiency problems that may exist and the 
                impact of those gaps and problems on the 
                efficacy of the CSA program;
                    (E) the accuracy of safety data, including 
                the use of crash data from crashes in which a 
                motor carrier was free from fault;
                    (F) whether BASIC percentiles for motor 
                carriers of passengers should be calculated 
                separately from motor carriers of freight;
                    (G) the differences in the rates at which 
                safety violations are reported to the Federal 
                Motor Carrier Safety Administration for 
                inclusion in the SMS by various enforcement 
                authorities, including States, territories, and 
                Federal inspectors; and
                    (H) how members of the public use the SMS 
                and what effect making the SMS information 
                public has had on reducing crashes and 
                eliminating unsafe motor carriers from the 
                industry; and
            (2) shall consider--
                    (A) whether the SMS provides comparable 
                precision and confidence, through SMS alerts 
                and percentiles, for the relative crash risk of 
                individual large and small motor carriers;
                    (B) whether alternatives to the SMS would 
                identify high risk carriers more accurately; 
                and
                    (C) the recommendations and findings of the 
                Comptroller General of the United States and 
                the Inspector General of the Department, and 
                independent review team reports, issued before 
                the date of enactment of this Act.
    (c) Report.--Not later than 18 months after the date of 
enactment of this Act, the Administrator shall--
            (1) submit a report containing the results of the 
        study commissioned pursuant to subsection (a) to--
                    (A) the Committee on Commerce, Science, and 
                Transportation of the Senate;
                    (B) the Committee on Transportation and 
                Infrastructure of the House of Representatives; 
                and
                    (C) the Inspector General of the 
                Department; and
            (2) publish the report on a publicly accessible 
        Internet Web site of the Department.
    (d) Corrective Action Plan.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than 120 days after the 
        Administrator submits the report under subsection (c), 
        if that report identifies a deficiency or opportunity 
        for improvement in the CSA program or in any element of 
        the SMS, the Administrator shall submit to the 
        Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation of 
        the Senate and the Committee on Transportation and 
        Infrastructure of the House of Representatives a 
        corrective action plan that--
                    (A) responds to the deficiencies or 
                opportunities identified by the report;
                    (B) identifies how the Federal Motor 
                Carrier Safety Administration will address such 
                deficiencies or opportunities; and
                    (C) provides an estimate of the cost, 
                including with respect to changes in staffing, 
                enforcement, and data collection, necessary to 
                address such deficiencies or opportunities.
            (2) Program reforms.--The corrective action plan 
        submitted under paragraph (1) shall include an 
        implementation plan that--
                    (A) includes benchmarks;
                    (B) includes programmatic reforms, 
                revisions to regulations, or proposals for 
                legislation; and
                    (C) shall be considered in any rulemaking 
                by the Department that relates to the CSA 
                program, including the SMS or data analysis 
                under the SMS.
    (e) Inspector General Review.--Not later than 120 days 
after the Administrator submits a corrective action plan under 
subsection (d), the Inspector General of the Department shall--
            (1) review the extent to which such plan 
        addresses--
                    (A) recommendations contained in the report 
                submitted under subsection (c); and
                    (B) relevant recommendations issued by the 
                Comptroller General or the Inspector General 
                before the date of enactment of this Act; and
            (2) submit to the Committee on Commerce, Science, 
        and Transportation of the Senate and the Committee on 
        Transportation and Infrastructure of the House of 
        Representatives a report on the responsiveness of the 
        corrective action plan to the recommendations described 
        in paragraph (1).

SEC. 5222. BEYOND COMPLIANCE.

    (a) In General.--Not later than 18 months after the date of 
enactment of this Act, the Administrator shall allow 
recognition, including credit or an improved SMS percentile, 
for a motor carrier that--
            (1) installs advanced safety equipment;
            (2) uses enhanced driver fitness measures;
            (3) adopts fleet safety management tools, 
        technologies, and programs; or
            (4) satisfies other standards determined 
        appropriate by the Administrator.
    (b) Implementation.--The Administrator shall carry out 
subsection (a) by--
            (1) incorporating a methodology into the CSA 
        program; or
            (2) establishing a safety BASIC in the SMS.
    (c) Process.--
            (1) In general.--The Administrator, after providing 
        notice and an opportunity for comment, shall develop a 
        process for identifying and reviewing advanced safety 
        equipment, enhanced driver fitness measures, fleet 
        safety management tools, technologies, and programs, 
        and other standards for use by motor carriers to 
        receive recognition, including credit or an improved 
        SMS percentile, for purposes of subsection (a).
            (2) Contents.--A process developed under paragraph 
        (1) shall--
                    (A) provide for a petition process for 
                reviewing advanced safety equipment, enhanced 
                driver fitness measures, fleet safety 
                management tools, technologies, and programs, 
                and other standards; and
                    (B) seek input and participation from 
                industry stakeholders, including commercial 
                motor vehicle drivers, technology 
                manufacturers, vehicle manufacturers, motor 
                carriers, law enforcement, safety advocates, 
                and the Motor Carrier Safety Advisory 
                Committee.
    (d) Qualification.--The Administrator, after providing 
notice and an opportunity for comment, shall develop technical 
or other performance standards with respect to advanced safety 
equipment, enhanced driver fitness measures, fleet safety 
management tools, technologies, and programs, and other 
standards for purposes of subsection (a).
    (e) Monitoring.--The Administrator may authorize qualified 
entities to monitor motor carriers that receive recognition, 
including credit or an improved SMS percentile, under this 
section through a no-cost contract structure.
    (f) Dissemination of Information.--The Administrator shall 
maintain on a publicly accessible Internet Web site of the 
Department information on--
            (1) the advanced safety equipment, enhanced driver 
        fitness measures, fleet safety management tools, 
        technologies, and programs, and other standards 
        eligible for recognition, including credit or an 
        improved SMS percentile;
            (2) any petitions for review of advanced safety 
        equipment, enhanced driver fitness measures, fleet 
        safety management tools, technologies, and programs, 
        and other standards; and
            (3) any relevant statistics relating to the use of 
        advanced safety equipment, enhanced driver fitness 
        measures, fleet safety management tools, technologies, 
        and programs, and other standards.
    (g) Report.--Not later than 3 years after the date of 
enactment of this Act, the Administrator shall submit to the 
Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure of the House of 
Representatives and the Committee on Commerce, Science, and 
Transportation of the Senate a report on the--
            (1) number of motor carriers receiving recognition, 
        including credit or an improved SMS percentile, under 
        this section; and
            (2) safety performance of such carriers.

SEC. 5223. DATA CERTIFICATION.

    (a) In General.--On and after the date that is 1 day after 
the date of enactment of this Act, no information regarding 
analysis of violations, crashes in which a determination is 
made that the motor carrier or the commercial motor vehicle 
driver is not at fault, alerts, or the relative percentile for 
each BASIC developed under the CSA program may be made 
available to the general public until the Inspector General of 
the Department certifies that--
            (1) the report required under section 5221(c) has 
        been submitted in accordance with that section;
            (2) any deficiencies identified in the report 
        required under section 5221(c) have been addressed;
            (3) if applicable, the corrective action plan under 
        section 5221(d) has been implemented;
            (4) the Administrator of the Federal Motor Carrier 
        Safety Administration has fully implemented or 
        satisfactorily addressed the issues raised in the 
        report titled ``Modifying the Compliance, Safety, 
        Accountability Program Would Improve the Ability to 
        Identify High Risk Carriers'' of the Government 
        Accountability Office and dated February 2014 (GAO-14-
        114); and
            (5) the Secretary has initiated modification of the 
        CSA program in accordance with section 5222.
    (b) Limitation on the Use of CSA Analysis.--Information 
regarding alerts and the relative percentile for each BASIC 
developed under the CSA program may not be used for safety 
fitness determinations until the Inspector General of the 
Department makes the certification under subsection (a).
    (c) Continued Public Availability of Data.--Notwithstanding 
any other provision of this section, inspection and violation 
information submitted to the Federal Motor Carrier Safety 
Administration by commercial motor vehicle inspectors and 
qualified law enforcement officials, out-of-service rates, and 
absolute measures shall remain available to the public.
    (d) Exceptions.--
            (1) In general.--Notwithstanding any other 
        provision of this section--
                    (A) the Federal Motor Carrier Safety 
                Administration and State and local commercial 
                motor vehicle enforcement agencies may use the 
                information referred to in subsection (a) for 
                purposes of investigation and enforcement 
                prioritization;
                    (B) a motor carrier and a commercial motor 
                vehicle driver may access information referred 
                to in subsection (a) that relates directly to 
                the motor carrier or driver, respectively; and
                    (C) a data analysis of motorcoach operators 
                may be provided online with a notation 
                indicating that the ratings or alerts listed 
                are not intended to imply any Federal safety 
                rating of the carrier.
            (2) Notation.--The notation described in paragraph 
        (1)(C) shall include the following: ``Readers should 
        not draw conclusions about a carrier's overall safety 
        condition simply based on the data displayed in this 
        system. Unless a motor carrier has received an 
        UNSATISFACTORY safety rating under part 385 of title 
        49, Code of Federal Regulations, or has otherwise been 
        ordered to discontinue operations by the Federal Motor 
        Carrier Safety Administration, it is authorized to 
        operate on the Nation's roadways.''.
            (3) Rule of construction.--Nothing in this section 
        may be construed to restrict the official use by State 
        enforcement agencies of the data collected by State 
        enforcement personnel.

SEC. 5224. DATA IMPROVEMENT.

    (a) Functional Specifications.--The Administrator shall 
develop functional specifications to ensure the consistent and 
accurate input of data into systems and databases relating to 
the CSA program.
    (b) Functionality.--The functional specifications developed 
pursuant to subsection (a)--
            (1) shall provide for the hardcoding and smart 
        logic functionality for roadside inspection data 
        collection systems and databases; and
            (2) shall be made available to public and private 
        sector developers.
    (c) Effective Data Management.--The Administrator shall 
ensure that internal systems and databases accept and 
effectively manage data using uniform standards.
    (d) Consultation With the States.--Before implementing the 
functional specifications developed pursuant to subsection (a) 
or the standards described in subsection (c), the Administrator 
shall seek input from the State agencies responsible for 
enforcing section 31102 of title 49, United States Code.

SEC. 5225. ACCIDENT REVIEW.

    (a) In General.--Not later than 1 year after a 
certification under section 5223, the Secretary shall task the 
Motor Carrier Safety Advisory Committee with reviewing the 
treatment of preventable crashes under the SMS.
    (b) Duties.--Not later than 6 months after being tasked 
under subsection (a), the Motor Carrier Safety Advisory 
Committee shall make recommendations to the Secretary on a 
process to allow motor carriers and drivers to request that the 
Administrator make a determination with respect to the 
preventability of a crash, if such a process has not yet been 
established by the Secretary.
    (c) Report.--The Secretary shall--
            (1) review and consider the recommendations 
        provided by the Motor Carrier Safety Advisory 
        Committee; and
            (2) report to Congress on how the Secretary intends 
        to address the treatment of preventable crashes.
    (d) Preventable Defined.--In this section, the term 
``preventable'' has the meaning given that term in Appendix B 
of part 385 of title 49, Code of Federal Regulations, as in 
effect on the date of enactment of this Act.

              Subtitle C--Commercial Motor Vehicle Safety

SEC. 5301. WINDSHIELD TECHNOLOGY.

    (a) In General.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall revise the 
regulations in section 393.60(e) of title 49, Code of Federal 
Regulations (relating to the prohibition on obstructions to the 
driver's field of view) to exempt from that section the 
voluntary mounting on a windshield of vehicle safety technology 
likely to achieve a level of safety that is equivalent to or 
greater than the level of safety that would be achieved absent 
the exemption.
    (b) Vehicle Safety Technology Defined.--In this section, 
the term ``vehicle safety technology'' includes a fleet-related 
incident management system, performance or behavior management 
system, speed management system, lane departure warning system, 
forward collision warning or mitigation system, and active 
cruise control system and any other technology that the 
Secretary considers applicable.
    (c) Rule of Construction.--For purposes of this section, 
any windshield mounted technology with a short term exemption 
under part 381 of title 49, Code of Federal Regulations, on the 
date of enactment of this Act, shall be considered likely to 
achieve a level of safety that is equivalent to or greater than 
the level of safety that would be achieved absent an exemption 
under subsection (a).

SEC. 5302. PRIORITIZING STATUTORY RULEMAKINGS.

    The Administrator of the Federal Motor Carrier Safety 
Administration shall prioritize the completion of each 
outstanding rulemaking required by statute before beginning any 
other rulemaking, unless the Secretary determines that there is 
a significant need for such other rulemaking and notifies 
Congress of such determination.

SEC. 5303. SAFETY REPORTING SYSTEM.

    (a) In General.--Not later than 1 year after the date of 
enactment of this Act, the Comptroller General of the United 
States shall submit to the Committee on Commerce, Science, and 
Transportation of the Senate and the Committee on 
Transportation and Infrastructure of the House of 
Representatives a report on the cost and feasibility of 
establishing a self-reporting system for commercial motor 
vehicle drivers or motor carriers with respect to en route 
equipment failures.
    (b) Contents.--The report required under subsection (a) 
shall include--
            (1) an analysis of--
                    (A) alternatives for the reporting of 
                equipment failures in real time, including an 
                Internet Web site or telephone hotline;
                    (B) the ability of a commercial motor 
                vehicle driver or a motor carrier to provide to 
                the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration 
                proof of repair of a self-reported equipment 
                failure;
                    (C) the ability of the Federal Motor 
                Carrier Safety Administration to ensure that 
                self-reported equipment failures proven to be 
                repaired are not used in the calculation of 
                Behavior Analysis and Safety Improvement 
                Category scores;
                    (D) the ability of roadside inspectors to 
                access self-reported equipment failures;
                    (E) the cost to establish and administer a 
                self-reporting system;
                    (F) the ability for a self-reporting system 
                to track individual commercial motor vehicles 
                through unique identifiers; and
                    (G) whether a self-reporting system would 
                yield demonstrable safety benefits;
            (2) an identification of any regulatory or 
        statutory impediments to the implementation of a self-
        reporting system; and
            (3) recommendations on implementing a self-
        reporting system.

SEC. 5304. NEW ENTRANT SAFETY REVIEW PROGRAM.

    (a) In General.--The Secretary shall conduct an assessment 
of the new operator safety review program under section 
31144(g) of title 49, United States Code, including the 
program's effectiveness in reducing crashes, fatalities, and 
injuries involving commercial motor vehicles and improving 
commercial motor vehicle safety.
    (b) Report.--Not later than 1 year after the date of 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall publish on a 
publicly accessible Internet Web site of the Department and 
submit to the Committee on Commerce, Science, and 
Transportation of the Senate and the Committee on 
Transportation and Infrastructure of the House of 
Representatives a report on the results of the assessment 
conducted under subsection (a), including any recommendations 
for improving the effectiveness of the program (including 
recommendations for legislative changes).

SEC. 5305. HIGH RISK CARRIER REVIEWS.

    (a) In General.--The Secretary shall ensure that a review 
is completed on each motor carrier that demonstrates through 
performance data that it poses the highest safety risk. At a 
minimum, a review shall be conducted whenever a motor carrier 
is among the highest risk carriers for 4 consecutive months.
    (b) Report.--The Secretary shall post on a public Web site 
a report on the actions the Secretary has taken to comply with 
this section, including the number of high risk carriers 
identified and the high risk carriers reviewed.
    (c) Conforming Amendment.--Section 4138 of SAFETEA-LU (49 
U.S.C. 31144 note), and the item relating to that section in 
the table of contents in section 1(b) of that Act, are 
repealed.

SEC. 5306. POST-ACCIDENT REPORT REVIEW.

    (a) In General.--Not later than 120 days after the date of 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall convene a working 
group--
            (1) to review the data elements of post-accident 
        reports, for tow-away accidents involving commercial 
        motor vehicles, that are reported to the Federal 
        Government; and
            (2) to report to the Secretary its findings and any 
        recommendations, including best practices for State 
        post-accident reports to achieve the data elements 
        described in subsection (c).
    (b) Composition.--Not less than 51 percent of the working 
group should be composed of individuals representing the States 
or State law enforcement officials. The remaining members of 
the working group shall represent industry, labor, safety 
advocates, and other interested parties.
    (c) Considerations.--The working group shall consider 
requiring additional data elements, including--
            (1) the primary cause of the accident, if the 
        primary cause can be determined; and
            (2) the physical characteristics of the commercial 
        motor vehicle and any other vehicle involved in the 
        accident, including--
                    (A) the vehicle configuration;
                    (B) the gross vehicle weight, if the weight 
                can be readily determined;
                    (C) the number of axles; and
                    (D) the distance between axles, if the 
                distance can be readily determined.
    (d) Report.--Not later than 1 year after the date of 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall--
            (1) review the findings of the working group;
            (2) identify the best practices for State post-
        accident reports that are reported to the Federal 
        Government, including identifying the data elements 
        that should be collected following a tow-away 
        commercial motor vehicle accident; and
            (3) recommend to the States the adoption of new 
        data elements to be collected following reportable 
        commercial motor vehicle accidents.
    (e) Termination.--The working group shall terminate not 
more than 180 days after the date on which the Secretary makes 
recommendations under subsection (d)(3).

SEC. 5307. IMPLEMENTING SAFETY REQUIREMENTS.

    (a) In General.--For each rulemaking described in 
subsection (c), not later than 30 days after the date of 
enactment of this Act and every 180 days thereafter until the 
rulemaking is complete, the Secretary shall submit to the 
Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure of the House of 
Representatives and the Committee on Commerce, Science, and 
Transportation of the Senate a written notification that 
includes--
            (1) for a rulemaking with a statutory deadline--
                    (A) an explanation of why the deadline was 
                not met; and
                    (B) an expected date of completion of the 
                rulemaking; and
            (2) for a rulemaking without a statutory deadline, 
        an expected date of completion of the rulemaking.
    (b) Additional Contents.--A notification submitted under 
subsection (a) shall include--
            (1) an updated rulemaking timeline;
            (2) a list of factors causing delays in the 
        completion of the rulemaking; and
            (3) any other details associated with the status of 
        the rulemaking.
    (c) Rulemakings.--The Secretary shall submit a written 
notification under subsection (a) for each of the following 
rulemakings:
            (1) The rulemaking required under section 
        31306a(a)(1) of title 49, United States Code.
            (2) The rulemaking required under section 31137(a) 
        of title 49, United States Code.
            (3) The rulemaking required under section 31305(c) 
        of title 49, United States Code.
            (4) The rulemaking required under section 31601 of 
        division C of MAP-21 (49 U.S.C. 30111 note).
            (5) A rulemaking concerning motor carrier safety 
        fitness determinations.
            (6) A rulemaking concerning commercial motor 
        vehicle safety required by an Act of Congress enacted 
        on or after August 1, 2005, and incomplete for more 
        than 2 years.

              Subtitle D--Commercial Motor Vehicle Drivers

SEC. 5401. OPPORTUNITIES FOR VETERANS.

    (a) Standards for Training and Testing of Veteran 
Operators.--Section 31305 of title 49, United States Code, is 
amended by adding at the end the following:
    ``(d) Standards for Training and Testing of Veteran 
Operators.--
            ``(1) In general.--Not later than December 31, 
        2016, the Secretary shall modify the regulations 
        prescribed under subsections (a) and (c) to--
                    ``(A) exempt a covered individual from all 
                or a portion of a driving test if the covered 
                individual had experience in the armed forces 
                or reserve components driving vehicles similar 
                to a commercial motor vehicle;
                    ``(B) ensure that a covered individual may 
                apply for an exemption under subparagraph (A) 
                during, at least, the 1-year period beginning 
                on the date on which such individual separates 
                from service in the armed forces or reserve 
                components; and
                    ``(C) credit the training and knowledge a 
                covered individual received in the armed forces 
                or reserve components driving vehicles similar 
                to a commercial motor vehicle for purposes of 
                satisfying minimum standards for training and 
                knowledge.
            ``(2) Definitions.--In this subsection, the 
        following definitions apply:
                    ``(A) Armed forces.--The term `armed 
                forces' has the meaning given that term in 
                section 101(a) of title 10.
                    ``(B) Covered individual.--The term 
                `covered individual' means an individual over 
                the age of 21 years who is--
                            ``(i) a former member of the armed 
                        forces; or
                            ``(ii) a former member of the 
                        reserve components.
                    ``(C) Reserve components.--The term 
                `reserve components' means--
                            ``(i) the Army National Guard of 
                        the United States;
                            ``(ii) the Army Reserve;
                            ``(iii) the Navy Reserve;
                            ``(iv) the Marine Corps Reserve;
                            ``(v) the Air National Guard of the 
                        United States;
                            ``(vi) the Air Force Reserve; and
                            ``(vii) the Coast Guard Reserve.''.
    (b) Implementation of Administrative Recommendations.--Not 
later than 1 year after the date of enactment of this Act, the 
Secretary, in consultation with the Secretary of Defense, shall 
implement the recommendations contained in the report submitted 
under section 32308 of MAP-21 (49 U.S.C. 31301 note) that are 
not implemented as a result of the amendment in subsection (a).
    (c) Implementation of the Military Commercial Driver's 
License Act.--Not later than December 31, 2015, the Secretary 
shall issue final regulations to implement the exemption to the 
domicile requirement under section 31311(a)(12)(C) of title 49, 
United States Code.
    (d) Conforming Amendment.--Section 31311(a)(12)(C)(ii) of 
title 49, United States Code, is amended to read as follows:
                    ``(ii) is an active duty member of--
                            ``(I) the armed forces (as that 
                        term is defined in section 101(a) of 
                        title 10); or
                            ``(II) the reserve components (as 
                        that term is defined in section 
                        31305(d)(2) of this title); and''.

SEC. 5402. DRUG-FREE COMMERCIAL DRIVERS.

    (a) In General.--Section 31306 of title 49, United States 
Code, is amended--
            (1) in subsection (b)(1)--
                    (A) by redesignating subparagraph (B) as 
                subparagraph (C);
                    (B) in subparagraph (A) by striking ``The 
                regulations shall permit such motor carriers to 
                conduct preemployment testing of such employees 
                for the use of alcohol.''; and
                    (C) by inserting after subparagraph (A) the 
                following:
    ``(B) The regulations prescribed under subparagraph (A) 
shall permit motor carriers--
            ``(i) to conduct preemployment testing of 
        commercial motor vehicle operators for the use of 
        alcohol; and
            ``(ii) to use hair testing as an acceptable 
        alternative to urine testing--
                    ``(I) in conducting preemployment testing 
                for the use of a controlled substance; and
                    ``(II) in conducting random testing for the 
                use of a controlled substance if the operator 
                was subject to hair testing for preemployment 
                testing.'';
            (2) in subsection (b)(2)--
                    (A) in subparagraph (A) by striking ``and'' 
                at the end;
                    (B) in subparagraph (B) by striking the 
                period at the end and inserting ``; and''; and
                    (C) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(C) shall provide an exemption from hair testing 
        for commercial motor vehicle operators with established 
        religious beliefs that prohibit the cutting or removal 
        of hair.''; and
            (3) in subsection (c)(2)--
                    (A) in the matter preceding subparagraph 
                (A) by inserting ``for urine testing, and 
                technical guidelines for hair testing,'' before 
                ``including mandatory guidelines'';
                    (B) in subparagraph (B) by striking ``and'' 
                at the end;
                    (C) in subparagraph (C) by inserting 
                ``and'' after the semicolon; and
                    (D) by adding at the end the following:
                    ``(D) laboratory protocols and cut-off 
                levels for hair testing to detect the use of a 
                controlled substance;''.
    (b) Guidelines.--Not later than 1 year after the date of 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Health and Human 
Services shall issue scientific and technical guidelines for 
hair testing as a method of detecting the use of a controlled 
substance for purposes of section 31306 of title 49, United 
States Code.

SEC. 5403. MEDICAL CERTIFICATION OF VETERANS FOR COMMERCIAL DRIVER'S 
                    LICENSES.

    (a) In General.--In the case of a physician-approved 
veteran operator, the qualified physician of such operator may, 
subject to the requirements of subsection (b), perform a 
medical examination and provide a medical certificate for 
purposes of compliance with the requirements of section 31149 
of title 49, United States Code.
    (b) Certification.--The certification described under 
subsection (a) shall include--
            (1) assurances that the physician performing the 
        medical examination meets the requirements of a 
        qualified physician under this section; and
            (2) certification that the physical condition of 
        the operator is adequate to enable such operator to 
        operate a commercial motor vehicle safely.
    (c) National Registry of Medical Examiners.--The Secretary, 
in consultation with the Secretary of Veterans Affairs, shall 
develop a process for qualified physicians to perform a medical 
examination and provide a medical certificate under subsection 
(a) and include such physicians on the national registry of 
medical examiners established under section 31149(d) of title 
49, United States Code.
    (d) Definitions.--In this section, the following 
definitions apply:
            (1) Physician-approved veteran operator.--The term 
        ``physician-approved veteran operator'' means an 
        operator of a commercial motor vehicle who--
                    (A) is a veteran who is enrolled in the 
                health care system established under section 
                1705(a) of title 38, United States Code; and
                    (B) is required to have a current valid 
                medical certificate pursuant to section 31149 
                of title 49, United States Code.
            (2) Qualified physician.--The term ``qualified 
        physician'' means a physician who--
                    (A) is employed in the Department of 
                Veterans Affairs;
                    (B) is familiar with the standards for, and 
                physical requirements of, an operator certified 
                pursuant to section 31149 of title 49, United 
                States Code; and
                    (C) has never, with respect to such 
                section, been found to have acted fraudulently, 
                including by fraudulently awarding a medical 
                certificate.
            (3) Veteran.--The term ``veteran'' has the meaning 
        given the term in section 101 of title 38, United 
        States Code.
    (e) Statutory Construction.--Nothing in this section shall 
be construed to change any statutory penalty associated with 
fraud or abuse.

SEC. 5404. COMMERCIAL DRIVER PILOT PROGRAM.

    (a) In General.--The Secretary shall establish a pilot 
program under section 31315(c) of title 49, United States Code, 
to study the feasibility, benefits, and safety impacts of 
allowing a covered driver to operate a commercial motor vehicle 
in interstate commerce.
    (b) Data Collection.--The Secretary shall collect and 
analyze data relating to accidents in which--
            (1) a covered driver participating in the pilot 
        program is involved; and
            (2) a driver under the age of 21 operating a 
        commercial motor vehicle in intrastate commerce is 
        involved.
    (c) Limitations.--A driver participating in the pilot 
program may not--
            (1) transport--
                    (A) passengers; or
                    (B) hazardous cargo; or
            (2) operate a vehicle in special configuration.
    (d) Working Group.--
            (1) Establishment.--The Secretary shall conduct, 
        monitor, and evaluate the pilot program in consultation 
        with a working group to be established by the Secretary 
        consisting of representatives of the armed forces, 
        industry, drivers, safety advocacy organizations, and 
        State licensing and enforcement officials.
            (2) Duties.--The working group shall review the 
        data collected under subsection (b) and provide 
        recommendations to the Secretary on the feasibility, 
        benefits, and safety impacts of allowing a covered 
        driver to operate a commercial motor vehicle in 
        interstate commerce.
    (e) Report.--Not later than 1 year after the date on which 
the pilot program is concluded, the Secretary shall submit to 
Congress a report describing the findings of the pilot program 
and the recommendations of the working group.
    (f) Definitions.--In this section, the following 
definitions apply:
            (1) Accident.--The term ``accident'' has the 
        meaning given that term in section 390.5 of title 49, 
        Code of Federal Regulations, as in effect on the date 
        of enactment of this Act.
            (2) Armed forces.--The term ``armed forces'' has 
        the meaning given that term in section 101(a) of title 
        10, United States Code.
            (3) Commercial motor vehicle.--The term 
        ``commercial motor vehicle'' has the meaning given that 
        term in section 31301 of title 49, United States Code.
            (4) Covered driver.--The term ``covered driver'' 
        means an individual who is--
                    (A) between the ages of 18 and 21;
                    (B) a member or former member of the--
                            (i) armed forces; or
                            (ii) reserve components (as defined 
                        in section 31305(d)(2) of title 49, 
                        United States Code, as added by this 
                        Act); and
                    (C) qualified in a Military Occupational 
                Specialty to operate a commercial motor vehicle 
                or similar vehicle.

                     Subtitle E--General Provisions

SEC. 5501. DELAYS IN GOODS MOVEMENT.

    (a) Report.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than 1 year after the 
        date of enactment of this Act, the Inspector General of 
        the Department shall submit to the Committee on 
        Transportation and Infrastructure of the House of 
        Representatives and the Committee on Commerce, Science, 
        and Transportation of the Senate a report on the 
        average length of time that operators of commercial 
        motor vehicles are delayed before the loading and 
        unloading of such vehicles and at other points in the 
        pick-up and delivery process.
            (2) Contents.--The report under paragraph (1) shall 
        include--
                    (A) an assessment of how delays impact--
                            (i) the economy;
                            (ii) the efficiency of the 
                        transportation system;
                            (iii) motor carrier safety, 
                        including the extent to which delays 
                        result in violations of motor carrier 
                        safety regulations; and
                            (iv) the livelihood of motor 
                        carrier drivers; and
                    (B) recommendations on how delays could be 
                mitigated.
    (b) Collection of Data.--Not later than 2 years after the 
date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall establish by 
regulation a process to collect data on delays experienced by 
operators of commercial motor vehicles before the loading and 
unloading of such vehicles and at other points in the pick-up 
and delivery process.

SEC. 5502. EMERGENCY ROUTE WORKING GROUP.

    (a) In General.--
            (1) Establishment.--Not later than 1 year after the 
        date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall 
        establish a working group to determine best practices 
        for expeditious State approval of special permits for 
        vehicles involved in emergency response and recovery.
            (2) Members.--The working group shall include 
        representatives from--
                    (A) State highway transportation 
                departments or agencies;
                    (B) relevant modal agencies within the 
                Department;
                    (C) emergency response or recovery experts;
                    (D) relevant safety groups; and
                    (E) entities affected by special permit 
                restrictions during emergency response and 
                recovery efforts.
    (b) Considerations.--In determining best practices under 
subsection (a), the working group shall consider whether--
            (1) impediments currently exist that prevent 
        expeditious State approval of special permits for 
        vehicles involved in emergency response and recovery;
            (2) it is possible to pre-identify and establish 
        emergency routes between States through which 
        infrastructure repair materials could be delivered 
        following a natural disaster or emergency;
            (3) a State could pre-designate an emergency route 
        identified under paragraph (2) as a certified emergency 
        route if a motor vehicle that exceeds the otherwise 
        applicable Federal and State truck length or width 
        limits may safely operate along such route during 
        periods of declared emergency and recovery from such 
        periods; and
            (4) an online map could be created to identify each 
        pre-designated emergency route under paragraph (3), 
        including information on specific limitations, 
        obligations, and notification requirements along that 
        route.
    (c) Report.--
            (1)  Submission.--Not later than 1 year after the 
        date of enactment of this Act, the working group shall 
        submit to the Secretary a report on its findings under 
        this section and any recommendations for the 
        implementation of best practices for expeditious State 
        approval of special permits for vehicles involved in 
        emergency response and recovery.
            (2) Publication.--Not later than 30 days after the 
        date the Secretary receives the report under paragraph 
        (1), the Secretary shall publish the report on a 
        publicly accessible Internet Web site of the 
        Department.
    (d) Notification.--Not later than 6 months after the date 
the Secretary receives the report under subsection (c)(1), the 
Secretary shall notify the Committee on Transportation and 
Infrastructure of the House of Representatives and the 
Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation of the 
Senate on the actions the Secretary and the States have taken 
to implement the recommendations included in the report.
    (e) Termination.--The working group shall terminate 1 year 
after the date the Secretary receives the report under 
subsection (c)(1).

SEC. 5503. HOUSEHOLD GOODS CONSUMER PROTECTION WORKING GROUP.

    (a) Working Group.--The Secretary shall establish a working 
group for the purpose of developing recommendations on how to 
best convey to consumers relevant information with respect to 
the Federal laws concerning the interstate transportation of 
household goods by motor carrier.
    (b) Membership.--The Secretary shall ensure that the 
working group is comprised of individuals with expertise in 
consumer affairs, educators with expertise in how people learn 
most effectively, and representatives of the household goods 
moving industry.
    (c) Recommendations.--
            (1) Contents.--The recommendations developed by the 
        working group shall include recommendations on--
                    (A) condensing publication ESA 03005 of the 
                Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration 
                into a format that is more easily used by 
                consumers;
                    (B) using state-of-the-art education 
                techniques and technologies, including 
                optimizing the use of the Internet as an 
                educational tool; and
                    (C) reducing and simplifying the paperwork 
                required of motor carriers and shippers in 
                interstate transportation.
            (2) Deadline.--Not later than 1 year after the date 
        of enactment of this Act--
                    (A) the working group shall make the 
                recommendations described in paragraph (1); and
                    (B) the Secretary shall publish the 
                recommendations on a publicly accessible 
                Internet Web site of the Department.
    (d) Report.--Not later than 1 year after the date on which 
the working group makes its recommendations under subsection 
(c)(2), the Secretary shall issue a report to Congress on the 
implementation of such recommendations.
    (e) Termination.--The working group shall terminate 1 year 
after the date the working group makes its recommendations 
under subsection (c)(2).

SEC. 5504. TECHNOLOGY IMPROVEMENTS.

    (a) In General.--Not later than 18 months after the date of 
enactment of this Act, the Comptroller General of the United 
States shall conduct a comprehensive analysis of the 
information technology and data collection and management 
systems of the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration.
    (b) Requirements.--The study conducted under subsection (a) 
shall--
            (1) evaluate the efficacy of the existing 
        information technology, data collection, processing 
        systems, data correction procedures, and data 
        management systems and programs, including their 
        interaction with each other and their efficacy in 
        meeting user needs;
            (2) identify any redundancies among the systems, 
        procedures, and programs described in paragraph (1);
            (3) explore the feasibility of consolidating data 
        collection and processing systems;
            (4) evaluate the ability of the systems, 
        procedures, and programs described in paragraph (1) to 
        meet the needs of--
                    (A) the Federal Motor Carrier Safety 
                Administration, at both the headquarters and 
                State levels;
                    (B) the State agencies that implement the 
                motor carrier safety assistance program under 
                section 31102 of title 49, United States Code; 
                and
                    (C) other users;
            (5) evaluate the adaptability of the systems, 
        procedures, and programs described in paragraph (1), in 
        order to make necessary future changes to ensure user 
        needs are met in an easier, timely, and more cost-
        efficient manner;
            (6) investigate and make recommendations 
        regarding--
                    (A) deficiencies in existing data sets 
                impacting program effectiveness; and
                    (B) methods to improve user interfaces; and
            (7) identify the appropriate role the Federal Motor 
        Carrier Safety Administration should take with respect 
        to software and information systems design, 
        development, and maintenance for the purpose of 
        improving the efficacy of the systems, procedures, and 
        programs described in paragraph (1).

SEC. 5505. NOTIFICATION REGARDING MOTOR CARRIER REGISTRATION.

    Not later than 30 days after the date of enactment of this 
Act, the Secretary shall submit to the Committee on 
Transportation and Infrastructure of the House of 
Representatives and the Committee on Commerce, Science, and 
Transportation of the Senate written notification of the 
actions the Secretary is taking to ensure, to the greatest 
extent practicable, that each application for registration 
under section 13902 of title 49, United States Code, is 
processed not later than 30 days after the date on which the 
application is received by the Secretary.

SEC. 5506. REPORT ON COMMERCIAL DRIVER'S LICENSE SKILLS TEST DELAYS.

    Not later than 18 months after the date of enactment of 
this Act, and each year thereafter, the Administrator of the 
Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration shall submit to the 
Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation of the 
Senate and the Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure 
of the House of Representatives a report that--
            (1) describes, for each State, the status of skills 
        testing for applicants for a commercial driver's 
        license, including--
                    (A) the average wait time from the date an 
                applicant requests to take a skills test to the 
                date the applicant has the opportunity to 
                complete such test;
                    (B) the average wait time from the date an 
                applicant, upon failure of a skills test, 
                requests a retest to the date the applicant has 
                the opportunity to complete such retest;
                    (C) the actual number of qualified 
                commercial driver's license examiners available 
                to test applicants; and
                    (D) the number of testing sites available 
                through the State department of motor vehicles 
                and whether this number has increased or 
                decreased from the previous year; and
            (2) describes specific steps that the Administrator 
        is taking to address skills testing delays in States 
        that have average skills test or retest wait times of 
        more than 7 days from the date an applicant requests to 
        test or retest to the date the applicant has the 
        opportunity to complete such test or retest.

SEC. 5507. ELECTRONIC LOGGING DEVICE REQUIREMENTS.

    Section 31137(b) of title 49, United States Code, is 
amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1)(C) by striking ``apply to'' 
        and inserting ``except as provided in paragraph (3), 
        apply to''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(3) Exception.--A motor carrier, when 
        transporting a motor home or recreation vehicle trailer 
        within the definition of the term `driveaway-towaway 
        operation' (as defined in section 390.5 of title 49, 
        Code of Federal Regulations), may comply with the hours 
        of service requirements by requiring each driver to 
        use--
                    ``(A) a paper record of duty status form; 
                or
                    ``(B) an electronic logging device.''.

SEC. 5508. TECHNICAL CORRECTIONS.

    (a) Title 49.--Title 49, United States Code, is amended as 
follows:
            (1) Section 13902(i)(2) is amended by inserting 
        ``except as'' before ``described''.
            (2) Section 13903(d) is amended by striking ``(d) 
        Registration as Motor Carrier Required.--'' and all 
        that follows through ``(1) In general.--A freight 
        forwarder'' and inserting ``(d) Registration as Motor 
        Carrier Required.--A freight forwarder''.
            (3) Section 13905(d)(2)(D) is amended--
                    (A) by striking ``the Secretary finds 
                that--'' and all that follows through ``(i) the 
                motor carrier,'' and inserting ``the Secretary 
                finds that the motor carrier,''; and
                    (B) by adding a period at the end.
            (4) Section 14901(h) is amended by striking 
        ``Household Goods'' in the heading.
            (5) Section 14916 is amended by striking the 
        section designation and heading and inserting the 
        following:

``Sec. 14916. Unlawful brokerage activities''.

    (b) MAP-21.--Effective as of July 6, 2012, and as if 
included therein as enacted, MAP-21 (Public Law 112-141) is 
amended as follows:
            (1) Section 32108(a)(4) (126 Stat. 782) is amended 
        by inserting ``for'' before ``each additional day'' in 
        the matter proposed to be struck.
            (2) Section 32301(b)(3) (126 Stat. 786) is amended 
        by striking ``by amending (a) to read as follows:'' and 
        inserting ``by striking subsection (a) and inserting 
        the following:''.
            (3) Section 32302(c)(2)(B) (126 Stat. 789) is 
        amended by striking ``section 32303(c)(1)'' and 
        inserting ``section 32302(c)(1)''.
            (4) Section 32921(b) (126 Stat. 828) is amended, in 
        the matter to be inserted, by striking ``(A) In 
        addition'' and inserting the following:
                    ``(A) In general.--In addition''.
            (5) Section 32931(c) (126 Stat. 829) is amended--
                    (A) by striking ``Secretary'' and inserting 
                ``Secretary of Transportation'' in the matter 
                to be struck; and
                    (B) by striking ``Secretary'' and inserting 
                ``Secretary of Transportation'' in the matter 
                to be inserted.
    (c) Motor Carrier Safety Improvement Act of 1999.--Section 
229(a)(1) of the Motor Carrier Safety Improvement Act of 1999 
(49 U.S.C. 31136 note) is amended by inserting ``of title 49, 
United States Code,'' after ``sections 31136 and 31502''.

SEC. 5509. MINIMUM FINANCIAL RESPONSIBILITY.

    (a) Transporting Property.--If the Secretary proceeds with 
a rulemaking to determine whether to increase the minimum 
levels of financial responsibility required under section 31139 
of title 49, United States Code, the Secretary shall consider, 
prior to issuing a final rule--
            (1) the rulemaking's potential impact on--
                    (A) the safety of motor vehicle 
                transportation; and
                    (B) the motor carrier industry;
            (2) the ability of the insurance industry to 
        provide the required amount of insurance;
            (3) the extent to which current minimum levels of 
        financial responsibility adequately cover--
                    (A) medical care;
                    (B) compensation; and
                    (C) other identifiable costs;
            (4) the frequency with which insurance claims 
        exceed current minimum levels of financial 
        responsibility in fatal accidents; and
            (5) the impact of increased levels on motor carrier 
        safety and accident reduction.
    (b) Transporting Passengers.--
            (1) In general.--Prior to initiating a rulemaking 
        to change the minimum levels of financial 
        responsibility under section 31138 of title 49, United 
        States Code, the Secretary shall complete a study 
        specific to the minimum financial responsibility 
        requirements for motor carriers of passengers.
            (2) Study contents.--A study under paragraph (1) 
        shall include, to the extent practicable--
                    (A) a review of accidents, injuries, and 
                fatalities in the over-the-road bus and school 
                bus industries;
                    (B) a review of insurance held by over-the-
                road bus and public and private school bus 
                companies, including companies of various 
                sizes, and an analysis of whether such 
                insurance is adequate to cover claims;
                    (C) an analysis of whether and how 
                insurance affects the behavior and safety 
                record of motor carriers of passengers, 
                including with respect to crash reduction; and
                    (D) an analysis of the anticipated impacts 
                of an increase in financial responsibility on 
                insurance premiums for passenger carriers and 
                service availability.
            (3) Consultation.--In conducting a study under 
        paragraph (1), the Secretary shall consult with--
                    (A) representatives of the over-the-road 
                bus and private school bus transportation 
                industries, including representatives of bus 
                drivers; and
                    (B) insurers of motor carriers of 
                passengers.
            (4) Report.--If the Secretary undertakes a study 
        under paragraph (1), the Secretary shall submit to the 
        Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure of the 
        House of Representatives and the Committee on Commerce, 
        Science, and Transportation of the Senate a report on 
        the results of the study.

SEC. 5510. SAFETY STUDY REGARDING DOUBLE-DECKER MOTORCOACHES.

    (a) Study.--The Secretary, in consultation with State 
transportation safety and law enforcement officials, shall 
conduct a study regarding the safety operations, fire 
suppression capability, tire loads, and pavement impacts of 
operating a double-decker motorcoach equipped with a device 
designed by the motorcoach manufacturer to attach to the rear 
of the motorcoach for use in transporting passenger baggage.
    (b) Report.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall submit a report 
containing the results of the study to--
            (1) the Committee on Transportation and 
        Infrastructure of the House of Representatives; and
            (2) the Committee on Commerce, Science, and 
        Transportation of the Senate.

SEC. 5511. GAO REVIEW OF SCHOOL BUS SAFETY.

    Not later than 1 year after the date of enactment of this 
Act, the Comptroller General of the United States shall submit 
to the Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation of 
the Senate and the Committee on Transportation and 
Infrastructure of the House of Representatives a review of the 
following:
            (1) Existing Federal and State rules and guidance, 
        as of the date of the review, concerning school bus 
        transportation of elementary school and secondary 
        school students engaging in home-to-school transport or 
        other transport determined by the Comptroller General 
        to be a routine part of kindergarten through grade 12 
        education, including regulations and guidance regarding 
        driver training programs, capacity requirements, 
        programs for special needs students, inspection 
        standards, vehicle age requirements, best practices, 
        and public access to inspection results and crash 
        records.
            (2) Any correlation between public or private 
        school bus fleet operators whose vehicles are involved 
        in an accident as defined by section 390.5 of title 49, 
        Code of Federal Regulations, and each of the following:
                    (A) A failure by those same operators of 
                State or local safety inspections.
                    (B) The average age or odometer readings of 
                the school buses in the fleets of such 
                operators.
                    (C) Violations of Federal laws administered 
                by the Department of Transportation, or of 
                State law equivalents of such laws.
                    (D) Violations of State or local law 
                relating to illegal passing of a school bus.
            (3) A regulatory framework comparison of public and 
        private school bus operations.
            (4) Expert recommendations on best practices for 
        safe and reliable school bus transportation, including 
        driver training programs, inspection standards, school 
        bus age and odometer reading maximums for retirement, 
        the percentage of buses in a local bus fleet needed as 
        spare buses, and capacity levels per school bus for 
        different age groups.

SEC. 5512. ACCESS TO NATIONAL DRIVER REGISTER.

    Section 30305(b) of title 49, United States Code, is 
amended by adding at the end the following:
            ``(13) The Administrator of the Federal Motor 
        Carrier Safety Administration may request the chief 
        driver licensing official of a State to provide 
        information under subsection (a) of this section about 
        an individual in connection with a safety investigation 
        under the Administrator's jurisdiction.''.

SEC. 5513. REPORT ON DESIGN AND IMPLEMENTATION OF WIRELESS ROADSIDE 
                    INSPECTION SYSTEMS.

    (a) In General.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall submit to the 
Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation of the 
Senate and the Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure 
of the House of Representatives a report regarding the design, 
development, testing, and implementation of wireless roadside 
inspection systems.
    (b) Elements.--The report required under subsection (a) 
shall include a determination as to whether Federal wireless 
roadside inspection systems--
            (1) conflict with existing electronic screening 
        systems, or create capabilities already available;
            (2) require additional statutory authority to 
        incorporate generated inspection data into the safety 
        measurement system or the safety fitness determinations 
        program; and
            (3) provide appropriate restrictions to 
        specifically address privacy concerns of affected motor 
        carriers and operators.

SEC. 5514. REGULATION OF TOW TRUCK OPERATIONS.

    Section 14501(c)(2)(C) of title 49, United States Code, is 
amended by striking ``the price of'' and all that follows 
through ``transportation is'' and inserting ``the regulation of 
tow truck operations''.

SEC. 5515. STUDY ON COMMERCIAL MOTOR VEHICLE DRIVER COMMUTING.

    (a) Effects of Commuting.--The Administrator of the Federal 
Motor Carrier Safety Administration shall conduct a study on 
the safety effects of motor carrier operator commutes exceeding 
150 minutes.
    (b) Report.--Not later than 18 months after the date of 
enactment of this Act, the Administrator shall submit to 
Congress a report containing the findings under the study.

SEC. 5516. ADDITIONAL STATE AUTHORITY.

    Notwithstanding any other provision of law, South Dakota 
shall be provided the opportunity to update and revise the 
routes designated as qualifying Federal-aid Primary System 
highways under section 31111(e) of title 49, United States 
Code, as long as the update shifts routes to divided highways 
or does not increase centerline miles by more than 5 percent 
and is expected to increase safety performance.

SEC. 5517. REPORT ON MOTOR CARRIER FINANCIAL RESPONSIBILITY.

    (a) In General.--Not later than January 1, 2017, the 
Secretary shall publish on a publicly accessible Internet Web 
site of the Department a report on the minimum levels of 
financial responsibility required under section 31139 of title 
49, United States Code.
    (b) Contents.--The report required under subsection (a) 
shall include, to the extent practicable, an analysis of--
            (1) the differences between State insurance 
        requirements and Federal requirements;
            (2) the extent to which current minimum levels of 
        financial responsibility adequately cover--
                    (A) medical care;
                    (B) compensation; and
                    (C) other identifiable costs; and
            (3) the frequency with which insurance claims 
        exceed the current minimum levels of financial 
        responsibility.

SEC. 5518. COVERED FARM VEHICLES.

    Section 32934(b)(1) of MAP-21 (49 U.S.C. 31136 note) is 
amended by striking ``from'' and all that follows through the 
period at end and inserting the following: ``from--
                    ``(A) a requirement described in subsection 
                (a) or a compatible State requirement; or
                    ``(B) any other minimum standard provided 
                by a State relating to the operation of that 
                vehicle.''.

SEC. 5519. OPERATORS OF HI-RAIL VEHICLES.

    (a) In General.--In the case of a commercial motor vehicle 
driver subject to the hours of service requirements in part 395 
of title 49, Code of Federal Regulations, who is driving a hi-
rail vehicle, the maximum on duty time under section 395.3 of 
such title for such driver shall not include time in 
transportation to or from a duty assignment if such time in 
transportation--
            (1) does not exceed 2 hours per calendar day or a 
        total of 30 hours per calendar month; and
            (2) is fully and accurately accounted for in 
        records to be maintained by the motor carrier and such 
        records are made available upon request of the Federal 
        Motor Carrier Safety Administration or the Federal 
        Railroad Administration.
    (b) Hi-Rail Vehicle Defined.--In this section, the term 
``hi-rail vehicle'' means an internal rail flaw detection 
vehicle equipped with flange hi-rails.

SEC. 5520. AUTOMOBILE TRANSPORTER.

    (a) Automobile Transporter Defined.--Section 31111(a)(1) of 
title 49, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) by striking ``specifically''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following: ``An 
        automobile transporter shall not be prohibited from the 
        transport of cargo or general freight on a backhaul, so 
        long as it complies with weight limitations for a truck 
        tractor and semitrailer combination.''.
    (b) Truck Tractor Defined.--Section 31111(a)(3)(B) of title 
49, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) by striking ``only''; and
            (2) by inserting before the period at the end the 
        following: ``or any other commodity, including cargo or 
        general freight on a backhaul''.
    (c) Backhaul Defined.--Section 31111(a) of title 49, United 
States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following:
            ``(5) Backhaul.--The term `backhaul' means the 
        return trip of a vehicle transporting cargo or general 
        freight, especially when carrying goods back over all 
        or part of the same route.''.
    (d) Stinger-Steered Automobile Transporters.--Section 
31111(b)(1) of title 49, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in subparagraph (E) by striking ``or'' at the 
        end;
            (2) in subparagraph (F) by striking the period at 
        the end and inserting a semicolon; and
            (3) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(G) imposes a vehicle length limitation of less 
        than 80 feet on a stinger-steered automobile 
        transporter with a front overhang of less than 4 feet 
        and a rear overhang of less than 6 feet; or''.

SEC. 5521. READY MIX CONCRETE DELIVERY VEHICLES.

    Section 31502 of title 49, United States Code, is amended 
by adding at the end the following:
    ``(f) Ready Mixed Concrete Delivery Vehicles.--
            ``(1) In general.--Notwithstanding any other 
        provision of law, regulations issued under this section 
        or section 31136 (including section 395.1(e)(1)(ii) of 
        title 49, Code of Federal Regulations) regarding 
        reporting, recordkeeping, or documentation of duty 
        status shall not apply to any driver of a ready mixed 
        concrete delivery vehicle if--
                    ``(A) the driver operates within a 100 air-
                mile radius of the normal work reporting 
                location;
                    ``(B) the driver returns to the work 
                reporting location and is released from work 
                within 14 consecutive hours;
                    ``(C) the driver has at least 10 
                consecutive hours off duty following each 14 
                hours on duty;
                    ``(D) the driver does not exceed 11 hours 
                maximum driving time following 10 consecutive 
                hours off duty; and
                    ``(E) the motor carrier that employs the 
                driver maintains and retains for a period of 6 
                months accurate and true time records that 
                show--
                            ``(i) the time the driver reports 
                        for duty each day;
                            ``(ii) the total number of hours 
                        the driver is on duty each day;
                            ``(iii) the time the driver is 
                        released from duty each day; and
                            ``(iv) the total time for the 
                        preceding driving week the driver is 
                        used for the first time or 
                        intermittently.
            ``(2) Definition.--In this section, the term 
        `driver of a ready mixed concrete delivery vehicle' 
        means a driver of a vehicle designed to deliver ready 
        mixed concrete on a daily basis and is equipped with a 
        mechanism under which the vehicle's propulsion engine 
        provides the power to operate a mixer drum to agitate 
        and mix the product en route to the delivery site.''.

SEC. 5522. TRANSPORTATION OF CONSTRUCTION MATERIALS AND EQUIPMENT.

    Section 229(e)(4) of the Motor Carrier Safety Improvement 
Act of 1999 (49 U.S.C. 31136 note) is amended--
            (1) by striking ``50 air mile radius'' and 
        inserting ``75 air mile radius''; and
            (2) by striking ``the driver.'' and inserting ``the 
        driver, except that a State, upon notice to the 
        Secretary, may establish a different air mile radius 
        limitation for purposes of this paragraph if such 
        limitation is between 50 and 75 air miles and applies 
        only to movements that take place entirely within the 
        State.''.

SEC. 5523. COMMERCIAL DELIVERY OF LIGHT- AND MEDIUM-DUTY TRAILERS.

    (a) Definitions.--Section 31111(a) of title 49, United 
States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following:
            ``(6) Trailer transporter towing unit.--The term 
        `trailer transporter towing unit' means a power unit 
        that is not used to carry property when operating in a 
        towaway trailer transporter combination.
            ``(7) Towaway trailer transporter combination.--The 
        term `towaway trailer transporter combination' means a 
        combination of vehicles consisting of a trailer 
        transporter towing unit and 2 trailers or 
        semitrailers--
                    ``(A) with a total weight that does not 
                exceed 26,000 pounds; and
                    ``(B) in which the trailers or semitrailers 
                carry no property and constitute inventory 
                property of a manufacturer, distributor, or 
                dealer of such trailers or semitrailers.''.
    (b) General Limitations.--Section 31111(b)(1) of such title 
is amended by adding at the end the following:
            ``(H) has the effect of imposing an overall length 
        limitation of less than 82 feet on a towaway trailer 
        transporter combination.''.
    (c) Conforming Amendments.--
            (1) Property-carrying unit limitation.--Section 
        31112(a)(1) of such title is amended by inserting 
        before the period at the end the following: ``, but not 
        including a trailer or a semitrailer transported as 
        part of a towaway trailer transporter combination (as 
        defined in section 31111(a))''.
            (2) Access to interstate system.--Section 
        31114(a)(2) of such title is amended by inserting ``any 
        towaway trailer transporter combination (as defined in 
        section 31111(a)),'' after ``passengers,''.

SEC. 5524. EXEMPTIONS FROM REQUIREMENTS FOR CERTAIN WELDING TRUCKS USED 
                    IN PIPELINE INDUSTRY.

    (a) Covered Motor Vehicle Defined.--In this section, the 
term ``covered motor vehicle'' means a motor vehicle that--
            (1) is traveling in the State in which the vehicle 
        is registered or another State;
            (2) is owned by a welder;
            (3) is a pick-up style truck;
            (4) is equipped with a welding rig that is used in 
        the construction or maintenance of pipelines; and
            (5) has a gross vehicle weight and combination 
        weight rating and weight of 15,000 pounds or less.
    (b) Federal Requirements.--A covered motor vehicle, 
including the individual operating such vehicle and the 
employer of such individual, shall be exempt from the 
following:
            (1) Any requirement relating to registration as a 
        motor carrier, including the requirement to obtain and 
        display a Department of Transportation number, 
        established under chapters 139 and 311 of title 49, 
        United States Code.
            (2) Any requirement relating to driver 
        qualifications established under chapter 311 of title 
        49, United States Code.
            (3) Any requirement relating to driving of 
        commercial motor vehicles established under chapter 311 
        of title 49, United States Code.
            (4) Any requirement relating to parts and 
        accessories and inspection, repair, and maintenance of 
        commercial motor vehicles established under chapter 311 
        of title 49, United States Code.
            (5) Any requirement relating to hours of service of 
        drivers, including maximum driving and on duty time, 
        established under chapter 315 of title 49, United 
        States Code.

SEC. 5525. REPORT.

    (a) In General.--Not later than 4 years after the date of 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall submit to the 
Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation of the 
Senate and the Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure 
of the House of Representatives a report describing the safety 
and enforcement impacts of sections 5520, 5521, 5522, 5523, 
5524, and 7208 of this Act.
    (b) Consultation.--In preparing the report required under 
subsection (a), the Secretary shall consult with States, State 
law enforcement agencies, entities impacted by the sections 
described in subsection (a), and other entities the Secretary 
considers appropriate.

                          TITLE VI--INNOVATION

SEC. 6001. SHORT TITLE.

    This title may be cited as the ``Transportation for 
Tomorrow Act of 2015''.

SEC. 6002. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

    (a) In General.--The following amounts are authorized to be 
appropriated out of the Highway Trust Fund (other than the Mass 
Transit Account):
            (1) Highway research and development program.--To 
        carry out section 503(b) of title 23, United States 
        Code, $125,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2016 
        through 2020.
            (2) Technology and innovation deployment program.--
        To carry out section 503(c) of title 23, United States 
        Code--
                    (A) $67,000,000 for fiscal year 2016;
                    (B) $67,500,000 for fiscal year 2017;
                    (C) $67,500,000 for fiscal year 2018;
                    (D) $67,500,000 for fiscal year 2019; and
                    (E) $67,500,000 for fiscal year 2020.
            (3) Training and education.--To carry out section 
        504 of title 23, United States Code, $24,000,000 for 
        each of fiscal years 2016 through 2020.
            (4) Intelligent transportation systems program.--To 
        carry out sections 512 through 518 of title 23, United 
        States Code, $100,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2016 
        through 2020.
            (5) University transportation centers program.--To 
        carry out section 5505 of title 49, United States 
        Code--
                    (A) $72,500,000 for fiscal year 2016;
                    (B) $75,000,000 for fiscal year 2017;
                    (C) $75,000,000 for fiscal year 2018;
                    (D) $77,500,000 for fiscal year 2019; and
                    (E) $77,500,000 for fiscal year 2020.
            (6) Bureau of transportation statistics.--To carry 
        out chapter 63 of title 49, United States Code, 
        $26,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2016 through 2020.
    (b) Administration.--The Federal Highway Administration 
shall--
            (1) administer the programs described in paragraphs 
        (1), (2), and (3) of subsection (a); and
            (2) in consultation with relevant modal 
        administrations, administer the programs described in 
        subsection (a)(4).
    (c) Applicability of Title 23, United States Code.--Funds 
authorized to be appropriated by subsection (a) shall--
            (1) be available for obligation in the same manner 
        as if those funds were apportioned under chapter 1 of 
        title 23, United States Code, except that the Federal 
        share of the cost of a project or activity carried out 
        using those funds shall be 80 percent, unless otherwise 
        expressly provided by this Act (including the 
        amendments by this Act) or otherwise determined by the 
        Secretary; and
            (2) remain available until expended and not be 
        transferable, except as otherwise provided in this Act.

SEC. 6003. TECHNOLOGY AND INNOVATION DEPLOYMENT PROGRAM.

    Section 503(c)(3) of title 23, United States Code, is 
amended--
            (1) in subparagraph (C) by striking ``2013 through 
        2014'' and inserting ``2016 through 2020''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following:
                    ``(D) Publication.--
                            ``(i) In general.--Not less 
                        frequently than annually, the Secretary 
                        shall issue and make available to the 
                        public on an Internet website a report 
                        on the cost and benefits from 
                        deployment of new technology and 
                        innovations that substantially and 
                        directly resulted from the program 
                        established under this paragraph.
                            ``(ii) Inclusions.--The report 
                        under clause (i) may include an 
                        analysis of--
                                    ``(I) Federal, State, and 
                                local cost savings;
                                    ``(II) project delivery 
                                time improvements;
                                    ``(III) reduced fatalities; 
                                and
                                    ``(IV) congestion 
                                impacts.''.

SEC. 6004. ADVANCED TRANSPORTATION AND CONGESTION MANAGEMENT 
                    TECHNOLOGIES DEPLOYMENT.

    Section 503(c) of title 23, United States Code, is amended 
by adding at the end the following:
            ``(4) Advanced transportation technologies 
        deployment.--
                    ``(A) In general.--Not later than 6 months 
                after the date of enactment of this paragraph, 
                the Secretary shall establish an advanced 
                transportation and congestion management 
                technologies deployment initiative to provide 
                grants to eligible entities to develop model 
                deployment sites for large scale installation 
                and operation of advanced transportation 
                technologies to improve safety, efficiency, 
                system performance, and infrastructure return 
                on investment.
                    ``(B) Criteria.--The Secretary shall 
                develop criteria for selection of an eligible 
                entity to receive a grant under this paragraph, 
                including how the deployment of technology 
                will--
                            ``(i) reduce costs and improve 
                        return on investments, including 
                        through the enhanced use of existing 
                        transportation capacity;
                            ``(ii) deliver environmental 
                        benefits that alleviate congestion and 
                        streamline traffic flow;
                            ``(iii) measure and improve the 
                        operational performance of the 
                        applicable transportation network;
                            ``(iv) reduce the number and 
                        severity of traffic crashes and 
                        increase driver, passenger, and 
                        pedestrian safety;
                            ``(v) collect, disseminate, and use 
                        real-time traffic, transit, parking, 
                        and other transportation-related 
                        information to improve mobility, reduce 
                        congestion, and provide for more 
                        efficient and accessible 
                        transportation;
                            ``(vi) monitor transportation 
                        assets to improve infrastructure 
                        management, reduce maintenance costs, 
                        prioritize investment decisions, and 
                        ensure a state of good repair;
                            ``(vii) deliver economic benefits 
                        by reducing delays, improving system 
                        performance, and providing for the 
                        efficient and reliable movement of 
                        goods and services; or
                            ``(viii) accelerate the deployment 
                        of vehicle-to-vehicle, vehicle-to-
                        infrastructure, autonomous vehicles, 
                        and other technologies.
                    ``(C) Applications.--
                            ``(i) Request.--Not later than 6 
                        months after the date of enactment of 
                        this paragraph, and for every fiscal 
                        year thereafter, the Secretary shall 
                        request applications in accordance with 
                        clause (ii).
                            ``(ii) Contents.--An application 
                        submitted under this subparagraph shall 
                        include the following:
                                    ``(I) Plan.--A plan to 
                                deploy and provide for the 
                                long-term operation and 
                                maintenance of advanced 
                                transportation and congestion 
                                management technologies to 
                                improve safety, efficiency, 
                                system performance, and return 
                                on investment.
                                    ``(II) Objectives.--
                                Quantifiable system performance 
                                improvements, such as--
                                            ``(aa) reducing 
                                        traffic-related 
                                        crashes, congestion, 
                                        and costs;
                                            ``(bb) optimizing 
                                        system efficiency; and
                                            ``(cc) improving 
                                        access to 
                                        transportation 
                                        services.
                                    ``(III) Results.--
                                Quantifiable safety, mobility, 
                                and environmental benefit 
                                projections such as data-driven 
                                estimates of how the project 
                                will improve the region's 
                                transportation system 
                                efficiency and reduce traffic 
                                congestion.
                                    ``(IV) Partnerships.--A 
                                plan for partnering with the 
                                private sector or public 
                                agencies, including multimodal 
                                and multijurisdictional 
                                entities, research 
                                institutions, organizations 
                                representing transportation and 
                                technology leaders, or other 
                                transportation stakeholders.
                                    ``(V) Leveraging.--A plan 
                                to leverage and optimize 
                                existing local and regional 
                                advanced transportation 
                                technology investments.
                    ``(D) Grant selection.--
                            ``(i) Grant awards.--Not later than 
                        1 year after the date of enactment of 
                        this paragraph, and for every fiscal 
                        year thereafter, the Secretary shall 
                        award grants to not less than 5 and not 
                        more than 10 eligible entities.
                            ``(ii) Geographic diversity.--In 
                        awarding a grant under this paragraph, 
                        the Secretary shall ensure, to the 
                        extent practicable, that grant 
                        recipients represent diverse geographic 
                        areas of the United States, including 
                        urban and rural areas.
                            ``(iii) Technology diversity.--In 
                        awarding a grant under this paragraph, 
                        the Secretary shall ensure, to the 
                        extent practicable, that grant 
                        recipients represent diverse technology 
                        solutions.
                    ``(E) Use of grant funds.--A grant 
                recipient may use funds awarded under this 
                paragraph to deploy advanced transportation and 
                congestion management technologies, including--
                            ``(i) advanced traveler information 
                        systems;
                            ``(ii) advanced transportation 
                        management technologies;
                            ``(iii) infrastructure maintenance, 
                        monitoring, and condition assessment;
                            ``(iv) advanced public 
                        transportation systems;
                            ``(v) transportation system 
                        performance data collection, analysis, 
                        and dissemination systems;
                            ``(vi) advanced safety systems, 
                        including vehicle-to-vehicle and 
                        vehicle-to-infrastructure 
                        communications, technologies associated 
                        with autonomous vehicles, and other 
                        collision avoidance technologies, 
                        including systems using cellular 
                        technology;
                            ``(vii) integration of intelligent 
                        transportation systems with the Smart 
                        Grid and other energy distribution and 
                        charging systems;
                            ``(viii) electronic pricing and 
                        payment systems; or
                            ``(ix) advanced mobility and access 
                        technologies, such as dynamic 
                        ridesharing and information systems to 
                        support human services for elderly and 
                        disabled individuals.
                    ``(F) Report to secretary.--For each 
                eligible entity that receives a grant under 
                this paragraph, not later than 1 year after the 
                entity receives the grant, and each year 
                thereafter, the entity shall submit a report to 
                the Secretary that describes--
                            ``(i) deployment and operational 
                        costs of the project compared to the 
                        benefits and savings the project 
                        provides; and
                            ``(ii) how the project has met the 
                        original expectations projected in the 
                        deployment plan submitted with the 
                        application, such as--
                                    ``(I) data on how the 
                                project has helped reduce 
                                traffic crashes, congestion, 
                                costs, and other benefits of 
                                the deployed systems;
                                    ``(II) data on the effect 
                                of measuring and improving 
                                transportation system 
                                performance through the 
                                deployment of advanced 
                                technologies;
                                    ``(III) the effectiveness 
                                of providing real-time 
                                integrated traffic, transit, 
                                and multimodal transportation 
                                information to the public to 
                                make informed travel decisions; 
                                and
                                    ``(IV) lessons learned and 
                                recommendations for future 
                                deployment strategies to 
                                optimize transportation 
                                efficiency and multimodal 
                                system performance.
                    ``(G) Report.--Not later than 3 years after 
                the date that the first grant is awarded under 
                this paragraph, and each year thereafter, the 
                Secretary shall make available to the public on 
                an Internet website a report that describes the 
                effectiveness of grant recipients in meeting 
                their projected deployment plans, including 
                data provided under subparagraph (F) on how the 
                program has--
                            ``(i) reduced traffic-related 
                        fatalities and injuries;
                            ``(ii) reduced traffic congestion 
                        and improved travel time reliability;
                            ``(iii) reduced transportation-
                        related emissions;
                            ``(iv) optimized multimodal system 
                        performance;
                            ``(v) improved access to 
                        transportation alternatives;
                            ``(vi) provided the public with 
                        access to real-time integrated traffic, 
                        transit, and multimodal transportation 
                        information to make informed travel 
                        decisions;
                            ``(vii) provided cost savings to 
                        transportation agencies, businesses, 
                        and the traveling public; or
                            ``(viii) provided other benefits to 
                        transportation users and the general 
                        public.
                    ``(H) Additional grants.--The Secretary may 
                cease to provide additional grant funds to a 
                recipient of a grant under this paragraph if--
                            ``(i) the Secretary determines from 
                        such recipient's report that the 
                        recipient is not carrying out the 
                        requirements of the grant; and
                            ``(ii) the Secretary provides 
                        written notice 60 days prior to 
                        withholding funds to the Committees on 
                        Transportation and Infrastructure and 
                        Science, Space, and Technology of the 
                        House of Representatives and the 
                        Committees on Environment and Public 
                        Works and Commerce, Science, and 
                        Transportation of the Senate.
                    ``(I) Funding.--
                            ``(i) In general.--From funds made 
                        available to carry out subsection (b), 
                        this subsection, and sections 512 
                        through 518, the Secretary shall set 
                        aside for grants awarded under 
                        subparagraph (D) $60,000,000 for each 
                        of fiscal years 2016 through 2020.
                            ``(ii) Expenses for the 
                        secretary.--Of the amounts set aside 
                        under clause (i), the Secretary may set 
                        aside $2,000,000 each fiscal year for 
                        program reporting, evaluation, and 
                        administrative costs related to this 
                        paragraph.
                    ``(J) Federal share.--The Federal share of 
                the cost of a project for which a grant is 
                awarded under this subsection shall not exceed 
                50 percent of the cost of the project.
                    ``(K) Grant limitation.--The Secretary may 
                not award more than 20 percent of the amount 
                described under subparagraph (I) in a fiscal 
                year to a single grant recipient.
                    ``(L) Expenses for grant recipients.--A 
                grant recipient under this paragraph may use 
                not more than 5 percent of the funds awarded 
                each fiscal year to carry out planning and 
                reporting requirements.
                    ``(M) Grant flexibility.--
                            ``(i) In general.--If, by August 1 
                        of each fiscal year, the Secretary 
                        determines that there are not enough 
                        grant applications that meet the 
                        requirements described in subparagraph 
                        (C) to carry out this section for a 
                        fiscal year, the Secretary shall 
                        transfer to the programs specified in 
                        clause (ii)--
                                    ``(I) any of the funds 
                                reserved for the fiscal year 
                                under subparagraph (I) that the 
                                Secretary has not yet awarded 
                                under this paragraph; and
                                    ``(II) an amount of 
                                obligation limitation equal to 
                                the amount of funds that the 
                                Secretary transfers under 
                                subclause (I).
                            ``(ii) Programs.--The programs 
                        referred to in clause (i) are--
                                    ``(I) the program under 
                                subsection (b);
                                    ``(II) the program under 
                                this subsection; and
                                    ``(III) the programs under 
                                sections 512 through 518.
                            ``(iii) Distribution.--Any transfer 
                        of funds and obligation limitation 
                        under clause (i) shall be divided among 
                        the programs referred to in that clause 
                        in the same proportions as the 
                        Secretary originally reserved funding 
                        from the programs for the fiscal year 
                        under subparagraph (I).
                    ``(N) Definitions.--In this paragraph, the 
                following definitions apply:
                            ``(i) Eligible entity.--The term 
                        `eligible entity' means a State or 
                        local government, a transit agency, 
                        metropolitan planning organization 
                        representing a population of over 
                        200,000, or other political subdivision 
                        of a State or local government or a 
                        multijurisdictional group or a 
                        consortia of research institutions or 
                        academic institutions.
                            ``(ii) Advanced and congestion 
                        management transportation 
                        technologies.--The term `advanced 
                        transportation and congestion 
                        management technologies' means 
                        technologies that improve the 
                        efficiency, safety, or state of good 
                        repair of surface transportation 
                        systems, including intelligent 
                        transportation systems.
                            ``(iii) Multijurisdictional 
                        group.--The term `multijurisdictional 
                        group' means a any combination of State 
                        governments, local governments, 
                        metropolitan planning agencies, transit 
                        agencies, or other political 
                        subdivisions of a State for which each 
                        member of the group--
                                    ``(I) has signed a written 
                                agreement to implement the 
                                advanced transportation 
                                technologies deployment 
                                initiative across 
                                jurisdictional boundaries; and
                                    ``(II) is an eligible 
                                entity under this paragraph.''.

SEC. 6005. INTELLIGENT TRANSPORTATION SYSTEM GOALS.

    Section 514(a) of title 23, United States Code, is 
amended--
            (1) in paragraph (4) by striking ``and'' at the 
        end;
            (2) in paragraph (5) by striking the period at the 
        end and inserting ``; and''; and
            (3) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(6) enhancement of the national freight system 
        and support to national freight policy goals.''.

SEC. 6006. INTELLIGENT TRANSPORTATION SYSTEM PURPOSES.

    Section 514(b) of title 23, United States Code, is 
amended--
            (1) in paragraph (8) by striking ``and'' at the 
        end;
            (2) in paragraph (9) by striking the period at the 
        end and inserting ``; and''; and
            (3) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(10) to assist in the development of 
        cybersecurity research in cooperation with relevant 
        modal administrations of the Department of 
        Transportation and other Federal agencies to help 
        prevent hacking, spoofing, and disruption of connected 
        and automated transportation vehicles.''.

SEC. 6007. INTELLIGENT TRANSPORTATION SYSTEM PROGRAM REPORT.

    Section 515(h)(4) of title 23, United States Code, is 
amended in the matter preceding subparagraph (A)--
            (1) by striking ``February 1 of each year after the 
        date of enactment of the Transportation Research and 
        Innovative Technology Act of 2012'' and inserting ``May 
        1 of each year''; and
            (2) by striking ``submit to Congress'' and 
        inserting ``make available to the public on a 
        Department of Transportation website''.

SEC. 6008. INTELLIGENT TRANSPORTATION SYSTEM NATIONAL ARCHITECTURE AND 
                    STANDARDS.

    Section 517(a)(3) of title 23, United States Code, is 
amended by striking ``memberships are comprised of, and 
represent,'' and inserting ``memberships include 
representatives of''.

SEC. 6009. COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS DEPLOYMENT REPORT.

    Section 518(a) of title 23, United States Code, is amended 
in the matter preceding paragraph (1) by striking ``Not later 
than 3'' and all that follows through ``House of 
Representatives'' and inserting ``Not later than July 6, 2016, 
the Secretary shall make available to the public on a 
Department of Transportation website a report''.

SEC. 6010. INFRASTRUCTURE DEVELOPMENT.

    (a) In General.--Chapter 5 of title 23, United States Code, 
is amended by adding at the end the following:

``Sec. 519. Infrastructure development

    ``Funds made available to carry out this chapter for 
operational tests of intelligent transportation systems--
            ``(1) shall be used primarily for the development 
        of intelligent transportation system infrastructure, 
        equipment, and systems; and
            ``(2) to the maximum extent practicable, shall not 
        be used for the construction of physical surface 
        transportation infrastructure unless the construction 
        is incidental and critically necessary to the 
        implementation of an intelligent transportation system 
        project.''.
    (b) Technical and Conforming Amendments.--
            (1) Clerical amendment.--The analysis for chapter 5 
        of title 23, United States Code, is amended by adding 
        at the end the following:

``519. Infrastructure development.''.
            (2) Technical amendment.--The item relating to 
        section 512 in the analysis for chapter 5 of title 23, 
        United States Code, is amended to read as follows:

``512. National ITS program plan.''.

SEC. 6011. DEPARTMENTAL RESEARCH PROGRAMS.

    (a) Assistant Secretary for Research and Technology.--
Section 102(e)(1) of title 49, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in the matter preceding subparagraph (A) by 
        striking ``5'' and inserting ``6''; and
            (2) in subparagraph (A) by inserting ``an Assistant 
        Secretary for Research and Technology,'' after 
        ``Governmental Affairs,''.
    (b) Research Activities.--Section 330 of title 49, United 
States Code, is amended--
            (1) in the section heading by striking 
        ``contracts'' and inserting ``activities'';
            (2) in subsection (a) by striking ``The Secretary 
        of'' and inserting ``In General.--The Secretary of'';
            (3) in subsection (b) by striking ``In carrying'' 
        and inserting ``Responsibilities.--In carrying'';
            (4) in subsection (c) by striking ``The Secretary'' 
        and inserting ``Publications.--The Secretary''; and
            (5) by adding at the end the following:
    ``(d) Duties.--The Secretary shall provide for the 
following:
            ``(1) Coordination, facilitation, and review of 
        Department of Transportation research and development 
        programs and activities.
            ``(2) Advancement, and research and development, of 
        innovative technologies, including intelligent 
        transportation systems.
            ``(3) Comprehensive transportation statistics 
        research, analysis, and reporting.
            ``(4) Education and training in transportation and 
        transportation-related fields.
            ``(5) Activities of the Volpe National 
        Transportation Systems Center.
            ``(6) Coordination in support of multimodal and 
        multidisciplinary research activities.
    ``(e) Additional Authorities.--The Secretary may--
            ``(1) enter into grants and cooperative agreements 
        with Federal agencies, State and local government 
        agencies, other public entities, private organizations, 
        and other persons to conduct research into 
        transportation service and infrastructure assurance and 
        to carry out other research activities of the 
        Department of Transportation;
            ``(2) carry out, on a cost-shared basis, 
        collaborative research and development to encourage 
        innovative solutions to multimodal transportation 
        problems and stimulate the deployment of new technology 
        with--
                    ``(A) non-Federal entities, including State 
                and local governments, foreign governments, 
                institutions of higher education, corporations, 
                institutions, partnerships, sole 
                proprietorships, and trade associations that 
                are incorporated or established under the laws 
                of any State;
                    ``(B) Federal laboratories; and
                    ``(C) other Federal agencies; and
            ``(3) directly initiate contracts, grants, 
        cooperative research and development agreements (as 
        defined in section 12(d) of the Stevenson-Wydler 
        Technology Innovation Act of 1980 (15 U.S.C. 
        3710a(d))), and other agreements to fund, and accept 
        funds from, the Transportation Research Board of the 
        National Academies, State departments of 
        transportation, cities, counties, institutions of 
        higher education, associations, and the agents of those 
        entities to carry out joint transportation research and 
        technology efforts.
    ``(f) Federal Share.--
            ``(1) In general.--Subject to paragraph (2), the 
        Federal share of the cost of an activity carried out 
        under subsection (e)(3) shall not exceed 50 percent.
            ``(2) Exception.--If the Secretary determines that 
        the activity is of substantial public interest or 
        benefit, the Secretary may approve a greater Federal 
        share.
            ``(3) Non-federal share.--All costs directly 
        incurred by the non-Federal partners, including 
        personnel, travel, facility, and hardware development 
        costs, shall be credited toward the non-Federal share 
        of the cost of an activity described in subsection 
        (e)(3).
    ``(g) Program Evaluation and Oversight.--For each of fiscal 
years 2016 through 2020, the Secretary is authorized to expend 
not more than 1 \1/2\ percent of the amounts authorized to be 
appropriated for the coordination, evaluation, and oversight of 
the programs administered by the Office of the Assistant 
Secretary for Research and Technology.
    ``(h) Use of Technology.--The research, development, or use 
of a technology under a contract, grant, cooperative research 
and development agreement, or other agreement entered into 
under this section, including the terms under which the 
technology may be licensed and the resulting royalties may be 
distributed, shall be subject to the Stevenson-Wydler 
Technology Innovation Act of 1980 (15 U.S.C. 3701 et seq.).
    ``(i) Waiver of Advertising Requirements.--Section 6101 of 
title 41 shall not apply to a contract, grant, or other 
agreement entered into under this section.''.
    (c) Clerical Amendment.--The item relating to section 330 
in the analysis of chapter 3 of title 49, United States Code, 
is amended to read as follows:

``330. Research activities.''.
    (d) Technical and Conforming Amendments.--
            (1) Title 5 amendments.--
                    (A) Positions at level ii.--Section 5313 of 
                title 5, United States Code, is amended by 
                striking ``The Under Secretary of 
                Transportation for Security.''.
                    (B) Positions at level iv.--Section 5315 of 
                title 5, United States Code, is amended in the 
                undesignated item relating to Assistant 
                Secretaries of Transportation by striking 
                ``(4)'' and inserting ``(5)''.
                    (C) Positions at level v.--Section 5316 of 
                title 5, United States Code, is amended by 
                striking ``Associate Deputy Secretary, 
                Department of Transportation.''.
            (2) Bureau of transportation statistics.--Section 
        6302 of title 49, United States Code, is amended by 
        striking subsection (a) and inserting the following:
    ``(a) In General.--There shall be within the Department of 
Transportation the Bureau of Transportation Statistics.''.

SEC. 6012. RESEARCH AND INNOVATIVE TECHNOLOGY ADMINISTRATION.

    (a) Repeal.--Section 112 of title 49, United States Code, 
is repealed.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The analysis for chapter 1 of 
title 49, United States Code, is amended by striking the item 
relating to section 112.

SEC. 6013. WEB-BASED TRAINING FOR EMERGENCY RESPONDERS.

    Section 5115(a) of title 49, United States Code, is amended 
in the first sentence by inserting ``, including online 
curriculum as appropriate,'' after ``a current curriculum of 
courses''.

SEC. 6014. HAZARDOUS MATERIALS RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT.

    Section 5118 of title 49, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)(2)--
                    (A) in subparagraph (A) by striking ``and'' 
                at the end;
                    (B) in subparagraph (B) by striking the 
                period at the end and inserting ``; and''; and
                    (C) by adding at the end the following:
                    ``(C) coordinate, as appropriate, with 
                other Federal agencies.''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following:
    ``(c) Cooperative Research.--
            ``(1) In general.--As part of the program 
        established under subsection (a), the Secretary may 
        carry out cooperative research on hazardous materials 
        transport.
            ``(2) National academies.--The Secretary may enter 
        into an agreement with the National Academies to 
        support research described in paragraph (1).
            ``(3) Research.--Research conducted under this 
        subsection may include activities relating to--
                    ``(A) emergency planning and response, 
                including information and programs that can be 
                readily assessed and implemented in local 
                jurisdictions;
                    ``(B) risk analysis and perception and data 
                assessment;
                    ``(C) commodity flow data, including 
                voluntary collaboration between shippers and 
                first responders for secure data exchange of 
                critical information;
                    ``(D) integration of safety and security;
                    ``(E) cargo packaging and handling;
                    ``(F) hazmat release consequences; and
                    ``(G) materials and equipment testing.''.

SEC. 6015. OFFICE OF INTERMODALISM.

    (a) Repeal.--Section 5503 of title 49, United States Code, 
is repealed.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The analysis for chapter 55 of 
title 49, United States Code, is amended by striking the item 
relating to section 5503.

SEC. 6016. UNIVERSITY TRANSPORTATION CENTERS.

    Section 5505 of title 49, United States Code, is amended to 
read as follows:

``Sec. 5505. University transportation centers program

    ``(a) University Transportation Centers Program.--
            ``(1) Establishment and operation.--The Secretary 
        shall make grants under this section to eligible 
        nonprofit institutions of higher education to establish 
        and operate university transportation centers.
            ``(2) Role of centers.--The role of each university 
        transportation center referred to in paragraph (1) 
        shall be--
                    ``(A) to advance transportation expertise 
                and technology in the varied disciplines that 
                comprise the field of transportation through 
                education, research, and technology transfer 
                activities;
                    ``(B) to provide for a critical 
                transportation knowledge base outside of the 
                Department of Transportation; and
                    ``(C) to address critical workforce needs 
                and educate the next generation of 
                transportation leaders.
    ``(b) Competitive Selection Process.--
            ``(1) Applications.--To receive a grant under this 
        section, a consortium of nonprofit institutions of 
        higher education shall submit to the Secretary an 
        application that is in such form and contains such 
        information as the Secretary may require.
            ``(2) Restriction.--
                    ``(A) Limitation.--A lead institution of a 
                consortium of nonprofit institutions of higher 
                education, as applicable, may only receive 1 
                grant per fiscal year for each of the 
                transportation centers described under 
                paragraphs (2), (3), and (4) of subsection (c).
                    ``(B) Exception for consortium members that 
                are not lead institutions.--Subparagraph (A) 
                shall not apply to a nonprofit institution of 
                higher education that is a member of a 
                consortium of nonprofit institutions of higher 
                education but not the lead institution of such 
                consortium.
            ``(3) Coordination.--The Secretary shall solicit 
        grant applications for national transportation centers, 
        regional transportation centers, and Tier 1 university 
        transportation centers with identical advertisement 
        schedules and deadlines.
            ``(4) General selection criteria.--
                    ``(A) In general.--Except as otherwise 
                provided by this section, the Secretary shall 
                award grants under this section in nonexclusive 
                candidate topic areas established by the 
                Secretary that address the research priorities 
                identified in chapter 65.
                    ``(B) Criteria.--The Secretary, in 
                consultation with the Assistant Secretary for 
                Research and Technology and the Administrator 
                of the Federal Highway Administration and other 
                modal administrations as appropriate, shall 
                select each recipient of a grant under this 
                section through a competitive process based on 
                the assessment of the Secretary relating to--
                            ``(i) the demonstrated ability of 
                        the recipient to address each specific 
                        topic area described in the research 
                        and strategic plans of the recipient;
                            ``(ii) the demonstrated research, 
                        technology transfer, and education 
                        resources available to the recipient to 
                        carry out this section;
                            ``(iii) the ability of the 
                        recipient to provide leadership in 
                        solving immediate and long-range 
                        national and regional transportation 
                        problems;
                            ``(iv) the ability of the recipient 
                        to carry out research, education, and 
                        technology transfer activities that are 
                        multimodal and multidisciplinary in 
                        scope;
                            ``(v) the demonstrated commitment 
                        of the recipient to carry out 
                        transportation workforce development 
                        programs through--
                                    ``(I) degree-granting 
                                programs or programs that 
                                provide other industry-
                                recognized credentials; and
                                    ``(II) outreach activities 
                                to attract new entrants into 
                                the transportation field, 
                                including women and 
                                underrepresented populations;
                            ``(vi) the demonstrated ability of 
                        the recipient to disseminate results 
                        and spur the implementation of 
                        transportation research and education 
                        programs through national or statewide 
                        continuing education programs;
                            ``(vii) the demonstrated commitment 
                        of the recipient to the use of peer 
                        review principles and other research 
                        best practices in the selection, 
                        management, and dissemination of 
                        research projects;
                            ``(viii) the strategic plan 
                        submitted by the recipient describing 
                        the proposed research to be carried out 
                        by the recipient and the performance 
                        metrics to be used in assessing the 
                        performance of the recipient in meeting 
                        the stated research, technology 
                        transfer, education, and outreach 
                        goals; and
                            ``(ix) the ability of the recipient 
                        to implement the proposed program in a 
                        cost-efficient manner, such as through 
                        cost sharing and overall reduced 
                        overhead, facilities, and 
                        administrative costs.
            ``(5) Transparency.--
                    ``(A) In general.--The Secretary shall 
                provide to each applicant, upon request, any 
                materials, including copies of reviews (with 
                any information that would identify a reviewer 
                redacted), used in the evaluation process of 
                the proposal of the applicant.
                    ``(B) Reports.--The Secretary shall submit 
                to the Committees on Transportation and 
                Infrastructure and Science, Space, and 
                Technology of the House of Representatives and 
                the Committee on Environment and Public Works 
                of the Senate a report describing the overall 
                review process under paragraph (4) that 
                includes--
                            ``(i) specific criteria of 
                        evaluation used in the review;
                            ``(ii) descriptions of the review 
                        process; and
                            ``(iii) explanations of the 
                        selected awards.
            ``(6) Outside stakeholders.--The Secretary shall, 
        to the maximum extent practicable, consult external 
        stakeholders, including the Transportation Research 
        Board of the National Research Council of the National 
        Academies, to evaluate and competitively review all 
        proposals.
    ``(c) Grants.--
            ``(1) In general.--Not later than 1 year after the 
        date of enactment of this section, the Secretary shall 
        select grant recipients under subsection (b) and make 
        grant amounts available to the selected recipients.
            ``(2) National transportation centers.--
                    ``(A) In general.--Subject to subparagraph 
                (B), the Secretary shall provide grants to 5 
                consortia that the Secretary determines best 
                meet the criteria described in subsection 
                (b)(4).
                    ``(B) Restrictions.--
                            ``(i) In general.--For each fiscal 
                        year, a grant made available under this 
                        paragraph shall be not greater than 
                        $4,000,000 and not less than $2,000,000 
                        per recipient.
                            ``(ii) Focused research.--A 
                        consortium receiving a grant under this 
                        paragraph shall focus research on 1 of 
                        the transportation issue areas 
                        specified in section 6503(c).
                    ``(C) Matching requirement.--
                            ``(i) In general.--As a condition 
                        of receiving a grant under this 
                        paragraph, a grant recipient shall 
                        match 100 percent of the amounts made 
                        available under the grant.
                            ``(ii) Sources.--The matching 
                        amounts referred to in clause (i) may 
                        include amounts made available to the 
                        recipient under--
                                    ``(I) section 504(b) of 
                                title 23; or
                                    ``(II) section 505 of title 
                                23.
            ``(3) Regional university transportation centers.--
                    ``(A) Location of regional centers.--One 
                regional university transportation center shall 
                be located in each of the 10 Federal regions 
                that comprise the Standard Federal Regions 
                established by the Office of Management and 
                Budget in the document entitled `Standard 
                Federal Regions' and dated April 1974 (circular 
                A-105).
                    ``(B) Selection criteria.--In conducting a 
                competition under subsection (b), the Secretary 
                shall provide grants to 10 consortia on the 
                basis of--
                            ``(i) the criteria described in 
                        subsection (b)(4);
                            ``(ii) the location of the lead 
                        center within the Federal region to be 
                        served; and
                            ``(iii) whether the consortium of 
                        institutions demonstrates that the 
                        consortium has a well-established, 
                        nationally recognized program in 
                        transportation research and education, 
                        as evidenced by--
                                    ``(I) recent expenditures 
                                by the institution in highway 
                                or public transportation 
                                research;
                                    ``(II) a historical track 
                                record of awarding graduate 
                                degrees in professional fields 
                                closely related to highways and 
                                public transportation; and
                                    ``(III) an experienced 
                                faculty who specialize in 
                                professional fields closely 
                                related to highways and public 
                                transportation.
                    ``(C) Restrictions.--For each fiscal year, 
                a grant made available under this paragraph 
                shall be not greater than $3,000,000 and not 
                less than $1,500,000 per recipient.
                    ``(D) Matching requirements.--
                            ``(i) In general.--As a condition 
                        of receiving a grant under this 
                        paragraph, a grant recipient shall 
                        match 100 percent of the amounts made 
                        available under the grant.
                            ``(ii) Sources.--The matching 
                        amounts referred to in clause (i) may 
                        include amounts made available to the 
                        recipient under--
                                    ``(I) section 504(b) of 
                                title 23; or
                                    ``(II) section 505 of title 
                                23.
                    ``(E) Focused research.--The Secretary 
                shall make a grant to 1 of the 10 regional 
                university transportation centers established 
                under this paragraph for the purpose of 
                furthering the objectives described in 
                subsection (a)(2) in the field of comprehensive 
                transportation safety, congestion, connected 
                vehicles, connected infrastructure, and 
                autonomous vehicles.
            ``(4) Tier 1 university transportation centers.--
                    ``(A) In general.--The Secretary shall 
                provide grants of not greater than $2,000,000 
                and not less than $1,000,000 to not more than 
                20 recipients to carry out this paragraph.
                    ``(B) Matching requirement.--
                            ``(i) In general.--As a condition 
                        of receiving a grant under this 
                        paragraph, a grant recipient shall 
                        match 50 percent of the amounts made 
                        available under the grant.
                            ``(ii) Sources.--The matching 
                        amounts referred to in clause (i) may 
                        include amounts made available to the 
                        recipient under--
                                    ``(I) section 504(b) of 
                                title 23; or
                                    ``(II) section 505 of title 
                                23.
                    ``(C) Focused research.--In awarding grants 
                under this section, consideration shall be 
                given to minority institutions, as defined by 
                section 365 of the Higher Education Act of 1965 
                (20 U.S.C. 1067k), or consortia that include 
                such institutions that have demonstrated an 
                ability in transportation-related research.
    ``(d) Program Coordination.--
            ``(1) In general.--The Secretary shall--
                    ``(A) coordinate the research, education, 
                and technology transfer activities carried out 
                by grant recipients under this section; and
                    ``(B) disseminate the results of that 
                research through the establishment and 
                operation of a publicly accessible online 
                information clearinghouse.
            ``(2) Annual review and evaluation.--Not less 
        frequently than annually, and consistent with the plan 
        developed under section 6503, the Secretary shall--
                    ``(A) review and evaluate the programs 
                carried out under this section by grant 
                recipients; and
                    ``(B) submit to the Committees on 
                Transportation and Infrastructure and Science, 
                Space, and Technology of the House of 
                Representatives and the Committees on 
                Environment and Public Works and Commerce, 
                Science, and Transportation of the Senate a 
                report describing that review and evaluation.
            ``(3) Program evaluation and oversight.--For each 
        of fiscal years 2016 through 2020, the Secretary shall 
        expend not more than 1 and a half percent of the 
        amounts made available to the Secretary to carry out 
        this section for any coordination, evaluation, and 
        oversight activities of the Secretary under this 
        section.
    ``(e) Limitation on Availability of Amounts.--Amounts made 
available to the Secretary to carry out this section shall 
remain available for obligation by the Secretary for a period 
of 3 years after the last day of the fiscal year for which the 
amounts are authorized.
    ``(f) Information Collection.--Any survey, questionnaire, 
or interview that the Secretary determines to be necessary to 
carry out reporting requirements relating to any program 
assessment or evaluation activity under this section, including 
customer satisfaction assessments, shall not be subject to 
chapter 35 of title 44.''.

SEC. 6017. BUREAU OF TRANSPORTATION STATISTICS.

    Section 6302 of title 49, United States Code, is amended by 
adding at the end the following:
    ``(d) Independence of Bureau.--
            ``(1) In general.--The Director shall not be 
        required--
                    ``(A) to obtain the approval of any other 
                officer or employee of the Department with 
                respect to the collection or analysis of any 
                information; or
                    ``(B) prior to publication, to obtain the 
                approval of any other officer or employee of 
                the United States Government with respect to 
                the substance of any statistical technical 
                reports or press releases lawfully prepared by 
                the Director.
            ``(2) Budget authority.--The Director shall have a 
        significant role in the disposition and allocation of 
        the authorized budget of the Bureau, including--
                    ``(A) all hiring, grants, cooperative 
                agreements, and contracts awarded by the Bureau 
                to carry out this section; and
                    ``(B) the disposition and allocation of 
                amounts paid to the Bureau for cost-
                reimbursable projects.
            ``(3) Exceptions.--The Secretary shall direct 
        external support functions, such as the coordination of 
        activities involving multiple modal administrations.
            ``(4) Information technology.--The Department Chief 
        Information Officer shall consult with the Director to 
        ensure decisions related to information technology 
        guarantee the protection of the confidentiality of 
        information provided solely for statistical purposes, 
        in accordance with the Confidential Information 
        Protection and Statistical Efficiency Act of 2002 (44 
        U.S.C. 3501 note; Public Law 107-347).''.

SEC. 6018. PORT PERFORMANCE FREIGHT STATISTICS PROGRAM.

    (a) In General.--Chapter 63 of title 49, United States 
Code, is amended by adding at the end the following:

``Sec. 6314. Port performance freight statistics program

    ``(a) In General.--The Director shall establish, on behalf 
of the Secretary, a port performance statistics program to 
provide nationally consistent measures of performance of, at a 
minimum--
            ``(1) the Nation's top 25 ports by tonnage;
            ``(2) the Nation's top 25 ports by 20-foot 
        equivalent unit; and
            ``(3) the Nation's top 25 ports by dry bulk.
    ``(b) Reports.--
            ``(1) Port capacity and throughput.--Not later than 
        January 15 of each year, the Director shall submit an 
        annual report to Congress that includes statistics on 
        capacity and throughput at the ports described in 
        subsection (a).
            ``(2) Port performance measures.--The Director 
        shall collect port performance measures for each of the 
        United States ports referred to in subsection (a) 
        that--
                    ``(A) receives Federal assistance; or
                    ``(B) is subject to Federal regulation to 
                submit necessary information to the Bureau that 
                includes statistics on capacity and throughput 
                as applicable to the specific configuration of 
                the port.
    ``(c) Recommendations.--
            ``(1) In general.--The Director shall obtain 
        recommendations for--
                    ``(A) port performance measures, including 
                specifications and data measurements to be used 
                in the program established under subsection 
                (a); and
                    ``(B) a process for the Department to 
                collect timely and consistent data, including 
                identifying safeguards to protect proprietary 
                information described in subsection (b)(2).
            ``(2) Working group.--Not later than 60 days after 
        the date of the enactment of the Transportation for 
        Tomorrow Act of 2015, the Director shall commission a 
        working group composed of--
                    ``(A) operating administrations of the 
                Department;
                    ``(B) the Coast Guard;
                    ``(C) the Federal Maritime Commission;
                    ``(D) U.S. Customs and Border Protection;
                    ``(E) the Marine Transportation System 
                National Advisory Council;
                    ``(F) the Army Corps of Engineers;
                    ``(G) the Saint Lawrence Seaway Development 
                Corporation;
                    ``(H) the Bureau of Labor Statistics;
                    ``(I) the Maritime Advisory Committee for 
                Occupational Safety and Health;
                    ``(J) the Advisory Committee on Supply 
                Chain Competitiveness;
                    ``(K) 1 representative from the rail 
                industry;
                    ``(L) 1 representative from the trucking 
                industry;
                    ``(M) 1 representative from the maritime 
                shipping industry;
                    ``(N) 1 representative from a labor 
                organization for each industry described in 
                subparagraphs (K) through (M);
                    ``(O) 1 representative from the 
                International Longshoremen's Association;
                    ``(P) 1 representative from the 
                International Longshore and Warehouse Union;
                    ``(Q) 1 representative from a port 
                authority;
                    ``(R) 1 representative from a terminal 
                operator;
                    ``(S) representatives of the National 
                Freight Advisory Committee of the Department; 
                and
                    ``(T) representatives of the Transportation 
                Research Board of the National Academies of 
                Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine.
            ``(3) Recommendations.--Not later than 1 year after 
        the date of the enactment of the Transportation for 
        Tomorrow Act of 2015, the working group commissioned 
        under paragraph (2) shall submit its recommendations to 
        the Director.
    ``(d) Access to Data.--The Director shall ensure that--
            ``(1) the statistics compiled under this section--
                    ``(A) are readily accessible to the public; 
                and
                    ``(B) are consistent with applicable 
                security constraints and confidentiality 
                interests; and
            ``(2) the data acquired, regardless of source, 
        shall be protected in accordance with the Confidential 
        Information Protection and Statistical Efficiency Act 
        of 2002 (44 U.S.C. 3501 note; Public Law 107-347).''.
    (b) Prohibition on Certain Disclosures; Copies of 
Reports.--Section 6307(b) of such title is amended, by 
inserting ``or section 6314(b)'' after ``section 
6302(b)(3)(B)'' each place it appears.
    (c) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections for chapter 
63 of such title is amended by adding at the end the following:

``6314. Port performance freight statistics program.''.

SEC. 6019. RESEARCH PLANNING.

    (a) Findings.--Congress finds that--
            (1) Federal transportation research planning--
                    (A) should be coordinated by the Office of 
                the Secretary; and
                    (B) should be, to the extent practicable, 
                multimodal and not occur solely within the sub-
                agencies of the Department;
            (2) managing a multimodal research portfolio within 
        the Office of the Secretary will--
                    (A) help identify opportunities in which 
                research could be applied across modes; and
                    (B) prevent duplication of efforts and 
                waste of limited Federal resources;
            (3) the Assistant Secretary for Research and 
        Technology at the Department of Transportation will--
                    (A) give stakeholders a formal opportunity 
                to address concerns;
                    (B) ensure unbiased research; and
                    (C) improve the overall research products 
                of the Department; and
            (4) increasing transparency of transportation 
        research and development efforts will--
                    (A) build stakeholder confidence in the 
                final product; and
                    (B) lead to the improved implementation of 
                research findings.
    (b) Research Planning.--
            (1) In general.--Subtitle III of title 49, United 
        States Code, is amended by inserting after chapter 63 
        the following:

                    ``CHAPTER 65--RESEARCH PLANNING

``Sec.
``6501. Annual modal research plans.
``6502. Consolidated research database.
``6503. Transportation research and development 5-year strategic plan.

``SEC. 6501. ANNUAL MODAL RESEARCH PLANS.

    ``(a) Modal Plans Required.--
            ``(1) In general.--Not later than May 1 of each 
        year, the head of each modal administration and joint 
        program office of the Department of Transportation 
        shall submit to the Assistant Secretary for Research 
        and Technology of the Department of Transportation 
        (referred to in this chapter as the `Assistant 
        Secretary') a comprehensive annual modal research plan 
        for the upcoming fiscal year and a detailed outlook for 
        the following fiscal year.
            ``(2) Relationship to strategic plan.--Each plan 
        submitted under paragraph (1), after the plan required 
        in 2016, shall be consistent with the strategic plan 
        developed under section 6503.
    ``(b) Review.--
            ``(1) In general.--Not later than September 1 of 
        each year, the Assistant Secretary, for each plan and 
        outlook submitted pursuant to subsection (a), shall--
                    ``(A) review the scope of the research; and
                    ``(B)(i) approve the plan and outlook; or
                    ``(ii) request that the plan and outlook be 
                revised and resubmitted for approval.
            ``(2) Publications.--Not later than January 30 of 
        each year, the Secretary shall publish on a public 
        website each plan and outlook that has been approved 
        under paragraph (1)(B)(i).
            ``(3) Rejection of duplicative research efforts.--
        The Assistant Secretary may not approve any plan 
        submitted by the head of a modal administration or 
        joint program office pursuant to subsection (a) if any 
        of the projects described in the plan duplicate 
        significant aspects of research efforts of any other 
        modal administration.
    ``(c) Funding Limitations.--No funds may be expended by the 
Department of Transportation on research that has been 
determined by the Assistant Secretary under subsection (b)(3) 
to be duplicative unless--
            ``(1) the research is required by an Act of 
        Congress;
            ``(2) the research was part of a contract that was 
        funded before the date of enactment of this chapter;
            ``(3) the research updates previously commissioned 
        research; or
            ``(4) the Assistant Secretary certifies to Congress 
        that such research is necessary, and provides 
        justification for such certification.
    ``(d) Certification.--
            ``(1) In general.--The Secretary shall annually 
        certify to Congress that--
                    ``(A) each modal research plan has been 
                reviewed; and
                    ``(B) there is no duplication of study for 
                research directed, commissioned, or conducted 
                by the Department of Transportation.
            ``(2) Corrective action plan.--If the Secretary, 
        after submitting a certification under paragraph (1), 
        identifies duplication of research within the 
        Department of Transportation, the Secretary shall--
                    ``(A) notify Congress of the duplicative 
                research; and
                    ``(B) submit to Congress a corrective 
                action plan to eliminate the duplicative 
                research.

``SEC. 6502. CONSOLIDATED RESEARCH DATABASE.

    ``(a) Research Abstract Database.--
            ``(1) In general.--The Secretary shall annually 
        publish on a public website a comprehensive database of 
        all research projects conducted by the Department of 
        Transportation, including, to the extent practicable, 
        research funded through University Transportation 
        Centers.
            ``(2) Contents.--The database published under 
        paragraph (1) shall, to the extent practicable--
                    ``(A) include the consolidated modal 
                research plans approved under section 
                6501(b)(1)(B)(i);
                    ``(B) describe the research objectives, 
                progress, findings, and allocated funds for 
                each research project;
                    ``(C) identify research projects with 
                multimodal applications;
                    ``(D) specify how relevant modal 
                administrations have assisted, will contribute 
                to, or plan to use the findings from the 
                research projects identified under paragraph 
                (1);
                    ``(E) identify areas in which more than 1 
                modal administration is conducting research on 
                a similar subject or a subject that has a 
                bearing on more than 1 mode;
                    ``(F) indicate how the findings of research 
                are being disseminated to improve the 
                efficiency, effectiveness, and safety of 
                transportation systems; and
                    ``(G) describe the public and stakeholder 
                input to the research plans submitted under 
                section 6501(a)(1).
    ``(b) Funding Report.--In conjunction with each of the 
annual budget requests submitted by the President under section 
1105 of title 31, the Secretary shall annually publish on a 
public website and submit to the appropriate committees of 
Congress a report that describes--
            ``(1) the amount spent in the last full fiscal year 
        on transportation research and development with 
        specific descriptions of projects funded at $5,000,000 
        or more; and
            ``(2) the amount proposed in the current budget for 
        transportation research and development with specific 
        descriptions of projects funded at $5,000,000 or more.
    ``(c) Performance Plans and Reports.--In the plans and 
reports submitted under sections 1115 and 1116 of title 31, the 
Secretary shall include--
            ``(1) a summary of the Federal transportation 
        research and development activities for the previous 
        fiscal year in each topic area;
            ``(2) the amount spent in each topic area;
            ``(3) a description of the extent to which the 
        research and development is meeting the expectations 
        described in section 6503(c)(1); and
            ``(4) any amendments to the strategic plan 
        developed under section 6503.

``SEC. 6503. TRANSPORTATION RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT 5-YEAR STRATEGIC 
                    PLAN.

    ``(a) In General.--The Secretary shall develop a 5-year 
transportation research and development strategic plan to guide 
future Federal transportation research and development 
activities.
    ``(b) Consistency.--The strategic plan developed under 
subsection (a) shall be consistent with--
            ``(1) section 306 of title 5;
            ``(2) sections 1115 and 1116 of title 31; and
            ``(3) any other research and development plan 
        within the Department of Transportation.
    ``(c) Contents.--The strategic plan developed under 
subsection (a) shall--
            ``(1) describe how the plan furthers the primary 
        purposes of the transportation research and development 
        program, which shall include--
                    ``(A) improving mobility of people and 
                goods;
                    ``(B) reducing congestion;
                    ``(C) promoting safety;
                    ``(D) improving the durability and 
                extending the life of transportation 
                infrastructure;
                    ``(E) preserving the environment; and
                    ``(F) preserving the existing 
                transportation system;
            ``(2) for each of the purposes referred to in 
        paragraph (1), list the primary proposed research and 
        development activities that the Department of 
        Transportation intends to pursue to accomplish that 
        purpose, which may include--
                    ``(A) fundamental research pertaining to 
                the applied physical and natural sciences;
                    ``(B) applied science and research;
                    ``(C) technology development research; and
                    ``(D) social science research; and
            ``(3) for each research and development activity--
                    ``(A) identify the anticipated annual 
                funding levels for the period covered by the 
                strategic plan; and
                    ``(B) describe the research findings the 
                Department expects to discover at the end of 
                the period covered by the strategic plan.
    ``(d) Considerations.--The Secretary shall ensure that the 
strategic plan developed under this section--
            ``(1) reflects input from a wide range of external 
        stakeholders;
            ``(2) includes and integrates the research and 
        development programs of all of the modal 
        administrations of the Department of Transportation, 
        including aviation, transit, rail, and maritime and 
        joint programs;
            ``(3) takes into account research and development 
        by other Federal, State, local, private sector, and 
        nonprofit institutions;
            ``(4) not later than December 31, 2016, is 
        published on a public website; and
            ``(5) takes into account how research and 
        development by other Federal, State, private sector, 
        and nonprofit institutions--
                    ``(A) contributes to the achievement of the 
                purposes identified under subsection (c)(1); 
                and
                    ``(B) avoids unnecessary duplication of 
                those efforts.
    ``(e) Interim Report.--Not later than 2 \1/2\ years after 
the date of enactment of this chapter, the Secretary may 
publish on a public website an interim report that--
            ``(1) provides an assessment of the 5-year research 
        and development strategic plan of the Department of 
        Transportation described in this section; and
            ``(2) includes a description of the extent to which 
        the research and development is or is not successfully 
        meeting the purposes described under subsection 
        (c)(1).''.
    (c) Technical and Conforming Amendment.--The table of 
chapters for subtitle III of title 49, United States Code, is 
amended by adding at the end the following:

``63. Bureau of Transportation Statistics......................... 6301 
``65. Research planning..........................................6501''.
    (d) Technical and Conforming Amendments.--
            (1) Chapter 5 of title 23.--Chapter 5 of title 23, 
        United States Code, is amended--
                    (A) by striking section 508;
                    (B) in the table of contents, by striking 
                the item relating to section 508;
                    (C) in section 502--
                            (i) in subsection (a)(9), by 
                        striking ``transportation research and 
                        technology development strategic plan 
                        developed under section 508'' and 
                        inserting ``transportation research and 
                        development strategic plan under 
                        section 6503 of title 49''; and
                            (ii) in subsection (b)(4), by 
                        striking ``transportation research and 
                        development strategic plan of the 
                        Secretary developed under section 508'' 
                        and inserting ``transportation research 
                        and development strategic plan under 
                        section 6503 of title 49''; and
                    (D) in section 512(b), by striking ``as 
                part of the transportation research and 
                development strategic plan developed under 
                section 508''.
            (2) Intelligent transportation systems.--The 
        Intelligent Transportation Systems Act of 1998 (23 
        U.S.C. 502 note; Public Law 105-178) is amended--
                    (A) in section 5205(b), by striking ``as 
                part of the Surface Transportation Research and 
                Development Strategic Plan developed under 
                section 508 of title 23'' and inserting ``as 
                part of the transportation research and 
                development strategic plan under section 6503 
                of title 49''; and
                    (B) in section 5206(e)(2)(A), by striking 
                ``or the Surface Transportation Research and 
                Development Strategic Plan developed under 
                section 508 of title 23'' and inserting ``or 
                the transportation research and development 
                strategic plan under section 6503 of title 
                49''.
            (3) Intelligent transportation system research.--
        Section 5305(h)(3)(A) of SAFETEA-LU (23 U.S.C. 512 
        note; Public Law 109-59) is amended by striking ``the 
        strategic plan under section 508 of title 23, United 
        States Code'' and inserting ``the 5-year strategic plan 
        under 6503 of title 49, United States Code''.

SEC. 6020. SURFACE TRANSPORTATION SYSTEM FUNDING ALTERNATIVES.

    (a) In General.--The Secretary shall establish a program to 
provide grants to States to demonstrate user-based alternative 
revenue mechanisms that utilize a user fee structure to 
maintain the long-term solvency of the Highway Trust Fund.
    (b) Application.--To be eligible for a grant under this 
section, a State or group of States shall submit to the 
Secretary an application in such form and containing such 
information as the Secretary may require.
    (c) Objectives.--The Secretary shall ensure that the 
activities carried out using funds provided under this section 
meet the following objectives:
            (1) To test the design, acceptance, and 
        implementation of 2 or more future user-based 
        alternative revenue mechanisms.
            (2) To improve the functionality of such user-based 
        alternative revenue mechanisms.
            (3) To conduct outreach to increase public 
        awareness regarding the need for alternative funding 
        sources for surface transportation programs and to 
        provide information on possible approaches.
            (4) To provide recommendations regarding adoption 
        and implementation of user-based alternative revenue 
        mechanisms.
            (5) To minimize the administrative cost of any 
        potential user-based alternative revenue mechanisms.
    (d) Use of Funds.--A State or group of States receiving 
funds under this section to test the design, acceptance, and 
implementation of a user-based alternative revenue mechanism--
            (1) shall address--
                    (A) the implementation, interoperability, 
                public acceptance, and other potential hurdles 
                to the adoption of the user-based alternative 
                revenue mechanism;
                    (B) the protection of personal privacy;
                    (C) the use of independent and private 
                third-party vendors to collect fees and operate 
                the user-based alternative revenue mechanism;
                    (D) market-based congestion mitigation, if 
                appropriate;
                    (E) equity concerns, including the impacts 
                of the user-based alternative revenue mechanism 
                on differing income groups, various geographic 
                areas, and the relative burdens on rural and 
                urban drivers;
                    (F) ease of compliance for different users 
                of the transportation system; and
                    (G) the reliability and security of 
                technology used to implement the user-based 
                alternative revenue mechanism; and
            (2) may address--
                    (A) the flexibility and choices of user-
                based alternative revenue mechanisms, including 
                the ability of users to select from various 
                technology and payment options;
                    (B) the cost of administering the user-
                based alternative revenue mechanism; and
                    (C) the ability of the administering entity 
                to audit and enforce user compliance.
    (e) Consideration.--The Secretary shall consider geographic 
diversity in awarding grants under this section.
    (f) Limitations on Revenue Collected.--Any revenue 
collected through a user-based alternative revenue mechanism 
established using funds provided under this section shall not 
be considered a toll under section 301 of title 23, United 
States Code.
    (g) Federal Share.--The Federal share of the cost of an 
activity carried out under this section may not exceed 50 
percent of the total cost of the activity.
    (h) Report to Secretary.--Not later than 1 year after the 
date on which the first eligible entity receives a grant under 
this section, and each year thereafter, each recipient of a 
grant under this section shall submit to the Secretary a report 
that describes--
            (1) how the demonstration activities carried out 
        with grant funds meet the objectives described in 
        subsection (c); and
            (2) lessons learned for future deployment of 
        alternative revenue mechanisms that utilize a user fee 
        structure.
    (i) Biennial Reports.--Not later than 2 years after the 
date of enactment of this Act, and every 2 years thereafter 
until the completion of the demonstration activities under this 
section, the Secretary shall make available to the public on an 
Internet website a report describing the progress of the 
demonstration activities.
    (j) Funding.--Of the funds authorized to carry out section 
503(b) of title 23, United States Code--
            (1) $15,000,000 shall be used to carry out this 
        section for fiscal year 2016; and
            (2) $20,000,000 shall be used to carry out this 
        section for each of fiscal years 2017 through 2020.
    (k) Grant Flexibility.--If, by August 1 of each fiscal 
year, the Secretary determines that there are not enough grant 
applications that meet the requirements of this section for a 
fiscal year, Secretary shall transfer to the program under 
section 503(b) of title 23, United States Code--
            (1) any of the funds reserved for the fiscal year 
        under subsection (j) that the Secretary has not yet 
        awarded under this section; and
            (2) an amount of obligation limitation equal to the 
        amount of funds that the Secretary transfers under 
        paragraph (1).

SEC. 6021. FUTURE INTERSTATE STUDY.

    (a) Future Interstate System Study.--Not later than 180 
days after the date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary 
shall enter into an agreement with the Transportation Research 
Board of the National Academies to conduct a study on the 
actions needed to upgrade and restore the Dwight D. Eisenhower 
National System of Interstate and Defense Highways to its role 
as a premier system that meets the growing and shifting demands 
of the 21st century.
    (b) Methodologies.--In conducting the study, the 
Transportation Research Board shall build on the methodologies 
examined and recommended in the report prepared for the 
American Association of State Highway and Transportation 
Officials titled ``National Cooperative Highway Research 
Program Project 20-24(79): Specifications for a National Study 
of the Future 3R, 4R, and Capacity Needs of the Interstate 
System'', dated December 2013.
    (c) Contents of Study.--The study--
            (1) shall include specific recommendations 
        regarding the features, standards, capacity needs, 
        application of technologies, and intergovernmental 
        roles to upgrade the Interstate System, including any 
        revisions to law (including regulations) that the 
        Transportation Research Board determines appropriate; 
        and
            (2) is encouraged to build on the institutional 
        knowledge in the highway industry in applying the 
        techniques involved in implementing the study.
    (d) Considerations.--In carrying out the study, the 
Transportation Research Board shall determine the need for 
reconstruction and improvement of the Interstate System by 
considering--
            (1) future demands on transportation infrastructure 
        determined for national planning purposes, including 
        commercial and private traffic flows to serve future 
        economic activity and growth;
            (2) the expected condition of the current 
        Interstate System over the period of 50 years beginning 
        on the date of enactment of this Act, including long-
        term deterioration and reconstruction needs;
            (3) features that would take advantage of 
        technological capabilities to address modern standards 
        of construction, maintenance, and operations, for 
        purposes of safety, and system management, taking into 
        further consideration system performance and cost;
            (4) those National Highway System routes that 
        should be added to the existing Interstate System to 
        more efficiently serve national traffic flows; and
            (5) the resources necessary to maintain and improve 
        the Interstate System, including the resources required 
        to upgrade the National Highway System routes 
        identified in paragraph (4) to Interstate standards.
    (e) Consultation.--In carrying out the study, the 
Transportation Research Board--
            (1) shall convene and consult with a panel of 
        national experts, including operators and users of the 
        Interstate System and private sector stakeholders; and
            (2) is encouraged to consult with--
                    (A) the Federal Highway Administration;
                    (B) States;
                    (C) planning agencies at the metropolitan, 
                State, and regional levels;
                    (D) the motor carrier industry;
                    (E) freight shippers;
                    (F) highway safety groups; and
                    (G) other appropriate entities.
    (f) Report.--Not later than 3 years after the date of 
enactment of this Act, the Transportation Research Board shall 
submit to the Secretary, the Committee on Environment and 
Public Works of the Senate, and the Committee on Transportation 
and Infrastructure of the House of Representatives a report on 
the results of the study conducted under this section.
    (g) Funding.--From amounts authorized to carry out the 
Highway Research and Development Program, the Secretary shall 
use to carry out this section not more than $5,000,000 for 
fiscal year 2016.

SEC. 6022. HIGHWAY EFFICIENCY.

    (a) Study.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary may examine the 
        impact of pavement durability and sustainability on 
        vehicle fuel consumption, vehicle wear and tear, road 
        conditions, and road repairs.
            (2) Methodology.--In carrying out the study, the 
        Secretary shall--
                    (A) conduct a thorough review of relevant 
                peer-reviewed research published during at 
                least the past 5 years;
                    (B) analyze impacts of different types of 
                pavement on all motor vehicle types, including 
                commercial vehicles;
                    (C) specifically examine the impact of 
                pavement deformation and deflection; and
                    (D) analyze impacts of different types of 
                pavement on road conditions and road repairs.
            (3) Consultation.--In carrying out the study, the 
        Secretary shall consult with--
                    (A) modal administrations of the Department 
                and other Federal agencies, including the 
                National Institute of Standards and Technology;
                    (B) State departments of transportation;
                    (C) industry stakeholders; and
                    (D) appropriate academic experts.
    (b) Report.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than 1 year after the 
        date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall 
        publish on a public website a report describing the 
        results of the study.
            (2) Contents.--The report shall include--
                    (A) a summary of the different types of 
                pavements analyzed in the study and the impacts 
                of pavement durability and sustainability on 
                safety, vehicle fuel consumption, vehicle wear 
                and tear, road conditions, and road repairs; 
                and
                    (B) recommendations for State and local 
                governments on best practice methods for 
                improving pavement durability and 
                sustainability to maximize vehicle fuel 
                economy, improve safety, ride quality, and road 
                conditions, and to minimize the need for road 
                and vehicle repairs.

SEC. 6023. TRANSPORTATION TECHNOLOGY POLICY WORKING GROUP.

    To improve the scientific pursuit and research procedures 
concerning transportation, the Secretary may convene an 
interagency working group--
            (1) to identify opportunities for coordination 
        between the Department and universities and the private 
        sector; and
            (2) to identify and develop a plan to address 
        related workforce development needs.

SEC. 6024. COLLABORATION AND SUPPORT.

    The Secretary may solicit the support of, and identify 
opportunities to collaborate with, other Federal research 
agencies and national laboratories to assist in the effective 
and efficient pursuit and resolution of research challenges 
identified by the Secretary.

SEC. 6025. GAO REPORT.

    Not later than 2 years after the date of enactment of this 
Act, the Comptroller General of the United States shall submit 
to Congress a report that--
            (1) assesses the status of autonomous 
        transportation technology policy developed by public 
        entities in the United States;
            (2) assesses the organizational readiness of the 
        Department to address autonomous vehicle technology 
        challenges, including consumer privacy protections; and
            (3) recommends implementation paths for autonomous 
        transportation technology, applications, and policies 
        that are based on the assessment described in paragraph 
        (2).

SEC. 6026. TRAFFIC CONGESTION.

    (a) Congestion Research.--The Secretary may conduct 
research on the reduction of traffic congestion.
    (b) Consideration.--The Secretary may--
            (1) recommend research to accelerate the adoption 
        of transportation management systems that allow traffic 
        to flow in the safest and most efficient manner 
        possible while alleviating current and future traffic 
        congestion challenges;
            (2) assess and analyze traffic, transit, and 
        freight data from various sources relevant to efforts 
        to reduce traffic congestion so as to maximize 
        mobility, efficiency, and capacity while decreasing 
        congestion and travel times;
            (3) examine the use and integration of multiple 
        data types from multiple sources and technologies, 
        including road weather data, arterial and highway 
        traffic conditions, transit vehicle arrival and 
        departure times, real time navigation routing, 
        construction zone information, and reports of 
        incidents, to suggest improvements in effective 
        communication of such data and information in real 
        time;
            (4) develop and disseminate suggested strategies 
        and solutions to reduce congestion for high-density 
        traffic regions and to provide mobility in the event of 
        an emergency or natural disaster; and
            (5) collaborate with other relevant Federal 
        agencies, State and local agencies, industry and 
        industry associations, and university research centers 
        to fulfill goals and objectives under this section.
    (c) Identifying Information.--The Secretary shall ensure 
that information used pursuant to this section does not contain 
identifying information of any individual.
    (d) Report.--Not later than 1 year after the completion of 
research under this section, the Secretary may make available 
on a public website a report on any activities under this 
section.

SEC. 6027. SMART CITIES TRANSPORTATION PLANNING STUDY.

    (a) In General.--The Secretary may conduct a study of 
digital technologies and information technologies, including 
shared mobility, data, transportation network companies, and 
on-demand transportation services--
            (1) to understand the degree to which cities are 
        adopting those technologies;
            (2) to assess future planning, infrastructure, and 
        investment needs; and
            (3) to provide best practices to plan for smart 
        cities in which information and technology are used--
                    (A) to improve city operations;
                    (B) to grow the local economy;
                    (C) to improve response in times of 
                emergencies and natural disasters; and
                    (D) to improve the lives of city residents.
    (b) Components.--The study conducted under subsection (a) 
shall--
            (1) identify broad issues that influence the 
        ability of the United States to plan for and invest in 
        smart cities, including barriers to collaboration and 
        access to scientific information; and
            (2) review how the expanded use of digital 
        technologies, mobile devices, and information may--
                    (A) enhance the efficiency and 
                effectiveness of existing transportation 
                networks;
                    (B) optimize demand management services;
                    (C) impact low-income and other 
                disadvantaged communities;
                    (D) assess opportunities to share, collect, 
                and use data;
                    (E) change current planning and investment 
                strategies; and
                    (F) provide opportunities for enhanced 
                coordination and planning.
    (c) Reporting.--Not later than 18 months after the date of 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary may publish the report 
containing the results of the study conducted under subsection 
(a) to a public website.

SEC. 6028. PERFORMANCE MANAGEMENT DATA SUPPORT PROGRAM.

    (a) Performance Management Data Support.--The Administrator 
of the Federal Highway Administration shall develop, use, and 
maintain data sets and data analysis tools to assist 
metropolitan planning organizations, States, and the Federal 
Highway Administration in carrying out performance management 
analyses (including the performance management requirements 
under section 150 of title 23, United States Code).
    (b) Inclusions.--The data analysis activities authorized 
under subsection (a) may include--
            (1) collecting and distributing vehicle probe data 
        describing traffic on Federal-aid highways;
            (2) collecting household travel behavior data to 
        assess local and cross-jurisdictional travel, including 
        to accommodate external and through travel;
            (3) enhancing existing data collection and analysis 
        tools to accommodate performance measures, targets, and 
        related data, so as to better understand trip origin 
        and destination, trip time, and mode;
            (4) enhancing existing data analysis tools to 
        improve performance predictions and travel models in 
        reports described in section 150(e) of title 23, United 
        States Code; and
            (5) developing tools--
                    (A) to improve performance analysis; and
                    (B) to evaluate the effects of project 
                investments on performance.
    (c) Funding.--From amounts authorized to carry out the 
Highway Research and Development Program, the Administrator of 
the Federal Highway Administration may use up to $10,000,000 
for each of fiscal years 2016 through 2020 to carry out this 
section.

             TITLE VII--HAZARDOUS MATERIALS TRANSPORTATION

SEC. 7001. SHORT TITLE.

    This title may be cited as the ``Hazardous Materials 
Transportation Safety Improvement Act of 2015''.

                       Subtitle A--Authorizations

SEC. 7101. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

    Section 5128 of title 49, United States Code, is amended to 
read as follows:

``Sec. 5128. Authorization of appropriations

    ``(a) In General.--There are authorized to be appropriated 
to the Secretary to carry out this chapter (except sections 
5107(e), 5108(g)(2), 5113, 5115, 5116, and 5119)--
            ``(1) $53,000,000 for fiscal year 2016;
            ``(2) $55,000,000 for fiscal year 2017;
            ``(3) $57,000,000 for fiscal year 2018;
            ``(4) $58,000,000 for fiscal year 2019; and
            ``(5) $60,000,000 for fiscal year 2020.
    ``(b) Hazardous Materials Emergency Preparedness Fund.--
From the Hazardous Materials Emergency Preparedness Fund 
established under section 5116(h), the Secretary may expend, 
for each of fiscal years 2016 through 2020--
            ``(1) $21,988,000 to carry out section 5116(a);
            ``(2) $150,000 to carry out section 5116(e);
            ``(3) $625,000 to publish and distribute the 
        Emergency Response Guidebook under section 5116(h)(3); 
        and
            ``(4) $1,000,000 to carry out section 5116(i).
    ``(c) Hazardous Materials Training Grants.--From the 
Hazardous Materials Emergency Preparedness Fund established 
pursuant to section 5116(h), the Secretary may expend 
$4,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2016 through 2020 to carry 
out section 5107(e).
    ``(d) Community Safety Grants.--Of the amounts made 
available under subsection (a) to carry out this chapter, the 
Secretary shall withhold $1,000,000 for each of fiscal years 
2016 through 2020 to carry out section 5107(i).
    ``(e) Credits to Appropriations.--
            ``(1) Expenses.--In addition to amounts otherwise 
        made available to carry out this chapter, the Secretary 
        may credit amounts received from a State, Indian tribe, 
        or other public authority or private entity for 
        expenses the Secretary incurs in providing training to 
        the State, Indian tribe, authority, or entity.
            ``(2) Availability of amounts.--Amounts made 
        available under this section shall remain available 
        until expended.''.

         Subtitle B--Hazardous Material Safety and Improvement

SEC. 7201. NATIONAL EMERGENCY AND DISASTER RESPONSE.

    Section 5103 of title 49, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) by redesignating subsections (c) and (d) as 
        subsections (d) and (e), respectively; and
            (2) by inserting after subsection (b) the 
        following:
    ``(c) Federally Declared Disasters and Emergencies.--
            ``(1) In general.--The Secretary may by order waive 
        compliance with any part of an applicable standard 
        prescribed under this chapter without prior notice and 
        comment and on terms the Secretary considers 
        appropriate if the Secretary determines that--
                    ``(A) it is in the public interest to grant 
                the waiver;
                    ``(B) the waiver is not inconsistent with 
                the safety of transporting hazardous materials; 
                and
                    ``(C) the waiver is necessary to facilitate 
                the safe movement of hazardous materials into, 
                from, and within an area of a major disaster or 
                emergency that has been declared under the 
                Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief and 
                Emergency Assistance Act (42 U.S.C. 5121 et 
                seq.).
            ``(2) Period of waiver.--A waiver under this 
        subsection may be issued for a period of not more than 
        60 days and may be renewed upon application to the 
        Secretary only after notice and an opportunity for a 
        hearing on the waiver. The Secretary shall immediately 
        revoke the waiver if continuation of the waiver would 
        not be consistent with the goals and objectives of this 
        chapter.
            ``(3) Statement of reasons.--The Secretary shall 
        include in any order issued under this section the 
        reasons for granting the waiver.''.

SEC. 7202. MOTOR CARRIER SAFETY PERMITS.

    Section 5109(h) of title 49, United States Code, is amended 
to read as follows:
    ``(h) Limitation on Denial.--The Secretary may not deny a 
non-temporary permit held by a motor carrier pursuant to this 
section based on a comprehensive review of that carrier 
triggered by safety management system scores or out-of-service 
disqualification standards, unless--
            ``(1) the carrier has the opportunity, prior to the 
        denial of such permit, to submit a written description 
        of corrective actions taken and other documentation the 
        carrier wishes the Secretary to consider, including a 
        corrective action plan; and
            ``(2) the Secretary determines the actions or plan 
        is insufficient to address the safety concerns 
        identified during the course of the comprehensive 
        review.''.

SEC. 7203. IMPROVING THE EFFECTIVENESS OF PLANNING AND TRAINING GRANTS.

    (a) Planning and Training Grants.--Section 5116 of title 
49, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) by redesignating subsections (c) through (k) as 
        subsections (b) through (j), respectively,
            (2) by striking subsection (b); and
            (3) by striking subsection (a) and inserting the 
        following:
    ``(a) Planning and Training Grants.--(1) The Secretary 
shall make grants to States and Indian tribes--
            ``(A) to develop, improve, and carry out emergency 
        plans under the Emergency Planning and Community Right-
        To-Know Act of 1986 (42 U.S.C. 11001 et seq.), 
        including ascertaining flow patterns of hazardous 
        material on lands under the jurisdiction of a State or 
        Indian tribe, and between lands under the jurisdiction 
        of a State or Indian tribe and lands of another State 
        or Indian tribe;
            ``(B) to decide on the need for regional hazardous 
        material emergency response teams; and
            ``(C) to train public sector employees to respond 
        to accidents and incidents involving hazardous 
        material.
    ``(2) To the extent that a grant is used to train emergency 
responders under paragraph (1)(C), the State or Indian tribe 
shall provide written certification to the Secretary that the 
emergency responders who receive training under the grant will 
have the ability to protect nearby persons, property, and the 
environment from the effects of accidents or incidents 
involving the transportation of hazardous material in 
accordance with existing regulations or National Fire 
Protection Association standards for competence of responders 
to accidents and incidents involving hazardous materials.
    ``(3) The Secretary may make a grant to a State or Indian 
tribe under paragraph (1) of this subsection only if--
            ``(A) the State or Indian tribe certifies that the 
        total amount the State or Indian tribe expends (except 
        amounts of the Federal Government) for the purpose of 
        the grant will at least equal the average level of 
        expenditure for the last 5 years; and
            ``(B) any emergency response training provided 
        under the grant shall consist of--
                    ``(i) a course developed or identified 
                under section 5115 of this title; or
                    ``(ii) any other course the Secretary 
                determines is consistent with the objectives of 
                this section.
    ``(4) A State or Indian tribe receiving a grant under this 
subsection shall ensure that planning and emergency response 
training under the grant is coordinated with adjacent States 
and Indian tribes.
    ``(5) A training grant under paragraph (1)(C) may be used--
            ``(A) to pay--
                    ``(i) the tuition costs of public sector 
                employees being trained;
                    ``(ii) travel expenses of those employees 
                to and from the training facility;
                    ``(iii) room and board of those employees 
                when at the training facility; and
                    ``(iv) travel expenses of individuals 
                providing the training;
            ``(B) by the State, political subdivision, or 
        Indian tribe to provide the training; and
            ``(C) to make an agreement with a person (including 
        an authority of a State, a political subdivision of a 
        State or Indian tribe, or a local jurisdiction), 
        subject to approval by the Secretary, to provide the 
        training if--
                    ``(i) the agreement allows the Secretary 
                and the State or Indian tribe to conduct random 
                examinations, inspections, and audits of the 
                training without prior notice;
                    ``(ii) the person agrees to have an 
                auditable accounting system; and
                    ``(iii) the State o