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114th Congress    }                                 {    Rept. 114-377
                        HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
 1st Session      }                                 {           Part 1

======================================================================



 
     SPORTSMEN'S HERITAGE AND RECREATIONAL ENHANCEMENT ACT OF 2015

                                _______
                                

 December 10, 2015.--Committed to the Committee of the Whole House on 
            the State of the Union and ordered to be printed

                                _______
                                

Mr. Bishop of Utah, from the Committee on Natural Resources, submitted 
                             the following

                              R E P O R T

                             together with

                            DISSENTING VIEWS

                        [To accompany H.R. 2406]

      [Including cost estimate of the Congressional Budget Office]

    The Committee on Natural Resources, to whom was referred 
the bill (H.R. 2406) to protect and enhance opportunities for 
recreational hunting, fishing, and shooting, and for other 
purposes, having considered the same, report favorably thereon 
with an amendment and recommend that the bill as amended do 
pass.
    The amendment is as follows:
  Strike all after the enacting clause and insert the 
following:

SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.

  This Act may be cited as the ``Sportsmen's Heritage and Recreational 
Enhancement Act of 2015'' or the ``SHARE Act''.

SEC. 2. TABLE OF CONTENTS.

  The table of contents for this Act is as follows:

Sec. 1. Short title.
Sec. 2. Table of contents.
Sec. 3. Report on economic impact.

   TITLE I--HUNTING, FISHING AND RECREATIONAL SHOOTING PROTECTION ACT

Sec. 101. Short title.
Sec. 102. Modification of definition.
Sec. 103. Limitation on authority to regulate ammunition and fishing 
tackle.

    TITLE II--TARGET PRACTICE AND MARKSMANSHIP TRAINING SUPPORT ACT

Sec. 201. Short title.
Sec. 202. Findings; purpose.
Sec. 203. Definition of public target range.
Sec. 204. Amendments to Pittman-Robertson Wildlife Restoration Act.
Sec. 205. Limits on liability.
Sec. 206. Sense of Congress regarding cooperation.

          TITLE III--POLAR BEAR CONSERVATION AND FAIRNESS ACT

Sec. 301. Short title.
Sec. 302. Permits for importation of polar bear trophies taken in sport 
hunts in Canada.

             TITLE IV--RECREATIONAL LANDS SELF-DEFENSE ACT

Sec. 401. Short title.
Sec. 402. Protecting Americans from violent crime.

 TITLE V--WILDLIFE AND HUNTING HERITAGE CONSERVATION COUNCIL ADVISORY 
                               COMMITTEE

Sec. 501. Wildlife and Hunting Heritage Conservation Council Advisory 
Committee.

 TITLE VI--RECREATIONAL FISHING AND HUNTING HERITAGE OPPORTUNITIES ACT

Sec. 601. Short title.
Sec. 602. Findings.
Sec. 603. Fishing, hunting, and recreational shooting.
Sec. 604. Volunteer Hunters; Reports; Closures and Restrictions.

              TITLE VII--FARMER AND HUNTER PROTECTION ACT

Sec. 701. Short title.
Sec. 702. Baiting of migratory game birds.

    TITLE VIII--TRANSPORTING BOWS ACROSS NATIONAL PARK SERVICE LANDS

Sec. 801. Short title.
Sec. 802. Bowhunting opportunity and wildlife stewardship.

  TITLE IX--FEDERAL LAND TRANSACTION FACILITATION ACT REAUTHORIZATION 
                                (FLTFA)

Sec. 901. Short title.
Sec. 902. Federal Land Transaction Facilitation Act.

 TITLE X--AFRICAN ELEPHANT CONSERVATION AND LEGAL IVORY POSSESSION ACT

Sec. 1001. Short title.
Sec. 1002. References.
Sec. 1003. Limited exemption for certain African elephant ivory.
Sec. 1004. Placement of United States Fish and Wildlife Service law 
enforcement officer in each African elephant range country.
Sec. 1005. Certification for the purposes of the Fishermen's Protective 
Act of 1967.
Sec. 1006. Treatment of elephant ivory.
Sec. 1007. Sport-hunted elephant trophies.
Sec. 1008. African Elephant Conservation Act financial assistance 
priority and reauthorization.

               TITLE XI--RESPECT FOR TREATIES AND RIGHTS

Sec. 1101. Respect for Treaties and Rights.

  TITLE XII--INTEREST ON OBLIGATIONS HELD IN THE WILDLIFE RESTORATION 
                                  FUND

Sec. 1201. Interest on obligations held in the wildlife restoration 
fund.

       TITLE XIII--PERMITS FOR FILM CREWS OF FIVE PEOPLE OR LESS

Sec. 1301. Annual permit and fee for film crews of 5 persons or fewer.

            TITLE XIV--STATE APPROVAL OF FISHING RESTRICTION

Sec. 1401. State or Territorial Approval of Restriction of Recreational 
or Commercial Fishing Access to Certain State or Territorial Waters.

  TITLE XV--HUNTING AND RECREATIONAL FISHING WITHIN CERTAIN NATIONAL 
                                FORESTS

Sec. 1501. Definitions.
Sec. 1502. Hunting and recreational fishing within the national forest 
system.

              TITLE XVI--GRAND CANYON BISON MANAGEMENT ACT

Sec. 1601. Short title.
Sec. 1602. Definitions.
Sec. 1603. Bison management plan for Grand Canyon National Park.

SEC. 3. REPORT ON ECONOMIC IMPACT.

  Not later than 12 months after the date of the enactment of this Act, 
the Secretary of Interior shall submit a report to Congress that 
assesses expected economic impacts of the Act. Such report shall 
include--
          (1) a review of any expected increases in recreational 
        hunting, fishing, shooting, and conservation activities;
          (2) an estimate of any jobs created in each industry expected 
        to support such activities described in paragraph (1), 
        including in the supply, manufacturing, distribution, and 
        retail sectors;
          (3) an estimate of wages related to jobs described in 
        paragraph (2); and
          (4) an estimate of anticipated new local, State, and Federal 
        revenue related to jobs described in paragraph (2).

   TITLE I--HUNTING, FISHING AND RECREATIONAL SHOOTING PROTECTION ACT

SEC. 101. SHORT TITLE.

  This title may be cited as the ``Hunting, Fishing, and Recreational 
Shooting Protection Act''.

SEC. 102. MODIFICATION OF DEFINITION.

  Section 3(2)(B) of the Toxic Substances Control Act (15 U.S.C. 
2602(2)(B)) is amended--
          (1) in clause (v), by striking ``, and'' and inserting ``, or 
        any component of any such article including, without 
        limitation, shot, bullets and other projectiles, propellants, 
        and primers,'';
          (2) in clause (vi) by striking the period at the end and 
        inserting ``, and''; and
          (3) by inserting after clause (vi) the following:
          ``(vii) any sport fishing equipment (as such term is defined 
        in subsection (a) of section 4162 of the Internal Revenue Code 
        of 1986) the sale of which is subject to the tax imposed by 
        section 4161(a) of such Code (determined without regard to any 
        exemptions from such tax as provided by section 4162 or 4221 or 
        any other provision of such Code), and sport fishing equipment 
        components.''.

SEC. 103. LIMITATION ON AUTHORITY TO REGULATE AMMUNITION AND FISHING 
                    TACKLE.

  (a) Limitation.--Except as provided in section 20.21 of title 50, 
Code of Federal Regulations, as in effect on the date of the enactment 
of this Act, or any substantially similar successor regulation thereto, 
the Secretary of the Interior, the Secretary of Agriculture, and, 
except as provided by subsection (b), any bureau, service, or office of 
the Department of the Interior or the Department of Agriculture, may 
not regulate the use of ammunition cartridges, ammunition components, 
or fishing tackle based on the lead content thereof if such use is in 
compliance with the law of the State in which the use occurs.
  (b) Exception.--The limitation in subsection (a) shall not apply to 
the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service or the National Park Service.

    TITLE II--TARGET PRACTICE AND MARKSMANSHIP TRAINING SUPPORT ACT

SEC. 201. SHORT TITLE.

  This title may be cited as the ``Target Practice and Marksmanship 
Training Support Act''.

SEC. 202. FINDINGS; PURPOSE.

  (a) Findings.--Congress finds that--
          (1) the use of firearms and archery equipment for target 
        practice and marksmanship training activities on Federal land 
        is allowed, except to the extent specific portions of that land 
        have been closed to those activities;
          (2) in recent years preceding the date of enactment of this 
        Act, portions of Federal land have been closed to target 
        practice and marksmanship training for many reasons;
          (3) the availability of public target ranges on non-Federal 
        land has been declining for a variety of reasons, including 
        continued population growth and development near former ranges;
          (4) providing opportunities for target practice and 
        marksmanship training at public target ranges on Federal and 
        non-Federal land can help--
                  (A) to promote enjoyment of shooting, recreational, 
                and hunting activities; and
                  (B) to ensure safe and convenient locations for those 
                activities;
          (5) Federal law in effect on the date of enactment of this 
        Act, including the Pittman-Robertson Wildlife Restoration Act 
        (16 U.S.C. 669 et seq.), provides Federal support for 
        construction and expansion of public target ranges by making 
        available to States amounts that may be used for construction, 
        operation, and maintenance of public target ranges; and
          (6) it is in the public interest to provide increased Federal 
        support to facilitate the construction or expansion of public 
        target ranges.
  (b) Purpose.--The purpose of this title is to facilitate the 
construction and expansion of public target ranges, including ranges on 
Federal land managed by the Forest Service and the Bureau of Land 
Management.

SEC. 203. DEFINITION OF PUBLIC TARGET RANGE.

  In this title, the term ``public target range'' means a specific 
location that--
          (1) is identified by a governmental agency for recreational 
        shooting;
          (2) is open to the public;
          (3) may be supervised; and
          (4) may accommodate archery or rifle, pistol, or shotgun 
        shooting.

SEC. 204. AMENDMENTS TO PITTMAN-ROBERTSON WILDLIFE RESTORATION ACT.

  (a) Definitions.--Section 2 of the Pittman-Robertson Wildlife 
Restoration Act (16 U.S.C. 669a) is amended--
          (1) by redesignating paragraphs (2) through (8) as paragraphs 
        (3) through (9), respectively; and
          (2) by inserting after paragraph (1) the following:
          ``(2) the term `public target range' means a specific 
        location that--
                  ``(A) is identified by a governmental agency for 
                recreational shooting;
                  ``(B) is open to the public;
                  ``(C) may be supervised; and
                  ``(D) may accommodate archery or rifle, pistol, or 
                shotgun shooting;''.
  (b) Expenditures for Management of Wildlife Areas and Resources.--
Section 8(b) of the Pittman-Robertson Wildlife Restoration Act (16 
U.S.C. 669g(b)) is amended--
          (1) by striking ``(b) Each State'' and inserting the 
        following:
  ``(b) Expenditures for Management of Wildlife Areas and Resources.--
          ``(1) In general.--Except as provided in paragraph (2), each 
        State'';
          (2) in paragraph (1) (as so designated), by striking 
        ``construction, operation,'' and inserting ``operation'';
          (3) in the second sentence, by striking ``The non-Federal 
        share'' and inserting the following:
          ``(3) Non-federal share.--The non-Federal share'';
          (4) in the third sentence, by striking ``The Secretary'' and 
        inserting the following:
          ``(4) Regulations.--The Secretary''; and
          (5) by inserting after paragraph (1) (as designated by 
        paragraph (1) of this subsection) the following:
          ``(2) Exception.--Notwithstanding the limitation described in 
        paragraph (1), a State may pay up to 90 percent of the cost of 
        acquiring land for, expanding, or constructing a public target 
        range.''.
  (c) Firearm and Bow Hunter Education and Safety Program Grants.--
Section 10 of the Pittman-Robertson Wildlife Restoration Act (16 U.S.C. 
669h-1) is amended--
          (1) in subsection (a), by adding at the end the following:
          ``(3) Allocation of additional amounts.--Of the amount 
        apportioned to a State for any fiscal year under section 4(b), 
        the State may elect to allocate not more than 10 percent, to be 
        combined with the amount apportioned to the State under 
        paragraph (1) for that fiscal year, for acquiring land for, 
        expanding, or constructing a public target range.'';
          (2) by striking subsection (b) and inserting the following:
  ``(b) Cost Sharing.--
          ``(1) In general.--Except as provided in paragraph (2), the 
        Federal share of the cost of any activity carried out using a 
        grant under this section shall not exceed 75 percent of the 
        total cost of the activity.
          ``(2) Public target range construction or expansion.--The 
        Federal share of the cost of acquiring land for, expanding, or 
        constructing a public target range in a State on Federal or 
        non-Federal land pursuant to this section or section 8(b) shall 
        not exceed 90 percent of the cost of the activity.''; and
          (3) in subsection (c)(1)--
                  (A) by striking ``Amounts made'' and inserting the 
                following:
                  ``(A) In general.--Except as provided in subparagraph 
                (B), amounts made''; and
                  (B) by adding at the end the following:
                  ``(B) Exception.--Amounts provided for acquiring land 
                for, constructing, or expanding a public target range 
                shall remain available for expenditure and obligation 
                during the 5-fiscal-year period beginning on October 1 
                of the first fiscal year for which the amounts are made 
                available.''.

SEC. 205. LIMITS ON LIABILITY.

  (a) Discretionary Function.--For purposes of chapter 171 of title 28, 
United States Code (commonly referred to as the ``Federal Tort Claims 
Act''), any action by an agent or employee of the United States to 
manage or allow the use of Federal land for purposes of target practice 
or marksmanship training by a member of the public shall be considered 
to be the exercise or performance of a discretionary function.
  (b) Civil Action or Claims.--Except to the extent provided in chapter 
171 of title 28, United States Code, the United States shall not be 
subject to any civil action or claim for money damages for any injury 
to or loss of property, personal injury, or death caused by an activity 
occurring at a public target range that is--
          (1) funded in whole or in part by the Federal Government 
        pursuant to the Pittman-Robertson Wildlife Restoration Act (16 
        U.S.C. 669 et seq.); or
          (2) located on Federal land.

SEC. 206. SENSE OF CONGRESS REGARDING COOPERATION.

  It is the sense of Congress that, consistent with applicable laws and 
regulations, the Chief of the Forest Service and the Director of the 
Bureau of Land Management should cooperate with State and local 
authorities and other entities to carry out waste removal and other 
activities on any Federal land used as a public target range to 
encourage continued use of that land for target practice or 
marksmanship training.

          TITLE III--POLAR BEAR CONSERVATION AND FAIRNESS ACT

SEC. 301. SHORT TITLE.

  This title may be cited as the ``Polar Bear Conservation and Fairness 
Act of 2015''.

SEC. 302. PERMITS FOR IMPORTATION OF POLAR BEAR TROPHIES TAKEN IN SPORT 
                    HUNTS IN CANADA.

  Section 104(c)(5)(D) of the Marine Mammal Protection Act of 1972 (16 
U.S.C. 1374(c)(5)(D)) is amended to read as follows:
          ``(D)(i) The Secretary of the Interior shall, expeditiously 
        after the expiration of the applicable 30-day period under 
        subsection (d)(2), issue a permit for the importation of any 
        polar bear part (other than an internal organ) from a polar 
        bear taken in a sport hunt in Canada to any person--
                  ``(I) who submits, with the permit application, proof 
                that the polar bear was legally harvested by the person 
                before February 18, 1997; or
                  ``(II) who has submitted, in support of a permit 
                application submitted before May 15, 2008, proof that 
                the polar bear was legally harvested by the person 
                before May 15, 2008, from a polar bear population from 
                which a sport-hunted trophy could be imported before 
                that date in accordance with section 18.30(i) of title 
                50, Code of Federal Regulations.
          ``(ii) The Secretary shall issue permits under clause (i)(I) 
        without regard to subparagraphs (A) and (C)(ii) of this 
        paragraph, subsection (d)(3), and sections 101 and 102. 
        Sections 101(a)(3)(B) and 102(b)(3) shall not apply to the 
        importation of any polar bear part authorized by a permit 
        issued under clause (i)(I). This clause shall not apply to 
        polar bear parts that were imported before June 12, 1997.
          ``(iii) The Secretary shall issue permits under clause 
        (i)(II) without regard to subparagraph (C)(ii) of this 
        paragraph or subsection (d)(3). Sections 101(a)(3)(B) and 
        102(b)(3) shall not apply to the importation of any polar bear 
        part authorized by a permit issued under clause (i)(II). This 
        clause shall not apply to polar bear parts that were imported 
        before the date of enactment of the Polar Bear Conservation and 
        Fairness Act of 2015.''.

             TITLE IV--RECREATIONAL LANDS SELF-DEFENSE ACT

SEC. 401. SHORT TITLE.

  This title may be cited as the ``Recreational Lands Self-Defense Act 
of 2015''.

SEC. 402. PROTECTING AMERICANS FROM VIOLENT CRIME.

  (a) Findings.--Congress finds the following:
          (1) The Second Amendment to the Constitution provides that 
        ``the right of the people to keep and bear Arms, shall not be 
        infringed''.
          (2) Section 327.13 of title 36, Code of Federal Regulations, 
        provides that, except in special circumstances, ``possession of 
        loaded firearms, ammunition, loaded projectile firing devices, 
        bows and arrows, crossbows, or other weapons is prohibited'' at 
        water resources development projects administered by the 
        Secretary of the Army.
          (3) The regulations described in paragraph (2) prevent 
        individuals complying with Federal and State laws from 
        exercising the second amendment rights of the individuals while 
        at such water resources development projects.
          (4) The Federal laws should make it clear that the second 
        amendment rights of an individual at a water resources 
        development project should not be infringed.
  (b) Protecting the Right of Individuals To Bear Arms at Water 
Resources Development Projects.--The Secretary of the Army shall not 
promulgate or enforce any regulation that prohibits an individual from 
possessing a firearm, including an assembled or functional firearm, at 
a water resources development project covered under section 327.0 of 
title 36, Code of Federal Regulations (as in effect on the date of 
enactment of this Act), if--
          (1) the individual is not otherwise prohibited by law from 
        possessing the firearm; and
          (2) the possession of the firearm is in compliance with the 
        law of the State in which the water resources development 
        project is located.

 TITLE V--WILDLIFE AND HUNTING HERITAGE CONSERVATION COUNCIL ADVISORY 
                               COMMITTEE

SEC. 501. WILDLIFE AND HUNTING HERITAGE CONSERVATION COUNCIL ADVISORY 
                    COMMITTEE.

  The Fish and Wildlife Coordination Act (16 U.S.C. 661 et seq.) is 
amended by adding at the end the following:

``SEC. 10. WILDLIFE AND HUNTING HERITAGE CONSERVATION COUNCIL ADVISORY 
                    COMMITTEE.

  ``(a) Establishment.--There is hereby established the Wildlife and 
Hunting Heritage Conservation Council Advisory Committee (in this 
section referred to as the `Advisory Committee') to advise the 
Secretaries of the Interior and Agriculture on wildlife and habitat 
conservation, hunting, and recreational shooting.
  ``(b) Continuance and Abolishment of Existing Wildlife and Hunting 
Heritage Conservation Council.--The Wildlife and Hunting Heritage 
Conservation Council established pursuant to section 441 of the Revised 
Statutes (43 U.S.C. 1457), section 2 of the Fish and Wildlife Act of 
1956 (16 U.S.C. 742a), and other Acts applicable to specific bureaus of 
the Department of the Interior--
          ``(1) shall continue until the date of the first meeting of 
        the Wildlife and Hunting Heritage Conservation Council 
        established by the amendment made by subsection (a); and
          ``(2) is hereby abolished effective on that date.
  ``(c) Duties of the Advisory Committee.--The Advisory Committee shall 
advise the Secretaries with regard to--
          ``(1) implementation of Executive Order No. 13443: 
        Facilitation of Hunting Heritage and Wildlife Conservation, 
        which directs Federal agencies `to facilitate the expansion and 
        enhancement of hunting opportunities and the management of game 
        species and their habitat';
          ``(2) policies or programs to conserve and restore wetlands, 
        agricultural lands, grasslands, forest, and rangeland habitats;
          ``(3) policies or programs to promote opportunities and 
        access to hunting and shooting sports on Federal lands;
          ``(4) policies or programs to recruit and retain new hunters 
        and shooters;
          ``(5) policies or programs that increase public awareness of 
        the importance of wildlife conservation and the social and 
        economic benefits of recreational hunting and shooting; and
          ``(6) policies or programs that encourage coordination among 
        the public, the hunting and shooting sports community, wildlife 
        conservation groups, and States, tribes, and the Federal 
        Government.
  ``(d) Membership.--
          ``(1) Appointment.--
                  ``(A) In general.--The Advisory Committee shall 
                consist of no more than 16 discretionary members and 7 
                ex officio members.
                  ``(B) Ex officio members.--The ex officio members 
                are--
                          ``(i) the Director of the United States Fish 
                        and Wildlife Service or a designated 
                        representative of the Director;
                          ``(ii) the Director of the Bureau of Land 
                        Management or a designated representative of 
                        the Director;
                          ``(iii) the Director of the National Park 
                        Service or a designated representative of the 
                        Director;
                          ``(iv) the Chief of the Forest Service or a 
                        designated representative of the Chief;
                          ``(v) the Chief of the Natural Resources 
                        Conservation Service or a designated 
                        representative of the Chief;
                          ``(vi) the Administrator of the Farm Service 
                        Agency or a designated representative of the 
                        Administrator; and
                          ``(vii) the Executive Director of the 
                        Association of Fish and Wildlife Agencies.
                  ``(C) Discretionary members.--The discretionary 
                members shall be appointed jointly by the Secretaries 
                from at least one of each of the following:
                          ``(i) State fish and wildlife agencies.
                          ``(ii) Game bird hunting organizations.
                          ``(iii) Wildlife conservation organizations.
                          ``(iv) Big game hunting organizations.
                          ``(v) Waterfowl hunting organizations.
                          ``(vi) The tourism, outfitter, or guiding 
                        industry.
                          ``(vii) The firearms or ammunition 
                        manufacturing industry.
                          ``(viii) The hunting or shooting equipment 
                        retail industry.
                          ``(ix) Tribal resource management 
                        organizations.
                          ``(x) The agriculture industry.
                          ``(xi) The ranching industry.
                          ``(xii) Women's hunting and fishing advocacy, 
                        outreach, or education organization.
                          ``(xiii) Minority hunting and fishing 
                        advocacy, outreach, or education organization.
                          ``(xiv) Veterans service organization.
                  ``(D) Eligibility.--Prior to the appointment of the 
                discretionary members, the Secretaries shall determine 
                that all individuals nominated for appointment to the 
                Advisory Committee, and the organization each 
                individual represents, actively support and promote 
                sustainable-use hunting, wildlife conservation, and 
                recreational shooting.
          ``(2) Terms.--
                  ``(A) In general.--Except as provided in subparagraph 
                (B), members of the Advisory Committee shall be 
                appointed for a term of 4 years. Members shall not be 
                appointed for more than 3 consecutive or nonconsecutive 
                terms.
                  ``(B) Terms of initial appointees.--As designated by 
                the Secretary at the time of appointment, of the 
                members first appointed--
                          ``(i) 6 members shall be appointed for a term 
                        of 4 years;
                          ``(ii) 5 members shall be appointed for a 
                        term of 3 years; and
                          ``(iii) 5 members shall be appointed for a 
                        term of 2 years.
          ``(3) Preservation of public advisory status.--No individual 
        may be appointed as a discretionary member of the Advisory 
        Committee while serving as an officer or employee of the 
        Federal Government.
          ``(4) Vacancy and removal.--
                  ``(A) In general.--Any vacancy on the Advisory 
                Committee shall be filled in the manner in which the 
                original appointment was made.
                  ``(B) Removal.--Advisory Committee members shall 
                serve at the discretion of the Secretaries and may be 
                removed at any time for good cause.
          ``(5) Continuation of service.--Each appointed member may 
        continue to serve after the expiration of the term of office to 
        which such member was appointed until a successor has been 
        appointed.
          ``(6) Chairperson.--The Chairperson of the Advisory Committee 
        shall be appointed for a 3-year term by the Secretaries, 
        jointly, from among the members of the Advisory Committee. An 
        individual may not be appointed as Chairperson for more than 2 
        consecutive or nonconsecutive terms.
          ``(7) Pay and expenses.--Members of the Advisory Committee 
        shall serve without pay for such service, but each member of 
        the Advisory Committee may be reimbursed for travel and lodging 
        incurred through attending meetings of the Advisory Committee 
        approved subgroup meetings in the same amounts and under the 
        same conditions as Federal employees (in accordance with 
        section 5703 of title 5, United States Code).
          ``(8) Meetings.--
                  ``(A) In general.--The Advisory Committee shall meet 
                at the call of the Secretaries, the chairperson, or a 
                majority of the members, but not less frequently than 
                twice annually.
                  ``(B) Open meetings.--Each meeting of the Advisory 
                Committee shall be open to the public.
                  ``(C) Prior notice of meetings.--Timely notice of 
                each meeting of the Advisory Committee shall be 
                published in the Federal Register and be submitted to 
                trade publications and publications of general 
                circulation.
                  ``(D) Subgroups.--The Advisory Committee may 
                establish such workgroups or subgroups as it deems 
                necessary for the purpose of compiling information or 
                conducting research. However, such workgroups may not 
                conduct business without the direction of the Advisory 
                Committee and must report in full to the Advisory 
                Committee.
          ``(9) Quorum.--Nine members of the Advisory Committee shall 
        constitute a quorum.
  ``(e) Expenses.--The expenses of the Advisory Committee that the 
Secretaries determine to be reasonable and appropriate shall be paid by 
the Secretaries.
  ``(f) Administrative Support, Technical Services, and Advice.--A 
designated Federal Officer shall be jointly appointed by the 
Secretaries to provide to the Advisory Committee the administrative 
support, technical services, and advice that the Secretaries determine 
to be reasonable and appropriate.
  ``(g) Annual Report.--
          ``(1) Required.--Not later than September 30 of each year, 
        the Advisory Committee shall submit a report to the 
        Secretaries, the Committee on Natural Resources and the 
        Committee on Agriculture of the House of Representatives, and 
        the Committee on Energy and Natural Resources and the Committee 
        on Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry of the Senate. If 
        circumstances arise in which the Advisory Committee cannot meet 
        the September 30 deadline in any year, the Secretaries shall 
        advise the Chairpersons of each such Committee of the reasons 
        for such delay and the date on which the submission of the 
        report is anticipated.
          ``(2) Contents.--The report required by paragraph (1) shall 
        describe--
                  ``(A) the activities of the Advisory Committee during 
                the preceding year;
                  ``(B) the reports and recommendations made by the 
                Advisory Committee to the Secretaries during the 
                preceding year; and
                  ``(C) an accounting of actions taken by the 
                Secretaries as a result of the recommendations.
  ``(h) Federal Advisory Committee Act.--The Advisory Committee shall 
be exempt from the Federal Advisory Committee Act (5 U.S.C. App.).''.

 TITLE VI--RECREATIONAL FISHING AND HUNTING HERITAGE OPPORTUNITIES ACT

SEC. 601. SHORT TITLE.

  This title may be cited as the ``Recreational Fishing and Hunting 
Heritage and Opportunities Act''.

SEC. 602. FINDINGS.

  Congress finds that--
          (1) recreational fishing and hunting are important and 
        traditional activities in which millions of Americans 
        participate;
          (2) recreational anglers and hunters have been and continue 
        to be among the foremost supporters of sound fish and wildlife 
        management and conservation in the United States;
          (3) recreational fishing and hunting are environmentally 
        acceptable and beneficial activities that occur and can be 
        provided on Federal lands and waters without adverse effects on 
        other uses or users;
          (4) recreational anglers, hunters, and sporting organizations 
        provide direct assistance to fish and wildlife managers and 
        enforcement officers of the Federal Government as well as State 
        and local governments by investing volunteer time and effort to 
        fish and wildlife conservation;
          (5) recreational anglers, hunters, and the associated 
        industries have generated billions of dollars of critical 
        funding for fish and wildlife conservation, research, and 
        management by providing revenues from purchases of fishing and 
        hunting licenses, permits, and stamps, as well as excise taxes 
        on fishing, hunting, and recreational shooting equipment that 
        have generated billions of dollars of critical funding for fish 
        and wildlife conservation, research, and management;
          (6) recreational shooting is also an important and 
        traditional activity in which millions of Americans 
        participate;
          (7) safe recreational shooting is a valid use of Federal 
        lands, including the establishment of safe and convenient 
        recreational shooting ranges on such lands, and participation 
        in recreational shooting helps recruit and retain hunters and 
        contributes to wildlife conservation;
          (8) opportunities to recreationally fish, hunt, and shoot are 
        declining, which depresses participation in these traditional 
        activities, and depressed participation adversely impacts fish 
        and wildlife conservation and funding for important 
        conservation efforts; and
          (9) the public interest would be served, and our citizens' 
        fish and wildlife resources benefitted, by action to ensure 
        that opportunities are facilitated to engage in fishing and 
        hunting on Federal land as recognized by Executive Order No. 
        12962, relating to recreational fisheries, and Executive Order 
        No. 13443, relating to facilitation of hunting heritage and 
        wildlife conservation.

SEC. 603. FISHING, HUNTING, AND RECREATIONAL SHOOTING.

  (a) Definitions.--In this section:
          (1) Federal land.--The term ``Federal land'' means any land 
        or water that is owned by the United States and under the 
        administrative jurisdiction of the Bureau of Land Management or 
        the Forest Service.
          (2) Federal land management officials.--The term ``Federal 
        land management officials'' means--
                  (A) the Secretary of the Interior and Director of the 
                Bureau of Land Management regarding Bureau of Land 
                Management lands and interests in lands under the 
                administrative jurisdiction of the Bureau of Land 
                Management; and
                  (B) the Secretary of Agriculture and Chief of the 
                Forest Service regarding National Forest System lands.
          (3) Hunting.--
                  (A) In general.--Except as provided in subparagraph 
                (B), the term ``hunting'' means use of a firearm, bow, 
                or other authorized means in the lawful--
                          (i) pursuit, shooting, capture, collection, 
                        trapping, or killing of wildlife;
                          (ii) attempt to pursue, shoot, capture, 
                        collect, trap, or kill wildlife; or
                          (iii) the training of hunting dogs, including 
                        field trials.
                  (B) Exclusion.--The term ``hunting'' does not include 
                the use of skilled volunteers to cull excess animals 
                (as defined by other Federal law).
          (4) Recreational fishing.--The term ``recreational fishing'' 
        means the lawful--
                  (A) pursuit, capture, collection, or killing of fish; 
                or
                  (B) attempt to capture, collect, or kill fish.
          (5) Recreational shooting.--The term ``recreational 
        shooting'' means any form of sport, training, competition, or 
        pastime, whether formal or informal, that involves the 
        discharge of a rifle, handgun, or shotgun, or the use of a bow 
        and arrow.
  (b) In General.--Subject to valid existing rights and subsection (e), 
and cooperation with the respective State fish and wildlife agency, 
Federal land management officials shall exercise authority under 
existing law, including provisions regarding land use planning, to 
facilitate use of and access to Federal lands, including National 
Monuments, Wilderness Areas, Wilderness Study Areas, and lands 
administratively classified as wilderness eligible or suitable and 
primitive or semi-primitive areas, for fishing, hunting, and 
recreational shooting, except as limited by--
          (1) statutory authority that authorizes action or withholding 
        action for reasons of national security, public safety, or 
        resource conservation;
          (2) any other Federal statute that specifically precludes 
        fishing, hunting, or recreational shooting on specific Federal 
        lands, waters, or units thereof; and
          (3) discretionary limitations on fishing, hunting, and 
        recreational shooting determined to be necessary and reasonable 
        as supported by the best scientific evidence and advanced 
        through a transparent public process.
  (c) Management.--Consistent with subsection (a), Federal land 
management officials shall exercise their land management discretion--
          (1) in a manner that supports and facilitates fishing, 
        hunting, and recreational shooting opportunities;
          (2) to the extent authorized under applicable State law; and
          (3) in accordance with applicable Federal law.
  (d) Planning.--
          (1) Evaluation of effects on opportunities to engage in 
        fishing, hunting, or recreational shooting.--Planning documents 
        that apply to Federal lands, including land resources 
        management plans, resource management plans, travel management 
        plans, and general management plans shall include a specific 
        evaluation of the effects of such plans on opportunities to 
        engage in fishing, hunting, or recreational shooting.
          (2) Strategic growth policy for the national wildlife refuge 
        system.--Section 4(a)(3) of the National Wildlife Refuge System 
        Administration Act of 1966 (16 U.S.C. 668dd(a)(3)) is amended--
                  (A) by redesignating subparagraphs (C) and (D) as 
                subparagraphs (D) and (E), respectively; and
                  (B) by inserting after subparagraph (B), the 
                following:
          ``(C) the Secretary shall integrate wildlife-dependent 
        recreational uses in accordance with their status as priority 
        general public uses into proposed or existing regulations, 
        policies, criteria, plans, or other activities to alter or 
        amend the manner in which individual refuges or the National 
        Wildlife Refuge System (System) are managed, including, but not 
        limited to, any activities which target or prioritize criteria 
        for long and short term System acquisitions;''.
          (3) No major federal action.--No action taken under this 
        title, or under section 4 of the National Wildlife Refuge 
        System Administration Act of 1966 (16 U.S.C. 668dd), either 
        individually or cumulatively with other actions involving 
        Federal lands or lands managed by the United States Fish and 
        Wildlife Service, shall be considered to be a major Federal 
        action significantly affecting the quality of the human 
        environment, and no additional identification, analysis, or 
        consideration of environmental effects, including cumulative 
        effects, is necessary or required.
          (4) Other activity not considered.--Federal land management 
        officials are not required to consider the existence or 
        availability of fishing, hunting, or recreational shooting 
        opportunities on adjacent or nearby public or private lands in 
        the planning for or determination of which Federal lands are 
        open for these activities or in the setting of levels of use 
        for these activities on Federal lands, unless the combination 
        or coordination of such opportunities would enhance the 
        fishing, hunting, or recreational shooting opportunities 
        available to the public.
  (e) Federal Lands.--
          (1) Lands open.--Lands under the jurisdiction of the Bureau 
        of Land Management and the Forest Service, including Wilderness 
        Areas, Wilderness Study Areas, lands designated as wilderness 
        or administratively classified as wilderness eligible or 
        suitable and primitive or semi-primitive areas and National 
        Monuments, but excluding lands on the Outer Continental Shelf, 
        shall be open to fishing, hunting, and recreational shooting 
        unless the managing Federal agency acts to close lands to such 
        activity. Lands may be subject to closures or restrictions if 
        determined by the head of the agency to be necessary and 
        reasonable and supported by facts and evidence, for purposes 
        including resource conservation, public safety, energy or 
        mineral production, energy generation or transmission 
        infrastructure, water supply facilities, protection of other 
        permittees, protection of private property rights or interest, 
        national security, or compliance with other law.
          (2) Recreational shooting ranges.--
                  (A) In general.--The head of each Federal agency 
                shall use his or her authorities in a manner consistent 
                with this Act and other applicable law, to--
                          (i) lease or permit use of lands under the 
                        jurisdiction of the agency for recreational 
                        shooting ranges; and
                          (ii) designate specific lands under the 
                        jurisdiction of the agency for recreational 
                        shooting activities.
                  (B) Limitation on liability.--Any designation under 
                subparagraph (A)(ii) shall not subject the United 
                States to any civil action or claim for monetary 
                damages for injury or loss of property or personal 
                injury or death caused by any activity occurring at or 
                on such designated lands.
  (f) Necessity in Wilderness Areas and ``Within and Supplemental to'' 
Wilderness Purposes.--
          (1) Minimum requirements for administration.--The provision 
        of opportunities for fishing, hunting, and recreational 
        shooting, and the conservation of fish and wildlife to provide 
        sustainable use recreational opportunities on designated 
        Federal wilderness areas shall constitute measures necessary to 
        meet the minimum requirements for the administration of the 
        wilderness area, provided that this determination shall not 
        authorize or facilitate commodity development, use, or 
        extraction, motorized recreational access or use that is not 
        otherwise allowed under the Wilderness Act (16 U.S.C. 1131 et 
        seq.), or permanent road construction or maintenance within 
        designated wilderness areas.
          (2) Application of wilderness act.--Provisions of the 
        Wilderness Act (16 U.S.C. 1131 et seq.), stipulating that 
        wilderness purposes are ``within and supplemental to'' the 
        purposes of the underlying Federal land unit are reaffirmed. 
        When seeking to carry out fish and wildlife conservation 
        programs and projects or provide fish and wildlife dependent 
        recreation opportunities on designated wilderness areas, each 
        Federal land management official shall implement these 
        supplemental purposes so as to facilitate, enhance, or both, 
        but not to impede the underlying Federal land purposes when 
        seeking to carry out fish and wildlife conservation programs 
        and projects or provide fish and wildlife dependent recreation 
        opportunities in designated wilderness areas, provided that 
        such implementation shall not authorize or facilitate commodity 
        development, use or extraction, or permanent road construction 
        or maintenance within designated wilderness areas.
  (g) No Priority.--Nothing in this section requires a Federal land 
management official to give preference to fishing, hunting, or 
recreational shooting over other uses of Federal land or over land or 
water management priorities established by Federal law.
  (h) Consultation With Councils.--In fulfilling the duties under this 
section, Federal land management officials shall consult with 
respective advisory councils as established in Executive Order Nos. 
12962 and 13443.
  (i) Authority of the States.--Nothing in this section shall be 
construed as interfering with, diminishing, or conflicting with the 
authority, jurisdiction, or responsibility of any State to exercise 
primary management, control, or regulation of fish and wildlife under 
State law (including regulations) on land or water within the State, 
including on Federal land.
  (j) Federal Licenses.--Nothing in this section shall be construed to 
authorize a Federal land management official to require a license, fee, 
or permit to fish, hunt, or trap on land or water in a State, including 
on Federal land in the States, except that this subsection shall not 
affect the Migratory Bird Stamp requirement set forth in the Migratory 
Bird Hunting and Conservation Stamp Act (16 U.S.C. 718 et seq.).

SEC. 604. VOLUNTEER HUNTERS; REPORTS; CLOSURES AND RESTRICTIONS.

  (a) Definitions.--For the purposes of this section:
          (1) Public land.--The term ``public land'' means--
                  (A) units of the National Park System;
                  (B) National Forest System lands; and
                  (C) land and interests in land owned by the United 
                States and under the administrative jurisdiction of--
                          (i) the Fish and Wildlife Service; or
                          (ii) the Bureau of Land Management.
          (2) Secretary.--The term ``Secretary'' means--
                  (A) the Secretary of the Interior and includes the 
                Director of the National Park Service, with regard to 
                units of the National Park System;
                  (B) the Secretary of the Interior and includes the 
                Director of the Fish and Wildlife Service, with regard 
                to Fish and Wildlife Service lands and waters;
                  (C) the Secretary of the Interior and includes the 
                Director of the Bureau of Land Management, with regard 
                to Bureau of Land Management lands and waters; and
                  (D) the Secretary of Agriculture and includes the 
                Chief of the Forest Service, with regard to National 
                Forest System lands.
          (3) Volunteer from the hunting community.--The term 
        ``volunteer from the hunting community'' means a volunteer who 
        holds a valid hunting license issued by a State.
  (b) Volunteer Hunters.--When planning wildlife management involving 
reducing the size of a wildlife population on public land, the 
Secretary shall consider the use of and may use volunteers from the 
hunting community as agents to assist in carrying out wildlife 
management on public land. The Secretary shall not reject the use of 
volunteers from the hunting community as agents without the concurrence 
of the appropriate State wildlife management authorities.
  (c) Report.--Beginning on the second October 1 after the date of the 
enactment of this Act and biennially on October 1 thereafter, the 
Secretary shall submit to the Committee on Natural Resources of the 
House of Representatives and the Committee on Energy and Natural 
Resources of the Senate a report that describes--
          (1) any public land administered by the Secretary that was 
        closed to fishing, hunting, and recreational shooting at any 
        time during the preceding year; and
          (2) the reason for the closure.
  (d) Closures or Significant Restrictions.--
          (1) In general.--Other than closures established or 
        prescribed by land planning actions referred to in section 
        604(e) or emergency closures described in paragraph (2), a 
        permanent or temporary withdrawal, change of classification, or 
        change of management status of public land that effectively 
        closes or significantly restricts any acreage of public land to 
        access or use for fishing, hunting, recreational shooting, or 
        activities related to fishing, hunting, or recreational 
        shooting, or a combination of those activities, shall take 
        effect only if, before the date of withdrawal or change, the 
        Secretary--
                  (A) publishes appropriate notice of the withdrawal or 
                change, respectively;
                  (B) demonstrates that coordination has occurred with 
                a State fish and wildlife agency; and
                  (C) submits to the Committee on Natural Resources of 
                the House of Representatives and the Committee on 
                Energy and Natural Resources of the Senate written 
                notice of the withdrawal or change, respectively.
          (2) Emergency closures.--Nothing in this Act prohibits the 
        Secretary from establishing or implementing emergency closures 
        or restrictions of the smallest practicable area to provide for 
        public safety, resource conservation, national security, or 
        other purposes authorized by law. Such an emergency closure 
        shall terminate after a reasonable period of time unless 
        converted to a permanent closure consistent with this Act.

              TITLE VII--FARMER AND HUNTER PROTECTION ACT

SEC. 701. SHORT TITLE.

  This title may be cited as the ``Hunter and Farmer Protection Act''.

SEC. 702. BAITING OF MIGRATORY GAME BIRDS.

  Section 3 of the Migratory Bird Treaty Act (16 U.S.C. 704) is amended 
by striking subsection (b) and inserting the following:
  ``(b) Prohibition of Baiting.--
          ``(1) Definitions.--In this subsection:
                  ``(A) Baited area.--
                          ``(i) In general.--The term `baited area' 
                        means--
                                  ``(I) any area on which salt, grain, 
                                or other feed has been placed, exposed, 
                                deposited, distributed, or scattered, 
                                if the salt, grain, or feed could lure 
                                or attract migratory game birds; and
                                  ``(II) in the case of waterfowl, 
                                cranes (family Gruidae), and coots 
                                (family Rallidae), a standing, 
                                unharvested crop that has been 
                                manipulated through activities such as 
                                mowing, discing, or rolling, unless the 
                                activities are normal agricultural 
                                practices.
                          ``(ii) Exclusions.--An area shall not be 
                        considered to be a `baited area' if the area--
                                  ``(I) has been treated with a normal 
                                agricultural practice;
                                  ``(II) has standing crops that have 
                                not been manipulated; or
                                  ``(III) has standing crops that have 
                                been or are flooded.
                  ``(B) Baiting.--The term `baiting' means the direct 
                or indirect placing, exposing, depositing, 
                distributing, or scattering of salt, grain, or other 
                feed that could lure or attract migratory game birds 
                to, on, or over any areas on which a hunter is 
                attempting to take migratory game birds.
                  ``(C) Migratory game bird.--The term `migratory game 
                bird' means migratory bird species--
                          ``(i) that are within the taxonomic families 
                        of Anatidae, Columbidae, Gruidae, Rallidae, and 
                        Scolopacidae; and
                          ``(ii) for which open seasons are prescribed 
                        by the Secretary of the Interior.
                  ``(D) Normal agricultural practice.--
                          ``(i) In general.--The term `normal 
                        agricultural practice' means any practice in 1 
                        annual growing season that--
                                  ``(I) is carried out in order to 
                                produce a marketable crop, including 
                                planting, harvest, postharvest, or soil 
                                conservation practices; and
                                  ``(II) is recommended for the 
                                successful harvest of a given crop by 
                                the applicable State office of the 
                                Cooperative Extension System of the 
                                Department of Agriculture, in 
                                consultation with, and if requested, 
                                the concurrence of, the head of the 
                                applicable State department of fish and 
                                wildlife.
                          ``(ii) Inclusions.--
                                  ``(I) In general.--Subject to 
                                subclause (II), the term `normal 
                                agricultural practice' includes the 
                                destruction of a crop in accordance 
                                with practices required by the Federal 
                                Crop Insurance Corporation for 
                                agricultural producers to obtain crop 
                                insurance under the Federal Crop 
                                Insurance Act (7 U.S.C. 1501 et seq.) 
                                on land on which a crop during the 
                                current or immediately preceding crop 
                                year was not harvestable due to a 
                                natural disaster (including any 
                                hurricane, storm, tornado, flood, high 
                                water, wind-driven water, tidal wave, 
                                tsunami, earthquake, volcanic eruption, 
                                landslide, mudslide, drought, fire, 
                                snowstorm, or other catastrophe that is 
                                declared a major disaster by the 
                                President in accordance with section 
                                401 of the Robert T. Stafford Disaster 
                                Relief and Emergency Assistance Act (42 
                                U.S.C. 5170)).
                                  ``(II) Limitations.--The term `normal 
                                agricultural practice' only includes a 
                                crop described in subclause (I) that 
                                has been destroyed or manipulated 
                                through activities that include (but 
                                are not limited to) mowing, discing, or 
                                rolling if the Federal Crop Insurance 
                                Corporation certifies that flooding was 
                                not an acceptable method of destruction 
                                to obtain crop insurance under the 
                                Federal Crop Insurance Act (7 U.S.C. 
                                1501 et seq.).
                  ``(E) Waterfowl.--The term `waterfowl' means native 
                species of the family Anatidae.
          ``(2) Prohibition.--It shall be unlawful for any person--
                  ``(A) to take any migratory game bird by baiting or 
                on or over any baited area, if the person knows or 
                reasonably should know that the area is a baited area; 
                or
                  ``(B) to place or direct the placement of bait on or 
                adjacent to an area for the purpose of causing, 
                inducing, or allowing any person to take or attempt to 
                take any migratory game bird by baiting or on or over 
                the baited area.
          ``(3) Regulations.--The Secretary of the Interior may 
        promulgate regulations to implement this subsection.
          ``(4) Reports.--Annually, the Secretary of Agriculture shall 
        submit to the Secretary of the Interior a report that describes 
        any changes to normal agricultural practices across the range 
        of crops grown by agricultural producers in each region of the 
        United States in which the recommendations are provided to 
        agricultural producers.''.

    TITLE VIII--TRANSPORTING BOWS ACROSS NATIONAL PARK SERVICE LANDS

SEC. 801. SHORT TITLE.

  This title may be cited as the ``Hunter Access Corridors Act''.

SEC. 802. BOWHUNTING OPPORTUNITY AND WILDLIFE STEWARDSHIP.

  (a) In General.--Subchapter II of chapter 1015 of title 54, United 
States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following:

``Sec. 101513. Hunter access corridors

  ``(a) Definitions.--In this section:
          ``(1) Not ready for immediate use.--The term `not ready for 
        immediate use' means--
                  ``(A) a bow or crossbow, the arrows of which are 
                secured or stowed in a quiver or other arrow transport 
                case; and
                  ``(B) with respect to a crossbow, uncocked.
          ``(2) Valid hunting license.--The term `valid hunting 
        license' means a State-issued hunting license that authorizes 
        an individual to hunt on private or public land adjacent to the 
        System unit in which the individual is located while in 
        possession of a bow or crossbow that is not ready for immediate 
        use.
  ``(b) Transportation Authorized.--
          ``(1) In general.--The Director shall not require a permit 
        for, or promulgate or enforce any regulation that prohibits an 
        individual from transporting bows and crossbows that are not 
        ready for immediate use across any System unit if--
                  ``(A) in the case of an individual traversing the 
                System unit on foot--
                          ``(i) the individual is not otherwise 
                        prohibited by law from possessing the bows and 
                        crossbows;
                          ``(ii) the bows or crossbows are not ready 
                        for immediate use throughout the period during 
                        which the bows or crossbows are transported 
                        across the System unit;
                          ``(iii) the possession of the bows and 
                        crossbows is in compliance with the law of the 
                        State in which the System unit is located; and
                          ``(iv)(I) the individual possesses a valid 
                        hunting license;
                          ``(II) the individual is traversing the 
                        System unit en route to a hunting access 
                        corridor established under subsection (c)(1); 
                        or
                          ``(III) the individual is traversing the 
                        System unit in compliance with any other 
                        applicable regulations or policies; or
                  ``(B) the bows or crossbows are not ready for 
                immediate use and remain inside a vehicle.
          ``(2) Enforcement.--Nothing in this subsection limits the 
        authority of the Director to enforce laws (including 
        regulations) prohibiting hunting or the taking of wildlife in 
        any System unit.
  ``(c) Establishment of Hunter Access Corridors.--
          ``(1) In general.--On a determination by the Director under 
        paragraph (2), the Director may establish and publish (in 
        accordance with section 1.5 of title 36, Code of Federal 
        Regulations (or a successor regulation)), on a publicly 
        available map, hunter access corridors across System units that 
        are used to access public land that is--
                  ``(A) contiguous to a System unit; and
                  ``(B) open to hunting.
          ``(2) Determination by director.--The determination referred 
        to in paragraph (1) is a determination that the hunter access 
        corridor would provide wildlife management or visitor 
        experience benefits within the boundary of the System unit in 
        which the hunter access corridor is located.
          ``(3) Hunting season.--The hunter access corridors shall be 
        open for use during hunting seasons.
          ``(4) Exception.--The Director may establish limited periods 
        during which access through the hunter access corridors is 
        closed for reasons of public safety, administration, or 
        compliance with applicable law.
          ``(5) Identification of corridors.--The Director shall--
                  ``(A) make information regarding hunter access 
                corridors available on the individual website of the 
                applicable System unit; and
                  ``(B) provide information regarding any processes 
                established by the Director for transporting legally 
                taken game through individual hunter access corridors.
          ``(6) Registration; transportation of game.--The Director 
        may--
                  ``(A) provide registration boxes to be located at the 
                trailhead of each hunter access corridor for self-
                registration;
                  ``(B) provide a process for online self-registration; 
                and
                  ``(C) allow nonmotorized conveyances to transport 
                legally taken game through a hunter access corridor 
                established under this subsection, including game carts 
                and sleds.
          ``(7) Consultation with states.--The Director shall consult 
        with each applicable State wildlife agency to identify 
        appropriate hunter access corridors.
  ``(d) Effect.--Nothing in this section--
          ``(1) diminishes, enlarges, or modifies any Federal or State 
        authority with respect to recreational hunting, recreational 
        shooting, or any other recreational activities within the 
        boundaries of a System unit; or
          ``(2) authorizes--
                  ``(A) the establishment of new trails in System 
                units; or
                  ``(B) authorizes individuals to access areas in 
                System units, on foot or otherwise, that are not open 
                to such access.
  ``(e) No Major Federal Action.--
          ``(1) In general.--Any action taken under this section shall 
        not be considered a major Federal action significantly 
        affecting the quality of the human environment under the 
        National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (42 U.S.C. 4321 et 
        seq.).
          ``(2) No additional action required.--No additional 
        identification, analyses, or consideration of environmental 
        effects (including cumulative environmental effects) is 
        necessary or required with respect to an action taken under 
        this section.''.
  (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections for title 54, United 
States Code, is amended by inserting after the item relating to section 
101512 the following:

``101513. Hunter access corridors.''.

  TITLE IX--FEDERAL LAND TRANSACTION FACILITATION ACT REAUTHORIZATION 
                                (FLTFA)

SEC. 901. SHORT TITLE.

  This title may be cited as the ``Federal Land Transaction 
Facilitation Act Reauthorization of 2015''.

SEC. 902. FEDERAL LAND TRANSACTION FACILITATION ACT.

  The Federal Land Transaction Facilitation Act is amended--
          (1) in section 203(1) (43 U.S.C. 2302(1)), by striking 
        ``cultural, or'' and inserting ``cultural, recreational access 
        and use, or other'';
          (2) in section 203(2) in the matter preceding subparagraph 
        (A), by striking ``on the date of enactment of this Act was'' 
        and inserting ``is'';
          (3) in section 205 (43 U.S.C. 2304)--
                  (A) in subsection (a), by striking ``section 206'' 
                and all that follows through the period and inserting 
                the following: ``section 206--
          ``(1) to complete appraisals and satisfy other legal 
        requirements for the sale or exchange of public land identified 
        for disposal under approved land use plans under section 202 of 
        the Federal Land Policy and Management Act of 1976 (43 U.S.C. 
        1712);
          ``(2) not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment 
        of the Federal Land Transaction Facilitation Act 
        Reauthorization of 2015, to establish and make available to the 
        public, on the website of the Department of the Interior, a 
        database containing a comprehensive list of all the land 
        referred to in paragraph (1); and
          ``(3) to maintain the database referred to in paragraph 
        (2).''; and
                  (B) in subsection (d), by striking ``11'' and 
                inserting ``22'';
          (4) by amending section 206(c)(1) (43 U.S.C. 2305(c)(1)) to 
        read as follows:
          ``(1) Use of funds.--
                  ``(A) In general.--Funds in the Federal Land Disposal 
                Account shall be expended in accordance with this 
                subsection.
                  ``(B) Purposes.--Except as authorized under paragraph 
                (2), funds in the Federal Land Disposal Account shall 
                be used for one or more of the following purposes:
                          ``(i) To purchase lands or interests therein 
                        that are otherwise authorized by law to be 
                        acquired and are one or more of the following:
                                  ``(I) Inholdings.
                                  ``(II) Adjacent to federally 
                                designated areas and contain 
                                exceptional resources.
                                  ``(III) Provide opportunities for 
                                hunting, recreational fishing, 
                                recreational shooting, and other 
                                recreational activities.
                                  ``(IV) Likely to aid in the 
                                performance of deferred maintenance or 
                                the reduction of operation and 
                                maintenance costs or other deferred 
                                costs.
                          ``(ii) To perform deferred maintenance or 
                        other maintenance activities that enhance 
                        opportunities for recreational access.'';
          (5) in section 206(c)(2) (43 U.S.C. 2305(c)(2))--
                  (A) by striking subparagraph (A);
                  (B) by redesignating subparagraphs (B), (C), and (D) 
                as subparagraphs (A), (B), and (C), respectively;
                  (C) in subparagraph (C) (as so redesignated by this 
                paragraph)--
                          (i) by striking ``purchases'' and inserting 
                        ``land purchases and performance of deferred 
                        maintenance activities'';
                          (ii) by striking ``subparagraph (C)'' and 
                        inserting ``subparagraph (B)''; and
                          (iii) by inserting ``for the activities 
                        outlined in paragraph (2)'' after 
                        ``generated''; and
                  (D) by adding at the end the following:
                  ``(D) Any funds made available under subparagraph (C) 
                that are not obligated or expended by the end of the 
                fourth full fiscal year after the date of the sale or 
                exchange of land that generated the funds may be 
                expended in any State.'';
          (6) in section 206(c)(3) (43 U.S.C. 2305(c)(3))--
                  (A) by inserting after subparagraph (A) the 
                following:
                  ``(B) the extent to which the acquisition of the land 
                or interest therein will increase the public 
                availability of resources for, and facilitate public 
                access to, hunting, fishing, and other recreational 
                activities;''; and
                  (B) by redesignating subparagraphs (B) and (C) as 
                subparagraphs (C) and (D);
          (7) in section 206(f) (43 U.S.C. 2305(f)), by amending 
        paragraph (2) to read as follows:
          ``(2) any remaining balance in the account shall be deposited 
        in the Treasury and used for deficit reduction, except that in 
        the case of a fiscal year for which there is no Federal budget 
        deficit, such amounts shall be used to reduce the Federal debt 
        (in such manner as the Secretary of the Treasury considers 
        appropriate).''; and
          (8) in section 207(b) (43 U.S.C. 2306(b))--
                  (A) in paragraph (1)--
                          (i) by striking ``96-568'' and inserting 
                        ``96-586''; and
                          (ii) by striking ``; or'' and inserting a 
                        semicolon;
                  (B) in paragraph (2)--
                          (i) by inserting ``Public Law 105-263;'' 
                        before ``112 Stat.''; and
                          (ii) by striking the period at the end and 
                        inserting a semicolon; and
                  (C) by adding at the end the following:
          ``(3) the White Pine County Conservation, Recreation, and 
        Development Act of 2006 (Public Law 109-432; 120 Stat. 3028);
          ``(4) the Lincoln County Conservation, Recreation, and 
        Development Act of 2004 (Public Law 108-424; 118 Stat. 2403);
          ``(5) subtitle F of title I of the Omnibus Public Land 
        Management Act of 2009 (16 U.S.C. 1132 note; Public Law 111-
        11);
          ``(6) subtitle O of title I of the Omnibus Public Land 
        Management Act of 2009 (16 U.S.C. 460www note, 1132 note; 
        Public Law 111-11);
          ``(7) section 2601 of the Omnibus Public Land Management Act 
        of 2009 (Public Law 111-11; 123 Stat. 1108); or
          ``(8) section 2606 of the Omnibus Public Land Management Act 
        of 2009 (Public Law 111-11; 123 Stat. 1121).''.

 TITLE X--AFRICAN ELEPHANT CONSERVATION AND LEGAL IVORY POSSESSION ACT

SEC. 1001. SHORT TITLE.

  This title may be cited as the ``African Elephant Conservation and 
Legal Ivory Possession Act of 2015''.

SEC. 1002. REFERENCES.

  Except as otherwise specifically provided, whenever in this title an 
amendment or repeal is expressed in terms of an amendment to, or repeal 
of, a provision, the reference shall be considered to be made to a 
provision of the African Elephant Conservation Act (16 U.S.C. 4201 et 
seq.).

SEC. 1003. LIMITED EXEMPTION FOR CERTAIN AFRICAN ELEPHANT IVORY.

  Section 2203 (16 U.S.C. 4223) is amended--
          (1) by inserting ``(a) In General.--'' before the first 
        sentence;
          (2) by inserting ``and subsection (b) of this section'' after 
        ``2202(e)''; and
          (3) by adding at the end the following:
  ``(b) Exemption.--Nothing in this Act or subsection (a) or (d) of 
section 9 of the Endangered Species Act of 1973 (16 U.S.C. 1538) shall 
be construed to prohibit importation or exportation, or to require 
permission of the Secretary for importation or exportation, of--
          ``(1) any raw ivory or worked ivory--
                  ``(A) imported solely for purposes of becoming part 
                of a museum's permanent collection, return to a lending 
                museum, or display in a museum; or
                  ``(B) exported solely for purposes of--
                          ``(i) display in a foreign museum; or
                          ``(ii) return to a foreign person who lent 
                        such ivory to a museum in the United States;
          ``(2) any raw ivory or worked ivory that was lawfully 
        importable into the United States on February 24, 2014, 
        regardless of when acquired; or
          ``(3) any worked ivory that was previously lawfully possessed 
        in the United States.''.

SEC. 1004. PLACEMENT OF UNITED STATES FISH AND WILDLIFE SERVICE LAW 
                    ENFORCEMENT OFFICER IN EACH AFRICAN ELEPHANT RANGE 
                    COUNTRY.

  Part I (16 U.S.C. 4211 et seq.) is amended by adding at the end the 
following:

``SEC. 2105. PLACEMENT OF UNITED STATES FISH AND WILDLIFE SERVICE LAW 
                    ENFORCEMENT OFFICER IN EACH AFRICAN ELEPHANT RANGE 
                    COUNTRY.

  ``The Secretary, in coordination with the Secretary of State, may 
station one United States Fish and Wildlife Service law enforcement 
officer in the primary United States diplomatic or consular post in 
each African country that has a significant population of African 
elephants, who shall assist local wildlife rangers in the protection of 
African elephants and facilitate the apprehension of individuals who 
illegally kill, or assist the illegal killing of, African elephants.''.

SEC. 1005. CERTIFICATION FOR THE PURPOSES OF THE FISHERMEN'S PROTECTIVE 
                    ACT OF 1967.

  Section 2202 (16 U.S.C. 4222) is amended by adding at the end the 
following:
  ``(g) Certification.--When the Secretary of the Interior finds that a 
country, directly or indirectly, is a significant transit or 
destination point for illegal ivory trade, the Secretary shall certify 
such fact to the President with respect to the country for the purposes 
of section 8(a) of the Fishermen's Protective Act of 1967 (22 U.S.C. 
1978(a)).''.

SEC. 1006. TREATMENT OF ELEPHANT IVORY.

  Section 2203 (16 U.S.C. 4223) is further amended by adding at the end 
the following:
  ``(c) Treatment of Elephant Ivory.--Nothing in this Act or the 
Endangered Species Act of 1973 (16 U.S.C. 1538) shall be construed--
          ``(1) to prohibit, or to authorize prohibiting, the 
        possession, sale, delivery, receipt, shipment, or 
        transportation of African elephant ivory, or any product 
        containing African elephant ivory, that has been lawfully 
        imported or crafted in the United States; or
          ``(2) to authorize using any means of determining for 
        purposes of this Act or the Endangered Species Act of 1973 
        whether African elephant ivory has been lawfully imported, 
        including any presumption or burden of proof applied in such 
        determination, other than such means used by the Secretary as 
        of February 24, 2014.''.

SEC. 1007. SPORT-HUNTED ELEPHANT TROPHIES.

  Section 2203 (16 U.S.C. 4223) is further amended by adding at the end 
the following:
  ``(d) Sport-Hunted Elephant Trophies.--Nothing in this Act or 
subsection (a) or (d) of section 9 of the Endangered Species Act of 
1973 (16 U.S.C. 1538) shall be construed to prohibit any citizen or 
legal resident of the United States, or an agent of such an individual, 
from importing a sport-hunted African elephant trophy under section 
2202(e) of this Act, if the country in which the elephant was taken had 
an elephant population on Appendix II of CITES at the time the trophy 
elephant was taken.
  ``(e) Relationship to the Convention.--Nothing in this section shall 
be construed as modifying or repealing the Secretary's duties to 
implement CITES and the appendices thereto, or as modifying or 
repealing section 8A or 9(c) of the Endangered Species Act of 1973 (16 
U.S.C. 1537a and 1538(c)).''.

SEC. 1008. AFRICAN ELEPHANT CONSERVATION ACT FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE 
                    PRIORITY AND REAUTHORIZATION.

  (a) Financial Assistance Priority.--Section 2101 (16 U.S.C. 4211) is 
amended by redesignating subsections (e) and (f) as subsections (f) and 
(g), respectively, and by inserting after subsection (d) the following:
  ``(e) Priority.--In providing financial assistance under this 
section, the Secretary shall give priority to projects designed to 
facilitate the acquisition of equipment and training of wildlife 
officials in ivory producing countries to be used in anti-poaching 
efforts.''.
  (b) Reauthorization.--Section 2306(a) (16 U.S.C. 4245(a)) is amended 
by striking ``2007 through 2012'' and inserting ``2016 through 2020''.

               TITLE XI--RESPECT FOR TREATIES AND RIGHTS

SEC. 1101. RESPECT FOR TREATIES AND RIGHTS.

  Nothing in this Act or the amendments made by this Act shall be 
construed to affect or modify any treaty or other right of any 
federally recognized Indian tribe.

  TITLE XII--INTEREST ON OBLIGATIONS HELD IN THE WILDLIFE RESTORATION 
                                  FUND

SEC. 1201. INTEREST ON OBLIGATIONS HELD IN THE WILDLIFE RESTORATION 
                    FUND.

  Section 3(b)(2)(C) of the Pittman-Robertson Wildlife Restoration Act 
(16 U.S.C. 669b(b)(2)(C)) is amended by striking ``2016'' and inserting 
``2026''.

       TITLE XIII--PERMITS FOR FILM CREWS OF FIVE PEOPLE OR LESS

SEC. 1301. ANNUAL PERMIT AND FEE FOR FILM CREWS OF 5 PERSONS OR FEWER.

  (a) Purpose.--The purpose of this section is to provide commercial 
film crews of 5 persons or fewer access to film in areas designated for 
public use during public hours on Federal land and waterways.
  (b) National Park System Land.--Section 100905 of title 54, United 
States Code, is amended--
          (1) in subsection (a)--
                  (A) in paragraph (1), by striking ``The Secretary'' 
                and inserting ``Except as provided in paragraph (3), 
                the Secretary''; and
                  (B) by adding at the end the following:
          ``(3) Special rules for film crews of 5 persons or fewer.--
                  ``(A) Definition of film crew.--In this paragraph, 
                the term `film crew' means any persons present on 
                Federal land or waterways under the jurisdiction of the 
                Secretary who are associated with the production of a 
                film.
                  ``(B) Required permit and fee.--For any film crew of 
                5 persons or fewer, the Secretary shall require a 
                permit and assess an annual fee of $200 for commercial 
                filming activities or similar projects on Federal land 
                and waterways administered by the Secretary.
                  ``(C) Commercial filming activities.--A permit issued 
                under subparagraph (B) shall be valid for commercial 
                filming activities or similar projects that occur in 
                areas designated for public use during public hours on 
                all Federal land and waterways administered by the 
                Secretary for a 1-year period beginning on the date of 
                issuance of the permit.
                  ``(D) No additional fees.--For persons holding a 
                permit issued under this paragraph, during the 
                effective period of the permit, the Secretary shall not 
                assess any fees in addition to the fee assessed under 
                subparagraph (B).
                  ``(E) Use of cameras.--The Secretary shall not 
                prohibit, as a mechanized apparatus or under any other 
                purposes, use of cameras or related equipment used for 
                the purpose of commercial filming activities or similar 
                projects in accordance with this paragraph on Federal 
                land and waterways administered by the Secretary.
                  ``(F) Notification required.--A film crew of 5 
                persons or fewer subject to a permit issued under this 
                paragraph shall notify the applicable land management 
                agency with jurisdiction over the Federal land at least 
                48 hours before entering the Federal land.
                  ``(G) Denial of access.--The head of the applicable 
                land management agency may deny access to a film crew 
                under this paragraph if--
                          ``(i) there is a likelihood of resource 
                        damage that cannot be mitigated;
                          ``(ii) there would be an unreasonable 
                        disruption of the use and enjoyment of the site 
                        by the public;
                          ``(iii) the activity poses health or safety 
                        risks to the public; or
                          ``(iv) the filming includes the use of models 
                        or props that are not part of the natural or 
                        cultural resources or administrative facilities 
                        of the Federal land.''; and
          (2) in the first sentence of subsection (b), by striking 
        ``collect any costs'' and inserting ``recover any costs''.
  (c) Other Federal Land.--Section 1 of Public Law 106-206 (16 U.S.C. 
460l-6d) is amended--
          (1) in subsection (a)--
                  (A) in paragraph (1), by striking ``The Secretary'' 
                and inserting ``Except as provided in paragraph (3), 
                the Secretary''; and
                  (B) by adding at the end the following:
          ``(3) Special rules for film crews of 5 persons or fewer.--
                  ``(A) Definition of film crew.--In this paragraph, 
                the term `film crew' means any persons present on 
                Federal land or waterways under the jurisdiction of the 
                Secretary who are associated with the production of a 
                film.
                  ``(B) Required permit and fee.--For any film crew of 
                5 persons or fewer, the Secretary shall require a 
                permit and assess an annual fee of $200 for commercial 
                filming activities or similar projects on Federal land 
                and waterways administered by the Secretary.
                  ``(C) Commercial filming activities.--A permit issued 
                under subparagraph (B) shall be valid for commercial 
                filming activities or similar projects that occur in 
                areas designated for public use during public hours on 
                all Federal land and waterways administered by the 
                Secretary for a 1-year period beginning on the date of 
                issuance of the permit.
                  ``(D) No additional fees.--For persons holding a 
                permit issued under this paragraph, during the 
                effective period of the permit, the Secretary shall not 
                assess any fees in addition to the fee assessed under 
                subparagraph (B).
                  ``(E) Use of cameras.--The Secretary shall not 
                prohibit, as a mechanized apparatus or under any other 
                purposes, use of cameras or related equipment used for 
                the purpose of commercial filming activities or similar 
                projects in accordance with this paragraph on Federal 
                land and waterways administered by the Secretary.
                  ``(F) Notification required.--A film crew of 5 
                persons or fewer subject to a permit issued under this 
                paragraph shall notify the applicable land management 
                agency with jurisdiction over the Federal land at least 
                48 hours before entering the Federal land.
                  ``(G) Denial of access.--The head of the applicable 
                land management agency may deny access to a film crew 
                under this paragraph if--
                          ``(i) there is a likelihood of resource 
                        damage that cannot be mitigated;
                          ``(ii) there would be an unreasonable 
                        disruption of the use and enjoyment of the site 
                        by the public;
                          ``(iii) the activity poses health or safety 
                        risks to the public; or
                          ``(iv) the filming includes the use of models 
                        or props that are not part of the natural or 
                        cultural resources or administrative facilities 
                        of the Federal land.''; and
          (2) in the first sentence of subsection (b)--
                  (A) by striking ``collect any costs'' and inserting 
                ``recover any costs''; and
                  (B) by striking ``similar project'' and inserting 
                ``similar projects''.

            TITLE XIV--STATE APPROVAL OF FISHING RESTRICTION

SEC. 1401. STATE OR TERRITORIAL APPROVAL OF RESTRICTION OF RECREATIONAL 
                    OR COMMERCIAL FISHING ACCESS TO CERTAIN STATE OR 
                    TERRITORIAL WATERS.

  (a) Approval Required.--The Secretary of the Interior and the 
Secretary of Commerce shall not restrict recreational or commercial 
fishing access to any State or territorial marine waters or Great Lakes 
waters within the jurisdiction of the National Park Service or the 
Office of National Marine Sanctuaries, respectively, unless those 
restrictions are developed in coordination with, and approved by, the 
fish and wildlife management agency of the State or territory that has 
fisheries management authority over those waters.
  (b) Definition.--In this section, the term ``marine waters'' includes 
coastal waters and estuaries.

  TITLE XV--HUNTING AND RECREATIONAL FISHING WITHIN CERTAIN NATIONAL 
                                FORESTS

SEC. 1501. DEFINITIONS.

  In this title:
          (1) Hunting.--The term ``hunting'' means use of a firearm, 
        bow, or other authorized means in the lawful pursuit, shooting, 
        capture, collection, trapping, or killing of wildlife; attempt 
        to pursue, shoot, capture, collect, trap, or kill wildlife; or 
        the training and use of hunting dogs, including field trials.
          (2) Recreational fishing.--The term ``recreational fishing'' 
        means the lawful pursuit, capture, collection, or killing of 
        fish; or attempt to capture, collect, or kill fish.
          (3) Forest plan.--The term ``forest plan'' means a land and 
        resource management plan prepared by the Forest Service for a 
        unit of the National Forest System pursuant to section 6 of the 
        Forest and Rangeland Renewable Resources Planning Act of 1974 
        (16 U.S.C. 1604).
          (4) National forest system.--The term ``National Forest 
        System'' has the meaning given that term in section 11(a) of 
        the Forest and Rangeland Renewable Resources Planning Act of 
        1974 (16 U.S.C. 1609(a))

SEC. 1502. HUNTING AND RECREATIONAL FISHING WITHIN THE NATIONAL FOREST 
                    SYSTEM.

  (a) Prohibition of Restrictions.--The Secretary of Agriculture or 
Chief of the Forest Service may not establish policies, directives, or 
regulations that restrict the type, season, or method of hunting or 
recreational fishing on lands within the National Forest System that 
are otherwise open to those activities and are consistent with the 
applicable forest plan.
  (b) Prior Restrictions Void.--Any restrictions imposed by the 
Secretary of Agriculture or Chief of the Forest Service regarding the 
type, season, or method of hunting or recreational fishing on lands 
within the National Forest System that are otherwise open to those 
activities in force on the date of the enactment of this Act shall be 
void and have no force or effect.
  (c) Applicability.--This section shall apply only to the Kisatchie 
National Forest in the State of Louisiana, the De Soto National Forest 
in the State of Mississippi, and the Ozark National Forest, the St. 
Francis National Forest and the Ouachita National Forest in the States 
of Arkansas and Oklahoma.
  (d) State Authority.--Nothing in this section, section 1 of the Act 
of June 4, 1897 (16 U.S.C. 551), or section 32 of the Act of July 22, 
1937 (7 U.S.C. 1011) shall affect the authority of States to manage 
hunting or recreational fishing on lands within the National Forest 
System.

              TITLE XVI--GRAND CANYON BISON MANAGEMENT ACT

SEC. 1601. SHORT TITLE.

  This title may be cited as the ``Grand Canyon Bison Management Act''.

SEC. 1602. DEFINITIONS.

  In this title:
          (1) Management plan.--The term ``management plan'' means the 
        management plan published under section 1603(a).
          (2) Park.--The term ``Park'' means the Grand Canyon National 
        Park.
          (3) Secretary.--The term ``Secretary'' means the Secretary of 
        the Interior.
          (4) Skilled public volunteer.--The term ``skilled public 
        volunteer'' means an individual who possesses--
                  (A) a valid hunting license issued by the State of 
                Arizona; and
                  (B) such other qualifications as the Secretary may 
                require, after consultation with the Arizona Game and 
                Fish Commission.

SEC. 1603. BISON MANAGEMENT PLAN FOR GRAND CANYON NATIONAL PARK.

  (a) Publication of Plan.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall publish a management plan to 
reduce, through humane lethal culling by skilled public volunteers and 
by other nonlethal means, the population of bison in the Park that the 
Secretary determines are detrimental to the use of the Park.
  (b) Removal of Animal.--Notwithstanding any other provision of law, a 
skilled public volunteer may remove a full bison harvested from the 
Park.
  (c) Coordination.--The Secretary shall coordinate with the Arizona 
Game and Fish Commission regarding the development and implementation 
of the management plan.
  (d) NEPA Compliance.--In developing the management plan, the 
Secretary shall comply with all applicable Federal environmental laws 
(including regulations), including the National Environmental Policy 
Act of 1969 (42 U.S.C. 4321 et seq.).
  (e) Limitation.--Nothing in this title applies to the taking of 
wildlife in the Park for any purpose other than the implementation of 
the management plan.

                          Purpose of the Bill

    The purpose of H.R. 2406 is to protect and enhance 
opportunities for recreational hunting, fishing and shooting.

                  Background and Need for Legislation

    H.R. 2406, the Sportsmen's Heritage and Recreational 
Enhancement Act of 2015 (SHARE Act), as amended, aims to 
protect Second Amendment rights and ensure that future 
generations of Americans will have ample access to federal 
lands to hunt, fish, and recreationally shoot. Reliable access 
is necessary to sustain our nation's rich outdoor sporting 
tradition heritage and benefits the men and women that make up 
the industries that support it. Outdoor sporting activities, 
including hunting, fishing and recreational shooting, are 
deeply engrained in the fabric of America's culture and 
heritage. Much of this activity occurs on America's federal 
lands. Federal agencies often prevent or impede access to 
federal lands for hunting, fishing, and recreational shooting 
that should otherwise be available for those activities. Since 
lack of access is one of the key reasons why sportsmen and 
women may stop participating in traditional outdoor sporting 
activities, ensuring that the public has reliable access to our 
nation's federal lands must remain a priority.
    The SHARE Act includes many provisions to accomplish these 
goals. First, it implements an ``open until closed'' management 
policy on federal lands to facilitate sustained access for 
hunting, fishing, and recreational shooting and protects 
sportsmen and women from arbitrary efforts by the federal 
government to close lands to those activities. However, it does 
not prioritize hunting and fishing over other multiple uses of 
federal lands. The bill also requires federal agencies to 
consider the use of volunteers from the hunting community to 
cull excess animals on federal lands; prevents the Departments 
of the Interior and Commerce from restricting recreational or 
commercial fishing access on marine waters without coordination 
with and approval of the applicable State or territory; 
prevents U.S. Forest Service restrictions on hunting, fishing, 
and shooting in certain National Forests in Arkansas, 
Louisiana, and Mississippi; creates a new cost structure for 
small film crews operating on federal lands; adjusts funding 
limitations to make more funds available to States to establish 
and maintain recreational shooting ranges; authorizes bows and 
crossbows to be lawfully transported on National Park System 
lands with certain restrictions; and allows the National Park 
Service to establish hunter access corridors through National 
Park System units that are used to access adjacent federal land 
that is open to hunting. The bill also reauthorizes and amends 
the Federal Land Transaction Facilitation Act by emphasizing 
the acquisition of parcels that provide recreational access and 
providing federal agencies with the option to use funds 
generated by land sales for deferred maintenance activities, in 
addition to the purchase of land.
    The bill also protects Second Amendment rights and the use 
of traditional ammunition and fishing tackle. It protects 
individuals' Constitutional right to bear arms on lands owned 
by the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers. Congress passed 
legislation allowing citizens to exercise this right on 
National Park and other federal lands, but did not address 
lands owned by the Corps. The bill also protects the use of 
traditional ammunition and fishing tackle by reiterating and 
clarifying existing law that clearly limits the Environmental 
Protection Agency's authority to regulate those components 
under the Toxic Substances Control Act. It also prevents 
certain federal agencies from regulating the use of ammunition 
and fishing tackle based on lead content, but retains the 
existing prohibition of lead used in waterfowl hunting.
    Finally, the bill prevents the regulation of lawfully 
possessed ivory products and eliminates red tape associated 
with the importation of hunting trophies. The bill prevents the 
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service from implementing onerous rules 
banning the domestic sale and trade of lawfully possessed ivory 
products, including musical instruments, firearms, and antiques 
that include ivory, and ensures that sport-hunted elephant 
trophies can be legally imported from countries with 
sustainable elephant populations. It also allows for the 
importation of certain already legally-taken polar bear hunting 
trophies that, through no fault of sportsmen or women, have 
become trapped in bureaucratic red tape. However, the bill does 
not open the door to future imports.

                            Committee Action

    H.R. 2406 was introduced on May 19, 2015, by Congressman 
Robert J. Wittman (R-VA). The bill was referred to the 
Committee on Natural Resources, and in addition to the 
Committees on Agriculture, Energy and Commerce, Transportation 
and Infrastructure, and the Judiciary. Within the Natural 
Resources Committee, the bill was referred to the Subcommittee 
on Federal Lands and the Subcommittee on Water, Power and 
Oceans. On October 7, 2015, the Natural Resources Committee met 
to consider the bill. The Subcommittees were discharged by 
unanimous consent. Congressman Robert Wittman offered an 
amendment in the nature of a substitute (ANS). Congressman Paul 
A. Gosar (R-AZ) offered amendment designated .134 to the ANS; 
it was adopted by voice vote. Congresswoman Amata Coleman 
Radewagen (R-AS) offered an amendment designated #1 to the ANS; 
it was adopted by a roll call vote of 20 to 15, as follows:

[GRAPHIC(S) NOT AVAILABLE IN TIFF FORMAT]

    Raul M. Grijalva (D-AZ) offered an amendment designated 
.073 to the ANS; it was not adopted by a roll call vote of 15 
to 22, as follows:

[GRAPHIC(S) NOT AVAILABLE IN TIFF FORMAT]

    Congressman Jared Huffman (D-CA) offered an amendment 
designated .109 to the ANS; it was not adopted by a roll call 
vote of 16 to 22, as follows:

[GRAPHIC(S) NOT AVAILABLE IN TIFF FORMAT]

    Congressman John Fleming (R-LA) and Congressman Bruce 
Westerman (R-AR) offered an amendment designated .047 to the 
ANS; it was adopted by voice vote. Congressman Donald S. Beyer, 
Jr. (D-VA) offered an amendment designated .036 to the ANS; it 
was not adopted by a roll call vote of 15 to 21, as follows:

[GRAPHIC(S) NOT AVAILABLE IN TIFF FORMAT]

    No further amendments were offered and the Wittman ANS, as 
amended, was adopted by a roll call vote of 21 to 15, as 
follows:

[GRAPHIC(S) NOT AVAILABLE IN TIFF FORMAT]

    H.R. 2406, as amended, was adopted and ordered favorably 
reported to the House of Representatives on October 8, 2015, by 
a roll call vote of 21 to 15, as follows:

[GRAPHIC(S) NOT AVAILABLE IN TIFF FORMAT]

            Committee Oversight Findings and Recommendations

    Regarding clause 2(b)(1) of rule X and clause 3(c)(1) of 
rule XIII of the Rules of the House of Representatives, the 
Committee on Natural Resources' oversight findings and 
recommendations are reflected in the body of this report.

                    Compliance With House Rule XIII

    1. Cost of Legislation. Clause 3(d)(1) of rule XIII of the 
Rules of the House of Representatives requires an estimate and 
a comparison by the Committee of the costs which would be 
incurred in carrying out this bill. However, clause 3(d)(2)(B) 
of that rule provides that this requirement does not apply when 
the Committee has included in its report a timely submitted 
cost estimate of the bill prepared by the Director of the 
Congressional Budget Office under section 402 of the 
Congressional Budget Act of 1974. Under clause 3(c)(3) of rule 
XIII of the Rules of the House of Representatives and section 
403 of the Congressional Budget Act of 1974, the Committee has 
received the following cost estimate for this bill from the 
Director of the Congressional Budget Office:

H.R. 2406--SHARE Act

    Summary: H.R. 2406 would amend existing laws and establish 
new laws related to the management of federal lands. It would 
authorize the sale of certain federal land and permit the 
receipts from those sales to be spent. The bill also would 
authorize the appropriation of $5 million a year to enforce 
laws related to the illegal trading of ivory. Based on 
information provided by the affected agencies, CBO estimates 
that implementing the legislation would cost $24 million over 
the 2016-2020 period and $1 million after 2020, assuming 
appropriation of the authorized and necessary amounts.
    Because CBO estimates that enacting the bill would affect 
direct spending, pay-as-you-go procedures apply. However, CBO 
estimates that the net effect on direct spending would be 
negligible over the 2016-2025 period. Enacting H.R. 2406 would 
not affect revenues. CBO also estimates that enacting H.R. 2406 
would not increase net direct spending or on-budget deficits in 
any of the four consecutive 10-year periods beginning in 2026.
    H.R. 2406 contains no intergovernmental mandates as defined 
in the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act (UMRA) and would benefit 
state agencies by lowering the matching requirement for federal 
grants that support public shooting ranges. Any costs incurred 
by those entities would be incurred voluntarily.
    H.R. 2406 would impose a private-sector mandate, as defined 
in UMRA, by eliminating an individual's existing right to seek 
compensation for damages occurring at some public target 
ranges. Based on information from the Department of the 
Interior, CBO estimates that the cost of the mandate would be 
small and fall well below the annual threshold established in 
UMRA for private-sector mandates ($154 million in 2015, 
adjusted annually for inflation).
    Estimated cost to the Federal Government: The estimated 
budgetary effect of H.R. 2406 is shown in the following table. 
The costs of this legislation fall within budget function 300 
(natural resources and environment).

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                  By fiscal year, in millions of dollars--
                                                   -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                     2016    2017    2018    2019    2020    2021    2022    2023    2024    2025   2016-2020  2016-2025
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                               CHANGES IN DIRECT SPENDING
 
Proceeds from Sale of Property:a
    Estimated Budget Authority....................      -2      -3      -4      -5      -6      -8      -8       0       0       0       -20        -36
    Estimated Outlays.............................      -2      -3      -4      -5      -6      -8      -8       0       0       0       -20        -36
Spending of Sales Proceeds:
    Estimated Budget Authority....................       3       4       5       6       7       9       9       0       0       0        25         43
    Estimated Outlays.............................       2       3       4       5       6       7       9       0       0       0        20         36
    Total Changes:
        Estimated Budget Authority................       1       1       1       1       1       1       1       0       0       0         5          7
        Estimated Outlays.........................       *       *       *       *       *      -1       1       0       0       0         *          0
 
                                                      CHANGES IN SPENDING SUBJECT TO APPROPRIATION
Estimated Authorization Level.....................       5       5       5       5       5       *       *       *       *       *        25         25
Estimated Outlays.................................       4       5       5       5       5       1       *       *       *       *        24         25
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Note: Components may not sum to totals because of rounding; *= between -$500,000 and $500,000.
aThe amounts of sale proceeds shown in the table reflect expected increases in collections under H.R. 2406. In addition to those amounts, CBO estimates
  that the Bureau of Land Management will collect $10 million over the 2016-2025 period from land sales under current law.

    Basis of estimate: For this estimate, CBO assumes that the 
legislation will be enacted in 2016 and that the necessary 
amounts will be appropriated for each fiscal year.

Direct spending

    CBO estimates that enacting H.R. 2406 would have a 
negligible effect on direct spending over the 2016-2025 period. 
Title IX, which would reauthorize the Federal Land Transaction 
Facilitation Act (FLTFA) through July 25, 2022, would increase 
offsetting receipts from land sales and associated direct 
spending by $36 million over the 2016-2022 period. On balance, 
title IX would have no net effect on direct spending over that 
period. Other provisions in the bill would have a negligible 
effect on direct spending.
    Federal Land Transaction Facilitation Act. Title IX would 
reauthorize FLTFA and allow certain federal agencies to spend, 
without further appropriation, proceeds from the sale of land 
administered by the Bureau of Land Management (BLM) to purchase 
inholdings (privately held land surrounded by federal land). 
Based on information from BLM, CBO estimates that enacting 
title IX would increase both the proceeds from the sale of 
federal property and the spending of those proceeds. On 
balance, CBO estimates that enacting title IX would have no net 
effect on direct spending over the 2016-2022 period.
    Under current law, proceeds from the sale of BLM land are 
deposited in the Treasury as offsetting receipts. CBO estimates 
that such proceeds will total $7 million over the 2016-2022 
period and are not available to be spent without appropriation. 
Because, under the bill, BLM could spend those proceeds to pay 
for administrative costs associated with other land sales, CBO 
estimates that enacting the legislation would lead to more 
sales, and that collections would increase by $36 million over 
that period. Under the bill, we estimate that new spending 
authority from the proceeds of the sale of BLM land would total 
around $43 million over 2016-2022 period.
    CBO estimates that annual proceeds from the sale of BLM 
land over the next 7 years would be lower (on average) than 
historical collections under FLTFA, which expired in 2011. Over 
the 2001-2011 period, proceeds under the program totaled 
roughly $120 million. Most of those collections were generated 
by sales near urban areas in Nevada and Arizona in 2006 and 
2007. Because the amount of future proceeds would be related to 
housing market conditions in those areas, we expect that total 
proceeds in the future would be lower, although they would 
increase annually through 2022 as additional sales take place 
near those urban areas.
    Title IX also would authorize four land-management agencies 
(BLM, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, the National Park 
Service, and the Forest Service) to spend without further 
appropriation proceeds from the sale of BLM land, including 
amounts expected to be collected under current law. Thus, CBO 
estimates that enacting title IX would increase direct spending 
over the 2016-2022 period. Based on the historical rate of 
spending for FLTFA program and for other federal land 
acquisition activities, CBO expects that those agencies would 
spend $36 million over the 2016-2022 period. As a result, CBO 
estimates that enacting title IX would have no net effect on 
direct spending over that period.
    Interest Earned on Amounts in the Wildlife Restoration Fund 
(WRF). Title XII would amend current law to change how interest 
earned on amounts in the WRF could be spent but not the amounts 
available to be spent. Because the amounts available to be 
spent would not be affected, CBO estimates that enacting title 
XII would have a negligible net effect on direct spending.
    Fees for Commercial Filming Activities. Title XIII would 
require the Secretaries of Agriculture and the Interior to 
charge a permit fee of $200 a year for crews of five persons or 
fewer that conduct commercial filming activities on certain 
federal lands. Under current law, some of the affected agencies 
collect fees for those activities to recover any costs the 
agencies incur in administering such activities. Those agencies 
are authorized to spend the collections without further 
appropriation. CBO expects that, under the bill, certain film 
crews would pay less than the amounts required under current 
law and others would pay more. However, because the affected 
agencies would have the authority to spend any proceeds from 
fees established under the bill, we estimate that enacting 
title XIII would have a negligible effect on net direct 
spending.

Spending subject to appropriation

    Title X would amend and reauthorize the African Elephant 
Conservation Act. The bill would authorize the appropriation of 
$5 million a year over the 2016-2020 period for the Fish and 
Wildlife Service to enforce laws aimed at preventing the 
illegal trading of ivory. The bill would authorize the 
Secretary of the Interior to station law enforcement officers 
in African countries with elephant populations and to identify 
countries where illegal ivory trade is occurring. Assuming 
appropriation of the authorized amounts, CBO estimates that 
implementing title X would cost $24 million over the 2016-2020 
period and $1 million after 2020.
    H.R. 2406 also contains provisions that would affect the 
possession, transport, and use of certain hunting and fishing 
equipment on federal lands, impose certain reporting 
requirements, and allow for the importation of certain polar 
bear remains. Based on information provided by the affected 
agencies, CBO expects that many of those provisions would have 
little or no effect on the agencies' activities relative to 
current law. Thus, we estimate that implementing those 
provisions would have an insignificant effect on the federal 
budget.
    Pay-As-You-Go considerations: The Statutory Pay-As-You-Go 
Act of 2010 establishes budget-reporting and enforcement 
procedures for legislation affecting direct spending or 
revenues. The net changes in outlays that are subject to those 
pay-as-you-go procedures are shown in the following table.

        CBO ESTIMATE OF PAY-AS-YOU-GO EFFECTS FOR H.R. 2406, AS ORDERED REPORTED BY THE HOUSE COMMITTEE ON NATURAL RESOURCES ON OCTOBER 16, 2015
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                  By fiscal year, in millions of dollars--
                                                   -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                     2016    2017    2018    2019    2020    2021    2022    2023    2024    2025   2016-2020  2016-2025
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                       NET INCREASE OR DECREASE (-) IN THE DEFICIT
 
Statutory Pay-As-You-Go...........................       0       0       0       0       0       0      -1       0       0       0          0          0
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Increase in long term direct spending and deficits: CBO 
estimates that enacting the legislation would not increase net 
direct spending or on-budget deficits in any of the four 
consecutive 10-year periods beginning in 2026.
    Estimated impact on state, local, and tribal governments: 
H.R. 2406 contains no intergovernmental mandates as defined in 
UMRA and would benefit state agencies by lowering the matching 
requirement for federal grants that support public shooting 
ranges. Any costs incurred by those entities would be incurred 
voluntarily.
    Estimated impact on the private sector: The bill would 
impose a private-sector mandate as defined in UMRA by 
eliminating an individual's existing right to seek compensation 
from the federal government for damages occurring at a public 
target range supported by federal funds. The cost of the 
mandate would be the forgone value of awards and settlements in 
such claims. Information from the Department of the Interior 
indicates that few, if any, of those types of lawsuits are 
brought against the U.S. government. Because such claims would 
probably continue to be uncommon, CBO estimates that the cost 
of the mandate would be small and fall well below the annual 
threshold established in UMRA for private-sector mandates ($154 
million in 2015, adjusted annually for inflation).
    Estimate prepared by: Federal costs: Jeff LaFave; Impact on 
state, local, and tribal governments: Jon Sperl; Impact on the 
private sector: Amy Petz.
    Estimate approved by: H. Samuel Papenfuss, Deputy Assistant 
Director for Budget Analysis.
    2. Section 308(a) of Congressional Budget Act. As required 
by clause 3(c)(2) of rule XIII of the Rules of the House of 
Representatives and section 308(a) of the Congressional Budget 
Act of 1974, this bill does not contain any new budget 
authority, credit authority, or an increase or decrease in 
revenues or tax expenditures. According to the Congressional 
Budget Office (CBO), implementation of this bill would cost $24 
million over 2016-2010, and $1 million after 2020, subject to 
appropriation. In addition, CBO estimates the net effect on 
direct spending would be negligible for 2016-2025.
    3. General Performance Goals and Objectives. As required by 
clause 3(c)(4) of rule XIII, the general performance goal or 
objective of this bill is to protect and enhance opportunites 
for recreational hunting, fishing and shooting.

                           Earmark Statement

    This bill does not contain any Congressional earmarks, 
limited tax benefits, or limited tariff benefits as defined 
under clause 9(e), 9(f), and 9(g) of rule XXI of the Rules of 
the House of Representatives.

                    Compliance With Public Law 104-4

    This bill contains no unfunded mandates.

                       Compliance with H. Res. 5

    Directed Rule Making. The Chairman does not believe that 
this bill directs any executive branch official to conduct any 
specific rule-making proceedings.
    Duplication of Existing Programs. This bill does not 
establish or reauthorize a program of the federal government 
known to be duplicative of another program. Such program was 
not included in any report from the Government Accountability 
Office to Congress pursuant to section 21 of Public Law 111-139 
or identified in the most recent Catalog of Federal Domestic 
Assistance published pursuant to the Federal Program 
Information Act (Public Law 95-220, as amended by Public Law 
98-169) as relating to other programs.

                Preemption of State, Local or Tribal Law

    This bill is not intended to preempt any State, local or 
tribal law.

         Changes in Existing Law Made by the Bill, as Reported

  In compliance with clause 3(e) of rule XIII of the Rules of 
the House of Representatives, changes in existing law made by 
the bill, as reported, are shown as follows (existing law 
proposed to be omitted is enclosed in black brackets, new 
matter is printed in italic, and existing law in which no 
change is proposed is shown in roman):

                      TOXIC SUBSTANCES CONTROL ACT

TITLE I--CONTROL OF TOXIC SUBSTANCES

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


SEC. 3. DEFINITIONS.

   As used in this Act:
  (1) The term ``Administrator'' means the Administrator of the 
Environmental Protection Agency.
  (2)(A) Except as provided in subparagraph (B), the term 
``chemical substance'' means any organic or inorganic substance 
of a particular molecular identity, including--
          (i) any combination of such substances occurring in 
        whole or in part as a result of a chemical reaction or 
        occurring in nature, and
          (ii) any element or uncombined radical.
  (B) Such term does not include--
          (i) any mixture,
          (ii) any pesticide (as defined in the Federal 
        Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act) when 
        manufactured, processed, or distributed in commerce for 
        use as a pesticide,
          (iii) tobacco or any tobacco product,
          (iv) any source material, special nuclear material, 
        or byproduct material (as such terms are defined in the 
        Atomic Energy Act of 1954 and regulations issued under 
        such Act),
          (v) any article the sale of which is subject to the 
        tax imposed by section 4181 of the Internal Revenue 
        Code of 1954 (determined without regard to any 
        exemptions from such tax provided by section 4182 or 
        4221 or any other provision of such Code)[, and], or 
        any component of any such article including, without 
        limitation, shot, bullets and other projectiles, 
        propellants, and primers,
          (vi) any food, food additive, drug, cosmetic, or 
        device (as such terms are defined in section 201 of the 
        Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act) when 
        manufactured, processed, or distributed in commerce for 
        use as a food, food additive, drug, cosmetic, or 
        device[.], and
          (vii) any sport fishing equipment (as such term is 
        defined in subsection (a) of section 4162 of the 
        Internal Revenue Code of 1986) the sale of which is 
        subject to the tax imposed by section 4161(a) of such 
        Code (determined without regard to any exemptions from 
        such tax as provided by section 4162 or 4221 or any 
        other provision of such Code), and sport fishing 
        equipment components.
The term ``food'' as used in clause (vi) of this subparagraph 
includes poultry and poultry products (as defined in sections 
4(e) and 4(f) of the Poultry Products Inspection Act), meat and 
meat food products (as defined in section 1(j) of the Federal 
Meat Inspection Act), and eggs and egg products (as defined in 
section 4 of the Egg Products Inspection Act).
  (3) The term ``commerce'' means trade, traffic, 
transportation, or other commerce (A) between a place in a 
State and any place outside of such State, or (B) which affects 
trade, traffic, transportation, or commerce described in clause 
(A).
  (4) The terms ``distribute in commerce'' and ``distribution 
in commerce'' when used to describe an action taken with 
respect to a chemical substance or mixture or article 
containing a substance or mixture mean to sell, or the sale of, 
the substance, mixture, or article in commerce; to introduce or 
deliver for introduction into commerce, or the introduction or 
delivery for introduction into commerce of, the substance, 
mixture, or article; or to hold, or the holding of, the 
substance, mixture, or article after its introduction into 
commerce.
  (5) The term ``environment'' includes water, air, and land 
and the interrelationship which exists among and between water, 
air, and land and all living things.
  (6) The term ``health and safety study'' means any study of 
any effect of a chemical substance or mixture on health or the 
environment or on both, including underlying data and 
epidemiological studies, studies of occupational exposure to a 
chemical substance or mixture, toxicological, clinical, and 
ecological studies of a chemical substance or mixture, and any 
test performed pursuant to this Act.
  (7) The term ``manufacture'' means to import into the customs 
territory of the United States (as defined in general note 2 of 
the Harmonized Tariff Schedules of the United States), produce, 
or manufacture.
  (8) The term ``mixture'' means any combination of two or more 
chemical substances if the combination does not occur in nature 
and is not, in whole or in part, the result of a chemical 
reaction; except that such term does include any combination 
which occurs, in whole or in part, as a result of a chemical 
reaction if none of the chemical substances comprising the 
combination is a new chemical substance and if the combination 
could have been manufactured for commercial purposes without a 
chemical reaction at the time the chemical substances 
comprising the combination were combined.
  (9) The term ``new chemical substance'' means any chemical 
substance which is not included in the chemical substance list 
compiled and published under section 8(b).
  (10) The term ``process'' means the preparation of a chemical 
substance or mixture, after its manufacture, for distribution 
in commerce--
          (A) in the same form or physical state as, or in a 
        different form or physical state from, that in which it 
        was received by the person so preparing such substance 
        or mixture, or
          (B) as part of an article containing the chemical 
        substance or mixture.
  (11) The term ``processor'' means any person who processes a 
chemical substance or mixture.
  (12) The term ``standards for the development of test data'' 
means a prescription of--
          (A) the--
                  (i) health and environmental effects, and
                  (ii) information relating to toxicity, 
                persistence, and other characteristics which 
                affect health and the environment,
        for which test data for a chemical substance or mixture 
        are to be developed and any analysis that is to be 
        performed on such data, and
          (B) to the extent necessary to assure that data 
        respecting such effects and characteristics are 
        reliable and adequate--
                  (i) the manner in which such data are to be 
                developed,
                  (ii) the specification of any test protocol 
                or methodology to be employed in the 
                development of such data, and
                  (iii) such other requirements as are 
                necessary to provide such assurance.
  (13) The term ``State'' means any State of the United States, 
the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, the 
Virgin Islands, Guam, the Canal Zone, American Samoa, the 
Northern Mariana Islands, or any other territory or possession 
of the United States.
  (14) The term ``United States'', when used in the geographic 
sense, means all of the States.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

                              ----------                              


               PITTMAN-ROBERTSON WILDLIFE RESTORATION ACT



           *       *       *       *       *       *       *
SEC. 2. DEFINITIONS.

   As used in this Act--
          (1) the term ``conservation'' means the use of 
        methods and procedures necessary or desirable to 
        sustain healthy populations of wildlife, including all 
        activities associated with scientific resources 
        management such as research, census, monitoring of 
        populations, acquisition, improvement and management of 
        habitat, live trapping and transplantation, wildlife 
        damage management, and periodic or total protection of 
        a species or population, as well as the taking of 
        individuals within wildlife stock or population if 
        permitted by applicable State and Federal law;
          (2) the term ``public target range'' means a specific 
        location that--
                  (A) is identified by a governmental agency 
                for recreational shooting;
                  (B) is open to the public;
                  (C) may be supervised; and
                  (D) may accommodate archery or rifle, pistol, 
                or shotgun shooting;
          [(2)] (3) the term ``Secretary'' means the Secretary 
        of the Interior;
          [(3)] (4) the term ``State fish and game department'' 
        or ``State fish and wildlife department'' means any 
        department or division of department of another name, 
        or commission, or official or officials, of a State 
        empowered under its laws to exercise the functions 
        ordinarily exercised by a State fish and game 
        department or State fish and wildlife department.
          [(4)] (5) the term ``wildlife'' means any species of 
        wild, free-ranging fauna including fish, and also fauna 
        in captive breeding programs the object of which is to 
        reintroduce individuals of a depleted indigenous 
        species into previously occupied range;
          [(5)] (6) the term ``wildlife-associated recreation'' 
        means projects intended to meet the demand for outdoor 
        activities associated with wildlife including, but not 
        limited to, hunting and fishing, wildlife observation 
        and photography, such projects as construction or 
        restoration of wildlife viewing areas, observation 
        towers, blinds, platforms, land and water trails, water 
        access, field trialing, trail heads, and access for 
        such projects;
          [(6)] (7) the term ``wildlife conservation and 
        restoration program'' means a program developed by a 
        State fish and wildlife department and approved by the 
        Secretary under section 304(d), the projects that 
        constitute such a program, which may be implemented in 
        whole or part through grants and contracts by a State 
        to other State, Federal, or local agencies (including 
        those that gather, evaluate, and disseminate 
        information on wildlife and their habitats), wildlife 
        conservation organizations, and outdoor recreation and 
        conservation education entities from funds apportioned 
        under this title, and maintenance of such projects;
          [(7)] (8) the term ``wildlife conservation 
        education'' means projects, including public outreach, 
        intended to foster responsible natural resource 
        stewardship; and
          [(8)] (9) the term ``wildlife-restoration project'' 
        includes the wildlife conservation and restoration 
        program and means the selection, restoration, 
        rehabilitation, and improvement of areas of land or 
        water adaptable as feeding, resting, or breeding places 
        for wildlife, including acquisition of such areas or 
        estates or interests therein as are suitable or capable 
        of being made suitable therefor, and the construction 
        thereon or therein of such works as may be necessary to 
        make them available for such purposes and also 
        including such research into problems of wildlife 
        management as may be necessary to efficient 
        administration affecting wildlife resources, and such 
        preliminary or incidental costs and expenses as may be 
        incurred in and about such projects.
  Sec. 3. (a)(1) An amount equal to all revenues accruing each 
fiscal year (beginning with the fiscal year 1975) from any tax 
imposed on specified articles by sections 4161(b) and 4181 of 
the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 (26 U.S.C. 4161(b), 4181) 
shall, subject to the exemptions in section 4182 of such Code, 
be covered into the Federal aid to wildlife restoration fund in 
the Treasury (hereinafter referred to as the ``fund'') and is 
authorized to be appropriated and made available until expended 
to carry out the purposes of this Act. So much of such 
appropriation apportioned to any State for any fiscal year as 
remains unexpended at the close thereof is authorized to be 
made available for expenditure in that State until the close of 
the succeeding fiscal year. Any amount apportioned to any State 
under the provisions of this Act which is unexpended or 
unobligated at the end of the period during which it is 
available for expenditure on any project is authorized to be 
made available for expenditure by the Secretary of Agriculture 
in carrying out the provisions of the Migratory Bird 
Conservation Act.
          (2) There is established in the Federal aid to 
        wildlife restoration fund a subaccount to be known as 
        the ``Wildlife Conservation and Restoration Account''. 
        There are authorized to be appropriated for the 
        purposes of the Wildlife Conservation and Restoration 
        Account $50,000,000 in fiscal year 2001 for 
        apportionment in accordance with this Act to carry out 
        State wildlife conservation and restoration programs. 
        Further, interest on amounts transferred shall be 
        treated in a manner consistent with 16 U.S.C. 
        669(b)(1)).
  (b)(1) The Secretary of the Treasury shall invest in 
interest-bearing obligations of the United States such portion 
of the fund as is not, in his judgment, required for meeting a 
current year's withdrawals. For purposes of such investment, 
the Secretary of the Treasury may--
          (A) acquire obligations at the issue price and 
        purchase outstanding obligations at the market price; 
        and
          (B) sell obligations held in the fund at the market 
        price.
  (2) The interest on obligations held in the fund--
          (A) shall be credited to the fund;
          (B) constitute the sums available for allocation by 
        the Secretary under section 8 of the North American 
        Wetlands Conservation Act; and
          (C) shall become available for apportionment under 
        this Act at the beginning of fiscal year [2016] 2026.
  (c)(1) Amounts transferred to the Wildlife Conservation and 
Restoration Account shall supplement, but not replace, existing 
funds available to the States from the sport fish restoration 
account and wildlife restoration account and shall be used for 
the development, revision, and implementation of wildlife 
conservation and restoration programs and should be used to 
address the unmet needs for a diverse array of wildlife and 
associated habitats, including species that are not hunted or 
fished, for wildlife conservation, wildlife conservation 
education, and wildlife-associated recreation projects. Such 
funds may be used for new programs and projects as well as to 
enhance existing programs and projects.
  (2) Funds may be used by a State or an Indian tribe for the 
planning and implementation of its wildlife conservation and 
restoration program and wildlife conservation strategy, as 
provided in sections 4(d) and (e) of this Act, including 
wildlife conservation, wildlife conservation education, and 
wildlife-associated recreation projects. Such funds may be used 
for new programs and projects as well as to enhance existing 
programs and projects.
  (3) Priority for funding from the Wildlife Conservation and 
Restoration Account shall be for those species with the 
greatest conservation need as defined by the State wildlife 
conservation and restoration program.
  (d) Notwithstanding subsections (a) and (b) of this section, 
with respect to amounts transferred to the Wildlife 
Conservation and Restoration Account, so much of such amounts 
apportioned to any State for any fiscal year as remains 
unexpended at the close thereof shall remain available for 
obligation in that State until the close of the second 
succeeding fiscal year.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

  Sec. 8. (a) Maintenance of wildlife-restoration projects 
established under the provisions of this Act shall be the duty 
of the State in accordance with their respective laws. 
Beginning July 1, 1945, the term ``wildlife-restoration 
project'', as defined in section 2 of this Act, shall include 
maintenance of completed projects. Notwithstanding any other 
provisions of this Act, funds apportioned to a State under this 
Act may be expended by the State for management (exclusive of 
law enforcement and public relations) of wildlife areas and 
resources. Funds from the Wildlife Conservation and Restoration 
Account may be used for a wildlife conservation education 
program, except that no such funds may be used for education 
efforts, projects, or programs that promote or encourage 
opposition to the regulated taking of wildlife.
  [(b) Each State] (b)  Expenditures for Management of Wildlife 
Areas and Resources._
          (1) In general._Except as provided in paragraph (2), 
        each State may use the funds apportioned to it under 
        section 4(c) to pay up to 75 per centum of the costs of 
        a hunter safety program and the [construction, 
        operation,] operation and maintenance of public target 
        ranges, as a part of such program. [The non-Federal 
        share]
          (2) Exception._Notwithstanding the limitation 
        described in paragraph (1), a State may pay up to 90 
        percent of the cost of acquiring land for, expanding, 
        or constructing a public target range.
          (3) Non-federal share._The non-Federal share of such 
        costs may be derived from license fees paid by hunters, 
        but not from other Federal grant programs. [The 
        Secretary]
          (4) Regulations._The Secretary shall issue not later 
        than the 120th day after the effective date of this 
        subsection such regulations as he deems advisable 
        relative to the criteria for the establishment of 
        hunter safety programs and public target ranges under 
        this subsection.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


SEC. 10. FIREARM AND BOW HUNTER EDUCATION AND SAFETY PROGRAM GRANTS.

  (a) In General.--
          (1) Grants.--Of the revenues covered into the fund, 
        $7,500,000 for each of fiscal years 2001 and 2002, and 
        $8,000,000 for fiscal year 2003 and each fiscal year 
        thereafter, shall be apportioned among the States in 
        the manner specified in section 4(c) by the Secretary 
        of the Interior and used to make grants to the States 
        to be used for--
                  (A) in the case of a State that has not used 
                all of the funds apportioned to the State under 
                section 4(c) for the fiscal year in the manner 
                described in section 8(b)--
                          (i) the enhancement of hunter 
                        education programs, hunter and sporting 
                        firearm safety programs, and hunter 
                        development programs;
                          (ii) the enhancement of interstate 
                        coordination and development of hunter 
                        education and shooting range programs;
                          (iii) the enhancement of bow hunter 
                        and archery education, safety, and 
                        development programs; and
                          (iv) the enhancement of construction 
                        or development of firearm shooting 
                        ranges and archery ranges, and the 
                        updating of safety features of firearm 
                        shooting ranges and archery ranges; and
                  (B) in the case of a State that has used all 
                of the funds apportioned to the State under 
                section 4(c) for the fiscal year in the manner 
                described in section 8(b), any use authorized 
                by this Act (including hunter safety programs 
                and the construction, operation, and 
                maintenance of public target ranges).
          (2) Limitation on use.--Under paragraph (1), a State 
        shall not be required to use more than the amount 
        described in section 8(b) for hunter safety programs 
        and the construction, operation, and maintenance of 
        public target ranges.
          (3) Allocation of additional amounts.--Of the amount 
        apportioned to a State for any fiscal year under 
        section 4(b), the State may elect to allocate not more 
        than 10 percent, to be combined with the amount 
        apportioned to the State under paragraph (1) for that 
        fiscal year, for acquiring land for, expanding, or 
        constructing a public target range.
  [(b) Cost Sharing.--The Federal share of the cost of any 
activity carried out with a grant under this section shall not 
exceed 75 percent of the total cost of the activity.]
  (b) Cost Sharing.--
          (1) In general.--Except as provided in paragraph (2), 
        the Federal share of the cost of any activity carried 
        out using a grant under this section shall not exceed 
        75 percent of the total cost of the activity.
          (2) Public target range construction or expansion.--
        The Federal share of the cost of acquiring land for, 
        expanding, or constructing a public target range in a 
        State on Federal or non-Federal land pursuant to this 
        section or section 8(b) shall not exceed 90 percent of 
        the cost of the activity.
  (c) Period of Availability; Reapportionment.--
          (1) Period of availability.--[Amounts made]
                  (A) In general._Except as provided in 
                subparagraph (B), amounts made available and 
                apportioned for grants under this section shall 
                remain available only for the fiscal year for 
                which the amounts are apportioned.
                  (B) Exception.--Amounts provided for 
                acquiring land for, constructing, or expanding 
                a public target range shall remain available 
                for expenditure and obligation during the 5-
                fiscal-year period beginning on October 1 of 
                the first fiscal year for which the amounts are 
                made available.
          (2) Reapportionment.--At the end of the period of 
        availability under paragraph (1), the Secretary of the 
        Interior shall apportion amounts made available that 
        have not been used to make grants under this section 
        among the States described in subsection (a)(1)(B) for 
        use by those States in accordance with this Act.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

                              ----------                              


                  MARINE MAMMAL PROTECTION ACT OF 1972



           *       *       *       *       *       *       *
TITLE I--CONSERVATION AND PROTECTION OF MARINE MAMMALS

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


                                Permits

  Sec. 104. (a) The Secretary may issue permits which authorize 
the taking or importation of any marine mammal. Permits for the 
incidental taking of marine mammals in the course of commercial 
fishing operations may only be issued as specifically provided 
for in sections 101(a)(5) or 306, or subsection (h) of this 
section.
  (b) Any permit issued under this section shall--
          (1) be consistent with any applicable regulation 
        established by the Secretary under section 103 of this 
        title, and
          (2) specify
                  (A) the number and kind of animals which are 
                authorized to be taken or imported,
                  (B) the location and manner (which manner 
                must be determined by the Secretary to be 
                humane) in which they may be taken, or from 
                which they may be imported,
                  (C) the period during which the permit is 
                valid, and
                  (D) any other terms or conditions which the 
                Secretary deems appropriate.
In any case in which an application for a permit cites as a 
reason for the proposed taking the overpopulation of a 
particular species or population stock, the Secretary shall 
first consider whether or not it would be more desirable to 
transplant a number of animals (but not to exceed the number 
requested for taking in the application) of that species or 
stock to a location not then inhabited by such species or stock 
but previously inhabited by such species or stock.
  (c)(1) Any permit issued by the Secretary which authorizes 
the taking or importation of a marine mammal for purposes of 
scientific research, public display, or enhancing the survival 
or recovery of a species or stock shall specify, in addition to 
the conditions required by subsection (b) of this section, the 
methods of capture, supervision, care, and transportation which 
must be observed pursuant to such taking or importation. Any 
person authorized to take or import a marine mammal for 
purposes of scientific research, public display, or enhancing 
the survival or recovery of a species or stock shall furnish to 
the Secretary a report on all activities carried out by him 
pursuant to that authority.
          (2)(A) A permit may be issued to take or import a 
        marine mammal for the purpose of public display only to 
        a person which the Secretary determines--
                  (i) offers a program for education or 
                conservation purposes that is based on 
                professionally recognized standards of the 
                public display community;
                  (ii) is registered or holds a license issued 
                under 7 U.S.C. 2131 et seq.; and
                  (iii) maintains facilities for the public 
                display of marine mammals that are open to the 
                public on a regularly scheduled basis and that 
                access to such facilities is not limited or 
                restricted other than by charging of an 
                admission fee.
          (B) A permit under this paragraph shall grant to the 
        person to which it is issued the right, without 
        obtaining any additional permit or authorization under 
        this Act, to--
                  (i) take, import, purchase, offer to 
                purchase, possess, or transport the marine 
                mammal that is the subject of the permit; and
                  (ii) sell, export, or otherwise transfer 
                possession of the marine mammal, or offer to 
                sell, export, or otherwise transfer possession 
                of the marine mammal--
                          (I) for the purpose of public 
                        display, to a person that meets the 
                        requirements of clauses (i), (ii), and 
                        (iii) of subparagraph (A);
                          (II) for the purpose of scientific 
                        research, to a person that meets the 
                        requirements of paragraph (3); or
                          (III) for the purpose of enhancing 
                        the survival or recovery of a species 
                        or stock, to a person that meets the 
                        requirements of paragraph (4).
          (C) A person to which a marine mammal is sold or 
        exported or to which possession of a marine mammal is 
        otherwise transferred under the authority of 
        subparagraph (B) shall have the rights and 
        responsibilities described in subparagraph (B) with 
        respect to the marine mammal without obtaining any 
        additional permit or authorization under this Act. Such 
        responsibilities shall be limited to--
                  (i) for the purpose of public display, the 
                responsibility to meet the requirements of 
                clauses (i), (ii), and (iii) of subparagraph 
                (A),
                  (ii) for the purpose of scientific research, 
                the responsibility to meet the requirements of 
                paragraph (3), and
                  (iii) for the purpose of enhancing the 
                survival or recovery of a species or stock, the 
                responsibility to meet the requirements of 
                paragraph (4).
          (D) If the Secretary--
                  (i) finds in concurrence with the Secretary 
                of Agriculture, that a person that holds a 
                permit under this paragraph for a marine 
                mammal, or a person exercising rights under 
                subparagraph (C), no longer meets the 
                requirements of subparagraph (A)(ii) and is not 
                reasonably likely to meet those requirements in 
                the near future, or
                  (ii) finds that a person that holds a permit 
                under this paragraph for a marine mammal, or a 
                person exercising rights under subparagraph 
                (C), no longer meets the requirements of 
                subparagraph (A) (i) or (iii) and is not 
                reasonably likely to meet those requirements in 
                the near future,
        the Secretary may revoke the permit in accordance with 
        section 104(e), seize the marine mammal, or cooperate 
        with other persons authorized to hold marine mammals 
        under this Act for disposition of the marine mammal. 
        The Secretary may recover from the person expenses 
        incurred by the Secretary for that seizure.
          (E) No marine mammal held pursuant to a permit issued 
        under subparagraph (A), or by a person exercising 
        rights under subparagraph (C), may be sold, purchased, 
        exported, or transported unless the Secretary is 
        notified of such action no later than 15 days before 
        such action, and such action is for purposes of public 
        display, scientific research, or enhancing the survival 
        or recovery of a species or stock. The Secretary may 
        only require the notification to include the 
        information required for the inventory established 
        under paragraph (10).
          (3)(A) The Secretary may issue a permit under this 
        paragraph for scientific research purposes to an 
        applicant which submits with its permit application 
        information indicating that the taking is required to 
        further a bona fide scientific purpose. The Secretary 
        may issue a permit under this paragraph before the end 
        of the public review and comment period required under 
        subsection (d)(2) if delaying issuance of the permit 
        could result in injury to a species, stock, or 
        individual, or in loss of unique research 
        opportunities.
          (B) No permit issued for purposes of scientific 
        research shall authorize the lethal taking of a marine 
        mammal unless the applicant demonstrates that a 
        nonlethal method of conducting the research is not 
        feasible. The Secretary shall not issue a permit for 
        research which involves the lethal taking of a marine 
        mammal from a species or stock that is depleted, unless 
        the Secretary determines that the results of such 
        research will directly benefit that species or stock, 
        or that such research fulfills a critically important 
        research need.
          (C) Not later than 120 days after the date of 
        enactment of the Marine Mammal Protection Act 
        Amendments of 1994, the Secretary shall issue a general 
        authorization and implementing regulations allowing 
        bona fide scientific research that may result only in 
        taking by Level B harassment of a marine mammal. Such 
        authorization shall apply to persons which submit, by 
        60 days before commencement of such research, a letter 
        of intent via certified mail to the Secretary 
        containing the following:
                  (i) The species or stocks of marine mammals 
                which may be harassed.
                  (ii) The geographic location of the research.
                  (iii) The period of time over which the 
                research will be conducted.
                  (iv) The purpose of the research, including a 
                description of how the definition of bona fide 
                research as established under this Act would 
                apply.
                  (v) Methods to be used to conduct the 
                research.
        Not later than 30 days after receipt of a letter of 
        intent to conduct scientific research under the general 
        authorization, the Secretary shall issue a letter to 
        the applicant confirming that the general authorization 
        applies, or, if the proposed research is likely to 
        result in the taking (including Level A harassment) of 
        a marine mammal, shall notify the applicant that 
        subparagraph (A) applies.
  (4)(A) A permit may be issued for enhancing the survival or 
recovery of a species or stock only with respect to a species 
or stock for which the Secretary, after consultation with the 
Marine Mammal Commission and after notice and opportunity for 
public comment, has first determined that--
          (i) taking or importation is likely to contribute 
        significantly to maintaining or increasing distribution 
        or numbers necessary to ensure the survival or recovery 
        of the species or stock; and
          (ii) taking or importation is consistent (I) with any 
        conservation plan adopted by the Secretary under 
        section 115(b) of this title or any recovery plan 
        developed under section 4(f) of the Endangered Species 
        Act of 1973 for the species or stock, or (II) if there 
        is no conservation or recovery plan in place, with the 
        Secretary's evaluation of actions required to enhance 
        the survival or recovery of the species or stock in 
        light to the factors that would be addressed in a 
        conservation plan or a recovery plan.
  (B) A permit issued in accordance with this paragraph may 
allow the captive maintenance of a marine mammal from a 
depleted species or stock only if the Secretary--
          (i) determines that captive maintenance is likely to 
        contribute to the survival or recovery of the species 
        or stock by maintaining a viable gene pool, increasing 
        productivity, providing biological information, or 
        establishing animal reserves;
          (ii) determines that the expected benefit to the 
        affected species or stock outweighs the expected 
        benefit of alternatives which do not require removal of 
        animals from the wild; and
          (iii) requires that the marine mammal or its progeny 
        be returned to the natural habitat of the species or 
        stock as soon as feasible, consistent with the 
        objectives of any applicable conservation plan or 
        recovery plan, or of any evaluation by the Secretary 
        under subparagraph (A).
The Secretary may allow the public display of such a marine 
mammal only if the Secretary determines that such display is 
incidental to the authorized maintenance and will not interfere 
with the attainment of the survival or recovery objectives.
          (5)(A) The Secretary may issue a permit for the 
        importation of polar bear parts (other than internal 
        organs) taken in sport hunts in Canada to an applicant 
        which submits with its permit application proof that 
        the polar bear was legally harvested in Canada by the 
        applicant. Such a permit shall be issued if the 
        Secretary, in consultation with the Marine Mammal 
        Commission and after notice and opportunity for public 
        comment, finds that--
                  (i) Canada has a monitored and enforced sport 
                hunting program consistent with the purposes of 
                the Agreement on the Conservation of Polar 
                Bears;
                  (ii) Canada has a sport hunting program based 
                on scientifically sound quotas ensuring the 
                maintenance of the affected population stock at 
                a sustainable level;
                  (iii) the export and subsequent import are 
                consistent with the provisions of the 
                Convention on International Trade in Endangered 
                Species of Wild Fauna and Flora and other 
                international agreements and conventions; and
                  (iv) the export and subsequent import are not 
                likely to contribute to illegal trade in bear 
                parts.
          (B) The Secretary shall establish and charge a 
        reasonable fee for permits issued under this paragraph. 
        All fees collected under this paragraph shall be 
        available to the Secretary until expended for use in 
        developing and implementing cooperative research and 
        management programs for the conservation of polar bears 
        in Alaska and Russia pursuant to section 113(d).
          (C)(i) The Secretary shall undertake a scientific 
        review of the impact of permits issued under this 
        paragraph on the polar bear population stocks in Canada 
        within 2 years after the date of enactment of this 
        paragraph. The Secretary shall provide an opportunity 
        for public comment during the course of such review, 
        and shall include a response to such public comment in 
        the final report on such review.
          (ii) The Secretary shall not issue permits under this 
        paragraph after September 30, 1996, if the Secretary 
        determines, based on the scientific review, that the 
        issuance of permits under this paragraph is having a 
        significant adverse impact on the polar bear population 
        stocks in Canada. The Secretary may review such 
        determination annually thereafter, in light of the best 
        scientific information available, and shall complete 
        the review not later than January 31 in any year a 
        review is undertaken. The Secretary may issue permits 
        under this paragraph whenever the Secretary determines, 
        on the basis of such annual review, that the issuance 
        of permits under this paragraph is not having a 
        significant adverse impact on the polar bear population 
        stocks in Canada.
  [(D) The Secretary of the Interior shall, expeditiously after 
the expiration of the applicable 30 day period under subsection 
(d)(2), issue a permit for the importation of polar bear parts 
(other than internal organs) from polar bears taken in sport 
hunts in Canada before the date of enactment of the Marine 
Mammal Protection Act Amendments of 1994, to each applicant who 
submits, with the permit application, proof that the polar bear 
was legally harvested in Canada by the applicant. The Secretary 
shall issue such permits without regard to the provisions of 
subparagraphs (A) and (C)(ii) of this paragraph, subsection 
(d)(3) of this section, and sections 101 and 102. This 
subparagraph shall not apply to polar bear parts that were 
imported before the effective date of this subparagraph.]
          (D)(i) The Secretary of the Interior shall, 
        expeditiously after the expiration of the applicable 
        30-day period under subsection (d)(2), issue a permit 
        for the importation of any polar bear part (other than 
        an internal organ) from a polar bear taken in a sport 
        hunt in Canada to any person--
                  (I) who submits, with the permit application, 
                proof that the polar bear was legally harvested 
                by the person before February 18, 1997; or
                  (II) who has submitted, in support of a 
                permit application submitted before May 15, 
                2008, proof that the polar bear was legally 
                harvested by the person before May 15, 2008, 
                from a polar bear population from which a 
                sport-hunted trophy could be imported before 
                that date in accordance with section 18.30(i) 
                of title 50, Code of Federal Regulations.
          (ii) The Secretary shall issue permits under clause 
        (i)(I) without regard to subparagraphs (A) and (C)(ii) 
        of this paragraph, subsection (d)(3), and sections 101 
        and 102. Sections 101(a)(3)(B) and 102(b)(3) shall not 
        apply to the importation of any polar bear part 
        authorized by a permit issued under clause (i)(I). This 
        clause shall not apply to polar bear parts that were 
        imported before June 12, 1997.
          (iii) The Secretary shall issue permits under clause 
        (i)(II) without regard to subparagraph (C)(ii) of this 
        paragraph or subsection (d)(3). Sections 101(a)(3)(B) 
        and 102(b)(3) shall not apply to the importation of any 
        polar bear part authorized by a permit issued under 
        clause (i)(II). This clause shall not apply to polar 
        bear parts that were imported before the date of 
        enactment of the Polar Bear Conservation and Fairness 
        Act of 2015.
          (6) A permit may be issued for photography for 
        educational or commercial purposes involving marine 
        mammals in the wild only to an applicant which submits 
        with its permit application information indicating that 
        the taking will be limited to Level B harassment, and 
        the manner in which the products of such activities 
        will be made available to the public.
          (7) Upon request by a person for a permit under 
        paragraph (2), (3), or (4) for a marine mammal which is 
        in the possession of any person authorized to possess 
        it under this Act and which is determined under 
        guidance under section 402(a) not to be releasable to 
        the wild, the Secretary shall issue the permit to the 
        person requesting the permit if that person--
                  (A) meets the requirements of clauses (i), 
                (ii), and (iii) of paragraph (2)(A), in the 
                case of a request for a permit under paragraph 
                (2);
                  (B) meets the requirements of paragraph (3), 
                in the case of a request for a permit under 
                that paragraph; or
                  (C) meets the requirements of paragraph (4), 
                in the case of a request for a permit under 
                that paragraph.
          (8)(A) No additional permit or authorization shall be 
        required to possess, sell, purchase, transport, export, 
        or offer to sell or purchase the progeny of marine 
        mammals taken or imported under this subsection, if 
        such possession, sale, purchase, transport, export, or 
        offer to sell or purchase is--
                  (i) for the purpose of public display, and by 
                or to, respectively, a person which meets the 
                requirements of clauses (i), (ii), and (iii) of 
                paragraph (2)(A);
                  (ii) for the purpose of scientific research, 
                and by or to, respectively, a person which 
                meets the requirements of paragraph (3); or
                  (iii) for the purpose of enhancing the 
                survival or recovery of a species or stock, and 
                by or to, respectively, a person which meets 
                the requirements of paragraph (4).
          (B)(i) A person which has a permit under paragraph 
        (2), or a person exercising rights under paragraph 
        (2)(C), which has possession of a marine mammal that 
        gives birth to progeny shall--
                  (I) notify the Secretary of the birth of such 
                progeny within 30 days after the date of birth; 
                and
                  (II) notify the Secretary of the sale, 
                purchase, or transport of such progeny no later 
                than 15 days before such action.
          (ii) The Secretary may only require notification 
        under clause (i) to include the information required 
        for the inventory established under paragraph (10).
          (C) Any progeny of a marine mammal born in captivity 
        before the date of the enactment of the Marine Mammal 
        Protection Act Amendments of 1994 and held in captivity 
        for the purpose of public display shall be treated as 
        though born after that date of enactment.
          (9) No marine mammal may be exported for the purpose 
        of public display, scientific research, or enhancing 
        the survival or recovery of a species or stock unless 
        the receiving facility meets standards that are 
        comparable to the requirements that a person must meet 
        to receive a permit under this subsection for that 
        purpose.
          (10) The Secretary shall establish and maintain an 
        inventory of all marine mammals possessed pursuant to 
        permits issued under paragraph (2)(A), by persons 
        exercising rights under paragraph (2)(C), and all 
        progeny of such marine mammals. The inventory shall 
        contain, for each marine mammal, only the following 
        information which shall be provided by a person holding 
        a marine mammal under this Act:
                  (A) The name of the marine mammal or other 
                identification.
                  (B) The sex of the marine mammal.
                  (C) The estimated or actual birth date of the 
                marine mammal.
                  (D) The date of acquisition or disposition of 
                the marine mammal by the permit holder.
                  (E) The source from whom the marine mammal 
                was acquired including the location of the take 
                from the wild, if applicable.
                  (F) If the marine mammal is transferred, the 
                name of the recipient.
                  (G) A notation if the animal was acquired as 
                the result of a stranding.
                  (H) The date of death of the marine mammal 
                and the cause of death when determined.
  (d)(1) The Secretary shall prescribe such procedures as are 
necessary to carry out this section, including the form and 
manner in which application for permits may be made.
  (2) The Secretary shall publish notice in the Federal 
Register of each application made for a permit under this 
section. Such notice shall invite the submission from 
interested parties, within thirty days after the date of the 
notice, of written data or views, with respect to the taking or 
importation proposed in such application.
  (3) The applicant for any permit under this section must 
demonstrate to the Secretary that the taking or importation of 
any marine mammal under such permit will be consistent with the 
purposes of this Act and the applicable regulations established 
under section 103 of this title.
  (4) If within thirty days after the date of publication of 
notice pursuant to paragraph (2) of this subsection with 
respect to any application for a permit any interested party or 
parties request a hearing in connection therewith, the 
Secretary may, within sixty days following such date of 
publication, afford to such party or parties an opportunity for 
such a hearing.
  (5) As soon as practicable (but not later than thirty days) 
after the close of the hearing or, if no hearing is held, after 
the last day on which data, or views, may be submitted pursuant 
to paragraph (2) of this subsection, the Secretary shall (A) 
issue a permit containing such terms and conditions as he deems 
appropriate, or (B) shall deny issuance of a permit. Notice of 
the decision of the Secretary to issue or to deny any permit 
under this paragraph must be published in the Federal Register 
within ten days after the date of issuance or denial.
  (6) Any applicant for a permit, or any party opposed to such 
permit, may obtain judicial review of the terms and conditions 
of any permit issued by the Secretary under this section or of 
his refusal to issue such a permit. Such review, which shall be 
pursuant to chapter 7 of Title 5, United States Code, may be 
initiated by filing a petition for review in the United States 
district court for the district wherein the applicant for a 
permit resides, or has his principal place of business, or in 
the United States District Court for the District of Columbia, 
within sixty days after the date on which such permit is issued 
or denied.
  (e)(1) The Secretary may modify, suspend, or revoke in whole 
or part any permit issued by him under this section--
          (A) in order to make any such permit consistent with 
        any change made after the date of issuance of such 
        permit with respect to any applicable regulation 
        prescribed under section 103 of this title,
          (B) in any case in which a violation of the terms and 
        conditions of the permit is found, or
          (C) if, in the case of a permit under subsection 
        (c)(5) authorizing importation of polar bear parts, the 
        Secretary, in consultation with the appropriate 
        authority in Canada, determines that the sustainability 
        of Canada's polar bear population stocks are being 
        adversely affected or that sport hunting may be having 
        a detrimental effect on maintaining polar bear 
        population stocks throughout their range.
  (2) Whenever the Secretary shall propose any modification, 
suspension, or revocation of a permit under this subsection, 
the permittee shall be afforded opportunity, after due notice, 
for a hearing by the Secretary with respect to such proposed 
modification, suspension, or revocation. Such proposed action 
by the Secretary shall not take effect until a decision is 
issued by him after such hearing. Any action taken by the 
Secretary after such a hearing is subject to judicial review on 
the same basis as is any action taken by him with respect to a 
permit application under paragraph (5) of subsection (d) of 
this section.
  (3) Notice of the modification, suspension, or revocation of 
any permit by the Secretary shall be published in the Federal 
Register within ten days from the date of the Secretary's 
decision.
  (f) Any permit issued under this section must be in the 
possession of the person to whom it is issued (or an agent of 
such person) during--
          (1) the time of the authorized or taking importation;
          (2) the period of any transit of such person or agent 
        which is incident to such taking or importation; and
          (3) any other time while any marine mammal taken or 
        imported under such permit is in the possession of such 
        person or agent.
A duplicate copy of the issued permit must be physically 
attached to the container, package, enclosure, or other means 
of containment, in which the marine mammal is placed for 
purposes of storage, transit, supervision, or care.
  (g) The Secretary shall establish and charge a reasonable fee 
for permits issued under this section.
  (h) General Permits.--
          (1) Consistent with the regulations prescribed 
        pursuant to section 103 of this title and to the 
        requirements of section 101 of this title, the 
        Secretary may issue an annual permit to a United States 
        purse seine fishing vessel for the taking of such 
        marine mammals, and shall issue regulations to cover 
        the use of any such annual permits.
          (2) Such annual permits for the incidental taking of 
        marine mammals in the course of commercial purse seine 
        fishing for yellowfin tuna in the eastern tropical 
        Pacific Ocean shall be governed by section 306 of this 
        Act, subject to the regulations issued pursuant to 
        section 303 of this Act.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

                              ----------                              


                   FISH AND WILDLIFE COORDINATION ACT



           *       *       *       *       *       *       *
SEC. 10. WILDLIFE AND HUNTING HERITAGE CONSERVATION COUNCIL ADVISORY 
                    COMMITTEE.

  (a) Establishment.--There is hereby established the Wildlife 
and Hunting Heritage Conservation Council Advisory Committee 
(in this section referred to as the ``Advisory Committee'') to 
advise the Secretaries of the Interior and Agriculture on 
wildlife and habitat conservation, hunting, and recreational 
shooting.
  (b) Continuance and Abolishment of Existing Wildlife and 
Hunting Heritage Conservation Council.--The Wildlife and 
Hunting Heritage Conservation Council established pursuant to 
section 441 of the Revised Statutes (43 U.S.C. 1457), section 2 
of the Fish and Wildlife Act of 1956 (16 U.S.C. 742a), and 
other Acts applicable to specific bureaus of the Department of 
the Interior--
          (1) shall continue until the date of the first 
        meeting of the Wildlife and Hunting Heritage 
        Conservation Council established by the amendment made 
        by subsection (a); and
          (2) is hereby abolished effective on that date.
  (c) Duties of the Advisory Committee.--The Advisory Committee 
shall advise the Secretaries with regard to--
          (1) implementation of Executive Order No. 13443: 
        Facilitation of Hunting Heritage and Wildlife 
        Conservation, which directs Federal agencies ``to 
        facilitate the expansion and enhancement of hunting 
        opportunities and the management of game species and 
        their habitat'';
          (2) policies or programs to conserve and restore 
        wetlands, agricultural lands, grasslands, forest, and 
        rangeland habitats;
          (3) policies or programs to promote opportunities and 
        access to hunting and shooting sports on Federal lands;
          (4) policies or programs to recruit and retain new 
        hunters and shooters;
          (5) policies or programs that increase public 
        awareness of the importance of wildlife conservation 
        and the social and economic benefits of recreational 
        hunting and shooting; and
          (6) policies or programs that encourage coordination 
        among the public, the hunting and shooting sports 
        community, wildlife conservation groups, and States, 
        tribes, and the Federal Government.
  (d) Membership.--
          (1) Appointment.--
                  (A) In general.--The Advisory Committee shall 
                consist of no more than 16 discretionary 
                members and 7 ex officio members.
                  (B) Ex officio members.--The ex officio 
                members are--
                          (i) the Director of the United States 
                        Fish and Wildlife Service or a 
                        designated representative of the 
                        Director;
                          (ii) the Director of the Bureau of 
                        Land Management or a designated 
                        representative of the Director;
                          (iii) the Director of the National 
                        Park Service or a designated 
                        representative of the Director;
                          (iv) the Chief of the Forest Service 
                        or a designated representative of the 
                        Chief;
                          (v) the Chief of the Natural 
                        Resources Conservation Service or a 
                        designated representative of the Chief;
                          (vi) the Administrator of the Farm 
                        Service Agency or a designated 
                        representative of the Administrator; 
                        and
                          (vii) the Executive Director of the 
                        Association of Fish and Wildlife 
                        Agencies.
                  (C) Discretionary members.--The discretionary 
                members shall be appointed jointly by the 
                Secretaries from at least one of each of the 
                following:
                          (i) State fish and wildlife agencies.
                          (ii) Game bird hunting organizations.
                          (iii) Wildlife conservation 
                        organizations.
                          (iv) Big game hunting organizations.
                          (v) Waterfowl hunting organizations.
                          (vi) The tourism, outfitter, or 
                        guiding industry.
                          (vii) The firearms or ammunition 
                        manufacturing industry.
                          (viii) The hunting or shooting 
                        equipment retail industry.
                          (ix) Tribal resource management 
                        organizations.
                          (x) The agriculture industry.
                          (xi) The ranching industry.
                          (xii) Women's hunting and fishing 
                        advocacy, outreach, or education 
                        organization.
                          (xiii) Minority hunting and fishing 
                        advocacy, outreach, or education 
                        organization.
                          (xiv) Veterans service organization.
                  (D) Eligibility.--Prior to the appointment of 
                the discretionary members, the Secretaries 
                shall determine that all individuals nominated 
                for appointment to the Advisory Committee, and 
                the organization each individual represents, 
                actively support and promote sustainable-use 
                hunting, wildlife conservation, and 
                recreational shooting.
          (2) Terms.--
                  (A) In general.--Except as provided in 
                subparagraph (B), members of the Advisory 
                Committee shall be appointed for a term of 4 
                years. Members shall not be appointed for more 
                than 3 consecutive or nonconsecutive terms.
                  (B) Terms of initial appointees.--As 
                designated by the Secretary at the time of 
                appointment, of the members first appointed--
                          (i) 6 members shall be appointed for 
                        a term of 4 years;
                          (ii) 5 members shall be appointed for 
                        a term of 3 years; and
                          (iii) 5 members shall be appointed 
                        for a term of 2 years.
          (3) Preservation of public advisory status.--No 
        individual may be appointed as a discretionary member 
        of the Advisory Committee while serving as an officer 
        or employee of the Federal Government.
          (4) Vacancy and removal.--
                  (A) In general.--Any vacancy on the Advisory 
                Committee shall be filled in the manner in 
                which the original appointment was made.
                  (B) Removal.--Advisory Committee members 
                shall serve at the discretion of the 
                Secretaries and may be removed at any time for 
                good cause.
          (5) Continuation of service.--Each appointed member 
        may continue to serve after the expiration of the term 
        of office to which such member was appointed until a 
        successor has been appointed.
          (6) Chairperson.--The Chairperson of the Advisory 
        Committee shall be appointed for a 3-year term by the 
        Secretaries, jointly, from among the members of the 
        Advisory Committee. An individual may not be appointed 
        as Chairperson for more than 2 consecutive or 
        nonconsecutive terms.
          (7) Pay and expenses.--Members of the Advisory 
        Committee shall serve without pay for such service, but 
        each member of the Advisory Committee may be reimbursed 
        for travel and lodging incurred through attending 
        meetings of the Advisory Committee approved subgroup 
        meetings in the same amounts and under the same 
        conditions as Federal employees (in accordance with 
        section 5703 of title 5, United States Code).
          (8) Meetings.--
                  (A) In general.--The Advisory Committee shall 
                meet at the call of the Secretaries, the 
                chairperson, or a majority of the members, but 
                not less frequently than twice annually.
                  (B) Open meetings.--Each meeting of the 
                Advisory Committee shall be open to the public.
                  (C) Prior notice of meetings.--Timely notice 
                of each meeting of the Advisory Committee shall 
                be published in the Federal Register and be 
                submitted to trade publications and 
                publications of general circulation.
                  (D) Subgroups.--The Advisory Committee may 
                establish such workgroups or subgroups as it 
                deems necessary for the purpose of compiling 
                information or conducting research. However, 
                such workgroups may not conduct business 
                without the direction of the Advisory Committee 
                and must report in full to the Advisory 
                Committee.
          (9) Quorum.--Nine members of the Advisory Committee 
        shall constitute a quorum.
  (e) Expenses.--The expenses of the Advisory Committee that 
the Secretaries determine to be reasonable and appropriate 
shall be paid by the Secretaries.
  (f) Administrative Support, Technical Services, and Advice.--
A designated Federal Officer shall be jointly appointed by the 
Secretaries to provide to the Advisory Committee the 
administrative support, technical services, and advice that the 
Secretaries determine to be reasonable and appropriate.
  (g) Annual Report.--
          (1) Required.--Not later than September 30 of each 
        year, the Advisory Committee shall submit a report to 
        the Secretaries, the Committee on Natural Resources and 
        the Committee on Agriculture of the House of 
        Representatives, and the Committee on Energy and 
        Natural Resources and the Committee on Agriculture, 
        Nutrition, and Forestry of the Senate. If circumstances 
        arise in which the Advisory Committee cannot meet the 
        September 30 deadline in any year, the Secretaries 
        shall advise the Chairpersons of each such Committee of 
        the reasons for such delay and the date on which the 
        submission of the report is anticipated.
          (2) Contents.--The report required by paragraph (1) 
        shall describe--
                  (A) the activities of the Advisory Committee 
                during the preceding year;
                  (B) the reports and recommendations made by 
                the Advisory Committee to the Secretaries 
                during the preceding year; and
                  (C) an accounting of actions taken by the 
                Secretaries as a result of the recommendations.
  (h) Federal Advisory Committee Act.--The Advisory Committee 
shall be exempt from the Federal Advisory Committee Act (5 
U.S.C. App.).
                              ----------                              


       NATIONAL WILDLIFE REFUGE SYSTEM ADMINISTRATION ACT OF 1966



           *       *       *       *       *       *       *
  Sec. 4. (a)(1) For the purpose of consolidating the 
authorities relating to the various categories of areas that 
are administered by the Secretary for the conservation of fish 
and wildlife, including species that are threatened with 
extinction, all lands, waters, and interests therein 
administered by the Secretary as wildlife refuges, areas for 
the protection and conservation of fish and wildlife that are 
threatened with extinction, wildlife ranges, game ranges, 
wildlife management areas, or waterfowl production areas are 
hereby designated as the ``National Wildlife Refuge System'' 
(referred to herein as the ``System''), which shall be subject 
to the provisions of this section, and shall be administered by 
the Secretary through the United States Fish and Wildlife 
Service. With respect to refuge lands in the State of Alaska, 
those programs relating to the management of resources for 
which any other agency of the Federal Government exercises 
administrative responsibility through cooperative agreement 
shall remain in effect, subject to the direct supervision of 
the United States Fish and Wildlife Service, as long as such 
agency agrees to exercise such responsibility.
  (2) The mission of the System is to administer a national 
network of lands and waters for the conservation, management, 
and where appropriate, restoration of the fish, wildlife, and 
plant resources and their habitats within the United States for 
the benefit of present and future generations of Americans.
  (3) With respect to the System, it is the policy of the 
United States that--
          (A) each refuge shall be managed to fulfill the 
        mission of the System, as well as the specific purposes 
        for which that refuge was established;
          (B) compatible wildlife-dependent recreation is a 
        legitimate and appropriate general public use of the 
        System, directly related to the mission of the System 
        and the purposes of many refuges, and which generally 
        fosters refuge management and through which the 
        American public can develop an appreciation for fish 
        and wildlife;
          (C) the Secretary shall integrate wildlife-dependent 
        recreational uses in accordance with their status as 
        priority general public uses into proposed or existing 
        regulations, policies, criteria, plans, or other 
        activities to alter or amend the manner in which 
        individual refuges or the National Wildlife Refuge 
        System (System) are managed, including, but not limited 
        to, any activities which target or prioritize criteria 
        for long and short term System acquisitions;
          [(C)] (D) compatible wildlife-dependent recreational 
        uses are the priority general public uses of the System 
        and shall receive priority consideration in refuge 
        planning and management; and
          [(D)] (E) when the Secretary determines that a 
        proposed wildlife-dependent recreational use is a 
        compatible use within a refuge, that activity should be 
        facilitated, subject to such restrictions or 
        regulations as may be necessary, reasonable, and 
        appropriate.
  (4) In administering the System, the Secretary shall--
          (A) provide for the conservation of fish, wildlife, 
        and plants, and their habitats within the System;
          (B) ensure that the biological integrity, diversity, 
        and environmental health of the System are maintained 
        for the benefit of present and future generations of 
        Americans;
          (C) plan and direct the continued growth of the 
        System in a manner that is best designed to accomplish 
        the mission of the System, to contribute to the 
        conservation of the ecosystems of the United States, to 
        complement efforts of States and other Federal agencies 
        to conserve fish and wildlife and their habitats, and 
        to increase support for the System and participation 
        from conservation partners and the public;
          (D) ensure that the mission of the System described 
        in paragraph (2) and the purposes of each refuge are 
        carried out, except that if a conflict exists between 
        the purposes of a refuge and the mission of the System, 
        the conflict shall be resolved in a manner that first 
        protects the purposes of the refuge, and, to the extent 
        practicable, that also achieves the mission of the 
        System;
          (E) ensure effective coordination, interaction, and 
        cooperation with owners of land adjoining refuges and 
        the fish and wildlife agency of the States in which the 
        units of the System are located;
          (F) assist in the maintenance of adequate water 
        quantity and water quality to fulfill the mission of 
        the System and the purposes of each refuge;
          (G) acquire, under State law, water rights that are 
        needed for refuge purposes;
          (H) recognize compatible wildlife-dependent 
        recreational uses as the priority general public uses 
        of the System through which the American public can 
        develop an appreciation for fish and wildlife;
          (I) ensure that opportunities are provided within the 
        System for compatible wildlife-dependent recreational 
        uses;
          (J) ensure that priority general public uses of the 
        System receive enhanced consideration over other 
        general public uses in planning and management within 
        the System;
          (K) provide increased opportunities for families to 
        experience compatible wildlife-dependent recreation, 
        particularly opportunities for parents and their 
        children to safely engage in traditional outdoor 
        activities, such as fishing and hunting;
          (L) continue, consistent with existing laws and 
        interagency agreements, authorized or permitted uses of 
        units of the System by other Federal agencies, 
        including those necessary to facilitate military 
        preparedness;
          (M) ensure timely and effective cooperation and 
        collaboration with Federal agencies and State fish and 
        wildlife agencies during the course of acquiring and 
        managing refuges; and
          (N) monitor the status and trends of fish, wildlife, 
        and plants in each refuge.
  (5) No acquired lands which are or become a part of the 
System may be transferred or otherwise disposed of under any 
provision of law (except by exchange pursuant to subsection 
(b)(3) of this section) unless--
          (A) the Secretary determines with the approval of the 
        Migratory Bird Conservation Commission that such lands 
        are no longer needed for the purposes for which the 
        System was established; and
          (B) such lands are transferred or otherwise disposed 
        of for an amount not less than--
                  (i) the acquisition costs of such lands, in 
                the case of lands of the system which were 
                purchased by the United States with funds from 
                the migratory bird conservation fund, or fair 
                market value, whichever is greater; or
                  (ii) the fair market value of such lands (as 
                determined by the Secretary as of the date of 
                the transfer or disposal), in the case of lands 
                of the System which were donated to the System.
The Secretary shall pay into the migratory bird conservation 
fund the aggregate amount of the proceeds of any transfer or 
disposal referred to in the preceding sentence.
  (6) Each area which is included within the System on January 
1, 1975, or thereafter, and which was or is--
          (A) designated as an area within such System by law, 
        Executive order, or secretarial order; or
          (B) so included by public land withdrawal, donation, 
        purchase, exchange, or pursuant to a cooperative 
        agreement with any State or local government, any 
        Federal department or agency, or any other governmental 
        entity,
shall continue to be a part of the System until otherwise 
specified by Act of Congress, except that nothing in this 
paragraph shall be construed as precluding--
                  (i) the transfer or disposal of acquired 
                lands within any such area pursuant to 
                paragraph (5) of this subsection;
                  (ii) the exchange of lands within any such 
                area pursuant to subsection (b)(3) of this 
                section; or
                  (iii) the disposal of any lands within any 
                such area pursuant to the terms of any 
                cooperative agreement referred to in 
                subparagraph (B) of this paragraph.
  (b) In administering the System, the Secretary is authorized 
to take the following actions:
          (1) Enter into contracts with any person or public or 
        private agency through negotiation for the provision of 
        public accommodations when, and in such locations, and 
        to the extent that the Secretary determines will not be 
        inconsistent with the primary purpose for which the 
        affected area was established.
          (2) Accept donations of funds and to use such funds 
        to acquire or manage lands or interests therein.
          (3) Acquire lands or interests therein by exchange 
        (A) for acquired lands or public lands, or for 
        interests in acquired or public lands, under his 
        jurisdiction which he finds to be suitable for 
        disposition, or (B) for the right to remove, in 
        accordance with such terms and conditions as he may 
        prescribe, products from the acquired or public lands 
        within the System. The values of the properties so 
        exchanged either shall be approximately equal, or if 
        they are not approximately equal the values shall be 
        equalized by the payment of cash to the grantor or to 
        the Secretary as the circumstances require.
          (4) Subject to standards established by and the 
        overall management oversight of the Director, and 
        consistent with standards established by this Act, to 
        enter into cooperative agreements with State fish and 
        wildlife agencies for the management of programs on a 
        refuge.
          (5) Issue regulations to carry out this Act.
  (c) No person shall disturb, injure, cut, burn, remove, 
destroy, or possess any real or personal property of the United 
States, including natural growth, in any area of the System; or 
take or possess any fish, bird, mammal, or other wild 
vertebrate or invertebrate animals or part or nest or egg 
thereof within any such area; or enter, use, or otherwise 
occupy any such area for any purpose; unless such activities 
are performed by persons authorized to manage such area, or 
unless such activities are permitted either under subsection 
(d) of this section or by express provision of the law, 
proclamation, Executive order, or public land order 
establishing the area, or amendment thereof: Provided, That the 
United States mining and mineral leasing laws shall continue to 
apply to any lands within the System to the same extent they 
apply prior to the effective date of this Act unless 
subsequently withdrawn under other authority of law. With the 
exception of endangered species and threatened species listed 
by the Secretary pursuant to section 4 of the Endangered 
Species Act of 1973 in States wherein a cooperative agreement 
does not exist pursuant to section 6(c) of that Act, nothing in 
this Act shall be construed to authorize the Secretary to 
control or regulate hunting or fishing of resident fish and 
wildlife on lands not within the system. The regulations 
permitting hunting and fishing of resident fish and wildlife 
within the System shall be, to the extent practicable, 
consistent with State fish and wildlife laws and regulations.
  (d)(1) The Secretary is authorized, under such regulations as 
he may prescribe, to--
          (A) permit the use of any area within the System for 
        any purpose, including but not limited to hunting, 
        fishing, public recreation and accommodations, and 
        access whenever he determines that such uses are 
        compatible with the major purposes for which such areas 
        were established: Provided, That not to exceed 40 per 
        centum at any one time of any area that has been, or 
        hereafter may be acquired, reserved, or set apart as an 
        inviolate sanctuary for migratory birds, under any law, 
        proclamation, Executive order, or public land order may 
        be administered by the Secretary as an area within 
        which the taking of migratory game birds may be 
        permitted under such regulations as he may prescribe 
        unless the Secretary finds that the taking of any 
        species of migratory game birds in more than 40 percent 
        of such area would be beneficial to the species; and
          (B) permit the use of, or grant easements in, over, 
        across, upon, through, or under any areas within the 
        System for purposes such as but not necessarily limited 
        to, powerlines, telephone lines, canals, ditches, 
        pipelines, and roads, including the construction, 
        operation, and maintenance thereof, whenever he 
        determines that such uses are compatible with the 
        purposes for which these areas are established.
  (2) Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the Secretary 
may not grant to any Federal, State, or local agency or to any 
private individual or organization any right-of-way, easement, 
or reservation in, over, across, through, or under any area 
within the system in connection with any use permitted by him 
under paragraph (1)(B) of this subsection unless the grantee 
pays to the Secretary, at the option of the Secretary, either 
(A) in lump sum the fair market value (determined by the 
Secretary as of the date of conveyance to the grantee) of the 
right-of-way, easement, or reservation; or (B) annually in 
advance the fair market rental value (determined by the 
Secretary) of the right-of-way, easement, or reservation. If 
any Federal, State, or local agency is exempted from such 
payment by any other provision of Federal law, such agency 
shall otherwise compensate the Secretary by any other means 
agreeable to the Secretary, including, but not limited to, 
making other land available or the loan of equipment or 
personnel; except that (A) any such compensation shall relate 
to, and be consistent with, the objectives of the National 
Wildlife Refuge System, and (B) the Secretary may waive such 
requirement for compensation if he finds such requirement 
impracticable or unnecessary. All sums received by the 
Secretary pursuant to this paragraph shall, after payment of 
any necessary expenses incurred by him in administering this 
paragraph, be deposited into the Migratory Bird Conservation 
Fund and shall be available to carry out the provisions for 
land acquisition of the Migratory Bird Conservation Act (16 
U.S.C. 715 et seq.) and the Migratory Bird Hunting Stamp Act 
(16 U.S.C. 718 et seq.).
  (3)(A)(i) Except as provided in clause (iv), the Secretary 
shall not initiate or permit a new use of a refuge or expand, 
renew, or extend an existing use of a refuge, unless the 
Secretary has determined that the use is a compatible use and 
that the use is not inconsistent with public safety. The 
Secretary may make the determinations referred to in this 
paragraph for a refuge concurrently with development of a 
conservation plan under subsection (e).
  (ii) On lands added to the System after March 25, 1996, the 
Secretary shall identify, prior to acquisition, withdrawal, 
transfer, reclassification, or donation of any such lands, 
existing compatible wildlife-dependent recreational uses that 
the Secretary determines shall be permitted to continue on an 
interim basis pending completion of the comprehensive 
conservation plan for the refuge.
  (iii) Wildlife-dependent recreational uses may be authorized 
on a refuge when they are compatible and not inconsistent with 
public safety. Except for consideration of consistency with 
State laws and regulations as provided for in subsection (m), 
no other determinations or findings are required to be made by 
the refuge official under this Act or the Refuge Recreation Act 
for wildlife-dependent recreation to occur.
  (iv) Compatibility determinations in existence on the date of 
enactment of the National Wildlife Refuge System Improvement 
Act of 1997 shall remain in effect until and unless modified.
  (B) Not later than 24 months after the date of the enactment 
of the National Wildlife Refuge System Improvement Act of 1997, 
the Secretary shall issue final regulations establishing the 
process for determining under subparagraph (A) whether a use of 
a refuge is a compatible use. These regulations shall--
          (i) designate the refuge official responsible for 
        making initial compatibility determinations;
          (ii) require an estimate of the timeframe, location, 
        manner, and purpose of each use;
          (iii) identify the effects of each use on refuge 
        resources and purposes of each refuge;
          (iv) require that compatibility determinations be 
        made in writing;
          (v) provide for the expedited consideration of uses 
        that will likely have no detrimental effect on the 
        fulfillment of the purposes of a refuge or the mission 
        of the System;
          (vi) provide for the elimination or modification of 
        any use as expeditiously as practicable after a 
        determination is made that the use is not a compatible 
        use;
          (vii) require, after an opportunity for public 
        comment, reevaluation of each existing use, other than 
        those uses specified in clause (viii), if conditions 
        under which the use is permitted change significantly 
        or if there is significant new information regarding 
        the effects of the use, but not less frequently than 
        once every 10 years, to ensure that the use remains a 
        compatible use, except that, in the case of any use 
        authorized for a period longer than 10 years (such as 
        an electric utility right-of-way), the reevaluation 
        required by this clause shall examine compliance with 
        the terms and conditions of the authorization, not 
        examine the authorization itself;
          (viii) require, after an opportunity for public 
        comment, reevaluation of each compatible wildlife-
        dependent recreational use when conditions under which 
        the use is permitted change significantly or if there 
        is significant new information regarding the effects of 
        the use, but not less frequently than in conjunction 
        with each preparation or revision of a conservation 
        plan under subsection (e) or at least every 15 years, 
        whichever is earlier; and
          (ix) provide an opportunity for public review and 
        comment on each evaluation of a use, unless an 
        opportunity for public review and comment on the 
        evaluation of the use has already been provided during 
        the development or revision of a conservation plan for 
        the refuge under subsection (e) or has otherwise been 
        provided during routine, periodic determinations of 
        compatibility for wildlife-dependent recreational uses.
  (4) The provisions of this Act relating to determinations of 
the compatibility of a use shall not apply to--
          (A) overflights above a refuge; and
          (B) activities authorized, funded, or conducted by a 
        Federal agency (other than the United States Fish and 
        Wildlife Service) which has primary jurisdiction over a 
        refuge or a portion of a refuge, if the management of 
        those activities is in accordance with a memorandum of 
        understanding between the Secretary or the Director and 
        the head of the Federal agency with primary 
        jurisdiction over the refuge governing the use of the 
        refuge.
  (e)(1)(A) Except with respect to refuge lands in Alaska 
(which shall be governed by the refuge planning provisions of 
the Alaska National Interest Lands Conservation Act (16 U.S.C. 
3101 et seq.)), the Secretary shall--
          (i) propose a comprehensive conservation plan for 
        each refuge or related complex of refuges (referred to 
        in this subsection as a ``planning unit'') in the 
        System;
          (ii) publish a notice of opportunity for public 
        comment in the Federal Register on each proposed 
        conservation plan;
          (iii) issue a final conservation plan for each 
        planning unit consistent with the provisions of this 
        Act and, to the extent practicable, consistent with 
        fish and wildlife conservation plans of the State in 
        which the refuge is located; and
          (iv) not less frequently than 15 years after the date 
        of issuance of a conservation plan under clause (iii) 
        and every 15 years thereafter, revise the conservation 
        plan as may be necessary.
  (B) The Secretary shall prepare a comprehensive conservation 
plan under this subsection for each refuge within 15 years 
after the date of enactment of the National Wildlife Refuge 
System Improvement Act of 1997.
  (C) The Secretary shall manage each refuge or planning unit 
under plans in effect on the date of enactment of the National 
Wildlife Refuge System Improvement Act of 1997, to the extent 
such plans are consistent with this Act, until such plans are 
revised or superseded by new comprehensive conservation plans 
issued under this subsection.
  (D) Uses or activities consistent with this Act may occur on 
any refuge or planning unit before existing plans are revised 
or new comprehensive conservation plans are issued under this 
subsection.
  (E) Upon completion of a comprehensive conservation plan 
under this subsection for a refuge or planning unit, the 
Secretary shall manage the refuge or planning unit in a manner 
consistent with the plan and shall revise the plan at any time 
if the Secretary determines that conditions that affect the 
refuge or planning unit have changed significantly.
  (2) In developing each comprehensive conservation plan under 
this subsection for a planning unit, the Secretary, acting 
through the Director, shall identify and describe--
          (A) the purposes of each refuge comprising the 
        planning unit;
          (B) the distribution, migration patterns, and 
        abundance of fish, wildlife, and plant populations and 
        related habitats within the planning unit;
          (C) the archaeological and cultural values of the 
        planning unit;
          (D) such areas within the planning unit that are 
        suitable for use as administrative sites or visitor 
        facilities;
          (E) significant problems that may adversely affect 
        the populations and habitats of fish, wildlife, and 
        plants within the planning unit and the actions 
        necessary to correct or mitigate such problems; and
          (F) opportunities for compatible wildlife-dependent 
        recreational uses.
  (3) In preparing each comprehensive conservation plan under 
this subsection, and any revision to such a plan, the 
Secretary, acting through the Director, shall, to the maximum 
extent practicable and consistent with this Act--
          (A) consult with adjoining Federal, State, local, and 
        private landowners and affected State conservation 
        agencies; and
          (B) coordinate the development of the conservation 
        plan or revision with relevant State conservation plans 
        for fish and wildlife and their habitats.
  (4)(A) In accordance with subparagraph (B), the Secretary 
shall develop and implement a process to ensure an opportunity 
for active public involvement in the preparation and revision 
of comprehensive conservation plans under this subsection. At a 
minimum, the Secretary shall require that publication of any 
final plan shall include a summary of the comments made by 
States, owners of adjacent or potentially affected land, local 
governments, and any other affected persons, and a statement of 
the disposition of concerns expressed in those comments.
  (B) Prior to the adoption of each comprehensive conservation 
plan under this subsection, the Secretary shall issue public 
notice of the draft proposed plan, make copies of the plan 
available at the affected field and regional offices of the 
United States Fish and Wildlife Service, and provide 
opportunity for public comment.
  (f) Penalties.--
          (1) Knowing violations.--Any person who knowingly 
        violates or fails to comply with any of the provisions 
        of this Act or any regulations issued thereunder shall 
        be fined under title 18, United States Code, or 
        imprisoned for not more than 1 year, or both.
          (2) Other violations.--Any person who otherwise 
        violates or fails to comply with any of the provisions 
        of this Act (including a regulation issued under this 
        Act) shall be fined under title 18, United States Code, 
        or imprisoned not more than 180 days, or both.
  (g) Any person authorized by the Secretary to enforce the 
provisions of this Act or any regulations issued thereunder, 
may, without a warrant, arrest any person violating this Act or 
regulations in his presence or view, and may execute any 
warrant or other process issued by an officer or court of 
competent jurisdiction to enforce the provisions of this Act or 
regulations, and may with a search warrant search for and seize 
any property, fish, bird, mammal, or other wild vertebrate or 
invertebrate animals or part or nest or egg thereof, taken or 
possessed in violation of this Act or the regulations issued 
thereunder. Any property, fish, bird, mammal, or other wild 
vertebrate or invertebrate animals or part or egg thereof 
seized with or without a search warrant shall be held by such 
person or by a United States marshal, and upon conviction, 
shall be forfeited to the United States and disposed of by the 
Secretary, in accordance with law. The Director of the United 
States Fish and Wildlife Service is authorized to utilize by 
agreement, with or without reimbursement, the personnel and 
services of any other Federal or State agency for purposes of 
enhancing the enforcement of this Act.
  (h) Regulations applicable to areas of the System that are in 
effect on the date of enactment of this Act shall continue in 
effect until modified or rescinded.
  (i) Nothing in this section shall be construed to amend, 
repeal, or otherwise modify the provision of the Act of 
September 28, 1962 (76 Stat. 653; 16 U.S.C. 460K--460K-4) which 
authorizes the Secretary to administer the areas within the 
System for public recreation. The provisions of this section 
relating to recreation shall be administered in accordance with 
the provisions of said Act.
  (j) Nothing in this Act shall constitute an express or 
implied claim or denial on the part of the Federal Government 
as to exemption from State water laws.
  (k) Notwithstanding any other provision of this Act, the 
Secretary may temporarily suspend, allow, or initiate any 
activity in a refuge in the System if the Secretary determines 
it is necessary to protect the health and safety of the public 
or any fish or wildlife population.
  (l) Nothing in this Act shall be construed to authorize the 
Secretary to control or regulate hunting or fishing of fish and 
resident wildlife on lands or waters that are not within the 
System.
  (m) Nothing in this Act shall be construed as affecting the 
authority, jurisdiction, or responsibility of the several 
States to manage, control, or regulate fish and resident 
wildlife under State law or regulations in any area within the 
System. Regulations permitting hunting or fishing of fish and 
resident wildlife within the System shall be, to the extent 
practicable, consistent with State fish and wildlife laws, 
regulations, and management plans.
  (n)(1) Nothing in this Act shall--
          (A) create a reserved water right, express or 
        implied, in the United States for any purpose;
          (B) affect any water right in existence on the date 
        of enactment of the National Wildlife Refuge System 
        Improvement Act of 1997; or
          (C) affect any Federal or State law in existence on 
        the date of the enactment of the National Wildlife 
        Refuge System Improvement Act of 1997 regarding water 
        quality or water quantity.
  (2) Nothing in this Act shall diminish or affect the ability 
to join the United States in the adjudication of rights to the 
use of water pursuant to the McCarran Act (43 U.S.C. 666).
  (o) Coordination with State fish and wildlife agency 
personnel or with personnel of other affected State agencies 
pursuant to this Act shall not be subject to the Federal 
Advisory Committee Act (5 U.S.C. App.).

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

                              ----------                              


                       MIGRATORY BIRD TREATY ACT



           *       *       *       *       *       *       *
  Sec. 3. (a) That subject to the provisions and in order to 
carry out the purposes of the conventions, the Secretary of 
Agriculture is authorized and directed, from time to time, 
having due regard to the zones of temperature and to the 
distribution, abundance, economic value, breeding habits, and 
times and lines of migratory flight of such birds, to determine 
when, to what extent, if at all, and by what means, it is 
compatible with the terms of the conventions to allow hunting, 
taking, capture, killing, possession, sale, purchase, shipment, 
transportation, carriage, or export of any such bird, or any 
part, nest, or egg thereof, and to adopt suitable regulations 
permitting and governing the same, in accordance with such 
determinations, which regulations shall become effective when 
approved by the President.
  [(b) It shall be unlawful for any person to--
          [(1) take any migratory game bird by the aid of 
        baiting, or on or over any baited area, if the person 
        knows or reasonably should know that the area is a 
        baited area; or
          [(2) place or direct the placement of bait on or 
        adjacent to an area for the purpose of causing, 
        inducing, or allowing any person to take or attempt to 
        take any migratory game bird by the aid of baiting on 
        or over the baited area.]
  (b) Prohibition of Baiting.--
          (1) Definitions.--In this subsection:
                  (A) Baited area.--
                          (i) In general.--The term ``baited 
                        area'' means--
                                  (I) any area on which salt, 
                                grain, or other feed has been 
                                placed, exposed, deposited, 
                                distributed, or scattered, if 
                                the salt, grain, or feed could 
                                lure or attract migratory game 
                                birds; and
                                  (II) in the case of 
                                waterfowl, cranes (family 
                                Gruidae), and coots (fam-i-ly 
                                Rallidae), a standing, un-har-
                                vest-ed crop that has been 
                                manipulated through activities 
                                such as mowing, discing, or 
                                rolling, unless the activities 
                                are normal agricultural 
                                practices.
                          (ii) Exclusions.--An area shall not 
                        be considered to be a ``baited area'' 
                        if the area--
                                  (I) has been treated with a 
                                normal agricultural practice;
                                  (II) has standing crops that 
                                have not been manipulated; or
                                  (III) has standing crops that 
                                have been or are flooded.
                  (B) Baiting.--The term ``baiting'' means the 
                direct or indirect placing, exposing, 
                depositing, distributing, or scattering of 
                salt, grain, or other feed that could lure or 
                attract migratory game birds to, on, or over 
                any areas on which a hunter is attempting to 
                take migratory game birds.
                  (C) Migratory game bird.--The term 
                ``migratory game bird'' means migratory bird 
                species--
                          (i) that are within the taxonomic 
                        families of Anatidae, Columbidae, 
                        Gruidae, Rallidae, and Scolopacidae; 
                        and
                          (ii) for which open seasons are 
                        prescribed by the Secretary of the 
                        Interior.
                  (D) Normal agricultural practice.--
                          (i) In general.--The term ``normal 
                        agricultural practice'' means any 
                        practice in 1 annual growing season 
                        that--
                                  (I) is carried out in order 
                                to produce a marketable crop, 
                                including planting, harvest, 
                                postharvest, or soil 
                                conservation practices; and
                                  (II) is recommended for the 
                                successful harvest of a given 
                                crop by the applicable State 
                                office of the Cooperative 
                                Extension System of the 
                                Department of Agriculture, in 
                                consultation with, and if 
                                requested, the concurrence of, 
                                the head of the applicable 
                                State department of fish and 
                                wildlife.
                          (ii) Inclusions.--
                                  (I) In general.--Subject to 
                                subclause (II), the term 
                                ``normal agricultural 
                                practice'' includes the 
                                destruction of a crop in 
                                accordance with practices 
                                required by the Federal Crop 
                                Insurance Corporation for 
                                agricultural producers to 
                                obtain crop insurance under the 
                                Federal Crop Insurance Act (7 
                                U.S.C. 1501 et seq.) on land on 
                                which a crop during the current 
                                or immediately preceding crop 
                                year was not harvestable due to 
                                a natural disaster (including 
                                any hurricane, storm, tornado, 
                                flood, high water, wind-driven 
                                water, tidal wave, tsunami, 
                                earthquake, volcanic eruption, 
                                landslide, mudslide, drought, 
                                fire, snowstorm, or other 
                                catastrophe that is declared a 
                                major disaster by the President 
                                in accordance with section 401 
                                of the Robert T. Stafford 
                                Disaster Relief and Emergency 
                                Assistance Act (42 U.S.C. 
                                5170)).
                                  (II) Limitations.--The term 
                                ``normal agricultural 
                                practice'' only includes a crop 
                                described in subclause (I) that 
                                has been destroyed or 
                                manipulated through activities 
                                that include (but are not 
                                limited to) mowing, discing, or 
                                rolling if the Federal Crop 
                                Insurance Corporation certifies 
                                that flooding was not an 
                                acceptable method of 
                                destruction to obtain crop 
                                insurance under the Federal 
                                Crop Insurance Act (7 U.S.C. 
                                1501 et seq.).
                  (E) Waterfowl.--The term ``waterfowl'' means 
                native species of the family Anatidae.
          (2) Prohibition.--It shall be unlawful for any 
        person--
                  (A) to take any migratory game bird by 
                baiting or on or over any baited area, if the 
                person knows or reasonably should know that the 
                area is a baited area; or
                  (B) to place or direct the placement of bait 
                on or adjacent to an area for the purpose of 
                causing, inducing, or allowing any person to 
                take or attempt to take any migratory game bird 
                by baiting or on or over the baited area.
          (3) Regulations.--The Secretary of the Interior may 
        promulgate regulations to implement this subsection.
          (4) Reports.--Annually, the Secretary of Agriculture 
        shall submit to the Secretary of the Interior a report 
        that describes any changes to normal agricultural 
        practices across the range of crops grown by 
        agricultural producers in each region of the United 
        States in which the recommendations are provided to 
        agricultural producers.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

                              ----------                              


                      TITLE 54, UNITED STATES CODE



           *       *       *       *       *       *       *
SUBTITLE I--NATIONAL PARK SYSTEM

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


DIVISION A--ESTABLISHMENT AND GENERAL ADMINISTRATION

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


CHAPTER 1009--ADMINISTRATION

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


Sec. 100905. Commercial filming

  (a) Commercial Filming Fee.--
          (1) In general.--[The Secretary] Except as provided 
        in paragraph (3), the Secretary shall require a permit 
        and shall establish a reasonable fee for commercial 
        filming activities or similar projects in a System 
        unit. The fee shall provide a fair return to the United 
        States and shall be based on the following criteria:
                  (A) The number of days the filming activity 
                or similar project takes place in the System 
                unit.
                  (B) The size of the film crew present in the 
                System unit.
                  (C) The amount and type of equipment present 
                in the System unit.
          (2) Other factors.--The Secretary may include other 
        factors in determining an appropriate fee as the 
        Secretary considers necessary.
          (3) Special rules for film crews of 5 persons or 
        fewer.--
                  (A) Definition of film crew.--In this 
                paragraph, the term ``film crew'' means any 
                persons present on Federal land or waterways 
                under the jurisdiction of the Secretary who are 
                associated with the production of a film.
                  (B) Required permit and fee.--For any film 
                crew of 5 persons or fewer, the Secretary shall 
                require a permit and assess an annual fee of 
                $200 for commercial filming activities or 
                similar projects on Federal land and waterways 
                administered by the Secretary.
                  (C) Commercial filming activities.--A permit 
                issued under subparagraph (B) shall be valid 
                for commercial filming activities or similar 
                projects that occur in areas designated for 
                public use during public hours on all Federal 
                land and waterways administered by the 
                Secretary for a 1-year period beginning on the 
                date of issuance of the permit.
                  (D) No additional fees.--For persons holding 
                a permit issued under this paragraph, during 
                the effective period of the permit, the 
                Secretary shall not assess any fees in addition 
                to the fee assessed under subparagraph (B).
                  (E) Use of cameras.--The Secretary shall not 
                prohibit, as a mechanized apparatus or under 
                any other purposes, use of cameras or related 
                equipment used for the purpose of commercial 
                filming activities or similar projects in 
                accordance with this paragraph on Federal land 
                and waterways administered by the Secretary.
                  (F) Notification required.--A film crew of 5 
                persons or fewer subject to a permit issued 
                under this paragraph shall notify the 
                applicable land management agency with 
                jurisdiction over the Federal land at least 48 
                hours before entering the Federal land.
                  (G) Denial of access.--The head of the 
                applicable land management agency may deny 
                access to a film crew under this paragraph if--
                          (i) there is a likelihood of resource 
                        damage that cannot be mitigated;
                          (ii) there would be an unreasonable 
                        disruption of the use and enjoyment of 
                        the site by the public;
                          (iii) the activity poses health or 
                        safety risks to the public; or
                          (iv) the filming includes the use of 
                        models or props that are not part of 
                        the natural or cultural resources or 
                        administrative facilities of the 
                        Federal land.
  (b) Recovery of Costs.--The Secretary shall [collect any 
costs] recover any costs incurred as a result of filming 
activities or similar projects, including administrative and 
personnel costs. All costs recovered shall be in addition to 
the fee assessed in subsection (a).
  (c) Still Photography.--
          (1) In general.--Except as provided in paragraph (2), 
        the Secretary shall not require a permit or assess a 
        fee for still photography in a System unit if the 
        photography takes place where members of the public are 
        generally allowed. The Secretary may require a permit, 
        assess a fee, or both, if the photography takes place 
        at other locations where members of the public are 
        generally not allowed, or where additional 
        administrative costs are likely.
          (2) Exception.--The Secretary shall require and shall 
        establish a reasonable fee for still photography that 
        uses models or props that are not a part of the site's 
        natural or cultural resources or administrative 
        facilities.
  (d) Protection of Resources.--The Secretary shall not permit 
any filming, still photography or other related activity if the 
Secretary determines that--
          (1) there is a likelihood of resource damage;
          (2) there would be an unreasonable disruption of the 
        public's use and enjoyment of the site; or
          (3) the activity poses health or safety risks to the 
        public.
  (e) Use of Proceeds.--
          (1) Fees.--All fees collected under this section 
        shall be available for expenditure by the Secretary, 
        without further appropriation and shall remain 
        available until expended.
          (2) Costs.--All costs recovered under this section 
        shall be available for expenditure by the Secretary, 
        without further appropriation, at the site where the 
        costs are collected and shall remain available until 
        expended.
  (f) Processing of Permit Applications.--The Secretary shall 
establish a process to ensure that the Secretary responds in a 
timely manner to permit applicants for commercial filming, 
still photography, or other activity.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


CHAPTER 1015--TRANSPORTATION

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


                         SUBCHAPTER I--AIRPORTS

Sec.
101501. Airports in or near System units.

                     SUBCHAPTER II--ROADS AND TRAILS

     * * * * * * *
101513. Hunter access corridors.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


SUBCHAPTER II--ROADS AND TRAILS

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


Sec. 101513. Hunter access corridors

  (a) Definitions.--In this section:
          (1) Not ready for immediate use.--The term ``not 
        ready for immediate use'' means--
                  (A) a bow or crossbow, the arrows of which 
                are secured or stowed in a quiver or other 
                arrow transport case; and
                  (B) with respect to a crossbow, uncocked.
          (2) Valid hunting license.--The term ``valid hunting 
        license'' means a State-issued hunting license that 
        authorizes an individual to hunt on private or public 
        land adjacent to the System unit in which the 
        individual is located while in possession of a bow or 
        crossbow that is not ready for immediate use.
  (b) Transportation Authorized.--
          (1) In general.--The Director shall not require a 
        permit for, or promulgate or enforce any regulation 
        that prohibits an individual from transporting bows and 
        crossbows that are not ready for immediate use across 
        any System unit if--
                  (A) in the case of an individual traversing 
                the System unit on foot--
                          (i) the individual is not otherwise 
                        prohibited by law from possessing the 
                        bows and crossbows;
                          (ii) the bows or crossbows are not 
                        ready for immediate use throughout the 
                        period during which the bows or 
                        crossbows are transported across the 
                        System unit;
                          (iii) the possession of the bows and 
                        crossbows is in compliance with the law 
                        of the State in which the System unit 
                        is located; and
                          (iv)(I) the individual possesses a 
                        valid hunting license;
                          (II) the individual is traversing the 
                        System unit en route to a hunting 
                        access corridor established under 
                        subsection (c)(1); or
                          (III) the individual is traversing 
                        the System unit in compliance with any 
                        other applicable regulations or 
                        policies; or
                  (B) the bows or crossbows are not ready for 
                immediate use and remain inside a vehicle.
          (2) Enforcement.--Nothing in this subsection limits 
        the authority of the Director to enforce laws 
        (including regulations) prohibiting hunting or the 
        taking of wildlife in any System unit.
  (c) Establishment of Hunter Access Corridors.--
          (1) In general.--On a determination by the Director 
        under paragraph (2), the Director may establish and 
        publish (in accordance with section 1.5 of title 36, 
        Code of Federal Regulations (or a successor 
        regulation)), on a publicly available map, hunter 
        access corridors across System units that are used to 
        access public land that is--
                  (A) contiguous to a System unit; and
                  (B) open to hunting.
          (2) Determination by director.--The determination 
        referred to in paragraph (1) is a determination that 
        the hunter access corridor would provide wildlife 
        management or visitor experience benefits within the 
        boundary of the System unit in which the hunter access 
        corridor is located.
          (3) Hunting season.--The hunter access corridors 
        shall be open for use during hunting seasons.
          (4) Exception.--The Director may establish limited 
        periods during which access through the hunter access 
        corridors is closed for reasons of public safety, 
        administration, or compliance with applicable law.
          (5) Identification of corridors.--The Director 
        shall--
                  (A) make information regarding hunter access 
                corridors available on the individual website 
                of the applicable System unit; and
                  (B) provide information regarding any 
                processes established by the Director for 
                transporting legally taken game through 
                individual hunter access corridors.
          (6) Registration; transportation of game.--The 
        Director may--
                  (A) provide registration boxes to be located 
                at the trailhead of each hunter access corridor 
                for self-registration;
                  (B) provide a process for online self-
                registration; and
                  (C) allow nonmotorized conveyances to 
                transport legally taken game through a hunter 
                access corridor established under this 
                subsection, including game carts and sleds.
          (7) Consultation with states.--The Director shall 
        consult with each applicable State wildlife agency to 
        identify appropriate hunter access corridors.
  (d) Effect.--Nothing in this section--
          (1) diminishes, enlarges, or modifies any Federal or 
        State authority with respect to recreational hunting, 
        recreational shooting, or any other recreational 
        activities within the boundaries of a System unit; or
          (2) authorizes--
                  (A) the establishment of new trails in System 
                units; or
                  (B) authorizes individuals to access areas in 
                System units, on foot or otherwise, that are 
                not open to such access.
  (e) No Major Federal Action.--
          (1) In general.--Any action taken under this section 
        shall not be considered a major Federal action 
        significantly affecting the quality of the human 
        environment under the National Environmental Policy Act 
        of 1969 (42 U.S.C. 4321 et seq.).
          (2) No additional action required.--No additional 
        identification, analyses, or consideration of 
        environmental effects (including cumulative 
        environmental effects) is necessary or required with 
        respect to an action taken under this section.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

                              ----------                              


               FEDERAL LAND TRANSACTION FACILITATION ACT



           *       *       *       *       *       *       *
TITLE II--FEDERAL LAND TRANSACTION FACILITATION

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


SEC. 203. DEFINITIONS.

  In this title:
          (1) Exceptional resource.--The term ``exceptional 
        resource'' means a resource of scientific, natural, 
        historic, [cultural, or] cultural, recreational access 
        and use, or other recreational value that has been 
        documented by a Federal, State, or local governmental 
        authority, and for which there is a compelling need for 
        conservation and protection under the jurisdiction of a 
        Federal agency in order to maintain the resource for 
        the benefit of the public.
          (2) Federally designated area.--The term ``federally 
        designated area'' means land in Alaska and the eleven 
        contiguous Western States (as defined in section 103(o) 
        of the Federal Land Policy and Management Act of 1976 
        (43 U.S.C. 1702(o))) that [on the date of enactment of 
        this Act was] is within the boundary of--
                  (A) a national monument, area of critical 
                environmental concern, national conservation 
                area, national riparian conservation area, 
                national recreation area, national scenic area, 
                research natural area, national outstanding 
                natural area, or a national natural landmark 
                managed by the Bureau of Land Management;
                  (B) a unit of the National Park System;
                  (C) a unit of the National Wildlife Refuge 
                System;
                  (D) an area of the National Forest System 
                designated for special management by an Act of 
                Congress; or
                  (E) an area within which the Secretary or the 
                Secretary of Agriculture is otherwise 
                authorized by law to acquire lands or interests 
                therein that is designated as--
                          (i) wilderness under the Wilderness 
                        Act (16 U.S.C. 1131 et seq.);
                          (ii) a wilderness study area;
                          (iii) a component of the Wild and 
                        Scenic Rivers System under the Wild and 
                        Scenic Rivers Act (16 U.S.C. 1271 et 
                        seq.); or
                          (iv) a component of the National 
                        Trails System under the National Trails 
                        System Act (16 U.S.C. 1241 et seq.).
          (3) Inholding.--The term ``inholding'' means any 
        right, title, or interest, held by a non-Federal 
        entity, in or to a tract of land that lies within the 
        boundary of a federally designated area.
          (4) Public land.--The term ``public land'' means 
        public lands (as defined in section 103 of the Federal 
        Land Policy and Management Act of 1976 (43 U.S.C. 
        1702)).
          (5) Secretary.--The term ``Secretary'' means the 
        Secretary of the Interior.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


SEC. 205. DISPOSAL OF PUBLIC LAND.

  (a) In General.--The Secretary shall establish a program, 
using funds made available under [section 206, to complete 
appraisals and satisfy other legal requirements for the sale or 
exchange of public land identified for disposal under approved 
land use plans (as in effect on the date of enactment of this 
Act) under section 202 of the Federal Land Policy and 
Management Act of 1976 (43 U.S.C. 1712).] section 206--
          (1) to complete appraisals and satisfy other legal 
        requirements for the sale or exchange of public land 
        identified for disposal under approved land use plans 
        under section 202 of the Federal Land Policy and 
        Management Act of 1976 (43 U.S.C. 1712);
          (2) not later than 180 days after the date of the 
        enactment of the Federal Land Transaction Facilitation 
        Act Reauthorization of 2015, to establish and make 
        available to the public, on the website of the 
        Department of the Interior, a database containing a 
        comprehensive list of all the land referred to in 
        paragraph (1); and
          (3) to maintain the database referred to in paragraph 
        (2).
  (b) Sale of Public Land.--
          (1) In general.--The sale of public land so 
        identified shall be conducted in accordance with 
        sections 203 and 209 of the Federal Land Policy and 
        Management Act of 1976 (43 U.S.C. 1713, 1719).
          (2) Exceptions to competitive bidding requirements.--
        The exceptions to competitive bidding requirements 
        under section 203(f) of the Federal Land Policy and 
        Management Act of 1976 (43 U.S.C. 1713(f)) shall apply 
        to this section in cases in which the Secretary 
        determines it to be necessary.
  (c) Report in Public Land Statistics.--The Secretary shall 
provide in the annual publication of Public Land Statistics, a 
report of activities under this section.
  (d) Termination of Authority.--The authority provided under 
this section shall terminate [11] 22 years after the date of 
enactment of this Act.

SEC. 206. FEDERAL LAND DISPOSAL ACCOUNT.

  (a) Deposit of Proceeds.--Notwithstanding any other law 
(except a law that specifically provides for a proportion of 
the proceeds to be distributed to any trust funds of any 
States), the gross proceeds of the sale or exchange of public 
land under this Act shall be deposited in a separate account in 
the Treasury of the United States to be known as the ``Federal 
Land Disposal Account''.
  (b) Availability.--Amounts in the Federal Land Disposal 
Account shall be available to the Secretary and the Secretary 
of Agriculture, without further Act of appropriation, to carry 
out this title.
  (c) Use of the Federal Land Disposal Account.--
          [(1) In general.--Funds in the Federal Land Disposal 
        Account shall be expended in accordance with this 
        subsection.]
          (1) Use of funds.--
                  (A) In general.--Funds in the Federal Land 
                Disposal Account shall be expended in 
                accordance with this subsection.
                  (B) Purposes.--Except as authorized under 
                paragraph (2), funds in the Federal Land 
                Disposal Account shall be used for one or more 
                of the following purposes:
                          (i) To purchase lands or interests 
                        therein that are otherwise authorized 
                        by law to be acquired and are one or 
                        more of the following:
                                  (I) Inholdings.
                                  (II) Adjacent to federally 
                                designated areas and contain 
                                exceptional resources.
                                  (III) Provide opportunities 
                                for hunting, recreational 
                                fishing, recreational shooting, 
                                and other recreational 
                                activities.
                                  (IV) Likely to aid in the 
                                performance of deferred 
                                maintenance or the reduction of 
                                operation and maintenance costs 
                                or other deferred costs.
                          (ii) To perform deferred maintenance 
                        or other maintenance activities that 
                        enhance opportunities for recreational 
                        access.
                  (2) Fund allocation.--
                          [(A) Purchase of land.--Except as 
                        authorized under subparagraph (C), 
                        funds shall be used to purchase lands 
                        or interests therein that are otherwise 
                        authorized by law to be acquired, and 
                        that are--
                                  [(i) inholdings; and
                                  [(ii) adjacent to federally 
                                designated areas and contain 
                                exceptional resources.]
                          [(B)] (A) Inholdings.--Not less than 
                        80 percent of the funds allocated for 
                        the purchase of land within each State 
                        shall be used to acquire inholdings 
                        identified under section 204.
                          [(C)] (B) Administrative and other 
                        expenses.--An amount not to exceed 20 
                        percent of the funds deposited in the 
                        Federal Land Disposal Account may be 
                        used by the Secretary for 
                        administrative and other expenses 
                        necessary to carry out the land 
                        disposal program under section 205.
                          [(D)] (C) Same state [purchases]  
                        land purchases and performance of 
                        deferred maintenance activities.--Of 
                        the amounts not used under subparagraph 
                        [(C)] (B), not less than 80 percent 
                        shall be expended within the State in 
                        which the funds were generated for the 
                        activities outlined in paragraph (2). 
                        Any remaining funds may be expended in 
                        any other State.
                          (D) Any funds made available under 
                        subparagraph (C) that are not obligated 
                        or expended by the end of the fourth 
                        full fiscal year after the date of the 
                        sale or exchange of land that generated 
                        the funds may be expended in any State.
          (3) Priority.--The Secretary and the Secretary of 
        Agriculture shall develop a procedure for prioritizing 
        the acquisition of inholdings and non-Federal lands 
        with exceptional resources as provided in paragraph 
        (2). Such procedure shall consider--
                  (A) the date the inholding was established 
                (as provided in section 204(c));
                  (B) the extent to which the acquisition of 
                the land or interest therein will increase the 
                public availability of resources for, and 
                facilitate public access to, hunting, fishing, 
                and other recreational activities;
                  [(B)] (C) the extent to which acquisition of 
                the land or interest therein will facilitate 
                management efficiency; and
                  [(C)] (D) such other criteria as the 
                Secretary and the Secretary of Agriculture deem 
                appropriate.
          (4) Basis of sale.--Any land acquired under this 
        section shall be--
                  (A) from a willing seller;
                  (B) contingent on the conveyance of title 
                acceptable to the Secretary, or the Secretary 
                of Agriculture in the case of an acquisition of 
                National Forest System land, using title 
                standards of the Attorney General;
                  (C) at a price not to exceed fair market 
                value consistent with applicable provisions of 
                the Uniform Appraisal Standards for Federal 
                Land Acquisitions; and
                  (D) managed as part of the unit within which 
                it is contained.
  (d) Contaminated Sites and Sites Difficult and Uneconomic To 
Manage.--Funds in the Federal Land Disposal Account shall not 
be used to purchase land or an interest in land that, as 
determined by the Secretary or the Secretary of Agriculture--
          (1) contains a hazardous substance or is otherwise 
        contaminated; or
          (2) because of the location or other characteristics 
        of the land, would be difficult or uneconomic to manage 
        as Federal land.
  (e) Land and Water Conservation Fund Act.--Funds made 
available under this section shall be supplemental to any funds 
appropriated under chapter 2003 of title 54, United States 
Code.
  (f) Termination.--On termination of activities under section 
205--
          (1) the Federal Land Disposal Account shall be 
        terminated; and
          [(2) any remaining balance in the account shall 
        become available for appropriation under section 200303 
        of title 54, United States Code.]
          (2) any remaining balance in the account shall be 
        deposited in the Treasury and used for deficit 
        reduction, except that in the case of a fiscal year for 
        which there is no Federal budget deficit, such amounts 
        shall be used to reduce the Federal debt (in such 
        manner as the Secretary of the Treasury considers 
        appropriate).

SEC. 207. SPECIAL PROVISIONS.

  (a) In General.--Nothing in this title provides an exemption 
from any limitation on the acquisition of land or interest in 
land under any Federal law in effect on the date of enactment 
of this Act.
  (b) Other Law.--This title shall not apply to land eligible 
for sale under--
          (1) Public Law [96-568] 96-586 (commonly known as the 
        ``Santini-Burton Act'') (94 Stat. 3381)[; or];
          (2) the Southern Nevada Public Land Management Act of 
        1998 (Public Law 105-263; 112 Stat. 2343)[.];
          (3) the White Pine County Conservation, Recreation, 
        and Development Act of 2006 (Public Law 109-432; 120 
        Stat. 3028);
          (4) the Lincoln County Conservation, Recreation, and 
        Development Act of 2004 (Public Law 108-424; 118 Stat. 
        2403);
          (5) subtitle F of title I of the Omnibus Public Land 
        Management Act of 2009 (16 U.S.C. 1132 note; Public Law 
        111-11);
          (6) subtitle O of title I of the Omnibus Public Land 
        Management Act of 2009 (16 U.S.C. 460www note, 1132 
        note; Public Law 111-11);
          (7) section 2601 of the Omnibus Public Land 
        Management Act of 2009 (Public Law 111-11; 123 Stat. 
        1108); or
          (8) section 2606 of the Omnibus Public Land 
        Management Act of 2009 (Public Law 111-11; 123 Stat. 
        1121).
  (c) Exchanges.--Nothing in this title precludes, preempts, or 
limits the authority to exchange land under authorities 
providing for the exchange of Federal lands, including but not 
limited to--
          (1) the Federal Land Policy and Management Act of 
        1976 (43 U.S.C. 1701 et seq.); or
          (2) the Federal Land Exchange Facilitation Act of 
        1988 (102 Stat. 1086) or the amendments made by that 
        Act.
  (d) No New Right or Benefit.--Nothing in this Act creates a 
right or benefit, substantive or procedural, enforceable at law 
or in equity by a party against the United States, its 
agencies, its officers, or any other person.
                              ----------                              


                   AFRICAN ELEPHANT CONSERVATION ACT



           *       *       *       *       *       *       *
TITLE II--AFRICAN ELEPHANT CONSERVATION

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


            PART I--AFRICAN ELEPHANT CONSERVATION ASSISTANCE

SEC. 2101. PROVISION OF ASSISTANCE.

  (a) In General.--The Secretary may provide financial 
assistance under this part from the Fund for approved projects 
for research, conservation, management, or protection of 
African elephants.
  (b) Project Proposal.--Any African government agency 
responsible for African elephant conservation and protection, 
the CITES Secretariat, and any organization or individual with 
experience in African elephant conservation may submit to the 
Secretary a project proposal under this section. Each such 
proposal shall contain--
          (1) the name of the person responsible for conducting 
        the project;
          (2) a succinct statement of the need for and purposes 
        of the project;
          (3) a description of the qualifications of the 
        individuals who will be conducting the project;
          (4) an estimate of the funds and time required to 
        complete the project;
          (5) evidence of support of the project by 
        governmental entities of countries within which the 
        project will be conducted, if such support may be 
        important for the success of the project; and
          (6) any other information the Secretary considers to 
        be necessary or appropriate for evaluating the 
        eligibility of the project for funding under this 
        title.
  (c) Project Review and Approval.--The Secretary shall review 
each project proposal to determine if it meets the criteria set 
forth in subsection (d) and otherwise merits assistance under 
this title. Not later than six months after receiving a project 
proposal, and subject to the availability of funds, the 
Secretary shall approve or disapprove the proposal and provide 
written notification to the person who submitted the proposal.
  (d) Criteria for Approval.--The Secretary may approve a 
project under this section if the project will enhance programs 
for African elephant research, conservation, management, or 
protection by--
          (1) developing in a usable form sound scientific 
        information on African elephant habitat condition and 
        carrying capacity, total elephant numbers and 
        population trends, or annual reproduction and 
        mortality; or
          (2) assisting efforts--
                  (A) to ensure that any taking of African 
                elephants in the country is effectively 
                controlled and monitored;
                  (B) to implement conservation programs to 
                provide for healthy, sustainable African 
                elephant populations; or
                  (C) to enhance compliance with the CITES 
                Ivory Control System.
  (e) Priority.--In providing financial assistance under this 
section, the Secretary shall give priority to projects designed 
to facilitate the acquisition of equipment and training of 
wildlife officials in ivory producing countries to be used in 
anti-poaching efforts.
  [(e)] (f) Project Sustainability.--To the maximum extent 
practical, in determining whether to approve project proposals 
under this section, the Secretary shall give consideration to 
projects that will enhance sustainable conservation programs to 
ensure effective long-term conservation of African elephants.
  [(f)] (g) Project Reporting.--Each entity that receives 
assistance under this section shall provide such periodic 
reports to the Director of the United States Fish and Wildlife 
Service as the Director considers relevant and appropriate. 
Each report shall include all information requested by the 
Director for evaluating the progress and success of the 
project.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


SEC. 2105. PLACEMENT OF UNITED STATES FISH AND WILDLIFE SERVICE LAW 
                    ENFORCEMENT OFFICER IN EACH AFRICAN ELEPHANT RANGE 
                    COUNTRY.

  The Secretary, in coordination with the Secretary of State, 
may station one United States Fish and Wildlife Service law 
enforcement officer in the primary United States diplomatic or 
consular post in each African country that has a significant 
population of African elephants, who shall assist local 
wildlife rangers in the protection of African elephants and 
facilitate the apprehension of individuals who illegally kill, 
or assist the illegal killing of, African elephants.

PART II--MORATORIA AND PROHIBITED ACTS

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


SEC. 2202. MORATORIA.

  (a) Ivory Producing Countries.--
          (1) In general.--The Secretary shall establish a 
        moratorium on the importation of raw and worked ivory 
        from an ivory producing country immediately upon making 
        a determination that the country does not meet all the 
        criteria set forth in section 2201(b)(1).
          (2) Later establishment.--With regard to any ivory 
        producing country for which the Secretary has 
        insufficient information to make a determination 
        pursuant to section 2201(b), the Secretary shall 
        establish a moratorium on the importation of raw and 
        worked ivory from such country not later than January 
        1, 1990, unless, based on new information, the 
        Secretary concludes before that date that the country 
        meets all of the criteria set forth in section 
        2201(b)(1).
  (b) Intermediary Countries.--The Secretary shall establish a 
moratorium on the importation of raw and worked ivory from an 
intermediary country immediately upon making a determination 
that the country--
          (1) is not a party to CITES;
          (2) does not adhere to the CITES Ivory Control 
        System;
          (3) imports raw ivory from a country that is not an 
        ivory producing country;
          (4) imports raw or worked ivory from a country that 
        is not a party to CITES;
          (5) imports raw or worked ivory that originates in an 
        ivory producing country in violation of the laws of 
        that ivory producing country;
          (6) substantially increases its imports of raw or 
        worked ivory from a country that is subject to a 
        moratorium under this title during the first three 
        months of that moratorium; or
          (7) imports raw or worked ivory from a country that 
        is subject to a moratorium under this title after the 
        first three months of that moratorium, unless the ivory 
        is imported by vessel during the first six months of 
        that moratorium and is accompanied by shipping 
        documents which show that it was exported before the 
        establishment of the moratorium.
  (c) Suspension of Moratorium.--The Secretary shall suspend a 
moratorium established under this section if, after notice and 
public comment, the Secretary determines that the reasons for 
establishing the moratorium no longer exist.
  (d) Petition.--
          (1) In general.--Any person may at any time submit a 
        petition in writing requesting that the Secretary 
        establish or suspend a moratorium under this section. 
        Such a petition shall include such substantial 
        information as may be necessary to demonstrate the need 
        for the action requested by the petition.
          (2) Consideration and ruling.--The Secretary shall 
        publish a notice of receipt of a petition under this 
        subsection in the Federal Register and shall provide an 
        opportunity for the public to comment on the petition. 
        The Secretary shall rule on such petition not later 
        than 90 days after the close of the public comment 
        period.
  (e) Sport-Hunted Trophies.--Individuals may import sport-
hunted elephant trophies that they have legally taken in an 
ivory producing country that has submitted an ivory quota. The 
Secretary shall not establish any moratorium under this 
section, pursuant to a petition or otherwise, which prohibits 
the importation into the United States of sport-hunted trophies 
from elephants that are legally taken by the importer or the 
importer's principal in an ivory producing country that has 
submitted an ivory quota.
  (f) Confiscated Ivory.--Trade in raw or worked ivory that is 
confiscated by an ivory producing country or an intermediary 
country and is disposed of pursuant to the CITES Ivory Control 
System shall not be the sole cause for the establishment of a 
moratorium under this part if all proceeds from the disposal of 
the confiscated ivory are used solely to enhance wildlife 
conservation programs or conservation purposes of CITES. With 
respect to any country that was not a party to CITES at the 
time of such confiscation, this subsection shall not apply 
until such country develops appropriate measures to assure that 
persons with a history of illegal dealings in ivory shall not 
benefit from the disposal of confiscated ivory.
  (g) Certification.--When the Secretary of the Interior finds 
that a country, directly or indirectly, is a significant 
transit or destination point for illegal ivory trade, the 
Secretary shall certify such fact to the President with respect 
to the country for the purposes of section 8(a) of the 
Fishermen's Protective Act of 1967 (22 U.S.C. 1978(a)).

SEC. 2203. PROHIBITED ACTS.

    (a) In General._Except as provided in section 2202(e) and 
subsection (b) of this section, it is unlawful for any person--
          (1) to import raw ivory from any country other than 
        an ivory producing country;
          (2) to export raw ivory from the United States;
          (3) to import raw or worked ivory that was exported 
        from an ivory producing country in violation of that 
        country's laws or of the CITES Ivory Control System;
          (4) to import worked ivory, other than personal 
        effects, from any country unless that country has 
        certified that such ivory was derived from legal 
        sources; or
          (5) to import raw or worked ivory from a country for 
        which a moratorium is in effect under section 2202.
  (b) Exemption.--Nothing in this Act or subsection (a) or (d) 
of section 9 of the Endangered Species Act of 1973 (16 U.S.C. 
1538) shall be construed to prohibit importation or 
exportation, or to require permission of the Secretary for 
importation or exportation, of--
          (1) any raw ivory or worked ivory--
                  (A) imported solely for purposes of becoming 
                part of a museum's permanent collection, return 
                to a lending museum, or display in a museum; or
                  (B) exported solely for purposes of--
                          (i) display in a foreign museum; or
                          (ii) return to a foreign person who 
                        lent such ivory to a museum in the 
                        United States;
          (2) any raw ivory or worked ivory that was lawfully 
        importable into the United States on February 24, 2014, 
        regardless of when acquired; or
          (3) any worked ivory that was previously lawfully 
        possessed in the United States.
  (c) Treatment of Elephant Ivory.--Nothing in this Act or the 
Endangered Species Act of 1973 (16 U.S.C. 1538) shall be 
construed--
          (1) to prohibit, or to authorize prohibiting, the 
        possession, sale, delivery, receipt, shipment, or 
        transportation of African elephant ivory, or any 
        product containing African elephant ivory, that has 
        been lawfully imported or crafted in the United States; 
        or
          (2) to authorize using any means of determining for 
        purposes of this Act or the Endangered Species Act of 
        1973 whether African elephant ivory has been lawfully 
        imported, including any presumption or burden of proof 
        applied in such determination, other than such means 
        used by the Secretary as of February 24, 2014.
  (d) Sport-Hunted Elephant Trophies.--Nothing in this Act or 
subsection (a) or (d) of section 9 of the Endangered Species 
Act of 1973 (16 U.S.C. 1538) shall be construed to prohibit any 
citizen or legal resident of the United States, or an agent of 
such an individual, from importing a sport-hunted African 
elephant trophy under section 2202(e) of this Act, if the 
country in which the elephant was taken had an elephant 
population on Appendix II of CITES at the time the trophy 
elephant was taken.
  (e) Relationship to the Convention.--Nothing in this section 
shall be construed as modifying or repealing the Secretary's 
duties to implement CITES and the appendices thereto, or as 
modifying or repealing section 8A or 9(c) of the Endangered 
Species Act of 1973 (16 U.S.C. 1537a and 1538(c)).

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


PART III--MISCELLANEOUS

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


SEC. 2306. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

  (a) In General.--There is authorized to be appropriated to 
the Fund and to the Secretary a total of not to exceed 
$5,000,000 for each of fiscal years [2007 through 2012] 2016 
through 2020 to carry out this title, to remain available until 
expended.
  (b) Administrative Expenses.--Of amounts available each 
fiscal year to carry out this title, the Secretary may expend 
not more than 3 percent or $100,000, whichever is greater, to 
pay the administrative expenses necessary to carry out this 
title.
                              ----------                              


                           PUBLIC LAW 106-206

SEC. 1. COMMERCIAL FILMING.

  (a) Commercial Filming Fee.--
          (1) In general.--[The Secretary] Except as provided 
        in paragraph (3), the Secretary of the Interior or the 
        Secretary of Agriculture (hereafter individually 
        referred to as the ``Secretary'' with respect to land 
        (except land in a System unit as defined in section 
        100102 of title 54, United States Code) under their 
        respective jurisdictions) shall require a permit and 
        shall establish a reasonable fee for commercial filming 
        activities or similar projects on Federal land 
        administered by the Secretary. The fee shall provide a 
        fair return to the United States and shall be based on 
        the following criteria:
                  (A) The number of days the filming activity 
                or similar project takes place on Federal land 
                under the Secretary's jurisdiction.
                  (B) The size of the film crew present on 
                Federal land under the Secretary's 
                jurisdiction.
                  (C) The amount and type of equipment present.
          (2) Other factors.--The Secretary may include other 
        factors in determining an appropriate fee as the 
        Secretary considers necessary.
          (3) Special rules for film crews of 5 persons or 
        fewer.--
                  (A) Definition of film crew.--In this 
                paragraph, the term ``film crew'' means any 
                persons present on Federal land or waterways 
                under the jurisdiction of the Secretary who are 
                associated with the production of a film.
                  (B) Required permit and fee.--For any film 
                crew of 5 persons or fewer, the Secretary shall 
                require a permit and assess an annual fee of 
                $200 for commercial filming activities or 
                similar projects on Federal land and waterways 
                administered by the Secretary.
                  (C) Commercial filming activities.--A permit 
                issued under subparagraph (B) shall be valid 
                for commercial filming activities or similar 
                projects that occur in areas designated for 
                public use during public hours on all Federal 
                land and waterways administered by the 
                Secretary for a 1-year period beginning on the 
                date of issuance of the permit.
                  (D) No additional fees.--For persons holding 
                a permit issued under this paragraph, during 
                the effective period of the permit, the 
                Secretary shall not assess any fees in addition 
                to the fee assessed under subparagraph (B).
                  (E) Use of cameras.--The Secretary shall not 
                prohibit, as a mechanized apparatus or under 
                any other purposes, use of cameras or related 
                equipment used for the purpose of commercial 
                filming activities or similar projects in 
                accordance with this paragraph on Federal land 
                and waterways administered by the Secretary.
                  (F) Notification required.--A film crew of 5 
                persons or fewer subject to a permit issued 
                under this paragraph shall notify the 
                applicable land management agency with 
                jurisdiction over the Federal land at least 48 
                hours before entering the Federal land.
                  (G) Denial of access.--The head of the 
                applicable land management agency may deny 
                access to a film crew under this paragraph if--
                          (i) there is a likelihood of resource 
                        damage that cannot be mitigated;
                          (ii) there would be an unreasonable 
                        disruption of the use and enjoyment of 
                        the site by the public;
                          (iii) the activity poses health or 
                        safety risks to the public; or
                          (iv) the filming includes the use of 
                        models or props that are not part of 
                        the natural or cultural resources or 
                        administrative facilities of the 
                        Federal land.
  (b) Recovery of Costs.--The Secretary shall [collect any 
costs] recover any costs incurred as a result of filming 
activities or [similar project] similar projects, including 
administrative and personnel costs. All costs recovered shall 
be in addition to the fee assessed in subsection (a).
  (c) Still Photography.--
          (1) In general.--Except as provided in paragraph (2), 
        the Secretary shall not require a permit nor assess a 
        fee for still photography on land administered by the 
        Secretary if such photography takes place where members 
        of the public are generally allowed. The Secretary may 
        require a permit, fee, or both, if such photography 
        takes place at other locations where members of the 
        public are generally not allowed, or where additional 
        administrative costs are likely.
          (2) Exception.--The Secretary shall require and shall 
        establish a reasonable fee for still photography that 
        uses models or props which are not a part of the site's 
        natural or cultural resources or administrative 
        facilities.
  (d) Protection of Resources.--The Secretary shall not permit 
any filming, still photography or other related activity if the 
Secretary determines that--
          (1) there is a likelihood of resource damage;
          (2) there would be an unreasonable disruption of the 
        public's use and enjoyment of the site; or
          (3) the activity poses health or safety risks to the 
        public.
  (e) Use of Proceeds.--
          (1) Fees.--All fees collected under this section 
        shall be available for expenditure by the Secretary, 
        without further appropriation and shall remain 
        available until expended.
          (2) Costs.--All costs recovered under this section 
        shall be available for expenditure by the Secretary, 
        without further appropriation, at the site where the 
        costs are collected and shall remain available until 
        expended.
  (f) Processing of Permit Applications.--The Secretary shall 
establish a process to ensure that the Secretary responds in a 
timely manner to permit applicants for commercial filming, 
still photography, or other activity.

[GRAPHIC(S) NOT AVAILABLE IN TIFF FORMAT]


                            DISSENTING VIEWS

    Our nation's public lands provide opportunities for 
hunting, fishing, trapping, and other wildlife-dependent 
recreational activities which serve as economic engines for 
local economies. More than 75 percent of federal lands, whether 
managed by the Forest Service, Bureau of Land Management, 
National Park Service, or Fish and Wildlife Service, are open 
for fishing, hunting, and recreational shooting. Increasing 
opportunities for hunters, anglers, and other outdoor 
enthusiasts remains a top priority of Committee Democrats. 
However, this bill fails to provide those opportunities, and 
instead advances an anti-conservation agenda that is at odds 
with our principles and the tradition of bipartisan work on 
legislation designed to benefit American landscapes, wildlife, 
and the sporting community.
    H.R. 2406 cobbles together seven separate legislative 
proposals along with six other titles, allegedly, to enhance 
access to federal lands for hunting, fishing and recreational 
shooting. While several of the proposals are non-controversial, 
the bill includes provisions that would undermine the 
Wilderness Act, the National Environmental Policy Act and other 
conservation laws. H.R. 2406 also continues the Republican 
crusade to drive the extinction of wildlife by adding language 
that would block the Administration's efforts under the 
Endangered Species Act to stop ivory trafficking and prevent 
the slaughter of African elephants Finally, the bill includes 
several unrelated and harmful titles dealing with importation 
of polar bear trophies, hunting birds using bait, use of fire 
arms at Army Corps of Engineers facilities, and toxic 
substances contained in ammunition and fishing tackle.
    H.R. 2406 is just as notable for the provisions it 
excludes. Many conservation priorities important to sportsmen 
are conspicuously missing from this bill, including 
reauthorization of the Land and Water Conservation Fund (LWCF), 
the North American Wetlands Conservation Act, the National Fish 
and Wildlife Foundation, and the Multinational Species 
Conservation Funds. Committee Democrats offered an amendment at 
markup that would have added these and other bipartisan 
measures to the bill, but Republicans defeated it on a party 
line vote. A separate Democratic amendment to permanently 
reauthorize LWCF a critical conservation prop-am which expired 
on October 1st failed by a similar margin. Republicans' 
continued refusal to reauthorize LWCF means that $2.5 million 
in offshore oil and gas royalty payments is being diverted away 
from land conservation every single day.
    With their failure to include these reauthorizations and 
remove some of the extreme titles which undermine bedrock 
conservation laws, Committee Republicans have pushed through a 
controversial bill instead of working with Democrats to craft 
legislation that would benefit sportsmen and pass the House 
using expedited procedures. In its current form, H.R. 2406 is 
just a giveaway to the gun lobby, not a serious sportsmen's 
package. We oppose H.R. 2406, and hope that Committee 
Republicans will reconsider their stance on several of the 
bill's provision and glaring omissions in advance of reporting 
it to the full House.
                                   Raul Grijalva,
                                           Ranking Member.
                                           Committee on Natural 
                                               Resources.
                                   Niki Tsongas,
                                           Ranking Member,
                                           Subcommittee on Federal 
                                               Lands.
                                   Jared Huffman,
                                           Ranking Member,
                                           Subcommittee on Water, Power 
                                               and Oceans.
                                   Alan Lowenthal,
                                           Member of Congress.
                                   Grace Napolitano,
                                           Member of Congress.
                                   Matt Cartwright,
                                           Member of Congress.
                                   Donald S. Beyer, Jr.
                                           Member of Congress.

                                  [all]