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114th Congress    }                                    {        Report
                        HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
 2d Session       }                                    {       114-565

======================================================================



 
       NATIONAL CYBERSECURITY PREPAREDNESS CONSORTIUM ACT OF 2016

                                _______
                                

  May 13, 2016.--Committed to the Committee of the Whole House on the 
              State of the Union and ordered to be printed

                                _______
                                

  Mr. McCaul, from the Committee on Homeland Security, submitted the 
                               following

                              R E P O R T

                        [To accompany H.R. 4743]

      [Including cost estimate of the Congressional Budget Office]

    The Committee on Homeland Security, to whom was referred 
the bill (H.R. 4743) to authorize the Secretary of Homeland 
Security to establish a National Cybersecurity Preparedness 
Consortium, and for other purposes, having considered the same, 
report favorably thereon with an amendment and recommend that 
the bill as amended do pass.

                                CONTENTS

                                                                   Page
Purpose and Summary..............................................     3
Background and Need for Legislation..............................     3
Hearings.........................................................     3
Committee Consideration..........................................     3
Committee Votes..................................................     4
Committee Oversight Findings.....................................     4
New Budget Authority, Entitlement Authority, and Tax Expenditures     4
Congressional Budget Office Estimate.............................     4
Statement of General Performance Goals and Objectives............     5
Duplicative Federal Programs.....................................     5
Congressional Earmarks, Limited Tax Benefits, and Limited Tariff 
  Benefits.......................................................     6
Federal Mandates Statement.......................................     6
Preemption Clarification.........................................     6
Disclosure of Directed Rule Makings..............................     6
Advisory Committee Statement.....................................     6
Applicability to Legislative Branch..............................     6
Section-by-Section Analysis of the Legislation...................     6
Changes in Existing Law Made by the Bill, as Reported............     7


    The amendment is as follows:
  Strike all after the enacting clause and insert the 
following:

SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.

  This Act may be cited as the ``National Cybersecurity Preparedness 
Consortium Act of 2016''.

SEC. 2. NATIONAL CYBERSECURITY PREPAREDNESS CONSORTIUM.

  (a) In General.--The Secretary of Homeland Security may work with a 
consortium, including the National Cybersecurity Preparedness 
Consortium, to support efforts to address cybersecurity risks and 
incidents (as such terms are defined in section 227 of the Homeland 
Security Act of 2002 (6 U.S.C. 148)), including threats of terrorism 
and acts of terrorism.
  (b) Assistance to the NCCIC.--The Secretary of Homeland Security may 
work with a consortium to assist the national cybersecurity and 
communications integration center of the Department of Homeland 
Security (established pursuant to section 227 of the Homeland Security 
Act of 2002) to--
          (1) provide training to State and local first responders and 
        officials specifically for preparing for and responding to 
        cybersecurity risks and incidents, including threats of 
        terrorism and acts of terrorism, in accordance with current 
        law;
          (2) develop and update a curriculum utilizing existing 
        programs and models in accordance with such section 227, for 
        State and local first responders and officials, related to 
        cybersecurity risks and incidents, including threats of 
        terrorism and acts of terrorism;
          (3) provide technical assistance services to build and 
        sustain capabilities in support of preparedness for and 
        response to cybersecurity risks and incidents, including 
        threats of terrorism and acts of terrorism, in accordance with 
        such section 227;
          (4) conduct cross-sector cybersecurity training and 
        simulation exercises for entities, including State and local 
        governments, critical infrastructure owners and operators, and 
        private industry, to encourage community-wide coordination in 
        defending against and responding to cybersecurity risks and 
        incidents, including threats of terrorism and acts of 
        terrorism, in accordance with subsection (c) of section 228 of 
        the Homeland Security Act of 2002 (6 U.S.C. 149);
          (5) help States and communities develop cybersecurity 
        information sharing programs, in accordance with section 227 of 
        the Homeland Security Act of 2002, for the dissemination of 
        homeland security information related to cybersecurity risks 
        and incidents, including threats of terrorism and acts of 
        terrorism; and
          (6) help incorporate cybersecurity risk and incident 
        prevention and response (including related to threats of 
        terrorism and acts of terrorism) into existing State and local 
        emergency plans, including continuity of operations plans.
  (c) Prohibition on Duplication.--In carrying out the functions under 
subsection (b), the Secretary of Homeland Security shall, to the 
greatest extent practicable, seek to prevent unnecessary duplication of 
existing programs or efforts of the Department of Homeland Security.
  (d) Considerations Regarding Selection of a Consortium.--In selecting 
a consortium with which to work under this Act, the Secretary of 
Homeland Security shall take into consideration the following:
          (1) Any prior experience conducting cybersecurity training 
        and exercises for State and local entities.
          (2) Geographic diversity of the members of any such 
        consortium so as to cover different regions across the United 
        States.
  (e) Metrics.--If the Secretary of Homeland Security works with a 
consortium pursuant to subsection (a), the Secretary shall measure the 
effectiveness of the activities undertaken by such consortium under 
this Act.
  (f) Outreach.--The Secretary of Homeland Security shall conduct 
outreach to universities and colleges, including historically Black 
colleges and universities, Hispanic-serving institutions, Tribal 
Colleges and Universities, and other minority-serving institutions, 
regarding opportunities to support efforts to address cybersecurity 
risks and incidents, including threats of terrorism and acts of 
terrorism, by working with the Secretary pursuant to subsection (a).
  (g) Termination.--The authority to carry out this Act shall terminate 
on the date that is five years after the date of the enactment of this 
Act.
  (h) Consortium Defined.--In this Act, the term ``consortium'' means a 
group primarily composed of non-profit entities, including academic 
institutions, that develop, update, and deliver cybersecurity training 
in support of homeland security.

                          Purpose and Summary

    H.R. 4743 allows the U.S. Department of Homeland Security 
(DHS) to work with a consortium, including the National 
Cybersecurity Preparedness Consortium, to support efforts to 
address cybersecurity risks and incidents. DHS may also engage 
a consortium to assist the National Cybersecurity and 
Communications Integration Center (NCCIC) in providing training 
to State and local first responders in preparing for and 
responding to cybersecurity risks and incidents. The NCCIC is 
the central location where cyber operations are conducted at 
DHS.

                  Background and Need for Legislation

    The Department of Homeland Security and, specifically, the 
NCCIC are responsible for carrying out significant aspects of 
the Federal Government's cybersecurity mission. In December 
2015, the Cybersecurity Act was signed into law authorizing DHS 
to share cyber threat indicators and defensive measures with 
the private sector. Also, in December 2015, the House passed 
H.R. 3869, the State and Local Cyber Protection Act of 2015, 
that instructed the NCCIC to assist State and local entities to 
secure their information systems.
    This bill would allow DHS to work with, for example, the 
National Cybersecurity Preparedness Consortium (NCPC or ``the 
Consortium'') which currently provides State and local 
communities with tools to prevent, detect, respond to, and 
recover from cyber attacks as they would any other disaster or 
emergency situation. The Consortium evaluates communities' 
cybersecurity posture and provides them with a roadmap to 
correct deficiencies in the security of their information 
systems. Based out of the University of Texas San Antonio's 
Center for Infrastructure Assurance and Security, the NCPC has 
members located throughout the country, including the Criminal 
Justice Institute at the University of Arkansas, the University 
of Memphis Center for Information Assurance, the Norwich 
University Applied Research Institutes, and the Texas A&M; 
Engineering Extension Service.

                                Hearings

    On April 7, 2016, the Subcommittee held a field hearing in 
Sherman, Texas, entitled ``Cyber Preparedness and Response at 
the Local Level.'' The Subcommittee received testimony from Mr. 
Alphonse G. Davis, Deputy Director/Chief Operations Officer, 
Texas A&M; Engineering Extension Service; Mr. Sam Greif, Chief, 
Plano Fire-Rescue Department, Plano, Texas, testifying on 
behalf of the International Association of Fire Chiefs; Mr. 
Richard F. Wilson, Lieutenant, Dallas Police Department, 
Dallas, Texas; and Mr. Don Waddle, Detective (Ret.), Greenville 
Police Department, Greenville, Texas.

                        Committee Consideration

    The Committee met on April 28, 2016, to consider H.R. 4743, 
and ordered the measure to be reported to the House with a 
favorable recommendation, as amended, by unanimous consent. The 
Committee took the following actions:
    The following amendments were offered:
 An Amendment in the Nature of a Substitute offered by Richmond 
(#1); was AGREED TO, as amended, by unanimous consent.

 An amendment by Ms. Jackson Lee to the Amendment in the Nature 
of a Substitute (#1A); was AGREED TO by unanimous consent.

     In section 2(a), insert a comma after ``Consortium''.
     In section 2, insert after subsection (d) a new subsection (and 
redesignate subsequent subsections accordingly) entitled ``(d) 
Metrics.''

                            Committee Votes

    Clause 3(b) of Rule XIII of the Rules of the House of 
Representatives requires the Committee to list the recorded 
votes on the motion to report legislation and amendments 
thereto.
    No recorded votes were requested during consideration of 
H.R. 4743.

                      Committee Oversight Findings

    Pursuant to clause 3(c)(1) of Rule XIII of the Rules of the 
House of Representatives, the Committee has held oversight 
hearings and made findings that are reflected in this report.

   New Budget Authority, Entitlement Authority, and Tax Expenditures

    In compliance with clause 3(c)(2) of Rule XIII of the Rules 
of the House of Representatives, the Committee finds that H.R. 
4743, the National Cybersecurity Preparedness Consortium Act of 
2016, would result in no new or increased budget authority, 
entitlement authority, or tax expenditures or revenues.

                  Congressional Budget Office Estimate

    The Committee adopts as its own the cost estimate prepared 
by the Director of the Congressional Budget Office pursuant to 
section 402 of the Congressional Budget Act of 1974.

                                     U.S. Congress,
                               Congressional Budget Office,
                                      Washington, DC, May 13, 2016.
Hon. Michael McCaul,
Chairman, Committee on Homeland Security,
House of Representatives, Washington, DC.
    Dear Mr. Chairman: The Congressional Budget Office has 
prepared the enclosed cost estimate for H.R. 4743, the National 
Cybersecurity Preparedness Consortium Act of 2016.
    If you wish further details on this estimate, we will be 
pleased to provide them. The CBO staff contact is William Ma.
            Sincerely,
                                                        Keith Hall.
    Enclosure.

H.R. 4743--National Cybersecurity Preparedness Consortium Act of 2016

    H.R. 4743 would authorize the Department of Homeland 
Security (DHS) to work with a consortium, including the 
National Cybersecurity Preparedness Consortium (NCPC), to 
assist state and local governments to prepare for, and respond 
to, cybersecurity risks and incidents over the five-year period 
immediately following the bill's enactment. Since 2014, NCPC 
has received about $6 million in grant funding from the Federal 
Emergency Management Agency to deliver cybersecurity training, 
exercises, and technical assistance to state and local 
governments. If implemented, CBO expects that DHS's level of 
involvement under H.R. 4743 would remain unchanged and would 
consist primarily of reviewing and approving NCPC's future 
applications for grant funding. Therefore, CBO estimates that 
to maintain a similar level of support as is currently provided 
by the NCPC to state and local governments, it would cost $15 
million (average of $3 million per year in new grant funding) 
over the 2017-2021 period, assuming appropriation of the 
estimated amounts.
    Enacting H.R. 4743 would not affect direct spending or 
revenues; therefore, pay-as-you-go procedures do not apply.
    CBO estimates that enacting H.R. 4743 would not increase 
net direct spending or on-budget deficits in any of the four 
consecutive 10-year periods beginning in 2027.
    H.R. 4743 contains no intergovernmental or private-sector 
mandates as defined in the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act and 
could benefit state and local law enforcement agencies by 
authorizing federal technical assistance and training for 
cybersecurity activities. Any costs incurred by those agencies 
would result from participation in voluntary federal programs.
    The CBO staff contact for this estimate is William Ma. The 
estimate was approved by H. Samuel Papenfuss, Deputy Assistant 
Director for Budget Analysis.

         Statement of General Performance Goals and Objectives

    Pursuant to clause 3(c)(4) of Rule XIII of the Rules of the 
House of Representatives, H.R. 4743 contains the following 
general performance goals and objectives, including outcome 
related goals and objectives authorized.
    This legislation allows the Secretary to work with any 
consortium, including the National Cybersecurity Preparedness 
Consortium, to support efforts to address cybersecurity risks 
and incidents. It also requires the Secretary of Homeland 
Security to measure the effectiveness of the activities 
undertaken by consortia under this Act.

                      Duplicative Federal Programs

    Pursuant to clause 3(c) of Rule XIII, the Committee finds 
that H.R. 4743 does not contain any provision that establishes 
or reauthorizes a program known to be duplicative of another 
Federal program.

   Congressional Earmarks, Limited Tax Benefits, and Limited Tariff 
                                Benefits

    In compliance with Rule XXI of the Rules of the House of 
Representatives, this bill, as reported, contains no 
congressional earmarks, limited tax benefits, or limited tariff 
benefits as defined in clause 9(e), 9(f), or 9(g) of Rule XXI.

                       Federal Mandates Statement

    The Committee adopts as its own the estimate of Federal 
mandates prepared by the Director of the Congressional Budget 
Office pursuant to section 423 of the Unfunded Mandates Reform 
Act.

                        Preemption Clarification

    In compliance with section 423 of the Congressional Budget 
Act of 1974, requiring the report of any Committee on a bill or 
joint resolution to include a statement on the extent to which 
the bill or joint resolution is intended to preempt State, 
local, or Tribal law, the Committee finds that H.R. 4743 does 
not preempt any State, local, or Tribal law.

                  Disclosure of Directed Rule Makings

    The Committee estimates that H.R. 4743 would require no 
directed rule makings.

                      Advisory Committee Statement

    No advisory committees within the meaning of section 5(b) 
of the Federal Advisory Committee Act were created by this 
legislation.

                  Applicability to Legislative Branch

    The Committee finds that the legislation does not relate to 
the terms and conditions of employment or access to public 
services or accommodations within the meaning of section 
102(b)(3) of the Congressional Accountability Act.

             Section-by-Section Analysis of the Legislation


Section 1. Short Title.

    This section provides that this bill may be cited as the 
``National Cybersecurity Preparedness Consortium Act of 2016''.

Sec. 2. National Cybersecurity Preparedness Consortium.

    This section provides the Secretary of Homeland Security 
with authority to work with any consortium, including the 
National Cybersecurity Preparedness Consortium, to support 
efforts to address cybersecurity risks and incidents. These 
efforts may include: Assisting the National Cybersecurity and 
Communications Integration Center (NCCIC) to: 1) Provide 
training to State and local first responders for preparing for 
and responding to cybersecurity risks and incidents; 2) develop 
and update curriculum for State and local first responders and 
officials, related to cybersecurity risks and incidents; 3) 
provide technical assistance services to build and sustain 
capabilities in support of preparedness for and response to 
cybersecurity risks and incidents; 4) conduct cross-sector 
cybersecurity training and simulation exercises for entities to 
encourage community-wide coordination in defending against and 
responding to cybersecurity risks and incidents; 5) help States 
and communities develop cybersecurity information sharing 
programs for the dissemination of homeland security information 
related to cybersecurity risks and incidents; and 6) help 
incorporate cybersecurity risk and incident prevention and 
response into existing State and local emergency plans.
    This section requires the Secretary to prevent unnecessary 
duplication of existing DHS programs or efforts.
    This section requires the Secretary to take 1) Prior 
experience conducting cybersecurity training and exercises for 
State and local entities, and 2) geographic diversity of the 
members of the consortium, into consideration in selecting a 
consortium.
    This section requires the Secretary to measure the 
effectiveness of the activities undertaken with any consortium.
    This section requires the Secretary to conduct outreach to 
colleges and universities, including historically Black 
colleges and universities, Hispanic-serving institutions, 
Tribal Colleges and Universities, and other minority-serving 
institutions, regarding opportunities to support efforts to 
address cybersecurity risks and incidents.
    This section terminates the authority provided in this Act 
five years after the date of enactment.
    This section defines the term ``consortium'' as a group 
primarily composed of non-profit entities, including academic 
institutions, that develop, update, and deliver cybersecurity 
training in support of homeland security.

         Changes in Existing Law Made by the Bill, as Reported

    As reported, H.R. 4743 makes no changes to existing law.

                                  [all]