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114th Congress    }                                            {   Report
                        HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
 2d Session       }                                            {  114-605

======================================================================



 
 COMMERCE, JUSTICE, SCIENCE, AND RELATED AGENCIES APPROPRIATIONS BILL, 
                                  2017

                                _______
                                

  June 7, 2016.--Committed to the Committee of the Whole House on the 
              State of the Union and ordered to be printed

                                _______
                                

         Mr. Culberson, from the Committee on Appropriations, 
                        submitted the following

                              R E P O R T

                             together with

                             MINORITY VIEWS

                        [To accompany H.R. 5393]

    The Committee on Appropriations submits the following 
report in explanation of the accompanying bill making 
appropriations for Commerce, Justice, Science, and Related 
Agencies for the fiscal year ending September 30, 2017, and for 
other purposes.

                        INDEX TO BILL AND REPORT

                                                            Page number

                                                            Bill Report
Title I--Department of Commerce............................     2
                                                                      5
Title II--Department of Justice............................    23
                                                                     29
Title III--Science.........................................    58
                                                                     54
        Office of Science and Technology Policy............    58
                                                                     54
        National Aeronautics and Space Administration......    58
                                                                     55
        National Science Foundation........................    66
                                                                     68
Title IV--Related Agencies.................................    70
                                                                     72
        Commission on Civil Rights.........................    70
                                                                     72
        Equal Employment Opportunity Commission............    71
                                                                     72
        International Trade Commission.....................    72
                                                                     72
        Legal Services Corporation.........................    72
                                                                     72
        Marine Mammal Commission...........................    73
                                                                     73
        Office of the United States Trade Representative...    74
                                                                     73
        State Justice Institute............................    74
                                                                     74
Title V--General Provisions................................    76
                                                                     74
House of Representatives Reporting Requirements............
                                                                     78
Minority Views.............................................
                                                                    119

                         Highlights of the Bill

    The Commerce, Justice, Science, and Related Agencies 
Subcommittee has jurisdiction over a diverse group of agencies 
responsible for combating gangs, violent crime, drug 
trafficking, financial fraud, terrorism, espionage, and 
cybercrime; enforcing trade laws; conducting periodic censuses; 
forecasting the weather; managing fisheries; exploring space; 
and advancing science. The activities of these agencies impact 
nearly every American and are integral to the operations of our 
government.
    The bill provides a total of $56,001,000,000 in 
discretionary budget authority for fiscal year 2017, which is 
$279,000,000 or 0.5 percent above the fiscal year 2016 
discretionary enacted level.
    The bill provides $1,374,651,000 above the Administration's 
discretionary budget request. The funds above the 
Administration's request are necessary to address operational 
shortfalls left by the budget request proposal to fund the 
operations of the Federal government with over $3.8 billion in 
new unauthorized mandatory spending. The Administration also 
proposed increasing the savings applied to the bill from 
changes in mandatory programs by more than $1.8 billion over 
fiscal year 2016. The bill rejects these new mandatory funding 
gimmicks.
    Within the level of funds provided, the bill prioritizes 
funding for Federal law enforcement, national security, and the 
National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) while 
freezing, reducing, or eliminating funding for non-critical 
activities.
    For the Department of Justice, the bill provides an 
increase of $346,650,000 from the current year. This includes 
an increase of $279,098,000 for the Federal Bureau of 
Investigation (FBI) to enhance its efforts to combat 
cybercrime, terrorism, and espionage. The recommendation 
includes an increase of $34,859,000 to the Executive Office for 
Immigration Review for 25 additional Immigration Judge teams to 
markedly reduce case backlogs. The bill also supports the 
continued operations of critical Federal law enforcement 
agencies including the United States Marshals Service, the 
United States Attorneys, the Drug Enforcement Administration 
(DEA), the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives, 
and the Bureau of Prisons. For State and local law enforcement 
activities, the bill increases funds for Violence Against Women 
Prevention and Prosecutions Programs and Byrne Justice 
Assistance Grants. The bill also continues support for priority 
programs such as Adam Walsh Act, NICS background checks, the 
DNA initiative, Reducing Sexual Assault Kit Backlogs, the 
Second Chance Act, and the Missing and Exploited Children 
program. In order to combat the opioid epidemic, the bill 
includes $103,000,000 for the programs authorized by H.R. 5046, 
The Comprehensive Opioid Abuse Reduction Act of 2016. The bill 
also provides a $34,124,000 increase for DEA and a $10,135,000 
increase for Organized Crime and Drug Enforcement Task Forces.
    The Committee is extremely disappointed that the 
Administration's request proposes to reduce discretionary 
appropriations for NASA by over $1 billion from fiscal year 
2016. This lack of commitment to the country's space program is 
not shared by the Congress.
    NASA is a strategic asset to the nation. The Committee 
believes that additional investment is needed to maintain 
American leadership in space exploration and science, and for 
NASA to successfully execute all of its activities and 
missions. A bold space exploration program that engages the 
nation will inspire new generations of scientists and engineers 
and contribute to the economic success and space leadership of 
the country. The recommendation provides $19,507,000,000, an 
increase of $222,000,000 over fiscal year 2016 and 
$1,244,900,000 over the discretionary budget request. The bill 
advances space exploration and ensures our nation remains the 
world's leader in space exploration and technology, aeronautics 
research, and discovery in space and science. The bill provides 
for the continued development of the Orion crew vehicle, Space 
Launch System, and Exploration Ground Systems that will one day 
send astronauts beyond low Earth orbit. The bill continues 
funding for critical scientific missions and technology 
programs. The Committee directs NASA to follow the direction of 
the decadal surveys in prioritizing activities during fiscal 
year 2017 and in the future.
    For the National Science Foundation, the bill increases the 
Research and Related Activities appropriation by $45,785,000 
over the historically high fiscal year 2016 level.
    Within the Department of Commerce, the Patent and Trademark 
Office is funded at $3,230,000,000, which is the level of fee 
collections estimated by the Congressional Budget Office. 
Funding for the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration 
prioritizes improving weather forecasting, fisheries 
management, the Joint Polar Satellite System (JPSS) and the 
Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite-R Series 
(GOES-R).
    In order to fund the priority programs described above, the 
bill recommends terminating 31 programs, resulting in savings 
of more than $716,250,000 from the fiscal year 2016 level and 
$626,900,000 from the President's request for these same 
programs. In addition, the bill recommends freezing or reducing 
13 appropriation accounts in the Department of Commerce, 14 
appropriation accounts in the Department of Justice, and 5 
appropriation accounts in related agencies.

                      Oversight and Budget Review

    In furtherance of the Committee's oversight 
responsibilities and to protect hard earned taxpayer dollars, 
the Committee has included language that:
           Withholds funds for information technology 
        related to the 2020 census until a comprehensive 
        investment plan is provided to the Committee and the 
        Government Accountability Office.
           Caps total life-cycle costs for programs 
        that have a record of poor performance, including 
        weather satellites and the James Webb Space Telescope.
           Prohibits funding for the National Technical 
        Information Service to charge customers for a copy of a 
        document generated by the Legislative Branch unless the 
        customer is informed how to receive an electronic copy 
        free online.
           Requires monthly reporting on Immigration 
        Judge performance.
           Maintains limitations on the Department of 
        Justice's use of non-appropriated funds including the 
        Working Capital Fund and the Assets Forfeiture Fund.
           Requires quarterly reporting of unobligated 
        balances.
           Requires agencies to provide Inspectors 
        General with timely access to information.
           Requires agencies procuring sensitive 
        information technology systems to conduct supply chain 
        risk assessments.
           Requires contractors and grantees receiving 
        more than $5,000,000 to certify that they are not 
        delinquent on their Federal taxes.
           Limits the number of agency staff who can 
        attend overseas conferences.
           Requires agencies to track undisbursed grant 
        balances.
           Requires agencies to submit spending plans 
        for the Committee's review.
           Requires agencies to notify the Committee of 
        project cost overruns and mitigation plans.
           Requires agency computer networks to block 
        pornography.
    Paper Reduction Efforts.--The Committee urges the 
Departments of Commerce and Justice, the National Science 
Foundation, and NASA to work with the Office of Management and 
Budget to reduce printing and reproduction costs and directs 
each agency to report to the Committee within 60 days of 
enactment of this Act on the steps it has taken to achieve this 
goal. The report should specifically identify how much funding 
each agency expects to save by implementing these measures.

                        Reprogramming Procedures

    Section 505 of the bill contains language concerning the 
reprogramming of funds between programs, projects, and 
activities. The Committee reminds the departments and agencies 
funded in this bill that the reprogramming process is based on 
comity between the Congress and the Executive Branch. This 
process is intended to provide departments and agencies 
sufficient flexibility to meet changing circumstances and 
emergent requirements not known at the time of congressional 
review of the budget while preserving congressional priorities 
and intent. In the absence of comity and respect for the 
prerogatives of the Appropriations Committees and the Congress 
in general, the Committee may opt to include specific program 
limitations and details in legislation and remove language 
providing the flexibility to reallocate funds. Under these 
circumstances, programs, projects, and activities become 
absolutes and the Executive Branch shall lose the ability to 
propose changes in the use of appropriated funds except through 
legislative action.
    Each department and agency funded in this bill shall follow 
the directions set forth in this bill and the accompanying 
report, and shall not reallocate resources or reorganize 
activities except as provided herein. Reprogramming procedures 
shall apply to funds provided in this bill, unobligated 
balances from previous appropriations Acts that are available 
for obligation or expenditure in fiscal year 2017, and non-
appropriated resources such as fee collections that are used to 
meet program requirements in fiscal year 2017. As specified in 
section 505, the Committee expects that the Appropriations 
Subcommittees on Commerce, Justice, Science, and Related 
Agencies of the House and Senate will be notified by letter a 
minimum of 15 days prior to any reprogramming of funds that--
          (1) creates or initiates a new program, project, or 
        activity;
          (2) eliminates a program, project, or activity;
          (3) increases funds or personnel by any means for any 
        project or activity for which funds have been denied or 
        restricted;
          (4) relocates an office or employees;
          (5) reorganizes or renames offices, programs, or 
        activities;
          (6) contracts out or privatizes any functions or 
        activities presently performed by Federal employees;
          (7) augments existing programs, projects, or 
        activities in excess of $500,000 or 10 percent, 
        whichever is less, or reduces by 10 percent funding for 
        any program, project, or activity, or numbers of 
        personnel by 10 percent; or
          (8) results from any general savings, including 
        savings from a reduction in personnel, which would 
        result in a change in existing programs, projects, or 
        activities as approved by Congress.
    Any reprogramming request shall include any out-year 
budgetary impacts and a separate accounting of program or 
mission impacts on estimated carryover funds. The Committee 
further expects any department or agency funded in this bill 
that plans a reduction-in-force to notify the Committee by 
letter at least 30 days in advance of the date of any such 
planned personnel action.

            Relationship With Budget and Comptroller Offices

    Through the years the Appropriations Committee has 
channeled most of its inquiries and requests for information 
and assistance through the budget offices or comptroller 
organizations of the various departments, agencies, and 
commissions. Such relationships are necessary to accomplish the 
work of the Committee. While the Committee reserves the right 
to call upon all organizations in the departments, agencies and 
commissions for information and assistance, the primary contact 
between the Committee and these entities must be through the 
budget offices and comptroller organizations, or through a 
legislative affairs unit designated by the Committee to work on 
appropriations and budget matters.
    The workload generated in the budget process is large and 
growing; therefore, a positive, responsive relationship between 
the Committee and the budget and/or comptroller offices is 
essential for the Committee to fulfill the Constitutional 
appropriations responsibilities of Congress.

                                TITLE I


                         DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE


                   International Trade Administration


                     OPERATIONS AND ADMINISTRATION

    The Committee recommends $495,000,000 in total resources 
for the programs of the International Trade Administration 
(ITA), which is $2,000,000 above fiscal year 2016 and 
$38,421,000 below the request. This amount is offset by 
$12,000,000 in estimated fee collections, resulting in a direct 
appropriation of $483,000,000.
    Trade enforcement.--The recommendation funds Enforcement 
and Compliance at $2,000,000 above the request. Additionally, 
the Committee instructs the ITA to make the enforcement of 
antidumping and countervailing duties a priority, and 
recommends that the ITA specifically focus on expeditiously 
reducing case backlogs and thoroughly investigating the extent 
to which trade law evasion harms domestic industries.

                    Bureau of Industry and Security


                     OPERATIONS AND ADMINISTRATION

    The Committee recommends $114,000,000 for the Bureau of 
Industry and Security (BIS), which is $1,500,000 above fiscal 
year 2016 and $12,945,000 below the request. The recommendation 
funds the requested increase for Export Enforcement.

                  Economic Development Administration

    The Committee recommends $264,500,000 for the programs and 
administrative expenses of the Economic Development 
Administration (EDA), which is $3,500,000 above fiscal year 
2016, and $6,046,000 above the request.

                ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS

    The Committee recommends $225,000,000 for Economic 
Development Assistance Programs, which is $3,000,000 above 
fiscal year 2016 and $10,000,000 above the request. Funds shall 
be distributed as follows; any deviation shall be subject to 
the procedures set forth in section 505 of this Act:

 
 
 
Public Works..........................................      $102,000,000
Partnership Planning..................................        30,000,000
Technical Assistance..................................        10,500,000
Research and Evaluation...............................         1,500,000
Trade Adjustment Assistance...........................        12,000,000
Economic Adjustment Assistance........................        38,000,000
Regional Innovation Grants............................        16,000,000
Assistance to Coal Mining Communities.................        15,000,000
                                                       -----------------
    Total, Economic Development Assistance Programs...      $225,000,000
 

    Assistance to coal mining communities.--The Committee 
continues to support the long overdue POWER plan, which builds 
on the Committee's prior efforts to assist communities 
throughout the country that are suffering significant coal 
mining job losses. The recommendation includes not less than 
$15,000,000 to assist coal mining communities through the POWER 
Plan or other EDA initiatives. The Committee appreciates that 
EDA has engaged and is collaborating with local leaders and 
stakeholders, along with other Federal agencies, to develop 
comprehensive strategies to promote economic growth in coal 
mining communities. The Committee expects this effort to 
continue. Within the funds provided, the Committee directs EDA 
to assist communities that have yet to develop an economic 
development strategy to begin the planning process. For 
communities that have created economic development strategies, 
EDA shall provide assistance to implement the strategies, 
including the funding of authorized economic development 
projects. Within 90 days of enactment of this Act, EDA shall 
report to the Committee on its efforts to assist coal 
communities and the government-wide POWER Plan. The report 
shall include a detailed description on how EDA and other 
Federal agencies have assisted coal mining communities to date 
and how the Federal government plans to assist them in the 
future.

                         SALARIES AND EXPENSES

    The Committee recommends $39,500,000 for EDA salaries and 
expenses, which is a $500,000 increase over fiscal year 2016 
and $3,954,000 below the request.

                  Minority Business Development Agency


                     MINORITY BUSINESS DEVELOPMENT

    The Committee recommends $34,000,000 for the Minority 
Business Development Agency (MBDA), which is $2,000,000 above 
fiscal year 2016 and $1,613,000 below the request.
    Native American businesses.--With a portion of the provided 
increase, the Committee urges MBDA to ensure that it provides 
adequate support to Native American businesses and to fulfill 
the intent of Public Law 106-464. MBDA shall submit a report to 
the Committee within 90 days of enactment on the services it 
provides to Native American businesses and how these efforts 
will spur business, economic development, and tourism in Indian 
Country. The Committee encourages MBDA to evaluate how it can 
expand its outreach and capacity building assistance to Native 
American tribes around the country.

                   Economic and Statistical Analysis


                         SALARIES AND EXPENSES

    The Committee recommends $107,000,000 for economic and 
statistical analysis, which is $2,000,000 below fiscal year 
2016 and $7,643,000 below the request.

                          Bureau of the Census

    The Committee recommends a total of $1,470,000,000 for the 
Bureau of the Census, which is $100,000,000 above fiscal year 
2016 and $163,606,000 below the request.

                      CURRENT SURVEYS AND PROGRAMS

    The Committee recommends $270,000,000 for the Current 
Surveys and Programs, which is the same as the fiscal year 2016 
level and $15,287,000 below the request.
    Survey of Income and Program Participation (SIPP).--Within 
the amounts provided, Census shall continue the level of effort 
for the SIPP at no less than the fiscal year 2016 level.

                     PERIODIC CENSUSES AND PROGRAMS

                     (INCLUDING TRANSFER OF FUNDS)

    The Committee recommends a total of $1,200,000,000 for 
Periodic Censuses and Programs, which is $100,000,000 above the 
fiscal year 2016 level and $148,319,000 below the request. The 
recommendation provides for a transfer of $2,580,000 to the 
Department of Commerce Office of Inspector General (OIG) for 
oversight of the Census Bureau. The recommended increase will 
support completion of research and the beginning of design, 
development, and testing for the 2020 Census.
    American Community Survey (ACS).--The Committee is very 
concerned about the burdensome nature of the ACS and directs 
Census to focus on its core, constitutionally mandated 
decennial Census activities. The Bureau shall continue to 
provide quarterly briefings to the Committee on efforts to 
ensure the necessity of all the questions on the ACS; on 
efforts to ensure that non-response follow-up is conducted in 
the least intrusive manner; and on congressional outreach 
conducted by the Respondent Advocate.
    2020 Census lifecycle cost.--The Committee is concerned 
that the Bureau's lifecycle cost estimate for the 2020 Census 
may not reflect cost estimation best practices. The Committee 
understands that no guidance or standard methodology was used 
to account for risks in its cost estimate. The Committee also 
understands that documentation of the assumptions in the 
estimate is lacking. The Committee directs the Bureau to submit 
a report to the Committee and the Government Accountability 
Office (GAO), no later than 60 days after enactment of this 
Act, on the steps it will take to improve its cost estimation 
and the time frame for taking these steps.
    Census Enterprise Data Collection and Processing 
(CEDCaP).--The Committee supports the Bureau's efforts to 
develop a more flexible, automated and secure enterprise 
architecture that will enable Census to realize economies of 
scale to support data collection efforts. The Bureau shall 
continue to provide quarterly briefings regarding the status of 
these efforts. Information in these briefings shall include, 
but not be limited to, the current system's costs to maintain, 
the surveys supported, FTE associated with those systems, and 
the anticipated date that various IT systems will be retired 
and data merged onto the larger enterprise architecture. Census 
shall provide these reports concurrently to the OIG and GAO.
    The recommendation also includes bill language withholding 
50 percent of the funds for information technology related to 
2020 census delivery, including the CEDCaP program, until the 
Secretary submits to the Committees on Appropriations and the 
GAO an expenditure plan for CEDCaP.
    Language assistance and data on small population groups.--
The Committee is concerned about the availability of data on 
small population groups and the availability of language 
assistance for respondents to the Census surveys, including 
those who speak Asian languages, Pacific Islander languages, 
American Indian and Alaska Native languages, African languages, 
Spanish, and other languages. Not later than 90 days after the 
date of the enactment of this Act, the Census Bureau shall 
submit a report identifying the languages spoken by respondent 
populations most in need of language assistance, along with the 
availability of interviewers and materials for persons speaking 
these languages, and the steps the Bureau will take to reach 
these respondents and otherwise ensure the availability and 
accuracy of data for small population groups. The Bureau is 
additionally directed to communicate this information on a 
regular basis to Census Telephone Centers and regional offices 
to address emerging needs.
    The Committee also directs Census to increase outreach 
activities to historically undercounted communities, including 
colonias.
    Puerto Rico.--The Committee urges the Census Bureau to 
include all citizens of the United States, including those in 
Puerto Rico and other offshore jurisdictions, in its estimates 
of U.S. resident population and other national statistics.
    Rural areas.--The Committee directs the Census Bureau to 
report, not later than 90 days after enactment of this Act, on 
the steps it will take to reduce the margin of error and 
increase the accuracy of income statistics for rural areas.

       National Telecommunications and Information Administration


                         SALARIES AND EXPENSES

    The Committee recommends $36,322,000 for the salaries and 
expenses of the National Telecommunications and Information 
Administration (NTIA), which is $3,178,000 below fiscal year 
2016 and $14,519,000 below the request. With the ramp down of 
the Broadband Technology Grant Programs, funding for broadband 
program activity is reduced, as requested.
    Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers 
(ICANN).--The Committee remains concerned by NTIA's intent to 
transition certain Internet domain name functions to the global 
multistakeholder community. Any such transition represents a 
significant public policy change and should be preceded by an 
open and transparent process. In order for this issue to be 
considered more fully by the Congress, the Committee includes 
section 534 prohibiting funding for the transition.
    Low Power Television Translators.--The Committee is aware 
that following the current Broadcast Incentive Auction there 
will be a restacking of remaining broadcast spectrum holders. 
NTIA, in partnership with the Federal Communications 
Commission, shall develop a plan to address the needs of low 
power broadcasters during this transition.

               United States Patent and Trademark Office


                         SALARIES AND EXPENSES

                     (INCLUDING TRANSFERS OF FUNDS)

    The Committee recommends $3,230,000,000 for the United 
States Patent and Trademark Office (PTO), the full amount of 
fiscal year 2017 fee collections estimated by the Congressional 
Budget Office. The recommendation continues language making 
available any excess fee collections above the estimated level 
and the amounts appropriated in this Act. PTO shall continue to 
provide monthly reports on its actual and projected fee 
collections and performance. PTO shall also provide additional 
operations reporting to the Committee on a quarterly basis, 
including data on application volumes and staffing status.
    Patent and Trademark Fee Reserve Fund.--The recommendation 
includes bill language regarding excess fees deposited in the 
Patent and Trademark Fee Reserve Fund. The Committee reminds 
PTO that prior to obligating any of the funds in the Reserve 
Fund during fiscal year 2017, PTO shall submit to the Committee 
a reprogramming notification with a spending plan describing 
the intended uses of funds. The Committee expects that any such 
reprogramming will describe how the expenditure of these 
reserve funds will improve patent quality, reduce the backlog 
of pending applications and appeals, improve the information 
technology (IT) infrastructure, or otherwise improve the 
efficiency and effectiveness of PTO.
    Patents End 2 End (PE2E).--PTO shall continue to provide 
quarterly reports to the Committee on the status of this 
information technology project, including the proposed 
retirement of legacy IT systems, and cost savings associated 
with those retirements, and any efficiencies achieved in patent 
processing as a result of these IT investments. The Committee 
looks forward to receiving the fiscal year 2016 quarterly 
reports and expects the timely submission of these reports in 
fiscal year 2017.
    Addressing management failures.--During fiscal year 2014, 
serious management concerns came to light including two 
Inspector General reports: Review of Waste and Mismanagement at 
the Patent Trial and Appeal Board and Review of Conduct by a 
High-Ranking USPTO Official in the Hiring of a Trademark 
Organization Employee; and a PTO Internal Administrative 
Inquiry Report in response to an Inspector General Referral 
regarding abuse of telework programs at PTO. In July, 2015, the 
National Academy of Public Administration (NAPA) released its 
report, The United States Patent and Trademark Office: A 
Telework and Internal Control Program Review. The Committee 
notes that while PTO has implemented or is implementing many of 
NAPA's recommendations, there are still outstanding 
recommendations and progress to be made on them. During fiscal 
year 2017, the PTO shall continue to provide quarterly reports 
to the Committee on the implementation of reforms in response 
to recommendations in these reports and to ensure that employee 
time and attendance is appropriately managed and that nepotism 
is not tolerated. The Committee looks forward to receiving the 
fiscal year 2016 quarterly reports, and expects the timely 
submission of these reports in fiscal year 2017.
    Patent quality.--The Committee looks forward to receiving 
the fiscal year 2016 required report on patent quality. Within 
90 days of enactment of this Act, PTO shall submit an updated 
report to the Committee on the implementation of its Patent 
Quality Initiative, steps taken to improve patent quality in 
fiscal year 2016, and planned actions for fiscal year 2017.
    Government agencies.--The Committee believes the PTO should 
notify the appropriate government agency when an application 
for trademark is filed for official or colloquially used names 
for any real property managed by that agency.
    Intellectual Property Attaches.--The Committee supports the 
important work of the Intellectual Property Attache Program.

             National Institute of Standards and Technology

    The Committee recommends $865,000,000 for NIST, which is 
$99,000,000 below fiscal year 2016 and $149,519,000 below the 
request.
    Security.--The Committee is concerned about security-
related issues at NIST, in particular potential inappropriate 
access of foreign nationals to NIST facilities and information 
systems. The Committee directs NIST to coordinate with the 
Federal Bureau of Investigation to improve and standardize 
security training and enforcement across the agency and to 
ensure that security, counterintelligence, and export control 
functions are fully staffed.
    NIST shall continue to provide the following information to 
the Committee quarterly: an accounting of vacancy rates in 
security-related offices; a summary of all known security 
incidents occurring that quarter involving access violations by 
foreign nationals or the unauthorized transfer of proprietary 
or sensitive information; and a summary of any criminal or 
administrative sanctions applied that quarter due to violations 
of security-related laws or regulations.

             SCIENTIFIC AND TECHNICAL RESEARCH AND SERVICES

                     (INCLUDING TRANSFER OF FUNDS)

    The Committee recommends $680,000,000 for NIST's scientific 
and technical programs, which is $10,000,000 below fiscal year 
2016 and $50,533,000 below the request.
    Laboratory programs.--The recommendation includes 
$608,000,000 for NIST Laboratory programs.
    Standards Coordination and Special Programs.--The 
recommendation includes $55,000,000 for standards coordination 
and special programs. Within these amounts, up to $5,000,000 is 
included to maintain NIST's current forensic research and 
standards work. The recommendation does not include funds to 
support or operate Forensic Science Advisory Committees.
    Lab-to-market.--The recommendation does not provide funding 
for the lab-to-market program.
    Urban Dome.--The recommendation does not provide funding 
for the Urban Dome program.
    Cybersecurity.--The Committee is aware that the nation's 
retail sector is vulnerable to and targeted by cyberattacks. 
The Committee encourages NIST to build on its existing 
industry-sector focused work to create a retail-specific 
cybersecurity initiative and partner, as appropriate, with 
academic entities and national leaders in retail cybersecurity 
and retail supply chain management and logistics.
    Disaster resiliency.--As part of its efforts to improve the 
resiliency of buildings, NIST's Engineering Division is 
encouraged to partner with academic research institutions that 
have expertise in mitigating the effects of natural disasters 
to study and recommend best practices for resilient planning 
and construction. The Committee also urges NIST to study 
building standards and develop recommendations on how building 
standards for buildings, homes, and infrastructure could be 
improved (e.g. fortified structures and durability of 
materials) to enhance resiliency.
    Textile research.--The Committee recognizes the importance 
of the U.S. textile industry and encourages NIST to pursue 
advanced textile and apparel research and manufacturing 
activities.
    NIST budget structure.--The Committee encourages NIST to 
work to bring greater transparency into its budget structure 
and provide additional detail in its budget justifications 
about base laboratory funding, rather than just program changes 
and new initiatives.
    Internet of Things.--The Committee recognizes the 
importance of United States leadership in addressing security 
concerns for users and data within the Internet of Things and 
commends NIST for its ongoing work in this area, including the 
2015 release of a draft framework for cyber-physical systems. 
In conjunction with this and other ongoing efforts related to 
cybersecurity, the Committee encourages NIST to continue 
strengthening its cybersecurity measurement science and 
standard-setting efforts related to the Internet of Things, 
including, but not limited to, industry-led best practices such 
as network segmentation.

                     INDUSTRIAL TECHNOLOGY SERVICES

    The Committee recommends $135,000,000 for Industrial 
Technology Services, which is $20,000,000 below fiscal year 
2016 and $53,991,000 below the request. This amount includes 
$130,000,000 for the Manufacturing Extension Partnership (MEP) 
and $5,000,000 for the National Network for Manufacturing 
Innovation.
    Program efficiencies.--The Committee is aware of recent 
efforts by MEP to examine ways to reduce administrative costs 
and provide more direct assistance to the centers. Accordingly, 
MEP shall provide to the Committee an updated report within 60 
days of enactment of this Act detailing the amount of funds to 
be maintained at headquarters and the uses of those funds. NIST 
shall also provide the Committee with updates on the status of 
recompetition of the centers.

                  CONSTRUCTION OF RESEARCH FACILITIES

    The Committee recommends $50,000,000 for NIST construction, 
which is $69,000,000 below fiscal year 2016 and $44,995,000 
below the request. NIST shall continue to provide updates on 
the projects funded within this account, to include milestones 
and total amount of funding necessary for completion.

            National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

    The Committee recommends a total of $5,580,575,000 in 
discretionary funds for the National Oceanic and Atmospheric 
Administration (NOAA), which is $185,004,000 below fiscal year 
2016 and $267,668,000 below the request. The recommendation 
prioritizes funding for National Weather Service (NWS) 
operations, weather research, and related satellite programs, 
and the National Marine Fisheries Service.
    Information technology security.--The Committee is 
encouraged by NOAA's efforts to address the security 
deficiencies in National Environmental Satellite, Data and 
Information Service's (NESDIS') information systems, but there 
is still considerable room for improvement. The Committee 
expects NESDIS and NWS to continue to make progress in this 
area.
    NOAA Environmental Security Computing Center.--The 
Committee supports the NOAA Environmental Security Computing 
Center and expects it to be adequately funded within the 
amounts provided.
    Partnering with the private sector.--The Committee 
encourages NOAA to purchase services from the private sector 
when such services are available, cost effective, and 
practicable.
    Extramural research.--The Committee believes that NOAA 
benefits from collaboration with academia and the private 
sector through cooperative institutes and competitive research. 
These relationships build broad community engagement, leverage 
external funding for mission-oriented research, strengthen the 
science within NOAA, and advance scientific knowledge.
    Regional Biosecurity Plan for Micronesia and Hawaii.--The 
Regional Biosecurity Plan for Micronesia and Hawaii is an 
important planning and guidance document to proactively address 
the threat of invasive species in the Pacific. Within one year 
of enactment of this Act, NOAA shall submit a report to the 
Committee on the activities NOAA has taken to implement the 
plan.

                  OPERATIONS, RESEARCH, AND FACILITIES

                     (INCLUDING TRANSFER OF FUNDS)

    The Committee recommends a total program level of 
$3,445,664,000 under this account for the coastal, fisheries, 
marine, weather, satellite, and other programs of NOAA. This 
total funding level includes $3,298,000,000 in direct 
appropriations, a transfer of $130,164,000 from balances in the 
``Promote and Develop Fishery Products and Research Pertaining 
to American Fisheries'' account and $17,500,000 derived from 
recoveries of prior year obligations. The direct appropriation 
of $3,298,000,000 is $7,813,000 below fiscal year 2016 and 
$196,180,000 below the request.
    The following narrative descriptions and tables identify 
the specific activities and funding levels included in this 
Act.
    National Ocean Service.--The recommendation provides 
$475,140,000 for National Ocean Service, operations, research, 
and facilities.

                         NATIONAL OCEAN SERVICE
                  Operations, Research, and Facilities
                        (in thousands of dollars)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                        Program                              Amount
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Navigation, Observations and Positioning
  Navigation, Observations and Positioning............        $139,570
  Integrated Ocean Observing System Regional                    31,500
   Observations.......................................
  Hydrographic Survey Priorities/Contracts............          25,000
                                                       -----------------
Navigation, Observations and Positioning..............         196,070
                                                       =================
Coastal Science and Assessment
  Coastal Science, Assessment, Response and                     70,000
   Restoration........................................
  Competitive External Research.......................           9,000
                                                       -----------------
Coastal Science and Assessment........................          79,000
                                                       =================
Ocean and Coastal Management and Services
  Coastal Zone Management and Services................          39,570
  Coastal Zone Management Grants......................          65,000
  Coral Reef Program..................................          26,000
  Sanctuaries and Marine Protected Areas..............          49,000
  National Estuarine Research Reserve System..........          20,500
                                                       -----------------
Ocean and Coastal Management and Services.............         200,070
                                                       =================
Total, National Ocean Service, Operations, Research,          $475,140
 and Facilities.......................................
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Navigation, Observations and Positioning.--The 
recommendation provides $196,070,000 for Navigation, 
Observations, and Positioning. Within this amount, the 
Committee expects NOAA to prioritize its mission-critical 
responsibilities including mapping and charting, geodesy, 
tides, and current data activities. The Committee does not 
support the proposed termination of the Regional Geospatial 
Modeling Grant program or the proposed decrease for 
Hydrographic Research and Technology Development.
    Integrated Ocean Observing System (IOOS).--The 
recommendation includes $31,500,000 for IOOS regional 
observations. The Committee supports ongoing efforts to examine 
ways to increase use of autonomous gliders, and encourages IOOS 
to procure additional autonomous gliders, as appropriate.
    Bathymetry.--The Committee encourages NOAA to pursue 
innovative bathymetric technology as a potential contributor to 
NOAA's overall hydrographic surveying mission.
    Marine Debris Program.--The Committee appreciates the work 
that the Marine Debris Program has done to address marine 
debris affecting the ocean, coastal, and Great Lakes 
environment, as well as navigation safety in the United States. 
The Committee urges the Marine Debris Program to continue its 
work to reduce and prevent the amount of plastic debris 
entering the oceans.
    Harmful Algal Blooms.--The Committee remains concerned 
about the increasing prevalence of Harmful Algal Blooms and the 
effect of the related toxins, especially in the Great Lakes. 
The Committee supports the ongoing work of the National Centers 
for Coastal Ocean Science on Harmful Algal Blooms.
    Competitive external research.--The Committee supports 
scientific research sponsored through collaboration with 
external academic institutions that focuses on the conservation 
of corals and coral reef ecosystems within U.S. waters, which 
is important for management of coral reefs at the State, local, 
and territory level, and for the implementation of the National 
Coral Reef Action Strategy.
    Coastal Zone Management.--Matching grants are an important 
tool in ensuring State and local partners are committed to 
working with NOAA on coastal activities. Section 306 grants 
require a 1:1 match under the Coastal Zone Management Act, and 
the Committee expects NOAA to continue to require a 50 percent 
match for the Regional Coastal Resilience Grants.
    Coastal and Ocean Economy.--Of the funding provided for 
National Ocean Service, $1,500,000 shall be used for NOAA to 
develop a Coastal and Ocean Economy Satellite account with the 
Bureau of Economic Analysis in order to develop a working 
definition of the industries and commodities to be included in 
the account, identify businesses that are ocean-dependent, and 
describe in numerical terms the relationship between the ocean 
economy and the U.S. economy as a whole.
    National Marine Fisheries Service.--The Committee 
recommends $860,835,000 for National Marine Fisheries Service 
operations, research, and facilities.

                    NATIONAL MARINE FISHERIES SERVICE
                  Operations, Research, and Facilities
                        (in thousands of dollars)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                        Program                              Amount
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Protected Resources Science and Management
  Marine Mammals, Sea Turtles and Other Species.......        $118,107
  Species Recovery Grants.............................           6,000
  Atlantic Salmon.....................................           6,224
  Pacific Salmon......................................          63,500
                                                       -----------------
Protected Resources Science and Management............         193,831
                                                       =================
Fisheries Science and Management
  Fisheries and Ecosystem Science Programs and                 139,489
   Services...........................................
  Fisheries Data Collections, Surveys and Assessments.         164,749
  Observers and Training..............................          43,464
  Fisheries Management Programs and Services..........         118,500
  Aquaculture.........................................           3,500
  Salmon Management Activities........................          35,500
  Regional Councils and Fisheries Commissions.........          34,250
  Interjurisdictional Fisheries Grants................           3,000
                                                       -----------------
Fisheries Science and Management......................         542,452
                                                       =================
Enforcement...........................................          68,698
                                                       =================
Habitat Conservation and Restoration..................          55,854
                                                       =================
Total, National Marine Fisheries Service, Operations,         $860,835
 Research, and Facilities.............................
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Protected Resources Science and Management.--The Committee 
recommends $193,831,000 for Protected Resources Science and 
Management programs. Within available resources, the Committee 
encourages NOAA to maintain funding for marine mammal stranding 
grants.
    Hatchery and Genetic Management Plans.--Within the funds 
provided for Pacific Salmon, $5,000,000 is included to address 
the backlog of Hatchery and Genetic Management Plans. The 
Committee remains concerned by the existing and growing backlog 
of these plans and encourages NOAA to continue contracting with 
the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, State Agencies, Tribes, and 
the Hatchery Scientific Review Group as appropriate to expedite 
approval.
    Electronic monitoring.--The recommendation includes 
$10,500,000, which is $3,500,000 above the request, for 
development and implementation of electronic monitoring and 
reporting technologies. Electronic technologies, such as e-
logbooks and video monitoring systems, can significantly 
improve total catch measurement and reduce uncertainty in the 
data needed for stock assessments.
    Stock assessments.--The Committee recognizes that NOAA 
fisheries stock assessments are the cornerstone of fishery 
conservation and management measurements, but the current stock 
assessment data inputs must be improved. The Committee 
continues to provide significant funding to NOAA for fishery 
surveys and other activities in support of stock assessments, 
yet problems persist with the frequency of surveys, adequacy of 
the data, and the use of independent research in developing 
stock assessments. NOAA shall continue to provide quarterly 
briefings to the Committee on its stock assessment program, to 
include but not be limited to, its process for determining its 
yearly data collection efforts, specific costs for each survey, 
and protocols for ingesting fishery independent data.
    Gulf of Mexico stock assessments.--The Committee recognizes 
the economic, cultural and recreational value of the Red 
Snapper fishery in the Gulf of Mexico. Within the amount 
provided for Fisheries Data Collections, Surveys and 
Assessments, $10,000,000 is provided for competitive awards to 
develop and implement agency-independent innovative strategies 
and alternative methods to improve research, monitoring, and 
stock assessments of reef fish in the Gulf of Mexico. Agency 
independent data shall be incorporated into NOAA stock 
assessments as expeditiously as possible, and may include data 
from academia and fishermen, including fishery data collected 
on artificial reefs, offshore oil platforms and other offshore 
fixed energy exploration infrastructure. Not later than 60 days 
after the enactment of this Act, NOAA shall report to the 
Committee on how new technologies and alternative methods will 
be used to accurately assess fish populations and how these 
data will be used for fishery management decisions. NMFS is 
directed to improve its communications with stakeholders on the 
stock assessment process and outcome. The Committee remains 
concerned about the negative impacts of the short recreational 
fishing season for Red Snapper in the Gulf of Mexico on the 
local economies the fishery supports.
    Protection of Native Anadromous Fish in the Stanislaus 
River, California.--The bill includes section 541, which 
directs the Secretary to implement a non-native predator fish 
research and pilot removal program on the Stanislaus River, 
California. The program shall include methods to quantify the 
number and size of predator fish removed each year, the impact 
of such removal on the overall abundance of predator fish, and 
the impact of such removal on the populations of juvenile 
anadromous fish found in the Stanislaus River by, among other 
things, evaluating the number of juvenile anadromous fish that 
migrate past the rotary screw traps located at Caswell and 
Oakdale. The program shall consider removal methods such as 
wire fyke trapping, portable resistance board weirs, and boat 
electrofishing.
    The Committee expects NMFS to work collaboratively with the 
districts on all aspects of the program, including scientists, 
research questions, experimental design, management, personnel, 
techniques, data collection, reporting, conduct, posting of 
data and having an independent review of the program upon 
completion.
    NMFS shall ensure compliance of all contractors and 
employees involved with the program, including an annual 
accounting of costs to be borne by the districts, and any prior 
year funds remaining or owed, and an annual timeline for data 
collecting and posting by December 1st of each year.
    Within 60 days of the enactment of this Act, NMFS shall 
report to the Committee on the progress it has made in 
establishing the pilot program, the status of engagement with 
the districts and the timeline for the pilot program. Within 
180 days of completion of the pilot program NMFS and the 
districts shall submit to the Committee a final report 
evaluating the effectiveness of the program and making 
recommendations for future nonnative predator fish research and 
removal work.
    Finally, the Committee has also provided language 
clarifying the program's relationship to Title XXXIV of P.L. 
102-575.
    Observers.--The Committee directs NMFS to continue working 
with regional fishery programs to adequately support at-sea and 
dockside monitoring for fisheries with approved catch share 
management plans.
    Fish Information Networks.--The Committee supports the Fish 
Information Networks, the State-Federal cooperative programs 
that coordinate data collection, data management, and 
informational management essential for accurate monitoring of 
commercial and recreational fishing impacts. Fish Information 
Networks shall be adequately funded within the level of funding 
provided for Fisheries Data, Collections, Surveys and 
Assessments.
    Southeast Area Monitoring and Assessment Program 
(SEAMAP).--SEAMAP is designed to collect, manage, and 
disseminate fishery-independent data in the southeastern U.S.to 
better inform management decisions. The Committee supports 
SEAMAP, and encourages NOAA to ensure it has adequate resources 
to complete its mission.
    Highly Migratory Species.--The Committee encourages NOAA to 
competitively award studies of highly migratory fish species in 
the Atlantic and Gulf of Mexico. These species could greatly 
benefit from improved, science-based management and 
conservation. Research funded could look at age and growth of 
highly migratory species, stock abundance, migratory patterns, 
and bycatch reduction technologies.
    Cooperative research.--The recommendation includes 
$12,000,000 within Fisheries Data Collections, Surveys and 
Assessments for cooperative research, which shall be used to 
support external, independent data collection and other 
research. The Committee expects that all funding provided shall 
be used for cooperative fisheries research and not for NOAA 
activities or administrative overhead costs. NOAA shall submit 
a report no later than 90 days after enactment of this Act 
listing all cooperative research grants funded in fiscal year 
2016, to include the amount, the fishery, the type of 
information collected, and the expected uses for that data. The 
Committee is concerned that cooperative research is not 
ingested into fishery stock assessments in a timely manner. The 
report shall address NOAA procedures and timeframes for making 
use of this independent fisheries research.
    Horseshoe crabs.--While funding was identified for the 2016 
horseshoe crab survey, continuing this survey in fiscal year 
2017 is important for the management of this species. NOAA 
shall work to continue the survey of the horseshoe crab 
population to generate the data necessary to ensure that the 
horseshoe crab stock remains on a sustainable path.
    Atlantic Striped Bass fishery.--The Committee supports the 
continued development of a sex specific stock assessment model. 
States produce valuable data on Atlantic Striped Bass, and the 
Committee supports the inclusion of this data in population 
estimates as appropriate. NOAA shall report to the Committee on 
these efforts within 180 days of enactment of this Act.
    Salmon Management.--The Committee supports NOAA's ongoing 
work on salmon genetic stock identification research, including 
efforts in collection, analysis and testing of methods to 
identify and track the location of Federally protected stocks 
in the wild, and provides $2,000,000 for these efforts. 
Additionally, within the amounts provided for Salmon 
Management, $13,000,000 is available for the Pacific Salmon 
Treaty.
    Megafauna tagging studies.--The Committee encourages NMFS 
to pursue satellite and acoustic tagging studies of megafauna, 
such as sharks and rays, in partnership with National Marine 
Sanctuaries, to track local and regional movement of these 
animals for sanctuary management.
    Oceanic and Atmospheric Research.--The Committee 
recommendation includes $437,625,000 for Oceanic and 
Atmospheric Research (OAR) operations, research, and 
facilities. Given continued resource constraints, it is 
incumbent on NOAA to ensure that its research programs support 
the operational mission of each NOAA line office and that 
research efforts are an integral component in meeting line 
office program goals and milestones.

               OFFICE OF OCEANIC AND ATMOSPHERIC RESEARCH
                  Operations, Research, and Facilities
                        (In thousands of dollars)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                        Program                              Amount
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Climate Research
  Laboratories and Cooperative Institutes.............         $50,000
  Regional Climate Data and Information...............          38,000
  Climate Competitive Research, Sustained Observations          40,000
   and Regional Information...........................
                                                       -----------------
Climate Research......................................         128,000
                                                       =================
Weather and Air Chemistry Research
  Laboratories and Cooperative Institutes.............          80,000
  U.S. Weather Research Program.......................           8,000
  Tornado Severe Storm Research/Phased Array Radar....          13,158
  Joint Technology Transfer Initiative................          17,000
                                                       -----------------
Weather and Air Chemistry Research....................         118,158
                                                       =================
Ocean, Coastal and Great Lakes Research
  Laboratories and Cooperative Institutes.............          25,000
  National Sea Grant College Program..................          64,000
  Marine Aquaculture Program..........................           2,000
  Ocean Exploration and Research......................          36,000
  Integrated Ocean Acidification......................          10,500
  Sustained Ocean Observations and Monitoring.........          41,823
                                                       -----------------
Ocean, Coastal and Great Lakes Research...............         179,323
                                                       =================
 
High Performance Computing Initiatives................          12,144
                                                       =================
Total, Office of Oceanic and Atmospheric Research,            $437,625
 Operations, Research, and Facilities.................
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Regional Climate Data and Information.--Within amounts 
provided for Regional Climate Data and Information, the 
recommendation includes $13,500,000 for the National Integrated 
Drought Information System (NIDIS) to support competitive 
research grants, maintain existing NIDIS activities, and 
develop and expand the Regional Drought Early Warning 
Information System.
    Independent analysis.--NOAA is encouraged to increase 
funding for academia to perform independent climate model 
evaluation studies and to enable the production of atmospheric 
data sets from satellite observations for such studies. 
Satellite observations of the atmosphere provide information 
that is critical in the interpretation of Earth-based 
observations and in the evaluation and improvement of climate 
model simulations.
    Weather and Air Chemistry Research.--The Committee includes 
$118,158,000 for Weather and Air Chemistry Research, an 
increase of $15,000,000 above fiscal year 2016, and encourages 
NOAA to continue research efforts that lead to near-term, 
affordable, and attainable advances in observational, 
computing, and modeling capabilities to deliver substantial 
improvements in weather forecasting for the protection of life 
and property. NOAA shall substantially accelerate the 
transition of its research to operations in ways easily adopted 
by the operational forecasting community.
    Joint Technology Transfer Initiative.--The recommendation 
includes $17,000,000 to expand the Joint Technology Transfer 
Initiative established in fiscal year 2016. These activities 
should be coordinated with the activities of OAR's U.S. Weather 
Research Program and the National Weather Service's Science and 
Technology Integration Program.
    Multi-Function Phased Array Radar (MPAR) Program.--The 
Committee recognizes the importance of the MPAR program in the 
development and implementation of the next generation weather 
and aircraft radar network. The Committee directs NOAA to 
maintain its role in the MPAR research and development effort 
and encourages the continued work on a memorandum of 
understanding between NOAA, the Federal Aviation 
Administration, the Department of Defense and the Department of 
Homeland Security that delineates each agency's needs regarding 
function and timeline of a joint MPAR system.
    Severe weather studies.--The Southeastern United States 
commonly experiences devastating tornadoes under variables and 
conditions that differ considerably from the conditions in 
other areas. OAR shall continue, at no less than the current 
year level, the Vortex-SE initiative to better understand how 
environmental factors that are characteristic of the Southeast 
United States affect the formation, intensity and storm path of 
tornadoes for this region.
    Laboratories and Cooperative Institutes.--The Committee 
recognizes the important role that the coordinated NOAA 
Laboratories and Cooperative Institutes play in fulfilling 
NOAA's Mission Goals and Strategic Plan. To continue to fulfill 
NOAA's mission, NOAA should enhance its support of advanced 
monitoring and predictive modeling to explore deep water issues 
and their effect on the U.S. coastline. The Committee 
encourages NOAA to expand the role Cooperative Institutes play 
in fulfilling this role, and to consider how additional 
Cooperative Institutes, or consortia partners, could strengthen 
NOAA's ability to support this monitoring and modeling.
    Ocean Exploration and Research.--The Committee recommends 
$36,000,000 for Ocean Exploration and Research. NOAA's ocean 
exploration program should continue to conduct fundamental 
exploration and surveys of the world's oceans with a primary 
focus on America's Exclusive Economic Zones of the Continental 
United States, Alaska, Puerto Rico, Hawaii, the U.S. Virgin 
Islands and the Pacific Territories. The Committee encourages 
NOAA to continue ocean exploration in which open source data 
are collected in real-time through tele-presence technology. 
The Committee encourages NOAA to emphasize areas for 
exploration that may be of interest to NOAA laboratories, 
including deep water regions of marine protected areas. The 
Committee encourages NOAA to partner with non-government 
organizations, academic institutions, and other government 
agencies including the National Science Foundation, in these 
activities and, to the extent appropriate, share costs with 
these partners. The Committee looks forward to receiving the 
report required in fiscal year 2016 on this topic.
    Supporting the mapping and cataloguing of mineral wealth.-- 
The Committee directs NOAA to continue and expand its important 
work of mapping the Extended Continental Shelf, which provides 
significant assistance in the assessment, identification, 
analysis and cataloguing of mineral wealth and rare earth 
elements, done by the United States Geological Survey and the 
Bureau of Ocean Energy Management.
    Integrated Ocean Acidification Research.--The Committee 
encourages NOAA, in coordination with the Office of Science and 
Technology Policy, to implement a program to competitively 
award prizes under the Stevenson-Wydler Technology Innovation 
Act of 1980 (15 U.S.C. 3719) to stimulate innovation to advance 
the understanding, research, or monitoring of ocean 
acidification or its impacts; or to develop management or 
adaptation options for responding to ocean acidification. In 
prize competitions, the Committee encourages NOAA to prioritize 
communities, environments, or industries that are in distress 
due to the impacts of ocean acidification.
    Adaptation and mitigation for ocean acidification.--The 
Committee encourages NOAA to continue to develop ocean 
monitoring and modeling capabilities, as well as vulnerability 
assessments, necessary to support research on innovative 
methods to mitigate and adapt to ocean acidification, such as 
biological uptake and iron fertilization. As GAO noted in its 
2014 report on ocean acidification, the Federal Government has 
yet to develop adaptation and mitigation strategies as required 
by the Federal Ocean Acidification Research and Monitoring Act 
of 2009. The Committee encourages NOAA to actively pursue the 
research necessary to develop these strategies. Additionally 
the Committee encourages NOAA to convene an advisory board of 
representative stakeholders to direct research activities 
towards adaptation and mitigation.
    Mariculture.--Within Sea Grant, $1,000,000 is provided for 
a competitive award to develop advanced technology for open 
ocean agrarian mariculture in America's Exclusive Economic 
Zone.
    Lionfish.--These invasive species have adverse effects on 
many local communities. The Committee encourages Sea Grant to 
seek to award competitive grants to address issues related to 
management of these species.
    National Weather Service (NWS).--The Committee recommends 
$988,834,000 for NWS operations, research, and facilities, 
which is $12,327,000 above the request, to maintain critical 
capabilities to provide weather forecasts and warnings. Within 
the funds provided, the Committee supports the proposed 
improvements for Integrated Water Prediction.

                        NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE
                  Operations, Research, and Facilities
                        (in thousands of dollars)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                        Program                              Amount
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Observations..........................................        $222,996
Central Processing....................................          98,388
Analyze, Forecast and Support.........................         485,931
Dissemination.........................................          49,563
Science and Technology Integration....................         131,956
                                                       =================
Total, National Weather Service, Operations, Research,        $988,834
 and Facilities.......................................
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Analyze, Forecast, and Support.--The recommendation 
includes $485,931,000 for analyze, forecast, and support 
activities. The analyze, forecast, and support program funds 
the operation of the Weather Forecast Offices (WFOs), River 
Forecast Centers (RFCs), the seven National Centers and the 
Tsunami Warning Centers. The recommended level will support 
24x7 weather surveillance, forecast and warning services, and 
operation of the service centers. The Committee does not 
support the proposed elimination of the National Tsunami Hazard 
Mitigation Program grants.
    Observations.--The recommendation includes $222,996,000 for 
observation activities. This funding supports surface, ocean 
and upper air observations, Next Generation Weather Radar 
(NEXRAD), the Automated Surface Observing System, ocean buoys 
and aircraft observations.
    NEXRAD Coverage Report.--NOAA shall complete a study on 
gaps in NEXRAD coverage. Within this study, NOAA shall identify 
areas in the United States with limited or no NEXRAD coverage 
below 6,000 feet above ground level of the surrounding terrain. 
NOAA should identify the effects on prediction of improved 
radar detection, and identify additional sources of 
observations for high impact weather that are currently 
available and operational for such areas. NOAA shall assess the 
feasibility and advisability of efforts to integrate and 
upgrade Federal radar capabilities and incorporate other non-
NOAA radars into NWS operations in such areas, and the cost and 
timeline for carrying out such radar improvements. NOAA shall 
submit the study findings to the Committee within 180 days of 
enactment of this Act. Not later than 30 days after the 
completion of the study, NOAA shall develop a plan to improve 
radar coverage in the identified areas.
    Science and Technology Integration.--The recommendation 
includes $131,956,000 for Science and Technology Integration 
activities. This program funds NWS internal research and 
development activities in cooperation with other NOAA line 
offices, partner agencies, and external weather data customers. 
This level supports the proposed increase for an integrated 
approach to move from research to operations.
    Central Processing.--The recommendation provides 
$98,388,000 for Central Processing including funds for the 
Advanced Weather Interactive Processing System, the Advanced 
Hydrologic Prediction System, modeling and supercomputing 
programs. The recommendation does not adopt the proposed 
reduction in information technology officers.
    Dissemination.--The recommendation includes $49,563,000 for 
Dissemination activities. This activity funds the 
communications technology that NWS uses to collect, tailor and 
distribute its data and products. Systems in this program 
include the telecommunications gateway, NOAA weather radio, and 
the satellite data ground readiness program.
    National Environmental Satellite, Data and Information 
Service (NESDIS).--The Committee recommends $230,062,000 for 
NESDIS operations, research, and facilities. The Committee 
recommendation includes proposed operational phase transfers 
for GOES-R, Jason-3 and DSCOVR.

     NATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL SATELLITE, DATA AND INFORMATION SERVICE
                  Operations, Research, and Facilities
                        (in thousands of dollars)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                        Program                              Amount
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Environmental Satellite Observing Systems
  Satellite and Product Operations....................        $121,000
  NSOF operations.....................................          14,000
                                                       -----------------
Office of Satellite and Product Operations............         135,000
                                                       =================
Product Development, Readiness and Application........          32,355
                                                       =================
  Commercial Remote Sensing Regulatory Affairs........           2,000
  Office of Space Commercialization...................           2,000
  Group on Earth Observations.........................             500
                                                       -----------------
Environmental Satellite Observing Systems.............         171,855
                                                       =================
National Centers for Environmental Information........          58,207
                                                       =================
Total, National Environmental Satellite, Data and             $230,062
 Information Service, Operations, Research, and
 Facilities...........................................
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Office of Satellite and Product Operations.--The 
recommendation includes $135,000,000 for the Office of 
Satellite and Product Operations. This activity funds the 
command and control of NOAA operational environmental 
satellites.
    Commercial Remote Sensing Regulatory Affairs.--The 
Committee expects timely compliance with Title II of Public Law 
114-90, and adherence to other timeframes currently required 
under the regulation.
    NOAA Satellite Observing System Architecture.--NOAA shall 
brief the Committee on the results of this study, and 
associated proposed technology demonstrations, upon its 
completion in fiscal year 2017. The Committee encourages NOAA 
to include new and commercial technology insertion as part of 
this architecture study.
    National Centers for Environmental Information (NCEI).--The 
recommendation includes $58,207,000 for the NCEI. This program 
is the official data management entity for oceanographic, 
geophysical, and climatological information within the United 
States. The six Regional Climate Centers shall be funded at no 
less than their current operating level. The Committee supports 
NCEI's long term efforts in coastal data development to better 
understand historical trends, anomalies, and the frequency of 
event occurrences.
    Commercialization of Spectrum.--The budget request proposes 
to auction, or assign via fee, 1675-1680 MHz, a band of radio 
frequency spectrum that NOAA currently uses. The Committee 
notes the high value of spectrum assignments, and encourages 
NOAA to consolidate spectrum holdings where appropriate. Within 
30 days of enactment of this Act, NOAA shall report to the 
Committee on its plans to make spectrum available for auction.
    Mission Support.--The recommendation includes $232,792,000 
for Mission Support operations, research, and facilities. The 
recommendation accepts proposed technical transfers for the 
David Skaggs Research Center and the Western Regional Center.

                             MISSION SUPPORT
                  Operations, Research, and Facilities
                        (in thousands of dollars)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                        Program                              Amount
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Mission Support
  Executive Leadership................................         $27,000
  Mission Services and Management.....................         124,811
  IT Security.........................................          10,050
  Payment to DOC Working Capital Fund.................          46,500
                                                       -----------------
Mission Support.......................................         208,361
                                                       =================
Office of Education
  BWET Regional Programs..............................           5,000
  Education Partnership Program/Minority Serving                14,431
   Institutions.......................................
  NOAA Education Program Base.........................           5,000
                                                       -----------------
Office of Education...................................          24,431
                                                       =================
Total, Mission Support, Operations, Research and              $232,792
 Facilities...........................................
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Management and administrative costs.--The Committee notes 
that in addition to Mission Services, each line office also 
includes its own ``Headquarters Program Support'' costs. NOAA 
shall continue efforts to standardize the treatment of 
management and administrative costs in each line office in a 
manner that maximizes transparency and accountability, and 
reduce or eliminate unnecessary non-mission costs. The 
Committee also encourages NOAA to expeditiously dispose of 
vacant properties.
    Office of Education.--The Committee includes $24,431,000, 
$7,950,000 above the request, for NOAA's education program. Of 
this amount, $14,431,000 is provided to continue the 
Educational Partnership Program with Minority Serving 
Institutions, and $5,000,000 is provided to continue the Bay-
Watershed Education and Training (B-WET) regional programs.
    Office of Marine and Aviation Operations.--The 
recommendation includes $220,376,000 for the Office of Marine 
and Aviation Operations, operations, research and facilities.

                OFFICE OF MARINE AND AVIATION OPERATIONS
                  Operations, Research, and Facilities
                        (in thousands of dollars)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                        Program                              Amount
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Office of Marine and Aviation Operations
  Marine Operations and Maintenance...................        $184,376
  Aviation Operations and Aircraft Services...........          36,000
                                                       =================
Office of Marine and Aviation Operations..............        $220,376
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Relocation.--Within the level of funds provided, the 
Committee expects NOAA to sufficiently fund the relocation and 
rent costs associated with the forced move of the Aircraft 
Operations Center.

               Procurement, Acquisition and Construction


                     (INCLUDING TRANSFER OF FUNDS)

    The Committee recommends a total program level of 
$2,230,635,000 in direct obligations under this heading, of 
which $2,217,635,000 is appropriated from the general fund and 
$13,000,000 is derived from recoveries of prior year 
obligations. The direct appropriation is $182,781,000 below 
fiscal year 2016 and $52,488,000 below the request.
    The following narrative descriptions and tables identify 
the specific activities and funding levels included in this 
Act.

                PROCUREMENT, ACQUISITION AND CONSTRUCTION
                        (in thousands of dollars)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                        Program                              Amount
------------------------------------------------------------------------
National Ocean Service
  National Estuarine Research Reserve Construction....          $1,350
  Marine Sanctuaries Construction.....................           1,650
                                                       -----------------
Total, National Ocean Service - PAC...................           3,000
                                                       =================
Office of Oceanic and Atmospheric Research
    Research Supercomputing/CCRI......................         $26,379
                                                       =================
National Weather Service
    Observations......................................          32,755
    Central Processing................................          66,761
    Dissemination.....................................          34,619
                                                       -----------------
  Subtotal, Natonal Weather Service, Systems                   134,135
   Acquisition........................................
                                                       -----------------
    Weather Forecast Office Construction..............           8,650
                                                       -----------------
Total, National Weather Service - PAC.................         142,785
                                                       =================
National Environmental Satellite, Data and Information
 Service
    GOES R............................................         752,784
    Polar Follow-on...................................         370,000
    Space Weather Follow-on...........................           2,500
    Jason-3...........................................           4,357
    Joint Polar Satellite System (JPSS)...............         787,246
    Solar Irradiance, Data and Rescue.................             500
    DSCOVR............................................           3,745
    COSMIC-2/GNSS-RO..................................          16,200
    Satellite Ground Services.........................          58,025
    System Architecture and Advanced Planning.........           4,929
    Projects, Planning, and Analysis..................          28,700
    Commercial Weather Data Pilot.....................           6,000
                                                       -----------------
  Subtotal, NESDIS Systems Acquisition................       2,034,986
                                                       -----------------
    Satellite CDA Facility............................           2,228
                                                       -----------------
Total, NESDIS - PAC...................................       2,037,214
                                                       =================
Mission Support
  NOAA Construction...................................           4,557
                                                       =================
Office of Marine and Aviation Operations
  Fleet Capital Improvements and Technology Infusion..          16,700
                                                       =================
Total, Procurement, Acquisition and Construction......      $2,230,635
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    National Ocean Service (NOS).--The recommendation includes 
$3,000,000 for National Ocean Service procurement, acquisition 
and construction.
    National Weather Service (NWS).--The recommendation 
includes $142,785,000 for NWS procurement, acquisitions and 
construction, as requested.
    NEXRAD.--Within amounts for Observations, the 
recommendation includes the planned increase to continue the 
Service Life Extension Program to extend the useful life of the 
NEXRAD weather radar infrastructure through 2030. The Committee 
notes that 85 percent of all tornado warnings are based on 
radar detections.
    NWS Facilities.--The recommendation includes $8,650,000, as 
requested, to construct and provide for major repairs to 
Forecast Offices and other government owned weather facilities, 
including Weather Forecast Offices, River Forecast Centers, 
Weather Service Offices, National Centers and Tsunami Warning 
Centers. NOAA shall brief the Committee, no later than 180 days 
after enactment of this Act, on the status of the NOAA 
Facilities Condition Assessment and the implementation of the 
Facilities Strategic Plan.
    National Environmental Satellite, Data and Information 
Service.--The recommendation includes $2,037,214,000 for NESDIS 
procurement, acquisition and construction. The Committee 
recommendation continues to focus its limited resources on the 
Joint Polar Satellite System (JPSS) and Geostationary 
Operational Environmental Satellite (GOES) programs in light of 
their role in ensuring accurate and timely weather forecasts 
and warnings. The Committee continues to be concerned with the 
challenges that plague these programs, which have been 
identified by the GAO, OIG, and the NESDIS Independent Review 
Team (IRT). The Committee expects the Department of Commerce to 
ensure that these critical programs are proceeding within the 
cost estimates and meeting program milestones. The Committee 
expects to be notified promptly if any issues arise that could 
jeopardize the current launch schedules. The Department of 
Commerce and NOAA shall remain engaged in the overall 
management of JPSS, GOES and Polar Follow On (PFO) programs and 
efforts to develop solutions to mitigate any gaps in either 
JPSS or GOES programs and to address the fragility of the JPSS 
program. NOAA shall continue to provide quarterly briefings to 
the Committee regarding all NOAA satellite programs. These 
briefings shall include the status of obligations for each 
program, including spacecraft, launch, sensor, integration, and 
ground components, and proposed changes to the fly out charts. 
NOAA shall also include in these briefings updates on all of 
its operational satellite systems.
    Oversight.--The Committee reiterates its desire to ensure 
that OIG and GAO staff are permitted at NOAA's monthly 
satellites meetings. To further aid the Committee in its 
oversight function, NOAA shall include biannual updates to the 
Committee regarding the status of implementing OIG, GAO, and 
IRT recommendations for NOAA's satellite programs.
    Independent Review Team.--The Committee supports NOAA's 
plan to initiate another IRT review of NOAA's satellite 
programs. With the submission of the fiscal year 2018 budget 
request, NOAA shall submit to the Committee the IRT's 
independent assessment, which shall include a review of NOAA's 
satellite enterprise, in addition to a review of NESDIS' 
updated strategic plan.
    Joint Polar Satellite System.--The recommendation includes 
$787,246,000 for JPSS, the requested amount. This level of 
funding will support the planned launch of JPSS-1 no later than 
the second quarter of fiscal year 2017. The Committee is 
concerned by ground system delays, which are increasing risk to 
the JPSS-1 launch readiness, and expects to be kept fully 
informed of progress on the Block 2 Ground System validation 
and any proposed changes to testing or completion.
    JPSS gap mitigation.--The Committee remains concerned about 
the potential polar satellite data gap and expects NOAA to 
continue to prepare for the potential data gap. Within 30 days 
of enactment of this Act, NWS shall brief the Committee on 
associated contingency plans, as recommended in OIG-16-026-1.
    Polar Follow On (PFO).--The Committee funds PFO at 
$370,000,000, equal to the fiscal year 2016 enacted amount and 
$23,000,000 below the request. The Committee is concerned that 
NOAA has not provided a Life Cycle Cost or an Independent Cost 
Estimate for PFO to the Committee, and the schedules of PFO 
remain uncertain. At the same time, NOAA has awarded the sensor 
and spacecraft contracts for PFO. NOAA shall report quarterly 
to the Committee on the steps it has taken to address the 
findings of OIG-16-026-1, The Joint Polar Satellite System: 
Further Planning and Executive Decisions are Needed to 
Establish a Long-Term, Robust Program. As a follow on to the 
JPSS program, the Committee expects NOAA to be able to 
significantly reduce the risk and costs associated with these 
satellites. The recommendation includes funds for the Earth 
Observing Nanosatellite-Microwave mission.
    Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite-R (GOES-
R).--The recommendation includes $752,784,000 for the GOES-R 
program, as requested. The Committee is disappointed that the 
GOES-R satellite launch slipped by another six months. NOAA 
shall continue to provide updates to the Committee regarding 
the status of this program to include the on-orbit GOES 
satellites, schedule risk and margin, and any proposed changes 
to fly out charts.
    Flyout Charts for GOES and JPSS.--NOAA's flyout charts are 
an important tool in helping the Committee analyze proposed 
plans and funding levels for NOAA's critical weather satellite 
programs. The Committee expects these charts to be based on, 
among other factors, assessments of the health of operational 
satellites; the anticipated future availability of operational 
satellites; the results of regular satellite availability 
assessments; historical satellite performance; design life; and 
planned programs. The Committee expects any changes to these 
charts to be internally and externally vetted. NOAA's flyout 
charts should reflect NOAA's operational assessments and 
robustness planning for critical weather satellite programs.
    Constellation Observing System for Meteorology, Ionosphere, 
and Climate-2 (COSMIC-2)/Global Navigation Satellite System--
Radio Occultation (GNSS-RO).--NOAA should prioritize 
competitively purchased commercial weather data as the method 
to acquire new radio occultation data. NOAA shall submit a 
specific spend and project plan to the Committee for COSMIC-2/
GNSS-RO, that demonstrates that NOAA has thoroughly reviewed 
potential commercial radio occultation data sources. If the 
plan proposes moving forward with additional COSMIC-2 
satellites, the plan shall include the total cost to the U.S. 
government of developing, procuring, launching and operating 
COSMIC-2 Polar Orbiting Satellites, including how they would be 
launched and what Federal agency would incur that cost. Funds 
for COSMIC-2/GNSS-RO are not available for obligation until 
this plan has been submitted to, and reviewed by, the 
Committee.
    Commercial satellite weather data.--The Committee is 
pleased that NOAA proposes to continue and expand the 
Commercial Weather Data Pilot. The Committee provides 
$6,000,000 to ensure NOAA has the resources necessary to 
thoroughly assess commercial data opportunities.

                    PACIFIC COASTAL SALMON RECOVERY

    The Committee recommends $65,000,000 for Pacific Coastal 
Salmon Recovery, which is the same as fiscal year 2016 and the 
request. In addition, the accompanying bill includes language 
that requires all funds to be allocated based on scientific and 
merit principles and prohibits the availability of funds for 
marketing activities. Bill language is included requiring a 33 
percent match for States.

                      FISHERMEN'S CONTINGENCY FUND

    The Committee recommends $350,000 for the Fishermen's 
Contingency Fund, which is the same as fiscal year 2016 and the 
request. This Fund is available to compensate U.S. commercial 
fishermen for damage or loss caused by obstructions related to 
oil and gas exploration, and is derived from fees collected by 
the Secretary of the Interior.

                   FISHERIES FINANCE PROGRAM ACCOUNT

    The Committee recommends language under this heading 
limiting obligations of direct loans to $24,000,000 for 
Individual Fishing Quota loans and $100,000,000 for traditional 
direct loans.

                        Departmental Management


                         SALARIES AND EXPENSES

    The Committee recommends $58,000,000 for Departmental 
Management, which is equal to the fiscal year 2016 enacted and 
$16,503,000 below the request.
    Cybersecurity.--The Secretary is directed to submit 
quarterly reports to the Committee on the Department's 
activities to improve its cybersecurity including updates on 
addressing the Inspector General's cybersecurity concerns.
    World Exposition.--The Secretary of Commerce shall provide 
the necessary reports for any international expositions 
proposed to be held in the United States prior to the President 
making a national interest determination pursuant to the 
requirements of Public Law 91-269.

                      RENOVATION AND MODERNIZATION

    The recommendation includes $4,000,000 for the Department's 
cost of the Herbert C. Hoover Building renovation and 
modernization which is $15,062,000 below fiscal year 2016 and 
$8,224,000 below the request. The recommendation prioritizes 
funding for life safety systems and security improvements.

                      OFFICE OF INSPECTOR GENERAL

    The Committee recommends $35,000,000 for the Office of 
Inspector General (OIG), which is $3,000,000 above fiscal year 
2016 and $2,167,000 below the request. The recommendation also 
includes transfers of $2,580,000 from the Census Bureau, 
$1,302,000 from NOAA, and $2,000,000 from PTO for OIG oversight 
of those activities.
    The Committee expects the OIG to continue its oversight 
work on cybersecurity, satellite procurements, telework, patent 
quality, and the decennial census.
    Security.--The Committee is concerned about potential 
violations of security-related laws, regulations and policies 
at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), 
especially cases involving the inappropriate access of foreign 
nationals to NIST facilities or information systems. The 
Committee supports the thorough investigation and pursuit of 
criminal and administrative remedies for such violations and in 
fiscal year 2016 directed the OIG to undertake a review of NIST 
security and foreign national access. The OIG shall provide the 
Committee with a copy of its assessment when it is completed.

               General Provisions--Department of Commerce


                     (INCLUDING TRANSFER OF FUNDS)

    The Committee recommends the following general provisions 
for the Department of Commerce:
    Section 101 makes funds available for advanced payments 
only upon certification of officials designated by the 
Secretary that such payments are considered to be in the public 
interest.
    Section 102 makes appropriations for the Department 
available for hire of passenger motor vehicles, for services, 
and for uniforms and allowances as authorized by law.
    Section 103 provides the authority to transfer funds 
between Department of Commerce appropriation accounts and 
requires notification to the Committee of certain actions.
    Section 104 extends congressional notification requirements 
for NOAA satellite programs.
    Section 105 provides for reimbursement for services within 
Department of Commerce buildings.
    Section 106 clarifies that grant recipients under the 
Department of Commerce may continue to deter child pornography, 
copyright infringement, or any other unlawful activity over 
their networks.
    Section 107 provides the NOAA Administrator with the 
authority to avail NOAA of needed resources, with the consent 
of those supplying the resources, to carry out responsibilities 
of any statute administered by NOAA.
    Section 108 prohibits the National Technical Information 
Service from charging for certain activities.

                                TITLE II


                         DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE


                         General Administration


                         SALARIES AND EXPENSES

    The Committee recommends $115,000,000 for Department of 
Justice, General Administration, Salaries and Expenses, which 
is $3,500,000 above fiscal year 2016 and $10,896,000 below the 
request. Within the funding provided, the Committee encourages 
the Department to fund the Justice Management Division at a 
level that sustains its management and administrative support 
of the Department's missions.
    Third-party settlement payments.--The Committee understands 
a multi-year congressional investigation has revealed that in 
some cases the Department is requiring settling defendants to 
donate money to third-party advocacy or activist groups. These 
payments occur entirely outside of the congressional 
appropriations and oversight process. Accordingly, section 539 
prohibits the Department from entering into a civil settlement 
agreement in which a defendant is required to make a donation 
to a third-party that is not a victim of the defendant's 
alleged unlawful activity. For the purposes of section 539, the 
term ``donation'' shall not be construed to prohibit any 
payment by a party to provide restitution for or otherwise 
remedy the actual harm, directly and proximately caused by the 
alleged conduct of the party, which is the basis for the 
agreement. The prohibition does not bar payments, upon invoice, 
to an organization or individual for services rendered to 
redress, mitigate or otherwise remediate the actual harm 
directly and proximately caused by a defendant's allegedly 
unlawful conduct.
    Spending plans and status of balances.--The Department has 
alternative funding sources that lie largely outside the 
discretionary appropriations process, as described in the 2015 
Government Accountability Office report, GAO-15-48: Department 
of Justice (DOJ) Alternative Sources of Funding in Fiscal Year 
2013. To fulfill its oversight responsibilities, the Committee 
needs to be informed about all such funding resources. 
Therefore the Department shall include with future 
congressional budget justifications a breakout of these funds 
by prior, current and budget years for, respectively, actual, 
estimated, and requested amounts assumed in the proposed 
budget; and identify funding by agency, purpose, and source of 
funding.
    For the annual spending plan required by section 532, the 
Department shall include details on all non-appropriated funds 
the Department expects to obligate by agency and purpose. These 
non-appropriated funds include, but are not limited to: Working 
Capital Fund balances, including retained earnings and 
unobligated balance transfers, civil debt collection proceeds, 
Assets Forfeiture Fund (AFF) balances, and Criminal Justice 
Information Services fingerprint checks fees. The plan shall 
also report expected fund receipts and carryover balances, as 
well as full-time equivalent (FTE) positions to be funded 
through them, and clearly identify resources that supplement or 
supplant discretionary appropriations. The Committee expects 
deviations from the approved spending plan to be subject to the 
reprogramming requirements of section 505 of the Act, if they 
exceed threshold increases for on-going activities, or 
represent new or multi-year initiatives. Finally, the 
Department is directed to submit a quarterly report on the 
status of AFF and Three Percent Fund collections, and to devise 
a methodology for projecting and reporting anticipated future 
year collections. The Committee expects that AFF funding will 
have a demonstrated nexus to potential forfeiture actions, and 
will not be used to fund law enforcement operations that can be 
addressed through the regular budget and appropriation process.
    Active shootings and technology.--The Committee is aware of 
developments in networked gunshot detection system technology, 
and encourages the DOJ to integrate such systems into first 
responder active shooter training to evaluate system 
effectiveness and develop best practices. The Department is 
encouraged to work with the General Services Administration to 
determine how such systems could augment security and enhance 
capabilities to respond to active shooter situations inside 
Federal facilities, and to coordinate efforts with the 
Department of Homeland Security's Federal Law Enforcement 
Training Center and Center for Domestic Preparedness.
    Cyber-stalking and threat crimes.--The Committee is aware 
of concerns regarding increased instances of severe harassment, 
stalking, and threats transmitted in interstate commerce in 
violation of Federal law. Such targeted attacks against 
Internet users, particularly women, have resulted in the 
release of personal information, forced individuals to flee 
their homes, had a chilling effect on free expression, and 
limited access to economic opportunity. The Committee strongly 
urges the Department to intensify its efforts to combat this 
destructive abuse and expects to see increased investigation 
and prosecution of these crimes.
    War crimes and human rights.--The Committee notes that the 
fiscal year 2015 annual Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) 
Human Rights report described progress made by the FBI 
International Human Rights Unit (IHRU), the successor to its 
Genocide War Crimes Program, and its partners in law 
enforcement, intelligence and prosecution, in the campaign to 
identify, investigate and prosecute perpetrators of serious 
human rights violations. The Committee is pleased IHRU has 
increased staffing, has established active outreach in all FBI 
field offices, and is training field office personnel. The 
Committee also notes IHRU collaboration with its Federal 
partners in the Criminal Division, the Departments of Homeland 
Security and State, and the Intelligence Community, as well as 
with foreign counterparts and nongovernmental organizations 
have resulted in a growing number of active, complex and 
transnational investigations. The Committee directs the FBI and 
the Department of Justice to submit an updated annual report 
for fiscal year 2016 with its fiscal year 2017 budget request.
    The report concludes that human rights violation cases 
often have complex, transnational connections, and 
investigations of them are hampered by ambiguous or missing 
historical records, a matter of immediate concern in the 
context of human rights violations by the Islamic State (ISIL). 
The Committee applauds the Administration for its recent 
designation of the atrocities perpetrated by ISIL against 
Christians, Yezidis, and other religious and ethnic minorities 
in Iraq and Syria as war crimes, crimes against humanity, and 
genocide under the terms of the United Nations Convention on 
the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide, which 
was signed and ratified by the United States. This designation 
builds on the unanimous vote by the House of Representatives in 
March that such crimes constitute war crimes, crimes against 
humanity and genocide.
    To ensure this designation results in Federal government 
enforcement action, the Committee directs the Department, in 
cooperation with the FBI and Department of State, to lead a 
task force of prosecutors and law enforcement to review legal 
options available under Federal law and any international 
treaties of which the U.S. is party for the prosecution of ISIL 
members, those seeking to join ISIL and others providing 
material support to ISIL, as well as recommendations for 
changes to the United States Code to strengthen prosecution of 
these crimes against humanity. A report on the task force 
conclusions, to be submitted to the Committee and the Attorney 
General not later than 180 days after enactment of this Act, 
should address how anti-terrorism and war crimes statutes can 
be used in conjunction for prosecution, and review past cases 
when these laws have been used successfully to prosecute and 
convict genocidaires.
    Sole sourcing of equipment and scientific instruments.--The 
Committee urges the Department to employ full and open 
competition in any procurement or upgrade of law enforcement 
equipment, to include scientific instruments and specialized 
communication equipment.
    Trafficking and transport of children.--The Committee 
expects the Attorney General to ensure the Innocence Lost 
National Initiative enhances capabilities of State and local 
law enforcement officers to detect, investigate and prosecute 
those who patronize or solicit children for sex; and that all 
Initiative-funded task forces and DOJ agencies increase efforts 
to deter and punish child labor trafficking. The Committee also 
expects the Department to implement provisions of section 1088 
of Public Law 112-239, regarding female genital mutilation.
    Extraditions for return of American children.--The 
Department is directed to prioritize international child 
abduction cases, in coordination with the Secretary of State 
and left behind parents who have requested Department of 
Justice involvement.
    Illegal use of body armor.--The Committee is concerned with 
the use of body armor in criminal activity, and directs the 
Department to conduct a review of such usage in criminal 
activity, and available data on such crimes. The Department 
shall report to the Committee not later than 180 days after the 
enactment of this Act on the results.
    Identity theft.--Identity theft and related crime have a 
substantial impact on individuals, families, communities and 
our national economy. The Committee directs the Department to 
conduct a strategic review of identity theft and fraud in 
cooperation with the Federal Trade Commission. In addition, the 
review shall include the status of prosecutions and any other 
relevant information related to Internal Revenue Service 
impersonation scams.
    Body-worn cameras.--The Committee supports the Department's 
provision of grant funding to State, local and tribal law 
enforcement agencies for the procurement of body-worn cameras. 
The Committee encourages the Department to develop and 
promulgate policies, procedures and guidance to Federal 
agencies for the procurement and deployment of body-worn 
cameras in Federal law enforcement units.
    Interagency coordination.--The Committee directs the 
Department to coordinate with the Department of Homeland 
Security and designate a liaison to assist communities affected 
by a terrorist attack in navigating through Federal government 
assistance programs.
    Conferences.--The Committee understands that OMB Memorandum 
M-0912-12 called for agencies to reduce travel expenses 30 
percent compared to the fiscal year 2010 level, and limit 
conference spending. The Committee expects the Department of 
Justice to minimize conferences and limit conference expenses 
to those necessary to carry out the mission of the Department. 
The Committee expects the Department to make conference 
location decisions based on transparency, accountability and 
best value in the use of appropriated funds.

                 JUSTICE INFORMATION SHARING TECHNOLOGY

                     (INCLUDING TRANSFER OF FUNDS)

    The Committee recommends $40,000,000 for Justice 
Information Sharing Technology, which is $9,000,000 above 
fiscal year 2016 and $17,561,000 below the request. The 
Committee supports the Department's efforts to enhance its 
cybersecurity, and has therefore continued to include bill 
language providing the Department discretion and flexibility to 
transfer available Departmental funds to meet needs for IT 
transformation and cybersecurity, subject to the reprogramming 
procedures included in this Act.

                EXECUTIVE OFFICE FOR IMMIGRATION REVIEW

                     (INCLUDING TRANSFER OF FUNDS)

    The Committee recommends $457,154,000 for the Executive 
Office for Immigration Review (EOIR), of which $4,000,000 is 
from immigration examination fees. The recommendation is 
$29,003,000 above the request. The recommendation will support 
25 additional immigration judge (IJ) teams. In addition, the 
recommendation includes a $1,706,000 program increase for the 
modernization of mission critical systems and a $5,727,000 
program increase for infrastructure improvements. The 
recommendation sustains the current legal orientation program 
and related assistance, such as the information desk pilot. The 
recommendation does not include any funding to establish or 
fund a legal representation program.
    Assuring immigration regulation helps optimize strong 
enforcement.--The Committee is concerned with the pace of 
hiring and onboarding Immigration Judges funded in fiscal years 
2015 and 2016, and expects the Department to accelerate the 
recruitment, background investigation and placement of IJ teams 
to areas that have the highest workload. The Committee is 
alarmed that despite the increased resources provided to EOIR 
in fiscal years 2015 and 2016, the median days pending for a 
detained immigration case is 71 days and the median days 
pending for a non-detained case is 665 days. While the 
Committee understands that factors outside the control of 
Immigration Judges can affect case length, these median case 
times are unacceptable. The Committee directs EOIR to establish 
a goal that by the end of the fiscal year 2017 the median days 
pending of detained cases be no longer than 60 days, and the 
median length for non-detained cases be no longer than 365 
days. To monitor the progress in this effort, the Committee 
directs EOIR to continue to provide monthly reporting on EOIR 
performance and IJ hiring as specified in the statement 
accompanying the fiscal year 2016 Omnibus Appropriation Act.
    Court space.--The recommendation fully funds the request 
for additional court infrastructure and expects EOIR to use 
these funds fully to ensure that additional IJ teams have the 
necessary court space. However, the Committee is concerned that 
EOIR is not using all available EOIR or Department of Homeland 
Security (DHS) space. EOIR is directed to provide a report to 
the Committee within 90 days of enactment of this Act outlining 
its utilization of existing EOIR and DHS space and its plans 
for acquiring additional space in order to accommodate 
additional Immigration Judges.
    Visa overstay cases.--The Committee directs EOIR to submit 
a report, no less than 60 days after enactment of this act, and 
monthly thereafter, detailing the number of instances of visa 
overstay cases that have been adjudicated through the court 
system, and recommend steps to take in coordination with other 
agencies to streamline visa overstay adjudication procedures.
    To better understand the policy and practice of immigration 
courts in setting detainee bonds, the Committee directs the 
Executive Office for Immigration Review (EOIR) to report within 
120 days of enactment on how immigration judges use ``ability 
to pay'' criteria in determining the amounts of bonds, and the 
process for appealing such bond decisions. In addition, the 
report should include for fiscal years 2012-2016 the number of 
requests for reconsideration or appeals of bond amounts; how 
many requests or appeals resulted in reductions in bonds; and 
how many detainees did not pay bond set by an immigration 
judge.

                     OFFICE OF THE PARDON ATTORNEY

    The Committee recommends $4,496,000 for the Office of the 
Pardon Attorney. The recommendation is $4,797,000 below the 
requested level.

                      OFFICE OF INSPECTOR GENERAL

    The Committee recommends $93,709,000 for the Office of 
Inspector General (OIG), which is the same as fiscal year 2016 
and $4,105,000 below the request.
    The Committee has heard concerns that Asian Americans and 
Pacific Islanders have been profiled by Department of Justice 
investigators and prosecutors on the basis of race and national 
origin, including in espionage and trade secret cases. The 
Committee expects the Department of Justice Office of Inspector 
General to assess whether there exists a pattern or practice of 
using race, national origin, and other civil rights 
classifications to target Federal employees and other 
Americans; report on any allegations of civil rights or civil 
liberties violations committed by DOJ employees in its 
semiannual reports to Congress as required by Section 1001 of 
the USA PATRIOT Act (Public Law 107-56); and if such patterns 
or practices are found to exist, to describe steps the 
Department has taken to address them.

                    United States Parole Commission


                         SALARIES AND EXPENSES

    The Committee recommends $13,308,000 for the United States 
Parole Commission, which is the same as fiscal year 2016 and 
$692,000 below the request.

                            Legal Activities


            SALARIES AND EXPENSES, GENERAL LEGAL ACTIVITIES

    The Committee recommends $893,000,000 for General Legal 
Activities, which is the same as fiscal year 2016 and 
$64,423,000 below the request. The Committee has provided 
separate funding recommendations by decision unit as follows:

 
 
 
Office of the Solicitor General.........................     $11,885,000
Tax Division............................................     106,979,000
Criminal Division.......................................     181,745,000
Civil Division..........................................     292,214,000
Environmental and Natural Resources Division............     107,089,000
Office of Legal Counsel.................................       7,989,000
Civil Rights Division...................................     148,239,000
INTERPOL Washington.....................................      36,860,000
                                                         ---------------
    Total, General Legal Activities.....................    $893,000,000
 

    Within the funding provided, the Criminal Division shall 
prioritize funding to address the backlog in handling Mutual 
Legal Assistance Treaty (MLAT) requests. Also within the 
funding provided, the Committee supports the International 
Criminal Investigative Training Assistance Program and Office 
of Overseas Prosecutorial Development Assistance and Training 
programs to develop stronger relationships with foreign law 
enforcement and prosecutorial counterparts.
    Human trafficking.--The Civil Rights Division shall 
prioritize funding for the Human Trafficking Prosecution Unit 
and the Department's Anti-Trafficking Coordination Teams to 
investigate and prosecute human traffickers. The Committee 
directs the Department to work with victim service providers 
and non-governmental organizations assisting trafficking 
victims in the United States.
    Group Homes, Local Land Use, and the Fair Housing Act 
(Joint Statement).--The Committee is aware that the Attorney 
General is in the process of updating the 1999 Joint Statement 
on Group Homes, Local Land Use, and the Fair Housing Act. The 
Committee stresses the importance of the Attorney General 
coordinating with the Secretary of Housing and Urban 
Development to complete this process in a timely manner and 
recognizing or defining the role of State or local government 
in defining zoning ordinances, licensing, and registration 
requirements regarding sober homes.
    Deinstitutionalization.--The Committee notes the nationwide 
trends towards deinstitutionalization of patients with 
intellectual or developmental disabilities in favor of 
community-based settings. The Committee also notes that in 
Olmstead v. L.C. (1999), a majority of the Supreme Court held 
that the Americans with Disabilities Act does not condone or 
require removing individuals from institutional settings when 
they are unable to handle or benefit from a community-based 
setting, and that Federal law does not require the imposition 
of community-based treatment on patients who do not desire it. 
The Committee notes that the Department of Health and Human 
Services Appropriations Act, 2016 requires notification of 
affected individuals of their legal rights in this regard.
    Civil rights division, voting section.--The Committee looks 
forward to receiving the report required in the fiscal year 
2016 Omnibus about Section 203 cases investigated in fiscal 
year 2016. When the fiscal year 2018 budget request is 
submitted, the Department of Justice shall submit to the 
Committee the same reporting on Section 203 case investigations 
for fiscal year 2017.

                 VACCINE INJURY COMPENSATION TRUST FUND

    The recommendation includes $10,000,000 as a reimbursement 
from the Vaccine Injury Compensation Trust Fund for costs of 
litigating cases under the National Childhood Vaccine Injury 
Act of 1986 (Public Law 99-660).

               SALARIES AND EXPENSES, ANTITRUST DIVISION

    The Committee recommends $164,977,000 for salaries and 
expenses of the Antitrust Division, which is the same as fiscal 
year 2016 and $15,529,000 below the request. The recommended 
funding level is offset by $125,000,000 in estimated fee 
collections for a net direct appropriation of $39,977,000.

             SALARIES AND EXPENSES, UNITED STATES ATTORNEYS

    The Committee recommends $2,050,000,000 for the Executive 
Office for United States Attorneys and the 94 United States 
Attorneys' offices, which is $50,000,000 above fiscal year 2016 
and $24,402,000 below the request. Within this amount the 
Department is expected to support enhanced efforts to address 
drug trafficking, cybercrime and human trafficking.
    Human trafficking.--The recommendation continues bill 
language directing each U.S. Attorney to participate in human 
trafficking task forces, and the Department shall continue to 
submit semiannual reports on the performance of these task 
forces.
    Prosecuting immigration crime.--Federal criminal 
immigration laws must be enforced in a consistent and effective 
manner, and to support this objective the Committee has sought 
information about how the Department and United States 
Attorneys prosecute and enforce such laws. The Committee has 
not yet received the report on immigration law enforcement that 
was required by the fiscal year 2016 Appropriations Act, in the 
detail specified in House Report 114-130. The Department is 
therefore directed to submit that report as soon as possible, 
and to provide a supplemental report not later than 60 days 
after enactment of this Act that provides comparable 
prosecution, sentencing and deportation information for fiscal 
year 2016. The Committee expects the Department to show 
leadership in addressing the continued high level of illegal 
immigration, and directs it to make vigorous use of statutory 
provisions at its disposal to investigate and prosecute 
violations of Federal law associated with improper entry or 
illegal reentry following deportation, including sections 1325 
and 1326 of title 8, United States Code.
    Prescription drug abuse.--The growing, nationwide crisis of 
prescription drug abuse has led to rising fatalities, and 
addressing this issue remains a core Federal law enforcement 
mission. The Committee expects U.S. Attorneys will give 
priority to investigating and prosecuting criminals who profit 
from trafficking, to include pain clinics that serve as fronts 
for the illegal distribution of addictive painkillers.
    Trafficking and money laundering enforcement.--The 
Committee expects the Department will continue to make drug 
trafficking and money laundering enforcement an investigative 
and prosecutorial priority for Federal prosecutors.
    Intellectual Property Rights (IPR) enforcement.--The 
Committee expects the Department to continue to make IPR 
enforcement an investigative and prosecutorial priority for 
Federal prosecutors.

                   UNITED STATES TRUSTEE SYSTEM FUND

    The Committee recommends $225,908,000 for the United States 
Trustee Program, which is the same as fiscal year 2016 and 
$3,809,000 below the request. The recommended funding is offset 
by $163,000,000 in estimated fee collections for a net direct 
appropriation of $62,908,000.

      SALARIES AND EXPENSES, FOREIGN CLAIMS SETTLEMENT COMMISSION

    The Committee recommends $2,374,000 for the Foreign Claims 
Settlement Commission, which is the same as fiscal year 2016 
and $35,000 below the request.

                     FEES AND EXPENSES OF WITNESSES

    The Committee recommends $270,000,000, which is the same as 
fiscal year 2016 and the request, for fees and expenses of 
witnesses who appear on behalf of the Government in cases in 
which the United States is a party. This appropriation is 
considered mandatory for scorekeeping purposes.

           SALARIES AND EXPENSES, COMMUNITY RELATIONS SERVICE

                     (INCLUDING TRANSFER OF FUNDS)

    The Committee recommends $15,500,000 for the Community 
Relations Service, which is $1,054,000 above fiscal year 2016 
and $3,490,000 below the request. The recommendation supports 
funding for the Emmett Till Unsolved Civil Rights Act.

                         ASSETS FORFEITURE FUND

    The Committee recommends $20,514,000 for expenses 
authorized by subparagraphs (B), (F), and (G) of section 
524(c)(1) of title 28, United States Code. This amount is same 
as the fiscal year 2016 and the budget request.
    Section 523 rescinds $304,000,000 from the Assets 
Forfeiture Fund (Fund), which is equal to the budget request. 
The Committee was disappointed the Department chose to suspend 
equitable sharing payments for a portion of fiscal year 2016. 
The Department reports that balances in the Fund will be 
sufficient to allow the Department to rescind $304,000,000 with 
no delays in the payment of equitable sharing payments. The 
Committee therefore directs the Department to refrain in fiscal 
year 2017 from suspending or delaying payments for equitable 
sharing distributions for asset forfeitures that the Department 
has approved.
    Section 532 of the bill requires the Department to submit a 
spending plan for fiscal year 2017. The Committee directs the 
Department to include in this plan proposed spending from the 
Fund, to include estimates of: fund balances; equitable sharing 
payments; Joint Law Enforcement Operations obligations; and 
obligations by component.

                     United States Marshals Service


                         SALARIES AND EXPENSES

    The Committee recommends $1,258,000,000 for the salaries 
and expenses of the United States Marshals Service (USMS), 
which is $27,419,000 above fiscal year 2016 and $17,156,000 
below the request. Within this the Committee includes 
$7,900,000 to implement the International Megan's Law to 
Prevent Child Exploitation and Other Sexual Crimes (Public Law 
114-119) and ensure USMS can carry out its responsibilities to 
vet and provide notification of sex offenders traveling abroad. 
The Committee expects the USMS to continue and strengthen its 
fugitive apprehension support aircraft program.
    Detection technology.--The Committee encourages the USMS to 
seek cost effective ways to build on and leverage its use of 
detection technologies to increase safety of fugitive 
apprehension task forces, saving both lives and money.

                              CONSTRUCTION

    The Committee recommends $10,000,000, which is $5,000,000 
below fiscal year 2016 and the same as the request, for 
construction and related expenses in space controlled, occupied 
or used by USMS for prisoner holding and related support.

                       FEDERAL PRISONER DETENTION

                     (INCLUDING TRANSFER OF FUNDS)

    The Committee recommends $1,475,000,000 for Federal 
Prisoner Detention, which is $20,586,000 above fiscal year 2016 
and $29,009,000 below the request.

                       National Security Division


                         SALARIES AND EXPENSES

                     (INCLUDING TRANSFER OF FUNDS)

    The Committee recommends $97,337,000 for the National 
Security Division (NSD), which is $2,337,000 above fiscal year 
2016 and the same as the request. This amount will help NSD 
address its growing national security and counterterrorism 
workload, including its Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act 
responsibilities.

                      Interagency Law Enforcement


                 INTERAGENCY CRIME AND DRUG ENFORCEMENT

    The Committee recommends $522,135,000 for Interagency Crime 
and Drug Enforcement, which is $10,135,000 above fiscal year 
2016 and the same as the request. Funds are included under this 
heading to support interagency Organized Crime Drug Enforcement 
Task Forces (OCDETF), which target high-level drug trafficking 
organizations through coordinated, multi-jurisdictional 
investigations. The recommendation includes a program increase 
of $3,793,000 for the Co-located Strike Force/Southwest Border, 
as proposed in the budget request.
    Decision unit subtotals.--The recommendation includes 
$360,711,000 for investigations and $161,424,000 for 
prosecutions. The Committee expects OCDETF will enhance its 
investigative, intelligence and prosecutorial efforts through 
OCDETF-led activities, including the OCDETF Fusion Center, 
OCDETF Co-located Strike Forces and the International Organized 
Crime Intelligence and Operations Center, and direct 
collaboration with State and local law enforcement, United 
States Attorneys' offices and the Criminal Division.
    Full-Time Equivalents (FTE).--The Committee directs the 
Department to submit with its fiscal year 2018 budget request 
an updated report on FTE devoted to OCDETF cases at the level 
of detail provided in its September 9, 2015 report to the 
Committee. The report should include actual and projected 
investigative and prosecutorial FTE devoted to OCDETF cases for 
fiscal years 2016-2018, broken out by agency and funding 
source.

                    Federal Bureau of Investigation


                         SALARIES AND EXPENSES

    The Committee recommends $8,768,884,000 for the salaries 
and expenses account of the Federal Bureau of Investigation 
(FBI), which is $279,098,000 above fiscal year 2016 and 
$50,000,000 above the request. The increase reflects funding 
necessary to carry out essential elements of FBI's mission, in 
particular its critical work on terrorism, national security, 
and cyber threats. These include supporting work on the Next 
Generation Cyber program, IT Infrastructure, training and new 
technology challenges; confronting threats from foreign 
intelligence and insiders; addressing capacity constraints in 
data sharing that have impacts on the FBI's ability to timely 
share vast quantities of forensic and other data; helping the 
FBI combat intrusions, investigate cybercrime, and improve 
cybersecurity; and ensuring it can carry out its render safe 
mission.
    The Committee recommendation is also intended to help 
ensure the FBI can meet the growing challenge from both home-
grown and ``foreign fighters'' and sustain growing workload for 
field operations, to include the need for physical 
surveillance. The Committee recommendation includes funding to 
enhance operational and information technology resources to 
address transnational organized crime.
    Finally, the recommendation supports the programs of the 
Criminal Justice Information Services Division, including but 
not limited to the Biometric Technology Center, Next Generation 
Identification, the National Crime Information Center, and the 
National Instant Criminal Background Check System.
    The Committee has provided separate funding recommendations 
by decision unit as follows:

 
 
 
Intelligence..........................................    $1,748,966,000
Counterintelligence and National Security.............     3,588,224,000
Criminal Enterprise and Federal Crimes................     2,920,394,000
Criminal Justice Services.............................       511,300,000
                                                       -----------------
    Total, Salaries and Expenses......................    $8,768,884,000
 

    Digital Rights Management (DRM) technology.--The Committee 
expects the FBI to lead the Federal community in preventing the 
unauthorized review, redistribution and modification of 
sensitive Government information, and is aware the FBI is 
testing DRM shared service capability for this purpose. The 
Committee requests a briefing not later than 45 days after the 
enactment of this Act on FBI plans to protect internal data 
across the FBI enterprise, including prospects for adopting DRM 
technology.
    Human trafficking investigations.--Additional resources in 
the bill will enable the FBI and its field offices to increase 
investigation of human trafficking and forced labor crimes, and 
to work with potential victims of such crimes. The Committee 
encourages the FBI to work closely with victim service 
providers on victim referrals and assistance, as well as with 
the Department of Homeland Security in cases involving alien 
victims of severe forms of trafficking, and on improving FBI 
agent training in the identification of human trafficking. The 
Committee supports FBI leadership in its Innocence Lost 
initiative, to include Operation Cross Country, which has 
helped recover underage trafficking victims and led to the 
arrest of hundreds of traffickers. The Committee encourages the 
FBI to improve use of forensic interviews of victims, and 
directs it to report not later than 60 days after the date of 
enactment of this Act the total number of individuals arrested 
during Operation Cross Country actions for purchasing sex, and 
the number of individuals so identified but not arrested.
    Aviation modernization.--The FBI aviation program supports 
critical surveillance, render safe, tactical and transportation 
missions, but the Committee is aware the base budget covers 
only operations, leasing and maintenance, with no identified 
funding for fleet modernization or replacement of aircraft to 
ensure optimal readiness and performance. The Committee 
understands the FBI is conducting cost-benefit analyses of 
purchase versus lease arrangements for different aircraft 
missions. The Committee encourages the FBI, as it conducts this 
review, to include fleet modernization and replacement 
considerations, as well as long-term cost avoidance, into its 
base budget plan for its aviation program, and to submit 
reprogramming proposals should such funding action be 
justified. The Committee directs the FBI to provide a briefing 
not later than 90 days after enactment of the Act on the 
aviation program and forecasted expenses, and how it is 
addressing its overall fleet performance and ensure continuity 
of operations, reliability and a cost-effective approach. The 
briefing should refer to baseline information reported to the 
Committees on Appropriations pursuant to the fiscal year 2014 
Department of Justice Appropriation Act, as specified in House 
Report 113-171.
    Intellectual property rights (IPR) enforcement.--The 
Committee expects the FBI to prioritize the investigation of 
IPR cases, and to coordinate with IPR units at the U.S. 
Attorneys and the Criminal Division.

                              CONSTRUCTION

    The Committee recommends $308,982,000 for the construction 
of FBI facilities and related activities, which is the same as 
fiscal year 2016 and $474,500,000 below the request. Funding in 
this account will facilitate and expedite work on current 
design and construction projects, in particular the new 
headquarters. Other project work includes ongoing work at 
Quantico, secure work environment building and modifications 
and data center consolidation.
    The recommendation does not adopt the proposed reduction to 
the secure work environment program. $240,000,000 is provided 
for the new headquarters. The Administration is expected to 
work with the House Transportation and Infrastructure Committee 
to secure approval of a prospectus for this project.

                    Drug Enforcement Administration


                         SALARIES AND EXPENSES

    The Committee recommends total budget authority of 
$2,485,638,000 for salaries and expenses, of which $382,662,000 
is derived from fees deposited in the Diversion Control Fund, 
and $2,102,976,000 is provided by direct appropriation. The 
recommended direct appropriation is $22,976,000 above fiscal 
year 2016 and equal to the request. The increase will support 
DEA's growing enforcement workload, including rising threats 
from heroin and opioids, challenges in its overseas programs, 
and the provision of continuing support to State and local 
partners.
    Diversion control.--The recommendation includes 
$382,662,000 for the regulatory and enforcement activities of 
DEA's Diversion Control Program. The Diversion Control Program 
is funded by fee collections. Within this level of funding is 
an $8,874,000 increase to enhance diversion control programs.
    Methamphetamine lab cleanup.--The funding recommendation 
for Community Oriented Policing Services includes $11,000,000 
for transfer to DEA to assist State, local and tribal law 
enforcement agencies with the removal and disposal of hazardous 
materials at methamphetamine labs, including funds for 
training, technical assistance, purchase of equipment and a 
container program.
    Prescription drug and heroin abuse.--The Committee 
continues to be extremely concerned about the rising harm of 
prescription drug abuse, and crisis levels of heroin abuse and 
overdoses. DEA's 2015 National Drug Threat Assessment reports 
that overdose deaths rose 244 percent between 2007 and 2013, 
and notes that these numbers may be undercounted. The report 
also notes the increase in smuggling across the borders and the 
continued role of major trafficking cartels in moving heroin 
and other drugs into U.S. communities. The Committee 
recommendation supports a vigorous investigative program for 
DEA to deal with these rising threats, and directs DEA to brief 
the Committee no later than 60 days after enactment of this Act 
on the actual or estimated number of heroin and prescription 
drug diversion investigations for fiscal years 2015 through 
2017, the amounts and street value of drugs associated with 
such investigations, and prosecutions resulting from 
investigations. The Committee also encourages DEA to work with 
partner agencies, to include the Department of Health and Human 
Services, on outcome measures of success that reflect the 
impact of multi-agency efforts, such as reduction in the 
incidence and the severity of abuse. The Department is expected 
to collaborate with all its partner agencies to allocate 
resources strategically and avoid duplication or fragmentation 
of efforts. The recommendation includes a program increase of 
$12,483,000 for four new heroin enforcement teams.
    Fentanyl.--The Committee heard testimony from the Acting 
Administrator this year describing the potency and harm of 
fentanyl, an extremely dangerous synthetic opioid that has 
contributed to the alarming increase in fatal heroin overdoses. 
DEA reports that fentanyl is up to 50 times more potent than 
heroin and up to 100 times more potent than morphine. 
Traffickers and dealers are cutting heroin with fentanyl to 
meet demand and increase its potency, but most users are 
unaware of this increasing the risk of overdose. The Committee 
directs DOJ and DEA to include fentanyl monitoring, 
interdiction and testing in their efforts to counter heroin 
abuse.

          Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives


                         SALARIES AND EXPENSES

    The Committee recommends $1,257,757,000 for the salaries 
and expenses of the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and 
Explosives (ATF), which is $17,757,000 above fiscal year 2016 
and $48,306,000 below the request. The recommendation provides 
for inflationary cost adjustments and additional funds for the 
processing of National Firearms Act (NFA) applications. No 
funds are provided for additional agents or inspectors.
    The Committee is concerned that Federal law enforcement 
agencies do not consistently enter crime scene ballistics 
evidence into the National Integrated Ballistics Imaging 
Network (NIBIN), despite evidence that doing so aids 
investigations and reduces gun violence. The Department shall 
brief the Committee not later than 60 days after enactment of 
this Act on the status of establishing protocols and 
implementing such information sharing, as well as efforts to 
improve the quality of trace and eTrace submissions from 
partner agencies, and meet the challenge posed by obliterated 
serial numbers. The Committee also understands the Department 
is considering developing new standards for acquisition and 
identification of ballistic images. The Committee expects such 
an effort will be conducted in a transparent and comprehensive 
manner, so as to incorporate requirements and perspectives from 
current and future NIBIN users, criminal investigators, and 
technology developers, ensure interoperability of systems, and 
support the continued ability to examine and correlate existing 
and future ballistic data. The Committee directs ATF to provide 
a briefing on the status of such efforts not later than 90 days 
after the date of enactment of this Act.
    Counter-improvised explosives devices.--The Committee 
encourages ATF to support the work of its National Center for 
Explosives Training and Research on countering advanced 
improvised explosive devices.
    National Firearms Act.--The Committee is concerned with 
rising processing times for NFA transfer applications, and the 
prospect that new rules taking effect this year may increase 
the need for background checks. The recommendation includes a 
$6,000,000 program increase to address growing NFA workload, 
and directs ATF to brief the Committee not later than 45 days 
after the enactment of the Act on its NFA application backlog 
and its plans to achieve lower processing times in fiscal year 
2017.

                         Federal Prison System


                         SALARIES AND EXPENSES

                     (INCLUDING TRANSFER OF FUNDS)

    The Committee recommends $7,016,791,000 for salaries and 
expenses of the Bureau of Prisons (BOP), which is $68,291,000 
above fiscal year 2016 and $169,434,000 below the request.
    Contract confinement.--The Committee views contract 
confinement as an effective tool to help BOP meet low security 
facility requirements to help alleviate overcrowding. The 
Committee is concerned that the Bureau still remains crowded in 
its medium and high security institutions. Additionally, the 
Committee is concerned that the Bureau continues to house low 
security inmates in more costly environments where cost savings 
could be realized by using available State, local and private 
prison capacity. In order to promote safety, minimize 
overcrowding, and ensure a fiscally efficiently run prison 
system, the Committee directs the Bureau to look at the current 
classification of all inmates in their system and submit to the 
Committee within 90 days from enactment of this Act a capacity 
realignment plan to ensure that inmates with lower security 
classifications (both U.S. citizens and criminal aliens) are in 
the most cost effective facilities. If the Bureau determines 
that some inmates can be shifted to lower cost alternatives to 
alleviate overcrowding, the plan should include detailed steps 
the Bureau will take that includes population projections, 
overcrowding percentages, timelines, and cost savings.
    Medication assisted treatment.--The Committee encourages 
the Bureau of Prisons to make abstinence-based relapse 
prevention treatments options available to inmates with a 
history of opioid dependence.
    Contraband communication devices.--The Committee remains 
concerned about the use of contraband cellular phones and 
devices in BOP or BOP-contracted facilities, in some cases to 
direct criminal activity outside the facilities. The Committee 
is aware that research continues into development of 
countermeasures, as detailed in its May 2015 report to the 
Committees, and urges BOP and the Department to take steps to 
help expedite such research, continue pilot testing, and to the 
extent possible, implement systems, methods and procedures to 
thwart illegal use of telecommunications by inmates and help 
protect the officers and public.
    Oleoresin Capsicum (OC) aerosol spray pilot program.--The 
Committee notes that in March the President signed into law the 
Eric Williams Correctional Officer Protection Act of 2015, 
Public Law 114-133, authorizing all officers and employees of 
the Bureau of Prisons to carry OC spray. The Act requires OC to 
be issued to officers and employees to reduce acts of violence, 
establishes training requirements, and requires the Government 
Accountability Office to conduct an evaluation of the policy 
and report to Congress. The Committee encourages BOP to keep 
the Committee informed about the implementation of this policy 
and its results.
    Personal firearms.--The Committee recognizes the Bureau's 
responsibility to control the use of firearms on BOP 
facilities. At the same time, it understands that BOP does not 
have a policy that would ensure officers who are legally 
authorized to carry a concealed firearm for self-protection can 
have an on-site, secure gun locker, or alternatively, lock 
weapons securely in their personal vehicles. The Committee 
encourages the Bureau to review this issue and implement a 
policy that enables officers to secure their personal firearms 
while on duty in a fashion that preserves security on Bureau 
sites but also facilitates officers' legal rights to keep and 
bear arms.
    New detainer cooperation policy.--The Committee is very 
pleased that the Department has adopted a new policy that 
ensures BOP will, when releasing an inmate from custody for 
whom there is an outstanding detainer request from U.S. 
Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE), first offer the 
individual to ICE to be taken into custody for deportation 
processing. This policy, while it may allow for transfer to 
another jurisdiction for prosecution for outstanding criminal 
action, will ensure such a transfer will only occur when ICE is 
assured it will regain custody of the individual at the end of 
adjudication process to permit the deportation process to 
proceed. The Committee believes this cooperation between the 
Department and the Department of Homeland Security marks a real 
improvement in public safety, and progress in the effort to 
ensure dangerous and deportable criminals remain in government 
custody until they are removed from the United States.

                        BUILDINGS AND FACILITIES

    The Committee recommends $140,000,000 for the construction, 
acquisition, modernization, maintenance, and repair of prison 
and detention facilities housing Federal inmates, which is 
$390,000,000 below fiscal year 2016 and $26,978,000 above the 
request. The recommendation includes $50,000,000 for costs 
related to construction of new facilities; not less than 
$77,000,000 for maintenance and repairs of existing facilities, 
to include inmate work areas, of which not to exceed 
$14,000,000 shall be available to construct areas for inmate 
work programs; and up to $13,000,000 for the cost of base 
construction staff and operations.
    The Committee directs the Bureau to move forward with 
ongoing facilities planning and associated new construction to 
meet projected capacity requirements as identified in the 
monthly status of construction reports to the Committees on 
Appropriations. The Committee directs the BOP to continue to 
provide monthly status of construction reports and to notify 
the Committee of any changes reflected in those reports.

   LIMITATION ON ADMINISTRATIVE EXPENSES, FEDERAL PRISON INDUSTRIES, 
                              INCORPORATED

    The Committee recommends a limitation on administrative 
expenses of $2,700,000 for Federal Prison Industries, 
Incorporated, (FPI) which is the same as fiscal year 2016 and 
the request.

               State and Local Law Enforcement Activities

    In total, the Committee recommends $2,392,956,000 for State 
and local law enforcement and crime prevention grant programs, 
including $2,319,956,000 in discretionary appropriations.
    Management and administrative expenses.--The Committee 
encourages grant offices to minimize administrative spending to 
maximize funding for grants or training and technical 
assistance. The Committee also directs the Department to ensure 
that the methodology for assessing management and 
administration costs is equitable and reflects a fair 
representation of the share of common management and 
administrative costs associated with each program. The 
Committee notes that an across-the-board percentage assessment 
may not be the most appropriate solution. The Committee is 
aware that, in general, the Department's grant offices for 
State and Local Law Enforcement Activities have authority to 
allocate certain expenses administratively to activities that 
are ancillary to the core purposes of the appropriation (e.g., 
peer review for a competitive program, training and technical 
assistance, and research and statistical activities).
    Office of Victims of Crime (OVC).--The recommendation 
provides $2,737,000,000 for the Crime Victims Fund. Within 
available resources, OVC may implement the office's Vision 21, 
which seeks to bring better technology, planning, research and 
data into the crime victims services field.
    The Committee expects the Department of Justice to consult 
with Indian tribal governments on the distribution of the funds 
made available in section 510 from the Crime Victims Fund.

                    Office on Violence Against Women


       VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN PREVENTION AND PROSECUTION PROGRAMS

    The Committee recommends $527,500,000 for the Office on 
Violence Against Women (OVW), which is $47,500,000 above fiscal 
year 2016 and $38,500,000 above the request. The recommendation 
does not divert funds from the Crime Victims Fund to pay for 
these discretionary programs. The recommendation includes 
funding above the request for Services, Training, Officers, and 
Prosecutors (STOP) grants, research and evaluation on violence 
against women, and the Rape Survivor Child Custody Act. The 
recommendation also funds the victims of trafficking program 
under this heading. Funds are distributed as follows:

       VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN PREVENTION AND PROSECUTION PROGRAMS
                        (in thousands of dollars)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                        Program                              Amount
------------------------------------------------------------------------
STOP Grants...........................................        $215,000
Transitional Housing Assistance.......................          30,000
Research and Evaluation on Violence Against Women.....           5,000
Consolidated Youth-Oriented Program...................          11,000
Grants to Encourage Arrest Policies...................          51,000
  Homicide Reduction Initiative.......................          (4,000)
Sexual Assault Victims Services.......................          35,000
Rural Domestic Violence and Child Abuse Enforcement...          34,000
Violence on College Campuses..........................          20,000
Civil Legal Assistance................................          45,000
Elder Abuse Grant Program.............................           5,000
Family Civil Justice..................................          16,000
Education and Training for Disabled Female Victims....           6,000
National Resource Center on Workplace Responses.......             500
Research on Violence Against Indian Women.............           1,000
Indian Country-Sexual Assault Clearinghouse...........             500
Tribal assistance.....................................           5,000
Victims of trafficking................................          45,000
Rape Survivor Child Custody Act.......................           2,500
                                                       =================
  TOTAL, Violence Against Women Prevention and                $527,500
   Prosecution Programs...............................
------------------------------------------------------------------------

                       Office of Justice Programs


                  RESEARCH, EVALUATION AND STATISTICS

    The Committee recommends $93,000,000 for Research, 
Evaluation and Statistics, which is $23,000,000 below fiscal 
year 2016 and $61,000,000 below the request. Funds are 
distributed as follows:

                   RESEARCH, EVALUATION AND STATISTICS
                        (in thousands of dollars)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                        Program                              Amount
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Bureau of Justice Statistics..........................         $48,000
  National Crime Victimization Survey.................          (6,000)
NCS-X Implementation Program..........................           5,000
National Institute of Justice.........................          40,000
                                                       =================
  TOTAL, Research, Evaluation and Statistics..........         $93,000
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Forensics.--The recommendation does not include funding for 
the forensics initiative. The Committee is concerned that the 
Administration's forensic sciences initiative lacks the 
involvement of the State and local practitioner community, 
making the community an observer--not a participant--in 
addressing forensic reform, and thereby running the risk that 
the initiative will not take into consideration existing, 
proven standards and processes used within the community. This 
matter is also addressed elsewhere in the report.
    Human trafficking research.--The Committee acknowledges the 
difficulty in estimating the prevalence of human trafficking, 
and the corresponding difficulty in gauging the effectiveness 
of the criminal justice system's response to the problem. 
Research can play an invaluable role in understanding 
prevalence and effectiveness through improved data collection 
and analysis. The Committee encourages the National Institute 
of Justice to increase funding for research into human 
trafficking.
    Campus climate.--The Committee supports the Department's 
development and testing of a pilot campus climate survey. The 
pilot suggests the vast majority of campus sexual assaults are 
not reported to authorities, do not come to the attention of 
university officials and, therefore, are not represented in 
official Federal statistics. The Committee encourages the 
Department to examine expanding upon the pilot survey and 
developing a cost-effective, standardized, and methodologically 
rigorous nationwide research program on campus sexual assault.
    High-risk vehicle events.--The Committee encourages the 
Bureau of Justice Statistics to develop a data collection 
process to accurately capture the number of deaths and injuries 
from police pursuits and high-risk vehicle events.

               STATE AND LOCAL LAW ENFORCEMENT ASSISTANCE

    The Committee recommends $1,199,906,000 for State and Local 
Law Enforcement Assistance programs, which is $208,594,000 
below fiscal year 2016 and $102,106,000 above the request. 
Funds are distributed as follows:

               STATE AND LOCAL LAW ENFORCEMENT ASSISTANCE
                        (in thousands of dollars)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                        Program                              Amount
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Byrne Memorial Justice Assistance Grants..............        $476,000
  Officer Robert Wilson III VALOR Initiative..........         (20,000)
  Domestic Radicalization Research....................          (4,000)
  Bulletproof Vest Partnership........................         (22,500)
  Juvenile Indigent Defense...........................          (2,500)
  NamUS...............................................          (2,400)
State Criminal Alien Assistance Program...............         273,906
Capital Litigation and Wrongful Conviction Review.....           2,000
White Collar Crime Prevention.........................          10,000
Adam Walsh Act Implementation.........................          20,000
National Sex Offender Public Website..................           1,000
Violent Gang and Gun Crime Reduction..................          20,000
National Instant Criminal Background Check System               73,000
 (NICS) Initiative....................................
DNA Initiative........................................         125,000
  Debbie Smith DNA Backlog Grants.....................        (117,000)
  Kirk Bloodsworth Post-Conviction DNA Testing Grants.          (4,000)
  Sexual Assault Forensic Exam Program Grants.........          (4,000)
CASA--Special Advocates...............................           9,000
Prison Rape Prevention and Prosecution................          12,000
Comprehensive School Safety Initiative................          75,000
Opioid Initiative.....................................         103,000
  Drug Courts.........................................         (42,000)
  Veterans Treatment Courts...........................          (7,000)
  Residential Substance Abuse Treatment...............         (12,000)
  Prescription Drug Monitoring........................         (14,000)
  Mentally Ill Offender Act...........................         (12,000)
                                                       =================
  TOTAL, State and Local Law Enforcement Assistance...      $1,199,906
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Opioid abuse.--The recommendation includes $103,000,000 for 
programs to reduce opioid abuse, which is the full amount 
authorized by the House-passed Comprehensive Opioid Abuse 
Reduction Act of 2016. Within this amount is $42,000,000 for 
drug courts; $7,000,000 for veterans treatment courts; 
$12,000,000 for Residential Substance Abuse Treatment; 
$14,000,000 for prescription drug monitoring; $12,000,000 for 
the Mentally Ill Offender Act; and $16,000,000 for other 
programs authorized by the bill.
    The Committee believes that communities must address opioid 
abuse through comprehensive strategies that incorporate 
enhanced enforcement, education and treatment. The Committee 
directs the Office of Justice Programs (OJP) to work with the 
Drug Enforcement Administration, the Department of Health and 
Human Services, and the National Institute of Justice to 
develop, and help communities implement, best practices to 
address opioid abuse.
    National Instant Criminal Background Check System (NICS) 
Initiative grants.--The recommendation includes $73,000,000 for 
grants to improve records in NICS. This initiative combines the 
National Criminal History Improvement Program (NCHIP) and the 
NICS Act Record Improvement Program (NARIP). The Committee 
directs that the grants made under the broader NCHIP 
authorities be made available only for efforts to improve 
records added to NICS. Additionally, the Department shall 
prioritize funding under NARIP authorities with the goal of 
making all States NICS Improvement Amendments Act of 2007 
(NIAA) compliant. The Department also shall apply penalties to 
noncompliant States to the fullest extent of the law.
    The Committee understands that ATF is willing to provide 
technical assistance to all States seeking to establish 
programs that meet the NIAA requirements for NARIP grants. Even 
in the absence of funding exclusively for NARIP, the Committee 
directs the Department to continue these efforts. The Committee 
again urges the OJP, ATF and FBI to assist States that are not 
currently eligible for NARIP grants in meeting the eligibility 
requirements.
    The Committee encourages OJP to provide technical 
assistance and training services for current and future NCHIP 
and NARIP grantees.
    The Committee also reiterates existing legal requirements 
that data in the NICS be deleted after a check is completed.
    Gun crime and gang violence.--The recommendation includes 
$20,000,000 for communities working with their local U.S. 
Attorneys to develop and implement gun crime and gang violence 
reduction programs.
    Byrne Memorial Justice Assistance Grant (Byrne/JAG) 
program.--The recommendation includes $476,000,000 for the 
Byrne/JAG program and consolidates the activities of the COPS 
Hiring program into the Byrne/JAG program. Funding under this 
formula program is authorized for law enforcement programs 
including those that promote data interoperability between 
disparate law enforcement entities; prosecution and court 
programs; prevention and education programs; corrections 
programs; drug treatment and enforcement programs; planning, 
evaluation, and technology improvement programs; and crime 
victim and witness programs, other than compensation. Within 
the amount provided, $4,000,000 is for research on domestic 
radicalization; $20,000,000 is for the Officer Robert Wilson 
III Preventing Violence Against Law Enforcement and Ensuring 
Officer Resilience and Survivability (VALOR) Initiative; 
$22,500,000 is for the Bulletproof Vest Partnership program; 
$2,500,000 is juvenile indigent defense; and $2,400,000 is for 
the National Missing and Unidentified Persons System. Excluding 
carveouts, the recommendation for Byrne/JAG is $77,500,000 
above fiscal year 2016 and $117,100,000 above the request. The 
Committee is concerned by the impact on law enforcement of the 
growing epidemic of prescription drug and heroin abuse, and 
notes that funds within this account may be utilized for the 
implementation of medication-assisted treatment to maintain 
abstinence from all opioids and heroin. The Committee notes 
that Byrne/JAG funding can be used for law enforcement 
purposes, such as the hiring of law enforcement officers, 
including School Resource Officers or other ``non-enforcement'' 
officers. The Committee notes that Byrne/JAG funding can be 
used for pursuit technology and training to reduce deaths and 
injuries during high-risk vehicle events. The Committee 
recognizes the importance of cultural sensitivity training and 
diversity in hiring in local law enforcement to ensure that law 
enforcement reflects the communities they serve. The Committee 
notes that Byrne/JAG funds may be used for these purposes.
    Officer Robert Wilson III Memorial VALOR Initiative.--In 
order to address violence against law enforcement officers, the 
Committee has increased funding for the VALOR Initiative by 
$5,000,000. The Committee also encourages VALOR to increase its 
training partnerships that offer nationwide dynamic force-on-
force scenario-based training. The Committee understands the 
training has been adopted by numerous States and agencies as 
their standard active shooter training and that the FBI has 
adopted this program as its national training standard for 
active shooter response.
    State Criminal Alien Assistance Program (SCAAP).--The 
recommendation includes $273,906,000 for SCAAP, which is 
$63,906,000 above fiscal year 2016. SCAAP provides grants that 
reimburse States and localities for the costs incurred in 
incarcerating undocumented criminal aliens. The President's 
request proposed to terminate this program.
    Competitive grants.--The Committee urges the Department to 
prioritize improving forensic interview training for child 
abuse investigation and prosecution professionals.
    Forensics training.--The Committee is aware of a number of 
programs surrounding trafficking offenses, sex crimes and 
domestic violence that provide similar support to State and 
local law enforcement and prosecutors. The Committee encourages 
OJP to increase efforts to provide State and local prosecutors 
with training, particularly train the trainer, and trial 
experience in cybercrimes and digital evidence.
    The Committee is also encouraged by efforts to expand the 
ability of academic forensic technology programs to assist the 
Department in identifying and profiling online crime, hate and 
terror groups.
    DNA initiative.--The recommendation includes $125,000,000 
for DNA-related and forensic programs and activities, an 
increase of $20,000,000 above the request and the same as the 
fiscal year 2016 level. Within the funds provided, the 
Committee provides $4,000,000 each for Post-Conviction DNA 
Testing grants and Sexual Assault Forensic Exam Program grants. 
The Committee expects that OJP will make funding for DNA 
analysis and capacity enhancement a priority to meet the 
purposes of the Debbie Smith DNA Backlog Grant Program. The 
Committee directs the Department to submit, as part of its 
spending plan, a plan for the use of all funds appropriated for 
DNA-related and forensic programs and a report on the alignment 
of appropriated funds with the authorized purposes of the 
Debbie Smith DNA Backlog Grant Program.
    Victims of trafficking grants.--In the OVW account, the 
recommendation includes $45,000,000 for human trafficking task 
force activities and for services for victims. These funds may 
also be used to develop, expand and strengthen assistance 
programs for child victims of sex and labor trafficking. The 
Committee notes that the Justice for Victims of Trafficking Act 
established a Domestic Trafficking Victims Fund, which will 
provide additional resources for these programs. The Committee 
directs DOJ to support the victim-centered approach to 
recognizing and responding to human trafficking, especially 
across partnerships between Federal and local law enforcement 
agencies and victim service providers. The Department shall 
include a planned allocation of these funds in its spending 
plan. The Committee encourages the Department to increase the 
number of human trafficking task forces funded by this program 
to at least 40.
    Preventing trafficking of girls.--The Committee encourages 
the Office for Victims of Crime and the Office of Juvenile 
Justice and Delinquency Prevention to examine ways to assist 
nonprofits and other nongovernmental entities with a proven 
track record of administering successful prevention and early 
intervention programs for girls vulnerable to trafficking.
    Pre-trial risk assessment.--The Committee continues its 
support for Bureau of Justice Assistance programs widespread 
adoption of evidence-based screening and assessment tools 
across the criminal justice system and believes further 
improvements are needed at the earliest stage of the process, 
or the pretrial period, to make the system fairer and less 
costly. The Committee is encouraged by States' development of 
Risk-Needs-Responsivity (RNR) models and encourages OJP to 
examine if funding should be made available for grants to 
assist States in the development and implementation of RNR 
tools for determining pretrial detention, sentencing, probation 
or post-release supervision, prison classification systems, and 
offender re-entry.

                       JUVENILE JUSTICE PROGRAMS

    The Committee recommends $184,250,000 for Juvenile Justice 
programs, which is $85,910,000 below fiscal year 2016 and 
$150,150,000 below the request. Funds are distributed as 
follows:

                        JUVENILE JUSTICE PROGRAMS
                        (in thousands of dollars)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                        Program                              Amount
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Youth Mentoring Grants................................         $90,000
Victims of Child Abuse Programs.......................          20,000
Missing and Exploited Children Programs...............          72,250
Training for Judicial Personnel.......................           2,000
                                                       =================
  TOTAL, Juvenile Justice.............................        $184,250
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Youth mentoring grants.--The recommendation includes 
$90,000,000 for youth mentoring grants, which is the same as 
fiscal year 2016 and $32,000,000 above the request.
    Missing and exploited children programs.--The 
recommendation includes $72,250,000 for missing and exploited 
children programs, which is $90,000 above fiscal year 2016 and 
$5,250,000 above the request. The Committee expects the 
Department to allocate no less than the current year level for 
task force grants, training and technical assistance, research 
and statistics, and administrative costs for the Internet 
Crimes Against Children program. The Committee expects the 
Department to allocate $1,000,000 to be used to hire and equip 
wounded, ill or injured veterans as digital forensic analysts 
or investigators to support child exploitation investigations.

                     PUBLIC SAFETY OFFICER BENEFITS

    The Committee recommends a total of $89,300,000 for the 
Public Safety Officer Benefits program, which is $1,000,000 
above fiscal year 2016 and the same as the request. Within the 
funds provided, $73,000,000 is for death benefits for 
survivors, an amount estimated by the Congressional Budget 
Office that is considered mandatory for scorekeeping purposes. 
Also within the total, $16,300,000 is recommended, as 
requested, for disability benefits for public safety officers 
who are permanently and totally disabled as a result of a 
catastrophic injury sustained in the line of duty, and for 
education benefits for the spouses and children of officers who 
are killed in the line of duty or who are permanently and 
totally disabled as a result of a catastrophic injury sustained 
in the line of duty.

                  Community Oriented Policing Services


             COMMUNITY ORIENTED POLICING SERVICES PROGRAMS

                     (INCLUDING TRANSFER OF FUNDS)

    The recommendation includes $299,000,000 for the COPS 
account. Funds are to be distributed as follows:

              COMMUNITY ORIENTED POLICING SERVICES PROGRAMS
                        (in thousands of dollars)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                        Program                              Amount
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Transfer to DEA for Methamphetamine Lab Cleanups......         $11,000
Community trust initiative............................          75,000
  Body worn camera partnership initiative.............         (22,500)
  Justice Reinvestment Initiative.....................         (27,500)
  Research and statistics on community trust..........         (10,000)
  Byrne Criminal Justice Innovation Program...........         (15,000)
Second Chance Act.....................................          68,000
Community Teams to Reduce the Sexual Assault Kit (SAK)          45,000
 Backlog..............................................
Tribal assistance.....................................          65,000
Regional information sharing activities...............          35,000
                                                       =================
  TOTAL, Community Oriented Policing Services.........        $299,000
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Methamphetamine lab cleanup.--The recommendation includes 
$11,000,000, which shall be transferred to DEA to assist State, 
local and tribal law enforcement agencies with the removal and 
disposal of hazardous materials at methamphetamine labs, 
including funds for training, technical assistance, the 
purchase of equipment, and a container program.
    Community trust initiative.--The recommendation includes 
$75,000,000 for a program to improve police-community 
relations. Included in this initiative is $15,000,000 for the 
Byrne Criminal Justice Innovation Program, $27,500,000 for 
justice reinvestment, $22,500,000 for a body-worn camera 
partnership initiative, and $10,000,000 for research and 
statistics on community trust.
    The body-worn camera partnership initiative includes pilot 
and demonstration grants for purchase of body-worn cameras for 
police. This initiative will also establish baseline procedures 
for the use of body-worn cameras, support State and local 
efforts regarding the use of such equipment, and provide 
necessary research into the use of this technology. The 
demonstration grants shall require a 1:1 match by the grantee 
and shall not be used to pay for the ongoing costs or data 
storage costs associated with body camera footage. The 
demonstration grants shall only be provided to States with laws 
governing the use of body-worn cameras and shall not interfere 
with State laws and requirements. The Bureau of Justice 
Assistance shall administer this initiative and provide 
periodic updates to the Committee regarding its implementation.
    As the Committee believes that improving police-community 
relations will require more than just equipment procurement, 
the recommendation provides $27,500,000 for the justice 
reinvestment initiative, which provides assistance to 
jurisdictions to implement data-driven strategies to improve 
public safety by reducing corrections spending and reinvesting 
those savings in efforts to decrease crime and strengthen 
neighborhoods. The Committee recognizes the tremendous 
potential of justice reinvestment efforts, noting that 
successful efforts in States, such as Texas, Kansas, North 
Carolina, Ohio, and Pennsylvania, which have saved millions of 
dollars and serve as models for criminal justice reform in the 
Nation. Funding may be used to provide technical assistance to 
States with existing reinvestment programs, expand the 
initiative to additional States, or provide additional funding 
for existing sites.
    The Committee believes that comprehensive, career-long 
leadership education for all local law enforcement officers 
remains critical to reducing crime and strengthening 
relationships between law enforcement agencies and the 
communities they serve, and the Committee notes that funds in 
the community trust initiative can be used for leadership 
training programs that provide measurable improvements in local 
law enforcement officer performance, adaptive decision-making 
skills, civic involvement, and officer-community relations.
    Second Chance Act/offender reentry programs.--The 
recommendation includes $68,000,000 for Second Chance Act 
grants. Excluding carveouts, the recommendation is $22,500,000 
above fiscal year 2016.
    The Committee remains concerned that despite a dramatic 
increase in corrections spending over the past two decades, 
recidivism and re-incarceration rates are largely unchanged. 
The Committee is aware that case studies of innovative, 
evidence-based practices provide strong indication that this 
pattern can be reversed. The Committee expects that Second 
Chance Act grants will foster the implementation of strategies 
that have been proven to reduce recidivism and ensure safe and 
successful reentry back to their communities of adults released 
from prisons and jails. The Committee expects DOJ to designate 
funds for proven, evidenced-based programs that will further 
the goal of maximizing public safety.
    Vocational and intensive outpatient services.--The 
Committee is aware of promising program models that combine 
vocational and intensive outpatient services for individuals 
recovering from addiction who are referred through the U.S. 
Probation and Pretrial Services System. The Committee 
encourages OJP to demonstrate and measure the impact of these 
models. The Department shall report, no later than 90 days 
after enactment of this Act, on the status of these efforts.
    Tribal assistance.--The recommendation includes $65,000,000 
for OJP tribal grant programs, an increase of $35,000,000 above 
the enacted level. The Committee expects OJP to continue to 
consult closely with tribes to determine how tribal assistance 
funds will be allocated among grant programs that improve 
public safety in tribal communities, such as grants for 
detention facilities under section 20109 of subtitle A of title 
II of the Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act of 1994 
(Public Law 103-322), civil and criminal legal assistance as 
authorized by title I of Public Law 106-559, tribal courts, and 
alcohol and substance abuse reduction assistance programs. The 
Committee directs OJP to use such consultation to inform the 
allocation of funds it shall submit as part of its spending 
plan. The Committee notes that the recommendation includes 
additional grant funding for tribal law enforcement programs 
through OVW.
    Sexual assault kit backlog grants.--The recommendation 
includes $45,000,000 for grants to address the sexual assault 
kit (SAK) backlog. The Committee encourages stakeholders and 
local law enforcement to continue working with Federal law 
enforcement to resolve this important issue. The Committee also 
encourages OJP to increase its efforts to ensure that strong 
research and program evaluations are undertaken utilizing 
independent evaluators with the experience and skills to 
provide necessary feedback and improve the efficiency of SAK 
processing.

               General Provisions--Department of Justice

    The Committee has included the following general provisions 
for the Department of Justice:
    Section 201 makes available additional reception and 
representation funding for the Attorney General from the 
amounts provided in this title.
    Section 202 prohibits the use of funds to pay for an 
abortion, except in the case of rape, incest, or to preserve 
the life of the mother.
    Section 203 prohibits the use of funds to require any 
person to perform or facilitate the performance of an abortion.
    Section 204 establishes the obligation of the Director of 
the Bureau of Prisons to provide escort services to an inmate 
receiving an abortion outside of a Federal facility, except 
where this obligation conflicts with the preceding section.
    Section 205 establishes the Committee's requirements and 
procedures for transfer proposals.
    Section 206 prohibits the use of certain funds for 
transporting prisoners classified as maximum or high security, 
other than to a facility certified by the Bureau of Prisons as 
appropriately secure.
    Section 207 prohibits the use of funds for the purchase or 
rental by Federal prisons of audiovisual equipment, services 
and materials used primarily for recreational purposes, except 
for those items and services needed for inmate training, 
religious, or educational purposes.
    Section 208 requires review by the Deputy Attorney General 
and the Department Investment Review Board prior to the 
obligation or expenditure of funds for major information 
technology projects.
    Section 209 requires the Department to follow reprogramming 
procedures for any deviation from the program amounts specified 
in this title or the accompanying report, or the reuse of 
deobligated funds provided in previous years.
    Section 210 prohibits the use of funds for A-76 
competitions for work performed by employees of Federal Prison 
Industries, Inc.
    Section 211 prohibits U.S. Attorneys from holding 
additional responsibilities that exempt U.S. Attorneys from 
statutory residency requirements.
    Section 212 permits up to 3 percent of grant and 
reimbursement program funds made available to OJP to be used 
for training and technical assistance and permits up to 3 
percent of grant or reimbursement funds made available to that 
office to be used for criminal justice research, evaluation and 
statistics.
    Section 213 permanently prohibits funds, other than funds 
for the National Instant Criminal Background Check System 
established under the Brady Handgun Violence Prevention Act, 
from being used to facilitate the transfer of an operable 
firearm to a known or suspected agent of a drug cartel where 
law enforcement personnel do not continuously monitor or 
control such firearm.
    Section 214 places limitations on the obligation of funds 
from certain Department of Justice accounts and funding 
sources.

                               TITLE III


                                SCIENCE


                Office of Science and Technology Policy

    The Committee recommends $5,555,000 for the Office of 
Science and Technology Policy (OSTP), which is the same as 
fiscal year 2016 and $11,000 less than the request.
    The Committee commends OSTP and the National Science 
Foundation (NSF) for their work in co-chairing the National 
Science and Technology Council's Committee on Science, 
Technology, Engineering, and Math Education (CoSTEM), which was 
chartered to coordinate Federal programs and activities in 
support of STEM education pursuant to the requirements of the 
America COMPETES Reauthorization Act of 2015 (Public Law 111-
358). The Committee believes that Federal investments in STEM 
education could be greatly enhanced through the creation of a 
unified and publicly available online location containing 
information about, and links to, all Federal STEM education-
related programs and materials across departments and agencies, 
including complex search options to maximize the utility of the 
portal. The target audience of such an online portal should 
broadly include both individuals and groups, students, and 
formal and informal educators. Such an online portal could and 
should ultimately be used by all Federal agencies engaged in 
STEM education and should be implemented in accordance with the 
CoSTEM goals and the Federal STEM Education 5-year Strategic 
Plan. The Committee directs OSTP to work with the Federal 
departments and agencies represented on the CoSTEM to develop a 
plan detailing the costs, schedule, and efforts that would be 
needed to create and operate this unified online portal. Such 
plan should be delivered to the Committee not later than 60 
days after enactment of this Act.
    Public access to Federally funded research.--In response to 
direction from the Committee, OSTP continues to coordinate 
Federal agency plans to develop and implement policies to 
increase public access to the results of Federally funded 
scientific research. The Committee understands that a number of 
agencies already have posted access plans online and that 
efforts continue to approve access plans for the remaining 
Federal agencies. Further, the Committee urges OSTP to 
coordinate the development and implementation of policies by 
Federal agencies to require that agencies make research data 
underpinning the results described in scientific publications 
publicly accessible. OSTP shall continue to report to the 
Committee until all agencies have implemented their plans to 
increase public access to the results of Federally funded 
scientific research.
    Patents.--The Committee is aware that Federal employees who 
work at certain research laboratories are eligible to benefit 
from successful patent applications that were granted as a 
result of Federally funded research, as per 15 U.S.C. 3710c. 
OSTP shall submit a report within 180 days of enactment of this 
Act describing how Federal science agencies and bureaus funded 
in this bill use this authority; the number of employees who 
have benefited from 15 U.S.C. 3710c; and a list of the patents 
to which this section has been applied.

             National Aeronautics and Space Administration

    The Committee recommends $19,508,000,000 for the National 
Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), which is 
$223,000,000 above fiscal year 2016 and $1,245,900,000 above 
the discretionary request. The request included $763,000,000 of 
unrealistic and unauthorized new mandatory funding proposals 
that disproportionately impacted ongoing science and human 
exploration programs. The recommendations below do not include 
any mandatory funds. Instead, the recommendations provide NASA 
with a balanced portfolio that ensures current and future 
stability to pursue scientific discoveries, develop new 
technology, explore our universe, and engage Americans. NASA is 
a national asset that must be challenged, funded, guided, and 
supported. Budget gimmickry such as that included in the budget 
request does nothing to thoughtfully contribute to the goal of 
ensuring that NASA maintains its global leadership position as 
we push the boundaries of human and scientific exploration, 
discovery, and knowledge.
    Decadal surveys.--The Committee directs that the priorities 
outlined in the decadal surveys for Earth Science, Planetary 
Science, Astrophysics, and Heliophysics shall drive NASA 
mission priorities.
    Government Accountability Office (GAO) assessments of 
large-scale projects.--NASA shall continue to cooperate fully 
and provide timely information to the GAO so that it may 
fulfill its congressional mandate to report on the status of 
large-scale projects at NASA. Such information includes, but is 
not limited to, copies of preliminary cost estimates; access to 
online agency applications, databases, and web portals; and 
access to contractor and agency personnel.
    Cost breach reporting.--NASA shall submit to the Committee 
any notifications and reports on cost overruns required by 
section 103 of the NASA Authorization Act of 2005 (Public Law 
109-155).
    Federally Funded Research and Development Centers 
(FFRDCs).--In June 2004, the Report of the President's 
Commission on Implementation of the United States Space 
Exploration Policy recommended that NASA, through an open, 
competitive process, transition its Centers to FFRDCs, noting 
that the FFRDC model is a proven management structure that 
results in successful and innovative research. The Commission 
stated that with the exception of some specific governmental 
functions such as contracting, launch operations, and flight 
operations, which should remain under direct Federal management 
within the Centers, the FFRDC model would work well for NASA 
Centers. NASA shall, within 90 days of enactment of this Act, 
contract for an independent examination of the benefits and 
constraints of increasing NASA Centers' collaboration with 
academia and the private sector. To conduct this assessment, 
which shall be published no more than 2 years after enactment 
of this Act, NASA shall choose an organization that will 
convene individuals with recognized relevant expertise and 
whose collective credentials sufficiently cover the entire 
range of NASA's mission activities. The study shall include the 
feasibility of increasing partnerships between the Centers and 
academia, and the feasibility of transitioning some or all 
Centers to become FFRDCs. This review shall examine the 
Department of Energy (DOE) laboratories, which are FFRDCs, and 
NASA's relationship with the Jet Propulsion Lab (JPL), a 
current NASA FFRDC, to determine if the DOE or JPL model would 
be feasible or advantageous for adoption at any of the NASA 
Centers. This review shall also include recommendations for 
incentives to address potential employee concerns with respect 
to Federal employment status.
    Termination liability.--The Committee notes that it awaits 
a report on NASA termination liability policies required in 
Public Law 114-113.
    Multi-year procurement authority.--The Committee 
understands that NASA has multi-year procurement authority 
under 10 U.S.C. 2306b (procurement of property) and 10 U.S.C. 
2306c (procurement of services). The Committee urges NASA to 
use these authorities to the fullest extent possible to take 
advantage of cost savings and other efficiencies that may be 
achieved with long-lead purchase requirements. Use of this 
authority, however, does not obviate the need for NASA to keep 
the Committee fully informed of its expenditure of funds.
    Program and project totals.--The Committee's program and 
project recommendations for NASA are included in the 
consolidated funding table below and in narrative direction 
throughout this report. The Committee reminds NASA that any 
deviations from the amounts included in the table below are 
subject to section 505 requirements of this Act. When executing 
its budget for fiscal year 2017, NASA shall incorporate the 
funding levels established in both the table and the narrative 
direction. NASA is reminded that comity has existed between the 
Congress and the Executive Branch with respect to abiding by 
language included in this report and in the accompanying 
appropriations Act. The Committee expects NASA to respect this 
long-standing practice.

              NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION
                        (in thousands of dollars)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                        Program                              Amount
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Science:
  Earth Science.......................................      $1,690,000
  Planetary Science...................................       1,846,000
  Astrophysics........................................         792,900
  James Webb Space Telescope..........................         569,400
  Heliophysics........................................         698,700
                                                       -----------------
Total, Science........................................       5,597,000
                                                       =================
Aeronautics:..........................................         712,000
                                                       =================
Space Technology:.....................................         739,200
                                                       =================
Human Exploration and Operations:
  Orion Multi-purpose Crew Vehicle....................       1,350,000
  Space Launch System (SLS) Vehicle Development.......       2,000,000
  Exploration Ground System...........................         429,000
  Exploration R&D.....................................;         404,000
                                                       -----------------
Total, Human Exploration and Operations...............       4,183,000
                                                       =================
Space Operations:.....................................       4,890,300
                                                       =================
Education:
  NASA Space Grant....................................          40,000
  Experimental Program to Stimulate Competitive                 18,000
   Research...........................................
  Minority University Research Education Program......          32,000
  STEM Education and Accountability Projects..........          25,000
                                                       -----------------
Total, Education......................................         115,000
                                                       =================
Safety, Security and Mission Services:................       2,835,400
                                                       =================
Construction and Environmental Compliance and                  398,000
 Restoration:.........................................
                                                       =================
Office of Inspector General:..........................          38,100
                                                       =================
Total, NASA...........................................     $19,508,000
------------------------------------------------------------------------

                                SCIENCE

    The Committee recommends $5,597,000,000 for Science, which 
is $7,600,000 above fiscal year 2016 and $294,500,000 above the 
discretionary request.
    Earth Science.--The recommendation includes $1,690,000,000 
for Earth Science programs. NASA shall ensure that the Earth 
Science portfolio is focused on the science priorities outlined 
in the most recent Earth Science decadal survey. Within amounts 
provided, NASA shall prioritize funding for the NASA-ISRO 
Synthetic Aperture Radar (NISAR) to maintain the 2020 launch 
for this satellite that will observe ecosystem disturbances, 
ice-sheet collapse, earthquakes, tsunamis, volcanoes and 
landslides. NASA shall also prioritize funds for continued 
development of the Landsat-9 mission. The Committee expects 
NASA and its partners to evaluate commercially available data 
in the event that there is a data gap in the Landsat program.
    Planetary Science.--The recommendation includes 
$1,846,000,000 for Planetary Science. The Committee urges NASA, 
in subsequent budget requests, to ensure that it requests 
sufficient funds across its Discovery and New Frontiers 
programs to ensure a balanced cadence of missions that the 
science community can adequately plan for and participate in.
    Within amounts provided for Planetary Science, the 
recommendation includes $284,700,000 for Planetary Science 
Research, including $178,100,000 for Planetary Science Research 
and Analysis. The recommendation also includes $50,000,000 as 
requested for NASA's continued efforts to detect and monitor 
near Earth objects.
    Discovery.--The recommendation includes $232,300,000, 
including an increase of $30,000,000 above the request, to 
support the selection of up to two competitively selected 
missions from the Discovery 2014 Announcement of Opportunity. 
Discovery missions allow scientists and engineers to assemble 
teams that launch small missions using fewer resources and 
shorter development times; their main objective is to explore 
planets, moons of planets, comets and asteroids. Successful 
Discovery missions that have produced a wealth of science and 
spurred public interest include the Mars Pathfinder, Dawn, and 
Kepler, among many others. In subsequent budget requests, NASA 
is encouraged to plan for and select two Discovery missions 
every four years.
    New Frontiers.--The recommendation includes $144,000,000 
for New Frontiers. New Frontiers missions explore the solar 
system with frequent, medium-class spacecraft missions. The 
Committee notes that the Origins-Spectral Interpretation-
Resource Identification-Security-Regolith Explorer (OSIRIS-Rex) 
New Frontiers mission, which will launch during 2016, will 
collect samples from an asteroid and return them to Earth.
    Mars Exploration.--The recommendation includes $647,000,000 
for the Mars Exploration program, including $408,000,000 for 
the Mars 2020 mission that meets scientific objectives from the 
most recent Planetary Science decadal survey. Additional 
funding above the request is provided to achieve maximum 
efficiencies from early buys of hardware with commonality with 
the Curiosity Rover. Also included within amounts for Mars 
Exploration is $239,000,000 for Other Missions and Data 
Analysis (OMDA). Within amounts provided for OMDA, $20,000,000 
is for Mars Technology, including $15,000,000 for a Mars 
helicopter technology demonstration to be flown on the Mars 
2020 mission; and $20,000,000, $10,000,000 above the request, 
is for Mars Future Missions to initiate the next Mars mission 
after Mars 2020, including the enhancements needed for 
telecommunications capability around Mars. NASA shall continue 
technology development for subsequent sample return stages to 
ensure that it meets the highest priority Planetary Science 
decadal survey objectives.
    Outer Planets and Ocean Worlds.--The Committee appreciates 
that NASA has created an Ocean Worlds Exploration Program whose 
primary goal is to discover extant life on another world using 
a mix of Discovery, New Frontiers and flagship class missions. 
The recommendation includes $348,000,000 for Outer Planets and 
Ocean Worlds, of which not less than $260,000,000 is for the 
Jupiter Europa Orbiter and Lander to fulfill the requirements 
of the most recent Planetary Science decadal survey. To support 
progress on this mission, NASA shall ensure that future funding 
requests are consistent with achieving a Europa Orbiter launch 
no later than 2022 and a Europa Lander launch no later than 
2024, pending final mission configuration. NASA is encouraged 
to select the Lander payload during fiscal year 2017 to support 
the above launch window.
    Technology.--The recommendation includes $190,000,000 for 
Technology. Within these amounts, no less than $25,000,000 is 
for icy satellite surface technology and test-bed activities. 
Also included within the Technology program is $20,000,000 for 
NASA to continue its collaboration work with the Department of 
Energy to domestically produce plutonium-238 for use as a 
source of energy in space missions.
    Impact craters.--Impact craters in the U.S. that are well 
preserved and accessible provide researchers and educators with 
the simultaneous opportunity to expand our understanding of the 
Earth's and the Solar System's history and to show students 
research in action as a part of their STEM education. NASA is 
encouraged to make funds available for external competitive 
funding to conduct further scientific investigation of well-
preserved and easily accessible impact craters and 
simultaneously provide education and outreach on Earth's 
erosion processes and more broadly on the scientific method of 
research.
    Astrophysics.--The recommendation includes $792,900,000 for 
Astrophysics. An increase of $10,000,000 is provided for the 
Exoplanet Exploration program to develop the technology for a 
possible StarShade demonstration mission using the Wide-Field 
Infrared Survey Telescope.
    Astrophysics observatories.--The Committee commends NASA 
for its long-standing efforts to provide the scientific 
community with observations of astrophysical objects 
simultaneously over a broad range of wavelengths. The Committee 
understands that NASA and the community are working on concept 
studies for the next Astrophysics Decadal survey and that 
missions are being proposed for the upcoming Astrophysics 
Explorers Announcement of Opportunity. As appropriate, NASA 
shall keep the Committee informed of any future plans to obtain 
astrophysical observations in the x-ray and gamma-ray 
wavelengths.
    Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA).--
The recommendation includes $85,200,000, the fiscal year 2016 
level, for SOFIA, a state-of-the-art far-infrared observatory 
with a planned 20-year life cycle. When determining future 
observation cycles, NASA shall not undertake any actions 
leading to the premature shutdown of the SOFIA program without 
the participation of international partners, as appropriate, in 
any scientific reviews and formulation of recommendations. 
Consistent with the approach NASA has taken with the Great 
Observatories, NASA shall also not undertake any changes that 
would be disruptive to the SOFIA program and the management of 
its operations.
    James Webb Space Telescope (JWST).--The recommendation for 
the JWST is $569,400,000, which is the same as the request and 
$50,600,000 below fiscal year 2016. While the Committee remains 
supportive of the JWST and the science that will result from 
its mission, GAO's March 2016 Assessments of Major Projects 
found that major integration and test events remain to be 
completed prior to its October 2018 launch readiness date. NASA 
shall continue to provide the Committee with quarterly 
briefings on JWST's technical status, achievement of program 
milestones, and budget and schedule performance.
    Heliophysics.--The recommendation includes $698,700,000 for 
Heliophysics, which is $25,000,000 above the discretionary 
request.
    Education and Public Outreach (EPO).--The recommendation 
includes $37,000,000 for Science Mission Directorate (SMD)-wide 
EPO activities. NASA shall, in the fiscal year 2017 spending 
plan, reallocate these funds proportionally among the SMD 
divisions, resulting in a dedicated budget line for each 
division's EPO activities. This approach will still permit 
competition among projects for the best use of funds; focus 
that competition among projects that are more easily compared 
to one another; and provide better stability for the 
educational communities in each major SMD discipline.

                              AERONAUTICS

    The Committee recommends $712,000,000 for Aeronautics, 
which is $72,000,000 above fiscal year 2016 and $77,500,000 
above the discretionary request.
    Low Boom Flight Demonstrator.--Within amounts provided for 
Aeronautics, $61,000,000 is to begin development of the Low 
Boom Flight Demonstrator. This funding builds on $16,000,000 
allocated by NASA in fiscal year 2016 for preliminary design 
efforts. The Committee anticipates that the total cost to build 
this flight demonstrator will be approximately $300,000,000 and 
that it will be flown starting in fiscal year 2020. NASA shall 
ensure that it requests sufficient funds in subsequent budget 
requests to build and fly the low boom flight demonstrator as 
proposed. Finally, NASA shall ensure that research resulting 
from the flight demonstrator is transitioned, as quickly as 
possible, to the private sector for use in commercial aviation 
applications.
    Hypersonics research.--NASA is encouraged to work with 
other Federal partners to conduct fundamental hypersonics 
research, applied research in propulsion, vehicle technologies, 
and hypersonic flight experiments.
    Advanced materials research.--The Committee recognizes the 
role NASA and university research institutions play in 
developing advanced materials platforms for next generation air 
and space vehicles. Within amounts provided, NASA is encouraged 
to partner with academic institutions that have strong 
capabilities in aviation and aerospace structures; materials 
testing and evaluation; and with a demonstrated and recognized 
record for integration of these materials into manufacturing 
and production within the aviation and aerospace industry.
    Unmanned aircraft systems (UAS) safety.--The recommendation 
includes $169,400,000 for the Airspace Operations and Safety 
Program and directs NASA to help ensure the safe integration of 
UAS into the national airspace system. NASA is encouraged to 
work with the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) and the 
Department of Homeland Security to evaluate the safety of UAS 
for use in a broad range of public safety applications over 
land and maritime environments and to answer key research 
questions.
    Air traffic safety.--NASA is encouraged to coordinate with 
the FAA and leverage the six test ranges established under 
section 332 of the FAA Modernization and Reform Act (Public Law 
112 95) to help answer key research questions such as solutions 
for sense and avoid, command and control, ground control 
station standards and human factors, airworthiness, lost link 
procedures, and interoperability within the air traffic control 
system.
    Vertical lift research.--The Committee is supportive of 
NASA's Revolutionary Vertical Lift Technology initiative. NASA 
shall provide a report within 90 days of enactment that 
describes NASA's current rotary wing and fixed wing vertical 
lift research as well as planned outyear investments in this 
area.

                            SPACE TECHNOLOGY

    The Committee recommends $739,200,000 for Space Technology, 
which is $52,700,000 above fiscal year 2016 and $48,600,000 
above the discretionary request. When considering energy and 
propulsion grants, including fusion energy, NASA is encouraged 
to seek partnerships with agencies and universities with 
expertise in this area.
    Nuclear thermal propulsion technology.--The recommendation 
includes no less than $35,000,000 for nuclear propulsion 
technologies for space transportation and exploration. NASA 
shall provide a report to the Committee within 180 days of 
enactment of this Act on ongoing nuclear propulsion research, 
how NASA intends to employ this technology to support various 
exploration programs, and a comparison of nuclear propulsion 
and use to other forms of propulsion, in terms of speed and 
ease of construction.
    Small launch technology platform.--The recommendation 
provides no less than $45,000,000 for sub-orbital and orbital 
technology demonstration of small launch technology platforms 
able to carry a 200-300 kilogram small satellite into low Earth 
orbit. The small launch technology demonstration platform shall 
leverage existing government derived small launch technologies 
to the maximum extent possible.
    Additive manufacturing.--The recommendation provides no 
less than $25,000,000 for additive manufacturing technology 
research for use in rocket engines and structures.
    Interstellar propulsion research.--Current NASA propulsion 
investments include advancements in chemical, solar electric, 
and nuclear thermal propulsion. However, even in their ultimate 
theoretically achievable implementations, none of these could 
approach cruise velocities of one-tenth the speed of light 
(0.1c), nor could any other fission-based approach (including 
nuclear electric or pulsed fission). The Committee encourages 
NASA to study and develop propulsion concepts that could enable 
an interstellar scientific probe with the capability of 
achieving a cruise velocity of 0.1c. These efforts shall be 
centered on enabling such a mission to Alpha Centauri, which 
can be launched by the one-hundredth anniversary, 2069, of the 
Apollo 11 moon landing. Propulsion concepts may include, but 
are not limited to fusion-based implementations (including 
antimatter-catalyzed fusion and the Bussard interstellar 
ramjet); matter-antimatter annihilation reactions; multiple 
forms of beamed energy approaches; and immense `sails' that 
intercept solar photons or the solar wind. At the present time, 
none of these are beyond technology readiness level (TRL) 1 or 
2. The NASA Innovative Advanced Concepts (NIAC) program is 
currently funding concept studies of directed energy propulsion 
for wafer-sized spacecraft that in principle could achieve 
velocities exceeding 0.1c and an electric sail that intercepts 
solar wind protons. Over the past few years NIAC has also 
funded mission-level concept studies of two fusion-based 
propulsion concepts. Therefore, within one year of enactment of 
this Act, NASA shall submit an interstellar propulsion 
technology assessment report with a draft conceptual roadmap, 
which may include an overview of potential advance propulsion 
concepts for such an interstellar mission, including technical 
challenges, technology readiness level assessments, risks, and 
potential near-term milestones and funding requirements.

                              EXPLORATION

    The Committee recommends $4,183,000,000 for Exploration, 
which is $153,000,000 above fiscal year 2016 and $1,019,100,000 
above the discretionary request. GAO shall continue its reviews 
of NASA's human exploration programs, specifically the Space 
Launch System (SLS) program, the Orion program, and Exploration 
Ground Systems, including issues that cut across these 
programs. GAO shall provide interim, periodic updates to the 
Committee, as necessary, given that the first launch of SLS 
with Orion is scheduled to occur in 2018.
    Mission to Mars.--While the Committee recognizes the 
benefits of some of the technology that is under development as 
part of the asteroid redirect and retrieval missions, namely 
advanced propulsion technology research, asteroid deflection, 
and grappling technologies, the Committee believes that neither 
a robotic nor a crewed mission to an asteroid appreciably 
contribute to the overarching mission to Mars. Further, the 
long-term costs of launching a robotic craft to the asteroid, 
followed by a crewed mission, are unknown and will divert 
scarce resources away from developing technology and equipment 
necessary for missions to Mars, namely deep space habitats, 
accessing and utilizing space resources, and developing entry, 
descent, landing, and ascent technologies. Toward that end, no 
funds are included in this bill for NASA to continue planning 
efforts to conduct either robotic or crewed missions to an 
asteroid. Instead, NASA is encouraged to develop plans to 
return to the Moon to test capabilities that will be needed for 
Mars, including habitation modules, lunar prospecting, and 
landing and ascent vehicles. Further, the Committee is 
supportive of NASA's efforts to use the International Space 
Station (ISS) to conduct research necessary to enable long-term 
human spaceflight, or ``Earth-reliant'' technology development; 
cis-lunar space activities, or ``proving ground'' efforts such 
as Orion flights on SLS in the vicinity of the Moon, and 
deployment and testing of deep space habitation modules; and 
finally, NASA's ``Earth independent'' activities which include 
using cis-lunar space as a staging area, mapping potential 
human exploration zones and caching samples on Mars as part of 
the Mars Rover 2020 mission.
    Long-term exploration capabilities.--NASA continues to 
develop the Orion Multi-Purpose Crew Vehicle, Space Launch 
System and Exploration Ground System Development projects with 
the completion of the critical design review milestone for the 
core designs. These core designs will support many of the 
missions that the Agency will undertake in the future. These 
designs are extensible to human missions to the proving ground 
and will support a new class of robotic spacecraft and 
missions. Early human missions, such as Exploration Mission-1 
(EM-1) and EM-2 will serve as the foundational missions 
validating the core functionality of the designs and building 
operational knowledge needed for flights beyond the Earth and 
moon system. Because Orion and SLS are elements of a multi-
decadal, integrated deep space exploration capability, the 
missions beyond EM-2 will evolve the designs of both Orion and 
SLS with enhanced capabilities and build the skills necessary 
for human exploration independent of Earth. This evolution, as 
was done on Mercury, Gemini, Apollo and Space Shuttle allows 
the continued adaptability, flexibility and flight safety 
approach critical to moving from the proving ground to Earth 
independent phases of exploration.
    Human exploration.--The recommendation for NASA's human 
exploration program includes $1,350,000,000 for the Orion 
Multi-purpose Crew Vehicle; $2,000,000,000 for SLS vehicle 
development; and $429,000,000 for Exploration Ground Systems. 
NASA's budget proposed funding gimmicks and cuts that would 
decimate the very programs that will engage, employ, energize 
and inspire the nation. The Committee instead proposes a steady 
funding stream to maintain near-term launch schedules for 
NASA's human exploration program and enable NASA to develop 
long-term life-cycle costs and schedules for using these 
capabilities for future exploration missions.
    Space Launch System.--The recommended level of 
$2,000,000,000, an increase of $817,600,000 above the 
discretionary request, for launch vehicle development includes 
no less than $250,000,000 for continued exploration upper stage 
(EUS) development and $47,500,000 for SLS program integration. 
Funds provided above the request are to ensure that the EM-1 
launch date does not slip beyond 2018 and to complete EUS for 
EM-2. The Committee notes that despite specific direction and 
funding in the Consolidated Appropriations Act, 2016, the 
request does not include funding for the EUS and its propulsion 
systems required for EM-2, the second flight of SLS/Orion 
planned for 2021. NASA shall provide the Committee with a 
report within 120 days of enactment of this Act describing 
investments to date on the EUS, a spend plan with milestones 
for the funds provided in fiscal year 2017 and funds necessary 
to complete EUS for use on EM-2 and to develop EUS for use on 
subsequent SLS launches. This report shall also include an 
analysis regarding the most efficient and cost effective means 
of manufacturing subsequent EUSs for use on future SLS flights. 
In addition, NASA shall continue submitting quarterly reports 
on SLS spending by major program element, as first required in 
the statement accompanying Public Law 112-55. To the maximum 
extent possible, NASA shall ensure that all vehicle development 
leverages existing investments; promotes efficiency through 
commonality of design and concurrent development; and minimizes 
the need for redesigns or other costly changes affecting future 
SLS vehicle configurations.
    Maximizing use of SLS.--The Committee reminds NASA that 
Public Law 114-113 directed NASA to submit long-term plans for 
maximizing the use of the SLS. NASA shall include the Europa 
Orbiter and Lander missions in this plan, as directed elsewhere 
in this report and accompanying bill. As part of this effort to 
develop a long-term plan to use SLS to the fullest extent 
possible, NASA shall make SLS available on a cost reimbursable 
basis for non-NASA payloads, as appropriate. To ensure that the 
significant investment in SLS is maximized, within one year of 
enactment of this Act, NASA shall also issue a Request for 
Information to determine what payloads might benefit commercial 
and educational providers, when space is available on an SLS 
flight beyond low Earth orbit.
    Orion.--The recommendation provides $1,350,000,000, which 
is $80,000,000 above the enacted level and $296,600,000 above 
the discretionary request, for the Orion program. NASA shall 
continue to provide quarterly briefings to the Committee on the 
overall status of Orion. The Committee remains concerned that 
NASA's current schedule does not provide adequate time to 
conduct in-situ tests and fully test all systems necessary to 
support humans on EM-1, prior to sending humans on Orion in EM-
2. NASA shall provide a report to the Committee, within 90 days 
of enactment, describing and documenting why this approach is 
acceptable. NASA shall keep the Committee informed of ongoing 
work with respect to the Orion Service Module. Nothing in this 
report or accompanying Act shall be construed as directing NASA 
to proceed with any human spaceflight until all of the risks 
have been retired.
    Integrated launch readiness.--The recommendation includes 
$47,500,000 as requested for SLS, Orion and ground system 
integration activities. These funds will address coordination 
issues among the three programs and ensure that they are 
progressing in tandem toward EM-1 and future missions. The 
Committee notes that it is still awaiting a comprehensive plan, 
with yearly budgets by component including various ground 
facilities and quarterly milestones, to achieve integrated 
launch readiness dates for EM-1 and EM-2. This report shall 
also provide an analysis of various capabilities that will be 
provided with 70, 105, and 130 metric ton capabilities, to 
include the yearly costs necessary to proceed with this 
incremental approach.
    Exploration Research and Development (R&D;).--The 
recommendation includes $404,000,000 for Exploration R&D.; The 
Committee urges NASA to continue its work with the private 
sector and academia to develop exploration capabilities such as 
advanced propulsion, habitats and landers that may be used with 
Orion and SLS and are necessary to enable space and human 
exploration to the Moon, Mars, and other deep space 
destinations.
    Next Space Technologies for Exploration Partnerships.--The 
recommendation includes no less than $75,000,000 under the 
Advanced Exploration Systems program for development of a 
demonstration habitation module. NASA shall provide periodic 
updates regarding the status and funding of this project to 
ensure timely completion.
    Lunar surface.--The Committee supports the development and 
launch of low-cost missions to explore and characterize the 
lunar surface and encourages NASA to work with commercial 
industry, academia, and international space agencies to better 
understand the subsurface lunar geology, particularly in-situ 
water resources, to support future robotic and astronaut 
operations. Not later than 180 days after the enactment of this 
Act, NASA shall submit a report detailing ongoing and planned 
lunar programs.

                            SPACE OPERATIONS

    The Committee recommends $4,890,300,000 for Space 
Operations.
    International Space Station (ISS) operations.--The 
Committee remains concerned about annual ISS operations costs 
and encourages NASA to implement cost savings measures with the 
goal of slowing and reducing the ISS operations budget while 
maximizing research opportunities. Given that NASA operations 
on the ISS are extended through only 2024, NASA is encouraged 
to begin efforts to determine what follow-on activities are 
necessary, within budget constraints, to maintain a U.S. human 
presence in space.
    NASA continues to allocate insufficient resources for space 
life and physical science research aboard the ISS. The 
Committee believes that this basic research performed on the 
ISS is an essential translational step for space exploration 
that also reduces uncertainty for research pathways that have 
potential high value life and physical science applications on 
Earth. Within amounts provided for ISS Research, NASA is 
encouraged to allocate no less than 15 percent of this amount 
for space life and physical science research and provide a 
report to the Committee on these matters no later than 180 days 
after enactment of this Act.
    Commercial Crew.--The Committee understands and is 
concerned that some fiscal year 2016 and 2017 project 
milestones have slipped. NASA shall continue submitting 
quarterly reports on the status of the Commercial Crew 
Integrated Capability and Commercial Crew Transportation 
Capability contracts and advise the Committee promptly if 
milestone slips will impact the planned 2017 uncrewed and 
crewed flights to the ISS. As part of the quarterly reporting 
requirements, NASA shall submit information describing the 
planned operations tempo of the Commercial Crew program, to 
include numbers of astronauts per flight and per provider; 
training needs, costs, and status of U.S. based training 
facilities; and a description of any Commercial Crew seats that 
will be allocated to foreign partners. NASA also shall provide 
an assessment by the second quarter of fiscal year 2017 on the 
cost and need to reserve flights on foreign partner capsules in 
tandem with the Commercial Crew program in 2018 and future 
years.
    Space and Flight Support.--Space and flight support 
includes $12,000,000, as requested, to modernize and upgrade 
both the Wallops Flight Facility (WFF) and Kennedy Space Center 
(KSC) launch and range complexes. The Committee supports 
maintaining launch sites serving the ISS at both the WFF and 
KSC to ensure uninterrupted domestic cargo access to the ISS.
    Commercial cargo.--NASA shall continue to provide quarterly 
updates on the Commercial Resupply Services (CRS) -1 contract 
and shall begin including data on CRS-2 contracts and 
associated milestones. These reports shall include information 
currently provided and shall now also include cost per flight, 
date of actual flight, and date when payments for each mission 
are made.
    Space shuttle closeout costs.--The Committee is aware that 
NASA continues to work with former space shuttle providers to 
close any remaining contracts. The Committee urges NASA and its 
partners to expeditiously close remaining items, in accordance 
with established accounting procedures, so as not to impact 
ongoing ISS activities. NASA shall keep the Committee informed 
of these activities.

                               EDUCATION

    The Committee recommends $115,000,000 for Education, which 
is the same as fiscal year 2016 and $14,900,000 above the 
request. The Committee is concerned that despite direction in 
Public Law 114-113, overhead costs remain excessive. To ensure 
that the program is operating efficiently with minimum 
overhead, NASA shall provide a report to the Committee within 
180 days of enactment that analyzes how funds have been spent 
over the last three fiscal years, to include 1) a list of 
cooperative agreements, Space Act Agreements, and grantees, 
including the amount and purpose of grant or funding 
allocation; and 2) a complete description, including amounts 
and purposes, of how remaining funds have been spent. This 
analysis shall also include a plan to ensure that no more than 
five percent overhead is charged within the Education account 
by fiscal year 2018.
    National Space Grant College and Fellowship Program.--The 
recommendation includes $40,000,000 for the Space Grant 
program, which is the same as fiscal year 2016. These funds 
shall be allocated to the consortia lead institutions in all 52 
participating jurisdictions according to the percentage 
allocation provided to States in the current five year grant 
award period.
    Experimental Program to Stimulate Competitive Research 
(EPSCoR).--The recommendation includes $18,000,000 for EPSCoR, 
which is the same as fiscal year 2016.
    STEM Education and Accountability Programs (SEAP).--NASA 
shall brief the Committee on the intended distribution of 
fiscal year 2017 SEAP resources to individual activities; how 
that distribution compares to the fiscal year 2016 
distribution; how that distribution supports the priorities 
contained in the government-wide STEM education strategic plan; 
and what partnerships NASA has formed through its various SEAP 
programs with Hispanic Serving Institutions and Historically 
Black Colleges and Universities.

                 SAFETY, SECURITY AND MISSION SERVICES

    The Committee recommends $2,835,400,000 for Safety, 
Security and Mission Services, which is $66,800,000 above 
fiscal year 2016 and $1,400,000 below the request.
    Security.--The Committee recognizes that proper security 
compliance at NASA requires effective and comprehensive 
policies, strong enforcement mechanisms, sustained leadership 
attention, and implementation of the foreign national access 
management (FNAM) recommendations from such organizations as 
the National Academy of Public Administration (NAPA), GAO, and 
the NASA IG. NAPA's March 2016 follow-up assessment report, 
Review of the NASA Response to the Academy's Report on Foreign 
National Access Management, found that NASA had taken some 
steps to address each of NAPA's 2014 recommendations and is on 
a path toward institutionalizing an integrated FNAM Program and 
incorporating its components into daily Center operations. 
However, the Committee is concerned that all of the previous 
recommendations have not been fully implemented. Therefore, 
NASA shall continue to submit quarterly reports and contract 
with an independent entity for an additional update on the 
agency's progress in implementing the needed corrective 
actions. The Committee expects that this update process will 
begin no later than 30 days after enactment of this Act with a 
subsequent report to be submitted no later than one year after 
enactment of this Act.
    Bilateral activities.--The recommendation includes modified 
bill language directing that the Federal Bureau of 
Investigation shall confirm or otherwise certify that NASA 
bilateral activities are in compliance with section 529 of this 
bill.
    Infrastructure revitalization plan.--The Committee 
recognizes that, according to various NASA IG and GAO reports, 
NASA facilities are aging and in need of significant repair, 
modification, and upgrades. Given ongoing budget constraints 
paired with an aggressive science and exploration agenda, NASA 
shall develop a multi-year investment plan that ensures NASA's 
infrastructure can support its various missions now and into 
the future. NASA shall integrate institutional, operational, 
maintenance, and facility requirements into a revitalization 
plan for review by the NASA Advisory Council, Institutional 
Committee. This agency-level revitalization plan shall identify 
areas of concern, gaps in the maintenance and capability of 
NASA infrastructure compared to requirements, and provide a 
sustainable multi-year plan and cost estimate to address these 
items. The results of the revitalization plan shall be 
submitted to the Committee within 18 months of enactment of 
this Act.
    Property disposal.--The Committee encourages NASA to avail 
itself of existing authority that authorizes NASA to ``. . . 
sell and otherwise dispose of real and personal property . . 
.'' in accordance with the provisions of chapters 1 to 11 of 
title 40 and in accordance with title III of the Federal 
Property and Administrative Services Act of 1949 (41 U.S.C. 251 
et seq.). NASA shall submit a report within 180 days of 
enactment describing its use of this authority for fiscal years 
2015 and 2016, and any intended uses during fiscal year 2017.
    Working Capital Fund (WCF) reporting.--NASA shall continue 
to submit quarterly reports to the Committee on the 
expenditures and unobligated balances of NASA's WCF.
    Independent Verification and Validation (IV&V;).--The 
recommendation includes no less than the fiscal year 2016 
operating level for the IV&V; program. If necessary, NASA shall 
fund any additional IV&V; activities from within the mission 
directorates that make use of IV&V; services.

       CONSTRUCTION AND ENVIRONMENTAL COMPLIANCE AND RESTORATION

    The Committee recommends $398,000,000 for Construction and 
Environmental Compliance and Restoration, which is $9,100,000 
above fiscal year 2016 and $21,800,000 below the request. 
Within amounts provided, NASA shall assess its existing 
infrastructure and ensure that appropriate facilities are 
available to support continued development and use of the 
supersonic low boom flight demonstrator. When taking remedial 
actions, NASA is encouraged to protect culturally significant 
Native American sites.

                      OFFICE OF INSPECTOR GENERAL

    The Committee recommends $38,100,000 for the Office of 
Inspector General, which is $700,000 above fiscal year 2016 and 
the same as the request.
    Export control.--The Committee understands that the NASA IG 
will issue a report regarding NASA's implementation of 
recommendations made by the GAO in its 2014 report, GAO-14-315, 
Export Controls: NASA Management Action and Improved Oversight 
Needed to Reduce the Risk of Unauthorized Access to Its 
Technologies. The Committee encourages the NASA IG to examine 
any access violations by foreign nationals and any unauthorized 
transfer of proprietary or sensitive information during fiscal 
years 2012 through fiscal year 2016 and provide a report on 
these matters within six months of enactment of this Act.

                       ADMINISTRATIVE PROVISIONS

                     (INCLUDING TRANSFERS OF FUNDS)

    The Committee has included the following administrative 
provisions for NASA:
    The bill includes a provision that makes funds for any 
announced prize available without fiscal year limitation until 
the prize is claimed or the offer is withdrawn.
    The bill includes a provision that establishes terms and 
conditions for the transfer of funds.
    The bill includes a provision that requires NASA to submit 
its agency spending plan at the activity level and subjects 
both the spending plan and specified changes to that plan to 
reprogramming procedures under section 505 of this Act.
    The bill includes a provision that allows the transfer of 
balances under a previous appropriations account structure to 
the current appropriations account structure.

                      National Science Foundation

    The Committee commends NSF and its academic partners for 
the September, 2015 detection of gravitational waves using the 
twin Laser Interferometer Gravitational-wave Observatory (LIGO) 
detectors. The Committee believes that infrastructure 
investments such as these result in expanding our understanding 
of the universe and inspiring students to pursue careers in the 
sciences. The Committee is mindful of the need to balance these 
investments with the need to ensure that research funds are 
available and ample so that scientists can study and exploit 
data derived from such large infrastructure projects. The 
Committee recognizes that current and future large scientific 
facilities represent an enormous investment of Federal 
resources that must be administered wisely. Toward that end, 
NSF shall provide periodic updates to the Committee with 
respect to its implementation of recommendations from the NAPA 
report, National Science Foundation: Use of Cooperative 
Agreements to Support Large Scale Investment in Research which 
included a review NSF's use of cooperative agreements to 
support the development, construction, commissioning, and 
future operations of state-of-the-art, large-scale research 
facilities. Further, within amounts provided, NSF shall 
allocate sufficient support to its existing national research 
assets, including the astronomy assets, the current academic 
research fleet including global class vessels with unique 
seismic capabilities, Federally funded research and development 
centers, and the national high performance computing centers, 
so they may provide the support needed for cutting edge 
research. With respect to the academic fleet, NSF shall provide 
the Committee, coincident with the fiscal year 2018 budget 
request, a five year schedule for the deployment of the 
academic fleet that maximizes research opportunities in a cost 
effective and transparent manner.
    Independent Review.--GAO shall review programs funded 
within the Major Research Equipment and Facilities Construction 
(MREFC) account and provide analysis to the Committee similar 
to that which the Committee receives from GAO on NASA's large-
scale acquisition and construction projects. The Committee 
believes that this additional independent analysis will help 
identify potential technical risks and cost overruns over the 
construction life of projects so that these important 
scientific missions remain on schedule and on budget. NSF is 
directed to cooperate fully and to provide timely program 
analysis, evaluation data, and other relevant information to 
GAO so that it may report to Congress shortly after the annual 
budget submission of the President and semiannually thereafter 
on the status of large-scale NSF programs, projects, and 
activities based on its review of this information. The 
Committee notes that NSF has a no-cost overrun policy and 
expects GAO's analysis to explain how NSF intends to implement 
this policy should it be triggered.

                    RESEARCH AND RELATED ACTIVITIES

    The Committee recommends $6,079,430,000 for Research and 
Related Activities, which is an increase of $45,785,000 above 
fiscal year 2016 and the same as the request.
    Peer review.--The Committee has long been supportive of 
NSF's peer review process to identify and recommend funding for 
scientifically meritorious research. NSF's ability to fund 
cutting-edge research helps keep the United States at the 
forefront of research across all scientific disciplines, which 
in turn builds the technological capabilities that underpin 
economic growth and prosperity.
    Abstracts.--The Committee directs NSF to continue its 
efforts to ensure that award abstracts clearly explain in plain 
English the intent of the project and how the project meets 
both the intellectual merit and the broader impact review 
criterion. Improving the peer review process and project 
abstracts are critical to protecting NSF's stellar scientific 
integrity. The abstracts serve as a public justification for 
NSF funding decisions by articulating how the project serves 
the national interest, consistent with the Foundation's mission 
as established in the National Science Foundation Act of 1950 
(42 U.S.C. 1861 et seq). The Committee believes that abstracts 
should explain how a project increases economic competitiveness 
in the United States; advances the health and welfare of the 
American public; develops an American STEM workforce, including 
computer science and information technology sectors, that are 
globally competitive; increases public scientific literacy and 
public engagement with science and technology in the United 
States; increases partnerships between academia and industry in 
the United States; supports the national defense of the United 
States; or promotes the progress of science for the United 
States.
    Experimental Program to Stimulate Competitive Research 
(EPSCoR).--Within amounts provided, $170,690,000 is for EPSCoR.
    Neuroscience.--Within amounts provided, $146,930,000 is for 
NSF's contributions to the Brain Research through Advancing 
Innovative Neurotechnologies (BRAIN) initiative.
    Astronomical Sciences Portfolio Review.--The Committee 
recognizes that the continued operation of the NSF network of 
astronomical observatories is a strategic asset to the nation, 
and that each observatory serves a specific need in 
Astronomical Sciences. These observatories were created with 
strong Federal investments and the observatories shall remain 
under NSF operation where possible. NSF shall not implement any 
final divestment of infrastructure tied to the findings of its 
2012 Astronomical Sciences Portfolio Review without first 
reporting such actions to the Committee. Further, any such 
actions shall be carried out in accordance with relevant 
reprogramming requirements. The Committee is aware that NSF is 
working cooperatively with academic and private sector partners 
to develop plans to share future operations and maintenance 
costs of some aging but still scientifically productive 
facilities. NSF shall keep the Committee informed of these 
activities.
    High-performance computing.--The Committee urges NSF to 
continue its commitment to modernizing its world-class big data 
and high-performance computing resources, which support all 
areas of scientific research and education, including the most 
demanding scientific challenges. NSF shall brief the Committee 
periodically on its efforts to incorporate the recommendations 
from the National Academy of Sciences report, Future Directions 
for NSF Advanced Computing Infrastructure to Support U.S. 
Science and Engineering in 2017-2020.
    International Ocean Drilling Program (IODP).--The 
recommendation provides $48,000,000, as requested, for the 
IODP. The Committee notes that in addition to this funding, the 
IODP program derives funding from international and/or industry 
partners to maximize operation time on the JOIDES Resolution 
ocean drilling research vessel. The Committee supports moving 
towards the goal of operating five research missions a year.

          MAJOR RESEARCH EQUIPMENT AND FACILITIES CONSTRUCTION

    The Committee recommends $87,120,000 for Major Research 
Equipment and Facilities Construction, which is $113,190,000 
below fiscal year 2016 and $106,000,000 below the request.
    Large Synoptic Survey Telescope (LSST).--The recommendation 
includes $67,120,000, the requested amount, for the LSST. The 
LSST, which was ranked as the top large ground-based astronomy 
project by the National Research Council 2010 Decadal Survey, 
will produce the deepest, widest-field sky image ever, and 
issue alerts for moving and transient objects within 60 seconds 
of discovery. NSF shall provide quarterly briefings to the 
Committee on the status of this project, to include updates on 
addressing the issues identified by the NSF IG.
    Daniel K. Inouye Solar Telescope (DKIST).--NSF shall 
provide quarterly briefings to the Committee on the status of 
DKIST, to include updates on addressing the issues identified 
by the NSF IG.
    Antarctic program.--The recommendation fully funds the 
requested amounts for the Antarctic Infrastructure 
Modernization for Science program which builds on 
recommendations for increased efficiencies included in the U.S. 
Antarctic Program Blue Ribbon Panel report, More and Better 
Science in Antarctica through Increased Logistical 
Effectiveness.

                     EDUCATION AND HUMAN RESOURCES

    The Committee recommends $880,000,000 for Education and 
Human Resources (EHR), which is the same as fiscal year 2016 
and $18,870,000 below the request.
    Dyslexia.--NSF shall fully implement section 4 of the 
Research Excellence and Advancements for Dyslexia Act exactly 
as enacted in Public Law 114-124.
    Advanced Technological Education (ATE).--The recommendation 
provides no less than the fiscal year 2016 level for the ATE 
program.
    Broadening participation programs.--To broaden the 
participation of underrepresented populations in STEM education 
programs and, ultimately, the STEM workforce, the 
recommendation provides no less than $35,000,000 for the 
Historically Black Colleges and Universities Undergraduate 
Program; $46,000,000 for the Louis Stokes Alliance for Minority 
Participation; and $14,000,000 for the Tribal Colleges and 
Universities Program. In addition, over the past several years, 
this Committee has asked NSF to consider creating a program 
within EHR to focus on Hispanic Serving Institutions (HSIs). 
Such a program was authorized in the America COMPETES Act of 
2010. The Committee directs NSF to establish an HSI-specific 
program no later than 120 days after enactment of this Act and 
demonstrate a $30,000,000 investment no later than September 
30, 2017.
    Innovation Corps.--The recommendation includes $35,000,000 
for the NSF Innovation Corps program. The $5,000,000 increase 
above the request will allow the NSF to provide additional 
funding for new and existing I-Corps Teams, Sites, and Nodes to 
enable greater participation nationally.
    Cybersecurity Research.--The Committee encourages NSF to 
form partnerships with Hispanic Serving Institutions and 
Historically Black Colleges and Universities and to report to 
the Committee on these matters within 180 days of enactment of 
this Act.

                 AGENCY OPERATIONS AND AWARD MANAGEMENT

    The Committee recommends $340,000,000 for Agency Operations 
and Award Management, which is $10,000,000 above fiscal year 
2016 and $33,020,000 below the request.
    Headquarters.--NSF shall keep the Committee informed 
regarding the status of transitioning to the new headquarters 
building.

                  OFFICE OF THE NATIONAL SCIENCE BOARD

    The Committee recommends $4,380,000 for the National 
Science Board, which is $10,000 more than fiscal year 2016 and 
the same as the request.

                      OFFICE OF INSPECTOR GENERAL

    The Committee recommends $15,200,000 for the Office of 
Inspector General, which is $40,000 above fiscal year 2016 and 
the same as the request.
    Management challenges.--The IG shall brief the Committee on 
a quarterly basis regarding NSF's progress in addressing issues 
raised in various IG reports and alert memos.

                        ADMINISTRATIVE PROVISION

                     (INCLUDING TRANSFER OF FUNDS)

    The bill includes a provision that establishes thresholds 
for the transfer of funds.

                                TITLE IV


                            RELATED AGENCIES


                       Commission on Civil Rights


                         SALARIES AND EXPENSES

    The Committee recommends $9,200,000 for the Commission on 
Civil Rights, which is the same as fiscal year 2016 and 
$230,000 below the request.
    Prioritization of statutory enforcement report subject 
matter.--When choosing the subject matter for future statutory 
enforcement reports, the Committee believes the Commission 
should focus on crucial and urgent civil rights concerns.

                Equal Employment Opportunity Commission


                         SALARIES AND EXPENSES

    The Committee recommends $364,500,000 for the Equal 
Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC), which is the same as 
fiscal year 2016 and $12,146,000 below the request.
    Backlog reduction.--The Committee expects the EEOC to 
prioritize inventory reduction rather than allocate resources 
for systematic changes in which no complaint was filed by an 
actual/former employee or applicant. EEOC shall provide an 
annual report on the backlog, to include data on the number and 
pendency of charges, on any changes to EEOC's priority charge 
handling procedures, and the effect of such changes on 
inventory reduction.
    Conciliation.--The Committee is concerned with the EEOC's 
pursuit of litigation absent good faith conciliation efforts. 
The Committee directs the EEOC to engage in such efforts before 
undertaking litigation.
    State and Local Enforcement Assistance.--The Committee 
recommends up to $29,500,000 to assist State and local 
enforcement agencies. The Committee continues to believe that 
none of these funds should be used for tester programs.

                     International Trade Commission


                         SALARIES AND EXPENSES

    The Committee recommends $90,000,000 for the International 
Trade Commission (ITC), which is $1,500,000 above fiscal year 
2016 and $2,866,000 below the request.
    Cybersecurity.--ITC handles sensitive and proprietary data 
and therefore is a potential target for cyber attacks. The 
Committee expects ITC to prioritize efforts to improve its 
cybersecurity posture. The Committee also encourages ITC to 
work with other relevant Federal agencies to inform its 
actions.

                       Legal Services Corporation


               PAYMENT TO THE LEGAL SERVICES CORPORATION

    The Committee recommends $350,000,000 for the Legal 
Services Corporation (LSC), which is $35,000,000 below fiscal 
year 2016 and $125,000,000 below the request.

          ADMINISTRATIVE PROVISION--LEGAL SERVICES CORPORATION

    The bill continues restrictions on the uses of LSC funding. 
None of the funds appropriated in this Act to the LSC shall be 
expended for any purpose prohibited or limited by, or contrary 
to any of the provisions of, sections 501, 502, 503, 504, 505, 
and 506 of Public Law 105-119, and all funds appropriated in 
this Act to the LSC shall be subject to the same terms and 
conditions set forth in such sections, except that all 
references in sections 502 and 503 to 1997 and 1998 shall be 
deemed to refer instead to 2016 and 2017, respectively.
    Unauthorized uses of funds.--The Inspector General (IG) of 
the LSC is encouraged to conduct annual audits of LSC grantees 
to ensure that funds are not used in contravention of the 
restrictions on engaging in political activities, representing 
illegal immigrants, or any of the other restrictions by which 
LSC grantees are required to abide. The Committee recommends 
the removal of funds from any LSC grantee determined by the IG 
to have engaged in unauthorized activity.

                        Marine Mammal Commission


                         SALARIES AND EXPENSES

    The Committee recommends $3,431,000 for the Marine Mammal 
Commission, which is the same as fiscal year 2016 and the 
request.

            Office of the United States Trade Representative

    The Committee recommends $65,000,000 for the Office of the 
U.S. Trade Representative (USTR), which is $10,500,000 above 
fiscal year 2016 and $5,624,000 above the request.

                         SALARIES AND EXPENSES

    The Committee recommends $50,000,000 for the salaries and 
expenses of USTR, which is $4,500,000 below fiscal year 2016 
and $9,376,000 below the request.
    China.--The Committee expects that USTR will coordinate and 
implement a comprehensive and vigorous strategy to address the 
United States' trade imbalance with China. Within the amounts 
provided, the USTR is encouraged to maintain staff who can 
translate trade documents that USTR receives from China. The 
Committee believes that USTR should have its own translators on 
staff given the challenges associated with enforcing existing 
U.S. trade laws with China.
    Free trade agreements.--The Committee directs USTR to 
continue to pursue free trade agreements with additional 
countries and trading blocs to continue advancing trade to and 
from the United States.

                      TRADE ENFORCEMENT TRUST FUND

                     (INCLUDING TRANSFER OF FUNDS)

    The Committee recommends $15,000,000, which is to be 
derived from the Trade Enforcement Trust Fund, for trade 
enforcement activities authorized by the Trade Facilitation and 
Trade Enforcement Act of 2015. No funds were requested from 
this Fund.

                        State Justice Institute


                         SALARIES AND EXPENSES

    The Committee recommends $5,121,000 for the State Justice 
Institute, which is the same as fiscal year 2016 and the 
request.

                                TITLE V


                           GENERAL PROVISIONS


                     (INCLUDING TRANSFER OF FUNDS)

                        (INCLUDING RESCISSIONS)

    Section 501 prohibits the use of funds for publicity or 
propaganda purposes unless expressly authorized by law.
    Section 502 prohibits any appropriation contained in this 
Act from remaining available for obligation beyond the current 
fiscal year unless expressly authorized.
    Section 503 provides that the expenditure of any 
appropriation contained in this Act for any consulting service 
through procurement contracts shall be limited to those 
contracts where such expenditures are a matter of public record 
and available for public inspection, except where otherwise 
provided under existing law or under existing Executive order 
issued pursuant to existing law.
    Section 504 provides that if any provision of this Act or 
the application of such provision to any person or circumstance 
shall be held invalid, the remainder of the Act and the 
application of other provisions shall not be affected.
    Section 505 prohibits a reprogramming of funds that: (1) 
creates or initiates a new program, project, or activity; (2) 
eliminates a program, project, or activity; (3) increases funds 
or personnel by any means for any project or activity for which 
funds have been denied or restricted; (4) relocates an office 
or employees; (5) reorganizes or renames offices, programs, or 
activities; (6) contracts out or privatizes any function or 
activity presently performed by Federal employees; (7) augments 
funds for existing programs, projects, or activities in excess 
of $500,000 or 10 percent, whichever is less, or reduces by 10 
percent funding for any program, project, or activity, or 
numbers of personnel by 10 percent; or (8) results from any 
general savings, including savings from a reduction in 
personnel, which would result in a change in existing programs, 
activities, or projects as approved by Congress, unless the 
House and Senate Committees on Appropriations are notified 15 
days in advance of such reprogramming of funds.
    Section 506 provides that if it is determined that any 
person intentionally affixes a ``Made in America'' label to any 
product that was not made in America that person shall not be 
eligible to receive any contract or subcontract made with funds 
made available in this Act. The section further provides that 
to the extent practicable, with respect to purchases of 
promotional items, funds made available under this Act shall be 
used to purchase items manufactured, produced, or assembled in 
the United States or its territories or possessions.
    Section 507 requires quarterly reporting to Congress on the 
status of balances of appropriations.
    Section 508 provides that any costs incurred by a 
department or agency funded under this Act resulting from, or 
to prevent, personnel actions taken in response to funding 
reductions in this Act, or, for the Department of Commerce, 
from actions taken for the care and protection of loan 
collateral or grant property, shall be absorbed within the 
budgetary resources available to the department or agency, and 
provides transfer authority between appropriation accounts to 
carry out this provision, subject to reprogramming procedures.
    Section 509 prohibits funds made available in this Act from 
being used to promote the sale or export of tobacco or tobacco 
products or to seek the reduction or removal of foreign 
restrictions on the marketing of tobacco products, except for 
restrictions which are not applied equally to all tobacco or 
tobacco products of the same type. This provision is not 
intended to impact routine international trade services to all 
U.S. citizens, including the processing of applications to 
establish foreign trade zones.
    Section 510 limits the obligation of receipts deposited 
into the Crime Victims Fund to $2,737,000,000 during fiscal 
year 2017. This language is continued to ensure that a stable 
level of funds will remain available for the program, despite 
inconsistent levels of fines deposited annually into the Fund. 
The language also provides for a tribal set-aside.
    Section 511 prohibits the use of Department of Justice 
funds for programs that discriminate against or denigrate the 
religious or moral beliefs of students participating in such 
programs. This provision was requested by the President and has 
been included in the bill since 1999.
    Section 512 prohibits the transfer of funds made available 
in this Act to any department, agency or instrumentality of the 
United States Government, except for transfers made by, or 
pursuant to authorities provided in, this Act or any other 
appropriations Act.
    Section 513 provides that funds provided in this Act for E 
Government Initiatives shall be subject to the procedures set 
forth in section 505 of this Act.
    Section 514 prohibits funds for acquisition of certain 
information systems unless the acquiring department or agency 
has reviewed and assessed certain risks. Any acquisition of 
such an information system is contingent upon the development 
of a risk mitigation strategy and a determination that the 
acquisition is in the national interest. Each department or 
agency covered by this section shall consult with the Federal 
Bureau of Investigation (FBI) and other relevant agencies when 
reviewing supply chain risks and making a determination that 
the acquisition is in the national interest. Each department or 
agency covered by this section is directed to ensure it is 
following the criteria established by the FBI and the National 
Institute of Standards and Technology when acquiring or 
renewing certain information systems. Each department or agency 
covered under this section shall submit a quarterly report to 
the Committees on Appropriations of the House and Senate 
describing reviews and assessments of risk made pursuant to 
this section and any associated findings or determinations.
    Section 515 prohibits the use of funds made available in 
this Act to support or justify the use of torture by any 
official or contract employee of the United States Government.
    Section 516 permanently prohibits the use of funds to 
require certain export licenses.
    Section 517 permanently prohibits the use of funds to deny 
certain import applications regarding ``curios or relics''' 
firearms, parts, or ammunition.
    Section 518 prohibits the use of funds made available in 
this Act to include certain language in trade agreements.
    Section 519 prohibits the use of funds made available in 
this Act to authorize or issue a national security letter (NSL) 
in contravention of certain laws authorizing the Federal Bureau 
of Investigation to issue NSLs.
    Section 520 requires congressional notification regarding 
any project within the Departments of Commerce or Justice, the 
National Science Foundation or the National Aeronautics and 
Space Administration totaling more than $75,000,000 that has 
cost increases of 10 percent or more.
    Section 521 deems funds for intelligence or intelligence 
related activities as authorized by Congress during fiscal year 
2017 until the enactment of the Intelligence Authorization Act 
for fiscal year 2017.
    Section 522 prohibits contracts or grant awards in excess 
of $5,000,000 unless the prospective contractor or grantee 
certifies that the organization has filed all Federal tax 
returns, has not been convicted of a criminal offense under the 
Internal Revenue Code of 1986, and has no unpaid Federal tax 
assessment.

                             (RESCISSIONS)

    Section 523 provides for rescissions of unobligated 
balances from the Department of Justice.
    Section 524 prohibits the use of funds made available in 
this Act for the purchase of first class or premium air travel 
in contravention of certain Federal travel regulations.
    Section 525 prohibits the use of funds made available in 
this Act to pay for the attendance of more than 50 department 
or agency employees, who are stationed in the United States, at 
any single conference outside the United States, unless the 
conference is a law enforcement training or operational event 
where the majority of Federal attendees are law enforcement 
personnel stationed outside the United States.
    Section 526 prohibits the use of funds in this or any other 
Act for the transfer or release of certain individuals detained 
at United States Naval Station, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, to or 
within the United States, its territories, or possessions.
    Section 527 prohibits the use of funds in this or any other 
Act to construct, acquire, or modify any facility in the United 
States, its territories, or possessions to house certain 
individuals who, as of June 24, 2009, were located at United 
States Naval Station, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, for the purposes of 
detention or imprisonment in the custody or control of the 
Department of Defense.
    Section 528 requires tracking and reporting of undisbursed 
balances in expired grant accounts.
    Section 529 prohibits the use of funds made available in 
this Act by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration 
(NASA) or the Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP) to 
engage in bilateral activities with China or a Chinese-owned 
company unless the activities are authorized by subsequent 
legislation or NASA or OSTP and the Federal Bureau of 
Investigation have made a certification pursuant to subsections 
(c) and (d) of this section.
    Section 530 permanently prohibits funds from being used to 
deny the importation of shotgun models if no application for 
the importation of such models, in the same configuration, had 
been denied prior to January 1, 2011, on the basis that the 
shotgun was not particularly suitable for or readily adaptable 
to sporting purposes.
    Section 531 prohibits the use of funds made available in 
this Act to establish or maintain a computer network that does 
not block pornography, except for law enforcement or victim 
assistance purposes.
    Section 532 requires each department and agency funded in 
the bill to submit spending plans.
    Section 533 prohibits funds made available by this Act to 
implement the Arms Trade Treaty until the Senate approves a 
resolution of ratification.
    Section 534 prohibits the use of funds to relinquish the 
responsibility of the National Telecommunications and 
Information Administration with respect to Internet domain name 
system functions.
    Section 535 prohibits funds to deny an Inspector General 
funded under this Act with timely access to records, documents, 
or other materials.
    Section 536 requires a quarterly report from the Department 
of Commerce, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, 
and the National Science Foundation on official travel to 
China.
    Section 537 prohibits funds to facilitate, permit, license, 
or promote certain exports to Cuba. This section does not apply 
to exports permitted under the Trade Sanctions Reform and 
Export Enhancement Act of 2000.
    Section 538 prohibits funds to approve the registration, 
renewal, or maintenance of the registration of a mark, trade 
mark, trade name, or commercial name when the mark, trade mark, 
trade name, or commericial name was unlawfully confiscated in 
Cuba.
    Section 539 prohibits funds to enter into a civil 
settlement agreement on behalf of the United States that 
includes certain donations.
    Section 540 prohibits funds from being used to require a 
person licensed under section 923 of title 18, United States 
Code, to report information to the Department of Justice 
regarding the sale of multiple rifles or shotguns to the same 
person.
    Section 541 requires the establishment of nonnative 
predator fish research and removal pilot programs.
    Section 542 expands conservation fish hatcheries to 
enhance, supplement, and rebuild endangered species.
    Section 543 prohibits funds for Operation Choke Point.
    Section 544 requires not less than 10 percent of the funds 
provided for certain programs be provided to persistent poverty 
counties.
    Section 545 prohibits funds for the Equal Employment 
Opportunity Commission for collection of information as set 
forth in the notice published on February 1, 2016.
    Section 546 allows States, in civil actions, to obtain all 
appropriate relief against any party under the Constitution and 
to require that courts promptly hear and determine any such 
civil action and afford the State any necessary preliminary 
relief.

                       SPENDING REDUCTION ACCOUNT

    Section 547 establishes a Spending Reduction Account.

            HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES REPORTING REQUIREMENTS

    The following materials are submitted in accordance with 
various requirements of the Rules of the House of 
Representatives:

                          Full Committee Votes

[GRAPHIC(S) NOT AVAILABLE IN TIFF FORMAT]

         Statement of General Performance Goals and Objectives

    Pursuant to clause 3(c)(4) of rule XIII of the Rules of the 
House of Representatives, the following is a statement of 
general performance goals and objectives for which this measure 
authorizes funding: The Committee on Appropriations considers 
program performance, including a program's success in 
developing and attaining outcome-related goals and objectives, 
in developing funding recommendations.

                          Rescission of Funds

    Pursuant to clause 3(f)(2) of rule XIII of the Rules of the 
House of Representatives, the following table is submitted 
describing the rescissions recommended in the accompanying 
bill:

 
 
 
Department of Justice
    Working Capital Fund..............................      $300,000,000
    Legal Activities, Assets Forfeiture Fund..........       304,000,000
    Drug Enforcement Administration...................         6,192,000
    Federal Bureau of Investigation, Fees.............       140,000,000
    Federal Bureau of Investigation, Salaries and             51,600,000
     Expenses.........................................
    U.S. Marshals Service, Federal Prisoner Detention.        24,000,000
    State and Local Law Enforcement Assistance
        Office on Violence Against Women, Violence            15,000,000
         Against Women Prevention and Prosecution
         Programs.....................................
        Office of Justice Programs....................        40,000,000
        Community Oriented Policing Services..........        10,000,000
 

                           Transfers of Funds

    Pursuant to clause 3(f)(2) of rule XIII of the Rules of the 
House of Representatives, the following is submitted describing 
the transfers of funds provided in the accompanying bill:
    In title I, under Bureau of the Census, Periodic Censuses 
and Programs, language is included to transfer funds to the 
Department of Commerce, Office of Inspector General.
    Under U.S. Patent and Trademark Office, Salaries and 
Expenses, language is included to transfer funds to the Civil 
Service Retirement and Disability Fund, the Federal Employees 
Health Benefit Fund, the Federal Employees Group Life Insurance 
Fund, and the Department of Commerce, Office of Inspector 
General.
    Under National Institute of Standards and Technology, 
Scientific and Technical Research and Services, language is 
included allowing for transfers to the Working Capital Fund.
    Under National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, 
Operations, Research, and Facilities, language is included to 
transfer funds from the Promote and Develop Fishery Products 
and Research Pertaining to American Fisheries fund.
    Under National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, 
Procurement, Acquisition, and Construction, language is 
included to transfer funds to the Department of Commerce, 
Office of the Inspector General.
    Under Rennovation and Modernization, language is included 
allowing for the transfer of funds.
    Section 103 provides for the transfer of funds between 
Department of Commerce appropriations in certain circumstances.
    In title II, General Administration, Justice Information 
Sharing Technology, language is included allowing for the 
transfer of funds.
    Under General Administration, Executive Office for 
Immigration Review, language is included to transfer funds to 
the Executive Office for Immigration Review from fees deposited 
in the Immigration Examinations Fee account.
    Under Legal Activities, Salaries and Expenses, Community 
Relations Service, language is included allowing for the 
transfer of funds in certain circumstances.
    Under United States Marshals Service, Federal Prisoner 
Detention, language is included transferring available 
unobligated balances from General Administration, Detention 
Trustee to this account.
    Under National Security Division, Salaries and Expenses, 
language is included allowing for the transfer of funds in 
certain circumstances.
    Under Federal Prison System, Salaries and Expenses, 
language is included to allow the transfer of funds to the 
Department of Health and Human Services.
    Under State and Local Law Enforcement Activities, Office on 
Violence Against Women, Violence Against Women Prevention and 
Prosecution Programs, language is included to allow the 
transfer of funds in certain circumstances.
    Under State and Local Law Enforcement Activities, Public 
Safety Officer Benefits, language is included to allow the 
transfer of funds in certain circumstances.
    Under State and Local Law Enforcement Activities, Community 
Oriented Policing Services, Community Oriented Policing 
Services Programs, language is included to allow the transfer 
of funds to the Drug Enforcement Administration.
    Section 205 provides language for the transfer of funds 
between Department of Justice appropriations in certain 
circumstances.
    Section 212 provides language for the transfer of funds 
between certain grant funds and the National Institute of 
Justice and the Bureau of Justice Statistics.
    In title III, under National Aeronautics and Space 
Administration, Administrative Provisions, language is included 
providing for the transfer of funds among appropriations in 
certain circumstances.
    Under National Aeronautics and Space Administration, 
Administrative Provisions, language is included to allow 
unexpired balances of an old account to be transferred to a 
different account funding the same activities.
    Under National Science Foundation, Administrative 
Provisions, language is included providing for the transfer of 
funds among appropriations in certain circumstances.
    Under United States Trade Representative, Trade Enforcement 
Trust Fund, language is included providing for the transfer of 
funds.
    Under General Provisions, Section 508 provides for the 
transfer of funds in certain circumstances.

   Disclosure of Earmarks and Congressionally Directed Spending Items

    Neither the bill nor the report contains any Congressional 
earmarks, limited tax benefits, or limited tariff benefits as 
defined in clause 9 of rule XXI of the Rules of the House of 
Representatives.

          Compliance With Rule XIII, CL. 3(e) (Ramseyer Rule)

    In compliance with clause 3(e) of rule XIII of the Rules of 
the House of Representatives, the Committee notes that the 
accompanying bill does not propose to repeal or amend a statute 
or part thereof.

               Changes in the Application of Existing Law

    Pursuant to clause 3(f)(1)(A) of rule XIII of the Rules of 
the House of Representatives, the following statements are 
submitted describing the effect of provisions in the 
accompanying bill which directly or indirectly change the 
application of existing law.
    Language is included for a number of accounts placing 
limitations on representation and reception allowances in order 
to reduce the amount of money that would otherwise be spent on 
these activities. The bill also provides that a number of 
appropriations shall remain available for obligation beyond the 
current fiscal year. While these provisions are not 
specifically authorized for all of the items, it is deemed 
desirable to include such language for certain programs in 
order to provide for orderly administration and effective use 
of funds.
    In title I, Department of Commerce, under International 
Trade Administration, Operations and Administration, language 
is included providing that funds may be used for engaging in 
trade promotion activities abroad, including expenses of grants 
and cooperative agreements, for the purposes of promoting 
exports of U.S. firms. Language is also provided allowing for 
full medical coverage for dependent members of immediate 
families of employees stationed overseas and employees 
temporarily posted overseas; travel and transportation of 
employees of the International Trade Administration; employment 
of Americans and aliens by contract for services; rental of 
space abroad and expenses of alteration, repair, or 
improvement; purchase or construction of temporary demountable 
exhibition structures for use abroad; and payment of tort 
claims. In addition, language is included regarding official 
representation expenses abroad, purchase of passenger motor 
vehicles for official use abroad, obtaining insurance on 
official motor vehicles, and rental of tie lines. Language is 
also recommended deriving a portion of available funds from 
fees. Furthermore, language is included designating funding for 
China antidumping and countervailing duty enforcement and 
compliance activities. Moreover, language is included providing 
for two-year availability of funds. Finally, language is 
included regarding the contributions under the Mutual 
Educational and Cultural Exchange Act of 1961.
    Under Bureau of Industry and Security, Operations and 
Administration, the language provides for no-year availability 
of funds. Language is included regarding the costs associated 
with the performance of export administration field activities 
both domestically and abroad; full medical coverage for 
dependent members of immediate families of employees stationed 
overseas; employment of Americans and aliens by contract for 
services abroad; payment of tort claims; official 
representation expenses abroad; awards of compensation to 
informers; and purchase of passenger motor vehicles for 
official use and motor vehicles for law enforcement use without 
regard to any price limitation established by law. In addition, 
language is included regarding the Mutual Educational and 
Cultural Exchange Act of 1961. Finally, language is recommended 
providing that payments and contributions collected and 
accepted for materials or services may be retained for use in 
covering the cost of those activities and other communications.
    Under Economic Development Administration, Economic 
Development Assistance Programs, the language provides for no-
year availability of funds. Language is also included regarding 
section 27 of the Stevenson-Wydler Technology Innovation Act.
    Also, under Salaries and Expenses, language is included 
regarding the monitoring of approved projects.
    Under Minority Business Development Agency, Minority 
Business Development, language is included making funds 
available for fostering, promoting, and developing minority 
business enterprises, including expenses of grants, contracts 
and other agreements.
    Under Economic and Statistical Analysis, Salaries and 
Expenses, language is included providing for two-year 
availability of funds.
    Under Bureau of the Census, Current Surveys and Programs, 
language is included providing that funds may be used for 
collecting, compiling, analyzing, preparing and publishing 
statistics and for promotion, outreach and marketing 
activities. Language is also included requiring the collection 
of certain data in a certain survey.
    Also, under Periodic Censuses and Programs, language is 
included providing two-year availability of funds. Language is 
also included providing that funds may be used for collecting, 
compiling, analyzing, preparing and publishing statistics and 
for promotion, outreach and marketing activities. In addition, 
language is included providing for a transfer to the ``Office 
of Inspector General'' account for activities associated with 
carrying out investigations and audits related to the Bureau of 
the Census. Finally, language is included withholding funds for 
certain Census information technology projects until the Bureau 
submits an expenditure plan.
    Under National Telecommunications and Information 
Administration, Salaries and Expenses, language is included 
providing for two-year availability of funds. Language is also 
included permitting the Secretary of Commerce to charge Federal 
agencies for costs in spectrum management, analysis, 
operations, and related services; and to use such collections 
in telecommunications research. The language also allows the 
Secretary to retain and use as offsetting collections all funds 
transferred, or previously transferred for telecommunications 
research, engineering and activities by the Institute for 
Telecommunication Sciences of NTIA. Finally, language is 
included providing that funds so transferred shall remain 
available until expended.
    Also, under Public Telecommunications Facilities, Planning 
and Construction, language is included allowing recoveries and 
unobligated balances of funds previously appropriated to be 
available for the administration of all open grants until their 
expiration.
    Under United States Patent and Trademark Office, Salaries 
and Expenses, language is included providing that appropriated 
funds be reduced as offsetting collections are assessed and 
collected. Language is including making funds available until 
expended and providing that funds received in excess of 
appropriations be deposited in a Patent and Trademark Fee 
Reserve fund, to be available until expended pursuant to the 
Director submitting a spending plan subject to section 505 of 
this Act, after which the funds shall be transferred to the 
Salaries and Expenses account. In addition, language is 
included limiting representation expenses. Language is also 
included regarding basic pay and certain retirement benefits. 
Additional language is included regarding USPTO's financial 
statements. Furthermore, language is included providing that 
fees and surcharges charged are available to USPTO pursuant to 
section 42(c) of title 35, United States Code. Finally, the 
language provides that an amount be transferred to the Office 
of Inspector General (OIG).
    Under National Institute of Standards and Technology, 
Scientific and Technical Research and Services, language is 
included providing for no-year availability of funds. In 
addition, language is included allowing transfers to the 
working capital fund. Language is included limiting funds for 
official reception and representation expenses. Finally, 
language is included allowing NIST to provide local 
transportation for a certain fellowship program.
    Also, under Industrial Technology Services, language is 
included providing no-year availability of funds. The language 
also designates an amount for the Manufacturing Extension 
Partnership and the National Network for Manufacturing 
Innovation.
    In addition, under Construction of Research Facilities, 
language is included providing for no-year availability of 
funds. Language is also included regarding the submission of 
certain materials in support of construction budget requests.
    Under National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, 
Operations, Research, and Facilities, language is included 
allowing for two-year availability for funds, except for 
cooperative enforcement funds, which are available for three 
years. Language is also included allowing maintenance, 
operation, and hire of aircraft and vessels; grants, contracts, 
or other payments to nonprofit organizations for the purposes 
of conducting activities pursuant to cooperative agreements; 
and relocation of facilities. Language is included allowing 
fees and donations received by a particular office to be 
retained and used for expenses related to certain activities. 
In addition, language is included that provides that certain 
funds be derived from various sources and restricting their use 
to certain activities. Furthermore, language is included 
limiting the amount of funds that can be provided for corporate 
services administrative support. Moreover, language is included 
specifying that deviations from amounts included in the report 
accompanying the Act shall be subject to section 505 of this 
Act. Finally, language is included providing for retired pay 
expenses.
    Also, under Procurement, Acquisition and Construction, 
language is included providing for three-year availability for 
funds, except for construction funds, which are available until 
expended. Language is also included providing that certain 
funds be derived from various sources. In addition, language is 
included specifying that deviations from amounts included in 
the report accompanying the Act shall be subject to section 505 
of this Act. Language is included regarding the submission of 
certain materials in support of construction budget requests. 
Language is included transferring an amount to the OIG. 
Finally, language is included withholding certain funding.
    In addition, under Pacific Coastal Salmon Recovery, 
language is included providing for two-year availability of 
funds. Language is also included allowing the Secretary of 
Commerce to issue grants to specific States and federally 
recognized tribes for conservation projects for listed 
endangered or threatened salmon and steelhead populations, 
populations at risk to be so listed, and for maintaining 
populations necessary for the exercise of tribal treaty fishing 
rights, and for conservation of Pacific coastal salmon and 
steelhead habitat, to be allocated under scientific and merit 
principles and not available for marketing activities; and 
requiring a State match.
    Furthermore, under Fishermen's Contingency Fund, language 
is included providing for the appropriation of funds to be 
derived from receipts collected pursuant to Title IV of Public 
Law 95-372.
    Moreover, under Fisheries Finance Program Account, language 
is included placing limitations on individual fishing quota 
loans and traditional direct loans.
    Under Departmental Management, Salaries and Expenses, 
language is included limiting funds for official reception and 
representation expenses.
    Under Renovation and Modernization, language is included 
making funds available until expended and allowing funding to 
be transferred into the account.
    Under Department of Commerce, General Provisions, the 
following general provisions that fall within the rule are 
recommended:
    Section 101 makes funds available for advanced payments 
only upon certification of officials designated by the 
Secretary that such payments are considered to be in the public 
interest.
    Section 102 makes appropriations for the Department 
available for hire of passenger motor vehicles, for services, 
and for uniforms and allowances as authorized by law.
    Section 103 provides the authority to transfer funds 
between Department of Commerce appropriation accounts and 
requiring notification to the Committee of certain actions.
    Section 104 extends Congressional notification requirements 
for NOAA satellite programs.
    Section 105 provides for reimbursement for services within 
Department of Commerce buildings.
    Section 106 clarifies that grant recipients under the 
Department of Commerce may continue to deter child pornography, 
copyright infringement, or any other unlawful activity over 
their networks.
    Section 107 provides the Administrator with the authority 
to avail NOAA of needed resources, with the consent of those 
supplying the resources, to carry out responsibilities of any 
statute administered by NOAA.
    Section 108 prohibits the National Technical Information 
Service from charging customers for certain publications, 
except under certain conditions and requires charges be limited 
to recovering costs.
    In title II, Department of Justice, under General 
Administration, Salaries and Expenses, language is included 
providing for an amount for security and construction of 
Department of Justice facilities, which shall remain available 
until expended.
    Also, under Justice Information Sharing Technology, 
language is included providing that funds be available until 
expended. Language is also included allowing transfers up to a 
certain amount to this account for information technology 
initiatives.
    In addition, under Executive Office for Immigration Review, 
language is included providing that an amount shall be derived 
by transfer from the Executive Office for Immigration Review 
fees deposited in the ``Immigration Examinations Fee'' account. 
Language is also included making an amount available until 
expended for certain purposes.
    Moreover, under Office of Inspector General, language is 
included providing for not to exceed $10,000 to meet unforeseen 
emergencies of a confidential character.
    Under United States Parole Commission, Salaries and 
Expenses, language is included providing that upon the 
expiration of a term of office of a Commissioner, the 
Commissioner may continue to act until a successor has been 
appointed.
    Under Legal Activities, Salaries and Expenses, General 
Legal Activities, language is included providing not to exceed 
$20,000 for expenses of collecting evidence, to be expended 
under the direction of, and to be accounted for solely under 
the certificate of, the Attorney General. Language is also 
included providing for rental of space in the District of 
Columbia. Language is included making an amount available until 
expended for litigation support contracts. In addition, 
language is included making certain funds available to INTERPOL 
available until expended. Also, language is included limiting 
the amount of funds for official representation and reception 
expenses available to INTERPOL Washington. Furthermore, 
language is included providing funds to the Civil Rights 
Division for expenses associated with election monitoring, 
authority to reimburse the Office of Personnel Management for 
such expenses, and availability of such funds until expended. 
Finally, language is included for expenses associated with 
processing cases under the National Childhood Vaccine Injury 
Act of 1986.
    Also, under Salaries and Expenses, Antitrust Division, 
language is included providing for no-year availability of 
funds. The language also provides that fees collected for 
premerger notification filings, regardless of the year of 
collection, shall be retained and used for necessary expenses 
in this appropriation, and shall remain available until 
expended.
    In addition, under Salaries and Expenses, United States 
Attorneys, language is included regarding inter-governmental 
and cooperative agreements and limiting funds for official 
reception and representation expenses. Language is also 
included extending the availability of certain funds. Finally, 
language is included requiring each United States Attorney to 
establish or participate in a task force on human trafficking.
    Furthermore, under United States Trustee System Fund, 
language is included regarding refunds due depositors. Language 
is also included providing for the extended availability of 
certain funds and the use of offsetting collections.
    Moreover, under Fees and Expenses of Witnesses, language is 
included regarding contracts for the procurement and 
supervision of expert witnesses. In addition, language is 
included regarding funds for construction of buildings for 
safesites, armored and other vehicles, and telecommunication 
equipment. The language also provides for no-year availability 
of funds. In addition, language is included providing no funds 
may be transferred pursuant to section 205 of this Act.
    And under Salaries and Expenses, Community Relations 
Service, language is included regarding the transfer of funds 
for conflict resolution and violence prevention activities, 
which shall be subject to the provisions of section 505 of this 
Act.
    Under United States Marshals Service, Salaries and 
Expenses, language is included limiting official reception and 
representation expenses, and providing for no-year availability 
for part of the appropriation.
    Also, under Construction, language is included providing 
for no-year availability of funds.
    In addition, under Federal Prisoner Detention, language is 
included providing for no-year availability of funds. Language 
is also included providing that the United States Marshals 
Service shall be responsible for managing the Justice Prisoner 
and Alien Transportation System. In addition, language is 
included limiting the amount of funds considered ``funds 
appropriated for State and local law enforcement assistance''. 
Finally, language is included transferring to this account 
unobligated balances from funds appropriated in prior years to 
the Detention Trustee.
    Under National Security Division, Salaries and Expenses, 
language is included providing for the no-year availability of 
funds for IT systems. Language is also included providing that 
upon a determination by the Attorney General that emergent 
circumstances require additional funding for the activities of 
the National Security Division, the Attorney General may 
transfer such amounts to this heading from available 
appropriations for the current fiscal year for the Department 
of Justice, as may be necessary to respond to such 
circumstances. The language provides such a transfer be treated 
as a reprogramming under section 505 of this Act.
    Under Interagency Law Enforcement, Interagency Crime and 
Drug Enforcement, language is included providing for no-year 
availability for some of the funds. Language is also included 
regarding authorities under which funds may be used.
    Under Federal Bureau of Investigation, Salaries and 
Expenses, language is included providing for no-year 
availability of certain funds. Language is included providing 
for a limitation on representational expenses.
    Under Construction, language is included specifying the 
purpose of the appropriation and making it available until 
expended.
    Under Drug Enforcement Administration, Salaries and 
Expenses, language is included providing for funds to meet 
unforeseen emergencies of a confidential character. Language is 
also included allowing conduct of drug education and training 
programs, including travel and related expenses for 
participants in such programs and the distribution of items of 
token value that promote the goals of such programs. In 
addition, language is included providing for no-year 
availability of certain funds. Finally, language is included 
providing for a limitation on representational expenses.
    Under Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives, 
Salaries and Expenses, language is included allowing training 
of State and local law enforcement agencies with or without 
reimbursement, including training in connection with the 
training and acquisition of canines for explosives and fire 
accelerants detection, and allowing provision of laboratory 
assistance to State and local law enforcement agencies, with or 
without reimbursement. Language is also included limiting 
official reception and representation expenses. In addition, 
language is included providing funds for the payment of 
attorneys' fees. In addition, language is included providing 
for no-year availability of certain funds. Additional language 
is included prohibiting expenses to investigate or act upon 
applications for relief from Federal firearms disabilities 
under section 925(c) of title 18, United States Code. Language 
is further included regarding expenses to investigate 
applications filed by corporations for relief from section 
925(c) of title 18, United States Code. Moreover, language is 
included that prohibits funds to transfer the functions, 
missions or activities of ATF to other agencies or departments.
    Under Federal Prison System, Salaries and Expenses, 
language is included that provides for the transfer to the 
Department of Health and Human Services funds necessary for 
medical relief for inmates. Language is also included that 
provides authority to the Director to enter into contracts to 
furnish health care. In addition, language is included placing 
a limitation on funds for reception and representation 
expenses. Furthermore, language is included extending the 
availability of certain funds. Finally, language is included 
providing authority for the Federal Prison System to accept 
donated property and services.
    Also, in Building and Facilities, language is included 
providing for no-year availability of funds and establishing 
funding levels for certain activities. Language is also 
included stating labor of prisoners may be used for work under 
this heading.
    Additionally, under Federal Prison Industries, 
Incorporated, language is included authorizing Federal Prison 
Industries, Incorporated, to make such expenditures, within the 
limits of funds and borrowing authority available, and in 
accord with the law, and to make such contracts and 
commitments, without regard to fiscal year limitations, as may 
be necessary in carrying out the program set forth in the 
budget for the current fiscal year for such corporation.
    Furthermore, under Limitation on Administrative Expenses, 
Federal Prison Industries, Incorporated, language is included 
making available funds for its administrative expenses, and for 
certain services, to be computed on an accrual basis to be 
determined in accordance with the corporation's current 
prescribed accounting system, and such amounts shall be 
exclusive of depreciation, payment of claims, and expenditures 
which such accounting system requires to be capitalized or 
charged to cost of commodities acquired or produced, including 
selling and shipping expenses, and expenses in connection with 
acquisition, construction, operation, maintenance, improvement, 
protection, or disposition of facilities and other property 
belonging to the corporation or in which it has an interest.
    Under State and Local Law Enforcement Activities, Office on 
Violence Against Women, Violence Against Women Prevention and 
Prosecution Programs, language is included making funds 
available until expended. Language is also included placing a 
limitation on funds to be made available for expenses related 
to evaluation, training, and technical assistance. In addition, 
language is included providing for specific appropriations for 
various programs within the Office on Violence Against Women. 
Furthermore, language is included making available certain 
unobligated balances for specified programs. The language also 
applies certain conditions to specified grants. It provides for 
certain funds to be transferred to ``Research, Evaluation and 
Statistics'' for administration by the Office of Justice 
Programs.
    Under Office of Justice Programs, Research, Evaluation and 
Statistics, language is included to provide for no-year 
availability of funds. Language is also included to provide for 
specific appropriations for various programs within the Office 
of Justice Programs.
    Also, under State and Local Law Enforcement Assistance, 
language is included to provide for no-year availability of 
funds. Language is also included regarding an Officer Robert 
Wilson III Memorial Initiative on Preventing Violence Against 
Law Enforcement Officer Resilience and Survivability 
Initiative, domestic radicalization research, juvenile indigent 
defense, and a National Missing and Unidentified Persons 
System, and the application of certain sections and special 
rules. In addition, language is included regarding Federal 
immigration and other detainees housed in State and local 
detention facilities. Furthermore, language is included 
regarding local government use of funds to increase the number 
of law enforcement officers. Language is also included 
regarding DNA training and education for law enforcement, 
correctional personnel, and court officers. Finally, the 
language specifies appropriations for various programs within 
the Office of Justice Programs.
    In addition, under Juvenile Justice Programs, language is 
included providing for no-year availability of funds. Language 
is also included waiving a provision of law with respect to 
funding for missing and exploited children programs. Finally, 
the language delineates certain amounts for various programs 
under this heading.
    Furthermore, under Public Safety Officer Benefits, language 
is included providing for no-year availability of funds. 
Language is also included providing for the transfers of funds 
in emergent circumstances, which shall be subject to the 
provisions of section 505 of this Act.
    Under Community Oriented Policing Services, Community 
Oriented Policing Services Programs, language is included 
providing for no-year availability of funds. Language is also 
included requiring that balances available through 
deobligations only be available through reprogramming. In 
addition, language is included regarding transfers of funds for 
anti-methamphetamine activities. There is further language 
regarding certain time limitations under the Second Chance Act. 
Finally, the language delineates certain amounts for various 
programs under this heading.
    Under Department of Justice, General Provisions, the 
following general provisions that fall within the rule are 
recommended:
    Section 201 makes available additional reception and 
representation funding for the Attorney General from the 
amounts provided in this title.
    Section 202 prohibits the use of funds to pay for an 
abortion, except in the case of incest, rape or to preserve the 
life of the mother.
    Section 203 prohibits the use of funds to require any 
person to perform or facilitate the performance of an abortion.
    Section 204 establishes the obligation of the Director of 
the Bureau of Prisons to provide escort services to an inmate 
receiving an abortion outside of a Federal facility, except 
where this obligation conflicts with the preceding section.
    Section 205 establishes the Committee's requirements and 
procedures for transfer proposals.
    Section 206 prohibits the use of certain funds for 
transporting prisoners classified as maximum or high security, 
other than to a facility certified by the Bureau of Prisons as 
appropriately secure.
    Section 207 prohibits the use of funds for the purchase or 
rental by Federal prisons of audiovisual equipment, services 
and materials used primarily for recreational purposes, except 
for those items and services needed for inmate training, 
religious, or educational purposes.
    Section 208 requires review by the Deputy Attorney General 
and the Department Investment Review Board prior to the 
obligation or expenditure of funds for major information 
technology projects.
    Section 209 requires the Department to follow reprogramming 
procedures prior to any deviation from the program amounts 
specified in this title or the reuse of specified deobligated 
funds provided in previous years.
    Section 210 prohibits the use of funds for A-76 
competitions for work performed by employees of Federal Prison 
Industries, Inc.
    Section 211 prohibits U.S. Attorneys from holding dual or 
additional responsibilities that exempt U.S. Attorneys from 
statutory residency requirements.
    Section 212 permits up to 3 percent of grant and 
reimbursement program funds made available to OJP to be used 
for training and technical assistance and permits up to 3 
percent of grant or reimbursement funds made available to that 
office to be used for criminal justice research, evaluation and 
statistics.
    Section 213 prohibits funds, other than funds for the 
National Instant Criminal Background Check System established 
under the Brady Handgun Violence Prevention Act, from being 
used to facilitate the transfer of an operable firearm to a 
known or suspected agent of a drug cartel where law enforcement 
personnel do not continuously monitor or control such firearm. 
This language is made permanent.
    Section 214 places limitation on the obligation of funds 
from certain Department of Justice accounts and funding 
sources.
    In title III, Science, under Office of Science and 
Technology Policy, language is included providing that certain 
funds be available for reception and representation expenses, 
and rental of conference rooms.
    Under National Aeronautics and Space Administration, 
Science, language is included providing for the multi-year 
availability of funds. Language is also included regarding a 
limitation on formulation and development costs of a certain 
program with an associated notification requirement and 
language is also included concerning a planetary science 
mission.
    Also, under Aeronautics, language is included providing for 
the multi-year availability of funds.
    In addition, under Space Technology, language is included 
providing for the multi-year availability of funds.
    Under Exploration, language is included providing for the 
multi-year availability of funds. Language is also included 
that delineates amounts for program components. Language is 
also included describing certain reports and requiring the 
inclusion of estimates in future budget requests.
    In Space Operations, language is included providing for the 
multi-year availability of funds.
    Additionally, under Education, language is included 
providing for the multi-year availability of funds. Language is 
also included delineating amounts for program components.
    Under Safety, Security and Mission Services, language is 
included providing for the multi-year availability of funds. 
Language is also included to limit official reception and 
representation expenses.
    Under Construction and Environmental Compliance and 
Restoration, language is included providing for the multi-year 
availability of funds. Language is also included restricting 
receipts and expenditures made pursuant to enhanced use lease 
arrangements and requiring the inclusion of estimates in future 
budget requests.
    Under Office of Inspector General, language is included 
providing for the multi-year availability of certain funds.
    In the Administrative Provisions, language is included 
regarding: availability of funds for announced prizes; 
limitations on transfers of funds among NASA accounts; the 
submission of a spending plan; and the transfer of certain 
unexpired balances.
    Under National Science Foundation, Research and Related 
Activities, language is included that provides for the multi-
year availability of funds. Language is also included that 
governs funding availability for polar research and operational 
support. In addition, language is included providing that 
certain receipts may be credited to this appropriation.
    Also, under Major Research Equipment and Facilities 
Construction, language is included providing for no-year 
availability of funds.
    In addition, under Education and Human Resources, language 
is included providing for the multi-year availability of funds.
    Furthermore, under Agency Operations and Award Management, 
language is included regarding contracts for maintenance and 
operation of facilities and other services. Language is also 
included limiting representation expenses, and providing for 
no-year availability of some funds.
    Under Office of the National Science Board, language is 
included limiting funds for official reception and 
representation.
    Under Office of Inspector General, language is included 
providing for the multi-year availability of certain funds.
    Under Administrative Provision, language is included 
regarding transfers of funds.
    In title IV, Related Agencies, under Commission on Civil 
Rights, Salaries and Expenses, language is included prohibiting 
expenses to employ in excess of a specific level of full-time 
individuals or to reimburse Commissioners for certain billable 
days. Language is also included prohibiting certain 
unauthorized activities.
    Under Equal Employment Opportunity Commission, Salaries and 
Expenses, language is included designating an amount for 
payments to State and local enforcement agencies. Language is 
also included limiting funds for official reception and 
representation expenses. Finally, language is included 
authorizing the Chair to accept donations or gifts to carry out 
the work of the Commission.
    Under International Trade Commission, Salaries and 
Expenses, language is included limiting funds for official 
reception and representation expenses. Language is also 
included providing for no-year availability of funds.
    Under Legal Services Corporation, Payment to the Legal 
Services Corporation, language is included regarding pay for 
officers and employees. Language is also included delineating 
amounts for specific programs and regarding authorities to 
transfer funds. In addition, language is included designating 
the Legal Services Corporation as an agency of the Federal 
Government for the purposes of reprogramming.
    Under Administrative Provision, Legal Services Corporation, 
language is included that prohibits the use of funds for 
certain activities.
    Under Office of the United States Trade Representative, 
Salaries and Expenses, language is included providing for the 
no-year availability of some funds. Language is also included 
limiting funds for official reception and representation 
expenses.
    Also, under Trade Enforcement Trust Fund, language is 
included regarding certain notifications.
    Under State Justice Institute, Salaries and Expenses, 
language is included limiting funds for reception and 
representation expenses. Language is also included providing 
for multi-year availability of certain funds. In addition, 
language is included designating the State Justice Institute as 
an agency of the Federal Government for the purposes of 
reprogramming.
    In title V, General Provisions, the following general 
provisions that fall within the rule are recommended:
    Section 501 prohibits the use of funds for publicity or 
propaganda purposes unless expressly authorized by law.
    Section 502 prohibits any appropriation contained in this 
Act from remaining available for obligation beyond the current 
fiscal year unless expressly authorized.
    Section 503 provides that the expenditure of any 
appropriation contained in this Act for any consulting service 
through procurement contracts shall be limited to those 
contracts where such expenditures are a matter of public record 
and available for public inspection, except where otherwise 
provided under existing law or under existing Executive order 
issued pursuant to existing law.
    Section 504 provides that if any provision of this Act or 
the application of such provision to any person or circumstance 
shall be held invalid, the remainder of the Act and the 
application of other provisions shall not be affected.
    Section 505 specifies requirements for the reprogramming of 
funds.
    Section 506 provides that if it is determined that any 
person intentionally affixes a ``Made in America'' label to any 
product that was not made in America that person shall not be 
eligible to receive any contract or subcontract made with funds 
made available in this Act. The section further provides that 
to the extent practicable, with respect to purchases of 
promotional items, funds made available under this Act shall be 
used to purchase items manufactured, produced, or assembled in 
the United States or its territories or possessions.
    Section 507 requires quarterly reporting to Congress on the 
status of balances of appropriations.
    Section 508 provides that any costs incurred by a 
department or agency funded under this Act resulting from, or 
to prevent, personnel actions taken in response to funding 
reductions in this Act, or, for the Department of Commerce, 
from actions taken for the care and protection of loan 
collateral or grant property, shall be absorbed within the 
budgetary resources available to the department or agency, and 
provides transfer authority between appropriation accounts to 
carry out this provision, subject to reprogramming procedures.
    Section 509 prohibits funds made available in this Act from 
being used to promote the sale or export of tobacco or tobacco 
products or to seek the reduction or removal of foreign 
restrictions on the marketing of tobacco products, except for 
restrictions which are not applied equally to all tobacco or 
tobacco products of the same type.
    Section 510 limits the obligation of certain funds and 
provides for a set-aside.
    Section 511 prohibits the use of Department of Justice 
funds for programs that discriminate against or denigrate the 
religious or moral beliefs of students participating in such 
programs.
    Section 512 prohibits the transfer of funds made available 
in this Act to any department, agency or instrumentality of the 
United States Government, except for transfers made by, or 
pursuant to authorities provided in, this Act or any other 
appropriations Act.
    Section 513 provides that funds provided in this Act for E-
Government Initiatives shall be subject to the procedures set 
forth in section 505 of this Act.
    Section 514 prohibits funds for acquisition of certain 
information systems unless the acquiring department or agency 
has reviewed and assessed certain risks. Language is also 
included making such acquisition contingent upon the 
development of a risk mitigation strategy and a determination 
that the acquisition is in the national interest.
    Section 515 prohibits the use of funds made available in 
this Act to support or justify the use of torture by any 
official or contract employee of the United States Government.
    Section 516 permanently prohibits the use of funds to 
require certain export licenses.
    Section 517 permanently prohibits the use of funds to deny 
certain import applications regarding ``curios or relics'' 
firearms, parts, or ammunition.
    Section 518 prohibits the use of funds made available in 
this Act to include certain language in trade agreements.
    Section 519 prohibits the use of funds made available in 
this Act to authorize or issue a national security letter (NSL) 
in contravention of certain laws authorizing the Federal Bureau 
of Investigation to issue NSLs.
    Section 520 requires congressional notification regarding 
any project within the Departments of Commerce or Justice, the 
National Science Foundation or the National Aeronautics and 
Space Administration totaling more than $75,000,000 that has 
cost increases of 10 percent or more.
    Section 521 deems funds for intelligence or intelligence 
related activities as authorized by Congress during fiscal year 
2017 until the enactment of the Intelligence Authorization Act 
for fiscal year 2017.
    Section 522 prohibits contracts or grant awards in excess 
of $5,000,000 unless the prospective contractor or grantee 
certifies that the organization has filed all Federal tax 
returns, has not been convicted of a criminal offense under the 
Internal Revenue Code of 1986, and has no unpaid Federal tax 
assessment.
    Section 523 provides for rescissions of unobligated 
balances from the Department of Justice.
    Section 524 prohibits the use of funds made available in 
this Act for the purchase of first class or premium air travel 
in contravention of certain Federal travel regulations.
    Section 525 prohibits the use of funds made available in 
this Act to pay for the attendance of more than 50 department 
or agency employees, who are stationed in the United States, at 
any single conference outside the United States, unless the 
conference is a law enforcement training or operational event 
where the majority of Federal attendees are law enforcement 
personnel stationed outside the United States.
    Section 526 prohibits the use of funds in this or any other 
Act for the transfer or release of certain individuals detained 
at United States Naval Station, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, to or 
within the United States, its territories, or possessions.
    Section 527 prohibits the use of funds in this or any other 
Act to construct, acquire, or modify any facility in the United 
States, its territories, or possessions to house certain 
individuals who, as of June 24, 2009, were located at United 
States Naval Station, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, for the purposes of 
detention or imprisonment in the custody or control of the 
Department of Defense.
    Section 528 requires tracking and reporting of undisbursed 
balances in expired grant accounts.
    Section 529 prohibits the use of funds made available in 
this Act by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration 
(NASA) or the Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP) to 
engage in bilateral activities with China or a Chinese-owned 
company unless the activities are authorized by subsequent 
legislation or NASA or OSTP and the Federal Bureau of 
Investigation have made a certification pursuant to subsections 
(c) and (d) of this section.
    Section 530 permanently prohibits funds from being used to 
deny the importation of shotgun models if no application for 
the importation of such models, in the same configuration, had 
been denied prior to January 1, 2011, on the basis that the 
shotgun was not particularly suitable for or readily adaptable 
to sporting purposes.
    Section 531 prohibits the use of funds made available in 
this Act to establish or maintain a computer network that does 
not block pornography, except for law enforcement and victim 
assistance purposes.
    Section 532 requires each department and agency funded in 
the bill to submit spending plans.
    Section 533 prohibits funds made available by this Act to 
implement the Arms Trade Treaty until the Senate approves a 
resolution of ratification.
    Section 534 prohibits the use of funds to relinquish the 
responsibility of the National Telecommunications and 
Information Administration with respect to Internet domain name 
system functions.
    Section 535 prohibits funds to deny an Inspector General 
funded under this Act with timely access to records, documents, 
or other materials.
    Section 536 requires a quarterly report from the Department 
of Commerce, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, 
and the National Science Foundation on official travel to 
China.
    Section 537 prohibits funds to facilitate, permit, license, 
or promote certain exports to Cuba.
    Section 538 prohibits funds to approve the registration, 
renewal, or maintenance of the registration of a mark, trade 
mark, trade name, or commercial name when the mark, trade mark, 
trade name, or commercial name was unlawfully confiscated in 
Cuba.
    Section 539 prohibits funds to enter into a civil 
settlement agreement on behalf of the United States that 
includes certain donations.
    Section 540 prohibits funds from being used to require a 
person licensed under section 923 of title 18, United States 
Code, to report information to the Department of Justice 
regarding the sale of multiple rifles or shotguns to the same 
person.
    Section 541 requires the establishment of nonnative 
predator fish research and removal pilot programs.
    Section 542 expands conservation fish hatcheries to 
enhance, supplement, and rebuild endangered species.
    Section 543 prohibits funds for Operation Choke Point.
    Section 544 requires 10 percent of the funds for programs 
go to persistent poverty counties.
    Section 545 prohibits funds for the Equal Employment 
Opportunity Commission for collection of information as set 
forth in the notice published on February 1, 2016.
    Section 546 allows States, in civil actions, to obtain all 
appropriate relief against any party under the Constitution and 
to require that courts promptly hear and determine any such 
civil action and afford the State any necessary preliminary 
relief.

                  Appropriations Not Authorized by Law

    The Committee, in a number of instances, has found it 
necessary to recommend funding for ongoing activities and 
programs for which authorizations have not been enacted to 
date. Pursuant to clause 3(f)(1)(B) of rule XIII of the Rules 
of the House of Representatives, the following table lists the 
appropriations in the accompanying bill which are not 
authorized by law for the period concerned:

                                                               UNAUTHORIZED APPROPRIATIONS
                                                                    Fiscal Year 2017
                                                                 (dollars in thousands)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                     Authorization level in     Appropriations in
                             Program                                Last year of          last year of            last year of        Appropriations in
                                                                    authorization         authorization           authorization           this bill
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Department of Commerce:
  International Trade Administration
    Operations and Administration
      Export Promotion Activities...............................              1996               such sums               264,885                     *
  Bureau of Industry and Security
    Operations and Administration...............................              1994               such sums                34,747               114,000
  Economic Development Administration
    Salaries and Expenses.......................................              2008               such sums                30,832                39,500
    Economic Development Assistance Programs....................                               various                                         225,000
      Public Works and Economic Development Act Programs........              2008                 500,000               349,100              (209,000)
  Minority Business Development Agency
    Minority Business Development...............................               n/a                     n/a                   n/a                34,000
  Economic and Statistical Analysis
    Salaries and Expenses.......................................               n/a                     n/a                   n/a               107,000
  National Telecommunications and Information Administration
    Salaries and Expenses.......................................              1993                  17,900                18,493                36,322
  National Institute of Standards and Technology
    Scientific and Technical Research and Services..............              2013                 676,700               609,514               680,000
    Industrial technology services..............................              2013                 241,709               140,316               135,000
      Manufacturing extension partnerships......................              2013                (165,100)             (126,088)             (130,000)
    Construction of research facilities.........................              2013                 121,300                58,874                50,000
  National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
    Operations, Research and Facilities
      Oceanic and Atmospheric Research..........................              1993               1,589,081               202,172
        Climate and air quality research activities.............              1993                (103,877)                                           
        Atmospheric research activities.........................              1993                 (44,781)                                           
      National Ocean Service....................................              1993                 121,183               150,864               475,140
        Coral Reef Conservation.................................              2004                 (16,000)              (16,000)              (26,000)
        Costal Zone Management..................................              1999                 (55,300)              (52,700)             (104,570)
        Marine Protection, Research, Preservation & Sanctuaries.              2005                 (40,000)              (57,958)              (49,000)
      National Marine Fisheries Services........................                               various
        Endangered Species Act Activities.......................              1992                   6,750
        Marine Mammal Protection Act Activities.................              1999                  34,768
        NOAA Marine Fisheries Program Activities................              2000                 110,470
      National Weather Service
        Operations and research activities......................              1993                 395,822                                            
        Public warning and forecast systems.....................              1993                 132,034                   ,                     ,  
      NESDIS
        Satellite observing systems activities (NESDIS).........              1993                 336,000                   ,                     ,  
        Data and information services activities................              1993                  39,596                10,300                   ,  
      Mission Support
        Executive Direction and Administrative Activities.......              1993                  75,750                25,000               208,361
        Marine Services.........................................              1993                  68,518                61,200               184,376
        Aircraft Services.......................................              1993                  10,336                 9,500                36,000
    Procurement, Acquisition and Construction
      Office of Marine and Aviation Operations
        Fleet modernization and replacement.....................              1997               such sums                 8,000                16,700
    Pacific Coastal Salmon Recovery.............................              2009                  90,000                80,000                65,000
  Departmental Management
    Salaries and Expenses.......................................               n/a                     n/a                   n/a                58,000
    Renovation and Modernization................................               n/a                     n/a                   n/a                 4,000
Department of Justice:
  General Administration
    Salaries and Expenses.......................................              2009                 181,561               105,805               115,000
    Justice Information Sharing Technology......................              2009                 204,152                80,000                40,000
    Executive Office for Immigration Review.....................             2009                      n/a                   n/a               457,154
    Office of Pardon Attorney...................................             2009                      n/a                   n/a                 4,496
    Office of Inspector General.................................              2009                  81,922                80,681                93,709
  United States Parole Commission
    Salaries and Expenses.......................................              2009                  12,711                12,570                13,308
  Legal Activities
    Salaries and Expenses, General Legal Activities.............              2009                 764,526               805,655               893,000
    Salaries and Expenses, Antitrust Division...................              2009                 162,488               157,788               164,977
    Salaries and Expenses, United States Attorneys..............              2009               1,829,194             1,851,336             2,050,000
    Salaries and Expenses, Foreign Claims Settlement Commission.              2009                   1,429                 1,823                 2,374
    Fees and Expenses of Witnesses..............................              2009                 203,755               168,300               270,000
    Salaries and Expenses, Community Relations Service..........              2009                  10,977                 9,873                15,500
  United States Marshals Service................................              2009                 900,178               954,000             2,743,000
    Salaries and Expenses.......................................                                         ?              (960,000)           (1,258,000)
    Construction................................................                                         ?                (4,000)              (10,000)
    Federal Prison Detention#...................................              2009               1,858,509             1,355,319            (1,475,000)
  National Security Division
    Salaries and Expenses.......................................               n/a                     n/a                   n/a                97,337
  Interagency Law Enforcement
    Interagency Crime and Drug Enforcement......................              2009                 744,593               515,000               522,135
  Federal Bureau of Investigation...............................              2009               6,480,608             7,301,191             9,077,866
    Salaries and Expenses.......................................                                         ?            (7,182,700)           (8,768,884)
    Construction................................................                                         ?              (153,491)             (308,982)
  Drug Enforcement Administration
    Salaries and Expenses.......................................              2009               1,930,462             1,959,084             2,102,976
  Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives
    Salaries and Expenses.......................................              2009               1,038,939             1,078,215             1,257,757
  Federal Prison System.........................................              2009               5,698,292             6,171,561             7,156,791
    Salaries and Expenses.......................................                                         ?            (5,600,792)           (7,016,791)
    Buildings and Facilities....................................                                         ?              (575,807)             (140,000)
  Office on Violence Against Women
    Violence Against Women Prevention and Prosecution Programs
      Research and Evaluation on Violence against Women.........               n/a                     n/a                   n/a                 5,000
      Family Civil Justice......................................                               various                                          16,000
        Court Training and Improvements Program.................              2011                   5,000                    **
        Safe Havens Program.....................................              2011                  20,000                    **
      Consolidated Youth-oriented Program.......................                               various                                          11,000
        Engaging Men and Youth in Prevention....................               n/a                     n/a                   n/a                      
        Grants to Assist Children and Youth Exposed to Violence.               n/a                     n/a                   n/a                      
        Supporting Teens Through Education Program..............              2011                   5,000                    **                      
        Services to Advocate and Respond to Youth...............               n/a                     n/a                   n/a                      
      Research on Violence Against Indian Women.................              2015                   1,000                   940                 1,000
      Indian Country--Sexual Assault Clearinghouse..............               n/a                     n/a                   n/a                   500
      Tribal assistance.........................................               n/a                     n/a                   n/a                 5,000
  Office of Justice Programs
    Research, Evaluation and Statistics
      Bureau of Justice Statistics..............................              1995                  33,000                32,335                48,000
      NCS-X Implementation Program..............................               n/a                     n/a                   n/a                 5,000
      National Institute of Justice.............................              1995                  33,000                58,879                40,000
    State and Local Law Enforcement Assistance
      Byrne Memorial Justice Assistance Grants..................              2012               1,095,000               470,000               476,000
        Domestic Radicalization Research........................               n/a                     n/a                   n/a                (4,000)
        Officer Robert Wilson III VALOR Initiative..............               n/a                     n/a                   n/a               (20,000)
        Juvenile Indigent Defense...............................               n/a                     n/a                   n/a                (2,500)
        NamUS...................................................               n/a                     n/a                   n/a                (2,400)
      State Criminal Alien Assistance Program...................              2011                 950,000                    **               273,906
      Capital Litigation and Wrongful Conviction Review.........              2009                  75,000                 5,500                 2,000
      White Collar Crime Prevention.............................               n/a                     n/a                   n/a                10,000
      Adam Walsh Act Implementation.............................              2009               such sums                18,000                20,000
      National Sex Offender Public Website......................               n/a                     n/a                   n/a                 1,000
      Violent Gang and Gun Crime Reduction......................               n/a                     n/a                   n/a                20,000
      NICS Initiative...........................................                               various                                          73,000
        NICS Act Record Improvement Program.....................              2013                 125,000                12,000                     *
        National Criminal History Improvement Program...........              2013                  62,500                 6,000                     *
      DNA Initiative
        Debbie Smith DNA Backlog Grants.........................              2014                 151,000               117,000               117,000
        Post-Conviction DNA Testing Grants......................              2009                   5,000                 5,000                 4,000
        Sexual Assault Forensic Exam Program Grants.............              2014                  30,000                 4,000                 4,000
      Prison Rape Prevention and Prosecution....................              2010                  40,000                15,000                12,000
      Comprehensive School Safety Initiative....................               n/a                     n/a                   n/a                75,000
      Opioid initiative.........................................                               various                                         103,000
        Drug Courts.............................................              2008                  70,000                15,200               (42,000)
        Veterans Treatment Courts...............................               n/a                     n/a                   n/a                (7,000)
        Residential Substance Abuse Treatment...................              2000                  72,000                61,677               (12,000)
        Prescription Drug Monitoring............................               n/a                     n/a                   n/a               (14,000)
        Mentally Ill Offender Act...............................              2014                  50,000                 9,000               (12,000)
        Comprehensive Opioid Abuse Reduction Act of 2016........               n/a                     n/a                   n/a               (16,000)
    Juvenile Justice Programs
      Youth Mentoring Grants....................................              2007               such sums                                      90,000
      Victims of Child Abuse Programs...........................              2005                   8,481                11,000                20,000
      Missing and Exploited Children Programs...................                               various                                          72,250
        AMBER Alert grants......................................              2004                       *                     *                     *
    Community Oriented Policing Services
      Transfer to DEA for Methamphetamine Lab Cleanups..........               n/a                     n/a                   n/a                11,000
      Community trust initiative................................               n/a                     n/a                   n/a                75,000
        Body-worn Camera Partnership............................               n/a                     n/a                   n/a               (22,500)
        Justice Reinvestment Initiative.........................               n/a                     n/a                   n/a               (27,500)
        Research and statistics on community trust..............               n/a                     n/a                   n/a               (10,000)
        Byrne Criminal Justice Innovation Program...............               n/a                     n/a                   n/a               (15,000)
      Second Chance Act/Offender Reentry........................              2010                  55,000               100,000                68,000
      Community Teams to Reduce the Sexual Assault Kit (SAK)                   n/a                     n/a                   n/a                45,000
       Backlog..................................................
      Tribal Assistance.........................................                               various                                          65,000
        Tribal Courts...........................................              2004               such sums                (8,000)
        Alcohol and Substance Abuse.............................               n/a                     n/a                   n/a
        Indian Prison Grants....................................              2000                  (2,753)               (5,000)
        Training/TA Civil and Criminal Legal Assistance.........               n/a                     n/a                   n/a
      Regional information sharing activities...................              2003                 100,000                29,000                35,000
Science:
  National Aeronautics and Space Administration
    Science.....................................................              2013               5,509,600             5,047,447             5,597,000
    Aeronautics.................................................              2013                 590,000               559,301               712,000
    Space Technology............................................              2013                 515,000               629,950               739,200
    Exploration.................................................              2013               5,264,000             3,814,041             4,183,000
    Space Operations............................................              2013               4,253,300             3,878,802             4,890,300
    Education...................................................              2013                 145,700               122,654               115,000
    Safety, Security and Mission Services.......................              2013               3,276,800             2,770,012             2,835,400
    Construction and Environmental Compliance and Remediation...              2013                 366,900               667,236               398,000
    Office of Inspector General.................................              2013                  38,700                37,287                38,100
  National Science Foundation
    Research and Related Activities.............................              2013               6,637,849             5,870,974             6,079,430
    Major Research Equipment and Facilities Construction........              2013                 236,764               192,488                87,120
    Education and Human Resources...............................              2013               1,041,762               878,799               880,000
    Agency Operations and Award Management......................              2013                 363,670               293,780               340,000
    Office of the National Science Board........................              2013                   4,906                 4,357                 4,380
    Office of Inspector General.................................              2013                  15,049                13,933                15,200
Related Agencies:
  Commission on Civil Rights
    Salaries and Expenses.......................................              1995                   9,500                 8,904                 9,200
  International Trade Commission
    Salaries and Expenses.......................................              2004                  57,240                58,295                90,000
  Legal Services Corporation
    Payment to the Legal Services Corporation...................              1980                 205,000               300,000               350,000
  Marine Mammal Commission
    Salaries and Expenses.......................................              1999                   1,750                 1,240                 3,431
  Office of the U.S. Trade Representative
    Salaries and Expenses.......................................              2004                  33,108                41,552                50,000
  State Justice Institute
    Salaries and Expenses.......................................              2008                   7,000                 3,760                 5,121
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
* The recommendation does not provide a specific amount for this program.
  The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Authorization Act of 1992 (P.L. 102-567) provides authorizations for general categories of
  activities, rather than specific programs. Since a program may cut across several authorizations, it is impossible to determine the exact amount of
  unauthorized appropriations.
 Authorization covers multiple lines in the NOAA control table.
  This authorization provides for both procurement and operations activities, but does not provide a breakdown for each.
  The authorization authorizes funding for the ``Administrative Review and Appeals'' account, which encompassed the activities of the Executive Office
  for Immigration Review and the Office of Pardon Attorney. The recommendation seperates these into different accounts.
? Authorization does not provide amounts for specific accounts within this agency.
# This was formerly the ``General Administration, Detention Trustee'' account.
** The authorization for this program expired in FY2011. Since the government was funded by a full-year continuing resolution, the Committee did not
  provide a specific appropriation for this program.
   These programs have been combined into the Consolidated Youth-oriented Program.
 The recommendation includes an overall amount for tribal assistance but does not specify amounts for each particular program.
   The authorization for this program expired in FY2007. Since the government was funded by a full-year continuing resolution, the Committee did not
  provide a specific appropriation for this program.

                 Comparison With the Budget Resolution

    Pursuant to clause 3(c)(2) of rule XIII of the Rules of the 
House of Representatives and section 308(a)(1)(A) of the 
Congressional Budget Act of 1974, the following table compares 
the levels of new budget authority and outlays provided in the 
bill with the appropriate allocations made under section 302(b) 
of the Budget Act:

                        SUBCOMMITTEE ON COMMERCE, JUSTICE, SCIENCE, AND RELATED AGENCIES
                                            [In millions of dollars]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                   302(b) allocation                       This bill
                                         -----------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                Budget                              Budget
                                              Authority          Outlays          Authority          Outlays
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
General purpose discretionary...........          56,001            64,600            56,001            64,600*
Mandatory...............................             320               330               320               330*
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
* Includes outlays from prior-year budget authority.

                      Five-Year Outlay Projections

    Pursuant to clause 3(c)(2) of rule XIII and section 
308(a)(1)(B) of the Congressional Budget Act of 1974, the 
following table contains five-year outlay projections 
associated with the budget authority provided in the 
accompanying bill, as provided to the Committee by the 
Congressional Budget Office:

                        [In millions of dollars]
------------------------------------------------------------------------
 
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Projection of outlays associated with the
 recommendation:
  2017................................................          42,276*
  2018................................................          14,250
  2019................................................           3,951
  2020................................................           1,239
  2021................................................           3,700
------------------------------------------------------------------------
* Excludes outlays from prior-year budget authority.

               Assistance to State and Local Governments

    Pursuant to clause 3(c)(2) of rule XIII and section 
308(a)(1)(C) of the Congressional Budget Act of 1974, the 
Congressional Budget Office has provided the following 
estimates of new budget authority and outlays provided by the 
accompanying bill for financial assistance to State and local 
governments:

                                            [In millions of dollars]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                              Budget Authority       Outlays
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Financial assistance to State and local governments for 2017................          -6,130                83*
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
* Excludes outlays from prior-year budget authority.

                          Program Duplication

    Pursuant to section 3(g) of H. Res. 5 (114th Congress), no 
provision of this bill establishes or reauthorizes a program of 
the Federal Government known to be duplicative of another 
Federal program, a program that was included in any report from 
the Government Accountability Office to Congress pursuant to 
section 21 of Public Law 111-139, or a program related to a 
program identified in the most recent Catalog of Federal 
Domestic Assistance.

                          Directed Rule Making

    Pursuant to section 3(i) of H. Res. 5 (114th Congress), the 
bill does not direct any rule making.

      Comparative Statement of New Budget (Obligational) Authority

    The following table provides a detailed summary, for each 
department and agency, comparing the amounts recommended in the 
bill with fiscal year 2016 enacted amounts and budget estimates 
presented for fiscal year 2017:
[GRAPHIC(S) NOT AVAILABLE IN TIFF FORMAT]


                             MINORITY VIEWS

    We commend Chairman Rogers and Chairman Culberson for their 
overall efforts in assembling the Fiscal Year (FY) 2017 
Commerce, Justice, Science (CJS) bill and acknowledge they have 
made a strong effort to fund a number of important public 
investments at healthy funding levels.
    However, a great many critical national needs receive far 
less funding than necessary to ensure public safety, boost 
economic development, deliver a cost-effective 2020 Census, and 
much more. The bill also includes a number of very problematic 
and highly objectionable riders that jeopardize the 
appropriations process and the enactment of this bill.
    The FY 2017 bill approved by the Committee provides net 
budget authority of $56 billion, an increase of $279 million 
above FY 2016. However, when comparing total new discretionary 
budget authority between FY 2016 and the FY 2017 Committee 
bill, it is a cut of $84 million below the comparable FY 2016 
level and $441 million below the Administration's FY 2017 
discretionary request.
    Within this allocation, the bill provides increases to 
federal law enforcement components, most federal science 
efforts, and several other priorities such as trade 
enforcement. However, a large number of critical public 
investments simply do not receive adequate resources, with many 
cut below current levels. In particular, the bill contains 
damaging cuts to state and local law enforcement, advanced 
manufacturing research, climate research, legal aid for those 
in need, and more. As the process moves forward, we hope to 
address these inadequacies while preserving the positive 
aspects of this bill and to remove harmful riders. Given the 
wide array of public needs that must be funded at workable 
levels, our careful attention to all of these efforts is 
absolutely crucial.

                         DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE

    With regard to Title I, we appreciate the strong funding 
level for the Minority Business Development Agency, which will 
continue to assist minority-owned enterprises as they work to 
create jobs across the country. The Economic Development 
Administration receives a modest increase, and the Patent and 
Trademark Office (PTO) is once again given the authority to 
spend its full fee collections estimate.
    However, many important responsibilities within the 
Department of Commerce are badly underfunded. While strong 
funding is provided for trade enforcement activities of the 
International Trade Administration, the agency's other export 
expansion efforts are effectively reduced when adjusted for 
inflation. The National Institute of Standards and Technology, 
which advances U.S. technological innovation and industrial 
competitiveness, is cut by $99 million and nearly $150 million 
below the President's discretionary request. The huge cut to 
the National Network for Manufacturing Innovation (NNMI) is 
especially disappointing, as funding was not included to 
continue the new open competition NNMI center. These extremely 
successful, industry-supported innovation hubs are incubators 
that focus on developing and bringing to market the next 
generation of advanced manufacturing technologies, which will 
create jobs and enhance American competitiveness.
    The Bureau of Economic Analysis and the Census Bureau 
enable policymakers and the general public to better understand 
and predict changes in the American economy and the health of 
American communities, which in turn informs good public policy. 
Yet both agencies are underfunded in this bill.
    The bill's funding level for the Census Bureau, though an 
increase of $100 million, is more than $163 million below the 
Administration's request and is inadequate to keep the Bureau's 
research, testing, computer systems development and other 
activities on track for 2020. These steps continue to be vital 
to ensuring that the next decennial census will utilize 
innovative and efficient methods, which could save taxpayers as 
much as $5.2 billion. Preparation toward a modernized census, 
including a complete end-to-end systems test, needs to be 
sufficiently funded in FY 2017 to ensure these future cost 
savings. The end-to-end systems test, which was missing from 
preparations for both the 2010 Census and other government 
information technology ventures that experienced cost overruns 
as a result, is particularly critical.
    We also support strong funding for the American Community 
Survey (ACS), which is essential for high-quality data for 
small population groups, including rural communities, veterans, 
minorities, and individuals with limited English proficiency. 
In particular, businesses and governments at all levels rely 
upon ACS data every day to make decisions.
    Within the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration 
(NOAA), there are strong funding levels for a number of 
efforts, including weather forecasting and procurement of near-
term weather satellites, and certain NOAA fisheries programs, 
among others. However, we are greatly disappointed by damaging 
cuts in other areas, including a cut of $25 million below FY 
2016 to the National Ocean Service. A number of individual 
programs important to the economic vitality of coastal and 
Great Lakes areas are cut below FY 2016 levels, including 
Coastal Zone Management Grants, Fisheries Habitat Conservation 
and Restoration, and the National Estuarine Research Reserve 
System.
    Furthermore, we are greatly disappointed that the Committee 
bill slashes funding for important climate science efforts of 
NOAA and its external partners. The Committee provides $128 
million for NOAA climate research, a cut of $30 million (19%) 
below FY 2016 and $61.9 million (33%) below the 
Administration's request. According to the third National 
Climate Assessment, released in May 2014, the average 
temperature in the U.S. increased by between 1.3 and 1.9 
degrees Fahrenheit since recordkeeping began in 1895, with 80 
percent of this increase occurring since 1970. The assessment 
noted that impacts related to climate change are already 
evident in many sectors and are expected to become increasingly 
disruptive across the nation throughout this century. For 
example, storm surge on top of the rise in sea level 
exacerbates coastal flooding during hurricanes. Climate change 
is also increasing the risks of respiratory stress from poor 
air quality, heat stress, and the spread of foodborne, 
insectborne, and waterborne diseases. These are just some 
examples of what we face as a result of climate change. We must 
fully fund NOAA's research in this area, which will greatly 
improve our nation's ability to understand and predict climate 
change and thus enhance our ability to plan and respond.

                         DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE

    For the Department of Justice (D0J), a total of $29.1 
billion is provided, a decrease of $32.3 million below the 
comparable FY 16 level and $716.8 million below the comparable 
budget request.
    We are encouraged that $457.2 million is provided for the 
Executive Office for Immigration Review (EOIR), which is $34.9 
million above FY 2016 and $29 million above the request. The 
increase would allow EOIR to hire 25 additional judge teams and 
improve infrastructure. Unfortunately, funding is not provided 
for direct representation for minors or to expand the help desk 
and Legal Orientation Program These efforts are essential to 
both efficient operations of the courts and ensuring fair 
outcomes for individuals in immigration proceedings.
    Increases above the FY 2016 level for Federal law 
enforcement and the Office of U.S. Attorneys will allow for 
continued efforts to conduct investigations, protect national 
security, and litigate civil and criminal cases. For Federal 
Bureau of Investigation (FBI), Salaries and Expenses, $8.8 
billion is provided, an increase of $279 million above FY 2016 
and $50 million above the request. This funding will allow the 
FBI to hire additional examiners to conduct firearms background 
checks.
    We are pleased that the bill provides $73 million for 
grants to improve the submission of records to the National 
Instant Criminal Background Check System, an increase of $18 
million above the request and the same as the FY 2016 level. 
Furthermore, the bill provides $75 million for the 
Comprehensive School Safety Initiative, the same level of 
funding as proposed in the President's budget and provided last 
year. This funding will continue to support research and to 
help schools implement evidence-based approaches to improving 
school safety.
    For the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives 
(ATF), the bill provides $1.26 billion, an increase of $17.8 
million above FY 2016, though $48.3 million below the request. 
While this amount covers inflationary expenses, it does not 
fund the President's request for 80 additional ATF special 
agents and 120 additional Industry Operations Investigators. 
These initiatives, which were part of the President's executive 
actions to combat gun violence, are designed to reduce gun 
violence by broadening agent enforcement efforts and by 
enhancing inspection coverage of the steadily increasing number 
of firearms licensees.
    We are pleased that many important grant programs are 
protected through level funding or increases, including the 
State Criminal Alien Assistance Program, Crime Victims Fund 
programs, the Byrne-JAG formula grant program, the Justice 
Reinvestment Initiative, the Youth Mentoring program, the 
Community Trust Initiative, the Drug Court program, the DNA 
Initiative, and the Office on Violence Against Women grant 
programs. The inclusion of $45 million for Community Teams to 
Reduce the Sexual Assault Kit Backlog as well as $45 million 
for Victims of Trafficking Grants is especially noteworthy. 
However, we are concerned with the competition between victims' 
services and task forces and would prefer a more balanced 
approach. In addition, moving the Victims of Trafficking Grants 
program into the Violence Against Women program area creates 
the illusion of an increase above the Administration's request. 
We oppose a cut to the wrongful conviction review grant 
program, and we would like additional resources for this 
program as the process moves forward.
    Finally, while we are pleased with the inclusion of tribal 
grant funding, we would have preferred the Administration's 
proposal for a set-aside.
    Moreover, the bill cuts overall state and local grant 
programs at DOJ by a massive $182 million below the comparable 
FY 2016 enacted level and $57.5 million below the President's 
request.
    Several important grant programs are eliminated entirely, 
including Coverdell Forensic Science grants, the Children 
Exposed to Violence Initiative, and the John R. Justice grant 
program.
    Juvenile Justice programs overall are decimated, with a cut 
of $85.9 million below FY 2016 and $150.2 million below the 
request. This includes the elimination of the Community-Based 
Violence Initiative, the National Forum on Youth Violence, Part 
B formula grants, the Local Delinquency Prevention Incentive 
grant program, the Children of Incarcerated Parents program, 
Tribal Youth program, and a program targeting girls in the 
justice system. These eliminations would have severe 
consequences for at-risk and disadvantaged youth as well as 
those who depend on these resources to improve outcomes for 
these young people.
    The most egregious of these cuts is the elimination of the 
Community Oriented Policing Services (COPS) hiring program. 
This important public safety program is cut by $186 million 
below FY 2016 and $229 million below the request. Had it been 
funded at the request, this program would have provided for the 
hiring of over 1,200 new law enforcement professionals. Overall 
funding for the COPS account creates yet another misleading 
illusion; of the $299 million, $258 million is for programs not 
administered by the COPS office. Programs funded or requested 
in other accounts were moved into the COPS account to create 
the appearance of increased funding While Byrne-JAG funding can 
be used for hiring, that is only one of many allowable uses; 
the program is not intended to target the hiring of new 
officers.
    We are disappointed that many of the Administration's 
proposed new grant programs were not funded in the bill. These 
initiatives would seek to improve equal access to justice and 
support better police-community relations, among other 
activities. Moving forward, funding for these and other 
important programs should be included in the final FY 2017 CJS 
Appropriations Act.

                                SCIENCE

    The Committee is to be commended for making National 
Science Foundation (NSF) grant funding a priority. The NSF 
Research and Related Activities account receives $6.08 billion, 
$46 million above FY 2016 and the same as the request. NSF 
overall receives $7.4 billion, $57 million below FY 2016 and 
$158 million below the request. NSF funds research in new 
frontiers of scientific inquiry and helps create a highly 
skilled, globally-competitive workforce in science and 
engineering. The U.S. must maintain its leadership position in 
scientific research and education, and NSF is critical to this 
endeavor. We appreciate the lack of language specifying 
directorate-level funding. As the process moves forward, we 
intend to work to increase NSF funding in the final FY 2017 CJS 
bill, especially for research grants.
    The bill provides a healthy overall total of $19.5 billion 
for the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), 
$223 million above FY 2016. The $712 million for the 
Aeronautics account, $72 million above the FY 2016 level, would 
allow NASA to support much of the research needed to develop 
the next generation of aircraft to remain competitive in an 
increasingly flight-dependent world. This includes developing 
low boom supersonic jets, solar electric aircraft, and highly 
fuel-efficient aircraft. The Science Mission Directorate as a 
whole receives very strong funding, and we are pleased that the 
Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy receives both 
$85.2 million and Committee support against actions leading to 
a premature shutdown. However, we are greatly concerned about 
the huge cut to Earth Science, which is slashed by $231 million 
below FY 2016 and by $342.2 million below the request. Research 
in Earth Science ultimately helps to protect lives, businesses, 
and infrastructure.
    NASA Space Technology receives a healthy $739.2 million, 
but the set-asides included in report language will limit 
NASA's ability to execute the technology development efforts as 
specified in NASA's budget request. We are pleased to see 
language supporting commercial, academic, and international 
partnerships to study lunar geology and in-situ water resources 
on the moon.
    Regarding the White House Office of Science and Technology 
Policy, we appreciate the inclusion of report language on the 
subject of Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics 
(STEM) Education. With the ultimate goal to make the many 
excellent STEM programs and materials funded by federal dollars 
more accessible to each and every student, teacher, school, and 
state, we are pleased to have language directing a report 
covering the costs and logistics of creating a unified online 
portal for all Federal STEM education-related programs and 
materials.

                            RELATED AGENCIES

    The Office of the U.S. Trade Representative (USTR) receives 
$65 million, a strong increase of $10.5 million above FY 2016, 
targeted at trade enforcement efforts.
    However, the Legal Services Corporation (LSC) is 
irresponsibly cut by $35 million below the FY 2016 level of 
$385 million, when it should have received an increase. The 
final FY 2016 CJS Act provided a $10 million increase above FY 
2015. The President recognized the need for additional funding 
by recommending $425 million for FY 2017 for the LSC. The 
harmful cut in the Committee bill must be reversed.

                        IRRESPONSIBLE GUN RIDERS

    We continued to be extremely troubled by the inclusion of 
gun-related riders, including one that would effectively 
prevent the enforcement of an existing requirement that Federal 
firearms licensees (FFLs) in four southwest border states 
report to the National Tracing Center on the sale of certain 
kinds of semi-automatic rifles favored by Mexican drug cartels. 
This reporting requirement is narrow and targeted, applying 
only to the four border states (Texas, Arizona, New Mexico and 
California), and only when a dealer sells two or more 
qualifying long guns to a single individual within five 
business days. Qualifying guns are rifles that (1) are semi-
automatic; (2) are greater than .22 caliber; and (3) can hold a 
detachable magazine. It does not apply to shotguns or the vast 
majority of rifles regularly used for hunting or sporting 
purposes.
    This reporting requirement is identical to one that has 
existed for decades for handguns, and in no way does it hinder 
the ability of any law-abiding person to purchase as many 
rifles as he or she desires. It is not an undue burden on FFLs, 
with the time to complete a multiple sales form estimated at 12 
minutes and an estimated annual cost in employee time of only 
$16.
    This very limited reporting requirement has proven to be an 
important tool for Federal law enforcement in the effort to 
uncover illegal trafficking operations intended to supply semi-
automatic weapons to violent drug gangs across the border. 
According to the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms, and 
Explosives (ATF), these multiple sales reports have thus far 
led to more than 300 defendants recommended for prosecution, 
including both alleged straw purchasers and others farther up 
the firearms trafficking chain. Also according to ATF, the 
reporting requirement is forcing firearms traffickers to change 
tactics, making straw purchases more difficult and serving as a 
deterrent for many people who might have engaged in straw 
purchasing in the past.
    This is not about restricting gun ownership or compiling a 
registry of long gun owners. Information that does not become 
part of a trafficking investigation is purged from ATF records 
within two years. This is a law enforcement response to the 
evidence from successful tracings of weapons recovered in 
Mexico. These tracings show that a large number of these 
weapons were initially sold by licensed gun dealers in 
California, Arizona, New Mexico, or Texas.
    In 2013, a unanimous panel of the U.S. Court of Appeals for 
the Fifth Circuit affirmed an earlier court finding that 
Federal law ``unambiguously authorizes''' this reporting 
requirement. This Committee simply has no business in tying the 
hands of law enforcement agencies as they attempt to carry out 
Federal law.

                        OTHER PROBLEMATIC RIDERS

    We are also concerned about other inappropriate riders that 
do not belong in this bill, including ones that would undermine 
the Endangered Species Act with respect to certain endangered 
fish in California, as well as a rider that would block the 
transition of certain Internet domain name system functions to 
a multi-stakeholder process, even though this transition has 
been supported in principle by every Presidential 
administration since 1998.
    The bill also contains two riders that restrict U.S. policy 
on Cuba. The first appears to effectively target certain 
categories of U.S. exports authorized by the Obama 
Administration as part of its policy shift on Cuba. The 
provision would restrict or even prevent exports that would 
otherwise go toward improving the lives of ordinary Cubans 
working in the private sector. The second rider places 
restrictions on PTO's ability to issue trademarks to Cuban 
nationals, even in cases in which a specific license from the 
Treasury Department's Office of Foreign Assets Control has been 
issued. The provision would additionally create significant 
administrative burden on PTO.
    We are troubled that a provision was included which would 
prohibit the Department of Justice from funding an activity to 
combat financial fraud called ``Operation Choke Point.'' The 
investigation targeted financial fraud by investigating and 
prosecuting financial services providers that processed 
fraudulent transactions.
    We are disappointed that a provision was included 
prohibiting DOJ from negotiating or concluding civil 
settlements that require the defendant to make a payment to an 
organization or individual that is not a party to the lawsuit. 
This has potential impact on a wide variety of civil 
settlements, including environmental and mortgage fraud cases, 
among others.

                          COMMITTEE AMENDMENTS

    We are pleased that the amendment to provide a dedicated 
funding level of 5% from the Crime Victims Fund for tribal 
purposes was adopted. The Federal Government has provided 
significant support to crime victim services programs across 
the country However, as is too often the case, Indian Country 
has largely been left out of this effort. Crime victims on 
tribal lands still struggle to access even the most basic 
services. This amendment begins to remedy this inequity by 
directing funding from the Crime Victims Fund to tribal 
governments.
    We are disappointed that the Committee did not adopt the 
Lowey amendment to allow the Department of Justice to block the 
sales of firearms to persons known or suspected to be engaged 
in conduct related to terrorism. Currently, Federal law 
prohibits nine categories of dangerous people from purchasing 
or owning firearms. However, Federal law does not allow the 
Attorney General the discretion to block a firearms purchase to 
an individual on a terror watch list. There have been 
consequences. On November 5, 2009, 13 people were shot and 
killed and 30 others wounded by Nidal Hasan, who was able to 
pass a background check and buy a handgun even though he was 
under investigation by the FBI for links to terrorism. We 
believe that allowing the Attorney General the discretion to 
block these purchases is a commonsense approach that should be 
widely supported.
    A disappointing amendment was adopted prohibiting the Equal 
Employment Opportunity Commission from moving forward with a 
policy change aimed at collecting additional pay information 
from employers. This data, combined with other information 
available to the agency, would be used in conducting 
investigations. This data will help fill a significant void in 
the information we need to ensure that American workers are 
paid fairly for their hard work, and it would help employers 
evaluate their own pay practices so they can prevent pay 
discrimination in their workplaces.
    We are troubled by the adoption of an amendment on state 
sovereignty. The amendment offered by the Chairman to his own 
mark is ambiguous and unclear. We are uncertain as to what, if 
any, effect the provision would have. It is possible that the 
amendment could provide a new cause of action or remedy for 
states--although it is far from clear what for and against 
whom. It is likely that time-consuming and costly litigation 
over the meaning of this provision will ensue.

                               CONCLUSION

    In spite of all our concerns, we would like to reiterate 
our appreciation for Chairman Culberson's work with us on a 
number of issues. Within the constraints facing the bill, it 
does fund a number of the interests we have expressed. However, 
the shortcomings in this and other appropriations bills are 
many and very real. It is our firm hope that we can work 
together to find a path forward that will allow all of the FY 
2017 Appropriations bills to be sufficiently funded without 
damaging riders. We look forward to working with the Chairman 
and the Members of this Committee to advance the process.
                                   Nita M. Lowey.
                                   Michael M. Honda.