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114th Congress   }                                   {   Rept. 114-721
                        HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
 2d Session      }                                   {          Part 1


                               NATIVE ACT


 September 6, 2016.--Committed to the Committee of the Whole House on 
            the State of the Union and ordered to be printed


Mr. Bishop of Utah, from the Committee on Natural Resources, submitted 
                             the following

                              R E P O R T

                         [To accompany S. 1579]

      [Including cost estimate of the Congressional Budget Office]

    The Committee on Natural Resources, to whom was referred 
the bill (S. 1579) to enhance and integrate Native American 
tourism, empower Native American communities, increase 
coordination and collaboration between Federal tourism assets, 
and expand heritage and cultural tourism opportunities in the 
United States, having considered the same, report favorably 
thereon without amendment and recommend that the bill do pass.

                          PURPOSE OF THE BILL

    The purpose of S. 1579 is to enhance and integrate Native 
American tourism, empower Native American communities, increase 
coordination and collaboration between Federal tourism assets, 
and expand heritage and cultural tourism opportunities in the 
United States.


    During the first six months of 2015, the Department of 
Commerce estimated there were over 36 million overseas 
travelers to the United States. One out of 18 Americans is 
employed by a travel or tourism related business.\1\
    \1\2015 Top Markets Report Travel and Tourism: A Market Assessment 
Tool for U.S. Exports. Department of Commerce, International Trade 
Administration, Industry & Analysis (2015) at 3.
    In 2014, tourism in the United States was a $221 billion 
industry.\2\ The American Indian and Alaska Native Tourism 
Association cite a growing interest in Indian Country as a 
tourist destination. According to the Department of Commerce 
surveys, more than 1.65 million overseas travelers visited 
Indian Country in 2014, an increase of ten percent from 2013, 
with most travelers coming from China, the United Kingdom, and 
    \2\U.S. Department of Commerce, International Trade Administration, 
National Travel & Tourism Office (2015). Accessed at: http://
    Many Native-owned businesses and tribes use cultural 
tourism as an economic development strategy. For example, the 
Chickasaw Nation owns and operates the Chickasaw Cultural 
Center, which has been an integral part of tourism in the state 
of Oklahoma. In addition, tribes like the Standing Rock Sioux 
Tribe conduct hundreds of tours on their reservations annually.
    S. 1579 is intended to enhance Native American tourism 
through better coordination and collaboration among federal 
agencies that have tourism programs, without authorizing any 
new appropriations. The bill is supported by the National 
Congress of American Indians, the U.S. Chamber of Commerce, the 
Inter-Tribal Council of the Five-Civilized Tribes, the American 
Indian Alaska Native Tourism Association and others.

                            COMMITTEE ACTION

    S. 1579 was introduced on June 16, 2015, by Senator Brian 
Schatz (D-HI). It passed the Senate with an amendment by 
unanimous consent on April 25, 2016. The bill was referred to 
the Committee on Natural Resources, and within the Committee to 
the Subcommittee on Indian, Insular and Alaska Native Affairs. 
In addition, the bill was referred to the Committees on Energy 
and Commerce and House Administration. On July 12, 2016, the 
Natural Resources Committee met to consider the bill. The 
Subcommittee was discharged by unanimous consent. No amendments 
were offered and the bill was ordered favorably reported by 
unanimous consent on July 13, 2016.


    Regarding clause 2(b)(1) of rule X and clause 3(c)(1) of 
rule XIII of the Rules of the House of Representatives, the 
Committee on Natural Resources' oversight findings and 
recommendations are reflected in the body of this report.


    1. Cost of Legislation and Section 308(a) of the 
Congressional Budget Act. With respect to the requirements of 
clause 3(c)(2) and (3) of rule XIII of the Rules of the House 
of Representatives and sections 308(a) and 402 of the 
Congressional Budget Act of 1974, the Committee has received 
the enclosed cost estimate for the bill from the Director of 
the Congressional Budget Office:

                                     U.S. Congress,
                               Congressional Budget Office,
                                     Washington, DC, July 29, 2016.
Hon. Rob Bishop,
Chairman, Committee on Natural Resources,
House of Representatives, Washington, DC.
    Dear Mr. Chairman: The Congressional Budget Office has 
prepared the enclosed cost estimate for S. 1579, the NATIVE 
    If you wish further details on this estimate, we will be 
pleased to provide them. The CBO staff contact is Robert Reese.
                                                        Keith Hall.

S. 1579--NATIVE Act

    S. 1579 would direct the Secretaries of Commerce and the 
Interior and other federal agencies that administer programs 
related to recreation and tourism to update existing plans to 
promote tourism among Indian communities. The bill would 
require those Secretaries to report to the Congress on efforts 
to support Indian tribes' tourism-related programs and clarify 
that tribal organizations are eligible to use certain federal 
grants for such purposes.
    Based on information from the Bureau of Indian Affairs and 
other affected agencies about the extent of existing efforts to 
promote tourism on tribal lands, CBO estimates that enacting S. 
1579 would not significantly affect the federal budget. Because 
tourism-related plans and programs administered by most federal 
agencies already address such efforts, CBO expects that any 
costs incurred by agencies to modify those plans and programs 
to meet the specific requirements of S. 1579 would not exceed 
$500,000; any such increase in spending would be subject to the 
availability of appropriated funds.
    In addition CBO expects that enacting S. 1579 could 
increase direct spending for other entities with mandatory 
funding authority, such as the Corporation for Travel 
Promotion. Because the bill could affect direct spending, pay-
as-you-go procedures apply; however, CBO estimates that any 
such effects would be negligible. Enacting S. 1579 would not 
affect revenues.
    CBO estimates that enacting S. 1579 would not increase net 
direct spending or on-budget deficits by more than $5 billion 
in any of the next four consecutive 10-year periods beginning 
in 2027.
    S. 1579 contains no intergovernmental or private-sector 
mandates as defined in the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act.
    On November 13, 2015, CBO transmitted a cost estimate for 
S. 1579 as ordered reported by the Senate Committee on Indian 
Affairs on October 7, 2015. The two versions of S. 1579 are 
similar and CBO's estimates of the budgetary effects are the 
    The CBO staff contact for this estimate is Robert Reese. 
The estimate was approved by H. Samuel Papenfuss, Deputy 
Assistant Director for Budget Analysis.
    2. General Performance Goals and Objectives. As required by 
clause 3(c)(4) of Rule XIII, the general performance goal or 
objective of this bill is to enhance and integrate Native 
American tourism, empower Native American communities, increase 
coordination and collaboration between Federal tourism assets, 
and expand heritage and cultural tourism opportunities in the 
United States.

                           EARMARK STATEMENT

    This bill does not contain any Congressional earmarks, 
limited tax benefits, or limited tariff benefits as defined 
under clause 9(e), 9(f), and 9(g) of Rule XXI of the Rules of 
the House of Representatives.

                    COMPLIANCE WITH PUBLIC LAW 104-4

    This bill contains no unfunded mandates.

                       COMPLIANCE WITH H. RES. 5

    Directed Rule Making. The Chairman does not believe that 
this bill directs any executive branch official to conduct any 
specific rule-making proceedings.
    Duplication of Existing Programs. This bill does not 
establish or reauthorize a program of the federal government 
known to be duplicative of another program. Such program was 
not included in any report from the Government Accountability 
Office to Congress pursuant to section 21 of Public Law 111-139 
or identified in the most recent Catalog of Federal Domestic 
Assistance published pursuant to the Federal Program 
Information Act (Public Law 95-220, as amended by Public Law 
98-169) as relating to other programs.


    This bill is not intended to preempt any State, local or 
tribal law.

                        CHANGES IN EXISTING LAW

    This bill makes no changes to existing law.