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114th Congress   }                                      {        Report
                        HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
 2d Session      }                                      {       114-840
_______________________________________________________________________

                                     



        NATIONAL DEFENSE AUTHORIZATION ACT FOR FISCAL YEAR 2017


                               ----------                              


                           CONFERENCE REPORT

                              to accompany

                                S. 2943



                                     

[GRAPHIC(S) NOT AVAILABLE IN TIFF FORMAT]

                                     



               November 30, 2016.--Ordered to be printed
















     
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
114th Congress   }                                      {        Report
                        HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
 2d Session      }                                      {       114-840
_______________________________________________________________________

                                     



        NATIONAL DEFENSE AUTHORIZATION ACT FOR FISCAL YEAR 2017


                               __________


                           CONFERENCE REPORT

                              to accompany

                                S. 2943




                                     
[GRAPHIC(S) NOT AVAILABLE IN TIFF FORMAT]

                                     



               November 30, 2016.--Ordered to be printed
                                   ______

                         U.S. GOVERNMENT PUBLISHING OFFICE 

22-492                         WASHINGTON : 2016 





               
               
               
               
               
               
               
               
               
               
               
               
               
               
               
               
               
               
               
                            C O N T E N T S

                              ----------                              

CONFERENCE REPORT................................................     1
JOINT EXPLANATORY STATEMENT OF THE COMMITTEE OF CONFERENCE.......   975
    Compliance with rules of the House of Representatives and 
      Senate regarding earmarks and congressionally directed 
      spending items.............................................   975
    Summary of discretionary authorizations and budget authority 
      implication................................................   975
    Budgetary effects of this Act (sec. 4).......................   976
DIVISION A--DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE AUTHORIZATIONS.................   976
TITLE I--PROCUREMENT.............................................   976
    Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations..................   976
        Authorization of appropriations (sec. 101)...............   976
    Subtitle B--Army Programs....................................   976
        Multiyear procurement authority for AH-64E Apache 
          helicopters (sec. 111).................................   976
        Multiyear procurement authority for UH-60M and HH-60M 
          Black Hawk helicopters (sec. 112)......................   976
        Distributed Common Ground System-Army increment 1 (sec. 
          113)...................................................   977
        Assessment of certain capabilities of the Department of 
          the Army (sec. 114)....................................   977
    Subtitle C--Navy Programs....................................   978
        Determination of vessel delivery dates (sec. 121)........   978
        Incremental funding for detail design and construction of 
          LHA replacement ship designated LHA 8 (sec. 122).......   978
        Littoral Combat Ship (sec. 123)..........................   978
        Limitation on use of sole-source shipbuilding contracts 
          for certain vessels (sec. 124).........................   979
        Limitation on availability of funds for the Advanced 
          Arresting Gear Program (sec. 125)......................   979
        Limitation on availability of funds for procurement of 
          U.S.S. Enterprise (CVN-80) (sec. 126)..................   980
        Sense of Congress on aircraft carrier procurement 
          schedules (sec. 127)...................................   980
        Report on P-8 Poseidon aircraft (sec. 128)...............   981
        Design and construction of replacement dock landing ship 
          designated LX(R) or amphibious transport dock 
          designated LPD-29 (sec. 129)...........................   981
    Subtitle D--Air Force Programs...............................   981
        EC-130H Compass Call recapitalization program (sec. 131).   981
        Repeal of requirement to preserve certain retired C-5 
          aircraft (sec. 132)....................................   982
        Repeal of requirement to preserve F-117 aircraft in 
          recallable condition (sec. 133)........................   982
        Prohibition on availability of funds for retirement of A-
          10 aircraft (sec. 134).................................   982
        Limitation on availability of funds for destruction of A-
          10 aircraft in storage status (sec. 135)...............   983
        Prohibition on availability of funds for retirement of 
          Joint Surveillance Target Attack Radar System aircraft 
          (sec. 136).............................................   983
        Elimination of annual report on aircraft inventory (sec. 
          137)...................................................   983
    Subtitle E--Defense-Wide, Joint, and Multiservice Matters....   983
        Standardization of 5.56mm rifle ammunition (sec. 141)....   983
        Fire suppressant and fuel containment standards for 
          certain vehicles (sec. 142)............................   984
        Limitation on availability of funds for destruction of 
          certain cluster munitions (sec. 143)...................   984
        Report on Department of Defense munitions strategy for 
          the combatant commands (sec. 144)......................   984
        Modifications to reporting on use of combat mission 
          requirements funds (sec. 145)..........................   985
        Report on alternative management structures for the F-35 
          joint strike fighter program (sec. 146)................   985
        Comptroller General review of F-35 Lightning II aircraft 
          sustainment support (sec. 147).........................   985
        Briefing on acquisition strategy for Ground Mobility 
          Vehicle (sec. 148).....................................   985
        Study and report on optimal mix of aircraft capabilities 
          for the Armed Forces (sec. 149)........................   985
    Legislative Provisions Not Adopted...........................   986
        Funding for surface-to-air missile system................   986
        Procurement authority for aircraft carrier programs......   986
        Ship to shore connector program..........................   986
        Limitation on availability of funds for Tactical Combat 
          Training System Increment II...........................   986
        Prohibition on availability of funds for retirement of U-
          2 aircraft.............................................   987
        Medium Altitude Intelligence, Surveillance, and 
          Reconnaissance Aircraft................................   987
TITLE II--RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT, TEST, AND EVALUATION............   988
    Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations..................   988
        Authorization of appropriations (sec. 201)...............   988
    Subtitle B--Program Requirements, Restrictions, and 
      Limitations................................................   988
        Laboratory quality enhancement program (sec. 211)........   988
        Modification of mechanisms to provide funds for defense 
          laboratories for research and development of 
          technologies for military missions (sec. 212)..........   988
        Making permanent authority for defense research and 
          development rapid innovation program (sec. 213)........   989
        Authorization for National Defense University and Defense 
          Acquisition University to enter into cooperative 
          research and development agreements (sec. 214).........   989
        Manufacturing Engineering Education Grant Program (sec. 
          215)...................................................   989
        Notification requirement for certain rapid prototyping, 
          experimentation, and demonstration activities (sec. 
          216)...................................................   989
        Increased micro-purchase threshold for research programs 
          and entities (sec. 217)................................   989
        Improved biosafety for handling of select agents and 
          toxins (sec. 218)......................................   990
        Designation of Department of Defense senior official with 
          principal responsibility for directed energy weapons 
          (sec. 219).............................................   990
        Restructuring of the distributed common ground system of 
          the Army (sec. 220)....................................   991
        Limitation on availability of funds for countering 
          weapons of mass destruction system Constellation (sec. 
          221)...................................................   991
        Limitation on availability of funds for Defense 
          Innovation Unit Experimental (sec. 222)................   991
        Limitation on availability of funds for Joint 
          Surveillance Target Attack Radar System (JSTARS) 
          Recapitalization Program (sec. 223)....................   993
        Acquisition program baseline and annual reports on 
          follow-on modernization program for F-35 Joint Strike 
          Fighter (sec. 224).....................................   993
    Subtitle C--Reports and Other Matters........................   993
        Strategy for assured access to trusted microelectronics 
          (sec. 231).............................................   993
        Pilot program on evaluation of commercial information 
          technology (sec. 232)..................................   993
        Pilot program for the enhancement of the research, 
          development, test, and evaluation centers of the 
          Department of Defense (sec. 233).......................   994
        Pilot program on modernization and fielding of 
          electromagnetic spectrum warfare systems and electronic 
          warfare capabilities (sec. 234)........................   994
        Pilot program on disclosure of certain sensitive 
          information to federally funded research and 
          development centers (sec. 235).........................   995
        Pilot program on enhanced interaction between the Defense 
          Advanced Research Projects Agency and the service 
          academies (sec. 236)...................................   995
        Independent review of F/A-18 physiological episodes and 
          corrective actions (sec. 237)..........................   995
        B-21 bomber development program accountability matrices 
          (sec. 238).............................................   995
        Study on helicopter crash prevention and mitigation 
          technology (sec. 239)..................................   996
        Strategy for Improving Electronic and Electromagnetic 
          Spectrum Warfare Capabilities (sec. 240)...............   996
        Sense of Congress on development and fielding of fifth 
          generation airborne systems (sec. 241).................   996
    Legislative Provisions Not Adopted...........................   996
        Report on cost of B-21 aircraft..........................   996
TITLE III--OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE.............................   997
    Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations..................   997
        Authorization of appropriations (sec. 301)...............   997
    Subtitle B--Energy and the Environment.......................   997
        Modified reporting requirement related to installations 
          energy management (sec. 311)...........................   997
        Waiver authority for alternative fuel procurement 
          requirement (sec. 312).................................   997
        Utility data management for military facilities (sec. 
          313)...................................................   997
        Alternative technologies for munitions disposal (sec. 
          314)...................................................   998
        Report on efforts to reduce high energy costs at military 
          installations (sec. 315)...............................   998
        Sense of Congress on funding decisions relating to 
          climate change (sec. 316)..............................   998
    Subtitle C--Logistics and Sustainment........................   999
        Revision of deployability rating system and planning 
          reform (sec. 321)......................................   999
        Revision of guidance related to corrosion control and 
          prevention executives (sec. 322).......................   999
        Pilot program for inclusion of certain industrial plants 
          in the Armament Retooling and Manufacturing Support 
          Initiative (sec. 323)..................................   999
        Repair, recapitalization, and certification of dry docks 
          at naval shipyards (sec. 324)..........................   999
        Private sector port loading assessment (sec. 325)........  1000
        Strategy on revitalizing Army organic industrial base 
          (sec. 326).............................................  1000
    Subtitle D--Reports..........................................  1000
        Modifications to Quarterly Readiness Report to Congress 
          (sec. 331).............................................  1000
        Report on average travel costs of members of the reserve 
          components (sec. 332)..................................  1000
        Report on HH-60G sustainment and Combat Rescue Helicopter 
          program (sec. 333).....................................  1001
    Subtitle E--Other Matters....................................  1001
        Air navigation matters (sec. 341)........................  1001
        Contract working dogs (sec. 342).........................  1001
        Plan, funding documents, and management review relating 
          to explosive ordnance disposal (sec. 343)..............  1001
        Process for communicating availability of surplus 
          ammunition (sec. 344)..................................  1002
        Mitigation of risks posed by window coverings with 
          accessible cords in certain military housing units 
          (sec. 345).............................................  1002
        Access to military installations by transportation 
          companies (sec. 346)...................................  1002
        Access to wireless high-speed Internet and network 
          connections for certain members of the Armed Forces 
          (sec. 347).............................................  1002
        Limitation on availability of funds for Office of the 
          Under Secretary of Defense for Intelligence (sec. 348).  1003
        Limitation on development and fielding of new camouflage 
          and utility uniforms (sec. 349)........................  1003
        Plan for improved dedicated adversary air training 
          enterprise of the Air Force (sec. 350).................  1003
        Independent review and assessment of the Ready Aircrew 
          Program of the Air Force (sec. 351)....................  1003
        Study on space-available travel system of the Department 
          of Defense (sec. 352)..................................  1004
        Evaluation of motor carrier safety performance and safety 
          technology (sec. 353)..................................  1004
    Legislative Provisions Not Adopted...........................  1004
        Increase in funding for civil military programs..........  1004
        Linear LED lamps.........................................  1004
        Production and use of natural gas at Fort Knox...........  1005
        Sense of Congress on perfluorinated chemicals............  1005
        Limitation on availability of funds for Defense Contract 
          Management Agency......................................  1005
        Repurposing and reuse of surplus military firearms.......  1005
        STARBASE Program.........................................  1006
        Explosive Ordnance Disposal Corps........................  1006
        Development of personal protective equipment for female 
          Marines and soldiers...................................  1006
        Supply of specialty motors from certain manufacturers....  1007
        Briefing on well-drilling capabilities of active duty and 
          reserve components.....................................  1007
        Increase in funding for National Guard counter-drug 
          programs...............................................  1007
TITLE IV--MILITARY PERSONNEL AUTHORIZATIONS......................  1007
    Subtitle A--Active Forces....................................  1007
        End strength for active forces (sec. 401)................  1007
        Revisions in permanent active duty end strength minimum 
          levels (sec. 402)......................................  1008
    Subtitle B--Reserve Forces...................................  1008
        End strengths for Selected Reserve (sec. 411)............  1008
        End strengths for Reserves on active duty in support of 
          the reserves (sec. 412)................................  1009
        End strengths for military technicians (dual status) 
          (sec. 413).............................................  1009
        Fiscal year 2017 limitation on number of non-dual status 
          technicians (sec. 414).................................  1010
        Maximum number of reserve personnel authorized to be on 
          active duty for operational support (sec. 415).........  1010
        Technical corrections to annual authorization for 
          personnel strengths (sec. 416).........................  1011
    Subtitle C--Authorization of Appropriations..................  1011
        Military personnel (sec. 421)............................  1011
    Legislative Provisions Not Adopted...........................  1011
        Sense of Congress on full-time support for the Army 
          National Guard.........................................  1011
TITLE V--MILITARY PERSONNEL POLICY...............................  1011
    Subtitle A--Officer Personnel Policy.........................  1011
        Reduction in number of general and flag officers on 
          active duty and authorized end strength after December 
          31, 2022, of such general and flag officers (sec. 501).  1011
        Repeal of statutory specification of general or flag 
          officer grade for various positions in the Armed Forces 
          (sec. 502).............................................  1013
        Number of Marine Corps general officers (sec. 503).......  1014
        Promotion eligibility period for officers whose 
          confirmation of appointment is delayed due to 
          nonavailability to the Senate of probative information 
          under control of non-Department of Defense agencies 
          (sec. 504).............................................  1014
        Continuation of certain officers on active duty without 
          regard to requirement for retirement for years of 
          service (sec. 505).....................................  1014
        Equal consideration of officers for early retirement or 
          discharge (sec. 506)...................................  1014
        Modification of authority to drop from rolls a 
          commissioned officer (sec. 507)........................  1015
        Extension of force management authorities allowing 
          enhanced flexibility for officer personnel management 
          (sec. 508).............................................  1015
        Pilot programs on direct commissions to cyber positions 
          (sec. 509).............................................  1015
        Length of joint duty assignments (sec. 510)..............  1016
        Revision of definitions used for joint officer management 
          (sec. 510A)............................................  1016
    Subtitle B--Reserve Component Management.....................  1016
        Authority for temporary waiver of limitation on term of 
          service of Vice Chief of the National Guard Bureau 
          (sec. 511).............................................  1016
        Rights and protections available to military technicians 
          (sec. 512).............................................  1016
        Inapplicability of certain laws to National Guard 
          technicians performing Active Guard and Reserve duty 
          (sec. 513).............................................  1017
        Extension of removal of restrictions on the transfer of 
          officers between the active and inactive National Guard 
          (sec. 514).............................................  1017
        Extension of temporary authority to use Air Force reserve 
          component personnel to provide training and instruction 
          regarding pilot training (sec. 515)....................  1017
        Expansion of eligibility for deputy commander of 
          combatant command having United States among geographic 
          area of responsibility to include officers of the 
          Reserves (sec. 516)....................................  1017
    Subtitle C--General Service Authorities......................  1018
        Matters relating to provision of leave for members of the 
          Armed Forces, including prohibition on leave not 
          expressly authorized by law (sec. 521).................  1018
        Transfer of provision relating to expenses incurred in 
          connection with leave canceled due to contingency 
          operations (sec. 522)..................................  1019
        Expansion of authority to execute certain military 
          instruments (sec. 523).................................  1019
        Medical examination before administrative separation for 
          members with post-traumatic stress disorder or 
          traumatic brain injury in connection with sexual 
          assault (sec. 524).....................................  1020
        Reduction of tenure on the temporary disability retired 
          list (sec. 525)........................................  1020
        Technical correction to voluntary separation pay and 
          benefits (sec. 526)....................................  1020
        Consolidation of Army marketing and pilot program on 
          consolidated Army recruiting (sec. 527)................  1020
    Subtitle D--Member Whistleblower Protections and Correction 
      of Military Records........................................  1021
        Improvements to whistleblower protection procedures (sec. 
          531)...................................................  1021
        Modification of whistleblower protection authorities to 
          restrict contrary findings of prohibited personnel 
          action by the Secretary concerned (sec. 532)...........  1021
        Availability of certain Correction of Military Records 
          and Discharge Review Board information through the 
          Internet (sec. 533)....................................  1021
        Improvements to authorities and procedures for the 
          correction of military records (sec. 534)..............  1022
        Treatment by discharge review boards of claims asserting 
          post-traumatic stress disorder or traumatic brain 
          injury in connection with combat or sexual trauma as a 
          basis for review of discharge (sec. 535)...............  1023
        Comptroller General of the United States review of 
          integrity of Department of Defense whistleblower 
          program (sec. 536).....................................  1023
    Subtitle E--Military Justice and Legal Assistance Matters....  1024
        United States Court of Appeals for the Armed Forces (sec. 
          541)...................................................  1024
        Effective prosecution and defense in courts-martial and 
          pilot programs on professional military justice 
          development for judge advocates (sec. 542).............  1024
        Inclusion in annual reports on sexual assault prevention 
          and response efforts of the Armed Forces of information 
          on complaints of retaliation in connection with reports 
          of sexual assault in the Armed Forces (sec. 543).......  1025
        Extension of the requirement for annual report regarding 
          sexual assaults and coordination with release of Family 
          Advocacy Program report (sec. 544).....................  1026
        Metrics for evaluating the efforts of the Armed Forces to 
          prevent and respond to retaliation in connection with 
          reports of sexual assault in the Armed Forces (sec. 
          545)...................................................  1026
        Training for Department of Defense personnel who 
          investigate claims of retaliation (sec. 546)...........  1026
        Notification to complainants of resolution of 
          investigations into retaliation (sec. 547).............  1026
        Modification of definition of sexual harassment for 
          purposes of investigations by commanding officers of 
          complaints of harassment (sec. 548)....................  1027
        Improved Department of Defense prevention and response to 
          hazing in the Armed Forces (sec. 549)..................  1027
    Subtitle F--National Commission on Military, National, and 
      Public Service.............................................  1028
        Purpose, scope, and definitions (sec. 551)...............  1028
        Preliminary report on purpose and utility of registration 
          system under Military Selective Service Act (sec. 552).  1028
        National Commission on Military, National, and Public 
          Service (sec. 553).....................................  1028
        Commission hearings and meetings (sec. 554)..............  1029
        Principles and procedure for Commission recommendations 
          (sec. 555).............................................  1029
        Executive Director and staff (sec. 556)..................  1030
        Termination of Commission (sec. 557).....................  1030
    Subtitle G--Member Education, Training, Resilience, and 
      Transition.................................................  1030
        Modification of program to assist members of the Armed 
          Forces in obtaining professional credentials (sec. 561)  1030
        Inclusion of alcohol, prescription drug, opioid, and 
          other substance abuse counseling as part of required 
          preseparation counseling (sec. 562)....................  1030
        Inclusion of information in Transition Assistance Program 
          regarding effect of receipt of both veteran disability 
          compensation and voluntary separation pay (sec. 563)...  1031
        Training under Transition Assistance Program on 
          employment opportunities associated with transportation 
          security cards (sec. 564)..............................  1031
        Extension of suicide prevention and resilience program 
          (sec. 565).............................................  1031
        Congressional notification in advance of appointments to 
          service academies (sec. 566)...........................  1031
        Report and guidance regarding Job Training, Employment 
          Skills Training, Apprenticeships, and Internships and 
          SkillBridge initiatives for members of the Armed Forces 
          who are being separated (sec. 567).....................  1032
        Military-to-mariner transition (sec. 568)................  1032
    Subtitle H--Defense Dependents' Education and Military Family 
      Readiness Matters..........................................  1032
        Continuation of authority to assist local educational 
          agencies that benefit dependents of members of the 
          Armed Forces and Department of Defense civilian 
          employees (sec. 571)...................................  1032
        One-year extension of authorities relating to the 
          transition and support of military dependent students 
          to local educational agencies (sec. 572)...............  1033
        Annual notice to members of the Armed Forces regarding 
          child custody protections guaranteed by the 
          Servicemembers Civil Relief Act (sec. 573).............  1033
        Requirement for annual Family Advocacy Program report 
          regarding child abuse and domestic violence (sec. 574).  1033
        Reporting on allegations of child abuse in military 
          families and homes (sec. 575)..........................  1034
        Repeal of Advisory Council on Dependents' Education (sec. 
          576)...................................................  1034
        Support for programs providing camp experience for 
          children of military families (sec. 577)...............  1034
        Comptroller General of the United States assessment and 
          report on Exceptional Family Member Programs (sec. 578)  1034
        Impact aid amendments (sec. 579).........................  1035
    Subtitle I--Decorations and Awards...........................  1035
        Posthumous advancement of Colonel George E. ``Bud'' Day, 
          United States Air Force, on the retired list (sec. 581)  1035
        Authorization for award of medals for acts of valor 
          during certain contingency operations (sec. 582).......  1035
        Authorization for award of the Medal of Honor to Gary M. 
          Rose and James C. McCloughan for acts of valor during 
          the Vietnam War (sec. 583).............................  1036
        Authorization for award of Distinguished Service Cross to 
          First Lieutenant Melvin M. Spruiell for acts of valor 
          during World War II (sec. 584).........................  1036
        Authorization for award of the Distinguished Service 
          Cross to Chaplain (First Lieutenant) Joseph Verbis 
          LaFleur for acts of valor during World War II (sec. 
          585)...................................................  1036
        Review regarding award of Medal of Honor to certain Asian 
          American and Native American Pacific Islander War 
          Veterans (sec. 586)....................................  1036
    Subtitle J--Miscellaneous Reports and Other Matters..........  1037
        Repeal of requirement for a chaplain at the United States 
          Air Force Academy appointed by the President (sec. 591)  1037
        Extension of limitation on reduction in number of 
          military and civilian personnel assigned to duty with 
          service review agencies (sec. 592).....................  1037
        Annual reports on progress of the Army and the Marine 
          Corps in integrating women into military occupational 
          specialties and units recently opened to women (sec. 
          593)...................................................  1037
        Report on feasibility of electronic tracking of 
          operational active-duty service performed by members of 
          the Ready Reserve of the Armed Forces (sec. 594).......  1038
        Report on discharge by warrant officers of pilot and 
          other flight officer positions in the Navy, Marine 
          Corps, and Air Force currently discharged by 
          commissioned officers (sec. 595).......................  1038
        Body mass index test (sec. 596)..........................  1038
        Report on career progression tracks of the Armed Forces 
          for women in combat arms units (sec. 597)..............  1038
    Legislative Provisions Not Adopted...........................  1039
        Temporary suspension of officer grade strength tables....  1039
        Enhanced authority for service credit for experience or 
          advanced education upon original appointment as a 
          commissioned officer...................................  1039
        Authority of promotion boards to recommend officers of 
          particular merit be placed at the top of the promotion 
          list...................................................  1040
        Limitations on ordering selected reserve to active duty 
          for preplanned missions in support of the combatant 
          commands...............................................  1040
        Exemption of military technicians (dual status) from 
          civilian employee furloughs............................  1041
        Authority to designate certain Reserve officers as not to 
          be considered for selection for promotion..............  1041
        Responsibility of Chiefs of Staff of the Armed Forces for 
          standards and qualifications for military specialties 
          within the Armed Forces................................  1041
        Reconciliation of contradictory provisions relating to 
          qualifications for enlistment in the reserve components 
          of the Armed Forces....................................  1041
        Burdens of proof applicable to investigations and reviews 
          related to protected communications of members of the 
          armed forces and prohibited retaliatory actions........  1042
        Discretionary authority for military judges to designate 
          an individual to assume the rights of the victim of an 
          offense under the Uniform Code of Military Justice when 
          the victim is a minor, incompetent, incapacitated, or 
          deceased...............................................  1042
        Appellate standing of victims in enforcing rights of 
          victims under the Uniform Code of Military Justice.....  1042
        Limitation on tuition assistance for off-duty training or 
          education..............................................  1043
        Establishment of ROTC cyber institutes at senior military 
          colleges...............................................  1043
        Access to Department of Defense installations of 
          institutions of higher education providing certain 
          advising and student support services..................  1044
        Employment authority for civilian faculty at certain 
          military department schools............................  1044
        Revision of name on military service record to reflect 
          change in name of a member of the Army, Navy, Air 
          Force, or Marine Corps, after separation from the Armed 
          Forces.................................................  1044
        Direct employment pilot program for members of the 
          National Guard and Reserve.............................  1044
        Prohibition on establishment, maintenance, or support of 
          Senior Reserve Officers' Training Corps units at 
          educational institutions that display the Confederate 
          battle flag............................................  1045
        Report on composition of service academies...............  1045
        Enhanced flexibility in provision of relocation 
          assistance to members of the Armed Forces and their 
          families...............................................  1045
        Background checks for employees of agencies and schools 
          providing elementary and secondary education for 
          Department of Defense dependents.......................  1046
        Authorization for award of the Medal of Honor to Charles 
          S. Kettles for acts of valor during the Vietnam war....  1047
        Burial of cremated remains in Arlington National Cemetery 
          of certain persons whose service is deemed to be active 
          service................................................  1047
        Applicability of Military Selective Service Act to female 
          citizens and persons...................................  1047
        Representation from member of the Armed Forces on boards, 
          councils, and committees making recommendations 
          relating to military personnel issues..................  1047
        Preseparation counseling regarding options for donating 
          brain tissue at time of death for research.............  1048
        Recognition of the expanded service opportunities 
          available to female members of the Armed Forces and the 
          long service of women in the Armed Forces..............  1048
        Sense of Congress regarding plight of male victims of 
          military sexual assault................................  1048
        Sense of Congress regarding section 504 of title 10, 
          United States Code, on existing authority of the 
          Department of Defense to enlist individuals, not 
          otherwise eligible for enlistment, whose enlistment is 
          vital to the national interest.........................  1049
        Protection of Second Amendment rights of military 
          families...............................................  1049
        Pilot program on advanced technology for alcohol abuse 
          prevention.............................................  1049
        Report on availability of college credit for skills 
          acquired during military service.......................  1049
        Atomic veterans service medal............................  1050
        Report on extending protections for student loans for 
          active duty borrowers..................................  1050
        Exclusion of certain reimbursements of medical expenses 
          and other payments from determination of annual income 
          with respect to pensions for veterans and surviving 
          spouses and children of veterans.......................  1050
        Sense of Congress on desirability of service-wide 
          adoption of Gold Star installation access card.........  1050
        Servicemembers' Group Life Insurance.....................  1050
TITLE VI--COMPENSATION AND OTHER PERSONNEL BENEFITS..............  1051
    Subtitle A--Pay and Allowances...............................  1051
        Fiscal year 2017 increase in military basic pay (sec. 
          601)...................................................  1051
        Publication by Department of Defense of actual rates of 
          basic pay payable to members of the Armed Forces by pay 
          grade for annual or other pay periods (sec. 602).......  1051
        Extension of authority to provide temporary increase in 
          rates of basic allowance for housing under certain 
          circumstances (sec. 603)...............................  1051
        Reports on a new single-salary pay system for members of 
          the Armed Forces (sec. 604)............................  1051
    Subtitle B--Bonuses and Special and Incentive Pays...........  1052
        One-year extension of certain bonus and special pay 
          authorities for reserve forces (sec. 611)..............  1052
        One-year extension of certain bonus and special pay 
          authorities for health care professionals (sec. 612)...  1052
        One-year extension of special pay and bonus authorities 
          for nuclear officers (sec. 613)........................  1053
        One-year extension of authorities relating to title 37 
          consolidated special pay, incentive pay, and bonus 
          authorities (sec. 614).................................  1053
        One-year extension of authorities relating to payment of 
          other title 37 bonuses and special pays (sec. 615).....  1053
        Aviation incentive pay and bonus matters (sec. 616)......  1054
        Conforming amendment to consolidation of special pay, 
          incentive pay, and bonus authorities (sec. 617)........  1054
        Technical amendments relating to 2008 consolidation of 
          certain special pay authorities (sec. 618).............  1055
    Subtitle C--Travel and Transportation Allowances.............  1055
        Maximum reimbursement amount for travel expenses of 
          members of the Reserves attending inactive duty 
          training outside of normal commuting distances (sec. 
          621)...................................................  1055
    Subtitle D--Disability Pay, Retired Pay, and Survivor 
      Benefits...................................................  1055
      Part I--Amendments in Connection with Retired Pay Reform...  1055
        Election period for members in the service academies and 
          inactive Reserves to participate in the modernized 
          retirement system (sec. 631)...........................  1055
        Effect of separation of members from the uniformed 
          services on participation in the Thrift Savings Plan 
          (sec. 632).............................................  1055
        Continuation pay for full Thrift Savings Plan members who 
          have completed 8 to 12 years of service (sec. 633).....  1056
        Combat-related special compensation coordinating 
          amendment (sec. 634)...................................  1056
      Part II--Other Matters.....................................  1056
        Use of member's current pay grade and years of service 
          and retired pay cost-of-living adjustments, rather than 
          final retirement pay grade and years of service, in a 
          division of property involving disposable retired pay 
          (sec. 641).............................................  1056
        Equal benefits under Survivor Benefit Plan for survivors 
          of reserve component members who die in the line of 
          duty during inactive-duty training (sec. 642)..........  1057
        Authority to deduct Survivor Benefit Plan premiums from 
          combat-related special compensation when retired pay 
          not sufficient (sec. 643)..............................  1057
        Extension of allowance covering monthly premium for 
          Servicemembers' Group Life Insurance while in certain 
          overseas areas to cover members in any combat zone or 
          overseas direct support area (sec. 644)................  1057
        Authority for payment of pay and allowances and retired 
          and retainer pay pursuant to power of attorney (sec. 
          645)...................................................  1057
        Extension of authority to pay special survivor indemnity 
          allowance under Survivor Benefit Plan (sec. 646).......  1058
        Repeal of obsolete authority for combat-related injury 
          rehabilitation pay (sec. 647)..........................  1058
        Independent assessment of the Survivor Benefit Plan (sec. 
          648)...................................................  1058
    Subtitle E--Commissary and Non-Appropriated Fund 
      Instrumentality Benefits and Operations....................  1058
        Protection and enhancement of access to and savings at 
          commissaries and exchanges (sec. 661)..................  1058
        Acceptance of Military Star Card at commissaries (sec. 
          662)...................................................  1059
    Subtitle F--Other Matters....................................  1060
        Recovery of amounts owed to the United States by members 
          of the uniformed services (sec. 671)...................  1060
        Modification of flat rate per diem requirement for 
          personnel on long-term temporary duty assignments (sec. 
          672)...................................................  1061
    Legislative Provisions Not Adopted...........................  1061
        Sense of the Congress on Roth contributions as default 
          contributions of members of the Armed Forces 
          participating in the Thrift Savings Plan under retired 
          pay reform.............................................  1061
        Sense of the Congress on options for members of the Armed 
          Forces to designate payment of the death gratuity to a 
          trust for a special needs individual...................  1061
        Period for relocation of spouses and dependents of 
          certain members of the Armed Forces undergoing a 
          permanent change of station............................  1061
TITLE VII--HEALTH CARE PROVISIONS................................  1062
    Subtitle A--Reform of TRICARE and Military Health System.....  1062
        TRICARE Select and other TRICARE Reform (sec. 701).......  1062
        Reform of administration of the Defense Health Agency and 
          military medical treatment facilities (sec. 702).......  1064
        Military medical treatment facilities (sec. 703).........  1066
        Access to urgent and primary care under TRICARE program 
          (sec. 704).............................................  1067
        Value-based purchasing and acquisition of managed care 
          support contracts for TRICARE program (sec. 705).......  1067
        Establishment of high performance military-civilian 
          integrated health delivery systems (sec. 706)..........  1069
        Joint Trauma System (sec. 707)...........................  1070
        Joint Trauma Education and Training Directorate (sec. 
          708)...................................................  1070
        Standardized system for scheduling medical appointments 
          at military treatment facilities (sec. 709)............  1071
    Subtitle B--Other Health Care Benefits.......................  1072
        Extended TRICARE program coverage for certain members of 
          the National Guard and dependents during certain 
          disaster response duty (sec. 711)......................  1072
        Continuity of health care coverage for reserve components 
          (sec. 712).............................................  1072
        Provision of hearing aids to dependents of retired 
          members (sec. 713).....................................  1074
        Coverage of medically necessary food and vitamins for 
          certain conditions under the TRICARE program (sec. 714)  1074
        Eligibility of certain beneficiaries under the TRICARE 
          program for participation in the Federal Employees 
          Dental and Vision Insurance Program (sec. 715).........  1074
        Applied behavior analysis (sec. 716).....................  1074
        Evaluation and treatment of veterans and civilians at 
          military treatment facilities (sec. 717)...............  1075
        Enhancement of use of telehealth services in military 
          health system (sec. 718)...............................  1075
        Authorization of reimbursement by Department of Defense 
          to entities carrying out state vaccination programs for 
          costs of vaccines provided to covered beneficiaries 
          (sec. 719).............................................  1076
    Subtitle C--Health Care Administration.......................  1076
        Authority to convert military medical and dental 
          positions to civilian medical and dental positions 
          (sec. 721).............................................  1076
        Prospective payment of funds necessary to provide medical 
          care for the Coast Guard (sec. 722)....................  1077
        Reduction of administrative requirements relating to 
          automatic renewal of enrollments in TRICARE Prime (sec. 
          723)...................................................  1077
        Modification of authority of Uniformed Services 
          University of the Health Sciences to include 
          undergraduate and other medical education and training 
          programs (sec. 724)....................................  1077
        Adjustment of medical services, personnel authorized 
          strengths, and infrastructure in military health system 
          to maintain readiness and core competencies of health 
          care providers (sec. 725)..............................  1078
        Program to eliminate variability in health outcomes and 
          improve quality of health care services delivered in 
          military medical treatment facilities (sec. 726).......  1078
        Acquisition strategy for health care professional 
          staffing services (sec. 727)...........................  1079
        Adoption of core quality performance metrics (sec. 728)..  1080
        Improvement of health outcomes and control of costs of 
          health care under TRICARE program through programs to 
          involve covered beneficiaries (sec. 729)...............  1080
        Accountability for the performance of the military health 
          system of certain leaders within the system (sec. 730).  1081
        Establishment of advisory committees for military 
          treatment facilities (sec. 731)........................  1082
    Subtitle D--Reports and Other Matters........................  1082
        Extension of authority for joint Department of Defense-
          Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Facility 
          Demonstration Fund and report on implementation of 
          information technology capabilities (sec. 741).........  1082
        Pilot program on expansion of use of physician assistants 
          to provide mental health care to members of the Armed 
          Forces (sec. 742)......................................  1082
        Pilot program for prescription drug acquisition cost 
          parity in the TRICARE pharmacy benefits program (sec. 
          743)...................................................  1083
        Pilot program on display of wait times at urgent care 
          clinics and pharmacies of military medical treatment 
          facilities (sec. 744)..................................  1083
        Requirement to review and monitor prescribing practices 
          at military treatment facilities of pharmaceutical 
          agents for treatment of post-traumatic stress (sec. 
          745)...................................................  1084
        Department of Defense study on preventing the diversion 
          of opioid medications (sec. 746).......................  1084
        Incorporation into survey by Department of Defense of 
          questions on experiences of members of the Armed Forces 
          with family planning services and counseling (sec. 747)  1084
        Assessment of transition to TRICARE program by families 
          of members of reserve components called to Active Duty 
          and elimination of certain charges for such families 
          (sec. 748).............................................  1085
        Oversight of graduate medical education programs of 
          military departments (sec. 749)........................  1085
        Study on health of helicopter and tiltrotor pilots (sec. 
          750)...................................................  1086
        Comptroller General reports on health care delivery and 
          waste in military health system (sec. 751).............  1086
    Legislative Provisions Not Adopted...........................  1086
        Modifications of cost-sharing requirements for the 
          TRICARE pharmacy benefits program and treatment of 
          certain pharmaceutical agents..........................  1086
        Pilot program on treatment of members of the Armed Forces 
          for post-traumatic stress disorder related to military 
          sexual trauma..........................................  1087
        Selection of commanders and directors of military 
          treatment facilities and tours of duty of commanders of 
          such facilities........................................  1087
        Use of mefloquine for malaria............................  1087
        Mental health resources for members of the military 
          services at high risk of suicide.......................  1088
        Research of chronic traumatic encephalopathy.............  1088
        Active oscillating negative pressure treatment...........  1088
        Report on feasibility of including acupuncture and 
          chiropractic services for retirees under TRICARE 
          program................................................  1088
        Clarification of submission of reports on longitudinal 
          study on traumatic brain injury........................  1088
        Increased collaboration with NIH to combat triple 
          negative breast cancer.................................  1089
        Memoranda of agreement with institutions of higher 
          education that offer degrees in allopathic or 
          osteopathic medicine...................................  1089
        Prohibition on conduct of certain medical research and 
          development projects...................................  1089
        Report on plan to improve pediatric care and related 
          services for children of members of the Armed Forces...  1090
        Treatment of certain provisions relating to limitations, 
          transparency, and oversight regarding medical research 
          conducted by the Department of Defense.................  1090
TITLE VIII--ACQUISITION POLICY, ACQUISITION MANAGEMENT, AND 
  RELATED MATTERS................................................  1090
    Subtitle A--Acquisition Policy and Management................  1090
        Rapid acquisition authority amendments (sec. 801)........  1090
        Authority for temporary service of Principal Military 
          Deputies to the Assistant Secretaries of the military 
          departments for acquisition as Acting Assistant 
          Secretaries (sec. 802).................................  1090
        Modernization of services acquisition (sec. 803).........  1090
        Defense Modernization Account amendments (sec. 804)......  1091
    Subtitle B--Department of Defense Acquisition Agility........  1091
        Modular open system approach in development of major 
          weapon systems (sec. 805)..............................  1091
        Development, prototyping, and deployment of weapon system 
          components or technology (sec. 806)....................  1091
        Cost, schedule, and performance of major defense 
          acquisition programs (sec. 807)........................  1092
        Transparency in major defense acquisition programs (sec. 
          808)...................................................  1092
        Amendments relating to technical data rights (sec. 809)..  1093
    Subtitle C--Amendments to General Contracting Authorities, 
      Procedures, and Limitations................................  1094
        Modified restrictions on undefinitized contractual 
          actions (sec. 811).....................................  1094
        Amendments relating to inventory and tracking of 
          purchases of services (sec. 812).......................  1095
        Use of lowest price technically acceptable source 
          selection process (sec. 813)...........................  1095
        Limitation of use of reverse auctions and lowest price 
          technically acceptable contracting methods for 
          procurement of personal protective equipment (sec. 814)  1096
        Amendments related to detection and avoidance of 
          counterfeit electronic parts (sec. 815)................  1096
        Amendments to special emergency procurement authority 
          (sec. 816).............................................  1096
        Compliance with domestic source requirements for footwear 
          furnished to enlisted members of the Armed Forces upon 
          their initial entry into the Armed Forces (sec. 817)...  1097
        Extension of authority for enhanced transfer of 
          technology developed at Department of Defense 
          laboratories (sec. 818)................................  1097
        Modified notification requirement for exercise of waiver 
          authority to acquire vital national security 
          capabilities (sec. 819)................................  1098
        Defense cost accounting standards (sec. 820).............  1098
        Increased micro-purchase threshold applicable to 
          Department of Defense procurements (sec. 821)..........  1098
        Enhanced competition requirements (sec. 822).............  1099
        Revision to effective date of senior executive benchmark 
          compensation for allowable cost limitations (sec. 823).  1099
        Treatment of independent research and development costs 
          on certain contracts (sec. 824)........................  1099
        Exception to requirement to include cost or price to the 
          Government as a factor in the evaluation of proposals 
          for certain multiple-award task or delivery order 
          contracts (sec. 825)...................................  1100
        Extension of program for comprehensive small business 
          contracting plans (sec. 826)...........................  1100
        Treatment of side-by-side testing of certain equipment, 
          munitions, and technologies manufactured and developed 
          under cooperative research and development agreements 
          as use of competitive procedures (sec. 827)............  1100
        Defense Acquisition Challenge Program amendments (sec. 
          828)...................................................  1101
        Preference for fixed-price contracts (sec. 829)..........  1101
        Requirement to use firm fixed-price contracts for foreign 
          military sales (sec. 830)..............................  1101
        Preference for performance-based contractual payments 
          (sec. 831).............................................  1102
        Contractor incentives to achieve savings and improve 
          mission performance (sec. 832).........................  1102
        Sunset and repeal of certain contracting provisions (sec. 
          833)...................................................  1102
        Flexibility in contracting award program (sec. 834)......  1103
        Protection of task order competition (sec. 835)..........  1103
        Contract closeout authority (sec. 836)...................  1103
        Closeout of old Department of the Navy contracts (sec. 
          837)...................................................  1103
    Subtitle D--Provisions Relating to Major Defense Acquisition 
      Programs...................................................  1104
        Change in date of submission to Congress of Selected 
          Acquisition Reports (sec. 841).........................  1104
        Amendments relating to independent cost estimation and 
          cost analysis (sec. 842)...............................  1104
        Revisions to Milestone B determinations (sec. 843).......  1104
        Review and report on sustainment planning in the 
          acquisition process (sec. 844).........................  1105
        Revision to distribution of annual report on operational 
          test and evaluation (sec. 845).........................  1105
        Repeal of major automated information systems provisions 
          (sec. 846).............................................  1105
        Revisions to definition of major defense acquisition 
          program (sec. 847).....................................  1105
        Acquisition strategy (sec. 848)..........................  1106
        Improved life-cycle cost control (sec. 849)..............  1106
        Authority to designate increments or blocks of items 
          delivered under major defense acquisition programs as 
          major subprograms for purposes of acquisition reporting 
          (sec. 850).............................................  1107
        Reporting of small business participation on Department 
          of Defense programs (sec. 851).........................  1107
        Waiver of congressional notification for acquisition of 
          tactical missiles and munitions greater than quantity 
          specified in law (sec. 852)............................  1108
        Multiple program multiyear contract pilot demonstration 
          program (sec. 853).....................................  1108
        Key performance parameter reduction pilot program (sec. 
          854)...................................................  1108
        Mission integration management (sec. 855)................  1108
    Subtitle E--Provisions Relating to Acquisition Workforce.....  1109
        Project management (sec. 861)............................  1109
        Authority to waive tenure requirement for program 
          managers for program definition and program execution 
          periods (sec. 862).....................................  1109
        Purposes for which the Department of Defense Acquisition 
          Workforce Development Fund may be used; advisory panel 
          amendments (sec. 863)..................................  1110
        Department of Defense Acquisition Workforce Development 
          Fund determination adjustment (sec. 864)...............  1110
        Limitations on funds used for staff augmentation 
          contracts at management headquarters of the Department 
          of Defense and the military departments (sec. 865).....  1111
        Senior Military Acquisition Advisors in the Defense 
          Acquisition Corps (sec. 866)...........................  1111
        Authority of the Secretary of Defense under the 
          acquisition demonstration project (sec. 867)...........  1112
    Subtitle F--Provisions Related to Commercial Items...........  1112
        Market research for determination of price reasonableness 
          in acquisition of commercial items (sec. 871)..........  1112
        Value analysis for the determination of price 
          reasonableness (sec. 872)..............................  1112
        Clarification of requirements relating to commercial item 
          determinations (sec. 873)..............................  1113
        Inapplicability of certain laws and regulations to the 
          acquisition of commercial items and commercially 
          available off-the-shelf items (sec. 874)...............  1113
        Use of commercial or non-Government standards in lieu of 
          military specifications and standards (sec. 875).......  1113
        Preference for commercial services (sec. 876)............  1113
        Treatment of commingled items purchased by contractors as 
          commercial items (sec. 877)............................  1114
        Treatment of services provided by nontraditional 
          contractors as commercial items (sec. 878).............  1114
        Defense pilot program for authority to acquire innovative 
          commercial items, technologies, and services using 
          general solicitation competitive procedures (sec. 879).  1114
        Pilot programs for authority to acquire innovative 
          commercial items using general solicitation competitive 
          procedures (sec. 880)..................................  1115
    Subtitle G--Industrial Base Matters..........................  1115
        Greater integration of the national technology industrial 
          base (sec. 881)........................................  1115
        Integration of civil and military roles in attaining 
          national technology and industrial base objectives 
          (sec. 882).............................................  1115
        Pilot program for distribution support and services for 
          weapon systems contractors (sec. 883)..................  1116
        Nontraditional and small contractor innovation 
          prototyping program (sec. 884).........................  1116
    Subtitle H--Other Matters....................................  1116
        Report on bid protests (sec. 885)........................  1116
        Review and report on indefinite delivery contracts (sec. 
          886)...................................................  1117
        Review and report on contractual flow-down provisions 
          (sec. 887).............................................  1117
        Requirement and review relating to use of brand names or 
          brand-name or equivalent descriptions in solicitations 
          (sec. 888).............................................  1117
        Inclusion of information on common grounds for sustaining 
          bid protests in annual Government Accountability Office 
          reports to Congress (sec. 889).........................  1118
        Study and report on contracts awarded to minority-owned 
          and women-owned businesses (sec. 890)..................  1118
        Authority to provide reimbursable auditing services to 
          certain non-Defense Agencies (sec. 891)................  1118
        Selection of service providers for auditing services and 
          audit readiness services (sec. 892)....................  1118
        Amendments to contractor business system requirements 
          (sec. 893).............................................  1118
        Improved management practices to reduce cost and improve 
          performance of certain Department of Defense 
          organizations (sec. 894)...............................  1119
        Exemption from requirement for capital planning and 
          investment control for information technology equipment 
          included as integral part of a weapon or weapon system 
          (sec. 895).............................................  1119
        Modifications to pilot program for streamlining awards 
          for innovative technology projects (sec. 896)..........  1119
        Rapid prototyping funds for the military departments 
          (sec. 897).............................................  1120
        Establishment of Panel on Department of Defense and 
          AbilityOne Contracting Oversight, Accountability, and 
          Integrity; Defense Acquisition University training 
          (sec. 898).............................................  1120
        Coast Guard major acquisition programs (sec. 899)........  1120
        Enhanced authority to acquire products and services 
          produced in Africa in support of covered activities 
          (sec. 899A)............................................  1121
    Legislative Provisions Not Adopted...........................  1122
        Revision to authorities relating to Department of Defense 
          Test Resource Management Center........................  1122
        Repeal of temporary suspension of public-private 
          competitions for conversion of Department of Defense 
          functions to performance by contractors................  1122
        Requirement for policies and standard checklist in 
          procurement of services................................  1122
        Non-traditional contractor definition....................  1122
        Revision to definition of commercial item................  1122
        Government Accountability Office bid protest reforms.....  1123
        Penalties for the use of cost-type contracts.............  1123
        Nonapplicability of certain executive order to Department 
          of Defense and National Nuclear Security Administration  1123
        Requirement that certain ship components be manufactured 
          in the national technology and industrial base.........  1123
        Use of economy-wide inflation index to calculate 
          percentage increase in unit costs......................  1123
        Modifications to the justification and approval process 
          for certain sole-source contracts for small business 
          concerns...............................................  1124
        Briefing on design-build construction process for defense 
          contracts..............................................  1124
        Assessment of outreach for small business concerns owned 
          and controlled by women and minorities required before 
          conversion of certain functions to contractor 
          performance............................................  1124
        Enhanced use of data analytics to improve acquisition 
          program outcomes.......................................  1125
        Department of Defense exemptions from certain regulations  1126
        Use of non-cost type contracts to acquire commercial 
          items..................................................  1126
        Modified requirements for distribution of assistance 
          under procurement technical assistance cooperative 
          agreements.............................................  1127
        Working capital fund for precision guided munitions 
          exports in support of contingency operations...........  1127
        Director of Developmental Test and Evaluation............  1127
        Improved transparency and oversight over Department of 
          Defense research, development, test, and evaluation 
          efforts and procurement activities related to medical 
          research...............................................  1129
TITLE IX--DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE ORGANIZATION AND MANAGEMENT......  1129
    Subtitle A--Office of the Secretary of Defense and Related 
      Matters....................................................  1129
        Organization of the Office of the Secretary of Defense 
          (sec. 901).............................................  1129
        Responsibilities and reporting of the Chief Information 
          Officer of the Department of Defense (sec. 902)........  1131
        Maximum number of personnel in Office of the Secretary of 
          Defense and other Department of Defense headquarters 
          offices (sec. 903).....................................  1132
        Repeal of Financial Management Modernization Executive 
          Committee (sec. 904)...................................  1132
    Subtitle B--Organization and Management of the Department of 
      Defense Generally..........................................  1133
        Organizational Strategy for the Department of Defense 
          (sec. 911).............................................  1133
        Policy, organization, and management goals and priorities 
          of the Secretary of Defense for the Department of 
          Defense (sec. 912).....................................  1134
        Secretary of Defense delivery unit (sec. 913)............  1134
        Performance of civilian functions by military personnel 
          (sec. 914).............................................  1134
        Repeal of requirements relating to efficiencies plan for 
          the civilian personnel workforce and service contractor 
          workforce of the Department of Defense (sec. 915)......  1135
    Subtitle C--Joint Chiefs of Staff and Combatant Command 
      Matters....................................................  1135
        Joint Chiefs of Staff and related combatant command 
          matters (sec. 921).....................................  1135
        Organization of the Department of Defense for management 
          of special operations forces and special operations 
          (sec. 922).............................................  1136
        Establishment of Unified Combatant Command for Cyber 
          Operations (sec. 923)..................................  1138
        Assigned forces of the combatant commands (sec. 924).....  1139
        Modifications to the requirements process (sec. 925).....  1139
        Assessments of combatant command structure (sec. 926)....  1140
    Subtitle D--Organization and Management of Other Department 
      of Defense Offices and Elements............................  1141
        Qualifications for appointment of the Secretaries of the 
          military departments (sec. 931)........................  1141
        Enhanced personnel management authorities for the Chief 
          of the National Guard Bureau (sec. 932)................  1141
        Reorganization and redesignation of Office of Family 
          Policy and Office of Community Support for Military 
          Families with Special Needs (sec. 933).................  1141
        Redesignation of Assistant Secretary of the Air Force for 
          Acquisition as Assistant Secretary of the Air Force for 
          Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics (sec. 934)......  1141
    Subtitle E--Strategies, Reports, and Related Matters.........  1142
        National Defense Strategy (sec. 941).....................  1142
        Commission on the National Defense Strategy for the 
          United States (sec. 942)...............................  1142
        Reform of the national military strategy (sec. 943)......  1142
        Form of annual national security strategy report (sec. 
          944)...................................................  1142
        Modification to independent study of national security 
          strategy formulation process (sec. 945)................  1143
    Subtitle F--Other Matters....................................  1143
        Enhanced security programs for Department of Defense 
          personnel and innovation initiatives (sec. 951)........  1143
        Modification of authority of the Secretary of Defense 
          relating to protection of the Pentagon Reservation and 
          other Department of Defense facilities in the National 
          Capital Region (sec. 952)..............................  1143
        Modifications to requirements for accounting for members 
          of the Armed Forces and Department of Defense civilian 
          employees listed as missing (sec. 953).................  1144
        Modifications to corrosion report (sec. 954).............  1144
    Legislative Provisions Not Adopted...........................  1144
        Sense of Congress on Goldwater-Nichols Reform............  1144
        Authority to employ civilian faculty members at Joint 
          Special Operations University..........................  1144
        Public release by inspectors general of reports of 
          misconduct.............................................  1144
        Redesignation of the Department of the Navy as the 
          Department of the Navy and Marine Corps................  1145
TITLE X--GENERAL PROVISIONS......................................  1145
    Subtitle A--Financial Matters................................  1145
        General transfer authority (sec. 1001)...................  1145
        Report on auditable financial statements (sec. 1002).....  1145
        Increased use of commercial data integration and analysis 
          products for the purpose of preparing financial 
          statement audits (sec. 1003)...........................  1146
        Sense of Congress on sequestration (sec. 1004)...........  1146
        Requirement to transfer funds from Department of Defense 
          Acquisition Workforce Development Fund to the Treasury 
          (sec. 1005)............................................  1146
    Subtitle B--Counter-Drug Activities..........................  1146
        Codification and modification of authority to provide 
          support for counter-drug activities and activities to 
          counter transnational organized crime of civilian law 
          enforcement agencies (sec. 1011).......................  1146
        Secretary of Defense review of curricula and program 
          structures of National Guard counterdrug schools (sec. 
          1012)..................................................  1147
        Extension of authority to support unified counterdrug and 
          counterterrorism campaign in Colombia (sec. 1013)......  1147
        Enhancement of information sharing and coordination of 
          military training between Department of Homeland 
          Security and Department of Defense (sec. 1014).........  1148
    Subtitle C--Naval Vessels and Shipyards......................  1148
        Definition of short-term work with respect to overhaul, 
          repair, or maintenance of naval vessels (sec. 1021)....  1148
        Warranty requirements for shipbuilding contracts (sec. 
          1022)..................................................  1148
        National Sea-Based Deterrence Fund (sec. 1023)...........  1149
        Availability of funds for retirement or inactivation of 
          Ticonderoga-class cruisers or dock landing ships (sec. 
          1024)..................................................  1149
    Subtitle D--Counterterrorism.................................  1150
        Frequency of counterterrorism operations briefings (sec. 
          1031)..................................................  1150
        Prohibition on use of funds for transfer or release of 
          individuals detained at United States Naval Station, 
          Guantanamo Bay, Cuba to the United States (sec. 1032)..  1150
        Prohibition on use of funds to construct or modify 
          facilities in the United States to house detainees 
          transferred from United States Naval Station, 
          Guantanamo Bay, Cuba (sec. 1033).......................  1150
        Prohibition on use of funds for transfer or release to 
          certain countries of individuals detained at United 
          States Naval Station, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba (sec. 1034).  1151
        Prohibition on use of funds for realignment of forces at 
          or closure of United States Naval Station, Guantanamo 
          Bay, Cuba (sec. 1035)..................................  1151
    Subtitle E--Miscellaneous Authorities and Limitations........  1151
        Expanded authority for transportation by the Department 
          of Defense of non-Department of Defense personnel and 
          cargo (sec. 1041)......................................  1151
        Reduction in minimum number of Navy carrier air wings and 
          carrier air wing headquarters required to be maintained 
          (sec. 1042)............................................  1151
        Modification to support for non-Federal development and 
          testing of material for chemical agent defense (sec. 
          1043)..................................................  1152
        Protection of certain Federal spectrum operations (sec. 
          1044)..................................................  1152
        Prohibition on use of funds for retirement of legacy 
          maritime mine countermeasures platforms (sec. 1045)....  1152
        Extension of authority of Secretary of Transportation to 
          issue non-premium aviation insurance (sec. 1046).......  1152
        Evaluation of Navy alternate combination cover and unisex 
          combination cover (sec. 1047)..........................  1153
        Independent evaluation of Department of Defense excess 
          property program (sec. 1048)...........................  1153
        Waiver of certain polygraph examination requirements 
          (sec. 1049)............................................  1154
        Use of transportation worker identification credential to 
          gain access at Department of Defense installations 
          (sec. 1050)............................................  1154
        Limitation on availability of funds for destruction of 
          certain landmines and briefing on development of 
          replacement anti-personnel landmine munitions (sec. 
          1051)..................................................  1154
        Transition of Air Force to operation of remotely piloted 
          aircraft by enlisted personnel (sec. 1052).............  1155
        Prohibition on divestment of Marine Corps Search and 
          Rescue Units (sec. 1053)...............................  1155
        Support for the Associate Director of Central 
          Intelligence for Military Affairs (sec. 1054)..........  1155
        Notification on the provision of defense sensitive 
          support (sec. 1055)....................................  1155
        Prohibition on enforcement of military commission rulings 
          preventing members of the Armed Forces from carrying 
          out otherwise lawful duties based on member sex (sec. 
          1056)..................................................  1156
        Congressional notification requirements for sensitive 
          military operations (sec. 1057)........................  1156
    Subtitle F--Studies and Reports..............................  1156
        Temporary continuation of certain Department of Defense 
          reporting requirements (sec. 1061).....................  1156
        Reports on programs managed under alternative 
          compensatory control measures in the Department of 
          Defense (sec. 1062)....................................  1156
        Matters for inclusion in report on designation of 
          countries for which rewards may be paid under 
          Department of Defense rewards program (sec. 1063)......  1157
        Annual reports on unfunded priorities of the Armed Forces 
          and the combatant commands and annual report on 
          combatant command requirements (sec. 1064).............  1157
        Management and reviews of electromagnetic spectrum (sec. 
          1065)..................................................  1157
        Requirement for notice and reporting to Committees on 
          Armed Services of certain expenditures of funds by 
          Defense Intelligence Agency (sec. 1066)................  1158
        Congressional notification of biological select agent and 
          toxin theft, loss, or release involving the Department 
          of Defense (sec. 1067).................................  1158
        Report on service-provided support and enabling 
          capabilities to United States special operations forces 
          (sec. 1068)............................................  1158
        Report on citizen security responsibilities in the 
          Northern Triangle of Central America (sec. 1069).......  1158
        Report on counterproliferation activities and programs 
          (sec. 1070)............................................  1159
        Report on testing and integration of minehunting sonar 
          systems to improve Littoral Combat Ship minehunting 
          capabilities (sec. 1071)...............................  1159
        Quarterly reports on parachute jumps conducted at Fort 
          Bragg and Pope Army Airfield and Air Force support for 
          such jumps (sec. 1072).................................  1159
        Study on military helicopter noise (sec. 1073)...........  1159
        Independent review of United States military strategy and 
          force posture in the United States Pacific Command area 
          of responsibility (sec. 1074)..........................  1159
        Assessment of the joint ground forces of the Armed Forces 
          (sec. 1075)............................................  1160
    Subtitle G--Other Matters....................................  1160
        Technical and clerical amendments (sec. 1081)............  1160
        Increase in maximum amount available for equipment, 
          services, and supplies provided for humanitarian 
          demining assistance (sec. 1082)........................  1160
        Liquidation of unpaid credits accrued as a result of 
          transactions under a cross-servicing agreement (sec. 
          1083)..................................................  1161
        Modification of requirements relating to management of 
          military technicians (sec. 1084).......................  1161
        Streamlining of the National Security Council (sec. 1085)  1161
        National biodefense strategy (sec. 1086).................  1161
        Global Cultural Knowledge Network (sec. 1087)............  1162
        Sense of Congress regarding Connecticut's Submarine 
          Century (sec. 1088)....................................  1162
        Sense of Congress regarding the reporting of the MV-22 
          mishap in Marana, Arizona, on April 8, 2000 (sec. 1089)  1162
        Cost of wars (sec. 1090).................................  1162
        Reconnaissance Strike Group matters (sec. 1091)..........  1162
        Border security metrics (sec. 1092)......................  1163
        Program to commemorate the 100th anniversary of the Tomb 
          of the Unknown Soldier (sec. 1093).....................  1163
        Sense of Congress regarding the OCONUS basing of the KC-
          46A aircraft (sec. 1094)...............................  1163
        Designation of a Department of Defense Strategic Arctic 
          Port (sec. 1095).......................................  1163
        Recovery of Excess Rifles, Ammunition, and Parts Granted 
          to Foreign Countries and Transfer to Certain Persons 
          (sec. 1096)............................................  1164
    Legislative Provisions Not Adopted...........................  1164
        Delegation to Chairman of Joint Chiefs of Staff of 
          authority to direct transfer of forces.................  1164
        Management of Defense clandestine human intelligence 
          collection.............................................  1164
        Extension of authority to provide additional support for 
          counter-drug activities of foreign governments.........  1164
        Funding for counter narcotics operations.................  1165
        Report on efforts of United States Southern Command to 
          detect and monitor drug trafficking....................  1165
        Prohibition on reprogramming requests for funds for 
          transfer or release, or construction for transfer or 
          release, of individuals detained at United States Naval 
          Station, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba..........................  1165
        Designing and planning related to construction of certain 
          facilities in the United States........................  1166
        Authority to transfer individuals detained at United 
          States Naval Station, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, to the 
          United States temporarily for emergency or critical 
          medical treatment......................................  1166
        Authority for Article III judges to take certain actions 
          relating to individuals detained at United States Naval 
          Station, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba..........................  1166
        Requirement for Memorandum of Understanding Regarding 
          Transfer of Detainees..................................  1166
        Limitation on transfer of detainees at United States 
          Naval Station, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, pending a report 
          on their terrorist actions and affiliations............  1166
        Prohibition on use of funds for transfer or release of 
          individuals detained at United States Naval Station, 
          Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, to countries covered by 
          Department of State travel warnings....................  1167
        Restrictions on the overhaul and repair of vessels in 
          foreign shipyards......................................  1167
        Restrictions on use of rocket engines from the Russian 
          Federation for space launch of national security 
          satellites.............................................  1167
        Limitations on use of rocket engines from the Russian 
          Federation to achieve assured access to space..........  1167
        Transportation on military aircraft on a space-available 
          basis for members and former members of the Armed 
          Forces with disabilities rated as total................  1167
        National Guard flyovers of public events.................  1168
        Application of Freedom of Information Act to the National 
          Security Council.......................................  1168
        Exemption of information on military tactics, techniques, 
          and procedures from release under Freedom of 
          Information Act........................................  1168
        Annual report on personnel, training, and equipment 
          requirements for the non-federalized National Guard to 
          support civilian authorities in prevention and response 
          to domestic disasters..................................  1169
        Briefing on criteria for determining locations of Air 
          Force Installation and Mission Support Center 
          headquarters...........................................  1169
        Briefing on real property inventory......................  1169
        Report on adjustment and diversification assistance......  1169
        Briefing on the protection of personally identifying 
          information of members of the Armed Forces.............  1170
        Report on priorities for bed downs, basing criteria, and 
          special mission units for C-130J aircraft of the Air 
          Force..................................................  1171
        Clarification of contracts covered by airlift service 
          provision..............................................  1171
        LNG permitting certainty and transparency................  1171
        Transfer of surplus firearms to Corporation for the 
          Promotion of Rifle Practice and Firearms Safety........  1171
        Sense of Congress regarding the importance of Panama 
          City, Florida, to the history and future of the Armed 
          Forces.................................................  1172
        Protection against misuse of Naval Special Warfare 
          Command insignia.......................................  1172
        Protections relating to civil rights and disabilities....  1172
        Determination and disclosure of transportation costs 
          incurred by Secretary of Defense for congressional 
          trips outside the United States........................  1172
        Sense of Congress regarding American veterans disabled 
          for life...............................................  1173
        Maritime Occupational Safety and Health Advisory 
          Committee..............................................  1173
        Sense of Congress regarding United States Northern 
          Command Preparedness...................................  1173
        Workforce issues for relocation of marines to Guam.......  1173
        Review of Department of Defense debt collection 
          regulations............................................  1174
        Importance of role played by women in World War II.......  1174
        Prohibition on modification, abrogation, or other related 
          actions with respect to United States jurisdiction and 
          control over United States Naval Station, Guantanamo 
          Bay, Cuba, without congressional action................  1174
        Pilot's Bill of Rights 2.................................  1175
        Comprehensive strategy for detention of certain 
          individuals............................................  1175
        Declassification of information on past terrorist 
          activities of detainees transferred from United States 
          Naval Station, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba....................  1175
TITLE XI--CIVILIAN PERSONNEL MATTERS.............................  1175
    Subtitle A--Department of Defense Matters Generally..........  1175
        Civilian personnel management (sec. 1101)................  1175
        Repeal of requirement for annual strategic workforce plan 
          for the Department of Defense (sec. 1102)..............  1176
        Training for employment personnel of Department of 
          Defense on matters relating to authorities for 
          recruitment and retention at United States Cyber 
          Command (sec. 1103)....................................  1176
        Public-private talent exchange (sec. 1104)...............  1176
        Temporary and term appointments in the competitive 
          service in the Department of Defense (sec. 1105).......  1177
        Direct-hire authority for the Department of Defense for 
          post-secondary students and recent graduates (sec. 
          1106)..................................................  1177
        Temporary increase in maximum amount of voluntary 
          separation incentive pay authorized for civilian 
          employees of the Department of Defense (sec. 1107).....  1177
        Extension of the rate of overtime pay for Department of 
          the Navy employees performing work aboard or dockside 
          in support of the nuclear-powered aircraft carrier 
          forward deployed in Japan (sec. 1108)..................  1178
        Limitation on number of DOD SES positions (sec. 1109)....  1178
        Direct hire authority for financial management experts 
          into the Department of Defense workforce (sec. 1110)...  1178
        Repeal of certain basis for appointment of a retired 
          member of the Armed Forces to Department of Defense 
          position within 180 days of retirement (sec. 1111).....  1179
    Subtitle B--Department of Defense Science and Technology 
      Laboratories and Related Matters...........................  1179
        Permanent personnel management authority for the 
          Department of Defense for experts in science and 
          engineering (sec. 1121)................................  1179
        Codification and modification of certain authorities for 
          certain positions at Department of Defense research and 
          engineering laboratories (sec. 1122)...................  1179
        Modification to information technology personnel exchange 
          program (sec. 1123)....................................  1179
        Pilot program on enhanced pay authority for certain 
          research and technology positions in the science and 
          technology reinvention laboratories of the Department 
          of Defense (sec. 1124).................................  1180
        Temporary direct hire authority for domestic defense 
          industrial base facilities, the Major Range and Test 
          Facilities Base, and the Office of the Director of 
          Operational Test and Evaluation (sec. 1125)............  1180
    Subtitle C--Government-Wide Matters..........................  1180
        Elimination of two-year eligibility limitation for 
          noncompetitive appointment of spouses of members of the 
          Armed Forces (sec. 1131)...............................  1180
        Temporary personnel flexibilities for domestic defense 
          industrial base facilities and Major Range and Test 
          Facilities Base civilian personnel (sec. 1132).........  1181
        One-year extension of temporary authority to grant 
          allowances, benefits, and gratuities to civilian 
          personnel on official duty in a combat zone (sec. 1133)  1181
        Advance payments for employees relocating within the 
          United States and its territories (sec. 1134)..........  1181
        Eligibility of employees in a time-limited appointment to 
          compete for a permanent appointment at any Federal 
          agency (sec. 1135).....................................  1181
        Review of official personnel file of former Federal 
          employee before rehiring (sec. 1136)...................  1181
        One-year extension of authority to waive annual 
          limitation on premium pay and aggregate limitation on 
          pay for Federal civilian employees working overseas 
          (sec. 1137)............................................  1182
        Administrative leave (sec. 1138).........................  1182
        Direct hiring for Federal wage schedule employees (sec. 
          1139)..................................................  1182
        Record of investigation of personnel action in separated 
          employee's official personnel file (sec. 1140).........  1183
    Legislative Provisions Not Adopted...........................  1183
        Treatment of certain localities for calculation of per 
          diem allowances........................................  1183
        Pilot programs on career sabbaticals for Department of 
          Defense civilian employees.............................  1183
        Report on Department of Defense civilian workforce 
          personnel and contractors..............................  1183
        Appointment authority for uniquely qualified prevailing 
          rate employees.........................................  1183
        Limitation on preference eligible hiring preferences for 
          permanent employees in the competitive service.........  1183
TITLE XII--MATTERS RELATING TO FOREIGN NATIONS...................  1184
    Subtitle A--Assistance and Training..........................  1184
        One-year extension of logistical support for coalition 
          forces supporting certain United States military 
          operations (sec. 1201).................................  1184
        Special Defense Acquisition Fund matters (sec. 1202).....  1185
        Codification of authority for support of special 
          operations to combat terrorism (sec. 1203).............  1185
        Independent evaluation of Strategic Framework for 
          Department of Defense security cooperation (sec. 1204).  1186
        Sense of Congress regarding an assessment, monitoring, 
          and evaluation framework for security cooperation (sec. 
          1205)..................................................  1186
    Subtitle B--Matters Relating to Afghanistan and Pakistan.....  1186
        Extension and modification of Commanders' Emergency 
          Response Program (sec. 1211)...........................  1186
        Extension of authority to acquire products and services 
          produced in countries along a major route of supply to 
          Afghanistan (sec. 1212)................................  1187
        Extension and modification of authority to transfer 
          defense articles and provide defense services to the 
          military and security forces of Afghanistan (sec. 1213)  1187
        Special immigrant status for certain Afghans (sec. 1214).  1187
        Modification to semiannual report on enhancing security 
          and stability in Afghanistan (sec. 1215)...............  1187
        Prohibition on use of funds for certain programs and 
          projects of the Department of Defense in Afghanistan 
          that cannot be safely accessed by United States 
          Government personnel (sec. 1216).......................  1188
        Improvement of oversight of United States Government 
          efforts in Afghanistan (sec. 1217).....................  1188
        Extension and modification of authority for reimbursement 
          of certain coalition nations for support provided to 
          United States military operations (sec. 1218)..........  1188
    Subtitle C--Matters Relating to Syria, Iraq, and Iran........  1190
        Modification and extension of authority to provide 
          assistance to the vetted Syrian opposition (sec. 1221).  1190
        Modification and extension of authority to provide 
          assistance to counter the Islamic State of Iraq and the 
          Levant (sec. 1222).....................................  1190
        Extension and modification of authority to support 
          operations and activities of the Office of Security 
          Cooperation in Iraq (sec. 1223)........................  1191
        Limitation on provision of man-portable air defense 
          systems to the vetted Syrian opposition during fiscal 
          year 2017 (sec. 1224)..................................  1191
        Modification of annual report on military power of Iran 
          (sec. 1225)............................................  1191
        Quarterly report on confirmed ballistic missile launches 
          from Iran (sec. 1226)..................................  1192
    Subtitle D--Matters Relating to the Russian Federation.......  1192
        Military response options to Russian Federation violation 
          of INF Treaty (sec. 1231)..............................  1192
        Limitation on military cooperation between the United 
          States and the Russian Federation (sec. 1232)..........  1193
        Extension and modification of authority on training for 
          Eastern European national military forces in the course 
          of multilateral exercises (sec. 1233)..................  1193
        Prohibition on availability of funds relating to 
          sovereignty of the Russian Federation over Crimea (sec. 
          1234)..................................................  1194
        Annual report on military and security developments 
          involving the Russian Federation (sec. 1235)...........  1194
        Limitation on use of funds to vote to approve or 
          otherwise adopt any implementing decision of the Open 
          Skies Consultative Commission and related requirements 
          (sec. 1236)............................................  1194
        Extension and enhancement of Ukraine Security Assistance 
          Initiative (sec. 1237).................................  1195
    Subtitle E--Reform of Department of Defense Security 
      Cooperation................................................  1196
        Enactment of new chapter for defense security cooperation 
          (sec. 1241)............................................  1196
        Military-to-military exchanges (sec. 1242)...............  1200
        Consolidation and revision of authorities for payment of 
          personnel expenses necessary for theater security 
          cooperation (sec. 1243)................................  1200
        Transfer and revision of certain authorities on payment 
          of expenses of training and exercises with friendly 
          foreign forces (sec. 1244).............................  1200
        Transfer and revision of authority to provide operational 
          support to forces of friendly foreign countries (sec. 
          1245)..................................................  1201
        Department of Defense State Partnership Program (sec. 
          1246)..................................................  1201
        Transfer of authority on regional defense combating 
          terrorism fellowship program (sec. 1247)...............  1201
        Consolidation of authorities for service academy 
          international engagement (sec. 1248)...................  1202
        Consolidated annual budget for security cooperation 
          programs and activities of the Department of Defense 
          (sec. 1249)............................................  1202
        Department of Defense security cooperation workforce 
          development (sec. 1250)................................  1202
        Reporting requirements (sec. 1251).......................  1204
        Quadrennial Review of Security Sector Assistance Program 
          and Authorities of the United States Government (sec. 
          1252)..................................................  1204
        Other conforming amendments and authority for 
          administration (sec. 1253).............................  1204
    Subtitle F--Human Rights Sanctions...........................  1204
        Global Magnitsky Human Rights Accountability Act (secs. 
          1261-1265).............................................  1204
    Subtitle G--Miscellaneous Reports............................  1205
        Modification of annual report on military and security 
          developments involving the People's Republic of China 
          (sec. 1271)............................................  1205
        Monitoring and evaluation of overseas humanitarian, 
          disaster, and civic aid programs of the Department of 
          Defense (sec. 1272)....................................  1205
        Strategy for United States defense interests in Africa 
          (sec. 1273)............................................  1205
        Report on the potential for cooperation between the 
          United States and Israel on directed energy 
          capabilities (sec. 1274)...............................  1205
        Annual update of Department of Defense Freedom of 
          Navigation Report (sec. 1275)..........................  1206
        Reports on INF Treaty and Open Skies Treaty (sec. 1276)..  1206
        Assessment of proliferation of certain remotely piloted 
          aircraft systems (sec. 1277)...........................  1206
    Subtitle H--Other Matters....................................  1207
        Enhancement of interagency support during contingency 
          operations and transition periods (sec. 1281)..........  1207
        Two-year extension and modification of authorization of 
          non-conventional assisted recovery capabilities (sec. 
          1282)..................................................  1207
        Authority to destroy certain specified World War II-era 
          United States-origin chemical munitions located on San 
          Jose Island, Republic of Panama (sec. 1283)............  1207
        Sense of Congress on military exchanges between the 
          United States and Taiwan (sec. 1284)...................  1208
        Limitation on availability of funds to implement the Arms 
          Trade Treaty (sec. 1285)...............................  1208
        Prohibition on use of funds to invite, assist, or 
          otherwise assure the participation of Cuba in certain 
          joint or multilateral exercises (sec. 1286)............  1208
        Global Engagement Center (sec. 1287).....................  1209
        Modification of United States International Broadcasting 
          Act of 1994 (sec. 1288)................................  1209
        Redesignation of South China Sea Initiative (sec. 1289)..  1210
        Measures against persons involved in activities that 
          violate arms control treaties or agreements with the 
          United States (sec. 1290)..............................  1210
        Agreements with foreign governments to develop land-based 
          water resources in support of and in preparation for 
          contingency operations (sec. 1291).....................  1211
        Enhancing defense and security cooperation with India 
          (sec. 1292)............................................  1211
        Coordination of efforts to develop free trade agreements 
          with sub-Saharan African countries (sec. 1293).........  1212
        Extension and expansion of authority to support border 
          security operations of certain foreign countries (sec. 
          1294)..................................................  1212
        Modification and clarification of United States-Israel 
          anti-tunnel cooperation authority (sec. 1295)..........  1212
        Maintenance of prohibition on procurement by Department 
          of Defense of People's Republic of China-origin items 
          that meet the definition of goods and services 
          controlled as munitions items when moved to the ``600 
          series'' of the Commerce Control List (sec. 1296)......  1213
        International sales process improvements (sec. 1297).....  1213
        Efforts to end modern slavery (sec. 1298)................  1213
    Legislative Provisions Not Adopted...........................  1213
        Modification and extension of authority to conduct 
          activities to enhance the capability of foreign 
          countries to respond to incidents involving weapons of 
          mass destruction.......................................  1213
        Report on the prohibition on use of funds for assistance 
          to units of foreign security forces that have committed 
          a gross violation of human rights......................  1214
        Sense of Congress on United States policy and strategy in 
          Afghanistan............................................  1214
        Sense of Congress relating to Dr. Shakil Afridi..........  1215
        Report on access to financial records of the Government 
          of Afghanistan to audit the use of funds for assistance 
          for Afghanistan........................................  1215
        Report on prevention of future terrorist organizations in 
          Iraq and Syria.........................................  1215
        Semiannual report on integration of political and 
          military strategies against ISIL.......................  1216
        Sense of Congress condemning continuing attacks on 
          medical facilities in Syria............................  1217
        Sense of Congress on business practices of the Islamic 
          State of Iraq and Syria................................  1217
        Statement of policy on United States efforts in Europe to 
          reassure United States partners and allies and deter 
          aggression by the Government of the Russian Federation.  1217
        European investment in security and stability............  1218
        Sense of Senate on European Deterrence Initiative........  1219
        Modification and extension of report on military 
          assistance to Ukraine..................................  1219
        Sense of Congress on malign activities of the Government 
          of Iran................................................  1219
        Inclusion of the Philippines among allied countries with 
          whom United States may enter into cooperative military 
          airlift agreements.....................................  1220
        Sense of Congress on trilateral cooperation between 
          Japan, South Korea, and the United States..............  1220
        Sense of Congress on cooperation between Singapore and 
          the United States......................................  1220
        United States policy on Taiwan...........................  1220
        Sense of Congress on military relations between Vietnam 
          and the United States..................................  1221
        Annual report on foreign military sales to Taiwan........  1221
        Sense of Congress in support of a denuclearized Korean 
          peninsula..............................................  1222
        Authority to grant observer status to the military forces 
          of Taiwan at RIMPAC exercises..........................  1222
        Sense of Congress on commitment to the Republic of Palau.  1222
        Sense of Congress on support for Estonia, Latvia, and 
          Lithuania..............................................  1222
        Sense of Congress on security sector assistance..........  1223
        Sense of Congress on support for Georgia.................  1223
        Sense of Congress regarding on July 2016 NATO Summit in 
          Warsaw, Poland.........................................  1223
        Report on violence and cartel activity in Mexico.........  1223
        Opportunities to equip certain foreign military entities.  1223
        Sense of Congress regarding the role of the United States 
          in the North Atlantic Treaty Organization..............  1224
        Authorization of United States assistance to Israel......  1224
        Department of Defense report on cooperation between Iran 
          and the Russian Federation.............................  1224
        Report on maintenance by Israel of a robust independent 
          capability to remove existential security threats......  1225
        Report on use by the Government of Iran of commercial 
          aircraft and related services for illicit military or 
          other activities.......................................  1225
        Extension of reporting requirements on the use of certain 
          Iranian seaports by foreign vessels and use of foreign 
          airports by sanctioned Iranian air carriers............  1225
        Sense of Congress on integrated ballistic missile defense 
          system for GCC partner countries, Jordan, Egypt and 
          Israel.................................................  1225
        Authority to provide assistance and training to increase 
          maritime security and domain awareness of foreign 
          countries bordering the Persian Gulf, Arabian Sea, or 
          Mediterranean Sea......................................  1226
        Report on efforts to combat Boko Haram in Nigeria and the 
          Lake Chad Basin........................................  1226
        Security Cooperation Enhancement Fund....................  1227
        Coordination between Department of Defense and Department 
          of State on certain security cooperation and security 
          assistance programs and activities.....................  1227
        United Nations processing center in Erbil, Iraqi 
          Kurdistan, to assist internationally-displaced 
          communities............................................  1227
TITLE XIII--COOPERATIVE THREAT REDUCTION.........................  1227
        Specification of Cooperative Threat Reduction funds (sec. 
          1301)..................................................  1227
        Funding allocations (sec. 1302)..........................  1227
        Limitation on availability of funds for Cooperative 
          Threat Reduction in People's Republic of China (sec. 
          1303)..................................................  1228
TITLE XIV--OTHER AUTHORIZATIONS..................................  1228
    Subtitle A--Military Programs................................  1228
        Working Capital Funds (sec. 1401)........................  1228
        Chemical Agents and Munitions Destruction, Defense (sec. 
          1402)..................................................  1228
        Drug Interdiction and Counter-Drug Activities, Defense-
          Wide (sec. 1403).......................................  1229
        Defense Inspector General (sec. 1404)....................  1229
        Defense Health Program (sec. 1405).......................  1229
    Subtitle B--National Defense Stockpile.......................  1229
        Authority to dispose of certain materials from and to 
          acquire additional materials for the National Defense 
          Stockpile (sec. 1411)..................................  1229
        National Defense Stockpile matters (sec. 1412)...........  1229
    Subtitle C--Chemical Demilitarization Matters................  1230
        National Academies of Sciences study on conventional 
          munitions demilitarization alternative technologies 
          (sec. 1421)............................................  1230
    Subtitle D--Other Matters....................................  1230
        Authority for transfer of funds to Joint Department of 
          Defense-Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Facility 
          Demonstration Fund for Captain James A. Lovell Health 
          Care Center, Illinois (sec. 1431)......................  1230
        Authorization of appropriations for Armed Forces 
          Retirement Home (sec. 1432)............................  1230
    Legislative Provisions Not Adopted...........................  1231
        National Defense Sealift Fund............................  1231
        National Sea-Based Deterrence Fund.......................  1231
        Security Cooperation Enhancement Fund....................  1231
TITLE XV--AUTHORIZATION OF ADDITIONAL APPROPRIATIONS FOR OVERSEAS 
  CONTINGENCY OPERATIONS.........................................  1231
    Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations..................  1231
        Purpose and treatment of certain authorizations of 
          appropriations (sec. 1501).............................  1231
        Procurement (sec. 1502)..................................  1231
        Research, development, test, and evaluation (sec. 1503)..  1232
        Operation and maintenance (sec. 1504)....................  1232
        Military personnel (sec. 1505)...........................  1232
        Working capital funds (sec. 1506)........................  1232
        Drug Interdiction and Counter-Drug Activities, Defense-
          wide (sec. 1507).......................................  1232
        Defense Inspector General (sec. 1508)....................  1233
        Defense Health program (sec. 1509).......................  1233
    Subtitle B--Financial Matters................................  1233
        Treatment as additional authorizations (sec. 1511).......  1233
        Special transfer authority (sec. 1512)...................  1233
    Subtitle C--Limitations, Reports, and Other Matters..........  1234
        Afghanistan Security Forces Fund (sec. 1521).............  1234
        Joint Improvised Explosive Device Defeat Fund (sec. 1522)  1234
        Extension of authority to use Joint Improvised Explosive 
          Device Defeat Fund for training of foreign security 
          forces to defeat improvised explosive devices (sec. 
          1523)..................................................  1235
        Overseas contingency operations (sec. 1524)..............  1236
        Extension and modification of authorities on 
          Counterterrorism Partnerships Fund (sec. 1525).........  1236
    Legislative Provisions Not Adopted...........................  1236
        Counterterrorism Partnerships Fund.......................  1236
        Security Cooperation Enhancement Fund....................  1236
        Codification of Office of Management and Budget criteria.  1236
TITLE XVI--STRATEGIC PROGRAMS, CYBER, AND INTELLIGENCE MATTERS...  1237
    Subtitle A--Space Activities.................................  1237
        Repeal of provision permitting the use of rocket engines 
          from the Russian Federation for the evolved expendable 
          launch vehicle program (sec. 1601).....................  1237
        Exception to the prohibition on contracting with Russian 
          suppliers of rocket engines for the evolved expendable 
          launch vehicle program (sec. 1602).....................  1237
        Rocket propulsion system to replace RD-180 (sec. 1603)...  1237
        Plan for use of allied launch vehicles (sec. 1604).......  1238
        Analysis of alternatives for wide-band communications 
          (sec. 1605)............................................  1238
        Modification to pilot program for acquisition of 
          commercial satellite communications services (sec. 
          1606)..................................................  1239
        Space-based environmental monitoring (sec. 1607).........  1239
        Prohibition on use of certain non-allied positioning, 
          navigation, and timing systems (sec. 1608).............  1239
        Limitation of availability of funds for the Joint Space 
          Operations Center Mission System (sec. 1609)...........  1240
        Limitation on availability of funds for the Global 
          Positioning System Next Generation Operational Control 
          System (sec. 1610).....................................  1240
        Availability of funds for certain secure voice 
          conferencing capabilities (sec. 1611)..................  1241
        Space-based infrared system and advanced extremely high 
          frequency program (sec. 1612)..........................  1241
        Pilot program on commercial weather data (sec. 1613).....  1241
        Plans on transfer of acquisition and funding authority of 
          certain weather missions to National Reconnaissance 
          Office (sec. 1614).....................................  1242
        Five-year plan for Joint Interagency Combined Space 
          Operations Center (sec. 1615)..........................  1242
        Organization and management of national security space 
          activities of the Department of Defense (sec. 1616)....  1242
        Review of charter of Operationally Responsive Space 
          Program Office (sec. 1617).............................  1243
        Backup and complementary positioning, navigation, and 
          timing capabilities of Global Positioning System (sec. 
          1618)..................................................  1243
        Report on use of spacecraft assets of the space-based 
          infrared system wide-field-of-view program (sec. 1619).  1243
        Provision of certain information to Government 
          Accountability Office by National Reconnaissance Office 
          (sec. 1620)............................................  1244
        Cost-benefit analysis of commercial use of excess 
          ballistic missile solid rocket motors (sec. 1621)......  1244
        Independent assessment of Global Positioning System Next 
          Generation Operational Control System (sec. 1622)......  1244
    Subtitle B--Defense Intelligence and Intelligence-Related 
      Activities.................................................  1245
        Report on United States Central Command Intelligence 
          Fusion Center (sec. 1631)..............................  1245
        Prohibition on availability of funds for certain 
          relocation activities for NATO Intelligence Fusion Cell 
          (sec. 1632)............................................  1245
        Survey and review of Defense Intelligence Enterprise 
          (sec. 1633)............................................  1246
    Subtitle C--Cyberspace-Related Matters.......................  1246
        Special emergency procurement authority to facilitate the 
          defense against or recovery from a cyber attack (sec. 
          1641)..................................................  1246
        Limitation on termination of dual-hat arrangement for 
          Command of the United States Cyber Command (sec. 1642).  1246
        Cyber mission forces matters (sec. 1643).................  1246
        Requirement to enter into agreements relating to use of 
          cyber opposition forces (sec. 1644)....................  1247
        Cyber protection support for Department of Defense 
          personnel in positions highly vulnerable to cyber 
          attack (sec. 1645).....................................  1247
        Limitation on full deployment of joint regional security 
          stacks (sec. 1646).....................................  1247
        Advisory committee on industrial security and industrial 
          base policy (sec. 1647)................................  1248
        Change in name of National Defense University's 
          Information Resources Management College to College of 
          Information and Cyberspace (sec. 1648).................  1248
        Evaluation of cyber vulnerabilities of F-35 aircraft and 
          support systems (sec. 1649)............................  1248
        Evaluation of cyber vulnerabilities of Department of 
          Defense critical infrastructure (sec. 1650)............  1249
        Strategy to incorporate Army reserve component cyber 
          protection teams into Department of Defense cyber 
          mission force (sec. 1651)..............................  1249
        Strategic plan for the Defense Information Systems Agency 
          (sec. 1652)............................................  1249
        Plan for information security continuous monitoring 
          capability and comply-to-connect policy; limitation on 
          software licensing (sec. 1653).........................  1250
        Reports on deterrence of adversaries in cyberspace (sec. 
          1654)..................................................  1251
        Sense of Congress on cyber resiliency of the networks and 
          communications systems of the National Guard (sec. 
          1655)..................................................  1252
    Subtitle D--Nuclear Forces...................................  1252
        Improvements to Council on Oversight of National 
          Leadership Command, Control, and Communications System 
          (sec. 1661)............................................  1252
        Treatment of certain sensitive information by State and 
          local governments (sec. 1662)..........................  1253
        Procurement authority for certain parts of 
          intercontinental ballistic missile fuzes (sec. 1663)...  1253
        Prohibition on availability of funds for mobile variant 
          of ground-based strategic deterrent missile (sec. 1664)  1253
        Limitation on availability of funds for extension of New 
          START Treaty (sec. 1665)...............................  1253
        Certifications regarding integrated tactical warning and 
          attack assessment mission of the Air Force (sec. 1666).  1253
        Matters relating to intercontinental ballistic missiles 
          (sec. 1667)............................................  1254
        Requests for forces to meet security requirements for 
          land-based nuclear forces (sec. 1668)..................  1254
        Report on Russian and Chinese political and military 
          leadership survivability, command and control, and 
          continuity of government programs and activities (sec. 
          1669)..................................................  1255
        Review by the Comptroller General of the United States of 
          recommendations relating to nuclear enterprise of 
          Department of Defense (sec. 1670)......................  1255
        Sense of Congress on nuclear deterrence (sec. 1671)......  1255
        Sense of Congress on importance of independent nuclear 
          deterrent of United Kingdom (sec. 1672)................  1255
    Subtitle E--Missile Defense Programs.........................  1256
        National missile defense policy (sec. 1681)..............  1256
        Extensions of prohibitions relating to missile defense 
          information and systems (sec. 1682)....................  1256
        Non-terrestrial missile defense intercept and defeat 
          capability for the ballistic missile defense system 
          (sec. 1683)............................................  1256
        Review of the missile defeat policy and strategy of the 
          United States (sec. 1684)..............................  1257
        Maximizing Aegis Ashore capability and developing medium 
          range discrimination radar (sec. 1685).................  1258
        Technical authority for integrated air and missile 
          defense activities and programs (sec. 1686)............  1258
        Hypersonic defense capability development (sec. 1687)....  1258
        Conventional Prompt Global Strike weapons system (sec. 
          1688)..................................................  1259
        Required testing by Missile Defense Agency of ground-
          based midcourse defense element of ballistic missile 
          defense system (sec. 1689).............................  1259
        Iron Dome short-range rocket defense system and Israeli 
          cooperative missile defense program codevelopment and 
          coproduction (sec. 1690)...............................  1259
        Limitations on availability of funds for lower-tier air 
          and missile defense capability of the Army (sec. 1691).  1260
        Pilot program on loss of unclassified, controlled 
          technical information (sec. 1692)......................  1261
        Plan for procurement of medium-range discrimination radar 
          to improve homeland missile defense (sec. 1693)........  1261
        Review of Missile Defense Agency budget submissions for 
          ground-based midcourse defense and evaluation of 
          alternative ground-based interceptor deployments (sec. 
          1694)..................................................  1261
        Semiannual notifications on missile defense tests and 
          costs (sec. 1695)......................................  1262
        Reports on unfunded priorities of the Missile Defense 
          Agency (sec. 1696).....................................  1262
    Subtitle F--Other Matters....................................  1262
        Protection of certain facilities and assets from unmanned 
          aircraft (sec. 1697)...................................  1262
        Harmful interference to Department of Defense Global 
          Positioning System (sec. 1698).........................  1263
    Legislative Provisions Not Adopted...........................  1263
        Availability of certain amounts to meet requirements in 
          connection with United States policy on assured access 
          to space...............................................  1263
        Department of Defense-wide requirements for security 
          clearances for military intelligence officers..........  1263
        Limitation on availability of funds for intelligence 
          management.............................................  1264
        Sense of Congress on initial operating capability of 
          phase 2 of European Phased Adaptive Approach to missile 
          defense................................................  1264
        Pilot program on application of consequence-driven, 
          cyber-informed engineering to mitigate against cyber-
          security threats.......................................  1265
TITLE XVII--GUAM WORLD WAR II LOYALTY RECOGNITION ACT............  1265
        Guam World War II Loyalty Recognition Act (secs. 1701-
          1707)..................................................  1265
TITLE XVIII--MATTERS RELATING TO SMALL BUSINESS PROCUREMENT......  1266
    Subtitle A--Improving Transparency and Clarity for Small 
      Businesses.................................................  1266
        Plain language rewrite of requirements for small business 
          procurements (sec. 1801)...............................  1266
        Transparency in small business goals (sec. 1802).........  1266
    Subtitle B--Clarifying the Roles of Small Business Advocates.  1266
        Scope of review by procurement center representatives 
          (sec. 1811)............................................  1266
        Duties of the Office of Small and Disadvantaged Business 
          Utilization (sec. 1812)................................  1267
        Improving contractor compliance (sec. 1813)..............  1267
        Improving education on small business regulations (sec. 
          1814)..................................................  1267
    Subtitle C--Strengthening Opportunities for Competition in 
      Subcontracting.............................................  1267
        Good faith in subcontracting (sec. 1821).................  1267
        Pilot program to provide opportunities for qualified 
          subcontractors to obtain past performance ratings (sec. 
          1822)..................................................  1268
        Amendments to the Mentor-Protege Program of the 
          Department of Defense (sec. 1823)......................  1268
    Subtitle D--Miscellaneous Provisions.........................  1268
        Improvements to size standards for small agricultural 
          producers (sec. 1831)..................................  1268
        Uniformity in service-disabled veteran definitions (sec. 
          1832)..................................................  1269
        Office of Hearings and Appeals (sec. 1833)...............  1269
        Extension of SBIR and STTR programs (sec. 1834)..........  1269
        Issuance of guidance on small business matters (sec. 
          1835)..................................................  1269
    Subtitle E--Improving Cyber Preparedness for Small Businesses  1270
        Small Business Development Center Cyber Strategy and 
          outreach (sec. 1841)...................................  1270
        Role of small business development centers in 
          cybersecurity and preparedness (sec. 1842).............  1270
        Additional cybersecurity assistance for small business 
          development centers (sec. 1843)........................  1270
        Prohibition on additional funds (sec. 1844)..............  1270
    Legislative Provisions Not Adopted...........................  1270
        Improving reporting on small business goals..............  1270
        Uniformity in procurement terminology....................  1271
        Responsibilities of Commercial Market Representatives....  1271
        Responsibilities of Business Opportunity Specialists.....  1271
        Improving cooperation between the mentor-protege programs 
          of the Small Business Administration and the Department 
          of Defense.............................................  1271
        Office of Women's Business Ownership.....................  1271
        Women's Business Center Program..........................  1272
        Matching requirements under Women's Business Center 
          Program................................................  1272
        SCORE reauthorization....................................  1272
        SCORE program............................................  1272
        Online component.........................................  1272
        Study and report on the future role of the SCORE program.  1272
        Technical and conforming amendments......................  1273
        Required reports pertaining to capital planning and 
          investment control.....................................  1273
        GAO study on small business cyber support services and 
          small business development center cyber strategy.......  1273
        Short title..............................................  1273
        Use of authorized entrepreneurial development programs...  1273
        Marketing of services....................................  1273
        Data collection..........................................  1274
        Fees from private partnerships and cosponsorships........  1274
        Equity for small business development centers............  1274
        Confidentiality requirements.............................  1274
        Limitation on award of grants to small business 
          development centers....................................  1274
TITLE XIX--DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY STRATEGY FOR 
  INTERNATIONAL PROGRAMS.........................................  1274
        Department of Homeland Security Strategy for 
          International Programs (secs. 1901-1913)...............  1274
DIVISION B--MILITARY CONSTRUCTION AUTHORIZATIONS.................  1275
        Summary and explanation of funding tables................  1275
        Short title (sec. 2001)..................................  1275
        Expiration of authorizations and amounts required to be 
          specified by law (sec. 2002)...........................  1275
        Effective date (sec. 2003)...............................  1275
TITLE XXI--ARMY MILITARY CONSTRUCTION............................  1275
        Summary..................................................  1275
        Authorized Army construction and land acquisition 
          projects (sec. 2101)...................................  1276
        Family housing (sec. 2102)...............................  1276
        Authorization of appropriations, Army (sec. 2103)........  1276
        Modification of authority to carry out certain fiscal 
          year 2014 project (sec. 2104)..........................  1277
        Extension of authorizations of certain fiscal year 2013 
          projects (sec. 2105)...................................  1277
        Extension of authorizations of certain fiscal year 2014 
          projects (sec. 2106)...................................  1277
TITLE XXII--NAVY MILITARY CONSTRUCTION...........................  1277
        Summary..................................................  1277
        Authorized Navy construction and land acquisition 
          projects (sec. 2201)...................................  1278
        Family housing (sec. 2202)...............................  1278
        Improvements to military family housing units (sec. 2203)  1278
        Authorization of appropriations, Navy (sec. 2204)........  1279
        Modification of authority to carry out certain fiscal 
          year 2014 project (sec. 2205)..........................  1279
        Extension of authorizations of certain fiscal year 2013 
          projects (sec. 2206)...................................  1279
        Extension of authorizations of certain fiscal year 2014 
          projects (sec. 2207)...................................  1279
        Status of ``net negative'' policy regarding Navy acreage 
          on Guam (sec. 2208)....................................  1280
TITLE XXIII--AIR FORCE MILITARY CONSTRUCTION.....................  1280
        Summary..................................................  1280
        Authorized Air Force construction and land acquisition 
          projects (sec. 2301)...................................  1280
        Family housing (sec. 2302)...............................  1281
        Improvements to military family housing units (sec. 2303)  1281
        Authorization of appropriations, Air Force (sec. 2304)...  1281
        Modification of authority to carry out certain fiscal 
          year 2016 project (sec. 2305)..........................  1281
        Extension of authorization of certain fiscal year 2013 
          project (sec. 2306)....................................  1281
        Extension of authorization of certain fiscal year 2014 
          project (sec. 2307)....................................  1282
        Restriction on acquisition of property in Northern 
          Mariana Islands (sec. 2308)............................  1282
TITLE XXIV--DEFENSE AGENCIES MILITARY CONSTRUCTION...............  1282
        Summary..................................................  1282
        Authorized Defense Agencies construction and land 
          acquisition projects (sec. 2401).......................  1283
        Authorized energy conservation projects (sec. 2402)......  1283
        Authorization of appropriations, Defense Agencies (sec. 
          2403)..................................................  1283
        Modification of authority to carry out certain fiscal 
          year 2014 project (sec. 2404)..........................  1284
        Extension of authorizations of certain fiscal year 2013 
          projects (sec. 2405)...................................  1284
        Extension of authorizations of certain fiscal year 2014 
          projects (sec. 2406)...................................  1284
TITLE XXV--INTERNATIONAL PROGRAMS................................  1284
        Summary..................................................  1284
    Subtitle A--North Atlantic Treaty Organization Security 
      Investment Program.........................................  1285
        Authorized NATO construction and land acquisition 
          projects (sec. 2501)...................................  1285
        Authorization of appropriations, NATO (sec. 2502)........  1285
    Subtitle B--Host Country In-Kind Contributions...............  1285
        Republic of Korea funded construction projects (sec. 
          2511)..................................................  1285
TITLE XXVI--GUARD AND RESERVE FORCES FACILITIES..................  1285
        Summary..................................................  1285
    Subtitle A--Project Authorizations and Authorizations of 
      Appropriations.............................................  1286
        Authorized Army National Guard construction and land 
          acquisition projects (sec. 2601).......................  1286
        Authorized Army Reserve construction and land acquisition 
          projects (sec. 2602)...................................  1286
        Authorized Navy Reserve and Marine Corps Reserve 
          construction and land acquisition projects (sec. 2603).  1286
        Authorized Air National Guard construction and land 
          acquisition projects (sec. 2604).......................  1286
        Authorized Air Force Reserve construction and land 
          acquisition projects (sec. 2605).......................  1286
        Authorization of appropriations, National Guard and 
          Reserve (sec. 2606)....................................  1287
    Subtitle B--Other Matters....................................  1287
        Modification of authority to carry out certain fiscal 
          year 2014 project (sec. 2611)..........................  1287
        Modification of authority to carry out certain fiscal 
          year 2015 project (sec. 2612)..........................  1287
        Modification of authority to carry out certain fiscal 
          year 2016 project (sec. 2613)..........................  1287
        Extension of authorization of certain fiscal year 2013 
          project (sec. 2614)....................................  1288
        Extension of authorizations of certain fiscal year 2014 
          projects (sec. 2615)...................................  1288
    Legislative Provisions Not Adopted...........................  1288
        Report on replacement of security forces and 
          communications training facility at Frances S. Gabreski 
          Air National Guard Base, New York......................  1288
TITLE XXVII--BASE REALIGNMENT AND CLOSURE ACTIVITIES.............  1288
        Summary..................................................  1288
        Extension of authorizations of certain fiscal year 2014 
          projects (sec. 2701)...................................  1289
        Prohibition on conducting additional base realignment and 
          closure (BRAC) round (sec. 2702).......................  1289
TITLE XXVIII--MILITARY CONSTRUCTION GENERAL PROVISIONS...........  1289
    Subtitle A--Military Construction Program and Military Family 
      Housing Changes............................................  1289
        Modification of criteria for treatment of laboratory 
          revitalization projects as minor military construction 
          projects (sec. 2801)...................................  1289
        Classification of facility conversion projects as repair 
          projects (sec. 2802)...................................  1290
        Limited authority for scope of work increase (sec. 2803).  1290
        Extension of temporary, limited authority to use 
          operation and maintenance funds for construction 
          projects in certain areas outside the United States 
          (sec. 2804)............................................  1290
        Authority to expand energy conservation construction 
          program to include energy resiliency projects (sec. 
          2805)..................................................  1290
        Additional entities eligible for participation in defense 
          laboratory modernization pilot program (sec. 2806).....  1290
        Extension of temporary authority for acceptance and use 
          of contributions for certain construction, maintenance, 
          and repair projects mutually beneficial to the 
          Department of Defense and Kuwait military forces (sec. 
          2807)..................................................  1291
    Subtitle B--Real Property and Facilities Administration......  1291
        Acceptance of military construction projects as payments 
          in-kind and in-kind contributions (sec. 2811)..........  1291
        Allotment of space and provision of services to WIC 
          offices operating on military installations (sec. 2812)  1291
        Sense of Congress regarding inclusion of stormwater 
          systems and components within the meaning of 
          ``wastewater system'' under the Department of Defense 
          authority for conveyance of utility systems (sec. 2813)  1291
        Assessment of public schools on Department of Defense 
          installations (sec. 2814)..............................  1292
        Prior certification required for use of Department of 
          Defense facilities by other Federal agencies for 
          temporary housing support (sec. 2815)..................  1292
    Subtitle C--Land Conveyances.................................  1292
        Land conveyances, High Frequency Active Auroral Research 
          Program facility and adjacent property, Gakona, Alaska 
          (sec. 2821)............................................  1292
        Land conveyance, Campion Air Force Radar Station, Galena, 
          Alaska (sec. 2822).....................................  1293
        Lease, Joint Base Elmendorf-Richardson, Alaska (sec. 
          2823)..................................................  1293
        Transfer of administrative jurisdictions, Navajo Army 
          Depot, Arizona (sec. 2824).............................  1293
        Exchange of property interests, San Diego Unified Port 
          District, California (sec. 2825).......................  1293
        Release of property interests retained in connection with 
          land conveyance, Eglin Air Force Base, Florida (sec. 
          2826)..................................................  1293
        Land exchange, Fort Hood, Texas (sec. 2827)..............  1294
        Land conveyance, P-36 Warehouse, Colbern United States 
          Army Reserve Center, Laredo, Texas (sec. 2828).........  1294
        Land conveyance, St. George National Guard Armory, St. 
          George, Utah (sec. 2829)...............................  1294
        Land acquisitions, Arlington County, Virginia (sec. 
          2829A).................................................  1294
        Release of restrictions, Richland Innovation Center, 
          Richland, Washington (sec. 2829B)......................  1294
        Modification of land conveyance, Rocky Mountain Arsenal 
          National Wildlife Refuge (sec. 2829C)..................  1295
        Closure of St. Marys Airport (sec. 2829D)................  1295
        Transfer of Fort Belvoir Mark Center Campus from the 
          Secretary of the Army to the Secretary of Defense and 
          applicability of certain provisions of law relating to 
          the Pentagon Reservation (sec. 2829E)..................  1295
        Return of certain lands at Fort Wingate to the original 
          inhabitants (sec. 2829F)...............................  1295
    Subtitle D--Military Memorials, Monuments, and Museums.......  1296
        Cyber Center for Education and Innovation--Home of the 
          National Cryptological Museum (sec. 2831)..............  1296
        Renaming site of the Dayton Aviation Heritage National 
          Historical Park, Ohio (sec. 2832)......................  1296
        Women's military service memorials and museums (sec. 
          2833)..................................................  1296
        Petersburg National Battlefield boundary modification 
          (sec. 2834)............................................  1296
    Subtitle E--Designations and Other Matters...................  1297
        Designation of portion of Moffett Federal Airfield, 
          California, as Moffett Air National Guard Base (sec. 
          2841)..................................................  1297
        Redesignation of Mike O'Callaghan Federal Medical Center 
          (sec. 2842)............................................  1297
        Replenishment of Sierra Vista subwatershed regional 
          aquifer, Arizona (sec. 2843)...........................  1297
        Limited exceptions to restriction on development of 
          public infrastructure in connection with realignment of 
          Marine Corps forces in Asia-Pacific region (sec. 2844).  1297
        Permanent withdrawal or transfer of administrative 
          jurisdiction of public land, Naval Air Weapons Station 
          China Lake, California (sec. 2845).....................  1298
    Legislative Provisions Not Adopted...........................  1298
        Sense of Congress on maximizing number of veterans 
          employed on military construction projects.............  1298
        Authority of the Secretary concerned to accept lessee 
          improvements at Government-owned/contractor-operated 
          industrial plants or facilities........................  1298
        Treatment of insured depository institutions operating on 
          land leased from military installations................  1298
        Sense of Congress regarding need to consult with State 
          and local officials prior to acquisitions of real 
          property...............................................  1298
        Improved process for disposal of Department of Defense 
          surplus real property located overseas.................  1299
        Prohibition on transfer of administrative jurisdiction, 
          portion of Organ Mountains Area, Fillmore Canyon, New 
          Mexico.................................................  1299
        Bureau of Land Management withdrawn military lands under 
          Military Lands Withdrawal Act of 1999..................  1299
        Certification of optimal location for 4th and 5th 
          generation combat aircraft basing and for rotation of 
          forces at Naval Air Station El Centro or Marine Corps 
          Air Station Kaneohe Bay................................  1299
        Amendments to the National Historic Preservation Act.....  1299
        Recognition of the National Museum of World War II 
          Aviation...............................................  1300
        Battleship preservation grant program....................  1300
        Implementation of lesser prairie-chicken range-wide 
          conservation plan and other conservation measures......  1300
        Transfer of certain items of the Omar Bradley Foundation 
          to the descendants of General Omar Bradley.............  1300
        Protection and recovery of Greater Sage Grouse...........  1300
        Removal of endangered species status for American burying 
          beetle.................................................  1301
        Report on documentation for acquisition of certain 
          properties along Columbia River, Washington, by Corps 
          of Engineers...........................................  1301
TITLE XXIX--OVERSEAS CONTINGENCY OPERATIONS MILITARY CONSTRUCTION  1301
        Authorized Navy construction and land acquisition 
          projects (sec. 2901)...................................  1301
        Authorized Air Force construction and land acquisition 
          projects (sec. 2902)...................................  1301
        Authorization of appropriations (sec. 2903)..............  1302
TITLE XXX--UTAH TEST AND TRAINING RANGE AND RELATED MATTERS......  1302
    Subtitle A--Authorization for Temporary Closure of Certain 
      Public Land Adjacent to the Utah Test and Training Range...  1302
        Definitions (sec. 3001)..................................  1302
        Memorandum of agreement (sec. 3002)......................  1302
        Temporary closures (sec. 3003)...........................  1302
        Liability (sec. 3004)....................................  1302
        Community resource advisory group (sec. 3005)............  1303
        Savings clauses (sec. 3006)..............................  1303
    Subtitle B--Bureau of Land Management Land Exchange with 
      State of Utah..............................................  1303
        Definitions (sec. 3011)..................................  1303
        Exchange of Federal land and non-Federal land (sec. 3012)  1303
        Status and management of non-Federal land acquired by the 
          United States (sec. 3013)..............................  1303
        Hazardous substances (sec. 3014).........................  1304
    Legislative Provisions Not Adopted...........................  1304
        Short title..............................................  1304
        Findings and purpose.....................................  1304
        Recognition and transfer of certain highway rights-of-way  1304
DIVISION C--DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY NATIONAL SECURITY AUTHORIZATIONS 
  AND OTHER AUTHORIZATIONS.......................................  1304
TITLE XXXI--DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY NATIONAL SECURITY PROGRAMS......  1304
    Subtitle A--National Security Programs Authorizations........  1304
        National Nuclear Security Administration (sec. 3101).....  1304
        Defense environmental cleanup (sec. 3102)................  1306
        Other defense activities (sec. 3103).....................  1306
        Nuclear energy (sec. 3104)...............................  1306
    Subtitle B--Program Authorizations, Restrictions, and 
      Limitations................................................  1306
        Independent acquisition project reviews of capital assets 
          acquisition projects (sec. 3111).......................  1306
        Protection of certain nuclear facilities and assets from 
          unmanned aircraft (sec. 3112)..........................  1306
        Common financial reporting system for the nuclear 
          security enterprise (sec. 3113)........................  1307
        Rough estimate of total life cycle cost of tank waste 
          cleanup at Hanford Nuclear Reservation (sec. 3114).....  1307
        Annual certification of shipments to Waste Isolation 
          Pilot Plant (sec. 3115)................................  1307
        Disposition of weapons-usable plutonium (sec. 3116)......  1308
        Design basis threat (sec. 3117)..........................  1308
        Industry best practices in operations at National Nuclear 
          Security Administration facilities and sites (sec. 
          3118)..................................................  1308
        Pilot program on unavailability for overhead costs of 
          amounts specified for laboratory-directed research and 
          development (sec. 3119)................................  1309
        Research and development of advanced naval nuclear fuel 
          system based on low-enriched uranium (sec. 3120).......  1309
        Increase in certain limitations applicable to funds for 
          conceptual and construction design of the Department of 
          Energy (sec. 3121).....................................  1309
        Prohibition on availability of funds for programs in 
          Russian Federation (sec. 3122).........................  1309
        Limitation on availability of funds for Federal salaries 
          and expenses (sec. 3123)...............................  1309
        Limitation on availability of funds for defense 
          environmental cleanup program direction (sec. 3124)....  1310
        Limitation on availability of funds for acceleration of 
          nuclear weapons dismantlement (sec. 3125)..............  1310
    Subtitle C--Plans and Reports................................  1310
        Independent assessment of technology development under 
          defense environmental cleanup program (sec. 3131)......  1310
        Updated plan for verification and monitoring of 
          proliferation of nuclear weapons and fissile material 
          (sec. 3132)............................................  1311
        Report on the use of highly-enriched uranium for naval 
          reactors (sec. 3133)...................................  1311
        Analysis of approaches for supplemental treatment of low-
          activity waste at Hanford Nuclear Reservation (sec. 
          3134)..................................................  1311
        Clarification of annual report and certification on 
          status of security of atomic energy defense facilities 
          (sec. 3135)............................................  1312
        Report on service support contracts and authority for 
          appointment of certain personnel (sec. 3136)...........  1312
        Elimination of certain reporting requirements (sec. 3137)  1312
        Report on United States nuclear deterrence (sec. 3138)...  1313
    Legislative Provisions Not Adopted...........................  1313
        Analyses of options for disposal of high-level 
          radioactive waste......................................  1313
TITLE XXXII--DEFENSE NUCLEAR FACILITIES SAFETY BOARD.............  1313
        Authorization (sec. 3201)................................  1313
TITLE XXXIII--FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION THIRD CLASS MEDICAL 
  REFORM AND GENERAL AVIATION PILOT PROTECTIONS..................  1313
    Legislative Provisions Not Adopted...........................  1313
        Pilot's Bill of Rights 2.................................  1313
TITLE XXXIV--NAVAL PETROLEUM RESERVES............................  1314
        Authorization of appropriations (sec. 3401)..............  1314
TITLE XXXV--MARITIME MATTERS.....................................  1314
    Subtitle A--Maritime Administration, Coast Guard, and 
      Shipping Matters...........................................  1314
        Authorization of the Maritime Administration (sec. 3501).  1314
        Authority to extend certain age restrictions relating to 
          vessels in the Maritime Security Fleet (sec. 3502).....  1314
        Corrections to provisions enacted by Coast Guard 
          Authorization Acts (sec. 3503).........................  1314
        Status of National Defense Reserve Fleet vessels (sec. 
          3504)..................................................  1314
        NDRF National Security Multi-Mission Vessel (sec. 3505)..  1315
        Superintendent of United States Merchant Marine Academy 
          (sec. 3506)............................................  1315
        Use of National Defense Reserve Fleet scrapping proceeds 
          (sec. 3507)............................................  1316
        Floating dry docks (sec. 3508)...........................  1316
        Transportation worker identification credentials for 
          individuals undergoing separation, discharge, or 
          release from the Armed Forces (sec. 3509)..............  1316
        Actions to address sexual harassment and sexual assault 
          at the United States Merchant Marine Academy (sec. 
          3510)..................................................  1317
        Sexual assault response coordinators and sexual assault 
          victim advocates (sec. 3511)...........................  1317
        Report from the Department of Transportation Inspector 
          General (sec. 3512)....................................  1317
        Sexual assault prevention and response working group 
          (sec. 3513)............................................  1318
        Sea Year compliance (sec. 3514)..........................  1318
        State maritime academy physical standards and reporting 
          (sec. 3515)............................................  1318
        Appointments (sec. 3516).................................  1318
        Maritime workforce working group (sec. 3517).............  1319
        Maritime extreme weather task force (sec. 3518)..........  1319
        Workforce plans and onboarding policies (sec. 3519)......  1319
        Drug and alcohol policy (sec. 3520)......................  1319
        Vessel transfers (sec. 3521).............................  1320
        Clarifying amendment; continuation boards (sec. 3522)....  1320
        Polar icebreaker recapitalization plan (sec. 3523).......  1320
        GAO report on icebreaking capability in the United States 
          (sec. 3524)............................................  1320
    Subtitle B--Pribilof Islands Transition Completion...........  1320
        Pribilof Islands Transition Completion (secs. 3531-3533).  1320
    Subtitle C--Sexual Harassment and Assault Prevention at the 
      National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration............  1321
        Actions to address sexual harassment at National Oceanic 
          and Atmospheric Administration (sec. 3541).............  1321
        Actions to address sexual assault at National Oceanic and 
          Atmospheric Administration (sec. 3542).................  1321
        Rights of the victim of a sexual assault (sec. 3543).....  1321
        Change of station (sec. 3544)............................  1321
        Applicability of policies to crews of vessels secured by 
          National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration under 
          contract (sec. 3545)...................................  1322
        Annual report on sexual assaults in the National Oceanic 
          and Atmospheric Administration (sec. 3546).............  1322
        Sexual assault defined (sec. 3547).......................  1322
    Legislative Provisions Not Adopted...........................  1322
        Short title..............................................  1322
        Maritime Administration authorization request............  1322
        Port infrastructure development..........................  1322
        High-speed craft classification services.................  1323
        Short title..............................................  1323
        Definitions..............................................  1323
        Short title..............................................  1323
        Reauthorization of Hydrographic Services Improvement Act 
          of 1998................................................  1323
        Maritime Administration..................................  1323
        Authority to make pro rata annual payments under 
          operating agreements for vessels participating in 
          Maritime Security Fleet................................  1324
        Application of law.......................................  1324
        Commissioned officer corps of the National Oceanic and 
          Atmospheric Administration.............................  1324
        Ballast water............................................  1324
DIVISION D--FUNDING TABLES.......................................  1324
        Authorization of amounts in funding tables (sec. 4001)...  1324
        Summary of National Defense Authorizations for Fiscal 
          Year 2017..............................................  1325
        National Defense Budget Authority Implication............  1331
TITLE XLI--PROCUREMENT...........................................  1334
        Procurement (sec. 4101)..................................  1334
        Procurement for overseas contingency operations (sec. 
          4102)..................................................  1369
        Procurement for overseas contingency operations for base 
          requirements (sec. 4103)...............................  1379
TITLE XLII--RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT, TEST, AND EVALUATION..........  1387
        Research, development, test, and evaluation (sec. 4201)..  1387
        Research, development, test, and evaluation for overseas 
          contingency operations (sec. 4202).....................  1425
        Research, development, test, and evaluation for overseas 
          contingency operations for base requirements (sec. 
          4203)..................................................  1427
TITLE XLIII--OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE...........................  1429
        Operation and maintenance (sec. 4301)....................  1429
        Operation and maintenance for overseas contingency 
          operations (sec. 4302).................................  1451
        Operation and maintenance for overseas contingency 
          operations for base requirements (sec. 4303)...........  1464
TITLE XLIV--MILITARY PERSONNEL...................................  1473
        Military personnel (sec. 4401)...........................  1473
        Military personnel for overseas contingency operations 
          (sec. 4402)............................................  1474
        Military personnel for overseas contingency operations 
          for base requirements (sec. 4403)......................  1474
TITLE XLV--OTHER AUTHORIZATIONS..................................  1475
        Other authorizations (sec. 4501).........................  1475
        Other authorizations for overseas contingency operations 
          (sec. 4502)............................................  1479
        Other authorizations for overseas contingency operations 
          for base requirements (sec. 4503)......................  1481
TITLE XLVI--MILITARY CONSTRUCTION................................  1481
        Military construction (sec. 4601)........................  1481
        Military construction for overseas contingency operations 
          (sec. 4602)............................................  1495
        Military construction for overseas contingency operations 
          for base requirements (sec. 4603)......................  1497
TITLE XLVII--DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY NATIONAL SECURITY PROGRAMS.....  1497
        Department of Energy national security programs (sec. 
          4701)..................................................  1497
DIVISION E--UNIFORM CODE OF MILITARY JUSTICE REFORM..............  1510
        Short title (sec. 5001)..................................  1510
TITLE LI--GENERAL PROVISIONS.....................................  1510
        Definitions (sec. 5101)..................................  1510
        Clarification of persons subject to UCMJ while on 
          inactive-duty training (sec. 5102).....................  1510
        Staff judge advocate disqualification due to prior 
          involvement in case (sec. 5103)........................  1510
        Conforming amendment relating to military magistrates 
          (sec. 5104)............................................  1511
        Rights of victim (sec. 5105).............................  1511
TITLE LII--APPREHENSION AND RESTRAINT............................  1511
        Restraint of persons charged (sec. 5121).................  1511
        Modification of prohibition of confinement of members of 
          the Armed Forces with enemy prisoners and certain 
          others (sec. 5122).....................................  1512
TITLE LIII--NON-JUDICIAL PUNISHMENT..............................  1512
        Modification of confinement as non-judicial punishment 
          (sec. 5141)............................................  1512
TITLE LIV--COURT-MARTIAL JURISDICTION............................  1512
        Courts-martial classified (sec. 5161)....................  1512
        Jurisdiction of general courts-martial (sec. 5162).......  1512
        Jurisdiction of special courts-martial (sec. 5163).......  1513
        Summary court-martial as non-criminal forum (sec. 5164)..  1513
TITLE LV--COMPOSITION OF COURTS-MARTIAL..........................  1513
        Technical amendment relating to persons authorized to 
          convene general courts-martial (sec. 5181).............  1513
        Who may serve on courts-martial and related matters (sec. 
          5182)..................................................  1513
        Number of court-martial members in capital cases (sec. 
          5183)..................................................  1514
        Detailing, qualifications, and other matters relating to 
          military judges (sec. 5184)............................  1514
        Military magistrates (sec. 5185).........................  1514
        Qualifications of trial counsel and defense counsel (sec. 
          5186)..................................................  1515
        Assembly and impaneling of members and related matters 
          (sec. 5187)............................................  1515
TITLE LVI--PRE-TRIAL PROCEDURE...................................  1515
        Charges and specifications (sec. 5201)...................  1515
        Certain proceedings conducted before referral (sec. 5202)  1516
        Preliminary hearing required before referral to general 
          court-martial (sec. 5203)..............................  1516
        Disposition guidance (sec. 5204).........................  1516
        Advice to convening authority before referral for trial 
          (sec. 5205)............................................  1517
        Service of charges and commencement of trial (sec. 5206).  1517
TITLE LVII--TRIAL PROCEDURE......................................  1517
        Duties of assistant defense counsel (sec. 5221)..........  1517
        Sessions (sec. 5222).....................................  1517
        Technical amendment relating to continuances (sec. 5223).  1518
        Conforming amendments relating to challenges (sec. 5224).  1518
        Statute of limitations (sec. 5225).......................  1518
        Former jeopardy (sec. 5226)..............................  1518
        Pleas of the accused (sec. 5227).........................  1519
        Subpoena and other process (sec. 5228)...................  1519
        Refusal of person not subject to UCMJ to appear, testify, 
          or produce evidence (sec. 5229)........................  1519
        Contempt (sec. 5230).....................................  1519
        Depositions (sec. 5231)..................................  1520
        Admissibility of sworn testimony by audiotape or 
          videotape from records of courts of inquiry (sec. 5232)  1520
        Conforming amendment relating to defense of lack of 
          mental responsibility (sec. 5233)......................  1520
        Voting and rulings (sec. 5234)...........................  1521
        Votes required for conviction, sentencing, and other 
          matters (sec. 5235)....................................  1521
        Findings and sentencing (sec. 5236)......................  1521
        Plea agreements (sec. 5237)..............................  1521
        Record of trial (sec. 5238)..............................  1522
TITLE LVIII--SENTENCES...........................................  1522
        Sentencing (sec. 5301)...................................  1522
        Effective date of sentences (sec. 5302)..................  1523
        Sentence of reduction in enlisted grade (sec. 5303)......  1523
TITLE LIX--POST-TRIAL PROCEDURE AND REVIEW OF COURTS-MARTIAL.....  1523
        Post-trial processing in general and special courts-
          martial (sec. 5321)....................................  1523
        Limited authority to act on sentence in specified post-
          trial circumstances (sec. 5322)........................  1523
        Post-trial actions in summary courts-martial and certain 
          general and special courts-martial (sec. 5323).........  1525
        Entry of judgment (sec. 5324)............................  1525
        Waiver of right to appeal and withdrawal of appeal (sec. 
          5325)..................................................  1525
        Appeal by the United States (sec. 5326)..................  1526
        Rehearings (sec. 5327)...................................  1526
        Judge advocate review of finding of guilty in summary 
          court-martial (sec. 5328)..............................  1526
        Transmittal and review of records (sec. 5329)............  1526
        Courts of Criminal Appeals (sec. 5330)...................  1527
        Review by Court of Appeals for the Armed Forces (sec. 
          5331)..................................................  1527
        Supreme Court review (sec. 5332).........................  1527
        Review by Judge Advocate General (sec. 5333).............  1528
        Appellate defense counsel in death penalty cases (sec. 
          5334)..................................................  1528
        Authority for hearing on vacation of suspension of 
          sentence to be conducted by qualified judge advocate 
          (sec. 5335)............................................  1528
        Extension of time for petition for new trial (sec. 5336).  1528
        Restoration (sec. 5337)..................................  1528
        Leave requirements pending review of certain court-
          martial convictions (sec. 5338)........................  1529
TITLE LX--PUNITIVE ARTICLES......................................  1529
        Reorganization of punitive articles (sec. 5401)..........  1529
        Conviction of offense charged, lesser included offenses, 
          and attempts (sec. 5402)...............................  1529
        Soliciting commission of offenses (sec. 5403)............  1529
        Malingering (sec. 5404)..................................  1530
        Breach of medical quarantine (sec. 5405).................  1530
        Missing movement; jumping from vessel (sec. 5406)........  1530
        Offenses against correctional custody and restriction 
          (sec. 5407)............................................  1530
        Disrespect toward superior commissioned officer; assault 
          of superior commissioned officer (sec. 5408)...........  1530
        Willfully disobeying superior commissioned officer (sec. 
          5409)..................................................  1530
        Prohibited activities with military recruit or trainee by 
          person in position of special trust (sec. 5410)........  1531
        Offenses by sentinel or lookout (sec. 5411)..............  1531
        Disrespect toward sentinel or lookout (sec. 5412)........  1531
        Release of prisoner without authority; drinking with 
          prisoner (sec. 5413)...................................  1531
        Penalty for acting as a spy (sec. 5414)..................  1532
        Public records offenses (sec. 5415)......................  1532
        False or unauthorized pass offenses (sec. 5416)..........  1532
        Impersonation offenses (sec. 5417).......................  1532
        Insignia offenses (sec. 5418)............................  1532
        False official statements; false swearing (sec. 5419)....  1533
        Parole violation (sec. 5420).............................  1533
        Wrongful taking, opening, etc. of mail matter (sec. 5421)  1533
        Improper hazarding of vessel or aircraft (sec. 5422).....  1533
        Leaving scene of vehicle accident (sec. 5423)............  1533
        Drunkenness and other incapacitation offenses (sec. 5424)  1534
        Lower blood alcohol content limits for conviction of 
          drunken or reckless operation of vehicle, aircraft, or 
          vessel (sec. 5425).....................................  1534
        Endangerment offenses (sec. 5426)........................  1534
        Communicating threats (sec. 5427)........................  1534
        Technical amendment relating to murder (sec. 5428).......  1534
        Child endangerment (sec. 5429)...........................  1535
        Rape and sexual assault offenses (sec. 5430).............  1535
        Deposit of obscene matter in the mail (sec. 5431)........  1535
        Fraudulent use of credit cards, debit cards, and other 
          access devices (sec. 5432).............................  1535
        False pretenses to obtain services (sec. 5433)...........  1535
        Robbery (sec. 5434)......................................  1536
        Receiving stolen property (sec. 5435)....................  1536
        Offenses concerning Government computers (sec. 5436).....  1536
        Bribery (sec. 5437)......................................  1536
        Graft (sec. 5438)........................................  1536
        Kidnapping (sec. 5439)...................................  1537
        Arson; burning property with intent to defraud (sec. 
          5440)..................................................  1537
        Assault (sec. 5441)......................................  1537
        Burglary and unlawful entry (sec. 5442)..................  1537
        Stalking (sec. 5443).....................................  1537
        Subornation of perjury (sec. 5444).......................  1538
        Obstructing justice (sec. 5445)..........................  1538
        Misprision of serious offense (sec. 5446)................  1538
        Wrongful refusal to testify (sec. 5447)..................  1538
        Prevention of authorized seizure of property (sec. 5448).  1538
        Wrongful interference with adverse administrative 
          proceeding (sec. 5449).................................  1539
        Retaliation (sec. 5450)..................................  1539
        Extraterritorial application of certain offenses (sec. 
          5451)..................................................  1539
        Table of sections (sec. 5452)............................  1539
TITLE LXI--MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS..............................  1540
        Technical amendments relating to courts of inquiry (sec. 
          5501)..................................................  1540
        Technical amendment to Article 136 (sec. 5502)...........  1540
        Articles of Uniform Code of Military Justice to be 
          explained to officers upon commissioning (sec. 5503)...  1540
        Military justice case management; data collection and 
          accessibility (sec. 5504)..............................  1540
TITLE LXII--MILITARY JUSTICE REVIEW PANEL AND ANNUAL REPORTS.....  1541
        Military Justice Review Panel (sec. 5521)................  1541
        Annual reports (sec. 5522)...............................  1541
TITLE LXIII--CONFORMING AMENDMENTS AND EFFECTIVE DATES...........  1542
        Amendments to UCMJ subchapter tables of sections (sec. 
          5541)..................................................  1542
        Effective dates (sec. 5542)..............................  1542
    Legislative Provisions Not Adopted...........................  1542
        Repeal of sentence reduction provision when interim 
          guidance takes effect..................................  1542
        Minimum confinement period required for conviction of 
          certain sex-related offenses committed by members of 
          the Armed Forces.......................................  1542
          
          





114th Congress   }                                      {       Report
                        HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
 2d Session      }                                      {      114-840

======================================================================
 
        NATIONAL DEFENSE AUTHORIZATION ACT FOR FISCAL YEAR 2017

                                _______
                                

               November 30, 2016.--Ordered to be printed

                                _______
                                

           Mr. Thornberry, from the Committee of Conference, 
                        submitted the following

                           CONFERENCE REPORT

                         [To accompany S. 2943]

      The committee of conference on the disagreeing votes of 
the two Houses on the amendment of the House to the bill (S. 
2943), to authorize appropriations for fiscal year 2017 for 
military activities of the Department of Defense, for military 
construction, and for defense activities of the Department of 
Energy, to prescribe military personnel strengths for such 
fiscal year, and for other purposes, having met, after full and 
free conference, have agreed to recommend and do recommend to 
their respective Houses as follows:
      That the Senate recede from its disagreement to the 
amendment of the House and agree to the same with an amendment 
as follows:
      In lieu of the matter proposed to be inserted by the 
House amendment, insert the following:

SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.

    This Act may be cited as the ``National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017''.

SEC. 2. ORGANIZATION OF ACT INTO DIVISIONS; TABLE OF CONTENTS.

    (a) Divisions.--This Act is organized into five divisions 
as follows:
            (1) Division A--Department of Defense 
        Authorizations.
            (2) Division B--Military Construction 
        Authorizations.
            (3) Division C--Department of Energy National 
        Security Authorizations and Other Authorizations.
            (4) Division D--Funding Tables.
            (5) Division E--Uniform Code of Military Justice 
        Reform.
    (b) Table of Contents.--The table of contents for this Act 
is as follows:

Sec. 1. Short title.
Sec. 2. Organization of Act into divisions; table of contents.
Sec. 3. Congressional defense committees.
Sec. 4. Budgetary effects of this Act.

            DIVISION A--DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE AUTHORIZATIONS

                          TITLE I--PROCUREMENT

               Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations

Sec. 101. Authorization of appropriations.

                        Subtitle B--Army Programs

Sec. 111. Multiyear procurement authority for AH-64E Apache helicopters.
Sec. 112. Multiyear procurement authority for UH-60M and HH-60M Black 
          Hawk helicopters.
Sec. 113. Distributed Common Ground System-Army increment 1.
Sec. 114. Assessment of certain capabilities of the Department of the 
          Army.

                        Subtitle C--Navy Programs

Sec. 121. Determination of vessel delivery dates.
Sec. 122. Incremental funding for detail design and construction of LHA 
          replacement ship designated LHA 8.
Sec. 123. Littoral Combat Ship.
Sec. 124. Limitation on use of sole-source shipbuilding contracts for 
          certain vessels.
Sec. 125. Limitation on availability of funds for the Advanced Arresting 
          Gear Program.
Sec. 126. Limitation on availability of funds for procurement of U.S.S. 
          Enterprise (CVN-80).
Sec. 127. Sense of Congress on aircraft carrier procurement schedules.
Sec. 128. Report on P-8 Poseidon aircraft.
Sec. 129. Design and construction of replacement dock landing ship 
          designated LX(R) or amphibious transport dock designated LPD-
          29.

                     Subtitle D--Air Force Programs

Sec. 131. EC-130H Compass Call recapitalization program.
Sec. 132. Repeal of requirement to preserve certain retired C-5 
          aircraft.
Sec. 133. Repeal of requirement to preserve F-117 aircraft in recallable 
          condition.
Sec. 134. Prohibition on availability of funds for retirement of A-10 
          aircraft.
Sec. 135. Limitation on availability of funds for destruction of A-10 
          aircraft in storage status.
Sec. 136. Prohibition on availability of funds for retirement of Joint 
          Surveillance Target Attack Radar System aircraft.
Sec. 137. Elimination of annual report on aircraft inventory.

        Subtitle E--Defense-wide, Joint, and Multiservice Matters

Sec. 141. Standardization of 5.56mm rifle ammunition.
Sec. 142. Fire suppressant and fuel containment standards for certain 
          vehicles.
Sec. 143. Limitation on availability of funds for destruction of certain 
          cluster munitions.
Sec. 144. Report on Department of Defense munitions strategy for the 
          combatant commands.
Sec. 145. Modifications to reporting on use of combat mission 
          requirements funds.
Sec. 146. Report on alternative management structures for the F-35 joint 
          strike fighter program.
Sec. 147. Comptroller General review of F-35 Lightning II aircraft 
          sustainment support.
Sec. 148. Briefing on acquisition strategy for Ground Mobility Vehicle.
Sec. 149. Study and report on optimal mix of aircraft capabilities for 
          the Armed Forces.

          TITLE II--RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT, TEST, AND EVALUATION

               Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations

Sec. 201. Authorization of appropriations.

     Subtitle B--Program Requirements, Restrictions, and Limitations

Sec. 211. Laboratory quality enhancement program.
Sec. 212. Modification of mechanisms to provide funds for defense 
          laboratories for research and development of technologies for 
          military missions.
Sec. 213. Making permanent authority for defense research and 
          development rapid innovation program.
Sec. 214. Authorization for National Defense University and Defense 
          Acquisition University to enter into cooperative research and 
          development agreements.
Sec. 215. Manufacturing Engineering Education Grant Program.
Sec. 216. Notification requirement for certain rapid prototyping, 
          experimentation, and demonstration activities.
Sec. 217. Increased micro-purchase threshold for research programs and 
          entities.
Sec. 218. Improved biosafety for handling of select agents and toxins.
Sec. 219. Designation of Department of Defense senior official with 
          principal responsibility for directed energy weapons.
Sec. 220. Restructuring of the distributed common ground system of the 
          Army.
Sec. 221. Limitation on availability of funds for the countering weapons 
          of mass destruction system Constellation.
Sec. 222. Limitation on availability of funds for Defense Innovation 
          Unit Experimental.
Sec. 223. Limitation on availability of funds for Joint Surveillance 
          Target Attack Radar System (JSTARS) recapitalization program.
Sec. 224. Acquisition program baseline and annual reports on follow-on 
          modernization program for F-35 Joint Strike Fighter.

                  Subtitle C--Reports and Other Matters

Sec. 231. Strategy for assured access to trusted microelectronics.
Sec. 232. Pilot program on evaluation of commercial information 
          technology.
Sec. 233. Pilot program for the enhancement of the research, 
          development, test, and evaluation centers of the Department of 
          Defense.
Sec. 234. Pilot program on modernization and fielding of electromagnetic 
          spectrum warfare systems and electronic warfare capabilities.
Sec. 235. Pilot program on disclosure of certain sensitive information 
          to federal========================================================
                     ___________________________________________________
Sec. 236. Pilot program on enhanced interaction between the Defense 
          Advanced Research Projects Agency and the service academies.
Sec. 237. Independent review of F/A-18 physiological episodes and 
          corrective actions.
Sec. 238. B-21 bomber development program accountability matrices.
Sec. 239. Study on helicopter crash prevention and mitigation 
          technology.
Sec. 240. Strategy for Improving Electronic and Electromagnetic Spectrum 
          Warfare Capabilities.
Sec. 241. Sense of Congress on development and fielding of fifth 
          generation airborne systems.

                  TITLE III--OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE

               Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations

Sec. 301. Authorization of appropriations.

                   Subtitle B--Energy and Environment

Sec. 311. Modified reporting requirement related to installations energy 
          management.
Sec. 312. Waiver authority for alternative fuel procurement requirement.
Sec. 313. Utility data management for military facilities.
Sec. 314. Alternative technologies for munitions disposal.
Sec. 315. Report on efforts to reduce high energy costs at military 
          installations.
Sec. 316. Sense of Congress on funding decisions relating to climate 
          change.

                  Subtitle C--Logistics and Sustainment

Sec. 321. Revision of deployability rating system and planning reform.
Sec. 322. Revision of guidance relating to corrosion control and 
          prevention executives.
Sec. 323. Pilot program for inclusion of certain industrial plants in 
          the Armament Retooling and Manufacturing Support Initiative.
Sec. 324. Repair, recapitalization, and certification of dry docks at 
          naval shipyards.
Sec. 325. Private sector port loading assessment.
Sec. 326. Strategy on revitalizing Army organic industrial base.

                           Subtitle D--Reports

Sec. 331. Modifications to Quarterly Readiness Report to Congress.
Sec. 332. Report on average travel costs of members of the reserve 
          components.
Sec. 333. Report on HH-60G sustainment and Combat Rescue Helicopter 
          program.

                        Subtitle E--Other Matters

Sec. 341. Air navigation matters.
Sec. 342. Contract working dogs.
Sec. 343. Plan, funding documents, and management review relating to 
          explosive ordnance disposal.
Sec. 344. Process for communicating availability of surplus ammunition.
Sec. 345. Mitigation of risks posed by window coverings with accessible 
          cords in certain military housing units.
Sec. 346. Access to military installations by transportation companies.
Sec. 347. Access to wireless high-speed Internet and network connections 
          for certain members of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 348. Limitation on availability of funds for Office of the Under 
          Secretary of Defense for Intelligence.
Sec. 349. Limitation on development and fielding of new camouflage and 
          utility uniforms.
Sec. 350. Plan for improved dedicated adversary air training enterprise 
          of the Air Force.
Sec. 351. Independent review and assessment of the Ready Aircrew Program 
          of the Air Force.
Sec. 352. Study on space-available travel system of the Department of 
          Defense.
Sec. 353. Evaluation of motor carrier safety performance and safety 
          technology.

               TITLE IV--MILITARY PERSONNEL AUTHORIZATIONS

                        Subtitle A--Active Forces

Sec. 401. End strengths for active forces.
Sec. 402. Revisions in permanent active duty end strength minimum 
          levels.

                       Subtitle B--Reserve Forces

Sec. 411. End strengths for Selected Reserve.
Sec. 412. End strengths for reserves on active duty in support of the 
          reserves.
Sec. 413. End strengths for military technicians (dual status).
Sec. 414. Fiscal year 2017 limitation on number of non-dual status 
          technicians.
Sec. 415. Maximum number of reserve personnel authorized to be on active 
          duty for operational support.
Sec. 416. Technical corrections to annual authorization for personnel 
          strengths.

               Subtitle C--Authorization of Appropriations

Sec. 421. Military personnel.

                   TITLE V--MILITARY PERSONNEL POLICY

                  Subtitle A--Officer Personnel Policy

Sec. 501. Reduction in number of general and flag officers on active 
          duty and authorized strength after December 31, 2022, of such 
          general and flag officers.
Sec. 502. Repeal of statutory specification of general or flag officer 
          grade for various positions in the Armed Forces.
Sec. 503. Number of Marine Corps general officers.
Sec. 504. Promotion eligibility period for officers whose confirmation 
          of appointment is delayed due to nonavailability to the Senate 
          of probative information under control of non-Department of 
          Defense agencies.
Sec. 505. Continuation of certain officers on active duty without regard 
          to requirement for retirement for years of service.
Sec. 506. Equal consideration of officers for early retirement or 
          discharge.
Sec. 507. Modification of authority to drop from rolls a commissioned 
          officer.
Sec. 508. Extension of force management authorities allowing enhanced 
          flexibility for officer personnel management.
Sec. 509. Pilot programs on direct commissions to cyber positions.
Sec. 510. Length of joint duty assignments.
Sec. 510A. Revision of definitions used for joint officer management.

                Subtitle B--Reserve Component Management

Sec. 511. Authority for temporary waiver of limitation on term of 
          service of Vice Chief of the National Guard Bureau.
Sec. 512. Rights and protections available to military technicians.
Sec. 513. Inapplicability of certain laws to National Guard technicians 
          performing active Guard and Reserve duty.
Sec. 514. Extension of removal of restrictions on the transfer of 
          officers between the active and inactive National Guard.
Sec. 515. Extension of temporary authority to use Air Force reserve 
          component personnel to provide training and instruction 
          regarding pilot training.
Sec. 516. Expansion of eligibility for deputy commander of combatant 
          command having United States among geographic area of 
          responsibility to include officers of the Reserves.

                 Subtitle C--General Service Authorities

Sec. 521. Matters relating to provision of leave for members of the 
          Armed Forces, including prohibition on leave not expressly 
          authorized by law.
Sec. 522. Transfer of provision relating to expenses incurred in 
          connection with leave canceled due to contingency operations.
Sec. 523. Expansion of authority to execute certain military 
          instruments.
Sec. 524. Medical examination before administrative separation for 
          members with post-traumatic stress disorder or traumatic brain 
          injury in connection with sexual assault.
Sec. 525. Reduction of tenure on the temporary disability retired list.
Sec. 526. Technical correction to voluntary separation pay and benefits.
Sec. 527. Consolidation of Army marketing and pilot program on 
          consolidated Army recruiting.

Subtitle D--Member Whistleblower Protections and Correction of Military 
                                 Records

Sec. 531. Improvements to whistleblower protection procedures.
Sec. 532. Modification of whistleblower protection authorities to 
          restrict contrary findings of prohibited personnel action by 
          the Secretary concerned.
Sec. 533. Availability of certain Correction of Military Records and 
          Discharge Review Board information through the Internet.
Sec. 534. Improvements to authorities and procedures for the correction 
          of military records.
Sec. 535. Treatment by discharge review boards of claims asserting post-
          traumatic stress disorder or traumatic brain injury in 
          connection with combat or sexual trauma as a basis for review 
          of discharge.
Sec. 536. Comptroller General of the United States review of integrity 
          of Department of Defense whistleblower program.

        Subtitle E--Military Justice and Legal Assistance Matters

Sec. 541. United States Court of Appeals for the Armed Forces.
Sec. 542. Effective prosecution and defense in courts-martial and pilot 
          programs on professional military justice development for 
          judge advocates.
Sec. 543. Inclusion in annual reports on sexual assault prevention and 
          response efforts of the Armed Forces of information on 
          complaints of retaliation in connection with reports of sexual 
          assault in the Armed Forces.
Sec. 544. Extension of the requirement for annual report regarding 
          sexual assaults and coordination with release of Family 
          Advocacy Program report.
Sec. 545. Metrics for evaluating the efforts of the Armed Forces to 
          prevent and respond to retaliation in connection with reports 
          of sexual assault in the Armed Forces.
Sec. 546. Training for Department of Defense personnel who investigate 
          claims of retaliation.
Sec. 547. Notification to complainants of resolution of investigations 
          into retaliation.
Sec. 548. Modification of definition of sexual harassment for purposes 
          of investigations by commanding officers of complaints of 
          harassment.
Sec. 549. Improved Department of Defense prevention of and response to 
          hazing in the Armed Forces.

   Subtitle F--National Commission on Military, National, and Public 
                                 Service

Sec. 551. Purpose, scope, and definitions.
Sec. 552. Preliminary report on purpose and utility of registration 
          system under Military Selective Service Act.
Sec. 553. National Commission on Military, National, and Public Service.
Sec. 554. Commission hearings and meetings.
Sec. 555. Principles and procedure for Commission recommendations.
Sec. 556. Executive Director and staff.
Sec. 557. Termination of Commission.

   Subtitle G--Member Education, Training, Resilience, and Transition

Sec. 561. Modification of program to assist members of the Armed Forces 
          in obtaining professional credentials.
Sec. 562. Inclusion of alcohol, prescription drug, opioid, and other 
          substance abuse counseling as part of required preseparation 
          counseling.
Sec. 563. Inclusion of information in Transition Assistance Program 
          regarding effect of receipt of both veteran disability 
          compensation and voluntary separation pay.
Sec. 564. Training under Transition Assistance Program on career and 
          employment opportunities associated with transportation 
          security cards.
Sec. 565. Extension of suicide prevention and resilience program.
Sec. 566. Congressional notification in advance of appointments to 
          service academies.
Sec. 567. Report and guidance on Job Training, Employment Skills 
          Training, Apprenticeships, and Internships and SkillBridge 
          initiatives for members of the Armed Forces who are being 
          separated.
Sec. 568. Military-to-mariner transition.

Subtitle H--Defense Dependents' Education and Military Family Readiness 
                                 Matters

Sec. 571. Continuation of authority to assist local educational agencies 
          that benefit dependents of members of the Armed Forces and 
          Department of Defense civilian employees.
Sec. 572. One-year extension of authorities relating to the transition 
          and support of military dependent students to local 
          educational agencies.
Sec. 573. Annual notice to members of the Armed Forces regarding child 
          custody protections guaranteed by the Servicemembers Civil 
          Relief Act.
Sec. 574. Requirement for annual Family Advocacy Program report 
          regarding child abuse and domestic violence.
Sec. 575. Reporting on allegations of child abuse in military families 
          and homes.
Sec. 576. Repeal of Advisory Council on Dependents' Education.
Sec. 577. Support for programs providing camp experience for children of 
          military families.
Sec. 578. Comptroller General of the United States assessment and report 
          on Exceptional Family Member Programs.
Sec. 579. Impact aid amendments.

                   Subtitle I--Decorations and Awards

Sec. 581. Posthumous advancement of Colonel George E. ``Bud'' Day, 
          United States Air Force, on the retired list.
Sec. 582. Authorization for award of medals for acts of valor during 
          certain contingency operations.
Sec. 583. Authorization for award of the Medal of Honor to Gary M. Rose 
          and James C. McCloughan for acts of valor during the Vietnam 
          War.
Sec. 584. Authorization for award of Distinguished-Service Cross to 
          First Lieutenant Melvin M. Spruiell for acts of valor during 
          World War II.
Sec. 585. Authorization for award of the Distinguished Service Cross to 
          Chaplain (First Lieutenant) Joseph Verbis LaFleur for acts of 
          valor during World War II.
Sec. 586. Review regarding award of Medal of Honor to certain Asian 
          American and Native American Pacific Islander war veterans.

           Subtitle J--Miscellaneous Reports and Other Matters

Sec. 591. Repeal of requirement for a chaplain at the United States Air 
          Force Academy appointed by the President.
Sec. 592. Extension of limitation on reduction in number of military and 
          civilian personnel assigned to duty with service review 
          agencies.
Sec. 593. Annual reports on progress of the Army and the Marine Corps in 
          integrating women into military occupational specialities and 
          units recently opened to women.
Sec. 594. Report on feasability of electronic tracking of operational 
          active-duty service performed by members of the Ready Reserve 
          of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 595. Report on discharge by warrant officers of pilot and other 
          flight officer positions in the Navy, Marine Corps, and Air 
          Force currently discharged by commissioned officers.
Sec. 596. Body mass index test.
Sec. 597. Report on career progression tracks of the Armed Forces for 
          women in combat arms units.

           TITLE VI--COMPENSATION AND OTHER PERSONNEL BENEFITS

                     Subtitle A--Pay and Allowances

Sec. 601. Fiscal year 2017 increase in military basic pay.
Sec. 602. Publication by Department of Defense of actual rates of basic 
          pay payable to members of the Armed Forces by pay grade for 
          annual or other pay periods.
Sec. 603. Extension of authority to provide temporary increase in rates 
          of basic allowance for housing under certain circumstances.
Sec. 604. Reports on a new single-salary pay system for members of the 
          Armed Forces.

           Subtitle B--Bonuses and Special and Incentive Pays

Sec. 611. One-year extension of certain bonus and special pay 
          authorities for reserve forces.
Sec. 612. One-year extension of certain bonus and special pay 
          authorities for health care professionals.
Sec. 613. One-year extension of special pay and bonus authorities for 
          nuclear officers.
Sec. 614. One-year extension of authorities relating to title 37 
          consolidated special pay, incentive pay, and bonus 
          authorities.
Sec. 615. One-year extension of authorities relating to payment of other 
          title 37 bonuses and special pays.
Sec. 616. Aviation incentive pay and bonus matters.
Sec. 617. Conforming amendment to consolidation of special pay, 
          incentive pay, and bonus authorities.
Sec. 618. Technical amendments relating to 2008 consolidation of certain 
          special pay authorities.

            Subtitle C--Travel and Transportation Allowances

Sec. 621. Maximum reimbursement amount for travel expenses of members of 
          the Reserves attending inactive duty training outside of 
          normal commuting distances.

     Subtitle D--Disability Pay, Retired Pay, and Survivor Benefits

        Part I--Amendments in Connection With Retired Pay Reform

Sec. 631. Election period for members in the service academies and 
          inactive Reserves to participate in the modernized retirement 
          system.
Sec. 632. Effect of separation of members from the uniformed services on 
          participation in the Thrift Savings Plan.
Sec. 633. Continuation pay for full Thrift Savings Plan members who have 
          completed 8 to 12 years of service.
Sec. 634. Combat-related special compensation coordinating amendment.

                         Part II--Other Matters

Sec. 641. Use of member's current pay grade and years of service and 
          retired pay cost-of-living adjustments, rather than final 
          retirement pay grade and years of service, in a division of 
          property involving disposable retired pay.
Sec. 642. Equal benefits under Survivor Benefit Plan for survivors of 
          reserve component members who die in the line of duty during 
          inactive-duty training.
Sec. 643. Authority to deduct Survivor Benefit Plan premiums from 
          combat-related special compensation when retired pay not 
          sufficient.
Sec. 644. Extension of allowance covering monthly premium for 
          Servicemembers' Group Life Insurance while in certain overseas 
          areas to cover members in any combat zone or overseas direct 
          support area.
Sec. 645. Authority for payment of pay and allowances and retired and 
          retainer pay pursuant to power of attorney.
Sec. 646. Extension of authority to pay special survivor indemnity 
          allowance under the Survivor Benefit Plan.
Sec. 647. Repeal of obsolete authority for combat-related injury 
          rehabilitation pay.
Sec. 648. Independent assessment of the Survivor Benefit Plan.

Subtitle E--Commissary and Nonappropriated Fund Instrumentality Benefits 
                             and Operations

Sec. 661. Protection and enhancement of access to and savings at 
          commissaries and exchanges.
Sec. 662. Acceptance of Military Star Card at commissaries.

                        Subtitle F--Other Matters

Sec. 671. Recovery of amounts owed to the United States by members of 
          the uniformed services.
Sec. 672. Modification of flat rate per diem requirement for personnel 
          on long-term temporary duty assignments.

                    TITLE VII--HEALTH CARE PROVISIONS

        Subtitle A--Reform of TRICARE and Military Health System

Sec. 701. TRICARE Select and other TRICARE reform.
Sec. 702. Reform of administration of the Defense Health Agency and 
          military medical treatment facilities.
Sec. 703. Military medical treatment facilities.
Sec. 704. Access to urgent and primary care under TRICARE program.
Sec. 705. Value-based purchasing and acquisition of managed care support 
          contracts for TRICARE program.
Sec. 706. Establishment of high performance military-civilian integrated 
          health delivery systems.
Sec. 707. Joint Trauma System.
Sec. 708. Joint Trauma Education and Training Directorate.
Sec. 709. Standardized system for scheduling medical appointments at 
          military treatment facilities.

                 Subtitle B--Other Health Care Benefits

Sec. 711. Extended TRICARE program coverage for certain members of the 
          National Guard and dependents during certain disaster response 
          duty.
Sec. 712. Continuity of health care coverage for Reserve Components.
Sec. 713. Provision of hearing aids to dependents of retired members.
Sec. 714. Coverage of medically necessary food and vitamins for certain 
          conditions under the TRICARE program.
Sec. 715. Eligibility of certain beneficiaries under the TRICARE program 
          for participation in the Federal Employees Dental and Vision 
          Insurance Program.
Sec. 716. Applied behavior analysis.
Sec. 717. Evaluation and treatment of veterans and civilians at military 
          treatment facilities.
Sec. 718. Enhancement of use of telehealth services in military health 
          system.
Sec. 719. Authorization of reimbursement by Department of Defense to 
          entities carrying out State vaccination programs for costs of 
          vaccines provided to covered beneficiaries.

                 Subtitle C--Health Care Administration

Sec. 721. Authority to convert military medical and dental positions to 
          civilian medical and dental positions.
Sec. 722. Prospective payment of funds necessary to provide medical care 
          for the Coast Guard.
Sec. 723. Reduction of administrative requirements relating to automatic 
          renewal of enrollments in TRICARE Prime.
Sec. 724. Modification of authority of Uniformed Services University of 
          the Health Sciences to include undergraduate and other medical 
          education and training programs.
Sec. 725. Adjustment of medical services, personnel authorized 
          strengths, and infrastructure in military health system to 
          maintain readiness and core competencies of health care 
          providers.
Sec. 726. Program to eliminate variability in health outcomes and 
          improve quality of health care services delivered in military 
          medical treatment facilities.
Sec. 727. Acquisition strategy for health care professional staffing 
          services.
Sec. 728. Adoption of core quality performance metrics.
Sec. 729. Improvement of health outcomes and control of costs of health 
          care under TRICARE program through programs to involve covered 
          beneficiaries.
Sec. 730. Accountability for the performance of the military health 
          system of certain leaders within the system.
Sec. 731. Establishment of advisory committees for military treatment 
          facilities.

                  Subtitle D--Reports and Other Matters

Sec. 741. Extension of authority for joint Department of Defense-
          Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Facility Demonstration 
          Fund and report on implementation of information technology 
          capabilities.
Sec. 742. Pilot program on expansion of use of physician assistants to 
          provide mental health care to members of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 743. Pilot program for prescription drug acquisition cost parity in 
          the TRICARE pharmacy benefits program.
Sec. 744. Pilot program on display of wait times at urgent care clinics 
          and pharmacies of military medical treatment facilities.
Sec. 745. Requirement to review and monitor prescribing practices at 
          military treatment facilities of pharmaceutical agents for 
          treatment of post-traumatic stress.
Sec. 746. Department of Defense study on preventing the diversion of 
          opioid medications.
Sec. 747. Incorporation into survey by Department of Defense of 
          questions on experiences of members of the Armed Forces with 
          family planning services and counseling.
Sec. 748. Assessment of transition to TRICARE program by families of 
          members of reserve components called to active duty and 
          elimination of certain charges for such families.
Sec. 749. Oversight of graduate medical education programs of military 
          departments.
Sec. 750. Study on health of helicopter and tiltrotor pilots.
Sec. 751. Comptroller General reports on health care delivery and waste 
          in military health system.

  TITLE VIII--ACQUISITION POLICY, ACQUISITION MANAGEMENT, AND RELATED 
                                 MATTERS

              Subtitle A--Acquisition Policy and Management

Sec. 801. Rapid acquisition authority amendments.
Sec. 802. Authority for temporary service of Principal Military Deputies 
          to the Assistant Secretaries of the military departments for 
          acquisition as Acting Assistant Secretaries.
Sec. 803. Modernization of services acquisition.
Sec. 804. Defense Modernization Account amendments.

          Subtitle B--Department of Defense Acquisition Agility

Sec. 805. Modular open system approach in development of major weapon 
          systems.
Sec. 806. Development, prototyping, and deployment of weapon system 
          components or technology.
Sec. 807. Cost, schedule, and performance of major defense acquisition 
          programs.
Sec. 808. Transparency in major defense acquisition programs.
Sec. 809. Amendments relating to technical data rights.

 Subtitle C--Amendments to General Contracting Authorities, Procedures, 
                             and Limitations

Sec. 811. Modified restrictions on undefinitized contractual actions.
Sec. 812. Amendments relating to inventory and tracking of purchases of 
          services.
Sec. 813. Use of lowest price technically acceptable source selection 
          process.
Sec. 814. Procurement of personal protective equipment.
Sec. 815. Amendments related to detection and avoidance of counterfeit 
          electronic parts.
Sec. 816. Amendments to special emergency procurement authority.
Sec. 817. Compliance with domestic source requirements for footwear 
          furnished to enlisted members of the Armed Forces upon their 
          initial entry into the Armed Forces.
Sec. 818. Extension of authority for enhanced transfer of technology 
          developed at Department of Defense laboratories.
Sec. 819. Modified notification requirement for exercise of waiver 
          authority to acquire vital national security capabilities.
Sec. 820. Defense cost accounting standards.
Sec. 821. Increased micro-purchase threshold applicable to Department of 
          Defense procurements.
Sec. 822. Enhanced competition requirements.
Sec. 823. Revision to effective date of senior executive benchmark 
          compensation for allowable cost limitations.
Sec. 824. Treatment of independent research and development costs on 
          certain contracts.
Sec. 825. Exception to requirement to include cost or price to the 
          Government as a factor in the evaluation of proposals for 
          certain multiple-award task or delivery order contracts.
Sec. 826. Extension of program for comprehensive small business 
          contracting plans.
Sec. 827. Treatment of side-by-side testing of certain equipment, 
          munitions, and technologies manufactured and developed under 
          cooperative research and development agreements as use of 
          competitive procedures.
Sec. 828. Defense Acquisition Challenge Program amendments.
Sec. 829. Preference for fixed-price contracts.
Sec. 830. Requirement to use firm fixed-price contracts for foreign 
          military sales.
Sec. 831. Preference for performance-based contract payments.
Sec. 832. Contractor incentives to achieve savings and improve mission 
          performance.
Sec. 833. Sunset and repeal of certain contracting provisions.
Sec. 834. Flexibility in contracting award program.
Sec. 835. Protection of task order competition.
Sec. 836. Contract closeout authority.
Sec. 837. Closeout of old Department of the Navy contracts.

  Subtitle D--Provisions Relating to Major Defense Acquisition Programs

Sec. 841. Change in date of submission to Congress of Selected 
          Acquisition Reports.
Sec. 842. Amendments relating to independent cost estimation and cost 
          analysis.
Sec. 843.  Revisions to Milestone B determinations.
Sec. 844. Review and report on sustainment planning in the acquisition 
          process.
Sec. 845. Revision to distribution of annual report on operational test 
          and evaluation.
Sec. 846. Repeal of major automated information systems provisions.
Sec. 847. Revisions to definition of major defense acquisition program.
Sec. 848. Acquisition strategy.
Sec. 849. Improved life-cycle cost control.
Sec. 850. Authority to designate increments or blocks of items delivered 
          under major defense acquisition programs as major subprograms 
          for purposes of acquisition reporting.
Sec. 851. Reporting of small business participation on Department of 
          Defense programs.
Sec. 852. Waiver of congressional notification for acquisition of 
          tactical missiles and munitions greater than quantity 
          specified in law.
Sec. 853. Multiple program multiyear contract pilot demonstration 
          program.
Sec. 854. Key performance parameter reduction pilot program.
Sec. 855. Mission integration management.

        Subtitle E--Provisions Relating to Acquisition Workforce

Sec. 861. Project management.
Sec. 862. Authority to waive tenure requirement for program managers for 
          program definition and program execution periods.
Sec. 863. Purposes for which the Department of Defense Acquisition 
          Workforce Development Fund may be used; advisory panel 
          amendments.
Sec. 864. Department of Defense Acquisition Workforce Development Fund 
          determination adjustment.
Sec. 865. Limitations on funds used for staff augmentation contracts at 
          management headquarters of the Department of Defense and the 
          military departments.
Sec. 866. Senior Military Acquisition Advisors in the Defense 
          Acquisition Corps.
Sec. 867. Authority of the Secretary of Defense under the acquisition 
          demonstration project.

           Subtitle F--Provisions Relating to Commercial Items

Sec. 871. Market research for determination of price reasonableness in 
          acquisition of commercial items.
Sec. 872. Value analysis for the determination of price reasonableness.
Sec. 873. Clarification of requirements relating to commercial item 
          determinations.
Sec. 874. Inapplicability of certain laws and regulations to the 
          acquisition of commercial items and commercially available 
          off-the-shelf items.
Sec. 875. Use of commercial or non-Government standards in lieu of 
          military specifications and standards.
Sec. 876. Preference for commercial services.
Sec. 877. Treatment of commingled items purchased by contractors as 
          commercial items.
Sec. 878. Treatment of services provided by nontraditional contractors 
          as commercial items.
Sec. 879. Defense pilot program for authority to acquire innovative 
          commercial items, technologies, and services using general 
          solicitation competitive procedures.
Sec. 880. Pilot programs for authority to acquire innovative commercial 
          items using general solicitation competitive procedures.

                   Subtitle G--Industrial Base Matters

Sec. 881. Greater integration of the national technology and industrial 
          base.
Sec. 882. Integration of civil and military roles in attaining national 
          technology and industrial base objectives.
Sec. 883. Pilot program for distribution support and services for weapon 
          systems contractors.
Sec. 884. Nontraditional and small contractor innovation prototyping 
          program.

                        Subtitle H--Other Matters

Sec. 885. Report on bid protests.
Sec. 886. Review and report on indefinite delivery contracts.
Sec. 887.  Review and report on contractual flow-down provisions.
Sec. 888. Requirement and review relating to use of brand names or 
          brand-name or equivalent descriptions in solicitations.
Sec. 889. Inclusion of information on common grounds for sustaining bid 
          protests in annual Government Accountability Office reports to 
          Congress.
Sec. 890. Study and report on contracts awarded to minority-owned and 
          women-owned businesses.
Sec. 891. Authority to provide reimbursable auditing services to certain 
          non-Defense Agencies.
Sec. 892. Selection of service providers for auditing services and audit 
          readiness services.
Sec. 893. Amendments to contractor business system requirements.
Sec. 894. Improved management practices to reduce cost and improve 
          performance of certain Department of Defense organizations.
Sec. 895. Exemption from requirement for capital planning and investment 
          control for information technology equipment included as 
          integral part of a weapon or weapon system.
Sec. 896. Modifications to pilot program for streamlining awards for 
          innovative technology projects.
Sec. 897. Rapid prototyping funds for the military departments.
Sec. 898. Establishment of Panel on Department of Defense and AbilityOne 
          Contracting Oversight, Accountability, and Integrity; Defense 
          Acquisition University training.
Sec. 899. Coast Guard major acquisition programs.
Sec. 899A. Enhanced authority to acquire products and services produced 
          in Africa in support of certain activities.

       TITLE IX--DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE ORGANIZATION AND MANAGEMENT

   Subtitle A--Office of the Secretary of Defense and Related Matters

Sec. 901. Organization of the Office of the Secretary of Defense.
Sec. 902. Responsibilities and reporting of the Chief Information 
          Officer of the Department of Defense.
Sec. 903. Maximum number of personnel in the Office of the Secretary of 
          Defense and other Department of Defense headquarters offices.
Sec. 904. Repeal of Financial Management Modernization Executive 
          Committee.

  Subtitle B--Organization and Management of the Department of Defense 
                                Generally

Sec. 911. Organizational strategy for the Department of Defense.
Sec. 912. Policy, organization, and management goals and priorities of 
          the Secretary of Defense for the Department of Defense.
Sec. 913. Secretary of Defense delivery unit.
Sec. 914. Performance of civilian functions by military personnel.
Sec. 915. Repeal of requirements relating to efficiencies plan for the 
          civilian personnel workforce and service contractor workforce 
          of the Department of Defense.

     Subtitle C--Joint Chiefs of Staff and Combatant Command Matters

Sec. 921. Joint Chiefs of Staff and related combatant command matters.
Sec. 922. Organization of the Department of Defense for management of 
          special operations forces and special operations.
Sec. 923. Establishment of unified combatant command for cyber 
          operations.
Sec. 924. Assigned forces of the combatant commands.
Sec. 925. Modifications to the requirements process.
Sec. 926. Review of combatant command organization.

 Subtitle D--Organization and Management of Other Department of Defense 
                          Offices and Elements

Sec. 931. Qualifications for appointment of the Secretaries of the 
          military departments.
Sec. 932. Enhanced personnel management authorities for the Chief of the 
          National Guard Bureau.
Sec. 933. Reorganization and redesignation of Office of Family Policy 
          and Office of Community Support for Military Families with 
          Special Needs.
Sec. 934. Redesignation of Assistant Secretary of the Air Force for 
          Acquisition as Assistant Secretary of the Air Force for 
          Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics.

          Subtitle E--Strategies, Reports, and Related Matters

Sec. 941. National defense strategy.
Sec. 942. Commission on the National Defense Strategy for the United 
          States.
Sec. 943. Reform of the national military strategy.
Sec. 944. Form of annual national security strategy report.
Sec. 945. Modification to independent study of national security 
          strategy formulation process.

                        Subtitle F--Other Matters

Sec. 951. Enhanced security programs for Department of Defense personnel 
          and innovation initiatives.
Sec. 952. Modification of authority of the Secretary of Defense relating 
          to protection of the Pentagon Reservation and other Department 
          of Defense facilities in the National Capital Region.
Sec. 953. Modifications to requirements for accounting for members of 
          the Armed Forces and Department of Defense civilian employees 
          listed as missing.
Sec. 954. Modifications to corrosion report.

                       TITLE X--GENERAL PROVISIONS

                      Subtitle A--Financial Matters

Sec. 1001. General transfer authority.
Sec. 1002. Report on auditable financial statements.
Sec. 1003. Increased use of commercial data integration and analysis 
          products for the purpose of preparing financial statement 
          audits.
Sec. 1004. Sense of Congress on sequestration.
Sec. 1005. Requirement to transfer funds from Department of Defense 
          Acquisition Workforce Development Fund to the Treasury.

                   Subtitle B--Counterdrug Activities

Sec. 1011. Codification and modification of authority to provide support 
          for counterdrug activities and activities to counter 
          transnational organized crime of civilian law enforcement 
          agencies.
Sec. 1012. Secretary of Defense review of curricula and program 
          structures of National Guard counterdrug schools.
Sec. 1013. Extension of authority to support unified counterdrug and 
          counterterrorism campaign in Colombia.
Sec. 1014. Enhancement of information sharing and coordination of 
          military training between Department of Homeland Security and 
          Department of Defense.

                 Subtitle C--Naval Vessels and Shipyards

Sec. 1021. Definition of short-term work with respect to overhaul, 
          repair, or maintenance of naval vessels.
Sec. 1022. Warranty requirements for shipbuilding contracts.
Sec. 1023. National Sea-Based Deterrence Fund.
Sec. 1024. Availability of funds for retirement or inactivation of 
          Ticonderoga-class cruisers or dock landing ships.

                      Subtitle D--Counterterrorism

Sec. 1031. Frequency of counterterrorism operations briefings.
Sec. 1032. Prohibition on use of funds for transfer or release of 
          individuals detained at United States Naval Station, 
          Guantanamo Bay, Cub, to the United States.
Sec. 1033. Prohibition on use of funds to construct or modify facilities 
          in the United States to house detainees transferred from 
          United States Naval Station, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba.
Sec. 1034. Prohibition on use of funds for transfer or release to 
          certain countries of individuals detained at United States 
          Naval Station, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba.
Sec. 1035. Prohibition on use of funds for realignment of forces at or 
          closure of United States Naval Station, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba.
Sec. 1036. Congressional notification requirements for sensitive 
          military operations.

          Subtitle E--Miscellaneous Authorities and Limitations

Sec. 1041. Expanded authority for transportation by the Department of 
          Defense of non-Department of Defense personnel and cargo.
Sec. 1042. Reduction in minimum number of Navy carrier air wings and 
          carrier air wing headquarters required to be maintained.
Sec. 1043. Modification to support for non-Federal development and 
          testing of material for chemical agent defense.
Sec. 1044. Protection of certain Federal spectrum operations.
Sec. 1045. Prohibition on use of funds for retirement of legacy maritime 
          mine countermeasures platforms.
Sec. 1046. Extension of authority of Secretary of Transportation to 
          issue non-premium aviation insurance.
Sec. 1047. Evaluation of Navy alternate combination cover and unisex 
          combination cover.
Sec. 1048. Independent evaluation of Department of Defense excess 
          property program.
Sec. 1049. Waiver of certain polygraph examination requirements.
Sec. 1050. Use of Transportation Worker Identification Credential to 
          gain access at Department of Defense installations.
Sec. 1051. Limitation on availability of funds for destruction of 
          certain landmines and briefing on development of replacement 
          anti-personnel landmine munitions.
Sec. 1052. Transition of Air Force to operation of remotely piloted 
          aircraft by enlisted personnel.
Sec. 1053. Prohibition on divestment of Marine Corps Search and Rescue 
          Units.
Sec. 1054. Support for the Associate Director of the Central 
          Intelligence Agency for Military Affairs.
Sec. 1055. Notification on the provision of defense sensitive support.
Sec. 1056. Prohibition on enforcement of military commission rulings 
          preventing members of the Armed Forces from carrying out 
          otherwise lawful duties based on member sex.

                     Subtitle F--Studies and Reports

Sec. 1061. Temporary continuation of certain Department of Defense 
          reporting requirements.
Sec. 1062. Reports on programs managed under alternative compensatory 
          control measures in the Department of Defense.
Sec. 1063. Matters for inclusion in report on designation of countries 
          for which rewards may be paid under Department of Defense 
          rewards program.
Sec. 1064. Annual reports on unfunded priorities of the Armed Forces and 
          the combatant commands and annual report on combatant command 
          requirements.
Sec. 1065. Management and reviews of electromagnetic spectrum.
Sec. 1066. Requirement for notice and reporting to Committees on Armed 
          Services on certain expenditures of funds by Defense 
          Intelligence Agency.
Sec. 1067. Congressional notification of biological select agent and 
          toxin theft, loss, or release involving the Department of 
          Defense.
Sec. 1068. Report on service-provided support and enabling capabilities 
          to United States special operations forces.
Sec. 1069. Report on citizen security responsibilities in the Northern 
          Triangle of Central America.
Sec. 1070. Report on counterproliferation activities and programs.
Sec. 1071. Report on testing and integration of minehunting sonar 
          systems to improve Littoral Combat Ship minehunting 
          capabilities.
Sec. 1072. Quarterly reports on parachute jumps conducted at Fort Bragg 
          and Pope Army Airfield and Air Force support for such jumps.
Sec. 1073. Study on military helicopter noise.
Sec. 1074. Independent review of United States military strategy and 
          force posture in the United States Pacific Command area of 
          responsibility.
Sec. 1075. Assessment of the joint ground forces of the Armed Forces.

                        Subtitle G--Other Matters

Sec. 1081. Technical and clerical amendments.
Sec. 1082. Increase in maximum amount available for equipment, services, 
          and supplies provided for humanitarian demining assistance.
Sec. 1083. Liquidation of unpaid credits accrued as a result of 
          transactions under a cross-servicing agreement.
Sec. 1084. Modification of requirements relating to management of 
          military technicians.
Sec. 1085. Streamlining of the National Security Council.
Sec. 1086. National biodefense strategy.
Sec. 1087. Global Cultural Knowledge Network.
Sec. 1088. Sense of Congress regarding Connecticut's Submarine Century.
Sec. 1089. Sense of Congress regarding the reporting of the MV-22 mishap 
          in Marana, Arizona, on April 8, 2000.
Sec. 1090. Cost of Wars.
Sec. 1091. Reconnaissance Strike Group matters.
Sec. 1092. Border security metrics.
Sec. 1093. Program to commemorate the 100th anniversary of the Tomb of 
          the Unknown Soldier.
Sec. 1094. Sense of Congress regarding the OCONUS basing of the KC-46A 
          aircraft.
Sec. 1095. Designation of a Department of Defense Strategic Arctic Port.
Sec. 1096. Recovery of excess rifles, ammunition, and parts granted to 
          foreign countries and transfer to certain persons.

                  TITLE XI--CIVILIAN PERSONNEL MATTERS

           Subtitle A--Department of Defense Matters Generally

Sec. 1101. Civilian personnel management.
Sec. 1102. Repeal of requirement for annual strategic workforce plan for 
          the Department of Defense.
Sec. 1103. Training for employment personnel of Department of Defense on 
          matters relating to authorities for recruitment and retention 
          at United States Cyber Command.
Sec. 1104. Public-private talent exchange.
Sec. 1105. Temporary and term appointments in the competitive service in 
          the Department of Defense.
Sec. 1106. Direct-hire authority for the Department of Defense for post-
          secondary students and recent graduates.
Sec. 1107. Temporary increase in maximum amount of voluntary separation 
          incentive pay authorized for civilian employees of the 
          Department of Defense.
Sec. 1108. Extension of rate of overtime pay for Department of the Navy 
          employees performing work aboard or dockside in support of the 
          nuclear-powered aircraft carrier forward deployed in Japan.
Sec. 1109. Limitation on number of DOD SES positions.
Sec. 1110. Direct hire authority for financial management experts in the 
          Department of Defense workforce.
Sec. 1111. Repeal of certain basis for appointment of a retired member 
          of the Armed Forces to Department of Defense position within 
          180 days of retirement.

 Subtitle B--Department of Defense Science and Technology Laboratories 
                           and Related Matters

Sec. 1121. Permanent personnel management authority for the Department 
          of Defense for experts in science and engineering.
Sec. 1122. Codification and modification of certain authorities for 
          certain positions at Department of Defense research and 
          engineering laboratories.
Sec. 1123. Modification to information technology personnel exchange 
          program.
Sec. 1124. Pilot program on enhanced pay authority for certain research 
          and technology positions in the science and technology 
          reinvention laboratories of the Department of Defense.
Sec. 1125. Temporary direct hire authority for domestic defense 
          industrial base facilities, the Major Range and Test 
          Facilities Base, and the Office of the Director of Operational 
          Test and Evaluation.

                   Subtitle C--Governmentwide Matters

Sec. 1131. Elimination of two-year eligibility limitation for 
          noncompetitive appointment of spouses of members of the Armed 
          Forces.
Sec. 1132. Temporary personnel flexibilities for domestic defense 
          industrial base facilities and Major Range and Test Facilities 
          Base civilian personnel.
Sec. 1133. One-year extension of temporary authority to grant 
          allowances, benefits, and gratuities to civilian personnel on 
          official duty in a combat zone.
Sec. 1134. Advance payments for employees relocating within the United 
          States and its territories.
Sec. 1135. Eligibility of employees in a time-limited appointment to 
          compete for a permanent appointment at any Federal agency.
Sec. 1136.  Review of official personnel file of former Federal 
          employees before rehiring.
Sec. 1137. One-year extension of authority to waive annual limitation on 
          premium pay and aggregate limitation on pay for Federal 
          civilian employees working overseas.
Sec. 1138. Administrative leave.
Sec. 1139. Direct hiring for Federal wage schedule employees.
Sec. 1140. Record of investigation of personnel action in separated 
          employee's official personnel file.

             TITLE XII--MATTERS RELATING TO FOREIGN NATIONS

                   Subtitle A--Assistance and Training

Sec. 1201. One-year extension of logistical support for coalition forces 
          supporting certain United States military operations.
Sec. 1202. Special Defense Acquisition Fund matters.
Sec. 1203. Codification of authority for support of special operations 
          to combat terrorism.
Sec. 1204. Independent evaluation of strategic framework for Department 
          of Defense security cooperation.
Sec. 1205. Sense of Congress regarding an assessment, monitoring, and 
          evaluation framework for security cooperation.

        Subtitle B--Matters Relating to Afghanistan and Pakistan

Sec. 1211. Extension and modification of Commanders' Emergency Response 
          Program.
Sec. 1212. Extension of authority to acquire products and services 
          produced in countries along a major route of supply to 
          Afghanistan.
Sec. 1213. Extension and modification of authority to transfer defense 
          articles and provide defense services to the military and 
          security forces of Afghanistan.
Sec. 1214. Special immigrant status for certain Afghans.
Sec. 1215. Modification to semiannual report on enhancing security and 
          stability in Afghanistan.
Sec. 1216. Prohibition on use of funds for certain programs and projects 
          of the Department of Defense in Afghanistan that cannot be 
          safely accessed by United States Government personnel.
Sec. 1217. Improvement of oversight of United States Government efforts 
          in Afghanistan.
Sec. 1218. Extension and modification of authority for reimbursement of 
          certain coalition nations for support provided to United 
          States military operations.

          Subtitle C--Matters Relating to Syria, Iraq, and Iran

Sec. 1221. Modification and extension of authority to provide assistance 
          to the vetted Syrian opposition.
Sec. 1222. Modification and extension of authority to provide assistance 
          to counter the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant.
Sec. 1223. Extension and modification of authority to support operations 
          and activities of the Office of Security Cooperation in Iraq.
Sec. 1224. Limitation on provision of man-portable air defense systems 
          to the vetted Syrian opposition during fiscal year 2017.
Sec. 1225. Modification of annual report on military power of Iran.
Sec. 1226. Quarterly report on confirmed ballistic missile launches from 
          Iran.

         Subtitle D--Matters Relating to the Russian Federation

Sec. 1231. Military response options to Russian Federation violation of 
          INF Treaty.
Sec. 1232. Limitation on military cooperation between the United States 
          and the Russian Federation.
Sec. 1233. Extension and modification of authority on training for 
          Eastern European national military forces in the course of 
          multilateral exercises.
Sec. 1234. Prohibition on availability of funds relating to sovereignty 
          of the Russian Federation over Crimea.
Sec. 1235. Annual report on military and security developments involving 
          the Russian Federation.
Sec. 1236. Limitation on use of funds to vote to approve or otherwise 
          adopt any implementing decision of the Open Skies Consultative 
          Commission and related requirements.
Sec. 1237. Extension and enhancement of Ukraine Security Assistance 
          Initiative.
Sec. 1238. Reports on INF Treaty and Open Skies Treaty.

    Subtitle E--Reform of Department of Defense Security Cooperation

Sec. 1241. Enactment of new chapter for defense security cooperation.
Sec. 1242. Military-to-military exchanges.
Sec. 1243. Consolidation and revision of authorities for payment of 
          personnel expenses necessary for theater security cooperation.
Sec. 1244. Transfer and revision of certain authorities on payment of 
          expenses of training and exercises with friendly foreign 
          forces.
Sec. 1245. Transfer and revision of authority to provide operational 
          support to forces of friendly foreign countries.
Sec. 1246. Department of Defense State Partnership Program.
Sec. 1247. Transfer of authority on Regional Defense Combating Terrorism 
          Fellowship Program.
Sec. 1248. Consolidation of authorities for service academy 
          international engagement.
Sec. 1249. Consolidated annual budget for security cooperation programs 
          and activities of the Department of Defense.
Sec. 1250. Department of Defense security cooperation workforce 
          development.
Sec. 1251. Reporting requirements.
Sec. 1252. Quadrennial review of security sector assistance programs and 
          authorities of the United States Government.
Sec. 1253. Other conforming amendments and authority for administration.

                   Subtitle F--Human Rights Sanctions

Sec. 1261. Short title.
Sec. 1262. Definitions.
Sec. 1263. Authorization of imposition of sanctions.
Sec. 1264. Reports to Congress.
Sec. 1265. Sunset.

                    Subtitle G--Miscellaneous Reports

Sec. 1271. Modification of annual report on military and security 
          developments involving the People's Republic of China.
Sec. 1272. Monitoring and evaluation of overseas humanitarian, disaster, 
          and civic aid programs of the Department of Defense.
Sec. 1273. Strategy for United States defense interests in Africa.
Sec. 1274. Report on the potential for cooperation between the United 
          States and Israel on directed energy capabilities.
Sec. 1275. Annual update of Department of Defense Freedom of Navigation 
          Report.
Sec. 1276. Assessment of proliferation of certain remotely piloted 
          aircraft systems.

                        Subtitle H--Other Matters

Sec. 1281. Enhancement of interagency support during contingency 
          operations and transition periods.
Sec. 1282. Two-year extension and modification of authorization of non-
          conventional assisted recovery capabilities.
Sec. 1283. Authority to destroy certain specified World War II-era 
          United States-origin chemical munitions located on San Jose 
          Island, Republic of Panama.
Sec. 1284. Sense of Congress on military exchanges between the United 
          States and Taiwan.
Sec. 1285. Limitation on availability of funds to implement the Arms 
          Trade Treaty.
Sec. 1286. Prohibition on use of funds to invite, assist, or otherwise 
          assure the participation of Cuba in certain joint or 
          multilateral exercises.
Sec. 1287. Global Engagement Center.
Sec. 1288. Modification of United States International Broadcasting Act 
          of 1994.
Sec. 1289. Redesignation of South China Sea Initiative.
Sec. 1290. Measures against persons involved in activities that violate 
          arms control treaties or agreements with the United States.
Sec. 1291. Agreements with foreign governments to develop land-based 
          water resources in support of and in preparation for 
          contingency operations.
Sec. 1292. Enhancing defense and security cooperation with India.
Sec. 1293. Coordination of efforts to develop free trade agreements with 
          sub-Saharan African countries.
Sec. 1294. Extension and expansion of authority to support border 
          security operations of certain foreign countries.
Sec. 1295. Modification and clarification of United States-Israel anti-
          tunnel cooperation authority.
Sec. 1296. Maintenance of prohibition on procurement by Department of 
          Defense of People's Republic of China-origin items that meet 
          the definition of goods and services controlled as munitions 
          items when moved to the ``600 series'' of the Commerce Control 
          List.
Sec. 1297. International sales process improvements.
Sec. 1298. Efforts to end modern slavery.

                TITLE XIII--COOPERATIVE THREAT REDUCTION

Sec. 1301. Specification of Cooperative Threat Reduction funds.
Sec. 1302. Funding allocations.
Sec. 1303. Limitation on availability of funds for Cooperative Threat 
          Reduction in People's Republic of China.

                     TITLE XIV--OTHER AUTHORIZATIONS

                      Subtitle A--Military Programs

Sec. 1401. Working capital funds.
Sec. 1402. Chemical Agents and Munitions Destruction, Defense.
Sec. 1403. Drug Interdiction and Counter-Drug Activities, Defense-wide.
Sec. 1404. Defense Inspector General.
Sec. 1405. Defense Health Program.

                 Subtitle B--National Defense Stockpile

Sec. 1411. Authority to dispose of certain materials from and to acquire 
          additional materials for the National Defense Stockpile.
Sec. 1412. National Defense Stockpile matters.

              Subtitle C--Chemical Demilitarization Matters

Sec. 1421. National Academies of Sciences study on conventional 
          munitions demilitarization alternative technologies.

                        Subtitle D--Other Matters

Sec. 1431. Authority for transfer of funds to joint Department of 
          Defense-Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Facility 
          Demonstration Fund for Captain James A. Lovell Health Care 
          Center, Illinois.
Sec. 1432. Authorization of appropriations for Armed Forces Retirement 
          Home.

   TITLE XV--AUTHORIZATION OF ADDITIONAL APPROPRIATIONS FOR OVERSEAS 
                         CONTINGENCY OPERATIONS

               Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations

Sec. 1501. Purpose and treatment of certain authorizations of 
          appropriations.
Sec. 1502. Procurement.
Sec. 1503. Research, development, test, and evaluation.
Sec. 1504. Operation and maintenance.
Sec. 1505. Military personnel.
Sec. 1506. Working capital funds.
Sec. 1507. Drug Interdiction and Counter-Drug Activities, Defense-wide.
Sec. 1508. Defense Inspector General.
Sec. 1509. Defense Health program.

                      Subtitle B--Financial Matters

Sec. 1511. Treatment as additional authorizations.
Sec. 1512. Special transfer authority.

           Subtitle C--Limitations, Reports, and Other Matters

Sec. 1521. Afghanistan Security Forces Fund.
Sec. 1522. Joint Improvised Explosive Device Defeat Fund.
Sec. 1523. Extension of authority to use Joint Improvised Explosive 
          Device Defeat Fund for training of foreign security forces to 
          defeat improvised explosive devices.
Sec. 1524. Overseas contingency operations.
Sec. 1525. Extension and modification of authorities on Counterterrorism 
          Partnerships Fund.

     TITLE XVI--STRATEGIC PROGRAMS, CYBER, AND INTELLIGENCE MATTERS

                      Subtitle A--Space Activities

Sec. 1601. Repeal of provision permitting the use of rocket engines from 
          the Russian Federation for the evolved expendable launch 
          vehicle program.
Sec. 1602. Exception to the prohibition on contracting with Russian 
          suppliers of rocket engines for the evolved expendable launch 
          vehicle program.
Sec. 1603. Rocket propulsion system to replace RD-180.
Sec. 1604. Plan for use of allied launch vehicles.
Sec. 1605. Analysis of alternatives for wide-band communications.
Sec. 1606. Modification of pilot program for acquisition of commercial 
          satellite communication services.
Sec. 1607. Space-based environmental monitoring.
Sec. 1608. Prohibition on use of certain non-allied positioning, 
          navigation, and timing systems.
Sec. 1609. Limitation of availability of funds for the Joint Space 
          Operations Center Mission System.
Sec. 1610. Limitations on availability of funds for the Global 
          Positioning System Next Generation Operational Control System.
Sec. 1611. Availability of funds for certain secure voice conferencing 
          capabilities.
Sec. 1612. Space-based infrared system and advanced extremely high 
          frequency program.
Sec. 1613. Pilot program on commercial weather data.
Sec. 1614. Plans on transfer of acquisition and funding authority of 
          certain weather missions to National Reconnaissance Office.
Sec. 1615. Five-year plan for Joint Interagency Combined Space 
          Operations Center.
Sec. 1616. Organization and management of national security space 
          activities of the Department of Defense.
Sec. 1617. Review of charter of Operationally Responsive Space Program 
          Office.
Sec. 1618. Backup and complementary positioning, navigation, and timing 
          capabilities of Global Positioning System.
Sec. 1619. Report on use of spacecraft assets of the space-based 
          infrared system wide-field-of-view program.
Sec. 1620. Provision of certain information to Government Accountability 
          Office by National Reconnaissance Office.
Sec. 1621. Cost-benefit analysis of commercial use of excess ballistic 
          missile solid rocket motors.
Sec. 1622. Independent assessment of Global Positioning System Next 
          Generation Operational Control System.

  Subtitle B--Defense Intelligence and Intelligence-Related Activities

Sec. 1631. Report on United States Central Command Intelligence Fusion 
          Center.
Sec. 1632. Prohibition on availability of funds for certain relocation 
          activities for NATO Intelligence Fusion Cell.
Sec. 1633. Survey and review of Defense Intelligence Enterprise.

                 Subtitle C--Cyberspace-Related Matters

Sec. 1641. Special emergency procurement authority to facilitate the 
          defense against or recovery from a cyber attack.
Sec. 1642. Limitation on termination of dual-hat arrangement for 
          Commander of the United States Cyber Command.
Sec. 1643. Cyber mission forces matters.
Sec. 1644. Requirement to enter into agreements relating to use of cyber 
          opposition forces.
Sec. 1645. Cyber protection support for Department of Defense personnel 
          in positions highly vulnerable to cyber attack.
Sec. 1646. Limitation on full deployment of joint regional security 
          stacks.
Sec. 1647. Advisory committee on industrial security and industrial base 
          policy.
Sec. 1648. Change in name of National Defense University's Information 
          Resources Management College to College of Information and 
          Cyberspace.
Sec. 1649. Evaluation of cyber vulnerabilities of F-35 aircraft and 
          support systems.
Sec. 1650. Evaluation of cyber vulnerabilities of Department of Defense 
          critical infrastructure.
Sec. 1651. Strategy to incorporate Army reserve component cyber 
          protection teams into Department of Defense cyber mission 
          force.
Sec. 1652. Strategic Plan for the Defense Information Systems Agency.
Sec. 1653. Plan for information security continuous monitoring 
          capability and comply-to-connect policy; limitation on 
          software licensing.
Sec. 1654. Reports on deterrence of adversaries in cyberspace.
Sec. 1655. Sense of Congress on cyber resiliency of the networks and 
          communications systems of the National Guard.

                       Subtitle D--Nuclear Forces

Sec. 1661. Improvements to Council on Oversight of National Leadership 
          Command, Control, and Communications System.
Sec. 1662. Treatment of certain sensitive information by State and local 
          governments.
Sec. 1663. Procurement authority for certain parts of intercontinental 
          ballistic missile fuzes.
Sec. 1664. Prohibition on availability of funds for mobile variant of 
          ground-based strategic deterrent missile.
Sec. 1665. Limitation on availability of funds for extension of New 
          START Treaty.
Sec. 1666. Certifications regarding integrated tactical warning and 
          attack assessment mission of the Air Force.
Sec. 1667. Matters relating to intercontinental ballistic missiles.
Sec. 1668. Requests for forces to meet security requirements for land-
          based nuclear forces.
Sec. 1669. Report on Russian and Chinese political and military 
          leadership survivability, command and control, and continuity 
          of government programs and activities.
Sec. 1670. Review by Comptroller General of the United States of 
          recommendations relating to nuclear enterprise of Department 
          of Defense.
Sec. 1671. Sense of Congress on nuclear deterrence.
Sec. 1672. Sense of Congress on importance of independent nuclear 
          deterrent of United Kingdom.

                  Subtitle E--Missile Defense Programs

Sec. 1681. National missile defense policy.
Sec. 1682. Extensions of prohibitions relating to missile defense 
          information and systems.
Sec. 1683. Non-terrestrial missile defense intercept and defeat 
          capability for the ballistic missile defense system.
Sec. 1684. Review of the missile defeat policy and strategy of the 
          United States.
Sec. 1685. Maximizing Aegis Ashore capability and developing medium 
          range discrimination radar.
Sec. 1686. Technical authority for integrated air and missile defense 
          activities and programs.
Sec. 1687. Hypersonic defense capability development.
Sec. 1688. Conventional Prompt Global Strike weapons system.
Sec. 1689. Required testing by Missile Defense Agency of ground-based 
          midcourse defense element of ballistic missile defense system.
Sec. 1690. Iron Dome short-range rocket defense system and Israeli 
          cooperative missile defense program codevelopment and 
          coproduction.
Sec. 1691. Limitations on availability of funds for lower tier air and 
          missile defense capability of the Army.
Sec. 1692. Pilot program on loss of unclassified, controlled technical 
          information.
Sec. 1693. Plan for procurement of medium-range discrimination radar to 
          improve homeland missile defense.
Sec. 1694. Review of Missile Defense Agency budget submissions for 
          ground-based midcourse defense and evaluation of alternative 
          ground-based interceptor deployments.
Sec. 1695. Semiannual notifications on missile defense tests and costs.
Sec. 1696. Reports on unfunded priorities of the Missile Defense Agency.

                        Subtitle F--Other Matters

Sec. 1697. Protection of certain facilities and assets from unmanned 
          aircraft.
Sec. 1698. Harmful interference to Department of Defense Global 
          Positioning System.

          TITLE XVII--GUAM WORLD WAR II LOYALTY RECOGNITION ACT

Sec. 1701. Short title.
Sec. 1702. Recognition of the suffering and loyalty of the residents of 
          Guam.
Sec. 1703. Guam World War II Claims Fund.
Sec. 1704. Payments for Guam World War II claims.
Sec. 1705. Adjudication.
Sec. 1706. Grants program to memorialize the occupation of Guam during 
          World War II.
Sec. 1707. Authorization of appropriations.

       TITLE XVIII--MATTERS RELATING TO SMALL BUSINESS PROCUREMENT

   Subtitle A--Improving Transparency and Clarity for Small Businesses

Sec. 1801. Plain language rewrite of requirements for small business 
          procurements.
Sec. 1802. Transparency in small business goals.

      Subtitle B--Clarifying the Roles of Small Business Advocates

Sec. 1811. Scope of review by procurement center representatives.
Sec. 1812. Duties of the Office of Small and Disadvantaged Business 
          Utilization.
Sec. 1813. Improving contractor compliance.
Sec. 1814. Improving education on small business regulations.

       Subtitle C--Strengthening Opportunities for Competition in 
                             Subcontracting

Sec. 1821. Good faith in subcontracting.
Sec. 1822. Pilot program to provide opportunities for qualified 
          subcontractors to obtain past performance ratings.
Sec. 1823. Amendments to the Mentor-Protege Program of the Department of 
          Defense.

                  Subtitle D--Miscellaneous Provisions

Sec. 1831. Improvements to size standards for small agricultural 
          producers.
Sec. 1832. Uniformity in service-disabled veteran definitions.
Sec. 1833. Office of Hearings and Appeals.
Sec. 1834. Extension of SBIR and STTR programs.
Sec. 1835. Issuance of guidance on small business matters.

      Subtitle E--Improving Cyber Preparedness for Small Businesses

Sec. 1841. Small Business Development Center Cyber Strategy and 
          outreach.
Sec. 1842. Role of small business development centers in cybersecurity 
          and preparedness.
Sec. 1843. Additional cybersecurity assistance for small business 
          development centers.
Sec. 1844. Prohibition on additional funds.

         TITLE XIX--DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY COORDINATION

Sec. 1901. Department of Homeland Security coordination.
Sec. 1902. Office of Strategy, Policy, and Plans of the Department of 
          Homeland Security.
Sec. 1903. Management and execution.
Sec. 1904. Chief Human Capital Officer of the Department of Homeland 
          Security.
Sec. 1905. Department of Homeland Security transparency.
Sec. 1906. Transparency in research and development.
Sec. 1907. United States Government review of certain foreign fighters.
Sec. 1908. National strategy to combat terrorist travel.
Sec. 1909. National Operations Center.
Sec. 1910. Department of Homeland Security strategy for international 
          programs.
Sec. 1911. State and high-risk urban area working groups.
Sec. 1912. Cybersecurity strategy for the Department of Homeland 
          Security.
Sec. 1913. EMP and GMD planning, research and development, and 
          protection and preparedness.

            DIVISION B--MILITARY CONSTRUCTION AUTHORIZATIONS

Sec. 2001. Short title.
Sec. 2002. Expiration of authorizations and amounts required to be 
          specified by law.
Sec. 2003. Effective date.

                  TITLE XXI--ARMY MILITARY CONSTRUCTION

Sec. 2101. Authorized Army construction and land acquisition projects.
Sec. 2102. Family housing.
Sec. 2103. Authorization of appropriations, Army.
Sec. 2104. Modification of authority to carry out certain fiscal year 
          2014 project.
Sec. 2105. Extension of authorizations of certain fiscal year 2013 
          projects.
Sec. 2106. Extension of authorizations of certain fiscal year 2014 
          projects.

                 TITLE XXII--NAVY MILITARY CONSTRUCTION

Sec. 2201. Authorized Navy construction and land acquisition projects.
Sec. 2202. Family housing.
Sec. 2203. Improvements to military family housing units.
Sec. 2204. Authorization of appropriations, Navy.
Sec. 2205. Modification of authority to carry out certain fiscal year 
          2014 project.
Sec. 2206. Extension of authorizations of certain fiscal year 2013 
          projects.
Sec. 2207. Extension of authorizations of certain fiscal year 2014 
          projects.
Sec. 2208. Status of ``net negative'' policy regarding Navy acreage on 
          Guam.

              TITLE XXIII--AIR FORCE MILITARY CONSTRUCTION

Sec. 2301. Authorized Air Force construction and land acquisition 
          projects.
Sec. 2302. Family housing.
Sec. 2303. Improvements to military family housing units.
Sec. 2304. Authorization of appropriations, Air Force.
Sec. 2305. Modification of authority to carry out certain fiscal year 
          2016 project.
Sec. 2306. Extension of authorization of certain fiscal year 2013 
          project.
Sec. 2307. Extension of authorization of certain fiscal year 2014 
          project.
Sec. 2308. Restriction on acquisition of property in Northern Mariana 
          Islands.

           TITLE XXIV--DEFENSE AGENCIES MILITARY CONSTRUCTION

Sec. 2401. Authorized Defense Agencies construction and land acquisition 
          projects.
Sec. 2402. Authorized energy conservation projects.
Sec. 2403. Authorization of appropriations, Defense Agencies.
Sec. 2404. Modification of authority to carry out certain fiscal year 
          2014 project.
Sec. 2405. Extension of authorizations of certain fiscal year 2013 
          projects.
Sec. 2406. Extension of authorizations of certain fiscal year 2014 
          projects.

                    TITLE XXV--INTERNATIONAL PROGRAMS

   Subtitle A--North Atlantic Treaty Organization Security Investment 
                                 Program

Sec. 2501. Authorized NATO construction and land acquisition projects.
Sec. 2502. Authorization of appropriations, NATO.

             Subtitle B--Host Country In-Kind Contributions

Sec. 2511. Republic of Korea funded construction projects.

             TITLE XXVI--GUARD AND RESERVE FORCES FACILITIES

 Subtitle A--Project Authorizations and Authorization of Appropriations

Sec. 2601. Authorized Army National Guard construction and land 
          acquisition projects.
Sec. 2602. Authorized Army Reserve construction and land acquisition 
          projects.
Sec. 2603. Authorized Navy Reserve and Marine Corps Reserve construction 
          and land acquisition projects.
Sec. 2604. Authorized Air National Guard construction and land 
          acquisition projects.
Sec. 2605. Authorized Air Force Reserve construction and land 
          acquisition projects.
Sec. 2606. Authorization of appropriations, National Guard and Reserve.

                        Subtitle B--Other Matters

Sec. 2611. Modification of authority to carry out certain fiscal year 
          2014 project.
Sec. 2612. Modification of authority to carry out certain fiscal year 
          2015 project.
Sec. 2613. Modification of authority to carry out certain fiscal year 
          2016 project.
Sec. 2614. Extension of authorization of certain fiscal year 2013 
          project.
Sec. 2615. Extension of authorizations of certain fiscal year 2014 
          projects.

          TITLE XXVII--BASE REALIGNMENT AND CLOSURE ACTIVITIES

Sec. 2701. Extension of authorizations of certain fiscal year 2014 
          projects.
Sec. 2702. Prohibition on conducting additional Base Realignment and 
          Closure (BRAC) round.

         TITLE XXVIII--MILITARY CONSTRUCTION GENERAL PROVISIONS

  Subtitle A--Military Construction Program and Military Family Housing

Sec. 2801. Modification of criteria for treatment of laboratory 
          revitalization projects as minor military construction 
          projects.
Sec. 2802. Classification of facility conversion projects as repair 
          projects.
Sec. 2803. Limited authority for scope of work increase.
Sec. 2804. Extension of temporary, limited authority to use operation 
          and maintenance funds for construction projects outside the 
          United States.
Sec. 2805. Authority to expand energy conservation construction program 
          to include energy resiliency projects.
Sec. 2806. Additional entities eligible for participation in defense 
          laboratory modernization pilot program.
Sec. 2807. Extension of temporary authority for acceptance and use of 
          contributions for certain construction, maintenance, and 
          repair projects mutually beneficial to the Department of 
          Defense and Kuwait military forces.

         Subtitle B--Real Property and Facilities Administration

Sec. 2811. Acceptance of military construction projects as payments in-
          kind and in-kind contributions.
Sec. 2812. Allotment of space and provision of services to WIC offices 
          operating on military installations.
Sec. 2813. Sense of Congress regarding inclusion of stormwater systems 
          and components within the meaning of ``wastewater system'' 
          under the Department of Defense authority for conveyance of 
          utility systems.
Sec. 2814. Assessment of public schools on Department of Defense 
          installations.
Sec. 2815. Prior certification required for use of Department of Defense 
          facilities by other Federal agencies for temporary housing 
          support.

                      Subtitle C--Land Conveyances

Sec. 2821. Land conveyance, High Frequency Active Auroral Research 
          Program facility and adjacent property, Gakona, Alaska.
Sec. 2822. Land conveyance, Campion Air Force Radar Station, Galena, 
          Alaska.
Sec. 2823. Lease, Joint Base Elmendorf-Richardson, Alaska.
Sec. 2824. Transfer of administrative jurisdictions, Navajo Army Depot, 
          Arizona.
Sec. 2825. Exchange of property interests, San Diego Unified Port 
          District, California.
Sec. 2826. Release of property interests retained in connection with 
          land conveyance, Eglin Air Force Base, Florida.
Sec. 2827. Land exchange, Fort Hood, Texas.
Sec. 2828. Land Conveyance, P-36 Warehouse, Colbern United States Army 
          Reserve Center, Laredo, Texas.
Sec. 2829. Land conveyance, St. George National Guard Armory, St. 
          George, Utah.
Sec. 2829A. Land acquisitions, Arlington County, Virginia.
Sec. 2829B. Release of restrictions, Richland Innovation Center, 
          Richland, Washington.
Sec. 2829C. Modification of land conveyance, Rocky Mountain Arsenal 
          National Wildlife Refuge.
Sec. 2829D. Closure of St. Marys Airport.
Sec. 2829E. Transfer of Fort Belvoir Mark Center Campus from the 
          Secretary of the Army to the Secretary of Defense and 
          applicability of certain provisions of law relating to the 
          Pentagon Reservation.
Sec. 2829F. Return of certain lands at Fort Wingate, New Mexico, to the 
          original inhabitants.

         Subtitle D--Military Memorials, Monuments, and Museums

Sec. 2831. Cyber Center for Education and Innovation-Home of the 
          National Cryptologic Museum.
Sec. 2832. Renaming site of the Dayton Aviation Heritage National 
          Historical Park, Ohio.
Sec. 2833. Women's military service memorials and museums.
Sec. 2834. Petersburg National Battlefield boundary modification.

               Subtitle E--Designations and Other Matters

Sec. 2841. Designation of portion of Moffett Federal Airfield, 
          California, as Moffett Air National Guard Base.
Sec. 2842. Redesignation of Mike O'Callaghan Federal Medical Center.
Sec. 2843. Replenishment of Sierra Vista subwatershed regional aquifer, 
          Arizona.
Sec. 2844. Limited exceptions to restriction on development of public 
          infrastructure in connection with realignment of Marine Corps 
          forces in Asia-Pacific region.
Sec. 2845. Duration of withdrawal and reservation of public land, Naval 
          Air Weapons Station China Lake, California.

    TITLE XXIX--OVERSEAS CONTINGENCY OPERATIONS MILITARY CONSTRUCTION

Sec. 2901. Authorized Navy construction and land acquisition projects.
Sec. 2902. Authorized Air Force construction and land acquisition 
          projects.
Sec. 2903. Authorization of appropriations.

       TITLE XXX--UTAH TEST AND TRAINING RANGE AND RELATED MATTERS

 Subtitle A--Authorization for Temporary Closure of Certain Public Land 
              Adjacent to the Utah Test and Training Range

Sec. 3001. Definitions.
Sec. 3002. Memorandum of agreement.
Sec. 3003. Temporary closures.
Sec. 3004. Liability.
Sec. 3005. Community resource advisory group.
Sec. 3006. Savings clauses.

 Subtitle B--Bureau of Land Management Land Exchange With State of Utah

Sec. 3011. Definitions.
Sec. 3012. Exchange of Federal land and non-Federal land.
Sec. 3013. Status and management of non-Federal land acquired by the 
          United States.
Sec. 3014. Hazardous substances.

 DIVISION C--DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY NATIONAL SECURITY AUTHORIZATIONS AND 
                          OTHER AUTHORIZATIONS

       TITLE XXXI--DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY NATIONAL SECURITY PROGRAMS

        Subtitle A--National Security Programs and Authorizations

Sec. 3101. National Nuclear Security Administration.
Sec. 3102. Defense environmental cleanup.
Sec. 3103. Other defense activities.
Sec. 3104. Nuclear energy.

    Subtitle B--Program Authorizations, Restrictions, and Limitations

Sec. 3111. Independent acquisition project reviews of capital assets 
          acquisition projects.
Sec. 3112. Protection of certain nuclear facilities and assets from 
          unmanned aircraft.
Sec. 3113. Common financial reporting system for the nuclear security 
          enterprise.
Sec. 3114. Rough estimate of total life cycle cost of tank waste cleanup 
          at Hanford Nuclear Reservation.
Sec. 3115. Annual certification of shipments to Waste Isolation Pilot 
          Plant.
Sec. 3116. Disposition of weapons-usable plutonium.
Sec. 3117. Design basis threat.
Sec. 3118. Industry best practices in operations at National Nuclear 
          Security Administration facilities and sites.
Sec. 3119. Pilot program on unavailability for overhead costs of amounts 
          specified for laboratory-directed research and development.
Sec. 3120. Research and development of advanced naval nuclear fuel 
          system based on low-enriched uranium.
Sec. 3121. Increase in certain limitations applicable to funds for 
          conceptual and construction design of the Department of 
          Energy.
Sec. 3122. Prohibition on availability of funds for programs in Russian 
          Federation.
Sec. 3123. Limitation on availability of funds for Federal salaries and 
          expenses.
Sec. 3124. Limitation on availability of funds for defense environmental 
          cleanup program direction.
Sec. 3125. Limitation on availability of funds for acceleration of 
          nuclear weapons dismantlement.

                      Subtitle C--Plans and Reports

Sec. 3131. Independent assessment of technology development under 
          defense environmental cleanup program.
Sec. 3132. Updated plan for verification and monitoring of proliferation 
          of nuclear weapons and fissile material.
Sec. 3133. Report on the use of highly-enriched uranium for naval 
          reactors.
Sec. 3134. Analysis of approaches for supplemental treatment of low-
          activity waste at Hanford Nuclear Reservation.
Sec. 3135. Clarification of annual report and certification on status of 
          security of atomic energy defense facilities.
Sec. 3136. Report on service support contracts and authority for 
          appointment of certain personnel.
Sec. 3137. Elimination of certain reporting requirements.
Sec. 3138. Report on United States nuclear deterrence.

          TITLE XXXII--DEFENSE NUCLEAR FACILITIES SAFETY BOARD

Sec. 3201. Authorization.

                  TITLE XXXIV--NAVAL PETROLEUM RESERVES

Sec. 3401. Authorization of appropriations.

                      TITLE XXXV--MARITIME MATTERS

 Subtitle A--Maritime Administration, Coast Guard, and Shipping Matters

Sec. 3501. Authorization of the Maritime Administration.
Sec. 3502. Authority to extend certain age restrictions relating to 
          vessels in the Maritime Security Fleet.
Sec. 3503. Corrections to provisions enacted by Coast Guard 
          Authorization Acts.
Sec. 3504. Status of National Defense Reserve Fleet vessels.
Sec. 3505. NDRF national security multi-mission vessel.
Sec. 3506. Superintendent of United States Merchant Marine Academy.
Sec. 3507. Use of National Defense Reserve Fleet scrapping proceeds.
Sec. 3508. Floating dry docks.
Sec. 3509. Transportation worker identification credentials for 
          individuals undergoing separation, discharge, or release from 
          the Armed Forces.
Sec. 3510. Actions to address sexual harassment and sexual assault at 
          the United States Merchant Marine Academy.
Sec. 3511. Sexual assault response coordinators and sexual assault 
          victim advocates.
Sec. 3512. Report from the Department of Transportation Inspector 
          General.
Sec. 3513. Sexual assault prevention and response working group.
Sec. 3514. Sea Year compliance.
Sec. 3515. State maritime academy physical standards and reporting.
Sec. 3516. Appointments.
Sec. 3517. Maritime workforce working group.
Sec. 3518. Maritime extreme weather task force.
Sec. 3519. Workforce plans and onboarding policies.
Sec. 3520. Drug and alcohol policy.
Sec. 3521. Vessel transfers.
Sec. 3522. Clarifying amendment; continuation boards.
Sec. 3523. Polar icebreaker recapitalization plan.
Sec. 3524. GAO report on icebreaking capability in United States.

           Subtitle B--Pribilof Islands Transition Completion

Sec. 3531. Short title.
Sec. 3532. Conveyance of property.
Sec. 3533. Transfer, use, and disposal of tract 43.

  Subtitle C--Sexual Harassment and Assault Prevention at the National 
                 Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

Sec. 3541. Actions to address sexual harassment at National Oceanic and 
          Atmospheric Administration.
Sec. 3542. Actions to address sexual assault at National Oceanic and 
          Atmospheric Administration.
Sec. 3543. Rights of the victim of a sexual assault.
Sec. 3544. Change of station.
Sec. 3545. Applicability of policies to crews of vessels secured by 
          National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration under 
          contract.
Sec. 3546. Annual report on sexual assaults in the National Oceanic and 
          Atmospheric Administration.
Sec. 3547. Sexual assault defined.

                       DIVISION D--FUNDING TABLES

Sec. 4001. Authorization of amounts in funding tables.

                         TITLE XLI--PROCUREMENT

Sec. 4101. Procurement.
Sec. 4102. Procurement for overseas contingency operations.
Sec. 4103. Procurement for overseas contingency operations for base 
          requirements.

         TITLE XLII--RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT, TEST, AND EVALUATION

Sec. 4201. Research, development, test, and evaluation.
Sec. 4202. Research, development, test, and evaluation for overseas 
          contingency operations.
Sec. 4203. Research, development, test, and evaluation for overseas 
          contingency operations for base requirements.

                 TITLE XLIII--OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE

Sec. 4301. Operation and maintenance.
Sec. 4302. Operation and maintenance for overseas contingency 
          operations.
Sec. 4303. Operation and maintenance for overseas contingency operations 
          for base requirements.

                     TITLE XLIV--MILITARY PERSONNEL

Sec. 4401. Military personnel.
Sec. 4402. Military personnel for overseas contingency operations.
Sec. 4403. Military personnel for overseas contingency operations for 
          base requirements.

                     TITLE XLV--OTHER AUTHORIZATIONS

Sec. 4501. Other authorizations.
Sec. 4502. Other authorizations for overseas contingency operations.
Sec. 4503. Other authorizations for overseas contingency operations for 
          base requirements.

                    TITLE XLVI--MILITARY CONSTRUCTION

Sec. 4601. Military construction.
Sec. 4602. Military construction for overseas contingency operations.
Sec. 4603. Military construction for overseas contingency operations for 
          base requirements.

      TITLE XLVII--DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY NATIONAL SECURITY PROGRAMS

Sec. 4701. Department of Energy national security programs.

           DIVISION E--UNIFORM CODE OF MILITARY JUSTICE REFORM

Sec. 5001. Short title.

                      TITLE LI--GENERAL PROVISIONS

Sec. 5101. Definitions.
Sec. 5102. Clarification of persons subject to UCMJ while on inactive-
          duty training.
Sec. 5103. Staff judge advocate disqualification due to prior 
          involvement in case.
Sec. 5104. Conforming amendment relating to military magistrates.
Sec. 5105. Rights of victim.

                  TITLE LII--APPREHENSION AND RESTRAINT

Sec. 5121. Restraint of persons charged.
Sec. 5122. Modification of prohibition of confinement of members of the 
          Armed Forces with enemy prisoners and certain others.

                   TITLE LIII--NON-JUDICIAL PUNISHMENT

Sec. 5141. Modification of confinement as non-judicial punishment.

                  TITLE LIV--COURT-MARTIAL JURISDICTION

Sec. 5161. Courts-martial classified.
Sec. 5162. Jurisdiction of general courts-martial.
Sec. 5163. Jurisdiction of special courts-martial.
Sec. 5164. Summary court-martial as non-criminal forum.

                 TITLE LV--COMPOSITION OF COURTS-MARTIAL

Sec. 5181. Technical amendment relating to persons authorized to convene 
          general courts-martial.
Sec. 5182. Who may serve on courts-martial and related matters.
Sec. 5183. Number of court-martial members in capital cases.
Sec. 5184. Detailing, qualifications, and other matters relating to 
          military judges.
Sec. 5185. Military magistrates.
Sec. 5186. Qualifications of trial counsel and defense counsel.
Sec. 5187. Assembly and impaneling of members and related matters.

                     TITLE LVI--PRE-TRIAL PROCEDURE

Sec. 5201. Charges and specifications.
Sec. 5202. Certain proceedings conducted before referral.
Sec. 5203. Preliminary hearing required before referral to general 
          court-martial.
Sec. 5204. Disposition guidance.
Sec. 5205. Advice to convening authority before referral for trial.
Sec. 5206. Service of charges and commencement of trial.

                       TITLE LVII--TRIAL PROCEDURE

Sec. 5221. Duties of assistant defense counsel.
Sec. 5222. Sessions.
Sec. 5223. Technical amendment relating to continuances.
Sec. 5224. Conforming amendments relating to challenges.
Sec. 5225. Statute of limitations.
Sec. 5226. Former jeopardy.
Sec. 5227. Pleas of the accused.
Sec. 5228. Subpoena and other process.
Sec. 5229. Refusal of person not subject to UCMJ to appear, testify, or 
          produce evidence.
Sec. 5230. Contempt.
Sec. 5231. Depositions.
Sec. 5232. Admissibility of sworn testimony by audiotape or videotape 
          from records of courts of inquiry.
Sec. 5233. Conforming amendment relating to defense of lack of mental 
          responsibility.
Sec. 5234. Voting and rulings.
Sec. 5235. Votes required for conviction, sentencing, and other matters.
Sec. 5236. Findings and sentencing.
Sec. 5237. Plea agreements.
Sec. 5238. Record of trial.

                         TITLE LVIII--SENTENCES

Sec. 5301. Sentencing.
Sec. 5302. Effective date of sentences.
Sec. 5303. Sentence of reduction in enlisted grade.

      TITLE LIX--POST-TRIAL PROCEDURE AND REVIEW OF COURTS-MARTIAL

Sec. 5321. Post-trial processing in general and special courts-martial.
Sec. 5322. Limited authority to act on sentence in specified post-trial 
          circumstances.
Sec. 5323. Post-trial actions in summary courts-martial and certain 
          general and special courts-martial.
Sec. 5324. Entry of judgment.
Sec. 5325. Waiver of right to appeal and withdrawal of appeal.
Sec. 5326. Appeal by the United States.
Sec. 5327. Rehearings.
Sec. 5328. Judge advocate review of finding of guilty in summary court-
          martial.
Sec. 5329. Transmittal and review of records.
Sec. 5330. Courts of Criminal Appeals.
Sec. 5331. Review by Court of Appeals for the Armed Forces.
Sec. 5332. Supreme Court review.
Sec. 5333. Review by Judge Advocate General.
Sec. 5334. Appellate defense counsel in death penalty cases.
Sec. 5335. Authority for hearing on vacation of suspension of sentence 
          to be conducted by qualified judge advocate.
Sec. 5336. Extension of time for petition for new trial.
Sec. 5337. Restoration.
Sec. 5338. Leave requirements pending review of certain court-martial 
          convictions.

                       TITLE LX--PUNITIVE ARTICLES

Sec. 5401. Reorganization of punitive articles.
Sec. 5402. Conviction of offense charged, lesser included offenses, and 
          attempts.
Sec. 5403. Soliciting commission of offenses.
Sec. 5404. Malingering.
Sec. 5405. Breach of medical quarantine.
Sec. 5406. Missing movement; jumping from vessel.
Sec. 5407. Offenses against correctional custody and restriction.
Sec. 5408. Disrespect toward superior commissioned officer; assault of 
          superior commissioned officer.
Sec. 5409. Willfully disobeying superior commissioned officer.
Sec. 5410. Prohibited activities with military recruit or trainee by 
          person in position of special trust.
Sec. 5411. Offenses by sentinel or lookout.
Sec. 5412. Disrespect toward sentinel or lookout.
Sec. 5413. Release of prisoner without authority; drinking with 
          prisoner.
Sec. 5414. Penalty for acting as a spy.
Sec. 5415. Public records offenses.
Sec. 5416. False or unauthorized pass offenses.
Sec. 5417. Impersonation offenses.
Sec. 5418. Insignia offenses.
Sec. 5419. False official statements; false swearing.
Sec. 5420. Parole violation.
Sec. 5421. Wrongful taking, opening, etc. of mail matter.
Sec. 5422. Improper hazarding of vessel or aircraft.
Sec. 5423. Leaving scene of vehicle accident.
Sec. 5424. Drunkenness and other incapacitation offenses.
Sec. 5425. Lower blood alcohol content limits for conviction of drunken 
          or reckless operation of vehicle, aircraft, or vessel.
Sec. 5426. Endangerment offenses.
Sec. 5427. Communicating threats.
Sec. 5428. Technical amendment relating to murder.
Sec. 5429. Child endangerment.
Sec. 5430. Rape and sexual assault offenses.
Sec. 5431. Deposit of obscene matter in the mail.
Sec. 5432. Fraudulent use of credit cards, debit cards, and other access 
          devices.
Sec. 5433. False pretenses to obtain services.
Sec. 5434. Robbery.
Sec. 5435. Receiving stolen property.
Sec. 5436. Offenses concerning Government computers.
Sec. 5437. Bribery.
Sec. 5438. Graft.
Sec. 5439. Kidnapping.
Sec. 5440. Arson; burning property with intent to defraud.
Sec. 5441. Assault.
Sec. 5442. Burglary and unlawful entry.
Sec. 5443. Stalking.
Sec. 5444. Subornation of perjury.
Sec. 5445. Obstructing justice.
Sec. 5446. Misprision of serious offense.
Sec. 5447. Wrongful refusal to testify.
Sec. 5448. Prevention of authorized seizure of property.
Sec. 5449. Wrongful interference with adverse administrative proceeding.
Sec. 5450. Retaliation.
Sec. 5451. Extraterritorial application of certain offenses.
Sec. 5452. Table of sections.

                   TITLE LXI--MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS

Sec. 5501. Technical amendments relating to courts of inquiry.
Sec. 5502. Technical amendment to Article 136.
Sec. 5503. Articles of Uniform Code of Military Justice to be explained 
          to officers upon commissioning.
Sec. 5504. Military justice case management; data collection and 
          accessibility.

      TITLE LXII--MILITARY JUSTICE REVIEW PANEL AND ANNUAL REPORTS

Sec. 5521. Military Justice Review Panel.
Sec. 5522. Annual reports.

         TITLE LXIII--CONFORMING AMENDMENTS AND EFFECTIVE DATES

Sec. 5541. Amendments to UCMJ subchapter tables of sections.
Sec. 5542. Effective dates.

SEC. 3. CONGRESSIONAL DEFENSE COMMITTEES.

    In this Act, the term ``congressional defense committees'' 
has the meaning given that term in section 101(a)(16) of title 
10, United States Code.

SEC. 4. BUDGETARY EFFECTS OF THIS ACT.

    The budgetary effects of this Act, for the purposes of 
complying with the Statutory Pay-As-You-Go Act of 2010, shall 
be determined by reference to the latest statement titled 
``Budgetary Effects of PAYGO Legislation'' for this Act, 
jointly submitted for printing in the Congressional Record by 
the Chairmen of the House and Senate Budget Committees, 
provided that such statement has been submitted prior to the 
vote on passage in the House acting first on the conference 
report or amendment between the Houses.

            DIVISION A--DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE AUTHORIZATIONS

                          TITLE I--PROCUREMENT

               Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations

Sec. 101. Authorization of appropriations.

                        Subtitle B--Army Programs

Sec. 111. Multiyear procurement authority for AH-64E Apache helicopters.
Sec. 112. Multiyear procurement authority for UH-60M and HH-60M Black 
          Hawk helicopters.
Sec. 113. Distributed Common Ground System-Army increment 1.
Sec. 114. Assessment of certain capabilities of the Department of the 
          Army.

                        Subtitle C--Navy Programs

Sec. 121. Determination of vessel delivery dates.
Sec. 122. Incremental funding for detail design and construction of LHA 
          replacement ship designated LHA 8.
Sec. 123. Littoral Combat Ship.
Sec. 124. Limitation on use of sole-source shipbuilding contracts for 
          certain vessels.
Sec. 125. Limitation on availability of funds for the Advanced Arresting 
          Gear Program.
Sec. 126. Limitation on availability of funds for procurement of U.S.S. 
          Enterprise (CVN-80).
Sec. 127. Sense of Congress on aircraft carrier procurement schedules.
Sec. 128. Report on P-8 Poseidon aircraft.
Sec. 129. Design and construction of replacement dock landing ship 
          designated LX(R) or amphibious transport dock designated LPD-
          29.

                     Subtitle D--Air Force Programs

Sec. 131. EC-130H Compass Call recapitalization program.
Sec. 132. Repeal of requirement to preserve certain retired C-5 
          aircraft.
Sec. 133. Repeal of requirement to preserve F-117 aircraft in recallable 
          condition.
Sec. 134. Prohibition on availability of funds for retirement of A-10 
          aircraft.
Sec. 135. Limitation on availability of funds for destruction of A-10 
          aircraft in storage status.
Sec. 136. Prohibition on availability of funds for retirement of Joint 
          Surveillance Target Attack Radar System aircraft.
Sec. 137. Elimination of annual report on aircraft inventory.

        Subtitle E--Defense-wide, Joint, and Multiservice Matters

Sec. 141. Standardization of 5.56mm rifle ammunition.
Sec. 142. Fire suppressant and fuel containment standards for certain 
          vehicles.
Sec. 143. Limitation on availability of funds for destruction of certain 
          cluster munitions.
Sec. 144. Report on Department of Defense munitions strategy for the 
          combatant commands.
Sec. 145. Modifications to reporting on use of combat mission 
          requirements funds.
Sec. 146. Report on alternative management structures for the F-35 joint 
          strike fighter program.
Sec. 147. Comptroller General review of F-35 Lightning II aircraft 
          sustainment support.
Sec. 148. Briefing on acquisition strategy for Ground Mobility Vehicle.
Sec. 149. Study and report on optimal mix of aircraft capabilities for 
          the Armed Forces.

              Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations

SEC. 101. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

    Funds are hereby authorized to be appropriated for fiscal 
year 2017 for procurement for the Army, the Navy and the Marine 
Corps, the Air Force, and Defense-wide activities, as specified 
in the funding table in section 4101.

                       Subtitle B--Army Programs

SEC. 111. MULTIYEAR PROCUREMENT AUTHORITY FOR AH-64E APACHE 
                    HELICOPTERS.

    (a) Authority for Multiyear Procurement.--Subject to 
section 2306b of title 10, United States Code, the Secretary of 
the Army may enter into one or more multiyear contracts, 
beginning with the fiscal year 2017 program year, for the 
procurement of AH-64E Apache helicopters.
    (b) Condition for Out-year Contract Payments.--A contract 
entered into under subsection (a) shall provide that any 
obligation of the United States to make a payment under the 
contract for a fiscal year after fiscal year 2017 is subject to 
the availability of appropriations for that purpose for such 
later fiscal year.

SEC. 112. MULTIYEAR PROCUREMENT AUTHORITY FOR UH-60M AND HH-60M BLACK 
                    HAWK HELICOPTERS.

    (a) Authority for Multiyear Procurement.--Subject to 
section 2306b of title 10, United States Code, the Secretary of 
the Army may enter into one or more multiyear contracts, 
beginning with the fiscal year 2017 program year, for the 
procurement of UH-60M and HH-60M Black Hawk helicopters.
    (b) Condition for Out-year Contract Payments.--A contract 
entered into under subsection (a) shall provide that any 
obligation of the United States to make a payment under the 
contract for a fiscal year after fiscal year 2017 is subject to 
the availability of appropriations for that purpose for such 
later fiscal year.

SEC. 113. DISTRIBUTED COMMON GROUND SYSTEM-ARMY INCREMENT 1.

    (a) Training for Operators.--The Secretary of the Army 
shall take such actions as may be necessary to improve and 
tailor training for covered units in the versions of increment 
1 that are in use on the date of the enactment of this Act.
    (b) Fielding of Capability.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary shall rapidly 
        identify and field a capability for fixed and 
        deployable multi-source ground processing systems for 
        covered units.
            (2) Commercially available capabilities.--In 
        carrying out paragraph (1), the Secretary shall procure 
        commercially available off-the-shelf technologies 
        that--
                    (A) meet essential tactical requirements 
                for processing, analyzing, and displaying 
                intelligence information;
                    (B) can integrate and communicate with 
                covered units at the tactical unit level and at 
                higher unit levels;
                    (C) are substantially easier for personnel 
                to use than the Distributed Common Ground 
                System-Army; and
                    (D) require less training than the 
                Distributed Common Ground System-Army.
    (c) Limitation on the Award of Contract.--The Secretary may 
not enter into a contract for the design, development, or 
procurement of any data architecture, data integration, or 
``cloud'' capability, or any data analysis or data 
visualization and workflow capability (including warfighting 
function tools relating to increment 1 of the Distributed 
Common Ground System-Army) for covered units unless the 
contract--
            (1) is awarded not later than 180 days after the 
        date of the enactment of this Act;
            (2) is awarded in accordance with applicable law 
        and regulations providing for the use of competitive 
        procedures or procedures applicable to the procurement 
        of commercial items including parts 12 and 15 of the 
        Federal Acquisition Regulation;
            (3) is a fixed-price contract; and
            (4) provides that the technology to be procured 
        under the contract will--
                    (A) begin initial fielding rapidly after 
                the contract award;
                    (B) achieve initial operating capability 
                not later than nine months after the date on 
                which the contract is awarded; and
                    (C) achieve full operating capability not 
                later than 18 months after the date on which 
                the contract is awarded.
    (d) Waiver.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense may waive 
        the limitation in subsection (c) if the Secretary 
        submits to the appropriate congressional committees a 
        written statement declaring that such limitation would 
        adversely affect ongoing operational activities.
            (2) Nondelegation.--The Secretary of Defense may 
        not delegate the waiver authority under paragraph (1).
    (e) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) Appropriate congressional committees.--The term 
        ``appropriate congressional committees'' means--
                    (A) the congressional defense committees;
                    (B) the Select Committee on Intelligence of 
                the Senate; and
                    (C) the Permanent Select Committee on 
                Intelligence of the House of Representatives.
            (2) Covered units.--The term ``covered units'' 
        means military units that use increment 1 of the 
        Distributed Common Ground System-Army, including 
        tactical units and operators at the division, brigade, 
        and battalion levels, and tactical units below the 
        battalion level.

SEC. 114. ASSESSMENT OF CERTAIN CAPABILITIES OF THE DEPARTMENT OF THE 
                    ARMY.

    (a) Assessment.--The Secretary of Defense, in consultation 
with the Secretary of the Army and the Chief of Staff of the 
Army, shall conduct an assessment of the following capabilities 
with respect to the Department of the Army:
            (1) The capacity of AH-64 Apache-equipped attack 
        reconnaissance battalions to meet future needs.
            (2) Air defense artillery capacity and 
        responsiveness, including--
                    (A) the capacity of short-range air defense 
                artillery to address existing and emerging 
                threats, including threats posed by unmanned 
                aerial systems, cruise missiles, and manned 
                aircraft; and
                    (B) the potential for commercial off-the-
                shelf solutions.
            (3) Chemical, biological, radiological, and nuclear 
        capabilities and modernization needs.
            (4) Field artillery capabilities, including--
                    (A) modernization needs;
                    (B) munitions inventory shortfalls; and
                    (C) changes in doctrine and war plans 
                consistent with the Memorandum of the Secretary 
                of Defense dated June 19, 2008, regarding the 
                Department of Defense policy on cluster 
                munitions and unintended harm to civilians.
            (5) Fuel distribution and water purification 
        capacity and responsiveness.
            (6) Watercraft and port-opening capabilities and 
        responsiveness.
            (7) Transportation capacity and responsiveness, 
        particularly with respect to the transportation of 
        fuel, water, and cargo.
            (8) Military police capacity.
            (9) Tactical mobility and tactical wheeled vehicle 
        capacity, including heavy equipment prime movers.
    (b) Report.--Not later than April 1, 2017, the Secretary of 
Defense shall submit to the congressional defense committees a 
report that includes--
            (1) the assessment conducted under subsection (a);
            (2) recommendations for reducing or eliminating 
        shortfalls in responsiveness and capacity with respect 
        to each of the capabilities described in such 
        subsection; and
            (3) an estimate of the costs of implementing such 
        recommendations.
    (c) Form.--The report under subsection (b) shall be 
submitted in unclassified form, but may include a classified 
annex.

                       Subtitle C--Navy Programs

SEC. 121. DETERMINATION OF VESSEL DELIVERY DATES.

    (a) Determination of Vessel Delivery Dates.--
            (1) In general.--Chapter 633 of title 10, United 
        States Code, is amended by inserting after section 7300 
        the following new section:

``Sec. 7301. Determination of vessel delivery dates

    ``(a) In General.--The delivery of a covered vessel shall 
be deemed to occur on the date on which--
            ``(1) the Secretary of the Navy determines that the 
        vessel is assembled and complete; and
            ``(2) custody of the vessel and all systems 
        contained in the vessel transfers to the Navy.
    ``(b) Inclusion in Budget and Acquisition Reports.--The 
delivery dates of covered vessels shall be included--
            ``(1) in the materials submitted to Congress by the 
        Secretary of Defense in support of the budget of the 
        President for each fiscal year (as submitted to 
        Congress under section 1105(a) of title 31, United 
        States Code); and
            ``(2) in any relevant Selected Acquisition Report 
        submitted to Congress under section 2432 of this title.
    ``(c) Covered Vessel Defined.--In this section, the term 
`covered vessel' means any vessel of the Navy that is under 
construction on or after the date of the enactment of this 
section using amounts authorized to be appropriated for the 
Department of Defense for shipbuilding and conversion, Navy.''.
            (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at 
        the beginning of such chapter is amended by inserting 
        after the item relating to section 7300 the following 
        new item:

``7301. Determination of vessel delivery dates.''.
    (b) Certification.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than January 1, 2017, 
        the Secretary of the Navy shall certify to the 
        congressional defense committees that the delivery 
        dates of the following vessels have been adjusted in 
        accordance with section 7301 of title 10, United States 
        Code, as added by subsection (a):
                    (A) The U.S.S. John F. Kennedy (CVN-79).
                    (B) The U.S.S. Zumwalt (DDG-1000).
                    (C) The U.S.S. Michael Monsoor (DDG-1001).
                    (D) The U.S.S. Lyndon B. Johnson (DDG-
                1002).
                    (E) Any other vessel of the Navy that is 
                under construction on the date of the enactment 
                of this Act.
            (2) Contents.--The certification under paragraph 
        (1) shall include--
                    (A) an identification of each vessel for 
                which the delivery date was adjusted; and
                    (B) the delivery date of each such vessel, 
                as so adjusted.

SEC. 122. INCREMENTAL FUNDING FOR DETAIL DESIGN AND CONSTRUCTION OF LHA 
                    REPLACEMENT SHIP DESIGNATED LHA 8.

    (a) Authority To Use Incremental Funding.--The Secretary of 
the Navy may enter into and incrementally fund a contract for 
detail design and construction of the LHA Replacement ship 
designated LHA 8 and, subject to subsection (b), funds for 
payments under the contract may be provided from amounts 
authorized to be appropriated for the Department of Defense for 
Shipbuilding and Conversion, Navy, for fiscal years 2017 and 
2018.
    (b) Condition for Out-year Contract Payments.--A contract 
entered into under subsection (a) shall provide that any 
obligation of the United States to make a payment under the 
contract for any subsequent fiscal year is subject to the 
availability of appropriations for that purpose for such 
subsequent fiscal year.

SEC. 123. LITTORAL COMBAT SHIP.

    (a) Report on Littoral Combat Ship Mission Packages.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
        include in the materials submitted in support of the 
        budget of the President (as submitted to Congress under 
        section 1105(a) of title 31, United States Code) for 
        each fiscal year through fiscal year 2022 a report on 
        Littoral Combat Ship mission packages.
            (2) Elements.--Each report under paragraph (1) 
        shall include, with respect to each Littoral Combat 
        Ship mission package and increment, the following:
                    (A) A description of the status of and 
                plans for development, production, and 
                sustainment, including--
                            (i) projected unit costs compared 
                        to originally estimated unit costs for 
                        each system that comprises the mission 
                        package;
                            (ii) projected development costs, 
                        procurement costs, and 20-year 
                        sustainment costs compared to original 
                        estimates of such costs for each system 
                        that comprises the mission package;
                            (iii) demonstrated performance 
                        compared to required performance for 
                        each system that comprises the mission 
                        package and for the mission package as 
                        a whole;
                            (iv) problems relating to realized 
                        and potential costs, schedule, or 
                        performance; and
                            (v) any development plans, 
                        production plans, or sustainment and 
                        mitigation plans that may be 
                        implemented to address such problems.
                    (B) A description, including dates, of each 
                developmental test, operational test, 
                integrated test, and follow-on test event that 
                is--
                            (i) completed in the fiscal year 
                        preceding the fiscal year covered by 
                        the report; and
                            (ii) expected to be completed in 
                        the fiscal year covered by the report 
                        and any of the following five fiscal 
                        years.
                    (C) The date on which initial operational 
                capability is expected to be attained and a 
                description of the performance level criteria 
                that must be demonstrated to declare that such 
                capability has been attained.
                    (D) A description of--
                            (i) the systems that attained 
                        initial operational capability in the 
                        fiscal year preceding the fiscal year 
                        covered by the report; and
                            (ii) the performance level 
                        demonstrated by such systems compared 
                        to the performance level required of 
                        such systems.
                    (E) The acquisition inventory objective for 
                each system.
                    (F) An identification of--
                            (i) each location (including the 
                        city, State, and country) to which 
                        systems were delivered in the fiscal 
                        year preceding the fiscal year covered 
                        by the report; and
                            (ii) the quantity of systems 
                        delivered to each such location.
                    (G) An identification of--
                            (i) each location (including the 
                        city, State, and country) to which 
                        systems are projected to be delivered 
                        in the fiscal year covered by the 
                        report and any of the following five 
                        fiscal years; and
                            (ii) the quantity of systems 
                        projected to be delivered to each such 
                        location.
    (b) Certification of Littoral Combat Ship Mission Package 
Program of Record.--
            (1) In general.--The Under Secretary of Defense for 
        Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics shall include in 
        the materials submitted in support of the budget of the 
        President (as submitted to Congress under section 
        1105(a) of title 31, United States Code) for fiscal 
        year 2018 the certification described in paragraph (2).
            (2) Certification.--The certification described in 
        this paragraph is a certification with respect to 
        Littoral Combat Ship mission packages that includes, as 
        of the fiscal year covered by the certification, the 
        program of record quantity for--
                    (A) surface warfare mission packages;
                    (B) anti-submarine warfare mission 
                packages; and
                    (C) mine countermeasures mission packages.
    (c) Limitations.--
            (1) Limitation on deviation from acquisition 
        strategy.--
                    (A) In general.--The Secretary of Defense 
                may not revise or deviate from revision three 
                of the Littoral Combat Ship acquisition 
                strategy, until the date on which the Secretary 
                submits to the congressional defense committees 
                the certification described in subparagraph 
                (B).
                    (B) Certification.--The certification 
                described in this subparagraph is a 
                certification that includes--
                            (i) the rationale of the Secretary 
                        for revising or deviating from revision 
                        three of the Littoral Combat Ship 
                        acquisition strategy;
                            (ii) a description of each such 
                        revision or deviation; and
                            (iii) the Littoral Combat Ship 
                        acquisition strategy that is in effect 
                        following the implementation of such 
                        revisions or deviations.
            (2) Limitation on selection of single contractor.--
        The Secretary of Defense may not select only a single 
        prime contractor to construct the Littoral Combat Ship 
        or any successor frigate class ship unless such 
        selection--
                    (A) is conducted using competitive 
                procedures and for the limited purpose of 
                awarding a contract or contracts for--
                            (i) an engineering change proposal 
                        for a frigate class ship; or
                            (ii) the construction of a frigate 
                        class ship; and
                    (B) occurs only after a frigate design 
                has--
                            (i) reached sufficient maturity and 
                        completed a preliminary design review; 
                        or
                            (ii) demonstrated an equivalent 
                        level of design completeness.
    (d) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) Littoral combat ship mission package.--The term 
        ``Littoral Combat Ship mission package'' means a 
        mission module for a Littoral Combat Ship combined with 
        the crew detachment and support aircraft for such ship.
            (2) Mission module.--The term ``mission module'' 
        means the mission systems (including vehicles, 
        communications, sensors, and weapons systems) combined 
        with support equipment (including support containers 
        and standard interfaces) and software (including 
        software relating to the computing environment and 
        multiple vehicle communications system of the mission 
        package).
            (3) Revision three.--The term ``revision three of 
        the Littoral Combat Ship acquisition strategy'' means 
        the third revision of the Littoral Combat Ship 
        acquisition strategy approved by the Under Secretary of 
        Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics on 
        March 29, 2016.
    (e) Repeal of Quarterly Reporting Requirement.--Section 126 
of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2013 
(Public Law 112-239; 126 Stat. 1657) is amended--
            (1) by striking subsection (b); and
            (2) by striking ``(a) Designation Required.--''.

SEC. 124. LIMITATION ON USE OF SOLE-SOURCE SHIPBUILDING CONTRACTS FOR 
                    CERTAIN VESSELS.

    (a) Limitation.--None of the funds authorized to be 
appropriated by this Act or otherwise made available for the 
Department of Defense for fiscal year 2017 for joint high speed 
vessels or expeditionary fast transports may be used to enter 
into or prepare to enter into a contract on a sole-source basis 
for the construction of such vessels or transports unless the 
Secretary of the Navy submits to the congressional defense 
committees the certification described in subsection (b) and 
the report described in subsection (c).
    (b) Certification.--The certification described in this 
subsection is a certification by the Secretary of the Navy 
that--
            (1) awarding a contract for the construction of one 
        or more joint high speed vessels or expeditionary fast 
        transports on a sole-source basis is in the national 
        security interests of the United States;
            (2) the construction of the vessels or transports 
        will not result in exceeding the requirement for the 
        ship class, as described in the most recent Navy force 
        structure assessment;
            (3) the contract will be a fixed-price contract;
            (4) the price of the contract will be fair and 
        reasonable, as determined by the service acquisition 
        executive of the Navy; and
            (5) the contract will provide for the United States 
        to have Government purpose rights in the data for the 
        ship design.
    (c) Report.--The report described in this subsection is a 
report that includes--
            (1) an explanation of the rationale for awarding a 
        contract for the construction of joint high speed 
        vessels or expeditionary fast transports on a sole-
        source basis; and
            (2) a description of--
                    (A) actions that may be carried out to 
                ensure that, if additional ships in the class 
                are procured after the award of the contract 
                referred to in paragraph (1), the contracts for 
                the ships shall be awarded using competitive 
                procedures; and
                    (B) with respect to each such action, an 
                implementation schedule and any associated cost 
                savings, as compared to a contract awarded on a 
                sole-source basis.

SEC. 125. LIMITATION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR THE ADVANCED 
                    ARRESTING GEAR PROGRAM.

    (a) Advanced Arresting Gear for U.S.S. Enterprise.--None of 
the funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act or 
otherwise made available for fiscal year 2017 for the research 
and development, design, procurement, or advanced procurement 
of materials for advanced arresting gear for the U.S.S. 
Enterprise (CVN-80) may be obligated or expended until the 
Secretary of Defense submits to the congressional defense 
committees the report described in section 2432 of title 10, 
United States Code, for the most recently concluded fiscal 
quarter for the Advanced Arresting Gear Program in accordance 
with subsection (c)(1).
    (b) Advanced Arresting Gear for U.S.S. John F. Kennedy.--
None of the funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act or 
otherwise made available for fiscal year 2017 for the research 
and development, design, procurement, or advanced procurement 
of materials for advanced arresting gear for the U.S.S. John F. 
Kennedy (CVN-79) may be obligated or expended unless--
            (1) the decision to install advanced arresting gear 
        on the vessel is determined by the milestone decision 
        authority for the Program; and
            (2) the milestone decision authority for the 
        Program submits notification of such determination to 
        the congressional defense committees.
    (c) Additional Requirements.--
            (1) Treatment of baseline estimate.--The Secretary 
        of Defense shall deem the Baseline Estimate for the 
        Advanced Arresting Gear Program for fiscal year 2009 as 
        the original Baseline Estimate for the Program.
            (2) Unit cost reports and critical cost growth.--
                    (A) Subject to subparagraph (B), the 
                Secretary shall carry out sections 2433 and 
                2433a of title 10, United States Code, with 
                respect to the Advanced Arresting Gear Program, 
                as if the Department had submitted a Selected 
                Acquisition Report for the Program that 
                included the Baseline Estimate for the Program 
                for fiscal year 2009 as the original Baseline 
                Estimate, except that the Secretary shall not 
                carry out subparagraph (B) or subparagraph (C) 
                of section 2433a(c)(1) of such title with 
                respect to the Program.
                    (B) In carrying out the review required by 
                section 2433a of such title, the Secretary 
                shall not approve a contract, enter into a new 
                contract, exercise an option under a contract, 
                or otherwise extend the scope of a contract for 
                advanced arresting gear for the U.S.S. 
                Enterprise (CVN-80), except to the extent 
                determined necessary by the milestone decision 
                authority, on a non-delegable basis, to ensure 
                that the Program can be restructured as 
                intended by the Secretary without unnecessarily 
                wasting resources.
    (d) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) Baseline estimate.--The term ``Baseline 
        Estimate'' has the meaning given the term in section 
        2433(a)(2) of title 10, United States Code.
            (2) Mileston decision authority.--The term 
        ``milestone decision authority'' has the meaning given 
        the term in section 2366b(g)(3) of title 10, United 
        States Code.
            (3) Original baseline estimate.--The term 
        ``original Baseline Estimate'' has the meaning given 
        the term in section 2435(d)(1) of title 10, United 
        States Code.
            (4) Selected acquisition report.--The term 
        ``Selected Acquisition Report'' means a Selected 
        Acquisition Report submitted to Congress under section 
        2432 of title 10, United States Code.

SEC. 126. LIMITATION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR PROCUREMENT OF U.S.S. 
                    ENTERPRISE (CVN-80).

    (a) Limitation.--Of the funds authorized to be appropriated 
by this Act or otherwise made available for fiscal year 2017 
for advance procurement or procurement for the U.S.S. 
Enterprise (CVN-80), not more than 25 percent may be obligated 
or expended until the date on which the Secretary of the Navy 
and the Chief of Naval Operations jointly submit to the 
congressional defense committees the report under subsection 
(b).
    (b) Initial Report on CVN-79 and CVN-80.--Not later than 
December 1, 2016, the Secretary of the Navy and the Chief of 
Naval Operations shall jointly submit to the congressional 
defense committees a report that includes a description of 
actions that may be carried out (including de-scoping 
requirements, if necessary) to achieve a ship end cost of--
            (1) not more than $12,000,000,000 for the CVN-80; 
        and
            (2) not more than $11,000,000,000 for the U.S.S. 
        John F. Kennedy (CVN-79).
    (c) Annual Report on CVN-79 and CVN-80.--
            (1) In general.--Together with the budget of the 
        President for each fiscal year through fiscal year 2021 
        (as submitted to Congress under section 1105(a) of 
        title 31, United States Code) the Secretary of the Navy 
        and the Chief of Naval Operations shall submit a report 
        on the efforts of the Navy to achieve the ship end 
        costs described in subsection (b) for the CVN-79 and 
        CVN-80.
            (2) Elements.--The report under paragraph (1) shall 
        include, with respect to the procurement of the CVN-79 
        and the CVN-80, the following:
                    (A) A description of the progress made 
                toward achieving the ship end costs described 
                in subsection (b), including realized cost 
                savings.
                    (B) A description of low value-added or 
                unnecessary elements of program cost that have 
                been reduced or eliminated.
                    (C) Cost savings estimates for current and 
                planned initiatives.
                    (D) A schedule that includes--
                            (i) a plan for spending with 
                        phasing of key obligations and outlays;
                            (ii) decision points describing 
                        when savings may be realized; and
                            (iii) key events that must occur to 
                        execute initiatives and achieve 
                        savings.
                    (E) Instances of lower Government estimates 
                used in contract negotiations.
                    (F) A description of risks that may result 
                from achieving the procurement end costs 
                specified in subsection (b).
                    (G) A description of incentives or rewards 
                provided or planned to be provided to prime 
                contractors for meeting the procurement end 
                costs specified in subsection (b).

SEC. 127. SENSE OF CONGRESS ON AIRCRAFT CARRIER PROCUREMENT SCHEDULES.

    (a) Findings.--Congress finds the following:
            (1) In the Congressional Budget Office report 
        titled ``An Analysis of the Navy's Fiscal Year 2016 
        Shipbuilding Plan'', the Office stated as follows: ``To 
        prevent the carrier force from declining to 10 ships in 
        the 2040s, 1 short of its inventory goal of 11, the 
        Navy could accelerate purchases after 2018 to 1 every 
        four years, rather than 1 every five years''.
            (2) In a report submitted to Congress on March 17, 
        2015, the Secretary of the Navy indicated the 
        Department of the Navy has a requirement of 11 aircraft 
        carriers.
    (b) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress that--
            (1) the plan of the Department of the Navy to 
        schedule the procurement of one aircraft carrier every 
        five years will reduce the overall aircraft carrier 
        inventory to 10 aircraft carriers, a level insufficient 
        to meet peacetime and war plan requirements; and
            (2) to accommodate the required aircraft carrier 
        force structure, the Department of the Navy should--
                    (A) begin to program construction for the 
                next aircraft carrier to be built after the 
                U.S.S. Enterprise (CVN-80) in fiscal year 2022; 
                and
                    (B) program the required advance 
                procurement activities to accommodate the 
                construction of such carrier.

SEC. 128. REPORT ON P-8 POSEIDON AIRCRAFT.

    (a) Report Required.--Not later than October 1, 2017, the 
Secretary of the Navy shall submit to the congressional defense 
committees a report on potential upgrades to the capabilities 
of the P-8 Poseidon aircraft.
    (b) Elements.--The report under subsection (a) shall 
include, with respect to the P-8 Poseidon aircraft, the 
following:
            (1) A review of potential upgrades to the sensors 
        onboard the aircraft, including upgrades to 
        intelligence sensors, surveillance sensors, and 
        reconnaissance sensors such as those being fielded on 
        MQ-4 Global Hawk aircraft platforms.
            (2) An assessment of the ability of the Navy to use 
        long-range multispectral imaging systems onboard the 
        aircraft that are similar to such systems being used 
        onboard the MQ-4 Global Hawk aircraft.

SEC. 129. DESIGN AND CONSTRUCTION OF REPLACEMENT DOCK LANDING SHIP 
                    DESIGNATED LX(R) OR AMPHIBIOUS TRANSPORT DOCK 
                    DESIGNATED LPD-29.

    (a) In General.--The Secretary of the Navy may enter into a 
contract, beginning with the fiscal year 2017 program year, for 
the design and construction of the replacement dock landing 
ship designated LX(R) or the amphibious transport dock 
designated LPD-29 using amounts authorized to be appropriated 
for the Department of Defense for Shipbuilding and Conversion, 
Navy.
    (b) Use of Incremental Funding.--With respect to the 
contract entered into under subsection (a), the Secretary may 
use incremental funding to make payments under the contract.
    (c) Condition for Out-year Contract Payments.--The contract 
entered into under subsection (a) shall provide that any 
obligation of the United States to make a payment under such 
contract for any fiscal year after fiscal year 2017 is subject 
to the availability of appropriations for that purpose for such 
fiscal year.

                     Subtitle D--Air Force Programs

SEC. 131. EC-130H COMPASS CALL RECAPITALIZATION PROGRAM.

    (a) Authorization.--Subject to subsection (b), the 
Secretary of the Air Force may carry out a program to transfer 
the primary mission equipment of the EC-130H Compass Call 
aircraft fleet to an aircraft platform that the Secretary 
determines--
            (1) is more operationally effective and survivable 
        than the existing EC-130H Compass Call aircraft 
        platform; and
            (2) meets the requirements of the combatant 
        commands.
    (b) Limitation.--
            (1) Except as provided in paragraph (2), none of 
        the funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act or 
        otherwise made available for fiscal year 2017 or any 
        other fiscal year for procurement may be obligated or 
        expended on the program under subsection (a) until the 
        date on which the Secretary of the Air Force determines 
        that there is a high likelihood that the program will 
        meet the requirements of the combatant commands.
            (2) The limitation in paragraph (1)--
                    (A) shall not apply to the development and 
                procurement of the first two aircraft under the 
                program; and
                    (B) shall not limit the authority of the 
                Secretary to enter into a contract that may 
                include an option for the future production of 
                aircraft under the program if--
                            (i) the exercise of such option is 
                        at the discretion of the Secretary; and
                            (ii) such option is not exercised 
                        until the Secretary determines that 
                        there is a high likelihood that the 
                        program will meet the requirements of 
                        the combatant commands.

SEC. 132. REPEAL OF REQUIREMENT TO PRESERVE CERTAIN RETIRED C-5 
                    AIRCRAFT.

    Section 141 of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
Fiscal Year 2013 (Public Law 112-239; 126 Stat. 1659) is 
amended by striking subsection (d).

SEC. 133. REPEAL OF REQUIREMENT TO PRESERVE F-117 AIRCRAFT IN 
                    RECALLABLE CONDITION.

    Section 136 of the John Warner National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2007 (Public Law 109-364; 120 
Stat. 2114) is amended by striking subsection (b).

SEC. 134. PROHIBITION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR RETIREMENT OF A-10 
                    AIRCRAFT.

    (a) Prohibition on Availability of Funds for Retirement.--
None of the funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act or 
otherwise made available for fiscal year 2017 for the Air Force 
may be obligated or expended to retire, prepare to retire, or 
place in storage or on backup aircraft inventory status any A-
10 aircraft.
    (b) Additional Limitation on Retirement.--In addition to 
the prohibition in subsection (a), the Secretary of the Air 
Force may not retire, prepare to retire, or place in storage or 
on backup aircraft inventory status any A-10 aircraft until a 
period of 90 days has elapsed following the date on which the 
Secretary submits to the congressional defense committees the 
report under subsection (e)(2).
    (c) Prohibition on Significant Reductions in Manning 
Levels.--None of the funds authorized to be appropriated by 
this Act or otherwise made available for fiscal year 2017 for 
the Air Force may be obligated or expended to make significant 
reductions to manning levels with respect to any A-10 aircraft 
squadrons or divisions.
    (d) Minimum Inventory Requirement.--The Secretary of the 
Air Force shall ensure the Air Force maintains a minimum of 171 
A-10 aircraft designated as primary mission aircraft inventory 
until a period of 90 days has elapsed following the date on 
which the Secretary submits to the congressional defense 
committees the report under subsection (e)(2).
    (e) Reports Required.--
            (1) The Director of Operational Test and Evaluation 
        shall submit to the congressional defense committees a 
        report that includes--
                    (A) the results and findings of the initial 
                operational test and evaluation of the F-35 
                aircraft program; and
                    (B) a comparison test and evaluation that 
                examines the capabilities of the F-35A and A-
                10C aircraft in conducting close air support, 
                combat search and rescue, and forward air 
                controller airborne missions.
            (2) Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
        submission of the report under paragraph (1), the 
        Secretary of the Air Force shall submit to the 
        congressional defense committees a report that 
        includes--
                    (A) the views of the Secretary with respect 
                to the results of the initial operational test 
                and evaluation of the F-35 aircraft program as 
                summarized in the report under paragraph (1), 
                including any issues or concerns of the 
                Secretary with respect to such results;
                    (B) a plan for addressing any deficiencies 
                and carrying out any corrective actions 
                identified in such report; and
                    (C) short-term and long-term strategies for 
                preserving the capability of the Air Force to 
                conduct close air support, combat search and 
                rescue, and forward air controller airborne 
                missions.
    (f) Special Rule.--
            (1) Subject to paragraph (2), the Secretary of the 
        Air Force may carry out the transition of the A-10 unit 
        at Fort Wayne Air National Guard Base, Indiana, to an 
        F-16 unit as described by the Secretary in the Force 
        Structure Actions map submitted in support of the 
        budget of the President for fiscal year 2017 (as 
        submitted to Congress under section 1105(a) of title 
        31, United States Code).
            (2) Subsections (a) through (e) shall apply with 
        respect to any A-10 aircraft affected by the transition 
        described in paragraph (1).

SEC. 135. LIMITATION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR DESTRUCTION OF A-10 
                    AIRCRAFT IN STORAGE STATUS.

    (a) Limitation.--None of the funds authorized to be 
appropriated by this Act or otherwise made available for the 
Air Force for fiscal year 2017 or any fiscal year thereafter 
may be obligated or expended to scrap, destroy, or otherwise 
dispose of any potential donor A-10 aircraft until the date on 
which the Secretary of the Air Force submits to the 
congressional defense committees the report required under 
section 134(e)(2).
    (b) Notification and Certification.--Not later than 45 days 
before taking any action to scrap, destroy, or otherwise 
dispose of any A-10 aircraft in any storage status in the 309th 
Aerospace Maintenance and Regeneration Group, the Secretary of 
the Air Force shall--
            (1) notify the congressional defense committees of 
        the intent of the Secretary to take such action; and
            (2) certify that the A-10 aircraft subject to such 
        action does not have serviceable wings or other 
        components that could be used to prevent the permanent 
        removal of any active inventory A-10 aircraft from 
        flyable status.
    (c) Plan to Prevent Removal A-10 Aircraft From Flyable 
Status.--The Secretary of the Air Force shall--
            (1) include with the materials submitted to 
        Congress in support of the budget of the Department of 
        Defense for fiscal year 2018 (as submitted with the 
        budget of the President under section 1105(a) of title 
        31, United States Code) a plan to prevent the permanent 
        removal of any active inventory A-10 aircraft from 
        flyable status due to unserviceable wings or any other 
        required component during the period covered by the 
        future years defense plan submitted to Congress under 
        section 221 of title 10, United States Code; and
            (2) carry out such plan to prevent the permanent 
        removal of any active inventory A-10 aircraft from 
        flyable status.
    (d) Potential Donor A-10 Aircraft Defined.--In this 
section, the term ``potential donor A-10 aircraft'' means any 
A-10 aircraft in any storage status in the 309th Aerospace 
Maintenance and Regeneration Group that has serviceable wings 
or other components that could be used to prevent any active 
inventory A-10 aircraft from being permanently removed from 
flyable status due to unserviceable wings or other components.

SEC. 136. PROHIBITION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR RETIREMENT OF JOINT 
                    SURVEILLANCE TARGET ATTACK RADAR SYSTEM AIRCRAFT.

    (a) Prohibition.--Except as provided by subsection (b) and 
in addition to the prohibition under section 144 of the 
National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2016 (Public 
Law 114-92; 129 Stat. 758), none of the funds authorized to be 
appropriated or otherwise made available for fiscal year 2018 
for the Air Force may be obligated or expended to retire, or 
prepare to retire, any Joint Surveillance Target Attack Radar 
System aircraft.
    (b) Exception.--The prohibition in subsection (a) shall not 
apply to individual Joint Surveillance Target Attack Radar 
System aircraft that the Secretary of the Air Force determines, 
on a case-by-case basis, to be non-operational because of 
mishaps, other damage, or being uneconomical to repair.

SEC. 137. ELIMINATION OF ANNUAL REPORT ON AIRCRAFT INVENTORY.

    Section 231a of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) by striking subsection (e); and
            (2) by redesignating subsection (f) as subsection 
        (e).

       Subtitle E--Defense-wide, Joint, and Multiservice Matters

SEC. 141. STANDARDIZATION OF 5.56MM RIFLE AMMUNITION.

    (a) Report.--If, on the date that is 180 days after the 
date of the enactment of this Act, the Army and the Marine 
Corps are using in combat two different types of enhanced 
5.56mm rifle ammunition, the Secretary of Defense shall, on 
such date, submit to the congressional defense committees a 
report explaining the reasons that the Army and the Marine 
Corps are using different types of such ammunition.
    (b) Standardization Requirement.--Except as provided in 
subsection (c), not later than one year after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall ensure 
that the Army and the Marine Corps are using in combat one 
standard type of enhanced 5.56mm rifle ammunition.
    (c) Exception.--Subsection (b) shall not apply in a case in 
which the Secretary of Defense--
            (1) determines that a state of emergency requires 
        the Army and the Marine Corps to use in combat 
        different types of enhanced 5.56mm rifle ammunition; 
        and
            (2) certifies to the congressional defense 
        committees that such a determination has been made.

SEC. 142. FIRE SUPPRESSANT AND FUEL CONTAINMENT STANDARDS FOR CERTAIN 
                    VEHICLES.

    (a) Guidance Required.--
            (1) The Secretary of the Army shall issue guidance 
        regarding fire suppressant and fuel containment 
        standards for covered vehicles of the Army.
            (2) The Secretary of the Navy shall issue guidance 
        regarding fire suppressant and fuel containment 
        standards for covered vehicles of the Marine Corps.
    (b) Elements.--The guidance regarding fire suppressant and 
fuel containment standards issued pursuant to subsection (a) 
shall--
            (1) meet the survivability requirements applicable 
        to each class of covered vehicles;
            (2) include standards for vehicle armor, vehicle 
        fire suppression systems, and fuel containment 
        technologies in covered vehicles; and
            (3) balance cost, survivability, and mobility.
    (c) Report to Congress.--Not later than 180 days after the 
date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of the Army 
and the Secretary of the Navy shall each submit to the 
congressional defense committees a report that includes--
            (1) the policy guidance established pursuant to 
        subsection (a), set forth separately for each class of 
        covered vehicle; and
            (2) any other information the Secretaries determine 
        to be appropriate.
    (d) Covered Vehicles.--In this section, the term ``covered 
vehicles'' means ground vehicles acquired on or after October 
1, 2018, under a major defense acquisition program (as such 
term is defined in section 2430 of title 10, United States 
Code), including light tactical vehicles, medium tactical 
vehicles, heavy tactical vehicles, and ground combat vehicles.

SEC. 143. LIMITATION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR DESTRUCTION OF 
                    CERTAIN CLUSTER MUNITIONS.

    (a) Limitation.--Except as provided in subsection (b), none 
of the funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act or 
otherwise made available for fiscal year 2017 for the 
Department of Defense may be obligated or expended for the 
destruction of cluster munitions until the date on which the 
Secretary of Defense submits the report required by subsection 
(c).
    (b) Exception for Safety.--The limitation under subsection 
(a) shall not apply to the destruction of cluster munitions 
that the Secretary determines--
            (1) are unserviceable as a result of an inspection, 
        test, field incident, or other significant failure to 
        meet performance or logistics requirements; or
            (2) are unsafe or could pose a safety risk if not 
        demilitarized or destroyed.
    (c) Report Required.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than March 1, 2017, the 
        Secretary of Defense shall submit to the congressional 
        defense committees a report that includes each of the 
        following elements:
                    (A) A description of the policy of the 
                Department of Defense regarding the use of 
                cluster munitions, including an explanation of 
                the process through which commanders may seek 
                waivers to use such munitions.
                    (B) A 10-year projection of the 
                requirements and inventory levels for all 
                cluster munitions that takes into account 
                future production of cluster munitions, any 
                plans for demilitarization of such munitions, 
                any plans for the recapitalization of such 
                munitions, the age of the munitions, storage 
                and safety considerations, and other factors 
                that will affect the size of the inventory.
                    (C) A 10-year projection for the cost to 
                achieve the inventory levels projected in 
                subparagraph (B), including the cost for 
                potential demilitarization or disposal of such 
                munitions.
                    (D) A 10-year projection for the cost to 
                develop and produce new cluster munitions that 
                comply with the Memorandum of the Secretary of 
                Defense dated June 19, 2008, regarding the 
                Department of Defense policy on cluster 
                munitions and unintended harm to civilians that 
                the Secretary determines are necessary to meet 
                the demands of current operational plans.
                    (E) An assessment, by the Chairman of the 
                Joint Chiefs of Staff, of the effects of the 
                projected cluster inventory on operational 
                plans.
                    (F) Any other matters that the Secretary 
                determines should be included in the report.
            (2) Form of report.--The report required by 
        paragraph (1) shall be submitted in unclassified form, 
        but may include a classified annex.
    (d) Cluster Munitions Defined.--In this section, the term 
``cluster munitions'' includes systems delivered by aircraft, 
cruise missiles, artillery, mortars, missiles, tanks, rocket 
launchers, or naval guns that deploy payloads of explosive 
submunitions that detonate via target acquisition, impact, or 
altitude, or that self-destruct.

SEC. 144. REPORT ON DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE MUNITIONS STRATEGY FOR THE 
                    COMBATANT COMMANDS.

    (a) Report Required.--Not later than April 1, 2017, the 
Secretary of Defense shall submit to the congressional defense 
committees a report on the munitions strategy for the combatant 
commands for the six-year period beginning on January 1, 2017.
    (b) Elements.--The report required by subsection (a) shall 
include the following:
            (1) For each year covered by the report, an 
        identification of the munitions requirements of the 
        combatant commands, including--
                    (A) plans, programming, and budgeting for 
                each type of munition; and
                    (B) the inventory of each type of munition.
            (2) An assessment of any gaps and shortfalls with 
        respect to munitions determined to be essential to the 
        ability of the combatant commands to fulfill mission 
        requirements.
            (3) An assessment of how current and planned 
        munitions programs may affect operational concepts and 
        capabilities of the combatant commands.
            (4) An identification of limitations in relevant 
        industrial bases and a description of necessary 
        munitions investments.
            (5) An assessment of how munitions capability and 
        capacity may be affected by changes consistent with the 
        memorandum of the Secretary of Defense dated June 19, 
        2008, regarding the policy of the Department of Defense 
        on cluster munitions and unintended harm to civilians.
            (6) Any other matters the Secretary determines 
        appropriate.

SEC. 145. MODIFICATIONS TO REPORTING ON USE OF COMBAT MISSION 
                    REQUIREMENTS FUNDS.

    Section 123 of the Ike Skelton National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2011 (Public Law 111-383; 124 
Stat. 4158; 10 U.S.C. 167 note) is amended--
            (1) in the section heading, by striking 
        ``quarterly'' and inserting ``annual'';
            (2) in the subsection heading of subsection (a), by 
        striking ``Quarterly'' and inserting ``Annual''; and
            (3) by striking ``quarter'' each place it appears 
        and inserting ``year''.

SEC. 146. REPORT ON ALTERNATIVE MANAGEMENT STRUCTURES FOR THE F-35 
                    JOINT STRIKE FIGHTER PROGRAM.

    (a) In General.--Not later than March 31, 2017, the 
Secretary of Defense shall submit to the congressional defense 
committees a report on potential alternative management 
structures for the F-35 joint strike fighter program.
    (b) Elements.--The report under subsection (a) shall 
include the following:
            (1) An analysis of potential alternative management 
        structures for the F-35 joint strike fighter program, 
        including--
                    (A) continuation of the joint program 
                office for the program;
                    (B) the establishment of separate program 
                offices for the program in the Department of 
                the Air Force and the Department of the Navy;
                    (C) the establishment of separate program 
                offices for each variant of the F-35A, F-35B, 
                and F-35C;
                    (D) division of responsibilities for the 
                program between a joint program office and the 
                military departments; and
                    (E) such other alternative management 
                structures as the Secretary determines to be 
                appropriate.
            (2) An evaluation of the benefits and drawbacks of 
        each alternative management structure analyzed in the 
        report with respect to--
                    (A) cost;
                    (B) alignment of responsibility and 
                accountability; and
                    (C) the adequacy of representation from 
                military departments and program partners.
    (c) Form.--The report under subsection (a) shall be 
submitted in unclassified form, but may include a classified 
annex.

SEC. 147. COMPTROLLER GENERAL REVIEW OF F-35 LIGHTNING II AIRCRAFT 
                    SUSTAINMENT SUPPORT.

    (a) Review.--Not later than September 30, 2017, the 
Comptroller General of the United States shall submit to the 
congressional defense committees a report on the sustainment 
support structure for the F-35 Lightning II aircraft program.
    (b) Elements.--The review under subsection (a) shall 
include, with respect to the F-35 Lightning II aircraft 
program, the following:
            (1) The status of the sustainment support strategy 
        for the program, including goals for personnel 
        training, required infrastructure, and fleet readiness.
            (2) Approaches, including performance-based 
        logistics, considered in developing the sustainment 
        support strategy for the program.
            (3) Other information regarding sustainment and 
        logistics support for the program that the Comptroller 
        General determines to be of critical importance to the 
        long-term viability of the program.

SEC. 148. BRIEFING ON ACQUISITION STRATEGY FOR GROUND MOBILITY VEHICLE.

    (a) Briefing Required.--Not later than 180 days after the 
date of the enactment of this Act, the Under Secretary of 
Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics, in 
consultation with the Secretary of the Army, shall provide a 
briefing to the congressional defense committees on the 
acquisition strategy for the Ground Mobility Vehicle for use 
with the Global Response Force of the 82nd Airborne Division.
    (b) Elements.--The briefing under subsection (a) shall 
include an assessment of the following:
            (1) The feasability of acquiring the Ground 
        Mobility Vehicle--
                    (A) as a commercially available off-the-
                shelf item (as such term is defined in section 
                104 of title 41, United States Code); or
                    (B) as a modified version of such an item.
            (2) Whether acquiring the Ground Mobility Vehicle 
        in a manner described in paragraph (1) would satisfy 
        the requirements of the program and reduce the life-
        cycle cost of the program.
            (3) Whether the acquisition strategy for the Ground 
        Mobility Vehicle meets the focus areas specified in the 
        most recent version of the Better Buying Power 
        initiative of the Secretary of Defense.
            (4) Whether including an active safety system in 
        the Ground Mobility Vehicle, such as the electronic 
        stability control system used on the joint light 
        tactical vehicle, would reduce the risk of vehicle 
        rollover.

SEC. 149. STUDY AND REPORT ON OPTIMAL MIX OF AIRCRAFT CAPABILITIES FOR 
                    THE ARMED FORCES.

    (a) Study.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
        conduct a study to determine--
                    (A) an optimal mix of short-range fighter-
                class strike aircraft and long-range strike 
                aircraft for the use of the Armed Forces during 
                the covered period;
                    (B) an optimal mix of manned aerial 
                platforms and unmanned aerial platforms for the 
                use of the Armed Forces during such period; and
                    (C) an optimal mix of other aircraft and 
                capabilities for the use of the Armed Forces 
                during such period, including--
                            (i) long-range, medium-range, and 
                        short-range intelligence, surveillance, 
                        reconnaissance, or strike aircraft, or 
                        combination of such aircraft;
                            (ii) aircraft with varying 
                        observability characteristics;
                            (iii) land-based and sea-based 
                        aircraft;
                            (iv) advanced legacy fourth-
                        generation aircraft platforms of proven 
                        design;
                            (v) next generation air superiority 
                        capabilities; and
                            (vi) advanced technology 
                        innovations.
            (2) Considerations.--In making the determinations 
        under paragraph (1), the Secretary shall consider 
        defense strategy, critical assumptions, priorities, 
        force size, and cost.
    (b) Report.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than April 14, 2017, the 
        Secretary shall submit to the appropriate congressional 
        committees a report that includes the following:
                    (A) The results of the study conducted 
                under subsection (a).
                    (B) A discussion of the specific 
                assumptions, observations, conclusions, and 
                recommendations of the study.
                    (C) A description of the modeling and 
                analysis techniques used for the study.
                    (D) A plan for fielding complementary 
                aircraft and capabilities identified as an 
                optimal mix in the study under subsection (a).
                    (E) A plan to meet objectives and fulfill 
                the warfighting capability and capacity 
                requirements of the combatant commands using 
                the aircraft and capabilities described in 
                subsection (a).
            (2) Form.--The report under paragraph (1) may be 
        submitted in classified form, but shall include an 
        unclassified executive summary.
            (3) Nonduplication of effort.--If any information 
        required under paragraph (1) has been included in 
        another report or notification previously submitted to 
        any of the appropriate congressional committees by law, 
        the Secretary may provide a list of such reports and 
        notifications at the time of submitting the report 
        required under such paragraph instead of including such 
        information in such report.
            (4) Definitions.--ln this subsection:
                    (A) The term ``appropriate congressional 
                committees'' means the congressional defense 
                committees, the Select Committee on 
                Intelligence of the Senate, and the Permanent 
                Select Committee on Intelligence of the House 
                of Representatives.
                    (B) The term ``covered period'' means the 
                period beginning on the date of the enactment 
                of this Act and ending on January 1, 2030.

          TITLE II--RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT, TEST, AND EVALUATION

               Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations

Sec. 201. Authorization of appropriations.

     Subtitle B--Program Requirements, Restrictions, and Limitations

Sec. 211. Laboratory quality enhancement program.
Sec. 212. Modification of mechanisms to provide funds for defense 
          laboratories for research and development of technologies for 
          military missions.
Sec. 213. Making permanent authority for defense research and 
          development rapid innovation program.
Sec. 214. Authorization for National Defense University and Defense 
          Acquisition University to enter into cooperative research and 
          development agreements.
Sec. 215. Manufacturing Engineering Education Grant Program.
Sec. 216. Notification requirement for certain rapid prototyping, 
          experimentation, and demonstration activities.
Sec. 217. Increased micro-purchase threshold for research programs and 
          entities.
Sec. 218. Improved biosafety for handling of select agents and toxins.
Sec. 219. Designation of Department of Defense senior official with 
          principal responsibility for directed energy weapons.
Sec. 220. Restructuring of the distributed common ground system of the 
          Army.
Sec. 221. Limitation on availability of funds for the countering weapons 
          of mass destruction system Constellation.
Sec. 222. Limitation on availability of funds for Defense Innovation 
          Unit Experimental.
Sec. 223. Limitation on availability of funds for Joint Surveillance 
          Target Attack Radar System (JSTARS) recapitalization program.
Sec. 224. Acquisition program baseline and annual reports on follow-on 
          modernization program for F-35 Joint Strike Fighter.

                  Subtitle C--Reports and Other Matters

Sec. 231. Strategy for assured access to trusted microelectronics.
Sec. 232. Pilot program on evaluation of commercial information 
          technology.
Sec. 233. Pilot program for the enhancement of the research, 
          development, test, and evaluation centers of the Department of 
          Defense.
Sec. 234. Pilot program on modernization and fielding of electromagnetic 
          spectrum warfare systems and electronic warfare capabilities.
Sec. 235. Pilot program on disclosure of certain sensitive information 
          to federally funded research and development centers.
Sec. 236. Pilot program on enhanced interaction between the Defense 
          Advanced Research Projects Agency and the service academies.
Sec. 237. Independent review of F/A-18 physiological episodes and 
          corrective actions.
Sec. 238. B-21 bomber development program accountability matrices.
Sec. 239. Study on helicopter crash prevention and mitigation 
          technology.
Sec. 240. Strategy for Improving Electronic and Electromagnetic Spectrum 
          Warfare Capabilities.
Sec. 241. Sense of Congress on development and fielding of fifth 
          generation airborne systems.

              Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations

SEC. 201. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

    Funds are hereby authorized to be appropriated for fiscal 
year 2017 for the use of the Department of Defense for 
research, development, test, and evaluation, as specified in 
the funding table in section 4201.

    Subtitle B--Program Requirements, Restrictions, and Limitations

SEC. 211. LABORATORY QUALITY ENHANCEMENT PROGRAM.

    (a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense, acting through 
the Assistant Secretary of Defense for Research and 
Engineering, shall carry out a program to be known as the 
``Laboratory Quality Enhancement Program'' under which the 
Secretary shall establish the panels described in subsection 
(b) and direct such panels--
            (1) to review and make recommendations to the 
        Secretary with respect to--
                    (A) existing policies and practices 
                affecting the science and technology 
                reinvention laboratories to improve the mission 
                effectiveness of such laboratories; and
                    (B) new initiatives proposed by the science 
                and technology reinvention laboratories;
            (2) to support implementation of current and future 
        initiatives affecting the science and technology 
        reinvention laboratories; and
            (3) to conduct assessments or data analysis on such 
        other issues as the Secretary determines to be 
        appropriate.
    (b) Panels.--The panels described in this subsection are:
            (1) A panel on personnel, workforce development, 
        and talent management.
            (2) A panel on facilities, equipment, and 
        infrastructure.
            (3) A panel on research strategy, technology 
        transfer, and industry and university partnerships.
            (4) A panel on governance and oversight processes.
    (c) Composition of Panels.--(1) Each panel described in 
paragraphs (1) through (3) of subsection (b) may be composed of 
subject matter and technical management experts from--
            (A) laboratories and research centers of the Army, 
        Navy, and Air Force;
            (B) appropriate Defense Agencies;
            (C) the Office of the Assistant Secretary of 
        Defense for Research and Engineering; and
            (D) such other entities as the Secretary determines 
        to be appropriate.
    (2) The panel described in subsection (b)(4) shall be 
composed of--
            (A) the Director of the Army Research Laboratory;
            (B) the Director of the Air Force Research 
        Laboratory;
            (C) the Director of the Naval Research Laboratory;
            (D) the Director of the Engineer Research and 
        Development Center of the Army Corps of Engineers; and
            (E) such other members as the Secretary determines 
        to be appropriate.
    (d) Governance of Panels.--(1) The chairperson of each 
panel shall be selected by its members.
    (2) Each panel, in coordination with the Assistant 
Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering, shall 
transmit to the Science and Technology Executive Committee of 
the Department of Defense such information or findings on 
topics requiring decision or approval as the panel considers 
appropriate.
    (e) Discharge of Certain Authorities to Conduct Personnel 
Demonstration Projects.--Subparagraph (C) of section 342(b)(3) 
of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1995 
(Public Law 103-337; 108 Stat. 2721), as added by section 
1114(a) of the Floyd D. Spence National Defense Authorization 
Act for Fiscal Year 2001 (as enacted into law by Public Law 
106-398; 114 Stat. 1654A-315), is amended by inserting before 
the period at the end the following: ``through the Assistant 
Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering (who shall 
place an emphasis in the exercise of such authorities on 
enhancing efficient operations of the laboratory and who may, 
in exercising such authorities, request administrative support 
from science and technology reinvention laboratories to review, 
research, and adjudicate personnel demonstration project 
proposals)''.
    (f) Science and Technology Reinvention Laboratory 
Defined.--In this section, the term ``science and technology 
reinvention laboratory'' means a science and technology 
reinvention laboratory designated under section 1105 of the 
National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2010 (Public 
Law 111-84; 10 U.S.C. 2358 note), as amended.

SEC. 212. MODIFICATION OF MECHANISMS TO PROVIDE FUNDS FOR DEFENSE 
                    LABORATORIES FOR RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT OF 
                    TECHNOLOGIES FOR MILITARY MISSIONS.

    (a) Amount Authorized Under Current Mechanism.--Paragraph 
(1) of subsection (a) of section 219 of the Duncan Hunter 
National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2009 (10 
U.S.C. 2358 note) is amended in the matter before subparagraph 
(A) by striking ``not more than three percent'' and inserting 
``not less two percent and not more than four percent''.
    (b) Additional Mechanism to Provide Funds.--Such subsection 
is further amended by adding at the end the following new 
paragraph:
            ``(3) Fee.--After consultation with the science and 
        technology executive of the military department 
        concerned, the director of a defense laboratory may 
        charge customer activities a fixed percentage fee, in 
        addition to normal costs of performance, in order to 
        obtain funds to carry out activities authorized by this 
        subsection. The fixed fee may not exceed four percent 
        of costs.''.
    (c) Modification of Cost Limit Compliance for 
Infrastructure Projects.--Subsection (b)(4) of such section is 
amended by adding at the end the following new subparagraph:
                    ``(C) Section 2802 of such title, with 
                respect to construction projects that exceed 
                the cost specified in subsection (a)(2) of 
                section 2805 of such title for certain 
                unspecified minor military construction 
                projects for laboratories.''.
    (d) Repeal of Sunset.--Such section is amended by striking 
subsection (d).

SEC. 213. MAKING PERMANENT AUTHORITY FOR DEFENSE RESEARCH AND 
                    DEVELOPMENT RAPID INNOVATION PROGRAM.

    Section 1073 of the Ike Skelton National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2011 (Public Law 111-383; 10 
U.S.C. 2359 note) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (d), by striking ``for each of 
        fiscal years 2011 through 2023 may be used for any such 
        fiscal year'' and inserting ``for a fiscal year may be 
        used for such fiscal year''; and
            (2) by striking subsection (f).

SEC. 214. AUTHORIZATION FOR NATIONAL DEFENSE UNIVERSITY AND DEFENSE 
                    ACQUISITION UNIVERSITY TO ENTER INTO COOPERATIVE 
                    RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT AGREEMENTS.

    (a) National Defense University.--Section 2165 of title 10, 
United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the 
following new subsection:
    ``(f) Cooperative Research and Development Agreements.--(1) 
In engaging in research and development projects pursuant to 
subsection (a) of section 2358 of this title by a contract, 
cooperative agreement, or grant pursuant to subsection (b)(1) 
of such section, the Secretary may enter into such contract or 
cooperative agreement or award such grant through the National 
Defense University.
    ``(2) The National Defense University shall be considered a 
Government-operated Federal laboratory for purposes of section 
12 of the Stevenson-Wydler Technology Innovation Act of 1980 
(15 U.S.C. 3710a).''.
    (b) Defense Acquisition University.--Section 1746 of title 
10, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the 
following new subsection:
    ``(d) Cooperative Research and Development Agreements.--(1) 
In engaging in research and development projects pursuant to 
subsection (a) of section 2358 of this title by a contract, 
cooperative agreement, or grant pursuant to subsection (b)(1) 
of such section, the Secretary may enter into such contract or 
cooperative agreement or award such grant through the Defense 
Acquisition University.
    ``(2) The Defense Acquisition University shall be 
considered a Government-operated Federal laboratory for 
purposes of section 12 of the Stevenson-Wydler Technology 
Innovation Act of 1980 (15 U.S.C. 3710a).''.

SEC. 215. MANUFACTURING ENGINEERING EDUCATION GRANT PROGRAM.

    Section 2196 of title 10, United States Code, is amended to 
read as follows:

``Sec. 2196. Manufacturing engineering education program

    ``(a) Establishment of Manufacturing Engineering Education 
Program.--(1) The Secretary of Defense shall establish a 
program under which the Secretary makes grants or other awards 
to support--
            ``(A) the enhancement of existing programs in 
        manufacturing engineering education to further a 
        mission of the department; or
            ``(B) the establishment of new programs in 
        manufacturing engineering education that meet such 
        requirements.
    ``(2) Grants and awards under this section may be made to 
industry, not-for-profit institutions, institutions of higher 
education, or to consortia of such institutions or industry.
    ``(3) The Secretary shall establish the program in 
consultation with the Secretary of Education, the Director of 
the National Science Foundation, the Director of the Office of 
Science and Technology Policy, and the secretaries of such 
other relevant Federal agencies as the Secretary considers 
appropriate.
    ``(4) The Secretary shall ensure that the program is 
coordinated with Department programs associated with advanced 
manufacturing.
    ``(5) The program shall be known as the `Manufacturing 
Engineering Education Program'.
    ``(b) Geographical Distribution of Grants and Awards.--In 
awarding grants and other awards under this subsection, the 
Secretary shall, to the maximum extent practicable, avoid 
geographical concentration of awards.
    ``(c) Covered Programs.--A program of engineering education 
supported pursuant to this section shall meet the requirements 
of this section.
    ``(d) Components of Program.--The program of education for 
which such a grant is made shall be a consolidated and 
integrated multidisciplinary program of education with an 
emphasis on the following components:
            ``(1) Multidisciplinary instruction that 
        encompasses the total manufacturing engineering 
        enterprise and that may include--
                    ``(A) manufacturing engineering education 
                and training through classroom activities, 
                laboratory activities, thesis projects, 
                individual or team projects, internships, 
                cooperative work-study programs, and 
                interactions with industrial facilities, 
                consortia, or such other activities and 
                organizations in the United States and foreign 
                countries as the Secretary considers 
                appropriate;
                    ``(B) faculty development programs;
                    ``(C) recruitment of educators highly 
                qualified in manufacturing engineering to teach 
                or develop manufacturing engineering courses;
                    ``(D) presentation of seminars, workshops, 
                and training for the development of specific 
                manufacturing engineering skills;
                    ``(E) activities involving interaction 
                between students and industry, including 
                programs for visiting scholars, personnel 
                exchange, or industry executives;
                    ``(F) development of new, or updating and 
                modification of existing, manufacturing 
                curriculum, course offerings, and education 
                programs;
                    ``(G) establishment of programs in 
                manufacturing workforce training;
                    ``(H) establishment of joint manufacturing 
                engineering programs with defense laboratories 
                and depots; and
                    ``(I) expansion of manufacturing training 
                and education programs and outreach for members 
                of the armed forces, dependents and children of 
                such members, veterans, and employees of the 
                Department of Defense.
            ``(2) Opportunities for students to obtain work 
        experience in manufacturing through such activities as 
        internships, summer job placements, or cooperative 
        work-study programs.
            ``(3) Faculty and student engagement with industry 
        that is directly related to, and supportive of, the 
        education of students in manufacturing engineering 
        because of--
                    ``(A) the increased understanding of 
                manufacturing engineering challenges and 
                potential solutions; and
                    ``(B) the enhanced quality and 
                effectiveness of the instruction that result 
                from that increased understanding.
    ``(e) Proposals.--The Secretary of Defense shall solicit 
proposals for grants and other awards to be made pursuant to 
this section for the support of programs of manufacturing 
engineering education that are consistent with the purposes of 
this section.
    ``(f) Merit Competition.--Applications for awards shall be 
evaluated on the basis of merit pursuant to competitive 
procedures prescribed by the Secretary.
    ``(g) Selection Criteria.--The Secretary may select a 
proposal for an award pursuant to this section if the proposal, 
at a minimum, does each of the following:
            ``(1) Contains innovative approaches for improving 
        engineering education in manufacturing technology.
            ``(2) Demonstrates a strong commitment by the 
        proponents to apply the resources necessary to achieve 
        the objectives for which the award is to be made.
            ``(3) Provides for effective engagement with 
        industry or government organizations that supports the 
        instruction to be provided in the proposed program and 
        is likely to improve manufacturing engineering and 
        technology.
            ``(4) Demonstrates a significant level of 
        involvement of United States industry in the proposed 
        instructional and research activities.
            ``(5) Is likely to attract superior students and 
        promote careers in manufacturing engineering.
            ``(6) Proposes to involve fully qualified personnel 
        who are experienced in manufacturing engineering 
        education and technology.
            ``(7) Proposes a program that, within three years 
        after the award is made, is likely to attract from 
        sources other than the Federal Government the financial 
        and other support necessary to sustain such program.
            ``(8) Proposes to achieve a significant level of 
        participation by women, members of minority groups, and 
        individuals with disabilities through active 
        recruitment of students from among such persons.
            ``(9) Trains students in advanced manufacturing and 
        in relevant emerging technologies and production 
        processes.
    ``(h) Institution of Higher Education Defined.--In this 
section, the term `institution of higher education' has the 
meaning given such term in section 101(a) of the Higher 
Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1001(a)).''.

SEC. 216. NOTIFICATION REQUIREMENT FOR CERTAIN RAPID PROTOTYPING, 
                    EXPERIMENTATION, AND DEMONSTRATION ACTIVITIES.

    (a) Notice Required.--The Secretary of the Navy shall not 
initiate a covered activity until a period of 10 business days 
has elapsed following the date on which the Secretary submits 
to the congressional defense committees the notice described in 
subsection (b) with respect to such activity.
    (b) Elements of Notice.--The notice described in this 
subsection is a written notice of the intention of the 
Secretary to initiate a covered activity. Each such notice 
shall include the following:
            (1) A description of the activity.
            (2) Estimated costs and funding sources for the 
        activity, including a description of any cost-sharing 
        or in-kind support arrangements with other 
        participants.
            (3) A description of any transition agreement, 
        including the identity of any partner organization that 
        may receive the results of the covered activity under 
        such an agreement.
            (4) Identification of major milestones and the 
        anticipated date of completion of the activity.
    (c) Covered Activity.--In this section, the term ``covered 
activity'' means a rapid prototyping, experimentation, or 
demonstration activity carried out under program element 
0603382N.
    (d) Sunset.--The requirements of this section shall 
terminate five years after the date of the enactment of this 
Act.

SEC. 217. INCREASED MICRO-PURCHASE THRESHOLD FOR RESEARCH PROGRAMS AND 
                    ENTITIES.

    (a) Increased Micro-purchase Threshold for Basic Research 
Programs and Activities of the Department of Defense Science 
and Technology Reinvention Laboratories.--
            (1) In general.--Chapter 137 of title 10, United 
        States Code, is amended by adding at the end the 
        following new section:

``Sec. 2338. Micro-purchase threshold for basic research programs and 
                    activities of the Department of Defense science and 
                    technology reinvention laboratories

    ``Notwithstanding subsection (a) of section 1902 of title 
41, the micro-purchase threshold for the Department of Defense 
for purposes of such section is $10,000 for purposes of basic 
research programs and for the activities of the Department of 
Defense science and technology reinvention laboratories.''.
            (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at 
        the beginning of such chapter is amended by adding at 
        the end the following new item:

``2338. Micro-purchase threshold for basic research programs and 
          activities of the Department of Defense science and technology 
          reinvention laboratories.''.
    (b) Increased Micro-purchase Threshold for Universities, 
Independent Research Institutes, and Nonprofit Research 
Organizations.--Section 1902 of title 41, United States Code, 
is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)--
                    (A) by striking ``For purposes'' and 
                inserting ``(1) Except as provided in section 
                2338 of title 10 and paragraph (2) of this 
                subsection, for purposes''; and
                    (B) by adding at the end the following new 
                paragraph:
    ``(2) For purposes of this section, the micro-purchase 
threshold for procurement activities administered under 
sections 6303 through 6305 of title 31 by institutions of 
higher education (as defined in section 101(a) of the Higher 
Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1001(a)), or related or 
affiliated nonprofit entities, or by nonprofit research 
organizations or independent research institutes is--
            ``(A) $10,000; or
            ``(B) such higher threshold as determined 
        appropriate by the head of the relevant executive 
        agency and consistent with clean audit findings under 
        chapter 75 of title 31, internal institutional risk 
        assessment, or State law.''; and
            (2) in subsections (d) and (e), by striking ``not 
        greater than $3,000'' and inserting ``with a price not 
        greater than the micro-purchase threshold''.

SEC. 218. IMPROVED BIOSAFETY FOR HANDLING OF SELECT AGENTS AND TOXINS.

    (a) Quality Control and Quality Assurance Program.--The 
Secretary of Defense, acting through the executive agent for 
the biological select agent and toxin biosafety program of the 
Department of Defense, shall carry out a program to implement 
certain quality control and quality assurance measures at each 
covered facility.
    (b) Quality Control and Quality Assurance Measures.--
Subject to subsection (c), the quality control and quality 
assurance measures implemented at each covered facility under 
subsection (a) shall include the following:
            (1) Designation of an external manager to oversee 
        quality assurance and quality control.
            (2) Environmental sampling and inspection.
            (3) Production procedures that prohibit operations 
        where live biological select agents and toxins are used 
        in the same laboratory where viability testing is 
        conducted.
            (4) Production procedures that prohibit work on 
        multiple organisms or multiple strains of one organism 
        within the same biosafety cabinet.
            (5) A video surveillance program that uses video 
        monitoring as a tool to improve laboratory practices in 
        accordance with regulatory requirements.
            (6) Formal, recurring data reviews of production in 
        an effort to identify data trends and nonconformance 
        issues before such issues affect end products.
            (7) Validated protocols for production processes to 
        ensure that process deviations are adequately vetted 
        prior to implementation.
            (8) Maintenance and calibration procedures and 
        schedules for all tools, equipment, and irradiators.
    (c) Waiver.--In carrying out the program under subsection 
(a), the Secretary may waive any of the quality control and 
quality assurance measures required under subsection (b) in the 
interest of national defense.
    (d) Study and Report Required.--
            (1) Study.--The Secretary of Defense shall carry 
        out a study to evaluate--
                    (A) the feasibility of consolidating 
                covered facilities within a unified command to 
                minimize risk;
                    (B) opportunities to partner with industry 
                for the production of biological select agents 
                and toxins and related services in lieu of 
                maintaining such capabilities within the 
                Department of the Army; and
                    (C) whether operations under the biological 
                select agent and toxin production program 
                should be transferred to another government or 
                commercial laboratory that may be better suited 
                to execute production for non-Department of 
                Defense customers.
            (2) Report.--Not later than February 1, 2017, the 
        Secretary shall submit to the congressional defense 
        committees a report on the results of the study under 
        paragraph (1).
    (e) Comptroller General Review.--Not later than September 
1, 2017, the Comptroller General of the United States shall 
submit to the congressional defense committees a report that 
includes the following:
            (1) A review of--
                    (A) the actions taken by the Department of 
                Defense to address the findings and 
                recommendations of the report of the Department 
                of the Army titled ``Individual and 
                Institutional Accountability for the Shipment 
                of Viable Bacillus Anthracis from Dugway 
                Proving Grounds'', dated December 15, 2015, 
                including any actions taken to address the 
                culture of complacency in the biological select 
                agent and toxin production program identified 
                in such report; and
                    (B) the progress of the Secretary in 
                carrying out the program under subsection (a).
            (2) An analysis of the study and report under 
        subsection (d).
    (f) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) The term ``biological select agent and toxin'' 
        means any agent or toxin identified under--
                    (A) section 331.3 of title 7, Code of 
                Federal Regulations;
                    (B) section 121.3 or section 121.4 of title 
                9, Code of Federal Regulations; or
                    (C) section 73.3 or section 73.4 of title 
                42, Code of Federal Regulations.
            (2) The term ``covered facility'' means any 
        facility of the Department of Defense that produces 
        biological select agents and toxins.

SEC. 219. DESIGNATION OF DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE SENIOR OFFICIAL WITH 
                    PRINCIPAL RESPONSIBILITY FOR DIRECTED ENERGY 
                    WEAPONS.

    (a) Designation of Senior Official.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than 180 days after the 
        date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of 
        Defense shall designate a senior official already 
        serving within the Department of Defense as the 
        official with principal responsibility for the 
        development and demonstration of directed energy 
        weapons for the Department.
            (2) Development of strategic plan.--
                    (A) In general.--The senior official 
                designated under paragraph (1) shall develop a 
                detailed strategic plan to develop, mature, and 
                transition directed energy technologies to 
                acquisition programs of record.
                    (B) Roadmap.--Such strategic plan shall 
                include a strategic roadmap for the development 
                and fielding of directed energy weapons and key 
                enabling capabilities for the Department, 
                identifying and coordinating efforts across 
                military departments to achieve overall joint 
                mission effectiveness.
            (3) Acceleration of development and fielding of 
        directed energy weapons capabilities.--
                    (A) In general.--To the degree practicable, 
                the senior official designated under paragraph 
                (1) shall use the flexibility of the policies 
                of the Department in effect on the day before 
                the date of the enactment of this Act, or any 
                successor policies, to accelerate the 
                development and fielding of directed energy 
                capabilities.
                    (B) Engagement.--The Secretary shall use 
                the flexibility of the policies of the 
                Department in effect on the day before the date 
                of the enactment of this Act, or any successor 
                policies, to ensure engagement with defense and 
                private industries, research universities, and 
                unaffiliated, nonprofit research institutions.
            (4) Advice for exercises and demonstrations.--The 
        senior official designated under paragraph (1) shall, 
        to the degree practicable, provide technical advice and 
        support to entities in the Department of Defense and 
        the military departments conducting exercises or 
        demonstrations with the purpose of improving the 
        capabilities of or operational viability of technical 
        capabilities supporting directed energy weapons, 
        including supporting military utility assessments of 
        the relevant cost and benefits of directed energy 
        weapon systems.
            (5) Support for development of requirements.--The 
        senior official designated under paragraph (1) shall 
        coordinate with the military departments, Defense 
        Agencies, and the Joint Directed Energy Transition 
        Office to define requirements for directed energy 
        capabilities that address the highest priority 
        warfighting capability gaps of the Department.
            (6) Availability of information.--The Secretary of 
        Defense shall ensure that the senior official 
        designated under paragraph (1) has access to such 
        information on programs and activities of the military 
        departments and other defense agencies as the Secretary 
        considers appropriate to coordinate departmental 
        directed energy efforts.
    (b) Joint Directed Energy Transition Office.--
            (1) Redesignation.--The High Energy Laser Joint 
        Technology Office of the Department of Defense is 
        hereby redesignated as the ``Joint Directed Energy 
        Transition Office'' (in this subsection referred to as 
        the ``Office''), and shall report to the official 
        designated under subsection (a)(1).
            (2) Additional functions.--In addition to the 
        functions and duties of the Office in effect on the day 
        before the date of the enactment of this Act, the 
        Office shall assist the senior official designated 
        under paragraph (1) of subsection (a) in carrying out 
        paragraphs (2) through (5) of such subsection.
            (3) Funding.--The Secretary may make available such 
        funds to the Office for basic research, applied 
        research, advanced technology development, prototyping, 
        studies and analyses, and organizational support as the 
        Secretary considers appropriate to support the 
        efficient and effective development of directed energy 
        systems and technologies and transition of those 
        systems and technologies into acquisition programs or 
        operational use.

SEC. 220. RESTRUCTURING OF THE DISTRIBUTED COMMON GROUND SYSTEM OF THE 
                    ARMY.

    (a) In General.--Not later that April 1, 2017, the 
Secretary of the Army shall restructure versions of the 
distributed common ground system of the Army after Increment 
1--
            (1) by discontinuing development of new software 
        code, excluding the configuration and testing of system 
        interfaces to commercial, open source, and existing 
        Government off the shelf (GOTS) software, of any 
        component of the system for which there is commercial, 
        open source, or Government off the shelf software that 
        is capable of fulfilling at least 80 percent of the 
        system requirements applicable to such component; and
            (2) by conducting a review of the acquisition 
        strategy of the program to ensure that procurement of 
        commercial software is the preferred method of meeting 
        program requirements for major system components.
    (b) Limitation.--The Secretary of the Army shall not award 
any contract for the development of new component software 
capability for the distributed common ground system of the Army 
if such a capability is already a commercial item or open 
source, except for configuration of capabilities that are 
incidental to and necessary for the proper functioning of the 
system.
    (c) Report Required.--
            (1) Requirement.--Not later than March 1, 2018, the 
        Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, Technology 
        and Logistics, in consultation with the Director, 
        Operational Test and Evaluation, shall submit to the 
        congressional defense committees a report on the 
        Increment 2 of the distributed common ground system of 
        the Army.
            (2) Elements of report.--The report required by 
        paragraph (1) shall include, at a minimum, the 
        following:
                    (A) The overall assessment of the system 
                and each individual major component of the 
                system.
                    (B) The status of alignment with the 
                Intelligence Community Information Technology 
                Enterprise (IC-ITE).
                    (C) The ease of use of Increment 2 as 
                compared with Increment 1 for operators in 
                deployed environments.
                    (D) The extent to which a common, 
                synchronized view of all system data is 
                globally available to all system users, at all 
                times.
                    (E) The level of maturity of the 
                technologies underlying core system components 
                and application programming interfaces.
                    (F) The extent to which program operators 
                can move data seamlessly between different 
                components of the system.

SEC. 221. LIMITATION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR THE COUNTERING 
                    WEAPONS OF MASS DESTRUCTION SYSTEM CONSTELLATION.

    (a) Limitation.--Not more than 50 percent of the funds 
authorized to be appropriated by this Act or otherwise made 
available for fiscal year 2017 for the countering weapons of 
mass destruction situational awareness information system 
commonly known as ``Constellation'' may be obligated or 
expended for research, development, or prototyping for such 
system until the report required by subsection (b)(4) has been 
delivered to the congressional defense committees.
    (b) Independent Review and Assessment.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
        provide for an independent review and assessment of the 
        requirements and implementation for research, 
        development, and prototyping for the Constellation 
        system prior to a Milestone A decision or other 
        operational use.
            (2) Elements of independent review.--The 
        independent review provided for under paragraph (1) 
        shall include the following:
                    (A) A review of the major software 
                components of the system and an explanation of 
                the requirements of the Department of Defense 
                with respect to each such component.
                    (B) A review of the requirements validated 
                in the Information System Initial Capabilities 
                Document (ISICD) and capability gaps identified 
                for duplication and redundancy with other 
                validated information technology requirements 
                and capability gaps.
                    (C) Identification of elements and 
                applications of the system that cannot be 
                implemented using the existing technical 
                infrastructure and tools of the Department of 
                Defense or the infrastructure and tools in 
                development.
                    (D) An overview of a security plan to 
                achieve an accredited cross-domain solution 
                system, including security milestones and 
                proposed security architecture to mitigate both 
                insider and outsider threats.
                    (E) Identification of the planned 
                categories of end-users of the system, linked 
                to organizations, mission requirements, and 
                concept of operations, the expected total 
                number of end-users, and the associated 
                permissions granted to such users.
            (3) Entity conducting independent review and 
        assessment.--The Secretary shall ensure that--
                    (A) the independent review and assessment 
                provided for under paragraph (1) is conducted 
                by a federally funded research and development 
                center selected (or entered into an arrangement 
                with) by the Secretary or such other entity as 
                the Secretary considers appropriate; and
                    (B) such center or entity provides periodic 
                updates to the congressional defense committees 
                on such independent review and assessment prior 
                to the completion of the independent review and 
                assessment.
            (4) Report on independent review and assessment.--
        The Secretary shall submit to the congressional defense 
        committees a report containing--
                    (A) the findings of the center or entity 
                selected (or entered into an arrangement with) 
                under paragraph (3)(A) with respect to the 
                independent review and assessment conducted by 
                such center or entity pursuant to such 
                paragraph; and
                    (B) an assessment of the need to continue 
                Constellation research, development, and 
                prototyping.

SEC. 222. LIMITATION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR DEFENSE INNOVATION 
                    UNIT EXPERIMENTAL.

    (a) Limitation.--
            (1) Operation and maintenance.--Of the funds 
        specified in subsection (c)(1), not more than 75 
        percent may be obligated or expended until the date on 
        which the Secretary of Defense submits to the 
        congressional defense committees the report under 
        subsection (b).
            (2) Research, development, test, and evaluation.--
        Of the funds specified in subsection (c)(2), not more 
        than 25 percent may be obligated or expended until the 
        date on which the Secretary submits to the 
        congressional defense committees the report under 
        subsection (b).
    (b) Report Required.--The Secretary of Defense shall submit 
to the congressional defense committees a report on the Defense 
Innovation Unit Experimental. Such report shall include the 
following:
            (1) The charter and mission statement of the Unit.
            (2) A description of--
                    (A) the management and operations of the 
                Unit, including--
                            (i) the governance structure of the 
                        Unit;
                            (ii) the process for coordinating 
                        and deconflicting the activities of the 
                        Unit with similar activities of the 
                        Small Business Innovation Research 
                        Program, military departments, Defense 
                        Agencies, and other departments and 
                        agencies of the Federal Government, 
                        including activities carried out by In-
                        Q-Tel, the Defense Advanced Research 
                        Projects Agency, and Department of 
                        Defense laboratories;
                            (iii) the direct staffing 
                        requirements of the Unit, including a 
                        description of the desired skills and 
                        expertise of such staff at each 
                        location;
                            (iv) the number of civilian and 
                        military personnel provided by the 
                        military departments and Defense 
                        Agencies to support the Unit; and
                            (v) any planned expansion to new 
                        sites, the metrics used to identify 
                        such sites, and an explanation of how 
                        such expansion will provide access to 
                        innovations of nontraditional defense 
                        contractors (as such term is defined in 
                        section 2302 of title 10, United States 
                        Code) that are not otherwise 
                        accessible; and
                    (B) policies and practices that will enable 
                the Unit to best support Department of Defense 
                missions, including--
                            (i) the metrics used to measure the 
                        effectiveness of the Unit;
                            (ii) how compliance with Department 
                        of Defense or Federal Government 
                        requirements could affect the ability 
                        of nontraditional defense contractors 
                        (as such term is defined in section 
                        2302 of title 10, United States Code) 
                        to market products and obtain funding;
                            (iii) how to treat intellectual 
                        property that has been developed with 
                        little or no government funding;
                            (iv) detailed justification for the 
                        expansion of the mission of the Unit, 
                        including authority to use research and 
                        development agreements, contracts, and 
                        merit-based prize competitions to 
                        explore emerging technologies and 
                        additional physical locations;
                            (v) a description of how existing 
                        Department of Defense agencies, 
                        services, entities, and other elements 
                        are authorized to better use 
                        streamlined acquisition procedures, 
                        research and development agreements, 
                        contracts, and merit-based prize 
                        competitions to explore emerging 
                        technologies, including modification of 
                        guidance and procedures to permit 
                        effective and streamlined 
                        implementation of authorities provided 
                        by Congress for rapid execution;
                            (vi) an account of the successes 
                        and failures of contracts already 
                        awarded by the unit;
                            (vii) recommendations on practices, 
                        policies, and authorities that will 
                        permit increased public-private 
                        partnership in financing and funding of 
                        research and technology development 
                        efforts; and
                            (viii) a description of technology 
                        transition strategies to ensure that 
                        research and technology programs funded 
                        by the Unit will be effectively and 
                        efficiently transitioned into 
                        operational use or acquisition 
                        programs, including a description of 
                        the role of Defense laboratories in 
                        such technology transition efforts.
            (3) Any other information the Secretary determines 
        to be appropriate.
    (c) Funds Specified.--The funds specified in this 
subsection are as follows:
            (1) Funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act 
        or otherwise made available for fiscal year 2017 for 
        operation and maintenance, Defense-wide, for the 
        Defense Innovation Unit Experimental.
            (2) Funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act 
        or otherwise made available for fiscal year 2017 for 
        research, development, test, and evaluation, Defense-
        wide, for the Defense Innovation Unit Experimental.

SEC. 223. LIMITATION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR JOINT SURVEILLANCE 
                    TARGET ATTACK RADAR SYSTEM (JSTARS) 
                    RECAPITALIZATION PROGRAM.

    (a) In General.--Except as provided in subsection (b), none 
of the funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act or 
otherwise made available for fiscal year 2017 or any other 
fiscal year for the Air Force may be made available for the Air 
Force's Joint Surveillance Target Attack Radar System (JSTARS) 
recapitalization program unless the contract for engineering 
and manufacturing development uses a firm fixed-price contract 
structure.
    (b) National Security Waiver Authority.--The Secretary of 
Defense may waive the limitation in subsection (a) if the 
Secretary determines that such a waiver is in the national 
security interests of the United States.

SEC. 224. ACQUISITION PROGRAM BASELINE AND ANNUAL REPORTS ON FOLLOW-ON 
                    MODERNIZATION PROGRAM FOR F-35 JOINT STRIKE 
                    FIGHTER.

    (a) Limitation.--The Secretary of Defense may not award any 
follow-on modernization development contracts for the F-35 
Joint Strike Fighter until the Secretary has submitted the 
report required by subsection (b)(1) in accordance with such 
subsection.
    (b) Acquisition Program Baseline.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than March 31, 2017, the 
        Secretary of Defense shall submit to the congressional 
        defense committees a report that contains the basic 
        elements of an acquisition program baseline for Block 4 
        Modernization.
            (2) Elements.--The report required by paragraph (1) 
        shall include the following:
                    (A) Cost estimates for development, 
                production, and modification.
                    (B) Projected key schedule dates, including 
                dates for the completion of--
                            (i) a capabilities development 
                        document;
                            (ii) an independent cost estimate;
                            (iii) an initial preliminary design 
                        review;
                            (iv) a development contract award; 
                        and
                            (v) a critical design review.
                    (C) Technical performance parameters.
                    (D) Technology readiness levels.
                    (E) Annual funding profiles for development 
                and procurement.
    (c) Review by Comptroller General of the United States.--
Not later than 60 days after the date on which the report 
required by subsection (b)(1) is submitted to the congressional 
defense committees in accordance with such subsection, the 
Comptroller General of the United States shall--
            (1) review such report; and
            (2) brief the congressional defense committees on 
        the findings of the Comptroller General with respect to 
        such review.
    (d) Annual Reports by Secretary of Defense.--Not later than 
one year after the date on which the Secretary awards a 
development contract for follow-on modernization of the F-35 
Joint Strike Fighter and not less frequently than once each 
year thereafter until March 31, 2023, the Secretary shall 
submit to the congressional defense committees a report on the 
cost, schedule, and performance progress against the baseline 
set forth in the report submitted pursuant to subsection 
(b)(1).

                 Subtitle C--Reports and Other Matters

SEC. 231. STRATEGY FOR ASSURED ACCESS TO TRUSTED MICROELECTRONICS.

    (a) Strategy.--The Secretary of Defense shall develop a 
strategy to ensure that the Department of Defense has assured 
access to trusted microelectronics by not later than September 
30, 2019.
    (b) Elements.--The strategy under subsection (a) shall 
include the following:
            (1) Definitions of the various levels of trust 
        required by classes of Department of Defense systems.
            (2) Means of classifying systems of the Department 
        of Defense based on the level of trust such systems are 
        required to maintain with respect to microelectronics.
            (3) Means by which trust in microelectronics can be 
        assured.
            (4) Means to increase the supplier base for assured 
        microelectronics to ensure multiple supply pathways.
            (5) An assessment of the microelectronics needs of 
        the Department of Defense in future years, including 
        the need for trusted, radiation-hardened 
        microelectronics.
            (6) An assessment of the microelectronic needs of 
        the Department of Defense that may not be fulfilled by 
        entities outside the Department of Defense.
            (7) The resources required to assure access to 
        trusted microelectronics, including infrastructure, 
        workforce, and investments in science and technology.
            (8) A research and development strategy to ensure 
        that the Department of Defense can, to the maximum 
        extent practicable, use state of the art commercial 
        microelectronics capabilities or their equivalent, 
        while satisfying the needs for trust.
            (9) Recommendations for changes in authorities, 
        regulations, and practices, including acquisition 
        policies, financial management, public-private 
        partnership policies, or in any other relevant areas, 
        that would support the achievement of the goals of the 
        strategy.
    (c) Submission and Updates.--(1) Not later than one year 
after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary 
shall submit to the congressional defense committees the 
strategy developed under subsection (a). The strategy shall be 
submitted in unclassified form, but may include a classified 
annex.
    (2) Not later than two years after submitting the strategy 
under paragraph (1) and not less frequently than once every two 
years thereafter until September 30, 2024, the Secretary shall 
update the strategy as the Secretary considers appropriate to 
support Department of Defense missions.
    (d) Directive Required.--Not later than September 30, 2019, 
the Secretary of Defense shall issue a directive for the 
Department of Defense describing how Department of Defense 
entities may access assured and trusted microelectronics supply 
chains for Department of Defense systems.
    (e) Report and Certification.--Not later than September 30, 
2020, the Secretary of the Defense shall submit to the 
congressional defense committees--
            (1) a report on--
                    (A) the status of the implementation of the 
                strategy developed under subsection (a);
                    (B) the actions being taken to achieve full 
                implementation of such strategy, and a timeline 
                for such implementation; and
                    (C) the status of the implementation of the 
                directive required by subsection (d); and
            (2) a certification of whether the Department of 
        Defense has an assured means for accessing a sufficient 
        supply of trusted microelectronics, as required by the 
        strategy developed under subsection (a).
    (f) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) The term ``assured'' refers, with respect to 
        microelectronics, to the ability of the Department of 
        Defense to guarantee availability of microelectronics 
        parts at the necessary volumes and with the performance 
        characteristics required to meet the needs of the 
        Department of Defense.
            (2) The terms ``trust'' and ``trusted'' refer, with 
        respect to microelectronics, to the ability of the 
        Department of Defense to have confidence that the 
        microelectronics function as intended and are free of 
        exploitable vulnerabilities, either intentionally or 
        unintentionally designed or inserted as part of the 
        system at any time during its life cycle.

SEC. 232. PILOT PROGRAM ON EVALUATION OF COMMERCIAL INFORMATION 
                    TECHNOLOGY.

    (a) Pilot Program.--The Director of the Defense Information 
Systems Agency may carry out a pilot program to evaluate 
commercially available information technology tools to better 
understand the potential impact of such tools on networks and 
computing environments of the Department of Defense.
    (b) Activities.--Activities under the pilot program may 
include the following:
            (1) Prototyping, experimentation, operational 
        demonstration, military user assessments, and other 
        means of obtaining quantitative and qualitative 
        feedback on the commercial information technology 
        products.
            (2) Engagement with the commercial information 
        technology industry to--
                    (A) forecast military requirements and 
                technology needs; and
                    (B) support the development of market 
                strategies and program requirements before 
                finalizing acquisition decisions and 
                strategies.
            (3) Assessment of novel or innovative commercial 
        technology for use by the Department of Defense.
            (4) Assessment of novel or innovative contracting 
        mechanisms to speed delivery of capabilities to the 
        Armed Forces.
            (5) Solicitation of operational user input to shape 
        future information technology requirements of the 
        Department of Defense.
    (c) Limitation on Availability of Funds.--Of the amounts 
authorized to be appropriated for research, development, test, 
and evaluation, Defense-wide, for each of fiscal years 2017 
through 2022, not more than $15,000,000 may be expended on the 
pilot program in any such fiscal year.

SEC. 233. PILOT PROGRAM FOR THE ENHANCEMENT OF THE RESEARCH, 
                    DEVELOPMENT, TEST, AND EVALUATION CENTERS OF THE 
                    DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE.

    (a) Pilot Program Required.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense and the 
        secretaries of the military departments shall jointly 
        carry out a pilot program to demonstrate methods for 
        the more effective development of technology and 
        management of functions at eligible centers.
            (2) Eligible centers.--For purposes of the pilot 
        program, the eligible centers are--
                    (A) the science and technology reinvention 
                laboratories, as specified in section 1105(a) 
                of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
                Fiscal Year 2010 (10 U.S.C. 2358 note);
                    (B) the test and evaluation centers which 
                are activities specified as part of the Major 
                Range and Test Facility Base in Department of 
                Defense Directive 3200.11; and
                    (C) the Defense Advanced Research Projects 
                Agency.
    (b) Selection.--
            (1) In general.--The secretaries described in 
        subsection (a) shall ensure that participation in the 
        pilot program includes--
                    (A) the Defense Advanced Research Projects 
                Agency; and
                    (B) in accordance with paragraph (2)--
                            (i) five additional eligible 
                        centers described in subparagraph (A) 
                        of subsection (a)(2) from each of the 
                        military departments; and
                            (ii) five additional eligible 
                        centers described in subparagraph (B) 
                        of such subsection from each of the 
                        military departments.
            (2) Selection procedures.--(A) The head of an 
        eligible center described in subparagraph (A) or (B) of 
        subsection (a)(2) seeking to participate in the pilot 
        program shall submit to the appropriate reviewer an 
        application therefor at such time, in such manner, and 
        containing such information as the appropriate reviewer 
        shall specify.
            (B) Not later than 120 days after the date of the 
        enactment of this Act, each appropriate reviewer 
        shall--
                    (i) evaluate each application received 
                under subparagraph (A); and
                    (ii) approve or disapprove of the 
                application.
            (C) If the head of an eligible center submits an 
        application under subparagraph (A) in accordance with 
        the requirements specified by the appropriate reviewer 
        for purposes of such subparagraph and the appropriate 
        reviewer neither approves nor disapproves such 
        application pursuant to subparagraph (B)(ii) on or 
        before the date that is 120 days after the date of the 
        enactment of this Act, such eligible center shall be 
        considered a participant in the pilot program.
            (D) For purposes of this paragraph, the appropriate 
        reviewer is--
                    (i) in the case of an eligible center 
                described in subparagraph (A) of subsection 
                (a)(2), the Laboratory Quality Enhancement 
                Program; and
                    (ii) in the case of an eligible center 
                described in subparagraph (B) of such 
                subsection, the Director of the Test Resource 
                Management Center.
    (c) Participation in Program.--
            (1) In general.--Subject to paragraph (2), the head 
        of each eligible center selected under subsection 
        (b)(1) shall propose and implement alternative and 
        innovative methods of effective management and 
        operations of eligible centers, rapid project delivery, 
        support, experimentation, prototyping, and partnership 
        with universities and private sector entities to--
                    (A) generate greater value and efficiencies 
                in research and development activities;
                    (B) enable more efficient and effective 
                operations of supporting activities, such as--
                            (i) facility management, 
                        construction, and repair;
                            (ii) business operations;
                            (iii) personnel management policies 
                        and practices; and
                            (iv) intramural and public 
                        outreach; and
                    (C) enable more rapid deployment of 
                warfighter capabilities.
            (2) Implementation.--(A) The head of an eligible 
        center described in subparagraph (A) or (B) of 
        subsection (a)(2) shall implement each method proposed 
        under paragraph (1) unless such method is disapproved 
        in writing by the Assistant Secretary concerned within 
        60 days of receiving a proposal from an eligible center 
        selected under subsection (b)(1) by such Assistant 
        Secretary.
            (B) The Director of the Defense Advanced Research 
        Projects Agency shall implement each method proposed 
        under paragraph (1) unless such method is disapproved 
        in writing by the Chief Management Officer within 60 
        days of receiving a proposal from the Director.
            (C) In this paragraph, the term ``Assistant 
        Secretary concerned'' means--
                    (i) the Assistant Secretary of the Air 
                Force for Acquisition, with respect to matters 
                concerning the Air Force;
                    (ii) the Assistant Secretary of the Army 
                for Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics, 
                with respect to matters concerning the Army; 
                and
                    (iii) the Assistant Secretary of the Navy 
                for Research, Development, and Acquisition, 
                with respect to matters concerning the Navy.
    (d) Waiver Authority for Demonstration and 
Implementation.--Until the termination of the pilot program 
under subsection (e), the head of an eligible center selected 
under subsection (b)(1) may waive any regulation, restriction, 
requirement, guidance, policy, procedure, or departmental 
instruction that would affect the implementation of a method 
proposed under subsection (c)(1), unless such implementation 
would be prohibited by a provision of a Federal statute or 
common law.
    (e) Termination.--The pilot program shall terminate on 
September 30, 2022.
    (f) Report.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than one year after the 
        date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of 
        Defense shall submit to the congressional defense 
        committees a report on the pilot program.
            (2) Contents.--The report required by paragraph (1) 
        shall include the following:
                    (A) Identification of the eligible centers 
                participating in the pilot program.
                    (B) Identification of the eligible centers 
                whose applications to participate in the pilot 
                program were disapproved under subsection (b), 
                including justifications for such disapprovals.
                    (C) A description of the methods 
                implemented pursuant to subsection (c).
                    (D) A description of the methods that were 
                proposed pursuant to paragraph (1) of 
                subsection (c) but disapproved under paragraph 
                (2) of such subsection.
                    (E) An assessment of how methods 
                implemented pursuant to subsection (c) have 
                contributed to the objectives identified in 
                subparagraphs (A), (B), and (C) of paragraph 
                (1) of such subsection.

SEC. 234. PILOT PROGRAM ON MODERNIZATION AND FIELDING OF 
                    ELECTROMAGNETIC SPECTRUM WARFARE SYSTEMS AND 
                    ELECTRONIC WARFARE CAPABILITIES.

    (a) Pilot Program.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense may carry 
        out a pilot program on the modernization and fielding 
        of electromagnetic spectrum warfare systems and 
        electronic warfare systems.
            (2) Selection.--If the Secretary carries out the 
        pilot program under paragraph (1), the Electronic 
        Warfare Executive Committee shall select from the list 
        described in section 240(b)(4) a total of 10 
        electromagnetic spectrum warfare systems and electronic 
        warfare systems across at least two military 
        departments for modernization and fielding under the 
        pilot program.
    (b) Termination.--The pilot program authorized by 
subsection (a) shall terminate on September 30, 2023.
    (c) Funding.--For the purposes of this pilot program, funds 
authorized to be appropriated for electromagnetic spectrum 
warfare and electronic warfare may be used for the development 
and fielding of electromagnetic spectrum warfare systems and 
electronic warfare capabilities.
    (d) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) The term ``electromagnetic spectrum warfare'' 
        means electronic warfare that encompasses military 
        communications and sensing operations that occur in the 
        electromagnetic operational domain.
            (2) The term ``electronic warfare'' means military 
        action involving the use of electromagnetic and 
        directed energy to control the electromagnetic spectrum 
        or to attack the enemy.

SEC. 235. PILOT PROGRAM ON DISCLOSURE OF CERTAIN SENSITIVE INFORMATION 
                    TO FEDERALLY FUNDED RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT 
                    CENTERS.

    (a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense shall carry out a 
pilot program on--
            (1) permitting officers and employees of the 
        Department of Defense to disclose sensitive information 
        to federally funded research and development centers of 
        the Department for the sole purpose of the performance 
        of administrative, technical, or professional services 
        under and within the scope of the contracts with the 
        parent organizations of such federally funded research 
        and development centers; and
            (2) appropriately protecting proprietary 
        information from unauthorized disclosure or use by such 
        centers.
    (b) FFRDCs.--The pilot program shall be carried out with 
one or more federally funded research and development centers 
of the Department selected by the Secretary for participation 
in the pilot program.
    (c) FFRDC Personnel.--Sensitive information may be 
disclosed to personnel of a federally funded research and 
development center under the pilot program only if such 
personnel and contractors agree to be subject to, and comply 
with, appropriate ethics standards and requirements applicable 
to Government personnel, including the Ethics in Government Act 
of 1978, section 1905 of title 18, United States Code, and 
chapter 21 of title 41, United States Code.
    (d) Conditions on Disclosure.--Sensitive information may be 
disclosed under the pilot program only if the federally funded 
research and development center concerned and its parent 
organization agree to and acknowledge in the parent 
organization's contract with the Department of Defense that--
            (1) sensitive information furnished to the 
        federally funded research and development center will 
        be accessed and used only for the purposes stated in 
        the contract between the parent organization of the 
        federally funded research and development center and 
        the Department of Defense;
            (2) the federally funded research and development 
        center will take all precautions necessary to prevent 
        disclosure of the sensitive information furnished to 
        anyone not authorized access to the information in 
        order to perform the applicable contract;
            (3) sensitive information furnished under the pilot 
        program shall not be used by the federally funded 
        research and development center or parent organization 
        to compete against a third party for a Government or 
        non-Government contract or funding, or to support other 
        current or future research or technology development 
        activities performed by the federally funded research 
        and development center; and
            (4) any personnel of a federally funded research 
        and development center participating in the pilot 
        program may not disclose or use any trade secrets or 
        any nonpublic information accessed under the pilot 
        program, unless specifically authorized by this 
        section.
    (e) Duration.--(1) The pilot program may commence at any 
time after the review and issuance of policy guidance, updated 
appropriately, pertaining to the identification, mitigation, 
and prevention of potentially unfair competitive advantage 
conferred to federally funded research and development center 
personnel with access to sensitive information who serve as 
technical advisors to acquisition programs.
    (2) The pilot program shall terminate on the date that is 
three years after the date of the commencement of the pilot 
program.
    (f) Assessment.--Not later than two years after the 
commencement of the pilot program, the Comptroller General of 
the United States shall submit to the Committees on Armed 
Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives a 
report on the pilot program, including an assessment of the 
effectiveness of activities under the pilot program in 
improving acquisition processes and the effectiveness of 
protections of private-sector intellectual property in the 
course of such activities.
    (g) Sensitive Information Defined.--In this section, the 
term ``sensitive information'' means confidential commercial, 
financial, or proprietary information, technical data, contract 
performance, contract performance evaluation, management, and 
administration data, or other privileged information owned by 
other contractors of the Department of Defense that is exempt 
from public disclosure under section 552(b)(4) of title 5, 
United States Code, or which would otherwise be prohibited from 
disclosure under section 1832 or 1905 of title 18, United 
States Code.

SEC. 236. PILOT PROGRAM ON ENHANCED INTERACTION BETWEEN THE DEFENSE 
                    ADVANCED RESEARCH PROJECTS AGENCY AND THE SERVICE 
                    ACADEMIES.

    (a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense, acting through 
the Director of the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency, 
shall carry out a pilot program to enhance interaction between 
the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency and the service 
academies to promote technology transition, education, and 
training in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics 
fields that are relevant to the Department of Defense.
    (b) Awards of Funds.--(1) In carrying out the pilot 
program, the Secretary, acting through the Director, shall 
provide funds to contractors and grantees of the Defense 
Advanced Research Projects Agency in order to encourage such 
contractors and grantees to develop research partnerships with 
the service academies to support more efficient and effective 
technology transition of research programs and products.
    (2) It shall be the responsibility of the Director to 
ensure that such funds are used effectively and that sufficient 
efforts are made to build appropriate partnerships.
    (c) Service Academy Technology Transition Networks.--In 
carrying out the pilot program, the Director shall prioritize 
the leveraging of--
            (1) the technology transition networks that service 
        academies maintain among their academic departments and 
        resident research centers; and
            (2) partnerships with Department of Defense 
        laboratories, other Federal degree granting 
        institutions, academia, and industry.
    (d) Termination.--The authority to carry out the pilot 
program shall terminate on September 30, 2020.
    (e) Service Academies Defined.--In this section, the term 
``service academies'' means the following:
            (1) The United States Military Academy.
            (2) The United States Naval Academy.
            (3) Th United States Air Force Academy.
            (4) The United States Coast Guard Academy.
            (5) The United States Merchant Marine Academy.

SEC. 237. INDEPENDENT REVIEW OF F/A-18 PHYSIOLOGICAL EPISODES AND 
                    CORRECTIVE ACTIONS.

    (a) Independent Review Required.--The Secretary of the Navy 
shall conduct an independent review of the plans, programs, and 
research of the Department of the Navy with respect to--
            (1) physiological events affecting aircrew of the 
        F/A-18 Hornet and the F/A-18 Super Hornet aircraft 
        during the covered period; and
            (2) the efforts of the Navy and Marine Corps to 
        prevent and mitigate the affects of such physiological 
        events.
    (b) Conduct of Review.--In conducting the review under 
subsection (a), the Secretary of the Navy shall--
            (1) designate an appropriate senior official in the 
        Office of the Secretary of the Navy to oversee the 
        review; and
            (2) consult experts from outside the Department of 
        Defense in appropriate technical and medical fields.
    (c) Review Elements.--The review under subsection (a) shall 
include an evaluation of--
            (1) any data of the Department of the Navy relating 
        to the increased frequency of physiological events 
        affecting aircrew of the F/A-18 Hornet and the F/A-18 
        Super Hornet aircraft during the covered period;
            (2) aircraft mishaps potentially related to such 
        physiological events;
            (3) the cost and effectiveness of all material, 
        operational, maintenance, and other measures carried 
        out by the Department of the Navy to mitigate such 
        physiological events during the covered period;
            (4) material, operational, maintenance, or other 
        measures that may reduce the rate of such physiological 
        events in the future; and
            (5) the performance of--
                    (A) the onboard oxygen generation system in 
                the F/A-18 Super Hornet;
                    (B) the overall environmental control 
                system in the F/A-18 Hornet and F/A-18 Super 
                Hornet; and
                    (C) other relevant subsystems of the F/A-18 
                Hornet and F/A-18 Super Hornet, as determined 
                by the Secretary.
    (d) Report Required.--Not later than December 1, 2017, the 
Secretary of Navy shall submit to the congressional defense 
committees a report that includes the results of the review 
under subsection (a).
    (e) Covered Period.--In this section, the term ``covered 
period'' means the period beginning on January 1, 2009, and 
ending on the date of the submission of the report under 
subsection (d).

SEC. 238. B-21 BOMBER DEVELOPMENT PROGRAM ACCOUNTABILITY MATRICES.

    (a) Submittal of Matrices.--Concurrent with the President's 
annual budget request submitted to Congress under section 1105 
of title 31, United States Code, for fiscal year 2018, the 
Secretary of the Air Forces shall submit to the congressional 
defense committees and the Comptroller General of the United 
States the matrices described in subsection (b) relating to the 
B-21 bomber aircraft program.
    (b) Matrices Described.--The matrices described in this 
subsection are the following:
            (1) EMD goals.--A matrix that identifies, in six 
        month increments, key milestones, development events, 
        and specific performance goals for the EMD phase of the 
        B-21 bomber aircraft program, which shall be 
        subdivided, at a minimum, according to the following:
                    (A) Technology readiness levels of major 
                components and key demonstration events.
                    (B) Design maturity.
                    (C) Software maturity.
                    (D) Manufacturing readiness levels for 
                critical manufacturing operations and key 
                demonstration events.
                    (E) Manufacturing operations.
                    (F) System verification and key flight test 
                events.
                    (G) Reliability.
            (2) Cost.--A matrix expressing, in six month 
        increments, the total cost for the Air Force service 
        cost position for the EMD phase and low initial rate of 
        production lots of the B-21 bomber aircraft and a 
        matrix expressing the total cost for the prime 
        contractor's estimate for such EMD phase and production 
        lots, both of which shall be phased over the entire EMD 
        period and subdivided according to the costs of the 
        following:
                    (A) Air vehicle.
                    (B) Propulsion.
                    (C) Mission systems.
                    (D) Vehicle subsystems.
                    (E) Air vehicle software.
                    (F) Systems engineering.
                    (G) Program management.
                    (H) System test and evaluation.
                    (I) Support and training systems.
                    (J) Contract fee.
                    (K) Engineering changes.
                    (L) Direct mission support, including 
                Congressional General Reductions.
                    (M) Government testing.
    (c) Semiannual Update of Matrices.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than 180 days after the 
        date on which the Secretary of the Air Force submits 
        the matrices required by subsection (a), concurrent 
        with the submittal of each annual budget request to 
        Congress under section 1105 of title 31, United States 
        Code, thereafter, and not later than 180 days after 
        each such submittal, the Secretary of the Air Force 
        shall submit to the congressional defense committees 
        and the Comptroller General of the United States 
        updates to the matrices described in subsection (b).
            (2) Elements.--Each update submitted under 
        paragraph (1) shall detail progress made toward the 
        goals identified in the matrix described in subsection 
        (b)(1) and provide updated cost estimates.
            (3) Treatment of initial matrices as baseline.--The 
        matrices submitted pursuant to subsection (a) shall be 
        treated as the baseline for the full EMD phase and low 
        rate initial production of the B-21 bomber aircraft 
        program for purposes of the updates submitted pursuant 
        to paragraph (1) of this subsection.
    (d) Assessment by Comptroller General of the United 
States.--Not later than the date that is 45 days after the date 
on which the Comptroller General of the United States receives 
an update to a matrix under subsection (d)(1), the Comptroller 
General shall review the sufficiency of such matrix and submit 
to the congressional defense committees an assessment of such 
matrix, including by identifying cost, schedule, or performance 
trends.

SEC. 239. STUDY ON HELICOPTER CRASH PREVENTION AND MITIGATION 
                    TECHNOLOGY.

    (a) Study Required.--The Secretary of Defense shall seek to 
enter into a contract with a federally funded research and 
development center to conduct a study on technologies with the 
potential to prevent and mitigate helicopter crashes.
    (b) Elements.--The study required under subsection (a) 
shall include the following:
            (1) Identification of technologies with the 
        potential--
                    (A) to prevent helicopter crashes (such as 
                collision avoidance technologies and battle 
                space and terrain situational awareness 
                technologies); and
                    (B) to improve survivability among 
                individuals involved in such crashes (such as 
                adaptive flight control technologies and 
                improved energy absorbing technologies).
            (2) A cost-benefit analysis of each technology 
        identified under paragraph (1) that takes into account 
        the cost of developing and deploying the technology 
        compared to the potential of the technology to prevent 
        casualties or injuries.
            (3) A list that ranks the technologies identified 
        under paragraph (1) based on--
                    (A) the results of the cost-benefit 
                analysis under paragraph (2); and
                    (B) the readiness level of each technology.
            (4) An analysis of helicopter crashes that--
                    (A) compares the casualty rates of cockpit 
                occupants to the casualty rates of occupants of 
                cargo compartments and troop seats; and
                    (B) identifies the root causes of the 
                casualties described in subparagraph (A).
    (c) Briefing.--Not later than one year after the date of 
the enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall provide to the 
Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
Representatives (and the other congressional defense committees 
on request) a briefing that includes--
            (1) the results of the study required under 
        subsection (a); and
            (2) the list described in subsection (b)(3).

SEC. 240. STRATEGY FOR IMPROVING ELECTRONIC AND ELECTROMAGNETIC 
                    SPECTRUM WARFARE CAPABILITIES.

    (a) Strategy Required.--Not later than April 1, 2017, the 
Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, Technology and 
Logistics, acting through the Electronic Warfare Executive 
Committee, shall submit to the congressional defense committees 
a strategy on the electronic and electromagnetic spectrum 
warfare capabilities of the Department of Defense.
    (b) Elements.--The strategy required by subsection (a) 
shall include the following:
            (1) A strategy for advancing and accelerating 
        research, development, test, and evaluation, and 
        fielding, of electronic warfare capabilities to meet 
        current and projected requirements, including intra-
        service ground and air interoperabilities, as well as 
        recommendations for streamlining acquisition processes 
        with respect to such capabilities.
            (2) A methodology for synchronizing and overseeing 
        electronic warfare strategies, operational concepts, 
        and programs across the Department of Defense, 
        including electronic warfare programs that support or 
        enable cyber operations.
            (3) A description of the training and operational 
        support required for fielding and sustaining current 
        and planned investments in electronic warfare 
        capabilities, including the requirements for conducting 
        large-scale simulated exercises and training in 
        contested electronic warfare environments.
            (4) A comprehensive list of investments of the 
        Department of Defense in electronic warfare 
        capabilities, including the capabilities to be 
        developed, procured, or sustained in--
                    (A) the budget of the President for fiscal 
                year 2018 submitted to Congress under section 
                1105(a) of title 31, United States Code; and
                    (B) the future-years defense program 
                submitted to Congress under section 221 of 
                title 10, United States Code, for that fiscal 
                year.
            (5) A description of the threat environment for 
        electromagnetic spectrum for current and future warfare 
        needs.
            (6) An assessment of progress on increasing 
        interoperability between Services and Agencies, as well 
        as increasing application of innovative electromagnetic 
        spectrum warfighting methods and operational concepts 
        that provide advantages within the electromagnetic 
        spectrum operational domain.
            (7) Specific attributes needed in future electronic 
        and electromagnetic spectrum warfare capabilities, such 
        as networking, adaptability, agility, 
        multifunctionality, and miniaturization, and progress 
        toward incorporating such attributes in new electronic 
        warfare systems.
            (8) Capability gaps with respect to asymmetric and 
        near-peer adversaries identified pursuant to a 
        capability gap assessment.
            (9) A joint strategy on achieving near real-time 
        system adaption to rapidly advancing modern digital 
        electronics.
            (10) Any other information the Secretary determines 
        to be appropriate.
    (c) Form.--The strategy required by subsection (a) shall be 
submitted in unclassified form, but may include a classified 
annex.
    (d) Electronic Warfare Executive Committee Defined.--In 
this section the term ``Electronic Warfare Executive 
Committee'' means the committee established on March 17, 2015, 
and chartered on August 11, 2015, by the Deputy Secretary of 
Defense to serve as the principal forum within the Department 
of Defense to inform, coordinate, and evaluate electronic 
warfare matters to maintain a strong technological advantage in 
United States capabilities.

SEC. 241. SENSE OF CONGRESS ON DEVELOPMENT AND FIELDING OF FIFTH 
                    GENERATION AIRBORNE SYSTEMS.

    (a) Findings.--Congress makes the following findings:
            (1) The term ``fifth generation'', with respect to 
        airborne systems, means those airborne systems capable 
        of operating effectively in highly contested battle 
        spaces defined by the most capable currently fielded 
        threats, and those reasonably expected to be 
        operational in the foreseeable future.
            (2) Continued modernization of Department of 
        Defense airborne systems such as fighters, bombers, and 
        intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance (ISR) 
        aircraft with fifth generation capabilities is required 
        because--
                    (A) adversary integrated air defense 
                systems (IADS) have created regions where 
                fourth generation airborne systems may be 
                limited in their ability to effectively 
                operate;
                    (B) adversary aircraft, air-to-air 
                missiles, and airborne electronic attack or 
                electronic protection systems are advancing 
                beyond the capabilities of fourth generation 
                airborne systems; and
                    (C) fifth generation airborne systems 
                provide a wider variety of options for a given 
                warfighting challenge, preserve the 
                technological advantage of the United States 
                over near-peer threats, and serve as a force 
                multiplier by increasing situational awareness 
                and combat effectiveness of fourth generation 
                airborne systems.
    (b) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress that 
development and fielding of fifth generation airborne system 
systems should include the following:
            (1) Multispectral (radar, infrared, visual, 
        emissions) low observable (LO) design features, self-
        protection jamming, and other capabilities that 
        significantly delay or deny threat system detection, 
        tracking, and engagement.
            (2) Integrated avionics that autonomously fuse and 
        prioritize onboard multispectral sensors and offboard 
        information data to provide an accurate realtime 
        operating picture and data download for postmission 
        exploitation and analysis.
            (3) Resilient communications, navigation, and 
        identification techniques designed to effectively 
        counter adversary attempts to deny or confuse friendly 
        systems.
            (4) Robust and secure networks linking individual 
        platforms to create a common, accurate, and highly 
        integrated picture of the battle space for friendly 
        forces.
            (5) Advanced onboard diagnostics capable of 
        monitoring system health, accurately reporting system 
        faults, and increasing overall system performance and 
        reliability.
            (6) Integrated platform and subsystem designs to 
        maximize lethality and survivability while enabling 
        decision superiority.
            (7) Maximum consideration for the fielding of 
        unmanned platforms either employed in concert with 
        fifth generation manned platforms or as standalone 
        unmanned platforms, to increase warfighting 
        effectiveness and reduce risk to personnel during high 
        risk missions.
            (8) Advanced air-to-air, air-to-ground, and other 
        weapons able to leverage fifth generation capabilities.
            (9) Comprehensive and high-fidelity live, virtual, 
        and constructive training systems, updated range 
        infrastructure, and sufficient threat-representative 
        adversary training assets to maximize fifth generation 
        force proficiency, effectiveness, and readiness while 
        protecting sensitive capabilities.

                  TITLE III--OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE

               Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations

Sec. 301. Authorization of appropriations.

                   Subtitle B--Energy and Environment

Sec. 311. Modified reporting requirement related to installations energy 
          management.
Sec. 312. Waiver authority for alternative fuel procurement requirement.
Sec. 313. Utility data management for military facilities.
Sec. 314. Alternative technologies for munitions disposal.
Sec. 315. Report on efforts to reduce high energy costs at military 
          installations.
Sec. 316. Sense of Congress on funding decisions relating to climate 
          change.

                  Subtitle C--Logistics and Sustainment

Sec. 321. Revision of deployability rating system and planning reform.
Sec. 322. Revision of guidance relating to corrosion control and 
          prevention executives.
Sec. 323. Pilot program for inclusion of certain industrial plants in 
          the Armament Retooling and Manufacturing Support Initiative.
Sec. 324. Repair, recapitalization, and certification of dry docks at 
          naval shipyards.
Sec. 325. Private sector port loading assessment.
Sec. 326. Strategy on revitalizing Army organic industrial base.

                           Subtitle D--Reports

Sec. 331. Modifications to Quarterly Readiness Report to Congress.
Sec. 332. Report on average travel costs of members of the reserve 
          components.
Sec. 333. Report on HH-60G sustainment and Combat Rescue Helicopter 
          program.

                        Subtitle E--Other Matters

Sec. 341. Air navigation matters.
Sec. 342. Contract working dogs.
Sec. 343. Plan, funding documents, and management review relating to 
          explosive ordnance disposal.
Sec. 344. Process for communicating availability of surplus ammunition.
Sec. 345. Mitigation of risks posed by window coverings with accessible 
          cords in certain military housing units.
Sec. 346. Access to military installations by transportation companies.
Sec. 347. Access to wireless high-speed Internet and network connections 
          for certain members of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 348. Limitation on availability of funds for Office of the Under 
          Secretary of Defense for Intelligence.
Sec. 349. Limitation on development and fielding of new camouflage and 
          utility uniforms.
Sec. 350. Plan for improved dedicated adversary air training enterprise 
          of the Air Force.
Sec. 351. Independent review and assessment of the Ready Aircrew Program 
          of the Air Force.
Sec. 352. Study on space-available travel system of the Department of 
          Defense.
Sec. 353. Evaluation of motor carrier safety performance and safety 
          technology.

              Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations

SEC. 301. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

    Funds are hereby authorized to be appropriated for fiscal 
year 2017 for the use of the Armed Forces and other activities 
and agencies of the Department of Defense for expenses, not 
otherwise provided for, for operation and maintenance, as 
specified in the funding table in section 4301.

                   Subtitle B--Energy and Environment

SEC. 311. MODIFIED REPORTING REQUIREMENT RELATED TO INSTALLATIONS 
                    ENERGY MANAGEMENT.

    Subsection (a) of section 2925 of title 10, United States 
Code, is amended--
            (1) in the subsection heading, by inserting ``, 
        Resiliency, and Mission Assurance'' after ``Annual 
        Report Related to Installations Energy Management'';
            (2) by striking paragraphs (2), (3), (4), (5), (6), 
        (7), (8), and (10);
            (3) by redesignating paragraphs (9) and (11) as 
        paragraphs (3), and (4), respectively; and
            (4) by inserting after paragraph (1), the 
        following:
            ``(2) A description of the energy savings, return 
        on investment, and enhancements to installation mission 
        assurance realized by the fulfillment of the goals 
        described in paragraph (1).''.

SEC. 312. WAIVER AUTHORITY FOR ALTERNATIVE FUEL PROCUREMENT 
                    REQUIREMENT.

    (a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense may waive the 
requirement under section 526 of the Energy Independence and 
Security Act of 2007 (Public Law 110-140; 42 U.S.C. 17142) if 
the Secretary determines it is in the national security 
interest of the United States.
    (b) Notification Requirement.--The Secretary of Defense 
shall notify the congressional defense committees not later 
than 15 days after exercising the waiver authority under 
subsection (a).

SEC. 313. UTILITY DATA MANAGEMENT FOR MILITARY FACILITIES.

    (a) Pilot Program.--The Secretary of Defense, in 
consultation with the Secretary of Energy, may carry out a 
pilot program to investigate the use of utility data management 
services to perform utility bill aggregation, analysis, third-
party payment, storage, and distribution for the Department of 
Defense.
    (b) Use of Funds.--Of the funds authorized to be 
appropriated by this Act or otherwise made available for fiscal 
year 2017 for operation and maintenance, Navy, for enterprise 
information, not more than $250,000 may be obligated or 
expended to carry out the pilot program under subsection (a).

SEC. 314. ALTERNATIVE TECHNOLOGIES FOR MUNITIONS DISPOSAL.

    In carrying out the disposal of munitions in the stockpile 
of conventional munitions awaiting demilitarization and 
disposal, the Secretary of the Army may use cost-competitive 
technologies that minimize waste generation and air emissions 
as alternatives to disposal by open burning, open detonation, 
direct contact combustion, and incineration.

SEC. 315. REPORT ON EFFORTS TO REDUCE HIGH ENERGY COSTS AT MILITARY 
                    INSTALLATIONS.

    (a) Report.--
            (1) Report required.--Not later than 270 days after 
        the date of the enactment of this Act, the Under 
        Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and 
        Logistics, in conjunction with the assistant 
        secretaries responsible for installations and 
        environment for the military services and the Defense 
        Logistics Agency, shall submit to the congressional 
        defense committees a report detailing the efforts to 
        achieve cost savings at military installations with 
        high levels of energy intensity.
            (2) Elements.--The report required under paragraph 
        (1) shall include the following elements:
                    (A) A comprehensive, installation-specific 
                assessment of feasible and mission-appropriate 
                energy initiatives supporting energy production 
                and consumption at military installations with 
                high levels of energy intensity.
                    (B) An assessment of current sources of 
                energy in areas with high energy costs and 
                potential future sources that are 
                technologically feasible, cost-effective, and 
                mission-appropriate for military installations.
                    (C) A comprehensive implementation strategy 
                to include required investment for feasible 
                energy efficiency options determined to be the 
                most beneficial and cost-effective, where 
                appropriate, and consistent with Department of 
                Defense priorities.
                    (D) An explanation of how military services 
                are working collaboratively in order to 
                leverage lessons learned on potential energy 
                efficiency solutions.
                    (E) An assessment of the extent to which 
                activities administered under the Federal 
                Energy Management Program could be used to 
                assist with the implementation strategy.
                    (F) An assessment of State and local 
                partnership opportunities that could achieve 
                efficiency and cost savings, and any 
                legislative authorities required to carry out 
                such partnerships or agreements.
            (3) Coordination with state and local and other 
        entities.--In preparing the report required under 
        paragraph (1), the Under Secretary may work in 
        conjunction and coordinate with the States containing 
        areas of high levels of energy intensity, local 
        communities, and other Federal departments and 
        agencies.
    (b) Definitions.--In this section, the term ``high levels 
of energy intensity'' means costs for the provision of energy 
by kilowatt of electricity or British thermal unit of heat or 
steam for a military installation in the United States that is 
in the highest 20 percent of all military installations for a 
military department.

SEC. 316. SENSE OF CONGRESS ON FUNDING DECISIONS RELATING TO CLIMATE 
                    CHANGE.

    It is the sense of Congress that--
            (1) decisions relating to the funding of the 
        Department of Defense for fiscal year 2017 should 
        prioritize the support and enhancement of the combat 
        capabilities of the Department, in addition to seeking 
        efficiency and efficacy;
            (2) funds should be allocated among the programs of 
        the Department in the manner that best serves the 
        national security interests of the United States; and
            (3) decisions relating to energy efficiency, energy 
        use, and climate change should adhere to the principles 
        described in paragraphs (1) and (2).

                 Subtitle C--Logistics and Sustainment

SEC. 321. REVISION OF DEPLOYABILITY RATING SYSTEM AND PLANNING REFORM.

    (a) Deployment Prioritization and Readiness.--
            (1) In general.--Chapter 1003 of title 10, United 
        States Code, is amended by inserting after section 
        10102 the following new section:

``Sec. 10102a. Deployment prioritization and readiness of Army 
                    components

    ``(a) Deployment Prioritization.--The Secretary of the Army 
shall maintain a system for identifying the priority of 
deployment for units of all components of the Army.
    ``(b) Deployability Readiness Rating.--The Secretary of the 
Army shall maintain a readiness rating system for units of all 
components of the Army that provides an accurate assessment of 
the deployability of a unit and those shortfalls of a unit that 
require the provision of additional resources. The system shall 
ensure--
            ``(1) that the personnel readiness rating of a unit 
        reflects--
                    ``(A) both the percentage of the overall 
                personnel requirement of the unit that is 
                manned and deployable and the fill and 
                deployability rate for critical occupational 
                specialties necessary for the unit to carry out 
                its basic mission requirements; and
                    ``(B) the number of personnel in the unit 
                who are qualified in their primary military 
                occupational specialty; and
            ``(2) that the equipment readiness assessment of a 
        unit--
                    ``(A) documents all equipment required for 
                deployment;
                    ``(B) reflects only that equipment that is 
                directly possessed by the unit;
                    ``(C) specifies the effect of substitute 
                items; and
                    ``(D) assesses the effect of missing 
                components and sets on the readiness of major 
                equipment items.''.
            (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at 
        the beginning of chapter 1003 of such title is amended 
        by inserting after the item relating to section 10102 
        the following new item:

``10102a. Deployment prioritization and readiness of Army components.''.
    (b) Repeal of Superseded Provisions of Law.--Sections 1121 
and 1135 of the Army National Guard Combat Readiness Reform Act 
of 1992 (title XI of Public Law 102-484; 10 U.S.C. 10105 note) 
are repealed.

SEC. 322. REVISION OF GUIDANCE RELATING TO CORROSION CONTROL AND 
                    PREVENTION EXECUTIVES.

    (a) In General.--Not later than 90 days after the date of 
the enactment of this Act, the Under Secretary of Defense for 
Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics, in coordination with 
the Director of Corrosion Policy and Oversight for the 
Department of Defense, shall revise guidance relating to 
corrosion control and prevention executives to--
            (1) clarify the role of each such executive with 
        respect to assisting the Office of Corrosion Policy and 
        Oversight in holding the appropriate project management 
        office in each military department accountable for 
        submitting the annual report required under section 
        903(b)(5) of the Duncan Hunter National Defense 
        Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2009 (Public Law 110-
        417; 10 U.S.C. 2228 note); and
            (2) ensure that corrosion control and prevention 
        executives emphasize the reduction of corrosion and the 
        effects of corrosion on the military equipment and 
        infrastructure of the Department of Defense, as 
        required in the long-term strategy of the Department of 
        Defense under section 2228(d) of title 10, United 
        States Code.
    (b) Corrosion Control and Prevention Executive Defined.--In 
this section, the term ``corrosion control and prevention 
executive'' means the employee of a military department 
designated as the corrosion control and prevention executive of 
the department under section 903(a) of the Duncan Hunter 
National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2009 (Public 
Law 110-417; 10 U.S.C. 2228 note).

SEC. 323. PILOT PROGRAM FOR INCLUSION OF CERTAIN INDUSTRIAL PLANTS IN 
                    THE ARMAMENT RETOOLING AND MANUFACTURING SUPPORT 
                    INITIATIVE.

    During the five-year period beginning on the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense may treat a 
Government-owned, contractor-operated industrial plant of the 
Department of Defense as an eligible facility under section 
4551(2) of title 10, United States Code.

SEC. 324. REPAIR, RECAPITALIZATION, AND CERTIFICATION OF DRY DOCKS AT 
                    NAVAL SHIPYARDS.

    (a) Special Authority to Transfer Authorizations.--In 
addition to the authority to transfer funds provided under 
section 1001, the Secretary of Defense may transfer not more 
than $250,000,000 of authorizations made available to the 
Department of Defense in this Act for fiscal year 2017 to the 
Department of the Navy for the repair, recapitalization, and 
certification of dry docks at Government-owned, Government-
operated shipyards of the Navy.
    (b) Notice to Congress.--The Secretary shall promptly 
notify Congress of each transfer made under subsection (a).
    (c) Terms and Conditions.--
            (1) In general.--Except as provided in paragraph 
        (2), transfers under this section shall be subject to 
        the same terms and conditions as transfers under 
        section 1001.
            (2) Effect on dollar limit.--A transfer of funds 
        under this section shall not be counted toward the 
        dollar limitation described in section 1001(a)(2).

SEC. 325. PRIVATE SECTOR PORT LOADING ASSESSMENT.

    (a) Assessments Required.--During the period beginning on 
the date of the enactment of this Act and ending on the date of 
the final briefing under subsection (c), the Secretary of the 
Navy shall conduct quarterly assessments of naval ship 
maintenance and loading activities carried out by private 
sector entities at each covered port.
    (b) Elements of Assessments.--Each assessment under 
subsection (a) shall include, with respect to each covered 
port, the following:
            (1) Resources per day, including daily ship 
        availabilities and the workforce available to carry out 
        maintenance and loading activities, for the fiscal year 
        preceding the quarter covered by the assessment through 
        the end of such quarter.
            (2) Projected resources per day, including daily 
        ship availabilities and the workforce available to 
        carry out maintenance and loading activities, through 
        the end of the second fiscal year beginning after the 
        quarter covered by the assessment.
            (3) A description of the methods by which the 
        Secretary communicates projected workloads to private 
        sector entities engaged in ship maintenance activities 
        and ship loading activities.
            (4) A description of any processes that have been 
        implemented to allow for timely feedback from private 
        sector entities engaged in ship maintenance activities 
        and ship loading activities.
    (c) Briefings Required.--Not later than 30 days after the 
date of the enactment of this Act, and on a quarterly basis 
thereafter until September 30, 2021, the Secretary shall 
provide to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and 
House of Representatives (and other congressional defense 
committees on request)--
            (1) a briefing on the results of the assessments 
        conducted under subsection (a); and
            (2) a chart depicting the information described in 
        paragraphs (1) and (2) of subsection (b) with respect 
        to each covered port.
    (d) Covered Ports.--In this section, the term ``covered 
ports'' means port facilities used by the Department of Defense 
in each of the following locations:
            (1) Mayport, Florida.
            (2) Norfolk, Virginia.
            (3) Pearl Harbor, Hawaii.
            (4) Puget Sound, Washington.
            (5) San Diego, California.

SEC. 326. STRATEGY ON REVITALIZING ARMY ORGANIC INDUSTRIAL BASE.

    (a) Strategy.--Not later than October 1, 2017, the 
Secretary of Army shall submit to the congressional defense 
committees a strategy to revitalize the organic industrial base 
of the Army.
    (b) Elements.--The strategy under subsection (a) shall 
include, with respect to the organic industrial base of the 
Army, the following:
            (1) A plan to ensure the long-term viability of the 
        organic industrial base.
            (2) An assessment of legacy items of the Army that 
        are sustained by the Defense Logistics Agency.
            (3) A description of how the organic industrial 
        base may be used to address diminishing manufacturing 
        sources and material shortages.
            (4) A description of critical capabilities that are 
        required across the organic industrial base.
            (5) An assessment of infrastructure across the 
        organic industrial base.
            (6) An assessment of manufacturing sources in the 
        organic industrial base and the private sector.
            (7) An explanation of how contracting may be used 
        to meet organic industrial base requirements.
            (8) An assessment of current and future workloads 
        across the organic industrial base.
            (9) An assessment of the processes used to identify 
        critical capabilities for the organic industrial base 
        and the methods used to determine workloads.
            (10) An assessment of existing labor rates.
            (11) A description of manufacturing skills that are 
        needed to sustain readiness.
            (12) A description of how public-private 
        partnerships may be used to improve the organic 
        industrial base.
            (13) A description of how working capital funds may 
        be used to improve the organic industrial base.
            (14) An assessment of operating expenses and the 
        potential for reducing or recovering such expenses.
            (15) Identification of the tooling, equipment, and 
        facilities upgrades necessary for a facility in the 
        organic industrial base to manufacture the legacy items 
        of the Defense Logistics Agency, including items 
        described in section 333(a) of the National Defense 
        Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2016 (Public Law 114-
        92; 129 Stat. 792).
            (16) An assessment of the suitability of 
        manufacturing the legacy items of the Defense Logistics 
        Agency in a facility in the organic industrial base.
    (c) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) Legacy items.--The term ``legacy items'' means 
        manufactured items that are no longer produced by the 
        private sector but continue to be used for weapons 
        systems of the Department of Defense, but does not 
        include information systems and information technology 
        (as those terms are defined in section 11101 of title 
        40, United States Code).
            (2) Organic industrial base.--The term ``organic 
        industrial base'' means United States military 
        facilities, including arsenals, depots, munition plants 
        and centers, and storage sites, that advance a vital 
        national security interest by producing, maintaining, 
        repairing, and storing materiel, munitions, and 
        hardware.

                          Subtitle D--Reports

SEC. 331. MODIFICATIONS TO QUARTERLY READINESS REPORT TO CONGRESS.

    (a) Deadline for Report.--Subsection (a) of section 482 of 
title 10, United States Code, is amended by striking ``Not 
later than 45 days after the end of each calendar-year 
quarter'' and inserting ``Not later than 30 days after the end 
of each calendar-year quarter''.
    (b) Elimination of Reporting Requirements Related to 
Prepositioned Stocks and National Guard Civil Support Mission 
Readiness.--Such section is further amended--
            (1) in subsection (a), by striking ``subsections 
        (b), (d), (e), (f), (g), (h), and (i)'' and inserting 
        ``subsections (b), (d), (e), (f), and (g)'';
            (2) by striking subsections (d) and (e); and
            (3) by redesignating subsections (f), (g), (h), 
        (i), and (j) as subsections (d), (e), (f), (g), and (i) 
        respectively.
    (c) Inclusion of Information on Cannibalization Rates.--
Such section, as amended by subsection (b), is further amended 
by inserting after subsection (g), as redesignated by paragraph 
(3) of such subsection (b), the following new subsection:
    ``(h) Cannibalization Rates.--Each report under this 
section shall include a separate unclassified report containing 
the information collected pursuant to section 117(c)(7) of this 
title.''.

SEC. 332. REPORT ON AVERAGE TRAVEL COSTS OF MEMBERS OF THE RESERVE 
                    COMPONENTS.

    Not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of 
this Act, the Comptroller General of the United States shall 
submit to the congressional defense committees a report on the 
travel expenses of members of reserve components associated 
with performing active duty service, active service, full-time 
National Guard duty, active Guard and Reserve duty, and 
inactive-duty training, as such terms are defined in section 
101(d) of title 10, United States Code. Such report shall 
include the average annual cost for all travel expenses for a 
member of a reserve component.

SEC. 333. REPORT ON HH-60G SUSTAINMENT AND COMBAT RESCUE HELICOPTER 
                    PROGRAM.

    (a) Report on Sustainment Plan.--Not later than one year 
after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of 
Defense shall submit to the congressional defense committees a 
report that sets forth a plan to modernize, sustain training, 
and conduct depot-level maintenance and repair for all 
components of the HH-60 helicopter fleet until total force 
combat rescue units have been fully equipped with HH-60W Combat 
Rescue Helicopters.
    (b) Elements.--The report required by subsection (a) shall 
include a description of the plans of the Air Force--
            (1) to modernize legacy HH-60G combat rescue 
        helicopters;
            (2) to maintain the training pipeline for the HH-
        60G aircrew and the maintenance force required to 
        maintain full readiness through the end of fiscal year 
        2029; and
            (3) to carry out depot-level maintenance and repair 
        (as that term is defined in section 2460 of title 10, 
        United States Code) to ensure the legacy HH-60G fleet 
        of helicopters is maintained to meet readiness rates 
        through the end of fiscal year 2029.
    (c) Form.--The report required by subsection (a) shall be 
submitted in unclassified form, but may include a classified 
annex.

                       Subtitle E--Other Matters

SEC. 341. AIR NAVIGATION MATTERS.

    (a) Expansion of Definition of Structures Interfering With 
Air Commerce and National Defense.--
            (1) Notice.--Section 44718(a) of title 49, United 
        States Code, is amended--
                    (A) in paragraph (1), by striking ``and'' 
                at the end;
                    (B) in paragraph (2), by striking the 
                period at the end and inserting ``; or''; and
                    (C) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(3) the interests of national security, as 
        determined by the Secretary of Defense.''.
            (2) Studies.--Section 44718(b) of title 49, United 
        States Code, is amended to read as follows:
    ``(b) Studies.--
            ``(1) In general.--Under regulations prescribed by 
        the Secretary, if the Secretary decides that 
        constructing or altering a structure may result in an 
        obstruction of the navigable airspace, an interference 
        with air navigation facilities and equipment or the 
        navigable airspace, or, after consultation with the 
        Secretary of Defense, an adverse impact on military 
        operations and readiness, the Secretary of 
        Transportation shall conduct an aeronautical study to 
        decide the extent of any adverse impact on the safe and 
        efficient use of the airspace, facilities, or 
        equipment. In conducting the study, the Secretary 
        shall--
                    ``(A) consider factors relevant to the 
                efficient and effective use of the navigable 
                airspace, including--
                            ``(i) the impact on arrival, 
                        departure, and en route procedures for 
                        aircraft operating under visual flight 
                        rules;
                            ``(ii) the impact on arrival, 
                        departure, and en route procedures for 
                        aircraft operating under instrument 
                        flight rules;
                            ``(iii) the impact on existing 
                        public-use airports and aeronautical 
                        facilities;
                            ``(iv) the impact on planned 
                        public-use airports and aeronautical 
                        facilities;
                            ``(v) the cumulative impact 
                        resulting from the proposed 
                        construction or alteration of a 
                        structure when combined with the impact 
                        of other existing or proposed 
                        structures; and
                            ``(vi) other factors relevant to 
                        the efficient and effective use of 
                        navigable airspace; and
                    ``(B) include the finding made by the 
                Secretary of Defense under subsection (f).
            ``(2) Report.--On completing the study, the 
        Secretary of Transportation shall issue a report 
        disclosing the extent of the--
                    ``(A) adverse impact on the safe and 
                efficient use of the navigable airspace that 
                the Secretary finds will result from 
                constructing or altering the structure; and
                    ``(B) unacceptable risk to the national 
                security of the United States, as determined by 
                the Secretary of Defense under subsection (f).
            ``(3) Severability.--A determination by the 
        Secretary of Transportation on hazard to air navigation 
        under this section shall remain independent of a 
        determination of unacceptable risk to the national 
        security of the United States by the Secretary of 
        Defense under subsection (f).''.
            (3) National security finding; definitions.--
        Section 44718 of title 49, United States Code, is 
        amended by adding at the end the following:
    ``(f) National Security Finding.--As part of an 
aeronautical study conducted under subsection (b), the 
Secretary of Defense shall--
            ``(1) make a finding on whether the construction, 
        alteration, establishment, or expansion of a structure 
        or sanitary landfill included in the study would result 
        in an unacceptable risk to the national security of the 
        United States; and
            ``(2) transmit the finding to the Secretary of 
        Transportation for inclusion in the report required 
        under subsection (b)(2).
    ``(g) Definitions.--In this section, the following 
definitions apply:
            ``(1) Adverse impact on military operations and 
        readiness.--The term `adverse impact on military 
        operations and readiness' has the meaning given the 
        term in section 211.3 of title 32, Code of Federal 
        Regulations, as in effect on January 6, 2014.
            ``(2) Unacceptable risk to the national security of 
        the united states.--The term `unacceptable risk to the 
        national security of the United States' has the meaning 
        given the term in section 211.3 of title 32, Code of 
        Federal Regulations, as in effect on January 6, 
        2014.''.
            (4) Conforming amendments.--
                    (A) Section heading.--Section 44718 of 
                title 49, United States Code, is amended in the 
                section heading by inserting ``or national 
                security'' after ``air commerce''.
                    (B) Clerical amendment.--The table of 
                sections at the beginning of chapter 447 of 
                title 49, United States Code, is amended by 
                striking the item relating to section 44718 and 
                inserting the following:

``44718. Structures interfering with air commerce or national 
          security.''.
    (b) Performance-based Navigation.--Section 213(c) of the 
FAA Modernization and Reform Act of 2012 (Public Law 112-95; 49 
U.S.C. 40101 note) is amended by adding at the end the 
following:
            ``(3) Notifications and consultations.--Not later 
        than 90 days before applying a categorical exclusion 
        under this subsection to a new procedure at an OEP 
        airport, the Administrator shall--
                    ``(A) notify and consult with the operator 
                of the airport at which the procedure would be 
                implemented; and
                    ``(B) consider consultations or other 
                engagement with the community in the which the 
                airport is located to inform the public of the 
                procedure.
            ``(4) Review of certain categorical exclusions.--
                    ``(A) In general.--The Administrator shall 
                review any decision of the Administrator made 
                on or after February 14, 2012, and before the 
                date of the enactment of this paragraph to 
                grant a categorical exclusion under this 
                subsection with respect to a procedure to be 
                implemented at an OEP airport that was a 
                material change from procedures previously in 
                effect at the airport to determine if the 
                implementation of the procedure had a 
                significant effect on the human environment in 
                the community in which the airport is located.
                    ``(B) Content of review.--If, in conducting 
                a review under subparagraph (A) with respect to 
                a procedure implemented at an OEP airport, the 
                Administrator, in consultation with the 
                operator of the airport, determines that 
                implementing the procedure had a significant 
                effect on the human environment in the 
                community in which the airport is located, the 
                Administrator shall--
                            ``(i) consult with the operator of 
                        the airport to identify measures to 
                        mitigate the effect of the procedure on 
                        the human environment; and
                            ``(ii) in conducting such 
                        consultations, consider the use of 
                        alternative flight paths that do not 
                        substantially degrade the efficiencies 
                        achieved by the implementation of the 
                        procedure being reviewed.
                    ``(C) Human environment defined.--In this 
                paragraph, the term `human environment' has the 
                meaning given such term in section 1508.14 of 
                title 40, Code of Federal Regulations (as in 
                effect on the day before the date of the 
                enactment of this paragraph).''.

SEC. 342. CONTRACT WORKING DOGS.

    (a) Required Contract Clause.--
            (1) In general.--Chapter 141 of title 10, United 
        States Code, is amended by adding at the end the 
        following new section:

``Sec. 2410r. Contract working dogs: requirement to transfer animals to 
                    341st Training Squadron after service life

    ``(a) In General.--Each contract entered into by the 
Secretary of Defense for the provision of a contract working 
dog shall require that the dog be transferred to the 341st 
Training Squadron after the service life of the dog has 
terminated as described in subsection (b) for reclassification 
as a military animal and placement for adoption in accordance 
with section 2583 of this title.
    ``(b) Service Life.--The service life of a contract working 
dog has terminated and the dog is available for transfer to the 
341st Training Squadron pursuant to a contract under subsection 
(a) only if the contracting officer concerned has determined 
that--
            ``(1) the final contractual obligation of the dog 
        preceding such transfer is with the Department of 
        Defense; and
            ``(2) the dog cannot be used by another department 
        or agency of the Federal Government due to age, injury, 
        or performance.
    ``(c) Contract Working Dog.--In this section, the term 
`contract working dog' means a dog--
            ``(1) that performs a service for the Department of 
        Defense pursuant to a contract; and
            ``(2) that is trained and kenneled by an entity 
        that provides such a dog pursuant to such a 
        contract.''.
            (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at 
        the beginning of such chapter is amended by adding at 
        the end the following new item:

``2410r. Contract working dogs: requirement to transfer animals to 341st 
          Training Squadron after service life.''.
    (b) Inclusion in Definition of Military Animal.--Paragraph 
(1) of section 2583(h) of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended to read as follows:
            ``(1) A military working dog, which may include a 
        contract working dog (as such term is defined in 
        section 2410r) that has been transferred to the 341st 
        Training Squadron.''.

SEC. 343. PLAN, FUNDING DOCUMENTS, AND MANAGEMENT REVIEW RELATING TO 
                    EXPLOSIVE ORDNANCE DISPOSAL.

    (a) Plan Required.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
        develop a plan to establish an explosive ordnance 
        disposal program in the Department of Defense to ensure 
        close and continuous coordination among the military 
        departments on matters relating to explosive ordnance 
        disposal.
            (2) Roles, responsibilities, and authorities.--The 
        plan under paragraph (1) shall include provisions under 
        which--
                    (A) the Secretary of Defense shall--
                            (i) assign responsibility for the 
                        coordination and integration of 
                        explosive ordnance disposal to a joint 
                        office or entity in the Office of the 
                        Secretary of Defense; and
                            (ii) designate the Secretary of the 
                        Navy (or a designee of the Secretary of 
                        the Navy) as the executive agent for 
                        the Department of Defense to coordinate 
                        and integrate research, development, 
                        test, and evaluation activities and 
                        procurement activities of the military 
                        departments relating to explosive 
                        ordnance disposal; and
                    (B) the Secretary of each military 
                department shall assess the needs of the 
                military department concerned with respect to 
                explosive ordnance disposal and may carry out 
                research, development, test, and evaluation 
                activities and procurement activities to 
                address such needs.
    (b) Annual Explosive Ordnance Disposal Funding Documents.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
        submit to Congress, as a part of the defense budget 
        materials for each fiscal year after fiscal year 2017, 
        a consolidated funding display, in classified and 
        unclassified form, that identifies the funding source 
        for all explosive ordnance disposal activities within 
        the Department of Defense.
            (2) Elements.--The funding display under paragraph 
        (1) for a fiscal year shall include a single program 
        element from each military department for each of the 
        following:
                    (A) Research, development, test, and 
                evaluation.
                    (B) Procurement.
                    (C) Operation and maintenance.
                    (D) Any other program element used to fund 
                explosive ordnance disposal activities (but not 
                including any program element relating to 
                military construction).
    (c) Management Review and Assessment.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
        review and assess the effectiveness of current 
        management structures in supporting the explosive 
        ordnance disposal needs of the combatant commands and 
        the military departments.
            (2) Elements.--The review and assessment under 
        paragraph (1) shall include the following:
                    (A) A review of the organizational 
                structures and responsibilities within the 
                Office of the Secretary of Defense that provide 
                policy and oversight of the policies, programs, 
                acquisition activities, and personnel of the 
                military departments relating to explosive 
                ordnance disposal.
                    (B) A review of the organizational 
                structures and responsibilities within the 
                military departments that--
                            (i) man, equip, and train explosive 
                        ordnance disposal forces; and
                            (ii) support such forces with 
                        manpower, technology, equipment, and 
                        readiness.
                    (C) A review of the organizational 
                structures and responsibilities of the 
                Secretary of the Navy as the executive agent 
                for explosive ordnance disposal technology and 
                training.
                    (D) Budget displays for each military 
                department that support research, development, 
                test, and evaluation; procurement; and 
                operation and maintenance, relating to 
                explosive ordnance disposal.
                    (E) An assessment of the adequacy of the 
                organizational structures and responsibilities 
                and the alignment of funding within the 
                military departments in supporting the needs of 
                the combatant commands and the military 
                departments with respect to explosive ordnance 
                disposal.
    (d) Briefing.--Not later than March 1, 2017, the Secretary 
shall provide to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate 
and the House of Representatives a briefing that includes--
            (1) details of the plan required under subsection 
        (a);
            (2) the results of the review and assessment under 
        subsection (c);
            (3) a description of any measures undertaken to 
        improve joint coordination, oversight, and management 
        of programs relating to explosive ordnance disposal;
            (4) recommendations to the Secretary to improve the 
        capabilities and readiness of explosive ordnance 
        disposal forces; and
            (5) an explanation of the advantages and 
        disadvantages of assigning responsibility for the 
        coordination and integration of explosive ordnance 
        disposal to a single joint office or entity in the 
        Office of the Secretary of Defense.
    (e) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) Explosive ordnance.--The term ``explosive 
        ordnance'' means any munition containing explosives, 
        nuclear fission or fusion materials, or biological or 
        chemical agents, including--
                    (A) bombs and warheads;
                    (B) guided and ballistic missiles;
                    (C) artillery, mortar, rocket, and small 
                arms munitions;
                    (D) mines, torpedoes, and depth charges;
                    (E) demolition charges;
                    (F) pyrotechnics;
                    (G) clusters and dispensers;
                    (H) cartridge and propellant actuated 
                devices;
                    (I) electro-explosive devices; and
                    (J) clandestine and improvised explosive 
                devices.
            (2) Disposal.--The term ``disposal'' means, with 
        respect to explosive ordnance, the detection, 
        identification, field evaluation, defeat, disablement, 
        or rendering safe, recovery and exploitation, and final 
        disposition of the ordnance.

SEC. 344. PROCESS FOR COMMUNICATING AVAILABILITY OF SURPLUS AMMUNITION.

    (a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense shall implement a 
formal process to provide Federal Government agencies outside 
the Department of Defense with information on the availability 
of surplus, serviceable ammunition from the Department of 
Defense for the purpose of reducing costs relating to the 
storage and disposal of such ammunition.
    (b) Implementation Deadline.--The Secretary shall implement 
the process described in subsection (a) beginning not later 
than 180 days after the date of the enactment of this Act.

SEC. 345. MITIGATION OF RISKS POSED BY WINDOW COVERINGS WITH ACCESSIBLE 
                    CORDS IN CERTAIN MILITARY HOUSING UNITS.

    (a) Removal of Certain Window Coverings.--Not later than 
three years after the date of enactment of this Act, the 
Secretary of Defense shall remove and replace disqualified 
window coverings from--
            (1) military housing units owned by the Department 
        of Defense in which children under the age of 9 may 
        reside; and
            (2) military housing units leased by the Department 
        of Defense in which children under the age of 9 may 
        reside if the lease for such units requires the 
        Department to provide window coverings.
    (b) Prohibition on Disqualified Window Coverings in 
Military Housing Units Acquired or Constructed by Contract.--
All contracts entered into by the Secretary of Defense after 
September 30, 2017, for the acquisition or construction of 
military family housing, including military family housing 
acquired or constructed pursuant to subchapter IV of chapter 
169 of title 10, United States Code, shall prohibit the use of 
disqualified window coverings in such housing.
    (c) Disqualified Window Covering Defined.--In this section, 
the term ``disqualified window covering'' means--
            (1) a window covering with an accessible cord that 
        exceeds 8 inches in length; or
            (2) a window covering with an accessible continuous 
        loop cord that does not have a cord tension device that 
        prevents operation when the cord is not anchored to the 
        wall.

SEC. 346. ACCESS TO MILITARY INSTALLATIONS BY TRANSPORTATION COMPANIES.

    (a) In General.--Not later than one year after the date of 
the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall 
establish policies under which covered drivers may be 
authorized to access military installations.
    (b) Elements.--The policies established under subsection 
(a)--
            (1) shall include the terms and conditions under 
        which a covered driver may be authorized to access a 
        military installation;
            (2) may require a transportation company and a 
        covered driver to enter into a written agreement with 
        the Department of Defense as a precondition for 
        obtaining authorization to access a military 
        installation;
            (3) shall be consistent across military 
        installations, to the extent practicable;
            (4) shall be designed to promote the expeditious 
        entry of covered drivers onto military installations 
        for purposes of providing commercial transportation 
        services;
            (5) shall place appropriate restrictions on entry 
        into sensitive areas of military installations;
            (6) shall be designed, to the extent practicable, 
        to give covered drivers access to barracks areas, 
        housing areas, temporary lodging facilities, hospitals, 
        and community support facilities;
            (7) shall require transportation companies--
                    (A) to track, in real-time, the location of 
                the entry and exit of covered drivers onto and 
                off of military installations; and
                    (B) to provide, on demand, the information 
                described in subparagraph (A) to appropriate 
                personnel and agencies of the Department; and
            (8) shall take into account force protection 
        requirements and ensure the protection and safety of 
        members of the Armed Forces, civilian employees of the 
        Department of Defense, and the families of such members 
        and employees.
    (c) Confidentiality of Information.--The Secretary shall 
ensure that any information provided to the Department by a 
transportation company under subsection (b)(7)--
            (1) is treated as confidential and proprietary 
        information of the company that is exempt from public 
        disclosure pursuant to section 552 of title 5, United 
        States Code (commonly known as the ``Freedom of 
        Information Act''); and
            (2) except as provided in subsection (b)(7), is not 
        disclosed to any person or entity without the express 
        written consent of the company unless disclosure of 
        such information is required by a court order.
    (d) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) Transportation company.--The term 
        ``transportation company'' means a corporation, 
        partnership, sole proprietorship, or other entity 
        outside of the Department of Defense that provides a 
        commercial transportation service to a rider, including 
        a company that uses a digital network to connect riders 
        to covered drivers for the purpose of providing such 
        transportation service.
            (2) Covered driver.--The term ``covered driver''--
                    (A) means an individual--
                            (i) who is an employee of a 
                        transportation company or who is 
                        affiliated with a transportation 
                        company; and
                            (ii) who provides a commercial 
                        transportation service to a rider; and
                    (B) includes a vehicle operated by such 
                individual for the purpose of providing such 
                service.

SEC. 347. ACCESS TO WIRELESS HIGH-SPEED INTERNET AND NETWORK 
                    CONNECTIONS FOR CERTAIN MEMBERS OF THE ARMED 
                    FORCES.

    (a) In General.--In providing members of the Armed Forces 
with access to high-speed wireless Internet and network 
connections at military installations outside the United 
States, the Secretary of Defense may provide such access 
without charge to the members and their dependents.
    (b) Contract Authority.--The Secretary may enter into 
contracts for the purpose of carrying out subsection (a).

SEC. 348. LIMITATION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR OFFICE OF THE UNDER 
                    SECRETARY OF DEFENSE FOR INTELLIGENCE.

    Of the funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act or 
otherwise made available for fiscal year 2017 for Operation and 
Maintenance, Defense-wide, for the Office of the Under 
Secretary of Defense for Intelligence, not more than 90 percent 
may be obligated or expended until the Secretary of Defense 
issues guidance on the process by which members of the Armed 
Forces may carry an appropriate firearm on a military 
installation, as required by section 526 of the National 
Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2016 (Public Law 114-
92; 129 Stat. 813; 10 U.S.C. 2672 note).

SEC. 349. LIMITATION ON DEVELOPMENT AND FIELDING OF NEW CAMOUFLAGE AND 
                    UTILITY UNIFORMS.

    None of the funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act 
or otherwise made available for the Department of Defense may 
be obligated or expended to develop or field new camouflage 
uniforms, new utility uniforms, or new families of uniforms 
until the date that is one year after the date on which the 
Secretary of Defense submits to the congressional defense 
committees notice of the intent of the Secretary to develop or 
field such uniforms.

SEC. 350. PLAN FOR IMPROVED DEDICATED ADVERSARY AIR TRAINING ENTERPRISE 
                    OF THE AIR FORCE.

    (a) In General.--The Chief of Staff of the Air Force shall 
develop a plan for an improved dedicated adversary air training 
enterprise for the Air Force--
            (1) to maximize warfighting effectiveness and 
        synergies of the current and planned fourth and fifth 
        generation combat air forces through optimized training 
        and readiness;
            (2) to harness intelligence analysis, emerging 
        live-virtual-constructive training technologies, range 
        infrastructure improvements, and results of 
        experimentation and prototyping efforts in operational 
        concept development;
            (3) to challenge the combat air forces of the Air 
        Force with threat representative adversary-to-friendly 
        aircraft ratios, known and emerging adversary tactics, 
        and high fidelity replication of threat airborne and 
        ground capabilities; and
            (4) to achieve training and readiness goals and 
        objectives of the Air Force with demonstrated 
        institutional commitment to the adversary air training 
        enterprise through the application of Air Force policy 
        and resources, partnering with the other Armed Forces, 
        allies, and friends, and employing the use of industry 
        contracted services.
    (b) Elements.--The plan under subsection (a) shall include, 
with respect to an improved dedicated adversary air training 
enterprise, the following:
            (1) Goals and objectives.
            (2) Concepts of operations.
            (3) Timelines for the phased implementation of the 
        enterprise.
            (4) Analysis of readiness improvements that may 
        result from the enterprise.
            (5) Prioritized resource requirements.
            (6) Such other matters as the Chief of Staff 
        considers appropriate.
    (c) Written Plan and Briefing.--Not later than March 3, 
2017, the Chief of Staff shall provide to the Committees on 
Armed Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives--
            (1) a written version of the plan developed under 
        subsection (a); and
            (2) a briefing on such plan.

SEC. 351. INDEPENDENT REVIEW AND ASSESSMENT OF THE READY AIRCREW 
                    PROGRAM OF THE AIR FORCE.

    (a) Independent Review and Assessment.--The Secretary of 
the Air Force shall enter into a contract with an independent 
entity with appropriate expertise--
            (1) to conduct a review and assessment of--
                    (A) the assumptions underlying the annual 
                continuation training requirements of the Air 
                Force; and
                    (B) the overall effectiveness of the Ready 
                Aircrew Program of the Air Force in managing 
                aircrew training requirements; and
            (2) to make recommendations for the improved 
        management of such training requirements.
    (b) Report.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than 120 days after the 
        date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of the 
        Air Force shall submit to the congressional defense 
        committees a report on the review and assessment 
        conducted under subsection (a).
            (2) Elements.--The report under paragraph (1) shall 
        include an examination of the following:
                    (A) For the aircrews of each type of combat 
                aircraft and by mission type--
                            (i) the number of sorties required 
                        to reach minimum and optimal levels of 
                        proficiency, respectively;
                            (ii) the optimal mix of live and 
                        virtual training sorties; and
                            (iii) the optimal mix of 
                        experienced aircrews versus 
                        inexperienced aircrews.
                    (B) The availability of assets and 
                infrastructure to support the achievement of 
                aircrew proficiency levels and an explanation 
                of any requirements relating to such assets and 
                infrastructure.
                    (C) The accumulated flying hours or other 
                measurements used to determine if an aircrew 
                qualifies for designation as an experienced 
                aircrew, and whether different measurements 
                should be used.
                    (D) Any actions taken or planned to be 
                taken to implement recommendations resulting 
                from the independent review and assessment 
                under subsection (a), including an estimate of 
                the resources required to implement such 
                recommendations.
                    (E) Any other matters the Secretary 
                determines are appropriate to ensure a 
                comprehensive review and assessment.
    (c) Comptroller General Review.--
            (1) In general.--The Comptroller General of the 
        United States shall submit to the congressional defense 
        committees a review of the report described in 
        subsection (b). Such review shall include an assessment 
        of--
                    (A) the extent to which the report 
                addressed the elements described in paragraph 
                (2) of such subsection;
                    (B) the adequacy and completeness of the 
                assumptions reviewed to establish the annual 
                training requirements of the Air Force;
                    (C) any actions the Air Force plans to 
                carry out to incorporate the results of the 
                report into annual training documents; and
                    (D) any other matters the Comptroller 
                General determines are relevant.
            (2) Briefing.--Not later than 60 days after the 
        date on which the Secretary of the Air Force submits 
        the report under subsection (b) and prior to submitting 
        the review required under paragraph (1), the 
        Comptroller General shall provide a briefing to the 
        congressional defense committees on the preliminary 
        results of the review conducted under such paragraph.

SEC. 352. STUDY ON SPACE-AVAILABLE TRAVEL SYSTEM OF THE DEPARTMENT OF 
                    DEFENSE.

    (a) Study Required.--Not later than 90 days after the date 
of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall 
seek to enter into a contract with a federally funded research 
and development center to conduct an independent study on the 
space-available travel system of the Department of Defense.
    (b) Report Required.--Not later than 180 days after 
entering into a contract with a federally funded research and 
development center under subsection (a), the Secretary shall 
submit to the congressional defense committees a report 
summarizing the results of the study conducted under such 
subsection.
    (c) Elements.--The report under subsection (b) shall 
include, with respect to the space-available travel system, the 
following:
            (1) A determination of--
                    (A) the capacity of the system as of the 
                date of the enactment of this Act;
                    (B) the projected capacity of the system 
                for the 10-year period following such date of 
                enactment; and
                    (C) the projected number of reserve 
                retirees, active duty retirees, and dependents 
                of such retirees that will exist by the end of 
                such 10-year period.
            (2) Estimates of system capacity based the 
        projections described in paragraph (1).
            (3) A discussion of the efficiency of the system 
        and data regarding the use of available space with 
        respect to each category of passengers eligible for 
        space-available travel under existing regulations.
            (4) A description of the effect on system capacity 
        if eligibility for space-available travel is extended 
        to--
                    (A) drilling reserve component personnel 
                and dependents of such personnel on 
                international flights;
                    (B) dependents of reserve component 
                retirees who are less than 60 years of age;
                    (C) retirees who are less than 60 years of 
                age on international flights;
                    (D) drilling reserve component personnel 
                traveling to drilling locations; and
                    (E) members or former members of the Armed 
                Forces who have a disability rated as total, if 
                space-available travel is provided to such 
                members on the same basis as such travel is 
                provided to members of the Armed Forces 
                entitled to retired or retainer pay.
            (5) A discussion of logistical and management 
        problems, including congestion at terminals, waiting 
        times, lodging availability, and personal hardships 
        experienced by travelers.
            (6) An evaluation of the cost of the system and 
        whether space-available travel is and can remain cost-
        neutral.
            (7) An evaluation of the feasibility of expanding 
        the categories of passengers eligible for space-
        available travel to include--
                    (A) in the case of overseas travel, retired 
                members of an active or reserve component, 
                including retired members of reserve 
                components, who, but for being under the 
                eligibility age applicable to the member under 
                section 12731 of title 10, United States Code, 
                would be eligible for retired pay under chapter 
                1223 of such title;
                    (B) unremarried widows and widowers of 
                active or reserve component members of the 
                Armed Forces; and
                    (C) members or former members of the Armed 
                Forces who have a disability rated as total, if 
                space-available travel is provided to such 
                members on the same basis as such travel is 
                provided to members of the Armed Forces 
                entitled to retired or retainer pay.
            (8) Such other factors relating to the efficiency 
        and cost of the system as the Secretary determines to 
        be appropriate.
    (d) Additional Responsibilities.--In addition to carrying 
out subsections (a) through (c), the Secretary of Defense 
shall--
            (1) analyze the methods used to prioritize among 
        the categories of individuals eligible for space-
        available travel and make recommendations for--
                    (A) re-ordering the priority of such 
                categories; and
                    (B) adding additional categories of 
                eligible individuals; and
            (2) collect data on travelers who request but do 
        not obtain available travel spaces under the space-
        available travel system.
    (e) Disability Rated as Total Defined.--In this section, 
the term ``disability rated as total'' has the meaning given 
the term in section 1414(e)(3) of title 10, United States Code.

SEC. 353. EVALUATION OF MOTOR CARRIER SAFETY PERFORMANCE AND SAFETY 
                    TECHNOLOGY.

    (a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense shall evaluate 
the need for proven safety technology in vehicles transporting 
shipments under the Transportation Protective Services program 
of the United States Transportation Command, including--
            (1) electronic logging devices;
            (2) roll stability control;
            (3) forward collision avoidance systems;
            (4) lane departure warning systems; and
            (5) speed limiters.
    (b) Considerations.--In carrying out subsection (a), the 
Secretary shall--
            (1) consider the need to avoid catastrophic 
        accidents and exposure of security-sensitive materials; 
        and
            (2) take into the account the findings of the 
        Government Accountability Office report numbered GAO-
        16-82 and titled ``Defense Transportation; DoD Needs to 
        Improve the Evaluation of Safety and Performance 
        Information for Carriers Transporting Security-
        Sensitive Materials''.

               TITLE IV--MILITARY PERSONNEL AUTHORIZATIONS

                        Subtitle A--Active Forces

Sec. 401. End strengths for active forces.
Sec. 402. Revisions in permanent active duty end strength minimum 
          levels.

                       Subtitle B--Reserve Forces

Sec. 411. End strengths for Selected Reserve.
Sec. 412. End strengths for reserves on active duty in support of the 
          reserves.
Sec. 413. End strengths for military technicians (dual status).
Sec. 414. Fiscal year 2017 limitation on number of non-dual status 
          technicians.
Sec. 415. Maximum number of reserve personnel authorized to be on active 
          duty for operational support.
Sec. 416. Technical corrections to annual authorization for personnel 
          strengths.

               Subtitle C--Authorization of Appropriations

Sec. 421. Military personnel.

                       Subtitle A--Active Forces

SEC. 401. END STRENGTHS FOR ACTIVE FORCES.

    The Armed Forces are authorized strengths for active duty 
personnel as of September 30, 2017, as follows:
            (1) The Army, 476,000.
            (2) The Navy, 323,900.
            (3) The Marine Corps, 185,000.
            (4) The Air Force, 321,000.

SEC. 402. REVISIONS IN PERMANENT ACTIVE DUTY END STRENGTH MINIMUM 
                    LEVELS.

    Section 691(b) of title 10, United States Code, is amended 
by striking paragraphs (1) through (4) and inserting the 
following new paragraphs:
            ``(1) For the Army, 476,000.
            ``(2) For the Navy, 323,900.
            ``(3) For the Marine Corps, 185,000.
            ``(4) For the Air Force, 321,000.''.

                       Subtitle B--Reserve Forces

SEC. 411. END STRENGTHS FOR SELECTED RESERVE.

    (a) In General.--The Armed Forces are authorized strengths 
for Selected Reserve personnel of the reserve components as of 
September 30, 2017, as follows:
            (1) The Army National Guard of the United States, 
        343,000.
            (2) The Army Reserve, 199,000.
            (3) The Navy Reserve, 58,000.
            (4) The Marine Corps Reserve, 38,500.
            (5) The Air National Guard of the United States, 
        105,700.
            (6) The Air Force Reserve, 69,000.
            (7) The Coast Guard Reserve, 7,000.
    (b) End Strength Reductions.--The end strengths prescribed 
by subsection (a) for the Selected Reserve of any reserve 
component shall be proportionately reduced by--
            (1) the total authorized strength of units 
        organized to serve as units of the Selected Reserve of 
        such component which are on active duty (other than for 
        training) at the end of the fiscal year; and
            (2) the total number of individual members not in 
        units organized to serve as units of the Selected 
        Reserve of such component who are on active duty (other 
        than for training or for unsatisfactory participation 
        in training) without their consent at the end of the 
        fiscal year.
    (c) End Strength Increases.--Whenever units or individual 
members of the Selected Reserve for any reserve component are 
released from active duty during any fiscal year, the end 
strength prescribed for such fiscal year for the Selected 
Reserve of such reserve component shall be increased 
proportionately by the total authorized strengths of such units 
and by the total number of such individual members.

SEC. 412. END STRENGTHS FOR RESERVES ON ACTIVE DUTY IN SUPPORT OF THE 
                    RESERVES.

    Within the end strengths prescribed in section 411(a), the 
reserve components of the Armed Forces are authorized, as of 
September 30, 2017, the following number of Reserves to be 
serving on full-time active duty or full-time duty, in the case 
of members of the National Guard, for the purpose of 
organizing, administering, recruiting, instructing, or training 
the reserve components:
            (1) The Army National Guard of the United States, 
        30,155.
            (2) The Army Reserve, 16,261.
            (3) The Navy Reserve, 9,955.
            (4) The Marine Corps Reserve, 2,261.
            (5) The Air National Guard of the United States, 
        14,764.
            (6) The Air Force Reserve, 2,955.

SEC. 413. END STRENGTHS FOR MILITARY TECHNICIANS (DUAL STATUS).

    (a) In General.--The authorized number of military 
technicians (dual status) as of September 30, 2017, for the 
reserve components of the Army and the Air Force 
(notwithstanding section 129 of title 10, United States Code) 
shall be the following:
            (1) For the Army National Guard of the United 
        States, 25,507.
            (2) For the Army Reserve, 7,570.
            (3) For the Air National Guard of the United 
        States, 22,103.
            (4) For the Air Force Reserve, 10,061.
    (b) Variance.--Notwithstanding section 115 of title 10, 
United States Code, the end strength prescribed by subsection 
(a) for a reserve component specified in that subsection may be 
increased--
            (1) by 3 percent, upon determination by the 
        Secretary of Defense that such action is in the 
        national interest; and
            (2) by 2 percent, upon determination by the 
        Secretary of the military department concerned that 
        such action would enhance manning and readiness in 
        essential units or in critical specialties or ratings.

SEC. 414. FISCAL YEAR 2017 LIMITATION ON NUMBER OF NON-DUAL STATUS 
                    TECHNICIANS.

    (a) Limitations.--
            (1) National guard.--Within the limitation provided 
        in section 10217(c)(2) of title 10, United States Code, 
        the number of non-dual status technicians employed by 
        the National Guard as of September 30, 2017, may not 
        exceed the following:
                    (A) For the Army National Guard of the 
                United States, 1,600.
                    (B) For the Air National Guard of the 
                United States, 350.
            (2) Army reserve.--The number of non-dual status 
        technicians employed by the Army Reserve as of 
        September 30, 2017, may not exceed 420.
            (3) Air force reserve.--The number of non-dual 
        status technicians employed by the Air Force Reserve as 
        of September 30, 2017, may not exceed 90.
    (b) Non-dual Status Technicians Defined.--In this section, 
the term ``non-dual status technician'' has the meaning given 
that term in section 10217(a) of title 10, United States Code.

SEC. 415. MAXIMUM NUMBER OF RESERVE PERSONNEL AUTHORIZED TO BE ON 
                    ACTIVE DUTY FOR OPERATIONAL SUPPORT.

    During fiscal year 2017, the maximum number of members of 
the reserve components of the Armed Forces who may be serving 
at any time on full-time operational support duty under section 
115(b) of title 10, United States Code, is the following:
            (1) The Army National Guard of the United States, 
        17,000.
            (2) The Army Reserve, 13,000.
            (3) The Navy Reserve, 6,200.
            (4) The Marine Corps Reserve, 3,000.
            (5) The Air National Guard of the United States, 
        16,000.
            (6) The Air Force Reserve, 14,000.

SEC. 416. TECHNICAL CORRECTIONS TO ANNUAL AUTHORIZATION FOR PERSONNEL 
                    STRENGTHS.

    Section 115 of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in subsection (b)(1)--
                    (A) in subparagraph (B), by striking 
                ``502(f)(2)'' and inserting ``502(f)(1)(B)''; 
                and
                    (B) in subparagraph (C), by striking 
                ``502(f)(2)'' and inserting ``502(f)(1)(B)''; 
                and
            (2) in subsection (i)(7), by striking ``502(f)(1)'' 
        and inserting ``502(f)(1)(A)''.

              Subtitle C--Authorization of Appropriations

SEC. 421. MILITARY PERSONNEL.

    (a) Authorization of Appropriations.--Funds are hereby 
authorized to be appropriated for fiscal year 2017 for the use 
of the Armed Forces and other activities and agencies of the 
Department of Defense for expenses, not otherwise provided for, 
for military personnel, as specified in the funding table in 
section 4401.
    (b) Construction of Authorization.--The authorization of 
appropriations in subsection (a) supersedes any other 
authorization of appropriations (definite or indefinite) for 
such purpose for fiscal year 2017.

                   TITLE V--MILITARY PERSONNEL POLICY

                  Subtitle A--Officer Personnel Policy

Sec. 501. Reduction in number of general and flag officers on active 
          duty and authorized strength after December 31, 2022, of such 
          general and flag officers.
Sec. 502. Repeal of statutory specification of general or flag officer 
          grade for various positions in the Armed Forces.
Sec. 503. Number of Marine Corps general officers.
Sec. 504. Promotion eligibility period for officers whose confirmation 
          of appointment is delayed due to nonavailability to the Senate 
          of probative information under control of non-Department of 
          Defense agencies.
Sec. 505. Continuation of certain officers on active duty without regard 
          to requirement for retirement for years of service.
Sec. 506. Equal consideration of officers for early retirement or 
          discharge.
Sec. 507. Modification of authority to drop from rolls a commissioned 
          officer.
Sec. 508. Extension of force management authorities allowing enhanced 
          flexibility for officer personnel management.
Sec. 509. Pilot programs on direct commissions to cyber positions.
Sec. 510. Length of joint duty assignments.
Sec. 510A. Revision of definitions used for joint officer management.

                Subtitle B--Reserve Component Management

Sec. 511. Authority for temporary waiver of limitation on term of 
          service of Vice Chief of the National Guard Bureau.
Sec. 512. Rights and protections available to military technicians.
Sec. 513. Inapplicability of certain laws to National Guard technicians 
          performing active Guard and Reserve duty.
Sec. 514. Extension of removal of restrictions on the transfer of 
          officers between the active and inactive National Guard.
Sec. 515. Extension of temporary authority to use Air Force reserve 
          component personnel to provide training and instruction 
          regarding pilot training.
Sec. 516. Expansion of eligibility for deputy commander of combatant 
          command having United States among geographic area of 
          responsibility to include officers of the Reserves.

                 Subtitle C--General Service Authorities

Sec. 521. Matters relating to provision of leave for members of the 
          Armed Forces, including prohibition on leave not expressly 
          authorized by law.
Sec. 522. Transfer of provision relating to expenses incurred in 
          connection with leave canceled due to contingency operations.
Sec. 523. Expansion of authority to execute certain military 
          instruments.
Sec. 524. Medical examination before administrative separation for 
          members with post-traumatic stress disorder or traumatic brain 
          injury in connection with sexual assault.
Sec. 525. Reduction of tenure on the temporary disability retired list.
Sec. 526. Technical correction to voluntary separation pay and benefits.
Sec. 527. Consolidation of Army marketing and pilot program on 
          consolidated Army recruiting.

Subtitle D--Member Whistleblower Protections and Correction of Military 
                                 Records

Sec. 531. Improvements to whistleblower protection procedures.
Sec. 532. Modification of whistleblower protection authorities to 
          restrict contrary findings of prohibited personnel action by 
          the Secretary concerned.
Sec. 533. Availability of certain Correction of Military Records and 
          Discharge Review Board information through the Internet.
Sec. 534. Improvements to authorities and procedures for the correction 
          of military records.
Sec. 535. Treatment by discharge review boards of claims asserting post-
          traumatic stress disorder or traumatic brain injury in 
          connection with combat or sexual trauma as a basis for review 
          of discharge.
Sec. 536. Comptroller General of the United States review of integrity 
          of Department of Defense whistleblower program.

        Subtitle E--Military Justice and Legal Assistance Matters

Sec. 541. United States Court of Appeals for the Armed Forces.
Sec. 542. Effective prosecution and defense in courts-martial and pilot 
          programs on professional military justice development for 
          judge advocates.
Sec. 543. Inclusion in annual reports on sexual assault prevention and 
          response efforts of the Armed Forces of information on 
          complaints of retaliation in connection with reports of sexual 
          assault in the Armed Forces.
Sec. 544. Extension of the requirement for annual report regarding 
          sexual assaults and coordination with release of Family 
          Advocacy Program report.
Sec. 545. Metrics for evaluating the efforts of the Armed Forces to 
          prevent and respond to retaliation in connection with reports 
          of sexual assault in the Armed Forces.
Sec. 546. Training for Department of Defense personnel who investigate 
          claims of retaliation.
Sec. 547. Notification to complainants of resolution of investigations 
          into retaliation.
Sec. 548. Modification of definition of sexual harassment for purposes 
          of investigations by commanding officers of complaints of 
          harassment.
Sec. 549. Improved Department of Defense prevention of and response to 
          hazing in the Armed Forces.

   Subtitle F--National Commission on Military, National, and Public 
                                 Service

Sec. 551. Purpose, scope, and definitions.
Sec. 552. Preliminary report on purpose and utility of registration 
          system under Military Selective Service Act.
Sec. 553. National Commission on Military, National, and Public Service.
Sec. 554. Commission hearings and meetings.
Sec. 555. Principles and procedure for Commission recommendations.
Sec. 556. Executive Director and staff.
Sec. 557. Termination of Commission.

   Subtitle G--Member Education, Training, Resilience, and Transition

Sec. 561. Modification of program to assist members of the Armed Forces 
          in obtaining professional credentials.
Sec. 562. Inclusion of alcohol, prescription drug, opioid, and other 
          substance abuse counseling as part of required preseparation 
          counseling.
Sec. 563. Inclusion of information in Transition Assistance Program 
          regarding effect of receipt of both veteran disability 
          compensation and voluntary separation pay.
Sec. 564. Training under Transition Assistance Program on career and 
          employment opportunities associated with transportation 
          security cards.
Sec. 565. Extension of suicide prevention and resilience program.
Sec. 566. Congressional notification in advance of appointments to 
          service academies.
Sec. 567. Report and guidance on Job Training, Employment Skills 
          Training, Apprenticeships, and Internships and SkillBridge 
          initiatives for members of the Armed Forces who are being 
          separated.
Sec. 568. Military-to-mariner transition.

Subtitle H--Defense Dependents' Education and Military Family Readiness 
                                 Matters

Sec. 571. Continuation of authority to assist local educational agencies 
          that benefit dependents of members of the Armed Forces and 
          Department of Defense civilian employees.
Sec. 572. One-year extension of authorities relating to the transition 
          and support of military dependent students to local 
          educational agencies.
Sec. 573. Annual notice to members of the Armed Forces regarding child 
          custody protections guaranteed by the Servicemembers Civil 
          Relief Act.
Sec. 574. Requirement for annual Family Advocacy Program report 
          regarding child abuse and domestic violence.
Sec. 575. Reporting on allegations of child abuse in military families 
          and homes.
Sec. 576. Repeal of Advisory Council on Dependents' Education.
Sec. 577. Support for programs providing camp experience for children of 
          military families.
Sec. 578. Comptroller General of the United States assessment and report 
          on Exceptional Family Member Programs.
Sec. 579. Impact aid amendments.

                   Subtitle I--Decorations and Awards

Sec. 581. Posthumous advancement of Colonel George E. ``Bud'' Day, 
          United States Air Force, on the retired list.
Sec. 582. Authorization for award of medals for acts of valor during 
          certain contingency operations.
Sec. 583. Authorization for award of the Medal of Honor to Gary M. Rose 
          and James C. McCloughan for acts of valor during the Vietnam 
          War.
Sec. 584. Authorization for award of Distinguished-Service Cross to 
          First Lieutenant Melvin M. Spruiell for acts of valor during 
          World War II.
Sec. 585. Authorization for award of the Distinguished Service Cross to 
          Chaplain (First Lieutenant) Joseph Verbis LaFleur for acts of 
          valor during World War II.
Sec. 586. Review regarding award of Medal of Honor to certain Asian 
          American and Native American Pacific Islander war veterans.

           Subtitle J--Miscellaneous Reports and Other Matters

Sec. 591. Repeal of requirement for a chaplain at the United States Air 
          Force Academy appointed by the President.
Sec. 592. Extension of limitation on reduction in number of military and 
          civilian personnel assigned to duty with service review 
          agencies.
Sec. 593. Annual reports on progress of the Army and the Marine Corps in 
          integrating women into military occupational specialities and 
          units recently opened to women.
Sec. 594. Report on feasability of electronic tracking of operational 
          active-duty service performed by members of the Ready Reserve 
          of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 595. Report on discharge by warrant officers of pilot and other 
          flight officer positions in the Navy, Marine Corps, and Air 
          Force currently discharged by commissioned officers.
Sec. 596. Body mass index test.
Sec. 597. Report on career progression tracks of the Armed Forces for 
          women in combat arms units.

                  Subtitle A--Officer Personnel Policy

SEC. 501. REDUCTION IN NUMBER OF GENERAL AND FLAG OFFICERS ON ACTIVE 
                    DUTY AND AUTHORIZED STRENGTH AFTER DECEMBER 31, 
                    2022, OF SUCH GENERAL AND FLAG OFFICERS.

    (a) Reduction in Number of General and Flag Officers by 
December 31, 2022.--
            (1) Required reduction.--Except as otherwise 
        provided by an Act enacted after the date of the 
        enactment of this Act that expressly modifies the 
        requirements of this paragraph, by not later than 
        December 31, 2022, the Secretary of Defense shall 
        reduce the number of general and flag officers on 
        active duty by 110 from the aggregate authorized number 
        of general and flag officers authorized by sections 525 
        and 526 of title 10, United States Code, as of December 
        31, 2015.
            (2) Distribution of authorized positions.--
        Effective as of December 31, 2022, and reflecting the 
        reduction required by paragraph (1), authorized general 
        and flag officer positions shall be distributed among 
        the Army, Navy, Air Force, Marine Corps, and joint pool 
        as follows:
                    (A) The Army is authorized 220 positions in 
                the general officer grades.
                    (B) The Navy is authorized 151 positions in 
                the flag officer grades.
                    (C) The Air Force is authorized 187 
                positions in the general officer grades.
                    (D) The Marine Corps is authorized 62 
                positions in the general officer grades.
                    (E) The joint pool is authorized 232 
                positions in the general or flag officer 
                grades, to be distributed as follows:
                            (i) 82 positions in the general 
                        officer grades from the Army.
                            (ii) 60 positions in the flag 
                        officer grades from the Navy.
                            (iii) 69 positions in the general 
                        officer grades from the Air Force.
                            (iv) 21 positions in the general 
                        officer grades from the Marine Corps.
            (3) Temporary additional joint pool allocation.--In 
        addition to the positions authorized by paragraph (2), 
        the 30 general and flag officer positions designated 
        for overseas contingency operations are authorized as 
        an additional maximum temporary allocation to the joint 
        pool.
    (b) Plan to Achieve Required Reduction and Distribution.--
            (1) Plan required.--Utilizing the study conducted 
        under subsection (c), the Secretary of Defense shall 
        develop a plan to achieve, by the date specified in 
        subsection (a)(1)--
                    (A) the reduction required by such 
                subsection in the number of general and flag 
                officers; and
                    (B) the distribution of authorized 
                positions required by subsection (a)(2).
            (2) Submission of plan.--When the budget for the 
        Department of Defense for fiscal year 2019 is submitted 
        to Congress pursuant to section 1105 of title 31, 
        United States Code, the Secretary of Defense shall 
        submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the 
        Senate and the House of Representatives a report 
        setting forth the plan developed under this subsection.
            (3) Progress reports.--The Secretary of Defense 
        shall include with the budget for the Department of 
        Defense for each of fiscal years 2020, 2021, and 2022 a 
        report describing and assessing the progress of the 
        Secretary in implementing the plan developed under this 
        subsection.
    (c) Study for Purposes of Plan.--
            (1) Study required.--For purposes of complying with 
        subsection (a) and preparing the plan required by 
        subsection (b), the Secretary of Defense shall conduct 
        a comprehensive and deliberate global manpower study of 
        requirements for general and flag officers with the 
        goal of identifying--
                    (A) the requirement justification for each 
                general or flag officer position in terms of 
                overall force structure, scope of 
                responsibility, command and control 
                requirements, and force readiness and 
                execution;
                    (B) an additional 10 percent reduction in 
                the aggregate number of authorized general 
                officer and flag officer positions after the 
                reductions required by subsection (a); and
                    (C) an appropriate redistribution of all 
                general officer and flag officer positions 
                within the reductions so identified.
            (2) Submission of study results.--Not later than 
        April 1, 2017, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to 
        the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the 
        House of Representatives a report setting forth the 
        results of the study conducted under this subsection, 
        including the justification for general and flag 
        officer position to be retained and the reductions 
        identified by general and flag officer position.
            (3) Interim report.--If practicable before the date 
        specified in paragraph (2), the Secretary of Defense 
        shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the 
        Senate and the House of Representatives an interim 
        report describing the progress made toward the 
        completion of the study under this subsection, 
        including--
                    (A) the specific general and flag officer 
                positions that have been evaluated;
                    (B) the results of that evaluation; and
                    (C) recommendations for achieving the 
                additional 10 percent reduction in the 
                aggregate number of authorized general officer 
                and flag officer positions to be identified 
                under paragraph (1)(C) and recommendations for 
                redistribution of general and flag officer 
                positions that have been developed to that 
                point.
    (d) Exclusions.--
            (1) Related to joint duty assignments.--For 
        purposes of complying with subsection (a), the 
        Secretary of Defense may exclude--
                    (A) a general or flag officer released from 
                a joint duty assignment, but only during the 
                60-day period beginning on the date the officer 
                departs the joint duty assignment, except that 
                the Secretary may authorize the Secretary of a 
                military department to extend the 60-day period 
                by an additional 120 days, but not more than 
                three officers on active duty from each Armed 
                Force may be covered by the additional 
                extension at the same time; and
                    (B) the number of officers required to 
                serve in joint duty assignments for each Armed 
                Force as authorized by the Secretary under 
                section 526a(b) of title 10, United States 
                Code, as added by subsection (h) of this 
                section.
            (2) Related to relief from chief of staff duty.--
        For purposes of complying with subsection (a), the 
        Secretary of Defense may exclude an officer who 
        continues to hold the grade of general or admiral under 
        section 601(b)(5) of title 10, United States Code, 
        after relief from the position of Chairman of the Joint 
        Chiefs of Staff, Chief of Staff of the Army, Chief of 
        Naval Operations, Chief of Staff of the Air Force, or 
        Commandant of the Marine Corps.
            (3) Related to retirement, separation, release, or 
        relief.--For purposes of complying with subsection (a), 
        the Secretary of Defense may exclude the following 
        officers:
                    (A) An officer of an Armed Force in the 
                grade of brigadier general or above or, in the 
                case of the Navy, in the grade of rear admiral 
                (lower half) or above, who is on leave pending 
                the retirement, separation, or release of that 
                officer from active duty, but only during the 
                60-day period beginning on the date of the 
                commencement of such leave of such officer.
                    (B) An officer of an Armed Force who has 
                been relieved from a position designated under 
                section 601(a) of title 10, United States Code, 
                or by law to carry one of the grades specified 
                in such section, but only during the 60-day 
                period beginning on the date on which the 
                assignment of the officer to the first position 
                is terminated or until the officer is assigned 
                to a second such position, whichever occurs 
                first.
    (e) Secretarial Authority to Grant Exceptions to 
Limitations.--
            (1) In general.--Subject to paragraph (2), the 
        Secretary of Defense may alter the reduction otherwise 
        required by subsection (a)(1) in the number of general 
        and flag officer or the distribution of authorized 
        positions otherwise required by subsection (a)(2) in 
        the interest of the national security of the United 
        States.
            (2) Notice to congress of exceptions.--Not later 
        than 30 days after authorizing a number of general or 
        flag officers in excess of the number required as a 
        result of the reduction required by subsection (a)(1) 
        or altering the distribution of authorized positions 
        under subsection (a)(2), the Secretary of Defense shall 
        submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the 
        Senate and the House of Representatives written notice 
        of such exception, including a statement of the reason 
        for such exception and the anticipated duration of the 
        exception.
    (f) Orderly Transition for Officers Recently Assigned to 
Positions to Be Eliminated.--
            (1) Covered officers.--In order to provide an 
        orderly transition for personnel in general or flag 
        officer positions to be eliminated pursuant to the plan 
        prepared under subsection (b), any general or flag 
        officer who has not completed, as of December 31, 2022, 
        at least 24 months in a position to be eliminated 
        pursuant to the plan may remain in the position until 
        the last day of the month that is 24 months after the 
        month in which the officer assumed the duties of the 
        position.
            (2) Report to congress on covered officers.--The 
        Secretary of Defense shall include in the annual report 
        required by section 526(j) of title 10, United States 
        Code, in 2020 a description of the positions in which 
        an officer will remain pursuant to paragraph (1), 
        including the latest date on which the officer may 
        remain in such position pursuant to that paragraph.
            (3) Notice to congress on detachment of covered 
        officers.--The Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
        Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the 
        House of Representatives a notice on the date on which 
        each officer covered by paragraph (1) is detached from 
        the officer's position pursuant to such paragraph.
    (g) Relation to Subsequent General or Flag Nominations.--
            (1) Notice to senate with nomination.--In order to 
        help achieve the requirements of the plan required by 
        subsection (b), effective 30 days after the 
        commencement of the implementation of the plan, the 
        Secretary of Defense shall include with each nomination 
        of an officer to a grade above colonel or captain (in 
        the case of the Navy) that is forwarded by the 
        President to the Senate for appointment, by and with 
        the advice and consent of the Senate, a certification 
        to the Committee on Armed Services of the Senate that 
        the appointment of the officer to the grade concerned 
        will not interfere with achieving the reduction 
        required by subsection (a)(1) in the number of general 
        and flag officer positions or the distribution of 
        authorized positions required by subsection (a)(2).
            (2) Implementation.--Not later than 120 days after 
        the date of the submission of the plan required by 
        subsection (b), the Secretary of Defense shall revise 
        applicable guidance of the Department of Defense on 
        general and flag officer authorizations in order to 
        ensure that--
                    (A) the achievement of the reductions 
                required pursuant to subsection (a) is 
                incorporated into the planning for the 
                execution of promotions by the military 
                departments and for the joint pool;
                    (B) to the extent practicable, the 
                resulting grades for general and flag officer 
                positions are uniformly applied to positions of 
                similar duties and responsibilities across the 
                military departments and the joint pool; and
                    (C) planning achieves a reduction in the 
                headquarters functions and administrative and 
                support activities and staffs of the Department 
                of Defense and the military departments 
                commensurate with the achievement of the 
                reductions required pursuant to subsection (a).
    (h) Authorized Strength After December 31, 2022, of General 
and Flag Officers on Active Duty.--
            (1) In general.--Chapter 32 of title 10, United 
        States Code, is amended by inserting after section 526 
        the following new section:

``Sec. 526a. Authorized strength after December 31, 2022: general 
                    officers and flag officers on active duty

    ``(a) Limitations.--The number of general officers on 
active duty in the Army, Air Force, and Marine Corps, and the 
number of flag officers on active duty in the Navy, after 
December 31, 2022, may not exceed the number specified for the 
armed force concerned as follows:
            ``(1) For the Army, 220.
            ``(2) For the Navy, 151.
            ``(3) For the Air Force, 187.
            ``(4) For the Marine Corps, 62.
    ``(b) Limited Exclusion for Joint Duty Requirements.--
            ``(1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense may 
        designate up to 232 general officer and flag officer 
        positions that are joint duty assignments for purposes 
        of chapter 38 of this title for exclusion from the 
        limitations in subsection (a).
            ``(2) Minimum number.--Unless the Secretary of 
        Defense determines that a lower number is in the best 
        interest of the Department of Defense, the minimum 
        number of officers serving in positions designated 
        under paragraph (1) for each armed force shall be as 
        follows:
                    ``(A) For the Army, 75.
                    ``(B) For the Navy, 53.
                    ``(C) For the Air Force, 68.
                    ``(D) For the Marine Corps, 17.
    ``(c) Exclusion of Certain Officers Pending Separation or 
Retirement or Between Senior Positions.--The limitations of 
this section do not apply to--
            ``(1) an officer of an armed force in the grade of 
        brigadier general or above or, in the case of the Navy, 
        in the grade of rear admiral (lower half) or above, who 
        is on leave pending the retirement, separation, or 
        release of that officer from active duty, but only 
        during the 60-day period beginning on the date of the 
        commencement of such leave of such officer; or
            ``(2) an officer of an armed force who has been 
        relieved from a position designated under section 
        601(a) of this title or by law to carry one of the 
        grades specified in such section, but only during the 
        60-day period beginning on the date on which the 
        assignment of the officer to the first position is 
        terminated or until the officer is assigned to a second 
        such position, whichever occurs first.
    ``(d) Temporary Exclusion for Assignment to Certain 
Temporary Billets.--
            ``(1) In general.--The limitations in subsection 
        (a) do not apply to a general officer or flag officer 
        assigned to a temporary joint duty assignment 
        designated by the Secretary of Defense.
            ``(2) Duration of exclusion.--A general officer or 
        flag officer assigned to a temporary joint duty 
        assignment as described in paragraph (1) may not be 
        excluded under this subsection from the limitations in 
        subsection (a) for a period of longer than one year.
    ``(e) Exclusion of Officers Departing From Joint Duty 
Assignments.--The limitations in subsection (a) do not apply to 
an officer released from a joint duty assignment, but only 
during the 60-day period beginning on the date the officer 
departs the joint duty assignment. The Secretary of Defense may 
authorize the Secretary of a military department to extend the 
60-day period by an additional 120 days, except that not more 
than three officers on active duty from each armed force may be 
covered by the additional extension at the same time.
    ``(f) Active-Duty Baseline.--
            ``(1) Notice and wait requirements.--If the 
        Secretary of a military department proposes an action 
        that would increase above the baseline the number of 
        general officers or flag officers of an armed force 
        under the jurisdiction of that Secretary who would be 
        on active duty and would count against the statutory 
        limit applicable to that armed force under subsection 
        (a), the action shall not take effect until after the 
        end of the 60-calendar day period beginning on the date 
        on which the Secretary provides notice of the proposed 
        action, including the rationale for the action, to the 
        Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the 
        House of Representatives.
            ``(2) Baseline defined.--In paragraph (1), the term 
        `baseline' for an armed force means the lower of--
                    ``(A) the statutory limit of general 
                officers or flag officers of that armed force 
                under subsection (a); or
                    ``(B) the actual number of general officers 
                or flag officers of that armed force who, as of 
                January 1, 2023, counted toward the statutory 
                limit of general officers or flag officers of 
                that armed force under subsection (a).
    ``(g) Joint Duty Assignment Baseline.--
            ``(1) Notice and wait requirement.--If the 
        Secretary of Defense, the Secretary of a military 
        department, or the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of 
        Staff proposes an action that would increase above the 
        baseline the number of general officers and flag 
        officers of the armed forces in joint duty assignments 
        who count against the statutory limit under subsection 
        (b)(1), the action shall not take effect until after 
        the end of the 60-calendar day period beginning on the 
        date on which such Secretary or the Chairman, as the 
        case may be, provides notice of the proposed action, 
        including the rationale for the action, to the 
        Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the 
        House of Representatives.
            ``(2) Baseline defined.--In paragraph (1), the term 
        `baseline' means the lower of--
                    ``(A) the statutory limit on general 
                officer and flag officer positions that are 
                joint duty assignments under subsection (b)(1); 
                or
                    ``(B) the actual number of general officers 
                and flag officers who, as of January 1, 2023, 
                were in joint duty assignments counted toward 
                the statutory limit under subsection (b)(1).
    ``(h) Annual Report.--Not later than March 1 each year, the 
Secretary of Defense shall submit to the Committees on Armed 
Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives a 
report specifying the following:
            ``(1) The numbers of general officers and flag 
        officers who, as of January 1 of the calendar year in 
        which the report is submitted, counted toward the 
        service-specific limits of subsection (a).
            ``(2) The number of general officers and flag 
        officers in joint duty assignments who, as of such 
        January 1, counted toward the statutory limit under 
        subsection (b)(1).''.
            (2) Conforming amendment.--Section 526 of title 10, 
        United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the 
        following new subsection:
    ``(k) Cessation of Applicability.--The provisions of this 
section shall not apply to number of general officers and flag 
officers in the armed forces after December 31, 2022. For 
provisions applicable to the number of such officers after that 
date, see section 526a of this title.''.
            (3) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at 
        the beginning of chapter 32 of title 10, United States 
        Code, is amended by inserting after the item relating 
        to section 526 the following new item:

``526a. Authorized strength after December 31, 2022: general officers 
          and flag officers on active duty.''.

SEC. 502. REPEAL OF STATUTORY SPECIFICATION OF GENERAL OR FLAG OFFICER 
                    GRADE FOR VARIOUS POSITIONS IN THE ARMED FORCES.

    (a) Assistants to CJCS for NG Matters and Reserve 
Matters.--
            (1) In general.--Section 155a of title 10, United 
        States Code, is repealed.
            (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at 
        the beginning of chapter 5 of such title is amended by 
        striking the item relating to section 155a.
    (b) Legal Counsel to CJCS.--Section 156 of title 10, United 
States Code, is amended--
            (1) by striking subsection (c); and
            (2) by redesignating subsection (d) as subsection 
        (c).
    (c) Director of Test Resource Management Center.--Section 
196(b)(1) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
striking the second and third sentences.
    (d) Director of Missile Defense Agency.--
            (1) In general.--Section 203 of title 10, United 
        States Code, is repealed.
            (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at 
        the beginning of chapter 8 of such title is amended by 
        striking the item relating to section 203.
    (e) Joint 4-Star Positions.--Section 604(b) of title 10, 
United States Code, is amended by striking paragraph (3).
    (f) Senior Members of Military Staff Committee of UN.--
Section 711 of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
striking the second sentence.
    (g) Chief of Staff to President.--
            (1) In general.--Section 720 of title 10, United 
        States Code, is repealed.
            (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at 
        the beginning of chapter 41 of such title is amended by 
        striking the item relating to section 720.
    (h) Attending Physician to Congress.--
            (1) In general.--Section 722 of title 10, United 
        States Code, is repealed.
            (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at 
        the beginning of chapter 41 of such title is amended by 
        striking the item relating to section 722.
    (i) Physician to White House.--
            (1) In general.--Section 744 of title 10, United 
        States Code, is repealed.
            (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at 
        the beginning of chapter 43 of such title is amended by 
        striking the item relating to section 744.
    (j) Chief of Legislative Liaison of the Army.--Section 
3023(a) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by striking 
the second sentence.
    (k) Chiefs of Branches of the Army.--Section 3036(b) of 
title 10, United States Code, is amended in the flush matter 
following paragraph (2)--
            (1) by striking the first sentence; and
            (2) in the second sentence, by striking ``, and 
        while so serving, has the grade of lieutenant 
        general''.
    (l) Judge Advocate General of the Army.--Section 3037(a) of 
title 10, United States Code, is amended by striking the last 
two sentences.
    (m) Chief of Army Reserve.--Section 3038(c) of title 10, 
United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in the subsection heading, by striking ``; 
        Grade'';
            (2) by striking ``(1)''; and
            (3) by striking paragraph (2).
    (n) Deputy and Assistant Chiefs of Branches of the Army.--
            (1) In general.--Section 3039 of title 10, United 
        States Code, is repealed.
            (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at 
        the beginning of chapter 305 of such title is amended 
        by striking the item relating to section 3039.
    (o) Chief of Army Nurse Corps.--Section 3069(b) of title 
10, United States Code, is amended by striking the second 
sentence.
    (p) Assistant Chiefs of Army Medical Specialist Corps.--
            (1) In general.--Section 3070 of title 10, United 
        States Code, is amended--
                    (A) in subsection (a), by striking ``and 
                assistant chiefs'';
                    (B) by striking subsection (c); and
                    (C) by redesignating subsection (d) as 
                subsection (c).
            (2) Conforming amendment.--The heading of such 
        section is amended to read as follows:

``Sec. 3070. Army Medical Specialist Corps: organization; Chief''.

            (3) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at 
        the beginning of chapter 307 of such title is amended 
        by striking the item relating to section 3070 and 
        inserting the following new item:

``3070. Army Medical Specialist Corps: organization; Chief.''.
    (q) Judge Advocate General's Corps of the Army.--Section 
3072 of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) by striking paragraph (3); and
            (2) by redesignating paragraphs (4) and (5) as 
        paragraphs (3) and (4), respectively.
    (r) Chief of Veterinary Corps of the Army.--
            (1) In general.--Section 3084 of title 10, United 
        States Code, is amended by striking the second 
        sentence.
            (2) Conforming amendment.--The heading of such 
        section is amended to read as follows:

``Sec. 3084. Chief of Veterinary Corps''.

            (3) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at 
        the beginning of chapter 307 of such title is amended 
        by striking the item relating to section 3084 and 
        inserting the following new item:

``3084. Chief of Veterinary Corps.''.
    (s) Army Aides.--
            (1) In general.--Section 3543 of title 10, United 
        States Code, is repealed.
            (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at 
        the beginning of chapter 343 of such title is amended 
        by striking the item relating to section 3543.
    (t) Principal Military Deputy to Assistant Secretary of the 
Navy for RD&A.--Section; 5016(b)(4)(B) of title 10, United 
States Code, is amended by striking ``a vice admiral of the 
Navy or a lieutenant general of the Marine Corps'' and 
inserting ``an officer of the Navy or the Marine Corps''.
    (u) Chief of Naval Research.--Section 5022 of title 10, 
United States Code, is amended--
            (1) by striking ``(1)''; and
            (2) by striking paragraph (2).
    (v) Chief of Legislative Affairs of the Navy.--Section 
5027(a) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by striking 
the second sentence.
    (w) Director for Expeditionary Warfare.--Section 5038 of 
title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) by striking subsection (b); and
            (2) by redesignating subsections (c) and (d) as 
        subsections (b) and (c), respectively.
    (x) SJA to Commandant of the Marine Corps.--Section 5046(a) 
of title 10, United States Code, is amended by striking the 
last sentence.
    (y) Legislative Assistant to Commandant of the Marine 
Corps.--Section 5047 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended by striking the second sentence.
    (z) Bureau Chiefs of the Navy.--
            (1) In general.--Section 5133 of title 10, United 
        States Code, is repealed.
            (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at 
        the beginning of chapter 513 of such title is amended 
        by striking the item relating to section 5133.
    (aa) Chief of Dental Corps of the Navy.--Section 5138 of 
title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a), by striking ``not below the 
        grade of rear admiral (lower half)''; and
            (2) in subsection (c), by striking the first 
        sentence.
    (bb) Bureau of Naval Personnel.--
            (1) In general.--Section 5141 of title 10, United 
        States Code, is amended--
                    (A) in subsection (a), by striking the 
                first sentence; and
                    (B) in subsection (b), by striking the 
                first sentence.
            (2) Conforming amendment.--The heading of such 
        section is amended to read as follows:

``Sec. 5141. Chief of Naval Personnel; Deputy Chief of Naval 
                    Personnel''.

            (3) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at 
        the beginning of chapter 513 of such title is amended 
        by striking the item relating to section 5141 and 
        inserting the following new item:

``5141. Chief of Naval Personnel; Deputy Chief of Naval Personnel.''.
    (cc) Chief of Chaplains of the Navy.--Section 5142 of title 
10, United States Code, is amended by striking subsection (e).
    (dd) Chief of Navy Reserve.--Section 5143(c) of title 10, 
United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in the subsection heading, by striking ``; 
        Grade'';
            (2) by striking ``(1)''; and
            (3) by striking paragraph (2).
    (ee) Commander, Marine Forces Reserve.--Section 5144(c) of 
title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in the subsection heading, by striking ``; 
        Grade'';
            (2) by striking ``(1)''; and
            (3) by striking paragraph (2).
    (ff) Judge Advocate General of the Navy.--Section 5148(b) 
of title 10, United States Code, is amended by striking the 
last sentence.
    (gg) Deputy and Assistant Judge Advocates General of the 
Navy.--Section 5149 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)(1)--
                    (A) in the first sentence, by striking ``, 
                by and with the advice and consent of the 
                Senate,''; and
                    (B) by striking the second sentence; and
            (2) in each of subsections (b) and (c), by striking 
        the second and last sentences.
    (hh) Chiefs of Staff Corps of the Navy.--Section 5150 of 
title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in subsection (b)(2), by striking ``Subject to 
        subsection (c), the Secretary'' and inserting ``The 
        Secretary''; and
            (2) by striking subsection (c).
    (ii) Principal Military Deputy to Assistant Secretary of 
the Air Force for Acquisition.--Section 8016(b)(4)(B) of title 
10, United States Code, is amended by striking ``a lieutenant 
general'' and inserting ``an officer''.
    (jj) Chief of Legislative Liaison of the Air Force.--
Section 8023(a) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
striking the second sentence.
    (kk) Judge Advocate General and Deputy Judge Advocate 
General of the Air Force.--Section 8037 of title 10, United 
States Code, is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a), by striking the last 
        sentence; and
            (2) in subsection (d)(1), by striking the last 
        sentence.
    (ll) Chief of the Air Force Reserve.--Section 8038(c) of 
title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in the subsection heading, by striking ``; 
        Grade'';
            (2) by striking ``(1)''; and
            (3) by striking paragraph (2).
    (mm) Chief of Chaplains of the Air Force.--Section 8039 of 
title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)(1)--
                    (A) by striking subparagraph (A); and
                    (B) by redesignating subparagraphs (B) and 
                (C) as subparagraphs (A) and (B), respectively; 
                and
            (2) by striking subsection (c).
    (nn) Chief of Air Force Nurses.--
            (1) In general.--Section 8069 of title 10, United 
        States Code, is amended--
                    (A) in subsection (a)--
                            (i) in the subsection heading, by 
                        striking ``Positions of Chief and 
                        Assistant Chief'' and inserting 
                        ``Position of Chief''; and
                            (ii) by striking ``and assistant 
                        chief'';
                    (B) in subsection (b), by striking the 
                second sentence; and
                    (C) by striking subsection (c).
            (2) Conforming amendment.--The heading of such 
        section is amended to read as follows:

``Sec. 8069. Air Force nurses: Chief; appointment''.

            (3) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at 
        the beginning of chapter 807 of such title is amended 
        by striking the item relating to section 8069 and 
        inserting the following new item:

``8069. Air Force nurses: Chief; appointment.''.
    (oo) Assistant Surgeon General for Dental Services of the 
Air Force.--Section 8081 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended by striking the second sentence.
    (pp) Air Force Aides.--
            (1) In general.--Section 8543 of title 10, United 
        States Code, is repealed.
            (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at 
        the beginning of chapter 843 of such title is amended 
        by striking the item relating to section 8543.
    (qq) Dean of Faculty of the Air Force Academy.--Section 
9335(b) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by striking 
the first and third sentences.
    (rr) Vice Chief of the National Guard Bureau.--Section 
10505(a) of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)(1)--
                    (A) in subparagraph (C), by adding ``and'' 
                at the end;
                    (B) in subparagraph (D), by striking ``; 
                and'' at the end and inserting a period; and
                    (C) by striking subparagraph (E); and
            (2) by striking subsection (c).
    (ss) Other Senior National Guard Bureau Officers.--Section 
10506(a)(1) of title 10, United States Code, is amended in each 
of subparagraphs (A) and (B)--
            (1) by striking ``general''; and
            (2) by striking ``, and shall hold the grade of 
        lieutenant general while so serving,''.

SEC. 503. NUMBER OF MARINE CORPS GENERAL OFFICERS.

    (a) Distribution of Commissioned Officers on Active Duty in 
General Officer and Flag Officer Grades.--Section 525(a)(4) of 
title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in subparagraph (B), by striking ``15'' and 
        inserting ``17''; and
            (2) in subparagraph (C), by striking ``23'' and 
        inserting ``22''.
    (b) General and Flag Officers on Active Duty.--Section 
526(a)(4) of such title is amended by striking ``61'' and 
inserting ``62''.
    (c) Deputy Commandants.--Section 5045 of such title is 
amended by striking ``six'' and inserting ``seven''.

SEC. 504. PROMOTION ELIGIBILITY PERIOD FOR OFFICERS WHOSE CONFIRMATION 
                    OF APPOINTMENT IS DELAYED DUE TO NONAVAILABILITY TO 
                    THE SENATE OF PROBATIVE INFORMATION UNDER CONTROL 
                    OF NON-DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE AGENCIES.

    Section 629(c) of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended--
            (1) by redesignating paragraph (3) as paragraph 
        (4); and
            (2) by inserting after paragraph (2) the following 
        new paragraph (3):
    ``(3) Paragraph (1) does not apply when the Senate is not 
able to obtain information necessary to give its advice and 
consent to the appointment concerned because that information 
is under the control of a department or agency of the Federal 
Government other than the Department of Defense.''.

SEC. 505. CONTINUATION OF CERTAIN OFFICERS ON ACTIVE DUTY WITHOUT 
                    REGARD TO REQUIREMENT FOR RETIREMENT FOR YEARS OF 
                    SERVICE.

    (a) Authority for Continuation on Active Duty.--
            (1) In general.--Subchapter IV of chapter 36 of 
        title 10, United States Code, is amended by inserting 
        after section 637 the following new section:

``Sec. 637a. Continuation on active duty: officers in certain military 
                    specialties and career tracks

    ``(a) In General.--The Secretary of the military department 
concerned may authorize an officer in a grade above grade O-4 
to remain on active duty after the date otherwise provided for 
the retirement of the officer in section 633, 634, 635, or 636 
of this title, as applicable, if the officer has a military 
occupational specialty, rating, or specialty code in a military 
specialty designated pursuant to subsection (b).
    ``(b) Military Specialties.--Each Secretary of a military 
department shall designate the military specialties in which a 
military occupational specialty, rating, or specialty code, as 
applicable, assigned to members of the armed forces under the 
jurisdiction of such Secretary authorizes the members to be 
eligible for continuation on active duty as provided in 
subsection (a).
    ``(c) Duration of Continuation.--An officer continued on 
active duty pursuant to this section shall, if not earlier 
retired, be retired on the first day of the month after the 
month in which the officer completes 40 years of active 
service.
    ``(d) Regulations.--The Secretaries of the military 
departments shall carry out this section in accordance with 
regulations prescribed by the Secretary of Defense. The 
regulations shall specify the criteria to be used by the 
Secretaries of the military departments in designating military 
specialities for purposes of subsection (b).''.
            (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at 
        the beginning of subchapter IV of chapter 36 of title 
        10, United States Code, is amended by inserting after 
        the item relating to section 637 the following new 
        item:

``637a. Continuation on active duty: officers in certain military 
          specialties and career tracks.''.
    (b) Conforming Amendments.--The following provisions of 
title 10, United States Code, are amended by inserting ``or 
637a'' after ``637(b)'':
            (1) Section 633(a).
            (2) Section 634(a).
            (3) Section 635.
            (4) Section 636(a).

SEC. 506. EQUAL CONSIDERATION OF OFFICERS FOR EARLY RETIREMENT OR 
                    DISCHARGE.

    Section 638a of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in subsection (b), by adding at the end the 
        following new paragraph:
            ``(4) Convening selection boards under section 
        611(b) of this title to consider for early retirement 
        or discharge regular officers on the active-duty list 
        in a grade below lieutenant colonel or commander--
                    ``(A) who have served at least one year of 
                active duty in the grade currently held; and
                    ``(B) whose names are not on a list of 
                officers recommended for promotion.'';
            (2) by redesignating subsection (e) as subsection 
        (f); and
            (3) by inserting after subsection (d) the following 
        new subsection (e):
    ``(e)(1) In the case of action under subsection (b)(4), the 
Secretary of the military department concerned shall specify 
the total number of officers described in that subsection that 
a selection board convened under section 611(b) of this title 
pursuant to the authority of that subsection may recommend for 
early retirement or discharge. Officers who are eligible, or 
are within two years of becoming eligible, to be retired under 
any provision of law (other than by reason of eligibility 
pursuant to section 4403 of the National Defense Authorization 
Act for Fiscal Year 1993 (Public Law 102-484)), if selected by 
the board, shall be retired or retained until becoming eligible 
to retire under section 3911, 6323, or 8911 of this title, and 
those officers who are otherwise ineligible to retire under any 
provision of law shall, if selected by the board, be 
discharged.
    ``(2) In the case of action under subsection (b)(4), the 
Secretary of the military department concerned may submit to a 
selection board convened pursuant to that subsection--
            ``(A) the names of all eligible officers described 
        in that subsection, whether or not they are eligible to 
        be retired under any provision of law, in a particular 
        grade and competitive category; or
            ``(B) the names of all eligible officers described 
        in that subsection in a particular grade and 
        competitive category, whether or not they are eligible 
        to be retired under any provision of law, who are also 
        in particular year groups, specialties, or retirement 
        categories, or any combination thereof, with that 
        competitive category.
    ``(3) The number of officers specified under paragraph (1) 
may not be more than 30 percent of the number of officers 
considered.
    ``(4) An officer who is recommended for discharge by a 
selection board convened pursuant to the authority of 
subsection (b)(4) and whose discharge is approved by the 
Secretary concerned shall be discharged on a date specified by 
the Secretary concerned.
    ``(5) Selection of officers for discharge under this 
subsection shall be based on the needs of the service.''.

SEC. 507. MODIFICATION OF AUTHORITY TO DROP FROM ROLLS A COMMISSIONED 
                    OFFICER.

     Section 1161(b) of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended by inserting ``or the Secretary of Defense, or in the 
case of a commissioned officer of the Coast Guard, the 
Secretary of the department in which the Coast Guard is 
operating when it is not operating in the Navy,'' after 
``President''.

SEC. 508. EXTENSION OF FORCE MANAGEMENT AUTHORITIES ALLOWING ENHANCED 
                    FLEXIBILITY FOR OFFICER PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT.

    (a) Temporary Early Retirement Authority.--Section 4403(i) 
of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1993 
(10 U.S.C. 1293 note) is amended by striking ``December 31, 
2018'' and inserting ``December 31, 2025''.
    (b) Continuation on Active Duty.--Section 638a(a)(2) of 
title 10, United States Code, is amended by striking ``December 
31, 2018'' and inserting ``December 31, 2025''.
    (c) Voluntary Separation Pay.--Section 1175a(k)(1) of such 
title is amended by striking ``December 31, 2018'' and 
inserting ``December 31, 2025''.
    (d) Service-in-Grade Waivers.--Section 1370(a)(2)(F) of 
such title is amended by striking ``2018'' and inserting 
``2025''.

SEC. 509. PILOT PROGRAMS ON DIRECT COMMISSIONS TO CYBER POSITIONS.

    (a) Pilot Programs Authorized.--Each Secretary of a 
military department may carry out a pilot program to improve 
the ability of an Armed Force under the jurisdiction of the 
Secretary to recruit cyber professionals.
    (b) Elements.--Under a pilot program established under this 
section, an individual who meets educational, physical, and 
other requirements determined appropriate by the Secretary of 
the military department concerned may receive an original 
appointment as a commissioned officer in a cyber specialty.
    (c) Consultation.--In developing a pilot program for the 
Army or the Air Force under this section, the Secretary of the 
Army and the Secretary of the Air Force may consult with the 
Secretary of the Navy with respect to an existing, similar 
program carried out by the Secretary of the Navy.
    (d) Duration.--
            (1) Commencement.--The Secretary of a military 
        department may commence a pilot program under this 
        section on or after January 1, 2017.
            (2) Termination.--All pilot programs under this 
        section shall terminate no later than December 31, 
        2022.
    (e) Status Report.--Not later than January 1, 2020, each 
Secretary of a military department who conducts a pilot program 
under this section shall submit to the Committees on Armed 
Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives a 
report containing an evaluation of the success of the program 
in obtaining skilled cyber personnel for the Armed Forces.

SEC. 510. LENGTH OF JOINT DUTY ASSIGNMENTS.

    (a) In General.--Subsection (a) of section 664 of title 10, 
United States Code, is amended by striking ``assignment--'' and 
all that follows and inserting ``assignment shall be not less 
than two years.''.
    (b) Repeal of Authority for Shorter Length for Officers 
Initially Assigned to Critical Occupational Specialties.--Such 
section is further amended by striking subsection (c).
    (c) Exclusions From Tour Length.--Subsection (d) of such 
section is amended--
            (1) in the matter preceding paragraph (1), by 
        striking ``the standards prescribed in subsection (a)'' 
        and inserting ``the requirement in subsection (a)'';
            (2) in paragraph (1)(D), by striking ``assignment--
        '' and all that follows and inserting ``assignment as 
        prescribed by the Secretary of Defense in 
        regulations.'';
            (3) by striking paragraph (2);
            (4) by redesignating paragraph (3) as paragraph 
        (2); and
            (5) in paragraph (2), as redesignated by paragraph 
        (4) of this subsection, by striking ``the applicable 
        standard prescribed in subsection (a)'' and inserting 
        ``the requirement in subsection (a)''.
    (d) Repeal of Average Tour Length Requirements.--Such 
section is further amended by striking subsection (e).
    (e) Full Tour of Duty.--Subsection (f) of such section is 
amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1), by striking ``standards 
        prescribed in subsection (a)'' and inserting ``the 
        requirement in subsection (a)'';
            (2) by striking paragraphs (2) and (4);
            (3) by redesignating paragraphs (3), (5), and (6) 
        as paragraphs (2), (3), and (4), respectively; and
            (4) in paragraph (4), as redesignated by paragraph 
        (3) of this subsection, by striking ``, but not less 
        than two years''.
    (f) Constructive Credit.--Subsection (h) of such section is 
amended--
            (1) by striking ``(1)'';
            (2) by striking ``accord'' and inserting ``award''; 
        and
            (3) by striking paragraph (2).
    (g) Conforming Amendments.--Such section is further 
amended--
            (1) by redesignating subsections (d), (f), (g), and 
        (h), as amended by this section, as subsections (c), 
        (d), (e), and (f), respectively;
            (2) in paragraph (2) of subsection (c), as so 
        redesignated and amended, by striking ``subsection 
        (f)(3)'' and inserting ``subsection (d)(2)''.
            (3) paragraph (2) of subsection (d), as so 
        redesignated and amended, by striking ``subsection 
        (g)'' and inserting ``subsection (e)'';
            (4) in subsection (e), as so redesignated and 
        amended, by striking ``subsection (f)(3)'' and 
        inserting ``subsection (d)(2)''; and
            (5) in subsection (f), as so redesignated and 
        amended, by striking ``paragraphs (1), (2), and (4) of 
        subsection (f)'' and inserting ``subsection (d)(1)''.

SEC. 510A. REVISION OF DEFINITIONS USED FOR JOINT OFFICER MANAGEMENT.

    (a) Definition of Joint Matters.--Paragraph (1) of section 
668(a) of title 10, United States Code, is amended to read as 
follows:
    ``(1) In this chapter, the term `joint matters' means 
matters related to any of the following:
            ``(A) The development or achievement of strategic 
        objectives through the synchronization, coordination, 
        and organization of integrated forces in operations 
        conducted across domains, such as land, sea, or air, in 
        space, or in the information environment, including 
        matters relating to any of the following:
                    ``(i) National military strategy.
                    ``(ii) Strategic planning and contingency 
                planning.
                    ``(iii) Command and control, intelligence, 
                fires, movement and maneuver, protection or 
                sustainment of operations under unified 
                command.
                    ``(iv) National security planning with 
                other departments and agencies of the United 
                States.
                    ``(v) Combined operations with military 
                forces of allied nations.
            ``(B) Acquisition matters conducted by members of 
        the armed forces and covered under chapter 87 of this 
        title involved in developing, testing, contracting, 
        producing, or fielding of multi-service programs or 
        systems.
            ``(C) Other matters designated in regulation by the 
        Secretary of Defense in consultation with the Chairman 
        of the Joint Chiefs of Staff.''.
    (b) Definition of Integrated Forces.--Section 668(a)(2) of 
title 10, United States Code, is amended in the matter 
preceding subparagraph (A)--
            (1) by striking ``integrated military forces'' and 
        inserting ``integrated forces''; and
            (2) by striking ``the planning or execution (or 
        both) of operations involving'' and inserting 
        ``achieving unified action with''.
    (c) Definition of Joint Duty Assignment.--Section 668(b)(1) 
of title 10, United States Code, is amended by striking 
subparagraph (A) and inserting the following new subparagraph:
            ``(A) shall be limited to assignments in which--
                    ``(i) the preponderance of the duties of 
                the officer involve joint matters and
                    ``(ii) the officer gains significant 
                experience in joint matters; and''.
    (d) Repeal of Definition of Critical Occupational 
Speciality.--Section 668 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended by striking subsection (d).

                Subtitle B--Reserve Component Management

SEC. 511. AUTHORITY FOR TEMPORARY WAIVER OF LIMITATION ON TERM OF 
                    SERVICE OF VICE CHIEF OF THE NATIONAL GUARD BUREAU.

    Section 10505(a)(4) of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended by striking ``paragraph (3)(B) for a limited period of 
time'' and inserting ``paragraph (3) for not more than 90 
days''.

SEC. 512. RIGHTS AND PROTECTIONS AVAILABLE TO MILITARY TECHNICIANS.

    (a) In General.--Section 709 of title 32, United States 
Code, is amended--
            (1) in subsection (f)--
                    (A) in paragraph (4), by striking ``; and'' 
                and inserting ``when the appeal concerns 
                activity occurring while the member is in a 
                military pay status, or concerns fitness for 
                duty in the reserve components;'';
                    (B) by redesignating paragraph (5) as 
                paragraph (6); and
                    (C) by inserting after paragraph (4) the 
                following new paragraph (5):
            ``(5) with respect to an appeal concerning any 
        activity not covered by paragraph (4), the provisions 
        of sections 7511, 7512, and 7513 of title 5, and 
        section 717 of the Civil Rights Act of 1991 (42 U.S.C. 
        2000e-16) shall apply; and''; and
            (2) in subsection (g), by striking ``Sections'' and 
        inserting ``Except as provided in subsection (f), 
        sections''.
    (b) Definitions.--Section 709 of title 32, United States 
Code, is further amended by adding at the end the following new 
subsection:
    ``(j) In this section:
            ``(1) The term `military pay status' means a period 
        of service where the amount of pay payable to a 
        technician for that service is based on rates of 
        military pay provided for under title 37.
            ``(2) The term `fitness for duty in the reserve 
        components' refers only to military-unique service 
        requirements that attend to military service generally, 
        including service in the reserve components or service 
        on active duty.''.
    (c) Conforming Amendment.--Section 7511 of title 5, United 
States Code, is amended by striking paragraph (5).

SEC. 513. INAPPLICABILITY OF CERTAIN LAWS TO NATIONAL GUARD TECHNICIANS 
                    PERFORMING ACTIVE GUARD AND RESERVE DUTY.

    Section 709(g) of title 32, United States Code, as amended 
by section 512(a)(2), is further amended--
            (1) by inserting ``(1)'' after ``(g)''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following new 
        paragraph:
    ``(2) In addition to the sections referred to in paragraph 
(1), section 6323(a)(1) of title 5 also does not apply to a 
person employed under this section who is performing active 
Guard and Reserve duty (as that term is defined in section 
101(d)(6) of title 10).''.

SEC. 514. EXTENSION OF REMOVAL OF RESTRICTIONS ON THE TRANSFER OF 
                    OFFICERS BETWEEN THE ACTIVE AND INACTIVE NATIONAL 
                    GUARD.

    Section 512 of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
Fiscal Year 2014 (Public Law 113-66; 127 Stat. 752; 32 U.S.C. 
prec. 301 note) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a) in the matter preceding 
        paragraph (1), by striking ``December 31, 2016'' and 
        inserting ``December 31, 2019''; and
            (2) in subsection (b) in the matter preceding 
        paragraph (1), by striking ``December 31, 2016'' and 
        inserting ``December 31, 2019''.

SEC. 515. EXTENSION OF TEMPORARY AUTHORITY TO USE AIR FORCE RESERVE 
                    COMPONENT PERSONNEL TO PROVIDE TRAINING AND 
                    INSTRUCTION REGARDING PILOT TRAINING.

     Section 514(a)(1) of the National Defense Authorization 
Act for Fiscal Year 2016 (Public Law 114-92; 129 Stat. 810) is 
amended by inserting ``and fiscal year 2017'' after ``During 
fiscal year 2016''.

SEC. 516. EXPANSION OF ELIGIBILITY FOR DEPUTY COMMANDER OF COMBATANT 
                    COMMAND HAVING UNITED STATES AMONG GEOGRAPHIC AREA 
                    OF RESPONSIBILITY TO INCLUDE OFFICERS OF THE 
                    RESERVES.

    Section 164(e)(4) of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended--
            (1) by striking ``the National Guard'' and 
        inserting ``a reserve component of the armed forces''; 
        and
            (2) by striking ``a National Guard officer'' and 
        inserting ``a reserve component officer''.

                Subtitle C--General Service Authorities

SEC. 521. MATTERS RELATING TO PROVISION OF LEAVE FOR MEMBERS OF THE 
                    ARMED FORCES, INCLUDING PROHIBITION ON LEAVE NOT 
                    EXPRESSLY AUTHORIZED BY LAW.

    (a) Primary and Secondary Caregiver Leave.--Section 701 of 
title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) by striking subsections (i) and (j); and
            (2) by inserting after subsection (h) the following 
        new subsections (i) and (j):
    ``(i)(1)(A) Under regulations prescribed by the Secretary 
of Defense, a member of the armed forces described in paragraph 
(2) who is the primary caregiver in the case of the birth of a 
child is allowed up to twelve weeks of total leave, including 
up to six weeks of medical convalescent leave, to be used in 
connection with such birth.
    ``(B) Under the regulations prescribed for purposes of this 
subsection, a member of the armed forces described in paragraph 
(2) who is the primary caregiver in the case of the adoption of 
a child is allowed up to six weeks of total leave to be used in 
connection with such adoption.
    ``(2) Paragraph (1) applies to the following members:
            ``(A) A member on active duty.
            ``(B) A member of a reserve component performing 
        active Guard and Reserve duty.
            ``(C) A member of a reserve component subject to an 
        active duty recall or mobilization order in excess of 
        12 months.
    ``(3) The Secretary shall prescribe in the regulations 
referred to in paragraph (1) a definition of the term `primary 
caregiver' for purposes of this subsection.
    ``(4) Notwithstanding paragraph (1)(A), a member may 
receive more than six weeks of medical convalescent leave in 
connection with the birth of a child, but only if the 
additional medical convalescent leave--
            ``(A) is specifically recommended, in writing, by 
        the medical provider of the member to address a 
        diagnosed medical condition; and
            ``(B) is approved by the commander of the member.
    ``(5) Any leave taken by a member under this subsection, 
including leave under paragraphs (1) and (4), may be taken only 
in one increment in connection with such birth or adoption.
    ``(6)(A) Any leave authorized by this subsection that is 
not taken within one year of such birth or adoption shall be 
forfeited.
    ``(B) Any leave authorized by this subsection for a member 
of a reserve component on active duty that is not taken by the 
time the member is separated from active duty shall be 
forfeited at that time.
    ``(7) The period of active duty of a member of a reserve 
component may not be extended in order to permit the member to 
take leave authorized by this subsection.
    ``(8) Under the regulations prescribed for purposes of this 
subsection, a member taking leave under paragraph (1) may, as a 
condition for taking such leave, be required--
            ``(A) to accept an extension of the member's 
        current service obligation, if any, by one week for 
        every week of leave taken under paragraph (1); or
            ``(B) to incur a reduction in the member's leave 
        account by one week for every week of leave taken under 
        paragraph (1).
    ``(9)(A) Leave authorized by this subsection is in addition 
to any other leave provided under other provisions of this 
section.
    ``(B) Medical convalescent leave under paragraph (4) is in 
addition to any other leave provided under other provisions of 
this subsection.
    ``(10)(A) Subject to subparagraph (B), a member taking 
leave under paragraph (1) during a period of obligated service 
shall not be eligible for terminal leave, or to sell back 
leave, at the end such period of obligated service.
    ``(B) Under the regulations for purposes of this 
subsection, the Secretary concerned may waive, whether in whole 
or in part, the applicability of subparagraph (A) to a member 
who reenlists at the end of the member's period of obligated 
service described in that subparagraph if the Secretary 
determines that the waiver is in the interests of the armed 
force concerned.
    ``(j)(1) Under regulations prescribed by the Secretary of 
Defense, a member of the armed forces described in subsection 
(i)(2) who is the secondary caregiver in the case of the birth 
of a child or the adoption of a child is allowed up to 21 days 
of leave to be used in connection with such birth or adoption.
    ``(2) The Secretary shall prescribe in the regulations 
referred to in paragraph (1) a definition of the term 
`secondary caregiver' for purposes of this subsection.
    ``(3) Any leave taken by a member under this subsection may 
be taken only in one increment in connection with such birth or 
adoption.
    ``(4) Under the regulations prescribed for purposes of this 
subsection, paragraphs (6) through (10) of subsection (i) 
(other than paragraph (9)(B) of such subsection) shall apply to 
leave, and the taking of leave, authorized by this 
subsection.''.
    (b) Prohibition on Leave Not Expressly Authorized by Law.--
            (1) Prohibition.--Chapter 40 of title 10, United 
        States Code, is amended by inserting after section 704 
        the following new section:

``Sec. 704a. Administration of leave: prohibition on authorizing, 
                    granting, or assigning leave not expressly 
                    authorized by law

    ``No member or category of members of the armed forces may 
be authorized, granted, or assigned leave, including uncharged 
leave, not expressly authorized by a provision of this chapter 
or another statute unless expressly authorized by an Act of 
Congress enacted after the date of the enactment of the 
National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017.''.
            (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at 
        the beginning of chapter 40 of title 10, United States 
        Code, is amended by inserting after the item relating 
        to section 704 the following new item:

``704a. Administration of leave: prohibition on authorizing, granting, 
          or assigning leave not expressly authorized by law.''.

SEC. 522. TRANSFER OF PROVISION RELATING TO EXPENSES INCURRED IN 
                    CONNECTION WITH LEAVE CANCELED DUE TO CONTINGENCY 
                    OPERATIONS.

    (a) Enactment in Title 10, United States Code, of Authority 
for Reimbursement of Expenses.--Chapter 40 of title 10, United 
States Code, is amended by inserting after section 709 the 
following new section:

``Sec. 709a. Expenses incurred in connection with leave canceled due to 
                    contingency operations: reimbursement

    ``(a) Authorization To Reimburse.--The Secretary concerned 
may reimburse a member of the armed forces under the 
jurisdiction of the Secretary for travel and related expenses 
(to the extent not otherwise reimbursable under law) incurred 
by the member as a result of the cancellation of previously 
approved leave when--
            ``(1) the leave is canceled in connection with the 
        member's participation in a contingency operation; and
            ``(2) the cancellation occurs within 48 hours of 
        the time the leave would have commenced.
    ``(b) Regulations.--The Secretary of Defense and, in the 
case of the Coast Guard when it is not operating as a service 
in the Navy, the Secretary of Homeland Security shall prescribe 
regulations to establish the criteria for the applicability of 
subsection (a).
    ``(c) Conclusiveness of Settlement.--The settlement of an 
application for reimbursement under subsection (a) is final and 
conclusive.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the 
beginning of chapter 40 of such title is amended by inserting 
after the item relating to section 709 the following new item:

``709a. Expenses incurred in connection with leave canceled due to 
          contingency operations: reimbursement.''.
    (c) Repeal of Superseded Authority.--Section 453 of title 
37, United States Code, is amended by striking subsection (g).

SEC. 523. EXPANSION OF AUTHORITY TO EXECUTE CERTAIN MILITARY 
                    INSTRUMENTS.

    (a) Expansion of Authority To Execute Military Testamentary 
Instruments.--Section 1044d(c) of title 10, United States Code, 
is amended--
            (1) by striking paragraph (2) and inserting the 
        following:
            ``(2) the execution of the instrument is notarized 
        by--
                    ``(A) a military legal assistance counsel;
                    ``(B) a person who is authorized to act as 
                a notary under section 1044a of this title 
                who--
                            ``(i) is not an attorney; and
                            ``(ii) is supervised by a military 
                        legal assistance counsel; or
                    ``(C) a State-licensed notary employed by a 
                military department or the Coast Guard who is 
                supervised by a military legal assistance 
                counsel;''; and
            (2) in paragraph (3), by striking ``presiding 
        attorney'' and inserting ``person notarizing the 
        instrument in accordance with paragraph (2)''.
    (b) Expansion of Authority To Notarize Documents to 
Civilians Serving in Military Legal Assistance Offices.--
Section 1044a(b) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
adding at the end the following new paragraph:
            ``(6) All civilian paralegals serving at military 
        legal assistance offices, supervised by a military 
        legal assistance counsel (as defined in section 
        1044d(g) of this title).''.

SEC. 524. MEDICAL EXAMINATION BEFORE ADMINISTRATIVE SEPARATION FOR 
                    MEMBERS WITH POST-TRAUMATIC STRESS DISORDER OR 
                    TRAUMATIC BRAIN INJURY IN CONNECTION WITH SEXUAL 
                    ASSAULT.

    Section 1177(a)(1) of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended--
            (1) by inserting ``, or sexually assaulted,'' after 
        ``deployed overseas in support of a contingency 
        operation''; and
            (2) by inserting ``or based on such sexual 
        assault,'' after ``while deployed,''.

SEC. 525. REDUCTION OF TENURE ON THE TEMPORARY DISABILITY RETIRED LIST.

    (a) Reduction of Tenure.--Section 1210 of title 10, United 
States Code, is amended--
            (1) in subsection (b), by striking ``five years'' 
        and inserting ``three years''; and
            (2) in subsection (h), by striking ``five years'' 
        and inserting ``three years''.
    (b) Applicability.--The amendments made by subsection (a) 
shall take effect on January 1, 2017, and shall apply to 
members of the Armed Forces whose names are placed on the 
temporary disability retired list on or after that date.

SEC. 526. TECHNICAL CORRECTION TO VOLUNTARY SEPARATION PAY AND 
                    BENEFITS.

    Section 1175a(j) of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended--
            (1) in paragraph (2)--
                    (A) by striking ``or 12304'' and inserting 
                ``12304, 12304a, or 12304b''; and
                    (B) by striking ``502(f)(1)'' and inserting 
                ``502(f)(1)(A)''; and
            (2) in paragraph (3), by striking ``502(f)(2)'' and 
        inserting ``502(f)(1)(B)''.

SEC. 527. CONSOLIDATION OF ARMY MARKETING AND PILOT PROGRAM ON 
                    CONSOLIDATED ARMY RECRUITING.

    (a) Consolidation of Army Marketing.--Not later than 
October 1, 2017, the Secretary of the Army shall consolidate 
into a single organization within the Department of the Army 
all functions relating to the marketing of the Army and each of 
the components of the Army in order to assure unity of effort 
and cost effectiveness in the marketing of the Army and each of 
the components of the Army.
    (b) Pilot Program on Consolidated Army Recruiting.--
            (1) Pilot program required.--Not later than 180 
        days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the 
        Secretary of the Army shall carry out a pilot program 
        to consolidate the recruiting efforts of the Regular 
        Army, Army Reserve, and Army National Guard under which 
        a recruiter in one of the components participating in 
        the pilot program may recruit individuals to enlist in 
        any of the components regardless of the funding source 
        of the recruiting activity.
            (2) Credit toward enlistment goals.--Under the 
        pilot program, a recruiter shall receive credit toward 
        periodic enlistment goals for each enlistment 
        regardless of the component in which the individual 
        enlists.
            (3) Duration.--The Secretary shall carry out the 
        pilot program for a period of not less than three 
        years.
    (c) Briefing and Reports.--
            (1) Briefing on consolidation plan.--Not later than 
        March 1, 2017, the Secretary of the Army shall provide 
        to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and 
        the House of Representatives a briefing on the 
        Secretary's plan to carry out the Army marketing 
        consolidation required by subsection (a).
            (2) Interim report on pilot program.--
                    (A) In general.--Not later than one year 
                after the date on which the pilot program under 
                subsection (b) commences, the Secretary shall 
                submit to the congressional committees 
                specified in paragraph (1) a report on the 
                pilot program.
                    (B) Elements.--The report under 
                subparagraph (A) shall include each of the 
                following:
                            (i) An analysis of the effects that 
                        consolidated recruiting efforts has on 
                        the overall ability of recruiters to 
                        attract and place qualified candidates.
                            (ii) A determination of the extent 
                        to which consolidating recruiting 
                        efforts affects efficiency and 
                        recruiting costs.
                            (iii) An analysis of any challenges 
                        associated with a recruiter working to 
                        recruit individuals to enlist in a 
                        component in which the recruiter has 
                        not served.
                            (iv) An analysis of the 
                        satisfaction of recruiters and the 
                        component recruiting commands with the 
                        pilot program.
            (3) Final report on pilot program.--Not later than 
        180 days after the date on which the pilot program is 
        completed, the Secretary shall submit to the 
        congressional committees specified in paragraph (1) a 
        final report on the pilot program. The final report 
        shall include any recommendations of the Secretary with 
        respect to extending or making permanent the pilot 
        program and a description of any related legislative 
        actions that the Secretary considers appropriate.

Subtitle D--Member Whistleblower Protections and Correction of Military 
                                Records

SEC. 531. IMPROVEMENTS TO WHISTLEBLOWER PROTECTION PROCEDURES.

    (a) Actions Treatable as Prohibited Personnel Actions.--
Paragraph (2) of section 1034(b) of title 10, United States 
Code, is amended to read as follows:
    ``(2)(A) The actions considered for purposes of this 
section to be a personnel action prohibited by this subsection 
shall include any action prohibited by paragraph (1), including 
any of the following:
            ``(i) The threat to take any unfavorable action.
            ``(ii) The withholding, or threat to withhold, any 
        favorable action.
            ``(iii) The making of, or threat to make, a 
        significant change in the duties or responsibilities of 
        a member of the armed forces not commensurate with the 
        member's grade.
            ``(iv) The failure of a superior to respond to any 
        retaliatory action or harassment (of which the superior 
        had actual knowledge) taken by one or more subordinates 
        against a member.
            ``(v) The conducting of a retaliatory investigation 
        of a member.
    ``(B) In this paragraph, the term `retaliatory 
investigation' means an investigation requested, directed, 
initiated, or conducted for the primary purpose of punishing, 
harassing, or ostracizing a member of the armed forces for 
making a protected communication.
    ``(C) Nothing in this paragraph shall be construed to limit 
the ability of a commander to consult with a superior in the 
chain of command, an inspector general, or a judge advocate 
general on the disposition of a complaint against a member of 
the armed forces for an allegation of collateral misconduct or 
for a matter unrelated to a protected communication. Such 
consultation shall provide an affirmative defense against an 
allegation that a member requested, directed, initiated, or 
conducted a retaliatory investigation under this section.''.
    (b) Action in Response to Hardship in Connection With 
Personnel Actions.--Section 1034 of title 10, United States 
Code, is amended--
            (1) in subsection (c)(4)--
                    (A) by redesignating subparagraph (E) as 
                subparagraph (F); and
                    (B) by inserting after subparagraph (D) the 
                following new subparagraph (E):
    ``(E) If the Inspector General makes a preliminary 
determination in an investigation under subparagraph (D) that, 
more likely than not, a personnel action prohibited by 
subsection (b) has occurred and the personnel action will 
result in an immediate hardship to the member alleging the 
personnel action, the Inspector General shall promptly notify 
the Secretary of the military department concerned or the 
Secretary of Homeland Security, as applicable, of the hardship, 
and such Secretary shall take such action as such Secretary 
considers appropriate.''; and
            (2) in subsection (e)(1), by striking ``subsection 
        (c)(4)(E)'' and inserting ``subsection (c)(4)(F)''.
    (c) Periodic Notice to Members on Progress of Inspector 
General Investigations.--Paragraph (3) of section 1034(e) of 
title 10, United States Code, is amended to read as follows:
    ``(3)(A) Not later than 180 days after the commencement of 
an investigation of an allegation under subsection (c)(4), and 
every 180 days thereafter until the transmission of the report 
on the investigation under paragraph (1) to the member 
concerned, the Inspector General conducting the investigation 
shall submit a notice on the investigation described in 
subparagraph (B) to the following:
            ``(i) The member.
            ``(ii) The Secretary of Defense.
            ``(iii) The Secretary of the military department 
        concerned, or the Secretary of Homeland Security in the 
        case of a member of the Coast Guard when the Coast 
        Guard is not operating as a service in the Navy.
    ``(B) Each notice on an investigation under subparagraph 
(A) shall include the following:
            ``(i) A description of the current progress of the 
        investigation.
            ``(ii) An estimate of the time remaining until the 
        completion of the investigation and the transmittal of 
        the report required by paragraph (1) to the member 
        concerned.''.
    (d) Correction of Records.--Paragraph (2) of section 
1034(g) of title 10, United States Code, is amended to read as 
follows:
    ``(2) In resolving an application described in paragraph 
(1) for which there is a report of the Inspector General under 
subsection (e)(1), a correction board--
            ``(A) shall review the report of the Inspector 
        General;
            ``(B) may request the Inspector General to gather 
        further evidence;
            ``(C) may receive oral argument, examine and cross-
        examine witnesses, and take depositions; and
            ``(D) shall consider a request by a member or 
        former member in determining whether to hold an 
        evidentiary hearing.''.
    (e) Uniform Standards for Inspector General Investigations 
of Prohibited Personnel Actions and Other Matters.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than one year after the 
        date of the enactment of this Act, the Inspector 
        General of the Department of Defense shall prescribe 
        uniform standards for the following:
                    (A) The investigation of allegations of 
                prohibited personnel actions under section 1034 
                of title 10, United States Code (as amended by 
                this section), by the Inspector General and the 
                Inspectors General of the military departments.
                    (B) The training of the staffs of the 
                Inspectors General referred to in subparagraph 
                (A) on the conduct of investigations described 
                in that subparagraph.
            (2) Use.--Commencing 180 days after prescription of 
        the standards required by paragraph (1), the Inspectors 
        General referred to in that paragraph shall comply with 
        such standards in the conduct of investigations 
        described in that paragraph and in the training of the 
        staffs of such Inspectors General in the conduct of 
        such investigations.

SEC. 532. MODIFICATION OF WHISTLEBLOWER PROTECTION AUTHORITIES TO 
                    RESTRICT CONTRARY FINDINGS OF PROHIBITED PERSONNEL 
                    ACTION BY THE SECRETARY CONCERNED.

    (a) In General.--Section 1034(f) of title 10, United States 
Code, is amended--
            (1) in the subsection heading, by striking 
        ``Violations'' and inserting ``Substantiated 
        Violations''; and
            (2) in paragraph (1), by striking ``there is 
        sufficient basis'' and all that follows and inserting 
        ``corrective or disciplinary action should be taken. If 
        the Secretary concerned determines that corrective or 
        disciplinary action should be taken, the Secretary 
        shall take appropriate corrective or disciplinary 
        action.''.
    (b) Actions Following Determinations.--Paragraph (2) of 
such section is amended--
            (1) in the matter preceding subparagraph (A)--
                    (A) by striking ``the Secretary concerned 
                determines under paragraph (1)'' and inserting 
                ``the Inspector General determines''; and
                    (B) by striking ``the Secretary shall'' and 
                inserting ``the Secretary concerned shall'';
            (2) in subparagraph (A), by inserting ``, including 
        referring the report to the appropriate board for the 
        correction of military records'' before the semicolon; 
        and
            (3) by striking subparagraph (B) and inserting the 
        following new subparagraph (B):
            ``(B) submit to the Inspector General a report on 
        the actions taken by the Secretary pursuant to this 
        paragraph, and provide for the inclusion of a summary 
        of the report under this subparagraph (with any 
        personally identifiable information redacted) in the 
        semiannual report to Congress of the Inspector General 
        of the Department of Defense or the Inspector General 
        of the Department of Homeland Security, as applicable, 
        under section 5 of the Inspector General Act of 1978 (5 
        U.S.C. App.).''.
    (c) Effective Date.--The amendments made by this section 
shall take effect on the date of the enactment of this Act, and 
shall apply with respect to reports received by the Secretaries 
of the military departments and the Secretary of Homeland 
Security under section 1034(e) of title 10, United States Code, 
on or after that date.

SEC. 533. AVAILABILITY OF CERTAIN CORRECTION OF MILITARY RECORDS AND 
                    DISCHARGE REVIEW BOARD INFORMATION THROUGH THE 
                    INTERNET.

    (a) Board for the Correction of Military Records.--Section 
1552 of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) by redesignating subsection (h) as subsection 
        (i); and
            (2) by inserting after subsection (g) the following 
        new subsection (h):
    ``(h) Each board established under this section shall make 
available to the public each calender quarter, on an Internet 
website of the military department concerned or the Department 
of Homeland Security, as applicable, that is available to the 
public the following:
            ``(1) The number of claims considered by such board 
        during the calendar quarter preceding the calender 
        quarter in which such information is made available, 
        including cases in which a mental health condition of 
        the claimant, including post-traumatic stress disorder 
        or traumatic brain injury, is alleged to have 
        contributed, whether in whole or part, to the original 
        characterization of the discharge or release of the 
        claimant.
            ``(2) The number of claims submitted during the 
        calendar quarter preceding the calender quarter in 
        which such information is made available that relate to 
        service by a claimant during a war or contingency 
        operation, catalogued by each war or contingency 
        operation.
            ``(3) The number of military records corrected 
        pursuant to the consideration described in paragraph 
        (1) to upgrade the characterization of discharge or 
        release of claimants.''.
    (b) Discharge Review Board.--Section 1553 of title 10, 
United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the 
following new subsection:
    ``(f) Each board established under this section shall make 
available to the public each calender quarter, on an Internet 
website of the military department concerned or the Department 
of Homeland Security, as applicable, that is available to the 
public the following:
            ``(1) The number of motions or requests for review 
        considered by such board during the calendar quarter 
        preceding the calender quarter in which such 
        information is made available, including cases in which 
        a mental health condition of the former member, 
        including post-traumatic stress disorder or traumatic 
        brain injury, is alleged to have contributed, whether 
        in whole or part, to the original characterization of 
        the discharge or dismissal of the former member.
            ``(2) The number of claims submitted during the 
        calendar quarter preceding the calender quarter in 
        which such information is made available that relate to 
        service by a claimant during a war or contingency 
        operation, catalogued by each war or contingency 
        operation.
            ``(3) The number of discharges or dismissals 
        corrected pursuant to the consideration described in 
        paragraph (1) to upgrade the characterization of 
        discharge or dismissal of former members.''.

SEC. 534. IMPROVEMENTS TO AUTHORITIES AND PROCEDURES FOR THE CORRECTION 
                    OF MILITARY RECORDS.

    (a) Procedures of Boards.--Paragraph (3) of section 1552(a) 
of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) by inserting ``(A)'' after ``(3)''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following new 
        subparagraphs:
    ``(B) If a board makes a preliminary determination that a 
claim under this section lacks sufficient information or 
documents to support the claim, the board shall notify the 
claimant, in writing, indicating the specific information or 
documents necessary to make the claim complete and reviewable 
by the board.
    ``(C) If a claimant is unable to provide military personnel 
or medical records applicable to a claim under this section, 
the board shall make reasonable efforts to obtain the records. 
A claimant shall provide the board with documentary evidence of 
the efforts of the claimant to obtain such records. The board 
shall inform the claimant of the results of the board's 
efforts, and shall provide the claimant copies of any records 
so obtained upon request of the claimant.
    ``(D) Any request for reconsideration of a determination of 
a board under this section, no matter when filed, shall be 
reconsidered by a board under this section if supported by 
materials not previously presented to or considered by the 
board in making such determination.''.
    (b) Publication of Final Decisions of Boards.--Such section 
is further amended by adding at the end the following new 
paragraph:
    ``(5) Each final decision of a board under this subsection 
shall be made available to the public in electronic form on a 
centralized Internet website. In any decision so made available 
to the public there shall be redacted all personally 
identifiable information.''.
    (c) Training of Members of Boards.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than one year after the 
        date of the enactment of this Act, each Secretary 
        concerned shall develop and implement a comprehensive 
        training curriculum for members of boards for the 
        correction of military records under the jurisdiction 
        of such Secretary in the duties of such boards under 
        section 1552 of title 10, United States Code. The 
        curriculum shall address all areas of administrative 
        law applicable to the duties of such boards.
            (2) Uniform curricula.--The Secretary of Defense 
        and the Secretary of Homeland Security shall jointly 
        ensure that the curricula developed and implemented 
        pursuant to this subsection are, to the extent 
        practicable, uniform.
            (3) Training.--
                    (A) In general.--Each member of a board for 
                the correction of military records shall 
                undergo retraining (consistent with the 
                curriculum developed and implemented pursuant 
                to this subsection) regarding the duties of 
                boards for the correction of military records 
                under section 1552 of title 10, United States 
                Code, at least once every five years during the 
                member's tenure on the board.
                    (B) Current members.--Each member of a 
                board for the correction of military records as 
                of the date of the implementation of the 
                curriculum required by paragraph (1) (in this 
                paragraph referred to as the ``curriculum 
                implementation date'') shall undergo training 
                described in subparagraph (A) not later than 90 
                days after the curriculum implementation date.
                    (C) New members.--Each individual who 
                becomes a member of a board for the correction 
                of military records after the curriculum 
                implementation date shall undergo training 
                described in subparagraph (A) by not later than 
                90 days after the date on which such individual 
                becomes a member of the board.
            (4) Reports.--Not later than 18 months after the 
        date of the enactment of this Act, each Secretary 
        concerned shall submit to Congress a report setting 
        forth the following:
                    (A) A description and assessment of the 
                progress made by such Secretary in implementing 
                training requirements for members of boards for 
                the correction of military records under the 
                jurisdiction of such Secretary.
                    (B) A detailed description of the training 
                curriculum required of such Secretary by 
                paragraph (1).
                    (C) A description and assessment of any 
                impediments to the implementation of training 
                requirements for members of boards for the 
                correction of military records under the 
                jurisdiction of such Secretary.
            (5) Secretary concerned defined.--In this 
        subsection, the term ``Secretary concerned'' means a 
        ``Secretary concerned'' as that term is used in section 
        1552 of title 10, United States Code.

SEC. 535. TREATMENT BY DISCHARGE REVIEW BOARDS OF CLAIMS ASSERTING 
                    POST-TRAUMATIC STRESS DISORDER OR TRAUMATIC BRAIN 
                    INJURY IN CONNECTION WITH COMBAT OR SEXUAL TRAUMA 
                    AS A BASIS FOR REVIEW OF DISCHARGE.

    Section 1553(d) of title 10, United States Code, is amended 
by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
    ``(3)(A) In addition to the requirements of paragraphs (1) 
and (2), in the case of a former member described in 
subparagraph (B), the Board shall--
            ``(i) review medical evidence of the Secretary of 
        Veterans Affairs or a civilian health care provider 
        that is presented by the former member; and
            ``(ii) review the case with liberal consideration 
        to the former member that post-traumatic stress 
        disorder or traumatic brain injury potentially 
        contributed to the circumstances resulting in the 
        discharge of a lesser characterization.
    ``(B) A former member described in this subparagraph is a 
former member described in paragraph (1) or a former member 
whose application for relief is based in whole or in part on 
matters relating to post-traumatic stress disorder or traumatic 
brain injury as supporting rationale, or as justification for 
priority consideration, whose post-traumatic stress disorder or 
traumatic brain injury is related to combat or military sexual 
trauma, as determined by the Secretary concerned.''.

SEC. 536. COMPTROLLER GENERAL OF THE UNITED STATES REVIEW OF INTEGRITY 
                    OF DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE WHISTLEBLOWER PROGRAM.

    (a) Report Required.--Not later than 18 months after the 
date of the enactment of this Act, the Comptroller General of 
the United States shall submit to the Committees on Armed 
Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives a 
report setting forth a review of the integrity of the 
Department of Defense whistleblower program.
    (b) Elements.--The review for purposes of the report 
required by subsection (a) shall include the following 
elements:
            (1) An assessment of the extent to which the 
        Department of Defense whistleblower program meets 
        executive branch policies and goals for whistleblower 
        protections.
            (2) An assessment of the adequacy of procedures to 
        handle and address complaints submitted by employees in 
        the Office of the Inspector General of the Department 
        of Defense to ensure that such employees themselves are 
        able to disclose a suspected violation of law, rule, or 
        regulation without fear of reprisal.
            (3) An assessment of the extent to which there have 
        been violations of standards used in regard to the 
        protection of confidentiality provided to 
        whistleblowers by the Inspector General of the 
        Department of Defense.
            (4) An assessment of the extent to which there have 
        been incidents of retaliatory investigations against 
        whistleblowers within the Office of the Inspector 
        General.
            (5) An assessment of the extent to which the 
        Inspector General of the Department of Defense has 
        thoroughly investigated and substantiated allegations 
        within the past 10 years against civilian officials of 
        the Department of Defense appointed to their positions 
        by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, and 
        whether Congress has been notified of the results of 
        such investigations.
            (6) An assessment of the ability of the Inspector 
        General of the Department of Defense and the Inspectors 
        General of the military departments to access agency 
        information necessary to the execution of their duties, 
        including classified and other sensitive information, 
        and an assessment of the adequacy of security 
        procedures to safeguard such classified or sensitive 
        information when so accessed.

       Subtitle E--Military Justice and Legal Assistance Matters

SEC. 541. UNITED STATES COURT OF APPEALS FOR THE ARMED FORCES.

    (a) Clarification of Authority of Judges of the Court To 
Administer Oaths and Acknowledgments.--Subsection (c) of 
section 936 of title 10, United States Code (article 136 of the 
Uniform Code of Military Justice), is amended to read as 
follows:
    ``(c) Each judge and senior judge of the United States 
Court of Appeals for the Armed Forces shall have the powers 
relating to oaths, affirmations, and acknowledgments provided 
to justices and judges of the United States by section 459 of 
title 28.''.
    (b) Modification of Term of Judges of the Court to Restore 
Rotation of Judges.--
            (1) Early retirement authorized for one current 
        judge.--If the judge of the United States Court of 
        Appeals for the Armed Forces who is the junior in 
        seniority of the two judges of the court whose terms of 
        office under section 942(b)(2) of title 10, United 
        States Code (article 142(b)(2) of the Uniform Code of 
        Military Justice), expire on July 31, 2021, chooses to 
        retire one year early, that judge--
                    (A) may retire from service on the court 
                effective August 1, 2020; and
                    (B) shall be treated, upon such retirement, 
                for all purposes as having completed a term of 
                service for which the judge was appointed as a 
                judge of the court.
            (2) Staggering of future appointments.--Section 
        942(b)(2) of title 10, United States Code (article 
        142(b)(2) of the Uniform Code of Military Justice), is 
        amended--
                    (A) by inserting ``(A)'' after ``(2)'';
                    (B) by redesignating subparagraphs (A) and 
                (B) as clauses (i) and (ii), respectively; and
                    (C) by adding at the end the following new 
                subparagraph:
    ``(B) If at the time of the appointment of a judge the date 
that is otherwise applicable under subparagraph (A) for the 
expiration of the term of service of the judge is the same as 
the date for the expiration of the term of service of a judge 
already on the court, then the term of the judge being 
appointed shall expire on the first July 31 after such date on 
which no term of service of a judge already on the court will 
expire.''.
            (3) Application of amendments.--The amendments made 
        by paragraph (2) shall apply with respect to 
        appointments to the United States Court of Appeals for 
        the Armed Forces that are made on or after the date of 
        the enactment of this Act.
    (c) Repeal of Requirement Relating to Political Party 
Status of Judges of the Court.--Section 942(b)(3) of title 10, 
United States Code (article 142(b)(3) of the Uniform Code of 
Military Justice), is amended by striking ``Not more than three 
of the judges of the court may be appointed from the same 
political party, and no'' and by inserting ``No''.
    (d) Modification of Daily Rate of Compensation for Senior 
Judges Performing Judicial Duties With the Court.--Section 
942(e)(2) of title 10, United States Code (article 142(e)(2) of 
the Uniform Code of Military Justice), is amended by striking 
``equal to'' and all that follows and inserting ``equal to the 
difference between--
            ``(A) the daily equivalent of the annual rate of 
        pay provided for a judge of the court; and
            ``(B) the daily equivalent of the annuity of the 
        judge under section 945 of this title (article 145), 
        the applicable provisions of title 5, or any other 
        retirement system for employees of the Federal 
        Government under which the senior judge receives an 
        annuity.''.
    (e) Repeal of Dual Compensation Provision Relating to 
Judges of the Court.--Section 945 of title 10, United States 
Code (article 145 of the Uniform Code of Military Justice), is 
amended--
            (1) in subsection (d), by striking ``subsection 
        (g)(1)(B)'' and inserting ``subsection (f)(1)(B)'';
            (2) by striking subsection (f); and
            (3) by redesignating subsections (g), (h), and (i) 
        as subsections (f), (g), and (h), respectively.

SEC. 542. EFFECTIVE PROSECUTION AND DEFENSE IN COURTS-MARTIAL AND PILOT 
                    PROGRAMS ON PROFESSIONAL MILITARY JUSTICE 
                    DEVELOPMENT FOR JUDGE ADVOCATES.

    (a) Program for Effective Prosecution and Defense.--The 
Secretary concerned shall carry out a program to ensure that--
            (1) trial counsel and defense counsel detailed to 
        prosecute or defend a court-martial have sufficient 
        experience and knowledge to effectively prosecute or 
        defend the case; and
            (2) a deliberate professional developmental process 
        is in place to ensure effective prosecution and defense 
        in all courts-martial.
    (b) Military Justice Experience Designators or Skill 
Identifiers.--The Secretary concerned shall establish and use a 
system of military justice experience designators or skill 
identifiers for purposes of identifying judge advocates with 
skill and experience in military justice proceedings in order 
to ensure that judge advocates with experience and skills 
identified through such experience designators or skill 
identifiers are assigned to develop less experienced judge 
advocates in the prosecution and defense in courts-martial 
under a program carried out pursuant to subsection (a).
    (c) Pilot Programs on Professional Developmental Process 
for Judge Advocates.--
            (1) Purpose.--The Secretary concerned shall carry 
        out a pilot program to assess the feasibility and 
        advisability of establishing a deliberate professional 
        developmental process for judge advocates under the 
        jurisdiction of the Secretary that leads to judge 
        advocates with military justice expertise serving as 
        military justice practitioners capable of prosecuting 
        and defending complex cases in military courts-martial.
            (2) Additional matters.--A pilot program may also 
        assess such other matters related to professional 
        military justice development for judge advocates as the 
        Secretary concerned considers appropriate.
            (3) Duration.--Each pilot program shall be for a 
        period of five years.
            (4) Report.--Not later than four years after the 
        date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary 
        concerned shall submit to the Committees on Armed 
        Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives 
        a report on the pilot programs conducted under this 
        section. The report shall include the following:
                    (A) A description and assessment of each 
                pilot program.
                    (B) Such recommendations as the Secretary 
                considers appropriate in light of the pilot 
                programs, including whether any pilot program 
                should be extended or made permanent.
    (d) Secretary Concerned Defined.--In this section, the term 
``Secretary concerned'' has the meaning given that term in 
section 101(a)(9) of title 10, United States Code.

SEC. 543. INCLUSION IN ANNUAL REPORTS ON SEXUAL ASSAULT PREVENTION AND 
                    RESPONSE EFFORTS OF THE ARMED FORCES OF INFORMATION 
                    ON COMPLAINTS OF RETALIATION IN CONNECTION WITH 
                    REPORTS OF SEXUAL ASSAULT IN THE ARMED FORCES.

    Section 1631(b) of the Ike Skelton National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2011 (Public Law 111-383; 10 
U.S.C. 1561 note) is amended by adding at the end the following 
new paragraph:
            ``(12) Information on each claim of retaliation in 
        connection with a report of sexual assault in the Armed 
        Force made by or against a member of such Armed Force 
        as follows:
                    ``(A) A narrative description of each 
                complaint.
                    ``(B) The nature of such complaint, 
                including whether the complainant claims 
                professional or social retaliation.
                    ``(C) The gender of the complainant.
                    ``(D) The gender of the individual claimed 
                to have committed the retaliation.
                    ``(E) The nature of the relationship 
                between the complainant and the individual 
                claimed to have committed the retaliation.
                    ``(F) The nature of the relationship, if 
                any, between the individual alleged to have 
                committed the sexual assault concerned and the 
                individual claimed to have committed the 
                retaliation.
                    ``(G) The official or office that received 
                the complaint.
                    ``(H) The organization that investigated or 
                is investigating the complaint.
                    ``(I) The current status of the 
                investigation.
                    ``(J) If the investigation is complete, a 
                description of the results of the 
                investigation, including whether the results of 
                the investigation were provided to the 
                complainant.
                    ``(K) If the investigation determined that 
                retaliation occurred, whether the retaliation 
                was an offense under chapter 47 of title 10, 
                United States Code (the Uniform Code of 
                Military Justice).''.

SEC. 544. EXTENSION OF THE REQUIREMENT FOR ANNUAL REPORT REGARDING 
                    SEXUAL ASSAULTS AND COORDINATION WITH RELEASE OF 
                    FAMILY ADVOCACY PROGRAM REPORT.

    Section 1631 of the Ike Skelton National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2011 (Public Law 111-383; 124 
Stat. 4433; 10 U.S.C. 1561 note) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a), by striking ``March 1, 
        2017'' and inserting ``March 1, 2021''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following new 
        subsection:
    ``(g) Coordination of Release Date Between Annual Reports 
Regarding Sexual Assaults and Family Advocacy Report.--The 
Secretary of Defense shall ensure that the reports required 
under subsection (a) for a given year are delivered to the 
Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and House of 
Representatives simultaneously with the Family Advocacy Program 
report for that year regarding child abuse and domestic 
violence, as required by section 574 of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017.''.

SEC. 545. METRICS FOR EVALUATING THE EFFORTS OF THE ARMED FORCES TO 
                    PREVENT AND RESPOND TO RETALIATION IN CONNECTION 
                    WITH REPORTS OF SEXUAL ASSAULT IN THE ARMED FORCES.

    (a) Metrics Required.--The Sexual Assault Prevention and 
Response Office of the Department of Defense shall establish 
and issue to the military departments metrics to be used to 
evaluate the efforts of the Armed Forces to prevent and respond 
to retaliation in connection with reports of sexual assault in 
the Armed Forces.
    (b) Best Practices.--For purposes of enhancing and 
achieving uniformity in the efforts of the Armed Forces to 
prevent and respond to retaliation in connection with reports 
of sexual assault in the Armed Forces, the Sexual Assault 
Prevention and Response Office shall identify and issue to the 
military departments best practices to be used in the 
prevention of and response to retaliation in connection with 
such reports.

SEC. 546. TRAINING FOR DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE PERSONNEL WHO INVESTIGATE 
                    CLAIMS OF RETALIATION.

    (a) Training Regarding Nature and Consequences of 
Retaliation.--The Secretary of Defense shall ensure that the 
personnel of the Department of Defense specified in subsection 
(b) who investigate claims of retaliation receive training on 
the nature and consequences of retaliation, and, in cases 
involving reports of sexual assault, the nature and 
consequences of sexual assault trauma. The training shall 
include such elements as the Secretary shall specify for 
purposes of this section.
    (b) Covered Personnel.--The personnel of the Department of 
Defense covered by subsection (a) are the following:
            (1) Personnel of military criminal investigation 
        services.
            (2) Personnel of Inspectors General offices.
            (3) Personnel of any command of the Armed Forces 
        who are assignable by the commander of such command to 
        investigate claims of retaliation made by or against 
        members of such command.
    (c) Retaliation Defined.--In this section, the term 
``retaliation'' has the meaning given the term by the Secretary 
of Defense in the strategy required by section 539 of the 
National Defense Authorization Act of Fiscal Year 2016 (Public 
Law 114-92; 129 Stat. 818) or a subsequent meaning specified by 
the Secretary.

SEC. 547. NOTIFICATION TO COMPLAINANTS OF RESOLUTION OF INVESTIGATIONS 
                    INTO RETALIATION.

    (a) Notification Required.--
            (1) Members of the army, navy, air force, and 
        marine corps.--Under regulations prescribed by the 
        Secretary of Defense, upon the conclusion of an 
        investigation by an office, element, or personnel of 
        the Department of Defense or of the Armed Forces of a 
        complaint by a member of the Armed Forces of 
        retaliation, the member shall be informed in writing of 
        the results of the investigation, including whether the 
        complaint was substantiated, unsubstantiated, or 
        dismissed.
            (2) Members of coast guard.--The Secretary of 
        Homeland Security shall provide in a similar manner for 
        notification in writing of the results of 
        investigations by offices, elements, or personnel of 
        the Department of Homeland Security or of the Coast 
        Guard of complaints of retaliation made by members of 
        the Coast Guard when it is not operating as a service 
        in the Navy.
    (b) Retaliation Defined.--In this section, the term 
``retaliation'' has the meaning given the term by the Secretary 
of Defense in the strategy required by section 539 of the 
National Defense Authorization Act of Fiscal Year 2016 (Public 
Law 114-92; 129 Stat. 818) or a subsequent meaning specified by 
the Secretary.

SEC. 548. MODIFICATION OF DEFINITION OF SEXUAL HARASSMENT FOR PURPOSES 
                    OF INVESTIGATIONS BY COMMANDING OFFICERS OF 
                    COMPLAINTS OF HARASSMENT.

    (a) In General.--Section 1561(e) of title 10, United States 
Code, is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1)--
                    (A) in the matter preceding subparagraph 
                (A), by striking ``(constituting a form of sex 
                discrimination)''; and
                    (B) in subparagraph (B), by striking ``the 
                work environment'' and inserting ``the 
                environment''; and
            (2) in paragraph (3), by striking ``in the 
        workplace''.
    (b) Effective Date.--The amendments made by subsection (a) 
shall take effect on the date of the enactment of this Act, and 
shall apply with respect to complaints described in section 
1561 of title 10, United States Code, that are first received 
by a commanding officer or officer in charge on or after that 
date.

SEC. 549. IMPROVED DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE PREVENTION OF AND RESPONSE TO 
                    HAZING IN THE ARMED FORCES.

    (a) Anti-Hazing Database.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
provide for the establishment and use of a comprehensive and 
consistent data-collection system for the collection of 
reports, including anonymous reports, of incidents of hazing 
involving a member of the Armed Forces. The Secretary shall 
issue department-wide guidance regarding the availability and 
use of the database, including information on protected 
classes, such as race and religion, who are often the victims 
of hazing.
    (b) Improved Training.--Each Secretary of a military 
department, in consultation with the Chief of Staff of each 
Armed Force under the jurisdiction of such Secretary, shall 
seek to improve training to assist members of the Armed Forces 
better recognize, prevent, and respond to hazing at all command 
levels.
    (c) Annual Reports on Hazing.--
            (1) Report required.--Not later than January 31 of 
        each year through January 31, 2021, each Secretary of a 
        military department, in consultation with the Chief of 
        Staff of each Armed Force under the jurisdiction of 
        such Secretary, shall submit to the Committees on Armed 
        Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives 
        a report containing a description of efforts during the 
        previous year--
                    (A) to prevent and to respond to incidents 
                of hazing involving members of the Armed 
                Forces;
                    (B) to track and encourage reporting, 
                including reporting anonymously, incidents of 
                hazing in the Armed Force; and
                    (C) to ensure the consistent implementation 
                of anti-hazing policies.
            (2) Additional elements.--Each report required by 
        this subsection also shall address the same elements 
        originally addressed in the anti-hazing reports 
        required by section 534 of the National Defense 
        Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2013 (Public Law 112-
        239; 126 Stat. 1726).

   Subtitle F--National Commission on Military, National, and Public 
                                Service

SEC. 551. PURPOSE, SCOPE, AND DEFINITIONS.

    (a) Purpose.--The purpose of this subtitle is to establish 
the National Commission on Military, National, and Public 
Service to--
            (1) conduct a review of the military selective 
        service process (commonly referred to as ``the 
        draft''); and
            (2) consider methods to increase participation in 
        military, national, and public service in order to 
        address national security and other public service 
        needs of the Nation.
    (b) Scope of Review.--In order to provide the fullest 
understanding of the matters required under the review under 
subsection (a), the Commission shall consider--
            (1) the need for a military selective service 
        process, including the continuing need for a mechanism 
        to draft large numbers of replacement combat troops;
            (2) means by which to foster a greater attitude and 
        ethos of service among United States youth, including 
        an increased propensity for military service;
            (3) the feasibility and advisability of modifying 
        the military selective service process in order to 
        obtain for military, national, and public service 
        individuals with skills (such as medical, dental, and 
        nursing skills, language skills, cyber skills, and 
        science, technology, engineering, and mathematics 
        (STEM) skills) for which the Nation has a critical 
        need, without regard to age or sex; and
            (4) the feasibility and advisability of including 
        in the military selective service process, as so 
        modified, an eligibility or entitlement for the receipt 
        of one or more Federal benefits (such as educational 
        benefits, subsidized or secured student loans, grants 
        or hiring preferences) specified by the Commission for 
        purposes of the review.
    (c) Definitions.--In this subtitle:
            (1) The term ``military service'' means active 
        service (as that term is defined in subsection (d)(3) 
        of section 101 of title 10, United States Code) in one 
        of the uniformed services (as that term is defined in 
        subsection (a)(5) of such section).
            (2) The term ``national service'' means civilian 
        employment in Federal or State Government in a field in 
        which the Nation and the public have critical needs.
            (3) The term ``public service'' means civilian 
        employment in any non-governmental capacity, including 
        with private for-profit organizations and non-profit 
        organizations (including with appropriate faith-based 
        organizations), that pursues and enhances the common 
        good and meets the needs of communities, the States, or 
        the Nation in sectors related to security, health, care 
        for the elderly, and other areas considered appropriate 
        by the Commission for purposes of this subtitle.

SEC. 552. PRELIMINARY REPORT ON PURPOSE AND UTILITY OF REGISTRATION 
                    SYSTEM UNDER MILITARY SELECTIVE SERVICE ACT.

    (a) Report Required.--To assist the Commission in carrying 
out its duties under this subtitle, the Secretary of Defense 
shall--
            (1) submit, not later than July 1, 2017, to the 
        Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the 
        House of Representatives and to the Commission a report 
        on the current and future need for a centralized 
        registration system under the Military Selective 
        Service Act (50 U.S.C. 3801 et seq.); and
            (2) provide a briefing on the results of the 
        report.
    (b) Elements of Report.--The report required by subsection 
(a) shall include the following:
            (1) A detailed analysis of the current benefits 
        derived, both directly and indirectly, from the 
        Military Selective Service System, including--
                    (A) the extent to which mandatory 
                registration benefits military recruiting;
                    (B) the extent to which a national 
                registration capability serves as a deterrent 
                to potential enemies of the United States; and
                    (C) the extent to which expanding 
                registration to include women would impact 
                these benefits.
            (2) An analysis of the functions currently 
        performed by the Selective Service System that would be 
        assumed by the Department of Defense in the absence of 
        a national registration capability.
            (3) An analysis of the systems, manpower, and 
        facilities that would be needed by the Department to 
        physically mobilize inductees in the absence of the 
        Selective Service System.
            (4) An analysis of the feasibility and utility of 
        eliminating the current focus on mass mobilization of 
        primarily combat troops in favor of a system that 
        focuses on mobilization of all military occupational 
        specialties, and the extent to which such a change 
        would impact the need for both male and female 
        inductees.
            (5) A detailed analysis of the Department's 
        personnel needs in the event of an emergency requiring 
        mass mobilization, including--
                    (A) a detailed timeline, along with the 
                factors considered in arriving at this 
                timeline, of when the Department would 
                require--
                            (i) the first inductees to report 
                        for service;
                            (ii) the first 100,000 inductees to 
                        report for service; and
                            (iii) the first medical personnel 
                        to report for service; and
                    (B) an analysis of any additional critical 
                skills that would be needed in the event of a 
                national emergency, and a timeline for when the 
                Department would require the first inductees to 
                report for service.
            (6) A list of the assumptions used by the 
        Department when conducting its analysis in preparing 
        the report.
    (c) Comptroller General Review.--Not later than December 1, 
2017, the Comptroller General of the United States shall submit 
to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House 
of Representatives and to the Commission a review of the 
procedures used by the Department of Defense in evaluating 
selective service requirements.

SEC. 553. NATIONAL COMMISSION ON MILITARY, NATIONAL, AND PUBLIC 
                    SERVICE.

    (a) Establishment.--There is established in the executive 
branch an independent commission to be known as the National 
Commission on Military, National, and Public Service (in this 
subtitle referred to as the ``Commission''). The Commission 
shall be considered an independent establishment of the Federal 
Government as defined by section 104 of title 5, United States 
Code, and a temporary organization under section 3161 of such 
title.
    (b) Membership.--
            (1) Number and appointment.--The Commission shall 
        be composed of 11 members appointed as follows:
                    (A) The President shall appoint three 
                members.
                    (B) The Majority Leader of the Senate shall 
                appoint one member.
                    (C) The Minority Leader of the Senate shall 
                appoint one member.
                    (D) The Speaker of the House of 
                Representatives shall appoint one member.
                    (E) The Minority Leader of the House of 
                Representatives shall appoint one member.
                    (F) The Chairman of the Committee on Armed 
                Services of the Senate shall appoint one 
                member.
                    (G) The ranking minority member of the 
                Committee on Armed Services of the Senate shall 
                appoint one member.
                    (H) The Chairman of the Committee on Armed 
                Services of the House of Representatives shall 
                appoint one member.
                    (I) The ranking minority member of the 
                Committee on Armed Services of the House of 
                Representatives shall appoint one member.
            (2) Deadline for appointment.--Members shall be 
        appointed to the Commission under paragraph (1) not 
        later than 90 days after the Commission establishment 
        date.
            (3) Effect of lack of appointment by appointment 
        date.--If one or more appointments under subparagraph 
        (A) of paragraph (1) is not made by the appointment 
        date specified in paragraph (2), the authority to make 
        such appointment or appointments shall expire, and the 
        number of members of the Commission shall be reduced by 
        the number equal to the number of appointments so not 
        made. If an appointment under subparagraph (B), (C), 
        (D), (E), (F), (G), (H), or (I) of paragraph (1) is not 
        made by the appointment date specified in paragraph 
        (2), the authority to make an appointment under such 
        subparagraph shall expire, and the number of members of 
        the Commission shall be reduced by the number equal to 
        the number otherwise appointable under such 
        subparagraph.
    (c) Chair and Vice Chair.--The Commission shall elect a 
Chair and Vice Chair from among its members.
    (d) Terms.--Members shall be appointed for the life of the 
Commission. A vacancy in the Commission shall not affect its 
powers, and shall be filled in the same manner as the original 
appointment was made.
    (e) Status as Federal Employees.--Notwithstanding the 
requirements of section 2105 of title 5, United States Code, 
including the required supervision under subsection (a)(3) of 
such section, the members of the Commission shall be deemed to 
be Federal employees.
    (f) Pay for Members of the Commission.--
            (1) In general.--Each member, other than the Chair, 
        of the Commission shall be paid at a rate equal to the 
        daily equivalent of the annual rate of basic pay 
        payable for level IV of the Executive Schedule under 
        section 5315 of title 5, United States Code, for each 
        day (including travel time) during which the member is 
        engaged in the actual performance of duties vested in 
        the Commission.
            (2) Chair.--The Chair of the Commission shall be 
        paid at a rate equal to the daily equivalent of the 
        annual rate of basic pay payable for level III of the 
        Executive Schedule under section 5314, of title 5, 
        United States Code, for each day (including travel 
        time) during which the member is engaged in the actual 
        performance of duties vested in the Commission.
    (g) Use of Government Information.--The Commission may 
secure directly from any department or agency of the Federal 
Government such information as the Commission considers 
necessary to carry out its duties. Upon such request of the 
chair of the Commission, the head of such department or agency 
shall furnish such information to the Commission.
    (h) Postal Services.--The Commission may use the United 
States mails in the same manner and under the same conditions 
as departments and agencies of the United States.
    (i) Authority To Accept Gifts.--The Commission may accept, 
use, and dispose of gifts or donations of services, goods, and 
property from non-Federal entities for the purposes of aiding 
and facilitating the work of the Commission. The authority in 
this subsection does not extend to gifts of money.
    (j) Personal Services.--
            (1) Authority to procure.--The Commission may--
                    (A) procure the services of experts or 
                consultants (or of organizations of experts or 
                consultants) in accordance with the provisions 
                of section 3109 of title 5, United States Code; 
                and
                    (B) pay in connection with such services 
                travel expenses of individuals, including 
                transportation and per diem in lieu of 
                subsistence, while such individuals are 
                traveling from their homes or places of 
                business to duty stations.
            (2) Limitation.--The total number of experts or 
        consultants procured pursuant to paragraph (1) may not 
        exceed five experts or consultants.
            (3) Maximum daily pay rates.--The daily rate paid 
        an expert or consultant procured pursuant to paragraph 
        (1) may not exceed the daily rate paid a person 
        occupying a position at level IV of the Executive 
        Schedule under section 5315 of title 5, United States 
        Code.
    (k) Funding.--Of the amounts authorized to be appropriated 
by this Act for fiscal year 2017 for the Department of Defense, 
up to $15,000,000 shall be made available to the Commission to 
carry out its duties under this subtitle. Funds made available 
to the Commission under the preceding sentence shall remain 
available until expended.

SEC. 554. COMMISSION HEARINGS AND MEETINGS.

    (a) In General.--The Commission shall conduct hearings on 
the recommendations it is taking under consideration. Any such 
hearing, except a hearing in which classified information is to 
be considered, shall be open to the public. Any hearing open to 
the public shall be announced on a Federal website at least 14 
days in advance. For all hearings open to the public, the 
Commission shall release an agenda and a listing of materials 
relevant to the topics to be discussed. The Commission is 
authorized and encouraged to hold hearings and meetings in 
various locations throughout the country to provide maximum 
opportunity for public comment and participation in the 
Commission's execution of its duties.
    (b) Meetings.--
            (1) Initial meeting.--The Commission shall hold its 
        initial meeting not later than 30 days after the date 
        as of which all members have been appointed.
            (2) Subsequent meetings.--After its initial 
        meeting, the Commission shall meet upon the call of the 
        chair or a majority of its members.
            (3) Public meetings.--Each meeting of the 
        Commission shall be held in public unless any member 
        objects or classified information is to be considered.
    (c) Quorum.--Six members of the Commission shall constitute 
a quorum, but a lesser number may hold hearings or meetings.
    (d) Public Comments.--
            (1) Solicitation.--The Commission shall seek 
        written comments from the general public and interested 
        parties on matters of the Commission's review under 
        this subtitle. Comments shall be requested through a 
        solicitation in the Federal Register and announcement 
        on the Internet website of the Commission.
            (2) Period for submittal.--The period for the 
        submittal of comments pursuant to the solicitation 
        under paragraph (1) shall end not earlier than 30 days 
        after the date of the solicitation and shall end on or 
        before the date on which recommendations are 
        transmitted to the Commission under section 555(d).
            (3) Use by commission.--The Commission shall 
        consider the comments submitted under this subsection 
        when developing its recommendations.
    (e) Space for Use of Commission.--Not later than 90 days 
after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Administrator 
of General Services, in consultation with the Secretary, shall 
identify and make available suitable excess space within the 
Federal space inventory to house the operations of the 
Commission. If the Administrator is not able to make such 
suitable excess space available within such 90-day period, the 
Commission may lease space to the extent the funds are 
available.
    (f) Contracting Authority.--The Commission may acquire 
administrative supplies and equipment for Commission use to the 
extent funds are available.

SEC. 555. PRINCIPLES AND PROCEDURE FOR COMMISSION RECOMMENDATIONS.

    (a) Context of Commission Review.--The Commission shall--
            (1) conduct a review of the military selective 
        service process; and
            (2) consider methods to increase participation in 
        military, national, and public service opportunities to 
        address national security and other public service 
        needs of the Nation.
    (b) Development of Commission Recommendations.--The 
Commission shall develop recommendations on the matters subject 
to its review under subsection (a) that are consistent with the 
principles established by the President under subsection (c).
    (c) Presidential Principles.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than three months after 
        the Commission establishment date, the President shall 
        establish and transmit to the Commission and Congress 
        principles for reform of the military selective service 
        process, including means by which to best acquire for 
        the Nation skills necessary to meet the military, 
        national, and public service requirements of the Nation 
        in connection with that process.
            (2) Elements.--The principles required under this 
        subsection shall address the following:
                    (A) Whether, in light of the current and 
                predicted global security environment and the 
                changing nature of warfare, there continues to 
                be a continuous or potential need for a 
                military selective service process designed to 
                produce large numbers of combat members of the 
                Armed Forces, and if so, whether such a system 
                should include mandatory registration by all 
                citizens and residents, regardless of sex.
                    (B) The need, and how best to meet the 
                need, of the Nation, the military, the Federal 
                civilian sector, and the private sector 
                (including the non-profit sector) for 
                individuals possessing critical skills and 
                abilities, and how best to employ individuals 
                possessing those skills and abilities for 
                military, national, or public service.
                    (C) How to foster within the Nation, 
                particularly among United States youth, an 
                increased sense of service and civic 
                responsibility in order to enhance the 
                acquisition by the Nation of critically needed 
                skills through education and training, and how 
                best to acquire those skills for military, 
                national, or public service.
                    (D) How to increase a propensity among 
                United States youth for service in the 
                military, or alternatively in national or 
                public service, including how to increase the 
                pool of qualified applicants for military 
                service.
                    (E) The need in Government, including the 
                military, and in the civilian sector to 
                increase interest, education, and employment in 
                certain critical fields, including science, 
                technology, engineering, and mathematics 
                (STEM), national security, cyber, linguistics 
                and foreign language, education, health care, 
                and the medical professions.
                    (F) How military, national, and public 
                service may be incentivized, including through 
                educational benefits, grants, federally-insured 
                loans, Federal or State hiring preferences, or 
                other mechanisms that the President considers 
                appropriate.
                    (G) Any other matters the President 
                considers appropriate for purposes of this 
                subtitle.
    (d) Cabinet Recommendations.--Not later than seven months 
after the Commission establishment date, the Secretary of 
Defense, the Attorney General, the Secretary of Homeland 
Security, the Secretary of Labor, and such other Government 
officials, and such experts, as the President shall designate 
for purposes of this subsection shall jointly transmit to the 
Commission and Congress recommendations for the reform of the 
military selective service process and military, national, and 
public service in connection with that process.
    (e) Commission Report and Recommendations.--
            (1) Report.--Not later than 30 months after the 
        Commission establishment date, the Commission shall 
        transmit to the President and Congress a report 
        containing the findings and conclusions of the 
        Commission, together with the recommendations of the 
        Commission regarding the matters reviewed by the 
        Commission pursuant to this subtitle. The Commission 
        shall include in the report legislative language and 
        recommendations for administrative action to implement 
        the recommendations of the Commission. The findings and 
        conclusions in the report shall be based on the review 
        and analysis by the Commission of the recommendations 
        made under subsection (d).
            (2) Requirement for approval.--The recommendations 
        of the Commission must be approved by at least five 
        members of the Commission before the recommendations 
        may be transmitted to the President and Congress under 
        paragraph (1).
            (3) Public availability.--The Commission shall 
        publish a copy of the report required by paragraph (1) 
        on an Internet website available to the public on the 
        same date on which it transmits that report to the 
        President and Congress under that paragraph.
    (f) Judicial Review Precluded.--Actions under this section 
of the President, the officials specified or designated under 
subsection (d), and the Commission shall not be subject to 
judicial review.

SEC. 556. EXECUTIVE DIRECTOR AND STAFF.

    (a) Executive Director.--The Commission shall appoint and 
fix the rate of basic pay for an Executive Director in 
accordance with section 3161 of title 5, United States Code.
    (b) Staff.--Subject to subsections (c) and (d), the 
Executive Director, with the approval of the Commission, may 
appoint and fix the rate of basic pay for additional personnel 
as staff of the Commission in accordance with section 3161 of 
title 5, United States Code.
    (c) Limitations on Staff.--
            (1) Number of detailees from executive 
        departments.--Not more than one-third of the personnel 
        employed by or detailed to the Commission may be on 
        detail from the Department of Defense and other 
        executive branch departments.
            (2) Prior duties within executive branch.--A person 
        may not be detailed from the Department of Defense or 
        other executive branch department to the Commission if, 
        in the year before the detail is to begin, that person 
        participated personally and substantially in any matter 
        concerning the preparation of recommendations for the 
        military selective service process and military and 
        public service in connection with that process.
    (d) Limitations on Performance Reviews.--No member of the 
uniformed services, and no officer or employee of the 
Department of Defense or other executive branch department 
(other than a member of the uniformed services or officer or 
employee who is detailed to the Commission), may--
            (1) prepare any report concerning the 
        effectiveness, fitness, or efficiency of the 
        performance of the staff of the Commission or any 
        person detailed to that staff;
            (2) review the preparation of such a report (other 
        than for administrative accuracy); or
            (3) approve or disapprove such a report.

SEC. 557. TERMINATION OF COMMISSION.

    Except as otherwise provided in this subtitle, the 
Commission shall terminate not later than 36 months after the 
Commission establishment date.

   Subtitle G--Member Education, Training, Resilience, and Transition

SEC. 561. MODIFICATION OF PROGRAM TO ASSIST MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES 
                    IN OBTAINING PROFESSIONAL CREDENTIALS.

    (a) Scope of Program.--Section 2015(a)(1) of title 10, 
United States Code, is amended by striking ``incident to the 
performance of their military duties''.
    (b) Quality Assurance of Certification Programs and 
Standards.--Section 2015(c) of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1), by striking ``is accredited 
        by an accreditation body that'' and all that follows 
        and inserting ``meets one of the requirements specified 
        in paragraph (2).''; and
            (2) by striking paragraph (2) and inserting the 
        following new paragraph (2):
            ``(2) The requirements for a credentialing program 
        specified in this paragraph are that the credentialing 
        program--
                    ``(A) is accredited by a nationally-
                recognized, third-party personnel certification 
                program accreditor;
                    ``(B)(i) is sought or accepted by employers 
                within the industry or sector involved as a 
                recognized, preferred, or required credential 
                for recruitment, screening, hiring, retention, 
                or advancement purposes; and
                    ``(ii) where appropriate, is endorsed by a 
                nationally-recognized trade association or 
                organization representing a significant part of 
                the industry or sector;
                    ``(C) grants licenses that are recognized 
                by the Federal Government or a State 
                government; or
                    ``(D) meets credential standards of a 
                Federal agency.''.

SEC. 562. INCLUSION OF ALCOHOL, PRESCRIPTION DRUG, OPIOID, AND OTHER 
                    SUBSTANCE ABUSE COUNSELING AS PART OF REQUIRED 
                    PRESEPARATION COUNSELING.

    Section 1142(b)(11) of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended by inserting before the period the following: ``and 
information concerning the availability of treatment options 
and resources to address substance abuse, including alcohol, 
prescription drug, and opioid abuse''.

SEC. 563. INCLUSION OF INFORMATION IN TRANSITION ASSISTANCE PROGRAM 
                    REGARDING EFFECT OF RECEIPT OF BOTH VETERAN 
                    DISABILITY COMPENSATION AND VOLUNTARY SEPARATION 
                    PAY.

    Section 1144(b) of title 10, United States Code, is amended 
by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
            ``(10) Provide information regarding the required 
        deduction, pursuant to subsection (h) of section 1175a 
        of this title, from disability compensation paid by the 
        Secretary of Veterans Affairs of amounts equal to any 
        voluntary separation pay received by the member under 
        such section.''.

SEC. 564. TRAINING UNDER TRANSITION ASSISTANCE PROGRAM ON CAREER AND 
                    EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITIES ASSOCIATED WITH 
                    TRANSPORTATION SECURITY CARDS.

    (a) In General.--Section 1144(b) of title 10, United States 
Code, as amended by section 563, is further amended by adding 
at the end the following new paragraph:
            ``(11) Acting through the Secretary of the 
        department in which the Coast Guard is operating, 
        provide information on career and employment 
        opportunities available to members with transportation 
        security cards issued under section 70105 of title 
        46.''.
    (b) Deadline for Implementation.--The program carried out 
under section 1144 of title 10, United States Code, shall 
satisfy the requirements of subsection (b)(11) of such section 
(as added by subsection (a) of this section) by not later than 
180 days after the date of the enactment of this Act.

SEC. 565. EXTENSION OF SUICIDE PREVENTION AND RESILIENCE PROGRAM.

    Section 10219(g) of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended by striking ``October 1, 2017'' and inserting ``October 
1, 2018''.

SEC. 566. CONGRESSIONAL NOTIFICATION IN ADVANCE OF APPOINTMENTS TO 
                    SERVICE ACADEMIES.

    (a) United States Military Academy.--Section 4342(a) of 
title 10, United States Code, is amended in the matter after 
paragraph (10) by adding at the end the following new sentence: 
``When a nominee of a Senator, Representative, or Delegate is 
selected for appointment as a cadet, the Senator, 
Representative, or Delegate shall be notified at least 48 hours 
before the official notification or announcement of the 
appointment is made.''.
    (b) United States Naval Academy.--Section 6954(a) of title 
10, United States Code, is amended in the matter after 
paragraph (10) by adding at the end the following new sentence: 
``When a nominee of a Senator, Representative, or Delegate is 
selected for appointment as a midshipman, the Senator, 
Representative, or Delegate shall be notified at least 48 hours 
before the official notification or announcement of the 
appointment is made.''.
    (c) United States Air Force Academy.--Section 9342(a) of 
title 10, United States Code, is amended in the matter after 
paragraph (10) by adding at the end the following new sentence: 
``When a nominee of a Senator, Representative, or Delegate is 
selected for appointment as a cadet, the Senator, 
Representative, or Delegate shall be notified at least 48 hours 
before the official notification or announcement of the 
appointment is made.''.
    (d) United States Merchant Marine Academy.--Section 51302 
of title 46, United States Code, is amended by adding at the 
end the following:
    ``(e) Congressional Notification in Advance of 
Appointments.--When a nominee of a Senator, Representative, or 
Delegate is selected for appointment as a cadet, the Senator, 
Representative, or Delegate shall be notified at least 48 hours 
before the official notification or announcement of the 
appointment is made.''.
    (e) Application of Amendments.--The amendments made by this 
section shall apply with respect to the appointment of cadets 
and midshipmen to the United States Military Academy, the 
United States Naval Academy, the United States Air Force 
Academy, and the United States Merchant Marine Academy for 
classes entering these service academies after January 1, 2018.

SEC. 567. REPORT AND GUIDANCE ON JOB TRAINING, EMPLOYMENT SKILLS 
                    TRAINING, APPRENTICESHIPS, AND INTERNSHIPS AND 
                    SKILLBRIDGE INITIATIVES FOR MEMBERS OF THE ARMED 
                    FORCES WHO ARE BEING SEPARATED.

    (a) Report Required.--Not later than 180 days after the 
date of the enactment of this Act, the Under Secretary of 
Defense for Personnel and Readiness shall submit to the 
Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
Representatives, and make available to the public, a report 
evaluating the success of the Job Training, Employment Skills 
Training, Apprenticeships, and Internships (known as JTEST-AI) 
and SkillBridge initiatives, under which civilian businesses 
and companies make available to members of the Armed Forces who 
are being separated from the Armed Forces training or 
internship opportunities that offer a high probability of 
employment for the members after their separation.
    (b) Elements.--In preparing the report required by 
subsection (a), the Under Secretary of Defense for Personnel 
and Readiness shall use the effectiveness metrics described in 
Enclosure 5 of Department of Defense Instruction No. 1322.29. 
The report shall include the following:
            (1) An assessment of the successes of the Job 
        Training, Employment Skills Training, Apprenticeships, 
        and Internships and SkillBridge initiatives.
            (2) Recommendations by the Under Secretary on ways 
        in which the administration of the initiatives could be 
        improved.
            (3) Recommendations by civilian companies 
        participating in the initiatives on ways in which the 
        administration of the initiatives could be improved.

SEC. 568. MILITARY-TO-MARINER TRANSITION.

    (a) Report.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense and the 
Secretary of the department in which the Coast Guard is 
operating shall jointly report to the Committee on Armed 
Services and the Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure 
of the House of Representatives and the Committee on Armed 
Services and the Committee on Commerce, Science, and 
Transportation of the Senate on steps the Departments of 
Defense and Homeland Security have taken or intend to take--
            (1) to maximize the extent to which United States 
        Armed Forces service, training, and qualifications are 
        creditable toward meeting the laws and regulations 
        governing United States merchant mariner license, 
        certification, and document laws and the International 
        Convention on Standards of Training, Certification and 
        Watchkeeping for Seafarers, 1978, including steps to 
        enhance interdepartmental coordination; and
            (2) to promote better awareness among Armed Forces 
        personnel who serve in vessel operating positions of 
        the requirements for postservice use of Armed Forces 
        training, education, and practical experience in 
        satisfaction of requirements for merchant mariner 
        credentials under section 11.213 of title 46, Code of 
        Federal Regulations, and the need to document such 
        service in a manner suitable for post-service use.
    (b) List of Training Programs.--The report under subsection 
(a) shall include a list of Army, Navy, and Coast Guard 
training programs open to Army, Navy, and Coast Guard vessel 
operators, respectively, that shows--
            (1) which programs have been approved for credit 
        toward merchant mariner credentials;
            (2) which programs are under review for such 
        approval;
            (3) which programs are not relevant to the training 
        needed for merchant mariner credentials; and
            (4) which programs could become eligible for credit 
        toward merchant mariner credentials with minor changes.

Subtitle H--Defense Dependents' Education and Military Family Readiness 
                                Matters

SEC. 571. CONTINUATION OF AUTHORITY TO ASSIST LOCAL EDUCATIONAL 
                    AGENCIES THAT BENEFIT DEPENDENTS OF MEMBERS OF THE 
                    ARMED FORCES AND DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE CIVILIAN 
                    EMPLOYEES.

    (a) Assistance to Schools With Significant Numbers of 
Military Dependent Students.--Of the amount authorized to be 
appropriated for fiscal year 2017 by section 301 and available 
for operation and maintenance for Defense-wide activities as 
specified in the funding table in division D, $30,000,000 shall 
be available only for the purpose of providing assistance to 
local educational agencies under subsection (a) of section 572 
of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2006 
(Public Law 109-163; 20 U.S.C. 7703b).
    (b) Impact Aid for Children With Severe Disabilities.--Of 
the amount authorized to be appropriated for fiscal year 2017 
by section 301 and available for operation and maintenance for 
Defense-wide activities as specified in the funding table in 
section 4301, $5,000,000 shall be available for payments under 
section 363 of the Floyd D. Spence National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2001 (as enacted into law by 
Public Law 106-398; 114 Stat. 1654A-77; 20 U.S.C. 7703a).
    (c) Local Educational Agency Defined.--In this section, the 
term ``local educational agency'' has the meaning given that 
term in section 8013(9) of the Elementary and Secondary 
Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 7713(9)).

SEC. 572. ONE-YEAR EXTENSION OF AUTHORITIES RELATING TO THE TRANSITION 
                    AND SUPPORT OF MILITARY DEPENDENT STUDENTS TO LOCAL 
                    EDUCATIONAL AGENCIES.

    (a) Extension.--Section 574(c)(3) of the John Warner 
National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2007 (20 
U.S.C. 7703b note) is amended by striking ``September 30, 
2016'' and inserting ``September 30, 2017''.
    (b) Information To Be Included With Future Requests for 
Extension.--The budget justification materials that accompany 
any budget of the President for a fiscal year after fiscal year 
2017 (as submitted to Congress pursuant to section 1105 of 
title 31, United States Code) that includes a request for the 
extension of section 574(c) of the John Warner National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2007 shall include the 
following:
            (1) A full accounting of the expenditure of funds 
        pursuant to such section 574(c) during the last fiscal 
        year ending before the date of the submittal of the 
        budget.
            (2) An assessment of the impact of the expenditure 
        of such funds on the quality of opportunities for 
        elementary and secondary education made available for 
        military dependent students.

SEC. 573. ANNUAL NOTICE TO MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES REGARDING CHILD 
                    CUSTODY PROTECTIONS GUARANTEED BY THE 
                    SERVICEMEMBERS CIVIL RELIEF ACT.

    The Secretaries of each of the military departments shall 
ensure that each member of the Armed Forces with dependents 
receives annually, and prior to each deployment, notice of the 
child custody protections afforded to members of the Armed 
Forces under the Servicemembers Civil Relief Act (50 U.S.C. 
3901 et seq.).

SEC. 574. REQUIREMENT FOR ANNUAL FAMILY ADVOCACY PROGRAM REPORT 
                    REGARDING CHILD ABUSE AND DOMESTIC VIOLENCE.

    (a) Annual Report on Child Abuse and Domestic Violence.--
Not later than April 30, 2017, and annually thereafter through 
April 30, 2021, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
Committees on Armed Services of the House of Representatives 
and the Senate a report on the child abuse and domestic abuse 
incident data from the Department of Defense Family Advocacy 
Program central registry of child abuse and domestic abuse 
incidents for the preceding calendar year.
    (b) Contents.--The report shall contain each of the 
following:
            (1) The number of incidents reported during the 
        year covered by the report involving--
                    (A) spouse physical or sexual abuse;
                    (B) intimate partner physical or sexual 
                abuse;
                    (C) child physical or sexual abuse; and
                    (D) child or domestic abuse resulting in a 
                fatality.
            (2) An analysis of the number of such incidents 
        that met the criteria for substantiation.
            (3) An analysis of--
                    (A) the types of abuse reported;
                    (B) for cases involving children as the 
                reported victims of the abuse, the ages of the 
                abused children; and
                    (C) other relevant characteristics of the 
                reported victims.
            (4) An analysis of the military status, sex, and 
        pay grade of the alleged perpetrator of the child or 
        domestic abuse.
            (5) An analysis of the effectiveness of the Family 
        Advocacy Program.
    (c) Coordination of Release Date Between Annual Reports 
Regarding Sexual Assaults and Family Advocacy Program Report.--
The Secretary of Defense shall ensure that the sexual assault 
reports required to be submitted under section 1631(d) of the 
Ike Skelton National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
2011 (Public Law 111-383; 10 U.S.C. 1561 note) for a year are 
delivered to the Committees on Armed Services of the House of 
Representatives and the Senate simultaneously with the report 
for that year required under this section.

SEC. 575. REPORTING ON ALLEGATIONS OF CHILD ABUSE IN MILITARY FAMILIES 
                    AND HOMES.

    (a) Reports to Family Advocacy Program Offices.--
            (1) In general.--The following information shall be 
        reported immediately to the Family Advocacy Program 
        office at the military installation to which the member 
        of the Armed Forces concerned is assigned:
                    (A) Credible information (which may include 
                a reasonable belief), obtained by any 
                individual within the chain of command of the 
                member, that a child in the family or home of 
                the member has suffered an incident of child 
                abuse.
                    (B) Information, learned by a member of the 
                Armed Forces engaged in a profession or 
                activity described in section 226(b) of the 
                Victims of Child Abuse Act of 1990 (42 U.S.C. 
                13031(b)) for members of the Armed Forces and 
                their dependents, that gives reason to suspect 
                that a child in the family or home of the 
                member has suffered an incident of child abuse.
            (2) Regulations.--The Secretary of Defense and the 
        Secretary of Homeland Security (with respect to the 
        Coast Guard when it is not operating as a service in 
        the Navy) shall jointly prescribe regulations to carry 
        out this subsection.
            (3) Child abuse defined.--In this subsection, the 
        term ``child abuse'' has the meaning given that term in 
        section 226(c) of the Victims of Child Abuse Act of 
        1990 (42 U.S.C. 13031(c)).
    (b) Reports to State Child Welfare Services.--Section 226 
of the Victims of Child Abuse Act of 1990 (42 U.S.C. 13031) is 
amended--
            (1) in subsection (a), by inserting `` and to the 
        agency or agencies provided for in subsection (e), if 
        applicable'' before the period;
            (2) by redesignating subsections (e) and (f) as 
        subsections (f) and (g), respectively; and
            (3) by inserting after subsection (d) the following 
        new subsection (e):
    ``(e) Reporters and Recipient of Report Involving Children 
and Homes of Members of the Armed Forces.--
            ``(1) Recipients of reports.--In the case of an 
        incident described in subsection (a) involving a child 
        in the family or home of member of the Armed Forces 
        (regardless of whether the incident occurred on or off 
        a military installation), the report required by 
        subsection (a) shall be made to the appropriate child 
        welfare services agency or agencies of the State in 
        which the child resides. The Attorney General, the 
        Secretary of Defense, and the Secretary of Homeland 
        Security (with respect to the Coast Guard when it is 
        not operating as a service in the Navy) shall jointly, 
        in consultation with the chief executive officers of 
        the States, designate the child welfare service 
        agencies of the States that are appropriate recipients 
        of reports pursuant to this subsection. Any report on 
        an incident pursuant to this subsection is in addition 
        to any other report on the incident pursuant to this 
        section.
            ``(2) Makers of reports.--For purposes of the 
        making of reports under this section pursuant to this 
        subsection, the persons engaged in professions and 
        activities described in subsection (b) shall include 
        members of the Armed Forces who are engaged in such 
        professions and activities for members of the Armed 
        Forces and their dependents.''.

SEC. 576. REPEAL OF ADVISORY COUNCIL ON DEPENDENTS' EDUCATION.

    Section 1411 of the Defense Dependents' Education Act of 
1978 (20 U.S.C. 929) is repealed.

SEC. 577. SUPPORT FOR PROGRAMS PROVIDING CAMP EXPERIENCE FOR CHILDREN 
                    OF MILITARY FAMILIES.

    (a) Authority to Provide Support.--The Secretary of Defense 
may provide financial or non-monetary support to qualified 
nonprofit organizations in order to assist such organizations 
in carrying out programs to support the attendance at a camp, 
or camp-like setting, of children of military families who have 
experienced the death of a family member or other loved one or 
who have another family member living with a substance use 
disorder or post-traumatic stress disorder.
    (b) Application for Support.--
            (1) In general.--Each organization seeking support 
        pursuant to subsection (a) shall submit to the 
        Secretary of Defense an application therefor containing 
        such information as the Secretary shall specify for 
        purposes of this section.
            (2) Contents.--Each application submitted under 
        paragraph (1) shall include the following:
                    (A) A description of the program for which 
                support is being sought, including the location 
                of the setting or settings under the program, 
                the duration of such setting or settings, any 
                local partners participating in or contributing 
                to the program, and the ratio of counselors, 
                trained volunteers, or both to children at such 
                setting or settings.
                    (B) An estimate of the number of children 
                of military families to be supported using the 
                support sought.
                    (C) A description of the type of activities 
                that will be conducted using the support 
                sought, including the manner in which 
                activities are particularly supportive to 
                children of military families described in 
                subsection (a).
                    (D) A description of the outreach conducted 
                or to be conducted by the organization to 
                military families regarding the program.
    (c) Use of Support.--Support provided by the Secretary of 
Defense to an organization pursuant to subsection (a) shall be 
used by the organization to support attendance at a camp, or 
camp-like setting, of children of military families described 
in subsection (a).

SEC. 578. COMPTROLLER GENERAL OF THE UNITED STATES ASSESSMENT AND 
                    REPORT ON EXCEPTIONAL FAMILY MEMBER PROGRAMS.

    (a) Assessment and Report Required.--
            (1) Assessment.--The Comptroller General of the 
        United States shall conduct an assessment on the 
        effectiveness of each Exceptional Family Member Program 
        of the Armed Forces.
            (2) Report.--Not later than December 31, 2017, the 
        Comptroller General shall submit to the Committees on 
        Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
        Representatives a report containing the results of the 
        assessment conducted under this subsection.
    (b) Elements.--The assessment and report under subsection 
(a) shall address the following:
            (1) The differences between each Exceptional Family 
        Member Program of the Armed Forces.
            (2) The manner in which Exceptional Family Member 
        Programs are implemented on joint bases and 
        installations.
            (3) The extent to which military family members are 
        screened for potential coverage under an Exceptional 
        Family Member Program and the manner of such screening.
            (4) The degree to which conditions of military 
        family members who qualify for coverage under an 
        Exceptional Family Member Program are taken into 
        account in making assignments of military personnel.
            (5) The types of services provided to address the 
        needs of military family members who qualify for 
        coverage under an Exceptional Family Member Program.
            (6) The extent to which the Department of Defense 
        has implemented specific directives for providing 
        family support and enhanced case management services, 
        such as special needs navigators, to military families 
        with special needs children.
            (7) The extent to which the Department has 
        conducted periodic reviews of best practices in the 
        United States for the provision of medical and 
        educational services to military family members with 
        special needs.
            (8) The necessity in the Department for an advisory 
        panel on community support for military families 
        members with special needs.
            (9) The development and implementation of the 
        uniform policy for the Department regarding families 
        with special needs required by section 1781c(e) of 
        title 10, United States Code.
            (10) The implementation by each Armed Force of the 
        recommendations in the Government Accountability Report 
        entitled ``Military Dependent Students, Better 
        Oversight Needed to Improve Services for Children with 
        Special Needs'' (GAO-12-680).

SEC. 579. IMPACT AID AMENDMENTS.

    (a) Military ``Build to Lease'' Program Housing.--
Notwithstanding section 5(d) of the Every Student Succeeds Act 
(Public Law 114-95; 129 Stat. 1806), the amendment made by 
section 7004(1) of such Act (Public Law 114-95; 129 Stat. 
2077)--
            (1) for fiscal year 2016--
                    (A) shall be applied as if amending section 
                8003(a)(5)(A) of the Elementary and Secondary 
                Education Act of 1965, as in effect on the day 
                before the date of enactment of the Every 
                Student Succeeds Act (Public Law 114-95; 129 
                Stat. 1802); and
                    (B) shall be applicable with respect to 
                appropriations for use under title VIII of the 
                Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 
                (Public Law 114-95; 129 Stat. 1802); and
            (2) for fiscal year 2017 and each succeeding fiscal 
        year, shall be in effect with respect to appropriations 
        for use under title VII of the Elementary and Secondary 
        Education Act of 1965, as amended by the Every Student 
        Succeeds Act (Public Law 114-95; 129 Stat. 1802).
    (b) Eligibility for Heavily Impacted Local Educational 
Agencies.--
            (1) Amendment.--Subclause (I) of section 
        7003(b)(2)(B)(i) of the Elementary and Secondary 
        Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 7703(b)(2)(B)(i)(I)) 
        is amended to read as follows:
                                    ``(I) is a local 
                                educational agency--
                                            ``(aa) whose 
                                        boundaries are the same 
                                        as a Federal military 
                                        installation; or
                                            ``(bb)(AA) whose 
                                        boundaries are the same 
                                        as an island property 
                                        designated by the 
                                        Secretary of the 
                                        Interior to be property 
                                        that is held in trust 
                                        by the Federal 
                                        Government; and
                                            ``(BB) that has no 
                                        taxing authority;''.
            (2) Effective date.--The amendment made by 
        paragraph (1) shall take effect with respect to 
        appropriations for use under title VII of the 
        Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965, as 
        amended by the Every Student Succeeds Act (Public Law 
        114-95; 129 Stat. 1802), beginning with fiscal year 
        2017 and as if enacted as part of title VII of the 
        Every Student Succeeds Act.
    (c) Special Rule Regarding the Per-Pupil Expenditure 
Requirement.--
            (1) References.--Except as otherwise expressly 
        provided, any reference in this subsection to a section 
        or other provision of title VII of the Elementary and 
        Secondary Education Act of 1965 shall be considered to 
        be a reference to the section or other provision of 
        such title VII as amended by the Every Student Succeeds 
        Act (Public Law 114-95; 129 Stat. 1802).
            (2) In general.--Notwithstanding section 5(d) of 
        the Every Student Succeeds Act (Public Law 114-95; 129 
        Stat. 1806) or section 7003(b)(2) of the Elementary and 
        Secondary Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 7703(b)(2)), 
        with respect to any application submitted under section 
        7005 of such Act (20 U.S.C. 7705) for eligibility 
        consideration under subclause (II) or (V) of section 
        7003(b)(2)(B)(i) of such Act for fiscal year 2017, 
        2018, or 2019, the Secretary of Education shall 
        determine that a local educational agency meets the 
        per-pupil expenditure requirement for purposes of such 
        subclause (II) or (V), as applicable, only if--
                    (A) in the case of a local educational 
                agency that received a basic support payment 
                for fiscal year 2001 under section 
                8003(b)(2)(B) of the Elementary and Secondary 
                Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 7703(b)(2)(B)) 
                (as such section was in effect for such fiscal 
                year), the agency, for the year for which the 
                application is submitted, has a per-pupil 
                expenditure that is less than the average per-
                pupil expenditure of the State in which the 
                agency is located or the average per-pupil 
                expenditure of all States (whichever average 
                per-pupil expenditure is greater), except that 
                a local educational agency with a total student 
                enrollment of less than 350 students shall be 
                deemed to have satisfied such per-pupil 
                expenditure requirement; or
                    (B) in the case of a local educational 
                agency that did not receive a basic support 
                payment for fiscal year 2015 under such section 
                8003(b)(2)(B), as so in effect, the agency, for 
                the year for which the application is 
                submitted--
                            (i) has a total student enrollment 
                        of 350 or more students and a per-pupil 
                        expenditure that is less than the 
                        average per-pupil expenditure of the 
                        State in which the agency is located; 
                        or
                            (ii) has a total student enrollment 
                        of less than 350 students and a per-
                        pupil expenditure that is less than the 
                        average per-pupil expenditure of a 
                        comparable local educational agency or 
                        3 comparable local educational agencies 
                        (whichever average per-pupil 
                        expenditure is greater), in the State 
                        in which the agency is located.
    (d) Payments for Eligible Federally Connected Children.--
            (1) Amendments.--Section 7003(b)(2) of the 
        Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 (20 
        U.S.C. 7703(b)(2)), as amended by subsection (b) and 
        sections 7001 and 7004 of the Every Student Succeeds 
        Act (Public Law 114-95; 129 Stat. 2074, 2077), is 
        further amended--
                    (A) in subclause (IV) of subparagraph 
                (B)(i)--
                            (i) in the matter preceding item 
                        (aa), by inserting ``received a payment 
                        for fiscal year 2015 under section 
                        8003(b)(2)(E) (as such section was in 
                        effect for such fiscal year) and'' 
                        before ``has'';
                            (ii) in item (aa), by striking 
                        ``50'' and inserting ``35''; and
                            (iii) by striking item (bb) and 
                        inserting the following:
                                            ``(bb)(AA) not less 
                                        than 3,500 of such 
                                        children are children 
                                        described in 
                                        subparagraphs (A) and 
                                        (B) of subsection 
                                        (a)(1); or
                                            ``(BB) not less 
                                        than 7,000 of such 
                                        children are children 
                                        described in 
                                        subparagraph (D) of 
                                        subsection (a)(1);''; 
                                        and
                    (B) in subparagraph (D)--
                            (i) in clause (i)--
                                    (I) in subclause (I), by 
                                striking ``clause (ii)'' and 
                                inserting ``clauses (ii), 
                                (iii), and (iv)''; and
                                    (II) in subclause (II)--
                                            (aa) by inserting 
                                        ``received a payment 
                                        for fiscal year 2015 
                                        under section 
                                        8003(b)(2)(E) (as such 
                                        section was in effect 
                                        for such fiscal year) 
                                        and'' after ``agency 
                                        that'';
                                            (bb) by striking 
                                        ``50 percent'' and 
                                        inserting ``35 
                                        percent'';
                                            (cc) by striking 
                                        ``subsection (a)(1) and 
                                        not less than 5,000'' 
                                        and inserting the 
                                        following: ``subsection 
                                        (a)(1) and--
                                            ``(aa) not less 
                                        than 3,500''; and
                                            (dd) by striking 
                                        ``subsection (a)(1).'' 
                                        and inserting the 
                                        following: ``subsection 
                                        (a)(1); or
                                            ``(bb) not less 
                                        than 7,000 of such 
                                        children are children 
                                        described in 
                                        subparagraph (D) of 
                                        subsection (a)(1).'';
                            (ii) in clause (ii), by striking 
                        ``shall be 1.35.'' and inserting the 
                        following: ``shall be--
                                    ``(I) for fiscal year 2016, 
                                1.35;
                                    ``(II) for each of fiscal 
                                years 2017 and 2018, 1.38;
                                    ``(III) for fiscal year 
                                2019, 1.40;
                                    ``(IV) for fiscal year 
                                2020, 1.42; and
                                    ``(V) for fiscal year 2021 
                                and each fiscal year 
                                thereafter, 1.45.''; and
                            (iii) by adding at the end the 
                        following:
                            ``(iii) Factor for children who 
                        live off base.--For purposes of 
                        calculating the maximum amount 
                        described in clause (i), the factor 
                        used in determining the weighted 
                        student units under subsection (a)(2) 
                        with respect to children described in 
                        subsection (a)(1)(D) shall be--
                                    ``(I) for fiscal year 2016, 
                                .20;
                                    ``(II) for each of fiscal 
                                years 2017 and 2018, .22;
                                    ``(III) for each of fiscal 
                                years 2019 and 2020, .25; and
                                    ``(IV) for fiscal year 2021 
                                and each fiscal year 
                                thereafter--
                                            ``(aa) .30 with 
                                        respect to each of the 
                                        first 7,000 children; 
                                        and
                                            ``(bb) .25 with 
                                        respect to the number 
                                        of children that 
                                        exceeds 7,000.
                            ``(iv) Special rule.--
                        Notwithstanding clauses (ii) and (iii), 
                        for fiscal year 2020 or any succeeding 
                        fiscal year, if the number of students 
                        who are children described in 
                        subparagraphs (A) and (B) of subsection 
                        (a)(1) for a local educational agency 
                        subject to this subparagraph exceeds 
                        7,000 for such year or the number of 
                        students who are children described in 
                        subsection (a)(1)(D) for such local 
                        educational agency exceeds 12,750 for 
                        such year, then--
                                    ``(I) the factor used, for 
                                the fiscal year for which the 
                                determination is being made, to 
                                determine the weighted student 
                                units under subsection (a)(2) 
                                with respect to children 
                                described in subparagraphs (A) 
                                and (B) of subsection (a)(1) 
                                shall be 1.40; and
                                    ``(II) the factor used, for 
                                such fiscal year, to determine 
                                the weighted student units 
                                under subsection (a)(2) with 
                                respect to children described 
                                in subsection (a)(1)(D) shall 
                                be .20.''.
            (2) Effective date.--The amendments made by 
        paragraph (1) shall take effect with respect to 
        appropriations for use under title VII of the 
        Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 
        beginning with fiscal year 2017 and as if enacted as 
        part of title VII of the Every Student Succeeds Act 
        (Public Law 114-95; 129 Stat. 2074).
            (3) Special rules.--
                    (A) Applicability for fiscal year 2016.--
                Notwithstanding any other provision of law, in 
                making basic support payments under section 
                8003(b)(2) of the Elementary and Secondary 
                Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 7703(b)(2)) 
                for fiscal year 2016, the Secretary of 
                Education shall carry out subparagraphs (B)(i) 
                and (E) of such section as if the amendments 
                made to subparagraphs (B)(i)(IV) and (D) of 
                section 7003(b)(2) of such Act (as amended and 
                redesignated by this subsection and the Every 
                Student Succeeds Act (Public Law 114-95; 129 
                Stat. 1802)) had also been made to the 
                corresponding provisions of section 8003(b)(2) 
                of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act 
                of 1965, as in effect on the day before the 
                date of enactment of the Every Student Succeeds 
                Act.
                    (B) Loss of eligibility.--For fiscal year 
                2016 or any succeeding fiscal year, if a local 
                educational agency is eligible for a basic 
                support payment under subclause (IV) of section 
                7003(b)(2)(B)(i) of the Elementary and 
                Secondary Education Act of 1965 (as amended by 
                this section and the Every Student Succeeds Act 
                (Public Law 114-95; 129 Stat. 1802)) or through 
                a corresponding provision under subparagraph 
                (A), such local educational agency shall be 
                ineligible to apply for a payment for such 
                fiscal year under any other subclause of such 
                section (or, for fiscal year 2016, any other 
                item of section 8003(b)(2)(B)(i)(II) of the 
                Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 
                1965).
                    (C) Payment amounts.--If, before the date 
                of enactment of this Act, a local educational 
                agency receives 1 or more payments under 
                section 8003(b)(2)(E) of the Elementary and 
                Secondary Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 
                7703(b)(2)(E)) for fiscal year 2016, the sum of 
                which is greater than the amount the Secretary 
                of Education determines the local educational 
                agency is entitled to receive under such 
                section in accordance with subparagraph (A)--
                            (i) the Secretary shall allow the 
                        local educational agency to retain the 
                        larger amount; and
                            (ii) such local educational agency 
                        shall not be eligible to receive any 
                        additional payment under such section 
                        for fiscal year 2016.

                   Subtitle I--Decorations and Awards

SEC. 581. POSTHUMOUS ADVANCEMENT OF COLONEL GEORGE E. ``BUD'' DAY, 
                    UNITED STATES AIR FORCE, ON THE RETIRED LIST.

    (a) Advancement.--Colonel George E. ``Bud'' Day, United 
States Air Force (retired), is entitled to hold the rank of 
brigadier general while on the retired list of the Air Force.
    (b) Additional Benefits Not To Accrue.--The advancement of 
George E. ``Bud'' Day on the retired list of the Air Force 
under subsection (a) shall not affect the retired pay or other 
benefits from the United States to which George E. ``Bud'' Day 
would have been entitled based upon his military service or 
affect any benefits to which any other person may become 
entitled based on his military service.

SEC. 582. AUTHORIZATION FOR AWARD OF MEDALS FOR ACTS OF VALOR DURING 
                    CERTAIN CONTINGENCY OPERATIONS.

    (a) Authorization.--Notwithstanding the time limitations 
specified in sections 3744, 6248, and 8744 of title 10, United 
States Code, or any other time limitation with respect to the 
awarding of certain medals to persons who served in the Armed 
Forces, the President may award a medal specified in subsection 
(c) to a member or former member of the Armed Forces identified 
as warranting award of that medal pursuant to the review of 
valor award nominations for Operation Enduring Freedom, 
Operation Iraqi Freedom, Operation New Dawn, Operation 
Freedom's Sentinel, and Operation Inherent Resolve that was 
directed by the Secretary of Defense on January 7, 2016.
    (b) Award of Medal of Honor.--If, pursuant to the review 
referred to in subsection (a), the President decides to award 
to a member or former member of the Armed Forces the Medal of 
Honor, the medal may only be awarded after the Secretary of 
Defense submits to the Committees on Armed Services of the 
Senate and the House of Representatives a letter identifying 
the intended recipient of the Medal of Honor and the rationale 
for awarding the Medal of Honor to such intended recipient.
    (c) Medals.--The medals covered by subsection (a) are any 
of the following:
            (1) The Medal of Honor under section 3741, 6241, or 
        8741 of title 10, United States Code.
            (2) The Distinguished-Service Cross under section 
        3742 of such title.
            (3) The Navy Cross under section 6242 of such 
        title.
            (4) The Air Force Cross under section 8742 of such 
        title.
            (5) The Silver Star under section 3746, 6244, or 
        8746 of such title.
    (d) Termination.--No medal may be awarded under the 
authority of this section after December 31, 2019.

SEC. 583. AUTHORIZATION FOR AWARD OF THE MEDAL OF HONOR TO GARY M. ROSE 
                    AND JAMES C. MCCLOUGHAN FOR ACTS OF VALOR DURING 
                    THE VIETNAM WAR.

    (a) Gary M. Rose.--
            (1) Authorization.--Notwithstanding the time 
        limitations specified in section 3744 of title 10, 
        United States Code, or any other time limitation with 
        respect to the awarding of certain medals to persons 
        who served in the Armed Forces, the President is 
        authorized to award the Medal of Honor under section 
        3741 of such title to Gary M. Rose for the acts of 
        valor described in paragraph (2).
            (2) Acts of valor described.--The acts of valor 
        referred to in paragraph (1) are the actions of Gary M. 
        Rose in Laos from September 11 through 14, 1970, during 
        the Vietnam War while a member of the United States 
        Army, Military Assistance Command Vietnam-Studies and 
        Observation Group (MACVSOG).
    (b) James C. McCloughan.--
            (1) Authorization.--Notwithstanding the time 
        limitations specified in section 3744 of title 10, 
        United States Code, or any other time limitation with 
        respect to the awarding of certain medals to persons 
        who served in the Armed Forces, the President is 
        authorized to award the Medal of Honor under section 
        3741 of such title to James C. McCloughan for the acts 
        of valor described in paragraph (2).
            (2) Acts of valor described.--The acts of valor 
        referred to in paragraph (1) are the actions of James 
        C. McCloughan during combat operations between May 13, 
        1969, and May 15, 1969, while serving as a Combat Medic 
        with Company C, 3d Battalion, 21st Infantry, 196th 
        Light Infantry Brigade, American Division, Republic of 
        Vietnam, for which he was previously awarded the Bronze 
        Star Medal with ``V'' Device.

SEC. 584. AUTHORIZATION FOR AWARD OF DISTINGUISHED-SERVICE CROSS TO 
                    FIRST LIEUTENANT MELVIN M. SPRUIELL FOR ACTS OF 
                    VALOR DURING WORLD WAR II.

    (a) Waiver of Time Limitations.--Notwithstanding the time 
limitations specified in section 3744 of title 10, United 
States Code, or any other time limitation with respect to the 
awarding of certain medals to persons who served in the Armed 
Forces, the Secretary of the Army may award the Distinguished-
Service Cross under section 3742 of such title to First 
Lieutenant Melvin M. Spruiell of the Army for the acts of valor 
during World War II described in subsection (b).
    (b) Acts of Valor Described.--The acts of valor referred to 
in subsection (a) are the actions of First Lieutenant Melvin M. 
Spruiell on June 10 and 11, 1944, as a member of the Army 
serving in France with the 377th Parachute Field Artillery, 
101st Airborne Division.

SEC. 585. AUTHORIZATION FOR AWARD OF THE DISTINGUISHED SERVICE CROSS TO 
                    CHAPLAIN (FIRST LIEUTENANT) JOSEPH VERBIS LAFLEUR 
                    FOR ACTS OF VALOR DURING WORLD WAR II.

    (a) Authorization.--Notwithstanding the time limitations 
specified in section 3744 of title 10, United States Code, or 
any other time limitation with respect to the awarding of 
certain medals to persons who served in the Armed Forces, the 
Secretary of the Army may award the Distinguished Service Cross 
under section 3742 of that title to Chaplain (First Lieutenant) 
Joseph Verbis LaFleur for the acts of valor referred to in 
subsection (b).
    (b) Acts of Valor Described.--The acts of valor referred to 
in subsection (a) are the actions of Chaplain (First 
Lieutenant) Joseph Verbis LaFleur while interned as a prisoner-
of- war by Japan from December 30, 1941, to September 7, 1944.

SEC. 586. REVIEW REGARDING AWARD OF MEDAL OF HONOR TO CERTAIN ASIAN 
                    AMERICAN AND NATIVE AMERICAN PACIFIC ISLANDER WAR 
                    VETERANS.

    (a) Review Required.--The Secretary of each military 
department shall review the service records of each Asian 
American and Native American Pacific Islander war veteran 
described in subsection (b) to determine whether that veteran 
should be awarded the Medal of Honor.
    (b) Covered Veterans.--The Asian American and Native 
American Pacific Islander war veterans whose service records 
are to be reviewed under subsection (a) are any former members 
of the Armed Forces whose service records identify them as an 
Asian American or Native American Pacific Islander war veteran 
who was awarded the Distinguished-Service Cross, the Navy 
Cross, or the Air Force Cross during the Korean War or the 
Vietnam War.
    (c) Consultations.--In carrying out the review under 
subsection (a), the Secretary of each military department shall 
consult with such veterans service organizations as the 
Secretary considers appropriate.
    (d) Recommendations Based on Review.--If the Secretary 
concerned determines, based upon the review under subsection 
(a) of the service records of any Asian American or Native 
American Pacific Islander war veteran, that the award of the 
Medal of Honor to that veteran is warranted, the Secretary 
shall submit to the President a recommendation that the 
President award the Medal of Honor to that veteran.
    (e) Authority to Award Medal of Honor.--A Medal of Honor 
may be awarded to an Asian American or Native American Pacific 
Islander war veteran in accordance with a recommendation of the 
Secretary concerned under subsection (d).
    (f) Congressional Notification.--No Medal of Honor may be 
awarded pursuant to subsection (e) until the Secretary of 
Defense submits to the Committees on Armed Services of the 
Senate and the House of Representatives notice of the 
recommendations under subsection (d), including the name of 
each Asian American or Native American Pacific Islander war 
veteran recommended to be awarded a Medal of Honor and the 
rationale for such recommendation.
    (g) Waiver of Time Limitations.--An award of the Medal of 
Honor may be made under subsection (e) without regard to--
            (1) section 3744, 6248, or 8744 of title 10, United 
        States Code, as applicable; and
            (2) any regulation or other administrative 
        restriction on--
                    (A) the time for awarding the Medal of 
                Honor; or
                    (B) the awarding of the Medal of Honor for 
                service for which a Distinguished-Service 
                Cross, Navy Cross, or Air Force Cross has been 
                awarded.
    (h) Definition.--In this section, the term ``Native 
American Pacific Islander'' means a Native Hawaiian or Native 
American Pacific Islander, as those terms are defined in 
section 815 of the Native American Programs Act of 1974 (42 
U.S.C. 2992c).

          Subtitle J--Miscellaneous Reports and Other Matters

SEC. 591. REPEAL OF REQUIREMENT FOR A CHAPLAIN AT THE UNITED STATES AIR 
                    FORCE ACADEMY APPOINTED BY THE PRESIDENT.

    (a) Repeal.--Section 9337 of title 10, United States Code, 
is repealed.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the 
beginning of chapter 903 of such title is amended by striking 
the item related to section 9337.

SEC. 592. EXTENSION OF LIMITATION ON REDUCTION IN NUMBER OF MILITARY 
                    AND CIVILIAN PERSONNEL ASSIGNED TO DUTY WITH 
                    SERVICE REVIEW AGENCIES.

    Section 1559(a) of title 10, United States Code, is amended 
by striking ``December 31, 2016'' and inserting ``December 31, 
2019''.

SEC. 593. ANNUAL REPORTS ON PROGRESS OF THE ARMY AND THE MARINE CORPS 
                    IN INTEGRATING WOMEN INTO MILITARY OCCUPATIONAL 
                    SPECIALITIES AND UNITS RECENTLY OPENED TO WOMEN.

    (a) Reports Required.--Not later than April 1, 2017, and 
each year thereafter through 2020, the Chief of Staff of the 
Army and the Commandant of the Marine Corps shall each submit 
to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House 
of Representatives a report on the current status of the 
implementation by the Army and the Marine Corps, respectively, 
of the policy of Secretary of Defense dated March 9, 2016, to 
open to women military occupational specialties and units 
previously closed to women.
    (b) Elements.--Each report shall include, current as of the 
date of such report and for the Armed Force covered by such 
report, the following:
            (1) The status of gender-neutral standards 
        throughout the Entry Level Training continuum.
            (2) The propensity of applicants to apply for and 
        access into newly-opened ground combat programs, by 
        gender and program.
            (3) Success rates in Initial Screening Tests and 
        Military Occupational Speciality (MOS) Classification 
        Standards for newly-opened ground combat military 
        occupational specialties, by gender.
            (4) Attrition rates and the top three causes of 
        attrition throughout the Entry Level Training 
        continuum, by gender and military occupational 
        specialty.
            (5) Reclassification rates and the top three causes 
        of reclassification throughout the Entry Level Training 
        continuum, by gender and military occupational 
        specialty.
            (6) Injury rates and the top five causes of injury 
        throughout the Entry Level Training continuum, by 
        gender and military occupational specialty.
            (7) Injury rates and nondeployability rates in 
        newly-opened ground combat military occupational 
        specialties, by gender and military occupational 
        specialty.
            (8) Lateral move approval rates into newly-opened 
        military occupational specialties, by gender and 
        military occupational specialty.
            (9) Reenlistment and retention rates in newly-
        opened ground combat military occupational specialties, 
        by gender and military occupational specialty.
            (10) Promotion rates in newly-opened ground combat 
        military occupational specialties, by grade and gender.
            (11) Actions taken to address matters relating to 
        equipment sizing and supply, and facilities, in 
        connection with the implementation by such Armed Force 
        of the policy referred to in paragraph (1).
    (c) Applicability to SOCOM.--In addition to the reports 
required by subsection (a), the Commander of the United States 
Special Operations Command shall submit to the Committees on 
Armed Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives, 
on the dates provided for in subsection (a), a report on the 
current status of the implementation by the United States 
Special Operations Command of the policy of Secretary of 
Defense referred to in subsection (a). Each report shall 
include the matters specified in subsection (b) with respect to 
the United States Special Operations Command.

SEC. 594. REPORT ON FEASABILITY OF ELECTRONIC TRACKING OF OPERATIONAL 
                    ACTIVE-DUTY SERVICE PERFORMED BY MEMBERS OF THE 
                    READY RESERVE OF THE ARMED FORCES.

    Not later than March 1, 2017, the Secretary of Defense 
shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate 
and the House of Representatives a report on the feasability of 
establishing an electronic means by which members of the Ready 
Reserve of the Armed Forces can track their operational active-
duty service performed after January 28, 2008, under section 
12301(a), 12301(d), 12301(g), 12302, or 12304 of title 10, 
United States Code. The means assessed for purposes of the 
report shall include a tour calculator that specifies early 
retirement credit authorized for each qualifying tour of active 
duty, as well as cumulative early reserve retirement credit 
authorized to date under section 12731(f) of such title.

SEC. 595. REPORT ON DISCHARGE BY WARRANT OFFICERS OF PILOT AND OTHER 
                    FLIGHT OFFICER POSITIONS IN THE NAVY, MARINE CORPS, 
                    AND AIR FORCE CURRENTLY DISCHARGED BY COMMISSIONED 
                    OFFICERS.

    (a) Report Required.--Not later than 180 days after the 
date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of the Navy 
and the Secretary of the Air Force shall each submit to the 
Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
Representatives a report on the feasibility and advisability of 
the discharge by warrant officers of pilot and other flight 
officer positions in the Armed Forces under the jurisdiction of 
such Secretary that are currently discharged by commissioned 
officers.
    (b) Elements.--Each report under subsection (a) shall set 
forth, for each Armed Force covered by such report, the 
following:
            (1) An assessment of the feasibility and 
        advisability of the discharge by warrant officers of 
        pilot and other flight officer positions that are 
        currently discharged by commissioned officers.
            (2) An identification of each such position, if 
        any, for which the discharge by warrant officers is 
        assessed to be feasible and advisable.

SEC. 596. BODY MASS INDEX TEST.

    (a) Review Required.--Each Secretary of a military 
department shall review--
            (1) the current body mass index test procedure used 
        by each Armed Force under the jurisdiction of that 
        Secretary; and
            (2) other methods to measure body fat with a more 
        holistic health and wellness approach.
    (b) Elements.--The review required under subsection (a) 
shall--
            (1) address nutrition counseling;
            (2) determine the best methods to be used by the 
        Armed Forces to assess body fat percentages; and
            (3) improve the accuracy of body fat measurements.

SEC. 597. REPORT ON CAREER PROGRESSION TRACKS OF THE ARMED FORCES FOR 
                    WOMEN IN COMBAT ARMS UNITS.

    Not later than 30 days after the date of the enactment of 
this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to Congress a 
report setting forth a description, for each Armed Force, of 
the following:
            (1) The career progression track for entry level 
        women as officers in combat arms units of such Armed 
        Force.
            (2) The career progression track for laterally 
        transferred women as officers in combat arms units of 
        such Armed Force.
            (3) The career progression track for entry level 
        women as enlisted members in combat arms units of such 
        Armed Force.
            (4) The career progression track for laterally 
        transferred women as enlisted members in combat arms 
        units of such Armed Force.

           TITLE VI--COMPENSATION AND OTHER PERSONNEL BENEFITS

                     Subtitle A--Pay and Allowances

Sec. 601. Fiscal year 2017 increase in military basic pay.
Sec. 602. Publication by Department of Defense of actual rates of basic 
          pay payable to members of the Armed Forces by pay grade for 
          annual or other pay periods.
Sec. 603. Extension of authority to provide temporary increase in rates 
          of basic allowance for housing under certain circumstances.
Sec. 604. Reports on a new single-salary pay system for members of the 
          Armed Forces.

           Subtitle B--Bonuses and Special and Incentive Pays

Sec. 611. One-year extension of certain bonus and special pay 
          authorities for reserve forces.
Sec. 612. One-year extension of certain bonus and special pay 
          authorities for health care professionals.
Sec. 613. One-year extension of special pay and bonus authorities for 
          nuclear officers.
Sec. 614. One-year extension of authorities relating to title 37 
          consolidated special pay, incentive pay, and bonus 
          authorities.
Sec. 615. One-year extension of authorities relating to payment of other 
          title 37 bonuses and special pays.
Sec. 616. Aviation incentive pay and bonus matters.
Sec. 617. Conforming amendment to consolidation of special pay, 
          incentive pay, and bonus authorities.
Sec. 618. Technical amendments relating to 2008 consolidation of certain 
          special pay authorities.

            Subtitle C--Travel and Transportation Allowances

Sec. 621. Maximum reimbursement amount for travel expenses of members of 
          the Reserves attending inactive duty training outside of 
          normal commuting distances.

     Subtitle D--Disability Pay, Retired Pay, and Survivor Benefits

        Part I--Amendments in Connection With Retired Pay Reform

Sec. 631. Election period for members in the service academies and 
          inactive Reserves to participate in the modernized retirement 
          system.
Sec. 632. Effect of separation of members from the uniformed services on 
          participation in the Thrift Savings Plan.
Sec. 633. Continuation pay for full Thrift Savings Plan members who have 
          completed 8 to 12 years of service.
Sec. 634. Combat-related special compensation coordinating amendment.

                         Part II--Other Matters

Sec. 641. Use of member's current pay grade and years of service and 
          retired pay cost-of-living adjustments, rather than final 
          retirement pay grade and years of service, in a division of 
          property involving disposable retired pay.
Sec. 642. Equal benefits under Survivor Benefit Plan for survivors of 
          reserve component members who die in the line of duty during 
          inactive-duty training.
Sec. 643. Authority to deduct Survivor Benefit Plan premiums from 
          combat-related special compensation when retired pay not 
          sufficient.
Sec. 644. Extension of allowance covering monthly premium for 
          Servicemembers' Group Life Insurance while in certain overseas 
          areas to cover members in any combat zone or overseas direct 
          support area.
Sec. 645. Authority for payment of pay and allowances and retired and 
          retainer pay pursuant to power of attorney.
Sec. 646. Extension of authority to pay special survivor indemnity 
          allowance under the Survivor Benefit Plan.
Sec. 647. Repeal of obsolete authority for combat-related injury 
          rehabilitation pay.
Sec. 648. Independent assessment of the Survivor Benefit Plan.

Subtitle E--Commissary and Nonappropriated Fund Instrumentality Benefits 
                             and Operations

Sec. 661. Protection and enhancement of access to and savings at 
          commissaries and exchanges.
Sec. 662. Acceptance of Military Star Card at commissaries.

                        Subtitle F--Other Matters

Sec. 671. Recovery of amounts owed to the United States by members of 
          the uniformed services.
Sec. 672. Modification of flat rate per diem requirement for personnel 
          on long-term temporary duty assignments.

                     Subtitle A--Pay and Allowances

SEC. 601. FISCAL YEAR 2017 INCREASE IN MILITARY BASIC PAY.

    (a) Waiver of Section 1009 Adjustment.--The adjustment to 
become effective during fiscal year 2017 required by section 
1009 of title 37, United States Code, in the rates of monthly 
basic pay authorized members of the uniformed services shall 
not be made.
    (b) Increase in Basic Pay.--Effective on January 1, 2017, 
the rates of monthly basic pay for members of the uniformed 
services are increased by 2.1 percent.

SEC. 602. PUBLICATION BY DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE OF ACTUAL RATES OF BASIC 
                    PAY PAYABLE TO MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES BY PAY 
                    GRADE FOR ANNUAL OR OTHER PAY PERIODS.

    Any pay table published or otherwise issued by the 
Department of Defense to indicate the rates of basic pay of the 
Armed Forces in effect for members of the Armed Forces for a 
calendar year or other period shall state the rate of basic pay 
to be received by members in each pay grade for such year or 
period as specified or otherwise provided by applicable law, 
including any rate to be so received pursuant during such year 
or period by the operation of a ceiling under section 203(a)(2) 
of title 37, United States Code, or a similar provision in an 
annual defense authorization Act.

SEC. 603. EXTENSION OF AUTHORITY TO PROVIDE TEMPORARY INCREASE IN RATES 
                    OF BASIC ALLOWANCE FOR HOUSING UNDER CERTAIN 
                    CIRCUMSTANCES.

    Section 403(b)(7)(E) of title 37, United States Code, is 
amended by striking ``December 31, 2016'' and inserting 
``December 31, 2017''.

SEC. 604. REPORTS ON A NEW SINGLE-SALARY PAY SYSTEM FOR MEMBERS OF THE 
                    ARMED FORCES.

    (a) Report on Plan To Implement New Pay Structure.--Not 
later than March 1, 2017, the Secretary of Defense shall submit 
to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House 
of Representative a report that sets forth the following:
            (1) The military pay tables as of January 1, 2017, 
        reflecting the Regular Military Compensation of members 
        of the Armed Forces as of that date in the range of 
        grades, dependency statuses, and assignment locations.
            (2) A comprehensive description of the manner in 
        which the Department of Defense would begin, by not 
        later than January 1, 2018, to implement a transition 
        between the current pay structure for members of the 
        Armed Forces and a new pay structure for members of the 
        Armed Forces as provided for by this section.
    (b) Report on Elements of New Pay Structure.--Not later 
than January 1, 2018, the Secretary shall submit to the 
Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
Representative a report that sets forth the following:
            (1) A description and comparison of the current pay 
        structure for members of the Armed Forces and a new pay 
        structure for members of the Armed Forces, including 
        new pay tables, that uses a single-salary pay system 
        (as adjusted by the same cost-of-living adjustment that 
        the Department of Defense uses worldwide for civilian 
        employees) based on the assumptions in subsection (c).
            (2) A proposal for such legislative and 
        administrative action as the Secretary considers 
        appropriate to implement the new pay structure, and to 
        provide for a transition between the current pay 
        structure and the new pay structure.
            (3) A comprehensive schedule for the implementation 
        of the new pay structure and for the transition between 
        the current pay structure and the new pay structure, 
        including all significant deadlines.
    (c) New Pay Structure.--The new pay structure described 
pursuant to subsection (b)(1) shall assume the repeal of the 
basic allowance for housing and basic allowance subsistence for 
members of the Armed Forces in favor of a single-salary pay 
system, and shall include the following:
            (1) A statement of pay comparability with the 
        civilian sector adequate to effectively recruit and 
        retain a high-quality All-Volunteer Force.
            (2) The level of pay necessary by grade and years 
        of service to meet pay comparability as described in 
        paragraph (1) in order to recruit and retain a high-
        quality All-Volunteer Force.
            (3) Necessary modifications to the military 
        retirement system, including the retired pay 
        multiplier, to ensure that members of the Armed Forces 
        under the pay structure are situated similarly to where 
        they would otherwise be under the military retirement 
        system that will take effect on January 1, 2018, by 
        reason part I of subtitle D of the National Defense 
        Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2016 (Public Law 114-
        92; 129 Stat. 842), and the amendments made by that 
        part.
    (d) Cost Containment.--The single-salary pay system under 
the new pay structure provided for by this section shall be a 
single-salary pay system that will result in no or minimal 
additional costs to the Government, both in terms of annual 
discretionary outlays and entitlements, when compared with the 
continuation of the current pay system for members of the Armed 
Forces.

           Subtitle B--Bonuses and Special and Incentive Pays

SEC. 611. ONE-YEAR EXTENSION OF CERTAIN BONUS AND SPECIAL PAY 
                    AUTHORITIES FOR RESERVE FORCES.

    The following sections of title 37, United States Code, are 
amended by striking ``December 31, 2016'' and inserting 
``December 31, 2017'':
            (1) Section 308b(g), relating to Selected Reserve 
        reenlistment bonus.
            (2) Section 308c(i), relating to Selected Reserve 
        affiliation or enlistment bonus.
            (3) Section 308d(c), relating to special pay for 
        enlisted members assigned to certain high-priority 
        units.
            (4) Section 308g(f)(2), relating to Ready Reserve 
        enlistment bonus for persons without prior service.
            (5) Section 308h(e), relating to Ready Reserve 
        enlistment and reenlistment bonus for persons with 
        prior service.
            (6) Section 308i(f), relating to Selected Reserve 
        enlistment and reenlistment bonus for persons with 
        prior service.
            (7) Section 478a(e), relating to reimbursement of 
        travel expenses for inactive-duty training outside of 
        normal commuting distance.
            (8) Section 910(g), relating to income replacement 
        payments for reserve component members experiencing 
        extended and frequent mobilization for active duty 
        service.

SEC. 612. ONE-YEAR EXTENSION OF CERTAIN BONUS AND SPECIAL PAY 
                    AUTHORITIES FOR HEALTH CARE PROFESSIONALS.

    (a) Title 10 Authorities.--The following sections of title 
10, United States Code, are amended by striking ``December 31, 
2016'' and inserting ``December 31, 2017'':
            (1) Section 2130a(a)(1), relating to nurse officer 
        candidate accession program.
            (2) Section 16302(d), relating to repayment of 
        education loans for certain health professionals who 
        serve in the Selected Reserve.
    (b) Title 37 Authorities.--The following sections of title 
37, United States Code, are amended by striking ``December 31, 
2016'' and inserting ``December 31, 2017'':
            (1) Section 302c-1(f), relating to accession and 
        retention bonuses for psychologists.
            (2) Section 302d(a)(1), relating to accession bonus 
        for registered nurses.
            (3) Section 302e(a)(1), relating to incentive 
        special pay for nurse anesthetists.
            (4) Section 302g(e), relating to special pay for 
        Selected Reserve health professionals in critically 
        short wartime specialties.
            (5) Section 302h(a)(1), relating to accession bonus 
        for dental officers.
            (6) Section 302j(a), relating to accession bonus 
        for pharmacy officers.
            (7) Section 302k(f), relating to accession bonus 
        for medical officers in critically short wartime 
        specialties.
            (8) Section 302l(g), relating to accession bonus 
        for dental specialist officers in critically short 
        wartime specialties.

SEC. 613. ONE-YEAR EXTENSION OF SPECIAL PAY AND BONUS AUTHORITIES FOR 
                    NUCLEAR OFFICERS.

    The following sections of title 37, United States Code, are 
amended by striking ``December 31, 2016'' and inserting 
``December 31, 2017'':
            (1) Section 312(f), relating to special pay for 
        nuclear-qualified officers extending period of active 
        service.
            (2) Section 312b(c), relating to nuclear career 
        accession bonus.
            (3) Section 312c(d), relating to nuclear career 
        annual incentive bonus.

SEC. 614. ONE-YEAR EXTENSION OF AUTHORITIES RELATING TO TITLE 37 
                    CONSOLIDATED SPECIAL PAY, INCENTIVE PAY, AND BONUS 
                    AUTHORITIES.

    The following sections of title 37, United States Code, are 
amended by striking ``December 31, 2016'' and inserting 
``December 31, 2017'':
            (1) Section 331(h), relating to general bonus 
        authority for enlisted members.
            (2) Section 332(g), relating to general bonus 
        authority for officers.
            (3) Section 333(i), relating to special bonus and 
        incentive pay authorities for nuclear officers.
            (4) Section 334(i), relating to special aviation 
        incentive pay and bonus authorities for officers.
            (5) Section 335(k), relating to special bonus and 
        incentive pay authorities for officers in health 
        professions.
            (6) Section 336(g), relating to contracting bonus 
        for cadets and midshipmen enrolled in the Senior 
        Reserve Officers' Training Corps.
            (7) Section 351(h), relating to hazardous duty pay.
            (8) Section 352(g), relating to assignment pay or 
        special duty pay.
            (9) Section 353(i), relating to skill incentive pay 
        or proficiency bonus.
            (10) Section 355(h), relating to retention 
        incentives for members qualified in critical military 
        skills or assigned to high priority units.

SEC. 615. ONE-YEAR EXTENSION OF AUTHORITIES RELATING TO PAYMENT OF 
                    OTHER TITLE 37 BONUSES AND SPECIAL PAYS.

    The following sections of title 37, United States Code, are 
amended by striking ``December 31, 2016'' and inserting 
``December 31, 2017'':
            (1) Section 301b(a), relating to aviation officer 
        retention bonus.
            (2) Section 307a(g), relating to assignment 
        incentive pay.
            (3) Section 308(g), relating to reenlistment bonus 
        for active members.
            (4) Section 309(e), relating to enlistment bonus.
            (5) Section 316a(g), relating to incentive pay for 
        members of precommissioning programs pursuing foreign 
        language proficiency.
            (6) Section 324(g), relating to accession bonus for 
        new officers in critical skills.
            (7) Section 326(g), relating to incentive bonus for 
        conversion to military occupational specialty to ease 
        personnel shortage.
            (8) Section 327(h), relating to incentive bonus for 
        transfer between Armed Forces.
            (9) Section 330(f), relating to accession bonus for 
        officer candidates.

SEC. 616. AVIATION INCENTIVE PAY AND BONUS MATTERS.

    (a) Maximum Incentive Pay and Bonus Amounts.--Paragraph (1) 
of section 334(c) of title 37, United States Code, is amended 
by striking subparagraphs (A) and (B) and inserting the 
following new subparagraphs:
                    ``(A) aviation incentive pay under 
                subsection (a) shall be paid at a monthly rate 
                not to exceed $1,000 per month; and
                    ``(B) an aviation bonus under subsection 
                (b) may not exceed $35,000 for each 12-month 
                period of obligated service agreed to under 
                subsection (d).''.
    (b) Annual Business Case for Payment of Aviation Bonus.--
Such section is further amended--
            (1) by redesignating paragraphs (2) and (3) as 
        paragraphs (3) and (4), respectively; and
            (2) by inserting after paragraph (1) the following 
        new paragraph (2):
            ``(2) Annual business case for payment of aviation 
        bonus amounts.--
                    ``(A) In general.--The Secretary concerned 
                shall determine the amount of the aviation 
                bonus payable under paragraph (1)(B) under 
                agreements entered into under subsection (d) 
                during a fiscal year solely through a business 
                case analysis of the amount required to be paid 
                under such agreements in order to address 
                anticipated manning shortfalls for such fiscal 
                year by aircraft type category.
                    ``(B) Budget justification documents.--The 
                budget justification documents in support of 
                the budget of the President for a fiscal year 
                (as submitted to Congress pursuant to section 
                1105 of title 31) shall set forth for each 
                uniformed service the following:
                            ``(i) The amount requested for the 
                        payment of aviation bonuses under 
                        subsection (b) using amounts authorized 
                        to be appropriated for the fiscal year 
                        concerned by aircraft type category.
                            ``(ii) The business case analysis 
                        supporting the amount so requested by 
                        aircraft type category.
                            ``(iii) For each aircraft type 
                        category, whether or not the amount 
                        requested will permit the payment 
                        during the fiscal year concerned of the 
                        maximum amount of the aviation bonus 
                        authorized by paragraph (1)(B).
                            ``(iv) If any amount requested is 
                        to address manning shortfalls, a 
                        description of any plans of the 
                        Secretary concerned to address such 
                        shortfalls by nonmonetary means.''.

SEC. 617. CONFORMING AMENDMENT TO CONSOLIDATION OF SPECIAL PAY, 
                    INCENTIVE PAY, AND BONUS AUTHORITIES.

    Section 332(c)(1)(B) of title 37, United States Code, is 
amended by striking ``$12,000'' and inserting ``$20,000''.

SEC. 618. TECHNICAL AMENDMENTS RELATING TO 2008 CONSOLIDATION OF 
                    CERTAIN SPECIAL PAY AUTHORITIES.

    (a) Family Care Plans.--Section 586 of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2008 (Public Law 110-181; 10 
U.S.C. 991 note) is amended by inserting ``or 351'' after 
``section 310''.
    (b) Dependents' Medical Care.--Section 1079(g)(1) of title 
10, United States Code, is amended by inserting ``or 351'' 
after ``section 310''.
    (c) Retention on Active Duty During Disability Evaluation 
Process.--Section 1218(d)(1) of title 10, United States Code, 
is amended by inserting ``or 351'' after ``section 310''.
    (d) Storage Space.--Section 362(1) of the John Warner 
National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2007 (Public 
Law 109-364; 10 U.S.C. 2825 note) is amended by inserting ``, 
or paragraph (1) or (3) of section 351(a),'' after ``section 
310''.
    (e) Student Assistance Programs.--Sections 455(o)(3)(B) and 
465(a)(2)(D) of the Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 
1087e(o)(3)(B), 1087ee(a)(2)(D)) are amended by inserting ``, 
or paragraph (1) or (3) of section 351(a),'' after ``section 
310''.
    (f) Armed Forces Retirement Home.--Section 1512(a)(3)(A) of 
the Armed Forces Retirement Home Act of 1991 (24 U.S.C. 
412(a)(3)(A)) is amended by inserting ``or 351'' after 
``section 310''.
    (g) Veterans of Foreign Wars Membership.--Section 230103(3) 
of title 36, United States Code, is amended by inserting ``or 
351'' after ``section 310''.
    (h) Military Pay and Allowances.--Title 37, United States 
Code, is amended--
            (1) in section 212(a), by inserting ``, or 
        paragraph (1) or (3) of section 351(a),'' after 
        ``section 310'';
            (2) in section 402a(b)(3)(B), by inserting ``or 
        351'' after ``section 310'';
            (3) in section 481a(a), by inserting ``or 351'' 
        after ``section 310'';
            (4) in section 907(d)(1)(H), by inserting ``or 
        351'' after ``section 310''; and
            (5) in section 910(b)(2)(B), by inserting ``, or 
        paragraph (1) or (3) of section 351(a),'' after 
        ``section 310''.
    (i) Exclusions From Income for Purpose of Supplemental 
Security Income.--Section 1612(b)(20) of the Social Security 
Act (42 U.S.C. 1382a(b)(20)) is amended by inserting ``, or 
paragraph (1) or (3) of section 351(a),'' after ``section 
310''.
    (j) Exclusions From Income for Purpose of Head Start 
Program.--Section 645(a)(3)(B)(i) of the Head Start Act (42 
U.S.C. 9840(a)(3)(B)(i)) is amended by inserting ``or 351'' 
after ``section 310''.
    (k) Exclusions From Gross Income for Federal Income Tax 
Purposes.--Section 112(c)(5)(B) of the Internal Revenue Code of 
1986 is amended by inserting ``, or paragraph (1) or (3) of 
section 351(a),'' after ``section 310''.

            Subtitle C--Travel and Transportation Allowances

SEC. 621. MAXIMUM REIMBURSEMENT AMOUNT FOR TRAVEL EXPENSES OF MEMBERS 
                    OF THE RESERVES ATTENDING INACTIVE DUTY TRAINING 
                    OUTSIDE OF NORMAL COMMUTING DISTANCES.

    Section 478a(c) of title 37, United States Code, is 
amended--
            (1) by striking ``The amount'' and inserting the 
        following: ``(1) Except as provided by paragraph (2), 
        the amount''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following new 
        paragraph:
    ``(2) The Secretary concerned may authorize, on a case-by-
case basis, a higher reimbursement amount for a member under 
subsection (a) when the member--
            ``(A) resides--
                    ``(i) in the same State as the training 
                location; and
                    ``(ii) outside of an urbanized area with a 
                population of 50,000 or more, as determined by 
                the Bureau of the Census; and
            ``(B) is required to commute to a training 
        location--
                    ``(i) using an aircraft or boat on account 
                of limited or nonexistent vehicular routes to 
                the training location or other geographical 
                challenges; or
                    ``(ii) from a permanent residence located 
                more than 75 miles from the training 
                location.''.

     Subtitle D--Disability Pay, Retired Pay, and Survivor Benefits

        PART I--AMENDMENTS IN CONNECTION WITH RETIRED PAY REFORM

SEC. 631. ELECTION PERIOD FOR MEMBERS IN THE SERVICE ACADEMIES AND 
                    INACTIVE RESERVES TO PARTICIPATE IN THE MODERNIZED 
                    RETIREMENT SYSTEM.

    (a) In General.--Paragraph (4)(C) of section 1409(b) of 
title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in clause (i), by striking ``and (iii)'' and 
        inserting ``, (iii), (iv), and (v)''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following new clauses:
                            ``(iv) Cadets and midshipmen, 
                        etc.--A member of a uniformed service 
                        who serves as a cadet, midshipman, or 
                        member of the Senior Reserve Officers' 
                        Training Corps during the election 
                        period specified in clause (i) shall 
                        make the election described in 
                        subparagraph (B)--
                                    ``(I) on or after the date 
                                on which such cadet, 
                                midshipman, or member of the 
                                Senior Reserve Officers' 
                                Training Corps is appointed as 
                                a commissioned officer or 
                                otherwise begins to receive 
                                basic pay; and
                                    ``(II) not later than 30 
                                days after such date or the end 
                                of such election period, 
                                whichever is later.
                            ``(v) Inactive reserves.--A member 
                        of a reserve component who is not in an 
                        active status during the election 
                        period specified in clause (i) shall 
                        make the election described in 
                        subparagraph (B)--
                                    ``(I) on or after the date 
                                on which such member is 
                                transferred from an inactive 
                                status to an active status or 
                                active duty; and
                                    ``(II) not later than 30 
                                days after such date or the end 
                                of such election period, 
                                whichever is later.''.
    (b) Effective Date.--The amendments made by subsection (a) 
shall take effect on January 1, 2018, immediately after the 
coming into effect of the amendments made by section 631(a) of 
the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2016 
(Public Law 114-92; 129 Stat. 842), to which the amendments 
made by subsection (a) relate.

SEC. 632. EFFECT OF SEPARATION OF MEMBERS FROM THE UNIFORMED SERVICES 
                    ON PARTICIPATION IN THE THRIFT SAVINGS PLAN.

    Effective as of the date of the enactment of this Act, 
paragraph (2) of section 632(c) of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2016 (Public Law 114-92; 129 
Stat. 847) is repealed, and the amendment proposed to be made 
by that paragraph shall not be made or go into effect.

SEC. 633. CONTINUATION PAY FOR FULL THRIFT SAVINGS PLAN MEMBERS WHO 
                    HAVE COMPLETED 8 TO 12 YEARS OF SERVICE.

    (a) Continuation Pay.--Subsection (a) of section 356 of 
title 37, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) by striking paragraph (1) and inserting the 
        following new paragraph (1):
            ``(1) has completed not less than 8 and not more 
        than 12 years of service in a uniformed service; and''; 
        and
            (2) in paragraph (2), by striking ``an additional 4 
        years'' and inserting ``not less than 3 additional 
        years''.
    (b) Payment Amount.--Subsection (b) of such section is 
amended by striking all the matter preceding paragraph (1) and 
inserting the following:
    ``(b) Payment Amount.--The Secretary concerned shall 
determine the payment amount under this section as a multiple 
of a full TSP member's monthly basic pay. The multiple for a 
full TSP member who is a member of a regular component or a 
reserve component, if the member is performing active Guard and 
Reserve duty (as defined in section 101(d)(6) of title 10), 
shall not be less than 2.5 times the member's monthly basic 
pay. The multiple for a full TSP member who is a member of a 
reserve component not performing active Guard or Reserve duty 
(as so defined) shall not be less than 0.5 times the monthly 
basic pay to which the member would be entitled if the member 
were a member of a regular component. The maximum amount the 
Secretary concerned may pay a member under this section is--''.
    (c) Timing of Payment.--Subsection (d) of such section is 
amended to read as follows:
    ``(d) Timing of Payment.--The Secretary concerned shall pay 
continuation pay under subsection (a) to a full TSP member when 
the member has completed not less than 8 and not more than 12 
years of service in a uniformed service.''.
    (d) Conforming and Clerical Amendments.--
            (1) Heading.--The heading of such section is 
        amended to read as follows:

``Sec. 356. Continuation pay: full TSP members with 8 to 12 years of 
                    service''.

            (2) Table of sections.--The table of sections at 
        the beginning of chapter 5 of such title is amended by 
        striking the item relating to section 356 and inserting 
        the following new item:

``356. Continuation pay: full TSP members with 8 to 12 years of 
          service.''.
    (e) Effective Date.--The amendments made by this section 
shall take effect on January 1, 2018, immediately after the 
coming into effect of the amendments providing for section 356 
of title 37, United States Code, to which the amendments made 
by this section relate.

SEC. 634. COMBAT-RELATED SPECIAL COMPENSATION COORDINATING AMENDMENT.

    (a) In General.--Section 1413a(b)(3)(B) of title 10, United 
States Code, is amended by striking ``2\1/2\ percent'' and 
inserting ``the retired pay percentage (determined for the 
member under section 1409(b) of this title)''.
    (b) Effective Date.--The amendment made by subsection (a) 
shall take effect on January 1, 2018, immediately after the 
coming into effect of the amendments made by part I of subtitle 
D of title VI of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
Fiscal Year 2016 (Public Law 114-92; 129 Stat. 842), to which 
the amendment made by subsection (a) relates.

                         PART II--OTHER MATTERS

SEC. 641. USE OF MEMBER'S CURRENT PAY GRADE AND YEARS OF SERVICE AND 
                    RETIRED PAY COST-OF-LIVING ADJUSTMENTS, RATHER THAN 
                    FINAL RETIREMENT PAY GRADE AND YEARS OF SERVICE, IN 
                    A DIVISION OF PROPERTY INVOLVING DISPOSABLE RETIRED 
                    PAY.

    (a) In General.--Section 1408(a)(4) of title 10, United 
States Code, is amended--
            (1) by redesignating subparagraphs (A), (B), (C), 
        (D) as clauses (i), (ii), (iii), (iv), respectively;
            (2) by inserting ``(A)'' after ``(4)'';
            (3) in subparagraph (A), as designated by paragraph 
        (2), by inserting ``(as determined pursuant to 
        subparagraph (B)'' after ``member is entitled''; and
            (4) by adding at the end the following new 
        subparagraph:
            ``(B) For purposes of subparagraph (A), the total 
        monthly retired pay to which a member is entitled shall 
        be--
                    ``(i) the amount of basic pay payable to 
                the member for the member's pay grade and years 
                of service at the time of the court order, as 
                increased by
                    ``(ii) each cost-of-living adjustment that 
                occurs under section 1401a(b) of this title 
                between the time of the court order and the 
                time of the member's retirement using the 
                adjustment provisions under that section 
                applicable to the member upon retirement.''.
    (b) Application of Amendments.--The amendments made by 
subsection (a) shall apply with respect to any division of 
property as part of a final decree of divorce, dissolution, 
annulment, or legal separation involving a member of the Armed 
Forces to which section 1408 of title 10, United States Code, 
applies that becomes final after the date of the enactment of 
this Act.

SEC. 642. EQUAL BENEFITS UNDER SURVIVOR BENEFIT PLAN FOR SURVIVORS OF 
                    RESERVE COMPONENT MEMBERS WHO DIE IN THE LINE OF 
                    DUTY DURING INACTIVE-DUTY TRAINING.

    (a) Treatment of Inactive-Duty Training in Same Manner as 
Active Duty.--Section 1451(c)(1)(A) of title 10, United States 
Code, is amended--
            (1) in clause (i)--
                    (A) by inserting ``or 1448(f)'' after 
                ``section 1448(d)''; and
                    (B) by inserting ``or (iii)'' after 
                ``clause (ii)''; and
            (2) in clause (iii)--
                    (A) by striking ``section 1448(f) of this 
                title'' and inserting ``section 1448(f)(1)(A) 
                of this title by reason of the death of a 
                member or former member not in line of duty''; 
                and
                    (B) by striking ``active service'' and 
                inserting ``service''.
    (b) Consistent Treatment of Dependent Children.--Paragraph 
(2) of section 1448(f) of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended to read as follows:
            ``(2) Dependent children annuity.--
                    ``(A) Annuity when no eligible surviving 
                spouse.--In the case of a person described in 
                paragraph (1), the Secretary concerned shall 
                pay an annuity under this subchapter to the 
                dependent children of that person under section 
                1450(a)(2) of this title as applicable.
                    ``(B) Optional annuity when there is an 
                eligible surviving spouse.--The Secretary may 
                pay an annuity under this subchapter to the 
                dependent children of a person described in 
                paragraph (1) under section 1450(a)(3) of this 
                title, if applicable, instead of paying an 
                annuity to the surviving spouse under paragraph 
                (1), if the Secretary concerned, in 
                consultation with the surviving spouse, 
                determines it appropriate to provide an annuity 
                for the dependent children under this paragraph 
                instead of an annuity for the surviving spouse 
                under paragraph (1).''.
    (c) Deemed Elections.--Section 1448(f) of title 10, United 
States Code, is further amended by adding at the end the 
following new paragraph:
            ``(5) Deemed election to provide an annuity for 
        dependent.--Paragraph (6) of subsection (d) shall apply 
        in the case of a member described in paragraph (1) who 
        dies after November 23, 2003, when no other annuity is 
        payable on behalf of the member under this 
        subchapter.''.
    (d) Availability of Special Survivor Indemnity Allowance.--
Section 1450(m)(1)(B) of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended by inserting ``or (f)'' after ``subsection (d)''.
    (e) Application of Amendments.--
            (1) Payment.--No annuity benefit under subchapter 
        II of chapter 73 of title 10, United States Code, shall 
        accrue to any person by reason of the amendments made 
        by this section for any period before the date of the 
        enactment of this Act.
            (2) Elections.--For any death that occurred before 
        the date of the enactment of this Act with respect to 
        which an annuity under such subchapter is being paid 
        (or could be paid) to a surviving spouse, the Secretary 
        concerned may, within six months of that date and in 
        consultation with the surviving spouse, determine it 
        appropriate to provide an annuity for the dependent 
        children of the decedent under paragraph 1448(f)(2)(B) 
        of title 10, United States Code, as added by subsection 
        (b), instead of an annuity for the surviving spouse. 
        Any such determination and resulting change in 
        beneficiary shall be effective as of the first day of 
        the first month following the date of the 
        determination.

SEC. 643. AUTHORITY TO DEDUCT SURVIVOR BENEFIT PLAN PREMIUMS FROM 
                    COMBAT-RELATED SPECIAL COMPENSATION WHEN RETIRED 
                    PAY NOT SUFFICIENT.

    (a) Authority.--Subsection (d) of section 1452 of title 10, 
United States Code, is amended--
            (1) by redesignating paragraph (2) as paragraph 
        (3); and
            (2) by inserting after paragraph (1) the following 
        new paragraph (2):
            ``(2) Deduction from combat-related special 
        compensation when retired pay not adequate.--In the 
        case of a person who has elected to participate in the 
        Plan and who has been awarded both retired pay and 
        combat-related special compensation under section 1413a 
        of this title, if a deduction from the person's retired 
        pay for any period cannot be made in the full amount 
        required, there shall be deducted from the person's 
        combat-related special compensation in lieu of 
        deduction from the person's retired pay the amount that 
        would otherwise have been deducted from the person's 
        retired pay for that period.''.
    (b) Conforming Amendments to Section 1452.--
            (1) Subsection (d) of such section is further 
        amended--
                    (A) in the subsection heading, by inserting 
                ``or Not Sufficient'' after ``Not Paid'';
                    (B) in paragraph (1), by inserting before 
                the period at the end the following: ``, except 
                to the extent that the required deduction is 
                made pursuant to paragraph (2)''; and
                    (C) in paragraph (3), as redesignated by 
                subsection (a)(1), by striking ``Paragraph (1) 
                does not'' and inserting ``Paragraphs (1) and 
                (2) do not''.
            (2) Subsection (f)(1) of such section is amended by 
        inserting ``or combat-related special compensation'' 
        after ``from retired pay''.
            (3) Subsection (g)(4) of such section is amended--
                    (A) in the paragraph heading, by inserting 
                ``or crsc'' after ``retired pay''; and
                    (B) by inserting ``or combat-related 
                special compensation'' after ``from the retired 
                pay''.
    (c) Conforming Amendments to Other Provisions of SBP 
Statute.--
            (1) Section 1449(b)(2) of such title is amended--
                    (A) in the paragraph heading, by inserting 
                ``or crsc'' after ``retired pay''; and
                    (B) by inserting ``or combat-related 
                special compensation'' after ``from retired 
                pay''.
            (2) Section 1450(e) of such title is amended--
                    (A) in the subsection heading, by inserting 
                ``or CRSC'' after ``Retired Pay''; and
                    (B) in paragraph (1), by inserting ``or 
                combat-related special compensation'' after 
                ``from the retired pay''.

SEC. 644. EXTENSION OF ALLOWANCE COVERING MONTHLY PREMIUM FOR 
                    SERVICEMEMBERS' GROUP LIFE INSURANCE WHILE IN 
                    CERTAIN OVERSEAS AREAS TO COVER MEMBERS IN ANY 
                    COMBAT ZONE OR OVERSEAS DIRECT SUPPORT AREA.

    (a) Expansion of Coverage.--Subsection (a) of section 437 
of title 37, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) by inserting ``(1)'' before ``In the case of'';
            (2) by striking ``who serves in the theater of 
        operations for Operation Enduring Freedom or Operation 
        Iraqi Freedom'' and inserting ``who serves in a 
        designated duty assignment''; and
            (3) by adding at the end the following new 
        paragraph:
    ``(2) In this subsection, the term `designated duty 
assignment' means a permanent or temporary duty assignment 
outside the United States or its possessions in support of a 
contingency operation in an area that--
            ``(A) has been designated a combat zone; or
            ``(B) is in direct support of an area that has been 
        designated a combat zone.''.
    (b) Conforming Amendments.--
            (1) Cross-reference.--Subsection (b) of such 
        section is amended by striking ``theater of 
        operations'' and inserting ``designated duty 
        assignment''.
            (2) Section heading.--The heading of such section 
        is amended to read as follows:

``Sec. 437. Allowance to cover monthly premiums for Servicemembers' 
                    Group Life Insurance: members serving in a 
                    designated duty assignment''.

            (3) Table of sections.--The item relating to 
        section 437 in the table of sections at the beginning 
        of chapter 7 of such title is amended to read as 
        follows:

``437. Allowance to cover monthly premium for Servicemembers' Group Life 
          Insurance: members serving in a designated duty assignment.''.
    (c) Effective Date.--The amendments made by this section 
shall apply to service by members of the Armed Forces in a 
designated duty assignment (as defined in subsection (a)(2) of 
section 437 of title 37, United States Code) for any month 
beginning on or after the date of the enactment of this Act.

SEC. 645. AUTHORITY FOR PAYMENT OF PAY AND ALLOWANCES AND RETIRED AND 
                    RETAINER PAY PURSUANT TO POWER OF ATTORNEY.

    Section 602 of title 37, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)--
                    (A) by striking ``, in the opinion of a 
                board of medical officers or physicians,''; and
                    (B) by striking ``use or benefit'' and all 
                that follows through ``any person designated'' 
                and inserting the following: ``use or benefit 
                to--
            ``(1) a legal committee, guardian, or other 
        representative that has been appointed by a court of 
        competent jurisdiction;
            ``(2) an individual to whom the member has granted 
        authority to manage such funds pursuant to a valid and 
        legally executed durable power of attorney; or
            ``(3) any person designated'';
            (2) in subsection (b)--
                    (A) by striking ``The board shall consist'' 
                and inserting ``An individual may not be 
                designated under subsection (a)(3) to receive 
                payments unless a board consisting''; and
                    (B) by inserting ``determines that the 
                member is mentally incapable of managing the 
                member's affairs. Any such board shall be'' 
                after ``treatment of mental disorders,'';
            (3) in subsection (c), by striking ``designated'' 
        and inserting ``authorized to receive payments'';
            (4) in subsection (d), by inserting ``, unless a 
        court of competent jurisdiction orders payment of such 
        fee, commission, or other charge'' before the period;
            (5) by striking subsection (e);
            (6) by redesignating subsection (f) as subsection 
        (e); and
            (7) in subsection (e), as redesignated by paragraph 
        (6)--
                    (A) by inserting ``under subsection 
                (a)(3)'' after ``who is designated''; and
                    (B) by striking ``$1,000'' and inserting 
                ``$25,000''.

SEC. 646. EXTENSION OF AUTHORITY TO PAY SPECIAL SURVIVOR INDEMNITY 
                    ALLOWANCE UNDER THE SURVIVOR BENEFIT PLAN.

    Section 1450(m) of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended--
            (1) in paragraph (2)(I), by striking ``fiscal year 
        2017'' and inserting ``each of fiscal years 2017 and 
        2018''; and
            (2) in paragraph (6)--
                    (A) by striking ``September 30, 2017'' and 
                inserting ``May 31, 2018''; and
                    (B) by striking ``October 1, 2017'' both 
                places it appears and inserting ``June 1, 
                2018''.

SEC. 647. REPEAL OF OBSOLETE AUTHORITY FOR COMBAT-RELATED INJURY 
                    REHABILITATION PAY.

    (a) Repeal.--Section 328 of title 37, United States Code, 
is repealed.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the 
beginning of chapter 5 of such title is amended by striking the 
item relating to section 328.

SEC. 648. INDEPENDENT ASSESSMENT OF THE SURVIVOR BENEFIT PLAN.

    (a) Assessment Required.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
provide for an independent assessment of the Survivor Benefit 
Plan (SBP) under subchapter II of chapter 73 of title 10, 
United States Code, by a Federally-funded research and 
development center (FFRDC).
    (b) Assessment Elements.--The assessment conducted pursuant 
to subsection (a) shall include, but not be limited to, the 
following:
            (1) The purposes of the Survivor Benefit Plan, the 
        manner in which the Plan interacts with other Federal 
        programs to provide financial stability and resources 
        for survivors of members of the Armed Forces and 
        military retirees, and a comparison between the 
        benefits available under the Plan, on the one hand, and 
        benefits available to Government and private sector 
        employees, on the other hand, intended to provide 
        financial stability and resources for spouses and other 
        dependents when a primary family earner dies.
            (2) The effectiveness of the Survivor Benefit Plan 
        in providing survivors with intended benefits, 
        including the provision of survivor benefits for 
        survivors of members of the Armed Forces dying on 
        active duty and members dying while in reserve active-
        status.
            (3) The feasibility and advisability of providing 
        survivor benefits through alternative insurance 
        products available commercially for similar purposes, 
        the extent to which the Government could subsidize such 
        products at no cost in excess of the costs of the 
        Survivor Benefit Plan, and the extent to which such 
        products might meet the needs of survivors, especially 
        those on fixed incomes, to maintain financial 
        stability.
    (c) Report.--Not later than one year after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall submit to the 
Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
Representatives a report setting forth the results of the 
assessment conducted pursuant to subsection (a), together with 
such recommendations as the Secretary considers appropriate for 
legislative or administration action in light of the results of 
the assessment.

    Subtitle E--Commissary and Nonappropriated Fund Instrumentality 
                        Benefits and Operations

SEC. 661. PROTECTION AND ENHANCEMENT OF ACCESS TO AND SAVINGS AT 
                    COMMISSARIES AND EXCHANGES.

    (a) Optimization Strategy.--Section 2481(c) of title 10, 
United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the 
following paragraph:
    ``(3)(A) The Secretary of Defense shall develop and 
implement a comprehensive strategy to optimize management 
practices across the defense commissary system and the exchange 
system that reduce reliance of those systems on appropriated 
funding without reducing benefits to the patrons of those 
systems or the revenue generated by nonappropriated fund 
entities or instrumentalities of the Department of Defense for 
the morale, welfare, and recreation of members of the armed 
forces.
    ``(B) The Secretary shall ensure that savings generated due 
to such optimization practices are shared by the defense 
commissary system and the exchange system through contracts or 
agreements that appropriately reflect the participation of the 
systems in the development and implementation of such 
practices.
    ``(C) If the Secretary determines that the reduced reliance 
on appropriated funding pursuant to subparagraph (A) is 
insufficient to maintain the benefits to the patrons of the 
defense commissary system, and if the Secretary converts the 
defense commissary system to a nonappropriated fund entity or 
instrumentality pursuant to paragraph (1) of section 2484(j) of 
this title, the Secretary shall transfer appropriated funds 
pursuant to paragraph (2) of such section to ensure the 
maintenance of such benefits.
    ``(4) On not less than a quarterly basis, the Secretary 
shall provide to the congressional defense committees a 
briefing on the defense commissary system, including--
            ``(A) an assessment of the savings the system 
        provides patrons;
            ``(B) the status of implementing section 2484(i) of 
        this title;
            ``(C) the status of implementing section 2484(j) of 
        this title, including whether the system requires any 
        appropriated funds pursuant to paragraph (2) of such 
        section;
            ``(D) the status of carrying out a program for such 
        system to sell private label merchandise; and
            ``(E) any other matters the Secretary considers 
        appropriate.''.
    (b) Authorization to Supplement Appropriations Through 
Business Optimization.--Section 2483(c) of such title is 
amended by adding at the end the following new sentence: ``Such 
appropriated amounts may also be supplemented with additional 
funds derived from improved management practices implemented 
pursuant to sections 2481(c)(3) and 2487(c) of this title and 
the variable pricing program implemented pursuant to section 
2484(i) of this title.''.
    (c) Variable Pricing Pilot Program.--Section 2484 of such 
title is amended by adding at the end the following new 
subsections:
    ``(i) Variable Pricing Program.--(1) Notwithstanding 
subsection (e), and subject to subsection (k), the Secretary of 
Defense may establish a variable pricing program pursuant to 
which prices may be established in response to market 
conditions and customer demand, in accordance with the 
requirements of this subsection. Notwithstanding the amount of 
the uniform surcharge assessed in subsection (d), the Secretary 
may provide for an alternative surcharge of not more than five 
percent of sales proceeds under the variable pricing program to 
be made available for the purposes specified in subsection (h).
    ``(2) Subject to subsection (k), before establishing a 
variable pricing program under this subsection, the Secretary 
shall establish the following:
            ``(A) Specific, measurable benchmarks for success 
        in the provision of high quality grocery merchandise, 
        discount savings to patrons, and levels of customer 
        satisfaction while achieving savings for the Department 
        of Defense.
            ``(B) A baseline of overall savings to patrons 
        achieved by commissary stores prior to the initiation 
        of the variable pricing program, based on a comparison 
        of prices charged by those stores on a regional basis 
        with prices charged by relevant local competitors for a 
        representative market basket of goods.
    ``(3) The Secretary shall ensure that the defense 
commissary system implements the variable pricing program by 
conducting price comparisons using the methodology established 
for paragraph (2)(B) and adjusting pricing as necessary to 
ensure that pricing in the variable pricing program achieves 
overall savings to patrons that are consistent with the 
baseline savings established for the relevant region pursuant 
to such paragraph.
    ``(j) Conversion to Nonappropriated Fund Entity or 
Instrumentality.--(1) Subject to subsection (k), if the 
Secretary of Defense determines that the variable pricing 
program has met the benchmarks for success established pursuant 
to paragraph (2)(A) of subsection (i) and the savings 
requirements established pursuant to paragraph (3) of such 
subsection over a period of at least six months, the Secretary 
may convert the defense commissary system to a nonappropriated 
fund entity or instrumentality, with operating expenses 
financed in whole or in part by receipts from the sale of 
products and the sale of services. Upon such conversion, 
appropriated funds shall be transferred to the defense 
commissary system only in accordance with paragraph (2) or 
section 2491 of this title. The requirements of section 2483 of 
this title shall not apply to the defense commissary system 
operating as a nonappropriated fund entity or instrumentality.
    ``(2) If the Secretary determines that the defense 
commissary system operating as a nonappropriated fund entity or 
instrumentality is likely to incur a loss in any fiscal year as 
a result of compliance with the savings requirement established 
in subsection (i), the Secretary shall authorize a transfer of 
appropriated funds available for such purpose to the commissary 
system in an amount sufficient to offset the anticipated loss. 
Any funds so transferred shall be considered to be 
nonappropriated funds for such purpose.
    ``(3)(A) The Secretary may identify positions of employees 
in the defense commissary system who are paid with appropriated 
funds whose status may be converted to the status of an 
employee of a nonappropriated fund entity or instrumentality.
    ``(B) The status and conversion of employees in a position 
identified by the Secretary under subparagraph (A) shall be 
addressed as provided in section 2491(c) of this title for 
employees in morale, welfare, and recreation programs, 
including with respect to requiring the consent of such 
employee to be so converted.
    ``(C) No individual who is an employee of the defense 
commissary system as of the date of the enactment of this 
subsection shall suffer any loss of or decrease in pay as a 
result of a conversion made under this paragraph.
    ``(k) Oversight Required To Ensure Continued Benefit to 
Patrons.--(1) With respect to each action described in 
paragraph (2), the Secretary of Defense may not carry out such 
action until--
            ``(A) the Secretary provides to the congressional 
        defense committees a briefing on such action, including 
        a justification for such action; and
            ``(B) a period of 30 days has elapsed following 
        such briefing.
    ``(2) The actions described in this paragraph are the 
following:
            ``(A) Establishing the representative market basket 
        of goods pursuant to subsection (i)(2)(B).
            ``(B) Establishing the variable pricing program 
        under subsection (i)(1).
            ``(C) Converting the defense commissary system to a 
        nonappropriated fund entity or instrumentality under 
        subsection (j)(1).''.
    (d) Establishment of Common Business Practices.--Section 
2487 of such title is amended--
            (1) by redesignating subsection (c) as subsection 
        (d); and
            (2) by inserting after subsection (b) the following 
        new subsection (c):
    ``(c) Common Business Practices.--(1) Notwithstanding 
subsections (a) and (b), the Secretary of Defense may establish 
common business processes, practices, and systems--
            ``(A) to exploit synergies between the defense 
        commissary system and the exchange system; and
            ``(B) to optimize the operations of the defense 
        retail systems as a whole and the benefits provided by 
        the commissaries and exchanges.
    ``(2) The Secretary may authorize the defense commissary 
system and the exchange system to enter into contracts or other 
agreements--
            ``(A) for products and services that are shared by 
        the defense commissary system and the exchange system; 
        and
            ``(B) for the acquisition of supplies, resale 
        goods, and services on behalf of both the defense 
        commissary system and the exchange system.
    ``(3) For the purpose of a contract or agreement authorized 
under paragraph (2), the Secretary may--
            ``(A) use funds appropriated pursuant to section 
        2483 of this title to reimburse a nonappropriated fund 
        entity or instrumentality for the portion of the cost 
        of a contract or agreement entered by the 
        nonappropriated fund entity or instrumentality that is 
        attributable to the defense commissary system; and
            ``(B) authorize the defense commissary system to 
        accept reimbursement from a nonappropriated fund entity 
        or instrumentality for the portion of the cost of a 
        contract or agreement entered by the defense commissary 
        system that is attributable to the nonappropriated fund 
        entity or instrumentality.''.
    (e) Authority for Expert Commercial Advice.--Section 2485 
of such title is amended by adding at the end the following new 
subsection:
    ``(i) Expert Commercial Advice.--The Secretary of Defense 
may enter into a contract with an entity to obtain expert 
commercial advice, commercial assistance, or other similar 
services not otherwise carried out by the Defense Commissary 
Agency, to implement section 2481(c), subsections (i) and (j) 
of section 2484, and section 2487(c) of this title.''.
    (f) Clarification of References to ``the Exchange 
System''.--Section 2481(a) of such title is amended by adding 
at the end the following new sentence: ``Any reference in this 
chapter to `the exchange system' shall be treated as referring 
to each separate administrative entity within the Department of 
Defense through which the Secretary has implemented the 
requirement under this subsection for a world-wide system of 
exchange stores.''.
    (g) Operation of Defense Commissary System as a 
Nonappropriated Fund Entity.--In the event that the defense 
commissary system is converted to a nonappropriated fund entity 
or instrumentality as authorized by section 2484(j)(1) of title 
10, United States Code, as added by subsection (c) of this 
section, the Secretary of Defense may--
            (1) provide for the transfer of commissary assets, 
        including inventory and available funds, to the 
        nonappropriated fund entity or instrumentality; and
            (2) ensure that revenues accruing to the defense 
        commissary system are appropriately credited to the 
        nonappropriated fund entity or instrumentality.
    (h) Conforming Change.--Section 2643(b) of such title is 
amended by adding at the end the following new sentence: ``Such 
appropriated funds may be supplemented with additional funds 
derived from improved management practices implemented pursuant 
to sections 2481(c)(3) and 2487(c) of this title.''.

SEC. 662. ACCEPTANCE OF MILITARY STAR CARD AT COMMISSARIES.

    (a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense shall ensure 
that--
            (1) commissary stores accept as payment the 
        Military Star Card; and
            (2) any financial liability of the United States 
        relating to such acceptance as payment be assumed by 
        the Army and Air Force Exchange Service.
    (b) Military Star Card Defined.--In this section, the term 
``Military Star Card'' means a credit card administered under 
the Exchange Credit Program by the Army and Air Force Exchange 
Service.

                       Subtitle F--Other Matters

SEC. 671. RECOVERY OF AMOUNTS OWED TO THE UNITED STATES BY MEMBERS OF 
                    THE UNIFORMED SERVICES.

    (a) Statute of Limitations.--Section 1007(c)(3) of title 
37, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the 
following new subparagraphs:
    ``(C)(i) In accordance with clause (ii), if the 
indebtedness of a member of the uniformed services to the 
United States occurs, through no fault of the member, as a 
result of the overpayment of pay or allowances to the member or 
upon the settlement of the member's accounts, the Secretary 
concerned may not recover the indebtedness from the member, 
including a retired or former member, using deductions from the 
pay of the member, deductions from retired or separation pay, 
or any other collection method unless recovery of the 
indebtedness commences before the end of the 10-year period 
beginning on the date on which the indebtedness was incurred.
    ``(ii) Clause (i) applies with respect to indebtedness 
incurred on or after the date of the enactment of the National 
Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017.
    ``(D)(i) Not later than January 1 of each of 2017 through 
2027, the Director of the Defense Finance and Accounting 
Service shall review all cases occurring during the 10-year 
period prior to the date of the review of indebtedness of a 
member of the uniformed services, including a retired or former 
member, to the United States in which--
            ``(I) the recovery of the indebtedness commenced 
        after the end of the 10-year period beginning on the 
        date on which the indebtedness was incurred; or
            ``(II) the Director did not otherwise notify the 
        member of such indebtedness during such 10-year period.
    ``(ii) The Director shall submit to the congressional 
defense committees and the Committees on Veterans' Affairs of 
the House of Representatives and the Senate each review 
conducted under clause (i), including the amounts owed to the 
United States by the members included in such review.''.
    (b) Remission or Cancellation of Indebtedness of Reserves 
Not on Active Duty.--
            (1) Army.--Section 4837(a) of title 10, United 
        States Code, is amended by striking ``on active duty as 
        a member of the Army'' and inserting ``as a member of 
        the Army, whether as a regular or a reserve in active 
        status''.
            (2) Navy.--Section 6161(a) of such title is amended 
        by striking ``on active duty as a member of the naval 
        service'' and inserting ``as a member of the naval 
        service, whether as a regular or a reserve in active 
        status''.
            (3) Air force.--Section 9837(a) of such title is 
        amended by striking ``on active duty as a member of the 
        Air Force'' and inserting ``as a member of the Air 
        Force, whether as a regular or a reserve in active 
        status''.
            (4) Coast guard.--Section 461(1) of title 14, 
        United States Code, is amended by striking ``on active 
        duty as a member of the Coast Guard'' and inserting 
        ``as a member of the Coast Guard, whether as a regular 
        or a reserve in active status''.
            (5) Effective date.--The amendments made by this 
        subsection shall take effect on the date of the 
        enactment of this Act, and shall apply with respect to 
        debt incurred on or after October 7, 2001.
    (c) Benefits Paid to Members of California National 
Guard.--
            (1) Review of certain benefits paid.--
                    (A) In general.--The Secretary of Defense 
                shall conduct a review of all bonus pays, 
                special pays, student loan repayments, and 
                similar special payments that were paid to 
                members of the National Guard of the State of 
                California during the period beginning on 
                January 1, 2004, and ending on December 31, 
                2015.
                    (B) Exception.--A review is not required 
                under this paragraph for benefits paid as 
                described in subparagraph (A) that were 
                reviewed before the date of the enactment of 
                this Act and in which fraud or other 
                ineligibility was identified in connection with 
                payment.
                    (C) Conduct of review.--The Secretary shall 
                establish a process to expedite the review 
                required by this paragraph. The Secretary shall 
                allocate appropriate personnel and other 
                resources of the Department of Defense for the 
                process, and for such other purposes as the 
                Secretary considers appropriate, in order to 
                achieve the completion of the review by the 
                date specified in subparagraph (D).
                    (D) Completion.--The review required by 
                this paragraph shall be completed by not later 
                than July 30, 2017.
            (2) Review.--
                    (A) In general.--In conducting the review 
                of benefits paid to members of the National 
                Guard of the State of California pursuant to 
                paragraph (1), the board of review concerned 
                shall--
                            (i) carry out a complete review of 
                        all bonus pay and special pay contracts 
                        awarded to such members during the 
                        period described in paragraph (1)(A) 
                        for which the Department has reason to 
                        believe a recoupment of pay may be 
                        warranted in order to determine whether 
                        such members were eligible for the 
                        contracts so awarded and whether the 
                        contracts so awarded accurately 
                        specified the amounts of pay for which 
                        members were eligible;
                            (ii) carry out a complete review of 
                        all student loan repayment contracts 
                        awarded to such members during the 
                        period for which the Department has 
                        reason to believe a recoupment of 
                        payment may be warranted in order to 
                        determine whether such members were 
                        eligible for the contracts so awarded 
                        and whether the contracts so awarded 
                        accurately specified the amounts of 
                        payment for which members were 
                        eligible;
                            (iii) carry out a complete review 
                        of any other similar special payments 
                        paid to such members during the period 
                        for which the Department has reason to 
                        believe a recoupment of payments may be 
                        warranted in order to determine whether 
                        such members were eligible for payment 
                        and in such amount;
                            (iv) if any member is determined 
                        not to have been eligible for a bonus 
                        pay, special pay, student loan 
                        repayment, or other special payment 
                        paid, determine whether waiver of 
                        recoupment is warranted; and
                            (v) if any bonus pay, special pay, 
                        student loan repayment, or other 
                        special payment paid to any such member 
                        during the period has been recouped, 
                        determine whether the recoupment was 
                        unwarranted.
                    (B) Waiver of recoupment.--For purposes of 
                clause (iv) of subparagraph (A), the board of 
                review shall determine that waiver of 
                recoupment is warranted with respect to a 
                particular member unless the board makes an 
                affirmative determination, by a preponderance 
                of the evidence, that the member knew or 
                reasonably should have known that the member 
                was ineligible for the bonus pay, special pay, 
                student loan repayment, or other special 
                payment otherwise subject to recoupment.
                    (C) Propriety of recoupment.--For purposes 
                of clause (v) of subparagraph (A), the board of 
                review shall determine that recoupment was 
                unwarranted with respect to a particular member 
                unless the board makes an affirmative 
                determination, by a preponderance of the 
                evidence, that the member knew or reasonably 
                should have known that the member was 
                ineligible for the bonus pay, special pay, 
                student loan repayment, or other special 
                payment recouped.
                    (D) Standard of review.--In applying 
                subparagraph (B) or (C) in making a 
                determination under clause (iv) or (v) of 
                subparagraph (A), as applicable, with respect 
                to a member, the board of review shall evaluate 
                the evidence in a light most favorable to the 
                member.
            (3) Participation of members.--
                    (A) In general.--A member subject to a 
                determination under clause (iv) or (v) of 
                paragraph (2)(A) may submit to the board of 
                review concerned such documentary and other 
                evidence as the member considers appropriate to 
                assist the board of review in the 
                determination.
                    (B) Notice.--The Secretary shall notify, in 
                writing, each member subject to a determination 
                under clause (iv) or (v) of paragraph (2)(A) of 
                the review under paragraph (1) and the 
                applicability of the determination process 
                under such clause to such member. The notice 
                shall be provided at a time designed to give 
                each member a reasonable opportunity to submit 
                documentary and other evidence as authorized by 
                subparagraph (A). The notice shall provide each 
                member the following:
                            (i) Notice of the opportunity for 
                        such member to submit evidence to 
                        assist the board of review.
                            (ii) A description of resources 
                        available to such member to submit such 
                        evidence.
                    (C) Consideration.--In making a 
                determination under clause (iv) or (v) of 
                paragraph (2)(A) with respect to a member, the 
                board of review shall undertake a comprehensive 
                review of any submissions made by the member 
                pursuant to this paragraph.
            (4) Actions following review.--
                    (A) Waiver of recoupment.--Upon completion 
                of a review pursuant to paragraph (2)(A)(iv) 
                with respect to a member--
                            (i) the board of review shall 
                        submit to the Secretary concerned a 
                        notice setting forth--
                                    (I) the determination of 
                                the board pursuant to that 
                                paragraph with respect to the 
                                member; and
                                    (II) the recommendation of 
                                the board whether or not the 
                                recoupment of the bonus pay, 
                                special pay, student loan 
                                repayment, or other special 
                                payment covered by the 
                                determination should be waived; 
                                and
                            (ii) the Secretary may waive 
                        recoupment of the pay, repayment, or 
                        other payment from the member.
                    (B) Repayment of amount recouped.--Upon 
                completion of a review pursuant to paragraph 
                (2)(A)(v) with respect to a member--
                            (i) the board of review shall 
                        submit to the Secretary concerned a 
                        notice setting forth--
                                    (I) the determination of 
                                the board pursuant to that 
                                paragraph with respect to the 
                                member; and
                                    (II) the recommendation of 
                                the board whether or not the 
                                recouped bonus pay, special 
                                pay, student loan repayment, or 
                                other special payment covered 
                                by the determination should be 
                                repaid the member; and
                            (ii) the Secretary may repay the 
                        member the amount so recouped.
                    (C) Consumer credit and related matters.--
                If the Secretary concerned waives recoupment of 
                a bonus pay, special pay, student loan 
                repayment, or other special payment paid a 
                member pursuant to paragraph (4)(A)(ii), or 
                repays a member an amount of a bonus pay, 
                special pay, student loan repayment, or other 
                special payment recouped pursuant to paragraph 
                (4)(B)(ii), the Secretary shall--
                            (i) in the event the Secretary had 
                        previously notified a consumer 
                        reporting agency of the existence of 
                        the debt subject to the relief granted 
                        the member pursuant to this paragraph, 
                        notify such consumer reporting agency 
                        that such debt was never valid; and
                            (ii) if the member is experiencing 
                        or has experienced financial hardship 
                        as a result of the actions of the 
                        United States to obtain recoupment of 
                        such debt, assist the member, to the 
                        extent practicable, in addressing such 
                        financial hardship in accordance with 
                        such mechanisms as the Secretary shall 
                        develop for purposes of this clause.
                    (D) Effect of consumer credit 
                notification.--A consumer reporting agency 
                notified of the invalidity of a debt pursuant 
                to subparagraph (C)(i) may not, after the date 
                of the notice, make any consumer report 
                containing any information relating to the 
                debt.
                    (E) Definitions.--In this paragraph, the 
                terms ``consumer reporting agency'' and 
                ``consumer report'' have the meaning given such 
                terms in section 603 of the Fair Credit 
                Reporting Act (15 U.S.C. 1681a).
            (5) Funding.--Amounts for activities under this 
        subsection, including for the conduct of the review 
        required by paragraph (1), for activities in connection 
        with the review, for repayments pursuant to paragraph 
        (4)(B), and for activities under paragraph (4)(C), 
        shall be derived from amounts available for the 
        National Guard of the United States for the State of 
        California.
            (6) Secretary of defense report.--
                    (A) In general.--Not later than August 1, 
                2017, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to 
                the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate 
                and the House of Representatives a report on 
                the review conducted pursuant to paragraph (1).
                    (B) Elements.--The report under this 
                paragraph shall include the following:
                            (i) The total amount of bonus pays, 
                        special pays, student loan repayments, 
                        and other special pays paid to members 
                        of the National Guard of the State of 
                        California during the period beginning 
                        on September 1, 2001, and ending on 
                        December 31, 2015.
                            (ii) The number of bonus pay and 
                        special pay contracts reviewed pursuant 
                        to paragraph (2)(A)(i), and the amounts 
                        of such pays paid under each such 
                        contract.
                            (iii) The number of student loan 
                        repayment contracts reviewed pursuant 
                        to paragraph (2)(A)(ii), and the 
                        amounts of such payments made pursuant 
                        to each such contract.
                            (iv) The number of other special 
                        pay payments reviewed pursuant to 
                        paragraph (2)(A)(iii), and the amounts 
                        of such payments made to each 
                        particular member so paid.
                            (v) The number of bonus pay and 
                        special pay contracts, student loan 
                        repayments, and other special pay 
                        payments that were determined pursuant 
                        to the review to be paid in error, and 
                        the total amount, if any, recouped from 
                        each member concerned.
                            (vi) Any additional fraud or other 
                        ineligibility identified in the course 
                        of the review in the payment of bonus 
                        pays, special pays, student loan 
                        repayments, and other special pays paid 
                        to the members of the National Guard of 
                        the State of California during the 
                        period beginning on September 1, 2001, 
                        and ending on December 31, 2015.
            (7) Comptroller general report.--
                    (A) In general.--Not later than one year 
                after the date of the enactment of this Act, 
                the Comptroller General of the United States 
                shall submit to the Committees on Armed 
                Services of the Senate and the House of 
                Representatives a report on the actions of the 
                National Guard of the State of California 
                relating to the payment of bonus pays, special 
                pays, student loan repayments, and other 
                special pays from 2004 through 2015.
                    (B) Elements.--The report under this 
                paragraph shall include the following:
                            (i) An assessment whether the 
                        National Guard of the State of 
                        California and the National Guard 
                        Bureau have established policies and 
                        procedures that will minimize the 
                        chance of improper payment of such pays 
                        and repayments and of managerial abuse 
                        in the payment of such pays and 
                        repayments.
                            (ii) An assessment whether the 
                        procedures, processes, and resources of 
                        the Defense Finance and Accounting 
                        Service and the Defense Office of 
                        Hearings and Appeals were appropriate 
                        to identify and respond to fraud or 
                        other ineligibility in connection with 
                        the payment of such pays and 
                        repayments, and to do so in a timely 
                        manner.
                            (iii) Any recommendations the 
                        Comptroller General considers 
                        appropriate to streamline the 
                        procedures and processes for the waiver 
                        of recoupment of the payment of such 
                        pays and repayments by the United 
                        States when recoupment is unwarranted.

SEC. 672. MODIFICATION OF FLAT RATE PER DIEM REQUIREMENT FOR PERSONNEL 
                    ON LONG-TERM TEMPORARY DUTY ASSIGNMENTS.

    (a) Modification of Flat Rate.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
        take such action as may be necessary to provide that, 
        to the extent that regulations implementing travel and 
        transportation authorities for military and civilian 
        personnel of the Department of Defense impose a flat 
        rate per diem for meals and incidental expenses for 
        authorized travelers on long-term temporary duty 
        assignments that is at a reduced rate compared to the 
        per diem rate otherwise applicable, the Secretary 
        concerned may waive the applicability of such reduced 
        rate and pay such travelers actual expenses up to the 
        full per diem rate for such travel in any case when the 
        Secretary concerned determines that the reduced flat 
        rate per diem for meals and incidental expenses is not 
        sufficient under the circumstances of the temporary 
        duty assignment.
            (2) Applicability.--The Secretary concerned may 
        exercise the authority provided pursuant to paragraph 
        (1) with respect to per diem payable for any day on or 
        after the date of the enactment of this Act.
    (b) Delegation of Authority.--The authority pursuant to 
subsection (a) may be delegated by the Secretary concerned to 
an officer at the level of lieutenant general or vice admiral, 
or above. Such authority may not be delegated to an officer 
below that level.
    (c) Waiver of Collection of Receipts.--The Secretary 
concerned or an officer to whom the authority pursuant to 
subsection (a) is delegated pursuant to subsection (b) may 
waive any requirement for the submittal of receipts by 
travelers on long-term temporary duty assignments for the 
purpose of receiving the full per diem rate pursuant to 
subsection (a) if the Secretary concerned or officer, as 
described in subsection (b), personally certifies that 
requiring travelers to submit receipts for that purpose will 
negatively affect mission performance or create an undue 
administrative burden.
    (d) Secretary Concerned Defined.--In this section, the term 
``Secretary concerned'' has the meaning given that term in 
section 101 of title 37, United States Code.

                    TITLE VII--HEALTH CARE PROVISIONS

        Subtitle A--Reform of TRICARE and Military Health System

Sec. 701. TRICARE Select and other TRICARE reform.
Sec. 702. Reform of administration of the Defense Health Agency and 
          military medical treatment facilities.
Sec. 703. Military medical treatment facilities.
Sec. 704. Access to urgent and primary care under TRICARE program.
Sec. 705. Value-based purchasing and acquisition of managed care support 
          contracts for TRICARE program.
Sec. 706. Establishment of high performance military-civilian integrated 
          health delivery systems.
Sec. 707. Joint Trauma System.
Sec. 708. Joint Trauma Education and Training Directorate.
Sec. 709. Standardized system for scheduling medical appointments at 
          military treatment facilities.

                 Subtitle B--Other Health Care Benefits

Sec. 711. Extended TRICARE program coverage for certain members of the 
          National Guard and dependents during certain disaster response 
          duty.
Sec. 712. Continuity of health care coverage for Reserve Components.
Sec. 713. Provision of hearing aids to dependents of retired members.
Sec. 714. Coverage of medically necessary food and vitamins for certain 
          conditions under the TRICARE program.
Sec. 715. Eligibility of certain beneficiaries under the TRICARE program 
          for participation in the Federal Employees Dental and Vision 
          Insurance Program.
Sec. 716. Applied behavior analysis.
Sec. 717. Evaluation and treatment of veterans and civilians at military 
          treatment facilities.
Sec. 718. Enhancement of use of telehealth services in military health 
          system.
Sec. 719. Authorization of reimbursement by Department of Defense to 
          entities carrying out State vaccination programs for costs of 
          vaccines provided to covered beneficiaries.

                 Subtitle C--Health Care Administration

Sec. 721. Authority to convert military medical and dental positions to 
          civilian medical and dental positions.
Sec. 722. Prospective payment of funds necessary to provide medical care 
          for the Coast Guard.
Sec. 723. Reduction of administrative requirements relating to automatic 
          renewal of enrollments in TRICARE Prime.
Sec. 724. Modification of authority of Uniformed Services University of 
          the Health Sciences to include undergraduate and other medical 
          education and training programs.
Sec. 725. Adjustment of medical services, personnel authorized 
          strengths, and infrastructure in military health system to 
          maintain readiness and core competencies of health care 
          providers.
Sec. 726. Program to eliminate variability in health outcomes and 
          improve quality of health care services delivered in military 
          medical treatment facilities.
Sec. 727. Acquisition strategy for health care professional staffing 
          services.
Sec. 728. Adoption of core quality performance metrics.
Sec. 729. Improvement of health outcomes and control of costs of health 
          care under TRICARE program through programs to involve covered 
          beneficiaries.
Sec. 730. Accountability for the performance of the military health 
          system of certain leaders within the system.
Sec. 731. Establishment of advisory committees for military treatment 
          facilities.

                  Subtitle D--Reports and Other Matters

Sec. 741. Extension of authority for joint Department of Defense-
          Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Facility Demonstration 
          Fund and report on implementation of information technology 
          capabilities.
Sec. 742. Pilot program on expansion of use of physician assistants to 
          provide mental health care to members of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 743. Pilot program for prescription drug acquisition cost parity in 
          the TRICARE pharmacy benefits program.
Sec. 744. Pilot program on display of wait times at urgent care clinics 
          and pharmacies of military medical treatment facilities.
Sec. 745. Requirement to review and monitor prescribing practices at 
          military treatment facilities of pharmaceutical agents for 
          treatment of post-traumatic stress.
Sec. 746. Department of Defense study on preventing the diversion of 
          opioid medications.
Sec. 747. Incorporation into survey by Department of Defense of 
          questions on experiences of members of the Armed Forces with 
          family planning services and counseling.
Sec. 748. Assessment of transition to TRICARE program by families of 
          members of reserve components called to active duty and 
          elimination of certain charges for such families.
Sec. 749. Oversight of graduate medical education programs of military 
          departments.
Sec. 750. Study on health of helicopter and tiltrotor pilots.
Sec. 751. Comptroller General reports on health care delivery and waste 
          in military health system.

        Subtitle A--Reform of TRICARE and Military Health System

SEC. 701. TRICARE SELECT AND OTHER TRICARE REFORM.

    (a) Establishment of TRICARE Select.--
            (1) In general.--Chapter 55 of title 10, United 
        States Code, is amended by inserting after section 
        1074n the following new section:

``Sec. 1075. TRICARE Select

    ``(a) Establishment.--(1) Not later than January 1, 2018, 
the Secretary of Defense shall establish a self-managed, 
preferred-provider network option under the TRICARE program. 
Such option shall be known as `TRICARE Select'.
    ``(2) The Secretary shall establish TRICARE Select in all 
areas. Under TRICARE Select, eligible beneficiaries will not 
have restrictions on the freedom of choice of the beneficiary 
with respect to health care providers.
    ``(b) Enrollment Eligibility.--(1) The beneficiary 
categories for purposes of eligibility to enroll in TRICARE 
Select and cost-sharing requirements applicable to such 
category are as follows:
            ``(A) An `active-duty family member' category that 
        consists of beneficiaries who are covered by section 
        1079 of this title (as dependents of active duty 
        members).
            ``(B) A `retired' category that consists of 
        beneficiaries covered by subsection (c) of section 1086 
        of this title, other than Medicare-eligible 
        beneficiaries described in subsection (d)(2) of such 
        section.
            ``(C) A `reserve and young adult' category that 
        consists of beneficiaries who are covered by--
                    ``(i) section 1076d of this title;
                    ``(ii) section 1076e; or
                    ``(iii) section 1110b.
    ``(2) A covered beneficiary who elects to participate in 
TRICARE Select shall enroll in such option under section 1099 
of this title.
    ``(c) Cost-sharing Requirements.--The cost-sharing 
requirements under TRICARE Select are as follows:
            ``(1) With respect to beneficiaries in the active-
        duty family member category or the retired category by 
        reason of being a member or former member of the 
        uniformed services who originally enlists or is 
        appointed in the uniformed services on or after January 
        1, 2018, or by reason of being a dependent of such a 
        member, the cost-sharing requirements shall be 
        calculated pursuant to subsection (d)(1).
            ``(2)(A) Except as provided by subsection (e), with 
        respect to beneficiaries described in subparagraph (B) 
        in the active-duty family member category or the 
        retired category, the cost-sharing requirements shall 
        be calculated as if the beneficiary were enrolled in 
        TRICARE Extra or TRICARE Standard as if TRICARE Extra 
        or TRICARE Standard, as the case may be, were still 
        being carried out by the Secretary.
            ``(B) Beneficiaries described in this subparagraph 
        are beneficiaries who are eligible to enroll in the 
        TRICARE program by reason of being a member or former 
        member of the uniformed services who originally enlists 
        or is appointed in the uniformed services before 
        January 1, 2018, or by reason of being a dependent of 
        such a member.
            ``(3) With respect to beneficiaries in the reserve 
        and young adult category, the cost-sharing requirements 
        shall be calculated pursuant to subsection (d)(1) as if 
        the beneficiary were in the active-duty family member 
        category or the retired category, as applicable, except 
        that the premiums calculated pursuant to section 1076d, 
        1076e, or 1110b of this title, as the case may be, 
        shall apply instead of any enrollment fee required 
        under this section.
    ``(d) Cost-sharing Amounts for Certain Beneficiaries.--(1) 
Beneficiaries described in subsection (c)(1) enrolled in 
TRICARE Select shall be subject to cost-sharing requirements in 
accordance with the amounts and percentages under the following 
table during calendar year 2018 and as such amounts are 
adjusted under paragraph (2) for subsequent years:

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                        Active-Duty Family Member         Retired   (Individual/
                ``TRICARE Select                           (Individual/Family)                   Family)
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Annual Enrollment                                $0....................................              $450 / $900
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Annual deductible                                        E4 & below: $50 / $100              $150 / $300 Network
                                                         E5 & above: $150 / $300              $300 / $600 out of
                                                                                                         network
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Annual catastrophic cap                          $1,000................................                   $3,500
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Outpatient visit civilian network                $15 primary care......................         $25 primary care
                                                 $25 specialty care....................       $40 specialty care
                                                 ......................................  .......................
                                                 Out of network: 20%...................    25% of out of network
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
ER visit civilian network                        $40 network...........................              $80 network
                                                 20% out of network....................       25% out of network
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Urgent care civilian network                     $20 network...........................              $40 network
                                                 20% out of network....................       25% out of network
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Ambulatory surgery civilian network              $25 network...........................              $95 network
                                                 20% out of network....................       25% out of network
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Ambulance civilian network                       $15...................................                      $60
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Durable medical equipment civilian network       10% of negotiated fee.................              20% network
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Inpatient visit civilian network                 $60 per network admission.............       $175 per admission
                                                                                                         network
                                                 ......................................  .......................
                                                 20% out of network....................       25% out of network
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Inpatient skilled nursing/rehab civilian         $25 per day network...................      $50 per day network
                                                 $50 per day out of network............   Lesser of $300 per day
                                                                                                or 20% of billed
                                                                                          charges out of network
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    ``(2) Each dollar amount expressed as a fixed dollar amount 
in the table set forth in paragraph (1), and the amounts 
specified under paragraphs (1) and (2) of subsection (e), shall 
be annually indexed to the amount by which retired pay is 
increased under section 1401a of this title, rounded to the 
next lower multiple of $1. The remaining amount above such 
multiple of $1 shall be carried over to, and accumulated with, 
the amount of the increase for the subsequent year or years and 
made when the aggregate amount of increases carried over under 
this clause for a year is $1 or more.
    ``(3) Enrollment fees, deductible amounts, and catastrophic 
caps under this section are on a calendar-year basis.
    ``(e) Exceptions to Certain Cost-sharing Amounts for 
Certain Beneficiaries Eligible Prior to 2018.--(1) Subject to 
paragraph (4), and in accordance with subsection (d)(2), the 
Secretary shall establish an annual enrollment fee for 
beneficiaries described in subsection (c)(2)(B) in the retired 
category who enroll in TRICARE Select (other than such 
beneficiaries covered by paragraph (3)). Such enrollment fee 
shall be $150 for an individual and $300 for a family.
    ``(2) For the calendar year for which the Secretary first 
establishes the annual enrollment fee under paragraph (1), the 
Secretary shall adjust the catastrophic cap amount to be $3,500 
for beneficiaries described in subsection (c)(2)(B) in the 
retired category who are enrolled in TRICARE Select (other than 
such beneficiaries covered by paragraph (3)).
    ``(3) The enrollment fee established pursuant to paragraph 
(1) and the catastrophic cap adjusted under paragraph (2) for 
beneficiaries described in subsection (c)(2)(B) in the retired 
category shall not apply with respect to the following 
beneficiaries:
            ``(A) Retired members and the family members of 
        such members covered by paragraph (1) of section 
        1086(c) of this title by reason of being retired under 
        chapter 61 of this title or being a dependent of such a 
        member.
            ``(B) Survivors covered by paragraph (2) of such 
        section 1086(c).
    ``(4) The Secretary may not establish an annual enrollment 
fee under paragraph (1) until 90 days has elapsed following the 
date on which the Comptroller General of the United States is 
required to submit the review under paragraph (5).
    ``(5) Not later than February 1, 2020, the Comptroller 
General of the United States shall submit to the Committees on 
Armed Services of the House of Representatives and the Senate a 
review of the following:
            ``(A) Whether health care coverage for covered 
        beneficiaries has changed since the enactment of this 
        section.
            ``(B) Whether covered beneficiaries are able to 
        obtain appointments for health care according to the 
        access standards established by the Secretary of 
        Defense.
            ``(C) The percent of network providers that accept 
        new patients under the TRICARE program.
            ``(D) The satisfaction of beneficiaries under 
        TRICARE Select.
    ``(f) Exception to Cost-sharing Requirements for TRICARE 
for Life Beneficiaries.--A beneficiary enrolled in TRICARE for 
Life is subject to cost-sharing requirements pursuant to 
section 1086(d)(3) of this title and calculated as if the 
beneficiary were enrolled in TRICARE Standard as if TRICARE 
Standard were still being carried out by the Secretary.
    ``(g) Construction.--Nothing in this section may be 
construed as affecting the availability of TRICARE Prime and 
TRICARE for Life or the cost-sharing requirements for TRICARE 
for Life under section 1086(d)(3) of this title.
    ``(h) Definitions.--In this section:
            ``(1) The terms `active-duty family member 
        category', `retired category', and `reserve and young 
        adult category' mean the respective categories of 
        TRICARE Select enrollment described in subsection (b).
            ``(2) The term `network' means--
                    ``(A) with respect to health care services, 
                such services provided to beneficiaries by 
                TRICARE-authorized civilian health care 
                providers who have entered into a contract 
                under this chapter with a contractor under the 
                TRICARE program; and
                    ``(B) with respect to providers, civilian 
                health care providers who have agreed to accept 
                a pre-negotiated rate as the total charge for 
                services provided by the provider and to file 
                claims for beneficiaries.
            ``(3) The term `out-of-network' means, with respect 
        to health care services, such services provided by 
        TRICARE-authorized civilian providers who have not 
        entered into a contract under this chapter with a 
        contractor under the TRICARE program.''.
            (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at 
        the beginning of chapter 55 of title 10, United States 
        Code, is amended by inserting after the item relating 
        to section 1074n, the following new item:

``1075. TRICARE Select.''.
    (b) TRICARE Prime Cost Sharing.--
            (1) In general.--Chapter 55 of title 10, United 
        States Code, is amended by inserting after section 
        1075, as added by subsection (a), the following new 
        section:

``Sec. 1075a. TRICARE Prime: cost sharing

    ``(a) Cost-sharing Requirements.--The cost-sharing 
requirements under TRICARE Prime are as follows:
            ``(1) There are no cost-sharing requirements for 
        beneficiaries who are covered by section 1074(a) of 
        this title.
            ``(2) With respect to beneficiaries in the active-
        duty family member category or the retired category (as 
        described in section 1075(b)(1) of this title) by 
        reason of being a member or former member of the 
        uniformed services who originally enlists or is 
        appointed in the uniformed services on or after January 
        1, 2018, or by reason of being a dependent of such a 
        member, the cost-sharing requirements shall be 
        calculated pursuant to subsection (b)(1).
            ``(3)(A) With respect to beneficiaries described in 
        subparagraph (B) in the active-duty family member 
        category or the retired category (as described in 
        section 1075(b)(1) of this title), the cost-sharing 
        requirements shall be calculated in accordance with the 
        other provisions of this chapter without regard to 
        subsection (b).
            ``(B) Beneficiaries described in this subparagraph 
        are beneficiaries who are eligible to enroll in the 
        TRICARE program by reason of being a member or former 
        member of the uniformed services who originally enlists 
        or is appointed in the uniformed services before 
        January 1, 2018, or by reason of being a dependent of 
        such a member.
    ``(b) Cost-sharing Amounts.--(1) Beneficiaries described in 
subsection (a)(2) enrolled in TRICARE Prime shall be subject to 
cost-sharing requirements in accordance with the amounts and 
percentages under the following table during calendar year 2018 
and as such amounts are adjusted under paragraph (2) for 
subsequent years:


----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                        Active-Duty Family Member         Retired   (Individual/
                ``TRICARE Prime                            (Individual/Family)                   Family)
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Annual Enrollment..............................  $0....................................              $350 / $700
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Annual deductible..............................  No....................................                       No
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Annual catastrophic cap........................  $1,000................................                   $3,500
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Outpatient visit civilian network..............  $0....................................         $20 primary care
                                                                                        ------------------------
                                                 ......................................       $30 specialty care
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
ER visit civilian network......................  $0....................................              $60 network
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Urgent care civilian network...................  $0....................................              $30 network
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Ambulatory surgery civilian network............  $0....................................              $60 network
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Ambulance civilian network.....................  $0....................................                      $40
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Durable medical equipment civilian network.....  $0....................................   20% of negotiated fee,
                                                                                                         network
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Inpatient visit civilian network...............  $0....................................       $150 per admission
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Inpatient skilled nursing/rehab civilian.......  $0....................................      $30 per day network
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    ``(2) Each dollar amount expressed as a fixed dollar amount 
in the table set forth in paragraph (1) shall be annually 
indexed to the amount by which retired pay is increased under 
section 1401a of this title, rounded to the next lower multiple 
of $1. The remaining amount above such multiple of $1 shall be 
carried over to, and accumulated with, the amount of the 
increase for the subsequent year or years and made when the 
aggregate amount of increases carried over under this clause 
for a year is $1 or more.
    ``(3) Enrollment fees, deductible amounts, and catastrophic 
caps under this section are on a calendar-year basis.
    ``(c) Special Rule for Amounts Without Referrals.--
Notwithstanding subsection (b)(1), the cost-sharing amount for 
a beneficiary enrolled in TRICARE Prime who does not obtain a 
referral for care under paragraph (1) of section 1075f(a) of 
this title (or a waiver pursuant to paragraph (2) of such 
section for such care) shall be an amount equal to 50 percent 
of the allowed point-of-service charge for such care.''.
            (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at 
        the beginning of chapter 55 of title 10, United States 
        Code, is amended by inserting after the item relating 
        to section 1075, as added by subsection (a), the 
        following new item:

``1075a. TRICARE Prime: cost sharing.''.
    (c) Referrals and Preauthorization for TRICARE Prime.--
Section 1095f of title 10, United States Code, is amended to 
read as follows:

``Sec. 1095f. TRICARE program: referrals and preauthorizations under 
                    TRICARE Prime

    ``(a) Referrals.--(1) Except as provided by paragraph (2), 
a beneficiary enrolled in TRICARE Prime shall be required to 
obtain a referral for care through a designated primary care 
manager (or other care coordinator) prior to obtaining care 
under the TRICARE program.
    ``(2) The Secretary may waive the referral requirement in 
paragraph (1) in such circumstances as the Secretary may 
establish for purposes of this subsection.
    ``(3) The cost-sharing amounts for a beneficiary enrolled 
in TRICARE Prime who does not obtain a referral for care under 
paragraph (1) (or a waiver pursuant to paragraph (2) for such 
care) shall be determined under section 1075a(c) of this title.
    ``(b) Preauthorization.--A beneficiary enrolled in TRICARE 
Prime shall be required to obtain preauthorization only with 
respect to a referral for the following:
            ``(1) Inpatient hospitalization.
            ``(2) Inpatient care at a skilled nursing facility.
            ``(3) Inpatient care at a rehabilitation facility.
    ``(c) Prohibition Regarding Prior Authorization for Certain 
Referrals.--The Secretary of Defense shall ensure that no 
contract for managed care support under the TRICARE program 
includes any requirement that a managed care support contractor 
require a primary care or specialty care provider to obtain 
prior authorization before referring a patient to a specialty 
care provider that is part of the network of health care 
providers or institutions of the contractor.''.
    (d) Enrollment Periods.--
            (1) Annual periods and qualifying events.--Section 
        1099(b) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
        amending paragraph (1) to read as follows:
            ``(1) allow covered beneficiaries to elect to 
        enroll in a health care plan, or modify a previous 
        election, from eligible health care plans designated by 
        the Secretary of Defense during--
                    ``(A) an annual open enrollment period; and
                    ``(B) any period based on a qualifying 
                event experienced by the beneficiary, as 
                determined appropriate by the Secretary; or''.
            (2) Application.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
        implement the initial annual open enrollment period 
        pursuant to section 1099(b)(1) of title 10, United 
        States Code, as amended by paragraph (1), during 2018.
            (3) Grace period during first year.--
                    (A) At any time during the one-year period 
                beginning on the date on which the initial 
                annual open enrollment period begins pursuant 
                to section 1099(b)(1) of title 10, United 
                States Code, as amended by paragraph (1), a 
                covered beneficiary may make an election, or 
                modify such an election, described in such 
                section.
                    (B) If during such one-year period an 
                individual who is eligible to enroll in the 
                TRICARE program, but does not elect to enroll 
                in such program, receives health care services 
                for an episode of care that would be covered 
                under the TRICARE program if such individual 
                were enrolled in the TRICARE program, the 
                Secretary--
                            (i) shall pay the out-of-network 
                        fees only for the first episode of care 
                        and inform the individual of the 
                        opportunity to enroll in the TRICARE 
                        program; and
                            (ii) may not pay any costs relating 
                        to any subsequent episode of care if 
                        such individual is not enrolled in the 
                        TRICARE program.
            (4) Transition plan.--Not later than March 1, 2017, 
        the Secretary shall provide to the Committees on Armed 
        Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives 
        a briefing on the transition plan of the Department of 
        Defense for implementing an annual enrollment period 
        for TRICARE Prime and TRICARE Select pursuant to 
        section 1099(b)(1) of title 10, United States Code, as 
        amended by paragraph (1). Such plan shall include 
        strategies to notify each beneficiary of the changes to 
        the TRICARE options and the changes to the enrollment 
        process.
    (e) Termination of TRICARE Standard and TRICARE Extra.--
Beginning on January 1, 2018, the Secretary of Defense may not 
carry out TRICARE Standard and TRICARE Extra under the TRICARE 
program. The Secretary shall ensure that any individual who is 
covered under TRICARE Standard or TRICARE Extra as of December 
31, 2017, enrolls in TRICARE Prime or TRICARE Select, as the 
case may be, as of January 1, 2018, for the individual to 
continue coverage under the TRICARE program.
    (f) Implementation Plan.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than June 1, 2017, the 
        Secretary of Defense shall submit to the Committees on 
        Armed Services of the House of Representatives and the 
        Senate an implementation plan to improve access to 
        health care for TRICARE beneficiaries pursuant to the 
        amendments made by this section.
            (2) Elements.--The plan under paragraph (1) shall--
                    (A) ensure that at least 85 percent of the 
                beneficiary population under TRICARE Select is 
                covered by the network by January 1, 2018;
                    (B) ensure access standards for 
                appointments for health care that meet or 
                exceed those of high-performing health care 
                systems in the United States, as determined by 
                the Secretary;
                    (C) establish mechanisms for monitoring 
                compliance with access standards;
                    (D) establish health care provider-to-
                beneficiary ratios;
                    (E) monitor on a monthly basis complaints 
                by beneficiaries with respect to network 
                adequacy and the availability of health care 
                providers;
                    (F) establish requirements for mechanisms 
                to monitor the responses to complaints by 
                beneficiaries;
                    (G) establish mechanisms to evaluate the 
                quality metrics of the network providers 
                established under section 728;
                    (H) include any recommendations for 
                legislative action the Secretary determines 
                necessary to carry out the plan; and
                    (I) include any other elements the 
                Secretary determines appropriate.
    (g) GAO Reviews.--
            (1) Implementation plan.--Not later than December 
        1, 2017, the Comptroller General of the United States 
        shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the 
        House of Representatives and the Senate a review of the 
        implementation plan of the Secretary under paragraph 
        (1) of subsection (f), including an assessment of the 
        adequacy of the plan in meeting the elements specified 
        in paragraph (2) of such subsection.
            (2) Network.--Not later than September 1, 2017, the 
        Comptroller General shall submit to the Committees on 
        Armed Services of the House of Representatives and the 
        Senate a review of the network established under 
        TRICARE Extra, including the following:
                    (A) An identification of the percent of 
                beneficiaries who are covered by the network.
                    (B) An assessment of the extent to which 
                beneficiaries are able to obtain appointments 
                under TRICARE Extra.
                    (C) The percent of network providers under 
                TRICARE Extra that accept new patients under 
                the TRICARE program.
                    (D) An assessment of the satisfaction of 
                beneficiaries under TRICARE Extra.
    (h) Pilot Program on Incorporation of Value-based Health 
Care in Purchased Care Component of TRICARE Program.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than January 1, 2018, 
        the Secretary of Defense shall carry out a pilot 
        program to demonstrate and assess the feasibility of 
        incorporating value-based health care methodology in 
        the purchased care component of the TRICARE program by 
        reducing copayments or cost shares for targeted 
        populations of covered beneficiaries in the receipt of 
        high-value medications and services and the use of 
        high-value providers under such purchased care 
        component, including by exempting certain services from 
        deductible requirements.
            (2) Requirements.--In carrying out the pilot 
        program under paragraph (1), the Secretary shall--
                    (A) identify each high-value medication and 
                service that is covered under the purchased 
                care component of the TRICARE program for which 
                a reduction or elimination of the copayment or 
                cost share for such medication or service would 
                encourage covered beneficiaries to use the 
                medication or service;
                    (B) reduce or eliminate copayments or cost 
                shares for covered beneficiaries to receive 
                high-value medications and services;
                    (C) reduce or eliminate copayments or cost 
                shares for covered beneficiaries to receive 
                health care services from high-value providers;
                    (D) credit the amount of any reduction or 
                elimination of a copayment or cost share under 
                subparagraph (B) or (C) for a covered 
                beneficiary towards meeting a deductible 
                applicable to the covered beneficiary in the 
                purchased care component of the TRICARE program 
                to the same extent as if such reduction or 
                elimination had not applied; and
                    (E) develop a process to reimburse high-
                value providers at rates higher than those 
                rates for health care providers that are not 
                high-value providers.
            (3) Report on value-based health care 
        methodology.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
        the enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall submit 
        to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and 
        the House of Representatives a report that includes the 
        following:
                    (A) A list of each high-value medication 
                and service identified under paragraph (2)(A) 
                for which the copayment or cost share amount 
                will be reduced or eliminated under the pilot 
                program to encourage covered beneficiaries to 
                use such medications and services through the 
                purchased care component of the TRICARE 
                program.
                    (B) For each high-value medication and 
                service identified under paragraph (2)(A), the 
                amount of the copayment or cost share required 
                under the purchased care component of the 
                TRICARE program and the amount of any reduction 
                or elimination of such copayment or cost share 
                pursuant to the pilot program.
                    (C) A description of a plan to identify and 
                communicate to covered beneficiaries, through 
                multiple communication media--
                            (i) the list of high-value 
                        medications and services described in 
                        subparagraph (A); and
                            (ii) a list of high-value 
                        providers.
                    (D) A description of modifications, if any, 
                to existing health care contracts that may be 
                required to implement value-based health care 
                methodology in the purchased care component of 
                the TRICARE program under the pilot program and 
                the estimated costs of those contract 
                modifications.
            (4) Comptroller general preliminary review and 
        assessment.--
                    (A) Not later than March 1, 2021, the 
                Comptroller General of the United States shall 
                submit to the Committees on Armed Services of 
                the Senate and the House of Representatives a 
                review and assessment of the preliminary 
                results of the pilot program.
                    (B) The review and assessment required 
                under subparagraph (A) shall include the 
                following:
                            (i) An assessment of the extent of 
                        the use of value-based health care 
                        methodology in the purchased care 
                        component of the TRICARE program under 
                        the pilot program.
                            (ii) An analysis demonstrating how 
                        reducing or eliminating the copayment 
                        or cost share for each high-value 
                        medication and service identified under 
                        paragraph (2)(A) resulted in--
                                    (I) increased adherence to 
                                medication regimens;
                                    (II) improvement of quality 
                                measures;
                                    (III) improvement of health 
                                outcomes;
                                    (IV) reduction of number of 
                                emergency room visits or 
                                hospitalizations; and
                                    (V) enhancement of 
                                experience of care for covered 
                                beneficiaries.
                            (iii) Such recommendations for 
                        incentivizing the use of high-value 
                        medications and services to improve 
                        health outcomes and the experience of 
                        care for beneficiaries as the 
                        Comptroller General considers 
                        appropriate.
            (5) Review and assessment of pilot program.--
                    (A) Not later than January 1, 2023, the 
                Secretary shall submit to the Committees on 
                Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
                Representatives a review and assessment of the 
                pilot program.
                    (B) The review and assessment required 
                under subparagraph (A) shall include the 
                following:
                            (i) An assessment of the extent of 
                        the use of value-based health care 
                        methodology in the purchased care 
                        component of the TRICARE program under 
                        the pilot program.
                            (ii) An analysis demonstrating how 
                        reducing or eliminating the copayment 
                        or cost share for each high-value 
                        medication and service identified under 
                        paragraph (2)(A) resulted in--
                                    (I) increased adherence to 
                                medication regimens;
                                    (II) improvement of quality 
                                measures;
                                    (III) improvement of health 
                                outcomes; and
                                    (IV) enhancement of 
                                experience of care for covered 
                                beneficiaries.
                            (iii) A cost-benefit analysis of 
                        the implementation of value-based 
                        health care methodology in the 
                        purchased care component of the TRICARE 
                        program under the pilot program.
                            (iv) Such recommendations for 
                        incentivizing the use of high-value 
                        medications and services to improve 
                        health outcomes and the experience of 
                        care for covered beneficiaries as the 
                        Secretary considers appropriate.
            (6) Termination.--The Secretary may not carry out 
        the pilot program after December 31, 2022.
    (i) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) The terms ``uniformed services'', ``covered 
        beneficiary'', ``TRICARE Extra'', ``TRICARE for Life'', 
        ``TRICARE Prime'', and ``TRICARE Standard'', have the 
        meaning given those terms in section 1072 of title 10, 
        United States Code, as amended by subsection (j).
            (2) The term ``TRICARE Select'' means the self-
        managed, preferred-provider network option under the 
        TRICARE program established by section 1075 of such 
        title, as added by subsection (a).
            (3) The term ``chronic conditions'' includes 
        diabetes, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, 
        asthma, congestive heart failure, hypertension, history 
        of stroke, coronary artery disease, mood disorders, and 
        such other diseases or conditions as the Secretary 
        considers appropriate.
            (4) The term ``high-value medications and 
        services'' means prescription medications and clinical 
        services for the management of chronic conditions that 
        the Secretary determines would improve health outcomes 
        and create health value for covered beneficiaries (such 
        as preventive care, primary and specialty care, 
        diagnostic tests, procedures, and durable medical 
        equipment).
            (5) The term ``high-value provider'' means an 
        individual or institutional health care provider that 
        provides health care under the purchased care component 
        of the TRICARE program and that consistently improves 
        the experience of care, meets established quality of 
        care and effectiveness metrics, and reduces the per 
        capita costs of health care.
            (6) The term ``value-based health care 
        methodology'' means a methodology for identifying 
        specific prescription medications and clinical services 
        provided under the TRICARE program for which reduction 
        of copayments, cost shares, or both, would improve the 
        management of specific chronic conditions because of 
        the high value and clinical effectiveness of such 
        medications and services for such chronic conditions.
    (j) Conforming Amendments.--
            (1) In general.--Title 10, United States Code, is 
        amended as follows:
                    (A) Section 1072 is amended--
                            (i) by striking paragraph (7) and 
                        inserting the following:
            ``(7) The term `TRICARE program' means the various 
        programs carried out by the Secretary of Defense under 
        this chapter and any other provision of law providing 
        for the furnishing of medical and dental care and 
        health benefits to members and former members of the 
        uniformed services and their dependents, including the 
        following health plan options:
                    ``(A) TRICARE Prime.
                    ``(B) TRICARE Select.
                    ``(C) TRICARE for Life.''; and
                            (ii) by adding at the end the 
                        following new paragraphs:
            ``(11) The term `TRICARE Extra' means the 
        preferred-provider option of the TRICARE program made 
        available prior to January 1, 2018, under which TRICARE 
        Standard beneficiaries may obtain discounts on cost 
        sharing as a result of using TRICARE network providers.
            ``(12) The term `TRICARE Select' means the self-
        managed, preferred-provider network option under the 
        TRICARE program established by section 1075 of this 
        title.
            ``(13) The term `TRICARE for Life' means the 
        Medicare wraparound coverage option of the TRICARE 
        program made available to the beneficiary by reason of 
        section 1086(d) of this title.
            ``(14) The term `TRICARE Prime' means the managed 
        care option of the TRICARE program.
            ``(15) The term `TRICARE Standard' means the 
        TRICARE program made available prior to January 1, 
        2018, covering--
                    ``(A) medical care to which a dependent 
                described in section 1076(a)(2) of this title 
                is entitled; and
                    ``(B) health benefits contracted for under 
                the authority of section 1079(a) of this title 
                and subject to the same rates and conditions as 
                apply to persons covered under that section.''.
                    (B) Section 1076d is amended--
                            (i) in subsection (d)(1), by 
                        inserting after ``coverage.'' the 
                        following: ``Such premium shall apply 
                        instead of any enrollment fees required 
                        under section 1075 of this section.''; 
                        and
                            (ii) in subsection (f), by striking 
                        paragraph (2) and inserting the 
                        following new paragraph:
            ``(2) The term `TRICARE Reserve Select' means the 
        TRICARE Select self-managed, preferred-provider network 
        option under section 1075 made available to 
        beneficiaries by reason of this section and in 
        accordance with subsection (d)(1).''; and
                            (iii) by striking ``TRICARE 
                        Standard'' each place it appears 
                        (including in the heading of such 
                        section) and inserting ``TRICARE 
                        Reserve Select''.
                    (C) Section 1076e is amended--
                            (i) in subsection (d)(1), by 
                        inserting after ``coverage.'' the 
                        following: ``Such premium shall apply 
                        instead of any enrollment fees required 
                        under section 1075 of this section.''; 
                        and
                            (ii) in subsection (f), by striking 
                        paragraph (2) and inserting the 
                        following new paragraph:
            ``(2) The term `TRICARE Retired Reserve' means the 
        TRICARE Select self-managed, preferred-provider network 
        option under section 1075 made available to 
        beneficiaries by reason of this section and in 
        accordance with subsection (d)(1).'';
                            (iii) in subsection (b), by 
                        striking ``TRICARE Standard coverage 
                        at'' and inserting ``TRICARE coverage 
                        at''; and
                            (iv) by striking ``TRICARE 
                        Standard'' each place it appears 
                        (including in the heading of such 
                        section) and inserting ``TRICARE 
                        Retired Reserve''.
                    (D) Section 1079a is amended--
                            (i) in the section heading, by 
                        striking ``CHAMPUS'' and inserting 
                        ``TRICARE program''; and
                            (ii) by striking ``the Civilian 
                        Health and Medical Program of the 
                        Uniformed Services'' and inserting 
                        ``the TRICARE program''.
                    (E) Section 1099(c) is amended by striking 
                paragraph (2) and inserting the following new 
                paragraph:
            ``(2) A plan under the TRICARE program.''.
                    (F) Section 1110b(c)(1) is amended by 
                inserting after ``(b).'' the following: ``Such 
                premium shall apply instead of any enrollment 
                fees required under section 1075 of this 
                section.''.
            (2) Clerical amendments.--The table of sections at 
        the beginning of chapter 55 of title 10, United States 
        Code, is further amended--
                    (A) in the item relating to section 1076d, 
                by striking ``TRICARE Standard'' and inserting 
                ``TRICARE Reserve Select'';
                    (B) in the item relating to section 1076e, 
                by striking ``TRICARE Standard'' and inserting 
                ``TRICARE Retired Reserve'';
                    (C) in the item relating to section 1079a, 
                by striking ``CHAMPUS'' and inserting ``TRICARE 
                program''; and
                    (D) in the item relating to section 1095f, 
                by striking ``for specialty health care'' and 
                inserting ``and preauthorizations under TRICARE 
                Prime''.
            (3) Conforming style.--Any new language inserted or 
        added to title 10, United States Code, by an amendment 
        made by this subsection shall conform to the typeface 
        and typestyle of the matter in which the language is so 
        inserted or added.
    (k) Application.--The amendments made by this section shall 
apply with respect to the provision of health care under the 
TRICARE program beginning on January 1, 2018.

SEC. 702. REFORM OF ADMINISTRATION OF THE DEFENSE HEALTH AGENCY AND 
                    MILITARY MEDICAL TREATMENT FACILITIES.

    (a) Administration.--
            (1) In general.--Chapter 55 of title 10, United 
        States Code, is amended by inserting after section 
        1073b the following new section:

``Sec. 1073c. Administration of Defense Health Agency and military 
                    medical treatment facilities

    ``(a) Administration of Military Medical Treatment 
Facilities.--(1) Beginning October 1, 2018, the Director of the 
Defense Health Agency shall be responsible for the 
administration of each military medical treatment facility, 
including with respect to--
            ``(A) budgetary matters;
            ``(B) information technology;
            ``(C) health care administration and management;
            ``(D) administrative policy and procedure;
            ``(E) miliary medical construction; and
            ``(F) any other matters the Secretary of Defense 
        determines appropriate.
    ``(2) The commander of each military medical treatment 
facility shall be responsible for--
            ``(A) ensuring the readiness of the members of the 
        armed forces and civilian employees at such facility; 
        and
            ``(B) furnishing the health care and medical 
        treatment provided at such facility.
    ``(3) The Secretary of Defense shall establish within the 
Defense Health Agency a professional staff to provide policy, 
oversight, and direction to carry out subsection (a). The 
Secretary shall carry out this paragraph by appointing the 
positions specified in subsections (b) and (c).
    ``(b) DHA Assistant Director.--(1) There is in the Defense 
Health Agency an Assistant Director for Health Care 
Administration. The Assistant Director shall--
            ``(A) be a career appointee within the Department; 
        and
            ``(B) report directly to the Director of the 
        Defense Health Agency.
    ``(2) The Assistant Director shall be appointed from among 
individuals who have equivalent education and experience as a 
chief executive officer leading a large, civilian health care 
system.
    ``(3) The Assistant Director shall be responsible for the 
following:
            ``(A) Establishing priorities for health care 
        administration and management.
            ``(B) Establishing policies, procedures, and 
        direction for the provision of direct care at military 
        medical treatment facilities.
            ``(C) Establishing priorities for budgeting matters 
        with respect to the provision of direct care at 
        military medical treatment facilities.
            ``(D) Establishing policies, procedures, and 
        direction for clinic management and operations at 
        military medical treatment facilities.
            ``(E) Establishing priorities for information 
        technology at and between the military medical 
        treatment facilities.
    ``(c) DHA Deputy Assistant Directors.--(1)(A) There is in 
the Defense Health Agency a Deputy Assistant Director for 
Information Operations.
    ``(B) The Deputy Assistant Director for Information 
Operations shall be responsible for policies, management, and 
execution of information technology operations at and between 
the military medical treatment facilities.
    ``(2)(A) There is in the Defense Health Agency a Deputy 
Assistant Director for Financial Operations.
    ``(B) The Deputy Assistant Director for Financial 
Operations shall be responsible for the policy, procedures, and 
direction of budgeting matters and financial management with 
respect to the provision of direct care across the military 
health system.
    ``(3)(A) There is in the Defense Health Agency a Deputy 
Assistant Director for Health Care Operations.
    ``(B) The Deputy Assistant Director for Health Care 
Operations shall be responsible for the policy, procedures, and 
direction of health care administration in the military medical 
treatment facilities.
    ``(4)(A) There is in the Defense Health Agency a Deputy 
Assistant Director for Medical Affairs.
    ``(B) The Deputy Assistant Director for Medical Affairs 
shall be responsible for policy, procedures, and direction of 
clinical quality and process improvement, patient safety, 
infection control, graduate medical education, clinical 
integration, utilization review, risk management, patient 
experience, and civilian physician recruiting.
    ``(5) Each Deputy Assistant Director appointed under 
paragraphs (1) through (4) shall report directly to the 
Assistant Director for Health Care Administration.
    ``(d) Certain Responsibilities of DHA Director.--(1) In 
addition to the other duties of the Director of the Defense 
Health Agency, the Director shall coordinate with the Joint 
Staff Surgeon to ensure that the Director most effectively 
carries out the responsibilities of the Defense Health Agency 
as a combat support agency under section 193 of this title.
    ``(2) The responsibilities of the Director shall include 
the following:
            ``(A) Ensuring that the Defense Health Agency meets 
        the operational needs of the commanders of the 
        combatant commands.
            ``(B) Coordinating with the military departments to 
        ensure that the staffing at the military medical 
        treatment facilities supports readiness requirements 
        for members of the armed forces and health care 
        personnel.
    ``(e) Definitions.--In this section:
            ``(1) The term `career appointee' has the meaning 
        given that term in section 3132(a)(4) of title 5.
            ``(2) The term `Defense Health Agency' means the 
        Defense Agency established pursuant to Department of 
        Defense Directive 5136.13, or such successor Defense 
        Agency.''.
            (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at 
        the beginning of such chapter is amended by inserting 
        after the item relating to section 1073b the following 
        new item:

``1073c. Administration of Defense Health Agency and military medical 
          treatment facilities.''.
    (b) Positions of Surgeon General in the Armed Forces.--
            (1) Surgeon general of the army.--Section 3036 of 
        title 10, United States Code, is amended--
                    (A) in subsection (d), by striking ``(1)'';
                    (B) by redesignating subsection (e) as 
                subsection (g);
                    (C) by inserting after subsection (d) a new 
                subsection (e);
                    (D) by transferring paragraphs (2) and (3) 
                of subsection (d) to subsection (e), as added 
                by subparagraph (C), and redesignating such 
                paragraphs as paragraphs (1) and (2), 
                respectively; and
                    (E) by adding after subsection (e), as 
                added by subparagraph (C), the following new 
                subsection (f):
    ``(f)(1) The Surgeon General serves as the principal 
advisor to the Secretary of the Army and the Chief of Staff of 
the Army on all health and medical matters of the Army, 
including strategic planning and policy development relating to 
such matters.
    ``(2) The Surgeon General serves as the chief medical 
advisor of the Army to the Director of the Defense Health 
Agency on matters pertaining to military health readiness 
requirements and safety of members of the Army.
    ``(3) The Surgeon General, acting under the authority, 
direction, and control of the Secretary of the Army, shall 
recruit, organize, train, and equip, medical personnel of the 
Army.''.
            (2) Surgeon general of the navy.--
                    (A) In general.--Section 5137 of title 10, 
                United States Code, is amended to read as 
                follows:

``Sec. 5137. Surgeon General: appointment; duties

    ``(a) Appointment.--The Surgeon General of the Navy shall 
be appointed by the President, by and with the advice and 
consent of the Senate, for a term of four years, from officers 
on the active-duty list of the Navy in any corps of the Navy 
Medical Department.
    ``(b) Duties.--(1) The Surgeon General serves as the Chief 
of the Bureau of Medicine and Surgery and serves as the 
principal advisor to the Secretary of the Navy and the Chief of 
Naval Operations on all health and medical matters of the Navy 
and the Marine Corps, including strategic planning and policy 
development relating to such matters.
    ``(2) The Surgeon General serves as the chief medical 
advisor of the Navy and the Marine Corps to the Director of the 
Defense Health Agency on matters pertaining to military health 
readiness requirements and safety of members of the Navy and 
the Marine Corps.
    ``(3) The Surgeon General, acting under the authority, 
direction, and control of the Secretary of the Navy, shall 
recruit, organize, train, and equip, medical personnel of the 
Navy and the Marine Corps.''.
                    (B) Clerical amendment.--The table of 
                sections at the beginning of chapter 513 of 
                such title is amended by striking the item 
                relating to section 5137 and inserting the 
                following new item:

``5137. Surgeon General: appointment; duties.''.
            (3) Surgeon general of the air force.--
                    (A) In general.--Section 8036 of title 10, 
                United States Code, is amended to read as 
                follows:

``Sec. 8036. Surgeon General: appointment; duties

    ``(a) Appointment.--The Surgeon General of the Air Force 
shall be appointed by the President, by and with the advice and 
consent of the Senate from officers of the Air Force who are in 
the Air Force medical department.
    ``(b) Duties.--(1) The Surgeon General serves as the 
principal advisor to the Secretary of the Air Force and the 
Chief of Staff of the Air Force on all health and medical 
matters of the Air Force, including strategic planning and 
policy development relating to such matters.
    ``(2) The Surgeon General serves as the chief medical 
advisor of the Air Force to the Director of the Defense Health 
Agency on matters pertaining to military health readiness 
requirements and safety of members of the Air Force.
    ``(3) The Surgeon General, acting under the authority, 
direction, and control of the Secretary of the Air Force, shall 
recruit, organize, train, and equip, medical personnel of the 
Air Force.''.
                    (B) Clerical amendment.--The table of 
                sections at the beginning of chapter 805 of 
                such title is amended by striking the item 
                relating to section 8036 and inserting the 
                following new item:

``8036. Surgeon General: appointment; duties.''.
    (c) Appointments.--The Secretary of Defense shall make 
appointments of the positions under section 1073c of title 10, 
United States Code, as added by subsection (a)--
            (1) by not later than October 1, 2018; and
            (2) by not increasing the number of full-time 
        equivalent employees of the Defense Health Agency.
    (d) Implementation Plan.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
        develop a plan to implement section 1073c of title 10, 
        United States Code, as added by subsection (a).
            (2) Elements.--The plan developed under paragraph 
        (1) shall include the following:
                    (A) How the Secretary will carry out 
                subsection (a) of such section 1073c.
                    (B) Efforts to eliminate duplicative 
                activities carried out by the elements of the 
                Defense Health Agency and the military 
                departments.
                    (C) Efforts to maximize efficiencies in the 
                activities carried out by the Defense Health 
                Agency.
                    (D) How the Secretary will implement such 
                section 1073c in a manner that reduces the 
                number of members of the Armed Forces, civilian 
                employees who are full-time equivalent 
                employees, and contractors relating to the 
                headquarters activities of the military health 
                system, as of the date of the enactment of this 
                Act.
    (e) Reports.--
            (1) Interim report.--Not later than March 1, 2017, 
        the Secretary shall submit to the Committees on Armed 
        Services of the House of Representatives and the Senate 
        a report containing--
                    (A) a preliminary draft of the plan 
                developed under subsection (d)(1); and
                    (B) any recommendations for legislative 
                actions the Secretary determines necessary to 
                carry out the plan.
            (2) Final report.--Not later than March 1, 2018, 
        the Secretary shall submit to the Committees on Armed 
        Services of the House of Representatives and the Senate 
        a report containing the final version of the plan 
        developed under subsection (d)(1).
            (3) Comptroller general reviews.--
                    (A) The Comptroller General of the United 
                States shall submit to the Committees on Armed 
                Services of the House of Representatives and 
                the Senate--
                            (i) a review of the preliminary 
                        draft of the plan submitted under 
                        paragraph (1) by not later than 
                        September 1, 2017; and
                            (ii) a review of the final version 
                        of the plan submitted under paragraph 
                        (2) by not later than September 1, 
                        2018.
                    (B) Each review of the plan conducted under 
                subparagraph (A) shall determine whether the 
                Secretary has addressed the required elements 
                for the plan under subsection (d)(2).

SEC. 703. MILITARY MEDICAL TREATMENT FACILITIES.

    (a) Administration.--
            (1) In general.--Chapter 55 of title 10, United 
        States Code, as amended by section 702, is further 
        amended by inserting after section 1073c the following 
        new section:

``Sec. 1073d. Military medical treatment facilities

    ``(a) In General.--To support the medical readiness of the 
armed forces and the readiness of medical personnel, the 
Secretary of Defense, in consultation with the Secretaries of 
the military departments, shall maintain the military medical 
treatment facilities described in subsections (b), (c), and 
(d).
    ``(b) Medical Centers.--(1) The Secretary of Defense shall 
maintain medical centers in areas with a large population of 
members of the armed forces and covered beneficiaries.
    ``(2) Medical centers shall serve as referral facilities 
for members and covered beneficiaries who require comprehensive 
health care services that support medical readiness.
    ``(3) Medical centers shall consist of the following:
            ``(A) Inpatient and outpatient tertiary care 
        facilities that incorporate specialty and subspecialty 
        care.
            ``(B) Graduate medical education programs.
            ``(C) Residency training programs.
            ``(D) Level one or level two trauma care 
        capabilities.
    ``(4) The Secretary may designate a medical center as a 
regional center of excellence for unique and highly specialized 
health care services, including with respect to polytrauma, 
organ transplantation, and burn care.
    ``(c) Hospitals.--(1) The Secretary of Defense shall 
maintain hospitals in areas where civilian health care 
facilities are unable to support the health care needs of 
members of the armed forces and covered beneficiaries.
    ``(2) Hospitals shall provide--
            ``(A) inpatient and outpatient health services to 
        maintain medical readiness; and
            ``(B) such other programs and functions as the 
        Secretary determines appropriate.
    ``(3) Hospitals shall consist of inpatient and outpatient 
care facilities with limited specialty care that the Secretary 
determines--
            ``(A) is cost effective; or
            ``(B) is not available at civilian health care 
        facilities in the area of the hospital.
    ``(d) Ambulatory Care Centers.--(1) The Secretary of 
Defense shall maintain ambulatory care centers in areas where 
civilian health care facilities are able to support the health 
care needs of members of the armed forces and covered 
beneficiaries.
    ``(2) Ambulatory care centers shall provide the outpatient 
health services required to maintain medical readiness, 
including with respect to partnerships established pursuant to 
section 706 of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
Fiscal Year 2017.
    ``(3) Ambulatory care centers shall consist of outpatient 
care facilities with limited specialty care that the Secretary 
determines--
            ``(A) is cost effective; or
            ``(B) is not available at civilian health care 
        facilities in the area of the ambulatory care 
        center.''.
            (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at 
        the beginning of such chapter, as amended by section 
        702, is further amended by inserting after the item 
        relating to section 1073c the following new item:

``1073d. Military medical treatment facilities.''.
            (3) Satellite centers.--In addition to the centers 
        of excellence designated under section 1073d(b)(4) of 
        title 10, United States Code, as added by paragraph 
        (1), the Secretary of Defense may establish satellite 
        centers of excellence to provide specialty care for 
        certain conditions, including with respect to--
                    (A) post-traumatic stress;
                    (B) traumatic brain injury; and
                    (C) such other conditions as the Secretary 
                considers appropriate.
    (b) Exception.--In carrying out section 1073d of title 10, 
United States Code, as added by subsection (a)(1), the 
Secretary of Defense may not restructure or realign the 
infrastructure of, or modify the health care services provided 
by, a military medical treatment facility unless the Secretary 
determines that, if such a restructure, realignment, or 
modification will eliminate the ability of a covered 
beneficiary to access health care services at a military 
medical treatment facility, the covered beneficiary will be 
able to access such health care services through the purchased 
care component of the TRICARE program.
    (c) Update of Study.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense, in 
        collaboration with the Secretaries of the military 
        departments, shall update the report described in 
        paragraph (2) to address the restructuring or 
        realignment of military medical treatment facilities 
        pursuant to section 1073d of title 10, United States 
        Code, as added by subsection (a), including with 
        respect to any expansions or consolidations of such 
        facilities.
            (2) Report described.--The report described in this 
        paragraph is the Military Health System Modernization 
        Study dated May 29th, 2015, required by section 
        713(a)(2) of the Carl Levin and Howard P. ``Buck'' 
        McKeon National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
        Year 2015 (Public Law 113-291; 128 Stat. 3414).
            (3) Submission.--Not later than 270 days after the 
        date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of 
        Defense shall submit to the congressional defense 
        committees the updated report under paragraph (1).
    (d) Implementation Plan.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than two years after the 
        date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of 
        Defense shall submit to the congressional defense 
        committees an implementation plan to restructure or 
        realign the military medical treatment facilities 
        pursuant to section 1073d of title 10, United States 
        Code, as added by subsection (a).
            (2) Elements.--The implementation plan under 
        paragraph (1) shall include the following:
                    (A) With respect to each military medical 
                treatment facility--
                            (i) whether the facility will be 
                        realigned or restructured under the 
                        plan;
                            (ii) whether the functions of such 
                        facility will be expanded or 
                        consolidated;
                            (iii) the costs of such realignment 
                        or restructuring;
                            (iv) a description of any changes 
                        to the military and civilian personnel 
                        assigned to such facility as of the 
                        date of the plan;
                            (v) a timeline for such realignment 
                        or restructuring;
                            (vi) the justifications for such 
                        realignment or restructuring, including 
                        an assessment of the capacity of the 
                        civilian health care facilities located 
                        near such facility;
                            (vii) a comprehensive assessment of 
                        the health care services provided at 
                        the facility;
                            (viii) a description of the current 
                        accessibility of covered beneficiaries 
                        to health care services provided at the 
                        facility and proposed modifications to 
                        that accessibility, including with 
                        respect to types of services provided;
                            (ix) a description of the current 
                        availability of urgent care, emergent 
                        care, and specialty care at the 
                        facility and in the TRICARE provider 
                        network in the area in which the 
                        facility is located, and proposed 
                        modifications to the availability of 
                        such care;
                            (x) a description of the current 
                        level of coordination between the 
                        facility and local health care 
                        providers in the area in which the 
                        facility is located and proposed 
                        modifications to such level of 
                        coordination; and
                            (xi) a description of any unique 
                        challenges to providing health care at 
                        the facility, with a focus on 
                        challenges relating to rural, remote, 
                        and insular areas, as appropriate.
                    (B) A description of the relocation of the 
                graduate medical education programs and the 
                residency programs.
                    (C) A description of the plans to assist 
                members of the Armed Forces and covered 
                beneficiaries with travel and lodging, if 
                necessary, in connection with the receipt of 
                specialty care services at regional centers of 
                excellence designated under subsection (b)(4) 
                of such section 1073d.
                    (D) A description of how the Secretary will 
                carry out subsection (b).
            (3) GAO report.--Not later than 60 days after the 
        date on which the Secretary of Defense submits the 
        report under paragraph (1), the Comptroller General of 
        the United States shall submit to the Committees on 
        Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
        Representatives a review of such report.
    (e) Definitions.--In this section, the terms ``covered 
beneficiary'' and ``TRICARE program'' have the meaning given 
those terms in section 1072 of title 10, United States Code.

SEC. 704. ACCESS TO URGENT AND PRIMARY CARE UNDER TRICARE PROGRAM.

    (a) In General.--Chapter 55 of title 10, United States 
Code, is amended by inserting after section 1077 the following 
new section:

``Sec. 1077a. Access to military medical treatment facilities and other 
                    facilities

    ``(a) Urgent Care.--(1) The Secretary of Defense shall 
ensure that military medical treatment facilities, at locations 
the Secretary determines appropriate, provide urgent care 
services for members of the armed forces and covered 
beneficiaries until 11:00 p.m. each day.
    ``(2) With respect to areas in which a military medical 
treatment facility covered by paragraph (1) is not located, the 
Secretary shall ensure that members of the armed forces and 
covered beneficiaries may access urgent care clinics through 
the health care provider network under the TRICARE program.
    ``(3) A covered beneficiary may access urgent care services 
without the need for preauthorization for such services.
    ``(4) The Secretary shall--
            ``(A) publish information about changes in access 
        to urgent care under the TRICARE program--
                    ``(i) on the primary publicly available 
                Internet website of the Department; and
                    ``(ii) on the primary publicly available 
                Internet website of each military medical 
                treatment facility; and
            ``(B) ensure that such information is made 
        available on the publicly available Internet website of 
        each current managed care support contractor that has 
        established a health care provider network under the 
        TRICARE program.
    ``(b) Nurse Advice Line.--The Secretary shall ensure that 
the nurse advice line of the Department directs covered 
beneficiaries seeking access to care to the source of the most 
appropriate level of health care required to treat the medical 
conditions of the beneficiaries, including urgent care services 
described in subsection (a).
    ``(c) Primary Care Clinics.--(1) The Secretary shall ensure 
that primary care clinics at military medical treatment 
facilities are available for members of the armed forces and 
covered beneficiaries between the hours determined appropriate 
under paragraph (2), including with respect to expanded hours 
described in subparagraph (B) of such paragraph.
    ``(2)(A) The Secretary shall determine the hours that each 
primary care clinic at a military medical treatment facility is 
available for members of the armed forces and covered 
beneficiaries based on--
            ``(i) the needs of the military medical treatment 
        facility to meet the access standards under the TRICARE 
        Prime program; and
            ``(ii) the primary care utilization patterns of 
        members and covered beneficiaries at such military 
        medical treatment facility.
    ``(B) The primary care clinic hours at a military medical 
treatment facility determined under subparagraph (A) shall 
include expanded hours beyond regular business hours during 
weekdays and the weekend if the Secretary determines under such 
subparagraph that sufficient demand exists at the military 
medical treatment facility for such expanded primary care 
clinic hours.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the 
beginning of such chapter is amended by inserting after the 
item relating to section 1077 the following new item:

``1077a. Access to military medical treatment facilities and other 
          facilities''.
    (c) Implementation.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
implement--
            (1) subsection (a) of section 1077a of title 10, 
        United States Code, as added by subsection (a) of this 
        section, by not later than one year after the date of 
        the enactment of this Act; and
            (2) subsection (c) of such section by not later 
        than 180 days after the date of the enactment of this 
        Act.

SEC. 705. VALUE-BASED PURCHASING AND ACQUISITION OF MANAGED CARE 
                    SUPPORT CONTRACTS FOR TRICARE PROGRAM.

    (a) Value-based Health Care.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
        develop and implement value-based incentive programs as 
        part of any contract awarded under chapter 55 of title 
        10, United States Code, for the provision of health 
        care services to covered beneficiaries to encourage 
        health care providers under the TRICARE program 
        (including physicians, hospitals, and other persons and 
        facilities involved in providing such health care 
        services) to improve the following:
                    (A) The quality of health care provided to 
                covered beneficiaries under the TRICARE 
                program.
                    (B) The experience of covered beneficiaries 
                in receiving health care under the TRICARE 
                program.
                    (C) The health of covered beneficiaries.
            (2) Value-based incentive programs.--
                    (A) Development.--In developing value-based 
                incentive programs under paragraph (1), the 
                Secretary shall--
                            (i) link payments to health care 
                        providers under the TRICARE program to 
                        improved performance with respect to 
                        quality, cost, and reducing the 
                        provision of inappropriate care;
                            (ii) consider the characteristics 
                        of the population of covered 
                        beneficiaries affected by the value-
                        based incentive program;
                            (iii) consider how the value-based 
                        incentive program would affect the 
                        receipt of health care under the 
                        TRICARE program by such covered 
                        beneficiaries;
                            (iv) establish or maintain an 
                        assurance that such covered 
                        beneficiaries will have timely access 
                        to health care during the operation of 
                        the value-based incentive program;
                            (v) ensure that such covered 
                        beneficiaries do not incur any 
                        additional costs by reason of the 
                        value-based incentive program; and
                            (vi) consider such other factors as 
                        the Secretary considers appropriate.
                    (B) Scope and metrics.--With respect to a 
                value-based incentive program developed and 
                implemented under paragraph (1), the Secretary 
                shall ensure that--
                            (i) the size, scope, and duration 
                        of the value-based incentive program is 
                        reasonable in relation to the purpose 
                        of the value-based incentive program; 
                        and
                            (ii) the value-based incentive 
                        program relies on the core quality 
                        performance metrics adopted pursuant to 
                        section 728.
            (3) Use of existing models.--In developing a value-
        based incentive program under paragraph (1), the 
        Secretary may adapt a value-based incentive program 
        conducted by a TRICARE managed care support contractor, 
        the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services, or any 
        other Federal Government, State government, or 
        commercial health care program.
    (b) Transfer of Contracting Responsibility.--With respect 
to the acquisition of any managed care support contracts under 
the TRICARE program initiated after the date of the enactment 
of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall transfer 
contracting responsibility for the solicitation and award of 
such contracts from the Defense Health Agency to the Office of 
the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and 
Logistics.
    (c) Acquisition of Contracts.--
            (1) Strategy.--Not later than January 1, 2018, the 
        Secretary of Defense shall develop and implement a 
        strategy to ensure that managed care support contracts 
        under the TRICARE program entered into with private 
        sector entities, other than overseas medical support 
        contracts--
                    (A) improve access to health care for 
                covered beneficiaries;
                    (B) improve health outcomes for covered 
                beneficiaries;
                    (C) improve the quality of health care 
                received by covered beneficiaries;
                    (D) enhance the experience of covered 
                beneficiaries in receiving health care; and
                    (E) lower per capita costs to the 
                Department of Defense of health care provided 
                to covered beneficiaries.
            (2) Applicability of strategy.--
                    (A) In general.--The strategy required by 
                paragraph (1) shall apply to all managed care 
                support contracts under the TRICARE program 
                entered into with private sector entities.
                    (B) Modification of contracts.--Contracts 
                entered into prior to the implementation of the 
                strategy required by paragraph (1) shall be 
                modified to ensure consistency with such 
                strategy.
            (3) Local, regional, and national health plans.--In 
        developing and implementing the strategy required by 
        paragraph (1), the Secretary shall ensure that local, 
        regional, and national health plans have an opportunity 
        to participate in the competition for managed care 
        support contracts under the TRICARE program.
            (4) Continuous innovation.--The strategy required 
        by paragraph (1) shall include incentives for the 
        incorporation of innovative ideas and solutions into 
        managed care support contracts under the TRICARE 
        program through the use of teaming agreements, 
        subcontracts, and other contracting mechanisms that can 
        be used to develop and continuously refresh high-
        performing networks of health care providers at the 
        national, regional, and local level.
            (5) Elements of strategy.--The strategy required by 
        paragraph (1) shall provide for the following with 
        respect to managed care support contracts under the 
        TRICARE program:
                    (A) The maximization of flexibility in the 
                design and configuration of networks of 
                individual and institutional health care 
                providers, including a focus on the development 
                of high-performing networks of health care 
                providers.
                    (B) The establishment of an integrated 
                medical management system between military 
                medical treatment facilities and health care 
                providers in the private sector that, when 
                appropriate, effectively coordinates and 
                integrates health care across the continuum of 
                care.
                    (C) With respect to telehealth services--
                            (i) the maximization of the use of 
                        such services to provide real-time 
                        interactive communications between 
                        patients and health care providers and 
                        remote patient monitoring; and
                            (ii) the use of standardized 
                        payment methods to reimburse health 
                        care providers for the provision of 
                        such services.
                    (D) The use of value-based reimbursement 
                methodologies, including through the use of 
                value-based incentive programs under subsection 
                (a), that transfer financial risk to health 
                care providers and managed care support 
                contractors.
                    (E) The use of financial incentives for 
                contractors and health care providers to 
                receive an equitable share in the cost savings 
                to the Department resulting from improvement in 
                health outcomes for covered beneficiaries and 
                the experience of covered beneficiaries in 
                receiving health care.
                    (F) The use of incentives that emphasize 
                prevention and wellness for covered 
                beneficiaries receiving health care services 
                from private sector entities to seek such 
                services from high-value health care providers.
                    (G) The adoption of a streamlined process 
                for enrollment of covered beneficiaries to 
                receive health care and timely assignment of 
                primary care managers to covered beneficiaries.
                    (H) The elimination of the requirement for 
                a referral to be authorized prior receiving 
                specialty care services at a facility of the 
                Department of Defense or through the TRICARE 
                program.
                    (I) The use of incentives to encourage 
                covered beneficiaries to participate in medical 
                and lifestyle intervention programs.
            (6) Rural, remote, and isolated areas.--In 
        developing and implementing the strategy required by 
        paragraph (1), the Secretary shall--
                    (A) assess the unique characteristics of 
                providing health care services in Alaska, 
                Hawaii, and the territories and possessions of 
                the United States, and in rural, remote, or 
                isolated locations in the contiguous 48 States;
                    (B) consider the various challenges 
                inherent in developing robust networks of 
                health care providers in those locations;
                    (C) develop a provider reimbursement rate 
                structure in those locations that ensures--
                            (i) timely access of covered 
                        beneficiaries to health care services;
                            (ii) the delivery of high-quality 
                        primary and specialty care;
                            (iii) improvement in health 
                        outcomes for covered beneficiaries; and
                            (iv) an enhanced experience of care 
                        for covered beneficiaries; and
                    (D) ensure that managed care support 
                contracts under the TRICARE program in those 
                locations will--
                            (i) establish individual and 
                        institutional provider networks that 
                        will provide timely access to care for 
                        covered beneficiaries, including 
                        pursuant to such networks relating to 
                        an Indian tribe or tribal organization 
                        that is party to the Alaska Native 
                        Health Compact with the Indian Health 
                        Service or has entered into a contract 
                        with the Indian Health Service to 
                        provide health care in rural Alaska or 
                        other locations in the United States; 
                        and
                            (ii) deliver high-quality care, 
                        better health outcomes, and a better 
                        experience of care for covered 
                        beneficiaries.
    (d) Report Prior to Certain Contract Modifications.--Not 
later than 60 days before the date on which the Secretary of 
Defense first modifies a contract awarded under chapter 55 of 
title 10, United States Code, to implement a value-based 
incentive program under subsection (a), or the managed care 
support contract acquisition strategy under subsection (c), the 
Secretary shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of 
the Senate and the House of Representatives a report on any 
implementation plan of the Secretary with respect to such 
value-based incentive program or managed care support contract 
acquisition strategy.
    (e) Comptroller General Report.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than 180 days after the 
        date on which the Secretary submits the report under 
        subsection (d), the Comptroller General of the United 
        States shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services 
        of the Senate and the House of Representatives a report 
        that assesses the compliance of the Secretary of 
        Defense with the requirements of subsection (a) and 
        subsection (c).
            (2) Elements.--The report required by paragraph (1) 
        shall include an assessment of the following:
                    (A) Whether the approach of the Department 
                of Defense for acquiring managed care support 
                contracts under the TRICARE program--
                            (i) improves access to care;
                            (ii) improves health outcomes;
                            (iii) improves the experience of 
                        care for covered beneficiaries; and
                            (iv) lowers per capita health care 
                        costs.
                    (B) Whether the Department has, in its 
                requirements for managed care support contracts 
                under the TRICARE program, allowed for--
                            (i) maximum flexibility in network 
                        design and development;
                            (ii) integrated medical management 
                        between military medical treatment 
                        facilities and network providers;
                            (iii) the maximum use of the full 
                        range of telehealth services;
                            (iv) the use of value-based 
                        reimbursement methods that transfer 
                        financial risk to health care providers 
                        and managed care support contractors;
                            (v) the use of prevention and 
                        wellness incentives to encourage 
                        covered beneficiaries to seek health 
                        care services from high-value 
                        providers;
                            (vi) a streamlined enrollment 
                        process and timely assignment of 
                        primary care managers;
                            (vii) the elimination of the 
                        requirement to seek authorization for 
                        referrals for specialty care services;
                            (viii) the use of incentives to 
                        encourage covered beneficiaries to 
                        engage in medical and lifestyle 
                        intervention programs; and
                            (ix) the use of financial 
                        incentives for contractors and health 
                        care providers to receive an equitable 
                        share in cost savings resulting from 
                        improvements in health outcomes and the 
                        experience of care for covered 
                        beneficiaries.
                    (C) Whether the Department has considered, 
                in developing requirements for managed care 
                support contracts under the TRICARE program, 
                the following:
                            (i) The unique characteristics of 
                        providing health care services in 
                        Alaska, Hawaii, and the territories and 
                        possessions of the United States, and 
                        in rural, remote, or isolated locations 
                        in the contiguous 48 States;
                            (ii) The various challenges 
                        inherent in developing robust networks 
                        of health care providers in those 
                        locations.
                            (iii) A provider reimbursement rate 
                        structure in those locations that 
                        ensures--
                                    (I) timely access of 
                                covered beneficiaries to health 
                                care services;
                                    (II) the delivery of high-
                                quality primary and specialty 
                                care;
                                    (III) improvement in health 
                                outcomes for covered 
                                beneficiaries; and
                                    (IV) an enhanced experience 
                                of care for covered 
                                beneficiaries.
    (f) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) The terms ``covered beneficiary'' and ``TRICARE 
        program'' have the meaning given those terms in section 
        1072 of title 10, United States Code.
            (2) The term ``high-performing networks of health 
        care providers'' means networks of health care 
        providers that, in addition to such other requirements 
        as the Secretary of Defense may specify for purposes of 
        this section, do the following:
                    (A) Deliver high quality health care as 
                measured by leading health quality measurement 
                organizations such as the National Committee 
                for Quality Assurance and the Agency for 
                Healthcare Research and Quality.
                    (B) Achieve greater efficiency in the 
                delivery of health care by identifying and 
                implementing within such network improvement 
                opportunities that guide patients through the 
                entire continuum of care, thereby reducing 
                variations in the delivery of health care and 
                preventing medical errors and duplication of 
                medical services.
                    (C) Improve population-based health 
                outcomes by using a team approach to deliver 
                case management, prevention, and wellness 
                services to high-need and high-cost patients.
                    (D) Focus on preventive care that 
                emphasizes--
                            (i) early detection and timely 
                        treatment of disease;
                            (ii) periodic health screenings; 
                        and
                            (iii) education regarding healthy 
                        lifestyle behaviors.
                    (E) Coordinate and integrate health care 
                across the continuum of care, connecting all 
                aspects of the health care received by the 
                patient, including the patient's health care 
                team.
                    (F) Facilitate access to health care 
                providers, including--
                            (i) after-hours care;
                            (ii) urgent care; and
                            (iii) through telehealth 
                        appointments, when appropriate.
                    (G) Encourage patients to participate in 
                making health care decisions.
                    (H) Use evidence-based treatment protocols 
                that improve the consistency of health care and 
                eliminate ineffective, wasteful health care 
                practices.

SEC. 706. ESTABLISHMENT OF HIGH PERFORMANCE MILITARY-CIVILIAN 
                    INTEGRATED HEALTH DELIVERY SYSTEMS.

    (a) In General.--Not later than January 1, 2018, the 
Secretary of Defense shall establish military-civilian 
integrated health delivery systems through partnerships with 
other health systems, including local or regional health 
systems in the private sector--
            (1) to improve access to health care for covered 
        beneficiaries;
            (2) to enhance the experience of covered 
        beneficiaries in receiving health care;
            (3) to improve health outcomes for covered 
        beneficiaries;
            (4) to share resources between the Department of 
        Defense and the private sector, including such staff, 
        equipment, and training assets as may be required to 
        carry out such integrated health delivery systems;
            (5) to maintain services within military treatment 
        facilities that are essential for the maintenance of 
        operational medical force readiness skills of health 
        care providers of the Department; and
            (6) to provide members of the Armed Forces with 
        additional training opportunities to maintain such 
        readiness skills.
    (b) Elements of Systems.--Each military-civilian integrated 
health delivery system established under subsection (a) shall--
            (1) deliver high quality health care as measured by 
        leading national health quality measurement 
        organizations;
            (2) achieve greater efficiency in the delivery of 
        health care by identifying and implementing within each 
        such system improvement opportunities that guide 
        patients through the entire continuum of care, thereby 
        reducing variations in the delivery of health care and 
        preventing medical errors and duplication of medical 
        services;
            (3) improve population-based health outcomes by 
        using a team approach to deliver case management, 
        prevention, and wellness services to high-need and 
        high-cost patients;
            (4) focus on preventive care that emphasizes--
                    (A) early detection and timely treatment of 
                disease;
                    (B) periodic health screenings; and
                    (C) education regarding healthy lifestyle 
                behaviors;
            (5) coordinate and integrate health care across the 
        continuum of care, connecting all aspects of the health 
        care received by the patient, including the patient's 
        health care team;
            (6) facilitate access to health care providers, 
        including--
                    (A) after-hours care;
                    (B) urgent care; and
                    (C) through telehealth appointments, when 
                appropriate;
            (7) encourage patients to participate in making 
        health care decisions;
            (8) use evidence-based treatment protocols that 
        improve the consistency of health care and eliminate 
        ineffective, wasteful health care practices; and
            (9) improve coordination of behavioral health 
        services with primary health care.
    (c) Agreements.--
            (1) In general.--In establishing military-civilian 
        integrated health delivery systems through partnerships 
        under subsection (a), the Secretary shall seek to enter 
        into memoranda of understanding or contracts between 
        military treatment facilities and health maintenance 
        organizations, health care centers of excellence, 
        public or private academic medical institutions, 
        regional health organizations, integrated health 
        systems, accountable care organizations, and such other 
        health systems as the Secretary considers appropriate.
            (2) Private sector care.--Memoranda of 
        understanding and contracts entered into under 
        paragraph (1) shall ensure that covered beneficiaries 
        are eligible to enroll in and receive medical services 
        under the private sector components of military-
        civilian integrated health delivery systems established 
        under subsection (a).
            (3) Value-based reimbursement methodologies.--The 
        Secretary shall incorporate value-based reimbursement 
        methodologies, such as capitated payments, bundled 
        payments, or pay for performance, into memoranda of 
        understanding and contracts entered into under 
        paragraph (1) to reimburse entities for medical 
        services provided to covered beneficiaries under such 
        memoranda of understanding and contracts.
            (4) Quality of care.--Each memorandum of 
        understanding or contract entered into under paragraph 
        (1) shall ensure that the quality of services received 
        by covered beneficiaries through a military-civilian 
        integrated health delivery system under such memorandum 
        of understanding or contract is at least comparable to 
        the quality of services received by covered 
        beneficiaries from a military treatment facility.
    (d) Covered Beneficiary Defined.--In this section, the term 
``covered beneficiary'' has the meaning given that term in 
section 1072 of title 10, United States Code.

SEC. 707. JOINT TRAUMA SYSTEM.

    (a) Plan.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than 180 days after the 
        date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of 
        Defense shall submit to the Committees on Armed 
        Services of the House of Representatives and the Senate 
        an implementation plan to establish a Joint Trauma 
        System within the Defense Health Agency that promotes 
        improved trauma care to members of the Armed Forces and 
        other individuals who are eligible to be treated for 
        trauma at a military medical treatment facility.
            (2) Implementation.--The Secretary shall implement 
        the plan under paragraph (1) after a 90-day period has 
        elapsed following the date on which the Comptroller 
        General of the United States is required to submit to 
        the Committees on Armed Services of the House of 
        Representatives and the Senate the review under 
        subsection (c). In implementing such plan, the 
        Secretary shall take into account any recommendation 
        made by the Comptroller General under such review.
    (b) Elements.--The Joint Trauma System described in 
subsection (a)(1) shall include the following elements:
            (1) Serve as the reference body for all trauma care 
        provided across the military health system.
            (2) Establish standards of care for trauma services 
        provided at military medical treatment facilities.
            (3) Coordinate the translation of research from the 
        centers of excellence of the Department of Defense into 
        standards of clinical trauma care.
            (4) Coordinate the incorporation of lessons learned 
        from the trauma education and training partnerships 
        pursuant to section 709 into clinical practice.
    (c) Review.--Not later than 180 days after the date on 
which the Secretary submits to the Committees on Armed Services 
of the House of Representatives and the Senate the 
implementation plan under subsection (a)(1), the Comptroller 
General of the United States shall submit to such committees a 
review of such plan to determine if each element under 
subsection (b) is included in such plan.
    (d) Review of Military Trauma System.--In establishing a 
Joint Trauma System, the Secretary of Defense may seek to enter 
into an agreement with a non-governmental entity with subject 
matter experts to--
            (1) conduct a system-wide review of the military 
        trauma system, including a comprehensive review of 
        combat casualty care and wartime trauma systems during 
        the period beginning on January 1, 2001, and ending on 
        the date of the review, including an assessment of 
        lessons learned to improve combat casualty care in 
        future conflicts; and
            (2) make publicly available a report containing 
        such review and recommendations to establish a 
        comprehensive trauma system for the Armed Forces.

SEC. 708. JOINT TRAUMA EDUCATION AND TRAINING DIRECTORATE.

    (a) Establishment.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
establish a Joint Trauma Education and Training Directorate (in 
this section referred to as the ``Directorate'') to ensure that 
the traumatologists of the Armed Forces maintain readiness and 
are able to be rapidly deployed for future armed conflicts. The 
Secretary shall carry out this section in collaboration with 
the Secretaries of the military departments.
    (b) Duties.--The duties of the Directorate are as follows:
            (1) To enter into and coordinate the partnerships 
        under subsection (c).
            (2) To establish the goals of such partnerships 
        necessary for trauma teams led by traumatologists to 
        maintain professional competency in trauma care.
            (3) To establish metrics for measuring the 
        performance of such partnerships in achieving such 
        goals.
            (4) To develop methods of data collection and 
        analysis for carrying out paragraph (3).
            (5) To communicate and coordinate lessons learned 
        from such partnerships with the Joint Trauma System 
        established under section 707.
            (6) To develop standardized combat casualty care 
        instruction for all members of the Armed Forces, 
        including the use of standardized trauma training 
        platforms.
            (7) To develop a comprehensive trauma care registry 
        to compile relevant data from point of injury through 
        rehabilitation of members of the Armed Forces.
            (8) To develop quality of care outcome measures for 
        combat casualty care.
            (9) To direct the conduct of research on the 
        leading causes of morbidity and mortality of members of 
        the Armed Forces in combat.
    (c) Partnerships.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary may enter into 
        partnerships with civilian academic medical centers and 
        large metropolitan teaching hospitals that have level I 
        civilian trauma centers to provide integrated combat 
        trauma teams, including forward surgical teams, with 
        maximum exposure to a high volume of patients with 
        critical injuries.
            (2) Trauma teams.--Under the partnerships entered 
        into with civilian academic medical centers and large 
        metropolitan teaching hospitals under paragraph (1), 
        trauma teams of the Armed Forces led by traumatologists 
        of the Armed Forces shall embed within the trauma 
        centers of the medical centers and hospitals on an 
        enduring basis.
            (3) Selection.--The Secretary shall select civilian 
        academic medical centers and large metropolitan 
        teaching hospitals to enter into partnerships under 
        paragraph (1) based on patient volume, acuity, and 
        other factors the Secretary determines necessary to 
        ensure that the traumatologists of the Armed Forces and 
        the associated clinical support teams have adequate and 
        continuous exposure to critically injured patients.
            (4) Consideration.--In entering into partnerships 
        under paragraph (1), the Secretary may consider the 
        experiences and lessons learned by the military 
        departments that have entered into memoranda of 
        understanding with civilian medical centers for trauma 
        care.
    (d) Personnel Management Plan.--
            (1) Plan.--The Secretary shall establish a 
        personnel management plan for the following wartime 
        medical specialties:
                    (A) Emergency medical services and 
                prehospital care.
                    (B) Trauma surgery.
                    (C) Critical care.
                    (D) Anesthesiology.
                    (E) Emergency medicine.
                    (F) Other wartime medical specialties the 
                Secretary determines appropriate for purposes 
                of the plan.
            (2) Elements.--The elements of the plan established 
        under paragraph (1) shall include, at a minimum, the 
        following:
                    (A) An accession plan for the number of 
                qualified medical personnel to maintain wartime 
                medical specialties on an annual basis in order 
                to maintain the required number of trauma teams 
                as determined by the Secretary.
                    (B) The number of positions required in 
                each such medical specialty.
                    (C) Crucial organizational and operational 
                assignments for personnel in each such medical 
                specialty.
                    (D) Career pathways for personnel in each 
                such medical specialty.
            (3) Implementation.--The Secretaries of the 
        military departments shall carry out the plan 
        established under paragraph (1).
    (e) Implementation Plan.--Not later than July 1, 2017, the 
Secretary of Defense shall submit to the Committees on Armed 
Services of the House of Representatives and the Senate an 
implementation plan for establishing the Joint Trauma Education 
and Training Directorate under subsection (a), entering into 
partnerships under subsection (c), and establishing the plan 
under subsection (d).
    (f) Level I Civilian Trauma Center Defined.--In this 
section, the term ``level I civilian trauma center'' means a 
comprehensive regional resource that is a tertiary care 
facility central to the trauma system and is capable of 
providing total care for every aspect of injury from prevention 
through rehabilitation.

SEC. 709. STANDARDIZED SYSTEM FOR SCHEDULING MEDICAL APPOINTMENTS AT 
                    MILITARY TREATMENT FACILITIES.

    (a) Standardized System.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than January 1, 2018, 
        the Secretary of Defense shall implement a system for 
        scheduling medical appointments at military treatment 
        facilities that is standardized throughout the military 
        health system to enable timely access to care for 
        covered beneficiaries.
            (2) Lack of variance.--The system implemented under 
        paragraph (1) shall ensure that the appointment 
        scheduling processes and procedures used within the 
        military health system do not vary among military 
        treatment facilities.
    (b) Sole System.--Upon implementation of the system under 
subsection (a), no military treatment facility may use an 
appointment scheduling process other than such system.
    (c) Scheduling of Appointments.--
            (1) In general.--Under the system implemented under 
        subsection (a), each military treatment facility shall 
        use a centralized appointment scheduling capability for 
        covered beneficiaries that includes the ability to 
        schedule appointments manually via telephone as 
        described in paragraph (2) or automatically via a 
        device that is connected to the Internet through an 
        online scheduling system described in paragraph (3).
            (2) Telephone appointment process.--
                    (A) In general.--In the case of a covered 
                beneficiary who contacts a military treatment 
                facility via telephone to schedule an 
                appointment under the system implemented under 
                subsection (a), the Secretary shall implement 
                standard processes to ensure that the needs of 
                the covered beneficiary are met during the 
                first such telephone call.
                    (B) Matters included.--The standard 
                processes implemented under subparagraph (A) 
                shall include the following:
                            (i) The ability of a covered 
                        beneficiary, during the telephone call 
                        to schedule an appointment, to also 
                        schedule wellness visits or follow-up 
                        appointments during the 180-day period 
                        beginning on the date of the request 
                        for the visit or appointment.
                            (ii) The ability of a covered 
                        beneficiary to indicate the process 
                        through which the covered beneficiary 
                        prefers to be reminded of future 
                        appointments, which may include 
                        reminder telephone calls, emails, or 
                        cellular text messages to the covered 
                        beneficiary at specified intervals 
                        prior to appointments.
            (3) Online system.--
                    (A) In general.--The Secretary shall 
                implement an online scheduling system that is 
                available 24 hours per day, seven days per 
                week, for purposes of scheduling appointments 
                under the system implemented under subsection 
                (a).
                    (B) Capabilities of online system.--The 
                online scheduling system implemented under 
                subparagraph (A) shall have the following 
                capabilities:
                            (i) An ability to send automated 
                        email and text message reminders, 
                        including repeat reminders, to patients 
                        regarding upcoming appointments.
                            (ii) An ability to store 
                        appointment records to ensure rapid 
                        access by medical personnel to 
                        appointment data.
    (d) Standards for Productivity of Health Care Providers.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary shall implement 
        standards for the productivity of health care providers 
        at military treatment facilities.
            (2) Matters considered.--In developing standards 
        under paragraph (1), the Secretary shall consider--
                    (A) civilian benchmarks for measuring the 
                productivity of health care providers;
                    (B) the optimal number of medical 
                appointments for each health care provider that 
                would be required, as determined by the 
                Secretary, to maintain access of covered 
                beneficiaries to health care from the 
                Department; and
                    (C) the readiness requirements of the Armed 
                Forces.
    (e) Plan.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than January 1, 2017, 
        the Secretary shall submit to the Committees on Armed 
        Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives 
        a comprehensive plan to implement the system required 
        under subsection (a).
            (2) Elements.--The plan required under paragraph 
        (1) shall include the following:
                    (A) A description of the manual appointment 
                process to be used at military treatment 
                facilities under the system required under 
                subsection (a).
                    (B) A description of the automated 
                appointment process to be used at military 
                treatment facilities under such system.
                    (C) A timeline for the full implementation 
                of such system throughout the military health 
                system.
    (f) Briefing.--Not later than February 1, 2018, the 
Secretary shall brief the Committees on Armed Services of the 
Senate and the House of Representatives on the implementation 
of the system required under subsection (a) and the standards 
for the productivity of health care providers required under 
subsection (d).
    (g) Report on Missed Appointments.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than March 1 each year, 
        the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the Committees 
        on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
        Representatives a report on the total number of medical 
        appointments at military treatment facilities for which 
        a covered beneficiary failed to appear without prior 
        notification during the one-year period preceding the 
        submittal of the report.
            (2) Elements.--Each report under paragraph (1) 
        shall include for each military treatment facility the 
        following:
                    (A) An identification of the top five 
                reasons for a covered beneficiary missing an 
                appointment.
                    (B) A comparison of the number of missed 
                appointments for specialty care versus primary 
                care.
                    (C) An estimate of the cost to the 
                Department of Defense of missed appointments.
                    (D) An assessment of strategies to reduce 
                the number of missed appointments.
    (h) Covered Beneficiary Defined.--In this section, the term 
``covered beneficiary'' has the meaning given that term in 
section 1072 of title 10, United States Code.

                 Subtitle B--Other Health Care Benefits

SEC. 711. EXTENDED TRICARE PROGRAM COVERAGE FOR CERTAIN MEMBERS OF THE 
                    NATIONAL GUARD AND DEPENDENTS DURING CERTAIN 
                    DISASTER RESPONSE DUTY.

    (a) In General.--Chapter 55 of title 10, United States 
Code, is amended by inserting after section 1076e the following 
new section:

``Sec. 1076f. TRICARE program: extension of coverage for certain 
                    members of the National Guard and dependents during 
                    certain disaster response duty

    ``(a) Extended Coverage.--During a period in which a member 
of the National Guard is performing disaster response duty, the 
member may be treated as being on active duty for a period of 
more than 30 days for purposes of the eligibility of the member 
and dependents of the member for health care benefits under the 
TRICARE program if such period immediately follows a period in 
which the member served on full-time National Guard duty under 
section 502(f) of title 32, including pursuant to chapter 9 of 
such title, unless the Governor of the State (or, with respect 
to the District of Columbia, the mayor of the District of 
Columbia) determines that such extended eligibility is not in 
the best interest of the member or the State.
    ``(b) Contribution by State.--(1) The Secretary shall 
charge a State for the costs of providing coverage under the 
TRICARE program to members of the National Guard of the State 
and the dependents of the members pursuant to subsection (a). 
Such charges shall be paid from the funds of the State or from 
any other non-Federal funds.
    ``(2) Any amounts received by the Secretary under paragraph 
(1) shall be credited to the appropriation available for the 
Defense Health Program Account under section 1100 of this 
title, shall be merged with sums in such Account that are 
available for the fiscal year in which collected, and shall be 
available under subsection (b) of such section, including to 
carry out subsection (a) of this section.
    ``(c) Definitions.--In this section:
            ``(1) The term `disaster response duty' means duty 
        performed by a member of the National Guard in State 
        status pursuant to an emergency declaration by the 
        Governor of the State (or, with respect to the District 
        of Columbia, the mayor of the District of Columbia) in 
        response to a disaster or in preparation for an 
        imminent disaster.
            ``(2) The term `State' means each of the several 
        States, the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of 
        Puerto Rico, and any territory or possession of the 
        United States.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the 
beginning of such chapter is amended by inserting after the 
item relating to section 1076e the following new item:

``1076f. TRICARE program: extension of coverage for certain members of 
          the National Guard and dependents during certain disaster 
          response duty.''.

SEC. 712. CONTINUITY OF HEALTH CARE COVERAGE FOR RESERVE COMPONENTS.

    (a) Study.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
        conduct a study of options for providing health care 
        coverage that improves the continuity of health care 
        provided to current and former members of the Selected 
        Reserve of the Ready Reserve who are not--
                    (A) serving on active duty;
                    (B) eligible for the Transitional 
                Assistance Management Program under section 
                1145 of title 10, United States Code; or
                    (C) eligible for the Federal Employees 
                Health Benefit Program.
            (2) Elements.--The study under paragraph (1) shall 
        address the following:
                    (A) Whether to allow current and former 
                members of the Selected Reserve to participate 
                in the Federal Employees Health Benefit 
                Program.
                    (B) Whether to pay a stipend to current and 
                former members to continue coverage in a health 
                plan obtained by the member.
                    (C) Whether to allow current and former 
                members to participate in the TRICARE program 
                under section 1076d of title 10, United States 
                Code.
                    (D) Whether to amend section 1076f of title 
                10, United States Code, as added by section 
                711, to require the extension of TRICARE 
                program coverage for members of the National 
                Guard assigned to Homeland Response Force Units 
                mobilized for a State emergency pursuant to 
                chapter 9 of title 32, United States Code.
                     (E) The findings and recommendations under 
                section 748.
                    (F) Any other options for providing health 
                care coverage to current and former members of 
                the Selected Reserve the Secretary considers 
                appropriate.
            (3) Consultation.--In carrying out the study under 
        paragraph (1), the Secretary shall consult with, and 
        obtain the opinions of, current and former members of 
        the Selected Reserve, including the leadership of the 
        Selected Reserve.
            (4) Submission.--
                    (A) Report.--Not later than 180 days after 
                the date of the enactment of this Act, the 
                Secretary shall submit to the congressional 
                defense committees a report on the study under 
                paragraph (1).
                    (B) Matters included.--The report under 
                subparagraph (A) shall include the following:
                            (i) A description of the health 
                        care coverage options addressed by the 
                        Secretary under paragraph (2).
                            (ii) Identification of such health 
                        care coverage option that the Secretary 
                        recommends as the best option.
                            (iii) The justifications for such 
                        recommended best option.
                            (iv) The number and proportion of 
                        the current and former members of the 
                        Selected Reserve projected to 
                        participate in such recommended best 
                        option.
                            (v) A determination of the 
                        appropriate cost sharing for such 
                        recommended best option with respect to 
                        the percentage contribution as a 
                        monthly premium for current members of 
                        the Selected Reserve.
                            (vi) An estimate of the cost of 
                        implementing such recommended best 
                        option.
                            (vii) Any legislative language 
                        required to implement such recommended 
                        best option.
    (b) Pilot Program.--
            (1) Authorization.--The Secretary of Defense and 
        the Director may jointly carry out a pilot program, at 
        the election of the Secretary, under which the Director 
        provides commercial health insurance coverage to 
        eligible reserve component members who enroll in a 
        health benefits plan under paragraph (4) as an 
        individual, for self plus one coverage, or for self and 
        family coverage.
            (2) Elements.--The pilot program shall--
                    (A) provide for enrollment by eligible 
                reserve component members, at the election of 
                the member, in a health benefits plan under 
                paragraph (4) during an open enrollment period 
                established by the Director for purposes of 
                this subsection;
                    (B) include a variety of national and 
                regional health benefits plans that--
                            (i) meet the requirements of this 
                        subsection;
                            (ii) are broadly representative of 
                        the health benefits plans available in 
                        the commercial market; and
                            (iii) do not contain unnecessary 
                        restrictions, as determined by the 
                        Director; and
                    (C) offer a sufficient number of health 
                benefits plans in order to provide eligible 
                reserve component beneficiaries with an ample 
                choice of health benefits plans, as determined 
                by the Director.
            (3) Duration.--If the Secretary elects to carry out 
        the pilot program, the Secretary and the Director shall 
        carry out the pilot program for not less than five 
        years.
            (4) Health benefits plans.--
                    (A) In general.--In providing health 
                insurance coverage under the pilot program, the 
                Director shall contract with qualified carriers 
                for a variety of health benefits plans.
                    (B) Description of plans.--Health benefits 
                plans contracted for under this subsection--
                            (i) may vary by type of plan 
                        design, covered benefits, geography, 
                        and price;
                            (ii) shall include maximum 
                        limitations on out-of-pocket expenses 
                        paid by an eligible reserve component 
                        beneficiary for the health care 
                        provided; and
                            (iii) may not exclude an eligible 
                        reserve component member who chooses to 
                        enroll.
                    (C) Quality of plans.--The Director shall 
                ensure that each health benefits plan offered 
                under this subsection offers a high degree of 
                quality, as determined by criteria that 
                include--
                            (i) access to an ample number of 
                        medical providers, as determined by the 
                        Director;
                            (ii) adherence to industry-accepted 
                        quality measurements, as determined by 
                        the Director;
                            (iii) access to benefits described 
                        in paragraph (5), including ease of 
                        referral for health care services; and
                            (iv) inclusion in the services 
                        covered by the plan of advancements in 
                        medical treatments and technology as 
                        soon as practicable in accordance with 
                        generally accepted standards of 
                        medicine.
            (5) Benefits.--A health benefits plan offered by 
        the Director under this subsection shall include, at a 
        minimum, the following benefits:
                    (A) The health care benefits provided under 
                chapter 55 of title 10, United States Code, 
                excluding pharmaceutical, dental, and extended 
                health care option benefits.
                    (B) Such other benefits as the Director 
                determines appropriate.
            (6) Care at facilities of uniformed services.--
                    (A) In general.--If an eligible reserve 
                component beneficiary receives benefits 
                described in paragraph (5) at a facility of the 
                uniformed services, the health benefits plan 
                under which the beneficiary is covered shall be 
                treated as a third-party payer under section 
                1095 of title 10, United States Code, and shall 
                pay charges for such benefits as determined by 
                the Secretary.
                    (B) Military medical treatment 
                facilities.--The Secretary, in consultation 
                with the Director--
                            (i) may contract with qualified 
                        carriers with which the Director has 
                        contracted under paragraph (4) to 
                        provide health insurance coverage for 
                        health care services provided at 
                        military treatment facilities under 
                        this subsection; and
                            (ii) may receive payments under 
                        section 1095 of title 10, United States 
                        Code, from qualified carriers for 
                        health care services provided at 
                        military medical treatment facilities 
                        under this subsection.
            (7) Special rule relating to active duty period.--
                    (A) In general.--An eligible reserve 
                component member may not receive benefits under 
                a health benefits plan under this subsection 
                during any period in which the member is 
                serving on active duty for more than 30 days.
                    (B) Treatment of dependents.--Subparagraph 
                (A) does not affect the coverage under a health 
                benefits plan of any dependent of an eligible 
                reserve component member.
            (8) Eligibility for federal employees health 
        benefits program.--An individual is not eligible to 
        enroll in or be covered under a health benefits plan 
        under this subsection if the individual is eligible to 
        enroll in a health benefits plan under the Federal 
        Employees Health Benefits Program.
            (9) Cost sharing.--
                    (A) Responsibility for payment.--
                            (i) In general.--Except as provided 
                        in clause (ii), an eligible reserve 
                        component member shall pay an annual 
                        premium amount calculated under 
                        subparagraph (B) for coverage under a 
                        health benefits plan under this 
                        subsection and additional amounts 
                        described in subparagraph (C) for 
                        health care services in connection with 
                        such coverage.
                            (ii) Active duty period.--
                                    (I) In general.--During any 
                                period in which an eligible 
                                reserve component member is 
                                serving on active duty for more 
                                than 30 days, the eligible 
                                reserve component member is not 
                                responsible for paying any 
                                premium amount under 
                                subparagraph (B) or additional 
                                amounts under subparagraph (C).
                                    (II) Coverage of 
                                dependents.--With respect to a 
                                dependent of an eligible 
                                reserve component member that 
                                is covered under a health 
                                benefits plan under this 
                                subsection, during any period 
                                described in subclause (I) with 
                                respect to the member, the 
                                Secretary shall, on behalf of 
                                the dependent, pay 100 percent 
                                of the total annual amount of a 
                                premium for coverage of the 
                                dependent under the plan and 
                                such cost-sharing amounts as 
                                may be applicable under the 
                                plan.
                    (B) Premium amount.--
                            (i) In general.--The annual premium 
                        calculated under this subparagraph is 
                        an amount equal to 28 percent of the 
                        total annual amount of a premium under 
                        the health benefits plan selected.
                            (ii) Types of coverage.--The 
                        premium amounts calculated under this 
                        subparagraph shall include separate 
                        calculations for--
                                    (I) coverage as an 
                                individual;
                                    (II) self plus one 
                                coverage; and
                                    (III) self and family 
                                coverage.
                    (C) Additional amounts.--The additional 
                amounts described in this subparagraph with 
                respect to an eligible reserve component member 
                are such cost-sharing amounts as may be 
                applicable under the health benefits plan under 
                which the member is covered.
            (10) Contracting.--
                    (A) In general.--In contracting for health 
                benefits plans under paragraph (4), the 
                Director may contract with qualified carriers 
                in a manner similar to the manner in which the 
                Director contracts with carriers under section 
                8902 of title 5, United States Code, including 
                that--
                            (i) a contract under this 
                        subsection shall be for a uniform term 
                        of not less than one year, but may be 
                        made automatically renewable from term 
                        to term in the absence of notice of 
                        termination by either party;
                            (ii) a contract under this 
                        subsection shall contain a detailed 
                        statement of benefits offered and shall 
                        include such maximums, limitations, 
                        exclusions, and other definitions of 
                        benefits determined by the Director in 
                        accordance with paragraph (5);
                            (iii) a contract under this 
                        subsection shall ensure that an 
                        eligible reserve component member who 
                        is eligible to enroll in a health 
                        benefits plan pursuant to such contract 
                        is able to enroll in such plan; and
                            (iv) the terms of a contract under 
                        this subsection relating to the nature, 
                        provision, or extent of coverage or 
                        benefits (including payments with 
                        respect to benefits) shall supersede 
                        and preempt any conflicting State or 
                        local law.
                    (B) Evaluation of financial solvency.--The 
                Director shall perform a thorough evaluation of 
                the financial solvency of an insurance carrier 
                before entering into a contract with the 
                insurance carrier under subparagraph (A).
            (11) Recommendations and data.--
                    (A) In general.--The Secretary of Defense, 
                in consultation with the Secretary of Homeland 
                Security, shall provide recommendations and 
                data to the Director with respect to--
                            (i) matters involving military 
                        medical treatment facilities;
                            (ii) matters unique to eligible 
                        reserve component members and 
                        dependents of such members; and
                            (iii) such other strategic guidance 
                        necessary for the Director to 
                        administer this subsection as the 
                        Secretary of Defense, in consultation 
                        with the Secretary of Homeland 
                        Security, considers appropriate.
                    (B) Limitation on implementation.--The 
                Director shall not implement any recommendation 
                provided by the Secretary of Defense under 
                subparagraph (A) if the Director determines 
                that the implementation of the recommendation 
                would result in eligible reserve components 
                beneficiaries receiving less generous health 
                benefits under this subsection than the health 
                benefits commonly available to individuals 
                under the Federal Employees Health Benefits 
                Program during the same period.
            (12) Transmission of information.--On an annual 
        basis during each year in which the pilot program is 
        carried out, the Director shall provide the Secretary 
        with information on the use of health care benefits 
        under the pilot program, including--
                    (A) the number of eligible reserve 
                component beneficiaries participating in the 
                pilot program, listed by the health benefits 
                plan under which the beneficiary is covered;
                    (B) the number of health benefits plans 
                offered under the pilot program and a 
                description of each such plan; and
                    (C) the costs of the health care provided 
                under the plans.
            (13) Funding.--
                    (A) In general.--The Secretary of Defense 
                and the Director shall jointly establish an 
                appropriate mechanism to fund the pilot 
                program.
                    (B) Availability of amounts.--Amounts shall 
                be made available to the Director pursuant to 
                the mechanism established under subparagraph 
                (A), without fiscal year limitation--
                            (i) for payments to health benefits 
                        plans under this subsection; and
                            (ii) to pay the costs of 
                        administering this subsection.
            (14) Reports.--
                    (A) Initial reports.--Not later than one 
                year after the date on which the Secretary 
                establishes the pilot program, and annually 
                thereafter for the following three years, the 
                Secretary shall submit to the Committees on 
                Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
                Representatives a report on the pilot program.
                    (B) Matters included.--The report under 
                subparagraph (A) shall include, with respect to 
                the year covered by the report, the following:
                            (i) The number of eligible reserve 
                        component beneficiaries participating 
                        in the pilot program, listed by the 
                        health benefits plan under which the 
                        beneficiary is covered.
                            (ii) The number of health benefits 
                        plans offered under the pilot program.
                            (iii) The cost of the pilot program 
                        to the Department of Defense.
                            (iv) The estimated cost savings, if 
                        any, to the Department of Defense.
                            (v) The average cost to the 
                        eligible reserve component beneficiary.
                            (vi) The effect of the pilot 
                        program on the medical readiness of the 
                        members of the reserve components.
                            (vii) The effect of the pilot 
                        program on access to health care for 
                        members of the reserve components.
                    (C) Final report.--Not later than 180 days 
                before the date on which the pilot program will 
                terminate pursuant to paragraph (3), the 
                Secretary shall submit to the Committees on 
                Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
                Representatives a report on the pilot program 
                that includes--
                            (i) the matters specified under 
                        subparagraph (B); and
                            (ii) the recommendation of the 
                        Secretary regarding whether to make the 
                        pilot program permanent or to terminate 
                        the pilot program.
    (c) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) The term ``Director'' means the Director of the 
        Office of Personnel Management.
            (2) The term ``eligible reserve component 
        beneficiary'' means an eligible reserve component 
        member enrolled in, or a dependent of such a member 
        described in subparagraph (A), (D), or (I) of section 
        1072(2) of title 10, United States Code, covered under, 
        a health benefits plan under subsection (b).
            (3) The term ``eligible reserve component member'' 
        means a member of the Selected Reserve of the Ready 
        Reserve of an Armed Force.
            (4) The term ``extended health care option'' means 
        the program of extended benefits under subsections (d) 
        and (e) of section 1079 of title 10, United States 
        Code.
            (5) The term ``Federal Employees Health Benefits 
        Program'' means the health insurance program under 
        chapter 89 of title 5, United States Code.
            (6) The term ``qualified carrier'' means an 
        insurance carrier that is licensed to issue group 
        health insurance in any State, the District of 
        Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, the 
        Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, Guam, and 
        any territory or possession of the United States.

SEC. 713. PROVISION OF HEARING AIDS TO DEPENDENTS OF RETIRED MEMBERS.

    Section 1077 of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)(16), by striking ``A hearing 
        aid'' and inserting ``Except as provided by subsection 
        (g), a hearing aid''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following new 
        subsection:
    ``(g) In addition to the authority to provide a hearing aid 
under subsection (a)(16), hearing aids may be sold under this 
section to dependents of former members of the uniformed 
services at cost to the United States.''.

SEC. 714. COVERAGE OF MEDICALLY NECESSARY FOOD AND VITAMINS FOR CERTAIN 
                    CONDITIONS UNDER THE TRICARE PROGRAM.

    (a) In General.--Section 1077 of title 10, United States 
Code, as amended by section 713, is further amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)--
                    (A) in paragraph (3), by inserting before 
                the period at the end the following: ``, 
                including, in accordance with subsection (g), 
                medically necessary vitamins''; and
                    (B) by adding at the end the following new 
                paragraph:
            ``(18) In accordance with subsection (g), medically 
        necessary food and the medical equipment and supplies 
        necessary to administer such food (other than durable 
        medical equipment and supplies).''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following new 
        subsection:
    ``(h)(1) Vitamins that may be provided under subsection 
(a)(3) are vitamins used for the management of a covered 
disease or condition pursuant to the prescription, order, or 
recommendation (as applicable) of a physician or other health 
care professional qualified to make such prescription, order, 
or recommendation.
    ``(2) Medically necessary food that may be provided under 
subsection (a)(18)--
            ``(A) is food, including a low protein modified 
        food product or an amino acid preparation product, that 
        is--
                    ``(i) furnished pursuant to the 
                prescription, order, or recommendation (as 
                applicable) of a physician or other health care 
                professional qualified to make such 
                prescription, order, or recommendation, for the 
                dietary management of a covered disease or 
                condition;
                    ``(ii) a specially formulated and processed 
                product (as opposed to a naturally occurring 
                foodstuff used in its natural state) for the 
                partial or exclusive feeding of an individual 
                by means of oral intake or enteral feeding by 
                tube;
                    ``(iii) intended for the dietary management 
                of an individual who, because of therapeutic or 
                chronic medical needs, has limited or impaired 
                capacity to ingest, digest, absorb, or 
                metabolize ordinary foodstuffs or certain 
                nutrients, or who has other special medically 
                determined nutrient requirements, the dietary 
                management of which cannot be achieved by the 
                modification of the normal diet alone;
                    ``(iv) intended to be used under medical 
                supervision, which may include in a home 
                setting; and
                    ``(v) intended only for an individual 
                receiving active and ongoing medical 
                supervision under which the individual requires 
                medical care on a recurring basis for, among 
                other things, instructions on the use of the 
                food; and
            ``(B) may not include--
                    ``(i) food taken as part of an overall diet 
                designed to reduce the risk of a disease or 
                medical condition or as weight-loss products, 
                even if the food is recommended by a physician 
                or other health care professional;
                    ``(ii) food marketed as gluten-free for the 
                management of celiac disease or non-celiac 
                gluten sensitivity;
                    ``(iii) food marketed for the management of 
                diabetes; or
                    ``(iv) such other products as the Secretary 
                determines appropriate.
    ``(3) In this subsection, the term `covered disease or 
condition' means--
            ``(A) inborn errors of metabolism;
            ``(B) medical conditions of malabsorption;
            ``(C) pathologies of the alimentary tract or the 
        gastrointestinal tract;
            ``(D) a neurological or physiological condition; 
        and
            ``(E) such other diseases or conditions the 
        Secretary determines appropriate.''.
    (b) Effective Date.--The amendments made by subsection (a) 
shall apply to health care provided under chapter 55 of such 
title on or after the date that is one year after the date of 
the enactment of this Act.

SEC. 715. ELIGIBILITY OF CERTAIN BENEFICIARIES UNDER THE TRICARE 
                    PROGRAM FOR PARTICIPATION IN THE FEDERAL EMPLOYEES 
                    DENTAL AND VISION INSURANCE PROGRAM.

    (a) In General.--
            (1) Dental benefits.--Section 8951 of title 5, 
        United States Code, is amended--
                    (A) in paragraph (3), by striking 
                ``paragraph (1) or (2)'' and inserting 
                ``paragraph (1), (2), or (8)''; and
                    (B) by adding at the end the following new 
                paragraph:
            ``(8) The term `covered TRICARE-eligible 
        individual' means an individual entitled to dental care 
        under chapter 55 of title 10, pursuant to section 1076c 
        of such title, who the Secretary of Defense determines 
        should be an eligible individual for purposes of this 
        chapter.''.
            (2) Vision benefits.--Section 8981 of title 5, 
        United States Code, is amended--
                    (A) in paragraph (3), by striking 
                ``paragraph (1) or (2)'' and inserting 
                ``paragraph (1), (2), or (8)''; and
                    (B) by adding at the end the following new 
                paragraph:
            ``(8)(A) The term `covered TRICARE-eligible 
        individual'--
                    ``(i) means an individual entitled to 
                medical care under chapter 55 of title 10, 
                pursuant to section 1076d, 1076e, 1079(a), 
                1086(c), or 1086(d) of such title, who the 
                Secretary of Defense determines in accordance 
                with an agreement entered into under 
                subparagraph (B) should be an eligible 
                individual for purposes of this chapter; and
                    ``(ii) does not include an individual 
                covered under section 1110b of title 10.
            ``(B) The Secretary of Defense shall enter into an 
        agreement with the Director of the Office relating to 
        classes of individuals described in subparagraph (A)(i) 
        who should be eligible individuals for purposes of this 
        chapter.''.
    (b) Conforming Amendments.--
            (1) Dental benefits.--Section 8958(c) of title 5, 
        United States Code, is amended--
                    (A) in paragraph (1), by striking ``or'' at 
                the end;
                    (B) in paragraph (2), by striking the 
                period at the end and inserting a semicolon; 
                and
                    (C) by adding at the end the following new 
                paragraphs:
            ``(3) in the case of a covered TRICARE-eligible 
        individual who receives pay from the Federal Government 
        or an annuity from the Federal Government due to the 
        death of a member of the uniformed services (as defined 
        in section 101 of title 10), and is not a former spouse 
        of a member of the uniformed services, be withheld 
        from--
                    ``(A) the pay (including retired pay) of 
                such individual; or
                    ``(B) the annuity paid to such individual; 
                or
            ``(4) in the case of a covered TRICARE-eligible 
        individual who is not described in paragraph (3), be 
        billed to such individual directly.''.
            (2) Vision benefits.--Section 8988(c) of title 5, 
        United States Code, is amended--
                    (A) in paragraph (1), by striking ``or'' at 
                the end;
                    (B) in paragraph (2), by striking the 
                period at the end and inserting a semicolon; 
                and
                    (C) by adding at the end the following new 
                paragraphs:
            ``(3) in the case of a covered TRICARE-eligible 
        individual who receives pay from the Federal Government 
        or an annuity from the Federal Government due to the 
        death of a member of the uniformed services (as defined 
        in section 101 of title 10), and is not a former spouse 
        of a member of the uniformed services, be withheld 
        from--
                    ``(A) the pay (including retired pay) of 
                such individual; or
                    ``(B) the annuity paid to such individual; 
                or
            ``(4) in the case of a covered TRICARE-eligible 
        individual who is not described in paragraph (3), be 
        billed to such individual directly.''.
            (3) Plan for dental insurance for certain retirees, 
        surviving spouses, and other dependents.--Subsection 
        (a) of section 1076c of title 10, United States Code, 
        is amended to read as follows:
    ``(a) Requirement for Plan.--(1) The Secretary of Defense 
shall establish a dental insurance plan for retirees of the 
uniformed services, certain unremarried surviving spouses, and 
dependents in accordance with this section.
    ``(2) The Secretary may satisfy the requirement under 
paragraph (1) by entering into an agreement with the Director 
of the Office of Personnel Management to allow persons 
described in subsection (b) to enroll in an insurance plan 
under chapter 89A of title 5 that provides benefits similar to 
those benefits required to be provided under subsection (d).''.
    (c) Applicability.--The amendments made by this section 
shall apply with respect to the first contract year for chapter 
89A or 89B of title 5, United States Code, as applicable, that 
begins on or after January 1, 2018.

SEC. 716. APPLIED BEHAVIOR ANALYSIS.

    (a) Rates of Reimbursement.--
            (1) In general.--In furnishing applied behavior 
        analysis under the TRICARE program to individuals 
        described in paragraph (2) during the period beginning 
        on the date of the enactment of this Act and ending on 
        December 31, 2018, the Secretary of Defense shall 
        ensure that the reimbursement rates for providers of 
        applied behavior analysis are not less than the rates 
        that were in effect on March 31, 2016.
            (2) Individuals described.--Individuals described 
        in this paragraph are individuals who are covered 
        beneficiaries by reason of being a member or former 
        member of the Army, Navy, Air Force, or Marine Corps, 
        including the reserve components thereof, or a 
        dependent of such a member or former member.
    (b) Analysis.--
            (1) In general.--Upon the completion of the 
        Department of Defense Comprehensive Autism Care 
        Demonstration, the Assistant Secretary of Defense for 
        Health Affairs shall conduct an analysis to--
                    (A) use data gathered during the 
                demonstration to set future reimbursement rates 
                for providers of applied behavior analysis 
                under the TRICARE program;
                    (B) review comparative commercial insurance 
                claims for purposes of setting such future 
                rates, including by--
                            (i) conducting an analysis of the 
                        comparative total of commercial 
                        insurance claims billed for applied 
                        behavior analysis; and
                            (ii) reviewing any covered 
                        beneficiary limitations on access to 
                        applied behavior analysis services at 
                        various military installations 
                        throughout the United States; and
                    (C) determine whether the use of applied 
                behavioral analysis under the demonstration has 
                improved outcomes for covered beneficiaries 
                with autism spectrum disorder.
            (2) Submission.--The Assistant Secretary shall 
        submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the 
        Senate and the House of Representatives the analysis 
        conducted under paragraph (1).
    (c) Definitions.--In this section, the terms ``covered 
beneficiary'' and ``TRICARE program'' have the meaning given 
those terms in section 1072 of title 10, United States Code.

SEC. 717. EVALUATION AND TREATMENT OF VETERANS AND CIVILIANS AT 
                    MILITARY TREATMENT FACILITIES.

    (a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense shall authorize a 
veteran (in consultation with the Secretary of Veterans 
Affairs) or civilian to be evaluated and treated at a military 
treatment facility if the Secretary of Defense determines 
that--
            (1) the evaluation and treatment of the individual 
        is necessary to attain the relevant mix and volume of 
        medical casework required to maintain medical readiness 
        skills and competencies of health care providers at the 
        facility;
            (2) the health care providers at the facility have 
        the competencies, skills, and abilities required to 
        treat the individual; and
            (3) the facility has available space, equipment, 
        and materials to treat the individual.
    (b) Priority of Covered Beneficiaries.--The evaluation and 
treatment of covered beneficiaries at military treatment 
facilities shall be prioritized ahead of the evaluation and 
treatment of veterans and civilians at such facilities under 
subsection (a).
    (c) Reimbursement for Treatment.--
            (1) Civilians.--A military treatment facility that 
        evaluates or treats an individual (other than an 
        individual described in paragraph (2)) under subsection 
        (a) shall bill the individual and accept reimbursement 
        from the individual or a third-party payer (as that 
        term is defined in section 1095(h) of title 10, United 
        States Code) on behalf of such individual for the costs 
        of any health care services provided to the individual 
        under such subsection.
            (2) Veterans.--The Secretary of Defense shall enter 
        into a memorandum of agreement with the Secretary of 
        Veterans Affairs under which the Secretary of Veterans 
        Affairs will pay a military treatment facility using a 
        prospective payment methodology (including interagency 
        transfers of funds or obligational authority and 
        similar transactions) for the costs of any health care 
        services provided at the facility under subsection (a) 
        to individuals eligible for such health care services 
        from the Department of Veterans Affairs.
            (3) Use of amounts.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
        make available to a military treatment facility any 
        amounts collected by such facility under paragraph (1) 
        or (2) for health care services provided to an 
        individual under subsection (a).
    (d) Covered Beneficiary Defined.--In this section, the term 
``covered beneficiary'' has the meaning given that term in 
section 1072 of title 10, United States Code.

SEC. 718. ENHANCEMENT OF USE OF TELEHEALTH SERVICES IN MILITARY HEALTH 
                    SYSTEM.

    (a) Incorporation of Telehealth.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than 18 months after the 
        date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of 
        Defense shall incorporate, throughout the direct care 
        and purchased care components of the military health 
        system, the use of telehealth services, including 
        mobile health applications--
                    (A) to improve access to primary care, 
                urgent care, behavioral health care, and 
                specialty care;
                    (B) to perform health assessments;
                    (C) to provide diagnoses, interventions, 
                and supervision;
                    (D) to monitor individual health outcomes 
                of covered beneficiaries with chronic diseases 
                or conditions;
                    (E) to improve communication between health 
                care providers and patients; and
                    (F) to reduce health care costs for covered 
                beneficiaries and the Department of Defense.
            (2) Types of telehealth services.--The telehealth 
        services required to be incorporated under paragraph 
        (1) shall include those telehealth services that--
                    (A) maximize the use of secure messaging 
                between health care providers and covered 
                beneficiaries to improve the access of covered 
                beneficiaries to health care and reduce the 
                number of visits to medical facilities for 
                health care needs;
                    (B) allow covered beneficiaries to schedule 
                appointments; and
                    (C) allow health care providers, through 
                video conference, telephone or tablet 
                applications, or home health monitoring 
                devices--
                            (i) to assess and evaluate disease 
                        signs and symptoms;
                            (ii) to diagnose diseases;
                            (iii) to supervise treatments; and
                            (iv) to monitor health outcomes.
    (b) Coverage of Items or Services.--An item or service 
furnished to a covered beneficiary via a telecommunications 
system shall be covered under the TRICARE program to the same 
extent as the item or service would be covered if furnished in 
the location of the covered beneficiary.
    (c) Reimbursement Rates for Telehealth Services.--The 
Secretary shall develop standardized payment methods to 
reimburse health care providers for telehealth services 
provided to covered beneficiaries in the purchased care 
component of the TRICARE program, including by using 
reimbursement rates that incentivize the provision of 
telehealth services.
    (d) Reduction or Elimination of Copayments.--The Secretary 
shall reduce or eliminate, as the Secretary considers 
appropriate, copayments or cost shares for covered 
beneficiaries in connection with the receipt of telehealth 
services under the purchased care component of the TRICARE 
program.
    (e) Reports.--
            (1) Initial report.--
                    (A) In general.--Not later than 180 days 
                after the date of the enactment of this Act, 
                the Secretary shall submit to the Committees on 
                Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
                Representatives a report describing the full 
                range of telehealth services to be available in 
                the direct care and purchased care components 
                of the military health system and the 
                copayments and cost shares, if any, associated 
                with those services.
                    (B) Reimbursement plan.--The report 
                required under subparagraph (A) shall include a 
                plan to develop standardized payment methods to 
                reimburse health care providers for telehealth 
                services provided to covered beneficiaries in 
                the purchased care component of the TRICARE 
                program, as required under subsection (c).
            (2) Final report.--
                    (A) In general.--Not later than three years 
                after the date on which the Secretary begins 
                incorporating, throughout the direct care and 
                purchased care components of the military 
                health system, the use of telehealth services 
                as required under subsection (a), the Secretary 
                shall submit to the Committees on Armed 
                Services of the Senate and the House of 
                Representatives a report describing the impact 
                made by the use of telehealth services, 
                including mobile health applications, to carry 
                out the actions specified in subparagraphs (A) 
                through (F) of subsection (a)(1).
                    (B) Elements.--The report required under 
                subparagraph (A) shall include an assessment of 
                the following:
                            (i) The satisfaction of covered 
                        beneficiaries with telehealth services 
                        furnished by the Department of Defense.
                            (ii) The satisfaction of health 
                        care providers in providing telehealth 
                        services furnished by the Department.
                            (iii) The effect of telehealth 
                        services furnished by the Department on 
                        the following:
                                    (I) The ability of covered 
                                beneficiaries to access health 
                                care services in the direct 
                                care and purchased care 
                                components of the military 
                                health system.
                                    (II) The frequency of use 
                                of telehealth services by 
                                covered beneficiaries.
                                    (III) The productivity of 
                                health care providers providing 
                                care furnished by the 
                                Department.
                                    (IV) The reduction, if any, 
                                in the use by covered 
                                beneficiaries of health care 
                                services in military treatment 
                                facilities or medical 
                                facilities in the private 
                                sector.
                                    (V) The number and types of 
                                appointments for the receipt of 
                                telehealth services furnished 
                                by the Department.
                                    (VI) The savings, if any, 
                                realized by the Department by 
                                furnishing telehealth services 
                                to covered beneficiaries.
    (f) Regulations.--
            (1) Interim final rule.--Not later than 180 days 
        after the date of the enactment of this Act, the 
        Secretary shall prescribe an interim final rule to 
        implement this section.
            (2) Final rule.--Not later than 180 days after 
        prescribing the interim final rule under paragraph (1) 
        and considering public comments with respect to such 
        interim final rule, the Secretary shall prescribe a 
        final rule to implement this section.
            (3) Objectives.--The regulations prescribed under 
        paragraphs (1) and (2) shall accomplish the objectives 
        set forth in subsection (a) and ensure quality of care, 
        patient safety, and the integrity of the TRICARE 
        program.
    (g) Definitions.--In this section, the terms ``covered 
beneficiary'' and ``TRICARE program'' have the meaning given 
those terms in section 1072 of title 10, United States Code.

SEC. 719. AUTHORIZATION OF REIMBURSEMENT BY DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE TO 
                    ENTITIES CARRYING OUT STATE VACCINATION PROGRAMS 
                    FOR COSTS OF VACCINES PROVIDED TO COVERED 
                    BENEFICIARIES.

    (a) Reimbursement.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense may 
        reimburse an amount determined under paragraph (2) to 
        an entity carrying out a State vaccination program for 
        the cost of vaccines provided to covered beneficiaries 
        through such program.
            (2) Amount of reimbursement.--
                    (A) In general.--Except as provided in 
                subparagraph (B), the amount determined under 
                this paragraph with respect to a State 
                vaccination program shall be the amount 
                assessed by the entity carrying out such 
                program to purchase vaccines provided to 
                covered beneficiaries through such program.
                    (B) Limitation.--The amount determined 
                under this paragraph to provide vaccines to 
                covered beneficiaries through a State 
                vaccination program may not exceed the amount 
                that the Department would reimburse an entity 
                under the TRICARE program for providing 
                vaccines to the number of covered beneficiaries 
                who were involved in the applicable State 
                vaccination program.
    (b) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) Covered beneficiary; tricare program.--The 
        terms ``covered beneficiary'' and ``TRICARE program'' 
        have the meanings given those terms in section 1072 of 
        title 10, United States Code.
            (2) State vaccination program.--The term ``State 
        vaccination program'' means a vaccination program that 
        provides vaccinations to individuals in a State and is 
        carried out by an entity (including an agency of the 
        State) within the State.

                 Subtitle C--Health Care Administration

SEC. 721. AUTHORITY TO CONVERT MILITARY MEDICAL AND DENTAL POSITIONS TO 
                    CIVILIAN MEDICAL AND DENTAL POSITIONS.

    (a) Limited Authority for Conversion.--
            (1) Authority.--Chapter 49 of title 10, United 
        States Code, is amended by inserting after section 976 
        the following new section:

``Sec. 977. Conversion of military medical and dental positions to 
                    civilian medical and dental positions: limitation

    ``(a) Process.--The Secretary of Defense, in collaboration 
with the Secretaries of the military departments, shall 
establish a process to define the military medical and dental 
personnel requirements necessary to meet operational medical 
force readiness requirements.
    ``(b) Requirements Relating to Conversion.--A military 
medical or dental position within the Department of Defense may 
be converted to a civilian medical or dental position if the 
Secretary determines that the position is not necessary to meet 
operational medical force readiness requirements, as determined 
pursuant to subsection (a).
    ``(c) Grade or Level Converted.--In carrying out a 
conversion under subsection (b), the Secretary of Defense--
            ``(1) shall convert the applicable military 
        position to a civilian position with a level of 
        compensation commensurate with the skills and 
        experience necessary to carry out the duties of such 
        civilian position; and
            ``(2) may not place any limitation on the grade or 
        level to which the military position is so converted.
    ``(d) Definitions.--In this section:
            ``(1) The term `military medical or dental 
        position' means a position for the performance of 
        health care functions within the armed forces held by a 
        member of the armed forces.
            ``(2) The term `civilian medical or dental 
        position' means a position for the performance of 
        health care functions within the Department of Defense 
        held by an employee of the Department or of a 
        contractor of the Department.
            ``(3) The term `conversion', with respect to a 
        military medical or dental position, means a change of 
        the position to a civilian medical or dental position, 
        effective as of the date of the manning authorization 
        document of the military department making the change 
        (through a change in designation from military to 
        civilian in the document, the elimination of the 
        listing of the position as a military position in the 
        document, or through any other means indicating the 
        change in the document or otherwise).''.
            (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at 
        the beginning of chapter 49 of such title is amended by 
        inserting after the item relating to section 976 the 
        following new item:

``977. Conversion of military medical and dental positions to civilian 
          medical and dental positions: limitation.''.
            (3) Effective date of conversion authority.--The 
        Secretary of Defense may not carry out section 977(b) 
        of title 10, United States Code, as added by paragraph 
        (1), until the date that is 180 days after the date on 
        which the Secretary submits the report under subsection 
        (b).
    (b) Report.--Not later than 90 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to 
the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
Representatives a report that includes the following:
            (1) A description of the process established under 
        section 977(a) of title 10, United States Code, as 
        added by subsection (a), to define the military medical 
        and dental personnel requirements necessary to meet 
        operational medical force readiness requirements.
            (2) A complete list, by position, of the military 
        medical and dental personnel requirements necessary to 
        meet operational medical force readiness requirements.
    (c) Conforming Repeal.--Section 721 of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2008 (Public Law 110-181; 122 
Stat. 198; 10 U.S.C. 129c note) is repealed.

SEC. 722. PROSPECTIVE PAYMENT OF FUNDS NECESSARY TO PROVIDE MEDICAL 
                    CARE FOR THE COAST GUARD.

    (a) In General.--Chapter 13 of title 14, United States 
Code, is amended by adding at the end the following:

``Sec. 520. Prospective payment of funds necessary to provide medical 
                    care

    ``(a) Prospective Payment Required.--In lieu of the 
reimbursement required under section 1085 of title 10, the 
Secretary of Homeland Security shall make a prospective payment 
to the Secretary of Defense of an amount that represents the 
actuarial valuation of treatment or care--
            ``(1) that the Department of Defense shall provide 
        to members of the Coast Guard, former members of the 
        Coast Guard, and dependents of such members and former 
        members (other than former members and dependents of 
        former members who are a Medicare-eligible beneficiary 
        or for whom the payment for treatment or care is made 
        from the Medicare-Eligible Retiree Health Care Fund) at 
        facilities under the jurisdiction of the Department of 
        Defense or a military department; and
            ``(2) for which a reimbursement would otherwise be 
        made under section 1085.
    ``(b) Amount.--The amount of the prospective payment under 
subsection (a) shall be--
            ``(1) in the case of treatment or care to be 
        provided to members of the Coast Guard and their 
        dependents, derived from amounts appropriated for the 
        operating expenses of the Coast Guard;
            ``(2) in the case of treatment or care to be 
        provided former members of the Coast Guard and their 
        dependents, derived from amounts appropriated for 
        retired pay;
            ``(3) determined under procedures established by 
        the Secretary of Defense;
            ``(4) paid during the fiscal year in which 
        treatment or care is provided; and
            ``(5) subject to adjustment or reconciliation as 
        the Secretaries determine appropriate during or 
        promptly after such fiscal year in cases in which the 
        prospective payment is determined excessive or 
        insufficient based on the services actually provided.
    ``(c) No Prospective Payment When Service in Navy.--No 
prospective payment shall be made under this section for any 
period during which the Coast Guard operates as a service in 
the Navy.
    ``(d) Relationship to TRICARE.--This section shall not be 
construed to require a payment for, or the prospective payment 
of an amount that represents the value of, treatment or care 
provided under any TRICARE program.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The analysis for chapter 13 of 
title 14, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end 
the following:

``520. Prospective payment of funds necessary to provide medical 
          care.''.
    (c) Repeal.--Section 217 of the Coast Guard Authorization 
Act of 2016 (Public Law 114-120), as amended by section 3503, 
and the item relating to that section in the table of contents 
in section 2 of such Act, are repealed.

SEC. 723. REDUCTION OF ADMINISTRATIVE REQUIREMENTS RELATING TO 
                    AUTOMATIC RENEWAL OF ENROLLMENTS IN TRICARE PRIME.

    Section 1097a(b) of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1), by striking ``(1) An'' and 
        inserting ``An''; and
            (2) by striking paragraph (2).

SEC. 724. MODIFICATION OF AUTHORITY OF UNIFORMED SERVICES UNIVERSITY OF 
                    THE HEALTH SCIENCES TO INCLUDE UNDERGRADUATE AND 
                    OTHER MEDICAL EDUCATION AND TRAINING PROGRAMS.

    (a) In General.--Section 2112(a) of title 10, United States 
Code, is amended to read as follows:
    ``(a)(1) There is established a Uniformed Services 
University of the Health Sciences (in this chapter referred to 
as the `University') with authority to grant appropriate 
certificates, certifications, undergraduate degrees, and 
advanced degrees.
    ``(2) The University shall be so organized as to graduate 
not fewer than 100 medical students annually.
    ``(3) The headquarters of the University shall be at a site 
or sites selected by the Secretary of Defense within 25 miles 
of the District of Columbia.''.
    (b) Administration.--Section 2113 of such title is 
amended--
            (1) in subsection (d)--
                    (A) in the first sentence, by striking 
                ``located in or near the District of 
                Columbia'';
                    (B) in the third sentence, by striking ``in 
                or near the District of Columbia''; and
                    (C) by striking the fifth sentence; and
            (2) in subsection (e)(3), by inserting after 
        ``programs'' the following: ``, including certificate, 
        certification, and undergraduate degree programs,''.
    (c) Repeal of Expired Provision.--Section 2112a of such 
title is amended--
            (1) by striking subsection (b); and
            (2) in subsection (a), by striking ``(a) Closure 
        Prohibited.--''.

SEC. 725. ADJUSTMENT OF MEDICAL SERVICES, PERSONNEL AUTHORIZED 
                    STRENGTHS, AND INFRASTRUCTURE IN MILITARY HEALTH 
                    SYSTEM TO MAINTAIN READINESS AND CORE COMPETENCIES 
                    OF HEALTH CARE PROVIDERS.

    (a) In General.--Except as provided by subsection (c), not 
later than one year after the date of the enactment of this 
Act, the Secretary of Defense shall implement measures to 
maintain the critical wartime medical readiness skills and core 
competencies of health care providers within the Armed Forces.
    (b) Measures.--The measures under subsection (a) shall 
include measures under which the Secretary ensures the 
following:
            (1) Medical services provided through the military 
        health system at military medical treatment 
        facilities--
                    (A) maintain the critical wartime medical 
                readiness skills and core competencies of 
                health care providers within the Armed Forces; 
                and
                    (B) ensure the medical readiness of the 
                Armed Forces.
            (2) The authorized strengths for military and 
        civilian personnel throughout the military health 
        system--
                    (A) maintain the critical wartime medical 
                readiness skills and core competencies of 
                health care providers within the Armed Forces; 
                and
                    (B) ensure the medical readiness of the 
                Armed Forces.
            (3) The infrastructure in the military health 
        system, including infrastructure of military medical 
        treatment facilities--
                    (A) maintains the critical wartime medical 
                readiness skills and core competencies of 
                health care providers within the Armed Forces; 
                and
                    (B) ensures the medical readiness of the 
                Armed Forces.
            (4) Any covered beneficiary who may be affected by 
        the measures implemented under subsection (a) will be 
        able to receive through the purchased care component of 
        the TRICARE program any medical services that will not 
        be available to such covered beneficiary at a military 
        medical treatment facility by reason of such measures.
    (c) Exception.--The Secretary is not required to implement 
measures under subsection (a)(1) with respect to military 
medical treatment facilities located in a foreign country if 
the Secretary determines that providing medical services in 
addition to the medical services described in such subsection 
is necessary to ensure that covered beneficiaries located in 
that foreign country have access to a similar level of care 
available to covered beneficiaries located in the United 
States.
    (d) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) The term ``clinical and logistical 
        capabilities'' means those capabilities relating to the 
        provision of health care that are necessary to 
        accomplish operational requirements, including--
                    (A) combat casualty care;
                    (B) medical response to and treatment of 
                injuries sustained from chemical, biological, 
                radiological, nuclear, or explosive incidents;
                    (C) diagnosis and treatment of infectious 
                diseases;
                    (D) aerospace medicine;
                    (E) undersea medicine;
                    (F) diagnosis, treatment, and 
                rehabilitation of specialized medical 
                conditions;
                    (G) diagnosis and treatment of diseases and 
                injuries that are not related to battle; and
                    (H) humanitarian assistance.
            (2) The terms ``covered beneficiary'' and ``TRICARE 
        program'' have the meanings given those terms in 
        section 1072 of title 10, United States Code.
            (3) The term ``critical wartime medical readiness 
        skills and core competencies'' means those essential 
        medical capabilities, including clinical and logistical 
        capabilities, that are--
                    (A) necessary to be maintained by health 
                care providers within the Armed Forces for 
                national security purposes; and
                    (B) vital to the provision of effective and 
                timely health care during contingency 
                operations.

SEC. 726. PROGRAM TO ELIMINATE VARIABILITY IN HEALTH OUTCOMES AND 
                    IMPROVE QUALITY OF HEALTH CARE SERVICES DELIVERED 
                    IN MILITARY MEDICAL TREATMENT FACILITIES.

    (a) Program.--Beginning not later than January 1, 2018, the 
Secretary of Defense shall implement a program--
            (1) to establish best practices for the delivery of 
        health care services for certain diseases or conditions 
        at military medical treatment facilities, as selected 
        by the Secretary;
            (2) to incorporate such best practices into the 
        daily operations of military medical treatment 
        facilities selected by the Secretary for purposes of 
        the program, with priority in selection given to 
        facilities that provide specialty care; and
            (3) to eliminate variability in health outcomes and 
        to improve the quality of health care services 
        delivered at military medical treatment facilities 
        selected by the Secretary for purposes of the program.
    (b) Use of Clinical Practice Guidelines.--In carrying out 
the program under subsection (a), the Secretary shall develop, 
implement, monitor, and update clinical practice guidelines 
reflecting the best practices established under paragraph (1) 
of such subsection.
    (c) Development.--In developing the clinical practice 
guidelines under subsection (b), the Secretary shall ensure 
that such development includes a baseline assessment of health 
care delivery and outcomes at military medical treatment 
facilities to evaluate and determine evidence-based best 
practices, within the direct care component of the military 
health system and the private sector, for treating the diseases 
or conditions selected by the Secretary under subsection 
(a)(1).
    (d) Implementation.--The Secretary shall implement the 
clinical practice guidelines under subsection (b) in military 
medical treatment facilities selected by the Secretary under 
subsection (a)(2) using means determined appropriate by the 
Secretary, including by communicating with the relevant health 
care providers of the evidence upon which the guidelines are 
based and by providing education and training on the most 
appropriate implementation of the guidelines.
    (e) Monitoring.--The Secretary shall monitor the 
implementation of the clinical practice guidelines under 
subsection (b) using appropriate means, including by monitoring 
the results in clinical outcomes based on specific metrics 
included as part of the guidelines.
    (f) Updating.--The Secretary shall periodically update the 
clinical practice guidelines under subsection (b) based on the 
results of monitoring conducted under subsection (e) and by 
continuously assessing evidence-based best practices within the 
direct care component of the military health system and the 
private sector.
    (g) Continuous Cycle.--The Secretary shall establish a 
continuous cycle of carrying out subsections (c) through (f) 
with respect to the clinical practice guidelines established 
under subsection (a).

SEC. 727. ACQUISITION STRATEGY FOR HEALTH CARE PROFESSIONAL STAFFING 
                    SERVICES.

    (a) Acquisition Strategy.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
        develop and carry out a performance-based, strategic 
        sourcing acquisition strategy with respect to entering 
        into contracts for the services of health care 
        professional staff at military medical treatment 
        facilities located in a State.
            (2) Elements.--The acquisition strategy under 
        paragraph (1) shall include the following:
                    (A) Except as provided by subparagraph (B), 
                a requirement that all the military medical 
                treatment facilities that provide direct care 
                use contracts described under paragraph (1).
                    (B) A process for a military medical 
                treatment facility to obtain a waiver of the 
                requirement under subparagraph (A) in order to 
                use an acquisition strategy not described in 
                paragraph (1).
                    (C) Identification of the responsibilities 
                of the military departments and the elements of 
                the Department of Defense in carrying out such 
                strategy.
                    (D) Projection of the demand by covered 
                beneficiaries for health care services, 
                including with respect to primary care and 
                expanded-hours urgent care services.
                    (E) Estimation of the workload gaps at 
                military medical treatment facilities for 
                health care services, including with respect to 
                primary care and expanded-hours urgent care 
                services.
                    (F) Methods to analyze, using reliable and 
                detailed data covering the entire direct care 
                component of the military health system, the 
                amount of funds expended on contracts for the 
                services of health care professional staff.
                    (G) Methods to identify opportunities to 
                consolidate requirements for such services and 
                reduce cost.
                    (H) Methods to measure cost savings that 
                are realized by using such contracts instead of 
                purchased care.
                    (I) Metrics to determine the effectiveness 
                of such strategy.
                    (J) Metrics to evaluate the success of the 
                strategy in achieving its objectives, including 
                metrics to assess the effects of the strategy 
                on the timeliness of beneficiary access to 
                professional health care services in military 
                medical treatment facilities.
                    (K) Such other matters as the Secretary 
                considers appropriate.
    (b) Report.--Not later than July 1, 2017, the Secretary 
shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate 
and the House of Representatives a report on the status of 
implementing the acquisition strategy under paragraph (1) of 
subsection (a), including how each element under subparagraphs 
(A) through (K) of paragraph (2) of such subsection is being 
carried out.
    (c) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) The term ``covered beneficiary'' has the 
        meaning given that term in section 1072 of title 10, 
        United States Code.
            (2) The term ``State'' means the several States and 
        the District of Columbia.
    (d) Conforming Repeal.--Section 725 of the Carl Levin and 
Howard P. ``Buck'' McKeon National Defense Authorization Act 
for Fiscal Year 2015 (Public Law 113-291; 10 U.S.C. 1091 note) 
is repealed.

SEC. 728. ADOPTION OF CORE QUALITY PERFORMANCE METRICS.

    (a) Adoption.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than 180 days after the 
        date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of 
        Defense shall adopt, to the extent appropriate, the 
        core quality performance metrics agreed upon by the 
        Core Quality Measures Collaborative for use by the 
        military health system and in contracts awarded to 
        carry out the TRICARE program.
            (2) Core measures.--The core quality performance 
        metrics described in paragraph (1) shall include the 
        following sets:
                    (A) Accountable care organizations, patient 
                centered medical homes, and primary care.
                    (B) Cardiology.
                    (C) Gastroenterology.
                    (D) HIV and hepatitis C.
                    (E) Medical oncology.
                    (F) Obstetrics and gynecology.
                    (G) Orthopedics.
                    (H) Such other sets of core quality 
                performance metrics released by the Core 
                Quality Measures Collaborative as the Secretary 
                considers appropriate.
    (b) Publication.--
            (1) Online availability.--Section 1073b of title 
        10, United States Code, is amended--
                    (A) in paragraph (1)--
                            (i) by striking ``Not later than'' 
                        and all that follows through ``2016, 
                        the Secretary'' and inserting ``The 
                        Secretary''; and
                            (ii) by adding at the end the 
                        following new sentence: ``Such data 
                        shall include the core quality 
                        performance metrics adopted by the 
                        Secretary under section 728 of the 
                        National Defense Authorization Act for 
                        Fiscal Year 2017.''; and
                    (B) in the section heading, by inserting 
                ``and publication of certain data'' after 
                ``reports''.
            (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at 
        the beginning of chapter 55 of title 10, United States 
        Code, is amended by striking the item relating to 
        section 1073b and inserting the following:

``1073b. Recurring reports and publication of certain data.''.
    (c) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) The term ``Core Quality Measures 
        Collaborative'' means the collaboration between the 
        Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services, major health 
        insurance companies, national physician organizations, 
        and other entities to reach consensus on core 
        performance measures reported by health care providers.
            (2) The term ``TRICARE program'' has the meaning 
        given that term in section 1072 of title 10, United 
        States Code.

SEC. 729. IMPROVEMENT OF HEALTH OUTCOMES AND CONTROL OF COSTS OF HEALTH 
                    CARE UNDER TRICARE PROGRAM THROUGH PROGRAMS TO 
                    INVOLVE COVERED BENEFICIARIES.

    (a) Medical Intervention Incentive Program.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
        establish a program to incentivize covered 
        beneficiaries to participate in medical intervention 
        programs established by the Secretary, such as 
        comprehensive disease management programs, that may 
        include lowering fees for enrollment in the TRICARE 
        program by a certain percentage or lowering copayment 
        and cost-share amounts for health care services during 
        a particular year for covered beneficiaries with 
        chronic diseases or conditions described in paragraph 
        (2) who met participation milestones, as determined by 
        the Secretary, in the previous year in such medical 
        intervention programs.
            (2) Chronic diseases or conditions described.--
        Chronic diseases or conditions described in this 
        paragraph may include diabetes, chronic obstructive 
        pulmonary disease, asthma, congestive heart failure, 
        hypertension, history of stroke, coronary artery 
        disease, mood disorders, obesity, and such other 
        diseases or conditions as the Secretary determines 
        appropriate.
    (b) Lifestyle Intervention Incentive Program.--The 
Secretary shall establish a program to incentivize lifestyle 
interventions for covered beneficiaries, such as smoking 
cessation and weight reduction, that may include lowering fees 
for enrollment in the TRICARE program by a certain percentage 
or lowering copayment and cost share amounts for health care 
services during a particular year for covered beneficiaries who 
met participation milestones, as determined by the Secretary, 
in the previous year with respect to such lifestyle 
interventions, such as quitting smoking or achieving a lower 
body mass index by a certain percentage.
    (c) Healthy Lifestyle Maintenance Incentive Program.--The 
Secretary shall establish a program to incentivize the 
maintenance of a healthy lifestyle among covered beneficiaries, 
such as exercise and weight maintenance, that may include 
lowering fees for enrollment in the TRICARE program by a 
certain percentage or lowering copayment and cost-share amounts 
for health care services during a particular year for covered 
beneficiaries who met participation milestones, as determined 
by the Secretary, in the previous year with respect to the 
maintenance of a healthy lifestyle, such as maintaining smoking 
cessation or maintaining a normal body mass index.
    (d) Report.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than January 1, 2020, 
        the Secretary shall submit to the Committees on Armed 
        Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives 
        a report on the implementation of the programs 
        established under subsections (a), (b), and (c).
            (2) Elements.--The report required by paragraph (1) 
        shall include the following:
                    (A) A detailed description of the programs 
                implemented under subsections (a), (b), and 
                (c).
                    (B) An assessment of the impact of such 
                programs on--
                            (i) improving health outcomes for 
                        covered beneficiaries; and
                            (ii) lowering per capita health 
                        care costs for the Department of 
                        Defense.
    (e) Regulations.--Not later than January 1, 2018, the 
Secretary shall prescribe an interim final rule to carry out 
this section.
    (f) Definitions.--In this section, the terms ``covered 
beneficiary'' and ``TRICARE program'' have the meaning given 
those terms in section 1072 of title 10, United States Code.

SEC. 730. ACCOUNTABILITY FOR THE PERFORMANCE OF THE MILITARY HEALTH 
                    SYSTEM OF CERTAIN LEADERS WITHIN THE SYSTEM.

    (a) In General.--Commencing not later than 180 days after 
the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of 
Defense, in consultation with the Secretaries of the military 
departments, shall incorporate into the annual performance 
review of each military and civilian leader in the military 
health system, as determined by the Secretary of Defense, 
measures of accountability for the performance of the military 
health system described in subsection (b).
    (b) Measures of Accountability for Performance.--The 
measures of accountability for the performance of the military 
health system incorporated into the annual performance review 
of an individual pursuant to this section shall include 
measures to assess performance and assure accountability for 
the following:
            (1) Quality of care.
            (2) Access of beneficiaries to care.
            (3) Improvement in health outcomes for 
        beneficiaries.
            (4) Patient safety.
            (5) Such other matters as the Secretary of Defense, 
        in consultation with the Secretaries of the military 
        departments, considers appropriate.
    (c) Report on Implementation.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than 180 days after the 
        date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of 
        Defense shall submit to the Committees on Armed 
        Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives 
        a report on the incorporation of measures of 
        accountability for the performance of the military 
        health system into the annual performance reviews of 
        individuals as required by this section.
            (2) Elements.--The report required by paragraph (1) 
        shall include the following:
                    (A) A comprehensive plan for the use of 
                measures of accountability for performance in 
                annual performance reviews pursuant to this 
                section as a means of assessing and assuring 
                accountability for the performance of the 
                military health system.
                    (B) The identification of each leadership 
                position in the military health system 
                determined under subsection (a) and a 
                description of the specific measures of 
                accountability for performance to be 
                incorporated into the annual performance 
                reviews of each such position pursuant to this 
                section.

SEC. 731. ESTABLISHMENT OF ADVISORY COMMITTEES FOR MILITARY TREATMENT 
                    FACILITIES.

    (a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense shall establish, 
under such regulations as the Secretary may prescribe, an 
advisory committee for each military treatment facility.
    (b) Status of Certain Members of Advisory Committees.--A 
member of an advisory committee established under subsection 
(a) who is not a member of the Armed Forces on active duty or 
an employee of the Federal Government shall, with the approval 
of the commanding officer or director of the military treatment 
facility concerned, be treated as a volunteer under section 
1588 of title 10, United States Code, in carrying out the 
duties of the member under this section.
    (c) Duties.--Each advisory committee established under 
subsection (a) for a military treatment facility shall provide 
to the commanding officer or director of such facility advice 
on the administration and activities of such facility as it 
relates to the experience of care for beneficiaries at such 
facility.

                 Subtitle D--Reports and Other Matters

SEC. 741. EXTENSION OF AUTHORITY FOR JOINT DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE-
                    DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS MEDICAL FACILITY 
                    DEMONSTRATION FUND AND REPORT ON IMPLEMENTATION OF 
                    INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY CAPABILITIES.

    (a) In General.--Section 1704(e) of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2010 (Public Law 111-84; 123 
Stat. 2573), as amended by section 722 of the Carl Levin and 
Howard P. ``Buck'' McKeon National Defense Authorization Act 
for Fiscal Year 2015 (Public Law 113-291) and section 723 of 
the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2016 
(Public Law 114-92), is further amended by striking ``September 
30, 2017'' and inserting ``September 30, 2018''.
    (b) Report on Implementation of Information Technology 
Capabilities.--Not later than March 30, 2017, the Secretary of 
Defense shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the 
Senate and the House of Representatives a report on plans to 
implement all information technology capabilities required by 
the executive agreement entered into under section 1701(a) of 
the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2010 
(Public Law 111-84; 123 Stat. 2567) that remain unimplemented 
as of the date of the report.

SEC. 742. PILOT PROGRAM ON EXPANSION OF USE OF PHYSICIAN ASSISTANTS TO 
                    PROVIDE MENTAL HEALTH CARE TO MEMBERS OF THE ARMED 
                    FORCES.

    (a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense may conduct a 
pilot program to assess the feasibility and advisability of 
expanding the use by the Department of Defense of physician 
assistants specializing in psychiatric medicine at medical 
facilities of the Department of Defense in order to meet the 
increasing demand for mental health care providers at such 
facilities through the use of a psychiatry fellowship program 
for physician assistants.
    (b) Report on Pilot Program.--
            (1) In general.--If the Secretary conducts the 
        pilot program under this section, not later than 90 
        days after the date on which the Secretary completes 
        the conduct of the pilot program, the Secretary shall 
        submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the 
        Senate and the House of Representatives a report on the 
        pilot program.
            (2) Elements.--The report submitted under paragraph 
        (1) shall include the following:
                    (A) A description of the implementation of 
                the pilot program, including a detailed 
                description of the education and training 
                provided under the pilot program.
                    (B) An assessment of potential cost 
                savings, if any, to the Department of Defense 
                resulting from the pilot program.
                    (C) A description of improvements, if any, 
                to the access of members of the Armed Forces to 
                mental health care resulting from the pilot 
                program.
                    (D) A recommendation as to the feasibility 
                and advisability of extending or expanding the 
                pilot program.

SEC. 743. PILOT PROGRAM FOR PRESCRIPTION DRUG ACQUISITION COST PARITY 
                    IN THE TRICARE PHARMACY BENEFITS PROGRAM.

    (a) Authority to Establish Pilot Program.--The Secretary of 
Defense may conduct a pilot program to evaluate whether, in 
carrying out the TRICARE pharmacy benefits program under 
section 1074g of title 10, United States Code, extending 
additional discounts for prescription drugs filled at retail 
pharmacies will maintain or reduce prescription drug costs for 
the Department of Defense.
    (b) Elements of Pilot Program.--In carrying out the pilot 
program under subsection (a), the Secretary shall require that 
for prescription medications, including non-generic maintenance 
medications, that are dispensed to TRICARE beneficiaries that 
are not Medicare eligible, through any TRICARE participating 
retail pharmacy, including small business pharmacies, 
manufacturers shall pay rebates such that those medications are 
available to the Department at the lowest rate available. In 
addition to utilizing the authority under section 1074g(f) of 
title 10, United States Code, the Secretary shall have the 
authority to enter into a blanket purchase agreement with 
prescription drug manufacturers for supplemental discounts for 
prescription drugs dispensed in the pilot to be paid in the 
form of manufacturer's rebates.
    (c) Consultation.--The Secretary shall develop the pilot 
program in consultation with--
            (1) the Secretaries of the military departments;
            (2) the Chief of the Pharmacy Operations Division 
        of the Defense Health Agency; and
            (3) stakeholders, including TRICARE beneficiaries 
        and retail pharmacies.
    (d) Duration of Pilot Program.--If the Secretary carries 
out the pilot program under subsection (a), the Secretary shall 
commence such pilot program no later than October 1, 2017, and 
shall terminate such program no later than September 30, 2018.
    (e) Reports.--If the Secretary carries out the pilot 
program under subsection (a), the Secretary of Defense shall 
submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and 
the House of Representatives reports on the pilot program as 
follows:
            (1) Not later than 90 days after the date of the 
        enactment of this Act, a report containing an 
        implementation plan for the pilot program.
            (2) Not later than 180 days after the date on which 
        the pilot program commences, an interim report on the 
        pilot program.
            (3) Not later than 90 days after the date on which 
        the pilot program terminates, a final report describing 
        the results of the pilot program, including--
                    (A) any recommendations of the Secretary to 
                expand such program;
                    (B) an analysis of the changes in 
                prescription drug costs for the Department of 
                Defense relating to the pilot program;
                    (C) an analysis of the impact on 
                beneficiary access to prescription drugs;
                    (D) a survey of beneficiary satisfaction 
                with the pilot program; and
                    (E) a summary of any fraud and abuse 
                activities related to the pilot and actions 
                taken in response by the Department.

SEC. 744. PILOT PROGRAM ON DISPLAY OF WAIT TIMES AT URGENT CARE CLINICS 
                    AND PHARMACIES OF MILITARY MEDICAL TREATMENT 
                    FACILITIES.

    (a) Pilot Program Authorized.--Beginning not later than one 
year after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary 
of Defense shall carry out a pilot program for the display of 
wait times in urgent care clinics and pharmacies of military 
medical treatment facilities selected under subsection (b).
    (b) Selection of Facilities.--
            (1) Categories.--The Secretary shall select not 
        fewer than four military medical treatment facilities 
        from each of the following categories to participate in 
        the pilot program:
                    (A) Medical centers.
                    (B) Hospitals.
                    (C) Ambulatory care centers.
            (2) OCONUS locations.--Of the military medical 
        treatment facilities selected under each category 
        described in subparagraphs (A) through (C) of paragraph 
        (1), not fewer than one shall be located outside of the 
        continental United States.
            (3) Contractor-operated facilities.--The Secretary 
        may select Government-owned, contractor-operated 
        facilities among those military medical treatment 
        facilities selected under paragraph (1).
    (c) Urgent Care Clinics.--
            (1) Placement.--With respect to each military 
        medical treatment facility participating in the pilot 
        program with an urgent care clinic, the Secretary shall 
        place in a conspicuous location at the urgent care 
        clinic an electronic sign that displays the current 
        average wait time determined under paragraph (2) for a 
        patient to be seen by a qualified medical professional.
            (2) Determination.--In carrying out paragraph (1), 
        every 30 minutes, the Secretary shall determine the 
        average wait time to display under such paragraph by 
        calculating, for the four-hour period preceding the 
        calculation, the average length of time beginning at 
        the time of the arrival of a patient at the urgent care 
        clinic and ending at the time at which the patient is 
        first seen by a qualified medical professional.
    (d) Pharmacies.--
            (1) Placement.--With respect to each military 
        medical treatment facility participating in the pilot 
        program with a pharmacy, the Secretary shall place in a 
        conspicuous location at the pharmacy an electronic sign 
        that displays the current average wait time to receive 
        a filled prescription for a pharmaceutical agent.
            (2) Determination.--In carrying out paragraph (1), 
        every 30 minutes, the Secretary shall determine the 
        average wait time to display under such paragraph by 
        calculating, for the four-hour period preceding the 
        calculation, the average length of time beginning at 
        the time of submission by a patient of a prescription 
        for a pharmaceutical agent and ending at the time at 
        which the pharmacy dispenses the pharmaceutical agent 
        to the patient.
    (e) Duration.--The Secretary shall carry out the pilot 
program for a period that is not more than two years.
    (f) Report.--
            (1) Submission.--Not later than 90 days after the 
        completion of the pilot program, the Secretary shall 
        submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the House 
        of Representatives and the Senate a report on the pilot 
        program.
            (2) Elements.--The report under paragraph (1) shall 
        include--
                    (A) the costs for displaying the wait times 
                under subsections (c) and (d);
                    (B) any changes in patient satisfaction;
                    (C) any changes in patient behavior with 
                respect to using urgent care and pharmacy 
                services;
                    (D) any changes in pharmacy operations and 
                productivity;
                    (E) a cost-benefit analysis of posting such 
                wait times; and
                    (F) the feasibility of expanding the 
                posting of wait times in emergency departments 
                in military medical treatment facilities.
    (g) Qualified Medical Professional Defined.--In this 
section, the term ``qualified medical professional'' means a 
doctor of medicine, a doctor of osteopathy, a physician 
assistant, or an advanced registered nurse practitioner.

SEC. 745. REQUIREMENT TO REVIEW AND MONITOR PRESCRIBING PRACTICES AT 
                    MILITARY TREATMENT FACILITIES OF PHARMACEUTICAL 
                    AGENTS FOR TREATMENT OF POST-TRAUMATIC STRESS.

    (a) In General.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall--
            (1) conduct a comprehensive review of the 
        prescribing practices at military treatment facilities 
        of pharmaceutical agents for the treatment of post-
        traumatic stress;
            (2) implement a process or processes to monitor the 
        prescribing practices at military treatment facilities 
        of pharmaceutical agents that are discouraged from use 
        under the VA/DOD Clinical Practice Guideline for 
        Management of Post-Traumatic Stress; and
            (3) implement a plan to address any deviations from 
        such guideline in prescribing practices of 
        pharmaceutical agents for management of post-traumatic 
        stress at such facilities.
    (b) Pharmaceutical Agent Defined.--In this section, the 
term ``pharmaceutical agent'' has the meaning given that term 
in section 1074g(g) of title 10, United States Code.

SEC. 746. DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE STUDY ON PREVENTING THE DIVERSION OF 
                    OPIOID MEDICATIONS.

    (a) Study.--The Secretary of Defense shall conduct a study 
on the feasibility and effectiveness in preventing the 
diversion of opioid medications of the following measures:
            (1) Requiring that, in appropriate cases, opioid 
        medications be dispensed in vials using affordable 
        technologies designed to prevent access to the 
        medications by anyone other than the intended patient, 
        such as a vial with a locking-cap closure mechanism.
            (2) Providing education on the risks of opioid 
        medications to individuals for whom such medications 
        are prescribed, and to their families, with special 
        consideration given to raising awareness among 
        adolescents on such risks.
    (b) Briefing.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than one year after the 
        date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall 
        provide to the Committees on Armed Services of the 
        Senate and the House of Representatives a briefing on 
        the results of the study conducted under subsection 
        (a).
            (2) Elements.--The briefing under paragraph (1) 
        shall include an assessment of the cost effectiveness 
        of the measures studied under subsection (a).

SEC. 747. INCORPORATION INTO SURVEY BY DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE OF 
                    QUESTIONS ON EXPERIENCES OF MEMBERS OF THE ARMED 
                    FORCES WITH FAMILY PLANNING SERVICES AND 
                    COUNSELING.

    Not later than 9