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114th Congress   }                                    {     Rept. 114-9
                        HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
 1st Session     }                                    {          Part 1

======================================================================



 
  HUMAN TRAFFICKING PREVENTION, INTERVENTION, AND RECOVERY ACT OF 2015

                                _______
                                

January 27, 2015.--Committed to the Committee of the Whole House on the 
              State of the Union and ordered to be printed

                                _______
                                

   Mr. Goodlatte, from the Committee on the Judiciary, submitted the 
                               following

                              R E P O R T

                        [To accompany H.R. 350]

      [Including cost estimate of the Congressional Budget Office]

    The Committee on the Judiciary, to whom was referred the 
bill (H.R. 350) to direct the Interagency Task Force to Monitor 
and Combat Trafficking to identify strategies to prevent 
children from becoming victims of trafficking and review 
trafficking prevention efforts, to protect and assist in the 
recovery of victims of trafficking, and for other purposes, 
having considered the same, reports favorably thereon without 
amendment and recommends that the bill do pass.

                                CONTENTS

                                                                   Page
Purpose and Summary..............................................     2
Background and Need for the Legislation..........................     2
Hearings.........................................................     3
Committee Consideration..........................................     3
Committee Votes..................................................     3
Committee Oversight Findings.....................................     3
New Budget Authority and Tax Expenditures........................     4
Congressional Budget Office Cost Estimate........................     4
Duplication of Federal Programs..................................     4
Disclosure of Directed Rule Makings..............................     4
Performance Goals and Objectives.................................     4
Advisory on Earmarks.............................................     4
Section-by-Section Analysis......................................     4
Changes in Existing Law Made by the Bill, as Reported............     5

                          Purpose and Summary

    H.R. 350 directs the existing Interagency Task Force to 
Monitor and Combat Trafficking, established under the 
Trafficking Victims Protection Act of 2000, to review Federal 
and state activities to prevent children from becoming 
trafficking victims, survey academic research on the topic, and 
propose best practices. The bill also directs the Government 
Accountability Office to review Federal and state efforts, 
including Federal grants, to combat human trafficking, and 
clarifies that existing grants may be used to provide shelter 
services to trafficking victims.

                Background and Need for the Legislation

    According to the Federal Bureau of Investigation, sex 
trafficking is the fastest-growing business of organized crime 
and the third-largest criminal enterprise in the world.\1\ 
Because this crime usually occurs outside of the public eye, it 
is difficult to estimate the number of minor victims of sex 
trafficking.\2\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \1\See Amanda Walker-Rodriguez & Rodney Hill, The FBI, FBI Law 
Enforcement Bulletin: Human Sex Trafficking, Mar. 2011.
    \2\Starting in January 2013, the FBI began collecting data 
regarding sex trafficking specifically as part of its Uniform Crime 
Report program. This information should help to provide a more fulsome 
picture of the impact of minor sex trafficking nationwide. See fbi, UCR 
Program Continues to Adapt, Evolve, http://www.fbi.gov/about-us/cjis/
cjis-link/september-2011/ucr-program-continues-to-adapt-evolve.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    The problem, however, is extensive. Demand for the 
prostitution (and other forms of commercial sexual 
exploitation) of children is steady, and profit to sex pimps 
(or more aptly called ``traffickers''), has increased. One 
study estimates that over 290,000 American youth are at risk of 
becoming a victim of sex trafficking, and the National Center 
for Missing and Exploited Children estimates that one of every 
seven endangered runaways reported to the Center are likely 
victims of minor sex trafficking.\3\ And, from 2004 through 
2008, the Internet Crimes Against Children Task Forces have 
experienced an increase of more than 900 percent in the number 
of child victims of prostitution.\4\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \3\Oversight Hearing: The State of Efforts to Stop Human 
Trafficking, H. Subcomm. on Commerce, Justice, Science, and Related 
Agencies of the H. Comm. on Appropriations, 113th Congress (statement 
of John Ryan, CEO, National Center for Missing and Exploited Children).
    \4\U.S. Department of Justice, The National Strategy for Child 
Exploitation Prevention and Interdiction, 32, 2010, available at http:/
/www.justice.gov/psc/docs/natstrategyreport.pdf.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Victims of sex trafficking are exploited by traffickers who 
may operate alone or as part of a criminal network. Shared Hope 
International estimates that human trafficking in the United 
States is a $9.8 billion industry.\5\ It is more profitable for 
a trafficker to sell the sexual services of a child or adult 
than to commit other crimes such as dealing in drugs--drugs can 
only be sold once, whereas victims can be, and are, prostituted 
multiple times a day.\6\ In fact, traffickers will often set 
daily monetary quotas for their victims, usually ranging 
between $500 and $1,000, which goes to the trafficker and not 
the victim. Failure to meet these quotas can result in violence 
and other types of retaliation against the victim.\7\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \5\Shared hope international, Domestic Minor Sex Trafficking in the 
U.S., http://sharedhope.org/wp-content/uploads/2013/11/
DMSTinfographic.pdf.
    \6\U.S. Department of Justice, supra note 4 at 32-33.
    \7\Domestic Sex Trafficking: The Criminal Operations of the 
American Pimp, Polaris Project, available at http://
www.dcjs.virginia.gov/victims/humantrafficking/vs/documents/Domestic_
Sex_Trafficking_Guide.pdf.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    The average age of minors entering the sex trade is between 
12 and 14 years.\8\ Traffickers often target vulnerable youth, 
who are more easily lured into prostitution and other forms of 
child exploitation. For example, runaways and children in the 
foster care system are particularly vulnerable to becoming 
victims of sex trafficking--one federally funded study found 
that approximately 1.7 million youth had run away from home or 
were forced to leave their homes at some point in 1999, and 
that, while away from home, an estimated 38,600 (2.2%) of these 
youth were sexually assaulted, were in the company of someone 
known to be sexually abusive, or were engaged in sexual 
activity in exchange for money, drugs, food, or shelter.\9\ 
Victims of minor sex trafficking, however, are not always 
runaways or in foster homes. Instead, these victims can and do 
come from any type of home or socioeconomic background.\10\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \8\Rights4girls, http://www.rights4girls.org/uploads/
child%20welfare%20and%20child%20traf
ficking.pdf.
    \9\Heather Hammer, David Finkelhor, & Andrea J. Sedlak, U.S. 
Department of Justice Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency 
Prevention, OJJDP NISMART Bulletin Runaway/Thrownaway Children: 
National Estimates and Characteristics, Oct. 2002, available at https:/
/www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/ojjdp/196469.pdf.
    \10\See ``You're Pretty--You Could Make Some Money,'' Washingtonian 
Mag., June 10, 2013 (discussing the growth of minor sex trafficking 
victims coming from ``the affluent Northern Virginia suburbs'').
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    The investigation and prosecution of human trafficking has 
often been carried out by state and local law enforcement. 
Congress has focused recent attention on domestic sex 
trafficking of children, which includes commercial sex acts 
involving children under the age of 18. Under the Victims of 
Trafficking and Violence Protection Act of 2000 (TVPA), the 
primary law that addresses trafficking, sex trafficking of 
children in interstate commerce is a Federal crime.\11\ 
Further, regardless of whether a child is believed to have 
consented to sex or whether the child represents himself or 
herself as an adult, the child is considered a trafficking 
victim under Federal law.\12\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \11\P.L. 106-386.
    \12\18 U.S.C. Sec. 1591.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

                                Hearings

    The Committee on the Judiciary held no hearings on H.R. 
350.

                        Committee Consideration

    On January 21, 2015, the Committee met in open session and 
ordered the bill H.R. 350 favorably reported without amendment, 
by voice vote, a quorum being present.

                            Committee Votes

    In compliance with clause 3(b) of rule XIII of the Rules of 
the House of Representatives, the Committee advises that there 
were no recorded votes during the Committee's consideration of 
H.R. 350.

                      Committee Oversight Findings

    In compliance with clause 3(c)(1) of rule XIII of the Rules 
of the House of Representatives, the Committee advises that the 
findings and recommendations of the Committee, based on 
oversight activities under clause 2(b)(1) of rule X of the 
Rules of the House of Representatives, are incorporated in the 
descriptive portions of this report.

               New Budget Authority and Tax Expenditures

    Clause 3(c)(2) of rule XIII of the Rules of the House of 
Representatives is inapplicable because this legislation does 
not provide new budgetary authority or increased tax 
expenditures.

               Congressional Budget Office Cost Estimate

    With respect to clause 3(c)(3) of rule XIII of the Rules of 
the House of Representatives, an estimate and comparison 
prepared by the Director of the Congressional Budget Office 
under section 402 of the Congressional Budget Act of 1974 was 
not submitted to the Committee before the of filing of the 
report.

                    Duplication of Federal Programs

    No provision of H.R. 350 establishes or reauthorizes a 
program of the Federal Government known to be duplicative of 
another Federal program, a program that was included in any 
report from the Government Accountability Office to Congress 
pursuant to section 21 of Public Law 111-139, or a program 
related to a program identified in the most recent Catalog of 
Federal Domestic Assistance.

                  Disclosure of Directed Rule Makings

    The Committee estimates that H.R. 350 specifically directs 
to be completed no specific rule makings within the meaning of 
5 U.S.C. Sec. 551.

                    Performance Goals and Objectives

    The Committee states that pursuant to clause 3(c)(4) of 
rule XIII of the Rules of the House of Representatives, H.R. 
350 directs the existing Interagency Task Force established 
under the Trafficking Victims Protection Act of 2000 to review 
Federal and state activities to prevent children from becoming 
trafficking victims, survey academic research on the topic, and 
propose best practices; directs the Government Accountability 
Office to review Federal and state efforts, including Federal 
grants, to combat human trafficking; and clarifies that 
existing grants may be used to provide shelter services to 
trafficking victims.

                          Advisory on Earmarks

    In accordance with clause 9 of rule XXI of the Rules of the 
House of Representatives, H.R. 350 does not contain any 
congressional earmarks, limited tax benefits, or limited tariff 
benefits as defined in clause 9(e), 9(f), or 9(g) of Rule XXI.

                      Section-by-Section Analysis

    The following discussion describes the bill as reported by 
the Committee.
    Section 1. Short Title. This section cites the short title 
of the bill as the ``Human Trafficking Prevention, 
Intervention, and Recovery Act of 2015.''
    Section 2. Interagency Task Force Report on Child 
Trafficking Primary Prevention. This section directs the 
Interagency Task Force to Monitor and Combat Trafficking, 
established under the Trafficking Victims Protection Act of 
2000 (TVPA), to survey Federal and state activities to prevent 
children from becoming trafficking victims; review academic 
literature on deterring individuals from committing trafficking 
offenses and preventing children from becoming victims; and 
identify best practices and strategies for prevention, as well 
as identify any current gaps in research and data that would be 
helpful to develop effective prevention strategies.
    Section 3. GAO Report on Intervention. This section 
requires the Government Accountability Office to submit a 
report to Congress that includes information on Federal and 
state law enforcement agencies to combat trafficking in the 
U.S., including information on each available Federal grant 
program intended to combat human trafficking or assist victims 
of trafficking.
    Section 4. Provision of Housing Permitted to Protect and 
Assist in the Recovery of Victims of Trafficking. This section 
clarifies that an existing Justice Department TVPA grant 
program may be used to provide housing services to trafficking 
victims.
    Section 5. Victim of Trafficking Defined. This section 
provides that the definition of ``victim of trafficking'' is 
the same as that in the TVPA.

         Changes in Existing Law Made by the Bill, as Reported

    In compliance with clause 3(e) of rule XIII of the Rules of 
the House of Representatives, changes in existing law made by 
the bill, as reported, are shown as follows (new matter is 
printed in italics and existing law in which no change is 
proposed is shown in roman):

               TRAFFICKING VICTIMS PROTECTION ACT OF 2000



           *       *       *       *       *       *       *
DIVISION A--TRAFFICKING VICTIMS PROTECTION ACT OF 2000

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


SEC. 107. PROTECTION AND ASSISTANCE FOR VICTIMS OF TRAFFICKING.

    (a) Assistance for Victims in Other Countries.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary of State and the 
        Administrator of the United States Agency for 
        International Development, in consultation with 
        appropriate nongovernmental organizations, shall 
        establish and carry out programs and initiatives in 
        foreign countries to assist in the safe integration, 
        reintegration, or resettlement, as appropriate, of 
        victims of trafficking. Such programs and initiatives 
        shall be designed to meet the appropriate assistance 
        needs of such persons and their children, as identified 
        by the Task Force, and shall be carried out in a manner 
        which takes into account the cross-border, regional, 
        and transnational aspects of trafficking in persons. In 
        addition, such programs and initiatives shall, to the 
        maximum extent practicable, include the following:
                    (A) Support for local in-country 
                nongovernmental organization-operated hotlines, 
                culturally and linguistically appropriate 
                protective shelters, and regional and 
                international nongovernmental organization 
                networks and databases on trafficking, 
                including support to assist nongovernmental 
                organizations in establishing service centers 
                and systems that are mobile and extend beyond 
                large cities.
                    (B) Support for nongovernmental 
                organizations and advocates to provide legal, 
                social, and other services and assistance to 
                trafficked individuals, particularly those 
                individuals in detention, and by facilitating 
                contact between relevant foreign government 
                agencies and such nongovernmental organizations 
                to facilitate cooperation between the foreign 
                governments and such organizations.
                    (C) Education and training for trafficked 
                women and girls.
                    (D) The safe integration or reintegration 
                of trafficked individuals into an appropriate 
                community or family, with full respect for the 
                wishes, dignity, and safety of the trafficked 
                individual.
                    (E) Support for developing or increasing 
                programs to assist families of victims in 
                locating, repatriating, and treating their 
                trafficked family members, in assisting the 
                voluntary repatriation of these family members 
                or their integration or resettlement into 
                appropriate communities, and in providing them 
                with treatment.
                    (F) In cooperation and coordination with 
                relevant organizations, such as the United 
                Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, the 
                International Organization for Migration, and 
                private nongovernmental organizations that 
                contract with, or receive grants from, the 
                United States Government to assist refugees and 
                internally displaced persons, support for--
                            (i) increased protections for 
                        refugees and internally displaced 
                        persons, including outreach and 
                        education efforts to prevent such 
                        refugees and internally displaced 
                        persons from being exploited by 
                        traffickers; and
                            (ii) performance of best interest 
                        determinations for unaccompanied and 
                        separated children who come to the 
                        attention of the United Nations High 
                        Commissioner for Refugees, its partner 
                        organizations, or any organization that 
                        contracts with the Department of State 
                        in order to identify child trafficking 
                        victims and to assist their safe 
                        integration, reintegration, and 
                        resettlement.
            (2) Additional requirement.--In establishing and 
        conducting programs and initiatives described in 
        paragraph (1), the Secretary of State and the 
        Administrator of the United States Agency for 
        International Development shall take all appropriate 
        steps to enhance cooperative efforts among foreign 
        countries, including countries of origin of victims of 
        trafficking, to assist in the integration, 
        reintegration, or resettlement, as appropriate, of 
        victims of trafficking, including stateless victims. In 
        carrying out this paragraph, the Secretary and the 
        Administrator shall take all appropriate steps to 
        ensure that cooperative efforts among foreign countries 
        are undertaken on a regional basis and shall brief 
        Congress annually on such efforts.
    (b) Victims in the United States.--
            (1) Assistance.--
                    (A) Eligibility for benefits and 
                services.--Notwithstanding title IV of the 
                Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity 
                Reconciliation Act of 1996, an alien who is a 
                victim of a severe form of trafficking in 
                persons, or an alien classified as a 
                nonimmigrant under section 101(a)(15(T)(ii), 
                shall be eligible for benefits and services 
                under any Federal or State program or activity 
                funded or administered by any official or 
                agency described in subparagraph (B) to the 
                same extent as an alien who is admitted to the 
                United States as a refugee under section 207 of 
                the Immigration and Nationality Act.
                    (B) Requirement to expand benefits and 
                services.--Subject to subparagraph (C) and, in 
                the case of nonentitlement programs, to the 
                availability of appropriations, the Secretary 
                of Health and Human Services, the Secretary of 
                Labor, the Board of Directors of the Legal 
                Services Corporation, and the heads of other 
                Federal agencies shall expand benefits and 
                services to victims of severe forms of 
                trafficking in persons in the United States,and 
                aliens classified as a nonimmigrant under 
                section 101(a)(15)(T)(ii), without regard to 
                the immigration status of such victims. In the 
                case of nonentitlement programs funded by the 
                Secretary of Health and Human Services, such 
                benefits and services may include services to 
                assist potential victims of trafficking in 
                achieving certification and to assist minor 
                dependent children of victims of severe forms 
                of trafficking in persons or potential victims 
                of trafficking.
                    (C) Definition of victim of a severe form 
                of trafficking in persons.--For the purposes of 
                this paragraph, the term ``victim of a severe 
                form of trafficking in persons'' means only a 
                person--
                            (i) who has been subjected to an 
                        act or practice described in section 
                        103(8) as in effect on the date of the 
                        enactment of this Act; and
                            (ii)(I) who has not attained 18 
                        years of age; or
                            (II) who is the subject of a 
                        certification under subparagraph (E).
                    (E) Certification.--
                            (i) In general.--Subject to clause 
                        (ii), the certification referred to in 
                        subparagraph (C) is a certification by 
                        the Secretary of Health and Human 
                        Services, after consultation with the 
                        Attorney General and the Secretary of 
                        Homeland Security, that the person 
                        referred to in subparagraph 
                        (C)(ii)(II)--
                                    (I) is willing to assist in 
                                every reasonable way in the 
                                investigation and prosecution 
                                of severe forms of trafficking 
                                in persons or is unable to 
                                cooperate with such a request 
                                due to physical or 
                                psychological trauma; and
                                    (II)(aa) has made a bona 
                                fide application for a visa 
                                under section 101(a)(15)(T) of 
                                the Immigration and Nationality 
                                Act, as added by subsection 
                                (e), that has not been denied; 
                                or
                                    (bb) is a person whose 
                                continued presence in the 
                                United States the Secretary of 
                                Homeland Security is ensuring 
                                in order to effectuate 
                                prosecution of traffickers in 
                                persons.
                            (ii) Period of effectiveness.--A 
                        certification referred to in 
                        subparagraph (C), with respect to a 
                        person described in clause (i)(II)(bb), 
                        shall be effective only for so long as 
                        the Attorney General and the Secretary 
                        of Homeland Security determines that 
                        the continued presence of such person 
                        is necessary to effectuate prosecution 
                        of traffickers in persons.
                            (iii) Investigation and prosecution 
                        defined.--For the purpose of a 
                        certification under this subparagraph, 
                        the term ``investigation and 
                        prosecution'' includes--
                                    (I) identification of a 
                                person or persons who have 
                                committed severe forms of 
                                trafficking in persons;
                                    (II) location and 
                                apprehension of such persons;
                                    (III) testimony at 
                                proceedings against such 
                                persons; and
                                    (IV) responding to and 
                                cooperating with requests for 
                                evidence and information.
                            (iv) Assistance to 
                        investigations.--In making the 
                        certification described in this 
                        subparagraph with respect to the 
                        assistance to investigation or 
                        prosecution described in clause (i)(I), 
                        the Secretary of Health and Human 
                        Services shall consider statements from 
                        State and local law enforcement 
                        officials that the person referred to 
                        in subparagraph (C)(ii)(II) has been 
                        willing to assist in every reasonable 
                        way with respect to the investigation 
                        and prosecution of State and local 
                        crimes such as kidnapping, rape, 
                        slavery, or other forced labor 
                        offenses, where severe forms of 
                        trafficking appear to have been 
                        involved.
                    (F) Eligibility for interim assistance of 
                children.--
                            (i) Determination.--Upon receiving 
                        credible information that a child 
                        described in subparagraph (C)(ii)(I) 
                        who is seeking assistance under this 
                        paragraph may have been subjected to a 
                        severe form of trafficking in persons, 
                        the Secretary of Health and Human 
                        Services shall promptly determine if 
                        the child is eligible for interim 
                        assistance under this paragraph. The 
                        Secretary shall have exclusive 
                        authority to make interim eligibility 
                        determinations under this clause. A 
                        determination of interim eligibility 
                        under this clause shall not affect the 
                        independent determination whether a 
                        child is a victim of a severe form of 
                        trafficking.
                            (ii) Notification.--The Secretary 
                        of Health and Human Services shall 
                        notify the Attorney General and the 
                        Secretary of Homeland Security not 
                        later than 24 hours after all interim 
                        eligibility determinations have been 
                        made under clause (i).
                            (iii) Duration.--Assistance under 
                        this paragraph may be provided to 
                        individuals determined to be eligible 
                        under clause (i) for a period of up to 
                        90 days and may be extended for an 
                        additional 30 days.
                            (iv) Long-term assistance for 
                        children.--
                                    (I) Eligibility 
                                determination.--Before the 
                                expiration of the period for 
                                interim assistance under clause 
                                (iii), the Secretary of Health 
                                and Human Services shall 
                                determine if the child referred 
                                to in clause (i) is eligible 
                                for assistance under this 
                                paragraph.
                                    (II) Consultation.--In 
                                making a determination under 
                                subclause (I), the Secretary 
                                shall consult with the Attorney 
                                General, the Secretary of 
                                Homeland Security, and 
                                nongovernmental organizations 
                                with expertise on victims of 
                                severe form of trafficking.
                                    (III) Letter of 
                                eligibility.--If the Secretary, 
                                after receiving information the 
                                Secretary believes, taken as a 
                                whole, indicates that the child 
                                is eligible for assistance 
                                under this paragraph, the 
                                Secretary shall issue a letter 
                                of eligibility. The Secretary 
                                may not require that the child 
                                cooperate with law enforcement 
                                as a condition for receiving 
                                such letter of eligibility.
                    (G) Notification of children for interim 
                assistance.--Not later than 24 hours after a 
                Federal, State, or local official discovers 
                that a person who is under 18 years of age may 
                be a victim of a severe form of trafficking in 
                persons, the official shall notify the 
                Secretary of Health and Human Services to 
                facilitate the provision of interim assistance 
                under subparagraph (F).
            (2) Grants.--
                    (A) In general.--Subject to the 
                availability of appropriations, the Attorney 
                General may make grants to States, Indian 
                tribes, units of local government, and 
                nonprofit, nongovernmental victims' service 
                organizations to develop, expand, or strengthen 
                victim service programs for victims of 
                trafficking, including programs that provide 
                housing to victims of trafficking.
                    (B) Allocation of grant funds.--Of amounts 
                made available for grants under this paragraph, 
                there shall be set aside--
                            (i) three percent for research, 
                        evaluation, and statistics;
                            (ii) 5 percent for training and 
                        technical assistance, including 
                        increasing capacity and expertise on 
                        security for and protection of service 
                        providers from intimidation or 
                        retaliation for their activities.
                            (iii) one percent for management 
                        and administration.
                    (C) Limitation on federal share.--The 
                Federal share of a grant made under this 
                paragraph may not exceed 75 percent of the 
                total costs of the projects described in the 
                application submitted.
    (c) Trafficking Victim Regulations.--Not later than 180 
days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Attorney 
General, the Secretary of Homeland Security and the Secretary 
of State shall promulgate regulations for law enforcement 
personnel, immigration officials, and Department of State 
officials to implement the following:
            (1) Protections while in custody.--Victims of 
        severe forms of trafficking, while in the custody of 
        the Federal Government and to the extent practicable, 
        shall--
                    (A) not be detained in facilities 
                inappropriate to their status as crime victims;
                    (B) receive necessary medical care and 
                other assistance; and
                    (C) be provided protection if a victim's 
                safety is at risk or if there is danger of 
                additional harm by recapture of the victim by a 
                trafficker, including--
                            (i) taking measures to protect 
                        trafficked persons and their family 
                        members from intimidation and threats 
                        of reprisals and reprisals from 
                        traffickers and their associates; and
                            (ii) ensuring that the names and 
                        identifying information of trafficked 
                        persons and their family members are 
                        not disclosed to the public.
            (2) Access to information.--Victims of severe forms 
        of trafficking shall have access to information about 
        their rights and translation services. To the extent 
        practicable, victims of severe forms of trafficking 
        shall have access to information about federally funded 
        or administered anti-trafficking programs that provide 
        services to victims of severe forms of trafficking.
            (3) Authority to permit continued presence in the 
        united states.--
                    (A) Trafficking victims.--
                            (i) In general.--If a Federal law 
                        enforcement official files an 
                        application stating that an alien is a 
                        victim of a severe form of trafficking 
                        and may be a potential witness to such 
                        trafficking, the Secretary of Homeland 
                        Security may permit the alien to remain 
                        in the United States to facilitate the 
                        investigation and prosecution of those 
                        responsible for such crime.
                            (ii) Safety.--While investigating 
                        and prosecuting suspected traffickers, 
                        Federal law enforcement officials 
                        described in clause (i) shall endeavor 
                        to make reasonable efforts to protect 
                        the safety of trafficking victims, 
                        including taking measures to protect 
                        trafficked persons and their family 
                        members from intimidation, threats of 
                        reprisals, and reprisals from 
                        traffickers and their associates.
                            (iii) Continuation of presence.--
                        The Secretary shall permit an alien 
                        described in clause (i) who has filed a 
                        civil action under section 1595 of 
                        title 18, United States Code, to remain 
                        in the United States until such action 
                        is concluded. If the Secretary, in 
                        consultation with the Attorney General, 
                        determines that the alien has failed to 
                        exercise due diligence in pursuing such 
                        action, the Secretary may revoke the 
                        order permitting the alien to remain in 
                        the United States.
                            (iv) Exception.--Notwithstanding 
                        clause (iii), an alien described in 
                        such clause may be deported before the 
                        conclusion of the administrative and 
                        legal proceedings related to a 
                        complaint described in such clause if 
                        such alien is inadmissible under 
                        paragraph (2)(A)(i)(II), (2)(B), 
                        (2)(C), (2)(E), (2)(H), (2)(I), 
                        (3)(A)(i), (3)(A)(iii), (3)(B), or 
                        (3)(C) of section 212(a) of the 
                        Immigration and Nationality Act (8 
                        U.S.C. 1182(a)).
                    (B) Parole for relatives.--Law enforcement 
                officials may submit written requests to the 
                Secretary of Homeland Security, in accordance 
                with section 240A(b)(6) of the Immigration and 
                Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1229b(b)(6)), to 
                permit the parole into the United States of 
                certain relatives of an alien described in 
                subparagraph (A)(i).
                    (C) State and local law enforcement.--The 
                Secretary of Homeland Security, in consultation 
                with the Attorney General, shall--
                            (i) develop materials to assist 
                        State and local law enforcement 
                        officials in working with Federal law 
                        enforcement to obtain continued 
                        presence for victims of a severe form 
                        of trafficking in cases investigated or 
                        prosecuted at the State or local level; 
                        and
                            (ii) distribute the materials 
                        developed under clause (i) to State and 
                        local law enforcement officials.
            (4) Training of government personnel.--Appropriate 
        personnel of the Department of State, the Department of 
        Homeland Security, the Department of Health and Human 
        Services, the Department of Labor, the Equal Employment 
        Opportunity Commission, and the Department of Justice 
        shall be trained in identifying victims of severe forms 
        of trafficking and providing for the protection of such 
        victims, including juvenile victims. The Attorney 
        General and the Secretary of Health and Human Services, 
        in consultation with the Secretary of Labor, shall 
        provide training to State and local officials to 
        improve the identification and protection of such 
        victims.
    (d) Construction.--Nothing in subsection (c) shall be 
construed as creating any private cause of action against the 
United States or its officers or employees.
    (e) Protection From Removal for Certain Crime Victims.--
            (5) Statutory construction.--Nothing in this 
        section, or in the amendments made by this section, 
        shall be construed as prohibiting the Secretary of 
        Homeland Security from instituting removal proceedings 
        under section 240 of the Immigration and Nationality 
        Act (8 U.S.C. 1229a) against an alien admitted as a 
        nonimmigrant under section 101(a)(15)(T)(i) of that 
        Act, as added by subsection (e), for conduct committed 
        after the alien's admission into the United States, or 
        for conduct or a condition that was not disclosed to 
        the Secretary of Homeland Security prior to the alien's 
        admission as a nonimmigrant under such section 
        101(a)(15)(T)(i).
    (f) Assistance for United States Citizens and Lawful 
Permanent Residents.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary of Health and Human 
        Services and the Attorney General, in consultation with 
        the Secretary of Labor, shall establish a program to 
        assist United States citizens and aliens lawfully 
        admitted for permanent residence (as defined in section 
        101(a)(20) of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 
        U.S.C. 1101(a)(20))) who are victims of severe forms of 
        trafficking. In determining the assistance that would 
        be most beneficial for such victims, the Secretary and 
        the Attorney General shall consult with nongovernmental 
        organizations that provide services to victims of 
        severe forms of trafficking in the United States.
            (2) Use of existing programs.--In addition to 
        specialized services required for victims described in 
        paragraph (1), the program established pursuant to 
        paragraph (1) shall--
                    (A) facilitate communication and 
                coordination between the providers of 
                assistance to such victims;
                    (B) provide a means to identify such 
                providers; and
                    (C) provide a means to make referrals to 
                programs for which such victims are already 
                eligible, including programs administered by 
                the Department of Justice and the Department of 
                Health and Human Services.
            (3) Grants.--
                    (A) In general.--The Secretary of Health 
                and Human Services and the Attorney General may 
                award grants to States, Indian tribes, units of 
                local government, and nonprofit, 
                nongovernmental victim service organizations to 
                develop, expand, and strengthen victim service 
                programs authorized under this subsection.
                    (B) Maximum federal share.--The Federal 
                share of a grant awarded under this paragraph 
                may not exceed 75 percent of the total costs of 
                the projects described in the application 
                submitted by the grantee.
    
    (g) Annual Reports.--On or before October 31 of each year, 
the Attorney General or the Secretary of Homeland Security 
shall submit a report to the appropriate congressional 
committees setting forth, with respect to the preceding fiscal 
year, the number, if any, of otherwise eligible applicants who 
did not receive visas under section 101(a)(15)(T) of the 
Immigration and Nationality Act, as added by subsection (e), or 
who were unable to adjust their status under section 245(l) of 
such Act, solely on account of the unavailability of visas due 
to a limitation imposed by section 214(o)(2) or 245(l)(4)(A) of 
such Act.

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