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                                                       Calendar No. 501
                                                       
114th Congress   }                                          {   Report
                                 SENATE
 2d Session      }                                          {  114-264

======================================================================



 
       DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY APPROPRIATIONS BILL, 2017
                                _______
                                

                  May 26, 2016.--Ordered to be printed

                                _______
                                

           Mr. Hoeven, from the Committee on Appropriations, 
                        submitted the following

                                 REPORT

                         [To accompany S. 3001]

     The Committee on Appropriations reports the bill (S. 3001) 
making appropriations for the Department of Homeland Security 
for the fiscal year ending September 30, 2017, and for other 
purposes, reports favorably thereon and recommends that the 
bill do pass.



Total obligational authority, fiscal year 2017

Total of bill as reported to the Senate\1\\2\\3\\6\..... $49,739,632,000
Amount of 2016 appropriations\4\\5\.....................  49,431,955,000
Amount of 2017 budget estimate\1\\2\\6\.................  48,999,303,000
Bill as recommended to Senate compared to--
     2016 appropriations................................    +307,677,000
    2017 budget estimate................................    +740,329,000

\1\Committee recommendation includes $1,231,574,000 in rescissions 
compared to $420,000,000 in proposed cancellations.
\2\Includes a permanent indefinite appropriation of $176,000,000 for the 
Coast Guard healthcare fund contribution.
\3\Includes $162,692,000 for the Coast Guard for the cost of overseas 
contingency operations.
\4\Includes rescissions totaling $1,506,152,000 pursuant to Public Law 
114-113. Includes permanent indefinite appropriation of $169,306,000 for 
the Coast Guard healthcare fund contribution. Includes $160,002,000 for 
the Coast Guard for the cost of overseas contingency operations.
\5\Includes $6,712,953,000 for the FEMA Disaster Relief Fund designated 
by the Congress as disaster relief pursuant to Public Law 112-25.
\6\Includes $6,709,000,000 for the FEMA Disaster Relief Fund designated 
by the Congress as disaster relief pursuant to Public Law 112-25.




                                CONTENTS

                              ----------                              
                                                                   Page
Overview and Summary of the Bill.................................     4
References.......................................................     8
Title I:
    Departmental Management and Operations:
        Office of the Secretary and Executive Management.........    10
        Office of the Under Secretary for Management.............    19
        Office of the Chief Financial Officer....................    22
        Office of the Chief Information Officer..................    25
        Analysis and Operations..................................    27
        Office of Inspector General..............................    28
Title II:
    Security, Enforcement, and Investigations:
        U.S. Customs and Border Protection:
            Salaries and Expenses................................    32
            Automation Modernization.............................    45
            Border Security Fencing, Infrastructure, and 
              Technology.........................................    47
            Air and Marine Operations............................    48
            Construction and Facilities Management...............    50
        U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement:
            Salaries and Expenses................................    52
            Automation Modernization.............................    60
        Construction.............................................    61
        Transportation Security Administration:
            Aviation Security....................................    62
            Surface Transportation Security......................    71
            Intelligence and Vetting.............................    72
            Transportation Security Support......................    73
        United States Coast Guard:
            Operating Expenses...................................    74
            Environmental Compliance and Restoration.............    80
            Reserve Training.....................................    80
            Acquisition, Construction, and Improvements..........    81
            Research, Development, Test, and Evaluation..........    86
            Retired Pay..........................................    87
        United States Secret Service:
            Salaries and Expenses................................    87
            Acquisition, Construction, Improvements, and Related 
              Ex-
              penses.............................................    92
Title III:
    Protection, Preparedness, Response, and Recovery:
        National Protection and Programs Directorate:
            Management and Administration........................    93
            Infrastructure Protection and Information Security...    94
            Federal Protective Service...........................   101
            Office of Biometric Identity Management..............   102
            Office of Health Affairs.............................   104
        Federal Emergency Management Agency:
            Salaries and Expenses................................   106
            State and Local Programs.............................   111
            Firefighter Assistance Grants........................   115
            Emergency Management Performance Grants..............   115
            Radiological Emergency Preparedness Program..........   116
            United States Fire Administration....................   116
            Disaster Relief Fund.................................   117
            Flood Hazard Mapping and Risk Analysis Program.......   118
            National Flood Insurance Fund........................   118
            National Predisaster Mitigation Fund.................   120
            Emergency Food and Shelter...........................   120
Title IV:
    Research and Development, Training, and Services:
        United States Citizenship and Immigration Services.......   122
        Federal Law Enforcement Training Center:
            Salaries and Expenses................................   126
            Acquisitions, Construction, Improvements, and Related 
              Expenses...........................................   127
        Science and Technology:
            Management and Administration........................   127
            Research, Development, Acquisition, and Operations...   128
        Domestic Nuclear Detection Office:
            Management and Administration........................   132
            Research, Development, and Operations................   133
            Systems Acquisition..................................   134
Title V: General Provisions......................................   136
Program, Project, and Activity...................................   142
Compliance With Paragraph 7, Rule XVI of the Standing Rules of 
  the 
  Senate.........................................................   142
Compliance With Paragraph 7(c), Rule XXVI of the Standing Rules 
  of the Senate..................................................   143
Compliance With Paragraph 12, Rule XXVI of the Standing Rules of 
  the Senate.....................................................   143
Budgetary Impact of Bill.........................................   147
Comparative Statement of New Budget Authority....................   148

                    OVERVIEW AND SUMMARY OF THE BILL

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                           Fiscal year 2017       Fiscal year 2017  Committee
                                                          request\1,\\2,\\3\     recommendation\1,\\2,\\3,\\4\
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Title I--Departmental Management and Operations.......             1,167,627                    1,143,139
Title II--Security, Enforcement, and Investigations...            33,711,991                   34,515,220
Title III--Protection, Preparedness, Response, and                12,418,093                   13,315,704
 Recovery.............................................
Title IV--Research and Development, Training, and                  1,631,845                    1,499,396
 Services.............................................
Title V--General Provisions...........................                69,747                     -733,827
                                                       ---------------------------------------------------------
      Total, new budget (obligational authority)......            48,999,303                   49,739,632
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\Committee recommendation includes $1,231,574,000 in rescissions compared to $420,000,000 in proposed
  cancellations.
\2\Includes a permanent indefinite appropriation of $176,000,000 for the Coast Guard healthcare fund
  contribution.
\3\Includes $6,709,000,000 for the FEMA Disaster Relief Fund designated by the Congress as disaster relief
  pursuant to Public Law 112-25.
\4\Includes $162,692,000 for the Coast Guard for the cost of overseas contingency operations.

    The Committee recommends a total appropriation of 
$49,739,632,000 for DHS for fiscal year 2017, $740,329,000 more 
than the budget request. Of this amount, $48,072,692,000 is for 
discretionary programs, including $162,692,000 for Coast Guard 
overseas contingency operations and $6,709,000,000 for the FEMA 
Disaster Relief Fund designated by the Congress as disaster 
relief pursuant to Public Law 112-25.
    The Committee recommends discretionary appropriations, 
excluding Coast Guard overseas contingency operations and the 
FEMA Disaster Relief Fund adjustment, of $41,201,000,000, 
$577,637,000 above the request.

                                Overview

    Despite the threat environment and the many management and 
operational challenges that face this young department, the 
mission of homeland security remains compelling to its 226,000 
employees and the many stakeholders and partners who share it. 
The Secretary recently unveiled a new, simple mission statement 
for the Department of Homeland Security [DHS]: ``With honor and 
integrity, we will safeguard the American people, our homeland, 
and our values.'' Nearly 3,000 entries were submitted from 
across DHS with similar words and themes: honor, integrity, 
service, strength, vigilance. While these could be just words 
on a page, the Secretary is seeking to unify every person, 
activity, function, operation, and program with this statement 
and the Committee supports that commitment.
    Further, the Committee expects to see results from this 
common focus in the Department's performance of its mission. 
The American people have invested heavily in homeland security. 
Transparency for both the American people and the people of DHS 
will bring enhanced capabilities and results. The Committee 
charges the Department to better assess its needs and 
demonstrate its effectiveness through data and metrics. To that 
end, this bill and report include specific direction to track 
progress, justify resource needs, identify gaps, and assess 
effectiveness, particularly in the areas of border security and 
immigration enforcement.

                        BILL FUNDING PRIORITIES

    First and foremost, the bill recommends the funds necessary 
to support the personnel who are anticipated to be on board in 
fiscal year 2017 and the critical missions those personnel 
perform. While the Department continues to request exponential 
growth in salaries and benefits funds, the Committee has 
closely examined its actual results in terms of hiring and 
attrition and worked with the Department to include realistic 
funding for personnel in this bill. The remaining funds are 
then invested into technology and assets to enhance DHS' 
capabilities to meet mission needs. The Committee is concerned 
that personnel costs continue to push out investments that 
would enable more efficient and effective operations. For that 
reason, the Committee continues to press the Department for 
analysis on the right balance of people, technology, and 
infrastructure to support its operations. Further, the 
Committee encourages DHS to seek technology solutions that will 
act as force-multipliers and automate more manual functions 
using people to carry out the activities for which they are 
essential.
    Among the most critical missions, the Committee recommends 
increases above the fiscal year 2016 level for aviation 
security, cybersecurity, border security, and immigration 
enforcement. Additionally, the Committee continues its strong 
support for preparedness grants within the Federal Emergency 
Management Agency [FEMA] to provide for capabilities at the 
State and local level that make our country safer, despite the 
administration's proposed reduction of 35 percent for such 
programs.
    For aviation security, the recommended level includes funds 
above the request to continue the Congress' commitment to the 
safety and security of the traveling public. The Congress has 
consistently pressed the Transportation Security Administration 
[TSA] to consider technology advancements and appropriate 
staffing levels for the mission since TSA's establishment. The 
OIG covert testing, audits, and reviews validated concerns 
raised by the Committee and others that perhaps TSA had gone 
too far in extending screening benefits via programs such as 
Managed Inclusion-2 with no commensurate security gain and 
hastily assumed efficiencies. As a result, the fiscal year 2016 
appropriation provided for all of the new administrator's 
initiatives, from centralized training to increasing staffing 
levels by over 600 personnel, all outside the budget request. 
Further, the Committee has already approved a reprogramming 
submission for TSA of $34,000,000 to fund additional overtime 
in fiscal year 2016 and accelerate the hiring of 768 officers. 
The aviation community has also stepped up to support TSA and 
get through what will be a challenging summer.
    In considering the fiscal year 2017 budget, the Committee 
again has received a number of requests and changes from TSA 
outside the budget request. TSA drastically underestimated 
passenger volumes, which in the near-term can only be mitigated 
with additional personnel and expedited passenger screening. 
The Committee has again provided for these personnel but 
remains concerned about TSA's ability to grow its expedited 
screening population through PreCheck and other programs. At 
the same time, the budget request assumes $880,000,000 in fee 
revenues that will not be available in fiscal year 2017. This 
set of circumstances imposes a significant burden on the 
Committee.
    In response to security concerns made apparent most 
recently in Brussels, Sharm el Sheikh, and Mogadishu, the 
Committee has put together a comprehensive package within TSA's 
budget aimed at all of TSA's layers of security, from 
increasing personnel and passenger screening canines at the 
checkpoint, to fully funding intelligence and pre-screening 
activities, as well as fully resourcing our last layers of 
defense in the Federal Air Marshal Service and Federal Flight 
Deck Officer program. Funding also provides TSA the ability to 
support airport security overall, with resources for additional 
Explosive Trace Detection [ETD] systems and canines for State 
and local law enforcement. This includes:
  --1,344 personnel to mitigate wait times, doubling the 
        increase from fiscal year 2016;
  --50 new canine teams, including both Passenger Screening 
        Canines to increase the expedited population and State 
        and local dog teams to secure the rest of the airport 
        and supplement TSA, and the associated logistics and 
        support costs for these teams;
  --New ETD systems to increase the overall fleet;
  --Investing in the ``Next Carry-On Baggage X-Ray'' with funds 
        for research and development [R&D;] and an initial 
        procurement;
  --Investing in the Innovation Task Force in support of 
        additional technology pilots in fiscal year 2017 and to 
        find new ways to increase passenger throughput 
        particularly in locations where the space available for 
        the checkpoint is limited;
  --An increase in support for the Federal Flight Deck Officer 
        Program;
  --Full funding for the Federal Air Marshal Service;
  --$178,945,000 above fiscal year 2016 enacted for Aviation 
        Security net and $957,575,000 above the request, 
        considering the $880,000,000 the request assumed in 
        additional fee revenue; and
  --$214,512,000 above enacted for all of TSA.
    Cybersecurity, the second priority in this bill, will 
persist as a complex and challenging threat--one that our 
Nation struggles to address even while the perpetrators 
continue to advance. To that end, the Committee recommends 
$1,529,064,000, $182,063,000 above the amount provided in 
fiscal year 2016, across DHS for cybersecurity efforts. The 
Department shall continue leading the way as an ``early 
adopter'' when it comes to deploying cybersecurity measures, 
given its responsibility through the National Protection and 
Program Directorate [NPPD] for cybersecurity across civilian 
government agencies. The recommended level includes cyber-
investigations and cyber-training conducted by the Secret 
Service. Through the Secret Service, the Department is not only 
conducting extensive cyber-crime investigations, but is 
training State and local law enforcement in computer forensics 
which bolsters their Electronic Crimes Task Forces across the 
country.
    Through NPPD, DHS helps secure Federal networks by 
providing overarching services, capabilities, and best 
practices that are deployed across agencies' information 
technology [IT] infrastructure. The Committee includes 
$1,004,901,000, $186,152,000 above the amount provided in 
fiscal year 2016, for these activities within NPPD, and 
supports programs specifically aimed at protecting civilian, 
Federal, and State networks. These funds are in addition to 
funds that Federal departments and agencies, including DHS, 
invest in protecting and upgrading their own systems. Of note, 
the recommendation includes:
  --$117,042,000, an increase of $22,557,000 above fiscal year 
        2016, for the U.S. Computer Emergency Readiness Team to 
        assist government agencies and private sector companies 
        in protecting their IT systems against emerging cyber 
        threats, vulnerabilities, and incidents;
  --An additional $145,488,000 above fiscal year 2016 for a 
        total of $281,543,000 for Federal Network Security, 
        which includes continuous diagnostics and mitigation 
        for the civilian Federal computer network to detect 
        malicious activity on government networks; and
  --$480,489,000, an increase of $4,667,000 above fiscal year 
        2016, for Network Security Deployment which includes 
        the Einstein suite of programs to provide intrusion 
        prevention, information sharing, and analytic 
        capabilities across Federal civilian departments and 
        agencies to enhance protection from cyber threats.
    With respect to border security, the Committee includes 
total appropriations of $11,182,441,000 for U.S. Customs and 
Border Protection [CBP] toward the right mix of people, 
technology, and infrastructure. As CBP works to validate the 
level of staffing necessary to perform the mission, the 
Committee continues to press for 21,370 Border Patrol agents, 
23,775 CBP officers, and 1,054 pilots and marine operators to 
patrol and protect our borders. The bill supports:
  --Border security technology enhancements, including tactical 
        communications equipment, mobile surveillance assets, 
        cameras, surveillance radars, laser illuminators, 
        ground sensors, increased reuse of Department of 
        Defense [DOD] equipment, integrated fixed towers, 
        relocatable towers, and low-level airborne surveillance 
        systems (aerostats);
  --Border security infrastructure investments, including 
        $20,000,000 above the request for maintenance of border 
        roads and fencing;
  --96,000 flight hours, procurement of three additional multi-
        role enforcement aircraft, five replacement 
        helicopters, UH-60 Black Hawk recapitalization, and 
        unmanned aerial systems [UAS] operations, including 
        funds to standardize and modernize the UAS fleet;
  --Technology improvements to CBP's IT backbone to support 
        more than 60,000 CBP personnel, as well as enhancements 
        to advanced targeting systems and those facilitating 
        commerce; and
  --CBP hiring process enhancements to ensure frontline staff 
        are properly vetted, hired timely, and placed where 
        they are needed.
    As an extension of our border security needs, the Coast 
Guard's vessel and air fleets continue to be vital. As such, 
the Committee continues essential recapitalization funding to 
support long lead time materials [LLTM] for a tenth National 
Security Cutter, LLTM for the first Offshore Patrol Cutter, six 
additional Fast Response Cutters, small boats, UAS R&D; efforts, 
and shore infrastructure, as well as vessel and aircraft 
operations and maintenance.
    Immigration enforcement efforts go hand-in-hand with border 
security. The Committee continues its commitment to maintaining 
34,000 detention beds to support enforcement and removal 
operations and keep our communities safe. Unfortunately, the 
budget again proposes significant reductions to bed capacity 
which are below even the level at which U.S. Immigration and 
Customs Enforcement [ICE] is operating. The recommended level 
of $5,963,984,000 for ICE, which is $131,943,000 above fiscal 
year 2016 enacted, includes funds to sustain recent growth in 
the Visa Security Program and mobile criminal alien enforcement 
teams, and continues robust funding for priorities including 
visa overstay and human trafficking enforcement. The Committee 
staunchly supports enforcement of our Nation's immigration 
laws.
    Finally, the Committee rejects the $559,000,000 reduction 
to State and Local Programs within FEMA as proposed in the 
request. Since before September 11th, this Nation made a 
concerted effort to support the preparedness efforts of State 
and local governments, and the Committee reemphasizes this 
commitment by maintaining grant programs at fiscal year 2016 
levels. The grant programs provide funding to State, local, 
tribal, and territorial governments, as well as transportation 
authorities, nonprofit organizations, and the private sector, 
to improve the Nation's readiness in preventing, protecting 
against, responding to, recovering from and mitigating 
terrorist attacks, major disasters, and other emergencies. FEMA 
continues working with grantees on State Preparedness Reports 
and the Threat Hazard Identification and Risk Assessment. Both 
these efforts move us closer to applying robust metrics to 
quantify the return on investment of these critical programs.

                               References

    This report refers to several Public Laws by short title as 
follows: the Budget Control Act of 2011, Public Law 112-25, is 
referenced as the BCA; Implementing Recommendations of the 9/11 
Commission Act of 2007, Public Law 110-53, is referenced as the 
9/11 Act; and the Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief and 
Emergency Assistance Act, Public Law 93-288, is referenced as 
the Stafford Act.
    Any reference in this report to the Secretary shall be 
interpreted to mean the Secretary of Homeland Security.
    Any reference to the Department or DHS shall be interpreted 
to mean the Department of Homeland Security.
    Any reference in this report to a departmental component 
shall be interpreted to mean directorates, components, offices, 
or other organizations in the Department of Homeland Security.
    Any reference to FTE shall mean full-time equivalents.
    Any reference to PPA shall mean program, project, and 
activity.
    Any reference to HSPD shall mean Homeland Security 
Presidential Directive.
    Any reference to GAO shall mean the Government 
Accountability Office.
    Any reference to OIG shall mean the Office of Inspector 
General of the Department of Homeland Security.

                    DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY

                                TITLE I

                 DEPARTMENTAL MANAGEMENT AND OPERATIONS

            Office of the Secretary and Executive Management

Appropriations, 2016....................................    $137,466,000
Budget estimate, 2017...................................     136,451,000
Committee recommendation................................     136,081,000

    The Office of the Secretary and Executive Management 
supports the Department by providing direction, management, and 
policy guidance to operating components. The specific 
activities funded by this account include: the Immediate Office 
of the Secretary; the Immediate Office of the Deputy Secretary; 
the Office of the Chief of Staff; the Executive Secretary; the 
Office of Policy; the Office of Public Affairs; the Office of 
Legislative Affairs; the Office of Partnership and Engagement; 
the Office of General Counsel; the Office for Civil Rights and 
Civil Liberties; the Citizenship and Immigration Services 
Ombudsman; and the Privacy Officer.

                        COMMITTEE RECOMMENDATION

    The Committee recommends $136,081,000 for the Office of the 
Secretary and Executive Management. This is $370,000 below the 
amount requested and $1,385,000 below the amount provided in 
fiscal year 2016. Of this amount, the Committee recommends not 
to exceed $45,000 for official reception and representation 
expenses. The recommended level in this account reflects funds 
in the Office of Policy requested for a new Chemical, 
Biological, Radiological, Nuclear, and Explosives [CBRNE] 
Office that is not yet authorized by the Congress. In addition, 
$600,000 above the request is included in the Office of Policy 
for data experts required by the Office of Immigration 
Statistics [OIS].
    The Department shall continue to submit quarterly 
obligation reports to the Committee for all DHS reception and 
representation expenses as required in prior years. The 
Department shall refrain from using funds available for 
reception and representation to purchase unnecessary 
collectibles or memorabilia.
    The Committee expects the Department to provide complete 
justification materials with the fiscal year 2018 budget 
request, including expenditure plan data for the offices within 
this account.
    The following table summarizes the Committee's 
recommendations as compared to the fiscal year 2016 and budget 
request levels:

                                OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY AND EXECUTIVE MANAGEMENT
                                            [In thousands of dollars]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                            Fiscal year 2016  Fiscal year 2017      Committee
                                                                 enacted       budget request    recommendations
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Immediate Office of the Secretary.........................             8,922            12,428            12,378
Immediate Office of the Deputy Secretary..................             1,748             1,734             1,734
Office of the Chief of Staff..............................             2,696             2,644             2,634
Executive Secretary.......................................             5,601             5,481             5,441
Office of Policy..........................................            39,077            37,049            37,129
Office of Public Affairs..................................             5,472             5,384             5,384
Office of Legislative Affairs.............................             5,363             5,287             5,287
Office of Partnership and Engagement......................            13,074            11,692            11,592
Office of General Counsel.................................            19,472            19,298            19,248
Office for Civil Rights and Civil Liberties...............            21,800            21,403            21,203
Citizenship and Immigration Services Ombudsman............             6,272             6,200             6,200
Privacy Officer...........................................             7,969             7,851             7,851
                                                           -----------------------------------------------------
      Total, Office of the Secretary and Executive                   137,466           136,451           136,081
       Management.........................................
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

                        BORDER SECURITY METRICS

    The bill includes language requiring publication of border 
security metrics on the Department's Web site, subject to a 
withholding of $13,000,000 from obligation for the Office of 
the Secretary and Executive Management. Despite substantial 
interest over the years, there are no reliable measures of 
border security effectiveness available to the public. Several 
attempts at this effort have been made, both by the Department 
and by the academic community, but the efforts either were not 
grounded in data or fell flat given political pressures. The 
Department has failed to produce reliable measures, even as the 
Congress continued to provide strong direction regarding 
development of these measures, including direction from this 
Committee in Senate Report 114-68 and from the Committees on 
Appropriations in the explanatory statement accompanying Public 
Law 114-113.
    Over the past 2 years, the Secretary has directed a 
rigorous initiative to improve data inputs, develop models, 
conduct peer reviews of methodology, and establish measures 
that are statistically-valid and repeatable. With the change of 
administration next year, fiscal year 2017 is the time to 
release these measures so they can inform the public discourse 
on border security for the future.
    Additionally, the Congress has consistently invested in 
border security capabilities as a major priority. Yet, the 
Committee has been frustrated by the lack of a strategy for 
assessing the results of these investments, as metrics and the 
anticipated results from proposed spending should be at the 
foundation of efforts prioritizing future investments. The 
Department is conducting a ``winter study'' on this topic while 
it is also, at long delay, producing an integrated plan for 
intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance assets. The 
Committee directs the Department to brief on these efforts not 
later than 30 days after the date of enactment of this act.

               PUBLIC REPORTING OF OPERATIONAL STATISTICS

    The Committee continues its requirement that the Department 
submit quarterly Border Security Status reports and data on the 
deportation of parents of U.S.-born children semiannually, as 
in prior years. Unfortunately, because of the Department's 
failure to make progress in public reporting of operational 
statistics, the Committee must continue a number of briefing 
and reporting requirements that it would otherwise eliminate as 
seen throughout this report. As part of its regular updates to 
the Committee, OIS shall provide a plan for public reporting of 
statistics and data. OIS is encouraged to review the 
requirements throughout this report for the border security and 
immigration operations data that the Congress is seeking and 
that should be addressed in this plan. The recommended level 
for the Office of Policy includes additional staff to achieve 
the public reporting plan. In addition, the Office of the Chief 
Information Officer [OCIO] is funded to provide software and 
hardware support as necessary.
    Over the years, the Committee has provided strong direction 
regarding the need for regular, consistent, and reliable public 
reporting of border security and immigration operations. The 
Committee appreciates the Secretary's interest in this issue 
and the renewed investment in OIS, but is disappointed with the 
slow progress. For that reason, the Committee reiterates 
language in Senate Report 114-68 regarding expectations for, at 
a minimum, the collection and reporting of the following 
measurements or estimates based on the best available data 
collected within the Department and its component agencies and 
based on fully explained methodologies:
  --annual estimates of the total number of unauthorized 
        immigrants in the United States;
  --annual estimates of the total number of unauthorized 
        entries by foreign nationals during the previous year 
        including the following specific sub-estimates: 
        estimates of the number of unauthorized entries by 
        foreign nationals at other than authorized ports of 
        entry [POEs] to the United States and estimates of the 
        number of unauthorized entries by foreign nationals 
        made through the authorized POEs to the United States 
        (either by fraud, false claims, or via concealment or 
        evasion of inspection);
  --annual estimates of the number of new visa overstays in the 
        United States during the year;
  --annual reporting of the total number of unauthorized 
        immigrants removed from the United States including the 
        following specific information: the number of 
        individuals apprehended at the border, at border 
        checkpoints, or at POEs who are subsequently removed; 
        the number of individuals apprehended in the interior 
        of the United States and subsequently removed; and the 
        number of individuals who depart the United States 
        pursuant to: a final order of formal removal from an 
        immigration judge; an administrative removal due to an 
        aggravated felony; an expedited removal under the 
        authority of CBP or ICE; reinstatement of a previous 
        removal order; stipulated removal pursuant to 
        proceedings before an immigration court; voluntary 
        return without a formal removal order (either expedited 
        or administrative); voluntary departure permitted under 
        the order of an immigration judge; or other means of 
        departure (with description of the legal or 
        administrative authority under which the departure was 
        effected); for each of the preceding categories, where 
        possible, the data shall be delineated by nationality, 
        gender, family unit, unaccompanied alien children, 
        priority, and other attributes such as gang affiliation 
        and criminal level;
  --number of formerly unauthorized immigrants who are adjusted 
        to or granted legal status under any of the following: 
        adjustment or change of status under provisions of the 
        Immigration and Nationality Act, including details on 
        the provision of law under which the adjustment or 
        change was granted; grant of administrative discretion 
        under Temporary Protected Status, deferred action or 
        any other administrative relief, including the number 
        granted work authorization based on such discretion 
        granted; or grant of status or relief from removal 
        pursuant to an order of an immigration judge, or 
        pursuant to an agreement between the parties in 
        immigration court;
  --estimates of the number of unauthorized immigrants who have 
        departed the United States on their own accord, without 
        any intervention or encounter with immigration 
        authorities; and
  --estimates of the number of unauthorized immigrants who have 
        died during the past year in the United States.
    Where appropriate, the Department shall continue to work 
with other agencies, particularly the Office of Refugee 
Resettlement of the Department of Health and Human Services and 
the Department of Justice Executive Office for Immigration 
Review to ensure that authoritative data sources are utilized.

                                  EXIT

    The Congress has made clear its priority that the 
Department implement biometric exit. Unfortunately, the 
Comprehensive Biometric Entry/Exit Plan submitted to the 
Congress, as required by Public Laws 113-76 and 114-4, did not 
clearly articulate resources needed or the schedule by which 
DHS would move forward. In the meantime, Public Law 114-113 
provided a dedicated funding stream for exit implementation 
through changes to H-1B and L-1 visa fees, revenue that United 
States Citizenship and Immigration Services [USCIS] is already 
collecting for CBP use.
    Before this Committee on February 24, 2016, the Secretary 
set a timetable by stating categorically more than once, ``we 
want to begin implementing this as soon as 2018 at airports, 
biometric exit . . . I believe this deadline will be met.'' As 
such, the Department is directed to provide a spend plan for 
the H-1B and L-1 fees and other resources being applied to exit 
implementation in fiscal years 2016 and 2017 not later than 30 
days after the date of enactment of this act.
    The Committee understands that shared U.S.-Mexico entry and 
exit data exchange programs are not yet in place due primarily 
to the lack of border infrastructure in Mexico. The Committee 
encourages the Secretary to continue emphasizing the importance 
of joint infrastructure that can support entry and exit data 
exchange with the Government of Mexico in the future. The 
Committee further directs the Department to brief the Committee 
within 180 days of the date of enactment of this act detailing 
ongoing efforts to address entry and exit data collection in 
the land border environment.

                             VISA OVERSTAYS

    Pursuant to 8 U.S.C. 1376, the Department is required to 
collect data on nonimmigrant aliens who have overstayed their 
visas and report annual estimates to the Congress. For the 
first time, perhaps ever, the Department provided a report 
covering nonimmigrant visitors who entered the United States 
for business or pleasure through air and sea POEs for fiscal 
years 2014 and 2015. The Committee appreciates this initial 
effort, but notes that the report did not cover the entirety of 
the required population largely due to data challenges. While 
biometric exit remains a top priority for the Congress, those 
data challenges demonstrate that determining immigration status 
of those who have not departed the United States involves a 
myriad of biographic data systems that are not linked 
adequately and fail to operate in a person-centric fashion.
    The Department has committed to enhancing the information 
provided in its overstay report for fiscal year 2016 and is 
aware of congressional interest in overstay data for students 
and temporary workers. In this bill and report, the Committee 
continues to make investments in immigration data improvements 
and in underlying IT capabilities that shall be applied to 
enhance information for operations, management needs, and the 
next overstay report. Specifically related to students, the 
Committee is aware that ICE has not obligated all the funds 
available for the Student and Exchange Visitor Program, which 
is discussed later in this report, and these funds could be 
applied to support overstay reporting.
    While the Committee continues to expect that the Department 
will provide the report on an annual basis, the bill again 
includes language directing submission of the overstay report 
and withholding $13,000,000 from obligation for the Office of 
the Secretary and Executive Management until this report has 
been submitted.
    Moreover, the Committee also continues $10,000,000 in 
funding dedicated to ICE enforcement efforts related to visa 
overstays. In addition, the Department shall submit a report 
outlining its comprehensive strategy for overstay enforcement 
and deterrence not later than 180 days after the date of 
enactment of this act. The report shall detail the steps being 
taken to identify aliens who have overstayed their visas, 
including those necessary to improve the capabilities to report 
such information; notify aliens of their required departure 
dates in advance; track such overstays for enforcement action; 
refuse or revoke current and future visas and travel 
authorization; and otherwise deter violations or take 
enforcement action. The report shall also outline the 
conditions under which an alien is admitted to the United 
States for ``duration of status'' and assess changes to such 
admission, since the required departure requirement is vague 
and complicates enforcement.

          VISA POLICY RESPONSIBILITIES AND VISA WAIVER PROGRAM

    With the creation of DHS, the Secretary was granted visa 
policy responsibility, including the authority to refuse and 
revoke visas. Working with the Department of State, DHS has 
instituted changes to increase the security of the visa 
issuance process over the years, including as required by acts 
of Congress. However, the Secretary has not delegated visa 
refusal and revocation authorities to appropriate DHS 
components to the Committee's knowledge. Therefore, the 
Department is directed to consider delegation of these 
authorities, assess any resulting benefits such as to national 
security or to streamlining procedures, and brief the Committee 
not later than 120 days after the date of enactment of this act 
on its assessment.
    Given the current threat environment, concerns remain 
regarding the Visa Waiver Program [VWP]. While significant 
security enhancements have been added in recent years, the 
Department has acknowledged that countries are in varying 
stages of implementation particularly when it comes to 
information sharing requirements. For that reason, the 
Committee directs the Department to update the Committee not 
later than 120 days after the date of enactment of this act on 
the country reviews conducted, compliance levels with 
requirements, and capabilities for and extent of information 
sharing as required under the VWP.

               COOPERATION WITH CENTRAL AMERICAN NATIONS

    Given the continued historic rate of illegal aliens from 
Guatemala, El Salvador, and Honduras coming to the United 
States, the efforts of the Government of Mexico in enforcing 
its southern border remain critical. It is also imperative that 
both the United States and Mexico continue working with these 
Central American nations to improve their civil law enforcement 
capabilities, including the sharing of criminal history 
information, prior orders of removal, and immigration 
enforcement actions. The Committee recognizes ICE's Criminal 
History Information Sharing [CHIS] agreements with El Salvador, 
Guatemala, Honduras, the Dominican Republic, Jamaica, and the 
Bahamas, as well as their plans to formalize arrangements with 
several more nations. Further, ICE is working with the Federal 
Bureau of Investigation's Criminal Justice Information System 
Advisory Board to increase the number of conviction codes that 
are shared between nations, an important step in improving the 
CHIS program and protecting national security.
    The Committee notes that ICE continues to find success 
through its Biometric Identification Transnational Migration 
Alert Program that involves biometric data collection from 
special interest aliens, violent criminals, fugitives, and 
confirmed or suspected terrorists encountered by foreign law 
enforcement and military personnel. The Department, in 
conjunction with appropriate partner agencies, shall brief the 
Committee not later than 90 days after the date of enactment of 
this act on these critical information sharing efforts.

                      COUNTERING VIOLENT EXTREMISM

    Consistent with the request, the recommended level for the 
Immediate Office of the Secretary includes funds for the Office 
of Community Partnerships [OCP] that was created last year and 
funded in the Office of Partnership and Engagement. The mission 
of OCP is to build community partnerships necessary to support 
efforts for countering violent extremism [CVE]. In some 
communities, there is a sense of urgency to expand current CVE 
efforts. At the same time, other communities are struggling 
with how to approach the issue. OCP provides expertise and 
support to all these communities, and as such, their outreach 
as part of a whole-of-government approach is critical.
    To make progress in CVE, the Congress provided $10,000,000 
in fiscal year 2016 to help States and local communities 
prepare for, prevent, and respond to emergent threats from 
violent extremism. An additional $50,000,000 is recommended for 
fiscal year 2017. The Committee expects the Department to award 
these funds expeditiously and smartly by funding different 
approaches and projects and assessing each effort's 
effectiveness in CVE. Given the sensitivities around these 
issues and the need to implement programs appropriately, the 
funds are available for 2 years. DHS shall keep the Committee 
apprised of its CVE efforts.

                   STRENGTHENING DHS UNITY OF EFFORT

    While the Committee commends the Secretary's continued 
focus on integrating and strengthening the Department's 
planning, policy, management, and operations processes, unity 
of effort will only be achieved where components are engaged 
and realize value. The Department shall brief the Committee on 
its goals and achievements related to unity of effort, 
including measures of component buy-in and value provided, not 
later than 30 days after the date of enactment of this act. 
Further, the Department is seeking legislative authority to 
codify many initiatives under unity of effort. One particular 
initiative, a joint duty training and assignment program, has 
not been launched because it is awaiting congressional action. 
In its unity of effort briefing, the Department shall provide 
information as to why such an effort cannot be undertaken 
without new authorizing legislation.
    The Committee continues to support the Department's efforts 
to reinstitute a joint requirements process that will provide 
greater oversight of major acquisitions. At the same time, the 
Department's inability to communicate progress in and results 
of this process is disappointing. Funding provided in fiscal 
year 2016 is continued under the Immediate Office of the 
Secretary for the Joint Requirements Council [JRC]. The 
Committee directs the Department to provide regular updates on 
the decisions and reviews conducted by the JRC and the results 
of those activities.

                             BLUE CAMPAIGN

    More than 5 years ago, the Department launched the Blue 
Campaign as an umbrella for the many activities components had 
undertaken to counter the heinous crime of human trafficking. 
DHS components, particularly the Federal Law Enforcement 
Training Center [FLETC], ICE, and CBP, have provided training 
to Federal human trafficking task forces, more than 10,000 
State, local, and campus law enforcement professionals, over 
2,000 foreign law enforcement partners, and approximately 
50,000 airline employees. The recommended funding level for the 
Office of Partnership and Engagement includes the $819,000 
requested to institutionalize the program management of the 
Blue Campaign.

                        INSPECTOR GENERAL ACCESS

    The Committee appreciates the leadership demonstrated by 
the Secretary and the Department's management team in ensuring 
full cooperation with OIG. Across the executive branch, the 
cooperation level is not as robust as it should be, as is 
required by law, nor as robust as it is at DHS. But as a 
reminder and given the change of administration that will come 
during fiscal year 2017, the Committee reiterates that the law 
requires OIG have ``full and prompt access to all documents''.
    Pursuant to section 739 of division E of Public Law 114-113 
and prior appropriations Acts, the Department must submit 
reports to OIG regarding certain conference spending. To 
facilitate OIG's reporting to this Committee, the Department 
shall submit its annual report to OIG not later than 45 days 
after the end of the fiscal year.

               PUBLIC ACCESS TO FEDERALLY FUNDED RESEARCH

    The Committee is disappointed that DHS has not yet 
completed its plan to provide public access to its federally 
funded research in accordance with the guidance issued by the 
Office of Science and Technology Policy [OSTP]. While progress 
has been made in selecting a repository to use, DHS through the 
Science and Technology Directorate [S&T;] continues to gather 
requirements from components across the Department that fund 
work that results in publication. The Committee expects to be 
kept informed of the progress being made to implement the OSTP 
guidance and to be notified once OSTP approves the DHS plan.

                        TRANSPARENCY REQUIREMENT

    The Committee is aware that the Department uses resources 
for advertising purposes. As such, the Committee directs the 
Department and its components to state within the text, audio, 
or video used for new advertising purposes, including 
advertising and posting on the Internet, that the 
advertisements are printed, published, or produced and 
disseminated at U.S. taxpayer expense. The Department and its 
components may exempt any such advertisements from this 
requirement if it creates an adverse impact on safety or 
security, or impedes the ability of these agencies to carry out 
their statutory authority.

                          WILDLIFE TRAFFICKING

    As previously discussed in Senate Reports 113-198 and 114-
68, the Committee is concerned about the sharp increase in 
illegal international trade in wildlife and wildlife products 
and expects DHS to work in partnership with the U.S. Fish and 
Wildlife Service to improve their cooperative efforts to better 
address wildlife trafficking. The Committee remains frustrated 
that the Department has failed to produce specific reports on 
these activities as required in Senate Report 113-198 and in 
the explanatory statement accompanying Public Law 114-113. 
These reports should be provided to the Committee 
expeditiously. A similar report for fiscal year 2017 should be 
provided not later than 45 days after the close of the fiscal 
year.

                                REAL ID

    The Committee supports the Department's continued effort to 
implement the REAL ID program. Improving the security of U.S. 
identification will have a positive impact on security in many 
facets of our lives. The Committee also strongly supports the 
continued use of the law's extension provision, which gives the 
Secretary discretion to grant States additional time to meet 
the required minimum standards if the State provides adequate 
justification for noncompliance. States should have the 
opportunity to consider and debate methods of compliance 
consistent with their individual values and traditions, without 
sanction.

   USE OF INTERNATIONAL MOBILE SUBSCRIBER IDENTITY CATCHER TECHNOLOGY

    The Committee directs the Department, including all of its 
agencies, to report to the appropriate congressional 
committees, within 180 days of the of the date enactment of 
this act, with the number of times International Mobile 
Subscriber Identity [IMSI] Catchers and similar surveillance 
technology devices have been deployed, how many individuals 
have been apprehended using IMSI Catchers and related 
technologies, and how many times IMSI Catchers and related 
technologies have been utilized to gather evidence relevant to 
a case against any apprehended individuals.

                        STATE POLICE CRIME LABS

    The Department's investigative and security components lead 
many of the Federal Government's counternarcotics and law 
enforcement efforts. The collective work of CBP, ICE, Coast 
Guard, and Secret Service includes investigations and 
operations in communities large and small across our Nation. As 
a result, the Department often works closely with and shares 
capabilities among State, local, tribal, and foreign law 
enforcement agencies, including State police crime labs. These 
labs provide the Department with a number of critical 
capabilities, including fingerprint, drug, and cell phone 
analysis. Likewise, these DHS components provide many of the 
same services to State, local, tribal, and foreign law 
enforcement agencies.
    Coordination among Federal and State law enforcement 
agencies not only ensures efficient use of resources, it also 
improves public safety outcomes. To that end, the Department 
should continue to work with State crime labs where available, 
particularly in areas not served by DHS labs or other similar 
Federal facilities. The Department should also continue to 
provide whatever assistance is appropriate to State police 
crime labs to ensure Federal requirements do not burden State 
resources. Moreover, for areas where the Department frequently 
relies on State crime labs, additional support may be 
appropriate to prevent the accumulation of backlogs that can 
slow Federal and State investigations. DHS shall report 
annually on its use of and partnerships with State crime labs, 
including the funds associated with such partnerships, and 
should fully reimburse State crime labs for any services they 
provide.

                        SERVICE LEVEL STANDARDS

    To the millions of people traveling every day, TSA and CBP 
are the face of DHS and of the Federal Government. It is 
critical for DHS to provide for the security of the traveling 
public while facilitating their efficient movement through the 
aviation system. Unfortunately, TSA and CBP have both faced 
challenges in managing passenger throughput, challenges that 
have been compounded by inadequate communication with airports, 
airlines, other stakeholders, and the traveling public about 
what service levels they can expect. The Department should be 
held to consistent, quantifiable, and transparent metrics which 
measure service levels for these components. As such, the 
Committee directs that the Department, in close cooperation 
with the airports, airlines, and other appropriate 
stakeholders, develop standard service levels to be shared with 
key stakeholders. The Committee notes that TSA has the Aviation 
Security Advisory Committee which is an appropriate body to 
represent the industry on the standard service levels 
development. These standards must ensure the safety and 
security of the traveling public and should consider factors 
such as wait times and passenger satisfaction as well as agency 
responsiveness to electronic inquiries. Once established, the 
Department shall ensure staffing and processes are adequate to 
meet or exceed the standards, regularly and systematically 
measure performance, including by customer survey, and ensure 
that standards not sensitive for security purposes are made 
public so that travelers can hold the Department accountable 
for meeting the standards.

              Office of the Under Secretary for Management

Appropriations, 2016....................................    $196,810,000
Budget estimate, 2017...................................     231,975,000
Committee recommendation................................     225,875,000

    The Under Secretary for Management oversees management and 
operations of the Department, including procurement and 
acquisition, human capital, and property management. The 
specific activities funded by this account include the 
Immediate Office of the Under Secretary for Management, the 
Office of the Chief Security Officer, the Office of the Chief 
Procurement Officer [OCPO], the Office of Program 
Accountability and Risk Management [PARM], the Office of the 
Chief Human Capital Officer [OCHCO], and the Office of the 
Chief Readiness Support Officer.

                        COMMITTEE RECOMMENDATION

    The Committee recommends $225,875,000 for the Under 
Secretary for Management. This is $6,100,000 below the amount 
requested and $29,065,000 above the amount provided in fiscal 
year 2016. The increase over fiscal year 2016 is largely 
associated with consolidation of personnel costs previously 
paid through the Working Capital Fund for procurement and human 
capital services. The Committee supports the Department's 
initiative to bring greater transparency to the cost of 
management operations and to eliminate an inefficient, circular 
reimbursement process. Of this amount, the Committee recommends 
not to exceed $2,000 for official reception and representation 
expenses.
    The recommendation provides $36,447,000 for OCHCO, the same 
level as requested and $4,471,000 above the fiscal year 2016 
enacted level. The Human Resources Information Technology 
Program is transferred to OCIO, as requested.
    The bill continues the requirement for submission of a 
Comprehensive Acquisition Status Report in the President's 
fiscal year 2018 budget with quarterly updates to be submitted 
45 days after the completion of each quarter. The requirements 
for the reports are described in House Report 112-331.
    The following table summarizes the Committee's 
recommendations as compared to the fiscal year 2016 and budget 
request levels:

                                  OFFICE OF THE UNDER SECRETARY FOR MANAGEMENT
                                            [In thousands of dollars]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                            Fiscal year 2016  Fiscal year 2017      Committee
                                                                 enacted       budget request    recommendations
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Immediate Office of the Under Secretary for Management....             3,393             3,758             3,658
Office of the Chief Security Officer......................            69,120            61,723            60,723
Office of the Chief Procurement Officer...................            60,630           101,452            96,952
 
Office of the Chief Human Capital Officer:
    Salaries and Expenses.................................            24,198            36,447            36,447
    Human Resources Information Technology................             7,778  ................  ................
 
Office of the Chief Readiness Support Officer:
    Salaries and expenses.................................            27,235            25,664            25,164
    Nebraska Avenue Complex...............................             4,456             2,931             2,931
                                                           -----------------------------------------------------
      Total, Office of the Under Secretary for Management.           196,810           231,975           225,875
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

                         PROCUREMENT PROCESSES

    In Senate Reports 113-198 and 114-68, the Department 
received direction to outline each step of its procurement 
processes, including the personnel responsible for each step, 
and set expectations for the time each step should take. The 
goal is to improve transparency for everyone involved in the 
processes and facilitate timely, effective acquisitions and 
procurements that meet mission needs.
    OCPO and PARM have made significant progress in this area 
through their development of procurement action lead times and 
acquisition program health assessments. The Committee believes 
both of these efforts, particularly as they mature, will be 
effective management tools to evaluate performance, identify 
any issues, and fix problems along the way. The Department 
shall brief the Committee not later than 120 days after the 
date of enactment of this act on its continued efforts to 
ensure effective, efficient, and transparent procurement 
processes and program management.
    Further, the Committee commends OCPO for its initiatives to 
engage industry and the entire acquisition community within the 
Department to improve the way DHS does business. Rather than 
counting the number of industry days DHS holds, OCPO has 
established a robust, focused cycle of roundtables, webinars, 
and training sessions on substantive issues like how to debrief 
vendors post-award, how vendors and the Government approach 
pricing differently, and how to structure contracts for agile 
services. OCPO should include an update on these efforts in the 
briefing required above.

                             HIRING DELAYS

    Hiring, including keeping up with attrition, persists as 
the Department's most daunting management challenge. The lack 
of ability to onboard personnel continues a vicious cycle of 
bloated and unrealistic budget requests; unfilled mission 
needs; poor morale; and higher attrition. Despite significant 
management attention to this issue for the past 2 years, the 
average number of days to hire an employee in a mission 
critical position at DHS went from 254 in fiscal year 2014 to 
266 days in fiscal year 2015. To be sure, cybersecurity 
incidents at the Office of Personnel Management and certain DHS 
contractors contributed to this increase. DHS has made some 
progress in hiring support positions which should help in 
future hiring of mission critical positions.
    Further, the Committee remains convinced that DHS needs 
better insights into its hiring processes, including regular 
monitoring of the time each step takes in the process, so that 
the process is transparent and appropriate officials are held 
accountable. The Committee directs the Department to continue 
working with all its components to develop consistent, 
repeatable metrics on hiring, attrition, and the onboarding 
process. CBP has made great strides in documenting its process, 
identifying chokepoints, attacking inefficiencies, and seeking 
new ways to bring qualified people on board, such as ``hiring 
hubs'' which streamline the hiring process for qualified 
applicants. CBP's multi-pronged approach, starting with the 
collection of relevant metrics, and follow-on efforts should be 
a model to other components. DHS is to brief the Committee not 
later than 60 days after the date of enactment of this act on 
its strategy to decrease the number of days it takes to hire, 
provide quarterly metrics by component, and move toward monthly 
metrics reporting. CBP shall continue monthly reporting.

                         OVERTIME PAY PROPOSALS

    Following a 2013 Office of Special Counsel report detailing 
rampant abuse of administratively uncontrollable overtime 
[AUO], the Department issued a new policy and actions were 
taken across components to de-authorize payment of AUO. This 
issue highlighted a need for overtime pay reform for several 
DHS law enforcement workforces. Unfortunately, the Department 
chose to only pursue reform for Border Patrol through the 
Border Patrol Agent Pay Reform Act [BPAPRA] enacted in 2015, 
leaving other law enforcement components to continue to rely on 
AUO as their primary compensation mechanism for overtime. The 
Department has only recently been working on legislative fixes 
for ICE Enforcement and Removal Operations [ERO] and CBP Air 
and Marine Operations [AMO] staff that, similar to BPAPRA, 
could result in cost savings, provide the workforce more 
certainty in their pay expectations, and help morale. The 
Committee notes that the AMO proposal was transmitted to the 
relevant congressional committees in March, while the ERO 
proposal has not yet been transmitted. The Committee encourages 
DHS to act as one Department when considering significant 
management reform legislation and reminds DHS that all overtime 
systems must be managed appropriately by supervisors.

               ADMINISTRATIVE LEAVE AND LONG-TERM DETAILS

    For the reasons outlined in the explanatory statement 
accompanying Public Law 114-113, the Department shall continue 
providing monthly data on the use of paid administrative leave 
for all periods beyond 1 month. Such information shall also be 
broken down by component. In addition, the Committee is 
interested in understanding the number of long-term detail 
assignments outside an employee's home office or component that 
last longer than 3 years, to include assignments in other 
departments, agencies, and entities. Therefore, the Department 
is directed to provide data regarding long-term detailees not 
later than 120 days after the date of enactment of this act, to 
include a break-down by home office or component, the receiving 
office or component, the grade level of the employees, and the 
authority for such detail. To the extent these details are 
reimbursable or the home office or component is not supporting 
the employee's salary and benefits costs, the data should note 
that fact.

                       HEADQUARTERS CONSOLIDATION

    A general provision is included in the bill providing 
$225,532,000 for costs associated with headquarters and mission 
support consolidation. The bulk of the fiscal year 2017 request 
is for a new FEMA headquarters at St. Elizabeths that is timed 
to address FEMA's lease expirations and will consolidate FEMA's 
current seven locations in Washington, DC. The Under Secretary 
shall submit an expenditure plan not later than 90 days after 
the date of enactment of this act detailing how these funds 
will be allocated, including a revised schedule and cost 
estimates for headquarters consolidation. The Department shall 
notify the Committee within 30 days of any deviation from the 
expenditure plan.
    Additionally, the Committee is aware that half of the 
Department's leased facilities nationwide will be up for re-
competition within the next 5 years. DHS has undertaken an 
effort, now supported by the General Services Administration, 
to approach this opportunity strategically and assess 
opportunities for consolidation and for efficiencies. The 
Department shall keep the Committee apprised of these efforts.

                 Office of the Chief Financial Officer

Appropriations, 2016....................................     $56,420,000
Budget estimate, 2017...................................      58,825,000
Committee recommendation................................      58,425,000

    The Office of the Chief Financial Officer [OCFO] is 
responsible for the fiscal management and financial 
accountability of DHS. OCFO provides guidance and oversight of 
the Department's budget execution while ensuring that funds are 
allocated and expended in accordance with relevant laws and 
policies. This account funds the Budget Division, Office of 
Financial Operations, Office of Program Analysis and 
Evaluation, Office of Financial Management, Resource Management 
Transition Office, the Office of the Government Accountability 
Office/Office of Inspector General Audit Liaison, Cost Analysis 
Division, Risk Management and Assurance, and Workforce 
Development.

                        COMMITTEE RECOMMENDATION

    The Committee recommends $58,425,000 for OCFO. This is 
$400,000 below the amount requested and $2,005,000 above the 
amount provided in fiscal year 2016.
    The recommendation includes $41,215,000 for Financial 
Systems Modernization as a general provision in title V of this 
act, the same level as requested.

                    COMMON APPROPRIATIONS STRUCTURE

    This bill and report recommend funding for DHS in the same 
structure as fiscal year 2016, despite the Department's 
submission of the fiscal year 2017 request in a new ``common'' 
appropriations structure. As proposed, the new structure would 
reduce controls and congressional oversight to a degree that is 
unacceptable to this Committee. It is disappointing that the 
Department failed to address the Committee's concerns before 
transmitting the budget request in this structure.
    At the same time, the Committee continues to believe that 
the goal of following funds from planning through execution is 
critical to departmental oversight of the components as well as 
establishing a capability to make tradeoffs in resource 
allocation and budget development decisions. As such, the 
Committee is willing to undertake the effort necessary, working 
with the Department and the House Committee on Appropriations, 
to transition from the current structure to a more common 
appropriations structure, specifically in common accounts, 
consistent with the guidance provided in fiscal year 2016. 
Under the account level, a structure closer to the current PPAs 
would maintain controls and transparency regarding 
congressional priorities and the offices and officials 
responsible for execution of funds.
    In addition, the Department shall continue aggressively 
instituting financial management policies and procedures, 
particularly as it relates to budget formulation. These 
policies enable a truly common approach to building solid 
budget justifications.

                      ANNUAL BUDGET JUSTIFICATIONS

    The Chief Financial Officer is directed to ensure that 
fiscal year 2018 budget justifications for classified and 
unclassified budgets of all Department components are submitted 
on February 6, 2017, concurrent with the President's budget 
submission to the Congress. The justifications shall include:
  --Detailed data and explanatory descriptions for each 
        appropriations request and for each PPA reflected in 
        the table accompanying this report, including offices 
        that have been identified as PPAs. Information should 
        be presented in quantifiable terms with specific 
        breakdowns of the funding.
  --Tables that compare prior year actual appropriations and 
        obligations, estimates of current year appropriations 
        and obligations, and the projected budget year 
        appropriations and obligations for all PPAs, 
        subprograms, and FTE, including identifying each 
        increase, decrease, transfer, and staffing change 
        proposed in fiscal year 2018.
  --Year-to-year changes described in terms that are clear and 
        unambiguous, excluding nonspecific terms such as 
        ``technical adjustment'' or ``administrative savings'' 
        unless accompanied by a detailed explanation. 
        Explanations of adjustments to base funding, whether 
        increases or decreases, should be specific and compared 
        to prior year activity level not merely the entire PPA 
        level. All requested increases shall be justified with 
        measurable outcomes above the current baseline of 
        activity--if the Department does not have a current 
        measure of such baseline activity, the Department shall 
        establish one before requesting an increase.
  --For investment end items with severable unit costs in 
        excess of $250,000 or a lifecycle cost in excess of 
        $300,000,000, the project description, justification, 
        total cost, and scope; key acquisition milestones from 
        the prior year, year of execution, and budget year; the 
        funding history by fiscal year, to include prior 
        enacted appropriations, obligations, and expenditures; 
        contract information to include contract number, 
        contractor, type, award date, start date, end date, 
        earned value management potential in the contract, and 
        total contract value; significant changes to the prior 
        year enacted budget, project schedule, and estimated 
        time to completion.
  --For severable end items, the quantity of each item by prior 
        years, current year, budget year, and out-year; the 
        quantity of units delivered on contract, funded but not 
        yet on contract, and planned but unfunded; and the 
        delivery schedule by quarter for the end item, 
        delineated by fiscal year funding.
  --Information by appropriations account and PPA on all 
        reimbursable agreements and significant uses of the 
        Economy Act for each fiscal year.
  --An accurate detailed table identifying the last year that 
        authorizing legislation was enacted into law for each 
        appropriation, including the amount of the 
        authorization, when the authorization expires, and the 
        appropriation in the last year of authorization.
  --The text and citation of all Department appropriations 
        provisions enacted to date that are permanent law.
  --Explanations and justifications for all proposed 
        legislative language changes, whether they are new or 
        amend existing law, whether they are substantive or 
        technical in nature, with an annotated comparison of 
        proposed versus existing language.
  --A report on the status of overdue Committee reports, plans, 
        and briefings for each of fiscal years 2016 and 2017.
    Any significant new activity that has not been explicitly 
justified to the Congress or for which funds have not been 
provided in appropriations Acts requires the submission of a 
reprogramming or transfer request during a fiscal year.

                       COMPONENT OBLIGATION PLANS

    The Department shall continue submitting obligation plans 
on a quarterly basis consistent with direction provided in the 
explanatory statement accompanying Public Law 114-113, 
including ensuring that the obligation plans are connected to 
activity-level details in the budget justification materials. 
For fiscal year 2017, the Committee expects these plans to be 
timely given the established routine.

                    FINANCIAL SYSTEMS MODERNIZATION

    The Department has signaled its intent to migrate DHS 
components to a Federal shared services provider [FSSP] with 
several components leading the way this year. With cost savings 
and efficiencies as part of the rationale for this effort, 
questions remain regarding the total potential costs of this 
approach. Within 60 days of the date of enactment of this act, 
the Committee directs the OCFO to provide, by component, the 
total cost of migrating to an FSSP. These costs shall be broken 
down by major cost driver, phase, and fiscal year for the total 
life cycle of the project, including obligations to date. 
Estimated and actual cost savings by fiscal year and by major 
cost driver for each component shall also be included. In 
addition, DHS is to maintain frequent communications with the 
Committee on financial management improvement plans necessary 
to support the Department's missions, including a timeline for 
implementation with discrete milestones. DHS is also required 
to update the Committee on any delays that occur during 
discovery or implementation phases in a timely manner.

                           GENERAL PROVISIONS

    The Department shall continue providing monthly budget 
execution reports including staffing data as in prior years, in 
compliance with the included general provision. Further, the 
Committee continues to include general provisions addressing 
unauthorized fee proposals in future budget requests and pay 
reform initiatives.
    A statutory provision is also retained requiring the 
Secretary to submit a Future Years Homeland Security Program 
budget as part of the fiscal year 2018 budget justification. 
The report shall be provided in the same manner as prior year 
requirements and shall be in unclassified form so as to be 
accessible to the general public.
    In addition, the Department shall adhere to statutory 
weapons and ammunition reporting requirements made permanent in 
Public Laws 113-76 and 114-4 respectively.

                Office of the Chief Information Officer

Appropriations, 2016....................................    $309,976,000
Budget estimate, 2017...................................     317,513,000
Committee recommendation................................     307,413,000

    The Office of the Chief Information Officer [OCIO] is 
responsible for oversight of information technology [IT] 
development, oversight of IT acquisition, alignment of IT 
systems and infrastructure to the enterprise architecture to 
support the missions and activities of the Department.

                       COMMITTEE RECOMMENDATIONS

    The Committee recommends $307,413,000, of which 
$102,000,000 is for salaries and expenses, and $205,413,000 is 
to be available through fiscal year 2018 for Department-wide 
technology investments overseen by OCIO. The recommendation is 
$10,100,000 below the amount requested and $2,563,000 below the 
amount provided in fiscal year 2016. The reduction is largely 
in the salaries and expenses PPA due to a significant number of 
vacancies and hiring that will not be achieved.
    The following table summarizes the Committee's 
recommendations as compared to the fiscal year 2016 and budget 
request levels:

                                     OFFICE OF THE CHIEF INFORMATION OFFICER
                                            [In thousands of dollars]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                            Fiscal year 2016  Fiscal year 2017      Committee
                                                                 enacted       budget request    recommendations
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Salaries and expenses.....................................           109,957           110,000           102,000
Information technology services...........................            91,000            98,494            96,394
Infrastructure and security activities....................            54,087            54,087            54,087
Homeland secure data network..............................            54,932            54,932            54,932
                                                           -----------------------------------------------------
      Total, Office of the Chief Information Officer......           309,976           317,513           307,413
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

                          SEMIANNUAL BRIEFINGS

    In addition to budget justification materials and 
obligation plans, OCIO shall provide semiannual briefings to 
the Committee on the execution of its major initiatives and 
investment areas. Such briefings shall include details 
regarding cost and schedule.

                    INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY SERVICES

    The Committee recommendation includes $96,394,000 for 
development, implementation, and maintenance of IT functional 
services. The level demonstrates continued commitment to 
enterprise implementation of identity and other IT services, 
the DHS Data Framework, and the Digital Services team. The 
Committee expects OCIO to continue to provide leadership and 
support to enterprise efforts related to immigration data and 
the joint wireless program. With regards to immigration data, 
OCIO, working with the appropriate components, shall provide 
the software and hardware necessary for the Office of 
Immigration Statistics to access component data and perform its 
mission.

                 INFRASTRUCTURE AND SECURITY ACTIVITIES

    The Committee recommendation includes $54,087,000 for 
development and acquisition of IT equipment, software, 
services, and related activities.
    The Department continues to be a leader in data center 
consolidation which has brought greater operational 
efficiencies, a reduced IT footprint, reduced energy 
consumption, and opportunities for shared capabilities. Data 
Center 1 is a premiere facility and a strategic computing asset 
ready to serve other Federal customers. The Committee expects 
the Department to support the National Aeronautics and Space 
Administration in ensuring this government investment is best 
utilized. In addition, the Department shall continue to brief 
the Committee on a periodic basis regarding its execution of 
remaining data center migration funds, its use of existing data 
center contract vehicles to enable further consolidation in 
Data Center 1, and its open market strategy for cloud services.

            SHARING AND SAFEGUARDING CLASSIFIED INFORMATION

    The recommendation includes $12,800,000 to support 
information sharing and safeguarding measures to protect 
classified national security information. OCIO shall cover 
these programs as part of its semiannual briefings to the 
Committee.

              STREAMLINING ACQUISITIONS AND DOCUMENTATION

    As part of the Department's effort to improve its 
requirements development and acquisition processes, OCIO and 
PARM are working together on an initiative to ensure the 
processes, and artifacts required in the processes, make sense 
for the buy. Further, the current processes and required 
artifacts do not support agile development efforts and, in 
fact, create an undue burden with no real oversight or program 
management benefit. The Committee is very interested in the 
four pilots underway to test new processes and directs OCIO and 
PARM to brief the Committee not later than 60 days after the 
date of enactment of this act on their results.

                        Analysis and Operations

Appropriations, 2016....................................    $264,714,000
Budget estimate, 2017...................................     265,719,000
Committee recommendation................................     260,201,000

    The account supports activities to improve the analysis and 
sharing of threat information, including activities of the 
Office of Intelligence and Analysis [I&A;] and the Office of 
Operations Coordination.

                        COMMITTEE RECOMMENDATION

    The Committee recommends $260,201,000 for Analysis and 
Operations. This is $5,518,000 below the amount requested and 
$4,513,000 below the amount provided in fiscal year 2016. The 
recommended level in this account reflects funds requested for 
a new CBRNE Office that is not yet authorized by the Congress. 
The details of these recommendations are included in a 
classified annex accompanying this report.

           ANNUAL BUDGET JUSTIFICATIONS AND OBLIGATION PLANS

    The Committee expects to receive the same level of 
information for the Department's classified budget as is 
required under the Chief Financial Officer both in annual 
budget justifications and quarterly obligation plans. 
Additionally, while the Committee does not require an 
Intelligence Expenditure Plan for fiscal year 2017, the I&A; 
quarterly obligation plans shall include cost data for 
individual programs and projects.

                     STATE AND LOCAL FUSION CENTERS

    The Committee directs I&A; to continue semiannual briefings 
on the State and Local Fusion Centers program.
    The Committee is disappointed that the Department failed to 
provide an assessment of the Kansas Intelligence Fusion Center 
[KIFC] as a State-based Center of Excellence for multi-agency, 
multi-discipline public-private partnership to enhance threat 
information sharing and collaboration, as directed in Senate 
Report 113-198. While each fusion center should be tailored to 
meet the needs of its local constituents, cybersecurity and 
critical infrastructure protection are increasingly 
capabilities that fusion centers are seeking to develop in 
response to threat and gap assessments. While the high-side 
operations and access of the KIFC may not be a model for most 
fusion centers, the Department, particularly I&A; and NPPD, need 
to assess the extent to which the KIFC's capabilities fill a 
national need, including for training other fusion center 
personnel, and should be supported. The Committee expects this 
assessment to be submitted imminently.

                   SUPPORT OF BORDER SECURITY MISSION

    The Committee directs I&A; to assess the level of field 
support its intelligence officers and reports officers provide 
directly to the Department's border security mission and the 
extent to which additional support, collocated on the Southwest 
border, would enhance mission effectiveness.

                      Office of Inspector General

Appropriations, 2016....................................    $137,488,000
Budget estimate, 2017...................................     157,144,000
Committee recommendation................................     155,144,000

    This account finances the Office of Inspector General's 
[OIG] activities, including audits, inspections, 
investigations, and other reviews of programs and operations of 
DHS to promote economy, efficiency, and effectiveness and to 
prevent and detect fraud, waste, and abuse.

                       COMMITTEE RECOMMENDATIONS

    The Committee recommends $155,144,000 for OIG, $2,000,000 
below the amount requested and $17,656,000 above the amount 
provided in fiscal year 2016. In addition, the Committee 
includes bill language transferring $24,000,000 requested by 
OIG for audits and investigations related to expenditures from 
the Disaster Relief Fund [DRF].
    Inspectors General across the government perform a critical 
function on behalf of the Congress and the American people, as 
well as the leadership of Federal departments and agencies when 
that relationship is sound. After a troubling period of issues 
and allegations several years ago, the DHS OIG has made great 
strides under the current Inspector General in restoring its 
credibility and capabilities. For that reason, the recommended 
funding level again includes a significant increase above the 
prior year to sustain staffing increases and provide the 
resources to meet the mission. The Committee expects to see 
continued progress and results from these investments.
    The Committee expects the Inspector General to submit any 
updates to the expenditure plan for fiscal year 2017 no later 
than 30 days after the date of enactment of this act. As 
specified in Senate Report 113-198, for fiscal year 2018 and 
thereafter, OIG shall submit a detailed expenditure plan with 
its annual budget justification documents. In addition, OIG 
shall continue submitting obligation plans on a quarterly basis 
as required of all DHS components consistent with direction 
provided in the explanatory statement accompanying Public Law 
114-113 and title I of this report.

                              FOCUS AREAS

    OIG shall continue to provide the Committee with periodic 
updates regarding focus areas and the status of its work. The 
Committee continues to support OIG's engagement in the area of 
employee and contractor integrity and expects OIG, CBP, and ICE 
to continue to work cooperatively to combat corruption. In 
addition, the Committee is interested to see the results from 
OIG's investment in big data capabilities that should provide 
opportunities for more meaningful audits and reviews.

                           AVIATION SECURITY

    Last year, as a result of OIG's covert tests, audits, and 
findings, the Secretary instituted a strategic shift in our 
Nation's approach to aviation screening and brought new 
leadership to TSA. The Committee expects OIG to continue its 
covert testing of aviation security capabilities and to track 
the progress being made to address its findings. Not later than 
30 days after the date of enactment of this act, OIG shall 
brief the Committees on its latest efforts and findings.

               INFRASTRUCTURE PROTECTION FIELD PERSONNEL

    The Office of Infrastructure Protection [IP] within NPPD 
has over 250 personnel operating in the field across the 
country. Of those personnel, the vast majority are Chemical 
Security Inspectors [CSI] and Protective Security Advisors 
[PSA]. They also work with other NPPD field personnel, 
including those with the Federal Protective Service and 
Cybersecurity Advisors. In recent months, IP conducted a pilot 
to ascertain the feasibility of shifting support for these 
personnel from headquarters to a regional concept. 
Responsibilities currently considered for realignment include: 
setting policy and guidance for the CSI and PSA programs; 
providing analytic and mission support services; designing and 
maintaining operational technology, tools, and data; developing 
exercises and trainings for the critical infrastructure 
community to be delivered in the field; and administrative 
tasks such as fleet management, shipping and receiving of 
equipment, and IT support. The Committee directs OIG to conduct 
a review of all current regionalization documentation, the 
authorities necessary for IP to conduct this realignment, and 
the conclusions of the Region IV pilot to determine the 
feasibility of moving forward with this concept.

                     CONFERENCES AND SPECIAL EVENTS

    OIG shall report to the Committee not later than 180 days 
after receipt from DHS on the Department's fiscal year 2017 
spending for conferences, ceremonies, and similar events above 
$100,000 as well as any events of note reported by the 
Department over $20,000. Consistent with prior year reports, 
OIG shall include the total costs to the Government associated 
with these events, the number of conferences held, the amount 
of funds obligated, and expenses by appropriation or other 
source of funding, including budget accounts and subaccounts 
used to pay for events.

                                TITLE II

               SECURITY, ENFORCEMENT, AND INVESTIGATIONS

                   U.S. Customs and Border Protection

                                SUMMARY

    U.S. Customs and Border Protection [CBP] is responsible for 
enforcing laws regarding admission of foreign-born persons into 
the United States, and ensuring that all goods and persons 
entering and exiting the United States do so legally.

                       COMMITTEE RECOMMENDATIONS

    The Committee recommends total resources of $13,237,281,000 
including direct appropriations of $11,182,441,000 and 
estimated fee collections of $2,054,840,000. The Committee's 
recommendation reflects realistic assumptions for hiring and 
includes the resources necessary to fund all of the staff 
likely to be on board in fiscal year 2017. The Committee 
recommends substantial funding increases for tactical radios 
and for Border Patrol vehicle replacements so that frontline 
staff, once hired, will have the equipment needed to perform 
CBP's mission effectively and safely.
    The following table summarizes the Committee's 
recommendations as compared to the fiscal year 2016 and budget 
request levels:

                               U.S. CUSTOMS AND BORDER PROTECTION--FUNDING SUMMARY
                                            [In thousands of dollars]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                            Fiscal year 2016  Fiscal year 2017      Committee
                                                                 enacted       budget request    recommendations
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Appropriations:
    Salaries and expenses.................................         8,628,902         9,398,748         8,857,183
    Small airport user fee................................             9,097             9,415             9,415
    Automation modernization..............................           829,460           840,726           813,206
    Border Security Fencing, Infrastructure, and                     447,461           329,237           349,237
     Technology [BSFIT]...................................
    Air and Marine operations.............................           802,298           798,277           857,000
    Construction and facilities management................           340,128           305,754           296,400
                                                           -----------------------------------------------------
      Total, Appropriations...............................        11,057,346        11,682,157        11,182,441
                                                           =====================================================
Estimated fee collections:
    Immigration inspection user fee.......................           652,699           677,894           677,894
    Immigration enforcement fines.........................               633               860               860
    ESTA..................................................            57,332            58,301            58,301
    Land border inspection fee............................            34,724            46,517            46,517
    COBRA passenger inspection fee........................           506,877           523,737           523,737
    APHIS inspection fee..................................           515,810           534,515           534,515
    Global entry user fee.................................            91,789            96,297            96,297
    Puerto Rico Trust Fund................................            99,058            99,551            99,551
    Virgin Island fee.....................................            11,867            11,176            11,176
    Customs Unclaimed Goods...............................             5,992             5,992             5,992
                                                           -----------------------------------------------------
      Total, Estimated fee collections....................         1,976,781         2,054,840         2,054,840
                                                           =====================================================
      Total, U.S. Customs and Border Protection, available        13,034,127        13,736,997        13,237,281
       funding............................................
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

                         SALARIES AND EXPENSES

Appropriations, 2016....................................  $8,628,902,000
Budget estimate, 2017...................................   9,398,748,000
Committee recommendation................................   8,857,183,000

    The CBP Salaries and Expenses appropriation provides funds 
for border security, immigration, customs, agricultural 
inspections, regulating and facilitating international trade, 
collecting import duties, and enforcing U.S. trade laws. In 
addition to directly appropriated resources, fee collections 
are available for the operations of CBP from the following 
sources:
    Immigration Inspection User Fee.--CBP collects user fees to 
fund the costs of international inspections activities at 
airports and seaports, as authorized by the Immigration and 
Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1356).
    Electronic System for Travel Authorization Fee.--CBP 
collects fees to cover the cost of operating and implementing a 
system to pre-screen visitors from countries participating in 
the Visa Waiver Program prior to their arrival in the United 
States to avoid security risks, as authorized by section 
711(h)(3)(B) of the 9/11 Act, Public Law 110-53.
    Immigration Enforcement Fine.--CBP collects fines from 
owners of transportation lines and persons for unauthorized 
landing of aliens, as authorized by the Immigration and 
Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1356).
    Land Border Inspection Fee.--CBP collects fees for 
processing applications for the Dedicated Commuter Lanes 
program, the Automated Permit Ports program, the Canadian 
Border Boat Landing permits, Mexican Non-Resident Alien Border 
Crossing Cards, FAST, SENTRI and NEXUS application fees, as 
authorized by the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 
1356).
    Public-Private Partnership [PPP] Reimbursements.--CBP is 
authorized to enter into mutually beneficial agreements with 
stakeholders at select ports of entry [POEs] whereby CBP is 
reimbursed for enhanced customs and agricultural processing, 
border security, and immigration inspection-related services.
    Consolidated Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act [COBRA] 
Passenger Inspection Fee.--CBP collects fees for inspection 
services involving customs-related functions. The COBRA user 
fee statutory authority (19 U.S.C. 58c) specifies the types of 
covered expenses.
    Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service Inspection 
Fee.--CBP receives as a transfer a distribution of agriculture 
inspection fees collected by the United States Department of 
Agriculture. The user fees, as authorized by the Food, 
Agriculture, Conservation, and Trade Act of 1990 (21 U.S.C. 
136), are charged to offset costs for the services related to 
the importation, entry, or exportation of animals and animal 
products.
    Global Entry User Fee.--CBP collects fees to cover the cost 
of a registered traveler program to expedite screening and 
processing of international passengers as authorized under the 
Consolidated Appropriations Act of 2008, section 565(3)(B).
    U.S. Virgin Islands Fee Fund.--The U.S. Virgin Islands 
[USVI] are an unincorporated territory of the United States and 
although a U.S. territory, the USVI is expressly excluded from 
the definition of customs territory of the United States. The 
importation of goods into the USVI is governed by Virgin 
Islands law. CBP collects duties on behalf of the USVI and 
deposits them into the USVI Fee Fund. The account is managed 
annually as a reimbursable account with any remaining funds 
remitted back to the USVI at the conclusion of the fiscal year.
    Puerto Rico Trust Fund.--Customs duties, taxes, and fees 
collected in Puerto Rico by CBP are deposited in the Puerto 
Rico Trust Fund. After providing for the expenses of 
administering CBP activities in Puerto Rico, the remaining 
amounts are transferred to the Treasurer of Puerto Rico 
pursuant to sections 740 and 795 of title 48, United States 
Code.
    Small Airport User Fee.--The User Fee Airports Program 
authorized under 19 U.S.C. 58b and administered under 19 U.S.C. 
58c(b)(9)(A)(i), authorizes inspection services to be provided 
to participating small airports on a fully reimbursable basis. 
The fees charged under this program are set forth in a 
memorandum of agreement between the small airport facility and 
the agency, and may be adjusted annually as costs and 
requirements change.
    Unclaimed Goods.--Any goods entered or un-entered 
merchandise (except merchandise under section 557 of the Tariff 
Act of 1930, as amended (19 U.S.C. 1557), but including 
merchandise entered for transportation in bond or for 
exportation) which remain in Customs custody for 6 months from 
the date of importation or a lesser period for special 
merchandise as provided by section 127.28(c), (d), and (h) of 
title 19, United States Code, and without all estimated duties 
and storage or other charges having been paid, shall be 
considered unclaimed and abandoned. This account represents the 
proceeds from the liquidation of that account.
    Preclearance Reimbursements.--The Trade Facilitation and 
Trade Enforcement Act of 2015, Public Law 114-125, included 
authority for CBP to both collect and spend reimbursements, 
including spending in anticipation of reimbursements, for 
preclearance activities.

                       COMMITTEE RECOMMENDATIONS

    The Committee recommends $8,857,183,000 for CBP Salaries 
and Expenses for fiscal year 2017, including $3,274,000 from 
the Harbor Maintenance Trust Fund and, of which $2,652,000,000 
is derived from the merchandise processing fee. This is 
$541,565,000 below the request and $228,281,000 above the 
amount provided in fiscal year 2016. The Committee notes that 
$305,536,000 requested in CBP is not included in the 
recommended level due to the Committee's rejection of the 
proposed transfer of the Office of Biometric Identity 
Management [OBIM] to CBP. This proposal has not yet been 
authorized by the Congress.
    The Committee includes bill language making available up to 
$150,000 for payment for rental space for preclearance 
operations and $1,000,000 for payments to informants. The 
Committee also includes bill language placing a $35,000 annual 
limit on overtime paid to any employee and capping official 
reception and representation expenses at $34,425. A general 
provision is continued to allow CBP to access collections 
associated with the U.S. Colombia Trade Promotion Agreement 
Implementation Act, Public Law 112-42. The spending from these 
collections is not capped, whereas the request included a cap 
of $220,000,000.
    The request includes unrealistic assumptions on hiring for 
most classifications of CBP staff, so the Committee's 
recommended level includes adjustments in order to support the 
staffing level likely to be attained during fiscal year 2017.
    The following table summarizes the Committee's 
recommendations as compared to the fiscal year 2016 and budget 
request levels:

                            U.S. CUSTOMS AND BORDER PROTECTION--SALARIES AND EXPENSES
                                            [In thousands of dollars]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                            Fiscal year 2016  Fiscal year 2017      Committee
                                                                 enacted       budget request    recommendations
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Salaries and expenses:
    Headquarters, management, and administration:
        Commissioner......................................            30,139            31,718            30,589
        Chief Counsel.....................................            48,239            53,543            50,201
        Congressional Affairs.............................             2,444             2,950             2,915
        Internal Affairs..................................           165,223           185,784           174,175
        Public Affairs....................................            14,644            19,862            18,519
        Training and Development..........................            73,939           105,998            86,866
        Technology, Innovation, Acquisition...............            24,933            29,156            26,353
        Intelligence......................................            72,038            78,682            76,244
        Administration....................................           381,369           426,151           396,287
        Rent..............................................           629,046           635,361           630,909
                                                           -----------------------------------------------------
          Subtotal, Headquarters, management, and                  1,442,014         1,569,205         1,493,058
           administration.................................
                                                           =====================================================
    Border security inspections and trade facilitation:
        Inspections, trade, and travel facilitation at             2,981,606         3,108,100         3,053,046
         ports of entry...................................
        Reimbursable preclearance authority...............  ................             8,000  ................
        Harbor maintenance fee collection (Trust Fund)....             3,274             3,274             3,274
        International cargo screening.....................            59,709            56,491            55,721
        Other international programs......................            25,087            27,387            25,846
        Customs-Trade Partnership Against Terrorism [C-               36,593            38,606            37,239
         TPAT]............................................
        Trusted Traveler Programs.........................             5,811             5,811             5,811
        Inspection and detection technology investments...           209,273           173,785           173,737
        National Targeting Center.........................            75,890           115,282           114,554
        Training..........................................            38,258            49,929            49,823
        Office of Biometric Identity Management...........  ................           305,536  ................
                                                           -----------------------------------------------------
          Subtotal, Border security inspections and trade          3,435,501         3,892,201         3,519,051
           facilitation...................................
                                                           =====================================================
    Border security and control between ports of entry:     ................  ................  ................
        Border security and control.......................         3,696,450         3,864,866         3,790,936
        Unaccompanied Alien Children Contingency Fund.....  ................            13,000  ................
        Training..........................................            54,937            59,476            54,138
                                                           -----------------------------------------------------
          Subtotal, Border security and control between            3,751,387         3,937,342         3,845,074
           ports of entry.................................
                                                           =====================================================
      Total, Salaries and expenses........................         8,628,902         9,398,748         8,857,183
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

                      CBP HEADQUARTERS REALIGNMENT

    The Committee is generally supportive of CBP's proposal to 
reduce the number of staff reporting directly to the 
Commissioner, while also improving the delivery of resources to 
the field. However, while the budget request includes a total 
funding level for the newly proposed Enterprise Services 
office, it does not articulate the annual cost of operating the 
newly proposed Operations Support office. The Committee directs 
CBP to detail the costs of these offices, including 
administrative support.

                        CBP HIRING AND RETENTION

    The Committee commends CBP for collecting and analyzing 
data on all aspects of the hiring process to identify 
opportunities for improvement, including how best to target 
qualified, successful applicants. The Committee understands 
CBP's implementation of hiring hubs has reduced by nearly 50 
percent the timeline for hiring CBP officers, and the Committee 
expects CBP to deploy hiring hubs along the border to speed 
hiring of qualified Border Patrol agents. The Committee is 
disappointed, however, that CBP remains unable to meet the 
funded staffing levels for Border Patrol agents and CBP 
officers. Compounding the hiring delays, CBP continues to face 
challenges staffing both Office of Field Operations [OFO] and 
Border Patrol locations along the northern and southwest land 
borders. The Committee directs CBP, working with the Office of 
Personnel Management as necessary, to identify and utilize 
incentives to improve retention in those locations and 
incentivize personnel to choose those locations. CBP is also 
directed to continue briefing the Committee quarterly on the 
actions CBP is taking to improve hiring, retention, and 
attrition for all frontline staff, and provide monthly 
notifications on frontline staffing levels. If additional 
authorities are needed to improve staffing at border locations, 
the Committee expects CBP to immediately brief the Committee, 
as well as relevant committees of jurisdiction, on the proposed 
legislative changes and potential costs of the proposed 
changes.

                      BORDER PATROL STAFFING MODEL

    The Committee has directed the Border Patrol to establish 
the requirements for personnel, technology, and infrastructure 
necessary to secure the border. As part of that effort, Border 
Patrol needs a staffing model that considers situational 
awareness, officer safety, and other operational needs. While 
CBP completed a staffing analysis for Border Patrol agents, it 
is not yet a robust staffing model that can provide insight 
into the appropriate level of Border Patrol agent staffing and 
inform the deployment and use of personnel and other resources. 
Despite the lack of analysis, the fiscal year 2017 request 
proposes a permanent reduction to Border Patrol staffing. The 
Committee directs the Border Patrol to brief the Committee not 
later than 30 days after the date of enactment of this act on 
its data-based analysis of the staffing needs for the Border 
Patrol.

                       CAPABILITIES GAP PROCESSES

    CBP has begun collecting and evaluating requirements from 
the field through processes to identify capabilities gaps [C-
GAP] for the Border Patrol and Air and Marine Operations [AMO]. 
The agency has cited its ongoing C-GAP processes as an 
important tool necessary to assess and identify its border 
security mission needs. While developing a data-driven 
requirements process is a positive step, CBP must develop tools 
and processes that capture enterprise level requirements to 
facilitate and prioritize CBP's operations and maintenance 
activities, as well as future investments. The Committee 
directs CBP to coordinate the results of the ongoing operating 
components' requirements analyses, and brief the Committee 
within 90 days of the date of enactment of this act on the 
results and how these results will inform future budget 
requests.

                      CONSEQUENCE DELIVERY SYSTEM

    The Committee understands that CBP continually evaluates 
the Consequence Delivery System [CDS], in coordination with ICE 
and DOJ, in order to increase immigration enforcement 
effectiveness, including reducing recidivism. OIG-15-95, a 
report on Operation Streamline, included recommendations for 
CBP to better measure both the costs and effectiveness of the 
CDS. Within 120 days of the date of enactment of this act, the 
Committee directs CBP to brief on actions taken to track the 
costs and measure the effectiveness of Operation Streamline and 
other components of the CDS.

                              CARIZZO CANE

    The Committee remains concerned about Carrizo cane and 
other invasive species which impede the border security mission 
along the United States-Mexico border. Within 60 days of the 
date of enactment of this act, CBP is directed to brief the 
Committee on its comprehensive plan for eradicating Carrizo 
cane, including updates on the status of approval for 
additional biological control agents to combat Carrizo cane and 
other related plant species; collaboration with the Texas State 
Soil and Water Conservation Board and other Federal, State, and 
local stakeholders, as well as the Government of Mexico; and 
the resource requirements for executing the comprehensive plan.

                              INTELLIGENCE

    The Committee is supportive of the Office of Intelligence's 
efforts to develop, provide, coordinate, and implement CBP's 
intelligence capabilities into a cohesive enterprise and 
directs the Office of Intelligence to manage confidential human 
source payments for all of CBP. The Committee further directs 
CBP to assess CBP's current tactical intelligence and law 
enforcement information collection assets, to determine whether 
centralizing collection and coordination capabilities would be 
beneficial and report to the Committee on the results within 
180 days of the date of enactment of this act.

                            INTERNAL AFFAIRS

    The Committee remains committed to addressing the potential 
for corruption of CBP personnel, and notes CBP's efforts to 
head-off problems before they occur, but is nonetheless 
concerned by some of the revelations included in OIG-16-75 and 
the recent report by the Homeland Security Advisory Council's 
CBP Integrity Advisory Panel [Advisory Panel]. OIG-16-75 
included recommendations addressing how CBP failed to assess 
staffing requirements based on data-driven justifications, did 
not validate major duties for criminal investigators, and did 
not establish performance metrics, all while paying unjustified 
Law Enforcement Availability Pay to investigators. In addition 
to the recommendations made by OIG, the Advisory Panel released 
its final report on CBP's Internal Affairs activities on March 
15, 2016, including 39 recommendations for CBP, many of which 
require institutional change. While the Advisory Panel also 
recommended substantial staffing increases, the Committee 
believes CBP should make the recommended institutional changes 
prior to bringing on a large number of new investigators. As 
such, the Committee directs CBP to brief the Committee 
quarterly on the steps being taken to address the 39 
recommendations, and includes $3,436,000 of the $6,872,000 
requested for new investigators. Like other components of CBP, 
Internal Affairs faces challenges hiring qualified new staff, 
so the recommendation also reduces estimated salary expenses to 
a more realistic level.

                             PORTS OF ENTRY

    OFO operates 328 POEs 24 hours a day and 7 days a week, 
inspecting over 1.3 million people daily by air, land, and sea. 
In addition to CBP's primary security mission, CBP is the 
second largest government revenue generator for the United 
States after the Internal Revenue Service. Traveler volume 
increased 2.2 percent in 2015 after increasing 3.4 percent in 
fiscal year 2014. Traveler volume is expected to increase 3.4 
percent to 4.1 percent through 2018 resulting in a projected 
11.5 percent increase from fiscal year 2016 to fiscal year 
2018.
     Achieving the Optimal Mix of People, Infrastructure, and 
Technology.--The overall proportion of CBP's salaries and 
benefits [S&B;] has been growing steadily, thus shifting 
resources to other priorities. In fiscal year 2009, S&B; 
accounted for 56 percent of the total Salaries and Expenses 
account, but in fiscal year 2017 it will be approximately 72 
percent. Cost drivers for the growing payroll, in addition to 
staffing increases, include healthcare, retirement benefits and 
changing grade profiles, including additional law enforcement 
compensation types and benefit rates.
    CBP's workload staffing model indicates a shortfall of 
2,107 CBP officers by the end of fiscal year 2017, and this 
assumption presumes all funded CBP officers are on board at 
that time. While the model needs further refinement, it is the 
best tool yet designed to assist in officer placement decisions 
based on traveler volume, wait times, expanded facilities, and 
increased cargo throughput. The model also takes into 
consideration the reduction in staffing requirements due to 
innovation and technology improvements. While CBP's workload 
model is mature, the Committee encourages CBP to conduct a 
review and analysis of current staffing processes at a single 
air POE with CBP using private sector staffing management 
practices and technology to determine whether optimal staffing 
levels are in place. The Committee supports the request to hire 
new CBP technicians to take on certain tasks so that CBP 
officers can focus their time and efforts on law enforcement 
activities.
    The Committee remains concerned, however, about CBP officer 
staffing levels on the northern border. As trade and tourism 
increase along the United States-Canadian border, additional 
resources should be provided, as appropriate. The Committee 
directs CBP to submit an updated resource allocation model with 
the fiscal year 2018 budget detailing specific staffing, 
funding for, and implementation of planned border enforcement 
initiatives by POE.
    The increased adoption of technology will continue to 
change the way CBP processes people and cargo entering the 
United States, allowing officers to better target risks with 
informed targeting, rather than paperwork. The Committee 
encourages CBP to continue adding enrollment centers for DHS 
Trusted Traveler Programs including Global Entry and NEXUS 
where demand warrants. To the extent Global Entry can be 
expanded to passengers from other countries, CBP is encouraged 
to do so. As enrollment in these programs continues expanding, 
passengers can be more quickly processed upon arrival in the 
United States.
    The Committee recommends the $74,100,000 requested for Land 
Border Integration, but remains concerned that technology used 
to analyze vehicular traffic crossing our northern and southern 
borders has become outdated and should be improved. As directed 
in Senate Report 114-68, CBP is expected to continue improving 
situational awareness by procuring and implementing the latest, 
most effective technologies available to monitor and intercept 
vehicles crossing our borders. Many of CBP's procedures for 
processing tractor trailers carrying cargo across U.S. land 
borders are outdated and paper-based. Recognizing the 
importance of improving the effectiveness and efficiency of 
cargo processing at U.S. land borders, the Committee urges CBP 
to appropriately plan for the prioritization of efforts to 
automate and update the Nation's ability to monitor cargo 
crossing into the U.S. at land POEs.
    Land Border Fees.--The Committee continues a general 
provision prohibiting CBP from conducting any studies for 
establishing and collecting any new land border fee. This 
provision does not affect any existing trusted traveler program 
such as FAST, NEXUS, SENTRI, or other similar efforts.
     Human Trafficking.--The Committee encourages CBP to 
continue to post the National Human Trafficking Resource Center 
hotline, email address, and Web site information in all U.S. 
POEs.
     Foreign Municipal Solid Waste.--The Committee directs CBP 
to continue to address the threat posed by trucks carrying 
foreign municipal solid waste from Canada into the United 
States in a risk-based, targeted manner.

                     REIMBURSABLE SERVICES PROGRAM

    The Committee is disappointed that CBP has not selected any 
small or mid-sized airports for participation in the 
Reimbursable Services Program and directs CBP to ensure that 
each request for a reimbursable agreement at a POE is given 
equal consideration regardless of the size of the POE. If CBP 
denies a request for a reimbursable agreement, the denial 
should be accompanied by a detailed justification for the 
denial.

                      DONATIONS ACCEPTANCE PROGRAM

    The Committee recognizes that changing circumstances may 
limit the period of opportunity for potential donations, and is 
aware that current and prospective partners have developed a 
significant inventory of donation proposals to enhance and 
improve the port environment. Consistent review of these 
proposals will not only encourage greater engagement between 
CBP and non-Federal partners, but has important implications 
for international trade relationships. Therefore, the Committee 
further directs CBP to work with the General Services 
Administration to review the lengthy process used to evaluate 
donations with a value greater than $3,000,000 and accept 
applications for these donations at least twice per year. When 
evaluating applications, it is critical for CBP to provide 
timely responses to applicants. As such CBP is directed to, not 
later than 60 days after receiving a proposal, notify 
applicants with respect to whether the proposal is complete or 
incomplete. If deemed incomplete, CBP shall detail what is 
missing from the application materials and provide an 
opportunity to resubmit the proposal with the additional 
information or material. Not later than 180 days after 
receiving a complete proposal, CBP shall make a determination 
whether to deny or approve the proposal and notify the private 
sector or government entity that submitted the proposal of the 
determination. If CBP denies a request for a donation, the 
denial should be accompanied by a detailed justification for 
the denial.

                              PRECLEARANCE

    The Committee provides authority as necessary to collect 
and spend fees for capital and operations costs from program 
participants in anticipation of reimbursement and directs CBP 
to continually evaluate the national and homeland security 
benefits of both existing and prospective preclearance 
agreements. To assist ongoing efforts to reestablish 
international passenger rail service along the northeast rail 
corridor, the Committee encourages continued analysis of the 
benefits of initiating preclearance operations at Montreal's 
Central Station.

                     ELECTRONIC VISA UPDATE SYSTEM

    The Committee recommends $27,800,000, as requested, for the 
Electronic Visa Update System [EVUS], a program that allows 
non-immigrant visa holders to provide updated biographic and 
travel-related information through a public Web site, and 
enables CBP to facilitate admissibility determinations post-
visa issuance before passengers initiate travel to the United 
States. While the Committee is disappointed that the 
corresponding EVUS fee proposal has not yet been transmitted to 
the Congress, the Committee understands the criticality of this 
system and the need to meet projected timelines. The Committee 
directs CBP to expeditiously transmit the proposal so that 
users of the system, rather than U.S. taxpayers, fund operation 
and sustainment costs.

                  INSPECTION AND DETECTION TECHNOLOGY

    The Committee recommends $173,737,000 for Inspection and 
Detection Technology, including $54,775,000, as requested, for 
additional Non-Intrusive Inspection [NII] equipment refresh and 
recapitalization. The Committee is familiar with the mission 
need, but disappointed CBP did not provide the multiyear 
investment and management plan along with the fiscal year 2017 
request as required in the explanatory statement accompanying 
Public Law 114-113. By not providing industry partners with any 
visibility into longer-term recapitalization plans, CBP is 
likely paying a premium for NII equipment, as vendors must 
either speculatively produce equipment at their own risk or, 
after contract award, surge production lines in order to meet 
required delivery timelines. The Committee again directs CBP to 
provide such a plan with the fiscal year 2018 budget request, 
and to post an unclassified version of the plan on CBP's Web 
site.

                         LAND BORDER WAIT TIMES

    The Committee recognizes CBP's continued progress in 
implementing GAO recommendations in GAO-13-603 regarding flaws 
in commercial vehicle wait time collection practices at land 
POEs. The Committee understands CBP is currently evaluating a 
partnership with the State of Texas to leverage an existing 
automated collection system at high volume commercial vehicle 
crossings with its existing Border Wait Times platform. The 
Committee directs CBP to examine whether this partnership will 
help realize savings and efficiencies versus manual collection 
practices, identify potential agency resources which could help 
cover operations and maintenance of the existing system. The 
Committee further directs CBP to consider other State, local, 
or private sector partnerships that can improve the accuracy, 
usefulness, and transparency of publicly reported commercial 
wait time data and collection methods in the border 
environment. Not less than 60 days after the date of enactment 
of this act, CBP shall brief the Committee on actions taken to 
improve the accuracy of wait time data.

                         LAND BORDER OPERATIONS

    The Committee is concerned that reducing hours of operation 
at land POEs could unduly impede cross-border travel and 
negatively impact local and regional economic activity. The 
Committee directs CBP to consult with community members and 
elected officials at all levels of government, as well as 
industry, prior to making changes, and refrain from reducing 
the hours of operation at any land POE unless CBP can 
demonstrate the reduction in hours will not impede local or 
regional commerce or residential traffic. In addition, the 
Committee directs CBP to immediately notify to the Committee if 
foreign governments attempt to dictate the location of a new 
land POE.

                                 HEROIN

    CBP is the lead agency for preventing drug trafficking 
through airports, seaports, and land POEs and plays a 
significant role in the national drug control strategy. The 
dramatic influx of heroin and opioids across the borders of the 
United States has fueled a public health crisis that has 
claimed the lives of hundreds of thousands of Americans. The 
work of CBP and its partners in the Department as well as other 
Federal, State, and local law enforcement agencies across the 
country has never been more challenging or important. The 
Committee commends CBP for their ongoing work in protecting our 
borders and helping mitigate the flow of illegal narcotics, 
particularly heroin and opioids.

                           TRADE ENFORCEMENT

    The Committee applauds CBP's ongoing efforts in moving 
toward the centralization of the administration of the single 
transaction bonds [STBs] program and development of an 
automated system for STBs, such as the eBond, in order to 
improve the collection of revenue owed to the Federal 
Government. Once fully-deployed, eBond will provide a single, 
centralized repository for all customs bonds within CBP. This 
automation will improve oversight and administration of the STB 
program and allow CBP to more effectively verify the adequacy 
of STBs. Full deployment of eBond is directly connected to the 
completion of the ACE system and is expected to be deployed by 
the end of 2016. The Committee encourages CBP to continue these 
efforts to eliminate the need for paper STBs at all CBP POEs.
    The Committee is pleased that the Trade Facilitation and 
Trade Enforcement Act of 2015 eliminated a long-standing 
restriction unintentionally prohibiting the Department of 
Commerce [Commerce] from sharing proprietary information with 
CBP vital to determining violations or claims with respect to 
any provision of the Tariff Act of 1930. The Committee expects 
the efficiency and effectiveness of enforcement to increase as 
Federal trade compliance and enforcement agencies share 
appropriate and necessary information to inform trade 
enforcement activities.
    CBP analysis provides strong evidence to conclude trade 
fraud and evasion is widespread in many commodity sectors--
particularly for goods from China, which account for 65 percent 
of the antidumping and countervailing duty cash deposits 
collected. The Committee remains focused on the need for all 
Federal Government agencies involved in international trade to 
aggressively enforce existing trade laws. There are specific 
actions CBP and ICE, together with Commerce, the Departments of 
Justice [DOJ] and State, and the United States Trade 
Representative, can take without the need for additional 
legislation.
    The Committee understands that the Centers of Excellence 
and Expertise support uniformity of processing and enforcement 
for covered industries and importers. CBP shall continue to 
brief the Committee annually on efforts to improve enforcement 
and collection processes.

            ANTIDUMPING AND COUNTERVAILING DUTY ENFORCEMENT

    The Committee has ensured that, within the amounts 
recommended in this account, there will be sufficient funds to 
administer the ongoing requirements of section 754 of the 
Tariff Act of 1930 (19 U.S.C. 1675c), referenced in subtitle F 
of title VII of the Deficit Reduction Act of 2005 (Public Law 
109-171; 120 Stat. 154).
    Although the current retrospective system for addressing 
anti-dumping and countervailing duties [AD/CVD] violations may 
create certain challenges for CBP's ability to collect final 
duties, CBP is actively pursuing collection of unpaid AD/CVD 
claims against delinquent importers and sureties. To the extent 
these duties are unable to be collected, CBP shall publicly 
describe and post on its Web site the dynamics precluding 
timely collection.
    The Committee is aware that dishonest importers often avoid 
the antidumping duties that have long been imposed on honey 
imports from China by falsely claiming that imported Chinese 
honey is produced in another country. The Committee is also 
aware that honey said to originate from China and other Asian 
countries is often illegally adulterated by mixing honey with 
other cheaper sweeteners, like rice syrup. Both of these 
practices are already illegal, and CBP has taken efforts--often 
working with ICE--to attack this fraudulent trade. Currently, 
CBP lacks the state-of-the-art equipment needed to detect both 
transshipment and adulteration of imported honey. Recently, in 
trade enforcement litigation involving honey imports from 
China, a Florida judge rejected CBP's evidence in favor of 
results from a German testing laboratory. At present, German 
labs are the forensic authority on this issue and can make 
necessary determinations. The Committee directs CBP to evaluate 
the benefits and costs of developing its own capacity to test 
honey compared to contracting with labs to combat unfair and 
adulterated honey imports and brief the Committee on the 
results within 90 days of the date of enactment of this act.
    The Committee recognizes the injury domestic producers, 
including paper producers, suffer as a result of foreign 
producers trans-shipping and mislabeling products to avoid the 
payment of antidumping and countervailing duties. As such, the 
Committee recommends that CBP allocate funds as necessary for 
``live entry summaries'' for imports of targeted products, 
including paper products, currently subject to antidumping or 
countervailing duty orders in instances where CBP has reason to 
believe or suspect that (1) the country listed as the country 
of origin for the imported product does not produce the 
product; or (2) the imported product has been misclassified or 
misidentified/mislabeled. The entry summaries shall include 
supporting documentation regarding the country of origin of the 
imported product.
    The Committee directs CBP to continue submitting the 
reports on AD/CVD required in Senate Report 112-169 and the 
explanatory statement accompanying Public Law 113-6, including 
the same level of detail prescribed in such report and during 
the timelines prescribed for each report: AD/CVD Actions and 
Compliance Initiatives, AD/CVD Liquidation Instructions, AD/CVD 
Collection of Outstanding Claims (consistent with Public Law 
103-182), and AD/CVD Collection New Shipper Single Entry Bonds. 
A version of each report shall be posted on CBP's Web site.

    PAYMENTS SUBJECT TO THE CONTINUED DUMPING AND SUBSIDY OFFSET ACT

    The Trade Facilitation and Trade Enforcement Act of 2015 
prescribes the order in which Continued Dumping and Subsidy 
Offset Act [CDSOA] payments are allocated between principal and 
interest. The Committee directs CBP to complete revisions to 
its distribution processes and practices to comport with this 
law as soon as possible to ensure domestic producers receive 
payments they are due under the law.
    CBP has yet to provide the Committee the requested bond-by-
bond accounting for the STBs that secure duties on entries of 
honey, crawfish, fresh garlic, and canned mushrooms from China 
that arrived through fiscal year 2007. CBP had indicated to the 
Committee that producing such an inventory would be onerous, 
requiring CBP staff to inventory all STBs at POEs while 
diverting staff's time away from collecting outstanding duties. 
The Committee is narrowing its request and directs CBP within 
30 days of the date of enactment of this act to report on the 
total number and total face value of STBs that secure the 
payment of AD duties for the following: (1) the 2,274 open 
bills for which STB coverage likely exists, but for which 
payment has not been received; (2) the 943 open bills issued 
between March-October 2014 that are still subject to CBP's 
standard collection process; (3) the 1,150 open bills CBP has 
referred to DOJ for potential collection lawsuits; and (4) the 
181 open bills still under CBP review that may be referred to 
DOJ.

                                 SHRIMP

    In Senate Report 114-68, the Committee directed CBP to 
assess the availability of data necessary to provide a full and 
complete picture of the current shrimp import regime. The 
Committee notes that CBP continues to assemble this information 
and that ongoing revisions to CBP Form 5106 will include 
additional data elements about importers to improve CBP's 
ability to track all importers, including those importing 
shrimp. The Committee is concerned the Food and Drug 
Administration [FDA] continues to detect an alarming amount of 
imported shrimp raised with hormones, antibiotics, and other 
drugs not approved for use in the United States. Therefore, the 
Committee directs CBP, in coordination with FDA, to establish a 
2-year pilot program to better track shrimp imports by POE, in 
order to increase enforcement and improve food safety.
    The pilot program should use available data to increase 
targeted enforcement activities with FDA to ensure the safety 
of imported shrimp and consistent enforcement across U.S. POEs. 
The pilot program shall focus on enhancing enforcement based on 
a risk-based analysis of: (1) the frequency and results of CBP 
and FDA inspections and audits of imported shrimp, including 
details on the countries, ports, and import volumes involved; 
(2) current and potential enhancements to information sharing 
between CBP and FDA and targeting efforts regarding imported 
shrimp; and (3) current and potential enhancements to measures 
implemented by CBP and FDA to ensure that shrimp imports 
rejected from entering at one U.S. port cannot be entered at 
another U.S. port, including data tracking to reduce the 
likelihood of successful port-shopping. Not later than 180 days 
after the date of enactment of this act, the Committee directs 
CBP to brief on the preliminary results of the pilot, including 
details on opportunities for enhanced FDA and CBP coordination 
on improving the safety of shrimp imports into the United 
States. The report should detail potential enhancements to 
targeting, as importers or countries targeted by FDA for a 
higher inspection rate due to food safety concerns should 
likely be targeted for a higher rate of inspection by CBP. The 
report may provide an opportunity for CBP to suggest new 
approaches to improve inspection for antidumping compliance, 
such as ideas to avert transshipment of products designed to 
avoid FDA inspection.

                               JONES ACT

    A general provision is continued prohibiting funds from 
being used to issue future waivers related to a release from 
the Strategic Petroleum Reserve until the Secretary has 
consulted with the Departments of Energy and Transportation and 
representatives of the U.S. flag maritime industry and taken 
adequate steps to ensure the use of U.S. flag vessels. The 
Secretary shall notify the Congress within 2 business days of 
any request for a waiver, not solely waivers requested to 
transport oil released from the Strategic Petroleum Reserve. 
The Committee shall be informed on a timely basis of the 
disposition of each waiver request.
    The Committee notes improvements in the attention to Jones 
Act enforcement on the Outer Continental Shelf by CBP; however, 
CBP needs to take aggressive enforcement action and issue 
meaningful penalties to deter further violations. CBP 
enforcement actions must carry penalties that are economically 
significant, swift, and transparent. The Committee again 
directs CBP to continue to track Jones Act violations and make 
information available to the public and the Committees on a 
quarterly basis about specific Jones Act violations, findings 
of fact, parties determined to be at fault, amount of penalty 
assessments, and status of collections. Additionally, as 
previously directed by the Congress, CBP must establish 
specific timeframes for internal review and action, continue 
working with the U.S. flag industry to investigate potential 
violations, and dedicate adequate resources to vigorously 
enforce the Jones Act on the Outer Continental Shelf.

                             BIOMETRIC EXIT

    The Committee appreciated the update on the ongoing 
biometric exit pilots but is disappointed that the long awaited 
biometric exit report included little information on the path 
forward for this important border security process. Not later 
than 90 days after the date of enactment of this act, CBP shall 
provide additional information on the biometric solutions most 
likely to be adopted, including details on the potential 
concepts of operations, coordination with airports and 
airlines, and estimated technology and personnel costs.

                         PUERTO RICO TRUST FUND

    The Committee is disappointed that CBP did not keep ICE 
apprised of the diminishing collections from the Puerto Rico 
Trust Fund, and that fiscal year 2016 distributions would 
likely fall short of the level necessary to maintain current 
operations costs on the island. The Committee directs CBP to 
notify ICE if collections will fall short of the level 
specified in the budget plans ICE submits to CBP consistent 
with the Memorandum of Agreement signed by both components.

                            IMMIGRATION DATA

    The Committee directs CBP to work with the DHS Office of 
Immigration Statistics and the DHS OCIO to provide all 
necessary technical and policy assistance necessary to improve 
the collection, sharing, and reporting of immigration data 
throughout the immigration lifecycle.

               PRISON RAPE ELIMINATION ACT IMPLEMENTATION

    The DHS Prison Rape Elimination Act [PREA] regulations set 
standards for CBP to prevent, detect, and respond to sexual 
abuse and assault. The regulations also require CBP to complete 
audits of holding facilities that ``house detainees overnight'' 
by July of 2018. Since DHS issued its PREA regulations, CBP has 
taken measures, including issuing its zero-tolerance policy and 
designating a full-time Prevention of Sexual Assault 
Coordinator, to ensure its offices, stakeholders, and managers 
are aware of CBP's roles and responsibilities. CBP shall 
address all outstanding OIG recommendations highlighted in OIG-
16-51 in order to meet PREA's goal to prevent, detect, and 
respond to sexual abuse and assault.

                            SPECIALTY UNITS

    The Committee urges CBP to analyze its need for specialty 
units, including horses and off-road vehicles, and to deploy 
these units as necessary to improve access along the United 
States-Mexico border.

                        AUTOMATION MODERNIZATION

Appropriations, 2016....................................    $829,460,000
Budget estimate, 2017...................................     840,726,000
Committee recommendation................................     813,206,000

    The automation modernization account includes funds for 
major information technology systems and services for CBP, 
including the Automated Commercial Environment [ACE] and the 
International Trade and Data System projects, and connectivity 
between and integration of existing systems.

                       COMMITTEE RECOMMENDATIONS

    The Committee recommends $813,206,000, of which 
$433,345,000 is to be available until September 30, 2019. This 
is $27,520,000 below the amount requested and $16,254,000 below 
the amount provided in fiscal year 2016.
    The following table summarizes the Committee's 
recommendations as compared to the fiscal year 2016 and budget 
request levels:

                                            AUTOMATION MODERNIZATION
                                            [In thousands of dollars]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                            Fiscal year 2016  Fiscal year 2017      Committee
                                                                 enacted       budget request    recommendations
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Information technology....................................           363,728           407,206           379,861
Automated Targeting Systems...............................           122,669           122,646           122,617
Automated Commercial Environment/International Trade Data            151,184           122,591           122,467
 System [ITDS]............................................
Current operations protection and processing support                 191,879           188,283           188,261
 [COPPS]..................................................
                                                           -----------------------------------------------------
      Total, Automation modernization.....................           829,460           840,726           813,206
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

                               TARGETING

    The Committee staunchly supports CBP's targeting 
capabilities and, in recommending the requested system 
enhancements, expects CBP to continue to refine the Automated 
Targeting System [ATS]. ATS has proven an invaluable tool in 
identifying and countering terrorist travel and other illicit 
activity in the global travel and trade systems. The Committee 
understands that a team at the National Targeting Center 
continually develops tools to target illicit trade and travel 
and that products developed by this team result in positive law 
enforcement outcomes. The Committee recommends $122,617,000 for 
automated targeting systems and encourages CBP to effectively 
maintain, enhance, and build upon the current suite of 
targeting tools to meet mission needs.

                         REVENUE MODERNIZATION

    The Committee provides the requested $8,707,000 funding 
increase for revenue modernization business process 
improvement, system automation, and associated program 
management and acquisition activities. CBP shall invest in 
technologies to eliminate the need for CBP officers to accept 
cash for any transactions at POEs by 2020. The Committee 
directs CBP to brief the Committee on the major milestones and 
resources necessary to achieve this important outcome within 
120 days of the date of enactment of this act.

                    AUTOMATED COMMERCIAL ENVIRONMENT

    The Committee understands that the completion of the 
transition to ACE requires significant investments for both 
Federal and industry partners. The Committee fully expects that 
partner government agencies will prioritize providing the 
appropriate resources to support this transition. As part of 
the ACE semiannual briefing, the Committee directs CBP to 
include an outreach plan to ensure appropriate steps are taken.

                         INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY

    The Committee recommends $379,861,000 for IT. The Committee 
is disappointed CBP did not to comply with the direction 
included in Senate Report 114-68, and failed to provide 
additional details on both the allocation of base funding, as 
well as necessary adjustments to the base for IT, in the 
request. The Committee again directs CBP to provide the 
Committee with better visibility into CBP's proposed spending 
of appropriations and other funds executed by the Office of 
Information Technology in future requests.

        BORDER SECURITY FENCING, INFRASTRUCTURE, AND TECHNOLOGY

Appropriations, 2016....................................    $447,461,000
Budget estimate, 2017...................................     329,237,000
Committee recommendation................................     349,237,000

    The Border Security Fencing, Infrastructure, and Technology 
[BSFIT] account funds the capital procurement and total 
operations and maintenance costs associated with fencing, 
infrastructure, sensors, surveillance, and other border 
security technology.

                       COMMITTEE RECOMMENDATIONS

    The Committee recommends $349,237,000 for BSFIT, 
$20,000,000 more than requested and $98,224,000 below the 
amount provided in fiscal year 2016. The Committee recommends 
the increased funding requested for the Integrated Fixed Towers 
[IFT] program, reuse of Department of Defense [DOD] equipment, 
cross-border tunnel threat remediation, tactical aerostats, and 
relocatable towers. The Committee expects that these 
investments will be used to address gaps in situational 
awareness and be networked in a manner that will contribute to 
the operational picture. To maintain momentum with the IFT 
program, the Committee encourages CBP to continue planned 
deployments using prior year unobligated balances. Beyond the 
funding associated with the IFT program, the Committee is aware 
of substantial unobligated prior year balances for the BSFIT 
account and directs CBP to expeditiously complete the many 
projects funded in prior years.
    The following table summarizes the Committee's 
recommendations as compared to the fiscal year 2016 and budget 
request levels:

                             BORDER SECURITY FENCING, INFRASTRUCTURE, AND TECHNOLOGY
                                            [In thousands of dollars]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                            Fiscal year 2016  Fiscal year 2017      Committee
                                                                 enacted       budget request    recommendations
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Development and deployment................................           273,991            82,620            82,620
Operations and maintenance................................           173,530           246,617           266,617
                                                           -----------------------------------------------------
      Total, Border security fencing, infrastructure, and            447,461           329,237           349,237
       technology.........................................
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

                      DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE REUSE

    The Committee directs CBP to continue to expeditiously 
review and deploy available DOD equipment along the northern 
and southwest borders. This equipment has proven effective in 
dramatically increasing situational awareness and acting as a 
force multiplier in the field.

                           TETHERED AEROSTATS

    The Committee recommends $40,144,000, as requested, for 
operations and maintenance of the tethered aerostat radar 
systems [TARS] in CBP's inventory. The TARS program is a multi-
mission capability that supports both counternarcotics 
enforcement and air domain awareness. The program has assisted 
CBP with interdicting suspect aircraft for over 20 years, and 
as a result, operations and maintenance costs are increasing as 
recapitalization costs are looming. The Committee directs CBP 
to allocate any cost savings realized from other programs to 
replace obsolete wind profilers, transmitters, and other 
components whose increased failure rates have contributed to 
system downtime.

               TACTICAL AEROSTATS AND RELOCATABLE TOWERS

    The Committee provides $25,683,000 for this important DOD 
reuse technology, and directs CBP to evaluate the benefits of 
tactical aerostats against other persistent threat detection 
systems to ensure the correct mix of technology is deployed 
along our borders. Within the total provided, the Committee 
further directs CBP, after completing this evaluation, to 
deploy the technology which most effectively meets operational 
requirements and improves situational awareness.

                BORDER ROADS AND TACTICAL INFRASTRUCTURE

    The Committee urges CBP to work with counties along the 
United States-Mexico border to identify unimproved county roads 
which are predominantly used by the Border Patrol and that 
provide critical access to the border region for the purpose of 
maintaining border security. The Committee is aware of 
substantial requirements for repairs to tactical infrastructure 
and that additional funding is necessary to complete projects 
essential to officer safety. An additional $20,000,000 is 
recommended for critical repairs to federally-owned roads and 
tactical infrastructure, and the Committee directs CBP to 
provide the Committee with a spend plan for these funds and 
anticipated future requirements within 60 days of the date of 
enactment of this act.

                       AIR AND MARINE OPERATIONS

Appropriations, 2016....................................    $802,298,000
Budget estimate, 2017...................................     798,277,000
Committee recommendation................................     857,000,000

    The CBP AMO account funds the salaries and expenses, 
capital procurement, and operations and maintenance costs of 
the CBP air and marine program and provides support to other 
Federal, State, and local agencies.

                       COMMITTEE RECOMMENDATIONS

    The Committee recommends $857,000,000 for AMO, of which 
$541,668,000 is to remain available until September 30, 2019. 
This is an increase of $58,723,000 above the request and 
$54,702,000 above the amount provided in fiscal year 2016. The 
procurement recommendation includes three Multi-role 
Enforcement Aircraft, requested UH-60 Black Hawk 
recapitalization, as well as funding for light duty enforcement 
helicopters necessary to replace lost aircraft.
    The following table summarizes the Committee's 
recommendations as compared to the fiscal year 2016 and budget 
request levels:

                                            AIR AND MARINE OPERATIONS
                                            [In thousands of dollars]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                            Fiscal year 2016  Fiscal year 2017      Committee
                                                                 enacted       budget request    recommendations
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Salaries and expenses.....................................           300,429           330,009           315,332
Operations and maintenance................................           409,969           399,651           416,951
Procurement...............................................            91,900            68,617           124,717
                                                           -----------------------------------------------------
      Total, Air and Marine Operations....................           802,298           798,277           857,000
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    The Committee strongly supports CBP's continued efforts to 
recapitalize its air and marine assets to ensure that 
interdiction agents' hours spent both in the air and on the 
water are used effectively and improve situational awareness.

                        EFFECTIVE USE OF ASSETS

    The Committee has directed AMO to better measure the 
effectiveness of flight hours, and is pleased that a 
capabilities gap process is underway. It is critical that this 
process fully involve the Border Patrol, Homeland Security 
Investigations [HSI], and OFO. The Committee notes that AMO has 
not recently provided the Committee with a robust, multiyear 
capital plan detailing AMO's longer-term recapitalization and 
operations and maintenance requirements. The Committee directs 
AMO to brief the Committee within 60 days of the date of 
enactment of this act on the state of the current fleet, 
detailing whether aircraft are fully operational and being used 
or receiving major maintenance, as well as an estimated 
replacement schedule for each aircraft. The need for such a 
briefing became apparent as the Committee only recently learned 
that several aircraft had permanently been taken out of 
service. The Committee anticipates that the estimated 
replacement schedule will tie to the results of the C-GAP 
process, and, as a result, could include a re-prioritized mix 
of air, marine, and riverine assets.

                        UNMANNED AERIAL SYSTEMS

    The Committee fully supports AMO's use of unmanned aerial 
systems [UAS] to provide unparalleled capabilities for long 
duration land border and maritime detection, tracking, 
interdiction, and domain awareness. CBP has continually 
expanded its sensor mix, matured its concept of operations and 
pursued innovations that will promote long-range, independent 
UAS operations, and enhance safety of flight. CBP, in close 
coordination with the Federal Aviation Administration [FAA], 
continues to explore technology required to operate 
autonomously in the national airspace. Test and evaluation of a 
new Due Regard Radar [DRR], which provides airborne ``sense-
and-avoid'' capability, is in progress using a CBP UAS. The 
ability to detect and track both cooperative and non-
cooperative aircraft will also allow independent operations in 
international airspace, including the maritime drug source and 
transit zones. It will also serve as a test bed supporting the 
development of FAA national policy on the safe use of high-end 
UAS in the national airspace system.
    The Committee commends CBP for increasing UAS flight hours 
19 percent from 4,611 in fiscal year 2014 to 5,502 in fiscal 
year 2015, despite loss of one operational system late in 
fiscal year 2014. While flight hours have increased, the 
Committee understands the presence of multiple configurations 
of UAS within the fleet strains CBP's engineering resources, 
increases operating costs and aircrew workload, and also 
impacts operations, as older configurations of the UAS cannot 
be equipped with the most effective sensors. In addition, 
replacement software, antennae, and modems must be upgraded in 
order to increase the effectiveness of UAS flight hours. The 
Committee recommends $17,300,000 above the request to upgrade 
the UAS fleet to address the challenges and increase 
operational flight hours.
    In addition, the Committee directs the Department to report 
on the number of times that CBP UAS are used in response to a 
specific request to support State, local, and tribal law 
enforcement entities in the prior fiscal year.

                      LIGHT ENFORCEMENT HELICOPTER

    CBP's light enforcement helicopters are critical to 
supporting its border security mission and other law 
enforcement activities that have a nexus to DHS authorities. 
The helicopters fly 42,000-45,000 flight hours per year, nearly 
half of AMO's annual flight hours. Yet, CBP's inventory of 
these helicopters has diminished by five due to recent 
accidents and could be reduced further with three airframes 
approaching their third 12-year major inspection cycles. The 
Committee recommends an additional $31,500,000 for the current 
light enforcement helicopter requirement. Given the purpose of 
fleet sustainment, DHS is developing a streamlined procurement 
process for this effort and any similar future efforts.

                 CONSTRUCTION AND FACILITIES MANAGEMENT

Appropriations, 2016....................................    $340,128,000
Budget estimate, 2017...................................     305,754,000
Committee recommendation................................     296,400,000

    This appropriation provides funding to plan, construct, 
renovate, equip, and maintain buildings and facilities 
necessary for the administration and enforcement of the laws 
relating to immigration, customs, and alien registration.

                       COMMITTEE RECOMMENDATIONS

    The Committee recommends $296,400,000 for construction and 
facilities management activities of CBP, to remain available 
until September 30, 2021. This is $9,354,000 below the amount 
requested and $43,728,000 below the amount provided in fiscal 
year 2016. The Committee understands that CBP has been pursuing 
government-wide initiatives to limit the growth of the Federal 
real estate footprint and directs CBP to continue these efforts 
both at headquarters and in the field.
    The following table summarizes the Committee's 
recommendations as compared to the fiscal year 2016 and budget 
request levels:

                                     CONSTRUCTION AND FACILITIES MANAGEMENT
                                            [In thousands of dollars]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                            Fiscal year 2016  Fiscal year 2017      Committee
                                                                 enacted       budget request    recommendations
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Facility construction and sustainment.....................           255,378           224,289           217,289
Program oversight and management..........................            84,750            81,465            79,111
                                                           -----------------------------------------------------
      Total, Construction and facilities management.......           340,128           305,754           296,400
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

                          BROWN FIELD STATION

    The Committee is disappointed that CBP requested partial 
funding of $25,000,000 for the Brown Field Station in 
California, an amount described in the budget submission as 
being $8,000,000 short of the station's total construction 
cost. The recommended level includes $33,000,000, the amount 
necessary to begin construction, recognizing administration 
policy would preclude this critical project going forward until 
fully funded.

                          FACILITIES SPENDING

    The Committee notes that, aside from the proposed spending 
for the Brown Field Station, the budget request lacks details 
on the plans for major projects, including significant 
maintenance projects. The Committee recognizes that many CBP 
facilities are in need of repair and directs CBP to provide an 
inventory of all projects whose costs will exceed $100,000 with 
the fiscal year 2018 request. The Committee is concerned that 
CBP is not using all of its real property effectively, as 
highlighted by underutilized warehouse space detailed in OIG-
15-138. The Committee directs CBP to regularly review its usage 
of all real property, whether owned or leased, and terminate or 
downsize leases and dispose of unneeded real property, as 
appropriate.

                        5-YEAR CONSTRUCTION PLAN

    The Committee reminds CBP that Public Law 112-74 made 
permanent the requirement that a 5-year plan for all Federal 
land POEs be submitted annually with the President's budget 
request. The Committee directs the Department to continue to 
work with the General Services Administration on its nationwide 
strategy to prioritize and address infrastructure needs at land 
POEs and to comply with the requirements of the Public 
Buildings Act of 1959 (40 U.S.C. 3301) and seek necessary 
funding.

                U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement


                                SUMMARY

    U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement [ICE] is 
responsible for enforcing immigration and customs laws and 
detaining and removing deportable or inadmissible aliens.

                       COMMITTEE RECOMMENDATIONS

    The Committee recommends total resources of $6,311,984,000, 
including direct appropriations of $5,963,984,000, and 
estimated fee collections of $348,000,000.
    The following table summarizes the Committee's 
recommendations as compared to the fiscal year 2016 and budget 
request levels:

                            U.S. IMMIGRATION AND CUSTOMS ENFORCEMENT--FUNDING SUMMARY
                                            [In thousands of dollars]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                            Fiscal year 2016  Fiscal year 2017      Committee
                                                                 enacted       budget request    recommendations
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Appropriations:
    Salaries and expenses.................................         5,779,041         5,861,976         5,934,184
    Automation modernization..............................            53,000            43,230            29,800
    Construction..........................................  ................             7,000  ................
                                                           -----------------------------------------------------
      Total, Appropriations...............................         5,832,041         5,912,206         5,963,984
                                                           =====================================================
Estimated Fee Collections:
    Immigration inspection user fee.......................           135,000           135,000           135,000
    Breached bond/detention fund..........................            42,000            42,000            42,000
    Student exchange and visitor fee......................           145,000           145,000           171,000
                                                           -----------------------------------------------------
      Total, Estimated fee collections....................           322,000           322,000           348,000
                                                           =====================================================
      Total, U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement.....         6,154,041         6,234,206         6,311,984
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

                         SALARIES AND EXPENSES

Appropriations, 2016....................................  $5,779,041,000
Budget estimate, 2017...................................   5,861,976,000
Committee recommendation................................   5,934,184,000

    The ICE Salaries and Expenses account provides funds for 
the enforcement of immigration and customs laws, intelligence, 
and detention and removals. In addition to directly 
appropriated resources, funding is derived from the following 
offsetting collections:
    Immigration Inspection User Fee.--ICE derives funds from 
user fees to support the costs of detention and removals in 
connection with international inspections activities at 
airports and seaports, as authorized by the Immigration and 
Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1356).
    Student Exchange Visitor Program Fee.--ICE collects fees 
from foreign students, exchange visitors, and schools and 
universities to certify and monitor participating schools, and 
to conduct compliance audits.
    Immigration Breached Bond/Detention Fund.--ICE derives 
funds from the recovery of breached cash and surety bonds in 
excess of $8,000,000, as authorized by the Immigration and 
Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1356); and from a portion of fees 
charged under section 245(i) of the Immigration and Nationality 
Act to support the cost of the detention of aliens.

                       COMMITTEE RECOMMENDATIONS

    The Committee recommends $5,934,184,000 for Salaries and 
Expenses of ICE for fiscal year 2017. This is $72,208,000 above 
the request and $155,143,000 above the amount provided in 
fiscal year 2016. The Committee includes bill language placing 
a $35,000 limit on overtime paid to any employee; making up to 
$10,000,000 available for special operations; making up to 
$2,000,000 available for the payment of informants; making up 
to $11,216,000 available to reimburse other Federal agencies 
for the costs associated with the care, maintenance, and 
repatriation of smuggled illegal aliens; making not less than 
$305,000 available for promotion of public awareness of the 
child pornography tipline and activities to counter child 
exploitation; making not less than $5,400,000 available to 
facilitate agreements consistent with section 287(g) of the 
Immigration and Nationality Act; making $15,770,000 available 
for activities to enforce laws against forced child labor, of 
which $6,000,000 shall remain available until expended; making 
up to $11,475 available for official reception and 
representation expenses; and making a total of $18,300,000 
available until September 30, 2018, for the Visa Security 
Program [VSP] and international operations postings.
    The Committee recognizes ICE continues to have several 
hundred staffing vacancies and is taking action to fill these 
vacancies. The amount recommended by the Committee annualizes 
the special agent, attorney, enforcement and removal officer, 
and support positions projected to be filled by the end of 
fiscal year 2017.
    The following table summarizes the Committee's 
recommendations as compared to the fiscal year 2016 and budget 
request levels:

                         U.S. IMMIGRATION AND CUSTOMS ENFORCEMENT--SALARIES AND EXPENSES
                                            [In thousands of dollars]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                            Fiscal year 2016  Fiscal year 2017      Committee
                                                                 enacted       budget request    recommendations
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Headquarters, management, and administration:
    Personnel compensation and benefits, services, and               190,880           203,015           191,019
     other costs..........................................
    Headquarters-managed IT investment....................           148,957           161,474           161,783
                                                           -----------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Headquarters, management, and                        339,837           364,489           352,802
       administration.....................................
                                                           =====================================================
Legal proceedings.........................................           239,894           268,393           257,787
                                                           =====================================================
Investigations:
    Domestic investigations...............................         1,761,829         1,892,183         1,844,231
    International operations..............................           107,210           114,255           113,551
    Visa Security Program.................................            32,561            32,496            45,484
                                                           -----------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Investigations............................         1,901,600         2,038,934         2,003,266
                                                           =====================================================
Intelligence..............................................            79,768            81,996            80,141
                                                           =====================================================
Enforcement and removal operations:
    Custody operations....................................         2,316,744         2,178,963         2,321,866
    Fugitive operations...................................           156,572           133,133           151,129
    Criminal Alien Program................................           317,177           347,455           318,091
    Alternatives to detention.............................           114,275           125,966           124,866
    Transportation and Removal Program....................           313,174           315,647           324,236
    UAC Contingency Fund..................................  ................             7,000  ................
                                                           -----------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Enforcement and removal operations........         3,217,942         3,108,164         3,240,188
                                                           =====================================================
        Total, Salaries and expenses......................         5,779,041         5,861,976         5,934,184
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

                        METRICS AND DATA SYSTEMS

    The Committee continues to believe ICE must modernize its 
data systems, capture the information necessary to assess its 
effectiveness, and report to the public on its activities. It 
is vital that ICE improve its ability to report on each step of 
the immigration enforcement and criminal justice lifecycles, 
including how and why aliens are encountered by law 
enforcement, and what decisions are made regarding their 
processing, including use of discretion and all of the factors 
considered when decisions are made on disposition. This 
necessarily includes whether or not aliens are put into removal 
proceedings and detained, a review of their prior arrests and 
convictions, and their level of criminality, gang affiliation, 
and other appropriate attributes.
    In fiscal years 2015 and 2016, the Committee directed ICE 
to report on gang affiliations for aliens it encounters, yet 
ICE has proven unable to provide this information. The 
continued inability to report contrasts sharply with how 
quickly ICE was able to modify its data systems when faced with 
a requirement from the administration to dramatically retool 
systems in support of revised enforcement priorities. However, 
ICE did seek assistance in assessing its data needs and systems 
by contracting with the Homeland Security Systems Engineering 
and Development Institute [HSSEDI] for a plan and 
recommendations. HSSEDI provided a framework for improvements 
and, recognizing that further investments were needed to 
improve data management, the Congress provided an additional 
$3,000,000 in fiscal year 2016 to proceed with some of the 
necessary activities outlined by HSSEDI. Unfortunately, ICE's 
commitment to data management is not reflective of the 
Committee's consistent direction to address systemic policy and 
data gaps, as ICE does not have an individual in place to lead 
this important effort, and also failed to request funding to 
continue this effort for fiscal year 2017.
    The Committee recommends an additional $6,000,000 for a 
comprehensive plan for immigration data improvement, and 
directs ICE to dedicate permanent staffing resources for its 
enterprise data management efforts and improve component-wide 
information governance practices in conjunction with the DHS 
Office of Immigration Statistics, and all Federal agencies with 
roles in the immigration enforcement lifecycle. The head of 
this effort should be a Chief Data Officer and report to the 
Deputy Director of ICE, at least until immigration data 
management efforts have reached maturity, with resources 
coordinated as necessary with the Enforcement and Removal 
Office [ERO] as well as the Chief Information Officer. This 
office will execute the recommendations made by HSSEDI and work 
with the Department's Digital Services staff to develop several 
pilots to more rapidly improve ICE's desired end-state for 
immigration data management including data collection 
standards, data quality practices, and common reporting 
methodologies. Pilot results shall be presented to the 
Committee upon completion and inform the development of a 
longer-term strategy for modernizing critical immigration data 
operations at ICE. The bill includes a provision withholding 
$100,000,000 from ICE's Salaries and Expenses account until the 
Director submits a comprehensive plan for immigration data 
improvement, and the Committee directs the plan to detail 
requirements necessary to report on gang membership as required 
in Senate Report 114-68. The plan should prioritize steps 
necessary to get the best possible information into the hands 
of the frontline officers, while also collecting details on 
immigration enforcement decision-making, including details on 
the use of prosecutorial discretion.

                        IMMIGRATION ENFORCEMENT

    The Committee has consistently provided ICE ERO with the 
resources necessary to implement enacted immigration laws and 
expects that ICE will utilize these resources in a manner 
transparent to the Committee as well as the public.
    ICE's most recent annual enforcement statistics show that 
the number of alien removals continues to decline. In fiscal 
year 2015, ICE removals totaled 235,413 aliens, compared with 
315,943 removed in fiscal year 2014. While the Administration 
has indicated enforcement resources would be targeted based on 
the risk an alien poses to their community, the number of 
convicted criminal aliens removed dropped from 176,928 in 
fiscal year 2014 to 139,368 in fiscal year 2015. The 
overwhelming majority of the total removals are the result of 
CBP apprehensions at or near the border, as ICE is targeting 
and removing only a limited subset of immigration violators 
from the interior of the United States dropping by 37,560 from 
fiscal year 2014 to fiscal year 2015. The Committee is 
concerned that ICE's budget request would justify this downward 
trend and continue it in fiscal year 2017. Maintaining an 
adequate number of detention beds is critical to ensuring the 
integrity of our entire immigration enforcement system, 
including border enforcement. The request cuts the total number 
of detention beds by more than 2,000 when compared to the 
average daily population so far this fiscal year. The 
recommended funding level includes $143,000,000 above the 
request so that ICE can maintain an average daily population of 
34,000, and the Committee expects ICE to vigorously enforce all 
immigration laws under its purview.

                     CUSTODY OPERATIONS CONTRACTING

    The fiscal year 2017 budget request assumes substantial 
savings reductions to the daily rates for family residential 
centers, and ICE assumed such savings without consulting with 
industry or public sector service providers. It is unlikely ICE 
will realize the 50 percent savings assumed in the budget 
before fiscal year 2016 ends, so ICE will need to, at a 
minimum, temporarily exercise options to extend operations with 
current providers into fiscal year 2017. The Committee 
recommends an additional $50,000,000, the cost of two months of 
service at the Dilley Family Residential Facility, to sustain 
ICE's commitments and directs ICE to immediately notify the 
Committee if ICE determines the daily rate savings assumed in 
the request will not be realized.

                 OFFICE OF THE PRINCIPAL LEGAL ADVISOR

    The Committee recommends $257,787,000 for the Office of the 
Principal Legal Advisor [OPLA], including continued support for 
new positions funded in 2016. The Committee understands that 
OPLA will not be able to hire all of the attorneys being 
deployed to field offices in fiscal year 2016 and has adjusted 
the OPLA funding recommendation accordingly.

                             INVESTIGATIONS

    The Committee recommends a total of $1,844,231,000 for HSI 
domestic investigations. Within the total, up to $66,000,000 is 
for the replacement of vehicles and tactical radios. The 
Committee recognizes that HSI is currently recruiting and 
onboarding many new investigators, and that many will not be on 
board until late in calendar year 2017. The Committee directs 
ICE to continue the $10,000,000 increased level of effort for 
visa overstay enforcement as directed in the explanatory 
statement accompanying Public Law 114-113, and directs ICE to 
use the system enhancements and studies funded in fiscal year 
2016 to increase HSI's investigative level of effort for 
overstay enforcement in fiscal year 2017. ICE shall brief the 
Committee on ICE's overstay enforcement efforts, including 
activities in support of the Department-wide activities 
described in title I of this report, within 60 days of the date 
of enactment of this act. The Committee further directs ICE to 
continue to dedicate $10,000,000 for expanded investigations 
into severe forms of human trafficking and against suspected 
human traffickers, as directed in the explanatory statement 
accompanying Public Law 114-113. Further, ICE shall maintain 
its relationship with the National Center for Missing and 
Exploited Children supporting investigations and other 
activities to counter child-exploitation.

                           HUMAN TRAFFICKING

    ICE plays a critical role in investigating criminal 
organizations trafficking individuals into and within the 
United States. The Committee encourages DHS to continue working 
with appropriate nonprofit organizations and victim service 
providers to improve the training of ICE officers in the field 
assisting in the identification of human trafficking victims, 
especially children, and provide appropriate referrals to 
victim service organizations. The Committee also directs ICE to 
report not later than 180 days after the date of enactment of 
this act on the feasibility and costs associated with 
partnering with appropriate non-governmental organizations on a 
human trafficking victim witness coordinator program.

                        HERO CHILD RESCUE CORPS

    The Committee continues to support the Human Exploitation 
Rescue Operative [HERO] Child Rescue Corps program. For fiscal 
year 2016, it is anticipated that HSI will train approximately 
40 HERO participants in two classes. The Committee expects ICE 
to allocate not less than $1,000,000 in available funds to 
hire, train, and equip wounded, ill, or injured veterans as 
digital forensic analysts or investigators to support child 
exploitation investigations. The Committee directs HSI, in 
consultation with DHS OCHCO, to study the potential costs and 
policy implications of providing compensation to those 
participating in HERO internships.

                                 GANGS

    The Committee supports the work of the National Gang Unit 
and encourages ICE to continue its investigations of gangs of 
national significance. Gangs are perpetuating much of the 
violence in our major urban areas while also engaging in a 
variety of illicit activity including international drug, gun, 
and human trafficking. The Committee remains concerned about 
increasing gang violence and criminal activity in many parts of 
our Nation and directs ICE to continually track gang membership 
amongst fugitives as well as the detained and non-detained 
populations.

                       WAR CRIMES INVESTIGATIONS

    The Committee continues to be concerned by the large number 
of suspected human rights violators from foreign countries who 
have found safe haven in the United States. As directed in 
Senate Report 114-68, ICE shall allocate not less than 
$5,300,000 for expenses, including but not limited to hiring 
additional OPLA Human Rights Law Section and HSI Human Rights 
Violators and War Crimes Unit personnel, training, and 
transportation.

                    TRADE COMPLIANCE AND ENFORCEMENT

    The Committee directs not less than $15,000,000 to support 
intellectual property rights [IPR] and commercial trade fraud 
investigations, including undercover equipment, translation and 
transcription of court-ordered wiretaps, commercial fraud 
training, and outreach at the National IPR Coordination Center 
[NIPRCC]. The Committee notes ICE's emphasis on goods 
potentially dangerous to Americans, but also encourages ICE to 
consider the deterrent value of its investigations, as well as 
the potential financial impact criminal activities have on U.S. 
companies, when establishing its investigative priorities. The 
Committee urges the NIPRCC to prioritize staff and enforcement 
to combating online copyright piracy and supporting copyright 
owners' efforts to curtail piracy, and directs ICE to brief the 
Committee not later than 90 days after the date of enactment of 
this act on efforts to increase online copyright piracy 
enforcement activities.

    STUDENT AND EXCHANGE VISITOR INFORMATION SYSTEM AND ENFORCEMENT

    The Student and Exchange Visitor Information System [SEVIS] 
was launched in 2002 to mitigate critical vulnerabilities 
exploited by the 9/11 hijackers. The Committee understands that 
ICE has worked to develop a robust peer-reviewed acquisition 
strategy to replace SEVIS with an updated system which will 
expand functionality and address current vulnerabilities. The 
Committee directs ICE to incorporate features into the new 
system to improve information sharing with Federal partners and 
provide for overstay enforcement and reporting. The Committee 
notes $171,000,000 of fee spending for SEVIS, $26,000,000 more 
than the request, is available to expedite system development 
and dedicate additional investigative hours to ensure students 
who fail to comply with the terms of their visas face 
appropriate consequences.

                     LAW ENFORCEMENT SUPPORT CENTER

    The Committee continues funding of $34,500,000 for 
resources and full-time law enforcement personnel at the Law 
Enforcement Support Center [LESC] and recommends that ICE 
ensure that current operations being carried out at the LESC 
remain centralized at the LESC facility and are not 
unnecessarily duplicated in other parts of the country.

                      INTERNATIONAL INVESTIGATIONS

    The Committee recommends $113,551,000 for international 
operations and $45,484,000 for VSP. Of the total amount 
provided for VSP, $18,300,000 is available for obligation 
through September 30, 2018, due to the lengthy period of time 
it takes to place ICE personnel abroad. In fiscal year 2017, 
ICE is directed to maintain or increase the level of effort for 
international investigations to disrupt transnational criminal 
organizations involved in bringing children from Central 
America to the U.S. border.
    The Committee directs ICE to review the current IT 
equipment and level of connectivity supporting its personnel 
abroad and upgrade as necessary to ensure these personnel are 
provided with the tools and connectivity necessary to perform 
their mission in an effective manner.

                       INTERNATIONAL MEGAN'S LAW

    The Committee applauds ICE's efforts to combat 
international child exploitation. Through Operation Angel 
Watch, a joint effort with CBP and the U.S. Marshals Service, 
HSI and its partner agencies use publically-available sex 
offender registry information and passenger travel data to 
strategically alert foreign law enforcement partners through 
HSI attache offices of a convicted child predator's intent to 
travel to their country. This information is provided to 
foreign law enforcement for action as they deem appropriate. In 
fiscal year 2015, a total of 2,172 Angel Watch referrals were 
sent to over 95 countries around the globe as a preemptive 
notification to foreign law enforcement in the fight to stop 
child sex tourism. These referrals resulted in 1,067 denials to 
enter these countries.
    The recently-enacted International Megan's Law 
significantly expands the U.S. Government's efforts to protect 
children around the world from sexual predators. The law builds 
on HSI's Operation Angel Watch by authorizing an enhanced Angel 
Watch Center within ICE's Child Exploitation Investigations 
Unit. In addition to formally authorizing and expanding 
activities already conducted under Operation Angel Watch, the 
law also grants the Angel Watch Center the authority to receive 
advance notice of incoming foreign sex offenders. The Committee 
directs ICE to allocate no less than $5,000,000 to support 
HSI's implementation of International Megan's Law in fiscal 
year 2017, and directs ICE to brief the Committee semiannually 
on efforts to protect children around the world from sex 
tourism.

                         SEX OFFENDER REGISTRY

    The Committee understands that ICE has improved 
notification of enforcement authorities and regulatory State 
organizations through the Sex Offender Registration and 
Notification Act [SORNA] exchange portal when ICE releases an 
individual in their jurisdiction who has a registration 
requirement. However, the Committee is concerned that ICE's 
current sex offender notification and reporting tools and 
practices do not result in all local law enforcement officials 
receiving the information ICE enters into the SORNA exchange 
portal. An additional $2,000,000 is provided to identify 
potential information gaps, and then address these gaps to 
ensure information is provided in real time on ICE detainees 
with sex and/or violent offender records to jurisdictions where 
they plan to reside. ICE shall keep the Committee apprised as 
it takes steps to address these gaps.

                      PRIORITY ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM

    The Priority Enforcement Program [PEP] helps ICE address 
some of the community safety problems and enforcement gaps 
presented when States and localities are unwilling or unable to 
honor ICE detainers placed on criminal aliens while they are 
incarcerated. State and local law enforcement agencies declined 
a total of 18,753 detainers from January 1, 2014, through the 
end of fiscal year 2015. This total represents 10 percent of 
the 213,812 detainers prepared during this time period, and 
ICE's application of its enforcement priorities to detainers 
means that aliens posing threats to national security, border 
security, and public safety, as well as immigration violators, 
were released into society. The Committee directs ICE to brief 
the Committee quarterly on efforts to increase PEP compliance, 
and detail the number of aliens released by the jurisdictions 
which fail to honor the largest number of requests from ICE and 
their crimes. In order to help protect Americans from dangerous 
criminals released into the community, the Committee directs 
ICE to evaluate how the Committee-directed enhancements to the 
sex offender notification system could be leveraged to notify 
State and local police of the releases of criminals from 
prison, and brief the Committee within 90 days of the date of 
enactment of this act on this evaluation. The Committee further 
directs ICE to notify communities immediately and report 
quarterly on instances when either ICE, or State and local 
authorities, plan to release from custody a criminal alien who 
could be lawfully detained pending removal proceedings, and has 
been previously convicted of a felony crime of violence or a 
felony sex crime.

                       ALTERNATIVES TO DETENTION

    The Committee recommends $124,866,000 for the Alternatives 
to Detention [ATD] program. This level supports the total 
number of participants included in the request and is 
$10,591,000 above the enacted level. The Committee directs ICE 
to continue exploring the use of the most effective ATD models, 
and prioritize the use of such detention alternatives for 
families as appropriate.

                      MOBILE CRIMINAL ALIEN TEAMS

    The Committee directs ICE to continue support for 10 new 
Mobile Criminal Alien Teams [MCAT] funded in 2016. The 
Committee understands that MCAT officers continue to be hired 
and trained and that ICE is working expeditiously to expand the 
capability to identify at-large criminal aliens. When dangerous 
criminals are released from jail or are otherwise present in 
communities around the United States, MCATs are necessary to 
respond to threats to public safety by supplementing 
immigration enforcement efforts targeted against at-large 
criminal aliens, to include sexual offenders, drug traffickers, 
gangs, fugitives, and other violent felons.

                            STAYS OF REMOVAL

    The Committee directs ICE to detail the policies governing 
ICE personnel, including Field Office Directors, exercising 
discretion to grant stays of removal, and provide a report 
detailing, by field office, the number of and reasons for stays 
of removal being granted during each of fiscal years 2012 
through 2015. This is information that ICE should be able to 
produce on an annual basis going forward.

                           287(G) AGREEMENTS

    The Committee is aware of jurisdictions waiting longer than 
5 years for decisions from ICE on requests for 287(g) 
agreements. While ICE can choose not to enter into 287(g) 
agreements, it is wholly unacceptable that ICE has not 
responded to applicants. The Committee directs ICE to respond 
to requests within 4 months of receiving a complete request 
from a jurisdiction.

                           COMMUNITY OUTREACH

    The Committee directs ICE to ensure Victim Witness 
Coordinators and Community Outreach Officers develop, support, 
and maintain partnerships necessary to provide assistance to 
U.S. citizens who are victims of crimes committed by aliens. 
ICE shall provide the Committee with the job description for 
these new positions that includes that responsibility.

                     DETENTION FACILITY INSPECTIONS

    The Committee directs ICE to report quarterly on the number 
of detention facility inspections and reviews, including 
details on the results of the reviews and estimated cost of the 
reviews. The Committee urges the submission of all immigration 
detention facility inspections and reviews directly to OIG 
prior to any changes, corrections, or edits made by ICE 
personnel.

                        AUTOMATION MODERNIZATION

Appropriations, 2016....................................     $53,000,000
Budget estimate, 2017...................................      43,230,000
Committee recommendation................................      29,800,000

    The Automation Modernization account provides funds for 
major IT projects for ICE.

                       COMMITTEE RECOMMENDATIONS

    The Committee recommends a total of $29,800,000, 
$13,430,000 less than the request and $23,200,000 below the 
amount provided in fiscal year 2016. These funds are to remain 
available until September 30, 2019. The recommended level is 
consistent with prior year levels and reflective of ICE's 
capacity to deliver longer term IT projects. The Committee 
notes ICE has not yet obligated any of the funds provided for 
critical projects in fiscal year 2016.

                                            AUTOMATION MODERNIZATION
                                            [In thousands of dollars]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                            Fiscal year 2016  Fiscal year 2017      Committee
                                                                 enacted       budget request    recommendations
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Consolidated ICE Financial Solution.......................             5,000            11,800            11,800
TECS modernization........................................            21,500            21,000            16,000
IT Refresh................................................             4,000            10,430             2,000
Tactical Communications...................................            18,500  ................  ................
ICE Operational Data Store................................             4,000  ................  ................
                                                           -----------------------------------------------------
    Total, Automation Modernization.......................            53,000            43,230            29,800
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

                           TECS MODERNIZATION

    The Committee encourages ICE to continually assess 
projected operations and maintenance costs during the 
development period and weigh the benefits of enhanced system 
functionality against any increases in recurring operating 
costs, particularly costs related to bandwidth and data 
requirements. The Committee recommends a funding level in line 
with projected fiscal year 2017 obligations.

                  CONSOLIDATED ICE FINANCIAL SOLUTION

    The Committee recommends $11,800,000, as requested, for the 
Consolidated ICE Financial Solution [CIFS] and directs ICE to 
brief the Committee on the projected costs and timeline for 
CIFS completion within 90 days of the date of enactment of this 
act.

                              Construction

Appropriations, 2016....................................................
Budget estimate, 2017...................................      $7,000,000
Committee recommendation................................................

    This appropriation provides funding to plan, construct, 
renovate, equip, and maintain buildings and facilities 
necessary for the administration and enforcement of the laws 
relating to immigration, detention, and alien registration.

                       COMMITTEE RECOMMENDATIONS

    The Committee recommends no funding for this account. The 
Committee notes that up to $45,000,000 is provided within the 
Salaries and Expenses account for necessary facilities expenses 
at both ICE-owned and leased properties.

                 Transportation Security Administration

    The Transportation Security Administration [TSA] is charged 
with ensuring security across U.S. transportation systems, 
including aviation, railways, highways, pipelines, and 
waterways, and safeguarding the freedom of movement of people 
and commerce. Separate appropriations are provided for the 
following activities within TSA: aviation security including 
Federal Air Marshals; surface transportation security; 
intelligence and vetting; and transportation security support.

                       COMMITTEE RECOMMENDATIONS

    The Committee recommends a total program level of 
$7,668,504,000 and a net of $5,075,455,000 for the activities 
of TSA for fiscal year 2017.
    The following table summarizes the Committee's 
recommendations as compared to the fiscal year 2016 and budget 
request levels:

                                     TRANSPORTATION SECURITY ADMINISTRATION
                                            [In thousands of dollars]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                          Fiscal year 2016   Fiscal year 2017      Committee
                                                              enacted         budget request    recommendations
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Aviation Security......................................         5,719,437          5,820,807          5,898,382
Aviation Security Capital Fund (mandatory).............          (250,000)          (250,000)          (250,000)
Surface Transportation Security........................           110,798            122,716            122,716
Intelligence and Vetting (direct appropriations).......           236,693            231,132            231,132
Intelligence and Vetting (fee-funded programs).........           199,153            213,049            213,049
Transportation Security Support........................           924,015            951,375            953,225
                                                        --------------------------------------------------------
      Total, Transportation Security Administration             7,440,096          7,589,079          7,668,504
       (gross).........................................
 
Aviation Security Fees.................................        -2,130,000         -2,130,000         -2,130,000
Additional Offsetting Collections (leg. proposal)......  .................          -880,000   .................
 
Aviation Security Capital Fund (mandatory).............          -250,000           -250,000           -250,000
Fee-funded programs....................................          -199,153           -213,049           -213,049
                                                        --------------------------------------------------------
      Total, Transportation Security Administration             4,860,943          4,116,030          5,075,455
       (net)...........................................
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

                           AVIATION SECURITY

Appropriations, 2016....................................  $5,719,437,000
Budget estimate, 2017...................................   5,820,807,000
Committee recommendation................................   5,898,382,000

    The Aviation Security account provides for Federal aviation 
security, including screening of all passengers and baggage, 
deployment of on-site law enforcement, continuation of a 
uniform set of background requirements for airport and airline 
personnel, and deployment of explosives detection technology.
    The aviation security activities include funding for: 
Federal transportation security officers [TSOs] and private 
contract screeners; air cargo security; procurement, 
installation, and maintenance of explosives detection systems 
[EDS]; checkpoint technologies and support; airport management 
and support; Federal Air Marshals and other aviation regulation 
and enforcement activities.
    For the second year in a row, TSA delivered a budget that 
the Department knew was inadequate when transmitted. Moreover, 
since February, TSA has described to the Congress myriad 
changes it requires. While the budget building process begins 
years before the year of execution, it is inaccurate to claim 
that an agency can not update assumptions or make changes as 
necessary prior to submission, particularly to support the 
security of the American people. The President's budget is the 
agency's opportunity to be transparent to travelers that 
appropriate staff will be present to ensure a safe, efficient 
experience at the checkpoint. Similarly, acquisitions and 
procurements detailed in the budget are a signal to industry 
about mission needs and the agency's desire to continue a 
current effort or partnership. Given challenges with the 
accuracy of the budget, it rests with the Committee to 
accurately describe the demands TSA believes it faces.
    To meet critical, unfunded needs within TSA, the Committee 
provides $5,898,382,000 in gross discretionary appropriations 
for the Aviation Security account. This is $178,945,000 more 
than fiscal year 2016 enacted and will support the following:
  --Mitigate wait times by providing 1,344 personnel to staff 
        checkpoints while ensuring appropriate security.
  --Increase expedited passenger throughput, and support 
        airport security with 50 additional canine teams. These 
        teams will include Passenger Screening Canines as well 
        as teams provided by TSA to State and local law 
        enforcement.
  --$27,800,000 to invest in TSA's Next Carry-on Baggage X-Ray 
        solution, as well as funds to better integrate new 
        technology through the Innovation Task Force [ITF].
  --$7,200,000 to expand the current fleet of Explosive Trace 
        Detection [ETD] systems.
  --Additional support to the Federal Flight Deck Officer 
        [FFDO] program to ensure that unfunded needs are met 
        and that training classes are available to pilots 
        interested in participating.
    While these steps will mitigate wait times, the anticipated 
growth in passenger volumes cannot be met effectively merely by 
hiring more and more TSOs. It is incumbent on TSA to make 
better use of the people it has and, through the Innovation 
Task Force, find more efficient ways to move travelers through 
space constrained airports.
    Finally, and with respect to these airports, the Committee 
encourages TSA to carefully consider proposals from their key 
stakeholders who offer a wealth of knowledge and experience. 
Suggestions on how to more effectively deploy personnel during 
peak times as well as devolving additional manpower control to 
local leadership should all be considered. To the extent the 
Congress can act on these suggestions it has, including 
providing additional funding for canine teams, overtime and 
accelerated hiring, and support for expedited screening 
programs. The commercial aviation sector--and multi-modal 
locations in general--remain a target of terrorist 
organizations worldwide and the Department will need to lead a 
total unity of effort across the public and private sectors to 
combat this threat.

                       COMMITTEE RECOMMENDATIONS

    The Committee recommends $5,898,382,000 for aviation 
security activities. This is $178,945,000 above the fiscal year 
2016 enacted level and $77,575,000 above the amount requested. 
Of this amount, the Committee recommends not to exceed $7,650 
for official reception and representation expenses.
    The following table summarizes the Committee's 
recommendations as compared to the fiscal year 2016 and budget 
request levels:

                                                AVIATION SECURITY
                                            [In thousands of dollars]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                          Fiscal year 2016   Fiscal year 2017      Committee
                                                              enacted         budget request    recommendations
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Screening Partnership Program..........................           166,928            170,382            170,382
Screening Personnel, Compensation, and Benefits........         2,973,839          3,045,941          3,088,302
Screener Training and Other............................           239,025            235,668            240,388
Checkpoint Support.....................................           111,201            115,305            115,305
EDS Procurement/Installation...........................            82,168             82,939             82,939
Screening Technology Maintenance.......................           280,509            280,500            280,500
Aviation Regulation and Other Enforcement..............           337,345            349,687            374,042
Airport Management and Support.........................           597,899            598,724            602,163
FFDO and Flight Crew Training..........................            20,758             19,773             22,473
Air Cargo..............................................           104,689            106,575            106,575
Federal Air Marshals...................................           805,076            815,313            815,313
Aviation Security Capital Fund (mandatory).............          (250,000)          (250,000)          (250,000)
                                                        --------------------------------------------------------
      Total, Aviation Security.........................         5,719,437          5,820,807          5,898,382
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

                         AVIATION SECURITY FEES

    Despite statutory language to the contrary, TSA has again 
assumed offsetting collections that were not enacted into law, 
resulting in $880,000,000 of unfunded needs. This budget 
gimmick has been used before and, for that reason, was 
statutorily prohibited. Its use again requires this Committee 
to not only find these funds within its allocation, but also to 
identify additional funds for the unfunded priorities discussed 
in this report.

                     SCREENING PARTNERSHIP PROGRAM

    The Committee recommends $170,382,000 for the Screening 
Partnership Program [SPP], as requested. The recommendation 
includes the necessary funds for security at airports where 
private screening contracts are in place, including four 
airports recently added to the program.
    The Committee acknowledges the important alternative SPP 
provides TSA airports in deciding to ``opt-out'' and request 
private screening support instead of Federal screeners. 
Commensurate with the Committee's interest in this program, TSA 
shall notify the Committee within 10 days of any changes in 
private screening contracts, including new awards under the 
SPP, or the movement from privatized screening to Federal 
screening.

             SCREENER PERSONNEL, COMPENSATION, AND BENEFITS

    The Committee recommends $3,088,302,000 for Screener 
Personnel, Compensation, and Benefits. This is $42,361,000 
above the amount requested and $114,463,000 above the amount 
provided in fiscal year 2016. Of this amount, an additional 
$42,361,000 is included above the request to support 612 FTE, 
which is 1,344 personnel, who will be critical to mitigating 
wait times while maintaining appropriate security. This is the 
second year in a row the Committee has added major personnel 
resources, for a total more than 1,900 personnel above the 
President's request in the last 2 years.

                      SCREENER TRAINING AND OTHER

    The Committee recommends $240,388,000 for Screener Training 
and Other. This is $4,720,000 above the amount requested and 
$1,363,000 above the amount provided in fiscal year 2016. This 
funding will continue robust training for TSA personnel at the 
Federal Law Enforcement Training Center and locally.

                           CHECKPOINT SUPPORT

    The Committee recommends $115,305,000 for Checkpoint 
Support. This is the same amount as requested and $4,104,000 
above the amount provided in fiscal year 2016. Funds are 
provided to field test and deploy equipment for passenger 
screening, carry-on baggage screening, checkpoint 
reconfiguration, electronic surveillance of checkpoints, and 
operational integration of systems. Currently deployed 
technologies include walk-through metal detectors, ETD, bottled 
liquid scanners, chemical analysis devices, advanced technology 
systems, and Advanced Imaging Technology [AIT].
    Unfortunately, checkpoint purchases for fiscal year 2017 as 
outlined in the budget request were outdated on arrival of the 
President's budget. Modifications within this account represent 
targeted movements of funds to other priorities identified by 
TSA. Of the funds provided, the Committee includes $7,200,000 
to procure and deploy new ETD systems to expand the overall 
fleet of ETDs; $12,800,000 to research and make initial 
procurements of the Next Carry-on Baggage Screening Capability; 
$15,000,000 to support ITF; and $15,000,000 to further 
connectivity of transportation security equipment at the 
checkpoint.
    The Committee expects TSA to be transparent with vendors 
about the solutions they are seeking and that competition for 
current and future solutions is fair and open.

                              TSA PRECHECK

    The Committee acknowledges that enrollment in TSA PreCheck 
is well below TSA's projected enrollment and believes TSA could 
do significantly more to encourage Americans to enroll in this 
worthwhile program, which will contribute to airport security 
while easing the burden on travelers. To encourage and allow 
increased enrollment, the Committee believes TSA needs to make 
TSA PreCheck more accessible to the public and directs TSA, 
when competing or recompeting contracts for the administration 
or expansion of the PreCheck program, to make certain service 
fees are fair and reasonable, ensure the number of PreCheck 
offices reflect the population of the surrounding area, and 
office hours and staffing are such that offices are regularly 
open to TSA applicants, including extended hours and weekend 
availability as appropriate.

                         INNOVATION TASK FORCE

    Although not discussed in the fiscal year 2017 budget 
request, TSA has begun an initiative called ITF to partner with 
airports, airlines, and industry broadly to advance aviation 
security and improve the passenger experience. The Committee is 
always supportive of programs that will bring agencies closer 
to their stakeholders and customers, but it will be the 
operational pilot programs at participating airports that truly 
demonstrate if this will be an effective tool. The Committee 
has included $15,000,000 within Checkpoint Support for ITF, and 
TSA is directed to brief the Committee not later than 90 days 
after the enactment of this act on ITF progress and the status 
of any pilot programs. TSA is also encouraged to describe the 
ITF and expected milestones in their fiscal year 2018 budget 
submission.

               ADVANCED INTEGRATED SCREENING TECHNOLOGIES

    Pursuant to a statutory requirement in the bill, TSA is to 
continue providing a report on advanced integrated passenger 
screening technologies for the most effective security of 
passengers and baggage not later than 90 days after the date of 
enactment of this act. The report provides a useful description 
of existing and emerging equipment capable of detecting threats 
concealed on passengers and in baggage as well as projected 
funding levels for the next 5 fiscal years for each technology 
discussed in the report.

                      ADVANCED IMAGING TECHNOLOGY

    The Committee recognizes the important role technology 
plays in TSA's mission to protect our Nation's aviation system 
from outside threats. As such, the Committee is concerned that 
some of our busier rural airports are still waiting for TSA to 
deploy AIT at security screening checkpoints. Many of these 
rural airports enplane tens of thousands of passengers a year, 
providing a direct link to our Nation's larger aviation 
network. To ensure the enhanced safety provided by AIT is 
realized nationwide, the Committee urges TSA to expeditiously 
install this technology at all airports. The Committee also 
continues support for AIT technology initiatives, including 
Tier III algorithm deployment and wideband development. The 
Committee understands the TSA is recurring an initial 
$15,000,000 investment made by the Congress last year to ensure 
that research and development on AIT continues.

                    RISK-BASED SECURITY INITIATIVES

    Prominent in the fiscal year 2016 budget request, the 
formal use of the Risk-Based Security [RBS] approach has all 
but disappeared in the fiscal year 2017 budget. TSA has been 
employing RBS since 2011 in an effort to focus limited security 
resources on higher risk, unknown travelers by expediting lower 
risk and trusted travelers. The Committee continues to commend 
this approach, but expects it to be data-driven and security-
minded going forward.

                           EXIT LANE SECURITY

    The Committee continues direction that TSA will monitor 
exit lanes consistent with section 603 of the Bipartisan Budget 
Act and that, with regard to remodeling and modernization 
efforts undertaken by an airport at an existing lane for which 
TSA was responsible for monitoring on December 1, 2013, TSA 
shall continue to be responsible for monitoring the exit lane 
after the remodeling or modernization effort is completed.
    The Committee is also interested in promoting cost-
effective technological solutions for securing exit lanes and 
how TSA can achieve further staffing efficiencies. To expedite 
the deployment of exit lane breach control [ELBC] technology, 
the Committee directs TSA to implement a pilot program that 
will allow airports that procure, install, and operate ELBC 
systems on a non-reimbursable basis, and to reallocate any 
resulting FTE savings to address screening capacity challenges 
at the same airport where the exit lane pilot is being 
conducted. The reallocated personnel shall be in addition to 
existing screening staff assigned to the airport checkpoint 
prior to the deployment of ELBC technology. The procurement of 
ELBC systems shall be consistent with TSA's Airport Exit Lane 
toolbox and exit lane security guidelines, including 
technologies in use at airports today.

                      EXPLOSIVES DETECTION SYSTEMS

    The Committee recommends $82,939,000 for EDS procurement 
and installation, as requested, which is $771,000 above the 
amount provided in fiscal year 2016. An additional $250,000,000 
in mandatory spending will be available from Aviation Security 
Capital Fund [ASCF] fee collections. This level of funding will 
allow for the procurement of EDS, continued investment in the 
latest threat detection capabilities, as well as test and 
evaluation of new technologies. The Committee directs TSA to 
include its EDS recapitalization plans within the congressional 
budget justifications for fiscal year 2018 including detailed 
information on expected unit replacements. Section 44923 of 
title 49, United States Code, requires that the $250,000,000 in 
annual mandatory funding deposited into the ASCF be available 
for airport security improvement projects, such as facility 
modifications. However, procurement and installation of EDS 
equipment associated with these projects is not permitted. With 
a diminishing base of airport applications seeking large 
improvement projects and the need to replace aging EDS machines 
currently deployed at airports, the recommendation continues 
bill language, as requested, to permit ASCF funding to be used 
to procure and install EDS equipment during fiscal year 2017. 
This will allow TSA to more effectively, economically, and 
expeditiously plan and implement the acquisition and 
replacement of existing EDS units.
    The Committee is disappointed that TSA has not produced the 
report required in the joint explanatory statement accompanying 
Public Law 114-113, which directed TSA, not later than 60 days 
after the date of enactment, to develop a process to review and 
validate the reimbursement claims from airports for in-line 
baggage screening systems installed prior to 2008 and a plan 
for reimbursement of validated claims. The Committee directs 
TSA to issue the report not later than June 17, 2016.

             INFORMATION-BASED SCREENING OF AIRPORT WORKERS

     The Committee is concerned about the potential for misuse 
of Secure Identification Display Area (SIDA) badges in the 
United States stemming from reports that terrorist 
organizations have used airline workers to carry out attacks in 
Egypt and Somalia. The Department, in conjunction with 
airports, airlines, State and local law enforcement, and other 
agencies as appropriate, shall take actions to secure air 
travel in the United States, including information-based 
screening of aviation workers against available domestic and 
foreign intelligence. The Committee directs TSA to report to 
the Committee on what steps TSA has already taken to secure our 
Nation's airports working with airports, relevant State and 
local law enforcement, and the aviation community. This report 
should include the number of known cases where SIDA badges were 
used to bypass secure checkpoints for non-official purposes and 
the number of cases where individuals who obtained SIDA badges 
traveled overseas to a foreign terrorist organization.

                 EDS/CHECKPOINT TECHNOLOGY INVESTMENTS

    Not later than 60 days after the date of enactment of this 
act, TSA is to brief the Committee on its fiscal year 2017 
investment plans for checkpoint security and EDS refurbishment, 
procurement, and installations on an airport-by-airport basis. 
The briefing shall include specific technologies for purchase, 
program schedules and major milestones, a schedule for 
obligation of the funds, recapitalization priorities, status of 
operational testing for each passenger screening technology 
under development, and a table detailing actual versus 
anticipated unobligated balances at the close of the fiscal 
year. The briefing shall also include details on passenger 
screening pilot programs that are in progress or being 
considered for implementation in fiscal year 2017 to include a 
summary of the pilot program describing what the program is 
attempting to achieve; potential capabilities and benefits of 
the program; the airports where the pilots will be operating; 
funding commitments; and plans for future expansion. The 
Committee expects the briefing to include detailed program 
schedules for passenger screening technologies. Schedules 
should include all milestones from the issuance of a request 
for proposal to deployment.

                       EXPLOSIVE TRACE DETECTION

    Not later than 60 days after the date of enactment of this 
act, TSA is directed to brief the Committee on the operational 
effectiveness of currently deployed ETD systems. The report 
shall include data on the false alarm rates of deployed systems 
and the impact of those false alarms on checkpoint throughput 
and operations. The report shall also include performance 
metrics of the currently deployed systems and their compliance 
with the latest detection, performance, and security 
requirements.

             SCREENING TECHNOLOGY MAINTENANCE AND UTILITIES

    The Committee recommends $280,500,000 for Screening 
Technology Maintenance and Utilities. This is the same amount 
as requested and $9,000 below the amount provided in fiscal 
year 2016.

               AVIATION REGULATION AND OTHER ENFORCEMENT

    The Committee recommends $374,042,000 for Aviation 
Regulation and Other Enforcement. This is $24,355,000 above the 
amount requested and $36,697,000 above the amount provided in 
fiscal year 2016. The recommended amount provides for law 
enforcement and regulatory activities at airports to ensure 
compliance with required security measures, respond to security 
incidents, and provide international support for worldwide 
security requirements.
    As noted previously, the Committee is including funds above 
the request for 50 additional canine teams. These teams will 
include both Passenger Screening Canine teams to secure the TSA 
checkpoint and help speed passengers through expedited 
screening, as well as fund State and local teams which will 
augment TSA resources.
    When determining the deployment of the 50 additional canine 
teams to airports, as well as the re-deployment of existing 
canine teams, the Committee directs TSA to consider passenger 
volume and risk assessments to ensure resources are deployed in 
the most productive manner. Additionally, the Committee directs 
TSA to provide to the Committee within 30 days of the date of 
enactment of this act the current staffing model employed by 
TSA in determining the deployment of existing canine teams.
    The Committee also includes an additional $4,200,000 above 
the request to conduct a pilot program utilizing third party 
canine [3PK9] teams. This program will provide TSA the 
opportunity to examine innovative ways third party providers 
can act as a force multiplier for the agency, reducing the 
strain on current canine teams while directly benefitting 
passengers through the receipt of expedited screening. The 
pilot program should be executed such that 3PK9 teams can 
operate at major airports during varying travel times and 
seasons and at varying checkpoint layouts. Following conclusion 
of the pilot, TSA is directed to brief the Committee not later 
than 180 days after the date of enactment of this act, on the 
program's key metrics including operational effectiveness and 
suitability.
    In addition, the Committee notes language in House Report 
112-492 urging TSA to work with the aviation industry to 
utilize regulatory action for security procedures that endure, 
in lieu of emergency authority which is necessarily entrusted 
in TSA to address specific, emergent threat situations. Given 
the pending change in administration, TSA is directed to assess 
its many outstanding regulatory efforts, such as to establish 
Standardized Vetting, Adjudication, and Redress Services, to 
delineate airport security responsibilities, and to implement 
the large aircraft security program, and brief the Committee on 
its regulatory priorities not later than 90 days after the date 
of enactment of this act. Further, TSA shall include 
information on its approach to maintaining security directives 
and emergency amendments over time versus following established 
regulatory processes.

                     AIRPORT MANAGEMENT AND SUPPORT

    The Committee recommends $602,163,000 for Airport 
Management and Support. This is $3,439,000 above the amount 
requested and $4,264,000 above the amount provided in fiscal 
year 2016. Funds are provided for: the workforce to support TSA 
Federal Security Directors; Bomb Appraisal Officers; Explosives 
Security Specialists; the Transportation Security Operations 
Center; airport rent and furniture; a vehicle fleet; airport 
parking; and employee transit benefits. Funding above the 
request supports ancillary costs associated with new TSO hires 
and canine teams.
    The Committee finds that small and rural airports play a 
critical role in the security of our national airspace, as the 
first point of entry for millions of travelers every year. 
Therefore, TSA shall not eliminate Federal or SPP security 
screening at any public use airport with regularly scheduled 
commercial air service without consulting local airport 
management.
    The Committee is concerned about the ripple effects of 
lengthening wait times at the Nation's airports and the strain 
that places on both the passengers and airline industry. To 
better understand the challenges posed by wait times, the 
Committee directs TSA to report on long-term efforts and 
contingency plans to predict and respond to changing passenger 
volumes and how that response can mitigate potential future 
challenges without compromising security.

     FEDERAL FLIGHT DECK OFFICER AND FLIGHT CREW TRAINING PROGRAMS

    The Committee recommends $22,473,000 for the FFDO and 
Flight Crew Training programs. This is $2,700,000 above the 
amount requested and $1,715,000 above the amount provided in 
fiscal year 2016.
    Funding above the budget request reflects the Committee's 
continued support for the program, which deputizes qualified 
airline pilots who volunteer to be Federal law enforcement 
officers and to provide initial and recurrent law enforcement 
training. Funds are also provided for the Crew Member Self-
Defense Training program for the purpose of teaching crew 
members basic self-defense concepts and techniques.
    To more robustly resource this program and support unfunded 
initiatives commenced in fiscal year 2016, the Committee 
includes an additional $200,000 for ammunition and $500,000 to 
conduct a cost-benefit analysis on the need for additional 
Recurrent Training Facilities and how this might further 
support the FFDO community. The Committee also includes an 
additional $2,000,000 to ensure training slots are available to 
interested pilots.

                               AIR CARGO

    The Committee recommends $106,575,000 for air cargo 
security. This is the same amount as requested and $1,886,000 
above the amount provided in fiscal year 2016. Funds are 
provided to secure the air cargo supply chain, conveyances, and 
people. TSA is also directed to include planned fiscal year 
2018 investments in its congressional budget justification 
materials for fiscal year 2018.

                          FEDERAL AIR MARSHALS

    The Committee recommends $815,313,000 for the Federal Air 
Marshals Service [FAMS]. This is level with the amount 
requested and $10,237,000 above the amount provided in fiscal 
year 2016. Funding is included for FAMS to protect the air 
transportation system against terrorist threats, sabotage, and 
other acts of violence.
    The Committee continues, as it did during fiscal year 2016, 
to await a workforce staffing report to help the Congress 
understand the appropriate personnel level of the FAMS. Despite 
the robust funding provided, the Committee still has nothing 
which formally justifies current staffing levels, much less new 
hires. The Committee continues direction to TSA to submit 
quarterly reports on mission coverage, staffing levels, and 
hiring rates as in prior years.

                    SURFACE TRANSPORTATION SECURITY

Appropriations, 2016....................................    $110,798,000
Budget estimate, 2017...................................     122,716,000
Committee recommendation................................     122,716,000

    Surface transportation security provides funding for 
personnel and operational resources to assess the risk of a 
terrorist attack on non-aviation modes of transportation, to 
establish standards and procedures to address those risks, and 
to ensure compliance with established regulations and policies.

                       COMMITTEE RECOMMENDATIONS

    The Committee recommends $122,716,000 for Surface 
Transportation Security, as requested, which is $11,918,000 
above the amount provided in fiscal year 2016.
    The following table summarizes the Committee's 
recommendations as compared to the fiscal year 2016 and budget 
request levels:

                                         SURFACE TRANSPORTATION SECURITY
                                            [In thousands of dollars]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                            Fiscal year 2016  Fiscal year 2017      Committee
                                                                 enacted       budget request    recommendations
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Staffing and operations...................................            28,148            27,700            27,700
Surface inspectors and VIPR...............................            82,650            95,016            95,016
                                                           -----------------------------------------------------
      Total, Surface Transportation Security..............           110,798           122,716           122,716
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

          SURFACE TRANSPORTATION SECURITY INSPECTORS AND VIPR

    The Committee recommends $95,016,000 for Surface 
Transportation Security Inspectors and VIPR. This is the same 
as the amount requested and $12,366,000 above the amount 
provided in fiscal year 2016. Further, the Committee has added, 
consistent with previous years, significant additional 
resources for canine teams funded under Aviation Security and 
all of their associated logistics support. Within the amount 
provided, $3,500,000 is to augment the VIPR program, including 
the deployment of teams to the busiest travel hubs. This 
support should be performed in concert with facility owners and 
operators.

                        INTELLIGENCE AND VETTING

Appropriations, 2016....................................    $236,693,000
Budget estimate, 2017...................................     231,132,000
Committee recommendation................................     231,132,000

    Intelligence and Vetting includes several programs that are 
intended to identify known or suspected terrorist threats 
working in or seeking access to the Nation's transportation 
system.

                       COMMITTEE RECOMMENDATIONS

    The Committee recommends $231,132,000 for Intelligence and 
Vetting, as requested, which is $5,561,000 below the amount 
provided in fiscal year 2016. In addition, an estimated 
$213,049,000 in fee collections is available for these 
activities in fiscal year 2017, as proposed in the budget.
    The following table summarizes the Committee's 
recommendations as compared to the fiscal year 2016 and budget 
request levels:

                                            INTELLIGENCE AND VETTING
                                            [In thousands of dollars]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                            Fiscal year 2016  Fiscal year 2017      Committee
                                                                 enacted       budget request    recommendations
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Direct Appropriations:
    Intelligence..........................................            52,003            57,360            57,360
    Secure Flight.........................................           105,651           101,721           101,721
    Other Vetting Programs................................            79,039            72,051            72,051
                                                           -----------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, direct appropriations.....................           236,693           231,132           231,132
                                                           =====================================================
Fee Collections:
    TWIC fee..............................................            82,267            96,163            96,163
    Hazardous material fee................................            21,083            21,083            21,083
    General aviation at DCA fee...........................               400               400               400
    Commercial aviation and airport fee...................             6,500             6,500             6,500
    Other security threat assessments fee.................                50                50                50
    Air cargo/certified cargo screening program fee.......             3,500             3,500             3,500
    TSA PreCheck Application Program fee..................            80,153            80,153            80,153
    Alien flight school fee...............................             5,200             5,200             5,200
                                                           -----------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, fee collections...........................           199,153           213,049           213,049
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

                             SECURE FLIGHT

    The Committee recommends $101,721,000 for Secure Flight, as 
requested, which is $3,930,000 below the amount provided in 
fiscal year 2016. As recommended by the 9/11 Commission and 
mandated by the Intelligence Reform and Terrorism Prevention 
Act [Public Law 108-458], this program transferred the 
responsibility of airline passenger watchlist matching from the 
air carriers to the Federal Government.
    The Committee continues to follow the Credential 
Authentication Technology program closely and despite delays 
for vulnerabilities outside the control of the program, the 
Committee looks forward to deployment.

                         OTHER VETTING PROGRAMS

    The Committee recommends $72,051,000 for Other Vetting 
Programs, as requested, which is $6,988,000 below the amount 
provided in fiscal year 2016. The Committee continues to follow 
the Technology Infrastructure Modernization [TIM] program 
closely and expects to be updated regularly at major milestones 
such as Acquisition Decision Events. Given strong congressional 
interest in TSA's progress with recurrent vetting against 
criminal data for its vetted populations, TSA shall keep the 
Committee apprised of efforts to implement Rap Back with the 
FBI and in transitioning to the Department's automated 
biometric system, IDENT.
    In addition, TSA shall ensure that in its TIM efforts, as 
well as in its rulemaking for Standardized Vetting, 
Adjudication, and Redress Services, the responsibilities of 
airports, airlines, and employers continue to be maintained.

                    TRANSPORTATION SECURITY SUPPORT

Appropriations, 2016....................................    $924,015,000
Budget estimate, 2017...................................     951,375,000
Committee recommendation................................     953,225,000

    The Transportation Security Support account supports the 
operational needs of TSA's extensive airport/field personnel 
and infrastructure. Transportation Security Support includes: 
headquarters' personnel, pay, benefits, and support; mission 
support centers; human capital services; and information 
technology support.

                       COMMITTEE RECOMMENDATIONS

    The Committee recommends $953,225,000 for Transportation 
Security Support. This is $1,850,000 above the amount requested 
and $29,210,000 above the amount provided in fiscal year 2016.
    The following table summarizes the Committee's 
recommendations compared to the fiscal year 2016 and budget 
request levels:

                                         TRANSPORTATION SECURITY SUPPORT
                                            [In thousands of dollars]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                            Fiscal year 2016  Fiscal year 2017      Committee
                                                                 enacted       budget request    recommendations
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Headquarters administration...............................           273,259           290,212           281,622
Information technology....................................           449,160           459,118           461,155
Human capital services....................................           201,596           202,045           210,448
                                                           -----------------------------------------------------
      Total, Transportation Security Support..............           924,015           951,375           953,225
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

                      HEADQUARTERS ADMINISTRATION

    The Committee recommends $281,622,000 for Headquarters 
Administration. This is $8,590,000 below the amount requested 
and $8,363,000 above the amount provided in fiscal year 2016. 
Although TSA is straining to meet the demands of commercial 
aviation sector passenger growth, this challenge rests most 
heavily with frontline personnel and consequently the 
Headquarters PPA is reduced with the balance put against 
emerging needs in the Aviation Security account. Increases in 
Human Capital Services and Information Technology reflect 
additional resources for new canine teams and frontline 
personnel.

                       United States Coast Guard


                                SUMMARY

    The Coast Guard's primary responsibilities are the 
enforcement of all applicable Federal laws on the high seas and 
waters subject to the jurisdiction of the United States; 
promotion of safety of life and property at sea; assistance to 
navigation; protection of the marine environment; and 
maintenance of a state of readiness to function as a 
specialized service in the Navy in time of war, as authorized 
by sections 1 and 2 of title 14, United States Code.

                       COMMITTEE RECOMMENDATIONS

    The Committee recommends a total program level of 
$10,402,221,000 for the activities of the Coast Guard for 
fiscal year 2017. When costs for overseas contingency 
operations are excluded, the recommendation for the Coast Guard 
is $10,239,529,000.
    The following table summarizes the Committee's 
recommendations as compared to the fiscal year 2016 and budget 
request levels:

                                          COAST GUARD--FUNDING SUMMARY
                                            [In thousands of dollars]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                            Fiscal year 2016  Fiscal year 2017      Committee
                                                                 enacted       budget request    recommendations
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Operating Expenses........................................         7,061,490         6,986,815         7,140,257
Environmental Compliance and Restoration..................            13,221            13,315            13,315
Reserve Training..........................................           110,614           112,302           112,302
Acquisition, Construction, and Improvements...............         1,945,169         1,136,788         1,256,588
Research, Development, Test, and Evaluation...............            18,019            18,319            36,819
Health Care Fund Contribution (Permanent Indefinite                  169,306           176,000           176,000
 Discretionary Appropriations)............................
Retired Pay...............................................         1,604,000         1,666,940         1,666,940
                                                           -----------------------------------------------------
      Total, Coast Guard..................................        10,921,819        10,110,479        10,402,221
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    The Coast Guard will pay an estimated $176,000,000 in 
fiscal year 2017 to the Medicare-Eligible Retiree Health Care 
Fund for the costs of military Medicare-eligible health 
benefits earned by its uniformed service members. The 
contribution is funded by permanent indefinite discretionary 
authority pursuant to the National Defense Authorization Act 
for fiscal year 2005 (Public Law 108-375).

                           OPERATING EXPENSES

Appropriations, 2016....................................  $7,061,490,000
Budget estimate, 2017...................................   6,986,815,000
Committee recommendation................................   7,140,257,000

    The Operating Expenses appropriation provides funds for the 
operations and maintenance of multipurpose vessels, aircraft, 
and shore units strategically located along the coasts and 
inland waterways of the United States and in selected areas 
overseas. The program activities of this appropriation fall 
into the following categories:
    Search and Rescue.--As one of its earliest and most 
traditional missions, the Coast Guard maintains a nationwide 
system of boats, aircraft, cutters, and rescue coordination 
centers on 24-hour alert.
    Aids to Navigation.--To help mariners determine their 
location and avoid accidents, the Coast Guard maintains a 
network of unmanned aids to navigation along the Nation's 
coasts and on its inland waterways. In addition, the Coast 
Guard operates radio stations in the United States that serve 
the domestic and international needs of the armed services and 
of marine and air commerce.
    Marine Safety.--The Coast Guard ensures compliance with 
Federal statutes and regulations designed to improve safety in 
the merchant marine industry and operates a recreational 
boating safety program.
    Marine Environmental Protection.--The primary objectives of 
the marine environmental protection program are to minimize the 
dangers of marine pollution and to assure the safety of ports 
and waterways.
    Enforcement of Laws and Treaties.--The Coast Guard is the 
principal maritime enforcement agency with regard to Federal 
laws on the navigable waters of the United States and the high 
seas, including fisheries, drug smuggling, illegal immigration, 
and hijacking of vessels.
    Ice Operations.--In the Arctic and Antarctic, Coast Guard 
icebreakers escort supply ships, support research activities 
and DOD operations, survey uncharted waters, and collect 
scientific data. The Coast Guard also assists commercial 
vessels through ice-covered waters.
    Defense Readiness.--During peacetime, the Coast Guard 
maintains an effective state of military preparedness to 
operate as a service in the Navy in time of war or national 
emergency at the direction of the President. As such, the Coast 
Guard has primary responsibility for the security of ports, 
waterways, and navigable waters up to 200 miles offshore.

                       COMMITTEE RECOMMENDATIONS

    The Committee recommends $7,140,257,000 for Coast Guard 
Operating Expenses, including $24,500,000 from the Oil Spill 
Liability Trust Fund and $502,692,000 for Coast Guard defense-
related activities, of which $162,692,000 is for Overseas 
Contingency Operations. Of this amount, the Committee 
recommends not to exceed $23,000 for official reception and 
representation expenses. The recommendation level is 
$153,442,000 above the amount requested and $78,767,000 above 
the amount provided in fiscal year 2016. The Committee also 
retains funding to meet the air facility operation obligations 
laid out in the Sec. 676a of the Coast Guard Authorization Act 
of 2015.
    The following table summarizes the Committee's 
recommendations as compared to the fiscal year 2016 and budget 
request levels:

                                               OPERATING EXPENSES
                                            [In thousands of dollars]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                            Fiscal year 2016  Fiscal year 2017      Committee
                                                                 enacted       budget request    recommendations
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Military pay and allowances...............................         3,488,617         3,597,319         3,587,319
Civilian pay and benefits.................................           792,229           817,324           817,324
Training and recruiting...................................           206,498           198,605           198,605
Operating funds and unit level maintenance................         1,027,780           996,204           996,954
Centrally managed accounts................................           329,906           329,099           329,099
Intermediate and depot level maintenance..................         1,056,458         1,048,264         1,048,264
Overseas contingency operations / global war on terrorism.           160,002  ................           162,692
                                                                                   ...........
                                                           -----------------------------------------------------
      Total, Operating Expenses...........................         7,061,490         6,986,815         7,140,257
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

                    OVERSEAS CONTINGENCY OPERATIONS

    The Committee provides $162,692,000 for Coast Guard 
operations in support of overseas contingency operations. While 
funding for these activities is requested in the DOD budget for 
the Navy, the Committee adopted a practice beginning in the 
fiscal year 2009 Supplemental Appropriations Act of 
appropriating these amounts directly to the Coast Guard. The 
Coast Guard shall brief the Committee not later than 30 days 
after the date of enactment of this act on any changes expected 
during fiscal year 2017 or projected transition costs expected 
in fiscal year 2018 to support overseas contingency operations. 
The Committee notes that funding is increasing slightly for 
fiscal year 2017, and funds will be used for Coast Guard 
personnel to provide shore line security in certain locations 
where their presence can help form a seamless security 
perimeter with harbor patrols.

                  BERING SEA AND ARCTIC OCEAN RESPONSE

    Not later than 180 days after the date of enactment of this 
act, the Secretary shall submit to the Committee a report on 
the Coast Guard's plans to ensure that it is capable of 
conducting its response missions throughout the Western Alaska 
Captain of the Port Zone, including the Bering Sea and Arctic 
Ocean. The report shall include: a list of pollution response 
equipment and spill response organizations capable of 
mitigating an oil or hazardous material release in the Bering 
Sea or Arctic Ocean; the role prevention plays in preventing a 
pollution incident; a detailed description of how a spill that 
occurs in icy waters will be mitigated and the methods used; 
and how the Coast Guard is partnering with Federal, State, and 
local entities to ensure a well-coordinated response.
    Not later than 180 days after the date of enactment of this 
act, the Secretary shall submit to the Committee a report on 
the plans of the Coast Guard to ensure long-term search and 
rescue coverage for the Arctic.

                       MINOR SHORE INFRASTRUCTURE

    The bill includes long-standing language to allow funds 
from the Operating Expenses appropriation to be used for the 
sustainment, repair, replacement, and maintenance of shore 
infrastructure, including projects to correct deficiencies for 
code compliance or that threaten life, health, or safety to an 
amount not exceeding 50 percent of a building's or structure's 
replacement value. Additionally, Operating Expenses funds are 
allowed to be used for contingent, emergent, or other 
unspecified minor construction projects, which includes new 
construction, procurement, development, conversion, rebuilding, 
improvement, or an extension of any facility not exceeding 
$1,000,000 in total costs at any location for planned or 
unplanned operational needs.
    Minor construction projects funded from the Operating 
Expenses appropriation can be combined with depot level 
maintenance projects for the sake of administrative and 
economic efficiency. The Coast Guard is to provide a report to 
the Committee not later than 45 days after the date of 
enactment of this act detailing such projects and any 
sustainment, repair, replacement, or maintenance projects over 
$1,000,000 for fiscal year 2017.
    The Committee includes requested funding to complete shore 
facility follow-on, as detailed in the Coast Guard's 
congressional budget justifications.

                      NATIONAL COAST GUARD MUSEUM

    Within the funds recommended for Coast Guard Operating 
Expenses, $5,000,000 is provided and available for 2 years to 
meet authorities specified in 98(b) of title 14, United States 
Code, which pertains to a National Coast Guard Museum [Museum]. 
Current law authorizes the use of funds to preserve and protect 
Coast Guard artifacts, as well as for the design, fabrication, 
and installation of exhibits or displays in which these 
artifacts are included. Prior to the obligation of funds 
associated with the Museum, the Coast Guard will brief the 
Committee on their acquisition strategy for how funds will be 
executed.

                              SMALL BOATS

    The Committee is aware of an outstanding Coast Guard 
requirement to replace aging small response boats and notes 
that the Coast Guard is not procuring enough boats annually to 
meet its acquisition objective. The Committee includes funding 
above the request to purchase not less than 46 small response 
boats in fiscal year 2017.
    The bill also includes long-standing language to allow 
funds from the Operating Expenses appropriation to be used for 
the purchase or lease of small boats for contingent and 
emergent requirements (at a unit cost of no more than $700,000) 
and repairs and end-of-service-life replacements. The annual 
cost of these activities is capped at $31,000,000. Unlike major 
procurements requested for the Acquisition, Construction, and 
Improvements appropriation, the Coast Guard's annual request 
for the Operating Expenses appropriation includes minimal 
information about the budget for small boat activities. In 
order to gain more clarity on these matters, the Coast Guard 
shall report to the Committee no later than 30 days after the 
date of enactment of this act detailing planned small boat 
purchases, leases, repairs, and service life replacements for 
fiscal year 2017.

                   FACILITY SECURITY OFFICER TRAINING

    The Coast Guard has still not published a Notice of 
Proposed Rulemaking [NPRM] concerning Facility Security Officer 
Training. The Coast Guard is directed to move expeditiously on 
this effort and the Committee expects the NPRM will be 
published during calendar year 2017.

                            COAST GUARD YARD

    The Coast Guard Yard located at Curtis Bay, Maryland, is 
recognized as a critical component of the Coast Guard's core 
logistics capability which directly supports fleet readiness. 
The Committee recognizes the Yard has been a vital part of the 
Coast Guard's readiness and infrastructure for more than 100 
years and believes that sufficient industrial work should be 
assigned to the Yard to maintain this capability.

                        FISHING SAFETY TRAINING

    To fulfill requirements associated with section 309 of 
Public Law 113-281, which authorizes competitive grants for a 
Coast Guard-certified Fishing Safety Training Grants Program 
and Fishing Safety Research Grant Program, a total of 
$6,000,000 is provided for both programs. The funding is 
provided with 2-year availability. These programs will provide 
irreplaceable training that prevents injuries and saves lives, 
essential to the safety and future of commercial fishermen. 
This Federal funding will also serve as much-needed assistance 
for fishermen as they comply with expensive safety and training 
requirements that have been recently imposed. Many commercial 
fishermen are already struggling with onerous Federal 
regulations and declining catch quotas, such as in the 
Northeast Groundfish Fishery where catch quotas have been cut 
by more than 95 percent since 2010.
    The Coast Guard has been authorized to carry-out both the 
Fishing Safety Training and Fishing Safety Research grants 
since enactment of the Coast Guard Authorization Act of 2010. 
Despite this authorization, and encouragement in House Report 
114-215 to utilize funds recovered from prior year obligations 
for this purpose, the Coast Guard has yet to request or apply 
any funding to this initiative. On April 28, 2016 the Committee 
received a report entitled ``Fishing Safety: Pilot Training 
Program'', which indicated that the Coast Guard would--if 
funded--``collaborate with [the National Institute of 
Occupational Safety and Health] NIOSH to assess the success of 
a pilot program''. This initial effort would not only measure 
the effectiveness of the program and participation, but also 
allow Coast Guard and NIOSH to evaluate the number of courses 
required and provide a more accurate assessment of required 
annual funding.
    The Coast Guard, in conjunction with NIOSH, is directed to 
submit a report to the Committee not later than 90 days after 
the date of enactment of this act, outlining the means by which 
they will administer this program, metrics by which to measure 
the program, and the need for funding. The Committee also 
directs the Coast Guard to work with FEMA on how to properly 
implement a new grant program.

                       PUGET SOUND FEDERAL CAUCUS

    The Committee commends the Thirteenth Coast Guard District 
for signing the Puget Sound Federal Caucus Memorandum of 
Understanding [MOU] on April 21, 2014. The recovery and cleanup 
of Puget Sound is essential to our Nation's economy and 
continued coordination and sharing of expertise among Federal 
partners is critical to furthering current efforts. The 
Committee directs the Thirteenth Coast Guard District to work 
with its counterparts in the Puget Sound Federal Caucus to 
renew and strengthen the MOU prior to its expiration on March 
27, 2017.

                            COAST GUARD BAND

    The Committee is concerned that the Coast Guard is planning 
to expend unnecessary funds to move the Coast Guard Band from 
the Coast Guard Academy Campus in New London, Connecticut to 
Washington, DC and therefore directs that no funds provided in 
this act shall be expended for the relocation of the Coast 
Guard Band from its current home.

                     MARINE ENVIRONMENT PROTECTION

    The Coast Guard, jointly and cooperatively with the 
Environmental Protection Agency, is charged with enforcing the 
International Maritime Organization's Marine Pollution [MARPOL] 
convention focused on preventing different forms of marine 
pollution, including oil, noxious liquid substances, harmful 
substances, waste water, garbage, and emissions of sulfur oxide 
and nitrogen oxide at sea. In accordance with MARPOL Annex VI 
Regulation 13, all vessels entering the North American and 
Caribbean Emission Control Areas [ECA] as of January 1, 2015, 
are required to use Ultra-low (0.1%) Sulfur Intermediate Fuel 
Oil [IFO]. The Committee remains concerned about potential 
modal shifts related to ECAs and directs the Coast Guard to 
provide an update to the briefing, mandated in House Report 
114-215, on ECA-related enforcement actions, fuel availability, 
waivers, and exemptions for ECA compliance.
    The Committee is concerned that despite issuing a final 
rule on Ballast Water Discharge Standards in 2012, the Coast 
Guard has yet to approve a single Ballast Water Management 
System [BWMS]. This is particularly challenging for BWMS 
vendors who must submit to lengthy, expensive testing at 
independent laboratories or seek to have existing test data 
validated also through independent laboratory review. In 
seeking to validate the results of certain BWMS technology it 
is clear that testing protocols have not necessarily kept pace. 
The lack of comprehensive protocols to test BWMS technologies, 
some of which are widely accepted in other water treatment 
industries, is causing the industry harm in the maritime sector 
and must be addressed. To continue the development of more 
appropriate testing methods, the Committee directs the Coast 
Guard, in conjunction with the Environmental Protection Agency, 
to reexamine the applicability of the most probable number 
method for evaluating the efficacy of certain treatment 
technologies.

                   EXECUTIVE TRANSPORTATION AIRCRAFT

    Despite clear direction to notify the Committee prior to 
making any changes in the type or number of command and control 
aircraft, the Coast Guard proceeded during fiscal year 2016 
with actions for a new lease to replace an existing aircraft. 
The lack of transparency and advanced planning on a lease with 
a known expiration date is troubling. Consequently, the 
Committee directs the Coast Guard to maintain a maximum of 1000 
hours of flight time in total per year across both aircraft, 
which is the current service level, until an analysis is 
provided to the Committee which justifies and describes any 
increase.

                ENVIRONMENTAL COMPLIANCE AND RESTORATION

Appropriations, 2016....................................     $13,221,000
Budget estimate, 2017...................................      13,315,000
Committee recommendation................................      13,315,000

    The Environmental Compliance and Restoration account 
provides funds to address environmental problems at former and 
current Coast Guard units as required by applicable Federal, 
State, and local environmental laws and regulations. Planned 
expenditures for these funds include major upgrades to 
petroleum and regulated substance storage tanks, restoration of 
contaminated ground water and soils, remediation efforts at 
hazardous substance disposal sites, and initial site surveys 
and actions necessary to bring Coast Guard shore facilities and 
vessels into compliance with environmental laws and 
regulations.

                       COMMITTEE RECOMMENDATIONS

    The Committee recommends $13,315,000. The Coast Guard is 
directed to include in its annual congressional budget 
justifications a listing of the activities projected to be 
funded by the amount requested under this heading and an 
updated backlog report for Environmental Compliance and 
Restoration projects with an explanation of how the amount 
requested will impact this documented backlog.

                            RESERVE TRAINING

Appropriations, 2016....................................    $110,614,000
Budget estimate, 2017...................................     112,302,000
Committee recommendation................................     112,302,000

    The Reserve Training appropriation provides for the 
training of qualified individuals who are available for Active 
Duty in time of war or national emergency or to augment regular 
Coast Guard forces in the performance of peacetime missions.

                       COMMITTEE RECOMMENDATIONS

    The Committee recommends $112,302,000 for Reserve Training, 
as requested which is $1,688,000 above the amount provided in 
fiscal year 2016.

              ACQUISITION, CONSTRUCTION, AND IMPROVEMENTS

Appropriations, 2016....................................  $1,945,169,000
Budget estimate, 2017...................................   1,136,788,000
Committee recommendation................................   1,256,588,000

    Funding in this account supports the Acquisition, 
Construction, and Improvements of vessels, aircraft, 
information management resources, shore facilities, aids to 
navigation, and military housing required to execute the Coast 
Guard's missions and achieve its performance goals.
    Vessels.--The vessel program provides funding to 
recapitalize and improve the Coast Guard's fleet of aging boats 
and cutters.
    Aircraft.--The aircraft program is the primary 
recapitalization and sustainment effort for the Coast Guard's 
aging aircraft.
    Other Equipment.--The Coast Guard invests in numerous 
management information and decision-support systems that will 
result in increased efficiencies.
    Shore Facilities and Aids to Navigation.--The Coast Guard 
invests in the acquisition, construction, rebuilding, and 
improvement of shore facilities, aids to navigation, and 
related equipment.
    Military Housing.--The Coast Guard invests in Military 
Housing facilities to ensure military members have access to 
housing in areas where there is a lack of affordable 
accommodations.

                       COMMITTEE RECOMMENDATIONS

    The Committee recommends $1,256,588,000 for Acquisition, 
Construction, and Improvements, including $24,500,000 from the 
Oil Spill Liability Trust Fund. This is $119,800,000 above the 
amount requested and $688,581,000 below the amount provided in 
fiscal year 2016. The increase above the President's budget 
continues a trend by this Committee to more appropriately 
resource the Coast Guard.
    The following table summarizes the Committee's 
recommendations as compared to the fiscal year 2016 and budget 
request levels:

                                   ACQUISITION, CONSTRUCTION, AND IMPROVEMENTS
                                            [In thousands of dollars]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                            Fiscal year 2016  Fiscal year 2017      Committee
                                                                 enacted       budget request    recommendations
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Vessels:
    Survey and Design--Vessel and Boats...................            15,000             6,500             8,500
    In-Service Vessel Sustainment.........................            68,000            79,000            94,000
    National Security Cutter..............................           743,400           127,000           255,400
    Offshore Patrol Cutter................................            89,000           100,000           100,000
    Fast Response Cutter..................................           340,000           240,000           325,000
    Cutter Boats..........................................             3,000             4,000             4,000
    Polar Ice Breaking Vessel.............................             6,000           147,600            14,000
                                                           -----------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Vessels...................................         1,264,400           704,100           800,900
                                                           =====================================================
Aircraft:
    HC-144 Conversion/Sustainment.........................             3,000            25,500            25,500
    HC-27J Conversion /Sustainment........................           102,000           130,000           130,000
    HC-130J Acquisition/Conversion/Sustainment............           150,000            20,800            21,800
    HH-65 Conversion/Sustainment..........................            40,000            25,000            25,000
                                                           -----------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Aircraft..................................           295,000           201,300           202,300
                                                           =====================================================
Other Acquisition Programs:
    Other Equipment and Systems...........................  ................             8,055             8,055
                                                                 ...........
    Program Oversight and Management......................            20,000            20,000            20,000
    C4ISR.................................................            36,600            24,300            24,300
    CG-Logistics Information Management System............             8,500             7,000             7,000
                                                           -----------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Other Acquisition Programs................            65,100            59,355            59,355
                                                           =====================================================
Shore Facilities and Aids to Navigation:
    Major Construction, ATON, and Survey and Design.......           124,600            18,100            18,100
    Major Acquisition Systems Infrastructure..............            52,000            28,000            50,000
    Minor Shore...........................................             5,000             5,000             5,000
                                                           -----------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Shore Facilities and Aids to Navigation...           181,600            51,100            73,100
                                                           =====================================================
Military Housing..........................................            21,000  ................  ................
                                                           =====================================================
Personnel and Related Support:
    Direct Personnel Costs................................           118,069           120,933           120,933
                                                           -----------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Personnel and Related Support.............           118,069           120,933           120,933
                                                           =====================================================
      Total, Acquisition, Construction, and Improvements..         1,945,169         1,136,788         1,256,588
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

                        CAPITAL INVESTMENT PLAN

    The Capital Investment Plan is essential for the Committee 
to carry out its oversight function of the Coast Guard, 
especially at a time when recapitalization of aging assets has 
become so critical for the service. All of the information 
required by the Committee is in accordance with the Coast 
Guard's Major Systems Acquisition Manual and applicable DHS 
management directives. The fiscal year 2018-2022 plan is to be 
submitted with the fiscal year 2018 congressional budget 
justifications.

                    QUARTERLY ACQUISITION BRIEFINGS

    The Coast Guard is to continue quarterly briefings on all 
major acquisitions. In addition to the information normally 
provided for each asset, these briefings shall include: the top 
five risks for each acquisition, if applicable, consistent with 
those on the risk watch list in quarterly program management 
reports, and if the risks have future budget implications; the 
objective for operational hours the Coast Guard expects to 
achieve; the gap between that objective, current capabilities, 
and stated mission requirements; and how the acquisition of the 
specific asset closes the gap. The information presented at 
these briefings shall also include a discussion of how the 
Coast Guard calculated the operational hours, an explanation on 
risks to mission performance associated with the current 
shortfall, and the operational strategy to mitigate such risks. 
Finally, the briefings are to include a status chart on all 
shore construction projects that have not been completed. For 
each construction project, the chart is to include the funding 
status, design status, and procurement and construction status.

                           SURVEY AND DESIGN

    The bill includes $8,500,000 in support of survey and 
design work, of which $6,000,000 is related to the In-Service 
Vessel Sustainment [ISVS] project as requested.
    The Coast Guard is required by law to maintain a heavy 
icebreaking capability on the Great Lakes to assist in keeping 
channels and harbors open to navigation in response to the 
reasonable demands of commerce to meet the winter shipping 
needs of industry. The Committee remains concerned that the 
Coast Guard does not possess adequate capacity to meet its 
statutorily required icebreaking mission on the Great Lakes, 
with negative consequences to the regional and national economy 
as well as to the safety of local communities. The Committee 
includes $2,000,000 above the request for initial survey and 
design work associated with the acquisition of an icebreaker 
that is at least as capable as the Mackinaw to enhance 
icebreaking capacity on the Great Lakes.
    The Committee recognizes how vital preserving icebreaking 
capability is to various U.S. interests and, to this end, urges 
the Coast Guard to complete the Material Condition Assessment 
of the Polar Sea that was funded in fiscal year 2016 and the 
Polar Icebreaker Acquisition Program Alternatives Analysis as 
quickly as possible.

                     IN-SERVICE CUTTER SUSTAINMENT

    The bill includes $94,000,000 to continue in-service 
sustainment efforts for the 140-foot icebreaking tugs, mid-life 
service sustainment of the 225-foot ocean-going buoy tender 
fleet, the final phase of the service life extension project on 
Eagle, and sustainment work on the 47-foot Motor Life Boat 
fleet. Given the success of the Mission Effectiveness Projects 
and the rehabilitation of the 110-foot patrol boats, the 
Reliance-class 210-foot cutters, and the Famous-class 270-foot 
cutters at the Coast Guard Yard, the Committee expects the 
Coast Guard to direct sustainment work on all aging vessels 
there when geographically feasible.

                        NATIONAL SECURITY CUTTER

    The Committee continues to support acquisition of the Coast 
Guard's capital ship, the National Security Cutter [NSC]. The 
NSC remains the Coast Guard's largest and most technologically 
advanced cutter and it is steadily replacing the 378-foot 
Hamilton-class High Endurance Cutters commissioned in the late 
1960s and early 1970s with dramatically enhanced capabilities. 
Unlike legacy cutters, the NSC's advanced C4ISR suite allows it 
to operate nearly autonomously, generating and prosecuting its 
own targets. This was demonstrated in late 2015 when the 
Stratton unloaded over $1,000,000,000 worth of cocaine after 
major seizures in the eastern Pacific Ocean against some of the 
Coast Guard's most challenging targets--the semi-submersible. 
Now, with the absence of the Navy's frigate fleet in the 
Caribbean area of responsibility and the eastern Pacific, it is 
imperative the Coast Guard maintain a robust, deep water fleet.
    In support of this mission, the Committee provides 
$95,000,000 for award of long lead time materials [LLTM] for 
the tenth NSC, notwithstanding future production and post-
delivery activity costs. The Committee also includes an 
additional $3,400,000 for post-delivery activities associated 
with production of the ninth NSC.
    Recognizing the NSC's value as a cutter able to operate in 
the harshest and most challenging environments, the Coast Guard 
should strongly consider homeporting an NSC at a Coast Guard 
facility that is in close proximity to the United States Arctic 
region.
    Lastly, the Committee also includes an additional 
$30,000,000 to support on-going Structural Enhancement Dry-dock 
Availability work on NSCs Bertholf and Waesche.

                          FULL FUNDING POLICY

    The Committee again directs an exception to the 
administration's current acquisition policy that requires the 
Coast Guard to attain total acquisition cost for a vessel, 
including LLTM, production costs, and post-production costs, 
before a production contract can be awarded. This has the 
potential to create shipbuilding inefficiencies, force delayed 
obligation of production funds, and require post-production 
funds far in advance of when they will be used. The Department 
should be in a position to acquire vessels in the most 
efficient manner within the guidelines of strict governance 
measures. The Committee expects the administration to adopt a 
similar policy for the acquisition of the Offshore Patrol 
Cutter [OPC].

                         OFFSHORE PATROL CUTTER

    The recommendation includes $100,000,000, as requested, for 
the OPC. The Committee expects to be kept closely apprised of 
this program as the next major cutter acquisition and the 
Commandant's stated acquisition priority. The Committee is also 
aware that the Coast Guard has begun to consider where it will 
homeport these vessels and expects that not less than two OPCs 
be stationed in Kodiak, Alaska as expeditiously as possible to 
address aging asset challenges in the Arctic and Bering Sea 
region.

                          FAST RESPONSE CUTTER

    The Committee recommends $325,000,000 for the Coast Guard's 
Fast Response Cutter [FRC]. This funding will allow the Coast 
Guard to acquire six FRC hulls (37-42) under the phase II FRC 
production contract.

               POLAR ICEBREAKER RECAPITALIZATION PROJECT

    The Committee notes that Coast Guard has made progress in 
the last year laying the groundwork for the acquisition of a 
new icebreaker. This includes development of a preliminary 
mission needs statement and a concept of operations, as well as 
the initial technical package, widely-attended industry day, 
and one-on-one meetings with builders and systems integrators. 
This program needs to move expeditiously, taking into account 
the urgent need for such an asset and the capability gaps the 
Nation faces in the Arctic and Antarctic.
    While a signal of administration support, incremental 
funding at the level requested in the fiscal year 2017 budget 
request will not meet the urgent national need. To demonstrate 
the strong support of the Congress for this program, funds are 
provided to support acquisition of the first ship in the Polar 
Icebreaker Recapitalization Project in the 2017 Department of 
Defense Appropriations Bill under Shipbuilding and Conversion, 
Navy. This funding model was utilized with the Coast Guard's 
most recent icebreaker acquisition, the Healy.
    The recommendation includes a total of $17,600,000 for 
Coast Guard program management and direct personnel costs to 
support the effort. This includes funds to complete the life 
cycle cost estimate, perform required environmental studies, 
and continue the relationship with Naval Sea Systems Command. 
The Committee directs the Department to work with DOD to submit 
a report to the appropriate congressional committees no later 
than September 30, 2016, which provides polar icebreaker 
requirements, preferred design, overall acquisition strategy, 
and a breakout of funds necessary to support the acquisition.

              ALASKAN ASSET REPLACEMENT PLAN AND COVERAGE

    The Committee is concerned with the Coast Guard's current 
asset replacement plans for Alaska. Recent drydocks have 
resulted in two Island Class patrol boats being placed in 
inactive status with the expectation they will not return to 
service, since Coast Guard plans to decommission them in fiscal 
year 2017. In the meantime, Coast Guard is scrambling to move 
west coast assets to support coverage in Alaska this summer.
    In addition, the Committee is concerned that the Coast 
Guard's plan for NSC, OPC, and FRC homeporting does not take 
into account the strategic location of Alaska as related to the 
Arctic and Asia. The Coast Guard shall reevaluate its 
homeporting plan for these cutters in Alaska, including 
consideration of the condition of current assets being 
replaced, and report to the Committee within 90 days of the 
date of enactment of this act. This report shall take into 
account Alaska's strategic position, increased activity in the 
Arctic, including increased tourism, the presence of foreign 
assets, and commerce, as well as long term resource 
development.

                BROMINE-FREE WATER PURIFICATION SYSTEMS

    Until recently, most onboard ship water purification 
systems used bromine as an antimicrobial. However, bromine is 
toxic and requires special HAZMAT handling which is time 
consuming and expensive. The Committee urges the U.S. Coast 
Guard to follow the U.S. Navy's lead and explore using systems 
that eliminate this threat to personnel.

                        UNMANNED AERIAL SYSTEMS

    The Committee is supportive of efforts by the Coast Guard 
to equip the NSC fleet with small unmanned aerial systems 
[sUAS] and has proactively funded this critical capability. The 
domain awareness of the NSC was predicated upon an embarked UAS 
and the asset is incomplete without it. The Committee also 
understands that the Coast Guard is researching other 
capabilities--some under R&D--to; support assets such as the FRC 
and OPC. The Coast Guard is directed to provide a comprehensive 
briefing on all of its UAS-related R&D; and acquisition efforts, 
including all related DOD efforts it is monitoring, not later 
than 30 days after the date of enactment of this act.

                      INDUCTION OF C-27J AIRCRAFT

    Funding is included, as requested, to support the 
continuation of the C-27J project. These funds support ongoing 
program office needs, aircraft regeneration, and induction, as 
well as missionization of two aircraft and the continued stand-
up of the first operational air station.

                            HC-130J AIRCRAFT

    As the Coast Guard continues to recapitalize its fleet on 
Long Range Surveillance Aircraft with additional HC-130J 
provided by the Congress, it is critical that adequate training 
also be provided. Given the demand for these aircraft at their 
operational air stations, the Committee provides an additional 
$1,000,000 for a Multi-Function Training Aid to support and 
accelerate ground-based learning at the Aviation Training 
Center. The Coast Guard is directed to report to the Committee 
not later than 270 days after the date of enactment of this act 
on savings in training costs and other efficiencies.

                SHORE FACILITIES AND AIDS TO NAVIGATION

    The Committee recommends $73,100,000 for shore facilities 
and aids to navigation, which is $22,000,000 above the request. 
This increase represents funds provided in advance for shore 
side and waterfront planning and related surveys to support 
current and future vessel operations in Kodiak.

                             AC&I; PERSONNEL

    The Committee provides $120,933,000 for personnel and 
related support, as requested.

              RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT, TEST, AND EVALUATION

Appropriations, 2016....................................     $18,019,000
Budget estimate, 2017...................................      18,319,000
Committee recommendation................................      36,819,000

    The Coast Guard's R&D; program develops techniques, methods, 
hardware, and systems that directly contribute to increasing 
the productivity and effectiveness of the Coast Guard's 
operating missions. This account provides funds to operate and 
maintain the Coast Guard Research and Development Center.

                       COMMITTEE RECOMMENDATIONS

    The Committee recommends $36,819,000 for the Coast Guard's 
Research, Development, Test, and Evaluation activities. This is 
$18,500,000 above the amount requested and $18,800,000 above 
the amount provided in fiscal year 2016.
    As the Department continues to examine the costs and 
benefits provided by UAS, particularly for intelligence, 
surveillance and reconnaissance [ISR], new capabilities 
continue to come available that alter its analysis. 
Specifically, a UAS with longer loiter times could prove a more 
cost-effective platform than manned flights particularly for 
ISR missions. To better examine cost-savings and operational 
utility, the Committee recommends $18,000,000 to test and 
evaluate the use of ultra-long endurance UAS in support of the 
Department's UAS needs, particularly for ISR in the source and 
transit zones. The Coast Guard is further directed to work in 
close collaboration with S&T; and in conjunction with CBP.
    In addition, the recommended level includes not less than 
$500,000 for a pilot program to demonstrate the feasibility of 
using modern combat optics and related aiming devices on Coast 
Guard small arms. The Coast Guard will brief the Committee on 
the status of this research not later than 270 days after the 
date of enactment of this act.

                              RETIRED PAY

Appropriations, 2016....................................  $1,604,000,000
Budget estimate, 2017...................................   1,666,940,000
Committee recommendation................................   1,666,940,000

    This account provides for the retired pay of military 
personnel of the Coast Guard and Coast Guard Reserve, members 
of the former Lighthouse Service, and for annuities payable to 
beneficiaries of retired military personnel under the retired 
serviceman's family protection plan (10 U.S.C. 1431-1446) and 
survivor benefit plan (10 U.S.C. 1447-1455); payments for 
career status bonuses under the National Defense Authorization 
Act; and payments for medical care of retired personnel and 
their dependents under the Dependents Medical Care Act (10 
U.S.C., ch. 55).

                       COMMITTEE RECOMMENDATIONS

    The Committee recommends $1,666,940,000 for Retired Pay. 
This is the same amount as requested and $62,940,000 above the 
amount provided in fiscal year 2016.

                      United States Secret Service


                         SALARIES AND EXPENSES

Appropriations, 2016....................................  $1,854,526,000
Budget estimate, 2017...................................   1,802,109,000
Committee recommendation................................   1,802,109,000

    The United States Secret Service's Salaries and Expenses 
appropriation provides funds for the security of the President, 
the Vice President, and other dignitaries and designated 
individuals; for enforcement of laws relating to obligations 
and securities of the United States and laws relating to 
financial crimes, that include, but are not limited to, access 
device fraud, financial institution fraud, identity theft, and 
computer fraud; computer-based attacks on financial, banking, 
and telecommunications infrastructure; and for protection of 
the White House and other buildings within the Washington, DC, 
metropolitan area. The agency also provides support for 
investigations related to missing and exploited children.

                       COMMITTEE RECOMMENDATIONS

    The Committee recommends $1,802,109,000 for Salaries and 
Expenses. This is equal to the amount requested and $52,417,000 
below the amount provided in fiscal year 2016 to account for 
non-recurring costs from the Presidential campaign. As 
requested in the budget, the bill includes modified language 
regarding payment of subsistence expenses for Secret Service 
personnel who are temporarily impeded from returning home at 
the end of their shift due to severe weather or other natural 
or manmade events and thus must remain on extended duty at 
their designated post of duty. This is new authority, and the 
Committee expects a detailed briefing not later than 180 days 
after the date of enactment of this act on the use and cost 
implications of this new pay authority.
    The following table summarizes the Committee's 
recommendations as compared to the fiscal year 2016 and budget 
request levels:

                               UNITED STATES SECRET SERVICE--SALARIES AND EXPENSES
                                            [In thousands of dollars]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                            Fiscal year 2016  Fiscal year 2017      Committee
                                                                 enacted       budget request    recommendations
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Protection:
    Protection of persons and facilities..................           911,480         1,006,054           991,054
    Protective intelligence activities....................            70,967            72,413            72,413
    National Special Security Event Fund..................             4,500             4,500             4,500
    Presidential candidate nominee protection.............           203,687            72,134            72,134
                                                           -----------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Protection................................         1,190,634         1,155,101         1,140,101
                                                           =====================================================
Investigations:
    Domestic field operations.............................           336,911           347,653           356,653
    International field office administration, operations,            31,378            34,572            34,572
     and training.........................................
    Support for missing and exploited children............             8,366             2,366             8,366
                                                           -----------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Investigations............................           376,655           384,591           399,591
                                                           =====================================================
Headquarters, management, and administration..............           231,706           203,799           203,799
Rowley Training Center....................................            54,474            57,533            57,533
Information Integration and Technology Transformation.....             1,057             1,085             1,085
                                                           -----------------------------------------------------
      Total, Salaries and expenses........................         1,854,526         1,802,109         1,802,109
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

                       SECRET SERVICE ACTIVITIES

    The Committee recommends $1,140,101,000 for protection of 
persons and facilities of which $72,134,000, as requested, is 
to provide protection for the conclusion of the 2016 
Presidential campaign, including campaign protective vehicles 
and communications technology. The Committee also fully funds 
the Protective Intelligence Division.
    Accounting for reductions associated with non-recurring 
Presidential Campaign Protection support costs, the Secret 
Service is funded above the fiscal year 2016 enacted level by 
$81,020,000. Put another way, the Secret Service has retained 
62 percent of what were expected to be one-time, non-recurring 
costs.
    While the Committee continues robust funding of the Secret 
Service, it remains concerned about the limited spending detail 
provided in its annual budget justifications. The Committee 
will continue to work with the Secret Service to ensure the 
budget submission provides the appropriate level of detail that 
would make for a more robust justification.

                 ADEQUATELY STAFFING THE SECRET SERVICE

    Recognizing that considerable progress remains, the 
Committee notes the Secret Service's significant achievements 
made in the past fiscal year. During late 2015, the Secret 
Service, among other events, simultaneously planned for and 
secured the papal visit of Pope Francis to Washington, DC, New 
York City, and Philadelphia and the 70th convening of the 
United Nations General Assembly [UNGA] in New York City. During 
UNGA, in particular, Secret Service assigned thousands of 
agents and law enforcement personnel from around the country, 
successfully protecting over 200 world leaders and their 
spouses through cooperation with numerous DHS components. The 
papal visit, furthermore, entailed screening an estimated 
130,000 people in Washington, DC; over 1 million people in 
Philadelphia; and over 200,000 in New York. The pace of 
operations created by these two events continued into 2016 with 
a Nuclear Security Summit, which was attended by 32 heads of 
state or government, all while the Secret Service continued 
supporting a Presidential Campaign cycle. The uneventful stay 
and safe departure of these protectees throughout these events 
and others is the core metric by which the Service should be 
measured.
    Against this positive backdrop, though, the Committee 
continues to have concerns with the administration's requested 
resources for the Secret Service. The administration has again 
significantly underfunded its budget for Permanent Change of 
Station costs, reducing the Service's personnel flexibility. 
Conversely, the requirement for 1,250,000 hours of overtime in 
fiscal year 2017, while funded, highlights lingering staffing 
challenges.
    As the Secret Service looks to recover in fiscal year 2017, 
it should be noted that the agency is on track to graduate 
significant numbers of personnel through the Federal Law 
Enforcement Training Center [FLETC]--so much so that training 
has expanded past the capacity of FLETC's Glynco, GA campus 
into the agency's Artesia, NM campus. The pace continues in 
fiscal year 2017, and the Committee fully funds the nearly 20 
special agent and uniformed division classes the Secret Service 
seeks to train. Still, the fiscal year 2017 budget request does 
retain remnants of known hiring deficiencies from fiscal year 
2016, and the Committee has redirected un-executable funds 
elsewhere in the Secret Service budget.

        IMPLEMENTATION OF THE PROTECTIVE MISSION PANEL FINDINGS

    Included in its fiscal year 2017 budget request is 
$37,636,000 in continued funding associated with the United 
States Secret Service Protective Mission Panel [Panel], now 
largely folded into existing programs referred to as 
``Protective Mission Enhancements''. The Committee takes these 
recommendations seriously, providing $147,000,000 above the 
President's budget request over the last three fiscal years. 
Consistent with the budget request, many of these enhancements 
will now be described in other portions of this report, 
including within staffing, acquisitions, and the Office of 
Mission Support [OMS].
    In addition to robust funding, the Secret Service has 
proposed legislative changes to increase retention efforts and 
reward those who remain with the agency, particularly during 
the brutal pace of an election campaign. The Committee 
encourages the appropriate authorizing committees to give 
thoughtful consideration to those proposals.

                   OFFICE OF MISSION SUPPORT EFFORTS

    OMS underpins almost every protective measure under the 
purview of the Secret Service from the screening of people and 
vehicles to physical infrastructure improvements. These 
improvements have included installing hundreds of additional 
cameras at the White House Complex, new crash-rated vehicle 
barriers, and safer, more hospitable officer booths. 
Concurrently, OMS is responsible for maintaining many of the IT 
and infrastructure backbones that connect all of this equipment 
but may be overlooked, from underground conduits to fiber optic 
cables.
    As noted previously, the Secret's Service funding reduction 
in Protection of Persons and Facilities from fiscal year 2016 
to fiscal year 2017 does not fully account for the expected 
loss of one-time costs associated with the Presidential 
campaign. Some of those one-time costs were ultimately retained 
to bolster OMS and while the Committee supports this 
recommendation and provides for these investments, the 
Committee is also concerned about an ambitious hiring schedule 
and OMS' ability to recruit and hire difficult-to-fill 
technical positions. The Secret Service is directed, not later 
than 180 days after the date of enactment of this act, to 
provide an update on hiring within OMS and any existing 
vacancies, particularly in highly technical roles.

                    DOMESTIC FIELD OFFICE STRUCTURE

    In report GAO-16-288, GAO noted that the Secret Service 
does not have reliable salary or benefits cost data for each of 
its offices, which in turn does not allow the Secret Service to 
make the most accurate decisions about the geographic locations 
and staffing levels for those offices. The Secret Service is 
encouraged to consult with GAO and the Office of Personnel 
Management on the best way to utilize the metrics it already 
collects to conduct a comparative cost and performance analysis 
of its domestic field offices to include the cost of agent 
travel. The Secret Service shall brief the Committee on its 
progress in addressing GAO's recommendations not later than 30 
days after the date of enactment of this act.

                  STATE AND LOCAL CYBERCRIME TRAINING

    For fiscal year 2017, the Committee recommends $13,869,000 
in continued support of the National Computer Forensics 
Institute [NCFI] which trains State and local law enforcement 
and legal and judicial professionals in computer forensics and 
cyber investigations. This training is critical to bolster 
State and local cyber resources while similarly acting to 
support the Secret Service's Electronic Crimes Task Forces. 
Since opening in 2008, more than 4,800 State and local 
officials, including more than 3,200 police investigators, 
1,300 prosecutors, and 350 judges from all 50 States and three 
U.S. territories have been trained through NCFI.

                          CYBER INVESTIGATIONS

    From fiscal year 2011 through the first half of fiscal year 
2016, the Secret Service has arrested 3,755 individuals 
domestically, and 1,519 additional individuals overseas, in 
conjunction with Secret Service foreign law enforcement 
partners. During this same time period, the Secret Service 
prevented over $5.4 billion in fraud loss and identified 
approximately $1.3 billion in actual fraud loss in cybercrime 
investigations.
    Since the Congress passed the Comprehensive Crime Control 
Act of 1984, the Secret Service has arrested over 29,000 cyber 
criminals who in aggregate were responsible for over $3.3 
billion in fraud loss and $38 billion in potential fraud loss 
as of March 2016. Since fiscal year 2014, the agency's 
proactive approach to cyber law enforcement is credited with 
responding or making notifications to over 780 potential victim 
companies preventing billions of dollars in losses. To that 
end, the Secret Service continues to train newly hired agents 
in basic investigation of computers and electronic crimes.
    Through the Critical Systems Protection [CSP] program, the 
Secret Service also detects and mitigates cyber-attacks to 
critical systems and infrastructure that could adversely affect 
the implementation of the Secret Service-led security plans. 
Since fiscal year 2014, the CSP program has conducted 452 
advances in direct support of protective operations, which 
includes: 265 for the President; 164 for the Vice President; 8 
for National Special Security Events [NSSE]; and 15 for 
visiting foreign heads of state and government.

           NATIONAL CENTER FOR MISSING AND EXPLOITED CHILDREN

    The National Center for Missing and Exploited Children 
[NCMEC] was created in 1984 to serve as the Nation's resource 
on missing and sexually exploited children. The Secret Service 
has provided grant funding to NCMEC since 1997 and currently 
provides about 18 percent of its Federal funding including 
staff analysts in the Exploited Children Division, the entire 
Age Progression Unit, and numerous other outreach and 
prevention programs. The Secret Service also directly supports 
NCMEC with forensic, technical, and investigative support. In 
fiscal year 2015, the Secret Service, in its independent 
support of missing and exploited children investigations, 
opened 77 cases that resulted in 73 arrests, conducted 258 
polygraph examinations, and completed 137 forensic and computer 
examinations.
    For fiscal year 2017, the Committee recommends $6,000,000 
for grants in support of missing and exploited children and 
expects the Secret Service to sustain forensic support at the 
fiscal year 2016 level of $2,366,000.

                    NATIONAL SPECIAL SECURITY EVENTS

    The Committee recommends $4,500,000, as requested, for 
support to currently planned and unanticipated NSSEs for fiscal 
year 2017. The Committee directs the Secret Service to provide 
semiannual briefings on the use of these funds, with the first 
briefing to occur not later than March 31, 2017. Also included 
in the bill is a general provision that states that none of the 
funds in this act may be used to reimburse any Federal 
department or agency for its participation in an NSSE.

                      STRATEGIC HUMAN CAPITAL PLAN

    The Committee directs that not later than 60 days after the 
date of enactment of this act, the Secret Service provide an 
update, in the form of a briefing, on changes to its 2015 
through 2019 strategic human capital plan. The briefing shall 
address how the Secret Service is progressing against hiring 
goals laid-out in that plan and also address the annual cost 
and participation of various hiring and retention initiatives, 
such as the Uniformed Division Retention Bonus.

     ACQUISITION, CONSTRUCTION, IMPROVEMENTS, AND RELATED EXPENSES

Appropriations, 2016....................................     $79,019,000
Budget estimate, 2017...................................      89,010,000
Committee recommendation................................      89,010,000

    This appropriation provides funding for security upgrades 
of existing facilities; for information integration and 
technology transformation [IITT]; to continue development of 
the current master plan; to maintain and renovate existing 
facilities, including the James J. Rowley Training Center 
[Center]; and to ensure efficient and full utilization of the 
Center.

                       COMMITTEE RECOMMENDATIONS

    The Committee recommends $89,010,000 for infrastructure 
improvements, IITT, and other activities. This is $9,991,000 
above the amount provided in fiscal year 2016. Of this amount, 
$5,557,000 is for facilities, $38,216,000 is for the Protection 
of Persons and Facilities, and $45,237,000 is for IITT.
    The Committee directs that not less than $27,200,000 be 
made available for radio upgrades. In 2016, the OIG noted that 
continued use of the Secret Service's outdated radio 
communications systems ``may negatively impact . . . protective 
operations'', which is unacceptable. The Committee also fully 
funds the acquisition and production costs associated with the 
Next Generation Presidential Limousine, although the Committee 
requires additional detail on the program in future budget 
submissions.
    The Secret Service is directed to brief the Committee no 
later than 90 days after the date of enactment of this act, 
which includes a multiyear investment and management plan, for 
its IITT program for fiscal years 2017 through 2019.

                    James J. Rowley Training Center

    The Committee recommends $5,557,000 for improvements and 
construction at the Center. This funding supports significant 
investments made by the Committee in fiscal year 2016, 
including renovations to shoot houses and ranges, design and 
construction of a new canine kennel, and exploratory funds 
associated with the White House Mock-Up. All of this funding 
will be critical to the Secret Service as they seek to hire 
significant numbers of personnel--many of whom will matriculate 
through the Beltsville, MD facility.

                               TITLE III

            PROTECTION, PREPAREDNESS, RESPONSE, AND RECOVERY

              National Protection and Programs Directorate

    The National Protection and Programs Directorate [NPPD] 
aims to foster better integration of national approaches 
between strategic homeland security programs, facilitate 
infrastructure protection, ensure broad emergency 
communications capabilities, and ensure the protection of 
Federal buildings and facilities.
    The following table summarizes the Committee's 
recommendations as compared to the fiscal year 2016 and budget 
request levels:

                                  NATIONAL PROTECTION AND PROGRAMS DIRECTORATE
                                            [In thousands of dollars]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                            Fiscal year 2016  Fiscal year 2017      Committee
                                                                 enacted       budget request    recommendations
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Management and Administration.............................            62,132            62,077            56,536
 
Infrastructure Protection and Information Security:
    Infrastructure Protection.............................           273,409           256,240           257,019
    Cybersecurity.........................................           818,749         1,057,543         1,004,901
    Communications........................................           198,842           212,908           212,792
                                                           -----------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Infrastructure Protection and Information          1,291,000         1,526,691         1,474,712
       Security...........................................
                                                           =====================================================
Federal Protective Service................................         1,443,449         1,451,078         1,451,078
Office of Biometric Identity Management\1\................           282,473  ................           287,149
                                                                                   ...........
                                                           -----------------------------------------------------
      Total, National Protection and Programs Directorate          3,079,054         3,039,846         3,269,475
       (gross)............................................
                                                           =====================================================
Offsetting fee collections................................        -1,443,449        -1,451,078        -1,451,078
                                                           -----------------------------------------------------
      Total, National Protection and Programs Directorate          1,635,605         1,588,768         1,818,397
       (net)..............................................
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\The request proposes funding for OBIM in CBP.

                     MANAGEMENT AND ADMINISTRATION

Appropriations, 2016....................................     $62,132,000
Budget estimate, 2017...................................      62,077,000
Committee recommendation................................      56,536,000

    This account funds salaries and expenses for the Office of 
the Under Secretary, which oversees all activities of NPPD. 
This account also funds business operations and information 
technology support services.

                       COMMITTEE RECOMMENDATIONS

    The Committee recommends $56,536,000 for Management and 
Administration, $5,541,000 below the amount requested and 
$5,596,000 below the amount provided in fiscal year 2016. Of 
the total amount recommended for Management and Administration, 
$2,523,000 is a result of the denied transfer of OBIM to CBP. 
Further, reductions are recommended to account for current 
hiring efforts which are slower than anticipated.

              REORGANIZATION AND HUMAN CAPITAL MANAGEMENT

    Critical infrastructure protection, cybersecurity and 
securing the dot-gov domain, protecting Federal facilities, and 
managing key policy domains such as biometrics are NPPD's 
critical mission areas within the Department. NPPD, as one of 
the youngest components in the Department, continues to hone 
its mission and also struggle with how to deliver that mission 
by continually evaluating potential reorganizations. While 
organizational development in a changing threat environment has 
challenges, consistent realignment of resources has led to 
confusion and churn among NPPD partners and stakeholders, 
including the Congress. Fortunately, despite the churn in 
headquarters, many of the hardworking men and women of the 
Directorate remain committed to the core missions and have not 
allowed critical programs to falter. However, NPPD and the 
authorizing committees of jurisdiction must work together to 
settle on an organizational structure and improve mission 
clarity in order to deliver on substantial taxpayer 
investments.
    While marginal progress has been made in the past 12 
months, NPPD proposed a budget for fiscal year 2017 with 
unrealistically optimistic staffing levels. In fiscal year 
2016, the level provided assumed funding for 1,792 FTE, not 
including the Federal Protective Service [FPS]. Despite 
projections to have only 1,760 FTE hired by the end of fiscal 
year 2016, the current budget submissions includes a request of 
2,289 FTE. Therefore, the Committee recommends appropriate 
adjustments and a budget right-sized for NPPD's hiring and 
attrition.

                         FACILITIES MANAGEMENT

    The Committee is concerned that while many components have 
a clear strategic way forward for housing the Federal 
workforce, NPPD does not. NPPD, in conjunction with DHS, is 
directed to brief the Committee not later than 45 days after 
the date of enactment of this act on the 5-year plan for 
ensuring appropriate office space and otherwise supporting 
headquarters, regional, and field staff. The plan shall ensure 
that the headquarters staff is appropriately consolidated and 
that whenever possible the regional offices are collocated with 
other components to maximize mission collaboration.

                        COMPONENT COLLABORATION

    The role of NPPD within the Department is vital to the 
overall mission, and priorities must be focused, coordinated, 
and consistent. Much of the NPPD mission crosses multiple 
directorates within the Department, particularly with FEMA. The 
Committee maintains an interest in maximizing the efforts of 
FEMA and NPPD through close coordination and information 
sharing. The Committee expects FEMA and NPPD to jointly brief 
on continued collaboration, with other components as 
appropriate, starting no later than 90 days after the date of 
enactment of this act, and continuing quarterly throughout the 
fiscal year. Briefs shall detail how the components work 
together on stakeholder outreach and sharing information 
internally on issues such as critical infrastructure 
protection, supporting event response, coordination of 
emergency communications, cybersecurity strategy and policies, 
sector-specific issues, and sharing of best practices.

           INFRASTRUCTURE PROTECTION AND INFORMATION SECURITY

Appropriations, 2016....................................  $1,291,000,000
Budget estimate, 2017...................................   1,526,691,000
Committee recommendation................................   1,474,712,000

    Infrastructure Protection and Information Security [IPIS] 
programs assist the entities and people responsible for 
securing the Nation's critical infrastructure assets. In 
addition, IPIS supports collaborative efforts with State, 
local, public, private, and international entities to secure 
cyber-space and U.S. cyber-assets, and reduce the vulnerability 
of the Nation's telecommunications and information technology 
infrastructures.

                       COMMITTEE RECOMMENDATIONS

    The Committee recommends total appropriations of 
$1,474,712,000 for Infrastructure Protection and Information 
Security programs, $51,979,000 below the amount requested and 
$183,712,000 above the amount provided in fiscal year 2016. The 
following table summarizes the Committee's recommendations as 
compared to the fiscal year 2016 and budget request levels:

                               INFRASTRUCTURE PROTECTION AND INFORMATION SECURITY
                                            [In thousands of dollars]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                            Fiscal year 2016  Fiscal year 2017      Committee
                                                                 enacted       budget request    recommendations
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Infrastructure Protection and Information Security:
    Infrastructure Protection:
        Infrastructure Analysis and Planning..............            75,010            56,342            73,814
        Sector Management and Governance..................            70,848            64,972            61,084
        Regional Field Operations.........................            49,151            56,259            49,790
        Infrastructure Security Compliance................            78,400            78,667            72,331
                                                           -----------------------------------------------------
          Subtotal, Infrastructure Protection.............           273,409           256,240           257,019
                                                           =====================================================
Cybersecurity and Communications:
    Cybersecurity:
        Cybersecurity Coordination........................             4,434             4,337             4,337
        US-Computer Emergency Readiness Team [US-CERT]                94,485           128,850           117,042
         Operations.......................................
        Federal Network Security..........................           136,055           315,760           281,543
        Network Security Deployment.......................           475,822           486,105           480,489
        Global Cybersecurity Management...................            26,702            16,487            23,749
        Critical Infrastructure Cyber Protection and                  74,229            99,443            91,180
         Awareness........................................
        Business Operations...............................             7,022             6,561             6,561
                                                           -----------------------------------------------------
          Subtotal, Cybersecurity.........................           818,749         1,057,543         1,004,901
                                                           =====================================================
    Communications:
        Office of Emergency Communications................            34,205            32,680            33,860
        Priority Telecommunications Services..............            63,095            63,957            63,957
        Next Generation Networks..........................            80,384            89,780            89,780
        Programs to Study and Enhance Telecommunications..            10,334            10,221            10,221
        Critical Infrastructure Protection Programs.......            10,824            16,270            14,974
                                                           -----------------------------------------------------
          Subtotal, Communications........................           198,842           212,908           212,792
                                                           -----------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Cybersecurity and Communications..........         1,017,591         1,270,451         1,217,693
                                                           -----------------------------------------------------
      Total, Infrastructure Protection and Information             1,291,000         1,526,691         1,474,712
       Security...........................................
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

                       INFRASTRUCTURE PROTECTION

    The Committee recommends $257,019,000 for Infrastructure 
Protection [IP], $779,000 above the amount requested and 
$16,390,000 below the amount provided in fiscal year 2016. Of 
the total amount recommended, $1,157,000, half the amount 
requested, is for additional Protective Security Advisors [PSA] 
since it is unlikely all positions will be filled by the end of 
the year. If increases to the PSA or corresponding 
Cybersecurity Advisor cadres are to be proposed in future 
budgets, NPPD is directed to concurrently submit strategic 
documentation justifying such requests. Furthermore, the 
$2,000,000 requested increase for the National Infrastructure 
Coordinating Center is denied due to lack of satisfactory 
justification. Additional reductions are recommended to account 
for current hiring efforts which are slower than anticipated.

         NATIONAL INFRASTRUCTURE SIMULATION AND ANALYSIS CENTER

    Of the total amount recommended for Infrastructure 
Protection, not less than $18,650,000, the same amount as 
provided in fiscal year 2016, is for the National 
Infrastructure Simulation and Analysis Center [NISAC]. NISAC is 
key to understanding the impact and cascading effects of 
infrastructure failures and disruptions. The Committee 
recognizes the important mission of NISAC, and also encourages 
NPPD to ensure the Center remains mission-focused with a vision 
toward the future and ability to highlight return on 
investment.

                           BOMBING PREVENTION

    The Committee recommends $14,263,000 for the Office of 
Bombing Prevention [OBP], including salaries and benefits. The 
recommended level is the same as fiscal year 2016 and is 
included in NPPD despite funds being requested within a new 
CBRNE Office, as it is not yet authorized by the Congress. This 
funding will sustain needed training, information sharing, and 
awareness for State, local, and private sector entities 
regarding how terrorists use explosives, in addition to needed 
analysis of counter-explosives requirements, capabilities, and 
gaps. The Committee is aware of OBP's efforts to work with the 
National Guard on training and encourages the office to analyze 
efficiencies that could be gained through coordination with the 
National Guard mission.

                           CHEMICAL SECURITY

    The Committee recommends $72,331,000 for Infrastructure 
Security Compliance, $6,336,000 below the request and 
$6,069,000 below the amount provided in fiscal year 2016. 
Reductions are recommended to account for current hiring 
efforts which are slower than anticipated. These funds support 
the Chemical Facility Anti-Terrorism Standard program which 
secures the Nation's high-risk chemical facilities through 
regulation, inspection, and enforcement. As requested, no funds 
are provided for the Ammonium Nitrate Security Program. The 
Committee encourages NPPD to continue working with stakeholders 
that manufacture, sell, and transport explosive precursor 
chemicals to achieve the objectives of the ammonium nitrate 
rulemaking process taking into consideration the costs and 
benefits of any recommendations.

                     INTERAGENCY SECURITY COMMITTEE

    Through the Interagency Security Committee [ISC], DHS 
enables the protection of non-military buildings and facilities 
owned or leased by the Federal Government. The ISC is chaired 
by the Assistant Secretary for Infrastructure Protection and 
develops security standards and best practices for carrying-out 
this mission. Compliance with these standards can help prevent 
incidents like the 2014 arson at the Chicago Air Route Control 
Center which crippled air traffic in the Chicago area for 3 
weeks. Within 180 days of the date of enactment of this act, 
DHS shall brief the Committee on primary agency member 
compliance with the latest ISC security standards and those 
agencies which are not in compliance.

                             CYBERSECURITY

    The Committee recommends $1,004,901,000 for Cybersecurity 
programs, $52,642,000 below the budget request and $186,152,000 
above the fiscal year 2016 level. This recommendation includes 
many of the requested increases above fiscal year 2016 funding 
levels to enhance the Federal cybersecurity posture through 
mitigation, prevention, and response. Of the amount requested, 
half of the $5,006,000 proposed increase for Industrial Control 
Systems-Computer Emergency Readiness Teams [CERT] Training and 
Assessments is recommended, and further reductions from the 
request are included to account for budget constraints and 
current hiring efforts which are slower than anticipated.

      NATIONAL CYBERSECURITY AND COMMUNICATIONS INTEGRATION CENTER

    The Committee remains committed to ensuring efforts within 
the National Cybersecurity and Communications Integration 
Center [NCCIC] include metrics throughout programs and 
processes such as: properly scaling operations, particularly in 
regard to engagement with stakeholders; implementing policies 
and procedures to provide technical assistance in conjunction 
with US-CERT to Federal civilian agencies to prevent and 
respond to data breaches, including those involving 
unauthorized access to personally identifiable information; and 
improving the threat indicator process to better align 
information with action.
    The NCCIC is partially funded from multiple PPAs across 
NPPD and the Committee appreciates the increased visibility 
into the accounts which comprise NCCIC funding. In fiscal year 
2016, the NCCIC received $155,358,000 and the fiscal year 2017 
request includes $212,602,000. Many PPAs have been reduced for 
current hiring efforts which are slower than anticipated, but 
the Committee supports the intent behind the proposed NCCIC 
staffing plan and encourages NPPD to support it as practicable.

                U.S. COMPUTER EMERGENCY READINESS TEAMS

    Of the total amount for cybersecurity, the Committee 
recommends $117,042,000 for US-CERT, $11,808,000 below the 
request and $22,557,000 above the fiscal year 2016 level. 
Increases partially support requested funding for the NCCIC 
staffing plan and reductions are recommended to account for 
current hiring efforts which are slower than anticipated. US-
CERT assists government agencies and private sector companies 
in protecting their IT systems against emerging cyber threats, 
vulnerabilities, or incidents. US-CERT also conducts 
vulnerability and malware analysis and support forensic 
investigations.

                        FEDERAL NETWORK SECURITY

    Of the total amount for cybersecurity, the Committee 
recommends $281,543,000 for Federal Network Security, 
$34,217,000 below the request and $145,488,000 above fiscal 
year 2016. Included in this funding is $246,632,000 for 
continuous diagnostics and mitigation [CDM] for the civilian 
Federal computer network to detect malicious activity on 
government networks. Through the CDM program, NPPD provides 
Federal civilian agencies with tools and services to identify 
network security issues. CDM provides each agency with detailed 
information into specific, prioritized risks through the use of 
dashboards. The amount recommended will allow for the 
acceleration and availability of CDM and expand the 
capabilities across most of the entire civilian Federal domain, 
evolving beyond network protections to include data 
protections. This will significantly enhance the data 
protection capabilities of departments and agencies. 
Recommended funding supports full implementation of CDM Phases 
1-3 and $81,831,000 of the $110,000,000 requested toward Phase 
4. While the Committee fully supports the CDM mission, the 
reduction in Phase 4 is due to scalability and fiscal 
constraints.
    Due to the ever-changing cybersecurity landscape and 
increased vulnerabilities to sensitive data, the Committee 
agrees with CDM's programmatic strategy to evolve beyond 
network protections and include data protections. The Committee 
expects these new CDM capabilities, to include digital rights 
management, micro-segmentation, data masking, encryption and 
decryption, and mobile device management, will be accelerated 
and incorporated into future phases of CDM development.
    The Committee also notes NPPD's efforts to provide 
solutions to the most pressing information security challenges 
through the Information Systems Security Line of Business. The 
Committee expects NPPD to continue engaging civilian 
departments and agencies regarding this effort.
    As directed through previous appropriations acts, each 
participating department and agency must continue to plan and 
budget for security needs consistent with current law and 
policies as well as emerging threats and needs. NPPD shall 
provide its expertise and capabilities to supplement, but not 
supplant, the budget and responsibilities of other agencies.

                      NETWORK SECURITY DEPLOYMENT

    Of the total amount for cybersecurity, the Committee 
recommends $480,489,000 for Network Security Deployment which 
includes the National Cybersecurity Protection System [NCPS], 
known as Einstein. The recommended amount is $4,667,000 above 
fiscal year 2016 and $5,616,000 below the request due to 
delayed hiring. NCPS will allow NPPD continued deployment of 
new intrusion prevention, information sharing, and analytic 
capabilities across the Federal civilian departments and 
agencies to enhance protection from cyber threats. The Einstein 
system was deployed in 2004 and has been upgraded in stages to 
address the evolving threat through technological advances. As 
of February 2016, approximately 33 Federal agencies, 
representing half of the dot-gov user population receive 
Einstein-3 services, and 96 percent receive basic Einstein 
support. In addition to the core mission of NCPS, the Committee 
supports efforts through the Shared Cybersecurity Services 
Program to expand the threat intelligence data sources 
available for civilian Federal agencies as well as critical 
infrastructure partners.

                    GLOBAL CYBERSECURITY MANAGEMENT

    The Committee recommends $23,749,000 for Global 
Cybersecurity Management, of which no less than $14,179,000 is 
for cybersecurity education. Of the amount provided for 
cybersecurity education, the Committee rejects the proposed 
reduction to the Cybersecurity Education and Training 
Assessment Program. For the third consecutive year, the 
administration's ill-advised severe reductions to funding for 
cybersecurity education are denied due to a lack of a clear 
transition plan for this critical effort. Due to the importance 
of the Software Assurance Program, the Committee again rejects 
the proposal to eliminate funds for the program and includes 
$1,679,000, the same as provided in fiscal year 2016.
    The Committee is concerned about the ability of rural 
States to train the upcoming workforce to meet future 
cybersecurity threats, including the need to prevent systems in 
these regions from being domains for intrusion by hostile or 
foreign interests. Some of these rural States have limited 
options for cyber-education, training, and research. As future 
priorities for cybersecurity education are evaluated, the 
Committee directs NPPD to continue considering education 
providers that specialize in the delivery of nationally 
recognized onsite and Internet-based education programs. 
Programs focusing on issues such as creation of new and updated 
curricula, development of simulation and animation delivery of 
degree program training and education, workforce development, 
and creation of mentorship and technician-level research 
opportunities will broaden the appeal of cybersecurity 
education programs nationwide.

     INTRUSIONS OF INFORMATION SYSTEMS AND CRITICAL INFRASTRUCTURE

    In a time of increasing cyber-threats, the Nation must 
ensure the critical infrastructure, which the Department has 
already identified as being at great risk in the event of a 
cyber-attack, is protected from causing catastrophic harm. 
NPPD, in coordination with other appropriate sector-specific 
agencies, shall identify the number and sophistication of 
successful intrusions of information systems essential to the 
operation of critical infrastructure identified pursuant to 
Section 9(a) of Executive Order 13636 of February 12, 2013. 
Furthermore, NPPD, in coordination with other sector-specific 
agencies, shall evaluate options for significantly reducing the 
likelihood that a single cyber-attack could reasonably result 
in catastrophic harm to public health or safety, economic 
security, or national security. An initial briefing outlining 
the strategy for this assessment shall be provided within 180 
days of the date of enactment of this act with a final report 
due by the end of fiscal year 2017.

                 STATE AND LOCAL CYBERSECURITY SUPPORT

    The Committee recognizes the vulnerabilities of State and 
local government to cyber-attacks. Within 120 days of the date 
of enactment of this act, NPPD shall brief the Committee on the 
types of assistance, including technical and formal ongoing 
engagement, available to State and local governments, including 
law enforcement agencies, for the purpose of protecting their 
own networks. The Department shall also further work to include 
State and local law enforcement agencies in the National 
Cybersecurity Review, and continue to raise awareness among 
these agencies on the need to strengthen their own cyber-
defenses and on the resources available for such purposes.

                        EMERGENCY COMMUNICATIONS

    Of the total amount recommended, $33,860,000 is for the 
Office of Emergency Communications [OEC], $1,180,000 above the 
amount requested, and $345,000 below the fiscal year 2016 
level. Of the total amount provided for OEC, $2,000,000 shall 
be used to continue those projects aiding in the development of 
the National Emergency Communications Plan. Reductions to the 
request are due to slower than anticipated hiring.

                       FEDERAL PROTECTIVE SERVICE

Appropriations, 2016....................................  $1,443,449,000
Budget estimate, 2017...................................   1,451,078,000
Committee recommendation................................   1,451,078,000

    The Federal Protective Service [FPS] is responsible for the 
security and protection of Federal property under the control 
of the General Services Administration [GSA]; and for the 
enforcement of laws for the protection of persons and property, 
the prevention of breaches of peace, and enforcement of any 
rules and regulations made and promulgated by the GSA 
Administrator and/or the Secretary. The FPS authority can also 
be extended by agreement to any area with a significant Federal 
interest. The FPS account provides funds for the salaries, 
benefits, travel, training, and other expenses of the program, 
offset by collections paid by GSA tenants and credited to the 
account.

                       COMMITTEE RECOMMENDATIONS

    The Committee recommends $1,451,078,000, as requested, for 
salaries and expenses of the Federal Protective Service for 
fiscal year 2017. This amount is fully offset by collections of 
security fees.
    The following table summarizes the Committee's 
recommendations as compared to the fiscal year 2016 and budget 
request levels:

                                           FEDERAL PROTECTIVE SERVICE
                                            [In thousands of dollars]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                            Fiscal year 2016  Fiscal year 2017      Committee
                                                                 enacted       budget request    recommendations
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Basic security............................................           275,763           290,669           290,669
Building-specific Security................................           665,121           647,843           647,843
Reimbursable Security Fees (Contract Guard Services)......           502,565           512,566           512,566
                                                           -----------------------------------------------------
      Total, Federal Protective Service...................         1,443,449         1,451,078         1,451,078
                                                           =====================================================
Offsetting Fee Collections................................        -1,443,449        -1,451,078        -1,451,078
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    For several years now, the Committee has included a 
provision requiring a strategic human capital plan. The 
requirement is meant to allow FPS to utilize data to help 
manage risk-based resource allocation efforts and the Committee 
will continue following progress as FPS moves toward 
implementation.
    In OIG-16-02, the DHS OIG found that FPS is not effectively 
managing its vehicle fleet. Issues included a lack of 
justification that the current fleet is necessary to perform 
the mission; more vehicles than officers; the addition of 
discretionary equipment; home-to-work miles; and the allocation 
of administrative vehicles. The Committee directs FPS to 
implement all recommendations of the OIG report without delay.

                OFFICE OF BIOMETRIC IDENTITY MANAGEMENT

Appropriations, 2016....................................    $282,473,000
Budget estimate, 2017\1\................................................
Committee recommendation................................     287,149,000

\1\The budget request proposes to fund OBIM in CBP at $305,536,000.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

                                MISSION

    The mission of OBIM is to collect, maintain, and share 
biometric data with authorized DHS, Federal, State, tribal, and 
local law enforcement agencies, and strategic foreign partners. 
As the agency responsible for maintaining the Automated 
Biometric Identification System [IDENT] and a biometric center 
of expertise, OBIM provides an invaluable capability to ensure 
national security, public safety, and the integrity of the 
Nation's immigration system. OBIM is charged with fostering 
full interoperability and real-time data sharing among the 
Homeland Security, Justice, and Defense Departments' biometric 
identity management systems. OBIM also must ensure that 
biometrics can be used to link associated biographic 
information such that individuals can be uniquely identified, 
serving its customers' security, facilitation, and customer 
service needs.

                        COMMITTEE RECOMMENDATION

    The Committee recommends $287,149,000 for OBIM. This is 
$18,387,000 below the request within CBP and $4,676,000 above 
the amount provided in fiscal year 2016. In the absence of 
appropriate authorizing legislation, the requested transfer of 
OBIM to CBP is denied. Of the total amount available, the 
Committee expects OBIM to allocate not less than $52,800,000 
for Increment 2 of the Homeland Advanced Recognition Technology 
[HART], the successor system to IDENT. This recommendation 
includes funding for the planning, acquisition, and maintenance 
for Increment 2 of the new system, and assumes an additional 
$8,000,000 from recoveries is available. Only half of the 
requested $12,500,000 for operations and maintenance is 
recommended due to contracting delays. OBIM is directed to find 
cost savings across all phases as system construction begins, 
ensure measurable performance metrics are built-in to ensure 
proper assessment of the new system, and include this 
information in briefings for the Committee.

                          SEMIANNUAL BRIEFINGS

    OBIM is directed to continue briefing the Committee on a 
semiannual basis on its workload and service levels, staffing, 
modernization efforts, and other operations.

                        FOCUSED CUSTOMER SERVICE

    As development of the HART system continues, OBIM is 
expected to maintain strong coordination with DHS components 
such as TSA and CBP as well as interagency partners like DOD. 
Sustained coordination will allow a focus on customer needs in 
the new system and ongoing biometric policies. OBIM shall 
incorporate the latest, proven biometric technology--including 
advances in facial recognition technology--in its ongoing 
enhancements to the new system and ensure the needs of 
stakeholders are addressed. OBIM shall also work with DOD to 
include implementing interim solutions to expand interagency 
biometric data-sharing, ingesting all data deemed shareable by 
DOD from their Automated Biometric Identification System [ABIS] 
into IDENT, so that ABIS data is available to all DHS IDENT 
users. Additionally, as directed previously by this Committee, 
OBIM shall continue partnering with TSA to ensure full 
integration of HART capabilities into the efforts being made in 
the Technology Infrastructure Modernization. OBIM is directed 
to include the status of these projects in its semiannual 
briefings.

                           IDENTITY SERVICES

    DHS is encouraged to work cooperatively with the 
Departments of Justice, Defense, and State to standardize and 
share biometric information. The Committee directs OBIM to 
continue semiannual briefings on progress toward integrating 
the various systems, including Unique Identity, to describe 
existing capability gaps and a methodology by which to close 
them. Further, the Committee encourages OBIM to continue its 
data sharing and connectivity improvement efforts with the 
Intelligence Community.

                        OFFICE OF HEALTH AFFAIRS

Appropriations, 2016....................................    $125,369,000
Budget estimate, 2017\1\................................................
Committee recommendation................................     108,293,000

\1\The budget request proposes to fund OHA in a new CBRNE Office at 
$120,293,000.

    The Office of Health Affairs [OHA], headed by the Chief 
Medical Officer who also serves as the Assistant Secretary for 
Health Affairs, leads the Department on medical issues related 
to natural and man-made disasters; serves as the principal 
advisor to the Secretary on medical and public health issues; 
coordinates biodefense activities within the Department; and 
serves as the Department's primary contact with other 
departments and State, local, and tribal governments on medical 
and public health issues.

                       COMMITTEE RECOMMENDATIONS

    The Committee recommends total appropriations of 
$108,293,000, $12,000,000 below the requested amount within the 
CBRNE Office and $17,076,000 below the fiscal year 2016 level, 
for OHA programs. The recommended level in this account 
reflects funds that were requested for a new CBRNE Office that 
is not yet authorized by the Congress.
    The following table summarizes the Committee's 
recommendations as compared to the fiscal year 2016 and budget 
request levels:

                                            OFFICE OF HEALTH AFFAIRS
                                            [In thousands of dollars]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                              Fiscal year 2017
                                                            Fiscal year 2016       budget           Committee
                                                                 enacted         request\1\      recommendations
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
BioWatch..................................................            82,078  ................            69,878
                                                                                   ...........
National Biosurveillance Integration Center...............            10,500  ................             8,000
                                                                                   ...........
Chemical Defense Program..................................               824  ................               811
                                                                                   ...........
Planning and Coordination.................................             4,957  ................             4,906
                                                                                   ...........
Salaries and Expenses.....................................            27,010  ................            24,698
                                                                                   ...........
                                                           -----------------------------------------------------
      Total, Office of Health Affairs.....................           125,369  ................           108,293
                                                                                   ...........
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\The budget request proposes to fund OHA in a new CBRNE office at $120,293,000.

                                BIOWATCH

    The Committee recommends $69,878,000 for the BioWatch 
Program, $12,000,000 below the amount requested in the proposed 
CBRNE Office, and $12,200,000 below the amount provided in 
fiscal year 2016. This funding sustains BioWatch jurisdictional 
support including field and laboratory operations, logistical 
support, and special event requirements. In lieu of providing 
funds for recapitalization, training, and other support 
activities of the current system, the balance of the request, 
$12,000,000 is recommended in S&T; to speed the development of a 
new bio-detection technology. While this shift in resources 
could have a limited impact on current operations, OHA is 
directed to minimize the effect wherever possible in the 
interest of advancing a new technology. Further direction on 
the allocation of these funds is included in the S&T; portion of 
this report.

              NATIONAL BIOSURVEILLANCE INTEGRATION CENTER

    The Committee recommends $8,000,000 for the National 
Biosurveillance Integration Center [NBIC], the same amount as 
requested in the proposed CBRNE Office and $2,500,000 below the 
amount provided in fiscal year 2016.

                        CHEMICAL DEFENSE PROGRAM

    The Committee recommends $811,000 for the Chemical Defense 
Program, the same amount as requested in the proposed CBRNE 
Office and $13,000 below the amount provided in fiscal year 
2016.

                      WORKFORCE HEALTH PROTECTION

    An Institute of Medicine of the National Academies report, 
entitled ``Advancing Workforce Health at the Department of 
Homeland Security,'' found ``workforce health protection and 
medical services programs vary significantly across DHS, with 
little coordination and integration.'' The Committee notes OHA 
is developing an implementation plan to address the 
shortcomings identified in the report which will be completed 
in September 2016. OHA is directed to brief the Committee on 
the implementation plan and any gaps identified upon 
completion. The brief shall also include how DHS and components 
address the health needs, such as awareness of local medical 
risks and health systems, of DHS employees temporarily deployed 
overseas and what tools or information resources are used to 
acquire, display, and analyze international health data.

                  Federal Emergency Management Agency

    The primary mission of the Federal Emergency Management 
Agency [FEMA] is to reduce the loss of life and property and 
protect the Nation from all hazards, including natural 
disasters, acts of terrorism, and other manmade disasters, by 
leading and supporting the Nation in a risk-based, 
comprehensive emergency management system of preparedness, 
protection, response, recovery, and mitigation.
    The following table summarizes the Committee's 
recommendations as compared to the fiscal year 2016 and budget 
request levels:

                                       FEDERAL EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT AGENCY
                                            [In thousands of dollars]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                            Fiscal year 2016  Fiscal year 2017      Committee
                                                                 enacted       budget request    recommendations
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Salaries and Expenses.....................................           960,754         1,068,203         1,044,764
State and Local Programs..................................         1,500,000         1,018,543         1,544,469
Firefighter Assistance Grants.............................           690,000           670,000           680,000
Emergency Management Performance Grants...................           350,000           350,000           350,000
Radiological Emergency Preparedness Program...............              -305              -265              -265
United States Fire Administration.........................            44,000            42,312            44,000
 
Disaster Relief Fund:
    Base..................................................           661,740           639,515           639,515
    Disaster Relief Category..............................         6,712,953         6,709,000         6,709,000
                                                           -----------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Disaster Relief Fund......................         7,374,693         7,348,515         7,348,515
                                                           =====================================================
Flood Hazard Mapping and Risk Analysis Program............           190,000           177,531           177,531
National Flood Insurance Fund.............................           181,198           181,799           181,799
National Predisaster Mitigation Fund......................           100,000            54,486           100,000
Emergency food and shelter................................           120,000           100,000           100,000
                                                           -----------------------------------------------------
      Total, Federal Emergency Management Agency..........        11,329,142        10,829,325        11,389,014
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

                         SALARIES AND EXPENSES

Appropriations, 2016....................................    $960,754,000
Budget estimate, 2017...................................   1,068,203,000
Committee recommendation................................   1,044,764,000

    Funding for FEMA Salaries and Expenses provides for the 
development and maintenance of an integrated, nationwide 
capability to prepare for, mitigate against, respond to, and 
recover from the consequences of major disasters and 
emergencies, regardless of cause, in partnership with Federal 
agencies, State, local, and tribal governments, volunteer 
organizations, and the private sector. The Salaries and 
Expenses account supports FEMA's programs by coordinating 
between headquarters and regional offices the policy, 
managerial, resource, and administrative actions.

                       COMMITTEE RECOMMENDATIONS

    The Committee recommends a total appropriation of 
$1,044,764,000 for FEMA Salaries and Expenses, including a 
transfer from the Disaster Readiness and Support [DRS] programs 
within the Disaster Relief Fund [DRF] account as requested. 
Excluding the transfer, the amount provided is $20,684,000 
below fiscal year 2016 level and $23,439,000 below the request. 
The recommendation includes the transfer of $104,694,000 in 
activities from the DRS after a significant effort to evaluate 
resources and realign funds to ensure transparency on funds 
needed for base FEMA operations as opposed to disaster 
readiness and disaster response. Unless otherwise noted, 
reductions are recommended to account for lower than 
anticipated staffing levels. The Committee applauds FEMA's 
recent hiring efforts, and accordingly provides funding 
recommendations based on the current projected fill rate.
    The following table summarizes the Committee's 
recommendations as compared to the fiscal year 2016 and budget 
request levels:

                                              SALARIES AND EXPENSES
                                            [In thousands of dollars]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                          Fiscal year 2016   Fiscal year 2017      Committee
                                                              enacted         budget request    recommendations
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Administrative and Regional Offices....................           236,802            247,788            233,007
    Office of National Capital Region Coordination.....            (3,422)            (3,460)            (3,460)
Preparedness and Protection............................           189,581            164,656            161,394
Response...............................................           174,124            189,923            190,915
    Urban Search and Rescue Response System............           (35,180)           (27,513)           (35,180)
Recovery...............................................            49,763             58,687             57,023
Mitigation.............................................            27,957             24,887             27,579
Mission Support........................................           181,610            220,464            213,286
Centrally Managed Accounts.............................           100,917            161,798            161,560
                                                        --------------------------------------------------------
      Total, Salaries and Expenses.....................           960,754          1,068,203          1,044,764
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

                           PROGRAM ACTIVITIES

    Of the total amount made available for Salaries and 
Expenses, $15,500,000 is included for Mount Weather capital 
improvements and operations, as requested.
    Of the total amounts recommended, not less than: $2,000,000 
is for the Emergency Management Assistance Compact [EMAC] under 
the Preparedness and Protection PPA; $2,136,625 is for the 
National Hurricane Program under the Response PPA; $8,500,000 
is for the National Earthquake Hazards Reduction Program and 
$9,100,000 is for the National Dam Safety Program under the 
Mitigation PPA. Funding levels for each of these programs are 
maintained at fiscal year 2016 levels after adjusting for one-
time expenditures. The repeated request for reduced funding for 
EMAC seems shortsighted. EMAC funds ensure States support other 
States during a disaster possibly preventing the need to call 
up Federal resources.
    The Committee notes that FEMA is carrying out Phase 2 of 
the performance based seismic design philosophy [PBSD], which 
demonstrates how the design and construction of buildings can 
reflect realistic and reliable resiliency. Previous results of 
the philosophy have been captured and described in the most 
recent edition of the International Building Code. FEMA is 
directed to brief the Committee not later than 45 days after 
the date of enactment of this act on plans to work with the 
consensus standards and model building code community to place 
these updated PBSD guidelines into the model codes.
    Coordination among Federal agencies and State and local 
partners on public warning systems for earthquakes is a 
critical component of the West Coast Earthquake Early Warning 
System and other efforts in the Nation with the threat of 
earthquakes. FEMA is directed to brief the Committee not later 
than 60 days after the date of enactment of this act on such 
coordination efforts, including those with the U.S. Geological 
Survey and the Federal Communications Commission.
    The Committee commends FEMA Region 10 for signing the Puget 
Sound Federal Caucus Memorandum of Understanding [MOU] on March 
18, 2014. The recovery and cleanup of Puget Sound is essential 
to our Nation's economy and continued coordination and sharing 
of expertise among Federal partners is critical to furthering 
current efforts. The Committee directs FEMA to work with its 
counterparts in the Puget Sound Federal Caucus to renew and 
strengthen the MOU prior to its expiration on March 27, 2017.

            THREAT HAZARD IDENTIFICATION AND RISK ASSESSMENT

    The Committee commends FEMA for the continued work with the 
Threat Hazard Identification and Risk Assessment [THIRA], State 
Preparedness Reports, and the National Preparedness Report and 
encourages efforts to develop a nationwide THIRA. Each of these 
links in the preparedness system remains critical to properly 
assessing ongoing activities, revealing gaps in capabilities, 
and demonstrating the value of Federal investments through 
grant funding. Currently, State grant recipients and those 
participating in the Urban Area Security Initiative [UASI] are 
required to complete a THIRA. These assessments will prove even 
more valuable with input from all levels of government. 
Therefore, the Committee recommends FEMA work with stakeholders 
to develop a strategy ensuring all jurisdictions, including 
ports and transit systems, demonstrate participation in a 
local, State, or regional THIRA process. This strategy shall be 
aimed at ensuring all homeland security grants funds are spent 
in a coordinated manner and should take into account reporting 
and planning efforts already required, such as those undertaken 
by ports with the Coast Guard. With that in mind, the Committee 
supports current efforts by FEMA to make the THIRA process more 
user-friendly. The Committee understands FEMA has begun working 
with State and local governments to address the timing of the 
THIRA requirement so that participants would complete a full 
THIRA every 3 years with annual updates when needed. The 
Committee directs FEMA to continue working with stakeholders to 
fully implement a solution. Since State and local resources 
used to develop the THIRA are also the primary assets used 
during a major disaster or large-scale exercise, lessons 
learned from those events were not always fully incorporated 
into the THIRA due to overwhelmed capabilities.

                     FEDERAL DISASTER DECLARATIONS

    Communities often suffer repetitive storms which require 
separate disaster declarations. Since FEMA and the President 
consider each storm event separately when deciding whether to 
declare a Federal disaster, the rules and criteria can 
sometimes appear to be applied inconsistently. This can lead to 
confusing results such as when two counties across State lines 
suffer from a disaster but only one receives a declaration. 
Therefore, FEMA is directed to work with stakeholders on the 
best way to provide clear and descriptive reasoning when 
Federal assistance is denied so that State and local officials 
can better understand applied criteria. FEMA shall brief the 
Committee no later than 45 days after the date of enactment of 
this act on how this will be accomplished.

                           DISASTER CLOSEOUTS

    There are currently 524 open disasters in 56 States and 
territories. The Committee understands the time required to 
closeout all projects from a significant event, but some of 
these disasters date back to 1994. FEMA is directed to provide 
a briefing within 60 days of the date of enactment of this act 
on the status of those disasters open more than 5 years, 
technical assistance provided grantees to facilitate the 
expeditious closeout of disasters, and those actions or reforms 
being considered within the agency and with grantees to speed 
the closeout process.

                   INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY RESILIENCE

    The Committee supports the ongoing efforts of the FEMA 
Chief Information Officer [CIO] in continuing to improve the 
information technology and cybersecurity requirements of the 
agency. FEMA is now operating under a full IT Modernization 
Plan which outlines strategic priorities to 2022. Ongoing 
upgrades include Financial Systems Modernization, the Grants 
Modernization System, and the new data system at the Federal 
Insurance and Mitigation Administration to aid in handling 
flood insurance claims. The Committee is pleased to see FEMA 
continue to take these initiatives seriously and the budget 
recommendation reflects the necessary resources for the FEMA 
CIO to continue these ongoing efforts and recognizes room for 
improvement. In May 2016, GAO released a report (GAO-16-306) 
entitled ``Information Technology: FEMA Needs to Address 
Management Weaknesses to Improve Its Systems.'' The Committee 
supports the findings of the report including the need for FEMA 
to fully define its investment board's roles and 
responsibilities and procedures for selecting and overseeing 
investments; update its strategic plan and complete plans for 
IT modernization; and establish time frames for completing 
workforce planning efforts. The Committee intends to ensure 
this issue remains a priority for the agency and directs the 
FEMA CIO to continue semiannual briefings on progress.

                    STUDYING SUPPLY CHAIN MANAGEMENT

    Of the funds recommended, the Committee recommends 
$1,500,000 in the Recovery PPA for FEMA to work with NPPD and 
develop a plan to identify the most effective, innovative, and 
efficient ways to use the national supply chain to deliver 
life-saving commodities. The effort shall include an analysis 
of the resilience of supply chains for commodities such as 
water, food, pharmaceuticals, medical goods, fuel, and 
transportation assets and build upon prior work completed by 
the Regional Catastrophic Preparedness Grant Program. 
Particular attention shall be given to how public-private 
partnerships and relationships can be fostered and enhanced to 
support the supply chain. The plan should also be tied to core 
capabilities articulated in the National Preparedness Goal and 
include specific examples of processes, tools, and outcomes. An 
initial briefing outlining the strategy for this project shall 
be provided within 60 days of the date of enactment of this act 
with a final report due by the end of fiscal year 2017.

             OFFICE OF NATIONAL CAPITAL REGION COORDINATION

    The Committee recommends $3,460,000 for the Office of 
National Capital Region Coordination [ONCRC], the same amount 
as provided in fiscal year 2016. A permanent provision included 
in the Department of Homeland Security Appropriations Act, 
2013, requires inclusion of the Governors of the State of West 
Virginia and the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania in the National 
Capital Region decision-making process for mass evacuations. 
FEMA is directed to include officials from the counties and 
municipalities that contain the evacuation routes and their 
tributaries in the planning process.

                URBAN SEARCH AND RESCUE RESPONSE SYSTEM

    The Committee recommends $35,180,000 for the Urban Search 
and Rescue [USAR] Response System, $7,667,000 above the request 
and the same amount as provided in fiscal year 2016. Though the 
request did not explicitly include funding, FEMA claims they 
intended to request $27,513,000 for USAR, as they have in prior 
years. Funding will sustain the existing system and additional 
chemical, biological, nuclear, radiological, and explosives 
capabilities gained in fiscal year 2012.

                         ENSURING RAIL SECURITY

    The Committee recognizes that the increase in crude oil 
transported by rail poses new challenges to State and local 
officials and first responders. The objective in ensuring safe 
crude oil transport must be to prevent accidents and mitigate 
their impacts when they do occur. This means Federal agencies 
working together to ensure not only guidelines for tanker car 
construction, but also sufficient inspectors and track 
inspections and enhanced training for first responders. The 
movement of crude oil must be collaborative with all those 
charged with protecting critical infrastructure. When awarding 
grants and providing training, the Committee expects FEMA to 
consider the unique needs of first responders in meeting the 
issues related to crude oil shipping by rail. FEMA is directed 
to provide a written report to the Committees no later than 90 
days after the date of enactment of this act on its efforts to 
address the unique needs of first responders related to 
hazardous materials transportation (including crude oil) and 
response to incidents. The report shall include the 
effectiveness of training related to including any identified 
gaps in the need for additional training or curriculum 
improvements.

               CONSIDERING STRATEGIC MITIGATION PROGRAMS

    The National Mitigation Framework and the Mitigation 
Framework Leadership Group [MitFLG] are the primary efforts for 
FEMA to promote a robust strategy to reduce the impact of 
disasters. A strategy must be actionable, measurable, and able 
to be implemented in a way which unifies and leverages existing 
programs in an efficient manner but does not rule out new or 
streamlined programs in the future. Existing mitigation 
programs span across Federal agencies with FEMA as just one 
component. In July 2015, the GAO released a report (GAO-15-515) 
titled Hurricane Sandy: An Investment Strategy Could Help the 
Federal Government Enhance National Resilience for Future 
Disasters. This report states, ``There is no comprehensive, 
strategic approach to identifying, prioritizing and 
implementing investments for disaster resilience, which 
increases the risk that the Federal Government and nonfederal 
partners will experience lower returns on investments or lost 
opportunities to strengthen key critical infrastructure and 
lifelines.'' This conclusion is troubling and must be remedied.
    The current suite of mitigation efforts represents an 
anthology of programs assembled over time. While each program 
addresses specific needs in the mitigation mission, the overall 
effort appears uncoordinated limiting the impacts of disaster 
resiliency efforts.
    The Committee directs FEMA and the MitFLG, to create a 
strategy which helps guide decision-makers across the Federal 
Government. The strategy shall include recommendations to the 
executive and legislative branches of the Federal Government on 
how to best prioritize Federal resources aimed at enhancing 
disaster resilience; an actionable and measurable investment 
strategy supported by predictive financial and risk data; and 
how Federal programs can be better integrated and coordinated 
with State and local mitigation efforts.

                        STATE AND LOCAL PROGRAMS

Appropriations, 2016\1\.................................  $1,500,000,000
Budget estimate, 2017...................................   1,018,543,000
Committee recommendation................................   1,544,469,000

\1\Excludes $50,000,000 provided in a general provision for Countering 
Violent Extremism.

    Funding for State and Local Programs provides grants for 
training, equipment, planning, and exercises to improve 
readiness for potential disasters.

                       COMMITTEE RECOMMENDATIONS

    The Committee recommends $1,544,469,000 for State and Local 
Programs, $525,926,000 above the amount requested in comparable 
programs and $44,469,000 above the amount provided in fiscal 
year 2016. The following table summarizes the Committee's 
recommendations as compared to the fiscal year 2016 and budget 
request levels:

                                            STATE AND LOCAL PROGRAMS
                                            [In thousands of dollars]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                          Fiscal year 2016   Fiscal year 2017      Committee
                                                              enacted         budget request    recommendations
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Grants:
    State Homeland Security Grant Program..............           467,000            200,000            467,000
        Operation Stonegarden..........................           (55,000)  .................           (55,000)
                                                                                  ..........
    Urban Area Security Initiative.....................           600,000            330,000            600,000
        Nonprofit Security Grants......................           (20,000)  .................           (20,000)
                                                                                  ..........
    Public Transportation Security/Railroad Security...           100,000             85,000            100,000
        Amtrak Security................................           (10,000)           (10,000)           (10,000)
        Over-the-Road Bus Security.....................            (3,000)  .................            (3,000)
                                                                                  ..........
    Port Security Grants...............................           100,000             93,000            100,000
    Countering Violent Extremism.......................  .................            49,000             50,000
                                                               ..........
    Regional Competition Grant Program.................  .................           100,000   .................
                                                               ..........                            ..........
                                                        --------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Discretionary Grants...................         1,267,000            857,000          1,317,000
                                                        ========================================================
 
Education, Training, and Exercises:
    Emergency Management Institute.....................            20,569   .................            20,569
    Center for Domestic Preparedness...................            64,991   .................            67,989
    National Domestic Preparedness Consortium..........            98,000             36,000            101,000
    National Exercise Program..........................            19,919   .................            19,911
    Center for Homeland Defense and Security and         .................            37,643   .................
     Emergency Management Institute....................
    Center for Domestic Preparedness and National        .................            87,900   .................
     Exercise Program..................................
    Continuing Training/Center for Homeland Defense and            29,521   .................            18,000
     Security..........................................
                                                        --------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Education, Training, and Exercises.....           233,000            161,543            227,469
                                                        --------------------------------------------------------
      Total, State and Local Programs..................         1,500,000          1,018,543          1,544,469
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

                           GRANTS MANAGEMENT

    The Committee includes specific timeframes for grant dollar 
distribution. For each of the grant programs, funding 
opportunity announcements shall be issued in 60 days, 
applicants shall apply within 80 days after announcements are 
made, and FEMA shall act on the application within 65 days 
after applications are due.
    FEMA is encouraged to prioritize grant applications that 
improve the physical security of eligible large venues for the 
protection of citizens who congregate in such facilities. FEMA 
shall give strong consideration to applications supporting the 
purchase of converged Land Mobile Radios and Long-Term 
Evolution. FEMA is also encouraged to give robust consideration 
of applications that develop alternative methods of evacuation 
at schools and other public buildings.
    FEMA is directed to work with grantees, particularly UASI 
recipients, on planning and sustainment of resources needed for 
preparedness to ensure that if Federal funding fluctuates, 
gains in preparedness can be sustained.

      COUNTERING VIOLENT EXTREMISM AND COMPLEX COORDINATED ATTACKS

    In Public Law 114-113, the Congress provided $50,000,000 to 
the Secretary for emergent threats from violent extremism and 
from complex, coordinated terrorist attacks. FEMA will execute 
$40,000,000 of those funds focusing on the latter threat, 
$1,000,000 through Joint Counterterrorism Awareness Workshops 
and $39,000,000 through competitive grants. In support of the 
Office of Community Partnerships [OCP], FEMA will award 
$10,000,000 to more directly build community partnerships 
necessary to support efforts for countering violent extremism 
[CVE]. As funded projects begin to bear useful best practices 
and new approaches, FEMA and OCP shall make the information 
available in a usable format to other communities. Sharing 
information will allow communities to develop more effective 
projects. The funds have 2-year availability to allow careful 
consideration of the path forward. FEMA is directed to provide 
a report no later than 180 days after the final grant award for 
these grants that evaluates the effectiveness of each program 
and identifies remaining gaps.
    It is critical to note that CVE activities are eligible 
under existing State and Local Grant Programs including the 
State Homeland Security Grant Program [SHSGP] and UASI. In 
addition, this bill includes $50,000,000 dedicated to CVE 
activities and rejects the proposed 35 percent cut to FEMA's 
base grant programs.

                 STATE HOMELAND SECURITY GRANT PROGRAM

    The Committee recommends $467,000,000 for SHSGP, of which 
$55,000,000 shall be for Operation Stonegarden. Operation 
Stonegarden grants shall continue to be competitively awarded 
and shall not be restricted to any particular border. As in 
previous years, FEMA is directed to ensure all border States 
shall be eligible to apply in fiscal year 2017 and ensure 
preparedness grants are adequately allocated to improve the 
capabilities of small and rural communities.

                     URBAN AREA SECURITY INITIATIVE

    The Committee recommends $600,000,000 for UASI, of which 
$20,000,000 shall be for nonprofit entities determined to be at 
high risk by the Secretary.
    The Committee notes that the 9/11 Act requires FEMA to 
conduct a risk assessment for the 100 most populous 
metropolitan areas annually. All such areas are eligible for 
UASI funding based on threat, vulnerability, and consequence. 
FEMA shall justify funding decisions based on risk.
    The Committee is concerned FEMA's current risk analysis 
does not consider certain data points which disproportionately 
affect non-contiguous states and territories, particularly 
those with large urban population centers. In particular, FEMA 
does not incorporate data about the proximity of a Metropolitan 
Statistical Area [MSA] and the ability for it to receive 
response resources; real-time data of international visitors; 
or the significance of the military mission of the defense 
industrial base assets. The Committee expects FEMA to develop 
an appropriate way to incorporate these data points when 
assessing risk for awarding fiscal year 2017 UASI grants. If 
FEMA is unable to resolve the question of how to incorporate 
these factors into their fiscal year 2017 risk assessment, the 
Committee expects FEMA to provide a report to the Committee 
articulating what the agency has done to attempt compliance 
with this directive, listing specifically what obstacles 
prevented the agency from complying, and providing the agency's 
plan to comply.

              LAW ENFORCEMENT TERRORISM PREVENTION PROGRAM

    In accordance with section 2006 of the Homeland Security 
Act of 2002, the Law Enforcement Terrorism Prevention Program 
[LETPP] is funded through a required set aside of 25 percent of 
the funds appropriated through the SHSGP and UASI programs. The 
Committee directs FEMA to provide clear guidance to States and 
urban areas to ensure that the intent of LETPP is fully 
realized.

     PUBLIC TRANSPORTATION SECURITY ASSISTANCE, RAILROAD SECURITY 
         ASSISTANCE, AND OVER-THE-ROAD BUS SECURITY ASSISTANCE

    The Committee recommends $100,000,000 for Public 
Transportation Security Assistance, Railroad Security 
Assistance, and Over-the-Road Bus Security Assistance. Of the 
recommended amount, $10,000,000 is for Amtrak security needs 
and $3,000,000 is for Over-the-Road Bus Security Assistance.

                          PORT SECURITY GRANTS

    The Committee recommends $100,000,000 for the Port Security 
Grant Program. The Committee is concerned some projects lack 
integration with the homeland security priorities of 
surrounding jurisdictions. Port Security Grant awards and 
projects should demonstrate a cooperative vision, integrate the 
Whole of Community, and illustrate a strategic significance to 
the country such as those indicated as ``Strategic Seaports'' 
by the Surface Deployment and Distribution Command where 
appropriate.

                   EDUCATION, TRAINING, AND EXERCISES

    The Committee recommends $227,469,000 for Education, 
Training, and Exercises, $65,926,000 above the request and 
$5,531,000 below fiscal year 2016.
    Of this amount, the Committee recommends $67,989,000 for 
the Center for Domestic Preparedness [CDP] which includes 
$4,050,000 for facility upgrades, as requested. Also, the 
recommended level for Salaries and Expenses includes an 
additional 12 FTE for CDP. This unique facility provides 
specialized all-hazards preparedness training to State, local, 
and tribal emergency responders on skills tied to national 
priorities, particularly those related to terrorist attacks 
using weapons of mass destruction and mass casualty events. It 
is the Nation's only live-agent training facility for civilian 
responders, and it offers a unique environment allowing them to 
train using toxic nerve agents and live biological agents in 
safety. For the past several years, a provision has been 
included in the bill permitting the Administrator to use the 
funds provided under paragraph (6) under this heading to 
acquire real property for the purpose of establishing or 
appropriately extending the security buffer zones for FEMA-
owned training facilities. Funding used for such purpose shall 
only come from funds specifically appropriated to the facility 
for which the property is acquired. The Committee understands 
this provision will no longer be necessary after fiscal year 
2017 and expects if circumstances change, the provision will be 
included in the request for fiscal year 2018.
    Within the total, the Committee includes $101,000,000 for 
the National Domestic Preparedness Consortium [NDPC], instead 
of the requested $36,000,000. The Consortium, authorized by the 
9/11 Act, has conducted training in all 50 States and each U.S. 
territory. Over 2,436,140 first responders have been trained to 
date. Funding shall be distributed in accordance with the 9/11 
Act as in previous years.
    The Committee notes that high-profile attention and media 
coverage of spectator sports and special events present a 
significant risk as potential targets for international and 
domestic terrorists. The Committee directs FEMA to provide a 
briefing not later than 45 days after the date of enactment of 
this act on resources dedicated to training related to 
spectator sporting and special events.
    The Committee includes $18,000,000 for the Center for 
Homeland Defense and Security [CHDS]. CHDS programs include a 
fully accredited Master's Degree program; executive education 
seminars for Governors, locally elected officials, and their 
senior department leaders; an Executive Leaders Program; a 
Fusion Center Leaders Program; a peer-reviewed online academic 
journal; a university and agency partnership effort; and an 
online homeland security library. The Committee includes 
$20,569,000 for the Emergency Management Institute, $926,000 
above the request and the same as provided in fiscal year 2016. 
The Competitive Training Grants are eliminated as requested. To 
mitigate the impact on first responder training capacity, FEMA 
should work through its current training institutions to 
address emerging training needs.

                     FIREFIGHTER ASSISTANCE GRANTS

Appropriations, 2016....................................    $690,000,000
Budget estimate, 2017...................................     670,000,000
Committee recommendation................................     680,000,000

    Firefighter assistance grants, as authorized by section 33 
of the Federal Fire Prevention and Control Act of 1974 (15 
U.S.C. 2229), assist local firefighting departments for the 
purpose of protecting the health and safety of the public and 
firefighting personnel, including volunteers and emergency 
medical service personnel, against fire and fire-related 
hazards.

                       COMMITTEE RECOMMENDATIONS

    The Committee recommends $680,000,000 for firefighter 
assistance grants, including $340,000,000 for firefighter 
assistance grants and $340,000,000 for firefighter staffing 
grants, to remain available until September 30, 2018. This is 
$10,000,000 above the amount requested and $10,000,000 less 
than was provided in fiscal year 2016.
    The Committee directs the Department to continue the 
present practice of funding applications according to local 
priorities and those established by the United States Fire 
Administration [USFA], and to continue direct funding to fire 
departments and the peer review process. The Committee expects 
that the rural fire department funding level will be consistent 
with the previous 5-year history, and encourages FEMA to 
consider the need for resources for staffing grants to rural 
departments that meet both local and regional needs. FEMA shall 
brief the Committee no later than 30 days after the date of 
enactment of this act if there is an anticipated fluctuation.

                EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT PERFORMANCE GRANTS

Appropriations, 2016....................................    $350,000,000
Budget estimate, 2017...................................     350,000,000
Committee recommendation................................     350,000,000

    Funding requested in this account provides support to the 
Nation's all-hazards emergency management system and helps to 
build State and local emergency management capability.

                       COMMITTEE RECOMMENDATIONS

    The Committee recommends $350,000,000 for Emergency 
Management Performance Grants [EMPG], which is the same amount 
as provided in fiscal year 2016. The Committee directs FEMA to 
retain EMPG as a separate grant program and not to combine its 
funding with any other grant allocation or application process.
    The Committee recognizes EMPG as supporting those who 
represent the front line in managing disasters across the 
country. Last year, 43 disasters required a presidential 
declaration and direct Federal assistance. Beyond that, 
according to the National Emergency Management Association and 
U.S. Council of the International Association of Emergency 
Managers, in fiscal year 2015, 30,275 events required State 
assets and 19,415 local and tribal events without Federal 
assistance. Most of this capability is in no small part due to 
EMPG. The 50 percent match requirement at least doubles the 
Federal investment and supports training and exercises, public 
preparedness efforts, communications and warning systems, and 
mutual aid agreements.

              RADIOLOGICAL EMERGENCY PREPAREDNESS PROGRAM

Appropriations, 2016....................................       -$305,000
Budget estimate, 2017...................................        -265,000
Committee recommendation................................        -265,000

    The Radiological Emergency Preparedness [REP] Program 
assists State and local governments in the development of off-
site radiological emergency preparedness plans within the 
emergency planning zones of commercial nuclear power facilities 
licensed by the Nuclear Regulatory Commission [NRC]. The fund 
is financed from fees assessed and collected from the NRC 
licensees to recover the amounts anticipated to be obligated in 
the next fiscal year for expenses related to REP program 
activities.

                       COMMITTEE RECOMMENDATIONS

    The Committee provides for the receipt and expenditure of 
fees collected, as authorized by Public Law 105-276. The budget 
estimates fee collections to exceed expenditures by $265,000 in 
fiscal year 2017.

                   UNITED STATES FIRE ADMINISTRATION

Appropriations, 2016....................................     $44,000,000
Budget estimate, 2017...................................      42,312,000
Committee recommendation................................      44,000,000

    The mission of the USFA is to reduce losses, both economic 
and human, due to fire and other emergencies through training, 
research, coordination, and support. USFA also prepares the 
Nation's first responder and healthcare leaders through 
ongoing, and when necessary, expedited training regarding how 
to evaluate and minimize community risk, improve protection to 
critical infrastructure, and be better prepared to react to 
all-hazard and terrorism emergencies.

                       COMMITTEE RECOMMENDATIONS

    The Committee recommends $44,000,000 for USFA, which is 
$1,688,000 above the amount requested and the same amount as 
provided in fiscal year 2016. The amount included above the 
request is to allow for the continued development of the 
National Fire Incident Reporting System and support for the 
National Fallen Firefighters Memorial.

                          DISASTER RELIEF FUND

                     (INCLUDING TRANSFER OF FUNDS)

Appropriations, 2016....................................  $7,374,693,000
Budget estimate, 2017...................................   7,348,515,000
Committee recommendation................................   7,348,515,000

    Through the Disaster Relief Fund [DRF], the Department 
provides a significant portion of the total Federal response to 
victims in presidentially declared major disasters and 
emergencies. Major disasters are declared when a State requests 
Federal assistance and proves that a given disaster is beyond 
the local and State capacity to respond. Under the DRF, FEMA 
will continue to operate the primary assistance programs, 
including Federal assistance to individuals and households; and 
public assistance, which includes the repair and reconstruction 
of State, local, and nonprofit infrastructure. The post-
disaster hazard mitigation set-aside to States, as part of the 
DRF, works as a companion piece to the National Predisaster 
Mitigation Fund.

                       COMMITTEE RECOMMENDATIONS

    The Committee recommends funding the request of 
$7,348,515,000 for DRF, of which $6,709,000,000 is provided 
under the disaster relief adjustment pursuant to Public Law 
112-25. The Committee includes bill language continuing the 
requirements set forth in Public Law 114-4 with regard to DRF 
reporting. The Committee recommends bill language transferring 
$24,000,000 to OIG for audits and investigations.
    Given the rise in the frequency and severity of all 
hazards, the Committee continues believing States, as well as 
tribal and local governments, must plan ahead for unexpected 
costs. Not only will these governments need to have funds to 
respond to the increasing number of disasters and incidents 
that do not meet the criteria for Federal assistance, but they 
also must meet cost share requirements for Presidentially 
declared disasters. The Committee has not seen demonstrable 
evidence these concerns are being addressed. Further, GAO, 
through GAO-16-375SP, found FEMA ``could reduce the costs to 
the Federal Government related to major disasters declared by 
the President by updating the principal indicator on which 
disaster funding decisions are based and better measuring a 
State's capacity to respond without Federal assistance.'' FEMA 
is directed to provide a report, in consultation with State and 
local grantees, outlining specific actions and timeframes for 
State and local governments to better share information about 
fiscal preparation for disaster costs no later than 180 days 
after the date of enactment of this act.
    FEMA is directed to provide a briefing not later than 45 
days after the date of enactment of this act on how comments 
were adjudicated pursuant to rulemaking related to factors 
considered when evaluating Individual Assistance for a Major 
Disaster, including for wildfire impacted communities, as 
required in section 1109 of the Sandy Recovery Improvement Act 
of 2013.

                 FLOOD HAZARD MAPPING AND RISK ANALYSIS

Appropriations, 2016....................................    $190,000,000
Budget estimate, 2017...................................     177,531,000
Committee recommendation................................     177,531,000

    This appropriation supports the functions necessary to 
develop, and keep current, flood risk information and flood 
maps. The flood maps are used to determine appropriate risk-
based premium rates for the National Flood Insurance Program, 
to complete flood hazard determinations required of the 
Nation's lending institutions, and to develop appropriate 
disaster response plans for Federal, State, and local emergency 
management personnel.

                       COMMITTEE RECOMMENDATIONS

    The Committee recommends $177,531,000 for Flood Hazard 
Mapping and Risk Analysis as requested and $12,469,000 below 
the amount provided in fiscal year 2016. In total, the bill 
provides $345,894,000 for flood mapping when combined with 
$168,363,000 in fee funded mapping activity.
    The Committee recognizes that many communities across the 
country continue to rely on flood hazard maps that are 
inaccurate or outdated or that do not reflect the true risks of 
flooding. Because these maps impact a community's ability to 
participate in the National Flood Insurance Program, the 
Committee urges FEMA to closely coordinate with communities to 
the greatest extent possible to ensure that the data used as 
part of its ongoing remapping efforts is accurate and 
integrated with local flood control efforts.
    The Committee urges FEMA to implement the final 
recommendations and goals of the Technical Mapping Assistance 
Committee's 2015 Annual Report, including forming a National 
Flood Hazard Risk Management Coordination Committee to help 
lead the ongoing implementation of the 5-year Flood Hazard 
Mapping and Risk Assessment Plan. The Committee should not only 
include Cooperating Technical Partners, but also State agencies 
and experts that have developed mapping expertise and models 
that can be useful in FEMA's efforts to consider future 
conditions, such as sea level rise and coastal erosion.

                     NATIONAL FLOOD INSURANCE FUND

Appropriations, 2016\1\.................................    $181,198,000
Budget estimate, 2017\1\................................     181,799,000
Committee recommendation\1\.............................     181,799,000

\1\Fully offset by fee collections.

    The National Flood Insurance Fund [NFIF] is a fee-generated 
fund which provides funding for the National Flood Insurance 
Program [NFIP]. This program enables property owners to 
purchase flood insurance otherwise unavailable in the 
commercial market. The National Flood Insurance Act of 1968 
authorizes the Federal Government to provide flood insurance on 
a national basis. This insurance is available to communities 
which enact and enforce appropriate floodplain management 
measures and covers virtually all types of buildings and their 
contents.

                       COMMITTEE RECOMMENDATIONS

    The Committee recommends $181,799,000, as proposed in the 
budget, for NFIF activities related to floodplain management, 
flood mapping and mitigation, and flood insurance operations.
    Since 1990, the Community Rating System [CRS] has 
encouraged voluntary community floodplain management activities 
in excess of NFIP minimum standards. As a community implements 
additional mitigation activities, local residents become 
eligible for NFIP policy discounts. In recent years, the 
Committee has repeatedly provided direction to FEMA to utilize 
existing partnerships with public-private, higher-education, 
not-for-profit, and other institutions with expertise in the 
CRS program to provide technical assistance and help promulgate 
the program across the country. The Committee encourages FEMA 
to consider how to maximize the number of partners available to 
provide technical assistance including options such as 
competitive grant programs.
    The Committee notes that the Community Assistance Program 
provides resources to States to assist and monitor NFIP 
participating communities that is essential to effective 
implementation of the NFIP. This program provides funding to 
States who then provide technical assistance to communities in 
the NFIP and evaluate community performance in implementing 
NFIP floodplain management activities. Unlike competitive grant 
programs for projects, its purpose is to build capacity by 
providing knowledge and expertise and ensure compliance with a 
Federal program.
    The Committee is pleased that the Cooperating Technical 
Partners effort within the mapping budget contributes to 
supporting the mapping activities and fosters local confidence 
in map products. Community buy-in on flood maps often leads to 
local public and private risk reduction actions. This 
cooperative fiscal approach benefits all levels of government.
    According to deadlines in the Homeowner Flood Insurance 
Affordability Act and Biggert-Waters Flood Insurance Reform Act 
of 2012, FEMA is required to submit an affordability framework 
for flood insurance. Using FEMA's assumed date submission, the 
last day the Agency must submit the affordability framework to 
Congress is September 10, 2017, a mere 20 days before the 
authorization for NFIP sunsets. This will not allow enough time 
for the Congress to adequately impact this process. Therefore, 
FEMA is directed to brief the Committee within 5 business days 
of the date of enactment of this act on the current strategy to 
meet the September 2017 deadline or provide the framework 
earlier.
    FEMA began a data collection process on April 1, 2016, and 
anticipates the rate change package by October 1, 2016. FEMA is 
directed to brief the initial descriptive data statistics and 
information based on the policy fundamentals of the NFIP 
gathered through the clear communication process required by 
Section 28 of the Homeowner Flood Insurance Affordability Act 
(Public Law 113-89) to the Committee within 90 days of the date 
of enactment of this act.

                  NATIONAL PREDISASTER MITIGATION FUND

Appropriations, 2016....................................    $100,000,000
Budget estimate, 2017...................................      54,486,000
Committee recommendation................................     100,000,000

    The National Predisaster Mitigation [PDM] Fund provides 
grants to States, communities, territories, and tribal 
governments for hazard mitigation planning and implementing 
mitigation projects prior to a disaster event. PDM grants are 
awarded on a competitive basis. This program operates 
independent from, but in concert with, the Hazard Mitigation 
Grant Program [HMGP], funded through the Disaster Relief Fund, 
which provides grants to a State in which a disaster has been 
declared.

                       COMMITTEE RECOMMENDATIONS

    The Committee recommends $100,000,000 for PDM, $45,514,000 
above the amount requested and the same as provided in fiscal 
year 2016. FEMA is directed to continue ensuring funds be 
utilized for actual mitigation projects since the past several 
years have allowed for a greater focus on planning which should 
become more of a responsibility of grantees.
    The Committee is interested in increasing transparency and 
better articulating the cost-benefits of mitigation grants 
administered by FEMA. The Committee directs FEMA to develop an 
annual report summarizing the end-users for these grants, how 
funding is utilized, and the cost-benefit analysis completed 
demonstrating the larger impact of these grants.
    The Committee notes that mitigation projects for all types 
of hazards that can attract private sector funding will greatly 
maximize the number of projects and the benefits from the cost-
saving practice of resiliency. This is incredibly important 
across the Nation and in very high-risk areas like the Cascadia 
subduction zone. FEMA is directed to brief the Committee prior 
to making PDM grant applications available on how public-
private partnerships will be specifically evaluated when 
considering projects.

                       EMERGENCY FOOD AND SHELTER

Appropriations, 2016....................................    $120,000,000
Budget estimate, 2017...................................     100,000,000
Committee recommendation................................     100,000,000

    This appropriation funds grants to nonprofit and faith-
based organizations at the local level to supplement their 
programs for emergency food and shelter to provide for the 
immediate needs of the homeless.

                       COMMITTEE RECOMMENDATIONS

    The Committee recommends $100,000,000 for Emergency Food 
and Shelter Program [EFSP], which is the same amount as 
requested and $20,000,000 below the amount provided in fiscal 
year 2016. The Committee recognizes the EFSP is one program, in 
conjunction with other Federal programs, which serves those in 
immediate need of food and shelter assistance.
    The Committee remains wholly supportive of the mission and 
priorities of ESFP, but remains concerned that funding is not 
fully maximized through FEMA administration of the funds and 
would be better placed in an agency with subject matter 
expertise. Therefore, language is again included directing the 
transfer of ESFP to the Department of Housing and Urban 
Development [HUD]. The Committee emphasizes that this program 
is not duplicative of other HUD programs, and therefore shall 
retain its original purpose and not be combined with other HUD 
programs.

                                TITLE IV

            RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT, TRAINING, AND SERVICES

           United States Citizenship and Immigration Services

Appropriations, 2016....................................    $119,671,000
Budget estimate, 2017...................................     129,139,000
Committee recommendation................................     119,139,000

    United States Citizenship and Immigration Services [USCIS] 
funds expenses necessary for the administration of laws and the 
provision of services related to people seeking to enter, 
reside, work, and naturalize in the United States. In addition 
to directly appropriated resources, fee collections are 
available for the operations of USCIS.
    Immigration Examinations Fees.--USCIS collects fees from 
persons applying for immigration benefits to support the 
adjudication of applications, as authorized by the Immigration 
and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1356).
    H-1B and L Fraud Prevention and Detection Fees.--USCIS 
collects fees from petitioners seeking a beneficiary's initial 
grant of H-1B or L nonimmigrant classification or those 
petitioners seeking to change a beneficiary's employer within 
those classifications (Public Law 108-447).
    H-1B Nonimmigrant Petitioner Fees.--USCIS collects fees 
from petitioners using the H-1B program (Public Law 108-447).

                       COMMITTEE RECOMMENDATIONS

    The Committee recommends direct appropriations of 
$119,139,000 and notes estimated fee collections of 
$3,505,710,000 for total resources of $3,624,849,000.
    The following table summarizes the Committee's 
recommendations for appropriations as compared to the fiscal 
year 2016 and budget request levels:

                       UNITED STATES CITIZENSHIP AND IMMIGRATION SERVICES--PROGRAM SUMMARY
                                            [In thousands of dollars]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                            Fiscal year 2016  Fiscal year 2017      Committee
                                                                 enacted       budget request    recommendations
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Appropriations:
    E-Verify..............................................           119,671           119,139           119,139
    Immigrant integration programs........................  ................            10,000  ................
                                                           -----------------------------------------------------
      Total, Appropriations...............................           119,671           129,139           119,139
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

                                E-VERIFY

    The Committee recommends $119,139,000 for the E-Verify 
program. This is the same as the amount requested and $532,000 
below the amount provided in fiscal year 2016. The Committee is 
supportive of the Department's efforts to improve E-Verify's 
ability to automatically verify those who are work authorized, 
detect identity fraud, and detect system misuse and 
discrimination. E-Verify is both a tool for employers committed 
to maintaining a legal workforce and a deterrent to illegal 
immigration.
    The growth in E-Verify use by employers has significantly 
increased from fewer than 25,000 employers in fiscal year 2007 
to more than 652,561 as of April 2016, with an average of more 
than 1,300 new employers enrolling per week. E-Verify processed 
31,000,000 cases in fiscal year 2014, a more than seven-fold 
increase from the 4,000,000 cases processed in fiscal year 
2007. So far in fiscal year 2016, E-Verify processed more than 
18,000,000 cases. The Committee directs USCIS to include on its 
Web site statistics showing E-Verify use across the Nation. At 
a minimum, the Web site should include basic analytics and 
descriptive statistics functions, such as graphics and tables 
showing the number and percentage of employers in each State 
using E-Verify, the adoption rates by industry, and the number 
of cases processed each year.

                                  H-2B

    The Committee remains concerned over the management of the 
H-2B visa program, particularly the allocation of visas within 
the annual caps. The Committee directs USCIS to use the 
findings of the study required in Senate Report 144-168 to make 
systematic improvements to ensure the number of individuals 
admitted to, or present in, the United States in H-2B status is 
more closely aligned with the statutory numerical limitation. 
To increase transparency, USCIS shall make publically available 
on the DHS Web site--(1) 5 years of historical data of H-2B 
nonimmigrant petitions received and approved and the number of 
visas for H-2B nonimmigrants that were not subject to the 
statutory cap; (2) the annual target number of beneficiaries to 
be issued visas as H-2B nonimmigrants for the fiscal year; (3) 
the number of petitions for H-2B nonimmigrants approved by the 
Department in each half of the fiscal year, including the 
aggregated number of beneficiaries contained in the approved 
petitions; (4) the number of petitions pending approval or 
denial by the Secretary; (5) the number of visas that are not 
exempt from the statutory cap issued by the Secretary of State; 
and (6) disclosure of the methodology and raw data used to 
determine when the statutory cap has been reached, including 
notification whenever the methodology to make this 
determination changes at any time during the fiscal year.

        FRAUD DETECTION AND NATIONAL SECURITY COMPLIANCE REVIEWS

    The Committee is disappointed that USCIS has not provided 
the H-1B and L reports required in Senate Report 144-168, 
especially as one of the reporting requirements was simply to 
describe enforcement goals and the action plan for compliance 
visits. The Committee directs USCIS to continue reporting on 
compliance, as described in Senate Report 144-168, on an annual 
basis.
    The Committee understands that USCIS is continuing to 
evaluate tools to analyze relevant social media in vetting for 
certain types of benefits and believes that it is important for 
USCIS to analyze and consider the social media activity, and 
other publicly-available information, of those seeking visas to 
enter the United States. It is crucial that USCIS efficiently 
and effectively examine a broad number of social media sites on 
both the conventional internet and the dark Web, especially 
those sites hosted overseas, where most of the postings are in 
languages other than English. In addition, USCIS must maintain 
persistent access to these sources throughout and beyond the 
adjudication process. As USCIS continues to grant visas to 
individuals without social media vetting, the Committee directs 
USCIS to establish a program of record for social media vetting 
for the highest risk visa applicants within 60 days of the date 
of enactment of this act.

                           PROCESSING DELAYS

    The Committee is concerned about the prolonged delays at 
USCIS processing centers across the country for all benefit 
types. The Committee appreciates that USCIS has posted on its 
Web site the average wait times for each benefit type by 
service center or field office, and directs that USCIS increase 
transparency by adding to the Web site a summary of the current 
average wait times by benefit type. The summary should include 
comparisons of current wait times to historical wait times over 
the last three fiscal years. The Committee further directs 
USCIS to provide quarterly briefings for the Committee on the 
specific actions the agency is taking to reduce the backlog of 
applications, while ensuring that all applicants are properly 
reviewed for security purposes.
    The Committee encourages USCIS to consider adding a 
question related to the National Park System to the civics test 
administered during the naturalization process during the next 
regularly scheduled review of the examination.

                    INTEGRITY OF ADMISSIONS PROGRAMS

    Ensuring the integrity of the refugee and asylum admissions 
programs is critical, particularly as the volume of 
applications for both benefits continues to rise. The Committee 
directs USCIS to, within 120 days of the date of enactment of 
this act, submit a report that identifies: (1) the total number 
of individuals who were admitted to the United States as 
refugees, or who were granted asylee status, since 2001, who 
were subsequently identified as having an affiliation with 
terrorism in any manner; (2) the total number of children of 
individuals who were admitted to the United States as refugees, 
or who were granted asylee status, since 2001, who were 
subsequently identified as having an affiliation with terrorism 
in any manner; (3) the total number of individuals who were 
admitted to the United States as refugees, or who were granted 
asylee status, since 2001, who were subsequently arrested or 
convicted for any criminal offense in the United States; (4) 
the total number of individuals who were admitted to the United 
States as refugees, or who were granted asylee status, since 
2001, who subsequently adjusted to lawful permanent resident 
status with a waiver granted under section 209(c) of the 
Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1109(c)); and (5) the 
total number of individuals who were admitted to the United 
States as refugees, or who were granted asylee status, since 
2001, who were subsequently removed from the United States for 
any reason. In addition, the Committee directs USCIS to brief 
the Committee within 120 days of the date of enactment of this 
act on the costs of administering the refugee and asylee 
admissions programs.

                   EMPLOYMENT AUTHORIZATION DOCUMENTS

    The Committee directs USCIS to report on the number of 
employment authorization documents [EADs] issued annually from 
fiscal year 2012 through fiscal year 2015, including the 
validity period of those EADs broken down by any associated 
benefit type, and on the policies governing the validity period 
of the EADs.

                       TEMPORARY PROTECTED STATUS

    The Committee directs USCIS to report on the number of 
individuals receiving benefits under temporary protected status 
[TPS] annually from fiscal year 2012 through fiscal year 2015, 
the cost of providing the benefits granted to those 
individuals, as well as the validity period of benefits 
provided, and on the policies governing TPS determinations. In 
addition, the Committee directs USCIS to brief the Committee 
within 120 days of the date of enactment of this act on the 
estimates of the costs of administering the TPS programs.

                              FEE WAIVERS

    The Committee is concerned about the increased use of fee 
waivers, as those paying fees are forced to absorb costs for 
which they receive no benefit. In addition, those unable to pay 
USCIS fees are less likely to live in the United States 
independent of government assistance. The Committee directs 
USCIS to report on the policies and provide data on the use of 
fee waivers during the last four fiscal years within 90 days of 
the date of enactment of this act.

                            IMMIGRATION DATA

    The Committee directs USCIS to work with the DHS Office of 
Immigration Statistics and the DHS OCIO to provide all 
necessary technical and policy assistance necessary to improve 
the collection, sharing, and reporting of immigration data 
throughout the immigration lifecycle.

                             PROGRAM COSTS

    The U.S. Refugee Admissions Program [USRAP] is a 
partnership among USCIS, State's Bureau of Population, Refugees 
and Migration [PRM], and the Office of Refugee Resettlement 
[ORR] within of the Department of Health and Human Services and 
involves a number of supporting international and domestic 
agencies and organizations. The Committee directs USCIS, in 
conjunction with PRM and ORR, to report to the Congress on the 
direct costs associated with USRAP broken down by agency and 
activity for each of fiscal years 2013, 2014, 2015, and 2016. 
Such report shall also include the corresponding data on 
refugee applicants in process during those years for context 
regarding the cost per refugee. Such report shall be submitted 
not later than 180 days after the date of enactment of this 
act.

                Federal Law Enforcement Training Center


                         SALARIES AND EXPENSES

Appropriations, 2016....................................    $217,485,000
Budget estimate, 2017...................................     214,965,000
Committee recommendation................................     214,965,000

    The Federal Law Enforcement Training Center [FLETC] 
Salaries and Expenses appropriation provides funds for basic 
and some advanced training to Federal law enforcement personnel 
from more than 90 agencies. This account also allows for 
research of new training methodologies; provides for training 
delivered to certain State, local, and foreign law enforcement 
personnel on a space-available basis; and supports 
accreditation of Federal law enforcement training programs.

                       COMMITTEE RECOMMENDATIONS

    The Committee recommends $214,965,000 for Salaries and 
Expenses, the same amount as requested and $2,520,000 below the 
amount provided in fiscal year 2016. Within the funds 
recommended is $1,325,000 for the Federal Law Enforcement 
Training Accreditation Board. The Committee recognizes FLETC's 
senior leadership retirements and the staff turnover that 
diminishes the instructional workforce. The Committee 
encourages FLETC to continue pursuing timely hiring campaigns, 
and supports its request for direct hire authority, to help 
stem the effect of attrition and to attract the most capable 
and proficient workforce possible.
    The Committee is pleased with FLETC's progress to maximize 
its campuses' efficiencies and to adopt a metrics-based, 
facility management strategy. The Committee recognizes that 
FLETC is uniquely situated, as the United States' largest law 
enforcement training organization, to capture output data and 
measure them against resources consumed. The Committee expects 
that the Director maintain training at or near facility 
capacities and directs the agency to demonstrate in its annual 
budget submissions how facility use data helps leadership make 
evidence-based resource decisions that right-size the mixture 
of advanced and basic training for maximum output. FLETC is 
directed to brief the Committee no later than 90 days after the 
date of enactment of this act on the facility utilization 
measures it has installed to evaluate facility performance. 
FLETC is further directed to continue briefing the Committee 
quarterly on its obligation plans, as outlined in the 
explanatory statement accompanying Public Law 114-4 and in 
title I of this report. Included in this brief shall be a 
review of FLETC's hiring campaigns and attrition levels.
    The Committee supports FLETC's ongoing work to evaluate 
active shooter response technology including its applications 
across the homeland security enterprise. The Committee is also 
aware of work being conducted by S&T;'s Counter Terrorism 
Technology Evaluation Center [CTTECP]. The Committee directs 
FLETC and CTTECP to coordinate testing and evaluation of this 
important technology, including, but not limited to, an 
assessment of how active shooter response technologies can be 
integrated into Federal, State and local training programs.

     ACQUISITIONS, CONSTRUCTION, IMPROVEMENTS, AND RELATED EXPENSES

Appropriations, 2016....................................     $27,553,000
Budget estimate, 2017...................................      27,553,000
Committee recommendation................................      27,553,000

    This account provides for acquisition and related costs for 
expansion and maintenance of facilities of FLETC. This includes 
construction and maintenance of facilities and environmental 
compliance. The environmental compliance funds ensure 
compliance with Environmental Protection Agency and State 
environmental laws and regulations.

                       COMMITTEE RECOMMENDATIONS

    The Committee recommends $27,553,000 for Acquisition, 
Construction, Improvements, and Related Expenses, the same as 
requested, and the same as provided in fiscal year 2016. 
Included are funds to begin needed dormitory renovations at two 
campuses, design work to expand multiple training academy 
facilities, and necessary minor construction and maintenance 
projects detailed in FLETC's 2015 update to the 2010 Master 
Comprehensive Plan.

                         Science and Technology


                                SUMMARY

    The mission of Science and Technology [S&T;] is to conduct, 
stimulate, and enable homeland security research, development, 
and testing, and to facilitate the timely transition of 
capabilities to Federal, State, local, and tribal end-users.

                     MANAGEMENT AND ADMINISTRATION

Appropriations, 2016....................................    $131,531,000
Budget estimate, 2017...................................     127,903,000
Committee recommendation................................     127,903,000

    The Management and Administration account funds salaries 
and expenses related to the Office of the Under Secretary for 
S&T; and headquarters.

                       COMMITTEE RECOMMENDATIONS

    The Committee recommends $127,903,000 for Management and 
Administration of programs and activities carried out by S&T.; 
This is the same as the amount requested and $3,628,000 below 
the amount provided in fiscal year 2016. Of this amount, the 
Committee recommends not to exceed $7,650 for official 
reception and representation expenses.
    The Committee continues to support innovative ways to 
reduce costs at S&T;, including the Travel, Operations, Policy, 
and Support office, which is expected to reduce administrative 
costs allowing additional funds to be focused on the 
Directorate's R&D; mission.

           RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT, ACQUISITION, AND OPERATIONS

Appropriations, 2016....................................    $655,407,000
Budget estimate, 2017...................................     630,840,000
Committee recommendation................................     661,814,000

    S&T; supports the mission of DHS through basic and applied 
research, fabrication of prototypes, and R&D; to mitigate the 
effects of weapons of mass destruction, as well as acquiring 
and field testing equipment.

                       COMMITTEE RECOMMENDATIONS

    The Committee recommends $661,814,000 for Research, 
Development, Acquisition, and Operations of S&T.; This is 
$30,974,000 above the amount requested and $6,407,000 above the 
amount provided in fiscal year 2016. The recommended level in 
this account reflects funds that were requested for a new CBRNE 
Office that is not yet authorized by the Congress.
    The following table summarizes the Committee's 
recommendations as compared to the fiscal year 2016 and budget 
request levels:

                   SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY--RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT, ACQUISITION, AND OPERATIONS
                                            [In thousands of dollars]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                            Fiscal year 2016  Fiscal year 2017      Committee
                                                                 enacted       budget request    recommendations
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Research, Development, and Innovation.....................           434,850           417,420           438,979
Laboratory Facilities.....................................           133,731           133,942           133,942
Acquisition and Operations Support........................            47,102            48,393            48,393
University Programs.......................................            39,724            31,085            40,500
                                                           -----------------------------------------------------
      Total, Research, Development, Acquisition and                  655,407           630,840           661,814
       Operations.........................................
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

                  RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT FLEXIBILITY

    The Committee continues flexibility by maintaining one PPA 
for R&D.; This structure avoids unnecessary limitation of funds 
where projects may cross thrust areas. This is particularly 
important as R&D; funding must be as nimble as possible and 
allow for research on emerging threats and areas of interest. 
S&T; shall submit a spend plan to the Committee and the Senate 
Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs [HSGAC] 
not later than 60 days after the date of enactment of this act 
on how it intends to utilize these funds towards existing areas 
of R&D.; The Committee also directs S&T; to develop a plan to 
incorporate external peer review into its processes for 
awarding new research and development contracts. The 
Directorate shall brief the Committee and HSGAC, within 180 
days of the date of enactment of this act.

                                APEX R&D;

    The Committee continues its support of Apex R&D;, including 
both the specific Apex projects and the cross-cutting Apex 
Engines. Developed to tackle some of the most pressing 
challenges faced by the Department and first responder 
communities, the Apex programs include some of S&T;'s 
``Visionary Goals'' such as Screening at Speed, which seeks to 
respond to threats while similarly reducing inconvenience to 
passengers, as well as the Next Generation First Responder 
program which will ensure first responders are fully aware and 
protected from threats they encounter. Underpinning these 
projects, are the Apex Engines. Common focus areas--such as 
data analytics--are now home to a group of Subject Matter 
Experts who can be drawn upon as a resource for each project 
instead of organically growing these capabilities and stove 
piping those resources in each, individual Apex project.
    S&T; is directed to brief the Committee not later than 30 
days after the date of enactment of this act on the funding 
allocation by project and progress made to field improved 
technologies from the Apex environment. S&T; should also be 
cautious that its R&D; does not supplant work performed by the 
private sector.

                        BIOSURVEILLANCE SYSTEMS

    In October 2015, the bipartisan Blue Ribbon Study Panel on 
Biodefense noted, among numerous other recommendations, that 
``surveillance and detection are the means by which we achieve 
the earliest possible situational awareness for biological 
events.'' The current BioWatch technology is inadequate to meet 
the Nation's needs. It takes days in most locations to get 
results, and the number of false-positives leads to a lack of 
trust by local officials that data is actionable. Several years 
ago, an effort to enhance BioWatch technology was abandoned and 
little effort has been applied since to meet the mission need 
and threat. Yet, capabilities exist to dramatically enhance 
detection. For example, the Joint Program Executive Office for 
Chemical and Biological Defense [JPEO-CBD] at DOD is working on 
biological identification systems and DHS has been looking at 
this for some time.
    For that reason, an additional $12,000,000 is provided to 
accelerate biosurveillance work underway at S&T.; This funding 
will: finalize a National Environmental Biothreat Detection 
Architecture plan for investment in biosurveillance R&D; 
continue development of autonomous field screening technologies 
that provide real-time screening for biological threats; and 
continue research into technologies and analysis methods that 
help confirm potential threats allowing for certainty and 
faster decisions in the public health sector. S&T; shall brief 
the Committee on the plans for this funding at its first 
quarterly obligation plan briefing.

                        UNMANNED AERIAL SYSTEMS

    The Committee is aware that S&T; is planning to participate 
in the Federal Aviation Administration's Center of Excellence 
for UAS, with a particular focus on maritime UAS systems and 
sensor studies. As such, the Committee directs S&T; to formalize 
this partnership with the Center of Excellence and notify the 
Committee when any project timelines are developed for these 
critical activities.
    The Committee also directs the Department to fully utilize 
all capabilities, to include collaborations with research 
universities, in order to ensure the protection of our Nation's 
borders and provide support for research endeavors for present 
and future counter UAS activities, equipment, policies, 
procedures, and training, in cooperation with facilities with a 
history of UAS operations, research, education and training.

                    INNOVATIVE FUNDING PARTNERSHIPS

    The Committee continues to be interested in S&T;'s use of 
innovative and unique relationships to help secure technologies 
critical to the homeland security enterprise. The Committee 
expects the results of S&T;'s utilization of prize authority to 
be submitted as part of the fiscal year 2018 budget 
justification.

                   RESILIENT AND SECURE ELECTRIC GRID

    The Committee recognizes the importance of strengthening 
the resilience and security of our Nation's critical 
infrastructure such as the electrical grid against both 
physical and cyber threats, as these concerns will have a 
significant impact on national security, economic vitality, and 
community resilience. In order to address this challenge, the 
Committee encourages S&T;, in collaboration with NPPD, to 
establish infrastructure resilience research and development 
initiatives to minimize the risks of cascading effects. This 
should also entail accelerating response and recovery efforts 
specific to critical infrastructure. These initiatives should 
involve collaborations among S&T;, NPPD, private sector 
infrastructure owners, Federal R&D; organizations, and academic 
institutions.
    The Committee notes that the health and resiliency of the 
electric grid is of vital importance to our Nation. Our aging 
grid faces increasing threats of extreme weather and terrorism, 
requiring new and affordable technology solutions to increase 
resiliency. The Committee recognizes the important advances of 
the Resilient Electric Grid [REG] Program established in 2007, 
including the development of technology that doubles grid 
reliability in the United States. The Committee also recognizes 
that the feasibility study for installing this advanced 
technology will be complete in May 2017 and therefore directs 
S&T; to provide an update on the outcome of the study no later 
than 30 days after its completion. In the event of a favorable 
outcome from the feasibility study, the Committee encourages 
S&T; to continue development of the REG in partnership with the 
relevant utility companies.

                            BORDER SECURITY

    The Committee is concerned that money invested in tunnel 
detection efforts is not progressing appropriately, and that 
stakeholders--CBP and ICE--are not being engaged to the level 
that is expected. The Committee supports efforts to more 
thoroughly explore such solutions, but $11,969,000 has been 
invested since fiscal year 2013 with little to show. The 
Committee acknowledges that S&T; would not be asked to tackle a 
problem if it were easy, but the progress on this particular 
project raises serious questions. S&T;, in conjunction with CBP 
and ICE, is directed to brief the Committee on the status of 
the prototype tunnel detection system not later than 30 days 
after the date of enactment of this act.
    The Committee directs the Department to prioritize 
collaborations with qualified research universities in order to 
provide the needed support to develop the best approaches on 
critical border Security research topics to enhance the 
protection of our nation's land and maritime borders.

                         LABORATORY FACILITIES

    The Committee recommendation includes $133,942,000 for 
Laboratory Facilities, as requested, $211,000 above the fiscal 
year 2016. This funding supports a network of five 
laboratories, and one that is under construction--the National 
Bio and Agro-Defense Facility [NBAF].
    NBAF will serve as the Nation's primary research facility 
to counter foreign animal diseases and will enable the phase 
out of the Plum Island Animal Disease Center [PIADC]. As such, 
it is critical to develop a robust plan that ensures a 
qualified workforce, assesses the transition of existing R&D; 
efforts, and considers any new capabilities that may be 
necessary for future operations at NBAF. While DHS is 
responsible for the PIADC facilities, the R&D; activities 
continue to be managed by the United States Department of 
Agriculture [USDA]. Similarly, while DHS is responsible for 
building NBAF, the Committee understands that virtually all of 
the R&D; activities will be under USDA auspices. Therefore, the 
Committee encourages DHS and USDA to work together on a plan 
for the future operation of NBAF, including consideration of 
the appropriate agency to manage the facility.

                   ACQUISITION AND OPERATIONS SUPPORT

    The Committee recommendation includes $48,393,000 for 
Acquisition and Operations Support, as requested, which is 
$1,291,000 above the amount requested in fiscal year 2016. The 
Committee expects S&T; to develop performance metrics with which 
to track the success of any technologies transitioned to the 
private sector for commercialization.

                          UNIVERSITY PROGRAMS

    The Committee recommendation includes $40,500,000 for 
University Programs, $9,415,000 above the amount requested and 
$776,000 above fiscal year 2016. University Programs supports 
critical homeland security-related research and education at 
U.S. colleges and universities to address high-priority DHS-
related issues and to enhance homeland security capabilities 
over the long term. The increase above the request is for the 
University Centers of Excellence program and will allow S&T; to 
maintain at least 10 Centers of Excellence.
    The Committee encourages DHS, when making determinations 
about how to more effectively allocate resources for academic 
centers of excellence, to consider competitively establishing 
centers that focus on cybersecurity research and education as 
well as on modeling, simulation, and training, and separately, 
biological threats and animal disease.

                   Domestic Nuclear Detection Office


                                SUMMARY

    DNDO is responsible for development of technologies to 
detect and report attempts to import, possess, store, develop, 
or transport nuclear and radiological material.

                       COMMITTEE RECOMMENDATIONS

    The Committee recommends $348,022,000 for activities of 
DNDO for fiscal year 2017. This is $6,262,000 below the amount 
requested and $902,000 above the amount provided in fiscal year 
2016.
    The recommended level in this account reflects funds that 
were requested for a new CBRNE Office that is not yet 
authorized by the Congress. The following table summarizes the 
Committee's recommendations as compared to the fiscal year 2016 
and budget request levels:

                                        DOMESTIC NUCLEAR DETECTION OFFICE
                                            [In thousands of dollars]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                            Fiscal year 2016  Fiscal year 2017      Committee
                                                                 enacted       budget request    recommendations
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Management and Administration.............................            38,109  ................            42,222
                                                                                   ...........
Research, Development, and Operations.....................           196,000  ................           185,136
                                                                                   ...........
Systems Acquisition.......................................           113,011  ................           120,664
                                                                                   ...........
                                                           -----------------------------------------------------
      Total, Domestic Nuclear Detection Office............           347,120  ................          348,022
                                                                                   ...........
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\The budget request proposes to fund DNDO in a new CBRNE office at $354,284,000.

                     MANAGEMENT AND ADMINISTRATION

Appropriations, 2016....................................     $38,109,000
Budget estimate, 2017...................................................
Committee recommendation................................      42,222,000

    The Management and Administration account funds salaries, 
benefits, and expenses for DNDO.

                       COMMITTEE RECOMMENDATIONS

    The Committee recommends $42,222,000 for Management and 
Administration of programs and activities carried out by DNDO. 
This is $1,144,000 below the amount requested in the CBRNE 
Office and $4,113,000 above the amount provided in fiscal year 
2016. The reduction from the budget request reflects current 
vacancies within the office and delays in hiring positions 
newly funded in 2016. Of this amount, the Committee recommends 
not to exceed $2,250 for official reception and representation 
expenses.

                    WORKFORCE SURVEY AND LEADERSHIP

    The Committee is pleased with DNDO's consecutive workforce 
survey results and cites the agency's exemplary leadership and 
management as a driving factor behind its reputation. The 
Committee encourages DNDO to continue the practices which 
earned it the ranking of ``Best Place to Work within DHS'' and 
supports other components' learning from DNDO practices.

                     STRATEGIC PLAN OF INVESTMENTS

    In lieu of providing a report updating the Department's 
strategic plan of investments, the Director shall continue 
briefing the Committee annually on DNDO's efforts to carry-out 
the Department's responsibilities under the domestic component 
of the Global Nuclear Detection Architecture [GNDA]. The 
briefing shall identify:
  --the various elements of the domestic architecture and the 
        roles and responsibilities of each departmental entity;
  --investments being made in fiscal year 2017 and planned for 
        2018 to secure pathways (sea, land, and air) into the 
        United States;
  --investments necessary to close known vulnerabilities and 
        gaps, including associated costs and timeframes, and 
        estimates of feasibility and cost effectiveness; and
  --how R&D; funding is furthering the implementation of the 
        domestic architecture.
    The briefing shall also include a discussion of DNDO's 
surge capabilities and ability to respond to suspected 
radiological threats in concert with Federal, State, and local 
officials.

                 RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT, AND OPERATIONS

Appropriations, 2016....................................    $196,000,000
Budget estimate, 2017...................................................
Committee recommendation................................     185,136,000

    The Research, Development and Operations account funds the 
development of nuclear detection systems and the integration 
and advancement of national nuclear forensics capabilities.

                       COMMITTEE RECOMMENDATIONS

    The Committee recommends $185,136,000 for Research, 
Development and Operations. This is the same amount as 
requested in the CBRNE Office and $10,864,000 below the amount 
provided in fiscal year 2016.
    The following table summarizes the Committee's 
recommendations as compared to the fiscal year 2016 and budget 
request levels:

                                      RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT, AND OPERATIONS
                                            [In thousands of dollars]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                              Fiscal year 2017
                                                            Fiscal year 2016       budget           Committee
                                                                 enacted         request\1\      recommendations
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Systems Engineering and Architecture......................            17,000  ................            15,872
                                                                                   ...........
Systems Development.......................................            22,000  ................            20,253
                                                                                   ...........
Transformational Research and Development.................            68,000  ................            63,582
                                                                                   ...........
Assessments...............................................            38,000  ................            36,648
                                                                                   ...........
Operations Support........................................            31,000  ................            29,492
                                                                                   ...........
National Technical Nuclear Forensics Center...............            20,000  ................            19,289
                                                                                   ...........
                                                           -----------------------------------------------------
      Total, Research, Development, and Operations........           196,000  ................           185,136
                                                                                   ...........
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\The budget request proposes to fund DNDO Research ,Development, and Operations in a new CBRNE office at
  $185,136,000.

                          SEMIANNUAL BRIEFINGS

    DNDO shall continue semiannual program briefings and 
provide periodic updates on any new threats, research, studies, 
and assessments related to the GNDA. Semiannual program 
briefings shall also cover emergent technology solutions being 
explored by DNDO. One of these semiannual briefings may be 
combined with the more comprehensive annual brief on the 
strategic plan of investments, directed earlier in this 
section.

                SEMICONDUCTOR AND SCINTILLATOR MATERIALS

    The Committee recognizes the importance of radiation 
detection technology in emergency response to enhance mission 
performance and save lives. The Committee understands that the 
development and deployment of highly efficient radiation 
detectors is necessary to adequately support proper 
identification and interdiction of radiological and nuclear 
threats. Therefore, the Committee recommends funding be 
continued for research and development of new generation 
semiconductor or scintillator materials.

                          SYSTEMS ACQUISITION

Appropriations, 2016....................................    $113,011,000
Budget estimate, 2017...................................................
Committee recommendation................................     120,664,000

    The Systems Acquisition account funds the acquisition of 
equipment for frontline users across the Department.

                       COMMITTEE RECOMMENDATIONS

    The Committee recommends $120,664,000 for Systems 
Acquisition. This is $5,118,000 below the amount requested in 
the CBRNE Office and $7,653,000 above the amount provided in 
fiscal year 2016.
    The following table summarizes the Committee's 
recommendations as compared to the fiscal year 2016 and budget 
request levels:

                                               SYSTEMS ACQUISITION
                                            [In thousands of dollars]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                              Fiscal year 2017
                                                            Fiscal year 2016       budget           Committee
                                                                 enacted         request\1\      recommendations
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Securing the Cities.......................................            22,000  ................            22,000
                                                                                   ...........
Radiological and Nuclear Detection Equipment Acquisition..            91,011  ................            98,664
                                                                                   ...........
                                                           -----------------------------------------------------
      Total, Systems Acquisition..........................           113,011  ................           120,664
                                                                                   ...........
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\The budget request proposes to fund DNDO Systems Acquisition in a new CBRNE office at $125,782,000.

        RADIOLOGICAL AND NUCLEAR DETECTION EQUIPMENT ACQUISITION

    The Committee recommendation includes $120,664,000 for 
systems recapitalization and to optimize and refresh radiation 
portal monitors for improved sensing and detection. This 
recommendation assumes DNDO will allocate $5,196,364 in 
available carryover funds to meet the fiscal year 2017 
requirements for human portable radiation detection systems. 
The Committee understands recapitalization will eventually 
provide Department-wide savings by replacing costly, 
maintenance-intensive equipment with modernized handheld 
radiation isotope identifier device systems with greater 
capability and lower annual costs.

                          SECURING THE CITIES

    The Committee recommendation includes $22,000,000 for 
Securing the Cities, $289,000 more than the amount requested.

                                TITLE V

                           GENERAL PROVISIONS

                    (INCLUDING RESCISSIONS OF FUNDS)

    Section 501. The bill includes a provision that no part of 
any appropriation shall remain available for obligation beyond 
the current fiscal year unless expressly provided.
    Section 502. The bill includes a provision that unexpended 
balances of prior appropriations may be merged with new 
appropriations accounts and used for the same purpose, subject 
to reprogramming guidelines.
    Section 503. The bill includes a provision that requires 
15-day advance notification for the reprogramming and transfer 
of funds; limits authority to reprogram funds within an 
appropriations account; and provides authority to transfer up 
to five percent out of appropriations accounts. In order to 
give the Department flexibility in addressing emerging threats 
and challenges, language from prior years limiting the amount 
of funds that could be transferred into an appropriation is not 
included.
    For purposes of reprogramming notifications, ``program, 
project, or activity'' is defined as an amount identified in 
the detailed funding table located at the end of this statement 
or an amount directed for a specific purpose in this statement. 
Also for purposes of reprogramming notifications, the creation 
of a new program, project, or activity is defined as any 
significant new activity that has not been explicitly justified 
to the Congress in budget justification material and for which 
funds have not been appropriated by the Congress. For further 
guidance when determining which movements of funds are subject 
to section 503, the Department is reminded to follow GAO's 
definition of ``program, project, or activity'' as detailed in 
the GAO's ``A Glossary of Terms Used in the Federal Budget 
Process.'' Within 30 days of the date of enactment of this act, 
the Department shall submit to the Committees on Appropriations 
a table delineating PPAs subject to section 503 notification 
requirements, as defined in this paragraph.
    These reprogramming guidelines shall be complied with by 
all agencies funded by this act. The Department shall submit 
reprogramming requests on a timely basis and provide complete 
explanations of the reallocations proposed, including detailed 
justifications of the increases and offsets, and any specific 
impact the proposed changes will have on the budget request for 
the following fiscal year and future-year appropriations 
requirements. Each request submitted to the Committees should 
include a detailed table showing the proposed revisions at the 
account, program, project, and activity levels to the funding 
and staffing (full-time equivalent position) levels for the 
current fiscal year and to the levels requested in the 
President's budget for the following fiscal year.
    The Department shall manage its programs, projects, and 
activities within the levels appropriated. The Department 
should only submit reprogramming or transfer requests in the 
case of an unforeseeable emergency or situation that could not 
have been predicted when formulating the budget request for the 
current fiscal year. When the Department submits a 
reprogramming or transfer request to the Committees on 
Appropriations and does not receive identical responses from 
the House and Senate, it is the responsibility of the 
Department to reconcile the House and Senate differences before 
proceeding and, if reconciliation is not possible, to consider 
the reprogramming or transfer request not approved.
    Unless an initial notification has already been provided, 
the Department is not to submit a reprogramming or transfer 
request after June 30 except in extraordinary circumstances 
that imminently threaten the safety of human life or the 
protection of property. If a reprogramming or transfer is 
needed after June 30, the submittal should contain sufficient 
documentation as to why it meets this statutory exception.
    Section 504. The bill includes a provision relating to the 
Department's Working Capital Fund [WCF] that: extends the 
authority of the Department's WCF in fiscal year 2017; 
prohibits funds appropriated or otherwise made available to the 
Department from being used to make payments to the WCF, except 
for the activities and amounts allowed in the President's 
fiscal year 2017 budget; makes WCF funds available until 
expended; ensures departmental components are only charged for 
direct usage of each WCF service; makes funds provided to the 
WCF available only for purposes consistent with the 
contributing component; and requires the WCF to be paid in 
advance or reimbursed at rates which will return the full cost 
of each service. The WCF table included in the Department's 
congressional justification accompanying the President's fiscal 
year 2017 budget shall serve as the control level for quarterly 
execution reports submitted to the Committee not later than 30 
days after the end of each quarter. These reports shall 
identify any activity added or removed from the fund.
    Section 505. The bill includes a provision that not to 
exceed 50 percent of unobligated balances recorded not later 
than June 30 from appropriations made for salaries and expenses 
in fiscal year 2017 shall remain available through fiscal year 
2018, subject to reprogramming.
    Section 506. The bill includes a provision providing that 
funds for intelligence activities are specifically authorized 
during fiscal year 2017 until the enactment of an act 
authorizing intelligence activities for fiscal year 2017.
    Section 507. The bill includes a provision requiring 
notification to the Committees 3 business days before any grant 
allocation, grant award, contract award (including Federal 
Acquisition Regulation-covered contracts), other transaction 
agreement, a task or delivery order on a DHS multiple award 
contract, letter of intent, or public announcement of the 
intention to make such an award totaling in excess of 
$1,000,000. If the Secretary determines that compliance would 
pose substantial risk to health, human life, or safety, an 
award may be made without prior notification but the Committees 
shall be notified within 5 full business days after such award 
or letter is issued. Additionally, FEMA is required to brief 
the Committees 5 full business days prior to announcing 
publicly the intention to make an award under State and Local 
Programs. The 3-day notification also pertains to task or 
delivery order awards greater than $10,000,000 from multiyear 
DHS funds as well as for any sole-source grant awards.
    Section 508. The bill includes a provision that no agency 
shall purchase, construct, or lease additional facilities for 
Federal law enforcement training without the advance approval 
of the Committees on Appropriations.
    Section 509. The bill includes a provision that none of the 
funds may be used for any construction, repair, alteration, or 
acquisition project for which a prospectus, if required under 
chapter 33 of title 40, United States Code, has not been 
approved. The bill excludes funds that may be required for 
development of a proposed prospectus.
    Section 510. The bill includes a provision that 
consolidates and continues by reference prior-year statutory 
bill language into one provision. These provisions concern 
contracting officers' training and Federal building energy 
performance.
    Section 511. The bill includes a provision that none of the 
funds may be used in contravention of the Buy American Act.
    Section 512. The bill includes a provision prohibiting 
funds to be used to amend the oath of allegiance required by 
section 337 of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 
1448).
    Section 513. The bill includes a provision requiring the 
Chief Financial Officer to submit monthly budget execution and 
staffing reports within 30 days after the close of each month.
    Section 514. The bill includes a provision regarding 
competitive sourcing for USCIS.
    Section 515. The bill includes a provision classifying the 
functions of instructor staff at FLETC as inherently 
governmental for purposes of the Federal Activities Inventory 
Reform Act of 1998.
    Section 516. The bill includes a provision requiring the 
Secretary to submit a report to OIG listing all grants or 
contracts awarded by any means other than full and open 
competition for fiscal years 2017 and 2018. OIG is required to 
review the report to assess departmental compliance with 
applicable laws and regulations and report the results to the 
Committees on Appropriations no later than February 15, 2019.
    Section 517. The bill includes a provision that precludes 
DHS from using funds in this act to carry-out reorganization 
authority. This prohibition is not intended to prevent the 
Department from making routine or small reallocations of 
personnel or functions within components, subject to section 
503 of this act. This language prevents large-scale 
reorganization of the Department, which should be acted on 
legislatively by the relevant congressional committees of 
jurisdiction. While the Department has developed plans for a 
large-scale reorganization of NPPD, such reorganization has not 
yet been authorized by the Congress and would be precluded by 
this language. The Department may propose minor changes under 
section 503 of this act to the Committees on Appropriations.
    Section 518. The bill includes a provision that prohibits 
the creation of a proposed Chemical, Biological, Radiological, 
Nuclear, and Explosives Office without explicit authorization 
by the Congress, and facilitates funding realignments related 
to the creation of the office if so authorized.
    Section 519. The bill includes a provision prohibiting 
funding to grant an immigration benefit to any individual 
unless the results of background checks required by statute to 
be completed prior to the grant of a benefit have been received 
by DHS.
    Section 520. The bill includes a provision extending other 
transactional authority for DHS through fiscal year 2017.
    Section 521. The bill includes a provision requiring the 
Secretary to link all contracts that provide award fees to 
successful acquisition outcomes.
    Section 522. The bill includes a provision regarding 
waivers of the Jones Act.
    Section 523. The bill includes a provision related to 
prescription drugs.
    Section 524. The bill includes a provision prohibiting 
funds from being used to reduce the Coast Guard's Operations 
Systems Center mission or its government-employed or contract 
staff.
    Section 525. The bill includes a provision requiring the 
Secretary, in conjunction with the Secretary of the Treasury, 
to notify the Committees on proposed transfers of surplus 
balances from the Department of the Treasury Forfeiture Fund to 
any agency within DHS.
    Section 526. The bill includes a provision prohibiting 
funds from being used to plan, test, pilot, or develop a 
national identification card.
    Section 527. The bill includes a provision prohibiting 
funds to be used to conduct or implement the results of a 
competition under Office of Management and Budget Circular A-76 
with respect to the Coast Guard National Vessel Documentation 
Center.
    Section 528. The bill includes a provision directing that 
any official required by this act to report or certify to the 
Committees on Appropriations may not delegate such authority 
unless expressly authorized to do so in this act.
    Section 529. The bill includes a provision extending 
current law concerning individuals detained at the Naval 
Station, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba.
    Section 530. The bill includes a provision prohibiting 
funds in this act to be used for first-class travel.
    Section 531. The bill includes a provision prohibiting 
funds to be used to employ workers in contravention of section 
274A(h)(3) of the Immigration and Nationality Act.
    Section 532. The bill includes a provision prohibiting the 
Secretary from reducing operations within the Coast Guard's 
Civil Engineering Program except as specifically authorized by 
a statute enacted after the date of enactment of this act.
    Section 533. The bill includes a provision prohibiting 
funds appropriated or otherwise made available by this act to 
pay for award or incentive fees for contractors with below 
satisfactory performance or performance that fails to meet the 
basic requirements of the contract.
    Section 534. The bill includes language that requires the 
Secretary to ensure screening of passengers and crews for 
transportation and national security purposes are consistent 
with applicable laws, regulations, and guidance on privacy and 
civil liberties.
    Section 535. The bill includes a provision allocating up to 
$10,000,000 in Immigration Examination Fees for the purpose of 
providing immigrant integration grants in fiscal year 2017.
    Section 536. The bill provides a total of $225,532,000 for 
consolidation of a new DHS headquarters at St. Elizabeths and 
of mission support.
    Section 537. The bill includes a provision prohibiting 
funds appropriated or otherwise made available by this act for 
DHS to enter into a Federal contract unless the contract meets 
requirements of the Federal Property and Administrative 
Services Act of 1949 or chapter 137 of title 10 U.S.C., and the 
Federal Acquisition Regulation, unless the contract is 
otherwise authorized by statute without regard to this section.
    Section 538. The bill provides $41,215,000 for financial 
system modernization and includes a provision allowing the 
Secretary to transfer funds made available by this act between 
appropriations for the same purpose after notifying the 
Committees 15 days in advance.
    Section 539. The bill includes a provision providing some 
flexibility to the Department for financing a response to an 
immigration emergency.
    Section 540. The bill includes language stating that the 
Secretary shall ensure enforcement of all immigration laws.
    Section 541. The bill includes a provision regarding 
restrictions on electronic access to pornography, except for 
law enforcement purposes.
    Section 542. The bill includes a provision regarding the 
transfer of an operable firearm by a Federal law enforcement 
officer to an agent of a drug cartel.
    Section 543. The bill includes a provision prohibiting 
funds for the position of Public Advocate or a successor 
position in ICE.
    Section 544. The bill includes a provision related to CBP 
reimbursable service agreements.
    Section 545. The bill includes a provision related to DHS 
and DOJ personnel in Canada in connection with their 
employment.
    Section 546. The bill includes language regarding the 
number of employees permitted to attend international 
conferences.
    Section 547. The bill includes a provision prohibiting 
funds made available by this act to reimburse any Federal 
department or agency for its participation in an NSSE.
    Section 548. The bill includes a provision prohibiting 
funds from this or any other act from being used to require 
airport operators to provide airport-financed staffing to 
monitor exit points from the sterile area of any airport at 
which TSA provided such monitoring as of December 1, 2013.
    Section 549. The bill includes a provision clarifying that 
fees collected pursuant to the Colombia Free Trade Agreement 
are available until expended.
    Section 550. The bill includes a provision on structural 
pay reform that affects more than 100 full-time positions or 
costs more than $5,000,000 in a single year.
    Section 551. The bill includes a provision directing the 
Department to post on a public Web site reports required by the 
Committees on Appropriations unless public posting compromises 
homeland or national security or contains proprietary 
information.
    Section 552. The bill includes a provision that prohibits 
the collection of new land border fees or the study of the 
imposition of such a border fee.
    Section 553. The bill includes a provision that allows the 
costs of providing humanitarian relief to unaccompanied alien 
children and to alien adults and their minor children to be an 
eligible use for certain Homeland Security grants.
    Section 554. The bill includes a provision related to user 
fee proposals that have not been enacted into law prior to 
submission of the budget.
    Section 555. The bill includes a provision related to the 
Arms Trade Treaty.
    Section 556. The bill includes a provision related to 
earthen levies.
    Section 557. The bill includes a provision transferring 
funds from the Disaster Assistance Direct Loan Program to the 
Disaster Relief Fund.
    Section 558. The bill includes a provision relating to the 
annual pay cap with respect to the Secret Service during an 
election year.
    Section 559. The bill rescinds unobligated balances from 
prior year appropriations from accounts across the Department.
    Section 560. The bill rescinds unobligated balances made 
available to the Department when it was created in 2003.
    Section 561. The bill permanently rescinds $100,000,000 
from the unobligated balances in the Department of the Treasury 
Forfeiture Fund.
    Section 562. The bill rescinds unobligated balances of 
prior year appropriations in the Disaster Relief Fund for non-
major disaster programs due to the significant balances carried 
over from prior years and amounts recovered from previous 
disasters during project closeouts. The rescission of funds 
will have no impact on FEMA's ability to aid in recovery from 
past disasters or respond to future disasters.

                     PROGRAM, PROJECT, AND ACTIVITY

    In fiscal year 2017, for purposes of the Balanced Budget 
and Emergency Deficit Control Act of 1985 (Public Law 99-177), 
as amended, the following information provides the definition 
of the term ``program, project, and activity'' for the 
components of the Department of Homeland Security under the 
jurisdiction of the Homeland Security Subcommittee of the 
Committee on Appropriations. The term ``program, project, and 
activity'' shall include the most specific level of budget 
items identified in the Department of Homeland Security 
Appropriations Act, 2017, the House and Senate Committee 
reports, and the conference report and the accompanying joint 
explanatory statement of the managers of the committee of 
conference.
    If a percentage reduction is necessary, in implementing 
that reduction, components of the Department of Homeland 
Security shall apply any percentage reduction required for 
fiscal year 2017 to all items specified in the justifications 
submitted to the Committees on Appropriations of the Senate and 
the House of Representatives in support of the fiscal year 2017 
budget estimates, as amended, for such components, as modified 
by congressional action.

  COMPLIANCE WITH PARAGRAPH 7, RULE XVI OF THE STANDING RULES OF THE 
                                 SENATE

    Paragraph 7 of rule XVI requires that Committee reports 
accompanying general appropriations bills identify each 
recommended amendment which proposes an item of appropriation 
which is not made to carry out the provisions of an existing 
law, a treaty stipulation, or an act or resolution previously 
passed by the Senate during that session.
    The Committee recommends funding for the following programs 
or activities which currently lack authorization for fiscal 
year 2017:
    Analysis and Operations.
    U.S. Customs and Border Protection: Salaries and Expenses; 
Automation Modernization; and Air and Marine Operations.
    U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement: Salaries and 
Expenses.
    Transportation Security Administration: Aviation Security; 
Surface Transportation Security; Transportation Threat 
Assessment and Credentialing; and Federal Air Marshals.
    Coast Guard: Operating Expenses; Environmental Compliance 
and Restoration; Reserve Training; Acquisition, Construction, 
and Improvements; Research, Development, Test, and Evaluation; 
and Retired Pay.
    National Protection and Programs Directorate: 
Infrastructure Protection and Information Security.
    Federal Emergency Management Agency: Salaries and Expenses; 
State and Local Programs; Emergency Management Performance 
Grants; National Predisaster Mitigation Fund, and Emergency 
Food and Shelter.

COMPLIANCE WITH PARAGRAPH 7(c), RULE XXVI OF THE STANDING RULES OF THE 
                                 SENATE

    Pursuant to paragraph 7(c) of rule XXVI, on May 26, 2016, 
the Committee ordered favorably reported an original bill (S. 
3001) making appropriations for the Department of Homeland 
Security for the fiscal year ending September 30, 2017, and for 
other purposes, provided, that the bill be subject to amendment 
and that the bill be consistent with its budget allocation, and 
provided that the Chairman of the Committee or his designee be 
authorized to offer the substance of the original bill as a 
Committee amendment in the nature of a substitute to the House 
companion measure, by a recorded vote of 30-0, a quorum being 
present. The vote was as follows:
        Yeas                          Nays
Chairman Cochran
Mr. McConnell
Mr. Shelby
Mr. Alexander
Ms. Collins
Ms. Murkowski
Mr. Graham
Mr. Kirk
Mr. Blunt
Mr. Moran
Mr. Hoeven
Mr. Boozman
Mrs. Capito
Mr. Cassidy
Mr. Lankford
Mr. Daines
Ms. Mikulski
Mr. Leahy
Mrs. Murray
Mrs. Feinstein
Mr. Durbin
Mr. Reed
Mr. Tester
Mr. Udall
Mrs. Shaheen
Mr. Merkley
Mr. Coons
Mr. Schatz
Ms. Baldwin
Mr. Murphy

 COMPLIANCE WITH PARAGRAPH 12, RULE XXVI OF THE STANDING RULES OF THE 
                                 SENATE

    Paragraph 12 of rule XXVI requires that Committee reports 
on a bill or joint resolution repealing or amending any statute 
or part of any statute include ``(a) the text of the statute or 
part thereof which is proposed to be repealed; and (b) a 
comparative print of that part of the bill or joint resolution 
making the amendment and of the statute or part thereof 
proposed to be amended, showing by stricken-through type and 
italics, parallel columns, or other appropriate typographical 
devices the omissions and insertions which would be made by the 
bill or joint resolution if enacted in the form recommended by 
the committee.''
    In compliance with this rule, changes in existing law 
proposed to be made by the bill are shown as follows: existing 
law to be omitted is enclosed in black brackets; new matter is 
printed in italic; and existing law in which no change is 
proposed is shown in roman.

                       TITLE 6--DOMESTIC SECURITY


               CHAPTER 1--HOMELAND SECURITY ORGANIZATION


  Subchapter VIII--Coordination With Non-Federal Entities; Inspector 
 General; United States Secret Service; Coast Guard; General Provisions


Sec. 391. Research and development projects

(a) Authority

    [Until September 30, 2016,] Until September 30, 2017, and 
subject to subsection (d), the Secretary may carry out a pilot 
program under which the Secretary may exercise the following 
authorities:

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

(c) Additional requirements

    (1) In general

            The authority of the Secretary under this section 
        shall terminate [September 30, 2016,] September 30, 
        2017, unless before that date the Secretary--
                                ------                                


                TITLE 18--CRIMES AND CRIMINAL PROCEDURE


                      PART II--CRIMINAL PROCEDURE


Chap.
201. General provisions...........................................  3001
     * * * * * * *
[212A. Extraterritorial jurisdiction over certain trafficking in 
              persons offenses.................................... 3271]
3271Extraterritorial jurisdiction over certain offenses.........

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


 CHAPTER 212A--EXTRATERRITORIAL JURISDICTION OVER CERTAIN [TRAFFICKING 
                          IN PERSONS] OFFENSES


Sec.
3271. Trafficking in persons offenses committed by persons employed by 
          or accompanying the Federal Government outside the United 
          States.
3272. Definitions.
3273. Offenses committed by certain United States personnel stationed in 
          Canada in furtherance of border security initiatives.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


 Chapter 212A--Extraterritorial Jurisdiction Over Certain [Trafficking 
                          in Persons] Offenses


Sec. 3272. Procedures

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


Sec. 3273. Offenses committed by certain United States personnel 
                    stationed in Canada in furtherance of border 
                    security initiatives

    (a) In General.--Whoever, while employed by the Department 
of Homeland Security or the Department of Justice and stationed 
or deployed in Canada pursuant to a treaty, executive 
agreement, or bilateral memorandum in furtherance of a border 
security initiative, engages in conduct (or conspires or 
attempts to engage in conduct) in Canada that would constitute 
an offense for which a person may be prosecuted in a court of 
the United States had the conduct been engaged in within the 
United States or within the special maritime and territorial 
jurisdiction of the United States shall be fined or imprisoned, 
or both, as provided for that offense.

    (b) Definition.--In this section, the term `employed by the 
Department of Homeland Security or the Department of Justice' 
means--

            (1) being employed as a civilian employee, a 
        contractor (including a subcontractor at any tier), an 
        employee of a contractor (or a subcontractor at any 
        tier), a grantee (including a contractor of a grantee 
        or a subgrantee or subcontractor at any tier), or an 
        employee of a grantee (or a contractor of a grantee or 
        a subgrantee or subcontractor at any tier) of the 
        Department of Homeland Security or the Department of 
        Justice;

            (2) being present or residing in Canada in 
        connection with such employment; and

            (3) not being a national of or ordinarily resident 
        in Canada.
                                ------                                


                TITLE 42--THE PUBLIC HEALTH AND WELFARE


                 Chapter 46--Justice System Improvement


   Subchapter VII--FBI Training of State and Local Criminal Justice 
                               Personnel


Sec. 3771. Training and manpower development

(a) Functions, powers, and duties of Director of Federal Bureau 
            of Investigation


            

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *
  Employment of Annuitants by Federal Law Enforcement Training Center


    Pub. L. 107-206, title I, Sec. 1202, Aug. 2, 2002, 116 
Stat. 887, as amended by Pub. L. 109-295, title IV, Oct. 4, 
2006, 120 Stat. 1374; Pub. L. 110-161, div. E, title IV, Dec. 
26, 2007, 121 Stat. 2068; Pub. L. 110-329, div. D, title IV, 
Sept. 30, 2008, 122 Stat. 3677; Pub. L. 111-83, title IV, Oct. 
28, 2009, 123 Stat. 2166; Pub. L. 112-74, div. D, title IV, 
Dec. 23, 2011, 125 Stat. 966, provided that:

    (a) The Federal Law Enforcement Training Center may, for a 
period ending not later than [December 31, 2018] December 31, 
2019, appoint and maintain a cadre of up to 350 Federal 
annuitants: (1) without regard to any provision of title 5, 
United States Code, which might otherwise require the 
application of competitive hiring procedures; and (2) who shall 
not be subject to any reduction in pay (for annuity allocable 
to the period of actual employment) under the provisions of 
section 8344 or 8468 of such title 5 or similar provision of 
any other retirement system for employees. A reemployed Federal 
annuitant as to whom a waiver of reduction under paragraph (2) 
applies shall not, for any period during which such waiver is 
in effect, be considered an employee for purposes of subchapter 
III of chapter 83 or chapter 84 of title 5, United States Code, 
or such other retirement system (referred to in paragraph (2)) 
as may apply.
                                ------                                


 TREASURY AND GENERAL GOVERNMENT APPROPRIATIONS ACT, 2001, PUBLIC LAW 
                          106-554--APPENDIX C


                  TITLE I--DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY


             General Provisions--Department of the Tresury

    Sec. 110. * * *

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

    Sec. 118. Hereafter, funds made available by this or any 
other Act may be used to pay premium pay for protective 
services authorized by section 3056(a) of title 18, United 
States Code, without regard to the limitation on the rate of 
pay payable during a pay period contained in section 5547(c)(2) 
of title 5, United States Code, except that such premium pay 
shall not be payable to an employee to the extent that the 
aggregate of the employee's basic and premium pay [for the year 
would] for calendar years 2016 and 2020, would exceed the rate 
of basic pay payable for level III of the Executive Schedule, 
and for any other year, would otherwise exceed the annual 
equivalent of that limitation. The term premium pay refers to 
the provisions of law cited in the first sentence of section 
5547(a) of title 5, United States Code. Payment of additional 
premium pay payable under this section may be made in a lump 
sum on the last payday of the calendar year.

                        BUDGETARY IMPACT OF BILL


  PREPARED IN CONSULTATION WITH THE CONGRESSIONAL BUDGET OFFICE PURSUANT TO SEC. 308(a), PUBLIC LAW 93-344, AS
                                                     AMENDED
                                            [In millions of dollars]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                               Budget authority                 Outlays
                                                         -------------------------------------------------------
                                                            Committee    Amount  in     Committee    Amount  in
                                                           allocation       bill       allocation       bill
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Comparison of amounts in the bill with the subcommittee
 allocation for 2017: Subcommittee on Homeland Security:
    Mandatory...........................................        1,623         1,623         1,621      \1\1,621
    Discretionary.......................................       41,201        48,073        46,938     \1\46,920
        Security........................................        1,877         2,040            NA            NA
        Nonsecurity.....................................       39,324        46,033            NA            NA
Projection of outlays associated with the
 recommendation:
    2017................................................  ............  ............  ............    \2\28,165
    2018................................................  ............  ............  ............        8,505
    2019................................................  ............  ............  ............        5,192
    2020................................................  ............  ............  ............        2,037
    2021 and future years...............................  ............  ............  ............        4,735
Financial assistance to State and local governments for            NA         5,991            NA        \2\361
 2017...................................................
 
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\Includes outlays from prior-year budget authority.
\2\Excludes outlays from prior-year budget authority.
 
NA: Not applicable.
 
NOTE.--Consistent with the funding recommended in the bill for disaster funding, as an emergency requirement,
  and for overseas contingency operations and in accordance with subparagraphs (D), (A)(i), and (A)(ii) of
  section 251(b)(2) of the BBEDCA of 1985, the Committee anticipates that the Budget Committee will provide a
  revised 302(a) allocation for the Committee on Appropriations reflecting an upward adjustment of
  $6,872,000,000 in budget authority plus associated outlays.


  COMPARATIVE STATEMENT OF NEW BUDGET (OBLIGATIONAL) AUTHORITY FOR FISCAL YEAR 2016 AND BUDGET ESTIMATES AND AMOUNTS RECOMMENDED IN THE BILL FOR FISCAL
                                                                        YEAR 2017
                                                                [In thousands of dollars]
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                                                         Senate Committee recommendation
                                                                                                                             compared with (+ or -)
                                Item                                       2016       Budget estimate     Committee    ---------------------------------
                                                                      appropriation                     recommendation        2016
                                                                                                                         appropriation   Budget estimate
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                  DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY
 
          TITLE I--DEPARTMENTAL MANAGEMENT AND OPERATIONS
 
                      Departmental Operations
 
Office of the Secretary and Executive Management:
    Immediate Office of the Secretary..............................           8,922           12,428           12,378           +3,456              -50
    Immediate Office of the Deputy Secretary.......................           1,748            1,734            1,734              -14   ...............
    Office of the Chief of Staff...................................           2,696            2,644            2,634              -62              -10
    Executive Secretary............................................           5,601            5,481            5,441             -160              -40
    Office of Policy...............................................          39,077           37,049           37,129           -1,948              +80
    Office of Public Affairs.......................................           5,472            5,384            5,384              -88   ...............
    Office of Legislative Affairs..................................           5,363            5,287            5,287              -76   ...............
    Office of Partnership and Engagement...........................          13,074           11,692           11,592           -1,482             -100
    Office of General Counsel......................................          19,472           19,298           19,248             -224              -50
    Office for Civil Rights and Civil Liberties....................          21,800           21,403           21,203             -597             -200
    Citizenship and Immigration Services Ombudsman.................           6,272            6,200            6,200              -72   ...............
    Privacy Officer................................................           7,969            7,851            7,851             -118   ...............
                                                                    ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal.....................................................         137,466          136,451          136,081           -1,385             -370
 
Office of the Under Secretary for Management:
    Immediate Office of the Under Secretary for Management.........           3,393            3,758            3,658             +265             -100
    Office of the Chief Security Officer...........................          69,120           61,723           60,723           -8,397           -1,000
    Office of the Chief Procurement Officer........................          60,630          101,452           96,952          +36,322           -4,500
                                                                    ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal.....................................................         133,143          166,933          161,333          +28,190           -5,600
 
    Office of the Chief Human Capital Officer:
        Salaries and expenses......................................          24,198           36,447           36,447          +12,249   ...............
        Human resources information technology program.............           7,778   ...............  ...............          -7,778   ...............
                                                                    ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
          Subtotal.................................................          31,976           36,447           36,447           +4,471   ...............
 
    Office of the Chief Readiness Support Officer:
        Salaries and expenses......................................          27,235           25,664           25,164           -2,071             -500
        Nebraska Avenue Complex....................................           4,456            2,931            2,931           -1,525   ...............
                                                                    ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
          Subtotal.................................................          31,691           28,595           28,095           -3,596             -500
                                                                    ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
          Subtotal, Office of the Under Secretary for Management...         196,810          231,975          225,875          +29,065           -6,100
 
Office of the Chief Financial Officer..............................          56,420           58,825           58,425           +2,005             -400
 
Office of the Chief Information Officer:
    Salaries and expenses..........................................         109,957          110,000          102,000           -7,957           -8,000
    Information technology services................................          91,000           98,494           96,394           +5,394           -2,100
    Infrastructure and security activities.........................          54,087           54,087           54,087   ...............  ...............
    Homeland Secure Data Network...................................          54,932           54,932           54,932   ...............  ...............
                                                                    ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal.....................................................         309,976          317,513          307,413           -2,563          -10,100
 
Analysis and Operations............................................         264,714          265,719          260,201           -4,513           -5,518
                                                                    ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, Departmental Operations...............................         965,386        1,010,483          987,995          +22,609          -22,488
                                                                    ====================================================================================
Office of Inspector General:
    Operating expenses.............................................         137,488          157,144          155,144          +17,656           -2,000
        (By transfer from Disaster Relief).........................         (24,000)         (24,000)         (24,000)  ...............  ...............
                                                                    ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
          Total, Office of Inspector General.......................         161,488          181,144          179,144          +17,656           -2,000
                                                                    ====================================================================================
      Total, title I, Departmental Management and Operations.......       1,102,874        1,167,627        1,143,139          +40,265          -24,488
          (By transfer)............................................         (24,000)         (24,000)         (24,000)  ...............  ...............
                                                                    ====================================================================================
        TITLE II--SECURITY, ENFORCEMENT, AND INVESTIGATIONS
 
                 U.S. Customs and Border Protection
 
Salaries and Expenses:
    Headquarters, Management, and Administration:
        Commissioner...............................................          30,139           31,718           30,589             +450           -1,129
        Chief Counsel..............................................          48,239           53,543           50,201           +1,962           -3,342
        Congressional Affairs......................................           2,444            2,950            2,915             +471              -35
        Internal Affairs...........................................         165,223          185,784          174,175           +8,952          -11,609
        Public Affairs.............................................          14,644           19,862           18,519           +3,875           -1,343
        Training and development...................................          73,939          105,998           86,866          +12,927          -19,132
        Tech, innovation, acquisition..............................          24,933           29,156           26,353           +1,420           -2,803
        Intelligence...............................................          72,038           78,682           76,244           +4,206           -2,438
        Administration.............................................         381,369          426,151          396,287          +14,918          -29,864
        Rent.......................................................         629,046          635,361          630,909           +1,863           -4,452
                                                                    ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
          Subtotal.................................................       1,442,014        1,569,205        1,493,058          +51,044          -76,147
 
    Border Security Inspections and Trade Facilitation:
        Inspections, trade, and travel facilitation at ports of           2,981,606        3,108,100        3,053,046          +71,440          -55,054
         entry.....................................................
        Reimbursable preclearance authority........................  ...............           8,000   ...............  ...............          -8,000
        Harbor maintenance fee collection (trust fund).............           3,274            3,274            3,274   ...............  ...............
        International cargo screening..............................          59,709           56,491           55,721           -3,988             -770
        Other international programs...............................          25,087           27,387           25,846             +759           -1,541
        Customs-Trade Partnership Against Terrorism [C-TPAT].......          36,593           38,606           37,239             +646           -1,367
        Trusted Traveler programs..................................           5,811            5,811            5,811   ...............  ...............
        Inspection and detection technology investments............         209,273          173,785          173,737          -35,536              -48
        National Targeting Center..................................          75,890          115,282          114,554          +38,664             -728
        Training...................................................          38,258           49,929           49,823          +11,565             -106
        Office of Biometric Identity Management....................  ...............         305,536   ...............  ...............        -305,536
                                                                    ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
          Subtotal.................................................       3,435,501        3,892,201        3,519,051          +83,550         -373,150
 
    Border Security and Control Between Ports of Entry:
        Border security and control................................       3,696,450        3,864,866        3,790,936          +94,486          -73,930
        UAC Contingency Fund.......................................  ...............          13,000   ...............  ...............         -13,000
        Training...................................................          54,937           59,476           54,138             -799           -5,338
                                                                    ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
          Subtotal.................................................       3,751,387        3,937,342        3,845,074          +93,687          -92,268
                                                                    ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
          Subtotal, Salaries and Expenses..........................       8,628,902        9,398,748        8,857,183         +228,281         -541,565
            Appropriations.........................................      (8,625,628)      (9,395,474)      (8,853,909)       (+228,281)       (-541,565)
            Harbor Maintenance Trust Fund..........................          (3,274)          (3,274)          (3,274)  ...............  ...............
 
Small Airport User Fee (permanent indefinite discretionary                    9,097            9,415            9,415             +318   ...............
 appropriation)....................................................
 
Automation Modernization:
    Information technology.........................................         363,728          407,206          379,861          +16,133          -27,345
    Automated targeting systems....................................         122,669          122,646          122,617              -52              -29
    Automated Commercial Environment/International Trade Data               151,184          122,591          122,467          -28,717             -124
     System [ITDS].................................................
    Current Operations Protection and Processing Support [COPPS]...         191,879          188,283          188,261           -3,618              -22
                                                                    ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal.....................................................         829,460          840,726          813,206          -16,254          -27,520
 
Border Security Fencing, Infrastructure, and Technology [BSFIT]:
    Development and deployment.....................................         273,931           82,620           82,620         -191,311   ...............
    Operations and maintenance.....................................         173,530          246,617          266,617          +93,087          +20,000
                                                                    ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal.....................................................         447,461          329,237          349,237          -98,224          +20,000
 
Air and Marine Operations:
    Salaries and expenses..........................................         300,429          330,009          315,332          +14,903          -14,677
    Operations and maintenance.....................................         409,969          399,651          416,951           +6,982          +17,300
    Procurement....................................................          91,900           68,617          124,717          +32,817          +56,100
                                                                    ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal.....................................................         802,298          798,277          857,000          +54,702          +58,723
 
Construction and Facilities Management:
    Facilities construction and sustainment........................         255,378          224,289          217,289          -38,089           -7,000
    Program oversight and management...............................          84,750           81,465           79,111           -5,639           -2,354
                                                                    ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal.....................................................         340,128          305,754          296,400          -43,728           -9,354
                                                                    ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, U.S. Customs and Border Protection Direct                   11,057,346       11,682,157       11,182,441         +125,095         -499,716
       Appropriations..............................................
                                                                    ====================================================================================
 
Fee Accounts:
    Immigration inspection user fee................................        (652,699)        (677,894)        (677,894)        (+25,195)  ...............
    Immigration enforcement fines..................................            (633)            (860)            (860)           (+227)  ...............
    Electronic system for travel authorization fee.................         (57,332)         (58,301)         (58,301)           (+969)  ...............
    Land border inspection fee.....................................         (34,724)         (46,517)         (46,517)        (+11,793)  ...............
    COBRA passenger inspection fee.................................        (506,877)        (523,737)        (523,737)        (+16,860)  ...............
    APHIS inspection fee...........................................        (515,810)        (534,515)        (534,515)        (+18,705)  ...............
    Global entry user fee..........................................         (91,789)         (96,297)         (96,297)         (+4,508)  ...............
    Puerto Rico trust fund.........................................         (99,058)         (99,551)         (99,551)           (+493)  ...............
    Virgin Island fee..............................................         (11,867)         (11,176)         (11,176)           (-691)  ...............
    Customs unclaimed goods........................................          (5,992)          (5,992)          (5,992)  ...............  ...............
                                                                    ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Fee Accounts.......................................      (1,976,781)      (2,054,840)      (2,054,840)        (+78,059)  ...............
                                                                    ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, U.S. Customs and Border Protection....................      13,034,127       13,736,997       13,237,281         +203,154         -499,716
          Appropriations...........................................     (11,057,346)     (11,682,157)     (11,182,441)       (+125,095)       (-499,716)
          Fee accounts.............................................      (1,976,781)      (2,054,840)      (2,054,840)        (+78,059)  ...............
                                                                    ====================================================================================
              U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement
 
Salaries and Expenses:
    Headquarters Management and Administration:
        Personnel compensation and benefits, services and other             190,880          203,015          191,019             +139          -11,996
         costs.....................................................
        Headquarter-managed IT investment..........................         148,957          161,474          161,783          +12,826             +309
                                                                    ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
          Subtotal.................................................         339,837          364,489          352,802          +12,965          -11,687
 
    Legal proceedings..............................................         239,894          268,393          257,787          +17,893          -10,606
    Investigations:
        Domestic investigations....................................       1,761,829        1,892,183        1,844,231          +82,402          -47,952
        International investigations:
            International operations...............................         107,210          114,255          113,551           +6,341             -704
            Visa Security Program..................................          32,561           32,496           45,484          +12,923          +12,988
                                                                    ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
              Subtotal.............................................         139,771          146,751          159,035          +19,264          +12,284
                                                                    ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
              Subtotal, Investigations.............................       1,901,600        2,038,934        2,003,266         +101,666          -35,668
 
    Intelligence...................................................          79,768           81,996           80,141             +373           -1,855
 
    Enforcement and Removal Operations:
        Custody operations.........................................       2,316,744        2,178,963        2,321,866           +5,122         +142,903
        Fugitive operations........................................         156,572          133,133          151,129           -5,443          +17,996
        Criminal Alien Program.....................................         317,177          347,455          318,091             +914          -29,364
        Alternatives to detention..................................         114,275          125,966          124,866          +10,591           -1,100
        Transportation and Removal Program.........................         313,174          315,647          324,236          +11,062           +8,589
        UAC Contingency Fund.......................................  ...............           7,000   ...............  ...............          -7,000
                                                                    ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
          Subtotal.................................................       3,217,942        3,108,164        3,240,188          +22,246         +132,024
                                                                    ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
          Subtotal, Salaries and Expenses..........................       5,779,041        5,861,976        5,934,184         +155,143          +72,208
 
Automation Modernization:
    Consolidated ICE financial solution............................           5,000           11,800           11,800           +6,800   ...............
    TECS modernization.............................................          21,500           21,000           16,000           -5,500           -5,000
    IT refresh.....................................................           4,000           10,430            2,000           -2,000           -8,430
    Tactical communucations........................................          18,500   ...............  ...............         -18,500   ...............
    ICE operational data store.....................................           4,000   ...............  ...............          -4,000   ...............
                                                                    ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal.....................................................          53,000           43,230           29,800          -23,200          -13,430
 
Construction.......................................................  ...............           7,000   ...............  ...............          -7,000
                                                                    ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement Direct              5,832,041        5,912,206        5,963,984         +131,943          +51,778
       Appropriations..............................................
                                                                    ====================================================================================
 
Fee Accounts:
    Immigration inspection user fee................................        (135,000)        (135,000)        (135,000)  ...............  ...............
    Breached Bond/Detention Fund...................................         (42,000)         (42,000)         (42,000)  ...............  ...............
    Student exchange visitor program fee...........................        (145,000)        (145,000)        (171,000)        (+26,000)        (+26,000)
                                                                    ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal.....................................................         322,000          322,000          348,000          +26,000          +26,000
                                                                    ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement..............       6,154,041        6,234,206        6,311,984         +157,943          +77,778
          Appropriations...........................................      (5,832,041)      (5,912,206)      (5,963,984)       (+131,943)        (+51,778)
          Fee accounts.............................................        (322,000)        (322,000)        (348,000)        (+26,000)        (+26,000)
                                                                    ====================================================================================
               Transportation Security Administration
 
Aviation Security:
    Screening Partnership Program..................................         166,928          170,382          170,382           +3,454   ...............
    Screener personnel, compensation, and benefits.................       2,973,839        3,045,941        3,088,302         +114,463          +42,361
    Screener training and other....................................         239,025          235,668          240,388           +1,363           +4,720
    Checkpoint support.............................................         111,201          115,305          115,305           +4,104   ...............
    EDS procurement/installation...................................          82,168           82,939           82,939             +771   ...............
    Screening technology maintenance...............................         280,509          280,500          280,500               -9   ...............
    Aviation regulation and other enforcement......................         337,345          349,687          374,042          +36,697          +24,355
    Airport management and support.................................         597,899          598,724          602,163           +4,264           +3,439
    Federal Flight Deck Officer and flight crew training...........          20,758           19,773           22,473           +1,715           +2,700
    Air cargo......................................................         104,689          106,575          106,575           +1,886   ...............
    Federal Air Marshals...........................................         805,076          815,313          815,313          +10,237   ...............
    Aviation Security Capital Fund (mandatory).....................        (250,000)        (250,000)        (250,000)  ...............  ...............
                                                                    ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Aviation Security (gross)..........................       5,719,437        5,820,807        5,898,382         +178,945          +77,575
 
Aviation security fees (offsetting collections)....................      -2,130,000       -2,130,000       -2,130,000   ...............  ...............
Additional offsetting collections (leg. proposal)..................  ...............        -880,000   ...............  ...............        +880,000
                                                                    ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Aviation Security (net, discretionary).............       3,589,437        2,810,807        3,768,382         +178,945         +957,575
 
Surface Transportation Security:
    Staffing and operations........................................          28,148           27,700           27,700             -448   ...............
    Surface inspectors and VIPR....................................          82,650           95,016           95,016          +12,366   ...............
                                                                    ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal.....................................................         110,798          122,716          122,716          +11,918   ...............
 
Intelligence and Vetting:
    Intelligence...................................................          52,003           57,360           57,360           +5,357   ...............
    Secure flight..................................................         105,651          101,721          101,721           -3,930   ...............
    Other vetting programs.........................................          79,039           72,051           72,051           -6,988   ...............
    TWIC fee.......................................................         (82,267)         (96,163)         (96,163)        (+13,896)  ...............
    Hazardous material fee.........................................         (21,083)         (21,083)         (21,083)  ...............  ...............
    General aviation at DCA fee....................................            (400)            (400)            (400)  ...............  ...............
    Commercial aviation and airport fee............................          (6,500)          (6,500)          (6,500)  ...............  ...............
    Other security threat assessments fee..........................             (50)             (50)             (50)  ...............  ...............
    Air Cargo/Certified Cargo Screening Program fee................          (3,500)          (3,500)          (3,500)  ...............  ...............
    TSA Precheck Application Program fee...........................         (80,153)         (80,153)         (80,153)  ...............  ...............
    Alien flight school fee........................................          (5,200)          (5,200)          (5,200)  ...............  ...............
                                                                    ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal.....................................................         435,846          444,181          444,181           +8,335   ...............
          Direct Appropriations....................................        (236,693)        (231,132)        (231,132)         (-5,561)  ...............
          Fee funded programs......................................        (199,153)        (213,049)        (213,049)        (+13,896)  ...............
 
Transportation Security Support:
    Headquarters administration....................................         273,259          290,212          281,622           +8,363           -8,590
    Information technology.........................................         449,160          459,118          461,155          +11,995           +2,037
    Human capital services.........................................         201,596          202,045          210,448           +8,852           +8,403
                                                                    ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal.....................................................         924,015          951,375          953,225          +29,210           +1,850
                                                                    ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, Transportation Security Administration................       7,440,096        7,589,079        7,668,504         +228,408          +79,425
 
          Offsetting collections...................................     (-2,130,000)     (-2,130,000)     (-2,130,000)  ...............  ...............
          Offsetting collections (legislative proposal)............  ...............       (-880,000)  ...............  ...............       (+880,000)
          Aviation Security Capital Fund (mandatory)...............        (250,000)        (250,000)        (250,000)  ...............  ...............
          Fee funded programs......................................        (199,153)        (213,049)        (213,049)        (+13,896)  ...............
                                                                    ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
            Total, Transportation Security Administration (net)....       4,860,943        4,116,030        5,075,455         +214,512         +959,425
                                                                    ====================================================================================
                            Coast Guard
 
Operating Expenses:
    Military pay and allowances....................................       3,488,617        3,597,319        3,587,319          +98,702          -10,000
    Civilian pay and benefits......................................         792,229          817,324          817,324          +25,095   ...............
    Training and recruiting........................................         206,498          198,605          198,605           -7,893   ...............
    Operating funds and unit level maintenance.....................       1,027,780          996,204          996,954          -30,826             +750
    Centrally managed accounts.....................................         329,906          329,099          329,099             -807   ...............
    Intermediate and depot level maintenance.......................       1,056,458        1,048,264        1,048,264           -8,194   ...............
    Overseas contingency operations/global war on terrorism........         160,002   ...............         162,692           +2,690         +162,692
                                                                    ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal.....................................................       7,061,490        6,986,815        7,140,257          +78,767         +153,442
          (Defense)................................................        (500,002)        (340,000)        (502,692)         (+2,690)       (+162,692)
          (Nondefense).............................................      (6,561,488)      (6,646,815)      (6,637,565)        (+76,077)         (-9,250)
 
Environmental compliance and restoration...........................          13,221           13,315           13,315              +94   ...............
Reserve training...................................................         110,614          112,302          112,302           +1,688   ...............
 
Acquisition, construction, and improvements:
    Vessels:
        Survey and design-vessel and boats.........................          15,000            6,500            8,500           -6,500           +2,000
        In-Service vessel sustainment..............................          68,000           79,000           94,000          +26,000          +15,000
        National security cutter...................................         743,400          127,000          255,400         -488,000         +128,400
        Offshore patrol cutter.....................................          89,000          100,000          100,000          +11,000   ...............
        Fast response cutter.......................................         340,000          240,000          325,000          -15,000          +85,000
        Cutter boats...............................................           3,000            4,000            4,000           +1,000   ...............
        Polar ice breaking vessel..................................           6,000          147,600           14,000           +8,000         -133,600
                                                                    ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
          Subtotal.................................................       1,264,400          704,100          800,900         -463,500          +96,800
 
    Aircraft:
        HC-144 conversion/sustainment..............................           3,000           25,500           25,500          +22,500   ...............
        HC-27J conversion/sustainment..............................         102,000          130,000          130,000          +28,000   ...............
        HC-130J acquisition/conversion/sustainment.................         150,000           20,800           21,800         -128,200           +1,000
        HH-65 conversion/sustainment...............................          40,000           25,000           25,000          -15,000   ...............
                                                                    ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
          Subtotal.................................................         295,000          201,300          202,300          -92,700           +1,000
 
    Other Acquisition Programs:
        Other equipment and systems................................  ...............           8,055            8,055           +8,055   ...............
        Program oversight and management...........................          20,000           20,000           20,000   ...............  ...............
        C4ISR......................................................          36,600           24,300           24,300          -12,300   ...............
        CG-Logistics information management system.................           8,500            7,000            7,000           -1,500   ...............
                                                                    ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
          Subtotal.................................................          65,100           59,355           59,355           -5,745   ...............
 
    Shore Facilities and Aids to Navigation:
        Major construction; Housing; ATON; and survey and design...         124,600           18,100           18,100         -106,500   ...............
        Major acquisition systems infrastructure...................          52,000           28,000           50,000           -2,000          +22,000
        Minor shore................................................           5,000            5,000            5,000   ...............  ...............
                                                                    ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
          Subtotal.................................................         181,600           51,100           73,100         -108,500          +22,000
 
    Military housing...............................................          21,000   ...............  ...............         -21,000   ...............
    Personnel and related support:
        Direct personnel costs.....................................         118,069          120,933          120,933           +2,864   ...............
                                                                    ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
          Subtotal.................................................         118,069          120,933          120,933           +2,864   ...............
                                                                    ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
          Subtotal, Acquisition, Construction, and Improvements....       1,945,169        1,136,788        1,256,588         -688,581         +119,800
 
Research, development, test, and evaluation........................          18,019           18,319           36,819          +18,800          +18,500
Health Care Fund contribution (permanent indefinite discretionary           169,306          176,000          176,000           +6,694   ...............
 appropriation)....................................................
Retired pay (mandatory)............................................       1,604,000        1,666,940        1,666,940          +62,940   ...............
                                                                    ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, Coast Guard...........................................      10,921,819       10,110,479       10,402,221         -519,598         +291,742
          Appropriations...........................................     (10,761,817)     (10,110,479)     (10,239,529)       (-522,288)       (+129,050)
          Overseas contingency operations/global war on terrorism..        (160,002)  ...............        (162,692)         (+2,690)       (+162,692)
                                                                    ====================================================================================
                    United States Secret Service
 
Salaries and Expenses:
    Protection:
        Protection of persons and facilities.......................         911,480        1,006,054          991,054          +79,574          -15,000
        Protective intelligence activities.........................          70,967           72,413           72,413           +1,446   ...............
        National Special Security Event Fund.......................           4,500            4,500            4,500   ...............  ...............
        Presidential candidate nominee protection..................         203,687           72,134           72,134         -131,553   ...............
                                                                    ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
          Subtotal.................................................       1,190,634        1,155,101        1,140,101          -50,533          -15,000
 
    Investigations:
        Domestic field operations..................................         336,911          347,653          356,653          +19,742           +9,000
        International field office administration, Operations and            31,378           34,572           34,572           +3,194   ...............
         training..................................................
        Support for missing and exploited children.................           8,366            2,366            8,366   ...............          +6,000
                                                                    ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
          Subtotal.................................................         376,655          384,591          399,591          +22,936          +15,000
 
    Headquarters, management and administration....................         231,706          203,799          203,799          -27,907   ...............
    Rowley Training Center.........................................          54,474           57,533           57,533           +3,059   ...............
    Information integration and technology transformation..........           1,057            1,085            1,085              +28   ...............
                                                                    ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Salaries and Expenses..............................       1,854,526        1,802,109        1,802,109          -52,417   ...............
 
Acquisition, Construction, Improvements, and Related Expenses:
    Facilities.....................................................          24,282            5,557            5,557          -18,725   ...............
    Protection of persons and facilities...........................          11,000           38,216           38,216          +27,216   ...............
    Information integration and technology transformation..........          43,737           45,237           45,237           +1,500   ...............
                                                                    ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal.....................................................          79,019           89,010           89,010           +9,991   ...............
                                                                    ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, United States Secret Service..........................       1,933,545        1,891,119        1,891,119          -42,426   ...............
                                                                    ====================================================================================
      Total, title II, Security, Enforcement, and Investigations...      34,605,694       33,711,991       34,515,220          -90,474         +803,229
          Appropriations...........................................     (36,575,692)     (36,721,991)     (36,482,528)        (-93,164)       (-239,463)
          Offsetting collections...................................     (-2,130,000)     (-2,130,000)     (-2,130,000)  ...............  ...............
          Offsetting collections (legislative proposal)............  ...............       (-880,000)  ...............  ...............       (+880,000)
          Overseas contingency operations/global war on terrorism..        (160,002)  ...............        (162,692)         (+2,690)       (+162,692)
          (Fee accounts)...........................................      (2,497,934)      (2,589,889)      (2,615,889)       (+117,955)        (+26,000)
                                                                    ====================================================================================
    TITLE III--PROTECTION, PREPAREDNESS, RESPONSE, AND RECOVERY
 
            National Protection and Programs Directorate
 
Management and administration......................................          62,132           62,077           56,536           -5,596           -5,541
 
Infrastructure Protection and Information Security:
    Infrastructure Protection:
        Infrastructure analysis and planning.......................          75,010           56,342           73,814           -1,196          +17,472
        Sector management and governance...........................          70,848           64,972           61,084           -9,764           -3,888
        Regional field operations..................................          49,151           56,259           49,790             +639           -6,469
        Infrastructure security compliance.........................          78,400           78,667           72,331           -6,069           -6,336
                                                                    ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
          Subtotal, Infrastructure Protection......................         273,409          256,240          257,019          -16,390             +779
 
    Cybersecurity and Communications:
        Cybersecurity:
            Cybersecurity coordination.............................           4,434            4,337            4,337              -97   ...............
            US Computer Emergency Readiness Team [US-CERT]                   94,485          128,850          117,042          +22,557          -11,808
             operations............................................
            Federal network security...............................         136,055          315,760          281,543         +145,488          -34,217
            Network security deployment............................         475,822          486,105          480,489           +4,667           -5,616
            Global cybersecurity management........................          26,702           16,487           23,749           -2,953           +7,262
            Critical infrastructure cyber protection and awareness.          74,229           99,443           91,180          +16,951           -8,263
            Business operations....................................           7,022            6,561            6,561             -461   ...............
                                                                    ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
              Subtotal, Cybersecurity..............................         818,749        1,057,543        1,004,901         +186,152          -52,642
 
        Communications:
            Office of Emergency Communications.....................          34,205           32,680           33,860             -345           +1,180
            Priority telecommunications services...................          63,095           63,957           63,957             +862   ...............
            Next generation networks...............................          80,384           89,780           89,780           +9,396   ...............
            Programs to study and enhance telecommunications.......          10,334           10,221           10,221             -113   ...............
            Critical infrastructure protection programs............          10,824           16,270           14,974           +4,150           -1,296
                                                                    ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
              Subtotal, Communications.............................         198,842          212,908          212,792          +13,950             -116
                                                                    ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
              Subtotal, Cybersecurity and Communications...........       1,017,591        1,270,451        1,217,693         +200,102          -52,758
                                                                    ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
              Subtotal, Infrastructure Protection and Information         1,291,000        1,526,691        1,474,712         +183,712          -51,979
               Security............................................
 
Federal Protective Service:
    Basic security.................................................         275,763          290,669          290,669          +14,906   ...............
    Building-specific security.....................................         665,121          647,843          647,843          -17,278   ...............
    Reimbursable security fees (Contract Guard Services)...........         502,565          512,566          512,566          +10,001   ...............
                                                                    ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Federal Protective Service.........................       1,443,449        1,451,078        1,451,078           +7,629   ...............
 
    Offsetting collections.........................................      -1,443,449       -1,451,078       -1,451,078           -7,629   ...............
 
Office of Biometric Identity Management............................         282,473   ...............         287,149           +4,676         +287,149
                                                                    ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, National Protection and Programs Directorate (gross)..       3,079,054        3,039,846        3,269,475         +190,421         +229,629
          (Defense)................................................      (1,291,000)      (1,526,691)      (1,474,712)       (+183,712)        (-51,979)
          (Nondefense).............................................        (344,605)         (62,077)        (343,685)           (-920)       (+281,608)
          Offsetting collections...................................     (-1,443,449)     (-1,451,078)     (-1,451,078)         (-7,629)  ...............
                                                                    ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, National Protection and Programs Directorate (net)....       1,635,605        1,588,768        1,818,397         +182,792         +229,629
                                                                    ====================================================================================
                      Office of Health Affairs
 
BioWatch...........................................................          82,078   ...............          69,878          -12,200          +69,878
National Biosurveillance Integration Center........................          10,500   ...............           8,000           -2,500           +8,000
Chemical Defense Program...........................................             824   ...............             811              -13             +811
Planning and coordination..........................................           4,957   ...............           4,906              -51           +4,906
Salaries and expenses..............................................          27,010   ...............          24,698           -2,312          +24,698
                                                                    ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, Office of Health Affairs..............................         125,369   ...............         108,293          -17,076         +108,293
                                                                    ====================================================================================
                Federal Emergency Management Agency
 
Salaries and Expenses:
    Administrative and regional offices............................         236,802          247,788          233,007           -3,795          -14,781
        Office of National Capital Region Coordination.............          (3,422)          (3,460)          (3,460)            (+38)  ...............
    Preparedness and protection....................................         189,581          164,656          161,394          -28,187           -3,262
    Response.......................................................         174,124          189,923          190,915          +16,791             +992
        Urban search and rescue response system....................         (35,180)         (27,513)         (35,180)  ...............         (+7,667)
    Recovery.......................................................          49,763           58,687           57,023           +7,260           -1,664
    Mitigation.....................................................          27,957           24,887           27,579             -378           +2,692
    Mission support................................................         181,610          220,464          213,286          +31,676           -7,178
    Centrally managed accounts.....................................         100,917          161,798          161,560          +60,643             -238
                                                                    ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Salaries and Expenses..............................         960,754        1,068,203        1,044,764          +84,010          -23,439
          (Defense)................................................         (74,000)         (62,288)         (62,288)        (-11,712)  ...............
          (Nondefense).............................................        (886,754)      (1,005,915)        (982,476)        (+95,722)        (-23,439)
 
Grants and Training:
    State and Local Programs:
        Discretionary Grants:
            State Homeland Security Grant Program..................         467,000          200,000          467,000   ...............        +267,000
            Operation Stonegarden..................................         (55,000)  ...............         (55,000)  ...............        (+55,000)
            Urban Area Security Initiative.........................         600,000          330,000          600,000   ...............        +270,000
            Nonprofit Security Grants..............................         (20,000)  ...............         (20,000)  ...............        (+20,000)
        Public transportation security assistance and railroad              100,000           85,000          100,000   ...............         +15,000
         security assistance.......................................
              Amtrak security......................................         (10,000)         (10,000)         (10,000)  ...............  ...............
              Over-the-Road Bus security...........................          (3,000)  ...............          (3,000)  ...............         (+3,000)
            Port Security Grants...................................         100,000           93,000          100,000   ...............          +7,000
            Countering violent extremism...........................  ...............          49,000           50,000          +50,000           +1,000
            Regional Competition Grant Program.....................  ...............         100,000   ...............  ...............        -100,000
                                                                    ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
              Subtotal, Discretionary Grants.......................       1,267,000          857,000        1,317,000          +50,000         +460,000
 
        Education, Training, and Exercises:
            Emergency Management Institute.........................          20,569   ...............          20,569   ...............         +20,569
            Center for Domestic Preparedness.......................          64,991   ...............          67,989           +2,998          +67,989
            National Domestic Preparedness Consortium..............          98,000           36,000          101,000           +3,000          +65,000
            National Exercise Program..............................          19,919   ...............          19,911               -8          +19,911
            Center for Homeland Defense and Security and Emergency   ...............          37,643   ...............  ...............         -37,643
             Management Institute..................................
            Center for Domestic Preparedness and National Exercise   ...............          87,900   ...............  ...............         -87,900
             Program...............................................
            Continuing Training Grants/Center for Homeland Defense           29,521   ...............          18,000          -11,521          +18,000
             & Security............................................
                                                                    ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
              Subtotal, Education, Training and Exercises..........         233,000          161,543          227,469           -5,531          +65,926
 
        Emergency management performance grants....................  ...............         350,000   ...............  ...............        -350,000
        Fire grants................................................  ...............         335,000   ...............  ...............        -335,000
        SAFER......................................................  ...............         335,000   ...............  ...............        -335,000
                                                                    ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
          Subtotal, State and Local Programs.......................       1,500,000        2,038,543        1,544,469          +44,469         -494,074
 
    Firefighter Assistance Grants:
        Fire grants................................................         345,000   ...............         340,000           -5,000         +340,000
        Staffing for adequate fire and emergency response [SAFER]           345,000   ...............         340,000           -5,000         +340,000
         act grants................................................
                                                                    ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
          Subtotal.................................................         690,000   ...............         680,000          -10,000         +680,000
 
    Emergency management performance grants........................         350,000   ...............         350,000   ...............        +350,000
                                                                    ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Grants and Training................................       2,540,000        2,038,543        2,574,469          +34,469         +535,926
 
Radiological Emergency Preparedness Program........................            -305             -265             -265              +40   ...............
United States Fire Administration..................................          44,000           42,312           44,000   ...............          +1,688
 
Disaster Relief Fund:
    Base disaster relief...........................................         661,740          639,515          639,515          -22,225   ...............
    Disaster relief category.......................................       6,712,953        6,709,000        6,709,000           -3,953   ...............
                                                                    ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Disaster Relief Fund...............................       7,374,693        7,348,515        7,348,515          -26,178   ...............
 
Flood Hazard Mapping and Risk Analysis Program.....................         190,000          177,531          177,531          -12,469   ...............
 
National Flood Insurance Fund:
    Salaries and expenses..........................................          25,299           13,436           13,436          -11,863   ...............
    Flood plain management and mapping.............................         155,899          168,363          168,363          +12,464   ...............
                                                                    ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal.....................................................         181,198          181,799          181,799             +601   ...............
 
    Offsetting fee collections.....................................        -181,198         -181,799         -181,799             -601   ...............
 
National Predisaster Mitigation Fund...............................         100,000           54,486          100,000   ...............         +45,514
Emergency food and shelter.........................................         120,000          100,000          100,000          -20,000   ...............
                                                                    ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, Federal Emergency Management Agency...................      11,329,142       10,829,325       11,389,014          +59,872         +559,689
          Appropriations...........................................      (4,797,387)      (4,302,124)      (4,861,813)        (+64,426)       (+559,689)
          Offsetting collections...................................       (-181,198)       (-181,799)       (-181,799)           (-601)  ...............
          Disaster relief category.................................      (6,712,953)      (6,709,000)      (6,709,000)         (-3,953)  ...............
                                                                    ====================================================================================
      Total, title III, Protection, Preparedness, Response and           13,090,116       12,418,093       13,315,704         +225,588         +897,611
       Recovery....................................................
          Appropriations...........................................      (8,001,810)      (7,341,970)      (8,239,581)       (+237,771)       (+897,611)
          Offsetting collections...................................     (-1,624,647)     (-1,632,877)     (-1,632,877)         (-8,230)  ...............
          Disaster relief category.................................      (6,712,953)      (6,709,000)      (6,709,000)         (-3,953)  ...............
                                                                    ====================================================================================
      TITLE IV--RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT, TRAINING, AND SERVICES
 
         United States Citizenship and Immigration Services
 
Appropriations:
    E-Verify Program...............................................         119,671          119,139          119,139             -532   ...............
    Immigrant integration programs.................................  ...............          10,000   ...............  ...............         -10,000
                                                                    ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal.....................................................         119,671          129,139          119,139             -532          -10,000
 
Fee Accounts:
    Adjudication Services:
        District operations........................................      (1,644,932)      (1,607,655)      (1,607,655)        (-37,277)  ...............
            (Immigrant Integration Grants).........................  ...............  ...............  ...............  ...............  ...............
        Service center operations..................................        (700,060)      (1,001,363)        (676,013)        (-24,047)       (-325,350)
        Asylum, refugee and international operations...............        (259,350)        (274,437)        (265,437)         (+6,087)         (-9,000)
        Records operations.........................................        (124,177)        (124,671)        (124,671)           (+494)  ...............
        Business transformation....................................        (226,380)        (226,380)        (226,380)  ...............  ...............
                                                                    ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
          Subtotal.................................................      (2,954,899)      (3,234,506)      (2,900,156)        (-54,743)       (-334,350)
 
    Information and Customer Services:
        Operating expenses.........................................        (124,041)        (138,915)        (120,391)         (-3,650)        (-18,524)
    Administration:
        Operating expenses.........................................        (384,585)        (418,639)        (388,092)         (+3,507)        (-30,547)
    Systematic Alien Verification for Entitlements [SAVE]..........         (27,021)         (37,071)         (37,071)        (+10,050)  ...............
                                                                    ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Fee Accounts.......................................      (3,490,546)      (3,829,131)      (3,445,710)        (-44,836)       (-383,421)
 
H1-B Visa Fee Account:
    Adjudication Services:
        Service center operations..................................  ...............         (15,000)         (15,000)        (+15,000)  ...............
 
H1-B and L Fraud Prevention Fee Account:
    Adjudication services:
        District operations........................................  ...............         (29,523)         (29,523)        (+29,523)  ...............
        Asylum and refugee operating expenses......................  ...............            (308)            (308)           (+308)  ...............
        Service center operations..................................  ...............         (15,169)         (15,169)        (+15,169)  ...............
                                                                    ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
          Subtotal.................................................  ...............         (45,000)         (45,000)        (+45,000)  ...............
                                                                    ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
          Total, Fee Accounts......................................      (3,490,546)      (3,889,131)      (3,505,710)        (+15,164)       (-383,421)
                                                                    ====================================================================================
      Total, United States Citizenship and Immigration Services....      (3,610,217)      (4,018,270)      (3,624,849)        (+14,632)       (-393,421)
          Appropriations...........................................        (119,671)        (129,139)        (119,139)           (-532)        (-10,000)
          Fee accounts.............................................      (3,490,546)      (3,889,131)      (3,505,710)        (+15,164)       (-383,421)
                                                                    ====================================================================================
(Immigration Examination Fee Account)..............................      (3,430,546)      (3,829,131)      (3,445,710)        (+15,164)       (-383,421)
(H1-B Visa Fee Account)............................................         (15,000)         (15,000)         (15,000)  ...............  ...............
(H1-B and L Fraud Prevention Fee Account)..........................         (45,000)         (45,000)         (45,000)  ...............  ...............
 
              Federal Law Enforcement Training Center
 
Salaries and Expenses:
    Law enforcement training.......................................         189,410          186,251          186,251           -3,159   ...............
    Management and administration..................................          28,075           28,714           28,714             +639   ...............
                                                                    ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal.....................................................         217,485          214,965          214,965           -2,520   ...............
 
Acquisitions, Construction, Improvements, and Related Expenses.....          27,553           27,553           27,553   ...............  ...............
                                                                    ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, Federal Law Enforcement Training Center...............         245,038          242,518          242,518           -2,520   ...............
                                                                    ====================================================================================
                       Science and Technology
 
Management and administration......................................         131,531          127,903          127,903           -3,628   ...............
 
Research, Development, Acquisition, and Operations:
    Research, development, and innovation..........................         434,850          417,420          438,979           +4,129          +21,559
    Laboratory facilities..........................................         133,731          133,942          133,942             +211   ...............
    Acquisition and operations support.............................          47,102           48,393           48,393           +1,291   ...............
    University programs............................................          39,724           31,085           40,500             +776           +9,415
                                                                    ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal.....................................................         655,407          630,840          661,814           +6,407          +30,974
                                                                    ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, Science and Technology................................         786,938          758,743          789,717           +2,779          +30,974
                                                                    ====================================================================================
                 Domestic Nuclear Detection Office
 
Management and administration......................................          38,109   ...............          42,222           +4,113          +42,222
 
Research, Development, and Operations:
    Systems engineering and architecture...........................          17,000   ...............          15,872           -1,128          +15,872
    Systems development............................................          22,000   ...............          20,253           -1,747          +20,253
    Transformational research and development......................          68,000   ...............          63,582           -4,418          +63,582
    Assessments....................................................          38,000   ...............          36,648           -1,352          +36,648
    Operations support.............................................          31,000   ...............          29,492           -1,508          +29,492
    National Technical Nuclear Forensics Center....................          20,000   ...............          19,289             -711          +19,289
                                                                    ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal.....................................................         196,000   ...............         185,136          -10,864         +185,136
 
Systems Acquisition:
    Securing the cities............................................          22,000   ...............          22,000   ...............         +22,000
    Radiological and nuclear detection equipment [RDE] acquisition.          91,011   ...............          98,664           +7,653          +98,664
                                                                    ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal.....................................................         113,011   ...............         120,664           +7,653         +120,664
                                                                    ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, Domestic Nuclear Detection Office.....................         347,120   ...............         348,022             +902         +348,022
                                                                    ====================================================================================
 Chemical, Biological, Radiological, Nuclear and Explosives Office
 
Chemical, Biological, Radiological, Nuclear and Explosives Office:
    Defense........................................................  ...............          14,263   ...............  ...............         -14,263
    Non-defense....................................................  ...............         487,182   ...............  ...............        -487,182
                                                                    ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, Chemical, Biological, Radiological, Nuclear and         ...............         501,445   ...............  ...............        -501,445
       Explosives Office...........................................
          (Defense)................................................  ...............         (14,263)  ...............  ...............        (-14,263)
          (Non-defense)............................................  ...............        (487,182)  ...............  ...............       (-487,182)
                                                                    ====================================================================================
      Total, title IV, Research and Development, Training, and            1,498,767        1,631,845        1,499,396             +629         -132,449
       Services....................................................
      (Fee Accounts)...............................................      (3,490,546)      (3,889,131)      (3,505,710)        (+15,164)       (-383,421)
                                                                    ====================================================================================
                    TITLE V--GENERAL PROVISIONS
 
DHS Consolidated Headquarters Project..............................         215,679          225,532          225,532           +9,853   ...............
Financial systems modernization....................................          52,977           41,215           41,215          -11,762   ...............
OCIO Cyber Security Fund...........................................         100,000   ...............  ...............        -100,000   ...............
Emergent threats...................................................          50,000   ...............  ...............         -50,000   ...............
Colombia Free Trade Act collections................................         220,000          220,000          231,000          +11,000          +11,000
H2B returning worker...............................................           1,000   ...............  ...............          -1,000   ...............
U-Visa immigration proposal........................................  ...............           3,000   ...............  ...............          -3,000
Analysis and operations (rescission)...............................          -4,188   ...............  ...............          +4,188   ...............
TSA Aviation security (Public Law 114-113) (rescission)............        -158,414   ...............         -12,000         +146,414          -12,000
TSA Surface transportation security (Public Law 114-4) (rescission)         -14,000   ...............  ...............         +14,000   ...............
TSA Transportation security support (Public Law 114-113)             ...............  ...............         -23,000          -23,000          -23,000
 (rescission)......................................................
Coast Guard AC&I; (Public Law 113-6) (rescission)...................  ...............  ...............          -4,200           -4,200           -4,200
Coast Guard AC&I; (Public Law 113-76) (rescission)..................         -16,445   ...............         -19,300           -2,855          -19,300
Coast Guard AC&I; (Public Law 112-74) (rescission...................          -5,800   ...............  ...............          +5,800   ...............
Coast Guard AC&I; (Public Law 114-4) (rescission)...................  ...............  ...............         -16,500          -16,500          -16,500
Immigration Authorization..........................................           1,000   ...............  ...............          -1,000   ...............
Science and technology, research, development, acquisition, and                -393   ...............  ...............            +393   ...............
 operations (Public Law 113-6) (rescission)........................
Science and technology, research, development, acquisition, and              -8,500   ...............  ...............          +8,500   ...............
 operations (Public Law 113-76) (rescission).......................
Science and technology, research, development, acquisition, and              -1,107   ...............  ...............          +1,107   ...............
 operations (Public Law 114-4) (rescission)........................
Treasury Asset Forfeiture Fund (rescission)........................        -176,000   ...............        -100,000          +76,000         -100,000
FEMA State and Local programs (70 x 0560) (rescission).............  ...............  ...............         -17,287          -17,287          -17,287
FEMA Disaster Relief Fund (rescission).............................      -1,021,879         -325,000         -794,126         +227,753         -469,126
FEMA Disaster Assistance Direct Loan Program (Public Law 109-88)            -27,338          -95,000          -95,000          -67,662   ...............
 (rescission)......................................................
FEMA predisaster mitigation (70 x 0716) (rescission)...............         -13,758   ...............  ...............         +13,758   ...............
OCIO (rescission)..................................................  ...............  ...............          -3,000           -3,000           -3,000
CBP BSFIT (rescission).............................................         -21,856   ...............         -17,750           +4,106          -17,750
CBP construction and facilities management (rescission)............          -4,500   ...............         -15,000          -10,500          -15,000
CBP AMO (rescission)...............................................  ...............  ...............         -10,157          -10,157          -10,157
ICE salaries and expenses (Public Law 114-113) (rescission)........  ...............  ...............         -35,000          -35,000          -35,000
ICE salaries and expenses (Public Law 114-4) (rescission)..........  ...............  ...............         -45,000          -45,000          -45,000
ICE construction (rescission)......................................  ...............  ...............          -7,000           -7,000           -7,000
Legacy funds (rescission)..........................................          -1,006   ...............          -1,404             -398           -1,404
Unobligated balances (nondefense) (rescission).....................         -23,968   ...............  ...............         +23,968   ...............
CBP automation modernization (rescission)..........................          -7,000   ...............         -15,850           -8,850          -15,850
                                                                    ====================================================================================
      Total, title V, General Provisions...........................        -865,496           69,747         -733,827         +131,669         -803,574
          Appropriations...........................................        (640,656)        (489,747)        (497,747)       (-142,909)         (+8,000)
          Rescissions..............................................     (-1,506,152)       (-420,000)     (-1,231,574)       (+274,578)       (-811,574)
                                                                    ====================================================================================
      Grand Total..................................................      49,431,955       48,999,303       49,739,632         +307,677         +740,329
          Appropriations...........................................     (47,819,799)     (47,353,180)     (47,862,391)        (+42,592)       (+509,211)
          Rescissions..............................................     (-1,506,152)       (-420,000)     (-1,231,574)       (+274,578)       (-811,574)
          Overseas contingency operations/global war on terrorism..        (160,002)  ...............        (162,692)         (+2,690)       (+162,692)
          Disaster relief category.................................      (6,712,953)      (6,709,000)      (6,709,000)         (-3,953)  ...............
          Offsetting collections...................................     (-3,754,647)     (-3,762,877)     (-3,762,877)         (-8,230)  ...............
          Offsetting collections (Legislative proposal)............  ...............       (-880,000)  ...............  ...............       (+880,000)
          (Fee funded programs)....................................      (5,988,480)      (6,479,020)      (6,121,599)       (+133,119)       (-357,421)
          (By transfer)............................................         (24,000)         (24,000)         (24,000)  ...............  ...............
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