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115th Congress    }                                 {  Rept. 115-1026
                        HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
 2d Session       }                                 {         Part 1

======================================================================



 
                HOMELESS CHILDREN AND YOUTH ACT OF 2017

                                _______
                                

               November 14, 2018.--Ordered to be printed

                                _______
                                

Mr. Hensarling, from the Committee on Financial Services, submitted the 
                               following

                              R E P O R T

                             together with

                             MINORITY VIEWS

                        [To accompany H.R. 1511]

      [Including cost estimate of the Congressional Budget Office]

    The Committee on Financial Services, to whom was referred 
the bill (H.R. 1511) to amend the McKinney-Vento Homeless 
Assistance Act to meet the needs of homeless children, youth, 
and families, and honor the assessments and priorities of local 
communities, having considered the same, report favorably 
thereon with amendments and recommend that the bill as amended 
do pass.
    The amendments (stated in terms of the page and line 
numbers of the introduced bill) are as follows:

  Page 8, line 19, after the semicolon insert ``and''.

  Page 8, strike line 20 and all that follows through page 9, 
line 2.

  Page 9, line 3, strike ``(D)'' and insert ``(C)''.

                          Purpose and Summary

    On March 13, 2017, Rep. Steve Stivers introduced H.R. 1511, 
the ``Homeless Children and Youth Act of 2017.'' H.R. 1511, as 
amended, amends the McKinney-Vento Homeless Assistance Act 
(P.L. 100-77) to modify definitions relating to homeless 
individuals and homeless children or youth as used by the U.S. 
Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) to verify 
eligibility for HUD homeless assistance programs to align them 
with the definitions of ``homeless'' used to verify eligibility 
for other federal assistance programs.

                  Background and Need for Legislation

    Federal agencies use different definitions of homelessness 
for the various programs they administer. While some 
definitions of homelessness are promulgated through 
regulations, the two most widely used definitions of 
homelessness are codified in statute.
    The U.S. Department of Education's definition of 
homelessness, used by all public schools in the United States, 
includes children and youth who lack a fixed, regular, and 
adequate nighttime residence. The Education Department's 
definition specifically includes children and youth living in 
shelters, transitional housing, cars, campgrounds, motels, and 
sharing the housing of others temporarily due to loss of 
housing, economic hardship, or similar reasons. This is the 
same definition of homelessness used by Head Start, federally-
funded child care programs, child nutrition, and other federal 
family and youth programs.
    With few exceptions, the U.S. Department of Housing and 
Urban Development's (HUD) definition of homelessness only 
includes people living in shelters, transitional housing, or on 
the streets or other outdoor locations. (See chart of federal 
definitions of homelessness.)

                  Federal Definitions of Homelessness

(emphasis added)
Runaway and Homeless Youth Act--42 U.S.C. Sec. 5601
(Used by HHS for Family and Youth Services Bureau)
    The term `homeless', used with respect to a youth, means an 
individual--
    (A) who is--
    (i) less than 21 years of age, or, in the case of a youth seeking 
shelter in a [Basic Center Program], less than 18 years of age or is 
less than a higher maximum age if the State where the center is located 
has an applicable State or local law (including a regulation) that 
permits such higher maximum age in compliance with licensure 
requirements for child- and youth-serving facilities, and
    (ii) for [a Transitional Living Program], not less than 16 years of 
age and either
    (I) less than 22 years of age; or
    (II) not less than 22 years of age, as the expiration of the 
maximum period of stay permitted under section 322(a)(2) if such
McKinney-Vento Homeless Assistance Act--42 U.S.C. Sec. 11434A, As 
        Amended by The Every Student Succeeds Act--
(Used by ED, by HHS for Head Start and the Child Care Development Fund, 
        by USDA for Child Nutrition, and by DOJ for the Violence 
        Against Women Act)
    The term ``homeless children and youths''--
    (A) means individuals who lack a fixed, regular, and adequate 
nighttime residence (within the meaning of section 103(a)(1)); and
    (B) includes--
    (i) children and youths who are sharing the housing of other 
persons due to loss of housing, economic hardship, or a similar reason; 
are living in motels, hotels, trailer parks, or camping grounds due to 
the lack of alternative adequate accommodations; are living in 
emergency or transitional shelters; or are abandoned in hospitals;
    (ii) children and youths who have a primary nighttime residence 
that is a public or private place not designed for or ordinarily used 
as a regular sleeping accommodation for human beings (within the 
meaning of section 103(a)(2)(C));
McKinney-Vento Homeless Assistance Act as Amended by Homeless Emergency 
        and Rapid Transition to Housing (HEARTH) Act of 2009--42 U.S.C. 
        Sec. 11302
(Used by HUD)*
. . . [T]he terms `homeless', `homeless individual', and `homeless 
person' means--
    (1) an individual or family who lacks a fixed, regular, and 
adequate nighttime residence;
    (2) an individual or family with a primary nighttime residence that 
is a public or private place not designed for or ordinarily used as a 
regular sleeping accommodation for human beings, including a car, park, 
abandoned building, bus or train station, airport, or camping ground;
    `(3) an individual or family living in a supervised publicly or 
privately operated shelter designated to provide temporary living 
arrangements (including hotels and motels paid for by Federal, State, 
or local government programs for low-income individuals or by 
charitable organizations, congregate shelters, and transitional 
housing);
    (4) an individual who resided in

    Title IV of the McKinney-Vento Homeless Assistance Act 
authorizes HUD to administer a competitive grant program termed 
``The Continuum of Care'' (CoC). The program competitively 
awards grants for CoC planning costs, local unified agency 
funding costs, acquisition, rehabilitation, new construction, 
leasing, rental assistance, supportive services, operating 
costs, Homeless Management Information Systems (HMIS), and 
project administration costs. CoC program funds can be used for 
projects under five program components: (1) permanent housing, 
(2) transitional housing, (3) supportive services only, (4) 
HMIS, and (5) homelessness prevention for CoCs designated as 
high-performing communities. Eligible applicants are: Private 
nonprofit organizations, states, local governments, 
instrumentalities of state or local governments, and public 
housing agencies if they have been selected by the Continuum of 
Care for the geographic area in which they operate.
    The current HUD definition of homelessness results in 
inefficient and ineffective use of funds, and because the 
education definition defines homeless persons differently, it 
is more difficult for children and youth to obtain HUD-provided 
housing assistance. Service providers and educators use general 
funds or donations to put families and youth into emergency 
shelters or motels for the sole purpose of qualifying them for 
permanent supportive housing or Rapid Rehousing programs. Some 
providers designate beds as emergency beds for the purpose of 
qualifying youth for HUD homeless assistance. This is a waste 
of resources and creates destabilizing and harmful moves. The 
current HUD homeless assistance program has become so 
complicated that HUD spends millions of dollars in technical 
assistance to help communities understand and implement it. The 
federal government ties the hands of local communities with 
inconsistent definitions of homelessness and funding streams 
that prevent agencies from maximizing their impact.
    To harmonize the dual definitions of homeless persons, H.R. 
1511 would amend the McKinney-Vento Act to include children and 
youth who are verified as homeless by local educational or 
social service agencies. H.R. 1511 will increase the visibility 
of homeless children, youth, and families through more accurate 
data, thus providing a true picture of homelessness and helping 
communities leverage and attract more public and private 
resources to address homelessness. The Homeless Children and 
Youth Act would allow local communities to meet local needs, as 
long as they do so effectively. It would correct the heavy-
handedness of current HUD homeless policy, which imposes 
federal priorities on local communities. It would prohibit HUD 
from awarding greater priority, points, or weight based solely 
on the specific homeless population to be served or the 
proposed housing or service model. It would require HUD to 
ensure that scoring is based primarily on the extent to which 
communities demonstrate that a project and program components 
meet the priorities identified in the local plan, and are cost-
effective in meeting the overall goals and objectives 
identified in the local plan. H.R. 1511 would not only increase 
the number of children and youth that receive housing 
assistance and services, but also would allow HUD to obtain a 
more accurate estimate of the number of homeless persons who 
need housing assistance and services.

                                Hearings

    The Committee on Financial Services, Subcommittee on 
Housing and Insurance held a hearing examining matters relating 
to H.R. 1511 on June 6, 2018.

                        Committee Consideration

    The Committee on Financial Services met in open session on 
July 24, 2018, and ordered H.R. 1511 to be reported favorably, 
as amended, to the House by a recorded vote of 39 yeas to 18 
nays (recorded vote no. FC-194), a quorum being present.

                            Committee Votes

    Clause 3(b) of rule XIII of the Rules of the House of 
Representatives requires the Committee to list the record votes 
on the motion to report legislation and amendments thereto. A 
motion by Chairman Hensarling to report the bill favorably to 
the House, as amended, was agreed to by a recorded vote of 39 
ayes and 18 nays (FC-194), a quorum being present. An amendment 
offered by Mr. Stivers was agreed to by voice vote. An 
amendment offered by Ms. Waters was not agreed to, as amended 
by unanimous consent, by a recorded vote of 23 ayes and 34 nays 
(FC-193).





[GRAPHIC(S) NOT AVAILABLE IN TIFF FORMAT]






                      Committee Oversight Findings

    Pursuant to clause 3(c)(1) of rule XIII of the Rules of the 
House of Representatives, the findings and recommendations of 
the Committee based on oversight activities under clause 
2(b)(1) of rule X of the Rules of the House of Representatives, 
are incorporated in the descriptive portions of this report.

                    Performance Goals and Objectives

    Pursuant to clause 3(c)(4) of rule XIII of the Rules of the 
House of Representatives, the Committee states that H.R. 1511 
authorizes the Secretary of Housing and Urban Development to 
carry out a housing choice voucher mobility demonstration to 
encourage families receiving such voucher assistance to move to 
lower-poverty areas and expand access to opportunity areas.

   New Budget Authority, Entitlement Authority, and Tax Expenditures

    In compliance with clause 3(c)(2) of rule XIII of the Rules 
of the House of Representatives, the Committee adopts as its 
own the estimate of new budget authority, entitlement 
authority, or tax expenditures or revenues contained in the 
cost estimate prepared by the Director of the Congressional 
Budget Office pursuant to section 402 of the Congressional 
Budget Act of 1974.

                 Congressional Budget Office Estimates

    Pursuant to clause 3(c)(3) of rule XIII of the Rules of the 
House of Representatives, the following is the cost estimate 
provided by the Congressional Budget Office pursuant to section 
402 of the Congressional Budget Act of 1974:

                                     U.S. Congress,
                               Congressional Budget Office,
                                  Washington, DC, October 23, 2018.
Hon. Jeb Hensarling,
Chairman, Committee on Financial Services,
House of Representatives, Washington, DC.
    Dear Mr. Chairman: The Congressional Budget Office has 
prepared the enclosed cost estimate for H.R. 1511, the Homeless 
Children and Youth Act of 2017.
    If you wish further details on this estimate, we will be 
pleased to provide them. The CBO staff contact is Elizabeth 
Cove Delisle.
            Sincerely,
                                             Mark P. Hadley
                                        (For Keith Hall, Director).
    Enclosure.

H.R. 1511--Homeless Children and Youth Act of 2017

    Summary: H.R. 1511 would expand eligibility for services 
under the Continuum of Care (CoC) Program of the Department of 
Housing and Urban Development (HUD) to include doubled-up 
families--youth and families with children who are living with 
others because they cannot afford their own housing. That 
expansion would be limited to households that meet the 
program's income and other requirements for participation. CBO 
estimates that implementing H.R. 1511 would cost $708 million 
over the 2019-2023 period, assuming appropriation of the 
necessary amounts.
    Enacting the bill would not affect direct spending or 
revenues; therefore, pay-as-you-go procedures do not apply.
    CBO estimates that enacting H.R. 1511 would not increase 
net direct spending or on-budget deficits in any of the four 
consecutive 10-year periods beginning in 2029.
    H.R. 1511 contains no intergovernmental or private-sector 
mandates as defined in the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act (UMRA).
    Estimated cost to the Federal Government: The estimated 
budgetary effect of H.R. 1511 is shown in the following table. 
The costs of the legislation fall within budget function 600 
(income security).

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                               By fiscal year, in millions of dollars--
                                                    ------------------------------------------------------------
                                                       2019      2020      2021      2022      2023    2019-2023
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                 INCREASES IN SPENDING SUBJECT TO APPROPRIATION
 
Expand Eligibility for Continuum of Care Program:
    Estimated Authorization Level..................       102       208       319       434       555      1,618
    Estimated Outlays..............................         0        16        97       192       293        598
Data Collection:
    Estimated Authorization Level..................        39        40        41        42        43        205
    Estimated Outlays..............................         0         6        31        36        37        110
    Total Increases:
        Estimated Authorization Level..............       141       248       360       476       598      1,823
        Estimated Outlays..........................         0        22       128       228       330        708
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Basis of estimate: For this estimate, CBO assumes that H.R. 
1511 will be enacted near the end of 2018 and that future 
appropriations will be provided as estimated. CBO expects that 
outlays will follow historical spending patterns.
    CBO estimates that implementing H.R. 1511 would require 
appropriations of $1.8 billion over the 2019-2023 period and 
that outlays would total $708 million over the same period. The 
need for appropriations would continue after 2023.

Expand eligibility for the Continuum of Care Program

    The CoC Program makes grants to nonprofit providers and 
state and local governments to help homeless families and 
youth. H.R. 1511 would expand eligibility to include families 
and youth who are verified by a federal agency as doubled up.
    Under current law, households consisting of youth and 
families with children who are unsheltered or are living in 
permanent supportive housing, transitional housing, or 
emergency shelters are eligible for assistance. To be eligible, 
the household must meet certain income requirements and the 
following general conditions:
           The household must have moved at least twice 
        within the past 60 days,
           The household cannot have had a lease within 
        the past 60 days, and
           One member of the household must be disabled 
        or the head of the household must have multiple 
        barriers to employment.
    Using information from HUD, the Department of Education, 
and the Department of Health and Human Services, CBO estimates 
that in an average month in 2016, about 1 million people were 
eligible for assistance under the CoC Program and that the 
program funded the full cost of assistance for 13 percent of 
those households in that year. Under H.R. 1511, CBO estimates 
that, in an average month, an additional 800,000 children and 
youth, in 500,000 households, would be eligible for the 
program.
    H.R. 1511 would prohibit HUD from awarding CoC Program 
grants on the basis of the specific population that the 
applicants serve or the type of assistance provided, unless a 
grant applicant demonstrated that doing so would be the most 
effective way to reduce homelessness. Under current law, CoC 
Program funds are not used to serve doubled-up youth and 
families. CBO expects that, under the bill, about half of the 
grant recipients would serve doubled-up households and that it 
would take about five years to fully implement services for 
that group. By 2023, CBO expects, the program would assist 6 
percent (or 30,000 households) of the newly eligible 
population, or half the share of the eligible population that 
receives assistance under current law.
    The type of assistance that a doubled-up household would 
receive would vary depending on the needs of its members. 
Households consisting of youth or adults with no major barriers 
to employment or disabilities would probably receive less 
assistance than households whose members had disabilities or 
barriers to employment. Using information from the Census 
Bureau and HUD studies about the characteristics of doubled-up 
households and the costs of different types of housing 
assistance, CBO estimates that HUD would provide about $16,500 
in assistance for an average household in 2019. CBO estimates 
that implementing the bill would cost $598 million over the 
2019-2023 period, assuming appropriation of the necessary 
amounts.

Data collection

    H.R. 1511 also would require grant recipients that conduct 
counts of homeless people to count all of the people who meet 
the definition of homelessness, including those made eligible 
under the bill. In 2017, HUD awarded about $50 million to grant 
recipients to collect, use, and submit data on about 1 million 
homeless and formerly homeless people. CBO estimates that 
collecting and submitting data on the 800,000 people who would 
be newly eligible for CoC assistance under the bill would cost 
an additional $110 million over the 2019-2023 period.

Uncertainty

    CBO aims to produce estimates that generally reflect the 
middle of a range of the most likely budgetary outcomes that 
would result if the legislation was enacted. For legislation 
that would make households eligible for federal assistance, 
CBO's estimate of spending subject to appropriation is based on 
costs and historical spending patterns for that assistance. 
However, CBO cannot predict with certainty the amount of funds 
that the Congress would appropriate under the bill. If 
appropriations were not provided to implement H.R. 1511, fewer 
doubled up households, or fewer other homeless households, 
would be served.
    In addition, if the Congress did provide funds to implement 
the bill, spending under H.R. 1511 could be higher or lower 
than CBO's estimate for three reasons:
           First, CBO cannot precisely predict the 
        number of households that would become eligible for the 
        program. For example, CBO's estimate reflects 
        historical efforts by federal agencies to identify 
        doubled up households; if agencies' efforts to identify 
        those households are higher under the bill, spending 
        subject to appropriation would be higher.
           Second, CBO cannot precisely predict the 
        amount of funding that each household would receive. If 
        the average household has more or fewer barriers to 
        employment than CBO expected, estimated costs would 
        differ from those provided in CBO's cost estimate.
           Finally, CBO cannot foresee with certainty 
        the extent to which grantees would apply to serve newly 
        eligible households. If grantees preferred not to serve 
        those households, spending subject to appropriation 
        would be lower.
    Because of those uncertainties, the budgetary effects of 
enacting H.R. 1511 could differ significantly from those 
provided in CBO's cost estimate.
    Pay-As-You-Go considerations: None.
    Increase in long-term direct spending and deficits: CBO 
estimates that enacting H.R. 1511 would not increase net direct 
spending or on-budget deficits in any of the four consecutive 
10-year periods beginning in 2029.
    Mandates: H.R. 1511 contains no intergovernmental or 
private-sector mandates as defined in UMRA.
    Estimate prepared by: Federal costs: Elizabeth Cove 
Delisle; Mandates: Rachel Austin.
    Estimate reviewed by: Sheila Dacey, Chief, Income Security 
and Education Cost Estimates Unit; H. Samuel Papenfuss, Deputy 
Assistant Director for Budget Analysis; Theresa Gullo, 
Assistant Director for Budget Analysis.

                       Federal Mandates Statement

    This information is provided in accordance with section 423 
of the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act of 1995.
    The Committee has determined that the bill does not contain 
Federal mandates on the private sector. The Committee has 
determined that the bill does not impose a Federal 
intergovernmental mandate on State, local, or tribal 
governments.

                      Advisory Committee Statement

    No advisory committees within the meaning of section 5(b) 
of the Federal Advisory Committee Act were created by this 
legislation.

                  Applicability to Legislative Branch

    The Committee finds that the legislation does not relate to 
the terms and conditions of employment or access to public 
services or accommodations within the meaning of the section 
102(b)(3) of the Congressional Accountability Act.

                         Earmark Identification

    With respect to clause 9 of rule XXI of the Rules of the 
House of Representatives, the Committee has carefully reviewed 
the provisions of the bill and states that the provisions of 
the bill do not contain any congressional earmarks, limited tax 
benefits, or limited tariff benefits within the meaning of the 
rule.

                    Duplication of Federal Programs

    In compliance with clause 3(c)(5) of rule XIII of the Rules 
of the House of Representatives, the Committee states that no 
provision of the bill establishes or reauthorizes: (1) a 
program of the Federal Government known to be duplicative of 
another Federal program; (2) a program included in any report 
from the Government Accountability Office to Congress pursuant 
to section 21 of Public Law 111-139; or (3) a program related 
to a program identified in the most recent Catalog of Federal 
Domestic Assistance, published pursuant to the Federal Program 
Information Act (Pub. L. No. 95-220, as amended by Pub. L. No. 
98-169).

                   Disclosure of Directed Rulemaking

    Pursuant to section 3(i) of H. Res. 5, (115th Congress), 
the following statement is made concerning directed rule 
makings: The Committee estimates that the bill requires no 
directed rule makings within the meaning of such section.

             Section-by-Section Analysis of the Legislation


Section 1. Short title

    This section titles the bill as the Homeless Children and 
Youth Act of 2017.

Section 2. Amendments to the McKinney-Vento Homeless Assistance Act

    Section 2 amends Sections 103, 401, 402, 409, 422, 424, 
426, 427, 428 and 434 of the McKinney Vento Homeless Assistance 
Act.
            General definition of homeless individual
    Amends section 103 of the McKinney-Vento Homeless 
Assistance Act to permit programs under the Department of 
Housing and Urban Development (HUD) McKinney-Vento Homeless 
Assistance Act (herein referred as ``McKinney Vento Act'') to 
serve individuals or families who have a court order or 
credible evidence that they will lose their housing within 30 
days; removes a standard regarding people living in motels, by 
clarifying that such situations are ``homeless'' regardless of 
how they are funded; allows programs under the McKinney Vento 
Act to serve homeless children and youth if they have been 
verified as homeless under another federal program, eliminating 
requirements to prove length of homelessness, frequency of 
moves, and chronic disabilities, histories of abuse or other 
barriers; and, prohibits HUD from issuing regulations on the 
definition of homelessness or issuing any statement that has 
the effect of restricting eligibility for programs under the 
McKinney Vento Act for any individual defined as homeless for 
any program or program component.
            Definitions
    Amends section 401 of the McKinney-Vento Homeless 
Assistance Act to incorporate the definition of ``homeless 
youth'' under the Runaway and Homeless Youth Act into programs 
under the McKinney Vento Act eligibility (youth under age 22 
who cannot live safely with a parent, legal guardian, or 
relative and has no other safe alternative living arrangement); 
extends eligibility for programs under the McKinney Vento Act 
to a child or youth who has been verified as homeless under 
another federal program; amends the definition of ``chronically 
homeless'' by including people who are homeless under certain 
federal programs or including a dependent child with a 
disabling condition; amends the definition of ``Underserved 
populations'' to include children under age five, as well as 
youth and young adults between the ages of 14 and 25; and, 
includes victims of trafficking in the definitions of ``Victim 
service provider'' and ``Victim services.''
            Collaborative applicants
    Amends section 402 of the McKinney Vento Act to require 
collaborative applicants to consider the prevalence and needs 
of homeless individuals meeting any part of the homeless 
definition when establishing priorities for funding projects in 
the geographic area; and, requires collaborative applicants to 
submit Homeless Management Information System (HMIS) data to 
the HUD Secretary on at least an annual basis.
            Availability of Homeless Management Information System 
                    (HMIS) data
    Amends section 409 of the McKinney Vento Act to require HUD 
to make aggregate HMIS data publically available on HUD's 
website, updated at least annually, and to include cumulative 
counts, cumulative assessments of patterns of assistance for 
each geographic area, counts by each collaborative applicant, 
and counts of women by age range, disability, and length of 
time homeless.
            Continuum of care applications and grants
    Amends section 422 of the McKinney Vento Act to restrict 
the HUD Secretary from awarding greater priority, points, or 
weight based solely on the specific homeless population to be 
served or the proposed housing or service model; requires the 
HUD Secretary to ensure that scoring is based primarily on the 
extent to which the applicant demonstrates that the project and 
program components would meet the priorities identified in the 
local plan, and are cost-effective in meeting the overall goals 
and objectives identified in the local plan; requires 
applications for grants to demonstrate local, needs-based 
priorities for funding projects in the geographic area; and, 
eliminates arbitrary and extraneous limitations, restrictions, 
and requirements for serving persons defined as homeless under 
other federal laws.
            High performing communities
    Amends Section 424 of the McKinney Vento Act to eliminate 
additional arbitrary and extraneous requirements for serving 
people defined as homeless under other federal laws.
            Supportive services
    Amends section 425 of the McKinney Vento Act to add 
transportation as an eligible activity, including 
transportation to employment, early care and education 
programs, career and technical education programs, and health 
and mental health care services.
            Program Requirement
    Amends section 426 of the McKinney Vento Act to add child 
care, career and technical education to the types of services 
that designated staff in programs serving families or youth 
must connect children and youth; requires programs to ensure 
unaccompanied homeless youth are informed of their status as 
independent students for financial aid purposes and receive 
verification of that status; requires collaborative applicants 
to monitor and report on compliance with confidentiality and 
education certifications; and, adds ``unaccompanied youth'' to 
current law requirements to take the educational needs of 
children and youth into account when families or youth are 
placed in emergency or transitional shelters, so as not to 
disrupt their education.
            Selection criteria
    Amends Section 427 of the McKinney Vento Act to eliminate 
additional arbitrary and extraneous requirements for serving 
people defined as homeless under other federal laws; includes 
among the criteria upon which the HUD Secretary must make 
competitive grants:
    (1) a description of how the recipient will collaborate 
with early care and education agencies and institutions of 
higher education, as well as local educational agencies; the 
steps the recipient will take to inform families and youth of 
their eligibility for early care and education services under 
other federal laws; and how the recipient will ensure full 
implementation of this provision; and
    (2) for communities that establish and operate a 
centralized or coordinated assessment system, the extent to 
which that system ensures that those most in need of assistance 
receive it; use separate, specific age-appropriate criteria to 
assess the safety and needs of children and youth that are not 
related to how the child or youth meet the definition of 
homeless; is accessible to unaccompanied youth and families; 
divert people to safe, stable, age-appropriate accommodations; 
and include youth service providers, local educational 
agencies, early childhood programs, affordable housing 
developers, and mental health organizations.
    This section also allows the HUD Secretary to include other 
factors in national competitions, so long as those factors do 
not prioritize populations or program models unless justified 
by local data or information contained in local plans; and 
requires that if communities conduct annual counts of homeless 
people, they count individuals that meet any part of the 
definition of homelessness.
            Allocations of amounts and incentives for specific eligible 
                    activities
    Amends section 428 of the McKinney-Vento Homeless 
Assistance Act by adding homeless families with a disabled 
child to the populations to be served from the minimum 
allocation for permanent housing; removes the categorical 
designation of certain program models as being ``proven to be 
effective at reducing homelessness''; specifies that activities 
are ``proven to be effective at reducing homelessness'' if, 
based on research and after notice and an opportunity for 
public comment, the research has been proven to be effective at 
reducing homelessness generally, for a specific population, for 
an overrepresented population, or for achieving homeless 
prevention and promoting independent living goals; and, in 
providing bonuses or incentives, requires the HUD Secretary to 
encourage implementation of proven strategies and innovation in 
reducing homelessness among the local priority populations 
identified in the local plan; and, prohibits the HUD Secretary 
from implementing bonuses or incentives that promote a national 
priority established by the HUD Secretary.
            Reports to Congress
    Amends section 434 of the McKinney-Vento Homeless 
Assistance Act to require the annual report submitted by the 
HUD Secretary to include the HMIS data that is made publically 
available and data on programs funded under certain other 
federal statutes.

         Changes in Existing Law Made by the Bill, as Reported

    In compliance with clause 3(e) of rule XIII of the Rules of 
the House of Representatives, changes in existing law made by 
the bill, as reported, are shown as follows (existing law 
proposed to be omitted is enclosed in black brackets, new 
matter is printed in italic, and existing law in which no 
change is proposed is shown in roman):

         Changes in Existing Law Made by the Bill, as Reported

  In compliance with clause 3(e) of rule XIII of the Rules of 
the House of Representatives, changes in existing law made by 
the bill, as reported, are shown as follows (existing law 
proposed to be omitted is enclosed in black brackets, new 
matter is printed in italic, and existing law in which no 
change is proposed is shown in roman):

                 MCKINNEY-VENTO HOMELESS ASSISTANCE ACT

                      TITLE I--GENERAL PROVISIONS

SECTION 101. SHORT TITLE AND TABLE OF CONTENTS.

  (a) Short Title.--This Act may be cited as the ``McKinney-
Vento Homeless Assistance Act''.
  (b) Table Of Contents.--

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


                      TITLE IV--HOUSING ASSISTANCE

                     Subtitle A--General Provisions

Sec. 401. Definitions.
     * * * * * * *
Sec. 409. Availability of HMIS data.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


SEC. 103. GENERAL DEFINITION OF HOMELESS INDIVIDUAL.

  (a) In General.--For purposes of this Act, the terms 
``homeless'', ``homeless individual'', and ``homeless person'' 
means--
          (1) an individual or family who lacks a fixed, 
        regular, and adequate nighttime residence;
          (2) an individual or family with a primary nighttime 
        residence that is a public or private place not 
        designed for or ordinarily used as a regular sleeping 
        accommodation for human beings, including a car, park, 
        abandoned building, bus or train station, airport, or 
        camping ground;
          (3) an individual or family living in a supervised 
        publicly or privately operated shelter designated to 
        provide temporary living arrangements (including hotels 
        and motels paid for by Federal, State, or local 
        government programs for low-income individuals or by 
        charitable organizations, congregate shelters, and 
        transitional housing);
          (4) an individual who resided in a shelter or place 
        not meant for human habitation and who is exiting an 
        institution where he or she temporarily resided;
          (5) an individual or family who--
                  (A) will imminently lose their housing, 
                including housing they own, rent, or live in 
                without paying rent, [are sharing with others, 
                and rooms in hotels or motels not paid for by 
                Federal, State, or local government programs 
                for low-income individuals or by charitable 
                organizations,] as evidenced by--
                          (i) a court order resulting from an 
                        eviction action that notifies the 
                        individual or family that they must 
                        leave within [14 days] 30 days; or
                          [(ii) the individual or family having 
                        a primary nighttime residence that is a 
                        room in a hotel or motel and where they 
                        lack the resources necessary to reside 
                        there for more than 14 days; or]
                          [(iii)] (ii) credible evidence 
                        indicating that the owner or renter of 
                        the housing will not allow the 
                        individual or family to stay for more 
                        than [14 days] 30 days, and any oral 
                        statement from an individual or family 
                        seeking homeless assistance that is 
                        found to be credible shall be 
                        considered credible evidence for 
                        purposes of this clause;
                  (B) has no subsequent residence identified; 
                and
                  (C) lacks the resources or support networks 
                needed to obtain other permanent housing; and
          [(6) unaccompanied youth and homeless families with 
        children and youth defined as homeless under other 
        Federal statutes who--
                  [(A) have experienced a long term period 
                without living independently in permanent 
                housing,
                  [(B) have experienced persistent instability 
                as measured by frequent moves over such period, 
                and
                  [(C) can be expected to continue in such 
                status for an extended period of time because 
                of chronic disabilities, chronic physical 
                health or mental health conditions, substance 
                addiction, histories of domestic violence or 
                childhood abuse, the presence of a child or 
                youth with a disability, or multiple barriers 
                to employment.]
          (6) a child or youth defined as homeless under 
        another Federal program who, without further action by 
        the Department of Housing and Urban Development, has 
        been verified as homeless under another Federal program 
        by the director, designee of the director, or other 
        person responsible for the implementation of a program 
        established under this Act or any other Federal 
        statute.
  (b) Domestic Violence and Other Dangerous or Life-Threatening 
Conditions.--Notwithstanding any other provision of this 
section, the Secretary shall consider to be homeless any 
individual or family who is fleeing, or is attempting to flee, 
domestic violence, dating violence, sexual assault, stalking, 
or other dangerous or life-threatening conditions in the 
individual's or family's current housing situation, including 
where the health and safety of children are jeopardized, and 
who have no other residence and lack the resources or support 
networks to obtain other permanent housing.
  (c) Income Eligibility.--
          (1) In general.--A homeless individual shall be 
        eligible for assistance under any program provided by 
        this Act, only if the individual complies with the 
        income eligibility requirements otherwise applicable to 
        such program.
          (2) Exception.--Notwithstanding paragraph (1), a 
        homeless individual shall be eligible for assistance 
        under title I of the Workforce Innovation and 
        Opportunity Act.
  (d) Exclusion.--For purposes of this Act, the term 
``homeless'' or ``homeless individual'' does not include any 
individual imprisoned or otherwise detained pursuant to an Act 
of the Congress or a State law.
  (e) Persons Experiencing Homelessness.--Any references in 
this Act to homeless individuals (including homeless persons) 
or homeless groups (including homeless persons) shall be 
considered to include, and to refer to, individuals 
experiencing homelessness or groups experiencing homelessness, 
respectively.
  (f) Other Definitions.--In this section--
          (1) the term ``child or youth defined as homeless 
        under another Federal program'' has the meaning given 
        the term in section 401; and
          (2) the term ``other Federal statute'' has the 
        meaning given the term in section 401.
  (g) Prohibition.--The Secretary of Housing and Urban 
Development may not--
          (1) promulgate any rule with respect to the 
        definition of the terms ``homeless'', ``homeless 
        individual'', and ``homeless person'' in subsection 
        (a); or
          (2) issue non-regulatory guidance or set forth in an 
        application, a notice of funding availability, or other 
        publication or advisory any statement or provision 
        that--
                  (A) has the effect of restricting eligibility 
                for assistance for any individual defined as 
                ``homeless'' under subsection (a) for any 
                program or program component under this Act; or
                  (B) purports to be legally binding.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


                      TITLE IV--HOUSING ASSISTANCE

                     Subtitle A--General Provisions

SEC. 401. DEFINITIONS.

   For purposes of this title:
          (1) At risk of homelessness.--The term ``at risk of 
        homelessness'' means, with respect to an individual or 
        family, that the individual or family--
                  (A) has income below 30 percent of median 
                income for the geographic area;
                  (B) has insufficient resources immediately 
                available to attain housing stability; and
                  (C)(i) has moved frequently because of 
                economic reasons;
                  [(ii) is living in the home of another 
                because of economic hardship;]
                  [(iii)] (ii) has been notified that their 
                right to occupy their current housing or living 
                situation will be terminated;
                  [(iv) lives in a hotel or motel;]
                  [(v)] (iii) lives in severely overcrowded 
                housing;
                  [(vi)] (iv) is exiting an institution; or
                  [(vii)] (v) otherwise lives in housing that 
                has characteristics associated with instability 
                and an increased risk of homelessness.
                [Such term includes all families with children 
                and youth defined as homeless under other 
                Federal statutes.]
          (2) Child or youth defined as homeless under another 
        federal program.--The term ``child or youth defined as 
        homeless under another Federal program'' means--
                  (A) a homeless child or youth, as defined in 
                section 725, including any parent or guardian 
                with whom the child or youth is living; and
                  (B) a youth who--
                          (i) is not more than 22 years of age;
                          (ii) cannot live safely with a 
                        parent, legal guardian, or relative; 
                        and
                          (iii) has no other safe alternative 
                        living arrangement.
          [(2)] (3) Chronically homeless.--
                  (A) In general.--The term ``chronically 
                homeless'' means, with respect to an individual 
                or family, that the individual or family--
                          (i) is homeless [and lives or resides 
                        in a place not meant for human 
                        habitation, a safe haven, or in an 
                        emergency shelter] under any provision 
                        of section 103;
                          (ii) has been homeless and living or 
                        residing in a place not meant for human 
                        habitation, a safe haven, or in an 
                        emergency shelter continuously for at 
                        least 1 year or on at least 4 separate 
                        occasions in the last 3 years; and
                          (iii) has an adult head of household 
                        [(or a minor head of household if no 
                        adult is present in the household)], a 
                        minor head of household (if no adult is 
                        present in the household), or a child 
                        with a diagnosable substance use 
                        disorder, serious mental illness, 
                        developmental disability (as defined in 
                        section 102 of the Developmental 
                        Disabilities Assistance and Bill of 
                        Rights Act of 2000 (42 U.S.C. 15002)), 
                        post traumatic stress disorder, 
                        cognitive impairments resulting from a 
                        brain injury, or chronic physical 
                        illness or disability, including the 
                        co-occurrence of 2 or more of those 
                        conditions.
                  (B) Rule of construction.--A person who 
                currently lives or resides in an institutional 
                care facility, including a jail, substance 
                abuse or mental health treatment facility, 
                hospital or other similar facility, and has 
                resided there for fewer than 90 days shall be 
                considered chronically homeless if such person 
                met all of the requirements described in 
                subparagraph (A) prior to entering that 
                facility.
          [(3)] (4) Collaborative applicant.--The term 
        ``collaborative applicant'' means an entity that--
                  (A) carries out the duties specified in 
                section 402;
                  (B) serves as the applicant for project 
                sponsors who jointly submit a single 
                application for a grant under subtitle C in 
                accordance with a collaborative process; and
                  (C) if the entity is a legal entity and is 
                awarded such grant, receives such grant 
                directly from the Secretary.
          [(4)] (5) Collaborative application.--The term 
        ``collaborative application'' means an application for 
        a grant under subtitle C that--
                  (A) satisfies section 422; and
                  (B) is submitted to the Secretary by a 
                collaborative applicant.
          [(5)] (6) Consolidated plan.--The term ``Consolidated 
        Plan'' means a comprehensive housing affordability 
        strategy and community development plan required in 
        part 91 of title 24, Code of Federal Regulations.
          [(6)] (7) Eligible entity.--The term ``eligible 
        entity'' means, with respect to a subtitle, a public 
        entity, a private entity, or an entity that is a 
        combination of public and private entities, that is 
        eligible to directly receive grant amounts under such 
        subtitle.
          [(7) Families with children and youth defined as 
        homeless under other federal statutes.--The term 
        ``families with children and youth defined as homeless 
        under other Federal statutes'' means any children or 
        youth that are defined as ``homeless'' under any 
        Federal statute other than this subtitle, but are not 
        defined as homeless under section 103, and shall also 
        include the parent, parents, or guardian of such 
        children or youth under subtitle B of title VII this 
        Act (42 U.S.C. 11431 et seq.).]
          (8) Geographic area.--The term ``geographic area'' 
        means a State, metropolitan city, urban county, town, 
        village, or other nonentitlement area, or a combination 
        or consortia of such, in the United States, as 
        described in section 106 of the Housing and Community 
        Development Act of 1974 (42 U.S.C. 5306).
          (9) Homeless individual with a disability.--
                  (A) In general.--The term ``homeless 
                individual with a disability'' means an 
                individual who is homeless, as defined in any 
                provision of section 103, and has a disability 
                that--
                          (i)(I) is expected to be long-
                        continuing or of indefinite duration;
                          (II) substantially impedes the 
                        individual's ability to live 
                        independently;
                          (III) could be improved by the 
                        provision of more suitable housing 
                        conditions; and
                          (IV) is a physical, mental, or 
                        emotional impairment, including an 
                        impairment caused by alcohol or drug 
                        abuse, post traumatic stress disorder, 
                        or brain injury;
                          (ii) is a developmental disability, 
                        as defined in section 102 of the 
                        Developmental Disabilities Assistance 
                        and Bill of Rights Act of 2000 (42 
                        U.S.C. 15002); or
                          (iii) is the disease of acquired 
                        immunodeficiency syndrome or any 
                        condition arising from the etiologic 
                        agency for acquired immunodeficiency 
                        syndrome.
                  (B) Rule.--Nothing in clause (iii) of 
                subparagraph (A) shall be construed to limit 
                eligibility under clause (i) or (ii) of 
                subparagraph (A).
          (10) Legal entity.--The term ``legal entity'' means--
                  (A) an entity described in section 501(c)(3) 
                of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 (26 U.S.C. 
                501(c)(3)) and exempt from tax under section 
                501(a) of such Code;
                  (B) an instrumentality of State or local 
                government; or
                  (C) a consortium of instrumentalities of 
                State or local governments that has constituted 
                itself as an entity.
          (11) Metropolitan city; urban county; nonentitlement 
        area.--The terms ``metropolitan city'', ``urban 
        county'', and ``nonentitlement area'' have the meanings 
        given such terms in section 102(a) of the Housing and 
        Community Development Act of 1974 (42 U.S.C. 5302(a)).
          (12) New.--The term ``new'' means, with respect to 
        housing, that no assistance has been provided under 
        this title for the housing.
          (13) Operating costs.--The term ``operating costs'' 
        means expenses incurred by a project sponsor operating 
        transitional housing or permanent housing under this 
        title with respect to--
                  (A) the administration, maintenance, repair, 
                and security of such housing;
                  (B) utilities, fuel, furnishings, and 
                equipment for such housing; or
                  (C) coordination of services as needed to 
                ensure long-term housing stability.
          (14) Other federal statute.--The term ``other Federal 
        statute'' includes--
                  (A) the Runaway and Homeless Youth Act (42 
                U.S.C. 5701 et seq.);
                  (B) the Head Start Act (42 U.S.C. 9831 et 
                seq.);
                  (C) the Child Care and Development Block 
                Grant of 1990 (42 U.S.C. 9858 et seq.);
                  (D) subtitle N of the Violence Against Women 
                Act of 1994 (42 U.S.C. 14043e et seq.);
                  (E) section 330(h) of the Public Health 
                Service Act (42 U.S.C. 254b(h));
                  (F) section 17 of the Child Nutrition Act of 
                1966 (42 U.S.C. 1786);
                  (G) the Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 
                U.S.C. 1001 et seq.); and
                  (H) the United States Housing Act of 1937 (42 
                U.S.C. 1437 et seq.).
          [(14)] (15) Outpatient health services.--The term 
        ``outpatient health services'' means outpatient health 
        care services, mental health services, and outpatient 
        substance abuse services.
          [(15)] (16) Permanent housing.--The term ``permanent 
        housing'' means community-based housing without a 
        designated length of stay, and includes both permanent 
        supportive housing and permanent housing without 
        supportive services.
          [(16)] (17) Personally identifying information.--The 
        term ``personally identifying information'' means 
        individually identifying information for or about an 
        individual, including information likely to disclose 
        the location of a victim of domestic violence, dating 
        violence, sexual assault, or stalking, including--
                  (A) a first and last name;
                  (B) a home or other physical address;
                  (C) contact information (including a postal, 
                e-mail or Internet protocol address, or 
                telephone or facsimile number);
                  (D) a social security number; and
                  (E) any other information, including date of 
                birth, racial or ethnic background, or 
                religious affiliation, that, in combination 
                with any other non-personally identifying 
                information, would serve to identify any 
                individual.
          [(17)] (18) Private nonprofit organization.--The term 
        ``private nonprofit organization'' means an 
        organization--
                  (A) no part of the net earnings of which 
                inures to the benefit of any member, founder, 
                contributor, or individual;
                  (B) that has a voluntary board;
                  (C) that has an accounting system, or has 
                designated a fiscal agent in accordance with 
                requirements established by the Secretary; and
                  (D) that practices nondiscrimination in the 
                provision of assistance.
          [(18)] (19) Project.--The term ``project'' means, 
        with respect to activities carried out under subtitle 
        C, eligible activities described in section 423(a), 
        undertaken pursuant to a specific endeavor, such as 
        serving a particular population or providing a 
        particular resource.
          [(19)] (20) Project-based.--The term ``project-
        based'' means, with respect to rental assistance, that 
        the assistance is provided pursuant to a contract 
        that--
                  (A) is between--
                          (i) the recipient or a project 
                        sponsor; and
                          (ii) an owner of a structure that 
                        exists as of the date the contract is 
                        entered into; and
                  (B) provides that rental assistance payments 
                shall be made to the owner and that the units 
                in the structure shall be occupied by eligible 
                persons for not less than the term of the 
                contract.
          [(20)] (21) Project sponsor.--The term ``project 
        sponsor'' means, with respect to proposed eligible 
        activities, the organization directly responsible for 
        carrying out the proposed eligible activities.
          [(21)] (22) Recipient.--Except as used in subtitle B, 
        the term ``recipient'' means an eligible entity who--
                  (A) submits an application for a grant under 
                section 422 that is approved by the Secretary;
                  (B) receives the grant directly from the 
                Secretary to support approved projects 
                described in the application; and
                  (C)(i) serves as a project sponsor for the 
                projects; or
                  (ii) awards the funds to project sponsors to 
                carry out the projects.
          [(22)] (23) Secretary.--The term ``Secretary'' means 
        the Secretary of Housing and Urban Development.
          [(23)] (24) Serious mental illness.--The term 
        ``serious mental illness'' means a severe and 
        persistent mental illness or emotional impairment that 
        seriously limits a person's ability to live 
        independently.
          [(24)] (25) Solo applicant.--The term ``solo 
        applicant'' means an entity that is an eligible entity, 
        directly submits an application for a grant under 
        subtitle C to the Secretary, and, if awarded such 
        grant, receives such grant directly from the Secretary.
          [(25)] (26) Sponsor-based.--The term ``sponsor-
        based'' means, with respect to rental assistance, that 
        the assistance is provided pursuant to a contract 
        that--
                  (A) is between--
                          (i) the recipient or a project 
                        sponsor; and
                          (ii) an independent entity that--
                                  (I) is a private 
                                organization; and
                                  (II) owns or leases dwelling 
                                units; and
                  (B) provides that rental assistance payments 
                shall be made to the independent entity and 
                that eligible persons shall occupy such 
                assisted units.
          [(26)] (27) State.--Except as used in subtitle B, the 
        term ``State'' means each of the several States, the 
        District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, 
        the United States Virgin Islands, Guam, American Samoa, 
        the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, the 
        Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands, and any other 
        territory or possession of the United States.
          [(27)] (28) Supportive services.--The term 
        ``supportive services'' means services that address the 
        special needs of people served by a project, 
        including--
                  (A) the establishment and operation of a 
                child care services program for families 
                experiencing homelessness;
                  (B) the establishment and operation of an 
                employment assistance program, including 
                providing job training;
                  (C) the provision of outpatient health 
                services, food, and case management;
                  (D) the provision of assistance in obtaining 
                permanent housing, employment counseling, and 
                nutritional counseling;
                  (E) the provision of outreach services, 
                advocacy, life skills training, and housing 
                search and counseling services;
                  (F) the provision of mental health services, 
                trauma counseling, and victim services;
                  (G) the provision of assistance in obtaining 
                other Federal, State, and local assistance 
                available for residents of supportive housing 
                (including mental health benefits, employment 
                counseling, and medical assistance, but not 
                including major medical equipment);
                  (H) the provision of legal services for 
                purposes including requesting reconsiderations 
                and appeals of veterans and public benefit 
                claim denials and resolving outstanding 
                warrants that interfere with an individual's 
                ability to obtain and retain housing;
                  (I) the provision of--
                          (i) transportation services that 
                        facilitate an individual's ability to 
                        obtain and maintain employment; and
                          (ii) health care; and
                  (J) other supportive services necessary to 
                obtain and maintain housing.
          [(28)] (29) Tenant-based.--The term ``tenant-based'' 
        means, with respect to rental assistance, assistance 
        that--
                  (A) allows an eligible person to select a 
                housing unit in which such person will live 
                using rental assistance provided under subtitle 
                C, except that if necessary to assure that the 
                provision of supportive services to a person 
                participating in a program is feasible, a 
                recipient or project sponsor may require that 
                the person live--
                          (i) in a particular structure or unit 
                        for not more than the first year of the 
                        participation;
                          (ii) within a particular geographic 
                        area for the full period of the 
                        participation, or the period remaining 
                        after the period referred to in 
                        subparagraph (A); and
                  (B) provides that a person may receive such 
                assistance and move to another structure, unit, 
                or geographic area if the person has complied 
                with all other obligations of the program and 
                has moved out of the assisted dwelling unit in 
                order to protect the health or safety of an 
                individual who is or has been the victim of 
                domestic violence, dating violence, sexual 
                assault, or stalking, and who reasonably 
                believed he or she was imminently threatened by 
                harm from further violence if he or she 
                remained in the assisted dwelling unit.
          [(29)] (30) Transitional housing.--The term 
        ``transitional housing'' means housing the purpose of 
        which is to facilitate the movement of individuals and 
        families experiencing homelessness to permanent housing 
        within 24 months or such longer period as the Secretary 
        determines necessary.
          [(30)] (31) Unified funding agency.--The term 
        ``unified funding agency'' means a collaborative 
        applicant that performs the duties described in section 
        402(g).
          [(31)] (32) Underserved populations.--The term 
        ``underserved populations'' includes populations 
        underserved because of geographic location, underserved 
        racial and ethnic populations, populations underserved 
        because of special needs (such as language barriers, 
        disabilities, alienage status, or age), children under 
        5 years of age, youth and young adults between 14 and 
        25 years of age, and any other population determined to 
        be underserved by the Secretary, as appropriate.
          [(32)] (33) Victim service provider.--The term 
        ``victim service provider'' means a private nonprofit 
        organization whose primary mission is to provide 
        services to victims of trafficking, domestic violence, 
        dating violence, sexual assault, or stalking. Such term 
        includes rape crisis centers, battered women's 
        shelters, domestic violence transitional housing 
        programs, and other programs.
          [(33)] (34) Victim services.--The term ``victim 
        services'' means services that assist victims of 
        trafficking, domestic violence, dating violence, sexual 
        assault, or [stalking victims] stalking, including 
        services offered by rape crisis centers and domestic 
        violence shelters, and other organizations, with a 
        documented history of effective work concerning 
        trafficking, domestic violence, dating violence, sexual 
        assault, or stalking.

SEC. 402. COLLABORATIVE APPLICANTS.

  (a) Establishment and Designation.--A collaborative applicant 
shall be established for a geographic area by the relevant 
parties in that geographic area to--
          (1) submit an application for amounts under this 
        subtitle; and
          (2) perform the duties specified in subsection (f) 
        and, if applicable, subsection (g).
  (b) No Requirement To Be a Legal Entity.--An entity may be 
established to serve as a collaborative applicant under this 
section without being a legal entity.
  (c) Remedial Action.--If the Secretary finds that a 
collaborative applicant for a geographic area does not meet the 
requirements of this section, or if there is no collaborative 
applicant for a geographic area, the Secretary may take 
remedial action to ensure fair distribution of grant amounts 
under subtitle C to eligible entities within that area. Such 
measures may include designating another body as a 
collaborative applicant, or permitting other eligible entities 
to apply directly for grants.
  (d) Construction.--Nothing in this section shall be construed 
to displace conflict of interest or government fair practices 
laws, or their equivalent, that govern applicants for grant 
amounts under subtitles B and C.
  (e) Appointment of Agent.--
          (1) In general.--Subject to paragraph (2), a 
        collaborative applicant may designate an agent to--
                  (A) apply for a grant under section 422(c);
                  (B) receive and distribute grant funds 
                awarded under subtitle C; and
                  (C) perform other administrative duties.
          (2) Retention of duties.--Any collaborative applicant 
        that designates an agent pursuant to paragraph (1) 
        shall regardless of such designation retain all of its 
        duties and responsibilities under this title.
  (f) Duties.--A collaborative applicant shall--
          (1) design a collaborative process for the 
        development of an application under subtitle C, and for 
        evaluating the outcomes of projects for which funds are 
        awarded under subtitle B, in such a manner as to 
        provide information necessary for the Secretary--
                  (A) to determine compliance with--
                          (i) the program requirements under 
                        section 426; and
                          (ii) the selection criteria described 
                        under section 427; and
                  (B) to establish priorities for funding 
                projects in the geographic area involved 
                considering the prevalence and needs of 
                homeless individuals, as defined under any 
                provision of section 103;
          (2) participate in the Consolidated Plan for the 
        geographic area served by the collaborative applicant; 
        and
          (3) ensure operation of, and consistent participation 
        by, project sponsors in a community-wide homeless 
        management information system (in this subsection 
        referred to as ``HMIS'') that--
                  (A) collects unduplicated counts of 
                individuals and families experiencing 
                homelessness;
                  (B) analyzes patterns of use of assistance 
                provided under subtitles B and C for the 
                geographic area involved;
                  (C) provides information to project sponsors 
                and applicants for needs analyses and funding 
                priorities; and
                  (D) is developed in accordance with standards 
                established by the Secretary, including 
                standards that provide for--
                          (i) encryption of data collected for 
                        purposes of HMIS;
                          (ii) documentation, including keeping 
                        an accurate accounting, proper usage, 
                        and disclosure, of HMIS data;
                          (iii) access to HMIS data by staff, 
                        contractors, law enforcement, and 
                        academic researchers;
                          (iv) rights of persons receiving 
                        services under this title;
                          (v) criminal and civil penalties for 
                        unlawful disclosure of data; [and]
                          (vi) the submission of HMIS data to 
                        the Secretary on at least an annual 
                        basis; and
                          [(vi)] (vii) such other standards as 
                        may be determined necessary by the 
                        Secretary.
  (g) Unified Funding.--
          (1) In general.--In addition to the duties described 
        in subsection (f), a collaborative applicant shall 
        receive from the Secretary and distribute to other 
        project sponsors in the applicable geographic area 
        funds for projects to be carried out by such other 
        project sponsors, if--
                  (A) the collaborative applicant--
                          (i) applies to undertake such 
                        collection and distribution 
                        responsibilities in an application 
                        submitted under this subtitle; and
                          (ii) is selected to perform such 
                        responsibilities by the Secretary; or
                  (B) the Secretary designates the 
                collaborative applicant as the unified funding 
                agency in the geographic area, after--
                          (i) a finding by the Secretary that 
                        the applicant--
                                  (I) has the capacity to 
                                perform such responsibilities; 
                                and
                                  (II) would serve the purposes 
                                of this Act as they apply to 
                                the geographic area; and
                          (ii) the Secretary provides the 
                        collaborative applicant with the 
                        technical assistance necessary to 
                        perform such responsibilities as such 
                        assistance is agreed to by the 
                        collaborative applicant.
          (2) Required actions by a unified funding agency.--A 
        collaborative applicant that is either selected or 
        designated as a unified funding agency for a geographic 
        area under paragraph (1) shall--
                  (A) require each project sponsor who is 
                funded by a grant received under subtitle C to 
                establish such fiscal control and fund 
                accounting procedures as may be necessary to 
                assure the proper disbursal of, and accounting 
                for, Federal funds awarded to the project 
                sponsor under subtitle C in order to ensure 
                that all financial transactions carried out 
                under subtitle C are conducted, and records 
                maintained, in accordance with generally 
                accepted accounting principles; and
                  (B) arrange for an annual survey, audit, or 
                evaluation of the financial records of each 
                project carried out by a project sponsor funded 
                by a grant received under subtitle C.
  (h) Conflict of Interest.--No board member of a collaborative 
applicant may participate in decisions of the collaborative 
applicant concerning the award of a grant, or provision of 
other financial benefits, to such member or the organization 
that such member represents.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


SEC. 409. AVAILABILITY OF HMIS DATA.

  (a) In General.--The community-wide homeless management 
information system (in this section referred to as ``HMIS'') 
data provided to the Secretary under section 402(f)(3)(D)(vi) 
shall be made publically available on the Internet website of 
the Department of Housing and Urban Development.
  (b) Required Data.--The data publically available under 
subsection (a) shall be updated on at least an annual basis and 
shall include--
          (1) a cumulative count of the number of homeless 
        individuals and families, as defined under any 
        provision of section 103;
          (2) a cumulative assessment of the patterns of 
        assistance provided under subtitles B and C for the 
        each geographic area involved;
          (3) a count of the number of homeless individuals and 
        families, as defined under any provision of section 
        103, that are documented through the HMIS by each 
        collaborative applicant; and
          (4) a count of the number of homeless women, as 
        defined under any provision of section 103 and both 
        unaccompanied and accompanied, including a breakout of 
        the count by--
                  (A) age range;
                  (B) disability; and
                   (C) length of time experiencing 
                homelessness.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


Subtitle C--Continuum of Care Program

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


SEC. 422. CONTINUUM OF CARE APPLICATIONS AND GRANTS.

  (a) Projects.--[The Secretary]
          (1) In general._The Secretary  shall award grants, on 
        a competitive basis, and using the selection criteria 
        described in section 427, to carry out eligible 
        activities under this subtitle for projects that meet 
        the program requirements under section 426, either by 
        directly awarding funds to project sponsors or by 
        awarding funds to unified funding agencies.
          (2) Restrictions.--In awarding grants under paragraph 
        (1), the Secretary--
                  (A) may not award greater priority, points, 
                or weight in scoring based solely on the 
                specific homeless populations proposed to be 
                served by the applicant, or the proposed 
                program component or housing or service model; 
                and
                  (B) shall ensure that scoring is based 
                primarily on the extent to which the applicant 
                demonstrates that the project and program 
                components--
                          (i) would meet the priorities 
                        identified in the plan submitted under 
                        section 427(b)(1)(B); and
                          (ii) are cost-effective in meeting 
                        the overall goals and objectives 
                        identified in that plan.
  (b) Notification of Funding Availability.--[The Secretary]
          (1) In general._The Secretary  shall release a 
        notification of funding availability for grants awarded 
        under this subtitle for a fiscal year not later than 3 
        months after the date of the enactment of the 
        appropriate Act making appropriations for the 
        Department of Housing and Urban Development for such 
        fiscal year.
          (2) Restrictions.--Each notification of funding 
        availability described in paragraph (1) shall comply 
        with the restrictions described in subsection (a)(2).
  (c) Applications.--
          (1) Submission to the secretary.--To be eligible to 
        receive a grant under subsection (a), a project sponsor 
        or unified funding agency in a geographic area shall 
        submit an application to the Secretary at such time and 
        in such manner as the Secretary may require, and 
        containing such information as the Secretary determines 
        necessary--
                  (A) to determine compliance with the program 
                requirements and selection criteria under this 
                subtitle; and
                  (B) to [establish] demonstrate local, needs-
                based priorities for funding projects in the 
                geographic area.
          (2) Announcement of awards.--
                  (A) In general.--Except as provided in 
                subparagraph (B), the Secretary shall announce, 
                within 5 months after the last date for the 
                submission of applications described in this 
                subsection for a fiscal year, the grants 
                conditionally awarded under subsection (a) for 
                that fiscal year.
                  (B) Transition.--For a period of up to 2 
                years beginning after the effective date under 
                section 1503 of the Homeless Emergency 
                Assistance and Rapid Transition to Housing Act 
                of 2009, the Secretary shall announce, within 6 
                months after the last date for the submission 
                of applications described in this subsection 
                for a fiscal year, the grants conditionally 
                awarded under subsection (a) for that fiscal 
                year.
  (d) Obligation, Distribution, and Utilization of Funds.--
          (1) Requirements for obligation.--
                  (A) In general.--Not later than 9 months 
                after the announcement referred to in 
                subsection (c)(2), each recipient or project 
                sponsor shall meet all requirements for the 
                obligation of those funds, including site 
                control, matching funds, and environmental 
                review requirements, except as provided in 
                subparagraphs (B) and (C).
                  (B) Acquisition, rehabilitation, or 
                construction.--Not later than 24 months after 
                the announcement referred to in subsection 
                (c)(2), each recipient or project sponsor 
                seeking the obligation of funds for acquisition 
                of housing, rehabilitation of housing, or 
                construction of new housing for a grant 
                announced under subsection (c)(2) shall meet 
                all requirements for the obligation of those 
                funds, including site control, matching funds, 
                and environmental review requirements.
                  (C) Extensions.--At the discretion of the 
                Secretary, and in compelling circumstances, the 
                Secretary may extend the date by which a 
                recipient or project sponsor shall meet the 
                requirements described in subparagraphs (A) and 
                (B) if the Secretary determines that compliance 
                with the requirements was delayed due to 
                factors beyond the reasonable control of the 
                recipient or project sponsor. Such factors may 
                include difficulties in obtaining site control 
                for a proposed project, completing the process 
                of obtaining secure financing for the project, 
                obtaining approvals from State or local 
                governments, or completing the technical 
                submission requirements for the project.
          (2) Obligation.--Not later than 45 days after a 
        recipient or project sponsor meets the requirements 
        described in paragraph (1), the Secretary shall 
        obligate the funds for the grant involved.
          (3) Distribution.--A recipient that receives funds 
        through such a grant--
                  (A) shall distribute the funds to project 
                sponsors (in advance of expenditures by the 
                project sponsors); and
                  (B) shall distribute the appropriate portion 
                of the funds to a project sponsor not later 
                than 45 days after receiving a request for such 
                distribution from the project sponsor.
          (4) Expenditure of funds.--The Secretary may 
        establish a date by which funds made available through 
        a grant announced under subsection (c)(2) for a 
        homeless assistance project shall be entirely expended 
        by the recipient or project sponsors involved. The date 
        established under this paragraph shall not occur before 
        the expiration of the 24-month period beginning on the 
        date that funds are obligated for activities described 
        under paragraphs (1) or (2) of section 423(a). The 
        Secretary shall recapture the funds not expended by 
        such date. The Secretary shall reallocate the funds for 
        another homeless assistance and prevention project that 
        meets the requirements of this subtitle to be carried 
        out, if possible and appropriate, in the same 
        geographic area as the area served through the original 
        grant.
  (e) Renewal Funding for Unsuccessful Applicants.--The 
Secretary may renew funding for a specific project previously 
funded under this subtitle that the Secretary determines meets 
the purposes of this subtitle, and was included as part of a 
total application that met the criteria of subsection (c), even 
if the application was not selected to receive grant 
assistance. The Secretary may renew the funding for a period of 
not more than 1 year, and under such conditions as the 
Secretary determines to be appropriate.
  (f) Considerations in Determining Renewal Funding.--When 
providing renewal funding for leasing, operating costs, or 
rental assistance for permanent housing, the Secretary shall 
make adjustments proportional to increases in the fair market 
rents in the geographic area.
  (g) More Than 1 Application for a Geographic Area.--If more 
than 1 collaborative applicant applies for funds for a 
geographic area, the Secretary shall award funds to the 
collaborative applicant with the highest score based on the 
selection criteria set forth in section 427.
  (h) Appeals.--
          (1) In general.--The Secretary shall establish a 
        timely appeal procedure for grant amounts awarded or 
        denied under this subtitle pursuant to a collaborative 
        application or solo application for funding.
          (2) Process.--The Secretary shall ensure that the 
        procedure permits appeals submitted by entities 
        carrying out homeless housing and services projects 
        (including emergency shelters and homelessness 
        prevention programs), and all other applicants under 
        this subtitle.
  (i) Solo Applicants.--A solo applicant may submit an 
application to the Secretary for a grant under subsection (a) 
and be awarded such grant on the same basis as such grants are 
awarded to other applicants based on the criteria described in 
section 427, but only if the Secretary determines that the solo 
applicant has attempted to participate in the continuum of care 
process but was not permitted to participate in a reasonable 
manner. The Secretary may award such grants directly to such 
applicants in a manner determined to be appropriate by the 
Secretary.
  [(j) Flexibility To Serve Persons Defined as Homeless Under 
Other Federal Laws.--
          [(1) In general.--A collaborative applicant may use 
        not more than 10 percent of funds awarded under this 
        subtitle (continuum of care funding) for any of the 
        types of eligible activities specified in paragraphs 
        (1) through (7) of section 423(a) to serve families 
        with children and youth defined as homeless under other 
        Federal statutes, or homeless families with children 
        and youth defined as homeless under section 103(a)(6), 
        but only if the applicant demonstrates that the use of 
        such funds is of an equal or greater priority or is 
        equally or more cost effective in meeting the overall 
        goals and objectives of the plan submitted under 
        section 427(b)(1)(B), especially with respect to 
        children and unaccompanied youth.
          [(2) Limitations.--The 10 percent limitation under 
        paragraph (1) shall not apply to collaborative 
        applicants in which the rate of homelessness, as 
        calculated in the most recent point in time count, is 
        less than one-tenth of 1 percent of total population.
          [(3) Treatment of certain populations.--
                  [(A) In general.--Notwithstanding section 
                103(a) and subject to subparagraph (B), funds 
                awarded under this subtitle may be used for 
                eligible activities to serve unaccompanied 
                youth and homeless families and children 
                defined as homeless under section 103(a)(6) 
                only pursuant to paragraph (1) of this 
                subsection and such families and children shall 
                not otherwise be considered as homeless for 
                purposes of this subtitle.
                  [(B) At risk of homelessness.--Subparagraph 
                (A) may not be construed to prevent any 
                unaccompanied youth and homeless families and 
                children defined as homeless under section 
                103(a)(6) from qualifying for, and being 
                treated for purposes of this subtitle as, at 
                risk of homelessness or from eligibility for 
                any projects, activities, or services carried 
                out using amounts provided under this subtitle 
                for which individuals or families that are at 
                risk of homelessness are eligible.]

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


SEC. 424. INCENTIVES FOR HIGH-PERFORMING COMMUNITIES.

  (a) Designation as a High-Performing Community.--
          (1) In general.--The Secretary shall designate, on an 
        annual basis, which collaborative applicants represent 
        high-performing communities.
          (2) Consideration.--In determining whether to 
        designate a collaborative applicant as a high-
        performing community under paragraph (1), the Secretary 
        shall establish criteria to ensure that the 
        requirements described under paragraphs (1)(B) and 
        (2)(B) of subsection (d) are measured by comparing 
        homeless individuals and families under similar 
        circumstances, in order to encourage projects in the 
        geographic area to serve homeless individuals and 
        families with more severe barriers to housing 
        stability.
          (3) 2-year phase in.--In each of the first 2 years 
        after the effective date under section 1503 of the 
        Homeless Emergency Assistance and Rapid Transition to 
        Housing Act of 2009, the Secretary shall designate not 
        more than 10 collaborative applicants as high-
        performing communities.
          (4) Excess of qualified applicants.--If, during the 
        2-year period described under paragraph (2), more than 
        10 collaborative applicants could qualify to be 
        designated as high-performing communities, the 
        Secretary shall designate the 10 that have, in the 
        discretion of the Secretary, the best performance based 
        on the criteria described under subsection (d).
          (5) Time limit on designation.--The designation of 
        any collaborative applicant as a high-performing 
        community under this subsection shall be effective only 
        for the year in which such designation is made. The 
        Secretary, on an annual basis, may renew any such 
        designation.
  (b) Application.--
          (1) In general.--A collaborative applicant seeking 
        designation as a high-performing community under 
        subsection (a) shall submit an application to the 
        Secretary at such time, and in such manner as the 
        Secretary may require.
          (2) Content of application.--In any application 
        submitted under paragraph (1), a collaborative 
        applicant shall include in such application--
                  (A) a report showing how any money received 
                under this subtitle in the preceding year was 
                expended; and
                  (B) information that such applicant can meet 
                the requirements described under subsection 
                (d).
          (3) Publication of application.--The Secretary 
        shall--
                  (A) publish any report or information 
                submitted in an application under this section 
                in the geographic area represented by the 
                collaborative applicant; and
                  (B) seek comments from the public as to 
                whether the collaborative applicant seeking 
                designation as a high-performing community 
                meets the requirements described under 
                subsection (d).
  (c) Use of Funds.--Funds awarded under section 422(a) to a 
project sponsor who is located in a high-performing community 
may be used--
          (1) for any of the eligible activities described in 
        section 423; or
          (2) for any of the eligible activities described in 
        paragraphs (4) and (5) of section 415(a).
  (d) Definition of High-Performing Community.--For purposes of 
this section, the term ``high-performing community'' means a 
geographic area that demonstrates through reliable data that 
all five of the following requirements are met for that 
geographic area:
          (1) Term of homelessness.--The mean length of 
        episodes of homelessness for that geographic area--
                  (A) is less than 20 days; or
                  (B) for individuals and families in similar 
                circumstances in the preceding year was at 
                least 10 percent less than in the year before.
          (2) Families leaving homelessness.--Of individuals 
        and families--
                  (A) who leave homelessness, fewer than 5 
                percent of such individuals and families become 
                homeless again at any time within the next 2 
                years; or
                  (B) in similar circumstances who leave 
                homelessness, the percentage of such 
                individuals and families who become homeless 
                again within the next 2 years has decreased by 
                at least 20 percent from the preceding year.
          (3) Community action.--The communities that compose 
        the geographic area have--
                  (A) actively encouraged homeless individuals 
                and families to participate in homeless 
                assistance services available in that 
                geographic area; and
                  (B) included each homeless individual or 
                family who sought homeless assistance services 
                in the data system used by that community for 
                determining compliance with this subsection.
          (4) Effectiveness of previous activities.--If 
        recipients in the geographic area have used funding 
        awarded under section 422(a) for eligible activities 
        described under section 415(a) in previous years based 
        on the authority granted under subsection (c), that 
        such activities were effective at reducing the number 
        of individuals and families who became homeless in that 
        community.
          [(5) Flexibility to serve persons defined as homeless 
        under other federal laws.--With respect to 
        collaborative applicants exercising the authority under 
        section 422(j) to serve homeless families with children 
        and youth defined as homeless under other Federal 
        statutes, effectiveness in achieving the goals and 
        outcomes identified in subsection 427(b)(1)(F) 
        according to such standards as the Secretary shall 
        promulgate.]
  (e) Cooperation Among Entities.--A collaborative applicant 
designated as a high-performing community under this section 
shall cooperate with the Secretary in distributing information 
about successful efforts within the geographic area represented 
by the collaborative applicant to reduce homelessness.

SEC. 425. SUPPORTIVE SERVICES.

  (a) In General.--To the extent practicable, each project 
shall provide supportive services for residents of the project 
and homeless persons using the project, which may be designed 
by the recipient or participants.
  (b) Requirements.--Supportive services provided in connection 
with a project shall address the special needs of individuals 
(such as homeless persons with disabilities and homeless 
families with children) intended to be served by a project.
  (c) Services.--Supportive services may include such 
activities as (A) establishing and operating a child care 
services program for homeless families, (B) establishing and 
operating an employment assistance program, (C) providing 
outpatient health services, food, and case management, (D) 
providing assistance in obtaining permanent housing, employment 
counseling, and nutritional counseling, (E) providing security 
arrangements necessary for the protection of residents of 
supportive housing and for homeless persons using the housing 
or project, (F) providing assistance in obtaining other 
Federal, State, and local assistance available for such 
residents (including mental health benefits, employment 
counseling, and medical assistance, but not including major 
medical equipment), [and (G) providing] (G) providing 
transportation to employment, early care and education 
programs, career and technical education programs, and health 
and mental health care services, and (H) providing  other 
appropriate services.
  (d) Provision of Services.--Services provided pursuant to 
this section may be provided directly by the recipient or by 
contract with other public or private service providers. Such 
services may be provided to homeless individuals who do not 
reside in supportive housing.
  (e) Coordination With Secretary of Health and Human 
Services.--
          (1) Approval.--Promptly upon receipt of any 
        application for assistance under this subtitle that 
        includes the provision of outpatient health services, 
        the Secretary of Housing and Urban Development shall 
        consult with the Secretary of Health and Human Services 
        with respect to the proposed outpatient health 
        services. If, within 45 days of such consultation, the 
        Secretary of Health and Human Services determines that 
        the proposal for delivery of the outpatient health 
        services does not meet guidelines for determining the 
        appropriateness of such proposed services, the 
        Secretary of Housing and Urban Development may require 
        resubmission of the application, and the Secretary of 
        Housing and Urban Development may not approve such 
        portion of the application unless and until such 
        portion has been resubmitted in a form that the 
        Secretary of Health and Human Services determines meets 
        such guidelines.
          (2) Guidelines.--The Secretary of Housing and Urban 
        Development and the Secretary of Health and Human 
        Services shall jointly establish guidelines for 
        determining the appropriateness of proposed outpatient 
        health services under this section. Such guidelines 
        shall include any provisions necessary to enable the 
        Secretary of Housing and Urban Development to meet the 
        time limits under this subtitle for the final selection 
        of applications for assistance.

SEC. 426. PROGRAM REQUIREMENTS.

  (a) Site Control.--The Secretary shall require that each 
application include reasonable assurances that the applicant 
will own or have control of a site for the proposed project not 
later than the expiration of the 12-month period beginning upon 
notification of an award for grant assistance, unless the 
application proposes providing supportive housing assistance 
under section 423(a)(3) or housing that will eventually be 
owned or controlled by the families and individuals served. An 
applicant may obtain ownership or control of a suitable site 
different from the site specified in the application. If any 
recipient or project sponsor fails to obtain ownership or 
control of the site within 12 months after notification of an 
award for grant assistance, the grant shall be recaptured and 
reallocated under this subtitle.
  (b) Required Agreements.--The Secretary may not provide 
assistance for a proposed project under this subtitle unless 
the collaborative applicant involved agrees--
          (1) to ensure the operation of the project in 
        accordance with the provisions of this subtitle;
          (2) to monitor and report to the Secretary the 
        progress of the project;
          (3) to ensure, to the maximum extent practicable, 
        that individuals and families experiencing homelessness 
        are involved, through employment, provision of 
        volunteer services, or otherwise, in constructing, 
        rehabilitating, maintaining, and operating facilities 
        for the project and in providing supportive services 
        for the project;
          (4) to require certification from all project 
        sponsors that--
                  (A) they will maintain the confidentiality of 
                records pertaining to any individual or family 
                provided family violence prevention or 
                treatment services through the project;
                  (B) that the address or location of any 
                family violence shelter project assisted under 
                this subtitle will not be made public, except 
                with written authorization of the person 
                responsible for the operation of such project;
                  (C) they will establish policies and 
                practices that are consistent with, and do not 
                restrict the exercise of rights provided by, 
                subtitle B of title VII, and other laws 
                relating to the provision of educational and 
                related services to individuals and families 
                experiencing homelessness;
                  [(D) in the case of programs that provide 
                housing or services to families, they will 
                designate a staff person to be responsible for 
                ensuring that children being served in the 
                program are enrolled in school and connected to 
                appropriate services in the community, 
                including early childhood programs such as Head 
                Start, part C of the Individuals with 
                Disabilities Education Act, and programs 
                authorized under subtitle B of title VII of 
                this Act (42 U.S.C. 11431 et seq.); and]
                  (D) in the case of programs providing housing 
                or services to families or youth, they will 
                designate a staff person to be responsible for 
                ensuring that children and youth being served 
                in the program are--
                          (i) enrolled in school and connected 
                        to appropriate services in the 
                        community, including Head Start, part C 
                        of the Individuals with Disabilities 
                        Act, programs authorized under the 
                        Child Care and Development Block Grant 
                        Act of 1990, career and technical 
                        education, and services provided by 
                        local educational agency liaisons 
                        designated under subtitle B of title 
                        VII of this Act; and
                          (ii) in the case of an unaccompanied 
                        youth, as defined in section 725, 
                        informed of their status as an 
                        independent student under section 480 
                        of the Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 
                        U.S.C. 1087vv) and receive verification 
                        of such status for purposes of the Free 
                        Application for Federal Student Aid 
                        described in section 483 of such Act 
                        (20 U.S.C. 1090); and
                  (E) they will provide data and reports as 
                required by the Secretary pursuant to the Act;
          (5) if a collaborative applicant is a unified funding 
        agency under section 402(g) and receives funds under 
        subtitle C to carry out the payment of administrative 
        costs described in section 423(a)(11), to establish 
        such fiscal control and fund accounting procedures as 
        may be necessary to assure the proper disbursal of, and 
        accounting for, such funds in order to ensure that all 
        financial transactions carried out with such funds are 
        conducted, and records maintained, in accordance with 
        generally accepted accounting principles;
          (6) to monitor and report to the Secretary the actual 
        compliance with the certifications required under 
        paragraph (4) and the provision of matching funds as 
        required by section 430;
          (7) to take the educational needs of children and 
        youth into account when families or unaccompanied youth 
        are placed in emergency or transitional shelter and 
        will, to the maximum extent practicable, place families 
        with children and unaccompanied youth as close as 
        possible to their school of origin so as not to disrupt 
        [such children's] such children and youth's education; 
        and
          (8) to comply with such other terms and conditions as 
        the Secretary may establish to carry out this subtitle 
        in an effective and efficient manner.
  (c) Occupancy Charge.--Each homeless individual or family 
residing in a project providing supportive housing may be 
required to pay an occupancy charge in an amount determined by 
the recipient or project sponsor providing the project, which 
may not exceed the amount determined under section 3(a) of the 
United States Housing Act of 1937. Occupancy charges paid may 
be reserved, in whole or in part, to assist residents in moving 
to permanent housing.
  (d) Flood Protection Standards.--Flood protection standards 
applicable to housing acquired, rehabilitated, constructed, or 
assisted under this subtitle shall be no more restrictive than 
the standards applicable under Executive Order No. 11988 (May 
24, 1977) to the other programs under this title.
  (e) Participation of Homeless Individuals.--The Secretary 
shall, by regulation, require each recipient or project sponsor 
to provide for the participation of not less than 1 homeless 
individual or former homeless individual on the board of 
directors or other equivalent policymaking entity of the 
recipient or project sponsor, to the extent that such entity 
considers and makes policies and decisions regarding any 
project, supportive services, or assistance provided under this 
subtitle. The Secretary may grant waivers to applicants unable 
to meet the requirement under the preceding sentence if the 
applicant agrees to otherwise consult with homeless or formerly 
homeless individuals in considering and making such policies 
and decisions.
  (f) Limitation on Use of Funds.--No assistance received under 
this subtitle (or any State or local government funds used to 
supplement such assistance) may be used to replace other State 
or local funds previously used, or designated for use, to 
assist homeless persons.
  (g) Termination of Assistance.--If an individual or family 
who receives assistance under this subtitle (not including 
residents of an emergency shelter) from a recipient violates 
program requirements, the recipient may terminate assistance in 
accordance with a formal process established by the recipient 
that recognizes the rights of individuals receiving such 
assistance to due process of law, which may include a hearing.

SEC. 427. SELECTION CRITERIA.

  (a) In General.--The Secretary shall award funds to 
recipients through a national competition between geographic 
areas based on criteria established by the Secretary.
  (b) Required Criteria.--
          (1) In general.--The criteria established under 
        subsection (a) shall include--
                  (A) the previous performance of the recipient 
                regarding homelessness, including performance 
                related to funds provided under section 412 
                (except that recipients applying from 
                geographic areas where no funds have been 
                awarded under this subtitle, or under subtitles 
                C, D, E, or F of title IV of this Act, as in 
                effect prior to the date of the enactment of 
                the Homeless Emergency Assistance and Rapid 
                Transition to Housing Act of 2009, shall 
                receive full credit for performance under this 
                subparagraph), measured by criteria that shall 
                be announced by the Secretary, that shall take 
                into account barriers faced by individual 
                homeless people, and that shall include--
                          (i) the length of time individuals 
                        and families remain homeless;
                          (ii) the extent to which individuals 
                        and families who leave homelessness 
                        experience additional spells of 
                        homelessness;
                          (iii) the thoroughness of grantees in 
                        the geographic area in reaching 
                        homeless individuals and families;
                          (iv) overall reduction in the number 
                        of homeless individuals and families;
                          (v) jobs and income growth for 
                        homeless individuals and families;
                          (vi) success at reducing the number 
                        of individuals and families who become 
                        homeless; and
                          (vii) other accomplishments by the 
                        recipient related to reducing 
                        homelessness; [and]
                          [(viii) for collaborative applicants 
                        that have exercised the authority under 
                        section 422(j) to serve families with 
                        children and youth defined as homeless 
                        under other Federal statutes, success 
                        in achieving the goals and outcomes 
                        identified in section 427(b)(1)(F);]
                  (B) the plan of the recipient, which shall 
                describe--
                          (i) how the number of individuals and 
                        families who become homeless will be 
                        reduced in the community;
                          (ii) how the length of time that 
                        individuals and families remain 
                        homeless will be reduced;
                          [(iii) how the recipient will 
                        collaborate with local education 
                        authorities to assist in the 
                        identification of individuals and 
                        families who become or remain homeless 
                        and are informed of their eligibility 
                        for services under subtitle B of title 
                        VII of this Act (42 U.S.C. 11431 et 
                        seq.);]
                          (iii) how the recipient will 
                        collaborate with local educational 
                        agencies, early care and education 
                        programs, and institutions of higher 
                        education to assist in the 
                        identification of and services to youth 
                        and families who become or remain 
                        homeless, including the steps the 
                        recipient will take to inform youth and 
                        families of their eligibility for 
                        services under part B of subtitle VII 
                        of this Act, the Head Start Act (42 
                        U.S.C. 9831 et seq.), the Child Care 
                        and Development Block Grant Act of 1990 
                        (42 U.S.C. 9858 et seq.), and the 
                        Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 
                        1001 et seq.);
                          (iv) the extent to which the 
                        recipient will--
                                  (I) address the needs of all 
                                relevant subpopulations;
                                  (II) incorporate 
                                comprehensive strategies for 
                                reducing homelessness, 
                                including the interventions 
                                referred to in section 428(d);
                                  (III) set quantifiable 
                                performance measures;
                                  (IV) set timelines for 
                                completion of specific tasks;
                                  (V) identify specific funding 
                                sources for planned activities; 
                                and
                                  (VI) identify an individual 
                                or body responsible for 
                                overseeing implementation of 
                                specific strategies; and
                          [(v) whether the recipient proposes 
                        to exercise authority to use funds 
                        under section 422(j), and if so, how 
                        the recipient will achieve the goals 
                        and outcomes identified in section 
                        427(b)(1)(F);]
                          (v) how the recipient will ensure the 
                        full implementation of the 
                        certifications and agreements described 
                        in paragraphs (4)(D) and (7) of section 
                        426(b);
                  (C) the methodology of the recipient used to 
                determine the priority for funding local 
                projects under section 422(c)(1), including the 
                extent to which the priority-setting process--
                          (i) uses periodically collected 
                        information and analysis to determine 
                        the extent to which each project has 
                        resulted in rapid and appropriate 
                        return to permanent housing for those 
                        served by the project, taking into 
                        account the severity of barriers faced 
                        by the people the project serves;
                          (ii) considers the full range of 
                        opinions from individuals or entities 
                        with knowledge of homelessness in the 
                        geographic area or an interest in 
                        preventing or ending homelessness in 
                        the geographic area;
                          (iii) is based on objective criteria 
                        that have been publicly announced by 
                        the recipient; and
                          (iv) is open to proposals from 
                        entities that have not previously 
                        received funds under this subtitle;
                  (D) the extent to which the amount of 
                assistance to be provided under this subtitle 
                to the recipient will be supplemented with 
                resources from other public and private 
                sources, including mainstream programs 
                identified by the Government Accountability 
                Office in the two reports described in section 
                203(a)(7);
                  (E) demonstrated coordination by the 
                recipient with the other Federal, State, local, 
                private, and other entities serving individuals 
                and families experiencing homelessness and at 
                risk of homelessness in the planning and 
                operation of projects;
                  [(F) for collaborative applicants exercising 
                the authority under section 422(j) to serve 
                homeless families with children and youth 
                defined as homeless under other Federal 
                statutes, program goals and outcomes, which 
                shall include--
                          [(i) preventing homelessness among 
                        the subset of such families with 
                        children and youth who are at highest 
                        risk of becoming homeless, as such term 
                        is defined for purposes of this title; 
                        or
                          [(ii) achieving independent living in 
                        permanent housing among such families 
                        with children and youth, especially 
                        those who have a history of doubled-up 
                        and other temporary housing situations 
                        or are living in a temporary housing 
                        situation due to lack of available and 
                        appropriate emergency shelter, through 
                        the provision of eligible assistance 
                        that directly contributes to achieving 
                        such results including assistance to 
                        address chronic disabilities, chronic 
                        physical health or mental health 
                        conditions, substance addiction, 
                        histories of domestic violence or 
                        childhood abuse, or multiple barriers 
                        to employment; and
                  [(G) such other factors as the Secretary 
                determines to be appropriate to carry out this 
                subtitle in an effective and efficient manner.]
                  (F) for communities that establish and 
                operate a centralized or coordinated assessment 
                system, the extent to which that system--
                          (i) ensures that individuals who are 
                        most in need of assistance receive it 
                        in a timely manner;
                          (ii) in assessing need under clause 
                        (i), uses separate, specific, age-
                        appropriate criteria for assessing the 
                        safety and needs of children under 5 
                        years of age, school-age children, 
                        unaccompanied youth and young adults 
                        between 14 and 25 years of age, and 
                        families that are unrelated to the 
                        criteria through which an individual 
                        qualifies as ``homeless'' under section 
                        103;
                          (iii) is accessible to unaccompanied 
                        youth and homeless families;
                          (iv) diverts individuals to safe, 
                        stable, age-appropriate accommodations; 
                        and
                          (v) includes affordable housing 
                        developers, youth service providers, 
                        early childhood programs, local 
                        educational agencies, and mental health 
                        organizations; and
                  (G) such other factors as the Secretary 
                determines to be appropriate to carry out this 
                subtitle in an effective and efficient manner, 
                except that such factors may not have the 
                effect of prioritizing or weighting, unless 
                justified by local data or information 
                contained in a plan submitted under 
                subparagraph (B)--
                          (i) any service with respect to a 
                        specific subpopulation of homeless 
                        individuals over another; or
                          (ii) any program component or housing 
                        or service model over another.
          (2) Additional criteria.--In addition to the criteria 
        required under paragraph (1), the criteria established 
        under paragraph (1) shall also include the need within 
        the geographic area for homeless services, determined 
        as follows and under the following conditions:
                  (A) Notice.--The Secretary shall inform each 
                collaborative applicant, at a time concurrent 
                with the release of the notice of funding 
                availability for the grants, of the pro rata 
                estimated grant amount under this subtitle for 
                the geographic area represented by the 
                collaborative applicant.
                  (B) Amount.--
                          (i) Formula.--Such estimated grant 
                        amounts shall be determined by a 
                        formula, which shall be developed by 
                        the Secretary, by regulation, not later 
                        than the expiration of the 2-year 
                        period beginning upon the date of the 
                        enactment of the Homeless Emergency 
                        Assistance and Rapid Transition to 
                        Housing Act of 2009, that is based upon 
                        factors that are appropriate to 
                        allocate funds to meet the goals and 
                        objectives of this subtitle.
                          (ii) Combinations or consortia.--For 
                        a collaborative applicant that 
                        represents a combination or consortium 
                        of cities or counties, the estimated 
                        need amount shall be the sum of the 
                        estimated need amounts for the cities 
                        or counties represented by the 
                        collaborative applicant.
                          (iii) Authority of secretary.--
                        Subject to the availability of 
                        appropriations, the Secretary shall 
                        increase the estimated need amount for 
                        a geographic area if necessary to 
                        provide 1 year of renewal funding for 
                        all expiring contracts entered into 
                        under this subtitle for the geographic 
                        area.
          [(3) Homelessness counts.--The Secretary shall not 
        require that communities conduct an actual count of 
        homeless people other than those described in 
        paragraphs (1) through (4) of section 103(a) of this 
        Act (42 U.S.C. 11302(a)).]
          (3) Homelessness counts.--The Secretary shall require 
        that communities that conduct an annual count of 
        homeless people shall count homeless individuals as 
        defined under any provision of section 103.
  (c) Adjustments.--The Secretary may adjust the formula 
described in subsection (b)(2) as necessary--
          (1) to ensure that each collaborative applicant has 
        sufficient funding to renew all qualified projects for 
        at least one year; and
          (2) to ensure that collaborative applicants are not 
        discouraged from replacing renewal projects with new 
        projects that the collaborative applicant determines 
        will better be able to meet the purposes of this Act.

SEC. 428. ALLOCATION OF AMOUNTS AND INCENTIVES FOR SPECIFIC ELIGIBLE 
                    ACTIVITIES.

  (a) Minimum Allocation for Permanent Housing for Homeless 
Individuals and Families With Disabilities.--
          (1) In general.--From the amounts made available to 
        carry out this subtitle for a fiscal year, a portion 
        equal to not less than 30 percent of the sums made 
        available to carry out subtitle B and this subtitle, 
        shall be used for permanent housing for homeless 
        individuals with [disabilities and] disabilities, 
        homeless families that include such an individual who 
        is an adult or a minor head of household if no adult is 
        present in the household, and homeless families where a 
        child has a disability.
          (2) Calculation.--In calculating the portion of the 
        amount described in paragraph (1) that is used for 
        activities that are described in paragraph (1), the 
        Secretary shall not count funds made available to renew 
        contracts for existing projects under section 429.
          (3) Adjustment.--The 30 percent figure in paragraph 
        (1) shall be reduced proportionately based on need 
        under section 427(b)(2) in geographic areas for which 
        subsection (e) applies in regard to subsection 
        (d)(2)(A).
          (4) Suspension.--The requirement established in 
        paragraph (1) shall be suspended for any year in which 
        funding available for grants under this subtitle after 
        making the allocation established in paragraph (1) 
        would not be sufficient to renew for 1 year all 
        existing grants that would otherwise be fully funded 
        under this subtitle.
          (5) Termination.--The requirement established in 
        paragraph (1) shall terminate upon a finding by the 
        Secretary that since the beginning of 2001 at least 
        150,000 new units of permanent housing for homeless 
        individuals and families with disabilities have been 
        funded under this subtitle.
  (b) Set-Aside for Permanent Housing for Homeless Families 
With Children.--From the amounts made available to carry out 
this subtitle for a fiscal year, a portion equal to not less 
than 10 percent of the sums made available to carry out 
subtitle B and this subtitle for that fiscal year shall be used 
to provide or secure permanent housing for homeless families 
with children.
  (c) Treatment of Amounts for Permanent or Transitional 
Housing.--Nothing in this Act may be construed to establish a 
limit on the amount of funding that an applicant may request 
under this subtitle for acquisition, construction, or 
rehabilitation activities for the development of permanent 
housing or transitional housing.
  (d) Incentives for Proven Strategies.--
          (1) In general.--The Secretary shall provide bonuses 
        or other incentives to geographic areas for using 
        funding under this subtitle for activities that have 
        been proven to be effective at reducing homelessness 
        generally, reducing homelessness for a specific 
        subpopulation, or achieving homeless prevention and 
        promoting independent living goals as set forth in 
        section 427(b)(1)(F).
          [(2) Rule of construction.--For purposes of this 
        subsection, activities that have been proven to be 
        effective at reducing homelessness generally or 
        reducing homelessness for a specific subpopulation 
        includes--
                  [(A) permanent supportive housing for 
                chronically homeless individuals and families;
                  [(B) for homeless families, rapid rehousing 
                services, short-term flexible subsidies to 
                overcome barriers to rehousing, support 
                services concentrating on improving incomes to 
                pay rent, coupled with performance measures 
                emphasizing rapid and permanent rehousing and 
                with leveraging funding from mainstream family 
                service systems such as Temporary Assistance 
                for Needy Families and Child Welfare services; 
                and
                  [(C) any other activity determined by the 
                Secretary, based on research and after notice 
                and comment to the public, to have been proven 
                effective at reducing homelessness generally, 
                reducing homelessness for a specific 
                subpopulation, or achieving homeless prevention 
                and independent living goals as set forth in 
                section 427(b)(1)(F).
          [(3) Balance of incentives for proven strategies.--To 
        the extent practicable, in providing bonuses or 
        incentives for proven strategies, the Secretary shall 
        seek to maintain a balance among strategies targeting 
        homeless individuals, families, and other 
        subpopulations. The Secretary shall not implement 
        bonuses or incentives that specifically discourage 
        collaborative applicants from exercising their 
        flexibility to serve families with children and youth 
        defined as homeless under other Federal statutes.]
          (2) Prohibition.--The Secretary shall not provide 
        bonuses or other incentives under paragraph (1) that 
        have the effect of prioritizing or weighting, unless 
        justified by local data or information contained in a 
        plan submitted under section 427(b)(1)(B)--
                  (A) any service with respect to a specific 
                subpopulation of homeless individuals over 
                another; or
                  (B) any program component or housing or 
                service model over another.
          (3) Rule of construction.--For purposes of this 
        subsection, activities that have been proven to be 
        effective at reducing homelessness generally or 
        reducing homelessness for a specific subpopulation 
        include any activity determined by the Secretary, after 
        providing notice and an opportunity for public comment, 
        to have been proven effective at--
                  (A) reducing homelessness generally;
                  (B) reducing homelessness for a specific 
                subpopulation;
                  (C) reducing homelessness in a community for 
                populations overrepresented in any counts 
                conducted in that community under section 
                427(b)(3); or
                  (D) achieving homeless prevention and 
                promoting independent living goals as set forth 
                in section 427(b)(1)(F).
          (4) Encouraging local success and innovation.--In 
        providing bonuses or incentives under paragraph (1), 
        the Secretary shall seek to encourage the 
        implementation of proven strategies and innovation in 
        reducing homelessness among the local priority 
        populations identified in the plan submitted by an 
        applicant under section 427(b)(1)(B). The Secretary 
        shall not implement bonuses or incentives that promote 
        a national priority established by the Secretary.
  [(e) Incentives for Successful Implementation of Proven 
Strategies.--If any geographic area demonstrates that it has 
fully implemented any of the activities described in subsection 
(d) for all homeless individuals and families or for all 
members of subpopulations for whom such activities are 
targeted, that geographic area shall receive the bonus or 
incentive provided under subsection (d), but may use such bonus 
or incentive for any eligible activity under either section 423 
or paragraphs (4) and (5) of section 415(a) for homeless people 
generally or for the relevant subpopulation.]

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


[SEC. 434. REPORTS TO CONGRESS.

  [The Secretary shall submit a report to the Congress 
annually, summarizing the activities carried out under this 
subtitle and setting forth the findings, conclusions, and 
recommendations of the Secretary as a result of the activities. 
The report shall be submitted not later than 4 months after the 
end of each fiscal year (except that, in the case of fiscal 
year 1993, the report shall be submitted not later than 6 
months after the end of the fiscal year).]

SEC. 434. REPORTS TO CONGRESS.

  (a) In General.--The Secretary shall submit to Congress an 
annual report, which shall--
          (1) summarize the activities carried out under this 
        subtitle and set forth the findings, conclusions, and 
        recommendations of the Secretary as a result of the 
        activities; and
          (2) include, for the year preceding the date on which 
        the report is submitted--
                  (A) data required to be made publically 
                available in the report under section 409; and
                  (B) data on programs funded under any other 
                Federal statute.
  (b) Timing.--A report under subsection (a) shall be submitted 
not later than 4 months after the end of each fiscal year.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


                             MINORITY VIEWS

    H.R. 1511 would expand the Department of Housing and Urban 
Development's (HUD's) definition of homelessness to include 
youth (under the age of 22) and families with children who are 
unstably housed but have housing, a definition of homelessness 
that is used by some other federal agencies. This expanded 
definition of homelessness would make an additional 4 million 
people eligible for homeless assistance through HUD--an over 
700 percent increase in homeless persons--but would fail to 
provide any additional funding to support these individuals. 
Moreover, this legislation would severely limit the HUD 
Secretary's ability to target funding to the most vulnerable 
households and incentivize evidence-based strategies. This 
would almost certainly result in the diversion of funding away 
from families and youth who are homeless under HUD's current 
definition and toward those persons whose housing needs can be 
more easily met. In addition, the bill would undermine efforts 
to coordinate an effective national strategy to end 
homelessness. Democrats agree with the goal of helping families 
and youth that are not currently included in HUD's definition 
of homelessness, but H.R. 1511 would harm many of the most 
vulnerable Americans and exacerbate homelessness in America.
    In general, HUD's existing definition of homelessness 
focuses on people who are without a home (e.g. living on the 
streets, in their car, or in an emergency shelter). Some other 
federal agencies, including the Department of Education, 
utilize a broader definition of homelessness that includes 
people who are unstably housed, but have housing (e.g. 
temporarily living with extended family or friends or in a 
motel). According to the most recent point-in-time (PIT) count, 
there are over 550,000 people who are homeless under HUD's 
current definition, including almost 115,000 children and 
approximately 53,000 youth. In other words, over 30 percent of 
the people who are currently homeless under HUD's definition. 
Under H.R. 1511, the nearly 170,000 children and youth who are 
homeless under HUD's current definition of homelessness would 
be forced to compete with over 4 million additional people for 
the same amount of resources available for HUD's homeless 
assistance programs, and the HUD Secretary would be prohibited 
from targeting resources to help the most at risk children and 
youth.
    Proponents of H.R. 1511 inaccurately suggest that children 
staying in unsafe housing are not covered by HUD today and that 
HUD is not prioritizing help for homeless children. For 
example, Republican witnesses at a Committee hearing argued 
that sometimes children and youth who are ``couch surfing'' or 
doubled up are just as vulnerable as those living on the 
streets because the people they are forced to live with are 
abusive or otherwise creating an unsafe living environment. 
However, according to HUD guidance,\1\ HUD's current definition 
of homelessness considers these children and youth as homeless 
and therefore eligible for HUD homeless assistance even if they 
technically have housing because they do not have a safe place 
to stay. Republican witnesses also argued that HUD's 
implementation of its homeless assistance programs has focused 
on adults and suggested that HUD has diverted funding away from 
families and youth. However, HUD data on the inventory of beds 
for families shows an increase of 23 percent since 2012, and a 
17 percent increase in beds dedicated for children without 
parents or guardians.\2\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \1\Available at: https://www.hudexchange.info/resources/documents/
Determining-Homeless-Status-of-Youth.pdf
    \2\ See HUD's CoC Housing Inventory Reports for 2012-2017, 
available at: https://www.hudexchange.info/programs/coc/coc-housing-
inventory-count-reports/.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    H.R. 1511 would also undermine efforts by the Obama 
Administration to coordinate an effective national strategy to 
end homelessness. For example, the Obama Administration made 
important progress by incentivizing evidence-based practices 
like the ``housing first'' approach and serving chronically 
homeless people with permanent supportive housing. H.R. 1511 
would prohibit the HUD Secretary from setting national 
priorities or providing incentives for following evidence-based 
practices or serving specific populations. As Steve Berg with 
the National Alliance to End Homelessness has stated, ``the 
bill would have the effect of limiting HUD's ability to get the 
best possible results from this program. The bill would 
restrict the ability to use funds to address emergent issues or 
new evidence, about the effectiveness or lack thereof of 
specific interventions for specific populations.''\3\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \3\Testimony of Steve Berg, Vice President for Programs and Policy 
for the National Alliance to End Homelessness, before the Subcommittee 
on Housing and Insurance, ``Legislative Review of H.R. 1511, the 
`Homeless Children and Youth Act of 2017''' June 6, 2018.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Proponents of H.R. 1511 have argued that we cannot begin to 
help these additional families and youth until we are able to 
count them. To address this, H.R. 1511 would require HUD to 
expand its annual PIT count to include the millions of 
additional people that would be included in the new definition. 
However, the current PIT count is conducted as an annual head 
count of people who are living in places that are generally 
visible, like emergency shelters, parks, streets, and other 
public spaces. It is unclear how HUD grantees are expected to 
count people who are couch surfing or otherwise unstably housed 
both in terms of the methodology they would be expected to use, 
and where they would find the additional resources to expand 
their administrative capacity to comply with this new 
requirement. It is also unclear how this new effort would 
overlap with other ongoing efforts to count these individuals 
and families. For example, the Department of Education already 
collects and publicly reports data on the number of children 
and youth defined homeless under its own definition as 
identified by the Local Educational Agency liaisons.\4\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \4\ Available at: https://nche.ed.gov/pr/data_comp.php.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Democrats support additional funding to help unstably 
housed families and youth, and unanimously supported Ranking 
Member Waters' amendment to H.R. 1511, which provided these 
resources. Democrats believe that until the necessary resources 
are available, HUD homeless assistance programs must continue 
to target assistance for individuals and families with the most 
acute housing needs. Without additional funding to provide 
adequate resources to those newly defined as homeless under the 
bill, we oppose H.R. 1511.

                                   Maxine Waters.
                                   Wm. Lacy Clay.
                                   Stephen F. Lynch.
                                   David Scott.
                                   Carolyn B. Maloney.
                                   Daniel T. Kildee.
                                   Al Green.
                                   Michael E. Capuano.

                                  [all]