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115th Congress    }                                 {   Rept. 115-1035
                        HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
 2d Session       }                                 {           Part 1

======================================================================



 
                  NATIONAL LANDSLIDE PREPAREDNESS ACT

                                _______
                                

               November 16, 2018.--Ordered to be printed

                                _______
                                

Mr. Bishop of Utah, from the Committee on Natural Resources, submitted 
                             the following

                              R E P O R T

                        [To accompany H.R. 1675]

      [Including cost estimate of the Congressional Budget Office]

    The Committee on Natural Resources, to whom was referred 
the bill (H.R. 1675) to establish a national program to 
identify and reduce losses from landslide hazards, to establish 
a national 3D Elevation Program, and for other purposes, having 
considered the same, reports favorably thereon with an 
amendment and recommends that the bill as amended do pass.
    The amendment is as follows:
  Strike all after the enacting clause and insert the 
following:

SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.

  This Act may be cited as the ``National Landslide Preparedness Act''.

SEC. 2. DEFINITIONS.

  In this Act:
          (1) 3D.--The term ``3D'' means 3-dimensional.
          (2) 3D elevation data.--
                  (A) In general.--The term ``3D elevation data'' means 
                3D, high-resolution data obtained using lidar, ifsar, 
                or other methods over the United States (including 
                territories).
                  (B) Inclusions.--The term ``3D elevation data'' 
                includes terrestrial and bathymetric elevation data.
          (3) 3D elevation program.--The term ``3D Elevation Program'' 
        means the 3D Elevation Program established under section 5(a).
          (4) Ifsar.--The term ``ifsar'' means interferometric 
        synthetic aperture radar.
          (5) Indian tribe.--The term ``Indian tribe'' has the meaning 
        given the term in section 4 of the Indian Self-Determination 
        and Education Assistance Act (25 U.S.C. 5304).
          (6) Lidar.--The term ``lidar'' means light detection and 
        ranging.
          (7) Secretary.--The term ``Secretary'' means the Secretary of 
        the Interior, acting through the Director of the United States 
        Geological Survey.
          (8) State.--The term ``State'' means any unit of State or 
        Territorial government handling the identification, mapping, 
        assessment, and research of landslide hazards or responding to 
        landslide events, including--
                  (A) a State geological survey office;
                  (B) a State department of emergency response; and
                  (C) a State department of transportation.

SEC. 3. NATIONAL LANDSLIDE HAZARDS REDUCTION PROGRAM.

  (a) Establishment.--The Secretary shall establish a program, to be 
known as the ``National Landslide Hazards Reduction Program'' (referred 
to in this section as the ``program'')--
          (1) to identify and understand landslide hazards and risks;
          (2) to reduce losses from landslides;
          (3) to protect communities at risk of landslide hazards; and
          (4) to help improve communication and emergency preparedness, 
        including by coordinating with communities and entities 
        responsible for infrastructure that are at risk of landslide 
        hazards.
  (b) Description of Program.--
          (1) Program activities.--The Secretary, in coordination with 
        the Interagency Coordinating Committee on Landslide Hazards 
        established by subsection (c)(1) (referred to in this section 
        as the ``Committee'') and in coordination with existing 
        activities of the United States Geological Survey and other 
        Federal agencies, shall--
                  (A) identify, map, assess, and research landslide 
                hazards;
                  (B) respond to landslide events; and
                  (C) in coordination with States and Indian tribes--
                          (i) establish working groups with States and 
                        Indian tribes to identify regional and local 
                        priorities for researching, identifying, 
                        mapping, and assessing landslide hazards; and
                          (ii) develop and implement landslide hazard 
                        guidelines for--
                                  (I) geologists;
                                  (II) geological and geotechnical 
                                engineers; and
                                  (III) land use and other 
                                decisionmakers.
          (2) National strategy.--Not later than 180 days after the 
        date of enactment of this Act, and every 5 years thereafter, 
        the Secretary, in coordination with the Committee, shall 
        develop and publish a national strategy for landslide hazards 
        and risk reduction in the United States, which shall include--
                  (A) goals and priorities for the program;
                  (B) priorities for data acquisition, research, 
                communications, and risk management on landslides and 
                landslide hazards across relevant Federal agencies; and
                  (C) a detailed interagency plan to carry out the 
                national strategy, including details about the 
                programs, projects, and budgets that will be used to 
                implement the national strategy.
          (3) National landslide hazards database.--In carrying out the 
        program, the Secretary, in coordination with States and Indian 
        tribes, shall develop and maintain a publicly accessible 
        national landslide hazard and risk inventory database to 
        compile, maintain, standardize, and evaluate data regarding--
                  (A) landslide hazards and risks nationwide;
                  (B) the nationwide impact of landslides on--
                          (i) health and safety;
                          (ii) the economy and infrastructure; and
                          (iii) the environment;
                  (C) landslide hazard stabilization; and
                  (D) reduction of losses from landslides.
          (4) Landslide hazard and risk preparedness for communities.--
        In carrying out the program, the Secretary, in coordination 
        with the Secretary of the Army, the Secretary of Commerce, the 
        Secretary of Homeland Security, the Secretary of 
        Transportation, and the heads of other relevant Federal 
        agencies, and in consultation with States and Indian tribes, 
        shall develop and disseminate--
                  (A) landslide planning and risk reduction guidance, 
                guidelines, maps, tools, and training materials to help 
                inform State, local, and tribal governments and 
                decisionmakers with respect to--
                          (i) the use and implementation of landslide 
                        hazard assessments;
                          (ii) the applied use of the database 
                        developed under paragraph (3);
                          (iii) reducing losses from landslides; and
                          (iv) resources available for communities 
                        working to improve landslide hazard 
                        preparedness; and
                  (B) landslide preparedness curricula and training 
                modules for--
                          (i) State, local, and tribal officials;
                          (ii) Federal, State, local, and tribal 
                        emergency managers; and
                          (iii) the National Guard.
          (5) Flash flood and debris flow early warning system.--In 
        carrying out the program, the Secretary, in coordination with 
        the Secretary of Commerce and Secretary of Agriculture, shall 
        expand the early warning system for flash floods and debris 
        flow by--
                  (A) expanding the early warning system for post-
                wildfire debris flow to include recently burned areas 
                across the western United States;
                  (B) developing procedures with State, local, and 
                tribal governments to monitor stormwater drainage in 
                areas with high flash flood and debris flow risk;
                  (C) identifying high-risk debris flow areas, such as 
                recently burned land and potential lahar hazard areas; 
                and
                  (D) identifying areas susceptible to post-wildfire 
                landslides.
          (6) Emergency response activities.--In carrying out the 
        program, the Secretary, in coordination with the Secretary of 
        Commerce, the Secretary of Homeland Security, the heads of 
        other relevant Federal agencies, States, and Indian tribes, 
        shall establish emergency response procedures for the rapid 
        deployment of Federal scientists, equipment, and services to 
        areas impacted by a significant landslide event--
                  (A) to support emergency response efforts and improve 
                the safety of emergency responders;
                  (B) to improve data collection; and
                  (C) to conduct research to advance the understanding 
                of the causes, impacts, and reduction of landslide 
                hazards and risks.
  (c) Interagency Coordinating Committee on Landslide Hazards.--
          (1) In general.--There is established a committee, to be 
        known as the ``Interagency Coordinating Committee on Landslide 
        Hazards''.
          (2) Membership.--The Committee shall be composed of the 
        following members (or their designees):
                  (A) The Secretary, who shall serve as Chairperson of 
                the Committee.
                  (B) The Secretary of the Army.
                  (C) The Secretary of Commerce.
                  (D) The Secretary of Homeland Security.
                  (E) The Secretary of Transportation.
                  (F) The Director of the National Science Foundation.
                  (G) The Director of the Office of Science and 
                Technology Policy.
                  (H) The Director of the Office of Management and 
                Budget.
                  (I) The Secretary of Agriculture.
          (3) Meetings.--The Committee shall meet at the call of the 
        Chairperson.
          (4) Purpose and duties.--The Committee shall--
                  (A) advise and oversee the program;
                  (B) facilitate communication and coordination across 
                Federal agencies in the planning, management, 
                budgeting, and execution of landslide activities; and
                  (C) support the development and execution of the 
                national strategy under subsection (b)(2), including 
                by--
                          (i) supporting the development of national 
                        goals and priorities for the national strategy;
                          (ii) articulating Federal agency roles, 
                        responsibilities, and resources for carrying 
                        out the national strategy; and
                          (iii) overseeing the implementation of the 
                        national strategy.
  (d) Advisory Committee.--
          (1) In general.--The Secretary shall establish an advisory 
        committee, to be known as the ``Advisory Committee on 
        Landslides'' (referred to in this subsection as the ``Advisory 
        Committee'').
          (2) Membership.--The Advisory Committee shall be composed of 
        not fewer than 11 members--
                  (A) of whom none may be an individual described in 
                any of subparagraphs (A) through (F) of section 
                7342(a)(1) of title 5, United States Code; and
                  (B) who shall be representatives of--
                          (i) States, including State geological 
                        organizations;
                          (ii) Indian tribes, including tribal 
                        geological organizations;
                          (iii) research institutions and institutions 
                        of higher education that are qualified--
                                  (I) to provide advice regarding 
                                landslide hazard and risk reduction; 
                                and
                                  (II) to represent related scientific, 
                                architectural, engineering, and 
                                planning disciplines;
                          (iv) industry standards development 
                        organizations; and
                          (v) State, local, and tribal emergency 
                        management agencies.
          (3) Recommendations.--
                  (A) In general.--The Advisory Committee shall submit 
                to the Committee recommendations for the implementation 
                of the program, including recommendations regarding--
                          (i) landslide hazard and risk reduction and 
                        planning;
                          (ii) tools for communities;
                          (iii) research; and
                          (iv) such other topics as the Advisory 
                        Committee determines appropriate.
                  (B) Consideration.--The Secretary and the agency 
                heads described in subparagraphs (A) through (H) of 
                subsection (c)(2) shall take into consideration any 
                recommendation of the Advisory Committee submitted 
                under subparagraph (A).
  (e) Grant Programs.--
          (1) Cooperative landslide hazard mapping and assessment 
        program.--
                  (A) In general.--Subject to appropriations, the 
                Secretary may--
                          (i) provide grants, on a competitive basis, 
                        to State, local, and tribal governments to 
                        research, map, assess, and collect data on 
                        landslide hazards and identify areas 
                        susceptible to post-wildfire landslides within 
                        the jurisdictions of those governments; and
                          (ii) accept and use funds received from other 
                        Federal and non-Federal partners to advance the 
                        purposes of the program.
                  (B) Priority.--
                          (i) In general.--The Secretary shall consult 
                        annually with the Committee, States, and Indian 
                        tribes to establish priorities for the grant 
                        program under this paragraph.
                          (ii) Funding prioritization.--In providing 
                        grants under this paragraph, the Secretary 
                        shall give priority to projects that--
                                  (I) will achieve the greatest 
                                landslide hazard and risk reduction;
                                  (II) reflect the goals and priorities 
                                of the national strategy established 
                                under subsection (b)(2)(A);
                                  (III) are matched at least 50 percent 
                                of the total cost of the project from 
                                non-Federal sources; and
                                  (IV) include acquisition of enhanced 
                                elevation data consistent with the 3D 
                                Elevation Program.
          (2) National landslide research grants.--In providing grants 
        for landslide research and development, the Director of the 
        National Science Foundation, in consultation with the Secretary 
        and the Committee, shall ensure that the grants are provided on 
        a competitive basis to State, local, and tribal governments, 
        institutions of higher education, and nongovernmental entities 
        to advance the goals and priorities of the national strategy 
        established under subsection (b)(2)(A), including for research 
        and development on--
                  (A) the causes, mechanisms, triggers, hydrology, and 
                geology of landslides;
                  (B) ways to reduce landslide hazards and risks to 
                minimize loss of life and property, including landslide 
                hazard and risk communication, perception, 
                decisionmaking, tools, and technologies; and
                  (C) other goals and priorities of the national 
                strategy established under subsection (b)(2)(A).
  (f) Annual Report.--The Secretary shall submit to Congress an annual 
report, including a description of, with respect to the preceding 
calendar year--
          (1) the goals and accomplishments of the Secretary and the 
        agency heads described in subparagraphs (A) through (H) of 
        subsection (c)(2) in carrying out the national strategy 
        developed under subsection (b)(2), expressed--
                  (A) by agency, program, and budgetary resource; and
                  (B) by the goals and priorities of the national 
                strategy established under subsection (b)(2)(A);
          (2) the results of the activities of the Committee under this 
        section;
          (3) the extent to which any recommendations of the Advisory 
        Committee under subsection (d)(3)(A) have been implemented;
          (4) the grants provided under this section during that 
        preceding calendar year, including a description of--
                  (A) each activity carried out using such a grant; and
                  (B) the results of those activities; and
          (5) for each significant landslide event in the United States 
        during that preceding calendar year--
                  (A) a description of the landslide event and the 
                implications of the event on communities, including 
                life and property;
                  (B) recommendations on how the identification of the 
                landslide risk could have been improved prior to the 
                event;
                  (C) a description of the effectiveness of any warning 
                and risk communication, including the dissemination of 
                warnings by State, local, and tribal partners in the 
                affected area;
                  (D) recommendations to improve risk identification, 
                reduction, and communication to landowners and local 
                governments;
                  (E) recommendations to improve landslide hazard 
                preparedness and emergency response activities under 
                this section; and
                  (F) such other findings as the Secretary determines 
                appropriate.
  (g) Sunset.--This program, including any reporting requirements, 
shall sunset on the date that is seven years after the date of 
enactment.

SEC. 4. GROUND SUBSIDENCE.

  As the Secretary determines to be appropriate, the Secretary shall 
support the identification, mapping, research, and monitoring of 
subsidence and groundwater resource accounting.

SEC. 5. 3D ELEVATION PROGRAM.

  (a) Establishment of 3D Elevation Program.--
          (1) In general.--The Secretary shall establish a program, to 
        be known as the ``3D Elevation Program''--
                  (A) to provide 3D elevation data coverage for the 
                United States;
                  (B) to coordinate and facilitate the collection, 
                dissemination, and use of 3D elevation data among 
                Federal departments and agencies and non-Federal 
                entities;
                  (C) to produce standard, publicly accessible 3D 
                elevation data products for the United States; and
                  (D) to promote the collection, dissemination, and use 
                of 3D elevation data among Federal, State, local, and 
                tribal governments, communities, institutions of higher 
                education, and the private sector through--
                          (i) cooperative agreements;
                          (ii) the development and maintenance of 
                        spatial data infrastructure to provide quality 
                        control and deliver to the public 3D elevation 
                        data products;
                          (iii) the development of standards and 
                        guidelines for 3D elevation data acquisition to 
                        increase accessibility to 3D elevation data in 
                        a standard, easy-to-use format; and
                          (iv) the identification, assessment, and 
                        adoption of emerging technologies to improve 
                        the accuracy and efficiency of the 3D Elevation 
                        Program.
          (2) Management.--
                  (A) In general.--The Secretary shall manage the 3D 
                Elevation Program--
                          (i) to ensure efficiency with respect to 
                        related activities of the Department of the 
                        Interior and other participating Federal 
                        departments and agencies; and
                          (ii) to meet the needs of Department of the 
                        Interior programs, stakeholders, and the 
                        public.
                  (B) Other federal departments and agencies.--The head 
                of each Federal department and agency involved in the 
                acquisition, production, distribution, or application 
                of 3D elevation data shall--
                          (i) coordinate with the 3D Elevation Federal 
                        Interagency Coordinating Committee established 
                        under subsection (b) to acquire additional, 
                        enhanced 3D elevation data;
                          (ii) submit to the Secretary a description of 
                        priority areas of interest for 3D elevation 
                        data collection for use in providing grants and 
                        cooperative agreements under subsection (d);
                          (iii) implement policies and procedures for 
                        data acquisition and sharing that are 
                        consistent with standards and guidelines 
                        developed under the 3D Elevation Program;
                          (iv) participate in, and share the results 
                        and benefits of, the 3D Elevation Program, in 
                        accordance with standards and guidelines 
                        developed under the 3D Elevation Program; and
                          (v) ensure that any 3D elevation data 
                        acquired with Federal grant funding--
                                  (I) meets 3D Elevation Program 
                                standards; and
                                  (II) is included in the national 
                                holdings of those data.
  (b) 3D Elevation Federal Interagency Coordinating Committee.--
          (1) Establishment.--The Secretary, in coordination with the 
        Secretary of Commerce, shall establish an interagency 
        coordinating committee, to be known as the ``3D Elevation 
        Federal Interagency Coordinating Committee'' (referred to in 
        this subsection as the ``Committee''), to better coordinate 3D 
        elevation data management across the Federal Government.
          (2) Membership.--The Committee shall be composed of the 
        following members (or their designees):
                  (A) The Secretary, who shall serve as Chairperson of 
                the Committee.
                  (B) The Secretary of Agriculture.
                  (C) The Secretary of Commerce.
                  (D) The Secretary of Homeland Security.
                  (E) The Director of the National Science Foundation.
                  (F) The Director of the Office of Science and 
                Technology Policy.
                  (G) The Director of the Office of Management and 
                Budget.
                  (H) The head of any other Federal department or 
                agency, at the request of the Secretary.
          (3) Coordination.--The Committee shall coordinate, as 
        appropriate, with the existing activities of--
                  (A) the 3D Elevation Program Executive Forum;
                  (B) the Alaska Mapping Executive Committee;
                  (C) the 3D Elevation Working Group; and
                  (D) the 3D National Elevation Subcommittee.
          (4) Meetings.--The Committee shall meet at the call of the 
        Chairperson.
          (5) Duties.--The Committee shall--
                  (A) oversee the planning, management, and 
                coordination of the 3D Elevation Program; and
                  (B) develop, by not later than 1 year after the date 
                of enactment of this Act, and update periodically 
                thereafter--
                          (i) a strategic plan that establishes goals 
                        and priorities for activities carried out under 
                        the 3D Elevation Program; and
                          (ii) a detailed management plan to implement 
                        the strategic plan.
  (c) Subcommittee of National Geospatial Advisory Committee.--
          (1) Establishment.--
                  (A) In general.--The Secretary shall establish, 
                within the National Geospatial Advisory Committee, a 
                subcommittee (referred to in this subsection as the 
                ``Subcommittee'').
                  (B) Membership.--The Subcommittee shall--
                          (i) consist of not fewer than 11 members, of 
                        whom none may be a Federal officer or employee; 
                        and
                          (ii) include representatives of--
                                  (I) research and academic 
                                institutions;
                                  (II) industry standards development 
                                organizations;
                                  (III) units of State and local 
                                government; and
                                  (IV) the private sector.
          (2) Duties.--
                  (A) Assessment.--The Subcommittee shall conduct an 
                assessment of--
                          (i) trends and developments in--
                                  (I) the collection, dissemination, 
                                and use of 3D elevation data; and
                                  (II) science and technology relating 
                                to 3D elevation data;
                          (ii) the effectiveness of the 3D Elevation 
                        Program in carrying out the activities 
                        described in subsection (a)(1);
                          (iii) the need to revise or reorganize the 3D 
                        Elevation Program; and
                          (iv) the management, coordination, 
                        implementation, and activities of the 3D 
                        Elevation Program.
                  (B) Report.--Not later than 1 year after the date of 
                enactment of this Act, and not less frequently than 
                once every 2 years thereafter, the Subcommittee shall 
                submit to the Secretary and the 3D Elevation Federal 
                Interagency Coordinating Committee established under 
                subsection (b) a report that includes--
                          (i) the findings of the assessment under 
                        subparagraph (A); and
                          (ii) recommendations of the Subcommittee 
                        based on those findings, if any.
  (d) Grants and Cooperative Agreements.--
          (1) In general.--The Secretary may make grants and enter into 
        cooperative agreements with other Federal departments and 
        agencies, units of tribal, State, or local government, 
        institutions of higher education, nonprofit research 
        institutions, or other organizations to facilitate the 
        improvement of nationwide coverage of 3D elevation data.
          (2) Applications.--To be eligible to receive a grant or enter 
        into a cooperative agreement under this subsection, an entity 
        described in paragraph (1) shall submit to the Secretary an 
        application at such time, in such manner, and containing such 
        information as the Secretary may require.
          (3) Terms and conditions.--A grant or cooperative agreement 
        under this subsection shall be subject to such terms and 
        conditions as the Secretary determines to be appropriate, 
        including making data publically available and interoperable 
        with other Federal datasets.
  (e) Sunset.--This program, including any reporting requirements, 
shall sunset on the date that is seven years after the date of 
enactment.

                          PURPOSE OF THE BILL

    The purpose of H.R. 1675 is to establish a national program 
to identify and reduce losses from landslide hazards, and to 
establish a national 3-D Elevation Program.

                  BACKGROUND AND NEED FOR LEGISLATION

    Landslides are geologic hazards that exist throughout the 
United States. The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) estimates that 
landslides account for $1 billion to $2 billion in damages and, 
on average, 25 fatalities every year.\1\ As expansion of urban 
and recreational development occurs, people are exposed to 
potential impacts from landslide hazards. Landslides are often 
triggered by other events like heavy storms, earthquakes, 
volcanic activities, and wildfires.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \1\U.S. Geological Survey's Landslides Hazards Program, https://
landslides.usgs.gov/aboutus/.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    A core mission of the USGS is the Landslides Hazards 
Program (LHP) which has existed since the 1970s. The purpose of 
this program is to provide scientific information to minimize 
loss of life and property from landslides.\2\ The LHP conducts 
landslide hazard assessments, conducts landslide investigations 
and forecasts, and provides assistance in response to landslide 
events. The LHP partners with States and other Federal agencies 
in these activities. Local public decision makers depend on the 
LHP for information before, during, and after landslide 
triggering disasters to better inform their actions. Since 
fiscal year 2014, the LHP has been funded at $3.5 million 
annually.\3\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \2\Id.
    \3\U.S.DepartmentoftheInterior, OfficeofBudget, https://
www.doi.gov/budget/appropriations/.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    H.R. 1675 directs the Secretary of the Interior to bolster 
the LHP's activities by creating a National Landslide Hazards 
Reduction Program to identify and understand risks and reduce 
losses from landslide hazards, and to help improve 
communication and emergency preparedness.
    The bill also establishes a national 3D Elevation Program 
(3DEP) to update and produce standard, publicly accessible 3D 
elevation data for the United States, in coordination with 
other federal agencies and nonfederal entities. 3DEP would have 
value not only for assessing landslide hazards but for also 
identifying energy, mineral and water resources, geologic and 
environmental hazards such as active faults and seismic areas, 
unstable ground subject to landslides, swelling soils, 
floodplains and abandoned mine lands.
    The bill establishes two committees to oversee and 
coordinate the activities of the National Landslide Hazards 
Reduction Program and the 3DEP Program. These committees are 
the Interagency Coordinating Committee on Landslide Hazards, 
and the 3D Elevation Federal Interagency Coordinating 
Committee, respectively.

                      SECTION-BY-SECTION ANALYSIS

Section 1. Short title

    The short title of the bill is the ``National Landslide 
Preparedness Act''.

Section 2. Definitions

    This section defines terms used in the bill.

Section 3. National Landslide Hazards Reduction Program

    Section 3 directs the Secretary of the Interior to 
establish the National Landslide Hazards Reduction Program. 
This program will:
           Develop and publish a national strategy for 
        landslide hazards and risk reduction in the United 
        States
           Develop and maintain a publicly accessible 
        national landslide hazard and risk inventory database
           Disseminate landslide planning and risk 
        reduction materials
           Expand the early warning system for flash 
        floods and debris flow
           Establish emergency response procedures for 
        the rapid deployment of federal scientists, equipment, 
        and services to areas impacted by a significant 
        landslide event
           Support emergency response efforts and 
        improve the safety of emergency responders
           Establish the Advisory Committee on 
        Landslides
           Advance the identification, mapping, 
        research, and monitoring of subsidence and groundwater 
        resource accounting
    The Secretary may provide competitive grants to state, 
local, and tribal governments to research, map, assess, and 
collect data on landslide hazards.
    The National Science Foundation shall ensure that landslide 
research grants are provided on a competitive basis to advance 
the goals and priorities of the national strategy.

Section 4. Ground subsidence

    This section allows the Secretary to support the 
identification, mapping, research, and monitoring of subsidence 
and groundwater resource accounting.

Section 5. 3D Elevation Program

    This section directs the Secretary of the Interior to 
establish a 3D Elevation Program and the 3D Elevation Federal 
Interagency Coordinating Committee. This program will:
           Provide 3D elevation data coverage for the 
        United States
           Coordinate and facilitate the collection, 
        dissemination, and use of 3D elevation data among 
        federal agencies and non-federal entities
           Produce standard, publicly accessible 3D 
        elevation data products for the United States
           Promote the collection, dissemination, and 
        use of 3D elevation data among federal, state, local, 
        and tribal governments, communities, institutions of 
        higher education, and the private sector
    USGS may make grants and enter into cooperative agreements 
to facilitate the improvement of nationwide coverage of 3D 
elevation data.

                            COMMITTEE ACTION

    H.R. 1675 was introduced on March 22, 2017, by 
Congresswoman Suzan K. DelBene (D-WA). The bill was referred 
primarily to the Committee on Natural Resources, and 
additionally to the Committee on Science, Space and Technology. 
Within the Natural Resources Committee, the bill was referred 
to the Subcommittee on Energy and Mineral Resources. The 
Subcommittee held a hearing on the bill on November 30, 2017. 
On December 12, 2017, the Natural Resources Committee met to 
consider the bill. The Subcommittee was discharged by unanimous 
consent. Congressman Paul A. Gosar (R-AZ) offered an amendment 
designated #1; it was adopted by unanimous consent. Resident 
Commissioner Jenniffer Gonzalez-Colon (R-PR) offered an 
undesignated amendment; it was adopted by unanimous consent. 
Congresswoman Norma J. Torres (D-CA) offered an amendment 
designated (073); it was adopted by unanimous consent. No 
additional amendments were offered, and the bill, as amended, 
was ordered favorably reported to the House of Representatives 
by unanimous consent on December 13, 2017.

            COMMITTEE OVERSIGHT FINDINGS AND RECOMMENDATIONS

    Regarding clause 2(b)(1) of rule X and clause 3(c)(1) of 
rule XIII of the Rules of the House of Representatives, the 
Committee on Natural Resources' oversight findings and 
recommendations are reflected in the body of this report.

      COMPLIANCE WITH HOUSE RULE XIII AND CONGRESSIONAL BUDGET ACT

    1. Cost of Legislation and the Congressional Budget Act. 
With respect to the requirements of clause 3(c)(2) and (3) of 
rule XIII of the Rules of the House of Representatives and 
sections 308(a) and 402 of the Congressional Budget Act of 
1974, the Committee has received the following estimate for the 
bill from the Director of the Congressional Budget Office:

                                     U.S. Congress,
                               Congressional Budget Office,
                                 Washington, DC, February 21, 2018.
Hon. Rob Bishop,
Chairman, Committee on Natural Resources,
House of Representatives, Washington, DC.
    Dear Mr. Chairman: The Congressional Budget Office has 
prepared the enclosed cost estimate for H.R. 1675, the National 
Landslide Preparedness Act.
    If you wish further details on this estimate, we will be 
pleased to provide them. The CBO staff contact is Robert Reese.
            Sincerely,
                                                Keith Hall,
                                                          Director.
    Enclosure.

H.R. 1675--National Landslide Preparedness Act

    Summary: H.R. 1675 would authorize the United States 
Geological Survey (USGS) to create the National Landslide 
Hazards Reduction Program to better respond to and reduce the 
risk of landslides. The bill also would authorize USGS to 
create the 3D Elevation Program to develop three-dimensional 
elevation data for the United States. The authority for each 
program would expire seven years after enactment. Using 
information from USGS, CBO estimates that implementing the bill 
would cost $297 million over the 2019-2022 period. Such 
spending would be subject to appropriation.
    Enacting H.R. 1675 would not affect direct spending or 
revenues; therefore, pay-as-you-go procedures do not apply.
    CBO estimates that enacting H.R. 1675 would not increase 
net direct spending or on-budget deficits in any of the four 
consecutive 10-year periods beginning in 2028.
    H.R. 1675 contains no intergovernmental or private-sector 
mandates as defined in the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act (UMRA).
    Estimated cost to the Federal Government: The estimated 
budgetary effect of H.R. 1675 is shown in the following table. 
The costs of this legislation fall within budget function 300 
(natural resources and environment).

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                               By fiscal year, in millions of dollars--
                                                    ------------------------------------------------------------
                                                       2018      2019      2020      2021      2022    2018-2022
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                 INCREASES IN SPENDING SUBJECT TO APPROPRIATION
 
National Landslide Hazards:
Reduction Program:
    Estimated Authorization Level..................         0        33        67        69        70        240
    Estimated Outlays..............................         0        21        54        67        70        213
3D Elevation Program:
    Estimated Authorization Level..................         0        25        26        26        27        104
    Estimated Outlays..............................         0        10        22        26        27         84
        Total Changes:
            Estimated Authorization Level..........         0        58        93        95        97        344
            Estimated Outlays......................         0        32        76        93        96        297
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Numbers do not sum to totals because of rounding.

    Basis of estimate: CBO assumes that H.R. 1675 will be 
enacted late in 2018 and that the necessary amounts will be 
appropriated for each year beginning in 2019.

National Landslide Hazards Reduction Program

    H.R. 1675 would require USGS to establish the National 
Landslide Hazards Reduction Program. To that end, the bill 
would require USGS to develop a national strategy to reduce 
landslide risks, create and maintain a publicly accessible 
database on landslide hazards, create an early warning system 
for flash floods and debris flows, and lead an interagency 
coordinating committee on landslide hazards. The bill also 
would authorize two new grant programs. The program's 
authorization would expire seven years after enactment.
    Using information from USGS, CBO estimates that when fully 
implemented the program would cost about $65 million a year. Of 
that annual amount, $25 million would provide salaries and 
benefits to support 175 additional full-time employees. Another 
$20 million would be for grants to localities and for 
cooperative agreements with nonprofits and universities. The 
remaining $20 million would cover contracting and equipment 
costs to monitor, survey, map, and analyze landslide hazards. 
CBO expects that the program 2 would be phased in during 2019 
and that full implementation of the program would not occur 
until 2020. Accounting for anticipated inflation and based on 
historical spending patterns for similar programs, CBO 
estimates that outlays for the National Landslide Hazards 
Reduction Program would total $213 million over the 2019-2022 
period.

3D Elevation Program

    H.R. 1675 also would direct USGS to create the 3D Elevation 
Program to develop elevation data for the United States and to 
produce elevation data products that are publicly accessible. 
In implementing the program USGS would be authorized to make 
grants and enter into cooperative agreements. The bill would 
direct USGS to head an interagency coordinating committee for 
the 3D Elevation Program. The program's authorization would 
expire seven years after enactment.
    Currently, USGS operates a program that meets some of the 
requirements outlined under H.R. 1675. In 2017, USGS allocated 
$25 million to that program. Using information from USGS, CBO 
estimates that implementing the 3D Elevation Program as 
required under H.R. 1675 would cost an additional $25 million a 
year. Of that amount, $3 million would provide salaries and 
benefits to support 20 additional full-time employees. Another 
$2 million would cover grants to localities and cooperative 
agreements with nonprofits and universities. The remaining $20 
million would be devoted to contractor support costs and to 
updating computer systems and other infrastructure. Accounting 
for anticipated inflation and based on historical spending 
patterns for the current program, CBO estimates that additional 
outlays for the 3D Elevation Program would total $84 million 
over the 2019-2022 period.
    Pay-As-You-Go considerations: None.
    Increase in long-term direct spending and deficits: CBO 
estimates that enacting H.R. 1675 would not increase net direct 
spending or on-budget deficits in any of the four consecutive 
10-year periods beginning in 2028.
    Mandates: H.R. 1675 contains no intergovernmental or 
private-sector mandates as defined in UMRA.
    Estimate prepared by: Federal costs: Robert Reese; 
Mandates: Zach Byrum.
    Estimate approved by: H. Samuel Papenfuss, Deputy Assistant 
Director for Budget Analysis.
    2. General Performance Goals and Objectives. As required by 
clause 3(c)(4) of rule XIII, the general performance goal or 
objective of this bill is to establish a national program to 
identify and reduce losses from landslide hazards, and to 
establish a national 3-D Elevation Program.

                           EARMARK STATEMENT

    This bill does not contain any Congressional earmarks, 
limited tax benefits, or limited tariff benefits as defined 
under clause 9(e), 9(f), and 9(g) of rule XXI of the Rules of 
the House of Representatives.

                    COMPLIANCE WITH PUBLIC LAW 104-4

    This bill contains no unfunded mandates.

                  FEDERAL ADVISORY COMMITTEE STATEMENT

    The functions of the proposed advisory committees 
authorized in this bill are not currently being nor could they 
be performed by one of more agencies, an advisory group already 
in existence, or by enlarging the mandate of an existing 
advisory group.

                       COMPLIANCE WITH H. RES. 5

    Directed Rule Making. This bill does not contain any 
directed rule makings.
    Duplication of Existing Programs. This bill does not 
establish or reauthorize a program of the federal government 
known to be duplicative of another program. Such program was 
not included in any report from the Government Accountability 
Office to Congress pursuant to section 21 of Public Law 111-139 
or identified in the most recent Catalog of Federal Domestic 
Assistance published pursuant to the Federal Program 
Information Act (Public Law 95-220, as amended by Public Law 
98-169) as relating to other programs.

                PREEMPTION OF STATE, LOCAL OR TRIBAL LAW

    This bill is not intended to preempt any State, local or 
tribal law.

                        CHANGES IN EXISTING LAW

    If enacted, this bill would make no changes to existing 
law.

                                  [all]