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115th Congress      }                               {  Rept. 115-1066
                        HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
 2d Session         }                               {          Part 1

======================================================================



 
              21ST CENTURY CONSERVATION SERVICE CORPS ACT

                                _______
                                

                December 6, 2018.--Ordered to be printed

                                _______
                                

Mr. Bishop of Utah, from the Committee on Natural Resources, submitted 
                             the following

                              R E P O R T

                        [To accompany H.R. 2987]

      [Including cost estimate of the Congressional Budget Office]

    The Committee Natural Resources, to whom was referred the 
bill (H.R. 2987) to amend the Public Lands Corps Act of 1993 to 
establish the 21st Century Conservation Service Corps to place 
youth and veterans in national service positions to conserve, 
restore, and enhance the great outdoors of the United States, 
and for other purposes, having considered the same, report 
favorably thereon with an amendment and recommend that the bill 
as amended do pass.
    The amendment is as follows:
  Strike all after the enacting clause and insert the 
following:

SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.

  This Act may be cited as the ``21st Century Conservation Service 
Corps Act''.

SEC. 2. PURPOSES.

  Section 202 of the Public Lands Corps Act of 1993 (16 U.S.C. 1721) is 
amended to read as follows:

``SEC. 202. PURPOSES.

  ``The purposes of this title are--
          ``(1) to engage youth and veterans in the United States in 
        civilian national service positions to conserve, rebuild, and 
        enhance the outdoors, natural resources, infrastructure, and 
        recreation assets of the United States;
          ``(2) to increase public access to, and use of, public and 
        tribal land and water, infrastructure, and natural, cultural, 
        and historical resources and treasures, while spurring economic 
        development and outdoor recreation and addressing backlogged 
        maintenance on public land;
          ``(3) to conserve, restore, and enhance public and tribal 
        land and water, infrastructure, and natural, cultural, and 
        historical resources and treasures by carrying out high-
        quality, cost-effective 21st Century Conservation Service Corps 
        projects;
          ``(4) to ensure that, in any State or territory of the United 
        States or on any tribal land, the activities and expertise of 
        Corpsmembers will be accessible to any public organization, 
        nonprofit organization, or tribal agency responsible for the 
        stewardship of land and water that is--
                  ``(A) public;
                  ``(B) tribal; or
                  ``(C) private and has a direct or recognized public 
                benefit, in coordination with the owner of the land or 
                water;
          ``(5) to place youth and veterans in civilian national 
        service positions to protect, restore, and enhance the great 
        outdoors, natural resources, infrastructure, and recreation 
        assets of the United States in a cost-effective manner without 
        undue duplication or overlap of activities or programs carried 
        out by Federal agencies;
          ``(6) to provide youth and veterans placed in civilian 
        national service positions with opportunities to gain in-demand 
        skills, credentials, and education to prepare for, and 
        transition to, success in the 21st century workforce; and
          ``(7) to channel widespread interest among youth and veterans 
        in serving in civilian national service positions to help 
        conserve, restore, and enhance public and tribal land and 
        water, infrastructure, and natural, cultural, and historical 
        resources and treasures--
                  ``(A) for the enjoyment and use of future 
                generations; and
                  ``(B) to develop the next generation of outdoor 
                stewards, entrepreneurs, recreationists, and sportsmen 
                and sportswomen.''.

SEC. 3. DEFINITIONS.

  (a) In General.--Section 203 of the Public Lands Corps Act of 1993 
(16 U.S.C. 1722) is amended to read as follows:

``SEC. 203. DEFINITIONS.

  ``In this title:
          ``(1) 21CSC.--The term `21CSC' means the 21st Century 
        Conservation Service Corps established by section 204(a).
          ``(2) 21CSC organization.--The term `21CSC organization' 
        means an organization or association that meets the 
        requirements described in section 204(d).
          ``(3) 21CSC project.--The term `21CSC project' means a 
        project that is carried out by a 21CSC organization.
          ``(4) Corpsmember.--The term `Corpsmember' means an 
        individual who is selected by a 21CSC organization to serve on 
        a 21CSC project.
          ``(5) Indian.--The term `Indian' has the meaning given the 
        term in section 101 of the National and Community Service Act 
        of 1990 (42 U.S.C. 12511).
          ``(6) Indian youth 21st century conservation service corps.--
        The term `Indian Youth 21st Century Conservation Service Corps' 
        means a program of a 21CSC organization that--
                  ``(A) enrolls participants, the majority of whom are 
                Indians; and
                  ``(B) is established pursuant to an agreement between 
                a tribal agency and a 21CSC organization for the 
                benefit of the members of the tribal agency.
          ``(7) Institution of higher education.--
                  ``(A) In general.--The term `institution of higher 
                education' has the meaning given the term in section 
                102 of the Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 
                1002).
                  ``(B) Exclusion.--The term `institution of higher 
                education' does not include an institution outside the 
                United States, as described in section 102(a)(1)(C) of 
                that Act (20 U.S.C. 1002(a)(1)(C)).
          ``(8) Participating entity.--The term `participating entity' 
        means a Federal entity described in section 204(c)(2).
          ``(9) Priority project.--The term `priority project' means a 
        21CSC project conducted to further 1 or more of the purposes 
        described in section 202 or in section 2 of the Healthy Forests 
        Restoration Act of 2003 (16 U.S.C. 6501), including by--
                  ``(A) reducing wildfire risk to a community, 
                municipal water supply, or at-risk land;
                  ``(B) protecting a watershed;
                  ``(C) addressing a threat to forest land or rangeland 
                health, including catastrophic wildfire;
                  ``(D) addressing the impact of insect or disease 
                infestation or any other damaging agent on forest land, 
                water, or rangeland health; or
                  ``(E) conserving, restoring, or enhancing a forest 
                ecosystem or an ecosystem on public, private, or tribal 
                land--
                          ``(i) to improve biological diversity; or
                          ``(ii) to enhance--
                                  ``(I) the productivity of fish and 
                                wildlife habitat;
                                  ``(II) the recovery of a species; or
                                  ``(III) carbon sequestration.
          ``(10) Resource assistant.--The term `resource assistant' 
        means a resource assistant selected under section 206.
          ``(11) State.--The term `State' means--
                  ``(A) each of the several States of the United 
                States;
                  ``(B) the District of Columbia;
                  ``(C) the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico;
                  ``(D) the United States Virgin Islands;
                  ``(E) Guam;
                  ``(F) American Samoa; and
                  ``(G) the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana 
                Islands.
          ``(12) Tribal agency.--The term `tribal agency' has the 
        meaning given the term `Indian tribe' in section 101 of the 
        National and Community Service Act of 1990 (42 U.S.C. 12511).
          ``(13) Tribal land or water.--The term `tribal land or water' 
        means any real property or water--
                  ``(A) owned by a tribal agency;
                  ``(B) held in trust by the United States for an 
                Indian or a tribal agency; or
                  ``(C) held by an Indian or a tribal agency that is 
                subject to a restriction on alienation imposed by the 
                United States.
          ``(14) Veteran.--The term `veteran' has the meaning given the 
        term in section 101 of title 38, United States Code.
          ``(15) Youth.--The term `youth' means an individual who is 
        not younger than age 15 and not older than age 30.''.
  (b) Conforming Amendment.--Section 623(i)(6) of title 40, United 
States Code, is amended by striking ``any public lands (as defined in 
section 203 of the Public Lands Corps Act of 1993 (16 U.S.C. 1722))'' 
and inserting ``any land or water (or interest in land or water) owned 
by the United States (other than Indian land)''.

SEC. 4. 21ST CENTURY CONSERVATION SERVICE CORPS.

  Section 204 of the Public Lands Corps Act of 1993 (16 U.S.C. 1723) is 
amended to read as follows:

``SEC. 204. 21ST CENTURY CONSERVATION SERVICE CORPS.

  ``(a) Establishment.--There is established the 21st Century 
Conservation Service Corps, to be comprised of 21CSC organizations and 
Corpsmembers, to carry out, in partnership with participating entities, 
the purposes of this title.
  ``(b) Designation of Coordinators.--The head of each participating 
entity, and the head of any bureau or subdivision of each participating 
entity, shall designate a 21CSC coordinator to coordinate any activity 
of the 21CSC or a 21CSC project carried out by the participating entity 
or the bureau or subdivision of the participating entity.
  ``(c) Participating Entities.--
          ``(1) In general.--The 21CSC shall be implemented jointly by 
        the heads of the participating entities, who may support the 
        21CSC by carrying out the activities described in paragraph 
        (3).
          ``(2) List of participating entities.--The participating 
        entities shall be--
                  ``(A) the Department of the Interior;
                  ``(B) the Department of Agriculture;
                  ``(C) the Department of Transportation;
                  ``(D) the Department of Labor;
                  ``(E) the Department of Energy;
                  ``(F) the Department of Defense;
                  ``(G) the Department of Veterans Affairs;
                  ``(H) the Department of Commerce;
                  ``(I) the Department of Education;
                  ``(J) the Department of Housing and Urban 
                Development;
                  ``(K) the Corporation for National and Community 
                Service;
                  ``(L) the Office of the Assistant Secretary of the 
                Army for Civil Works;
                  ``(M) the Federal Emergency Management Agency; and
                  ``(N) any other Federal agency designated by the 
                President as necessary to carry out a 21CSC project.
          ``(3) Support for the 21csc.--
                  ``(A) In general.--The head of a participating entity 
                may provide support to the 21CSC by--
                          ``(i) establishing standards for the 21CSC;
                          ``(ii) establishing a process for an 
                        organization to apply and be approved to become 
                        a 21CSC organization;
                          ``(iii) developing and supporting a public-
                        private partnership referred to in paragraph 
                        (5)(A)(i);
                          ``(iv) using or leveraging existing funds, or 
                        acquiring funds and other resources, under 
                        section 210 to support 21CSC projects through 
                        entering into a cooperative agreement under 
                        paragraph (5)(A)(i);
                          ``(v) leveraging existing resources described 
                        in section 210(b) to expand the use of the 
                        21CSC to meet the mission of the participating 
                        entity;
                          ``(vi) using technology to support 21CSC 
                        projects; and
                          ``(vii) collecting performance data on 21CSC 
                        projects--
                                  ``(I) to prepare the reports referred 
                                to in subparagraph (C)(i)(I); and
                                  ``(II) to demonstrate the impact of 
                                the 21CSC projects.
                  ``(B) Coordination.--
                          ``(i) In general.--The heads of each of the 
                        participating entities shall, to the maximum 
                        extent practicable, coordinate with each other 
                        or the head of any other Federal agency that is 
                        affected by, or carrying out, an activity that 
                        is similar to a 21CSC project--
                                  ``(I) to minimize, to the maximum 
                                extent practicable, the duplication of 
                                any specific project performed by any 
                                other participating entity or Federal 
                                agency; and
                                  ``(II) to maximize 21CSC project 
                                completion in a cost-effective manner 
                                by collaborating to leverage existing 
                                resources described in section 210(b).
                          ``(ii) Approval and data collection.--The 
                        head of each participating entity shall, to the 
                        maximum extent practicable, coordinate with 
                        each other head of a participating entity--
                                  ``(I) to approve organizations as 
                                21CSC organizations; and
                                  ``(II) to collect the data, when 
                                practicable in coordination with a 
                                national non-Federal 21CSC organization 
                                coordinating entity, referred to in 
                                items (aa) through (dd) of subparagraph 
                                (C)(i)(I).
                          ``(iii) Guidance.--The head of each 
                        participating entity shall, to the maximum 
                        extent practicable, seek guidance from--
                                  ``(I) the Corporation for National 
                                and Community Service;
                                  ``(II) the Departments of Veterans 
                                Affairs and Labor on methods to 
                                increase the participation of veterans 
                                in 21CSC projects;
                                  ``(III) the Secretary of the 
                                Interior, acting through the Assistant 
                                Secretary for Indian Affairs, on 
                                methods to increase the participation 
                                of Indians in 21CSC projects;
                                  ``(IV) the Secretary of Defense on 
                                participation for the 21CSC in the 
                                Skillbridge program (DoD Instruction 
                                1322.29), and on recruiting generally, 
                                to encourage more veteran and 
                                transitioning service member engagement 
                                in 21CSC projects;
                                  ``(V) the Secretary of Labor and the 
                                Secretary of Agriculture on methods to 
                                increase rural youth engagement in 
                                21CSC projects;
                                  ``(VI) the Secretary of Labor on 
                                methods to increase the creation of 
                                apprenticeships through 21CSC 
                                organizations, private-sector employer 
                                partnerships, and identifying career 
                                pathways aligned with 21CSC projects; 
                                and
                                  ``(VII) the Secretary of Education on 
                                methods to increase the recognition of 
                                Corpsmembers' experience with 21CSC 
                                projects as post-secondary credit at 
                                higher education institutions.
                  ``(C) Reporting.--
                          ``(i) 21CSC reports.--
                                  ``(I) Report to congress.--As soon as 
                                practicable after the date of enactment 
                                of the 21st Century Conservation 
                                Service Corps Act, the Chief Executive 
                                Officer of the Corporation for National 
                                and Community Service, in coordination 
                                with the head of each participating 
                                entity, shall submit to Congress a 
                                report that includes data, for the year 
                                covered by the report, including--
                                          ``(aa) the number of 
                                        Corpsmembers that carried out 
                                        21CSC projects and the length 
                                        of the term of service for each 
                                        Corpsmember;
                                          ``(bb) the total amount of 
                                        funding provided by 
                                        participating entities for the 
                                        service of Corpsmembers;
                                          ``(cc) the type of service 
                                        performed by Corpsmembers and 
                                        the impact and accomplishments 
                                        of the service; and
                                          ``(dd) any other similar data 
                                        determined by the Chief 
                                        Executive Officer of the 
                                        Corporation for National and 
                                        Community Service or the head 
                                        of a participating entity to be 
                                        appropriate, including data 
                                        sufficient to determine the 
                                        effectiveness of 21CSC 
                                        organizations in carrying out 
                                        activities to achieve the 
                                        purposes of this title in a 
                                        manner that--
                                                  ``(AA) is cost-
                                                effective; and
                                                  ``(BB) does not 
                                                unduly duplicate or 
                                                overlap with any other 
                                                activity or program 
                                                carried out by any 
                                                other Federal agency.
                                  ``(II) Data from participating 
                                entities.--Not later than 1 year after 
                                the date of enactment of the 21st 
                                Century Conservation Service Corps Act, 
                                and annually thereafter, the head of 
                                each participating entity shall submit 
                                to the Chief Executive Officer of the 
                                Corporation for National and Community 
                                Service the data described in items 
                                (aa) through (dd) of subclause (I).
                                  ``(III) Data collection.--The Chief 
                                Executive Officer of the Corporation 
                                for National and Community Service may 
                                coordinate with individual 21CSC 
                                organizations to improve the collection 
                                of the required data described in items 
                                (aa) through (dd) of subclause (I).
                          ``(ii) Comptroller general reports.--
                                  ``(I) In general.--The Comptroller 
                                General of the United States shall 
                                prepare and submit to Congress--
                                          ``(aa) not later than 3 years 
                                        after the date of submission of 
                                        the first report under clause 
                                        (i)(I), an interim report; and
                                          ``(bb) not later than 5 years 
                                        after the date of submission of 
                                        the first report under that 
                                        clause, a final report.
                                  ``(II) Contents.--The interim and 
                                final reports referred to in subclause 
                                (I) shall include--
                                          ``(aa) an assessment, based 
                                        on the data described in items 
                                        (aa) through (dd) of clause 
                                        (i)(I), of the effectiveness of 
                                        21CSC organizations in 
                                        achieving the purposes of this 
                                        title in a manner that--
                                                  ``(AA) is cost-
                                                effective; and
                                                  ``(BB) does not 
                                                unduly duplicate or 
                                                overlap with any other 
                                                activity or program 
                                                carried out by any 
                                                other Federal agency; 
                                                and
                                          ``(bb) recommendations on how 
                                        to more effectively manage and 
                                        carry out 21CSC projects to 
                                        achieve the purposes of this 
                                        title in the manner described 
                                        in item (aa).
                                  ``(III) Additional reports.--The 
                                Comptroller General of the United 
                                States may submit to Congress any 
                                additional report that includes the 
                                content described in subclause (II), as 
                                the Comptroller General determines to 
                                be necessary.
          ``(4) Gifts and donations.--The head of a participating 
        entity may accept, use, or dispose of a contribution that is a 
        gift or donation of money, services, or property to support the 
        development, implementation, and expansion of a 21CSC project, 
        in accordance with applicable law (including regulations).
          ``(5) Cooperative agreements with 21csc organizations.--
                  ``(A) In general.--The head of each participating 
                entity may--
                          ``(i) develop a public-private partnership 
                        with a 21CSC organization by entering into a 
                        cooperative agreement with the 21CSC 
                        organization to support and carry out 21CSC 
                        projects; and
                          ``(ii) leverage existing resources described 
                        in section 210(b) to support a cooperative 
                        agreement.
                  ``(B) Type of cooperative agreement.--A cooperative 
                agreement under this paragraph may--
                          ``(i) be limited to an agreement for a 
                        specific 21CSC project;
                          ``(ii) be a broad agreement covering multiple 
                        planned or future 21CSC projects; or
                          ``(iii) be an agreement for a 21CSC project 
                        to be part of a broader 21CSC initiative 
                        carried out in partnership with--
                                  ``(I) the Federal Government;
                                  ``(II) a State government; or
                                  ``(III) a tribal agency.
                  ``(C) Set share.--A cooperative agreement under this 
                paragraph shall include a provision specifying the cost 
                share that the 21CSC organization will provide under 
                section 210(c).
  ``(d) 21CSC Organizations.--
          ``(1) In general.--To be considered and approved as a 21CSC 
        organization, an organization shall, to the maximum extent 
        practicable, demonstrate the ability to meet, and provide 
        assurances that the organization will meet, each requirement 
        described in paragraphs (2) through (6).
          ``(2) 21CSC corpsmembers engaged by 21csc organizations.--
                  ``(A) In general.--In addition to meeting the 
                requirement of subparagraph (B), any individual 
                selected by a 21CSC organization to carry out a 21CSC 
                project shall, to the maximum extent practicable, be--
                          ``(i) a youth, notwithstanding paragraphs (3) 
                        and (4) of section 137(a) of the National and 
                        Community Service Act of 1990 (42 U.S.C. 
                        12591(a)) in the case of any Corpsmember 
                        participating in a 21CSC project supported and 
                        carried out by the Corporation for National and 
                        Community Service; or
                          ``(ii) a veteran not older than age 35.
                  ``(B) Citizenship requirement.--Any individual 
                selected as a Corpsmember shall be--
                          ``(i) a citizen or national of the United 
                        States;
                          ``(ii) a lawful permanent resident of the 
                        United States; or
                          ``(iii) a citizen of the Republic of the 
                        Marshall Islands, the Federated States of 
                        Micronesia, or the Republic of Palau and 
                        admitted to the United States as a nonimmigrant 
                        under the terms of the applicable Compact of 
                        Free Association with the United States.
                  ``(C) Emphasis on diversity and inclusion.--In 
                selecting a Corpsmember, a 21CSC organization shall 
                make deliberate outreach efforts to engage an 
                individual who--
                          ``(i) lives in the State or region of the 
                        21CSC organization; and
                          ``(ii) represents a traditionally underserved 
                        population, including veterans, Indians, and 
                        disadvantaged youth (as defined in section 101 
                        of the National and Community Service Act of 
                        1990 (42 U.S.C. 12511)).
          ``(3) Compensation for participants.--A 21CSC organization 
        shall provide compensation to each Corpsmember that includes 1 
        or more of the following:
                  ``(A) A wage.
                  ``(B) A stipend.
                  ``(C) A living allowance.
                  ``(D) An educational credit that may be applied 
                towards a program of postsecondary education at an 
                institution of higher education that agrees to award 
                the credit for participation in a 21CSC project.
          ``(4) Organization of service for participants.--
                  ``(A) In general.--In carrying out a 21CSC project, a 
                21CSC organization shall, to the maximum extent 
                practicable, organize each Corpsmember as--
                          ``(i) a crew-based participant who--
                                  ``(I) serves together with other 
                                crew-based participants; and
                                  ``(II) is directly supervised by a 
                                trained and experienced crew-based 
                                leader or conservation professional; or
                          ``(ii) an individual or small team-based 
                        participant who serves--
                                  ``(I) individually or in a 
                                coordinated small team, as applicable;
                                  ``(II) under the direction of a 
                                conservation professional; and
                                  ``(III) on an initiative that 
                                requires specific skills and dedicated 
                                attention.
                  ``(B) Veteran and civilian cooperation.--A 21CSC 
                organization shall, to the maximum extent practicable, 
                encourage cooperation among veteran and civilian 
                Corpsmembers.
          ``(5) 21CSC projects.--A 21CSC organization shall carry out a 
        21CSC project that includes national service, and may be a 
        priority project, involving--
                  ``(A) the conservation, restoration, and enhancement 
                of--
                          ``(i) a unit of the National Park System or 
                        National Forest System;
                          ``(ii) public or tribal land or water; or
                          ``(iii) natural, cultural, or historical 
                        resources or treasures;
                  ``(B) the conservation, restoration, management, and 
                development of the natural resources and infrastructure 
                of the United States, including--
                          ``(i) removal of invasive species;
                          ``(ii) wildfire prevention and response;
                          ``(iii) disaster resiliency, mitigation, 
                        response, and recovery;
                          ``(iv) trail development and maintenance;
                          ``(v) coastal restoration and resiliency;
                          ``(vi) historic preservation;
                          ``(vii) public safety;
                          ``(viii) energy efficiency and alternative 
                        energy;
                          ``(ix) water infrastructure;
                          ``(x) construction, repair, rehabilitation, 
                        or maintenance of--
                                  ``(I) a road;
                                  ``(II) a campground; or
                                  ``(III) any other recreation or 
                                visitor facility or housing structure; 
                                and
                          ``(xi) any other related project that 
                        furthers the purposes of this title;
                  ``(C) the support, development, and enhancement of 
                outdoor recreation or urban green space for the purpose 
                of public access;
                  ``(D) service that is primarily indoors, such as 
                service in a science, policy, or program internship, 
                with a clear benefit for natural, cultural, or historic 
                resources or treasures, which may include the provision 
                of interpretation and education services to--
                          ``(i) the public; or
                          ``(ii) a cooperating association, educational 
                        institution, friends group, or similar 
                        nonprofit partner organization; and
                  ``(E) notwithstanding section 132A of the National 
                and Community Service Act of 1990 (42 U.S.C. 12584a), a 
                project described in this paragraph on private land or 
                water in partnership with a private entity if--
                          ``(i) the project has a direct or recognized 
                        public or environmental benefit; or
                          ``(ii) the funding for the project originated 
                        from a governmental entity, regardless of the 
                        end payor.
          ``(6) 21CSC corpsmembers.--In carrying out a 21CSC project, a 
        21CSC organization shall provide each Corpsmember with--
                  ``(A) in-demand skills development, certification and 
                credentials, and education to prepare the Corpsmember 
                for success in transitioning to the 21st century 
                workforce;
                  ``(B) community skill development to help the 
                Corpsmember--
                          ``(i) acquire an ethic of service to others 
                        and the United States; and
                          ``(ii) become a more effective natural 
                        resource and community steward; and
                  ``(C) a greater understanding of the natural, 
                cultural, or historic resources or treasures of the 
                United States.
  ``(e) Corpsmember Compensation and Employment Standards.--
          ``(1) Corpsmember compensation standard.--
                  ``(A) Specific wage rates.--A form of compensation 
                provided under subparagraph (A), (B), or (C) of 
                subsection (d)(3) shall be considered to be established 
                at a specific wage rate, in the same manner as the 
                compensation provided for a living allowance under 
                section 140 of the National and Community Service Act 
                of 1990 (42 U.S.C. 12594).
                  ``(B) Compensation for certain corpsmembers.--The 
                compensation provided under subsection (d)(3) to a 
                Corpsmember who is not a participant in a 21CSC project 
                supported by the Corporation for National and Community 
                Service shall not be subject to any provision of 
                (including a regulation under) the National and 
                Community Service Act of 1990 (42 U.S.C. 12501 et seq.) 
                relating to a wage rate, but shall be considered to be 
                established at a specific wage rate, in the manner 
                described in subparagraph (A).
                  ``(C) Rule of construction.--Nothing in subparagraph 
                (A) applies a specific wage rate for a living allowance 
                that is established under section 140 of the National 
                and Community Service Act of 1990 (42 U.S.C. 12594) to 
                the compensation of a Corpsmember under subsection 
                (d)(3).
          ``(2) Corpsmember employment standard.--
                  ``(A) In general.--Except as provided in 
                subparagraphs (B) and (C), in parity with section 
                101(30) of the National and Community Service Act of 
                1990 (42 U.S.C. 12511(30)), a Corpsmember shall be 
                considered to be a participant (as defined in section 
                101 of the National and Community Service Act of 1990 
                (42 U.S.C. 12511)), not an employee, of the 21CSC 
                organization for which the Corpsmember serves.
                  ``(B) Federal employment provisions.--Notwithstanding 
                subparagraph (A), Federal employment provisions shall 
                apply to a Corpsmember to the extent that those 
                provisions apply to a participant or crew leader under 
                section 199M(b) of the National and Community Service 
                Act of 1990 (42 U.S.C. 12655n(b)).
                  ``(C) Child labor provisions.--Notwithstanding 
                subparagraph (A)--
                          ``(i) the child labor provisions under 
                        section 12 of the Fair Labor Standards Act of 
                        1938 (29 U.S.C. 212) (including any order or 
                        regulation issued under the authority of such 
                        section or section 3(l) of such Act (29 U.S.C. 
                        203(l))) shall apply to a Corpsmember and the 
                        21CSC organization for which the Corpsmember 
                        serves in the same manner as such provisions 
                        apply to an employee and an employer under such 
                        Act; and
                          ``(ii) a violation of a section specified in 
                        clause (i) by a 21CSC organization shall be 
                        enforced by the Secretary of Labor in the same 
                        manner, and subject to the same penalties under 
                        the Fair Labor Standards Act of 1938 (29 U.S.C. 
                        201 et seq.), as a violation by an employer of 
                        section 12 of such Act (29 U.S.C. 212).
          ``(3) Civil service.--An individual may be enrolled as a 
        Corpsmember without regard to the civil service and 
        classification laws, rules, or regulations.''.

SEC. 5. 21ST CENTURY CONSERVATION SERVICE CORPS CONSERVATION CENTERS 
                    AND PROGRAM SUPPORT.

  Section 205 of the Public Lands Corps Act of 1993 (16 U.S.C. 1724) is 
amended--
          (1) in subsection (a)--
                  (A) by striking ``Secretary'' each place it appears 
                and inserting ``head of a participating entity''; and
                  (B) in paragraph (1)--
                          (i) in subparagraph (A), by striking ``Public 
                        Lands Corps'' and inserting ``21CSC''; and
                          (ii) in subparagraph (B), by striking 
                        ``conservation projects'' and inserting ``21CSC 
                        projects'';
          (2) in subsection (b)--
                  (A) in the heading, by inserting ``, Temporary 
                Housing, and Transportation'' after ``Logistical 
                Support'';
                  (B) in the first sentence--
                          (i) by striking ``The Secretary'' and 
                        inserting the following:
          ``(1) Logistical support.--
                  ``(A) In general.--The head of a participating 
                entity''; and
                          (ii) by striking ``the Corps'' and inserting 
                        ``the 21CSC'';
                  (C) in the second sentence, by striking ``Logistical 
                support'' and inserting the following:
                  ``(B) Inclusions.--Logistical support provided under 
                subparagraph (A)''; and
                  (D) by adding at the end the following:
          ``(2) Temporary housing.--The head of a participating entity 
        may make arrangements with another Federal agency or a State, 
        local government, or private organization to provide temporary 
        housing for Corpsmembers as needed and available.
          ``(3) Transportation.--The head of a participating entity may 
        provide transportation to and from 21CSC project sites for 
        Corpsmembers that reside in their own homes.'';
          (3) in subsection (c)--
                  (A) by striking ``The Secretary'' and inserting ``The 
                head of a participating entity''; and
                  (B) by striking ``the Corps for training or housing 
                Corps participants'' and inserting ``the 21CSC for 
                training or housing Corpsmembers''; and
          (4) in subsection (d), by striking ``The Secretary'' and 
        inserting ``The head of a participating entity''.

SEC. 6. RESOURCE ASSISTANTS.

  Section 206 of the Public Lands Corps Act of 1993 (16 U.S.C. 1725) is 
amended--
          (1) in subsection (a)--
                  (A) in the fourth sentence, by striking ``The 
                Secretary'' and inserting the following:
          ``(4) Preference.--The head of a participating entity'';
                  (B) in the third sentence, by striking ``The 
                Secretary'' and inserting the following:
          ``(3) Selection.--The head of a participating entity'';
                  (C) in the second sentence, by striking ``To be 
                eligible'' and inserting the following:
          ``(2) Eligibility.--To be eligible''; and
                  (D) by striking the first sentence and inserting the 
                following:
          ``(1) In general.--The head of a participating entity may 
        provide individual placements of resource assistants to carry 
        out research or resource protection activities on behalf of the 
        participating entity.''; and
          (2) by striking subsection (b) and inserting the following:
  ``(b) Preference for the Use of 21CSC Organizations.--
          ``(1) In general.--If the head of a participating entity 
        determines that a 21CSC organization can provide appropriate 
        recruitment and placement services to fulfill the requirements 
        of this section, the head of the participating entity may 
        implement this section through a 21CSC organization.
          ``(2) Contribution to expenses.--A 21CSC organization 
        providing recruitment and placement services under paragraph 
        (1) shall contribute to the expenses of providing and 
        supporting resource assistants, through 1 or more private 
        sources of funding, at a level equal to 25 percent of the total 
        costs of each participant in the resource assistant program 
        that has been recruited and placed through the 21CSC 
        organization.
          ``(3) Annual report.--A 21CSC organization providing 
        recruitment and placement services under paragraph (1) shall 
        submit to the head of the applicable participating entity an 
        annual report that evaluates the scope, size, and quality of 
        the resource assistant program carried out by the 21CSC 
        organization, including a description of the value of the work 
        contributed by resource assistants to the mission of the 
        participating entity.''.

SEC. 7. ELIGIBILITY FOR NONCOMPETITIVE HIRING STATUS.

  Section 207 of the Public Lands Corps Act of 1993 (16 U.S.C. 1726) is 
amended to read as follows:

``SEC. 207. ELIGIBILITY FOR NONCOMPETITIVE HIRING STATUS.

  ``(a) Definitions.--In this section--
          ``(1) the terms `land management agency' and `time-limited 
        appointment' have the meanings given those terms in section 
        9601 of title 5, United States Code; and
          ``(2) the term `qualified Corpsmember' means a Corpsmember 
        who is certified by a corresponding participating entity as 
        having successfully completed 640 hours of service with a 21CSC 
        organization.
  ``(b) Hiring.--
          ``(1) In general.--Subject to paragraph (2) and subsection 
        (c), a qualified Corpsmember shall be eligible for appointment 
        in the competitive service in the same manner as a Peace Corps 
        volunteer as prescribed in Executive Order 11103 (22 U.S.C. 
        2504 note; relating to Providing for the Appointment of Former 
        Peace Corps Volunteers to the Civilian Career Services), as 
        amended by Executive Order 12107 (44 Fed. Reg. 1055; relating 
        to the Civil Service Commission and Labor-Management in the 
        Federal Service).
          ``(2) Period.--A qualified Corpsmember shall be eligible for 
        an appointment under paragraph (1) during the 2-year period 
        beginning on the date on which the Corpsmember completes the 
        640 hours of service required under subsection (a)(2).
          ``(3) Time-limited appointment.--For purposes of section 9602 
        of title 5, United States Code, a qualified Corpsmember hired 
        by a participating entity that is a land management agency for 
        a time-limited appointment shall be considered to be appointed 
        initially under open, competitive examination.
  ``(c) Service Hours.--
          ``(1) In general.--The 640 hours of service required under 
        subsection (a)(2) may include service on 1 or more projects 
        carried out by a Corpsmember with 1 or more participating 
        entities during 1 or more terms of service in a 21CSC 
        organization.
          ``(2) Competitive service.--To be eligible for noncompetitive 
        hiring status under subsection (b), a Corpsmember shall perform 
        the 640 hours of service required under subsection (a)(2)--
                  ``(A) carrying out a project on public or tribal land 
                or water; or
                  ``(B) in service with, or on a project supported in 
                whole or in part by, a participating entity.
          ``(3) Priorities.--The head of each participating entity is 
        encouraged, to the maximum extent practicable, to identify a 
        sufficient number of 21CSC projects on public or tribal land or 
        water that are aligned with the priorities of the participating 
        entity so as to facilitate the attainment of the 640 hours of 
        service by Corpsmembers required under subsection (a)(2).
          ``(4) Tracking hours.--Participating entities shall 
        coordinate with 21CSC organizations to identify the most 
        effective and efficient method for tracking and certifying the 
        640 hours of service required under subsection (a)(2).
  ``(d) Guidance.--The head of each participating entity, and any 
subdivision of a participating entity, shall coordinate with the head 
of each other participating entity, and subdivision of each other 
participating entity, to implement and issue guidance on eligibility 
for noncompetitive hiring status under subsection (b) in a uniform 
manner to--
          ``(1) improve the efficiency and use of noncompetitive hiring 
        authority; and
          ``(2) minimize inconsistency.''.

SEC. 8. NATIONAL SERVICE EDUCATIONAL AWARDS.

  Section 208 of the Public Lands Corps Act of 1993 (16 U.S.C. 1727) is 
amended--
          (1) in subsection (a), in the first sentence--
                  (A) by striking ``participant in the Public Lands 
                Corps'' and inserting ``Corpsmember''; and
                  (B) by striking ``the participant'' and inserting 
                ``the Corpsmember''; and
          (2) in subsection (b)--
                  (A) by striking ``either participants in the Corps'' 
                and inserting ``Corpsmembers''; and
                  (B) by striking ``such a participant'' and inserting 
                ``a Corpsmember''.

SEC. 9. NONDISPLACEMENT.

  Section 209 of the Public Lands Corps Act of 1993 (16 U.S.C. 1728) is 
amended--
          (1) by striking ``Public Lands Corps'' and inserting 
        ``21CSC''; and
          (2) by striking ``qualified youth or conservation corps'' and 
        inserting ``Corpsmember or a 21CSC organization''.

SEC. 10. FUNDING.

  Section 210 of the Public Lands Corps Act of 1993 (16 U.S.C. 1729) is 
amended--
          (1) by redesignating subsections (a) through (c) as 
        subsections (d) through (f), respectively;
          (2) by inserting before subsection (d) (as so redesignated) 
        the following:
  ``(a) Investments.--
          ``(1) In general.--In addition to using the funds described 
        in subsections (b) and (c) to fund 21CSC projects, each 21CSC 
        organization shall leverage those funds by soliciting cash or 
        in-kind contributions from public or private sources.
          ``(2) Methods.--A 21CSC organization may leverage funds by 
        soliciting contributions using innovative strategies, such as 
        crowd-funding.
  ``(b) Existing Resources.--To fund a 21CSC project, the head of each 
participating entity shall be limited to using existing funds 
appropriated or allocated to the participating entity, as of the period 
of implementation of the 21CSC project, under any law or authority 
other than this title.
  ``(c) Set Cost Share.--A 21CSC organization carrying out a 21CSC 
project shall provide a cost share of not less than 10 percent of the 
total cost of the 21CSC project, which may include cash or in-kind 
contributions from a State, local, or private source.'';
          (3) in subsection (d) (as so redesignated)--
                  (A) in paragraph (1)--
                          (i) in the paragraph heading, by striking 
                        ``qualified youth or conservation corps'' and 
                        inserting ``corpsmembers or 21csc 
                        organizations''; and
                          (ii) by striking the first and second 
                        sentences; and
                  (B) in paragraph (2)--
                          (i) in the paragraph heading, by striking 
                        ``Public lands corps'' and inserting ``21csc'';
                          (ii) in the first sentence--
                                  (I) by striking ``The Secretary is 
                                authorized to'' and inserting ``The 
                                head of a participating entity may'';
                                  (II) by striking ``Public Lands 
                                Corps'' and inserting ``21CSC''; and
                                  (III) by striking ``the Corps'' and 
                                inserting ``the 21CSC''; and
                          (iii) in the second sentence, by striking 
                        ``the Corps'' and ``the 21CSC'';
          (4) in subsection (e) (as so redesignated), by striking ``In 
        order'' and all that follows through ``the Secretary'' and 
        inserting ``To carry out the 21CSC or to support resource 
        assistants and Corpsmembers or 21CSC organizations under this 
        title, the head of a participating entity''; and
          (5) in subsection (f) (as so redesignated)--
                  (A) by striking ``section 211'' and inserting 
                ``section 213''; and
                  (B) by striking ``Public Lands Corps'' and inserting 
                ``21CSC''.

SEC. 11. INDIAN YOUTH 21ST CENTURY CONSERVATION SERVICE CORPS; RULE OF 
                    CONSTRUCTION.

  The Public Lands Corps Act of 1993 (16 U.S.C. 1721 et seq.) is 
amended--
          (1) by redesignating section 211 as section 213; and
          (2) by inserting after section 210 the following:

``SEC. 211. INDIAN YOUTH 21ST CENTURY CONSERVATION SERVICE CORPS.

  ``(a) Authorization of Cooperative Agreements.--The head of a 
participating entity may offer to enter into a cooperative agreement 
with a tribal agency or a 21CSC organization to establish and 
administer the Indian Youth 21st Century Conservation Service Corps, 
which shall carry out 1 or more 21CSC projects on tribal land or water.
  ``(b) Guidelines.--Not later than 18 months after the date of 
enactment of the 21st Century Conservation Service Corps Act, the 
Secretary of the Interior, in consultation with Indian tribes, shall 
issue guidelines for the management of the Indian Youth 21st Century 
Conservation Service Corps, in accordance with this Act and any other 
applicable Federal laws.

``SEC. 212. RULE OF CONSTRUCTION.

  ``Except where otherwise provided for in this title, the requirements 
and authorities provided under this title with respect to Corpsmembers, 
21CSC organizations, and participating entities with respect to a 21CSC 
project shall be in addition to any requirement or authority provided 
under other Federal law with respect to Corpsmembers, 21CSC 
organizations, and participating entities with respect to the 21CSC 
project.''.

SEC. 12. DIRECT HIRE AUTHORITY.

  Section 121(a) of the Department of the Interior, Environment, and 
Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 2012 (16 U.S.C. 1725a(a)), is 
amended--
          (1) in paragraph (1)--
                  (A) by striking ``Secretary of the Interior'' and 
                inserting ``head of a participating entity (as defined 
                in section 203 of the Public Lands Corps Act of 1993 
                (16 U.S.C. 1722)) (referred to in this subsection as a 
                `participating entity')''; and
                  (B) by striking ``in paragraph (1) directly to a 
                position with a land managing agency of the Department 
                of the Interior'' and inserting ``in paragraph (2) 
                directly to a position with a participating entity''; 
                and
          (2) in paragraph (2)(A), by striking ``land managing agency'' 
        and inserting ``participating entity''.

SEC. 13. NATIONAL AND COMMUNITY SERVICE PROGRAMS.

  (a) Nonprofit Capacity Building.--Section 198S(a)(4) of the National 
and Community Service Act of 1990 (42 U.S.C. 12653s(a)(4)) is amended 
by striking ``and the District of Columbia'' and inserting ``the 
District of Columbia, American Samoa, Guam, the Northern Mariana 
Islands, Puerto Rico, and the Virgin Islands of the United States''.
  (b) Compact Migrant Eligibility.--Section 137(a)(5) of the National 
and Community Service Act of 1990 (42 U.S.C. 12591(a)(5)) is amended to 
read as follows:
          ``(5) is a citizen or national of the United States or lawful 
        permanent resident alien of the United States, or is a citizen 
        of the Republic of the Marshall Islands, the Federated States 
        of Micronesia, or the Republic of Palau and admitted to the 
        United States as a nonimmigrant under the terms of the 
        applicable Compact of Free Association with the United 
        States.''.
  (c) Effective Date.--The amendments made by this section shall apply 
to any participant in a program under the National and Community 
Service Act of 1990 (42 U.S.C. 12501 et seq.) selected after the date 
of enactment of this section.

SEC. 14. YOUTH CONSERVATION CORPS.

   Public Law 91-378 (commonly known as the ``Youth Conservation Corps 
Act of 1970'') (16 U.S.C. 1701 et seq.) is amended--
          (1) in section 102(a) (16 U.S.C. 1702(a)), by--
                  (A) striking ``trust territories, or'' and inserting 
                ``or the''; and
                  (B) inserting ``(or who are citizens of the Republic 
                of the Marshall Islands, the Federated States of 
                Micronesia, or the Republic of Palau and admitted to 
                the United States as nonimmigrants under the terms of 
                the applicable Compact of Free Association with the 
                United States),'' after ``Puerto Rico''; and
          (2) in section 104 (16 U.S.C. 1704)--
                  (A) in subsection (a), by striking ``the Trust 
                Territory of the Pacific Islands, and American Samoa'' 
                and inserting ``American Samoa, and the Commonwealth of 
                the Northern Mariana Islands''; and
                  (B) in subsection (b)(1)(A), by striking ``, 
                possessions, or the Trust Territory of the Pacific 
                Islands'' and inserting ``or possessions (or the 
                citizens of the Republic of the Marshall Islands, the 
                Federated States of Micronesia, or the Republic of 
                Palau and admitted to the United States as 
                nonimmigrants under the terms of the applicable Compact 
                of Free Association with the United States)''.

                          Purpose of the Bill

    The purpose of H.R. 2987 is to amend the Public Lands Corps 
Act of 1993 to establish the 21st Century Conservation Service 
Corps to place youth and veterans in national service positions 
to conserve, restore, and enhance the great outdoors of the 
United States.

                  Background and Need for Legislation

    In 2010, President Obama created the America's Great 
Outdoors Initiative to encourage Americans, particularly young 
people, to enjoy our country's rivers and waterways, farms and 
forests, and local and national parks. As part of this 
initiative, the President called for the creation of the 21st 
Century Conservation Service Corps (21CSC) to establish quality 
jobs, career pathways and service opportunities for youths and 
veterans.
    In response to the President's initiative, the Department 
of the Interior and its land management bureaus, along with the 
U.S. Forest Service, established public-private partnership 
programs identified informally as 21CSC partnerships. The 
Public Lands Corps Act of 1993 (Public Law 103-82, 16 U.S.C. 
1721 et seq.) authorizes the Department of the Interior and the 
U.S. Forest Service to collaborate with youth conservation 
corps on 21CSC projects across the country. Our nation's land 
management agencies have maintenance backlogs totaling over 
$18.6 billion.\1\ By partnering with 21CSC programs through 
cooperative agreements, these agencies have leveraged their 
funding to cost-effectively use corps members for a variety of 
projects, including building trails, fighting wildfires, 
restoring watersheds, removing invasive species, and providing 
front-line services for visitors.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \1\Vincent, Deferred Maintenance of Federal Land Management 
Agencies: FY2007-FY2016 Estimates and Issues (April 25, 2017), p. 1.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    H.R. 2987 expands the number of federal agencies authorized 
to enter into cooperative agreements with 21CSC groups to 
include the Departments of Transportation, Labor, Energy, 
Defense, Veterans Affairs, Commerce, Education, Housing and 
Urban Development; the Corporation for National and Community 
Service; the Army Corps of Engineers; the Federal Emergency 
Management Agency; and any other agencies as designated by the 
President.
    Furthermore, the bill provides participating agencies 
flexibility to support 21CSC projects in a manner consistent 
with each agency's mission and resources, while seeking to 
minimize the duplication of a specific project. Authorizing 
21CSC groups to carry out projects directly with other agencies 
relieves some of the administrative burden on the Departments 
of the Interior and Agriculture, which currently serve as 
sponsoring entities for 21CSC projects carried out by federal 
entities outside those two departments. The bill also requires 
participating agencies to report to Congress to ensure 21CSC 
activities are carried out in a cost-effective manner.
    H.R. 2987 codifies and expands the 21st Century 
Conservation Service Corps program. The bill would officially 
rename the Public Lands Corps as the 21st Century Conservation 
Service Corps, expand the participation of veterans of the U.S. 
Armed Forces in the corps, increase the number of federal 
agencies that are able to use the program, authorize a program 
specifically for Indian youth to carry out projects on tribal 
lands, and establish standards for data collection and 
measuring the effectiveness of 21CSC programs.
    The Subcommittee on Federal Lands held a hearing on H.R. 
5114, a similar bill introduced in the 114th Congress, on June 
23, 2016. A Senate companion bill, S. 1403, has been introduced 
in the 115th Congress by Senator John McCain.

                            Committee Action

    H.R. 2987 was introduced on June 21, 2017, by Congresswoman 
Martha McSally (R-AZ). The bill was referred to the Committee 
on Natural Resources, and additionally to the Committee on 
Education and the Workforce, the Committee on Agriculture, the 
Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure, and the 
Committee on Energy and Commerce. Within the Natural Resources 
Committee, the bill was referred to the Subcommittee on Federal 
Lands, the Subcommittee on Indian, Insular and Alaska Native 
Affairs, and the Subcommittee on Water, Power and Oceans. On 
January 17, 2018, the Natural Resources Committee met to 
consider the bill. The Subcommittees were discharged by 
unanimous consent. Congresswoman Madeleine Z. Bordallo (D-GU) 
offered an amendment designated 038; it was adopted by 
unanimous consent. Congresswoman Madeleine Z. Bordallo (D-GU) 
offered an amendment designated 039; it was adopted by 
unanimous consent. Congressman Rob Bishop (R-UT) offered an 
amendment designated #1; it was adopted by unanimous consent. 
Congresswoman Madeleine Z. Bordallo (D-GU) offered an amendment 
designated 040; it was adopted by unanimous consent. No 
additional amendments were offered, and the bill, as amended, 
was ordered favorably reported to the House of Representatives 
by unanimous consent.

            Committee Oversight Findings and Recommendations

    Regarding clause 2(b)(1) of rule X and clause 3(c)(1) of 
rule XIII of the Rules of the House of Representatives, the 
Committee on Natural Resources' oversight findings and 
recommendations are reflected in the body of this report.

                  Compliance With House Rule XIII and 
                        Congressional Budget Act

    1. Cost of Legislation and the Congressional Budget Act. 
With respect to the requirements of clause 3(c)(2) and (3) of 
rule XIII of the Rules of the House of Representatives and 
sections 308(a) and 402 of the Congressional Budget Act of 
1974, the Committee has received the following estimate for the 
bill from the Director of the Congressional Budget Office:

                                     U.S. Congress,
                               Congressional Budget Office,
                                       Washington, DC, May 4, 2018.
Hon. Rob Bishop,
Chairman, Committee on Natural Resources,
House of Representatives, Washington, DC.
    Dear Mr. Chairman: The Congressional Budget Office has 
prepared the enclosed cost estimate for H.R. 2987, the 21st 
Century Conservation Service Corps Act of 2017.
    If you wish further details on this estimate, we will be 
pleased to provide them. The CBO staff contact is Jeff LaFave.
            Sincerely,
                                                Keith Hall,
                                                          Director.
    Enclosure.

H.R. 2987--21st Century Conservation Service Corps Act of 2017

    H.R. 2987 would amend the Public Lands Corps Act of 1993, 
which governs programs that employ young adults to work on 
lands managed by the Department of the Interior and the Forest 
Service. Under current law, those programs are permanently 
authorized to receive appropriations totaling $12 million a 
year.
    Existing Public Lands Corps (PLC) programs vary by agency 
and funding source. Although historically some agencies have 
received specific appropriations to carry out the program, the 
National Park Service often has derived funding from recreation 
fees that the agency can use without further appropriation 
action. The Department of the Interior cannot provide 
information regarding the amount of funding each agency has 
allocated to implement PLC programs in recent years.
    In addition to changing the name of the Public Lands Corps 
to the 21st Century Conservation Service Corps, H.R. 2987 
would:
           Expand the program to include at least 11 
        additional federal agencies,
           Assist Indian tribes and related youth 
        groups with the operation of the Indian Youth 21st 
        Century Conservation Service Corps,
           Require participating agencies to designate 
        program coordinators,
           Open the program to veterans under the age 
        of 35, and
           Authorize agencies to use appropriated funds 
        to provide transportation subsidies to program 
        participants.
    Although H.R. 2987 would expand the program and authorize 
several new activities under the Public Lands Corps Act, the 
bill would not increase the amounts authorized to be 
appropriated under that act. Thus, CBO estimates that 
implementing the bill would not affect the federal budget over 
the 2019-2023 period.
    Enacting H.R. 2987 would not affect direct spending or 
revenues; therefore, pay-as-you-go procedures do not apply.
    CBO estimates that enacting H.R. 2987 would not increase 
net direct spending or on-budget deficits in any of the four 
consecutive 10-year periods beginning in 2029.
    H.R. 2987 contains no intergovernmental or private-sector 
mandates as defined in the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act.
    The CBO staff contact for this estimate is Jeff LaFave. The 
estimate was reviewed by H. Samuel Papenfuss, Deputy Assistant 
Director for Budget Analysis.
    2. General Performance Goals and Objectives. As required by 
clause 3(c)(4) of rule XIII, the general performance goal or 
objective of this bill is to amend the Public Lands Corps Act 
of 1993 to establish the 21st Century Conservation Service 
Corps to place youth and veterans in national service positions 
to conserve, restore, and enhance the great outdoors of the 
United States.

                           Earmark Statement

    This bill does not contain any Congressional earmarks, 
limited tax benefits, or limited tariff benefits as defined 
under clause 9(e), 9(f), and 9(g) of rule XXI of the Rules of 
the House of Representatives.

                    Compliance With Public Law 104-4

    This bill contains no unfunded mandates.

                       Compliance With H. Res. 5

    Directed Rule Making. This bill does not contain any 
directed rule makings.
    Duplication of Existing Programs. This bill does not 
establish or reauthorize a program of the federal government 
known to be duplicative of another program. Such program was 
not included in any report from the Government Accountability 
Office to Congress pursuant to section 21 of Public Law 111-139 
or identified in the most recent Catalog of Federal Domestic 
Assistance published pursuant to the Federal Program 
Information Act (Public Law 95-220, as amended by Public Law 
98-169) as relating to other programs.

                Preemption of State, Local or Tribal Law

    This bill is not intended to preempt any State, local or 
tribal law.

         Changes in Existing Law Made by the Bill, as Reported

  In compliance with clause 3(e) of rule XIII of the Rules of 
the House of Representatives, changes in existing law made by 
the bill, as reported, are shown as follows (existing law 
proposed to be omitted is enclosed in black brackets, new 
matter is printed in italic, and existing law in which no 
change is proposed is shown in roman):

                     PUBLIC LANDS CORPS ACT OF 1993



           *       *       *       *       *       *       *
TITLE II--PUBLIC LANDS CORPS

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


[SEC. 202. CONGRESSIONAL FINDINGS AND PURPOSE.

  [(a) Findings.--The Congress finds the following:
          [(1) Conserving or developing natural and cultural 
        resources and enhancing and maintaining environmentally 
        important lands and waters through the use of the 
        Nation's young men and women in a Public Lands Corps 
        can benefit those men and women by providing them with 
        education and work opportunities, furthering their 
        understanding and appreciation of the natural and 
        cultural resources, and providing a means to pay for 
        higher education or to repay indebtedness they have 
        incurred to obtain higher education while at the same 
        time benefiting the Nation's economy and its 
        environment.
          [(2) Many facilities and natural resources located on 
        eligible service lands are in disrepair or degraded and 
        in need of labor intensive rehabilitation, restoration, 
        and enhancement work which cannot be carried out by 
        Federal agencies at existing personnel levels.
          [(3) Youth conservation corps have established a good 
        record of restoring and maintaining these kinds of 
        facilities and resources in a cost effective and 
        efficient manner, especially when they have worked in 
        partnership arrangements with government land 
        management agencies.
  [(b) Purpose.--It is the purpose of this title to--
          [(1) perform, in a cost-effective manner, appropriate 
        conservation projects on eligible service lands where 
        such projects will not be performed by existing 
        employees;
          [(2) assist governments and Indian tribes in 
        performing research and public education tasks 
        associated with natural and cultural resources on 
        eligible service lands;
          [(3) expose young men and women to public service 
        while furthering their understanding and appreciation 
        of the Nation's natural and cultural resources;
          [(4) expand educational opportunities by rewarding 
        individuals who participate in national service with an 
        increased ability to pursue higher education or job 
        training; and
          [(5) stimulate interest among the Nation's young men 
        and women in conservation careers by exposing them to 
        conservation professionals in land managing agencies.

[SEC. 203. DEFINITIONS.

  [For purposes of this title:
          [(1) Appropriate conservation project.--The term 
        ``appropriate conservation project'' means any project 
        for the conservation, restoration, construction or 
        rehabilitation of natural, cultural, historic, 
        archaeological, recreational, or scenic resources.
          [(2) Corps and public lands corps.--The terms 
        ``Corps'' and ``Public Lands Corps'' mean the Public 
        Lands Corps established under section 204.
          [(3) Eligible service lands.--The term ``eligible 
        service lands''means public lands, Indian lands, and 
        Hawaiian home lands.
          [(4) Hawaiian home lands.--The term ``Hawaiian home 
        lands'' means all lands given the status of Hawaiian 
        home lands under section 204 of the Hawaiian Homes 
        Commission Act, 1920 (42 Stat. 1101, or under the 
        corresponding provisjon of the Constitution of the 
        State of Hawaii adopted under section 4 of the Act 
        entitled ``An Act to provide for the admission of the 
        State of Hawaii into the Union'', approved March 18, 
        1959 (Public Law 863; 73 Stat. 5).
          [(5) Indian.--The term ``Indian'' means a person 
        who--
                  [(A) is a member of an Indian tribe; or
                  [(B) is a ``Native'', as defined in section 
                3(b) of the Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act 
                (43 U.S.C. 1602(b)).
          [(6) Indian lands.--The term ``Indian lands'' means--
                  [(A) any Indian reservation;
                  [(B) any public domain Indian allotments;
                  [(C) any former Indian reservation in the 
                State of Oklahoma;
                  [(D) any land held by incorporated Native 
                regional corporations, and village corporations 
                under the Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act 
                (43 U.S.C. 1701 et seq.); and
                  [(E) any land held by dependent Indian 
                communities within the borders of the United 
                States whether within the original or 
                subsequently acquired territory thereof, and 
                whether within or without the limits of a 
                State.
          [(7) Indian tribe.--The term ``Indian tribe'' means 
        an Indian tribe, band, nation, or other organized group 
        or community, including any Native village, Regional 
        Corporation, or Village Corporation, as defined m 
        subsection (c), (g), or (j), respectively, of section 3 
        of the Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act (43 U.S.C. 
        1602 (c), (g), or (j)), that is recognized as eligible 
        for the special programs and services provided by the 
        United States under federal law to Indians because of 
        their status as Indians.
          [(8) Priority project.--The term ``priority project'' 
        means an appropriate conservation project conducted on 
        eligible service lands to further 1 or more of the 
        purposes of the Healthy Forests Restoration Act of 2003 
        (16 U.S.C. 6501 et seq.), as follows:
                  [(A) To reduce wildfire risk to a community, 
                municipal water supply, or other at-risk 
                Federal land.
                  [(B) To protect a watershed or address a 
                threat to forest and rangeland health, 
                including catastrophic wildfire.
                  [(C) To address the impact of insect or 
                disease infestations or other damaging agents 
                on forest and rangeland health.
                  [(D) To protect, restore, or enhance forest 
                ecosystem components to--
                          [(i) promote the recovery of 
                        threatened or endangered species;
                          [(ii) improve biological diversity; 
                        or
                          [(iii) enhance productivity and 
                        carbon sequestration.
          [(9) Public lands.--The term ``public lands'' means 
        any lands or waters (or interest therein) owned or 
        administered by the United States, except that such 
        term does not include any Indian lands.
          [(10) Qualified youth or conservation corps.--The 
        term ``qualified outh or conservation corps'' means any 
        program established by a State or local government, by 
        the governing body of any Indian tribe, or by a 
        nonprofit organization that--
                  [(A) is capable of offering meaningful, full-
                time, productive work for individuals between 
                the ages of 16 and 30, inclusive, in a natural 
                or cultural resource setting;
                  [(B) gives participants a mix of work 
                experience, basic and life skills, education, 
                training, and support services; and
                  [(C) provides participants with the 
                opportunity to develop citizenship values and 
                skills through service to their community and 
                the United States.
          [(11) Resource assistant.--The term ``resource 
        assistant'' means a resource assistant selected under 
        section 206.
          [(12) Secretary.--The term ``Secretary'' means--
                  [(A) with respect to National Forest System 
                land, the Secretary of Agriculture; and
                  [(B) with respect to Indian lands, Hawaiian 
                home lands, or land administered by the 
                Department of the Interior, the Secretary of 
                the Interior.
          [(13) State.--The term ``State'' means any State of 
        the United States, the Distnct of Columbia, the 
        Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, Guam, the Virgin Islands 
        of the United States, American Samoa, and the 
        Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands.

[SEC. 204. PUBLIC LANDS CORPS PROGRAM.

  [(a) Establishment of Public Lands Corps.--There is hereby 
established in the Department of the Interior and the 
Department of Agriculture a Public Lands Corps.
  [(b) Participants.--The Corps shall consist of individuals 
between the ages of 16 and 30, inclusive, who are enrolled as 
participants in the Corps by the Secretary. To be eligible for 
enrollment in the Corps, an individual shall satisfy the 
criteria specified in section 137(b) of the National and 
Community Service Act of 1990. The Secretary may enroll such 
individuals in the Corps without regard to the civil service 
and classification laws, rules, or regulations of the United 
States. The Secretary may establish a preference for the 
enrollment in the Corps of individuals who are economically, 
physically, or educationally disadvantaged.
  [(c) Qualified Youth or Conservation Corps.--
          [(1) In general.--The Secretary is authorized to 
        enter into contracts and cooperative agreements with 
        any qualified youth or conservation corps to perform 
        appropriate conservation projects referred to in 
        subsection (d).
          [(2) Preference.--
                  [(A) In general.--For purposes of entering 
                into contracts and cooperative agreements under 
                paragraph (1), the Secretary may give 
                preference to qualified youth or conservation 
                corps located in a specific area that have a 
                substantial portion of members who are 
                economically, physically, or educationally 
                disadvantaged to carry out projects within the 
                area.
                  [(B) Priority projects.--In carrying out 
                priority projects in a specific area, the 
                Secretary shall, to the maximum extent 
                practicable, give preference to qualified youth 
                or conservation corps located in that specific 
                area that have a substantial portion of members 
                who are economically, physically, or 
                educationally disadvantaged.
  [(d) Projects To Be Carried Out.--
          [(1) In general.--The Secretary may utilize the Corps 
        or any qualified youth or conservation corps to carry 
        out appropriate conservation projects which the 
        Secretary is authorized to carry out under other 
        authority of law on public lands.
          [(2) Projects on indian lands.--Appropriate 
        conservation projects may also be carried out under 
        this title on Indian lands with the approval of the 
        Indian tribe involved and on Hawaiian home lands with 
        the approval of the Department of Hawaiian Home Lands 
        of the State of Hawaii.
          [(3) Disaster prevention or relief projects.--The 
        Secretary may authorize appropriate conservation 
        projects and other appropriate projects to be carried 
        out on Federal, State, local, or private land as part 
        of a Federal disaster prevention or relief effort.
  [(e) Preference for Certain Projects.--In selecting 
appropriate conservation projects to be carried out under this 
title, the Secretary shall give preference to those projects 
which--
          [(1) will provide long-term benefits to the public;
          [(2) will instill in the enrollee involved a work 
        ethic and a sense of public service;
          [(3) will be labor intensive;
          [(4) can be planned and initiated promptly; and
          [(5) will provide academic, experiential, or 
        environmental education opportunities.
  [(f) Consistency.--Each appropriate conservation project 
carried out under this title on eligible service lands shall be 
consistent with the provisions of law and policies relating to 
the management and administration of such lands, with all other 
applicable provisions of law, and with all management, 
operational, and other plans and documents which govern the 
administration of the area.]

SEC. 202. PURPOSES.

  The purposes of this title are--
          (1) to engage youth and veterans in the United States 
        in civilian national service positions to conserve, 
        rebuild, and enhance the outdoors, natural resources, 
        infrastructure, and recreation assets of the United 
        States;
          (2) to increase public access to, and use of, public 
        and tribal land and water, infrastructure, and natural, 
        cultural, and historical resources and treasures, while 
        spurring economic development and outdoor recreation 
        and addressing backlogged maintenance on public land;
          (3) to conserve, restore, and enhance public and 
        tribal land and water, infrastructure, and natural, 
        cultural, and historical resources and treasures by 
        carrying out high-quality, cost-effective 21st Century 
        Conservation Service Corps projects;
          (4) to ensure that, in any State or territory of the 
        United States or on any tribal land, the activities and 
        expertise of Corpsmembers will be accessible to any 
        public organization, nonprofit organization, or tribal 
        agency responsible for the stewardship of land and 
        water that is--
                  (A) public;
                  (B) tribal; or
                  (C) private and has a direct or recognized 
                public benefit, in coordination with the owner 
                of the land or water;
          (5) to place youth and veterans in civilian national 
        service positions to protect, restore, and enhance the 
        great outdoors, natural resources, infrastructure, and 
        recreation assets of the United States in a cost-
        effective manner without undue duplication or overlap 
        of activities or programs carried out by Federal 
        agencies;
          (6) to provide youth and veterans placed in civilian 
        national service positions with opportunities to gain 
        in-demand skills, credentials, and education to prepare 
        for, and transition to, success in the 21st century 
        workforce; and
          (7) to channel widespread interest among youth and 
        veterans in serving in civilian national service 
        positions to help conserve, restore, and enhance public 
        and tribal land and water, infrastructure, and natural, 
        cultural, and historical resources and treasures--
                  (A) for the enjoyment and use of future 
                generations; and
                  (B) to develop the next generation of outdoor 
                stewards, entrepreneurs, recreationists, and 
                sportsmen and sportswomen.

SEC. 203. DEFINITIONS.

  In this title:
          (1) 21CSC.--The term ``21CSC'' means the 21st Century 
        Conservation Service Corps established by section 
        204(a).
          (2) 21CSC organization.--The term ``21CSC 
        organization'' means an organization or association 
        that meets the requirements described in section 
        204(d).
          (3) 21CSC project.--The term ``21CSC project'' means 
        a project that is carried out by a 21CSC organization.
          (4) Corpsmember.--The term ``Corpsmember'' means an 
        individual who is selected by a 21CSC organization to 
        serve on a 21CSC project.
          (5) Indian.--The term ``Indian'' has the meaning 
        given the term in section 101 of the National and 
        Community Service Act of 1990 (42 U.S.C. 12511).
          (6) Indian youth 21st century conservation service 
        corps.--The term ``Indian Youth 21st Century 
        Conservation Service Corps'' means a program of a 21CSC 
        organization that--
                  (A) enrolls participants, the majority of 
                whom are Indians; and
                  (B) is established pursuant to an agreement 
                between a tribal agency and a 21CSC 
                organization for the benefit of the members of 
                the tribal agency.
          (7) Institution of higher education.--
                  (A) In general.--The term ``institution of 
                higher education'' has the meaning given the 
                term in section 102 of the Higher Education Act 
                of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1002).
                  (B) Exclusion.--The term ``institution of 
                higher education'' does not include an 
                institution outside the United States, as 
                described in section 102(a)(1)(C) of that Act 
                (20 U.S.C. 1002(a)(1)(C)).
          (8) Participating entity.--The term ``participating 
        entity'' means a Federal entity described in section 
        204(c)(2).
          (9) Priority project.--The term ``priority project'' 
        means a 21CSC project conducted to further 1 or more of 
        the purposes described in section 202 or in section 2 
        of the Healthy Forests Restoration Act of 2003 (16 
        U.S.C. 6501), including by--
                  (A) reducing wildfire risk to a community, 
                municipal water supply, or at-risk land;
                  (B) protecting a watershed;
                  (C) addressing a threat to forest land or 
                rangeland health, including catastrophic 
                wildfire;
                  (D) addressing the impact of insect or 
                disease infestation or any other damaging agent 
                on forest land, water, or rangeland health; or
                  (E) conserving, restoring, or enhancing a 
                forest ecosystem or an ecosystem on public, 
                private, or tribal land--
                          (i) to improve biological diversity; 
                        or
                          (ii) to enhance--
                                  (I) the productivity of fish 
                                and wildlife habitat;
                                  (II) the recovery of a 
                                species; or
                                  (III) carbon sequestration.
          (10) Resource assistant.--The term ``resource 
        assistant'' means a resource assistant selected under 
        section 206.
          (11) State.--The term ``State'' means--
                  (A) each of the several States of the United 
                States;
                  (B) the District of Columbia;
                  (C) the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico;
                  (D) the United States Virgin Islands;
                  (E) Guam;
                  (F) American Samoa; and
                  (G) the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana 
                Islands.
          (12) Tribal agency.--The term ``tribal agency'' has 
        the meaning given the term ``Indian tribe'' in section 
        101 of the National and Community Service Act of 1990 
        (42 U.S.C. 12511).
          (13) Tribal land or water.--The term ``tribal land or 
        water'' means any real property or water--
                  (A) owned by a tribal agency;
                  (B) held in trust by the United States for an 
                Indian or a tribal agency; or
                  (C) held by an Indian or a tribal agency that 
                is subject to a restriction on alienation 
                imposed by the United States.
          (14) Veteran.--The term ``veteran'' has the meaning 
        given the term in section 101 of title 38, United 
        States Code.
          (15) Youth.--The term ``youth'' means an individual 
        who is not younger than age 15 and not older than age 
        30.

SEC. 204. 21ST CENTURY CONSERVATION SERVICE CORPS.

  (a) Establishment.--There is established the 21st Century 
Conservation Service Corps, to be comprised of 21CSC 
organizations and Corpsmembers, to carry out, in partnership 
with participating entities, the purposes of this title.
  (b) Designation of Coordinators.--The head of each 
participating entity, and the head of any bureau or subdivision 
of each participating entity, shall designate a 21CSC 
coordinator to coordinate any activity of the 21CSC or a 21CSC 
project carried out by the participating entity or the bureau 
or subdivision of the participating entity.
  (c) Participating Entities.--
          (1) In general.--The 21CSC shall be implemented 
        jointly by the heads of the participating entities, who 
        may support the 21CSC by carrying out the activities 
        described in paragraph (3).
          (2) List of participating entities.--The 
        participating entities shall be--
                  (A) the Department of the Interior;
                  (B) the Department of Agriculture;
                  (C) the Department of Transportation;
                  (D) the Department of Labor;
                  (E) the Department of Energy;
                  (F) the Department of Defense;
                  (G) the Department of Veterans Affairs;
                  (H) the Department of Commerce;
                  (I) the Department of Education;
                  (J) the Department of Housing and Urban 
                Development;
                  (K) the Corporation for National and 
                Community Service;
                  (L) the Office of the Assistant Secretary of 
                the Army for Civil Works;
                  (M) the Federal Emergency Management Agency; 
                and
                  (N) any other Federal agency designated by 
                the President as necessary to carry out a 21CSC 
                project.
          (3) Support for the 21csc.--
                  (A) In general.--The head of a participating 
                entity may provide support to the 21CSC by--
                          (i) establishing standards for the 
                        21CSC;
                          (ii) establishing a process for an 
                        organization to apply and be approved 
                        to become a 21CSC organization;
                          (iii) developing and supporting a 
                        public-private partnership referred to 
                        in paragraph (5)(A)(i);
                          (iv) using or leveraging existing 
                        funds, or acquiring funds and other 
                        resources, under section 210 to support 
                        21CSC projects through entering into a 
                        cooperative agreement under paragraph 
                        (5)(A)(i);
                          (v) leveraging existing resources 
                        described in section 210(b) to expand 
                        the use of the 21CSC to meet the 
                        mission of the participating entity;
                          (vi) using technology to support 
                        21CSC projects; and
                          (vii) collecting performance data on 
                        21CSC projects--
                                  (I) to prepare the reports 
                                referred to in subparagraph 
                                (C)(i)(I); and
                                  (II) to demonstrate the 
                                impact of the 21CSC projects.
                  (B) Coordination.--
                          (i) In general.--The heads of each of 
                        the participating entities shall, to 
                        the maximum extent practicable, 
                        coordinate with each other or the head 
                        of any other Federal agency that is 
                        affected by, or carrying out, an 
                        activity that is similar to a 21CSC 
                        project--
                                  (I) to minimize, to the 
                                maximum extent practicable, the 
                                duplication of any specific 
                                project performed by any other 
                                participating entity or Federal 
                                agency; and
                                  (II) to maximize 21CSC 
                                project completion in a cost-
                                effective manner by 
                                collaborating to leverage 
                                existing resources described in 
                                section 210(b).
                          (ii) Approval and data collection.--
                        The head of each participating entity 
                        shall, to the maximum extent 
                        practicable, coordinate with each other 
                        head of a participating entity--
                                  (I) to approve organizations 
                                as 21CSC organizations; and
                                  (II) to collect the data, 
                                when practicable in 
                                coordination with a national 
                                non-Federal 21CSC organization 
                                coordinating entity, referred 
                                to in items (aa) through (dd) 
                                of subparagraph (C)(i)(I).
                          (iii) Guidance.--The head of each 
                        participating entity shall, to the 
                        maximum extent practicable, seek 
                        guidance from--
                                  (I) the Corporation for 
                                National and Community Service;
                                  (II) the Departments of 
                                Veterans Affairs and Labor on 
                                methods to increase the 
                                participation of veterans in 
                                21CSC projects;
                                  (III) the Secretary of the 
                                Interior, acting through the 
                                Assistant Secretary for Indian 
                                Affairs, on methods to increase 
                                the participation of Indians in 
                                21CSC projects;
                                  (IV) the Secretary of Defense 
                                on participation for the 21CSC 
                                in the Skillbridge program (DoD 
                                Instruction 1322.29), and on 
                                recruiting generally, to 
                                encourage more veteran and 
                                transitioning service member 
                                engagement in 21CSC projects;
                                  (V) the Secretary of Labor 
                                and the Secretary of 
                                Agriculture on methods to 
                                increase rural youth engagement 
                                in 21CSC projects;
                                  (VI) the Secretary of Labor 
                                on methods to increase the 
                                creation of apprenticeships 
                                through 21CSC organizations, 
                                private-sector employer 
                                partnerships, and identifying 
                                career pathways aligned with 
                                21CSC projects; and
                                  (VII) the Secretary of 
                                Education on methods to 
                                increase the recognition of 
                                Corpsmembers' experience with 
                                21CSC projects as post-
                                secondary credit at higher 
                                education institutions.
                  (C) Reporting.--
                          (i) 21CSC reports.--
                                  (I) Report to congress.--As 
                                soon as practicable after the 
                                date of enactment of the 21st 
                                Century Conservation Service 
                                Corps Act, the Chief Executive 
                                Officer of the Corporation for 
                                National and Community Service, 
                                in coordination with the head 
                                of each participating entity, 
                                shall submit to Congress a 
                                report that includes data, for 
                                the year covered by the report, 
                                including--
                                          (aa) the number of 
                                        Corpsmembers that 
                                        carried out 21CSC 
                                        projects and the length 
                                        of the term of service 
                                        for each Corpsmember;
                                          (bb) the total amount 
                                        of funding provided by 
                                        participating entities 
                                        for the service of 
                                        Corpsmembers;
                                          (cc) the type of 
                                        service performed by 
                                        Corpsmembers and the 
                                        impact and 
                                        accomplishments of the 
                                        service; and
                                          (dd) any other 
                                        similar data determined 
                                        by the Chief Executive 
                                        Officer of the 
                                        Corporation for 
                                        National and Community 
                                        Service or the head of 
                                        a participating entity 
                                        to be appropriate, 
                                        including data 
                                        sufficient to determine 
                                        the effectiveness of 
                                        21CSC organizations in 
                                        carrying out activities 
                                        to achieve the purposes 
                                        of this title in a 
                                        manner that--
                                                  (AA) is cost-
                                                effective; and
                                                  (BB) does not 
                                                unduly 
                                                duplicate or 
                                                overlap with 
                                                any other 
                                                activity or 
                                                program carried 
                                                out by any 
                                                other Federal 
                                                agency.
                                  (II) Data from participating 
                                entities.--Not later than 1 
                                year after the date of 
                                enactment of the 21st Century 
                                Conservation Service Corps Act, 
                                and annually thereafter, the 
                                head of each participating 
                                entity shall submit to the 
                                Chief Executive Officer of the 
                                Corporation for National and 
                                Community Service the data 
                                described in items (aa) through 
                                (dd) of subclause (I).
                                  (III) Data collection.--The 
                                Chief Executive Officer of the 
                                Corporation for National and 
                                Community Service may 
                                coordinate with individual 
                                21CSC organizations to improve 
                                the collection of the required 
                                data described in items (aa) 
                                through (dd) of subclause (I).
                          (ii) Comptroller general reports.--
                                  (I) In general.--The 
                                Comptroller General of the 
                                United States shall prepare and 
                                submit to Congress--
                                          (aa) not later than 3 
                                        years after the date of 
                                        submission of the first 
                                        report under clause 
                                        (i)(I), an interim 
                                        report; and
                                          (bb) not later than 5 
                                        years after the date of 
                                        submission of the first 
                                        report under that 
                                        clause, a final report.
                                  (II) Contents.--The interim 
                                and final reports referred to 
                                in subclause (I) shall 
                                include--
                                          (aa) an assessment, 
                                        based on the data 
                                        described in items (aa) 
                                        through (dd) of clause 
                                        (i)(I), of the 
                                        effectiveness of 21CSC 
                                        organizations in 
                                        achieving the purposes 
                                        of this title in a 
                                        manner that--
                                                  (AA) is cost-
                                                effective; and
                                                  (BB) does not 
                                                unduly 
                                                duplicate or 
                                                overlap with 
                                                any other 
                                                activity or 
                                                program carried 
                                                out by any 
                                                other Federal 
                                                agency; and
                                          (bb) recommendations 
                                        on how to more 
                                        effectively manage and 
                                        carry out 21CSC 
                                        projects to achieve the 
                                        purposes of this title 
                                        in the manner described 
                                        in item (aa).
                                  (III) Additional reports.--
                                The Comptroller General of the 
                                United States may submit to 
                                Congress any additional report 
                                that includes the content 
                                described in subclause (II), as 
                                the Comptroller General 
                                determines to be necessary.
          (4) Gifts and donations.--The head of a participating 
        entity may accept, use, or dispose of a contribution 
        that is a gift or donation of money, services, or 
        property to support the development, implementation, 
        and expansion of a 21CSC project, in accordance with 
        applicable law (including regulations).
          (5) Cooperative agreements with 21csc 
        organizations.--
                  (A) In general.--The head of each 
                participating entity may--
                          (i) develop a public-private 
                        partnership with a 21CSC organization 
                        by entering into a cooperative 
                        agreement with the 21CSC organization 
                        to support and carry out 21CSC 
                        projects; and
                          (ii) leverage existing resources 
                        described in section 210(b) to support 
                        a cooperative agreement.
                  (B) Type of cooperative agreement.--A 
                cooperative agreement under this paragraph 
                may--
                          (i) be limited to an agreement for a 
                        specific 21CSC project;
                          (ii) be a broad agreement covering 
                        multiple planned or future 21CSC 
                        projects; or
                          (iii) be an agreement for a 21CSC 
                        project to be part of a broader 21CSC 
                        initiative carried out in partnership 
                        with--
                                  (I) the Federal Government;
                                  (II) a State government; or
                                  (III) a tribal agency.
                  (C) Set share.--A cooperative agreement under 
                this paragraph shall include a provision 
                specifying the cost share that the 21CSC 
                organization will provide under section 210(c).
  (d) 21CSC Organizations.--
          (1) In general.--To be considered and approved as a 
        21CSC organization, an organization shall, to the 
        maximum extent practicable, demonstrate the ability to 
        meet, and provide assurances that the organization will 
        meet, each requirement described in paragraphs (2) 
        through (6).
          (2) 21CSC corpsmembers engaged by 21csc 
        organizations.--
                  (A) In general.--In addition to meeting the 
                requirement of subparagraph (B), any individual 
                selected by a 21CSC organization to carry out a 
                21CSC project shall, to the maximum extent 
                practicable, be--
                          (i) a youth, notwithstanding 
                        paragraphs (3) and (4) of section 
                        137(a) of the National and Community 
                        Service Act of 1990 (42 U.S.C. 
                        12591(a)) in the case of any 
                        Corpsmember participating in a 21CSC 
                        project supported and carried out by 
                        the Corporation for National and 
                        Community Service; or
                          (ii) a veteran not older than age 35.
                  (B) Citizenship requirement.--Any individual 
                selected as a Corpsmember shall be--
                          (i) a citizen or national of the 
                        United States;
                          (ii) a lawful permanent resident of 
                        the United States; or
                          (iii) a citizen of the Republic of 
                        the Marshall Islands, the Federated 
                        States of Micronesia, or the Republic 
                        of Palau and admitted to the United 
                        States as a nonimmigrant under the 
                        terms of the applicable Compact of Free 
                        Association with the United States.
                  (C) Emphasis on diversity and inclusion.--In 
                selecting a Corpsmember, a 21CSC organization 
                shall make deliberate outreach efforts to 
                engage an individual who--
                          (i) lives in the State or region of 
                        the 21CSC organization; and
                          (ii) represents a traditionally 
                        underserved population, including 
                        veterans, Indians, and disadvantaged 
                        youth (as defined in section 101 of the 
                        National and Community Service Act of 
                        1990 (42 U.S.C. 12511)).
          (3) Compensation for participants.--A 21CSC 
        organization shall provide compensation to each 
        Corpsmember that includes 1 or more of the following:
                  (A) A wage.
                  (B) A stipend.
                  (C) A living allowance.
                  (D) An educational credit that may be applied 
                towards a program of postsecondary education at 
                an institution of higher education that agrees 
                to award the credit for participation in a 
                21CSC project.
          (4) Organization of service for participants.--
                  (A) In general.--In carrying out a 21CSC 
                project, a 21CSC organization shall, to the 
                maximum extent practicable, organize each 
                Corpsmember as--
                          (i) a crew-based participant who--
                                  (I) serves together with 
                                other crew-based participants; 
                                and
                                  (II) is directly supervised 
                                by a trained and experienced 
                                crew-based leader or 
                                conservation professional; or
                          (ii) an individual or small team-
                        based participant who serves--
                                  (I) individually or in a 
                                coordinated small team, as 
                                applicable;
                                  (II) under the direction of a 
                                conservation professional; and
                                  (III) on an initiative that 
                                requires specific skills and 
                                dedicated attention.
                  (B) Veteran and civilian cooperation.--A 
                21CSC organization shall, to the maximum extent 
                practicable, encourage cooperation among 
                veteran and civilian Corpsmembers.
          (5) 21CSC projects.--A 21CSC organization shall carry 
        out a 21CSC project that includes national service, and 
        may be a priority project, involving--
                  (A) the conservation, restoration, and 
                enhancement of--
                          (i) a unit of the National Park 
                        System or National Forest System;
                          (ii) public or tribal land or water; 
                        or
                          (iii) natural, cultural, or 
                        historical resources or treasures;
                  (B) the conservation, restoration, 
                management, and development of the natural 
                resources and infrastructure of the United 
                States, including--
                          (i) removal of invasive species;
                          (ii) wildfire prevention and 
                        response;
                          (iii) disaster resiliency, 
                        mitigation, response, and recovery;
                          (iv) trail development and 
                        maintenance;
                          (v) coastal restoration and 
                        resiliency;
                          (vi) historic preservation;
                          (vii) public safety;
                          (viii) energy efficiency and 
                        alternative energy;
                          (ix) water infrastructure;
                          (x) construction, repair, 
                        rehabilitation, or maintenance of--
                                  (I) a road;
                                  (II) a campground; or
                                  (III) any other recreation or 
                                visitor facility or housing 
                                structure; and
                          (xi) any other related project that 
                        furthers the purposes of this title;
                  (C) the support, development, and enhancement 
                of outdoor recreation or urban green space for 
                the purpose of public access;
                  (D) service that is primarily indoors, such 
                as service in a science, policy, or program 
                internship, with a clear benefit for natural, 
                cultural, or historic resources or treasures, 
                which may include the provision of 
                interpretation and education services to--
                          (i) the public; or
                          (ii) a cooperating association, 
                        educational institution, friends group, 
                        or similar nonprofit partner 
                        organization; and
                  (E) notwithstanding section 132A of the 
                National and Community Service Act of 1990 (42 
                U.S.C. 12584a), a project described in this 
                paragraph on private land or water in 
                partnership with a private entity if--
                          (i) the project has a direct or 
                        recognized public or environmental 
                        benefit; or
                          (ii) the funding for the project 
                        originated from a governmental entity, 
                        regardless of the end payor.
          (6) 21CSC corpsmembers.--In carrying out a 21CSC 
        project, a 21CSC organization shall provide each 
        Corpsmember with--
                  (A) in-demand skills development, 
                certification and credentials, and education to 
                prepare the Corpsmember for success in 
                transitioning to the 21st century workforce;
                  (B) community skill development to help the 
                Corpsmember--
                          (i) acquire an ethic of service to 
                        others and the United States; and
                          (ii) become a more effective natural 
                        resource and community steward; and
                  (C) a greater understanding of the natural, 
                cultural, or historic resources or treasures of 
                the United States.
  (e) Corpsmember Compensation and Employment Standards.--
          (1) Corpsmember compensation standard.--
                  (A) Specific wage rates.--A form of 
                compensation provided under subparagraph (A), 
                (B), or (C) of subsection (d)(3) shall be 
                considered to be established at a specific wage 
                rate, in the same manner as the compensation 
                provided for a living allowance under section 
                140 of the National and Community Service Act 
                of 1990 (42 U.S.C. 12594).
                  (B) Compensation for certain corpsmembers.--
                The compensation provided under subsection 
                (d)(3) to a Corpsmember who is not a 
                participant in a 21CSC project supported by the 
                Corporation for National and Community Service 
                shall not be subject to any provision of 
                (including a regulation under) the National and 
                Community Service Act of 1990 (42 U.S.C. 12501 
                et seq.) relating to a wage rate, but shall be 
                considered to be established at a specific wage 
                rate, in the manner described in subparagraph 
                (A).
                  (C) Rule of construction.--Nothing in 
                subparagraph (A) applies a specific wage rate 
                for a living allowance that is established 
                under section 140 of the National and Community 
                Service Act of 1990 (42 U.S.C. 12594) to the 
                compensation of a Corpsmember under subsection 
                (d)(3).
          (2) Corpsmember employment standard.--
                  (A) In general.--Except as provided in 
                subparagraphs (B) and (C), in parity with 
                section 101(30) of the National and Community 
                Service Act of 1990 (42 U.S.C. 12511(30)), a 
                Corpsmember shall be considered to be a 
                participant (as defined in section 101 of the 
                National and Community Service Act of 1990 (42 
                U.S.C. 12511)), not an employee, of the 21CSC 
                organization for which the Corpsmember serves.
                  (B) Federal employment provisions.--
                Notwithstanding subparagraph (A), Federal 
                employment provisions shall apply to a 
                Corpsmember to the extent that those provisions 
                apply to a participant or crew leader under 
                section 199M(b) of the National and Community 
                Service Act of 1990 (42 U.S.C. 12655n(b)).
                  (C) Child labor provisions.--Notwithstanding 
                subparagraph (A)--
                          (i) the child labor provisions under 
                        section 12 of the Fair Labor Standards 
                        Act of 1938 (29 U.S.C. 212) (including 
                        any order or regulation issued under 
                        the authority of such section or 
                        section 3(l) of such Act (29 U.S.C. 
                        203(l))) shall apply to a Corpsmember 
                        and the 21CSC organization for which 
                        the Corpsmember serves in the same 
                        manner as such provisions apply to an 
                        employee and an employer under such 
                        Act; and
                          (ii) a violation of a section 
                        specified in clause (i) by a 21CSC 
                        organization shall be enforced by the 
                        Secretary of Labor in the same manner, 
                        and subject to the same penalties under 
                        the Fair Labor Standards Act of 1938 
                        (29 U.S.C. 201 et seq.), as a violation 
                        by an employer of section 12 of such 
                        Act (29 U.S.C. 212).
          (3) Civil service.--An individual may be enrolled as 
        a Corpsmember without regard to the civil service and 
        classification laws, rules, or regulations.

SEC. 205. CONSERVATION CENTERS AND PROGRAM SUPPORT.

  (a) Establishment and Use.--
          (1) In general.--The [Secretary] head of a 
        participating entity may establish and use conservation 
        centers owned and operated by the [Secretary] head of a 
        participating entity for--
                  (A) use by the [Public Lands Corps] 21CSC ; 
                and
                  (B) the conduct of appropriate [conservation 
                projects] 21CSC projects under this title.
          (2) Assistance for conservation centers.--The 
        [Secretary] head of a participating entity may provide 
        to a conservation center established under paragraph 
        (1) any services, facilities, equipment, and supplies 
        that the [Secretary] head of a participating entity 
        determines to be necessary for the conservation center.
          (3) Standards for conservation centers.--The 
        [Secretary] head of a participating entity shall--
                  (A) establish basic standards of health, 
                nutrition, sanitation, and safety for all 
                conservation centers established under 
                paragraph (1); and
                  (B) ensure that the standards established 
                under subparagraph (A) are enforced.
          (4) Management.--As the [Secretary] head of a 
        participating entity determines to be appropriate, the 
        [Secretary] head of a participating entity may enter 
        into a contract or other appropriate arrangement with a 
        State or local government agency or private 
        organization to provide for the management of a 
        conservation center.
  (b) Logistical Support, Temporary Housing, and 
Transportation.-- [The Secretary]
          (1) Logistical support._
                  (A) In general._The head of a participating 
                entity  may make arrangements with the 
                Secretary of Defense to have logistical support 
                provided by the Armed Forces to [the Corps] the 
                21CSC and any conservation center established 
                under this section, where feasible. [Logistical 
                support]
                  (B) Inclusions._Logistical support provided 
                under subparagraph (A)  may include the 
                provision of temporary tent shelters where 
                needed, transportation, and residential 
                supervision.
          (2) Temporary housing.--The head of a participating 
        entity may make arrangements with another Federal 
        agency or a State, local government, or private 
        organization to provide temporary housing for 
        Corpsmembers as needed and available.
          (3) Transportation.--The head of a participating 
        entity may provide transportation to and from 21CSC 
        project sites for Corpsmembers that reside in their own 
        homes.
  (c) Use of Military Installations.--[The Secretary] The head 
of a participating entity may make arrangements with the 
Secretary of Defense to identify military installations and 
other facilities of the Department of Defense and, in 
consultation with the adjutant generals of the State National 
Guards, National Guard facilities that may be used, in whole or 
in part, by [the Corps for training or housing Corps 
participants] the 21CSC for training or housing Corpsmembers.
  (d) Assistance.--[The Secretary] The head of a participating 
entity may provide any services, facilities, equipment, 
supplies, technical assistance, oversight, monitoring, or 
evaluations that are appropriate to carry out this title.

SEC. 206. RESOURCE ASSISTANTS.

  (a) Authorization.--[The Secretary is authorized to provide 
individual placements of resource assistants with any Federal 
land managing agency under the jurisdiction of the Secretary to 
carry out research or resource protection activities on behalf 
of the agency.]
          (1) In general._The head of a participating entity 
        may provide individual placements of resource 
        assistants to carry out research or resource protection 
        activities on behalf of the participating entity.  [To 
        be eligible]
          (2) Eligibility._To be eligible  for selection as a 
        resource assistant, an individual must be at least 17 
        years of age. [The Secretary]
          (3) Selection._The head of a participating entity  
        may select resource assistants without regard to the 
        civil service and classification laws, rules, or 
        regulations of the United States. [The Secretary]
          (4) Preference._The head of a participating entity  
        shall give a preference to the selection of individuals 
        who are enrolled in an institution of higher education 
        or are recent graduates from an institution of higher 
        education, with particular attention given to ensure 
        full representation of women and participants from 
        historically black, Hispanic, and Native American 
        schools.
  [(b) Use of Existing Nonprofit Organizations.--Whenever one 
or more existing nonprofit organizations can provide, in the 
judgment of the the Secretary, appropriate recruitment and 
placement services to fulfill the requirements of this section, 
the Secretary may implement this section through such existing 
organizations. Participating nonprofit organizations shall 
contribute to the expenses of providing and supporting the 
resource assistants, through private sources of funding, at a 
level equal to 25 percent of the total costs of each 
participant in the Resource Assistant program who has been 
recruited and placed through that organization. Any such 
participating nonprofit conservation service organization shall 
be required, by the respective land managing agency, to submit 
an annual report evaluating the scope, size, and quality of the 
program, including the value of work contributed by the 
Resource Assistants, to the mission of the agency.]
  (b) Preference for the Use of 21CSC Organizations.--
          (1) In general.--If the head of a participating 
        entity determines that a 21CSC organization can provide 
        appropriate recruitment and placement services to 
        fulfill the requirements of this section, the head of 
        the participating entity may implement this section 
        through a 21CSC organization.
          (2) Contribution to expenses.--A 21CSC organization 
        providing recruitment and placement services under 
        paragraph (1) shall contribute to the expenses of 
        providing and supporting resource assistants, through 1 
        or more private sources of funding, at a level equal to 
        25 percent of the total costs of each participant in 
        the resource assistant program that has been recruited 
        and placed through the 21CSC organization.
          (3) Annual report.--A 21CSC organization providing 
        recruitment and placement services under paragraph (1) 
        shall submit to the head of the applicable 
        participating entity an annual report that evaluates 
        the scope, size, and quality of the resource assistant 
        program carried out by the 21CSC organization, 
        including a description of the value of the work 
        contributed by resource assistants to the mission of 
        the participating entity.

[SEC. 207. LIVING ALLOWANCES AND TERMS OF SERVICE.

  [(a) Living Allowances.--The Secretary shall provide each 
participant in the Public Lands Corps and each resource 
assistant with a living allowance in an amount established by 
the Secretary.
  [(b) Terms of Service.--Each participant in the Corps and 
each resource assistant shall agree to participate in the Corps 
or serve as a resource assistant, as the case may be, for such 
term of service as may be established by the Secretary 
enrolling or selecting the individual.
  [(c) Hiring.--The Secretary may--
          [(1) grant to a member of the Public Lands Corps 
        credit for time served with the Public Lands Corps, 
        which may be used toward future Federal hiring; and
          [(2) provide to a former member of the Public Lands 
        Corps noncompetitive hiring status for a period of not 
        more than 2 years after the date on which the member's 
        service with the Public Lands Corps is complete.]

SEC. 207. ELIGIBILITY FOR NONCOMPETITIVE HIRING STATUS.

  (a) Definitions.--In this section--
          (1) the terms ``land management agency'' and ``time-
        limited appointment'' have the meanings given those 
        terms in section 9601 of title 5, United States Code; 
        and
          (2) the term ``qualified Corpsmember'' means a 
        Corpsmember who is certified by a corresponding 
        participating entity as having successfully completed 
        640 hours of service with a 21CSC organization.
  (b) Hiring.--
          (1) In general.--Subject to paragraph (2) and 
        subsection (c), a qualified Corpsmember shall be 
        eligible for appointment in the competitive service in 
        the same manner as a Peace Corps volunteer as 
        prescribed in Executive Order 11103 (22 U.S.C. 2504 
        note; relating to Providing for the Appointment of 
        Former Peace Corps Volunteers to the Civilian Career 
        Services), as amended by Executive Order 12107 (44 Fed. 
        Reg. 1055; relating to the Civil Service Commission and 
        Labor-Management in the Federal Service).
          (2) Period.--A qualified Corpsmember shall be 
        eligible for an appointment under paragraph (1) during 
        the 2-year period beginning on the date on which the 
        Corpsmember completes the 640 hours of service required 
        under subsection (a)(2).
          (3) Time-limited appointment.--For purposes of 
        section 9602 of title 5, United States Code, a 
        qualified Corpsmember hired by a participating entity 
        that is a land management agency for a time-limited 
        appointment shall be considered to be appointed 
        initially under open, competitive examination.
  (c) Service Hours.--
          (1) In general.--The 640 hours of service required 
        under subsection (a)(2) may include service on 1 or 
        more projects carried out by a Corpsmember with 1 or 
        more participating entities during 1 or more terms of 
        service in a 21CSC organization.
          (2) Competitive service.--To be eligible for 
        noncompetitive hiring status under subsection (b), a 
        Corpsmember shall perform the 640 hours of service 
        required under subsection (a)(2)--
                  (A) carrying out a project on public or 
                tribal land or water; or
                  (B) in service with, or on a project 
                supported in whole or in part by, a 
                participating entity.
          (3) Priorities.--The head of each participating 
        entity is encouraged, to the maximum extent 
        practicable, to identify a sufficient number of 21CSC 
        projects on public or tribal land or water that are 
        aligned with the priorities of the participating entity 
        so as to facilitate the attainment of the 640 hours of 
        service by Corpsmembers required under subsection 
        (a)(2).
          (4) Tracking hours.--Participating entities shall 
        coordinate with 21CSC organizations to identify the 
        most effective and efficient method for tracking and 
        certifying the 640 hours of service required under 
        subsection (a)(2).
  (d) Guidance.--The head of each participating entity, and any 
subdivision of a participating entity, shall coordinate with 
the head of each other participating entity, and subdivision of 
each other participating entity, to implement and issue 
guidance on eligibility for noncompetitive hiring status under 
subsection (b) in a uniform manner to--
          (1) improve the efficiency and use of noncompetitive 
        hiring authority; and
          (2) minimize inconsistency.

SEC. 208. NATIONAL SERVICE EDUCATIONAL AWARDS.

  (a) Educational Benefits and Awards.--If a [participant in 
the Public Lands Corps] Corpsmember or a resource assistant 
also serves in an approved national service position designated 
under subtitle C of title I of the National and Community 
Service Act of 1990, [the participant] the Corpsmember or 
resource assistant shall be eligible for a national service 
educational award in the manner prescribed in subtitle D of 
such title upon successfully complying with the requirements 
for the award. The period during which the national service 
educational award may be used, the purposes for which the award 
may be used, and the amount of the award shall be determined as 
provided under such subtitle.
  (b) Forbearance in the Collection of Stafford Loans.--For 
purposes of section 428 of the Higher Education Act of 1965, in 
the case of borrowers who are [either participants in the 
Corps] Corpsmembers or resource assistants, upon written 
request, a lender shall grant a borrower forbearance on such 
terms as are otherwise consistent with the regulations of the 
Secretary of Education, during periods in which the borrower is 
serving as [such a participant] a Corpsmember or a resource 
assistant.

SEC. 209. NONDISPLACEMENT.

  The nondisplacement requirements of section 177 of the 
National and Community Service Act of 1990 shall be applicable 
to all activities carried out by the [Public Lands Corps] 21CSC 
, to all activities carried out under this title by a 
[qualified youth or conservation corps] Corpsmember or a 21CSC 
organization , and to the selection and service of resource 
assistants.

SEC. 210. FUNDING.

  (a) Investments.--
          (1) In general.--In addition to using the funds 
        described in subsections (b) and (c) to fund 21CSC 
        projects, each 21CSC organization shall leverage those 
        funds by soliciting cash or in-kind contributions from 
        public or private sources.
          (2) Methods.--A 21CSC organization may leverage funds 
        by soliciting contributions using innovative 
        strategies, such as crowd-funding.
  (b) Existing Resources.--To fund a 21CSC project, the head of 
each participating entity shall be limited to using existing 
funds appropriated or allocated to the participating entity, as 
of the period of implementation of the 21CSC project, under any 
law or authority other than this title.
  (c) Set Cost Share.--A 21CSC organization carrying out a 
21CSC project shall provide a cost share of not less than 10 
percent of the total cost of the 21CSC project, which may 
include cash or in-kind contributions from a State, local, or 
private source.
  [(a)] (d) Cost Sharing.--
          (1) Projects by [qualified youth or conservation 
        corps] corpsmembers or 21csc organizations.--[The 
        Secretary is authorized to pay not more than 75 percent 
        of the costs of any appropriate conservation project 
        carried out pursuant to this title on public lands by a 
        qualified youth or conservation corps. The remaining 25 
        percent of the costs of such a project may be provided 
        from nonfederal sources in the form of funds, services, 
        facilities, materials, equipment, or any combination of 
        the foregoing.] No cost sharing shall be required in 
        the case of any appropriate conservation project 
        carried out on Indian lands or Hawaiian home lands 
        under this title.
          (2)  [Public lands corps] 21csc projects.-- [The 
        Secretary is authorized to] The head of a participating 
        entity may accept donations of funds, services, 
        facilities, materials, or equipment for the purposes of 
        operating the [Public Lands Corps] 21CSC and carrying 
        out appropriate conservation projects by [the Corps] 
        the 21CSC . However, nothing in this title shall be 
        construed to require any cost sharing for any project 
        carried out directly by [the Corps] the 21CSC .
  [(b)] (e) Funds Available Under National and Community 
Service Act.--[In order to carry out the Public Lands Corps or 
to support resource assistants and qualified youth or 
conservation corps under this title, the Secretary] To carry 
out the 21CSC or to support resource assistants and 
Corpsmembers or 21CSC organizations under this title, the head 
of a participating entity shall be eligible to apply for and 
receive assistance under section 121(b) of the National and 
Community Service Act of 1990.
  [(c)] (f) Other Funds.--Amounts appropriated pursuant to the 
authorization of appropriations under [section 211] section 213 
are in addition to amounts allocated to the [Public Lands 
Corps] 21CSC through other Federal programs or projects.

SEC. 211. INDIAN YOUTH 21ST CENTURY CONSERVATION SERVICE CORPS.

  (a) Authorization of Cooperative Agreements.--The head of a 
participating entity may offer to enter into a cooperative 
agreement with a tribal agency or a 21CSC organization to 
establish and administer the Indian Youth 21st Century 
Conservation Service Corps, which shall carry out 1 or more 
21CSC projects on tribal land or water.
  (b) Guidelines.--Not later than 18 months after the date of 
enactment of the 21st Century Conservation Service Corps Act, 
the Secretary of the Interior, in consultation with Indian 
tribes, shall issue guidelines for the management of the Indian 
Youth 21st Century Conservation Service Corps, in accordance 
with this Act and any other applicable Federal laws.

SEC. 212. RULE OF CONSTRUCTION.

  Except where otherwise provided for in this title, the 
requirements and authorities provided under this title with 
respect to Corpsmembers, 21CSC organizations, and participating 
entities with respect to a 21CSC project shall be in addition 
to any requirement or authority provided under other Federal 
law with respect to Corpsmembers, 21CSC organizations, and 
participating entities with respect to the 21CSC project.

SEC. [211.]  213. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

  (a) In General.--There is authorized to be appropriated to 
carry out this title $12,000,000 for each fiscal year, of which 
$8,000,000 is authorized to carry out priority projects and 
$4,000,000 of which is authorized to carry out other 
appropriate conservation projects.
  (b) Disaster Relief or Prevention Projects.--Notwithstanding 
subsection (a), any amounts made available under that 
subsection shall be available for disaster prevention or relief 
projects.
  (c) Availability of Funds.--Notwithstanding any other 
provision of law, amounts appropriated for any fiscal year to 
carry out this title shall remain available for obligation and 
expenditure until the end of the fiscal year following the 
fiscal year for which the amounts are appropriated.
                              ----------                              


                      TITLE 40, UNITED STATES CODE



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SUBTITLE I--FEDERAL PROPERTY AND ADMINISTRATIVE SERVICES

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


CHAPTER 5--PROPERTY MANAGEMENT

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


SUBCHAPTER VII--PROPERTY MANAGEMENT

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


Sec. 623. Establishment of a Federal Real Property Council

  (a) Establishment.--There is established a Federal Real 
Property Council.
  (b) Purpose.--The purpose of the Council shall be--
          (1) to develop guidance and ensure implementation of 
        an efficient and effective real property management 
        strategy;
          (2) to identify opportunities for the Federal 
        Government to better manage property and assets of the 
        Federal Government; and
          (3) to reduce the costs of managing property of the 
        Federal Government, including operations, maintenance, 
        and security associated with Federal property.
  (c) Composition.--
          (1) In general.--The Council shall be composed 
        exclusively of--
                  (A) the senior real property officers of each 
                Federal agency;
                  (B) the Deputy Director for Management of the 
                Office of Management and Budget;
                  (C) the Controller of the Office of 
                Management and Budget;
                  (D) the Administrator; and
                  (E) any other full-time or permanent part-
                time Federal officials or employees, as the 
                Chairperson determines to be necessary.
          (2) Chairperson.--The Deputy Director for Management 
        of the Office of Management and Budget shall serve as 
        Chairperson of the Council.
          (3) Executive director.--
                  (A) In general.--The Chairperson shall 
                designate an Executive Director to assist in 
                carrying out the duties of the Council.
                  (B) Qualifications.--The Executive Director 
                shall--
                          (i) be appointed from among 
                        individuals who have substantial 
                        experience in the areas of commercial 
                        real estate and development, real 
                        property management, and Federal 
                        operations and management; and
                          (ii) hold no outside employment that 
                        may conflict with duties inherent to 
                        the position.
  (d) Meetings.--
          (1) In general.--The Council shall meet subject to 
        the call of the Chairperson.
          (2) Minimum.--The Council shall meet not fewer than 4 
        times each year.
  (e) Duties.--The Council, in consultation with the Director 
and the Administrator, shall--
          (1) not later than 1 year after the date of enactment 
        of this subchapter, establish a real property 
        management plan template, to be updated annually, which 
        shall include performance measures, specific 
        milestones, measurable savings, strategies, and 
        Government-wide goals based on the goals established 
        under section 524(a)(7) to reduce surplus property or 
        to achieve better utilization of underutilized 
        property, and evaluation criteria to determine the 
        effectiveness of real property management that are 
        designed--
                  (A) to enable Congress and heads of Federal 
                agencies to track progress in the achievement 
                of property management objectives on a 
                Government-wide basis;
                  (B) to improve the management of real 
                property; and
                  (C) to allow for comparison of the 
                performance of Federal agencies against 
                industry and other public sector agencies;
          (2) develop utilization rates consistent throughout 
        each category of space, considering the diverse nature 
        of the Federal portfolio and consistent with 
        nongovernmental space use rates;
          (3) develop a strategy to reduce the reliance of 
        Federal agencies on leased space for long-term needs if 
        ownership would be less costly;
          (4) provide guidance on eliminating inefficiencies in 
        the Federal leasing process;
          (5) compile a list of field offices that are suitable 
        for collocation with other property assets;
          (6) research best practices regarding the use of 
        public-private partnerships to manage properties and 
        develop guidelines for the use of those partnerships in 
        the management of Federal property; and
          (7) not later than 1 year after the date of enactment 
        of this subchapter and annually during the 4-year 
        period beginning on the date that is 1 year after the 
        date of enactment of this subchapter and ending on the 
        date that is 5 years after the date of enactment of 
        this subchapter, the Council shall submit to the 
        Director a report that contains--
                  (A) a list of the remaining excess property 
                that is real property, surplus property that is 
                real property, and underutilized property of 
                each Federal agency;
                  (B) the progress of the Council toward 
                developing guidance for Federal agencies to 
                ensure that the assessment required under 
                section 524(a)(11)(B) is carried out in a 
                uniform manner;
                  (C) the progress of Federal agencies toward 
                achieving the goals established under section 
                524(a)(7);
                  (D) if necessary, recommendations for 
                legislation or statutory reforms that would 
                further the goals of the Council, including 
                streamlining the disposal of excess or 
                underutilized real property; and
                  (E) a list of entities that are consulted 
                under subsection (f).
  (f) Consultation.--In carrying out the duties described in 
subsection (e), the Council shall also consult with 
representatives of--
          (1) State, local, and tribal authorities, as 
        appropriate, and other affected communities; and
          (2) appropriate private sector entities and 
        nongovernmental organizations that have expertise in 
        areas of--
                  (A) commercial real estate and development;
                  (B) government management and operations;
                  (C) space planning;
                  (D) community development, including 
                transportation and planning;
                  (E) historic preservation; and
                  (F) providing housing to the homeless 
                population.
  (g) Council Resources.--The Director and the Administrator 
shall provide staffing, and administrative support for the 
Council, as appropriate.
  (h) Access to Report.--The Council shall provide, on an 
annual basis, the real property management plan template 
required under subsection (e)(1) and the reports required under 
subsection (e)(7) to--
          (1) the Committee on Homeland Security and 
        Governmental Affairs of the Senate;
          (2) the Committee on Environment and Public Works of 
        the Senate;
          (3) the Committee on Oversight and Government Reform 
        of the House of Representatives;
          (4) the Committee on Transportation and 
        Infrastructure of the House of Representatives; and
          (5) the Comptroller General of the United States.
  (i) Exclusions.--In this section, surplus property shall not 
include--
          (1) any military installation (as defined in section 
        2910 of the Defense Base Closure and Realignment Act of 
        1990 (10 U.S.C. 2687 note; Public Law 101-510));
          (2) any property that is excepted from the definition 
        of the term ``property'' under section 102;
          (3) Indian and native Eskimo property held in trust 
        by the Federal Government as described in section 
        3301(a)(5)(C)(iii);
          (4) real property operated and maintained by the 
        Tennessee Valley Authority pursuant to the Tennessee 
        Valley Authority Act of 1933 (16 U.S.C. 831 et seq.);
          (5) any real property the Director excludes for 
        reasons of national security;
          (6) [any public lands (as defined in section 203 of 
        the Public Lands Corps Act of 1993 (16 U.S.C. 1722))] 
        any land or water (or interest in land or water) owned 
        by the United States (other than Indian land) 
        administered by--
                  (A) the Secretary of the Interior, acting 
                through--
                          (i) the Director of the Bureau of 
                        Land Management;
                          (ii) the Director of the National 
                        Park Service;
                          (iii) the Commissioner of 
                        Reclamation; or
                          (iv) the Director of the United 
                        States Fish and Wildlife Service; or
                  (B) the Secretary of Agriculture, acting 
                through the Chief of the Forest Service; or
          (7) any property operated and maintained by the 
        United States Postal Service.

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                              ----------                              


     DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR, ENVIRONMENT, AND RELATED AGENCIES 
                        APPROPRIATIONS ACT, 2012



           *       *       *       *       *       *       *
   DIVISION E--DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR, ENVIRONMENT, AND RELATED 
                   AGENCIES APPROPRIATIONS ACT, 2012

                                TITLE I

DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


                           HIRING AUTHORITIES

  Sec. 121. (a) Direct Hire Authority.--
          (1) During fiscal year 2012 and thereafter, the 
        [Secretary of the Interior] head of a participating 
        entity (as defined in section 203 of the Public Lands 
        Corps Act of 1993 (16 U.S.C. 1722)) (referred to in 
        this subsection as a ``participating entity'') may 
        appoint, without regard to the provisions of subchapter 
        I of chapter 33 of title 5, United States Code, other 
        than sections 3303 and 3328 of such title, a qualified 
        candidate described [in paragraph (1) directly to a 
        position with a land managing agency of the Department 
        of the Interior] in paragraph (2) directly to a 
        position with a participating entity for which the 
        candidate meets Office of Personnel Management 
        qualification standards.
          (2) Paragraph (1) applies with respect to a former 
        resource assistant (as defined in section 203 of the 
        Public Land Corps Act (16 U.S.C. 1722)) who--
                  (A) completed a rigorous undergraduate or 
                graduate summer internship with a [land 
                managing agency] participating entity , such as 
                the National Park Service Business Plan 
                Internship;
                  (B) successfully fulfilled the requirements 
                of the internship program; and
                  (C) subsequently earned an undergraduate or 
                graduate degree from an accredited institution 
                of higher education.
          (3) The direct hire authority under this subsection 
        may not be exercised with respect to a specific 
        qualified candidate after the end of the two-year 
        period beginning on the date on which the candidate 
        completed the undergraduate or graduate degree, as the 
        case may be.
  (b) Local Hire Authority.--Section 1308 of the Alaska 
National Interest Lands Conservation Act of 1980 (16 U.S.C. 
3198) is amended--
          (1) in subsection (a), by striking ``establish a 
        program'' and inserting ``establish an excepted service 
        appointment authority,'';
          (2) in subsection (b), by striking ``competitive 
        service as defined in section 2102 of such title for 
        which such person is eligible under subchapter I of 
        chapter 33 of such title, in selection to such 
        position'' and inserting ``excepted service as defined 
        in section 2103 of such title'';
          (3) in subsection (e), by redesignating paragraph (2) 
        as paragraph (3) and inserting after paragraph (1) the 
        following new paragraph (2):
          ``(2) Conversion to competitive service. Employees 
        who satisfactorily complete two years of continuous 
        service in a permanent appointment made under 
        subsection (a) and who meet satisfactory performance 
        and competitive service qualification requirements 
        shall have their appointment converted to competitive 
        service career-conditional or career employment as 
        appropriate. This paragraph applies to individuals 
        appointed on or after March 30, 2009. An employee who 
        does not meet competitive service qualification 
        requirements after two years of continuous service in 
        an appointment made under subsection (a) shall be 
        converted upon meeting such qualification requirements. 
        Temporary and time-limited appointments will be made in 
        the excepted service. There is no provision for 
        conversion to competitive service when appointments are 
        time-limited.''.
  (c) Gulf of Mexico Region.--For fiscal years 2012 and 2013, 
funds made available in this title for the Bureau of Ocean 
Energy Management and the Bureau of Safety and Environmental 
Enforcement may be used by the Secretary of the Interior to 
establish higher minimum rates of basic pay for employees of 
the Department of the Interior in the Gulf of Mexico Region in 
the Geophysicist (GS-1313), Geologist (GS-1350), and Petroleum 
Engineer (GS-0881) job series at grades 5 through 15 at rates 
no greater than 25 percent above the minimum rates of basic pay 
normally scheduled, and such higher rates shall be consistent 
with the subsections (e) through (h) of section 5305 of title 
5, United States Code.

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                              ----------                              


               NATIONAL AND COMMUNITY SERVICE ACT OF 1990



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TITLE I--NATIONAL AND COMMUNITY SERVICE STATE GRANT PROGRAM

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Subtitle C--National Service Trust Program

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


                PART III--NATIONAL SERVICE PARTICIPANTS

SEC. 137. DESCRIPTION OF PARTICIPANTS.

  (a) In General.--For purposes of this subtitle, an individual 
shall be considered to be a participant in a national service 
program carried out using assistance provided under section 121 
if the individual--
          (1) meets such eligibility requirements, directly 
        related to the tasks to be accomplished, as may be 
        established by the program;
          (2) is selected by the program to serve in a position 
        with the program;
          (3) is 17 years of age or older at the time the 
        individual begins the term of service;
          (4) has received a high school diploma or its 
        equivalent, agrees to obtain a high school diploma or 
        its equivalent (unless this requirement is waived based 
        on an individual education assessment conducted by the 
        program) and the individual did not drop out of an 
        elementary or secondary school to enroll in the 
        program, or is enrolled in an institution of higher 
        education on an ability to benefit basis and is 
        considered eligible for funds under section 484 of the 
        Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1091); and
          [(5) is a citizen or national of the United States or 
        lawful permanent resident alien of the United States.]
          (5) is a citizen or national of the United States or 
        lawful permanent resident alien of the United States, 
        or is a citizen of the Republic of the Marshall 
        Islands, the Federated States of Micronesia, or the 
        Republic of Palau and admitted to the United States as 
        a nonimmigrant under the terms of the applicable 
        Compact of Free Association with the United States.
  (b) Special Rules for Certain Youth Programs.--An individual 
shall be considered to be a participant in a youth corps 
program described in section 122(a)(3)(B)(x) that is carried 
out with assistance provided under section 121(a) if the 
individual--
          (1) satisfies the requirements specified in 
        subsection (a), except paragraph (3) of such 
        subsection; and
          (2) is between the ages of 16 and 25, inclusive, at 
        the time the individual begins the term of service.
  (c) Waiver.--The Corporation may waive the requirements of 
subsection (a)(4) with respect to an individual if the program 
in which the individual seeks to become a participant conducts 
an independent evaluation demonstrating that the individual is 
incapable of obtaining a high school diploma or its equivalent.

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Subtitle H--Investment for Quality and Innovation

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


              PART V--NONPROFIT CAPACITY BUILDING PROGRAM

SEC. 198S. NONPROFIT CAPACITY BUILDING.

  (a) Definitions.--In this section:
          (1) Intermediary nonprofit grantee.--The term 
        ``intermediary nonprofit grantee'' means an 
        intermediary nonprofit organization that receives a 
        grant under subsection (b).
          (2) Intermediary nonprofit organization.--The term 
        ``intermediary nonprofit organization'' means an 
        experienced and capable nonprofit entity with 
        meaningful prior experience in providing organizational 
        development assistance, or capacity building 
        assistance, focused on small and midsize nonprofit 
        organizations.
          (3) Nonprofit.--The term ``nonprofit'', used with 
        respect to an entity or organization, means--
                  (A) an entity or organization described in 
                section 501(c)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code 
                of 1986 and exempt from taxation under section 
                501(a) of such Code; and
                  (B) an entity or organization described in 
                paragraph (1) or (2) of section 170(c) of such 
                Code.
          (4) State.--The term ``State'' means each of the 
        several States, [and the District of Columbia] the 
        District of Columbia, American Samoa, Guam, the 
        Northern Mariana Islands, Puerto Rico, and the Virgin 
        Islands of the United States .
  (b) Grants.--The Corporation shall establish a Nonprofit 
Capacity Building Program to make grants to intermediary 
nonprofit organizations to serve as intermediary nonprofit 
grantees. The Corporation shall make the grants to enable the 
intermediary nonprofit grantees to pay for the Federal share of 
the cost of delivering organizational development assistance, 
including training on best practices, financial planning, 
grantwriting, and compliance with the applicable tax laws, for 
small and midsize nonprofit organizations, especially those 
nonprofit organizations facing resource hardship challenges. 
Each of the grantees shall match the grant funds by providing a 
non-Federal share as described in subsection (f).
  (c) Amount.--To the extent practicable, the Corporation shall 
make such a grant to an intermediary nonprofit organization in 
each State, and shall make such grant in an amount of not less 
than $200,000.
  (d) Application.--To be eligible to receive a grant under 
this section, an intermediary nonprofit organization shall 
submit an application to the Corporation at such time, in such 
manner, and containing such information as the Corporation may 
require. The intermediary nonprofit organization shall submit 
in the application information demonstrating that the 
organization has secured sufficient resources to meet the 
requirements of subsection (f).
  (e) Preference and Considerations.--
          (1) Preference.--In making such grants, the 
        Corporation shall give preference to intermediary 
        nonprofit organizations seeking to become intermediary 
        nonprofit grantees in areas where nonprofit 
        organizations face significant resource hardship 
        challenges.
          (2) Considerations.--In determining whether to make a 
        grant the Corporation shall consider--
                  (A) the number of small and midsize nonprofit 
                organizations that will be served by the grant;
                  (B) the degree to which the activities 
                proposed to be provided through the grant will 
                assist a wide number of nonprofit organizations 
                within a State, relative to the proposed amount 
                of the grant; and
                  (C) the quality of the organizational 
                development assistance to be delivered by the 
                intermediary nonprofit grantee, including the 
                qualifications of its administrators and 
                representatives, and its record in providing 
                services to small and midsize nonprofit 
                organizations.
  (f) Federal Share.--
          (1) In general.--The Federal share of the cost as 
        referenced in subsection (b) shall be 50 percent.
          (2) Non-federal share.--
                  (A) In general.--The non-Federal share of the 
                cost as referenced in subsection (b) shall be 
                50 percent and shall be provided in cash.
                  (B) Third party contributions.--
                          (i) In general.--Except as provided 
                        in clause (ii), an intermediary 
                        nonprofit grantee shall provide the 
                        non-Federal share of the cost through 
                        contributions from third parties. The 
                        third parties may include charitable 
                        grantmaking entities and grantmaking 
                        vehicles within existing organizations, 
                        entities of corporate philanthropy, 
                        corporations, individual donors, and 
                        regional, State, or local government 
                        agencies, or other non-Federal sources.
                          (ii) Exception.--If the intermediary 
                        nonprofit grantee is a private 
                        foundation (as defined in section 
                        509(a) of the Internal Revenue Code of 
                        1986), a donor advised fund (as defined 
                        in section 4966(d)(2) of such Code), an 
                        organization which is described in 
                        section 4966(d)(4)(A)(i) of such Code, 
                        or an organization which is described 
                        in section 4966(d)(4)(B) of such Code, 
                        the grantee shall provide the non-
                        Federal share from within that 
                        grantee's own funds.
                          (iii) Maintenance of effort, prior 
                        year third-party funding levels.--For 
                        purposes of maintaining private sector 
                        support levels for the activities 
                        specified by this program, a non-
                        Federal share that includes donations 
                        by third parties shall be composed in a 
                        way that does not decrease prior levels 
                        of funding from the same third parties 
                        granted to the nonprofit intermediary 
                        grantee in the preceding year.
  (g) Reservation.--Of the amount authorized to provide 
financial assistance under this subtitle, there shall be made 
available to carry out this section $5,000,000 for each of 
fiscal years 2010 through 2014.

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                              ----------                              


                           PUBLIC LAW 91-378

[Commonly known as the ``Youth Conservation Corps Act of 
1970'']

TITLE I--YOUTH CONSERVATION CORPS

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                        youth conservation corps

  Sec. 102. (a) To carry out the purposes of this title, there 
is established in the Department of the Interior and the 
Department of Agriculture a Youth Conservation Corps 
(hereinafter in this title referred to as the ``Corps''). The 
Corps shall consist of young men and women who are permanent 
residents of the United States, its territories, possessions, 
[trust territories, or] or the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico (or 
who are citizens of the Republic of the Marshall Islands, the 
Federated States of Micronesia, or the Republic of Palau and 
admitted to the United States as nonimmigrants under the terms 
of the applicable Compact of Free Association with the United 
States), who have attained age fifteen but have not attained 
age nineteen, and whom the Secretary of the Interior or the 
Secretary of Agriculture may employ without regard to the civil 
service or classification laws, rules, or regulations, for the 
purpose of developing, preserving, or maintaining lands and 
waters of the United States.
  (b) The Corps shall be open to youth from all parts of the 
country of both sexes and youth of all social, economic, and 
racial classifications with all Corps members receiving 
compensation consistent with work accomplished, and with no 
person being employed as a member of the Corps for a term in 
excess of ninety days during any single year.

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                    GRANT PROGRAM FOR STATE PROJECTS

  Sec. 104. (a) The Secretary of the Interior and the Secretary 
of Agriculture shall jointly establish a program under which 
grants shall be made to States to assist them in meeting the 
cost of projects for the employment of young men and omen to 
develop, preserve, and maintain non-Federal public lands and 
waters within the States. For purposes of this section, the 
term ``States'' includes the District of Columbia, the 
Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, the Virgin Islands, Guam, [the 
Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands, and American Samoa] 
American Samoa, and the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana 
Islands.
  (b)(1) No grant may be made under this section unless an 
application therefor has been submitted to, and approved by, 
the Secretary of the Interior and the Secretary of Agriculture. 
Such application shall be in such form, and submitted in such 
manner, as the Secretaries shall jointly by regulation 
prescribe, and shall contain--
          (A) assurances satisfactory to the Secretaries that 
        individuals employed under the project for which the 
        application is submitted shall-(i) have attained the 
        age of fifteen but not attained the age of nineteen, 
        (ii) be permanent residents of the United States or its 
        territories[, possessions, or the Trust Territory of 
        the Pacific Islands] or possessions (or the citizens of 
        the Republic of the Marshall Islands, the Federated 
        States of Micronesia, or the Republic of Palau and 
        admitted to the United States as nonimmigrants under 
        the terms of the applicable Compact of Free Association 
        with the United States) , (iii) be employed without 
        regard to the personnel laws, rules, and regulations 
        applicable to full-time employees of the applicant,(iv) 
        be employed for a period of not more than ninety days 
        in any calendar year, and(v) be employed without regard 
        to their sex or social, economic, or racial 
        classification; and
          (B) such other information as the Secretaries may 
        jointly by regulation prescribe.
  (2) The Secretaries may approve applications which they 
determine (A) to meet the requirements of paragraph (1), and 
(B) are for projects which will further the development, 
preservation, or maintenance of non-Federal public lands or 
waters within the jurisdiction of the applicant.
  (c)(1) The amount of any grant under this section shall be 
determined jointly by the Secretaries, except that no grant for 
any project may exceed 80 per centum of the cost (as determined 
by the Secretaries) of such project.
          (2) Payments under grants under this section may be 
        made in advance or by way of reimbursement and at such 
        intervals and on such conditions as the Secretaries 
        find necessary.
  (d) Thirty per centum of the sums appropriated under section 
106 for any fiscal year shall be made available for grants 
under this section for such fiscal year.

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